(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."

F16 

Wl28d 

V. 




Mamt dmealogtcal Society, 



Portland, Maine 



Accession ff __. fUF 



M 



COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

Maine historical society 

SECOND SERIES 



M23d 

v., 



DOCUMENTARY 

HISTORY OF THE STATE OF MAINE 

VOL. XXIII 



CONTAINING 



THE BAXTER MANUSCRIPTS 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A. M., Litt. D. 



PUBLISHED BY THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AIDKD BY 
APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE STATK 



PORTLAND 

FRED. L . TOWER COMPANY 

19 16 



Copyright 1916 
By the Maine Historical Society 



Press of 
Fred. L. Tower Company, Portland 



F16 
M28d 



PREFACE 



IN ray studies of the early history of Maine, it became 
evident to me that a documentary volume devoted to the 
native tribes of Maine, with whom the European settlers so 
often came in conflict, would be of itse to students of history. 
In previous volumes I have published from time to time such 
documents relating to this subject as my former employee, 
Mr. David Pulsifer, transcribed for me. After his death I 
could not procure a satisfactory person to take his place until 
the Rev. Henry O. Thayer, who knew of the difficulty which 
I was experiencing, kindly offered to transcribe the Indian 
documents for me. This volume contains a part of Mr. 
Thayer's painstaking work, and the next volume will com- 
plete it. 

JAMES PHINKEY BAXTER. 
Mackworth Island Sept. 14, 1916. 



49; 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Petition of Bernard Trott 

1689 Feb. 5 Agreement in re Expedition Against Indians, 

1690 Nov. 11 Agreement about Change of Captives, . 

1691 Feb. 22 Deposition of Abraham Miller, 

1693 July 21 Truce between Indians and English, . 
July 26 Letter from Gov Phips to Gov Fletcher, 
Aug. 24 Letter to Gov Fletcher & Draft of Treaty 

with Indians at Pemaquid, . 

1694 Aug. 8 Instructions for Capt. John Alden, 

Declaration and Precept by Governor to 

Indians, 

1694-5 Jan. 28 Letter Gov. Stoughton to Gov. Fletcher, 
Mar. 8 Letter from John March, 

1695 Mar. 25 Letter Gov. Stoughton to Gov. Fletcher, 
Oct. Names of English Captives Redeemed from 

Quebec 

Oct. 14 Letter from Frontenac, . 
Oct. 28 Letter from John Hill; also one dated 
Nov. 1st, 

1698 Nov. Petition of Capt. Bombasine with Proposal 

to Gov. Stoten, .... 

1698-9 Jan. 7 The Renewed Submission to the Eastern 

Indians and Recognition of their Obedi 

ence to the Crown of England, . 

1699 Mar. 14 Bellomont, Earl of, Proclamation of, 
July 14 An Act in re Indian Supplies, 
Sept. 8 Memorial of Sagamores, 

1700 June 21 Resolve in re Eastern Indians, 

Act in re Abuses to Indians and Lands, 

1701 Dec. 27 Message of Indians and Answers of Council, 
1701-2 Notes of a Conference at New Harbor with 

the Truckmaster, 

1713 July 11 Treaty of Eastern Indians 

July 11 A Journal of Commissioners at Portsmouth, 
July 23 Letter accompanying previous report, . 
1713-4 Jan. 11 Conference with five of the Eastern Indians, 
Letters from Indians to Governor, 
Eastern Indians to the Governor, . 
Feb. 11 Letter from John Gyles, . 



PAGE 

1 
2 
3 
3 
4 
5 

6 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 

15 
16 

17 

18 



19 
22a 
23 
26 
29 
30 
31 

35 
37-45 
45 
50 
51 
58 
60 
64 



Vlll 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1714 

1716 June 6 

1717 Oct. 3 
1720 

Sept. 16 

Sept. 16 

Oct. 12 

Nov. 25 

1721 Sept. 25 

1722 

1722-3 Feb. 25 

1723 May 21 

May 23 

Aug. 22 

Oct. 28 
1724 

July 21 

1725 Nov. 27 

1726 Aug. 4 

Jan. 28 

Dec. 12 

Dec. 23 

1726-7 Mar. 15 

June 3 



1727 



June 17 



Dec. 



Conferences with the Delegates of the East 

era Indians, July 23-24-26-27-28, . 
Conference at Portsmouth June 6, 
Letter from Indian Chiefs, . 
Report of Committee in re Conference at 

Falmouth 

Letter of Indians from Ft. George, Bruns 

wick, 

Letter from John Gyles, 

Letter from the Indians to the Gov 

(Translated), 

Indian Conference at Georgetown, 
Conference with Indians at Georgetown, 
Letter of Vandreuil to Father Rale, . 
Journal of Proceedings of Delegates of Six 

Nations, 

Council held at Fort George in re Five 

Nations, ....... 

Reports, etc., by Jeremiah Moulton con- 
nected with Expedition Col. Westbrook, 
Report of Commissioners appointed to treat 

with the Six Nations at Albany, 
Records of Conferences With Delegates of 

the Eight Nations 

Letter from Vandreuil 

First Conference with the Cagnawaga's 

(Answer to the Message of the 5 Nations 

at Quebec) 

Report of Commander St. George's Fort, 
Report of Indian Commissioners, . 
Conference with the Delegates of \he East 

era Indians 

Committee on English Claims to Eastern 

Lands 

Letter Laurent Sagouarrat, . 

Memorial of Thomas Sanders and Joseph 

Heath 

Proposal in favor Capt. J. Gyles, . 

Capt. Gyles to the Governor, . 

Report of Committee to consider Govt's 

Speech relating to instructions of East 

Indians, 

Two Resolves in House in re Indians, . 
Memorial of a Conference at St. Georges 

River 

Conference with Indians, Boston, . 



PAGE 

64 
80 
82 



83 

87 
89 

89 

94 

97 

108 

110 

128 

148 

132 

153 
158 



160 
163 
168 

186 

203 
208 

210 
211 
211 



212 
212 

213 

217 



OF CONTEXTS 



IX 



1727 


Jan. 


3 


1728 


July 


3 




Nov. 


2 




Dec. 




1736 


June 


25 


1738 


July 




1739 


Aug. 


10 




Aug. 


13 


1740 


Aug. 


25 



1741 


Sept. 


15 




Dec. 


3 


1742 


June 


16 




Nov. 


18 




Dec. 


19 




Feb. 


11 




Feb. 


21 


1743 


Dec. 


9 


1744 


June 


18 




June 


19 




June 


22 




July 


7 



1747-8 



1748 



Jan. 25 
Mar. 2 



Sept. 10 
Oct. 10 



PAGE 
227 
231 
232 
233-236 
236 



1749 April 27 



Conference with Indians, 
Letter from Indians to Gov. Dummer, . 
Letter from Indians to Gov Burnett, . 
Disbursements for entertaining Indians, . 
Conference with Penobscot Indians, Boston 
Conference with Penobscot and Norridge- 

walk Indians, 241 

Conference with Polin, Sachem of the Pre- 

sumpscot Indians 257 

Conference continued 259 

Letter from J. Willard to Col° Westbrook, 261 
Conference with Chiefs of the Penobscot 

Tribe, 262 

Petition of Wm. McClenachan and action 

thereon 271 

Journal of Capt. John Storer, . . .273 
Letter John Gyles to the Governor and the 

Governor's reply 275 

Conference with Chiefs of the Penobscot 

Tribe, 276 

Proceedings in House, 282 

Report and Expenses of John Wheelwright, 283 
Report and Expenses of Cornelius Soul, 

messenger from the Governor, . . . 283 
Petition of Inhabitants of Townshend, Har- 

rinton & Pemaquid, and Action of House, 287 
Letter from Indians — Loron and els., . . 285 

Letter from John Minot 280 

Governor's Letter to Eastern Indians, . . 281 
Letter from Governor to Capt. Bradbury, . 289 
Letter Jabez Bradbury to the Governor, . 290 
Letter from A. R. Cutter, .... 291 
Letter William Pepperell to the Governor, . 292 
Instructions to Commissioners appointed to 

accompany the Delegates of the 6 Nations 

eastward, 293 

Declaration of War vs. Cape Sables and St. 

John's Indians, 296 

Letter to Capt. Jabez Bradbury, . . . 298 
Memorial of Jabez Bradbury and action 

thereon, ........ 305 

Serg' Trott's Journal from Mar. 25-April 25, 299 
Journal of David Dunning, .... 301 

Letter from Jabez Bradbury and the Gov- 
ernor's reply, 303 

Penobscot Indians to the Governor, . . 305 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1749 



April 27 
May 17 
May 18 

June 3 

June 5 
June 23 



Aug.Dec. 

Sept. 5 

Sept. 7 

Sept. 9 

Nov. 17 

Dec. 9 

Dec. 13 



Dec. 


22 


Dec. 


22 


Dec. 


23 


Dec. 


28 


1749-50 Jan. 


1 


Jan. 


11 


Jan. 


22 


Feb. 


2 


Feb. 


24 


Mar. 


8 


1750 April 


9 


April 


17 


May 


10 



May 10 



June 



PAGE 

Letter Jabez Bradbury 315 

Letter William Lithgow, 317 

Governor's Letter about Indians in reply to 

letter of Jabez Bradbury 316 

Governor's Letter about Indians to Gov 

Wentworth, 319 

Petition John Dennis 323 

Conference between Governor Shirley & 
Delegates of the Penobscot and Nor- 

ridgewaik Indians 306 

Journal of Capt. Phinehas Stevens, . . 354 
Letter Jabez Bradbury with letter from 

Penobscot Indians Inclosed, . . . 319 

Letter Cassemeah, 321 

Letter Jabez Bradbury to Gov Shirley, . 321 

Letter Penobscot Indians 322 

Samuel Denny to Governor giving account 

of the killing of an Indian, &c 338 

Committee's Report on the above letter and 

Action of House 340 

Letter S. Frost, 342 

Joseph Blany to S. Phips, .... 343 
Copy of Writ in re Supposed Murderers and 

Action thereon, 344 

Action of House offering reward, etc., etc., 345 

Letter from Jabez Fox, 347 

Letter from Jere. Moulton 349 

Proclamation by the Governor in re sup- 
posed Murderers 350 

Letter William Lithgow to S. Phips, . . 352 

Letter Jere. Moulton, 325 

Letter Ed. M. Trowbridge 325 

Report of Committee on trial of Ball & 

Le Dyte, 326 

Letter from Lt. Jabez Bradbury, . . . 327 

Letter in behalf Penobscot Indians, . . 328 
Letter J. Wheelwright in re three Indian 

girls, 372 

Certificate signed "Thos. Sanders", . . 372 

Letter S. Phips, 371 

Additional Proceedings of the General Court 
relating to the trial of prisoners and 

other matters, 336 

An Act of Legislature for removing trial of 
prisoners from County of York to County 

of Suffolk, and other proceedings, . . 331 



OF CONTENTS 



XI 



1750 


June 




June 28 




July 9 




Aug. 3 




Aug. 8 




Aug. 9 




Aug. 10 




Oct. 30 


1750- 


1 Feb. 5 




Mar. 1 




Mar. 4 




Mar. 7 


1751 


Mar. 28 




April 3 




April 11 




April 16 




April 22 




April 25 




April 26 




May 15 




May 26 



May 29 

June-July 
June 18 



June 21 

July 9 
July 13 



July 22 
July 27 



Letter in behalf of Penobscot Indians, . 
Letter in behalf of Wawenock Indians, 
Report about trial of prisoners, . 
Letter S. Phips to Chiefs of Indian Tribes 
Letter Wm. Davis to S. Phips complaining 

of Indians, ...... 

Conference with Eastern Indians, . 

Governor's Speech to the Indians, 

Letter Gov. of Mass. to the Gov. of Canada 

Letter Squadook, 

Letter Sebanoosett 

Letter J. Bradbury to William Lithgow, 
Memorial Richard Saltonstal and Stephen 

Sewall in re trial of prisoners, . 
Letter by Sebaooset, .... 
Letter William Lithgow, .... 
Letter Gov. of Canada to Governor of 

Massachusetts, ..... 
Memorial of Elizabeth Vass, . 
Gov. Phips to Capt. Bradbury in re French 

Settlements near the Penobscot River 
Letters Lt. Gov. to Lithgow and Bradbury 
John Minot et al to Lt. Gov. in re Wm. Ross 
Letter J. Bradbury to John Wheelwright 
Letter Samuel Denny, .... 
Letter J. Willard to Capt. W m Lithgow 
Letter William Lithgow, 
Cornelius Soul to Secy. Willard in re In 

dians Carrying off Mr. Chandler's son & 

Benj. Mitchell's 2 children, 
Memorial of James Whidden in re children 

captured by the Indians, . 
Journal of Commissioners in re Six Nations 
Instructions of Council to Messrs. Wendell 

Dwight & Partridge in re the Six Nations 
Instructions to Mr. Anthony Van Schaick 
Order of House in re enlisting men for 

guard duty and for money to be used for 

the Indians, 

Lithgow to Lt. Gov. giving acct. of Indian 

attack & asking for re-inforcements, 
Letter Lt. Gov. to S. Phips appointing Com- 
missioners to attend Treaty with the 

Eastern Indians 

Letter S. Peter Gonnon, Penobscot Jesuit, 
Lithgow to Lt. Gov 



PAGE 
328 
328 
329 
330 

372 
363 
335 
368 
373 
374 
37 r 

3F2 
374 
075 

356 
390 

378 
383 
390 
379 
380 
380 
381 



391 

391 
406 

406 
407 



385 

400 



385 
409 
403 



Xll 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



PAGE 

1751 July 29 Letter Seth Webb to his father, . . .393 
July 31 Letters S. Phips. Orders to raise soldiers 

to guard frontier, 397-99 

Aug. 3 Letter Jabez Bradbury in re Penobscot In- 
dians inclosing letter from Squadooks, 
Letter Lt. Gov. to Jabez Bradbury, 

Aug. 4 Bradbury to Lt. Gov 

Aug. 13 Letter Jabez Bradbury, .... 

Aug. 13 Letter Osung to Gov Phips, . 

Aug. 15 Instructions to Messrs. Wendell, Watts & 
Hubbard in re treaty with Indians & Re- 
port of Conference, .... 
Ezekiel Cushing to Lt. Gov 

Aug. 17 Letter S. Phips to Col. Ezekiel Cushing, 
William Lithgow to Col. Cushing, . 

Aug. 27 J. Willard to Commissioners, . 

Sept. 12 Letter Squadook in behalf of the Penobscots, 

Sept. 27 Letter — Loren in behalf of the Penobscots, 

Oct. 2 Petition of Samuel Webb in re son captured 
by the Indians 

Oct. 10 Letter Jabez Bradbury to Gov, . 

Oct. 11 Action of House in re annual present to 
Indians, 

Oct. 25 Gov. Phips to Capt. Bradbury, 

Nov. 25 Letter Jabez Bradbury in behalf of Penob- 
scot Indians, 

Nov. 30 Petition of Samuel Hinkley & als in re 
members of family captured by Indians, 
Memorial Samuel Whitney in re Son cap- 
tured by Indians 

1752 June 12 William Lithgow to Lt. Gov. in behalf of 

Norridgwock Indians 

July 25 Longueuil to Lt. Gov. Phips (Original) For 
translation see Vol. XII. p. 190, . 

Aug. 31 Jabez Bradbury to Lt. Gov., .... 

Sept. 1 William Lithgow to Lt. Gov. inclosing letter 
• from Norridgwock Indians & other Letters 
referring to Conference and Treaty at St. 
George's, Oct. 13-21 434-437 

Nov. 22 Petition of Lazarus Noble and Benj. 

Mitchell, and Action of House, . . . 437 
Report of Phinehas Stevens and Nathaniel 
Wheelwright concerning freeing certain 
English prisoners and a list of the 
prisoners & captives, .... 439-443 
1752-3 Mar. 23 Letter Samuel Moody to Governor and re- 
port of Committee on same, . . 443-444 



386-87 
387 
410 
388 
389 



410 
424 
399 
400 
425 
425 
427 

393 

428 

428 
429 

429 

394 

395 

432 

430 
433 



OF CONTEXTS 



Xlll 



PAGE 



1752-3 Mar. 26 Letter William Lithgow inclosing letter 
from the Indians to the Governor, . 
Report of Committee in re complaint of In- 
dians touching the English claims and 
settlements on the Kennebec River, . 
Letter from William Lithgow relating to 
English settling above Cobbeseconte, 
April 25 Letter from Penobscot Indians & report of 
Committee in re settler on Montinicus 

Island 

June 10 Letter from William Lithgow in behalf of 

Norridgwock Indians, 

June 13 Letter S. Phips to Capt. Jabez Bradbury in 

re Eben r Hall on Montinicus Island, . 
Aug. 25 Letter from S. Pierre Gonnon, French 

Jesuit, to Gov., 

1753 Sept. 7 Vote of House for an appropriation to pur- 
chase annual presents for the Indians, 450 356 



445 



445 



447 



448 

44Tb 

44>2 

74 

4575 



Dec. 



Warrant against Ebenezer Hall for settling 

on Montinicus Island 

Deposition of James Clark, servant to 

, Ebenezer Hall, 

Letter to the Penobscot Indians from W. 

Shirley, 

Letter in re garrison at Taconick, . 

Action of House in re providing clothing, 

etc., for Indian boy, 

Documents and letters relating to Lazarus 

Noble and Benjamin Mitchell, . 
Letter from Du Quesne 



390 



451 

452 
455 

455 

456 

461 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



OF THE 



STATE OF MAINE 



Petition of Bernard Trott. 

The Humble Petition of Bernard Trott Sheweth y' on Re- 
quest of the hon d Governour In March Last hee did procure 
the freedom of a Couple of Indians w ch came from fayal In 
Joseph Nash, the Twentieth Fifth Day of July last and cost 
there one hundred Mil Res in Ready Money * 
[Payment ordered 16 th of 6 mo. 1677, but not yet paid: 
New petitions of similar purport presented in Aug. 1703, 
and in 1704, with further particulars, — and reasons why 
payment was refused and postponed] That 

sometime in the yeare 1677 yo r Pet r Petitioned to the Hon bl 
Gov r Jn° Leverett Esq r & the hon rd Councill then sitting - in 
Boston for 62£ — 10s — 6d due to y r Pet r for Redeeming 
two Indians, Viz. a Sagamore & his Squaw stollen away from 
the Eastward by one Waldron & 13 Indians more & curried 
to Fyall and sold for slaves which made the first Indian 
Warr In those parts as the IIon ble Gov r told yo r Petition' 
You r Petition' sent his Servant Samuel Turell [or in another 
Copy, Joseph Burrell] on that account upon | or, with] 
Joseph Nash which he hired and brought home the said two 
Indians, * * * 

I Letters of Winakermit, Moxes, and others, from Teconnot probably, sent 
by the captive Mrs. Hammond; Release of prisoners & trade. Vide, Collec- 
tions of Me. Hist. Soc, 1890, Vol. I; Sec. II, pp. 277, 278.] 



1 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Agreement in re Expedition Against Indians. 

Boston, Feb. 5, 1689 
At a meeting of y e Commission' 8 of y e Massachusetts 
Plimoth & Connecticut chosen for y e managem* & ordering 
the present expedition &c. 

The Gen u chosen and comissionated by y e Governor Councill 
and Generall Convention of y e Massachusetts Colony and those 
chosen and Commissionated by y e Colony and Generall Court 
at New Plimoth for y e management & ordering of y e present 
Expedition for restricting & suppressing y e Comon Indyan 
enimy who hath comitted many treacherous and barbarous 
murthers & cruelties on y e Subjects of y e Crown of England 
not only at y e Eastward but on some of y e people als of this 
colony and for y e comon defence & Safety of all their Mat les 
Subjects in those parts of their Dominions, (if God please to 
bless y r indeavors) do agree as followeth. 

1. That on consideration of y e narrative given to us we 
are well satislied that y e expedition is just & necessary & It 
is my duty to be assistant for the defence of their Said Ma tles 
Subjects & aiding of other according to our ability & oper- 
tunity, and by all lawful! meanes to endeav 1 " to repell and 
restrain all such Indyans their complices abattors & others 
as have in a treacherous & barbarous way made wast & de- 
struction of y e persons & estates of y e Subjects 

2. That the charge thereof be born in due proportion ac- 
cording to the heads, Viz : of all males from 16 years old to 
Sixty, Of estates that the rest of our fellow Subjects of the 
other colonies will not fail to bear their due parte there- 
of. — And if appearing to be very just & equall y l all their 
Ma ties subjects thorow out y e teretory in N. E. should bear 
their proportion of the charge. The comissioners do agree 
to write unto y m accordingly. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE O 

Agreement About Change of Captives. 

York Nov* 11 — 1690. 
To Sagamor Ma dock a wan do Walumpe, Memente Wasumba- 

met Augeremet Watombamet and all Eastward sagamors. 
The Gov 1 " of Boston having seen yo r Letter of y e 16 th 
October Last, wherein you desier make peace thereupon did 
send several Majestrats & Gentlemen, to treat with those that 
came to our Captains at Wells, but y p Indians being all gon 
before those Gentlemen came, Except John Hawkins, with 
him they agreed that all the English Captives about Kene- 
beck & the Pond, Amorescoggen k other places in yo r hands, 
be brought downe to Saeadekock within fifteen days after the 
date hereof, to be delivered up to the English who will send 
a Vessel thither in that time & deliver up the Indian Captives 
that are in our hands to you : And their shall com a man in 
the Vessel to wright agreements with all the Sagamores, when 
& where the Gentlemen from the Gov" of Boston shall meet 
with them to make peace, & the Sagamores must have one 
Wrighting and the English another, And when we make peace 
then we must make great wright ing & the Gov" 1 Great Seal 
to it cv. the English have one & the Indians another & then 
never fight any more: & if Vessel no come within 15 days 
because may be bad weather then you stay longer. — 



Deposition of Abraham Miller. 

Depositions X 

Abraham Miller about 2.") years of age Testifieth A: saith 
y' some time in y e next winter after Pemmaquid was Taken 
he saw the Indian now Called Jacob Besadock at Cannada 
who came thither whilst y e said Deponent was there a prisoner 



4 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and said Bcsadock then told him that he had been at Pem- 
maquid at y e taking- y e ffort there and that he had killed Capt. 
Wemms and that y e Coat he had then on his back he then 
took from said Capt. Wemms and that it was Capt. Wemms 
his Coate. And y* y e said Indian Came up to see y e English 
prisoners with a great ffrench Ilatt on his head and y l he 
told y e same to y e Rest of y e prisoners laughing at y e poor 
prisoners — 

The said Abraham Miller further Testifieth and Saith that 
y e very last Summer before our English meet arrived at Can- 
nada,, he then being there a Prisoner, betimes in y e spring, 
he saw y e Indian that is Now called by y e name of John 
Naphow there at Cannada, which Indian he then took verry 
good notice of by a verry remarkable Scarr he had under his 
throat, which said Indian Carried it very abusively to y e Poor 
English Captives there and threatened to knock said Depon 1 
on y e head for speaking to him for his abusive Carriage to y e 
said Captives. 
F br 22: 1691: — 

Abraham Miller 

[Miller again p. 324 deposes in similar terms. .Six other depositions follow 
appearing to prove Miller mistaken, that the two Indians under arrest had 
been in Groton too long to have been at Pemaquid and had been also in 
service as soldiers and companions in hunting and were good friends of the 
English ; also giving reasons why little credit should be given to Miller, who 
said if he were out of the country, he wished that the Indians would knock 
out ye brains of every person in Newe England. Hence an Alibi for these 
Indians.] 



Truce between Indians and English. 

A Truce Agreed upon the 21 st day of July 1693 at Pema- 
quid between the English and Indians.- — 

1 Imprimis both parties do promise and agree that there 
shall be a cessation of Armes on both sides that no English- 
man shall wound kill or take Prisoner any Indian nor any 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



Indian wound kill or take Prisoner any English man for 
Twenty dayes after this day, nor do any Act or Acts of hos- 
tility either to other during that time. 

Item. It is agreed on That the Indians meeting with any 
English shall shew a Flagg of Truce and acquaint them of 
tli is agreement. 

3 rdIy It is agreed that the Indians do hereby promise to 
meet at this place again Twenty dayes after the One and 
Twentieth of this instant to make and conclude a firm and 
lasting Peace, to deliver all the Captives on both sides with- 
out any Ransom — 

4 thly The Indians promise to send to all their * * * 
men to give notice of this Truce and the English promise to 
send to Boston to acquaint the Governonr therewith. 



Modockawando 
Mockses 
Edgerremit 
Scambemat 



Nahagnimen 
Weenohson 
Nessegombewit 
Bommasin 
(with their marks) 



Henquid 
Psattes 
Terramogges 
Phil. 



Gov 1 ' Pliips to Gov r Fletcher. 

[Letter from Gov. Phips to Gov. Fletcher, N. Y. Ind.] Copy. 

[First paragraph — plan for Treaty with Maqua's, and a 
murder at Deerfield] 

* * # * j have also received a Letter from the Com- 
mander of Pemaquid ffort giving me an account that Mo- 
dackawando with several other of the Eastern Indian Sachems 
have lately been in there with a Flagg of Truce and moved 
that the War be brought to an end manifesting their Earnest 
desire of Peace, proposing to come thither again by the 10th 
of August next to meet such persons as shall be appointed by 
my self to discourse with them about that matter, and have 



6 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

agreed to cease all Acts of hostility in the interim. 

Upon consideration thereof It's thought advisable that the 
Gent m designed to have waited upon your Excellency be de- 
layed until that meeting be over ; the Issue of which your 
Ex cy shall have an account of which may occasion the alter- 
ing of former measures proposed. 

S r Francis Wheler with the Squadron under him is near 

ready and proposes to sayle hence in his voyage homeward 

within a few dayes and to attack the French at Plesantia in 

Newfoundland the Souldiers and Sea Men are restored to 

a good Measure of health but it has pleased God to visit this 

Town with the Sickness of which several persons are already 

dead. 

I am Yo r Ex Ilcy most humble Servant, 

Boston, July 2G th 1693.— 

To his Ex cy Benj a ffletcher Esq r Gov r of New Yorke. 



Letter to Gov r Fletcher & Draft of Treaty with hidians at 

Pemaquid. 

[Vltle Mather's Magnatia, Vol. 2, p. 625. Also copied in Johnston's Hist. 
Bristol, p. 193-5.] 

New England (sc) — 

S r William Phips Kn 1 Cap tn General and Governour in chief 

in and over their Maj tles Provinces of the Massachusetts 

Bay in New England. 
I do hereby manifest and make known unto all who shall 
see these presents That the Sagamores and chief Captains of 
the Indians of and belonging unto the several Rivers of 
Penobscot Kennebeck, Amarascoggin and Saco within the 
province aforesaid, expressing their earnest Desires of putting 
an end to the War betwixt themselves and the English have 
by a certain Instrument in writing under their hands and 
Seals bearing even date with these presents, for themselves 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE i 

and in the name and with the free consent of all the Indians 
belonging to the aforesaid Rivers respectively and in behalf 
of all other Indians within the said Province of and from 
the River of Merrimack unto the most Easterly bounds of 
said Province, made a declaration of their hearty Subjection 
& obedience unto the Crown of England casting themselves 
upon their Maj ties Grace and Favour; And therein also 
solemnly covenanted promised and agreed the manner follow- 
ing Viz 1 From and after the Date of the said Instrument 
forever to cease and forbear all acts of hostility towards their 
Maj tles Subjects and not to offer the least hurt or Violence 
unto them or any of them in their persons or estates but to 
hold and maintain a firm and constant friendship with all 
the English. 

Not to adhere to join unto aid or assist the French in their 
Wars or designs against the English nor to countenance suc- 
cor or conceal any of the Enemy Indians of Canada or other 
places, but to secure them if in their power and deliver them 
up to the English. To set at liberty and return home all the 
English Captives without any ransom or Payment: Not to 
molest interrupt or disturb the English in their Improvements 
and Enjoyment of all and Singular their rights of Land former 
Settlements and possessions within the Eastern parts of the 
said Province. Not to take any private revenge for any real 
or supposed wrong or Injury that may be done to any of 
them by any of the English but to make proper application 
to their Maj ties Government for Remedy thereof in due course 
of Justice according to their Maj tles Laws. 

And have given hostages for their fidelity and performance 
of the said Articles. 

In consideration whereof and upon Condition that all and 
every of the Articles in the before recited Instrument be well 
and truly observed kept and performed on the part of the 
Indians according to the purport true intent and meaning 



8 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of the same without fraud or Covin and no breach made in 
any particular thereof I do promise and engage on behalf 
of the English of the Provinces of the Massachusetts Bay 
afores d to cease and forbear all acts of hostility towards the 
said Indians or any of them. 

Dated at Fort William Henry in Pemaquid the eleventh 
day of August 1693 in the fifth year of the Eeign of our 
Souvraign Lord and Lady William and Mary by the Grace 
of God of England, Scotland France and Ireland King and 
Queen Defenders of the ffaith. 

W. P. 

S r I formerly acquainted you That some of the Eastern 
Indians had come with a Flagg of Truce to the Garrison at 
Pemaquid and moved for a cessation of armes, Expressing 
their desires to be at Peace with the English praying the 
Commander there to acquaint my self therewith and promised 
that the Sagamores should come thither upon the 10 th of this 
month to meet with such whom I might appoint to discourse 
them, and thinking it necessary to visit that Fort my self 
with some GentP of the Council were there at the time when 
the Sagamores with their Captaines and divers others at- 
tended, and upon discourse with them After sometime of 
Consideration they made a declaration in writing under their 
hands and Seales of their hearty Subjection and obedience 
unto the Crown of England casting themselves upon their 
Maj tles Grace and Favour 

And have covenanted and promised to abandon the French 
Interest and not to adhere unto joyne with, aid or assist 
them in their War or attempts against their Maj tles Subjects 
but for ever hereafter to cease all acts of hostility against the 
English <fcc. And have delivered Hostages for their fidelity, 
and true performance of their Covenants and I hope the dis- 
tresses they have been reduced unto, and their Subjection now 
made will oblige them to be cautious of any new Eruption. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE V 

The Captives report that they have been meditating for 
more than twelve Months past to seek to the English to be in 
good terms with them, expressing their weariness of the War 
and lately resolved to cast off their Fryar who has laboured 
to push them forward in making further attempts against 
the English giving them Expectation of receiving assistance 
from the French wherein they have found themselves de- 
ceived. I thought it necessary to advise your Excellency 
hereof and am 

Your Excellency's Most Humble Servant, 

W. P. 

Boston, August 24 th 1693 

P ¥ of M. B. By his Excy L l W m Phips [&c.— ] in N. E. 



Instructions for Captain John Alden. 

Forasmuch as divers outrages, Rapines and barbarous 
Murders have lately been acted and perpetrated by the In- 
dians upon their Maj ties Subjects within this Province and 
the Province of New: Hampshire. 

You are to Embarque upon the Province Galley, Cap n 
Tho: Dobbins Commander who is ordered forthwith to set 
sayle for Pemaquid and upon your arrival there to informe 
your Selfe from Cap tn John March Commander of their 
Ma tiea Fort whither any Indians have appeared or been 
spoken with there since my last comeing from thence; or 
whither there be any likelihood of your speedy coming to y e 
speech with them ; If not then to leave one of my Declarations 
& precepts with Cap tn March to be communicated to the In- 
dians and convayed to the Sachems, and your Selfe to attend 
my farther Instructions following 

You are to proceed from Pemaquid to Penobscot, and by 
the best waies and meanes you may Endeavour to gain Speech 



10 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

with the Indians, and to understand their temper and motion, 
and which of 'm were concerned as actors in y e late outrages 
and Murders, or whither any English Captives are brought 
into those parts, And if you have a fair opportunity to sur- 
prise and seize what and so many of the Indians as you can, 
and bring them away with you, that we may oblige the return 
of our Captives and delivery of y e principal Murderers ; how- 
ever find out some way to convay to them my Declaration or 
precept sent by you, and make all possible dispatch back 
again ; whilst you abide there be very watchful to prevent any 
Surprisal. If you have Speech with the Indians, Endeavour 
to make them sensible how perfidious and treacherous they 
have been in Violating of their Stipulations made, when all 
things on my part have been duely observed ; And the great 
Miseries and Sufferings which they have brought on them- 
selves by their renouncing of their Maj ti6S Grace and Favour, 
the doleful Effects whereof they must expect to feel. 

What further may be promoted in this affayre for their 
Maj Ues Service must be left to your good discretion, accord- 
ing as things shal] be circumstanced at the places where you 
come. 
Boston August 8 th 1694. 

Declaration and Precept by Governor to Indians. 

Province of Mass Bay in New England By his Excy S r 

William Phips, K l [&c] 
To the Sachems and Principal Indians within the Eastern 

parts of this Province. 
Whereas it is credibly Informed, That some Indians from 
the Eastern parts of this Province particularly Robin Doney, 
John Doney and Sundry others whose names are not known 
Sometimes in ye month of July last with force and Armes 
did attack and assault their Maj ties Subjects at Oyster River 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11 

&c within the Province of New-Hampshire, as also at the 
Town of Groton within this Province, and against and upon 
them then and there did act and perpetrate sundry outrages; 
rapines, barbarities and cruel murders, did burn consume 
and lay waste their houses and Estates contrary to the Peace 
of our Sovereign Lord and Lady William & Mary by the 
Grace of God King and Queen over England p r the Stipula- 
tion made by the said Indians, and in violation of their 
Faith Duty and Subjection unto their Said Maj tiea 

I do therefore on behalfe of our said Lord and Lady the 
King and Queen demand strictly charge and require you and 
every of you forthwith to seize secure and deliver up unto 
some of their Maj tles Justices of the Peace or other officers 
Military or Civil, the said Robin Doney and John Doney 
with their accomplices that they may be taken into safe cus- 
tody, and proceeded against according to Law as False 
Traitors, Rebels and Murderers and likewise to bring in to 
their Maj ties Fort at Pemaquid all the English Captives in 
your hand : And hereof you may not f aile of performance 
within the space of twenty days next ensueing the date hereof 
as you tender your duty and Obedience unto their said Maj ties 
and on pain of being prosecuted with utmost severity as their 
Enemies upon your neglect. Given under my hand and Seal 
at Boston the Eighth day of August 1694 in the Sixth Year 
of their said Maj ties Win and Mary King and Queen of 
England &c. W Phips. 

Letter Gov. Stoughton to Gov. Fletcher. 

S r Boston, January 28 l<>!)4/5. 

I have waited with expectation that 1 might ere this have 
had some Intelligence from Europe or from occurrences here 
worthy of your Excy's notice which has been the occasion of 
my silence. But the hard winter or some other Providence 
has hitherto delayed the arrival of ships from abroad de- 



12 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

signed for these parts and no action hapned here saving Sur- 
prisal of four Indians sometime since at Saco Fort and three 
more afterwards at Pemaquid most of them of Esteem with 
their Country Men for their activity and resolution and no 
less notorious for their Vi Haines, and were doubtless now 
sent for Spies to gain some advantage for the attacking of the 
Garrisons, or doing of other Mischiefs. The four that came 
to Saco were killed by the Souldiers there and prevented of 
carrying back intelligence, those that came to Pemaquid were 
sent hither where they remain in custody and it's hoped may 
be improved to oblige the return of our Captives, and the 
bringing in of some of the principal aggressors & actors in the 
late Rebellion and outrages, (which it is said some of the 
Sagamores refused to be consenting unto) or otherwise to 
gain the fairer opportunity to take just revenge upon them 
for their perfidiousness and barbarous murders committed. 
We are held at very great charge and constantly upon duty for 
the Safeguard and defence of our Frontiers and out Posts to 
prevent surprisals and have reason to believe that the Enemy 
have their Espials upon us to observe our postures, tho we 
hear of no present motion of them As anything do's occur 
here for their Maj ties Service I shall not omit to give your 
Exllcy the Speedy intelligence thereof and desire your favour 
in the like and that a good correspondence may be maintained 
which shall be studiously intended on the part of him who^s 
Your Excllcy's affectionate Friend & humble Servant 

W. S. 
[P. S. A Vessel arrived reports 5 Vessels capt d &c] 

Letter from John March. 

TT , . Pemaquid, March 8 th 1694/5 

Honrod Sir 1 

By the order of the Honr d Liue tnt Gouvener I sent out 

Sheepscot John to speak with these indians and advised him 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 13 

to Eeturn Againe in ten days which he did : and he informeth 
me * * * is an Indian that is com latly from Canada 
and Saith that the french are now npon A desire to Atack 
Eaither dover Exeter or haverhill, but he believeth haverhill : 
we have no other rrnse only this do'. I have sent him out A 
game and he hath promised to Retorn in 13 days and to 
bring som captivs with him. He also saith that»there Eager- 
emet will com with him and com to boston to discors your 
honnors hee saith that all the Indians are to have A meeting 
in About ten days and then he will give me account at large. 

Sir beging your pardon for my boldnes : accounting of it 
my dute to inform your honner and my good naibors what 
danger may be : 

With my most humble Sarvis to your honner Madom 

Saltingsl 11 and all worthy persons and friends : am your moost 

humble Sarvient — 

John March. 

Eec. Mar: 17: 9* at Sat night, ans: 18: do. sent to Maj r 
Vaughan to be sent to Cap 1 March. 



Letter Gov. StoiujJiton to Gov. Fletcher. 

I was favored with yo Ex'cy s 11 th curr* with the inclosed 
Propositions of the Gov r of Canada unto the Five nations and 
their Answer. I render you hearty thanks and am glad to 
perceive that the Indians begin to be sensible of the crafty 
insinuations and false Suggestions of that (lent" and of their 
own danger in case they abandon the English Interests. 

I am well satisfied of your Excy" sedulousness, and stren- 
uous endeavors to lix them and hope your next appearance as 
proposed with the recruits from England will have a good 
Effect and be Influential upon them upon the arrival of the 



11 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Companys designed hither, I shall dispatch such necessary 
orders as are proper to forward them into jour Province And 
shall not be wanting to promote what may be for his Maj tles 
Service and the general security of all their subjects. 

please to know that about six weeks since I sent 
Sheepscot John one of the Indian hostages unto Pemaquid 
(haveing held his son here in custody) with orders to the 
commander there to permit him to speak with the Sachems 
and other principal Indians that they might see he was still 
liveing, notwithstanding they had so basely betrayed and ex- 
posed the lives of him & his companions and so learn from 
them what were the occasions of the Violation of their Sub- 
mission and promises given in writing under their hands and 
seals, and who of them were concerned in ye barbarities & 
murders committed upon their Maj ties Subjects at Oyster 
River and Groton the last Sumer As also to demand the 
Captives, and the delivery of the principal actors in those 
late bloody Tragedys. Accordingly he went forth and re- 
turned again in Ten Days as his promiss was and gave an 
account of his Travails, A copy whereof is inclosed. Some 
of those Villains therein named have sometime since been 
Slain as a just reward of their perndiousness and barbarous 
crueltys. Sheepscot is gone out again to be present at the 
general meeting has engaged to return within a ffortnigh^and 
to bring with him some Captives I am in hopes he may be 
improved to advantage being obliged to be faithful and do the 
best Service He can for the saveing of his two sons and also 
his friends whose lives he is sensible lye at stake. 

I have nothing further worthy of your observation but 
shall embrace all opportunities to communicate what Intelli- 
gence may happen to arrive here of publick concernm 1 — 
I am Your Excys Very humble Servant 

W. S.— 
Boston, March 25 th 1695.— 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



15 



Nams of English Captives Redeemed from Qubek. 



(by Math" Gary 

Cap 1 Joseph Hammond (and 2 

[Names of those out 

Jam 8 Rose, 
Hen y Simpson 
Jam 6 Alexand r 
Josp h Swarton 
M rs Mar tt Stilson 
M rs Mary Plasted 
Histob 1 Goodwin 
Eliz h Tozer 
Sarrah ffargisson 
A beg 11 ffargisson 
Mary Fibs 
Johana Swarton 
Eliz h Smart 
Cisia Brackett 
Madg m Addams 
Mary Cooper 



in Octob r / 95. 

others) Piscataqna 

df Maine omitted.] 

Cascow 

York 

Cascow 

boy Cascow 

Pemeqn d 

York 

Kittrey 

Kittrey 

Kittrey 

Kittrey 

York 

York 

Oyster River 

Oyster River 

York 

York 



Nams of thos Remaining Still in hands of the french at 

Canada. 

Sam 11 York of Cascow 

Sam" Senter Do. 

Abig 11 Willey Oyster River 

Eliz h Willey Oyster River 

Abig 11 Key Kittrey 

Mciiey Addams Do. 

Mary Swarton girl Cascow 

Jam 3 Stittson boy Pemeqnd 



Jn° Stephins 



boy 



pemqnd 



16 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Mary (Marg) Stilson 


gerl 


pemqud 


Katt n Stephens 


Do. 




Sara Davis 


gerll 


Cascow 


Bob 1 Clark 


boy 


York 


Char 18 Trafton 


boy 


York 


Jn° Shiply 


boy 


Oyster River 


Sara Whitt 


gerl 


Do. 


Sam 11 Rand 


boy 


Do. 


Mary Astin 


gerll 


York 


Tho s Baker 


boy 


Cascow 


Geo : Gray 


Do 


Do 


Rich d Nason 


Do 





Letter from Frontenac. 



Je vous sais ce mot en particnlier Monsieur pour vous prier 
un faveur du S r Durand Cap n d'un de nos vaisseaux qui est 
actuellement icy et qui fust Icy a Six ans une prise d'une 
Bastiment appartenant an S r Smith de Boston qui Luy fust 
volaschee par Ledit Durand au moyen d'une Lettre de change 
de Cinq cens Escus qu'il Luy donna Et qui fui par Luy tiree 
sur Le S r Jean Hill Marchand a Londres qui a fait refus de 
L accepter 

II enuoze au S r Bernon estably dans Vostre Colonie une des 
Trois Lettre de change qui Luy fust donnee par Ledit Smith 
pour en retour de Luy Le payment. Vous me firez beaucoup 
de plaisir de fauoriset Led' L* Bernon dans Cette affaire et 
de faire vendre aux Durand pour qui II doit agir La Justice 
qui Luy est deue Je vous en seray oblige, et si vous me voulez 
croire Monsieur vostre tres humble Serviteur 

Frontenac. 
A Quibek Ce 14 Octobre 1695. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 17 

Letter from John Hill. 

Sacoe fals Fort Mary ()cto r y e 28 th 1695 
An Please your IIon r After due Respects these Com to In 
form your Hon rs y e 25 th of this Instant Came a frinch man 
wel A rind & wel supplid with Amunison but can not spak 
English and I have none Can spake frinch and thirefore Can 
not give your hon r an account of his bisnes : but have sent him 
with agard to Maj r frosts In order to be sent to boston to 
your Hon 1 " : I usd him kindly but gave him no opertunetv to 
Know ye strengt of ye fort : I have secured his Arms til I 
have order from your hon r to ye Contrary : 

I sent to your hon r About three weks agon to Intreat Liber- 
ty to Com to boston to Adjust my acc u with ye Comisere: but 
being doutfnl whether It came to your Hon r hand or no: I 
humbly Intreat your lion would grant It this next month: 
I Eemain your Hon r humble Sarvant to Command. 

John Hill 

An please your hon r this underwriten may Inform : that 
Jos hill pendleton fletcher with two horses goeing to Wels 
with ye frinchman above writen got about six miles from ye 
fort going over ye Top of an hill saw an army of white men 
Coming up against & supposd thay had bene English: upon 
which cald to them who comes thire ye enemy answerd sahay : 
our men askt them several times more: what are you If you 
are English men why do not you spake but they gave no 
answer: upon which our men Left ye frinch man and Ried 
for thire Lives ye Enemy fird many guns: but through Gods 
goodness thay got both safe to ye fort ye night following, we 
saw ye Light of thire fires of ye westward side of Sacoe river : 
yeasterday about Ten of ye clock thay Tuck one of our men 
a gun shoot from ye fort and put up thire frinch Cullers and 
fought up two or three ours : but our bullets sune apoynted a 



18 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

new Ensigne for them: and thire Cullers to Retreat: about 
two a'clock: Cam two men with a flag of truce I demanded 
thire bisnis thay answerd Mounsere Capt demanded a sur- 
render of ye fort and that he would give boon quartier : and 
If we would not hee would battalle all night : I told them If 
that ware thire bisnes I should discors them onely with ye 
musels of our guns : upon which thay Returnd and drand of 
down ye Riever : I cannot Tel whare thire ware any Indians 
among them or no : I doe not Judg them to be above one hun- 
dred In number : I Remain your hone r Sarvant to Command 

John Hill 
Novem r 1 st 1695. 



Pettition Cap* Bombasine with Proposal To his Excelance 
Governor Stoten. 

It is humbely to Aquainte your Excellance y l I have been 
thes four years now in Prisone without any hearing, and 
now since y l is a publick peace Amongst all nations — I doe 
not desire any thing as to my Self contrare to ye law of ye 
land, but as to y* which consists w* nature for ye Liberty 
which all men desires is desirable. 

May it yrfor pleas your Excelance yt I may have ye liberty 

to be called befor you w* an Interpretare and I will give you 

y 1 satisfactione y* is deu from a Subject to his Matijs and 

Government wch is Earnestly desired by your poor Pettioner 

who shall ever pray 

Y — 

Proposed 

That a suitable Vessell be forthwith taken up for his Ma ts 
Service And that John Phillips Esq 1 " and Maj. Ja s Converse 
be Desired to undertake a Voyage in such Vessel unto Ken- 
nebeck River to Endeavour Speech with the Indians of that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 19 

Eiver and parts adjacent and to negotiate with them for the 
recovery of our Captives in their hands and to hring them 
to a new Recognition of their submission and Obedience unto 
the Crown of England, agreeable to Instructions to be given 
unto the s d Commissioners by the Commander in Chief with 
the advice of the Council. And that Bombazeen and the two 
other Indians in Prison be sent in the same Vessell; and 
kept safely until such submission be made and all our Cap- 
tives be delivered, and then the s d Indians to be set at liberty. 

[Voted in Council & the House.] 
Nov. ult. 1698. 



The Renewed Submission of the Eastern Indians and Recog- 
nition of their Obedience to the Crown of England. 

Prov. of Massachusetts Bay in New England. 

Whereas divers Sagamores and Chief Captains of all ye 
Indians belonging unto the Several Rivers of Penobscot Ken- 
nebeck Amaras Coggin and Saco parts of the s d Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay within the Sovereignty and power 
of his Most Excellent Ma ty William the Third by the Grace 
of God of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland King 
Defender of ye Faith &c. being assembled together at Fort 
William Henry at Pemaquid the Eleventh day of August In 
the fifth year of the Reign of his said Ma ty and the late Queen 
Mary. Did then and there by their Submission and Agree- 
ments under their hands and seals, for themselves and each 
of them respectively, and in the name and with ye free con- 
sent of all the Indians belonging to the Several Rivers afore- 
said and of all other Indians within the said Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay of and from Merrimack River unto the 
most Easterly bounds of s d Province, lay down their arms. 



20 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

cast themselves upon his said Ma tys Grace and Favour, and 
acknowledged their hearty Subjection and obedience to the 
Crowne of England. And did also solemnly covenant 
promise and agree to and with his Excy S r William Phips 
Kn* then Captain General and Governour in chief in and 
over the afores d Province or Territory on his Said Ma tys be- 
half in Manner following, That is to say, 

1. That at all time and times forever from and after the 
date of the said Submission, they would cease and forbear 
all acts of hostility towards the subjects of the Crown of 
England, and not offer the least hurt or violence to them or 
any of them in their persons or Estates but would thencefor- 
ward hold and maintain peace & constant amity and Friend- 
ship with all the English. 

2. That they would abandon and forsake the French In- 
terest, & would not in any wise adhere to, aid or assist them 
in their Wars or Designes against the English, nor counte- 
nance succour or conceale any of the Enemy Indians of 
Canada, or other places that should happen to come to any 
of their Plantations within the English Territory, but secure 
them if in their power, and deliver them up to the English. 

3. That all the English Captives in the hands or power 
of any of the s d Indians within the Limits afores d should with 
all possible speed be set at liberty and returned home v ithout 
any Kansom or paym 1 to be made or given for them or any 
of them. 

4. That his Ma tys Subjects the English should and might 
peaceably and quietly enter upon, improve and forever enjoy 
all and singular their Eights of Land and former Settlements 
and possessions within the Easterne parts of the s d Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay without any pretensions or claims 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 21 

by them or any other Indians and shall he in no ways 
molested, interrupted or disturbed therein. — 

5. That all Trade and Commerce which thereafter might 
be carried on betwixt the English and the Indians should 
be under such management and Regulations as should be 
Stated by an Act of the General Assembly or as the Gov- 
ernour of the afore sd Province for the time being, with the 
advice and consent of the Council should see cause to direct 
and limit. 

6. That if any controversie or difference at any time 
thereafter happend to arise betwixt any of the English and 
Indians for any real or supposed wrong or injury done on 
one Side or other, no private revenge should be taken by the 
Indian for the same, but proper applications be made to his 
Ma tys Government upon the place for discerning thereof in 
due course of Justice. The s d Indians thereby set them- 
selves to be ruled and governed by his Ma tys Laws & desiring 
to have the benefit of the Same. 

And Whereas notwithstanding the afore sd Submission and 
agreements, the s d Indians belonging to the Rivers afore sd or 
Some of them, through the ill counsel and instigation of the 
French, have perpetrated sundry hostilities against his Ma tys 
Subjects the English and have not delivered and returned 
home several English Captives in their hands, as in the s d 
Submission they covenanted. 

Wherefore We, whose names are hereunto subscribed, 
S;ig;nnores, Captains and Principal men of the Indians be- 
longing ye Rivers of Kennebeck, Amaraa Coggin and Saco 
and parts adjacent being sensible of our great offence and 
Folly in not complying with the afores d Submission and 
agreements and also of the Sufferings & mischiefs that we 
have thereby exposed ourselves unto, Do in all humble and 



22 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

most Submissive manner cast our selves upon his Mat ys mercy 
for the pardon of all our past Rebellion, hostilities and viola- 
tions of our promises praying to be received unto his Ma tyB 
Grace and Protection. And for and on behalf of our selves 
and of all other the Indians belonging to several Rivers and 
places afore sd within the Soveraignty of his Ma ty of great 
Brittain do again acknowledge and profess our hearty and 
sincere obedience unto the Crown of England. And do 
solemnly renew, ratify & confirm all and every of the Articles 
and Agreements contained in the above recited Submission. 

In Testimony whereof, Wee the s d Sagamores, Captains 
and principal men have hereunto set our several markes and 
seales at Casco-bay near Mares point, the Seventh day of 
January In the tenth year of the Reign of his s d Ma ty King 
William the Third 

Annoq Domini 1698-9. — Aboomawax 

( . . . . one line torn . . . . ) 

read over to the Indians that Samson Hegon 

have subscribed the same, and r f Moxus 
the several articles and para- " Turramugwos 
graphs thereof plainly and g Mis Moses 

po 

distinctly interpreted unto S- Wanooson » 

them who said they well and & Wasombamit jn 

thoroughly understood and «* [Omissions, ms. torn] 

agreed to the same and then a Paquarak 

was signed and sealed by § Werenohah in beh ilf of 

them in the presence of us Nataornbamit. 

Jam 8 Converse 

Cyprian Southack 

[others lost by torn ms.] 
[Above is evidently the Original Treaty and Signatures] 

[Ratification of preceeding Treaty by Pennecook Inds. written on the 4th 
page. J 

[Wattanumman George Tohanto, & Mahamisco Sagamores &c. of Inds. of 
Plantatioo & of Pennecook came to Boston to wait on Earl Bellomont and 
made their submission and ratified the Preceeding Articles in similar form, 
Jan. 27, 1099.] 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 22a 



Proclamation by Earl of Bellomont. 

By his Excellency 

Richard Earle of Bellomont 
Captain General and Governor in 
chief of the s d Province &c. 

Proclamation. 

Whereas I have received credible information That some 
evil minded and wicked Emissaries maliciously designing & 
intending to disturb the peace and tranquility of his Ma* 78 
good Subjects within his Ma tys Provinces and Colonies in 
America, have been imployed and industriously endeavoured 
falsely to Suggest and intimate to the Indians of the several 
Plantations within the same, as if his Ma ty had withdrawn 
his protection from them and designed to cut off and utterly 
extirpate them By which lying reports many of the said 
Indians have been abused and put in fear and are said to 
have entered into a Combination and Confederacy, and to be 
drawn together in considerable numbers, threatening a gen- 
eral Insurrection, and in a hostile manner to fall upon his 
Mat ys Subjects ye English 

I have therefore upon a motion from the Assembly now 
serving & by and with the advice and consent of his Mat 78 
Council, thought fit to emit and publish this Proclamation, 
hereby comanding and requiring all his Ma tys loving Subjects 
within this his Ma tys Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
Speedily to endeavour by all opportunities and possible waves 
and means that they can, to undeceive the s d Indians, and to 
inform them of the utter falsehood and untruth of any such 
reports and on the contrary to assure them, as I do hereby 



221) DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

assure them, of his Ma ty8 good inclination and favor, and 
continuing of them under his Protection whilst they demean 
themselves peaceably and remain in their subjection & 
obedience unto his Ma ty and his Government, 

Also requiring all persons to avoid giving any just provoca- 
tion unto any of the Indians or begetting any quarrel with 
them 

However and in the mean time and during the threatened 
danger to be very careful & Vigilant in observing the be- 
haviour and motions of the Indians, and for that purpose to 
keep out Scouts and Espials, and by all due wayes and means 
provide for their own Safety and defence, and by force of 
Arms to repel and resist any hostile attack or Violence which 
the Indians shall attempt to offer or make upon them — 

Given at the Council Chamber in Boston the Fourteenth 
day of March 1699. and in the twelfth year of the Reign of 
our Soveraign Lord William the Third by the Grace of God 
of England, Scotland, France and Ireland Defender of the 
Faith &c 

Bellomont 

By order of his 
Excellency & Council 

Is' Addington Secr y 

God save the King. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 23 

An Act in re Indian Supplies. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

Whereas the Indians in the Eastern parts of this Province 
sometime since in hostility & Rebellion have submitted them- 
selves and recognized their Subjection and obedience to the 
Crown of England have now dependance upon this Govern- 
ment for supplies of Cloathing and other nessaries. To the 
intent therefore that they may be furnished with the same at 
such easy Rates and prices as may oblige them to adhere firm- 
ly to y e English Interest. 

Be it Enacted by his Exllcy the Governour, Council and 
Representatives in General Court assembled and by the 
authority of the same, That Provisions Cloathing and all 
other supplies suitable for a Trade with the s d Indians be 
forthwith & from time to time procured by the Treasurer & 
Receiver General of this Province or such other persons as his 
Exllcy the Gouvernour with the advice & consent of the 
Council shall appoint for that purpose, and be paid for out 
of the publick Treasury of this Province : And that a suffi- 
cient quantity of s d supply be sent and lodged from time to 
time at his Ma tys Fort Mary at Saco, to trade with such In- 
dians as shall come there, and also that a sufficient quantity 
thereof be put on board some suitable Coasting Vessel to be 
taken up for that service and sent therewith to the parts of 
this Province to the Eastward of the s d Fort Mary and at such 
other place or places as the Governour with the advice 
of y 1 Council shall direct & appoint as far as the river at S l 
Georges to trade with such Indians as shall be in those parts. 
And that a sufficient quantity of s d supplies be likewise sent 
unto Dunstable to trade with the Indians of Pennecook and 
parts thereabout that shall come thither. [Adden in Mar- 
gin.] "The Indians who are not to be allowed to come into 
any of the towns upon or near Merrimack River to Trade, 



24 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

but onely to Watanick a place so called within the s d Town- 
ship of Dunstable. And no Trade shall be allowed in the 
county of Hampshire with any Indians." 

And for the better management of the Trade with the In- 
dians Be it further Enacted by the authority afores d , That 
his Exllcy the Governour with the advice & consent of the 
Council do appoint a suitable person or persons to be Truck 
Masters to have the care & Management of the Trade with the 
s d Indians at his Ma tys Fort Mary afores d , on board the Vessel 
to be taken up & sent to the Eastward thereof as before di- 
rected, and at Dunstable afore sd respectively, which Truck 
Masters shall have Instructions given them to sell and dispose 
of such Provisions, Cloathing & supplies as shall be from time 
to time comitted unto them to trade with for the best profit 
& advantage of the publick that they may, so as they be sure 
they undersell the French, and not to sell any strong Liquors 
to the Indians at any time nor to trust them for any consid- 
erable matter, nor to take any considerable pledge of them, 
nor the forfeiture thereof at any time. And the s d Truck 
Masters shall return and deliver unto the Treasurer or such 
other person or persons as shall be appointed as afores d for 
procuring the s d supplies, all such goods skins peltries Cas- 
torium & other skins, as shall be produced or come to their 
hands by the trade with the Indians or in lieu of the goods 
that shall be sold unto them to be by the s d Treasurer or 
other person or persons as afores d sold & disposed to ye best 
advantage And the produce thereof to be laid in in procuring 
such further supplies as there may be occasion 

And the s d Truck Masters shall keep fair accompts of their 
Trade & Dealings with the s d Indians and shall return the 
same from time to time to the Treasurer or other person or 
persons to be appointed for procuring such supplies afores d 

And such Truck Masters shall before they enter upon the 
management of the s d Trade be sworne to be faithful therein 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 25 

& to observe such Instructions as shall be given them by the 
Governour with the advice of the Council from time to time 
and not to trade for any thing with the s d Indians on behalf 
or for accompt of themselves or any other particular person 
or persons. 

And be it further Enacted by the authority afore sd That 
no person or persons whatsoever other than those to be im- 
ployed as Truck Masters as afore sd shall or may presume by 
themselves or any other for them directly or indirectly to 
truck, barter, buy sell deale or trade with any Indian or In- 
dians in any place within this Province to the Eastward of 
Pascataqua River, or in any other place or places on or near 
Merrimack River or Nashaway River, on pain that every per- 
son or persons so trading shall forfeit the sum of Fifty 
pounds, and all such Goods as he or they shall have been 
trading with or for and the Vessel or Vessels such person or 
persons shall have been trading with or in, or the Value 
thereof. One Moiety of the s d forfeitures to be unto his Ma ty 
to be laid out in procuring supplies to trade with the s d In- 
dians on account of the Province and the other moiety to him 
or them that shall inform & sue for the same in any of his 
Ma tys courts within this Province that shall have cognizance 
thereof. 

And the Commander or Truck Master on board the (any) 
Vessel to be improved as afore sd for trading with the Indians 
to the Eastward of Fort Mary at Saco afores d shall be and 
hereby is impowered to seize any Vessel or Vessels that shall 
have been trading with y e Indians it shall afterwards met by 
him and shall send such Vessel or Vessels into some Port in 
order to Tryal. 

[Here :i paragraph respecting making presents to Eastern Inds. seems to 
have been stricken out.] 

And all persons that shall be employed as Truckmasters or 
otherwise relating to the s d Trade with the Indians shall have 



26 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& receive such salary or allowance for their service therein as 

the Governour & Council shall order and appoint. 

Provided this Act shall continue in force for one whole 

year and to the end of the session of the General Assembly 

next after and no longer. — 

Read, &c. passed & sent up July 14, 1699. 

Agreed to and passed to be engrossed 

Jam 3 Converse 

Speaker 

Memorial of Sagamores. 

To his Excellency Richard Earle of Bellemont Cap 1 Gen. 
[&c &c] 

A memorial humbly presented by Tom Sabaccoman other- 
wise called Scanbeouyt, Sam, otherwise Sasumick & Sampson 
otherwise Schadoock, Messengers from the Sagamores and 
other principal Indians belonging to the several Forts and 
Plantations of Norridgawack, ISTaracamegock and Amaras- 
conteog, within the Eastern parts of his Ma tys Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay aforesaid 

May it please your Excellency 

The Sagamores and other Indians of the Eastern parts of 
the s d Province of the Massachusetts Bay being given to ex- 
pect that your Lord p would Visit that part of your Governm* 
soon after your arrival, a considerable number of them were 
accordingly got there together to the seaside near the mouth 
of Kennebeck River to attend your Lord pp and stayed there 
some time But afterwards receiving a Signification from 
Cap 1 John Hill of your Lord ps pleasure that some of the prin- 
cipal of the s d Indians should wayt upon your Ex cy either at 
Piscataqua or Boston, a general meeting was call' of all the 
s d Indians, and upon Solemn debate had, ourselves were ap- 
pointed & ordered to be sent as Messengers from the s d As- 
sembly to attend your Ex cy & have made what dispatch we 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 27 

possibly could, and are instructed to speak in all their names, 
to give their Service -and hid Great Governour welcome, and 
that they are glad peace is made between the English & them 
and they send us further to confirme & make strong the same. 

They say all good heart, and that King William English- 
mans King is their King and they invite and desire English 
men to make Settlement at Pemequid, Sheepscott, Arowsick 
Xewtown Casco bay & in all other places as heretofore from 
Piscataqua river all Eastward, and to return to their former 
rights of Lands possessions and improvements in those parts 
and that all Fishermen improve and enjoy the Fishery and 
rights of y e shore for making their fish as they have been 
anciently accustomed. And that a Free Trade may be settled 
in the English Plantations within those parts under due 
regulations as Governour shall order. And we do in the 
name and behalf of all the s d Sagamores and Indians forever 
renounce all claim challenge or pretension whatsoever to any 
of the Lands Rights members and Appur ces thereof, Islands 
Islets Shoars Beaches and Fishery within or belonging to all 
and every of the former Settlements and proprieties of ye 
English and do ratify and confirm all former releases and 
quitclaims executed by the s d Indians for the same, Saveing 
unto the s d Indians their own planting grounds up in the 
Countrey, and free liberty of hunting fishing and fowling in 
those parts as formerly, and liberty to build wigwams as 
formerly for their shelter where they may make a stay for any 
time and to make use of firewood from off any unimproved 
Lands as their needs may require. 

And we do further in the name & behalf of all ye Saga- 
mores and Indians of the s d Eastern parts solemnly protest 
promise and engage that they will for ever hold and continue 
in their duty and allegiance to y e Crown of England, and 
maintain and keep an inviolable peace friendship and neigh- 
bourly Correspondence with all the English. And we do 



28 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

likewise promise and engage that with all possible Speed 
that may be after our returne home all the English Captives 
remaining in the hands of Indians shall be safely sent con- 
veyed and delivered up unto Cap 1 John Hill at his Ma tys Fort 
on Saco River. 

As to the Trade we desire that the Goods may be prin- 
cipally Broad Cloths Stamcls, Pennistone Gingerlins holland 
Shirts, all good and Strong. 

\\e shall be willing to give a price proportionable. 
And we desire that John Hornebrook may settle as a Lin- 
quist at the Trading house at Newtown and some other Lin- 
quists at the other Trading houses which will be beneficial 
to promote the Trade. 

Thus praying your Lord ps favorable acceptance of the Sub- 
mission and proposals made in the name and behalfe of the 
Eastern Indians (which we assure yo r Ex cy will be held firme 
and be inviolably observed by y m and that they will at all 
times manifest their Loyal Subjection unto his Ma ty King 
William, and his Ma tys Government of this his Province) we 
request your Lord ps Leave for our return home, and what 
your Lord ps of your noble bounty shall please to bestow upon 
us we shall thankfully receive, and imploy it according to 
your Ex cllys directions and are 

Your Exc llys most humble and most obediunt Servants, 

Scanbeouyt 
Sasumick 

Sampson als Schadook 
Boston, September 8 th 1699. 
[Certified by witnesses, 

interpreters and Secretary 

Jam 3 Converse Is. Addington Sec. 

John Hill 

John Hornebrook 

[Another document, — similar engagements, some omissions and additions, 
but of same general purport was signed and witnessed on same day.] 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 29 

Resolve in re Eastern Indians. 

In Order to the Setting of the Eastern Indians under 
Obedience to his Majesty. Resolved 

That it's highly necessary speedily to procure and send 
three able Learned Orthodox Ministers to have their resi- 
dence among the said Indians and the Indians on Merrimack 
River at such places as the Governor or Comander-in-chief 
by and with the Advice & Consent of the Council shall think 
fit to appoint, to Instruct them in the true Christian Religion. 

That the said Ministers be allowed & paid the sum of one 
hundred and Twenty pounds p anum Each for their Encour- 
agement and Support. 

That they be strictly prohibited from Trading with the 
Indians, or receiving anything from them, more than for 
their present accomodation. And that they be advised to 
invite them to embrace the true Christian Religion by extend- 
ing charity to them from time to time as occasion may 
present. 

That the Hon bIe Gentlemen Agents of the Corporation for 
Propagating the Gospel amongst y e Indians be applied unto 
That the said yearly allowance to the Ministers so Imployed, 
or the greater part there of may be advanced and paid out 
of the Stock under their Management, and the profits thereof: 
And that they would improve their Interest in the Corpora- 
tion for the obtaining of larger allowance towards the carry- 
ing on of said worke. 

That the neighbouring Provinces & Colonys be applyed 
unto and excited to joyne their assistance in carrying on so 
necessary and pious a worke. 

That a Trading house with a sutable Fortification be 
oiected in such place in Casco Ray where the Governour or 
Commander in Chief with the Advice and consent of the 
Council shall think most proper. 



30 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That a Smith be kept at the s d Trading house and that the 
Indians have their Fire armes & Hatchets amended and re- 
paired from time to time at a reasonable charge. 

That the sum of three hundred pounds be advanced and 
paid out of the Public Treasury of the Province for and 
towards the building s d Fortification and Trading house. 

That the Government do support the whole charge of the 
carrying on and maintaining of what is herein before pro- 
posed and directed over and above such Assistance as shall 
be obtained from the neighbouring Governments, and the 
Hon bIe the Corporation for the Indian Affair. 

That his Excell cy be humbly prayed to Endeavour that the 
like care and Provision may be had and made for the Indians 
within the Province of New Yorke under his Lord ps Govern- 
ment for the supplying of them with able Learned Ministry 
and otherwise as herein is proposed. 
June 21, 1700.— Head, &c, } 

and concurred July 8 th \ 



In re Abuses to Indians and Lands. 

Complaint of well-disposed Indians of English exactions 
and oppressions, in inducing them to bind themselves, or 
children as Servants, in payment of small debts. 

Enacted, all such Contracts void unless approved by a jus- 
tice of the peace: justices also are directed to regulate past 
unreasonable contracts. — 

Respecting lands, it was enacted — 

That all Bargains sales Gifts or Leases of any Lands ap- 
propriated by the Government to the particular use of the 
Indians, heretofore made by any person or persons whatso- 
ever or that shall hereafter be made accepted or taken without 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 31 

License first had or confirmation thereof granted by or from 
the General Court, shall be and hereby are vacated and de- 
clared to be utterly void & of none effect as if any such pur- 
chase Gift or Lease had never been made accepted or taken 
any Law custom or usage to the contrary in any wise not- 
withstanding. 

[ Enacted — House & Council — June 19, July 2, 4, 1700] 

An Act of same tenor as the above, but more comprehensive 
and particular, and especially touching lands eastward of 
Piscataqua river was passed on June 25, 1701. — 



Message of Indians, and Answers of Council. 

At the Council Chamber in Boston, upon Saturday the 27 th 

of December 1701. 
Present. 

Wail Winthrop Elisha Cook Elisha Hutchinson 
Peter Sergeant John Walley E m Hutchinson 
Samuel Sewall Penn Townsend, John Foster 

Nathan 1 By field, Isaac Addington Esq rs 

The Message sent by the Eastern Indians to the Govern- 
ment of his Majesties Province of the Massachusetts Bay by 
Eight Indians who arrived this day and delivered the same 
by Joseph Beane Interpreter. 

And the Answers made by the Council to several proposi- 
tions of the Indians: upon Monday the 29 th of the said month 
of December when besides the Members of the Council above- 
named, there were also present James Bussell, John Phillips, 
and Joseph Lynde Esq" 

The Principal of the Indians were Sampson Hegin Mes- 
senger from Adeawando and Maddagonesstt Sagamores of 



oZ DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Arrocomecoog. Capt. Samuel Messenger from Wesaumke- 
met Sagamore of Amasakuntick, Capt Bomazun and Skan- 
wenes messengers from Toxis a? Moxus, Sagamore of 
Norridgawog. Nittaumemit and Peaw, Messengers from 
Wenungonot and Squadock Sagamores of Penobscott. 

Sampson Hegin Speaker in the name of the Rest Addressed 
himself in manner following. Viz 1 

In times of Peace, Friends use to discourse with one 
another. 

Ans r We take it kindley 

Now we are come into your presence. We are glad to see 
you well. 

Ans r We bid you welcome. 

The Indians have sent us to make a path from Merrymeet- 
ing to this place, and then presented a Belt of Wampum 
which he stretched out fairly at Length on the Floor, saying 
we have made the Path fair & smooth as this Belt of 
Wampum. 

Ans r We will on our part keep the Path of intercourse be- 
twixt us and you fair and smooth. 

We make this Path that we may have news pass between 
us to hear how things go. 

Ans r As we expect to hear from you If anything happen 
that shall concern the Public peace so as there shall be occa- 
sion, we shall communicate Intelligences to you. 

We are much beholding to your Hono r for what you have 
of late considered us. And then said Sampson tooke a pack 
of Beaver from another Indian, held the same in his hand 
and said, What we now say and do proceeds from our hearts. 

If there should happen to be War between England and 
France we would have all calm and quiet in this Land. 

If there should be War between England and France we 
would not have it affect us. Then laid down the pack of 
Beaver containing Ten Skins. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 33 

Ans. We observe the Answer you gave to our Com- 
mission rs upon this Subject, when they were Eastward the 
last spring, and expect you hold firm to that. And so long 
as you continue peaceable and quiet we shall do the like on 
our part ; you not giveing succour or countenance to our 
enemies when we shall have any such. 

The things we have mentioned are those with which we 
are sent to your Hono rs and pray you to accept and take up 
our Letters Viz 1 the Belt and Beavers. 

Ans r We take up your Letters and Accept your Present 
in Acknowledgement of our late considering you, And take it 
(as you say) That you are sent by the Sagamores. 

Having Peace and quietness We discourse with freedom 

Ans r We allow of you free discourse, It being now peace. 

We pray your Hono r to send two sloops with Blankets and 
Provisions That we may have supplies for our money, having 
many skins to trade — and mentioned several particulars. 
Sampson Sheepscot Johns son said there are several Indians 
a little beyond Penobscot that have 800 beaver skins they 
would fain Trade and if your Hono rs will send Goods I will 
stay by them and take care of them till they are all sold. 

Ans r As to the supplies you propose for Trade, We shall 
gratify you therein, and send with all possible Speed, if the 
weather prevent not, And forasmuch as you say the Fort at 
Casco is at present bare of supplies. We shall forthwith 
furnish the same: And also at your desier for accomodating 
of the Penobscot Indians, will order the Vessell to go as far 
as Pemaquid or New-Harbour. 

Sampson Sheepscot Johns Son, desired there might be sent 
for Trade with the Penobscot Indians, Kettles, Hatchetts, 
Sword blades, Corn, Meale, Pease, Suffils, Broadcloth, Penni- 
stone, Coats, Shirts, Shot, Powder, a barrel of Molasses and 
six barrels of Apples. 



34 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Bomazeen and Skanwenes said they were for Norridgawog 
& Desired Supplies of Corne, Meale, White Blankets, white 
Stockin cloth, red pennistone, Shirts, Dussils, Hatchets 
Kettles, Duck Shot and Powder. And being asked what 
quantity of Powder, They answered two barrels. 

After a short pause, and the Indians Discoursing one an- 
other They said haveing further considered, We think two 
barrels of Powder too little and desire four, two for each 
place, and as much shot as can be shot away with the Powder, 
and some blew Broadcloth, Tobacco, Scissors, Needles, and 
Thread. 

Sampson Hegin further said, it is within five days of the 
time That our Sagamores expect us, we are willing therefore 
to go with the Vessells which carry the Supplies, We found 
the way further than we Expected. 

It was proposed to them, If they had anything further to 
say? 

Sampson Hegin Answered, after some pause, We thank 
you for your Kindness to us since we came to Town, and are 
glad we have this opportunity of expressing the same. And 
making another pause further said, That as to the Articles 
made the last spring with the Gentlemen sent from hence we 
will keep them in our hearts and minds as Jong as we live. 

An sr As long as you hold firm those Articles on your part 
we shall do the like on ours. 

Then Wait Winthrop Esq r delivered to each of them a 
white shirt and a Blanket, And again declared to them that 
supplies should be sent them as soon as could be, withal in- 
forming them that Goods were now dearer then at some other 
times and that the price of Beaver is much fal'n: directing 
them to get as many Moose hides, bear Skins and small furs 
as they could 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 35 

Sampson Hegin said, Now the Country will all see That 
the Peace is more strong. — 

Then the said Indians were dismist. — 

Is a c Addington, Secry. 



Notes of a Conference at New Harbor with the Truchmaster. 

First. Wee Sagamores and chief Captains of all the In- 
dians belonging unto the Several Rivers of Penobscott and as 
far Estward as the River of S l Johns are come on board to 
confarme what our two Indians men have saved to the great 
Council of Boston and what they Promised wee all stand to 
Wee are hartley sorrey that wee Put awaye the best of our 
Goods for Provision that came in Catch and Shallop from 
Pascattaway but we ware forct to Doe itt or Ells we must 
starve for we thought itt in Posable for a Vissell to come from 
boston the weather sett in soe hard and our two Indians in- 
formed us the Vessell was frozenn up att boston. 

Answer. The Great Council of boston have sent mee to 
You Sagamores and Chief Captains, to no what more you have 
to saye by Reson Your two men that you sent to Boston De- 
sired that their might be a man of noat sent with the Vissell 
that brought the supply es. 

Secondly Wee Sagamores and Chief Captains of Indians 
of Penobscott and Estward as far as the River of S l Johns 
Did give such orders to our two Indian men and wee sent to 
Boston and we are glad you are Com. Wee Sagamores and 
Chief Captains Doe for Ourslfes and in the behalfe of all Our 
Indians : Desier the Great Council of boston would bueld a 
Tradeing house heare at New Ilarber for it is a great waye for 
us to Goe to Casco Tradeing house for Trade and whenn wee 
come their Kenneback Indians have Traded for all the best 
Goods and we must take what they Leve and not have what 



36 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

wee want and in such hard Winter as this wee cann not gett 
their, but if the Great Council of boston will bneld us a 
Tradeing house hear wee Desier they would send us a Good 
Gunn Smith and a man to make Gunn Kokes and wee will 
Pave them Very well for what woorke they Doe for us. By 
Reson If the Kenneback Indians carry a Gunn to Casco fort 
to bee Mended itt Lyes soe long befor mended theirfore wee 
Heather Pay for mending Our Gunns : and wee Desier what 
Goods is sent to us Lett them bee very Good of their Soartes. 

Answer. If Great Council of Boston should give Orders 
to bueld a Tradeing house at New Harbor and furnish you 
with all you Desier in the second Article and this spring King 
William make war with franch King thenn comes the Indians 
from Cape Sables and Menness and Sheenector and takes this 
house and Goods or a franch Vissell Comes and takes itt. 

Thirdly If our Father King William make war with the 
franch King wee Desier to keep Our Selves free and not to 
be under the Command of any for wee have sufred a Great 
Deal in being Miss Lead this last war theirfore wee Desier 
the great Council of boston to send us the newes whenn War 
thenn wee shall have time anoufe to tell the Cape Sable In- 
dians and Menness Indians and Shunector Indians or aney 
franch Vissell : that this House is Ours for we had it bueltt 
for us Sagamores and Chife Captaines of all the Indians be- 
longing to Penobscott and as far Estward as River S" Johns 
for to suppley us and Our Indians with what wee want and 
you have Noutting to saye to yett and if at aney Time wee 
should hear newes from franch men or Cape Sable Indians 
or aney other Indians wee send newes to the Great Council of 
boston as fast as Posable. 

Answer. If at aney Time aney Damage be Don Upon any 
Indian belonging to you by a English man the Great Council 
of boston will make Enquiry into the Matters and If hee be- 
longs to them they will Endeaver to do you Justice. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37 

Fourethly And if any Damage be Don upon the English 
by aney Indian that may Pertend to belong to Penobscott or 
as far as S" Johns River wee Desier that the Great Council 
of boston would not believe itt till they have sent to us to !No 
the Truath and If they belong to us wee will Do Justice for 
If wee should not we should all become guilty. 

Answer. You have one Captive woomen amoung you at 
Penobscott which the Great Council of boston Desier you to 
Return by Reson all Prosnors are cleared when the Peace was 
maied beetwine King William and franch King. 

Fifely. Shee is at Penobscott and wee cami not Gett her 
now but whenn you come in the spring you shall have her 
But when Maj : Conrefs and Mr. Alldon was Last at Penob- 
scott they Promised us to send for our chield in England 
which wee all soe much Desier to see and If he bee not will- 
ing to stave with us he shall have his Lebety to Goe home 
againe soe that wee cami but see him thenn wee will endeavor 
to Redeem your Captives Either hear or Elsewhere. And 
what wee have now sayed wee Resolve to stand to and itt Comes 
from our very heartes that in Confirmation of our Good 
Agreemants for Ever wee Due all take you by the hand. 

The Answers of the Indians to Severall Proposalls I made 
to them att Xew Harber February the 29 : 1701. 

The Names of the Cheif Sachemes their Weenognett of 
Penobscott and S" Johns Squadduck of Ditto. 
Weeomoghogmett, Enockquead 

Manensek Cesboweawashed } of Penobscott. 

Pemmehes J 

Treaty of Eastern Indians. 

Portsmouth, 11 th July 1713. 
Att a meeting with the Delegates of the Eastern Indians 
in order to a Pacification. 



38 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Present 
The Council of the 

Massachusetts 
Jonathan Carwin 
Jn° Higginson 
Thorn 5 Noise 
Jno Appleton 
Sam 1 Appleton 
Iehabod Plaisted 
Jno Wheelwright 
Benj m Linde 



his Excellency the Govern 1 " 
The Province of 
New Hamshire 
W m Vaughan 
Peter Coffin 
Robert Elliott 
Nathan 11 Wear 
Sam 11 Penhallow 
Jno Plaisted 
Mark Hunking 
Jno Wentworth 



Delegates from the Indians 



Kirebenuit 

Ileansis 

Jackoit 

Josep | 

Ineas \ S* Johns 

Warracansit 

Wadaranaquin 

Bummaseen 



l 

\ Penobscut 

J 



} Kennebeck 

J 



Sachems of the Indians. 

Capt n Moody my officer at Casco fortt gave me notice some 
time since that you desired to speak with me to which I con- 
sented being willing to take your accompt of the breach be- 
tween us in the late Warr and at your earnest Desire to enter 
upon a treaty of Pacification and therefore you now see me 
here attended by the Gentlemen of her Majesties Councill of 
the Provinces of the Massachusetts and New Hampshire 
And I am incouraged to give you liberty to speak freely to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39 

me because I see some Amongst you with whome I have had 
formerly a friendship. 

Since my coming hither Capt n Moody has acquainted me 
that you have delivered at Casco fort three English Prisoners 
which I some time since had demanded of you without any 
expectation of ransom and at the same time assured him that 
you had no more of her Majesties subjects in your keeping 
which I take well at your hands. 

I have now to acquaint you that the last year one of my 
Sloops of Warr took fiveteen men of your Tribes whome I have 
till lately restrained in her Majesties Castle at Boston nine 
of whome I sent home to Cape Sables about ten months since 
and the last week the other six to Anapolis there to be set at 
liberty which was their own desire and the reason why you 
see them not here. 

Your haveing given me in a List of your names and places 
from whence you come assured me that you were delegated 
by your several Tribes. I shall treat you as such and proceed 
accordingly. 

I have ordered Quarters and Entertainment for you in this 
town and commanded all her Majesties subjects to treat you 
with due respect during your attending me here. 

I allowed Capt Moody to give you Assurance that you shall 
be under no restraint here but that however the matter ended 
you should be restored from whence you came in the Sloop 
which I sent for you. And in the mean time you shall have 
liberty to attend me every day 

Province of New Hampshire \ 
in New England. \ 

Portsmouth the 13 July 1713. 
Gentlemen, — 

You all remember where wee left off on Saturday. Wee 
received these Indians from the Sachems & body of those that 



40 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

lives in the Eastern parts as farr as Saint Johns wee re- 
ceived them to treat with ns from those places and people and 
to show all their submission to me as her Majesty's Deputy 
& Governor here. 

Wee took their names and the Tribes they belong to with 
the Sachems names and take it that they were sent hither 
from them, and doe rest in it that they have full power and 
accordingly I expect that as Messengers and plenipotentiaries 
they will treat with me for a long and lasting Cessation of 
arms and pacification with them for time to come. 

I must proceed thus: I must first tell them their past 
faults and take their promises for better managing and shall 
proceed to acquaint what must be for the future and this I 
shall doe not to aggravate or raise any displeasure but make 
them more capable to be reconciled; I shall by and by tell 
them of their faults but it is to make friendship as a farther 
Chides his Children; out of ffriendship and respect to them 
I come to doe it. 

These papers in my hands containes Seven Treaties. The 
first of them they made with S r William Phipps and broke it 
The next they made with the Council of Boston M r Stough- 
ton then Liuetenant Governor and broke it The next they 
made with the Earle of Bellomont & broke it Two Treaties 
they have made with me & broek them All those Treaties 
that they have thus made with the Government of the Crown 
of England in these provinces they must be forgotten and put 
away and must mend all their faults which I have repeated 
with their good manners and steady behaviour towards all 
Her Majesties Subjects for the future. 

They were asked whither they were willing to proceed in 
this manner with Articles and put away all those Breaches 
and faults and come into a State of ffriendship for ever. 

Answered. They would be glad to put them away with all 
their hearts and very joyful to hear his Excellencys proposal 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 41 

which he had mentioned and said that they were very good 
and Extraordinary and ffair and hoped that it would be a 
Xew Land and that all things would become new with them 
and that they were all willing to come to waite upon his Ex- 
cellency when the Sachems desired them with free willing 
hearts. 

Governour asked them if they all said soe he was but one 
that spoke. Answer, He spoke for himself and his Brethren 
that stood by him were all of the same mind; we wish and 
hope that the Gov nt over us and the Earth will stand ffirm 
and strong under us that the peace made may be lasting. 

Govern 1- Tell them they have well Said 

Govern 1 " Ask them what method shall be taken to make 
the Cessation and pacification strong that they may noe more 
be broken, they must speak the truth in Sincerity; I shall 
soon be brought into a beliefe of them, But it will be the hard- 
est thing to perswade the Queen of Great Britian to take them 
into ffriendship for that her Subjects have been hardly dealt 
with by their ill treatment in breach of all those Articles and 
Covenants which I showed them just now. — They may see 
now at their leizure how Great and Superior the Arms of the 
Queen of Great Britian are to the ifrench Kings, they may 
always perceive it and I shall recite them. 

In former Warrs twenty or thirty years ago what Lands 
and ffortifications wee then took from the fTrench King wee 
returned them againe, but now all that we have got from him, 
wee hold it, And alsoe some things we demanded of Him 
which we had not taken And those he has surrendered to Her 
Majestie. We have taken Port Royal and we keep it, We 
demanded Nienis and Seneclica and all Cape Sables and he 
hath given it us, and all the Settlements of Placentia and S c 



42 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Peters in New ffoundland is ours and our Soldjers are now 
entering in and taking possession thereof Noe more fTrench 
are to live in those places unless they becom Subjects to the 
Crown of Great Britian. 

Tell them they cann have noe friendship with the ffrench 
short of Quebec but upon their good behaviour they may have 
good men of the English Nation to live with them and supply 
them for the future. 

They all well know how Equally and Justly they have been 
Treated by the English in their Trade haveing had goods at 
cheap prices ; If they proceed with me to conclude this Treaty 
I shall Order Trading Houses for them where I shall order 
such persons of Credit to reside and I will Answer for their 
ffriendship and Capacity at all times, but they must always 
take care that they doe not entertain any Trade with ffishing 
men sloops Boats &c for they are poor mean men and some 
evil will happen which I cannot answer 

I shall discourse them further in the afternoon and in the 
mean time shall prepare Articles for them ready to be Signed 
to Morrow and shall return them in the same fform to carry 
by the hands of two Gentlemen who shall goe along with them 
and distinctly read the Articles to all their Brethren Indians 
at the Eastward. 

The Indians with abundance of good Manners Answered 
they were well pleased and liked it Extraordinary They ac- 
quainted his Excellency they had brought him a little letter 
which was sent to him Eight Beavers. 

Then they desired to speak a flew words in thanks to his 
Excellency for his Great and Good Expressions to them and 
soe danced and sang two songs takeing Several of the Gentle- 
men by the hand one after another in the time of dancing 
and when they left oft. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 43 

They said they had Expressed their Love and Joy to his 
Excellency and all the Honorable Gentlemen as her Majesty 
Queen Anne's Servants. 

Adj d till four a Clock post meredien. 

Portsmouth the 14 th July 1713. 
[Opening Entry and names of officials as in previous session] 



His Excellency to the Indians. 

I hope you remember how far we proceeded yesterday, I 
shewed you the Articles and Agreements that you had made 
and broken ; which you very well remembered when you saw 
them. 

I was very well pleased to see how sensible you were that 
you have broken those several Contracts and Articles without 
reason ; And I was Glad of the Assurance that you gave by 
your Expressions that this should be an Everlasting peace 
And I labour to perswade myselfe to believe and Depend 
upon it. 

Since you have gone so far with me in your duty, I will 
shew you that the Government is now coming to meet you, 
And I Do declare that I will restore you to your former State 
and to the benefit of those Articles with Her Majestys Leave 
and favour. 

I shall proceed to read the Articles to you take your Sub- 
jection and your hands to them as formerly and shall appoint 
Commissioners from this Board of Her Majesty & Council of 
both Provinces to proceed to Casco Bay and Publish the 
Articles there. 

When the Indians there come to hear the Articles they will 
see that I have taken care to confine them at Saco River that 
they come no nearer and it is necessary that they should 



44 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

joyne their consent in the Articles with their brethren and 
Sachems of their Tribes and to let all the Tribes know them 
for it is so lately that they have done Mischief that its neces- 
sary to keep oft that they may be cool ; And in the meantime 
there shall be all things needful at Casco and Saco. It is not 
to stir them to any displeasure but to quiet the English. 
People that it be so directed, nor is it to restrain them from 
coming on this side Saco to the Hunting places but that they 
keep at a Distance from the English at present. 

Qu : Gyles In : Do they remember everything now ? 

An a. They hope they shall within a few months have re- 
pose and quietness between us and their Allies and the kind 
people will bring them to Quietness and Kind Affections one 
to another. It must have time to cool when the Iron doth 
lye a great while in the ffire : It must have time to cool. 

Qu : Where do they suppose that the Indians are the Com- 
pany that we can speak with at Casco Bay ? 

Ans : They are at Casco. 

Qu : How are they to be drawn together ? 

Ans : By fireing a great Gun. They may come in in one 
day ; They say that the Indians that are at Saco a fishing if 
they should see them pass by it would bring 'em down to the 
fort. 

His Excellency : The Gentlemen of the Commissioners of 
the Queens Council must not tarry there forty eight hour's 
and tell them that we take their men to be sufficiently Quali- 
fied to make peace with me ; But it is necessary that the people 
should understand it. So I treated them in the years 1702 
and 1703. That they might not forget, I treated with the 
Sachems and all the People. 

If they have anything to say Let them now speak. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 45 

Gyles. The Indians speak what his Excellency has said 
all his people round him are Satisfied y* They were led by all 
the Sachems of the Several Languages round them and what 
they say they will consent to ; He saith that all the Tribes and 
ffamilys & their two Sachems that if you please to send some 
of the Council there It would be all one as if your Excellency 
were there present. We were sent and ordered to see much 
but to keep it in our hearts to speak when we came to them. 
They do not object against it but submit to it with all free- 
dom. They have brought a small matter, Each of them a 
skin to buy some Nick nacks with it. 
His Excellency 

Gyles do you write down upon a piece of paper what they 
would have and I will send Gentlemen with them & Tell them 
nfter the Treaty they shall walk the Town and buy what the 
please 

After the Indians being cloathed They addressed them- 
selves to his Excellency with their thanks and said what we 
have heard we will keep it in our hearts to spread it abroad 
among our People 

A Journal of Commissioners at Portsmouth. 

A Journal! of Proceedings of the Commissioners appointed 
by his Excellency the Governour to publish to the Indian 
Sachems and their People att Casco a Treaty and Pacification 
made by his Excellency with their Delegates att Portsmouth 
Now Hampshire the 13 ,h of July 1713. 

Wednesday the 15 th of July the Commissioners Viz' — 
John Wheelwright Esq r -John Went worth Esq r 

Coll: Kedknap Coll: Geo: Vaughn 

Coll: Phips W Geo: Jaffry 

for the Massachusetts for New Hampshire 

went from Portsmouth to New Castle where they lay that 



46 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Night and the next morning three of the clock embarked in 
the Country's Sloop Cap* Rob 1 Carver, who fired a Gun for 
sailing 

Att our going out the Castle and an English Ship in the 
Road Saluted us which wee returned ; att three in the after- 
noon Wee were off Saco, fired three Guns as a Signall to the 
Indians to repair to Casco, the Fort fired one Gun. Wee 
then proceeded and arrived at Portland at twelve a clock that 
night, and fired a Gun as a farther Signall to the Indians in 
that Bay to assemble: The next morning early a Cannoa 
with Four Indians came on board us to see their Brethren, 
Wee immediately sent away Two of the Indians who were 
with us, with one of them to give the Rest, who they told us 
were in the Islands about Casco, Intelligence of our Arrival. 
Wee then left the sloop with the Discharge of the Guns and 
were received att the Fort with the like Complement. Soon 
after the Indians disimbarqued, Wee sent for them to the 
Fort they being set wee told 'em Gent 1 " his Excellency the 
Governor in his Conference with you promised that by the 
Blessing of God, He would set you down safe att Casco to y r 
Principales and People, which is now performed 2. You 
promised you would lay up all the Terms of Pacification in 
your Hearts, and att your Return declare them to your 
Tribes, and make 'em Sensible of your Submission to the 
Queen of Great Britian, and of the Governours Reception of 
you and your People to his Favour, which wee now exspect 
is done. 3 Wee doubt not of the Readiness of your Saga- 
mores to meet us, that we may publish the Articles of Pacifi- 
cation to them and their People. 4. Wee desire you to 
repair to 'em and inform 'em, that wee exspect their coming 
together with all Readiness, that wee may publish the Terms 
of your Reception to the Governours Friendship and Favour. 

To all which they answered; that they were very sensible 
of and thankfull for the Governour's great Favour, and that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 47 

they would repair to their People and with all Expedition re- 
turn and inform when they were all come together 

The next Day They all assembled to the Number of 
about One Hundred and Eighty Men, the Women and 
Children at a Distance made up about Four hundred and 
Sixty. They sent Two Messengers to the Fort, and we ap- 
pointed to meet 'em about Pistoll shot from the Fort, where 
we erected a Booth for our Selves and placed Forms for their 
Sagamores and Principal] men to set on, who being assembled 
att the Place appointed, wee went out and seated our Selves 
and were received with much Respect. Wee then proceeded : 
Gent: Wee suppose your Sagamores and Principal men are 
here, Wee desire you would make yo r Sagamores known to us 
by Name which were as follows, — 

Moxus of Kennebeck 

Wunungonet Penobscot 

JSTudagumboin Penobscot 

Teramaugous Kenebeck 

Suragonet Amoscoggin 

Pierre S l Johns 

Gent" 1 There has been a long Difference between the Eng- 
lish and Indians and you have addressed Govern' for Pacific- 
cation : He is pleased (by us) to see you here on this 
Occasion, and wee shall further acquaint you with out- 
Business 

To which Terranaugons their Orator one of the Sagamores 
of Kennebeck answered that they were well satisfied and it 
was the same as if the Governour was there himself 

Wee then proceeded — The Governour had considered 
your address and upon your Submission did order Cap 1 
Moody to inform you of it and gave you leave to meet him 
att Piscataqua You chose several Gent"' who waited on the 
Govern 1 and further prayed his Excellencys Favor who was 
willing notwithstanding former Breaches to receive you as 



48 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

her Majesty's good Subjects and yet to exsperience your good 
Behaviour. Wee doubt not but your Delegates have given 
you full information of the whole affair to your great Satis- 
faction, to which They answered, They were entirely satisfied. 

Wee then proceeded. Wee are appointed by the Gover 1 * to 
publish the Articles of Pacification which your agents have 
desired and Submitted to. Wee are willing to give you full 
intelligence of the whole Proceeding and would have you 
notify your People the end of our coming Viz 1 to publish the 
Pacification. 

We then proceeded to read the Articles which were delib- 
erately interpreted to them by Lieutenant Bean After they 
were read ; Wee proceeded : — 

Gen* We doubt not but what is done is to j T Satisfaction. 
They answered, They readily submitted thereto ; then we told 
'em there was something that we would further mention to 
them, and caution them against Viz 1 " going to Fishermen and 
trading with them, They are generally poor mean People and 
there may happen ill consequences which the Governour 
would not answer for 2. Wee would not have you presently 
go among our Inhabitants for the People have been angry and 
their Blood heated and They must have time to cool but in a 
little Time wee shall all be good Friends, and this we tell you 
that you may understand that Article of your keep g on the 
northerly side of Saco River att a Distance from any Settle- 
ments. If you have anything to say to the Gover 11 wee shall 
take care to acquaint him with it. 

They then answered, Your Honours are kind Gent™ and 
therefore wee came to meet you. When we heard it was 
Peace between England and France wee were very glad and 
hoped wee should soon have a Peace here. If the Queen att 
home makes this Peace contained in those Articles as Strong 
and durable as the Earth Wee for our Parts shall endeavour 
to make it as strong and firm here — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 49 

Wee are told that your Gover 11 should say that the King of 
France had surrendered all the Land on this side Placentia, 
up to the Queen of Great Britian, We desire you would in- 
form us how it is, — 

To which Wee answered that the Queen of great Britians 
Arms were superior to those of the King of France and he 
had surrendered up Newfoundland and the Land on this side; 
to which they replyed the French never said anything to us 
about it and wee wonder how they would give it away without 
asking us, God having at first placed us there and They 
having nothing to do to give it away. 

We told 'em wee had nothing to do to dispute the Rights of 
Crowns ; but the English would in a little Time come to re- 
settle their Plantations ; to which they answered They should 
be glad to see the English setting their antient Plantations 
and that they should never be disturbed in their Rights and 
Privileges there by them — They further added that they 
would be very careful to observe that Article of their Keep- 
ing in the Northerly side of Saco River at a Distance from 
the English Plantations, but they hoped the Governour would 
in a little Time give 'em more Liberty. 

They finally said all that has been done and said, all and 
every man here fully consents and agrees to, which was pub- 
lished by the former Sagamore with an audible Voice. 

When all was concluded Wee drank the Queen's Health as 
also the Governours with a Discharge of the Cannon at the 
Fort; which was returned with three Huzza's from the In- 
dians. They in their Acclamations of Joy heaving their 
Caps into the air. On our taking leave wee told them wee 
would send 'em wherewithal! to refresh 'em and accordingly 
did which They accepted very kindly. 

The next Day being Sunday the winds being contrary wee 
observed at the Fort, the next morning sailed but the Winds 



50 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

being contrary did not arrive at Piscataqua till the 22 nd 10 
aclock A. M. 

By Order of the Comissioners 

Joseph Hiller Seo ry 
to the Comissioners. 



Letter accompanying previous report. 

Portsmouth July 23 rd 1713 
May it please yo r Excellency. 
In obedience to your Excellency's Commands wee have 
been at Casco where we have published and Ratified with 
the Indian Sachems and their People the Pacification made 
by your Excellency : An acco* of the whole Proceeding we 
inclose in a Journall herewith, which wee hope will be well 
pleasing to your Excellency and the whole Country, and 
Submit all to your Excellency's censures. The Day after 
wee had finished, Severall of the Indians came and prayed 
that if we had any Captives in our hands they might be re- 
turned to them as soon as possible — also that necessary sup- 
plies might be sent with all Dispatch to Casco att present and 
Penobscot before Winter, with Prices set to the English and 
Indian Comodities — also Liberty for Three or Four of their 
Principall men to wait on the Governor att Boston by the first 
Opportunity 

Wee take leave to Subscribe Yo r Excellency 
Most humble and Obedient Serv ts 

John Wheelwright 
J. Wentworth 
J. Redknap 
Geo. Vaughan 
Geo. Jaffrey 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 51 

Province of the | At a Council held at the 

Massachusetts Bay \ Council Chamber in Boston upon 

Munday the 11 th Jany, 1713 [1714] 

Present. 
His ExcelF 
Genn 11 Nicholson 

His ExcelF Joseph Dudley Esq 1- Govern 1- 
The Hon bIe William Tayler L* Gov 1 " & of the Councill 

Elisha Hutchinson } Penn Townsend 

Sam 11 Sewall } Esq r Andrew Beltcher } Esq r 

Eliakim Hutchinson J Edward Bromfield J 

Isaac Addington Esq r 

A conference was held with Five of the Eastern Indians 
come to Town this Day Viz* — 

*Querabannity \ of *Abomasun ] of Noronj awoke 

Quarrexis j Penobscot *Warraquassit [-abo 1 150 Miles 

Ossamewanes JupKennetuckR 

[The Three yt are starred are those that attended the Govr of Piscataqua.] 

Pemenduit one of their Company being left sick at 
Piscataqua By Capt John Gyles Interpreter 

Gov 1- Qu. Are you all well Ind Answ d Yes 

Qu. Have you been well entertained since yo r coming to 
Town 

Ans Yes and thank'd the Gov 1- 

Gov r As there are three of you here that were concerned 
in the Pacification lately made so too receive you as Friends 
and as you have voluntarily undertaken this Journey the 
Genner 11 and myself are ready to hear what you have to say 

Indians. We are sent by the Chiefs of the Two Severall 
Plantations of Noronj awoke & Penobscott and have to pay 
their Respects to the Gov r and the Gen 11 and have an Errand 
to them from the Sachems 

Qu When do you desire to speak or Deliver yo r Errand 
or Message 



52 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ans r When you please Tis now late in the Day We 

speak to morrow if the Gov 1 " please — 

Gov 1 " I will be here again to morrow when you may speak 
Then Gen 11 Nicholson gave to Quarabannit & Aboniasein 

each a new Queen Anne Guinea to wear & upon their Return 

to show to their Chiefs by whom they were sent in token of 

their being kindly received 

January 12 th 

Gov r You acquainted us Yesterday that you had a Mes- 
sage or Errand from your chiefs to the Generall and my- 
self & we are now ready to hear you 

Abomasein When we attended your Excell y last at Pis- 
cataqua you told us if there were anything then omitted We 
should have a Free recourse to yo r Excellency You also pro- 
posed that places should be fixed for Trade And y l the Eng- 
lish should return to their former Settlements and Dwellings 
at the Eastward which we were glad to hear of y l we might 
rejoice together as formerly. And proposed to have a place 
for Truck further Eastward than Casco Bay If the Truck 
Masters like not their Beaver they Kick it away The 
Indians are very much grieved that the Price of Beaver 
is so Low that its very Little Worth and Desire the Gov 1 * to 
putt forth the Price what it shall be sold at and they will be 
content — Then laid down a pack of Beaver saying it was his 
Letter from the Sagamores that sent him. 

Querabannit I desire to tell what is in my heart The 
psent made me yesterday by the Gen" (which was a Queen 
Anne Guinea) I wear here upon my breast and upon my 
Return shall acquaint the Sagamores y* sent me thereof 
(Abomasien also shewed his Guinea hanging on his breast) 

I have something to repeat of the Passage when the In- 
dians last waited on yo r Ex cy at Piscataqua The Indians do 
not understand why when there has been so long Peace there 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 53 

has been no more correspondence w th us. We are very de- 
sirous that Friendship should be reposed for Ever betwixt us 
and the English as was in our Grand Fathers Days and much 
Better And if it were possible the Traffick might be the same 
as to the Prices as formerly we should be very thankful That 
we should Rejoice that all the English that dwell in the 
Eastern Parts would return to their former Settlements there 
And as Cap* Gyles's Father lived there formerly, so that now 
Cap 1 Gyles return to his place which is the request of our 
Chiefs — I have spoken all I have to say about Settlements 
and pray that if any Indian Prisoners be in these parts I 
might see them. 

Our Country is large but I have made inquiry in the sev- 
erall parts for English Prisoners there but hear of none. If 
I could have understood any were there I would have brought 
them with me to have showed them to yo r Excellency Then 
laid down a Pack of Beaver saying it was his letter he had 
brought from the Sagamores and withal said several Indians 
of their part were waiting at Pemaquid for his return who 
desired they might have some supply this Winter. 

Gov r I take well yo r plainness and openness in yo r Speech 
and Proposalls and you shall have my answer thereto to 
morrow in this place. 

Then Gen 11 Nicholson shewed them a New England Shil- 
ling w th a Pine Tree thereon saying they and the English 
should be like that Tree but One Root tho several Branches. 

The Pine Tree is always Green an Emblem of Truth and 
if the Root be Cutt the Branches will Dye 

Abomasien I have one word more to offer w h I forgott 
before saying that they called at Casco Fort and Desired L l 
Bane to accompany them to Boston to wait on His Excellency 
and the Generall who said he would speak with his Cap' and 
have his leave but the Cap' was not willing he should come 



54 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Gov r I will answer to this psently to Pvent any misunder- 
standing. I had instructed Cap 1 Moody to divert the In- 
dians coming to me this winter projecting to see them my 
Self at Casco in the Spring so that he could not allow Lieu 1 
Bane to come with them with out my further Direction — 

Gen 11 Nicholson then put a New England Shilling with a 
Pine Tree thereon into each of the Indians hands and mouths 
Telling them they must now never speak with their mouths 
nor lift up their hands against the English and gave Three 
Shillings a piece to Querabannit and Abomasien to pay for 
the Ribbons & Loops about their Necks whereon they had 
strung the Guineas. 

Januy 13 th 

Gov r In the Conference had with you yesterday and the 
opening of y r Message from yo r Chiefs you then Insinuated 
their Desire that a Perfect Amity & Friendship might be 
restored between English and them as in their Grandfathers 
Days and be so continued and that English would return to 
their former Plantations and Settlements that you might re- 
joice together as in time past and further moved that the 
Places for Trade might be Fixed and regulated as to the 
prices of Beaver &c. 

In answer thereto I am well pleased to perceive you are 
now Sensible of the Inconveniences and Mischiefs you have 
drawn upon yo r Selves by the Defection and Departure from 
yo r Allegiance and Duty to the Crown of Great Britian to 
which you have often repeated yo r professed Subjection & 
Obedience and renewed the Same in yo r late Attendance upon 
me at Piscataqua and thereupon been received to her Ma tys 
Grace & Favour so that you renounce and withdraw yo r Selves 
from the French Interest by whom you have been reduced and 
led into these Mischiefs & Inconveniences which have proved 
so ruinous and distructive to you and Injurious to the English 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 55 

her Ma tys Subjects and yo r good Friends and Neighbours. 
The Rupture having been made on yo r side by Influence of 
the French and I now assure you that upon yo r Sincere and 
Faithful Observance and performance of yo r late recognition 
and Steady adherence to her Ma ty and her Interest you shall 
be acknowledged and Treated as her Subjects and be restored 
to our Friendship as in time past. As to yo r proposalls re- 
ferring to the English returning to their Former Plantations 
and Settlements that matter is under Consideration of Proper 
Comittees for the Directing the Regulating of the Same to 
be brought forward after the winter is over and the neces- 
sary preparation can be made for the same. 

As to the Places of Trade and regulating of the Same and 
stating the Prices of Beaver That matter will have its con- 
sideration in the Great and Gen 11 court of this Province at 
their meeting appointed to be the next month so farr as con- 
cerns this her Ma tys Government — And his Ex cy Gen" 
Nicholson constituted her Mat tys Governor over the Province 
of Nova Scotia or Arcadia and the Dependencys thereof and 
Gen 11 of her Ma tys Forces at New Foundland upon his going 
to Annapolis Royall which will be as soon as conveniently can 
be will take care and make the like Provisions for the Trade 
on that side. 

It being her Ma tys Royall Will and Pleasure and agreeable 
to her Royall Instructions to her Gov r in these her Several 
Plantations That upon the Indian Natives firmly adhering to 
their Allegiance and Obedience to the Crown of Great Britian 
and utterly forsaking & renouncing the French Interests and 
being Influenced by the French Governourment or Mission- 
arys they may be Treated as her Matys Subjects and with all 
Friendship. 

And the Gov 1 * and the Gen 11 are intirely of a mind in what 
is now said to you. — 



56 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

16 th Jany r 
I shall not Trouble you with any further Attendance in- 
form upon the Meeting after the Generall Assembly of this 
Province you shall hear from Gen 11 Xicholson and my Self 
referring to the Establishment of more places Eastward for 
the Trade and shall make the Prices as low as possible. 

I can not untill the Assembly comes acquaint you either the 
Time or Place of our Meeting to see and receive you but you 
shall hear from us Early in the Spring with direction how to 
proceed in your Attendance of the Gen 11 and my self. 

Mr. Gyles will take care to Discharge yo r quarters coming 
hither and abiding here and returning home & desire y l yo r 
Sagamores may know how kindly you have been here received. 
And that in the mean time I desire and Expect that yo r Saga- 
mores get together any English Prisoners in your hands and 
send them into Casco agreeable to yo r articles signed at Pis- 
cataqua And we shall do the like if any be found amongst 
us particularly we are Informed that there are Eight English 
Persons at ISToronjewoke. 

Further we expect you will Draw yo r remaining Indians 
from Canada into their Own places upon English Grounds 
where they shall be well dealt with And you will lett the 
Sachems know that they must receive no further Orders from 
the French Gov rs of Canada nor Instructions from the Priests 
but Steadily adhere to English Interest and the Government 
of her Ma ty the Queen of Great Brittian upon whose Land 
and Country they are established And that in all things 
they show themselves Englishmen and assure them they shall 
be dealt with accordingly. And we wish you a Good Journey. 

After which the Articles of Pacification late made at Pis- 
cataqua was shown them and Abomasien Querabannit and 
TVoroquassit three of the Signers Acknowledged their marks 
thereto. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 57 

Then Abomasien prayed that a Meeting-House might he 
built for them at Norinj awoke by English Men they would 
pay for it. 

The Governor will consider it. 

That they had but few days before they were Expected 
to be at home and they desired they might have the Assist- 
ance of Horses. John Gyles. 

Boston Jany 16 th 1713 
Cap 1 John Gyles Interpret 1- made oath that the aforegoing- 
Questions and Answers are the Substance of the Conference 
had between his Ex cy the Gov r and Gen 11 Nicholson and the 
Indian Messengers Truly rendered as spoke on either Side 
allowing only for Ideoms of Speech necessary for the under- 
standing thereof. 

Dudley 
fir. Nicholson 
William Tailer 
W: Winthrop 
Elisha Hutchinson 
Samuell Sewall 
Is a Addington 
E m Hutchinson 
Penn Townsend 
And 1 " Belcher 
Edw. Bromfield 
Ichabod Plaisted 
Wenonoganet 
Querabennuit 
Nodagonebawit 
Owanabamit 
Pear Exes 
Sockheret 

Wach hoa 

Totems 



58 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letters from Indians to Governor. 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq. Captain General & 
Governor -in-chief in and over the Mat ys Province of Massa- 
chusetts Bay & New Hampshire in New England in America. 

May it please your Excellency. 

We have voluntarily undertaken this Journey to Com- 
plem* your Excell cy upon the late happy Peace concluded in 
Europe betwixt the most Excell 1 Ma ty Queen Anne of Great 
Britain and His most Christian Majesty the French King 
and his Pacification consequent thereof made with the East- 
ern Indians (the Intelligence whereof had arrived to us be- 
fore our Setting forth) and to rejoyce with your Ex cy therein 
And pray that our Selves and all the Indians living on Saco 
River within our Plantation there on whose behalf we Ad- 
dress your Excell cy may be received to her Ma tys Grace and 
Favour, and included in the s d Pacification and Enjoy the 
benefit of the Protection of her Ma tys Government as former- 
ly, Resolving to return to our Duty & Obedience to the Crown 
of Great Britain having at several times past Recognized our 
Allegiance thereto particularly in Sept. 1699 when the Earl 
of Bellomont was Her Matys Governor of these Provinces by 
writing under the hands and seals of Tim . . . other- 
wise Sconbeovit and Interpreted to us by Sam 1 Jordan which 
are now shewn and distinctly read by Sam 1 Jordan which 
we acknowledge and renew and sincerely oblige our Selves 
and those whome we represent religiously to observe and 
Keep inviolate the Several Articles and promises there- 
in Stipulated forever And the Articles & Engagem ts contained 
in the late Instruments of Pacification now also Distinctly 
and Deliberately read over and interpreted to us. 

However we have made a Defection and been seduced by 
the treacherous insinuations and Influence of the French to 
joyne with them in the late Wars and hostility committed by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 59 

the French and adhering to their ill Counsels to draw upon 
our Selves the utmost Mischiefs and Sufferings even to the 
last ruin, being drawn out of our own Country. And to our 
great grief and Shame now made Sensible of the Inconveni- 
ences and Miseries whereunto we are so unhappily involved 
our Selves. 

[No date nor signature.] 

Address as the previous. 

May it please your Excellency we are come now on pur- 
pose to settle matters betwixt your government and us and 
to make a perpetual Peace with you, We did Indeed once 
come to a Conclusion of Peace, which Indeed since has broke 
out into Wars but not by any means of us (or any in behalf 
of whom we address your Excellency for) but purely through 
the cunning and crafty means of the french and some other 
towns who was made privy to It, for indeed It was not made 
known to us till severall captives was brought in two of which 
I did redeem and brought to Saco fort in order to be informed 
more fully of the occasion, which was purely by the french, 
who having got the consent of all other the adjacent towns, 
obliged us being hem'd in on every side to Joyn for our own 
Security. 

But now hearing of that Peace which is universally pro- 
claimed in the world and we not yet proclaimed Subjects of 
such a Peace do heartily desire it now and that It may be 
firm and lasting, assuring your Excellency that no perswa- 
sions whatever or hopes of Interest shall ever prevail with 
them to break y e peace but that we will at all times be ready 
to defend the subjects of the crown of England with the 
hazard of our lifes. 

And if y r Excellency should scruple us and be willing to 
treat with any more of our place that we will give you a 



60 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

meeting at any time when y r Excellency shall think fit. 

And If y r Excellency shall think fit to do This and to make 
a firm and lasting peace we Entreat that there may be a 
trading house built at Sammon falls where there may be all 
supplys kept fit for our Trading, and that some good man 
may keep the same who will think it no other than right but 
that we should and ought to have full value for our goods 
delivered them, and not as it has been a custom for many of 
your traders to trick and defraud us of them, which indeed 
has been a great reason for many of us to have a greater value 
for the french than for the English, seeing the difference of 
their dealing but hope that all those reasons will be removed 
by setting one in that place who will do Justice to Every one, 

And further that there may be an Interpreter allowed for 

the better understanding of each other which is what offers 

and whats much desired by them who ever promise to be true 

Subjects in behalf of all. 

Jan y 22 d 1713 

[Totems] 

Ascumbuits mark 

Saguadommameg's mark 

Mowewemets mark 



Eastern Indians to the Governour For her Ma y Service. 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq. Captain General and 
Governar in Chieff of her Ma tys Province Massachusetts 

Bay 

p Capt Gyles 

A Bomasen I return hearty thanks to his Excy & y e 

taking his leave Gen m and Council for y e many faver 

Reced, and that your fingars Retch to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 61 

put us to our people in health our chiefs hearing of our Re- 
turning they being sickly and out of Provision so moved into 
y r Country three Days befor our a Rival hear, I have in 
form d those that at Left who ar very Glad. I shall parsue 
our chiefs and shall inform y e same & y e many favers Reced 
and the poor success in our travels I Return Cap tn Gyles 
theanks for his Cear to us in our travels. 

Cascobay fe y 7, 1713. P John Gyles Intherpreter 

Wenogganet. I Rise and Pay my Respects to y e Gre 1 Gov r 
& y e Gret Gen" Nicholson and all y e hon bl Gen'men of Boston. 
I take Captn Gyles by y e hand & wellcom him to his Place & 
theanke him for his Service — I receive him a Commissionar 
from your Excys & y e Gen 11 I respect him as my own Child. 
My heart is very Glad. I Returne hearty theanks to y e Gov 1 " 
& y e Gen 11 and Councill for y e many feavers shewed to my 
measengars thear & Returning them to us again with such 
good tidings, now Drinke our Queens & y e Gov 1- & Gen 11 Coun- 
cells healths Under the Green tree — 

Querabenawit — I Return y e Gov"* y e Gen 11 y e Liu* Gov r Cap tn 
Bealcher & y e hon Councell hearty theanks fer y e many 
feavers to us thear & one ye Rhoad and takeing us up in 
your hand & Seting us to our People in heath, »t feavering us 
with Cap 1 Gyleses Company to see y e Confurrance Repeted 
to our People who much Reioyce at the same I shall not be 
wanting in any Service y* Lys in ray Power to nourish y e 
Pine tree for ye futur. I have often Exprest it in my Songs. 
Nbdagombewit I was in formed of a Great Gen" a Rived to 
boston I was Desiearas to have Messengers to go & Pay our 
Respects to him, I am now Sencable of ye same and Return 
liartv theanks for favers & Drinke y e Queens y e Gen" & y e 
Gen 1 health. 

Owanabbemit. I am an ould Man. I pay my hearty theanks 
to y e Great Gen" fur my Self & in y e behalf of all our young 



62 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

men wemen & Children, and Glad y* we have now such a Rite 
understanding you have got our Loves in Possession and hope 
we shall be happy undar such a Governor Praying you will 
ever hear our Petition we wear never so well satisfied in a 
treaty before all our young men Reioyes & hope for ever to 
have a Right under standing from each authear and Inioy 
Peace and happyness for Ever — 

This is from our harts with theanks & Deliver them to our 
Country Messengars & our mouth Be Desiearing him to De- 
liver them with his own hand to ye Goverment. 
Pear Exces I a Rived to Cap tn Gyleses tent under y e Green 
tree as y e Conf urance was all most Repeted — I Pay my Re- 
spects & Return hearty theanks to y e Gov r & y e Gen" & Coun- 
cell and am hearty theank ful y* our Messengars ar Returned 
with Such Joyfull nues & Sucksess & hope it will be for y e 
futar happyness of our Country 

Pemaquid Feb r 12: 1713 [1714] 
Those above named ar y e Chiefs of Panobscut as they in- 
form & say they ar a 170 men. 

p John Gyles Intarpretar. 

Wenagganet 13 th fe br My Self & Conn 11 wish Cap tn 

taking his Leave Gyles our trusty frend a Prasparus Viage 
with him we have Presunted our hands to 
Joyn and clasp in your Excys and y e Gen lls & Councells and 
neaver to be Parted by Eany Our hearts ar open if they wear 
to be seen they ar all truth and Sencerity according to y e 
Green Tree We all Reioyce & Return theanks fur feavers 
shewed to us if it might Pleas we Desiear Cap tn Gyles might 
be sent to us a gain in fourty or fivety Days & bring us Sum 
Necac rys that we Proposed to him for our Present supply to 
such time y l truck houesen be Erected, and to Give us y e place 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



63 



and time we may weight one your Ecxys and y e Great Gen 11 

Nicholson. 

Totems 

Wenogganet 

Querabenawit 

Nodagunbewit 

Owanab bamet 

Pear Exes 

We have one 

thing more as 
ever 

Querabenawit 



taking his 
Leave 



We Pray Cap ln Gyles to inform your Excys 
and y e Gen 11 at Large I Return hearty 
theanks to y e Gov 1 " & Gen 1 and Madam ( !ay- 
umt-hoh-ha & Liu tn Gov r Cap tn Belcher and 
all y e hon 11 Councell, for y e many feavers shewed to me I lay 
all up in my heart k it shall be handed throw our Country 
I theanke Cap tn Gyles for his Ceare to us & his good Com- 
pany I speake from my hart & all Love which shall not be 
fur Got so long as I have a Being — 

the foregoin messages & Confarrance had between y e In- 
dian Chiefs of Panobcut <fc my Self ar y e Substance timely 
Rendered as Spoken allowing only for y e Ideoms of Speech 
necessary for the undarstanding thear of 

P John Gyles Interpreter 

Boston March 10 th 1713 
John Gyles Interpreter made oath that the aforegoing 
Declaration & Recognition was freely and voluntarily made 
and Expressed by the several Indians who have set their signs 
or marks thereto being written by him at their Desire from 
their own mouths and truly rendered as they spake it, allow- 
ing only for ye Edeoms of their Speech not varying in 
Substance 

Sworn before the Gov 1 " & Council. 

Is a Addinston, Secy. 



64 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from John Gyles. 

I pray your Excy ye Gen 11 Pardon in these mean Lins, I 
have no a Sistant w th a Penn my tent is very Smooky & could 
my table is a Skin & my Chair is a heap of Green Cones 
undar ye Green Tree With the Chiefs asistance we have 
fixed her Matys Name & ye year & mine underneath and ye 
chiefs they Deliver them Selves with Great Zeal and Resalu- 
tion Caps & hats all of Undar ye marks Drinking our Queen's 
helth prasparity to ye Genhnent & our country. 

I pray God to Give Great knowled & Understanding to De- 
liver at all times ye Truth and Do Justice to ye honour of ye 
True Church, & be servicable to my Queen & country, De- 
siearing the Prayers of ye Good People for Sucksess, 

I return humble theanks for feavers to me in ye Privi 
Councell. 

I Rest your Excellency's & ye Gen 1 Most Redy & Most 

Obedient Servant to Command 

John Gyles 
fe br 11 1713/4. 



Indian Conference. 

New Hampshire, Portsmouth July 23 rd 1714 
At a Meeting with the Delegates of the Eastern Indians to 

Confirm & Establish them in their Obedience and Amity. 
Present. His Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq r Governour. 

Council of the Council of New 

Massachusetts Hampshire 

The Hon ble Lieu 1 Governour The Hon ble Lieu' Governour 
Tailor Usher 

Penn Townsend Esquire Peter Coffin Esquire 

John Appleton Esquire Robert Elliot Esquire 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



65 



Andrew Belcher Esquire 
Ichabod Plaisted Esquire 
John Wheelwright Esquire 
Thomas JSToyes Esquire 
Addington Davenport Esq r 
Thomas Hutchinson Esq 1 " 



Nathan 11 Weare Esquire 
Richard Waldron Esquire 
Sam 1 Penhallow Esquire 
John Plaisted Esquire 
Mark Hunking Esquire 
John Wentworth Esquire 



Of the Massachusets Assembly New Hampshire Assembly 
John Burrel Esq r Speaker Richard Gerrish Esq r Speaker 



Edmund Quingey Esquire 
Samuel Thaxter Esquire 
Cap* Samuel Phipps 
Cap 1 Thomas Hale 
Cap 1 Peter Osgood 
Joseph Buckmaster Esquire 
Mr. Elisha Plaisted 
Cap* Lewis Bean 
Cap* John Layton 



Major Joseph Smith Esq 
Theodore Atkinson Esquire 
Mr. Samuel Keais 
Mr. Stephen Jones 
Cap' Timothy Gerrish 
M r George Jaffrey 
M r James Rendel 
M r Ephraim Marston 



Gentlemen, You are all sensible of our Errand hither and 
that wee are in some danger of a General Combination of the 
Indians throughout the Continent against us as the advices 
from Colonel Hunter, Her Majesties Governour of New York 
intimate; Wee are now to treat with and take the proper 
measures to Steady the Eastern Indians in their Obedience, 
whose Delegates are attending at this place. 

I think it proper to lett them know wee are here at their 
desire to make them easie in all points and to fix rules of 
Trade, and rates of goods that noe occasion of difference may 
arise on that head. 

I am told they often speak of their native Rights to the 
Eastern Lands, and expect a further consideration be paid 
them on that account, 

I think it proper if they now mention and insist on it to 
acquaint them, that as their fathers made Conveyances of 



66 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

those Lands to the English, soe they by their former and 
latter Articles of Submission and Pacification, have stipu- 
lated and agreed without reserve that the English shall enjoy 
those their Lands Without Molestation, and have Since in- 
vited them to Kesettle their Plantations. 

Then His Excellency took the advice of the Gentlemen of 
the two Governments ; on the following Questions : 

Gentlemen, Would you have me See the Indians this 
Morning, or stay till tomorrow for General Nicholson, 

Answered in the Affirmative, nemine contradicente, this 
morning. 

The Delegates from the Indians were accordingly sent for, 
and admitted in and his Excellency the Governour spake to 
them by Lieutenant Bean, and M r Jordan, Interpreters Skil- 
ful in their Language as followeth. 
Sachems of the Indians 

You well remember that this time twelve months I was 
here at your desire, with the Gentlemen of the Governments 
to receive your renewed Submission and Pacification and wee 
happily entered into a reconciliation and have had the mutual 
benefit of peace ever since — In which time several of your 
Sachims, have been at Boston with General Nicholson and my 
Selfe; and were all of them Urgent with him and me to see 
us againe in these parts. 

I am accordingly come with a real intention of ffreindship 
and kindness to you and to do you all that is proper. 

When I took my Journey hither General Nicholson was 
determined to proceed this way the day after me and I every 
hour expect to see him here. 

I shall now proceed to take your names & number with the 
Rivers you belong to, that I may know to whom I speak; they 
are as followeth. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



67 



Delegates from the Indians 
Off Neridgawack Tribe. Caezar Maxus Son 

Bommaz'een Erikis 

Cateramoggns Nimpcoot 

Neguscawit Joseph 



Weddorramagwid \ 

alias Cap 4 Samuel \ 
Pacquawet alias 
Cap 1 Nathaniel 
Quinnawus 
Quirrabooset 
Pittaurisquame 
alias John Dorey 

Warracunsit 
sick and absent. 
Of Penobscut Tribe 
Querrebenuit 
Estien 
Wenemoet 



Seguncowick 

Wehorumbomat 

Off Amariscoggin 

Kesaragunnit 

Sanboddies 

AYeebenoose 

Pierre Abinnaway 

off Pigwaeket Tribe 

Addeawendo 

Scanowease 

Ebbemegen 

Sockquadoomet 

Nacklungen 



His Excellency directed 
the Interpreter to tell them 

I have now taken their names and they are welcom. Ask 
them whether their Quarters are pleasing to them and if they 
are well provided for. They all Answered Yes Tell them 
I expect they behave themselves like wise men, and carry it 
soberly, and not drink nor be quarrelsom, and be sure not to 
be out of their Quarters by night, least they be taken up and 
confined by the watch. 

Tell them I consider them ;is the cheifs of their Tribes and 
shall treat them accordingly and they shall now and at all 
times finde my treatment of them to be just and ffriendlv. 

Tell them once more T ecpect General Nicholson to-night 
or to morrow and I shall witli him further discourse with 
them. 



68 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the meane time let them consider what thej have to 
propose for their Ease and Conveniency & for Establishing 
mutual Amity and ffreindship. Then the Indians were dis- 
missed for this day. 



Indian Conference. 

New Hampshire. Att a Meeting with the Delegates of the 
Eastern Indians on Saturday the 24 th July, 1714 

Present His Excellency the Governonr and the Gentle- 
men mentioned yesterday to whom his Excellency spake as 
followeth, 

On Thursday noon I dispatcht an Express to His Excel- 
lency General Nicholson to accquainte him that the Delegates 
of the Indians, are here Earnestly expecting His Excellences 
Arrival. 

That Express is returned with the Generals Answer which 
you shall hear dated yesterday from Boston, which was read 
intimateing that he has been hindered proceeding on his 
Journey hither by bodily indisposition that rendered him un- 
able to ride, and was now determined to Imbarque in Her 
Majesties Shipp the Phoenix, and to be here as soon as pos- 
sible; and a letter from M r Secretary Addington dated yes- 
terday from Boston purporting, that he with M r Attorney 
Dudley, had waited on General Nicholson, who earnestly 
Exprest his desire to gett hither as Expedtiously as may be 
and had directed him to enclose a Queen Anns Guinea which 
he gave him to be shown and given to the Indians in token 
of his coming which His Excellency the Governour sent to 
the Indians by the Honorable John Wentworth Esq r and 
Colonel Spencer Phipps which they received with Expressions 
of a General Satisfaction. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 69 

His Excellency the Covernour sent one of the Interpreters 
with a Message to the Indians that if they desired to offer 
any thing to him this day they might now he heard or if they 
were not prepared they might stay till Monday. 

The Interpreter returned Answer that some of the Indians 
were withdrawn into the Town, and would not readily be got 
together; and the rest those if it pleased his Excellency to 
waite on him on Monday, which his Excellency approved off. 



Indian Conference. 

New Hampshire, Portsmouth 26 th July. 1714 

Att a Meeting with the Delegates of the Eastern Indians. 

Present as on the 23 rd instant and further of the Repre- 
sentatives of the Massachusetts, His Excellency General 
Nicholson, Capt. Olliver Noyes and M r Joseph Storer. 

The Journal of the Governours proceedings with them on 
the twenty third current was read. 

The Governour directed Interpreter Bean to bring in the 
Indians, which was done. 

Beane acquainted the Indians; by his Excellencys the 
Governours order That on ffryday last wee delayed for Gen- 
eral Nicholsons coming, and he is now happily here. 

Govern 1, Tell them the appearance of his Excellency the 
General and the Two Goverments was here at their desire and 
they should prepare what they had to say for their Ease and 
Comfort. Tell them they now have liberty to speak. 

Querrebenuit. Wee have been waiting two or three days 
before your Excellencys were come together, It has pleased 
God to bring you now together for which wee are thankful. 

Your Excellencys Orders came to us to come to Piscataqua 
and wee are accordingly come, and if your Excellency have 



TO DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

any thing first to saj wee desire to hear it and then wee will 
speak 

Govern 1- Last year we Established a peace which we hope 
will be Perpetual and since that they have by Messengers 
several times desired, that they might see us Eastward and 
wee are here accordingly ; And they are to tell us what further 
may be done to make them cleane to Her Majestie and the 
English interest more than they do. Lett them Know wee 
are here to hear what may be greivous to them in the Trade 
or otherwise and amend it and to make the peace secure and 
lasting. 

Querrebuit, When Ever I came here It was for a general 
good and pray your Excellences favour, that they may have 
Several Trading Houses more Eastward not one perticular 
mans but several. It would be a noble thins; to have the 
English come and settle there as much as ever with all free- 
dome Imaginable. 

Gover 1 " Doe the Trading Houses that are now use you 
well. 

Querebuit, They have and they beleive his Excellency has 
done all that may be that things goe well, but they desire that 
they may have more for their Beaver. 

Govern r Doe they like the places of the Trading Houses 
or would they come to Boston. 

Querrebuit, They desire more Trading Houses and doe 
not desire to come to Boston they are almost Killed with 
coming soe farr. 

Govern 1 " Tell them it is reported that they desire more 
General Trade. I ask those questions that they may have a 
fair and profitable Trade, and they should tell us whether 
they would come to Salem & Boston or have more Trading 
Houses Eastward 

Querrebuit, It would be a noble thing that they might 
have another Trading House at Kennebeck and Pemaquid 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE Tl 

and that the English would settle as farr as Mussle Ridge. 

Gen 11 Nicholson Ask them whether they have consulted 
their people, and whether they would have started Trading 
Houses or goe abroad to the several Towns; It is reported 
their young people choose the latter. 

Querrehennuit, We have young people that will straggle, 
but the solid men desire stated places, and that they had a 
Council among themselves before they came hither other- 
wise they had not been here and they speak the minds of their 
people. 

We chuse if your Excellency please to say noe more this 
day, but to consider in Order to adjusting the proper price 
for Beaver; And your Excellency was pleased to tell us in 
the winter that inquiry should be made and that wee should 
know further of the prices of Beaver. 

Govern 1 " Tell them if we desire it wee will adjourn till to 
morrow, eight aClock and they may consider on their busi- 
ness and wee will meet twice a day and dispatch it. 

Querrebuit. We will then if your Excellency please with- 
draw and consult in Order to a further discourse tomorrow. 

Gen 11 Nicholson Ask them whether they expect the Cere- 
mony of the Western Indians of Oversetting the Kettle and 
burying the Hatchet attended with the dance of Peace. 

Querrebuit, It is very well soe to doe. All their people 
use that Ceremony. 

Gen 11 Nicholson. Tell them He gett them an Ox and a 
Kettle and after that wee will Oversett it quite. 

Querrebuit I never saw how they put the Hatchet under 
the Kettle, nevertheless I have put niv Satchel away. 

Govern 1- When you have said all you have to say you may 
withdraw and consider and conic again t<> morrow at Eight 
a Clock. 

Querrebuit. If God gives leave will attend to morrow, — 

And they withdrew accordingly. 



72 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Govern r Gentlemen will you have M r Penhallow M r 
Ichabod Plaisted Cap 1 John Wentworth and Cap 1 Thomas 
Hutchinson a Committee; to Consider of the former prices of 
Goods & report what Rates they think proper now to be Estab- 
lished Consulting with Cap 1 Moody and Cap 1 Lane who are 
best accquainted with the Trade. Which none objected to. 
New Hampshire 

Att a Meeting with the Delegates of the Eastern Indians 
on Tuesday the 27 th July 1714. 

Present. — His Excellency the Governour General Nichol- 
son and the other Gentlemen of the Governments. 

The Minutes of Yesterdays Conference Read 

The Delegates came in. 

Govern 1 " Bean tell the Indians wee are here according to 
our Agreement last night to hear what they have to say and 
they have now liberty to speak. 

Querrebuit. We desire that your Excellency and all here 
may rightly understand us. 

Govern 1- I have three Interpreters for that end therefore 
speak. Lett them proceed then. 

Querrebenuit, Wee desire that the Truck may now be 
settled Effectually and the prices of Goods that wee may not 
be at a loss again Wee desire a Trucking House at Sagga- 
dahock and Salmon Falls and Pemmequid, and that the Eng- 
lish may come and settle again at the Eastward as formerly. 

Govern 1- That for the Places, what doe they say as to the 
prices 

Querrebenuit As we are Returned again to our own 
Country wee desire to have the prices as formerly for Beaver 
whereas formerly wee had Two Yards of Broad Cloath for 
two skins, but now it is three Skins 

Govern 1 " Tell them the Gentlemen of the Government are 
not Merchants but the prices of Goods must be soe that as 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 73 

that those that are Merchants may live by their Trading. 
The price of Beaver is not halfe soe much in Great Britian 
and Europe as some years past. 

I spoke that word of Trade not to hinder their proceedings 
but would have them now goe on, to say what further they 
would, and shall have an answer to morrow, 

Querrebuit I have declared all wee have to say the whole 
message from our people. 

Govern 1 " Wee are at a difficulty about the Trade of Beaver 
the Skins are soe different in Goodness, that we hardly know 
how to sett the price by the pound but be sure they shall have 
liberty to Trade any where else besides the Trading Houses 
and come to see any other Market they please But if they 
goe on Board of Shallops and beggarly Traders and drink too 
much and loose their goods wee cannot Answer for that, but 
at our Trading Houses and Shopps they shall be honestly 
dealt withal. Many of those that are ffishing are Strangers 
that in a short time leave this Country and doe not come 
againe, and we have not the power to regulate them as wee 
cann our own people. If they behave themselves wisely they 
would not goe to such Traders, as abuse them with Rnmm 
and Strong drink but rather where they may have goods that 
will profit them for their Beaver. 

Wee shall punish those that abuses them with drink as it 
comes to Our Knowledge, but it lyes with them to avoyd such 
persons and if they should meet with provocation from such 
persons they must not revenge themselves but to apply to me 
for Justice and it shall be done them 

By what we have now said, they understand that they have 
free liberty to come into any Town and Trade for any thing 
they please, soe they doe not hurt themselves with strong 
drink but behave themselves orderly. 

Wee take it well that they say repeetedly in their Treties 
that they desire to have the English come to settle againe at 



74 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

their former habitations Eastward, and now we Expect that 
they receive our people with all ffreindship, and if any hurt 
is done to them or their Catties, wee expect they shall make 
satisfaction, and we shall take care alsoe that Right be done 
to them, and Treat them as our own Children. 

We are proceeding to make some small Settlements at 
Black point, Casco Bay, and Kennebeck and expect that they 
receive our people with Kindness and if they loose their 
Cattle to help them to finde them, and not to eat them and in 
a short time they will have their English Neighbours to Trade 
with as formerly 

The first planters of the Eastern parts are reduced to pov- 
erty and they must not expect any Gifts from them when they 
return to their dwellings but cany it with all freindship to 
them. 

Govern'' We have been yesterday and to day inquiring- 
after their Greivances ; if they have any more to offer they 
may speake. This paper in my hand containes the Articles 
of pacification wee made last year ; They shall be interpreted 
to them, and those that have not signed them shall have the 
Honour now to signe them publickly. 

Querrebuit The Indians are here, that own Lands East- 
ward and they will speak for themselves and tell where their 
land lyes. We have been soe civiley treated that I shall tell 
it to all our people. 

Govern 1- If any Indians have any Challenge of Lands lett 
them speak it. 

Querrebuit, I have such amongst ourselves as tell lyes 
your Excellency has been soe Kinde and all the English here, 
that we Jump for Joy to thing how happy they hope things 
are like to be. 

Some of the Indians Stood upp as if they would speak but 
did not. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 75 

Govern 1 " Ask these men whether they have any tiling to 
say. The Interpreter says, John Dony says Cochecha is his 
Land, but the English are very welcome to live there and do 
what they please, and make Settlements further up the 
Countreys — 

Govern 1 " tell him as he invites our people to live there soe 
I invite him, and he shall be as welcome there as my own 
sonn. If they will come and sett up their "Wigwams there 
they shall be welcome to follow their Imployments there. 
They shall be welcome in all parts of our provinces to Hunt, 
ffish and ffowl, and our people must be Equally welcome to 
them. If they will send their Children to be Educated with 
us they shall be welcome and become English men & then we 
shall be brethren indeed. 

We are obliged by the Christian Religion to love their 
Souls as well as their bodyes and accordingly last Lord's day 
I invited them to the public Worship of God & several of 
them came, and attended reverently, and if any of them de- 
sire it wee will teach them the protestant Religion to know 7 
God and Christ. If any of the Tribes desire a minister to 
instruct them wee shall doe our best to provide for them. 

Quinamus and Nimpcoot 

Gyles, These young men desire to be known to be Right 
heires of Sacco River, but are very desirous to have the Eng- 
lish to come there and live and settle againe 

Govern 1 " Our people have inhabited there above forty 
years since and they must receive them with all Kindness 
and ffreindship. 

Indians. Yes wee should be very glad to have it soe & 
heartily desire it 

Govern 1 " Wee shall now proceed to read the Articles of 
pacification that they may signe them that have not, and tell 



76 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the young men that spake last, we shall look upon them as the 
true principal Indians of Sacco River. 

The former Articles last year Read, and the same and Sub- 
stances of them explained to them. 

Tell them I sent the Articles of pacification to her Majesty 
the Queen which were well accepted. 

Govern 1 " Tell them to attend the Generall on the Green 
this afternoon to divert themselves. 

Querrabnit If a Truck House be set up at Penobscot wee 
desire to have Captain Gyles to Interpret there for us. 

Govern 1 " It is now dinner time, and they may withdraw, 
and as they desire two of their young men may goe home to 
tell the News of the welfare of the rest. 

They may now withdraw till to morrow morning nine of 
the clock 

Accordingly the Indians did withdraw. 

New Hampshire, 28 th July 1714 

[Entry of session and officers present as previously.] 

Govern 1 " This is the third day wee have been here, and 
am glad to see them behave themselves soe well, and mani- 
fest their dependence, upon Her Majestie's Governments. 

Tell them they must not believe false Reports of any ill in- 
tention from us by any ill minded Indian for thank God wee 
have peace all the World Round. Tell them what Querrebnit 
said yesterday was true he said there were a great many In- 
dians told lyes 

Gov 1 " said to Bean Tell them we are proceeding to settle- 
ments at Cascoe and Sacco, and other parts but I doe not 
meane to morrow or next day but as soon as possible and they 
must not Suspect I will not be as good as my word; In the 
meane time till there is such settlements they will have Truck 
Houses and may come to any Town or place in our provinces 
to Trade there. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 77 

Gen" Nicholson We suppose they are very well satisfied 
of Captain Moody & Cap 1 Lanes dealing with them. 

Gover r If they have any thing to say to the dislike of any 
Article or the prices of Goods which shall be made known to 
them lett them speak 

Querrebuit says that at Cascoe they are not paid well for 
their Beaver but at Sacco they have better pay 

Gover 1- Referring to the places of Trade, I shall take that 
there be goods also at Newichawanock 

Govern 1 " Tell them the Clerk will read to them the prices 
of Beaver and of Goods as stated which was accordingly done. 
Tell them the use of Beaver is soe inconsiderable that it is 
not worth halfe the price as formerly. 

Tell them they shall have pounds weights yards, Pecks & 
other weights and Measures to sell by that they may not be 
cheated. Tell them all these Gentlemen have Consulted 
about the prices, now read to them, and Considering the 
prices of Corn and goods the Merchants can not afford them 
cheaper We shall proceed to take the hands of the Sachims 
that were not here last year. 

Tell them these are the Articles of peace made last year 
that was read to them yesterday and the Sachims that were 
not here then shall have the Honour to signe them now. 

Querrebuit. They have been striving this many years to 
get more for their Beaver, but they shall say hop more now 
but they think the price of Beaver goes quite backward in- 
stead of being better. 

Gover r Tell them not to be discouraged for when Goods 
are Cheaper they shall be sold Cheaper to them and they must 
have patience. 

Querrebuit. They have been striving a great while for a 
Trucking House at Penobscot. 



78 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Govern 1 " Tell them that General Nicholson is going to the 
Bay of ffundy to his Government, and when he arrives there 
he will let ns know how the prices of Goods are there. 

Gen 11 Nicholson. Tell them I desire to Know whether they 
will choose to goe from Passamaqnadde or Penobscot to An- 
napolis Royal to Trade there or to incline to trade this way. 

Querrebuit says they lost several men going to Trade at 
Cascoe and they think it very dangerous to go so farr. I de- 
sire to know whether the General will send a sloop with 
Goods from port Royal to them at Penobscot. 

General Nicholson answered Noe A sloop will goe from 
Cascoe to them at any time they send a Message aforehand to 
Cap 1 Moody and he will send them what they want 

Govern r Tell them that Europe has been along time in a 
flame with Warrs which has made goods very dear, and when 
they are cheaper they will receive the benefit of it. 

Gen 11 Nicholson Ask them if they want any other goods 
or Commodities besides what have been read to them. Ask 
them in Case they have any difference betwixt the English 
and them what Gentlemen that live nearest to them they 
would have to see Justice done betwixt them. 

Govern 1 " Tell them when the English come to settle among 
them if they will have any of their former acquaintance to be 
in the Commission of peace there it shall be done. 

Querrebuit. The time is out that we have promised to be 
at home, and desire we may goe home to morrow morning. 
A little time agoe wee had Broad Cloath for four Skinns p 
yard, and now it is corned to five Skinns p yard. 

Govern 1 " Tell them they shall have Broad Cloath for four 
skins p yard. 

Then the Indians that had not Signed the Articles of pacifi- 
cation last year signed them now in the presence of the 
Gentlemen of the Congress and others. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 79 

Govern 1 " Tell them on this hand of me are the Gentlemen 
of the Massachusetts; Here is the Governour, Here is the 
Council, and here are the Representatives and to Assure them 
of our ffreindship and Satisfaction we have presents to de- 
liver them on hoard of a Sloop, which they shall goe and 
receive. 

Gener" Nicholson, Tell them if any of them come to An- 
napolis Royal I will be glad to see them, and if he should be 
gone from thence he will take care that they shall be well re- 
ceived. Tell them I am noe Trader. I buy nor sell noe 
goods and I doe not wonder at a difference of prices between 
Buyers and Sellers for it is soe all the world over. 

Tell them if I can doe them any kindness at any time I 
shall be ready and willing Tell them they must not believe 
their ffryers in nothing but Religion for they endeavor to set! 
them and the English at difference. Tell them if they will 
send any of their Children to Boston they shall be well 
educated. 

Govern 1- Tell them it is reported here that the ffrench 
priests told them they would he poisoned here, and ask them 
if they have not been treated like brothers since they came 
here. 

Gen" Nicholson. Tell them they are now the Queens Sub- 
jects & they must have nothing to due with the ffrench, and 
that the ffrench that live upon those lands to the Eastward 
are the Queens Subjects or must be soe or depart the Land, 
for if 'was Conquered for the Queen, and she will never part 
with it, and the ffrench can not take it againe. 

Govern 1 " If they have any further to say let them come in 
the afternoon. 

The Governour The General and the Gentlemen of the 
Goverments proceeded with the Delegates of the Indians to 



80 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Waterside where the following present was given to the 
Sachims for themselves and people (to wit) 

27 : Stroud Blankets 

27 : ffine White Shirts 

One barrel of Gunn powder containing 100 : Net pounds 
Thirty two Barrs of Lead Cont s Six Hundred Seventy-two 
Pounds 

In Roll — Tobacco Two Hundred Pounds. 

Two Grosse of Tabacco — Pipes. 

One Hogshead of Bread cont s net, four Hundred forty 
Eight Pounds. — 

ffive Caggs of Rum, cont g in all Eleven Gallons & one Quart. 

The foregoing Conferences have been faithfully translated 
and Interpreted by us 

To the Truth whereof the 1 John Gyles 

Interpreters, publickly & > Joseph Bean 

Solemnly made oath. J Sam 11 iordan 

The Treaty & Conference Contained above, & in the Eight 
foregoing Leaves, was managed in our presence & by us re- 
spectively as in herein expressed. 

taken by us. J. Dudley 

Cha: Story Secretary ffra: Nicho--- 

John White. 



Indian Conference. 

Po N-Hamp s At a Councell held at Portsm 1 June 6, 1716 

Present. The Hon ble Geo Vaughan Esq Leu' Gov 1 " 

Rob 1 Eliot 1 John Plaisted 

Rich d Waldron \ Esq. Mark Hunking 

Sam 1 Penhallow J John Wentworth 

Present Abombasein 1 

Bamegiscog ) Inds. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 81 

L l Gov r We understand you are sent by yo r Chiefs as 
Messengers to these Goverm 18 & we desire to know what is 
your business 

Aim! n I." There were two sloops at Kenebeck which went 
suddainly away which somew 1 surprised us & that is the chief 
reason of our comeing to Enquire into that matter. 

Leu 1 Gov. The English of late have been very much sur- 
prised at your unusual actions & behaviours. 

Abom In the Articles of Peace it was agreed y 1 if y e 
Ind ns had any design against y e English we should give you 
notice & as we gave you no notice so there was no danger. 

L* Gov r We are Informed from Albany y* y e Ind 8 had a 
design against the English this spring as soon as the grass 
was grown. 

Abom. We heard some such thing but had it from y e 
English. 

JJ Gov 1 " There have been severall Ind ns some of Narridg- 
wack & others that have Intimated a design of y e Ind ns 
against the English. 

Abom. We desire to know w 1 Ind n or Ind ns they were 

L l Gov 1 " John Hegin told Cap 1 Harmon at Kenebeck that 
it would not be safe for him to tarry there long 

Abom. It may be John Hegin was drunk. 

1/ Gov r If John Hegin or other Ind DS gett drunk & tell 
lyes & so put y e English to charge & Expence as those storys 
have done they must be punished for it. 

Abom That is a very good way 

Leu* Gov 1 " How shall Cap 1 Harmon have recompence for 
y e loss of his voyage who left Kenebeck river purely upon 
John Hegins news. 

Abom Cap* Harmon departed without reason 

L* Gov 1 " Some time since an honest man at Oyster river 
saw five or six Ind 118 who would not be spoken with which 
looks very suspicious 



82 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Abom : We hear a great many storys but I know nothing 
of this matter & in such Storys as we hear from hence & 
Canada y l has caused me to take this Journey & some other 
Ind ns to go to Canada who are to meet at Narridgwock 
twenty eight days hence & then if there be any news we will 
send it to the English 

17 Gov 1- In the frontier towns there are frequent knock- 
ing^ at people's doors in the night season & Ind n tracks found 
in the plowed grownd. Pray wh l means these things. 

Abom We know nothing of those matt rs 

L* Gov 1 ' We are Credibly Informed that there was seen 
twelve Canoe loads of Ind ns at Pemaquid some belonging to 
Penobscot & some to Cape Sables 

Abom It may be so but I know nothing of it. 

L* Gov 1 ' We understand that y e Ind ns at Damaras Cove de- 
mand money of the English for fishing there w* means 
that — 

Abom : There are a great many storys you tele us we are 
sorry for them but are ignorant ab l them 

Pro N: Hamp 8 June 7 th 1716 

Vera Copia Examined p B. Waldron 



Letter from, Indian Chiefs. 

To the Great Gouarnar at Boston. 

We Indian Chiefs Belonging to Pagipscut River, whose 
neames are Under Riten Desiar y l Mr. Baxter may be at 
Pagipscut whear thier is an Interpreter, for he is a very good 
man we heard him Speak well. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 83 

And we Desiar y e Great Governar &: Councill would order 
a small Praying house to be built near the ffort for the Eng- 
lish & us to meet in one Sabath Days 
ffort George at Brunswick Sabatis. X 

Oc br y e 3: 1717 Warenowke X 

John Gyles Intarprater. henegue X 

their marks 



In re Conference at Falmouth. 

According to the Order of the Great and Generall Court 
and in Conformity to the Instructions of His Excellency 
Samuel Shute Esq r Cap 1 General and Governour in Chief 
in and over the Province of the Massachusetts Bay &c To us 
Directed as Commissioners to Treat with the Kenebeck or 
Norridgewock Indians. — 

Upon our Arrival at Falmouth in Casco-bay We found it 
impracticable to proceed further Eastward the weather being 
extream Cold and the Bay in many places Frozen more Es- 
pecially Maquoit where we must have landed if we had gon 
to Brunswick or Fort George. And altho we had agreed 
with the Master of a Scooner then in Harbour to Carry us 
and our baggage yet had no opportunity to proceed There- 
fore we dispatched Six Indians in Three Cannoes to gather 
together the Indians and meet us at Falmouth afores d Mun- 
day the fourth of January when and where the Chiefs and 
others of the Kenebeck Indians to the Number of Twenty five 
came to us 

And as to the Causes and Reasons of the many Insults and 
abuses the Indians have Offered to His Majestys Subjects in 
the Eastern parts. Upon Enquiry and the best Information 
we had obtained Find them to arrise from the English being 
Setled & Setling above or northwestward of Merry-meeting 



84 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Bay particularly Swan Island in Kennebeck River and a 
Setlement called Cork to the Eastward of that River the In- 
habitants at a place called Somersett to the Westward of that 
River All which the Indians utterly deny to have disposed 
of and altho We produced a Deed for a great Tract of Land 
from Small point to Maquoit and so eastward to Kenebeck 
River Yet the Indians Do Constantly Affirm that the persons 
Executing that Deed were all Amriscoggin Indians (except 
one) and never had any Right thereto and that those few 
houses formerly Built there being Houses of Trade and only 
so allowed or permitted by the Indians 

Another Cause why the Indians have been so hauty and 
Insolent was the Encouragement they have had from Mons r 
Vaudruel Governour of Canada that ere long would happen 
a War between the English and French and then the French 
would support & assist the Indians in Disquieting & Disturb- 
ing the English and the false and Cunning Insinuations of 
that Incendiary the Priest Strength'ning and Confirming that 
notion of a War but some of the Indians told us that at the 
last Treaty with that Governo r he Confessed the Peace be- 
tween the Two Crowns was firm and inviolable and therefore 
the English were not to be Abused or Insulted. Yet We 
doubt not the Priest go's on in his inveterate hatred and 
Malice against us. — 

An other Cause of the Indians being out of Temper is there 
being overcome with Rum and Strong Drink Supplyed by 
many of the English living in those parts particularly the 
people on Arrowsick and the man living on Swan Island 
And by many ffishing Vessells and Traders which Drink 
makes the Indians Distracted and very Abusive in their be- 
haviour and Inclinable to Mischief to the Hazard of their our 
lives and the lives of others. — 

The next Article of the Instructions Commands us to take 
care of the Setlements etc in which We are only able to make 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 85 

the following Representation The Town of Wells was the 
most Eastern Setlement that stood the last War, and Since 
the Peace between Great Britain and France the Frontier or 
Setlements have been extended further Eastward to Cape 
Porpus Winter harbour on Saco River, Scarboro Black 
point Spurwink Falmouth North Yarmouth Brunswick 
Topsham Somersett Swan Island Cork Arrowsick and Small 
point all of them (except Falmouth & Arrowsick) very Scat- 
teringly Setled here and there a Family undefensibly and 
not Conformable to the Order of the General Court and its 
almost impossible to protect and defend them in their ir- 
regular livings in Case of a War This new Frontier from 
Wells as the towns are named above and so to Maquoit is in 
length at least One hundred and Thirty miles besides they ly 
exposed as much by water as Land and the Fort at Winter 
harbour can be no place of Retreat or Safety for the In- 
habitants therabout by reason of its being Situate at the End 
of a long Neck of Land and at present much out of Repair. 
And the other Fort at Pejepscott not capable to receive the 
Inhabitants in those parts in case of a Rupture it being so 
Built as not to lodge above fifteen men and their Stores This 
last Fort was originally intended for the hindring the In- 
dians Fishing by the ffalls in that River and their carrying 
their Cannoes But the Indians of Amriscoggen River are 
much lesned there being at present but a very few and indeed 
all the Indians have dwindled into a Third of what their 
number was at the breaking out of the last War and now 
they are Extream poor and destitute of Snow Shoes Cloath- 
ing and all other necessarys of life. The Town of Falmouth 
is Conveniently situated for Trade and Navigation The 
Fishery and particularly for the Mast Trade and Building 
Ships and Setled Compact easily Defended by two Block- 
houses to the Landward and by some mortification to the Sea- 
ward But the people are poor at present and not able to do 



86 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

much thereto The Road by the Sea Side being So very Dif- 
ficult by reason of the many Rivers between Wells and Ken- 
nebeck River to pass over besides the Tarrying for the Tides 
that it should seem very convenient if that other way was 
made passible which would be much nearer and avoid many 
of those Lesser Rivers And we have been well informed of 
the practicableness hereof and that the Government formerly 
and particular persons lately have Expended Considerable 
Sums of money for the opening of that Road 

As to the fifth Clause in the Instructions wherein We are 
Command to Regulate the Trader 

We humbly propose that Two or more Trading houses be 
erected in some Suitable and Convenient places where the In- 
dians may be Supplyed with all necessarys at an Easey and 
Low rate by Officers or Truck masters under Bond and Oath 
for their Fidelity herein and that no more advance be made 
on any sort of Merchandise than what is necessary for the 
allowances to the Truck masters and that all sorts of Peltry 
and Beaver Skins & be effectually prevented from being 
brought from those parts Except what comes thru the 
hands of those Truckmasters by this means all private 
Traders will be discouraged the Indians more Dependent on 
this Government when they find the Justice and ease of Such 
a Trade and finally much prevented of Strong liquors. 

As to our Sounding the Inclinations of the Chiefs the In- 
dians to a Voyage for Great Britain Least they might be 
Suspicious of some Design against them We impowed our 
Two Interpreters and Abomageen to mention it first to some 
of them and to prepare the way for us And when they had 
so don We openly made mention thereof and gave them an 
Invitation to that Voyage ; they seemed well pleased and some 
of them very inclinable vizt, — Abomazeen Capt Samuel and 
especially Sureog and Quenewoys were fond and much set 
for going and declared themselves of that mind in publick 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 87 

and private, and We believe that affair may be happily ef- 
fected in the Spring and We more particularly refer to our 
Treaty with them 

As to the Article and that other Clause in the Instructions 
of Informing the Indians that the English desire to Improve 
no more Land than what we have good Right to and what 
hath been purchased And as to that other Clause relating to 
our giving better information of the Affairs of Europe and 
that other of the Penobscott Indians All which We humbly 
refer to our s d Treaty herewith presented. — 

W m Tailer 



In the House of Representatives 
July 15 th 1720 Read. 
Nov r 4 th 1720 Read. 



W Dudley 
John Stoddard 



Letter of Indians from Fort George, Brunswick. 

May it Pleas your Excy 

This 16 th currant came to me two Indians of y e Penobscot 
tribe w th a message & to hear what nues, named Lues & 
Cesar. — 

Lues We ar sent by our chiefs with a message and to 
discours w th you of affairs supposing y e same as if we saw 
Gouvn Shute. 

Gyles I hope you ar com in a good Day I have orders 
from my Master y e Great Gourn 1 " to Deliver sam Message to 
y e Chiefs of Narangawock & expect you to forward the same 
& I sball inform you of the Particulars. 

L. I would Deliver my Messag furst if you think fitt and 
we Desiar your friendship & then we hope all will Do well. 



88 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Gyles My Orders ar from my Master to be a freud to all 
that ar frends to tins Gourvement and you may Depend one 
it, so you may Deliver your messag. 

Lues we ar Supprised at ye English moveing from Mas- 
concous & Leve their Corn & Creturs ar spoil. I tould them 
I had lookt round to Canaday & saw nothing to hurt them 
and in case I should see eany y' wold harm em they should 
know of in season w th out harms I Expect now as if I wear 
Delivring my messag to Goven r Shute as I deliver it to his 
Cap tn I spake now after our Indian method & I make use 
of your words that we were to acquaint each outher of waity 
Busness. 

Great Govrn r I make use of your words as if King George 
spake them, & Respect them ye same, and we Desiar if you 
hear any ill Report of our Penobscot tribe Pray Let their be 
a fair hearing before Extion y l Rite may take Place. 

I had opportunity to see you Last summer & was kindly 
treated & am thankful for, and sum of ye Councell as we 
took to be went with us to Masconcor & we Expected sum- 
thing of answer concerning ye settling tread would have been 
Delivered by them from yourself, which would have made 
our yong men glad for now they com a great ways, which 
those Gen'men com away suddently sumthing in answer to 
ye tread aifear wold be very Excepta b to us if times go well 
hopeing they will. 

Great Gouvn r you mentiond to us y l you wear a Lover of 
Peas & friendship, we of Panobscut heartyly Desiar y e same 
and have been to advise our brother Narangawock Indians 
that hath a hunted your People, to Consider of them Selves 
& do so no more. 

Great Gouvn r Shute this Belt we Present to you as a Plegg 
of our fidelity & faithfulness to your Self, Pray Except it 
y e same, we now Lay open our hearts to you. Pray have a 
Little Peatiance as to y e Damig Don to your People, we 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 89 

heartyly salute you Great Govrn r & the Great Council and 

hope you will excep our treating w Ul your Cap tn of y e Kings 

forte as if we saw each auther face to face. 

Lues X his mark 
Cesar X his mark 

John Gyles Entarpratar 

fort George Sept m 16, 1720. 



Letter from John Gyles. 

May it Pleas your Excy. 

I have endevrd to Let ye Indian Chiefs know your Excys 

Pleasuer as to ye Damig Don & your messag in order to 

their meeting ye Gen'men at ye time set at arousik I have 

had no opportunity of an answer to yours from ye Chiefs we 

may ges as I hear by the mene fellow y 1 they ar sick & thier 

is a Large Crue of them gon w th thier Cieff toxsos to Canaday 

to have friars seremonys Put on him I shall hear what 

treatment they Receive at Canaday & if Enything Extror- 

denary my Privet informal* I expect to be w th all speed, I 

am your Excellancys Most Dutyful Sarvant 

John Gyles. 
Fort George Sep 1 "' 16, 1720. 

the Indian Wompam 

Belt I have in closd & sent 

in a Pees of Brown Peaper. 



Letter from the Indians to the Gov. Translated 1720. 

To the Govern 1- Generall of Boston &c 

The Indians pray him to give attention to what they repre- 
sent to him relating to the building their church At the be- 
ginning of the work, the workmen would not undertake the 



90 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

work but by the day, seeing they should do the less work & be 
well payd. In effect, altho three of those workmen had never 
handled an ax being tailers by trade or shoomakers or 
weavers. They had each of 'em a beav r skin a day, & Jebis 
i: the Negroe had each of 'em one & almost a half. Thus they 
were payd every Satturday & for their labour having rec d 213 
Beavers, they advanced the building no higher than the 
rising of the windows, — w ch are six feet high. After this 
they were bid to leave off, or to work by the great: there was 
but 10 feet more in heighth to be done, for the building should 
be 16 feet high, 55 long and 24 broad, all the carpentry for 
the roof & belfry being made & prepar'd. Jebis undertakes 
it i^ r asks 600 lb of Beaver, promising that in four months time 
he would finish the building as far as concern'd the Carpent 1 " 
work, that for the boards they must make another bargain. 
The desire they had to see the building finisht caused them to 
agree with his demands, viz 1 600 lb beaver what Jebis prom- 
ised to do in four months is not finisht is not finisht in four 
years. He came hither for nothing almost but to bring- 
where withal to trade with the Indians, & returned after some 
days to carrying away the beaver of his trade & what was 
given him in advance for his work as he demanded it. This 
double profit which he made, carry'd him away to prolong 
the work. 

This last spring he came to make a bargain for the boards 
for the covering for the roof & cieling (or floor). There 
must be 8000 feet He asks for the boards, shingles and nails 
104 lb 5 ° in money. They agree to his demand on condition 
that the building shall be finisht the fall; To which he 
answered that if he did not finish it, he would never handle 
an ax. The bargain concluded he departs to go see his father 
at Menaskonkus, saying he would return in eight days. He 
demands on this last bargain that they advance 200 lb of 
beaver. They let him have 134 Ib Towards the end of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 91 

summer, not being jet returned, they sent to him twice to tell 
him that if lie did not come & finish the building against the 
end of the fall, he should come no more here. But he did not 
regard what was say'd to him, having carry'd away 134 ' 
beaver Tims Jebis has behaved himself, altho they always 
treated him well. The mischief nevertheless would be more 
tolerable, if he had wrought well, & that he had made a hand- 
some & good building. But whoever will view it will find 
these defects. 

1 He has plac't it just as the ground was, instead of 
digging it to the firme earth as he ought to have done 

2. In squaring the pieces, he has kept no measure, nor 
made use of any rule, that so he might have done the sooner, 
therefore there is not the same thickness in the pieces, but all 
of different thicknesses w ch has occasion'd the building to be 
larger above by 10 inches then it is below. 

3. Of the five doors that there are, there is not one that is 
well. This appears at first sight to the eye, there is not one 
that is on a levell & all larger above by four fingers than be- 
low. It is just so with the windows. 

4 The boards could not be worse saw'd than they are. 
They are on one side a great deal thinner than on t'other, & 
all saw'd twisting 

5. The joyst to uphold the cieling are ill cut & bending 
under 'em like rushes. 

6 The bellfry is not all solid. The two workmen that 
covered it, not without fear, advised not to put a bell there, 
assuring 'twould fall down as soon as 'twas rung. Neverthe- 
less we have two to put there. 

7 The covering of shingles is ill made, it's easy to see the 
holes that are in it. 

8 I leave the other smaller defects, in a word, one may 
onely see the building to judge that 'tis ill done, altho he has 



92 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

been pay'd much more for it than it is worth, one could not 
believe it, but we put down the particulars. . ■ 

1. Two hundred & thirteen beaver to the heighth of the 
windows. 

2. 600 b beaver for the rest. This has all been pay'd & 
regulated. Here is what he should have furnisht on the last 
bargain, respecting the boards, the shingles & nails. He 
should have supplyd with eight thousand feet of boards, 16 
thousand of small nails, 5 thousand a little bigger for the 
boards, that is what he sa3 r d & what was agreed on. Here is 
what he has furnisht. For the covering and the roof 3420 
pieces of boards, for the vault 2250 feet without placing them. 
He made the shingles for the covering. He knows what that 
is worth The small nails were enough for the covering. As 
for the others there was scarce enough to nail the boards of 
the covering & he sayd in the agreement that he had brought 
5000 & that we might depend upon it. We believed him, & 
likewise for the price 18 s p thousand, altho we very well knew 
that they com but 14 s This is all that he has done & fur- 
nisht relating to the last agreement. This is evident to the 
eye, for which he has reed at divers times, as he demanded it. 

24 1 14 beaver w th one other. 



\ He can deny nothing 
of all this, & he agrees 
to it in effect. 



41 1 beav r 43 martins 
53 1 beav r 
28* beav r 
134 1 beav r 

As we made the last agreement by reckoning by shillings, 
we also reckon the paym 1 by shillings, the pound of beaver 
3/ s 6 d the same each martin, Lut us suppose now what he 
has done & supply'd with what he has received, 'twill be found 
that he is indebted 300 or near 300/s, that on the contrary 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 93 

if we are indebted to him he would have no reason to ask 
paym* for his bad work, to prolong the time of work & in fine 
for abandoning it. He that quits the game looses it. There 
is no place in the world where justice is kept, where they were 
not condemn'd to mend what haa been considerably ill done, 
that if they refus'd it, others should do it at their charge, or 
he should be condemned to return what he shall be adjudged 
to. This is what the Indians represent to the Gov 1 " General] 
of Boston. Jebis has not acted more faithfully in building 
my house, length 19 feet broad, 11 & half, & 7 hight — he was 
to do & finish it. I was to supply nothing but the boards f«.r 
the covering which the Indians had made for me. I had 
more than was wanting. I likewise furnisht all the nails 
great & small. He askt me for my house 280" of beaver. I 
told him the negroe would have done it for 150 b but as he 
told me that he did not understand working well to do it, 1 
prefer'd him to the negroe, believing in effect that he would 
do it very well as he promist me, for that reason I gave him 
as much more as 'twas worth. I promist him 260 b beaver 
to engage him to do it well. A year after he works on it, no1 
regarding anything that he had promist & that he was obliged 
to do. The bargain is written down after which I imme 
diately advanc't to him 260 b beaver. We see his bad faith 
in all. I caused it to be made known to him, & he says noth- 
ing. I say no more here, & I would not have say*d it wore it 
not to let it be seen how much money he has drawn from this 
Village without reckoning his trading. 

I am told nevertheless that he is a beggar, & that he is in- 
debted everywhere, to verify what is say'd that goods ill 
gotten do not profit. I did not expect this of him. All that 
the Indians represent to the Govern 1 " they sayd to Jebis here 
in fall Councill to which lie could give no answer. But 
otherwise he will make use of lying to defend himself. 



94 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indian Conference at Georgetown. 

Att a Treaty with the Indians at Georgetown 8 th 12 th 1720 

Present, The Hon ble Shadrach Walton Esq 1 " Commiss 1- 
for The Province of New Hanip 1 " & Command 1- in Chief of 
the forces at y e Eastward, attended by the Gent. & His officers. 

Edward Hutchinson Esq r | 

John Penhallow Esq 1 " \ 

Indians Present. 

Viz* — Cap 1 Sam : alias Terramaquin 1 Sagamores 

° f 
Cap 1 Jo : alias Ouwoorana J Narridgw h 

Walton, Yon heard of Commiss rs to be sent from Boston 
to Treat w th you 

Inds, Yes 

Walton, The governm* were not Certainly informed, 
whether the Indians would be ready to meet 'em at their 
Coming down or not, so I am Directed to inform you that the 
Commis rs do intend to Treat w th you & that they appoint 
Piscat q if it he not Possible to come there, to be at Casco Bay 
or at Arrowsick Island. 

Ind s We cannot resolve that Question at what place, w ch 
we must Discourse our young men about. 

Walton. I have one thing to Let you know before you go 
back (to the Island) You are come together under the King 
of France Colours, & I Desire & order you to take 'em down 
before you come again with your Answer An English Flagg 
you may wear, but no french Colours will I admitt of, and if 
yon Come again & not Strike 'em I shall not talk with you 

Ind 3 Before we come again we will do it 

Walton, its well, if you do otherwise I shall Command 
my men to ... 

Walton When you went away I ordered you to Strike the 
Flagg have you done it 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 95 

Indians Yes S r We have obeyed y r Command 

Walton Have you Consulted w th your young- men where 
to meet. 

I ikI : We have seen upon that & have Considered it Can- 
not be done this winter because of our hunting w h we Depend 
upon for our Sustenance. 

Walton This is a business of importance & its not Safe 
to let it Lye in Suspense so long & altho your whole Tribes 
cannot come together you may do it by Missionary^, some of 
y l Sagamores or Chief men may be sent — 

Indians As to that we shall Discourse our ffriends att 
Narridgwalk & Penopscut & give you an Answer by Cap 1 
< ivies the Interp* as soon as possible. 

Walton You must be speedy in that affair its a matter of 
importance and you can do it in a week at farthest. 

Ind s We think it can not be done in less than 15 days bul 
that is the Longest time & we will do it in less if possible 

Walton Have you any to offer me. 

Ind s No. 

Walton. I am now sent down here to Keep you Peaceable, 
you threatned & abused y e English, you have killed their 
Cattle <Src. Contrary to former Treaties & Promises & if you 
do any further Damage I shall order my men to take the first 
Indian they meet with & he shall be kept as a prisoner 'till 
yon bring & Deliver me the men or man that did the Damage 
or abused the English so that he or they may be punished ac- 
cording to our Laws, for T T is or their Misbehaviour. I have 
a sufficient number of men to do it *Sc I order you to behave 
your Selves quiet & peaceable upon your Peril. I give you 
timely and friendly Warning. 

Indians. If any of y e English hurt us, we hope & desire 
to be righted 

Walton Yes yon shall, & ye man or men that does it shall 
be punished by our Laws ^r if any abuse happen to yon while 



96 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I am here I shall endeavour to see it done, & y e Goverm 1 have 
appointed Justices of y e p ce Cap 1 Penhallow here, Capt. 
Moody at Casco, Cap 1 Gray at Winter Harbour, and you will 
have the benefit of y e Laws when abused (if you apply your 
Selves to any of them) as English men have 

Ind s We like that well & we will acquaint our young men 
of it 

Walton The Garrison Houses in this part of y e Country 
are Kept by Sold rs & y e Garrisons in this Town are strictly 
Kept you are to take care not to come suddenly or rudely into 
'em w th out Knocking or Calling Least some Sold er upon y e 
Sentry may do you Damage 

Indian We Like that well also. 

Walton You have Abused y e English & threatned to kill 
them if they did not go off of ye Land they settled upon, & 
the Gov r has Directed that Deeds of y e Land should be shown 
you Accordingly here are Deeds for Lands y e English Bot 
of you Seventy years ago, Viz 1 of Abbagaduset & Kenebis & 
others upon this River, that you may see what the English 
Claim they have a Just Right unto 

Indians We Cannot say much to that now, but upon the 
Coming of y e Commiss 118 you may have 'em read if you please. 

Walton The sooner you Consult that the time may be sett 
for this General Meeting the Better. 

Indian Wee will be as Speedy as possible. 

Walton I want to see some of y e Penopscut men for when 
I was at Casco Peter an Indian who was Lately at Boston 
told me that all y e Dam a that was done the English of Late 
was by the Kennebeck Indians & not by that tribe & that 
they were informed by Penopscut men if they did persist in 
it they Expected the English would demand Satisfaction w h 
if they did they might expect to Answer it for that they would 
not Stand by them 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 97 

Indians The Penopscnt men have been so Just as to Warn 
their own men as well as ours from doing damage to the 
English 

Walton If your young men do Damage, the whole Tribe 
they belong to must be accountable for it, if I dont meet with 
the Particular Persons that do y e Damage, & you must not 
Shift it of upon your young men, w h is the Excuse you al- 
ways make & if you Cannot Govern your young men, as I am 
sent down here for that and I am Resolved to do it I De- 
sire you to Let me know the names of the Principal men that 
accompany you and that are now w th y e rest of y r men upon 
Puddlestone Island 



L 1 Joseph 

Cap 1 Looraw f p en opscut 

Quehooorada f 

Acteon J 

Terramaquin L l Gov r 
Oawaarana Saggamore j 

Ouwangoununquit Saggamore ( Norridg- 
Woosawmewis Cap 1 \ woks 

Umbaquewee L l / 

If you have nothing further to say I have done & I wish 

you well. 

Georgetown Octo r 12 th 1720 

Conference with Indians at Georgetown. 

At a Conference with the Cheifs & some Others of the 
Kenebeck Indians at Georgetown Novemr y e 25 th 1720 
Present 

Shadrack Walton Esqr \ Commissionrs 

Samll Moody Esqr I on behalf 

Capt Johnson Harmon ( of the 

Capt John Wainwright / Governmt. 



98 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

Warm wcu set alias Mogg \ 
Wowurna Alias Capt Joseph / 



Obomawhawk 

John Ilegon 
Tnddebawhnnsewit 
Ketteramuffffus alias Moses 



also of ye 
Indians 



, ,^r-^ , 



Interpreters 

Lei 1 Joseph Bean 

Mr. Samll Jordan being sworn 



'•'- 



Com 1 ' 3 Tell the Sachem's & Other Indians here present yt 
we fonr Gent n are Authorised & Impowered by a Commission 
from Our great Governor, pursuant to a Vote of the Great 
Court & Assembly yt are now sitting at Boston to Manage a 
Treaty with yon at this time & according to appointmt here 
at Arrowsick 

Ind ns We are very well satisfyed yt you are so Authorized 
& Impowered 

Com rs We presume yt yon are also authorized & sent by 
yr Tribe & yt yon represent them, & we suppose it to be ye 
same thing as if yr whole Tribe were here present to Act 

Ind We desire that the People may be removed from 
Merry Meeting 

Com rs That's no answer to w* we proposed ; That matter 
may be discoursed in the proper place & season. Tell us 
wether you represent your Tribe, & how we shall know yt 
you are sent to Act on y r behalf ? We Insist upon y r answer 
because we would leave no room for any of ye People to make 
Objections against your Proceedings afterwds — 

Ind Mogg (holding a Belt of Wampum over his head) 
replyed, we are all upon a Hill in Vew of all ye Indians, 
who see & know yt we are here to act for them, & this Belt is 
a Token of it This is Our letter & Commission — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 99 

Com rs If that be y r letter cV Commission, & a token of 
y r being Irnpower'd we are satisfyed — We shall then pro- 
ceed 

Ind We desire we may go on with Our talk first that the 
people yt are upon Our land at Merre Meeting may be 
removed 

Com™ We'll not be Interrupted: but will proceed with 
w' we were about to offer & you may have ye liberty after- 
ward to say what you please reffering to yt matter — you cant 
but remember yt Severall Gent were sent down ye last Winter 
to Casco bay where they had a conference with severall of 
ye Cheifs of ye tribe & at yt time acquainted you with ye 111 
Carriage of ye people towards ye English Inhabiting those 
parts of y r e Country. In killing their Creatures threatning 
& Insulting y r Persons, & unjustly desturbing y r setlements 
and demanded satisfaction for ye Wrongs done us, which you 
then firmly promissed to make in ye spring as soon as you 
could assemble your whole tribe to consult ye matter — But 
Instead of complying w th those promisses & Engagem' 8 , you 
have on ye Contrary repeated your Insults & barbarous 
Carage's of that kind which we are now to acquaint you that 
the Government will bear no longer; and we are direct d by 
his Maj (ys Governm 1 to demand ye reason of your non-comply- 
ance with y r Promisses so sollemnlv made to those commis- 
sioners & have made no restitution for ye Wrongs done us, 
Eighther the lasl year or ye Summer past: We Expect your 
Answer to those things forthwith 

Ind We did not sit in Councill about that Matter till 
lately 

Com 1 " 3 Tell us why you did not when you so solleinnly 
promissed \ & w' is ye result of your late Councill. 

Ind The reason why we did not meet sooner, was because 
there were so many reports of mischief Done, & so much noise 
yt we could not assemble to consult 



100 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Com rs Who did any mischief but yr selves ? What oc- 
casion'd all that noise but y r Insolent Carrage toward the 
English & y r base treatm* of the Inhabitants in those parts — 
as we have already hinted to you 

Ind We are sensible y* Our young men were ye Occasions 
of the disturbance yt has happened, & we have striven to 
binder them as much as in us lies. 

Com rs Then you Ought to Govern your young men & 
punish them for their Insolence & If you can't restrain them 
you should have Informed us of it & have deliver'd ym to us, 
in order to y r being brought to better manners and you have 
Oblidged y r selves by all former Treaty's not to disturb us in 
our settlem ts And yet have suffer'd your young men to persist 
in yr Insolent behavour towards our Inhabitants to yr great 
discouragm 1 & Damage 

Ind We desire to go on with our talk — If all those people 
were removed from Merry Meeting bay, all other Differences 
between us would be easyly composed, — 

Comr s You will still break in upon us ; to evade yt matter 
which we are firmly resolved to Insist on. Tell us w 1 you de- 
termined at y r late Councill. 

I We are come here to desire peace and long life & as a 
token of Our Sincerity, we offer these 2 belts of Wampum — 
three of our towns have held a great Councill — We are In- 
capacitated to make restitution for y e Damage done this fall 
but we will endeavour to do it by y e next June or July — let 
us know w* we are to pay ? 

Com rs You promissed before, yt youl'd pay this Fall but 
have not complyed. Abomazen wn at Piscataquay desired y* 
the Indians might be allowed till ye time of y r fall Hunting 
to pay, for y e Damage done us, & now you would put it off 
till next June or July, but we shall give you no farther time 

Ind Did Abomazen give any letter or lay down any 
Wampum for the binding of his Promise 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

Com rs You threw down Wampum at the great treaty on 
Arrowsick with his Excellency Govern 1 " Shute, yet that was 
far from being binding to you, for you have since been guilty 
several times of a manifest breach of the Articles you then 
signed & sealed in ye presents of God & many wittnesses — 

Ind. But this hath been a stronger Councill, & we now 
resolve to be as good as Our words. 

Com 1 ' 3 Was your late Councill stronger than w' you 
formerly mett at his Ex ly Governour Dudley at Casco, when 
all y r tribes were assembled, and there called the great God 
to witness of ye Sincerity of yr hearts, & made the most 
solemn protestations Immaginable in ye light of ye Sun 
(wh: you then Declared was a Witness to that Days Trans- 
action) that you would live quietly & peaceably, & no more 
molest and Disturb ye Engl in ye setlem 1 Was you Coun- 
cill stronger y n w n you met his Ex Iy our Present Governour at 
this place, which we have Already hinted to you when you 
laid you selves under as strong Bonds, as was possible by belt 
of Wampum you then offered — ? All which (besides many 
other sollemn promisses & Covenants lately made with us) 
you have perfidiously broken, As you cannot but acknowledge. 
What reason have you to think we can give any Credit to 
what you now say ? What security will you give us y l you 
will make us satisfaction in ye spring for ye Injurys done us, 
for we will take your words no longer — Here they paused 
for some time & made no Answer. 

Ind s It's our young men y 1 don't attend our prayer's y' 
have done you y l Damage Your men have also Injured us 
but we are loth to Complain. 

Com rs If you have any Complaints to offer, we are will- 
ing to hear them but you are comeing of from ye Buisiness 
we are upon — We Demand security of you for ye paymt of 
w l is Due for y e Damage done. 



102 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Ind s How many skins are we to pay, give ns a letter or 
Acct of it 

Com rs Capt Gyles bad an Acco 1 this last summer which he 
was ordered to communicate to you, 

Ind Only one of us vizt John Hegon heard it 

Com rs He ought to have told ye rest 

Inds It is customary when any one of us hear of such a 
thing to inform y e rest but He did not do it 

Com rs We have reason to think you have been fully In- 
formed of it, for several of y r Indians told Our People yt they 
were going to hunt for skins to make paym 1 for the English 
were sick for want of their skins & they sh d be sick also If the 
people were not removed from Merry Meeting. But Indeed 
y e half of what is Our Due was not insert'd in y e Ace 1 & we 
can name y e men j l have done us y e Wrong — And Accord- 
ingly several persons were mentioned. 

Ind Those were our young men yt dont pray 

Com 1 " It is not only your young men, for here is IsTath" 
present yt is one of y r Old men & hath been notoriously guilty 
of insulting Our people, & you shall punish him, or we will 
cause him to be well scourged. There is Capt Joseph — also 
yt was present when some of yr people killed a Hogg belong- 
ing to One Stockbridge for which he hath rec d no satisfaction 
so yt yr Old men are guilty 

You are the Heads of your tribes and must answer for what 
they do But to make short of the matter we demand 200 skins 
of you which is but a small matter in comparison of the In- 
juries you have done us. And tho you were ordered at a Con- 
ference some of us had with you the last month to warn your 
young men of their 111 cariage they have persisted in it & 
some of your people have within a few days past broken a 
lock & robbed a sloop at Casco Bay which is Death by Our 
law. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

Ind We did faithfully warn our young men, hut they are 
a vagahond sort of Men, yt will not take warning. 

Corn 1 " 3 If you cant restrain those Insolent young men you 
will force ns to take our own satisfaction: The Governm' has 
always treated you fairly & is very tender of shedding any 
Blood, But if you will not reform hut will constrain them to 
use any Violent proceedings against you must thank your 
selves for any Mischiefs yt may ensue. And here we must 
further observe to you how wickedly the Jesuit has imposed 
on you, more Espeacially by informing you of a war between 
Great Brittain <fe France, whereas the two nations are in a 
strict league of friendship & have a Prospect to continue so, 
for a long time. (So yt upon your own knowledge & Observa- 
tion of these matters) you may be satisfyed of His Falseness 
& Deceit, & may make it very evident to you, yt ye false In- 
sinuations of ye Father Rale (yt in case of a Breach between 
the English & you, The French will afford you yr aid & as- 
sistance) can have no other Tendency, but y r our Utter ruin & 
Distraction 

— To which they made no reply 

Com rs We shall leave these things to y r Consideration & 
Adjourn till the afternoon. 

Afternoon at 4a Clock met again 

Com rs Have you Considered what we last proposed to 
you. We must have satisfaction <\: good Security for your 
Behaveour. 

Inds We have Considered of it tV will leave one of Our 
Old .Men viz': — Terramuggus yt is here pres 1 as a pledge for 
the complyance with Our promisses & IngagenV 

Com 1 " 3 He is an Old man <v one yt you have reject d & 
turned out of your Councill & we don't think Him a sufficient 
security — 



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ind 8 He was of Our Councill & we dont know yt he hath 
been Excluded. 

Com™ We have been Informed yt He was shut out by y r 
jesuite, but wether yt be true or false We do not see cause to 
Accept of Him, altho we suppose Him to be as Honest a man 
as any of you, yet wee neighther think it to be reasonable or 
Honourable for us to comply with you in yt regard — We 
must have better Security. 

Ind 3 He is one of Our Principal Men & we still insist 
upon leaving of Him as a Pledge — 

Com rs We will have 3 more of your Principall young- 
men & you shall pay ye charge of their subsistance for we 
will not bring any charge upon y e Governm 1 

Ind s We desire to withdraw for some time to consult 
among our selves 

Com rs Make all y e dispatch you can — We will give you 
half an hour. 

They withdrew Accordingly & returned in half an Hour. 

Com rs We are now ready to hear what you have de- 
termined 

Ind 8 We will leave three of Our Chiefs. We are sending 
2 to Penobscut 2 to Norridgewock & 2 to Pigwakkik & we 
have no more here yt we can spare. 

Com re We must take a little time to consider this matter 
& will give you our final Determination to morrow morning — 
We shall order you a little Provision & something to drink 
this Evening, & we strictly charge you yt you don't abuise 
your selves by drinking too much — Some of your people 
were drunk last night, & one of them drew A knife upon one 
of our Inhabitants; which was an Insufferable abuse. You 
may assure your selves, yt we are in Earnest with you, & we 
are resolved not to take such base Treatm 1 at your hands: 
therefore we advise you to be very cautious. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 105 

Ind s We desire one word more, we like what you have 
offer'd, only you are pleased to tell us, yt you cant assure us 
of ye Governm' bearing the ( "barge of Our .Mens Subsistence. 

Com rs You shall bear y e charge yt nniy arise for y" sub- 
sistence of your Hostages, unless ye Governm 1 shall see cause 
to favour you in yt matter 

Saturday Xov r y e 26 met about nine a Clock in y e morning 

Com rs We have well considered of what you propossed 
yesterday of leaving only three of your Chiefs with us. and 
can by no means consent to It. You shall be Oblidged to 
bring the 200 skins within 25 days, and at y e same time shall 
deliver 4 of your Chiefs into our hands there to remain, 
During y e pleasure of ye Governm 1 And any greater number 
yt ye Governm 1 shall demand, as security (not only for paym 1 
of those skins in case you fail of performing your Obligation) 
but for your good behaviour towards the English for the 
future — 

Ind s We approve of w l you say & we hope within 6 days 
to Inform our whole Tribe of what we have done. 

Com rs Do you really consent to what we propose ? 

Ind s We do consent to it, & will comply with your de- 
mand. 

Corn 1 ' 3 Tell us what men you will leave, for we will not be 
imposed upon, or accept of any but your principal men, & 
we doubt not but y e Governm' will allow of your Exchainging 
them for y e like number of as good men in < Jonvenient time 

Ind 3 We have Determined to Deliver into your hands Jn° 
Hegon: Terremuggus, Obomohawk-Currebooset, ^V in case of 
his failing Tuddebawhunsewit his brother shall supply His 
place These are ye four 

Com 1-3 It is well: we have drawn up something for you 
to sign as an Obligation for the true performance of what you 
now promisse & Ingage — And after you have signed this In- 
strument, you shall have ye liberty to go on with what you 



10G DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

were about to propose to ns concerning' your land, & the In- 
habitants of Merremeeting Bay — or any Other matter which 
Miu have to offer 

The Obligation is as follows viz 1 

At A Conference held at George Town with the Com- 
missioners authorized & Impowered by ye Governour & great 
Council! of Boston to treat with ye Indians of Kenebeck 
Kiver Novem r 1720 

We the Subscribers Delegates of the tribe of ISTorridgewock 
in Kenebeck, being Convicted & made deeply sensible of the 
repeated wrongs & Injuryes done by our tribe to ye English 
residing in those parts, for several years past, in killing their 
Creatures, & Disturbing their settlements, contrary to former 
Treatys, Covenants and promisses — Do by these Presents 
— for our selves & in behalf of the tribe whom we Represent, 
firmly promise & Ingage to pay to the s d Commissioners Viz 1 
Coll Shadrach Walton Esq r Capt Sam" Moody Esq r Capt 
Johnson Harmon Capt John Wainwright or their Order, At 
ye Town of Falmt h In Casco Bay, Two Hundred good large 
Beaver Skins or Other furrs or feathers Equivalent to sd 
Skins within twenty five Days after ye Date of these Pres- 
ents ; And at ye Day prefixt to deliver up four of Our Chiefs 
• — Vizt Lackwadawmeck Alias John Hegon — Obomawhawk 
— Ketterramuggus Cnrreboosett as Hostages not only for ye 
Security of s d Paym* of 200 skins (in case of our default, but 
s d Hostages still to remain in the Hands of the Governm 1 to 
be subsisted & maintained at our Cost & Charge) And we do 
further covenant & promisse yt the above s d Hostages or any 
greater number yt the Governm 1 shall demand after s d Paym 1 
is well and truely made shall then be delivered into the hands 
of English to remain & abide as Pledges & security for our 
good Behaviour for ye time to come In Witness whereof we 
have hereunto set our Hands, *fc Seals this twenty sixth Day of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 107 

Novemb 1 " In y e seventli year of his Majes tys Reign Annoq Dom 
1720 



Signed Sealed & Delivered 




In Presents of 




Isaack Taylor 


Mark of 


Rob' Temple 


Mogg (seal) 


Joseph Bean 


Murk of 


Sam 11 Jordan 


Wowurnapa Jo (seal) 


Alex r Forsyth 


Mark of 


John Parker 


Tuddebaw hnnsewit 


Thos Newman 


Mark of 


Eben r Allen 


Kettera Muggus 




Mark of 




John Hegon 



Mark of 
Obomaw hawk 
The afores d Instrument was several times distinctly & 
faithfully interpreted to them which they declared yt they 
rightly understood, & accordingly signed sealed & delivered 
the same in the presence of ye aforsd wittnesses 
Com rs Have you now anything to offer to us. 
Ind s We have no more to say at present — 
Com 1 " 8 You offer'd something yesterday about your lands 
& removeing the Inhabitants from Merry Meeting 
I nd' We have said all yt we were ordered to say 
Com rs You declared yt you did not approve of our 
people's setling there & yon have now y e liberty to proceed — 
But in as much ;is you decline it we have something to Offer 
to you upon yt head. We are directed by the Governm' to 
toll you yt the English have no design to take y r country or 
any of your Lands from you: or to deprive you of any <>l' 
your just Rights or Priveledges — The (Maims of the Eng- 
lish to these Lands in Kenebeck river have been Examined, & 
we are fully satisfved yt the English have a good title there- 
unto as appears by their Deeds & Conveyances from Indians, 



108 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Above 70 years since ; And ye Governm 1 resolved to defend 
the Proprietors in these their Just Rights. Its therefore in 
vain for you to Expect yt ever those Inhabitants will be re- 
moved — The Government is very loth to draw the sword 
which you have given them just provocation to do. But you 
may depend upon it that the forces which have been raised 
at a vast Expense for y e curbing your Insolence, will not be 
disbanded till you have complyed with the Obligation, you 
have now laid your selves under And if you will constrain us 
by your repeat'd Insults to any Violent proceedings, we have 
force Enough : & will pursue you to your Headquarters 
(which we are well acquainted with, & can easely take Pos- 
session of ) & will not leave you till we have cut you off Root 
and Branch from ye Face of the Earth — It will be your 

Interest to consider these things, & you may beleive yt we 

i 

are in Earnest & this is ye last warning we shall give you — 
And If you Imagine you can make your tearms more Easy 
with ye Governm 1 You may have liberty to go to Boston as 
soon as you please. 

Inds. We are well satisfyed & will comply with all yt you 
have offered 

Thus Ended the Conferance which we hope will be accept- 
able to yr Excellency & the Governm 1 as attested by us 

Sha d Walton 
Sam 11 Moody 
Vide "JSIew France in New England" 
Baxter. 



Letter of Yandrenil to Father Rale. 

Quebec Le 25 th September, 1721. 
I received my Reverend Father your Letters of the 4 th of 
August 10 th and 14 th this month. I have a great deal of Sat- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 100 

isfaction in your having found means in Consert with the 
Reverend Father Superior to reunite all the Indians in the 
same sentiments, and to Inspire them with that Resolution 
with which they treated the English in their [nterview with 

them. I am also very well Satisfied with the Message they 
sent the Governour of Boston I am persuaded it will Em- 
barass him & that he will Elude as much as he can an answer ; 
But it's for your Indians to see what they have to do, if after 
the Remonstrance they gave him he do not Satisfy their de- 
mands — for me I am of the Sentiment, if they have taken 
a Sincere Resolution not to suffer the English on their Lands, 
that they ought not to Suspend chasing them out as soon as 
possible & by all sorts of means, seing they dont prepare to 
retire on their own accord — Your people ought not to fear 
the want of ammunition since I send them a sufficiency as you 
may see & the Memorandum Inclosed, and that 111 continue 
with the other succors they shall want having orders not to 
let them want and even to sustain them if the English At- 
tacks them wrongfully. — 

Im charmed Susrene has thus Distinguished himself in 
this Treaty, and that he has Laboured as he has done That 
the Speech of the Nation was such to the English he'll re- 
ceive for his son marks of the Satisfaction I have for him or 
his Services for I have sent all you desired for him 

It is not the Malavuins that are a Setling the Use of S l 
Johns, that Island & that of Magerleine, and others that are 
in the Gulph S' Lawrence having been (liven by the King to 
M r Le Compte de S' Pierre, who causes it to be Inhabited for 
the Codd fishery Seils and Sea Cows So that your Abenaki- 
cant Expect any thing from that place. 

I will Consult with the Rev d Father Superior after what 
manner I shall receive those of your Village that were at- 
tached to the English, they are on the way, and, may be here 
about all Saints, but you may depend I will make the De- 



HO DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

graded sensible how much I'm Discontent with their Conduct 
I am perfectly my Reverend father 

Your Most humble & obed 1 Servant 

Signed Vandreuil 

Yon may promise a great Medal of the King Reigning to 
him that shall be chosen for Chief in the place of him De- 
graded. — 

To the Rev d ffather Ralle. 
Copy Examined J Willard Secy. 

Letter — Original French, — by the Jesuit Rale and Asso- 
ciates, yet signed "La Nation Abnaquise et des Sauvages des 
allieth." 
sent to the "Great Captain of the English." July 28, 1721. 



Journal of Proceedings of Delegates of Six Nations. 

The Journal of the proceedings of the Commissioners ap- 
pointed by His Excellency the Governour and Council to 
attend the Delegates of the Six Nations Eastward. — 
Wednesday 

October 10 th about 4 P. M. 

We embarqued on board the Sloop Two Brothers John 
Alden Master. Friday following being the 12 th of Octob r 
We arrived at Falmouth in Casco Bay about Seven in the 
morning We anchor'd between Papooduck and Casco Neck. 
We immediately went on Shoar and took up two Rooms at 
Cap 1 Collers and after we had put one Room into some Toller- 
able order We called the Indian Delegates together and In- 
formed them that We were sent by the Governour and Council 
of the Massachusetts Province to accompany them to the 
Eastward in Order to their having an Interview with the 
Indians in those parts as an Instance of the Governments 
respect to them. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 111 

After Congratulating to them their Safe Arrival and ob- 
serving to them the good providence of God to us in all our 
Voyage We told them We were of Opinion that Casco was 
the most Suitable place to meet the Eastern Indians at ; For 
that it was the Center of the Eastern Country and the nearesl 
place to the Indians where they could be well accommodated 
with houses to Lodge in— We then put it to them whether 
they were well Satisfied with the place. They made us no 
answer but desired time to consider 

We then asked to them if they would send an Express to 
call in any of the Eastern Indians And told them if they de- 
sired to send one of the Captive Indians as their Messenger 
that he should be Dispatched with all possible Safety and as 
they should Direct They then enquired how the Indians 
were to come whether by Land or Water. We answered that 
they would come Chiefly by water and added that if they 
were inclined to stay at Casco till they should have an answer 
from the Indians they should be as well treated and as safely 
guarded as we our Selves For which they returned us their 
hearty thanks. We then shewed them a draught of Kenne- 
beck River and Chaulked out the Country to Penobscot and 
Explained it that so the Delegates might be themselves the 
Judges of the Suitableness of the place aforesaid for to Treat 
at. The Delegates then consulted among themselves whether 
they should send to Penobscot or to Narridgwack the Major 
part seemed inclined to send to Penobscot. Hut we then told 
them that the Keiinebeek Indians were the Aggressors and 
that their Tribe bad frequently Treated with the English and 
oftcnest broken their [faith. The Delegates not entirely 
agreeing in their Opinions about the matter. They con- 
cluded to Consult the Messenger and leave it to him to Chuse 
the way he should think most Expeditious. Accordingly 
Abraham was called in and we shew him a Map of the Coun- 
try and told him that if he should Chuse to go to Narridgwack 



112 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

we were of Opinion he might be snpplved with a Birch 
Cannoa in Kennebec River and we should give Orders ac- 
cordingly. The Messenger chose to go to Naridgwack. We 
then desired the Indian Delegates to Consider what Message 
to send for that the aforesaid Indian was their Messenger and 
not ours. The Delegates went out and Consulted together. 
After Dinner the Indians sent us word by an Interpreter that 
they had something to say to us if we were at Leisure to hear 
them. We sent for them and told them we were now ready to 
hear what they had to say. They then told us that they al- 
ways understood that they were to go up to the Indians Castle 
or Conntrey themselves. But inasmuch as we had here made 
our Fire they would send to the Indians But were of Opinion 
it was altogether inconvenient to send the Captive Indian 
alone. They had therefore concluded to send one of their 
own number and with him a belt of Wampum to invite the 
Indians to come and see them and Col. Schuyler added that 
they were now ready to send away their Messengers and 
would send them to day or when we pleased. And told us 
further that they had Ordered their Messengers to inform 
the Indians that the Reason why they did not come in person 
was because some of their number were taken Sick and neces- 
sarily detained by the way; and therefore they must not 
think it strange that they did not come to their Fire as they 
might have otherwise Expected They proceeded to say That 
they had Instructed their Messengers to tell the Indians they 
were going to, that ye Delegates of the Six Nations were come 
to Speak with them for Two Ends. One that as they were 
Friends to the English they might know the Reason why 
they had made Warr upon the English— And Secondly that 
they might Confer peaceably together. They Desired then 
to know wither the things they had offered were agreeable to 
us and added that they should use their utmost Endeavors to 
oblige the Eastern Indians to live peaceably with the Eng- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 113 

lish We answered that we looked upon their Sending one 
of their own number as a Token of their Favor and Thank't 
them. 

We then told them that the Great Governour and Council 
that sent us never thought of their going into the Indian 
Country themselves and we had no Instructions about any 
such matter But if they were desirous to go any further Even 
to any English Setlement we were ready to accompany them. 
Nevertheless we were of Opinion that the place we were now 
was most Suitable for the Reasons before mentioned They 
answered that they well enough likt the place but were sur- 
prised they were not informed of the place of Treaty before 
they came here and said they were now ready to dispatch 
their Messengers. We told them we had taken Care to pro- 
vide a good Whale boat and Crew to carry them as farr as 
Arrowsick and would dispatch them as soon as possible. 

We told them we were Sorry that a Certain Interpreter 
who usually resided at Casco Bay was absent for that he well 
understood the way to Narridgwack and if he were here 
would be a good Pilot and Companion. The Indians then 
Desired that all acts of Hostility might cease at the present. 
For Say'd they if our Messengers shall come to any harm in 
their way it will prove of very ill Consequence. We then 
told them We never so much as thought of their sending one 
of their own Number ; Otherwise we should before now have 
concerted Measures for their Safety. We told them it was 
true we had an Army ou1 and in the way to Narridgwack 
But we would send an Express to the Commanding Officer 
of the Forces to suffer their Messengers to pass and repass 
with all safety and to afford them all assistance that should 
be necessary and that he immediately give the same Orders 
to all under his Command And that he and they should like- 
wise suffer all the Indians that should come in upon their 
Invitation to come safely and without Molestation. We told 



114 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

them we had prepared a Whale boat and Seven men to Carry 
them to Arrowsick and that we had given orders that they 
should carry them as farr as Richmond if there should be 
Occasion and added that the Major of the Town out of his 
tender Regard to their Safety had concluded to send his own 
son to guard and accompany their Messengers. They re- 
turned ns their hearty thanks. We then Congratulated each 
other upon the happy Issue of Affairs thus far We then told 
them we were all to continue under the same Roofe and we 
should he as Tender of their Safety and make as good pro- 
vision for their Entertainment as for our own and asked if 
they had any thing further to say at this time They answered 
they had nothing more to say now. 

In the Evening about Seven of the Clock a Whale Boat 
and six hands under the Command of Lieu' Joshua Moody 
were got ready. 

Upon which we Consulted the Indians whither they would 
send their Messenger that night or the next day They 
answered that they had Chosen Taeragonout to go to Narridff- 

*J O O O O 

wack, upon which the said Indian got up and Express'd his 
readiness and desire to go forward that Night, 

We gave Order that Tobacco pipes Hum and other neces- 
sary* for his Voyage should be put on board. About Eight 
aClock that Evening We all accompany'd him to the Water 
side and he Embarqued with our Orders to Col Walton to 
further supply & c as will appear more at large in the Copy 
of our Letter to him. This day all the Commissioners, Col° 
Schuyler & Major Moody were present. — 
Saturday Octob r 13 th P. M. 

We desired to Speak with the Delegates, accordingly they 
came in and we first told them that at Boston Governour 
Shute in his answer to their Speech had in General hinted to 
them the Treachery and Perfidionsness of the Eastern In- 
dians but referred them to the Commissioners for a more par- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 115 

ticular relation and we being all of ns at Leisure should now 
more fully inform them. And that we should begin with the 
Treaty made more than Thirty years agoe with S r William 
Phips one of our former governours and afterwards. We 
Designed to show them further Treaties 

We told them We should read paragraph by paragraph 
that so they might the better understand, 

Accordingly the said Treaty was Head and Explained. 
After which we shewed them how perfidiously and basely the 
Indians had broken their Faith and made Warr upon the 
English &c Notwithstanding all which the English forgave 
them and made a new Treaty which the Indians broke also 
and have many times since broken their ffaith as we shall 
hereafter shew them under their own hands and Seals 

After which we told them we had Committed the Indian 
Captive now with us into their Care and hoped that they 
would see to it that he did not make his Escape. They 
answered (hat they bad strictly charged him not to go away 
and were of Opinion that he would not. We then desired to 
Know if they had anything to say in relation to the premises. 
They desired time to Consider and so we parted for that 
t imc — 
Sabbath day night 

about 11 of the ('lock Lieutenant Moody Returned and 
brought us word that he had been to Arrowsick and landed 
the Indian Messengers in Safety there That Col Walton was 
returned from ( hishnuck. That he had delivered our Letters 
That the Col had furnished the Indians with a Birch 
( 'annoa and other necossarys — That Col" Walton had given a 
Signal for the Indians to Wear and that he had given Order 
to all under his Command and notice to others to Suffer all 
that wore it to pass in Safety. That he had also sent one 
Bradbury an Englishman to Accompany the Indians to 
N arridgwack — 



116 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Monday Octob r 15 th A. M. 

We told the Indian Delegates what news We had received 
from Arrowsick and desired to know of them if they had any- 
thing to say in relation to what we told them in onr last 
meeting. 

They answered that they were glad to hear that their Mes- 
sengers were got safe so far on that Journey and rejoyced to 
hear that so much respect was shown to them as that an Eng- 
lish man was gone in company They added their hearty 
thanks for the good entertainment they had met with since 
their arrival. We told them we hoped that they were sensible 
that We did all that we could to help forward their business 
and we were very glad to hear that what we had done was 
so well received The Indians replied that they hoped their 
Messengers would return with success, in the mean while they 
should consider what to say when the Indians should come to 
them, and they would Communicate it to us. We told them 
that we took it as a further Instance of their ffriendship and 
thankt them that they would let us know their Intentions. 
They desired that they might have a room by themselves that 
so they might not be any ways disturbed in their Consulta- 
tions. We told them that we should immediately provide 
such a place for them We then told them that in our last 
Conference We had read to them a Treaty made between 
Governour Phips and the Eastern Indians and according to 
our promise at our last meeting We should now shew them 
another Treaty but before the Treaty was shewn We observed 
to them how treacherous the Indians have ever been and how 
perfidiously and basely they had broken their faith with re- 
gard to the Treaty already shown and made warr upon the 
English. 

Notwithstanding which the English made an other Treaty 
with them at Casco Bay and the English and they Erected 
two great heap of Stones as Monuments and called them the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 117 

two brothers. The English being abundantly Satisfied in a 
peace so well confirmed as they thought, setled themselves 
again in those parts But in less than five weeks behold the 
Indians gathered themselves together and came upon the Eng- 
lish and laved waste the country for above fifty miles in 
length Killing, Captivating burning & without distinction 
and all this without so much as even first Signifying any 
uneasiness or So much as pretending that the English had 
done them the least injury or wrong: after this the English 
and they made a new Treaty at Piscataqua nine years ago 
which was Read and Explained. After which a treaty made 
with Col r Nicholson & was read in which the Eastern In- 
dians owned their having been in fault. We then told them 
that to morrow we designed to shew them another Treaty 
made with our present Governour and in due time purposed 
to Shew them Several other Treaties which have been made 
since, and they might Depend upon it we should not impose 
anything upon them but what was matter of fact. 

Tuesday Octob 1 " 16 th A. M : 

We again met the Indians and first asked them their health 
and whither they were well pleased with their Entertainment 
They answered us That they were Very well in health and 
pleased with their good Treatment and gave us their hearty 
thanks 

We then told them that according to our promise yesterday 
We should now shew them a Treaty made with Governor 
Shute about five years since at Arrowsick Accordingly the 
said Treaty was produced Read and Explained and the two 
belts given for Confirmation were shewn after which we told 
them how the Indians had broken this Treaty And asked 
them if they did well understand what had been said to them 
They answered that they believed they understood all things 
aright. 



118 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

We told tliem that to morrow we designed to Shew them an 
other Treaty made since and let them know how Exceeding 
ill the Indians had nsed the English We then asked if they 
had any thing to say They told ns they had considered of 
two things which they designed to say to the Eastern Indiana 
which they were now ready to Communicate. 

1 st That they heard the Eastern Indians had made War 
upon the English wherefore they were come with power from 
their respective Nations to tell them that they are Children 
to the Six Nations And that 'tis not long since that the 
Eastern Indians came and earnestly desired that they might 
thrust their Arm into the Golden chain of Amity between 
the Nations and the English And upon hearing of the War 
aforesaid they are come to take the hatchet out of their hand 
for by their striking upon one part of the chain they affect 
and hurt the whole and the Six Nations resent their warring 
upon the English as a breach of their Treaty with them And 
as a real and immediate injury done to themselves. 

2 ud That as they had now told them they would take the 
Hatchet out of their hands and send it to the bottomless pit 
and thereby put away their drunkenness So they will insist 
upon it that they do inviolably maintain that Peace which all 
the Nations have agreed to keep with the Christians so long 
as there should be Peace between the ffrench and English. 

They added that they desired to let their brethren the Eng- 
lish what they intended to offer that so if there was any thing 
not agreeable in any word it might be known. 

We told them we greatly esteemed of their Councils these 
two days past and.lookt upon them as a Confirmation of their 
sincere Friendship to the English and we Received as such. 
They then told us that they should consult some things further 
relating to these affairs and when they had concluded upon 
things would let us know what they had concluded upon. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11!) 

We answered that we should at all times be ready to Re- 
ceive what they had to say. 

Wednesday Oct r 17 th 

The Indians were all day in Council among themselves and 
so we had nothing pass'd between us that day. 

Thursday Octol/ 18 th A. M. 

The Interpreters told us that the Indians had something to 
say to us We immediately desired them to walk in and told 
them we were ready to hear what they had to offer. After 
some little talk among themselves Hendrick who had all along 
been their spokesman stood up and Say'd Thai in time past 
the Eastern Indians Earnestly requested of the Five Nations 
that they might thrust their Arm into the Golden Chain of 
Amity and Friendship between the Nations and accordingly 
they were accepted upon their styling themselves Children to 
those Nations and calling them their parents They added 
that they came first to the nearest Nation and they went to 
the furthest and after that were at the Pains and Charge of 
going to all the rest of the Nations and they requested all 
this and acknowledged it as a great favor This they say'd 
was the first thing they designed to say to the Eastern In- 
dians and upon saying this lay down a small stick. — 

2 ly Article. You our Sons you have formerly Submitted 
yourselves to us and thrust your hands into the Covenant 
Chain between us and the English and you look upon it to be 
a great favour to be admitted so to do Bui since thai time 
you have Twisted and wrung your Arm cant keep it Still 
cant hold it still as we do and always have done, if you go on 
to Act thus much longer you'l get your arm quite out and if 
so we Dye (ie) We will make war upon you to the loss of our 
Lives. — 

3 rd Article To the young men who are for War our dis- 
course is to you We now bind your hands and desire you to 



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

look back to what your fore ffathers have Covenanted in their 
Treaties with the English and see that you fullfill their 
Treaties. — 

4 Ar 1 You great Men our Discourse is to you We make 
you a tire that you may consider. — 

5 Ar 1 Now the Six Nations put you up a Sun to En- 
lighten you in all your ways that so you may go & come 
Peaceably 

6 Ar 1 Now we Six Nations power down Water which 
clarifies the Sight and Mind and Strengthens the Mind and 
inward man — 

7 Ar 1 Now we Six Nations gather up all the old Bones 
and lay them upon the Dead and they shall be seen no more 
which the Interpreters told us was as much as to say all past 
injuries are and must be forgotten — 

At every Article they layed down a Stick upon the Table 
before us. Afterwards they told us that it was about Twenty 
years since the Eastern Indians first submitted themselves to 
the five Nations. They proceeded now to desire us to shew 
them the presents we were to furnish them with all for their 
Treaty. 

We desired an Explanation of the fifth & Sixth Articles 
They answered us that when any Nation or people are En- 
gaged in a War they are in darkness and they now designed 
to give them light that is make peace for them The Sixth 
Article is only a Command to make Peace They then shewed 
us the presents as they designed to present them and desired 
to Know of us whither we approved of them. We answered 
that we were come only upon their Acco 1 and out of respect 
to them And as for the presents we had resigned our prop- 
erty in them And they must give them as their own proper 
presents and not ours We then askt them concerning a Belt 
given them by the Governour of New York in what manner 
& for what end it was given They answered that was given 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 121 

them only as a present. We askt if they had any thing fur- 
ther to add they saved nothing more at this time. — 

October 10 th P. M. 

We told the Indians we had something to say to them be- 
fore we should enter upon Business Vi zt That as they had de- 
sired us in Case they should Omit anything of Weighty 
Concern in their Several Articles to the Eas tn Indians that 
We would put them in minde of it, And we have taken good 
Xotice of their Seven Articles and observe that in them they 
take no notice of the Priests that are among the Indians who 
are the Cause of all our disturbances & aa we are firmly of 
Opinion the Government will never Consent to make peace so 
long as the Fryars are among them ; for long the Indians can 
never be relyed upon in any thing they either say or do. This 
is what we are bold to assure you We desire therefore that 
you would use your own Discretion in that affair. 

We then proceeded to tell them We should now Read an 
other Treaty But here We told them that before this Treaty 
Col° Tailer Col Stoddard Col° Dudley in the Very Room 
where We then were in the presence of Major Moody now 
present came and enquired into many disorders of the In- 
dians and had a Treaty with them But thro a Mistake We 
had left the paper that gave an Account of what was then 
done and had brought another in the Room of it which we 
shewed them We told them the Reason of thai Treaty was 
because the Eastern Indians had much disturbed the English 
in their Setlements and Threatened to drive them away &c 
And so the aforesaid Gent" were sent to Repremand them. — 
We then told them that in as much as we had (as we already 
told them) left that Treaty We should now proceed to read to 
them another made at Arrowsick Two years ago. And ac- 
cordingly the Said Treaty was read After which We showed 
them how the Indians had broken that Treaty in almost every 



122 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Article Tn that they had never behaved themselves well 
towards the Kings Liege Subjects nor had they ever pay'd 
any thing near the number of Skins for the Damages done 
by them or for the Subsistance of the hostages &c. We like- 
wise told them how dishonorable the Indian Hostages were 
in Running away w ch obliged the English to Confine them as 
they now did We told them likewise that the Indians last 
year desired us to come and Treat further with them that so 
we might come to a right understanding of Affairs and ap- 
pointed a time to meet Upon which the English Government 
appointed Commissioners to meet them According to their 
promise but they disappointed us and never came near us 
and one of their Hostages who was sent as Messenger to call 
them in Runaway and never returned All these things we 
told them were true as might be abundantly proved We 
added that prhaps they might Insinuate that the English 
had encroached upon their Lands but as to that We had deeds 
to shew That was so far from being true that we justly owned 
Lands many Miles be} r ond any English setlements. The In- 
dians told us that they would go and Consider about the affair 
of the Priests among the Indians and they would Consider 
in what manner the Indians should beg a peace in Mercy to 
them. 

We told them that so long as the Jesuit was among them 
they would never live Peaceably for he was always Stiring 
up Differences and many times wrote Letters to our Gover- 
nour and Insults and abuses the English in the name of 
the Indians And when we ask the Indians about it they say 
that they never knew of any such thing which may serve to 
shew how mischievous he is 

In the Evening We considered that it would be necessary 
For the service to Advise with Col° Walton We concluded 
therefore if he did not come before the next morning to sail 
for Arrowsick. — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 123 

Fryday Octo br 19 th 

About half an hour past nine A. M. We weighed anchor 
for Arrowsick and arrived there the evening following ahout 
five We went on shoar and were informed that Col Walton 
w;is gon for Casco We viewed the Desolations and returned 
on board our Vessel The next morning we fell down to 
Hunnawells Cove where we met with Contrary winds ami 
were obliged to conic t<> ;ni Anchor We espied a Smoke upon 
Mare Island at the month of the Kenneheek River We im- 
mediately sent on board Capt Westbrook who ordered four 
Whale Boats to he manned and Went to the s d Island ami 
Scouted the same finding only a Fire thereon hut none of the 
Enemy as we supposed might have been there. — 

October 21 st 

Sabbath morning the wind proving contrary We borrowed 
Two Whale Boats of Capt Westbrook in order to Return in 
them to Casco fearing least our Company and Advice might 
be wanted there but we had no sooner got out of the mouth 
of the River but we met a ffogg and so great a Swell that we 
had all like to have Stove upon a Rocky Island We finding 
it impracticable to proceed returned with some difficulty to 
our Vessels. — 

October 22' 1 Alnmlav morning 

We sailed for ( lasco and arrived there somewhat afternoon 
where we were received by ( '<>1" Walton his Officers and their 
Companies. — 

Tuesday Octob 2'> : 

We reviewed Col Waltons Regimenl which were drawn 
up and exercised in the Train Field. — 

Wednesday Octob r 24 th A. M. 

In the morning we were informed that the Indians had 
some thing to say to us. We immediately sent word that we 



124 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

were ready to receive it. They told us they had Considered 
and they thankt us for our kind reception of what they had 
already offered and Desired to know if any thing be wanting 
and whither they must aske a Peace. We immediately took 
them ii{> with some surprise and Told them we were sorry 
that they misunderstood us We were come only to be Wit- 
nesses of what past between them and the Eastern Indians 
And to Report it to our Governour and great Council and to 
accompany them and to see that the Indians no ways imposed 
upon them We are no ways Impowred to aske Peace nor do 
we desire you to do it We are come only to accompany you in 
doing your own business. We understand you are come to 
Enquire into the reason of the War on the Indians Side 
They tell people that it is because the English have taken 
away their Lands And we are now ready to Shew you that 
We have Deeds for what we claim or possess. 

Col Schuyler told them that he could read and he assured 
them what we say'd was true. — The Indians replyed that 
they see what they now offered was rejected and they should 
say no more about it. As to the affair of the Jesuit say they 
we have considered and we find that we have no power to 
meddle in an affair of that nature We are sent to take the 
Hatchet out of the Eastern Indians hand and to Demand a 
Peace We again told them as to the affair of a Peace we 
had nothing to do in it 

We then told them we had Deeds before us to prove our 
just Title to the Lands we possess and they and their ffathers 
from time to time owned it in their several Treaties Yet 
the Indians have come and killed &c as we have already told 
you Col Schuyler told them he had lookt into one of the 
Deeds which was now Shewn them and he found that the 
English had a just Right and Title to Lands Thirty Miles 
beyond where the English had lately setled notwithstanding 
all which the Indians had come and besides killing Severall 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 111"' 

Persons and Captivating others They had destroyed more 
Goods belonging to the English than all the [ndians < Jountry 
was worth and the Affidavits of Sundry people concerning the 
late Desolations were read to them We then askt if they 
had anything further to say? They answered that they had 
nothing more to say. — 

Thursday Octob r 25 

Passed without anything worth noting saving our going 
to New Yarmouth. — 

Friday Octob r 26 th P. M. 

Cap 1 Harmon arrived from Small point and brought the 
Indian Messengers. The Indian Delegates upon his return 
told us that he and the English man and Captive Indian had 

been to Narridgwack and to another Indian Town bey 1 thai 

they had never seen any Indians since their going from us: — 
That they found a letter left upon the Indian Meeting house, 
which they had brought along with them. We told them We 
rejoyced to see our good friend returned safe after so great a 
ffatigue and hop'd that he had met with no great hardships. 
We told him that 'twas with impatience we had waited his 
return We then told them that we believed that they had done 
all they could to see the Indians and deliver their errand to 
them. We then asked them what steps they design next see- 
ing their Messengers are returned without seeing any Indians 

We added that we believe the sooner the better thai they < Le 

to a Resolution for the Winter was coming on iV<- 

They desired to know what the Letter said that they had 
brought The Letter was accordingly produced and read to 
them and interpreted. Col Schuyler observed that the In- 
dians were fine fellows to Threaten as they had in that Letter 
seeing they darn't see but three men when they come into 
their Country. We then observed to them that the Indians 
sayed we built Houses upon their Lands, but we had already 



126 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

proved the Contrary to most of them and we hoped that they 
would inform their Country man who had heen absent that we 
had bought many Miles further than we possessed and might 
rightfully possess it when we pleased. We then told them 
if they would consider of the premises We would hear the 
results of their thoughts in the morning. — 

October 26 th 

In the evening about seven a Clock We read to them a 
paper a Copy of which is herewith exhibited We desired 
their thought upon it They replyed that it required no time 
for an Answer for as they had before told us they ever thought 
they were to go to the Indian Country but rinding many In- 
conveniences in it they and We had therefore concluded to 
send, and we agreed to send to Narridgwack and have sent 
and can rind no Indians, We would not have yon Treat us 
like Children and talk of sending elsewhere We replyed 
That they greatly mistook us in thinking that we desired them 
to go elsewhere only put to them the question that so if they 
should we might concert measures accordingly, We no ways 
dictated to them nor did we take it upon us to desire it was at 
their own choice But if they would go we would go with 
them or stay here which they pleased or if they concluded to 
return to Boston We were ready also to Accompany them 
there. But to our great surprise the Indians told us that 
for the future they would be directed wholly by us for that 
they were upon our Land And they had no more to say now 
but when they returned to their respective nations they 
si ion Id relate the whole affair as it had been transacted This 
being said with some warmth We concluded to give them time 
to Recover their Temper till morning. — 

Saturday Octob 1 " 27 A. M. 

We again met the Indians and askt them if they had any- 
thing to say to us this morning They told us that when they 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 127 

came from home They came with a good intent even to take 
the Hatchet out of the Indians hand &c as they had already 
told us lint thev had not succeeded in their undertaking 
Winter was drawing on We desire to go to Boston this day 
and when we come there we shall say something to your Gov 
ernour. We take this opportunity to thank you for your 
care of us We have wanted nothing hul have been well en- 
tertained. We thanked them for their good intentions and 
endeavors and told them We should make report of what had 
passed The weather being faire We told them we designed 
to go immediately on hoard in Order to come to Saile They 
told us that when they should come home thev would let their 
Country men know all that had pass'd. And especially what 
the Indians had engaged in their several Treaties And the 
Insulting Letter which thev had found on their Meeting 
house. All this thev have seen with their eves and therefore 
their Country men for the future will not say perhaps it is so 
We told them we made no doubt but that thev would do the 
Government Justice in every thing that they had seen and 
heard 

After which we embarqued on hoard our Vessells 

By Order of the Committee W" Tailer 
In ( 'oiiiK-il Nov 22, 1722 Read and sent down 

Indians, Your Excy having been pleased to appoint a 
Time to hear them before the Gen" Assembly, We say we 
have been to meet the Eastern Indians and y' Excy has 
pleased now to lav before us the Treaties thai have been made 
w" 1 the K" Indians for :5<> years past that We sh' 1 represent 
you to the Six Nations and it being y' Excy desire that those 
Things sh' 1 he carried to the sev" Six Nations in Ord r to in- 
form them of those Things so it shall he done by to the Pres 1 
lodged at Albany y 1 ' Excy has keen pleased to say that you 
would have a Treaty with the Six Nations some Time or 



128 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

other, Your Exes-, has s d as for those in Prison that y r being 
related to as, von will give them Enlargemt But you have not 
said that von will never release them But y r Excy. expects 
that We sh d draw in the Men. & Scat. Ind. whether they be 
with the Eastern or Can. Indians In the first Place you 
have likewise given us some things to remember, the Lett 1- 
taken off the Chh. Door at Norrid. & a true Copy of the same 
at our Return Home we will make known every thing to 
the Six Nations Article by Article and we shall give an Ace 1 
of our good Treatment both for our Entertainm 1 especially in 
the Guns w ch we have had w T ° h are our Lives, and We give to 
y r Excy. & the Govermn 1 hearty thanks for the same 

Gov. You shall hear from me in the Spring & I will ac- 
quaint you with the Place where we will meet the Six Nations 

Ind. We return Thanks for what y r Excy. Says about 
the Place with which we shall acquaint the Six Nations. 
| Appended] 

1. Sir W m Phips's Treaty. 

2. Gov r Dudleys Treaty 1713 

3. Gov r Dudley's & Gen 11 Nicholson's Treaty. 

4. Treaty of Arrowsick. 

5. Conference with Coll. Walton & Maj r Moody. 



Council held at Fort George in re Five Nations. 

At a Council held at Fort George in New York February 
y e 25 th 1722/3 
Present 
His Excellency William Burnet, Esq r & c 

Cap' Walter M r Barbarie 

Coll. Beekman M r Harison 

M r Van Dam D r Colden 

M r Alexander 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 129 

His Excellency communicated to the Board a Letter from 
the Honorable William Dummer L l Gov 1 " of the Colony of 
Boston as follows. — 

Boston 4 th February 1722 [3] 
Sir. 

I have the honour of your Excellencys Letter of the 22 d 
past and return my thanks for the kind expressions therein 

I now inclose you a Copy of the Instructions of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of this Province to their Commissioners ap- 
pointed to Treat with the five Nations in your Excellencys 
Government which we think conformable to your Excellencys 
Letter to Governour Shute and the Vote of your Council and 
therefore We assure our selves of your Countenance and As- 
sistance in an Affair of so much importance to his Majestys 
service and the Interest of this and the Neighboring Govern- 
ments and I am now to pray your Excellency will favour us so 
farr as to give your Orders for the Tribes to Assemble by the 
20 th of May next being the time sett for our Commissioners 
to be at Albany as is mentioned in the Inclosed Instructions. 
I hope the Steps we have taken will be acceptable to your Ex- 
cellency and that you'll please to favour me with your answer 
as soon as may be that we may have convenient time to make 
necessary Provision for the Treaty and I am your Excellencys 
Most Obedient & most humble Servant, 

W m Dummer. 

His Excellency likewise 1 laid before the Board the Instruc- 
tions according to which the Deputys from Boston are di- 
rected to Treat with the five Nations, which being Read, the 
Board approves of so much thereof as relates to the Treaty 
to be made with the Indians which is as follows, — 

Instructions for William Tailer Elisha Cook Spencer 
Phips and John Stoddard, Esq 1 " Commissioners appointed 
for this his Majestys Province on the Treaty to be had at 

10 



130 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Albany with the five Nations of Indians in May next. 

Gentlemen— Upon your Arrival at Albany yon are to 
wait upon his Excellency Governonr Burnet if there and pay 
the respects of this Government to him and in his absence 
you are to apply to such as may be appointed to represent 
him praying their friendship and assistance in Treating with 
the said Indians of which we think we cant fail upon the as- 
surance Governor Burnett gives us in his Letter of the 14 th 
of December last that his Endeavours shall not be wanting 
for our Success in this affair he having also for this end had 
the Opinion of his Council that he might advise the five 
Nations to send such a number of their fighting Men as can 
be spared to our assistance and to make Warr against the 
Eastern Indians. — 

Yon are to acquaint the five Nations that as there has al- 
ways been a Strict friendship maintained betwixt this Gov- 
ernment and them and the Covenant Chain Brightened from 
time to time as there was occasion so are you now come upon 
the same design having from this Government a considerable 
present to them for that End. — 

We would have you represent to the five Nations that you 
hope the Delegates have done us the Justice to Inform them 
of the kind reception and Entertainment they had in this 
Government and their proceeding in the Eastern parts where 
they were eye witnesses of the Desolations and Outrages com- 
mitted upon his Majestys Subjects Inhabitants of this Prov- 
ince by the Eastern Indians contrary to their many Solemn 
Treaties and Engagements which has obliged this Govern- 
ment to declare War against them, all which perfidious ac- 
tions of theirs, the said Deligates when here resented even to 
vomiting as their expression was. — 

You are to inform them that in their former Treaties with 
us they have declared that our Enemies- were and should be 
theirs and now Providence has furnished them with an op- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 131 

portunity to give us a proof of their friendship and sincerity 
therein we hope they will nott fail to Improve it. 

Sour arc also further to inform them that their Delegates 
when at Boston assured this Government that they would en- 
deavour to prevail with the five Nations to call off the Merri- 
mack and Scattacock Indians fr.un Confederating or acting 
with the Eastern Indians against us and you are to know of 
them whether they have effected that matter. — 

You are to ohserve to them also that their Delegates when at 
Boston gave us good reason to expect that the five nations 
would join with us in making Warr against the Eastern In- 
dians and you are now come to finish a Treaty upon that 
matter and in order to induce them to it you are to acquaint 
them that upon their absolute and Peremptory Promise thai 
will immediately engage with us in the present Warr against 
the Eastern Indians You will make another considerable 
Present to them and also inform them of the great reward 
which this Government have granted for the Scalps of the 
Eastern Indians which they will be entitled to according to 
the act herewith Delivered you. — 

You are to inform them that for their better accommoda- 
tion in any Marches they may make against the Eastern In- 
dians this Government have given direction that in case they 
should be in want of Provisions or ammunition for that serv- 
ice they shall be Supplycd from the English Garrisons and as 
well for the Prevention of any mischiefs that may happen to 
them from our Soldiers by mistake as for the avoiding any 
doubt or disputes that may arise about the Scalps that may 
be brought in by any of their parties It is ordered by the 
Government that there be two English Men at least to Join 
with ten of them that shall go out in Quest of the Enemy and 
so in proportion to a greater number which English men are 
to certify upon Oath that a Scalp for which a Premium is 
Demanded is the Scalp of an Enemy Indian with their Age 



132 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and Sex Slain in Fight and also to receive an Equal Propor- 
tion of the Scalp money with them. — 

This Board are of Opinion that the Depntys from Boston 
do first produce to the Persons that are or shall be appointed 
to Represent his Excellency at Albany the Propositions which 
they are to make to the Indians conformable to the methods 
airways observed on the like occasion and lately practiced by 
the Governours of Virginia and Pensilvania and that the said 
propositions be made publickly in presence of the Persons 
that are or Shall be appointed to Represent his Excellency 
and that the Interpreters of this Province be imployed in 
making the said Propositions to the Indians and receiving 
their answer which is likewise according to constant practice 

The Board are further of Opinion That upon assurance 

given by the Government of Boston to the Commissioners of 

Indian affairs at Albany that the Exj)enses of the message to 

the Indians and of their Subsistance during the Treaty shall 

be defrayed by that Government that the said Commissioners 

may dispatch a messenger to Summon the Indians to come to 

Albany on the 20 th of May next to Treat with the said 

Deputys of Boston which is the sole reason of sending for 

them at present and that the number of the five Nations who 

shall come do not exceed Seventy Persons reckoning Men, 

Women and Children — 

By his Excellency In Council 

J. W. Bobin, D. C° Comd 



The Commissioners of the Massachusetts appointed to 
Treat with the Six Nations at Albany their Complement to 
Comiss rs appointed for the affair by Governour Burnett in his 
absence. 1 May 23 d 1723.— 

Gentlemen We are appointed by the Government of New 
England Commiss rs to Treat with the Five nations and were 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 133 

Instructed to pay our first Complements to his Excellency 
Governour Burnett if * * * at Albany and in liis absence to 
the Gentlemen appointed Commiss rs for the Indian Affairs, 
and to Intreat their good Officers in Assisting us in said 
Treaty. 

And we make no doubt but that their Honours would 
readily Comply with the same more especially by reason our 
Government had received a Letter from his Excellency Gov- 
ernour Burnett by the advice of his Majesty's Council of the 
Province of New York that their Endeavors should not be 
wanting to Assist us in prosecuting the same and to Encour- 
age the Sending of as many of their fighting men as could be 
reasonably spared. After which we presented them with our 
Commission which they received in Order to enter the same 
in their Book. 

Col° Peter Schuyler the President answered and assured 
us that they would not be wanting to give us all the Assistance 
they were capable of which was consented to by the rest of 
the Gentlemen. But Mr. Secretary stood up and said as far 
as was Consistent with his Excellency Governour Burnetts 
Instructions And at the same time acquainted us that it was 
expected that we should lay before the Commission a 
Draught of what we Intended to say to the Five Nations 
when we met them. We asked whether Col Spotswood and 
S r William Keeth the Governours of Virginia and Penn'l- 
vania did so. He assured us that his Excellency Governour 
Burnett was apprised with what they Intended to say to the 
Indians. 

We told them we would consider of what they had ac- 
quainted us with, and give them our answer. Wo took our 
leave of them and Invited them to our Lodgings to take a 
glass of Wine with us which they accepted. 

Before we made our first Speech to the Six Nations they 
acquainted us they had something to offer which is as follows. 



134 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Fathers It was usual in Corlairs time that all our 
Hatchetts Guns and Kettles should he mended and desired 
that the like might he don at this time. — 

The Commissioners Answer — 

Friends and Brethren. We take notice of what you have 
said which shall have a proper consideration. We shall now 
proceed and Deliver the Message on which we were sent. — 

The Commissioners First Speech to the Six Nations, May 
28 1723. 

Brethren 

We are well pleased that after our and your long Travel 
we are met together and have the Satisfaction of seeing one 
another and of Congratulating each other on our safe Arrival 
Friends and Brethren. The Government of the Massachu- 
setts Bay recalling to mind that firm Friendship that hath 
long since been contracted, often and Inviolably maintained 
between them and your Tribes. And Considering that by 
reason of your great distance from them they have not fre- 
quent opportunity of conversing with you, and thereby in- 
creasing Mutual respect and Friendship, — Therefore they 
thought proper to send three Gentlemen about a year and a 
half since to make you a Visit, and to renew that Amity that 
hath Continued almost time out of mind and to negotiate 
Some other affairs with you 

But you being then lately returned from hence to your own 
Country they had not the Opportunity to Speak with you. 
Since which several of your Chiefs being Delegates from 
their respective Tribes have taken a Journey to Boston which 
was very acceptable and pleasing to the Government and gave 
them an Opportunity of Expressing their respect to you. 
And we doubt not but they have been so just as to acquaint 
you with the kind Reception and ffriendly Entertainment 
they met with. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 135 

The Government being Sensible of the disappointment of 
their former Commissioners "Resolved upon sending us hither 
partly on the same errand. 

We arc accordingly come by Order and in the name of that 
Government to Brighten the Chain of Friendship into which 
they have put their hands from which they neither can nor 
desire to with draw them. And to give you the utmost assur- 
ance of the continuance of their respect and friendship and 
that they will endeavor by all proper Methods to cultivate a 
good understanding between them and your Tribes and En- 
deavor to continue the same to future Generations, And as 
a Testimony of their Regards to you and Evidence of their 
Sincerity they sent you this present which we in their name 
deliver to you. 

When you have Considered of what We have said, and re- 
turned your Answer We shall have something further to offer 
to you. — 

Wednesday May 29 th 1723. 

The Chief of the Several 1 Tribes came to Visit us, and 
Told us y l what We had said to them was pleasing, and that 
they could not say that the present was Common but that it 
was Extraordinary. They added that they should this day 
Consult together and tomorrow make an answer. 

We told them that we were glad that what we had said and 
what we had presented to them was pleasing and it' they could 
have been ready with their answer this day, It would have ex- 
pedited our affair but since they could not we would wait 
their time. — 

Thursday May 30, 1723. 

This forenoon the Sachems of the Six Nations met us. 
Present — The Commissioners appointed by his Excellency, 



136 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Governour Burnett. The Mayor and Several of the Alder- 
men of the City. 
Their Speech — 

Brethren. You told us the other day that you were glad 
to meet us here at Albany which is the usual place of Speak- 
ing with the Six Nations. We are very glad that you three 
gentlemen arrived here and we are glad to see you We have 
understood your first proposition We will not mention all 
particulars now but only the principal heads thereof— 

Brethren You told us also the other day that you were 
willing to speak with us a year and a half agoe but mist meet- 
ing us Also that you are three Gentlemen now appointed to 
Speak with us, and have mentioned what was concluded be- 
tween you and our fore ffathers who firmly entered into an 
alliance. We wondered what the Reason was that our 
Brethen did not come to Renew the fformer Chain of Cove- 
nant. Now we are Deputies Impowered by our Principals to 
Speak with you. — 

Brethren You told us the last fall Some of the Five 
Nations came into your Government We acknowledge they 
went by our Order and by Order and Desire of his Excelln'cy 
Governour Burnett and you told us you were glad to see them 
in your Government and shewed them all possible respect and 
said you doubted not but those Indians had told us of all this. 
Yes they have told of every thing to our full Satisfaction 
And we are now come in the name of the Six Nations to re- 
turn you Our hearty thanks for the same. — 

Brethren you also let us know that a year and half since 
you thought to speak with us To acquaint each other and re- 
member the former Transactions of our foreffathers We 
thank you that you continue in this Resolution to this time. — 

Brethren you moved also about renewing the Covenant that 
was made by our foreffathers. That you now come to 
brighten the old chain if it should be anyways rusted. We 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 137 

will brighten it again. We thank von Brethren heartily and 
are glad to hear it, We do now t lie Same, In the name of the 
Six Nations strengthen that Covenant Chain and hope our 
Children's Children may agree so well as we do now. 

Brethren we desire yon to hearken to no fals stories for it 
is usual in the World that when Envious people know that 
brethren live in peace together they will always envy them 

Brethren we told yon just now in onr applycation we 
should mention nothing but the principal heads of your propo- 
sitions, for which we hope yon will Excuse us, had we seen 
any thing unreasonable therein wc would have mentioned it, 
but we found nothing but what was reasonable. We have 
done at present; ffor this time we hope you will Excuse us 
that our present is so small as it is but hope you will accept 
of it- 
Thursday May 30 1723 

Brethren We thank you for the present you have made 
the Commissioners which is acceptable and We do assure you 
it is not the Value we regard but the Sincerity you seem to 
manifest. 

The Commissioners Second Speech to the Six Nations Viz 1 
Friends and Brethren — 

We have according to our directions brightened the Cove- 
nant Chain and shall proceed agreeable to our Orders to In- 
form yon that there are a people who live in the Eastern parts 
called the Abneqwes, who have often Subjected themselves to 
the Crown of Great Britain and in Solemn manner bound 
themselves to behave themselves peaceably towards his Ma- 
jestys good Subjects so long as the Sun should endure And to 
Confirm their Engagements instruments have been drawn 
and distinctly read to them by Sworn interpreters and 
th'roughly understood by them to which they have signed and 
affixed their respective marks which writeings have been seen 



138 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

by your Delegates when there And we doubt not but they 
have the same to you therefore we need not be more particular 
in Informing yon in thai matter. — 

Yet notwithstanding those people have for divers years 
past behaved themselves insolently towards the English in- 
habiting those parts by killing their Cattle threatening their 
persons, upon which altho it was a manifest breach of Cove- 
nant, and Resented by the Government We took no other 
measures with them than to send Commissioners to remind 
them of their strict promises and to tell them of their per- 
ridiousness in such acts of Violence committed without any 
provocation whatsoever. — 

They readily acknowledged their breach of Covenant, and 
seemed to bewail their Miscarriages. Yet did continue to 
repeat their Insolency, and some time in the last spring some 
of them coming on board of some of our fishing Vessells in 
a peaceable manner after they Were on board took the men 
and bound them, others by Land burnt divers Houses seized 
upon sever all men whom they kept as prisoners under Pre- 
tence of Redeeming some of their Hostages, which they had 
given us Security for payment of Skins They had promised 
as Satisfaction for damages they had done to the English and 
Sureties for their good and Peaceable behaviour. 

Afterwards they proceeded to Attack an English Town 
Fired on a Garrison wounded a young man who afterwards 
dyed of his wounds. The Government who had long suf- 
fered multiplied abuses from the Eastward Indians and had 
not till now Revenged their Wrongs considering these out- 
rages and murthers thought them selves bound and accord- 
ingly did proclame them Rebels to King George and Enemies 
to the Crown of Great Britain. — 

Some of your delegates when in the Eastward parts were 
Eye Witnesses of the Desolations made in that Country and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE L39 

were made sensible of the perfidiousness of that people which 
they resented as they expressed it even to Vomiting — 

Your Delegates when at Boston assured that Government 
that they would endeavor to prevail with the five Nations to 
prevent the Merrimack and Messeskeek Indians Confeder- 
ating or Acting with the Eastward Indians against us, and we 
presume they will Let us know whether that matter has taken 
effect. They likewise gave the Government good reason to 
Expect that the five Nations would Joyne them in carrying 
on the Warr against the Eastern Indians. — 

We being necessarily engaged in a War against the Eastern 
Indians who would not by any acts of kindness shewn them, 
by premises made by them, or any Uules Either of Justice or 
Gratitude be obliged to live in peace with us — The Govern- 
ment Considering that they and yon had but one Hatchett 
thought fit to send us hither to tender the Hatchett to you, 
which they could not for want of Opportunity propose to yon 
beforehand of your ready and Cheerful Acceptance whereof 
they dont allow themselves to doubt Considering the Firm 
Alliance between them and your Tribes as also the great Jus- 
tice We have on our Side in Entring into a War witli those 
ffaithless people. 

The Government have likewise sent a present much more 
considerable than that which we have already delivered to you 
which we are Commanded to hay before yon upon your as- 
sureing us you will Immediately Joyne with us in a Warr 
against the Eastern Indians who oughl to be Esteemed as our 
Common Enemy and not only so but for the further Encour- 
agement of your Warlike people They have Voted that the 
following Sums be allowed and paid out of the public Treas- 
ury for the Scalps of our Enemy Indians Viz 1 — 

For every male of Twelve years old and upward, One hun- 
dred pounds in New England money; and for the Scalps of 



140 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

all others that Shall be Killed in Sight Fifty pounds And for 
each prisoner rendered to the Commanding' officer of any 
Regiment Company Troop or Garrison Fifty pounds and in 
case such prisoners be Women or Children under the age of 
Twelve years they shall like wise have the sole benefet of 
such prisoners together with the Plunder they shall take. — 

That for the better Accommodation in any Marches they 
make against the Eastern Indians, the Government have 
given directions that in case they should be in want of any 
provisions or Ammunition for that Service they shall be sup- 
plyed from the English Garrisons. — 

The Value whereof shall be deducted out of what money 
may be due to them for any Scalps by them brought in. — 

And as well for the prevention of any Michief that may 
happen to them from our Souldiers by mistake as for the 
avoiding any doubts or Disputes that may arise about the 
scalps that may be brought in by any of your parties ; It is 
Ordered by the Government that there be two English men at 
least to Joyne with Ten of them that shall go out in quest of 
the Enemy and so in proportion to a greater Number which 
English are to Certifie upon Oath that the Scalp for which a 
Premium is Demanded is the Scalp of an Enemy Indian with 
their age and Sex killed in fight which English men are to 
receive an Equal proportion with them for the Scalps and 
prisoners. — 

As to the proposal you made Two days agoe of Mending 
your Guns, Kettles, and Hatchetts, We must tell you that we 
have particular directions what sums or Value to advance 
which we can not exceed yet our Instructions will well allow 
us to Comply with your desire provided you Cheerfully come 
into the proposal we have now made. And upon the proposal 
We have now made We present you with this belt of 
Wampum. — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 141 

Fryday May 31 st 1723.— 

In the Afternoon Severall of the Chiefs of the Six Nations 
were sent to Acquaint us. — That what we had proposed to 
them first was usual and Common did not require a long time 
to answer. But that our last proposition was of greal Weight 
and required a longer time for them to answer it but that they 
shall he ready to morrow in the afternoon. We told them 
they acted as a Wise people and that matters of Great Conse- 
quence require deliberation and that we were content to Stay 
till tomorrow four or five aclock in the Evening And would 
at the time appointed meet them. — 

Saturday June 1 st 1723. 

This morning the Scaticook and River Indians came to us 
according to Appointment. — 

Interpreter, Tell them we are now ready to deliver them 
the Message sent to them by the Government of the Massa- 
chusetts. They returned their Answer that they were ready 
to Receive it. 

The Commissioners Speech to the Scatacook and River 
Indians. 
Brethren. 

We are come hither as Commissioners from the Govern- 
ment of the Massachusetts Bay to visit the Several Tribes of 
Natives that live in this Neighbourhood and to brighten the 
Chain of Friendship between us and them We have al- 
ready seen and spoken with the Six Nations and are like- 
wise glad to see you who are nier-lsTeighbours and in the same 
Covenant with US as the Six Nations are, and we are to let 
you know the Regard our government hears to you, and to 
Renew the ffriendship that hath long been maintained be- 
tween them and your Tribes which they will Endeavour al- 
ways to Continue. 



142 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

And as a token of their kindness for yon we shall forth- 
with in their name deliver yon a present. — 

We donbt not but von ae very sensible of the disturbance 
that the Eastern Indians have very unjustly given us, and 
thai we have tendered the Hatchett To the Six Nations, upon 
which proposal they have not yet given their Resolution. 

But in as much as your Tribes do not usually Engage in a 
War without the Six Nations therefore we do not offer you 
the Hatchett at present But dont doubt but if the Six Nations 
do receive the Hatchett that you will be as ready as they to 
Accept the same which will be pleasing to the Government 
and an Evidence of your ifriendship to them. — And if you 
so do we shall make an additional present to you and you 
shall be entitled to the same Premium as they are for the 
services you shall perform. — 

We delivered them their present which they received 
thankfully and Immediately divided it before us between 
their two Tribes. — And desired a little time might be given 
them to Return their Answer 

June 1 st 1723 Saturday 

The River Indians & Scatacooks Answer. Gentlemen you 
did in one thing fall short when you called us Brethren, and 
it hath been the Manner of the English to call us Children 
and ours to call them ffathers as we call the Five Nations and 
we desire to be called as in Antient Times. You told us that 
you had already spoken to the Five Nations and Tendered 
them The Hatchett which they have not given their Resolu- 
tions and you say very right that we keep our Eye upon them 
and look upon them and you to be great and shall do as they 
doe If they take up the Hatchett We shall readily do it. 

Fathers We were the ffirst Inhabitants of this country and 
some time after the Arrival of the English they and we made 
a Covenant which hath never been broken and hope it will 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 143 

Endure to {future Generations.— We present von a Bell of 
Wampum (binding it about his hand and said | We Confirm 
our Antient Covenant by this and dont only Kind our hand 
with tin's but with a Silver ( 'liain. — 

We answered them that their observation was good Relat- 
ing to "in- calling them Bethren in stead of ( Jhildren and that 
we should Correct the .Mistake. — 

Monday June 3 d 1723 

The Six Nations answer to our Speech id" the 30 th of May 
1723 

Brethren 

We have well considered your Speech made to us a few 
davs agoe and are very sensible of the many breaches of 
Covenant and murthers committed by the Eastern [ndians 
our children. 

Our Brethren that we sent to them by the way of Boston 
at their Retun had Throughly Informed us of those matters 
and it was needless to repeat them. They added that their 
Delegates went into the Eastern parts and found the place 
empty Upon their return the Six Nations sent a message to 
the three Tribes of Eastern Indians in Canada to take away 
the Hatchett that they had taken up againsl the English and 
that they had delivered it up and by their Messenger had cast 
it at their feet. — 

Brethren We have consulted together and have concluded 

that we will lay down the llntchett yon have tendered us, 
together with that sent us by the Eastern Indians by our side 
till we see the effect of that business which We Entered upon 
last year. And we desire you to take a Coal of fHre from Al- 
bany where Quedar lives, from the Fire of Peace and Kindle 
a tire where you think tit in your Governmenl for us to meet 
the Chief of the Eastern [ndians, where we will in your 



144 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

presence Strive with all our might with our Children, and 
when we have effected that Business, we will return the Coal 
again where Queder dwells upon this they laid down a belt of 
Wampum. — 

Brethren 

We just now desired you to take a ( Vial from the Place 
where Queder dwells to build a fire for us where you shall 
think best and if it please you, We desire you to use a little 
patience till we can Speak with our Children the Eastern In- 
dians who are at a Considerable distance which may probably 
take up Sixty or Seventy days at furthest and that you may 
quietly enjoy your selves with peaceable Thoughts whilest you 
are building your ffire We make you this present which 
altho small we desire you to accept. — 

Upon the Answer of the Six Nations to our proposal of 
their taking up the Hatchet against the Eastern Indians, We 
told them that their Answer was short of what we expected in 
as much as what we had proposed to them was a Matter of 
consequence and required consideration So also their answer 
was of moment and would require our thoughts till the next 
day when we would make reply. 

Tuesday June 4 th 1723. 

The Commissioners Speech. 

Brethren. Five days agoe We did in the name of Our 
Government offer you the hatchett, which you have neither 
accepted nor refused but instead thereof you propose to ac- 
commodate matters between us and the Eastern Indians. 
You know that some few days agoe We Renewed the Antient 
ffriendship between us and your Tribes to our Mutual Satis- 
faction, but what doth such an alliance avail if it will not in- 
duce you to assist us, Especially when we offer to recompence 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 145 

your Services You say you are throughly Informed by your 
Delegates of the many breaches of Covenant the Eastern In- 
dians have been guilty of and of the murthers by them com- 
mitted, must not Justice be done on such perfidious people? 
You frequently go to War when you can expect nothing but a 
little Honour to recompence your Gains, but now you have 
an opportunity not only to gain both honour and profits, but 
to serve his Majesty King George and his good subjects, 
your Friends yet you seem Inclinable to shun it. — 

As to the proposal you make of our being at Peace with the 
Eastern Indians It is foreign to our business. We have no 
Instructions in that matter therefore We cannot act therein. 
However since you have mentioned it We will aske you what 
good Effect may from thence be Expected ? You know that 
divers times We have made Peace with them, and when we 
thought our Selves secure they have taken the Advantage and 
murthered our people and why should we Expect better of 
them now ? They have killed Severall people destroyed great 
Estates put the Government to Expence and can you think 
they must be immediatly Received into our amies. — You say 
you will give them hard words, but We must think that words 
are not sufficient to oblige those people to a suitable behaviour 
of themselves but blows may do it. — 

We can't Imagine that the Government if they should be 
Inclinable at any time for Peace, would make Peace with 
them, unless the Six Nations would firmly engage to pursue 
them Vigorously in case they should ever make War with us 
again for they Know that those Indians are too fals to be 
Trusted. — Upon the whole We desire you once more to take 
into consideration our proposal of taking up the Hatchet and 
give such an answer as may be kindly accepted by the 
Government. — 

We did "ii the delivery of this Speech lay down Six 
Blankets in stead of a Belt. 

11 



146 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Tuesday June 4 th 1723. 

The Six Nations Answer to the Commissioners Speech to 
them of the Same Day. 

Present. The major part of the Commissioners of the In- 
dian Affairs. — 

Brethren, Whawana and Kinsey. 

You say We have Renewed the Covenant to our mutual 
Satisfaction We likewise say We are greatly pleased with it. 
You and we have but one heart, one Blood one Mouth and 
one Eare. — You seem not to understand us for you tell us 
that We have neither accepted nor refused the Hatchett, 
which is true, and that we have left things in the dark, but 
we keep the Hatchet to be carried to the place where the Fire 
is to be kindled. You say the Eastern Indians are too false 
to be Trusted it was for that reason that we proposed to speak 
with our Children in your presence and we have concluded to 
go to Boston whither we will carry the Two hatchets, that 
which you have given us and that which the Eastern Indians 
have delivered to us where We will dig a hole and Sink our 
Childrens Hatchett, so that it shall never be taken up again. 

You say you think that Words will not do but We think 
otherwise for we have sent to them in a very mild manner to 
take away the Hatchett from them and they upon the first 
least hint delivered the Hatchett to us; and when we have 
caused them to come to Boston, We will strive with all our 
might and let them know how firmly our Brethren and We 
are United together. 

And we will tell them that if ever they do smite our 
Brethren again We shall. feal the Smart of it our Selves and 
if they do Smite our Brethren again we will Joyn together 
and fall upon them; and we will be Sureties for them that 
they shall behave themselves well. — 
The Commissioners Answer to the Six Nations last Speech. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 147 

Tuesday June 4 th 1723. 

The Major part of the Commissioners for the Indian Af- 
fairs being present. — 

Brethren. We have heard your Answer wherein you have 
given Sufficient Evidence of your Sincerity and fully de- 
clared your Resolution to let our Enemy know how firmly 
you are United to us. 

We told you before that We were not Instructed to say 
any think of Peace And indeed there seems now to be no 
occasion for it, Seeing you determined to send Delegates to 
Boston, there in the presence of our Government to Speak 
with the Eastward Indians. — 

The Government themselves will then be able to ftinish the 
Treaty which we have begun. — 

We doubt not but your sending will be acceptable to the 
Government as it hath airways been and we do assure you that 
all proper care shall be taken that you be suitably provided 
for in your Journey to Boston. — And doubt not but this 
Negotiation will Tend to advance his Maj tys Interest and will 
be finished to our mutual Satisfaction. — 

We shall now give Orders that suitable provision be made 

for your Return to your respective Castles where we wish you 

a Safe Arrival. — 

W m Tailer 

Spen r Phips 

John Stoddard 

Memorandum. 

Upon the finishing of this Treaty some of the Sachems 
with the Messengers of the Six Nations to the Eastern In- 
dians waited upon us and Desired that the Eastern Indians 
might be allowed to come into some ffort or Garrison in the 
Eastern parts with a while fflagg upon a Staff and they par- 
ticularly mentioned Richmond and desired thence to be 
safely conducted to Boston. — 



148 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Whereupon the Commissioners promised them to Acquaint 
the Government therewith upon their Return to Boston. — 



Reports &c connected with Expedition Col. Westbrook. 

Kenny Bunk May 21, 1723. 
Honourd Sir 

After my Duty, These with my Journal in pursuance of 

your oders. May 6 th Day we marched from Falm° thro the 

woods to Nonesuch river and from thence to Saco lower falls 

on the 8 th we marched thro the woods and came to Wells one 

man Sprained his Ankle & we were obliged to leave him thare 

9 th we marched thro ye woods on the Back of Wells on the 

10 th we Scouted on the back of York 11 th we Scouted on the 

back of Berwick the same day the Indians kill'd two men who 

were a looking of oxen in the w T oods the same day while I was 

after those Indians another Scout of Indians kill'd a man at 

Wells & burnt a saw mill and fifty thousand of Boards, we 

pursued them till night designing to parsue them the next 

day, but a Violent storm of Rain prevented for the 12 th it 

raind very hard all Day which made a great freshet the 13 th 

I divided my Scout, sent 10 men to Scout on the back of 

Salmon falls my self with the rest Scouted on the Back of 

Berwick and the upper land of York and camped between the 

Towns, 14 th I went with part of my scout to Kittery to guard 

the Judges of our Inferiour Court, the other part of the Scout 

kept Scouting on the back of Berwick 15 we guarded the 

Judges to York which was very acceptable y e 16 th We took 

provision and recruited our Selves. 17 th we Scouted on the 

Back of York 18 th we scouted thro the woods and came to 

Negunkit 19 tJl Sabbath Day we scouted on the back of Wells 

and camped on the east end of the Town. 20 th we Scouted 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 149 

on the little river and Mousome river & kenny bunk river 

and camped at the falls. S r I am bound now thro the woods 

to Berwick to the other part of my Scout, which are Scouting 

there S r this with my humble duty and so I remain your 

humble Ser 1 

Jeremiah Moulton 

[a copy] 

[A 2 nd Report of above Scout by Jer h Moulton, and con- 
tinuation to the 25 th of June. Extracts & abridgment.] 

19 th May Sabbath day; "scouted on back of Wells in hopes 
to find sum of the Lurkin Inemy lurking to take the people 
as they went to meeting but we found none of them allthough 
four of them was discovred by the Inhabitants while we were 
in the woods." 

"on ye 22 day we marched from Wells throw the woods on 
the back side of York whilst we was in the woods we heard a 
Larum at Capnadick we ameeditly struck throw the woods to 
Capnadick exspecting to have came upon the Enemy but we 
mised of our Exsptions for they told me they took the Laroms 
from Wells Emeditatly we marched to Wells when came 
thair they told us the Laroms came from Saco falls and som 
of the inhabtance had seen two Endens on ye 23 rd day we 
throw the woods to York : on ye 24 th we Scouted on the heads 
of out fields while the inhabtance mended their fences: on 
ye 25 th Garded and Scouted at the out mills while the In- 
habtance haled their Lumber, the 26 th Sabath day : on the 
27 th we took provisions and sent a Scout of men to Kittery 
to gard an Exspress that was going to his honor Relating to 
the Indians killing of two Endens at Montenecus :" * * * 
"on the 4 th scouted on the back of wells the Inhabtance of 
having a Grait number of bord at their mill at mereland 
which Lyetli between wells and barwick and Locking ever 
day when the Endens would bum them and by thair Request 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and it being a very lyckly place for to meet the Enemy we 

Lay in ambush about said mills while the Inhabtance Rough t 

with about Two hundred men tell the 14 th day of June we 

discovrd whair eight of the Endens had paced them selves by 

the road to have a shot on the teemes but our Scouts which 

went on ech side of the same Sum distance from the road for 

fear of a supryse thay coming on said Endens start up and 

Run our Scout persued them but the woods being so thick we 

could not have a shot at them:" * * "on the 19 th we 

devid our scout into three parts and wailaying in the Edge 

of the woods above Samon falls the Inhabtance of barwick 

went to work in their out fields while we Lay in perdue mad 

no discovery but Tracked teen of them which had gon a few 

days befor: on y e 20 th we all so devided in to three parties 

Two partes of them wailayed on the heads of the fields while 

the Inhabtence wrought in their out fields about their corn : 

my self with the other party Lay in perdue about three miles 

above barwick wair the Endens use to pas from barwick to 

Cochea" * * * "on y e 25 th Cap 1 Harmon Tuck the 

Scout and had them mad up fifty men." 

"S r Since this I have been Consantly Scouting with Cap' 

harmon his Liu 1 being sick * * * I pray directions 

from your hon r * * * I chuse marching Rather then 

Lying in garson. * * * 

Jeremiah Moulton. 



May 9 th orders from Coll Westbrook to march to Saco 
River. 10 th Victuald the men for nine days: at Saco re- 
ceived remainder of men to complete Twenty ; 12 th marched 
up to "Sammon Falls." — 15 th came on return to lower falls 
"I went to the Inhabitants to know if they would get down 
their Logs, but they said they could not the river being so 
high." Hearing an Alarm marched down to Lieut. Scam- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 151 

mon's: learned Cap tn Ward had discovered an Indian there- 
about. 

"The River is so overflowed and the woods so full of water 
that there was no going unless the men waded to their middles 
over many brooks w ch wee were obliged to pass over some 
were so great that several men were oblig'd to swim over and 
cutt trees on each side to meet so that the rest might bring 
their provision over dry, the Swamps and Interval land was 
so overflown that 'twas leg deep as wee marcht." 

Allison Brown. 

Journal of Capt Samuel Wheelwright: ISTov-Dec. 1721. 

Ordered to take 50 men from those posted at York, Wells and 

Arundall and go to Pigwackett in searching Indians. 25 th 

marched 8 ms. ; 26 th marched about 8 ms only by reason of 

the snow ; 3 men went back sick. 27 th marched 15 ms, 4 more 

went back sick. 28 th sent back 12 more men sick: 30 th Lay 

still, — fould weather, and men sick; — within 10 ms of 

"Osaby Pond." — Dec. 1. "When I came to muster the men 

in order to march some were sick some Lame & Some Dead 

tired Could not get above 18 or 20 y l was fitt to march 

forw d upon w ch I called the officers together for Advice & soe 

Concluded to Return again w ch was Contrary to my Enclina- 

tion. 3 d Gott home to Wells." 

Sam Wheelwright. 

Journal of Capt John Lovell & 87 men in quest of the 
Indian enemy, from Dunstable Jan'y & Feb. 1721 (1725). 

Left Dunstable 29 th Jan. Feb. 2 d camped at Pennycook. 
Feb. 5 th Encamped near Winnepesocket. 7 th a man badly 
cut by an ax was attended home by six men. 11 th traveled 10 
ms towards Easterly part of white nits, and encamped on a 
branch of Saco river. Killed a black moose. 16 th came 
upon tracks of Indians, left packs with 16 men and pursued : 
17 th found where they had lain 24 hours before: forced to 



152 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

return to packs for food: 18 th traveled 20 ms., camped at a 

great pond on Saco river : 19 th traveled 22 ms., camped at a 

pond ; 20 th traveled 5 ms. and "came upon a Wigwam that the 

Indians "had lately gone from and then We pursued their 

Tracks 2 miles further and discovered their Smokes and there 

tarryed till about 2 a clock in the morning and then came 

upon their Wigwam and killed Ten Indian men "which were 

all that were there, & not one escaped alive." — 21 st traveled 

6 ms. 22 d lay still to see if any pursued, 23 d traveled 30 miles 

and came to Cochechea. 24 th 6 ms to Oyster River; 26 th 

to Newington ; 27 th embarked on a sloop for Boston, arriving 

9 th March. 

Signed — "John Louewell." 

James Cochran Declareth that on the Thirteenth day of 
April Tuesday Morning taken by Two Indians about % of a 
Mile from Maquoit Garrison & Carried by them up Amres- 
coggin River, about 18 miles & encamped One watched him 
all Night the next night the other watcht but fell asleep & he 
took his opportunity with one of the hatchets & kill'd them 
both about Ten at night, they had Two guns, one he brought 
& the two Scalps came down in the Canoo a small river about 
Seven mile & hal'd her up. As he came along with the 
Scalps in his hand lost one got to brunswick Fort about nine 
in the Morning being about 35 mile from where he Slew the 
Indians The Indians told him there was six gone to Casco 
& two hundred coming from Canada they enquired about the 
State of the Garrisons he gave them an ace 1 of the strength 
of them setting them forth to be Stronger then they were. 

The Indians told him these men were at ISTorridgewock and 
a Priest. And also that there was Squaws & Indians about 
Three Days march from them upon Amrescoggin River. 
They told him that the Commiss rs were returnd from Canady 
they were Inform'd of it by Indians from Canada. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 153 

Records of Conferences With Delegates of the Eight Nations 

begun Aug. 22, 1723, at Court House Boston Speeches of 
Welcome, offering Belts of Wampum, other ceremonies. De- 
lay till Aug. 28 th for presence of Coll. Schuyler. 

Indians say, "At our Entrance into this Province Our 
first News was that Blood was shed even the blood of our 
Father your Minister which Blood was spilt by the Hatchet 
of our Children, and half of this Belt of Wampum, We lay 
on his Corps, the other half of this Belt (all the while holding 
it in his hand) is to lay on the Bodys of all others that have 
been slain that so the Earth may lye in a suitable pasture 
round & on their dead Bodys, as this Belt of Wampum lyeth, 
laying down the same on the table, and the Speaker sat down ; 
after some time arose again and holding a Large Belt of 
Wampum in his hand said, We desire you may have peaceable 
thoughts of those that are gone, and that no hindrance may 
be from thence as to our Treaty with you and We desire that 
we may Renew our Fire here in this place, i. e. That this may 
be the place of Council and that while we are here the sun 
may shine bright, and that there may be no Clouds or Dark- 
ness ; laying down the Belt of Wampum and sat down." — 

"The Lieut. Governour thanked them for their Concern for 
those that have been slain and assured them that we were 
pleased with what they had said." . . . "acquainted 
them with the late mischiefs done Eastward, and added, that 
this Court doubted not but the Deligates were sensible the 
Eastern Indians have broke their Faith with them and thai 
they will have a proper Resentment thereof." 

August 29 th L* Gov's speech in reply, offering Blankets; 
Compliments, then answer to their points. — 

"2. As to this Belt of Wampum which you laid down 
upon the Corps of your Father the Minister and of all the 
other killed by the Hatchet of your Children the Eastern In- 



154 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

dians, We take it very kindly that you express so much con- 
cern for the death of our People your Brethren and we take 
this Occasion to condole with you the loss of any of your 
People" 

Also expressed thoughts of peace, no events to hinder 
treaty difficulties removed ; treat with utmost freedom. 
Three Huzza's by Indians denoting satisfaction and assent. 

Sept. 2. A long speech by the Indian orator, — details his- 
torical of past relations with Europeans, — coming first of the 
Spaniard, then Dutch, then English ; — agreements ; acquaint- 
ance with the Maquois, — government called the "Broad 
Way;" — "English had what suited us," we had what 
suited them," — covenant not to be broken, — promises on 
each side fulfilled, increasing regard, forefathers kindled a 
fire at Albany at which to light their pipes, — "at Albany not 
at York, nor at Boston, nor at Virginia nor anywhere else." 
Tokens of covenant, — Tree planted at Albany reaching up to 
the heavens: — first took one anothers hands, then a string- 
then a chain. — then golden chain; holding us and our chil- 
dren forever. "Now fasten the chain and make it stronger 
and stronger." — Belts laid down as perpetual memorial. 
"Then taking another Belt of Wampum in his hand, said, 
This Respects more people that are gone from us & setled in 
Canada, naming Chucknawangaw & Oso Recollect, and other 
Indians that have not medled in the Warr. We the Eight 
Nations have agreed That Col Schuyler be desired to draw 
those nations down to be treated with, that so they may be 
kept in Peace with the English." 

"We Were desired to come to Albany to renew the Cove- 
nant with you which we did Rejoicing ; but behold in a short 
time the matter is turned to another thing, your Commis- 
sioners proceeded after we had Renewed the Covenant to put 
the Hatchet into our hands, which we laid by our side, not 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 155 

supposing it would come to what it is. We told the Com- 
missioners we would take a coal from Queders Fire and bring 
here to Boston which the Eastern Indians our children have 
been acquainted with in order for their meeting us and you 
here in Boston. But they refusing to come and meet here 
and haveing spilt the Blood of the English our Brethren, 
therefore we the Six Nations and the Two Other Tribes now- 
lay hold of the Hatchet which you oifer." 

Then declared the wish for that Belt to cross the seas, — 
and to be offered to his Majesty, who manages War and peace, 
that his pleasure be known, "as soon as the Head of the Canoe 
or Vessel strikes the shore, we desire you would send Directly 
to us and we will come forthwith." — Suggest to the English 
great circumspection & watchfulness while belt is gone. 

In holding to agreements of forefathers, if a great army 
appear against the English, let a post go night and day to 
them, — give each other intelligence of danger. Hearty en- 
gagements in matters declared to be of no small importance. — 

Finally mention custom at Treaties to have Hatchets and 
Kettles put in order. Governor returned friendly reply. — 

Sept. 6. 

Governor makes formal response to the several points, pre- 
senting at each "a piece of Plate," engraved with symbolic 
figures. Renew Covenant and Friendship, "continued with- 
out any Infraction as at this day;" "to remain in force and 
Vigour to the world's end." — Xor withdraw hands from 
golden chain Suggests that the new tree to be set up near the 
Albany tree for that government, should be at Boston or in 
tin's province: Will aid Col. Schuyler in dealing with those 
Indians who have not joined with Eastern Indians. 

(6.) "We take notice that out of Tenderness to the Easl 
ern Indians (whom you term your children) you had laid by 
you the Hatchet we had offered you, because those Indians 



156 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

had laid their Hatchet at your feet; by that action disarming 
themselves and engageing to forbear all further acts of Hos- 
tilily against us but now that instead of coming hither they 
have cast the utmost scorn and contempt upon you, and in de- 
fiance both of us and you at the Very time they should have 
met you here have fallen upon our People your Brethren all 
along the Frontiers and spilt their Blood and thereby given 
the most convincing Evidence of their great Falshood and 
Treachery, We think you could do no less in Justice to your 
selves and in Friendship to us than to take up the Hatchet 
ag l them as you have done especially since you assured our 
Commissioners at Albany that in case those Indians should 
smight any of our People your Brethren again, that you 
should feel the smart of it to your selves, and that you would 
Joyn together and fall upon them. (7.) We will represent 
to his Majesty your readiness to join us against Eastern In- 
dians, — but this Province has full power to make War and 
yon have no reason to delay for an answer from him. Your 
fighting men are at war with Indians at a great distance, you 
must have time to recall them, before proceeding against 
Eastern Indians: — excuse accepted. — but meanwhile we ex- 
pect you to encourage young men to proceed immediately. 
Small number allowed to go will not injure you, — and such 
shall be well rewarded. Reasonable to inform each other of 
danger if enemy are discovered coming. 

Have ordered the mending gratis of your guns, hatchets, 
kettles. 

Sept. 11. — Governor continues: — Our Blankets will en- 
large the carpet you have laid under the Tree: accept your 
caution to discover motions of enemies : will secure our people. 

Indians reply — thanks for response to proposal to watch 
for enemies. Our old men will not hinder the young from 
going out, they are abroad, on return will inform them. We 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 157 

Councillors can not command young men to go, Captains of 
war must first move. Proper to meet at Albany for our 
treaties; but if particularly with this government we yield to 
meet in it, but in the first town in this province on account of 
distance for our old men. Declared readiness, as the fire is 
kindled to carry the coal back 

Governor acknowledges their acceptable replies; — their 
promise not to discourage their young men ; mentions encour- 
aging rewards for scalps: very acceptable if some of them will 
now go: regards them fully engaged with us in the war. 
Wish you to see the Castle to-morrow. 

An Indian rises — says it is a hard thing he has to say, 
offers a belt, — "You have several of our Nephews in your 
Prison. We desire that the Doors may be opened & that 
they may he delivered to us.*' Hope all is well done, on 
your answer, "we shall turn our Faces homeward.'' — 

Sept. 17. — L l Gov. reports that for future particular 
treaties in the province, the place shall be Deerfield Gave a 
belt of Wampum with a seal in a silver box. Consent of the 
Court for delivery of prisoners. — Pancanralmett, and wile 
and three children, — as a mark of Friendship. A Medal is 
prepared for the Captain of first party of young men who go 
against the Indian Enemy Then L* Governor makes a 
Speech, first, — offer to educate one or two boys of each tribe — 
[The remainder of ins. is lacking] 

In the House of Representatives 

18 th Sept: — House informed a private seal was appended 
to the Belt given the Delegates, not the Province Seal. Pro- 
position to deface it and affix the latter, as agreed upon. Bui 
the Council regard the action of the House as — "just matter 
of offence." But House looks on the use of a private seal as 
w 'a high affront and indignity to them" and will maintain ami 
justify their Vote. — 



158 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Vandreuil. 

Sir 

I know not what von now think of the War with the 
Abenakeys which yon have drawn upon yourselves in Taking 
and possessing against all Right their Land, You may see 
that it is not so easie a Thing as you Thought at first to re- 
duce those Indians I can likewise assure you that you Will 
find more Difficulty in the Pursuit than ever, for that besides 
their Resolution of Defending their country as long as any of 
them Remains and not to hearken to any accomodation Un- 
till you entirely abandon all their Rivers, and that things be 
set on the same foot as They were before the Treaty of 
Utrecht All the Indians of Other Nations to whom They 
have reported The Evil Treatment which They have Received 
from You, have taken up the Hatchet for their help or suc- 
cour, and are Ready to strike the Blow on all sides to re- 
venge the Abenakeys their Country & Friends & to Deliver 
them from The Goals & Oppression which you would reduce 
them unto, have They not in Effect reason, What new Right 
have you acquir'd upon the Abenakeys and Their Lands ? I 
know not of any, The Treaty of Utrecht does Conceed to you 
Laccadie, Conformable to its Ancient Limits, The Lands of 
the Abenakeys are They Comprehended ? If so wherefore 
does the Same Treaty add in the 15 th Article That there Shall 
be named on each part Commissioners for the Regulation of 
the Limits between the Two Crowns, and to Determine the 
Indians that are Subjects of Friends to either One or the 
Other. — Is it not Evident that your Pretensions render 
Utterly useless this wise Regulation, which must fall upon 
the Abenakeys and their Residence, You have in fact put 
yourselves in Possession of These Lands, which you did me 
the honour to write that the Indian Inhabitants were Subjects 
<fc Rebels Notwithstanding you ought not to be Ignorant of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 159 

the Strict Alliance that has been at all times between us I 
Leave it to you to Judge (Sir) whether you or I do most 
Conform our Selves to the Rules of the said Treaty, whicli 
Contains that The Inhabitants of Canada or other of His Ma- 
jesty's Subjects shall not Molest the Two Indian Nations 
who have Submitted Themselves to Great Brittain nor The 
Other Nations friends to that Crown, likewise That The Sub- 
jects of Great Brittain shall behave themselves peaceably 
towards the American Subjects or Friends of France You 
Cannot be Ignorant (Sir) that in divers Letters which 1 had 
the Honour to write to you That I represented the unhappy 
consequences that must Infallibly follow the Evil Treatment 
You have used in regard to the Indians our Ally's for which 
I esteem you Responsible. 

I do assure you it is to me a Great ( lhagrin to see the great, 
Union that is between my King & Yours may be Changed 
by the Occasion of a Pretended Right by which you have 
siezed on the Land that from all times belong'd to our Allies, 
for In Short I cannot Sooner or Later hinder my self from 
Engaging in their Quarrel. Were it not better Sir in the 
mean time Untill Commissioners be named for This Purpose 
as is Expressed in the Treaty of Utrecht whereby to Regu- 
late all Things Amicably, to Lot the Indians enjoy peaceably 
their Land in which They have been always in Possession, 
& hereby to re-establish The Peace of those Countrys which 
we see with pleasure to be in Europe. 

The Sieurs La Ronde & de La Gesse are both Officers of 
the King & men of Consideration will have the Honour of 
Rendring my Letter to you, Waiting your answer. 

I have the Honour of being perfectly your most Humble 

& most Obed 4 Servant. 

Signed Vandreui] 
Quebeck the 28 th October 1723 

A true copy. Examined P. L. Willard Sec'y 



100 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

First Conference with the Cagnawagas. 

The Government of y e Massachusetts Bay, Together with 
y e Several Tribes of Western Indians did (the Last fall) 
send a belt of Wampum to Invite you hither to a Conference, 
which belt you Received and (as wee have been Informed) 
you Readily agreed to Come, the Government having notice 
y* you would speedily be here, appointed us to meet with you, 
and In their name to confer with you on such Matters as are 
Given us In Charge ; Wee now present you with these bands 
of Wampum to Pave the way to a Treaty, and Remove all 
obstructions; but In as much as y c Message was Joyut and y e 
affaire before us Concerns both us and y e Several Tribes of 
Neighboring Indians itt seems (att Least) Expedient y* Wee 
Wait their Coming which we daily Expect. 

The Chiefs Returned us thanks for what wee had said 
Agreeable to their Usage, and they said that they had con- 
cluded to Come hither, but at the same time there arrose A 

dispute between A & and the 

had Risen up against them, and was Gone to Warr Contrary 
to their Minds, and they could not Prevent itt ; but brothers 
dont mind itt, for bee is but one man ; they Preaceeded and 
said they would Goe on according to y e Custom of their 
fathers, and Laid down three strings of Wampum to wipe 
all tears to wipe away blood that no deaths especially y e death 
of Coll Schuyler might Intercept their Treaty and y* they 
might Use all freedom of Speech : — 

Corlair= Wee Received your Message Wharin you Tell 
us y 1 you understand That Wee have taken up y e Hatchet 
against New-England, and that if we had any Tenderness to 
our Wives & Children, we should lay itt down again, and y l 
if wee did not Lay itt down you must stop y e Path between 
you and us, for Necescessally expect ower . y e King 

to Assist In y e war : Wee doe In y e name of our Several Tribes 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 161 

Lay down the Hatchet and bury itt for ever, Lay d down a belt 
of Wampum and Stop y e Path of War between us and New- 
England. 

Corlair — You sent us word y* you thought itt very 
wrong that (whilst there was a Good friendship between y e 
Crownes of France & England) A War Should be maintained 
between this that were Subjects to thos Crowns, we have y" 
same sentiments with you, and God knows our hearts, Wee 
throw the Hatchet Into a Swift Current y' itt may be carryed 
away and never be seen Again, then laid down another Belt. 

Wee hear that yon, together with y e Goverment of Boston 
ami the five Nations had taken up y e Hatchet against us, and 
y e Eastern Indians, which wee desire you Likewise to lay 
down and bury. 

The Saint Francois Indians Keceivd your Message by your 
belt and sent us Word that they Left itt to our Fonr Nations 
to doe what we thought best for y e good of y e whole, and that 
if y e Goverment of Boston would send home their Prisoners 
or Hosteages they would be att Peace, and that if y e eastern 
Indians had been sent to, they would come hither to have 
Treated of Peace. 

They added that Govener Vandraialle bid them tell the 
Commissioners that if the English would send home the 
Hostages they had in Prison he would (Jive his Word of 
Homier that wee should not he molested any more. 

They said they were enformcd (a while before they came 
from Home) that some of y e Indians near Quebeck were go- 
ing to War in y e Eastern Parts, Whareupon they sent y e 
Chiefe Sachem of Schohanadie to stop theire Going till the 
Return of their Delegates from Albany which they promised. 

The abovesaid is the Purport of ye Answer of the Cag- 
nawaga Schahunado Aroundox and Kepisany Indians to a 
message sent from the Commissioners of Indian A Hairs Last 
winter which ye Commissioner desiered might not be made 

12 



162 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Publick, they told us they were forbidden to give Copies of 
their minds Wee saw two other belts of Wampam but y e Com- 
mishoner did not tell us for what Purpose they were given. 

Memorial what Jacob ye Indian & Comp a s d on their Re- 
turne from Canada upon their Massage Theither Viz" 

Major Abraham Schuyler Being the Interpreter. They 
first Laid downe 3 strings Wompam which was given unto 
them by y e Onogongues to Clear the Room of their hearts as 
y y say y u they might speake free. 

Then showing a belt of wompum y y said y e gov r of Canada 
had given them as a token of his great Satisfaction and pleas- 
ure on their Arr 11 at Canada on Such a Massage as they came 
upon — and he Thanked them and y e Commiss rs who sent them 
in the gov rs name for the honour they did him to acquaint him 
first of their arr 11 in his gover 1 before they had spoken with 
y e onogongues and said if y y would desire it he would send 
for y e onogongues to his house that they might speake there 
which hee did and about four days afterwards the onogongues 
came and There Speake, as Viz" 

The Nations Laying downe a belt said — 

Children. Wee now come the third time unto you with a 
desire that you may hearken unto us that you will noy Lay 
down y e hatchett with an upright heart and Meaning So that 
we may not hear of any farther blood Shedd of our brothers 
and if you will not Comply with This our last charge and 
desire of us you may expect y e Event to your worse — 

Answ r of y e Onogongues — 

Fathers you come to take y e hatchett out of our hands wich 
is hard upon us at this Time but if the English will send us 
our Captive brethren and Restore us our Land which y y pos- 
sess, wee will Immediately fling away ye hatchet and bury it 
for ever. 

Nations answer and sav with a belt, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 163 

Children wee now come to take yon by the hand and In- 
vite you to Albany which is anuther place where the hatchett 
has no power — but the peasable fire burns there for all 
Nations come there and speake with us. — 

Onogongues answer. 

We will not come to Albany Lett the Gov r of Boston and 
New York and all the Nations Come to the Govern 1 " of 
Canadys house and there we will speak with them. 

Ye Nations answer. 

Children "Wee now Leave you and forwarne you not to 
approach our near places henceforth but you may expect your 
worse 

This is The Whole answer of their Massage. 

[Filed] "Answer to the Message of the 5 Nations At 
Quebeck 1724. 



Report of Commander St. George's Fort. 

S l George's Fort July y e 21 st 1724 

About half an hour before Sun setting We saw five Vessels 
coming up the river and looking at them but a little while 
the Man in the Watch Box called to us saying the Indians 
were on the backside of the Garrison with a Flag of Truce. 
We no sooner heard that but we made ready our Flag in order 
to have some talk with them and when they saw our flag up 
there appeared several of them with an English Captive 
named John Barton a Fisherman belonging to the Isles of 
Shoals and being come within hearing an Indian spake with 
our Command 1 " as follows — 

Indian. You no see there something, pointing to the Ves- 
sels coming up. 

Comm dr Yes, and what then asking what they wanted. 

Indian It was the Garrison, and if we should Surrender 



164 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Garrison they would give us very good Quarters and send 
us to Boston in one of their scooners. 

Comm dr We want not your Quarters for we came on pur- 
pose to fight, adding that all the Indians in the Eastward 
coud not take us. 

Indian What is your Capt ns name 

Comm dr Canady, at which they smiled our Command 1 " 
asking who was theirs 

Indian Said they had eight, all this while their Vessels 
coming up got so near that our Comm dr told them he would 
fire a great Gun at her if they should come any nearer where- 
upon the Indian called to them to stop hut they not knowing 
what he said still came up so that we fired a great Gun at the 
Vessel at which they stopt their course and soon after fell 
down to the rest. The Indian told us he wanted we should 
let that Vessel come up above the Garrison, to which our Com- 
mand 1 " answered he would not telling them they were used to 
play the Rogues under a Flag of Truce. They made the 
Captive speak to us encouraging us that we should find very 
good Quarters, as he had, if we should surrender y e Garrison, 
& telling us that if we did not he was to dye y* night. We 
told him we cou'd not help it. The Indian ask'd when they 
might come again with their Flag of Truce, whether they 
might not to morrow. Our Command 1 " said he cou'd not tell 
he thought once in a Week Avas enough. Whereupon they 
drew off and made a fire that night a Quarter of a Mile from 
the Garrison 

About ten of the Clock in the Night we fired one Gun at 
them at which they spread themselves about the Garrison and 
made an hideous Yelling after which they lay still the re- 
maining part of the night. 

The next morning being Wednesday they came to the same 
place with their flag of Truce where they did the night be- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 165 

fore and when we put up our Flag the same Ind n began to 
speak as follows. 

Indian You no give up the Garrison, promising us good 
quarters as before. 

Commd r INTo, saying withal that if there were ten thou- 
sand of them he should not do it 

Then we take it, threatening to kill us all like dogs if so be 
it cost them any labor to take it 

Comm dr We value you not nor what you can do, for if 
you have the Garrison you must take it by force of Arms wh ch 
you nor all y e Indians in the Eastern Country can do. 

Indian What do you stay here for: You can do nothing 
but lose men and if it is uot worth your while only for sake of 
keeping that house telling us we had lost a great many men 
already and should lose more for they cou'd lye at our back- 
side & keep their Vessels in the River so that we should not 
get away neither should any help come to us. 

Comm dr Here is a good Harbour, you may stay here and 
Welcome. 

Indian How long you stay here. 

Comm dr It may be two years or more. 

Indian It is not your Land. 

Comm dr It is King Georges Land and the Govern 1, has 
given me a Commission to defend it and if there were ten 
thousand of you I would fight you for I came for nothing 
else. 

Indian Whats the reason this King George's Land me 
no go to King George to get any of his Land. 

Comm dr Your Fathers sold this Land to the great men 
in Boston it may be for a little money and now you want more 
for Indians are never Satisfied 

Indian You lye, my father never received one Penny 

Commandr You lye, I speak the Truth the Land is not 
yours and you shall never have it. 



166 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indian O yon much stout why yon no come out into the 
Woods 

Comm dr It is not my business. I was sent here to keep 
y e Fort & that I will do in spite of you and all that you can 
do. 

They told us their Chief Capt ns name was Joel. 

After abundance of threatnings they left us and went down 
the river to their Vessels and in a short time they put into a 
cove with one of their Vessels out of our Sight to lode with 
Wood and Combustible stuff and having fitted that they came 
up with another that was prepared before and set it on fire de- 
signing to burn the Block House & immediately that which 
they had been fitting in the Day came round the Point with 
her sails full but by reason of a great Gun that was fired at 
her Sheerd off and the tyde carried her a little way up, the 
first came very near yet we had y e good fortune to escape. 
This happend a little before night. 

While the Vessels were burning they kept firing on all sides 
but we held them in Play and by heaving on Water We pre- 
vented the fires doing any damage. 

About one of the Clock in the morning seeing their design 
frustrated they left us and went away very silently. 

Thursday the 23 rd about ten of the clock in the forenoon 
We saw nineteen Cannoes come from the Vessels that went to 
Wessowwesgig Carrying Place besides others that were left 
with the Vessels. They did not come nigh us all this Day 
till towards night and then about ten of them came to the 
Point on the other side of the River and brought the captive 
with them in order to sell him to us. Having had some talk 
about the Price they thro' much perswasion let the Captive 
come to us and having given him some Victuals We sent him 
back again with a Jackett and pair of breeches to show them. 
They lik'd them very well and sent the Captive to us again. 
The Command 1- sent over a red Coat which they took a great 



OF THE STATE OF MAltfE 167 

fancy to so that when the Captive went with it to them he 
with our perswasions got his Master to come over on this side 
to agree with our Command 1- about the Price but tho' our 
Command 1- went out and us'd many intreaties he could not 
prevail with the Indian to come within sight of y e Garrison. 
At last the Captive being advised by our Command 1- proffer'd 
to give his Master to the Value of five and twenty Pounds 
which the Indian took up with thinking the things mentioned 
amounted to five & fourty Pounds which was their lowest 
Price. We put the things agreed on in the Boat and sent 
one of our men with the Captive half way over the river ac- 
cording to agreement that they might receive their Pay but 
they would not venture but would have our men go aboard 
the scooner that lay about a mile and a half down the river. 
We having gone as far as they agreed to wou'd go no farther 
and night coming on when we saw they would not come off 
we called to our men to come ashoar with the Boat which 
they did telling the Indians to come next morning for their 
Pay. While the men waited for them to come off in order 
to receive what was in the boat the Indian that came on this 
Side went over with the coat wh ch is all they have rec d for 
they never came to us after but went away early the next 
morning. We had Ace 1 by the Captive that there was one 
Indian mortally wounded in the fight. 

Vera Copia p W m Coyne for Lieut W m Canady 

August y e 27 th . I went down the river with a boats crew 
in Company with Lieut Banks who went with three boats, 
and by that time we had got two miles from the Garrison on 
board of Capt. Saunders who was then going away the In- 
dians fired upon the Garrison : | Two lines illegible] 

We have discovered the Indians several times since but 
they have not done us any damage by reason of our keeping 
in the Garrison for the most part. 



168 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report of Indian Commissioners. 

Upon Wednesday the 26 th of August We received a Com- 
mission from his honour the Lieutenant Governour, Direct- 
ing us to proceed to Albany, There to negotiate the affairs of 
Our Government, and particularly to meet with the Eastern 
Indians, and conduct them to Boston : But having received 
Information that those Indians refused to come to Albany, 
It was thought necessary that Col Stoddard should go to Bos- 
ton: accordingly he took his Journey from Springfield on 
friday the 28 th of August, and having received further orders 
and Instructions he returned to Northhampton on September 
6 th and set out from Thence on the 8 th & came to Albany on 
the 11 th in the morning; The 14 th in the Evening His Excel- 
lecny Governour Burnet arrived, The Same Day most of The 
Indians came hither, The 13 th We waited on Govern 1 " Burnet, 
who shewed a readiness to do any Thing to serve The In- 
terest of Our Government, and assured us That He would 
Encourage The Nations to Joyn with us in the War ; and De- 
sired us to Take notes of what we thought proper for him to 
mention with respect to our affairs. We acquainted him with 
the Last resolution of The Six Nations of Takeing up the 
Hatchet, In Case The Eastern Indians did not hearken to 
Them in Their Late demand of The Hatchet &c, and told 
him, That we would wait upon him with a Copy of Their 
Speech to us on July 3 d — afternoon, We received a Letter 
from his Honour The Lieuten 1 Governour, to His Excellency 
Governour Burnet, which we Immediately Delivered: 14 th 
We Drew a Copy of The Indians Speech to us for Gover- 
nour Burnets Perusal. 

M r Leguel a French Man from Canada Came to Visit us : 
we told him at Large what 111 Treatment we had received 
from Governour Vandreuil in his Countenancing The War 
and Supporting The Eastern Indians, and That it would 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 169 

have been Just for us to have retaliated our Injuries on the 
French ; Yet we had hitherto restrained our Indians who 
were very Desirous to Deal with the French, as The Eastern 
Indians had dealt with us; but we were not sure that we 
Could restrain Them for the future. 

The Indians sent a messenger to us to desire a Cutlace, and 
with all Signified to us That They had Customs with which 
we were not Acquainted, According to Their Desire wc gave 
Them One, which They Emmediately proclaimed before the 
Governours Door After Dinner Governour Burnet sent for 
The Messengers who were formerly sent by The Six Nations 
to The Eastward Indians Together with Two from each Tribe 
and desired the Messengers to relate Their Messaged Answer, 
They said, Brother, you desire Two Things from us, First to 
give you an Account what message we sent to The Eastern 
Indians, as also Their Answer. 

When we Arrived at Montreal we acquainted The Gov- 
ernour of our Arrival, on which he said he would hear what 
we had to say next Morning: and Then we told him That we 
were sent by The Six Nations & Corlaer, and That Our Busy- 
ness was to go to S l Francois to speak with Those Indians on 
which we gave him a Belt of Wampum. 

In The Morning The Governour Sent for us and gave us 
Thanks, and Said, That lie was glad That we Acquainted 
hi in with Our Arrival & Busyness, Since The Indians ranged 
The woods, and might have met us, and Endangered our 
Lives: but Let us Consider what is best for you in This 
Matter, whether It be nol advisable That I do send for those 
Indians, and Then I can hear your proposal, and Their 
answer. 

On which We Answered, Father, We Think It is best That 
you send for Those Indians to come here, for They can't 
understand us, nor we Them : but here we may be supplied 
with an Interpreter, The Governour answered & returned us 



170 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Thanks. That we had Consented he should send for Those 
Indians, as he Proposed, on which he sent an Express, and 
They were to be in Montreal in four Days ; Mean while we 
went to Cagnawoga and Designed to return The fourth Day; 
but on The third Day at night a Priest (who was Interpreter 
between us and The Indians) awaked us, and Said That The 
Indians were come which we Thought Something Extraor- 
dinary ; The Priest went that night, but we the next Mom- 
ma, when come to Montreal we went directly to The Gov- 
ernour, who Said we should Tarry a while and he would send 
for us, which was Done afternoon. 

Then we said, we were sent by The Six Nations, and 
Corlaer, and Desired the Indians that There might be a ces- 
sation of arms for a while, as we had also Desired of our 
Bretheren of New England. 

Then we said Children, we are Come hither on purpose to 
Desire you to Come to Albany, which Is the place to Treat 
of Peace & Matters of Consequence. This Proposition was 
made not only in presence of the French but of The Indians 
thereabouts, gave a Belt. 

We have Proposed, That your Principal Sachems should 
go to Albany; we have not Limited a time, but Desire that 
they may Come along with us. 

The Indians Answered. Fathers; you told us That you 
were sent by The Six Nations and The Governour of York, 
That There might be a cessation of arms, which we Can't 
Grant : for we are so Inveterate against Those People of New 
England because They have Taken away our Land, and kept 
our People Prisoners but Let Them restore our Lands & 
People We will Immediately lay down The Hatchet and be 
at peace. Gave a Belt — 

Fathers. You say you are sent by the Governour of New 
York and The Six Nations to desire Our Sachems to go with 
you to Albany to Treat of Peace with the People of Boston : 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 171 

we cant consent to send Messengers to Them They having so 
Often Deceived ns, and kept our People Prisoners, whom we 
sent as Messengers. 

Fathers : You Desire In the Name of The Governour of 
New York, and The Six Nations That we should go to Al- 
bany to Treat with the Governour of Boston : We flatly Deny 
it, but If They are Desirous of Peace They may come to 
Montreal, and bring our Three men along with them and 
Treat with us In the presence of the Governour of Canada, 
and restore our Land, So we will Conclude a peace. We 
need not go to Our castle for The Principal Sachems of our 
Nation are now here, and This is our Final Answer — On 
which they gave a Belt 

His Excellency asked the Messengers whether They did 
not Promise The Boston Commissioners, That If The East- 
ern Indians did not Comply with Their Message, They would 
Take up the Hatchet, which Lay by Their side : They re- 
plyed They did not, but only In case Those Indians should 
murder Their Messengers, Then They would make use of 
The Hatchet which lay by Their Side : Then Several Others 
were Asked They returned The same Answer, Then The 
Speaker was called in, and Their Speech of July 3 d repeated 
to them: and The Speaker Asked Whither he did not make 
That Speech to The Boston Commissioners : he said yes. 
Saving That Their Promise of Taking up the Hatchet was 
on Condition of Their Messengers being murdered, Then 
They were Told That The Interpreter put Them upon It 
divers times to repeat their Words which They did, & There- 
fore There could be no Mistake, His Excellency asked them 
whether They Never promised him, or The Commissioners 
here or Those from Boston To Take up 'Flic Hatchet Against 
The Eastern Indians In case They Should persist In the 
War ; or whether They never Intended to Engage In The 
War Against These Indians. 



172 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

They Answered, They knew not of any Promise or En- 
gagement, Only That They promised his Excellency to be 
mediators for Peace. 

The Governonr Asked Them how They Imagined to Ter- 
rify The Eastward Indians, & oblige Them to Peace, If They 
did not Threaten to War with Them. They said They In- 
sisted on One of The Commissioners of Albany's going along 
with Them (The Commissioners having moved Their Sending 
on That Errand) He Then asked Them whether They Thought 
They had well-Treated him, who had Given himself The 
Trouble of sending Them to Boston, and to The Eastward ; 
or The Governm 1 of Boston who had been at great pains & 
Expence Upon Them And They never Intend to do any 
Thing. Then bid Them Consider of what Questions he had 
put to Them and Whether It was well to put off The Govern- 
ment of Boston with fair Words, and not Intend any thing- 
farther, and That for The present he should not say more to 
Them- 
lS 111 Early in The Morning Some of the Chiefs Came to 
Visit us with whom we Discoursed of Their Denyal of Their 
Promise Before The Governour yesterday: we soon brought 
Them to Acknowledge, That They had promised to Take up 
the Hatchet in Case The Eastward Indians would not hearken 
To Them, Some of Them said, That They had told a Lye 
when before the Governour, and That it was Outotschau, The 
Chief of The Omeuta 8 had put Them upon it to deny Their 
promise, Divers of Them Assured us, That They would in 
Counsel Declare the Truth and stand to it. — 

16 th Afternoon. His Excellency Governour Burnet met 
with the Six Nations and made a Speech to Them Chiefly re- 
specting such Things as more Immediately Concerned the 
Government of New York & Closed his Discourse as follows. 
Bretheren; You Promised me two years ago That you 
would Send Messengers to the Eastward Indians to Comand 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 173 

Them to make Peace with the Goverimi 1 of Boston & to Tell 
Them that you Could not look on unconcerned when your 
Bretheren of New England received such barbarous Treat- 
ment. I am Informed That since you have renewed The 
Like Promises to The Govermn' of Boston to The Commis- 
sioners here & to Their Deputies sent hither from the Gov- 
ernment of Boston. I expect of you that you will seriously 
consider what you have Promised and faithfully perform it. 
For The Great Bond of Union between us is to keep Our 
word to One Another, With out This There can be no True 
Friendship or Brotherhood between us. I do not enter into 
Particulars because the Deputies from Boston Government 
now in this Place Desire to Speak with you Themselves: and 
I recommend it to you Earnestly to hear Them with Attention 
& Kindness and to give Them such an Answer, as They tuny 
Expect from Good Brethren, after so many Promises made 
by you to Them, and so many Presents made by Them to 
you. Gave a belt. Then Governour Burnet withdrew, and 
we having Seated our Selves, 

Said Brethren, We have formerly Acquainted you how 
Tenderly we have Dealt with the Eastern Indians, & not with 
standing repeated abuses which the Government of The 
Massachusetts Bay have suffered from Them yet They En- 
deavoured by friendly methods To bring Them to a peaceable 
Behaviour all which proved (ineffectual: Since which you 
have Taken the same course with Them, yet They continue 
Obstinate, Therefore it now seems necessary to proceed 
against Them with Severity. 

Its now more than a year since The Commissioners from 
the Government of The Massachusetts I.ay 'rendered you 
the Hatchet againsl the Eastera Indians; which you Took 
and Laid by your Side, to use in Case They would not 
hearken to Proposals of Peace which you Purposed to offer 



174 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to Them at Boston with Threatnings In Case They would 
not hearken to von, but They Contemptuously Refused to 
See You There. Afterwards (when you were at Boston) you 
said you took fast hold of The Hatchet, but Desired The 
Govern 1 " to send your Belt to His Majesty King George to 
know his pleasure respecting the War. Near Three Months 
Since we again met you, Then you Expressed a desire once 
more to Try the Eastern Indians by Sending Messengers to 
Them to Take away The Hatchet from Them and to bring 
them hither to Treat of Peace, and agreed That They Should 
go from hence to Boston There to put an End to The War : 
you told us That you would then make an end of the Busy- 
ness, and In Case the Eastward Indians would not hearken 
to you & Comply with your Demands you would at that Time 
Take up The Hatchet (which lay by your Side) and assured 
us That The Six Nations had agreed to it, and It should be 
Done— 

They Seemed to Despise your Message And Sent you word 
That They would not Lay down the Hatchet nor come hither 
to Treat with you, and charge Our Government with making 
Prisoners of Their Messengers, which you your Selves know 
to be false. For many of you have seen Those Men at Castle 
William and heard Them Declare That They were (by Their 
own People) sent Thither as Hostages, you must by This 
Time (from your own Experience) be thoroughly convinced 
of what we have often told you of The falseness & perverse- 
ness of The Eastern Indians. — (Things thus standing) The 
Government of The Massachusetts' Bay have Thought lit 
(Once more to send us hither to receive your final resolution : 
and If They Consider you as a People Just to your Friends 
or Faithful to your Promise, They Can have no Room left 
to doubt of your Immediate entering into the War, and Joyn- 
ing your forces with Ours, to oblige These Obstinate People 
to a Submission to The Crown of Great Brittain, which (by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 175 

the Blessing of God) we hope may be soon effected. Gave a 
Belt. — 17 th a Great Number of The Indians Came to us 
In the morning: we gave them an Account of The late Action 
at Norridgewalk, together with The Killing of Some Other 
Indians, and of The loss of Several of Our People by Land 
and Sea. After we had told them what news we thought 
proper: They enquir'd what we heard from England : we told 
Them That One of us having been lately at Boston had En- 
quired, and the Talk there was, that There was a good Under- 
standing between the Crowns of Great Britian and France, 
and that Governour Burnet had told us That his Intelligence 
was the Same, Then They asked what we heard from the King 
Concerning Their Belt : We told Them That One of us was 
Informed at Boston, That Governour Shute had represented 
to the Court at Home the Treatment received from The In- 
dians with a hint how It was Occasioned. We likewise In- 
formed Them That Many of The Scauta Cooks had been to 
War against us, and That Paucanaulemet, who had been Set 
at Liberty at Their Desire, was gone to Canada; and Wo 
heard that he was gone to war ; Then They Agreed to retire, 
and Consult together upon the Answers They were to return 
to Governour Burnet, k to us. Afternoon The Indians m;i<l<' 
Answer to Governour Burnet, and Closed by Saying Brother 
Corlaer, yon told us. That we said Formerly that we Could 
not see The Eastern Indians so barbarously murder our 
Brethren of New England, without Resenting it, according 
to our former promise & Engagement to this Governm' and 
That of Boston Which we acknowledge to have said, That we 
would resent it and According to your Excellency's Directions 
we shall give These Commissioners from Boston now here, 
an Answer to That Affair. 18 th in the Morning The Chiefs 
had appointed to meet with us, but The Regiment of Militia 
being in Arms They deferred their Answer till after the 
Muster, Then They said to the following Purpose — 



176 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

We have sent twice to the Eastward Indians in order to 
Peace, but They have not hearkened to us. We have likewise 
Scut a Belt of Wampum to The King', and our whole De- 
pendance was upon That, we have been told. That The 
Answer would come in the Spring, but It Comes not, Our 
Eyes are Still upon That, and Ave wait to know The Kings 
Pleasure. Some Short Time ago, we sent Messengers a 
Third Time to the Eastward Indians in order to Peace, but 
They Disregarded Our Message. 

When you Spake to us two Days ago, you Desired us to Take 
the Matter Into Serious Consideration, which we have Done. 
The Eastward Indians Answered our Messengers and said, 
That in order to Peace with the Government of Boston, They 
Desired Two Things, Viz. The restoring Their Land return- 
ing their Hostages, so that the Business of Peace Seems to 
Lye with you. In as much as There is Peace between the 
Two Crowns, None of Mankind can be without Thinking, & 
our Thoughts are, That The Deliv'ring up The Captives 
(meaning) the Hostages, which is Agreable To Customs is 
the Likelyest Method for Peace, Altho The Hatchet lieth by 
our Side : yet The way is Open between this Place & Canada 
for The Carrying of Goods & bringing of Beaver, and The 
way is open between This Place & the Six Nations : But If a 
War should break out, and we should Improve The Hatchet 
That Lyeth by our side, These Paths That are now open 
would be stopped, and If we should make war, It would not 
End in a few Days as your's doth, but It must Continue till 
One Side or the Other be Destroyed, as it hath been Usual 
heretofore with us — We have been Three Times with the 
Eastward Indians but Could not prevail ; and we know what 
whipping & Scourging means : for we have been Scourged by 
The Governour of Canada. The Eastern Indians seem In- 
clined to Peace & Inasmuch as we have Tryed and cannot 
Effect It, we Desire that you would Try your Selves, & see 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 177 

If you can make Peace with Them, We have been at war with 
The Governour of Canada but not with the Broad way, nor 
with Albany & we Desire to Live in peace Still ; we would not 
have you Take it That we forsake you, why Should we Do 
it, neither Brothers, will we Do it. Then Laid down a Belt. 

19 th It rained till near night, which prevented his Ex- 
cellency from Speaking to The Nations a Second Time, Till 
Towards Evening; when He had finished his own affairs, 
He Said to Them as follows. 

Brethren. I find by your Answer To The Gentlemen from 
Boston, That you do not now Deny your Promises, but only 
you say you wait for The King of Great Britain's orders, in 
Answer to your Belt. Now This is not a Just Pretence, for 
The King hath given his Govern" here Power to make war 
with The Indians, without first Acquainting him. and you 
cannot believe that He can be pleased that you suffer The 
Eastern Indians to continue Their Mischiefs to New Eng- 
land under Pretence of Waiting for his orders to make war, 
because he is often abroad out of England, & so cannot give 
an answer to you Soon enough, and In The mean Time all 
The Mischief may be over, and your assistance of no use: 
so That I Think you are obliged by your Promises to The 
Government of Boston To make win- Immediately against the 
Eastern Indians, Since They have not accepted your Mes- 
sages to Incline Them to peace, and now I Expect you will 
give a Positive Answer to The Gentlemen from Boston In 
pursuance of your repeated Promises, Since That you do not 
Deny Them, and are Convinced That The Excuse you made 
before me in a Private Conference was all false; so That you 
know very well, That you have promised That If The East- 
ern Indians did not accept your Last Message you would Take 
up the Hatchet and you ought now to stand to this as what 
you are bound to do, and to make a favourable answer There- 
upon to The Gentlemen of Boston. 

18 



178 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

But If you will be so Unworthy and so Cowardly as to 
avoid going to war with your whole Nations as you ought to 
do. You cannot do less Than persuade your young Men to 
List Themselves as Soldiers under The Governm* of Boston : 
for This is a Custom in Europe, and The French know It 
well That when They were at war with the English, They 
have gone to a people who were at Peace with the English 
and have had leave to List Soldiers from That Nation, and 
this was not Thought any breach of The Peace between the 
English & That Nation which was Neutral in the War : and 
If Some of These Soldiers were killed in The War, It was 
not Looked upon as The Concern of That Nation, but only a 
private Loss To Their own kindred, So That If The Govern- 
ment of Boston can persuade any of your young men to List 
under Them, This Does by no means Engage you In the War. 
but These young men will then act only on Their own private 
Account. He Then gave Them a large Present, in The Di- 
vision whereof They were Then busied, so That we had not 
Then opportunity to speak to Them. 

20 th Before noon, his Excellency went on board his 
Schooner and Sailed for New York which we could not Dis- 
suade him from, altho we were Apprehensive of the 111 Con- 
sequences of it, and were afterwards Informed That The 
Argument was made use of, That his Excellency did not 
much Trouble himself about The matter; for altho he had 
moved Them to go to war, yet he would not wait Their 
answer 

The Governour having ordered waggons to come from 
Schenectada, next morning to carry the old men thither — 
afternoon we Thought no Time might Then be Lost; There- 
fore we sent for The Indians both old and young, who Came 
about four of The Clock afternoon to whom we said 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 179 

Brethren, Two Days ago you truly recited to us the Several 
attempts you have made to oblige The Eastern Indians (who 
you actually call your children) to live in Peace with his 
Majesty's good Subjects of New England, and added That 
They would by no mean hearken to you. We Think That 
(If you are a People of such strong Resentments That you 
Cannot forgive Those That Evilly Treat you, but must Total- 
ly Extirpate Them) Such great Contempt of you should 
Provoke your Indignation. 

You Told us That you had formerly Sent a Belt of Wam- 
pum to his Majesty That you might know his Pleasure con- 
cerning The War and That your Eyes had been on That. 
Probably you will not Think us Uncharitable, If we should 
Suspect that That Message was only to put us off and gain 
Time. Besides at our Last Conference you Told us (with- 
out any saving or reserve) That If The Eastern Indians 
would not hearken to you in your Intended Message, you 
would at that Time Viz. upon the return of your Messengers 
Take up the Hatchet against Them. Instead of Performing 
your Engagement to us, you now Propose That we can obtain 
Peace for ourselves by Delivering up The Hostages, & restor- 
ing to The Eastward Indians Their Lands. We have former- 
ly Told you That Those Hostages (who were Delivered to us 
as Pledges for Their Quiet & peaceable Behaviour towards 
his Majesty's good subjects) should be set at Liberty upon 
Their submission to The Crown of Great Britain and Their 
giving us good assurance of Their friendly Deportment for 
The future, as to Their Lands we Dont know That we Possess 
any of Them ; neither do we know That They have made any 
Challenge of The Government. They may Perhaps Intend 
Boston, or some other considerable part of our Government, 
If they suppose Themselves Injured They ought fairly to 
represent it to us. and may Kxpeet .Justice from us. But 
we must assure you That we are not reduced to Such an 



180 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

abject State as to comply with So Mean & low methods as 
Sending the Hostages to Canada when Peace is not Con- 
cluded & Promising to Deliver Them such Quantities of Land 
as They shall please to Challenge, without any sufficient Pre- 
tence of right. Our Government have Lookt upon you as 
Their Good Friends & Brethren To whom you firmly Prom- 
ised (when we were Lately here) That If The Eastern In- 
dians would not hearken to your last offer of Peace, which 
you Then Intended to make, you would Immediately made 
war upon Them. 

The Government has sent us hither chiefly to receive your 
Answer to That plain Question, whether you will now go to 
War according to your Promise or no. 

You did in your Speech to us Two Days ago, wholly wave 
That Question, which was The only or main Thing to be 
spoken to — 

We must Therefore Desire you once more to Consider The 
Indispensible Obligation you have laid upon your Selves, by 
The Word of The Six Nations, whereby your honour & faith- 
fulness are Engaged, and That you would Likewise Con- 
sider The Just Expectation of The Government after so great 
Pains & Expence as They have been at, and Give Such an 
Answer as his Majesty may Justly Expect from you at This 
Juncture and Such as may be acceptable to our Government 
and pleasing to his Excellency Governour Burnet who hath 
Declared to you, That He Thinks you are bound to go to 
War Immediately with The Eastern Indians, and such as 
shall be agreable to your young Men's Inclinations of whose 
readiness to assist we make no Doubt — This last Expression 
Seemed to Obtain a general acceptance. 

After They were Dismissed Some of the Indians had Dis- 
course with Capt. Kellog but Seemed much divided in Their 
Counsels: Aaron Said He would stand to his Engagement 
and go to War, but none of his Soldiers were There : and He 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 181 

was afraid Publickly To Engage without consulting Them, 
least They should he affronted, but advised That Each Nation 
should Depute Some Member first to go to War, and Then 
The war would be National, otherwise it would not ; others 
Said That The old men bad nothing to do in the Counsel, 
nor with The present That should be made: Some Said They 
would Go directly to War: others said That It was Our own 
Fault If we did not now Succeed in The Busyness; for all 
that was wanting was to Lay out our Goods to The Young 
Men: for The young Men must have Something to Consider 
upon, which They had not at present, The Belt belonging' to 
The old men, In The Evening came an Express from his 
honour The Lieu 1 Govern 1 " 

21 st Early in The Morning We sent for Some of the Chiefs 
& related to Them what Information we had received of 
Paucanaulemet being at Dunstable, and Told Them That He 
was set at Liberty at Their request ; and upon Their being 
bound for his good Behaviour so That They had been (acci- 
dentally) The occasion of what mischief we had suffered 
from him. Then we represented to Them The 111 Conse- 
quences of Discharging the Eastern Indian Prisoners. I 
asked Them what we might Expect In case we should set at 
Liberty The Hostages : for whose good Behaviour The Six 
Nations were not bound. After They were Withdrawn, 
Three Confidents Tarried behind, who Insisted upon it, That 
If, wdien We first Tendered the Hatchet, we had Laid before 
Tbeir young men The Present, which we kept under Lock 
& Key, They would Immediately have gone to war, and That 
(If we should give Them The Present, and They accept, 
They were Then Bound & would certainly go to war, and 
They Questioned whether we could succeed in any other way 
(altho we Thought it not well consistent with our Instructions 
yet) we Told Them That If That were necessary we would 



182 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

forthwith lay The present before Them. Then They said 
They would first go to The Council, and Then we might know 
what Course to Take. 

There now appeared so great a Probability of Their Com- 
ing into the War That we provided some Linnen and ordered 
Shirts to be made : We were likewise Informed Divers Times 
This Day both by English and Indians, That The People of 
the Town were apprehensive, That The Indians would Agree 
to a war : and That many of The People were Briefly all The 
Day with Some or other of The Indians, and at night, and 
The next morning many of The Indians who were Likely to 
have appeared for the War, were made Uncapable of Acting, 
by over Drinking. 

22 d The Six Nations returned The following Answer. 

The Six Nations have had a great deal of Consideration of 
what you Propos'd to us t'other Day, and are now Come to 
give you our Answer. You spake to us T'other Day of 
The Trouble you had met with from The Eastward Indians 
& mentioned our Sending a Belt to The King, Saying It 
would be too long to Wait for his Answer you did desire of 
us to open our hands, & Let The young men go to War ( Shew- 
ing a Belt we gave Them when we Spake to Them) Since 
you Urg'd t'other Day That we would Let our young men 
go : we have Considered of it, and Think how open This 
Place and the Neighbouring Places Lye where we get our 
Bread, and The Roads are Open, & Therefore we Can't con- 
sent That our young men should go to War against The 
Eastern Indians ; but your best way is to apply yourselves to 
The Governour of Canada for Peace for The Eastern In- 
dians are his Children. Then They gave a Belt of Wam- 
pum. 'Tis best That you apply yourselves to The Governour 
of Canada, for If we should Take up The Hatchet against 
The Eastern Indians The Governour of Canada would Look 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 183 

down upon us with Indignation and set The People round 
about, who are his Children, upon us, and That would Set 
all The World on Fire, & all Comfort will be Taken from us. 
We Desire You would Think well of us and always have 
peaceable Thoughts of us as we have of you : and we Desire 
always to live In Peace with you as we have Done heretofore. 
Upon That They gave a Large Belt and Some Skins. 

We told Them That we should have Some Thing further 
to say to Them next morning Then dismist Them. The 
Commissioners Tarried awhile, To whom Coll° Stoddard 
Spake pretty freely of The 111 Treatment Our Government 
had received from the People of Albany, who were so Unjust 
as not to content Themselves with Their not assisting of us in 
the war (altho all served One Master and were Embarqued 
in one common Interest) but had Taken a great Deal of Pains 
to Dissuade the Six Nations from assisting us. And That it 
was highly Ungrateful Considering That New England had 
formerly sent a Considerable number of men to Their as- 
sistance when They were much Distressed: They Would 
Scarcely find the Consequences agreable to their Expectation : 
for They might possibly find Themselves (within a little 
Time) necessarily Involved In The War, and In Time to 
come The Indians would use Those Arguments against as- 
sisting Them, which They had furnished Them withall 
against assisting us; and That Those Gentlemen who were 
Betrusted by the Governour, and had heard him Declare his 
mind openly were most Inexcusable in Setting Themselves in 
Direct opposition to his known Endeavours Some of Them 
Pretended They knew nothing of any such Thing; They 
were Then told, That If there was any Dependance on what 
was said Either by the English or Indians, There were Some 
Present who were knowing to it. 

23 d About Ten of the Clock The Indians Came to us, & 
without sending for the Commissioners, we said to Them. 



184 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Brethren you have several Times told the Government of 
the Massachusetts Bay That The Six Nations always Per- 
form what They Engage; you have likewise Taken our 
hatchet, & Engaged That you would assist us in the war 
against The Eastern Indians. But yesterday you plainly 
told us That you would not Joyn in The War, whereby our 
Government will be Enabled to Judge what They may Expect 
from your Promises and Friendship. We Dont Think you 
have so much hurt us as your selves by Provoking the Great 
God (who is a God of Truth and hates all falshood) to anger 
against you : yet you may Easily Think that our Government 
will represent to his Majesty what hath past between us, and 
we need not tell you how Disagreable it will be to him, and 
you may Depend upon it That his Majesty will 'ere long 
Give orders That his People (who have been so Industrious 
to Dissuade you from assisting in The War) shall afford 
Their assistance in Carrying it on. 

You seem concerned for The People of This and The 
Neighboring Places (They not being in a Defensible Pos- 
ture) and not so much for your Brethren of New England, 
whose Throats are daily cut by Their Ennemy; Bnt we 
Think you might have Left Them to the case of his Excel- 
lency Governour Burnet, who is able to Judge whether his 
People are in Danger or not, and to Provide against it. You 
Intimate likewise your Fear of the Government of Canada 
of whom we are not Afraid, neither have you reason to fear 
him, for The King of France his Master did in a solemn man- 
ner Engage (at the Treaty of Peace at Utrecht) That the 
subjects of France Inhabiting Canada and others, shall here- 
after give no hindrance or molestation to the five nations or 
Cantons of Indians Subject to the Dominion of Great Britain 
nor to the other Natives of America, who are Friends to 
The Same, So That It is as much as his Life is worth to 
harm you. 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 185 

We informed you, That Divers of your Children The 
Scautacooks had been at War against New England & That 
Paucanaulemet that was set at Liberty at your desire had 
murthered Some of our People, but you have said Nothing 
I >v way of Answer. You desire That we would have Peace- 
able Thoughts of you, who Desire to Live in Peace with us: 
you may Depend upon it, That our Government will always 
Treat you with Justice & Kindness and will punctually per- 
form Their Promises to you, altho you fail of Performing 
yours to Them. Then Gave Six Blankets Instead of a Belt. 
We desire to know of you (before we Part) whether you In- 
tended (yesterday) That you would not as a People Joyn 
in the War or whether you would hinder your young men 
going voluntarily, In Case any of Them Should be Inclined 
to be Improved in our Service. 

After a Short Consultation They repeated part of what we 
had Said, & The Main Thing They answered was That The 
Nations had agreed against Consenting to Their Young 
Men's going to war, as They had Told us yesterday, and They 
could not recede from it. 

Afterwards we Talk't with Several That were most 
Friendly, They said The old men were not Masters of The 
Young Men but They might go to War If They pleased, and 
altho They were much Discouraged with what The old men 
had said, yet some would Undoubtedly go. 

Aaron in particular Said, That He would be as good as 
his word, He could not set a time because his Son was now 
at war, & Daily Expected; yet he would surely go to New 
England and Take soldiers along w"' him. Garandawauna 
who hath been HI Treated at Albany for his service to New 
England, Saith lie will raise some men amongst the Shewo- 
rons & Come to New England Ilendrick seemed almost over- 
born with the answer of Nations, went Directly to The 
Maguas Countrey & will use his Utmost Endeavours to raise 



186 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Some men. We Settled our affairs and prepared for our 

Journey which we Took next Day, and came to Northampton 

on September 20 th Having Travelled all the night before, and 

upon 28 th Drew this Copy to be Expressed To his Honour 

The Lieutenant Governour 

John Stoddard 

Ebenezer Pomroy 

Joseph Kellogg 
Examined 

p r J Willard Peery 



Conference with the Delegates. 

Nov. 27, 1725. 

First Draft of Treaty with Delegates of Penobscot, 
Noridgwock, S l Johns, Cape Sable and other Eastern In- 
dians, drawn up to be signed Dec. 1725, after the Conference 
at Boston, begun Nov. 11, 1725 and described in the follow- 
ing document 

At a Conference begun & held with the Indian Delegates 
Nov. 11 1725 

Present the Hon ble the L* Gov r and Council together with 
Maj r Paul Mascarene 

Lt. Gov. I am very Glad of your safe arrival and that 
you are all here in good health — Are you all of the Penob- 
scot Tribe ? 

Inds Yes — 

L. Gov r Is Your Sachem in Health ? 

Ind. He is in good health 

Lt Gov 1- If you are Ready to give an Ace 1 of your Nego- 
tiation I am ready to hear you. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE ] s 7 

Ind: Tt is now late and Dark, but if you are earnest, that 
it shall be Soon Deliver'd, we will do it this Night — or else 
we will defer it till to Morrow 

L l Gov r I approve of your Motion and desire you will be 
here to morrow at Eleven of the Clock, I wish you a good 
Night — 

Novemb r 15 th Conference Continu'd 
L l Gov r I sent for yon now to Acquaint you that the 
Government having a great Deal of Business upon their 
hands which requires Dispatch, 1 have Appointed a Number 
of Gentlemen to Treat with you, and J shall sometimes come 
among you myself. The Gentlemen will meet you some time 
to morrow There are Seven Gentlemen in all, most of Them 
are here present and the other I believe will be here to mor- 
row — I hope you are all very well — 

[This page appears with slight variations as page 198 and the dates are 
conflicting.] 

Ind : We are all in good health and Return you thanks 
for the good care you have taken of us — 

L 1 Gov r I shall not detain you any longer this Evening — 

Ind : It is pretty late in the year, We should be glad to 
get home but would not make too much hast, it being our 
Custom not to hurry things over — 

L* Gov r I wish you a Good Night — 

\ Conference 

/ w" 1 y e Delegates 

In Council, Nov. 12, 1725 
Cpt. Loron, Alexis, Franswacksaveur & Moganumba, Dele- 
gates from the Eastern Indians attending. 
The Conference was as follows: Viz. 
Lt. Gov 1- How do you do this morning \ 
Ind. We are in very good Health. 



188 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Lt. Gov. I am now ready to hear what yon have to offer. 

Loron. After I went from hence last Summer & upon my 
Arrival at Penobscot I related to the Tribe what pass'd in 
the conference here at Boston, Upon which sent me to Canada 
upon a Message to y e St. Francis Indians there. At my 
arrival, all those Tribes had a great meeting at Sagnntacook, 
At w ch I have a full Relation of every Thing that pass'd be- 
tween the Penobscot Tribe & this Governm 1 from the first 
discourse We had in the Spring, And informed those Indians 
That the 1/ Gov r would give no Answer to the Penobscot In- 
dians as to what they offered till he knew the mind of the 
other Tribes. Whereupon the Tribes answered That as there 
is a Cessation of Arms with the English in your country So 
we will observe the Cessation in all our Tribes 

L l Gov r What are the Names of those Tribes that were at 
this meeting. 

Loron. The names of those Tribes are Arresaguntacook, 
Ahwenoh, Passanawack, Pamadniack, Norridgewock & Wes- 
sungawock with several other small Villages : And not only 
those Tribes but the Eastern Tribes so far as Cape Sables 
have join'd with us in this affair, And all these Tribes have 
left it to us to act for them in a Treaty of Peace, And they 
s d We desire you as being next Neighbours to y e English 
would go on heartily & with good Courage in making Peace 
And what ever you shall conclude upon We will agree to, 
For there is Nothing impossible for God to perform, And 
we wish there may be a good Conclusion of the Matter to all 
Parties concern'd. 

L l Gov. Did those Tribes give you any Pledges. 

Loron. The Penobscot Tribe sent Belts to those Tribes, 
& they sent their Belts to the Penobscot Tribe for a Confirma- 
tion of their Agreeing to what shall be Concluded, w ch Belts 
are lodged with our Chiefs w ch is equivalent to a Writing or 
Articles under their Hands. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



189 



L e Gov. Have you brought any Token from your own 
Tribe. 

Ind. In the spring of the year the first T;ilk was at St. 
Georges, and We rec d no Belt from this Governm 1 And as We 
treated upon Hon', We thought it not necessary to bring 
Belts. 

L* Gov. It is Dinner Time, And 1 dismiss you for the 
present 

Repetition of p. 195 as noted above, with names of 

Interpreters 

Capt Gyles 

Jordan 

Bane 



Esq rs Comissioners <£rc 



At a Conference with the Delegates of the Indian Tribes 
& managed by Comissioners appointed by the Hon blc Lieu* 
Governour, on the 10 th of Novem r 1725. 

William Tailer 
Edmund Quincey 
Adam Winthrop 
John Turner 
William Dudley 
Jon a Remington 
John Chandler 

Loron 
Alexus 

Franswacksavea 
Weguanumba 

Capt. Jordan 
Capt. Gylese 
Capt. Bean 



Indian Delegates 



Interpreters 



The Comissioners and Delegates being met The Comis- 
sioners began as follows — 



190 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Comissioners. Gent. The Hon ble William Dinner Esq 1- 
Lieut. Governour and Cornander incbief of this His Majes- 
ty's Province, last night in Council acquainted you, that he 
had comissionated several Gent, to treat with you in his 
Name concerning a Peace These are the Gentlemen whom 
you see present and the Comission shall be read to you 

The Comission was read 

Comiss rs Gent, you have heard our Comission by which 
you see our Power, But before We enter into this Treaty of 
Peace we have something to say 

Com rs Notwithstanding the Cessation which was agreed 
upon in August last, for that part of the Countrey which lyes 
Eastward of Kenebeck River You are not ignorant that sev- 
eral of His Majesty's Subjects have been surprised and slain 
at Damaris Cove and one carried away Captive. Now Wee 
are instructed to inquire how that came to pass 

Indians. Before We arrived at Canada so as to give the 
Indians an Acco 1 of the Cessation they were come out and 
according as We can reckon three days after Loron set out 
from the Penobscot Tribe for Canada that mischief was done. 

Com rs — Of what Tribe were those Indians that did that 
Mischief. 

Ind s They were of the Seguntacook and Noridgwalk 
Tribes. 

Com rs Did you give the Several Tribes Notice as soon as 
you could after your arrival. 

Ind s — We did with all the Speed We could. 
Com rs Was there any of the Penobscot Tribe with those 
Indians when the Mischief was done 

Ind s No : It was done before they knew it. 
Com rs What Number of Indians were there. — 
Indians. About Twenty. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 191 

Com rs What were the Names of those Indians 

Ind s The Names of the Chief of them were Wiwurna, 
Wahaway & Job al s Wausaumenis We not seeing them can 
remember no more of their names. 

Com rs Did you see any of those Indians after the mis- 
chief was done 

Ind s Some We did see and Some We did not see they 
were gone a hunting. 

Com 1-9 Did you see the English Lad who was taken 
Captive. 

Ind s We did not We understood he was carried directly 
to Canada. 

Com rs After the Cessation was entered into with Loron 
in August last This Government justly expected they might 
goe safe any where in those parts and that was the reason 
our People ventured so fan. 

Ind s When We told the Indians of the Cessation who 
came in the Cannoe to acquaint us they had killed some Eng- 
lish, they said they knew nothing of it, if they had, they 
would not have done the Mischief. 

Com rs What assurance can you give us that the like 
Damage shall not be done while We are upon this Treaty 

Ind s I have since been among all the Tribes and in- 
formed them and they have all engaged and seem to be sincere 
If I thought they were not I should not have come 

Com" s It was proper this matter should be settled mid 
made up We shall represent it to the Gov* and appoint an- 
other time to proceed in the Treaty. 

Inds Wo shall be very glad to come on with the Treaty. 

Com rs That mischief happening as it did gave Occasion 
for ns to inquire into it and now Wo shall report to the Gov 1 " 
and see you again as soon as we can We hope in the afternoon. 



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the House of Representatives Nov. 16 th 1725 

Tuesday Novem' 16 th 1725 P: M: 
Com rs Since We saw you in the Morning We have re- 
ported to the L 1 Gov r what you have offered in Order to clear 
the Penobscot Tribe from the mischief done at Damaris Cove 
and the Lieu' Gov r relying upon your Integrity in the Acco 1 
given thereof, has directed us to acquaint you that he accepts 
your Excuse. However since that fact was committed with- 
in the Limits included in the Cessation of Arms, and inas- 
much as you are impowered by those Tribes, who did the 
Mischief, to act in their behalf The Lieu 1 Gov r justly Expects 
that you doe your utmost Endeavour that Reparation be made 
and more Especially that you take effectual Care that the 
English Lad taken Prisoner be restored in a short time. 

Ind s We can give no Answer as to the English Lad, being 
as We suppose at a great distance from us. In the Spring 
when We can talk with those Indians, We shall inquire into 
it, but can give no particular Answer relating to that matter 
at present Not knowing but be may by this time be in the 
hands of the French. 

Com rs We expect you promise that you will doe your ut- 
most Endeavour. 

Ind 3 We shall use our Utmost Endeavour that he may be 
restored. When We come to the Conclusion upon the mak- 
ing up of the Peace We expect no other but all Captives that 
are in being are to be delivered up. 

Com rs When you were here last, the Lieu 1 Governour ac- 
quainted you, that he insisted upon Jo: Nebon Return, being- 
suffered to goe to Penobscot upon his Parole, and he Ex- 
pected you would have brought him with you, and now de- 
mands the Reason why he is not come. 

Ind s When Loron went to Canada, that Indian went to 
Cape Sables to look after his Family there, and promised to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 193 

return, but not being returned, when Loron came back, he 
was no farther inquired after. 

Coni rs We are further to acquaint you that Sacaristo the 
Hostage and an Indian Prisoner, notwithstanding the kind 
Usage they received here sometime since run away, but were 
soon taken and were far from being dealt with as some of our 
Prisoners were, who were put to Death, when they en- 
deavoured an Escape from your Tribe, but were only con- 
fined in Prison, We find this in a Letter from your Jesuit to 
Father Ralle of Noridgwalk 

Ind s — (Loron) I take God to Witness, I never saw any 
person burnt at Penobscot, and I have lived there from a 
little Boy (nor ever heard of any) 

— The Clause in the Jesuits Letter was read and inter- 
preted to them. — 

Ind s We dont know of just three Vessels taken at any 
time, there was Seven taken at one time and two at another, 
but we know of no men that were killed after they were 
taken, but if there were any wounded they were always taken 
care of. 

Com rs It is late and We shall represent what has been 
now said to the Lieu 1 Gov r and at the next Interview pro- 
ceed to the Treaty of Pacification. 

Inds. We hope Jo: N ebons not returning, and our not 
being able to make particular Answer as to the restoring the 
English Lad, will be no Hindrance to the Treaty. If the 
Lad had been with our Tribe We should have brought him 
with us. — 

Wednesday Novem r 17 th 1725 
Corn 18 We have informed the Lieu* Gov r of what pass'd 
hist night, and lie expects they will take care to comply with 
their promise 

14 



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Com rs — We come now to the Treaty of Peace Then the 
Heads of Several Articles were read and Interpreted to them 
which are as follows Viz 1 

First. — Acknowledgment of the Sovereignty of the Crown 
of Great Britain and their Subjection thereto. 

Secondly. To forbear all Acts of Hostility and maintain 
a firm and Constant Friendship with the English. 

Thirdly. All English Captives who have fallen into the 
hands of those Tribes to be delivered up — without Ransom. 

Fourthly. His Majesty's Subjects of this Government 
peaceably to enjoy and possess all their Rights of Lands &c 

Fifthly. That Commerce and Trade shall be regulated 
and carryed on from time to time as shall be provided by an 
Act to be made. 

Sixthly. No private Revenge shall be taken by the In- 
dians, but proper Application shall be made to the Govern- 
ment in a due course of Justice for Redress. 

Seventhly. That in case any of the Tribes of Indians in- 
tended to be included in this Treaty shall Notwithstanding 
continue or renew Acts of Hostility against the English or 
refuse to confirm this present Treaty entered into on their 
behalf, in such case the Penobscot Tribe to covenant and en- 
gage with us in reducing them to Reason. 

Eighthly. Whereas there are only Delegates of the 
Penobscot Tribe It is agreed That the Treaty at present 
concluded on shall be further Ratifyed and confirmed in a 
publick and solemn manner by the Chiefs of the Several 
Tribes at Sometime in the Month of 

Saturday Morning Novein r 20 th 1725 

Com rs Since we saw you last We have been upon the 
article about Land, but have been hindered by the Lieu 1 Gov- 
ernour of New Hampshire and other Gent, of that Govern- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 195 

ment coming to Town, but now We shall propose something 
to you on that head. Then the following Article was read. 

That His Majesty's Subjects the English shall and may 
peaceably and quietly enter upon improve and for ever enjoy 
all and singular their Rights of Land and former Settle- 
ments, Properties and Possessions within the Eastern parts 
of the said Province of the Massachusetts Bay Together with 
all Islands Islets, Shoars Beaches and Fishery within the 
Same, without any Molestation or Claims by us or any other 
Indians and be in no wise molested interrupted or disturbed 
I heroin. Saving unto the Penobscot Noridgwalk and other 
Tribes within His Majesty's Province aforesaid — and their 
Natural Descendents respectively all their Lands Liberties 
Properties and Privileges not disposed of Possessed or Im- 
proved by any of the British Subjects as aforesaid 

By what has been read to you you must be sensible That 
there is Care taken to secure to you your Lands, as well as 
the English Lands to them, and our Design therein is both 
to do Justice to you and also to prevent contention for the 
time to come. And in order thereunto We propose an In- 
strument to be Executed by the Lieu 1 Governour in the Name 
of this Government which shall be delivered unto von in & 
by which shall be distinguished and Secured all your Rights 
— And the next Thing to be considered, is the proper Method 
to effect it. 

Indians We desire to be informed what is meant by the 
Words former Settlements, whether the English design to 
build Houses further than there are any Houses now built or 
Settlements made. 

Com rs When We come to Settle the Bounds We shall 
neither build or settle any where but within our own Bounds 
so settled, without your Consent. 

Ind s We understand it well now It is best to understand 
well what is said. 



196 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Com rs That is right and therefore that you may under- 
stand well what is said, We must take time to consider, and 
in the meantime you will your Selfes consider what has been 
said and of some method how it may be effected. 

In the House of Representatives Nov 1- 22 1725 
Read 

Tuesday Morning Nov 1- 23 d 1725 
Com rs The last time We saw you We acquainted and as- 
sured you of the Just Intention of this Government in Rela- 
tion to our and your Lands. If you have thought of a Method 
to distinguish the one from the other We are ready to hear it, 
We propose that in the lustrum 1 We told you of that the 
Governour will execute and deliver you It be inserted — 

1 That a Committee of able faithfull and disinterested 
Persons be appointed by this Government to receive and ad- 
just the Claims of Lands in the Parts Eastward of Sagada- 
hock & amoroscogging Rivers and above Merrymeeting Bay 
which claims shall be laid before and made out to the said 
Committee sometime within Twelve Months from the Con- 
clusion of the present Treaty of Pacification with the East- 
ern Indians. 

2 That in order to the adjusting regulating and settling 
the said English Claims as aforesaid Comissioners of like 
ability and disinterested shall go down into those parts of 
this Province, Who with a Number of the Indian Chiefs ap- 
pointed for that purpose shall show forth and ascertain the 
Bounds of such claims and challenges accordingly. 

3 That in the mean time no Settlements shall be made 
by the English beyond Sagadahock and Amoroscogging 
Rivers and above Merrymeeting Bay within this Province 
before their just Right and Title hath been duly inquired 
into and made manifest and the Indians have had the full 
knowledge and Understanding of such Right and Title. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 197 

In the House of Representatives lSTov r 23 d 1725 — 
Read and Accepted 

Voted that the three foregoing Articles be given as In- 
structions to the Commissioners Appointed to Confer with 
the Indian Delegates in Case the Indians make no other pro- 
posals for the distinguishing the Lands of the English from 
their own 

Sent up for Concurrence. — 

W m Dudley, Speaker — 

Wednesday Morning Kovem r 21 th 1725 

Com rs The last Time We saw you, We acquainted and 
assured you of the Just Intention of this Government in rela- 
tion to our and your Lands If you have thought of a method 
to distinguish the one from the other We are ready to hear it. 

Ind 3 As you have read over to us several of the former 
Treaties with our Forefathers, We think it would be better 
to come wholly upon a new Footing, for all those former 
Treaties have been broke because they were not upon a good 
Footing and this is the Reason that Mention was made last 
Summer of the English removing as far as from Cape 
Elsibeth. 

In case the English will quit St. Georges and Richmond It 
will show an Inclination to Peace, and as every thing which 
you have said is reasonable so it seems reasonable that We 
should insist upon those two Places only. We dont speak 
any ways flattering or from Pride, or Deceit but freely speak 
our Minds, that there may be no Misunderstanding when the 
Peace is concluded, by the English settling too nigh us. It 
is the Mind of all the Tribes That if those two Garrisons 
were removed, they would all think that the English were 
hearty and in earnest for a lasting Peace. 

Com 1-3 Were you particularly instructed upon these 
Heads from the several Tribes. 



198 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ind s Yes We were particularly instructed. 

Corn 1 " 8 We take Notice of what you have said and We 
must lay it before the Gov r and as it is a matter of great Con- 
sequence and Importance and will require time, you will not 
be impatient. 

Ind s As to the two small articles which have been men- 
tioned It is no great Matter the giving up them two only and 
We hope will not hinder our Proceeding in the present 
Treaty. As for our own parts We are not impatient but the 
Indians that we left waiting for our Return lye open to the 
Weather, and We are afraid they will be impatient, It being 
the Custom of the Indians to goe far up in the Country a 
hunting in the Winter time. 

Friday Novem b 26 th 1725 

Com rs We have communicated what you said at our last 
meeting to the Lieu' Governour and now shall give you his 
answer which is — That the Lieu 4 Governour is displeased 
with your Proposal of Quitting the Fort at Richmond and the 
Garrison'd House at S l Georges, for that it belongs to him as 
the King's Governour to Judge of those Matters, and as for 
the Lands, they stand on, We have good deeds in our hands 
therefor which We are ready to show you And We are in- 
structed to assure you, that if a Peace be concluded and a 
Trade agreed upon Those Houses at Richmond and S 1 
Georges, will not then be used for offence but may be used as 
Trading Houses for carrying on a good and safe comerce 
between us and you. 

Then several Deeds of Lands in the Eastern parts were 
shown to them and the Indians Names who signed those 
Deeds were read to them and they acknowledged that they 
had heard of those Sachems and that there was some of them 
now alive, then they were told how long agoe those deeds 
were made and that the Grantors did acknowledge that the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 199 

Tract of Land which they sold to M r Wharton was a great 
many years before sold by their Forefathers to M r Purchase 
and Mr. Shapleigh, and that Purchase lived on the Land 
several years, that Warumbo an Indian Sachem acknowledged 
the Deed before a Justice of Peace, and Possession was given 
to Purchases Daughter Forty years agoe, by Turf and taking- 
Water out of the River That Agebedosset and Kenebga like- 
wise sold the very Spot of Land on which Richmond Fort 
now stands, to M r Lake, then they were told, that some of 
those Deeds were shown to the Sachems at Arrowsick at the 
Conference between Gov r Shute and their Tribes and that 
Twenty of their Chiefs confirmed the Same accordingly then 
a Deed of Land at S l Georges from Madockawando to Sr. 
William Phips thirty one years agoe was shown to them and 
they were told, that S r William gave a great quantity of 
Silver Money and a Number of Blankets and other things 
for the Same, and that the Fort at S l Georges stands upon 
this Land, that we know of no Deeds of Lands to the East- 
ward of this, but a great many of Lands to the Westward of 
it, Notwithstanding they are not to be debarred, but shall 
have free Liberty to hunt and fish &c any where but where 
the Lands are inclosed 

Com rs We hope We have now made out to your Satisfac- 
tion, that We have Deeds for the Lands on which those 
Houses stand, and that you were in the wrong to demand 
those Houses to be removed, they will never be used to annoy 
or hurt you while the Peace lasts which we hope will be for 
ever. 

Inds We desire to goe out and consult upon what has been 
said. 

P. M. 

Com rs We are ready to hear what you have to offer 

Ind s We desire to know the right meaning and Under- 
standing of two words, — as to the Deeds of Land as far as 



200 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

S* Georges Fort whether Houses will be built aud Settlements 
made as far as the English have purchas'd. 

We are free and plain in our Discourse that there may be 
no Misunderstanding afterward. And as to the Lands that 
have not been purchased that lye vacant in Spaces between 
what has been purchased, whether when the English come to 
Settle, there shall not be a Consideration for that Land — 
and whether We shall not have a further Gratuity or Ac- 
knowledgement made to us for what has been purchased of 
our Forefathesr. The Reason of our Inquiring into this is 
that we may be able to tell it right when We come home to 
the tribes. 

We are well pleased to see the old Deeds for the Lands, and 
they are to our satisfaction and we shall satisfy the Tribes 
when We come home We have nothing further at present We 
are ready to hear what you have further to say — By what you 
have said you seem well inclined to Peace. If We should 
proceed further as to the Boundaries of Lands we should goe 
beyond our Instructions. It seems to us that the Peace is so 
far made that every one may goe about his lawfull Occasions 
in hunting fishing &c till the Spring when the Boundaries 
may be further settled in a General meeting. 

Com rs We shall repeat what you have said to the Gov 1 " 
and we hope to see you again in the morning to perfect what 
we have begun. 

Ind s We desire to know when we have concluded upon 
every thing, when We shall goe home not that We are Im- 
patient for We live well and are well provided for, but the 
Indians We left are every day expecting and looking out 
for us and will be impatient till We return. 

Com™ When We have finished We shall not detain you 
but you shall goe with the first fair Wind 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 201 

Saturday Nov r 27 th 1725. 

Com rs We have reported to the Lieu 1 Gov 1 ' what was said 
at the last meeting and he has considered your three Ques- 
tions propounded yesterday and has directed us to give yon 
the follow ina Answer. As to your first Question — 

Whether the Land about S l Georges must be settled with 
Houses as far as the English have purchased — We answer — 

Those Lands are the Property of particular Persons who 
have the Indian Right by fair Purchase as you are sensible 
by the Deeds which have been shown you, and you cannot 
reasonably expect that the said Proprietors should be hindred 
of making Improvement of what is their own, however Care 
will be taken by the Government That no Encroachment shall 
be made on you and that they do not any wise Injure you but 
treat you as Friends and good Neighbours 

To the Second 

As to the Lands that have not been purchased which lye 
vacant in Spaces between what hath been purchased, whether 
if the English should have a mind to purchase any of it when 
they come to settle you shall have a Consideration for it. 

We answer — you will certainly be paid for such Lands 
as you shall hereafter dispose of to the English and there- 
fore when ever you sell any Land It will be best for you to 
acquaint the Governm 1 there of and they will take care that 
you be not wronged therein. 

To the Third 

Whether you sluill not have a further Gratuity or Ac- 
knowledgment made to you for what has been purchased of 
your Forefathers — We answer — 

Your Ancestors have been paid for those Lands to their 
Satisfaction as has been proved to you and there is no reason 
to expect the Lands should be paid for over again. 

Com rs Notwithstanding what We have now said in 
Answer to your Questions The Governm' will take due Care 



202 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that you shall not be wronged and you shall have free Liberty 
of hunting and fishing &c any where but in the Inclosures, 
or Lands that are fenced in. 

Com rs We have done if they have any-thing to offer We 
are ready to hear them 

Ind s We have nothing to offer at present 

Com rs The next time We shall goe upon the Article 
about Trade, but this will not be till Tuesday next. Several 
of the Gent, being going to their houses in the Country. 

Wednesday Decern 1 " 1 st 1725. 

Com rs If you have anything to offer in answer to what 
We said to you last meeting We are ready to hear you 

Ind s We have nothing to offer. 

Com rs The Government are making an Act for the Regu- 
lating Trade with you (that not belonging to us) and It will 
be doubtless be of Advantage to you and when It is finished 
It shall be read and interpreter to you. 

Com rs Whereas We have agreed that this present Treaty 
shall be more publickly and solemnly ratifyed by your Tribes 
We would know at what time they may be assembled for that 
end. 

Ind s A little after Planting time, for now as soon as We 
return, the Indians will goe a hunting for the Winter, and in 
the Spring they will be imployed in Planting so that after 
Plant will be the most proper time which will be about the 
Tenth of May next 

Com rs What Place do you think will be the most proper 
to meet at. 

Ind s We can't answer till We speak with the Tribes. 

Com rs The Governour will appoint a Place w ch will be 
convenient both for us and you 

Conference with the Delegates — Nov. 27, 1725 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

Committee on English Claims to Eastern Lands. 

Pursuant to an Order of the General Court in their Session 
in November & May last appointing a Committee to receive 
the Several Claims or Titles that may be had or obtained of 
the English to the Lands in the Eastern parts of this province 
and to repair to ffalmouth at the time proposed for the Rati- 
fication of the late Treaty and to produce the said Claims or 
Titles and take care as far as possible to make out the same 
to the Satisfaction of the Indians and to distinguish and as- 
certain what Lands belong to the English in order to the 
Effectual prevention of any Contention or Misunderstanding 
on that for the ffuture. 

The Committee accordingly repaired to the place at the 
Time appointed given public notice to all persons concerned 
which was done by posting up the same in the Words 
following 
Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay 

Public notice is hereby given to all persons concerned that 
the Committee appointed by the Great and General Court to 
receive the Claims or Titles of the English to the Lands in 
the Eastern parts of this Province, will attend that Service 
at the House of Cap Richard Cotter from nine to Eleven of 
the Clock in the forenoon pursuant to the Direction of the 
General Court to receive any Claims that may be made in 
order to ascertain and distinguish what Lands belong to the 
English for preventing any Contention or Misunderstanding 
on that head for the ffuture and all persons concerned are 
desired forthwith to bring in their Deeds or Claims to the 
Committee. 

By order of the Com te 

John Wainwright, Cle 



204 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Falmouth in Casco Bay 
July y e 18 th 1726 

and upon the third and fourth days of August, 1726. 
The Committee had a Meeting with Wenemouett Chief 
Sachem and Sagamore of the penobscott Tribe, Espeguheat 
second Chief of the said Tribe, Loron and nineteen others of 
the principal men of the penobscotts, Cap* John Gyles Cap* 
Joseph Bane & Cap* Samuel Jordan being present as Inter- 
preters and under oath. 

The Committee produced the several following Deeds or 
Claims of the English to Lands in the Eastern parts of the 
province from the Indian Sachems & Sagamores, Viz 1 — 

(1.) Madockawando Sagamore of penobscot Deed to S r 
William Phipps Knight deceased dated May 9, 1694 Land 
both sides of S l Georges River bounded Eastward by West- 
souwestkeeg, and westward of the west of Hatches Cove 
Island. 

(2.) Madockawando, Sagamore of penobscot and Egeree- 
mett Sagamore of Kennebeck their Deed to Cap 1 Sylvanus 
Davis May 10, 1694. Land East wd of Muscongus, from Mada- 
mock p l up River to Fresh Falls called Magesewanusock, & 
two Miles above & two miles each side of River 

(3.) John Cotter & Wittewawus Deed to Syl. Davis 
June 14, 1654 500 ac. at Oyster Riv. in Damaras Cotte 
River confirmed by Wittenoweete, Sag. — Geoffrey Sag. Feb. 
8, 1665. 

(4.) Agamogus als Moxes Chief Sag. of pemaquid (et 
als) Deed to Ric d Patishall Aug. 3, 1665. — Land in Long 
Reach in Kennebec Riv. & Winnegansett Riv. & Six miles 
back — 

(5.) Robbin Hood alias Rogemocken, Terunquen, 
Scoweez Abunhaman, Weesomanasco, — Sags. Deed to Alex r 
Thwayts May 29, 1660. — Land in Kennebeck Riv. to run 
down by River to Winnegansett Riv. & into land 3 miles. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE l'".~. 

((').) Agamogus ills Moxes x x Serumben, Wenongonett, 
& Wigerermett— deed to R rt Patishall Aug 3, 1685— Land 
fronting on Kennebeck Riv. over ag. Cheese Is. alais puddle- 
stone Is. k Wind Mill Is 6: Small Rock Isls. — 

(7.) Agamogus, Derumkins, Absalom alias Closes We- 
aunguishett. — Deed to R cd PatishaU Aug 3, 1685 for an Is- 
land called Seguin. 

(8.) Agamogus & Egereeniett, Deed to R a Patishall Aug 
3, 1685 for Daman's Cove Island. 

(9.) Cap 1 John Sommersett, Sag. Essigate, Sag. Dick 
Swash, Sag. Deed to R cd Pierce of Reniobsons alias Mescon- 
gus Jan'y 9, 1641 — parcels of land at Round Pond falls 
named Reinobsenst, — back to pemmaquid Riv with Islands & 
Isletts, — containing 12 miles square. 

(10.) Necodehannt, Quesomemeck, Obyhas als Daniel 
Dickswash »v Diogenes Sag 8 of Sheepseot Riv. Deed to Geo. 
Davis Dec 20, 1663. Land with an Island between Sheep- 
.scott Narrows A: Mounts Sweague Bay, Conf d by Robinhood 
1668 

(11.) Chogoandoe of Aghastorangen, Sag. Deed to Tho s 
Lake of Boston «i- M r Spencer of Charlestown, — Land near 
Agnastorangen adj Kennebeck Riv N. W. & S W, to the 
Southermost Is. of Xegomkv Six ins. from Tenconick ffalls 
15 ms along from Riv. Kennebeck into Main band S E. 

(12.) Wassamack, Sag. Deed to Thos Lake Ar Roger 
Spencer June 25, 1653, Land at Tenconick. 

(13.) Agebedossett & Kennebas, Sags, of Kennebeck Riv. 
Deed to Chris' Lawson, Roger Spencer & Thos bake May 1, 
1653, Land on both sides Kennebeck Riv. from lower end of 
Nequamkett up Riv. 1 ins. above Tenconick — and ten miles 
into the woods. 

(14.) Agebedosset \r Kennebis, Sags «vc — Deed to Chr 
Lawson Oct. 10, 1640, Land at Neaumke on Kennebeck 
River — 



206 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

(15.) Robbin Hood of Nequassegg Deed to John 
Richards Apr. 20, 1649 — An Island in Kemiebeck Riv. — 

(16.) Derumkin Sag. on W. side of Kemiebeck Riv. and 
Absalom his Son als. Weenuinguishett, Egerumett, old Tas- 
sack — Deed to Lawrence Dennis claimed by Col. John 
Turner for Tract of Land W. side of Kemiebeck Riv. by 
Winnegance Riv. Southerly up river 6 ins. 

(17.) Agomogus als Moxes, Egeremett, Essomewano als. 
Wiggeremett, Sags, of Pemaquid — Deed to Lawrence Dennis 
Aug 3, 1665, Land on Quesnick Neck from Winslows Rocks 
over ag. 1ST. end of Arowseek Is. 

(18.) Egeremett of Penobscott, Deed to Walter Gendle 
June 6, 1685, i/o of Great Chebeagne in Casco Bay. 

(19.) Robin Hood Deed to Edward Tyng Esqr s heirs 
May 16, 1683, for Johns Island. 

(20.) Robin Hood & his Son Deed to W m Dyre March 
29, 1664 Lands at Nassoemeek as high as Head of the River 
on E. side of Nassoemeek including Snake Island and the 
neck to the Bass ffalls. 

(21.) Derumkin «fe Abonhammon, — Sag. — Deed to Tho s 
Stephens of Kemiebeck Riv. Land near that Riv. called 
Aguahadoiigoneek from Grape Island to Wigwam Bay &c — 
& whole neck to Merry Meeting, Dec. 9, 1654 

(22.) Issigate, Indian and Wombus, Indian, & Mincoate 
Son to Issigate Deed to John Dallen of Monhegan — two of 
the Western Islands of S* Georges, June 20, 1661 (16810 
assigned to John Foster & W m Hobby 29 Feb. 1699.— 

(23.) Robin Hood & Derumkin — Sags — Deed to Tho s 
Stephens, Land near River Abbascoggin, at place called 
Seogogguanegabo one mile square. 

(24.) Robin Hood, Sag. of Sagadahock & Kemiebeck — 
Deed to John Parker Sen r of Sagadahock — Is d Sagossett als 
Chegony on Eastern Side of Sagadahock. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE l''>7 

(25.) Robin Hood Sag. Deed to John Parker — Is d called 
Raskhegon, in Sagadock Riv. to the Eastward, Jan. 27. L650. 

(26.) Robin Hood Sag. — Deed to Henry Curtis Land, 
West Side of X. \V. passage unto the gntt of the Back River 
and Isletts Marshes— Jan 20, 1666. 

(27.) Saggetawen & Robbin Hood Deed — Nicholas Cole 
& John Purrington — Nov. 2'i, 1672, Land between two 
Carrying places at Merry Coneeg head of Wigwam Cove so 
up the Neck. 

(28.) Agadoagmagor & Sknumbee l»>th of Agnastoran- 
gen, — Sags. — Deed to Tho s Lake & Roger Spencer — Land 
near Agnastorangen adj. Kennebeck Riv. N wd k S wd of 
Negomky Is. six miles from Tenconick Falls k fifteen into 
Main Land. 

(29.) M r Wharton's Deed from the Six Sagamores, 1684. 

The Committee by the Interpreters acquainted the In- 
dians that the aforementioned Deeds contained the English 
Titles to the Lands in the Eastern parts of the province the 
most of which were particularly opened and shewn, and the 
rest offered to be Shewn them, and that by the order of the 
General Court they were appointed being disinterested per- 
sons to produce the same at the Ratification of the peace in 
order to make out the English Titles to the Said Lands. 
Then the order of Court for Erecting the Committee was 
read and Interpreted to them. The Committee was more 
particular in Shewing the Deeds of Lands to the Eastward 
of Sagadock River, and the Deeds for those two Tracts of 
Land whereon the Block House at S l Georges River and the 
Fort at Richmond are Erected was in a more especial Man- 
ner Shewn to them And then the Committee proceeded in 
Shewing them the other Deeds for Lands in Kennebeck 
River 

To which the Indians replyed Thai they had been shewn 
Deeds & papers enough to last them to the fall of the year. 



208 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and that they did not desire to see any more, and they 

supposed when they should meet the Lien 1 Gov 1 " again that 

matters would be adjusted. That as to the Deeds for the 

Lands on Kennebeck Iliver, it was more proper they should 

be shewn to the Kennebeck Indians, That they were upon the 

Articles of peace, and were ready to Enter upon them. 

By Order of the Com tee 
Fa 1 ni° in Casco Bay 

August y e 4 th 1726— 



Indian s Letter. 
Sir 

Having hear'd the Acts read which you have given me I 
have found the Articles entirely deffering from what we have 
said in presence of one another, 'tis therefore to disown them 
that I write this letter unto yon 

1 st That I have been to make my submission in my name 
or in the name of my nation to you & to King George your 
king. 

2. That I have begunn to speak first 

3. That I have acknowledged your king for my king & 
that I have own'd that my Ancestors have Acknowledged 
Him for such & have declar'd themselves subjects to the 
Crown of England 

4. That I have acknowledged that it is, we who have 
first gone against the preceeding Treaties of Peace and have 
first openly broken them in committing Acts of Hostility on 
the Subjects of the Crown of England in these Provinces 

5 That I have agreed that if any of our Nation was un- 
willing to submitt to the present Treaty we should Joyn our 
Forces to yours to reduce them by Force to Reason. 

6. That I have desird to be settled again in the Grace & 
Favour of King George 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 209 

And many other Articles whereof I make no mention here 
Here is rather what I said to you I come here att your In- 
vitation to Inform you of the disposition my nation is att 
present in to witt, that they accept of the cessation of Arms 
which you have otfer'd them. 

As for what relates to your King, when you have ask'd mo 
if I acknowledge Him for King I answer'd yes butt att the 
same time have made you take notice that I did not under- 
stand to acknowledge Him for my king' butt only that I own'd 
that He was king in His kingdom as the king of France is 
king in His. 

As for those of my Nation who would be willing to disturb 
the present Treaty of Peace when it has been accepted by 
the Major Part of the nation I told you we would do on our 
side all we could to bring them back butt I have given you 
notice att the same time that I did not understand that we 
should strike on them, or that we should joyn our forces to 
yours to inarch against them 

The disagreement I find between your writtings & what I 
spoke to you viva voce stopps me & makes me suspend my 
negotiation till I have receiv'd your answer. 

I thought to have spoken Justly and according to the In- 
terests of my Nation butt I have had the confusion to see that 
11 iv words have been taken in a quite contrary sense. 

We have determin'd the Place for the conference to be 
Pemmaqouis and the time the beginning of June 

When you answer I desire you would do it in French that 
it may be understood by many and that the Interpreter may 
not be tax'd with Interpreting in an other sense. 

Laurent Sagouarrat 
Written by the English 

Loron Sagouarrab 

16 



210 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I Certifie that I have writt this Letter word for word as 
Sagouarrab himself has dictated it to me himself and that I 
have Interpreted to the Indians the Acts in writing brought 
from Boston by the said Sagouarrab without adding or di- 
minishing thereto and withal the truth and disinterestm' in 

my power 

Etieme Lauverjat 

of the Company of Jesus 

Att the Sea of Pemaouanpske 28 Jan r 1726 



Memorial of Thomas Sanders and Joseph Heath. 

They were summoned in August last, 1726, to Falmouth 
to give evidence of the sale, or gift — of Ruin to some of the 
Indians who came to ratify the Treaty, — by one Richard 
Jaquis. On examination Jaquis was bound over for trial; 
— Sanders and Heath were required to recognize to appear 
as witnesses; they objected because of their duties in the 
public service, which might prevent attendance, or oppose the 
interests of the government; their objections were overruled. 
When the trial came on, they could not appear as they had 
feared ; their recognizances were declared forfeited, writs 
were issued against them on that account. They present 
their case to the General Court, and claim and entreat dis- 
charge. 

Their memorial dated Dec. 12. — 

In Council it was ordered that the trial of Jaquis be re- 
moved to Suffolk county ; — all proceeding's be stopped against 
Sanders and Heath, — as also against Stephen Minot who was 
in the same case, — yet it was ordered that they be bound over 
to appear as witnesses at Boston. Dec. 26, 28. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 211 

Proposal in favor Capi. J. Gyles. 

In Council, Dec. 23, 1726. 
Proposed in view of Capt. J. Gyles good services for many 
years and his present usefulness by his great knowledge of 
Indian affairs & customs, that increase of pay be made. 



Capt. Gyles to flic Governor. 

Will forward the message to the Indians who are now 
away on their Spring hunting. Will communicate with them 
according to my best skill : returns thanks for favor of the 
Governor and Council ; — then continues : — 

I have endeavoured to lay a sceam w th chiefs of each Tribe 
not knowing of each other In order to prove them and 
Promising Reward from time to time for their Services and 
my word not to Expose them, that I may have an account 
forthwith of any Councell or affair of moment Round y e con- 
tinant from Canedy to Cape Sables that I may Express y° 
same to y r Honours &c. 

I have nothing further of my last information but my In- 
former says tis true & it will be cept Privat among y 6 Indians 
to such times y e messengers Return from * * 
The Indians ar generly to their Spring hunting which con- 
tinues to y" lie- inning of May & then they count the Season 
to be over They seem to be very friendly and I hope to live 
in Love & Unity w th all men while I exhibit no complaint 
against any and hope shall no occasion of 

I am your honours most Duty full Servant 

John Civics 
S l Georges River, Mar. 15, 172G/7. 

T pray your honours Leve to come to Boston to make up 
niv Roll at my Lesiour. 



212 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report of Committee to Consider Gorr's Speech relating to 
Instructions of E. Indians. 

In obedience to the within Order the Committee having 
seriously considered the same Humbly offer it as their 
Opinion That the Great and good design of Instructing the 
Indians in Religion and good manners may be very much 
promoted by sending down to the Truck houses at Richmond 
and Georges River to be employed as Chaplains there two 
prudent and Discreet Persons of good Learning Exemplary 
and very circumspect lives and conversation and well disposed 
and spirited to that good work where they may have frequent 
opportunities of conversing with those Indians by which 
means together with the assistance of the Interpreters there 
they may by Degrees obtain the knowledge of the Language 
as well as the Person of those Tribes, be the better prepared 
to accompany those Indians sometimes into the Woods and 
at length may be encouraged to goe with them to their settle- 
ments or head Quarters, and there spend their time in a 
more close and diligent Application to Instruct both the 
Children and grown Persons in the great articles of our Holy 
Religion, and that proper and very good encouragement be 
given to Engage them in so great and difficult an undertaking. 

Boston June 3 : 

In Council 7 th adopted & sent down — 

The Committee thus reporting was chosen June 1 to con- 
sider Gov's speech relating to instruction of E. Indians, & 
project some proper method to effect the same. 

Tivo Resolves in re Indians. 

In the House of Representatives June 17 th 1727. 

Resolved That Mr. Treasurer Allen be and hereby is di- 
rected to send a suitable supply of Provisions for the Present 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 213 

Subsistence of the Indians now assembled at Kennebecfc 
River near Richmond Fort in a sum not Exceeding Three 
Hundred pounds and that the Treasurer make what Dispatch 
may be in sending the same to Cap 1 Joseph Heath at Rich- 
mond Fort who is hereby iinpowered to distribute the same 
according to his best Discretion either by selling or giving it 
as occasion may be and agreeable to his Honour the L 1 Gov rs 

order. 

Passed and approved June r.» ,h 

In the House of Representatives Oct. 14, 1727. 

Resolved That Mr. Treasurer Allen be and hereby is di- 
rected to purchase a Quantity of Goods suitable for the 
supply of the Indians in a Sum not Exceeding one Hundred 
pounds and send them to Capt. Samuel Jordan to be delivered 
at his house at Biddeford and by the said Jordan to be sold 
to the Indians that will purchase the same and that Mr. 
Treasurer be directed further to order Mr. Jordan that he 
conform to the same Rules and Methods in selling the said 
goods and receiving the Value thereof as the Truck Masters 
appointed for managing the Indian Trade are obliged to Con- 
form to. Passed & Appr d 



Memorial of a Conference at St. Georges River. 

A Memorial to the Honoured W" Dummar Esq r &c of a 
Confurance held at S l Georges River by Gyles & Chiefs of 
Panobcul A' auther tribes & Jesuitt. 

Wenogener & Chief, We ar Com according to your Re- 
quest to hear Gov 1 " Dummars Letters. 

Gyles. When you Pleas I will Reed them to you 

Loron We ar now redy to hear them. 



214 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Gyles You have now heard y e Gov rs Lettars Do you duly 
understand them 

Loron Yes Very well & shall Desier a Place to Set in in 
Council to Consult &c 

Gyles You shall he a comidated, Will you furst take a 
Dram a buskit & a Pipe & tobaco furst. 

Loron. Yes. Gyles, how mani ar you in number 
about fivety : Gyles it is well. 

Loron. We must a quaint you that we have had Sum 
Disputs w th y e Jesuitt & furran tribes Concerning the Inter- 
pretation of y e articols Drawn at boston who ar hear now 
Present, the Jesuitt & Sum Princes etc. Indians of ye S l 
Johns tribe, & of the Ercegontecook and we have brought the 
articols, & Desiar you to Enterprete them, in all their 
hearing. 

Gyles I concent to it freely. 

Jesuitt. I propose to Rite Down your Interpretation in 
Indian 

Gyles I think it altogether Improper for any Jesuitt to 
Pen Down my Enterprjetation, & I must aquaint you Mr. 
Jesuitt & you Mr Casteen if you ar Com as Privat Gen'men 
to Give me a Vicett you ar Welcom, & shall be treated Sinely, 
but if as Spies & to take advantig of my Interpretetion & In- 
sult me, I shall Resent it, &c And I must further a quaint 
you Chief Indians, & you Mr. Jesuitt it is not Custemary 
w th Us for Ministers to set in Council, only ar Sent for be- 
fore & after Council to pray & move of. — 

Jesuitt If I am unwelcome, II move out, but I am not 
com to Insult but to hear. 

Gyles You ar welcom to hear if by request of the Indians 

Loron We Desiard him to com w th us & hear thier being 
many Disputs Concerning yt Articols : & now we Desiar you 
to Interpret them to us 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 215 

Gyles I concent to Do it and as I was Under Oath when 
S d Articols furst Interpreted I racken my Self the Same now, 
but I will not have any Jesuitt to Pen Down my words — 

Jesnitt I'l Put by my Pen <.V Ink. 

Gyles Soldiar tel Cap*" Smith I Desiar him to walk in, 

Cap tn Smith. Your will w ,h me. 

Gyles The Chief Indians Desiar me to Enterpret the 
Articols to them in the hearing of y e Jesuitt & those furen 
tribes but y e Jesuitt proposd to Pen my Enterpretation which 
I think not proper. 

Cap 1 Smith I think it altogether Improper to Pen Down 
your Words 

Gyles then S r be ples d to take hould of ye Partchment w Ul 
me for I am not so well aquainted w th this hand, I say now 
to you Spectators if you will give atention I will according to 
your Request Enter 1 to you these articols to the best of my 
Skill. 

Indians Oh: Oh: Oh: 

Gyles You have now heard y e Articols Red, Do ye thoroly 
Under Stand them. 

Loron Yes but you Do not Reed them, as y e Jesuitt Red 
em to us who is hear now Present, but we believe them to be 
as you Reed them, but we find by your Reeding the Indians 
at furst mentiond in all Ingagenients which we Expectd y'' 
English to be furst mentiond, for they wear y" fursl movers 
to Peace 

Gyles I cant say as to that, but ye word is blessed be the 
Peacemakers. 

Loron it is a nough Let Us go to a Councill. 

Jesuitt My Cheldren go to your Councill. 

Loron We ar holding a Grat Council & want a Little 
Refreshment. 



21G DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Gyles You know I Sel not any nor Dont Give Except a 
Dram when ReC in ye Gov rs Letter or Sum Extrordenary oc- 
casion, II spake to Cap 1 Smith if he have any. 

Cap tn Smith I have not above 2 or 3 quarts Left 

Loron Let us have that 

Jesuitt A quart is a nough. 

Loron We have all most Don Council for to night and 
Desiar what Left of y 1 Rum 

Capt Smith I Dont know what to say in this Matter & 
I have not a bove a quart or 3 Pints Left. 

Gyles My opinion is to Let them have it for they ar 
about 50 or 60 in number it cant Do them any harm & they 
will not be asy w th out it 

Loron We have Don Councell for to night, & have Con- 
cluded to Send 2 or 3 Indians to Casten w th you but Shall Set 
a Gain to morrow & Desiar to Give Us Sum Provision to 
make a fest for we hav nothing to Eat 

Gyles I am at a Stand for Charges Provison, I hope you 
consider y e Sloop has been weighting hear 20 Days, however 
how much will Do 1 bb of Peas & 8 Pieces Porke; & 1 Ga 1 
Molas, & one Ga 1 Rum. 

Wenogenet (a side) I desiar you to say for me to Gen r 
Dummer that I cant Cleer him now for ye Death of my 
Daughter & anther Reasons, but shall send a frind of mine 
and will Pay my Respext to him my Self when opartunity, 
& Shall not be wanting beer in affears to frindship &c. 

June 24 Pameway ye messenger from taconick Sais I 
have got my Errand from ye Chiefs of Penobcut, & am Re- 
turning w th all sped to our Chiefs y 1 ar waiting at Taconick, 
In order to meet you at Ritchmond, and then you will hear 
their say 

Gyles Give my Respext to your Chiefs, & I shall be 
Plesd to see them at Ritchmond, but should be much more 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 217 

Plesd to have their Company to boston, to Ratine the Peace, 
which T sxpect they take Into coiisiderration and not Omit 
such affiar of So Great a weight which when well accom- 
plisht in my opinion will be to y e Great benifitt to us all, 
which I heartily hope. 
Salute your Chiefs &c. — 

1727 

June 24 Loron We ar now Com to aquaint von that we 
have ffinnisht our Meeting & have Concluded to send three of 
our tribe w th you to boston, namely Erexces Cap tn Lues & 
Egerimmit We Desiar that Cap tn Smith may know of our 
mens going as he is also Goin up, We Do not rite a Letter 
now for our Messengars Gary our Erand in their brest We 
Desiar your Particuler Cear of our Messengars & after your 
aRivel to boston, that you will Labour w th Gov 1 * Dn miner for 
their quick Return on ther ways ; hear will be Enconragmett, 
not as to our Pasts but y e furrun tribes, — 

Gyles I shall take ye best cear I can of our brethren & 
Endever for their quick Return 

Loron We Salute Gov r Dummer & all ye Gret Council 
We have saide 

Gyles I wish you all well, Let Us take one Dram 

P John Gyles Enterpreter 



Conference with /in /inns, Boston. 

At a Conference with the Indian Delegates, Decemb r 
th 1727. 

Lieut Gov 1 " You are come hither upon a very Important 
Occasion which I would have you Seriously to Consider; T 
have a Letter from Wenungonet the Sachem of Penobscot 
and from Moxus and Winurna and Roguscawon of Naridg- 



218 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

walk acquainting me that they have fully impowered you, on 
the behalf of themselves and the other Indians who entered 
into the Peace, to Concert and agree upon Measures for Ob- 
taining Satisfaction and Reparation of the Injuries done us 
by the Cape Sable Indians ; What those Injuries are you 
have been fully Apprized of before you came hither, how- 
ever I will in brief rehearse them to you. They have taken a 
Vessell of great Value about Two Thousand pounds and Car- 
ried her into Cape Briton and sold her there: They have 
Treacherously invited the Crew of an other Vessell ashoar 
being five men under a pretence of Peace and Friendship 
who carrying honest hearts with them went a Shoar without 
arms and as soon as the Indians had drawn the:n to a con- 
venient Distance they with other Indians who were laid in 
Ambush, rose up <fe Surrounded those Five men, then fired 
upon and killed two of them out right and wounded the other 
three two of which are never likely to recover of their 
wounds. They are now in the Town and you may see them 
at your Leisure. There were two more then invited a Shoar 
from an other Vessell under the Same Shew of ffr'endship 
whom the Indians carried into the woods and soon after two 
guns were heard to be fired when it was Supposed they were 
Killed for they have never been heard of Since. All these 
facts are most certain and most of them done under a white 
fflagg Shewed by the Indians, which is a Signal of Confi- 
dence and Safety among all nations, — Besides which we have 
Reports from Cape Briton and other places of more Vessells 
taken as well as men killed Capt. Gyles brings me one of 
those Accounts from a S l Johns Indian who brought a Mes- 
sage thereof to him. 

I shall not now repeat to you the many other Violences and 
Murders comitted on us Since the making of the Peace of 
which Complaint has been made to you heretofore Because 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 219 

I Dont Love to open old Wounds but observe that by these 
things It must be evident to you how greatly we have Suf- 
fered for the Sake of our Sincere Love and hearty attach- 
ment to the Peace and at the same time I must take notice 
to you That notwithstanding all these provocations you are 
not able to mention one Single Instance wherein we have 
made the least breach of our ffaith to the Indians. — 

Indians — It is very true We are not able to Instance in 
any one thing When We heard of what was done against the 
English We were surprised and resented it as if it were done 
against our own persons. We held a Council and thought it 
proper to send to Boston Some of our people objected that it 
was now the hunting Season and that it would be a Loss to 
them to goe whereupon I rose up and told them it was a great 
affair and that I would leave my hunting and go to Boston 
My Self. 

There was a Cape Sables Indian at Falmouth and they 
Sent a Belt by him to that Tribe to Signify that they were 
invited and included in the Peace. And they have sent now 
a Message by two men to them one from Kenebeck and the 
other from Naridgwalk to know if the first Message and Belt 
had Miscarried but it being Winter time it may be we shall 
have no Answer till Spring. 

Their Message is now to Inform of the Breach made and 
to tell they must offend no more and that they should make 
full satisfaction, and if they dont hearken now they will Send 
again: And if they dont give a good answer or a cross 
answer they have Said to them they shall have their Bellys 
full of War, for it is Peace all round. — 

We have sent also to the westward Tribes and all that 
made Peace to make Discovery least some of them should 
be deluded and Told them the same as the Cape Sables 
Indians. 



220 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

They Remember that bis Honour said at Falmouth accord- 
ing to the Articles should mention Grievance of Either side. 
Now he says he has Taken particular notice of Some things, 
and would deliver now his mind being better than to do it by 
a younger messenger. As to Trade at first opening it was 
well but now theres Alterations Calls the young man Johns 
son to hear it and says the man that is Trading now (Capt 
Smith) they dont like so well and desire he may be Removed 
but the young man they had first (Mumford) they like well. 
Tis three shilling now apound Beaver and they have brought 
some not allowed by the Trader to be passable to show to the 
Governor. — 

What you wrote should be the price your Honour said 
Should be, the fall price should be 3/ which they Question 
whether your Honour Ordered — 

As to the price of Feathers they never did understand it, 
they were weighed & so : but they were always at a loss how 
they were paid as to price for them. — 

They say they cant Tell the price of mink skins and dont 
tell the price they are received at. — An Otter a Sable Wood- 
chucks they sell them as Nothing mostly they take a few and 
make nothing of the rest. A Bear Skin Also is Counted 
nothing with the Traders and sold for nothing hardly as a 
shilling or two or so. 'Tis now grown so bad that it's even 
worth nothing at all, or they had as good have none, and de- 
sire your Honour to consider it. 

This is my Petition referring to that matter and for the 
young man afore mentioned to be Trader as to the Truck the 
young men particularly were pleased with the distributor at 
first and desired him to Insist upon it with your Honour. 

L* Gov r To which the Lieutenant Governour Replyed 
That these persons were very acceptable to him and the Coun- 
cil and their Message so far as they had delivered and as to 
what they mention respecting the Trade and the Truck Mas- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 221 

ter it shall be considered and an Answer given at the next 
meeting. 

Narridgwalk Delegate Says he lives at Arro\vsick with his 
Family and has a plantation there. The English are loving 
and kind and Moxus directed him to pay his respects to y e 
Governour and Council here. He himself has lately come 
hither from Canada with his Family and glad of the Op- 
portunity to come and pay his own respects on this Occasion. 

It was answered by the Lieut. Governour that he took very 
kindly the Complement lie brought from Moxus and was very 
glad he and his Family were so well treated by the English. 

Attest -J Willard Secry 

House of Representatives Dec 12 th 1727 Read. 

On Tuesday the 12" 1 of December Instant two of the In- 
dians, Viz. Franswaxavier & Caesar brought two Beaver 
Skins into the Council Chamber & declared that the Same 
had been offered to Capt Smith at Georges where he refused 
to give more than three shillings & nine pence p pound and 
therefore they had brought them hither to shew them to the 
Lt Governour — Capt. Smith being thereupon Questioned 
answered that he did not know that he had seen those Skins 
before, but that he had been wont to give three Shillings & 
nine pence p pound for such: for he made but two prices, 
the one was for Spring Beaver, the other for fall & Stage & 
for each of the latter sorts he gave three shillings and nine 
pence p pound & added that he Gave three sliills & !>'' d>v 
some Stagd Beaver that was not worth more than twelve 
pence p pound: and therefore it was equal t<> (live but 3 s /9 d 
for fall Beaver altho some of it would fetch five shill 8 M r 
Treasurer read his orders to Capt Smith of April 28 th where 
in he directed him to give Seven shill 8 & Six pence for Spring 
Beaver & proportionably for fall & Stagd .Mr. Blush was 
desired to View the two Beaver Skins A: give his opinion 



222 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

thereon which being done he said that they were fall Beaver, 
& none of the meanest of that sort, & he Judgeth them worth 
Six or Seven shillings p pound 

On the 14 th Day of December Curr* all four Indians came 
into the Council Chamber & declared to the L f Govr & Coun- 
cil that they had shewn the s d two Beaver Skins to Some 
Hatters in Boston with a considerable number more of .ski us 
who offered them five shillings p pound for the same being 
the skins which were offered to Capt Smith the Truckmaster 
at Georges in November last but he refused to give more than 
three shillings nine pence p pound for 'em alledging they 
were Stagd Beaver And upon their (i. e. the Indians) arrival 
at Boston they were complaining to the Hatters that the 
Truckmaster did not allow them enough for their Beaver ; 
but the Hatters answered them that they had no cause to 
complain for it appeared by the Truckmasters Invoice of the 
Beaver, that the Province were charged seven shillings & Six 
pence p pound for y* Beaver for some hundred pounds weight 
which was the price of Spring Beaver. To which the In- 
dians replied it was a Mistake for they had lately sold little 
or no Spring Beaver to Capt. Smith ; And they sent the s d 
Franswaxavier to M r Wheelwrights Warehouse to sea the 
Skins, w ch Capt Smith had put there & the s d Franswaxavier 
who found Sundry Skins in the packs which he said he knew 
by the Marks. And Mr. Wheelwright having produced a 
pack of Skins in the Council Chamber, the s d Franswaxavier 
picked out several Skins which he affirmed were some of the 
skins sold Capt. Smith for three shill s & nine pence p pound 
not being able to get more for 'em — 

And the Indian Delegate from Norridgwalk Declard that 
he lately saw several Penobscot Indians at Richmond Fort 
lately who Complained to the Truckmaster there that they 
could get no more than 3/9 d p pound for their Beaver at 
Georges altho they were told they should have a good price 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 223 

for their Beaver there; And that the Indians Sold the same 
Beaver at Richmond for five shillings p pound. 

Whereupon Mr Treasurers orders to Capt Smith were pro- 
duced from which it appeared that on January •{<»"' he was 
directed to give nine shill 8 for the best Beaver & four shills 
& six pence for Stage; and by his orders of March 7"' he was 
directed not to give more than seven shillings for that called 
fall Beaver & by his orders of April 2<V h he was directed to 
give Seven shills & six pence for Spring Beaver tS: propor- 
tionally for fall & Stage. Upon which ('apt. Smith was 
told that he did injure those who brought him fall Beaver 
by allowing them but three shill 8 & nine pence p pound for 
their Beaver when it was worth at least five shillings, altho 
others were Gainers by being allowed the same price for 
Stage Beaver that was not worth so much; he answered that 
the Treasurer had left the prices of fall & Stage Beaver to 
his discretion & he did as well as he could to prevent loss to 
the Government Mr. Wheelwright Informed that the Pack 
of Beaver which he brought into the. Council Chamber was 
in the Invoice Charged at Seven Shills & six pence p pound, 
out of which Franswaxaviar drew divers skins which he said 
he knew by the marks on them & particularly three skins 
which did belong to a S l Johns Indian who being a Stranger 
put them into his hands & that he sold them to ('apt Smith 
who allowed him but three shills & nine pence p pound as 
for stage Heaver. Capt. Smith said lie knew nothing of it 
& turning to his Book found an ace' of two pounds & Eighl 
ounces of Beaver bought of ffranswaxavier in November 
which lie apprehended could not agree with the weight of 
those three skins. Mr. Greenleaf being desired to View said 
Pack of Beaver did sever the fall from the others & found 
that more than halt of them were fall & worth from ;, 6 d to 
Six Shills p pound: the rest were chiefly winter & some 
Spring Beaver & three skins little better than Stage, but 



224 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

neither of the three skins were those that Franswaxavier 
drew The Indians said that those of S l Johns who came 
thither to Trade told them they heard they had an advan- 
tageous Trade at Georges but upon Tryal they found it other- 
wise 

In Council December 14th — 1727 
At a further Conference had with the four Indians L* Gov 1 " 
Directed Capt Giles y e Interpreter to tell y e Indians he was 
glad to see 'em, & to ask 'em how they did Espeguid answ d 
he had got a great Cold & so could not speak so loud as he 
should otherwise 

L* Gov 1 " I am ready to hear what you have to offer 
further. 

Indians. Since we were here last, we have showed the two 
Beaver Skins which your Honour saw then to some hatters 
in Boston with a considerable number more of Skins, & they 
offered five shillings p pound for 'em being the same skins 
that were tendered to the Truck Master at Georges in No- 
vember last for which he would allow no more than three 
shill s & nine pence p pound Alledging they were Stage 
Beaver And since the Indians arrival at Boston they were 
saying to the hatters that the Truck Master did not allow 
them enough for their Beaver to which they were answered 
that they had no cause to complain for by Capt Smith the 
Trnckmasters Acc° it appears he had charged the province 
7/6 p pound which he gave them for their Beaver (w ch is 
the price of Spring Beaver) for some hundred pounds To 
which the Indians replied for that they (i. e. y e Indians) had 
lately sold little or no Spring Beaver to Capt Smith And 
thereupon one of the Indians namely Francois Xavier went 
to Mr. Wheelwrights Warehouse (where they understood the 
Beaver was w ch y e Indians sold to Capt Smith) and there 
found sundry skins in the packs which Francis Xavier said 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 225 

he knew 'em by the marks; and the s d Wheelwright having 
produced a pack of Skins in the Council Chamber the s d 
Francis Xavier picked out several skins which he affirmed 
wore some of y e Skins sold to Capt Smith for 3/9d p pound; 
not being able to get more for them And y e Indian Delegate 
from Norridgwalk saith that he saw several Penobscot In- 
dians at Richmond ffort lately who Complained to y e Truck- 
master there that they Could get but 3/9 d p pound for v" 
Beaver at Georges altho they had heard they might have a 
good price for it there and the Indians sold their same Beaver 
at Richmond for five shillings p pound — three of which skins 
in the pack were shown Mr. Greenleafe the hatter who says 
they were fall Beaver Worth between 5 & 6 d or 6 p pound. 
Attest Sam 11 Tyler Cler. Cone. 

Wednesday 20 th 

Expeguirt Complained that Capt Smith offered him no 
more for Beaver than 3/9 d p lb. which he afterwards sold to 
Capt Heath at Richmond for 6/- and that Mink Skins which 
Capt Smith allowed upon as not worth one penny he sold 
afterwards to Capt Heath for 4 d a piece. 

Saturday 23 th Capt Gyles sworn — the Indians were 
asked if they had any Vouchers They answered there was 
some of Beaver Skins A Pack of Beaver was brot in out of 
which Franceas Seavier Drew out Sev" which he declared 
Capt Smith would give no more then 3/9 d for The s d Skins 
were known to be Nostus's by the Mark Francs Xscavicr be- 
ing with Nostus when he sold the Same and assisted him in 
the sale. 

Espeguit said that skins - - - by & by speak as Witnesses 
they say to Capt Smith that yon give but 3/9 d p lb for the 
skins: Capt Smith answered: that he never gave so little as 
3/9 d fur such skins as were shewn unless some other skins 
not so good were exposed to sale with them 

16 



226 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Espeguit says just before be came away sold Capt Smitb 
a Large Skin & a small one of Beaver for which be bad but 
7/. He also said that be Inquired after the price of Goods, 
& Capt Smith Told him That a Blankit was 29/ Looking on 
Some red Blankiting moth Eaten Capt Smitb s d that was 27/ 
a Blankit. He went then to Richmond & Inquired. After- 
ward Capt Smith told him he was Mistaken about the price, 
that a Blankit was but 28/. 

Capt Gyles was asked whether (being imployed as an In- 
terpreter to the Indians in their Trade) He knew what Capt 
Smith gave for such Beaver as was shewn, he answered 3/ 
9/ hoped that Capt Smith would have shut up his mouth. 

Espeguwit said he was loth to speak, But he must say more 
than he had done before what he s d he speaks representing 
his Tribe, that he speaks the truth from his heart, that he has 
been sent on many Messages but never saw it as it has been at 
Georges the Truck House being often shut up for want of a 
Truckmaster particularly upon their return from the Treaty 
telling the People the Door would be open for a Trade having 
had Capt. Smiths word for it but found it still shut and con- 
tinued shut till the Fall of the year 

Capt Smith answered that whenever he was absent 
was by his Honors leave when he left the Truck House 
he left when there was to be Disposed of but the Key 
not being to be found the Indians could have nothing till 
after the Treaty was over and that the Indians wanted but 
very trifles in the mean time An Invoice of what was left 
to be disposed of was produced. 

Capt Gyles said the Indians were much offended as the 
Lieut told him) at the Doors being shut up and were ready 
to stave open the Door 

Espeguit s d that on the Treaty it was agreed that all 
grievances should be made known and be redressed, that he 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 227 

Desired that their young men had been wronged of might 
be considered. 

Mr. Downs being sent for was asked whether this Pack of 
Beaver was the same that was shown at Council Board He 
said that he believed not because the weight was Different 
about 5 lb. The Indians s d it was not the same. Capt Smith 
s d it was because he shewed a mark of a cross which he s d he 
made on them in the Council Chamber. Mr. Downs s d his 
young man told him that Capt Smith had been at his shop 
and marked two skins of this Pack with a Cross. 

Espeguitt s d he had Something further to offer, went on & 
s d that he Lodged some Feathers with Lieut Arnold who gave 
him a note which was to be paid by Capt Smith which he 
never paid because Capt Smith had p d it as he told him to 
another person. 

( 'apt Smith Answered, that the Lieut, had p d Espeguits 
part of the note and that his Sister had taken up in goods 
the rest as p Capt Smiths acct. 

Penogonet s d that it is very unlikely that all the Indians 
should be Liars for he had heard 'em all round from S* 
John's Complain that they never had the price at Georges as 
they had at Eichmond, they believe Capt Heath has ob- 
served the Governor's Orders Caesar Moxus s d that he has 
been an Eye Witness that the greater p l of Beaver sold by 
them to Capt Smith has fetched them but 3/9 d as their old 
man had Declared. 

They being asked what such Skins as were now shewn were 
called by them and what price they had at S l Georges for such 
they Answered that they called it Fall Beaver and rec d but 
3/9 d a lb. for such. 

Conference with the Indians, Jan. 3, 1727. 

Ind. We come once more to wait on y r Hon 1 " We have 
some particulars to mention of no great Moment That were 



228 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

forgot the last Time ( The Matter being relating to Cpt Gyles 
he moved that some body else might Interpret and Abra. 
Johnson was called up but could not perfectly understand 
the Indians, So Gyles went on). 

Capt Smith (we hear) has reported that Cpt Gyles has 
been backward to interpret in Matters that relate to the 
Trade, That he did not allow his men to assist in Bringing 
ashoar the goods, & that He carried on a private Trade with 
us himself, all which believe are falsely charged on him 
For we have found him alwaies ready to interpret when we 
came to trade (& we must know that Matter as well as any 
Body) And we have often seen his Soldiers bring the Goods 
from the Vessel to the Trading House. 

We desire that We may have two convenient Houses or 
Sheds built near the Garrison where We may shelter our 
selves & Families in bad Weather when we come to trade & 
not crowd in on the Garrison. 

And that there be allowed two or three men of the Gar- 
rison Soldiers to assist us at our own Cost in Building our 
Houses at our own Settlements For We understand they 
can not go off from the Garrison without y r Honors Leave. 
We have seen the Gentleman that is Chosen Truck Mast 1- & 
we are well pleased in the Appointm* of him Though he is 
not that Man we were desirous of But We hope He will do 
well. 

We are thankful that yo r Hon 1- has Order'd us Restitution 
for the Wrong that was done us in Trade, w ch is agreeable 
to y e Promise you made us at Casco. 

We look upon Capt. Gyles as a Captain of the Tribes in our 
Parts: We had formerly some advantage in Exchanging 
Presents with the Soldiers & other Small Things, such as 
Paddles Little Canooes Fowl &c for Bisket, Pieces of Pork, 
Pease, &c. And we desire their Hands may not be so 
strictly tied in that matter. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 229 

As We are now under y r Honours Roof as it were, We de- 
sire We may be dismissed as soon as y r IIon r please. 

L l Gov 1 " If there be a fair Wind I doubt not you will be 
under Sail the Beginning of next Week. 

Cpt. Gyles Interpreter 

Good Friends, 

I have considered the Several Matters you have offer'd in 
Behalf of your Tribes in your Conferences with me. 

And as to the Account you give me of the Message sent by 
the Penobscot Indians to those of Cape Sables to demand 
Justice & Reparation for the barbarous Actions they have 
committed on the English, And that in Case the Cape Sables 
Indians refuse to give this Satisfaction, The Penobscots are 
determined to join with us in Forcing them to do us Justice. 
This answer is Satisfactory for the present And I shall ex- 
pect the Indians will act agreeable to it as Occasion may 
require. 

As to your Complaint respecting the Trade of have fully 
Examined into the Matter, & find that the Truck Master for 
S l Georges has very much Mistaken his Orders. I nor the 
General Court do approve of his Conduct I have chosen and 
appointed a new Truck Master in his Room and ordered 
Restitution to be made for the Damage the Indians have 
sustained by his Mistakes to the value of £77 

Ami if hereafter there should be any mistakes made (as I 
hope there will be none) I desire you will alwaies inform me 
of such Mistakes, And I shall very readily recti i'y them as I 
have done now. 

As to what you mentioned in your last discourse of the 
Rumours which you s;iy are false concerning Cpt. Gyles 
being backward to interpret in the matter of Trade his deny- 
ing the assistance of the Soldiers to bring the Goods ashonr 
& his carrying a private Trade of his own I look upon them 



230 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

all as idle Stories not worth Minding and am well satisfied of 
Cpt. Gyles's Faithfulness & Prudence. 

In answer to what you mention of the Orders the Soldiers 
have not to trade with the Indians you must understand the 
only Design of them is to prevent the Indians being cheated 
& imposed on And there can be no Hindrance to their Ex- 
changing Bisket, Pork & Pease for fish, Fowl, & other Pro- 
visions you may bring for their Refreshm 1 or for Paddles & 
such Trifles for their own use. 

I have considered your desire that a Man or Two of the 
Garrison at S l Georges sh d be permitted to assist in Building 
your Houses, and I have given Leave to Capt Gyles to allow 
one or two of his Soldiers to assist you accordingly, you al- 
lowing y m a reasonable Satisfaction. 

I rec d a Letter from Wennaganet y r Sachem giving me an 
ace* of his Sending Messengers to the Cape Sables and West- 
ern Indians on such affairs as refer to the maintaining the 
Peace between us & he has desired that something may be 
allow'd for Supporting those Indian Families this Winter 
Agreeably to which I have ordered a Supply of Provisions 
for those Indians Families and their Services shall be con- 
sider'd when they return. 

Indians Our Hearts rejoice that y r Honour has taken so 
full a Notice of all the Particulars We have mentioned & so 
fully answer'd every thing and we Shall Return with Joy to 
our People and to y r satisfaction. We hope it will tend to a 
lasting peace and we humbly thank y r Return to the price 
agreed upon. 

Gov. I have awarded you to the Value of £77, which is in- 
vested in Goods & put aboard of Cpt. Saunders and will be 
delivered to you upon y r arrival at S l Georges to be by you 
distributed to yo r Tribe according to each Persons respective 
Part in the Trade. 






OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 231 

And the Government have likewise thought fit to order 
£35 more to be distributed by Cp l Gyles to the Penobscot In- 
dians according to his Discretion. 

And I have taken particular care & will from Time to time 
that the Prices of y r Furrs & other things as also of our goods 
to be exchanged for them be rightly stated. 

Jan 15, 1727[8]. 

Weneremet one of the Indian Messengers being dead was 
this day inter'd And after the Funeral the other three In- 
dians attended His Hon r the Lieut Gov r in Council who made 
them a Compliment of Condolence on this Occasion, and ac- 
quainted them that a Present of a Mourning Ring would be 
made to the Sachem of JSTorridgewock & also a Ring & some 
Cloathing & Provisions to the Widow of the Dec d Upon w ch 
the said Indians Expressed their Thanks to his Hon 1- for the 
great care that had been taken of him <k for his decent and 
respectful interment. — 



Letter from Indians to Gov r Dummer. 

St. Georges July 3, 1728. 
Governour Dummer. 

This is what I and my Chief men have to say at this pres- 
ent time. By reason of Capt gyles being gone from us: and 
the Interpreter that we have being a young man but we be- 
lieve he has done us a Justes 

Brother the man T sent to Cape Sables has returned and 
brought good news both for you and us — 

I have broughl the ('ape Sable Indians to Real peee which 
wa3 my intent and grate desier — And Brother I hope God 
will bless us in all our labour which tendes to the making 



232 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and keeping of pece — that so we may live in pece — and love 
one another — 

Brother I am a going to Cannaday and I shall tell all Can- 
naday men of the news Erixes brought from Cap Sables and 
Endever to make them be at peace by fair meanes If I can — 
this Is all I have to say at Preasent — 

Brother I with my Chief men give our Sarvies to you — 
this being delivered & in the name of Wenungennet by those 
men howes names are hire in under writen as Witness their 
Sevriel marks. 

Erixes X Pettenemenit X 

Cesar X Moxis Toma X 

genete X 
Edgeremonit X 

X — "their markB" 



Letter from Indians to Gov Burnett. 

St. Georges Nov r 2 d 1728. 
Great Gov 1- Burnett 

Wee must mention to you what we have heard from M r 
Casteen who came directly from Menis, in the Government 
of Annapolis Royal, who informs us 

That our Priest has been us'd very 111 by the Gouvernour 
of Annapolis in being stript of his Cloaths and alsoe has been 
prevented performing the Priestly Office due 

One request to you is To pray your favour in making en- 
quiry the reason of his soe doing, — whither he did it on his 
own Ace* — 

Att the Ratification Gov Dummer and our Tribes promist 
Each Other to mention all things that happen on Either side 
ffreely. And as to our Religion, Wee were not to Interrup't 
one the other in the Injoyment of itt. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 233 

This is all at Present wee are knowing off, and are dayly 
in Expectation of an Answer from you Great Governour to 
our last Letter — 

Wee heartily Salute you Loving ffriend — 

Wenongonett X 
Saugwaran alias Loron X 

Antewon X 
John Gyles Interpreter 



Disbursements for entertaining Indians. 

Memorandum. Sundry Disbursements for Entertaining 
the Indians at Richmond Fort on Divers Occasions from 
Dec. 22 d unto May 31, 1730 (being 18 months) Conformable 
to a Resolve of the Hon ble Court in that Respect. — 

Dec br 23 1728— To the Old Blind Squa of Abomazeen who 
lay about y e Fort Healpless beging y' y e 
Governour whould marcy on her for Christs 
Sake 15-10 

Feb. 1, 1729. To sundry Sachems who came to y e Fort upon 
hearing that Governour Burnett had sent them a 
letter— 1-10-0 

" 22. To the said Sachems who came to wright an an swer 
to y e Governours Letter aforesaid -18-9 

March 19. To Toxus and his Captains upon their coming 
to Inform me that they were Designed for Bos- 
ton to pay their Complements to the Gover- 
noui* — 1-6-2 



234 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

July 11. To the said Toxus & Companions in provision & 
Drink while the Country Sloop Lay wind bound 
at Arrowsick viz. three Dayes 2-9-3 

" 13 To the Widow of Soccarexes (some Time an 
Hostage at Castle "William & who led the English 
Army through y e Woods to penobscut) Viz. to y e 
s d Squa a Blanket at 20/- & to her Child in Pro- 
visions at Sundry Times 10/4— 1-10—4 

" To the Sachem Nemmaggeen and y e other Indians of 
S l Francois who came to express their friendship 
& send their Complements to y e Gover r -15-9 

August 30. To Wyworney & Sosep whome I had sent for to 
receive a message from the Governour who came 
and received ye same and 5 Days afterwards re- 
turned with an answer — -17-11 

Oct. 3 d . To Toxus & 30 more JSTeridgawalk men who came 
to be Informed wheither Gover er burnet was dead 
(as they had heard) & to know who succeeded 
him in the Government, 1-7-6 

Jan y 30, 1730. To Toxus, Jumawit, Sabadis, Wyworney & 
Sundry other Chief Indians representing y e 
Neridgewalk, Saco, Amoscogin and Shepscut In- 
dians To Inquire what they were to Expect from 
Colo 1 Dunbars proceedings at pemaquid and 
wheither His Honour y e Lieut Governour was 
Concerned in y* matter — 1-5-8 






Brought over 12-17-2 

March 10 th To the Indians who came to receive his Honour 
the Lieu* Governour Answer to y e afores d 
message — 14—1 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 235 

To John Hegou who lay by the Fort Healpless 
by reason of his arme being Broken in two 
places — -17-18 

20 To 4 Captains who came to Informe me of the 
Death of Toxns their Sachem 3/9- 

" At their barying y" 3aid Toxua 31/7- 1-15-4 
30 To Three Messengers from Penobscnt to ac- 
quaint that Wesnunganit the Sachem of ye Tribe 
was dead — 4-6 

Apr. 30. To ;m [ndian at Sundry Times During ye 18 
months aforesaid who secretly Informs me of the 
Counsels & Determinations of the French & In- 
dians from Time to Time 4—3-5 

June 30, 1730— Total— £20-12-2 

[Payment ordered, Sept. 19. 1 



Account of Thomas Smith. 

To sundry provisions & drink expended upon about thirty 
Indians who attended Anyoummowett Chief e of the Ar- 
reseguntagooks & the other Indian deligates sent for last year 
by Governour Burnet from Saco for Boston whilst they 
waited for Capt. Sanders arrival there to transport them to 
Boston &c. 

Items — 9 days board, other provisions put on board 
for the Voyage; rum from time to time, bread, tobac- 
co, pipes, — £23-19-6 

For Wooding the Garrison the p;ist year — - 2-14— 
Payment ordered Sept. 29, 1730. 



236 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Account of Mary Hill, June 29, 1731. 
Entertainment of Indians: 273 meals; liquor, money ad- 
vanced tli em attending one sick — total £51-13-0 
Abated on overcharge — 11-12-6 



Indian Conference at Boston. 

At a Conference in the Council Chamber in Boston — (June 
25, 1736,) between his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq 1 " 
Captain General and Governour in Chief in and over His 
Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land and Arexis and Espeguet Delegates of the Penobscot 
Tribe of Indians. — 

The whole General Court being present June 25 th 1736 
The Chiefs Salute the Governour and Express joy in Seeing 
him and the Gentlemen — 

Gov. My good Friends and Brethren of Penobscot I am 
glad to see you at Boston upon the Letter I received from 
you, Complaining of Sundry grievances. I ordered Capt 
Gyles to let you know I should be glad to See you at Boston 
and I suppose you are Impowered and come fully prepared 
from your Tribes to lay before me the Grievances mentioned 
in your Letter. And now you are here I expect you use 
all freedom of speech, that there may be no difficulty or 
hindrance with you on any Account, in delivering your 
Selves. And I am ready to hear you and you shall find all 
manner of Justice and a Strict Adherence to all the Articles 
of the peace. 

Arexis. As soon as we rec d your Excellency's Letter we 
had a Council at Our Village in order to appoint Delegates 
to represent Our Grievances to your Excellency pursuant to 
Our Letter, and we are glad we now have the Opportunity of 
Seeing your Excellency — As we are the Delegates of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 237 

Penobscott Tribe in their name we Salute your Excellency 
and the Council and all the Gentlemen present w ch is agree- 
able to our Orders from home. 

I am the Chief man from the Delegates and was appointed 
to speak to your Excll : but mv throat is sore, and speaking 

troublesome, and I desire Bemmorawaddee (Capt. Jobe) 

to deliver what we have to say. 

Capt. Jobe, Speaker. I propose now to mention 1. Our 
Grievances 1. One is the peoples Settling at S l Georges they 
Croud nearer to us tlian what was proposed by Us and Mr: 
Waldo at which we are Very uneasy and therefore thoughl 
it proper & necessary to Acquaint your Excellency thereof, 
Our respect to Love & peace is so great, that we are loath to 
break friendship tho we ourselves are broak in upon. We 
desire your Excellency as yon have the Helm in your hands 
and Steer the Ship, you would put a Stopp to any Settlements 
nearer than what was agreed on which will keep peace and 
Stop blood and Warr being brought into y e Law, What we 
Now offer we pray your Excys Consid 11 of. It is really, so 
we are Intruded upon. We shall say no more at present, 
We have Several other things to mention which we would not 
now Express, because we would avoid crouding in things one 
upon an other. — 

Gov 1 ' There is yet time for you now to go on, and deliver 
what you have to say further, yon have time and you will 
give dispatch to the business, now to mention all you have to 
say, you shall have time sett for answering to what may be 
said as to your Grievance, 

Speaker. We would say one thing more as to Trade — 
2 dIy The Trade at the Truck House we like well It is what 
was first agreed on, that it should be kept open and free for 
every one, but to put a stop to trade everywhere excepting a1 
the Truck House, will prevent our Women young men <V 
children from buying the least Triffle, will cause an uneasi- 



238 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ness to us, which will continue till the same Openness & 
freedom of Trade is restored to Us, as it was at first agreed 
on — 

Gov r I suppose you mean the New Law which was made 
t'other day. 

Ind : Speaker. Yes Sir. — 3. Another Grievance is, 
That the Truckmaster tells us our Beaver is not of full price 
notwithstanding it is taken in cold weather (out of Ice & 
Snow) and will allow us but the price of fall beaver, when 
other Traders allow us full price with the Spring Beaver and 
this is the price allowed by all Traders everywhere else, And 
we are allowed no more than fall Beaver price, till late in the 
Winter, or early in the Spring by the Truck Master. — 

These are the Articles of Our grievances and This is what 
we were Ordered to say from Our Plantation or Village — 

Gov r It is a great Trouble for you to come so farr, I 
would have you well Consider what you have to say, and now 
you are here I would have you speak fully and freely es- 
pecially as to the Settlem 1 at Georges, and let me know what 
Line of Settlement you have proposed and with whom — 

Indian Speaker I thought we had said that before — 
pause — We are easy the English should come to the floating- 
water at the falls, this we are Content with, but not so as 
to affect the Title of Land, for we can't be content with any 
Settlements further than the falls. We are willing the Saw 
mill should remain and the House with a good Family in it 
and also a House to take care of the Grist Mill when built, 
and that the ways from the Truck House there should be kept 
clear, for if that Settlement should be allowed it will draw 
on Warr and blood-shed. It was with great difficulty, that 
our Old men at several meetings in Council could at last pre- 
vail on the younger Sort, to agree to the Settlement of the 
English on the Main River as high as the falls. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 239 

Gov r With whom did you agree for the Settlement there 
you had no Order from me or agreem 1 for the Settlemenl 
what private Agreem' had von — 

Indian Speaker Mr. Waldo was down there. It was 
with him. We will mention the particulars, when we first 
.saw him in the Spring We desired to know of him how he 
came to see the Lands and what he Came for. He told us 
he purchased them of Medockawando and Came to settle 
them, We told him we did not know who he purchased Our 
I.; i mis off M r Waldo say d we did Know, and that it was 
Madockawando he purchased off, but that we did not Care to 
own it, we say'd we would not have him make Settlements 
on the Land, till the Capt Generall knew it & approved of 
it, I hat so peace might be Continued We had no Opportunity 
of Informing your Excellency else we should have wrote & 
acquainted you of this — 

Gov r Did not Mr Waldo Shew you a Deed — 

Ind 1 ' Speaker Mr. Waldo Say'd he had no regard to Eng- 
lish or Indians, he say'd he had purchased the Lands & would 
Settle them. — 

Gov r You don't give me an Answer, did not M 1 Waldo 
SI icw you a Deed — 

Ind: Speaker, He did not read any deed, hut Shewed us 
a paper with a Large Seal to it and Say'd that was his title. 

Gov r Who did Mr Waldo say sold him the Lands — 

r 1 1 d " Speaker. He shewed us a great many papers one he 
say'd came from England another he say'd was from Madock- 
awando when he told us of Miadockawando's heed we sayd 

we had made diligent sereli and inquiry and we could not 
find any Right or Title Madockawando ever had to the Land 
at St. Georges. 

Gov r Was Madockawando an Indian of S 1 Georges or 
Penobscott — 



240 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ind : Speaker Of neither, the nearest he was to ns was 
Meehias or S* Johns, We told M r Waldo, if Madockawando 
had any Right or Title, it must and w d have been known to 
Some of ns, and not kept from ns close hid under the armpit, 
and the Consideration of the Purchase must have been dis- 
covered by Some of the Penobscott Tribe One thing more is 
out of Our Mind. M r Waldo Enquired who we should like 
best for our Neighbors English or Irish, We Sayd English 
for tho sometimes we fell out as boys do at play, yet after- 
wards we were reconciled & got friends again, but as to for- 
eign men we were not acquainted with their manners and did 
not know their customs 

Gov r I would not hurry you but would have you well 
Consider and freely deliver your Selves to your full satis- 
faction, it is better to Speak fully and freely now you are 
here present, than to do it by writing at So great a distance as 
you live — You shall have time that you may Consider well 
that you may speak freely and fully — 

Indian Speaker. It is but seldom we have the Oppor- 
tunity of seeing your Ex cy as any thing further Occurs to us 
we shall speak to your Ex cy — 

Gov 1 " I take it well. — 

Indian Speaker. We shall have Opportunity we hope of 
Speaking further to your Ex cy on any other Article which we 
may think hereafter. — 

Gov r You shall, I shall consider of what you now say and 
shall give you answer. — I Drink the Great King Georges 
Health to you 

Indians Sp r Return the Salutations Salutes — And 
drink the King's Health to Governour &c. — 

Gov r — to the Interpeter, — Tell the Lieut. Gov 1 " Espeg- 
hueet I drink his health and all the Chiefs and our friends 
at Penobscott. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 241 

Indians. Has your Ex cy any thing further to say at 
present. — 

Gov r Nothing further now, I will Lett you know by Cap' 
Gyles when I would see & speak to you again 

The Delegates withdrew — 



Conference with the Penobscot & Norridgewalk Indians in 

July, 1738. 

A meeting of Indians with his Excellency the Governour 
in the Council Chamber the 28 th of June 1738 

Present the Govern r & Council Adeacunkee Principal of 
the Penobscot Tribe Wiwurna Principal of the Norridgewalk 
tribe & eight others. 

The Gov r drank to the Penobscots first The Indians re- 
turn thinks & drink all the Sagamores with the Gov 1 " & Coun- 
cils Health 

The Gov 1 " drinks to the Norridgewalks 

Govern 1 " I am now ready to hear what you have to say & 
desire you would speak with all openess & frwedom 

Loron. We shall tell you the reason of our coming. Here 
are three Sagamores of the five the rest we have left behind, 
here is the first or Principal of the Penobscots & here is an- 
other ;i rising man & the Tribes have directed them to say 
what they arc now going to say. 

Govern 1 " Speak freely all you would say. 

Loron — In this Place we never hide any thing, and there- 
fore we shall say what is of Importance, & other lesser mat- 
ters, — The first thing is. The Commissions that have been 
given have hurt us, & therefore we desire they may be with- 
drawn, for they are not liked by our Sagamore & others but 
there is no need of particularizing therein — The Articles of 

IT 



242 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Peace we like very well, of which we keep one Copy & this 
Governm 1 another, we have our Copy here with us & if any- 
thing is done contrary to them it ought to be mentioned : The 
English were the first movers of Peace, & it was agreed that 
after the Peace was concluded, the Prices of things should be 
settled & the Indians have good Pennyworths, we used 
formerly to have Linnen cloth enough for three shirts except 
sleeves for one man, but it is not so now, & we should be 
ashamed if better Pennyworths were sold elswhere: in the 
Articles we were promised that nobody should sell cheaper 
than the Truckmasters, but now we cannot have things so 
cheap of them as of others, which we should be glad were 
ordered otherwise, because some would be pleased if any 
misunderstanding should happen herein, & therefore we 
should be glad if there were another Truckmaster at Georges, 
but this lies with the Government & not w th Us — We desire 
to know why we may not have mony for our beaver as well 
as goods, for we know not what we have when we have goods 
but we should if we were paid in mony, & the Truckmaster 
does not allow for the beaver at the proper Prices. — Captain 
Gyles is very ill & we know not what we should do if he 
should die, we like him very well & beleive it would be an 
hard matter to find such another man, We have heard that 
some of the English have said that he has not done right, but 
we know no such thing, we have also heard that he has taken 
part with the Indians, tho we do not desire him so to do. — 
By the Agreement between the Government & Indians there 
were to be bounds to the Englishmens Lands which we are 
content with & desire they may not go beyond, but continue 
in Love & friendship. — It was agreed that the Indians should 
have moderate Quantities of Rum, but they have had so much 
that Mischeif has been done, & for the time to come we de- 
sire no more than one quart a man, for when we have too 
much it interrupts our Prayers & does us Mischeif, & we 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 243 

desire that the Coasters k Fisherman may be restrained from 
selling or giving us a dram but what we have we desire to be 
supply'd with from the Publick, k for the time to come, if 
any private Traders come up our River with Rum, we will 
take it away, k send word to your Excellency what we have 
done 

Wiwurna I shall say all I have to say with Freedom. — 
I was never here before but was desired to come — I have ob- 
served that the People about Sheepscut were deserting their 
habitations, but I bid them stay k provide for their Families, 
they were apprehensive of a War but I told them there would 
be no War, for that the Peace made in Gov 1 " Dummers time 
was firm, & what they would keep, that beaver is all gone, k 
that we should walk in the Tract Mr. Dummer made. — It 
was then said that we should have good Pennyworths, but it 
is not so now, every thing is dear, we were told that when 
Beaver grew scarce we should have more for it, but when 
beaver rises, Cloth rises in greater Proportion, which we de- 
sire the Govern 1 " 1 would consider of. — We would not have 
the English be afraid of going into our Country, — We think 
it is too much to be Cap n k Truckmaster, and we therefore 
desire that Jabez may be Truckmaster, he will tell all he 
hears, — We heard that Lieut: Joseph Bean was going from 
Richmond which we should be sorry for — This is all at 
present. 

Loron What I said I spoke from my Heart 
Govern 1 " You shall have a particular Answer on Satur- 
day next. Then the Governour drank the King's Health. 



July 1, 1738 
Present as before 

Govern 1 " I am glad to see you all in good health & hope 
you are kindly treated. 



244 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

Loron. Not so well treated as formerly, we have Victuals 
enough at dinner but nothing but broth morning & night. 

Governour drinks K. George's health 

Wiwurna. I am glad God has ordered it so that we see 
one another — he drinks the K's Health the Gov 1 " & all the 
Councellors 

Gov 1 " If you ha'nt Provision enough, I'll take care that 
you have enough & I'll take care that you have not too much 
rum, & now I shall give a particular answer to what You 
said. — Your first complaint was about the commissioners : 
your Ancestors have owned their Submission to the King 
from time to time, the Commissions are K : George's whose 
Subjects I take them to be, or I should not have done them the 
Honour of them, tho they made request for them, & when 
they desire to return them I will receive them, — the several 
treaties we have made shall be observed strictly. It is true 
we were the first movers of Peace, that was from our good 
disposition, for we had made a great slaughter of them at 
ISTorridgewalk, tho. we had such advantages yet we were will- 
ing to make peace: If we have broke any Articles of Peace 
we shall be willing to redress them. — Why do you desire an- 
other Truckmaster at Georges. 

Loron. I'll tell your Excy. The Truckmaster was not 
ordered to do as he has done, — -Beaver in the fall is not so 
good, but when the hard weather comes it is good, yet he 
wont take that but for fall Beaver. 

Governour. I'll make inquiry into the affair & see that 
the Truckmaster do's you Justice. 

Loron. The Prices of Goods rise higher in proportion 
than beaver — the Truckmaster do's not treat the poorer Sort 
of Indians kindly if they come with a few feathers & to truck 
he will throw them away & bid them go trade with the 
French : at the other Truckhouses a pipe & Tobacco or some 
refreshment is allow'd but no such at Georges. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 245 

Gov 1- — I'll take Care of the matter & that you be kindly 
treated 

Loron. We are afraid something will fall out for upon 
the least affront he is very angry. — We pray your Excy to do 
us Justice. 

Gov r Did you ever meet with any 111 treatment from him 
yourself. 

Loron. None escapes, the Captains are not better treated 
than other People 

Govern 1 " I shall take Care you are all better treated for 
the future. 

Loron. The Commissions make the Indians that have 
them exceeding proud, & they breed mutinies «v. wont come to 
Prayers, but do nothing but get drunk. 

Govern 1- The Commissions were not given for Prayer but 
to fight King George's Enemies. 

Loron. The Commissions make them so proud that we 
fear they will kill one another. 

Govern 1 " Had you never any Commissions from the 
French. 

Loron. Yes, but it made them so proud, that they were 
all delivered up only one that was given to Squaduke. 

Govern 1 " Why would you have mony for your Beaver. 

Loron. Because we can tell better if we are Cheated. We 
can't trust the Truckmaster w n we carry a Pack of Beaver, 
he tells us it weighs so much & we are to have so much for it 
in Truck at such Prices and thats all. 

Govern 1 " You cant read nor write & are much more ex- 
posed to be cheated by mony than Goods in truck 

Loron. We trade with the French for mony & can tell it. 

Govern 1 " We have no mony in this Country nothing but 
Paper. 

Loron. Paper mony is as good as any. 



246 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Gov 1 " We have always traded this way, Cloth is as good 
as mony & so is Indian Corn & Provisions as well as beaver, 
you can't eat mony or Paper. 

Loron. We hope before we go away your Excy will tell 
us how we shall trade & whether we shall have better Penny- 
worths. 

Govern' Cpt Gyles is better, I'm glad you like him so 
well, wherein has he not done right, you were saying some 
of the English said so. 

Loron. We dont know anything amiss of Gyles, he has 
always been a man for Peace, & a very honest man, we think 
if any body has said that C Gyles has done amiss they do 
him wrong. I beleive I know the man that spoke against 
him. 

Govern 1- What is his Name 

Loron I don't know his Name, but I beleive he is here in 
Town. — We heard a man say that if Cap n Giles had not been 
at Georges he would have had all the Land there, but I do'nt 
mention his name tho the man is mistaken in that. It is a 
pity but Cap n Gyles should be allow'd some trade by himself. 

Govern 1- When we see one another it is a time of freedom 
of Speech, if any one has spoken falsly of Cap n Gyles, I ex- 
pect you to tell me, — Did John Gyles ever say any thing to 
discourage the English Settlements 

Loron No Never 

Govern 1- I look on J. Gyles to be an honest man & much 
disposed for Peace 

Loron. John Gyles reproves us as much for drunkenness 
as a Minister would — We desire to know if your Excy has 
got so far as what we mentioned about Rum. 

Govern 1- No not yet, but I will answer it when I get to it, 
why did not Espequet come with you, is not he one of y r cheif 
Sagamores. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 247 

Loron. He is now at Passamaquody, lie is put down at 
present 

Govern 1 " It is true there was a Line mark'd as a boundary 
between the English mens & Indians Lands the agreement 
shall be strictly observed on the part of the Governm 1 that we 
& the children unborn may live in Love & Friendship. — I 
am very well content you have but one quart of Rum a man. 

Loron. We would not have the Women have any at all — 
One man will get a quart of Rum & then return and get more 
in the Name of another which is a wrong thing. 

Govern 1 " That shall be regulated 

Loron. I desire the Truckmaster may have a Letter about 
it for his Government. 

Gov 1 " I will take Care of it, — There is a good Law of the 
Province to prevent Coasters &c selling Rum to you 

Loron. There was a Sloop came up in the Spring, & let 
the Indians have rum and they killed one another 

Govern 1 " It is almost impossible to prevent such mis- 
cheifs : you are always cheated by private Traders, it is much 
better to go to the Truckhouse. 

Loron. Sometimes we have no Truck to purchase Pro- 
visions & are obliged to leave a Pledge. 

Govern 1 " You had a present of Provisions last year from 
the Governm* 

Loron. Sometimes we have no Victuals for a good while 
together 

Govern 1 " In the winter time the river is frozen & Sanders 
can't get up : — I think I have answered every thing particu- 
lailv, <v. if you have a mind to see me on Monday next you 
may. 

Loron. I shall be glad to say something more to y r Excy. 
then. 

Govern 1 " You shall have a Copy what has been now said 
for your Consideration. 



248 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Gov r to Wiwurna — I am glad to hear you spoke so 
friendly to the People at Sheepscut, there is no likelyhood of 
War, if there is I hope we shall live in Peace — The treaty 
made by M r Dummer shall be exactly kept. — you shall have 
good Pennyworths : We can't help the Rise of Goods, the In- 
dians have all Goods as cheap as the English can buy them 
for ready mony, — It has been the Practice for one man to be 
Capt. & Truckmaster, & I take Cap 1 Minot to be an honest 
man, & I have no intention to send Joseph Bane from Rich- 
mond. — has any of my Officers discouraged the English 
Settlements at Richmond or Kennebeck 

Wiwurna. No, — we heard no such thing. The Gov r told 
us at Casco we should tell of any thing we did not like, we 
don't see but the Land & everything is well, but it is good to 
look forward & keep it so. 

Govern 1- We shall keep to the Treaties, & when Beaver 
can be put higher & Goods Lower it shall be so. 

Wiwurna. I shall be glad to tell such News at home. 

Govern r You shall have a Copy of all that is said 

Wiwurna. I never heard Cpt. Gyles say any thing to dis- 
courage the English Settlements, but others have said so. 

Govern 1- If any of the Officers do any thing to discourage 
the Settlem ts I expect to know it, for they are sent to protect 
& cover them, & I expect they'll allways treat the People 
kindly 

Wiwurna. Has your Excy considered about Jabez' being 
Truckmaster 

Gov 1- No, the Governm 1 have chosen a better man. 

Wiwurna. — Cap n Heath kept Gov 1- Dummers Articles & 
so did Jabez 

Govern 1- This Governm 1 appoints their own Officers. 

Gov 1- drinks to Wiwurna & the Norridgewalks 

It is my Order that you be well provided for at your Lodg- 
ings & that you have not too much rum. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 249 

Indians. Yr. Excy dont tell ns how much Provisions 
shall he allowd us. 

Gov 1 " You must take care of one another & see that you 
don't get drunk for the English despise you \v n you are 
drunk. 

Indians. We desire 2 quarts of wine & some Cyder at 
every meal & 3 drams a day 

Govern 1 " You shall have a Copy of what has been said, 
& I shall see you again on Monday next at 4 o'Clocit. 

Loron. We are afraid M r Noyes will he very angry with 
us if he hears what we have said. 

Govern 1 " If he does not behave well somebody shall be 
sent in his room, — If you have any thing to say further, you 
may say it on Monday next when I shall take my leave of you 
& C l Sanders shall be ready to carry you away. 



Monday July 3, 1738 
Present as before 

Govern 1 " How do you do. I hope you have been better 
entertained 

Loron. Very well 

Govern 1 " If you have anything further to say I am ready 
to hear you. 

Loron. We should have been glad to have seen Cpt. Heath 
& Cap 1 Gyles here. 

Govern 1 " If you bad mentioned this the last time, I could 
have ordered Heaths attendance but Gyles is sick. 

Loron These two were at the Beginning of the Treaties 
& have attended the Conferences all along 

Govern 1 " Have you seen Cap n Gyles today (to Loron) 

Loron. I was to see hi in. 

Govern 1 " now did he do. 

Loron. He look't pretty well he was walking about. 



250 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Govern 1 " He was with me at twelve o Clock & look't faint 
and very much out of order not able to walk much 

Loron. If your Excy has any thing further to say, please 
to say to us first 

Govern 1 " I have nothing to say at present. 

Loron We desire to know if your Excellency has resolved 
as to the Regulation of Trade, if it may be better managed : 
that it may be determined at what Season of the year the 
Beaver may be look't upon as good, that so the Prices may 
be governed accordingly : It is best the Prices of Cloaths as 
well as of Beaver should be regulated, & it is good we should 
know it, we look upon it proper the time should be set when 
it is good, & we think it is very good at Christmas tho it is 
not said so, I brought Beaver here once myself, M r Dummer 
said Goods would differ in their Prices sometimes higher & 
sometimes lower, but by our Observation they have continued 
rising. — 

Govern 1 " I wish you had brought some beaver with you 
now — yourselves, that you might try the market here, & be 
satisfied as to the Prices of that Commodity. 

Loron. The Commissary allways knows the Price of 
Beaver. 

Govern 1 " Have you had the Conference on Saturday laid 
before you 

Loron. — Yes, we have, Sir, but what makes it difficult 
is, The Prices of Beaver are not the same now as in M r dim- 
mer's time: we have brought the Treaties with us as to the 
Regulation of Trade : — he exhibits them to his Excellency & 
Complains they are not observed. 

Govern 1 " Have you any thing else to say besides the 
Articles relating to trade. 

Loron We have already said all we can: the boat which 
brought the Provisions last year was sunk with the Pro- 
visions which were much damnified as Tobacco & Bread &c 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 251 

& yet we could have no Consideration, as we were obliged to 
give a shilling for nine bisket, & when we complained M r 
Noyes was angry, bid us be gone, & said he did not care 
whether we had them or not & he had as 'live we should let 
them alone as have them. — We have said as to M r aSToyes & 
desire to say no more about him. 

Govern 1 " It is not too late, I shall give effectual Orders 
that Mr. Noyes shall carry it bettor to you & treat you more 
kindly & justly cV if he does not another man shall be sent in 
his Room & he shall not trouble you farther. 

Loron, That which was sent to the poor People last year, 
fell into the Water & was damnified but M r Noyes made ad- 
vantage of, we suppose he got ten Pounds : he grows a old man 
ill-humoured, & he wont hearken to us but a young will 
hearken to Reason though he will not. — I have nothing fur- 
ther to say 

Govern 1- I am sorry Cpt Gyles is sick, he is not able to 
be here & speak for himself, but if he or any one of my Cap- 
tains have done anything amiss, I expect to know it & shall 
put him out, You said on Saturday last you thought you 
could tell the man that spoke amiss of Cap n Gyles, you should 
never be afraid to speak the truth, let that be told. 

Loron. It was Mr. Waldo. 

Govern 1 " Did you see M r Waldo there. 

Loron. I saw him there two or three times. 

Govern 1 " Who was the man that said, if Capt n Gyles had 
not been there he should have had all the Land at Georges. 

Loron. It was Mr. Waldo. 

Govern 1 " Did Capt" (iyles ever advise any of you to dis- 
turb the English Settlements there. 

Loron. No never anything like it ; We generally look 
upon it that Cap n Gyles takes M r Waldo's part. — 

Govern 1 " I have heard Espeguet has said that Cap n Gyles 
advised to give the English disturbance in their Settlements. 



252 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Loron. We know nothing of that 

Govern 1- Are yon well pleased & satisfyed with the order 
of the English Settlements 

Loron. Yes, Sir, we are well pleased ; we have set up a 
mark, we have spotted a Tree for a monument for ourselves 
& future generations 

Govern 1- Where is that Monument or Mark. 

Loron At the head of the Falls Eight miles up the River 

Govern 1- Before you go I will look carefully into the 
weighty article of Trade, & shall give order that the same be 
strictly & faithfully observed by this government & you shall 
carry with you the Prices of Beaver & of the Goods sent 
down 

Loron We shall be glad it might be that we carry these 
Prices back with us. 

Govern 1- The Prices of both Sorts may alter, grow higher 
or lower, but we cannot help it. 

Loron. We understand it may be so. We shall be glad 
to know the Prices of Wampam here 

Govern 1- I don't know of any to be bought in Town but 
if I can hear of any, I shall take care it is bought & sent you 
with the cost of it. 

Loron One of us bought some at Albany about Eighteen 
months ago & can tell what it cost. 

Govern 1- The Price may differ between here & there. 

Loron. We have done as to that 

Govern 1- directs Mr. Bane the Interpreter to ask Wiwurna 
if he has any thing to say 

Wiwurna. What your Excellency has said as to trade I 
like very well, & I speak the mind of my whole tribe &c your 
Excellency did not say anything to us about the Quart of 
Rum. What was said to the others the Penobscots we like ex- 
traordinary well, we have said so to Jabez and shall say no 
more 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 253 

Govern 1 " speaks to Wiwurna & says lie hopes as he is grown 
old he is so wise as to desire no more Rum 

Wiwurna — I must speak as the People directed 

Govern 1 " — Has Cap" M inot ever done you any wrong. 

Wiwurna — If he had we should have acquainted your 
Excellency with it before now. 

Govern 1- Dont you look on Cap" Minot to be an honest 
man. 

Wiwurna We never observed any thing to the Contrary 
& hope he'll follow your Excellency's directions 

Govern 1- That is no answer how he has behav'd formerly 

Wiwurna We know nothing amiss but that he has be- 
hav'd honestly — I have something about the Pejepscots about 
Rum, they have no body to speak for them here : a little rum 
would be acceptable to them : they sell a blanket there of forty 
shillings Value for a bottle of Rum. 

Govern 1- It is best to live temperately, & that is the way 
to live healthy 

Wiwurna. A little would be acceptable. 

Govern 1- I have liv'd almost sixty years & dont drink 
Rum 

Wiwurna. We should be glad Capt n Minot would allow 
us a little more Rum than heretofore. 

Govern 1- Did Cap" Minot ever disturb the English Settle- 
ments or any of his Officers endeavour to do so. 

Wiwurna. We have said as to that we never heard of any 
such Attempt. 

Govern 1- I have heard the Jesuit has said so. 

Wiwurna. I know nothing of that. 

Gov r to all ye Delegates — When do you think you shall be 
ready to return to your Homes. 

Loron — When your Excellency pleases. 

Govern 1- I do'nt desire to drive yon away, do you think 
\ou shall be readv to morrow. 



254 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Loron — "We should be glad to stay two days if your Excy 
pleases. 

= Acteon, One of the Norridgewalk Delegates rises & 
acquaints his Excy. that Toxus gave his humble service to 
him, & had sent him some Wampam : & says he should be sat- 
isfied if Bradbury was Truckmaster. 

Adeakankee Cheif Sachem of the Penobscots speaks — 
Loron was the first man that strove for Peace, & we all intend 
to follow an Example so good & worthy of Imitation: We 
shall carry all back we have both heard & said now, & desire 
nothing but what may tend to the Preservation of Peace & 
Friendship between us. — Loron is our Speaker 

Govern 1 " I shall carefully look into the Articles in the 
Treaties & always walk by them, & see the Truckmasters 
treat you civilly & friendly, & do everything on my part for 
the streiigthnmg & Continuance of the Peace. 

Wiwurna. I am glad from my Heart to see your Excy 
in good health, all the Gentlemen Counsellours of the Nor- 
ridgewalk tribe sat round and told me what I should say, as 
the Gentlemen of the Council sit here, & I shall acquaint them 
on my Return of all that has pass'd, what I have said is 
agreable to the Message delivered me in Council with us. 

Govern 1 " If you don't go before Thursday perhaps Cap n 
Gyles may be able to get abroad then, & Capt n Heath may be 
here then also, I shall see you on Thursday Morning & then 
take my Leave, Cap n Sanders shall be ready to attend you. 

Moses an Indian says he has lost a Gun at Brunswick 
Narrows. 

Govern 1- drinks the Kings health of them all 

Indians drink the Kings health to His Excy. 

Cap n Swan (Penobscot Delegate) prays the Gov 1 " w d give 
him a drum for their tribe, & desires that instead of a Quart 
of Rum he may have his Rundlet filled 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 255 

Govern 1 " I shall now deliver you the present from the 
Governm' as a token of their Friendship & Love to you. 

The Present was then deliv d & his Excy informed them 
Cp l Sanders should take care of their Present if they inclined 
to carry it abroad. 

His Excy. drinks Toxus's health. 

Wiwurna returns hearty thanks for favours received, & 
speaks for him & in behalf of his Tribe 

Govern 1 " I shall be ready to hear you if you have any 
thing further to say on Thursday 

Loron. We return thanks to God that we have the Oppor- 
tunity of seeing one another so peaceably. & my Prayer is that 
it will please God to continue Peace & Friendship among us. 

Govern 1 " orders M r Bane to tell the Delegates that besides 
what they have now received there are some pipes & Provision 
for them on board Cap" Saunders as a Present over & above 
the Provisions for carrying them down and advising them to 
pay a Visit to Cap n Gyles under his Indisposition : the Dele- 
gates withdrew. 

July 6, 1738 
Present as before 

Govern 1 " How do you all do, you look well, you ha'nt been 
interrupted in your Prayers by Rum, are you ready to go on 
board. 

Loron Yes, I have considered what you said of the Price 
of Beaver, you know there's great difference between Fall & 
Spring Beaver & the Government must trust to their Officers, 
to judge between the one 6: the other: Orders shall be sent to 
the Officers to deal justly & kindly, I will take Care they 
have the Price of Beaver \- other skins as they fetch in Bos- 
ton: The Price of Goods shall be set as they be in Boston 
when the Sloop carrys them such as Shrouds, Linnens & 
other goods, but you must know they rise & fall & it can't be 



256 DOCUMENTAEY HISTOEY 

help'd, but the Government Avill always use you as well as 
they can & better than any other will use them. — As to Cap" 
Noyes there is an order to go down to him by Cpt n Saunders 
to charge him to use You justly & kindly: This is all I have 
to say at present if you would say further do. — 

Loron. (Indian Conference 28 June 1738) Shrouds 
were thirty shillings a blanket now they are forty four 

Govern 1- How was Beaver then 

Loron. Nine shillings a pound 

Govern 1- Now it is fourteen 

Loron. Mr. Noyes will not take beaver after Christmas 
for Spring Beaver. 

Govern 1- There must be a time set for such things, you 
must keep your Beaver till Christmas. 

G. drinks the K's health & Penobscot tribes 

Loron. Is not the Price of Goods fallen. 

Wiwurna. I shall hardly see your Excy again. I bless 
God I have seen you now, & I thank you for all the kindness 
we have received & shall tell my Children of it when I return, 
& how kindly you have spoke 

Govern 1- I shall endeavour you shall feel what I say as 
w T ell as hear it. How old are You. 

Wiwurna. Sixty seven. 

Govern 1- Give my respects to Toxus & thank him for his 
Present of Wampam I have ordered a Beaver laced hat to be 
sent him as a Token of Our Respect for him. 

Two Sachems presented the Wampam 

I lost a Gun taken from me at Brunswick Narrows 

Govern 1- If I knew who took it away, I would endeavour 
Justice should be done you. 

G. drinks to them & wishes the Peace & Friendship may 
always last 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 257 

Loron. We believe your Excys heart is good & so is ours 
& for that reason we came up to remove some little Uueasiuess 
there was. 

Goveru r The great God knows I mean what I speak & J 
shall make everything good. 

Loron. It is the last time I shall see your Excy. when 
you please 

Govern 1, I will order Cpt. Saunders to be ready. 

[One leaf of another copy is also inserted, containing ending of the con- 
ference precisely as above, but with the following closing sentence.] 

Then sung a warlike Song & Danced & took their Leave. 



Conference with Polin &c Indians of Presumpscot — 
Aug. 10, 1739. 

— Polin the Sachem of the Pesumpscot Indians he has had 
a desire to wait on your Excellency for Sometime but could 
not before now, Accomplish it, but by the assistance of his 
friend Cap 1 Jordan & now Salutes yo r Excellency & Council 
Yo r excellency was Pleased to say in the Treaty that when 
any thing happened, you would be glad to hear itt from me, 
and I have now Something to say 

Gov r I shall be glad to hear itt 

Indian I have to Say Something Concemerning the 
River, which I belong too, it is barred over in Sundry Places. 

Gov r What River is itt 

Indian, itt is Pesuinscott, which is Barr'd up, and the 
tish is thereby Barr'd up, which is Our food, and then laid 
downe an otter skin desires only that a place may be left 
open in the Dams that so the fish may conic up in the Propper 
Seasons of the year, for their food Whereas itt was agreed in 
the Articles of Peace how fa it the Land should be Settled & 



18 



258 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Peopled by the English, and now upon Inquiry he cannot 
find that the Land & Ponds whereon the English Settle and 
do Settle were ever Purchased by the English from their 
fathers & Grandfathers and desires there may be a Cessation 
of Settling any more, and Stopping now as farr as they are 
settld and laid downe an otter skin. — He should be verry 
well Pleased there was a man that understood their Language 
would be Settled on the River Pesumscott, either for Trade, 
or otherwise because they cannot understand one another 

Gov r Where do you Trade, don't you Trade w th Cap 1 
Smith 

Indian I do not Trade att any Certain Place Cap* Smith 
is about 40 Myles 

Gov 1- itt would be best for you to Trade att Capt. Smiths 
fortt where you may have things cheep, and where there is an 
Interpreter that understands your Language 

Indian there is an Island they Call their watering Place 
in Cascoe Bay they would be glad to have for their own use 
and that they might have a little Rum of Private PSons 
not to drink drunk with but a little when they want itt and 
they desire a drum for their young men to dans w th and this 
is all they have to offer & what they come upon 

Gov r I have heard what you Say, and shall give you an 
Answer 

Indian it would be of Service to have an Interpreter near 
them 

Govern 1- Tell them there are noe Interpreters to be found, 
they are all Ingaged att the Truck Houses and Ports Tells 
them wee shall observe the Treatys of Peace made w th them 
and that wee expect they will do the Same. Tells Them 
King George has Sent a ship here has been out about Six 
weeks that there is some misunderstanding between the King 
of England and King of Spain and the King of England has 
ordered his Ships to take the King of Spain, — that at psent 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 259 

there is noe warr between the King of England and the King 
of France, but wee know not how Soon there may be, what 
Sayes True and thinks Propper to acquaint you of the news 
they shall have Provision for their Voyage Then asks them 
if they have any thing more to Say 

Indian. We desire the People att Pesumpscott may be 
desired to Treat them kindly and lett them lodge in their 
Houses when they may be Out late att night 

Gov r I shall direct Coll Westbrook itt may be so 



—Aug 13 1739 

A Conference held in y e Council Chamber betw n His Ex- 
cel? 7 y e Gov 1 " & Polin Sachem of y e Pesumpscots — 

Gov r How do you do I am glad to See you. 

Ind 1 We have had a mind to wait on yo r Excel l cy a great 
while &■ now are come to do it & Salute you. Your Excell cy 
when y e Treaty was Sealed was pleased to Say y* if any 
thing should happen y* we could not understand or did not 
approve of we should inform yo r Excell cy of it : and w T hat we 
are most agrieved at is that the River Pesumpscut is darned 
up so that ye Passage of y e Fish w ch is our Food is obstructed, 
and y l Col Westbrook did promise ab* two years ago 
y 1 he would leave open a place in y e Dam and y* y e Fish 
Shou'd have a free passage up s d River into ye Pond in y e 
Proper Season but he has not perform'd, y* and we are there- 
by deprived of our proper Food. It was agreed that y e 
Bounds of ye Settlem ts made by y e English Shou'd be 
known & that ye English are enchroaching upon our 
Land, which we never knew or understood was lawfully 
purchased, and we move that ye English may not be al- 
lowed to settle any farther as yet, and that ye Governm' 
wou'd put a Stop to ye Settlem ts on those Lands at present : 
and y* y e English Improvem ts caused y e Hunting to be very 



260 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Difficult, so that we cannot get our Trade as usual & we 
Shou'd be glad to have a Trade on Pesumpscut River. 

Gov r How many Familys have you att Pesumpscut ? 

Ind' About 25 Men besides Women & children 

Gov 1- Where do you Trade ? at W* Truck House 

Ind 1 Not at any Particular Truck House 

Gov r If you Trade at Capt Smiths Truck House it will 
be near, & you will have goods Cheaper than you can buy of 
private Traders 

Ind 1 We are not so much concern' d about that for we go 
down & ye River where it Suits us best but our Main End 
is y e Hunting & Fishing — 

Ind* There is an Island y* we were at when y r Excellency 
was there, y* is a watering Place w ch We Should be glad to 
have y e Improvem 1 of for that End. 

Gov 1- That Island is own'd by M r Willard &c — 

Ind 1 There are a great many Settlers at Pesumpscut and 
w r e Shou'd be glad of some Trader to be placed there y* we 
might buy a Small quantity of Rum, but not so much as to 
get Drunk for y* is Contrary to our Religion Our young 
men desire that we may have a Dance Sometimes, & have no 
Drum, Shou'd be glad of one— These are the Things we came 
to wait on yo r Excellency about, and shall be glad of an 
Answer. 

Gov 1 " You Shall have an Answer to all before you go. 
The Gov r Drinks three Kings Healths &e. The Indians re- 
turn y e Salute & withdraw 

N. B. The Indian laid down a Skin at y e close of each 
Subject & Said it was a Pledge from His Tribe. 

The Indians object ag st y e Settlem 1 of Marblehead Town- 
ship on Pesumpscut, & ye other Settlements thereabout & they 
dont allow y e English to have any Right to y e Lands above 
Saukarappa on Pesumpscut River, w ch is about Seven Miles 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 261 

above Pesusumpscut Mills, where there is a Mill set up by y e 

Prop™ of Mnrblehead Township. 

Conferen 08 w th Polin & Indians of Pesumpscut Aug. 10, L739 

As to the Complaint of the obstruction given to the Fish 
in Pesnmpscot River: a Letter will be Sent by yon to Coll 
Westbrokc that the Passage in the Dam be opened & kept 
open in the Proper Season for the Fish to go up the River 

As to the Indian Title to the Lands on Pesumpscot River, 
we are well informed that there have been Deeds given by 
the Indians of the Lands in that p;trt of the Country to old 
M r Jordan & others, but we suppose many of those papers 
have been burnt in the Time of War: However as none of 
that Country are now in Town we cannot come at the Knowl- 
edge of this Matter, but we shall make further Inquiry into 
the affair, & they shall be informed of it. 

As to the Request for an Interpreter on Pesumpscot River 
& Liberty for private persons to Sell rum there: The Gov- 
ernm 1 has provided Interpreters at all the Truck-Houses 
which is thought Sufficient and there the Indians are Sup- 
plied with Rum in moderate Quantities, and that for pre- 
venting any wrong being done to the Indians the Govern- 
ment made a Law against private persons trading with them 
in Rum : And the good & wholesome Laws of the Province 
must not be broken 

Coll Westbrook 
Sir, 
I am directed by His Excellency & the Council to acquaint 
you that divers Indians inhabiting on Pesumpscot River have 
complained that by the Dams built on thai River the course 
of the Fish is stay'd & they are thereby deprived of a greal 
part of their subsistance, that upon your first building the 
Dam a Passage was made therein for the Fish *.V kept open 
in the proper season, but of late that Passage has been wholly 



262 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

stop'd up: I am further to acquaint you that the Gov r & 
Council apprehend it but reasonable that you sh d continue 
in the proper season to leave open a sufficient Passage for 
the Fish & they expect this may be done that so no further 
complaint may be made in this matter: And the rather be- 
cause that the deed of President Danforth to the Town of 
Falmouth does make an express Saving of the River, It is also 
desired that you would take care & give Orders that the 
People of Pesumpscot River treat the Indians kindly that 
come thither 

Copy 

J. Willard 



Indian Conference. 

Province of the Massa c Bay 

A Conference held at the Council Chamber in Boston on 
Monday y e 25 th of Aug: 1740 Between His Excell cy Jon a 
Belcher Esq r Governour &c. and Arexis, Loron & two other 
Chiefs of the Penobscot Tribe of Indians, in presence of the 
General Assembly, Loron being Speaker for ye Indians. 

Govern r I am very glad to see you; and that you are 
arrived in good Health I hope that you have been kindly en- 
tertained.— The Govern 1- & the great Council of the Province 
are here & ready to hear you, and hope you'll Speak with 
Freedom, which will be the Way to Strengthen our Friend- 
ship and prolong the Peace. 

Loron. We have nothing of Moment to deliver more than 
the Discourse we have had with several Nations of Indians. 
— The last Spring we had a Message from the Arrasagunte- 
cooks, who were grown uneasie at the English ; Whereupon I 
went my Self to enquire into it, that I might hear what they 
had to say and am now come to deliver it to vour Excell cy 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 263 

& the great Council. — They understood that by the Treaty of 
Peace y e English were to Settle on the Sea Coasts, and the 
Indians were to hold the back Lands, but now y e English 
were got a little too far on their Hunting Grounds 

We'll now inform yo r Excell cy of our answer to the Ar- 
raseguntacooks, We then, putting down a Belt of Wampom 
according to Custom, told them you are too , 

don't force on, let us be moderate, & abide by the Articles 
of Peace : and we will discourse with the English, It is very 
wrong to rush into these Things without discoursing the 
Governm* For there is Peace between the French and Eng- 
lish. — And after I had convine'd them that they were wrong, 
I went to the French to inform them and the French Govern 1 " 
told me he liked very well what I had advised, and that the 
Penobscots had more sense than all y e Indians and that he 
wou'd have them continue in peace and see that Justice be 
done ; for y e English Possessions were well known and ought 
not to be intruded upon. After which I returned to the Ar- 
raseguntacooks, and told them what I had done in which they 
did acquiesse, but desired that as there was a good Friend- 
ship between y e English & Us, we Shou'd go to the Governm 1 
at Boston & discourse them about these Things, and they 
would abide by what we shou'd do. — 

I have informed yo r Excell cy of these Things and what I 
say is the Truth : and those concerned about those Lands will 
not dispute it further but leave it with us to Settle with y e 
English, so that they expect an Answer from Us at our Re- 
turn. And now we will mention what may be further neces- 
sary for Strengthening the Peace & Friendship betwixt the 
English k Indians. For my Part upon my first Hearing of 
a Misunderstanding, I used my utmost Endeav 1 * 3 to preserve 
Peace among y e Tribes. 

We are of Opinion that the Settlers of the new Plantations 
Shou'd make a Stop in their Settlem 13 till these Matters are 



2G4 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

over. — And we told the Arraseguntacooks that we could not 
tell how far the English had trespassed on Connecticut. But 
at Casco the English had not gone further than they had 
purchased, and we desire that the Governm 1 would enquire 
into those Lands towards Connecticut that y e Eng: might 
not proceed farther in ye Settlem ts 

As to Our Selves we are in good Understanding with the 
Governm 1 but are afraid of y e other Indians who are a wild 
People & they will make Disturbances — as to the Contro- 
verted Lands, we dont expect yo r Excell cy Shou'd give an 
Answer to these Things immediately, but that you would 
consider of it, & give yo r Answer a Month or two Hence 

I was so grieved about this Disturbance that I could not 
be easie & have neglected my Hunting and took Nineteen 
more Indians, & went to the Tribes far & near even as far as 
Cape Sables to Settle these Matters, And Since we have men- 
tioned These, we will take Notice of Some Matters of less 
Consequence. — The other Nations look upon the Penobscots 
as the principal Tribe & they will agree to what we do in 
these Affairs. 

We have Several times had assurances from the Governm* 
that when a Truck-Master was not agreable to Us we shou'd 
mention it, & we have often done it for his Removal. 

We are Sensible that there is a Difference in Our Skins & 
Feathers Sometimes We are obliged to bring Skins not taken 
in Season & damp Feathers which y e Truck Masters will not 
buy but throw them out of Doors, we desire some Price may 
be Set & that he may be ordered to give us what they are 
worth, And it was promised at the Treaty that the Price of 
Our Truck shou'd be allow'd as they Sell at Boston, But the 
Truck Masters have not allowed us so much. And they exact 
the smallest Trifles of us. We are Sorry we are obliged to 
mention these Things as we have often done, but have not 
met with better Usage. — When we have been absent two or 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 265 

three Months and visit the Truck House we shou'd be glad 
that the Truck Master wou'd give us a pipe & a little Tobacco 
& a Dram especially when we have no Truck to purchase with- 
al : but the Gentlemen have exacted every Pennyworth: H we 
were used as Friends and Neighbours, as we are at other 
Trading Places, when we are on a Visit, it, wou'd be a Means 
to preserve Peace & Friendship, 

The Armorour does not attend his Business at y c Truck 
House as he did at first, and does not do his Work Well, we 
desire therfore that another may be appointed in his Room. 
When a Truckmaster was formerly chosen he was removed 
if he did not do his Duty but now he is continued altho we 
cm] 11 plain ever So much. 

We understand when we Set out for Canada that many 
People deserted their Habitations— which Shew'd as tho our 
Words were not of force for we promised that before a War 
broke out, the English should always have Notice, and are 
Sorry that the Settlers were disturbed. 

We desire that yo r Excell cy wou'd consider, that I came 
purely on this Occasion, and have not been at home three 
Days this Summer, which I wou'd have all men that have 
Wives consider: and Shou'd be glad to return as soon as 
possible. 

Govern 1 " T drink the great King Georges Health. 

Loron. I drink King Georges Health & this great Coun- 
cils We have been acquainted with Capt. (Ivies this forty 
year, we perceive that now he is grown old & infirm is de- 
sirous of leaving our Parts, but we desire that ('apt. (ivies 
may continue with us & that he may live and die with us for 
we are not pleased with Strangers, and Cap 1 Gyles is a lover 
of Peace and well acquainted with our ( lustoms & Language. 

We desire that over & above the Trade with the Truck 
Masters, we may be allowed to Trade with the Soldiers for 
Small Things: And that Our Squaws may not he allowed to 



266 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

have Rum as the men for we have known Some Squaws to 
have two Quarts of Rum a piece & carry it out & sell it to 
other Indians which makes Disturbance in Our Families. 

Gov r I drink your Health Arexis, and all our Brethren 
of the Penobscot Tribe. 

Arexis I drink the Govern 1 " & great Councils Health and 
all the Chiefs of Penobscot. 

Gov er I have heard what you have to say, and To morrow 
about this Time, I will be ready to give you an answer and 
you shall not be delayed for Capt. Sanders shall carry you 
down as Soon as you are ready. 

Loron. We shou'd be glad to be dispatched as Soon as 
possible to get to Our Fall Hunting Seasonably. 

Govern 1, I hope you are kindly Entertain'd and have all 
things necessary for your Comfort. 

Indians Yes, we are well entertained, and then the In- 
dians withdrew. 

Conference with the Chiefs of the Penobscot Indians. — 
Aug 25, 1740. 

Thursday August 28, 1740. 

Present His Excellency the Govern 1- the Hon ble Council & 
House of Represent vse & Loron &c of the Penobscot Tribe of 
Indians. 

Governor. Who was Oyaumouet who appeared at the 
Treaty at Casco Bay with Governor Dummer ? 

Loron. He was Chief of the Arresaguntacooks 

Govern 1- King George's Health, and Drank 

Loron. King George, and the Great Councils drank Loron 
and the rest. 

Govern 1- I have consider'd what you said when here be- 
fore, and am now going to give you an answer. 

I perceive you have had Discourse with several Indians, 
and particularly with the Arresaguntacooks, which you now 
come to deliver. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 267 

I don't understand why they improve the Penohscots to 
speak to Us, as they were a principal tribe in the Treaty 
Thirteen years ago with Governor Dummer. Oyainouet 
acted for them, and therefore they should not go to the 
French, if there was danger of War. 

This Government don't take it kindly they should advise 
with the French — Such things will make us Jealous. The 
Penobscots at the treaty promised to come to Us if there was 
any Danger, and not go to the French, it looks as if the 
French were to point out to them 

Loron. I went there that I might know the certainty of 
things, and left word with my People, and Oyamouet is 
Dead, and if I had not gone I believe there would have been 
difficulties with the Arresaguntacooks. 

Govern 1- It looks as if you were ready to take up the 
Hatchet, and were directed in it by the French, that you .... 
go to them on all Occasions. 

Loron We go to receive Our Presents of Powder, and 
change our Jesuits or Priests if we don't like them. 

Govern 1- I will say No more on this Head, but we don't 
like your going to the French. 

Loron We are not dependant on the French, We are a 
free People. 

Govern 1- I take Notice You say the Arresaguntacooks are 
willing to leave Mattters to the Penobscots. You frequently 
complain of Encroachments made on you by the English. We 
can't answer General Complaints — If in any particular you 
complain, Justice shall be done. You Desired the New 
Settlers should stop 'till those things were over — What do you 
mean by that ? 

Loron — We mean thai what is built should continue, but 
nothing further be done — but we speak for others, the 
Arresaguntacooks. 



2C8 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Govern 1- We must Improve what We have purchased and 
belongs to Us. 

I understand You have been to Cape Sables and are now 
come to Inform Us what you have met with — We thank you. 

You Complain of the Truck Master — But We must not 
turn Men out merely because you don't like them — But Jus- 
tice shall be done you and you shall be kindly Us'd, and your 
Goods shall be taken, if worth bringing up. You ought to be 
kindly treated, for all the Officers are allow'd to treat you 
kindly, and are paid for it. 

As to the Prizes of Goods, you have had them as cheap, as 
you could buy them here; and as Orders have been given so 
before, they shall be renewed now. 

If the Armourer does not attend his Business there shall 
be a Man appointed that will. Your Squaws shall be kept 
from Rum, as you desire — And your selves too, if you so 
incline. 

Loron. I believe it will be sufficient to restrain the 
Women. I wish none might come to us, Provided it could 
be kept from coming Elsewhere. 

Govern 1- I have Answer'd all — If you have any thing fur- 
ther to say, I would now hear it. 

Loron. I said before what I would say, Only I would say 
something more about the French. I did not go to consult 
them. I went to know how things were. If there was war 
between the French and English, We should not go to the 
French, but come to the English and advise with them. The 
English seem to be Jealous We should fall in with the French 
if there was a War. 

Govern 1- We are Jealous because you take your Priests 
from them and will not from Us 

Loron these don't lead us to war, but show us the Way 
to Heaven 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 269 

Govern 1 " It is greatly for your Interest to keep with Us, 
because We are nearer than the French, and can supply yon 
cheaper. You have more of Us for one shilling than of the 
French for two shillings. 

Loron. We buy things cheaper of the Private Traders 
than the Truck Masters. 

Govern 1- You are Mistaken, i! is only in some things yon 
know the Price of, but in general yon cannot. 

Loron. 1 desire great care may be taken of the Trades it 
is the great means of keeping the Peace. 

Govern 1 " This Present is from the Government. 1 drink 
your Health, and of all the Chiefs of Penobscot. 

Loron. I salute Your Excellency, and the Council and so 
— all the others. 

Govern' You shall have a Copy of all I have said to you : 
to carry with you. 

Sept 2, 1740 

Govern 1 " Are you ready to go on board ? The Sloop is 
ready and wind fair. 

Loron. We have been ready a Great while. 

Govern 1 " If you have anything to say. 1 would hear you. 

Loron. A Little — No great matter. I am sorry your 
Excellency thinks what I have said is put into my head by 
somebody White or Black. I had the same from the French, 
but I speak i uily what I have from the Plantation I represent. 
Whatever I have said. 1 had from the People after several 
Days Consultation. Supposing that upon Complaint I 
should have Pedress from your Excellency and this Great 
Board. We have Complain'd of the Truck Master, this is 
the fourth or fifth Time; As t<> the Armourer this is the firs! 
time — lie did well at first. In making the Peace We were 
to mention all Grievances, that the Peace mighl last to Us 
and Our Children. 



270 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Penobscots say If the Govern 1 " and great Council at 
Bsoton are Strong and steady and fulfill their part, it will be 
the great Means to continue the Peace forever. The two 
Great and "Weighty things are, Not to Intrude upon Our 
Lands further than they are Possess'd or Purchased, and to 
keep the Trade under good regulation according to the 
Treaty. 

What I have been Offering, I don't want an Answer to. 
Our Principal Men will be at Georges, and can receive it by 
an Interpreter. 

I desire the Price of Corn and other Things at Boston may 
be written and lodg'd at the Truck-House, and the Price of 
Beaver at Boston, the Prices here at Boston at the Peace 
were Agreed to be the Prices at the Truck House. 

Govern 1 " I drink Health to Our Friends at Penobscot. 

Loron. Health to the great King George, Your Excel- 
lency and this Great Council. 

The Same of the rest. — 

Govern 1 " I think to give you an Answer Now. They are 
Things easy to Answ r er. 

The Government are not Concern'd who dictates to you, 
"Whether the French or Others. 

As to the Truck Masters, they are Chosen for a year by the 
whole Court. I am sorry to hear so frequent Complaints of 
Mr. Noyes, he has been Reprimanded at your Desire, and 
shall be now Avritten to, and if he does not treat you well, he 
shall be removed and another appointed — I know it was 
Agreed at the Peace you should mention your Grievances. 

And the Government will Observe the Peace inviolably. 
We Esteem the most considerable Eastern Tribe. As to Your 
Complaints about Encroaching on Lands it is not Easy to 
Answer at once, unless you mention particularly, But 
Evervthino; shall be done according to the Articles of Peace. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 271 

It is true that you were to have Every thing at Boston 
Prices, and a List of the Prices of Furr and other Things 
as particularly as may be, shall be made and always hang up 
at the Truck House. As to the Encroachments on Lands, 
let it be known where as particularly as you can. And if 
you are at any time Over reach'd in the Trade by the Truck 
Masters. 

As to an Armourer, I have Order'd Captain Gyles to get 
another. In general, Every thing shall be done agreeable to 
the Treaty. 

Loron. I now go away Easy. 

Govern 1 " I drink to your Good Voyage, and safe Arrival 
to your Wives and Children. 

Loron. I salute your Excellency and the Great Councill 
from the bottom of my Heart. I now go away Rejoicing at 
the Answer from your Excellency and the Great Councill. 

So will Our People that sent Us, and all the Villages and 
People round about. 



The Petition of William McClenachan. 

To the Governor & Gen 1 Court &c. assembled 20 th Aug 1 1740 
The Petition of William M c Clenachan of Falmouth in y" 
County of York Clark in behalf of The Presbyterians in the 
Second Parish of said Town — Humbly Sheweth. — 

That Severall persons of the Denomination of Presby- 
terians inhabitants of the Second Parish of said Falmouth 
have preferred a Petition to this Hon ble Court Setting forth 
The Distressed Circumstances that They are under being 
obliged contrary to their Consciences to pay rates toward 
The Support of The Rev rd Benj. Allen who doth not only 
disregard & deney both Congregational & Presbyterian 



272 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Church order or discipline but is likewise very erronious in 
principle declaring that there is noe Essential difference be- 
twixt Presbyterians Congregationals & Papists & likewise 
affirming That The preaching of the Gospell & the adminis- 
tration of the Sacraments of the New Testament are not ab- 
solutely necessary to Salvation even as means and when they 
may be enjoyed, which declarations coming from a minister 
Tend to the Very subversion of the Christian Religion, & 
farther on the Lords day out of his Pulpit Speaking not only 
disregardful of, but with prejudice against the Presbyterians 
desiring his hearers to mark & avoid them & to have noe con- 
versation with them or They would be infected as with the 
Plague for These and other reasons which they stand ready 
to support They have applied to This Hon ble Court Because 
the said M 1 ' Allen denied & refused to have any Applycation 
to an Ecclesiastical Judicature Saying The law was his sup- 
port & Thereby he wou'd oblidge them to maintain him & he 
cared not if ever he Saw any of them in his meeting house, — 
and now your honours have thought proper to deney The 
prayer of Their Petitions, & thereby They are left in a most 
griveous condition for where shall they apply That This 
matter may be properly inquired into ? — 

Wherefore your Petitioner humbly prayeth That This 
Hon" 1 Court would consider this affair, and as these Pres- 
byterians Stand ready to support & prove what in theire 
Petition They have asserted So they may be allowed a Pub- 
lick hearing either before your Excellency & Hon rs or any 
selected number of them or before any impartial Judges y l 
you may Think proper to Appoint Either civil or Ecclesias- 
ticall — So that this affair may be sett in a clear light, that 
Debate & Surmises may be removed, & that Justice may be 
done to each party — 

And your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

W m M c Clenachan. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 273 

In Council Sepf 3, 1740. 

Read, and forasmuch as the Several matters herein set 
forth & by the Petitioner urged as Reasons to induce this 
Court to grant the Prayer of his Petition, are of the like 
nature & import with those contained in that other Petition 
(herein before refcrr'd to) which was Dismiss'd as contain- 
ing Matters proper for the Cognizance of an Ecclesiastical 
Council; and forasmuch as the Petitioner hath not so much 
as suggested in his Petition that any Proceeding has been 
had against the Rev d M r Allen — in an Established way, or 
that the several steps proper for bringing the affair under 
the Consideration of our Ecclesiastical Council — have been 
taken — 

Therefore Ordered that this Petition be Dismiss'd as 
irregular. 
Sep* 4, 1740. In the House Unanimously concurred. 



Journal of Capt. John Storer. 

Journal of Capt. John Storer of a journey from Wells to 
Richmond and St. George's July 1740. — 

Left Boston Saturday f>' h ; tarried at Wells with his family 
Tuesday the 8 th : delivered Letter to Capt. Thos Smith at 
lower Store House at Saco; reached Falmouth Wednesday; 
procured a whale boat and six men; on Thursday 10 th sailed 
to Pemaquid and lodged; on Friday reached S l Georges 
Truck House, 3 p. m. 

"Delivered your Excellency's Letter to Cap tn Gyles, The 
same day there also arrived one Cannoe with Two Indians 
from Canada, there also were several other Cannoes of the 
Penobscot: who were gone from Quebeck to Mount Royal 
whom they Expected to return in a short time; there also 

19 



274 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

had been Several Chiefs of the Penobscot Tribe in with Capt n 
Gyles, who were Just gone before I Landed at S l Georges. 
Cap tn Gyles Imediately sent after them and there return'd 
Major Moxis's Son Augustin, who said he rejoyced to see me 
as he understood by Cap ln Gyles I came from Boston to see 
my friends, he expres'd himself to me as the other chiefs had 
done, to Cap tn Gyles very openly and freely that there will be 
no danger of war this Summer but informed me, that the 
french had made Presents of Wampom to the Arrosecunto- 
cook Indians and that they had taken up the Hatchet against 
the English ; and at the same time there were also Presents 
of Wampom sent to the Arrosecuntocook Indians, to be De- 
livered to the Penobscot Tribes to Perswade them into such 
measures as to take up the Hatchet against the English, who 
say they utterly refused, and sent the Presents of Wampom 
back again by the Arrosecuntocook Indians to Canada. 

12 being Saturday I set out from S l Georges for Richmond 
the wind blowing very hard at South against us, we arrived at 
Pemaquid and Lodged with Cap tn Savage. 

13 being Sabbath in the Evening I proceeded from Pema- 
quid and arrived at Mountsweage and Lodged there. 

11 being Monday I Proceeded from Mountsweage, and 
arrived at Richmond Truckhouse at three of the Clock after- 
noon, and Delivered your Excellency's letter to Cap tn Minot, 
I being informed by Cap tn Minot there had been a number of 
Indians in at Richmond a few days before I came, and it was 
told the Indians that they had given Some reason to suspect 
them They answered we had some of our information from 
a Distracted drunken fellow and that they had no design 
against us, that it was true they had some consultation with 
the Canada Indians but it was on there own private affair; 
and not to hurt us. Many of them with there wifes and 
children are gone to the sea shoar, which makes us less sus- 
pect them, they have given us the utmost assurance of their 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 275 

friendship, we believe some of their unusual carriage pro- 
ceeded from their Expecting' a french War. 

15 day being Tuesday Ten of the Clock forenoon I pro- 
ceeded from Richmond and arrived at Brunswick & lodged 
with Cap tn Larraby where a number of families were at 
Garrison. 

16 day being Wednesday I carried our whaleboat over from 
Brunswick to Maquoit by Land and proceeded and came to 
Falmouth Delivered my whale boat and dismis'd five men, 
and Lodged at Falmouth. 

17 being Thursday I journeyed from Falmouth with one 
man, and went up to Saco Truckhouse and Lodged with 
Cap tn Smith who informed me there had been several In- 
dians in at the Truck house at Saco about Two days I went 
Eastward they left several new Pledges or Pawns, their be- 
haviour as free and open as usual, and a number Expected 
in every day to trade. 

On 18 th reached home at Wells; 19 th set out for Boston; 
arrived Monday 21 st at noon. — 

Signed John Storer. 



John Gyles to Gov. & Gov r ' 8 reply. 

May it Pleas your Ex cy — 

Since my Confurrence w th the Indians at my Return to 
Georges fort, which I Exprest p Mr. Prat to your Ex cy & on 
y e 14 th I heard said Pratt is Cast away & whether said Letter 
came to your Ex cys hand I would Gladly know, May it Pleas 
your Ex cy this Day I Recev d a Messag from the Chiefs of 
Panobscut, that they have had a General meeting & Con- 
cluded to Send three Dilagats to Pay thire Duty to your Ex cy 
by the furst, & Desire my Company which will be Sumthing 



276 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tedious to my old Infirm body, not withstanding my hearty 
Desire is such to serve your Ex cy & y e Province Interist, 
I shall Redily atend your Ex cys Commands in what I may, 

And if it Plese your Ex cy thire Coming to boston, that 
Cap tn Saunders may have orders and Suplys for the same, & 
if any Indians from the Caneback tribe that Cap tn bean y e 
Interpret 1 " may have order also to atend. 

Pray Pardon, I am Your Ex cyB Most Dutyfull Servant 

John Gyles 
S l Georges fort 

Sep tr 15 th 1741 

Casteen & ye Indians ar not yet Return* 1 from Canedey 



Governor s reply by Sec. Willard. 

Sir: I have rec. your Letter of the 15 th of Septem 1- in- 
stant, & agreeable to the Proposal of the Penobscot Tribe I 
shall be well pleased to see their Delegates here & Expect that 



Indian Conference. 

Conference between his Excy W m Shirley Esq 1 " Capt n Gen- 
eral & Gov 1 " in Chief of his Majesty's Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, And Col Lewis & Captain Sam Chiefs of the 
Penobscot Tribes of Indians, in Presence of the Council & 
House of Repres ves at Boston on Thursday the 3 d of Dec 1 " 

1711. 

After mutual Salutations 

Gov r I am glad to see you at Boston & hope you left your 

Tribes in health. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 2 < < 



Cheifs Yes, very well 

Gov r As liis Ahi jest y King George has done me the honour 
to make me his Gov 1 " of his province, I am determined to 
observe all the Treaties as long as your Tribes shall maintain 
them on their parts: and if von have any thing to lay before 
me from y r Tribes, 1 shall willingly hear it. 

Cheifs We rejoice at this Opportunity of waiting on 
your Excellency in behalf of our tribe & those adjacent who 
now salute your Excv & the Great Council by us: We all re- 
joiced when we heard your Letter read, <\: desire that Friend- 
ship may continue between us, & that no ill grounded Reports 
may be taken Notice of, but when any stumbling Block lies 
in the Way that it may be removed. The Difficulties in our 
Trade are the Scarcity of Provisions, Tobacco, Powder k 
Shot k the Truckmasters not understanding our Language 
which things we desire may be reformed: We also desire We 
may chuse two men twice a year to view the Truckhouses. 

Gov r Is Rum wanting. 

Chiefs, ]No. There is too much of that, which has ruined 
many of our young men. We heard lately that Corn is scarce 
with us : If there is none to be got here, we desire Flower 
may be sent in the Room of it. In the Spring we expected 
a good Crop, but being deceived in that, we went to the 
Truck houses, where we found but a small Quantity of pro- 
visions & we have sometimes been obliged to give as much 
for that w' 1 ' was moldy as at other times for that which is 
good. 

Gov 1 ' What truck master did you cheifly refer to, when 
you spoke of their not understanding your Language 

Cheifs Mr. Noyes. 

Gov r Have you related all your Greivances 

Cheifs — All at present. 

Gov r I'll consider of what you have said & will speak 
with you again in three or four Days: And I purpose (God 



278 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

"willing) to see you & your Tribes near your own Habitations 
in the Spring, at w ch time I shall endeavour that every thing 
that is wrong be redressed. 

Cheifs — We lay this up in our hearts & shall inform our 
Tribes of your Excy's Intention, w ch will be very agreable to 
them, We met some of the other Tribes by the Way, who said 
they had no Notice of your Excy's giving Leave to the Tribes 
to send Delegates to Boston. 

Gov 1 " I wrote to the Truckmasters to inform them of it. 

Cheifs They heard at first from us, which was too late 
to call their tribes together 

Gov 1 * I drink King Georges Health to you. 

Cheifs We also drink King George's Health in behalf of 
our Tribes. 

Governour I drink your health & that of the other Chiefs 
of yo r tribes. 

Chiefs We drink your Excy's health & the health of y e 
great Council. 



Tuesday Dec r 8, 1741. 

Gov r I am glad to see you here again, & hope you have 
been entertained to your Satisfaction since you have been in 
Boston. 

Cheifs Yes. 

Gov 1 " I have considered your Complaints relating to the 
Scarcity of Powder, Shot, Provisions & Tobacco, & what you 
said relating to the truckmasters, & to viewing the Truck- 
houses twice a year, & will take Care to have those Greivances 
redress'd : & as I purpose to see you in the Spring, if you 
have anything to lay before me then, I shall consider of that 
also. 

Cheifs We rejoice at what your Excy says & shall repeat 
it to our tribes when we get home 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 279 

Gov r What I say, I say in the Name of the Council & 
Assembly here present. 

Chiefs We desire a Copy of the Conference. 

Gov r You shall have it. 

Chiefs We desire that an Acco 1 of the price of Bever, 
Peltry &c & of other goods may be posted up in the Truck- 
houses 

Gov r It is a very reasonable Request, & I shall give 
Orders accordingly. 

Cheifs. We speak in the name of our tribe & all y e Neigh- 
bouring tribes. 

Gov 1 " I understand you so, & what I speak to you, I say 
to all those tribes : And if you had Injustice done you in any 
thing, it was as great an Abuse of this Governm* as of you. 

Cheifs We have nothing further but to thank your 
Excellency. 

Gov r — I drink King Georges health to you. 

Cheifs — We also drink it, in behalf of ourselves & tribes. 

Gov r I drink your & your Tribe of Penobscots's health & 
the healths of the other Chiefs & their Tribes. 

Chiefs We also drink your Excy's & the other Members 
of the Governm 1 in behalf of our Tribes. 

Gov 1 " These Presents are given to you by the Governm 1 

Chiefs We thank your Excy & the Government. 

Gov r There are also some Stores on board the Sloop for 
you & the Governm 1 has sent the Penobscot Tribe a Present 
in token of their good will to them. 

Cheifs They will heartily rejoice when they see it : We 
desire Saunders may go with all Speed to Georges, & stop as 
little as possible by the Way. 

Gov 1- I shall order accordingly, *V- wish you a good Voyage 
& all health & Happiness. 



280 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Chiefs We hope to see your Excy in the Spring & if any 
Difference happens in the mean time, hope it will be then 
made up. 

Gov r That is my Desire. 

Copy Examined 

J. Willard, Secry. 
Conference Dec 1 " 1741 



Fort Richmond ffeb r 21, 1742. 
May it Please your Excel y 

Some dayes past fourteen of the principall indians of the 
Panopscoat Tribe came to this Garrison allmost starved for 
want of provissions I treated them kindly and gave them 
some things they wanted, to support them, When they were 
here they urged me very much to send your ExceF the in- 
closed which is their own words as near as I could write them. 

I told them your ExceF would certainly resent their kill- 
ing peoples creatures and would by no means allow it they 
gave me the same poor Excuse that they have given your 
ExceF That they thought them to be wild not having any 
certain owners promising they'l do so no more — If there be 
not some other method taiken with these indians I think they 
will soon differ with us — In these Extreme cold seasons 
when they are hungry and have nothing to bye withall and 
cant be trusted any more it puts them upon committing these 
outrages their hunting much fails which drives them upon 
doing what they would not otherwise do I cant yet learn 
who the men are that took their guns from them. Our river 
indians are all peacable & in good order 

I am yo r ExceF 3 most Obed 1 humb 1 Serv 1 

John Mi not. 



OF TPIE STATE OF MAINE - s 1 

Gov/s Letter to E. Indians. Secretary's Copy. 

Good Friends. — 

I have received your Letter by Cp 1 Saunders: as to whal 
you mention of your Desire to come to Boston, It will be ac- 
ceptable to me if you come up with Cp' Saunders & one or 
two more of the Chiefs of y r Tribe that are well disposed to 
the English; The most of your Chiefs were gone to Canada 
when our Commiss rs & the Deleg tes of the Six Nations were 
at George's I suppose they are now returned home. And 
T desire you would forthwith acquaint them that I expect an 
immediate & positive answer to my Letter to y r Tribe of the 
14 th of May last; and more especially that I may know what 
Pledges & Assurances they will give me of their Maintaining 
the Treaty, which they have solemnly entered into with us & 
that they will not be drawn off from their Fidelity by the ill 
Arts of the French; And I desire you will further acquaint 
them that I apprehend the Penobscot Indians to be under 
much stronger obligations of Friendship to this Governm' by 
the particular Favours they have received from us, than the 
other Tribes, and therefore if they should be drawn off from 
our Interest & side with the French, They must Expect that 
by the help of God we will pursue them where ever they may 
be found, and that no pretended Assurances from them for 
the future will divert us from endeavouring their Destruc- 
tion; However as I still hope that your Indians will main- 
tain their Fidelity to us, & strictly observe their Treaty. 
Upon this Condition this Governm' will religiously maintain 
their Engagem ts and friendship to you. 

But as the Indians of the S 1 Johns Tribe have notoriously 
broke their Treaty with Assaulting the Fort at Annapolis 
Royal; and as the Cape Sables Indians have joined in this 
Rebellion & have murthered some of our Fishermen upon the 
coast of ISTova Scotia, We shall treat both these Tribes as Ene- 



282 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

mies & Eebels. But all the Indian Tribes that will con- 
tinue true to us shall have my Favour & Protection. 



Proceedings in House. 

In the House, June 16, 1742 
Voted — Attendants — 18 in No. — for the Governor "at the 
proposed Interview with the Indians Tribes in the Eastern 
Parts" — Expense be paid out of Province Treasury; — 
allowance to com, as wages while in service. — 

In Council — Eleven men were joined in the Service 
In House 25 th ordered that a Commite — 7 persons,- — 
prepare accommodations and provisions for reception and 
Entertainment of Governor & Com at proposed Interview. 
Council added 5 persons in same service. 
In House July 2. £150 granted from Treasury to Mr. 
J. Wheelwright for expenses of the Governor & party, in the 
journey and tarry Eastward, and he was added to the 
Committee. — 

Sir. You are hereby directed to Notifie y e Pigwacott 
Tribe of Indians in & about Saco y l I shall have an Interview 
w th y e Other Tribes of Indians at S l Georges between y e last 
of this month & y e 2 d of August at farthest Accordingly I 
shall Expect y r Attendance at s d Interview & for y r better ac- 
commodation ; you are alsoe to take up Some Coaster to 
Transport them down to S l Georges by that time and you 
must come with them. I shall want yo r attendance & assist- 
ance there without faile from 

[tfo Sig.] 
To Cap 1 Diminicus Jordan 

Att Spurwink. 
Gov's Letter (&c.) July 6, 1742. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 283 

November 18 th 1742. 

John Wheelwrights Report of attendance, and services "at 
the late Interview at S l Georges", — and other services in his 
office for twenty years, — and presents claim for allowance. 

Also his account of Expenditures. 

Report and Expenses of Cornelius Soul, — Messenger from 
the Governor, delivering letters "for Notifying ye Indians of 
the Entervew" 

Tuesday July 6 Waited on Al r Secretary Got y e Letters 
(Viz) one for Capt Jordin of Saco, one for Leuetenent 
Xicols at Saco fort in Capt Cutters absence, one for Capt 
Jordin at Spurwink, one for Capt Xoble at Georgetown, one 
for Capt. Oulton at Richmond one for Capt Robinson at S l 
Georges Fort then promised the Governour to Deliver y e s d 
Letters as soon as possible 

Started evening of 6 th : reached his home in Scarboro on 
Saturday 10 th . Sailed in his ship 13 th and via Georgetown 
and Richmond reached S l Georges Thursday night, on re- 
turn reached Boston Friday 24 th and reported to the 
Governor. 

At S l Georges Fort, August 6 th 1742 
psuant to His Excellcys direction have inquird into y e 
complaints lay d before him by y e Inhabitants of S* Georges 
& other places relating to y e Indians killing their Horses & 
Cattel k there being Great grounds to suspect maney had been 
Killed by them. — but no Sufficient Proofe to convict them 
Except one Ox belonging to Sam 1 M c Cob killed by Kspe- 
gueits two Sons who call d them selves Cap 1 Job & Samson & 
by V host information we can get y e ox was worth twenty 
pounds old ten r being killed neare Pemiquid in August 
1740.— 

As Likewise an Ox kill d in S' Georges river y e 7 th June 
1741 of w ch Coll" Luey & Maj r Moxes see y e bones & huffs in 



284 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

an Indian Camp valued at twenty pounds belonging to Wil- 
liam Larmond. 

As Likewise two Mares of Thomas Perse Valued at thirty 
pounds kill'd by Lorings Sons & other Indians as Likewise 
a mare of Ebenezer Hals Valued at twelve pounds killd by 
y e same Last February, these two Last having got y e Indian 
guns, there is several more complaints of hoggs cattel & 
Horses being kill d where there is great grounds to suspect y e 
Indians having kill d them but not sufficient Proofe the In- 
habitants complains much of y e Indians stoping y e teams of 
oxen coming out of y e meddows whereby they have ben 
obliged to Unyoke their oxen & turn them out of y e team & 
leave the lode behind. 

At S l Georges Fort: Augst. 6 th 1742 

Cap 1 James Gilmor complains of having killd y e 29 th day 
of Nov 1 " 1741 two breding Sows & y 1 he Suspects hoping Jo's 
Hart, young Stanalisus, Lewis Skiner, Err: Noremetts Son 
Joseph, Jo's Marcy Anins — but not Sufficient prooffe 

Tho s Perse being Exam d upon Oath declares that on or 
about ye 5 th Day of February last past at Small point Lore- 
ings Son with five Indians came there & hearing that y e In- 
dians had killed my Horses w ch put me upon going to their 
camp where he found ye Skins & bones of three Mares Skins 
two of w ch belong d to him & y e other to Ebenezer Hale Eb: 
Hale declares on oath he saw in y e wigwam y e 12 q rs of y e 3 
mares & 3 y e heads & skins & y l Perses mare was worth 30 1 
& his 12 1 Samuel Green declares on oath that he saw at y e 
wigwam three skins of y e mares & two heads & that Perses 
mare was according to his knowledge worth 28 1 & that Hale 
was worth 12'. 

George Rogers declares on oath that Tho s Perses mare to 
the best of his knowledge was worth 30 1 

Alexand r Larmond declares about y e 7 th of June 1741 his 
Brother W m Larmond had an ox kill d & y e bones & Huffs 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE - v ■•'- 

found in y e Indian camp — Andrew Killpatrick swars he 

saw y"' in the s d camp. Nicho Byram declares be saw y'" brot 
into y e garrison valud about 20 1 — 



Letter of Indians. 

Fort Kichmond ffeb 17 11 th 1742 

Great Captain. 

Loron Speakes in the name of the rest — 

This winter when our two men went to Boston and came 
hack again they told us what yon said to them which is all 
one as if we had rec d a Letter. Yon know there is no body 
understands Indian at Georges and that was the reason we 
could not send an answer to what yon sent us, and now we 
come to Richmond where our language is understood 

Onr hearts are towards yon ever since yon have bin in 
Government — The men that came from Boston told us yon 
designed to see us at Georges We should all be much re- 
joiced to see yon there for we cannot conveniently meet yon 
further westward. We much like your promise to comply 
with Govern 1 " Dnnnners agreement with ns — 

One thing we dont like (which we agreed upon with Gov r 
Dnmmer) we apprehend is not complyd with which was that 
it' any goods rise onr fnrrs were to rise with them — We 
solemly agreed with Gov' Dummer that we should have for 
onr fnrrs at Georges Truckhonse as they then sold for at 
Boston. Your Excel may please to inquire of Govern' 
Dummer the Treasurer and other Merch ,s who bye furrs 
whether we have justice done us on this head — 

The Truck master here gives us 8/ for Sables l<i for 
Spring bever 18/ for Otters 20/ for ( latvaims We now are 



286 



DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 



kept much in the dark as to our trade the man that mannages 
it understands verry little as to our Language or trade his 
being a Minister we a little wonder at his comming to trade 
here It was also agreed at Casco that we should all waves 
have a full Supply of Provissions and other things we need. — 
Now we want all sorts of Provissions and many other 
nesesarys and have a long time bin without them and in the 
middle of Winter the most nessesary time we would want 
them in — We should be glad there was a man at Georges 
that understood trading with us and the Language. Our 
men mentioned Jabez Bradbury unto your ExceF we like 
him well — 

for want of Provissions and through a mistake we have 
kild three horses at Sacadahock on Small Point side we un- 
derstood they were wild and free for any body accordingly 
we dryed the flesh openly, two dayes after we kild them six 
men came to us with their guns cockt demanding Satisfac- 
tion — Uppon their appearing in such a hostile manner we 
flew to our guns one of our men being wise told us we had 
better surrender our arines than to begin aquarrelle which 
might be attended with such ill consiquences and not well 
understanding what these men said to us we delivered them 
four guns and two hatchets as a pledge for pay for the horses 
they insisting (as we understood them) to taike them by vio- 
lence if we did not resign them We promise pay for the 
horses in the Spring uppon delivery of our guns — ■ We are 
all in good health & give our Love and Service to your ExceF 



Loron X 
Kewagim X 
Sauess X 
Peir X 

Ambaroess X 



Indian Marks 

Pemmorawet X 
Querrebennit X 
Staneslas X 
Messer X 
Espegueant X 



Nemquid X 

Maregaret X 
Urawaramet X 
Joseph Mare X 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 287 

Petition of Inhabts of Townshend, Harrinton & Pemaquid 
& Action of Hose. 

[To the Governor &c. — ] 

The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants of the Districks of 
Townshend, Harrinton k Pemaquid (so called) in the East- 
ern parts of s d Province — Humbly Sheweth, — 

That your Petitioners have many of them for twelve years 
past, been clearing and improving a Wilderness Country, and 
now by the Blessing of God, are mostly provided for, as to 
Temporals, but beg leave to lay before your Excellency & 
Honours their Inabillity of maintaining a Gospel Minister 
among them: also the difficulty they labour under of hearing 
the Word of God preached there being no Gospel Minister 
less than twenty miles from them. 

Wherefore your Petitioners humbly pray, that your Ex- 
cellency and Honours in your great goodness would be pleased 
to allow a Chaplain at His Majestys Fort Frederick, to whose 
maintenance your Petitioners would contribute to the utmost 
of their power, but as they are Sensible their allowance will 
be insufficient for his support, they humbly Pray your Ex- 
cellency and Honours would be pleased to allow what you in 
your Great Wisdom should think proper towards his Sup- 
port. And your Petitioners as in duty bound will ever 
pray &c. 
Fort Frederick December 19 th 1742 

John Wirling Robert Wylie 

John North Wylie Wylie 

William Wirling Andrew Reed 

John M c Kown William M c ('abe 

William Miller Samuel] Clark 

Robert Mertar Archibald Littil 

Patreck Rodgers James Alliatt 

James Sproe Hanry foset 



288 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

James Yong Joseph Orr 

James M c farland Arth r Savage 

William oBazen Samuel Bass 

John Gum Will'" Kent 

Robert Mcgouerey John Kent. 

John M c Ferland 

John M c farland 33 

William Fullerton 

William Moor In Council Dec. 28, 1742 

Samel M c Coob Read & Sent down 

Thomas Garvin 

Geoarg Callwell 

In the House of Rep eves Dec r 30. 1742 
Whereas it has been represented to this Court that the 
within named Pet rs have come under Engagements to pay 
annually at least £15 lawful money to such Person as shall 
be app ted by this Government as a Chaplain at Fort 
Frederick, 

Therefore Voted that there be allowed and paid out of the 
Province Treasury in addition thereto the sum of fifteen 
pounds per annum towards the support of such Chaplain 
there during the present Establishment for said Fort made 
and provided — 

Sent up for concurrence, 

In Council I)ecm r 31, 1742 Read & concurr'd— 

Consented to W Shirley. 

Fort Frederick Dec. 20, 1742 
Mr. Drowne — S r 

The People of Harrington, Pemaquid & Townshend, have 
met here this day & sign'd a Petition for a Chaplain at this 
Fort, thought proper to advise you of the same, & hope you'l 
use your Interest that the prayer thereof may be granted as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 289 

it may Induce to a further Settlement of People here they 
have each subscribed forty shillings old tenour p annum 
which amounts to upwards of sixty pounds so that am in 
hopes the Gen 11 ( !ourt will readily come in to grant a further 
sum for tbe Support of a Minister here I am with due re- 
gard to your self Mrs Drowne & your good family — 
S r Your most humble Serv 1 

Arth r Savage 
I have Inclosed the Petition in a Letter to the Governor. 
[Address | M r Shem Drowne 

In Boston 
p Cap Allen 



Governor to Capt. Bradbury. 

Sir, I desire you would take the first opportunity in your 
discoursing with some of the principal men & those that have 
most Influence among the Indians, especially of the Penob- 
scot Tribe, to let them know that we have great fears of a 
Rupture between England & France, yet are not without 
Hopes that the differences between them may be still made 
up so as to prevent a War, and that you would (as a private 
Person & Friend to them & not as instructed from the Gov- 
ernin') let them know that you are fully persuaded that the 
Governm 1 are disposed even in case of a War with France, to 
maintain. Peace & Amity with them, if they can have any 
Sufficienl Assurances that they will continue in Peace with 
us, & that we may fully depend upon their Fidelity; & that 
yon use all the Art & Prudence you are Master of to find out 
what course they will take in ease we sh'' break with France 
[f they pretend to continue still in our Interest you must let 
them know that the fatal Consequence of our dependanee 
upon their Solemn Promises in such a Conjuncture in former 



290 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

times, will make us insist upon stronger Pledges of their 
Fidelity than we have formerly had, and in this way (with- 
out making any manner of Proposals your self) draw out of 
them, if it may be, what they will be willing to do to gain 
the confidence of the governm 1 & to remove all Jealousies 
from us of their joining with our Enemies. At the same 
time Insinuating to them the great benefits they will un- 
doubtedly reap from their Faithfulness to this Governm 4 
And if you can find out whether it will be acceptable to them 
that in case of a War with France, we sh d take their old 
People & some of their more helpless women & children into 
our Towns & support them at our own charges & take some 
of their young men into our Pay & Service, it will be of 
service to know their mind in these particulars. I must 
again repeat it to you that you must manage this conversa- 
tion with all imaginable caution ; avoiding every thing that 
may give the least suspicion that you have any Instructions 
in this matter : And let me know the Result as Soon as may 
be, & your Sentiments upon the whole affair. — 

Boston Dec r 9, 1743 

[No Sig.— ] 



Jabez Bradbury to Governor. 

S l Georges, June 18 th 1744. 
May it please yo r Excelency — 

Soon after my communicating your Letter received by Ex- 
press to Loron & others, Lue told me that he and Bonoue 
Casteen in Company with nine Cannoos, Set out in great hast 
for Cannada and added, they had very lately been advised by 
Saint Johns Indians to draw off from their Village to some 
more remote part, & advised us in these parts to be constantly 
on our Guard & said he also would be on the Lookout, and if 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 291 

he should see or hear of any approaching danger, he would 
immediately let us know it be the consequence what it would. 

I then askt him what he thought of joining with the Eng- 
lish against the French he said tho some others of the same 
way of worship had fought each other, yet they would by no 
means do so. 

There is at present all the appearance of friendship to- 
wards us, both in w r ord and behaviour that can be, But they 
are not to be trusted, and it's my opinion that the French 
will once more set them against us notwithstanding all that 
the Government can or w T ill do. 

I am told that yo r Excelency has been informed that I have 
sold much greater quantities of Powder of late to them than 
formerly which is realy false. I did indeed a few days after 
we heard of the War, let an Indian who is a Trader amongst 
them, have Thirty pound, which is not near so much as he 
had of me at one time the last year and should I refuse them 
powder in small quantities as usual they'd immediately say, 
the Governour had broke the Articles of peace. Lue k others 
of this Tribe say, if we differ, it will be our fault and not 
theirs. 

I am your Excelencys Dutyfull hum : Serv 1 

Jabez Bradbury 



Letter A. R. Cutter. 

Saco Falls, June 19, 1744. 
Gent s Yesterday I bro't down from the Truckhouse 
Twenty Two Pigwaket Indians — Six of them men — Two of 
them arc Weranmanhead & Saquant, that sat in Council at 
Tito Treaty at St. Georges, — One of the women that was bro't 
down Bick — dyed this morning — All the Rest are willing to 



292 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

go to Boston & dwell with the English- — & the Men declare 
they are ready to go against the French or other Indians, as 
soon as the Governonr shall see fit to send them— But my 
Orders from the Governonr will hardly hear me out in carry- 
ing them all to Boston — & there is some Difficulty in Parting 
them — The men are loth to go, & leave the women & chil- 
dren — & I can't think it advisable to leave any of the men 
behind — The People also of Biddeford are very averse to 
having any of them tarry at the Falls- — & y e Indians will by 
no means consent, to go back into the woods, for Fear of the 
French Indians, — I have not time to send to Boston <v. re- 
ceive an Answer before Mr. Deering that has agreed to carry 
them to Boston will ready to sail. — I shall take it as a 
Favour from yonr Hon 1 " to send a line or Two of Advice being 
wholly unacquainted with the present Sentiments of the 
Province, concerning this affair. 

I shall be ready to comply with any that may be for the 
Interest of the Province & consistent with my own safety, & 

am Y r Hon r obliged Humble Serv 

Am Ruh Cutter 



Wm Pepperell to William Shirley Esq. 

May it Please Your Excellency. 

The Inclosed Letter I recieved from Cap 1 Cutter, y e advice 
I writ him was to send all the Indians to Boston, for if y e 
women & Children that belongs to them are keept upon some 
Island neare Boston & Supported at y e Province charge we 
may then have some dependance on y e men as Pilates w th our 
Scouts when they may be sent out 

I last night see Cap 1 ISTath 1 Donnall who Left Annapolis 
Royal six days past he tells me they dayly Expect to be At- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 293 

tackt by y e Frinch & Indian Enemys, and that lie is very 
much affraid y° Garrison will be taken if not Speedyly rein- 
forced with men — he saith y e officers there are of y e same 
opinion, the Loosing of that Place would a great damage to 
y e Nation & more perticuler to this Countery. Our people 
here has been Very mnch dispiretd before they heard of your 
Parental Care of them — I am now gooing to Viset Some of 
ye Fronters. I should be glad the Act was past about regu- 
lateing the Garrisons w ch must be built by y e Inhabitants 
I am with all Duty & respect — 

Your Excellencys Most Obedient Hum ble SeiV 

William Pepperell 

Kittery: June 22 d 1744. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq 1 " 

Conference between his Excy. & the Chiefs of the Indians 
bro 1 up by Cp l Cutter at the C° Chamber 25 July 1744 — 
Capt Gyles was sworn faithfully to interpret. — 

[Consideration of proposal to come under the King's Gov 1 
and to have a place to settle near the sea. Weymouth is pro- 
posed and they are invited to go and see the place. They 
prefer to live at Saco River, but yield to visit Weymouth. — 
and a day is assigned.] 



Govt's Instructions to Commissioners. 

By his Excy &c Instructions to -I. Wendell, T. Berry, L. 
Waldo, L. Watts & .1. Choate Esq™ Commis ra app u> " to 
accompany the Delegates of the C> Nations Eastward. 

Gentlemen, 

The six nations of Indians inhabiting to the Westward of 

Hudsons River having in Friendship to this Government 



294 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sent their Delegates to meet the Chiefs of the Eastern In- 
dians, in order to communicate to them the Resolutions of the 
said six nations, & their agreement with the Tribes of In- 
dians inhabiting within the French Territories not to engage 
in the War between the English & the French, & if any Tribe 
of Indians sh d violate this Neutrality that the other party of 
Indians will join with either English or French ag st which 
such Tribe or Tribes of Indians shall act in Hostility, for 
their defence & Vindication ; as also to persuade the s d East- 
ern Indians to continue their submission to his Majesty's 
Governm* & to live in Peace with his Majesty's subjects, & to 
assure them that if they join with the French in this war & 
shall be the first Aggressors in any Acts of Hostility against 
the English, that they the six Nations will join their Forces 
with the English, & will revenge all the Injuries done them 
upon the Eastern Indians to the utmost of their Power. 

I have thought fit with the advice of his Majesty's Council 
to appoint you Commiss rs on behalf of this Government to 
accompany the s d Delegates to Kennebeck River, S l Georges 
River or some other suitable place for meeting with the s d 
Eastern Indians. You are therefore to take Care in your 
Passage, & on all other Opportunities to confirm the s d Dele- 
gates in their Friendship & good Affection to this Govern- 
ment & in their Resolution to be full & open in their 
persuading the Eastern Indians to continue in Amity with 
us, & in threatning of them with the just Resentments of the 
Six Nations if they break out into Warr assuring them that 
the said Six Nations are resolved to stand by their good 
Friends the English, to the Destruction of all the Indians 
that shall unjustly invade them ; you must likewise furnish 
the s d Delegates with all such Arguments both from Justice 
and Interest as may be likely to influence the Eastern In- 
dians to a peaceable behaviour towards us. You are to see 
that proper Methods be taken that the s d Delegates may come 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 295 

to the sight & speech of the Eastern Indians & to be present 
yourselves & be Witnesses of their Conferences, & to employ 
some proper Person to take notes thereof which you are to 
report to me & the Council at your Return. You are like- 
wise to observe if any wrong or false assertions or Suggestions 
be made in prejudice of this Government & to furnish them 
with full & sufficient Answers thereto, to prevent their being 
led into any mistakes & prejudices against us. 

And in case it be not found practicable to bring these Dele- 
gates & the Eastern Indians to a Conference, you must per- 
suade these s d Delegates to leave what they have to say in 
writing under their Hand, to be left at the Truckhouse that 
so the Eastern Indians may come to the Knowledge of it. 

If the Eastern Indians shall have any thing to lay before 
you or any proposals to make to you that may concern this 
Governm* you are to receive what they have to say & to tell 
them that you will report it to me & that an Answer will be 
speedily given them if the matter be of any considerable 
Moment. 

And if you can find an opportunity in any proper way to 
assist this Design of Keeping the Eastern Indians in our In- 
terests you must improve the same. You must so acquaint 
the Indians that Expect a plain & positive answer to my 
Letter sent to them upon the Declaration of the War. 

Given under my hand at Boston the seventh day of July 
1744, in the 18 th Year of his Maj tya Reign. By order of the 
Gov 1 " with the Advice of the Council. 
[Governor Shirley's Order respecting these Commissioners] 

These are therefore to require all his Majesty's Officers 
Civil & Military, & all others his Majesty's Subjects to assist 
and supply the s d Gentlemen or either of them with Guards 
Guides, Horses & all other things necessary for his Majesty's 
service they are Engaged in. 
Boston July 7, 1744. 



296 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Certificate — Aug 8, 1744, — of Return to the Four Deli- 
gates to Albany — 



Declaration of War. 

By his Excellency William Shirley Esq r Captain General 
& Governour in Chief in & over his Majesty's Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England 

A Declaration of War against the Cape Sables & S l John's 
Indians. 

Whereas the Indians inhabiting his Majesty's Province of 
Nova Scotia commonly called the Cape Sables Indians who 
have submitted themselves to his Majesty's Government by 
solemn Treaty with the governour or Commander in Chief 
of his Majesty's said Province of Nova Scotia did sometime 
in the Winter last past in the port of Icdoare in a Treacher- 
ous & cruel manner murder divers of his Majestys English 
Subjects belonging to a fishing Vessel owned & fitted out by 
his Majesty's Subjects of this Province & did seize the said 
Vessel with the goods & Effects belonging thereto ; and where- 
as the said Cape Sables Indians with the Indians of the S* 
John's Tribe who have likewise submitted themselves to his 
Majesty's Government by solemn Treaty with the Com- 
mander in Chief of this Province, have in a hostile manner 
joined with the French King's Subjects his Majesty's de- 
clared Enemies in assaulting his Majesty's Fort at Annapolis 
Royal & the Garrison posted there, divers of whom they have 
slain, & have likewise killed a Master of a Sloop belonging 
to his Province while he was assisting that Garrison in pro- 
viding Fewel for them; and the said Indians have also for 
divers months past in an hostile manner block'd up the said 
Fort, & Kept the Garrison upon continual Alarms; By all 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXK 297 

which the said Indians have openly declared their Rebellion 
against his Majesty, & their Hostility against his Majesty's 
good Subjects. 

I do therefore with the Advice of his Majesty's Council 
hereby declare the said Indians of the Cape Sables cV S' Johns 
Tribes with their confederates and Assistents to be Rebels, 
Traitors & Enemies to his Majesty's Crown and Dignity & 
order them to be henceforth proceeded against as such: 
Hereby Willing & requiring all his Majesty's subjects as they 
shall have Opportunity to exercize & Execute all acts of hos- 
tility against them; and forbidding all his Majesty Subjects 
to hold any Correspondence with the said Indians, or to give 
any aid succor or Relief unto them on Penalty in that Case 
made and provided. 

And to the Intent that none of our Friend Indians par- 
ticularly the Indians of the Penobscot, Norridgewalk & Pig- 
waeket Tribes with the Passamaquoddy Indians & all others 
of the Eastern Indians who inhabit to the Westward of S l 
John's may be exposed & none of the said Rebel Indians may 
escape on Pretence of their being of any of the said Tribes 
last mentioned; I do hereby strictly forbid the said Friend 
Indians or any of them as they tender their own safety to 
move into the Districts of the said S e Johns «fc Cape Sables or 
Nova Scotia Indians, as also to hold correspondence with, 
harbour, conceal or Succour any of them, upon Peril of their 
being treated as Rebels & Enemies; & do also require the said 
Friend Indiana agreable to their solemn Treaty with this 
Governm* to join with US in this war with the Cape Sables & 
S' John's Indians A; to pursue them as Enemies & Rebels. 

And I do hereby require & command all his Majesty's 

Military Commission Officers to pu1 this Order and Declara- 
tion in Execution by Kxorcixing all acts of Hostility against 
the said Cape Sables A- S' John's Indians & prosecuting the 
said war with the utmost Vigour. 



298 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Given at the Council Chamber in Boston the Nineteenth 
Day of Octo r 1744— [Etc.] 

By his Excys Command W. Shirley 

with advice of the Council God Save the King. 

J. Willard Secy. 

By his Excellency Wm Shirley Esq 1 " Capt. Gen. &c. 

A Proclamation for Eneouragem 1 of Voluntiers to prose- 
cute y e War ag st the S* Johns & Cape Sables Indians. 
["Their Violation of Solemn Treaties," "Their open Hos- 
tilities" forced to declare War. — Bounties Voted by Gen 1 
Court, — Scalp of Male Indian, above 12 yrs. £100 : or for 
Captive £105. — for women £50 : or captives £55 : the same 
killed or taken east of a line three leagues E. of Passama- 
duoddy running 'N. to S l Lawrence] 



Letter to Capt Jabez Bradbury. 

Boston 25 Jan y 1744 
Capt Jabez Bradbury 

From the refusall of the Penobscotts & other Tribes of 
Eastern Indians to comply with their Engagements to this 
Government, I have great reason to suspect they are influ- 
enced by French Councills, & to doubt of their Integrity, 
wherefore its my Orders that for the future you be strictly on 
your Guard, and not only forbid but Effectually prevent all 
your Officers and Soldiers holding a Correspondence, or hav- 
ing Conversation of any kind with them ; in order to which 
you are not to suffer any Indians to come within your Garri- 
son, but keep a good ward, & your Gates well secured by Day 
as well as Night \v ch may prevent a surprise 

The Truck Trade you are to continue and as it may be 
conveniently be carryd on in the lower appartments allotted 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 299 

for the purpose, by the Interp tr Familys removall to another 
part of the Garrison, it must be done accordingly and your 
I liner Doors at the Truck House kept for fast. 

You have greatly errd in delivering out Immoderate Quan- 
tity of Shot to the Indians; for the future you must be 
sparing herein & supply them with Ammunition of no kind 
otherways than as you know, their absolute & immediate Oc- 
casions for hunting & fishing may require The Quantity of 
Indian Corn which now goes by the Province Sloop, you'll 
prudently deal out in such manner as may make the Indians 
continue their Dependance, & prevent any part thereof being 
carryd for the support of any His Majesties declared 
Enemys : there has been an Expedition from these parts 
against the French of Cape Breton talked of, should the 
rumour thereof reach your Garrison or the settlers in your 
Neighbourhood, you must by all means suppress the same & 
endeavor, that the Indians have not the least hint thereof. 

[]STo Signature.] 



Scout of Serg 1 Trott and Ten men from Presumpscot river 
to Royal's river; rendezvous at Esq. Powels at X. Yarmouth, 
By order of his Captain D. Jordan, upon orders from Col° 
Moulton. 

Serg 1 Trott's Journal forwarded by Cap. Jordan — 

March 25 tt to April 25, 1717.— 

From Mar. 25 to Apr. 13, marching back & forth from 
Presumpscot falls to Royal's river, tarrying at Esq. Powell's 
on Sundays, Fast day; 11 th at Presumpscot river "guarded 
several men to get down limber for his Majesty's service." 
13 th Monday: at Royals river "heard three alarums Down 
the River, we went down to know the occasion of said alarums 
and was informed it came from Flying Point, but could not 
learn what the cause of it was." 18 th at Presumpscot 



300 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

"guarded six of the Inhabitants to get Loggs to make Planks 
for his majesties service" 

20 th being mondav we guarded the Inhabitants Tuesday 
we marched to New Casco to Will"' Bucknum's: and was in- 
formed that the Indians had killed one Ephraim Foster and 
taken his Wife and six Children and carryed them away 
Captive; and that there was Fourteen or Fifteen of the 
Enemy there being but nine of us, there mustered Twelve of 
the inhabitants and went with us after the Indians, we went 
after them into the woods and found five Cattle killed and 
the biger part of them carried away, we followed them two or 
three miles and came across a number of the Enemys Tracks, 
and those of the Company that were Inhabitants not being 
stored with Provision and Ammunition thought fit to return 
back and we returned with them to one Stub's at New Casco 
and stayed that night. Wednesday we marched to Esq 1 " 
Powels and took alowance, and with Twenty-Six of the In- 
habitants of North Yarmouth marched to said Fosters and 
followed the Enemies Tracks into the Woods and came to 
their Camps, being three large Camps made with sticks and 
covered with Bark, and inarched upon their Tracks about two 
miles and found their fire place where they had lately been 
fire, we marched about two miles further and found another 
place where they had had a Fire, — we marched on still about 
three miles further and came to the place where we suppose 
they camped the night before and saw three large fire places, 
and fire, and Fifty three Spits to roast meet upon — We 
marched on still, about two miles further & stoped and the 
Inhabitants that went with us having no Provision would go 
no further 

We returned back to Royals River and down the River to 
Mrs. Wyers Thursday we went with the Inhabitants into the 
woods to guard them a looking up their cattle and returned 
with them to Mrs Wyers Frvdav we marched from thence 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 301 

to Esq r Powells and went with the Inhabitance after their 
Cattle and returned at night. Apr" 25 being Saturday by 
the Request of Lieu' Mitchel the Rev d M r Lowring Deacon 
White and others of the Inhabitants I posted the men not 
thinking it Safe to go into the woods with so small a number 
of men being but Ten of us and was obliged to leave one or 
two continualy at Esq r Powels where the Stores are. 

I posted the men as followeth | Viz. ) Four at Esq r Powels 
one at the Rev d M r Lowrings one at M r Solomon Lo wrings one 
at M r Tuttles one at M r Blanchards Two at Mr 8 Wyers being 
the most Exposed Garrisons 

I am your Excellencies most obedient Servant to Command 

Domini Jordan. 



Journal of Da rid Dun wing. 

A Journal of Several Scoutings & proceedings of David 
Dunning: Together with the Company under my Command 
Stationed at Brunswick & Topsham — 

May 30 th 1745: Took Alowance that Day sent a boats 
('row to Falmouth: with a sick man. Ordred Gaurds for 
sundry Sloops For three Days: three Days more We were, 
Employd In scouting about the Settlements of Topsham & 
Bruns k — 

June 4 th Being Saturday In the Evening heard an alarm 
of Grate Guns at Richmond that Day set out with L5 men 
And Got there In the night: Cap 1 Holson Informed us the 
Indians had been there & had wounded a boy which occa- 
sioned the Alarm: — 

June G ,h Scouted in the woods Round that Fori and Dis- 
covred places where the Indians had Keen lying: Hut Gould 
not Discover which way they Got of — 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

7 th Returned to Topsham ; — 8 th to Amiscougan Falls : de- 
lay by bad weather : Friday set out again, — 

"Keept some Distance from the river and Every mile or 
two made a halt & sent out spies to see If we could make any 
Discovery at the river and when we camped sent out a Scout : 
who Came upon 3 or 4 Indian Tracks and proceeded till we 
found where thy had made a fire : & Coocked there kettle But 
had not lodged there Nor Could we Discern what w r ay they 
had gone: on Saturday marched again thinking still thy had 
there Canooes above I divided the men Into 4 : or 5 parties 
keeping one party In sight of the other or In Call and being 
In Sight of the river — After this manner we marched 9 or 10 
howers But made no Discovery : at last we Got to the falls on 
y e 12 th where we Discovered a grate Number of Salmon fish 
but no tracts or sign of an Indian : So we returned where we 
tracked the Indians In going up waded to an Island Found no 
Canooes as we Expected : and so Returned unsuccess full not- 
withstanding our Best Endeavours: — — * * * — 

21 st to Topsham ordred the Liu 1 that During the peoples 
Citing there Hay and Doing there Harvesting he might keep 
all the men together untill they had Compleated Except they 
were Called away By alarms : — 

22 d went to Maquoit & gave them In there respective Gar- 
risans the same orders I gave at Topsham. 

23 d Went to New Meadows Gave the same orders apoint- 
ing an officer at Each place : over the men : so thy were Di- 
vided Into three Scouts Excepting a few In Each Garison 
where most exposed. 

27 th 28 th were Gaurding home. — Stores: and by our ad- 
vanced gaurds on Each Side of the road we found we were 
way laid but the Enemy By there Discovering our number & 
posture withdrew so that we Could not Git up with them : 
29 th <$: 30 th went to New Meadows & topsham on the Back of 
alarms which were at George Town : — * * * * 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 303 

July 4 th to new meadows in an Alarm : where the Enemy 
had shot & scalped John Whitney we took him up alive vet 
he Lived But a few Days tho we sent him to Dr. Coffins at 
Casco. — So with 18 men I searched the Woods at Stephens 
Carrying place And Way laid the Enemy with two boats 
Crews: at Merry Meeting bay all night for the Enemys Move- 
ing : of but thy Escaped us by Going over under the Chops of 
the Bay : and killed 2 of Cap 1 M c Cobbs men : 

[Guarded men haying till 10 th Sept: Brig r Waldo calls 
for 11 men with 4 weeks provisions to go to Penobscot the 
rest Employed for Inhabitants] * * * 



Brunswick Sep tr 10 th 1748 



David Dunning 



Letter J. Bradbury. 

S l Georges October 10, 1745 
May it Please your Excellency 

The Seventh instant Came in here four Indians of the 
penobscot tribe with a white flagg. they say they have heard 
of the Cessation between the English k French & that their 
fathers the Jesuits have told them not to hurt y e English any 
more which advice they like well, and are in hopes that we 
may again Live together as Breathren : I told them I Could 
say nothing to them as to that matter not Knowing the mi ml 
of the Govourner or Government they then Desired me to 
wright as above. 

they are thirty six Days from Cannada and tell me that 
all the English who were prisoners there are Embarkt in two 
Vessels for Xew England aboute six weeks since. 

they said they would be here again Som time this fall per- 
haps by the Return of Capt. Sanders who I told them mighl 
Posably be here in a month. 



304 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

if your Excellency should think lit to have any thing to say 
to them as friends I intreate thare may be Directions given 
to Som proper Person how to behave towards them if they 
should come again under a flagg for I know not what to doe 
in such Case. — 

here is no interpreter Cap 1 Bane being at York with a 
desire not to Return as he hinted to me when he went home 
on furlow. I conclude by subscribing my self your Excel- 
lences most obedient Humble Servt 

J. Bradbury. 

Boston Oct r 20, 1748. 
Sir, 

I have received your Letter of the — Instant giving an 
ace 1 of the coming in of divers Indians under a Flag Expect- 
ing a Benefit from the Suspension of Arms: In answer to 
which It is my Order to you that if any of the Indians of 
Keneb ck Tribe should appear to you under a Flag of Truce 
to make any Proposals of Peace you let them know that un- 
less they can give the proper & usual Credentials of their 
coming in the Name of their Tribe & of their being im- 
powered by them to treat of a Pacification you can not re- 
ceive them nor any ways confer with them on those matters 
And if any of the principal men should come so impowered 
you have my orders to send them up to Boston to treat with 
me here, & that you will accordingly give them Passports for 
their safe Conduct hither ; And in case the Treaty Should 
not issue in any Agreem* for their submission to his Majestys 
Governm' upon such Terms as may be proposed they shall 
notwithstanding have Liberty to return back in safety to 
their Tribes : And you must send such Indians as are willing 
to come up hither upon these Terms by Cpt. Sanders pr the 
first good opportunity, but you are not to admit 'em into the 
Fort. 

Cpt. Bradbury. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 305 

[Usual formal Address to Gov. &c] 

The Memorial of Jabez Bradbury Humbly Sheweth That 
your Memorialist with a Number of others having on the 5 th 
of Septem r last killed & taken three Scalps of the Indian 
Enemy & there being a Number of others, who were not out 
on the action that think themselves entitled to a Share of the 
bounty arising thereon, I would humbly pray your Excel- 
lency & Honours direction concerning the Distribution of the 
Bounty & to whom the same is due, & your Memorialist as 

in duty bound shall ever pray, 

Jabez Bradbury 

Boston March 2 d 1747. [1748] 

Committee report. March 7, that the Money be paid to 
Bradbury & by him paid to y e Respective men y l were actual- 
ly out in the Engagement & to y e heirs of those killed in s d 
Engagement & to no others. — 



Letter from Indians to the Governor. 

April 27, 1749 
We arc Sent upon an Errand by our Tribe & that is we 
shall not go to Boston as you Sent for us, for when your Ex- 
cellency was at the Blockhouse you said if any Case Came to 
be debated this Should be the place of meeting and we Cant 
trust to Send four men to go up therefore we desir you would 
send Som Commissioners here where we shall Treat with 
them for what treaties we enter upon and Conclude shall be 
firm and Strong that all may be fully Satisfied who Could 
not go to Boston, by which means all can make thier observa- 
tions on things done before them which could not be if done 
Else whare for going according to your Excellence's desier 

21 



i b v 



306 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

will not Satisfie all We would Rejoice to Se your Excellency 

here or Sam appointed by you that all Differences may be 

freely and fairly adjusted (We of the Penobscot Tribe) as 

to the time of treating we leave the appointment to your Ex- 

cellincy and shall waite for you and attend accordingly 

To Governor Shirley 

the Messengers names are 

Osung Speaker 

Essadouset 

Edgeremmit 

Saukees 

Sabadis 

and one Cald Strong; Sabadis 



Indian Conference. 

A Conference between his Excellency Governour Shirley 
and several Delegates of the Penobscot and Norridgewalk In- 
dians at the Council Chamber in Boston on Friday the 23 d 
of June 1749. 

The Names of the Delegates are 

1. Ooosunk Chief of the Penobscots 

2. Egeremet 
6. Pigmoor 

3. Meganumba of the Penobscot Tribe 

4. Nextumbarest 

5. Agooser 

1. Framegan 

2. Nictilnuit of the Norridgewalk Tribe 

3. Poben 

After the usual Salutations, Capt. Gyles and Capt. Bean 
were sworn faithfully to interpret what should be said at this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 307 

Conference, of which they then inform'd the Indians in their 
nwii Language. 

Governour Brethren of the Penobscot & Norridgewalk 
Tribes I salute You for myself and the Great Council & bid 
You welcome to Boston. Brethren, when Capt. Bradbury 
from the Fort at St. Georges & ( 'apt. Lithgon from Richmond 
Fort had sent me Information that some from your respective 
Tribes had appeared under a Flagg of Truce desiring that I 
would admit them to treat in behalf of their Tribes, I sent 
orders to those Officers to let you know that if any of you 
came properly Commission'd & Authorized from your Tribes 
to treat with me on their behalf that they should conduct 
you safe to Boston where I woud receive what you had to 
Offer to me, wherefore I wou'd first enquire of you whether 
you are duly Empowered by your Tribes, & whether you 
bring any Credentials or Token for that Purpose, To which 
I desire your answer. 

Egeremet I knew all the Management Carrying on in the 
French Country, the French bid us Set still and do nothing a 
Vessel! came from the Islands that inform'd us of a Peace 
between England & France, and Capt. Bradbury told us the 
same thing and all the Indians are willing to make Peace. 

Governour — Did your Tribe send you to say this to me 

Egeremet — We are sent by a Council 

Governour — Was it a General Council of the whole Tribe. 

Egeremet — Yes. 

Governor Which of you were sent by the Penobscot 
Tribe. 

Egeremet — All Six. 

Framegan We agree to what the Penobscot Tribe say 
for we are all of one mind as to these matters. 

Governour Did Your Tribe impower you to Consent to 
what the Penobscots agree to. 

Framegan What we say all agree to 



308 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Governour Did the Norridgewalk Tribe impower you to 
come hither to treat about Peace. 

Framegan We were Impowered by them when the Coun- 
cil of Indians met they Concluded all as one to send hither 
for Peace — 

Governour Have You any Credentials 

Nictilnuit We have brought no other than our hearts 

Governour, Will all your Tribes agree to what you 
propose 

Nictilnuit, We are satisfied they will or we should not 
have come up. 

Governor I am now ready to hear what you have to Offer 
and desire you wou'd speak as fully as you can, that I may 
answer it all at one & the same time 

Ooosunk In the Spring when we got together at Penob- 
scot, we Consulted with the Indians of S l Johns and Canada, 
and they all agreed to send us upon the same account, we 
came therefore purely to make Peace & to be Brethren all 
nations are in Peace & it will not do for us to Quarrell 

Governor I expect if you have any thing more to pro- 
pose You speak it now plainly & fully 

Ooosunk I have a request to make which is, that the St 
John's Indian now with you may be delivered up to us. 

Governor When two Nations make Peace between em 
there are always some Conditions agreed to : what Conditions 
do you propose. 

Ooosunk We are not impowered to make Peace: we 
would mention another thing which is a Truckhouse. 

Governor If you must return (before a peace is con- 
cluded and inform your Tribes) it is too soon to speak of a 
Truckhouse. I tho't you said you was impowered by your 
Tribes to make Peace and that they wou'd stand to what you 
shou'd agree upon with us. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 309 

Ooosunk We are desirous of Peace as much as any of the 
Kings in Europe 

Governor What Assurance can you give me that the 
Tribes will keep the Peace when made. 

Ooosunk We think the hest way is to go to Georges & 
make Peace there. 

Governor I desire a plain answer whether you are im- 
powered to agree upon terms of Peace, or not: or is it ex- 
pected when all is done that the terms must he Ratifved by 
the tribes 

Ooosunk We have had Councils and are impowered by 
our Tribes as if the whole were here. 

Governor Brethren, I have one difficulty in the way, with 
which I must acquaint you, when the King first made me 
Governour of this Province, I went to S l Georges & had an 
Interview with your tribes & you met me under the King of 
Englands Flagg & we shook hands as Friends & Brethren, 
and Renewed the Covenant Chain and I granted an advan- 
tageous Trade to you, & Loron your Speaker said in behalf of 
your Tribes that he hop'd the Peace would last as long as the 
Sun & Moon endured : we on our part have faithfully kept 
the Terms then agreed on: But as soon as the French made 
warr with us, you became our Enemies, & broke Governor 
Dummers Treaty & Mine: & all former Treaties of Friend- 
ship; I now desire to know what assurance you'l give me 
that you won't immediately Joyn with the French on their 
making warr again, & become our Enemies: To make a 
Treaty which will last no longer than till the French make 
warr, is only Cherishing yon in time of Peace to do us all the 
mischief yon can in warr: Therefore I desire to know what 
assurance you will give that you will keep Peace with us when 
the French make warr. 

Ooosunk What your Excellency says we can carry home 
but can give no other Satisfaction. 



310 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Governor — What Satisfaction can yon give that your 
Tribes will not break the Peace when the French go to warr 
with us. 

Ooosunk Will there soon be a warr with the French. 

Governor The English always keep the Peace they make 
but we cant say what the French will do. 

Ooosunk We cant answer to that Point as there is no 
French warr now if there was we could. 

Governor Must the Peace you propose to make last no 
longer than till a French warr. 

Ooosunk We cant answer that if we thought there would 
soon be a French warr we could. 

Governor You must let me know when you have said all 
you intend to say 

Ooosunk We have no more to say 

Governour When Loron made a Treaty with me at 
Penobscot he said it was to last forever, & not only 'till the 
French made warr. 

Ooosunk We don't Remember that Loron express'd him- 
self so. 

Governor Do you look on yourselves as Subjects to the 
French King or to be a free People. 

Ooosunk As to Subjects of the French King we are not, 
no farther than we are of their Religion. 

Governor Are you under any Agreement with the French 
to make warr with us when they do. 

Ooosunk We know of none, & as it is Peace round the 
world, we think that is not properly mentioned, if we were at 
S l Georges we could mention all. 

Governor As you came here we expected you were to treat 
here, is this all you have to offer 

Ooosunk Yes. 

Governor I shall consider of what you have said till to 
morrow morning, & then give you an answer: & if you can 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 311 

think of anything else before then to say to me, let me know 
it then & I will answer that also. 

Then the Governonr Drank the King's health to 'em, which 
they pledg'd & they with drew. 

Some necessary Business Intervening the Conference was 
put off to Tuesday the 27 of June 1749. 

Conference with the Indians of Penobscot and Xorridge- 
walk Continued June 27, 1740. 

Salutations as usual. 

Governor Brethren of the Penobscot & Norridgewalk 
Tribes. I have considered what you said to me at our Con- 
ference here on Friday last : you then assur'd me that in the 
Spring of the year there was a meeting of your tribes at 
Penobscot, with the Tribes of S* Johns River & those In- 
habiting from thence to Canada, & that upon a General Con- 
sultation among them they all agreed to send you as their 
Delegates to let me know they were desirous of a Peace with 
this Government, & to ask me to make Peace with them. 
This I understand is the whole extent of your Commission 
viz 1 to desire a Peace may be made with us but not to con- 
clude absolutely upon the particular articles of it : which 
must be agreed to by the Body of the Tribes, before they are 
Ratified, and this you say may be best done, if the Treaty of 
Peace is held in the presence of those Tribes at some place 
near to their head Quarters, if I shou'd think fit to appoint 
such a meeting; & I suppose you are Impowered by all the 
Tribes from whom you come as Delegates, to agree that in the 
mean time all Acts of Hostility shall cease between them & 
this Government. 

The Governor to the Interpreter 

Ask them If I rightly understand what they said to me on 
Friday & whether what I have now Declared is their true in- 
tent & meaning. 



312 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To which the Indians answer 'd that it was Then the Gov- 
ern 1 * proceeded 

Brethren, I have I say considered your proposal of Peace 
made on behalf of all the Tribes who sent you and have de- 
termin'd to Grant them one upon the plan of Governor Dum- 
mers Peace concluded anno 1727 saving that I shall reserve 
the Liberty to alter some Circumstances as I think fit at the 
Treaty : and I Appoint the Treaty to be held at Casco Bay, 
when either by myself if I am there, or Commissioners duly 
authorized between this Government and the Tribes about the 
beginning of September next for which Purpose I expect you 
will give due notice thereof to your own Tribes and those of 
S r Johns & S 1 Francois & the other Tribes that were present, 
with you at the meeting at Penobscot in the Spring, to meet 
my self or Commissioners by the 6 th day of September at 
farthest: at which time & place a Treaty of Peace Shall be 
Stipulated & Confirmed between us, and in the mean time I 
expect that you shou'd take care the Parties of your respec- 
tive Tribes & St Johns & S l Francois that are out upon acts 
of Hostility against us shall be instantly called in. and that 
all Hostilities cease on their part forthwith as they shall on 
ours, and that I shall look upon this as a fundamental Con- 
dition of the Treaty propos'd to be held between us. 

Brethren, It is necessary for me now to acquaint you that 
since you have been here in Boston I have received advice 
from No. 4 upon Connecticut River that a party of Indians 
have appeared there & shot down some Persons & have done 
other mischief. Do you know that Party that has done this. 

Indians We know nothing of it. 

Governor If Bloodshed happen before the holding of the 
Treaty it may make the Covenant Chain so rusty that it can't 
easily be brightned. It is therefore absolutely necessary to 
give general notice to all the Tribes that they forthwith call 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 313 

in their Parties least some of our People should meet with 
tliem & Revenge themselves 

Brethren, You told me on Friday you desired a Trade 
shou'd be renewed with you. I shall therefore give orders 
that between this time and the general Treaty things neces- 
sary for your support shall be sold to you at reasonable Rates 
till we shall fully settle the trade at the Treaty. 

Brethren, You likewise ask'd me to deliver up a S' Johns 
Indian that was taken by Col Gorham. I must inform you 
that he took two of those Indians, the reason of carrying them 
off was, He went by order of Govern r Mascarene after the 
Cessation of arms upon a Friendly Errand to them, yet when 
he sent whale boats to get water from whence his men Called 
to those Indians in a peaceable manner when they could have 
shot them down, a Party of the Indians fired upon his Boat 
& killed some of his People while they were talking with 
them. It was for that reason Col° Gorham carryed the two 
Indians to Annapolis to keep them till he could be satisfied 
for the murther of his People ; one of those Indians ran away 
from Annapolis, the other is with Col Gorham at Annapolis. 
Therefore we must defer that aifair till we come to the Treaty 
& in the meantime he is not nor shall be in Prison. 

Egeremet We thot Col Gorham came to Kill us, my son 
was one who made his Escape 

Governor Col Gorhams men were talking in a friendly 
manner within musket shot, & might have first fired if they 
wou'd & killed them. I have done & desire them if they 
have anything to say in answer, now to do it. 

Egeremet We speak for our selves & the Norridgewalk 
and what your Excellency says is mighty well we can't object 
to any thing and we believe all the Tribes as far as the Cape 
Sable Indians will also approve and like everything that has 
been said. 



314 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Governor You must lose no time for giving notice to the 
S' Francois Indians to call their Parties in: for we are sus- 
picious they have done the late Mischief, Before you go you 
shall have a Copy of the Conference signed by me, to carry 
with you to the several Tribes and you shall sign another to 
be left here, we will produce both at the Treaty, I or my 
Commissioners the part sign'd by you ; You that signed by 
me. 

The two Truckhouses that the Goods shall be sent to till the 
Treaty is concluded shall be S l Georges, and Richmond. 

Do you know anything of a Lad taken at Pemaquid last 
August 

Indians He is at Penobscot. 

Egeremet Two months will be too short a time for us to 
give notice in to the several Tribes, it being so dry a Season 
we can't give notice to 'em in so short a time. 

Governor How many Days will you want to give notice to 
all the Tribes to meet at Casco Bay. 

Egeremet As soon as we Return we will bring the Lad 
Spoken of above to S l Georges. 

We will try to give notice to all the Tribes as soon as Pos- 
sible, as we like every thing the Governor says. 

Governour It's necessary to be precise as to the time of 
meeting that I may appoint the Day 

Indians — We ask three months. 

Indians - — We will give notice at S l George's when we 
have notified the Tribes, when they can meet. 

Governor. Upon what you have said I shall alter the day 
of our meeting to treat to the 27 th of September — 

Then the Gov. Drank to Egeremet, and all the other In- 
dians, King Georges health. 

Indians Drank the King's His Excellencys health, and all 
the others present. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 315 

Xictilnuit — I have one thing to say can't there be an 
Armourer at Georges & Richmond. I would have Capt 
Lithgow be better natured than His Predecessors & then I 
shall desire he may keep at Richmond. 

Governor Tell them Cap 1 Lithgow is a good man, I will 
Consider of an armourer. 

I drink a happy meeting & Conclusion of a Peace at the 
Conference at Casco Bay Which was pledged by them all. 

Egeremet Cap 1 Bradbury, Cap 1 Gyles & Cap* Bean our 
good old Friends must be at Casco Bay at the Conference. 

Governor Very well 

Egeremet Do the Pigwacket Indians Cap 1 Sam and 
others, who are now among the English design to return to 
their own homes. 

Governor I have not spoke with them lately, I shall not 
Restrain them. They shall follow their own Inclination 

Then the Indians Departed 



Letter Jabez Bradbury. 

S 1 Georges April 27, 1749. 
May it Pleas your Excellency. 

Inclosed is what the Penopscots by Six of their Messengers 
said to me this Day by which your Excellency will se their 
Reasons for not Coming up to Boston though they often told 
me they would when their Chiefs came from Cannada which 
they say some of them are. When I saw they declined com- 
ing i told them it lookt as though they ware not desirous of 
peace they said twas true there ware Som that were not Imt 
a great many were desiours of it. But I have been Privatly 
told by one who Came here since that the Arsaguntacooks 
having Lost a great many of their young men in the warr 
were uneasy & seemed to be desiours of Reveng he also said 



31G DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ye Penopscots & Naridgwocks were for peace and I am in- 
clined to think they Really are So notwithstanding their 
Backwardness to coin up to Boston for they always Love to 
be courted as is well known to all who have any acquaintance 
with them. 

I have not at any time Strongly urg'd them to Com up as 
thinking theyd imagin sum design in it, but have always 
treated them kindly have given them Som Rum tobaco & a 
few biskits from time to time as has always been the Custom 
in the like case, but being neither able nor willing to answer 
all their Requests in that way, have also sould them Som, 
which if Disagreeable to your Excelency- — I intreat that I 
may Know it, that I may govern my self accordingly, they 
have often askt whether peace has been Proclaimed at Boston 
but I could not tell them it was which I think is one Great 
Reason for their not coming up at this time. I am [&c] 

Jabez Bradbury 



Governor s Letter. 

Boston, May 18, 1749 
Sir. I have received your Letter of the 27 tb of April last, 
And have advised with the Council upon the matters therein 
mentioned ; And do thereupon direct you to follow my former 
Orders, upon this subject And I further direct you to ac- 
quaint the Indians that the Peace between the Nations has 
been published at Boston; and that if they are disposed to 
live in Friendship with this governm 1 I expect that they send 
some of their Chiefs to Boston where I shall be ready to treat 
with them on that affair ; And I further direct you not to sell 
any thing to the Indians till a Peace with them is concluded, 
nor to receive any of them into the Fort except such as would 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 317 

confer with you by proper Power from their Tribe upon 
those matters; And you are also hereby directed to supply 
such persons for their necessary Refreshm* & no further at 
the Charge of the Province 

I am Sir Yours 
Governours Letter to Cpt. Jabez Bradbury in answer to 
his ab l the Indians. 



Letter William LWtgow. 

May It Pleas your Excelency 

Thare has som of the Nerridgewak Tribe has appered here 
to which I Communicated your Excellency* Letter, Dated 
Last Octb r which advised that if any of them Came, properly 
Delicated, by the Rest of thair Tribe, that thay might Com 
to Boston to treat with your Exclency, upon a pesifycation, 
thare answer was that as thay ware a people not govern d by 
proper Laws, as we war, and that every man Desired to be 
his one agint in so waighty a matter, that it would be to no 
good purpose, for any sett Numb &c of them to go to Boston 
on this ocasion, as the Rest would not be Satisfved with what 
thay should act, in thair behalf, thay tould me it would be 
most agreeable to all their Tribes that your Excelency should 
Either meet them In person, or Send Som other Gentlemen 
[nvested with your Excelencys authority to treet with them 
on (he matter of pees, and Desiers that your Excelency may 
apoint the Time and the place for y c Interview and that thay 
will Give Thair attonteiice, 1 tould them that it was a Grate 
Damage to y e poor Inhabitence, thare not Goaing to Boston, 
as thay ware tharby yet Restrained from thare Labour and 
was yet obliged to Be upon thair guard upon which thay De- 
sired me to tell y e people that thay might go safly about their 
Respective Labours, and that they would Do them no harme, 



318 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and Desiers that as thay have promised Seaveity on their 
side that we may not take any adventage of their people if by 
accident we should meet with them, this thay promice for 
their selves that thare shall he no Damage Don to ye Estward 
of Casco Bay and says further that if thare should be any 
acts of Hostiltely commited on the Southern frontiers not to 
Blame them for it, that thair Tribe will have no Hand in it, 
and that if any Indins should Endeavour to do Damage in 
thair Jurisdiction thay will timely informe us thareof, thay 
say the S l Francies Indiens has Lost a Grat Number of 
thair young men and seems yett to be Revengefull, 

I Do supose it is from those Indians we may Expect any 
Further Dammages if we should Recive aney, the Nerrige- 
waks tell me thare is about 200 of the S 1 francies tribe but 
as thay are nerly Related to them by marriges that thay be- 
live when thay here that thay are Goaing to make peace thay 
will Come into the same measures, thay tell me thare will be 
a Great Number of them, here in a Short time both of men 
and women and children, thay say thay have grat quantitys 
of Beaver, and Desiers your Excellency may send Down 
suplys as useuel for them to subsist on till the peace may be 
fully Concluded thay want no Powder nor Ball nor armes & 
Hum Keggs and provisions and cloth of all sorts which M r 
Wheelwright can Direct in thay Say at thair Generil meet- 
ing here thay will send you another Letter which your Ex- 
cellency shall have Remitted as soon as possible, 

May it pleas your Excellency this is the whole Substance 
of what thay Delivered me as nere as I could apprehend them, 
being under y e Disadventage of not haveing thair Language 
parfetly so with all Due Respects I humbly Beg Leave to 
Subscribe my selfe your Excellencys most Dutifull and most 
obedient Humble Servant. 

William Lithgow 
Fort Richmond May y e 17 th 1749. 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM; 319 

Governors Letter About Indians. 

Boston June 3, 1741). 

Sir: The Occasion of this Lett 1 " is to acquaint your Excy. 
thai There are now in Boston Nine Indians six of the Penob- 
scot Tribe & three of Norridgewock with whom I have had 
divers publick Conferences who declare themselves to be sent 
hither by the Indian Tribes of S l Francois & S l Johns River 
as well as their own iv impowered by these Tribes to assure us 
of their Disposition & I >esire to make Peace with the English 
Government & to appoint a time of Meeting for such Treaty. 
And I have accordingly appointed the 27 th of Sept 1 " next for 
the Time of their Meeting at Falmouth in Casco Bay. And as 
this Governm 1 apprehends that it will be of great advantage 
for the success of this affair that all the Neighbouring Gov- 
erning concerned in the late war should be represented by 
their Commissioners at this Treaty, I desire that your Excel- 
lency would please to send Commissioners from New Hamp- 
shire to join in these Negotiations in behalf of your Province. 
As it has always been the Custom to make Presents to the 
Indians upon the Conclusion of the Treaty We have provided 
for such Presents as we judged necessary for ourselves. 

I shall write to the Govern 1-8 of Connecticut & Nova Scotia. 

[Gov rs Letter ab l Indians to Gov 1 " Wentworth] 



Letter Jabez Bradbury. 

S l Georges, Sep tr 5 th 174!>. 
To his Excellency \V" Shirley or y' Commanding Officer of 
y e Province of y" Massachusetts Bay &c. — 
May it please your Excellency, The inclosed is what a 
Number of the Penobscot Tribe delivered to me to lay before 



320 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

your Excellency wherein they desire the Treaty may be post- 
poned till next Spring which I told them in my opinion 
seemed to be in ye highest Degree trifling seeing they sent 
Nine Delegates last June to appoint a Time & Place to treat 
more fully concerning a Pease & that your Excellency pro- 
posed a Time sooner & thay not being contented with that 
fixed on a Time themselves I told them likewise that their 
Desire of having some Gentlement sent down to settle a Trade 
would not be hearkened to notwithstanding they insisted 
upon this Letters being sent. I am Your Excellencys most 

obedient humble Servant 

Jabez Bradbury. 

P. S. I would just signify to your Excelley that the Men 
whose marks are made in y e inclosed are none of them those 
that were at Boston but in my Opinion are more in the 
French Interest than the Others. 



Indian Letter. 

Sept br 4 th 1749. 

Govenour Shirley Consider, we of penopscot have thoughts 
& shall tell you all the thoughts of our hearts we shant tell 
you any thing but the truth. We Look on it Little to Com 
to the Treaty so soon because it will be in the height of our 
hunting & fishing for Eals & Clearing ground for planting 
next spring and our young men being all out a hunting our 
Meeting must be put by till next spring We have not yet 
heard any thing from y e Kenybeck indians but its Likely they 
also are out a hunting 

We have gon so far already that there is no Cause of feare 
on Either side We desire that two or three Gentle men may 
Com down heare to settle the Trade You have goods Enough 
& if you sell good peny worths at this place — the world will 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 321 

Look upon you: there has bin two Sloops Outing Grass at 

Penopscut River which we do not Like unless thy had askt 

Leave to all above writen we Desier an answer we all hearty 

Salute you Viz. 

Loron 

Sebanset 

Wninbemandoe 

and all the Rest of our tribe 

with the S 1 Johns. 

We would not have any want of goods of any kind at this 

place. 

[Indian totems — four in number.] 



Indian Letter. 

September 7 th 17-19. 
Governor Shirley — 

All our Young Men are not for tarrying 'till the Spring, 
till we have finally concluded a Pease & it will be a great 
Satisfaction to us when the Treaty appointed is over, for we 
cant so chearfully go about our Business till that is finished 
this is the Language of all the Captains & young men & who 
will break any thing that the Kings doe — All we of the 
Penobscots Tribe salute the Governer. I dont like Lorong & 

others wrote three Days agoe. I am 

Cassemeah — 



Letter J. Bradbury. 

S e Georges Sept r 9, 1749 
To his Excellency W m Shirley Esqr * * &c. 

May it please your Excellency — This Day came in here 
one Causemean of ye Penobscot Tribe of Indians who in- 

22 



322 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

forms me that understanding Lorong with some others were 
come in to the Fort ; he was suspicious he was upon some bad 
design, which was the cause of his coining in. — He desired 
me to relate to him their Message, which I did. He then 
declared to me it was contrary to the intent of the Tribe in 
general and that (some few of Lorongs Party Excepted) they 
were determined punctually to attend at the Treaty upon the 
Time & Place appointed. I would likewise acquaint your 
Excley that I have seen Tooxis the chief of the Narigwalk 
Tribe who promise likewise to be punctual and attend ac- 
cording to agreement. And if I might give your Excely my 
Opinion I am inclined to think that they in general are in 
earnest and that the other Message to your Excelly is a 
Scheem of Lorongs backt by some of his Creatures who have 
been against their Tribes Proceedings from the Begin ing. 
I am 3 r our Excellencys most Obed 1 hum b Ser 4 

Jabez Bradbury. 



Indian Letter. 

Governor. We the Penpscots heard Last Spring that you 
were desirous of seeing us at Boston and we did Se you there 
& when we did Se you there you told us youd Se us at Casco 
& twas Supposd we should agree on the prises of goods, and 
we understood that we were to walk in Gouvnerer Dummers 
Path but we se nothing of it with Respect to the goods now 
sent here and you also said that nobody should incroache on 
us any where or on any account. 

We have none here to mend our Guns, and now Brother let 
the goods be Somthing Cheeper here for it is our Custom 
when things are Cheepest there to Trade, Brother this I tell 



OF TILE STATE OF MAINE 323 

you. Brother we the Chiefs, Capts and young men Salute 

you and are Glad you are in helth. 

Sebaooset with a great number 
who were Present & approvd of what 
he said. 
S l George November 17. 1749. 



Letter John Dennis. 

To his Excellency William Shirley and Council & House in 
Gen. Court. May 31. 1719. 
The Petition of John Dennis Humbly Sheweth That 
whereas your petitioner hath served the Goverm 1 most part of 
the time from y r 22 nd of Sept 1737 to this present time with a 
Sallery only £100 old Tenor for his support and encourage- 
ment which Sum Though Something Augmented Yet con- 
sidering y e dificulty of y e war and Extraordinary rise of 
goods and Necissarys of Life of all Kinds hath not answered 
\ " End by y e Goverm 1 at first proposed which was a Comfort- 
able subsistance and therefore y e Gov r considering but small 
ware pleased to Indulge your petitioner with an addition of 
£13 old Tenor pr Annum which sum for reasons unknown to 
your petitioner hath been retained for some time And 
whereas your petitioner hath been at some Extraordinary 
pains and expence in aiding and assisting the Garrison at 
his Majestys Fort Frederick especially in some peculiar in- 
stances in the room of a Chyrirgeon without which the Limbs 
or Lives of some persons must have unavoidably been lost as 
your petitioner hath Shewn by a Certificate to your Excel- 
lency and Hon rs from Under the hand of Seven persons who 



324 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

were Eye Witnesses of y e same and mite be ratified if Cap 1 
Moody at whose Instance your petitioner gave his Assistance 
had not deceased, and furthermore your petitioner haveing 
sustained loss and damage in sundry goods and household 
stuff of which your petitioner hath made a remonstrance to 
a former house who were pleased in y e great wisdom and 
goodness to Choose a Com te to Consider the same which Com te 
did reporte in favour of your petitioner and gave it as y r 
£12 10 8 New Tenor might be some small consideration for 
such damage and service to which y r Hon b House did agree 
Only delaying to pass it into a Voate till s d Cap* Moody could 
give his concurance with y e Evidence given in but Cap 1 
Moody in the mean time deceasing the petition lay till con- 
sumed in y e burning of y e Town House and not till Now 
revived — Wherefore Your petitioner humbly hopes your 
Excellency and Honr s in your great wisdom & goodness will 
be pleased to considar what may be reasonable in the respec- 
tive instances or your petitioner must be forced to meditate a 
removal and leave y e service under great discouragement 
Wherefore your petitioner humbly requesteth your generous 
and free Liberality towards one who faithfully served the 
Goverm' from s d Sep 1 22 nd 1737 to y e above date and through 
y e troubles of y e war and the distress of y e times sustaining 
loss and dooing such Additional service As your Garrison 
must in Varyous respects have been TJncomfortible or dis- 
tressed without it And in all things wherein I might respect- 
fully endeavouring the hon r and Interest of y e Goverm 1 only 
with a Sallery scarcely now Amounting to £25. 

Wherefore your petitioner again humbly prays you will be 
pleased to take the matter into your serious and wise consid- 
eration and in your great goodness grant such sum or sums as 
may be esteemed some reasonable compensation And your 
petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray 

John Dennis 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 325 

Ipswich June 5, 1749. — 

Two Certificates are appended — one, Sam" Moody Apr. 
3, 1750, one, x\rth r Savage, Apr. 4, 1750, — giving testimony 
for John Dennis Chaplain at Fort Frederick, — his "Chris- 
tian deportment" ; — "sober circumspect manner" ; "Very- 
helpful in Assisting the sick and wounded"; — and faithful 
discharge of duty 

The Gen Court, Apr. 6, 1750 Voted to him £17-G-8. — 



Letter J ere. Moulton. 
Hon ble Sir: 

These are to acquaint you that there is no Court to Try the 
Criminals here for the murder of the Indian at Wiscasset 
there being but two of the Judges come. The Jury are all 
Dismissed & the Witnesses bound over to June Court next. 
I would therefore pray your Direction respecting the Guard, 
to be continued so long will be vastly chargeable & Trouble- 
some. I think that two or three men instead of the nine 
which now serve might be sufficient there being no Danger as 
I apprehend of a mob till after their condemnation neither 
do I think there w d be any then. I w d be Glad to know the 
L l Govern 1 " 3 mind as soon as conveniently may be and am 
Y r Hon rs most Humble Servt. 

Jere. Moulton. 
York Feb. 24 th 1749. 

To the Hon ble Josiah Willard 



Letter Ed. M. Trowbridge. 
Sir. 

Upon The receipt of Yours of y e 26 th of Jan ry last signify- 
ing that his hon r The 1/ Governour and the honble his Maj te 
Council "Judged it necessary That some suitable person 
"should be employed to go into y e County of York and Collect 



326 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

what Evidence might be had relating to y e supposed Murder 
and wounding of some of y e Eastern Indians and to take 
care that all y e witnesses might be under bonds to appear at 
y e special Court appointed to be held at York on y e Twenty 
second of February last for y e Tryal of y e persons suspected 
to be guilty thereof and that it was expected that if I could 
not attend the Business myself I should send some suitable 
person to transact y e said affair." 
As it was not posable for me Then to attend That Service 
in person I engaged M r Dan 1 Farnam Therein, who went to 
Wiscasset, Collected ye Evidence and had y e Witnesses 
Recognized to appear at y e Spetial Court aforesaid and upon 
my arrival at York on y e 22 nd of feb ry Last I found Them 
There but as there were not a sun" Number of y e Justices of 
y e Court afore sd present at y e Time & place appointed for 
holding y e same To open y e Court I could only Examine y e 
Witnesses & cause them to be bound to appear before y e Jus- 
tices of y e SuperCourt of Judicature Court of Assize & Gen 11 
Goal Delivery to be held at York on y e second Tuesday of 
June next. — Tho I was Apprehensive That a more speedy 
Tryal in another County all things Considered would have 
been for his Majesties service. 

S r I hereby Inclose M r Farnams Account of his time and 
Expenses in y e Service aforesaid and must Intreat Your 
Favour in procuring an order for payment thereof. 
I am Your hon rs Most Obedient Servant, 

Ed M Trowbridge 
March 8 th 1749. 

To the honble Josiah Willard Esq. Secr y 

Report of Committee on trial of Ball & Le Dyte. 

The Committee having attended to the Service report as 
their opinion, That his Honour the Lieuten* Gov r be desired 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 327 

to send for the Widow & any other near Relations of the 
nmrthered Indian, also the two wounded Indians to come up 
to Boston as soon as may be, as also a number of the Chiefs, 
or (if the Chiefs can not readily be notified) other Indians 
of the Tribe to which the said Indian belonged; And that 
his Honour be desired with the advice of the Council to take 
such measures with said Indians, as shall appear to be neces- 
sary to preserve Peace. 

The Committee further report that a Bill be brought in to 
explain the Province Law Entitled an Act for holding Special 
Courts of Assize & General Goal Delivery, & also another Act 
entitled an Act in Addition to the Act aforesaid 
In Council <fc House: accepted, 

and course proposed, provided for 

John Quincy A[od r 

No date. 



Letter from U Jabez Bradbury. 

Letter from L l Jabez Bradbury at S l Georges, Apr. 9, 1750 
Requests articles for Truck Trade then writes 
Sir. We in these parts think it very Strange that the 
Government should seem to delay the Trial of the Wiscasset 
murderers & its my opinion if there is not speedy satisfaction 
Given to the Indians on that account it may be atended with 
ill Consequences, though the Penobscotts say they dont De- 
sier the Life of any should be taken away for that it will not 
bring their Dead back again, they also say the mischief done 
was not done to two or three or ten but to a great many What 
Satisfaction the Xarregawocks will expect (who are more 
emediatly concerned J I know not. I am sir &c. 

L l Bradbury 



328 DOCUMENTARY IIISTORY 

House of Eep ves Apr. 1G, 1750. Voted & Council concurred 
That his Honour the Lieut. Governour be desired to write 
to the Commander of S l Georges Fort, directing him to in- 
form the Indians the reasons of the delay of the Tryal of 
the Supposed Murderers of the Indians at Wiscasset. And 
that the said Tryal will be had at the next Superior Court 
for the County of York in June next. — 



Indian Letter. 
Brother Phips. 

I salute you the Gov r of Massachusetts: One thing we 
think on. That is of the man that was kill'd this last fall : 
We lived at the Salt Water all y e Winter and now we are 
going up the River: We think you will plant, and we also 
shall plant. The man that did y e Mischief and consequently 
brock the League between us We would have brought down 
here We only regard what was transacted between you and 
us and not what is doing at Chebucta : It was you that struck 
us and you have the power: We think they that did that 
Mischief was sett on by those who had the Command in that 
place: If they are brought down here Then that affair may 
be determined, We have patiently waited ever since, and as 
you told we should have justice done us, so we expect you 
will realy do it. I salute you from my very heart. 

In Name & behalf of all the Penobscotts. 

Loran. 

Att S l Georges this 17 th of Aprill 1750. 

Wawenocke 

Worenocke 

Indian Letter — 

Brother we are Woorrenock Men We saw your Councel 
att Casco last Fall who tould us thay ware Com to make 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 329 

Peace and that thay had a Commission which Impower'd 
them so to Do. We liked it well and thought what thay 
then said was true After Som Discourse between us thay 
proposed to us that if anay privet Quarrill heare after should 
arise between your people and ours that neither of us should 
take any privit Revenge but that if any of your people should 
hurt us that we should ask you for Justice and tould us we 
might Depend on't that we should have the advantage of your 
Law as if we ware your Bretherin and that if we hurt your 
people you would apply to us for Justice in the like manner. 
We heard them and liked well what was said Soon after 
those promises that ware made on boath sides, your people 
went out of the path we then had made and killed our Brother 
and wounded a Jserrigewalck man as also one of y e Arrase- 
guntecook man we have waited a long time Expecting that 
you would do us Justice agreeable to y e promise you then 
made at Casco now Brother we and our young men would 
have you be Quick in putting thos murderers to Death with- 
in a months time to cover the blood that now lyes on the 
ground which we are Desirous may be covered or else all 
will not be well. 

Brother we salute you and all the Council. 

Asserremo Cheif 
of the Worenock Indians 

Richmond Fort June y e 9 th 1750 

Report about the Trial of the Prisoners now at York. 

The Committee* appointed to take under Consideration a 
Letter signed Asseremo Chief of the Woorenock Indians com- 
municated to the Court by his IIon r the Lieu* Gov 1 " are 
humbly of opinion that Common Justice as well as the Public 
Peace require that some measure he taken hv the Government 
to give them satisfaction for the injuries they have received 
from some ill minded People. And the Committee are of 



330 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

opinion that for this purpose it is highly Expedient that the 
Prisoners charged with the late murther committed at the 
Eastward and now in York Goal be removed thence to the 
County of Middlesex, in order to take their trial at the Su- 
perior Court or Court of Assize to be held there in August 
next, and that an Act be passed accordingly. 

The Committee are further of opinion that it would be 
convenient for one or more of the Chiefs of that Tribe, & 
some of the Relations of the deceased to be brought up in 
order to see Justice done in case the Fact should be proved 
upon the Prisoners: or that in case of their being acquitted, 
they may however be satisfied of the just intentions of this 
Government towards them. 

June 26, 1750. In Council, read & sent down. 
In House, accepted and sent up. 

In Council 26 th concurred, and Committee chosen to prepare 
a bill for the Trial of the Prisoners within mentioned in the 
County of Middlesex. 

Sent down for Concurrence 
In House June 20. 

Voted that Sam 1 Ball and Benj a Ledyte two persons now 
in the Goal in the County of York suspected of being con- 
cerned in the murther of an Indian at the Eastward be re- 
moved to His Maj ties Goal in the County of Middlesex at 
the charge of the province. 

[Passed, concurred in by Council <fe consented to by Gov r ] 

Boston, June 28, 1750. 
Good Friends : 

I received a Letter by Cap 1 Lithgow from Asserimo Alias 
Sawwaramet, one of the Chiefs of the Wawenock Tribe com- 
plaining of the Delay of the Trial of the men accused of the 
Murther of the Indian, Killed at Wiscasset &c ; which Delay 
was unavoidable, by means of the sudden sickness of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 331 

Judge of the Court, at which they were to be tried. Since 
the writing of the said Letter, one of the three men assused 
Viz. Obadiah Albee has had his Trial at York & by the Jury 
(who were chosen by the Towns in that County, according 
to the English Law) has been cleared. And I & the general 
Court of this Province, being earnestly desirous to have full 
satisfaction given to your Tribes, for the great Wrong done 
to them in that killing cV Wounding those men: And to show 
you our Sincerity therein, I must inform you that this Gov- 
ernment has been at some thousands of Pounds Charge for 
apprehending & securing the Persons accused of this Murder 
k for bringing on a speedy and impartial trial of them : And 
as the Time for the Courts Sitting was too short for the Trial 
of the other two men, This Government has directed that 
they should be removed to the county of Middlesex (near 
Boston) where the court will sit the first Tuesday of Augusl 
next, And as we are desirous that Justice might be done in 
the case, We should be glad that one or more of the Chiefs 
of your Tribes & some of the Relations of the Deceased would 
come up to Boston & be present at the Trial That so they may 
be Satisfied of the Sincere Intentions of this Government in 
the management of this unhappy affair : And whatever may 
be the Event thereof, You may be assured of our hearty Dis- 
position as a Government to maintain the Peace lately con- 
cluded with your Tribe. Thus wishing you health, I remain, 
Your Sincere Friend, 

[Name torn off] S. Phips. 

To the Chiefs of the Indian Tribes 
in the Eastern Parts of this Province. 
[Copy of the above on pg. 45, dated July 5, 1750.] 

Anno Regis— [23 d & 4 th &c] 

An Act for Removing the Trial of Samuel Ball & Benj a 
Ledite from the County of York into the County of Suffolk 



332 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Whereas Samuel Ball and Benjamin Ledite are suspected 
of having murdered Sacary Harry Al s dic s Ilegen and 
grievously wounding Job and Andrew two other Indians on 
the second of December last at a place called Wiscasset in 
the County of York, and the said Ball & Ledite are held and 
detained in his Majestys Goal in York in the County of York 
to answer therefor at the Superiour Court of Judicature, 
Court of Assize and General Goal Delivery to be held at 
York in and for said County on the second Tuesday of June 
next and inasmuch as it is highly improbable That an im- 
partial Trial of the matters aforesaid cannot be had in the 
County of York. — 

Be it therefore Enacted by the Lieutenant Governour 
Council and House of Eepresentatives that the said Samuel 
Ball and Benjamin Ledite Prisoners in his Majestys Goal 
in York be forthwith removed from thence to his Majestys 
Goal in Boston in the county of Suffolk (by such persons 
and in such Manner as the Lieutenant Governour & Council 
Shall order and appoint) and there be kept safely by the 
keeper of the same Goal until they be thence Delivered by 
due Course of Law : & that the Superiour Court of Judicature 
Court of Assize and General Goal Delivery to be held at Bos- 
ton, in and for the County of Suffolk on the third Tuesday 
of August next be and hereby are authorized and Impowered 
to Inquire hear and Determine by Jurors of the County of 
Suffolk as well of and upon the Murther of Sacary Harry al s 
dicl us Hegen as of and upon the Wounding of the said Job 
and Andrew done and committed at or near Wiscasset afore- 
said by the said Samuel Ball and Benjamin Ledite or either 
of them and to give Judgment and award Execution thereon 
in like manner as if the same murder and wounding had been 
done or committed in the County of Suffolk any Law Usage 
or Custom to the Contrary Notwithstanding. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE '■'>'■'•'■'> 

Iii Council June 29, 1750, passed &c & scut for concurrence 
In House read first and second, but not a third time 

In Council June 30, 1750. Whereas the referring over 
the Trial of Samuel Iiall & Benjamin Le Dyte to the next 
term of the Court of Assize in the County of York which is 
now at near twelve Months Distance, may he attended with 
Great Detriment to the Province, more especially from the 
Jealousies & Suspicions of the Eastern Indians thereupon. 

Voted that John Quincey Ezekiel Cheever & Thomas 
Hutchinson Esq rs with such as the Hon We House Shall join, 
he a Committee to consider what expedient may he proper to 
he taken by this court to prevent the Same; the Com tee to sit 
forthwith and report as soon as may he. 

In the House, concurred, and Mess. Gray, Trowbridge, 
Allen, Clap "were joined in the affair." Their Report,— 

The Committee having attended the service report as their 
opinion, that his Honour the L' Governour be desired to send 
for the Widow & any other near Relations of the Murder'd 
Indian A to come up to Boston as soon as may he as also a 
number of the Chiefs I! or (if the Chiefs can not readily he 
notified ) other Indians of the Tribe B to which said Indian 
belongM & that his Honour he desired with the Advice of tin 1 
Council to take such Measures with said Indians as shall ap- 
pear to he necessary to preserve Peace. The Committee 
further Report that a Bill he broughl in to Explain the 
Province Law entitled An Act for holding Special Courts of 
Assi/.e & General Goal Delivery & also another Act entitled 
An Act in addition to the Act aforesaid which is humbly 
suhmitted. J. Quincy p r Order. 

In Council June 30, 1750. Read & Ordered that this Re- 
port be accepted, And that this Committee prepare the 
Draught of a Bill referring to Special Courts of Assize «.Vc. 

Sent down for Concurrence. J Willard Sec'y 



334 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Iii the House [same date] read and Concurred with the 
Amend""* at A and B. — Sent up for Concurrence. — 

A. Also the two Wounded Indians. 

B. Dele. 

In Council July 3, 1750. — Read & Agreed upon the 
amendm 1 at A, & Disagreed to the Amendm 1 at B. And the 
Board adhered to their own Vote with the Said first Amend- 
ment. — Sent down for Concurrence 

In the House of Rep rs June [July] 3, 1750. Read & 
Concurred — 

Consented to — 

S. Phips. — 

His Honour the L 1 Governor having desired the advice of 
the Board upon that part of the Message of the two Houses 
of the 26 th June which relate to the sending for some of 
the Penobscot Indians in order to enquire into the Charge 
against them of joining the other Indians in the Hostilities 
against Nova Scotia, the Board were of opinion that the 
Sloop Massachusetts Capt. Saunders be forthwith dispatched 
to S 1 Georges with Letters to the Penobscot Tribe and pro- 
posals for three or four of the Chiefs of that Tribe to come 
as soon as may be to Boston with assurance of Protection & a 
Safe Return to their own Country. 

The Board at the Same time having before them the Vote 
of the General Court of the 3 rd July desiring his Honour to 
send for the Widow & any other near Relations of the 
wounded Indian and also the two wounded Indians &c ad- 
vised his Honour to order Capt Saunders in his way to S l 
Georges as aforesaid to stop at Richmond Fort & set Cap 1 
Lithgow (who is now in Boston) ashore there and that a 
Letter be prepar'd by Cap 1 Lithgow to the Arresaguntacook 
& Xorridgewock Tribes & that Cap 1 Lithgow be directed 
while the Sloop Massachusetts is gone to Georges to invite the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 335 

Widow and some of the Relations and the two wounded In- 
dians aforesaid & also two or three of the Chiefs or other In- 
dians of the Tribe to which the Murdered Indian belonged, 
to be ready at Richmond against the return of the Sloop from 
Georges & to assure them of kind treatment from the Gov- 
ernment, and that Cap 1 Saunders he directed to stop at Rich- 
mond on his return from Georges & bring s d Indians with 
the Penobscot Indians to Boston accordingly And that the 
Commissary General be directed to lay in necessary stores for 
the Indians while on their Passage. 
[No date but filed "July 6, 1750"] 



Governor's Speech to the I in/inns. 

Brethren. 

The News of one of your People having been Kill'd & two 
of them wounded soon after the Peace agreed on at Falmouth 
gave me a great deal of Concern as I make no doubt it must 
have done you Some of our People have been strongly sus- 
pected one of which has already had his Tryal and the Jury 
has acquitted him. The other two remain in Prison in order 
to a Tryal hereafter. I am very desirous of doing every- 
thing in my power to preserve & cultivate a good Understand- 
ing between us and I thought the best thing that could be 
done for this purpose would be a friendly Conference where- 
in both sides might speak their minds with freedom and 
therefore I sent to invite a number of* your Tribe to Boston & 
I am very glad to see you here present in good health & I 
purpose in a day or two to see you again & go into a more 
particular Conference with you on the Subject which I should 
be glad in the mean time you would have your thoughts upon. 

The L 1 Gov rs Speech to the Indians from the Eastward 
Aug 1 8, 1750.— 



336 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Additional Procedings of the General Court. 

House of Representatives: Dec. 20. Message of L* 
Governor. 
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives: Upon con- 
sidering the Terms of holding the Superior Court in diverse 
Counties in the province for three or four months next ensu- 
ing, it seems to me that the holding a Special Court of Assize 
in the county of York, for the Tryal of the men that are sus- 
pected to be concerned in the Murther of an Indian at Wis- 
casset, will be attended w th very great & general Inconveni- 
ences ; besides I perceive th 1 diverse of the justices of that 
Court are so infirm, that there is Danger th l there will not 
be a Quorum of them, if this Court is held soon : For these 
and other Reasons that are too obvious to need mentioning; 
I must desire you would reconsider your vote on this affair, 
and think of some other Method, th* Justice may be done, and 
that with all convenient Speed. 

Dec. 26. Gentlemen of the Council & House of Repres — , 
Having received from the Eastward further Advices in 
Relation to the Indian that was killed at Wiscasset, and the 
others that were wounded ; and as something further ought 
immediately to be done by this Government thereon I desire 
your Consideration thereof; with your further Advice upon 
these Matters, And in particular, I must recommend to you 
(Gentlemen of the Ho. of Repsn) to make some proper allow- 
ance to the Indians mentioned in the Postcript of Madocka- 
wando's Letter. 

1750 Jan 2. Sec. Willard brought down the Declaration 
of Samuel Harnden Dep. Sheriff of the County of York re- 
specting his Conduct in the Execution of his Office relating 
to the supposed Murder of Indians. — Read. — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 3-37 

Jan. 5. Voted, Tlnit the Provisions granted by this Court 
in December last (and now lying in Georgetown) for the 
Relief of such Indian Families as have suffered by the late 
Breach made on them by the English, he removed to Rich- 
mond Fort, and committed to the care of the Truck Master 
there for that Purpose; That one 7/8 Blanket be given to 
the widow of Capt. Job, who was taken at the Beginning of 
the War at S* George's River, and died in Prison at Boston 

Jan 16. Vote of the Council brought down, as follows. — 
For as much as three Persons accused of the Murder of the 
Indians at Wiscaset are now imprisoned one of them in the 
County of Essex, and the other two in the County of York ; 
and it being of the greatest Importance that they should have 
a Speedy and Impartial Trial; Voted that there be a Com- 
mittee to consider at what Time and Place it will be most 
convenient to bring the said Prisoners upon their Trial: 
the Committee to set forthwith and report as soon as may 
be— 

Read and Non-concurred. 

April 3. Two letters were read on the affair of the Mur- 
der of Indian at Wiscasset. 

Voted that the L l Governor be desired to dismiss six of the 
nine men guarding the Goal at York. 

Sent up to the Council, and there amended :— Returned 
to House which non-concurred, and adhered to its former 
vote. Sent up. — 

13 th Brought down the vote of the House of the 4 th inst. 
relating to guard at the Goal at York, in which the Council 
n on-concurred . — 

Read and non-concurred. Then Ordered That Pay and 
Subsistence be allowed to Three men only to guard the Goal 

Sent up for concurrence. — 

23 



338 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Apr. 16. Letter read from Capt. Bradbury at S l Georges. 

Voted That his Honor the L l Governor be desired to write 
to s d Commander to inform the Indians the Reasons of the 
delay of the Trial of the supposed Murderers of the Indian at 
Wiscasset and that the Trial be had at the next Superior 
Court for the County of York, — to be held in June. 

June 23. The Secretary brought down the letter of As- 
seramo, which was read. Also a letter from Capt. Lithgow 
was heard read. 

June 26. Vote for removal of Ball and Ledyte to the 
County of Middlesex, — (as ante — ). 

June 29. Was brought down a Bill. — Viz. An Act for 
removing the trial of Samuel Ball and Benjamin Ledyte from 
the County of York into the County of Suffolk passed in 
Council. Read in House: p. m. Read 2 d time, on 3 rd read 
the vote thereon was in the negative. — 

29 th Rob 1 Hale asks pay for the expenses of himself and 
assistants for carrying Obadiah Albee a Prisoner from Salem 
to York. — 



Samuel Denny to Governor. 

Wiscasset, December 9, 1749. 
May it pleas your Honour — 

I thought it my duty to give your honour the earliest in- 
teligence that I cold of a malancolly and sad axadent that 
have hapend in this quarter which in its consiquenses may 
so much efect the government wich is of an Indian being Kild 
and two more wounded by sum inglish people may it pleas 
your honour on the sixth of this instant two indian squaus 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 339 

came to my hous at Georgetown and one informd me that hir 
husband was killed and the other that hir husband and an 
other indian was wounded by 6 inglish men who came upon 
them in the night on the second instant in the wods where 
they ware by a fire without any camp near this place the 
same night after the indians had made this complaint 2 men 
from our plase came to my hous and brought with them Mr 
Harndan an under sherif and made the same information and 
gave me the names of six persons suspected. I emedeatly 
mad out my warrant for their aprehendin but faring whether 
the matter would be properly managed I thought proper to 
com here which I dead on the seventh after having wrot and 
sent to Capt. mecob to take some provision with him to go to 
the wounded indians that ware then incamped on parkers 
iland in order to quiet them and for their support and to 
inform them that I was gon on the affair and if posable 
to keep them from informing ye other indians on ariving 
here I kept myself as privit as I cold till the ofiser might 
do his duty two of the suspected persons came where I 
was whom I secured by and by the ofiser came and informed 
me he had aprehended 2 more but that a mob was ris to rescu 
them I went with him to the plase and on our landing was 
met by a number of armed men with their fases disgise by 
being blacked I declared who I was and went a shore on 
which a fray arose in which I was knocked down had sum 
slite wounds but we subdued them and aprehended 6. one 
have since mad his escap the other 5 T have made out a miti- 
mas in order for their going to goale they ware all of them 
part of a ships crew lying in the harbour and may it pleas 
your honour I have sent to the plase where the indian affair 
hapened and they report that they have found the slain in- 
dian in a brook under the ise I have sent out for a Jury of 
inquest am sending express to the indians to inform them the 
man is found. I hop they will come and se what we are 



340 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

atempting we have five of the G aprehend but the one sup- 
posed to be at the head of the affair can not yet be found and 
I have caus to think that this day he goeth of in a Vesel to 
the westward his name is obediah Allbee Jun r his friends 
live at Mendum his farther came from thence it is probable he 
may be found there 2 of the aprehended men belong to that 
town Viz benjamin dite and William brown the mater crimi- 
nal is chiefly I suppose in that family and those that ware 
instigated by them the people are much consarned and much 
affraid and forward in assisting me all they can 

May it please your honour by this axadante there is by 
report 14 Indians young and old that are destitute of support 
only what ye squaws can git on the clam bancks &c. therefore 
grate sir may it not be proper if your honour pleas to give 
order to the truck masters to give to these destitute people 
sum support S r when I have done all that I can in this 
affair I shal by the first farther inform you and in the men- 
time take Live to subscribe my self your honours duteful 

Sarvant. 

Samuell Denny 

P. S. the slain Indians name is Saracy Harrey, the 
To his honour Spencer Phips Esq r Leftenant gourvnour &c. 
Wounded Capt Job and one Andrew 



Committee's Report on above. 

The Committee appointed to take Major Denny's Letter 
under Consideration Report as follows, Viz. that considering 
the Insufficiency of the Goal in the county of York k the 
great distance of y e Time when the Court of Assize is by Law 
to be held in that County, and the opportunity <fc advantage 
that Prisoners in that Goal will have (in such length of time) 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 341 

to find means to make their Escape, The Committee are 
therefore humbly of opinion that for the more effectually 
securing the Persons apprehended on suspicion of their hav- 
ing committed the murder of the Indians mention'd in said 
Letter — orders he given for removing them to Cambridge & 
securing them in the Goal there 'till they shall he brought to 
Tryal. The Committee are further of opinion that his 
Honour the Lieut. Governour he desir'd to issue a Proclama- 
tion for apprehending- & securing Obediah Alby Jun r who 
is supposed to have been principally concern'd in perpetrating 
said murther, and has absconded : Also that he give order 
that the best care taken of the wounded Indians, and that a 
Skilful 1 Surgeon, proper Tendance, and other necessaries be 
provided for them: Likewise that the fourteen Indians men- 
tioned in said Letter — as suffering for want of Provisions, be 
furnish'd with necessaries for their Relief at the Publick 
charge till further order. Submitted &c. 

Sam 1 Danforth 

In Council, Decemb r 13 ,h 1749. 
Read &c & sent down, &c. — 

In House of Rep rs Dec. 13, 1749 

Read and Non-curred and Voted that His Hon 1 " the Lieut 
Governour be desired with the Advice and Consent of the 
Council to Issue a Precept directed to the Justices of the 
Court of Assize and Gen 1 Goal Delivery, and order and ap- 
point them to hold a Special ( 'ourt as soon as may be at York 
within the County of York, for the Tryal of sundry Persons 
who are Suspected to be Guilty of murther in said County. 
And to cause Venires to be Issued forth for the summoning 
Jurors for such Court out of the several Towns as usual for 
the stated Court there and to make out all other necessary 
Processes, and do what else shall be requisite according to 



342 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Powers given them in and by the Act for Establishing 
a Superior Court of Judicature, Court of Asize and General 
Goal Delivery. The Judges and officers of such Special 
Court to have such allowance for their Attendance and Serv- 
ice as shall be hereafter ordered by this Court. 

Voted also that his Hon r the Lieut. Gov r be desired to Issue 
a Proclamation for Apprehending and Securing Obadiah 
Alby Jun r who is suppos'd to have been principally con- 
cerned in perpetrating said murther and has absconded. 
Also that he give order that the best care be taken of the 
Wounded Indians. And that a skilful Surgeon, proper at- 
tendance and other Necessaries be provided for them. Like- 
wise that the fourteen Indians mentioned in said Letter as 
suffering for want of Provisions be furnished with neces- 
saries for their Relief at the publick Charge not exceeding 
three months. — 

Sent up &c. In Council, concur'd Dec. 14. 
Consented to S Phips. 



Letter S. Frost. 

Lynn, Decern 1- 22 d 1749. 
Hon d Sir. 

Upon my passing thro this Town I met with part of a 
ships crew upon Inquiry they told me they did belong to Mr. 
Quincy's Ship at Wiscasset, That the persons who were ap- 
prehended for rescuing Sev 1 of y e Felons who were concerned 
in the Murther of y e Indians there were clear'd of which I 
understood these were a part, they have left y e Ship & till me 
are going to Boston. They also inform me that those Felons 
were sent to York under Guard from Wiscasset the last Mon- 
day was Sev 11 Night. And as they now come from Marble- 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 343 

head they Say that Albey or Albee the principal in that 
tragical Action was taken the last night — they tell me also 
that but two are sent to York Goal, the rest being excused by 
the Justice. These things I thought it my Duty to acquaint 
you with cV hope that the Tryal may be had as soon as pos- 
sible. And if it should be found necessary (as I doubt not 
it will) to have Some Indians at y e Tryal, it will be best on 
all accounts to have it ye next Assize at Charlestown. 

I am yo r Hon rs most hum b Serv 1 

S. Frost. 



Joseph Blany to Spenser Phips Esq. 

Marblehead Dec r 22 n 1749. 
May It please your Honour. 

Yesterday Just before night I had Information that 
Obediah Albee Jun r (the person mentioned in your Honours 
Proclamation) was in Marblehead upon which I desired the 
persons that Informed me to take him up by Virtue of s d 
proclamation which they Declin'd to do saying they Desired 
to have nothing to do in the affair : whereupon I Emediatly 
made out a warrant and gave to an officer who Brought him 
before me and I have Comited him to his ma j ties Goal in 
Salem and I thought my Duty to acquaint your Honour of 
y e same as soon as posable and so have sent my son on pur- 
pose; S r I think I am Intitled to the Reward mentioned in 
said Proclamation I should take it as a greate Favor If your 
Honour would give me one Line in answer to this. I am 
S r your Honours most obedient Humble Serv 1 

Joseph Blany. 
To his Honour Spencr Phips, Esq r Lieut 1 Goven 1 " kc. — 



344 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay, Suffolk Ss. 

To the Sheriffs of y e County's of Suffolk, Midlesex, Worces- 
ter, or Bristolle or Either of their Deputys, Greeting. 
Information being made to me the Subscriber one of his 
Maj tys Justice of the peace for said Countys that Sam 1 Ball, 
Bichard Holbrook, Benj 1 Holbrook, Benjamin Brown, Unite 
Brown & Benj a Dike, supposed to be concerned in the mur- 
ther of one Indian and wounding Two others at or near 
aplace called Wiscasset in y e County of York have been res- 
cued or made their escape from the hands of the officer to 
whose Charge they were Comitted in order to be conveyed 
to the Comon Goal for said County and that some of them 
have been seen in the Town of Needham in the County of 
Suffolk, — 

These are therefore in His Maj tys name to require some of 

you the aforesaid Officers on Sight hereof to make diligent 

search in all suspected places in your respective precincts for 

said Persons and on finding them or Either of them you are 

to apprehend them or either of them & have before my self 

or other Lawfull Authority to be Examined Touching y e 

premises & to be further proceeded with as the Law & Justice 

appertain & all people are required <fc desired to be aiding & 

assisting herein. Fail not and make due return hereof & 

of your doings herein. Dated in Boston this 26 th day of 

December In y e 23 rd year of His Maj ties Keign Anno Dom° 

1740. 

Joseph Wilder Ju r pa r through s d Province 

Suffolk Ss. Boston, Dec r 29, 1749 

In obedience to this Writ I have made diligent Search 
for the within named Persons and can find but one of them, 
Viz 1 Uinte Brown, whom I have here to be Examined &c. &c. 

Richard Watts, Dep 1 Sheriff 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE •'! I 5 

Tn the House of Rep s Dec. 28, 1749 

Voted that his Hon 1 " the L* Governour with the advice of 
lu's Majesty Council be desired forthwith to Issue a Procla- 
mation Promising a Reward of fifty Pounds, bills of y" last 
Emission as a Reward to any Person or Persons that shall 
apprehend and deliver to Justice Either of the supposed 
murderers of the Indians at Wiscasset who have Escaped out 
of the hands of the Officers. And also promising a reward 
of Twenty five pounds bills of the Last Emission as a reward 
to such Person or Persons as shall apprehend and take up 
Either of those Persons that did Rescue the afores d Prisoners 
or were aiding and assisting therein, provided they shall be 
upon Tryall convicted of the fact last mentioned. 

Passed &c. Dec. 28, 1749. 

In the House of Rep rs Dec. 29, 1749 — 

This House being informed of the Escape of the supposed 
murderers of the Indian lately killed at Wiscasset that wore 
in the Custody of Samuel Arnold a Deputy Sheriff in the 
County of York, and also that there is great reason to suspect 
that the said Deputy Sheriff was failing in his Duty, and 
that said Escape was very much owing to the negligence of 
said Sheriff, if he was not Voluntary therein, and that Goen 
Wilson who was at the House (where the said Prisoners were 
about the time of their escape) was plotting and contriving 
the Same: — 

Therefore Voted that Jabez Fox Esq r one of his Majestys 
Justices of the Peace for the County of York be directed to 
Issue a Warrant to apprehend cV ( !onvene before him the said 
Arnold & Wilson and Examine them touching the premises, 
& to send for witnesses at the same time And if upon Exami- 
nation he shall Judge its highly probable that they or either 
of them are guilty as aforesaid, to take Caution & Security 
of them respectively for their appearing cV Answering to 



346 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

such matters & things as shall be objected against them on 
his Majestys Behalf at the next Court of Assize & General 
Goal Delivery to be held in & for the county of York. And 
said Justice is further Directed to make Return of said Ex- 
amination to his Honour the Lieu 1 Governour & the Hon ble 
His Majestys Council as soon as may be for their further ad- 
visement & order thereon. 

[In the Document not approval by Council nor Governor]. 

In Council Dec. 30 tb 1749. 

Whereas Information has been given to this Board that 
Benjamin Holbrook & Richard Holbrook two persons who 
were taken up on Suspicion of being concerned in the murder 
of the Indians at or near Wiscasset are under bonds for their 
Appearance as Witnesses at the Trial of the Murderers & 
there being great Danger that the said Bonds may be in- 
sufficient to hold the said Witnesses to their appearance, the 
penalty of each Bond being Fifty pounds only & the said 
Holbrooks being related to Obadiah Albee one of the sup- 
posed murderers; they being also suspected of being present 
at the committing said murder ; & two of the supposed mur- 
derers having been already rescued from the officer in the 
county of York. Therefore Voted that Samuel Danforth Esq. 
one of his Majestys Justices of the Peace for the Province, 
be authorized <fe directed to issue a Warrant for apprehending 
said Benjamin and Richard Holbrook, & causing them to be 
brought by Land or Water as shall be judged most convenient 
before the Lieutenant Governor & Council as soon as may 
be there to be examined touching the murder aforesaid ; And 
that his Honour the Lieut. Governor be desired to give orders 
to the Chief Military Officer in the town of Falmouth to send 
a detachment of militia to assist the officer in the Execution 

of said Warrant. 

Passed & approved Dec. 30. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 347 

Whereas one Sam 1 Ball & Benj a . Dite have been lately res- 
cued (in the Town of Falmouth) from the hands of Justice, 
who upon examination were suspected of being Principals 
concerned in the murder of an Eastern Indian Lately 
comitted at a place called Wiscasset, and the wounding of 
two others, who are in great danger of their lives. Sam 1 Ball 
is a man of a aI idling Stature with a full eye of a Light Com- 
plection he wears his own Hair, he had on a Blue Cloth 
Jackett, Blue Stockings, an old Hatt & Trousers he has been 
Lately seen with a Frock over his Jackett. Benj a Dite is a 
man of a small Stature Full Eyed, dark coloured Hair, ho 
had on a Stone Grey great Coat, yarn Stockings, old Shoes & 

an old Hatt. Whoever shall discover Each or Either 

of the above s d Persons shall have a reward of fivety pounds 
Xew Tenor upon their being secured in order to their Bro'tt 
to Justice. Also whosoever shall discover each or Either of 
the persons concerned in the rescue of the above sd Ball & Dite 
upon their being secured in order to their being Bro" to Jus- 
tice shall have a reward of twenty five pounds for each, Xew 
Tenor. j By order of the 

Falm th Dec 30 th 1749 - J Lieut. Governor 

Jabez Fox 

& Council 



Letter from Jabez Fox. 

Falm th Jan 1 st 1749— [1750] 
May it please your Hon 1 " 

The favour of yours Dec 1 " 28 I rec'd. Observe the ('mi 

tents, the Information you had of two mens I icing Rescued 

from the hands of an Officer as he was Carrying them through 

Falm th to York Goal, is Fact, it was done on y e 15 th of Dec r 



348 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

last about Eleven of the Clock in the night, by Sundry per- 
sons that appeared in a Mobbish manner, at the House of 
Mr. .John Thoms's, about two miles from the Body of the 
Town, they went into the Woods, the officer (whose Name 
was Harndel) with Sundry others persued them directly but 
it snowed so Exceeding fast, they could make no Discovery 
of them. Very early the next morning the s d officer came to 
me, and acquainted me with the aifair, I Immediately gave 
out three Warrants, one to one of the Constables of the Town 
of Falmouth, another I sent to North Yarmouth, the other I 
sent to Scarborrough. I gave the above sd Constable a war- 
rant to Impress Horses if he wanted any, I ordered him to 
go by water to New Casco, and there to take a sufficient 
guard, to make Search in all out Houses, in New Casco & on 
Presumpscut River and in all suspected places, also to ap- 
prehend Sundry persons, whom the above sd Officer thought 
might be Concerned in the Rescue, & to summons several 
others for witnesses, which he believed could give some In- 
telligence about the affair. Thirteen persons I Examined 
upon Oath on the 18 th of Dec r last but they all cleared them- 
selves. 

I wrote a number of Advertisement and sent them to each 
part of the County. I desired the s d officer to go directly to 
Boston to acquaint your Honour, with what had hapned, not 
thinking it necessary to write as he was under Oath. 

The Next day after I reed your Express, Pursuant to your 
Orders I sent out twenty advertisements some east & some 
west, a Copy of which I have herewith Enclosed, Upon the 
Saturday last I was Informed that those men that had been 
rescued, had been seen at Gorham Town, I Immediately 
sent for an Officer & gave him a Warrant & an Advertise- 
ment and ordered him to go thither with a strong guard all 
armed & to Search every house in s d Town, & to make particu- 
lar Enquiry of the Inhabitants if they had seen such men as 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM; 349 

were discribed in s d Advertisement & to summons any Per- 
son or Persons, he suspected had been accessary in rescuing 
or Concealing of them, to appear before me the Subscriber or 
some other of His Majesties Justices of the Peace &c Sun- 
dry of the Inhabitants of s 11 Town declared, that two men as 
described in sd advertisement came to s d Town on the 16 th 
of Dec r and they have not been seen nor heard of since the 
27 th day of s d Month all which time s d Persons had been har- 
boured by them. 

Immediately upon the officers return I sent him to sum- 
mons sundry persons to appear in order to their being ex- 
amined. I can truly say 1 have exerted myself to the utmost 
of my power by all legal ways & means, to discover & secure 
all the guilty persons, am sorry that I must say I am exceed- 
ingly surprised to find such a spirit almost universally pre- 
vailing amongsl those that live the most Exposed to the 
Indian Enemy in YVarr time, as there seems to be at present 
to secure murderers from the hands of Justice. I am Hon d 
S' Your .Most Dutiful SerV to Comand. 

Jabz Fox. 



Letter from Jer. Moulton. 

May it pleas your Honour, 

Cap 1 Jon a Bane of the Block House on Saco River having 
taken the Bodies of Sam 1 Ball & Benj a Ledite the supposed 
Murtherers of an Indian at Wiscasset pursuant to the late 
Proclam® Issued by the Governm* for Apprehending them 
last Evening' brot them before myself & son another Justice 
of this County and after being Examined were Committed to 
Goal here. And agreeable to the Vote of the Gener 1 Court 
& y r Hon rs Orders to me thereon I have seen the Goal well 



350 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

secured & strengthen* 1 and caused nine able bodied effective 
men to Guard the same both night & Day for the safe keeping 
of the s d Prison 1 " 8 They own nothing of the fact of Killing the 
Indian or Indians at Wiscasset or being any ways assisting 
or concern" 5 therein & Declare they had no purpose of making 
their escape from the officer at Falm° but were unexpectedly 
surpriz d out of their sleep there and carried off in the night 
& bid to go about their Business by a Numb 1 " of Persons all 
unknown to them it seems Ball is a Transient Person his 
Fath r was kill d by the Indians the first of the war & himself 
for the most part been improv d as a Sold 1- ever since, was at 
Menis und r Col° Noble & since that in the Province Service, 
his Mother & Family after his Fathers Death return d to the 
Westward in or about Dunstable where they first came from. 
Ledite belongs to Seconk was out sometime in the Province 
Service in this county as a Soldier in the late Indian Warr 
had contracted some acquaintance in the Eastern Country 
and went down some time in Aug 1 last with some others 
from the Westward to get Hay. I am Your Honours most 

obed 1 hum b Serv 1 

Jer: Moulton. 
York Jan y 11 th 1749 [1750] 

P. S. If y r Hon r has any further commands relating to 
the Prison 1 " and if it sho d be tho't proper they sho d be put in 
Irons or the like you will let me know it & I shall as readily 
obey. 



Proclamation Gov. Massachusetts. 

George the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britian, 
France and Ireland King, Defender of the Faith &c. To 
Paul Dudley Esq 1 * Chief Justice, Rich d Saltonstal, Stephen 



OF TIFE STATE OF MAINE 351 

Sewall, Benjamin Lynde & John Cushing Es<f s Justices of 
our Court of Assize & General Delivery for our Province 
of the Massachusets Bay in New England Greeting 

Whereas Information has been given of the Murther of 

one or more of the Eastern Indians (soon after the Conclu- 
sion of the Peace with the Eastern Tribes of Indians) sup- 
posed to be committed by Obadiah Olby Jun r Samuel Ball & 
Benjamin Ledyke, at or near a Place called Wiscasset in the 
county of York and whereas the Time Stated by haw for hold- 
ing the said Court of Assize <fe General Goal Delivery for 
said County is at a Considerable Distance & there may be 
Danger that the Persons accused of said Murther will avoid 
Justice, Either by making their Escape, or by the Death of 
some of the Witnesses; And other Inconveniences may arise 
by a Delay of the Trial ; Wherefore, In Pursuance of a Law 
of our said Province, entitled An Act for holding Special 
Courts of Assize & General Goal Delivery, We do hereby 
authorize & Direct you (the s d Dudley et als ) (or any three of 
you) upon Thursday the twenty Second Day of Feb. next, to 
hold a Court of Assize & General Goal Delivery at the Town 
of York within and for the said County of York for the 
Trial of the said Obadiah Alby, Samuel Ball & Benjamin 
Ledyke, or either of them & of any other Person or Persons 
who may charged of being concerned in said Murther as also 
of any other Capital Offences that shall then have been com- 
mitted in the said County ; And to cause Venires to be issued 
forth for summoning Jurors for said Court out of the Towns 
in said County as usual for the Stated Courts; And to make 
out all other necessary Processes, & to do what also shall be 
requisite, according to the Powers given you in & by the Act 
for Establishing a Superior Court of Judicature Court of 
Assize & General Goal Delivery within the said Province; 
For all which this shall be your Sufficient Warrant. 



352 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Testimony whereof &c. at Boston the 22 d Day of Jan y 

1740 

Signed in form— S Phips. 



Memorial Richard Saltonstal and Stephen Sewall Esq. 

To Gov r , Council, House, in form 

The memorial of Richard Saltonstal and Stephen Sewall 
Esq r two of his Majesty's Justices of the Superior Court of 
Judicature kc, humbly sheweth — 

That your Memorialists by direction of the Government 
took a Journey to York the last Winter in a very difficult 
season in order to the holding a Court for the Tryal of sev- 
eral persons then in Goal on suspicion of murder. That all 
the other Judges being prevented by sickness or otherwise 
from attending the service, no court could then be held. That 
your memorialists however spent several days in their said 
Journey, and at York in expectance of the other Judges ; but 
have as yet had no recompense for their time and trouble, 
they therefore pray your Hon rs consideration, and that they 
may have such an Allowance as to your Honours shall seem 

meet. 

Steph n Sewall for himself & 

Eich d Saltonstall. 
Boston, Feb ry 5 th 1750 

In House Feb. £30 were granted for above service 



Letter William Lithgow. 

May it pleas your Honour 

According to the Directions you Gave me, I have Duely 
observed and have agreeable thereto (cerfully) Interpreted 
Foxcooses Letter which I rec d from your Hon 1 " Directed to 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 353 

him, as also those Pragraphs in the Treaty that serv d beast 
to prevent their taking any prvet Reavenge, and by all means 
I endeavoured to make them fully sensable att the Same time 
thai this was their agreement with us att the last Interview 
that in Case of any priviet Quarril hereafter should hapen 
between them and us thai neither of the parties agreaved, 
should aveange them selves but have Recorse to Law and 
Justice us we had mutually agread with each other. 

I also aquainted them what Extrordnery Care your Hon r 
had taken in order to bring those offendors to Justice, and 
the Great hatrid and abhorance (not only the governour him- 
selfe) but the government in genneral had against such an 
uuhuman act of murther, not to be tedious, I have (and do) 
Constantly as opertunity serves say all to them which I think 
serves best to establish the present Peace and Intrist of the 
proviance, as your Hon r farther Directed me, so I proseed to 
Give you the best Intaligance I am master of, as to the 
wounded Indians they being nere the Salt Water when they 
met with this Disaster this River being then Clos d with Ice 
thay thought it most Conveaniant to Carry them to Penob- 
scutt where thay Remain d ever since I here thay 1 " in a likely 
way of Recovery so that none of them att present, has had any 
Demands on me for Suplys, Excepting the Widow of the 
Dead Indian and som others that war with her when her 
Husband was kill' 1 which assisted her in bringing the Corps 
neither, and so up the River till they came to the Jeasuiet's 
habation where they Burried him, the Widow being in poor 
Sircumstances at the time I gave her Two blankets the one 
for her Selfe the other to Bury her husband as she tould me 
it was their Custom. I also gave her other iSTessecerys of 
Life to the value of about £40 old Tenour as need Required 
till this time. 

the Dead Indian has Left behind him Saveril Relations 
(as those of Brethering & others) which Expactes (by thair 

24 



354 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Talk to me at Sundry Times) that yo r Hon 1- will (In the 
Spring-) mack them a Present of some thing or other, as a 
perticular mark of your Hon rs friendshipp, haveing no more 
at present to Inform your IIon r of 

With all Due Submission I begg leave to subscribe my 
selfe your Honours. 

Most faithfull and most Dutifull Humble Servent at 
Command. 

Will" 1 Lithgow. 
To the Honble Spencer Phips Esqr. 

Richmond Feb 1 " y e 2 d 1749 — 



Journal of Cap 1 Phinehas Stevens. 

Journey to Canada [Montreal &c Aug- Dec.] 1749. 

A Letter of Capt. Stevens, supplementary to Journal, but 
without date. His Journal was dated Dec. 15, 1749 — the 
date of delivery to Governor and Council. This letter soon 
followed, and is addressed to Governor and Council. 

As there are Some Things Respecting the Prisoners which 
I have not mentioned in my Journal y l may be Needful to be 
known and being about to Return to my Post at No. 4 I 
think it ray Duty to Leave a memorandum of y e following 
Things in Writing, Viz* — 

That when Discoursing with y e Governor of Canada about 
y e Prisoners he told me y l some of y e people who had bought 
them were poor & would expect their money as Soon as the 
prisoners were taken from them & said he thought it best for 
me to employ some Merch' to undertake to pay for them and 
as I could see no Other way of their Redemption but by 
money W n I come to Mount Royall I Informed Mons r S l 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 355 

Ange (a Principal Merch 1 In that Place) of the affair (who 
has one of s d Prisoners In his hands.) — 

He told me y* none of them should stay behind for want 
of y e money for if they Insisted upon it he would pay for 
them all & told me y* he would Immediately Write to y e Gov 1- 
& acquaint him of it I mentioned to him the Extraoiy 6 
Charge y* was made for Cloathing Some of our People he said 
he would Take Special Care that a Particular Ace 1 should he 
sent to Crown Point with y e Prisoners of Every article of 
Cloathing they had Receiv'd if the Charge was too High It 
should be abated. — 

I would further Inform y 4 the Gouv r Gen 1 Inquired 
Whether I was Inclined to take any of the Prisoners home 
with me. I told him if any were able to Travel I was in- 
clined to it. — And mentioned Two Young men who I thought 
might be able to Undergo the Hardships of the Journey he 
told me he would Take Care to send them to Mount Royal] a 
Day or two after I come to Mount : Royall one of s d Young 
men was brought to me by his french Master from S l Fran- 
cois his Name Is Tim Whitton for whom I paid 315 Livers 
which money I Borrowed of Col Lydius & have Given him 
my Note for Said Sum. — 

The Time when These Prisoners will be at Crown point 
Is Uncertain when ever they arive the officer is to send word 
to Albany. — 

I am Inclined to think they will be there about y e middle 
of May the prisoners being So uneasy they will press 
forward. — 

The above is Humbly Submitt d to you r Hon 1 " & Honours by 

You r Dutifull Serv 4 — 

Phineas Stevens. 



[This letter must have been written In late autumn or winter of 1750, or 
early In spring of 1751, as It mentions Tlmo. Wuidden, one of the Swan 
Island captives, taken Sept. 1750.] 



356 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter of Gov. Canada to Gov. Massachusetts. 

Quebec March 7 th 1750. 

S r 

Since I have been in Possession of the general Government 
with which the King my Master has entrusted me, I have had 
a Sincere Desire to procure an intire Liberty to all Prisoners 
who are retain'd in it ; my Sentiments have reach'd your Ex- 
cellency, to whom I have had the Honour to write several 
Letters as well as to M r Clinton Governour of New York; 
I had abundant Keason to hope that this Earnestness on 
my part would contribute to excite you to do all you could 
to procure the same Advantage to the Subjects of my Govern- 
ment, to the French who are detain'd among the Agnies, & 
to the 26 Abenakis who are on an Island near Boston. 

Nevertheless I see with Grief an affair of this Importance 
drawn out into Length, without being able to penetrate into 
the motives of it, I see no Difficulty in it, would your Excel- 
lency but act with the same Zeal that animates me, of which 
I have not ceas'd to give you Proofs. And I am persuaded 
S r if my Letter of the 28 th of Sept r last had been delivered you 
by Mons r Launiere you would have ingag'd with chearfulness 
to facilitate the Inquiry after the 26 Abenakis of whom I 
sent you a List. And if M r Clinton had join'd with me, as 
I desir'd him, I am certain by his Care & yours the respective 
Subjects of the two Governments would have injoyd at this 
Time the Sweets & Tranquility which the two Crowns re- 
garded as the principal object in their Treaty of Peace. 

I can't conceal from you S r the sincere Part I take in the 
Condition which these poor People have the Misfortune to 
undergo, and I should think myself worthy of Blame if I 
had contributed to it. M r Clinton is the Sole Occasion of 
it, I am forc'd to say it, for if he had permitted the Sienr 
Launier Interpreter of the Abenakis to execute my Orders, 



N 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 357 

this Nation would have been as quiet as they are now actually 
animated with Rage and as they will he, till Such time as 
they are positively inform'd of the Condition of their 
Brethren 

This Reason join'd to y e Desire I have of Maintaining 
Peace and a good Understanding, induces me to Depute the 
Lieut de Beauhassin an officer in ye Troops of this Colony 
whom I send to you together with an Abenaki Indian and 
have given them Orders to make, with your good Leave all 
imaginable Search and Inquiry in order to come to a Dis- 
covery of the s d Indians. As I should be glad this were the 
last step I had to take in this affair, and that it might be 
attended with better Success than the former, I shall com- 
municate to you S r the Answer made me by M r Clinton y e 
28 th of Oct 1 " last, this is the more necessary as you will see 
from it what Grounds I have for Complaint and for using 
all means to come to y e sight of the s d Abenakis. 

IF Clinton who had never said anything to me of the s d 
Abenakis informs me, 

1 st That their Chiefs had impos'd upon me, and to justify 
it he joins with his Letter one that Col. Wendell of Boston 
wrote to him : 

2 nd That y e Sieur Launier Interpreter with the Indian 
who accompanied him, Satisfied with reading this Letter 
judged they might dispense with going to Boston to deliver 
you my Letter, agreable to y e Order which I had given him. 

I could wish the answer of IF Clinton had operated the 
Effect he promis'd himself from it, but on the contrary I find 
the Abenakis firmly resolv'd to use all their force to recover 
their Brethren, and they persist in maintaining with a great 
deal of Firmness that they are detain'd on an Island near 
Boston. These are their Proofs : 

In the first Place M r Wendell allows in his Letter that at 
the beginning of the War the said 26 Abenakis were in a 



358 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Fort of New-England, and demanded to live among the Eng- 
lish, and when the War was proclaimed these Indians were 
carried to Boston. 

That these Indians were to have been sent to Casco Bay 
to be present at the Treaty of Peace which was to be con- 
cluded last spring between the eastern Indians and the Eng- 
lish, and should be at Liberty to retire were they releas'd, 
or to return to New-England. 

But the Sieur Wendell does not positively say the Indians 
in fact went to Casco, much less does he say they went to 
their own Homes nor even what is become of them. 

In the 2 d Place the Abenakis to whom I communicated 
that Letter have made me several observations upon it. 

First that it is so false that their Brethren went in to the 
English Fort with a Design to take Refuge there, that they 
were invited to trade there, And without Regard to Faith 
they were carried by Force to Boston. This Violence lies 
much at their heart. 

2 dly That they are inform' d by all of the Chiefs who as- 
sisted at the s d Treaty at Casco that their Brethren were not 
there present and that there was not any Mention made of 
them. This Fact has been just now Farther certified to me 
by a Malecite Chief. 

Thirdly they can so little doubt that the s d Abenakis are in 
your Government, that 2 Indians who some little Time since 
came out of your Prisons, & the chief Gunner of the Vigilant 
have told them positively that they knew for certain that the 
said Abenakis are still detain'd in the Neighbourhood of Bos- 
ton. Several Frenchmen worthy of Credit have told me the 
same Thing. 

In the 3 rd Place What most shocks the Abenakis is the Re- 
lation which their Brother, who went to New York with the 
S r Launier, made them of the ill treatment he underwent, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE ODV 

and the Obstinacy of IT Clinton to not suffer them to go to 
Boston. — 

I did not expect such a refusal, and I should have flattered 
myself that M r Clinton far from giving any hindrance to 
the Execution of my Orders would on y e contrary have joined 
his Authority with them, especially as they tended to the 
common good both of the Subjects of New England and those 
of New France, and as I have shown all the Regard and 
civility possible to Officers and others who have come with a 
Passport from him into my Government. — 

And, what is still worse, the S d Sieur Launier having em- 
bark'd with his Indian on board a Sloop for Albany by Order 
of AT Clinton, the Sailours abused the s d Indian, and the 
master of the Vessel never thought fit to hinder them, which 
oblig'd the Indian to run away thro the Woods. He travell'd 
in a miserable Condition, and it was with a great deal of 
Pains he was found. 

Such a Proceeding is not to be borne, I doubt not but so soon 
as I shall have inform'd M r Clinton of it he will cause the s d 
Sailours to be chastised or rather the master, for not having 
done it to his Crew. 

This Punishment is of very great Consequence in as much 
as the Abenaki Nation might revenge the Insult offered their 
Brother, And I must tell you that when this Indian came 
near his Village, he thundered out the War Song, and having 
inform'd the Chiefs of his Adventure they held a Council, 
and deliberated about sending a Party of their young men to 
cut the Throats of a Clerk and Severn 1 English men at the 
great carrying Place, which I happily prevented by my 
Authority. 

The Capt n M r Benj a Stoddard whom M r Clinton deputed 
& sent about the Exchange of Prisoners is arriv'd in this 
City 



3G0 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Says since. I had yesterday a long Conference with him 
In which he must have perceiv'd how much I should have 
been charm'd in having concluded the s d Exchange, He will 
give you an Account of the Reasons which have hindred me, 
which are the same I have the Honour to observe to you. 
He was a Witness of the Representation made me by the 
Malecite Chief and of all the Sienr Launier told me with re- 
gard to M r Clinton's Refusal. I have given Order to pro- 
vide this Deputy all the Conveniences he can desire in my 
Government, and on my Part I shall show him all the Civility 
which I owe to Officers who represent your Excellencies. 

He has the Liberty to see your Prisoners as well English 
as Indians, My Deputies have not had the same Permissions, 
I flatter my self M r Clinton will allow them to M r Beaubas- 
sin whom I have ordered to visit him as often as he can. I 
have wrote for this End to M r Clinton And my Letter will 
not be delivered him by M r Beaubassin till after he has had 
the Honour to fulfill his mission to your Excellency. 

All the Facts of which I have now had the Honour to give 
your Excellency the Particulars must convince you how im- 
possible it is for me to do any thing in Prejudice of the 
Opposition of the Abenakis, you can't but think it just, & 
I am certain, you will leave nothing undone to enable me to 
give them the satisfaction which is their due. 

Confident of this I send away the Sieur Beaubassin with 
a chief of the Abenakis, I have the honour to pray you to 
forward him in every thing necessary to his labouring to 
purpose for the Discovery of the s d Abenakis according to the 
Directions I have given him. 

I doubt not he will meet with them, he will accompany 
their Chief in Order to speak with them in whatever Part of 
your Government they are. The s d Indians will take such 
Measures as they judge proper being free & independent, and 
it will be sufficient for me to have answered the Views of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 361 

Abenakis, who have always been very faithful to y e french 
Nation. 

So, S r if these Indians require to return to their Country' 
you will be so good as to permit them, and it will be sufficient 
for one of them to go away with the Sieur Beaubassin to 
give an account to their Nation that their Brethren are at 
Liberty, or have chose to remain in your Government. M' 
Clinton might at the same Time cause all the French whom 
I have in New england, and those who are now in the Power 
of the Agnies, to be brought to y e Carrying Place. The Sieur 
Beaubassin will come away with all Diligence to inform me 
of it, as well as of the Place where it shall be agreed to make 
the Exchange and immediately T will cause all your Prisoners 
in general to meet at the Rendezvous. 

Moreover, S r I must not conceal from your Excellency that 
I am very much surprised to find a crowd of English Traders 
scattered about over the Lands of my Government, who dis- 
tribute their Goods at a low Price in all the Villages of the 
Indians of the Upper Countrys which are on the Lands of the 
King of France, which causes so great Prejudice to the Trade 
of this Colony, that I can't avoid informing the King my 
Master of it. 

It is not Difficult to penetrate into the Designs of the Eng- 
lish in preventing all the Wants of the Indians; It is I shall 
be answered, to draw them over to them, and this is not for- 
bidden, since these Nations are dependent on no Crown. 

But all the World knows, the King of France is Master 
upon his own Lands, as the King of England is upon his, and 
of Consequence I have a good Right to drive those away, who 
shall pretend to settle a Trade there contrary to the Kings 
Interest, and to cause their Goods to be confiscated. 

Ah ! Ought I not to do it without hesitating since seperate 
from motives of Interest the English seek to debauch the In- 



362 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

(Hans, and inspire them with Sentiments of Hatred against 
the French. 

Yon will be astonished to hear me complain with Justice, 
I have in my Hands the Proofs of what I advance, and to 
evince it, I make no Difficulty of sending you herewith a 
Copy of the Speech which the English of Chonaguen have 
pass'd among all the Nations. These English taking Ad- 
vantage of the Plenty which they cause every where, are not 
afraid to tell the Indians aloud, that they exhort them stren- 
uously to make use of the Tomahawk I sent them, against me 
and my French; they accompany this Speech with Belts of 
Wampum dyed red, Calumetts, English Flags & c All of these 
were sent to me I show'd them to M r Stoddard, and I cant 
think without shuddering that they have carried their malice 
even to the Destruction of the French. 

You will easily perceive, S r that I can't conceal my Re- 
sentment from you, it is not so great perhaps as you may 
think, and far from desiring to let it break out, I repeat to 
you, on the contrary the assurances of my Application to 
maintain a most perfect Understanding with you and Sub- 
jects of your Government, so that far from hurting them I 
would afford them in all cases all the assistance in my Power. 

But as all attempts untimely made, to induce the Indians 
to shed the Blood of the French, might give Occasion to 
some unhappy affair, and as it would also be disagreeable for 
me to be oblig'd to go into Reprisals, it is necessary your 
Excellency should Cause the Authours of the Speeches 
to be severely punished and should forbid under heavy 
Penaltys, by an Order to all the English under your Gov- 
ernment, any Persons going upon the Lands of the King of 
France to trade with the Indians who reside there; On my 
Part I will issue a like Order, that none of the Subjects of 
my Government go to trade upon your Lands, And I will 
cause it to be published in all my Ports & Settlements. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 363 

I see no surer method to maintain that Tranquility which 
we ought to be fond of; you will do me a great Pleasure to 
send me a Copy of your Orders on this Subject. 

You have, S r a long Letter, I can't enlarge too much upon 
affairs of so great Consequence 

The Papers of the Treasurer of this Colony not being 
ready, I can't proceed to a Settlement of the Accounts of the 
several Prisoner's Expences. 

I have the Honour to be with as much Esteem as Respect, 
S r your most humble and obedient Servant 

La Jonquiere. 



Conference with Eastern Indians. 

Conference with Louis — Wombamando, Framhegan Chiefs 
& others of the Penobscot & Norridgewalk Tribes lately ar- 
rived in Boston at the Council Chamber on 
Fryday Aug 1 3, 1750— 

The P. Indians were admitted, & the Salutations to & from 
the L 1 Gov r & Counsil & them, were pass'd in the usual form, 
& then his Honour said 

L l Gov 1 " — Brethren — I am glad to see you here, k hope 
you left your Families well when you came away, & that you 
had a good Passage up — Brethren — The news of one of y r 
People having been kill'd eV two of them wounded soon after 
the Peace agreed on at Falm , gave me a great deal of Con- 
cern, as I make no Doubt it must have done you, Some of 
our People have been strongly suspected of the inin-tlicr, \- 
three of them have been apprehended, one of w ch has already 
had his Trial, & the Jury have acquitted him. The other 
two remain in Prison in order to a Trial hereafter : I am 
very desirous of doing every thing in my Power to preserve 
& cultivate a good Understand'g between Us; and I thought 



364 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the best thing that could be done for this Purpose would be 
a friendly Conference wherein both sides might speak their 
Minds w th Freedom. & therefore I sent to invite a Number of 
your Tribes to Boston, & I am very glad to see you here pres- 
ent in good health, & I purpose in a day or two to see you 
again, & go into a more particular Conference with you on 
this Subject which I sh d be glad in the mean time you would 
have your thoughts upon. 

Indians We purpose to carry to Georges what is here said 
to us: And shall consider of the Affair ment d till our next 
Meeting. 

(The L* Gov r then drank K: G's Health, mentioning his 
Hopes that there would be a Continuance of the Peace not- 
withstandg the afores d unhappy affair — w ch the Indians 
returned) 

L 4 Gov 1 " Shall you be ready to have a further Conference 
on these Affairs the Beginning of next week. 

Indians — We are desirous it may be on Monday in the 
Forenoon. 

(His Majesty's health &c was then drank again on both 
Sides, & the Indians withdrew 

Monday Aug 1 6, 1750. 

The L l Gov 1- & Co. being now sitting the Indians above said 
were again admitted, & the usual Salutations pass'd 

L l Gov r — Brethren — I am glad to see you this morning : 
& hope you like the Provision that has been made for you — I 
now meet you agreable to my Proposal on Fryday, & am 
ready to hear what you have to offer. 

Louis We are well provided for, <fc are glad to see one 
another well — It is God's good Will & Pleasure that we sh d 
meet here in health — Our Young Men are well pleased at 
what y r Hon r has said, & We hope there will be a good 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 365 

Agreem 1 in Consequence of the Treaty Wombamando We 
will now mention what we have to say. 

I am but poor & will break nothing what has been done as 
to Peace — When We made Peace We Conluded thai No 
private Revenge sh' 1 be taken — Now we look upon your 
Hon rs that you will take a particular thought of the blood 
shed & cover over it A- will sec that Attonement may be made 
for we sh d not require bis Life that spilt y'' blood to be taken 
away, but that Attonem* be made 

L l Gov. As to Wha1 you said that you are willing to for- 
give the Murderers, yet by our Laws they must be broughl 
upon trial, & if they are found guilty Justice must be done. 

Ind" I said what I had to say before, but since 'tis the 
Custom of the Nation to do Justice, as you say yon must do 
as you are obliged to 

L l Gov r Should be glad to know what you meant by 
covering over the Blood 

Ind s In old time We met & debated every tiling to make 
easy Affairs Y r Hon rs in times past when any thing has been 
out of the Way you made it easy & w n a stone was on the 
wrong side you turn'd it to the right & I don't doubt you will 
do every thing to make it easy. T am employed by two 
Plant 8 to make every thing easy and trade in particular — 
The Young men are uneasy about the Prizes of things, & pray 
yon wou'd consider about the Trade because it would en- 
courage the Young men to trade 1 When they saw that it was 
more reasonable with us it would draw the young men. This 
I apprehend as Affairs of Consequence & w 1 ' satisfy not only 
our Tribes but others 

1/ Gov r Sometimes Goods are dearer «.V sometimes cheaper 
here, but you will always have 1 'em at as cheap rate as they 
can be afforded from Eng d — I desire now to know what 
Method you propose as to making this rough stone smooth 



366 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ind B As there have been Wars in Gov r Belcher & Gov r 
Shirley's time & after Peace when any thing was amiss it 
was covered by some Present so now we propose that some 
present be made to cover the Blood that was shed — 

1/ Gov r I sh d be glad to know if yon are empow'd by your 
Tribes to make this Proposal & whether they won Id stand to 
what you propose 

Ind n We are empow'd by this side of the Continent & 
what we do the others will consent to it 

L l Gov. Had you any Consultation about this Affair be- 
fore you came up 

Ind n We had a meeting of the two Plants last Winter, 
Penobscot & Arresaguntacooks who app ted us to come up 

L* Gov r Wou'd not the other Tribes take it amiss if no 
Notice was taken of them as well as the two last ment d 
Tribes 

Tnd R At the beginning of the Summer they were all noti- 
fied to meet & consider of this Affair — -We expected the Gov r 
w d have sent down some to attend us at the Eastw d but we 
rec d a Letter proposing we sh d come up here 

L l Gov 1 " Of what Tribe is the Person killed 

Indians A Norridgewock Ind. he resided at Wowenock & 
then returnd to ISTorridgewock 

L* Gov 1 " The other two wounded, of what Tribe were 
they 

Ind s One a Nbrridg: & t'other an Arresaguntacook 

L l Gov. Where is the Widow of the Person killed 

Indians At Georges but the Gen 1 Council of Indians pro- 
pose no Squaw sh d come up to Boston but if you will make a 
Present to her 

L l Gov r If you will mention what Satisfaction you de- 
sire, I will consider of it How long is it since you left 
Penobscot River 

Indians, — Fifteen Days 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 367 

L' Gov' We have heard several Ways of a French Vessel 
gone into Georges, which we have great Reason to think true 
vV- we shall certainly never be easy at the frencli setling there 

Indians We know nothing of thai. The Gov* of Canada 
last Winter told us we sh a not be at the Trouble to come to 
Canada for our Present, but they sh' 1 be sent to us 

L l Gov 1 " Fishermen have Spoke with a french Vessel \v lh 
Men & Women from France aboul three Weeks ago 

Inds We have heard nothing of it 

1/ Gov 1 * Are those Presents the Gov of Can Were any of 
your Tribes concerned with the Frencli in attacking the Eng- 
lish at N. Scotia 

Indians The Ind 8 of our Tribe, Penobscot have nol been 
missing but we know not of the S' Johns 

L* Gov r You are not to fall upon any of K Georges 
Colonies for they are K Georges Children, as Well as we — 
We look on it a very ill thing for you after having rec d Pres 1 
from our Truckhouses, to use it to destroy our Brethren 

Ind There will be no such thing done, I desire that No- 
tice may be taken of what I say, for I am employed by the 
Continent round about 

L 1 Gov 1 * We will consider what you have said, will meet 
you again in the Morning if fair Weather, but if not the 
next day 

Then L* Gov' drank K Georges Health to 'em Which they 
returned 

Tuesday Aug 8, 1750 

The Ind s again attended at the C° Cham: & after the 
usual Salutations, the L* Gov 1 * made the following Speech 
Viz* 

L* Gov. — Brethren \-c The Present to he prepared for you, 
shall be got in a few days 



368 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indians What your Hon rs offer is pleasing, We hope your 
Hon™ will teach your young Men better & not to be active in 
such ill practice & we shall endeavor to persuade our Young 
Men to do nothing ill for the future, now this Affair is so 
well made np, the Yonng Men will be glad to have some- 
thing to rejoice at at hearing this. We desire to be for- 
warded in our Affairs, that we may get home as soon as 
may be 

L l Gov 1 " We shall do all with as much Dispatch as 
may be 

L* Gov 1 " drank K. G's Health & that the Peace may long 
continue — w ch the Indians returned 

Indians We hope God will Grant a Blessing to what has 
now been done between us, & that it may occasion the Con- 
tinuance of Peace & Love 



Letter Gov. Massachusetts to the Gov. Canada. 

Boston 9 th Octob. 1750. 
Sir. 

I make no doubt that before the Receipt of this Letter you 
will have been acquainted with the Success which a Party of 
Indians situate near the Borders of your Government have 
met with in their Hostility against the Inhabitants of this 
Province. 1 have too much reason to think they have been 
encouraged by the Subjects of the most Christian King and 
I am very much misinfonn'd if they have not been instigated 
to this particular Expedition by the Governor or Commander 
at Trois Rivieres. 

How this can be reconcil'd to the Treaty subsisting be- 
tween the two Crowns I cannot conceive. 

This I know that immediately upon the Advice of the 
Cessation of Arms, The Governours of this Province & of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 369 

New York tho't themselves obliged to restrain the Indians 
who are in the Interest of his Britannick Majesty from any 
Hostilities against the French though it was with great Re- 
luctance those Indians would submit to it, and it would be 
no difficult matter now to employ them in the same manner 
the French Indians have been employed against us. — 

Nothing but self preservation would Justify such a pro- 
ceeding, but this Principle I am of Opinion would fully 
do it. 

Near Twenty of our Inhabitants, the greater part of them 
Women & Children have been surpris'd & taken Prisoners & 
must submit to the Hardship & misery of an Indian Cap- 
tivity & it will be happy for them if they survive until their 
arrival at any of your Settlements. 

Several Dwelling Houses and Barns have been burnt and 
great numbers of Cattle destroyed. 

This would not be reckoned a very generous manly way 
of annoying an Enemy after a Declaration of War; how 
much to be condemned then in a Time of Peace ? — 

If those Indians are under your Protection & accountable 
to you as the Governours of Canada have in their Letters 
often asserted, that they are, you can have no pretence to 
suffer any one English Captive to remain among them and 
I must insist upon their immediate Release. 

The Bearer Cpt. Phineas Stevens whom I employ and 
Commissionate for this purpose will wait on you & inform 
you of the Names of such Captives as are come to my knowl- 
edge & if there should be any others, of whom I have not yet 
been inform'd, I must insist on their Release likewise. — 

If you have no Right or Authority over these Indians but 
look upon them as an Independent People I shall be glad to 
be informed of it & must go into some other Method of ob- 
taining satisfaction. — 

25 



370 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I know that one reason given for these Hostilitys is the 
Murther of an Indian near our Settlements who they pre- 
tend was of their Tribe. You must be sensible that Crimes 
of this nature cannot be wholly prevented in the best regu- 
lated Governments. — As soon as the Report of it was 
brought to me I caus'd a Proclamation to be publish'd offer- 
ing a large Reward to any who should apprehend all or either 
the three persons who were suspected, by means whereof 
they were soon taken and imprisoned, 

By the English Constitution every Subject has a right to 
a Trial by a Jury & I could not proceed otherwise than in 
the ordinary Course of the Law, Accordingly one of the sus- 
pected Persons has had his trial & been acquitted. The 
other two still remain in Prison in order to a Tryal. 

The Penobscots & Norridgewocks (to the latter of which 
the Murthered Person really belong'd ) have sent their Dele- 
gates to me at Boston & were fully satisfied & I have good 
reason to think have a full sense of the Disposition of this 
Government to do them Justice & religiously to observe all 
Treatys with them & have in abhorrence the Conduct of the 
other Indians & the measures taken to stimulate them to it 

It would be a great Pleasure to me if while the Kings our 
Masters are in Peace & Friendship in Europe and Harmony 
& good Correspondence might be preserv'd between the Gov- 
ernour of this Province and the Governour of Canada. 

Nothing shall be wanting on my part to contribute to it 
that may consist with his Majestys Service & the Interest of 
the People under my charge. 

I have the Honour to be S r your most Obedient humb 
Serv 1 

To Mr. La Jonquiere 

Governour of Canada. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 371 

In Council Oct. 9, 1750. Eead & Accepted 
Sent down for Concurrence. — 

In the House of Rep ts Oct r 9, 1750 
Read and Concur'd. 



Letter from 8. Phips. 

Boston, May 10, 1750 
Sir. Govern 1 " Cornwallis having informed me that there 
were divers of the Penobscot Indians who joined with the 
Mickmaks & S l Johns Indians when they surprised the Eng- 
lish at Minas in Decern 1 " last & killed divers of his Majestys 
English Subjects there; I do therefore hereby direct you to 
make the strictest Inquiry into this matter that so you may 
obtain the certain Knowledge (if possible) whether there 
were any of the Penobscot Tribe engaged at that time or at 
any other Time since, with his Majestys Enemies in Nova 
Scotia: & if there were any such Penobscot Indians there 
that you will give me their Names; And likewise that you 
endeavor to find out whether they had any Knowledge of the 
Treaty of Falmouth when that Assault was made. And fur- 
ther I hereby direct you to acquaint the whole Tribe as far as 
you can and as soon as may be, that the Treaty of Falmouth 
was a Declaration of their Submission to his Majesty & their 
Engagem 1 to maintain Peace with all his Subjects as well as 
with this Province and that every Act of Hostility committed 
against his Majestys Governm 1 & Subjects of Nova Scotia 
will be resented as a Breach of their Treaty 
Let me have your answer as soon as may be. 

Your friend & Servant 

S. Phips. 
Jabez Bradbury Esqr. 



372 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter J. Wheelwright. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

These are to certify whom it may concern, That I under 
written Commissary General of the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, pursuant to the Orders of the Hon ble the Lieu- 
tenant Governour and Council pass'd January 25 th 1749 
[50J sent by Capt Thomas Saunders in the Province Sloop 
called the Massachusetts, the three Indian Girls mentioned 
in the said Order, with Directions to him to deliver them at 
Richmond Fort in order to their being returned to the East- 
ern Indians, & by him 1 sent a Letter to Capt. William Lith- 
eow Commander of the said Fort to deliver the said Indian 

Girls to the Eastern Indians. 

J. Wheelwright. 

Boston, May 10, 1750 

Second Certificate signed "Thos Sanders," — who ree'd 
from J. Wheelwright the three Indian Girls and delivered 
them to Capt. Lithgow at Richmond — "who returned them 
into the hands of the Kennebec Indians in my presence, & 
they carried them into the Woods, tho much against their 
Inclinations, while I was in Kennebeck River. 
Boston May 10, 1750. 



Letter W m Davis. 

To the hon° Spencer Phips, Esq Lieut Governer &c 

Humbly Remonstrating & Complaining to yo r honour; 
That your Complainant hereto Subscribed has been for some 
past setled upon a Lot of Land on this River of S 1 Georges 
under the hon: Brigadier Samuel Waldo and during that 
time has behaved with due & peaceable carriage Especially 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 373 

to the Indians as well as to his Neighbours who all attest the 
same But so it is may it please your hon r that some time past 
several Indians took upon them to hunt with Dogs and did 
Kill and destroy four Sheep and five young Lambs of your 
Complts property under a pretence that an Indian Dog was 
killed by some of his family, & Threatened that they would 
have further satisfaction for the said Dog &c. 

Your Complainant further saves, that on the 7 th day of this 
present July, several Indians in three Cannoos came up this 
river with Dogs & Guns, some whereof went into the Woods 
where meeting with your Complts Cattle, did shoot & kill a 
heiffer of between two & three old being in Calfe, the hide 
whereof with the Marks of the Shott was produced before 
Capt. Jabez Bradbury, Capt. Joseph Bean, & Ensign Thorn 8 
Fletcher All which matters & things duly conpdrd your 
Complt humbly hopes your hon r will order that the said In- 
dians may be required to Satisfie for the aforementioned 
sheep, Lambs & Heiffer and for the future forbear destroying 
the cattle of the Inhabitants of this River upon any pretence 
whatever, and your Complt will ever pray. 
S* Georges July 9 th 1750. William Davis 



Indian Letter. 

October 10 th 1750. 
Brother. 

When I came here I saw your Letter & like it well, what 
was don when we were at Boston Last we shall abide by we 
must not mind them that com to break the Peace We the 
Penobscots Narrigawocks & Pasamaquadys we are well 
Pleased to se the Truck house Suplied with goods. 

We the Penobcotts Salute the Governour & the whole 

Court. 

Lewe Squadook 
To his Honour \1 Governour Phips. 



374 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indian Letter. 

St. Georges, Oct. 30 th 1750 

Brother It has pleased God that we See Each other to 

day. The Indians came Suddainly on us at our Village and 

we turned them away We tell you the truth and dont cheat 

you we would have you be of the same mind that we are, 

as you desire to Speak Arssaguntacooks &c I shall send my 

young men to them and would know what you'l Give them 

for going. I shall hide nothing from, but let you know 

everything thats worth notice. I salute you and all the 

Gentlemen of the Court. 

Sebanoosett. 
Sebanoosett's Letter to L l Gov r Oct. 1750. 



Indian Letter. 

S l Georges March 1, 1750 
Brother 

Wee came here expecting an answer from you by Capt 
Sanders You first told us that they were quarrilling at Cape 
Sables and that the Penobscots were there also, but we know 
nothing of it. We don 1 look on them that are fighting, but 
on that which was transacted between us last Treaty. Be 
of good courage, follow Gov r Dummers, as was then concluded. 
We wrote to you last fall but have had no answer. We hear 
it is calm all over the world and we look on that Cheapness 
of goods increase love and friendship. 

The Gent'" at Falmouth told us, it was not in their power 
to settle the affairs of trade. But it should be done upon 
their return to Boston. And we expect the trade will here 
be better settled e'er long. This is the mind and spoken by 
our whole Tribe. And we all Salute you and the Gen tm of 
the Council Sebaooset X mark. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE ■>~'> 

Letter J. Bradbury. 

May it please y e Hon r 

I am constantly teased with Indian Complaints In way of 
Trade which I can Answer, by referring them to y e Gov r and 
Council and soften them by promising my best offices to have 
things suddenly and properly settled, which I am obliged to 
do, since the late unhappy affair at Wiscasset lias so soured 
their tempers. 

The subscriber of the above letter to y r Hon 1 " is one of such 
Intrest and Influence in the Tribe that I hope his explanation 
will meet with suitable regard for I have just grounds to be- 
lieve he honestly Expresses the genuine sense of all. 

I humbly beg pardon for this trouble and y e Hon 1 " ac- 
ceptance of this from Y e Hon rs 

Most Dutifull Obed 1 Ser vt 

Jabez Bradbury 



Letter W m Lithgow. 

May it Pleas Your Hon 1- 

I have made Diligent Enquiry of y e ISTarrigewacks con- 
senting y e Canade Indians, as wharther thay thought they 
would return in y e Spring to do us Mischiefs or not, thay 
said thay could not tell, but if thay should that thay Cer- 
tinely would Informe thereof. Som of this Tribe wont to 
Canada last fall as they tell me, & som to Penobscot, those 
which went to Canada, they say arc gon to know y" Ilusulte, 
of them Indians and those which went to penobscott are gon 
to Consult with that Tribe, of what meathuds to take In < !ase 
the Canadians should Come against us In y" Spring. 

I have often Times as oppertunity served my turne 
acqused them of their two Easey with those Indians when 



376 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

thay knew very well they ware Imedietly going to Kill or 
Captivate us. In answar to that thay said that thay En- 
deavoured as much as lay in their power to prevent them 
coming against our people, first by way of advice, and Sec- 
ondely, by offering them a Number of Blankets, & Som Wam- 
pum, and says what could we Do more, but to informe you 
as we did. 

I tould them thay Did well to advise them to go in the 
Eight path which we had latley made as also in offering them 
a present, but says I, had I ben as you, I would have Dun 
more then all this, says thay you Talk strong tell us what 
you would have Dun had you ben as us, I tould them I 
would said as follows, to them you have slighted our good 
advice as also our presents, then you that ware Nerrige- 
wacks amongst them, should have taken hould of your guns, 
& hatchets, and stept out from amongst them, and tould them 
you ware now men as well as thay, and as you will go against 
our Brethrin y r English, we will not see our Brother Suffer 
wronge, we will now go and assist y e English, In pursuing 
you eaven if it be to Canada, and had you spook to them thus 
in a Reselute manner it would infalibely have prevented them 
and thay would have gon back without Doaing us mischief, 
I tould them that this would have ben acting according to our 
last treaty and at the same time, Interpreted to them y e 
Eighth article of their Engagement to us, in the Treaty they 
tould me they Did not Remember any such engagements no 
other ways then to Informe us as thay had Dune, I tould 
them that it was posabell for them to forgeit, But y e writting 
would not Lye, thay asked wheither my governour would 
assis them In case aney English should come against them, 
I tould them when aney Did to try wheither he would or 
not, I added further that it was against them of y e Nerrige- 
wack Tribe as well as us, that y e Canada Indians Did the 
hurt, as it might have a tendency to bracke our friend ship, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE -'177 

and if thay should Com again to Disturbe our pece for to 
aply to y e English governour for assistence, and see whather 
he will Kef use you his assistence or not for I tould them our 
Governour was Engaged to Stop aney English that had made 
peace with them from Stricking of them, as thay war bound 
to us to Stop aney Indians that had made peace with us from 
strickeing of us, Thay seemd to avad this point and turnd 
to som other Discorse, We have had Seavarl arguments on 
those matters which would be too tedious here to Insert 

I fere I have tired your Honors patience alredy but to 
Conclude from all I can gather and Learn from ye Iandians, 
thay at present sum to be most of opinion y e Canadians will 
Do us farther mischief. 

Thay tell me as soon as their peopel coins from Canada 
thay will be Better able to Kesolve me in those matters which 
thay promise to Do. pram Hegon an Indian of this Tribe 
says that as he has Informed me the Last fall of y e mischief 
which befell us, He Hopes your Hon r will Consider Him for 
His good service and send Him a Coat or a good Blanket 
and that He will be Redey for time to cum to Informe us in 
y e like Case, its true he was the Indian which tould me and 
I take him to be y e man of most truth amongst them if your 
Hon 1 " should think it proper to send him a Blanket or Coat 
it might for ought as I know answar a good end. I expect 
as the pond or Lakes will be soon passable for their Canoos to 
here from or see soom of y e Canada Indians. I shall truble 
your Honour no farther at present, but with all Due regard 
beg leave to subscribe my selfe your Honours most Dutifull 
and most Humble Servetn to command 

William Lithgow 
Richmond March ye 4'" 1750/1. 
To y e Honble Spencer phips Esq 1 " 

P: S With submission I would offer a Wor<3 or two more, 
I have been Informed, the Indians of this Tribe, which went 



378 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to Canada the Last fall, will be here this spring: and as we 
are held In suspence att present, and not knowing Rightly 
wheither the late Difference between us & the Indians will 
conclued In a warr with all their tribes, or end In a Treaty 
for I think it must be either one or the other of these that 
will put an end to our present Doubts, now as we keep an 
trade with those Supposed to be our friends whether or not 
it may be Judged necessary by your Hon 1- to add a few men 
to our Number, as their but Small, Considdring the Un- 
certinty of those times 

Yours to Command 

Will 1 " Lithgow. 



Gov. S. Phips to Capt. Bradbury. 

Boston 3 April, 1751. 
Sir. It having been represented to me & His Majestys 
Council That the French are making Settlements at a River 
called LeChock about six Leagues or perhaps some thing 
more, Eastward of Penobscot River, And it being of great 
Importance to the Interest and Safety of this Province that 
a full Discovery sh d be made of this Design that so it may 
be seasonably prevented or defeated. I therefore direct you 
that as soon as possible after your Return to S' Georges River 
you send some English man proper for this Service with one 
of the Indians whom you can confide in, in an Indian Canoe 
up the said River Le Chock or any other place near the same 
where you may have Intelligence that such Settlem ts are 
carrying on, to make Discovery of the same as also of any 
Fortifications that may be built or building in such Place 
and as far as may be of the Strength & Situation of such 
Fortifications; and likewise that they take the Soundings of 
the Said River with as much accuracy as may be & observe 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 379 

bow far it may be navigable for Vessels of Burthen, and 
make Return tbereof to you, and that you immediately make 
report of tbe same to me. 

But if you think of any other & easier method for obtain- 
ing the Knowledge of this Affair I leave it to you to pursue it 
notwithstanding the direction before written I am (&c)— 

S. Phips. 



Letter J. Bradbury. 

S l Georges, April 22 d 1751 
Dear Sir. 

I dought not but by this time you have heard of a String 
of Wampum brought in here by a Frenchman, it was sent 
here by Sebaooset, Wambemando, Squadook & ISToodoet of 
the Tribe as a token of Friendship. On their receiving a 
belt from the S l Johns Indians with an intent to engage them 
in a War against the English which belt they Refus'd and 
sent back. They have since informed ('apt. Bane that Som 
of their Young men hunting far back in the Woods met with 
Cannada Indians who told them they were geting together in 
order to come out against the English, but said they would 
not medle with the People in this place. 

Since I arrived here hav seen som of them and have sent 
to their Chief whom I expect to se in a short time & hope I 
shall be able to give farther <fe better intelligence. The In- 
dians speak frequently of a large Settlement of french at S l 
Johns but say theires none on this side that River, have not 
yet had a opportunity to make any inquiry of my Private 
friends in order to search them out if there be any, but I 
shall embrace the first that Presents. I am Sir your 

Honours Obedient Humble Serv 1 

Jabez Bradbury 
To John Wheelwright Boston 



380 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Samuel Denny. 

Georgetown, April 25, 1751. 
Honoured Sir. 

In the night Ernediatly after my arival here I sent the 
belts of Wampum &c to Kichman Capt Lithgoe wrights me 
that he hop that it may have the desired efect with the In- 
dians that he will do all in his power that it may sucsed some 
to applaud the projection. Our people are all in garason 
their presipitate flight was occasioned by an express from S' 
Georges on the 14 th instant of a frenchman coming in there 
and warning the people, the particulars of the story I have 
not may be it have reached you ere now 

S r On the 21 st Instant I saw a letter from Capt Nickals 
of Shepscut to Capt Lithgow desiring him to advise the 
friend Indians to keep at a distance for that as the people 
of Shepscut were beat of doing any business and were driven 
to garason they intended to send out scouts to search after 
the Enemy and to try to sarve them according to their own 
play what they will do and what the consequence will be I do 
not know but if this way of proseding is not good at this 
time it would be well if they were ordered to disist this being 
the nedful from your very humble SaiV 

Samuell Denny 



Letter J Willard. 

Boston, April 26, 1751 
Sir. 

The General Court having ordered me to notify the Rela- 
tions of the English Captives taken in the Eastern Parts last 
Fall by the Indians, that they will be sent by the Govern 1 " of 
Canada some time in the next month to Crown Point in order 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 381 

to be ransomed, That so such Relations may make provision 
for their Redemption accordingly; And the most of the said 
Captives being taken from your River, the Lieuten* Govern 1 " 
& Council have ordered me to send you this Information with 
a Schedule of the several sums demanded for their Ransom 
& sent hither by the Govern' of Canada Desiring & Direct- 
ing you immediately to notify the proper Persons & inform 
them of the respective sums charged for that sev 1 Relations 
whose Names are contained in the said List. I would further 
acquaint you that a Livre is valued in Exchange at Ten pence 
half peny Sterling or nine shillings old Ten 1 " 
I am Sir, Y r hu 1 Serv 1 



Cap 1 W m Lithgow. 



J. Willard 



Letter W m Lithgow. 

Richmond, May 15 th 1751. 
May it Please your Honour. 

This Day Five Indians came in here who desire to inform 
your Hon r that they came from Canada some time last Win- 
ter and have been hunting since between there & here, they 
told me that their Hearts were very uneasy concerning their 
Brethren who they left here behind them last fall and fur- 
ther told me the French Governour told them that it was 
not worth their while to come to look for their aboves d 
Brethren for that the English had surely taken or killed them 
and that there was no other way to look for them but by 
taking up the Hatchet, and look for them by that of War, 
but as they had now found them their hearts were easy and 
were very much obliged to your Hon 1 " for the good treatmenl 
which they received, and added further that as we had not 



382 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

made a handle of the behaviour of the Canada Indians last 
fall and we having treated the abov sd Indians contrary to 
what the French suggested to them whilst they were in 
Canada so they would in like manner treat us. Sometime 
after others came in who informed me agreeable to the above 8d 
accounts in every particular only added that five Indians left 
Canada Sometime before last Christmas and that when the 
s d five Indians left Canada the Indians in General had not 
come to a resolution not to molest those frontiers belonging 
to this government and it was possible they might do mis- 
chief if they should not meet with them before I advised 
them by all means to search them out and put a stop to any 
further mischief if possible, as they had now put us of our 
Guard by writeing to the Govern 1 " that all the People might 
go about their respective Labour without molestation from 
them, Sometime after they came here & informed me that 
they had Spoke with two of the above sd five Indians and that 
they were come in with them to trade & were peaceably in- 
clined, those 2 Indians informed me that they parted with 
the other three Sometime in March and that they had not 
seen them since, whilst one of those Indians were here, the 
Fathers of the 3 Boys that were taken at North Yarmouth 
came to inquire about their sons which I communicated to 
him & the others that were with him, upon which they said 
it was hard and that it was a weighty affair, and could not 
be soon rectifi'd, and that they would see to it, and if nothing 
could be done at present, they would endeavor to settle it at 
the proposed interview. The Indians have mentioned their 
uneasyness at the English hunting upon their ground, which 
they likewise propose to speak of at the Interview, they like- 
wise complain of their being overreach'd in Trade by some 
of the Private traders, when they are Drunk, all which is 
humbly offer'd by your Hon rs Obedient Servant, 

Will" 1 Lithgow. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 383 

P. S. One of the afore"* 1 Five Indians which was at the 
Fort when the Fathers of these Boys that were captivated at 
North Yarmouth asked me if I had rec d a Letter from the 
Govern 1 " of Canada. I told him I had, he ask'd me whal he 
s li in his Letter, & then ask'd me what he would do with those 
Captives which were taken Captive at Swan Island & else- 
where the Last Fall, In answer to his Question I told him 
the Govern 1- of Canada had wrote us that he would send them 
to Crown point some time this month. As to the affair of 
your taking Captives and Killing Cattle & burning Houses 
belonging to the English, he said you did all that mischief 
without his consent & contrary to his Desire, & that he had 
no hand in that matter, the [ndian that asked me the above 
Question then Smiled & lap'd out his tongue and Said it was 
a mistake, & then told me that the Govern 1, of Canada danced 
along by their severall Camps and throw a Gun & Hatchett 
into each of them, and that it was a great while before any 
of the Indians answer'd him, at length three of the Captains 
arose up and accepted of his proposalls, the others present 
remained silent at that time, and by their perswasions turned 
the above three Captains hack from doing us any further 

mischief. 

William Lithiiow 



Letters from L' dor. to Lithgow and Bradbury. 

Boston, April 11, 17.*> 1. 
Sir. These are to direct you forthwith to send for some 
of the Chiefs of the Norridgewock Indians: And upon their 
coming in acquaint them that I have at the desire of the Gen- 
eral Court of this Province appointed to hold a Conference 
Either in Person or by Commissioners for Confirming & 



384 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Establishing the Peace with the several Tribes of Eastern In- 
dians that are or have been in Amity with us, including the S l 
Francois Tribe; 

The Place of Conference will be S l Georges River, & the 
Time the first of August next, or about that time, And you 
must engage the Chiefs you see to get a Meeting of their 
Tribe as soon as may be, & by such Chief or Chiefs, send the 
Wampam Belt you will receive by the Bearer marked Nor- 
ridgewock Tribe & direct him to deliver the same at such 
meeting in my name as a Token of my Friendship to the s d 
Tribe cV desire the presence of their Chiefs & others as they 
shall think proper at the said conference — You are further 
directed to send some Trusty Indian with the other Belt 
to the S l Francois Tribe, to be by him delivered in my 
name to some of the Chiefs of that Tribe as an Intimation 
of my desire that the said Tribe would send their Delegates 
to the proposed Conference at S l Georges on the first of 
August next. And you may agree with the s d Messenger 
for such Recompence as yon shall think reasonable. You 
must press the Indians to be as Speedy in their answer as 
may be; and give them all possible assurances of safeguard 
and protection in their Meeting on this occasion ; and ac- 
quaint me with your proceedings in this affair as anything 
shall occur. 

I have wrote to Cap 1 Bradbury & sent him a Belt to be de- 

liver'd to the Penobscot Tribe to invite them to join in the 

Conference. 

Y r Friend & Serv 1 

To Bradbury. 

I have wrote Cap 1 Lithgow & sent him 2 Belts to be de- 
livered, one to the Norridgewack, & the other to the S 1 
Francois Tribes to invite them to Join in the Conference 

Y r Friend & Serv 1 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 385 

Order of House. 

In House of Rep™ June 21, 1751. 

Voted that his Honour the Commander in Chief be de- 
sired to give Orders for the Enlisting a Company of fifty 
good and effective men in the lower part of the County of 
York to attend him as a Guard at the proposed Interview 
with the Indians. [Passed in order] 

[Do.] June 21, 1751.— 

Voted that the sum of four hundred pounds be allowed out 
of the Indian Truck Trade to the Commissary General to 
Purchase Provisions for His Hon r the Lieu 1 Gov 1 " and the 
Gentlemen who shall attend him at the Interview with the 
Eastern Tribes of Indians at the Eastward in August next. 

Also Voted that the Sum of Two Hundred and Eighty 
pounds be allowed out of the said Trade to the Commissary 
General to be delivered either in whole or in part to the In- 
dians at the said Interview by His Hon 1- the Lieut Gov 1- in 
the name of this Court. 

[Passed and consented to in form]. 



Lt. Gov r to Spencer Phips. 

Cambridge July 13, 1751. 
Sir. Finding that my ill Health will not allow me to 
attend personally at the proposed Treaty with the Eastern 
Indians (besides other Circumstances attending my own & 
the publick affairs which will render niv Absence Extreamly 
inconvenient) I have determined to appoint Commissioners 
for that Service, And I must therefore pray the Favour of 
you to act at the Head of this Commission. The Other 
Gentlemen I purpose to appoint for this Business are M r 
Thomas Hutchinson, M r Speaker Hubbard, Judge Russell, 

26 



386 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& Coll Heath. I must intreat you not to decline this Service, 
For I apprehend that your presence will give a great Satis- 
faction to the Indians and be a great means to facilitate the 
Affair of the Treaty. I am with great Respect 

S r Your most liumb. Serv 1 

S. Phips 
S r W" Pepperell Bar 1 

To the foregoing, a letter by Sec'y Willard is appended, 
showing reasons for, and desires for, his acceptance of the 
appointment in promoting and giving weight to the results 
desired ; also alluding to his severe recent affliction in the 
death of an only son, but hoping this will not hinder his 
service to the country: Likewise informing of the Time & 
Place. 



Letter Jabez Bradbury. 

S 4 Georges, Aug st 3 d 1751 
May it Pleas your Honour 

The penobscots are determined to meet your Honer at this 
place the nineteenth of this month the S l Johns Indians who 
have many of them bin here say the same, and as far as I am 
able to discern they are sincere in what they say Two of 
their young men are this day going over to narrigwock to se 
the Indians of that Tribe & the S' Francois & indeaver to 
bring them here to the Treaty. They are well pleasd to hear 
that Coll Mascareen is to be here at the Interview and have 
told me often that there will be no more acts of hostility 
Commited at Cheebacta. 

Inclosd is a Letter from Squadook. 

Subscribed in form 

Jabez Bradbury 
Aug 3 d 1751. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE '■>! 

Indian Letter. 

Brother we like what you Last wrote to us & are glad that 
your hearts are so much Inclined to Peace, & our hearts are 
as much for peace as yours, it Revives our Harts that you 
strive so much for peace, Dont let the Late mischief Break 
us to pieces in Sixteen Days from this time we hope to se 
you here. I am glad to here that Coll. Mascreen also will 
be heire from Novascotia as we have don what we can so we 
hope you will assist us. I in the behalf of the Panobscots 
salute the Governer & Council We like the Proceeding of 
the Governer of Chabuckta & also Salute him 

Squadooks X mark. 
To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq 1 " 



Letter Lt. Gov r to Jabez Bradbury. 

C l Bradbury 

Sr I rec d your L r of 3 d Inst p C l Saunders & of the 4 th p 
Hatch the Jesuits L r w ch you refer to in the latter did not 
come inclosed as therein mentioned 

There appears such a Disposition in the Ind s at present 
to break with us & the Inhabitants of the East n Country are 
so distressed by them that I have sent C l Saunders down with 
some Supplies for their Relief, for I think it not proper to 
see them until! I hear of a better Disposition to peace. Tf 
things sh d put on a better face before C 1 Saunders returns to 
Boston, I propose the Interview shall go on, but it will neces- 
sarily be something later than the l!>' h of this month as they 
proposed, but hope that I or the Gen ,ni from this Gov 1 will be 
ready to go down with Cpt Sanders next times he goes. In 
the mean time if the Indians continue this Unsteady Con- 



•388 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

duct, you must forbear supplying them with any Ammun n at 
all or indeed with Provisions either except for their present 
support. I am Sir — Y r assured Friend 

S. Phips. 



Letter Jabez Bradbury. 

S 1 Georges August 13, 1751 
May it Please your Honour. 

The day after I wrote my last letter which was the fourth 
of August Came some of this tribe and desired me not to send 
the Account I had Kecivd the day before or that I would 
Contradict it by another, they not being any of their Chiefs 
i first told them they were to Late the letter was gon & could 
not be Recald besides having in two days wrote two Con- 
tradictory Letters & now to write a third, the Governer 
would think that I had to doe with mad men or Children, 
therefore should not write until they had consulted to- 
gether & writ something to the Governer, which might Sat- 
isfie him of their Sincrrety in desiring to meet him here as 
soon as Posable agreeable to the Proposd Treaty all which 
they said was Right and Seemed to like. 

Sundry times since that have seen Several of their Lead- 
ing men to whom I said the same & told them it Lookt like 
a piece of french Rogery continued on purpose to prevent an 
interview least we should com to have a good understanding 
and live like Brethren together, They saw it was Realy so 
and they Knew it & Blamd the Jesuit for sending so sudainly 
& Privatly as he did. 

Your Honour by their inclosd Letter may se what they say 
to me they appear to be Sincear if they are not their more 
false than ever Indians were afore. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 389 

It is Eight days since they sent affter the Xarrigewocks to 
prevent their doing further mischief and invite them to the 
treaty with this Government and also that of Xovascotia hav- 
ing carried a belt of wampum to them from Governer 
Conwalis. 

[Subs, in form] Jabez Bradbury 

P. S. I told them they could not but be Sensable that 
what the Indians had done at Kennebeck & other places had 
bin a means of hindering the Treatys being at the time ap- 
pointed and that the letter I had sent from the Jesuit (which 
would set the whole Country on him) would Certainly make 
the time yet longer but that I did believe the Governor would 

treat with them. 

I am as above 

J. Bradbury 



Letter of Indian Osung. 

St. Georges August 13, 1751 

to Governer Phips. 

The last letter you had from hence is not to be minded, the 

Jesuit thought they were coming out to warr and in hast sent 

advice before we had time to consult & stopp them as soon as 

we could get togather we did stopp them, believe what we say 

none of this tribe will and we have turned the others back and 

we shall still walk in the Path of Peace of Love, and as 

we agreed at Boston if any should otter to hurt you we would 

give timely notice and indeaver to prevent it. AVe should 

be glad to know whether you will treat with us here or not. 

Here are many forrniers waiting for the treaty and they are 

tired waiting so long, all the Chiefs of the Penopscuts Salute 

the Governer & Council. 

Osung Speaker. 



390 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Memorial of Elizabeth Vass. 

Memorial to Gov r & Gen Court, of Elizabeth Vass of St. 

Georges, — March 28, 1751 

"Your memorialist y e widow of John Vass had a Son in 
"Service of the Government under the command of Jabez 
"Bradbury in y r month of Sepf 1747 at S 1 Georges, which 
"Time y e said Bradbury with a number of his Soldiers had an 
"Engagem 1 with the Indians in which my son John Vass was 
"Kill'd." 

Wages are due which the mother can not obtain but by 
administration and by expensive journey to York, so entreats 
direct payment by authority of Gen 1 Court. Granted Apr. 5. 



John Minot et al to Lt. Gov r . 

Brunswick Ap r 16. 1751. 
Hon d Sir— 

This waits on you by M rs Ross who is the Wife of Will m 
Ross now in Captivity in Canada he was taiken at Sheepscot 
where he had his house and Substance burnt by the indians 
the last warr and last Sepf what they had obtained by their 
industry was again burnt in a Garrison by the Ennymy and 
M r Ross and his Eldest Son carryed away to Canada said 
Ross is a lame man and has left this woman and three small 
Children not able to help her in poor circumstances This 
is therefore to pray your hon r to consider her Condition and 
begg you would use your wonted goodness to relieve her by 
moving the Goverm 3 to taike some method to get her husband 
out of Captivity or relieving his fammily as in your Wisdom 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 391 

you shall think hest We knew the man to be a Sober honest 
well minded man — 

We are Yo r Humb 1 Serv ts 

John Minot 
Robert Kinney 

Selectmen 



Cornelius Soule to 8ec v Willard. 

To Sec'y Willard— 

These follow you with the sorrowful ac' of the Indians 
carrying of M r Edmond ('handlers Eldest Son and M r Ben- 
jamin Mitchells Eldest and Youngist all which they took just 
by y e corner of M r Greeley's Feild Yesterday Just before 
night they also kild 2 oxen for M r King all which I Desire 
Youd Let the Capt Gener" know as soon as Possible I need 
not urge you to use your best Endevours that Releife may be 
Immediately Sent Down to y r Frontiers in these Parts their 
Distressed Condition is sowell known to you that I am 
perswaded you cant Possibly omit it. I am Just Come out of 
your House and am of opinion that Your Family Will Soon 
remove if they have no assistance sent which is in haste from 

our Hum bI Serv 1 

Cornelius Soul. 
N Y th May 26 : 1751. 



Memorial James \Y hidden. 

Adressed to Jeremiah Powell Esq. Boston — 
To Governor & Gen Court in session Wed. May 29. 1751. 
The Memorial of James Whidden of Swan Island in Merry- 
meeting Bay. Humbly Sheweth That in the late Kxnir 



392 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sion of the Indians on the Eighth day of September last, early 
in the morning, his House was Surrounded with a Party of 
Indians to the dumber of Twenty or thereabouts who in a 
hostile manner did enter into his House destroying and 
plundering all his Furniture & carried away all that they 
could of any Value; Your Memorialist, with his Wife 
saved themselves by getting down the Cellar, which they had 
but time to do without putting on their Cloaths to cover their 
Nakedness. That your Memorialist had two sons carried 
into Captivity & Sold in Canada, one of which died there, the 
other through Favour of Divine Providence, & the Kind Care 
of this Government, which he desires thankfully to acknowl- 
edge, is returned home, but by the hardships endured is 
greatly impaired in his Health. 

Also at the same Time were taken his Son in law & his 
Wife (being your Memorialists Daughter) with seven of their 
children viz 4 Three Sons & four Daughters, from the age of 
Fourteen to about eight months also a Man Servant & a Maid 
Servant in all thirteen, Eleven of whom yet remain either in 
Canada, or at Crown Point Fort. Its with great Concern of 
mind your Memorialist understands that great Care & Pains 
are taken by the French to whom they are sold to initiate his 
Grand children into the Eomish Principles and by all the 
Motives of Charity and Compassion to their Souls as well as 
their Bodies he is obliged to pray & Seek for Liberty & Ee- 
demption; which under the great Loss he has sustained, as 
already represented, he is utterly unable to accomplish by his 
own Means. Your Memorialist desires to Acknowledge with 
all Gratitude the great Care of this Government in sending 
an Express for their Eedemption and as he hopes they are 
brought so far as Crown Point, by the Mediation of this 
Government, yet if the Charge of their Eansom is expected 
from your Memorialist under his unhappy circumstances, he 
is obliged to inform your Honours that he is in no Capacity 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 393 

to answer that Charge, And under God, has no where else to 
seek redress, but in the Compassion of this Government to 
endeavour the Compleating of their Redemption. 

Your Memorialist therefore humbly recommends his dis- 
tressed Circumstances to your Honour and this Honourable 
Court earnestly entreating their Compassion iv. that they 
would in their great Goodness grant him that Relief as in 
their Wisdom shall seem meet & his present distressed Case 
Calls for; and your Memorialist as in duty bound .shall ever 

pray & 

James Whidden. 



Letter of Seth Webb. 

At Montreal the 29 ,h July: 1751. 
Honourd Father — 

This few lines, is to Let you Know that T am in Good 
health, I live at Present with M r Gamelin at Saint francois, 
he has Redeemed me from the Indians for 300 Livers I Bee; 
you Dear father to Redeem me as Soon as Possible you can 
I Long much to Gitt home, Pray Give my Service to my 
Dear Mother & Brothers & Sisters I Remain Your Duti- 
ful] Son. 

Seth Webb. 



the humble patission of Samuel Webb of New Marblehd 
humble Sheweth that on the twenty first day of Septem r last 
was twelve months since I had a son taken and carried away 
Captive who is not yet returned; though I understand that 
all or the most of all that was taken about the same time is: 
and that their redemption was paid by the Government 
wherefore your patissinor humbly begs that your Honour 



394 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and the Honorable Court would take my case into your wise 
Consideration and grant me the same favour as has bin 
granted to others who has bin in the like Surcomstances 
though I believe none so deploreable Difacalt as mine by 
reson of exstreme poverty and my wife has bin sick ever 
Sine my Son was tacke; and mor latly it has plesd God to 
lay bis hand on me and won of my Children so that I am 
brought to exstreme difaculties & not able to redeme him if 
he should be made a Slave by another nation all his dayes: 
I have recieved a lettor from my son sum time since where 
in he informs me that a frenchman has ransomed him of the 
Indians for three hundred Livers and begs me to take what 
care I can for his redemtion : now may it pies your Honour 
and the Honourable Court : I have no other way to answer 
the request of his letter but to beg help of the Government : 
which your patissinor humbly begs you would take the de- 
ploreable case of your humble patissinor into your wise and 
compashanate consideration that I may have my child re- 
stored to me again as sune as posable and your patissinor 

shall ever pray. 

Samuel Webb. 
Oct r 2: 1751. 

Petition granted : allowed from Treas'y Eighteen 

pounds ten shillings— Equal to 300 livers. 



Petition Sam 1 HinMey and others. 

Jan. 27, 30 1752 

The Petition of Sam 11 Hinckley Sarah Hinckley and Sarah 
Lumber, Humbly Sheweth, that on the 24 th of July last the 
Indians carried away his son and their Husbands; and are 
with them now at Canada, and humbly beg your Honours 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 395 

would take their Maloncoly Sarcuinstancies into your wise 
Consideration that they Edmond And Gideon Hinckley, and 
Sam" Lumbers may be Delivered out of a Land of Darkness 
and State of Captivity that thay may be Brought to Enjoy 
not only Civil but Sacred Priviledges in their Xative Land, 
and we Sarah Hinckley & Lumber further beg your Hoik mis 
would think on the troubles of your Honours hand-maids 
who have had our Husbands Carried and Kept from us and 
we Left in the wilderness without a Guide or any to Provide 
for us or our Childring which we hope your Honours will 
Redress by Providing for their Speedy Return to ns and 
their friends and we as in Duty Bound shall Ever Pray 

Samuell Hinkley 



Sarrah Hinkley 
Sarah Lumber 



Brunswick Nov r 30 th 1751. 



Memorial of Samuel Whilney. 

The Memorial of Samuel Whitney of Brunswick Humbly 
Sheweth — That your Memorialist & his Son Samuel with 
five more of the Inhabitants, while at work together mowing 
their Hay, on Wednesday the 24 th day of July last about two 
o'clock in the Afternoon were surrounded and surprised by 
nineteen Indians & one Frenchman, who were all armed & 
in a hostile manner did seize upon & by Force of Arms 
obliged them to submit their Lives into their hands; And one 
of our Number Viz 1 Isaac Hinkley, in attempting to make his 
escape was killed in a barbarous Manner cV Scalped, After 
we were secured by said Indians they destroyed & wounded 
between 20 & 30 head of Cattle, belonging to the Inhabitants, 



396 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

some of which were the Property of your Memorialist. The 
said Party of Indians were Nine of them of ISTorridgewalk 
Tribe, one of whom was well known, the other were Canada 
Indians. That the JSorridgewalk Indians appeared more 
forward for killing all the Captives, but were prevented by 
the other Indians. 

Your Memorialist was by them carried to Canada & there 
sold for 126 Livers, And the said Indians when they came 
to Canada wore New Cloaths, had new Guns given them, 
with Plenty of Provisions, as an Encouragement for this 
Exploit. 

That the Governour of the Penobscot Tribe was present 
when He was sent for to sing a Chorus, as is the Custom of 
using their Captives, <fc manifested equal Joy with the other 
Indians that took them. And the Norridgewalk Indians 
had removed from Norridgewalk, & were now Sett down on 
Canada River, supposed to be drawn there by the Influence 
of the French. 

These things your Memorialist cannot Omitt observing to 
your Honour, and his Redemption was purchased by one M r 
Peter Littlefield formerly taken Captive and now resident 
among them to whom your Memorialist stands indepted for 
said 126 Livers, being the Price of his Liberty which when 
he had so far obtained, he applied himself to the Governour 
of Canada for a Pass, who readily granted it; that his Re- 
turn was by way of Louisbourgh, where said Pass was taken 
from him, by the Lord Intendant on Some Pretence, which 
he could not obtain of him again. 

That your Memorialists Son yet remains in Captivity 
among the Indians with three more that were taken at the 
Same Time, and he has a Wife with Eight Children under 
difficult Circumstances by reason of this misfortune. 

This son has since made his escape from the Indians and 
is returned home. — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 397 

Your Memorialist having thus represented his unhappy 

Sufferings to this Hon ble Court humbly recommends his Case 

to the Compassion of this Hon ble Court hoping they will in 

their great goodness provide for the Redemption of his Son, 

& enable him to answer his obligation to said M r Littlefield, 

who was so kind as to pay his Ransom, Your Memorialist 

being in no Capacity to answer that Charge as he is reduced 

to great Straits, And your Memorialist as in Duty bound 

shall ever pray &c. 

Samuel Whitney. 

[Granted the Pet nr £6-6s, equal 120 livres.]- 

Jan'y 21, 29, 1752. 



Order to raise Soldiers. 

Boston July 31, 1751. 
Sir, 

Having rec d further Advices, of the Continuance of the 

Indian Enemy about Kennebeck River & divers Persons 

being captivated & Cattle killed by them, I think it necessary 

for the Safety of that Frontier to raise an Hundred & fifty 

men besides the fifty men already raised by Coll. Ezekeel 

Cushing. And therefore I desire & hereby impower & direct 

you forthwith to enlist out of the Regiment of .Militia under 

your Comand one Company consisting of fifty able bodied 

Men well armed & send them to Falmouth to be under the 

Direction of Coll. Ezekeel Cushing And I must leave it to 

your Discretion to do any thing needful for repelling tin' 

Enemy in case they sh d appear in any of the Exposed places 

in your Region. And I herewith send yon two blank 



398 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

be put under the command of good Officers suitable to this 

service. I am Sir, Your humble Serv 1 

S. Phips. 
Sir W m Pepperrell Bar 1 — 



Order to raise Soldiers to Guard frontier. 

Boston July 31, 1751. 
Sir. — 

In Consideration of the Indian Enemy s Continuance upon 
your Frontiers & the Mischiefs they are Continually doing 
there I think it necessary & hereby order & impower you 
forthwith to raise two other companys of fifty able bodied 
men each, well armed & put them under good Officers for 
whom I now send you blank Commissions. 

I have also given my orders to S r W m Pepperell to raise 
one Company of fifty able men under proper Officers to be 
sent down to Falmouth to be under your direction. And 
it is my intention that these men should be constantly em- 
ploy'd for one month in guarding the Frontier Settlements 
that are most exposed between Saco & Kennebeck River, and 
in case any further Mischief be done by the Indians that 
these Companys be directed to parsue them & that every 
Commander of a Party keep a Journal of his proceedings, 
and I doubt not the general Court will allow them Pay & 
subsistence for the time they are in actual service & will 
award further any of them over & above their pay for any 
distinguishing services that may be done by them in cap- 
tivating any of the Enemy. I am still of Opinion & the 
Council join with me in it that the Distress our Frontiers 
are in proceeds from the S* Francois Indians & that the 
Penobscots & the main body of the Norridgewalks are de- 
sirious of continuing in Peace with us, and although I think 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 399 

we ought not to Sit still & see our people harrass'd in this 
maimer yet if there be a possibility of avoiding involving our 
selves in a War with those Tribes it is a thing Much to be 
desired & I am in hopes that a Conference with those Tribes 
if it can be had may produce an Accommodation with the 
whole. 

The Commissary General will send provisions & ammuni- 
tion for these forces to Jabez Fox Esqr. 

I think it proper you should let Major Freeman know 
that his manner of expressing himself seems to imply a wil- 
ful & designd neglect in the Government of the Frontiers 
and that he has not preservd that Decency which he oughl to 
have done & which I shall expect from him for the future. 
I am Sir Your humble Serv' 



[No address, but undoubedly sent to Col. dishing.] 



S. Phips. 



Boston Aug. 17, 1751.— 
Sir. 

These are to inform you that I have appointed live Com- 
missioners to treat with the Indians at S' Georges who pur- 
pose to embark this Day; And I have directed & Lmpowered 
them to raise a Guard among the Inhabitants, living on (li- 
near that river; So that there will be no further use as a 
Guard of the Fifty men raised for that Service al Falmouth. 
You are therefore hereby ordered forthwith to dismiss tin 
said Fifty Men, unless it shall appear to you that the ex- 
posed state of the Frontiers where those men are posted re- 
quires their Continuance in service. Y r Friend & Servant 

S Phips. — 
To Col Ezek 1 Gushing 



400 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

William Lithgow to Col. Gushing. 

May it pleas your Hon 1- /. 

This Day I have had Intelegence by one of The Nerrige- 
walk Tribe That lie saw This morning six of the Canady 
Indians who ware as he said Going Immidiately to fall on 
our Frontiers within 3 or 4 Days, or in a Less Time, and 
says farther, There will be no Treaty Between us and the 
English, It is Greatly to be feared by what I can Learn 
from him, That The Nerrigewalk Tribe and the penobscots 
will soon Joyn with Those of our Enimies, if not Immi- 
dately I also suspect by his talk, That Those Indians w ch 
Carried The belt of wampum to Canady, are now returned 
but have had no Account from Them w ch Looks very Dubies 
That the Nerrigewalks have a mind to break Friendship with 
us, he also Delivered me The Articles of The Treaty w ch war 
Given Them at falmouth, which seems to Look also with an 
111 aspect, This being The whole of what I have at present 
to Inform your hon r of. I humbly beg Leave with Due Re- 
gard to Subscribe myself your most Dutiful hum ble Serv 1 to 

Command 

William Lithgow. 



Lithgow to Lt. Gov r . 

To the Hon ble Spencer Phips Esq 1 " 
Richmond, July the 9 1751. 
May it please your hon r / 

On The 11 Instant In the forenoon at This Garrison we 
ware alarmed by a Number of Indians appearing at a Small 
Distance from the Fort, a Driveing our Cattle from The 
side of y e River Into the woods. Upon w ch they began to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 401 

fire on Them and Continued so to Do for near half an hour, 
In w ch Time they Killed nine head of Cattle, and wounded 
several others, as to The number of Indians I could form no 
Judgement, they Being Continually Upon the run after the 
Cattle, upon w ch I fired a Larm, and fearing least it should 
not be heard by the Neighbouring Inhabitants it being very 
stormy at That Time, at Nine aClock In the Evening I fired 
a Nother upon hearing of w ch the people of Witscasset & 
Arowsick must d a Bout forty men Under the Comm d of Capt" 
Grant, & Lieut Wright and Came to This Garrison Saturday 
Evening & upon a Short Consultation It was Judged proper 
to go the same night up to a small River Called Cabbassey 
Contick aBout ten miles Distance from This Fort w th a De- 
sign if Possible to make some Discovery of those Indians w ch 
had been Killing The Cattle at this place. Upon Their go- 
ing to ye above s d place, they found nothing but a numb 1 " of 
Caggs & Glass Bottles & one Hatchet w ch y e Nerrigewalk In- 
dians had carried from Hence aBout 4 Days since & was well 
Known to belong to the Nerrigewalk Indians, as also The 
Hatchett y e handle of w ch was spatterd w th Blood which we 
Suppose was Imployed In Cutting up the Cattle they Killed 
& from this Circumstance & y e preveaus Discource I had 
with y m Just before they Did This mischief, I can Think no 
other Then They ware active Killing Those Cattle. It was 
Generally Thought by Those people which went up to Cab- 
basey Contick, The Numb 1 " of Indians to be aBout 50 or 60 
by the Green Boughs they had set up In order to Screen y"' 
selves from y e Sun as also a Considerable Numb 1 " of fire 
plases from this time I very much Fear we shall hear of 
Nothing But our poor peoples being Daily Killed and Cap- 
tivated & their houses Burnt Cattle Killed & feilds Destroyed 
by ye Enimy, as to y e Discourse I had with y m Just before 
This mischeif I urged y m by all the Aurguments I Could 
make use for y m to give your Hono r an ace 1 of the Day Could 

27 



402 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

best attend on ye perposed Inter veiw at Georges, and as we 
ware now In Freindship & perfit Emmety with Each other, 
it behaved Each of ns to Contribute to Each others Ease & 
Satisfaction In y e weighty matter now before us of Con- 
firming a Lasting peace Between us their ans r to this was 
that they must goe to Georges to Consult That Tribe first 
& In ten Days I should have their ans r when y e time for the 
Treaty would suit y m best, but instead of their going to penob- 
scott they only Loitred about y e Garrison for y e Space of 6 
I >ays after, seeing of y m They Behave with so much Indif- 
ferency, I called y m together the second time & acused y m 
with their Indifferency and neglect of not Going to penobscott 
According to their promise & at y e same Time Related to y m 
how they had In y e spring of y e year, put our people of their 
Guard, by telling y m they might go safely aBout their Busi- 
ness, and should not be hurt by any of ye Indians, and how 
that presently after their promise, 3 Boys were captivated at 
North Yarmouth and a man killed at Falmouth, as also severall 
Cattle Killed & waste houses Rifled by y 6 Indians at Sundry 
times, which they ware well Knowing to long since, & that 
they might have Ceartainly prevented it seeing it was of so 
Long Continuance if they had exerted themselves like one 
brethren towards another, Then I told y m Farther when I 
Come to reflect upon what had befell us already & compare 
those former actions with their present Indifferency it looked 
to me as if they ware only a trifling with us, and was not 
harty In the Good Design of that of making a Lasting Peace. 
I used several other arguments to this purpose which would 
be too Tedious to Insert, to all this they gave me no satis- 
factory ans r onely tould me they ware going to penobscott to 
Consult aBout The Treaty, then they Desired me to give y m 
the present the Govrn r had sent y m I told y m I was ready to 
give it to y m according to their own proposal, That if when 
they ware all together here at this place, or at Least The 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 403 

major part of their Tribe, which they might Remember well, 

was that we aGreed upon, and Could not be Done any other 

ways to their Satisfaction unless they ware all or the most 

part of y m heare. I tould y m I Expect it Long or This Time 

that they would have all be in here, and when ever they Came 

it was then Ready for y m they had no further Discourse with 

me but Immediately Departed, y e next Day Came In old 

Francies and told me that In 7 Days or Less time it would 

be war, and That we should have no Treaty he told us to 

have a Good heart, and do the best we could. 3 Days after 

they Came here and Killed our Cattle. This being The 

Substance of what past between us With all Due Regard 

I humbly beg leave to subscribe my self your liono" most 

Dutifull humble Ser 1 to command. 

William Lithgow 
To The Hon ble Spencer Phips Esq 1 " 

Richmond July 15 th 1751. 

P. S. May it pleas your hon r at present our Duty In y" 
fort is very hard by reason of y e Danger of ye times, and y" 
smallness of our numb 1 ", so that we are obliged Each night, 
Every man of us to mount Guard, and pray you would Con- 
sider our present Circumstance by Reinforceing of us as 
your hono r shall see meet. 

W. Lithgow. 



Lithgow to IJ. Gov r . 

May it please your lion 1 "/. 

I Rece d your Letter of y e 23 th Instant p r Capt n Sanders 
also two others of the 11 & 17 of this month \\'' h advices I 
shall Carefully observe & use y e utmost of my Endeav rs to 
ans r The Design & Interest of this Goverm' In Every par- 
ticular, if any of y e Indians Give me further opportunity 



404 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I have seen none of them so as to Speak with thein since 
Capt n Francois a ISTerrigewalk Indian brought In That 
Treaty concluded Between them & us at Falmouth In Casco 
Bay, Dated 16 th Day of Octob r 1749, which Treaty was Signed 
by The hono rble Tho s Hutchson Esq r Jn° Choate Isreal Wil- 
liams and James Ottis Esq rs so that your hon r here has a 
particular ace" of y e Treaty and by whom it was Deliver'd 
me and That it is no Coppy but the real Treaty which was 
signed by y e aboves d Gent'men en hands and That y e Indian 
which Deliver'd it to me was Ceartainly a Kerrigewalk man 
Thus much Concerning y e Treaty, it being In ans r to your 
hon rs postcribt In your Letter to me of y e 23 rd Instant W th 
Submission there Seems to me to be Something remarkable 
Both In That of Cap tn Bradburys Letter as also That of y e 
Jesuits which undobtly has not pass d your Hon rs Notice, y e 
Indians advises Capt n Bradbury in his Letter, (In y e first 
place) to This Goverm 1 That y e Indians which Carried The 
Belt of Wampum to Canady Delivered it to y e Leu 1 Govern 11 
of that place who Commanded them for so Doing, which 
Commendation is not only fer their Delivering it to him but 
as I suppose for their Receiving of it from this Governi 1 as 
a token of peace between y e Indians & us & at the Same time 
advise them to be at peace with y e English. Thus much of 
Capt" Bradburys Letter now as to y e Jesuits Letter where y e 
Indians intimates their Desire of continuing y e peace between 
us and them it is in vain say thy, that y e frenchmen Sets 
Every Thing on work to Engage us to Declare war aGainst 
you, we have answ d him that we are free & that we cannot 
break ye peace with you &c. 

He secretly sends strangers to war aGainst you at Nerrige- 
walk hopeing That you will take occasion from thence to 
break y e Treaty it is for this reason we pray you &c. to con- 
tinue your Frendship to us now compareing The two parts 
of y e aBove sited Letters together wherein Capt n Bradburys 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 4:05 

letter The Indians say y e Govern 1 * of Canada advises them 
to be at peace with us and In y e Jesuits Letter y e say he sends 
Strangers aGainst us to war hereby to break our Freindship 
from this consideration it seems to me the penobscots plainly 
eontridict themselves, I cannot see how y" penobscot In- 
diana can with any shew of Reason or modesty Desire peace 
from this Goverm 1 and at the same time alow Strangers as 
they call them Continually to Commit acts of Hostility upon 
us they being The Supeer Tribe and Knowing at y e same 
time The Nerrigewalk will Do nothing In Real Contradic- 
tion to y m But on The Contrary always advises with y" 
penobscots on all Occasions Relateing to Thar of peace and 
war, y e penobscots I am afraid wants only to make y m selves 
a back Door that thereby they may at any time have it in 
their pow r to make In Roads upon us and then Lay it upon 
the S* Francois and others as I fear y e Xerregewalk or at 
Least some of y m have Done already Howsoever I would 
fain hope Those Scruples of mine will Prove Ebbortei now 
if y e penobscots be realy hearty In Their Desire of peace 
there may yet be some hopes that y e Lowring storm may yet 
Slow over, for it is Ceartainly In their Pow r to prevent any 
Farther Mischief if they will But Exert y"' selves and Comply 
with That which they ask as a favour from This Gover mt , that 
is to Continue the peace to j m which wholely Lyes with them- 
selves or at Least the Greatest part Thereof, This being all 
which 1 have to offer to your Consideration at present with 
all Due Regard 1 humbly beg (&c) — 

William Lithgow. 

B. S. Soin few Days a Go y e Indians have Captivated 7 
men at New Meadows In Brunswick. 

W. L. 
To the Hon ble Spencer Phips Esq* 

Richmond July y e 27 th 1751. 



406 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Instructions of Council. 

Instructions to Messrs. Wendell, Dwight, & Partridge: 
for the Interview with the Six Nations at Albany. 

In Council, read June 18, '51 

3. Let them know that since this government have made 
peace with the Penobscot & other Indian Tribes, who were 
lately at War with us ; some of the S c Francois Indians have 
made incursions upon our Borders, and taken some of our 
People Prisoners, and since that an English man has been 
taken & Scalped, by way of reprisal as they pretend for the 
murther of one of their Tribe by some of our young men: 
That one of the supposed offenders made his escape & the 
other two have been tried agreeable to our Laws & acquitted ; 
that if they had been found guilty they would have suffered 
death in like manner as if they had killed one of our own 
People: besides which the Government have invited some 
of their chiefs to Boston in order to accommodate this affair, 
who accordingly came & expressed themselves satisfied, not- 
withstanding which at the Instigation of the French they 
are still distressing our Frontiers but that this Government 
are so far from taking an hasty revenge for these Injuries 
that they have again invited them to a conference & expect 
to see them at S l Georges in August next to put an end to 
these differences. 

Let them know that we look upon them as our good 
Friends, and that we in form them of this, that they may 
see we are not wanting in our endeavors to preserve peace & 
punctually keep all our Engagements however differently the 
French may represent this matter to our Prejudice. 

Journal of Commissioners of Massachusetts. 

Interview with the Six Nations at Albany June- July 1751. 

[Extracts.] * * * June 29 th Col Lydius Shewed us 

a Letter dated the 16 of June he had rec d from Mon sr Herbin 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 407 

Command 1 " of the Fort at Crown Point Informing that our 
Captives taken from the Eastward last year were all arrived 
there except three which were daily expected from S* 
Francois 

We immediately inquired for a suitable person to go to 
Crown Point in order to conduct s d Captives from thence to 
Albany M r Anthony Van Schaick was recommended to us 
as a Suitable person to be employed we sent for him found 
him willing to undertake the journey. 

[A passport was obtained from Gov. Clinton and .Mi'. Van 
Schnaick set out .July 1, bearing a Letter to Mons. Herbin,] 
Viz 1 — 

* * * * * — to endeavour the Recovery of a Number of 
our people from Canada Made Prisoners & detained there 
in a time of peace who are the Instigators of this wicked 
practice we dont know & assure ourselves that the Governour 
of Canada does utterly Disapprove of it, & as we hear they 
are now at Fort Frederica where you command and under 
your Care we ask you to forward their Return home by M r 
Van Schaick (who comes to aid them) with all possible 
Dispatch — 

Instructions to Mr Anthony Van Schaick of Albany. 
[1. * * * Report his Authority and the purpose of his 
coming and readiness to pay what is needful to provide for 
the journey.] 

2. [If refusal to deliver captives, inquire strictly the 
reasons; if redemption money be required, show] "it is con- 
trary to the practice of all Christian Nations to demand re- 
wards for the redemption of captives cV- if they will begin the 
practice it may finally turn out a Ballance in our favour." 

3 In Case the Redemption money Cap 1 Stevens in his 
private Capacity Promised to Mon sr Santanie be Insisted 
upon & the Captives cannot be obtained without paying the 
Same you are to make careful enquiry what sum he promised 



408 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& pay the same, — [but note the sum in writing, — the amount 
paid for each and the total required and drawn upon us for 
the same]. 

[July 4. In the Commissioners address to the Cagna- 
wagas. — * * * "Inform you that there is a Treaty ap- 
pointed by our Government with the Eastern Tribes at S 1 
Georges in Aug 1 next and that it will be acceptable to our 
Government for some of your Chiefs to appear there to settle 
a Peace & Friendship with us if they be disposed thereto." — 

[11 th July. In address to the Six ^Nations, they say also] 
* * * * "have made peace with the Penobscots & other 
East" Indians since which some of the S 1 Francois Tribe of 
Indians have captivated some of our people and that an 
Englishman has been killed & scalpt by way of reprisal as 
they say for the murther of one of Their Tribe by some of our 
young men. That one of the Supposed Offenders made his 
Escape and the other two have been tried agreeable to our 
Laws & acquitted That if they had been found guilty they 
would have been put to death in like manner as if they had 
killed one of our own people — also we would Inform you 
that our Government did Invite some of their Chiefs to 
Boston to Accommodate this Affair who accordingly came 
and expressed themselves Satisfied with what we then did — 
Notwithstanding which at the Instigation of the French they 
continue their Hostilities upon our borders, — And that our 
Gov nt is so far from taking an hasty revenge for these In- 
juries they have again Invited them to a Conference at S 1 
Georges in Aug 1 next to put an end to these differences: 
[also have invited the Cagnawaga Chiefs] — 

We let you know this because we look upon you as our 
Brethren that you may see that we are not wanting on our 
parts to preserve peace however differently the French may 
represent this matter to our prejudice and to fix on your 
minds what we have now related we give you this Belt. — 



OF THE STATE OF MATWE 400 

Penobscot Jesuit's Letter. 

[Original and Translation] 

Sir and Gentlemen Counsellors. 

The Peace and Love of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

The Savages of Pannanampsgeg have done me a real 
pleasure in desiring me to write you to assure your Eminence 
& their Excellencies the Counsellors that they pessist in the 
Sentiments of peace towards you : 'Tis in Vain, say they that 
the Frenchman sets every thing on work to ingage us to de- 
clare war with you ; we have answered him that we are free ; 
and that we could not violate without some reason, the treaty 
of peace which we have made with you. He secretly sends 
Strangers to war against you at Narantonag, hoping that 
you will take occasion from thence to hreak the treaty. 'Tis 
for this reason we pray your Eminence and their Excellen- 
cies the Counsellors to disappoint the Frenchman, and to 
continue your friendship to us. 

For me, Sir, who am a minister of Jesus Christ my love 
embraces all those whom He hath redeemed with his blood. 
1 wish that they may live, that they may walk in the ways 
of the Lord, that the Savage may live that he may abandon 
his passions; that the Englishman may live that he may 
open his eyes to the light, and that he may renounce with 
which he has been blinded from his infancy, without which 
'tis vain for them to hope to have a part in the Eternal hap- 
piness. 'Tis this makes me to be with sentiments of the tnosl 
profound respect 

Sir 

our Eminence's & their Excellencies the Counsellors 
most humble & most obedient Servant 

S. Peter Gonnon 
of the Company of Jesus 



410 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Pannanampsgeg 22 July 1751 

The old men of the Village particularly Saguarrab, Siba- 
nuset, John Mesguadug, and jSTequtinuit salute the governor 
and the Counsellors 



Bradbury to Lt. Gov r . 

S l Georges August 4 th 1751. 
May it please your Honour. 

This morning came in two men with the Inclosd letter 
from the Jesuit of penobscot and by the account they give 
it appears to me that they will soon doe mischief e in this 
River. 

Thears seven of this tribe indued in the number men- 

tiond by the Jesuit, the Messengers indeed say they will 

indeaver to Stopp them but fear they shant Prevail, have 

promisd to give inteligence from time to time & Desir we 

would not hurt those of the penobscots that com in here as 

friends who they say will appear without armes. how to 

behave towards them I doe not well know if they that say 

they are for peace should Continue to Com in here to trade 

as usual & the others not fall on us by the time Set which 

is tomorrow. I therefore Pray your honours directions. — 

Subscribed in usual form 

Jabez Bradbury 



Instructions in re Treaty with Indians. 

Gov. Phips' appointment of Commissioners — for an In- 
terview or Treaty with the Penobscots & the Norridgewock 
Tribes, as also with the Indians of S l Francois, S l Johns & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 411 

Cagiiawaga tribes, if any appear, — to be held at the Fort at 
S l Georges River or other place most suitable, to be as soon 
as possible. Dated — Boston, Aug. 15, 1751. — 

Instructions to Jacob Wendell, Samuell Watts & Thomas 
Hubbard Esq 1 " 

Commissioners — for an Interview at S l Georges Fort, with 
any and all Indians who, Oct. 1749, entered into a treaty, 
or with other tribes of Indians who desire to be included. 

Inform Penobscots & Norridgewalks assembled or other 
tribes represented that you are impowered to treat with them. 

1. Let them know Government had proposed Treaty at 
this time, but Indians appeared not heartily disposed to it. 
Governor unable to come. 

2. Sorry for misunderstanding since last Treaty; and 
the rashness and folly of our young men in killing one of 
their friends, also their revenge in killing one of our men and 
making many captives, after we had done all possible to give 
them satisfaction. 

(3.) Hence desired to see some of them at Boston ; hoped 
had made all things easy; had invited to a conference at this 
time, to remove jealousy and misunderstanding; yet some 
of them had killed our cattle, and taken more captives. 

(4.) Remind them, one of their captains has returned 
the Treaty at Falmouth, in 174!), — as if disregarding it: 
learn the reasons, if the act of the tribe, or of a particular 
Indian. 

(5.) Let them know, in order to a treaty, captives must 
be restored ; and expect they will send for the returned 
Treaty. — 

(6.) Inform them of these things publicly if enough 
come: — if they do not, — or wish to postpone, declare these 
things to as many as you meet: By all means inform the 
Penobscots. 



412 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

(7.) Show them how impossible to be at peace with one 
tribe and at war with rest: treat kindly, give presents; win 
to a general peace : show the Penobscots onr sense of their in- 
fluence over other Tribes ; if need be arrange an other con- 
ference :— expect all hostility shall cease. 

(8.) If goodly number come in, of P. — & N. tribes, or 
others, and are inclined to treat, — then ratify former 
treaty. — 

(9.) Let them know, we expect their aid in preventing 
other Indians, not at treaty, from doing mischief, and re- 
mind that by treaty of 1749, they engaged to join with Eng- 
lish against any tribes committing hostile acts against us. 

(10.) If complaints of prices, assure them this will be 
arranged by the Gen. Court. — supplies as cheap as can be, 
& full price for beaver. 

(11.) Avoid controversy about Lands; warn of danger in 
allowing the French to settle among them. 

(12.) Use best endeavor to draw any other tribes present 
into the treaty: careful of formalities in signing &c. 

(13.) As Col. Mascarene will be present for Nova 
Scotia, act in concert with him; seek best interests of 
province. 



Report of Conference. 

A Journal of the proceedings of Jacob Wendell, Samuel 
Watts, Thomas Hubbard, Chambers Russell and Joseph 
Heath Esq 1 " Commissioners appointed by the Hon ble Spencer 
Phips Esq 1 " Lieu 1 Gov r and Commander in Chief of the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, and 
Paul Mascarene Esq 1 " a Commissioner appointed by his Ex- 
cellency Edw d Cornwallis Esq 1 " Governour and Commander 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE \\-'> 

in Chief of the Province of Nova Scotia, to treat with the 
Eastern Indians, in order to renew and confirm a general 
peace to be held at the Fort at S l George's the 19 th day of 
August Annoqne Domini 1751. In the Twenty fifth Year 
of his Majesty King George the Second's Reign. 

Monday August 19 th 1751 

The Commissioners being arrived in the River S l Georges, 
this Day, in the Afternoon, on Board the Sloop Massachu- 
setts Cap 1 Thomas Sanders Commander, with sundry other 
Gentlemen were informed by Cap 1 Bradbury Commander of 
the Fort, That a Number of the Penobscot and S l John's 
Tribes were attending in order to the Treaty, but their 
Chiefs were not arrived, then the Commissioners desired 
Cap 1 Bradbury to use his best Endeavours towards calling in 
all the Tribes of Indians as soon as possible 

Between Five and Six o' Clock the Commissioners went on 
Shoar where a Number of Indians appeared from the Penob- 
scot and S 1 Johns Tribes; when Salutations to and from the 
Commissioners pass'd in the usual Form, they then were in- 
fornTd by the Commissioners that as soon as their Chiefs 
should arrive they would proceed to the Treaty. 

Thursday August 22 d 
At 12 o'Clock the Indians sent a Message by Wannianeri- 
mit to inform the Commissioners a Number <>t" Indians with 
Col Lewis one of their Chiefs were just come in, and desired 
to Salute the Gentlemen Commissioners on Shoar, and agree 
upon a time to enter on the Treaty, accordingly the Com- 
missioners went on Shoar to the Fort, where appeared up- 
wards Sixty Indians and after the usual Salutations pass'd 
t<> & from the Commissioners The Indians (by Col Lewis) 
told the Commissioners they came now only to Salute them, 
and to desire them to appoint a time to meet on the Confer- 



414 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ence. Accordingly the Commissioners (by Col Wendell) 
told the Indians that they would meet them at 9 o'clock to 
Morrow morning at this Place to hold the Conference, to 
which the Indians agreed, and then, The English and In- 
dians drank King George's health 

—Friday, August 23 d Post Medidiem — 

The Commissioners being seated near the Fort and a Num- 
ber of Indians of the Penobscot, St. Johns and Passama- 
quada Tribes present with their Chiefs. 

They were informed that an Oath would be now Admin- 
istred to Cap 1 Joseph Bean truly and faithfully to interpret 
what should be said both by the English and Indians at this 
Conference, and to M r Ezekiel Price truly to enter all mat- 
ters that should pass between the Commissioners and the 
Indians at the Conference. 

Which Oaths were accordingly Admin ister'd by Col° 
Wendell. Then Col Wendell in the name of the Commis- 
sioners spoke as follows. Viz 1 

Com rs Friends and Brethren. — We rejoice in the Divine 
Favour, whereby we are permitted to see so many of your 
Councel lours and Warriors, with your Wives and little ones 
assembled at this Place on this Occasion, notwithstanding 
the misunderstanding that has happen'd between us and 
some of the Tribes of Indians included in the last Treaty at 
Falmouth. You would have seen Governour Phips here, 
but his ill state of Health would not admit of his coining to 
you, and therefore he has Commissioned us to represent him 
here in order to confer with you, and conclude all necessary 
matters relating to a lasting peace, as fully as tho. he was 
present at this Interview. And would Fire a Cannon as a 
Signal for their appearance and ordered an Ox to be given 
them for To-Morrow, & then 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11.". 

The Comm rs drank King Georges health; which health 
was also drank by the Indians. 

Saturday August 2-i 1 b 

Comm 1 " 8 We are glad to see you all well this Morning, 
and hope you wanted for nothing. 

Col Lewis. — We are all very well & had every thing we 
wanted. 

Comm rs Brethren, We are glad to find our speech to you 
yesterday was agreeable, and that you manifest so much of 
a disposition to Peace, and so high an Esteem of Gov 1 " hum- 
mer's Treaty and Ratification at Falmouth in 1726. — How- 
ever you can't but be sensible that in order to confirm the 
same Persons on each side must appear properly impowered : 
We therefore now expect you let us know what Tribes you 
represent, particularly whether you represent the Nbrridge- 
wocks, and by what Authority you now appear for them. 

Loron — We don't represent the Nbrridgewocks, there is 
one of that Tribe here. 

Comm rs — Is that Norridgewock Indian impowered to ap- 
pear for them. 

Loron. — Xo, he is not 

Comm rs Do the Penobscot and S' Johns Indians appear 
for the whole of their Tribes. 

Loron You see us all here. We appear for the Whole of 
the Penobscot Tribe, and there is Eight of the S' Johns 
Tribe who appear for them and Four from Passamaquada. 

Comm rs Why are not the Norridgewocks here, as they 
were invited by the Belt sent them from this Government. 

Loron, — All that I can think is, that the Belt which was 
sent to them was given to the French Gov r I know nothing 
of them. 

Comm rs Can you find them. 



416 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Loron — We look't eight days for them, to give the Belt that 
was sent to them by Gov 1 " Mascarene, but could not find them. 

Comm rs — As the Norridgewocks do not appear, you can't 
but be sensible that a partial Peace would be very dishonour- 
able and attended with many Difficulties, — because it's im- 
possible to distinguish the Indians of one Tribe from an- 
other, and in Case any Mischief should be done to us by the 
Indians, We shall resent it, and be apt to destroy our Freinds 
as well as our Enemies, which will throw us directly into a 
War with you. 

The Indians making no Answer — The Comm rs told them 
they would have them Consider of what has been said and 
speak to it in the Afternoon. 

Indians — Very well. 

Loron — I would speak to the Gentlemen, What has been 
said we will think on : Things must be done moderately ; 
What we conclude upon we will speak in the Afternoon. 
There is a house upon an Island in Penobscot Bay that 
spoils our Hunting: that Island is our Livelihood. The 
People there scare the Seals and Fowl: Gov r Dummer's 
treaty says we shan't loose a Foot of Ground. 

Comm rs — Our Governour knows nothing of this matter, 
but we will inform him of it Gov 1 " Dummer's Treaty shall 
be complyed with. 

Col Mascarene — Brethren and Freinds — You have heard 
that I am sent by the Gov r of Nova Scotia to assist at this 
Treaty. I was, as some of you may remember, at the Treaty 
made by Gov r Dummer at Casco Bay, which the S l Johns 
Tribe and Micquemaques Confirm'd and ratified at An- 
napolis Royal — Gov r Cornwallis at his arrival at Chilucto 
offered the S l Johns Indians to renew the said Treaty, which 
was done accordingly by the upper and lower part of S l 
Johns River, and he intended to do the same with Micque- 
maques, but was prevented by them who joined with some of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 417 

the S l John's Indians, and made an Irruption at Menis, and 
carried away an officer and several of our Soldiers, when It 
was not expected that such Acts of Hostilities should have 
been committed after they had so solemnly renew'd & con- 
firm'd the former Treaty, and received the Supplys of Pro- 
visions & other necessarys which were sent to S l Johns River 
for the Indians there, which Acts of Hostilities have been 
since pursued by them on several Occasions, Notwithstanding 
all these, I am certain that if they and the Micquemaquea 
will lav down their arms, and send a proper Number of 
their Tribes to Chilucto, Gov 1 " Cornwallis will be ready to 
receive them, and on their promise of a peaceable behaviour 
for the future, and giving the Satisfaction that is in their 
Power for what has been done amiss, he will give them pres- 
ents which shall be renew'd Yearly at a meeting of the Tribes 
at such a time of the year as shall be agreed upon, and shall 
appoint Truckhouses at such Places as shall be judged most 
convenient, where the Indians shall be supplied v T ith Pro- 
visions and such other Necessaries as they shall want, at the 
most reasonable Rates: to which meeting I do in the name 
of Governour Cornwallis invite the other Tribes here present, 
and all those who are inclined to live in Peace and Amity 
with his Majesty's Subjects in the Government of Nova 
Scotia. 

The Indians not making any Answer. 

Col Mascarene. — I shall be glad the S* Johns Indians 
would speak something in Answer to what I have said. 

S l John's Indians. — When we come again in the afternoon 
we will to your Honour — 

Then the Comm rs told the Indians they would give 1 them 
the same signal for their appearance this afternoon as in the 
morning — And then King George's health was drank by the 
Commissioners and Indians 

28 



418 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Post Merediein 

Loron — I should ho glad the Norridgewocks were all here, 
hut they are not, We will look for them, and hinder their 
committing any Hostilities: We were all one Nation be- 
fore, & we can't tell the Reason of their Behaviour: I be- 
lieve they are set on by some body that took Pains to do it. 
The Belt we will carry again, if the Gentlemen will agree 
to it We will strive to get them here. 

Comm rs If you should go and look for them now, how 
many days will it be before you can get them here. 

Loron, — We will go and look for them, if we knew the 
place were they are, we would set a Time. 

Comm rs If you meet them where you expect they are, 
how long do you think it would be before you could return. 

Loron — Ten Days 

Comm rs We being so heartily desirous of Peace, notwith- 
standing we have been so long absent from home, if you will 
engage to bring in the Norridgewock Tribes in a short time, 
we will be Content to tarry. 

Loron. — We will go out and try for our Lives to get them 
in. 

Comm rs — We are glad to hear you are so hearty in the 
good Work of Peace at present engaged in, but as you are 
not certain of fetching in the Norridgewocks in ten days, 
will it be more agreeable for you to put it off a Month 
longer: but if you can be certain of having them here in that 
time, we will tarry. 

Indians. — We can't be certain of getting them here in ten 
days. 

Loron — How will your Honours like it, if we go as far as 
Canada to find them, if we go as far as Canada, the other 
I lid inns will hear of the Peace we are making, & come in: it 
will take us Forty Days to fetch them in. — Who will find 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 419 

fault with what we have done, when we — making a good 
Peace. 

Comm rs — We like your Proposal of going to Canada to 
bring over some of the Norridgewocks and other Tribes of 
Indians: We think you herein speak like good Men, and 
that in thus doing you will use the most probable method 
to bring about a lusting Peace in these parts of the Earth 
on which the Sun Shines so bright to day, but in as much as 
Forty days will bring it late in the Year, will it be as Agree- 
able to meet at Falmouth in Casco-Bay. 

Loron. — We can't go to Falmouth at that time of the Year. 

Comm rs If you find you can get in the Norridgewocks 
sooner, let Cap 1 Bradbury know of it, and he will inform our 
Govern 1 * who will then send Commissioners, but if there is 
no Prospect of their coming in, let Cap 1 Bradbury also know 
it. 

Loron. — You shall know it. 

Mongaret to Col° Mascarene — What your Honour said 
today I have thought on, I look every way and there is 
Peace, both the Kings are at Peace and love one another, I 
am very glad we are here on so good a Work, when I go home 
I will tell it to all the Tribes, and will carry it to the Micque- 
maques, I shall be at Hallifax, and see the Gentlemen there. 

Col Mascarene. — Do you intend to send Delegates to 
Chilucto. 

S l John's Indians. — Yes. 

Col Mascarene. — I repeat what I said before that if you 
will go to Chilucto you shall be kindly received. 

Indians. — We take it well, and thank your Honour. 

Comm rs — As we have agreed to the proposal of refering 
this Treaty to some future time (of which you are to give 
seasonable Notice to Cap 1 Bradbury in order to our meeting 
you again) yon must know that it is justly expected of you 
that you cause the Norridgewocks to bring in the English 



420 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

lately Captivated and that all Acts of Hostilities cease in 
the meantime: and that you use your Influence to bring in 
Delegates from the Arrasagonticook, Wowenock and other 
Tribes of Indians to attend the Treaty, — And we engage on 
our Parts, that immediately on our Return, Gov r Phips will 
issue his Proclamation forbidding any Hostilities to be com- 
mitted against the Indians. — You must not expect our Gov- 
ernour to send Commissioners until we hear from you, — 
We have ordered Cap 1 Bradbury to deliver you some Pro- 
visions and other necessarys to carry you home. 

The Indians making no Answer. 

Col° Mascarene to S l John's Indians. — As you live at 
great distance I desire you would impower the Penobscot 
Indians to appear for you at the propos'd Interview, which 
will save you the fatigue of a Journey here, and that you 
commit no Act of Hostilities in the mean time. 

St. John's Indians. — Very well, we agree to it. 

Comm rs — Have you any thing to speak in answer to what 
we have now said ? 

Loron — I have been the Man that has been the first in all 
Treatys, but you think I am not capable to manage for the 
other Tribes. — I have been the Man that has quell'd all the 
rest — Upon other Conferences there has not been so many as 
there is now : You can't expect but a few when we come again, 
as it will be the Season for hunting. 

Comm rs — We look upon the Penobscots to have great In- 
fluence over all the other Tribes of Indians, therefore we 
speak to them in this manner — We only expect Delegates 
fully impowered from each Tribe. 

Loron. — We like it Well, a little while ago there was some 
Difference between us, but not much, if it had been it would 
have been like Gun-powder. — 

Comm rs — Our Government has also been quiet, and have 
not sent out any Warriours against you, but instead of send- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 421 

ing out Warriours, We are come here to make peace with 
you. 

Loron. — We are glad to see you. 

Indiaus — We will use our Endeavours to bring in the 
( laptives, but if they are in the hands of the French, we can't 
engage to do it. We also engage as far as we are able, that 
all Acts of Hostilities shall cease in the mean time, We will 
do what lies in our Power the English shall not be hurt. 

Loron. — We would have the Trade go on as it was in the 
Treaty Governor Dummer made with us: ten Biskets for one 
shilling, and so on in Proportion. 

Comm rs And Governour Cornwallis has also Commis- 
sioned Col Mascarene the first of the Council for the 
Province of Nova Scotia, in behalf of that Government, for 
the same Purpose. 

You having had a long time to consider of and prepare for 
this Meeting : We justly Expect that you are come with hearts 
so fully inclin'd to Peace and Friendship, that the Conse- 
quences of this Meeting may be of Comfort and Advantage to 
the English and Indians: We also expect that you come im- 
powered to join with us in this good work for your own 
Tribes, and in behalf of all the Tribes of Indians included 
in the Treaty of Peace made with Governour Dummer at 
Falmouth in 172G, which Treaty you have in your hands as 
well as we in ours: This we must mutually lay our hands 
upon, and place it as the foundation of our present Con- 
ference. 

Wo shall freely pour our thoughts into your Breasts, & 
desire and expect that you will use the same freedom & 
openess of heart on your part, that so whatever has in any 
measure blasted the good fruit plentifully enjoy'd on both 
sides for a long time from the Peace made by Gov 1 " Dummer, 
may be so happily removed out of the way, that we and our 



422 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Children may be refresh'd and comforted therewith from one 
Generation to another forever. — 

Loron, Speaker. — Brethren — What has been said is all 
good : nothing can be said better : it is very agreeable to us. — 
It is very true what was done by Gov r Dummer has been 
blasted but when the Ground is manur'd it will not be so apt 
to blast again — The Penobscot, Passarnaquoda, S l Johns and 
one of the Norridgewock Tribes are here present, and have 
heard all that has been said. — All that is now said shall be 
told over again to the rest of the Tribes not here, that the 
Men now grown up, and our young men not grown up may 
have the benefit of the Peace. 

Comm rs Have you said all for the present. 

Loron — Yes. 

Mongaret of the S l Johns Tribe. — I am very glad to see 
your Honours here, and that it is God's "Will you are here. 
I hope you are all for Peace as I am, and am now come to 
hear it. — I came from S l Johns to hear the Treaty, and am 
very glad things are going on in so good a manner; and 
there seems to be a Calm all over the World. 

Sabatist of the Passamaquoda Tribe — I come to hear what 
has been said and shall hold fast to what I have heard. 

Cap* Jo of the S' Johns Tribe. — All that I have now 
heard I have put in my heart, and when I get home will tell 
it: I am but a Young man, and am glad to hear what has 
been said. 

Comm rs — We ordered Cap 1 Bradbury to supply your 
People at their coming to the Fort on this Occasion with 
suitable Quantitys of Salt Provisions, which doubtless they 
have received; And if some fresh meat will be more ac- 
ceptable to you, we will give Order about it: but here we 
must inform you, that your Young men have been very 
troublesome to us, by their constant Importunities for strong 
Drink: the Immoderate use of which you know is always 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 423 

hurtful to themselves, & may at this time interrupt the good 
work we are engag'd in, if any manner of Excess therein 
should be permitted: We therefore have (out of Love and 
Tenderness to them, and a just Regard to the Business now 
before us) given Order that no strong Drink be given to 
them at present: And we have no doubt but that you will 
agree with us herein: Yet nevertheless, when you shall sig- 
nify to ua your number of Men now assembled, we will give 
(to such faithful Messengers as you shall send this Evening) 
so much Rum as may be sufficient to moisten your Throats, 
and clear your hearts before you lye down to sleep. 

Indians — We take it kindly. 

Then the Commissioners told the Indians they would meet 
them again at nine a'Clock to morrow-morning and 

[A portion of the document seems to be missing here] 

Comm rs It is the Alteration of the Value of our money, 
and the Scarcity of the Articles that makes the Difference in 
the Price. You shall have Goods now as cheap as then. 

Col Mascarene. — As the Commiss rs from the Government 
of the Massachusetts Bay Yesterday presented you with an 
Ox, I do in the name of the Province of Nova Scotia give 
you one also. 

Indians, — We thank your Honour. 

Comm rs — We drink health to all the Tribes present, and 
Prosperity to our present undertaking — The Indians also 
drank health to the Commiss rs and Gentlemen present. — 

Then the Indians withdrew, and the Commissioners left 
the Fort, went on board the Sloop in order to return home, 
and accordingly sail'd the next morning. 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 

The aforegoing Conference pass'd between the Commiss rs 
within named, ami the respective Indians within mentioned. 
Att s Ezekiel Price Cler 

A true Copy — Attest J. Willard Secry 



424 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ezehiel Cushing to Lt. Gov r . 

Falmouth, Aug st 15 th 1751. 
Sir 

This morning Cap 1 Fabyan of Scarborough sent me an 
Indian, named Ambruos, who yesterday was taken back of 
s d Town in the woods, On his being first discovered by the 
English, he made off as fast as he could whereuppon the 
English who were out a masting, ran after him, and one 
being Swifter than the Rest overtook him ; I have examined 
him how he came there ; and all the ace 1 he gives is that he is 
troubled with a great Head Ach and was wandering about not 
knowing where he went; he further says he has a wigwam 
about two miles from Saco Falls, and did now leave his wife 
at Bradbury's at Saco — I also hear that he and his wife have 
been often in at Saco, trading &c but I thought it proper to 
send him up to Boston, to your Honour which may prevent 
our People being often alarm'd by his often appearing in 
sulking manner; & him from being kill'd as an Enemy by 
our People and think it best his wife be sent up also — and 
Indeed by the Different An sr he gives of himself, there 
seems too much Reason to thing he has some communica- 
tion with our Enemies 

With respect to the several Orders I have rec d from your 
Honour to raise men for his Majesty's Service &c. I have 
Endeavour'd to Comply as far as I can, and as y e bigger Part 
are now on Duty hope in a few Days y e whole will be Com- 
pleated, and I think I have put them under proper Officers 
—as the Number cou'd not be Inlisted, I gave orders to press, 
which is Difficult by Reason of y e fewness of men among 
us, and which I am afraid will make men here scarcer still. 

Maj r Freeman says if his manner of Expresing himself 
in his late Letter to your Honour Imply'd any Neglect in 
the Goverm 1 &c he had no such meaning in View; only that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 425 

he thought that any Acco 1 that he shou'd give of y e Danger 
of our Frontiers would not have that Credit given to it, as 
y r Acco 1 of y e Peaceable Disposition of the Indians that he 
heard went from Georges. — 

I am your Honour's Most Dutifull hum b Serv 1 

Eze. Cushing 



J. Willard to Commissioners. 

Boston 27 Aug 1 1751. 
Sir Gen ts 

I am directed by the Lieut. Gov r & Council to acquaint 
you that the Commissary General has been informed by one 
Stutson a Cooster lately come from the Eastward that the 
Body of one of the seven men taken at New .Meadows has 
been found dead being scalped & otherwise wounded & that 
the Indians continue in those Parts & are still killing the 
Cattle at Arrowsick, which ace 1 we think may be depended 
on ; and therefore it is thought necessary it sh d be sent to you 
that so you may make what use you judge proper in Relation 
to your Transactions with the Indians at S l Georges. I re- 
main, Gentlemen, your Serv 1 

J. Willard 
To hon bI J. Wendell & other Commrs &c. 



Indian Letters. 

Sept. 12, 1751.— 

Brother. What the Governor of Cannada said to Se- 

baooset when he deliverd his mesage, was, twice you have 

denied me and if you doe it the third time, I shant Look on 

you as my Children. You are Englishmen. You Penop- 



426 DOCUMENTAKY IIISTOET 

scots are not a biasing tier but if you dont hearken to me ere 
Long youle be like ashes but if youle beg and Repent of what 
you have don we will doe you as we have in time Past, his 
answer was who shall we beg Pardon of but God we wont 
beg of any but him you need not trouble yours self aboute 
us we will mind our Selves what need you trouble your self 
aboute us. God put us here and here we will Keep. What 
doe you think of me have you a mind to com against us tell 
us Plain We dont like any that go to fright us the Penop- 
scots are not to be frightn'd We out beg of any we live 
on our own Rights what God has given us & where we live 
wele die by it as we have heard what you have said we want 
to be turned into ashes as soon as posable Since you are so 
Great we will doe what we can & doe you doe what you Can. 

What the Governor of Cannada said to us we have now told 
to you the Governor of Boston. 

Brethren you have heard what we have said if they should 
Com against us we shall indeavor to defend our selves al- 
though we are but poorly armd you may look on us as you 
Please but if the French and English boath should fall on 
us we will doe what we can. !Now He begin another Subject, 
Brother let us Keep the Path we began tother day we like 
what we heard then that we should Lay down our guns and 
not hurt Each other again, and as we like what was done 
here we shall forward it all we can two days agoe a Cannoo 
went to Cannada, Wawanamerramet is one that went Let us 
all strive to Live peaceably togather; we believe the Cannoo 
that is now gon to Cannada will put a full Stop to further 
Troubles but if any thing should happen it must not Break 
our freindship. We have now found the Narrigwocks they 
are at Cannada, and they would have us Strive or act for 
them that they may com again to their River & with safty to 
Richmond this fall. We would have you if you know any 
thing let us Know it and we shall doe the Same by you. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 427 

Brother I salute you the Governor and all the Council in 

the name and behalf of all the Penopscots. 

Squadook 

Brother once more, we dont like a great deale of Rum it 

hinders our Praiers we buy to much of it it hurts our Souls 

it is not you but we that doe it, one Kegg & one Bottle is 

Enough for one man, the women must have none this we ask 

of you the Governour & Council the women buy and sell to 

the men and are debauch* 1 thereby I believe you will think 

I Speak well, Rum is the cause of quarrels amongst us. I 

expect your answer to this. 

Squadook. 



S l Georges September 25, 1751 
Brother we have heard you were going with an army to 
S l Johns where the french are building a fort Squdook & 
his Son in Law told us so. its not good to be in to much 
hast to go down there. Youle soon hear from the Narrid- 
wocks they will do no more mischief, the Arrisaguntacoks 
Wowenocks Mickamucks &c have all concluded to Lay down 
their arms & fight no more, they that did the Mischief Last 
Summer came from Cannada last fall, if you should go 
down to S l Johns it will break all to pieces again Our Jesuit 
has Recivd a Letter from the french King who wonders how 
it should so happen that mischief should be don here by the 
Indians 

Our men that are gon to Cannada will Return in twelve 
days from this time when we shall Emcdiatly let you know it. 
We the Penopscots Salute the Governor and ( Wncil 

Loron. 



428 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Jabez Bradbury to Gov r . 

St Georges October 10 1751. 
May it Please your Honour. 

This day came here the two men that went to Cannada 
from the Penobscot tribe and they say they have put a full 
stop to any farther Troubles from the Arrisaguntacoks, Nar- 
rigwocks &c. That the Narrigwocks are som of them coming 
over to Kennebeck but when they will be here is uncertain 
though they think by the twenty third of this month. I 
then askt them whether they expected to meet the Commis- 
sioners here this fall, their answer was not direct but they 
said the Gentlemen would Expect to meet the Narrigwocks 
here. I think the Penobscots do expect to meet the Com- 
missioners about the Later end of this month it being the 
usual time of their coming in from hunting and the twenty 
third being a great Praying day with them may for ought 
I know prevent their being here before that time if they 
should com in Sooner than they us d to do. — 

I subscribe [&c] 

Jabez Bradbury 






In the House of Rep rs Oct. 11, 1751. 

Voted that his Hon r the Lieut Gov 1 " be desired at the pro- 
posed Interview with the Indian Tribes at the Eastward to 
give those Tribes Assurance in the name and on the behalf 
of this Government that so long as they continue in Friend- 
ship with the English and keep firm and inviolable the Peace 
made They may depend upon receiving from the Governm* 
in the month of October annually a Present in token of the 
Friendship subsisting between them and this Government. 

(Passed and consented to). — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 429 

Letter Gov. Phips to Cap 1 Bradbury. 

Oct 25, 1751 — 
In uncertainty of Meeting Indians, not Expedient for 
Com'rs to go down: If information makes their coming un- 
certain then detain, and inform me. Otherwise send to in- 
form them, the late season makes it unsuitable for the voy- 
age and defer the meeting to April : assure a kind reception : 
we will suspend resentments for injuries from ISTorridge- 
wocks & Arresaguntacooks : they may come to trade freely. 

A postscript by Sec. Willard, Nov. 5, notes the sending of 
a copy of the foregoing lest the original was delayed or lost; 
and directing to propose to the Indians that if April will not 
suit them then the Treaty may be held in May.— 



St. Georges November 25, 1751 
May it Please your Honor. 

Since I wrote by Mr. Mclane the Penobscots have often 
askt whether the Commissioners would be here this fall and 
urg'd that they might although it was Late in the year, and 
Doubtless were the more urgent on acct of the preasant they 
Expect. I told them they Could not but be sensabl that the 
affair on which the Gentlemen Came here in August Lasl 
might have bin Concluded then had the Narrigwoks & others 
that they Expected to have seen here bin preasanl at th.it 
time and it being uncertain whether they wood he here be- 
fore next spring to me it seenid most likely that they would 
not Com down again until they were suer of meeting them 
here that so the Difference between them & this Goverment 
might be settled & a lasting peace concluded. Since the 
above discourse with them have Recivd your Honuers direc- 
tions of the 25. of October which I have shewn to the penop- 
scots, and four of the Narrigwoks who are lately Com from 



430 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cannada & are also desirous of seing the Comniishoners this 
winter, I again told them it was imposable for the Gentle- 
men to Com down at this time of the year and woud be to 
little purpose if they should the Narrigwoks not being here, 
at least none of their Chiefs or leading men, that the Gover- 
nor was desirous of seeing as many of the Narrigwoks as 
Coud Conveniently be here & that if they were so minded 
they might be all here in the spring and the Governer had 
left it with them to fix a day for meeting they said the month 
of May would sute best, and went of for Richmond Seem- 
ingly very well satisfied, the names of them are 

Francis, an old man 

Noodogawirramet 

Tabockanegon 

Jabez Bradbury 

Essadouset & Chubanood in the name & behalf of the 
penobscots desir of the Governor; if there be no treaty this 
winter that he would consider the poor of their Tribe by 
making them a preasant of such necesarys as he shall think 
fit and Salute the Governor <fe Council. 



Longueuil to Lt. Gov r Phips. 

a Montreal le 25 Juillet— 1752. 

En qualite de Commandant Du Canada par la mort 
De M r Le Marquis De Lu Jonquiere, j'ay l'honneur de re- 
pondre a la Lettre que votre Excellence a ecrite a ce 
General le 14 Avril dernier 

Les ordres respectifs qui out ete donnees par Les Roys De 
f ranee, et De La Grande Bretagne, pour l'Exchange mutuel 
des Prisonniers, recut son execution des l'annee 1750, et M r 
Stouder votre Depute Du Gouvernement De New York 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE I'll 

reamena tons les Prisonniers Anglois qui etoient depuis la 
Guerre dans ce Gouvernement, ce dont feu M r De La Jon- 

quiere vendit compte a La Cour De fiance. 

quoy que ces Echanges fusseut Entierement termines, Et 
que le dit S l Stouder en eut donnees, sa declaration par ecrit, 
ncautmoins j'ay recu avec plaisir M 1 " 8 Pliineas Stevens, et 
Nathaniel Wecrlivright, Deputes De votre Excellence pour la 
delivrance des meuves Prisonniers vous verres, Monsieur, 
par le Proces verbal ey joint qu'ils out cu une entiere liberte 
pour travailler a leur recherche, et que je leur ai accorde mon 
authorite pour avoir ceux qui sont dans cette Colonie an 
pouvoir des Sauvages, on des francois qui les ont rachete, 
ils en ramenent neuf avec Eux, et a l'egard de ceux qui ont 
reste Vous Verres par le dit procis Verbal les raisons qui 
n'ont point permises a M rs Vos Deputes de les ramener 

Ce qu'il a de bien certain, e'est qu'il ne rest pas un seul 
prisonnier Anglois fait pas les francois pendant la Guerre, 
dans cette Colonie; il furent tous renvoyes en 1750, connne 
je Vieus d'avoir l'honneur de l'observer a vontre Excellence, 
jls furent tres bien traittes pendant leur sejour dans ce Pays, 
et 1'ors leur delivrance, on n'eut garde d'exiger aucune 
ran con. — 

Les Prisonniers dont il S'agit an jourd'huy, n'ont point 
ete pris par les francois, ils Font ete depuis la guerre par 
les sauvages, et si les instances De feu M r Le Marquis De La 
Jonquiere et les miennes aupres de ces nations avoient pu 
leur faire quelque impression, elles ne se seroient poini 
portes a faire les dits Prisonniers, quelques fondees qu'elles 
pretendent avoir etees, on du moins elles n'auroient point 
hezite a les mettre en liberte, mais vous savs Monsieur, que 
les Sauvages Du Canada eoninie ceux de par tout ailleurs, 
sont entierement libres, et qu'ils ne sont poini comptables de 
leurs actions envers de (pie que ce soit, aussi ne m'a-t-il pas 
ete possible de leur faire rendre Les Anglois qu'ils ont 



432 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

adoptes dans leur villages, ceux que M rs vos Deputes 
rameneut avec eux auroient Vrais emblablement subi le 
meme sort, si des francois, par des sentiments d'humanite, 
ne les avoient retires des mains de ces sauvages, eu leur pay- 
ant une rancon, que M rs Vos Deputes leur out rembourse, 
avec justice, et connoissance de cause. 

II n'y a aucun sauvage Prisonnier dans cette Colonic 
j'ay tou jours ignore qu'il y eut des sauvages sujets au Gouv- 
ernement Anglois; ce seroit une nouvearute mervcilleuse 
dont les francois n'oseroient jamais se natter les sauvages 
de cette Colonie ne reconnoissant aucune authorite, et 
h'ayant d'autre Loy que leur passion, et leur caprice. 

Les Abenarkis De S* francois out paries, a M r Stevens 
votre Depute, defacon a ne laisser aucun donte a cet egard. 
je n'ai eu aucune part a leurs paroles, j'en ay Seulement 
ete temoin, et j'ay bien voulu, pour faire plaisir a M ra vos 
Deputes, faire transcrire ces paroles, et leur en donner une 
copie que j'ay certifie. si vous son haittes Monsieur, y 
repondre, vous pourres me les adresser, et je les ferai par 
venir aux dits Abenarkis 

Je supplie, vx>tre excellence, d'etre persuadee pendant que 
j auray Le Commandemant De ce Pays, et dans tout autre 
terns, je feray tou jours mon possible pour correspondre a 
la Bonne intelligence qui dont regner entre nous, et vous 
pronver que je suis avec un profond respect, Monsieur, Votre 
tres humble et tres obeissant servitent 
M r S. Phips L nt Gouverneur Longueuil. 

et Com dt eu Chef a Boston. 

Lithgow to Lt. Gov r . 

May It pleas your Hon r 

One of the ]STerrigewalk Tribe came to this fort and De- 
sired me to wright your Hon r the following Letter, which I 
will here Insert as he Delivered it to me; — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 433 

You have tould us that we might sett a time for the treaty, 
accordingly as soon as thirty Days Is Expired from the Date 
hereof, Is the time we choose to meet you att Georges, what 
I say it is from all the Indians thay sent me, as soon as you 
see this Letter send us word what you will Do, I saluit the 
Governour, and all the Counsell, In the Name of all the In- 
dians, the Name of the Indian who Directed this Letter Is 
Pram Hegin. — 

thay will Expect Imediet answer to this Letter, with sub- 
mision whaither your Hon 1 * can meet them at Georges or not 
according to the Time here preficed, those Indians that Corns 
to attend the Interview will Expect them Selves, Wives & 
Children, will be subsisted at the Province Expence, there- 
fore I would pray your Honours Directions to me In this 
perticular, as to the Captives I Dont at present understand 
thay Intend to Bring or Return them, nor Cant I find by 
them that there will be proper Deligates from all their Tribes, 
Excepting for that of the Nerrigewalk tribe only, thare Is a 
Considable Number of Canada Indians a little Back from 
this Garrison but Do not com in as usual to trade, wheither 
thay are afraed or not, I cannot say, so that I judge from 
thence thare will be but few of that sort, attend the Inter- 
view. 

this being all I have to advise you Hon r of at present I 

humbly beg leave to Subscribe my self with all Due Respect, 

your Hon rs Most Dutifull Servant to Command. 

William Lithgow 
To the Hon ble Spencer Phipps Esq 1- 

Richmond June y e 12 th 1752.— 

Bradbury to Lt. Gov r . 

S e Georges August 31, 1752. 
Ilonnord Sir. the 29 instant I Recivd yours by Mr 
Rotch and yesterday came two Messengers from the Chiefs 

29 



434 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of the Penobscots to inquire whether the Commissioners were 
here, or when they would he here, I showd them jour Letter 
told them the time set for meeting here, & what I had wrote 
in answr to your Letters by Mr Hatch, they said they had 
been hindered by waiting Long, had much business to do 
and the time of hunting coming on they must persue that in 
the Propper season I bid them do so. Knowing theyd lay 
hold of Every advantage they could to upbraid me of hinder- 
ing them in their business, and at the same time fault the 
government if they could which I have always indeaverd to 
Prevent, the Narrigewocks they say have bin over on this 
side the Country a great while, all their Chiefs except two 
viz. Toxus & Medockawandoe & are now gon a hunting. As 
to the Treaty they said let it alone only because as they think 
not well timd (not in an angry manner) & that I should 
hear from them again in 7 or eight Days. What Capt. 
Lithgow has told the Governor Concerning the Narrigwocks 
I Know not, but that the time apointed should be the Last 
of September or some time in October for to Treat with the 
Indians (as by his Honnours Letter, of August 14 th which I 
have jest now Recivd) when they will Ceartainly be in the 
height of their fall hunting seems to me to be Something 
Strange and should I pretend to support them here which I 
must do if they dont hunt, will cost near as much as the 
Present desind them. When I see them again may Posably 
have something to Communicate to his Honnor the L* 
Gouvrnor which I shall imediatly doe, but at present can ad 
nothing farther. 

[Subscribed &c] Jabez Bradbury. 

Litligoiv to Lt. Gov r . 

May it pleas your Honour / 

I have Cerfully pursued as much as lay in my Power, the 
Directions I Received In your Honours Letter to me dated, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 435 

Cambridge August y e 14 th 1752, by Communicating the same 
to some of the Heads of the Nerrigewalk Tribe, In Conse- 
quence of which the Nerrigewalks, Returned me thear 
answar on the first Day of this month, as follows — 

Brother we have heard your Letter, and have Considered 
the Same, You say you will meet us if Health permit, and 
no other axcident Interferes which may hinder your Coming 
to Georges, Sometime In September or October next, as it 
will best Suite our Convenience, accordingly we the Sub- 
scribers do appoint the 15 th Day of this September 1752, to 
meet you att S l Georges, or aney Gentlemen you may send 
for that purpose, if we Delay the Time aney Longer our 
young men will all go a hunting, so that If you can meet 
us about that time we believe there will a great maney more 
of us go, then what Is here Named, we that our Names are 
written below, will Certinly attend the Treaty, God willing, 
for we are Chosen by our Tribe for that purpose. Brother 
we Seluite you and all the Council In behalf of the Ner- 
rigewalks — 

Coon : Nois 

Noo : dogg : aw : wer : imet 

Pram : begin 

Nat : tanas 

Unge : wes : Cow : en 

Peer : me : sil — 

Quar : roozd 

Brass : way — 

those Indians are all of Nerrigewalk save Brass- Way who 
Is a Moohack belonging to Canada. 

pleas your Hon' 1 used all niv Indeavours to prcswaide 
those [ndians to Delay lli<' time of meeting the Commission- 
ers till about the last of Sep tr or the beginning of October 



436 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

which would be agreable to your hon rs Letter but it was to no 

purpose, those Indians ton! me thay Expected Several of 

their men from Canada In about ten Days from the Date 

hereof and said thay belived that thay would also go to the 

Intended Interview, if the time was not Delayed over Long 

Pleas your IIon r this Is the Erliest and fullest Inteligents 

I could precure your hon r 

William Lithgow 
To the Hon bIe Spencer Phips Esqr. 

Kichmond Fort Sepf y e first, 1752 

P. S. 

I cannot find by the Nerrigewalks that there will be 
certainly aney Deligates from aney of the Canada Tribes, no 
farther than this, that thay belive posabley thair may be Som. 

W. Lithgow. 



Boston, Sept 
Sir, I am ordered by the Lieut. Govern 1- & Council to ac- 
quaint you that upon Receiving a Letter from the Norridge- 
wock Indians (a copy of which you have herewith inclosed) 
They have determined that the Commiss rs should forthwith 
proceed to S l Georges to attend the proposed Treaty there. 
And they Expect to be ready to embark in a few Days. The 
Reason of their not Conforming to the Exact time proposed 
in the Letter is the long Passage of the Vessel that brought 
it ; the Letter not coming to hand till the last Even g . 

It is Expected that you use y r best Endeavors to summon 
in as many of the Penobscot Indians & those of other Tribes 
as may be found to attend this Treaty, & that you subsist 
such Indians upon the publick Stores as may be come in until 
the arrival of the Commissioners ; In the mean time you must 
communicate to them the Intentions of the Norridgewock 
Indians. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 437 

Boston, Sep 1 28, 1752. 
Sir — I am directed by the Lieut. Govern 1 " & Council to 
acquaint you that your Lett' of the first of September curr* 
with the Message from the Indians came not to hand till 
last Evening; However upon the Meeting of the Council 
this Day It was determined that the Commiss rs sh d proceed 
with all possible Dispatch to S 1 Georges to attend the Treaty 
there; Notwithstanding the time stated by the Indians is al- 
ready elapsed It being hoped that they may be prevailed upon 
to wait the Commiss rs arrival who will embark within a few 
Days & as soon as possible upon so short a Warning. 
Whatsoever Indians may be waiting at Richmon d to attend 
this Treaty you must subsist 'em out of the publick Stores, 
and you must Summon in as many Indians as you can to re- 
pair forthwith to S l Georges for that purpose. — 

[Unsigned] 

The Conference and Treaty to which foregoing Papers re- 
fer took place at S 4 George's Oct 13-21, 1752. No Copy of 
Proceedings is found in Mass. Archives. But the Journal 
has been printed by the Maine Historical Society in the 4th 
Volume of its Collections, pp. 168 et seq. 



Province of Mass Bay 

To the Hon. Spencer Phips * * * and to Hon bl Coun- 
cil and House: * * assembled in Gen' Court. 22 
Nov r A. D. 1752. 
Humbly Sheweth — Lazarus Noble of a place called Swan 
Island in Kennebeck River in the County of York that on 
the 8 th of September 1750, his House on s d Island was As- 
saulted by a Party of 10 Indians of the Nbrrigiwalfc Tribe 
tV that he with his Wife \- Seven children were taken and 



438 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

carried into Captivity and there still remain three of his 
said children in Captivity; and Benjamin Mitchel of North 
Yarmouth in the county afores d that on the 25 th of May 1751, 
he had 2 Children taken by the Indians and carried into cap- 
tivity & that they are still among them, and your Petitioners 
have been at very great expence in endeavouring to procure 
the Redemption of their s d Children which they have not 
been able to obtain and your Petitioners humbly apprehend 
that it will be necessary for them to make a Journey among 
the French where they understand their Children are which 
will necessarily be Attended with great Charge to your Pe- 
titioners, Wherefore they humbly Hope that your Honours 
in Consideration of their Impoverished Circumstances 
brought on them chiefly by their afores d Misfortune, will in 
your great Goodness allow an Interpreter to go with them or 
condescend on any other suitable method for their relief in 
the Premises as to your Wisdom shall seem meet, and your 
Petitioners as in Duty Bound shall ever pray — 

Lazarus Noble 
Benjamin Mitchell. 

House ordered £20 allowed to procure an Interpreter — 
provided they proceed to Canada &c — 

Council & Governor approved Dec. 9, & 11. — 

A previous petition by B. Mitchell of N. Yarmouth, Dec. 
6, 1751, — states that his two sons, — viz 1 Solomon Mitchell 
aged about eleven years & Daniel Mitchell aged about Seven 
years, — were taken in May last (together with the son of 
Edmond Chandler of same town) and he is using all proper 
means for their recovery, and solicits assistance. 

Petition to Governor & Gen 1 Court of Edmond Chandler 
of ]ST. Yarmouth Oct. 1751. "that his son Joseph Chandler 
an infant was taken prisoner by the Indians, on 25 th May 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 1:39 

last" — carried to S* Francois, sold to a Frenchman, who 
sold to Cornelius Cuyler of Albany, for £25. — and £3, ex- 
penses : Asks aid to make payment. — 

We the Subscribers Phinehas Stevens and Nathaniel 
Wheelwright Deputed by Spencer Phips Esq r Lieutenant 
Governour & Commander in Chief at Boston to Mons r the 
Baron des Longueuil Governor of Mountroyal & Commander 
in Chief at Canada, to treat concerning freeing certain Eng- 
lish Prisoners detained at Canada, certifie, that Mons r the 
Baron De Longueuil from the Sixth of June when we first 
arrived there, issued out his Orders and granted us an intire 
Liberty of Speaking with the said Prisonners and recovering 
them, in order to bring them back to New England. 

In Consequence whereof I Nath" Wheelwright went to 
trois Rivieres and Quebeck and eonferr'd, In Presence of 
Mons r Rigaud de Vandreuil the Governor, with the English 
who had been taken Prisonners by the Indians and who were 
in the hands either of the s d Indians or of the French who 
had ransom'd them. 

I had the same Freedom allow'd me at Quebeck where I 
went also, by Mons r de Longueil Lieutenant Gov r & Coinm' 
in Chief. 

At my return to Mountroyal I again met with Mr Phineas 
Stevens, who on his Part had been busied about the Recovery 
of the Prisonners in the Government of Miountroyal. 

And after having made our Slay as long as we judg'd 
necessary in Canada, We determined to depart that we might 
return and render an Ace 1 of our Commission to Speneer 
Phips Esq r our Comm r in Chief, whereof we declare and 
affirm 

In the lirst Place those hereafter naniM were delivered 
to us and are brought back by us, Vi z Thomas Stannard. 
Ransom'd some time ago at Quebeck by a Frenchman from 
an Indian, s d Frenchman freely gave him his Liberty. 



440 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Samuel Lambart Edmund Hinkley [ Procur'd from the 
Sieur Cadet at Quebeck, by paying him one hundred Livres, 
with which he was satisfied, tho he had given the Indians 
more for them. 

Amos Eastman Seth Webb, \ Procur'd from the Sieur 
Gamelin at S l Francis by refunding for each three hundred 
Livres which he had paid the Indians for them. 

Oner Hancock t Procur'd from Madam Hertel of S l Francis 
by paying her three hundred Livres which she had p d the 
Indians. 

Timothy MacKerty who had remain'd sick in the Hospital 
at Mount royal, taken Prisoner during the war. 

Joseph Fortner — Taken from the Miamis, released vol- 
untarily. 

In the Second Place It was not possible for us to recover 
the hereafter named, whatever Orders the Baron de Lon- 
gueuil could give. V z — 

Berney Gradey — Would remain at Quebeck. 

Rachel Quacnbouk — Ransomed from the Indians by 
Monsieur Rigaud with whom she is absolutely resolved to 
stay it being quite to her mind 

John Starkes — S d Starkes is just now given up, upon 
Promise of giving a Slave in his room 

Joseph Noble Daniel Mitchell John Foster j* Taken by 
the Abenakis of S l Francis who are obstinately set upon keep- 
ing them, whatever Sollicitations Mons r Rigaud could use 
they having adopted them. 

Abigail Noble Taken and remaining in the Hands of 
the Abenakis of Bequancour who have adopted her. 

Solomon Mitchel about twelve years old, was absolutely 
resolv'd to stay a.t Mountroyal with the Sieur Des Pins, & 
monsieur de Longueuil did not think he ought to force him 
away against his will. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 441 

Elizabeth Skinner — Would stay with Mons r De S l Ange 
Charly who ransom'd her from the Indians some years past. 
She has abjur'd. 

Samuel Freeman an Indian in the Hands of Mons r de la 
Corne St Luce taken at Saraston by the French. Mons r De 
S l Luce will give him up, provided he has a slave in his room ; 
Tho it has been decided by the late Mons' Jonquiere, that he 
was a good Prise and a slave. 

William A jNfegro taken at Chiboucton, in the 

Hands of the Chev r la Corne, who keeps him for the same 
Reasons as Mons 1 * St Luce, and will give him up, on the same 
terms. 

Thomas Neal — Will tarry at Mountroyall. 

Saras Davids — Taken by the Iroquois of S l Lewis Falls 
adopted by them and will not come away. 

In the third Place we declare and affirm that by all the 
Searches we could make, however assisted by the Baron de 
Longueuil, we could not find any other English Prisonners in 
Canada. 

In Confirmation thereof we have hereunto set our Hands 
together with Monsieur the Baron de Longueuil <S; the Sieur 
Madox Interpreter of the English Language. 

Signed duplicates at Mountroyal July 25, 1752. 

Longueuil 

Phineas Stevens 

ISTathaneal Wheelwright 

Dan 11 Joseph Madox. 
[Copy] 

The Original in French, with signatures is to be found in 

Vol. 5: pp. 542-7. — Mass. Archives. 



A List of the English Prisoners which the Abenakis In- 
dians have brought to Quebec. — 



442 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The S l Francois Indians to the number of forty have 
struck near Richmond Fort to Revenge the death of an 
Abenakis Chief which the English have killed near Boston 
& have brought in this City the Prisoners following which 
they have sold to the French who was willing to buy them. 
The Sieur Chalons has bought one named 

Lazarus Noble 200. 

ret. For cloaths for 40. 

240 



The S. Revolt has bo't Jabez Chub 200. 

ret. for cloaths fur 80. 



The S. Turpine has bo't John Ross for 150. 

ret. for cloaths fur 50. 



280. 



Mrs. Decouague has bo't Abigail Noble for 260. 

for cloaths fur 122.15 



200. 



Mrs. Dupere has bo't Anna Homes for 200. 

ret. for cloaths fur 50. 



382.15 



The S. Bazin has bo't Philip Jenkins 150. 

for cloaths fur 100. 



250. 



250. 

This man died at the hosp. 28 th Oct. 1750 Those which 
follows have been taken by the B. — Indians and bo't of them. 
Ret. The Cadet bo't John Martin, he has obtained permis- 
sion of the Governor General to return to N. Eng. and passed 



his note to the S : Cadet for 


260. 




Mrs. Fornel has bo't 






ret. W m Ross 


124. 


.10 


ret. John Noble 


150- 




Marie Noble 


184. 


.10 


for cloaths for 


100- 





559- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 1 l'-'> 

The Algonkins of the same party has b'ot and sold to the 

S : Amiol — 

ret. Mathew Xoble 86.. 

for cloaths fur 130.. 15 

216. .15 

One named Solomon Whitney [Whitten or Whidden] 
made his escape from amongst the Indians to whom the Gov- 
ernor General was not willing to give him back again, he 
died at the hospital 18 th Nov. 1750. 

Seth Webb Joseph Noble [ are at St. Francois 
Frances Xoble at Mountreal with Mr. Strange 

Bought for 300— 

ret. Benjamin Xoble is at La Prairie with 

Du May bought 200— 

ret. Abigail Xoble at Becan Court 

Timothy Whitney b'ot — paid 315 

This account taken from Capt. Stevens & Wheelwrights 
List, Feb'y 1 st 1752. 

A List of Captives bo't by French at Canada their cost 
and cloathing. 



Fort George, March y e 23 d 1753 
May it Please your Honour: 

These may serve to Acquaint you Now that the [ndians 
have been in among us and Make a Grevious Complaint of A 
Number of Hunters who are Come from the Westward who 
go up into the Country and spoil their Hunting which so 
Enrages the Indians thai they Threaten to Kill them if they 
meet with them upon Their Hunting Ground which I am 
afraid will be the case unless some method be Found out to 
Prevent our Peoples Takeing away Their Game which is 
their Life. 



444 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I am sure their Complaint is not Groundless for I know 
myself that Four Western Men Last Spring went up Amos- 
coggin River and Brought Down one Hundred Beaver Skins, 
Besides other furs there are Four Men gone up the River 
this Spring also a Hunting What the End of it will be no 
Body Knows but the People here abouts are Afraid these 
things will breed a Disturbance I thought it my Duty to Lett 
your Hon 1 " Hear of the Indians Complaint so made bold to 
write these Few Lines this is what occurrs at Present, 
from your Hon rs | Dutyfull | Hum bl Servant | 

Sam 11 Moody. 



April 10, 1753. Committee raised by House and Council 
to consider and report on the foregoing letter. 

Committee reported on 11 th — Their recommendation 
adopted 12 th viz. — 

The Committee have attended that Service and are humbly 
of Opinion ; That inasmuch as there is a Law passt this 
present Sessions forbidding the hunting after or taking any 
Beaver or other Furrs on any Lands lying to the Northward 
of any English Settlements and Eastward of Saco Truck- 
house; That the putting that Law in Execution would pre- 
vent any more such Complaints being made from the 
Indians ; That his Hon r the Lieuten 1 Governour be desired to 
write to the Several Commanders of the Garrisons and 
Truck -houses to use their best Endeavours, that the s d Law 
be observed : and that the Secretary be directed to send Copies 
of the s d Law to those Command 1 " 8 and likewise to the Several 
Justices of the Peace residing in the Eastern Towns. All 
which is humbly submitted. — 

W m Pepperell pr. order. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11.". 

May it pleas your Honour. 

All the Leading Indians of this Tribe (Som of which 
Came from Canada about y e time of the Interview att S' 
Georges) came here with others to the Number of Twenty and 
Desired me to wright your IIon r the following Letter, Viz 1 — 

Brother "We have heard what was Dun at Georges and 
like the Peace well which was made thare between your 
people and us, our Breathren has also tould us that y e Eng- 
lish has thoughts of making a Settlement above a River 
Called Cabbsecontick, which lias ben the ocasion of our moot- 
ing, Accordingly Brother wo pray you will think of this 
matter, as also that you will Consider of the Englishes 
Hunting on our Ground which Is a grate Damage to all our 
Tribe and others of the Indians our Brethren, these things 
if not Cerfully prevented may be of 111 Consequences, boath 
to you and us, we are not alone In those matters, but it is 
the mind of all the Indians In general, We are Willing 
your people Settle below Richmond Fort, but are unwilling 
thay should proseed further up this River In their Sot lie 
ment. 

Brother we selute you and all the grate Council. 

These being all that occurs at present I Humbly begg 
leave to Subscribe my selfe your Honours 

Most Dutifull SeiV att Comm" 

William Lithgow 
Richmond Fort March ye 26 th 1752/3.— 



The Committee to whom was refcrrd the Complaint of 
the Eastern Indians touching the English Claims and Settle- 
ments on Kenuebeok River above Richmond Fori having 
notified the Claimants and examined the Indian Deeds and 



446 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

other Evidences of Titles which they produced ; beg leave to 
report, — 

That by the deeds produced under the hands of the 
Sachems of that Country in the years 1648 and 1653, and 
others about those times, the Indians sold to the English not 
only the Lands below, but also the Lands above Eichmond 
Fort all along the River Kennebeek A part of which Lands, 
viz. fifteen miles on each side of the Eiver are included in a 
Grant made by the Council established at Plymouth &c to 
William Bradford and his Associates in the year 1629 A 
That Settlements were early made by the English B in con- 
sequence of som of those Titles B many miles above Rich- 
mond Fort, and those Settlements continued for a consider- 
able time. 

That the Indians in their Treaties with the English in 
1693, in 1713, and in 1717, agreed, that the English should 
quietly and peaceably enjoy all their Rights of Land, & 
former settlements and Possessions in the Eastern parts of 
this Province and that the English should in no ways be 
molested or disturbed therein : — 

That therefore the said Indians have no reason to com- 
plain of any English Settlements on s d River above Rich- 
mond ; and That of this they ought to be informed as soon as 
may be. All of which is humbly submitted by 

Jn° Gushing pr order 

In Council, Referred to next Gen. Assembly. In House 
non-curred with amendments at A & B. In Council con- 
curred with further amendment at C, viz. Dele at C, and 
insert — 

And that Cpt Lithgow & the other Command 5 Officers in 
those Ports be directed to use their best Endeavors to keep 
the Indians quiet untill the Commis r from this Goverimr" 
shall meet them in the Fall of the year & to let them know 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



447 



that such Comm rs will then lay before them the English 
Claims to these Lands, & endeavour in a friendly manner to 
accomodate the matter with them. 

Concurred: Consented to: — April 12 1753. — 



May it Pleas oyur Hon' : 

the most Leading men of this Tribe of Indians is uneasy on 
account that yo r Hon 1- Did not Return them an answer to their 
Letter, Relating to the Englishes Settling above Cbbeseconte 
and In my Humble opinion, it will be Highely Requisite, 
Either for the Province or the gentlemen of the Plymouth 
Propriety, to Sattisfie those Indians before thay proseed In 
their Settlements, up this River, otherwise I feer som Mis- 
cheife will Insue. I submit this afair to your IIon rs better 
Judgment, and Consideration. 

I have nothing farther to Informe yo r Hon r of, — 

[Signed in form,] 

William Lithgow. 



May it Please your Hon 1- 

thare Came In here this Day all the Heads of the Nerrige- 
wack Tribe of Indians, and Desired me to write your Eon 1 
the following Letter. Viz 1 — 

Brother we Seluite you & all the Council, and we arc all well, 
we wrote to you last Spring, or the last of the winter, now 
we are going to talk to you, we tould each other att the Treaty 
that If we ware Dissatisfied we would let each other know. If 
aney peopele gows above this Garrison or the one that was 
built Last year stop them, if aney peopele goas farther up 
this River it will Hinder our Hunting, 1 >0 yon know this 
String of Wompuin (Holding it out at the same time) this 



448 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

was gave to us at Georges to make the Land Smooth, and we 
Do not want to Brack it, we are going to Carrie it to Arasa- 
guntecooek, we are In grate haste for an Answer to this 
Letter, it is hard we have not a Smith here to mend our 
guns, we Desire you will Send one, that can do our work 
well. Brother this is all we have to say at this time. 

May it pleas your Hon 1 " thay say that thay belive I did not 
send their letter, other wise thay should have had an answer 
to it. 

[Subscr. in usual form] 

Will" 1 Lithgow. 
Richmond June y e 10 th 1753 



To the Governour— April 25 th 1753 

Brother you did not hearken to us about the English man 
on the Island he hurts us in our Seiling & fowling its our 
livelyhood & yours too for what we get we bring to your 
Truckhouse, we don't hinder him from fishing, if you don't 
Remove him in two Months we shall be obliged to do it our- 
selves. We have writ to you before and have had no answer, 
if you don't answer to this we shan't write again its our 
Custom if our Letters are not answered not to Write again, 
but if you please we will bring a living Letter 
I salute you and all the Council. Present 

In behalf of the Penobscot Tribe — 

Cosemea 

Noodoot 

Chebinood 

Nugdumbawit 

In Council June 12 1753. 

The Committee to whom was referred the consideration of 
the Letters His Honour has received from Cap 1 W m Lithgow 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 449 

of Richmond Fort and from four of the Penobscot Indians 
do report 

That his Honnour be desired to give orders That the 
Englishmen gott on Montinicus Island be Emediately re- 
moved from thence, he having no right to s d Island and That 
it be commended to The Gentlemen that are Settling up 
Kennebeck River to give such Satisfaction to the Indians as 
to make them Easy and allow of their going on with their 
Settlement up said River All which is humbly submitted. — 

Passed & consented to. June 13. 



Boston, June 13, 1753. 
Sir — 

Whereas one Eben r Hall has settled him self on the Island 
of Montinicus, at which the Penobscot Indians have taken 
great umbrage, a Hedging that by his means they are much 
disturbed in their Right of Fowling at said Place; and it 
not appearing that the said Hall has any Property in the 
said Island, 

At the Desire of the general Court of this Province I do 
hereby direct you to take a sufficient number of men with 
you & remove the said Hall & the People with him off from 
the said Island to prevent the Indians from showing their 
Resentm 1 ag st him as they have threatened to do unless he 
be speedily removed by this governm 1 Therefore you must 
proceed herein without Delay & make Return of your Do- 
ings to me. I would have you use no Violence in this Affair 
unless you find it necessary. You must inform the Indians 
of the Susbtance of this Letter. 

Your humble Serv 1 

S. Phips 
Cap* Jabez Bradbury. 

30 



450 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

French Jesuit's Letter from S l George's fort, Aug 1 25, 1753 

[Original and a Translation] 

Sir. — The Peace & Love of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

I understand that you desire to treat with the Indians ["les 
sauvages de"] of Paunauampsqui : allow me to beg that you 
will make no further mention of this interview since the In- 
dians being away either hunting or travelling, it is impos- 
sible for all of them to attend a Conference and (meanwhile) 
jealousy might lead some individual to make a false step. I 
had great difficulty during the last Conference to prevent 
the jealousy of those who were not present from having a 
very bad result. The surest method of securing peace be- 
tween you and the Indians (savages) would be to conceal 
your wishes. I will take care to acquaint you with those of 
the Indians. I only pray that, should you deem it advisable, 
to make use of me and of my intelligence, we should act as 
secretly as possible, for my chief desire is to preserve the 
existing peace. I shall do all in my power to attain this end, 
being no more in the service of the King of France than of 
the King of England. With all respect I am Sir through 
Jesus Christ your most humble & obedient Servant. 

S. Pierre Gonnon of the 

Society of Jesus. 
F S l George 25 th August 1753. 



In House Sept. 7, 1753 Voted that His Excellency the 
Capt. Gen 1 be desired (if he cannot attend himself) to ap- 
point Commissioners to meet with the several Tribes of 
Indians in such place as He judges proper as soon as may be 
in order to their distributing the annual Presents to the said 
Indians in the most advantageous manner. 

[concurred &c] 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 451 

Whereas upon Complaint made by the Penobscot Indians 
ag^Eben' Hall for Settling himself & Family on Montinicus 

Island where he had no Colour of Right and that his settling- 
there was a great Injury to their Fowling at s d Is' 1 and where- 
as the g* & Gen 1 Court or Assembly of this Province at their 
session in — Ordered that the said Eben r Hall should be re- 
moved from s d Island, which was accordingly done; And 
whereas it appears that the said Hall & his oldest son in 
Contempt of the Authority of this Governm 1 is returned 
back to the said Island, & now dwells there. — 

Yon are therefore hereby required when you arrive at S l 
Georges River to go over to said Island of Montinicus, cV take 
the said Ebenezer Hall & his said Son into your Custody & 
bring them safe to Boston that so they may answer before me 
and his Majesty's Council for their contempt in Disobeying 
the Order of this Governm 1 as aforesaid, And likewise that you 
remove the Family of the said Eben r Hall from the said 
Island of Montinicus; For all which this shall be your Warr 1 

Given under my Hand & Seal at Arms in Boston. 

[No address: Date in Index is Sept. 7, 1753.] 



In House of Rep rs Sept 7, 1753 

Voted that the sum of five hundred pounds be applyed 
for purchasing Presents to be made this year to the Indian 
Tribes in the Eastern parts of the Province. — 



James Clark says, He was Servant to Ebenezer Hall & 
lived with him at Montinicus Island, that during the Sum- 
mer Season of 1751, the Indians used frequently to come 
to Hall's House & lodge there in the night; One day in the 
same Summer the Examinant heard a great number of Guns 



L52 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

fired at one End of the Island, which he supposed to be be- 
tween the Fishermen & Indians then on the Island, for he 
saw part of the Sail of a Vessel that pass'd close by the 
Lands; Soon after he saw two Indians come along from the 
Point, towards Hall's House; He saw the said Hall thereupon 
take up two guns (and his son one) saying, the Dogs will 
be pretty hot, and I'll give them a Blast ; And the Examinant 
heard the firing of their Guns & saw the Hash, and Hall & 
his Son then went out of the House, & soon afterwards the 
Examinant saw them drag up the dead Bodies of the two 
Indians, & bury them in his Garden, in a Hole where a 
Stump of a Tree was dug up, & they covered the Bodies ; 
The said Hall charged the Examinant to keep the matter 
secret, threatning him, if he did not, The Examinant after- 
wards saw Hall cut the Indian Canoo in Pieces and burn it 
saying, Now we have killed the Devils, we will burn their 
damn'd Canoo, The Indians Cloaths were buried with their 
Bodies; Their Guns Hall put into his Chest, & afterwards 
carried them to Small Point About a Week after the In- 
dians were killed, Hall & his son said that they would go to 
Virginia. 

James J. Clarks Mark 
March 1, 1754. 

In Council March 1, 1751 

This Day above written James Clark made Solemn Oath 
before the Governor & Council to the Truth of the foregoing 
Declaration. 

Attest J. Willard Secy 



Brethren : 

Your Letter which you dictated to Cap* Lithgow at Eich- 
mond fort the 1 st of Feb 7 last, he has transmitted to me. I 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 453 

thank you for your kind Salutations. I salute your Chiefs 
& your Counsellors & I wish health to all your People. It 
is very true as you observe that I was prevented paying you 
a visit last Fall; by the weighty affairs of my Government 
and I told you I intended to see you the next Season and I 
continue Still of the same mind but I have no hopes of being 
able to leave Boston so early in the year as you now seem to 
Expect. The Spring and first part of the Summer is the 
Time when my Grand Council are assembled together <v, it 
is necessary for me to be present with them, but sometime in 
the summer I doubt not to be able to have a Conference with 
you either at S l Georges or Richmond and that I shall see all 
your Tribes not only the Penobscots & Norridgewocks but 
the Arresaguntacooks also and that we then shall clear up all 
the matters between us And I shall give you seasonable 
notice of the time & place of meeting. 

You tell me I have for a long time waited that which is 
good viz. Peace. I am very willing to continue friendship 
with you, & to treat you as brethren, and if at any time any 
of the subjects of my Government shall offer any injury to 
any of your people such offenders shall be tried by the same 
Laws and upon Conviction shall suffer the same punishment 
as if the injury had been offered to any of our own People. 
You don't like the English's making settlements so high up 
Kennebeck River as some lately have talked of doing. What 
shall I say to you upon this head more than you have often 
heard. If the English have purchased any Lands of any of 
your Ancestors you would not desire to disannul & make 
Void such purchases, May not your Children wilh as much 
reason hereafter disannul & make void any conveyances that 
may be made by you ? 

I have always been willing that the Validity of these pur- 
chases should be examined into and am ready to hear A: will 
give due weight to any objections against them. Bu1 this 



454 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

matter can be better settled at our proposed Conference than 
it can be by letter. 

I have seen the Conference which Cap 1 Stevens had with 
some of the Abenakis at Montreal when the French Gov- 
ernour was present I suppose this is what you refer to in 
your Letter & to which you say you expected an Answer. 
This Conference was sent to Lieutenant Governour Phips 
when I was absent from my Government and Employed in 
Settling the bounds between the English & French on this 
Continent ; And besides I dont think it would have been 
proper to have sent an answer to be communicated to you by 
a French Governour as you desired. What the English have 
to say to you must come directly from themselves & not 
through the French. 

You say in that Conference that whatever Treaty the King 
of France & the King of England makes with regard to the 
Division of the Lands in their Dominion you shall have no 
regard to it. I do not desire you to concern your selves in 
the dispute between the English & French. 

I should be glad to see your Tribes settled near us & to 
shew you all the Kindness and Friendship you can desire 
but I shall not consent to any French settlements ever being 
made or Forts built in any parts of the Country which the 
French King by Treaties made with the King of England 
has relinquished all claim unto, and in case any attempts 
for this purpose should be made by the French you must not 
think I am offering any Injury to you or taking your Lands 
from you if I endeavor to oblige the French to go oft from 
them This will be doing you a real kindness 

You have in your Letter several times, repeated your de- 
sire that I would come in the Spring. I have told you the 
Affairs of my Government will not allow me to see you so 
early; but if you have any matters of moment to communi- 
cate which can not conveniently be deferred until Summer, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 455 

if you will send one or two of your Chiefs from each Tribe 
up to Boston they shall be kindly treated those matters duly 
considered and this shall not hinder the Conference going on 
afterwards at the time intended. 

I have no more to add at present. I remain 

Your Friend & Brother 

W Shirley. 
To the Chiefs & other Indians of the Penobscot 
Norridgewocks & Arresag Tribes 



Gentlemen of the Council & House of Rep rs 

I have lately received Dispatch by Express from the Com- 
manding Officer at Taconick, Informing me that the In- 
dians fell upon a Party of that Garrison sent out to load 
with Logs for the use of the Fort, at a small Distance from 
it, & Killed & Scalped one of the Soldiers & carried off four 
more as Prison 1 " 8 , one only escaping to the Garrison : The 
Letters relating to this Affair & other Matters of Importance 
the Secr'y will lay before you. 

This Act of Barbarity & Treachery in the Indians gives a 
new Aspect to our Affairs & Interests, in the Eastern Parts 
& will require new Measures for our Security 

I must therefore desire you to take them under your Con- 
sideration & your Advice thereupon, as also for the Effectual 
Security of the Western Frontiers. 

[No date in Index. Not filed] — 

In House of Represent. April 6, 1754. 

Ordered that the Commissary General be directed to pro- 
vide suitable Clothing Billeting & Schooling for the Indian 
Boy who lately Came from the Eastern parts of the Province 
to the Town of Boston. 

[Concurred in & Consented to.] 



456 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Copy of Passport for Benj. Mitchell's Journey to Canada 
to obtain his children — By Gov. S Phips, June 13, 1753. 
All Officers civil & military required to permit him to travel, 
and to assist him & those accompanying: request that all in 
the French territory permit and assist. 

Narration of journey and ill treatment. — 



These will serve to Satisfy any person that is Inquisitive 
to know the Treatment with which Nathaniel Mitchel & 
Lazarus Noble were Treated by the Governour General of 
New France. 

Being Arrived at Crown point, We were received very 
Civily by the Commanging Officer of that place, Upon Show- 
ing our pasport he detached an officer with four Soulders, 
and one Corporal to conduct us down to Mountroyal, being 
arrived at Laprerie we sent over Notice to the Governour of 
our coming, and Lickwise of our Message, and desired to be 
admitted into the Town of Mountroyal, he accordingly sent 
over word that wee should come when we thought fitt we 
Instantly Crossed the Eiver, and being brought to pay our 
respects to his Excellency he desired to know the cause of 
our coming, which I told him was the ^Redemption off sev- 
eral Children belonging to the two Gentlemen present, which 
were Carred away into Captivity by the S 1 Francois Indians 
sine the peace was Concluded, he asked me whether I knew 
where these Children where, I told him I was Informed one 
Solomon Mitchel Lived with one M r De Pain, & one Abigal 
Noble Lived with one M r S l Ange Chaily, and three more 
where among the S l Francois Indians, he desired us to go to our 
Lodgings, and make all posible hast to procure these Chil- 
dren there Liberty and not to have anything In our mind 
but there redemption we thanked him his charge was sum- 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 457 

cient we accordingly went to onr Lodgings, at six in the 

morning he sent the Town Major to Tell us in his name that 

we should depart Immediately for home we Insisted to go 

& see his Excellency, and to understand his reasons for our 

111 Treatment but Never were admitted but were ordered 

down Instantly Into the Batoe to Cross y e River which we 

did accordingly. 

Anthony Van Schaick 

Albany July 20 th 1753. 

My humble opinion is that if there is no better precaution 
taken by the Governours of Boston & Xew York by Com- 
plaining at home to Oblidge the Governour of Canada by 
the french Kings Orders to deliver up the Stolen Captives 
out of his Goverment that wee are Oblidged to Submit to. the 
barbarous Treatment of all barbarous Indians. — 

M r Mitchell and the Interpreter both saw Mitchells Son 
and the Interpreter acquainted Xoble that he saw his daugh- 
ter and that they lived with the Respective Gentlemen with- 
in mentioned. 

Copy of Mitchell and Nobles Affidavit, 1753 — 



Boston October 22, 1753 
Sir — 

Upon my Return to my Government from England, I 
found that during my Absence M r Phipps the Lieut 1 Gov r 
& at that time Commander in Chief of this Province, had 
wrote a Letter to your Exc y dated 14 of last June by one 
Benjamin Mitchell an Inhabitant of it, who a few months 
before had the misfortune to have two of his Children carry'd 
off by some of the Indians of the S l Francois Tribe, in Com- 
pany with three more Children of one Lazarus Xoble an 



458 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Inhabitant of the same Place into Canada; & that M r Phipps 
in that Letter recommended the Case of these unhappy Men 
to your Exc y ' s Consideration desiring on the part of this 
Gov 1 that you would be pleas'd to favour them with your As- 
sistance in obtaining Restitution of their Children. — 

These two men, Sir, being furnish'd with Passports from 
this Governm 1 set out, as they inform me, two days after the 
date of M r Phipps's Letter for Quebec, intending to wait 
upon you there; but having learn'd from the Commandant 
of the French fort at Crown-point, that your Exc y was then 
at Montreal, and being provided by him with a Guard to 
conduct them thither, they arriv'd about the Beginning of 
July last, together with their Interpreter Anthony Van 
Schaick at that City, where, they informed me, they de- 
liver'd M r Phipps's Letter to your Exc y & obtained an Audi- 
ence from you ; in which they say they acquainted you that 
they had heard that two of their said Children viz. a Son of 
Benjamin Mitchell's, ab l 14 years old, & a Daughter of the 
said Lazarus Noble's of about levan, were then at Montreal 
& dwelt there, the former of them with mons r de Pain & the 
latter with Mons r S l Ange a Chacly & that the three other 
Children remain'd with the S l Francois Indians; also that 
they let your Exc y know, they were willing upon the Resti- 
tution of the two Children, which were in the hands of M : 
de Pain & M : S 1 Ange Chacly, to pay them what they might 
have given to the Indians for the purchase of them. — They 
further say that Your Exc y thereupon rec d them at first with 
an Appearance of Kindness, bidding them to make themselves 
easy, & to use all the Expedition they could in finding out 
their Children, & getting them restor'd; That they accord- 
ingly went immediately in quest of them & found out the two 
before nain'd Children at the Houses of the two before men- 
tion'd Gentlemen ; But that at Six o'clock the next morning 
the Town Major came to their lodgings, & declar'd to them, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 459 

that he was sent by your Exc y to order them in your Name 
to depart forthwith out of Montreal & return to New Eng- 
land ; & upon their attempting to wait on your Exc y at your 
House, to know the Reasons of this sudden Alteration of 
your Treatment of them, they were met at the foot of your 
stairs by another Officer, who stopp'd them from pro-ceeding 
further, & threaten'd them in Your Exc ys Name with im- 
mediate Imprisonment, if they did not instantly repair to 
their Battoe cross over the River & make w' haste they could 
out of Canada: That being intimidated with these Pro- 
ceedings they return'd without their Children, or being able 
to obtain from Your Exc y any Answer to M r Phipp's Letter. 

These Men have attested the truth of their Declaration 
with their Oaths, & I think myself bound in Duty to the 
King my Master, & in Justice to his Subjects under my Gov 1 
to observe to your Exc y that your, treatment of them & of II. 
M y Gov 1 in this Province if justly represented to me, is a 
manifest Violation of the Amity which now subsists between 
the two Nations; contrary to the Laws of Humanity prac- 
tic'd between all civiliz'd Gov ts especially in Countries pro- 
fessing Christianity; an Infringement of the natural Right 
of Mankind. — 

Even during the Course of the late Warr, in the Corre- 
spondence which I had the Honour to maintain with the 
Marquis de la Gallisioniere, then your Exc y ' s Predecessor in 
the Government of Canada it was agreed & practic'd between 
us to ransom the Prisoners found within our respective Gov ts 
which had been taken by Indians & mutually to restore them 
to the Gov 1 to which they belonged — At the conclusion of the 
late Warr, M r Clinton, H. M ,s Gov r of New York, purchas'd 
as many even of the Children of French Indians, which had 
been taken Captive by those in the Alliance of the English, 
as he could obtain to be sent to their Parents; And the In- 
structions, which their Britannick & Most Christian Majes- 



4G0 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ties gave to their respective Gov rs in North America extended 
likewise to the Restitution of such Prisoners, as should he 
found in the Possession of the Indians under the Protection 
of Either Crown. — 

Upon what Principles founded either in the Law of 
Nations or natural Justice it can be pretended that your 
Exc y hath a Right to hold in Servitude these Children thus 
Stolen from their Parents in a time of profound Peace be- 
tween the two princes, & with the loss of their Liberty to 
deprive them of the Exercize of the Religion in which they 
have been educated I am at a loss to comprehend. I must 
remark likewise that the Offer made by their fathers to pay 
M. de Pain & M. S' Ange the price which the Indians should 
have sold the two Children for ; tho as they could acquire no 
Property in them by such sale, if they did purchase them, 
it is evident they were not intitled to demand it; the severe 
Manner of driving these Men out of Canada, into which they 
Enter'd under the Sanction of Credentials from this Gov 1 
after the Expence & Pains, they had been at in going so far 
in Search of their Children, & your Exc ys disregard shewn 
to this Governm* in not vouchsafing to return any Answer 
to M r Phipps's Letter, are Circumstances which make the 
Detention of these Children still more grievous to the Parties 
who are the Sufferers by it, & more injurious to the province. 

I now send M r Nathaniel Wheelwright who will have the 
Honour to deliver this Letter to your Exc y with a Com m ission 
to demand of you the Restitution of the two Children who 
were found in the hands of Mon r de Pain & S l Ange when their 
fathers were at Montreal, as also of any other English Cap- 
tives belonging to this Gov* which may be found in the hands 
of the French in Canada ; & to desire that your Exc y would 
use your Influence & Power over the Indians in whose hands 
the other three beforemention'd Children may now be found 
for the immediate Delivery of them likewise or of any other 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 461 

English of this Province whom they may have made Captive 
to the said M r Nathaniel Wheelwright & T can't but hope 
that your Exc y8 Answer will be such as may promote thai 
good Understanding <v Harmony which ought to be culti- 
vated between the Gov rs of two Princes in Amity for the 
mutual Welfare of the Subjects within their respective Gov- 
ernments. — I have the Honour &c. . . .Humble Servant. 

No Signature 



Mountroyal Dec r 1 st 1753. 

S r I have had the Honour of a Letter from your Excel- 
lency dated the 22 d of Oct 1 " last En which T was surpris'd to 
find a circumstantial Proof of my being honoured with a 
Letter from M r Phips On Occasion of a Journey undertaken 
to this Place by Benjamin Mitchell & Lazarus Noble to re- 
cover their Children- — 

Tho I have not the Honour to be known to your p]xce]- 
lency I flatter my self, you will readily believe this Letter 
could never have reachd me, since I did not answer M r 
Phips's Civility, who merits all Respect as well on his own 
Account, as of the Post he sustain'd, and it would be a 
heinous piece of Incivility of which a man of Rank cannot 
be thought capable — 

With regard to the ill success the above mentioned Per- 
sons met with your Excellency will give me leave to observe 
that if I sent them away sooner than I might have design'd, 
they must look upon it as wholly occasioned by the Inter- 
preter, whom they had chosen, who was a Person that re- 
turn'd here of a very suspected Character, and who besides 
began to behave in so insolent a manner, that I determined 
to cause him to depart immediately, rather than to be forc'd 
to put him into Prison. 



462 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

But to convince your Excellency how sensibly I was 
touched with the lively Sorrow these Fathers felt at return- 
ing home without carrying their Children with them, I 
sent for the Child that is with one Despin, And before all 
the Officers of this Government reproach'd him with his bad 
Temper in not being willing to follow his Father. He told 
me for answer, bursting into Tears, that absolutely he would 
not leave his Master. — 

As it is Evident they are Slaves fairly sold, I did not think 
proper to oblige their Masters to give them up, which would 
have been done without any Difficulty, if they had been 
Prisoners of War. — 

Your Excellency will now be Sensible of what Importance 
it is on such an Occasion to make Choice of such a Person 
as M r Wheelwright for Negotiatour, as he was the Bearer of 
your Excellency's Letter I gave him a very suitable Recep- 
tion and promis'd him my Protection in every thing, his 
Comission related to. — 

I depend upon your Excellency's being perfectly convinc'd 
of my Earnestness in concurring to maintain the Friendship 
that subsists between the two Crowns, when you are inform'd 
that, at your Instance, I have interpreted my Authority to 
cause the two Children, that are in the Hands of y e French 
to be restor'd, and have given M r Wheelwright an Interpreter 
to signify to the Abenakis of S* Francois & Becancourt, that 
they cannot do me so great a Pleasure as by releasing the 
three other Children that are with them. 

Your Excellency will have the Goodness to look upon it, 
in this Case, as an unavailing Thing to lay my Commands 
on the Indians, and that it is to be done only by Treaty; 
which can be concluded by nothing but a Ransom to in- 
fluence them, because they are Extremely attach'd to their 
Slaves; This I leave to the Prudence with which I think 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE t63 

M r Wheelwright capable of conducting, & I very readily give 

him all the assistance in my Power. — 

I am very far from pretending to deprive the Children of 
Your Excellency's Nation, which were taken during a pro- 
found Peace, of their Liberty and Religion, when they an' 
happy enough to have fallen into the Hands of the French, 
over whom I have an absolute Power, but I repeat it to your 
Excellency that I can not answer for the Inclinations of the 
Indians in this case, for there is nothing so difficult as to 
get their slaves from them, especially when they have dis- 
tributed them among their Wigwams to make up for their 
Dead.— 

I hasten to inform your Excellency that I have the honour 
to assure you, that in whatever depends immediately upon 
me, you will receive entire Satisfaction, As no one is more 
desirous than I am of corresponding with yon as frequently 
as I do with M r Plopson I assure you every Thing ingages 
me to it your Excellency's Reputation which is known to me, 
your distinguished merit in all Respects, and the Desire 1 have 
to maintain & augment the good Understanding and har- 
monie, which ought to subsist between the respective Gover- 
nours of the two Princes in Amity must be to you a sure 
Pledge, that I shall keep these objects in View with as much 
Alacrity & Earnestness, as I am desirous of proving person- 
ally the infinite Respect with which I have the Honour to be, 
S r Your Excellency's most humble & most Obedient Servant. 

Du Quesne 

I take the Liberty to pray your Excellency to favour with 
your Care the Packett directed by me to the Duke de Mire- 
poise Embassadour to his Brittanic Majesty. — 



INDEX 



Aaron, an Indian, 180. 
Abbagaduset, 96. 
Abbascoggin River, 206. 
Abenakis, 1 the, 109, 110, 137, 
Abenaki, I 158, 356, 357, 358, 
Abnequer, J 359, 360, 361, 423, 

410, 441, 442, 452, 462. 
Abinnaway, Pierre, 67. 
Abomageen, 1 51, 52, 53, 54, 56, 
Abomasein, I 57, 80, 81, 82, 86, 
Abomazen, J 100. 

Squaw of, 233. 
Abonhammon, 206. 
Aboomawax, 22. 
Abraham, 111. 
Absalom, 205. 
Abunhaman, Scowez, 204. 
Acadia, 55. 
Acteon, 97. 
Addams, Magdm, 15. 

Money, 15. 
Addeawendo, ) 
Adeawando, \ 31, 67. 
Addington, Isaac, 28, 31, 35, 51, 

57, 63, 68. 
Adeacunke, 241, 254. 
Agadoagmagor, 207. 
Agamogus, 204, 205, 206. 
Agebedosset, 119, 205. 
Aghastorangen, 205. 
Agnies, the, 356, 361. 
Agomogus, 206. 
.Agooser, 306. 
Aguahadongoneek, 206. 
Ahwenohs, the, 188. 
Albany, 81, 127, 129, 130, 132, 

133, 154, 156, 157, 161, 163, 

168, 170, 172, 177, 183, 185, 

252, 296, 355, 359, 406, 407, 

439, 457. 
Albee, Obadiah, 331, 338. 

Obadiah Jr., 340, 341, 342, 343, 

346, 351. 
Alden, John, 9, 110. 

Alexander, Mr. , 128. 

James, 15. 
Alexis, 187, 189. 
Algonkins, the, 443. 



Alldon, Mr. , 37. 

Allen, Mr. , 212, 213, 333. 

Capt. , 289. 

Rev. Benjamin, 271, 272, 273. 
Ebenezer, 107. 
Alliatt, James, 287. 
Amarascoggin, see Androscoggin. 
Amarasconteog, 26. 
Amasakuntick, 32. 
Ambaroess, 286. 
Ambruos, 424. 
Amiol, S., 443. 
Amiscougan, 
Amorescoggen, see 
Amoscoggin, \ Androscoggin. 

Amrescoggin, 
Amriscoggin, 
Anastoragen, 207 
Andrew, an Indian, 332, 340. 
Androscoggin, 3, 67. 
Falls, 302. 
Indian, 84, 85, 234. 
River, 6, 19, 21, 152, 196, 444. 
Anins, Jo., 284. 

Marcy, 284. 
Annapolis, Royal, 39, 55, 78, 79, 

232, 281, 292, 313, 416. 
Anne, Queen, 41, 43, 46, 48, 49, 

58, 61, 64. 
Antewon, 233. 
Appleton, John, 38, 64. 

Samuel, 38. 
Arexis, 236, 262. 
Arcadia, 55. 

Arnold, Lieut. , 227. 

Samuel, 345. 
Aroundox, 161. 
Arrasaguntacoock ) 
Arrosecuntocook, ) 448. 
Indians, 18S, 262, 263, 264, 266, 
267, 274. 315, 329, 334, 366, 
374, 420, 427, 428, 429, 453, 
455. 
Arrocomecoog, 32. 
Arrowsic, ) 27, 84, 85, 94, 

Arrowsic Island, ) 98, 113, 115, 
116, 117, 121, 123, 128, 151, 
199, 206, 221, 234, 401, 425. 
Ascumbuits, 60. 



31 



466 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Asserremo, 329, 330. 
Astin, Mary, 16. 
Atkinson, Theodore, 65. 
Augeremet, 3. 
Augustin, an Indian, 274. 

B 

Back River, 207. 

Baker, Thomas, 16. 

Ball, Samuel, 326, 330, 331, 332, 

333, 338, 341, 347, 349, 351. 
Bamegiscog, 80. 
Bane, Capt. Joseph, 189, 204, 304, 

306, 315. 

Banks, Lieut. , 167. 

Barbarie, Mr. , 128. 

Barton, John, 163. 
Bass Falls, 206. 
Samuel, 288. 
Bay of Fundy, 78. 
Bazen, William O., 288. 
Bazin, S., 442. 

Baxter, Mr. , 82. 

James Phinney, 108. 
Bealcher, .see Belcher. 
Bean, Lieut, and Capt. Joseph, 

31, 48, 53, 54, 66, 69, 72, 80, 

98, 107, 243, 248, 252, 255, 

373, 379, 414. 
Capt. Lewis, 65. 
Beaubassin, Lieut, de, 357, 360, 

361. 
Becan Court, 443, 462. 

Beekman, Col. , 128. 

Belcher, ) Andres, 51, 57, 61, 
Beltcher, j 63, 65. 

Gov. Jonathan, 236, 262, 366. 
Bellemont, Richard, Earl of, 26, 

40, 58. 
Bemmorawaddee, 237. 
Bequancour, 440. 

Bernon, Sieur , 16. 

Berry, T., 293. 
Berwick, 148, 149, 150. 
Besadock, Jacob, 3, 4. 
Biddeford, 213, 292. 
Black Point, 85. 

Blanchard, Mr. , 301. 

Blany, Joseph, 343. 
Block Houses, .see Forts and 
Garrisons. 

Blush, Mr. , 221. 

Bobin, J. W., 132. 

Bomazun, ) Capt., 18, 19, 32, 

Bombasine, | 34, 38, 67. 

Bommasin, 5, 60. 

Boston, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 14, 

16, 17, 22°, 26, 28, 35, 36, 37, 



Boston, continued. 

40, 50, 53, 57, 61, 63, 66, 68, 
70, 79, 82, 89, 93, 94, 96, 98, 
106, 107, 109, 114, 126, 129, 
131, 132, 134, 139, 143, 146, 
147, 148, 152, 154, 155, 161, 
163, 164, 165, 168, 171, 172, 
173, 174, 175, 177, 178, 186, 
188, 205, 210, 211, 212, 217, 
219, 222, 224, 233, 235, 236, 
255, 263, 265, 270, 271, 273, 
274, 275, 276, 278, 281, 283, 
285, 289, 290, 292, 295, 298, 
304, 305, 307, 312, 315, 316, 
317, 319, 320, 322, 327, 330, 
331, 333, 334, 335, 337, 344, 
348, 352, 356, 357, 358, 359, 
364, 366, 367, 368, 370, 372, 
373, 374, 380, 383, 387, 389, 
391, 397, 398, 399, 406, 408, 
411, 424, 426, 436, 437, 439, 
442, 449, 451, 453, 455, 457. 
Castle, 39, 46. 
Colony of, 129. 

Council Chamber, 19, 31, 51, 
221, 222, 223, 225, 227, 236, 
241, 259, 262, 293, 306, 342, 
363, 367. 
Court House, 153. 
Goal, 332, 333. 
Brackett, Cisia, 15. 

Bradbury, , 115. 

Capt. Jabez, 254, 286, 289, 290, 
291, 298, 303, 304, 305, 307, 
315, 316, 317, 319, 320, 321, 
322, 327, 338, 371, 373, 375, 
378, 379, 383, 384, 386, 387, 
388, 389, 390, 404, 410, 413, 
419, 420, 422, 424, 428, 429, 
430, 433, 449. 
Bradford, Gov. William, 446. 
Brass — Way, 435. 
Bristol, Maine, 6. 

County, Mass., 344. 
"Broad Way," the, 154. 
Bromfield. Edward, 51, 57. 
Brown, Allison, 151. 
Benjamin, 344. 
Unite, 344. 
William, 340. 
Brunswick, 83, 85, 87, 152, 275, 
301, 303, 390, 395, 405. 
Narrows, 254, 256. 
Buckmaster, Joseph, 65. 
Bucknum, William, 300. 
Bummaseen, 38; see also Boma- 
zun. 
Burnet, Gov. William, 128, 130, 
133, 136, 168, 169, 172, 173, 



INDEX 



467 



Burnet, continued. 

175, 180, 184, 232, 233, 234, 

235. 
Burrell, John, 65. 
Capt. Joseph, 1. 
Byfield, Nathaniel, 31. 
Byram, Nicho., 285. 

C 

Cabbassey Contic, see Cobbosse- 
contee. 

Csesar, 87, 89, 221, 227. 
Moxis, 232. 
Son of, 67. 

Cagnawagas, the, 160, 161, 170, 
408, 411. 

Callwell, Geoarg, 288. 

Cambridge. 385, 435. 
Goal, 341. 

Canada, 3, 4. 9, 13, 15, 20, 56, 82, 
84, 88, 89, 152, 154, 162, 163, 
168, 171, 175, 176, 177, 180, 
182, 184, 188, 190, 191, 192, 
211, 221, 232, 265, 273, 274, 
276, 281, 290, 303, 308, 311, 
315, 354, 356, 367, 369, 370, 
375, 377, 378, 380, 381, 382, 
383, 390, 392, 394, 396, 400, 
404, 407, 417, 418, 419, 425, 
426, 427, 428, 430, 433, 435, 
436, 438, 439, 441, 443, 445, 
456, 457, 458, 459, 460. 
River, 396. 

Canadian Indians, 7, 128, 143, 
152, 274, 308, 311, 375, 376, 
377, 379, 382, 396, 400, 431, 
436, 459. 

Canady, Lieut. William, 164, 167. 

Cape Breton, 218, 299. 

Cape Elizabeth, 197. 

Cape Neddick, ) 

Capenadick, j 149. 

Cape Porpus, 85. 

Cape Sable, 36, 39, 41, 82, 192, 
211, 232, 264, 268, 374. 
Indians, 36, 186, 188, 218, 219, 
229, 230, 231, 232, 281, 296, 
297, 298, 313. 

Carver, Capt. Robert, 46. 

Carwin, Jonathan, 38. 

Cary, Mathew, 15. 

Casco, ) 10, 16, 35, 36, 38, 39, 

Cascow, j 44, 45, 46, 47, 50, 54, 
56, 76, 77, 78, 96, 111, 123, 
152, 228, 248, 264, 286, 303, 
322, 328, 329, 358. 
Bay, 22, 27, 29, 33, 43, 44, 46, 
52, 61, 74, 83, 94, 99, 102, 106, 
110, 113, 116, 204, 206, 208, 



Casco, continued. 

258, 266, 312, 314, 315, 318, 
319, 358, 404, 416, 419. 

Bay Islands, 46. 

Neck, 110. 
Causemean, 321. 
Casteen, see St. Castine. 
Cateramoggus, 67. 
Cay-umt-hoh-ha, Madame, 63. 
Cesboweawashed, 37. 
Chabuckta, 387. 

Chalons, Sieur , 442. 

Chandler, Edmond, 391, 438. 

John, 189. 
Charlestown, 205, 343. 
Chebinood, 448. 
Chebucta, ) 
Cheebacta, ] 328, 386. 
Cheese Island, 205. 
Cheever, Ezekiel, 333. 
Chegony, 206. 
Chiboucton, 441. 
Chilucto, 417, 419. 
Choate, J., 293, 440. 
Chogoandoe, 205. 
Chonaguen, 362. 
Chub, Jabez, 442. 
Chubanood, 430. 
Chucknawangaw, 154. 
Church needed, 83, 89; trouble 
in erecting, 90, 92, 93. 

Clap, , 333. 

Clark, James, 451. 

James J., 452. 

Robert, 16. 

Samuel, 287. 
Clinton, Gov. George, 356, 357, 

359, 360, 361, 407, 459. 
Cobbosseecontee, ) River, 401, 
Cabbassey Contic, \ 445, 447. 

Cobe, Capt. , 537. 

Cochecha, 75, 152. 
Cochran, James, 152. 
Coffin, Dr. , 303. 

Peter, 38, 64. 

Colden, Dr. , 128. 

Cole, Nicholas, 207. 
Coller, Capt., 110. 
Congregationalists, 271, 272. 
Connecticut, 2, 264. 
River, 312. 

Conrefs, Maj. , 37. 

Converse, Maj. James, 18, 22, 26, 

28. 
Cook, Elisha, 31, 129. 
Coon: Nois, 435. 
Cooper, Mary, 15. 
Cork, 84, 85. 
Corne, Chev. la, 441. 



463 



DOCUMENTARY H ISTOKY 



Corne, St. Luce, Monsieur, 441. 
Cornwallis, Gov. Edward, 371, 

389, 412, 416, 417, 421. 
Cosemea, 448. 
Cotter, John, 204. 

Capt. Richard, 203. 
Coyne, William, 167. 
Crown Point, 355, 380, 392, 407, 

456, 458. 
Curtis, Henry, 207. 
Cushing, Col. Ezekiel, 397, 399, 

400, 424, 425. 
John, 351, 446. 
Cushnuck, 115. 
Cutter, Capt. Am. Ruh., 291, 292, 

293. 
Cayler, Cornelius, 439. 

D 

Dallen, John, 206. 
Damaras Cotta River, 204. 
Damarascove, 82, 190, 192. 

Island, 205. 
Danforth, Daniel, 341, 346. 

President Thomas, 262. 
Davenport, Addington, 65. 
Davids, Saras, 441. 
Davis, George, 205. 

Sara, 16. 

Syl., 204. 

Capt. Sylvanus, 204. 

William, 372, 373. 

Decouague, Mrs. , 442. 

Deerfleld, 5, 157. 

Deering, Mr. , 292. 

Dennis, John, chaplain, 323, 324, 
325. 

Lawrence, 206. 
Denny, Samuel, 338, 340, 380. 
De Pain, ] Monsieur, 440, 456, 
Despin, \ 460, 462. 
Derumkins, 205, 206. 
De St. Ange Charly, Monsieur 

, 354, 355, 441, 456, 458, 

460. 
Despin, see De Pain. 
Dike, Benjamin, 344. 
Diogenes, an Indian, 205. 
Dite, see Le Dyte. 
Dobbins, Capt. Thomas, 9. 
Doney, John, 10, 11, 75. 

Robin, 10, 11. 
Donnell, Capt. Nathaniel, 292. 
Dorey, John, 67. 
Dover, 13. 

Downs, Mr. , 227. 

Drowne, Shem, 289. 

Mrs. Shem, 289. 



Dudley, , an attorney, 68. 

Col., , 121. 

Gov. Joseph, 51, 57, 58, 60, 64, 

80, 128. 
Paul, 350, 351. 
William, 87, 189, 197. 

Du May, , 443. 

Dummer, Gov. William, 129, 190, 
213, 216, 217, 231, 232, 243, 
248, 250, 266, 267, 285, 309, 
312, 322, 374, 415, 416, 421, 
422. 

Dunbar, Col. , 234. 

Dunning, David, 301, 303. 

Dunstable, 23, 24, 151, 181, 350. 

Dupere, Mrs. , 442. 

Du Quesne de Menneville, Mar- 
quis, 463. 

Durand, Capt. , 16. 

Dutch, the, 154. 

Dwight, , 406. 

Dyre, William, 206. 

E 

Eastman, Amos, 440. 

Ebbemegen, 67. 

Edgeremmit, 306. 

Edgeremonit, 232. 

Edgerremit, 5. 

Egereemett, 204, 205, 217. 

Egeremet, 306, 307, 314, 315. 

Egerumett, 206. 

Eight Nations, the, 153, 154. 

Elliott, Robert, 38, 64, 80. 

Endens, the, 149, 150. 

England, 2, 7, 8, 11, 13, 19, 20, 

22, 23, 27, 32, 37, 40, 48, 59, 

161, 175, 177, 195, 208, 239, 

289, 307, 365. 

King of, 258, 259, 309, 450, 454. 

English, the, 3, 4, 4 n , 5, 7, 8, 9, 
10, 11, 17, 20, 21, 23, 27, 28, 
30, 36, 37, 39, 42, 44, 47, 49, 
50, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 60, 
66, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 78, 79, 
81, 82, 83, 84, 87, 88, 94, 95, 
96, 97, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 
106, 107, 109, 111, 112, 113, 
115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 
121, 122, 124, 125, 131, 138, 
140, 142, 154, 155, 161, 162, 
163, 178, 182, 183, 188, 191, 
193, 194, 197, 200, 201, 203, 
204, 207, 215, 219, 221, 229, 
234, 238, 239, 240, 242, 243, 
247, 248, 249, 251, 252, 253, 
258, 259, 260, 262, 264, 265, 
267, 274, 281, 291, 292, 294, 
303, 315, 319, 337, 338, 358, 



INDEX 



469 



English, continued. 

360, 361, 362, 367, 371, 376, 
377, 378, 379, 380, 382, 383, 
400, 404, 406, 408, 409, 412, 
414, 421, 424, 425, 426, 428, 
431, 432, 439, 441, 442, 444, 
445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 453, 
454, 459, 461. 

English flag, the, 94. 

Encckquead, 37. 

Erikis, 67. 

Erixes, 232. 

Espegaid, 1 

Espeghueet, 224, 225, 226, 227, 

Espequet, I 236, 240, 246. 

Expeguit, J 

Espegueant, ) 

Espegueits, f 283, 286, 

Essadouset, 306, 430. 

Essex County, 337. 

Essomewano, 206. 

Estien, 67. 

Exes Pear, 57, 62, 63. 

Exeter, 13. 



Fabyan, Capt. , 424. 

Falmouth, 83, 85, 106, 110, 148, 
203, 204, 208, 210, 219, 220, 
271, 273, 275, 301, 319, 335, 
346, 347, 348, 350, 363, 371, 
374, 397, 398, 399, 400, 402, 
404, 411, 414, 415, 419, 421, 
424. 
Meeting House, 272. 
Second Parish, 271. 

Fargisson, Abeg", 15. 
Sarrah, 15. 

Farnam, Daniel, 326. 

Fayal, 1. 

Fibs, Mary, 15. 

Fisheries, ) 27, 82, 85, 109, 138, 

Fishing, ) 202, 257, 259, 261, 
262, 448. 

Five Nations, the, 13, 119, 120, 
128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 
136, 139, 142, 161, 163. 

Fletcher, Gov. Benjamin, 5, 6, 
11, 13. 
Pendleton, 17. 
Ensign Thomas, 373. 

Flying Point, 299. 

Forsyth, Alexander, 107. 

Fortner, Joseph, 440. 

Forts and Garrisons, 96, 131, 138, 
140, 147, 150, 152, 164, 165, 
166, 167, 197, 228, 258, 293, 
301, 302, 304, 305, 316, 358, 
378, 390, 422, 444, 454, 455. 



Fort at Annapolis Royal, 281, 
296. 
Brunswick, 83, 152, 275. 
Casco Bay, 29, 30, 33, 36, 38, 

39, 44, 46, 49, 53. 
Crown Point, 407, 458. 
Falmouth, 85. 
Marquoit, 152. 
Pejepscot, 85. 

Pemaquid, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12, 19. 
Saco, 12, 17, 18, 28, 59, 283, 349. 
St. Georges, 163, 198, 199, 200, 
207, 230, 275, 276, 283, 284, 
307, 322, 328, 413, 414, 422, 
423, 450. 
St. Johns, 427. 
Winter Harbor, 85. 
Fort Castle William, 39, 46, 174, 

234. 
Fort Frederick, 287, 288, 323, 

324 325 4t)7. 
Fort George,' 83, 87, 89, 128, 443. 
Fort Mary, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25. 
Fort Richmond, 198, 199, 207, 
212, 213, 216, 222, 223, 225, 
226, 227, 233, 243, 248, 249, 
274, 275, 280, 283, 285, 301, 
307, 318, 329, 334, 335, 337, 
372, 377, 380, 400, 401, 402, 
405, 432, 433, 436, 442, 445, 
446, 447, 448, 449, 452, 453. 
Fort William Henry, 8, 19. 
Foset, Henry, 287. 
Foster, Ephraim, 300. 

John, 31, 206, 440. 
Four Nations, the, 161. 
Fox, Jabez, 345, 347, 349, 399. 
Framegan, } 

Framhegan, f 306, 307, 363. 
France, 8, 19, 32, 85, 103, 159, 
161, 175, 184, 289, 290, 307, 
350, 367, 430, 431. 
the King of, 94, 109, 110, 209, 
259, 310, 361, 362, 450, 454, 
457. 
Francois, Capt., an Indian, 403, 
404, 430. 
Xavier, 224, 225. 
Franswaxavier, ] 187, 189, 221, 
Franswacksaveur, ) 222, 223, 224. 

Freeman, Maj. , 399, 424. 

Samuel, an Indian, 441. 
French, the, \ 6. 7, 8, 13, 15, 17, 
Frenchmen, \ 20, 21, 24, 42, 48, 
49, 54, 55, 58, 59, 79, 84, 103, 
118, 169, 170, 178, 184, 192, 
235, 244, 245, 263, 267, 268, 
269, 281, 292, 293, 294, 296, 
299, 303, 307, 309, 310, 320, 



470 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



French, continued. 

356, 358, 361, 362, 367, 369, 
378, 379, 380, 381, 392, 394, 
395, 396, 404, 406, 408, 409, 

412, 415, 421, 426, 427, 431, 
432, 438, 441, 442, 443, 454, 
460, 463. 

French flag, the, 94. 

French King, the, 36, 37, 41, 49, 

58, 184, 296, 427. 
French War, the, 275. 
Fresh Falls, 204. 
Friers, see Priests. 
Frontenac, Gov. Louis de Baude, 
Comte de, 16. 

Frost, Maj. , 17. 

S 342 343. 
Fulierton, William, 288. 

O 

Gallisioniere, Michel Roland 
Barrin, Comte de la, 459. 

Gamelin, Sieur, 393, 440. 

Garandawauna, 185. 

Garvin, Thomas, 288. 

Gendle, Walter, 206. 

Genete, 232. 

Geoffrey. 204. 

George I, King of England, 88, 
138, 145, 165, 174, 208. 

George II, King of England, 240, 
244, 245, 258, 265, 266, 277, 
278, 279, 314, 364, 367, 368, 

413, 414, 415, 417. 
Georges, see St. Georges. 
George, Tohanto, 22 n . 
Georgetown, 94, 97, 106, 283, 302, 

337, 339, 390. 
Gerrish, Richard, 65. 
Capt. Timothy, 65. 
Gilmore, Capt. James, 284. 
Gonnon, Peter, 409, 450. 
Goodwin, Histobl., 15. 

Gorham, Col. , 313. 

Gorr, , 212. 

Gradney, Berney, 440. 

Grant, Capt. , 401. 

Grape Island, 206. 

Gray, , 333. 

Capt. , 96. 

George, 16. 
Great Britain, 22, 42, 54, 55, 58, 

73, 85, 86, 103, 138, 159, 174, 

175, 177, 179, 184, 194, 350, 

430. 
the Queen of, 41, 43, 46, 48, 49, 

56, 58, 61. 
Great Chebeague, 206. 
Greeley, Mr. , 391. 



Green, Samuel, 284. 

Greenleaf, Mr. , 223, 225. 

Grist Mill, 238. 

Groton, 4 n , 11, 14. 

Guin, John, 288. 

Gulf of St. Lawrence, 109. 

Gyles, Capt. John, 44, 45, 51, 53, 
56, 57, 61, 62, 63, 64, 76, 80, 
83, 87, 88, 89, 95, 102, 189, 
204, 211, 213, 214, 215, 216, 
217, 218, 224, 225, 226, 228, 
229, 230, 231, 233, 244, 242, 
246, 248, 249, 251, 254, 255, 
265, 271, 273, 274, 275, 276, 
293, 306, 315. 

H 

Hale, Robert, 338. 

Capt. Thomas, 65. 
Halifax, 419. 

Hall, Ebenezer, 284, 449, 451, 452. 
Hancock, Oner, 440. 
Hammond, Mrs. Elizabeth, l n . 

Capt. Joseph, 15. 
Hampshire County, 24. 

Harison, Mr. , 128. 

Harmon, Capt. Johnson, 81, 97, 
106, 125, 150. 

Harndel, , 348. 

Harnden, Samuel, 336, 339. 
Harrinton, 287, 288. 
Harry, Sacary, 332, 340. 
Hart, Jo., 284. 

Hatch, , 387, 434. 

Hatches Cove Island, 204. 
Haverhill, 13. 
Hawkins, Capt. John, 3. 

Heath, Capt. , 225, 227, 248, 

249, 254. 

Col. , 386. 

Joseph, 210, 213, 412. 
Hendrick, an Indian, 119, 185. 
Henegue, 83. 
Henquid, 5. 

Hegin, j John, 81, 98, 102, 105, 
Hegon, { 106, 107, 235, 332, 377. 

Pram, 433, 435. 

Sampson, 22, 31, 32, 34, 35. 

Herbin, Monsieur , 406, 407. 

Hertel, Madam , 440. 

Higginson, Jno., 38. 
Hill, Jean, 16. 

John, 17, 18, 26, 28. 

Joseph, 17. 

Mary, 236. 
Hiller, Joseph, 40. 
Hinkley, Edmond, 395. 

Edmund, 440. 

Gideon, 395. 



INDEX 



471 



Hinkley, continued. 

Isaac, 395. 

Samuel, 394, 395. 

Sarah, 394, 395. 
Hobby, William, 206. 
Holbrook, Benjamin, 344, 346. 

Richard, 344, 346. 

Holson, Capt. , 301. 

Homes, Anna, 442. 

Hopson, Mr. , 463. 

Hornebrooke, John, 28. 
Hubbard, , speaker, 385. 

Thomas, 411. 
Hudson River, 293. 
Hunking, Mark, 38, 65, 80. 
Hunnewell's Cove, 123. 
Hunsewit, Tuddebaw, 107. 
Hunter, Gov. Robert, 65. 
Hutchinson, Edward, 94. 

Elisha, 31, 51, 57. 

Em., 31, 57. 

Thomas, 65, 72, 333, 385, 404. 



Icdoase, 296. 

Ileansis, 38. 

Indian Meeting House, 57, 83 

125, 127, 128. 
River, 280. 
Indians, ) 1, 2, 3, 4, 4", 5, 6, 7, 9 
Savages, \ 10, 12, 13, 14, 18, 19 

20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 

29, 30, 31, 34 

39, 42, 43, 44 

51, 52, 53, 54 

65, 66, 67, 68 

82, 83, 84, 85 

93, 94, 95, 96, 

101, 102, 103 

107, 109, 110 

114, 115, 116 

121, 122, 123 

127, 129, 131 

148, 149, 151 

156, 157, 158 

164, 165, 167 

175, 177, 182 

189, 190, 191 

198, 200, 203 

211, 213, 214 

218, 219, 222 

227, 229, 230 

234, 235, 236 

245, 247, 248 

259, 260, 261 

266, 273, 274 

283, 284, 285 

294, 297, 299 

303, 304, 305 



35, 36, 37, 38, 
45, 46, 47, 50, 
55, 56, 57, 58, 
69, 76, 79, 81, 
86, 87, 89, 90, 
97, 98, 99, 100, 
104, 105, 106, 
111, 112, 113, 
117, 118, 119, 
124, 125, 126, 
132, 136, 140, 
152, 153, 154, 
159, 161, 163, 
168, 169, 170, 
183, 184, 188, 
192, 194, 197, 
206, 207, 210, 
215, 216, 217, 
224, 225, 226, 
231, 232, 233, 
239, 241, 242, 
249, 257, 258, 
262, 263, 264, 
275, 276, 282, 
289, 292, 293, 
300, 301, 302, 
307, 308, 312, 



Indians, 


continual. 








313, 


314, 


315, 


316, 


317, 


318, 


319, 


325, 


326, 


327, 


328, 


330, 


333, 


334, 


335, 


336, 


337, 


338, 


339, 


340, 


341, 


342, 


343, 


344 


345, 


346, 


349, 


350, 


353, 


357, 


358, 


359, 


360, 


361, 


362, 


364, 


367, 


368, 


369, 


370, 


372, 


373, 


374, 


377, 


378, 


380, 


381, 


382, 


383, 


384, 


386, 


387, 


388, 


389, 


390, 


392, 


393, 


394, 


395, 


396, 


397, 


398, 


399, 


400, 


401, 


402, 


403, 


404, 


405, 


410, 


411, 


413, 


414, 


416, 


417, 


419, 


420, 


421, 


423, 


425, 


429, 


431, 


433, 


434, 


436, 


437, 


438, 


439, 


440, 


441, 


442, 


443, 


444, 


445, 


446, 


447, 


449, 


450, 


452, 


455, 


459, 


460, 


462, 


463. 










Indians, 


Eastern, 


5, 10, 13 


19, 


23, 


25, 28 


■ 29, 


31, : 


32, 33 


, 34, 


35, 


37, 5C 


, 60, 


63, 1 


34, 65 


, 68, 


69, 


72, 74 


, 111 


, 114 


116, 


117, 


118, 


119, 


120, 


121, 


124, 


127, 


128, 


130, 


131, 


138, 


139, 


140, 


142, 


143, 


144, 


145, 


146, 


147, 


153, 


155, 


156, 


157, 


161, 


164, 


165, 


168, 


169, 


171, 


172, 


173, 


174, 


175, 


176, 


177, 


179, 


180, 


181, 


182, 


184, 


186, 


187, 


188, 


196, 


212, 


270, 


281, 


282, 


294, 


295, 


297, 


298, 


326, 


331, 


333, 


335, 


347, 


351, 


358, 


363, 


372, 


384, 


385, 


408, 


413, 


428, 


445, 



451. 

Western, 71, 160, 230. 

Expedition against, 2. 

see also under tribal names. 
Ineas, 38. 
Ipswich, 325. 
Ireland, 8, 19, 350. 
Irish, the, 240. 
Iroquois, the, 441. 
Isle of Shoals, 163. 
Isle of St. John, 109. 
Isletts Marshes, 207. 
Issigate, 205, 206. 



Jaffry, George, 45, 50, 65. 
Jabez, 248, 252. 
Jackoit, 38. 

Jacob, an Indian, 162. 
Jaquis, Richard, 210. 
Jebis, 90, 91, 93. 
Jenkins, Philip, 442. 
Jesop, 38. 

Jesuits, 103, 122. 124, 193, 213, 
214, 215, 216, 253, 267, 268, 



472 



DOCUMEN'TAEY HISTORY 



Jesuits, continued. 

303, 353, 387, 388, 389, 404, 

405, 409, 410, 450, see also 

Priests. 
Jo, Capt., alias Ouwoorana, 94, 

422. 
Job, an Indian, 191, 283, 332, 

337, 340. 
Joel, an Indian, 166. 
John Napow, 4. 
John's Island, 206. 
John's son, 220. 
Johnson, Abra., 228. 
Johnston, John, 6. 
Jones, Stephen, 65. 
Jonquiere, see La Jonquiere. 

Jordan, Mr. , 261. 

Capt. Dominicus, 282, 283, 299, 

301. 
Capt. Samuel, 58, 66, 80, 98, 

107, 189, 204, 213, 257. 
Joseph, an Indian, 67. 

Capt., alias Wowurna, 98, 102, 

107. 

Lieut. , 97. 

Jumawit, 234. 

K 

Keais, Samuel, 65. 
Keith, Gov. William, 133. 
Kellog, Capt. Joseph, 180, 186. 
Kenebeq, 199. 
Kenebas, ) 
Kennebis, ] 96, 205. 
Kennebec, 7 3, 38, 47, 74, 81, 
Caneback, \ 204, 206, 219, 248, 
389, 428. 
Indians, 35, 36, 83, 96, 97, 106, 
111, 208, 276, 304, 320, 372. 
River, 6, 18, 19, 21, 51, 81, 84, 
86, 106, 107, 111, 112, 123, 
190, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 
213, 294, 372, 397, 398, 437, 
445, 446, 449, 453. 
Kennebunk, 70, 148. 
River, 149. 
River Falls, 149. 
Kensey, 146. 
Kent, John, 288. 

William, 288. 
Kepisany Indians, the, 161. 
Kesaragunnit, 67. 
Kettera Muggus, 107. 
Ketteramuggus, alias Moses, 98. 

Curreboosett, 106. 
Kewagin, 286. 
Key, Abigl, 15. 
Kilpatrick, Andrew, 285. 



King, Mr. , 391. 

Kinney, Robert, 391. 

Kirebenuit, 38. 

Kittery, 15, 148, 149, 293. 



Lackwadawmech, 106. 

La Gesse, Sieur , 159. 

La Jonquiere, Jacques Pierre de 
Taffanel, Marquis du, 363, 
370, 430, 431, 441. 

Lake, Thomas, 199, 205, 207. 

Lambart, Samuel, 440. 

Lane, Capt. , 72, 77. 

La Prairie, ) 

Laprerie, ) 443, 456. 

Larmond, Alexander, 284. 
William, 284. 

La Ronde, Sieur , 159. 

Larons, the, 149. 

Larraby, Capt. , 275. 

Launiere, Mons. , 356, 357, 

358, 359, 360. 

Lauverjat, Etieme, 210. 

Lawson, Christopher, 205. 

Layton, Capt. John, 65. 

Le Chock River, 378. 

Le Dyte, Benj., 326, 330, 331, 
332, 333, 338, 340, 347, 349, 
350, 351. 

Leguel, Mr. , 168. 

Leverett, Gov. John 1. 

Lewis, Col. , 276. 

Linde, Benj., 38. 

Lithgow, Capt. William, 307, 315, 
317, 318, 330, 334, 338, 352, 
354, 372, 375, 377, 378, 380, 
381, 383, 384, 400, 403, 405, 
432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 445, 
446, 447, 448, 452. 

Littlefield, Peter, 396, 397. 

Little River, 149. 

Littil, Archibald, 287. 

London, 16. 

Long Reach, 204. 

Longueuil, Charles le Moyne, 
Baron de, 430, 432, 439, 440, 
441. 

Lorraw, Capt. , 97. 

Loring's son, 284. 

Loron, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 
192, 193, 204, 209, 210, 213, 
214, 216, 217, 233, 241, 243, 
244, 245, 246, 247, 249, 250, 
251, 252, 254, 256, 257, 262, 
266, 267, 268, 269, 271, 285, 
286, 290, 309, 310, 321, 322, 
328, 415, 416, 418, 419, 420, 



INDEX 



473 



Loron, continued. 

421, 422, 427; see also Sa- 
gourrab, Loron. 
Louis, an Indian, 363, 413, 415. 
Louisbourgh, 396. 
Lovell, Capt. John, 151, 152. 
Lowring, Rev. Mr. , 301. 

Solomon, 301. 
Lue, 1 

Lues, {- Col., 87, 88, 89, 217, 283, 
Luey, j 291. 
Lumber, Samuel, 395. 

Sarah, 394, 395. 

Lydius, Col. , 355, 406. 

Lynde, Benjamin, 351. 

Joseph, 31. 
Lynn, 342. 

M 

McCabe, William, 287. 
McClenachan, William, 271, 272. 
McCobb, Capt. , 303, 339. 

Samuel, 283, 288. 
McFarland, James, 288. 

John, 288. 

John, 2nd, 288. 
MacKerty, Timothy, 440. 
McKown, John, 287. 

McLane, , 429. 

Machias, 240. 
Madamock, 204. 
Maddagonessett, 31. 
Madocawando, 3, 5, 199, 204, 336. 
Madox, Daniel Joseph, 441. 
Magerleine, 109. 
Magesewanusock, 204. 
Maguas Country, The, 185. 
Mahamisco, 22. 
Maine, District, 15. 
Maine Historical Society, Col- 
lections of, 1, 437. 
Malavuins, the, 109. 
Malscite Chief, A, 358, 360. 
Manensek, 37. 
Maqua's, 5. 
Maquois, the, 154. 
Maquoit, 83, 84, 85, 152, 275, 302. 
Marblehead, Maine, 260, 261, see 
also New Marblehead, 393. 

Mass., 342, 343. 
March, Capt. John, 9, 12, 13. 
Maregaret, 286. 
Mare Island, 123. 

Joseph, 286. 
Mares Point, 22. 
Marks of 

Ambaroess, 286; Antewon, 
233; Caesar, 89, 232; Clark, 



Marks of, continued. 

James J., 452; Edgeremonit, 
232; Erixes, 232; Espe- 
gueant, 286; Genete, 232; 
Henegue, 85; Kewagim, 28G; 
Loron, 233, 286; Lues, 89; 
Mase, Joseph, 286; Mare- 
garet, 286; Messer, 286; 
Nemquid, 286; Peir, 286; 
Pemmorawet, 286; Pettene- 
memit, 232; Querrebennit, 
286; Sabatis, 83; Sauess, 
286; Sebaooset, 374; Squa- 
dooks, 387; Staneslas, 286; 
Toma, 232; Urawaramet, 
286; Wenongonett, 233; 
Warenowke, 83. 

Marston, Ephraim, 65. 

Martin, John, 442. 

Mary II., Queen of England, 8, 
11. 

Mascarene, Gov. Paul, 186, 313, 
386, 387, 412, 416, 419, 420, 
421, 423. 

Masconcous, ) 

Masconcor, \ 88. 

Massachusetts Bay, Province of, 
2, 6, 8, 10, 19, 20, 23, 26, 31, 
38, 45, 51, 58, 60, 79, 83, 110, 
236, 247, 261, 262, 276, 292, 
296, 319, 328, 331, 344, 350, 
351, 356, 368, 370, 372, 383, 
406, 412, 423, 437, 446, 455, 
457, 459. 

Massachusetts, State of, Ar- 
chives of, 437, 441. 

Mast Trade, the, 85. 

Mather, Rev. Cotton, 6. 

Maxus, Caezar, son of, 67. 

Mecob, Capt. , 339. 

Medockawando, 239, 240, 434. 

Meeting House, ) Indian, 57, 83, 

Praying House, ( 125, 127, 128. 

Meganumba, 187, 306. 

Megouerey, Robert, 288. 

Memente, 3. 

Menaskonkus, 90. 

Mendum, 340. 

Menis, ) 

.Menness, ] see Minas. 

Merrimac Indians, 131, 139. 
River, 7, 19, 23, 25, 29. 

Merry Coneag Head, 207. 

Merrymeeting, 32, 98, 99, 102, 
107. 
Bay, 83, 84, 100, 106, 196, 206, 
303, 391. 

Mertar, Robert, 287. 

Mescongus, 205. 



474 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Mesguadug, John, 410. 

Messer, 286. 

Messeskeek Indians, the, 139. 

Miamis, 440. 

Micmacks, ) the, 371, 416, 

Micquemaques, } 417, 419, 427. 

Middlesex County, 330, 331, 338, 

344. 
Miller, Abraham, 3, 4. 

William, 287. 
Minas, 1 

Menis, [232, 350, 371, 417, see 
Menness, J Nienis, 41. 

Indians of, 36. 
Mincote, son of, 206. 
Ministers, ) 29, 30, 286, 287, 288, 
Chaplains, j 289. 

Minot, Capt. , 248, 253, 274. 

John, 280, 390, 391. 
Stephen, 210. 
Mirapoise, Charles Pierre Gas- 
ton Francois de Levis, duke 
de, 463. 
Mis Moses, 22. 

Mitchel, Lieut. , 301. 

Benjamin, 391, 438, 456, 457, 

461. 
Daniel, 438, 440. 
Nathaniel, 456. 
Solomon, 438, 440, 456, 457. 
Mockses, 5; .see also Moxus. 
Mogg, 98, 107, called also War- 

rawcuset. 
Mohawks, the, 435. 
Mongaret, 419, 422. 
Monhegan, 206. 
Montenecus, 149. 
Montinicus Island, 449, 451. 
Montreal, 169, 170, 171, 273, 354, 
355, 393, 430, 439, 440, 441, 
443, 454, 456, 458, 459, 460, 
461. 
Hospital, 440, 442, 443. 
Monument, the two Brothers, 
116, 117. 

Moody, Maj. , 128. 

Lieut. Joshua, 114, 115, 121, 

128 
Capt. Samuel, 38, 39, 47, 54, 72, 
77, 78, 96, 97, 106, 107, 324, 
325, 444. 
Moor, William, 288. 
Moses, an Indian, 98, 254. 
Moses, Mis, 22. 
Moses, Wenunguishett, 205. 

Moulton, Col. , 299. 

Jeremiah, 149, 150, 325, 349, 
350. 
Mountsweage, 274. 



Mount Sweague Bay, 205. 
Mousome River, 149. 
Mowewemets, 60. 
Moxus, 1 1, 5, 22, 32, 47, 204, 
Moxos, [ 205, 206, 217, 221, 
Mockses, J 227, 274, 283. 
Muggus, Kettera, 107. 

Mumford, , 220. 

Mussle Bridge, 71. 

N 
Nacklungen, 67. 
Nahagnimen, 5. 
Napow, John, 4. 
Naracomegock, 26. 
Narangawock, 87. 
Indians, the, 88. 
Narantonag, 409. 
Nash, Joseph, 1. 
Nashaway River, 25. 
Nason, Richard, 16. 
Nassoemeek, 206. 
Nataombamit, 22. 
Nathaniel, Capt., an Indian, 67, 

103. 
Nat: tanas, 435. 
Neal, Thomas, 441. 
Neaumke, 205. 
Nebon, Jo., 192, 193. 
Necodehanut, 205. 
Needham, 344. 
Negomby Island, 205, 207. 
Negunkit, 148. 
Neguscawit, 67. 
Nemmaggeen, 234. 
Nemquid, 286. 
Nequamkett, 205. 
Nequassegg, 206. 
Nequtinuit 410, 
Nessegombewit, 5. 
New Casco, 300, 348. 
New Castle, 45. 
New England, 2, 4 n , 6, 9, 10, 19, 

39, 58, 132, 160, 161, 170, 172, 

175, 177, 179, 183, 184, 185, 

296, 303, 351, 358, 359, 361, 

412, 439, 442, 459. 
shilling, 53, 54. 
money, 139. 
New France, 359, 456. 
New Hampshire, 9, 11, 38, 39, 

45, 58, 64, 68, 69, 72, 76, 80, 

82, 94, 194, 319. 
New Harbor, 35, 36, 37. 
New Marblehead, 393; see also 

Marblehead, Maine. 
New Meadows, 302, 405, 425. 
New Plymouth, 2. 
New Yarmouth, 125. 






INDEX 



47:, 



New York, Province of, 5, 6, 30, 
120, 128, 133, 171, 172, 178, 
356, 369, 430, 457, 459. 
Newfoundland, 6, 42, 49, 55, 107. 
Newichawanock, 77. 
Newington, 152. 
Newtown, 27, 28. 
Nextumbarest, 306. 

Nicholson, Col. , 117, 128. 

Gen. Frances, 51, 52,' 53, 54, 
55, 56, 57, 61, 66, 67, 68, 69, 
71, 72, 77, 78, 79, 80. 

Nickels, Capt. , 380. 

Nicols, Lieut. , 283. 

Nictilnuit, 306, 308, 315. 
Nienis, 41; see Minas. 
Nimport, 67, 75. 
Nittaumemit, 32. 

Noble, Capt. , 283 

Col. , 350. 

Abigail, 440, 443, 456, 457. 

Benjamin, 443. 

Frances, 443. 

John, 442. 

Joseph, 440, 443. 

Lazarus, 437, 438, 442 456 

457, 458, 461. 
Marie, 442. 
Mathew, 443. 
Nodagonebawit, 57, 61, 63. 
Noise, Thomas, 38. 
Nonesuch River, 148. 
Noo: dogg, 435. 
Noodoet, ) 
Noodoot, J 379, 448. 
Noodogawirramet, 430. 
Noremetts, Err, 284. 

Joseph, 284. 
Noronjawoke, 51, 56. 
Norridgewock, 26, 32, 34, 82 95 
104, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115! 
125, 126, 128, 152, 175, 193 
217, 218, 219, 221, 222, 225' 
231, 244, 366, 396, 404. 
Meeting House, 57, 125, 127 
128. 
Norridgewocks, the, 57, 81 83 
94, 95, 97, 104, 106, 186,' 188,' 
190, 195, 234, 241, 244, 248, 
254, 297, 306, 307, 308, 311, 
316, 317, 318, 319, 322, 327, 
329, 334, 363, 366, 370, 373, 
375, 376, 383, 384, 389, 396, 
398, 400, 401, 404, 405, 410, 
411, 412, 415, 416, 417, 418, 
419, 422, 426, 427, 428, 429, 
430, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 
437, 447, 453, 455. 
Northampton, 168, 186. 



North, John, 287. 
North Yarmouth, 85, 299, 300 
348, 382, 383, 391, 402, 438' 
Nostus, 225. 

Nova Scotia, 55, 281, 296, 297 
319, 334, 367, 371, 387, 389^ 
412, 413, 416, 417, 421, 423. 
Indians of, 297. 

Noyes, Mr. , 277. 

Capt. Oliver, 69, 249, 251, 256, 

270. 
Thomas, 65. 
Nudagumboin, 47. 
Nugdumbawit, 448. 

O 

Oawaarana, 97. 
O'Bazen, William, 288. 
Obomawhawk, 98, 106, 107. 
Obomohawk — Currebooset, 105. 
Obyhas, 205. 
Olby, see Albee. 
Omeutas, the, 172. 
Onogongues, 162, 163. 
Ooosunk, 306, 308, 309, 310. 
Orr, Joseph, 288. 
Osaby Pond, 151. 
Oso, Recollect, 154. 
Osgood, Capt. Peter, 65. 
Ossamewanes, 51. 
Osung, 306, 389. 
Otis, James, 404. 

Oulton, Capt. , 283. 

Outotschan, 172. 
Ouwangoununquit, 97. 
Ouwoorana, alias Capt. Jo., 94 

422. 
Owanabamit, 57, 61, 63. 
Oyamouet, 267. 
Oyster River, 10, 14, 15, 16, 81, 

152, 204. 



Pacquawet, 67. 
Pagipscut, see Pejepscot. 
Pamadniacks, the, 188. 
Pameway, 216. 
Pancanralmett, 157. 
Pannanampsgeg, 409, 410. 
Papists, 272. 
Papooduck, 110. 
Paquarak, 22. 

Parker, John, 107, 206, 207. 
Parker's Island, 339. 

Partridge, , 406. 

Passamaquoddy, ) 
Passamaquadde, ( 78, 247, 298. 
Indians, the, 297, 373, 414, 422. 



476 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Passanawacks, the, 188. 

Patishall, Richard, 204, 205. 

Paucanaulemet, 175, 181, 185. 

Paunauampsqui, 450. 

Pear, Exes, 57, 62, 63. 

Peaw, 32. 

Peer: Me, 435. 

Peir, 286. 

Pejepscot, | 

Pagipscut, ) 82, 85. 
Indians, the, 253. 
River, 82. 
River Falls, 85. 

Pemaouanpske, 210. 

Pemaquid, 3, 4, 4 n , 6, 8, 9, 11, 

12, 14, 15, 16, 19, 27, 53, 62, 

70, 72, 82, 204, 206, 209, 234, 

273, 274, 283, 287, 288, 314. 

River, 205. 

Pemenduit, 51. 

Pemmaquois, 209, see Pemaquid. 

Pemmekes, 37. 

Penamorawet, 286. 

Penhallow, John, 94, 96. 
Samuel, 38, 65, 72, 80. 

Pennecook, ) 

Pennycook, ) 151. 
Indians, 22°, 23. 

Pennsylvania, 132, 133. 

Penobscot, 9, 32, 33, 37, 38, 47, 
51, 76, 77, 78, 82, 88, 95, 
104, 111, 188, 192, 193, 206, 
216, 217, 235, 239, 266, 269, 
270, 275, 303, 308, 310, 312, 
314, 353, 402, 410. 
Bay, 416. 

Indians, 33, 35, 36, 37, 62, 63, 
67, 83, 88, 95, 97, 104, 186, 
188, 190, 192, 194, 195, 204, 
213, 216, 222, 225, 229, 231, 
236, 237, 240, 241, 252, 254, 
262, 263, 264, 266, 267, 269, 
273, 274, 275, 276, 279, 280, 
281, 289, 297, 298, 306, 307, 
311, 315, 316, 319, 321, 322, 
327, 328, 334, 335, 363, 366, 
367, 370, 371, 373, 374, 384, 
387, 396, 398, 405, 406, 408, 
410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 
420, 422, 425, 426, 427, 428, 
429, 430, 434, 436, 448, 449, 
451, 453, 455. 
River, 6, 19, 26, 35, 111, 321, 
353, 366, 375, 378. 

Penogonet, 227. 

Pepperell, Sir, William, 292, 293, 
386, 398, 444. 

^equakett, 104. 

Perse, Thomas, 284. 



Peter, an Indian, 96. 
Pettenemenet, 232. 
Phil, 5. 

Phillips, John, 18, 65. 
Phips, | 

Phipps, j Capt. Samuel, 65. 
Spencer, 45, 68, 129, 147, 328, 
331, 334, 342, 343, 352, 354, 
371, 373, 378, 379, 385, 386, 
387, 388, 389, 398, 399, 400, 
403, 405, 412, 414, 420, 429, 
430, 432, 433, 436, 437, 439, 
449, 454, 456, 457, 458, 459, 
460, 461. 
Gov. Sir William, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 
11, 20, 40, 115, 116, 128, 199, 
204. 
Pierce, Red., 205. 

Pierre, , 47. 

Abinnaway, 67. 
Pigmoor, 306. 
Pigwacket, 151, 282. 
Pigwackets, the, 67, 104, 291, 

297, 315. 
Pine tree, an emblem, 53, 54. 

shilling, 53, 54. 
Piscataqua, 15, 26, 35, 47, 50, 51, 
52, 54, 69, 94, 100, 117. 
River, 25, 27, 31. 
Pittaurisquame, 67. 

Pratt, Mr. , 275. 

Praying House, A, 83, see also 

Meeting House. 
Presbyterians, 271, 272. 
Presumpscot, 257, 259, 260. 
Falls, 299. 

Indians, 257, 259, 261. 
Mills, 261. 

River, 257, 258, 260, 261, 
299, 348. 
Price, Ezekiel, 414, 423. 
Priests, ) 9, 56, 84, 121, 122, 
Friers, | 170, 232: see 

Jesuits. 
Placentia, 6, 41, 49. 
Plaisted, Elisha, 65. 
Ichabod, 38, 57, 65, 72. 
John, 38, 65, 80. 
Mrs. Mary, 15. 
Plesentia, see Placentia. 
Plymouth, 446, 447. 

Colony, 2. 
Polin, 257, 259, 261. 
Pomroy, Ebenezer, 186. 
Pond, the, 3. 
Portland, 46. 
Port Royal, 41. 

Portsmouth, 37, 39, 43, 45, 50, 
64, 68, 69, 80. 



262, 



152, 
also 



INDEX 



477 



Powell, Esq. , 299, 300, 301. 

Jeremiah, 391. 

Pssttps S 

Puddlestone Island, 97, 205. 

Purchase, Mr. , 199. 

Purrington, John, 207. 

Q 

Quacnbouk, Rachel, 440. 

Quarabannit, 52, 54, 56, 57. 

Quarrexis, 51. 

Quar: roozd, 435. 

Quebec, 15, 16, 43, 103, 159, 161, 

163, 273, 356, 439, 440, 441, 

458. 
Queen Anne Guinea, 52, 54, 68. 
Quehooorada, 97. 
Queneways, 86. 
Querabannity, 51. 
Querabenawit, 61, 63. 
Querrebennit, 286. 
Querrebenuit, ) 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 
Querebuit, \ 73, 74, 76, 77, 78. 
Quesnick Neck, 206. 
Quesomemeck, 205. 
Quinamus, 75. 

Quincey, Mr. , 342. 

Quincey, Edmund, 189. 

John, 327, 333. 
Quingey, Edmund, 65. 
Quinnawus, 67. 
Quirrabooset, 67. 

R 

Ralle, Sabastian, 103, 108, 110, 
193. 

Rand, Samuel, 16. 

Rashegon Island, 207. 

Recollect, Oso, 154. 

Redknap, Col. J., 45, 50. 

Reed, Andrew, 287. 

Regemocken, 204. 

Remington, Jona., 189. 

Remobsens, 205. 

Remobsenst, 205. 

Rendel, James, 65. 

Revolt, S., 442. 

Richards, John, 206. 

Richmond, 114, 147, , 197, 198, 
199, 216, 243, 248, 273, 274, 
275, 283, 285, 315, 335, 354, 
377, 380, 381, 400, 405, 426, 
430, 433, 437, 453. 
Truck House, 274, 314; see 
also Fort Richmond. 

Rigaud, Monsieur , 440. 

River Indians, the, 141, 142. 

River Le Chock, 378. 

Roben, 306. 

Robinhood, 204, 205, 206, 207. 



Robinson, Capt. , 283. 

Rodgers, Patreck, 287. 

George, 284. 

Roguscawon, 217. 

Rose, James, 15. 

Ross, John, 442. 

William, 390, 442. 

.Mrs. William, 390. 

Rotch, Mr. , 433. 

Round Pond Falls, 205. 
Royal's River, 299, 300. 

Russell, Judge , 385. 

Chambers, 412. 
James, 31. 

S 
Sabaccomer, Tom, 26. 
Sabadis, \ 
Sabatis, \ 83, 234, 306. 

the Strong, 306. 
Sabanoosett, 374. 
Sabanset, 321. 

Sabaooset, 323, 374, 379, 425. 
Sacadehock, 3. 
Sacaristo, 193. 
Sacary, Harry, 332, 340. 
Saco, 12, 23, 25, 44, 46, 59, 76, 
235 424. 
Falls,' 17, 149, 291, 292, 424. 
Falls, the lower, 148. 
Indians, 234. 

River, 6, 17, 18, 19, 21, 43, 48, 
49, 58, 75, 76, 85, 150, 151, 
152, 293, 349, 398. 
Store House, 273, 275. 
Truckhouse, 444. 
Sagadahock, 72, 206, 286. 

River, 196, 207. 
Saggetawan, 207. 
Sagossett, 206 
Sagouarrab, Loron 
Sagouarrat, Laurant 

Loron. 
Saguadommameg, 60. 
Saguarrab, 410. 
Saguntacooks, the, 188, 190. 
St. Ange, see De St. Ange, Charly. 
St. Castine, Jean Vincent, Baron 

de, 214, 232, 276, 290. 
St. Francois, 355, 393, 407, 439. 
440, 443, 462. 
Indians, 161, 169, 188, 234, 312, 
314, 318, 319, 3S4, 386, 398, 
405, 406, 408, 410, 432, 442, 
456, 457, 458. 
St. Georges, 189, 197, 198, 199, 
200, 201, 206, 221, 222, 224, 
225, 226, 227, 229, 230, 231, 
232, 237, 238, 239, 242, 244. 
246, 251, 270, 274, 275, 276, 



'n,| 



209, 210; 
see also 



478 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



St. Georges, continued. 

279, 281, 282, 283, 285, 286, 
290, 291, 303, 307, 309, 314, 
315, 319, 320, 323, 327, 328, 
334, 335, 338, 364, 366, 367, 
373, 374, 378, 379, 380, 384, 
386, 388, 389, 390, 399, 402, 
406, 408, 410, 413, 425, 427, 
428, 429, 433, 435, 437, 445, 
448, 453. 
Indians, the 282, 399. 
River, 23, 204, 211, 212, 213, 
283, 294, 337, 372, 378, 384, 
411, 413, 451. 
River Falls, 238. 
Truck House, 273, 283, 314. 
St. Johns, 37, 38, 40, 47, 227, 297, 
240, 379, 422, 427. 
Indians, the, 36, 37, 186, 214, 
218, 223, 224, 281, 290, 296, 
297, 298, 308, 311, 312, 313, 
319, 321, 367, 371, 379, 386, 
410, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 
419, 420, 422. 
Isle of, 109. 

River, 35, 36, 37, 416, 417. 
St. Lawrence River, 298. 
St. Lewis Falls, 441. 
St. Luce, Mons. Corne, 441. 
St. Peters, N. F., 41, 42. 
St. Pierre, Le Comte de, 109. 

St. Stouder, , 431. 

Salem, 70, 338. 

Goal, 343. 
Salmon, 302. 

Falls, 60, 72, 148, 150. 

Saltingsl, Madame , 13. 

Saltonstall, Richard, 350, 352. 

Sam, Capt. , an Indian, 276, 

315; see Terramaquin. 
Sampson, an Indian, 26, 28; see 

also Samson. 
Samson, son of Sheepscot John, 
33. 
Capt., an Indian, 283. 
Hegon, ) 

Hegin, \ 22, 31, 32, 34, 35. 
see also Sampson. 
Samuel, Capt., an Indian, 32, 67, 
86, 94; also called Terrama- 
quin, which see. 
Sanboddies, 67. 
Sanders, see Saunders. 
Sankarappa River, 260. 

Santanie, Monsieur, , 407. 

Saquant, 291. 
Saraston, 441. 
Sasumick, 26, 28. 
Sauess, 286. 



Saugwaran, 233. 

Saukees, 306. 

Saunders, ) Capt. Thomas, 167, 

Sanders, ) 210, 230, 235, 247, 
249, 254, 255, 256, 257, 266, 
276, 281, 303, 304, 334, 335, 
372, 374, 387, 403, 413. 

Savage, Capt. , 274. 

Arthur, 288, 325. 

Saw Mill, 238. 

Sawwaramet, 330. 

Scalps, ) 131, 132, 139, 140, 

bounty for, } 152, 298. 

Scambemat, 5. 

Scammon, Lieut. , 150, 151. 

Scanbeouyt, 26, 28. 

Scanowease, 67. 

Scarborough, 85, 348, 424. 

Scatacooks, ) the, 141, 142, 175, 

Scauta Cooks, ] 185; see also 
Seattacocks. 

Schadoock, 26, 28. 

Schahunado, 161. 

Schenectada, 178. 

Schohandie, 161. 

Schuyler, Maj. Abraham, 162. 
Col. Peter, 112, 114, 124, 125, 
133, 153, 154, 155, 160. 

Sconbeovit, 58. 

Scotland, 8. 

Scoweez, 204. 

Seattacocks, the, 131; see also 
Scatacooks. 

Seconk, 350. 

Seguncowick, 67. 

Seneclica, 41. 

Senter, Samuel, 15. 

Seogogguanegabo, 206. 

Sergeant, Peter, 31. 

Serumben, 205. 

Sewall, Samuel, 31, 51, 57. 
Stephen, 351, 352. 

Shapleigh, Mr. , 199. 

Sheenector, ) 

Shunector, \ 36. 

Sheepscot, 27, 243, 248, 380, 390. 
Indians, the, 234. 
John, 12, 14, 33. 
Narrows, 205. 
River, 205. 

Sheworons, the, 185. 

Shipley, Jno., 16. 

Shirley, Gov. William, 276, 288, 
292, 293, 295, 296, 298, 306, 
319, 320, 321, 323, 366, 455. 

Shute, Gov. Samuel, 83, 87, 88, 
101, 114, 129, 175, 199. 

Sibanuset, 410. 

Simpson, Henry, 15. 



INDEX 



479 



Six Nations, the, 110, 112, 118, 
120, 127, 128, 132, 133, 134, 
135, 136, 137, 141, 142, 143, 
144, 145, 146, 147, 155, 168, 
169, 170, 171, 172, 174, 180, 
181, 182, 183, 184, 281, 293, 
294, 406, 408. 

Skanwenes, 32, 34. 

Skiner, Lewis, 284. 

Skinner, Elizabeth, 441. 

Sknumbee, 207. 

Sloops, see Vessels. 

Small Point, 84, 85, 125, 284, 286, 
452. 

Small Rock Island, 205. 

Smart, Elizh., 15. 

Smith, Sieur , of Boston, 16. 

Maj. Joseph, 65. 
Capt. Thomas, 215, 216, 217, 
220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 
226, 227, 228, 235, 258, 260, 
273, 275. 

Snake Island, 206. 

Soccarexes, the widow ot, 234. 

Society for Propagating the Gos- 
pel, the, 29. 

Sockheret, 57. 

Sockquadoomet, 67. 

Somersett, 84, 85. 

Sommersett, Capt. John, 205. 

Sosep, 234. 

Soul, Cornelius, 283, 391. 

Southack, Cyprian, 22. 

Spain, King of, 258. 

Spaniard, 154. 

Spencer, Roger, 205, 207. 

Spotswood, Gov. Alexander, 133. 

Springfield, 168. 

Sproe, James, 287. 

Spurwinck, 85, 282. 

Squadduck, 1 

Squadock, L 32, 37, 379, 387, 

Squadook, J 427. 
Lewe, 373. 

Stanalisus, 284. 

Staneslas, 286. 

Stannard, Thomas, 439. 

Starkes, John, 440. 

Stephen's Carrying Place, 303. 
Katta, 16. 
Thomas, 206. 
Thomas, 2 nd , 206. 

Stephins, Jno., 15. 

Stevens, Capt. Phinehas, 354, 
355, 369, 407, 431, 432, 439, 
441, 443, 454. 

Stelson, Mrs. Martha, 15. 
Mary (Marg), 16. 
Stittson, James, 15. 



Stockbridge, , 102. 

Stoddard, Benjamin, 359, 362. 

Col. John, 87, 121, 129, 147, 
168, 183, 186. 
Storer, Capt. John, 273, 275. 

Joseph, 69. 
Story, Cha:, 80. 

Stoughton, Gov. William, 11, 12, 
13, 14, 40. 

Strange, Mr. , 443. 

Stub, , of New Casco, 300. 

Stutson, , 425. 

Suffolk County, 331, 332, 338, 

344. 
Suragonet, 47. 
Sureog, 86. 
Susrene, 109. 
Swan, Capt., an Indian, 254. 

Island, 84, 85, 355 n , 383, 391, 
437. 
Swarton, Johana, 15. 

Joseph, 15. 

Mary, 15. 
Swash, Dick, 205. 



T 



Tabockanegon, 430. 
Taconnet, .see Teconnet. 
Tagagonout, 114. 
Tailor, Lieut. Gov. William, 57, 
64, 87, 121, 127, 129, 147, 189. 
Tarramogges, 5. 
Tassack, 206. 
Taylor, Isaach, 107. 

William, 51. 
Teconnet, ) 
Tenconick, j 1, 216, 455. 

Falls, 205, 207. 
Temple, Robert, 107. 
Tenconick, see Teconnet. 
Teramaugous, 47. 
Terramaquin, 94, 97. 
Terramuggus, 103, 105. 
Terunguen, 204. 
Thaxter, 65. 
Thorns, John, 348. 
Thwayts, Alexander, 204. 
Tim, otherwise Sconbeovit, 58. 
Tohanto, George, 22". 
Toma, 232. 

Tom Sabaccoman, 26. 
Tooxis, 322; see Toxus. 
Topsham, 85, 301, 302. 
Townsend, Penn, 31, 51, 57, 64. 
Townshend, 287, 288. 
Toxus, 1 

Toxsos, \ 32, 89, 233, 234. 235, 
Tooxis, J 255, 256, 322, 434. 



480 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Tozer, Elizh., 15. 
Trafton, Charles, 16. 
Trois Rivieres, 368, 439. 
Trott, Sergt. , 299. 

Bernard, 1. 
Trowbridge, , 333. 

Ed. M., 325, 326. 
Tuddebawhunsewit, 98, 105, 107. 
Turell, Samuel, 1. 
Turner, Col. John, 189, 206. 
Turpine, S., 442. 
Turramugwos, 22. 

Tuttle, Mr. , 301. 

Two Brothers Monument, the 

116, 117. 
Tyler, Samuel, 225. 
Tyng, Edward, 206. 

U 
Unge, 435. 
Urawaramet, 286. 
Usher, Lieut.-Gov. John, 64. 
Utrecht, 158, 159. 



Van Dam, Mr. , 128. 

Van Schaick, Anthony, 407, 457, 

458. 
Vass, Elizabeth, 390. 

John, 390. 
Vaudreuil, Gov. Philipp de 
Rigaud, 84, 108,110,158,159, 
161. 168, 439. 

Vaughan, Maj. , 13. 

Col. George, 45, 50, 80. 

William, 38. 

Vessels, ) 3, 6, 12, 16, 18, 19, 

Canoes, I 23, 24, 25, 33, 34, 

Sloops, j- 35, 36, 39, 42, 46, 

Whaleboats, I 73, 79, 81, 83, 102, 

etc., J 113, 114, 123, 127, 

138, 152, 155, 163, 164, 165, 

166, 167, 178, 191, 193, 216, 

218, 228, 234, 255, 269, 273, 

275, 279, 282, 283, 290, 296, 

299, 301, 302, 303, 307, 321, 

339, 340, 342, 359, 367, 379, 

426, 452. 

Massachusetts, the sloop, 334, 

335, 372, 413, 423. 
Phcenix, the ship, 68. 
Province Galley, the, 9. 
Two Brothers, the sloop, 110. 
Virginia, 132, 133, 154, 452. 

W 

Wach hoa 57. 

Wadaranaquin, 38. 
Wahaway, 191. 



Wainwright, Capt. John, 97, 106, 
203. 

Waldo, Mr. , 237, 239, 240, 

251. 

L., 293. 

Brig.-Gen. Samuel, 303, 372. 
Waldron, , 1. 

B., 82. 

Richard, 65, 80. 
Walley, John, 31. 

Walter, Capt. , 128. 

Walton, Col. , 114, 115, 123, 

128. 
Walumpe, 3. 

Wampum, | 32, 33, 89, 98, 

Wampum Belt, j 100, 101, 112, 
140, 143, 144, 153, 154, 157, 
160, 161, 162, 169, 170, 171, 
175, 176, 177, 179, 181, 182, 
183, 185, 188, 189, 219, 252, 
254, 256, 263, 274, 376, 379, 
380, 384, 389, 400, 404, 447. 
Wanooson, 22. 

Ward, Capt. , 151. 

Warenowke, 83. 
Warracansit, 38. 
Warracunsit, 67. 
Warraquassit, 51, 56. 
Warrawcuset, see Mogg. 
Warumbo, 199. 
Wasombamit, 22. 
Wassamack, 205. 
Wasumbamet, 3. 
Watanick, 24. 
Wattanumman, 22. 
Watts, L., 293. 

Richard, 344. 

Samuel, 411. 
Waumanerimit, 413. 
Wausaumenis, 191. 
Wawenockes, ] 

Woorrenocks, \ the, 328, 329, 
Worenocks, J 330. 
Weare, Nathaniel, 38, 65. 
Webb, Samuel, 393, 394. 

Seth, 393, 440, 443. 
Weddorramaquid, 67. 
Weebenoore, 67. 
Weenognett, 37. 
Weenohson, 5. 
Weenuinguishett, 206. 
Weeomoghogmett, 37. 
Weesomanasco, 204. 
Weguanumba, 189. 
Wehorumbomet, 67. 
Wells, 3, 17, 85, 86, 148, 149, 151, 

273, 275. 
Wemms, Capt. James, 4. 
Wemogganet, 61. 



INDEX 



481 



Wenagganet, 62, 63. 
Wendell, Col. , 357, 358. 

J 293. 

Jacob, 406, 411, 414, 425. 
Wenemoet, 67. 
Weneniouett, 204. 
Weneremet, 231. 
Wennaganet, 230, 232. 
Wenonoganet, 57. 
Wenongonett, 205, 233. 
Wentworth, J., 50. 

John, 38, 45, 65, 68, 80. 

Capt. John, 72. 

Gov. John, 319. 
Wenungonet, 217. 
Wenungonot, 32. 
Wenunguishett, Moses, 205. 
Weranmanhead, 291. 
Werenohah, 22. 
Wesaumkemet, 32. 
Wesnunganit, 235. 
Wessowwesgig Carrying Place, 

166. 
Wessungawocks, the, 188. 
Westbrook, Capt. , 123. 

Col. , 148, 150, 259, 261. 

Western Islands, 206. 
Westsouwestkeeg, 204. 
Weymouth, 293. 
Whaleboats, .see under Vessels. 

Wharton, Mr. , 199, 207. 

Whawana, 146. 
Wheeler, Sir Francis, 6. 
Wheelwright, John, 38, 45, 50, 
65, 222, 223, 224, 225, 282, 
283, 318, 372, 379. 

Nathaniel, 431, 439, 441, 443, 
460, 461, 462, 463. 

Capt. Samuel, 151. 
Whidden, James, 391, 393. 
Whirling, John, 287. 
White, Deacon, , 301. 

John, 80. 
Whitney, 
Whidden, 

Whitten, \ John, 303. 
Whitton, j 

Samuel, 395, 397. 

Samuel, Jr., 395. 

Solomon, 443. 

Timothy, 355, 443. 
Whitt, Sara, 16. 
Wigerermett, 205. 
Wiggeremett, 206. 
Wigwam Bay, 206. 

Cove, 207. 
Wilder, Joseph, Jr., 344. 
Willard, Mr. , 260. 

Josiah, 110, 159, 186, 221, 262. 



Willard, continued. 

276, 280, 298, 325, 326, 333, 

336, 380, 381, 386, 391, 423, 

425, 429, 452. 
Willey, Abigll., 15. 

Elizh, 15. 
William III, King of England, 8, 

11, 19, 22, 27, 28, 36, 37. 
Williams, Israel, 404. 
Wilson, Goen, 345. 
Winakermit, l n . 
Windmill Island, 205. 
Winnegance River, 206. 
Winnegansett River, 204. 
Winnepesocket, 151. 
Winslow's Rocks, 206. 
Winter Harbor, 85, 96. 
Winthrop, Adam, 189. 
W. ) 

Wail, } 31, 34, 57. 
Wait, I 
Winurna, 217. 
Wirling, William, 287. 
Wiscasset, 325, 326, 327, 328, 330, 

332, 336, 337, 338, 342, 344, 
345, 346, 347, 349, 350, 351, 
375, 401. 

Wittenoweete, 204. 

Wittewawus, 204. 

Wiwurna, 191, 241, 243, 248, 253, 

254, 256. 
Wombamando, 363, 365, 379. 
Wombemandoe, 321. 
Wombus, 206. 

Woosawmewis, Capt. , 97. 

Worcester County, 344. 
Worenocke, 328. 
Wowenocks, the, 366, 420, 427. 
Wowurna, alias Capt. Joseph, 98, 

102, 107. 
Wowurnapa, Jo., 107. 

Wright, Lieut. , 401. 

Wunungonet, 47. 

Wyers, Mrs. , 300, 301. 

Wylie. Robert, 287. 

Wylie, 287. 
Wyworney, 234. 
Xavier, Francois, 224, 225. 
Yong, James, 288. 
York, 2, 15, 16, 148, 149, 151, 

154, 304, 325, 326, 329, 331, 

338, 341, 350, 352, 390. 
Goal, 330, 332, 338, 340, 343, 

344, 347, 349, 352. 
Countv, 271. 325, 328, 331, 332, 

333, 336, 337, 338, 341, 344, 

345. 346, 351, 385, 437. 
Samuel, 15. 

, William, a negro, 441. 



32 



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LIBRARY 

Los Angeles 
This book is DUE on the last date stamped below. 



OCT 1 9 1978 



PSD 2338 9/77 



^oKTA 



I J III I 

3 1158 00385 6522 




AA 000 525 271 3