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Full text of "Documentary testimony of Gen. Izyador Modelski, former military attaché of the Polish Embassy, Washington, D.C. Hearings before the Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, Eighty-first Congress, first session. Mar. 31 and Apr. 1, 1949"

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DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI, 

MER MILITARY ATTACHE OF THE POLISH EMBASSY, 
WASHINGTON, D. C. 




HEARINGS 



BEFORE THE 



COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES 
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

EIGHTY-FIRST CONGRESS 



FIRST SESSION 



MARCH 31 AND APRIL 1, 1949 



Printed for the use of the Committee on Un-American Activities 




1. 



UNITED STATES 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
89349 WASHINGTON : 1949 




,3TO}v"^ 



r 



tt. S. SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMEWlS 

MAY 10 1949 / 



COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES 

United States House of Representatives 

JOHN S. WOOD, Georgia, Chairman 
FRANCIS E. WALTER, Pennsylvania J. PARNELL THOMAS, New Jersey 

BURR P. HARRISON, Virginia RICHARD M. NIXON, California 

JOHN McSWEENEY, Ohio FRANCIS CASE, South Dakota 

MORGAN M. MOULDER, Missouri HAROLD H. VELDE, Illinois 

LoDis J. Russell, Senior Investigator 
Benjamin Mandel, Director of Research 
John W. Carrington, Clerk of Committee 



• ^ 

^ 



Note. — Testimony taken in executive session and made public by full Committee 
on Un-American Activities for release on April 24, 1949. 

n 



DOCUMENTAEY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI, 
FORMEE MILITARY ATTACHE OF THE POLISH EMBASSY, 
WASHINGTON, D. C. 



THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 1949 

United States House of Representatives, 
Subcommittee of the Committee of Un-American Activities, 

Washington^ D. G. 

executive session 

A subcommittee of the Committee on Un-American Activities met 
pursuant to call at 10 a.m. in room 226, Old House Office Building, 
Hon. John S. Wood, (chairman) , presiding. 

Committee members present : Hon. John S. Wood, chairman. 

Staff members present: Louis J. Russell, senior investigator; Wil- 
liam A. Wheeler, investigator. 

Mr. Russell. Mr. Chairman, the witness this morning is General 
Izyador Rudolf Modelski. General Modelski made available to the 
committee a number of original documents in the Polish language 
which he kept in his possession after he left his position as military 
and air attache at the Polish Embassy, Washington, D. C. Photo- 
static copies of the documents were made and the documents were 
later translated from Polish into English by official Government trans- 
lators. General Modelski's appearance here is in conjunction with the 
documents he made available to the committee. 

Mr, Wood. Will you stand and be sworn, please. Do you solemnly 
swear that the testimony you are about to give will be the truth, the 
whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God? 

General Modelski. I do. 

Mr. Russell. Will you please state your full name for the record ? 

General Modelski. Izyador Rudolf Modelski. 

Mr. Russell. Where were you born ? 

General Modelski. I was born in Lwow, Poland, now under Russia. 

Mr. Russell. What is your present address ? 

General Modelski. Chevy Chase, Md. 

Mr. Russell. Were you at one time associated with the Polish 
Embassy ? 

General Modelski. I came here as a military and air attache. I was 
attached to the Polish Embassy here in Washington, D. C. 

Mr. Russell. When did you arrive in the United States? 

General Modelski. I came here the 29th of May, 1946. 

Mr. Russell. You were sent here by the Polish Government ? 

General Modelski. Yes ; I was sent by the Polish Government. 



2 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

Mr. Russell. Are you presently attached to tlie Polish Embassy ? 

General Modelski. No ; I denounced it. I sent a letter to Dr. Josef 
Winiewicz, Polish Ambassador. I informed him that I will not re- 
turn to Poland as long as they are under a Communist regime. 

Mr. EussELL. Before you came to the United States, what position 
did you hold ? 

General Modelski. I was Under Secretary of War during the last 
war in France and was in Great Britain with General Sikorski and 
Mikolajczyk. 

Mr. Russell. Had you ever held any other position in the Polish 
Government ? 

General Modelski. Yes; I was sent to Poland in July 1945 after 
our defeat and I was sent afterward, in October, as head of a military 
mission to London to get Polish military views abroad. 

Mr. Russell. Were you attached to the Polish Government at the 
time of the partition of Poland — when Poland was partitioned be- 
tween Russia and Germany ? 

General Modelski. In exile. Under Secretary of War. 

Mr. Russell. Do you recall the circumstances under which you 
became affiliated with the present Polish Government ? 

General Modelski. Yes; I was sliocked after Yalta and Teheran, 
when it was decided that three powers would secure Poland's inde- 
pendence and democratic way of life. Although I was shocked, I 
decided to return to Poland to help build a democratic government 
and help Mr. Mikolajczyk to do this job under those conditions under 
which Poland must live. Then, when I came to Poland, I saw that 
it was difficult to find any Poles. Many army officers I saw wore 
Polish uniforms, but they were Russians. They could speak Polish 
but they were really Russians. I have discussed this many times with 
Mikolajczyk. I understood very well that the Polish situation was 
very grave and that Russia desired only to rule the Polish people and 
that she was using criminal means to have them suppressed. I dis- 
cussed this many times with Mikolajczyk, as I told you before. 

Mr. WiiEELER. Before you left Poland for the United States, were 
you given any instructions as to the type of information the Polish 
Government desired concerning the United States ? 

General Modelski. I had spoken with many Communist officials and 
especially with Marshal Zymierski. They reviewed the situation in 
this way : Great Britain is going down. We must do all we can to 
see that Great Britain is eliminated from the world. Then we will 
stand face to face with the United States. Perhaps there is a possi- 
bility that the United States will agree upon the division of the world 
in two spheres. Afterward we will do all we can to make political 
changes in the United States. Russia and Poland will separate the 
United States from all other people and we will stand against the 
United States alone. Our victory is then sure. 

Mr. Wheeler. And the Polish Government is in support of Russia ? 

General Modelski. Exactly. They told me, especially General 
Zymierski, "You are a prominent general. Your name is known to 
the people in the United States. You have many friends; you are 
a friend of Paderewski. You are a friend of other great politicians 
in Poland. You are going to meet friends. You will have many op- 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 3 

portiinities to see Americans of Polish descent." Tliey told me what 
Col. Gustaw Alef-Bolkowiak had repeatedly stated — "that the position 
of the so-called 'new liberal movement' in tlie United States is very 
great and on firm gronnd. Your job is especially to work among 
Americans of Polish descent." I had spoken about that with my 
friends in Poland and especially with Slikolajczyk. He told me, 
"I understand, and I know that you will be there only as a human 
curtain to cover the activity of dol. Gustaw Alef-Bolkowiak. I am 
afraid," he told me, ""that you will not be in a position to prevent his 
doing spy work, because he will be your boss, although for outside 
appearances, you will be chief." 

Sir. Wheeler. In other words, j^our deputy, Colonel Alef , was head 
of espionage in the United States? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

JNIr. Wheeler. Although you were his superior ? 

General Modelski. I was his superior only to speak with other peo- 
ple of diplomatic circles, but I was ordered to collaborate with him. 
I spoke about that to Mikolajczyk and he told me, "You will go there 
as a human curtain ; nobody will suspect that you are doing anything 
under-handed." At first I did not Avant to go, and he afterward told 
me, "You are an experienced man. I don't know if you will succeed, 
and perhaps you will not lose face." 

Mr. Wheeler. AVhen you left Poland, did you receive written 
instructions to set up espionage units in the United States? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Russell. Before you left Poland, was there any discussion as 
to what contact you might have with the Communist Party in the 
United States? 

General Modelski. No. They only told me that I had such a great 
political position. They ordered me to approach Americans of Polish 
descent to obtain information. 

Mr. Russell. Did they discuss any Americans whom they felt might 
be sympathetic to communism ? 

General Modelski. No. They told me, "You are a prominent man. 
You are doing a great job for Poland. You must go among the Amer- 
ican Poles." And it was as Mikolajczyk told me — that he was con- 
vinced I would never get any instructions for espionage. But in 
March of 1946, as I was leaving for London, very late one night, 
someone knocked at my door, and I saw an officer in a Polish uniform 
who handed me an envelope which was addressed to me. I was very 
eager to look at it, and I opened it and saw that it contained instruc- 
tions to set up a spy ring in the United States. It had exact instruc- 
tions as to which way I was to do it. 

Mr. Wheeler. At this point, General Modelski, I have three docu- 
ments which I received from you on February 13, 1949, photostatic 
copies of the originals you now have in your possession. I would like 
for you to look at these documents and identify them. The first docu- 
ment is dated March 14, 1946, is written in Polish, and bears the sig- 
nature of Michal Zymierski, Marshal of Poland. 

Mr. Russell. General, would you say that these instructions were 
written in the Polish language, but with Russian phrases ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 



4 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

Mr. Russell. Reference is made to page 2 of the translation of this 
document, wherein General Modelski is advised to take advantage of : 

a. Polish American Labor Council, whose president, Leon Krzycki, is a member 
of the Socialist Party. 

b. Polonia Society, affiliated with the International Worl^ers Order, president, 
Boleslaw Gebert. 

c. "Kosciuszko League," with headquarters in Detroit, Michigan. 

d. American Slav Congress. 

General Modelski, did you ever contact any of the forementioned 
individuals or organizations ? 

General Modelski. No. 

Mr. Russell. In view of the fact that you were advised to contact 
the organizations and individuals, do you believe that they are sym- 
pathetic and cooperative toward the present Communist-dominated 
Polish Government? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Russell. Do you know Leon Krzycki ? 

General Modelski. No; but he was at one time president of the 
American Slav Congress, and may still be. 

Mr. Russell. Are you acquainted with Boleslaw Gebert? 

General Modelski. Yes. He was formerly in the United States, 
but is now a great, high-ranking officer in the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs in Poland. When he was decorated here in Washington, he 
was told publicly, "You are our great support. You gave us informa- 
tion of great importance." 

Mr. Russell. Mr. Chairman, the committee has additional informa- 
tion on Leon Krzycki and Boleslaw Gebert and the organizations men- 
tioned, but we would like to exclude our information from this report 
and include it in a hearing at a future date if it is satisfactory with 
the chairman. 

Mr. Wood. It is so ordered. 

Mr. Russell. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be introduced 
as Exhibit I. 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit I * 
Polish Army Secret 

(blurred) Command Copy No. 1. 

Staff (blurred) Division II 

No. 0334 
14 March 1946 

INSTRUOTIONS 
FOB THE MILITARY ATTACH^ AT THE EMBASSY OF THE POLISH REPUBLIC [E. P.] 

IN WASHINGTON 

1. To corroborate and observe the activity of Polish organizations in the 
United States. Through our "residents" to observe particularly Polish reactionary 
organizations, to determine their connection with similar circles in London, to 
corroborate their trails leading to Poland, such as ways of shuffling agents and 
saboteurs. 

2. With the aid of people devoted to the democratic idea, to maintain contact 
with Polish democratic organizations, to support their struggle against reaction, 
aiming at creating a democratic bloc of all Poles. Information and propaganda 



^ See appendix, pp. 53 and 54, for photostat of original document. Leon, Polish 
spelling for Leo. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 5 

activity should unmask tlie policy of the emigrant clique, in whose hands the 
[American ] Poles are objects of a political game against the Government of 
National Unity. A significant time for winqing the [American] Poles to our side 
is the commemoration of Tadeusz Kosciuszko. This year observes the 200th 
anniversary of the birth of the Polish and American hero. 

3. To observe the activity of such Polish organizations as the P. C. K. and 
various Welfare Funds. To define their relationship to Poland and to emigrant 
circles. To what end and by what means funds are distributed. 

4. To corroborate the intentions of the international organizations — UNRRA 
and YMCA — in relationship to Poland. 

5. To corroborate the relationship of the United States and various political 
groups to Polish organizations, democratic and reactionary. The extent and 
manner of support given by them to Polish reactionary activities. 

6. The connection of Polish reactionary organizations in the United States 
with the military clique of Anders, efliciency of, the information bureau of 
Matuszewski. 

7. To define and observe the relationship of American financiers to [American] 
Poles and the Nation. 

8. To arouse the public opinion of Americans and Poles against appeasement 
by American occupation authorities in Germany. A large percentage of the 
authorities are former German emigrants. Under their cover, the German press 
in the American Zone of Occupation is conducting a definite anti-Polish campaign. 

9. Taking as a basis the Note of the Polish Government under date of 14 Feb- 
ruary 1946, to conduct a campaign against creation by American authorities of 
Polish guard companies or other Polish military units. It must be emphasized 
particularly that it is intolerable that anyone in these units should wear insignia 
and merit badge distinctions of the Polish Army. 

10. To become assured of the ability to receive confidential political publica- 
tions, especially those published by [American] Poles. 

In order to obtain information relative to the above matters, to organize a 
suital)le information network in concentrations of emigrants and in the seats of 
Polish organizations. In the first order of importance, it is necessary to take 
advantage of the following democratic organizations : 

a. Polish American Jjabor Council, whose president, Leon Krzycki, is a 
member of the Socialist Party. 

b. Polonia Society, affiliated with the International Workers Order, presi- 
dent, Boleslaw Gebekt. 

c. "Kosciuszko League," with headquarters in Detroit, Michigan. 

d. American Slav Congress. 

The above-mentioned organizations do not exhaust the list of democratic or- 
ganizations which conform loyally to the Government of National Unity. In 
order to become fully enlightened on the activities of emigrant-reactionary circles, 
it is necessary to have our own informers in organizations such as : 

a. Polish National Association, which has contact with purged elements 
in Poland, 

b. Polish Roman Catholic Union. 

c. Other organizations which have the benefit of support from influential 
segments of the Polish colony in America. 

In order to infitrate influential American societies and to interest individual 
groups in the problem of Poland, it is necessary to take advantage of elements 
opposed to the President now holding office. To obtain extensive information, the 
Attach^ organizes a net work of "residents," delegating to them the responsi- 
bility of choosing agents. The Military Attach^ does not come in direct contract 
with the agents. 
19,111,1946. 

Minister of National Defense, 
MiCHAL Zymierski, Marshal of Poland. 
In 2 copies 

Copy #1 — addressee 

#2— a/a 
Drawn up 13, 3, 46 
K. S. 

Mr. Whefxer. The second document that General Modelski turned 
over to the Committee is dated March 14, 1946. Would you explain 
this document to the Committee ? 



6 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

General Modelski, That is the document which concerned activities 
in the Western Hemisphere. From that you see the Military Attache 
in Washington was intended to be a supervisor of activity in America, 
Mexico, Canada, and Brazil. The last phrase states exactly that I am 
obliged to collaborate with my deputy and he must be informed of my 
work here, and that, in my absence, he must do this work. 

Mr. Wheeler. V/hose signature appears on this document? 

General Modelski. Michal Zymierski, Marshal of Poland. 

Mr. Wheeler. General Modelski, did you ever visit Canada, Mexi- 
co, or Brazil and assist in setting up espionage units in those countries ? 

General Modelski. No; but Colonel Alef visited Mexico on three 
occasions and also visited Canada. 

Mr. Wheeler. The espionage units in Mexico and Canada were con- 
trolled by Colonel Alef ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr^ Wheeler. How about the other countries in the Western Hem- 
isphere ? 

General Modelski. He later told me that he had connections in 
South America. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I request that this document be en- 
tered into the record as Exhibit 2. 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 2 ' 
Polish Army Secret 

Chief Command Copy No. 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 0333 
14 March 1946 

INSTRUCTIONS 

ON THE SCOPE AND RANGE OF ACTIVITIES OF THE MILITAEY ATTACH^ ASSIGNED TO THE 

POLISH EMBASSY IN WASHINGTON 

1. The Military Attach^ assigned to the Polish Embassy in Washington is under 
the Ambassador of Poland in matters of reiiresentation and political appearances. 
The Military Attach^ advises the Ambassador of Poland in military matters. 

2. The Military Attache directs the complex of activities connected with 
military representation in the United States. Through his first deputy, he makes 
preparations for establishing contact with Canada, Argentina, and Brazil — coun- 
tries to which Military Attaches will be sent. 

8. The Military Attache facilitates direct communication between the offices of 
Attaches of the respective nations of North and South America with the home- 
land. On assignments via courier, he sees to it that no use is made of the 
resources of foreign diplomatic missions. 

4. Through the first deputy, the Military Attach^ does the following : 
— supervises the work of the Military Attach^ in Mexico; 

— supplies that office with required materials from the homeland ; 
— -collects and transmits the correspondence of that office. 

5. All diplomatic missions delegated to North and South America will travel 
through Washington when reporting to their posts. The Attach^ himself : 

— will establish contact with the Military Attach^ assigned to these missions ; 
Through his deputy : 

— he will give tactical instructions to the respective Attaches, based on ex- 
perience gained in the preparatory work done in these countries prior to 
setting up the offices of the Attaches ; 
— he will decide on the method of supervising the work ; 
— he will decide on the method of correspondence. 



" See appendix, p. 55, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 7 

6. The Military Attache in Washington will cooperate as closely as possible 
with the first deputy, so that the deputy cau take his place in case of the Attache's 
absence. 
14 HI 1946. 

Minister of National Defense, 
MicHAL Zymiekski, Marshal of 
Poland. 
Reproduced in 2 copies 
Copy No. 1 — addressee 
Copy No. 2— file 
Drawn up 13 III 1946 
A. L. 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated March 22, 1946. It con- 
sists of seven pages in Polish, and pertains to instructions to General 
Modelski and bears the signature of Colonel Koniar. Will you please 
look at this document, General Modelski, and tell us if it is a photo- 
static copy of the original which you turned over to the committee on 
February 13, 1949? 

General Modelski. Yes. That is detailed instructions on what fields 
are to be covered, and which way the spy network must be set up. 
Colonel Komar is now a general. 

Mr. Wheeler. When did you first meet General Komar? 

General Modelski. In 1945. When I first met Komar, it seemed to 
me that there was something strange. Although he spoke to me very 
fluently in Polish I understood that he is not a Pole, but a colonel in 
the Russian Army. I was very interested. 

Mr. Wheeler. When did you actually find out he was a colonel in 
the Russian Army ? 

General Modelski. He was chief political boss during the war in 
Spain. He was political boss over General Swierczewski. 

Mr. Wheeler. This General Komar participated in the Interna- 
tional Brigade in the Spanish War ? 

General Modelski. Yes; and he was a political boss, a political 
advisor. He was a political advisor and did a real job. 

Mr. Wheeler. Is there anything further about Colonel Komar? 

General Modelski. He was a political boss. Nobody knew him in 
Poland. That is not his real name, his name is Weinberg or a similar- 
sounding name. There is one phrase in this document that is a Russian 
translation : 

Experience shows that some of our official representatives organized intelli- 
gence work without sutfioient thought and did not give enough serious thought 
to the problem of recruiting, arranging meetings, etc. 

Mr. Wheeler. Would you say that Komar, whom you have iden- 
tified as an officer in the Russian Army, is directly responsible for 
setting up espionage networks ? In other words, you feel he is head 
of the entire Polish espionage units throughout the United States? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. The point I want to make is that a citizen of Russia 
is in charge of espionage for the Polish Government ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be entered 
into the record as Exhibit 3. 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 



8 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

Exhibit 3 ' 
Polish Aemy Top Secret 

Chief Command Copy No. 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 0382 
22 March 1946 

INSTRUCTIONS (DETAILED) 
FOR THE MILITARY ATTACH]6 AT THE POLISH EMBASSY IN WASHINGTON 

These instructions (detailed), issued to the Military Attache in the United 
States, contain directions for intelligence work and indicate the basic matters 
on which information should be given to Division II of the General Staff of 
the Polish Army. It also indicates some of the methods and procedures to be 
used in carrying on intelligence work. The methods and procedures for the 
activities of the Military Attache will depend on conditions under which the 
work is done, on the internal situation of the country, and on the personal 
qualifications of the agent. 

INSIDE THE USA 

Armed Strength of the United States 

A. Aviation 

1. Total number of aii'craft formations and their distribution ; combat and 
numerical strength of the units (manpower and equipment) : 

a. according to statute 

b. actual status 

2. Types of planes remaining in combat units and their characteristics — (a) 
in construction, (b) in combat. Number of planes in the first and second lines 
of defense. 

3. Potentialities for development of aircraft units — (a) manpower, (b) pro- 
duction of aircraft equipment. Quantities and destination of exports of aircraft. 

4. Distribution of base and alternate airfields, their technical equipment and 
characteristics. 

5. The method of qualifying personnel and aviation schools, the curriculum 
and period of study. 

6. Civilian aviation. 

7. New types of planes. 

8. New technical inventions in the aviation field, in detail, whether applicable 
in the air or on the ground ; technical data ; extent of the application of radar ; 
radio direction from the ground of robot planes either singly or in squadrons. 

9. Combat manuals and joint operation between aviation and other branches 
of service. 

B. Ground Troops 

1. Infantry. — Numerical strength, distribution, organization, combat manuals, 
firing power, training status, morale, combat status, officers' staff. The role and 
significance of the infantry in the total armed forces. Is there a trend to 
increase this role and the numerical strength of the infantry, or the opposite, 
or to maintain the status quo ? 

2. Artillerij and armored troops. — Organization, distribution, training status, 
combat manuals, equipment (technical and combat data, characteristics, etc.). 
Extent of production and application of "V-1" and "V-2." The role and signif- 
icance of the artillery and armored troops in the armed forces as a whole. Is 
there a tendency to give greater weight and significance to this branch as com- 
pared to others, to do the opposite, or to maintain the status quo? 

3. Engineer troops and signal corps. — Organization, training status, technical 
equipment, characteristics of equipment. Is there a tendency to increase or de- 
crease the role and numbers of these troops in the armed forces as a whole? 

4. Medical Service. — Organization, new methods, etc. 

C. Navy 

1. General description of the naval fleet (surface and subsurface). 

2. Tonnage of the fleet for the current year. Losses sustained during the war. 



8 See appendix, pp. 56-62, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl y 

3. Number of combat units according to categories— displacement, name, and 
class of ships. 

4. Organization of naval units. 

5. Principal naval bases and description. 

6. Shipyards — technical equipment, number of docks, their capacity. 

7. Plans for the construction of new naval units. 

D. Chemical Units 

1. Organization and distribution of chemical units. 

2. Types of equipment used and concealed combat characteristics. 

3. New inventions in chemical warfare, their characteristics and influence on 
war of the future. 

E. Training outside the military organization 

1. Military training in schools and other institutions. Curriculum, weight 
given to military training in the general curriculum of the school. 

2. Youth organizations of military character ; age and number of members. 

F. Territorial Army 

1. Methods of recruiting according to status, age, length of service. 

2. Distribution and size of units. 

3. Equipment and level of combat training. 

Organisation and Administration 

1. Political organization (national authorities). 

2. Chief legislative and executive body. 

3. Election laws. 

4. Divisions of administration. 

5. Number of members in the House of Representatives and in the Senate. 

6. Jurisdiction of the Secretary of State, the Supreme Court, and Congress. 

7. Relation of various population groups to the national government. 

8. Names of the most important officials in government service. 

9. Political rights of the people. 

Domestic Situation 

1. Laws governing the life of citizens. 

2. Reaction of people to legislation. 

3. Sentiment and political views of various population groups. 

4. Commerce, monetary system, speculation. 

5. Market and commercial prices. 

6. Strikes, demonstrations, accidents, and the reaction of the government. 

7. Political parties, political contests, influence of political parties on the 
people. 

Economic condition 

1. Natui-al resources, stockpiles, annual extraction, location of natural re- 
sources. 

2. Raw materials of military significance. 

3. Development of various branches of industry and yearly production. 

4. Agriculture, arable land, yield, total farm income, distribution of land, 

5. Annual national budget and its subdivision. 

Industry 

1. Principal branches of industry, especially war industry, total production of 
various enterprises and branches of industry. 

2. Location of industry, especially war industry. 

3. Role of public and private capital in the various branches of industry. 

4. Status of various firms and associations (trusts, cartels), their productive 
capacity, type of production, number of employed. 

5. Role of foreign capital in industry — name of firm, size, branches of enter- 
prise. 

6. Construction of new industrial plants (especially war plants). 

7. Technical innovations in industry. 

8. Work of engineers, research institutions, and laboratories. i 



10 DOCUIVIENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

Loans 

1. Announcements of national borrowing, purpose, terms, period, and amount. 

2. Method of selling bonds to public. 

3. Reaction of public to announcements of government borrowing. 

4. Lotteries. 

Level of civilization, lial)lts, and customs 

1. Average literacy. Educational system. Schools, size of attendance. 

2. Publications. Political views in literature, music, and films. 

3. Standard of living. 

4. Social conventions in private life and public places. 

5. Creeds, marriage contracts, divorces. Family life and the jurisdiction of 
courts over the family. 

Freedom of movement within the country 

1. Regulations and laws governing movements within the country (especially 
near the borders) . 

2. Documents needed for travel inside the country and for crossing the border. 

3. Method of acquiring documents for travel (e. g., tickets) and their cost. 

4. Supervision of railway authorities and of shipping organizations. Pas- 
senger routes on principal lines. 

5. Baggage checking facilities, porters, restaurants, hotels. Customary pro- 
cedures. 

6. Customary procedure in use of mails, telegraph, telephone, etc. 

Conditions for residence of foreigners 

, 1. Total number of foreigners. 

2. Sentiment and behavior of authorities in relation to foreigners, their po- 
litical rights. Occupations engaged in most frequently by foreigners. 

3. Relationship of authorities and public to particular nationalities. 

4. Documents of personal nature and those authorizing residence. Method of 
obtaining them. 

5. Possibilities of assuring living quarters and employment for foreigners. 

6. Method of obtaining entrance and exit visas for foreigners. 

Opportunities for settifng up enterprises, stores, workshops, etc. 

1. Opportunities and procedures for setting up the above-mentioned businesses 
for citizens and foreigners. 

Radio subscriptions 

1. Conditions for acquiring and using radio equipment. 

2. Number of radio subscribers, methods and tei-ms of registration, conditions 
for reception and broadcasting over one's own equipment. 

3. Number of radio schools, duration of courses, vocations eligible for train- 
ing. Entrance requirements for citizens and foreigners. 

FOREIGN POLICY 

1. Trends in international politics and views of individual politicians. 
• 2. International agreements (open and secret) of a political, military, and 
economic nature. 

3. Public interest among specific groups in foreign policy. 

4. Influence exerted by or on the foreign policy of other nations. (England, 
USSR, etc.) 

5. Colonial policy. 

6. Certification of representatives of foreign missions, press conferences. 

7. Credits of economic or military significance extended to other nations — 
amount, duration, and terms of repayment. 

FORMATION OF RESIDENCIES 

In setting up the information network, it is important to see that the network 
is composed of separate residencies, not connected with one another, each with 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl H 

its own informers. Particular care must be given to the selection of residents 
and to the creation of an orKanization tl^at will be mobile, active, and have the 
opportunity of supplying the required information, in accordance with the as- 
signment received. 

The details ot organizing information posts sliould be delegated to the resi- 
dents. Tliere should he a mininniui number of re.sidf ncies and the information 
network sliould not he extended at the expense of the number of inrormers. 
Over-extension of the informjition network may lead to tlie disclosure of its 
existence and to a reduction of its flexibility. 

For intelligence work, one should engage people in high places with wide 
social connections, who can deliver intelligence material. 

The selection of a resident should be preceded by a thorough and extensive 
investigation of his activities, social position, political convictions, as well as 
the positive and negative traits of his character. 

Investigation of the individual may he carried out in the following manner: 

(a) by personal observation in the coarse of contacts on ofQcial business 
and in casual social meetings ; 

(b) by becoming acquainted with the general opinion of him in his en- 
vironment and with his political activities. 

Residencies should be s(^t up in accordance with the purpose and the assign- 
ment laid down bef(uehaud. 

One should not engage for intelligence work people whom one meets casually 
and does not investigate properly. 

Haste in recruiting may lead to unfortunate results. It is necessary to remem- 
ber that the success of intelligence work depends on the selection of staffs. 

OKGANIZATION OF THE SYSTEM OF COMMUNICATION 

1. Communications within the residencies are maintained only from the top 
downward. Each member of a residency knows only his immediate supervisor 
or the individual with whom he has contacts in his work (liaison man, boss of 
the secret local) depending on conditions. 

Horiz jntal communications between various informers or members of residen- 
cies are forbidden. The resident directs the work of his post by : 
— personal contact 
— liaison men 
— post office box 
Selection of the method of maintaining contacts in each individual case will 
depend on the character of the agent and local conditions. 

Tiie resident muat avoid frequent meetings with informers if there is no asso- 
ciation in service or through personal friendship. 

2. Contacts of the MUitaiij Attache tcith Residents. — The Military Attache 
directs the work of the residents by meeting them in person or by contacts through 
trusted persons. The other members of the residency should not know their 
"boss" (Attache). 

The Military Attache should avoid frequent meetings with the residents in 
public places and on occasions which have nothing to do with the official ap- 
pearances of the Military Attache. Meetings in places at which the Military 
Attache does not appear on olScial business should be delegated to trusted per- 
sons after working out the details of the meeting beforehand. Special care must 
be taken in the selection of the place for the meeting and in determining the pass- 
word. The meeting should be adapted to local conditions. Rash meetings, not 
carefully worked out, must not be permitted. 

COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE 

The diplomatic passport and conditions surrounding the official presence of 
the Militai'y Attache facilitate in part the conduct of the intelligence work and 
create a certain 'ceiling" for unofiicial intelligence activity. However, it is 
necessary to remember that the Attache will find himself under the constant and 
close oliservation of the counter-intelligence and of the reactionary circles of the 
Polish emigration (formerly, the agency of the London regime). Therefore, 
the Attach^ should control his activity in accordance with intelligence instruc- 
tions. Persons who are not associated with the intelligence work should have no 
knowledge of the work, either directly or indirectly. 

Special care must be given in drawing peojile into the intelligence service. The 
final offer of a position should be made only after a thorough check on the 



12 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

given individual and after a trial period during which he should be given isolated 
assignments which are not of an intelligence nature. 

Experience shows that some of our official representatives organized intelligence 
work without sufficient thought and did not give enough serious thought to the 
problem of recruiting, arranging meetings, etc. They made disclosures of their 
activities to members of the diplomatic service who have no relationship to our 
work and the results of these activities became known to undesirable persons. 

Such a worker is disgraced and should leave his diplomatic post. Therefore, the 
Attach^ should take up his activities fi'om the point of view of the counter-intelli- 
gence ; with this as a point of departure, he should lay out his plan of action. He 
must constantly give instructions and supervise the activities of those whom he 
has entrusted with the execution of tactical assignments. Only a constant check 
on his own activities and on the activities of persons entrusted to him will enable 
the Military Attach^ to conduct intelligence work well without compromising his 
position. 

(Signature.) 
Duplicated in 3 copies 

Copy No. 1 — addressee 

Copy No. 2 — Archives 

Copy No. 3— file 

22 III 1946 

I. B. No. 52 

Mr. Russell. The next document which you turned over to the com- 
mittee is dated June 27, 1946. This document is signed by W. Komar, 
Chief of the Second Division of the General Staff of the Polish Army, 
It pertains to General Bor Komorowski. On page 2 of this document is 
a statement as follows : 

Attached to the present mail are two decorations, which please transmit to 
Major Klonowski. These are two crosses granted to two Mexican citizens — 
Citizen Sylvestre Ortiz and Citizen Nestor Sanhez Pernandes — for their work and 
service rendered in the Brigade dedicated to J. Dabrowski during the war in 
Spain. Major Klonowski must decorate both Mexicans on the occasion of the 
nearest national holiday. 

General Modelski. Major Klonowski was military attache in Mex- 
ico. Afterwards he was recalled on the demand of Colonel Alef . 

Mr. Russell. This document also refers to a list of American officers 
who were suggested as being proper recipients of Polish decorations. 
The suggestion was made to Colonel Alef by Citizen Kmiecik. "Wlio is 
he? 

General Modelski. That man, in my opinion, was living in Pitts- 
burgh; that decoration was perhaps for over 20 officers. They were 
presented by Colonel Alef. 

Mr. Russell. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be introduced 
into the record as Exhibit 4. 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 4* 
Polish Army SECREn" 

Chief Command Copy No. — 

General Staff Division II 

No. 035/11 
A— June 27, 1946 

MILITAT ATTACH^; AT THE EMBASST OF THE POLISH REPUBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. MODELSKI 

1. The Matter of Bor Kombrowski's Stay in the United States. 

On the basis of the first concrete information concerning Bor's stay in the 
United States, the Minister of Foreign Affairs addressed to the Embassy of the 
United States a sharp protest against the conduct of those official persons in 



* See appendix, pp. 63 and 64, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 13 

the United States who began, more and more dearly, to give to that stay an 
official character. Up to the present time, the government of the United States 
neither reacted to our note nor caused its officials to change their attitude to- 
wards Bor. Evidence that Bor is still treated as a "Chief Leader" and official 
representative of an unrecognized and unrepresented group of emigrants is, 
among other things, the fact that he was received by General Eisenhower, to 
say nothing about all his activities conducted with the support of the Polish 
National Alliance between May 3 and the present time. 

From other information received, it is known to me that the military group 
of emigrants intends also to obtain opinion and recognition for its intentions in 
some countries of South America. 

The general purpose of tliis action by Bor, it seems, is the desire to maintain 
intact military units outside of tlie sphere of influence and observation of the 
country — as well as to maintain a dynamic reactionary force. 

This action did not meet, up to the present time, any serious difficulties. On 
the contrary, the statement of Senator Thomas, Chairman of tlie Senate Military 
Committee, shows that the (luestion of the taking over by American Command of 
Polish units in Eastern Europe may become a fact. We must oppose this action 
with full energy. The following means are at the disposal of the General: 

a. To request clarification and explanation from the War Department of the 
capacity in which the above-mentioned military officials accept Bor — that is, 
to request information as to what official conversations were conducted with 
Bor and the extent to which the War Department is engaged in the plan of 
Bor concerning the submission of the Polish Armed Forces to the American 
Command. Such a request is completely justified if one takes into consideration 
those Poles who are in the service in Polish units, a large percentage of whom 
are in the draft age. 

b. To estal)lish direct and indirect contacts with those members of the Con- 
gress and Senate who are opposed to the idea of taking the Polish units under 
the American Command, supporting and supplementing them in their actions in 
this subject matter. 

c. In cooperation with the Press Attach^ of the Embassy, to publish articles 
in the Polish-American press describing Bor in a true light on the basis of: 

— Warsaw Rebellion, 

— the activities of N. S. Z. in Poland, and the contacts of military com- 
manders with them, 
— accomplished breaking up of the unity of the Polish nation. 

2. The next problem of basic importance is the matter of an American loan 
for our government. 

Although this is not a matter in your immediate sphere, nevertheless, the 
weight of your authority as concerns rank, function, and dignity of oftice is of 
no lesser importance than the professional activities of specialists. Therefore, 
I would suggest that you add your reports to the reports of other persons who 
are working primarily in that field. Conversations on tlie subject of a loan 
were recently renewed. In order to have this loan financed and obtained on the 
best terms, it is necessary to prepare properly the American public opinion but 
above all, the circles interested in the loan — that is. military, industrial, and 
financial circles. In this sphere, I ask you to pay attention to the importance 
of personal activities in the circles concerned. In this action, it is necessary, 
using the cooperation of tlie Press Attache, to use concrete material which is 
to be found at his disposal. 

3. Among all problems belonging to the sphere of work of the Military Attach^ 
in the United States, I request that you pay attention to tlie importance of the 
pi-oblems connected with American industry. The problems which are of basic 
Importance for us are specified in the instructions. 

4. Attached to the present mail are two decorations, which please transmit 
to Major Klonowski. These are two crosses granted to two Mexican citizens — 
Citizen Sylvestre Ortiz and Citizen Nestor Sanhez Fernandes — for their work 
and service rendered in the Brigade dedicated to .7. Dabrowski during the war 
in Spain. Major Klonowski must decorate both Mexicans on the occasion of 
the nearest national holiday. 

5. Concerning the list of American officers (sent by Colonel Alef) proposed 
by Citizen Kmiecik for Polish decorations, I advise you that this li«t is taken 
under consideration for proper action. 

6. An additional person to work in the office of the Attach(5 is already appointed 
and will be at your service within a short time. This is Major Kierys, who 
knows very well the English language and the United States. 



14 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

7. Colonel Alef submitted a petition for sending to the Attache a set of decora- 
tions and medals for propaganda purposes. Because up to the present time not 
all the decorations are available, I will wait until a complete set is available 
and will then send it. 

Chief of the Second Division of the 
General Staff of the Polish Aemy. 
(S) Waclkw, 
Typed in 3 copies W. Komar, Colonel. 

Copy No. 1 — to the addressee 
" 2— a/areh. 
" 3— a/a (for files) 
Sporz. K. E. 
24.6.46 r. 
Druk. B. I. 
Nr. Dz. 26. 

Mr. EussELL. The next document which j^on turned over to the com- 
mittee is dated August 13, 194G, and is signed by W. Komar, colonel^ 
and is marked "Secret." This document pertains to the analysis of the-, 
problem of Polish immigration in the individual countries of Eurone 
and outside of Europe, and requests that certain information be- 
obtained regarding Polish immigration. The request designated as 
No. 8 in this document suggests the possibility of using the immigrants, 
for political and intelligence purposes. 

General Modelski. It is a correlation of instructions. 

Mr. Russell. Who was to obtain that kind of information? Were- 
you instructed to ? 

General Modelski. Yes; that is the instruction for me to get infor- 
mation but I never did it. I didn't do anything they asked me to, that 
is to spy, dealing with intelligence information among Americans of 
Polish descent. 

Mr. Russell. This would have been a full-time job for about 10 men ? 

General Modelski. Yes; they thought America was standing on the 
brink of depression ; that it was going down ; it was weak. 

Mr. Russell. Request No. 9, pertaining to outstanding personalities.. 
Where would such a card file be maintained, in the Polish Embassy ? 

General Modelski. That is not Polish. That is for the purpose of 
spying and to get information for political action here. Main in- 
structions. 

Mr. Russell. In other words, this document shows the extent to< 
which the Polish Government would go to secure sympathizers for 
the present regime and recruit possible espionage agents. 

I ask that this document be introduced into the record as Exhibit 
No. 5. 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 5 " 
Polish Akmy Secret 

Chief Command Copy No. 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 0219/11 
August 13, 1946. 

military attach^ At the embassy of the polish republic in WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. MODEILSKI 

For the purpose of analysis of the problem of Polish emigration in the indi- 
vidual countries of Europe and outside of Europe, we need to obtain the necessary- 
material according to the following scheme : 

1. Total number of emmigrants, being sub-divided into : 
a. emmigration before 1939 ; 

• See appenflix, p. 65, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 15 

I), emigration after 1939; 

c. influence of the new eniisration on the old; 

d. number of Poles (Polish citizens) ; 

number of Poles, citizens of a given country who feel that they belong 

to the Polish nation ; 
number of Poles assimilated. 

2. Social standing : 

a. country-side (farmers, farm hands) ; 

b. industry ; 

c. commerce ; 

d. free professions ; 

earnings, standard of life, relationship between the social groups. 

3. Kelationship of the immigration with the government of a given country and 
local society, including the treatment of the immigration by the government and 
society. 

4. Political organizations: Program, number of members, relations to other 
parlies and to the Government of National Unity. 

5. Organizations : Professional, social, cultural— their attitude to the Govern- 
ment of National Unity. 

6. Distribution (where larger groups are to be found), local and general im- 
portance in a given country. 

7. Survey of groups, organizations and individuals : 

a. cooperating with the Government of National Unity; 

b. sympatliizers ; 

c. inimical. 

8. The possiljility of using the immigration (immigrants) for: 
— political purposes, 

— intelligence purposes. 

9. Card file of the outstanding personalities. 

Chief of the Second Division of the 
General Staff of the Polish Army, 
W. KoMAR, Colonel. 
Typed in 10 copies 

Copy No. 1 — dawg.rozdz. 
Copy No. 10 — a/a (for tiles) 
Sporz.K.E.10.8.46 r. 
Druk.B.I.Nr.dz.21. 

Mr. Russell. The next document is marked "Top secret," addressed 
to General Modelski and is signed by Komar, dated August 22, 1946. 
The document refers to the awarding of a banner from the Polish 
armed forces to West Point. The purpose is establishment of per- 
sonal contacts and closer connections between the Army and the 
Polish armed forces. Do you think that the awarding of this banner 
to West Point was for the purpose of establishing closer contacts be- 
tween the United States Army and Polish armed forces? 

General Modelski. No. General Swierczewski, who was former 
commander of the International Brigade, was to make the presenta- 
tion of the banner. What they wanted was to get an official invited 
to West Point. 

Mr. Russell. In other words, you do not believe the Polish Govern- 
ment was sincere in awarding this banner to West Point ? 

General Modelski. No. 

Mr. Russell. Was this banner ever awarded ? 

General Modelski. No ; I prevented it. 

Mr. Russell. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be intro- 
duced into the record as Exhibit 6. 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 



89349 — 49- 



16 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

Exhibit 6 " 

Subject to return to the Code Division within 48 hours 

Top Secret 
Making of any copies forbidden 
Copy No. — 

Coded Message No. 400 

from Warsaw sent August 22, 1946, received August 22, 1946. Taken by the Code 
Division August 22, 1946, 1500 hours (3 o'clock) 

GEN. MODELSKI 

We have advised Pashley that the Chief Command of the Polish Army wants 
to send one of the higher Generals in order to deliver a Kosciuszko banner from 
the Polish Armed Forces to West Point. The purpose is establishment of per- 
sonal contacts and closer connections between the Army and the Polish Armed 
Forces. 

Colonel Pashley makes contact with Washington in this matter. Will await 
answer. 

If you can, send the answer through the proper channel. We are interested 
in having the General depart in the beginning of September. 

KOMAR. 

Nr. 4252 

22.8.46r 

Decoded August 22, 1946, at 15.35. 

Decoded by Broz. 

Mr. Russell. General Modelski, here is another document which 
you turned over to the committee dated August 26, signed by Komar, 
marked "Secret." This document refers to a report which you ap- 
parently made concerning social and political problems in the Philip- 
pine Islands. 

General Modelski. In June 1946, I was suddenly appointed Polish 
Ambassador to the Philippines to take part in the Day of Independ- 
ence. After my return, I wrote a report about what I had seen and 
afterwards I mentioned that there will be Communists fighting. 
Then I was blamed for using the word "Communist"; that they are 
not Communists. 

Mr. Russell. The Polish Government objected to the use of the 
word "Communist"; they wanted them characterized as guerillas 
being interested in the liberation of the Philippines? 

General Modelski. Yes. They did not accept my report. 

Mr. Russell. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be intro- 
duced into the record as Exhibit 7. 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 7 ' 
Polish Army Secret 

Chief Command Copy No. 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 0262/11 
August 26, 1946 

military attach^ at the embassy of the polish republic in WASHINGTON, 

GEN. modelski 

1. Social and political problems of the Philippines are treated in your report 
veiy superficially. 

Material available to us from other sources would indicate rather that the 
independence of the Philippines, although declared officially on July 28 of this 



* See appendix, p. 66, for photostat of original document. 
' See appendix, p. 67, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 17 

year by the United States, is essentially very problematical, even totally ficti- 
tious, which otherwise would follow also, in a sense, from your report, where 
you write that the country is essentially rich by natural resources but the popu- 
lation, nevertheless, is poor and works hard. 

As far as the "Guerilla" evaluation goes, it must be characterized as a move- 
ment for liberation of colonial people. 

Because we have in a sense precise information, we ask you to give a deeper 
and more objective analysis of this situation in that country, with a detailed 
description of how the bulk of the people feel and think. 

2. In the matter of paying tribute to Captain Sattgasta of the United States 
Ai-my, we reached an agreement with the Ministry of Culture and Art. This 
Ministry assigned the matter to the Chief Administrator ol' Museums and Pro- 
tection of Monuments for positive action. 

3. Tour nomination for an Air Attache and that by Colonel Alef for a Deputy 
remain suspended and will be decided, as well as the matter of an Air Mechanic 
in accordance with your wishes. 

4. In answer to the inquiry by Colonel Alef, we advise you that field mail 
70603-D was changed to "No. 2607 Brzeg. Slask," and to this address the letters 
may be sent. On the other hand, the unit 31899 is dissolved. If the detailed 
data concerning persons were known (surname, name, date, and month of birth, 
date of mobilization) to whom the correspondence of American citizens was 
addressed, an attempt could be made to find them in Poland and to report their 
addresses to persons who are interested in the United States. 

5. Changes of the Generals' caps are not established. 

6. Copy of the book by Strumpf-Wojtowicz will be sent. 

Chief of the Second Division of the 
General Staff of the Polish Army, 
(Signature) W. Komak, Colonel. 

Mr. Russell. The next document is dated September 11, 1946, from 
Warsaw, and is signed by S. Zymierski, Marshal of Poland. It is 
addressed to General Modelski, at the Embassy of the Polish Republic 
in Washington, D. C. It states that he has — 

commissioned General of the Army Karol Swierczewski, the Second Deputy Min- 
ister of the National Defense, to conduct an inspection of the work of your office 
up to the present time. In this connection, you are ordered hereby to conform 
with tlie instructions and advices of General of the Army Karol Swierczewski. 

What did he advise you. General ? 

General Modelski. He told me that I did not understand the poli- 
tics in the United States and of new Poland. He read my reports and 
made remarks and told me, "You may be back to a new Poland because 
you don't understand the IJnited States." 

Mr. Russell. Did he give you any instructions ? 

General Modei^ki. Yes ; he wanted me to obtain information about 
the whole United States military forces. 

Mr. Russell. The location of military units ? 

General Modelski. Yes, and schools ; military schools. He wanted 
to get all this. 

Mr. Russell. It was more or less a repetition of your basic instruc- 
tions received before you left Moscow ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Russell. Who is this Gen. Karol Swierczewski ? 

General Modelski. He was formerly commanding general of the 
International Brigade in Spain. 

Mr. Russell. Was he a native Pole or a Russian ? 

General Modelski. He was born in Poland. He left there perhaps 
in 1920, and stayed in Russia up to the outbreak of the war. He came 
here once to give the banner to West Point and to take part in the 
Slav Congress. 



18 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 

Mr. Russell. What was the purpose of the inspection ? 

General Modelski- To teach me that I don't understand the aims 
of American policy. 

Mr. Russell. Did he criticize the fact ? 

General Modelski. Yes ; and he was in very good connection with 
my deputy, Colonel Alef , and always they were together. 

Mr. Russell. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be intro- 
duced into the record and marked "Exhibit 8." 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 8 * 

Warsaw, September 11, 19J,G. 
Polish Army 
Chief Command 
Number 0230/11 

military ATTACHK at the embassy of the polish republic in WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. MODELSKI 

I haA'e commissioned General of tlie Army Karol Swierczewski, the Second 
Deputy Minister of National Defense, to conduct an inspection of the work of 
your office up to the present time. 

In this connection, you are ordered hereby to conform with the Instructions 
and advices of General of the Army Karol Swierczewski. 

[Seal of the Ministry of Mi^jister of National Defense, 

National Defense] (S) Zymierski 

MicHAL Zymierski, 
Marshal of Poland. 

General Modelski. And General Swierczewski wanted to compel 
me to go with him to meet Americans of Polish descent. I was obliged 
to follow his order but refused. 

ISIr, Russell. Did General Zymierski order you to return to Poland 
after the inspection? 

General Modelski. No. He told me Warsaw was afraid. If they 
will tell me exactly to return that I will refuse. 

Mr. Russell. The next document is dated December 30, 1946, 
marked "Secret" and signed by Mar j an Spychalski. He signed this 
docinnent as Major General. It indicated that he is of the opinion 
that the environment in the United States is beginning to have an 
influence on you. 

General Modelski. That is a reproach perhaps for me. 

Mr. Russell. This document draws your attention to the fact that 
your task is to show the development of military life in the United 
States ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mi\ Russell. This document also criticizes your trip to the Philip- 
pine Islands? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

I\ir, Russell. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be introduced 
into the record as Exhibit 9. 

Mr. Wood. Without objection, so ordered. 

* See appendix, p. 68, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



19 



Exhibit 9 ' 



Polish Army 
Chief Command 

U P. 0713/11 



Warsaw, Decemher 30, 1946. 

Secret 
Copy No. - 



MILITARY ATTACH^ AT THE EMBASSY OF THE POLISH REPUBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. MODELSKI 

Upon evaluation of your reports thus far received, I must state that they are 
chaotic and of little value, both from the point of the contents and the 
presentation. 

The method of thematic treatment of the problems touched upon in your reports 
shows that you are under the influence of your environment and lose to a consider- 
able degree the feeling of the objective and the materialistic evaluation of the 
situation and the intentions of the American policy. 

It would be, from all points of view, a desirable thing that you analyze the 
events, coming down to their source and evaluating them quietly, critically, and 
free from the thinking habits of the large capitalistic world. Then your mate- 
rial would throw for us a ti-ue light on the problems which interest us. 

Your work must be based on the many-sided collection of data and information, 
independently from the sources of the American Poles concerning the entire mili- 
tary, economic and political life of the United States. 

Your reports must be permeated with objectives and must contain essential 
information and reliable data. 

I draw your attention to the fact that your primary task is to follow the develop- 
ment of the militax\v life of the United States, keeping in the first place an eye on 
the affairs connected with training, organization, and armament of the units of 
the forces, especially of the Federal militia. 

To these matters you should direct the attention and the main weight of the 
work of the oflSce of the Attach^. 

As to the rest, your travel to the Philippines was completely unfounded. In 
the future, I dii-ect you to settle in advance with me any travel of a diplomatic 
representative character. 

Major General, Deputy Commander in Chief of the Polish Army 
Charged with Political-Educational Matters. 

(S) Marjan Spychalski 

Marjan Spychalski, Engr. 

Typed in 2 copies 

Copy No. 1 — to the addressee 

" 2— a/a (for files) 
Sporz. J. K. 14.12.4() r. 
Druk. B. I. Nr. dz. 13, 

Mr. Wheeler. General Modelski, the next docnment is dated Febru- 
ary 24, 1947, from the Polish Army to General Modelski, in Washing- 
ton, D. C., signed by Komar, Brigadier General. The document states : 

I ask you to send a general list of your informers indicating : 

1. Name and surname of the informer. 

2. Age. 

3. Precise address. 

4. Method of contact with him. 

5. His previous work. 

6. Remuneration. 

7. Opinion. 



» See appendix, pp. 69 and 70, for photostat of original document. 



20 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

It further states : 

Upon reading, must be destroyed. 

General Modelski, will you identify this document and explain it to 
the committee? 

General Modelski. It is evidence of spying. They wanted me to 
have agents. I never had any agents, but I wrote to them that I did. 
It is very interesting, please look at that [indicating document]. It 
was addressed to me iDut sent to two others. Not only I received that 
but Colonel Alef, too. Two copies were sent and I got only one. 
Therefore, in my opinion, the other was sent to Colonel Alef. 

Mr. Russell. You didn't comply with the instructions to destroy 
the document? 

General Modelski. No. 

Mr. Russell. Did Colonel Alef ever make an effort to ascertain 
whether you had destroyed it ? 

General Modelski. No. 

Mr. Russell. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be introduced 
into the record as Exhibit 10. 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 10" 
Polish Army Top Secret 

Chief Command Copy Number 1 

General Staff Division II 
Number 0930/11 
February 24, 1947 

MILITARY ATTACHE AT THE EMBASSY OF THE POLISH REPUBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. MODELSKI 

I ask you to send a general list of your informers indicating : 

1. Name and surname of the informer, 

2. Age. 

3. Precise address. 

4. Method of contact with him. 

5. His previous work. 

6. Remuneration. 

7. Opinion. 

Upon reading, must be destroyed. 

V Chief of the Second Division of the 

General Staff of the Polish Army, 
(Signature) 
KoMAR, Brigadier General. 
Typed in 3 copies 
Copy 1-2 — w/g 

" 3— a/a. (for files) 
Sporz. M.Z. 15.2.47 
Druk. E.B. Nr. dz. 26. 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated February 24j 1947, in 
which you are requested to analyze the organization of the Mmistiy of 
National Defense — that is, the Ministry of the Land, Air, and Navy 
Forces. I ask that this document be introduced into the record and 
marked "Exhibit 11." 

Mr. Wood. Without objection, so ordered. 



" See appendix, p. 71, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 21 

Exhibit 11" 
Polish Army Secret 

Chief Command Copy No. 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 0931/11 
February 24, 1947 

MILITARY ATTACH^ AT THE EMBASSY OF THE POLISH REPUBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

GEN. MODELSKI 

In connection with the complete unification of the armed forces of the U. S. A., 
please analyze the organization of the Ministry of National Defense — that is, 
the Minister of the Land, Air, and Navy Forces. 

Chief of the Second Division of the 
General Staff of the Polish Army, 
(S) W. Komar 
Typed in 2 copies (-) Komar, Brig. Qen. 

Copy No. 1 — to the addressee 
Copy No. 2 — a/a (for files) 
Sporz. M. Z. 21.2.47 r. 
Druk. E. B. Nr. dz. 30 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated March 24, 1947, from the 
Chief of Staff of the Polish Army to the military attache of the Polish 
Republic in Washington. It is signed by Komar, brigadier general. 
The communication requests that General Modelski furnish detailed 
organization of the fleet on lower echelons; detailed organization of 
the navy air force; organization and exploitation of the submarine 
units ; characteristics and methods of training of the navy personnel. 
General Modelski, will you identify this for the committee, please ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. Did you make any attempt to obtain any of the 
information requested in this communication, General Modelski? 

General Modelski. No ; my information was only fictitious, or from 
the newspapers. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be intro- 
duced into the record and marked "Exhibit 12." 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 12" 
Polish Aemy , Secret 

Chief Command Copy No. 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 01051/11 
March 24, 1947 

MILITARY ATTACHE AT THE EMBASSY OF THE POLISH REPUBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

GEN. MODELSKI 

Please send the following data concerning the American Navy : 

a. Detailed organization of the fleet at lower echelons, 

b. Detailed organization of the Navy air force, 

c. Organization and exploitation of the submarine units, 

d. Charactei'istics and methods of training navy personnel. 

Chief of the Second Division of the 
General Staff of the Polish Abmy, 
(S) Waclkw 
Typed in two copies ( — ) Komar, Brig. Oen. 

Copy No. 1 — to the addressee 

" 2— a/a (for files) 
Sporz. M.Z. 11.3.47 r. 
Druk. E.B. Nr.dz.l4 



" See appendix, p. 72, for photostat of original document. 
" See appendix, p. 73, for pliotostat of original document. 




22 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated May 5, 1917, and signed 
by Michal Zymierski, Marshal of Poland. This document again calls 
your attention to the fact that you are submitting to undesirable in- 
fluences in the United States and that you should collaborate more 
closely with Colonel Alef. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document 
be introduced into the record and marked "Exhibit 13." 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 13 " 

Minister of National Defense Warsaw, May 5, 1947 

Number 10253/11 Top Secket 

Copy No. — 

MILITARY ATTACHE AT THE EMBASSY OF THE POLISH KEPUBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. MODEI..SKI 

To be delivered personally [in handwriting] 

On the basis of your reports, I repeat that in spite of all my suggestions and 
instructions to you, you ijersist to accept uncritically the influence of the environ- 
ment directed by the jQnancial circles, which at the present time rule the United 
States. 

From your reports and evaluations, it follows that frequently you are not able 
to draw a line between various events, facts or information coined by the gov- 
ernment and the actual intentions and tendencies of American policies. As a re- 
sult, your presentation of the economic and political situation of the United 
States does not offer a real picture of American actuality but reflects only the 
propaganda of the ruling circles. 

Keeping constant contact, official and social, wih persons of various world 
opinions belonging to outstanding political groups is part of your oflicial duties 
and .must enable you to arrive at a many-sided and personal judgment concerning 
the sum total of events which take place in the life of tlie United States. Allow- 
ance given to you for representation is designed for this purpose and must be 
used to the benefit for the service. 

Your analyses evaluations, and reports concerning the situation in the United 
States received thus far differ from the opinions of Colonel Alef on the same 
matter. With a view of improving the information service of the oflice of the 
Attache, and to achieve a more broad coverage of the entire American life, I 
direct you to collaborate closely with Colonel Alef and look for an objective and 
essential evaluation of military problems, as well as the economic and political 
life in the United States. 

Minister of National Defense, 
(S) Zymierski 

Michal Zymierski, Marshal of Poland. 
Typed in 2 copies 

Copy No. 1 — to the addressee 

" " 2— a/a (for files) 
Sporz. M. Z. 28.5.47. 

Druk. D. I. Nr. dz. 138. 

Mr. Russell. The next document is dated May 31, 1947, signed by 
Brigadier General Komar, formerly identified in the documents as 
colonel. This document requests General Modelski to report, before 
the end of June, on all questions and problems which had been assigned 
to him by the intelligence forces in Poland. Mr. Chairman, I ask that 
this document be introduced into the record and marked "Exhibit 14." 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 



" See appendix, p. 74, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 23 

Exhibit 14 ^* 
PoLispi Army Secret 

Chief Command • Copy No. 1 

Geueral Staff Division II 

No. 01374/11 
May 31, 1947 

MILITARY ATTACHE AT THE EMBASSY OF THE POLISH REPXJBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. MODELSKl 

Please report, before tiie end of June of this year, on all questions and problems 
which were assigned by us and on which we did not receive any answer thus far. 

Chief of the Second Division of the 
General Staff of the Polish Army, 
(S) Waclkw 
( — ) KoMAK, Brig. Gen, 
Typed in 2 copies 

Copy No. 1 — to the addressee 

" " 2— a/a (for files) 
Sporz. M. Z. 28.0.47. 
Druk. E. B. Nr. dz. 278. 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated May 31, 1917, from the 
Polish Army to General Modelski, signed "Komar, Brigadier Gen- 
eral." The document has reference to a previous report submitted 
by General Modelski to the Polish Army in which he indicated that 
the regular army should be 2,431,000 strong. General Komar states 
this figure does not agree with the previous report in which General 
Modelski stated that the regular armed forces be established at 1,070,- 
000. General Komar also states that Modelski 's information does not 
agree with the information which they possess from other sources. 
General Komar further states that the Army of the United States 
has been subdivided into seven armies, instead of six, and requests a 
map indicating the new subdivision, together with data, explaining 
the motives and purposes of the change. Will you look at this docu- 
ment. General, and tell the Committee if it is a true photostatic copy 
of the original ? 

General Modelski. Yes ; it is true. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be intro- 
duced into the record and marked "Exhibit 15." 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 15" 
Polish Army Secret 

Cliief Command Copy No 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 01375/H 
May 31, 1947 

military attache at the embassy of the polish republic in WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. modelski 

I. According to your report Number L. 64/1. M. secret /46, the regular army 
should be 2,431,000 strong. This figure does not agree with your previous re- 
port, L. 52/1. M. secret/46, in which you have indicated that the Army asked in 
its program for National Defense that its regular forces be established at 
1,070,000 men. 

" See appendix, p. 75, for photostat of orisinal document. 
"^ See appendix, p. 76, for photostat of original document. 



24 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

These figures (both in the first and the second report) do not agree either with 
the information which we posses from other sources. In connection with the 
above, please verify your data and make a new report concerning the strength 
of the regular army, indicating the source of your information. 

II. In connection with the new sub-division of the United States territory into 
7 armies instead of 6 (as reported. No. 6/L. 64/1. M. secret/46), please send 
a map indicating new sub-division, together with the data explaining the motives 
and purposes of the change. 

Chief of the Second Division of the General Staff, 

(S) Waclkw 
( — ) Komar, Brigadier General. 

Typed in 2 copies 

Copy No. 1 — to the addressee 
Copy No. 2 — a/a (for files) 
Sporz. M. Z. 27. 5. 47. 
Druk. D. I. Nr. dz. 172. 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated May 31, 1947, from the 
Polish Army to General Modelski, Washington, D. C, signed by 
Komar, brigadier general. The letter is more or less a reprimand from 
General Komar to General Modelski, in which Komar states that 
Modelski's information is based upon newspaper stories. He also 
states that General Modelski is not supplying information previously 
requested by Komar. Mr. Chairman, it is requested that this docu- 
ment be introduced into the record and marked "Exhibit 16." 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. The Chair would now like to adjourn the 
hearing until tomorrow, Friday, April 1, 1949, at 9 : 30 a. m. 

Exhibit 16 " 
Polish Army Secret 

Chief Command Copy No. 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 1373/11 
May 31, 1947 

MILITARY attache AT THE EMBASSY OF THE POLISH REPtTBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. MODELSKI 

Evahiation of Material for the Period from February 1 to April 30, 19Itl. 

Material received from you, namely, all material (with the exception of that 
relating to the German problem), is based exclusively on the press. Although 
this has an information value, nevertheless, it does not contain what is in the 
first place most Important for us, namely : information to be reported on certain 
dates, as it follows from the enumeration of problems sent to you by the letter, 
Number 0827/11. The press is, of course, a very important source of information ; 
however, it can not be the only source. 

Without neglecting the matters which are studied continuously and the cur- 
rent matters, please take up, in accordance with the above-mentioned letter 
No. 0827/11, the matters which must be reported on definite dates. 

Up to the end of May, we did not receive any material concerning: 

a. Matters to be reported on certain dates : 

1. Organization of artillery, 

2. Organization of armored branches, 

3. Organization of the air forces, 

4. Numerical strength of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. 

b. Matters under continuous study : 

1. Information about outstanding personalities, [May also mean about 
large enterprises — translator's note.] 

2. Radio industry, 
8. Commerce, 



" See appendix, p. 77, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 25 

4. Financing of tlie occupation zone in Germany (capital and its penetra- 
tion into Germany), 

5. Import-Export Bank, 

6. International Monetary Fund, 

7. War industry, 

8. Communication — transport. 

Working with data referring to these problems, especially relating to the 
matters to be reported on certain dates, please consider it to be very urgent and 
the primary task of your office. 

Chief of the Second Division of 

General Staff of the Polish Army, 
(S) Waclkw 
( — ) KoMAE, Brigadier General. 
Typed in 2 copies 

Copy No. 1 — to the addressee 
Copy No. 2— a/a (for files) 
Sporz. M. Z. 27.5.47. 
Druk. D. I. Nr. dz. 173. 

Whereupon the hearing adjourned as ordered until the following 
day. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOE MODELSKI, 
FORMER MILITARY ATTACHE OF THE POLISH EMBASSY, 
WASHINGTON, D. C. 



FRIDAY, APRIL 1, 1949 

United States House of Representatives, 
Subcommittee of the Committee on Un-American Activities, 

Washington, D. C. 

EXECUTIVE session 

The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 10 a. m. in room 226, 
Old Plouse Office Building, Hon. John S. Wood, (chairman of the 
committee) presiding. 

Subcommittee of one, Hon. John S. Wood, chairman ; staff members, 
Louis J. Russell, senior investigator ; and William A. Wheeler, investi- 
gator, being present. 

Mr. Russell,. Mr. Chairman, since the witness was sworn yesterday 
and this is a continuation of that hearing, there is no necessity to 
swear him again today. 

Mr. Wood. You may proceed. 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document the general turned over to the 
Committee is dated October 17, 1947, addressed to Gen. W. Komar in 
reply to General Komar's communication of October 12, 1947, signed by 
General Modelski, entitled "The Opinion of Military Circles." Gen- 
eral Modelski, will you identify and explain the document to the com- 
mittee ? 

General Modelski. Yes; there were three opinions. Yes; that it 
true. 

jMr. Wheeler. Where did you obtain the information ? 

General Modelski. My personal opinion. They asked me about 
the Cominform created in Belgi'ade at the end of 1947. They were 
asking me what the military circles in the United States thought about 
the Cominform. 

Mr. Wheeler. In other words, Komar sent you a telegram on 
October 12, 1947, requesting the information regarding the feeling of 
American military men toward the creation of the Cominform ? 

General Modelski. Requesting wdiat the American people militarily 
are thinking about. I told them that the people are thinking the 
Comintern never died. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I would like to have this document 
^entered into the record as Exhibit 17. 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

27 



28 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

Exhibit 17 ^' 
Coded Message No. 
Where to : Warsaw 
To Whom : General W. Komar 
In answer to your message of October 12, 1947. 

Top Secret 

Making of copies forbidden. 

Sent October 17, 1947. 

2. The opinion of Military Circles : 

The Belgrade Act has also a military aspect : to divert the attention from the 
main purpose and direct it to the purposes of secondary importance in foreign 
affairs ; namely, to Italy and France. This view was manifested by the American 
headquarters by opposition to sending troops to Palestine, which represents in the 
international situation more than a secondary purpose of employment of military 
units. 

Truly, the Soviet Union, thanks to its central position, has the strategic advan- 
tage of the possibility to select the desirable direction of the attack or attacks, 
and of dispersing the forces of a possible enemy or enemies, but, on the other hand, 
does not have the freedom of the sea and in the last analysis, will itself be subject 
to a similar dispersion. 

The old application of the strategy of retreat using space (Napoleon or Hitler) 
does not play a role any longer in modern strategy. 

The consequences of the Belgrade offensive will be: Passing of the law con- 
cerning Universal Military Training, increase of the military budget, develop- 
ment of the military preparedness of the United States — that is, the abstaining 
from any financial or export aid which could strengthen the [Soviet] Union and 
the Eastern Bloc; in brief — the sharpening of the economic war. 

The next report will be devoted to the opinion of the Diplomatic circles. 

Maj. Gen. I. Modelski. 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated October 16, 1947, ad- 
dressed to Gen. W. Komar from General Modelski. It is a reply to 
the message of October 12, 1947, which General Modelski testified that 
General Komar sent him requesting political, military, and diplomatic 
information. Will you identify this document as a photostatic copy 
of the original turned over to this Committee ? 

General Modelski. That is true. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be entered 
into the record and marked "Exhibit 18." 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 18 ^* 
Telegram 
General W. Komak 

Waisaw 

Secret 

Washington, October 16, 1947 

In reply to the message of October 12, 1947 

1. Opinion of political circles : The Cominfoim in Belgrade is in the nature of a 
propaganda maneuver, which is without doubt an offensive designed to maintain 
Communist movements in Greece and France. It is not the resurrection of Com- 
intern because it "never died." 

As an official expression of the views of the government of Slavic countries, 
it will undoubtedly intensify the economic and political war which is going on 
and will not add to the maintenance of peace since the Western Bloc will not per- 
mit the annihilation of the Marshall Plan. Just on the contrary, the increasing 
conflict will lead rather to the collapse of the rehabilitation of Eastern Europe at 
the expense of the loss of the possibility of marketing and exporting of coal. 
Without the help of the West, there could be no rehabilitation of the East. The 
economic and political concept of the Eastern Bloc is destined gradually but 



" See appendix, p. 78, for photostat of original document. 
" See appendix, p. 79, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 29 

surely to die because of an economic collapse and also other differences in the 
views of the world of the people inhabiting Europe taken as a whole. 

Only a universal I'evolution in Western Europe may draw that part of Europe 
into the economic and political orbit of the Soviet Union, but there are no indica- 
tions of that and this will not succeed. 

The offensive by the Eastern Bloc is another great stumbling for the policy of 
the Soviet Union in the international field which leads to a world war rather than 
to world peace. As to the export of Polish coal on which the Polish government 
bases it economic policy of the rehabilitation of the country, although this coal 
is cheaper and is badly needed for the rehabilitation of Western Europe, it may 
be replaced by another coal although it will be more expensive. 

Tomori-ow I will report the opinions of the military circles. 

General of the Division, 

Dr. I. MODELSKI, 

Military and Air Attach^. 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated October 18, 1947, ad- 
dressed to General W. Komar, from General Modelski, and it is an 
answer to the third part of the telegram sent by General Komar on 
October 12, 1947, to General Modelski, wherein he requests the opinion 
of diplomatic circles. Will you identify this document as a photo- 
static copy of the original which you have in your possession ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be entered 
into the record and marked "Exhibit 19." 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 19 " 
Telegram Secret 

General W. Komar Washington, October 18, 1947. 

In answer to your telegram of October 12, 1947. 

3. Opinion of the Diplomatic Circles here (Latin America) 

The Warsaw-Belgrade Act is a test of the political support of the economic war 
declared against the Marshall Plan. 

The first answer of the United States is the resignation of the Under Secretary 
of State Clayton and the threatening economic boycott of the Soviet Union and 
the Eastern Bloc. One of the coming answers will be the interruption of diplo- 
matic relations with the Soviet Union by the South American countries. The un- 
doubted loss by the Soviet Union of the economic war will cause the political 
collapse of the Union and under the present condition Russia is not yet prepared 
for military action. 

As experience up to now shows, communism is not in a position to be able to 
get control of any nation and win it to the cause of the conception of a Communist 
world without using for this purpose armed forces. Only by the use of armed 
forces has Russia achieved this in Eastern Europe either as an allied power 
or as an occupying power. 

The act of political intimidation by the Manifesto of December 6 of the current 
year has caused an opposite effect. 

The western hemisphere will also afford to the United States full military 
support. 

Latin America possesses a good, although small, army, organized and trained 
with the aid of instructors from the United States. 

The United States, considerably strengthened in its position, will not give in 
and will not undertake a false compromise. 

The act of Belgrade is evidence of Soviet weakness and is the beginning 
of the decrease of the political influence of the Soviet Union. 

Regardless of the outcome of the political and economic war changes going 
on, and aside from the fact whether the Soviet Union will withdraw from 
the United Nations or not, the problem of the settlement of the frontiers must 
be in the long run decided at a general peace conference of the United Nations. 

General of the Division, 
I. Modelski. 

^* See appendix, p. 80, for photostat of original document. 



30 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document submitted to the Committee is 
dated January 2, 19-17, from the Polish Army to Major General Mo- 
delski, military attache, Embassy of the Polish Eepublic, Washing- 
ton, D. C. It consists of five pages in Polish and bears the signature 
of General Komar. The document is entitled "Evaluation of the Re- 
ports for the ISIonths of August, September, and October 1946." The 
document is a reprimand to General Modelski in which it is stated that 
the Polish Government has found many discrepancies and exaggera- 
tions in the evaluation of the reports, particularly with reference to 
the atomic bomb, and, in a majority of cases, the lack of objectivity. 
Througliout the report. General Modelski is criticized for giving false 
information. Will you look as this document and identify it for the 
Committee as a photostatic copy of the original document? 

General JModelski. Yes ; that is so. 

Mr. Wheeler. Do you have any comment, General ? 

General jModelski. Yes ; when I came here, it was not easy for me 
to do what they asked me to do, and afterward Colonel Alef told me 
that I am not trying; that my purpose was to stay here as long as 
possible to uncover or prevent activities of my deputy. Therefore I 
sent newspaper reports, but I wanted to show to the Polish Govern- 
ment in Warsaw that all information they possess, sent to them from 
other sources or from Colonel Alef, was untrue. It was not an easy 
job to present a picture this way. Therefore, perhaps you will see 
the manner in which I reported the Lewis strike. Colonel Alef told 
me that is the beginning of a revolution but I wrote that is untrue be- 
cause the strike of Lewis will not do any harm to the United States 
security. I wrote them that there is no trouble, even if there is a lack 
of soft coal, because America possesses a big oil and gas line from 
Texas. They then asked me to send a report about the oil pipes but 
I did not answer. 

Mr, Wheeler. Since this communication was addressed to you and 
you were criticized for the information you supplied, and for your in- 
accuracies in reporting information, could you conclude that Komar 
had other contacts in the United States ? 

General ISIodelski. Yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. Do you know of any other parallel units ? 

General Modelski. Yes, Colonel Alef's. I assume countries from 
the iron curtain also received similar instructions. 

Mr. Wheeler. Did you ever read any of Colonel Alef's reports 
which he submitted to Komar ? 

General Modelski. Never, although I asked him many times. 

Mr. Wheeler. Do you know whether he submitted intelligence 
reports ? 

General Modelski. Absolutely. 

Mr. Wheeler. Do you know of anyone else, besides Colonel Alef, 
who attempted to supply classified information to the Polish or 
Russian Government ? 

General Modelski. I am quite sure of that. 

Mr. Wheeler. But you can't name them ? 

General Modelski. All attaches behind the iron curtain supply 
information to their respective governments, and because the Russian 
director of intelligence service of so-called internal and external — 
Marshal Beria, he is chief of so-called security, Minister in Russia, 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 31 

but all external and internal security, tof^ether with military intelli- 
gence service, is dependent upon him. He is a source to give orders, 
behind the iron curtain. 

Mr. Wheeler. Do you know his first name? 

General Modelski.* No ; I don't remember. 

Mr. "Wheeler. Did you ever contact him personally? 

General Modelski. No ; because I was sent abroad. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Cliairman, I ask that this document be intro- 
duced into the record and marked "Exhibit 20." 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 20 =" 
Polish Aemy Secret 

Chief Command Copy No. 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 0724/11 
January 2, 1947 

MH-ITAKY ATTACHE AT THE EMBASSY OP THE POLISH REPUBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. MODELSKI 

Evaluation of the reports for the months of August, September, and October, 1946 

General Consideration 

The military, political, and ecouoraic situations of the United States are not 
objective but express your personal attitudes. 

Information is one-sided, often without indication of the source and, in addi- 
tion, the influence is evident of certain large capitalistic American circles of well- 
known type. 

In the reports it is necessary to distinguish two tasks which, in part, are over- 
lapping in the working out of details. 

The tirst part — data and information in the military field ; the second — polit- 
ical and military generalizations. 

With reference to the first part, which represents a subject matter that interests 
us, in the first place we need information complying with certain basic require- 
ments : It must be objective, systematic, thorough, concrete, and worked out in 
accordance with the plan. 

Some data and information as, for instance, the part concerning tlie budget, 
some particulars in the field of aircraft, and others, are useful contributions for 
the study of these problems and were used correspondingly. 

However, it is necessary to state that a considerable part of the information 
received does not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. 

Our Bureau of Studies found in them many discrepancies, exaggerations in 
evaluation, particularly witli reference to the atomic bomb, and in the majority 
of cases, lack of objectivity. 

Particular Considerations 

In the report of August 26, 1946, we find information concerning new military 
inventions of the United States of America. Likewise, on 8 pages of the report 
of September 5, 1946, the information concerning the atomic bomb is reported. 
In the last-named report, we read : "The gale produced by the explosion of the 
bomb (atomic) in comparison with the natural gale on land having a velocity of 
5 miles per hour reaches 30 to 40 miles per hour velocity. (Page 1)" 

These data do not agree with the actual situation because tlie velocity of the 
gale on land is 32-30-^6 miles per hour and not 5 miles per hour. A velocity of 
4-7 miles per hour is no more than a breeze. See Air Navigation, P. V. H. Weems 
Lieutenant Commander, New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1942, 
p. 400. 

Thus a gale produced by the explosion of the atomic bomb with a velocity of 
30-40 miles per hour does not appear so terrible. 

^ See appendix, pp. 81-85, for photostat of original document. 
89349 — 49 3 



32 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

On page 3 of your report we read : "Explosion of an atom bomb produces in the 
center of the explosion a fire bullet several tens of hundreds of degrees. The 
temperature of the center of this bullet amounts to millions of degrees C. The 
scientists evaluate the temperature of this bullet at from 3,000 to 9,000 degrees C. 
The beams of lire on the circumference reached 18,700 degrees." 

Aside from the fact that the second sentence of the above-quoted paragraph is, 
in general, not understandable, the next sentence, where the evaluation by the 
scientist is stated, contradicts the previous one. 

On page G of the report of September 5, 1946, the strength of the Infantry 
Division is stated as being 14,037. However, in fact, it amounts to 13,404. 
Insofar as the strength of new Infantry Divisions is concerned, the figure 
17,000 is approximately correct but not in details, and in addition, new T/Os of 
the Infantry Division are patterned after the British Divisions with minor 
changes. 

In all reports, especially where you speak of the strategic military position 
of the United States, of the preparedness of the armed forces, and atomic weap- 
ons, vse find often generalizations and overrated statements. For instance, in 
the report of August 26, 1946, on page 4, we read that new researches brought 
about an invention "of particles so-called messou — with the unheard of f/ravity 
exceeding that of the particles relieved by the atom bomb. This is like an 
attempt to create a new device, an atomic superbomb, that is a cosmic bomb." 

Likewise, the Bikini experiment is overrated. Even from the world press it 
is known that the results at Bikini do not give any reason for using superlatives. 
In your report of September 5, 1946, on page 2 we read : "The power of the force 
of pressure (at the explosion of the atomic bomb) is simply heyond compre- 
hension," and at this occasion the velocity of this pressure is stated at 30-40 miles 
per hour. It is an obvious overstatement, because if we consider that the velocity 
of a storm reaches 75 miles per hour, and a wind with a velocity of 30-40 miles 
per hour, the above-mentioned Commander Weems described as a moderate gale ! 
In view of all this, all the discussions in the report concerning the terrible etfects 
of this pressure are not convincing. 

The Military Budget of the U. S. A. 

Report of September 19, 1C46 (on tlie basis of the letter of V\'allace) : 

Army and Navy 13,000 million dollars (.$13,000,000,000) 

Expenses of the military activities 5,000 million dollars ( $5,(H)0,000,'J()0 ) 

Debts and welfare of veterans 10,000 million dollars 

Total 28,000 million dollars ($28,000,000,000) 

Report of October 13, 1946 : 

Budget for all the armed forces 11,383 million dollars ($11,383,000,000) 

Report of November 14, 1946: (According to Rex Collier, "The Sunday Star") 

Budget of the National Defense 28,000 million dollars 

Army and Navy 13, 150 million dollars 

In this are included the expenses of demobilization and reparation caused 
by tlie war emergencies. 

Report of October 14. 1946: (According to speech of Secretary of War Patter- 
son) 

Budget of the National Defense 18,500 million dollars 

Of this : 

Army — 5,000 million dollars 

Navy 3,000 million dollars 

The budget of the government expenses of the United States, according to 
the report of the National City Bank of New York, "Economic Conditions Govern- 
mental Finance United States Securities," of September, 1946 : 

War Department 8,060 million dollars 

Navy Department 5,150 million dollars 

Terminal leave of enlisted personnel 2, 418 million dollars 

U. S. Maritime Commission 290 million dollars 

War Shipping Administration 412 million dollars 

Other (includes UNRRA) 2,178 million dollars 

National Defense Subtotal 18, 508 million dollars 

Veterans' Pensions and Benefits 6, 205 million dollars 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 33 

To summarize, the Bureau of Studies, in comparing tliese figures, is facing tlie 
problem : Whicli of the figures are the correct ones? Who is the wrong informant 
and wants to pass the wrong information — Wallace, Collier, Patterson, or some- 
body else. 

Evaluation of the position of President Truman as a person ruling the United 
States, who has behind him the entire American population is, according to our 
opinion, false. It seems to us also that Truman did not gain any authority after 
the speeches of Mr. Wallace and, on the contrary, lost a lot of his prestige. 

The role of the Trade Unions is mistakenly interpreted, and the name of "Fifth 
Column'' simply does not stand any criticism. The sentence that the action of 
the Trade Unions is met by a decisive reaction of "sound citizens'' raises before 
us the question — which part of the citizens do you consider sound? 

Information concerning the amendment of the Constitution — namely, concern- 
ing the terms of office of members of the Congress, and concerning the possibility 
of declaring an aggressive war by the United States requires an additional report 
on the soui'ces of this information (Report 03/1. M., Section 7, of August 28, 1946). 
If the prospect of war between the United States and the Soviet Union is involved, 
we do not share your views expressed in the report of September 5, 1946, page 7, 
that : "We are already on the eve of a possible conflict. . . ." 

It is true that on the West there are certain influential groups of war mongers, 
which were branded in the speeches by Marshal Stalin. These groups are inciting 
war, but taking it in general, it is a blackmailing and an attempt to intimidate. 
No war is threatened in the very near future. 

In the existing situation, it is necessary, with full objectivity, to establish 
that the Soviet Union does not intend any aggression, in contrast to what is sug- 
gested in many of your reports, but the opposite — it is its intent to strengthen the 
lasting peace in the world. 

In the report of August 26, 1946, on page 6 you state the opinion of American 
military leaders which, in our opinion, is not decent and rather cynical, stating 
that : "The only trouble at the present time is the helplessness with regard to the 
Constitution, which does Jiot permit any aggressive war by the United States." 
Doesn't this form an objective expression of the intention of aggression, at least 
of these circles"? 

You often refer to data derived from research made by the Gallup Poll Institu- 
tion which, in our opinion, not only investigates but creates the public opinion 
of the United States, and its conclusions are after "pia desideria" (wishful 
thinking), in the interest of influence on behalf of certain i)ersons. That the 
results of the research and investigations of the Gallup Poll are not objective is 
shown, for instance, by the similar investigations by other institutions such as 
the Center of Research of public opinion at the University of Denver, Colorado, 
which conducted questionnaires on the subject of whether'the United States and 
the Soviet Union must decide to go to war. Eiglity-seven percent of the answers 
all over the United States were to the effect that neither the Soviet nor the Ameri- 
can people want any war and will not decide for it. Only 9 percent admitted the 
possibility of an armed conflict. 

Generally speaking, our Bureau of Studies deems a considerable part of the 
information to be unimportant and, as a whole or in part, not well organized : 
therefore, it cannot in the majority of cases use this data and information as 
material, or as supplementary material, or for comparison. 

2. In accordance with the order of the Marshal, you must in the first place get 
busy with the military affairs, supplying us with data concerning the following: 

1. Military doctrine of the United States, 

2. Organization of the land army, air force and navy : 

a. numerical strength — methods of recruiting, 

b. distribution, paying special attention to bases, 

c. armament and technical equipment, particularly with regard to the land 
army: 

liaison — (means — kind of equipment) 
engineers — (means — kind of equipment) 
artillery — ( equipment — technical data ) 
armored forces— (equipment — technical data) 

3. Detailed analysis of military schools : 

a. kinds of schools, 

b. number of schools, 

c. lengtli of schooling, theoretical training, means and equipment, 

d. distribution of schools, 



34 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

e. administration and program of the scliool training — new doctrines, 

f. practical training during tlae scliool term and upon graduation — (kind, 
length, requirements) 

4. Corps of Officers and Non-Coms : 

a. recruiting — (method of, requirements, limitations of admittance if any), 

b. theoretical and practical training, 

c. morale, 



d. financial standing. 



Chief of the Second DmsiON of the 
General Staff of the Polish Army, 
(S) Waclkw. 
( — ) KoMAR, Brig. Gen. 
Typed in 2 copies 

Copy No. 1 — to the addressee 

" 2— a/a (for files) 
Sporz. K. J. 14.12.46 r. 
Druk. B. I. Nr. dz. 14. 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated May 5, 1947, from the 
Polish Army to General Modelski in Washington, D. C., and bears the 
signature of Komar, Brigadier General. The document is entitled 
"The Evaluation of Material from November, 1946 to January, 1947." 
Again General Komar criticizes information General Modelski has 
forwarded to General Komar, and states that most of his information 
is in the nature of newspaper reports, and further criticizes General 
Modelski for referring to the results of the Gallup Poll. General 
Komar also requests additional information concerning the organiza- 
tion and strength of the National Guard ; information concerning coal, 
natural gas and other gas fuel ; also asks to be informed concerning all 
public appearances and statements of official leaders and important 
personalities in the U. S. A. Can you identify this document for the 
record. General? 

General Modelski. That is true, yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be intro- 
duced into the record and marked "Exhibit 21." 

Mr. Wood. It is so ordered. 

Exhibit 21" 
Polish Army Secret 

Chief Command Copy No. 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 01252/11 
May 5, 1947 

military attach:^ at the embassy of the polish republic in WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. MODELSKI 

The Evaluation of Material from November, 1946, to January, 1947 

General Observations 

Your reports bring lots of material, but they are mostly in the nature of 
chronicle remarks [in the nature of newspaper reporting]. This method of ob- 
taining and treating of the subject matter presents distinct difficulties in mak- 
ing use of them as informative, comparative, and supplementary material. 

An example which may be used in this connection is the small doses of informa- 
tion in 17 reports concerning the defense of the border lines. 



'"■ See appendix, pp. 86-88, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 35' 

In order to facilitate the work of our Bureau of Studies, and in order to give 
us a broad picture of the problems treated, I ask you to organize the reports in 
the following form : 

a. A comprehensive [synthetic] treatment of the whole of the subject mat- 
ter for problems which exist for a long time and for which the facts are 
pstn 111 i slipd * 

b. Presentation of the subject matter within a certain period on the basis 
of the information i-eceived within the indicated period. 

Reports coming under Clause a, please supplement by reports covering a' 
certain period, bit by bit, with the obtaining of material and development of 
events. 
At great length you often refer to the results of the so-called "Investigation 
of Public Opinion of the Gallup Institute." 

We wrote you about this, and insist that the findings of the Gallup Institute 
are not controlling. Please compare them with the investigations of other 
American institutes engaged in the analysis of public opinion, which will to 
some extent help you to be oriented and evaluate the way of thinking of the 
American people. To rely exclusively on the Gallup Institute is one-sided and 
insufficient. 

Together with the information, will you please always indicate the source 

of it. 

Specific Observations 

L. 3S/I. M. 46/T. jn. (secret), of 'Novemler 14, 19^6 

It is not important that: "Building of more heavy men of war is in full 
blast," but it would be important to indicate the type of these vessels, their 
tonnage and armament. The report must be supplemented with the following 
material : 

1. Technical and tactical data concerning vessels assigned to the so-called 
"atom war." 

2. On what in particular is the change of the old vessel to the new based? 

3. What data are available concerning the U. S. Navy in the Mediter- 
ranean? 

L. SI/ 1. M. 46/secret, of November 15, 1946 

The report on the budget of the land army of the U. S. A. and of the Navy is 
made exhaustively. 

L. 43/1. M. 46/secret, of November 18, 1946 

Tlie report contains scattered information and individual items which do not 
give the whole picture of the problem. It could be a fragment in the survey of the 
American press concerning the Polish Western frontier. Reported as separate 
information, it can not be used at all. 

L. 28/I.M. 46/secret, of November 21, 1946 

As a supplement, please send the terms of the plan of the Army and Navy for 
6 months' training of youth and the results of this plan. 

L. 49/I.M. 46/secret, of November 23, 19)6 

In addition, please report : 

1. Data concerning the National Guard and the organization of the Re^ 
serves (organization, numerical strength, methods, and quality of training, 
leaders). 

2. The names of the ships of the line which are slated for liquidation. 

3. Data concerning the building of "quick-fire ranges" : 

a. Whether they are in use, and how many. 

b. Program of building. 

L. 52/IJI. secret/46, November 25, 1946 

The Lewis coal strike was evaluated properly and to the point. Please send 
the following data : 

a. What is the attit-^le of the coal concerns with legard to the use of 
gas instead of bituminous coal ; 

b. What bases are to be found in Persia, their distribution and strength. 



36 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

L. 59/1. M. secret /Ji6, Decemler 11, 1946 

1. The problem of the use of some other kind of fuel instead of coal is very 
important. Please follow the technical side of the transition to natural gas 
and other gas fuel. 

2. Page 1, line 8 from the bottom reads : "According to the official report, 
coal is used by 50.4% of industry ; oil, 10.2%." Please find out whether it is 
crude or refined, and if it is refined, what type? 

L. 60/1. M. secret/46, December I4, 19^6 

Please follow and inform us concerning all public appearances and Btate- 
ments of official leaders and important personalities in the U. S. A. concerning 
the German problem, 

L. 61/1. M. secret/46, December 17, 1946. 

The subject matter of the report is treated one-sidedly and, therefore, can not 
be used. The reports of tlie Gallup Institute are not at all conclusive as far as 
the public opinion in the United States concendng the relations with U. S. S. ll. 
is involved. 

Chief op the Second Division of the 
General Staff of the Polish Army, 
(S) Waclkw 
( — ) KoMAR, Brig. Oen. 
Typed in 2 copies 

Copy No. 1.— to the addressee 
Copy No. 2 — a/a (for files) 
Sporz. M. Z. 29. 4. 47 
Druk. E. B. Nr. dz. 174. 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated June 30, 1946, from the 
Polish Army to General Modelski, and bears the signature of W. 
Komar, colonel, wherein it states that General Modelski's plan to visit 
Polish settlements in different cities of the United States was ap- 
proved. The document continues: 

In making such visits the fact must be kept in mind that Polish immigrants in 
the United States are essentially very sensitive with regard to the sentimental 
ties with Poland. This aspect has been, and is, used by the London agents active 
in these places. 

General Modelski, this communication indicates that there are close 
ties between the Polish people in the United States and London agents. 
General, would you identify the London agents ? 

General Modelski. They are all who refuse to do anything with 
Russia ; they are the people of the Polish Government in exile. 

Mr, Wheeler. In other words, London agents could be classified as 
being in the Polish underground. 

General Modelski. Not perhaps that way. When they sent me here, 
they were sure that I would influence Americans of Polish descent who 
were sympathetic to the exile government in England to transfer their 
sympathy to the present Polish Government. 

Mr. Wheeler. In other words, in referring to the London agents, 
they mean individuals who are against the Communist government ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. In other words, there is a move afoot to counteract 
the present government ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. And could be termed as an underground movement? 

General Modelski. That it true. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be intro- 
duced into the record and marked "Exhibit 22." 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 37 

Exhibit 22 " 
Polish Akmy Secret 

Chief Command Copy No. 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 0176/11 
June 30, 1946 

MILITARY ATTACHE AT THE EMBASSY OF THE POLISH REPUBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

MAJ. GEN. MODELSKI 

At the outset, I advise you in general what the attitude of the Marshal was to 
letters (of June 10 and June 13) addressed by you to him. 

The Marshal did not take co.uiiizance of these letters because : 

a. They have the character of private letters ; 

b. In the official matters, he requires the official form of correspondence. 

1. Evaluation of the atmosphere and terrain as factors, which are difficult to 
establish, is completely covered by the available information and, therefore, your 
intention not to undertake at the beginning any political action was met here with 
approval. 

Wliere some contacts are established, as is for instance the case with the group 
of Haller followers, political aspects must more and more characterize these 
contacts. Such approach, bit by bit, must apply also in any other case. 

2. In view of the above, your plan to visit Polish settlements in different cities 
of tho United States also was approved. 

In making such visits, the fact must be kept in mind that Polish immigrants 
in the United States are essentially very sensitive with regard to the senti- 
mental ties with Poland. This aspect has been, and is, used by the London 
agents active in these places. 

3. The plan to enlarge the personnel of the Attache in Washington by Naval 
and Air Attaches is seriously considered. 

The request for a Liaison Officer for the Military Attach^ was taken favorably. 
On June 15, Major Edward Kierys left Warsaw on his way, via London, to 
Washington in order to take this office. 

The Chief of the Second Division of the General Staff, 
(S) Waclkw 

W. KoMAR, Colonel. 
Typed in 2 copies 

Copy No. 1 — to the addressee 
Copy No. 2 — a/a (for files) 
Sporz. K. E. 
29.7.40 r. 
Druk. B. I. 
Nr. dz. 75. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, the next document is imdafed and 
appears to be a questionnaire sent to an official of the Polish Govern- 
ment. General Slodelski, I would like for you to identify the docu- 
ment and explain it to the Committee, please. 

General Modelski. Yes. Although it is not secret, it is very im- 
portant for the Communist regime. In my opinion it ^vas ordered by 
Russia, because they sent many Russian people to Poland; they wore 
Polish uniforms and they ordered them to become Polish citizens. 
In this way they wanted to fight all foes of communism from past 
Polish history — from the beginning of the first war, who fought 
against tlie Communists. Afterward they wanted to know, not only 
from me perhaps b'.it from all people living in Poland, who their re- 
lations were and their acquaintances abroad. That is a docuiiient to 
get more people to serve Russian or Communist interests. Therefore, 
they ask your biographj^, and all items must be answered. That is 
very interesting because in that way they find the people to be picked 
for Communist services. 



22 See appendix, p. 89, for photostat of original document. 



38 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

Mr. Russell. In other words, the Russian Government sent its own 
fifth cokimn to Poland, and is trying to create one here through the 
use of a questionnaire such as this. Also in other countries ^ 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. General Modelski, did you submit an answer to 
the document which you have just reviewed? 

General Modelski. I did not. 

Mr. Russell. The document states: "Were you or your relatives 
convicted or indicted and investigated, or arrested or punished by 
court, administrative or disciplinary authorities, when, where, and 
what for." Will you explain that sentence ? 

General Modelski. In my opinion, they are looking for some people 
to be used for their work, because in Poland some of the security police 
are former criminals. It is an easy way to get into the service. 

Mr. Russell. What do they mean by "punished by administrative 
authorities" ? 

General Modelski. Because in Poland there is pun.ishment by court 
and administrative, too, and they are all officials, civil or military. 
They wanted to know all about everyone — his past. 

Mr. Russell. Was this questionnaire sent to Polish citizens or to 
people from Russia who had accepted Polish citizenship? 

General Modelski. They sent it to both. 

Mr. Russell. But some of the questions are solely directed to the 
Russians ? 

General Modelski. Exactly. 

Mr. Russell. Two of the questions are directed to the Russians or 
persons who had been citizens of Russia, as the one which states : 
"Whether served in the Red Army, when, where, and in what position. 
Military status at the present time." The other question is, "Nation- 
ality, citizenship. Whether you were a citizen of any other country 
and when you have accepted Polish citizenship," Those two questions 
were directed specifically at Russians who had accepted Polish 
citizenship ? 

General Modelski. They do not want to collaborate with Polish 
officers. Therefore, they sent the Russians to take over top offices. 

Mr. Russell. Had some of the persons been sent into Poland prior 
to the time of the partition ? 

General Modelski. They took many hundred thousand people from 
Poland, as they did before the First World War, and they sent them 
all to Siberia or into deep Russia. 

Mr. Russell. What I was referring to in connection with the ques- 
tionnaire which we have just discussed was the fact that some of these 
people of Russian descent who had accepted Polish citizenship had 
been sent to Poland prior to the time the country was divided between 
Russia and Germany? 

General Modelski. Yes. In 1939, when they invaded Poland, and 
after tlie defeat of Germany, when they occupied Poland in 1944. 

Mr. Russell. In other words, Russia has had a fifth colunm in 
Poland since 1939 ? 

General Modelski. Yes, since 1939. That is the way they are try- 
ing to do, and therefore they ask about what Americans of Polish 
descent are doing. They told me — this way we will disrupt the United 
States, but I saw it was impossible because the majority of the Amer- 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 39 

ican Polish people here are constantly against Communists. How- 
ever, the Communist-controlled government desires to exploit the 
American Poles and have Polish organizations work on behalf of 
the Communists, such as the American Slav Congress. 

Mr. Wheelek. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be intro- 
duced into the record and marked "Exhibit 23." 

]\Ir. Wood. It is so ordered. 

Exhibit 23" 
Write legibly, clearly, and only in ink form no. 3 

BIOGRAPHY 

For 

(Military rank, suruame, name, and the name of the father) 

Must be filletl according to the form, in one's own hand, without crossing out and 
without corrections, under the obligation to make clear the following questions : 

Year and month of birth, indicating kind of family into which born, and the 
occupation of the parents prior to 1939. During the occupation of Poland (their 
address), whether any relatives lived abroad, \vlien, how long, and what his or 
her means of subsistence was, and the reason for return to Poland. 

Whether you have acquaintances or relatives abroad in foreign offices, mis- 
sions, or among citizens of other countries. 

Marital status, occupation of the wife, her parents, brothers, and sisters be- 
fore the war and up to the present time. 

Trade or profession of persons answering this questionnaire. Date began to 
work independently, how long worked or was employed, and work during the 
occupation of the Polish state by German Fascists, kind of real property pos- 
sessed and where it is located. 

Party affiliation, indicating to which parties or political groups belongs or 
belonged, where, when, and why left these, to which political or military organ- 
izations belonged at the time of German occupation of Poland. 

Service in the Army : When and in what unit, how long, in what position and 
with what rank (Russian, Austrian, Polish, German). 

Whether served in the Red Army, when, where and in what position (last po- 
sition). Military status at the present time. 

Whether you yourself or your relatives served in the Anders Army and other 
Polish units formed abroad after 1939. 

Participation in the war 1914-1921, where, when and in what participated. 

To which social organizations belonged before September 1, 1939. 

Whether you or your relatives were convicted or indicted and investigated, or 
were arrested or punished by court, administrative or disciplinary authorities, 
when, where and what for. 

Nationality, citizenship. Whether you were a citizen of any other country 
and when you have accepted Polish citizenship. 

Place of residence (precise address). 

Mr. Russell. General, I have a document here, addressed to the 
military attache Polish Embassy in Washington, addressed to you. 
The document states, "To be delivered personally." Would you ex- 
plain what this document is? 

General INIodelski. It is a letter from General Komar. Before they 
tried to do all they could to get me back to Warsaw. I said, every time, 
that I was ill and the doctors told me it was impossible for me to take 
a trip by ship or plane although I am still working, but only do what 
is necessary. I wanted to get many documents from Warsaw if 
possible. I provoked them many times, and then Warsaw ceased, in 
1947, to answer. When they ceased to ask me about anything, they 
didn't answer any of my reports and I continued sending them every 
week. Then they tried to convince me that I was wrong. Then 

^ See appendix, p. 90, for photostat of original document. 



40 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

General Paskiewicz, he was my former friend, wrote me a letter. That 
letter was sent to General Komar, and he knew very well what General 
Paskiewicz had written to me, and they told me that I am against 
Russia; that I am prowestern; that Modelski is a bad man, an agent 
of the United States and Great Britain; that in Poland, in all fields, 
it is going better and better and the people who are ruling Poland 
are the best Poles. He told me, "Because you are boss in the United 
States, it is of great importance." They told me, "You are doing the 
best things for Poland and you must be convinced of it." He tried to 
influence me this way. I answered that letter. I told him I was 
staying here. Afterward, General Komar wrote to me a very pleasant 
letter that he didn't know anything about my trouble with my deputy 
because all reports were sent to him. Afterward I blamed my 
deputy — he tried to get me back to Poland. 

Mr. Wheeler. Is this the letter you refer to? 

General Modelski. Yes; that is what I have answered. 

Mr. Wheeler- In other words, you felt that Komar was not sincere 
in writing this — that it was just his idea of getting you back to 
Poland ? 

General Modelski. Yes. He said, "You have written something 
with which we are not in accord. It is not a bad job you have done, but 
you must follow our instructions." In those letters they are trying 
to get an appeasement with me. He said, "Come back, all will be set- 
tled," and he told me I would have two weeks. 

Mr. Wheeler. Do you think if you went to Poland you would ever 
have returned to the United States ? 

General Modelski. No. 

Mr. Wheeler. What would have happened ? 

General Modelski. There would have been a trial. I would be 
accused of being an American agent, a Fascist. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be intro- 
duced into the record and marked "Exhibit 24." 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Exhibit 24" 
[Memo] 

MILITARY ATTACH^; AT THE EMBASSY OF THE POLISH REPUBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

GENERAL MODELSKI 

To be delivered personaUy [In liandwriting] 
Received on December 10, 1947 [In handvpriling] 
[Letter] 

Dear General : From General Paskiewicz I learned that your general disposi- 
tion leaves much to be desired. Information included in the letter to General 
Paskiewicz throws a new light on the relations prevailing in your office. 

I regret that I M'as not informed in detail concerning the situation while your 
deputy was in Warsaw. Still more, I am surprised that you, up to the present 
time, were silent concerning your relationship with your deputy since, as is evident 
from the letter, this situation was not created all of a sudden but has developed 
over a considerable period of time. 

I have not the slightest doubt that in your so responsible branch of work the 
strict execution of orders and directives of the superior, conscientious and 
unswerving discipline, and harmonious work of the entire unit are essential 
elements securing the proper functioning of the office of the Attache for the good 
of our army and country. 



'* See appendix, pp. 91-94, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 41 

After reading your letter, I have a clear idea that the created situation makes 
it impossible for you to work quietly and efficiently. Improper attitude and con- 
duct of Colonel Alef towards you, his superior, is obviously an inadmissible thing 
from the point of military discipline as well as the good of the service. Please 
believe me. General, that I will not fail to draw from the above a proper conclusion 
and will undertake proper steps in the future. You should not, however, be taken 
up too much with this whole matter, and I sincerely advise you not to take it to 
heart too seriously. 

I know that you have good intentions and the best will to serve the cause which 
we all are serving. We are approaching you with full trust, which we have other- 
wise several times expressed to you. 

The evaluation of your reports from the angle of our needs should not offend 
you. The purpose of this evaluation is to give you a possibility to direct the work 
of the office of the Attach^ in accordance with our urgent needs, which flow from 
the actually existing situation. It is difficult for me, in a short letter, to discuss 
the sum total of matters and problems which piled up during your absence for one 
year and a half from the country. I judge that the best thing would be if you 
would visit us for a couple of weeks. 

I am sure that your direct presence and personal many-sided explanation will 
•contribute lots of interesting and valuable material to all these problems, which 
can not be exhaustively reported and discussed in the official reports. 

We also will be able to discuss in general all the headaches and affairs of your 
office and, at this opportunity, we will settle definitely the question of the im- 
proper atmosphere of work in your office. 

I leave it up to you to decide whether you will take with you Colonel Alef. 

Thus, until we meet, I wish you all good luck. 

(Signature same as that in letters signed by KOMAR) 

P. S. — Of course, please send your work : "The United States, Russia, and 
Poland" and do it as soon as possible. 

Mr. Wheeler. When did you leave the Embassy, on what date ? 

General Modelski. On August 15, 1948. 

Mr. Wheeler. Were you given an official notice to return to Poland ? 

General Modelski. Yes; they told me because I have exchanged 
cablegrams with them, regarding my physical capacity — therefore, I 
will not return. 

Mr. Wheeler. Did they ever send you a communication stating that 
you were relieved from duty as military attache? 

General Modelski. They sent, perhaps, in June lO^S, that because 
I am so ill and not able to do my w^ork, they will give me illness leave 
to stay here, and another man, who was not mentioned, will take my 
place. I answered I would never accept it. 

Mr. Wheeler, "\\nio took your place? 

General Modelski. Major Olkiewicz. 

Mr. Wheeler. What do you know of Major Olkiewicz's back- 
ground ? 

General Modelski. He w^as an officer — he took part in the battle 
against the Germans. After the defeat in 1939, he was in a prison 
camp in eastern Prussia — a young officer, a Pole. 

Mr. Wheeler. Was he a Connnunist? 

General Modelski. In my opinion, yes; although when I asked 
him, he said, "I am a Pole, You must accept me." 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is undated, and marked "Secret." 
It bears no signature. I would like to have you examine this docu- 
ment and state whether or not it is a true photostatic copy of the 
original. 

General Modelski. Yes; it is so. It is a request for information 
from the Polish Government. 

Mr. Wheeler. Did it originate from General Komar? 



to 



42 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

General Modelski. It was sent because there was to be a conference, 
a peace conference, and they wanted me to perhaps prepare informa- 
tion for this. 

Mr. Wheeler. Did the document originate from General Komar? 

General Modelski. Yes; from Komar. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this document be intro- 
duced into the record, and marked "Exhibit 25." 

Mr. Wood, It is so ordered. 

Exhibit 25" 

Secret 
Copy No. — ' 
DESIRATA [Information Eequired] 

FOB THE MILITARY MISSION CONCERNING THE AFFAIRS OF THE PEACE CONFERENCE TO 
BE SUPPLIED BY THE POLISH AGENCIES ABROAD 

In connection with tlie approaching peace conference concerning the treaty 
with the Germans, for the purpose of preparing of material for the Military 
Mission in Paris, a Military Mission was established within the Chief Command 
of the Polish Army for the affairs of the peace conference. Besides the material 
available on the spot in Poland, the Mission needs some material from abroad, 
namely : 

(a) Information concerning the views of individual statesmen, politicians, 
and military leaders concerning our Western boundaries, stated officially or 
unofficially (at meetings, in the press or in social conversations). 

(b) Any observation on the subject matter made by leaders of political 
parties or representatives of political organizations, by scholars, journal- 
ists, or other i^ersons playing important roles in public life. 

(c) Articles or excerpts from the daily and the periodical press relating 
to the same question. 

(d) Books and publications treating of the question of post-war organiza- 
tion of Europe, with specific reference to Central Europe, and especially to 
the Polish-German relations. 

(e) All sources relating to German propaganda with regard to the shifting 
of our Western boundary or other problems of interest for our future. The 
most important thing is to find out the arguments which may be used by 
Germans on \]: - eve of the peace conference in the struggle concerning the 
boundaries, and the attempt to obtain for them better peace conditions. 

(f) Personal observations and impressions obtained in a given country 
on the basis of private conversations with persons having contact with politi- 
cal or military sources, or in any other way. 

(g) Information and material concerning the attitude of the above-men- 
tioned circles and persons concerning the settlement of the Polish-Czech 
frontier and, in general, concerning the problem of friendship of the Slavic 
nations and governments. 

In view of the importance and urgent need of this information and the need 
for an exhaustive report on the problems from all points of view (military, 
political, historical, and economic), the Military Mission for the affairs of the 
peace conference requests you to make all efforts to include in the information 
as much as possible of data on the above subject matter and to report them in 
the most urgent manner. 

Typed in 4 copies 

Copies ]-4-w/g (according to the order) 
Sporz. M. .7. 
Druk. B. I. 

Nr. dz. 30 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated January 24, 1947. It is 
a coded message to General Modelski from General Komar. It ap- 

'^ See appendix, p. 95, for photostat of original document. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 43 

pears to be a routine message wherein General Modelski is instructed 
to follow instructions precisely, and not to undertake on his own accord 
any action designed in any broader way. Mr. Chairman, I ask that 
this document be introduced into the record, and marked "Exhibit 26." 
Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

ExHiniT 26'" 

Subject to return to the Code Division within 48 hours 

Top Secret 

Making of any copies forbidden 

Copy No. — 

CODED MESSAGE NO. 62 

From : Warsaw ; sent, January 24, 1947 ; received, January 24, 1947. 
Taken by the Code Division : January 24, 1947, at 2200 o'clock. 

Gen. Modelski : In answer to your coded message of January 1.3 of this year, 
we advise you that in the matter of Western boundaries, the Potsdam Agreement 
is binding on us. 

The general outline of your action was given to you by Minister Olszewski. 

Please follow the instructions precisely and do not undertake on your own 
accord any action designed in any broader way. 

Gen. KoMAR. 

No. 743 

25.1.47 

Decoded January 25, 1947, at 1100 o'clock. 

Decoded by Broz. 

Mr. Wheeler. The next document is dated February 18, 1947, from 
the Polish Army to General Modelski, and bears the signature of Gen- 
eral Komar. It is stamped "Top secret." General Komar in this 
communication states that information he previously requested con- 
cerning the characteristics of the attaches of foreign countries and 
their personnel had not been complied with and requested that Gen- 
eral Modelski expedite the matter and send the material with the next 
mail. General Modelski, why did General Komar insist upon hav- 
ing information concerning attaches of foreign countries? 

General Modelski. Because in my opinion they wanted to know the 
customs and habits of people to approach them. We have many con- 
nections here, and I remember that perhaps Colonel Alef has acquain- 
tances with some. I am not speaking about behind the iron curtain, 
but Colonel Alef looked to get connection with some attaches from 
Latin America. Then they asked me to send all characteristics. In 
my opinion, he is very clever. 

Mr. Wheeler. In other words, General Komar wished to know if 
any of the attaches were favorable to the Soviet Government or Polish 
Government ; if so, they might be able to assist you in the future in 
acquiring information ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Chairman, I would like to introduce this docu- 
ment into the record, and mark it "Exhibit 27." 

Mr. Wood. It is so ordered. 



*« See appendix, p. 96, for photostat of original document. 



44 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

Exhibit 27" 

Polish Aemy Secret 

Chief Command Copy No. 1 

General Staff Division II 

No. 0S85/II 
February 18, 1947 

MILITARY ATTACH^ AT THE EMBASSY OF THE POLISH REPUBLIC IN WASHINGTON, 

MA J. GEN. MODELSKI 

1. In connection with the fact that our letter No. 0444/11 (circular letter No. 
10), concerning the characteristics of the Attache.s of foreign countries and their 
personnel, was not complied with thus far, please expedite the matter and send 
this material in the next mail. 

2. With the letter of December 20, 1946, No. 0134/A, we have sent the article 
by R. Sidorski under the title, "The Watch on the Oder and the Niesse" to be 
used in the press. 

In this connection, we expect from you a report on the results and ask you to 
send press clippings together with the reports. 

3. In addition to the letter No. 0571/11 of November 29, 1946, I advise you that 
up the present time, we have not received anything on this subject matter. 

I remind you of this matter and ask you to treat it as an urgent one. 
Chief of the Second Division of the General Staff of the Polish Army. 

(Signature) 

( — ) Komak, Brig. Ocn. 
Typed in 2 copies : 

Copy No. 1 — to the addressee 

" 2— a/a (for files) 
Sporz. M. Z. 13. 2. 47 r. 
Druk. B. I. Nr. dz. 11. 

Mr. Wheeler. Are you acquainted with Ignaee Zlotowski ? 

General Modelski. Yes. I understand his real name is Goldman or 
Goldberg. 

Mr. Wheeler. He is an atomic scientist, is that correct? 

General Modelski. Yes. He was at one time associated with Joliot- 
Curie. 

Mr. Wheeler. Joliot-Curie presently in charge of the atomic bomb 
project in France and is a self -admitted member of the Communist 
Party ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. Do you personally know Ignaee Zlotowski ? 

General Modelski. I met him here first, because before the war I 
had never heard of him. 

Mr. Wheeler. What was he doing here? 

General Modelski. He came here first as a deputy of the embassy. 

Mr. Wheeler. He was connected with the embassy ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Wheeler. Do you know if he was engaged in espionage on be- 
half of the Polish Government? 

(lieneral ]\1odelski. In my opinion, I am sure of that. 

Mr. Wheeler. Why? 

General Modelski. Because I am repeating what I have said before. 
My instructions excluded atomic bombs. There is no mention about 
that. 

Mr. Wheeler. You believe that Ignaee Zlotowski had charge of the 
unit attempting to acquire atomic information in the United States ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 



" See appendix, p. 97, for photostat of original document. 



] 

DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 45 

Mr. Wheeler. Do you believe tliis information was to be forwarded 
to Poland or to Russia directly? 

General Modelski. I am unable to answer, but there was opportunity 
to send it perhaps through to AVarsaw and to Russia. 

Mr. AVheeler. Did you report to the Army Intelligence your knowl- 
edge of Zlotowski? 

General Modelski. I informed the United States Intelligence that 
he is a Comnmnist and that he has come here not for a trip. 

Mr. Wheeler. You informed our Military Intelligence i 

General Modelski, Yes; that he is a scientist and that it is not a 
diplomatic trip ; that he is coming liere for some other purpose. I tried 
to speak with him, but it was impossible to speak as Pole to Pole. I 
have shown him my reports. 

Mr. Wheeler. Zlotowski read your reports? 

General IModelski. Yes ; because I wanted to know what his attitude 
might be toward the United States. 

Mr. Wheeler. What is his attitude ? 

General Modelski. I showed him some of 1113' reports and he is 
very eager ; afterwards he said it was untrue. 

Mr. Wheeler. In other words, his opinion was the same as Komar's 1 

General Modelski. The same line. 

Mr. Russell. Mr. Chairman, the committee is well aware of Ignace 
Zlotowski's activities in the United States, on which we have a detailed 
report. However, I would like to exclude the report from this hearing 
and present the information at a future hearing whicii will involve 
Mr. Zlotowski. 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Mr. Wheeler. Do you know any other individuals who engaged 
in espionage activities in the United States? 

General Modelski. Personally, I do not know as I refused to obey 
Colonel Komar's orders. 

Mv. Wheeler. Would you give the committee background informa- 
tion concerning Alef ? 

General Modelski. Alef hated Poland. He didn't consider himself 
a Pole. Before the war he told me he was born in Poland. I don't 
know if this is true, but he speaks Polish very well. Before the war 
he told me he was a soldier, but not an officer. 

]Mr. Wheeler. Did Colonel Alef attend any school in Moscow? 

General Modelski. I think so. 

Mr. Wheeler. Did he ever tell you the name of the school ? 

General Modelski. No; he never told me, but everyone who is sent 
for espionage must be prepared for it. 

Mr. Wheeler. Was he a member of the International Brigade in 
Spain? 

General Modelski. I don't know, but I know he went to Russia 
during the war when the Germans attacked Russia, and afterward 
came back. 

]\Ir. Wheeler. What year was that ? 

General Modelski. The war broke out in 1941. As I remember, he 
went to Russia and back to Poland. 

Mr. Wheeler. Would you say Alef was a spy, indoctrinated in 
Russia ? 



46 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

General Modelski. In my opinion, he was one of the most promi- 
nent. 

Mr. Wheeler. Was there any connection between Colonel Alef and 
other members of the satellite nations ? 

General Modelski. He very often visited the Russian, Yugoslavian, 
and Czechoslovakian Embassies. Colonel Alef was very sure of him- 
self ; he called you stupid Americans. 

Mr. Wheeler. Colonel Alef called us stupid Americans ? 

General Modelski. Yes; because it was so easy to obtain informa- 
tion. 

Mr. Wheeler. Did you ever have any political assignments other 
than here ? Were you ever an ambassador to another country except 
the United States, for the Polish Government ? 

General Modelski. Only to the Philippine Islands. 

Mr. Wheeler. When were you assigned to the Philippine Islands? 

General Modelski. In June 1946, and before that I was sent to 
London. That was my first assignment from that Government, head 
of a military mission to London. 

Mr. Wheeler. During the time you were in the Polish Army before 
the ca])itulation of Poland, did the Polish Army set up espionage units 
in foreign countries before the war, while you were in the Polish 
Army? 

General Modelski. In Germany, because we were going to war with 
them. 

Mr. Wheeler. When did you enter the Polish Army ? 

General Modelski. From the beginning 1918, I became a Polish 
soldier. 

]Mr. Wheeler. And you rose to the rank of general? AVhen did 
you officiall}^ leave, M'hat year? 

General Modelski. In 1926 when the Government changed hands 
and I was jailed. 

Mr. Wheeler. How long did you stay in jail ? 

General Modelski. I was arrested in 1926 during the coup d' etat. 

Mv. Wheeler. How long were you under arrest ? 

General Modelski. Not so long- — 3 weeks. 

Mr. Wheeler. What did you do after that? 

General Modelski. They asked me to be loyal to the new regime, 
and I refused. 

Mr. Wheeler. What happened then ? 

General JNIodelski. In 1928, in October, they released me from the 
army. 

Mr. Wheeler. What did you do after 1928? 

General Modelski. I was president of so-called General Haller 
Association. He vras commander of the Polish armies in France. 
I became president of former soldiers who fought beside the Allies. 

Mr. Wheeler. How long were you connected with that organiza- 
tion ? 

(jeneral Modelski. LTntil the outbreak of the war in 1939. 

Mr. Wheeler. What was your position when Germany invaded 
Poland? 

General Modelski. I was president of that association. 

Mr. Wheeler. After the partition of Poland, when did you become 
associated with the Communist-controlled Polish Government? 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 47 

General Modelski. Shortly after the Teheran and Yalta Confer- 
ences. 

Mr. Wheeler. Is the exiled Polish Government presently in Lon- 
don? 

General Modelski. It is existing now although the United States 
and Great Britain withdrew recognition. It is now recognized by 
five countries. 

Mr. Wheeler. What countries recognize the exiled Polish Govern- 
ment ? 

General Modelski. Spain, Ireland, Cuba, Syria, the Vatican, and 
Lebanon. 

Mr. Wheeler. How long were you associated with the present 
Polish Government ? 

General Modelski. Lentil I resif^ned from the Polish Embassy in 
Washington, D. C, because I could no longer be affiliated witli the 
Communist-controlled Polish Government. 

Mr. Wheeler. In your opinion, why do you think the Communist- 
controlled government drafted you to the important position you held i 
I feel that the position of military and air attache in the United States 
is probably one of the highest positions the Polish Government has to 
offer. 

General Modelski. Shortly before the war broke out, I publicly 
announced that it was necessary for Poland to aline itself with the 
Western Powers and Russia, against our common foe, Germany. 
Therefore, when the Russian Government actually took over Poland, 
they considered that I could be trusted because of my previous stand 
before our entry into the Second World War. 

Mr. Wheeler. During that time you were advocating appeasement 
with the Russians, and you later discovered that appeasement was 
impossible? 

General Modelski. Yes; that is true. 

Mr. Wheeler. And your primary purpose was for the defeat of 
Germany ? 

General Modelski. Yes ; because of the fact that I knew that we were 
to fight Germany. 

Mr. Wheeler. When you arrived in the United States you turned 
all your information over to the Military Intelligence? 

General Modelski. Yes. At once. 

Mr. Wheeler. And you cooperated with the United States Govern- 
ment fully from the time you arrived, and you still are cooperating? 

General Modelski. That is true. 

Mr. Wheeler. Are you now actively engaged in the so-called resist- 
ance movement against the government now in Poland? 

General Modelski. I am not engaged in a resistance movement, and 
I am not a friend. I am looking in the past to the Government prior to 
1926. I fought against the exiled Polish Government then. As a sol- 
dier I will forget all that happened before. 

Mr. Russell. General Modelski, we have entered 27 documents into 
the official record. Have you examined the photostatic copies of all 
27 documents ? 

General Modelski. Yes. 

Mr. Rl\ssell. And they are phostostatic copies of the original Polish 
documents which 3'ou retained in your jiossession after you left the 
Polish Embassy? 

89.349 O — 19 4 



48 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

General Modelski. That is true. 

Mr. Russell. Mr. Chairman, I suggest that the English translation 
of the documents be entered into the text of the hearing and that the 
photostats of the original documents in the Polish language be attached 
to the record of the hearing as an appendix. I also request that a bio- 
graphical sketch of Gen. Izyador Modelski, Ignace Zlotowski, Lt. Col. 
Gustaw Alef-Bolkowiak, Brig. Gen. AVaclaw Komar, Marshal Mik- 
hail Rola-Zymierski, Maj. Gen. Marjan Spychalski, Bronislaw Kon- 
stantine (alias Bill K. Gebert, alias Boleslaw Konstanty Gebert, alias 
Boleslaw Gebert), Leo Krzyski, and Gen. Karol Swierczewski, be en- 
tered into the official record. 

Mr. Wood. So ordered. 

Mr. Russell, Mr. Chairman, this concludes the hearing at the 
present time. 

(Whereupon, at 12: 30 p. m., the special subcommittee adjourned.) 

(By permission of the chairman, certain sections of General Model- 
ski's testimony have been deleted and are being retained in the execu- 
tive files of the committee.) 



APPENDIX 



(As ordered bv tlie chairman, the appendix contains biographical 
sketclies of Dr. ifjnace Zlotowski, Lt. CoL Giistaw Alef-Bolkowiak, 
Brig. Gen. Waclaw Koniar, Marshal Mikhail Rola-Zymierski. Maj. 
Gen. Marion Spychalski, Bronislaw Konstantine (alias Boleslaw Ge- 
bert, alias Bill K. Gebert), Leo Krzycki, and General Karol Swier- 
czewski, and the exhibits introduced in the attached testimony, 

Genkrai, IzYAnoR Rudolf Modelski 

Personal data : Born May 10. 1888, Lwow, Poland. 

Education: (Jraduate, University of Lwow, Doctor of Philosophy, 1916; grad- 
uate, Superior Military College. 

CAREER 

1014-17: Was in Polish Army and active in the campaign against Czarist 
Russia. 

1!»17-1S: Meniher of Polish underground in Warsaw. Collaborated with Gen- 
eral Tadeusz Rozwadowski and Colonel Wladyslaw Sikorski in an uprising 
against tlie Germans and Austrians tiien occupying Poland. 

]l>lN-2(»: As a lieutenant colonel in the victorious Polish Army and a com- 
mander of tlie 7J)th Infantry Regiment, he fought against the Soviet invasion of 
Poland. 

1!)2(>-2N : When Marshal Pilsudski assumed leadership of Polish Government 
in May 1926 by a coup d'etat. General (then Colonel) Modelski remained loyal 
to the former government and was arrested and jailed by Pilsudski and released 
shortly thereafter. He was dismissed from the Army in 1928. 

1929-39: Head of the Association of General Haller's Veterans. 

1939-48 : Joined (Jeneral Sikorski in France and was appointed Deputy Min- 
ister of National Defense of the Polish Government in France. Fought on the 
French front *is a divisional commander and was evacuated to England from 
Dunkirk. While in England, served in various capacities for the Polish armed 
forces. In 194;i he retired from the Polish Army in England. In July 1945, left 
England and returned to Poland. In November 1945 he was appointed chief of 
a Polish military mission to England for the repatriation of Polish troops. 
Returned to Poland in December 1945. In February 1946 he was appointed 
Polish Military Attache to the United States. On August 15, 1948 he resigned as 
Polish Military Attach^ and remained in this counti'y. 

Dr. Ignace Zlotowski 

I'ersonal data : P>orn May 20, 1907, Warsaw, Poland. 

Education : Graduate in cliemical engineering. Polytechnic Institute, Warsaw, 
1930 ; doctor in technical .sciences. Polytechnic Institute, Warsaw, 1934. 

Languages : Russian, German, French. 

Publications : Numerous scientific studies in Polish, French, Czech, British, 
and American journals ; contributor to the National Academy's "Annual Tables 
on Physical Constants" (Princeton, N. J.). 

CAREER 

1930-33: Instructor, Polytechnic In.stitute, Warsaw. 

1933: Research work. Radium Institute, Warsaw. 

1934-8(5: Collai)orated with Madame Curie and, after her death, with her 
daughter Irene, at Radium Institute, Paris. 

193(>-38: Collaborated witli Mr. and Mrs. Joliot-Curie at Laboratory of Nuclear 
Chemistry, College of France, Paris. 

49 



50 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 

1937-31): Associate professor in physical chemistry and nuclear physics, Uni- 
versity of Warsaw. 

193S-30 : Research work :siagnetic Institute, Academie des Sciences, Bellevue, 
France. 

108n-4(»: Research work, Centre National de la Recherche Scientitique Ap- 
pliquee, Paris. 

1940 : Research work, Oentre de Documentation, Ministere de I'lnstruction 
Publique, Paris. 

1941-42 : Research assistant. University of Minnesota. 

1942-44 : Assistant professor, Vassar College. Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

1942-4(5: Professor, Ecole labre des Hantes Etudes, New York. 

1943 : Attached to electrical engineering department. Ohio State University. 

1944-4B : Professor, Ohio State University, July 1944 to .January 1, 1946. 

194(i : Clnef American section. Foreign Ministry, Warsaw, .July; alternate del- 
egate. United Nations General Assembly, second part of first session. New York, 
October. 

(The latest information the committee has regarding Dr. Zlotowski is that he 
is in Poland.) 

Lieutenant Colonel Gustaw Alef-Bolkowiak 

I'ersonal data : Born February 8, 1916, Lwow, Poland. 

True name : Aleksiei (Jvseevich FRUMKIN. 

Served as Foreign Liaison Officer in the Polish Army under General Zymierski. 

Officer of the NKVD ; was active in the part of I'oland occupied by the Soviets 
in 1989. In 1942 or 1943, was paracluited into Poland as an organizer of the 
Communist underground activities. He was appointed as a Lieutenant Colonel 
in the Soviet-sponsored Polish Army and, as Colonel Alef, was in charge of the 
Foreign Section of the Polish General Staff, organizing agencies of the Military 
Attaches at the Warsaw Government's legations and embas.sies abroad. 

Left Poland on December 11, 194."», for England, and subsequently vi.sited 
Prance, Germany, and Italy for conferences with Polish liaison officers and rep- 
resentatives of the War.saw Government. Also visited Palestine during this 
assignment. 

When in Palestine, Colonel Alef represented himself as an official of the Poli.sh 
Government. lie presented himself as a hero of the fighters of the Warsaw 
Ghetto during the German occupation. 

He pretended in Palestine that he was active in the Jewi.sh underground under 
the pseudonym "Bolek," but Jewish underground leaders from Warsaw, who 
are now in Palestine, denied his participation in the Warsaw Ghetto under- 
ground ; later he was recognized by some Jewish refugees from Polaiul as former 
NKVD offi<'er. The Jewish press in Palestine dentmnced him as a "represent- 
ative of the NKVD" aiul his mis.sion to Palestine ended with a discredit to the 
Warsaw government. 

On February 26, 1946. was appointed Assistant Military Attache of the Polish 
End)assy in Washington, D. C., where he remained until March 8, 1948, when 
he departed for Poland. He was then appointed Polish Military Attache in 
Belgrade, Yugoslavia. 

Brigadier General Waclaw Komar 

Head of the Polish Intelligence of the General Staff, aiid a former commander 
of the 129th International Brigade in Spain. 

No other information is available at this time on General Komar. 

Marshal Michal Rola-Zymierski 

Personal data : Born September 4, 1890, Krakow, Poland, son of railroad con- 
ductor. 

I]ducation : Completed studies in middle school and studied law and political 
economy at Jagiellonski University of Krakow. 

career 

1911-14: Reserve officer in Austrian Army. 

1914: Active duty in Austrian Army. 

1916: Joined Polish Legions, commanded Second Brigade. Changed original 
name of Lyzwinski to Zymierski. 

1920: Fought in war against Russia, commanded Second Infantry Division of 
Polish Army. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYAQOR MODELSKI 51 

15)21 : Contimied military studies in Paris. 

1924 : Accepted post of Vice-Miiiister of War under Sikorski. 

1926: Rebelled ajcainst Pilsudski. Sentenced to seven years' imprisonment. 

1930 : Released from pris(m. 

1930-39: Resided in Paris. 

1939: Returned to Poland and eventually joined tbe partisan movement as a 
private. 

1944: Named Conuniinder-in-Chief of Polish Armed Forces and Minister of 
National Dc'fense by tbe Lublin Provisional (iovernment, with rank of full Gen- 
eral. 

194."» : Decreed a Marshal in May 194;"). Named Minister of War of tbe new 
Government of National Unity in June 1945. Reportedly visited Russia in 

1944, 194"), and 194S. Visited Yugoslavia in October 1946. 

Majob Genekal Marion Spychalski 

Personal data : Born December 6, 1909, Lodz, Poland, son of workman father 
and peasant mother. 

Education: Degree of Engineer, Warsaw Polytechnic. 

CABEER 

Prior to World War II was Chief of Planning Section of Municipality of 
Warsaw. 

1941 : Fought in underground movement. 

1942 : Chief of Staff, People's Army, with rank of colonel. 

1944: Mayor of Warsaw. In November 1944, headed Polish delegation to 
Moscow. 

1945: Promoted from colonel to brigadier general in February 1945. In March 

1945, appointed Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Polish Army for political educa- 
tion. Pre.sent at signing of Soviet-Polish Treaty of Friendship in Moscow in 
April 1945. In July 1945, promoted from brigadier general to major general. 

1946 : Named First Vice-Minister of National Defense. 

Bronislaw Konstantine (Alias Boleslaw Konstaniy Gebert, Alias Boleslaw 

Gebert, Alias Bill K. Gebert) 

Personal data : Born July 22, 1894. Tatrowy, Poland. 

CAREiai 

Member of National Committee, Communist Party of the United States. 

Vice-President, International Workers' Order (TWO), New York; resigned 
August 11, 1947. President, Polonia Society (IWO), resigned August 11, 1947. 

1947: Founder and editor, Glos Ludowij (People's Voice), Detroit, Michigan. 
Left United States for Poland, August 16, 1947. Secretary, Central Committee, 
Polish Trade Unions (KCZZ), Warsaw, appointed November 1947. 

1948 : Member, Organizational Committee, Eighth Polish Trade Union (^ongress, 
Warsaw, January 3, 1948. Visited Stockholm, Sweden, to study Swedish labor 
conditions. Alternate delegate. United Nations General Assembly, Third Session, 
Paris, France, September 1948. 

1949: Deputy Secretary General, World Federation of Trade Unions, elected 
February 1, 1949, Warsaw, Poland. 

Leo Krzycki 

Personal data : Born August 10, 1881, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Presently resides 
at 3360 South 37th Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
President, American Slav Congress. 
Additional information on Leo Krzycki will be supplied at a future hearing. 

General Karol Swierczewski 

A Soviet citizen and member of the NKVD. He was known as "General Walter," 
as commander of a brigade in the Spanish Civil War. General Swierczewski 
was appointed by the Soviet Government as an officer in the Moscow-sponsored 
Polish Army. After his return from the United States he was killed by partisans 
in Poland. 



I^OJSKO POLSKit 



T a j B t 



Igs.Hr^. 






DU ATTACHE «)JSKO«GO PRZT IIIBASADZIE R.P. W msZWGTOHIE. 



Polonia Staii6w Z]«dnooEoo7oh. 



1. Stwierazl6 1 obs^rwomi dsiaialBoiA polskloh orgaaisaeji 
w Stanaoh Zjednoceoayoh. SsoK«g61nl« obt«r«Dini6 poprzas 
awoich "r«zydent6w* polski« ornnisaoja raakoyjne, matali6 
ieh 3:%esaoi6 c podobnyal kolani Loadrou i stwierdzi6 ioh 'z\ 
Slady doprowadzaj^oa do Folski, ]ak drag! prz«rstt«ania agan 
t6w 1 dyimrsantdw. 



2. Za poaoo% Indzl oddanyoh id«l dsookratjezna] atrzyiqTii&d kon 
takt % polikiol vr^uoizaojaai deaokrat/asaTml, pedtrzyny- 
«a£ ich mlkf przceinko raakcji eniarzajito do stworzania 
damokratyoznago bloku aalaj Poioxdi. Ako]a uiirladaadaj^oa 

1 propagandoM. viima zdeBaakoiiafi pelltfkf kliki aaigraeyj- 
&®i» g^7^ * jaj rfkaoh Poloxda jaat przadniotaa gry polityei 
nej przeoiwko Rzi(doiri Jsdnoiel Napodomj. niinyD aonentaa 
•m pozysk&niu Polonii dla nas jast odiwieianle paal^ei Tada^ 
ttsza Koioiuszki. V tya roku obahodsona 200-na x^osalea oro- 
dzin bohatara Pol ski i Aaeryki. '' 

3, Obsapwonad dzialalno»6 polakich organizaeji takieh |ak 
P.C.K. i r6*na Pundusza Spolaczna. Okra§li6 ich ateswiak do 
Polaki i k6i anigraoyjnyefa . Dok%d 1 Jakioi sposobaai roz- 
prowadza sif fundaaza. 

4.. Stwiardzi£ zamiary organlzaoji Bi9dzyiuu>odoiiyoli /UNRRA i 
I.M.C.A./ w stosunku do Polski, 

5. Stwiepdzi6 stosunak 8tan6w Zjadnoozonyoh 1 rdioyoh ugrupo- 
mdi polityoznyoh do polskich organizaeji demokbatyeznyeb 1 
reakoyjnyoh. Ich stopiali i foray podtrzyaynania dzia];aliid* 

-- 3ci polskiaj raakoji. 

6. L\czQ0^6 polakich organizaeji ' raakoyjnyeh w Stanaoh Zja- 
dnoozonyoh z klike^ wojskom^ Andaraa /dciai:lnoi6 biiira infor' 
aaoyjnago Matuszawskiago/. I 

7. Okroillid i obaariioiia6 atosunak finansjary anaryka&akiaj do 
Polonii i Kitaju. 

8. Poru8zy6 opinif amaryka^ilct). i Polonii ttstpplinoioi^ asarykan 
skieh wiadz okupacyjnyoh w Niamczaoh. Duiy odsatak wladz 
okapaeyjnych - to byli aaigranci niamiacoy. Pod ioh przykry- 
oiaa prasa niaoiaoka w aaarykaiiakiaj atrafia okupacyjna^ 



53 



54 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



Odbito w 2-H3h e^. 
■" """ 7 I.- SaFe*. 

- 2.- */a 
SporB. 18.3.46 r. 



prowadal sdeoydowwi^ kaopanif antypolski^. 
9. Bi»r^c 8» podBUwg Hot§ R8%au Polskiego t dnla 14.2.46 r. prze- 



. , I inaych polskioh J«dnodtek jtoJ 
kowycii. SpeojAlnla podrefili6 naleiy. i« jest niedopuszczalnym 



8kft Foi8ki«go. 

10. Z*p«»nl6 8obl« BoinoSfi otrsynymnia poufnycK uydawnictV politycz 
nych 8zoB«g6lzii« wydawanyoii przee Polonip, 

W c«lu tdobycia informacji odnoSnie powytszych kwsstii zorgani- 
EOind odpoT»iedni«i aled infonn&cyjna w slupiskach emippacii i 
aiedzibaoh polsklch organizacji. I^korzystad tpzeba w pienizym 
rcfdzie nastppuHce organizacje deaokratyczna : 

a/. ijEsrykaisko-Rjlska Bada Piracy, kt6p«j prazesem jaat czlo- 
nek partii socjallstycznej I R Z Y C K I Leon, 

b/. Stowarzyszenie Poloni przy l^igdBynarodoiiyin Ziriazku Robot- 
nik6w - prezes G E B E R T Boles iaw, 

o/. 'Liga XoloittSEkowafca" s siedzib^ w DETROIT /Miobieaiv', 

4/, longres laerykafiskich Slowian, 

Powyisze opganizac^e nie zamykaj^ listy organizacji demokratycz- 
nych, ktdpe s% lojalnle ustostmkowane do Rzq,du JednoSci Narodowej 
Dla uzyskanla pelnego oswietlenia dziaialnoiici Ul emigracvjno-re 
akcyjaych trzeba obowii^zkoiio mied oiroich inf ormato*6w w ty<5hze 
organizaojach jak: 
•/, Zwi^eek Harodowy Polaki, poaiadaji^cy i^cznos6 t elementami 

sanacyjnymi w Pol see, 
b/. Zjednoczenie Polekie Rzymsko-Iatolickie, 
c/, Inne opganizacje korzystaj^ce z poparcia wpiywowej czgsci 
kolonii polskiej w Ameryce. 
Celem wniknigoia w uplywowe stoTOrzyszenia amerykaBskie i zaintere 
aowania poszczeg61nycH grup ppoblemem Polski nalezy wyfcorzystai 
eleaenty opozycyjne w stosunku do obecnego prezydonta. 
Dla uzyakania rozleglyoh infonaacji Attache zorganizuie sie6 "pe- 
zydentdw* na ktdrych, nakiada obowi^zek dobpania agentow. 
Attache lajskony nie kontaktuje aig bezpoi§pednio z agentani. 




(OWONVN 



iekd ZymlBrski 






DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSK] 55 



WOJ^I^O POL8KIE 



Igs. Kr. 



EdiiPinNCJA(a i zakrbsis dziaialncsci attachk wojsEonoo 

PRZT AUBASASZII H.P. W lASZTNOTONIB. 



1. AttaoM WoJBkowy pray lmb«aadzl» R.P, w Waaiyngtonl* pedl«ga 

w sakr««l« rsprtztatMjl I wy«t»pl«n polltycznyoh Ambasadorewi 

R*F« 

Att««M WoJ«ko«7 Jaat dorado* Ambaaadora H.P. « zakraaia apraw 

wojakowybb. 

2. Attaeh« fojakovy klaruja oalokaEtaltaa prao w sakraal« przedata 
wlolalatwa voiiakowago na taranla Stanow ZJednoezonyoh, 

a przas mw^^ 1-g© z-e^ przygotowu^e nawl^zanla koataktu z 
KaHad»t Argaotyna i BB««yIi», gdzlf zoataaa walanl Attaob6 

5. AttaoW f4iko«> przaz»yoi«ia trvdaoaol bezpoarediiiaj komunlkaoj 
Attaohatow poazozagolnych' panatw po'lnoonaj i poludnlowaj Am©- 
rykl z Krajaa i jaat^odpowledzialny, by w zadanlacb kurleralcloh 
Bia poalugiwano ai4 arodkaml obeyoh mlajl dyplonatyoznyoh. 

4, Attach* Wojakoay wykonuje przez avego 1-go z-c^ naat^pujaca pra^ 
oa» 

- kontroluje priaoa Attacb* Wojakowago w Meksyku, 

- zaopatruja tan Attaohat w materlaly z Kraju, 

- zblora 1 przakazuja koraapondanoja tago Attaohatu. 

*• f'S^rftkla aiaja dyplonatyozne ^dalagowaae do Amaryki PolnoCBaj 
>i Poladniowaj bQda przajaidiao prtax Waazyngton, udaj^e ale na 
miajaea przaznaczenla. 
Attach*; 

- Bawiaie koBtakt z Attache Wojakowym przydzielonym do 
tych Bia^i, 

a pfrzaz avago z-09. 

- da poBzozagolnyra Attach* operatyane Inatrukcja, korzy- 
•tajao z doawiadczania, jakie uzyakal, przygotowujao 

w tych kraJBOh taran dla prapy Attaohatu, 
- uatali apoBob kontroli pracy, 

- uatali apoe^ korespondaneji. 

6. Attache Wojakowy w WaazyagtoBle wapoipracuja jaknajaclelej z 
l-«zym z-o», aby w razie nieobeoaiaoi Attach* ten oatatnl mogl 
go zastqpowac. 



ih.m./^U 



^e^Oivp 



aaNNtai «Mtioirr 



2-oh ecz. 



Sgz. Nr 1 - adrea 
" " 2 - a/a 



Sporz. 13.3.46 r. 
-— . A.L, 



IcVy Z»ie»ef»kl 

iMMMMaMiaa 



56 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR AlODELSKI 



W548K6 POtSKIl 



Soiil® t a 



'-,MrA, 






.J,:I.5V.:? ;HvU; K: a *r :4:,/S»S3g63:»WV 



DiA kmmm »&pie««s«> p^^r *®ASAJixts i»p« k msmw^mrm 



Hiniajase instrsacoje /sssazagdZowe/, wyians dla Attach^ 

wladowczej t p©3a|% zs^&SKlesie Iweatiii « ktoryoh nsls&y iaformo- 
wac Ii«gi OaaziaJ S!!!it,Sea«f,K loaaja rSwiieSs niejctfira n»6tody 1. 
tormy prowads«nia wywiaiiu.* M©*oay i forijsy SzlAlainofeoi Attach^ 
Wojatowego bf d% ttzale&niona jpd waarunkdH sa^oy^ sytumjji we'.«iftra 
nej Kraju 1 osobis^yoli waloy6w ,wykomwoy. , 



i.YJis , mm%^m3% mmm :,zjii>aoazoirYaH« 



SiXy Zbro.1»» St 



.. I t n lot 



1/ Osolna ilofec formao ji lotniczyoh 1 tch dyslokac ja, boJo«y 
i ilosciowy stan fortaaoji /ludsl i aprzfttt/ a/ w/g statu, 

• . ly Stan f^jrtyczii 

;/ -Xypy samolotuw pozostsj^ych na uzbrojenla formsc,ii lotnt- 
oayoh i Ich. eliarairtsrystyka a/ konstruJcoyjn'. ^ 

V bojowa,, 
Ilob6 samolotdw 1-ej i 2»e,1 llnil. 

':,/ Moallwoboi potanoja.lne rowoju form 

a/ mats 

V pro 

Ilobo t kierunsX exportju samolotow, i 



/ Dyslokaoja zasatoicsych i i 
Hie teehiiicJane : % €ms&±%T: 



;owyoli lotnl: 



loii wyoegaza- 



;,/ Spo36b iiaagBe3»iaMa- persofela i s^koi lotniosyoh^ program 
i olcres nauM, 

5/ Iiotntctwo cywllne. 

7/ •^o.ie tyyy saajolotew, 

S/ Iiov;<,j ifynalazki teol-iniosne 2 zaTcresu lotniotpja, pokladowe 1 
^actowe w szcKSgoliio^cl: dane taohniczxie 1 rozmlar zastoso- 
^plnla.rsidsruj kiero'Hattie przy polhooy xeclla s laSii po^s^-yti- 
oaych i cnXyoh esi:adr gsraolotdw bea pllot6w. 



.-Jegulaainy "bo jov*a 



lotniotwa 2 lnn:TO!l ro- 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 57 



- 2 - 



EXHIBIT 3 



B. f o 3 s'k a 1 % do V* e 



1, Ma^hota ; stan liozbowy, dyslokacja, organizaoja, re^u] 
"bojowe, 8t«ta ognis, stan -rtyaiakolenla uzbrojenie, stan ao 



w ogolnych siiach «bro3nych, czy iatniaje tendencja zwigk- 
szenla tej roll i iloiiOiov/ego rozszerzenj.a sif plachoty - 
tandenoja odwrotna czy tei status quo, 

2, Artyleria I'wojsia panceme. 



(rganizacja, dyslOicacna stan wysskoxanla, rei:.?ulJ:mjjay bo- 
Dowe, uzbrooenle /dane teohniozne, bojorm, oharajctery-.tykra 



Sola i znaozsnie artylerii 1 wojslc pancarnyoh w pgolnycn 
3l2ach zbrojnych, czy Istnieje tandenoja zwifkszania wa^;! 
i znaczenla tych brpni w atosunku do innych - tendancja 
od»¥rotna ozy te£; status quo. 

5. Wojslca sapetskie 1 iecznobcl. 



organizaooa, sxan wyszicolenla, v<yjx)3azenie teconiczne, cha- 
rakterystyka sprz§tu. Ozy istniejs tendencja rozszarsenin 
czy te* ZEiniejszenla roll i Hobci tych v7ojsk w otxfilnych 
siiaoh zbrojnych, 

4. Siuiiba sanitarna. 



rganlzacja, nowa matod,''? leosenia i.t.d. 



0, Marynarka wo jenn a. 



1. Ogdlna charakterystyka floty wo.1enna3 /i>odKodne.j i nadwod- 
> nej/. 

2, !rona^ f loty w roku bie&eoym» Straty ponieslone vf caasia 
wo3ny, 

5, Hot 6 jednostek bojov-zych w/g kst'^gorii - wj'pornoric, nazvfa 
1 klasa okrft6v«. 

4. Orgsnizacja jetoostek marynarki '."m.-fennej. 

5. Zasadnlcza bazy morskle floty vvojennej 1 oliaraktarystylca, 

6. Stooznle - tsahniczne wypnsaKenie, ilocc dokow, loh not.no^i. 

7. Plan budowy nowych Jadnostsk floty, 

3), Jednostki chemicsne. 



L. Orsaniaacja i dyslokacja jadnoatsk chsmicanych, 

2« I'ypy u^yR'ane^Q uzbro jenia i ich n5.au Jawnl one «3-.at.oi',-;ot,ci 

bo jowa . ' 

3'. iro?(© wynaiazki broni. cheT:ici;nych, ich oharair 
■ na obarakter przyszia^ vio.iny. 

S. WysKkolanis po2a vv o j s k o vs e 






1. Wyszkolenie wojskowe w szkoXach i innych instytuc jach, V-o- 
gram szkolenla, jaka vi&'jf- P^?';'":''ada sig szkolaniu bojona-mi 
w caloksztaXoie prosroKsu ucvselni. 



58 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



2, Kola 1 organiaac ^a iiaodaisMw® o oaax 
v?i8k QzZatak&fi ± llcsebnosd: a*s«yGh org; 

i'. A r ft t a t a r y t o r :l 



1, Sposob usapelaianla armli torytorialj 
leu, teraia gittsSfey. 

2. Dysloicacla i awmeraoja 3etoost':i''"' 
. Uzbro 3ania. 1 jMsalom KSfysskolani.' 

Us-tr6j i adffiinlalixaote. 



1. U3tr63 polityozay /wliadze paiistwows/, 

2, Hacsalna wiadza ustaviodr—" - -' —•' -qz' 

■jt irawo wyboroae. 

4, Podi?ia2: admlnistraoyjay, '.. ,:^ ..,..<.,.-»-.. ..,»,-<{. 

5. IlOBc oziotik6w « parlatsenoie /izba Hepresfaatantdw i Se- 
naV. * 

6» ZakX88 dalaialnosoi : Sakretsrsy Stanu, Sa&u Ife ;ii'sy&aze«d , 
itbngres«, ■ " 

7. Stosxmek poszeMgdlayoh wsrstw ludnoi,c ,i, 

8. Saspriska na;Jwainle3szyoh przeastawioieli wXads^ paastvsowyoh, 

9. Politycgna praw« ludmo&ci, 

Sytuacia wd.me-ti-ana. 



1. rrzepiay. prawns, regulup^ce aycie ooy«aT;eil. 

2. ^Tate lia(toeSi$ rsafuje na ogl»»zanle ustsne i rozporze^dzen, 

3. Ifastrojs 1 poglaAy polityozaaa poszozagdlnj/ch «arstw lud- 
nosai,-'; : •.. 

4-. Handel , system pianlgiiny , apakulac ja, 

5. Oeny rydMowa t komeroylne. 

6. Strajki, aftmoii^tracjd, wypadki « 1 ;Jaic im a;ie rsaguje rziid. 

7. Partis poidtyczna, foJfraa rozgrywtk polltycsnyoh, W|>1:ywy .: 
partli na ludr : 

3xan akonoMcaay i £i03i;;.-,.rcsy. 



1, Bosaotwa natorftiae, jsaisoby, rocane 
cisaale ilr6d@i bogaotw aa-6»xa1lny«h. 

5. ao2w6j fo3«oss«g6lnyoh i^fs;. '>:c*«. 



>. Hoozay 



1» -Gldwae igaliais i 





DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



59 



- 4 - 



6. Budowa nowj-oh zakiaddw przeraysZowyoh /szczegdlnie .vo j: 
' Irowyoh/. 

7. Ulepszenia tec.hnic'.:ne 'w przemjrfcle, 

8. Wysiiki konstruktorow, lnstytut6w natikoviyoh 1 labora- 
torl6w. 



1, Os'iaszanla ]x>t,jczek pai;stwow.vch. w jakim oelu, na jaktch 



2, 8pos6b rozproviadzenla bon6w po6yozkowyoh w spoieozenst-.Tla, 
5. Jak reaguje spoleczeastwo na ogZaszsnle posjyo^ak. ■ 
4. Iioterle fantowe i pianigane. 



oziom oy«lltzao3 



ifczaje i obyozaje. 



1, jPrasoigtna umle^ftnobd oBj'tanla i plsanla. System nau- • 
ozanla, Uczelnie - iloed sluahaozy, 

2, Wydawnlotwa, Nastawieale polltyozne w llteratur^e. nusy- 
o« i filmie, 

3, Stopa 4yciowa ludnoboi. 

4, Porroy tcwarzyskle h feyciu prywatnym i miajsoach publicz- 
nyoh. , 

5, Wyznanle, zawterania 2i'»iQzk6« ssaiiiejiskioh, roz>.ody. Stov;- 






Swoboda poruszania sie w iCralu. 



1. 2arzg.daEenia i us-fcasfvy, regulu;5ap8 poruszanie si^ w Kra.-ju. 



';. Bokamanty potraebna w podr&zaoh wavm^ti-z w kraju i ?j wy 

padku wyjazdu zagranicg. 
.:', Sj>o36b BSbywanla dokumant6w podr6^y /np: bilety/ i ich 

oony, 
•!-. Eontrola v»3:adz 'kolajowyph 1 towarayatw okrftovvyoh. Roz- 

kZad jazdy pooi^fiw dsobowych na najfmiaiie.iszych liniach. ' 
-. Frzeohowalnia bagaiiu, bagai^owl, restauracje, hotele - ■' 

spos6b poatfpowania, 
6. S-pos&b postgpowania z nadanlam poozty, telesramu, tale- 
■ fonu i.t.p. 

Warunki -oobyta cudsoziemodw. 



1. Og61na llot6 oud2ozJ.emc6w, 

'. Saatawlenla i post^powania wa:adz w stosunku do cudzo- 
zieao6H, loJi «rs»Kn politycsjue, Ha3c2§8ole3 uprawlajoe 

sawody, 
. Stosunek wiac, ,. ,„oa:eczei.stwa do poszczesdlnych naro- 
dowoeoi, 
T»>kua»8n-fcy osobistt 1 sezflfa5«-i<^f^A na zaadeszkanie. Spoa6b->. 

4t otr«yaaiii«, : - ■■ ■'■ 

-Sliwosol B»'>'9''-'^-*"'^-^'»-aia t,,^.. < '' i pracy dla cudzq- 

ea»o6w, 
,«os6b otr&y ■ •>•<.•-;'■< .■H-..v.-^vie j ^^a qu_ 

Jllwoaci otwaroia przedeieMorstwa. n»«aaynu. warsztatu i.t.t). 



iOi 1 poatfpoHanle 



;u otwareia wyiaj wspoa^ 



. / . 



60 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



- 5 - 

nlSBajroh «ak3:ad6w 41a obymttell i cudzozieBodw. 
Abonamenty radiowe. 



1. farujiki Kabjroia i kotzjrstania z apaxato^ ra<aio»fyoh. 

2. IloBC radioabonantdw sposoby 1 warojaldL rejastraojl, 
warunici odbioru i naddwania na wiasnyoh aparataoh. 

5. I1ob6 9zk6Z radlowyoh, tarmin nauki. jakloh faohowo6w 
szkol?j. Warunici przyj^la dq szk6i. oLLa objwateli 1 ou- 
dzo2ieiao6w. 



POtlTYKA ZAGRANIOZHA, 



1, TendenojB w polityce miigaisyjiarodowej i oriantacje posz- 
czagoluyoh politykdw. 

2, Uklady migdzynarodowe /jawns l.tajne/ o charalrterzs poli- 
tycznym 1 viojskowym oraa ekonomicanym* 

5. Stoplec. zainteresowsnia posz<5zeg6liiyoh warstw apoJrecz- 
nych politjfk^ zagranio za^, 

4. Wply^'iy i zaletootoi polityki innyoh' paostw. /Angli±.Z3HR 
i.t.a./, 

5. Polityka kolonialna, 

6. Alcfedytovxanie oboyoh przedsitawloielstw mis 31, Zonfersnojt? 
prasowe . 

7. liredyty o znaceaniu akonomicznyra i wojskowym, udzielano 
innym paistworo - wysokoso , tsmdjn 1 warunki splaty. 



fWOHZBNIB HEZTOSNTOR 






QJworzqo sleoi Infoxmacy.ine, naleiy zwr6oi6 uwagg na to, aby 
sled ta by la sformowana z osobnych nie zwi^zanych ze sob^ rszyden- 
tur 1 aby Hdala oddzlelnyoh lnforB!ator(fw«, Szozeg6ln^ iH»agf nals^y 
zvvr6ol6 na dobranie razydsntdw i zorganizowanle taklego aparatu, 
kt6ry bylby ruchlivsy, operatyvmy i mlal mo^liwoooi "dostarczania 
odpov^iednioh Inforinacji, stoaownle do otrzymanego zadanla. 

Przeprowadzsnie organizaojl placdwel? zlecic rezydentom, Sklad 
rezydentur powinisn bye miniraalny i ale nale&y zbylmlo rozszerza^ 
siaol Informaoyjnyoh kosstem ilosci inforraatordw. Rozszerasnie sie- 
oi inforiHacj'jnych mo^e spowodowa6 wejsoie na jej ^lad 1 zbytniq, 
nieruohllwos»c , a tym samym i.atwosi6 jej wykryoia. 

Do pracy wyvviadowczej ansa±o«a6 ludzi wysoko postawionyoli 
1 szarokioli zna^aoBClaoh towaxayskioh, mog^yoh dostarozad ma- 
terlaiy wyrjladowcze, 

Wyb6r rezydenta powinno wyprzedzi6 gruntowne 1 wszaohstronne 
^badanle jogo dzlalalnofeol, pozyoji towarzyskle j , przakonaxl poli- 
tycznych oraz udenmyoh i dodatnich stron Jego charakteru. 

ZbadanLe oziowieka moie by6 przeprowadzone d3rog%: 

«/ osoblstej obserwacjl, w kontaktaoh siu^bowych i przypad- 

kowych spotkaniach towarzysklcli, ' 

b/ zapoznania 3l§ z opinio 3ogo erodowiaka 1 jego polltyoz- 

nej dzlalalnofeoi. 
Tworzenie rezydentxir dokxjhywad w z«le£noSol od wytyoznego 

celu 1 poprzednio ustalone^o zadanla. 



./ . 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOK MODELSKI 61 



-•6 - 



EXHIBIT 3 
Page 6 



Hl« an6»fcowa6 do jaraoy nyvtiadonoze j ludzi preypadkowych 1 
alstokZadola zbadanyoh, 

Po^pleoh T» warbowanluino4e dk)prowadzi6 do nlepoz^danyoh 
rezultat6n. Kals^y paniftad, &a dob6r kadr viptynm na sukces pra- 
oy wywladowozej. 



OHGANIZACJA Z^CZNOSCI 



1. Wawaatrz rezydantur 



I'iSJaOiLJjfM 



iQoznoLO w rezydenturaoh utaByimiJs sig tylko z s6ry w d6>;, 
Ka^dy czZonek rezydentury zna tylko swego bezpofcrednieso orzelo- 
ioneijo i osobnika, z ktfirym jest wwi^zany w praoy A^czniica, gos- 
podarza zakonspirowanego lokalu/ w zale&notol od W£ruiik6w. 

Do rdrniolegjaj Z^oznoi-cl mlfdzy po3Zczeg6lnyni Informatora- 
mi, wzglfdnie czlonkami rezydentvir nle wolno dopuszczad. Hazydint 
kleruja prac^ swojej plac6wki przez: 

- osoblstb wskazowkl, 

- Z^znlkow, 

- skrzyrJcf pocztow^, 

1fyb6r sposobu utrzj^ania laoznoi:;oi w kagdym odd2i3ln.yn) wy- 
padka, bfdzie zaleied od charakteru wykonawcy 1 ■tvarunk6v.' lokall 
nyoh. 

Kala^y \mika6 oz§stych spotkaji re^ydenta z informatorami, 
Jewell ale sa zwiqzani mi§dzy sob^ siuzba wzglgdnle stosuakaral 
przyjaolelakimi. 

2, lapzno^6 AttaohS Wojskoweao z rezydentami. 



AttachS Wojskowy kieruje pracami rezydentctv pra^z osobista 
apotkania z nimi alljo pobrednlo przsz ludzi zaufanych. Reszta 
ozlonkdw rezyden-tury nie powinna znac swei^o "gospodni-za" /Atta- 
ch*/. 

" Attach* Wojskowy powinien.unika6 ogstyoh spotka^i z rezydant 
mi w publloznych mlajscach i punktach nle majapych nio wsp6lnsso 
z oficjalnymi wystqjjieniami Attachd Wo jskowe ..o'. Spotkanla'vj mlajs- 
oaoh, VI ktdryoh Attach* Nle wyst^puje sius^ibowo zleclc osobom 
zaufanym po uprzeanim opracowanlu spotkania. Szczegoln^ uwagfc.. 
anr6ci6 na wybor mlejsoa spotkania jak rownieS; na ustalenle ^^2a. 
Spotkanie dosto3owa6 do warunk6v!( miejscowych, niedopuszczac do 
nieopraoowanyoh 1 lekkpmyfelnyoh spotkm'i organlzacy jnych. 



KOHSPIRAOJA PRAOY 






Paszport ■ dyplomatycany 1 warunki bficjaljiego pobytu Atta- 
ch* Wojskowego, 02gt.ciowo o'dclf^ajQ prowadzenie praoy v/ys'iiadow- 
ozej 1 stwarzajs, pewny "daoh" nieofiojalne j dziaialnosoi wywla- 
dowczej. Jednak nala^y pamlgtad, && Attach* bgdzie znajdowal , 
sif pod staiQ i soisla kontrola zs strony konti-wywiadu 1 koJ: re- 
akcyjnych i^lskiej emigraoji /b.agentuxa londyAskieso rzsdtj/. 
Dlatago Attach* powinien kontrolowac awojQ dziaialnoi.6 w/g ins- 
trukoji wyvdadowczej, HieuBVNledamlaa w pracy bazposxsdnio lub 
poi^reonio ludzi, nie majJKjych ^adnej stycanokcl za s^ui;b£^ wyv-iia- 
dowozQ. ■. 



62 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



- 7 - 



Szozegdlna wagg zwr6oi6 na wciagaliia ludzi do sZuaby 
wyiffladowo2»i, OstateezaiQ propozycjg wsrbaiikow^ dawa6 pdznl^j 
t,3. po dojcladnym zbadaniu danego osobnika 1 prdbnym okraaje 
w W;6rym po^rlnien otrzymy^'ja6 zadanla oderi'tane, Btle maj^e cha- 
rakteru wywladowoaego. ' 

■ Pralrtyka polcazu;Je, sSjs nielct6rzy nasi ofiojalni preedsta- 
wiciele, s lekkoaarelaofeol^ organizowali pracf ,wjft<iiadowcz%,nie 
abyt powa^nle .odnosili aif do zafjadnienia wertiowanla, organlza- 
ojl spotkaa i.t.d, l^dawiali aw^ dzlaXfelnofaC jixzei pracovmika- 
mi poselstwa, aiabaj^ymi nio wspdlnego z nasz^ jjrac^ 1 rezultat 
tejl dziaZalaofeoi doehodsiX do wladomogci niepoS^daiyroh, og6b. 

Taki praooTmlk okazuje si? skoagpromitowfeny i powinien 
opufeci6 postsrtmsJc dyplonatyozaiy, Dlata^ te^, AttachS powlnien. 
u3^ sn% dzialalnosd z punlrtu widzsnia konspiracji 1 wyohodz^ 
£ tego zaloSenia^ imisi wyznaoza6 sw6j plan dzialania. Stale udziS' 
la6 iBStrukoJi 1 k;oiitrolowa6 dzla2alnos6 tych, kt6arym powlarzyj 



2el»o4ci t tol'ialiaiosoi powierzonych mu osob, zazy/oll Attachfi 
fo3|t]fco»»8aaj toWae prowadzid wywiad 1 zapobiec skompromltowsnlu ^ 



illQjM^' 



tM-feo m 3 sgz. 



f 2~ Va»oh. 



,',B.Ir,52. 



00 i:^ 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 63 



WOISKO POLSKIE 

N.-»cj:«(ne Oow^dr.: .-.-o 



ATTAOTB WOJSKOWY 

przy AMBASADZIE R.P. W WASZTNOTOKTE 

Gen.Dyw. K D B L S K_I 



1. Sprawa pobytu BORA-KOMOROWSKIEGO w St.Zd«<inoozonyoh. 
Ha 3lcutek pierHszych konkretnyoh wiadoroosoi o pobyoie 
BORA w St.Zjecnoozonych, M.S.Z. wystosowaXo do Ambasady 
Sz.Zjednoczonych ostry protest przeciwko wyst^onaniu 
tych czynnik6w urzfdonych St.Zjadn. ,lct6r» ooraz wyrainiej 
zaczeZy tej wlzycle nadawa6 charakter oficjalny. Do tej 
pory Rzad St.Zjednoczonych nie zareagowal ami na nasz^ Ifo*?, 
anl nie wpiynqi na zmianf nastawienla awoioh czynnik6w ofio- 
3alnyoh w stoaunku do Bora. Dowodem tego, *« Bora traktuje 
sie jeszcze jako "Haczelnego Wodza* i oflcjalnego przedsta^ 
wiclela nie uznawanej i nie reprezentowane j grupy emigra- 
oyjnej jest m.in. fakt przyj?cia go przez gen. EISBSEOWERA - 
nie Hyszczegulniaj^ pozatym oalej jego aktywnosci wykazy- 
wanej przy -poparciu Zwl^zku Narodowego Polski migdzy 3 maja 
b.r. a obecnie. ^ * ^ , 

Ba podstawie innych wiadomosci jest mi wiadomytn, ze wojsko- 
wa grupa emigracyjna d^y r6wniei do pozyskania opinii 1 
uznania dla swoioh zamiarfiw w niektdryoh pafistwach Amerykl 
Poiudniowe j. . ^ ^ ^ 

Ogolnym oelem tej akoji Bora, wydaja si? by6 - ohg6 utrzy- 
niania nie rozdrobnionyoh jednostek wojskowych poza zasifgiem 
wplyw6w i obseiwaoji Kraju oraz zaoho«anle dynamicznego 
osrodka reakcyjnego. 

Powyisza akoja nie napotyka do tej pory na ponatoie jsze 
trudnosci. Wpixjst przeciwnle - wyst^ienia senatora. THOEASA 
przewodnicz^ego senackiej komisji wojskowej, potwierdza 
ie sprawa p ze jfoia przez dov»6dztv«o amerykaiiskie oddziaZow 
Polskich na Zachodzie Buropy, moie sif sta6 rzeczywistofeoi^. 
Tej akoji musimy sig przeciwstawid z Wytg4eniem oaiej ener- 
gii. W dyspozyoji Ob.GeneraJa atoj^ nastgpuj^oe 6rodkl prze 
ciwdziaZania: . . ^ ^ 

a/ zai^dianie wyjasnienia i okre61enia przez Ministerat 
Wpjny. ^ jakim oharakterze najwyiiaze ozynniki wojs- 
kowe podejmujq. Bora, oraz za4%danie poinformowania, 
jakie oficjalne rozmowy przeprowadzone e Borem i 
stoplen zaanga^owania Ministerstwa'Wo jny w planie 
Bora o oddaniu oddziaZ6w polskioh aiZ zbrojnyoh 
pod dow6dztwo aimrykafiakie. i;^danie to znajduje pel 
ne uzaaadnienie, zwaiywszy, i* w gr? wohodz^ Pola- 
oy, pelniiyjy sluib^ w jednostkaoh polakloh i bfdq- 
oych w duiym prooencie w wieku poborowym. 
b/ Nawi^zanie bezpo6rednioh ipoSrednioh kontaktdwz 



ioh w wyst^leniaoh na ten temat. 
o/ We wsp^ldziaianlu z Attach* Prasowym Ambasady, pu- 

blikowad artykuly w ameryka. skie j prasie polskiej, 
I podaj%3e w praitdziwym swietle posta* Bora na tie; 



89349 0—49- 



64 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



- 2 - 

- powstania warszawskiego , 

- dzialalno^ci H.S.Z, w Kraju i kontalrt6w emlgra- 
oyjnego dowodztwa wojskowego z nimi, 

- apowodowanego rozbicia jednosci narodu. 

2, Hastfpnym zagadnieniem zasadniozej *»agi - to sprawa poiyczki 
amerykansklej dla naszego Rz^du. 

Hie jest to Wpiawdzie zagadnieniem wchodzqpym w zakres Waszsj 
delaiainosoi, jednak autorytetowi Waszego stopnia 1 funkcji, 
jak 3r6wnie4 waszej powadze przypisujg nie mniejsze znaozenle 



n^ibym, aby Ob. General doZqczyl swoje wysiiki do wyslZkow 
innych os6b, praouj^ych zasadniczo na tym odoinku. Rozmowy 
na temat pozyczki zostaly podigte ponownle. Oelem je j afina- 
lizowania i osi%gniecia najlepszyoh warunk6w. naleSy odpowied 
nio uix>bi6 opinlf amerykai'iak^, a prze dews zyst kirn koia zainte- 
resowane w nie^, t,zn,wy4sze sfery wo;jskowe, przemys2:owc6w 
1 flnansjerf, Wa tym odoinku pragng zwr6cl6 uwagg na znacze- 
nie osobistego oddzia3:ywania''zainteresowanych koiach. W tsj 
akcjt korzystaj^ z wsp6lpracy z Attaqh* Prasowym, nale^y sie 
poslugiwa6 konkretnymi mate rialaml jakie znajduj^ slg w jego 
dyspozycji. 

3, W6r6d wszystkioh zagadnien opiaoowynanych w zakresie prac 
Attach* na terenie St.Zjednoozonych, pragn? zwr6ci6 uwagg na 
smaczenie problemdw zwi^zanyoh z przemysiem amerykanskim, 
Wyszozegdlnienie tyoh problem6w bf d^yoh dla nas o zasadnl- 
cz3nn znaczeniu, zostalo podane w instrukoji. 

A. Do nlnlejszej poczty zostaiy dolQozone dwa ordery, kt6re pro- 



dwom obywatelom mekaykaiiskim, Ob.SYLVSSTRE ORTIZ i Ob.Festor 
SAHHEZ FKBHAiroSS, za ich prao§ i zasZugi oddane w Brygadzie 
im.J.Dikbrowskiego, w ozasie walk w Hiszpanii. 11 jr. KLONOWSKI 
powinien udekorowa6 obu meksykai'iczykdw w ramach najbliiszej 
uiToozystoscl panstwowej, 

5. W sprawie llsty ofioer6w amerykaiiskioh./przysZanej przez pik, 
Aiefa/, proponowanyoh przez Ob. KMIBOIKA do odsnaozenia or- 
derami polskind. podajg 4« llsta ta zostala jut przekazana 
do rozpatrzenla i ewentualnego zaXatwienia. 

6. Dalazy praoownik dla Attaoha'atu ju* zostai wyznaczony 1 w 
najkrotazym ozaale zostanie odkomenderowany Slo Wasze j dyspo- 
zyo ji. Jest nim rajr.KIBHYS - znaj^y bardao dobrze j§zyk an- 
gielski jak 1 St.Zj«dnoozonB. 

7. Tl$, AIEP sswrdolX sie z proib% o nadeslanie do Attache 'atu 
koapletti orderfw i odznaczert polskich dla oel6w propagando- 
wyoh. PoniewaS; do tej ohwili ale zostaly ml wazystkie odzna- 
osonia dostarozone - czekaun do czasu ich skompletowania, po- 
oaym je wyfel^. 



2- a/aJTOh. 



porz. ]..,-. 
24.6.46 r. 
Diuk.B.I. 
lr.dz.26. 



pik. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



65 






Bez.Nr 
ATIACBB TOJSKOWY 
PHZy A:3ASADZIE R.I . W WASZYKGIONIB 
Gen.dyw. MOJDBLSKI 



Celsm rozpraoowanla aagadnlenia emlgradji polskiej 
w po3zczes61nych krajaoh Banopy i poza Burop%, naleSy nam 
do3taro3yi£ potrzebny mate.rlai wg ponies J podanego sohematu; 

1/ Osdlna ilos6 emigrantdw z podziaieq na: 
■ a/ emigracj^ a przed 1939 r., 
V - " - po 1939 r., 

c/ oddaiaiywanie nowej emigracji na *tar^, 
d/ Pol3ic6n - obywateli polskich, 

- obyvfateli danego paiistwa, ale i poozu- 
oisn polskiej p>£ynalei4no&cl narodowej, 

- zasymilowanych, 

2/ Ukiad spoiecsny; 

a/ wie6 /jnolaioy, robotnicy rolnj/, 

b/ przemysi, 

<y handel, 

6/ wolae zawo<3y 
zarobki, stopa Syciowa, stosunki mifdzy grupaml spo- 
iecznymi, 

3/ Stosunek emi^iracjl do ustroju i spoleczeustwa mlejsco- 

wego omz traktowaoie emlsracji przez. wZadze 1 spoZe- 
. ozenstwo, 

4/ Organizacje polttyosne: program, stan llo£ciof»y, stosu- 
nek do iniiyoh partil i do Hz^du J.H, 

- 5/ Organizaoje: zawodcwe, spoieczne, kulturalne -.stosunek 

do Hza^du Jerlnosci Narodonej. 

6/ Rozmieazczenie /.'iifksze zgrupowanis/ , znaczenle lokalne 
i ogolne, w danym kraju, 

7/ Przeglad grup, organizacji jednoslek: 
a/ wspdipraouj^cych z Rz.J.H* 
w przychylnyoh * 

/o/ wixjgich *• 

e/ Jfoaiiwosol uiycia emigracji /amigrantdV dlas 
■ - 00 low politycsnych, 
I _ - » _ wywiadu« 

*• 9/ Eartoteka wybltniejazych oaobistosci. 



Odblto K 1 



rozdz. 



Sief -Oddz 



Druk,B,I.Kr.dz,2i. 



66 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 






IT 6 



^SiTflN»ri»ili 



WarazaufT 



Wpfynal. 




G^a. M C S? 



Soeoiu»»ltow»ki»go o« wo4»l« polakt«435 «1« W«tt- poiot. 

C«l« nBwIiiianU o«obi«ty«ih kontaktow i zblii«ol« niffdxy amU 

1 W.F. 

PJac. lftslil«y kontalrtuja Waahington w t«4 sprawl*. 
CzMamjf odpowiadzi, 

Jaali »o4««i« prayapiaasola odpowiada pjraat <^p<»»Tl»4ata 
Intarwancja, Zalaty naa m wyja«tola aaazago (SPn*T&lA w |>oot(|!b|»^ 
wrsaania. 





Kosaar 


Hr.42S2 




£8.8.4flr 




-, . 28.8. 46r g,15.S5 


Odlitln * 




«g». Si I 


Bro4 




no«»zvfrt»w,i} 


egi, N 2 


<r«<r*D 


«(». N 3 



- - Vn tS.Onili. M. >. r. > I..M 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 



67 



^OJSKO POLSKIE 



EgB.irr.t 



..Aiil-^^ 



AMACHB WOJSOWY 

rRZT AMBA3ADZIE R.P. W TASZYNGTOKIB 

Gton.M C S I 3 K I 



1. Z««adnl«nla spoSieozne 1 polltyczne Plliptn w Waazym 
raporole potraktonane sq bardzo poHierzchoirnie . 
! - Z Ijinyoh irddei posiadane przez nas naterlaJty waka- 
.«7TOutyby raczej na to, 4e nlezal64no66 filipln, aoikol- 
wlak proklamcwana oflcjalnie n dniu 28 ozerwoa b.r. przez 
Rzqd Standi* Z^ednoczonych, w gruncie rzeczy Jest bardzo 
probleaustyczna j«fili nle zape3Lnie fliscyjna, oo wypiywa- 
loby sresst^ w pewnyra senaie 1 z Waazego raportu, gdzie 
piszeoie. ^e fcra j nlaaolwie bogaty w zloSa kopalniane - 



Je^ii chodzi o "Guerlllf 'oceniana jest, Jako ruch 
tqrzwoleuczy koloolalneso iia2X)du. 

PoniewaiS mamy w pevrnym sensie spr^eczne Inforaacje, 
prosimy Wag o giebszq i oblektyv(n% anallzg sytuacjl w tym 
kraju. ze szczegilnym UKZslfdnieniera nastroju ogdlu 
ludnofcci. 

2, W aprawie odznaosenia k,t. SATi'SASTA z Amil St.Zjednoc zo- 
nyoh porozimieliaay slg z Min, Kultuiy 1 Szttikl. Minis- 
terstwo praekaaalo sprawf Haozelnej l^ekcjl Kmetif i 
Ochrony Zabj^kSw do ijp sytyr.-neijo salatv/isnia. 

3, Soffllnacja Wasza na Atta.:;hS Lotniczeso i pi'-:. kL2?A na 
zastepog. zostanie nadesiana 3ak rd'^nieft r.^.i-^vo 'nj^lj-iniirs 
lotnicse£0 b^dsi"^ zaiatv.'iona zsoclnle ?. Waszy: ':;;'- ".fjr.rloa. 

4. W odpovfied;;! na aapytanle plk. AlE'^'A po'.iiar: 

pocsta polowa 70603 D zostala sraieniona na''Kr.2GS7 BrLieg, 
Sl^k 1 pod tym adreseia mor-a bye kie •-orr-T;e Uety, 
Hatomias-t jatlnostka 31P9r " " " • dokiaa- 

ne dane osob /nawsiaka, ?1 =^nin 

dfita spobi.T ' ' * 

-dencja o'o. 

vv lolsce i ,. uaiiie ich ■•u;...-oy 03&V<>:.i 

•."?inym 7< St., . ■■-■>>. ■ ' 

5. iroprawkl na cs- ;.;ich n^ _ ■ •'■--■ 



- Wojt'o^ 



izel C.ifi 



Gan.W. P. 



(f««M- 






68 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 






Ww*mm«, dnim 



wWmB 



^Nm.mrit. MOfilLSKI 



•if 4b laatirakoji i cl«o«fi QNui.Bn»i 8iil«xewwski«go« 



I8TER OBSON 



Michat Zymi«rski 

mUtOMI* K3LSB 



'/iv * ^ 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 



69 



I^O«ELir» BOWdDITWO 



JC." grudziii p^ 6^ 
Tain* 



Egs.tir... 



ATmcHE mfmm 

pr«y llffiiSADZll R.P, w 1ASZY>»T0N11 
oin.Dyw. IIODBLSKI 



Btwi«rd«iJ, te an one chaotyczne i 

if« 8«r6imo pod wsgl^dem treSci jak i uk3:adu. 

Spoifib t«afttyoEaego ujeoia sftgadnleii poru8z.o> 
nych w raportaoh Iwiadczy, le ulegacie wpJywowi 
§rodoviska, xatraca}%e w znacenei mierze poczucit 
obiektywizniu w realn«j ooanla aytuacji i dt^iefi po- 



iby rz«OEii z* wszachmiar wskazant^. byS^cia 



Wtftdy, aaterialy vi 
aa te Bagatoienia, 



lasza rzuo^ nam prawdziw« SwiatJo 
kt6re naa intereauj^. 



Praea ''i^asza winna polega6 r» wazechstronnyB 
zbiarani'tt wiadomoSci i Informaoji, niezaleinic od 
odcinka Folonii Ajserykadakiej, o oaloksztaicie 
iycia iwjskowego, gospodarczego i polltycznego 
St.Zj»3n0ozonych. 

Rapsrty wasze wlnny byd nacechowana obiakty- 
wizsaam i maj% «awiei»a6 rzeczowe Informacja i spraw- 
dzane wiadomogci. 



Zwaoam wn.gg, i« podatawowym Waszytn zadaniam, 
3«tt jledzenia rozwoju lycla wojskowego St.Zjodno- 
ozoKgroh, aaj^c na wzglfdzie przedewszystkieo kle- 
runkl azkoleala, organizaoji i uzbpojenie Jednos- 
tek z wo^skami Federalnej Gwardii Narodowej vitafiz-^ 
nie. 



T8Pte 



70 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



- 2 - 



Tym wigc zagadnieniom naleiy po5wleci6 w 
oiepwszyni rz§azie uw&gf i gros pracy Attachatu. 

Pozatym. li&sz wyjazd oa Fillpiny, byt zu- 
peinie niawskazany. 

W fTzjszloici - polecao wvzelkie wyjazdy o 
charakterze dyplomatyczno-reprezentaoyji:^ - 
uprzednio uzgadniai ze mn^. 






^i^ 



'£:>c^'C..<t 



a*it. ir*- 



Oduito w 2 egz. 

[r.i- adres 

' 2- a/a 
.., .J.K.14.i'«.46 r. 
Druk.B.I.Nr.dz.l3. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 71 



WOJSKO I 

NscxAJne Do.. . 
Sziafa Ge'nern!ny C 

nr. 0S30r.. 



Betil* t a 



iBS.lfr.r^.. 

AniCn WOJBKOVT 

gCjr AMEISADZn R.P.w WASZHSTOHIB 
n.4jw. M 8 1 LB K 1 



isf oraatord* u«sglf dnlaj^e t 

1/ naswiako i ialf inf oraatora 

2/ wiak 

-5/ doktaday adraa 

V apoatSk kcmtaktowania aif a nia 

W dotjehesaaova prae«, 

6/ nTBacrodsania 

7/ oplnia. 

Po praacaytanitt nalaiy anisacajd . 



Odbito « 



8Zir OSDZIAZJJ II SZT.cm.W.P. 



A/ K MA H 
Gan.BrTg. 



72 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 






%8.Rr«^4. 



ATTACHB wojssemr 

prs7 AMBASADZn B.P.w ffi£ZTll690HIH 
GOP, li P IL S K I 



W s«i%sjn s t7«, i« imifiltMj* sit sbrojayeli 
U.S.A. soetata dokostana, proas^ rozpractwad organisa- 
cjf Ministaratwa Obroay larodovaj, opa« Mliiistarstwa 
811 L^donych , Lotxiietwa i larTnarki.- 



SZSP ODDZIAZiU II SZT.GBTIW.P. 



Odbito w 2 eiCB. 



A/ I K A H 
Gan.BrTS* 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



73 



WOJSKO POLSKIE 

Naczein* Dow6<*:!wo 
S>«ab Geniality C .'^iat II 



ISKM.VrA. 



ITTACHB WOJSKOfT 

prs7 AMBA8ACZXS R.P.w WASZTHQTOIXB 

6mi. M0DXL6EI 



Pro8s^ o prsTBiani* nast^puj^CTch dazgreh, 
dotyes^eyeh MMrj^adsklaJ ■•r3m«rlci woJ«aa«J; - 

•) Sw:s«e6io»« ovganlsaoja f lot na ascscMaeli 
nit8£7«]i, 

b) 6sca«g6ito»a orsaAlsaeJa lotnietva aarTnarkl, 

e) Organisaeja i akaploatacja jadnoiitak podwodsTch, 

d) Cbaraktaryatyka i Mtody Iryaskolenia paraoaalu 
Marynarkl. 



Odbito w 2_aga. 



r. 

2-a,a, 



Fporz. M.Z. 11.5.47r. 
rruk. S.B. Hr.ds.l* 



6ZSF ODDZ7U0 II SZT,6Xll.ff.P. 



/-/ I M A R 
Gaa.BTTB. 



74 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



.a.dyit. 1 



ci^lpj WsSarytycei^a Ttl«g»el« nfSyiwai- otecsku i- aastpo- 
Stan&ai i| «ai3oe«oa^i . 

W|nika z T^aszych raport6» i o««a, i i 

uiBl«ci# .odrfiinifi rozas&itych ijawisk. fiiktdw x xmuxrom-* 
nych wi»doao5oi od pzeezywistyoh 4^«fi I tan^fttesjl pell- 
tyki amerykftnskiej. 

W razult&oie, Waata aaS«iatl«nia syttja«ji go»MN- 
darczo-politycznej St.Zjadnocsoaych ale tisorgi^ iHMiiaago 
©brasv. rseogywistorici aBar^aiakiaj I ataaowii^ it^nia 
odoioie ppopagandy k6i rs^dz^eych. 

tJtrzyayitanie jtaiych stosunkdw ofiemjjg^cu i to- 
warzyskich, a 1-udfal o r6fnych l'.natopogi^aaeh i laXaiacyc} 
do odmiemiych agrupowai polityczi^ch, imleiy ^ latayeh 



zacho<lz%cych w iyoiu St.Zjednocaoriych. ?rzyanaaiy Wai' do 



tycEi^oa sytuacji v; U.S.A. r6i;ni% sif od opinii plk.ii.EFA 
wtejie sprawie. , . 

M&jac m. wzglgdzia uspraBnienis epraviozdawczolci 
Attachatu, oraz - uzyskania szerazego naSwietlenia caio- 
ksztaltu iycia aeserykaiiskiego, polecaa zaoie§ni6 wspdtpra 
cf 2 p3:k.AI j,F EMi d^zyfi do obiaktywnei i rzeczowaj ooany 
t&ga.dni&^,^0tm3^!^tmh oraz zjawisk Sycia gospodarozo-poll- 



Qdbito K 2 egz. 



" 2 - a/a 



zagadni6jji*<<?!lirap5J>ii({ch oraz i 
tyoznego St'rfi^^^^s^nych. 



Druk.D.lV.-lr.dz.isS. 



; «» OVtOm HK 






DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 75 



# 


m^^m 


WOJC;'vO FGLC:. 
» ^9** — - - '**r 


^ rpTteTTT 

" ATTACHE YOJSKOTTy 

przy AIMSADZIE R.P.w mSZYNnTOMIE 
i . G«n.Dyw. KODELSKI 


ProsEg zaiatwienie wszyatkich kwestii i eagadnieifi., 
porusBonych prssei! nas, n& ktdre dotychczas nie dostaliS- 
BQT odpowiedEl,-do ko6ca ozenfca b,r. 


Odbito w 2 •£«. 
" 2-a a 
Iruk. l.B. Nr.d«.278. 


• 
SZEF ODDZIAtU II SZT.GEN.^.P. 

/-/ K M A R 
Gan.Bpyg. 



76 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



WOJSKO POLSK»E 

t'crrc'ra Dpwic'itwo 



Egz.Mrit'. 



mit p.. p. w ^ISZfMGTOMIE 
^11 D E L S KI 



I. WsaSug rapoi-tu ITasBSgo : L.6Vl.M.tW46 armift re- 
gulai-na m lxczj6 2.43l.CX)0 ludsi. Cyfpa ta ai# 
. zga&a sig 2 poprzetelm Waszjra raportem L:82/I.M.tjs46 



l»»ti,'<«iM»ltw;< 



Obrony Marodowej ustalenia swei ally regularnej do 
Kjrsoko^ci 1.070.000 ludzi. 



Qie pokryv.-aj^ sig p^^miel z danymi, jakie posladamy 
z inaych Irodel. 

?J ewi^zku z po^^zsi^ym, proszg o s-prm&zenU 
pot;yz3syoh danych 1 ponowne podanie stanu llog^bne- 
go apmii regalarnej aii Ip^dotr^cli wraz a wyszozeg6i-. 
nieniem £r6dei infopmacji. 



II. '".■ zwi^zku z no'.'iym podziaisjB terytorium U.S.A. na 

7 apisiii w miejsce dotychcza'sowych 6 /L.64/I.M.tjni/46/ 
proszf o przyalanit laipy t nanlesionym nowyis ^k 
Szlaiem.oraz danych wyjaSniajs^cych aetyTTy i eel ' 
ppzeppowadzonej zmiany. 



S2;EF ODDZIA10 II SZT.GEii.'.P. 

/-/ KO-M A R 
Gen.Bryg. 



Odbito r 9 orr^^ 



" " 2- a/a 
ywrz.i^Z. k!V.fa.47. 
Eruk.I.i.:ir.dz.l72. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 77 



woasKO POLSKH 

Sitdb OmmmIw OMiM t 



ATTACHE ';*OJSKO"T 

przy AltoASADZIE R.P. w ^ASZYrTOTOICTE 

Gan.ayw. M D g L S K I 



Ooena matsrlaidw, za okrea l.II. - 30. IV. 47. 



OtrzyB»n« przez naa naterialy /p'ravde wszystkie, 
z wyj%tki«m zagadnlftnia niesaiookiego/ oparte e% tylko na 
t PosladaJ% one v<pra'.vc!f;ie vm.rto^i infonnacyjnp^. 



zalegy, to lest - kr.'estyj terminowj^ch, \¥jrplywalaeycfc i 
v«ykazu zagaaniaal przeslanego '"'am pismefs Nr. 0827/11. 
Jest r!!eoz% zroz«mial%, £e prasa jest waztiytn SpdcHeu! in- 
foraiaoji, Jednak nie moie by6 :Sr6diem Jedynym. 

liie odwracaip^c uwarl od sprav; stalyoh i biazncych 
proszg przyst^ifi w myai w/w pisma 0827/11 3o spra?? ter- 
mino^'^ycn. .-. 

I^ koi'ica kydetnia nie otrzyrnaliaicy i&Anjch mate'ria 
ifiw odnoinie: 

a/ sprawy tersiaowe: 

l.-ori^anizacja artylerii, 

2.- •»"- broai pancernej, ^ 

3,- -,"-. lotnictwa, 

4,-.stari lioKboriy Armii, l.!arynarki i Lotnictra. 

b/ Sppa;vy stance: • 

l.-ewidencja ?,lelkic^- iedaostek, 
2.-pr/:;8eiy8l radiot-vy, 
3.-hand2l, 

4,~fiiiansosanie strefy okupacy^nej i-Jieaiiec 
/kapita? i jego penetracja tr »^iet czech/, 
5, -Bank ImportOv/o-Eksporto^Ty, 
6.«Mipdsya£Podor.y Ftindusz V:aiutOK7, 
7,-frzers^si zDrojetiiowy, 
H.-Koaiunikucja - transport. 



;.ip6^?y teruiinowe, proszp 



Spz.W.i- acres 
;/-a/a 



r;ruk.P.I.;ip.dz.l73. 



Ge.i.br;, 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



SZZTROOltAII MP. 

Do kego OmmrtA W. VHtUt 



a»ui« Y«jiM. 






8. opittja xa wolflceWTSkt 



e*la Bt6mMge a sklsroMniii J«J na ••!• miMm X««s « QtoaoacJ STtdiMlt dm* 
gorMAM. ft to u wtoaligr i l»ftiMJt» V9» |>O ili *«» «r«ftitt%-4lai Ju* 



«l»'ft«(tsi« z»li|a«|( •o«i*oki 4•^]Ki itiioJ«Mtt e*atr«l»MMi im1oIi«b1« 

aift prMvftgf •«P«t#ci«aM'ti;jaoltBeici «7l»Mm Oovslaftge kiMniata fttaka %wi$ XmA 
fttdkdw i f^qn^AsMni* ■ii'-iWiitw«li>«g<> |NriM«itKiikft •ly t«i priMlMnikda. to 
s drutlaj fttronjr, nl* ^^apoinj^i MMAodiii abfira, oat«tM«nl« Mipbf «ita m* 

DftMw stoaovaaS* ateratagjl praaatrMmaie odarota /IM(po1«»ob aar 
RlUar/ ttia o<lagra iuft ta| »oli « aoaoeaaaBaJ atamtagji. 

SeMUMlcaanaja aftiM^vjr balgradiirlaj ifdalAt |»iajffaia u«ta»y o »»• 



wa«*staai sluMia •o|idaB«ia|«yMtaUalMia bvAAain aiBjM»«ica 1 pr^pMP»l««»«ai« 

gotovoAal bojowaj St^SJ,' «««■ aa*>KHMiiila waMlMaJ poamnr fiaanaeaaj 1 alMH 
portHi^^rr afigj^y wMoantA Bai^aali 1 Vk^ vatiMKdMd, lahMiw ««alj|a • saoatria 
nta aojnjr go^edamaai , 

(latk.«7«. XJI0SBI3KZ 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



79 



lMklact«B, l«a. XM7. 



■• ««».i«»««at s «iAa«xaMV ^ 



«rra»MM«li 1 f»«wji. liU J«at to e«ro. 



•S« « tttti9WK»^pwBj^^K«y<^*^^ ««,rt».*J wilt kwinikj 4opto- 

■!» aU plMite oAwto^r « aoropi* «MlMdnl«J aa 

. aMM«^J^||»ipe4w«a0-i>ellt7*HM Mote «Mke«il«go' 
J fit tiitr- aa p«««]JH ala fiXa «b1«v6 na akutak mT — wU goapodya- 
|» i a«9«li JMaaaa v6tei« pt^iUm aa ««lat ludsi saail«aalnii%By«k Airo- 

9f« jam {gff^,^^,!^, v««altt«ia w inropla aaako<tolaJ mf «alva«« , 
-. „• ^.. «pa4a»a«o-poUtx»aa^ »»M«1« So«la«kl»go. 

aif a l^ ttdia* 
' Kr«k Qfamqr«v )>Xalm vaakoAAago Jaat drucSa vlaXkla potlmla- 
•Urn alt 9«1-1*3*1 iviMiUtt iMiaaklafe aa taranU mX^^mrmJPo^omjmgtM.i." 
telMyir MftaaJ voiot aaiiall pek«l inlatovy. 
— **w- «^2i aSaatt a aiglal polaki» aa akaporola ktirago «•!%« pol- 



''WWr*^^^ 



iatro Ba4Mi eplaJt MI aejalmirelt. 

Omant nyvlajl i».x.iK>xn.tKZ 
Attaalw aajamiry 1 lotnioay, 



89349 O— 49- 



80 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



P • p • • s a. 



I ft j n 0. 



WaAiBgtc«» lejciM? . 



O MI Tft t «, KOlUX 



Ift t«Kk.4*p*Ut « dn.I8^.47. 



S/ Qpiaja ta1i.X6Z dTplOMntyesiiyek /te.LaaiAakft/ 



Akt «ftrftM«aiB»-l>«l8r»a«kl J«»t ]»'«b% polltyoimgo^k>odtrs7mft« 
ai« «o|»7 go90daroMj, tiry;go«l««si«Mj plaaowl Nftrakuaiii. 

n«r««a% e4po«i«d«l« St.ZJ . Jaat r«i7gn«e ja podMkr«t«rsft sta. 
AigrlMnui i wisely bo Jket goqpodarosy 2*i<|sku t blolra wsohodnlcgo. ;«dna 
s att««t^i7«k bfdsl* BMnnaaJL* atoMaakdw dyploaatyeKgrsk m Zwlaikiaa prs«s 
pi^Mitiw AwMryki peXadnJKwaJ, 

KlMril^llwa prsagrana Sal^sku w vojnla goQ>odaroMj ■poaoduja 
ULfakt P«IU7«ni% »rl%alm, a do akojl mUitaniaJ llaaja v obaenrok warunkaok 
Bia Jast jaaaeaa prsraotoaaa^, 

Jak praKtyka dotyolMsaaowa wykaauja Iramintaa nl* Jaat « atania. 
bas tUfaia do tage aalu aU. ttbrojnjtik, opano«a6 jakiagokolwiak niarada na 

s kanaapajl iviata ko«ttlatyenago. Tjlko alli^ abroja^ dokona2a tago 

■aaja. Jut to Jaka aljaat Jui to Jako okupant « Buropia aaabod&la j . 

Akt aaatepaasvriia politirainago aanlfastM 6 paidKlaraika b^. 
«r"ata2 odHPotajr akkit«k, 

RaKlafaaPft laahodnia udslali at.ZJ. pateago poparoia takta ■!- 
UtaraMB. AMTjrk* iMfidaka dgr^pounja *»iatii%» ekoalai aa^* ftna^^aorgaal. 
iwni 1 •jaakoloB^ jMPay poan«r laatraktMvdv St,zj. 

Btaaqr SJadneaaeaa nlaaalarBla VHwanlona « avojaj posyajt nia 



aatvJ4 & *^* P6J^ >» faZaajrwy ko^proala, 

Aki balgradakl Jaat devodaa aZaboAei aovlaaklaj i Jaat wata. 
pas da ■ataraabM apzy«d« pAliirangrak tai^aku. 

Jakifeolviak btdaia wynik toas%aai al^ obaonla wojngr polltyoa 
aai 1 geiiM>««r«MJ 1 alasalaiala od toga aaf aia zal^sak uaonia a o.H.z.oa 
tai ttia, 9ra»a uragulowaiila graala auai byo oaiataania roaata-iygnitta na 
og^OnaJ kanfaranajt pokojowaj naredda Kjadnoaaoayab, 



OwMMraX dTviaJl ZjHOOtBLSKZ. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 81 



JSKO POLSKIE 

Srf»b Geoeralnj- Oddzi.l II 

m. ^'^\^' 



EgE.Nr.i. 



ATTACHE wssmn 

PRZY IMBASADZIE R.P. ';.' 7ASZY:<GT0N1E 
Gen.Dyw. MODELSKI 



Ooena r&port6w z "miesieica sierpnia, wrzeSnia i paict?iernika 
194'6 r. _ 



Uwagi o^lne 



Sjtuacja Earfiwno woiskowa, polityczna jak i gospo- 
d&rcea Stan6w Zjednoczonych na^wietlona sub j ektywnie . 

V/iadomoSci jednostronne. czfsto b«z podania trtiet, 



h naleiy odr6ini6 dwie zasadnicEe czg §ci, 

lct6r« preeplataj% sle w poszczegdlnych opracowaniach. 

o Pierwsza cBffic - to dane i informacje z dziedziny 
HDJakowsj, dniga - to uogfilnienia polityczne i polityczno- 
nojskoivt. 

Odnofinie CEj^fiei pierwsz^j, kt6ra przedstawia dla nas 
temat,intere8uUcy nas przedewszystkiem, potrzebujemy in- 
formacii odpowiadaje^cycn pewrym podstawowym warunkom: aiusz^ 



opracowahe planowo. <v»^i-. 

Niekt6re dane i informacje^ iak np. vb budzecie, pew- 
n« azcsegdly z zakresu lotnictwa i innej st^ poiytecznymi 
prByoBynkaoii do studi6w nad tymi zagadnieniami i zostaiy 
odpowlddnio wykorBystane . 

Ifelety 3«dnak atwi«rdzi6, ie powaSna czp66 otrtyma- 
nych informacU ni« odpowiada wyiej wspomnianym warunkom. 

Nasze fiiuro Stuai6w znalazio w nich wiele nieScisJoS- 
ci, prz«sad^ w oeenie, «zczeK61nie jeSli ohodzl o brofi ato- 
mom, eras w wlpksioicl iiypadk6w^rak objektywiznm. 

h Uwagi stcEegfilowa, 



1 raporci« s 26.8.46 - znaidujemy informacj* o no- 
wych wynaUBkach wojannych w St.Zjadnocytonych A. P. R6imiei 
w raporcie t 6,9.46 podane ss na 8-miu stronach informacje 
broni atooowej. W tyn ostatnim raporcie czytamy: "Richer 
tpowodowanjr wybuchem koijby /atomowej/ w por6imaniu t natu- 
ralnym wicnreo l^dowym, wynoszticyBi zaledwie 5 mil/godz., 
oti%g» •sybkol6 3<M0 mil/godz. /«tr.l./". 

Dan« ta 8% nlezgodna z« atanem faktycznym, bo styb- 



82 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 






Inc. 1942, itti400/. . ym,... 

tieltii' wif e nfmHamlf mm^ .. _ 
asybkolol |g^«40 mil/^3«; ni» J«»tt. 

lia stP^S. raportu «Sjp|MQr: "VhrboH'^'ioii^ 
w ceatrua •kflpioi^i iiyti»»r« talf Ojfidww), kllk»5ssi««l%ti«t 
8t$p ir«aniey. ftn^rfttura oMitrua t«J kull inmni ■iUoiKf 
■toj«l C. tJo»tnl iftttniaj^ teaq^ratWf tej kuXl oe61iii« aa 
^ do 900(^ C. nlfl ogaicm* MUUij Ba odleg^oiol do 
13700 atap". 

ib»tr&h«J%% od tago, *• drugi« sdajoia przytooaonego. 
ustapu, jast vogoll oiesrosuMlala, to aastfpaa ed&nia, gdsia \ 
jBtt aoim ooenie ueecHg'oh - prtaot* powiEadnitma. 

Ma stronio 6 rapoptu z 5.9.46 poaany jast stan llcz- 
bowy dywiaji piaohoty na 14.037, faktycsnia Jacteals: iiynoal on 
13,404. Sdy chodzi o st&n liozbowy nowych flywizji olechoty, i 
to 17.000 Jost w preyblllianl'tt «godne, ala nia jciala. prsr- 
csysQ nowe etaty dywizji plachoty a\ ireorowuia n& ai^iaUldaj , 
flywisji pi«0hoty s nieznaoEnyad tmianaai. 



W« wBsystkich raportaeh, Btcitaefilnia taas, gd«l« moMa ' 
poaycji stratagiozno-woJannejiSt.Zjeoboczonych • o goto-> 
nolcl ail: 8bpo|nyoh i bponl atonowaj, ipotytawnr OBf»to og6l- 
nikowe i przaaatoa okraJlania, bass poaania kenkrati^eh da- 
nyoh. 

I^.w raporcia c 28.VIII.46 na Btr.4 csytaw, »a now« 
pOBZukiwania, doprowadeily do wynalaBienia "oE^atld tBW. 
messon - n i a b y w a 1 a p o t p * n i a j a 8 a J, ani- 



)r6by atworzania n o ir e g o p otwopa, au par bo m- 
) y a t o m o w • j to sa.V o a by k o a m i o b n a J". 

Rdwniai ocana akapaiTaantu oa atolu Bikini J a at 
ppBaaadm, Ifawet e praay Iwiatowaj wiadoaia Jest, i« wynikl 
na Bikini nie aaj% powoaflw do auperlatywdw. W raporcia e 
5.IX.46 na fltr.2 cBytamy: "potworno46 aiiy poajsuobn /pray 
wybuchu bomby atomowa j/ jast wproat nia dopo- 



wybuchu bomby atomowa j/ jast wproat nie dopo- 
j a c i a" przyczym 8zybko*6 tago podamchu }est okraSlona 
na 30-40 ail/ ^ - - " ' * 

4e 8Eybko§6 i 

30-40 mil wapomniany wyiaj koaandop Waana okraSla jako mo- 
darate gale cEyli uniapkowany! Wobeo toco waBelkia roEwaia- 
nia Eaiiarte w raporcie o atraaBiqrch akuttaich oirago podomchu 
nia i% prEekonywujj^ca. 

Budiat woiskorr U.S.A. 
port E b.lTM T. /w /g liatu lallaca a/: 

Arrnia i Marynarka 13.000 miliondw dolar6w.likiiidacja 
dzialAioici wojennej - 5.000 oil. dol. 
Diugi i Eaopatrzenie weterandw 10.000 oil.dolar6ir. 
R a E a m: 28.000 mil. dolar A*. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 



83 



fc^ 


CO 


;^'i.^tmi^' ^ 


■fr-P i 



,, xa& 60,l94«l »iJ Bbrolnycb u.iii-^ uax.aox. 



Raport a 14.10.46 r. 



/Vt R«x eellier t "Th« Suna*T StwV. , 
Buliet Cftroay H»r»«o«w3 28.000 mil.aol. 



BuSiet Cftr 
Inoia im 



13 ',160 ■il.dol. - w ty» 



Report 8 14.10.46 r. 



/W/g aowy mln.Wojny E&tt.rflonii/. 
Bttdt.t Obrony Marodow. j 18. 600 mil . dol . 

UapvniLpVfi. 8.000 



E tym: Annift 

lUpynarkR 



Btidiet nydatkftw pa^etirowyoh U.S.!. weaa:ug aDPawoBdania 
Tha National City Bank ef H»w York". Economic Conditiona 
GoTepMBantal Finance United States Securitiee" z nrrzelnia 

?lir ©epwtwnt 8.060 mil.dol. 

Hary D^rtmant 5.150 

Terminal leave of enlisted , 

personnel 2.418 

U.S. Maritime ConmiBioiM ... 290 
War Shipping Idministration ., ^412 
Othe/ /includes UNRRA/ . . . . 2.178 

National defenae aubtotal . .l8.5o8 

Veterana penaions and 

benefits 6.2o5 mil.dol. 

•; Buoie, por6wnuj%c te oyfry, Biuro Studi6w staje wobec 
problemJi: ktfire dane 8«i prawdziwe? Kto jest 41e p^nformo- 
maj, lub ohce ile informowaft. Wallace, Collier, Patterson 

Zagadk§ tf ooiie roBwi«kBa6 dokladny raport o budiecie. 

Ooena sylwetki prezydenta Trumana, jako mf 4a opa- 
trznoSciowego U.S.A., aaJAoego ea sobi^ oaio spoleczetstwo 
amerykaAskie, jest «aaniem naszym - faiszyira. Wydaje nam 
sie r6traiei, ie Truman nie zyskal na atitorytecie po wystJi- 
|ieniaob w fallace a, a przeciwnie - stracil du4o na pres- 

Rola Zwi%zk6H Zawoaowych jest mylnie interpreto- 
imna, a Biano"5-ej kolunmy" nie wytrzymuje krytyki. 
Zdanie, 4e akcja Zni^zUn Zawodowych napotyka na zdacyoowa- 
e^ reakcje "zdrowego spoleozofistwa - nasywa nam pytanie, 
jak^ czgSe spoJeczeistwa uwazacie ta zdrow^. 



84 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



. 4 - 



'*ia6offiold ft zmiania konstjrtuc ji, odnoSnie czasokresu trwa- 
nia mandatu czlonka Kongresu i emiana postanowieii konstytucji, 
CO do ffioziiwoSoi wypowiadania fizsz U.S.A. wojny Ba.C88pne|, wy- 
magala beiswzgletois podania Srddia tych wlRdotnosci, 
/raport 03/I.M. pkt.7 z 28.VIII.46/. 

Jesii chodzi o perspektywy wybuAu wojny mlgdgy St.EJedno- 
czonymi 1 ZSRE, to me podzielamy zdania wyraSon»go w raporcie 
z dnia 5.9.46 r. str.7,,48 "jesteSEoy jut w prz»d«dniu eweatual- 
nego koafliktu,..". Prawd^ jest, &e istniej^ na eachodsie pawne 
wplywowe qTnipy- podiagaczy wo Jennycliv H6H ' naplftnowal Iw .ilryoh 

■ - • ■ •■'-■■ . -. ^ .-- ■ - _ ....^ ^^ , Istotaie .po^l9f»|%'4» ' 



■if bliskiej perspektywie wojim aie gTozi, ?«' powstaiej sytwacji 
n&leij z oaSym obJektywlziBem stwiepdzid, ie ZSBR nie dj|,iy do 
agree ji, oo z wielu Waszych raportfiw jeat sugepowane, ale wrgcz 
przeclwnie - d^iiy do uooonienia trwaJego pokoju na Iwieoie. 

W rapopcie z dn. 26. 8.46 na str.S podalecie oplnia wojsko- 
wych amerykafiskich, kt6ra naezym zdaniem nie jest woaie dowcip- 
n^, a raczej cyBlczn^ - okrefilaje^c "ie jedynym klopotem dzieiaj 
jeet bezbronnoifi wobec Konstytuojl, kt;6pa nie pozwala na wojag 
zaozepnt^ U.S.A." Czy nie jest to jawny wyraz chgci agreajl ppzy 
najmniej tych kdi? 

Zbyt czesto powoiujecie sig na dane, zaozerpnipte'R Iwtdafi. 
Instytutu GeiXupa, kt6py naszym zdaniem nietyle Mda, co tirabia 
opinip publiczo^ St.Ziednoozonyoh, a jego wyniki a% cz^ato "pia 
deeidepia" pew^ch wpiyTWwych na azcafScie nieebyt licz^ch £61, 
te wyniki bada^ Instvtutu Gallupa nie b^ obiektytml, iwi'adcz^ 
np.wyniki podobnych bada6 w ini«'ch instjrtucjaoh jak np^Centram 
BadaA ouiaii publicznei ppzy tJnlwepayteoie w Deawer Colopado, 



pragma woji 

moiiiwoaS zWojnego konfliktu. 

Og61nie bior%o, nasze BiiiPO Studl^w uwaia powaJn% czflfi 
infopfflacji za nieScisie i tendenoyjne, opaz ojjgiciowo nieupo- 
rz%dkowane, a wobec tego. w wi^kszoici wjnpadkdw nie moie ko« 
pzystad z tych daoych i Informapji ani jako aatertalu ueupelnj 
3%cego, ani popdwn&wczego. 



Zgodnie z pozkagem Ob.MaPBzalka, winnijcie w piepwgBym 
rzfdsie zaj%6 sif apr&wami wojska, dostapczaj^o nam dane, do* 
tycz^oe: 

1/ doktpyfQ^ woJ.St.Zjedtaoczoi^oh. 

2/ Organiaac|l amll l%dowej, lotniutw i marynapki; 
a.« atanu liczbowego - podzaju teoiafm, 
b.- dysldkacji -uwsgljdniaj^c bazy, 



8^^W8ffl!RS^^??EBsawSSW!RiiW 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



85 



- 5 - 



0.- Uebrojenia i sprzetu technioznego, a gldwnie 



l^cznoSci -/S: 



rodeaj eprzgtu/. 



8aper6w -/irodki -ro^eai aprzgtu/, 
artylerii r/sprzgt -3ane tecnniczne/, 
br.pancemej /sprzpt - dane techniczne/. 

3/ Drobiazgowego roepraoowania szkolnictwa wojskowego: 

a.- rodzaj 8zk6t , 
b.- ilo56 8zk*i, 

c.- czas trwania szkolenia teoret.^tSrodki i sprzgt, 
d.- rozmieszczenie szkdi, 

• ,- kiemmki i programy szkolenia - nowe doktryny, 
f.- praktyka w czasie szkolenia i po jego zakon- 
czeniu /rodzaj, czas trweuiia - warunki/. 

V Korpusu oficerskiago i podoficepskiego: 

a.- zaol^ / a l wfe . -warunki , ew.ogranic'zenia/, 
b.- wvaekolania teorot.i prakt.- poziom; 
0,- Stan mopalny. 
d,- poloienia materialne. 



SZEF ODDZIAtU II SZT.GEN.^'.'.p. 
G«n.Bifyg. 



Odblto w 2 egt. 
,1- adr«a' 

T12.46 r. 
Drak.B.I.Nr.dz.l4. 



86 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



WCPaSKO PCLSKIE 

• VN»C-8tne Do* .»;.vO 
Srtab Genera -y 0<*<J»-t « 

,,_X..''._.*>4*^. ' 194^ iv! 



EXHIBIT 21 



iTTACHS TCJSKOtY- 



MtPKigsn-r? yP**'!. i 



Gea.dyw. M P D S I 3 K I 



46 - st/czpri. 47 r, 



t E ^ S i _o_g_<5_x_n_e_ 

Hacorty fasze przynos2% duzo -tiaterialdwc posiada- 
j% jednak urzewa^nie charakter notutek kronikArskich. Ten spo- 
a6b uj^cia i naswi-etienia temat6w spru^iai pewne trudnoiici ':" 
irykorzystaniu ich jako m-j.teriil-u informaeyjnfrc, pordwnawc;, r:.>. 
czy uzupeiniajiiCego. 

Przykladeo) w tyra wzgi^dzie moze pcs.uiy6 np: do20wa.nie 
w 17. raportach zagadnieniu oorony perymetryczne j . 

DjUj. ulstwieniiA pracy naszegc -Biurci 3tudi5w i - stwcrze- 
nia Jicjn przejrzystegt obrazu poruszonycK zagudniea, prosze o 
sporzi^;?zanie spra-ssrozdaai w formie ntist^oujiicej: 

a/ syntetyczne opracow&nie calo^ci tematu, do-i zagadnie^ 
istniej^cych oddawna z fjiktiimi ustixlon/mi, 

b/ opracowunia okresowe tema.tu na yodstc.-ie inform^cji 
, uzyskanych w ^ciiie okresionym czaaie. 

Sorawozdania odpowiadajj^ce pkt.a/ prosz? w miar^ n,.- 
rasti.ni4i irydarzeii i rozwoju wypj.dk6w, uzuoelniad rapcrtami 
okresowytii . 

W dal3Zym citjgu.nrzytaczaeie do^d cz^sto na DCpaxcie 
pewnycfa tez, Tryrdki "oadaii opinii pubiicznej" Instytutu Gaxiupo 

Pisaxi^my Warn o tysr ■ i powtarzaniy, ze wyniki azyak^ne 
przez Inatytut Oiiiiupa nie sh miarodajne, pro3Z? zestawiad je 
z wynikiffli innych instytucji amer., zajmujticych si? badaniem 
opinii pubxicznej, co uie/twi 7am w pewnytn atopniu zorientow^nif 
si? i acenie nastroj** apoiecze^stwa amerykanskiego. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 87 



-2 - 



SXHISIT 21 
Pare 2 




Opieranie si^ wiec tyiko a& lostytoef • Gallupa jeat jedn*- 

stronne ! niewystayczaj^ce. 

Traz z lafoTTDacj^ prbsz^ zawsze podaorsuS frMlo» 

Uwagi szc28g<5iow«: 

L.3a/I. M.46/Tin. z dntiL 14.11.A6. 

Nie jeat istotnya, ie "budowa "dalazych pot^Ai^ch ek^tdv wo- 

jennych jest w pelnya biegu", iecz iatotnyn byloby wskazatf 

typy tych okr?t<5ir, ich tonai, uzbrojenie. Saport wiuien byd 

uzapelniony oast^puj^cya m&terialea: 1. daoe tdcbnlczae i tai- 

ktyczne okr^tdw doaFtoao««ii3rch dp t.z». • wo joy atomovej*. 

.2. NaJczym konkretnle poiega zntiana starego •kwipunku na n^. 

3. Jakle a^ dane co do floty wojennej C.3.A. na aorzu 3r<Sd- 

ziemnym. 



%kai bud*»ttt armli i%doirej D.3.A. i marynarkf wojennej po- 
daoy wyczerpuj^o. 



Raport 3tanowi odanrana inforaacja, pojedyAczy artykul.krtdry 
nie daje csiokaztaitAi zagadnienia. Mdgiby bytf fragmenteo w 
przegiqdrie praay aaerykaiiskiej odnoiSBie granlc zacbodalcfa 
Polskii Podany jako oddzielna Inforoacj, nie ooie byd wyko- 
rzyatany . 



W uzupelnieaiu prosz? przyala^ warunki pia^ armil i marynarki 
przlnridujjjcegB ^awiciomiesl^czBy okrea azkoienia alodzieSy 
oraz wyniki tego piwas. 



^r^ltlmmB ^i\?Jmmi*^wym.*f*^% W^^¥¥^itfJ 



? uzupelnienia prosz^ podai: 

i. Dane Nardil ivmdowaj i Zoi^aniiowanych Rezenr ( orga- 
cizacja, stao liexbcnvy, spt»(& i jakotfdf wyazkolenia,dow(Sdi 



dow<Sdcy) 



2. Ifazwy okr^tdw iiniowych podiegaj%cyoh iikwidaeji, 

3. Dime o budoirie"3zybko3trzelnych»kr^ownlki5wj 



88 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



»3- 



al C2y a% w o^ycia i ile 
b) program budowy. 



Strajk Lewisa ocenioi^ sluezaiQ i tmfni©. 
^' Proe2<| o nast^puj^ce daa«: a) jsdcle atanowiako zstjiaaj^ koncemy 
wfglwie w sprairie przej^cla z ir^la bltuadBow^o na gazy, 
b) jakie baay znajduj^ al§ n& terenie Persli, ich rozmieazcze- 
nia 1 obaada. 



/ 1. Proble« przejicia z w^gla na innego rodzaja paliwa jest 
/ bardzo w&iiy. Proaz^ liedzi<J techniczn^ atron? przejdcia 

na gaz aisaaay- oraz paliwa. plynne. / 

2» Stroca 1, ariersz 8 od dolu brzmi : " wediug oficjalnogo ity- 
kaPi w^i?l uTUchamia 5C,43t przeaysia, ole^ 10.2% , • i ' 
proszt wyJaJal^ olej czy ropa. Jezeli olej to j^ki. 



Prosz^ pllnie Sledzi^ i informcnra^ o wazelkich wystttaisniach 
CJSynnikdw oficjainycb i wybitnych osobisi^^ci f .3.A. odno^nie 
zsgatdnienia aiemiecki^Q. 



Temat.opraco»aay Jednostronnle i dlatego ni© nadaje al^ do my- 
korzystania. %poiri«Kizi Inatytuta (Jallupa nie s^ -^iarodagne 
JeiSif cbodzi opini? spoieczeistwa TT.3.A, w atosanku do Z.3.H. 



mV.'W IN 



{TH'IMV'tJR'l 



Siuk.B3. Nr.dz. 



3ZSP CDDZlAflJ II 32T.^rEJi: T.P. 

/V K M i R 

CTen.Jryg. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 89 






•i-yflK^w k&l^ "Si^A' .ytiC. 



Je^kUtL 1«^ 






odrjcznych Ob 



a/ m;?jq. Jha; 



1. Ocena at^uosfei • >-'**«i jako czynaik6w tru«HS««i"«0 |>0«3w^ 

Tcania dla stel ;-wa 3i§ oaikowlcle 2 p0i?i«fl«\a7mi in- 

formacjawi ± dlatego Waaz zaraiar ni8pro*"fad: -oz^tkow 

akoji polivyozaQ-3 zyskaZ tutaj zrozvunianie , 
KajQO ^vS!. nawi^isane kontakty, Jak np: 2 grup% Halle rozyk6»Vj 
momenty poUtyosne powinny jednak z coraz wl^kszym nat?4e- 
niein chara>teryzowac te kontakty. Takle stopnlowanie po- 
ds ^bCia wj.nno by6 stiSsowane n ka;>;dym innyro srypadkn. 



2. W z 



'iTasz pi-' 
'astaoh 



0:'., . , J. e ?<art;mi poai'iretj.ftnia ae:;T; fakt^ . 



■i, ILna- mon-iui-.i- ueauolowej wl^zi 2 Bolsk^. Momenty te 
■to bv5:y 1* sa wykorzystysane orzez oTseonle dzialaji^oe 
' " ' " ■"''^askie. 

_-cne'atu w Waszyng'conie o A' i "..'.i-ig'aT; 
J powa^.nie rozpatryv^any. 
ao ^^ "" "i Attach* Wojskowych zoataSo 

5 to. 14 '.r. opufccil mjr. KIBHTS Ed- 

>;axd Warssar..-, udaj^c si^- via Lonciyn do Wa- ' m, celem 

ob-t.gcia tefo stan Qfi§to« 

Szef Oddj i W P 



Odbito w 2 e.TZ, 



ipC Z .A .; 

29 .7 .46 T, 
nnxk. 3.1. 
ITr.dz. 75. 



90 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



n«ai m^TntMU, «y»*f_i^*i^2---!S.?!"!^ 



2 t U Sr.3 






Alofio-i wo^sico-.;. i^zv.iaico, i .it i i--^.- ojeJ'./ 

coil i !»!■ h-^ uroutiAia, v. j .,i ,^ u; uro«z,U, cst^--' 

•aii Si? rodaioo'do ii-..9r., .. o.rro:.,; oi£.:,..„- . „.ii /kcP -dr y, as^ 












•kaps.oji Pa^i^ 






« eftekie 






:h iu a J &:-<!: 






Ud*iai ■; x"o|ais ISli-WI roku, kitd^-, ni-^i- i u. ... 
Gz>' l>i'€ lull blisay itre«ai bill «^z':£i, Ck,, b-, ii poui 



S«r«dMol8.oB^»&tal£t;if.o, Jz., 



i^Is-ti-o iii^ijab I ci- oy 



llf jsee »Baies»kK»i«. /dosisd... 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKl 91 



92 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



Drogi Generale, 



Od gen.PASZKIEl^CZA dowiedzialeo sip, 4e 
samopocEuci* Wasse pozostawia wiele do iyczenia, tym- 
bardzlQ}, ia stan \ifaseego edrowia jest ostatnio aiasa- 
dawalaj^oy. Informacje sawarta w li§ci« do gen.PASZKIE- 
■.IC2A rzucaj% nowe Swiatlo na stosunki panuj^oe w Wassya 
Attaeuacie. 

;^a3:ujf ogroimia, ie nie bytem j^wiadomioiqr 
8zczeg63towo wytworzonaj oytuacji podczas pobytu Wassa- 
go zastfpey w Warasawia. Tynbardzie] dzlwi mnia Vassa 
dotycticzasowe milczanie, odnoinla nytworzonycb stosunkd* 
z zastfpo% Waszym, gdyt Jak wynika z liatu, sprami ta 
nie powatala nagla, ala oarastaia od dluiazago jni ozasu. 

Nie ulega dla aaia iadne] wt^tpliwoScl, ia na 
Waaze] tak odpoidedzialna] placdwoe pracy, Sciale »yko- 
nynanle rozkazdw i dypektyw przeiioionyeh, Swiadmia 1 
bezwzglpdna dyscyplina orax harmonijoa wsp62praea ea3;a- 
go seapoltii - s\ podstawonyai alanaiitaBi, iiaroaktti%eynd 
spraiRM fohkcjonowania Attaobatu dla doura oaszago Wojg. 
ka i Ojczytny. 

Po zapoznaoiu »if i Waaiys XittaB, doakonala 
zdajf aoDia spraȤ, ia wytworzoiia syitoao]a aniaaoiliwia 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



93 



-•2 - 



Wui spokojni« i wydajni* prftoo»ft6. NiewUSciny stosunek 
i s&ctaow&nie sif plk.ALEFA iiob«e li^s, jego ^rzeloionego, 
jest ooEjnfi§ole rzeoz% niedopuszcKaliu^ se wsgl^du na dys* 
eyplin^ wojskowi^, jak rbimiai 1 - dooro sSiuzby. Prosz'^ 
ffli wiarzyi, G«n«rcd«, it nie omleaEkam nyci^gn^d z po~ 
nyiszago odpowladnia nnioaki 1 przadsi^wezm^ odnoSfl 
Srodki zaradoza na przyazloSd, 
Nie powlnniScie jednak przejmowai elf t% 8praw% i szeze- 
rze Warn radz^, nie bra6 jej zbytnio do aerca. 



Wiem, ie maeie door% wolf i najlepsze cb^ci 
a^uienia sprawie, ktdrej i ay wszysoy siuiyny. Podcho- 
dzimy do Was z pelm^ *yczliwo§ci^, czego daliSoy zresztt^ 
niajednokrotnie wyraz. 

Ocana Thiszycb raport6w pod ki^tem widzenia na- 
szycb potrzeb, nia powinna Was zraJa6. Celeai tych ocen 
jest danie Wan moinoSci pokierowanift prae% Attachatu 
w/g naszych wytycznych, nyplywaj vych z aytuacji aktu- 
aloaj i istniaj^eyeh zapotPzebowiA. 

Srudno ai jest w krdtkia llfioie on6wi6 o&lo66 
spraw i proolaa^, luigroDadzoqych podczas Wa8zej.p63:tora 
roka trmji^oa], nieooecnofici w Kraju.S^dzf, ie najlepiej 
b^dsie, jaSli zawitaeia do naa na par§ tygodni. 

Jaatem przalraoaoy, i« bazpoSradnia Wassa 
obaeno^i i osoblata wazacbstronne oafiwiatlanle, aniosit 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



- 3 - 



dtiie oiek»w«go i Q9im*go materi&Itt do i^oii msyBtklcli 
s&gacyisi^ lct6pe oie aogi|t byfi iiyoii«rfa2(iieo zp«f«ro«nui« 
i offldwioas V spr&wQsdaniftGh sluibonyeh, Bf dsl^ogr t»i: 
aogli 8sot«g61oiro wBdwlfi wssyatki* bol^ceki, sawrtwit- 
al& i spr&wy ittacbatu, j«k r6wni«i prsy taj okMJi 
dtflnityimle urtgalujcBgr 1 acdroirl«7 lamatif ni«wttj|« 
oiw«] atiBOsfery prao; w IfaBtjrm Attacbaoie. 

Spr&Wf ew.zabpania se sobi^ pik.ALEFA « 
poeostawlait lassomu uznaniu. 

A iri^o - do EooaozoQla aif. tf oz^ wssystkia* 
go dobrago i l^ezp saHtoocny uSeisk dloni. 



P.S. Praof Wast^: St.Zjednoczone, Ro«^ i Polska - 
przyilljcie konlacznie i to jaknajszybciaj. 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



95 







odolMiaaiH do ««ce saMto McateftMd*. 

d) Ksl^ikl 1 wydanwiotnim^ to^ttt4;t«« o sagadBiraiMk WFfaBl.. 
s«cjl ftwpopy po «oJat« s «nt]Adiii«alM • piwraMgn cw* 

kieb> 
•) ffssalki* frddla, detycs*^* . . 






g) tBtormmoi^ 1 aataxiBly d«tjp«sti«« ttato«itiike»«Bi« «!• «/^»r 
mlanioxgrc^ k^l 1 osbb do safadairaia (raaiey - pol ~ 



Z* wsglQdu na walaoaa 1 ptlmi^ tyak apra* ora« kaaiaea^ 
nodj vyczsrpuj toi^o opraoovaaia aaaadalaA 1 to a rbte««e paalctm 
widaaula (woje" ■ 



IliLii^ULXu 



r^fi?^irrt 



atarafa, bj inforaacja ob4f»y Jakaaj«t«k8s^ iie«4 aicaOKtaH aa taawt 
«y£aj podaxg, 1 b: b^^ly oM 4«^ praakaajwasa ^takMyaaybaa^ drect|*> 



'^porz.M. J. 

•Druk.B.I. 

Nr.c!z.3c 



••^^OOO*"** 



89349 O— 49- 



96 DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 



RoiB»zvfrtnvaf 



3iia>~ VD «-u»«i HI. B-f. w%^n 



DOCUMENTARY TESTIMONY OF GEN. IZYADOR MODELSKI 97 



SiMlQwMra 




tgt.nrA. 



ATTACHE ^3SK(m 
y pPKT BffiASADZH R.P. w I^SZINGTOMIE 
Sin.Dyw. MODELSKI 



1. W jswiJieku s 17m, ie pismo naaz« J&'.0444/II 
/okolnik lb". 10/ dotycz^cy charakterystyki Atta- 
che pafistw obcych i Ich personelu, nie eostalo 
dotychczas zaiatwione, p.ro8Z§ przySjiesze- 
nle sprairy i nadesiaoie iaaateriaiow najbllisztt 
poczt%. 

2. Pisnem z dnia 20.XII.1946,Nr.0134/A przeslaliSmy 
artykul R. Sidorskiego, zatytulowany "StraS 

nad Odr% i Nis^" dla wykorzystania go w prasie. 

V' Bwi^zku z tyi|, oczakujg povriadomienia naa 
o wynikach, oraz proszf przysianie nraz z 
powladomietiiem-mycinkSw z prasy. 

3. W filad za pismem naszym a-.CSTl/H z dnia 
29.XI.1946 - zawiadimiam, 4« dotychczas nie 



Spiesz^ prz^poioniefi tg sprawg i proszg o potra- 
■ktoT«,nie Jej Jako piln%. 



Odbito w 2 (Bgz, 



" 2- a/a. 
._ % M.Z. iy.2.47r. 

Druk.B.I.:^r'.az.ll, 



SZEF CDDZIAIU II SZT.GEN. ■.?. 

I /-/ K M A R -^ 

Gen.Bryg. 



INDEX 



Page- 

Alef-Bolkowiak, Gustaw (Colonel) 3, 

6, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 20, 22, 30, 41, 43, 45, 46, 48, 49, 50 
American Slav Congress 4, 5, 39 

Anders »> 

Army Intelligence 45 

Beria, Marshal 30 

Bikini experiment 32 

Clayton, Under Secretary (William A.) 29 

Coliier, Rex 32, 33 

Com inform 27, 28 

Comintern 27, 28 

Dabrovvski, J 12, 13 

Feinandes, Nester Sanhez 12, 13 

Gallup Poll Institute 33, 34, 35, 36 

Gebert. Boleslaw (Bill K.) {.sec aluo Bronislaw Konstantine) 4,5,48,49,51 

Haller (General Haller Association) 37,46 

Goldberg (alias Ignace Zlotowski) 44 

Goldman (alias Ignace Zlotowski) 44 

Imiiort-Export Bank 25 

International Brigade, Spanish War 7, 15, 17, 45 

International Monetary Fund 25 

International Workers Order 4,5 

Joliot-Curie 44 

Kierys, Maj. Edward 13,37 

Klonowski, Major 12, 13 

Kmiecik . 12, 13 

Komar, Waclkw (Waclow) (Brigadier General-Colonel) (alias for Wein- 
berg) 7, 

12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 34, 36, 37, 
39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 50. 

Komorowski, Bor (General) 12,13 

Konstantine, Bronislaw (alias Boleslaw Gebert. Bill K. Gebert) 48, 49, 51 

Kosciuszko League 4, 5 

Kosciuszko, Tadeusz 5, 16 

Krzycki, Leon (Leo) 4, 5, 48, 49, 51 

Lewis coal strike 30,35 

London agents 36, 37 

Manifesto of December 6 29 

Marshall plan 28, 29 

Matnszewski : 5 

Mikolajczyk, General 2, 3 

McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc 31 

Military Intelligence 45, 47 

Modelski, Izyador Rudolf 1-51 

N. S. Z 13 

National City Bank of New York 32 

National Guard 34 

Navy Department 32 

Olkiewicz, Major 41 

Olszewski. Minister 43 

Ortiz, Svlvestre 12, 13 

P. C. K 5 

Parierevvski 2 

Pashley 16 

Paskiewicz, (ieneral 40 

99 



100 INDEX 

Patterson (Secretary of War) 32, 33 

Polish American Labor ('oiincil 4,5 

Polish National Association 5 

Polish Koman-Catholic Union 5 

Polonia Society 4, 5 

Potsdam Agreement 43 

Sattgasta, Captain 17 

Sikorski, General 2 

Slav Congress 17 

Spychalski, Marjan (Marion) 18, 19, 48, 49, 51 

Stalin, Marshal 33 

•'Strumpf-Wojtowicz" 17 

Swierczewski, Gen. Karol 7, 15, 17, 18, 48, 49, 51 

Tehran Conference 47 

Thomas, Senator 13 

Truman, President 33 

UNRRA 5, 32 

United States Maritime Commission 32 

United States Intelligence 45 

University of Denver (center of research) 33 

Wallace, Henry A 32, 33 

War Department 32 

Warsaw rebellion 13 

War Shipping Administi'ation 32 

Weinberg (alias Komar) 7 

West Point 15-17 

Winiewicz. Josef (Dr.) 2 

YMCA 5 

Yalta Conference 47 

Weenis. P. V. H. (Lieutenant Commander) 31,32 

Zlotowski, Ignace 44, 45, 48, 49 

Zymierski, Marshal Michal (Michael Rola-Zymiewski)- 2,3,5-7,17,28,22,48-50 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 05018 366 2