Skip to main content

Full text of "Documents and biography pertaining to the settlement and progress of Stark County, Illinois : containing an authentic summary of records, documents, historical works and newspapers relating to Indian history, original settlement, organization and politics ..."

See other formats

Hass P 5 4- 7 
Rnnk' O 7 L 4- 




StarkCounty, Illinois, 




Indian Histouy, Ohkjinal Settlement, Oi{(4anization and Politics, Courts and 

Bar, Citizen Soldiers, Military Societies, Marriages, CnuRcirEs, 

Schools, Secret, Benevolent and Literary Societies, Etc. 






e' A. 






DoNOHUE iS; Hennebehhv, Pniitfis aud Riiuli-is. CliUiijiii. 



I STORY is the pith or substance of collected biographies or of 
the lives of men and womeii of a State. It is the drama of set- 
tlement and progress — a link of golden truths which binds us to 
ihe past. History is also the monument, built during our own 
^j lives, to be our instructor, and beyond this present time it looks 
into the future as a warning teacher. Local history is not only 
history as defined, but also history and biography — grasping 
the most minute details connected with the fiersons and events 
identified witli the progress of a county, township or village. 
'J'he past and ^iresent — the whole fabric of society — the home, 
school, church, literary and benevolent societies, governmental 
and military organizations, agriculture, commerce, manufactures 
and all these institutions which draw men's interests together, 
should be traced to their humble beginnings, and every name 
and date placed in such form as to be a treasure for all time; 
for Old Father Time will one day call up such records. Local 
history, while embracing all such details of men and women and 
events, should not revel in records of vice and decay. Its teach- 
ings should be pure, and, to have them so, he who would lead 
the 23eople of the present time to a higher nobility of character and purpose 
must not give the story of decay and vice, and shame and crime in detail. 
The introduction to this work is peculiar in its practical cbaractei-. It 
is not here to enlarge the volume or to comply with any known literary style; 
but to ])lace honestly before the people a concise instruction iu the whole 
liistovy of the United States and of Illinois, while leading down to the 
period when the little commonwealth of Stark came into existence. 

The general history of the county is embraced in the first fifteen chap- 
ters, each one exhausting its subject, without detracting from the details 
of township, village and family history, contained in the eight great chap- 
ters which follow. The plan of township history is simplified by making 
the jiersonal sketches and reminiscences of the people of each division of 
the county, a part of the division chapter, arranging them alphabetically. 
This plan, however, will not place before the reader at once all the family 
history of a townshiiJ ; because, owing to change of location, a jiioneer of 
one division, may be an old settler of a second, and a modern resident of a 
third township. To provide a ready reference in this case, a list of the- 
families treated in this volume is given and the contents table made very 

The material for the entire history of the county and of each township, 
village and hamlet, was collected, written and edited by M. A. Leeson. All 
this is based on official records, private documents, newspaper accounts, 
and. where cjuoted and credited, on the imblished historical works and 
reminiscences of local writers who acted justly by the past of their county. 



In til is work the cemeteries were not forgotten, so tliat tlie monuments 
speak in this volume of names and dates which might otherwise pass im- 

'i'lie biographical collection is tlie work of many nieii. Their notes 
wei'e. in t!ie greater number of instances, re- written by the general historian 
and mailed for correction or revision. In a few cases the gentlemen 
engaged in this department ])roved their notes at the time of writing and 
thus obviated the necessity of total revision. 

While absolute pei-fection (if there is such a human attribute) is not at 
all claimed for this volume, we feel that the writer has given the people a 
plain, sulistantial, matter-of-fact work — the most thorough of its class ever 
offered. We believe that his desire to exceed all promises has been satisfied, 
and in sending the work on its mission of usefulness we do so with that 
jjleasure which always accompanies a duty faithfully performed. 

To the county otiicers of 1886 and their deputies, to whom the general 
historian is indebted for uniform courtesy and material aid in research, we 
offer expressions of gratitude ; to tlie gentlemen of the press, our deep 
thanks for the unanimity of their endorsement; to the clerks or secretaries 
of the various educational, literary, religious, secret, benevolent, military 
and municipal bodies, our sincere acknowledgements, and to all the people 
— to whose cordial and intelligent coiiperation the success of this work is 
due — we send a message of hope and belief that the history of their county 
will pi'ove authentic and be acceptable. 


February, 1887. 



Title i 

Pkefac'e iii 

Table of Contkntr v 

Map of Stark County xv 


Discomry <iii(l Dixcorererx: 

Aborii;inal Inbabitaiits 17-18 

Warsof the Unik'il States 19 

Reicimeuts in tlie KevoUition 19 

War of 1812 19 

Mexican War 19-20 

War of the Rebellion 20 

Chronolony of the United States. ... 30 


Derivation of Name — Illinois 32 

Illinois Confederacy 33 

Chronology, leri.i-iT.JO 33-33 

176r,-lSU 34 

1816-1833 3.') 

1833-1871 36-37 

" Conclusion 37 

Pere Maimjuettf.'s JIai' ok tiik 


Documents of Stauk County 


Topoyraphy and Natural Ilistori/: 

Physical Characteristics 43 

Rivers and Streams 44 

Origin of Cooper's Defeat 603 

Economic Geology 4.5 

Coal Measures 46 

Archieolog-y 48 

Storm, Flood and Drouglit !H) 


Indiaiix of Illinuh : 

Origin of American Indian 52 

Indians of Illinois 53 

Frencli Forts 54 

Pottawatomies and Ottawas 56 

Starved Rock 57 

Destruction of the Illinois 57 

AVhite Settlements 59 

Treaties 59 

Black Hawk Troubles 63 


E-vploration and (kcupatwn : 

Americiin Settlement at Peoria, 65 

Travels in tlie Neighborhood 65 

Isaac B.'s First School 65 

Settlement in Stark County 66 

Pioneers of 1830-35 ." 66 

Oritiinal Assessment, Dis. No. 1. . . 67 

" 2.... 67 

'■ " 3.... 68 

" 4.... 68 

Military Tract 69 


Marriage Record ISJl- lHUCi: 

Introduction 70 

Record 1831-39 71 

Description of a Wedding 73 

First License and Certificate 73 

Beginning of JIarriage Record of 

Stark .". 72 

Justices and Ministers 71-105 


Pioneer Associations and Reminiscences : of Association 105 

Mutual Protection Society — Officers 

and Members 106 

Beginnings of Old Settlers' Society.. 107 

Organization of the Society 107 

First Annual Meeting ..." 108 

Second " " 108 

Death Record of Old Settlers 108 

Third Annual Jleeting 109 

Death Record of Old Settlers 109 

Meeting of 1883 110 

Death Record of Members 110 

Reminiscences Ill 

Meeting of 1883 Ill 

Record of Deaths 112 

Seventh Meeting 115 

Death Roll of Old Settlers 116 

Settlement of David Fast 117 

Eighth Meeting 117 

Names of Old Residents Present . . . 117 

Pioneer Necrology for 1884-5 118 

Meeting of Augiist, 1886 119 

Record'of Deatlis 130 

Underground Railroad 122 

Receipt for Horse-stealing 124 



Cattle Driving in Earlj^ Days. . . . 
J. Bliinchard's Reminiscences. . . . 
Jiimcs B. Witter's Reminiscences 
H. C. Henderson's " 

S. II. Henderson's 




Orgdiiizntion and Commissioners' Coiii-1: 

Organization of Illinois 180 

" Counties 130 

Voters in S]ioon T?iver Precinct 130 

Acts of Putnam Co. Commissioners 133 

First I'^lcction in Spoon River 133 

Briliery Act and Plunder 133 

Agitating' a New County 138 

Coffee Coiuitv in the Legislature . . . 134 

Bill for Establishing Stark County . 13.5 

Life of John Stark 13.5 

Act Providing for More Territory . . 13.5 

Commissioners' Record, 1839-.53 . . . 130 

Organization by Townships 138 

First Suiiervi.sors' Board 138 

Covmty Buildings 138 

County Poor Farm 13!) 

Index to Legislative Acts 139 


Pftitinil llisUinj: 

Introduction 140 

National C aucus and Convention. . . 141 

Precinct f^lections, 1839 141 

Coiuity Election Record 142 

Masters in Chancery 153 

■ Local Conventions 1.53 

Douglas and Lincoln 1.53 

Unconditional Union Jlen 1.54 

Union League and Knights of G. C. 1.54 

Soldiers' Convention 1.54 

Anti-polygamy Meeting 15.5 

Conventions of 188(5 1.55 


The Courta and Bar: 


First Law Office 

Courts of Fulton Count}' 

Courts of Putnam County 

Courts of Stark County 

Reminiscences of First Court .... 

Circuit .ludges 

Roll of the"" Old" and the "New' 

Bar of Stai'k Coimly 

Brief Reference to a Few (Jases . . . 


Jdiinxilitim and Literature: 

Prairie Advocate, Toulon 

News, Toulon 

Union, Toulon 

News (Rcdivivus), Toulon .... 

Democrat. Toulon 

Old-time Billing.sgate 

Democrat (Rcdivivus), Toulon . 





Ku Klux Bulletin, Toulon 171 

.Molly Stark, Toulon 171 

Herald (Toulon S. 'W.) 171 

Sentjnel, Toulon 172 

Call (Toulon T. W.) 172 

Post-Clironicle, Wyoming 172, AVyoniing. . ." 172 

Herald, Wyoming 173 

Post-Herald. Wvoming 172 

Daily Post-Herald, Wyoming 173 

Bee, Wyoming 173 

Chronicle, Bradford 173 

Times, Bradford 173 

Independent, Bradford 173 

Annex, Lafayette 173 

Stark County and its Pioneers 174 

Pen Sketches of Service in the Ma- 
rine Artillery 174 

Hi.story of the li2th Regiment 174 

Close of Chapter 174 


Schools and Institutes: 

School Statistics of State 17.5 

First School in Stark County 175 

Roll of School Superintendents 175 

School Statisiics of County 170 

Teachers' Institute and As.sociation . 177 

S. G. Wright's Reminiscences 177 

William Nowlan's Reminiscences. . . 178 

Roll of Teachers 178 

Statistics of Teachers 179 

Teachers' Normal Class 179 

Teachers' Association 179 

Teachers' Institute, 1882 180 

Normal In.stitute 180 


Reliyienis and Senri-lieligious Axsoeiations: 

Establishment of Churches 181 Union 182 

C.'iMi|)-meeting A.ssociation 185 

Bible Society" 185 

Temperance League 186 

\Vomen's Christian Temperance As- 
sociation 186 

Musical Society 186 


Agrieultvi'id Societies: 

Society of 1843 187 

Stark Countv Agricultural Societj' . 187 

Eft'ort to Eslablish at Wyoming 189 

Central Agricultural Society 189 


Physicians of the Countij: 

Record of 191 



Western Air Line 193 

Peoria and Rock Island 194 

Ru.shville Brancli 195 

Proposed Roads 195 




MiJitary Hixtory: 

Introduction 196 

War for the Union 197 

Statistics 19T 

Revolutionary Soldiers here 197 

Black Hawk' and Mexican Wars. . . 197 
First War .Meetinj: in Stark Count_y. 19S 

Organization of Home Guards 198 

Country and Local Relief Circles . . . 198 

]\Iilitary Disliursing Committee 199 

List of Soldiers killed up to Feb- 
ruary. 1862 199 

To\vnshii) Kelief Societies 199 

"Women's Loyal League 199 

Provost-marshal White and the Ter- 

willigcrs 199's Recruiting Station 200 

The Draft 200 

County Central Aid Committee .... 200 

A Funeral Sermon 200 

Jlilcs A. Fullers Report 203 

Sundry Paragraplis 204 

Soldiers' .Monument Association.... 205 

Meeting to Celebrate Peace 20.T 

Regimental Sketches and Rosters of 

Infantry Commands 205 

Of Cavalry Commands 242 

Of Artillery Commands 244 

Fourth I. X, G 246 

G. A. R. Rosters, ridr town- 
ships . 

SHIPS AND Villages ; 


Toulon Toirimhip: 

Topography 247 

Original Land Owners 248-251 

Present Land Owners 248-251 

Political Statistics 251 

Supervisors and Justices 251 

Schools and School Officers 2.54 

Census of Pioneers in ISGO 2.54 

Toulon Cemetery and Its Tenants. .. 254 

-Modena Hamlet 257 

Stark Predestinarian Bapti.sts 258 

Moulton 259 

Socielies 259 

Town of Toulon: 

Introduction 259 

First Settlers. 260 

Sur\ey of Town 261 

Sale of Town Lots 261 

Its Selection as County Seat 262 

Improvement Era 263 

R. R. Aid Granted 263 

Trustees and Officers of Village. . . . 263 

Reoraanization 263 

Officials, 1873-1886 363 

Toulon Postofflce 264 


Old Business Houses 265 

Leaf from an Account Book 266 

Hotels 266 

Manufacturing Industries 267 

Banking Houses 267 

Railroad and the Grain Trade 268 

Business Circle 268 

:\Iethodist Church 269 

Congregational Church 270 

Bapdstl'hurch 276 

Second Baptist Church 279 

Christian Clnu-cli 279 

Catholic Church 280 

Univer.salist Church 280 

Sabbath Schools 280 

Schools of Toulon 281 

Masonic Lodge 284 

Eastern Star' Chapter 285 

I. O. O. F. Lodge 285 

Temperance Workers 287 

W. W. Wriirht Post 288 

Military Affairs 289 

Lotus Club 290 

Woman's Club 280 

W. C. T. U 291 

Y. M. C. A 291 

Literary Societies 291 

Old Court House D. S 291 

T<iulon Debating Society 292 

Miscellaneous Societies 293 

'own of Wj/oniin;/: 

Introduction 294 

Survey 295 

Early Lot Buyers 295 

Additions to 'Town 295 

Sketch of Its First Days 

Officials, 1872-'86 ". 

Schools of Wyoiuing 

Methodist Church. ... 

Protestant i;piscopal Church. 

Catholic Church 

Baptist Church 

Congregational Church 

United Brethren Chvu-ch 

JIasonic Lodge.. 

Wyoming Cliapter. 

Eastern Star Chapter 

Wyoming I. O. O. F 

Wyoming Encampment 

DeWolf "Post 

. 296 
. 297 
. 297 
. 300 
. 303 
. 304 
. 305 
. 305 
. 306 
. 307 
. 308 
. 309 
. 309 

DeWolf Post 418 

Sous of Veterans 660 

National Festivals 310 

^liscellaneous Societies 311 

Postolfice 312 

Wyoming Cemetery and Tenants. . . 313 

Commerce and Mining 314 

Houses in Village in 1882 315 

Banks and Bankers 316 

Business and Manufacturing Circle.. 317 

Opera House 318 

Conflagrations 318 

Biography and Reminiscences. ..318-418 



Elmira TawnsMp: 

Introduction 420 

Oriirinal J.and Owners 421-429 

Present Liind Owners 421-429 

First Seltlc'Tnent and Settlers 429 

SiMitch Settlement 430 

Travels of tile Turnl)ulls and Olivers 431 

Elmira Cemetery and Tenants 432 

Dseeola t^emetery and Tenants.... 433 

Pioneer Xeighbor.s 433 

Highlanders and Lowlanders 484 

Schools 434 

Supervisors and .Justices 435 

Insurance Company 436 

Elmira Grange 437 

Grand Army of the Republic 437 

Roster and Record G. A. R 437 

Elmira Library Associaticm 438 

Elmira Villar/e: 

Introduction 439 

United Presbyterian Church 440 

^Methodisl Ep'iseoivd Church 441 

Ehnira Bible Society 442 

Presliyterian Church of Elmira 442 

Knox Church 443 

Cumlierland Church 444 

Schools of District 3 444 

Business Circle 44.5 

Onceola VUhKjc: 


... 446 

Presl)vterian Church 

.... 446 

Metliodist Episcopal Church. . . 

.... 446 

Baptist Church 

.... 447 

Free Will Baptist C!htu-ch 

. ... 448 

Other Religious Societies 

.... 448 


. . 448 

Elmira in the War 

. ... 449 

Biography and Reminiscences. . 

. ... 455 


Esaex Tnienship: 


.... 493 

Neighboring Settlements. . , . , . 

.... 493 

Original Entries 

.... 493 

Present Land Owners 

.... 493 

Madison Winn's Recollections, . 

.... 499 

Sheets Cemetcrv 

.... 501 

Pleasant Valley Cemetery 

.... 501 


Supervisors and .Justices 

.... .504 

Railroad Election 

.... .504 

Pioneer Postoffice 

.... 504 

jVIethodist Church 

.... .505 

Latter Day Saints 

.... .505 

United Brethren 

.... 505 

Dimcan Village 

.... .506 

Biogra]ihy and Reminiscences. . 



Goahi'ii y'owanhtp: 



Original Entries 

.... 525 


Present Land Holders 535 

Schools ;. 532 

Cemeteries 535 

Lnfiiyette Village : 

Survey and Purchase 536 

Incorporation of Village 537 

Trustees, 1869-1887 . .". .537 

Clerks, 1869-1887 538 

( )ld and New Business Circle .538 

Pioneers of 1848 538 

Pensioners 538 

I. O. O. F. Lodge .538 

Daughter.- of Rebekah 539 

Blue" Lodge. A. F. & A. M 539 

Eastern Star Chapter ; . . . 539 

Good Templars 540 

Baptist Church 540 Episcopal Church 540 

Indian Creek .541 

Union Church .541 

Presbyterian Society 541 

Mormon ( 'hurch 542 

U. M. P. Church .542 

Univcr.salist Church .542 

Church of Christ 543 

Biograpln' and Reminiscences .542 


Osceola. Townsliip. 

Introduction 571 

Statistics .571 

Coal and Gas 571 

Original Land Entries 572 

Present Land Owners 572 

Schools 575 

Supervisors 577 

.Justices 577 

R. R. Aid Election 577 

Franklin Cemetery 588 

Bvadf'inl Villiige: 

Survey and Plat 588 

First Lot Buyers 588 

Era of Settlement 588 

Bu.siuess Circle 588 

Bradford Schools 578 

Village Incorporated 581 

Trustees and Officials .581 

Masonic Lodge .581 

Odd Fellows' Lodge 582 

Good Templars' Lodge 583 

G. A. R. and Roster .582 

Universalist Church 583 

Sewing Circle 583 

Methodist Episcopal C'hurch .584 

BaplisI Church .584 

Congrcg.-itional Church 586 

Catholic Church 586 

Protestant Episcopal Church 586 

Bradford Cemetery 587 

LomhardriUe : 

Svirvc}' and Plat 587 

Improvement Society .587 

Biography 588 




Peiin Township: 
Physical Chiinicter. . . . . . 

Villages of 


Cooper's Defeat C'rcek 

Orij^iiial Entries 

Sfhdols of Peiin 

Justices . . . . 





GnMeton : 

Sur\ev and Plat 609 

Lot Purdiasers 009 

Business t'irele 609 

Normal School 009 

Jlethoflist Episcopal Church 010 

Drawyer's Class 010 

Ilolijate's Class 010 

Methodist Protestant Cluirch 010 

Evangelical Lutheran Church Oil 

Societies 61 1 

Camp Gi'ove 612 

Franklin Cemetery 612 

Snareville Cemetery 610 

Biography and Kcralniscences 015 

Vulley Tdiciuliiji: 

Physical Character 


Original Entries 

Present Land Owners 

Township Schools 



Pioneer Neigh hors. - 

Wolf Hunt, 1830 

Valley Cemetery 

Stark Village 645, 


Congregational Church 

Members of 



Wady Petra Village 647 

Methodist Church 047 

Grange 047 

Sons of Veterans 660 

Biograpliy and Reminiscences 647 


Wist Jersei/ TownsJtip: 

Inlroiluclion 072 

Physical Character 072 

P<ipulation 672 

Oiiginal Entries 672 

Present Land ( )\vners 672 

Schools 670 

Supervisors 678 

Justices 078 

Pioneer Neigh hors 078 

Jlillhrook township 678 

Victoria Township 678 

Pioneer Jlemories 679 

First Settlers 679 

Distillerv 079 

Fir,st Ball 079 

First Postotfice 680 

Census of Pioneers 680 

West Jersey Cemetery 680 

Soldiers Biu-ied in Cemetery 681 

West Jersey Vilhme ! 681 

JI . E . Clnirch 681 

Hazen's Class 681 

Finch's Class 682 

Trickle's Class 682 

Preslivterian Church 683 

Odd Fellows 683 

Starwano 683 

Burning of Infirmary 683 

Biography and Reminiscences 684 


Population ls;40— 80 707 

Townshi]! 1855— 8t) 707 

Nationality of Citizens 707 

Population of Villages 708 

Annual E.\penditures 1839 — 85 '707 



-Map of Stark County 15 

'■Pere Marcjuette's Map 39 

Starved Rock 61 

Landing of La Salic 95 

Piiineer Home 113 

• Pontiac 131 

' Tecumsch 149 

l^Black Hawk 301 

First School-house 495 

/ Page. 

Oliver Wliitaker 255 

'■James H. ililler 373 

• Samuel Hiu-ge 323 

'-Sylvester ( )traan 341 

AVilliam Sturm 359 

• Clinton Fuller 477 

'■ Abner Kerns ,529 

■ Rev. A. C. Miller 649 

L L. Newman 697 


Jolni W. Agiinl 

Jolui U. Atlierton. . . 

Julius Barnes 

Dr. Barmeister 

.James Balleiiline. . . . 

Eunice Bass 

Thomas A. Beall. Sr 

Tliomas Beall 

Jdlui Bertield 

Carson Bertield. (Oeii. 
Patrick HI. Blair.... 

Elva M. Black 

Herbert Blakely 

Thomas W. Bloomer 
Andrew F. Bloomer. 

William Bogi;s 


Wi'lliani J. Bond.... 

Orlando Brace 

Kezzie F. Brace .... 
Plenry C. Bradley. . . 
Samuel G. Breese. . . 

William Brown 

John B. BroAvn 

Capt. John M. Brown. 

Samuel Burge 

Rev. Benjamin Burge 
I). S. Burroughs. . . . 

Henry Butler 

Edwin Butler 

C. ('. Campliell 

Alfred Castle. M. D. 
Rev. W. W. Carr... 
Thomas H. Carlin... 
Wm. Chamberlain, i\I.D 
Julius F. Clia|un. . . 
Mary F. Chapin. . . . 
Jose]ih Catterlin. . . . 
John S. Cleveland. . 
J eff rey A . C oo 1 e_y . . 
Pre.sley Col well.... 
Mrs. David Cooper. 

Marv Cox 

Clara DeW. Cox... 

Jere M. Co.x 

Polly Crandall 

Eliza J. Creighton. . 
P. K. Cross 

John Cutherton . . . 
Rev. T, J. Cullen.. 

Dr. Curtiss 

L. P. Damon 

Samuel M. Dewey. 
Stephen Deaver . . . 

Kezzie Dexter 

R. J. Dickinson.. . 
Henry B. Dorrance 

John Drinniu 

Luther Driscoll. . . 
Mary E. Dugan. . . 
Wiliiam Dunn. . . . 
Rev. R. C. Dunn.. 
Benjamin Druramond 
Otis' T. Dyer. . . . 
William M. Eagel.ston. 
C. L. Eastman .... 
S. W. Eastman.. . 
Emory J. Edw'ard> 

B. F. "Edwards 

John G. Emery 


Arlemus ExAers 

Spencer Falconer. . . 

Davis Fast 


Rev. J. J.Fleharty. 
Benjamin C. Follett 
Mrs! Pleasant Follel 
Sarah E. Foirlesoua; 
]\Irs. D. Yokiiw . .\ 
William Fuller. . . 
Miles A. Fuller.... 
Ernest C. Fuller.. 

Brady Fowler 

Andrew Galbraith. 
Charles Gee.sey. . . . 

Amos P. Gill." 

Hugh Y. Godfrey. 
Joel D. Goodale. . . 

W. H. Gray 

Ruby Greenticld. . . 
F. R. Green «■ noil. . 
W. H. Greenwood. 

James Gritlin 

A. Gross 

Robert Grieve 

Thomas Hall, M. D 

J. Knox Hall 

Mary jM. Hanunett 




John Hanes 3.52 

Richard Hardin 352 

Mrs. Harly 3.52 

Sarah j\I. 'Hazzard .... 352 

Augustus G. Ihunmond 352 

Charles Hartley 353 

George Hartley 353 

James P Headley 3.54 

George Hai'vey 354 

John Hawkes 354 

W. H. Henderson 355 

Thomas J. Hendenson. . 223 

John W. Henderson... 3.56 

Henry C. Henderson. . . 356 

Stephen H. Hender.son. 3.56 

James A. Henderson . . 356 

!Mrs. Ann Hevwood . . . 356 

Thomas Hevwood 3.57 

Richard Hiiht 3.57 

William llolgato 358 

Henry A. Hoist, ridf 

O'en. Hist. 

George E. Holmes.... 358 

John Hook 361 

Frank C. Hook 361 

W^ H. Hoover 362 

Augustus Hulsizer .... 362 

Charles F. Hamilton . . 591 

Jane Ingham 363 

Ellen Jackson 363 

William S. Johnson . . . 363 

Peyton P. Jolmson .... 363 

.John Jordan 364 

George Kerns 364 

William Kerns 365 

Martin Keran 365 

James Kinney 365 

Maria Kightliuger 366 

Wesley King 366 

Albert W. King 366 

James E. King 367 

George S. Lawrence. . . 367 

Davis Lowman 368 

James K. Laslulls 368 

William J. Law 368 

Abram Lindsey 368 

Dr. J. L Linhf fall 369 

Caleb M. S.^Lyon 367 

Caroline Lvon 369 

William R." Legg 369 

Leek family 369 




Elizalietli Long 369 

JIan' Aim Lowman . . . 369 

Jlincrvu Lyon 389 

Rifbard Ma.scall ?69 

Williiini Mahanv 369 

William Maliany 694 

t:ol. 1). W. Jlai^i'e, M.D 369 

William Mason 370 

Wallace JIcW. Masou . 371 

John A. Maxfifld 371 

Thomas H. Maxtield . . 371 

David McCance 372 

tUiarles P. JlcC'orklc . . 372 

Robert McKcinban 373 

.Tobu JIark McMillen.. 373 
Stephen AV. Maring . . . 374 
M. F. Meeker....'.... 374 
JIajor W. K. Jlerriman 374 
Iloii, James H. Miller . 37.5 

Allen P. Miller 376 

William Miller 377 

Rnval IT. :\liller 377 

William Miner 378 

Rev. .John :\[ilebell ... 378 

Robert Mitchell 378 

Jame.s Montooth 378 

William L, Jloouev . . . 379 
J. W. :\Iorrison ..'..... 380 

Robert Moore 483 

N. B. Morse, M. D.... 381 

James H. Newton 381 

Benj . A . Newton 381 

Jasou M. Newton 382 

George Nicholas 383 

Rev. T. J. Nesmith .. 383 

Elizaheth Nixon 383 

Will E . Nixon 383 

James Nowlau 383 

Thomas A . Oakes 383 

Sylvester F. Otman. .. 383 

William Ogle .519 

Beuiamiii Packer 384 

Charles S . Payne m5 

Harve\' Pettit". 386 

AllenMcA. Pierce, M.D 386 

Henry R. Pierce 387 

F. O". Phelps 387 

Mrs. Franklin Pratt... 387 
Henry T . Prentiss .... 387 

John" Prior 3 >7 

James Price, ?'»?<' iinl. rh. 

Nelson Prout 388 

Mrs. Elijah Ransom. . . 388 

Francis Rennick 388 

Joseph n. Rhodes 388 

Eugene Rhodes 388 

John H . Rhodes 564 

Hugh Rhodes .564 

Mr.s. Byrne Riley 389 

Antliouy Robinson.... 389 

George 'Rockwell 389 

James M. Rogers 389 

Frank Ro.s.seter 389 

William R. Sandham.. 389 


Peter Sanner 390 

Wintield Scott 390 

George W. Scott 390 

Martm Shallcnberger. . 391 

Hopkins Sliivvcrs. . . . 393 

William U. Sickles 393 

Miiiotl Sillimau 565 

Levi Silliman . 394 

Perry H . Smith 394 

John W. Smith 394 

Joliu Smith 395 

Barliara Smith 395 

Pho'be H. Smith 395 

Whitney Smith 395 

Isaac B. Spillman 395 

Nathan Snare 395 

Perrv Stancliff 396 

Gen." John Stark 135 

Patrick Sullivan 397 

Charles M. Swank .... 398 

Andrew Swartz 398 

Sylvester Sweet 398 

Mrs. William Sweet... 398 

Bushrod Tapp 398 

Charles M. Teeter 398 

Elias Stout Teeter 399 

Isaac Thomas 400 

James M . Thomas .... 400 

William F. Thomas... 401 

Frank Thomas 401 

Gen. Samuel Thomas. 401 

Owen Thomas 403 

Harriet Taylor 403 

Bradford F. Thompson 403 

Harriet Ticknor 404 

L. E. Timmons 404 

Jj. A. Trimmer 404 

W. A. Tmax 404 

Benjamin Turner 405 

Jess'e T . Turner 405 

Daniel Tvrrell, M.D... 407 

\.¥. Stickney 406 

James M. Stickney... 406 

J. C. Starr " 406 

Daniel D. Stone 406 

Rev. D. G. Stouffer .. 406 

William Sturm 407 

George C . Van Osdell . 6(i9 

Gertrude Wagner 410 

David J, Walker .... 410 

Dexter Wall 410 

Rev. W. Walters . 411 

John W. Walters... . 413 

Jose])h Wallher 413 

Oliver Wliitaker 413 

.John Whitaker 414 

B. WhifTen 415 

John Whitcher 415 

William Williams 415 

Warren \^'illiams 415 

Marshall Winn 415 

James Woods 416 

Stephen G. Worlev ... 416 

Rev. S. G. Wright ... 416 


William W. Wright... 416 

Capt. W. W. Wright.. 570 

SiLsanD. Wright 416 

John Wrigley 417 

David De'Wolf 418 

Hewes White 493 

Keziah D. Young. .. . 418 

B. F. Young...': 481 

Ei.miha Townsuip, 

.John Adams 455 

James Armstrong, Sr... 4.55 

Jjoins Austin 455 

Matthew Bell 455 

W. D. Blanchard 455 

Abby M. Blanchard... 4.56 
Dr. E. li. Boardman. . . 456 
Dr. E. O. Boardman.. . 456 

Charles Bolt 457 

Myrtle G. Brace . , . 457 

Jjoehlin Buchanan 458 

Jjochlin J[. Buchanan . . 458 

Asa A. Bimton 458 

Asa Buntou 461 

James Buswell 461 

.James Cinnamon 461 

David Currier 463 

Isabella Fell .548 

Bradv Fowler 463 

Laton Fuller 463 

Ambrose Fuller 463 

Cninton Fuller 464 

Walter JL Fuller 464 

Wm. W. Fuller 464 

Charles L. Gerard 465 

Hall family.... 466 

Robert Hail ..:. 473 

.lohn M. Hatch 473 

Aaron Ilarvej' 593 

,Iames M. Jackson 473 

Thomas .lackson 474 

Col. William Jack.sou. . 474 

David Jackson 474 

John .Jackson 476 

Adam Jackson 476 

James 1,. Jackson 479 

John Leasou 479 

William Ijeason 465 

Thomas Lyle 461 

Carlos B.'Jjvle 479 

Horace E. LVle 479 

Finley Matheson 480 

Geo. "S. Maynard 480 

Donald McDonald 480 

Harriet J. McKcnzie.. . 481 

William .Moffltt 481 

Samuel Montooth 483 

Robert Moore 483 

George ^Murray 483 

William :\Iurray 483 

Thomas Nicholas 483 

Adam Oliver 484 

Andrew Oliver 484 

Henry H. Oliver 485 


IU()(;|;AI'IIV and KE^riMSCKNCKS. 

Pace, i 

TiLiiiiias Oliver 485 

William Pai'Us 486 

Matthew B. Parks... 48(5 
AVilliam (i. Perkins... 486 

Gideon Potter 487 

John F. Heed 488 

Simon B. Spencer 488 

Isaac Spencer. 489 

Charles Stuart 450 

Sturnis faniil}- 489 

John Tnrnlmil 4811 

JohnG. Tnrnlmil 491) 

William U. Tnrnlmil.. 491 

William Tnrnbull 491 

Archibald Vandyki.-. . 491 

Charles Vandyke 492 

Hewes White 492 

EssHX TowNsnii'. 

F. F. Brockwav .507 

Thomas Colwell .508 

Henry Colwell 508 

John't^olwell 509 

Joseph Cox 509 

Thomas W. Cox 509 

W. K. Cox 509 

Malou Cox 510 

Mary E. Cox 510 

I. P. Carpenter 510 

Hannah Dixon 510 

Samuel Dixon 510 

Rosanna Dixon 510 

Philip F. Earlmrt 510 

Eliza Edwards 511 

Isaac B. Essex 511 

Thomas Essex 512 

Philin Fast 512 

Jane Frail 512 

James ,M. Estep 512 

George Fautz 512 

Joseph Friedman 513 

Daniel Gingrich 513 

Liiciuda Gingrich... . 513 

A. E. Gingrich 514 

Thomas Graves 514 

Nancy Graves 514 

James Graves 515 

Jo.seph S. Graves 515 

Jacob Graves 516 

Lemuel Graves 516 

Argelon Graves 516 

J(M'ome Graves 516 

James irarlley 517 

Ann Hartley 517 

II. Ingram 51 i 

Jiire<l Jones 517 

Abner Kerns 518 

John Lettier 518 

Jesse L. MolfitI 519 

Josiali Mofiitt 519 

John H. Ogle 519 

Henry M. Rogers 520 

John'Scott. 520 


Benson 8. Scott 

. 530 

Peter Slieets 


Henry S jringer 

. 522 

Amelia >.. Standard. 

. 522 

John P. Standard . . 

. 522 

f;iiristoi)her Trickle. 

. 523 

Edward Trickle 

. 523 

JelTerson Trickle 

. 523 

Mason B. Trickle.... 

. 523 

Sylvester Wilkinson . 

. 524 

Alonzo Wilkinson. . . 

. 524 

Solomon Wilkinson. 

. 525 

Thomas Winn 

. 109 

GosiiEN Township. 

Eric Anderson 543 

Joseph Atherton 543 

Jesse S. Atherton 543 

Mrs. A. Atherton 543 

R. C. B.dver 543 

Jeremiah Bennett 543 

A. R. R. Bevier 544 

U. II. Brown 344 

Emorv S. Buffum 544 

Jonas Butler 544 

.Mrs. P. Cavenaugli. . . . 544 

Melinda Carver 545 

Dr. J. R. Crawford. .. 545 
W'm. Ij. Dalrynijile. . . . 545 

IClder Delle .'. 545 

Mrs. Dickinson 545 

Rebecca Dickinson .... 545 

Jeremiah DeMuth 545 

Ijotan Dexter 546 

(ieorge F. Dexter 546 

Daniel Dodge 546 

Mrs Dudley 546 

S. I). Easton 546 

Elijah Eltzroth 546 

Conrad Emery 547 

John Emery 547 

Jacob Fall 547 

Mrs. Fan- 547 

Barnabas Frail 547 

D. K. Fell 548 

Isabella Fell 548 

Gideon B. Gillette 

J. T, Gardner 

Hugh Galbraith. . . 

Eph. Garrison 

Luther Geer 550 

N'elson Grant 550 

Orson Grant 550 

liulh Graves , 550 

Thomas Gemmell 550 

William J. Hamilton. 551 

Andrew Hamilton .551 

A. '". Harris .551 

Harry Hayes 551 

John S. Haxtuu .551 

Martha Hill .551 

Sabrina Hilliard .551 

Azro Hilliard 552 



Charles Himes 552 

Homer H. Himes 553 

Cad. Howell 553 

D. J. Hurd 553 

James Ingcls 553 

James Jack.son .553 

Barnabas M. Jackson.. 554 
Capt. C. P. Jack.son. . . 554 

J. .M. Jones 555 

Jacob Jones 5.55 

Sheridan Jones 555 

Capt. F. A. Jones 5.56 

William .Marks 556 

James Martin 557 

William !Mason 557 

.John A. ^laxtield ... . .557 

Oreu ^laxfield 557 

Elijah McClenahan. . . . 557 

Henry McClenahan.. 557 

Elijah J. McClenahan.. 557 

: James MeStirnpson. . . . 558 

i Harris W. Miner 538 

Susanna Miner 109 .5.59 

Robert Jloore 559 

Henry S. Newcomer. . . 559 

Dr. J. H. Nichols 559 

James Nicholson 560 

Eric U. Norberg 560 

;\IicliaeINowlan .560 

William Nowlan 5(!1 

j Philanda Pomeroy.... 561 

j Elijah Pomeroy 561 

Henry Presler 561 

Samuel Parrisli 561 

Squire Parrish 562 

iiethuel Parrish 562 

Joel 563 

J. H.Ciuinn 563 

Mrs. Reed 564 

Wm. A. Reed 564 

': I.saac C. Reed 564 

Hugh Rhodes 564 

John F. Rhodes 564 

T. W. .565 

Jacob Ross 563 

Liicretia Ruston 565 

Minott Silliman 565 

[ C. F. Spillman 566 

William Snyder 566 

Alfred M. Snyder 567 

A. B. H. Snyder 567 

J. F. Thompson 567 

V. Todd 568 

! Abbie A. Todd .568 

j Smith Tuttle 51)8 

Peter H. Wade 568 

1 John White 568 

John A. White 569 

John H. White 5(i9 

Samuel M. White 569 

Simeon AVilliams 569 

Rev. J. L. Williams... 570 
Capt. W. AV. ^Vright .. . 570 
GadL. Yale 571 



OsCEOi.A Township. 


Alvin Abbott .188 

Mary P. Adams 588 

JIajor A. Ames 5.88 

Zebulon Avery 589 

Dr. J. G. Boardman . . . 589 

John V. Bevier .589 

John H, Boyd 590 

A. H. Brock 590 

Mrs. Capperune 590 

Mrs. Gushing 590 

James B. Do\le 590 

W. P. Dator'. 390 

Mrs. Driscoll 590 

Mrs. Fink 590 

Patrick Fiuiiigan 590 

Weslev T. Foster 591 

Otis Gardner 591 

Charles F. Hamilton.. 591 

Jenny Hartley 59i 

Tliomas W. Harmon.. .)9'2 

William Harvey 592 

Geo. L. llaskins 592 

JMrs. T. Horan 593 

John Lackie 598 

Emily M. Lewis 593 

Francis J. Liggett 594 

Geo. W. Longmire.... 595 
Catherine LMcNully . . .595 

John A. Mielkev. 595 

H. K. Mokeler ". 596 -j 

James M. Alorris 59(i 

A. B. :\Iorse 597 

Harmon Pheiii.x 597 

Geo. AV. Reed 597 

George Reeves 598 ! 

Benjamin F. Rockhold 598 I 

Asher Smitli 599 

Byron Smith 599 

Liberty Stone .599 

Mrs. Herlierl Scarles. . . (iOO 

Xicholas Sturm GOO 

Church Sturtevant (JOO 

Isaac Sturm (jOO 

A. J. Sturm (ioo 

Setli Stuart (ioi 

Augn-^t S. Thompson. . 601 

Joseph E. Weed 601 

Washington Wliite. . . 602 

Naomi \Vilco.\ (i02 

John Winslow 602 

Calvin Winslow 602 

Pexn Tow.nsuii'. 

Henry B. Ackley (!15 

Jolni Ackley. . ." 615 

Humphrev "Avery. . .616-18 
S. G. Avery....".. ..6Ui-19 
Elizabeth Smith Avery.. 616 

Miles Avery .". . 617 

Jo.seph C. "Avery 619 

Robert :McBoef)ck 619 

Elijah Bocock 620 


Cyrus Bocock 620 

Thomas J. Bocock. ... 631 
William C. Bocock.... 621 

John B. Brown 632 

Crammer W. Brown... 622 

Erastus Brown 632 

Harlow Brown 623 

Benjamin B. Bunnell.. 623 

James A. Bunnill 624 

Robert E. Bunnell 634 

Daniel Cogblan 635 

Samuel Crum 625 

C. AV. Davison 635 

Geo. D. Easelslon 626 

AVilliam Ea'gelston 626 

Mary Farwell 626 

James W. Fleming. . . . 626 

Levi Fonts 637 

Zura Fuller 637 

C. D. Fuller 637 

Ben j . F. Gharrett 638 

William D. Grant 628 

George Green 628 

AndiW Harty 629 

James Iloleate 630 

Dr. J. R. Holgate 630 

Edwin Holmes 630 

Leo Julg 633 

Michael Kilterman ... 634 
Alexander Kissinger.. 634 

Thomas Leadley. ! 634 

"Auntie" McLaughlin. 634 

James McNulty 634 

Geo. W. Miller 634 

Warren Pettit 635 

Virdl Pike 635 

Cha's. H. Perkins 635 

AVilliam Redding 656 

William Ryan 635 

Henry Seeiey 635 

Wm." S. Sinith 635 

John Snare 636 

James Snare 636 

R. S. Snare 637 

Edward Somcrs 638 

Elizabeth Sturm 638 

^licagv Swiger 638 

Wm! "H. Whilten 638 

C. AAMIsoii 639 

Archibald AVbeeler. . . 626 

Lydia White 630 

Aliiam Zimm 639 

Vai.i.i;y Township. 

Joseph Anderson 648 

Margaret C. Brain 648 

Wm. Atkinson 648 

Perry C. Burdick 651 

Bishop Cliase 705- 

Pliilander Chase 7C6 

Philander Chase 651 

Heber Chase 651 

Bernard Colgan 652 

Thomas H. Crone 653 


Wm. Dawson 653 

John Iv. Dawson 654 

James L. Dawson 654 

Elizabeth Down 6.54 

AA'm. Down 654 

Mary A. Dewhurst... 65) 

James Dewhui-st 655 

L. Duckworth 6.55 

G. W. Duryea 655 

Joseph Eliy" 655 

A J. Faulkner 655 

Ambrose Ghert 656 

A. AV. Hendricks 657 

Henry Hampson 657 

Sarah Hampson 657 

Thomas Heaghney.... 658 

Da\id Hodges. . .' 658 

Cha.s. M. Hull 659 

Geo. L. Jackson 6.59 

James Jackson 664 

Jlrs. Judith S. Job . . . 660 

David Job 660 

Thomas Kelly 660 

G. KIcpfer..." 660 

Alonzo Kcngsley 660 

Jonathan Luce.'. 660 

George Marlatt 661 

Malinda Marlatt 661 

William AlcConnell. . . . 663 

Sarah .AIcGinniss (162 

John .Alorrissy 663 

AA'illiam Peterson 663 

John Schanck 664 

Jacob Simmertiian 664 

A. J. Simmerman 664 

Edwin Snare 665 

John Spcers 665 

Carl St.-igg 666 

James Turner 655 

Charles I). Stis.ser. , . . 6(i9 
Geo. C. A'an Osdell. .. 669 
Thomas AA'ickham. fi:If 

Asahcl Wilmot 670 

Harriet N. Wilmot 670 

Samuel AVrigley 671 

West Jeksf.v Township. 

S, V. Addis 684 

D. O. Addis 6.84 

James P. Addis 685 

Ella Addis 685 

Francis Anthony .... 685 

John H. Anthony 685 

Cyrus .Vnthony. 685 

AVilliam Barr 

Mrs. Bishnp 6.86 

AVilliam Bishop 686 

Joseph Bodine 686 

John P. Bodine 686 

David J. Bodine 687 

R. A. Boyd 687 

David AV. Brown 687 

S. Ca.skey 




Lucinda Dancer 087 

John Dnden 687 

Rebecca Dunn 687 

A. A. Dunn 689 

George EcUlev 689 

Hannah Gaffnev 689 

John Finley 689 

A. J. Finley 689 

Samuel J. "Fox 690 

Sarah Georcje 690 

Jacob N. Hazen 690 

John Hazen 690 

S. R. Hazen 691 

James R, Henry 691 

Mrs. Ingels ' 692 

Levi Jolinson 692 

A. J. Johnson 692 

Wm. H. Jolinson 693 


R, W. King, M. D 693 

John Keller 694 

.Jacob Kissell 694 

Philip Knoff 694 

James Utile 684 

William Malum v 694 

James V. B. Mahany.'. 694 

W.S.MeClanahan. M.D. 695 

Rev. A. C, ililler. .. . 69.5 

I. L. Newman 696 

Joseph Palmer 696 

Willanl Palmer 696 

John Pratz 699 

Jonathan Pratz 699 

S. H. Sanders 699 

John Sargent 700 

Belle Shaifer 700 


Mary L. Swank 700 

Pete'r Sheets 700 

George Slieets 700 

.Jacob B. Smith 700 

Jacob Slimmell 701 

Sarah H. Stimmell 701 

Robert Stonier 701 

Chas. W. Terry 7u2 

Washington Trickle... 703 

A. D. Van Sickle 703 

John Wiley 704 

\V. W. Webster 704 

EcclesB. West 700 

Jacob Wygell 698 

Mahala Youug 704 

C. W. Youug 704 

J . Q. Young 705 


I'AltT I. 


HE honor of discovering land in the western hemisphere 
has been variously credited. It is said, and on ver}^ good 
authority, that it was known to the people of Carthage, 
as the Atalantis of Plato's "C'ritias and Tiniaeus." Again, 
ISaint Brendan is credited with its discovery in the sixth 
century ; while Powell, in his history of Wales, assumes 
that the Welch prince, Madoc, left his country in 1170 
witli his retainers, and made a settlement here. The 
works of those early settlers and explorers were of such 
little utility that nothing has lieen transmitted by them 
to jiosterity which might substantiate the claims of 
their latter day countrymen. Not so with the Tartars and otliers. 
The ancient inhabitants of llispaniola, Peru, Mexico, and even Canada, 
who came via Kamjrtschatka from China, Japan, and even fi'om 
Africa, left behind them immutable souvenirs of their coming and 
their stay, and gave to the continent two great empires — Mexico and 
Peru. Then followed Spain with her Christian hero, the Genoese, Col- 
umbus, 14'J2; then lingland with the two Venetians. John and Se- 
bastian Cabot. 14H7: then Portugal with the Florentine. Vespucius, 
15(11 ; then the French explorers, Cartier, Manjuette, Joliet, La 
Salle, Allouez, Dablon, and hundretls of other Frenchmen whoexjilored 
anfl wrote and preached. The record of discovery by Europeans, as 
accepted, is as follows : Christopher Columbus, San Salvador, 1492 ; 
John and Sebastian Caljot, Labrador, 1-197 ; x\mericns Vespucius, 
Brazil, l.'jol : Craspar Cortereal. Canada. 1501 ; Ponceile Leon, Florida. 
1512; Juan \'erazani. Coast of North Carolina. 15:^4; Jac(jues Cartier, 
(Tulf of St. Lawrence, 15:3-1:; Hernandez Cortes, California. 153t); Fer- 
dinand de Soto, Mississippi I'iver. 1541; Samuel Champlain, River St. 
John, 1604; Henry Hudson, Hudson river, 1609, Marquette, Joliet, La 
SaUe, Upper Lake and Mississippi region ; Verandrye, DeSmet, Rocky 

The abf)riginal inhabitants of this c<»ntinent have left numerous 
evidences of their existence, such as ruins, stone and copper vessels 
3 17 


ami iiistrunitMits. The written records of tlieir ()eeu)>ati()ii are scarce 
and unintclligilile. The Intlian inlial>itaiits nnnil)ei' over a (juarter of 
a million (2(>0,()7!tj and are gron])ed as l'oll(j\vs : Ai)aches, Xew Mexico, 
7.?>()0 ; Ai'rapahoes. lTp]ier Platte I'iver, 72(1 ; AiTapahoes, Upper Ar- 
kansasriver, 3,(1(10 ; Arricarees, Upper Missouri river, l,(>8(t ; Assini- 
l)oines, Upper Missouri river, 3,280 ; Blackfeet, Upper Missouri river, 
2,080 ; Bloods, Upjier Missouri river, 2,-HK) ; Brules, Uiii)er Missouri 
river, l,12(i ; California Tribes, California, 33,590; Camanches, U])per 
Arkansas river, l.SOd; Cayugas, Senecas, New York, 147; Cherokees, 
AVest Arkansas river, 17,530; Cheyennes. Up]ier I-'latte river, 1.800; 
(Uieyennes, Upper Arkansas river, l,C)(»o ; (Jhickasaws, AVest Arkansas 
I'iver, 4,287 ; Chippewas of Lake Sui)ei-ior, Alichigan, AVisconsin and 
Minnesota, 4,lt4(t; Chippewas of the Mississipjji river, Minnesota, 4,02S; 
Chippewas and Ottawas. Michigan. 5,0(»6 : Cliippewas of Saginaw and 
Swan Creek. Alichigaii, l(i2.t;Cliii)pe\vas, with Bottawatoniies, Alicliigan, 
247 ;Choctaws. AVest of Arkansas, 1(),0(MI; Cliristian, or AFunsees, Kansas, 
'.to ; Creeks, West of Arkansas, 25, (KK) ; Ci'ows, U])per Alissouri river, 
3,1(00 ; Delawares, Kansas, 1,071 ; (iros Ventres, U))])er Missouri river, 
l,(tO() ; lowas, Nebraska. 291; Kansas Kaws, etc., Kansas, 741 ; Kaskas- 
kias, Weas, Peorias, AVeas Miamis, and Piankeshaws, Kansas, 384 ; 
Kickapoos, Kansas, 340; Kiawas, U]ipei' Arkansas i-iver, 1,80(1; Man- 
dans, tT|)per Arkansas river, 120; Menoniinees. AVisconsin, 1,724; Mi- 
ainis, Indiana, 384 ; Missouris and Ottoes. Nebraska, 470; Minnecon- 
goux, U])per Missoni-i river, l,2So. Muhauche, Utalis, New Mexico, 
5ti(; ; Navajoes and Moquis,' New Mexico, 15,000; Ouiahas. Nebraska, 
953 ; Onondagas, New York, 422 ; Oniedas, NewA'ork, lOo ; Oniedas 
with Onondagas, New York, 70 ; Oneidas with Stockbridge, etc., AVis- 
consin, 323; Oregon Tribes, Oregon, 13,000; Osages, AVest of Arkan- 
sas, 4,098 ; Pawnees (four bands). Nebraska, 3.414 ; Pri aos Mescal- 
eros, etc.. New Alexico, 4o0 ; Poncas, Nebi'aska, 8(54; Pottawatouiies 
with Kickapoos, Kansas, 69; Pt^ttawatoniies of Huron, Michigan, 50; 
Pottawatouiies at Agency projier, Kansas. 2,259; Pueblos. New Mex- 
ico, 10,000; Quapaws. West of Arkansas, 314 : Sacs and Foxes (Missis- 
sippi), Kansas, 1,280 ; Sacs and Foxes (Missouri), Nebraska, 9fi; Sans 
Arcs, Upper ATissouri river. I.(i00; Senecas. New York, 2,988; Senecas, 
with Shawnees, West of Arkansas. 151t ; Seininoles. AVest of Arkansas, 
2.500 ; Snawnees, Kansas, 830 ; Sioux of the Alississippi, Upper Mis- 
souri river, S,G.S(i ; Sioux of the Alissouri, Upper Platte river, ().000 ; 
Stockbridge, with Alunsees, AVisconsin, 323 ; Tuscaroras. New A^ork, 
305; Two Kettles, Upjier Missouri river. 9(lo ; Utah Tribes, Utah, 
1,200 ; ["talis (New Mexico), New Mexico, 2,500; Uncopapas, Upper 
Missouri river, 2,(>S0 ; AVashington Territory Tribes, AVashington Ter 
ritory, 14,oo0 ; AViniiefiagoes, iTp])er Missouri river, 2,25(i ; AVyandots, 
Kansas. 435 ; A'anctonnais (^Alissouri). U])per Missouri river. 3.840. 
Since the Revolution many of these tribes have been constantly up in 
arms against the whites. The Indian War of 1790, the Barbarv War 
of 1S03, the Tecuuiseh AVar of ISoi. the British Indians War of 18l2. 
15, the Algerine AVar of lsl5, the lirst and second rebellions of the 
Seininoles, 1817 and 1S35, the Black Hawk AVar of 1832, the Alinne- 
sota Massacre of 1802, the Peigan War of 1867, the Sioux AV'ar of 


1875-8, the Nez Perces War of 1877. and the Apaches Wai' of 1883. 
with a thousand otlier minor affairs convey an idea of the manner in 
which the conquest of the Indian nations was affected. 

From the days of Cortez and Pizarro to our own times war lias 
been waged at intervals tlirou"iiout the two Americas. In our own 
country the t'ullowiiii'' iiaiiK^l wars have enofa^-ed the attention ot" the 
iidiaijitants from f<i7.") to ISS3: King Philip's AVar, 167-'J ; King AVil- 
liam"s War, 1<)89 ; Dutch War, lt'>73 ; Queen Anne's War, 1741 ; French 
and Indian War. 1753 ; American Revolution. 1775 ; Indian War, 1790; 
IJarharv War, 18(i3 ; Tecumseh War, 18(U ; War of 1812, 1812 ; Alger- 
ine War, 1815; First Seminole War, 1817; Black Hawk War, 1832; 
Second Seminole War, 1835 ; Mexican War, 184<i ; the Southern liebel- 
lion, IS'U ; Sioux W;ir. 1875-7S. The Ivevolutionary AVar may be said 
to l)egin with the agitation against the Stamp Act in 17<i5, and to end 
with the inglorious surrender of Cornwallis to Washington and Lafay- 
ette, October 19, 1781. In April, 1783 Congress notified Washington 
of the treaty of peace just entered into, and on April 18th, at ISew- 
burg. the commander-in-chief ordered the ]n'oclamation to be read at 
the head of evei'v regiment, and religious services to be held. On 
April 19tli. 2<it]i. 21st and 22(1 festivities were the rule in honor of 
complete victory. Acting under Wasliington's order of April 19, 
1783. pi'eparations for the jllumination of the victory building were 
made. The headquarters' regiments, then in Newbui'g cantonment, 
were ordered to cut and square 121 pieces of timber to seven inches, 
deliver the same to Cohjnel (youvion. the French officer in charge of 
the illuminations, and act under iiis directions in erecting the building. 
The regiments were Maryland Detachment. Fourth Ilegiment, Jersey 
liegiment, Jersey Pattalion. First New York Regiment, Second New 
York Regiment, Hampshire Regiment, Hampshire Battalion, First 
Massachusetts Regiment, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment. Seventh 
Massachusetts Regiment. Second Massachusetts Regiment. Fifth Mass- 
achusetts Regiment. Eightli Afassaclmsetts Regiment and Third Mass- 
achusetts Regiment. Tiie slxjel^ss troops worked in the forest until 
the 2iith of April, delivered the timi)er. erected the great fi'ame for 
illumination, and thus celebrated the defeat of the British. 

The troops of tlie Revolution were made up of 231.n75 regular 
infantry and cavalry, and 5f;,n33 militia. The states contriljuting were 
the free states. 172.819 regulars, and 4.").91o militia. Slave states. 
58,255 regulars, and 10.123 militia. 

Notwithstanding the utter I'out and defeat of the English, that 
nation reoi'ganized foi' revenge, and under many guises I)rougl)t on the 
War of 1812. Their motto was. •' we will punish that U|)start Yankee 
nation, take its navv and some of its territory." Toward this end they 
disptitched war vessels, fully manned and equipjied. to cajiture 
or destroy the 2(i war shi])s of the United States. A few •■ Yankee" 
sailors swept this Heet from our ocean and sea coasts, destroying for- 
ever all hope in I>ritisli heai'ts for tlie restoration of tyranny here. 
The defeat of Proctor's Fnglisli and Indians in Canada closed this last 
struggle for English supremacy. 

The Mexican War brought other successes to the Union, resulted in 


the acquisition of some territory ; but above all formed a military 
school in which many soldiers of the Union studied the art of war, and 
])repared themselves to l)e of use in the greater struggle, then unseen, 
to preserve the Union itself. 

The War of tiie Kebellion commenced in iscd and ended in 1865. 
The fall of Fort Sumter was a signal for the uprising of the people. 
The news of the calamity was flashed throughout the world on April 
14, 1861, and early the next morning the proclamation of President 
Lincoln was telegra])hed to the chief executive officer of each state. 
The proclamations of the governors were issued April Ki, 1861, and on 
that the same day every man within the loyal states was prepared to 
act a citizen's part. The number of men called for by the president 
was 2,942,7-f8 and the number obtained 2,690,4(il. The rei'nlistments 
brought the number up to 2,.S59,132, while the number who commuted 
or obtained substitutes was 86,724. 

The troops furnislied l)y the Southern States were, with the excep- 
tion of those of Louisiana, nearly all white. Florida furnished two 
regiments of cavalry ; Alabama one white regiment ; Mississipjii one 
iiattalion, and N(n'th t'ai'olina two regiments, one cavalry. The calls 
of October, 1868, and February, 1861, were combined, aiul tiie pi'oduct 
of the draft July, 1863, credited thereon. 

In addition to above total, 63,322 men were obtained from the 
territories and secession states under the different calls. The draft 
gave 168,649 men. The number of colored troops was 186,097. 

The f Confederates succeeded in enlisting 6(i(),(iou men, of whom one 
third wei-e killed on the field or died of wounds or disease. The re- 
maining 400,000 were captured, or became prisoners by surrender, or 
deserted. The total losses of the North and South a]>i)roxi mated to 
600,000 men. The war cost the Unite<l States about H4,000,o00,oo(.i. 

The Chronological History of the United States has been pi'epared 
with great care. It covers the leading events in American history, 
and for this reason it must prove invaluable as a plain I'ecord and 
reference. • 

1493 Columbus sails from Spain August 3 ; arrives at Sim Sulvailor, Oc- 
tober 12 ; at Cul)a, Octohcr 28 ; and Hayti, December 0. 

1497 Cabot iliscovers Labrador, July 3. 

1498 Colundjus discovers South America, August 10. 

1501 ]\'egro slaves imported iuto Si^anish America, or Hisijaniola. 

Americas Vesjnicius discovers Brazil. 
1506 Columbus died. May 20. 

1512 Florida discovered by Ponce de Leon, April 0. 

1513 Balboa discovers the Pacific ocean. 

1520 Carolina visited by Lucas V^asqnez de Ayllon, September 29. 
1534-5 Cartier came up St. Lawrence to Montreal in June. 

1521 Mexico conquered by Cortez. 

1524 Coast of North America explored by John Yerazani. 

1541 De Soto discovered the Mississippi. 

1562 Huguenots settled at Port Ivoyal. 

15G4 Huguenots settled in Florida. 

1565 St. Augustine. Fla.. settled liy Spaniards. September 18. 

1583 Henry Gilbert's troops take New Foundland. 


1585 First Eiiglisli colony arrived on Roanoke Island under h'aleiffh. 

1587 Second atteni])t to form the settlement. 

1602 C'iijie t'od discovered bv Bart, (iosnold, ilay 24. 

1605 Port Royal. N. S.. settled by the French. 

1606 London and Plymouth Comi)anics chartered. 

1607 Jamestown settled by the London Company. 

Plymouth Company settled on the Kennebeck river, August 31. 
KiOS Quebec founded by the French under Cham2:)laiu, July ,"5. 
160!) Mrginia received its second charter, June 3. 

Hudson river discovered by Hudson. September 3L 
1610 Starving time in Virginia. 
1613 Virginia received its third charter, ilarch 32. 

1613 Pocahontas married to Rolfe in Api-il. 

1614 John Smitli explored New Kngland coast. 
New York settled by the Dutch. 

1616 Tol)acco culture commenced in Virginia. 

Father Le Caron in the West. 
1(;30 Plyuiouth, Mass., settled Ijy I'uritans. 

Negroes introduced as slaves. 

Charter granted to Council of Plymouth. 

A Dutch vessel with first negro slaves entered James river. 
1631 Treaty with Massasoite. April 1. 
1623 First Indian massacre in Virginia. April 1. 
1623 New Hampshire settled at Little Harbor and Dover. 
1637 Delaware and New Jersey settled by Swedes and Finns. 
1633 Maryland settled by Irisli Catholics, under the leadership of Lord 
Baltimore at St. Mary's, and Baltimore named after a village of 
that name in Cork county, Ireland. 
1633-4 College founded in Baltimore. 

Nicollet traveled in Michigan and the West. 
1633 Connecticut settled at Windsor in October. 

1636 Rhode Island settled at Providence. Harvard College founded. 

1637 The Pequod war. 

1638 Delaware settled, near Wilmington, April. 

1641 New Hampshire settlements united to Massachusetts. 
French mission in the Northwest. 

1643 Union of the New England colonies formed. May 39. 

1644 Second Indian massacre in Virginia. April. 

1645 Clayborne's rebellion in Maryland. 

1650 North Carolina settled on the Chowan river. 

1651 The " Navagation Act" passed by the British Parliament. 
1653 The Maine settlementi? united in "Massachusetts. 

1655 Civil War in ^Maryland. 

New Sweden conquered by the Dutch, October. 

1663 Carolina granted to Clarendon and others. 

1664 New York became an English jjrovince : New Amsterdam changed 

to New York, September .S. 
New Jersey settled, at Elizabethtown. 

1665 Mesnard, Allouez and others exploi'e the West. 
1668 Father Marquette at St. Maire. 

1670 South Carolina settled, on the Ashley river. 
1673 Virginia granted to Culpepper and Arlington. 

Marquette and Joliet explore the Illinois country. 


1675 King Pliillipii'.s wnr begun, attaok on Swaiizey, .Inly 4. 

Marquette died. May 18. 
167(! Bacon's Kebellinu. 
1680 La Salle. Ilenueiiiii aiul otlier Frencli ex[)lorei-.s on tlie Mississippi. 

Cliarleston founded. 

New Hampshire made a royal provinrf. September "-28. 
1682 Pennsylvania settled by Quakers. 

Delaware granted by the Duke of York to William Penn, August 31. 
1686 Andros arrived at Boston as Governor of New England, December 30. 

1689 King William's war commenced. Attack upon Dover, July 7. 

1690 Schenectady burued Ijy the French and Indian.s, February 8. Port 

Roval taken by the English under Phipps, May. 

1692 "Salem Witchcraft " delusion prevailed. 

1697 King Willianr's war terminated. Septendier 20. 

1702 Queen Anne's wai- commenced. 

1710 Port Riiyal, Nova Scotia, captured by the English, October 13. 

1713 Queen Anne's war termiiuited. April 11. 

1729 North and South C'ai'nlina became separate provinces, July. 

1732 Washington born, in Westmoreland county, Virginia. February 22. 

1733 Georgia settled, at Savannah, February 12. 
1741 "The Negro Plot," in New York. 

1744 King George's war begun. 

1745 Louisburg captured l)y the English, June 28. 
1748 King George's war ended, October 18. 

1753 Washington sent with a letter from Dinwiddle, October 31. 

1754 Washington delivered St. Pierre's reply to Dinwiddle, December 11. 
The battle of Great Meadows, May 28. 

Congress of Commissioners met at Albany, June. 
The liattle of Fort Necessity, July 4. 

1755 French expelled from Nova Scotia by Moiicton, June. 
Braddock's defeat at the battle of i\Ionongahela, July 9. 

The British defeated by Dieskau, near Lake George, September 8. 
Dieskau defeated by the British at Lake George, September 8. 

1756 Great Britain declared war against France, May 17. 
France declared war against Great Britain. June 9. 

The French, under .Montcalm, captured Oswego, August 14. 
Indians defeated at Kittaniug. September 8. 

1757 Fort William Henry sun-ejidered to Montcalm, August 0. 
The nuissacre at Fort William Henry, August 10. 

1758 Lord Howe killed in a skirmish at Ticonderoga, July 0. 
Abererombie I'epulsed by .Montcalm at 'I'iconderoga, July 8. 
Louisburg taken by Amhei'st ami Wolfe, July 26. 

Fort Frontenac surrendered to the FjUglish, August 27. 
Grant defeated by Aubry. near Fort Duquesne. Septeiaber 21. 

1759 Ticonderoga and Crown Point abandoned by the French. 
Niagara surrendereil to the English, under John.sou, July 25. 
Battle of Montmorenci, July 31. 

Battle of the Plains of Abraham. September 13. 
Quebec surrendered to the English, September IS. 

1760 '{'he French attempted the recovery of Quebec, April 28. 
Montreal and the whole of Canada surrendered to the English. Sep- 
tember 8. 

17<>3 '{'he Peace of Pai'is bctweeti Great Britain and France. Februai-y Id. 


K'J3 Florida ceded to Great Britain by Spain. February 10. 
1765 The Stamp Act j)assed by the British Parliament. March 8. 

A Colonial Congress met at New York, October 7. 
1760 The Staini) Act repealed by the British Parliament. March 18. 
1767 A bill imposing duties on glass, paper, etc.. passed .June 'i'.i. 
1708 A bodv of British troops arrived at ]5oston. September 27. 
1770 "• The Boston Massacre." ^March .5. 

All duties, exce})t on tea, repealed by Parliament, April 12. 

1773 The cargoes of tea at Boston thrown overboard, December 10. 

1774 "Boston Port Bill" passed by Pai'liameut, March. 

•' The First Continental Congress " met at Philadelphia, Septemboi' .i. 
Declaration of Rights. November 4. 
177o The battle of Lexington April 19. 

The Revolution; battle of Lexington, Apiril 19: perp.etnal Union 
of colonies. May 20; Washington appointed Comnnuider in-Chief, 
in May; Marshal of France, by King Louis, in July, 1776. 

The five sons of Maurice O'Brien made the first naval capture. 

Ticonderoga taken by the Americans, Jlay 10; Bunker Hill, defeat 
of Americans — British lost 1,054, Americans lost 453. 

Captain John Barry received the first naval commission. 

Wasliington takes command at Cand)ridge, July 3; Continental fast, 
July "2(t; Falmouth burned by British, October 17; Montreal sur- 
rendei'ed to Montgomerv. November 13: Battle of Quebec, Decem- 
ber 31. 
1770 Xorfolk destroyed by Britisii. Jauuary 1: Boston evacuated by Brit- 
ish. March 17; Battle of Fort Moultrie, South Carolina. June 28. 
The Americans took imssession of Dorchester Heights, March 17: 
Washington arrived at New York, April 14; Battle of liong Isl- 
and. August 27; New York abandoned by the Americans, Septem- 
ber 15; Battle of Fort Washington, New York. November 10; 
Fort Lee. New Jersey, taken by I5ritish, November 18; (Jeneral 
Lee taken prisoner, December 13. 

Iude]iendcnce declared, .luly 4; commissioners to solicit tlie aid of 
the French. 

Battle of Brooklyn. August 27: Howe lost 2,000, but succeeded in 
defeating Sullivan and Putnam, who lost only 400; New York 
evacuated by Americans: Battle of White Plains, October 28; 
Howe lost 300 or 400, but defeats Washington; Washington re- 
treated beyond the Dehiware, November 28. 

Congress adjourned to Baltimore. December 13. Battle of Trenton, 
December 20; Washington defeats Rahl; the Americans lost nine 
men, the English 1.000. 
1777 Battle near Princeton, Janmiry 3; Americans lost 100: Mayhood's 
English command was defeated and lost 400. 

Battle of Bennington; Stark lost 100: but defeats Baum and Bre- 
men's English comnumds, and kills 600 of the enemy. 

Battle of Brandywine. Seiitember 11: Howe defeats the A tucricans. 
Philadelphia possessed by the British, September 27; Biittle of 
(iermantown, October 4: defeat of Washington liy Howe. The 
battle of Stillwater: J?urgoyne defeated by Gates, October 7. Sar- 
atoga. October 17: Burgoyne surrenders with 5,752 men. 

On April 25, Lafayette landed at the little port of Georgetown, at 
the mouth of the Great Pee Dee river in South Carolina: and 


from tliat day forward the career of Marie Jean Paul Koch Yves 
Gilbert Motier, Marquis De Lafayette, has held a place in the his- 
tory of America, and in the interest and affection of the Ameri- 
can peojjle. 

1778 Treaty with France, February 0. June 18, Philadelphia evacuated 

by British. June 28, battle of Monmouth; Americans defeat 

their enemies. 
The French troops under Count d'Estaing, with twelve shi])s-of-the 

line and six frigates, arrived in July. Counts, Dillon, MacMahon, 

Walshe, Roche, Lafayette, Rochambeau were among the officers. 

Battle of Eliode Island, August 29; Sullivan defeats Pigott. 
Savannah taken by British, December 29. A"ew Haven plundered 

by the British. Wyoming massacre, July 3. Clierrv A'alley 


1779 The battle of Stony Ferry, South Carolina, June 20. 
Tryon's third expedition against Connecticut, July. 
The battle of Stony Point, New York, July 15. 

Britisli garrison at Paulus Hook surprised by Lee, July 19. 
The battle of the Penobscot, Maine, August 1.3. 
Sullivan's ex]iedition against the Lulians. 
" The Battle of the Chemung," New York, August 29. 
Savannah besieged by the French and Americans, September, Octo- 
Paul Jones' naval battle off the coast of England, September 2.'3. 
D'Estaing and Lincoln repulsed at Savannah, October 9. 

1780 Charleston besieged by the British, April, May. 

The battle of Monk's Corner, South Carolina, Af)ril 14. 

Charleston surrendered to the British. May 12. 

The battle of Waxhaw. South Carolina, May 29. 

The battle of Springfield, New Jersey, June 2.3. 

Frencli Fleet arrived at Newport, Rhode Island. July 10. 

The battle of Rocky Mount, Soutli Carolina, July 30. 

The battle of Hanging Rock, South Carolina, August G. 

The battle of Sanders' Creek, South Carolina, August 16. 

The battle of Fishing Creek, South Carolina, August 18. 

Arnold's treason. 

Andre executed as a spy at Tappan, New Yoi'k, October 2. 

The battle of King's Mountain, South Carolina, October 7. 

The battle of Fishdarn Ford, Scnith Carolina, November 12. 

The battle of Blackstocks, South Carolina, Noveml^er 20. 

1781 Revolt of the Pennsylvania troops. January 1. 

The battle of the' Cowpens, iSouth Carolina. January 17. 

The revolt of New Jersey troops, January 18. 

Arnold's depredation in Vii'giiiia, .January. 

Cornwallis's pursuit of Morgan and (ii'eene, January, February. 

The battle of Guilford Court House. North Carolina, March 1.5. 

Articles of C'onfederation ratified bv the States. 

The battle of Hobkirk Hill, South Carolina. A\m\ 2."). 

Siege of Ninety-six by General Greene, May, June. 

The battle of Ninety-six, Soutli Carolina, June IS. 

Colonel Ilayne executed by the British, at Charleston, July 31. 

Arnold's expedition against ('onnecticut, September. 

The battle of Fort Griswold, C'onnecticut, Sej^tember (i. 


17S1 The battle of Eiitaw SpTinjis. South Carolina. September 8. 

The siege of Yorktowu, Mrgiiiia. October. 

The surrender of Cornwallis. at Yorktown, October I'.l. 
1783 Preliminarv articles of peace signed at Paris, November 3(). 
1783 Cessation of hostilities proclaimed in the American army. April I'.i. ] 

Savannah, Georgia, evacuated by the British, July 11. j 

Definite treaty of peace signed at Paris, September 3. ; 

American army disbanded by orders of Congress, November 3. ''■ 

New York evacuated by the British, November 25. 

Charleston, South Carolina, evacuated by the British, December 14. ■ 

Washington resigns his commission, December "23. '| 

1785 John Adams, ambassador to England. • 

1787 Shay's Rebellion, in Massachusetts. •; 
Constitution of the United States agreed on by the convention of J 

delegates at Philadelphia, September 1 7. J 

Cotton introduced into Georgia. ,! 

1788 Patification of Constitution by all States excej)! Phode Island and j 

North Carolina. ' 

1789 The first Congress under the Constitution met at New Y'ork. : 

March 4. " • 
Washington inaugurated President of the United States, April IW. 

1790 Harmar defeated bv the Indians, in Indiana, October 17, 22. ■ 

1791 United States bank established at Philadelphia. ' ■ 
Vermont admitted into the Union. March 4. i 
St. Clair defeated by the Indians, in Ohio, November 4. '\ 

1792 Kentuckv admitted into the Uuion, June 1. ' 

1793 The diflficulties with France. ; 

1794 Wayne defeated by tlie Indians, on the Maumec. August 2ii. 

" Whisky Insurrection "' in Pennsylvania. .] 

1795 " Jay's Treaty " with (xreat Britain ratified, June 24. ; 
Treaties with the Western Indians, Spain and Algiers. 

1790 Tennessee admitted into the Union. June 1. 

1797 John Adams iiniugurated President of the United States, March -I. ', 

1709 The death of Washington, December 14. j 

1800 The seat of government removed to Washington. 1 
Treaty of peace concluded with France, September 30. j 

1801 Thomas Jefferson inaugurated President, March 4. ', 
War declared against the United States by Tri])oli, .Tune 10. 

1802 Ohio admitted into the Union, November 29. '. 

1803 Louisiana purchased of France. April 30. 

Conimodore Preble sent against Tripoli. ; 

1804 The frigate Philadelphia destroyed by Decatur, February 15. .', 
The duel between Hamilton and ]5urr. July 11. 

1805 Derne, a Tripolitan city, captured by Eaton, April 27, : 
Treaty of peace concluded with Trijioli, June 3. 

180(; British blockade from the Elbe to Brest declared. May 10. - 

Bonajsarte issued his "Berlin Decree" November 21. '< 

181)7 British "Orders in Council"" prohibited coast trade witli France. ""' 

January 7. , 

American frigate Chesajjeake attacked by the Leopard. June 22. 

British armed vessels ordered to leave the United States. Julv. ! 

Britisli " Orders in Council " prohibited all trade with France and j 

her allies, November 11. i 


1807 Aiu'oii IJnrr tried for treiison, and acquitted. September. 

Bonaparte issued liis "Milan Decree," December 17. 

Embargo on American sliips laid b}' Congress. December 33. 
isoi) Commerce witli Britain and France interdicted by Congress, 
March 1. 

James Madison inaugurated President. March -4. 
1811 Action between the frigate President and Little Belt, May IG. 

Battle of Tippecanoe, Indiana, November 7. 
1813 Louisiana admittted into the Union. April 8. 

War against Great Bi-itain ]iroclaiined bv the United States, 
June 19. 

Invasion of Canada by (ieneral Hull, .luly 13. 

Surrender of Fort Mackinaw, ilichigan, July 17. 

'i'he first battle of Brownstown, .Michigan, August 5. 

The second battle of Brownstown. August 9. 

Surrender of Detroit, ilichigan, by General Hull, .August 10. 

British sloo}) Alert taken by the frigate Essex, August 13. 

British frigate Guerriere taken by the Constitution, August 19. 

The battle of Queenstown, (Canada, October 13. 

British bi'ig Frolic taken by the Wasp, October 18. 

15ritish frigate Macedonian taken by the L^nited States, October 35. 

British frigate Java taken by the Constitution, December 39. 

1813 The battle of Fi-enchtown, Michigan. January 33. 
British brig Peacock taken by tlie Hornet. February 34. 
Madison commenced a second presidential term. March 4. 
The battle of York. Canada. April 37. 

Fort Meigs, on the Maumce. besieged by Proctor, May 1. 

The battle of Fort Meigs. Ohio, May .i. 

Fort George, Canada, taken by the Americans, Mav 37. 

The battle of Sacketfs Harbor, New York. May 39. 

American frigate Chesapeake taken by the Shannon, June 1. 

The battle of Fort Stephenson, Ohio, August 3. 

American brig Argus taken by the Pelican, August 14. 

Creek War commenced by the massacre at Fort Mims, August 30. 

British brig Boxer taken by the Enterprise, September 5. 

Perry's victory op Lake Erie, September 10. 

The battle of the Thames, Canada, October 5. 

Tlie battle of Chrvsler's Field. Canada, November 11. 

1814 The battle of Toliopeka, the last of the Creek War, March 37. 
American frigate Essex taken bv the Phoebe and Cherub. March 38. 
The battle of "La Colle Mill, Catiada, March 30. 

I5ritish brig Epervier taken by the Peacock. April 39. 

British slooj) Reindeer taken by the American sloop Wasp, June 38. 

Fort Erie captured by tlie Americans, July 3. 

The battle of Chippewa, Canada, July .5. 

The battle of Lundy's Lane, or Bridgewater, Canada., .Tuly 3.5. 

The first battle of F'ort Erie, Canada, August 1.5. 

The battle of Bladensburg. Maryland. August 34. 

The city of Washington taken by the British, August 34. 

British sloop Avon taken by the American sloop ^\'asp. September 1. 

McDonough's victory on Lake C'hamplaiii, Sejitemlier 11. 

Tbc battle of Plattsburg. New York, September 11. 

The battle of North Point. Maryland, September 13. 

onEoNor/xjY of the itnitkd states. 27 

ISU The battle of Fovt Arcllenrv, :\ranliin<l. September 1;!. 

Tlic battle of Fort Bow\'er, Alabama. September l."i. 

'I'lie second battle of Fort Fi'ie. C'aiiada, Sejjtember 1] . 

The ]?riti.sli driven from Pensaeola tiy (leneral Jackson. November 7. 

'I'lie battle on Lake Borgne. Ijonisiaua, December 14. 

Hartford Convention, Decemlter. 

Tlie battle nine miles from New Orleans, December 23. 

Treaty of peace between the United States and Great Britain. J)e- 
cember 24. 
1815 The battle of New Orleans. January 8. 

American frigate President captured liy a I^ritish sipiadron. .laii- 
uary 15. 

The Cayanne and Ijevaut taken by the Constitution, February 20. 

The British brig- Penguin taken liy the Hornet, March 23. 

War with Algiers declared by Congress, Mai'cli. 

Commodore Decatur sent against Algiers, May. 
181(> Bank of United States re-chartered for twenty years, April Id. 

Indiana admitted into the Union. Decemlier 11. 

1817 James ilonroe inaugurated Pi'esident, March 4. 
Mississip])i iidmitted into the Union, December 10. 
The Seminoles and Creeks commenced depredations. 

1818 General Jackson went against the hostile Indians, March. 
Pensacola seized by (ieneral Jackson, May 24. 

Illinois admitted into the Union, December 3. 
]81'.l Alabama admitted into the Union, December 14. 

1820 Maine admitted into the Union, March 15. 

Florida ceded to the Ignited States by Spain. October. 

1821 Missouri admitted into the Union. August lo. 

1824 Lafayette visited the United States, August. 

1825 John Qiiincy Adams inaugurated President, Marcli 4. 

1820 Death of the two ex-])residents. Adams and Jefferson, July 4. 

182!) Andrew Jackson inaugurated President. Marcli 4. 

1S31 Death of ex-Pi'esident ilonroe, July 4. 

1832 ••'{'he Black Hawk War." " Nullitication " in South Carolina. 

1833 Kenioval of the government funds from the United States Bank, 


1835 War with the Seminoles commenced. 

General Thompson and friends mas.sacred by tlie Seminoles, Decem- 
ber 28. 
Major Dade and party massacred by the Seminoles. Deccmbei' 28. 

1836 Arkansas admitted into the Union, June 15. 

1837 Michigan admitted into the Union, Januarv 20. 
Martin Van Buren inaugurated President. March 4. 
The l)attle of Okecliobee, Florida, December 25. 

1S41 William Henry Harrison inaugurated President, March 4. 

Death of William Heni'y Harrison, Ajiril 4. 

John Tyler inaugurated President, A])ril 0. 
1842 The war with the Seminoles terminated. 

The "Dorr Kebellion " in Rhode Island. 
1845 Joint resolutions for the annexation of Texas signed. .March 1. 

James K. Polk inaugurated President, March 4. 

Florida admitted into the Union, March 3. 

Texas admitted into the Union. December 29. 

2S iNTRonroTioN. 

184fi 'riionitoifs party captured by the Mexicans, Texas, April 26. 
Fort Brown bombarded bv tlie Mexicans, Mav. 
The battle of Palo Alto, Texas, May 8. 
The battle of Eesaca de la Palnia, Texas, May 9. 
Congress declared ''war existed by the act of Mexico,"' May 11. 
Taylor crossed the Kio Grande and took Matamoras, May IS. 
Monterey, Mexico, surrendered to General Taylor, September 'ii. 
The battle of Bracito, ^Mexico, December 25. 
Iowa admitted to the Union, December 38. 

1847 The battle of Baena Vista, Mexico, February 23. 
The battle of Sacramento, Mexico, February 28. 

The surrender of Vera Cruz to General Scott, March 27. 
The battle of Cerro Gordo. Mexico, April 18. 
The battles of Contreras and Churubusco, Mexico, August 20. 
The battle of ilolina del Key, Mexico, September 8. 
The battle of Chapultepec, Mexico, September 13. 
The city of ]\Iexico entered bv the Americans, under Scott, Septem- 
ber 14. 
The battle of Huamantla, Mexico, October 9. 

1848 Treaty of peace signed at Guadalupe Hidalgo, February 2. 
Wisconsin admitted into the Union, May 29 

1849 Zacharv Taylor inaugurated President, March 5. 

1850 The death of President Taylor, July 9. 
Millard Fillmore inaugurated President, July 10, 
California admitted into the Union, September 9. 

1853 Franklin Pierce inaugurated President, ilarch 4. 

1854 "Kansas-Nebraska Bill " passed, June. 

1857 James Buchanan inaugurated President, March 4. 

1858 Minnesota admitted into the Union, May 11. 

1859 Oregon admitted into the Union, February 14. 
John Brown's raid into Virginia, October 16. 

1800 Secession ordinance ^lassed by South Carolina, December 20. 
1861 Secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, 
Texas, Virginia, Arkansas and North Carolina declared. 
Steamer Star of the West, oflf Charleston, fired into, January 9. 
Kansas admitted into the Union, January 29. 

"Southern Confederacy" formed at ilontgomery, Alabama, Febru- 
ary 4. 
Jefferson Davis inaugurated President of the Confederacy, February 

Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President of the United States, 

March 4. 
Fort Sumter attacked by the Confederates, April 12, 13. 
President Lincoln calls for 75,000 troops, April 15. 
Volunteer troops attacked in Baltimore, April 19, 
The President issues a second call for troops. May 4. 
Confederate victory at Big Bethel, Virginia, June 10. 
Union victory at Komney, Virginia, June 11. 
Union victory at Booneville, Missouri, June 17. 
Meeting of Congress in extra session, July 4. 
Battle of Carthage, Missouri, July 5. 
Battle of Rich Mountain, Virginia, July 11. 
Battle near Centreville. Virginia, Julv 18. 

iHKi>.NuI.ix,T OF THE CXITED .STATE.*. 29 

1861 Confederate Congres-s meets at Kichmond, Jalv 20. 
Battle of Bull Run, Virginia, Jnly 21. 
Battle of Dug Spring, ilissonri, Augii-rt 2. 
Battle of Wilson's Creek, Missonri, Angtist 10. 
Forts Hatteras and Clark, North Carolina, captured, August 2'J. 
Confederates take Lexington, Missouri, September 20. 
Battle of Edwarrls' Ferry, or Ball's Bluff, Virginia, October 21. 
Capture of Port Royal, entrance by Union fleet. Xovember 7. 
Battle of Belmont, Missouri, Xovember T. 
Mason and Slidel taken from English steamer, November 8. 

1862 Battle of Mill Spring, Ken tuckyr .January 19. 
Fort Henry cap'_nred by Union fleet, Febmarv 6. 
Roanoke Island captured by Union forces, February 8. 
Fort Donelson captured by Union forces, February 16. 
Battle of Pea Ridge. Arkansa-s. March 6. 8. 
United States vessels, (Jongress and Cumberland sunk by the Merri- 

mac. March 8. 
Engagement between the Monitor and Merrimac. March '.•. 
Newbern, North Carolina, captured by Union troops, March 14. 
Battle of Winchester. Virginia, March 2-3. 
Battle of Pittsburg Landing, or Shiloh. Tennessee. April 6, 7. 
Capture of Island No. 10. Mississippi river. April T. 
Fort Pulaski, Georgia, captured by Union fleet. April II. 
New Orleans captured by Union forces. April 2o. j 

Battle of Williamsburg. Virginia. May o. i 

Norfolk, Virginia, surrendered to the Unionists, May 10. j 

Confederates retreat from Corinth. Mississippi, May 28, 29. 
Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks. May .31, .June 1. 
Memphis, Tennessee, surrendered to the Unionists, June 6. 
Seven days' contest on the Virginia peninsula, June 25 to .July 1. 
The President calls for -300. OiX) more troops. July 1. " "^ 

Battle of Cedar Mountain. Virginia. August 9. 1 

Pope's battles between Manassas and Washington. August 23-30. | 

Battle near Richmond, Kentucky. August 30. i 

Invasion of Maryland by Lee's army, Septeml>er o. ] 

Battle of South Mountain. Maryland. September 1-1. ^ 

Har{)er's Ferry surrendered to the Confederates, September 1-5. ; 

Battle of Antietam. Maryland, September IT. \ 

Battle of Munfordsville. Kentucky, September II. 

Battle of Inka. Mississippi. September 19. i 

Battle of Corinth. Mississippi, October 4. j 

Battle of Perryville. Kentucky. October 8. | 

Battle of Fredericksburg. Virginia. December 13. 

Union repulse at Vicksburg. Mississippi. December 29. ; 

Battle of Stone River, or Jlurfreesboro'. Tennessee. December 31. ' 

1863 The President's Emancipation Proclamati'.n issued. January 1. ; 
Battle of Murfreesboro' resumed and ended, .January 2. 

Arkansas Post captured by Union forces, January U. " , 

Bombardment of Fort Sumter. South Carolina, April 7. ^ 

Union cavaln.- raid, under Griersou. in Mississippi, April. i 

Battle at Port Gibson. Mississippi. Mav I. 
Battle of Chancellorsville. Virginia. May 2. 3. 
Battle of Raymond, Mississippi, May 12. 


I,sil3 ITiiion victory near Jackson. Mississippi. May 14. 

Hattle of Champion Hill. Mississippi; Montana organized. May IG. 
Battle at Big Black River. :Mississippi. May 17. 
Second invasion of Maryland by Lee's army, June. 
West N^irginia admitted into the Union, June 20. 
Battle of Gettysburg. Pennsylvania. July 1. :}. 
Vicksburg surreiulered by the Confederates, July 4. 
Port Hudson surrendered by the Confeilerates. July 8. 
(Jreat riot in ^s'ew York, July lo. 10. 
Morgan defeated near Kyger's Creek. Ohio, July 2\. 
Morgan captured near New Libson. Oliio, July W. 
Koi-t Wagner. South Carolina., captured by Union troops. September 6. 
Battle of Chickaniauga. Georgia. Seiitember 19. 20. 
Knoxville. Tennessee", invested by the Confederates, November 18. 
Union victory at Lookout Mountain. (Jeorgia, November 24. 
Union victory at Mission Uidge. Georgia, November 25. 
Union victory at Knoxville. Kentucky, November 29. 
1S(;4 The Presideiit orders a draft for more men, February 1. 
Biittle of Olustee. Florida, February 20. 
(irant created Ijieutenant-General. March 3. 
Fort ])e Ku,, Louisiami. cai)tured by Union troops. .Mai-cdi 14. 
Battle of Cane Kiver. Louisiiina. March 26. 

Battle of Mansfield, or Sabine Iloads. Louisiana. A])ril 8. 

l?attle of Pleasant Hill. Louisiana. April 9. 

Fort Pillow. Tennessee, captured by the Confederates, April 12. 

Plymouth. North Carolina, surreiulered to the Confederates. April 20. 
Army of the Potomac commenced a forward movement. May 3. 

Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia, May 5. 7. 

March from Chattanooga against Atlanta commenced. May 8. 

Battle near Spottsylvan'ia Court House, Virginia. May 7, 12. 

Battle of Uesaca, Georgia. May 15. 

Battle of Newmarket, Virginia, May 15. 

Arniv of the Potomac crossed to south side of the James, June 14. 

Battle between the Kearsarge and Alabama. June 19. 

Invasion of Maryland by Early's army. July 5. 

Battle of Monoeacy. Maryland. July i). 

The President calls for five hundred thousand volunteers. July 18. 

I?;ittles before Atlanta. Georgia, July 20, 22. 28. 

Chamljersburg, Peniusylvania. sacked and burned, July 30. 

Explosion of mine anil LTnion repuLe at Petersburg. July 30. 

Confederates defeated in Mobile Bay. Alaltama, August 5. 

Weldon railroad seized by Union troops, August 18. 

Atlanta. Georgia. ea])tured in- Union army. September 2. 

Battle of Winchester, Virginia, September 19. 

Battle of Fisher's Hill. Virginia. September 22. 

Battle of Cedar Creek. Virginia. Octolier 19. 

Confederate ram Alljcmarle destroyed by torpedo. Octolier 4. 

j'lvniouth. North (Carolina. recai)turod by Union troops. October 31. 

Nevada admitted into the LTiiion. October 31. 

Battle of Franklin. Tennessee. November 30. 

Battle near Nashville, Tennessee. December Ki. 

Savannah. Georgia, captured by Union army. December 21. 
1805 Fort Fisher, North Carolina, captured January 15. 


18G5 Constitutional AimMnlnieiit abolishino- slavery, January .'!1. 

Columbia, South ('arolina, eajitured. February IT. 

Charleston. South Carolina, captured by Union troops, Februarv 18. 

Wilmington. North Carolina, captured bv Union troops, Februarv 

Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina, March lU, -H). 

Battle near (Joldsboro", North Carolina, March 21. 

Battle of Foi't Stead man, Virginia. March 25. 

Petersburg and Ricliinoiul ra]itni-ed, April 3. 

Surrender of Lee's army. April '.I. 

Mobile. Alabama, captui'ed by Union forces. Api-il 13. 

President Lincoln assassinated, April 14. 

Andrew Johnson inaugurated President. April l.j. 

Surrender of Johnston's army, April 2(i. 

Jetferson Davis captured in (Tcorgia. May Id. 

Close of the <ircat L'ebelliou ; last battle at mouth of Hid (iraiulc. 
May 12, l.'i. 

Slavery declared abdlished, December 18. 
IHi'i] Nebraska admitted into the Union, March 1. 

Alaska purchased from Knssia for |!7,2O0.0OO. June 2ii. 
18(18 The House of Iie]ii-escntativcs impeached President Johnscjii, l''ebru- 
ary 2+. 

The President was declared acquitted, April 26. 
18(J9 Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated Pi-esident, March 4. 
1871 The '■ Alabama Treaty " was concluded, Mav 8. 

The great tire of t'hicago occurred, October 9. 10. 
1873 Second t'hicago tire. 
1870 The Centennial Anniversai'y of American lnde]ientlence. 

The " World's Fair" in Philadelphia, ilay 10 to November 10. 

Colorado admitted into the LTnion, August 1. 
1877 Kntherford B. Hayes iiuiugurated President, March 5. 

1881 James A. Garfield inauguriited President, March 4. 

James A. Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau. at Wsishington. Julv 2. 
James A. Garfield died at Long Branch, September 19. 
Chester A. Arthur imiugnrated President, September 20. 

1882 The Two Cents Postage Hill inti-oduced, December 8. 

1883 Centennial of the evacuation of New Yoi-k by the Bi'itish. Novem- 

ber -^l). following the cajitui'e of Cornwallis at Yorktown. 

1884 James (t. Blaine, the Hepublican nominee for president, defeated. 

A small majority giving New Y(jrk State to Grover Cleveland, the 
nominee of the democratic party. 
lSS,")-f; The ■•Canadian Fishei'ies " and the "Cutting Affaii- " dainu'd 
some attention from the State Depai-tment. Tlie ])i'ess and i)Cdi)le 
prevented a wautnn attack on the sister republic of Mexico. 



ME origin of the name Illinois is variously credited. Some 
]iersons maintain tliat the early French explorers called it 
Ixle an.r Xois or Nut /x/and. while others are ecjuallv 
certain that thealioi'iginesapplied tiie name llliiii in- Land 
of Sujwriitr Men. The tirst jtarty state that, while the 
ex])lorers were en rovte down the Mississi]>pi, they camped 
on an island covered with a heavy growth of ])ecan ti'ees, 
and there gave this name to the conntrv. The second 
party give the authority of Algoncjuin annals for the word 
lUniwol-. meaning men, and also (pmte the Otchipwc and Cree ada])ta- 
tion of the word Inlnhrol: and Iijiiuirol-, as applied to the ]>rairie Indians 
in the same manner as Chicagok was applied to the red settlers along 
Chicago river and their neigh liorhood. This latter definition is acce])ted 
witii very just I'eason ; for the once powerful confedeiacy of the Illinois 
Avas in truth a i-ace of superior Indians. This confederacy comprised 
the Tamai'oas, ilichigans. Kaskasl^ias, Cahokas and Pc^orias, with 
re])resei;tatives of the Miamis and J)elawai'es. who, between lOTO and 
KiT.*! returnetl from the West and settled in this State. Some years 
prior to ItiTo. in Ifi.j."). those tribes inhabited the country south of lakes 
Erie and Michigan, but were driven westward beyond the Mississipj)i 
l)v the Iroquois, where their eight towns stood in 1670, when Father 
Manjuette visited St. Es])rit, on Lake Superior. In 1673 Mai-quette 
and Joliet met them here, and two yeai's later the former established 
the Mission of the Immaculate ('once])tion among them at Kaskaskia, 
seven miles Ijelow the ])resent town of Ottawa. Four years after the 
establishment .of this mission, in H>7H, La Salle found at least six thou- 
sand persons there and four hundred and sixty lodges; and there they 
resided until the Pottawatomie war. when the power of the confederacy 
was shattered at Stai'ved Pock. The Sacs and Foxes inhabited the 
noi'tlnvestei'ii part of this State, and in later years became notorious as 
the allies of the English. In lSr!2 thei'e were twelve Sac families and 
eight Foxes; while Kicka]Kjos. Shawnees, Mascoulins. J'iankishaws. 
Pottawatomies. Otchipwes and Ottawas were I'ejiresented in other parts 
of the State, as related in the history of the county. 

KJo.") First Iroquois Invasion of Illinois. 
1071 Exploration by Nicholas Perrot. 
](J7'.i Exploration by Fathers AUouez and Dablou. 



1CT3 Keturii of the Illinois tribes. 

Exploratior. b}' Louis Joliet. 

Exploration b)' Father ilarqiiette. 

Marquette's Voyage uj) tlie Illinois and Desplaines Rivers. 
1674 Establishment of the Jlission of the Immaculate Conception near 

Utiea, La JSalle county. 
1075 Death of Marquette. May 18. 
1680 Fathers Kibourde and Membre at Starved Eock. 

Chevalier La Salle takes possession of Illinois for Fi-anco. 

La Salle at Lake Peoria, January 3. 

La Salle returned to Fort Frontenac (Canada.) 

Henry Tonti, the Italian, and fifteen men at Fort Crevecanir. 

Second Invasion of Illinois by the Iroquois. 

Father Louis Hennepin left Fort Crevecceur in F'ebruary for the 
Upper ]\Ii,ssissippi . 

leather Kiboui'de murdered by Kiekapoo Indians. 
1680 Anthony Au([uel and ilichael Ake explored the Illinois river country. 

Tonti returned to Green Hay. 

Annihilation of the Illinois and Tamaroas by the Iroquois. 

La Salle returned to Illinois. 
1682 Building of Fort St. Louis. 

La Salle descended the Mississippi, and named the country Louisiana. 
1682-7La Salle visited France; brought out a colony to the Gulf States; 

explored Xew Mexico. 
1087 La Salle and twenty men left Fort St. Louis (Matagorda Bay) for 
Illinois. January 12. 

Assassination of La Salle's uepliew Ijy Du Haut and Leotat, en ronfe 
to Illinois. 

Assassination of La Salle by Du Haut and Leotat. 
168- Tonti's expedition in search of La Salle and colonists. 

1689 Execution of Du Haut and Leotat, tlie assassins. 

1690 The Mission of the Immaculate Conception removed from Old Kas- 

kaskia. or Fort St. Louis, on the Illinois river, to Kaskaskia, six 
miles above the mouth of the Kaskaskia river. 

1690-lSettlement of Cahokia, five miles below St. Louis city, near mouth 
of Cahokia. 

1698 Kaskaskia founded by Rev. Father Gravier. Father Pinet at Ca- 

1712 M. Crozat, of Paris, granted a inonopolv of trade in Illinois. 

1717 Settlement of St. Philip, fortv-five mile's from Cahokia. 

Philip Renault, 1719. 
M. Crozat surrendered his charter. Company of the West organized. 

1718 Settlement of Fort Chartres, twelve miles above Kaskaskia,"by Mis- 

sissippi Company. 
Settlement of Kaskaskia, six miles above confluence of Kaskaskia 

and Mississippi . 
Settlement of Prairie du Roeher, near Fort Chartres. 

1720 Philip Renault introduced Negro slaves into Illinois. 

1730 Total population of settlements: 1*0 French families. 200 French 
traders. 600 converted Indians. 

1750 Father Vivier preaching to the Illinois tribes. He places the popu- 
lation of the five French villages at 1,100 whites. 300 blacks, and 
00 red savages. The three Indian villages did not then contain 


more tliau 800 souls, all told. There was not a settlement between 
the Arkansas and Illinois rivers at that date. 

17G5 The French flag replaced by the British flag on Fort C'hartres, Octo- 
ber 10. 
Poatiac and two hundred Frcncdi families settled on the Kankakee, 
near Wilmington. 

17G9 Pontiac assassinated by Illinois Chief at Joliet Mound after the 
Council. Extermination of tlic Illinois. 

1773 The Illinois Land Company organized. Purchased lands from the 
Peorias and Kaskaskias. 

1775 The French trader Viviat organized the Wabash Land Company of 

Virginia, aided by Pere il. Cil)ault. July 4. Total defeat of the 

1776 Shabbonee bom near Wilmington, Illinois. 

1778 La Ville de Meillet founded near Lake Peoria. 

Capture of Kaskaskia by the Americans under Colonel George llogers 

M. (libault negotiates foi' the surrender of \'incennes. the estal)lisli- 

ment of American courts, etc. 
Establishmeut of the county of Illinois in October. Juhn Todd a])- 

poiiited Lieutenant-Commander by Patrick Henry, December I'-i. 

1779 Surrender of the British Governor and General Hamilton (the hair- 

buyer) to Genei-al C'larkc. Feiiruary. 

1780 The Illinois and ^\'ailash Land Companies consolidated. 

1781 Virginia ceded all her territory north of the Ohio to the United 

States, when a territorial form of government was instituted. 
1787 Ordinance for the government of the Northwestern Territory. 
Major-General Arthur St. Clair appointed Governor by Congress. 
Illinois a county of Indiana Territory. 
1796 J. B. Pointe an Sable, a resident of Cliicago. 

Old Peoria abandoned. 
1801 Building of Fort Dearborn at Chicago. 

Treaty with Sacs and Foxes. 
1805 First mail route (Vincennes to Cahokia) established. 
1809 The Territory of Illinois organized. John Boyle, of Kentuc^ky, ap- 
pointed (iovernor by President Madison. Boyle declined this 
position, when it was offei-ed to Ninian Edwards. 
St. Clair and Kandolph counties only jiolitical divisions of Ter- 
1811 Peace Convention with Pottawatomies at Peoria. 

Battle of Tippecanoe, November 7. 
1813 Building of Fort Russell, near the present village of Edwardsville. 
Massacre of Fort Dearborn, August 16. 

Governor Edwards' militia attack the Pottawatomie village at Peoria, 
August. Captain t'raig burned Peoria, November. 
1813 General Howard's command of nine hundred men build Fort Clarke, 

at Peoria. 
ISll Illinois //(?r«/r/ established at Kaskaskia. 

Governor Clarke's expedition u]i the Mississip]>i. 

The Sixtv-sixth Illinois liangers" terrific fight near Rock Island. 

Major Taylor, Ca])tains Rector iind Whiteside attack the English 

and Indians near Rock river. Defeat of the Americans. 
Peace of Glient, December 21. 


181C Treaty of St. Louis. Lands between Illinois and Mississippi rivers 

1818 Fort Clarke destroyed by fire. 

Territorial Legislature petitioned Congress for admission as a State 

in January. 
The Enabling Act was jiassed April 18. 
Convention of Kaskaskia, July. 
Illinois admitted. December 3. 

Change of northern boundary so as to secure Chicago. 
Adoption of whipping, stocks, pillory, and gibbet for jjunishment 

of criminals. 
First State election. Shadraok Bond, Governor; Pierre Mesnard, 


1819 Peoria I'eoccupied and settled by American citizens. 

Vandalia, the seat of government. (Removed to Springfield in 

1820 Reverend J. M. Peck was the first educated Protestant minister in 

the State. He settled in St. Clair county. 

1821 Appropriation of $10,000 by State Legislature for survey of Illinois 

and Michigan eamil. 
Incorporation of the Bank of Illinois. 
Henry R. Schoolcraft and party at Fort Joliet. 
1823 The slavery and anti-slavery questions raised for election purposes. 
182-t Direct mail route from Vandalia to Sjjringfield ; and to Chicago in 
Aggregate vote polled, 11,612. 

The proposition to make Illinois a slave State defeated at the j>olls 
by 1,800 votes. 

1825 Lafayette accepted invitation of Assembly and visited Kaskaskia in 

Bills for the supjjort of schools and construction of roads by pub- 
lic tax passed. 

1826 Sanganash, or Billy Caldwell, appointed Justice of Peace of Peoria 

Congress granted 800,000 acres of land to the State to aid in build- 
ing the canal. 

1827 Winnebago War under Chief Red Bird. General Cass, of Michigan, 

visited Illinois. 

1828 Line of Illinois and Michigan canal resurveyed. 

The Methodist Episcopal college, Lebanon, established. First in 

1830 The legal i-ate of interest established. Previously 150 })er centum 

was reached. 

1831 Criminal code adapted to penitentiary punishment. 

Black Hawk established himself upon his disputed territory. 

General Gaines, commanding 1,5()0 Illinois volunteers, destroyed the 
Indian town, and forced Black Hawk's people to cede all lands east 
of the Mississippi, and settle on the west side of the river. 

1832 General Zachary Taylor, Abraham Lincoln, Jefl: Davis and Lieu- 

tenant Robert Anderson, at Dixon, Illinois, in re Black Hawk's 

Black Hawk recrossed the Mississippi to wai' on tlie whites. 
Building: of Fort Joliet, 


183xJ (Jovenior lieyiiolds collected 1,800 volunteers under comnumd of 
]?ri,t;:a(lier-(iroiier;il Whiteside. This command destroyed Proj)hets- 
town. and proceeded to join tJeneral Atkinson's division. The 
tlight from Stilhnan's Kun was one of the comicalities of this war. 
The assault on Ajiple Kivcr fort. June, 1832. Black JIawk and 
150 warriors defeated by 25 men. (ienerals Henry and Atkinson 
at the battle of Iiock river. Tiiree liuudred savages killed and 50 
made pi-isoners, against IT whites killed and 12 wounded, lilack 
Hawk and liis special warriors, wlio escaped from the l\ock river 
affair, were captured by the Winnebagoes and handed over to 
General Street. He was interned in Fortress Monroe with other 
hostile Sacs, until June 4. 1833. when the chief and his party 
were conveyed to Rock Island, Illinois, and there set at liberty. 
He settled near Des Moines, Iowa. In 1838 this old ally of the 
British died. 

Massacre of the settlers on Indian creek. 

Rachel and Sylvia Hall captured by Indians. Ransom, 12.000 
and a number of horses. 

1833 Treaty of Chicago. 

1834-5 Beginning of Governor Duncan's administration. Appropriations 
aggregating |ilO. 230,000 made by the State. Town lot fever. 
Railroads for evcrv man, or a money compensation. Legislators 
magnificently reckless. 

1834 iiayment of annuity, at Ciiicago. under treaty of 1833, in 


1836 The construction of the Illinois and Micliigan canal commenced. 

1S37 Elijah P. Lovejoy, Abolitionist. mobl)ed and killed at Alton, No- 
vember 7. 

1838 The fii'st locomotive run on Xortliern Cross railroad, November 8. 
Thomas Carlin elected Governor, (jpjiosed by Cyrus Edwards, Whig. 

1839 Tiie Illinois Institute for Deaf and Dumb was founded, and the 

l)uiidings erected at -Jacksonville in 1842. 

1840 Settlement of the Mormons at Xauvoo. 

Improvement laws repealed, after a debt of ■^15.oi)((.()i))i was con- 

1841 Arrest of Joe Smith, and his release l)y Judge Douglas. 

Pirates of tiie Prairie before the law. The regulators administering 

1842 Second arrest of Joe Smith and his escape. 

Adam W. Snyder uoniiiiated for Governor: died previous to election, 

M'hen Thomas Ford was nominated to oppose Duncan. 
The Mormon war. Joe Smith and Hiram Smitii killed at Carthage. 

End of Xauvoo Mormonism, September, 1840. The action of 

tlie Gentiles narrow and unconstitutioiud. Tiie Mormon exiles 

readied Salt Lake, July 21. 1847. 
Work on canal resumed by Illinois and ilichigaii Canal Cmnjiany. 
184(J Xine regiments (8.370 men) answered the call for troops to serve 

against ilexiciins. Four regiments, or 3.720 men, accepted. 

Generals James Shields, Baker. Cofl'ey, Harris, Hardin, Bissell. 

Houghton. McKee. are names identified with this state in the 

Mexican war. 
1847 River and Harbor Convention at Chicago, July 5. 
State Constitutional Convention. 


1847 The Illinois Hospital for the Insane was established by the act of 

March 1, 184:. 
184S Opening of the Illinois and Michigan canal. 
ISoO The Galena railroad opened to Elgin. 

1851 In 1851 the hosj)ital buildings were commenced near Jacksonville. 
1852-54 Railroad building era in the West. 
1855 Chicago the focal point of 2,933 miles of railroad. 

1858 The Chicago Eye and Ear Infirmary Association, in ^Afay. Was 

made a state institution in 1871. 

1859 Selection of Lincoln's name for President at the Springfield caucus. 
18(30 Abraham Lincoln elected President. 

18(11 Ten thousand volunteers offered before April 24, and *1. 000, ()()() 
tendered by patriotic citizens. 
Captain Stokes and 700 men, of the Seventh Illinois Infantry, took 
10,000 stand of arms from St. Louis arsenal. 
1862 State Constitutional Convention. 

18(i5 T'he Asylum for Feeble-minded Children established by the act of 
February 15. 
First steel rail rolle(l in America at Chicago, ilay 25. 18(J5. 
Illinois was represented in her own regiments by 250,000 men, and 

in other states by about 30,000 men. 
Great State Fair at Chicago netted $250,000 for soldiers" aid and 
military purposes. 
1867 The Illinois Industrial Fniversity at I'^rbana was chartered. 

1869 The Northeri. Asylum for the Insane was established at Elgin. 

1870 State Constitutional Convention 

1871 Chicago destroved by fire. October 9. The number of buildings 

burned was 17.450, and amount of direct loss. $190,000,000, of 
which $44,000,000 retui'iu'd from insurance. 
State resumed control of Illinois and Michigan canal. 

The events since 1871 are of such a character as to come under the 
head of ordinary news. The ix'turn of tlie Illinois and Michigan canal 
into ])ossession of the state, its cession by the state to the general gov 
ernnient, and the redemption of the ])nblic debt, or state bonds, form 
the leading events. Tiie gi'eat strikes of 1877, 1886, and the anarchist 
troubles at Chicago last year, wliile engaging much attention fi'om the 
press, did not affect the course of business materially. Among the 
acts of the legislature, the most beneficent was that regulating regis- 
tration and voting at Chicago. Though sectional in its diivct influ- 
ence, it forms the entering wedge tor equal justice throughout the 




Mli/utJmrmf JiU 'tfUf. 







TARK COUNTY is bounded on the north by Henry and Bu- 
reau counties, on the south by Peoria county, on the west 
by Henry and Knox counties and on the east l)y Bureau 
and Marshall counties. The area is ^SS square miles or 
184,320 acres, of which 1S2,(!59 acres were surveyed, and 
180.125 acres assessed.- The population in 1S80 was 11,207. 
increased in 1885 to over 12.000. Toulon, the seat of jus- 
tice, is 14 miles from the southwest corner, 84 miles from 
the northwest corner, 9i from the extreme northwest cor- 
ner, 20^ from the northeast corner, 2(t miles from the south- 
east corner, and 8 miles from the south line, on the line of 
the R. I. A: P. R. R. Wyoming, the leading commercial 
town, is equally outside the geograpliical center, but has 
the advantages of two railroads, the R. I. & P. and the 
C. B. tt Q. bi'anch between Buda and Rushville. Lafavette 
is situated near the western county line, and Bradford near 
the east line, each having railroad facilities. Duncan. Castle- 
ton and Lcnnbardville are villages on the C. B. A.' Q., while 
Wady Petra and Stark are on the R. I. 6c P. R. R. The villages of 
Elmira, Osceola, Pleasant (Treen. ]\Iodena, Waldron, Camp Grove. Vul- 
ley, Slackwater. Starwano and West Jersey are without railroad facil- 

The surface of the county is undulating, except in the neighbor 
hood of Spoon rivei'. where it is decidedly broken. ( )f the entire area, 
no less than 173,711 acres were under cultivation in 1885, and it may 
be said with truth that the total area offers one great fertile field of 
wealth to the cultivator. Along the streams and around old Osceola 
the primeval forest still stands, a reminder of the past. South of 
Toulon, too, the old, old woods continue .sentinel, but throughout the 
county, the trees of fifty years ago have given place to ornamental 
groves of walnut, elm. maple, and. in a few instances, red and white 
pine. Osage orange hedges guard each field instead of the old rail 
fence ; large and elegant residences have taken the phice of the 



pioneers' homes ; well-kept tiower and vegetable gardens are coninion 
in the towns and villages, and are often seen in the country districts, 
while the mown lawn, always }ileasing to the eye, greets the traveler 
in both town and country. Within fifty years this wilderness of waving 
prairie has been transf(jrnied into one of the most beautiful garden 
spots of Illinois. A few groves and the streams remain as landmarks 
of the olden time. 

Rivers and Stremns. Sjioon river has its head waters in 
Xeponsett township. Bureau county, where the stream known 
as " East Branch " rises, and in Kewanee township, Henry 
county, where the West branch has its source. The east fork enters 
Stark county in three divisions, so to speak, the central stream 
being known as Silver creek. The streams unite in section 

10, Osceola, forming the East Branch. Hall creek flows into 

it in the northwestern quarter of section 22, ami Cooper's Defeat 
creek in the northeastern quarter of section 31. A confluence with 
the West Branch is formed just north of the village of Modena in Tou- 
lon township and thence to its estuary, the name Spoon river is ap- 
plied. In Essex township it receives the united waters of two creeks, 
flowing westward, known as Mud linn and Camjiing Bun and near the 
village of Slackwater receives the waters of West Indian creek. From 
this Spoon river flows through a tortuous channel to the parent Illi- 
nois, which it enters at Point Isabelle, opposite Havana. In the days 
of the Indians it was known as " Feather River " or Maquon. fts 
present name is said to have lieen given by Dr. Davison, the hermit, 
on account of a bayou resembling a spoon in the formation of its shores 
near what is now the village of YVaterford in Fulton county. 

Walnut creek has its source near Nekonui in Henry county, whence 
it flows southeast to West Jersey townshi]), and thence to its confluence 
with Spoon river, north of Rochester, Peoria county. To the char- 
acter of the trees founl along tliis stream is to be attributed its name. 

Camping Run rises in Marshall county, east of Camp C4rove, and 
dates its name back to ante-railroad days, when prairie schooners 
anchored there, while their crews feasted round the canqi Hres. 

Indian creek rises just northeast of Galva, winds like a trail 
through Goshen. Toulon and Essex townships, and enters Spoon river 
in section 28, Essex. Prior to the negotiation of the treaty of Chi- 
cago, a few Pottawattomie and mongrel Indian lodges were scattered 
along its banks, owing to which fact the ])ioneers of the county gave it 
this name. This creek is not to i)e confounded with Indian creek. La 
Salle county, where tiie massacre of settlers, ijy the Britisli Indians, 
took place in 1832. 

Cooper's Defeat creek may be called the east branch of the East 
Fork of Spoon river. It is a "tributary of that stream, rising near Milo 
in Bureau county, and flowing east through Osceola townshi]), except 
for two miles where it wanders, as it were, through the northern sec- 
tions of Penn township. The name is credited to a leanister of the 
surveying |)arty. who never failed before to drive his hoi'ses across or 
through a creek, until this i)oint was reached, as I'elated in sketch of 
Penn township. 


^[u(l(ly Ivuii jtarallels ('ani])ing liuii. It also rises in ]\[ai'sliall 
county, tlows tlii'ouj^li the soutliern sections of \'alley townsiiip and 
forms a confiuence with Camping Run, near the mouth of tliat stream 

Jack creek is the name given to a small stream running eastward 
to Spoon river, which it enters in the northwest quarter of section 12, 
Toulon township. 

Fitch creek rises in Grove township, Knox county. Its various 
feeders flow generally eastward, forming the main stream near the 
west line of Goshen township, and watering the northwestern sections 
of that township. 

There are found in every division of the county numerous small 
streams, some of which flow from springs. As noticed in the history 
of the townsliij)S. many jxmds or miniature lakes are found through- 
out the county. 

Altiti((leii. .soil uikJ trees. — The altitudes are not very marked, vet it 
is stateil that in the neighliorhood of Lawn Ridge the highest elevation 
in the State is reached. At Bradford, too, a decidetl elevation occurs. 
Prof. E. W. Cla3'])ole's paper on Rufl^alo and Chicago, read some 
time ago before the American Association for the Atlvancement of 
Science, contained a suggestion which goes to show wliat narrow 
margins nature sometimes makes in her geographical and geological 
ari'angements. It also shows what a narrow escape Chicago has had 
from a flood that would have revealed no friendly Ararat and that 
would have discouraged the most resolute of doves on its quest for 
terra-flrma. The professor's statement in brief is that the great lakes 
are banked upon a table land about (iOO feet above the sea, and that 
the drainage flows over the dam at Rlack Rock, the lowest point. 
Hence a dam twenty-flve feet high across the river at Black Rock 
would be sufticient to throw the waters of the upper lakes into the 
ilississijipi Ijy the Illinois river. The professor complacently stated 
that the result of this would be to annihilate the St. Lawrence river, 
make Butfalo the head of navigation, ami Chicago the outlet. In 
other words, the conditions of Chicago and I'utt'alo would have lieen 
reversed had the rim of the basin at lilack Rock been originally a few 
feet higher. 

A large portion of the county is prairie, but on account of the 
numerous intersecting streams, the prairies usually contain but few 
square miles of area. There are, however, some large prairies in 
townshijis 12 and 13, range 7. The soil is a common dark-colored 
loam, and when propei-ly drained and cultivated is everywhere pro- 
ductive, except the " barrens,"' a small tract of sandy soil. The subsoil 
is usually a brown or yellow clay. The soil of the timber lands along 
the water-courses is usually of less depth and lighter in color. Along 
the water courses common oak, hickory, ash, maple, black walnut, 
butternut, cottonwood, sycamore, coffee tree, buck-eye, box-elder, red 
bud, wild ]ilum, cherry and crab apple trees abound. 

Econoiiiif (rcohiyif. — Let us fancy ourselves visiting Stark countv, 
away back in the days when the foundations of the present coal beds 
were made. AVhat do we liehold ; An immense mai'sh stretching to the 
horizon — a \vilderness of reeds and weeds, and mosses, inhabited, if we 


may so speak, with amphibians, ahve with ten thousand species of 
reptile ; l5ut not a man in tiie wliole great waste — not even a bird flew 
liither to ioolv in uj)on tlie loatlisome wilderness. How many j'ears 
this stagnant sea required its drying process to continue cannot now be 
determined witli certainty. Tliere are at least five to eight feet of 
vegetable debris requii-ed to form one foot of coal, and since there are 
thi'ee feet, representing the seam in this county, it must have required 
twenty -four feet in depth of rich vegetable debris to form our ])resent 
coal bed, and the subsequent growth or carriage hither of sufficient 
material to make that natural hydraulic pi'ess which i)ressed this coal into 
its shape and texture. A^olumes might be written on the formation of 
our prairies, of our coal beds, of the great trains of sand and rock and 
forests which the drift In-ought hither to press down the original 
stagnant mass of vegetable matter, water and the animal life whicii 
they supported ; but where is the use of speculative writing 'i Our 
reason jjoints out one natui-al method by which our rich prairie soil 
and everything beneath it were formed, namely, an immense lake, 
gradually filling up of the same by sediment and sliore growth, slow 
liftino- up of lake bottom and jinnual decay of vegetable debris ; slower 
di'ainage and then the prairie. 

The quaternary divisions of the county are the alluvium and drift, 
the former coni]irising all the bottom lands or stream valleys from a 
few rods to r),0()0 feet in width ; the latter comprising a series of 
brown and blue clays with sand or gravel mixings with granite 
bowlders of ancient' rock — the uplands. This di'ift varies in depth 
from twenty to sixty feet. Through this fornuition an abundant 
supply of good water is reached before the bed-rock is ta|)ped. 
Throughout the county there is no exposure of rock other- than the 
lower series of coal measures. Of this series No 7 shows on the north 
line of section 10, townshi]) 14, i-ange 7, along the east l)ranch of Spoon 
river. In this section the S. C. Francis shaft shows sixty-four and one- 
fourth feet. This was sunk- in IStlS. and from the record shows the 
following formation : 

Yellow clay, 2 feet ; red sand, 2 feet; limestone (nodular), 2^ feet ; 
clay, light colored, 7 feet ; clay shale. 2 feet ; sandstone, 8 inches ; blue 
clay shale. 8 feet ; dark colored clay shale. 5| feet ; coal, 2 inches ; 
blue clay shale, 12 feet ; imj)ure limestone. 8 inches ; clay shale, 8 feet ; 
impure limestone, 2 inches ; l)lue clay sliale. l-J- feet ; dark colored ckry 
shale, 3 feet; coal, 2 feet. 7 inches; clay (penetrated). If feet. 

In section 32, townshi]) in, range 7, the exposure was worked. In 
section 21, township li, range 7, series No. fi is far below the surface 
without a sign of outcrop. 

In the southeastern part of section 3. townsiiiji 1-t, range 16, No. 
<■> coal appears in the l)lutt of West Branch, along the creek to the 
southeastern corner of section Itl. This series has been woi'ked along 
the western plateau, where there are several outcroi)s above water 
level of over four feet in de])th with a regular clay pai'tition of two 
inches in thickness. 

In the southeastern ])art of section 3, townshij) 14, range 6, No. 6 
coal appears on the bluff of West Branch. Along the creek to the 


southeastern corner of section IC, this series has been worketl along the 
western ])hiteau, where tliere are several outcro])s above water level of 
over four feet in depth with a regular clay partition of two inches in 

Tiie mine of No. <• series in townshi]> 14, 1'ange T, section 28, on the east 
bank of the East Branch, presents a shaft of over ninety feet, of which 
eighty-nine and two-thirds feet present the following strata: Vellow 
clay, 3 feet ; limestone, 4 feet ; light colored clay. 4^ feet ; light colored 
clay shale, 8-J feet ; limestone 2| feet ; clay shale, 10 feet ; coal, 2 inches : 
soft black slate, 4 inches ; clay, 4^ feet; sandstone, 22J feet ; clay shale. 
6 feet ; limestone, 4 feet ; light colored clay shale, 6 feet ; green clay 
shale, 2^ feet ; dark coloi'ed clay shale, S 1-6 feet ; impure limestone, li 
foot; dark colored clay shale, 2i feet; coal vein, 3 to (i feet, with a 
clay partition of 3 inches in de])th. Tlie slips or " horsebacks " peculiar 
here tend to retard miners' enterprise ; but with the coming of the coal 
cutter and other modern appliances this obstacle will vanish. 

In the northern portion of section 1, township 13, range H, a few 
shafts have been made to the dejith of several feet. Near ^lodena, at 
a depth of about thirty feet, a 1-foot vein was struck. Westward, on 
section 4, the Jack creek beds have been worked, and in sections 2, 11, 
and 12, the out-crop appears in the banks eight to ten feet above water- 

Near the north line of section 14, Toulon township, about twelve feet 
above the water of a little rivulet, the following formation may be 
seen : Sandstone ; clay shale, 15 feet ; impure limestone, clay sliale, 
black slate, coid. avei'age 3 feet ; clay pai'tition. coal, li foot ; clay 
shale, partial outcro]) (if sandstone. The strata above tlie three feet 
vein of coal is replete in its deposit of imperfect fossils, such as the 
cardin iafragilis.pleurotom.aria grayviUensis, and fossils of fish. On the 
section coal and a strata somewhat similar to that given above, are 
outcropping. From section 10 along the courses of the river and 
tributary rivulets to sections 2.5 and 20, where the seam is over 
twenty feet above water-mark, the miner has left traces of his work, 
and backward from the stream on section 2(!, coal has been found at a 
depth of sixty-nine feet in solid strata, four to live feet in thickness, 
while just east the miners had to sink a shaft to a depth of ninety -six 
feet to reach the seam. 

In Essex township, section 23, the following strata aj)pears in a 
shaft sunk a few years ago : Clay, 21 feet ; clay shale, 8 feet ; lime- 
stone, 1 foot ; clay shale, interslated, l|fo(^t ; coal, 2i feet, with thin clay 
partition. Although this l)elongs to series Xo. 0, horsebacks or slips 
render mining for moi-e than local use, unprofitable. A seam of sei'ies 
No. 2 coal is found on section 17, at the base of the bluffs of Indian 
creek, which was very little worked up to four years ago. 

In West Jersey township, on section 19, coal of the No. 4 Illinois 
series has been struck at a dei)th of fifteen feet. Here the vein is from 
four to six feet deep, underlaid by about ten inches of impure cannel 
coal, and this by a clay bed. Fish and ])lant fossils abound here, 
including one almost perfect form of the jxdaeoniscux. The teeth and 
imperfect form of a dipIodiK have also been exhumed. The coal 


obtained is very good. On section 17 a one and one-half foot vein of 
the No. 2 series was found at a depth of fifty -nine feet. It lies in the 
bed of the creek, and is workable only at low water. On section Xo. 10, 
Toulon, a ([uarrv yields aliundantly of building stone of uu)rethan fair 
(|iiality. On AValnut creek, in West Jersey township, a (juarry on 
section 2U produced a fair hard sandstone, very well adapted to buildei's' 

The rock in sections 21 and 22, Osceola township, is a limestone six 
to twelve feet thick, of thin layers. This is an uneven, drab-colored, 
weather-proof stone, found in the first section, its lower strata resting 
thirtv-nine feet above a two-inch coal seain and sixty-three feet al)ove 
a two-feet seven inches vein of No. 7 series coal. As a stone lor Ijuild- 
iiig ])urposes. or for lime for building purposes, it cannot be excelled. 

The sandstone measures of Eliuira township are outcropping, and 
hidden beds of this valuable rock abound. In section K! is found a 
light-coloretl soft rock about twelve feet above a measure of No. Ct series 
coal. In Toulon townshi}), section 1-1, tjie sandstone is below No. fi 
series coal, but of a very superi(jr quality, and approaching the Parma 
stone of jMichigan in compiictness. 

In Essex township, section 1-1, a sandstone (juarry of the finest 
grade has been worketl for some years, while that on section 17 (from 
which the stone was taken for building the stone house in the 
ncighljorhood vears ago) yields plenty of good nuiterial for ordinary 

Osceola, Elmira, Toulon, and "West Jersey furnish the greater part 
of the coal suj)ply ; Essex furnishes a little, and A'alley less; Penn and 
(ioshen are reported non-productive in the matter of coal; but what 
future exploration may credit these townships with in this connection 
must l)e left to the future. 

The miners' estimate of coal deposits is 1,000.000 tons of coal to 
every section or stpiare mile ])er foot of thickness of seam, which, it 
])laced at an average of a three-feet seam, as in this county, would give 
los.dOO.Odd tons to each township, or 8(i4,0un,()()(i tons to the entire 
county of No. (J series coal alone, exclusive of series Nos. 1, 2, 4 and 7, 
some of which have not yet l)een exj)lored at all, and others only par- 
tially. Allowing five tons per annum to each voter in the county in 
1SS5, or 12,i>00 tons annually, there is a sui-)])ly of No. 6 coal here to 
yield them fuel for 72,0(iO years. 

A/-f/iii'n/o(j>/ — The general prevalence in Illinois of the existence of 
ancient mounds has excited no inconsiderable interest in the minds of 
scientists since their discovery was first made. Nearly every county 
has these interesting vestiges of a numerous people long since gone to 
rest, about whose history there pends a veil — an impenetrable mystery 
— of whom the later Indian tribes possessed neither knowledge, myth 
nor tradition. Those in Stark county are as numerous as elsewhere, 
for spear and arrow-heads, human bones, and sometimes pottery have 
lieen found here. They are so ctmimon as to excite little interest among 
those who have resided in the county for any length of time, and are 
driven over and plowed up as if but a rise in the ground, not all that 
remains of the history of a past race. A piece of native copper was 


found in blue clay, twenty-tive feet below the surface, on Samuel Sturm's 
farm, one mile south of Tirailfonl. In other places several evidences 
of the drift, as well as of prehistoric settlements, iuwe been uneartiied. 
T. M. Shallenberger, now of Nebraska. W. II. Adams, of Eochester. 
Peoria cqunty. and others, have given the study of arclueology some 
attention ; but their research in this coiinty has been limited to surface, 
rather tlian excavatory woi-k. Prior to the removal of the Indians, 
tliev visited all tiieir old camjvgrounds and villages, and leveled even 
witli the ground all tiic little mounds denoting the graves of tlieii' 

W. 11. Adams, in a paper a,ildressed to the regents of the Smith- 
sonian Institute, and pulilished in 1885, on the mounds in the valley 
of Spoon river, says: "On the north side of Spoon river, seventy- 
tive vards ilistant, eighty rods west of the east line, and twenty rods 
S(mth of the north line' of section 12, township 11 north, fange -i-^ 
east of the fonrth i)rincipal meridian, is a round mound about thirty 
feet in diameter, called by those in the neighborhood a "hogback."' 
On the highest of this hogback, at the surface, is some evidence of tire. 
The evidences of a former fire increase very rapidly. At a de]ith of 
twelve to sixteen inches I found five skeletons, nearly all the bones of 
which were calcined by tire, and many of them entirely consumed. 
One of the skulls lay t<) the north, one to the northwest, one to the 
southwest, one to the south, and one to the northeast. AVith the bones 
were fragments of sandstone burned red. At or near each skull, and 
nearly on a line between the ))oint of the shoulder and ear, was a 
water-worn ]iebble, except in one instance, and that was an angular 
]>iece of Hint. The i)ebbles had not been acted upon by the fire, so 
that they evidently must have been placed there after the intense heat 
of the fire had' subsided. From the appearance of the earth 
one would be strongly inclined to believe that the fire in this instancti^ 
had been one of unusual intensity. From the position of the skulls to 
each other, the feet of one body would reach to his neighbor's head, 
if laid at full length. One of the skulls was rather thinner than those 
we usually find in other mounds. Some of the teeth evidently l)e- 
longed to a person of great age; others of the teeth were very small. 
\n\t I cannot say that they belonged to an infant. The skulls were in 
fragments, the lai-gest piece ol)tained being aliout two inches scpiare. 
On another hogback, east of the one described, commencing on sec- 
tion 12, township 11, range i east, extending across the northwest cor- 
ner of section 7, township 11. range 5, and also some distance on sec- 
tion '>. township 11. are thirteen common round mounds, varying in 
height from eighteen inches to five feet. As far as examined these 
are l>urial mounds, iind in one I fountl nineteen skeletons. This one 
was foity-five feet in diameter and five feet in height. The bones 
were in a fair state of preservatiim. I opened four or five of thi< 
grou)}, and in each were fouiul pieces of trap rock from one and one- 
half to two inches scpuu-e ; jjieces of burned sand rock, small water- 
worn pel)bles. and in tlie largest mound a very small fragment of red 

A stick of cedar was exhumed in March. 1S02. and brought to 


Toulon by E. S. Kinciule. It was found win'le digging a well in 
the eastern pai't of the county, twentycigiit feet below the surface. 
While i)laeing a sewer across Main St., Toulon, in June, 1SS4, one 
of the two trees, cut near the site of the court house, and placed there 
by Oliver Whitaker over forty years ago to bridge the slough, was 
unearthed. The ]iiece taken out is about three feet in length. This 
was smoothed off and is held as a I'elic of the early yeai's of the 

Sforiii . FUhkI (iiul Driiiitjht. — The liig snow of 1830 will be vividlv re- 
mendiered by all the old settlers. The snow Ijegan falling on tiie night of 
the 29th of ]Jecend)er, and continued to fnll for three days and nights, 
until it reached an average depth of about four feet, but drifting in places 
as high as from eighteen totwenty feet. Gi-eiit suffering wase.xpei'ienced 
inconseciuence. The settlers relied for their daily food upon Indian corn 
which they were enaliled to raise, togethei' with wild game which was 
abundant at that time. Plenty of the former was raised to su])ply the 
wants of all until the next season's crop; but when the snow fell very 
little had been gathered. Game could not be had. The great depth 
of snow was a barrier to all travel, and it may be well imagined the 
sufferings of the jieople were very great indeed. This was tiie la^ivi- 
est snow that ever fell in Illinois within the niennnw of the oldest 
settler of this part of the State. According to the traditions of the 
Indians, as related to the pioneers, a snow fell from llfty to seventy- 
five years befoi'e the .settlement by the white people, which swe])t 
away the numerous herds of buffalo and elk that roamed over the vast 
])rairies at that time. This tradition was veriffed by the large num- 
ber of bones of these animals found in different localities on the prai- 
ries when first visited by the whites. The deep snow is one of the 
landmarks of the ])ioneer. 

The cold wiiitei' of 1842-3, comniencetl on Nov. 7, 1842, and con- 
tinued until May, 1843. This season of ice may be said to end the 
days of profitable hunting in Illinois. 

The storm of June, 1877, swe))t across AYest Jersey, Elmiia, and 
parts of Goshen, Ijlowing off house roofs and rooting uj) trees. The 
county is not in the storm trail. 

The greatest flood ever known in the county was that of February 
It), 1883. As a general rule Itridges were swept away, and in the 
wreck of the bridge on the Toulon and Wyoming road three men nearly 
lost their lives. In the s]iring of 1831 there was a great flood conse- 
quent on the break of the " Big Snow," and in the fall of 1835 another 

The druiight of 1S8() has m; parallel in the history of the county. 
It was broken (Ui August 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th. ' On the night of 
the 15th a iviin and tliunder storm swept over the county, but at nine 
o'clock the moon peered down from a l)right blue sky, while a rainbow 
of ])eculiarly brilliant colors illumined the west. The average rainfall 
during the fifteen years, including 1875, for the months of April, May. 
June and July, was 15.(19 inches, the minimum 8.59 (in 1884) and the 
maximum 22.1(5 inches (1883). For the corres])f)niling j)eriod of 18S() 
the average was 4.82, or less than one-thinl of the average of the fif- 


teen years. The rainfall of .Fuly was only 1.5 inches, while the aver- 
ag'e for the same month duriiijn' the fifteen years was :^.S-t iiu'lies. 

Z(>i'ilo(iy. — Of the species of native aninnils that once roam('(l the flow- 
ery prairies and wild forests of theconnty, but few of the smaller remain, 
and none of the larger. Of the latter we cannot even find a specimen 
))reserved in taxidermy. The buffalo which grazed upon the verilant 
])rairies has been driven westward. With or before it went the beaver, 
elk, badger, jianthei', black wolf and black bear. Some animals wliich 
were quite numerous have become very rai'e, such as the gray fox, the 
catamount, otter, lyn.x, coon, and the \'irginia deer. 

There still remain many of the different s])ecies, uu)stly inhabiting 
the country adjacent to the Illinois and S})oon rivers and a few of the 
other larger streams. These are, however, fast disappearing, and be- 
fore long will be known imiy in history, as are the deer, the beavei', 
antl the bison. Anning those still to be found here, as trani])s, ai'e the 
gray wolf, the opossum, racc(jon, mink, muskrat, the common weasel, 
the small brown weasel, skuidv, woodchuck, or Maryland marmot, 
prairie mole, common shrew mole, meadow and deer mouse, ami the 
gray rabi)it. Of scpiii'rels there are the gray timber scjuiri'el, the fox, 
chipmunk, the large gray prairie s(juirrel, the striped and the spottetl 
prairie stjuiii-el, and the beautiful flying squirrel. The dark-brown and 
the reddish l»at are common. Other small animals have been found 
here which^have strayed fi'om other localities. An American eagle, 
weighing eleven pounds and measuring seven feet from tip to tip of 
wings, was killed by Ilobert Church, in October, 1S('>7, near Indian 
creek l)ridge, on the Toulon and Lafayette road. The bii-ds common 
to Illinois find a home in this county, and between residents and visit- 
ors, show themselves in multitudes. On Decenaber 18, ISS-f, a large 
wolf was killed by Jason 0/,iah. on the Nowlan farm, west of T(ndon. 
On May 23, 1885, E. II. IJatcs, of Osceola, jiresented County fMei'k 
V.alker with fourteen young wolf scalps, and received ^24 liounty. 
In Sjioon river and tributary streams the fisherman is sometimes 
rewarded for skill and patience ; but like the wild animals the fish 
have almost disappeai'ed. 



[IE origin of the Aiiierioan Indian is a subject of dee]) inter- 
est to tlie etlinolog'ist. even as it is one of instruction and 
entertainment to tlie general reader. Tlie era of their 
establishment as a distinct and insulated j)eople must be cred- 
ited to a period immediately subsequent to the division of 
the Asiatic people and the origin of languages. No doubt 
whatever can exist when tlie American Indians are regarded 
as of Asiatic origin. They are descended directly from the 
survivors of that ]ieo])le who, on lieing di'iven from their 
t.iir possessions, retired to the wilderness in sorrow, reared 
their children under the satldening influences of their 
unquenchable griefs, and, dying, bequeathed them only 
the lialnts of the wild, cloud-roofed homes of their exile. 
From that time forward the Amei'ica Indian, as we know 
him, has existed. 

That there were a widely different ])eople here is not disputed ; 
for there are existing numerous evidences of a civilization akin to that 
of the lumbering districts of the C'anadas, Michigan and Wisconsin. 
The question of jirehistoric settlements on the Pacific coast and the 
statement of the partial occupation of the Mississippi valley by Cau- 
casians in the dim past, are ])iiints well sustained. M. L. Page du 
Pratz, a French savant, inet, in his ti'avels among the Natchez, the cel- 
ebratetl aiul aged Indian anticjuarian, Moucacht Ape, who, in 17-t5 
crossed the Mississippi and reached the Pacific by the Colum])ia river. 
Moucacht related, among othei' ex[)eriences that, after visiting many 
nations, he shortly came to the last, aj)eople one day's journey from the 
(ireat Watei- and al)out a league distant from the Beautiful river, who 
were hiding themselves in the w()ods from white-l)earded men who came 
every year in a bark for a yellow, stinking wood, and to steal the 
young women for slaves. Ey this peo})le the traveler was at once 
received as a chief by his own family, " because they thought with rea- 
son that one who had seen white men and many nations should have 
more mind than one who had never been from home and had seen 
nonebut red men." These bearded disturbers of tlieir])eace, the natives 
further informed him, went always ch^thed, no matter how warm the 
weather : their weapons also made a great noise and sent forth fire, 
and they came from where the sun sets. Seeing that it was the yel- 
low wood which seemed to bring them there, following the counsel of 
the old men, the people were fast destroying that odorous attrac- 
tion, so that they hoped in time they should be no more molested. 



Exceedingly curious to see these white-bearded men who were neither 
English. French, nor Spanish, Moucacht Ape entered heartily into a 
plan to attack those who should next come. It was now about the 
time of their annual arrival. All the families in the vicinity of their 
landing-place had retired from the coast lest their young women should 
be ca]itured. Our hero had smelt gunpowder and was not afraid. 
Leaving their camp, near the lieautiful river, the warriors journeyed 
live (lays to a jwint on the coast where were two great rocks, l)etween 
which emptied into the sea a siiallow stream on whose banks grew the 
yellow wood. It was Ijetween the two rocks that the foreigners ran 
their vessel when they came ashore. Seventeen days the warriors now 
waited the arrival of their prey. All had been arranged in council for 
the attack. Presently they espied the vessel in the distance, and hid- 
ing themselves, they watched an opportunity four days more. At 
length two boats, containing tliirty men, put off from the ship and 
entered the little stream Ijetween the rocks. When the strangers were 
well scattered gathering wood and taking in water, the natives fell 
upon them and killed eleven, the rest escaping. Having slaughtei'ed 
the strangers like a savage, Moucacht Ape examined their dress and 
physique like a scientist. The bodies were thick, short and very 
white; the head was heavy, the hair short, and instead of hats they 
were clotli wound round the liead. The dress was neither of wool nor 
bark, but of a soft stuff like the old cotton shirts of Europeans. That 
which covered the leg and foot was of one piece. Only two of the 
dead had firearms, with powder and balls. Joining some northern 
natives, who had come to assist at the slaying of the strangers, Mou- 
cacht Ape continued his journey along the coast until he reached their 
village, when the old men <jf the place dissuaded him from proceeding- 
farther, saying that the country l>eyond was cold, barren, and tenant- 
less. Therefore he returned to his own people by the route he went, 
having been absent on the western tour live years. 

Such is one of the many stories related by old Indians of a ]mst age 
and handed down to the present race of savages. 

The Illinois Indians were of the Algonquin family, and were divided 
into five tribes — the Peorias, Ivaskaskias. Moingwenas, Kahokias, and 
Tamaroas. They had gained possession of their lands by subduing 
and driving away the Quajiays. a Dakota tribe, and in KUU they nearly 
exterminated the Winnebagos, after which time they held undisputed 
possession of the domains until l(i56, when the Iroquois Indians began 
a long-continued war with them, which was soon followed by a hot 
contest with the Sioux tribe. The Illinois at this time formed' one of 
the strongest Indian confetleracies, and were expert bowmen, but not 
canoemen. They would move to the broad plains beyond the Missis- 
sippi each year foi- a summer-hunt, and in the winter would spend four 
or five months on a southern chase — returning to rest at Kaskaskia, 
their beautiful city of arbor-like cabins, covered with tlouble water- 
proof mats. Each cabin, as a rule, would contain four fires, around 
each of which the families Avould gather. The j)opulation of their 
city in its best days was about s,00(i people. Although they were con- 
stantly at war. and were greatly addicted to vice, thej'^ hstened to the 



earnest teachings of Marquette and other French miss'onaries, were 
linally converted, and were nuich improved in their conversion. The 
name of their chief was Chicago. He visited France in 1700, and was 
highly esteemed and entertained by the P'rench Government officials. 
A little over two hundred years ago, in the summer of KiSO, the Iro- 
uois Indians made an attack ixyion the Kaskaskia and Peoria triljes of 
le Illinois confederation. They drove Lieut. Tonti, who was under 
the command of La Salle, from Crave Coeur Fort, near the outlet of the 
Peoria lake. The chief object of the Iroquois was to destroy the 
Illinois Indians and lay claim to their lands, as they had done to those 
belonging to many other tribes, always fighting their way and leaving 
their battle-fields — which extended from the Atlantic coast to the 
Wabash river, and from the Ohio river to and even north of the Greiit 
Lakes — strewn with their victims. It was with a great slaughter that 
they concjuered the hitherto strong and important ])eoiile, laid waste 
their great city of Kaskaskia, and drove them from their wigwams to 
wander in broken bands over their broad donuun. Many of the Illinois 
were murdered and their homes l)urned to ashes, while as many as '.•oo 
were taken prisoners. The young corn in the held was cut down and 
burned ; the pits which contained the pi'oducts of the ])revious year 
were opened and their contents scattered with wanton waste ; the 
graves had been robbed of their dead and the botlies dragged forth to 
be devoured l)y buzzards. In the center of all this devastation and 
ruin, the spoilers, says La Salle, had Ituilt for themselves a lodge, and 
covered it with liuman bones and the scalps of the Ilbnois. A few of 
the lodge-poles that had escaped the fire and remained standing, were 
adorned with human skulls, thus presenting a most frightful scene, 
with all these ghastly relics, where only a few days previous had stcxxl 
the proud city of the Illinois, the largest ever built l)v noi'thei'n 
natives, its extent being over a mile .square. It was a lovely yilace in 
the bosom of the beautiful valley, and was well chosen for a home. 
Just on the opposite side of the river stood the sandstone blutf, tall and 
stateh% its summit overlooking the broad valley of numy woodclad 
islanifs up and down the river, and the swift current of the water 
rushing along at its base as it had done for thousands of years gone 
by. Well had the Illinois looked on tiiis majestic rock as a fit place of 
refuge in case of danger. But little did they tiiink that it would 
I'emain after them as a monument of their last battle, and that it shijuld 
be the scene of the final extermination of their ])roud and powerful 
people. From this great battle the Illinois never fully recovered. 
They were constantly at war with the Iroquois and Sioux, and later 
with the Pottawatomies. The allies of Pontiac, the Ottawa cliief, 
after the assassination of that chieftain by the hands of the lUincjis, 
nearly exterminated the latter — a part of them taking refuge im tiie 
sandstone bluff. When first visited by the whites, tiie Pottawatomie 
confederation numbered nearly 12,000 souls, and weiv divided into live 
tribes; in 1S50 only eighty-four of them remained. 

In the winter of 16S0-81, being the next winter after the destruc- 
tif)n of the city of Kaskaskia, La Salle formetl a plan of a colony on 
the sandstone bluff. The design was to include French and Indians of 


various tribes us a protective coalition against the dreaded Iroquois. 
This colony was left in charge of Lieut. Tonti. 

La Salle made a triji down the Mississip})i river, and, when he reached 
its mouth, on the Gtli day of April, 1682, he took formal possession of 
all laud drained by the great river in tlie name of his sovereign, Lonis 
XIV. of France, and called tlie new acquisition Louisiana. After his 
return up the river he and liis lieutenant, Tonti, began, in J)eceml)er, 
lt3S2. the woric of clearing off the top of the sandstone l)luff to build 
a fort, which was afterward called Fort St. Louis. The weather was 
l)itter cold, and the wind l)lew terrifically ; but they worked steadily 
on, and soon had comjileted a number of storelionses and dwellings, all 
of which wei'e ineloseil in a stockade. On the bottoms around the 
rock were dcjuiiciled 20.iHiO Iroquois souls, 4,0n() of whom were warriors. 
In March, 1684, the Iroquois attacked tliis rocky citadel; but, after a 
six days' fight, withdrew, taking witli them a few prisoners, who after- 
ward made their escape. Tonti commanded F\)rt St. Lonis, upon the 
rock, until 1702, when, it is said, he was forcibly displaced from tlie 
command on account of some alleged irregularity ; after which he 
waudered tiii'ougii the Southern wii<ls until 1748, when, shattered in 
liealtii, he I'eturuetl to the scene of his former glory — dying in the fort 
tlie following spring, and being buried on tlie west side of the rock. 
It has been stated that, after his death, the Frenchmen in control of 
the fort treated the Indian maidens so scurvily that their fathers and 
brothers destroyed the fort and drove away the Frenchmen. Charle- 
voix says that in 1721 he saw palisades upon the rock, which he sup- 
posed were built by the Illinois; but no autheutic account is given of 
the rock being used as a fort other than from 1682 to 1710, ju'evious to 
the last battle of the Illinois, at which time it was merely used as a 
place of refuge, and not of fortification. 

Patrick Kennedy, who made a voyage U}) the Illinois river in 1773, 
speaks of the French as residing on an island at Joliet, and of their 
making salt from the salt ponds on the south l)ank of the Illinois river 
oi)])osite Buffalo IJock, which is about three miles above the sandstone 
bhiff. A few of the principal actors in the Black Hawk war of 1832 
were considered by the whites to be of F'rench and Indian ancestry; 
and there are families living yet in the Illinois valley that trace their 
lineage as far back as to the days of Tonti. 

The earliest accounts I ffnd of the Pottawatomie Indians south of 
Lake Michigan is in 1674, when ^lanpiette met them on his return with 
La Salle from the ilississip])i, on a part of Avliich journey he was 
attended by a band of Illinois ami also a liand of Pottawatomie Indians. 
So far as I can learn, they were the ttrst of the tribe who ever saw the 
country soutli of Lake Michigan, as their former home was about 
(Ti-een Bay. In the following year, 1675, Manjuette, after spending 
the winter at Chicago, established at Kaskaskia on Easter Sunday, his 
mission, which was called by its zealous founder, "Tlie Immaculate 
Conce])tion." This mission was continued here until 16;N), when it 
was moved to Southern Kaskaskia, on the Kaskaskia river, which 
em])ties into the Mississi]ipi river in St. Clair county. 

From 1675 it is probable that the Pottawatomies emigrated very 



fast from their okl home on Green ]]ay into the more liospitahle 
regions south of Lake Michigan. As they were found in tlieir southern 
homes in different hands and under different names and leadei"s, theprcjh- 
abilities are that they left in parties. The numlier of the Pottawato- 
mies is hard to determine ; l)ut as near as I can discover tiiere must liave 
been 1,S()U of them at the time of tlie assembly of tlie Algoncjuin Confed- 
eration at Niagara in 1783, when there were 450 Pottawatomie 
w^arriors present. The fraternal relations existing bet\veen the Potta- 
watomies and Ottawas were of the most harmonious character ; 
they lived almost as one people, and were joint owners in tiieir hunting 
grounds. Tlieir relations were scarcely less intimate and frientlly with 
the different bands of the Sioux tribe. Nor were the C'hippewas more 
sti'angers to tlie Pottawatomies and Ottawas than the latter were to 
each other; they chiimed an interest in the lands occujiied to a certain 
extent by all jointly, so that all three tribes joined in the joint treaty 
for the first sale of their lands ever made to the United States, which 
was made in (Uiicago in 1821, when the tribes named, except the Sioux, 
ceded to the ITnited States .i,(iO(),(K)0 acres in Michigan. Northern 
Illinois was particularly the possession of the Pottawatomies; ])ut, as 
before statecl, it is impossible to fix tlie time when they first settled 
here. They undoubtedly came by degrees, and by degrees established 
themselves, encroaching at first upon the Illinois tribe, advancing more 
and more, sometimes by good-natured tolerance and sometimes by 
actual violence. But they did not come into exclusive possession here 
until the final extermination of the Illinois tribes, which must have 
been some time between 1766 and 1770, when all but eleven were 
destroyed in the siege of " Starved Hock." The only authentic account 
of this great tragedy that is obtainable is from Meachelle, an old 
P(jttawatomie chief, through Judge J. D. Caton. who' was an intimate 
acquaintance of the chief. Meachelle associated his earliest recollec- 
tions with their occupancy of the countr\^ He reniemi)ere(l well the 
battle of "Starved Rock," and the final extinction of the Illiii(_)is tribe 
of Indians. He was pi'esent at the siege and final catastrophe : and 
although but a boy at the time, and used to the war and Idoodshed 
that were continuall}' going on between the tribes, the terrible event 
made such a strong imjiression iijion his young mind that it ever 
remained fresh and vivid. 

The cause of the dreadful destruction oi the Illinois tribe is 
attributed to the death of Pontiac, the great Ottawa chief, which 
occurred in 1766. He was the idol of his peojile, and was l)eloved and 
obeyed scarcely less by the Pottawatomies. They believed the Illinois 
Indians were at least accessory to his murder and so held them respon 
sible ; consequently the Ottawas and Pottawatomies in connection 
with the Chippewas, united all of their forces in an attack upon those 
whose deadly enemies they had now become. 

The Illinois Indians had never fully recovered from the great 
catastro])lie they had suffered nearly a century before at the hands of 
tlie terrible Irotpiois. Their s|)irit and their courage seeiiuMl broken, 
and they submitted to encroachments from the north by \\u'\v more 
enterprising ueighboi-s — with an ill-will, no doubt, but without ]m> 


teeting their rights l)y force of arms, as they wouhl have done in for- 
mer times — and sought to revenge tiiemselves u\Mm tliose whom they 
regarded as their actnal enemies, in an nnderhanded and treaclierous 
way. In the war tinis waged by the allies against the Illinois the latter 
suffered disaster after disaster, till the sole remnant of that once proud 
nation, whose name had been mentioned with respect from Lake Supe- 
rior to the mouth of the Ohio, and from the ]\Iississii)pi to tlie Wabash 
river, now found sutticient space u|)()n the hidf acre of ground which 
crowns the summit of •• Starved Rock." 

As the sides are jierjtendicular, except on the southeast, where one 
may ascend with ditticulty by means of a sort of natural stairway, and 
where some of the steps are only a few inches wide and as much as 
three feet in height, not more tlian two persons can ascend abreast, 
and ten men could easily repel ten thousand with the means of warfare 
then at their cummand. Of late, as was ]irol>ably the case when Lieut. 
Tonti commaiuled Fort St. Louis upon the rock, a broad stairway has 
been erected over tiie worst jdaces, so that it may be easily ascended 
by tourists. 

The length of time that the Illinois were confined upon the rock it 
is hard to determine ; l)ut it is easy to imagine that they had not pre- 
pai-ed provisions enough for a very extended encampment, and that 
their enemies depended u])on their lack of tiie same, which we can read- 
ily apj)reciate must occur soon to a savage people who rarely antici- 
pate the future Ijy storing up supplies. On the north or river side the 
upper rock (jverhangs the water somewhat, and tradition tells us how 
tlie confedei'ates ]>]aced themselves in canoes under the coi'uice-like 
rocks, and cut the thongs of the besieged when they lowered their ves- 
sels to obtain water from the river, and so reduced them Ijy thirst as 
well as by starvation. At last the time caine when the unfortunate 
remnant of the once honored Illinois Xation could hold out no longer, 
and they awaited but a favoral)le opportunity to attempt their escape. 
This was at last att'orded by a dark and stormy night, when, led by 
their few remaining warriors, all stole in profound silence down the 
steep and narrow declivity, to be met ijy a solid wall of their enemies. 
The horrible scene that then ensued is easier to imagine than to 
describe. Xo quarter was asked and none was given. For a time the 
howling of the tempest was drowned by the yells of the combatants 
and the shrieks of their dying victims. It is difficult to judge of the 
number of the Illinois that were quartered upon the rock. During 
this awful battle the braves fell one by one, fighting like very fiends ; 
and fearfully did they avenge themselves upon their enemies. The 
few women and chiklren, whom famine had left but enfeebled skel- 
etons, fell easy victims to the war clul)s of the terrible savages, who 
deemed it almost as much a glory to slaughter the emaciated women 
and hel]>less children as to strike down the men who were able to 
make resistance with arms in their hands. They were bent upon the 
utter extermination of their hated enemies, and most .successfully did 
they bend their savage energies to the Ijloody task. 

Soon the victims were stretched ujion the sloping ground south and 
west of the rock ; there tiieir bodies lay stark upon the sand which had 


l)een throAvn up l\y the wild jirairie-wiiids. The wails of the feeble 
and the shouts of the strong- had ceased to fret the air, and the night- 
wind's mournful sighs through the neighboring pines sounded like a 
recpiiem, the flash of the lightning in the dark and clouded sky lit up 
the a-wful scene like tall funeral tapei's. Here was enacted the fitting 
Hnale to the work of death which had been commenced by the de- 
struction of tlie city of Kaskaskia — scarcely a mile away on the opjio- 
site side of the river — neai-ly a century befoi'e by the still more sav- 
age and terrible Iroquois. Yet all were not destroyed, for, in the dark- 
ness and confusion of the fight, eleven of the most athletic warriors 
broke through the besieging lines. From their high perch on the iso- 
lated rock they had marked well the little nook below into which 
their enemies had moored at least a part of their canoes, and to these 
they rushed with headlong speed, unnoticed by their foes. They threw 
themselves into the boats, and rowed hurriedly down the rajiids 
Ijelow. They had been trained to the use of the paddle and tiie canoe, 
and knew every intricacy of the channel, so that they could safely 
navigate it even in the dark and boisterous night. They knew their 
deadly enemies would soon be in their wake, and there was no safe 
refuge for them short of iSt. Louis. They had undoubtedly been with- 
out food for many days, and had no provisions with them to sustain 
their waning strength ; and yet it was certain death to stop by the 
way. Their only hope was in pressing forward by night and by day, 
without a moment's pause — scarcely looking back, yet ever fearing 
that their pursuers would nuike their a])])earance from around the 
|)oint they had last left behind them. If they could re.ich St. Louis, 
there they would l)e safe ; if overtaken they would ])erish, as had the 
rest of their tribe. It was truly a I'ace for life, and, as life is sweeter 
than revenge, we may safely presume that the pursued were impelled 
to greater exertions than the pursuers. 

Until the morning light i-evealed that their canoes were gone the 
confederates believed that their sanguinary work had l)een so thor- 
oughl}' done that not a living soul of the Illinois people renuiined. 
But as soon as tlie escape was discovered a hot ])ursuit was commenced. 
But those who ran for life won the race. Tiiey reached St. Louis 
l)efore their enemies came in sight, and told their apjialling tale to the 
commandant of the fort, from whom they j'eceived jirotection and a 
generous supply of food, which their famished condition so much re- 
quired. This had barely been done when their enemies a])])earcd and 
fiercely denumded their victims, that no di-op of human blood might 
longer circulate in the veins of their hated enemies. This was re- 
fused, and they retired with threats of future vengeance upon the fort — 
whicli. however, they never had the means of executing. 

After their enemies had gone, the Illinois, who never afterwards 
claimed that name, thanked their white friends for their kind enter- 
tainment, aiul, full of sorrow that words cannot ex]iress, they slowly 
paddled their way across the river to seek a new home and new friends 
among the tribes who then occu])ied the southern part of Illinois, and 
who listened to their sad story with sympathy and kindness. This is 
the last that we really know of the last of the Illinois. We do not 


knoAv that a drop of their blood now animates a human l:)eing; hut 
their name is perpetuated in this great state, of whose record in the 
])ast all are so proud, and as to whose future the hopes of all are so 

Proclamations affecting tlie Indian tribes here were issued as early 
as lTti4, land sales registered as earlv as 1773, and the regulation 
hulian treaties m 1795. 

On December 80. 17t>4, General Thomas Gage issued his proclama- 
tion respecting lands in Illinois. It provided liberty for the Catholic 
religion, for the removal of the P>ench inhabitants should they not 
desire to become sul^jects of the British, etc., etc., and other stipula- 
tions entirely foreign to tiie spirit of the British. 

In 1773 the Indian deeds to tlie Illinois comjiany were made. 
The tracts deeded to the Illinois com])any included lands along the 
Illinois river to Chicago, or Garlick creek, and tiience fifty leagues 
north to the battle-ground of tlie Pewaria and Renard Indians in 1727. 

By the treaty of Greenville, 1795, 64rO acres where Chicago now 
stands. 1,280 acres at the mouth of the Illinois, 640 acres at the old 
Piorias \illage. near tlie south end of Illinois lake, were reserved to the 
savages concerned in that treaty. 

On August 13, 1S()3. the ITnited States negotiated a treaty with the 
Kaskaskia Indians, at \'incennes. with the remnant of several Illinois 
tribes then grouped under the name of Kaskaskias. By this treaty all 
their lands were ceded except 350 acres near the town (which was 
secured to them by Congress in 1791). and also 1,2S0 acres, to be 
selected l>y tiiem. The annuity promised was $1,000, or $500 more 
than allowed in the Greenville treaty of 1795; $100 per annum toward 
the sup])()rt of a priest who would also act as school teacher; $300 
toward the erection of a church, and $580 to pay off their debts. 
This cession comprised all lands from the mouth of the Ohio to twelve 
miles below the mouth of the AVaI)ash, to the ridge between the head 
waters of the Wabash and Kaskaskia and along this ridge until it 
reaches the watei's Howing into the Illinois, to the mouth of that river, 
and thence down the Mississippi to the Ohio. 

The treaty of St. Louis between the United States and the Sacs 
and Foxes made November 3, 1804, m-ovided for the cession of all the 
countrv bounded by the Mississippi, Wisconsin, Fox and Illinois rivers, 
on condition of the first party paying in goods $2,234.50. and an 
annuity of $600 to the Sacs and $400 to the Foxes. It was also stipu- 
lated that their wars Avith the Great and Little Osages should forever 
cease, and that amity should forever exist between the first and second 
parties. The chiefs signing were Layauvois, Pashepahoe or The Giger, 
Quashquame or Jumping Fish, Outchequaha or Sun Fish, Hahshe- 
quaxhiqua or the Bear. The witnesses were Pierre Choteau, Aug. 
Choteau. Charles Gratiot, John Griffin, Wra. Prince, secretary to 
General Harrison, who signed for the ITnited States. 

The ti'eaty of Portage des Sioux, of September 14, 1815, was signed 
by Black Hawk, May 13, 1S16, at St. Louis. It was simply a 
renewal of the treaty of 1804, and the chief declared he was wheedled 
into signing it. 


At the Council of Chicago, held Aug'ust 17, 1S21, (Teneral Louis 
Cass defined tlie Pottawatomie country as extending along both sides 
of the Illinois river and all its tributaries and along the western shore 
of Lake Michigan to Green Ijay, with other possessions south of Lake 
Erie. This treaty was concluded after much delay and five millions 
acres of land l)ecame the pi-opei'ty of the United States. The hist 
treaty with tlie Pottawatoniies prior to their removal was made at 
Chicago, September 26, 1838. At tiiis treaty the Indians were actu- 
ally made drunk, and signed away their possessions in this condition. 
In 183.5 they received their last annuity in Illinois, and shortly after 
were removed to Northwestern Missouri. 

In 1831 a missionary, Rev. Jesse Hale, was sent into tlie military 
tract to labor among the Indians. Louis Bailey Avas his interj)reter. 
Hale delivered his sermon all right ; so did Bailey inter})ret it correctly. 
Shaubena then said : " To what white ]ireacher say, I say, maybe so ! 
Are all white men good * I say, maybe so. Do white men cheat 
Indian i I say, maybe so. Governor Cole gave me, Shaubena, hunt- 
ing grounds and told me to hunt. Your big White-sides (Gen. White- 
side) come along and tell Shaubena jjvck-a-c/we (clear out)." Having 
said this he tore and tramped upon Governor Cole's agreement with 
him. Hale ado]ited conciliatory measures, and stated : "Whiteside is 
a bad white man." Shaubena replied : " If white man steal Indian's 
land, hang him ! " This last sentence settled Hale's life among the 
tribes. Ilunning toward Hennepin, he arrived there safe, continued his 
return trip east, and Shaubena never heard of inm again. 

In early years it was the custom of the Indians to sjiend a part of 
the year along the streams in this ]mrt of Tutnam county. Indeed 
they were known to visit Harris W. Miner's cabin in herds, stay 
several days, complete a series of trades, and purchase meal. He 
remembers seeing the chief rolled in his blanket, slee])ing or loafing 
for days, while the young men of the band were engaged m foraging 
or hunting. 

In 1830 the band moved from Walnut to Indian creek, and for a 
short time made what is now Stark county their nniin hunting ground. 

The Ottawa chief, Pontiac, and the remnant of his trilje, who, after 
the Franco-British war, selected the country in the vicinity of Wil- 
mington for his principal village, and there located in 1764-5. In r7<i!t, 
he was killed by a, chief of the Illinois, Kineboo, during the council 
of Joliet Mound, iield tiiat year. In tills Indian village, the first full- 
blood Indian friend of tlie whites, Shahbonee, was boi'u alj(jut 177<>. 
Although an Ottawa, he married adaughter of the Pottawatomie chief, 
Spotka, at the mouth of Fox 7-iver. At that village he was declared 
chief of the Pottawatomies, and shortly after removed the tribe 
to the head of Big Indian creek, in Delvalb county. In 1807 he 
visited Tecumseh. which visit was returned in 1810. In 1811 he was 
present at the council of A'incennes, ])resided over by (Toneral Harri- 
son. In 1812, the couriers of Tecumseh ai-rived in Illinois, offering 
largesses to the tribes who would aid the British against the United 
States. Shabbonee resisted the offer until the fall of 1812, when he 
and twenty-two of his warriors left to aid Tecumseh. He was present 


iit the l)attle of the Thames, in Canada, as was also IJilly Caldwell or 
SaiKjdnasli. During' the AVinneliago and Hlaek Hawk war, herendeivd 
incalculable good to the settlers, and died regretted in Grundy county, 
July 17, 1859. His wife, Pokanoka. was drowned in Mazen creek, 
{■irundy county, November 30, lS6-t. It is relateil that in 1S32 he 
visited this ])art of the military tract, warning the peojile to leave. 
Acting on this information, John Essex, David Cooper, Thomas Essex, 
8i'.. and Thomas. Jr., with their families set out for the fort near Pekin, 
but all returned to their ])ioneer homes with tlie excejrtion of Thomas 
Essex, Jr., who settled near Peoria. 

It is related that one of the primary causes of the Black Hawk war 
was from an incident that hap])ened in Liverjiool townshijx Fulton 
countv. Joseiih Farris, Asa Smith, and Bird Ellis, while out huntiu"', 
es[)ied a young Indian, caught him, cut switches and whi])ped liini 
with them, lie attempted to escape and while doing so one of the 
])arty struck him on the head with a gun, and they left him near the 
Indian camp. He recovered so as to get to his friends, but died just 
as they arrived at Peoria, where they had carried him on a litter. 

The immediate cause of the Indian outl)reak in lS3(i was the occu- 
pation of Black Hawk's village, on the Kock river. In' the whites, 
during the absence of the chief and his Ijraves on a hunting expedition, 
on the west side of the Mississi])pi. When they returned, they found 
their wigwams occupieil by white families, and their own women and 
chiklren were shelterless on the banks of the river. The Indians were 
indignant, and determined to rej)ossess their village at all hazards, and 
early in the sjtring of 1831 recrossed the ^[ississi])])i and menacingh' 
took ])ossession of their own coi-nfields and cabins. It may i)e well to 
i-emark here that it was ex])ressly stipulated in the treaty of 18o4. to 
which they attributed all their troubles, that the Indians should not be 
(jbliged to leave their lands until they were sold by the Unitetl States, 
and it tioes not appear that they occupied any lands other than those 
owned by the government. If this was true, the Indians had good 
cause for indignation and complaint. But the whites, driven out in 
turn by the returning Indians, became so clamorous against what they 
termed the encroachments of the natives, that (xovernor Revnolds, of 
Illinois, ordered General Gaines to Hock Island with a military force 
to drive the Indians again from their homes to the west side of the 
]\Iississi))])i. Black Hawk says he did not intend to be provoked into 
war by anything less than the blood of some of his own ])eople; in 
other words, that there would be no war unless it should be commenced 
by the pale faces. But it was said, and probably thouyht by the mili- 
tary commanders along the frontiei', that the Indians intended to unite 
in a general war against the whites, from Rock river to the Mexican 
borders. I>ut it does not appear that the hardy frontiersmen them- 
selves had any fears, for their ex])erience had been that, when well 
treated, their Indian neighbors were not dangerous. Black Hawk and 
liis Ijand had done no more than to attempt to re])ossess the old homes 
of which they had been depi'ived in their absence. No blood had been 
shed. Bkick Hawk and his chiefs sent a flag of truce, and a new treaty 
was made, by which Black Hawk and his band agreed to remain for- 


ever on the Iowa side and never recross the river without the ]ier- 
mission of the President or tlie (iovernor of Illinois. Whether the 
Indians clearly understood the terms of this treaty is uncertain. As 
was usual, the Indian traders had dictated terms on their behalf, and 
they had received a large amount of provisions, etc., from the go\'ern- 
ment, but it may well be doubted whether the Indians com])reliended 
that they could never revisit tlie graves of tlieir fathers without violat- 
ing their treaty. They undoubtedly tliought tliat tliey had agreed never 
to recross the Mississip]>i witli hostile intent. However this may be. on 
the 6th day of April, 1832, Black Ilawk and his entire band, with their 
women and children, again recrossed the Mississippi in plain view of 
the garrison of Fort Armstrong, and went up Kock river. Altliough 
tliis act was construed into an act of hostility by the military author- 
ities, who declared that Black Hawk intended to recover his village, or 
the site where it stood, by force ; but it does not appear that he made 
any such attempt, nor did his appearance create any special alarm 
among the settlers. They knew that the Indians never went on the 
war path encumbered witli the old men, their women and their chil- 
dren. The wiir commenced, however, and among the enemies of tlie 
Hawk, tliere were none more pronounced than the early settlers of 
Spoon river precinct, as shown in tlie military history. 





HEX tlie illustrious Manjuette was on his return voyage up 
the Illinois river, it is related that he met many of the orig- 
inal Indian occupiers of the valley, just returned from their 
trans-Mississip])i exile, to which the Iroquois had driven 
them. When La Salle came here over two hundi'ed years 
ago, he found the Peorias in full possession of the 
country, with their principal town at the outlet of the lake. 
There a great trading ))ost was founded by the French, and 
continued do-\TO to the war of 1812. At this time Governor 
Edwards ordered the destruction of the seventy dwellings 
constituting the town and the lianishment of the inhahitants. 
owing to their known symjiathy with the British. In 1S14 
P^ort ('lark was constructed, then deserted, and four years 
S later Abner Eads and Josiah Fulton settled there as the first 
^ white American pioneers. This was the actual beginning of 
' settlement on the military tract in April, 1819, by the advance 
guard of the " Shoal Creek Colony." 

Harvey L. Ross, in his youthful days, was fond of hunting and 
trading with the Indians. When but seven years of age he had killed 
wild turkeys, geese. and small game of almost every kintl. and at twelve 
thought nothing of killing a deer. He savs he also remembers catching 
twelve wolves in less than a month in steel traps placed near a dead 
norse. He relates some incidents of the first trading expedition in 
which he was engaged, which occurred in 1828. He started from 
Lewistown in company with Edward Plude, a Frenchman and Indian 
interjireter, and "IjiH" Eveland, son of John f^veland. Eveland was 
a large, powerful man, well accjuainted with the country and familiar 
with the Indian character. They loaded a two-horse wagon at Lewis- 
town with goods and traveled through what is now known as Knox, 
Stark and Peoria counties, where they found a large number of Indians 
and traded their goods to advantage. They returned home with their 
wagon loaded with furs and deer skins. They were gone three weeks 
and had traveled aliout one hundred and fifty miles, meeting only with 
two white settlers after leaving the neighl)orhood of Canton. 

Among the men who came about this time was Isaac B. Essex, who 
was appointed Indian teacher by Jesse Walker, the first Methodist 
preacher in the State. Although the school was for the benefit of the 
Indians, white chddren. what few there were, were permitted to attend. 
The names of the white scholars, as far as remembered by Captain 
Ilaacke, were Lawson Holland. N. Smith. Sally Eads, J. Sharp, J. and 


(l(i irrsTOKv 1)1' stai;k nirxTV. 

Uohert l>atii;nn, i). Avery. Andrew Avery, Jolm and James Dixon. 
William. M. C, and Warren Jjotiardus. p]ssex taught several terms 
and then moved to a claim a little below liock Island. His claim was 
made on the top of a, blutl overlooking the Mississippi river, where he 
attemi)ted to build a city, which he called Quebec. But the attempt 
tailed, and Quel)ec was lost. In later years he returned to Peoria, and 
in the fall of 1S2S visitetl this county, staked his claim on the northeast 
([uarter of section 1.5, Essex townsiiip, juvpared the logs and siding for 
his future house, and, returning to "Shoal creek," remained tliere until 
April, 1829, when he set out to settle finally in the wilderness. With 
him were his wife and children, and accompanying him from Prince's 
drove were Daniel Prince, Frank Thomas, Stephen French, Simon 
lieed, and Eevs. Silliman and Allen, I>aptist preachers. They formed 
the " liuilding IJee,'" who raised the first caljin in Stark county within 
twenty-lour hours after arriving on the spot, where the first settler had 
])repared the lumber a few uiontlis before. Following the Essex family 
came John B. Dodge, a son-in-law of Benjamin Smith, and a relative 
of Elder Silliman. lie built his cabin on section 14, near the Essex 
cabin, and took all the parts credited to him in other cha])ters, until 
killed at Hock Island by a des[)erado from Kentucky. 

In March, l>s;)u, Squu-e Benjamin Smith, William P. Sewell, and 
(Ireenleaf Smith arrived and erected the thii'd building in the county, 
near that of Dodge, who left his cabin to John E. (Jwings in 1S31. 
William D. Grant built a shanty on what was known as "The James 
Ilolgate Farm," m 1831, and in this year also came Thomas and Eliza- 
lieth Essex, ])arents of the pioneer settler, with their children. Thomas, 
David, William, and Josejili Essex, and Mrs. ('ooi>er witli her husljand 
David. Harris W. Miner, mentioned at the beginning of the marriage 
record, Peter Miner, and Sylvanus Moore, named in the military, or- 
ganic, legal and ]iolitical chaiiters, and the quiet David Gregory, were 
all here. 

In 1832 Major McClenahan came to S])oon river early in the spring, 
with nine of his children. He t(jok possession of Peter Miner's cabin 
near Wyoming, and resided thei-e for a few months until the first im- 
provements were conq)leted in (-ioshen townshi}), known as the "Mc- 
Clenahan Settlement." The male adults of the family then were 
Ehjah, Elijah, Jr., James and Robert. Within this and the succeeding 
two years came James Holgate, Miss Marsh, Thomas Winn, Hugh 
White, Lewis Sturms, Minott Silliman, John Love, James Morrow, 
John P. Hayes, Jesse Heatii, John McClure, Jason Hopkins, Hugh 
Montgomei'v, F]li;is Love, Thom. Leeks, A. Baker, Pardon 15. Dodge, 
and Henry and Samuel Seeley, some of whom ln'ought large families. 
Henry McClenahan came late in 1834, and the next yeai', Thomas 
Bradford and Geo. Parker. 

In December, 1835, a party arrived at Osceola (xrove under the lead- 
ership of Major Robert ^loore. This party couiprised the leader, Avith 
James Buswell, Isaac S]>encer. Thomas Watts, Giles C. Dana, Peter 
Pratt, and Dr. Pratt, but all did not settle ]iermanentlv there. In June, 
1836, came William Hall, Mrs. William Hall, Robert and Mary Hall, 
Archibald Vandyke and wife, Charles Vandyke, Myrtle G. Brace, Brady 

Kxri.(n;ATii)N and di^citi'ation. 67 

Fi)\\'ler, E. S. Brodhead, John Davis family, Ileiulerson family, Thomas 
family, William Mahany. "William Godley, the Dorrance family. Will- 
iam and Henry Dunbar, David and (leorge Simmennan, Motfetts, 
Ilodgesons, Dunns. Wyckoffs, AVebsters, Emervs. Chatfields. Trickles. 
Eckleys. Likes or Lakes, Barnetts, and Jacob Smith, Henry Iiutler. Jar- 
ville Chaffee, AV. E. Buckingham (called by General Thomas the " Buke 
of Ducking-ham "' i, Simeon Ellis, Dexter AVall, Ira and Cyril AVard, S. G. 
AVorley. AVilliam Ogle, Adam Day, Henry Sweet. Asher AV. Smith, 
Lewis and Chris. Sammis, Ephraim Barrett. AVilliam Bowen, Adam 
Perry, Eli])halet EUzworth or Ellsworth. Samuel Love, Peter Sharer. L. 
Townsend, Henry Breese. Samuel Butler. Henry Sweet, Hugh Frail. 
Joseph Xewton, Israel Seeley. Daniel I)ol)bins, antl Henry and Matthias 
Sturms. All may be said to l)e here pi'ior to the close of the year \s'/S. 
with others younger and less ])rominent. whose names a]ipe;ii' in other 
chapters. From the i>eginning of 1.S87 to the s])ring of Is3i» many 
others joined the .settlers here, completing the pioneer circle, and ready 
to accept the responsibility of the local government granted to them in 
the latter year. The following copy of the original assessment roll 
ahnost covers the wIkjIc list of the pioneers of Stark county : 

The assessment of 1830. for the first district of the new county, 
was made by Isaac Spencei'. In the following list the names of own- 
ers and values oi ])ersonal properties are given, the figures denoting- 
dollars : Avery, Zebulon. 344; Avery, Josejih, (lOb; Bayard. Ejihi-aim. 
IfU; Buswell, James. 30-1-; Brace, Mvrtle, 343; Currier, Asa, 22!»; Currier. 
David. 73; Carter. Timothy, 3sO; Lhikes. Martin. 2-28; Davis. John, 3(U; 
Fei-ris. Svlvanus. .55; P\)wler. P>radv. 144; (Truthage. Thomas, (id; 
(4reentield. Charles. 123; Gray. Sarah. lOO; Hall. Robert. 4<;'.l ; Hall. 
Thomas. 15(i ; Hail. Langley. 43; Hall. AVilliam. 206; Harvey. Aaron. 
311 ; Hamilton. .lohn, 15 ; Lyle. John and Tliomas, T3(i ; Lyle. AVilliam. 
152 ; Leeson. John. 4(i(i ; Aloore. James AL, 216 ; Moore, AVilliam, 310 ; 
Moore, Robert, 220 ; Orsman, Morris, 30 ; Orsman, Bennett, 40 ; Oliver. 
Thomas, 273 ; Parks, AVilliam. 366 ; Pratt, Peter, 106 ; Bicker. Ben ja- 
min. 342; Sweet. Henry. 118; Sturm. Henry S.. 340; Sturm, Samuel, 
07; Sturm, Alatthew. Jr.. 07 ; Sturm. Nicholas, 205 ; Seeley. Israel. 5'.>; 
Seeley. Henry. 327; Smith, Asher, lOti ; Sturm, AIatthias,"257 ; St(me. 
Libertv. 112; Spencer, Isaac, 347; Sharer. Roliert. 12."'>; TurniiuU, 
Robert. 155; Turnbull, John, 203; A^'an Dvke, Arch. 113 ; AVhitakei-. 
Oliver, 333 ; AVinslow, Calvin, 312; AVoodard, Daniel, 151 ; AVoodard, 
Smith. 125 ; AA^inters. John, 265; White. Hugh. 60; AVhite. Henry. S4: 
Whitcher iV- A'ance, 135; AVoodard, Alfred, 117 : the t<Jtal valuation 
being S3,u'.i4. 

The list <jf pei'sonal |)roi)erty in disti-ict .\o. 2. in the county of 
•Stark, with the names of the owners and value of the personal property, 
assessed by John AV. Agard, for the year 1830, is as follows, the figures 
denote value in dollars : John AA^. Agard, 3()5 ; Moses Boardinan, 710; 
Thomas Bradford. II. "S; Henry Bi-eeze, 107; Heni-y Butler, *<Sii: 
(leorge Cargill. 375; Samuel Camp. 40; Lewis I)aven])ort. 1(>(» ; 
Lemuel S. Dorrance. (iln; AVilliam W. Di'ummond. S8 ; Elii)lialet 
Ellsworth. ;>50 ; Chauncy Fiellen. 3o6 ; Jesse AV. Heath. 125; James 
Holgate, 775; Aloses Jordan. Inn : Sanuiel Love. 224 ; P^lijah McClcua- 


han, 4-44; Nehemiah Merritt, 310; Sylvanus Moore, 359; Benjamin 
Newton, 120; Benjamin Newton, Ji'., 45; Joseph Newton, 257 ; George 
Parker, 25; Virgil Pike, 149; Ciiristoplier Samas, 4,110; Samuel 
Seely, 345; Peter Sliafer, 104; AVhitney Smith, 653; Benjamin Smith, 3(i6; 
Sewell Smith. 148; Greenleaf Smith, 475; John Spencer, 236; Samuel 
Thomas, 1,159 ; Leman Thurston, 123; Thomas Timmons, 170; Ilora-'-e 
Vail, 261 ; Dextei' llaU, 274; John A. Williams, 75; Thomas Winn, 
357 ; the total valuation being !gl5,916. The real estate in district No. 
2 was also assessed by John "W. Agard at $14,880. The names of the 
greater nunaber of actual settlers are given in the list of original 
entries. • 

The assessment of Massilon precinct or district No. 3 was made in 
is3i» by J. II. liarnett. In the following list the names of ownei's and 
values (jf personal property ai-e giveii : Arnold, Philamler, 184 ; 
Brown, John, 278; Bnrfield, Benjamin, 243 ; Burfield, Carson, 106; 
Burfield, John, 75 ; Bafnett, Ephraim, 755 ; Barnett, James 11., I(i4; 
Clark, Tliomas S., 280; Coldwell, Washington, 225 ; (\jhlwell, Thonuis, 
271; Coldwell, Presley, 135; Coldwell, Henry, 141 ; Cooley, Abraliam, 
442; Cox, Nathan, 308; Drummond, Benjamin, 419; Drumnioud, 
Zorih. 152; Davis, Daniel, l9(l; Dunn, Augustus A., 230; Ecklev, George, 
352; Emery. Fred W.. 2.5(1 ; Finch, Lewis, 216; Finley, John, 299; 
Greenlee, Allen, 143 ; Greenfield, Bethnel, 75; D. and" C. Gingrich, 
326 ; Ilanna, Robert, 250 ; Janez, Michel, 218 ; Moler, John, who moved 
to Iowa, 27; Matthews, Newton, 284; Ogle, Howard, 32s ; Powell. 
Colvin, 235; Porter, William, 258; Porter, Edward. 141; Mounts, 
Pero, 264; McClure, John, 808; Pratts, John, 395; Sheets, Peter, 970; 
Smith. William, 435 ; Smith, Jacob, 293 ; Shaw, Sumner, 188 ; Stui-ges, 
Davitl, merchant, 325 ; Simmerman, Jacob, 75 ; Treekell, Jefferson, 
()77 ; Treekell, Stephen, merchant, 736 ; Treekell, EdAvard, 399 ; Tree- 
kell, Washington, 399 ; Thompson, Thomas, 90 ; Wvckoif, Nehemiah, 
301 ; AVebster, William W., 23(> ; Wriggan, William W., lOd ; and John 
Whitzell, 135. 

The list of pi'o])erty in district No. 4, in the county of Stark, with 
the names of the owners and the value of the property, assessed by 
Silas Ilichai'ds for the year 1839. is as follows : Albright, George, 8(» ; 
Bennett. Jeremiah, 210 ; Brink, James, 47 ; Cue, William, 360 ; Cundiff, 
John, 330; Coburn, William, 27(i ; Dunl)ar. William, 693; Dunbar, 
Henry. 419; DriscoU, Lutlier, 615; Eiaeiy. Conrad, 538; Emery, 
Jacob, 571 ; Emery, Joseph ; 339 ; Emery, Jesse, 128; Eltgroth, Elijah, 
40 ; Grant. Joshua, 145; Grant, Nelson', 155; Hodgson, Daniel, 425; 
Hodgson, Jonathan, 726; Hester, John, 440; Hays, Harry, 845; Ives, 
Henry, 220; Jackson, Barnabas M.. 2,092; Jackson, George, 115; 
Lundy, John. 254; Lake, William, 144; Lake, Reuben, 179; Miner, 
Peter F., 4s5 ; Miner, Harris W.. 460 ; Miner, J. iV. C. IL, 1,336 ; 
Miner, Jesse, 35; Manning, Abiali, 50; McClenaghan, Henrv, 455; 
Mas(m, AVilliam, 397 ; McWiibams, John, 23s ; Parrish. Samuel, 270; 
Parrish, Joel, 135; Palmer. Jose|)li, 32(i ; Richanis, Silas, 4(>1 ; Rich- 
ards, Milton, 392; Reed, Ira ('., 50; Russell, John, 64; Simmerman, 
David, 535 ; Simmerman, George, 205 ; Sellen, Edward, 255 ; Stoddard, 
Israel, 315; Stoddard, Marcus A., 125; White, John, 562; Wheeler, 


William. I(i8 ; Pulhamous, Isaac, 24: Wilson, James J., 117. Tlie 
total was $17,824. The list of lands in the fourth district, in the 
county of Stark, with the names of the owners and the value of the 
lands assessed hv Silas Richards, for the year 1839, comjtrised the 
names of Daniel Frost. Thomas (t. AVilliams and Isaac Foster. 

At the close of the war between the United States and England in 
1812, our government laid off a tract of land in Illinois for the sol- 
diers who participated in that war. The land thus a])pi'(i|)riated was 
emhraeed in the region between the Mississi]){)i and the Illiu(_)is rivers, 
and extended as far northward as the north line of Bureau and llenrv 
counties. To it the name •• ^lilitary Tract " was given, and by that 
luime this section is still known. Within this Ijoundarv is embraced 
one of the most fertile regions of the globe. Scarcely had Congress 
made the proper provisions to enable the soldiers to secure tlieir land 
ere a few of the most daring and I'esohite started to jxissess it. There 
were only a few. however, who at tii'st regarded theii' " quarter sec- 
tion '" of sufficient value to induce them to endui'e the hai'dships of 
the ]iioneer in its settlement ami improvement. Many of them scjld 
their patent to a fine •' jmairie quarter" for one hundretl dollars, 
others for less, while some traded theirs for a horse, a cow, or a watcii, 
regarding themselves as just so much ahead. This was a source of no 
little trouble to the actual settlei's. as shown further on in tl\is volume, 
for they could not always tell which tpiarter of land i)elonged to a 
soldier, or which was "Congress land" and could be preempted. 
Even when a settler found a suitable location known to be"])atent 
land," with a desire to pui-chase, he ex])erienced great difficultv in 
finding the owner, and often did not find him until he had ])ut iuin- 
dreds of dollars' worth of improvements on it, when the patentee was 
sure to turn up. It was seldom that a "patentee" could be found at 
the time of settlement, and many of the early settlers presumed that 
the owner never would Ije known ; but in many instances, after a, 
patent quarter section was made valuable by impi'ovement, the original 
patent would be In-ought on by some one, who would oust the occu- 
pant and tiike jiossession, sometimes paying him something for his 
improvements and sometimes not. Many holders of ])atents had no 
pity. This condition of affairs presented a tenqitation to merciless 
"land sharks," who would come into this section and work up cases, 
ostensil)ly for the original |)atentees, but really for their own pockets. 
The most notorious of these was one Toliver Craig, who actually nuule 
it a business to forge patents and deeds. This he carried on exten- 
sively from 1847 to 1854, e.specially in Knox and Fulton counties. lie 
had forty bogus deeds ])ut on record in one day at Knoxville. He 
was arrested in New York State in 18.54. by (). M. Boggess, of Mon- 
mouth, and taken to the jail at Cincinnati, Ohio, where he attenq)ted 
suicide liy arsenic; but at the end of a year he was released on bail. 
The settlers around Osceola (ti-ovc, with men from other townships, 
organized an anti-claim jumpers" society, which checked, effectually, the 
operations of the claim junq)ers. and enabled them to hold their lands 
until purchased from the government. 




was not always tlie voluntary procee(lin<^- we 
iiDW tind it. It was compulsory among the Greeks. The 
Spartans could not tolerate celibacy, and by"the laws of 
LycurgLis criminal proceedings could lie taken against those 
who married toolateor unsuitaljly, as well as against those 
who did not marry at all. It went hard with the latter. 
Should any man remain single beyond a certain age lie was 
pul)licly scorned, and was made to do penance by walking 
naked in the winter througli the mai'ket place, singing a sati- 
rical song on himself. In the French settlement of C'anada women 
were sent over after the men, and the single men, that they might be 
forced to marry, were subjected to heavy taxation and to restrictions 
on their trade and their movements generally. Those who married 
were dealt with, on the other hand, in a generous spirit. Not only 
were tiiev ])rovided with a good wife and comfortable home, but they 
were awarded according to the number of theii" offspring. The father 
of ten children was ])ensioned for life at the rate of 3(io livres a year, 
li' he had twelve children the allowance was increased to lou livres, 
and it went up to 1,200 livi'es when fifteen children blessed the union. 
The conditions were reversed in the English colonies, for there the 
settlers eagerly welcomed the otlier se.x, and did not hesitate to pay 
ti'aders heavily in tobacco weight for every marriageable woman they 
brought over. As far back, however, as 1695 the local aaithoi'ities of 
Eastham in Massachusetts voted that every unmarried man in the 
township should kill six blackbirds or three crows yearly while he re- 
mained single, producing the scalps in ])roof, and as a penalty for not 
ol)eving the oi'der he was forbidclen to marry until he had made up all 
arrears. The recpiirement in this case was ahnost nominal ; but it was 
not so in Maryland, where half a centui-y later the Colonial Asseml)ly 
imjMJsed a tax of live shillings yearly upon all bachelors above thirty- 
five years of age (and on widowers without children) who were pos- 
ses.sed of i'::5()(). Thei'e was a similar graduated tax on bachelors in Eng- 
land in the reign of "William III. Any commoner who was a bach- 
elor at twenty-five had to ])ay a shilling fine, yearly, and the amount 
was increased in accoi'dance with I'aidv or title, any dui'al offender 
being taxed t(i the extent of £12 l(ts. yearly. The taxes grew heavier 
before they were i-emoved, and the time came when" l)aclieloi'S were 
called upon to i)ay an extra tax on their servants. Thus we see the 
old states as well as young ones have found out that their prosperity 
depends upon its married citizens. The best subjects, as Lord IJacon 


MARRIAGE RECORD 1881-186(5. 71 

jioints out, are those in this relationship, the reason he t^'ives for this 
e<jnclusion Ijeing that single are " light to runaway," while " he that 
hath a wife and children hath given hostages to fortune." 

The marriage record of Spoon River precinct of Putnam county, 
from 1S31 to 1S39, is as follows : 

Daniel Warren and Lucy Skeel, by Samuel D. Langhlin, J. P. 

IJichard Hunt and Kuth Harram, by Samuel D. Laughlin, J P. 

Emanuel Hitchcock and Rebecca Merrill, by Benj. Smith, J. P. 


Dexter Wall and Sarah Starks. l)y Benj. Smith, J. P. 
Nero W. Mounts and Xancy Martindale, by Benj. Smith, J. P. 
Geo. F. Thomas and Elizabeth Romble. by W. M. Stewart, J. P. 
Martin Batterton and America Taylor, by Benj. Smith, J. P. 


Henry .James and Margaret Wilkin.son, by Luther Driscoll, M. G. 
.lerry R. Larkins and Sarah Ann Davis, by J. B. Chenoweth. 
Nelson Dugan and Mary A. Stroude, by W. M. Stewart, J. P. 
Wm. M. Young and Nancy H. Glenn, by J. B. Chenoweth, M. G. 
.lohn P. Judson and Maria AVattles, by J, B. Chenoweth, M.G. 
Isaac Baker and Eliza Ash, by J. B. Chenoweth, M. G. 
Joseph Cox and Catherine Edwards, l>y J. W. Agard, .J. P. 
fjangley Hall and Sarah Ligo, by M. G. Brace, J. P. 


April 10. W. W. Drummond and .Teniima McClenahau, by Jonathan 
Miner, M. G. 
Samuel Love and Catherine Taylor, by J. W. Agard, J. P. 
Jacob Zenor and Elvira Skeels, by B. Harris, M, G, 
.Joseph K. Lane and Emily ('hatt'ee, by J. W. Agard. J. P. 
W. A. Drummond and Ruth C'ox, by J. W. Agard. J. P. 
Samuel Sterne and IClizabeth Plienix, by M. G. Brace, J, P. 
'i'homas Timmons and Mary .Jane Davis, by J. W. Agard, J. P. 


Robert W. Clanahan and Lucy A. Richards, by .Jonathan Miner. 
David Currier and Rebecca Jane Parks, by W. G. Vail, M. G. 
(ieo. Simmerman and Phoebe Richmond, by Jonathan Miner. 
Dan. Woodward and Mary A. Haditat, by M. G. Brace, J. P. 

During tills time a license was issued to Miiujtt Silliman, hut as the 
ceremony was not j)ei'formed in I'utnam cininty the document and 
certiticate were i-ecoi'ded at St. Louis in 1833. 

Tiic marriage of Harris W. Mimn" and Miss Nancy (Tross, in the 
winter of 1S31-'J, w;is tlie lirst between white American settlei's within 
tlie hounds of Stark county. Scjuire Hiram M. C!urry, of Peoria 













































county, was the celebrant. In 1832 Nero W. Mounts married the 
AVidow Martinchile. Squire Benjamin Smith otticiatin^'. 

"In February, 1834-," says Mrs. Sliallenbui'ger, " thei-e was a wed- 
ding at the house of James Ilolgate, of which we can still learn some- 
thing. This was between a gentleman by the name of McClure and a 
sister of Mrs. Holgate, Miss Marsh. The gnests were Mr. and Mrs. 
Sylvanus Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Gi-eenleaf Smith. Mr. and Mrs. John 
Dodge, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Seeley and .lesse Heath. AVhether 
S(|nire Smith or some wandering preacher pei'foi-med the ceremonv, 
Mr. Ilolgate did not inform us, l)ut said he had, in 1834, but a cabin 
sixteen feet square, and well tilled with the usual comforts of pioneer life. 
They took the door from its hinges to add to the taljle, and as the 
weather was mild for the season, the men stood outside while tlie 
feixst was spread. Tlien 'bee gums' were Ijrought in and jtuncheons 
laid on them for seats, and they had an excellent dinner, no .scai-city of 
anything Init room. The rejiast over, the men had again to retire to 
the ' sky pai'lor ' until the table could be cleared and the door restored 
to its place, when they all managed to get inside and had a gay time. 
But the toilets must be left to the imagination of the reader." 

The first marriage license in this county was issued Ijy the first 
clerk, over forty years ago. We give tlie form of the license and cer- 
tificate in full : 

State op Illinois, Stark Counts, ss. — 

I, Oliver Wbitaker, Clerk of the County Commissioucrs Court of llie Counly of 
Stark, do liereliy authorize any reijular ministt-r of the Gospel. .ludue or Justice of the 
Peace, to unite in marriage William Cliarles and Esther Stoddard ; and the minister, 
.Judge or .Justice of the I\'ace who may unile tlie above named parties sbaJl make a certiti- 
eate of the same and return it to me within thirty days, as the law directs. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set m3' baud and private seal (there lieing no 
official provided) at Osceola, this 16th day of April, A. D. 1839. 

Oliver Whitakek, 
Statk of Illinois, Stark Coi-ntv. 

I hereliy certify tb;it, on the IStli day of April. A. D. lS3il, I joined in the holy state 
of matrimony, Jlr. William Charles anil Miss Esther Stoddard, according to the usual 
custom and law of the State of Illinois. Given under mv band and seal this ISth day of 
April, A. D. 1839. ' I^rTiiEU Dkisk.i.l,' 

Minixter of the Gospel. 

Tlie record of marriage certificates entei'ed in tiiis ct)nnty from 
this time to the close of I8t)(! is as follows : 


April 18. Wm. Cliarles and Esther Stoddarib by Luther Driscoll, M. (). 

•■' 18. fjewis Perry and C'larrissa JI. Elliot, hv Jonathan Miner, ^I. G. 
May 10. Egbert Ellsworth and Sarali Parrish, I'ly J. W. Agard. J. P. 

" 30. Robert C'olwell und .Nhiria MeClenalian. bv Jonathan Miner. 
M. G. 
July 8. Abel Stevens and Posaiina Davi.s. by W. F. \m\, .M. tb 
Aug. 15. Jacob Simmerinan and ^Maliiubi Slicets, bs^ Jonatlian Hodgson. 

J. P. 
Oct. IG. Luther Driscoll and Lydia Parrish. by Liitiier Driscoll. M. (i. 

" 20. Joseph Slocitm and EHza McKellogg. by Silas Picbanls. J. P. 
Xov. 21. Win. F. Thomas and Mary Butler, by John W. Agard, .J. P. 

MAKKIAGE RECORD 1831-1S66. 78 

Ira Wani, Jr., and Elizabetli Butler, by John W. Agard, J. P. 
Andrew Dray and Parnielia Winter, by John W. Agard, J. P. 
John Kiekey and Clarrissa Sweet, by John W. Agard, J. P. 


Josiah Drummonds and Lueretia Colwell, by Joseph Perry, J. P. 
IJobert Hall and Harriett Marsh, by Samuel Cam]i, J. P. 
Oaks Turner and Rebecca G. Butler, by Wilson Pitner, M. G. 
James K. ileClennahan and Anna Pollock, bv W. F. Vail, M. G. 
Wm. H. Butler and ilary Fuller, by Wilson Pitner, M. G. 
John Kiggen and Anna Bothwell, by Washington Trickle, J. P. 
Wm. Porter and Eleanor Hamilton, by W. F. Vail. M. G. 
Ezekial Dukes and :\[argaret Wright, 'by W. F. Vail, M. G. 
James Pollock and .Mary Parrish, by W^ F. ^"ail. M. G. 
Alex. B. Hamilton and Mary C. Pratz, by John Fiidey, J. P. 
Wui. E. Elston and Eliza Sweet, by Samuel C'amp, J. P. 
Everett Elston and ilary Howard, by Samuel C!amp, J. P. 
Stephen Ordawayand Pho'be Stiles, l)y Jonathan Hodgson, J. P. 
Ira V. Reed and ilaria Charles, by Luther Driscoll, M. G. 
William Tener and Christiana Coleman, by John Miller. P. J. P. 
Samuel Maycock and Augusta Currier, by Samuel Camj:), J. P. 
Henry S. Cooper and Elizabeth Manter, by Silas Richards, J. P. 
Theodore F. Hurd and Catherine il. Driscoll, by Luther Dris- 
coll. M. G. 
John W. Henderson and Mary Perry, by Jonathan Miner. M. G. 
Sylvester Glass and Oliver Electa Lane, by John Miller, P. J. P. 
Ira T. Dibble and Lucretia Elmira Lane, by John Miller, P. J. P. 
W. F. White and Juliana .Murphy, by Edward Trickle, J. P. 
•' 23. C'harles 0. Blish and Elizabeth Boner", by Luther Driscoll, M. G. 

Jan. 3. Joseph Newton and Jane White, by James B. Chenoweth, M. G. 

7. C. D. Fuller and Lydia Avery, by Samuel Camp. J. P. 
Mar. 4. Samuel G. Butler and S. L. Ward, by Jonathan Miner. M. G. 
'• 13. Joseph C. Avery and Martha Marsh, by Wm. Parks, J. P. 
" 18. Thomas G. Pattison and Sarah Stinbrook, by Jonathan Hodg- 
son, J. P. 
" 18. Marcus A. Stoddard and Lucinda A. Geer. by Jomithan Miner, 
.M. G 
John Burfield and Emily Colwell. by Edward Trickle. J. P. 
Urial T. Simmerman and Juliet Richards, by Jonathan Hodg- 
son, J. P. 
James Albro and Amy Lake, by Luther Driscoll, M. G. 
Carson Burfield and Eliza McClenahan, by Joseph Perry, J. P. 
Zarah Sweet and Sarah Stevens, by Samuel Camjj, J. P. 
(iabriel Bowen and Nancy Charter, by Aug. Richards, J. P. 
J. A. Parlcerand Ann Eliza Manning, by Jonathan Miner, M. G. 
John ('. Albro and .Alary A. Ohatfiekl, by Luthei Driscoll, M. G. 
Patrick Xeval and .lane Pounds, by Jonathan Hodgson. J. P. 
Noah Fogg and Kliza Smitli, no record. 

Daniel Smith and Henrietta Eagon. by Washington Trickle. J. P. 
John Bishop and Clarinda Williams, by Edwanl Trickle. J. P. 
Minot Silliman and Henrietta Bathen, Ijy Jonathan Hodgson. 
Joseph Blanchai-d and .\nn White, by Wm. Parks, J. P. 














1 2. 


































,' .' 











No date. 









Thomas Graves and Naucy A. Cox, by Edward 'rrickle. J. P. 
Eugenus Frum and Elizabetli IJarnett. by Jonathan Miner. 
G. A. Hough and Elizabetli t!lark. by Samuel (i. Wright. M. (i. 
John Pryor and Mary Ilalsted. by Jonatlum Hodgson. J. P. 
Joseph X. Benedict and Martlia Bui'tield. by Jonatlian Hodg 

son, J. P. 
Iniri Merchant and Martha Brooks, by Jonathan Miner, M. G. 
Miles A. Fuller and Ami Avery, by Win. Parks. J. P. 


Charles Bolt and Catherine Slifer, by W. F. ^'ail,' M. G. 
Seth B. Bristol and Rebecca Pollock', by 8. G. Wriglit, M. G. 
B. S. Helyard and Sabriua Logan, by John Miller. P. J. P. 
L. 0. Riddle and Eliza Smith, by John ilillgr. P. J. P. 
W. G. Knaggs and Laura Ann A. Ijittle, by Samuel G. Wright. 
James H. Beebe and Lucy A. Stoddard, by Samuel G. Wright. 
Solomon Geer and Nancy Piienix, by Peter S. Shaver, J. P. 
Daniel P. Reed and Leaiina Carter, by Edward Trickle, J. P. 
Reuben Colwell and Elizabeth Springer, by Edward Trickle. 
James B. Witter and Margery Eckley.lDy Edward Trickle, J. P. 
Henry Sweet and Melinda Stevens, by Samuel C'amp, J. P. 
Isaac Pulhamons and Lutitia Dunbar, by Jonathan iliiier, M. <i. 
Simon Sturm and S. S. Miller, bv Wm. Moore, J. P. 
W. W. Winshjw and Lucy M. Fuller, by Wm. Parks, J. P, 
John Stewart and Aurrilla Parrish, by Jonathan Hodgson, J. P. 
Alex H. Swiger and Naiicv I. Jolmson, bv Wilson Pitner, M. G. 
Wm. Clark and Emeline Walter, by Joliii M. Milk^-, M. G. 
James Davis and Sarah Jane Dunbar, by Jonatluin Hodgson. 
James P. Denby and Lucinda Bostwick, by Augustus Richards. 
James McNaught and Elizabeth Durana, by Jonathan Hodgson. 
Robert Rule and Cliarlotte Oliver, by W. F. Vail, M. G. 
Smith Hays and Jane Dray, by Samuel Camp, J. P. 

Henry Sellon and Phu^be Stoddard, by Jonathan Miner, ^l. G. 
Wm. Ackley and Angeline Scofield, by Samuel G. Wright, M. G. 
Samuel Ridgeway and Icy B. Miller, by Peter S. Shaver, J. P. 
Lewis Bavley and Mary Lake, by Levi Chase, M. G. 
Egbert Ellsworth and Olin E. Glass, by John Sanders, M, G. 
John Swab and Mary Jane Emery, by Washington Trickle. J. P. 
Oliver Moore and Hester Ann Thurston, by Peter S. Shaver. 
David Essex and Xancy E. Wilkison. by Jonathan Anthony, 

Pastor M. E. church. 
Bevel Beardsley and Martlia Nixon, by Luther Driscoll, M. G. 
Edmund Winslow and Eliza P. Currier, by Alfred H. .Murray- 
Charles Lake and Eliza Ann Davis, by Edward Trickle, J. P. 
John Cundiff and Ruth Stites, by Jonathan iliiier. M, G. 
John Aueur and Lucinda Snyder, by Jonathan Hodgson. 
Smith Woodward and Sarah Jordan, by Lewis Austin, J. P. 
Lucius E. Miner and M. Louisa Culbertson, iiy Jonathan Miner. 
'J'homas Hinges and Ann Carney, by John \V. Agard, J. P. 

Jan. 29. Lyman Hanehett and Lucinda Jane Simmernian, by George W. 
Jackson, J. P. 

































April 21. 
" 21, 

i i 


i I 






July 14. 























1 5. 




















MARKIAGE RKCoKH 1S31-1866. 75 

,lon:itliaii Pi'.ittz and ¥A\za Jane ilurpliy, by Samuel G. Wright. 
David Emery and Mary Albright, by John Berfield, J. P. 
(Jeorge D. .Sturm and JIarian Jordan, by Lewis Austin, J. l\ 
Caleb A. Mounts and Naomi Xewton. by James B. C'henoweth. 
James H. Dunn and Patty Ann Sturm, by Lewis Austin, J. P. 
Tbeo. Pulhamous and Eliza L. Hodgson, by A. E. Phelps, M. G. 
Ansel Fuller and Lydian Sweet, by James Buswell, J. P. 
Levi Leek and Emily iL Pomery, by Jonathan Miner, M. G. 
John ilurphy and ^lartha Hester, by Jonathan Hodgson, P. J, P. 
Amza Newman and Sylva Jackson, by Lewis Austin, J. P. 
Jeremiah P. Ward and Alniira Day, by Jonathan Miner, M. G. 
James Jackson and Elizabeth Sturm, by Lewis Austin, J. P. 
Mckery Nation and Eosanna Pro, by Lewis Austin, J. P. 
Isaac C". Reed and Luna A. Pomeroy, by Daniel Bagley, M. G. 
Robert iL Moore and Maria White, by James Buswell, J. P. 
Alexander W. Albro aud Hester Ann Wilcox, by Hervey J. 

Rhodes, J. P. 
David H. Longand Eliza J. Simmerman, by Edward Trickle, J. P. 
James Greenough and Ellen Barrett, by Jonathan Anthony. 
George Sheets and Charlotte Simmerman, by Edward Trickle. 


J. H. JIartindale and Rachel Ricketts, by John Berfield, J. P. 
James Bishop and Charlotte J. Arnold, by John Berfield, J. P. 
David (iwyre and Sarah C'olwell, by Edward Trickle, J. P. 
Samuel Badham and ilarv Richards, bv Robert McClenahan. 
Oliver B. ^Linley and Eliza Prattz. by Samuel G. Wriglit, M. G. 
John Louis and Ellen Howard, by James Holgate, J. P. 
Hall S. Gregory and Flora Newton, by James B. Chenoweth. 
John A. Maxfield and Jane Winter, bv Jonathan Anthonv. 
Stephen W. Eastman and Susana M. Gill, by Elisha Gill, M. G. 
Thomas B. Donnelly and iLirgaret Wilhelm, by John Berfield. 
Therrygood Riggen and Mariah Hubbell, by John Miller, J. P. 
Hosea Bulkley and Mary Nicholson, by Daniel Bagley, M. G. 
Oliver S. Avery and Eliza Jane Atherton, by John Miller, J. P. 
Bushrod Tapp and Mary Jane Essex, by Jonathan Anthony. 
George A . Worley and Mary A. Carter, by L G. Whitcomb. 
Henry Seeley and Amanda Boardman, by L G. Whitcomb, M. G, 
William Fenn and Anna Hester, by Jonathan Hodgson, P. J. P. 
James White and Anna Parmer, by Daniel Bagley, M. G. 

Amza Newman and Sarali Woodward, by Jonathan Hodgson. 
John Sjiringer and Sarah Coleman, by Edward Trickle, J. P. 
Jacob W. Blake and Susan L. Powell, by Daniel Baglev, M. (J. 
Adam Oliver and Polly Ann Parks, by W. J. Fraser, JL G. 
David Bedford and Mary Knapp, by H. R. Halsey, J. P. 
Avery A. Reed and Orselia Pomeroy, by Daniel Bagley, M. G. 
William Kinsey and Pauline Wilson, by Samuel G. Wright. 
William E. Foster and Sylvia C. Arnold, by Samuel G. Wright. 
Orrin Bates and Elizabeth Vail, by John Miller, J. P. 
Thomas A. Leonard and Harriet E, McClure, by Luther Dris- 
coll, M, G. 
Nov. 10. Jackson Dunbar and Mary Ann Wright, by Freeborn Haney. 
















































































1 19. 










Dec. 20. John Hodgson and Abigail Hester, by John Miller. .). 1*. 
" 24. W:isliin2:ton Dunbiir and Anna Lee. liy John Miller, M. P. 


Thomas P. Camronand Cynthia Hyler, by Edward Trickle. J. P. 

David Howard and Thaiiliful A. Elston, by Jolin Miller, J. P 

Benjamin Brooks and Amanda J. liounds. by Harvey J. Hhodes. 

Cliarles W. Todd and Al)bv Ann Dudley, by Samuel (!. Wri^-lit. 

Henry Colwell and Clarinda Ebby, by John Berfield, J. P. 

Thomas Riggen and Maria Rounds, by John Berfield. J. P. 

David P. Wintro and Louisa Edwards, by H. J. Rhodes, .1. P 

Joel Tliurstonand Malinda Ratrliff. liy John Miller. J. P. 

David D. Driscoll and Josei)hine il. Berger, by Luther Driseoll. 

Sylvanus W. Warner and Emeline Otis, by James M. Stickney. 

Amza Newman and Phoebe Greenfield, by John ililler. J. 1'. 

Natlian H. Jones and Susan S. Hubbell. by Samuel G. Wright. 

David H. Long and Angela M. Thompson, by Edward Trickle. 

Steplien Frye and Sarah E. Essex, by -John Miller, J. P. 

Lyman 0. Riddle and Margaret Runyan. by John Miller. J. P. 

Samuel Thomas and Ann Oziali, by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 

Henry F. Miller and Elizabetli P. Winslow, by Charles M. 
Johnson. J. P. 

Minott Sillinuxn and Lutetia Oziah, by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 

George D.Young and Catherine Parmenter. l)v John Miller, J. P. 

Caleb .M. S. Lyons and S. Eliza Rhodes, by S. G. Wright. M. G. 

Charles W. Caswell and Christiana Tencn. by Charles M. John- 
son, J. P. 
Dec. 38. Peter Nyberg and Louisa Anderson, by I. I. Headstrom. J. P. 

Jacob Springer and Samantha L. White, by C. M. S. Lyons, J. P. 
Emanuel Gunsaul and Missouri Ann Dunbar, by Moses Jared. 
David M. Taylor and Suey Ann Powell, byC. M. S. Lyons, J. P. 
Robert Bathan and Jerusha Berger, by John Miller, J. P. 
Daniel Phenix and Jane Moore, by Elisba (iill. M. G. 
Michael Isewell and JIary Emery, by Rev. Raphael Rainaldi. 

Jeduthan S. Hopkins and Ann L. Rouse, by Josiah MofHt, J. P. 
Cyril Ward and Mary :\IeXaught, by C, M! S. Lyons, J. P. 
Javil C'haffee and Mary Jane Boardman. by Josiah Mottit, J. P. 
James Essex and Elizabeth Essex, by Josiah ilotht. J. P. 
Albert B. Butler and Catherine Atherton, l)y Richard Radley. 
Alexander Rule and Betsey Oliver, by John Turnbull. .J. P. 
Luther Geer and Polly iloore. by Lnther Driscoll, M. G. 
Alexander Christy and Irena Sheets, by Josiah Moffit, J. P. 
Jacob Simmerman and Amelia Lane, by C. M. S. Lyons, J. P. 
William A. Sweet and Jane Persons, by H. I. Humphreys. M. G. 
John Barnhill and Penninali S. (i. Wright, ^[.(i. 
Perrv Stancliff and Marthv Davis, bv Josiah Moffit, .]."¥. 
Elder Abvand Marv Ann'Mur])hv. bv W. P. King, M. G. 
William Waddell aiid Esther Xeelev,' by John R. Rounds. J. P. 
William Lyle. jr.. and Margaret McCreath. bv S.G.Wright, M. G. 
Charles Rood and Elizabeth Lyle, by S. G. Wright. :M. (i. 
David W. Bennett and Mary Ann Dodge, by Moses Jared, M. (r. 








1 4. 


















, 2. 







i i 





















1 . 


1 2. 




































.MAUKiA(JK i{K(-oi;n lS31-lS(ifi. 77 

Churles B. Smitli iiiid Saiah .1. Suyder, by H. R. llalsey, J. P. 
(ieorge Prssoii and .Marta Erie Dotr, by I. I. Iledstrom, M. G. 
Aaron Tyler, jr., and Elizabeth Buswell, by S. (i. Wright, M. (J. 
(ieorge Elston and Mary Ann Inies. by .loshua (iilfinan, J, P. 
0. Argelon (fraves and fjucy Ann Hoardman, l)y .John Miller, .1. P. 
Dee. 12. Peter Johnson and Mary Johnson, by I, I. Hedstrom, M. G. 

,Tan. 1. Walter Puller and C'hloe M. Rowe, by S. G. Wright, M. G. 

7. Jeffrey A.Cooley and Louisa Culbertson, by S. G. Wright, M.ti. 
William A. Stites and Loviee Hodgson, by Absalom Woolescroft. 
Stanlev Morgan and Lvdia Long, bv Charles M. .Johnson, .1. P. 
Pennett C. Lee and El'izabeth Knight, by John Miller, J. P. 
.John Snyder and Susan S. Wright, by H, R. Halsey, J. P. 
William E. Uunn and Angelina H. WyckofE, bv Samuel G. 

Wright, M. (i. 
Isaac Sturms and Jane Stedham, liv .Joshua (iiltiniuin, J. P. 
Wdliam B. Smith and Eliza McXaught, by John Miller, .1. P. 
.John Potter and Charity Ann Young, by S. G. Wright, M. (i. 
Banajah Orsnum and .Mary Jane Sturm, by James Ilolgate, J. P. 
Andrew I'arker and Adeline D.I^ James Holgate, J. P. 
Willard E, Clark and Sarah liaekenberry, by .John Cnmmings. 
Jacob Holgate and Alveiia Williams, by .John Miller, J. P. 
Thomas W. Ross and ilargaret .J. Armstrong, by Samuel (J. 

Wright, il. G. 
Thonuis .J. Henderson and Henrietta Butler, by Richard Eadley. 
AMlliam P. Williams and Joanna Stidham, by S. G. Wright, 
.fones Wai'd and Martha Wicksals, by Jonathan Hodgson, M. (i. 
JIartin Shallenberger and Eli za Ja ne Hall, by Samuel G. I--'' 

Wright. ]\r. (f. • —' 

.July 4. Craig Headley and Enieline Oarner, by H. .J. Rhodes, P. J. P. 
."i. .James H. Conley and ilinerva Ann Hall, by J. I^\ Thompson. 
Aug. 13. (ieorge Hanimon and Konar Reader, bv C. M. Johnson, J. P. 
Sept. 27. Ilirain H. Drawver and Marv Phenix,"bv S. G. Wright, M. G. 
" 23. Charles H. Tunu-r ami Eliza' Ricketts, bv S. G. Wright, M, (i. 
Oct. 12. Albert Peters and JIartha Crex. by I. I. Iledstrom, M. (i. 

••' 30. Avery A. I?eed and Rhoda Walters, by Luther Driscoll, M. (i. 
Nov. 1.1. .John Leffler and Erances Wilkinson, by .John Miller. J. P. 

" 27. Andrew Oliver and Helen Turnbull. bv Samuel fi. Wright, M.G. 
Dec. 24. .Tolm P. Barnett and Catlierine Miller, by .John ililler. J. P. 

Peter Nelson and Clarinda Haskins, by John Miller, J. P. 
Abner Sturm and Eliza Sturm, by W, W. Winslow, J. P. 
Wm. G. Thompson and Mary Stiles, by Absalom Woolescroft. 
Welleston K. Euller and Sarah" Oziah, by John Miller, J. P. 
Ethan A. Corn well and Edith Emerv. bv Milton Ecklev. J. P. 
Benj. E. Edwards and Catherine Eekley.'by Milton Eckley. J. P. 
Perrv Winn and Sai-ah Graus. bv John Miller, J. P. 
0. \\. Manley and Elizabeth Aton, by M, P. King. M. (i. 
;\Iiles A. Fuller and Elizabetli S. Walker, by.James'B. Chenoweth. 
Robert Cox aiul Susan Guyre, by Isaac Thomas, .J. P. 
.James C. Pjgbert and t'atherine Swank, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
.Julius Ives and Eliza Newton, by Sam. (7. Wriglit, M. G. 





i. i 












1 1. 

• • 





















1 1, 

• ' 











Nathan Snare and Lydia Davidson. l>y Absalom Woolescroft, M.G. 
Henry CUay Henderson and lantlia Fuller, by Sam. G. Wright. 
James A. Morris and .Vbce (Jreenongh. by Isaac Thomas. J. P. 
Mardonius Dnrand and Mahala M. St. Peters, by Jacob Young. 
Verness Brown and Phoebe Stofer, by llev. James M. Stickney. 
Peter A. Grass and Elizabeth Ann Wooley. by John Miller, J. P. 
Daniel Gingrich and Lucinda Porter, by M. P. King, M. G. 
Daniel McKee and Sarah Jane Sturm, by Miles A. Fuller, J. P. 
Elis Deas and Mary A. Simmerman, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
Benj. C. Leonard and Snsan Dnrand, by John Miller. .1. P. 
Edwin R. Boardman and Hannah Fuller, by Sam. G. Wright. 
John Miller and Hannah Swank, by Jacob Yr)ung, J. P. 
John L. Blanchard and Esther Stowell, Ijy Joseph Catterlin (Seal). 
James R. Lashellsand Saraii ]\I. Williams, by Wm. M. C'lark.M. G. 
Wm. L. Howard and Susan Wright, liy James Holgate. J. P. 
Andrew J. Finley and Margaret J. Carter, by John Miller, J. P. 
David Simmerman and Sarah A. Dnrand, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
Henry Hitchcock and Adaline Newton, by Miles A. Fuller. J. P. 
James Wolf and Tiantha Livermore, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
James D. Hodgson and Roxanna Risdon, by Rev. Wm. Gaddis. 
Elijah Greenfield and Mary F. Winter, by Miles A. F'uller, J. P. 
Sylvester Greenfield and Mahala Winter, by Miles A. Fuller. 
Hugh Y. Godfrey and F'rances E. McCauce. by Rev. A. Gross. 
Wm. E. Jones and F^lizabeth W. Littell, by Joseph Catterlin, J.I'. 
Wm. Newton and M;dinda Shaw, by W. W. Winslow. J. P. 
Aaron N. Fitch and Martha Jlartz, by Rev. A. Gross. 
Newton Russell and Susan M. Blake, by Jose])h Catterlin, J. P. 
Leonard C. Di-awyer and Catherine M. Sinivers, by Miles A. 
Fuller, J. P. 


Jesse Williams and Mary Ann Green, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
Stephen D. Brees and Julia Drawyer, by Miles A. Fuller, J. P. 
Homer Laird and Olive Carothers. by John Miller. J. P. 
George J\[. Hazen and Margaret Pi-attz. by M. P. King. M. (i. 
William F. Berrian and Ann Barnhill, by Sam. G. Wright, M. (i. 
James Osterhout and Filieia Malvina Shaver, by Miles A. Ful- 
ler, J. P. 
Joseph W. Halsted and KeziaB. Gaddes, by Jolin Sinclair, M. G. 
Caleb Brooks and Mary Thompson, by Lnther Driscoll. M. G. 
Joseph C. Jackson and Snsan Dalrymple. by Miles A. Fuller. 
Thomas N. Fitch and Clarinda Taylor, by Dan. J. Hurd. J. P. 
Jonas Rimes and Mary Lacey, by Sam. G. Wright, M. G. 
Zelur Snell and Elizabeth Sturm, by W. W. Winslow. J. P. 
John J. Shockley and Melissa Round, by Jacob Young. J. P. 
Abram Phenix and F^sther C. Moore, by W. W. Winslow. J. P. 
Christopher Trickle and Agnes Dwire, by Jacob Young. J. P. 
Silas Round and Louisa D. Smith, by Jacob Young. J. P. 
Thomas J. Elliot and Mary C. Dudley, by A. (iross, M. G. 
Wm. M. Miner and Mary Miner, by A. Gross, il. G. 
A\^m. Morrison and Esther Colwell, by John Miller. J . P. 
Jefferson Winn and Larinda Wheeler, by John Miller. J. P. 
James H. Newton and Hester Ann McCance, by A. Gross, i\L (i. 
Jacob Emery and Lydia Driscoll, by S. G. Wright, M. G. 





















i i 




























i i 


i i 












1 3. 






i 15. 






i . 

i i 














SXAKRlA(iK KKCOKD 1 S;^ 1- 1 Sftfi. 7<) 

Oct. 12. Isaac Diiiiniick and Xaiicy Sturm. l)y W. W. Wiiislow, .1. P. 

•'• 12. Jarvis S. Herger and Marv II. Hiiiitli, by .John F. Tli()ni]ison. 

" 23. Samuel (.1. Avery and .Marietta Day. by Sam. (i. Wriglit, J. P. 

'•' 22. John Motes and Luoretia Drummond, by .lolm Miller. .1. P. 

'• 2(i. Stougliton Lamoree and Rosanna Sheets, by John ililler. .1. P. 

Nov. 4. John Ohaifee and Mary Ann Fast, bv John Miller, J. P. 

5. Patrick M. Bhnr and Harriet M. Hall, by Sam. (t. Wright, M. (i. 

•' 27. David Oziah and Lydia Ann Vpdike, by John Miller, J. P. 

Dec. 7. Wanton Briggs and Temperance Davidson, by C. Lazenljy. 

K). John Rouse ajid Lydia Wooden, by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 

•' 24. Addison G. Blanchard and Mary M. Bagley. by John P. Eckles. 

'• 28. Linens D. Richmond and Elizalietli A. Rouse, by Isaac Thomas. 

" 30. Daniel Keim and Sarah Ilartwell. by C. Lazenby, M. G. 


Jan. 8. James Biggs and Eliza Ann Tapp, by G. Lazenby, M. (i . 

•• 19. C'alvin Butler and Eliza Harter, by John Einley. J. P. 

" 21. Charles H. Winter and Sarali A. E. Dray, l)v C'. Lazenbv, M. G. 

" 22. Peter Fast and Elizabeth Atherton, by A. (iross. M. G." 

" 25. Noah Springer and F^lizabeth Ebv, by John Finlev. J. P. 

Feb. 12. John Ileadlv and Marv Albro, bv Joseph Catterlin, J. P. 

" 13. Nicholas O.Buswell aiid Ellen Fowler, bv W. W. Winslow, J. P. 

" 18. Sylvester M. Armstrong and Elizabeth Redtield. by H. R. Ilal- 
sey, J. P. 

Mar. 11. Robert Jordan and Sarah I)i.\on, by .lohii Miller. J. P. 

" 15. Nathan Graves and Emily Boardnuan, by John Finley, J. P. 

■' 18. Samuel C. Neal and Asenath L. Matthews, by Robert Cameron. 

" 18. Alphonzo (ioodingand Harriet Lacey. by Sam. G. Wright. M. (i. 

" 20. Johnston Breese and .Mary Besette. by Miles A. F'uller, J. P. 

■• 21. Jjconard Duffer and Sarah J. Emery, by Sam. G. Wright, M. G. 

•• 25. Wm. P. F^inley and ('ynthia J Witter, by Jacob Young, J. P. 

April 1. Wm. Benjamin and Mary A. Parcells. by James Ilolgate, J. P. 

" 4. Andrew Jackson and Sarah Newton, by Miles A. Fuller. J. P. 

" 7. Arch. Ayers and t'atherine O. Becker, by Christopher Lazenby. 

" 13. Hugh Greenongh and Saraii Flliza Midler. Ijy Sam. (i. Wright. 

" 15. Wm. S. Shockley and Hannah Losey. by Jacol) Young. J. ]'. 

'■' 21. John A. White and .Marcia F]. Baldwin", by Sam. (i. Wright. 
John Hiner and Fjjizabeth \\'illiams, canceled. 

May 2. DeWitt C. Mears and E. Anne Armstrong, by A. Gross. M. G. 

2. Benj. Baldwin and Elizabeth Williams, by M. P. King, M. G. 

" 12. James ^f . Flint and Margaret F. Hart, by Sam. G. Wright. 

•' 22. John Wrigley and Ann Buckley, by Isaac Tliomas, J. P. 

" 25. Havilah B. Johnson and Judith Tapji, by C'. Lazenby. M. G. 

" 15. Samuel M. Eldridge and Caroline F. Gardner, by A. Gross. M. G. 

July 4. Orrin ^L Gross and Lucia Perkins, by A. Gregg. M. G. 

June 2<i. Wm. S. .Johnson aiul Belinda Tapp, by C. Lazenby. M. G. 
July 18. Kdward Duraiul and Mai'tha Ilalsted. by J. Hodgson, M. G. 

•• 22. Thomas Cohvell. Jr., and Josey Fl (Graves, by .James Holgate. 

" 25. Anson II. Rutherford and Charitv Dixon, by John Finlev, J. P. 

Aug. 8. Chauncev D. Fuller and Electa Ann Westfall. bv Miles A. Ful- 
ler, J. P. 

•■' 16. Henry Culbertson and Margaret Dill, by C. Lazenin'. M. G. 

••' 22. David Springer ami Mary K. Ghandler, by C. C. Wilson. .L P. 

•' 10. James H. Tull and Rachel Carter, by John Finley. J. P. 

















Levi Holnitiii and Lucy Ilollister. by lliles A. Fuller. J. P. 

Abiiih Butler and Elizabeth Emery, by Jacob Young, J. P. 

David Straight and Sarah Elston. by Miles A. Fuller, J. P. 

John Lewis and Rebecca Ann Eagon, liy M. P. King, M. (J. 

Orville lilanchai'd and Julia Ann Stimpson. by A. Gross, M. G. 

Isaac Moore and Abigail ]\Ioore, by Samuel Ordvvay, M. G. 

Samuel T)ixon and Hannah Cox, by Jolm ililler. J. P. 

Geo. V. Rose and F]urance Parrisb. by A. (Jross. i\L G. 
2n. Charles Howater and Rachel Bennett, by G. Edwards. ^L (t. 
"JL Wm. Taylor and ]Milly Moi'rison. by Joseph C. Tozier. J. P. 

Levi A. Hodgson and Isadora Hodgson, by C. Lazenby, M. G. 

Horace F. Howard and Lovenia F. Fitch, by M. P. King. M. G. 

Joshua Round and Wilmyrtli Worley, by Joseph Catterlin, J. P. 
Luther P. ilcCoy and Rebecca J. Rogers, by Jacob Young. J. P. 

John A. Leeson and Martha Lnus. by John B. Fast. M. G. 

Jeremiah Patch and Julia FL Moi'gan. by James Holgate, J. P. 

Lyman Thurston and ihirtha Durand, by J. AL Hinman, M. G. 

Henry Jones and Ellen White, iiy Samuel (i. Wright, ^I. G. 

Cyrus Pratt and Phwbe Ann Atherton. by Jacob Young, J . P. 

Henry S. Godfrey and Susan Robertson, by A. Gros?, M. G. 

Philip F^arhart and Floretta Sheets, by John Miller, J. P. 

Lewis W. ^Villiams and Lucy A. Johnson, by Chris. Lazenby. 

.John Kelsey and Breta Johnson, by Chris. Lazenby, JL G. 

Stewart Jordan and Catherine Sturm, by AV. W. Winslow. J. P. 

John .M. Hatch and Roxanna Lyle, by H. P. Halsey, J. P. 

Ira Ward. jr. and Jane Stimson. by J. M. Hinman. M. (J. 

James Triplett and Barl)ery Ball, by Joseph Cattei'lin, J. P. 

James Culbertson and Family H. Ggle. by Samuel (i. Wright. M. (i. 

George W. Leeson and Mary M Leeson, by John B. Fast, M. G. 

Sylvester H. Jackson and ]>eularh A. Leeson. bv John B. F'ast. 

Clark S. Hitchcock and Thersey A. White, by Miles A. Fuller. 

W. H. Rutherford and Mary A. Springer, by Charles C. Wilson. 

Amos Lester and Olive Bennett, by Isaac Edwards, M. G. 

David Colwell and Lina Mott, by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 

Thomas W. Newland and Mary Buchanan, by A. Gross, M. (L 

Aaron Porter and Harriet A'. Matthews, by R. Cameron. M. G. 

Nicholas Sturm and Mauvinia Saxton, by Retes Sturm. M. (i . 

Henry Fl Colburn and Pha'l)e A. Lutz. by C. Lazenby, M. G. 

Elijah Flitch and F^sther Whipple, by A. G. Lucas, M. G. 

Levi Francis and Charity AVilkinson, by Isaac Thomas. J. P. 

Alonzo W Bunce and Fhnily Dawson, by Jose])h Catterlin. J. P. 

Benjamin Todd and Frances I). Jones, by A. (Jross. M. G. 

"l^honias J. Wright and Susan D. Max field, by C. Lazenby, M. (i. 

Wm. C. Lee and Harriet J. Leeson, by John B. Fast. ^f. (J. 

James Slater and Almira Drury, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

Alfred (Herhart and Wealthy Ann Dugan, by H. J. Rliodes. 

Israel Tliurston and Sylvia Paine, by Josejih Catterlin, J. P. 

J. C. Lambert and Mary R. Wright, by C. B. Donaldson. J. P. 

John J. Boyd and Effa Poysher. by C. Lazenby, M. G. 

Fernando Jones and Jane Graham, by C Lazenby, M. (r. 

Alexander Turnbull and Sophia Turnbull. by Josepli Catterlin. 

Jacob ('lemmer and Ann Stowell, by S. G. Wright, M. (i. 

Jan . 





1 W). 







i i 






i < 


( ( 


























April S. 







1 23. 


















1 ■ 

* i 







. 16. 

i i 






k t 













i i 

















































:i 3. 









f .' 












i i 






marria(;k KEcoRii 1831-180(1. 81 

Wasliiiigl(in Urady iiiid Julia ('. Doiiiiv. I)y Samuel (I. Wi'iglit. 
Mattliew II. Koiiiids and l^Iliza lleadly, l).v 11. .1. Rhodes, .1 . P. 
Harrison Newton and Olive .\I. (iierhart, by W. 'V. ililler, .1. I'. 
Augustus J. Hammond and C'ecilia 11 VVynkoop, by .lames M. 

Stickney, M. (t. 
David Fast and Lydia Mofiit, ijy Isaac Thomas, J. P. 
Liberty Stone and Thankful B. Leeson, by James Buswell. .1. I'. 
Moses Snodgrass and P^lizabeth A. McClenahan, by Henry Breese. 
John H. Taylor and Doliorah A. Barrett, by James B. t'lienowitli. 
Julius Ives and Sai-a,h L. t'arothers, by S. (I. Wright, M. G. 
.John Mortley and .Mary A. Knotts, l)y Alex. Moncrief, J. P. 
Gyrus Sweet and Armindia Ives, by A. Gross, M. (J. 
John E. Stanbury and Mary Johns Dotr, by "Wiishington Trickle. 
Thaddeus S. Thui'ston aiul Mary Jane Ellis, by Isaac Thomas. 
Galvin Hart and Mary A. Holgate. by S. (J. Wright, M. G. 
Frederick J. Brown and Rachel Pike, by A. G. Lucas, M. G. 
Benjamin Hawarten and Elizabeth Newman, by H. P. Halsey. 
.lolin Bates and Sarah Harvey, by Rev. S. G. Wright. 

Samuel Maddox and Margaret F. Jennings, by Alex. Moncrief. 
James Belangey and Elizabeth Riley, by Henry Breese, J. P. 
S. S. Kaysfier and Hannah Whitaker. by Rev. A. (iross. Baptist. 
Aaron Curfman and Rachel Wilkinson, by S. S. Walker. JI. (i. 
Edward Besett and Melvina L. Hochstrasser, by M. P. King. 
Ambrose Fuller and Alice J. Woodward, by Rev. S. G. Wright. 
Sereno E. Donaldson and Francis E. Gushing, bv Rev. S. (i. 

Albion P. Hurd and Glarrissa Porter, bv Sam. Ordwav, J. P. 
Stephen W. Lyle and Eliza W. Hatch, by Sam. R. Thrall, M. G. 
Leven E. Timmons and Eliza A. Lake, by Isaac Thomas, .T. P. 
Adam (Jardner and Sojihronia Weaver, by James Buswell, J. P. 
John Snare and Maria T. Holgate, by G. W. Walker. M (jf. 
Peter Kigles ami Helen Rutherford, by E. Scudderlligh, M. G. 
Joseph Glaze and Mary A. t'hamp. by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 
Nelson C. Shaver and Mary Undiaugh, by John Fiidey, J. P. 
Joseph Jacobs and Mary Jane Emery, by J. S. iMahan, M. (i. 
Charles Potter and Lucinday Emery, by S. G. Wright, M. (i. 
Wm. W. Warner and Caroline A. Greeley, bv Alba (Jross, M. G. 
AVm. Oliver, and Eliza Turnbull, by N. C. Weede, M. G. 
Daniel J. Hodgson and Jane A. ililler, l)y H. R. Halsey, .1. P. 
Alex. Buchanan and ilarv McGlennan, bv S. G. Wright, M. (4. 
Luther S. Milliken and F. A. Brodliead,"by Phil. Chase. M. G. 
John A. White and Mary J. Anderson, by S. G. Wright. M. G, 
John Q. A. Thomas and Kate M. Douglass, by Alex. Moncrief. 
Samuel Earhart and Catherine A. Porter, by A. G. Lucas, M.(i. 
James M. Stim2;ison and Sarah Parrish, by Alba Gross, M. (i. 
George Dawson and Bashebe Graves, by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 
Charles C. Allen and Jlrs. N. Elmira Culbertson, by Alba Ciross. 
Sylvester H. Stofer and P^liza J. Snell, liy .Jacob E. Jones, J. P. 
James Cakhal and Martha Fitch, by S. G. Wright, M. G. 
John D. Carter and .Julia Ann Dray, by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 
Wm. Bonar and Mary Ann Lewis, by John B., M. (i. 
(r. W. Jjongmire and Thankful Elston, bv Jacob E. Jones. J. P. 



















































































I % 













Fred Miiwbcy ;inil Iliiniuih E. Rjililwin, Ijy Alex. Moncrief, .1. P. 
Wilson Sniitli and Mary M. Dennis, by A. Gross, M. G. 
John Kerr and Mary H. Kerr, by Alex. Moncrief, J. P. 
Chas. Leverton and Mary Jane Graves, by C. C. Wilson, J. P. 
Alexander Taylor and Susan Hui-lburt, by Thomas M. Pattin. 
Adrian R. Atin and Sarah Jane Prattz, by M. P. King, M.'G. 
Wm. H. Hall and Harriet E. Hill, by David James, M. G. 
David M. Leeson and Sybil P. Leeson, by Alex. Moncrief, J. P. 
Thomas Dunn and Henrietta (ieer, by John B. East, M. G. 
Finley Murchison and Mary Turner, by N. C. Wecde, M. G. 
Wm.'P. Buswell and Eliza 'llolgate. by'S. G. Wright. .AI. G. 
Geo. W. Mahan and Harriet Newton. "by 'J\ S. Vail, M. (;. 
Anderson Yelm and Priscilla E. Aby, by M. P. King. M. G. 
Wm. Leeke and Hester H. Higgins, by John Moi-ey, M. (}. 
Benjamin Anderson and Mary Ellen Addis, by John Morey. 
Jason G. Duncan and Abigail Smith, no record of marriage. 
John A. Gilfillen and Lucinda Buswell, by S. G. Wright, M. G. 
Wm. Kaler and Mary Leonard, by Herrick K. Halsey, J. P. 
Lewis Olmsted and Martha Pratt, by John Morey, M. G . 
Wm. Harter and C'larissa Carter, by John Finley, J. P. 
Henry S. Ilincrand Mary C. Grolf, by John Turbett, M. G. 
JohnE. Smith and Sarah J. ITpdyke, by Alex. Moncrief, J. P. 
Thomas Riggin and Julia Ann Stargett, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
John ]i. Roosd and Sarah E. Avery, by John B. Fast. M. G. 
Rufus Stites and Rachel Hodgson, by II. R. Halsey, J. P. 
John Peterson and Julia Hayes, by Myron II. Negus, M. G. 
Wm. Snell and Emily Taylor, by Henry Brees, J. P. 
John Davis and Nancy J. Albert-son, by Isaac Tliomas, J. P. 
Wilson Price and Eliza Graff, by John "Morey, M. G. 
Norman Pomeroy and Lydia Anthony, by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 
John P. Freeman and Rachel Freeland, by John B. Fast, M. G. 
Nathan Field, and Al)igail E. Pratt, by James llolgate, J. P. 
Royal A. Tanner and Emilv Eadv. by Alex. Moncrief. J. P. 
Philip Gless and Charlotte 'S. White.'by Alex. Moncrief. J. P. 
James Howard and Martha Snuggs, by S. G. Wright. M. G. 
Hiram P. (ieer an.d Mary Jane Stewart, by A. G. Lucas, M.G. 
Levi Craine and Nancy Stephens, bv S. G. Wriglit, M. G. 
Samuel M. Jones and Martha Redfield. by S. G. Wright, M. (i. 

Ben. F. Smith to Mary R. White, by Andrew Gregg, M. G. 
Henry C. Blanchard and Mary E. Albertson, by Isaac Thomas. 
Austi'n Smith and Sarah K. McNaught, by Alba Gross, M. G. 
.Iiishua Giliillen and Lucy A. Sawyer, by Samuel II. Thrall, M. G. 
Stephen W. Eastman and Martha Merchant, bv Alba Gross, JI. G. 
Edward Colgan and Drusilla Marlatt, by H'. R. Halsey, J. P. 
Milton P. King and Mary A. Lucas, by A. G. Lucas, M. G. 
Alex. Sunburg and Mrs. P. Nelson, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
Andrew Tull and Sarah Carter, by John Morey, M. G. 
David Olmsted and Rachel A. Fraker, by John Morey, M. G. 
John Hook and Nancy Jane Svvarts, by Alex. Moncrief. J. P. 
Amos Dennis and Margaret Van Sickle, by John Morev, J. P. 
John Wiley and Eunice M. Trickle, by R. C. Dunn, M". G . 
Jacob Wiley and Julia Ann JInrphy, by Jacob Young. .1. P. 

MARRIAGE KECORU 1831-18t)(;. 83 

Eeiiben Swank and Jfartha 1 [eaten. In' John Morey, M. (J. 

Croft Pilgrim and Snsanna S\vanl<, by John Morey, M. (i. 

Samuel P. Shannon and S-irah E. llazen, Ijy Jolm Morey, M. G. 

Thomas i[eXaua-ht and liaehel E. Kio-gins, bv Jacob Young, J. P. 

Joseph I). Taylor and Elizaljeth Ward, by W. M. Fuller': J. P. 

Elijah Eagan and Luna Stevenson, by John Sargent, JI. G. 

Duncan Mathesonaud Catherine liuchanan, by Chas. Donoldson. 

Matthias A. Sturm and Matilda Sturm, by Jacob E. Jones, J. P. 

Robert Colwell and Abigail Vinson, by John J'inley. J. P. 

Matthias Sturm and Eliza Stratten, by Jacob E. Jones, J. P. 

Isaac E . Dennis and Margaret L. Wiley, by John Morey, JI . G . 

Herman Geisenheiner and Margaret Pall, by Alex. Moncrief. 

Wm. Ives and .Tulia A. Brown, by Myron II. Negus. J. P. 

Elijah McCleiiehaii and Elizabeth Wilson, by James M. Rogers. 

Marshall (iustin and Marv Ann Ansman, bv R. C. Dunn, M.G. 

McCaiullcss Mottitt and Annie Moffet, by W. V. Vail, M. G. 

John Marshall and Eliza Patcli. by Christian Hrinkerhotf, M.(i. 

John Eavans and Ann Briton, by John iloncrief, il. G. 

John Woodward and Rebecca E. Shimey, by R. C. Dunn. M.G. 

Merritt Jamison and Sally Jay, by Isaac Thomas. J. P. 

John Elliss and Leanna Francis, by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 

John Davison and .Afary Ellen Shull. by John Morey, M. G. 

Albert Ellsworth and Cornelia Elliott, by John Morey, M G. 

Cornelius Denham and Mary P. Buswell, by S. G.Wright. M. G. 

James Spillman and Sarah E. Athala, by A. G. Lucas. M. G. 

Henry Stofer and Nancy Jane Bi'iton. by Alex. Moncrief. J. P. 

Horace A. Johnson and Amelia A. Creighton. by (J. Brinkerhoff. 

Henry Colwell and Sarah Ann Vinson, by John Finley. J. P. 

Wm. Dunn and Susan Dorrance, l)y Jacob E. Jones. J. P. 

Geo.C. Boardman and Martha J. York, by H. R. Halsey, J. P. 

Jefferson Win and Olive Jane Beers, by C. Brinkerhoff. M. G. 

Israel Thurston and Rhoda Deats. by C'. Briukerhoff. M.G. 

Sylvester F. Otnnui and Emma Deuchfield, by R. C. Dunn. M. G. 

Newton Shepler and Mandy Glen, by Sands Perkins. J. P. 

Samuel Ponwell aiul Olive Leigh ton, by Alex. jMoncrief, J. P. 

Gideon G. Goodale and Mary Ann Sweet, by C. Briukerhoff. 

John Mills and (ieorgianna Slygle. by Washington Trickle, J. P. 

Wm. H. Worley and Sarah F. Armstrong, by Wm. R. Stowe. 

Harris Miner and Mary Burd, by W. Haney,"^ M. G. 

Adam Dick and Mary Pumersey, by W. Haney, M. G. 

John CoUison and Christianna Reeder. by Samuel G. Wright, 
'•' -17. Jonatlian Nicolas and Emily Humphrey, bv A. G. Luoas. M. G. 
" ;J(). Wm. Winn and Nancy Sheffer, by Wm. ll'aney. M. G. 

Jan. 1. Moigan Risedorph and Fran(ns Avery, by John B. Fast, M. (i. 
•' '-'A. \V. II. Davidson and R. J. Ilazen, byWm. Haney, il. G. 
•• 31. John West and Caroline Lacy, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
" 31. Abner Alday and Edith Dixon, bv Isaac Thomas, J. P. 
Feb. '). Wm. P. Fenn and Lucy J. Wooden, by R. C. Dunn. iL G. 
T. Vincent Tapp and Catherine Stargell. by W. Trickle, J. P. 
14. Elias Wilcox and Clarissa Sillanum. l)y IL T. Ives, J. P. 
•• 15. John Miller and Sai-ah Shuts, by David McCanee, J. P. 

10. Benj. Newton and Sai'ah Roberts, by Wm. (r. Gordon, M. G. 


















[ 1. 















































• • 

1 . 




• i 





•Jesse Vinson and Diana Hickman, by S. W. Bates. M. G. 
John E. Jones and Louisa Jane Stacy, by J. E. Jones. J. P. 
(leoi'ge Ludlum and Sarah 11. Stni-ni. by I'eter Sturm, M. G. 
Edward P. W'riglit and Alma J. Wriglit, by S. G. Wright, M. (i. 
Berien Snyder and Chirissa Buck, by Sanuiel G. Wright, M. G. 
James J. Dickey and Caroline Jones, by W. Trickle, J. P. 
Xewton Carter and Amy McDanel, by Wm. Ilaney, M. G. 
James Caneday and Margaret Sturdham, by U. McCance, J. P. 
Pichard Hare and Elizabeth Fintz, by ]). McCance, J. P. 
Wm. Sargent and Margaret Xelson. by M. P. King. M. G. 
Thomas Kyan and Mary Pixlar. by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 
Henry Presler and Sarah Ann (iillett, by A. G. Lucas, M. G. 
.Marcus D. Smith and Emiline Jordan, by James Buswell, J. P. 
Josiali Jaques and Isabell Pratz, by A. G. fjucas. if. G. 
William P. 15acon and T. S. Briggs. by K. C. Dunn, M. G. 
Jolm Riley and Joannah (iriffin. liy Thomas Lynch. iL G. 
James Hartley and Ann Mellor, by William Beardsley, M. G. 
'J'homas Zimm and Nancy M. Wheeler, by S. G. Wright, M. (i. 
(iideon A. Barlow and Martha B. Peterson, by T. S. Bennett,M.G. 
Ezekiel Enniss and Polina Davis, by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 
Fred. Kalzenberger and Frances V. Whiffen. bv P. Case, M. G. 
John Wilder and Louisa Wood, by M. P. King^ M. G. 
George W. Edwards and Mary M. Spellinan, by D. McCance, J. P. 
C'alviii B. Proud and Xaney J. Graves, by D. McCance, J. P. 
Levi Hop])Ock and Sarali M. Davison, by S. G. Wright, M. G. 
Bennett C. Lee and Missouri Gunsaul, by C. Brinkerhoff, M. (J. 
John W. Jones and Susanna Ferbraehe. by Jason Wells, M. (J. 
(iideon D. Hitchcock and Sarah J. Shaver !^ by J. A. Pratt. J. P. 
Cyrus Jacobs and Elizabeth Jones, by W. II. Whitten. J. P. 
Jacob Dawson and Isabell Eby, by D. D. Firbrache, J. P. 
]}rookens M. Strong and Lydia A. Sturdevant. by (;. A. Hewitt. 
Abner Adkins and Mary Jane Bogard, by J. M. Rogers, J. P. 
Thomas Eagleston and Ann V. Ettis. by J. M. Rogers, J. P. 
(Jeo. S. Maynard and Esther A. Durgin. by Milton McDonald. 
Wm. H. Johnson and Lydia Sturm, by W. H, Whitten, J. P. 
Ilai'rison Cox and Mai'garet Stricklen. by S. G. Wright, M. (i. 
George W. Keed and Phoebe I). Webster, by Peter Sturm, M. (J. 
Joseph Buchanan and Sophia J. Truitt, by Rd. Dunning, if. (!. 

Dan. Ahvard. Jr.. and Amanda Hennick, 

.losliua J. Round and Columbia A. Riggin, bv R. C. Dunn, M. (i. 
John Adams and Sarah J. Ines. by W. II. Whitten, J. P. 
Jonas Johnson and Christine Anderson, by C. Brunkerhott'. 
'i'iiomas Oliver and Jane Turnbull, by X. (). Weede, iL <L 
S. R. Hazen and Mary J. Ban. by R.'C. Dunn. M. G. 
Solomon Dixon and Mary J. Pratt, by James M. Rogers. J. P. 
Ellis AVilson and Mary Jane Fredericks, by Jason Wells, M. (J. 
Wm. Matthews and Lydia Brown, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
Henderson Edwards and Matilda Mounts, by Isaac Thomas, J. P. 
Jas. Cnmmings and Catherine M. Sharer, by Milton McDonald. 
Wm. Tliomas'and Martha Ann Shaver, by Milton ^McDonald, 
('has Telitson and E. L. Burd. by Wm. Haney, >L (f. 
('has. E. Stone and Fanny L. Iluckings. by R. C. Dunn, M. (i. 
licnj. A. Newton and Susanna i)unii. by J. E. Jones. J. P. 







t i 



















1 1(1. 





• •' 





























































MAKKIAciE KECUKU lS31-18t)t3. 85 

'Sow 6. Wm. Sill and Matilda Jane Jenkins, by P. S. Shaver, J. P. 

('. ('has. Case and Lueinda Hill, by R. C. Dnnn, M. G. 

" 9. Samuel Sturm and Aby Elstone, by Petei' Sturm, ^f. (i. 

'• 17. Jeremiah Wilcox and liuthany floats, by V. Brinkerhotl'. M. (I. 

" 20. Zara K. 15ennett and Lvdia Si?elev, bv Jo, E. Jones, J. P. 

•• 22. John Ifeed and Emiliiie ileadley', by'H. K. Ihdsey, J. P. 

•• 2.'). Thomas Cross and Sarah Harvey, by -M. P. King, M. (i. 

Uec. 11. Patrick (ravin and Margaret J. Farding, by Alex. ]Iochstrasser. 

•' 16. Anna C. More and Lydia A. Batehelor, by D. McCance, J. P. 

21. Lewis J. Jordan and Catherine Sturm, by J . E. Jones, J. P. 
•■ 21. Francis T. Brockway and Catherine J. Trickle, by W. S. Bates. 
•• 25. Wm. A. Knight and Mrs. Lovina Swift, by K. C. Dunn, M.G. 
" 35. Andrew J. Barns and Sarah Barren, by I). McCance. J. P. 

■' 28. Nelson C. Shaver and Content Chapman, by A. Taylor, .1. P. 


Jan. 1. Lochlin liuchanan aiul Christina McClennan, by 1!. C. Dnnn, 

1. Leonard S Severance and Eunice <). Ceer, bv Milton McDon- 
ald. M. G. 

" — . Henry Wald and Jane Frazer, . 

'' 0. James Prather and Ann Johnson, by J. Ferguson, M. G. 

" 7. James Koberts and Laura Fredericks, bv Jason Wells, M. (i . 

8. Lafayette Dunbar and Almira Wells, by D. McCance. J. P. 

" 11. Aaron A. (iarnor and Harriet Williams, by D. McCance. J. P. 

•• 20. Peter Suavelv and Catherine Conner. bvD. McCance. J. P. 

" 22, Samuel McAnghean and .Alary Fell, bv j). McCance. J. P. 

■' 29. Wm . Pound and Mary Jane Reed. Ijy Abner Mason, M. (i . 

" 31. Wm. W. Atkins and'Sylvina C. Hurlbert. by Peter S. Shaver. 

" 29. John K. Mealman and Jane Hoar, bv D. McCance, J. P. 

Feb. 19, John Pai'ick and Esther Alward, by W. Haney, M. G. 

" 12. Roger Greenongh and Mary Sabins, by Isaac TMiomas, J. P. 

'• 12. Zenas Justice and Catherine Morgan, by David McCance, J. P. 
Daniel Kelley and Ann Flinn, married at Catholic Alission. 
Joseph Dyress and Ilanna Crosby. 

25. F. A. Jones and Marie Lacv. bv \\ in. ILmev. 3L (J. 

•• 26. Wm. Reed :liu1 .Mar\ (Jingrich.'bv W. S. Bates. M. G. 

" 20. Alljert Rouse and Harriet' Kay. by .1. M. Rogers, J. P. 

March 8. John Demuth and Sarah Whipley. by J. Packer, M. (i. 

7. Edward Bliss ami Margaret R. Clarson, by 1). McCance, J. P. 

•• 12. Benj. Brown and Maria Kane, bv H. T. Ives, J. P. 

■■ 12. W in. Laton and .Matilda }.[. Danioii. by W. S. Bates. M. G. 

■• 1'.). Fli (_'. .(ones and Susan .1, Mooiv, by C. A. Hewett, M. G. 

19. Andrew Stevenson and Martha Ann Johnson, bv Mellon P. Kins. 

•• 211. .lac'ob Overlauder and Abigail by \V. 'i'ric'klc. J. P. 
■ bilin C Kckley and Marv .1. Wardin. 

April '.). .Iimas Eltzi-ath and Maria Pidgcwav. li\ K. ('. Diiiin.M.(;. 

'• 13. Henry C. Shull and Lucy Ann Graves." l>y W. S. Batewell. M.(i. 

•• 19. Henry Greenawalt and Maria ('olwell, h\ D. .McCance. J. P. 

May 3. (ieorge Barberand Sarah J. Kirkpatrick. by W. H. Whitteii. .1. P. 

6. llciiry Ingram and Jane Wrigley, by J. .M. Rogei's. J. P. 

■.'(;. S. S. Ste])hcns and .Maiy .1. Sturtevant. by .Alven Abbott. M. (i. 

22. Samlford .M. WliitliniitMn and Fliza .L .Vrinstninu-. bv D. .Mc- 

Cance. J. P. 

27. David Courier and Caroline K. C, I'atridge. by K. ('. Dnnn. M.(i. 


June 2. J5eiij;iiiiiu Turner uml Kutli A. Mvers, by E. 0. Dunn, M. G. 

12. Morris Fowler and Elizabeth Ilaniilton.'bv R. C. Dnnn. M. G. 
■' 23. Franklin Rhodes and Catherine M. Wood, bv S. G. Wright, M.G. 
July 3. Elias Eby and Elizabeth Cox, by W. S. Bates. M. G. 
" 9. George (3ziah and Rachel A. Barnbill, by W. Ilaney, M. G. 

8. Stej^hen A. Munson and Sarali Ann Hotchkiss, by James Fer- 
guson, M. G. 
12. Russell C. Briggs and Percy Weaver, by W. AV. Jones, M. G. 
12. Martin Koran and Mary S. Langford. byE. Ransom, Jr., M. 6. 
Aug. 15. Michael Flynn and Johanna Hogan, by Rev. Peter Corcoran. 

"" 20. Leonard Wolf and Catherine Lane, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
Aug. 20. Joim White and Lena Banewey, by W. F. Vaill. M. G. 
" 23. John Young and Julia Ann Vines, by A. Taylor, J. P. 
'• 23. Jacob Morrison and Pliebe A. Johnson, by John Finley, J. P. 
Hep. 1. John O'Grady and Ellen Farrell, by Rev. John O'Gara. 
" 3. Wilson Price and Caroline E. Sipes, by Rev. Wm. Haney. 

Michael McCarty and Fanny Martin, married at Catholic Mis. 
George W. Dunbar and Eunice Broughton, by D. McCance. J. P. 
Thomas Wilson and Sarah Shade, by Jas. M. Rodgers. J. P. 
Farquhar Bain and Jenet McDonald, by R. C. Dunn. M. G. 
Gus. L. (Joodale and Clarissa Jackson, by Jacob W. Rodgers, J. P. 
'J'heo. Truman and Mary Matthews, by James Ferguson. M. G. 
Henry IL Oliver and Mary Murchison, by David A. Wallace. M. G. 
Darius S. Wiley and JIary Ann Aten. by E. Ransom, M. ({. 
Robt. J. Dickinson and Lauraitte M. Chapman, by R. C. Dunn. 
David 0. Toothaker and Catherine E. White, by Jacob Young. 
Francis Kline and ^Margaret O'Neal, by Rev. Thomas O'Gara. 
James Grecnough and Sarah Bash, by Sylvester F. Ottman. J. P. 
Wm. S. Iliner and Betsy T'wiss. by Rev. James Ferguson. 
John C. Gore and Mary Ann Gage, by Rev. Amos Morey. 
AVm. .\. Boyer and Elizabeth J. Cooper, by Rev. A. J. Jones. 
Freeman Besett and Mahala Dorrance, by C. W. AVood, J. P. 
AVni. Drummond and Ellen Timmons, by D. D. Ferbrache, J. P. 
llcrnian Page and Rachel Hodgson, by E. Ransom, M. G. 
John Hazen' and Eliza Anthony, by James Ferguson, M. G. 
Seth Davison and Marv E. Donovan, by E. Ransom, M. G. 
Henrv S. Stone and Martha L. Stacy, by R. C. Dunn. M. G. 
Jei)hth;ih K. Tucker and Rachel R. Todd, by Amos Morey, M. G. 
Leonard C. Drawver and Elma .L Rickev. bv C. D. Fuller, J. P. 
Alex. V. Fuller and Amv Breese, bv C. D. Fuller, J. P. 
Joiin W. Tuttle and .Maria J. Kleiiiing. by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
C. X. Jiangs and Nancy Fowler, by A. Abbott, M. G. 
II. Lewis Williams and Mary Alexander, by C. D. Fuller. J. P. 
H. Nelson Jones and Sarah Munson, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
Nov. 23. Frank AValk and Hannah Nortman", by Rev. Father Griffith. 
" 19. Georsfe F. Dexter and Laura Miner, by Rev. Amos Morey. 
I'J. Thomas A. Foster and Maria J. Winslow. by Rev. A. Abbott. 
26. Charles AVilson aiul Julia Mix. by Rev. A. H. Lewis. 
" 20. Wan-en Chaffee and J. Proud, by John Finley. J. P. 

— 1'. AVarrington and Charlotte Alasters. License issued Nov. 20. 
Dec. ]. John S. Moffit and Melvina I. Bunnell, by A. J. Jones, M. G. 
" 20. .James J'^agleston and Almcda W'liitinan, by I^)b. M. Bocock. J. P. 
" 24. Lafayette Gray and I^ydia E. Morey, by E. Summers, M. G. 

i i 




i 4 


( * 
























i i 














jMAkkiage keookd 1831-1806. 87 

Dec. 20. .Toliii Cole and ^fary A. Rowell, hy Jiinies !M. liogers, J. P. 
" 19. Jackson C'lmrcli and .Jnlia Ilotclikiss, by Jolm Finley, J. P. 
" 22. Dewitt Stevens and Marv Welsie, bv David McCance, J. P. 
" 31. II. P. Grant and L. W. Norton, by" E. C. Dunn. M. G. 
" 31. Tlionias D. Church and Sarah Wliite, by Amos D. Morey, M. G. 

31. Zura Hall and Harriet E. Bower, by R.'C. Dunn, M. G. 
" 24. Xathan C. Bolin and Lucinaa A. Harlow, by John Finley, J. P. 

Jan. 1. (Jhamplin Lester and Ann McReath, by J. N. (iraluuii. M. G. 
" 2. .lames Kennedy and Hannah Shoekley, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
7. Thonuis Aid ay and Martha Di.xoii, by .lames M. Rogers, J. P. 
Isaac N. Tidd and Elizabeth Green, by A. J. Jones, M. G. 
P. Resedorph and Mahala Boardman, by AV. H. Whitten, J. P. 
Clhas. H. Fuller and Tlieda Gillette, by J. W. Rogers, J. P. 
R. E. Wcstfall and Sarah Ann Woods, by E. Ransom, M. G. 
W. S. Ilixon and Melissa Lutes, by Myron H. Negus, M. G. 
iMichael Vanakv and Melinda Rilev, by- C. D. Futler, J. P. 
Franklin J. Bush and Abba Gillett, 

Henry Scott and Catherine Turnbull, by John N. Graham. 
David Lyon and Marv .Jordan, bv W. B. Harris, M. G. 
Benj. F. Gharrett and Eliza Griffin, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
John H. Turnbull and Mary Armstrong, l)y .1. M. Graham. 
Andrew M. P]wiug and Phebe Briggs, by \V. H. .Tones, M. G, 
Alilton Morrow and Lvdia Briggs, by AV. II. .Tones, M. (x. 
Asher W. Avery and Martha Rickey, by C. D. Fuller, J. P. 
.Tohn Mnrchison and Jemima Chisholm, J. 31. Graham, M. (J. 
John T. Thornton and Helen Lyle, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
David Colwell and Eliza Updyke, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
Oliver Smith and Eliza WarreJi, by 'C. M. Wright!" M. G. 
David J. Curtis and Harriet E. Dewey, by Phila. Chase, M. G. 
Luther J. Mcllvain and F]liza Ridgeway, by A. J. Jones, M. G. 
Adoljihus Ril)ley and Ellen Eagleston, by J. M. Rogers, J. P, 
Asa A. Bunton'aud Mary Lyle, by R. C." Dunn, J. P. 
C. D. Hichell and Margaret Sturm, by Bernard AVagner, M. (i. 
David R. Gilvin and Eunice M. Trickle, bv R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
Alfred M. Snyder Mand aiy E. Hayes, by C. Brinkerhoff, M. G. 

Anthony Dennis and Betsy Piester. 

\V. H. Adams and Sarah .1. Anthonv. bv Jas. Ferguson. M. G. 
Ilarvy B. Harris and Alary J. Wall, by A. J. Jones, lAI. G. 
Bethuel Parrish and Eliza Strayer. by James Ferguson, M. G. 
.loseph H. Cox and Nancy Wilkinson, by David AI. Cauce, J. P. 
Ira F. Dewey and Isabella Kiuijip, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
David Tinlin and Sarah E. Armstrong, by E. Ransom, AI. G. 
23. David Crumb and Alary Headley, by D. McCance, J. P. 
" 2.1. .Joseph Robb and Agnes AFurnan, by A. .T. .Tones, M. G. 
" 2.1. H. N. AlcConaughy and Ann N. White, by Jacob AV. Rogers. 
:>(). .Toel Hester and I^ydia Ann Hodgson, by Amos Morey, M. (i. 
A]n-il 4. W'm. Dixon and Hannah AVright, by S. F. Ottman, J. P. 
" <J. Allen T. Parrett and Alaria Nichols, by A. J. Jones, M. G. 
•' !». Oeorge A^an Pelt and Anumda M. Brown, by E. Summers, 
'■ 14. Kdward J. AVyman and Susan E. Bradford, by .T. H. Anthony. 
4. .Anson H. Curtis and Elizabeth Imes, by Jas. AI . Rogers, J. P. 
May 11. Robert Crowl aiul Mrs. F]liza- 'i'odd, by Amos Morey, M. G. 





< t 













i > 


i i 





1 . 

















• •' 













i i 





James Buckley and Susanna IVlills, by A.J. Jones, JI. G. 
Wm. II. Ely and xVlmira Summerman, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
Robt. H. Worley and Margaret Anthony, by Jas. Ferguson. M. U. 
Geo. Shotzen and Eutli A. Drnmmond, by James M. Eogers. 
Jiio. Snetlien and Christina C. Benedict, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 
Spencer Cox and Rebecca Lamb, by Jacob Young, J. P. 
David P. Winter and Xancy Haxon, by Jacolj W. Rogers, J. P. 
W. li. Turnbull and Margaret Turnbull, by J. M. Grah^am, M. G. 
George Jackson and Margaret Colthar, by J. M. Rogers, J. P. 
Jos. E. Loring and Mildred L. Johnson, by Wm. McDermand. 
Roswell Jordan and Rebecca Cade, by Peter Sturm, J. P. 
George Phenix and Susan Jane Drawyer, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
Josiah Cogall and Tacy Graves, by John Finley, J. P. 
Thomas Y. Olmsted and Sarah A. Sherwood, by Geo. F. Hill. 
Augustus Kelsey and Anne J. Hodgson, by D. McCance, J. P. 
Noah Springer and Eve Gingrich, by B. Wagner, M. G. 
Henry B. Dorrance and Mary E. Powell, by Chancy D. Fuller. 
Dennis Lee and Elizabeth F. Garrison, by D. McCance, J. P. 
Humphrey Avery and Emma J. Davison, by C. D. Fuller, J. P. 
Elias L. Emery and Mary E. Lowman, by J. Ferguson, M. G. 
John G. Turnbull and Helen Scott, by D'. McC^an'ce, J. P. 
Chas. N. Crook and Helen R. Goodrich, by R. McBocock, J. P. 
Nelson Allen and Margaret Lindsey, by John Fiuley, J. P. 
John Morris and Catherine Schanck, by S. F. Otman, J. P. 
Benj. Cleveland and ^Melissa Thirston, by ^I. P. King, M. G. 
Peter Peterson and Christina Nelson, by Jacob W. Rogers, J. P. 
Walter B. Bettis and Mary F. Jay, by John Snethen, J. P. 
Edward Cleveland and Caroline Bangs, by David McCance, J. P. 
John AV. Riggs and Jane Stowe, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
Isaac Nicholas and Martha Humplireys, by James M. Rogers. 
John A. Leeson and Marijaret A. Coon, by Joseph P. Gilbert. 
Richard Hight and Ann Bunnell, by C. D. Fuller. J. P. 
Jolm Brooks and Judith A. Halt, by D. McCance. J. P. 
Peter C. Johnson and Martha Vixel. by Amos Morey, M. G. 

Charles B. Foster and Charles by Alvin Abbott, M. G. 

John Jackson and Polina A. Mahoiiy, by J]. Ransom, M. G. 
James H. Hickok and Harriet L. Pomeroy, by Isaac L. Hart. 
Darius Dermand and Sarah A. Iliner, by James Ferguson, M. G. 
Charles Rhodes aiul Caroline Cram, by R. C'. Dunn, M. (i. 
Joseph Ridle and Maiy Bennett, by T. S. Bennett, M. G. 
Mason Stofer and Candaee Stine, by R. C. Dunn. M. G. 
David Gumming and Mary A. Anthony, by Amos Morey, M. G. 
William Calhoun and Mary J. Stanley, by Amos Morey, M. G. 
.Vndrew Anderson and C'hristiana Pierson. by Amos Morey. M. G. 
F]lias MuUer and Lucy Redding. l)y A. G. Gridley, J. P. 
James D. Ballentine and Rhoda Walter, by Jacob W. Rogers. 
James B. Hu.ssell and Mary J. Bevier. by Alvin Abbott, M. G. 
Isaac Grant and Harriet Snyder, by M. II. Negus, M. G. 
Wm. H. Harris and Anna Harmon, by W. H.'^Whitten, J. P. 
Esthner Rounds and Eliza Smeggs. by Jacob W. ]{ogers, J. P. 
Andrew J. lirodi and Sarah R. Stedham, by J. T. Lintliicum. 
Eli Ferris and Nancy .1. Fitch, bv Peter Sturm. iNI. G. 
Richard Hill and Lucy A. Stiles,"by George F. Hill, .M. (!. 





























i i 


































i i 


. ££ 






i i 












f .- 
















MAKRIAGE EECORD 1831-1866. 89 

Dec. IC). John Rickey and Kebecea A. Speers. by S. P. Kezerta, M. G. 

'• 23. James A. Goodrich and Leali Rechling.'by W. H. Whitten, J. P. 

•■' 8. Simon Dixon and Sarali Bateman, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 

" ii. Aaron Smith and Lydia J)alrymple. by P. S. Shaver, J. P. 

■■ 15. Jolm ilartin and Jane B. Fowler, by K. C. Dunn, if. G. 

•• 18. Win. AVriglit and Ellen Jarvis, by S'. F. Otman, J. P. 

"■ 2:}. Cliarles II. Lake and Marv A. Boice, by Jacob W. Rogers, J. P. 

••■ 23. George W. Scott and Marv V. Cox, bv'W. J. Smith, M. G. 

'■ 23. Alex. Iloadley and Hannah Rhodes, by Thos. S. Bennett, M. G. 

" 30. Jesse S. Atherton and Lois Grant, by M. IF. Negus, M. G. 


Jan. 4. John C. Laurence and Martha Crawford, by A. H. Ilepperly. 

0. Valentine B. Thornton and Lodema E. Rhodes, by R. C. Dunn. 

10. John O'Neil and Catherine McKiggins, by Father O'Gara, M. G. 
20. Andrew Stone and Eliza C. Clark, by Alvin Abbott, M. G. 

" 30. John Buchanan and Emetine Beers, by M. 11. Negus, il. G. 

Feb. G. Timothy E. Bailey and Soiihia E. Smith, by Sylvester F. Otman. 

13. John Weir and Je'nnette E. Fell, by J. A. McCulleh, J. P. 

1*1. Cornelius Stevenson and Tyrilla Bedford, by D. McCance, J. P. 

22. John Pilgrim and Isabella Coleman, by A. H. Ilepperly, M. G. 

24. Solomau J)ixon and Mary F. Bateman, by W. J, Smith, M. G. 

.Mar. 2. Eidiraim X. Pardee and Sarah Stone, by A. Wedge, ^l. (A. 

3. Walter T. Hall and Emily Shinn, by A. II. Ileperly, M. G. 

13. John \'ernon and Aurora Madearis, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

•• 23. N. Wright Dewey and Harriet P. De\vey, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

April 14. Nelson G. Gill and Missouri E. Whitford, liy Elisha Gill, M. G. 

'• 16. John Corkhill and Annie Quayle, by Jacob W. Rogers, J. P. 

" 20. Leander H. Hewitt and Hannah W. Morey, by George F. Hill. 

" 20. Samuel Bolt and Mary Snell, by C. D. Fuller, J. P. 

" 24. William Loiicnum and Lydia A. Freeland, by Jas. Buswell, J. P. 

May 1. .John H. Oliver and Lizzie C'. Poole, by A. H. Hepperly, M. G. 

" 28. Orson B. Stowell and Harriet R. Church, by A. H. Hepperly. 

June G. Theo. T. McDaniel and Sarah CUirfman. by James M. Rogers. 

9. ('uthbert Blakely and ilelinda Price, by James M. Rogers, J. P. 

'• 21. John Maxtield and Sarah Shoeklev, by C. Brinkerhoff, M.G. 

•• 30. Chester W. Woodman and Ann Porter, by W. II. Whitten, J. P. 

July 3. Benjamin S. Hall and Juliet Truitt. by W. H. Whitten, :\I. P. 

" 3. John Seeley and Sarali Willison, by W. J. Smith. M. G. 

11. Joseph Slott and Mary Blewer, by Elijah S. Brodhead, P. M. 
Aug. 5. ilichael Gallagher and Catherine Clilford. by Rev. W. H. Power. 

15. William Taylor and Catherine McCarty, by Francis Loomis, J. P. 

" 18. John Green and Maria E. Gentry, by Jacob Young, J. P. 

'• 23. Orvill Baker and Martha Given, by Jacob W. Rogers, J. P. 

'■ 31. .Jasper M. Morris and Catherine E. Bolt, by J. W. Smith, M. G. 

David J. Welch and Elizabeth Jones, 

Sept. 1. Thomas J Wright and Ann Monerieff, by Rev. R. C. Dunn. 

" 1. Simon Peter Smith and Elmira Stevens, by David McCance. J. P. 

" 4. Simpson Syfert and Sarah A. Newton, bv James B. Chenoweth. 

Sept. 11. David Jones and Harriet Leseur, by W. S. Bates, M. G. 

'• 15. Albert M. Oliver and :\Iary D. Griffin, by John L. Scott, M. G. 

"' 11. David S. Miller and Margaret A. Cross, by Wm. Leggett, M.G. 

'•■ 35. Samuel Smith and N'ancy Ellison, by W. S. Bates. M. G. 

'• 39. Wm. Headley and Emily R. Rhodes", by R. C. Dunn, M. 0. 


Oct. 9. Harvey 0. Sliiyter and Melvina JIcDauiel, by Jacob W. Rogers. 
" 11. Mathusaleh BeVier and Eliza F. Foster, by A. Abbott, M. G. 
" 8. Thomas Proctor and Melita Armstrong, by Elijah S. Brodhead. 
" 9. Harlan Craig and Minerva Jane Nelson, by John Snethen, J. P. 
" 19. John Jackson and Ellen Flanagan, by E. S. Brodhead, Pol. .his. 
"• 23. Alfred Edwards and Harriet A. t'lark, by A. Abbott. Jf. G. 
" 26. David ]5arrett and JMary McSherry, by James M. Rogers, J. P. 
'•' 29. Henry Olmsted and Celestia Aten, by Jacob Matthews, M. G. 
Nov. 1. James Goleman and Charlotte Kane, by Jacob Matthews, M. G. 
" 6. Jacob Vandike and Mary E. Blood. by'C. H. Case, M. G. 
'•■ 3. Amos Hodge and Hattie E. Hood, by.Samnel Ordway, M. G. 
'■' 0. Felix Inman and Sarah A. Cole, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
" 5. Charles 0. "Wilson and Laura A. Earle, bv E. iS. Brodhead, Mag. 
" 18. Benj. G. Homer and Catherine Winters, 'by 0. D. Fuller, J. P. 
" 10. Clark Wooden and Mary Jackson, bv James M. Rogers, J. P. 
" 15. Silas R. Swarts and Nancy Ely, by Thos. 8. Bennett, M. G. 
" 20. Ed. H. Champion and HannaJi A. Drawyer, by H. B. Foskett. 
" 17. John M. Brown and Maggie R. Hawks, by Andrew J. Jones. 
" 17. Charles Dickinson and Lydia A. Church, l)y Thomas S. Bennett. 
" 20. Geo. Colwell and Sai'ah Barr. by John H. Anthony, J. P. 
" 19. Robt. Smith and Sally A. Schockley. by John H. Anthony. J. P. 
" 24. Sam. D. Lindlevand Sarah C. Ilixinbaugh. by Jacob W. Rogers.' 
'' 24. Wm. Shepley and Catherine Myers, by W. J." Smith. M. G." 
Dec. 11. Thomas L. Colhvell and Ellen Nicholas, by W. S. Bates, M. G. 
'■■ 17. John Sidner and Phebe Libbey. by Jacob Young, J. P. 
" 27. August C. Bei'gman and Catherine M. Johnson, by J. W. Rogers. 
" 27. James F. Thompson and Margaret A. Todd, by Jacob Matthews. 
" 31. Henry J. Otman and Carrie Hall, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
'•■ 17. Micagy Swiger and Eliza Sturm, no record. 

Jan. 4. Oliver R. Newton and Abbee H. Pettee, by Samuel Ordway. 
]. Samuel Smeggs and Mahetable Rhodes, by Jacob AV^ Rogers. 
1. Thomas T. Wright and Nancy J. Dawson, by Robt. McCutchen. 
" 5. Henry Garner and Tabitha Stevenson, by M. P. King, M. G. 
'•• 15. Wm. Blake and Matilda Si)illman, by W. H. Whitten, J. P. 
Feb. 5. John Kelley and Ellen Carr. by Rev.' Walter H. Power. 

1. David Woodar.l and Orritta Rhodes, by J. L. Hawkins, V. D. M. 

1. Seth F. Rockwell and llaniuih E. Woodard, l)y J. L. Hawkins. 

7. Samuel AVhite and Nancy A. Jones, by John Finly, J. P. 

•■■ 12. James W. Ratliffe and (Jlive Rouse by James M. Rogers, J. P. 

'• 8. James Truitt and Prudence A. Drake, by Jas. M. Jiogers, J. P. 

James Tucker and Hannah N. Six, by E. S. liroadhead, P. M. 

Henry Emery and Hannah Emery, bv James E. Gaston, M. G. 

Johnll. LaiH" and Lvdia A. IlalL by R. C. Dunn. M. G. 

Henry M. Hall and Anna A. Hublnird, by R. 0. Dunn, .Af. ({. 

Charles T. Bennett and Lucinda Sturm, by Peter Sturm, i[. G. 

Edward S. Talladay and Martha Maycock, by J. L. Scott, M. G. 

Thomas Timmons and Lucy A. (Jraves, by VV'. S. Bates, M. G. 

Bradford F. Thompson, and Eliza A. Bevier, l)y Alvin Abbott. 

John W. Smith and Almira A. Vodder, by James Sheldon, M. G. 

Almon W. Wildei- and ^lary A. Coleman, by S. C. Humphi'ey. 

Lewis W. Williams and Mai-y Atlierton, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

John E. Gharrett and Harriet II. Holgato, by J. L. Scott, M. G. 

















i i 






MARRIAGE RECORD 1831-1 Sfi6. 91 

Win. Kincade and JMargaret Kermeen, by J. W. Rogers, J. P. 
Samuel E. White and Mary A. Marlin, by E. G. Dunn, M. U. 
David K. Mieliael and Susan Sturm, by G. H. Case, M. G. 
George Ely and Carrie Johnson, by D. McCance. J. P. 
Amasa Sawyer and Kebecca 1). Sawyer, by K. C. Dunn. M. G. 
Frank G. Drew and Sophia L. Clark, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
Ohas. McCumsey and Mary E. Godfrey^ by J. W. Rogers, J. P. 
.Tolm D. Essex and Mary .). (4ierhart, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
Geo. E. Mereer and Harriett Rallard, by J. W. Rogers, J. P. 
Lewis II. Kerns and Mary M. Kern, by Syl. F. Otman, J. P. 
George, Kerns and Alice Wrigley. by W. J. Smith M. G. 
Jas. D. Lundy and Martha A. Mathews, by John ]\[orey, JI. G. 
Amos Bennett and Hannah Bunton, by D. McCance, J. P. 
Berry Edmiston and Delila Shenefelt, "bv J. L. Scott, M. G. 
John T. Eagleston and Eliza Wrigley. by W. J. Smith, M. G. 
John Maine and Abi. W. Eagen, by M. P. King, M. G. 
Edward W. Stewart and Hannah Craft, by John Finley. J. P. 
John L. Jennings and JIary J. Collins, by E. S. Broadhead, J. P. 
Jerome B. Thomas and Harriet N. R. Tasker, by R. C. Dunn. 
Samuel W. Eagan and Sarah E. Wiley, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
Steplien Young and (.'larista Lorman, by Henry Allen, M. G. 
John Jackson and Eliza A. Jlontooth. by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
Erastiis Stanton and Martha Armstrong, by E. S. Brodhead. 
Charles Brown and Hannah A. York, by E. S. Brodhead. 
William Wilson and Lois Sweet, by E. Ransom. M. G. 
John McKenzie and Ilectorina McGregor, by W. F. Vaill, M. G. 
Robert W. Hall and Sarah A. Olmsted, by E. S. Brodhead. 
Joab Nicholas and Alcinda Colwell, by R. C. Dnnn, M. G. 
Charles W. Carter and Sarah Carter, by Samuel Ordway, M. G. 
James Greenongh and Mary A. Eraser, by D. McC!ance, J. P. 
William Atkinson and Hannah Robson, by J. M. Graham, M. G. 
William K. .Morgan and Mary J. Winter,"by E. S. Brodhead. 
James 0. Williamson and Emilene Wilson, by C. H. Case, M. G. 
Moses H. AVeaver and Virginia Clark, by C!. A. Hewitt, M. G. 
George Graen and Isabella Fell, by J. M. Graham. M. G. 
William Wilson and Mary E. Falconer, by Jacob ^Matthews. 
Rachel II. Todd and .Alafgaret Brangle, by A. J. Wright, M. G. 
Jasper Taylor and Eliza Ann Pyle, by William Leggett, M. G. 
Dewitt C. Green and Almira Greenough, by E. S. Brodhead. 
Adam S. Murchison and Nancy Fuller, by John M. Graham. 
Wm. Slick and Mahala Harrott, by E. S. Brodhead, Magistrate. 
John B. Kay and Mary Currier, by AVilliam Leggett, M. G. 
Nathan D. Stewart and Julia C. Kenyon, by John Snethen, J. P. 
William A. Wooden and Martha F. Allison, by J. Woodward. 
Aug. S. Thompson and Sarah Fowler, by C. 11. Case. M. G. 
Geo. A. Dudley and Sarah E. Dudley, by Issaac L. Hart, J. P. 
Gavin L. Eenwick and Mary Harvey, by Joseph Woodward. 
Rufus Woodcock and Olive Green, by E. S. Brodhead. Mag. 
James B. Matthews and Susannah M. Matthews, by J. Matthews. 
David Murray and Susannah M. Tnrnbull, by John M. Graham. 
Patrick Smith and Jane Flanigan, by Catholic Missioner. 
Jan. 1. James Martin and Mary E. Nichols, 1/y G. F. Hill, M. G. 































































t .- 































Jan. 0. Charles L. Lane and Mary E. Finley, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

" 13. Cliarles F. Blood and Rachel A. Sturm, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

" 13. Wm. Rhodes and Betsy Rounds, by Isaac L. Hart, J. P. 

" 17. Thomas Zinn and Sarah A. Wilson, bv Jacob W. Rogers, J. P. 

" 19. Dix Ryan and Sarah Smith, by R. 0. Dunn, J. P. 

" 23. Colburn J. Robbiiis and Sarah M. Bennett, by E. S. Brodhead, 

" 24. Daniel Mcintosh, and Mary E. Riggan, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

" 27. Carlos Miner and Laura Pomeroy, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

" 28. Frederick Hartsock and Sinthey Carpenter, by D. McCance, J. I'. 

Feb. 7. Presley Terrell and Lavena R. Curfman, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

" 13. Orlando H. Brace and Lucy Hudson, by I. I. Fleharty, M. G. 

" 14. Jacob M. Jones and Catherine Atherton, by Jacob Young, J. P. 

" 14. Elisha Elston and Maria Riokev, bv W. J. Smith. M. G. 

" 14. Royal J. Curtiss and Achsa Rhodes, R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

" 14. James M. Virtue and Elizabetli Chandler, by John Finley, J. P. 

•' 14. Artemus E. Ewers and Anna D. Hochstrasser, bv E. S. Brod- 
liead, P. Mag. 

" 17. Orastus Alden and Salome Rhodes, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

" 21. James P. Ileadley and Gate Kindle, by I. L. Hart, J. P. 

" 24. Harmon Imes, and Lydia Shade, by James Snare, J. P. 

" 20. Benjamin Aby and Prinnah H. Bodine, by M. P. King, M. G. 

Mar. 3. Cyrus Avery and Pliebe Kewton, by James B. Chenowetli, M. G. 

" 5. James Shrouf and Cliarlotte Bunnell, by Syl. F. Otman, J. P. 

" 13. John Finlev and Sarah Adams, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 

" 14. Natlianiel Kissell and Martha P. Burns, bv Wm Les-gett, M. G. 

" 17. Geo. Straver and Urena L. Parrish, bv A.\J. Wright, M. G. 

" 17. Allen M. Pierce and Marv W. Thomas.'by Jacob ]\Iattlie\vs. M. G. 

" 20. Charles Plummer aiul Louisa Calhvel],"'by E. S. Brodhead, P. 

" 24. Morris Kirkpatrick and Hannah A. Elston, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

" 30. Mich.ael Plankeal and Francis Williams, by V. J. Giddings, M. G. 

April 2. Asa Currier and Mary L. King, by Wm. Leggett, i[. G. 

" 7. Spencer S. Elston and Polly M. Sturm, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

••■ 13. Hiram I). Sturm and Catherine A. Williams, by Peter Sturm, 

'•' 17. Phillip Webber ami Caroline Ames, Jacob Mathews, M. G. 

" 28. Edwin Youngkin and Matilda Hart, by U. P. Aten, M. G. 

" 29. Robt. G. Williams and Labella Hollingshead, by E. S. Bi'od- 
head. P. Mag. 

May 1. John Colgan and Maria Goldsberry. No record. 

" 1. James S. Patterson and Margaret J. Rule, by D. A. Wallace. 

" 8. Wilson Trickle and Elizabeth J. .Miller, by E. Ransom, M. G. 

" 3. George W. Miller and Mana Cross, bv Jacob ilatthews, M. G. 

'•' 22. Alex. Crow! and Marv J. Espev. bv J. M. (iraham. M. G. 

" 23. Stephen A. Cornish aiid Isabella Marlin. bv J. M. Graham. M. G. 

" 23. David 0. Dufur and Elizabeth Drunim. by R. C. Dunn, .M. (J. 

•Tune 10. I). S. Main and Rebecca Coon, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 

•• 27. Christian South ami Susanna Strayer, by Joseph S.Williams, J. P. 

July 4. Walter Lyle and Julia A. Ferris, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

3. John Shaver and Marv P. Greenman. bv Jacob .Matthews. M. (J. 
" 4. Nathan B. Foster and 'Clara L. Wethersby. by J. B. Russell, J. P. 
" 3. .lohn Fowler and Sarah E. N^orris. bv R' C.'Dunn, M. G. 

4. Michael Alderman and Jayey E. tiolwell, by W. S. Bates, M. G. 











. << 
















{ i 



Warren Williams and Eliza 0. Perry, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 
William Eby and Lovina Hull, by David Wbeffin. J. P. 
Franklin Pross and Margaret E. Pruitt, by Jacob Matthews. 
Joseph P. Hall and Jane Carse, by Win. L. Leggett, M. G. 
Roswell F. Wood worth and Charlotte E. VanVelsen, by Wm. 

Colwell, M. G. 
Eugene M. Gallup and Mary E. Merchant, by A . J. Wright. 
Shepherd P. Westphall and Elizabeth Aumick, by E. 8. Brod- 

hcad. P. Mag. 
AVni. J. Gamel and Anna J. W.ive. by E. S. Brodhead, P. M. 
Harry V. Johnson, and Susan Todd, by A. J. Wright, M. G. 
David H. Bobbins and Martha Cole. byE. S. Brodhead, P. M. 
^latthews Gillan and Jennette Graham, by C. A. Hewitt, M. G. 
Edward S. Force and Eliza Aten, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 
Joseph Curtiss and Mary E. Farding, by Jacob Matthews, M. G. 
Hiram Parrish and Martha J. Hoppock, by J. A. Pratt, P. M. 
Samuel G. Scraiitou and Julette J. Westfall, by E. S. Brod- 
head, P. Mag. 

" 20. Lawrence McNamee and Martha Armstrong, by D. McCance. 
Oct. 1. Henry B. Upton and Jannet Scott, by I. M. Graham, M. G. 
8. Whitfield D. ilatthews and Mary A. Chaddock, by W. J. 
Smith, M. G . 
" 13. Daniel S. Thui*ston and Clarinda McKinniss, by E. S. Brod- 
head, P. Mag. 
" 17. Samuel A. Fitch and Mary E. McDaniel, by D. McCance. 
" 24. Walter M. Dexter and Alida J. Bennett, by Edward Sellen. 
" 24. Willard Palmer and Elsie Gamer, by A. C. Miller, M. G. 
" 27. Miner Y. Smith and Harriet Lee, by James Busvi-ell, J. P. 
Nov. 1. Mih) W. Fargo and Mary M. Reeger, by Jacob Matthews, M. G. 
" 4. Wm. Luce, jr., and Jane McViekers, by J. B. Russell, J. P. 
" ". Wm. D. Cuinming and Martha E. Anthony, by A. C. Miller. 
'' 12. Patrick !McSherry and Ellen McGuire, by Catholic Missioner. 
'■ I'.i. Horatio G. Scribner and Hannah Scholes, by AV. W. Winslow. 
•■'■ 14. Kobert L. Scott and Isabella Happock, by Daniel M. Kelly, J. P. 
'■■ 14. Harrison Miner and Alice Parrish, by H. B. Foskett, JI. G. 
" 14. Charles B. Thorp and Harriet Riddle, by W. J. Smith. M. G. 
" 14. Tyrus Matthews and Climena Scribner, by E. S. Brodhead. 
" 18. Lewis Redding and Cynthia Ann Walling, by John E. Evans. 
" 18. Franklin Runnells and Lenora E. Blood, by"C. A. Hewitt. M.G. 
'■'■ 10. Ambrose W. Matthews and Sarah Ann Wilsev. by D. McCance. 
" 17. Hiram P. Mallory and Hannah Redding, by John R. Evans. 
Dec. 4. Chas. T. Edwards and Eunice V. Spencer, by 0. A. Hewitt. 
4. Jesse J. Flaharty and Annie Bruce, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 
" 11. Chas. H. Barce and Kesiah Y. Flint, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 
" 19. Thomas S. Jones and Margaret J. Jones, by W. J. Smith, M, G. 
'•■ 17. George Miller and Mary Ely, by D. McCan'ce, J. P. 
" 22. Andrew Oliver and Betty Armstrong, by John M. Graham. 
'•' 23. John Arganbright and Latitia Ray. by Minot Silliman, J. P. 

Jan. 1. John Buchanan and Ann McBeth, by John M. Graham, M. G. 
'• 1. R. C. Baker and Mary A. Shore, by J. T. AVestorer. M. G. 
" 1. Moses II. Weaver and Sophia Stuart, by Charles P. Blake, J. P. 
" 5. David H. Anderson and Sarah A. Veeder, by Jacob Matthews. 


Jan. 1. Thomas C. McChesuey ami Kosotta A. Palmer, by W. J. Smith. 

" 1. Moses B. Robinson and Mahala Swift, by Jefferson Kaymond. 

" 2. Robert M. Finley and Mary A. Hum, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 

" 7. Roderick MfKenzie and Margaret Ross, by Geo. Stebbins, ^I. G. 

" G. John Jones and Xancy Jane XVhite, by Minott Silliman, J. V. 

'•• 14. Levi Eckley and Cliarlotte 8. White, "by John Finley, C. J. 

" 15. John Shaner and Cordelia Flook, by John Xeff, M. G. 

" 19. Wm. Pratt and :\Iary A. Snethen, bv Peter Sturm, M. G. 

'•• 23. John II. Taylor and Isabella Galley,' by M. P. King, M. G. 

" 26. Albert P. Terwilliger and Margaret Willey, by Peter Sturm. 

•' 30. Cliarles Janes and Christina Baglon, by I). McCance, C. J. 

" 30. Josejih Patterson and Caroline Price, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 

Feb. 3. Patrick lianley and Margaret Alworth, l>y Lewis Lightner. 

" 1. Caleb S. Ileaton and JIarv E. Knoff, by Allen C. Miller, M. G. 

" 4. Betherel Parrish and Cele'stia Ferris, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 

" 0. Jacob L. Young and Julia A. Gardner, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 

" 13. John Cohvell and Almira Fast, by W. S. Bates, M. G. 

'•■ 20. Donald McKae and C'hristy McLennan, by John M. Graham. 

" 21. Nils Nelson and Parmelia Paulson, by D. JlcCance, J. P. 

Mar. 1. Wm. J. Morey and Josephine Di'iscoll. by D. M. Kelly, J. P. 

2. Adam Jackson and Agnes Murray, l)y Jolin M. Graham, M. G. 

"■ 3. Wm. Dickinson and Mary Atkinson, by J. S. Millsapps, j\I. G. 

" 4. Joseale Bevier and Eliza McKibbins, by Louis Lightner, M. G. 

" 5. Wm. Redding and Hannah L. L. Atkinson, by John R. Evans. 

" 0. Milner P. Davidson and Lora A. Lyon, by John Neff, JI. G. 

" 10. Peter Roberts and Sarah N. Clifton, by Levi Lapham, J. P. 

" 8. Robert Faulds and Catherine Courtney, by James M. Stickney. 

" 13. Wm. A. Lawson and Sina Mott, by E. S.' Brodhead, Pol. Mag. 

" IT. Elias Nuller and Rhoda Jenkins, by Sylvester F. Otman, J. P. 

" 2(1. David D. Coombs and Eliza Applegate, by B. F. Fuller, J. P. 

Ajn-il 1. Francis Baxter and Jane A. \\'a,rdell, by A. J. Wright, M. G. ^ 

2. Wilson Spencer and Caroline Brace, by Jacob Matthews. M. G. 

" K). Richard F. Williamson and Louisa Nicholson, by A. J. Wright. 

May 7. .John Butler and Marv Cavenagh, by Catholic Missioner. 

'• 2G. Charles W. Coe and Julia A. Bennett, by Alvin Abbott, M. G. 

" 20. Nicholas Sturm and ilartha Sturm, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

'• 29. Albert Vail and Sylvia Stockton, liy E. S. Brodhead, Pol. Mag. 

June 14. John Smith and Bridget McC^omisky, by Louis Liglitner, il. G. 

" 22. Wm. H. Drennin and Lucy A. Chaffee', by W. S. Bates, 51. G. 

" 25. Wm, H. Ansman and Ruth A Nelson, by Peter Sturm. M. G. 

July 4. Harrod ^lurnan and Gertrude A. Lyon, by E. S. Brodhead. 

•■' 12. Samuel Montooth and Hannah S. Sturm, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

Aug. 7. Jacob McDaniel and Louisa Hall, by Ahab Keller, M. G. 

•'' 10. ^Michael Bargin and Celia. Noble, by E. Delaharty. M. G. 

'• 11. .fereniiali Wagoner and Laura Culton, by R. McBocock, J. P. 

" 10. ]5cnjamin Meliew and Marietta Ellenwood, by John Neff, M. G, 

•• 18. Rol,)ert Alexander aiul Jlelissa R. Mix, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

•■ 1<;. (iersham Bunnell and Ellen Cooper, by James Snare, J. P. 

•• 1."). .lames A. Long and Rosina Glitch, by Peter Sturm, M. (i. 

'• 19. Charles Kezerand Sarah J. Smith, i)y Josiah Kerns, M. G. 

'■ 20. .losiah Miner and Lydia A. Houck, by Jeff'. Raymond. J. P. 

•• 21. Wm. Iligginson and Mary Evins. by D. McCance, J. P. 

'■ 2G. Lemuel F. Matthews and' Lucretia S. Trickle, by W. J. Smith. 


ISSl-lSfifi. 07 

Aug. 37. Newton l>;uif;lni iind Irene Siiiuiis, by D. McCancc, C. J. 

•• 28. Ephraini W. Smith lunl Sarah M. Addis, by D. MoCanee. .F. 1'. 

•■ 30. James X. i:)ayison and Mdvy C. Richards, by B. F. Fuller, J. P. 

Se})t. 2. Alyah Sturteyant and Rebecca Pratt, by Jacob Matthe\ys. M. G. 

3. Thomas Corlitt and Mary Zinne, by D.' McCance, J. P. 

9. Robert Allen and Alice Holt, by R. C. Dunn, U. G. 

" 13. Jacob Williams and Sarah Saxtoo, by Peter Strum, M. G. 

" 31. Wellington 11. Boyer and Anna P. Hinson, by D. Hitchcock. 

31. (ieorge W. Gharrett and Alice Fuller, by James Snare, J. P. 

14. Geo. Cooper and Rebecca liunnell. by James Snare, J. P. 

" 25. Geo. IT. AlcC'lenahaii and Mai'tha L. Atherton, by J. Raymond. 

Get. 5. Thomas Wiekham and Mary Welch, by P. McGregor. Cath. Pas. 

•• 1. Philip C. Rhea and Eliza j'. I'arks. by John Netf^ M. G. 

3. Charles Stephens and Hannah J. Jewell, l)y ]). McCance, J. P. 

" 3. Ira H. Hochstrasserand Margaret Drinnin, by M. P. King, M. G. 

5. George Holmes and Jlartini E. Carney by John Xeff. M. G. 

'• 15. Neri'McHaniel and Finiah Mcintosh, by D. McCance, J. P. 

" 31. Michael S. Smith and Nancy Bateman. by W. J. Stubble, M. G. 

" 33. Joseph P. Gibbs and Hannah B. Gibbs, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

" 39. Le^vis Corson and Lydia A. Buck, by E. C. Brodhead, P. Mag. 

Noy. 8. Ziba Hackett and Lucinda Smith, by Thos. Grattridge, J. P. 

9. John M. Ilurd and Mahala R. Swank, by S. A. Elliott, M. G. 

'- 13. Wian E. Clough and Jennie I'hornton, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

" 37. Samuel White and Lucinda Harris, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

Dec. 3. Wm. E. Thomas and Elniira ^[yers, by D. Cance, J. P. 

" 15. Geo. M. Adams and Hannah R. Adams, by R. V. Dunn, M. G. 

" 15. D. H. Dalrymjile and Louisa Harmon, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

" 34. John E. Dack and Jane AViley. by John 'Netf, M. G. 

•■' 38. Stephen Halsey and Delia II.' Lacey, by D. M. Kelley, J. P. 

" 39. Isaac Welch and Catlierine L. Baldwin", by R. C. Duim, M. G. 

" 31. J. C. Capestake and Sarah C. Hulsizer, by R. C^. Dunn, M. G. 


Jan. 5. George Boardman ;uid Lydia, Smith. l)v Peter Sturm, M. G. 

" 15. Wm. Coleman and Eliza'Leigh, by S. A. Elliott, M. G. 

'• 11. John Freeland and Emilene Hall, by James Snare. J. P. 

" 14. Norman Malcom and Elyira. Straight, by R. C. Dnun, JI. G. 

" 33. Geo. E. Richmond and Eliza N. Simmernian, by S. M. Farrar. 

■' 37. John II. Ogle and Diantha W. Sturm, by A. t!.' Price, V. D. M. 

Feb. 5. Albert M. Frisbie and Harriett Hines, by M. P. King, M. G. 

5. G. II. II. Q. Dalrymple and Mary Griffin," by Peter Sturm, U. G. 

••■ 10. Richard J. Crodder and Eliza A. Tofflemoyer, by John Sargent. 

'■ 11. Ellis W. Gaskill and Jane JfcBride, by J. A. Graham, M. "G. 

" 11. John Besler and Anna Jopig, by E. S. Broadhead, Pol. ilag. 

" 13. Wm. Murray and Isabella Fairbairn, by J. M. Graham, M. G. 

" 19. Geo. Rutherford and Jane Armstrong. A. J. Wright, M. G. 

" 32. Francis S. C'lark and Malyenia Powell, by W. R.'Stowe. M. G. 

" 23. Reed Spencer and Sarah J. Grecnman, by James Snare. J. P. 

" 25. Farquhar Bain and Ann !Mui'chison. no record. 

Mar. 10. William McCormick and JlcU French, by James Snare, .1. P. 

9. James 11. S])ringfield and Martha E. Geer, Benj. M. Lombard. 

" 26. Madara D. Fezler and Mary B. \\hitaker, by R. C. Dunn. 

" 25. John C. Emery and Lonisa C. Hall, by R. C^. Dunn, M. G. 

" 31. John Smilie and Mary A. Burns?, by D. M. Kelly, J. P. 


April 12. Xatliaii Downing and Ilannali F. Eiter, S. P. Huntington. 

" 17. Murdow Murchinson and Sallv Matheson, no record. 

" 22. ^\'m. H. Tliwiss and Hannali fitter, by A. C. Price, M. G. 

May (>. ,1-dcoh H. Sanders and Mary M. Brace, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 

" 2. Daniel B. C'lark and Eliza A. Kent, liscence returned. 

" 17. David L. Ash and Eliza. Messenger, by Lemuel Pomeroy, M. G. 

" lil. Francis M. Timmons and Eliza Rush, by A. G. Hammond, J. P. 

•Tune 14. (ieorge Smith and Adelia A. Greenman, by Jos. Woodward. 

'• 11. 'i'homas Scavenger and Ann E. Coi-ner, by James W. Hewett. 

•• 30. Thomas Robinson and Lucy C. Lyle. W. J. Stubbles. M. G. 

July 2. David Collins and Sai'ah Burns, by John Netf, M. G. 

" 2. Calvin Vulgamot and Catherine Gingrich, by W. S. Bates. 

'•• 4. W. L. Straiiarn and Harriet E. ReedT by D. Whiffen, J. P. 

!). Aaron S. Atherton and Mary J. Sanders, by W. J. Smith, M.G. 

'• 12. Wm. S. Hixon and Lucy Oziah, A. J. Wright, M. G. 

Aug. 7. Wm. P. Hall, and Lonisa J. Hadsell, by D. M. Kelly, J. P. 

" 4. Henry Caruthers and Lucinda Simmerman, by S. M. F. Farrar. 

" IG. Thomas C Hepperlv and Selina A. King, by John Neif, M. G. 

" 1(1. Jothan Rounds and Martha Cypler, by B. F. Fuller, J. P. 

" 20. John V. May and Rel)ecca A. Trickle,'A. C. Price, M. G. 

'' 2o. Chas. H. Maxiield and Helen Fuller, by A. J. Wright, M. G. 

" 2(;. Rol)ert Riddle and Betsy Cameron, R. C. Dunn, M."'G. 

Sept. ■}. Geo. Boale and Lydia Mix, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

;5. Samuel Hewett and Mary J . Sapp, by James W. Hewett, P. M. 

'■• 23. John ^\'. Emery and Lizzie Livingstone, by D. ifcCance, J. P. 

" 10. Jacob H. Simmerman and Levina Durand. J. W. Hewett. 

" 13. Robert M. Masters and Louisa Lundy, by Jacob Matthews. 

" 16. Thomas Dawson and Jane Meadows, Jos. Woodward, J. P. 

" 21. Cornelius L. Lupert and Laura Ualsey, A. Gross, M.G. 

" 24. AV. H. Gray and Eliza Traphagan, by D. McCance, J. P. 

" 22. Thomas Homer and Charlotte Dewey* by A. J. Wright, M. G. 

Oct. 1. Aug. B. Kirkpatrick and Fannie Redding, by Jesse Redding. 

" 4. David j\Iagee and Eliza Jewell, by D. McCanee. J. P. 

7. John Black and Eliza Mason. by'E. Ransom, jr., M. G. 

•' 13. Cornelius Horn and Lienor Newton, by X. Y. Giddings, M. G. 

•' 18. Wm. Peterson and Mary Wooden, by Robt. McCutcheon, M. G. 

•• 10. Geo. A. Clifford and :\Iary C. Clifford, by A. C. Price, M. G. 

•• 15. Charles H. Grimm and Catherine McLennan, by J. M. Graham. 

Xov. 10. Reuben Gardner and Mary McGee, by W. W. Winslow, J. P. 

■• I'J. Wm. P. McGilliard and Eliza J. Torrance, by A. C. Miller, M. G. 

" 16. (Chester Lyon and Chloe A. Austin, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

" 15. Peter Nelson and Lucinda A. Smith, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

" 25. George Currier and Sarah Drury, by A. M. Gardner, M. G. 

'•■ 22. Dan.Drawyer andLucia A. Wilson, by D. A. Falkenburg 
M. G." 

" 26. James A. Edwards and Susan Lee. by A. C. Price, M. G. 

'•■ 30. Isaac Shepherd and Mary A. Cockshot, by D. McCance, J. P. 

•■•• 30. Daniel McClure and .Matilda Case, by R. C. Dunn. M. G . 

Dec. 12. J. 15. Cochran and Sarah C. Goodspeed, by Ansel J. Wright. 

'•' 8. James Pace aiul Bell McLain, by George Stebbins, M. G. 

'■'■ 10. Bainbridge Ray and Mary Prather, by D. McCance, M. G. 

" 17. George Boardmau and J. C. Updike, by W. S. Bates, M. G. 

" 17. Wm. P. Caverley and Elizabeth Hartley, by A. E. Wells, M. G. 

^tARRIAr;K record ISSl-lSOti. 99 

Dec. 24. Josepli Smith and Sarah Arinentrout, by S. M. F. Fai-rar, .1. I'. 

■• 24. John II. Houze and Susannah Gingricli. by D. McCance, J. I'. 

' ' 30. Wm. S. Kimball and Margaret P. Comstock . by James W. Howett. 

■' .')!. Thos. T. Leacox and Hannah V. Wilson. bvDelos S. Jlain, 'S\. (I. 


.Ian. o. (tbo. 0. Maxliold and Cynthia C. Parrish, by R. C. Dunn, M. (i. 

G. Isaac S. Wliitaker and Sarah A. Shinn, by R. C Dunn, M. (i. 

" 21. Miles Colwell and Amanda Barr. by D. McCance, J. P. 

'• 14. James Kerns and Sarali J. Bristol!, by N. J. Geddings. M. (J. 

•• 19. James R. Lawson and Ophelia Lafferty, by J. W. Hewett. P. M. 

•' 20. Nathan Shulze and Kliza A. Culbcrtson, by R. C. Dunn, M. (J. 

" 26. Wm. C. Phelps and Rachel Snvder. by Jos. Woodward, J. J'. 

'•' 29. Thos. TurnbuU and Margaret Montooth, by J. M . Graham, M. ( I . 

Feb. 3. Thomas Baskin and Nancv Simmons, J. B. Chenoweth, M. G. 

•' lU. Thomas W. Fmbleton and Kate Beach, bv F. F. Perkins. JI. G . 

" 10. Wm. Miller and Mary E. Miller, by S. M. F. Farrar. J. P. 

" IC. Geo. P. Gerard and Nancy E. Leeson, by A. H. IIe|iperly, M. ('• . 

" 14. Martin Medcai'is and Mai'garet J. Robinson, by Jas. Snare. J. P. 

" 18. Daniel Keller and Marv \V. Wright, bv E Ransom. M.G. 

" 22. Cyrus A. Anthony and Charlotte'Shaw", by Allen C. Miller. M. G. 

•' 25. Ezra J Griffin and Rebecca L. Nicholas^ by J. M. Ford, M. G. 

'• 27. John Dawson and Jenuma Detman, by B. F. Miller, J. P. 

•• 20. Robert Cinnamon and Jane McClane, by F. F. Perkins, M. (i. 

Mar. 10. Anthony Sturm and Xancy Bogard. by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

9. Jas. M. Harwood and Rebecca Wall, bv A. H. Hepperly, M. G. 

'■ 13. Edwin H. Tyrrell and Elizabeth Rockwell, by F. liascom, M. G. 

" 12. Abe. Loudenburg and Lydia Phenix, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

" 17. Jesse Redding and Surah Fulk, by Peter Sturm, i[. G. 

'• 22. Alfred S. Ilemmant and Mary E. Kavanaugh, liy J. AV. Agard. 

"■ 23. Thomas J. Townseiid and Maria L. Bevier, bv A. C. Price. M. G. 

"■ 20. Albert Vansickle and Rachel A. Oziah, by S.'M. F. Farrer, J. P. 

" 25. Thomas Imes and Cvnthia A. Harmon, bv Peter Sturm. M. (i. 

■' 27. Charles Hall and Sarah Carter, Ijy Thomas Beall, J. P. 

" 27. Peter J. Allison and Mary A. Williams, bv A. J. Wright. :\r. G. 

" 31. James F. Holmes and Mary Richardson, by A. J. Wright, M. ti. 

A|iril 3. Daniel E. Markland and Hannah E. Miller, by James Snare, J. P. 

•• 3. Geo. H. Hurd and Cynthia J. Wilson, by A. C. Price, M . G. 

" 13. Harry Hull and Alice Somljerger, by Jacob Matthews, M. G. 

'•• 17. Chas. II. Colwell and Hester Miller, bv D. McCance, J. P. 

" 11. Ira C. Reed and Sarah M. Barnell, byS. M. F. Farrar. J. P. 

" 13. Wm. Calhoon and Ann :M. Beaver, by A. C. Price, M. G. 

19. Theo. Bacmeister and Laura L. Ogle, by A. C. Price, M. G. 

•• 19. Ira Newton and Olive E. Smith, by R. C. Dunn, M.G. 

•• 30. Amerieus Jones and Hannah Messenger, bv R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

:\rav 10. Aliram Vandike and Henrietta R. Blood, bv A. C. Price, M.G. 

•■ 12. W. II. Gibbs and Julia A. Grant, by J. W. Hewett, Pol. Mag. 

"■ 15. John Drew and Atlanta Lyie, by Ehud Fordyce, M. (}. 

'•' 17. Emerv Butfom and Anna ilimes, by A. C. Price, M. G. 

•■ IL Henry H. Emery and Sarah A. Swab, by D. M. Kelly, J. P. 

June 4. James Yates and .Martha Baritt, by J. W. Hewett, Pol. Mag. 

•'• 15. Henry Rhodes and Carrie Johnson, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

'• IS. Selde'n Miner and Eliza C. Smith, by A. C. Price, M. G. 

'• 21. OloflE II. Johnson and Sarah Swift, by E. McCance, J. P. 


.Iiiiie ;!li. JaiiU'S II. Dexter and Eliza i\I . .Johnson, by S. L. Hamilton. 

July 4. .(esse W. Hawk and Su.san Locey. by I). McCance, J. P. 

" 4. Wm. Murnan and Mary C'oe, by 1). McCance, J. P. 

" S. John Kermeen and Annie McCain, by B. F. Fuller, J. P. 

'• 4. Jolin Graves and Kebecca J. Hurry, by E. B. Barker, M. G. 

" 17. Francis G. Leggitt and Katy Long, by A. C. Price, M. G. 

Aug. ;!. W. 0. Dalrymple and Ellen Conner, by W. W. AVinslow, J. P. 

'^ 11. Francis W.'Ennis and Ellen Cooper, by J. W. Hewett, P. .M. 

'• 15. Henry Lassing and Josie Marker, by K. 0. Dimn, M. G. 

'• 31. John'AV. Rounds and Missouri A. Davis, by D. M. Kelley, J. P. 

Sept. 1. liobert A. Turnbull and Rebecca Montooth, by R. C. Dunn. 

" 7. Thomas A. Colvin and Sarah Willeson, by S. B. Smith, M. G. 

'■' 8. Stephen Roberts and Susanna Hogan, liy J. W. Hewett, P. M. 

" i:). Daniel 0. Addis and Margaret Caskey, by Allen C. Miller, M. G. 

" 20. Eugene B. Lyon and Martha Cox, by E. P. Barker, M. G. 

" 23. Thonias Nichols and Mary J. Colwell, by J. W. Hewett, P. M. 

" 24. John A. Cowell and Charlotte Gridlev. by E. P. Baker, M. G. 

" 20. Fred P. Bloom and Charlotte Curfman. by R. C. Dunn, M, 6. 

" 29. Israel Dawson and Eflfte McJIillen, by J. W. Hewett, P. M. 

'• 29. Pliilip Arganbright and Josephine Boggs, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

Oct. 3. Lorenzo Waldron and C'larrissa Reed, by Edward Arllon, M. G. 

7. Wm. W. Stuart and Delphine Xewton, by James B. Chenowith. 

"■ 14. Wm. O. Flaharty and Margaret Kelly, by John Kilkenny. Priest. 

" 10. Abram Buffington and Susan A. Pettit, bv A. II. Ilepperlv. 

" 13. Wm. W. Hvlton and Adelaide Phenix, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

" 17. Cialvin R. Sinytlie and Armcntia Triplett, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

'■' 24. Wm. A. Cade and Fannie E. Simpson, by J. M. Van AVagner. 

" 21. Geo. B. Vansickle and Alziria Barnhill, by A. C. Miller, M. G. 

" IS. John Hoppock, Jr., and Hattie Conklin, by Horace Worden. 

" 30. John Imes and Mary Asburn, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

" 29. James Boland and Eleanor Boyd, by R. C, Dunn, M. G. 

" 29. Daniel McCrady and Mary Dixon, no record. 

Nov. 3. Clarion Davis and Ellen Boardman, by J. W. Agard, M. G. 

5. Bela H. Curtiss and JIary Shaw, by Alvin Abbott, M. G. 

'•' 12. Joel Straio'ht and Eliza Whitcher, by A. G. Hammond, J. P. 

" 17. John M. Cole, and Christenah Peterson, by D. M. Hill, M. G. 

" 14. Charles C. Gleeson and Mai'v Bolt, by James Snare, J. P. 

••■ 24. John Barler and Nancy J. (Jraves, by D. McCance, J. P. 

'•■ 20. Hugh Rhodes and Hannah Beatty, by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

" 26. Cuthbert Driscoll and Sarah J. Davis, by M. H. Negus M. G. 

" 29. D. JfcLennan and Catharine Murchison, by Lemuel Pomeroy. 

" 29. Hiram AVyatt and Rebecca Newmyer, by James Darsie. 

Dee. 4. John W. Dickenson and Delia ^I. Drawyer, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

'•' 5. Jacob Rogers and Mary W. Remanington, by A. C. Miller, M. G. 

S. W. II. Fleming and Sarah A. Wilson, by Wm. Leber, M; G. 

•• II. Harrison I). GUI and Sarah Britten, by^E. P. l?arker, M. G. 

'■ 22. Sidney F. Harding and Jlary A. Irwin, by J. M. Graham, M. G. 

" 22. Alonzo Luce and Catlierine'Miller, by J.'W. Hewitt, J. P. 

" 25. Robt. G. Stowe and Martha E. Pope," bv E. Ransom, Jr., M. G. 

" 27. John F. Greenfield and Thurza Hitchcock, by D. McCance, J. P. 


Jan. 4. Henry Newton and Cynthiana Harvey, by J. W. Hewitt, J. P. 

" 5. Daniel Lundy and Catherine Emery, by Jacob Matthews, M. G. 



























• < 




















• ■ 
















J Illy 












1 . 













John Greenwood and Susan Wriglit, by J. W. Agard, M. ({. 
Ivowland F. Washburn and Lucinda Williams, bv E. P. Barker. 
James P. McCJuvro and MarvJ. Collins, bv J. W. Hewitt, J. P. 
Thonuis Hick aiid Margaret Cockslioot. bv J. W. Hewitt. J. P. 
Adam Fleteherand yiavx Pees, by J. W. Hewitt. P. Mag. 
John Arm6,trong and Jane Rule, by J. M. Van Wagner, M. (r 
Geo. W. Kirk]iatrick and ^Nfartha A. Taylor, by James l)arsie. 
Wm. 0. Johnson and Hannah L. Fiteh, by James Darsie, M. G. 
Win. J. Lamper and Mary Clayton, by C. Seidell. M. G. 
Joseph F. Lewis and Catherine Buckley, by IX McC'ance. J. P. 
Ross Colwell and Mary J. Gierliart, by A. J. Wright, M. G. 
Matiiusalah Bevierand Fanny L. Hicks, by Alvin Abbott, M. (i. 
Wm. W. Buswell and lone Beckwith. by J. M. Graham, M. G. 
Daniel Moon and Hester A. Lord, by John M. (iraliam. M. G. 
James A. Henderson, and Francis A. Dewe\;, by R. C. Dunn. 
John Harvie and Melinda Jane Simmerman. by James Snare. 
Aron J. Anderson and Susan Updvlve, bv J. W. Hewett, J. P. 
Wm. A. Ellis and Adaline W. Davis, by A. G. Ilaniniond, J. P. 
Wm. Warhurst and Lydia Fmbaugh, by Geo. W. Brown, M. G. 
Alex. Ballentine and Isabella Teinpleton, by R. C. Dunn. M. G. 
Simon Cox and ^fary E. Graves, by A. G. Hiiminond, J. P. 
John H. Brown and Mary Holmes, by James Darsie, JL (>. 
Albert G. Hilliard and Euplninia Clark, bv W. J. Beck, M. G. 
Jliles S. Williams and Pollv M. Elston, by W. W. Winslow, J. P. 
Eli Wilson and Mary M. Morris, by J. W. Hewitt, P. Mag. 
Thomas Mayborn and Rebecca Jerrems, by A. G. Hammond. 
Lewis Hoppock and Huldah Cross, by W. J. Beck, M. G. 
Henry C. Morris and Mary Burnam, by E. Ransom. Jr.. ]\[. G. 
(ieorge R. Harris and Jane Page, by J. W. Hewett, P. Mag. 
Abel T. George and RJioda E. Siia.rer. bv J. B. Clienoweth, M. (i. 
Wm. Delay a"nd Martha Patrick, by C." il. S. Lyon, J. P. 
Geo. W. Goodnow and ilary Harmschild, by D. McCance, C. J. 
John T. Kinmiinth and Henrietta Atherton, by James Darsie. 
Wm. M. Pilgraiu and Marv Wasliburne, by E. P. Barker. M. (i. 
Oliver White and Mattie L. .Mercer, by Darius M. Hill. M. (i. 
Geo. Atwood and C'atherine M. Foster, by A. J. Wright. M. (i. 
Jacob Umbangh and Sarah E. Diidlev, bv A. J. Wright. .M. G. 
Wm. Boyd and Mary Colthar. by A. C'. Miller, M. G. 
Simjjson Simmons and Mai'garet Hull, by C. A. Hewett, M. (i. 
John Frey and Eliza Jane Fulk, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 
James Montooth and Mary Wilson, by Wm. Leber, M. G. 
Ezra Ferris and MaiT C. Cummings. No record. 
Cliancey E. Ballard and Mary E. Zink, by James Buswell, .1. P. 
Charles H. Newman and Alvira \'. Jordan, bv Alvin Abbott. 
Harlan P. Wyckoff and Phcbe Ackley. by R.'(' Dunn, M. G. 
Wm. Mowon and Lucinda Potts, by C. M. S. Iaoii. J. P. 
John ilcKee and Madeline Bradfonl, by A. II. Ilcpperly. il. G. 
(ieorge A. Smith and Mary E. Wolf, by Ji. C. J'rice, M.' U. 
Chris G. Birlemeyer and Ann B. Weiiger, l)y E. Ransom, jr. 
Jas]ier Dollisou and Lydia Ellison, by C. ^I. S. Lyon, J. P. 
M(jrris C. Lainpson and Mary J. Francis, by A. G. Hainmiiiid. 
Andrew Creighton and Hannali Atkinson, iiy Jos. Woodward. 
Benjamin C. Follett and Helen Rhodes, by A. J. Wright, M. (i. 


8ept. 5. Eli Emery and Mary C. Johnson, by J. W. Hewitt, J. P. 

5. Stejihen W. Marring and Sarali I'orter. bv A. J. Wright, M. G. 

.1. lliram A. 8. Kane and Mary E. Burns, bv J. \V. Ilewett. P. M. 

n. (Jeo. W. Reed and Mrs. Jane Hunter, by Wni. A. Clark, :\I. G. 

7. Philip F. Eai-hart and Lucretia DollisoUj by C. M. S. Lyon. 

" 11. George Pheljis and Sarah C'hoate, by E. P. Barker, M. G. 

•■ 14. Sylvester Hall and Catherine Harding, by A . H . He])perly. M. G. 

" 14. Joseph A. Webster and Susan E. Saxtoii, by J. B. Pussell. J .V. 

■■ 14. Benj. V. Ilersh and LoveS. Fo.x, bv A. G. Hammond. J. P. 

•• 16. Biirdiek Kinvon and Silvina Wilson. "G. W. Shaffer. M. G. 

•■ 10. David M. Poor and Matilda Witter, by D. M. Hill, M. G. 

•• IS. Job Mahaffy and Ann E. Broughten, by H. E. Halsey, J. P. 

" 21. Stephen Green and Francis S. Hunt, bv James W. Hewett, J. P. 

" --.'4. Koyal H. Miller and Arabella Kissell,"by R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

Oct. 1. Charles M. Wilson and Jane A. Lawson", by Wm. Leber, M. G. 

2. .Joseph C. Hiuer and Eleanor A. Eagan, by A. P. Aten, M. (}. 

2. Orange F. Dorrance and Ada Hieks, by J. Milligan, M. G. 

4. .lames A. McKenzie and Louisa Tlionias, by J. W. Agard, iL G. 
7. Joseph H. Gingrich and Mary A. Finch, bv D. M. Hill, M. G. 

m. Demetrius E. Morris and Mary \'andyne, by G. W. Shaffer, .M. (i. 

12. Samuel Happock and Sarah J. Likes, bv E. Ransom, Jr., M. G. 

14. Wm. C. Wright and Susan C. Casky, by .1. W. Hewitt. P. :^Iag. 

17. Hector M. Lamb and Athalia Barlow, by C. M. S. Lyon, J. P. 

I'.i. Enistus E. Reed and Clarinda Wood, by James Snare, J. 1*. 

lil. H. H. Ballentine and Mary Trimmer, by Aug. G. Hammond. 

10. Ciiauncev R. Miner and Chloe R. Parrish. bv A. J. Wright, 

li). Richard R. Luce and Eliza McYicker, by D.' McCance, J. P. 

23. Duncan G. Ligraham and Eliza A. Stickney, by J. M. Stickney. 

20. Wm. B. Thompson and Ellen Toothaker, by R." C. Dunn, M. G. 

2(). Anson R. Tanner and C'atherine Oxenberger, bv Peter Sturm. 

2(!. Oliver P. Crowell and Mary .M Hiner. l)y D. M. Hill. M. G. 

21!. .lames Wall and Ann Cai-roll. bv ilissionarv Priest. 

2'.). Henry S. Crook and :\Iattie Hanchett. by Robt. :\IcB()cock, M. G. 

31. (Jideon Murray and Jane Fairbairji, by A. J. Wright, M. G. 

Nov. 2. .\aron Schmuck and .Julia A. Hill, by E. Ransom. Jr., M. G. 

5. James M. Lowman and ilary E. Thomas, by D. ;\LHiil, M. G. 

12. Samuel Redding and Letitia Bogaixl. by Sam. Stoiightcn, JL G. 

13. Nimrod C. Bisliopand Auliana Winslow. bv Alvin Abbott, M. G. 
i!i. -Joseph B. Armentrout and Pollv A. Fantz'. bv D. .>[. Hill. M. <i 
Hi. Wm. H. Hazard and Sarah M. 'Caskev, by A C.Miller. M. G. 

23. (;eorge H. Martin and Ruth White. h\ D." M. Hill. M. G. 
2(j. Fred. ^\. Talbottand :\Ielissa R. Ale.xander. by L. R. Winn. J. P. 

Dec. 5. (Jeo. W. ]5otkin and Jane B. Potter, by 11. Ransom, il. G. 

— . Joel Dixon and Hannah Putnam, bv 0. G. Wood, J. P. 

24. Robert Hall and Jane Wrag. by R. McBocock. J. P. 

25. .Jonathan (J raves and Racliel (iraves, by A. tJ. Hammond, ,1. P. 
2-5. Henrv C. Acklev and Melvina Simmernian. ijv C'. W. Young. 
28. James I{. Gelvin and .Martlia, 0. Trickle, by D. .M. Hill. M. G. 
28. Samuel .Meehm and Almeda A. Cheeseman. bv J. W. Hewitt. 
28. John L. Finley and Rebecca Trickle, bv D. M; Hill. M. (J. 
31. .John McCarthy and Mary Poil. by .\. G. Hammond. J. P. 


.Jan. 1. Ozias V. Smith and \'alina E. JMiller, bv J^ouis Benedict, M. G. 

MAKKiAuK KKcxmr) 1881-186*!. lo;; 

Jan. 1. Williai'd B. Foster and Mary Curtiss, by Alviii Abbott, M. (f. 

•' 7. Patrick McGiiire and Sarah Harty, by Father Kilkenny. 

" 1. Jos. 0. H. Spinney and Julia Bevier, by Alvin Abbott, M. (i. 

4. Harry Forman and Susannah Schanck, by A. C. Price. M. (I. 
'• ]. Archibidd Wade and Elizabeth Ijynian. by E. Pansoni, Ji'. 

•' 1(1. Wni. 11. Barton and K. M. Standard, by" A. G. Hammond. 

"' 14. Lewis Ilalsted and Harriet A. Jackson, by E. Ransom, Jr. 

" 18. Laban il. Uusfanand Susan A. Cook, bv R. 0. Dunn, M. G. 

" 11. Wm. I. Cross^md Delia M. Fuller, by l"). M. Hill. M. G. 

" 7. Charles D. Shaver and Delia Bourlier, by J. B. (Jhenowth. 

" 25. Henry Zininiernuiii and .Jacobin Wilt, by A. G. Hammond. 

" 25. Orrin Kinmouth and Hester Athei'ton, by E. Ransom, M. G. 

" 25. Oarin Maxfield, Jr., and Cvnthia Stone, bv R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

" 28. Charles Dudley and Eliza C. Bevier. by M." H. Megus, M. U. 

" 30. Peter F. Gregory and Rachel Bird, by J. W. Hewitt, P. M. 

Feb. 8. George Leigli and Margaret Knotf , by Wm. Leber, M . G . 

" 11. W. J. Hamilton and Annette Bryan, by A. J. Wright, M. (i. 

" 12. Franklin Stantcm and Ellen Riggin, by R. C. Dunn, M.G. 

'•• 13. Newton Dollison ami Mary Wliit'e, by C. M. S. Lyon, J. P. 

" 19. Peter J. Riner and Martha L. Graves, by R. C. Dunn. M. G. 

'•■ 21. Nathan Snare and Isabella Williamson, by W. E. .Martin. 

" 20. Joel Hendrirk ami Henrietta Wilson, by W, Leber, M. (t. 

" 28. John D. Essex and Mary Bunnell, by A. G. Hammond. P. P. 

" 27. Ira F. Havden and Jlarietta A'inson, by J. W. Hewitt, J. P. 

" 27. Nicholas Filior and Wyonui Andei-son,'by J. W. Hewitt, J. P. 

•• 28. Hiram Thurston and'Ormilda White, by C. M. S. Lyon, J. P. 

Mar. 2. Charles 0. Wilson and Lucinda Acer, by J. W. Hewitt. J. P. 

5. Wm. Johnson and Mary Y. Barrett, by J. W. Hewitt. J. P. 

7. Clayton A. DeWolf and Lnsetta Atherton. by David R. (lelvin. 

" !). Wm. Turnbull. Jr., and Catharine McLennan, by J. R. Harris. 

" 11. Milton Trickle and Drusilla Shirvei-?. by E. Ransom, M. G. 

" 21. dohn Wiley and Sarah C. Aten, by W. Leber, M. G. 

" 15. Ephriam S. (iarrison and Sarah ('. Pratz, l)y i). ilcCanee. 

'• 21. ('arlos B. Lyle and Mary S. Fugles, by J. R. Harris, M. (t. 

■• 22. Andrew Galbraith an<l Hannah R. Thomas, by E. P. Barkei'. 

April 4. Jacob Carr and Hhoda Jliller. by A. G. Hammond, J. P. 

" ■ S. Michael Hurini and Angeline Oveidander, by Wilson Trickle. 

•" 15. .lames Morris and Henrietta Little, bv Calvin Seldin, M. (i. 

" 11). Henry Scott and Fllen Buswell. bv J.' R. Harris, M. Cr. 

" IS. W'm.'Moffitt and Elizabeth J. Hall, by R. C. Dunn, M. (i. 

May. 2. Elwood DeWolf and Nancy Atherton, by C. M. S. Lyon, J. P. 

10. James Swank and Henrietta Kissel, by Wni. Leber. M. (J. 

•• 10. John Farrell and Harriet Poll, by C. A. Shurtlert". J. P. 

" 13. Calvin B. Rockwell and Maria L." Whiffen, by S. \. Estee. 

•' 15. Alva W. Brown aud Francis Hodgson, l)y R. C. Dunn, M. (i. 

" 15. Wm. H. II. Myers and Mary E. Shannon, by A. J. Wright. 

" 22. Samuel K. Leacox and Flora Kirkpatrick, by J. R. Harris. 

'■■' 22. Alfred Christie and Margaret Grife, by G. W. Gue, M. G. 

" 23. Charles E. Shinn and Rebecca .1. Pollok, by E. Ransom.. Jr. 

■• 24. I). J. Stimniell and Adeleide Triplett, bv S. A. Estel. M. G. 

" 27. Ezekul Ayres and Nette Bell, by Wm. "Leber, M. G. 

•• 26. Lyman B. Smith and ('lara Rliynhart, by R. C. Dunn, M.(i. 

■'■ 30. C. Swackhammer and Eliza Warden, by C. W. Young, J. P. 


June (i. lioderick ^latlicsan ami Mary A. McLennan, by N. C. Weede. 

(t. .lames Smith and Ann Kees. by C. M. S. Lyon, J. P. 

1). Clayton A. (iil:)bs and Julia Beviei-, by E. Ransom, M. 6. 

'• 10. Elezer Latfertv and Maraaret A . Ilarkness, bv 0. M. S. Lvon. 

••^ 1-^. Mark M. Lucy and Mary Berfield, by R. 0. iDunn. M-. G." 

'^(1. Edgar W. Curtiss and Kate ilcKibbon, by Father Kilkenny. 

1!). Wm. J. C'ulbertson and Anna Bevier, byR. C. Dunn, M. J. 

30. Abel Armstrong and Annie Reed. I)y X. "C. Weede, M. G. 

July 3. Andrew J. Rushing and Emma Dugan, by D. M. Hill. 

'• '.i. Luman P. Himes and Lucinda Bufluni, by L. D. Gowen. 

" 3. Alex. Murchison,, Jr., and Maggie Wede, by John IL Montgomery. 

4. Joseph M. Cree and Pliebe Christopher, by AVilliam Leber. 

4. Isaac E. Ensley and Eliza J. Barnell, byC. M. S. Lyon. 

4. William D. Freeman and Nancy Stacy, by C. M. S. Lyon. 

4. Peter M. Harkness and Marcella Reed, by Hugh Rhodes. J. P. 

13. Jonathan Thompson and Melenda Parsons, by C. M. S.Lyons. 
•• -U. Hugh Stockner and Anna Beers, by A. J. Wright, M. G. 

22. Jlenrv W. Moore and Hester S])elman, by James 15. Russell. 

'■ 2i). Samuel G. Butler and Susan Hotchkiss, by Philander Chase. 

Auo-. 9. Solomon Leighton and Sarah Snell. by James Snare, J. P. 

■• 15. Henry C'. (iriffin and Ellen Green, by A. H. Hepperly, M. G. 

30. Henry. Seeley and Alma South, by J. W. Agard, M. G. 

•■ 2U. Charles Shaner and Bell Warner, by W. J. Smith, M. G. 

••i9. James Burris and Susan A. Eastes. by James Snare, J. P. 

Sep. 3. SaxtonT. Kellogg and Honer Piester, by G. W. Shailer. 

2. Oscar G. Hixson and Sarah A. Cox, by A. G. Hammond. 

5. Albert P. Finley and Rachel Hiner. by D. M. Hill. M. G. 

0. (ieo. H. Simmermanand Eliza C' . Richmond, by C. M. S. Lyon. 

'•■ (J. Asa Taylor and C^atherine Umbaugh. by C. M. S. Lyon. 

•' 20. John M. Roach and Adeline Funk. by'W. A. Clark, M. G. 

•' 27. Thomas W. Ross and Happalonia Wilber. by W. J. Beck. 

•■ 30. Klijah Terwilliger and Mary F. Sturm, by Peter Sturm, M. G. 

•■ 30. John Whitcher and Ahna Hall, by A. G. Hammond, J. P. 

Oct. 3. Samuel S. llayden and ilaria Wilson, by William Le))er, M. G. 

■' 4. Jacob Young and Mary J . Kirkbuff, by Allen C. Miller, AL G. 

•' 8. Chas. A. Ketchen ami Abbey E. (iardiner, by L. D. Gowan. 

14. Xewill H . Blanchard and Ellen F. Stone, by Sam. G. Wright. 

15. Freeman R. Dayison and Susan A. Jewell, by James Buswell. 
1(1. Huruiou H. Hochstrasser and Cristina Drinnin, by A. J. Wright. 

•• IS. Wni. AIcKinstry and Esther Boyd, by B. C. Dennis, M. G. 

•• -.'L Amas P. Gill and Anne V. Stod"dard. by A. J. Wright, M. G. 

•• 2o. (ieorge Murray and Lucetta Woodward', byJ. H. Montgomery, 

]i). Arclu n. Tliorp and Amand Perry, by E. Rans(jm, Jr., M. G. 

•.'4. James C. Powell and Rose Holmes, by J. H. Alontgomery, M. G. 

•• 30. Wm. H. Hines and Rachel Lemoine.'by .1. W. Errett, M. G. 

30. Samuel M. Lemoine and Alma Hines, by .1. W. Errett. AL G. 

30. Alfred Poil and Mary C. Lemoine, by J. W. Fi'rett, AI. (}. 

•' 30. Ebcnezer AL Armstrong and .Martha Walliker. by Baxter C. 
Dennis, AL G. 

Noy. I. Daniel AL Beers and Eliza Bowers, by .\. S. Estee, AL G. 

;. Albert Shoemaker and Maggie J. Snare, by W. E. Alartin, AL G. 

■■ 11. (ieo. W. Pate and ALirtlui Gnitry, by H. R. Halse\^ J. P. 

■• 11. Wm. W. Alorsc and Alary J. AloVe, by B. L.Lombard. AL G. 



Nov. 8. 

'■ 10. 

'• 15. 

■• 29. 




Shelden P. ifavliew and Kdsa Dickenson, by E. Ransom, Jr. 
John L. Addis and Margaret R. Coleman, by II. Tiffany, M. G. 
Royal Ijafferty and .Sarah Jane Atherton, by E. Ransom, M. G. 
Henry B. Perry and Rebecca 0. Dewey, by R. C. Dunn, M. fJ. 
Daniel J. Walker and Stella I). Rhodes, by L. Dow Gowan, M. G. 
Patrick O'Donnell and llonora Shea, by Father Kilkenny, C. P. 
Jasper X. Kitterman and Philinda Mix, by I. W. Searle, J. P. 
John L. Kennedy and Amanda Siiaw, by J. Cavitt, M. G. 
Rowland T. Lake and .Jennie E. Ilurd, by Horace Tiffany, M. G. 
Lewis E. Morton and Charlotte J. Christopher, by II. Tiffany. 
Simeon C. Chamberlain and Sarah Jane Cress, 11. R. Ilalsey. 
Thomas A. Foster and Xancy Bangs, by Alvin Abbott. M. G. 
Wm. Nicliolas and Marv M. Colwell, bv R. C. Dunn, M. G. 

"What a fund of histoi-y there is in this ])lain record of the lieg-in- 
nings of many families whose lives are linked with the jirogress of 
this county. Fortunately for the county, the lessons inculcated of 
temperance and virtue boi'e fruit, and in alnu^st every instance carried 
with them happiness and prosperity. 



T seems as if there were something in partial isolation of 
mankind that develops the kindlier feelings of the human 
soul, enlarges its better impulses, and recreates mankind 
into more nearly the image of the true man. And this is 
true even of these men, some of whom led wild lives, and 
this was i)ut the excrescent gTowtli of the circumstances in 
which they were ])laced, and in no way affected tlie manli- 
ness of character wliich develoj^ed itself. It seems, indeed, 
as if it were a wise provision of nature that the openingof 
new countries should be attended with a renewal of the sim- 
])ler life of man, and thus introduce new blood into the 
world of civilization. Few today can undei'stand the feelings which 
animated the pioneer men and sustained them under every difficulty. 
Fewer still are they who comprehentl the feelings of the pioneer women 
as they contemplated their surroundings and looked into the future, 
the horizon of which was darkened by discouragement and gloom. 
And yet they faltered not, but sustained their husbands by a trust in 
the outlook that was constant, and boi'e an abundant harvest. As 
wives, they were the most agreeable of companions ; as friends, the 
most faithful and affectionate; as mothers, gentle as children ever had 
the misfortune to lose, who corrected the most jiernicious of evils Ijy 
the most tender management. Prudent from affection, though most 


liberal of nature, they practiced economy from the love they bore 
their husbands, and at critical periods, preserved order in affairs from 
the care of which those husbands were relieved; she reclaimed her 
choice from despair, urged his indolence to exertion, and constantly 
admonished him to industry, integrity and manhood. The early set- 
tlers of Stark were naturally temperate and religious, and to them is 
due in greater measure, the enviable place which the county holds 
today in moral and physical, as well as financial strength. 

The Stark County Mutual Protection Society, organized August 12, 
1848, to oppose the operations of horse-thieves and gamblers, may be 
credited as being the initial association of pioneers, which led to the 
formation of many, if not all, of the secret and benevolent, agricult- 
ural and religious associations of the county in after years. The first 
meeting was held in the court house at Toulon. Myrtle G. Brace was 
temporary President ; Hugh Rhodes, Secretary, and Wheeler B. Sweet, 
Organizing Secretary. Precinct committees were apjiointed as fol- 
lows: Toulon — William Ogle, O. Wliitaker and George Buchanan. 
MassiUon — Edward Trickle, Thomas S. Clark and Allen Greenlee. 
La Fdijdte — Jacob Emery, William Pi-att and if. Atherton. fryo- 
/y(/;i^—Capt. Butler, James Ilolgate and Joseph Newton. Osceola — 
William Dodd, John Lyle and Walter Fuller. Constitution and by- 
laws were reported. At this juncture Dr. Chamberlain moved the 
adoption of a resolution favoring an anti-gaml)ling society in conjunc- 
tion with the anti-horse-thief organization. The repijrt was amended 
so as to cover this resolution, and the constitution adopted and signed. 
The oi'iginal members were : Conrad Emery, George A. Worley, 
Henry Butler, Thomas Hall, Minott Silliman, Joseph P]merv, Lewis 
Perry, Elijah McClenahan, E. Trickle, M. Chamberlain. T. S. Clark, 
William J>owin, David Emery, Henderson Truman, J. Emery, Jesse 
Emery, John Dodd, I. Ackley, J. Puchty, John Pollok, Peter E Pratt, 
M. Atherton, William M. Pratt, Joseph' Atherton, Hiram S. Albright, 
Joseph Cox, Henry Brice, O. Whitakti', Jose|ih Newton, Lemuel Dor- 
rance, W. XL Butler, John Pi'yor, Thomas Lyle, A. li. Butler, William 
Ogle, W. T. Fuller, Andrew Ilroy, W. M. Rose, Jacob Sumner, George 
Sumner, George Sheets, Hugh fihodes, W. B. Sweet, J. W. Hender- 
son, J. H. Barnett, H. White, Henry T. Ives, Nathan Snare, W. E. 
Elston, Joseph R. Newtou, I'hilip \^^unson, Thomas J. Hendei'scm, 
William O. Sment, John Turnbull, IJradv Fowler. Walter Fuller. Ja- 
cob Ilolgate, M. G. Brace, Isaac Thomas, 'S. G. AVright. William Hall, 
Samuel G. Butler, Samuel Thomas, Ira Ward, William Moore, William 
Lyle, A. W. Harod, Matthias Sturm, Henry Sturm, Joseph Blanchanl, 
Christian Gingrich and Thonuis Dugan. 

The revival of the anti-horse-thief organization was attempted 
August 10, IStJO, and on the 24th, resolutions were adc^pted, asking 
the supervisors to consider the sul)ject (xeneral Henderson delivered 
an historical atldress before a meeting of old settlers in ISO."), but there 
is no account whatever of the meeting being duly organized. A nu^et- 
ing of old settlers was held at Toulon, January 2, 1806, for the 
purpose of organizing a society. Dr. Thomas Ilall presided, with 
Oliver White as Secretary. A committee was a])pointe(l to lake a 


census of all the ])ersons then in the county who were here April 4, 
lS8!t. Tlie members were : W. W. Winslow, Osceola; M. G. Brace, 
Elmira; Lewis Terrv, Goshen; C. L. Eastman, Toulon; James llol- 
gate, Penn; W. Trickle, W. Jersey ; Harry Hull, Valley; and W. IT. 
Butler, Essex. At this meeting, also, T. J. Henderson. C. L. P^astman 
and C. M. S. Lyon were appointed to arrange for a meeting on April 
4, 18<)6. The census referi'ed to was taken in a few townships, as 
noted in townshiji history, and there the sul)ject dropped not to be 
revived for twelve vears. 

The following letter addressed to Oliver Whitaker by W. II. Butler, 
dated, ])i'ayt(_)n, Andub(m ('o., la., June 2f, 1880, accom[)anied a, liistory 
of the beginnings of the ( )ld Settlers' Association : " For several months 
I have been so unsettled that I have not felt inclined to attend to any 
business, though I have kept constantly in view my responsibilities as 
secretary of the Stark County Old Settlers' Society, and my duty to 
you as its president. At last, from copious notes, I have macle out my 
report and send it herewith. * * * * * * There is an omission 
of IMr. Phelps' name as to the executive committee, who j^ou know was 
appointed the year previous. * * * * Please fill as you would 
have it done. I would ask it as a personal favor that you would allow 
my friend, E. H. Phelps, to read these minutes at the next meeting. 
-::- -::- -::• ■::■ j send also proceedings of the initial meeting of the 
society. * * * * They are to Ije signed l)y the temporary pres- 
ident and secretary. With my best regards to Mr. Whitaker, etc., etc." 

From the original document referred to in this letter, we learn that 
long prior to the fall of 1878, a number of old settlers meditated a per- 
manent organization, and with that object before them held one or two 
meetings of a festive business character. The War of the Union was 
the principal obstacle to organization. A decade and a half had passed 
away before the suljject of pennanent organization was again seriously 
considered. On December 1?>. 187S, a day when "the severest snow- 
stornx that had been experienced for years was raging," about 150 old 
settlers and their friends assembled at the Toulon House, and there 
shared with one another the pleasures which old acquaintance under 
olden circumstances could alone summon up. A feast was held, and 
then the assembled men and women moved to the town hall to con- 
sider the question of organization. There the meeting was called to 
order by lienjamin Turnei'. Oliver Whitaker was chosen temporary 
chairman, and E. H. Phel[)s, secretary. Minott Silliman, Benjamin 
Turner and James Holgate were appointed a committee on resolutions 
expressive of the sense of the meeting in re organization. This com- 
mittee re])orted in favor of organizing "The Stark County Old Settlers' 
Society" and of making a quarter century's residence a test of mem- 
bership. This resolution was ado])ted and the election of otlic(»i's pro- 
ceeded with. Oliver AVhitaker was chosen ])resident ; W. H. ISutler, 
secretary; Benjamin Turner, treasui'er; Edwin P>ntlei', E.H.Phelps 
and Dr. W.T. Hall, executive committee. It was then agreed that the 
first annual meeting of the society should be held September 1, 1870, 
at the County Court House. 

After business, Charles Myers, the toast-master, presented the follow- 


ing special subjects to be spokeii to : (1) " The Pioneer Ministry," 
responded to bv Elder Keane; (2) " Our Earliest Settlers," bv Deacon 
Norman Butler; (3) "The Stark County Bar," by Hon. M'. Shallen- 
1)erger; (1) "The Press." by E. H.Phelps; (5) "Education," by B. F. 
Thompson; (0) "The Physician," by Dr. W. T. Hall. Benjamin 
Turner moved a vote of thanks to the several committees and 
especially to the ladies. Mr. Sliallenberger moved a vote of thanks 
to Mr. Stockner for his kindness in oj)ening his house to the old 
settlers so generously and freely. The motions were cari'ied and the 
first meeting of the old settlers of Stark county was something of the 

The first annual meeting of the society was held in the court house 
square, September 3, 1879. The officers present were Oliver Whitaker, 
Toulon, president ; vice-presidents : Levi Eckley, West Jersey ; D. J. 
Hurd, Goshen ; Jefferson Trickle, Essex ; Brady Fowler, Toulon ; M. 
B. Parks, Elmira; E. CoJgan, A^alley; James Flolgate, Penn ; W. 
W. Winslow, Osceola; ti'easurer, Benjamin Turner; secretary, 
^y. H. Butler. The executive committee were Dr. T. W. Hall, Edwin 
Butler and E. H. Phelps. The officei's having taken their places with 
the invited guests ujion the platform, and the audience comfortably 
seated, a thousand strong, the Toulon cornet band, Eugene Shallen- 
l)erger, leader, delighted the assemblage with some very excellent 
music. The secretary then read the report of the initial meeting of 
the society, held the year previous, E. II. Phelps acting as secretary, 
after which the president read the ])rogramme of exercises for the day. 

By request, the venerable Elder Stickney offered prayer, wliich was 
followed by the Toulon Glee Club singing "AVe Come Home Again." 
This club comprised Mrs. A. T. Iliggins, oi-ganist ; Mrs. Lawrence, Miss 
"Pauline Sliallenberger, ]Miss Ada l^lielps. Miss Ida Moslier, Miss Ida 
Smith, ilr. X. J. Smith, ]\Ir. D. J. AValker and Mr. C;iyde Lyon. The 
election of officers for the ensuing year resulted as follows : President, 
Oliver AVhitaker of Toulon; vice presidents : John Finley of Toulon, 
Levi Eckley of AVest Jersey, Jefferson Trickle of Essex, J. D. Ilhodes 
of Goshen, Andrew Oliver of Elmira, E. Colgan of A'allev, James IIol- 
gate of Penn, AA'^. AVinslow of Osceola,; treasurer, Benjamin Turner of 
Toulon ; secretary, AV. II. Butler of AVyoming. 

Hon. Martin Shallenbei'ger delivered the addi-ess of welcome. The 
executive committee electetl wei'e (_)rlando Brace, Levi Silliman and 
Henry Perry. At this meeting Captain Thompson brought up the 
resolution to erect a monument to Dr. Hall. This was carried and a 
committee on sul)scriptions appointed. General Henderson delivered 
an address. 

Thesecond annual and third general reunion of pioneei's was held at 
Toulon, Sejitember 9, 1880. Oliver AVhitaker presided, with Captain 
Thompson acting secretary. Judge AVi'ight delivered the adtlress of 
welcome, and Miles A. Fuller, the annual or historical address. The 
election of officers resulted as follows : Oliver AVliitaker, ])resident ; 
B. F. Thonqison, secretary; Benjamin Turner, treasurer. I). J. Hurd 
of (xoshen, I. AV. Shaw of Osceola, 1!. II. lirown of AVest Jersey, Robert 
Hall of Elmira, Henry Colwell of Essex, Wm. Eagelston of Toulon, AV. 


n. Wliitten of I'cuii. Will. Dawson oi' \'ulley, were all elected vice- 
presidents. The president appointed Thoma.s II. Maxfield, J. F. 
Rhodes and F. W. Fuller, executive committee. Elder Stickney was 
chaplain, while the Toulon Choral Union, with Miss Lottie Brace at the 
oroan, discoursed the music. 

Captain Thoni])son read the list of deaths during the year 1879-80, 
giving ages, as follows : Mrs. Elvnira Allen, 47 ; Dennis Mawbey, 63 ; 
Miss Louisa M. Culbertson, 25 ; Mrs. Sibella E. Armstrong, 70 ; Mrs. 
Sarah Deifenderfer, 58; Otis T. Gardner, 71; Ansel M. Gardner, 78; 
Joseph D. Rhodes, 60 ; John Schenck, 57 ; Mrs. S. Callisson, 26 ; Mrs. 
John ILOgle, 40; Thomas Winn, 79; Peter Sheets, 91; Lewis Perry, 73. 

Thomas AVinn, at the time of his deatli, had been a resident of this 
state 48 years, and of this county 45 years. lie lia,d six sons, Madison, 
Jefferson, Perry, William, Warren and Marsh, all of whom are now 
living excejit Jefferson. The oldest, Madison, attended the first regu- 
larly organized school in this county, and is the oldest person now 
living who attended school as a pupil in this county. He resides near 
AVest Jersey, has been 49 years a ;-esident of this state, and 30 years a 
school director. The oldest pioneer of Stark county now living'isMrs. 
Susannah Miner, the widow of Harris W. Miner. Mrs. iliner's maiden 
name was Smith. She was born in Lincoln county, Massachusetts, 
March. 11,1 798, and is therefore over S2 years old. From Massachusetts 
she moved to Wheeling county, Virginia, April, 1814 ; from there to 
Licking county, Ohio, April, 1816 ; and thence to Essex in this county, 
Se|)tember, 1829, since which time, for 51 years, she has been a resident 
of this county. She was married to Harris AV. Miner. October 29, 1832. 
She still enjoys good health. Air. Perry H. Smith is the oldest living 
native of Stark county, he being the first child born in the territory 
now composing this county, who is now living. 

The third annual or fourth reunion of the association was held Sep- 
tember 1, 1881. The officers elected were: president, Oliver AVhitaker ; 
vice-]iresidents: AVest Jersey, Jonathan Pratz ; Goshen, E. S. ]-!uffom ; 
Essex. Henry Colwell ; T(julon. Major AL Silliman ; Elinira. Andrew- 
Oliver; Valley, AVm. Dawson ; Penn, James Snare; Osceola. Edward 
P. AV right; treasurer. Benjamin Turner; secretaiy, B. F. Thompson; 
executive committee, J. M. Brown, AV. AV. AA^right and Samuel Burge. 
Aides A. Fuller delivered the address of welcome. General Thomas J. 
Henderson, the annual address, Rev. D. G. Stouffer, the prayer, and 
the Toulon Glee Club, consisting of Messrs. Samuel Burge aiid Adna 
Smith, Airs. Lawrence and Miss Plie][)s, Airs. Burge, organist, then sang, 
" AVe Come with Song to Greet you." The secretary read the list of 
deaths, giving name, residence and date of death as follows : AVyoming. 
— John'B. Brown, Alav 18, 1881; Airs. J. B. Brown, June 30, 1881 ; 
Miss Nellie Johnson, f'ebruarv 11, 1881 ; Airs. B. Crone, August 28, 
1880; Mrs. Anna Curfman, March 22, 1881. Elmira.— John Grife, 
April 18,1881; AVm. D. Blanchard, Alay 11,1881. Osceola.— Alary 
T. Gardner, Alarch 27, 1S81 ; Airs. Pho'be Smith, June 29, 188i. 
Goshen. — Alicliael Nowlan, Alarch 5, 1881; Airs. Ann Bradley, Jul v 9, 
1881 ; Airs. Susannah Aliner, July Kl, 1881; Airs. Thomas Dugan, May 
10, 1881 ; Luther Geer, June 27, 1881 ; Robert Moore, August 26, 18Si. 


West Jersey. — Josej)!! DeWolf, 1881. Toulon. — A. R. Reniington, 
May 6, ISSl ; Mrs. Elizabeth Fast. July 28, 1881. Essex.— Mrs. Jeff- 
erson Trickle, August 28, 1881. Kansas. — Mrs. Samuel G. Wright, 
1880. Toulon.— Ik'iijamin Packer, 8r., August 31, 1881. Penn. — 
Mrs. Jane A'ewton, ]\iarch 11, 1881 ; Alex. Kissenger, October 18, 1880. 
Modena. — Mrs. J. II. Vernon, 1881. Toulon. — Mrs. Jose])li Perry, 
March 30, 1881 ; Elisha Mosher, March ti, 1881 ; Jacob Wagner, May 
12, 1881 ; Mrs. S. Co^vperth\vaite, May 20, 1881 ; Oliver ]\Iahany, 
April 19, 1881. Osceola. — Alex. H. Brock, January 11,1881. (4oshen. 

— Jonas Butler, July 20, 1881. Essex. — Wm. R. Shinn, December 12, 
1880. Lamar, Mo.— Nancy Perry, Nov. 5, 1880. Grinnell, Iowa. — 
Elizaljeth Marvin, April IT," 1881. Red Oak, Iowa. — James AV. Hewitt, 
November 9, 1880. Victoria, 111.— Lewis Finch, July 30, 1881. 
Southern 111. — Isaac B. Essex, 1878. Peoria. — Archibald Avers, 
December 21, 1880. Essex.— Mrs. Clarinda Colwell, January 22, 1880. 
Goshen. — Mrs. B. M. Jackson, December 21, 1880 ; Simeon L. Williams, 
August 16,1881. Shelby Co., 111.— John C. Jones. February, 1881. 
At this meeting Dr. Chambei'lain announced that $111 were collected 
toward the Dr. Hall monument. The four county clerks, O. Whitaker, 
T. J. Henderson, JMiles A. Fuller and D. J. Walker were present, while 
Messrs. Henderson, Shallenberger and Andrew Baldwin sang " Auld 
Lano- Syne." 

The" meeting of September 7, 1882, was one mai'ked by soci;il ami 
intellectual success. A large contingent from Kewanee and neighl)or- 
ing towns helped to swell the ranks of the old settlers of Stai-k, so that 
when Pi-esident Whitaker called the meeting to order, a number of 
these, to him familiar faces of olden times, turned toward the chair. 
Addressing them he explained the wide difference between the chair- 
man's gavel — nothing less than one of Judge Finley's croquet mallets 

— and the mallet of olden days, and made sundry ijuaint comparisons 
between the past and jiresent. The Toulon liand discoursed sweet 
music, Uev. E. V. Cady offered prayer, and the Glee Club, rejjresented 
bv Samuel Purge. Carrie Purge, John AValker, Mrs. G. S. Lawrence, 
Lucretia Flint and Newton Smith, rendered one of their favoi'ite songs 
Letters were then read from S. A. Dunn and J. M. Dunn, Grinnell, la., 
one from Amelia M. Perry, announcing the death of James L. Perry on 
August 1, 1882; one from "Long John" Wentworth to Samuel Purge; 
one from Pranson Lowinan, dated Hastings. Neb.; one from S. S. 
Kaysbier, Seneca, Kan.; one from S. G. Putler. Farragut, la.; one from 
W." H. Putler, Cheney, Neb.; one signed ''Jose])!) Planchard and 
family." Island Lake, i3urton, P. O. Kan.; one from (\ II. Prace. Pekin. 
111.; and one from S. G. Wright, Brookville, Kan. A list of deaths 
in the old settler's circle was also read, covering the ])eriod from Sep- 
tember, 1881. to date of meeting. The list of deaths comprises the 
names of Rev. J. (t. Agard. who came in 1836 and died at Chicago, 
October 11, 1881; Rulotf Parrish, of Goshen, died March 12, 1882, 
settled here in 1837; Mrs. Theodosia Moon, settled in ls33, died Octo- 
ber 1. 1881, at Elinira; Robert Mitchell settled in 1838, died at Toulon 
in July, 1881. Mrs. Lydia Magljy's death was rei)orted with dates; 
Ellis Devine died at Galva in August, 1882, settled here in 1841 ; John 


Drinnin dieil at Toiil(jii in issi, settled licre in 1844; Ilii^h Kiuxles, 
who came at this time, died in (Toshen July 14, 18S2; William Turn- 
l)ull died at Eliiiini July 12, 18S2, settled there in 1849; Mrs. Judith 
Tap]), of Toulon, dieu in 1882, settled here in 1851; Elder John Sar- 
geant came in 1853, died in Peoria in July, 1882; Mrs. Isaljella 
Shriyers. of Essex, settled liere in 1853. died in 1882; Jolm Jlclntosh 
died in West Jersey in 1S82, settled here in 1853; Mrs. Deborah Rat- 
clitf died at AVyoming in 1882. settled here in 1852 ; Ste])]ien I). Easton, 
a settler of 1853, died in (rushen in 1882; J. S. Ilaxton came in 1858. 
died in Goshen in Sejjteniber. 18Sl; James L. Perry came in 1S5T, 
died in Io\ya in 1882; Joel S. Wilson came in 1858, died in Penn town- 
slii]) in 1882; James G. Armstrong died in Iowa in 1881; Mrs. Frail 
died in Goshen in 1882; llavilah ]>. Joimson at Peoria in ()ctol)er, 
1881; Mrs. Julia Newton at Elmira. August 24, 1882; yquire Parrish. 
without dates; Dayid L. Sterling died at IJradford. June 23, 1882, and 
Mrs. Vernon at ^lodena. July 3, 1882. 

The election of officers resulted as follows: O. Wliitaker, ])resi- 
dent ; Benjamin Turner, treasurer; John M. Brown, secretary; Wells 
White, II. M. Hall and Dexter Maxfield, executiye committee. The 
yice-presidents were John Lackie. Osceola ; Theo. Whitten, Penn ; 
Henry Blood. A'alley ; Andrew Oliyer. Elmira; Geo. W. Dewey, 
Toulon ; Edward Ti-icle. Essex ; Minot Silliman. Goshen ; Leyi Eckle}', 
West Jersey. Addresses were delivered liy James A. and D. W. Hen- 
derson, Norman Butler and others. 

In the letter of S. G. Wright the following historical facts are given : 
"I remember spending my first night in 8tark coi;ntj% Jul}'' 2, 1840. 
On the morning of the 3d, in passing through Osceola Grove, I saw a 
jJeasantJooking old lady walking amid the tall shady oaks, knitting 
as she walked and ready to give the information which we needed, viz.: 
' the direct road to Providence.' It was good Mother Parks. I learned 
from her of several settlers there from Vermont, remembering es\^e- 
cially James Buswell. Isaac S]>eucer, Riley Chamlierlain and Church 
Sturtevant. I did not move my family into the county until the fall 
of 1841, nor become much acquainted with any of these families until 
the fall of 1842." Speaking of the sokliers of iStark. he writes : " May 
we profit liy the inheritance their toil and blood have secured us." 
Speaking of temperance, he writes: "In Kansas we secured a consti- 
tutional amendment to prohilnt the manufacture and sale of intoxicat- 
ing drinks. God hasten the day when you shall achieve the same for 
Illinois. May Stark county be foremost for it." 

In S. S. Kaysbier's letter, he says: "As the first drugg-ist in Stark 
county, and one among tlie first m journalism, I may rank as a pioneer. 
Thii'ty-one years ago (now 3G) I rented of John Culbertson tlie old 
' Red End,' on north side of public square, at 85 per month. It was 
in that building that Mr. Culbertson made most of his fortune, but a 
second fortune was too much to ask of that rickety wooden house. 
* * * * I sat on the porch of Cooley's hotel the night of my 
arrival, and there I heard Prof. Donaldson's singing school pupils' 
voices distinctly, as they were wafted from the old court house." 

The meeting of September (i, 1883, was held in the public stjuai-e 


at Toulon. The following named otlicei's were elected: O. Whitaker, 
president; Dr. II. M. Hall, secretaiy; Benjamin Turner, treasurer. 
The vice-presidents are: A. J. Finley, West Jersey; Minott Silliman, 
(loshen ; Henry Colwell, Essex ; Isaac Thomas, Toulon ; Col. William 
Jackson, Elmira; George Marlatt, Yalley; Daniel Phenix, Penn, and 
E. P. Wright, Osceola. Executive committee: Perry Winn, Chauncey 
Miner and William H. Xewland. 

Elder Stickney offered prayer, the Glee Club rendered tiie music, 
giving Todhunter's pioneer song among others. James A. Henderson 
delivered the address of welcome, and Captain Brown read the death 
roll as follows : Names of old settlers who died dui'ing the year ending 
September t!, 1SS3. and reported at the annual reunion, 1SS3: John C. 
t) wings, died in (Jherokee county, la., September 16, 1SS2, aged S3 
years; originally settled in Fulton county in 1825, resided in Stark 
county a short time, removed to Carroll county, where he resided lo 
years, removed to Iowa; voted at the first election in this county. 
Sarah Thomas, wife of Owen Thomas, died at Toulon township, Sep- 
tember 20, 1882, aged fi2 ; a resident of this county 29 years. Polly 
Crandall (lied at Caput, Mo., October 1, 1882, aged 85; became a resi- 
dent of this county in 1840, removed to Missouri in 1880; a resident 
of this county io years. Isaac W. Searl died at Bradford, October 2, 
1882, aged 69 ; a i-esident of this county 44 years. Rebecca Fowler, 
wife of Brady FoAvler, died in Toulon township, October 14, 1882, 
aged 76 years ; a resident of this county 46 years. Jane Johnson, wife 
of Aaron Johnson, diefl at West Jersey, Novembei- 3, 1882, aged 72 ; a 
resident of this county since 1849. AVilliam Chamberlain died at Tou- 
lon, November 2, 1882, aged 65; resident of this state 41 yeai's and of 
Toulon 36 years. Finley Matheson died in Elmira, December 26, 1882, 
aged 63 ; came to this county 30 years ago. Mrs. Jehile Kissell, 
daughter of John Mcintosh, died at West Jersey, December 12. 1882, 
born in Stark county, aged 29. Royal L. Pratz died in West Jersey 
townsliip, January 16, 1883, l)orn in Stark county, aged 2<; years. 
James S. Jackson,' son of H. H. Jackson, died in Taylor county, Iowa, 
January 7, 1883; removed to Iowa in 1SS2. Mrs. Clinton FulU'f died 
at Elmira, January 25, 1883, aged 63 years; resided in county about 30 
years. James Ingels, of La Fayette, died in Florida, January 27, 1883, 
aged 6)3; resident of this county 29 years; his death was caused by the 
accidental discharge of his gun while limiting. Daniel D. Stone died 
in Toulon township, February 7, 1883, aged 7o ; resident of county 27 
years. Sylvester Sweet died at Toulon, February 8, 1883, aged 88 ; a 
resident of the county 42 years; a soldier in the war of 1812. James 
Darby died in Henry county. 111., Febriiery 12, 1883, aged 78; came to 
this county in 1848.' John Finley died at Toulon, February 28, 1883, 
aged 81 ; a resident of the state 49 years and of this county 45 years ; 
he was clerk at the first election held in the county ; was the second 
sheriff of the county, served three terms; was county judge one term, 
and justice of the peace for many years. Susanna McCoy died in 
West Jersey townsliip. May 6, 1883," aged 57; resident of county 30 
years. Edward Nixon died' at Toulon, May 8, 1883, aged 59 ; resided 
in this state 53 years and in this county 27 years. Belle Grieve, 



(liiughter of Rol)ert Grieve, died in Toulon townshi)), Ajirii 23, ]ss:j, 
aged 20 ; horn in Stark county. Owen Thomas, Jr., died at Oska- 
ioosa, la.. Ma roll -M), 1SS3, aged 32; came to this count}^ in 1854, re- 
moved to Iowa in isTH. William R. Legg died at f Mark, Neh., May 11, 
1S,S3; a former I'esident of T.iulon. lilioda E. George died in Einiira 
township, ^[arch 24. lss3, aged 51; resided in county 48 years. 
Charles II. Maxfield died in -lefferscm county, Neh., May 23. 'lS83, 
aged 40 ; born in the county. Catherine Porter died in West Jersey 
township, May 2f!. 1883, aged !)6; resident of state and county 4!i 
years. Mahala Young, wife of O. W. Young, died at West Jersey, 
June 1, 1883, aged 54; came to Illinois in 1S44 and to this county in 
1854. Robert jMcClenahan died at Sigourney, la., June 11, 1SS3, aged 
45; l)orn in the county and removed to Iowa about 1.S5<1. i'resley 
Colwell died in Nodaway county. Mo., June, 1S83, aged 72; came to 
this county in 1837. removed to Missouri in 1879. Charles M. Teeter 
died at Wyoming, June 13, 1S83, aged 6(5 ; came to Marshall county in 
1855 and to Stark in 1858. Orson Grant died at La Fayette, June 14, 
1883, aged 3!t ; born in the county. Charles Jin^dan. father of Roltert 
and John Joi'dan, died at Wv(jmiiig, June, 1S83, aged 83; settled in 
Ohio in 1812, afterward went to Iowa, where he remained until a few 
years ago, when he came to Wvoming, and resided with his sons. 
Mrs. Mary C^ Riggen died in Iowa, June 28, 1883, aged (i5; came to 
this county about 1844. Eliza A. Henry, wife of James R. Henry, 
died at AVest Jersey, July 1, 1883, aged 02 ; resided in county 32 years. 
Eleanor Trickle, wife of Washington Trickle, died at Elmwood, I^eo- 
ria county, July 15, 1883, aged 7(1; came to this county in 1830, i-e- 
moved to Peoria county in ISOti. Thomas Nichols died at Elmira, 
July 22, 1883; resident of state and county about 49 years. Mrs. Al- 
len Atherton, daughter of Lewis Williams, died in Goshen township, 
July 31, 1883, aged 22; born in this county. Jonas B. Ballentine, of 
Toulon, died at Monica, Peoria county, August 3, 1883, aged (')8 ; resi- 
dent of county 40 years, ilarian Grieve, (laughter of Robert Grieve, 
died in Toulon townshii), August 17. 1SS3, aged 22; Ijoi'u in the county. 
Ora E. Pratz, son of Jonathan Pratz, died at. West Jersey, August 23, 
18S3, aged 21 ; born in the county. J. M. Hurd died at AYest Jersey, 
August 25, 1883, aged 05; resident of countj'^ 27 years. John Pilgrim 
died at Galva, Septendier 1, 1883, aged 77; came to county in 1852. 

A number of valualde historical letters were read before this meet- 
ing, references to which ai'e made in other pages. 

Tiie old mill brought here in 1830, and owned by S. G. Breese, was 
placed on the grounds during the old settlei-s I'eunion of 1883. 

The seventh annual reunion of the old settlers was held at Toulon, 
August 20, 1884. A. P. Miller delivered the address of welcome. Dr. 
Copestake described Stark county as he found it on his arrival here. 
A. G. ILimmoiuI, who settled at Wyoming thirty-four years before this 
meeting when a boy of si.xteen years, tlelivered ;tn historical address. 
Henry G. Little was here at the organization of the county, and 
related some pleasing facts of tliat time. C. ('. Wilson, the lirst super- 
visor from Valley township, delivered an interesting speech ; and the 
president, Oliver Whitaker, explained all about the exhumed log, which 


lay on the platform ; the time it grew where the court-house now 
stands, when it was used in liridging the slough on Main street, and 
its discovery while repairing a bi'idge at this place in lsS4. George 
X. Brown, tiien of tlie Wyoming Iferuhl. now of the Peoria Transcript, 
said some i)retty things of the pic^neers. A list of men and women 
who died since the last reunion was read, and next a large nnnd)er of 
interesting letters from old settlei's, who could not respond to invita- 
tions to be present, were read. The Cilee Club, represented bv R. J. 
Dickinson, D. J. AValker, F. W. Lyon, L. L. Long. :\[rs. Ida M" Swee- 
deen, Mrs. M. S. Higgins, Misses Edith Dickinson, I'ird Thoi'nton. and 
Mattie White. The officers elected wei'e: Oliver Wliitaker, jii'esident; 
Dr. 11. ]\r. Hall, secretary; Benjamin Turner, treasui'cr; the vice-])resi- 
dents chosen were: Eccless West, W. Jersey; G. II. Redtield, Goshen ; 
P. P. Johnson, Toulon; Henry C'olwell, Essex; Gyrus Bocock, Penn; 
Samuel Wrigley, Valley ; John liOcker, Osceola, and Myrtle Brace, 

The death-roll for the year ending August 1, 1884, is made up as 
follows: Mrs. Mary Hoffman, of W. Jei'sey. died September 10, 1883, 
aged 71 years. Mrs. Barbara E. Smith, daughter of John P^niery and 
a- resident of the county for forty-four years, died April 21, 1883, aged 
52 years. Mrs. Frances Barnes, daughter of Sewell Smith, formerly of 
Essex township, died at Lincoln, Neb., August 10, 1883. Mrs. Mary A. 
Gruchfield, daughter of the late David Cooper and for twent^'-seven 
years a resident here, died in Essex townshi]!, January 1, 18S4. aged 7fi 
years. Mrs. Elizabeth Chaffee, widow of Jai'vil Chaffee, formei'ly of 
Essex township, died in Taylor county, la., March 3. lss4. aged 80 
years. Allen Stimmell, died in West Jersey township, January 4, 1884. 
Mrs. Joseph De Wolf died in AV^est Jersey township, January li>, 1884, 
aged 54 years. Mrs. Martha A. Myers, died in Toulon, January 23, 
1S84; she came here in 1855. Mrs. Kate Ilogie died near Toulon, 
January 23, 1SS4. in her 33d year. David McCance died at Toulon, 
February lit. Is84, aged t>0 years; he resided here thirtv-six \'ears. 
The death of Charles AV. AV^right, J. F. Cha]3in, Mrs. Philander Pome- 
roy, Darius Panders, Miss Sarah Anderson, Mrs. Ruby Greenfield, 
Mrs. Gertrude AVagner. C\ S. Fidper. H. S. Johnson, James A. Hender- 
son, Stacy Cowjjerthwaite, Mrs. Amelia Butler. Jefferson Trickle, S. P. 
Fast, George Ilarvey. Andrew Swartz, Lucy P. Cooley, John Miller, 
Mrs. Margaret R. Hawkes, Patric-k Cavanaugh, Cyrenius Dewey and 
AVilliam Thomas — each one is noticed in the township histories. Let- 
ters were read from N. P. Cross, of Pleasanton, Kan.; John AI. Burns, 
of Orion, 111.; Cyrus Shinn, of Eagle S])rings, Kan.; B. F. Fuller, AVash- 
ington, b. C; J. E. Bush, Beatrice, Keb.; David Fast, Irwin, AIo.; 
Daniel AV. Henderson, Jefferson, la.; A. J. AYhitaker, AVashington. 
D. C.; Ilenrv G. Little, Grinneli. la.; AA^. E. Dunn, Galesburg. 111.; 
AV. AV. AVinslow, Osceola, 111.; S. (4. P.utler, Farragut. la. 

Henry G. Little, writing in 1884, says: " Vou ffrst tried for Coffee 
county, taking one township from IIenr\- and some from Knox. I 
worked hard to help defeat it, and we did so." David Fast, writing 
from Irwin, Mo., says : " On September 28, 1850, I came to Stark and 
lived there until September 28, 1881. In 1850 I started a harness 


slio]) ill an olil t'raiiie building sontli of uncle Norman I'utler's liouse. 
and afterward used by B. ('. Follett as a stable.'" 

The eighth annual reunion of old settlers was held August 25, 
1885. IVIiles A. Fuller delivered the address of welcome; Martin 
Shallenberger spoke on the subject of pioneer manners and customs; 
Ca]itain Thomson road letters from absent friends; T. J. Henderson 
also delivered an address, and the list of all settlers, who died since 
the last meeting, was read. The officers elected were: Oliver Whit- 
aker, president; Henry M. Hall, secretary; Eenj. Turner, treasurer; 
John F. Rhodes, Win. F. Nicholson, and Harlan Pierce, members of 
executive committee. The vice-presidents chosen were C. W. Young, 
New Jersey; Barney Frail, Goshen ; Henry Colwell, Essex; Eugene 
Lyon, Toulon; David Carrifr, Elmira ; Edward ("olgan. Valley; Wes- 
ley Brown, Penn ; and Joim Lackie. Osceola. Among tli(jse present 
were Pei'ry Smith, of Wyoming, the first white child born in this 
county, fifty-four years before this meeting; M B. Parks, who built 
the first house in Elmira township; Adam Perry, who taught the first 
school in the county; Samuel O. Brees, of AVyoming, whose parents, 
on coming here, moved into a stable, where he was born on Christmas 
day; Dr. and ATrs. L. Ilurd. who were tiie first couple married in 
Henry county. Jerome B. Thomas, of Ohio, who settled here forty- 
one years prior to this meeting, was here. O. P. Emery, of Galva, 
and Little, of Kewauee, were also here. The pioneers of fifty years' 
ago or more, present at this meeting, were Perry Smith, came fifty- 
four years ago; IMrs. Jonathan Pratz, Perry Winn, N. W. Holmes, 
Minot Silliman, each fifty-one years ago; Nelson Grant. Jacolj P^nierv, 
Barnabas Frail, Hiram Albright, (t. H. Pedfield and wife, R. 11. 
Moore, each came fifty years ago. The old settlei's, who were here 
forty years ago or more at date of eigiith reunion, are named as 
follows: M. B. Parks, Wm. Sheets, John Fowler, Wm. Ogle, Levi 
Eckley, Jonathan Pratz, Mrs. George M. Hazen, Miles A. Fuller. 
Washington Trickle, each fortv-nine vears. 

Archiltald \'andyke, Uncle Johnnie Turnbull. Dr. H. M. Hall, 
Perry (xrant, Wallace Mason, Mrs. Josiah ^Motfit. Airs. John Black. 
Samuel IJrees, Wm. Mason, Henry Colwell. each forty-eight years. 

Calvin Eastman. Oliver Whitaker and Mrs. Whitaker. Wm. Oliver. 
Wells AVhite, Barney Jackson, Wm. Sturms, Andrew Oliver, W, T. 
Leeson, Thomas Oliver, Orlando Brace, Benj. Brown, each forty-seven 

Amos Bennett, Mrs. Sarah Bennett, Mrs. Colburn l\ol)bins, Walter 
AL Fuller. AV. P. Currier, each forty six years. 

Airs. D. It. (Kelvin, J. P. lleadley, Harrison Aliner, Benj. Turner, 
Orin Maxfield, Dr. AValter Hall, each fortv-five years. 

Airs. A. Al. Snyder, A. J. Finley, Edward Nowlan, Airs. AV. AI. 
Fuller, each forty-four years. 

All's. Charles E. Shinn, S. II. Hazen, John and G. Al. Hazen. Eli 
Emery, Charles llhodes. Alichael Emery, each fortv -three years. AVm. 
AVhite. K. C. Briggs and A. J. Alaxfleld, each forty-two years. Alason 
Trickle, Isaac Thomas, Jerome B. Thomas. Charles Sturtevant, and 
Jackson Lawrence, each forty-one years. John Ogle. AVm. Sweet, 


Samuel Jones, L. P. Iliiiies, Josej)!) Atlieiton, A[rs. C. E. narrin<>ton, 
Willard Palmer, Samuel Thomas, Sylvester H. Saunders, A. C. Himes, 
Wm. Allen, David Oziah, Mrs. John P. Atherton, each forty years. 

The above seventy-live named, with others menticnied liereafter, 
constituted tlie pioneer circle in September, 1.S85. 

The pioneer necroloijy for the year was reported as follows: — Jacob 
Stinnnel died in "West Jersey township March 24, 1SS5 ; a^ied ()6 years. 
Ca]it. George AV. Buchanan died September, 18S4 in the 87tli year of his 
age ; he came with his family to this county in 1837 and remained 
here until 1853, when he moved to Davis county, Washington terri- 
torry, where he resided up to the time of his death. Christopher 
Hiner, of Chenoa, 111., died November 8, 1884, in the 80th year of his 
age; he was a resident of West Jersey townshi[) from 1849 to 186f!. 
W. L. Shirts of Galva, died November 14, 1884, aged <!2 years. He 
was a citizen of Toulon from 1854 to 1867, since which time he has 
resided in Galva. Mrs. Mary E. Austin died at her home in Elmira, Stark 
county, November 18, 1884, aged 65 years; she was the daugiiter of 
John Leeson, was married to Lewis Austin in 1838, moved to Elmira 
in 1840, where she resided to the time of her <leath. Mrs. Hannah 
(liuller died in Elmii'a, Stark county, December 30, 1884; she was 
mari'ied to Ambrose Fuller in 1816, and they settled in Elmira in 1839 ; 
her husband died in 1845, and his was the first grave in Elmii'a ceme- 
tery. Mrs. Lydia Fuller Shivvers died in Toulon, December 20, 1884, 
aged 60 years ; in 1844 she was married to Ansel Fuller in Osceola, 
l)ut they moved to Wethersfield township, where they resided until his 
death in 1863 ; Se])tember 5, 18S2, she married Ho])kins Shivvers and 
resided in Toulon until her death, ilary Pierson AVhite, daughter of 
J. D. Pierson, dietl September 8, 1884, in the 22d year of her age. II 
Blakely died in Toulon, December 26, 1884. Walter H. Blair died in 
Toulon, Decend)er 26, 1884, in the 23d year of his age. Isaac P. Spen- 
cer died in Osceola, Deceml)er 27, 1884; he was one of the first comers 
to the grove early in the thirties. William Williams died at the resi- 
dence of David Lownian, in Hastings, Neb., January 6, 1885; Mr. 
AVilliaras was a native of England, was born in 1794; came to Amer- 
ica 1839, to Stark county in 1855, where he resided until Davis Low- 
man and family moved to Nebraska, he accomjianying them. Capt. 
John P. Atherton died at his residence in Toulon, January 31, 1885, 
in the 83d year of his age; He moved from Kentucky, his native state, 
to Illinois, in 1831, and to Stark county in 1845. Daniel Woodward 
died near Bradford, January 20, 1885 ; he was an old time settler of 
Stark county. Mrs. Mary Shannon died near Des Moines, Iowa, Feb- 
ruary 6, 1885 ; she had but recently moved to Iowa from West Jersey, 
where the remainder of her life had l>een passed. Zara Newton died 
in Elmira township, Feb. 6, 1885, aged 78 years; he came to Stark 
county many years ag(x Charles Bolt died in Osceola township, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1SS5, aged 7<> years ; he came to this county in 1845, settling 
in the townshi]i in which he died. Thomas Faulconer died in Valley 
townshi]), March 18, 1885. He was a long time resident of that town- 
ship. Elijah Bocock died at Castleton, March 18, 1885, in the 87th 
year of his age; moved to Illinois in 1837, and to Stark county in 


186*3. Solomon AVilkiiison died in Essex township, April -2. 18S5. ao'ed 
88 years ; he came to this county in 1819, and settled on the farm 
where he died. Mrs. Peter Sliatfer died near Starwano, Marcii 10, 
188.5, an early settler in Stark county. IJobert Patterson died near 
Fairmount. Xel).. A})ril 1."). 18s."), aged 71 years: he came to this 
county in 18.")5 and remained liei'c until aliout two years ago. when he 
nioveil to Neliraskii. William Henry Hutler was born in Xew Haven, 
Conn., October 5, 1811, emigrated to Putnam, now Stark county, in 
1835, and in September of that year married Marj' Fuller, of Elmira : 
in 1880 he moved on to a farm near Lincoln, Neb., where lie died, IMai-ch 
29,188.5; he was a printer by trade, learing to set type in the okl 
Franklin printing otiice in Richmond, Va., in 1823; worked seven 
years with IIarj)er I.rothers and on dailies in Wall street; iifter he 
came west he was connected with the Peoria lieyister. and afterward 
with what is now the Stark ('ounty3VM'.y. Josiah Moffitdied in Essex 
township, April 17, 1885, in the 76th year of his age; he came to this 
county in 1837, settling on the farm where he died. Adam Oliver 
died in Elmira township. May s, 1S85. in the 7iith year of his age ; he 
settled in that township in is:is. .Jacob Smith died in (4alva last fall, 
in the S2d year of his age; he settled in West Jersey township in ls35 
atid lived there until I87<i. when he moved to Galva. Mrs. Catherine 
Buchanan, wife of Capt. Geo. W. Buchanan, died in Davis count v, 
W. T., July 23, 1885, in the 81th year of her age. Nathan Bevier died 
in Lafayette, July 23, 1885, in the .s8th year of his age ; he moved to 
Lafayette in 185P» and has since resided there. Daniel Gingrich ilied 
in Essex township. August 2(), 1885, aged 7(; years; he came to this 
county in 1837. Joel Goodale died in Toulon township, August 21, 
1885, in the 76th year of his age ; he came to Stark county in 1876. 
Branson Lowman died in FListings, Neb., March 13, 1885, aged 67 
years ; he came to Illinois in 1832, to Stark county in 1857, where he 
lived until 1882, when he moved to Neijraska. 'Mrs. Eachel Brown, 
daughter of Tirgil Pike, died at Frazee, Minn., January lo. lss5, one 
of Stark county's pioneers. IL V>. Dorrance died near Modeiia, March 
23, 1885, in the 48th year of his age ; he was a native of this county. 
Mrs. Robei-t Grieve died in Elmira township, March 3o, 1885, in the 
55th year of her age. Mary Ann Woodward died in Osceola town- 
ship, March 13, 1885. Mrs."^ Sarah M. Smith, formerly wife of tiie late 
Sewal Smith, died in Lafayette, March 22, 18S5, aged 77 years ; she 
came with her husband to Stai'k countv at a verv earlv clav. Mrs. 
Abby Ann Todd, wife of Maj )r C. W. Todd, died at Lafayette, Marcli 
Iti, in the 7<ith year of her age ; she came to this county with her 
husband in islo. Samuel Montooth, senior, died near Modeiia-, Febru- 
ary 16, 1885, aged 76 years. Total number: 38 — six more than last 

The meeting of August l'.>, issil, sur|)assed all other reunions in 
method of organization and nu.nber of ])ersons present. The weather, 
too, was delightful, and the old court-house gi-ove was clothed in all 
the richness of summer. The dinner was excellent in material and 
arrangement. This im]iortaiit part of the programme was carried out 
under the auspices of the Congregational society, and earned for the 


uses of that cluircli over $100. The officers elected were : Oliver Wit- 
aker, president; Jonathan Pratz, AVest Jersey; Minott Sillinian, (4o- 
shen ; John McMillan, Essex ; Isaac Thomas. Toulon ; John Tui'iihull, 
Elmira; Samuel AVrigley, Valley; Cyrus Bocock, Penn ; and John 
Lackie, Osceola, vice presidents ; I>enjamin Turner, treasvu'er; 1!. F. 
Thompson, secretary. The executive committee comjirised Orlando 
Brace, William Nolan and Chester M. Turner. Capt. Thompson acted 
as secretary of the meeting, vice Dr. Hall, removed to Kansas. To 
him is entirely due the compilation of the death roll, given as follows : 
William Dawson died at Stark, Se))teml)er 10, 1885, aged 75 years, 10 
months aiul ?> days; came to Illinois from Ross county, Ohio, in ls39, 
and lived in Valley townshiji since ls5o. Miss Louisa Colwell, daugh- 
ter of Henry Colwell, died at her home near Duncan, Octol)ei' 21, 1885, 
aged 21 years; her entire life was spent in the vicinity where she died. 
Alu-am Powers died in Penn townshi]), November il, 1885, aged 71 
years; came tf) Stark county in 1856, and lived in the county until the 
time of his deiitli. Kcjhert McKinney Pocock died at his home in Penn 
township, Ji.muiry Pi, 1886, aged (io yeai's ; came from Ohio to Fulton 
county in 1837, and in 1854 moved to Stark county, where the re- 
mainder of his life was spent; he served as justice of the peace in his 
township for sixteen years, and was serving his thirteenth year as a 
mend>er of the county Ijoard of supervisors, of which he was chairman. 
Anthony Ilobinson died at his home near AVyoming, ^[ay 21, 1SS(!, 
aged 61 years. Wai-ren Pattec died at his home in Penn townshi]). 
May 1, 1S86, aged 7-1 years. Mrs. Sandi Bennett, wife of Jei'eiiii;ih 
Bennett, died at Saxon, February ;!, ls85, aged 88 years, 2 months and 
22 days; moved to Fulton county in 1838, and the year following came 
to Stark count}', where her remaining days were spent, a i-esident for 
forty-eight years. Mrs. Keziah Young, wife of Stephen Young, died 
at Toulon, February 3,1886, aged 8('> years and 11 months; came from 
Maine to Iowa- in 1851, and in 1S58 moved to Toulon, where her days 
were ended. Thomas A. ()akes died near Toulon, March 15, 188<!, 
aged 74 years, 8 months and 10 days. I\Irs. Lucretia Kuston died at 
her daugiiter's, Mrs. Anderson, in Toulon, February 28, 1886, aged 65 
years; came to Lafayette in 1851, and lived there about one year; 
her first husljand was Homer llinies. Mrs. Sophia S., wife of Moses 
11. Weiiver, died at Osceola. A|)ril 24. 1886. Hon. James llolgate died 
at the home of his daughter, Mrs. .lohn Snare, at Snareville, jMarcli 22. 
1886, aged 81 years, 7 nujiiths and 24 days; came from Pennsylvania 
to Penn township in 1830 ; he was one of the three commissioners that 
managed the county affairs until 1849, when he was elected judge, and 
served until 1853 ; he was assessor of Penn townshi}) for sixteen years, 
and the first su])ei'visor from the township and the first chairman of 
the i)oard of supervisors in the county; in 1863 he served one term in 
the state legislature. Mrs. Ann Dixon died near Stark, March 2s. 
1886), aged 72 years; came to Stai'k county in 1851. Joseph .\tht'rton 
died near Lafayette, May 1, 1886, aged 72 years, 4 months and 13 
daj'S ; came from Ohio to Hancock county in 183ti, and from there to 
Stark county in 1845, where he t(M'minated his life. John Whit'^ died 
at Lafayette, May 8, 1835, aged 54 years, 6 months and 2S days; came 


from Ohio to Stark county in 183<), iind lived on the same place till 
the time of his death. Geo. Springer died May 1<>, 1S8(!, aged To 
years, 7 months and 9 days; came from Ohio to Stark count\' in 1S41, 
settling in Essex township, and there lived to the time of his death. 
Thomas Graves died in Essex, December 12, 188.5, ageil <i8 years, 11 
months and 14 davs. Mrs. Rebecca Dickinson, widow of Win T. Dick- 
inson, died at Lafayette, Se])tember 12. 188.5, aged 8.5 years, 11 montlis 
and 28 days. Mrs. Sarah Ileadley, wife of James Ileadley, died in 
Toulon, June 11, 188(5, aged 85 year.s, 9 months and 17 days. Mrs. 
Jane P. Sweet, wife of William Sweet, died at Toulon, June 15. 188(5, 
aged (10 years, 4 montlis and 6 days. Geo. B. Harlan died in Wyo- 
ming, November 15, 1885, aged 72 years and 2 months. i\Irs. Martha 
A. Morris, wife of (4eo. Morris, died in Toulon, December 10, 1885, 
aa'ed 48 years. Anthonv Robinson died near Wvomiiii;', Mav 2, 1S8(>, 
aged (51 years. Mrs. Elmira F. Eastman, wife of (Vilvin L. Eastman, 
died at Toulon, July 3, 1886, aged (53 years; was a resident of Stark 
county for forty two _years, and an occujiant of the same house for 
thirty-four years. Benjamin F. Young died at Toulon, July 21, 188(5, 
aged 59 years. Solomon ll. I'ass died in Toulon, Julv 3(t, 188(), aji-ed 
7t5 years, 1 month and 2d days. Spencer Fanlconer tlied in Valley, 
May 22, 188(5, aged 77 years. Mrs. Margaret Brain died near Wady 
Petra, July 2. 188(5, aged (57 years, 10 months and 5 days. Mrs. Mary 
P. Adams died near IJradl'ord, November, 1885, aged S5 years. -John 
V. Bevier died at Bradford, January 3(i, 188(5, aged 81 years. Nicho- 
las Sturm died in Osceola, March 21, 1SS(5, iiged 78 years. Mrs. Dorcas 
Gushing, wife of Geo. Gushing, died at liradt'ord, March 21*. lS8(S,agcd 
(!4 years. Micagy Swiger died in Penn, Fcbrnary 9, 1S.S(5, aged 63 
years, 8 months and 15 days. Mrs. Hannah F. Downing, wife of 
Nathan Downing, died in Penn, March 5, 188(5, aged 44 years. James 
McNulty died in Penn, June 29, 188(5, aged 72 years. Mrs. Sarah 
Harty, wife of Andrew Ilarty, (lied in Penn, July 28, 1S8(;. William 
Miner died in Southern Missouri, .luly 31, 1885. Mrs. Rosannali 
Dixon died at Peoria. Se])tember 2. 1885, aged 77 years. Mrs. Jane 
Sturm, wife of Peter Sturm, died at Cambridge, March 21, ISSO. ]VIrs. 
Fanny Smith, nee Sillinian, wife of William P. Smith, died at Princo- 
ville, April 2, 1886, aged 82 years, -lesse T. Turner died at Mai-ietta, 
Fulton county, April 28, 1S86, aged 74 years. 7 months and 13 days. 
Mrs. Porter, wife of \/illiam Porter, died at Atkinson, May, 1886. 
Mrs. Sarah F. Brown, nee Hodgson, wife t>i Alva W. nr<jwn,'died at 
Medale, Harrison county. Iowa, June 23, ISSIS; born in Stark county. 
in 1S40. Mrs. Rebecca Dickinson died at (Jalva. III.. June 24, iSsV). 
aged 81 years; Mr. Dickinson was her fourth husband. Mrs. Rebecca 
Nelson, wife of Upton Nelson, and sister of Peter Sturm, died in Mis- 
souri about the 1st of, 188('); born December is, IMS. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Whitman, mother of Thomas Gemmell, died at Peoi'ia while 
on a visit, April 18, 1S8(1. aged (19 years, S montlis and 14 days ; she 
came from Scotland to this country in 18(!6. and lived here most of 
the time till her death. Mrs. S. .V. Miller died in Farragiit. Iowa, 
while on a visit. May I'.i. issii, aged 4S years; came from Ohio tc 
K'no.x county in 1849. and moved to Stark county in 1861. Josejih 


Catterliii died at Abilene, Kansas, Ma}' 21, 1S8C, aged 06 years, 7 
niontlis and 15 days; moved from Virginia to Springfield in 1885; 
came to Toulon in 1849. Mr. Silas Moody died at Perry, Iowa, July 
1(1, 1880, aged 70 years, (! months and It days. William Walker died 
at Eldora. Iowa, July 8(i, ISSC, aged <I5 years. Mrs. Sahriini it'liat- 
tield) llilliard died at New Virginia, Iowa. January 28, 188(i, aged 69 
years; she came to Stark county in 1834, ami lived near Lal'a^'ette 
until 187?), and was the first female that taught school in Stark county. 
Mrs. Maria Kightlingei', wife of Jacob Kightlinger, died at lier home 
in Yates City, July 16, 1886, aged 84 years; she came from Pennsyl- 
vania to Stark county in 1837. living liere two 3'ears, then removing 
to Knox county, ami later to Yates City. Henry G. Kinkade died at 
Starwano, August 19, 18S6, aged 31 years, 9 months and 1 day : has 
lived in Stark county since he was one year of age. 

M. A. Fuller's historical address, delivered at the meeting of 188U, 
stands as one of the most elaboi-ate jiortrayals of ]iioneer life ever 

The underground railroad must not be (overlooked. About the 
time Stark county was organized this line began to assume practical 
form in the neighborhood, and was j)atr'onized by a few ])assengers. 
A few years later the r(iad grew in favor with refugee slaves, and ulti- 
mately became an important highway between the Sunny South and 
the bleak Canadas. (4alesl)nrg Station was one of the best organized 
on the line of the Undergrouiul Eailroad. There Nehemiah West, 
(George Davis, P. Neeley and Samuel Hitchcock were the permanent 
conduct(jrs on the division extending to Ontario, in Knox count\', and 
through Stark county. In Ontario township the house of ('. F. Camp 
was the depot, and Hod Powell conductor. Eev. John Cross, con- 
nected with the railroad in 1843, was charged with aiding in the escape 
of slaves, but befoi'e the trial he removed to Bureau countv, where a 
(le]nity shei'iff was sent to arrest him. Mr. Cross offo'ed to go with- 
out ojiiiosition, liut there were no means at the disposal of the deputy 
to travel, so that his ])risoner agreed to su|>]ily his own team. They 
started or. Saturday, stayed with Oliver Whitaker at Osceola Grove 
next day, where the prisoner pi-eached. On ]\Ionday thev left en route 
for Knox county, where Mr. Cross defended himself. IPrior to this, 
in 1839 or 1840, he was imprisoned in the Galesburg jail, but was 
bailed out b}' the abolitionists. 

Fnnn Kev. S. G. Wi'ight's journal the following extract is taken, as 
bearing on this railroad s\'stem : ''December 24, 1841; started for 
AValnut Creek ; great rain ; the creek was swimming ; Richard C. and 
William Dunn were with me; difficulty in crossing branch above 
Trickle's mill : had to break ice for near an hour, and go around by 
Traker's (4rove; preached at j\lr. Foster's Friday. April, 1842; went' 
to Knoxville to hear debate between Kinney and Frazer; also to oii- 
tain a teacher; May 2, went to Lafayette to hear Mr. Harris expose 
Mormonism ; rehearsed his lecture to my jieople at Mr. Webster's. 
••■ •■' * "'•■ * February 6. 1843 : On Friday another fugitive from 
slavery came along, making twenty-one that have passed through this 
settlement on their way to Canada; the ink freezes on my pen as I try 


to write. May 22, 18-1:3 : Saturday went to Emery settlement, but 
found so strong an antipathy against abolitionists that few would liear 
me preach, so I went on and preached at Toulon Sal)bath morning ; 
report said the Mormons meant to draw me into deliate here. May 
20 : The grand jury found a bill against me and my elder, W. "W. 
"Webster, for harlioring runaway slaves. June 24: Witness in case of 
The People vs. t!ross. for harljoring runaway slaves. January 5, 1847 : 
Arrivetl home on Friday; found tiiat two fugitives were along with 
only Christmas papers." 

W. IT. Adams, in one of his pioneer sketches published in the Senti- 
nel, speaks of Fountain Watkins, "the laughing Abolitionist," and of 
his connection with tiie Underground Railroad, better known as the 
"(4reat Southei'n and Canadian Underground Railway." In his sketch 
he refers to Dave Frisby, the first school-teacher in tlie Elmwood dis- 
trict, Knox county; Mrs. Watkins, wife of Fountain Watkins; Eli 
Wilson, an old abolitionist; Peter, a colored fugitive; George Pierce 
and John Dalton, anti-abolitionists; Elias Wycoff and Xeheraiah 
AVycoff, well known names in Stark county. One of AYatkins' stories 
as told to Mr. Adams is as follows: "Some time late in the forties, Eli 
Wilson Ijrougiit quite ii likely young man to my place, who said he 
had been a waiter on a JMississippi river steamboat. He stayed with 
us for about a week, and played with the boys in the woods. Some of 
our kind of men at Farmington sent me word one evening to push the 
boy ahead, as hunters were on his track. It would not answer to start 
that night, as it would be certain to invite pursuit. I finally con- 
cluded to wait until morning, and stutlied out a ]>lnn how the old 
woman and me wovdd m) visitino: tlie next dav on iiorseliack. As the 
fall winds were kinder hard on the 'winiin's' faces, it was no more 
than natural for her to have on a veil. So the next morning I saddled 
a gray team I owned, and had Peter jnit on one of my wife's dresses 
and veils, and helped him to mount the horse with the side-saddle 
just as though it was my wife. I mounted the other horse, and 
admonished Peter not to talk unless I spoke to him. We struck out, 
taking a, road that led in the direction of the east side of the mound 
west of the town of Elmwood. Tiie road across the Kickapoo bottoms 
was lined on each side with a dense growth of high weeds and brush. 
While in this place we saw a team coming towards us with George 
Pierce and John Dalton in the wagon. I liad been tol 1 that Dalton 
had been blowing around that if ever he caught me 'running off a 
nigger,' he would arrest me' I pulled out to the riglit and Peter to 
the left to let the wagon pass. I said: 'Good morning, ha! ha I' and 
they said 'good morning." We had not got more than a rod from 

them when I heard (4eorge say: 'I'll be d d if I don't believe 

"Fount"' has got a nigger with him.' Here the road made a sharp 
turn, the ground was soft, and didn't we ply the Inid and let the horses 
go until we reached the high ground at the mound. Here we pulled 
rein and looked back. Not a soul was in sight. I told Pete that it 
was twelve miles to the next timlier, and we had to travel, as there 
was danger of them cusses following us We reached the hazel l)rush 
south of Rochester, on Spoon river, where I hid Pete iind started for 


town to find something to eat for the horses, the fugitive and myself. 
i\reeting Dave Frisby. I did not pretend t(; notice liini ; but he recog- 
nized me and said, 'Ileh), Fount; liow do you do ^ Where are you 
going?' I rephed : 'Just down hei'e to find a girl; my wife is not 
very well.' Dave said : ' You don't want a girl ; you have a runaway 
somewhere in the brush, and are now looking for something to eat. 
I know YOU, eld fellow ; you can't fool this child. Fount. IIow is the 
wife and bal)ies, anyhow? I said: 'Dave, where have you been?' 
He re]ilied that he was in business at llociiester, and, continuing, said; 
' Sa}', Fount, you've got a fugitive hid somewhere; don't you deny it. 
Do you see that house over there? I board there with Elias Wycoff, 
brother to Nehemiah, of Stark county, both sound .abolitionists.' I 
said : ' Dave, Wycoff may be all right, but you always said it was not 
right to help the slaves get away from their masters.' He replied : 
'lount, you know I always said slavery was wrong; then it is right to 
free them. Here is my hand.' I could tie to Dave.'' 

I turned about and went with Dave. Wycoff was not at home, but 
was exjiected shortly. The horses were cared for, Dave and I went 
out to the fugitives retreat. I gave the signal and the woman stejiped 
out. We introduced her to the family and Mr. Wycoff. Mr. Wycoff 
then came and was delighted to help any one out of lioiulage. Pete 
and I had su]iper, and afterwards I informetl Wycoff that the lady 
wished to make some change in hei' dress. She was shown into a 
room, I followed after and said, " Fete, take off j'our dress." Wycoff 
said, " Is that a man ? " I replied that it was, that he had on my wife's 
dress, and that I wished to take it home with me as dresses were not 
over jilenty at my house. Peter slip])cd out of the dress and stood be- 
fore us in a suit of broadcloth. All laughed, the women came, and 
seeing the joke, also laughed. I waited until late that night, bade 
Pete and his new friends adieu, and ai'rived home just before daylight. 
Ha! ha! ha! You don't hear the crack of the slave-driver's whip now- 
a-days. Ha! ha! ha!" 

In the histories of West Jersey, Elraira, Osceola, and other town- 
ships, many of the conductors on the Great Southern and Canadian 
Underground R. P. find proper mention. 

In the first })ages of this chapter reference is made to the anti- 
horse-thief and gambler associations. Thei'e has always hovered 
around the frontier of civilization bold, desperate men, who prey upon 
the unjirotected settlers rather than gain a livelihood by honest toil. 
Theft, robl^ery and murder were carried on l)y regularly organizetl 
l)ands in Og-le, Lee, Winnel>as:o and DeKalb counties, who moved 
through other sections of the State. The leaders of these gangs of cut- 
throats were among the first settlers of that jiortion of the State, and 
consequently liad the choice of location. Among the most prominent 
of the leaders were John Driscoll, William and David, his .sons ; John 
Brodie and tliree of his sons ; Sanuiel Aikens and three of his sons; 
William K. Bridge and Xorton B. Boyce. These wei-e the representa- 
tive characters, those who planned and controlled tlie movements of 
the coml)ination, concealed them when danger threatened, mu-sed them 
when sick, rested them when w orn by fatigue and forced nuu'ches, tur- 


nished hiding places for tlieir stolen booty, shared in the spoils, and, 
under cover of darkness and intricate and devious ways of travel, 
known only to themselves and subordinates, transferred stolen horses 
from station to station; for it came to be known as a well-established 
fact that they had stations, and agents, and watchmen scattered 
throughont the country at convenient distances, and signals and pass- 
words to assist and govern them in all their nefarious transactions. 

The "Receipt for Hoi-se Stealing" published in ISSi! in the Brim- 
Jield JVeios from the pen of W. II. Adams, conveys a good idea of some 
of the troubles and dangei"s to which the early settlers were subjected 
by horse-thieves. lie introduces his pa per by a mention of the Laffertys, 
Slocum's. Driscolls, George Eckley. Henry McClenahan, James ]\[ont- 
gomery, John ]\Iiller, Joe Swalm, Wesley Fraker and others ; follows 
up the emigration of the Latfei'tys from Ashland county, Ohio, to 
ivnox county, Illinois, in lS?>(i. and then entei's upon the story of horse- 
stealing in is;3S. Three men came to Lafferty's in April, ISSs, stating 
tiiat they were land-buyers, and asking to stay all night. The evening 
of the next day they returned with all their " land papers " wet, claim- 
ing that their vehicle upset while crossing the creek. Mr. L. dried the 
])a})ers. On next morning which was Sunday, one of the young men 
bi'ought forth a fiddle, when ilrs. Lafferty said, "we have noise and 
racket enough on week days. I want a little rest on Sunday." That 
night her husljand's team of " blacks'' was stolen, and early on May 2. 
John I.aiferty entered upon the pursuit of the thieves. He returned 
next morning and met John Miller, who lived in what is now Prince- 
ville to^\^lship, Sewel 'Smith of Mud Run. in Putnam, and Bob Col well, 
who lived south of Prince's Mill, on Spoon river, each of whom lost 
horses. When they heard that two of Lafferty's and two of Fraker's 
horses were stolen the same night, they pro])osed tiiat all would return 
to their homes, get arms and supplies, and give pursuit, ajipointing 
ifontgomery's house at Sugar Tree Grove, the starting place. This 
appointment was kept, and Lafferty, Swalm, Fraker, Golwell, Miller 
and Smith started in search of the thieves. Meantime, one Poantree 
of Henderson Grove, arrived at Miller's house with the information 
tliat two horses in charge of a boy were at Washburn's Grove. John 
]\rcOoy was dispatched, identified the horses, and pushed forward in 
search of Lafferty and friends, whom he met returning to AYashl)urn's. 
xVrriving there, they relieved the landlord of the horses, and prepared to 
malce preparations for hanging the boy. Meantime, Miller led the boy 
some distance away, and got a pi'omise from him to give full inform- 
ation if his life would be spared. Lafferty and C'olwell cpiestioned him. 
and learned that the renilezvous was in the Winnebago swamp. At 
midnight thejiarty set fortii to capture the rolibers, Lafferty and ]\Ii!ler 
leading with the boy between them. Toward morning they arrived 
neai' the rendezvous. At daylight all the })artygot within a few yards 
of the camp and waited for the roljbers to appear, which one did just 
Ijefore suni-ise. He was captured liy John Miller; two others jumped 
out of the bush hut and were captured. Then all the horses and saddles 
were got together and the victors and vanquished jiroceeded to another 
grove to try the robbers. The court was organized, the boy's state- 


ments were noted, each of the settlers identiiietl his horses, and the trio 
were fonnd guilty and lumged. At Spring Creek, on tlieir homeward 
journey, they were tii'ed ujion by friends of thieves, the fire was re- 
turned briskly and thus ended the adventure of the early days of May, 
1838. Lafferty and party merely stated to their friends tliat " the boy 
gave a receipt that he would never steal another horse." In June, 1838, 
Colwell, Joe Drumniond and others visited the Winnebago swam]), 
where they saw three bodies swinging from a tree, ('olwell saitl, " 1 
wonder if them ere injuns were hung by the whites during the Black 
Hawk War?" Drummond turning to him said, "Dad. you fellers 
didn't shoot him, you hung him." Colwell replied, " I guess they're 
dead," and the party left the scene of the tragedy. 

" Cattle Driving in Early Days " is the title of a story from the 
])en of W. 11. Adams in tlie BriiiilieJil Ne-ws. Jolni Emery, now of 
Galva, is made the hero. It appears that in about 1844 or 1845, one 
Therygood Smith, a dealer of Rochester, resolved to change the 
fanner's notes in his possession into something more tangil)le, and thus 
acquired possession of 225 head of cattle. This herd he placed in 
charge of Jolin Emery of Stark County, with orders to drive tliem to 
Chicago. P]merywas assisted on the di'ive l)y John P. Pratz, Elias Laf- 
ferty and Michael Smitii, notorious " Imll-wliackers." At '' Xine Mile 
House," on the Des])laiues, he sold a few iiead and received !E^2ltl^ in 
gold, then pushed on to Chicago, where the cattle were slaughtered 
and Emei-y paid .^il.loo in " wildcats " for the quarters, the only ])arts 
then weigiied in the market. During the days passed at Chicago, he 
boarded at the City Hotel, corner of State and Lake streets, a mile 
distant from the old slaughter house. On leaving Chicago, he passed 
the first night at the "Nine Mile House," and there met Jack and 
Bill Britts of New Bradford on Green Iliver. Pushing forward with 
the Britts, Jack remained at Paw Paw while Emery and Bill Britt 
went forward to Princeton. They had no sooner arrived thei'e than 
two men, well mounted, appeared. They were robbers on his track. 
At Princeton he was introduced to a lady and her son from Mead vi lie. 
Pa., who wished to learn the way to Carson Berfieid's home in Stark. 
He volunteered to accompany them, and next da}' set out on the jour- 
ney. Noticing the carriage and the saddled horse, one of the robbers 
exclaimed: " What ! oil' so soon "'. and rushed in hot haste to the stable 
for their horses, quickly ajjpearing again, one patting on the bridle 
and the other with the saddle away up on his iiorse's shoulders was 
vainly striving to tighten the surcingle as the horse plunged about. At 
this juncture the lady and son stepjied into the carriage. As soon as 
seated she requested Mr. Emery to hand her his valise and overcoat, a 
request which he lost no time in conq)lying with. The landlady had 
informed almost every guest of the jeopardy that the stalwart looking 
drover was in, with the solemn admonition not to mention it as they 
valued their lives. As a matter of course every guest in the house 
was on deck to see the outcome, ^[en and women wei'e all in fav(»r 
of the drive, most particularly the women. Wlien Mr. Emery handed 
his valise to the occupants of the can'iage, one of the robbers sai<L 
" What, are you going with them folks ? " Emery replied, " Yes ; look 


liere — here is one thousand dollars in jiaper (reaching into his vest 
pocket and pulling out the wallet)." Replacing this, he reached into 
his trousers pocket and withdrew the gold, saying : " Here is two hun- 
dred dollars in gold; I would like to see you get it. As soon as you 
approached me last evening I knew what your business was, and who 
set you dii'ty, contemptible, thieving skunks on my track. You can 
come and go witii me if you think it will be healthy, or you can go 
back to Paw Paw Grove and tell Jack Britt that you didn't get my 

money — or you can go to h 1.'' As Mr. Emery swung himself into 

the saddle and rode away, he was observed by all eyes. 

Hundreds of stories, more or less of this character, are current, 
some of which are Ijrietly told in the pages devoted to township and 
personal history. 

J. lilancliard. writing from P>urrton, Kas., to Captain Brown, in 
1SS3, recites the following reminiscences: "In the fall of 1841 the 
wi'iter married one of the fair daughters of Osceola. Soon after the 
ceremony, which w^as performed by the venerable Square Parks, I 
took my bride to our cabin away out on the prairie, even before the 
windows and doors were adjusted. But, contrary to the present 
custom of wedding toui's, we went to work fixing things and getting 
ready for real iiousekeeping. Our household then consisted of my 
wife and I and my bachelor i)i-other. At the commencement we laid 
in a tolerable supply of groceries and provisions, and things went on 
swimmingly, yes lovingly, for a time. But near the end of the next 
summei- our stores run alarmingly low, and we were reduced to 
']ium])kins and jiotatoes.' In those days there were no water-mills 
nearer tiian the Kicka])oo oi- ^lackinaw rivers except an old log mill 
on Jack creek, known as Parker's mill. But at that time there was no 
water behind, and the only way to get a little corn cracked was for 
two or three men to get on the water-wheel and tread it out. But 
about this time Lemuel Dorrance built a saw and grist mill on Spoon 
river, about one mile distant. And a year or two ])revious to lS-1-1 the 
steam mill was jnit in operation at Wethcrstield. So I tram])ed out 
some smutty spring wheat with my oxen and started to the latter 
place to mill. And though it was but seven or eight miles on a bee 
line (for there were no farms in the way) from Myrtle G. Brace's to 
Wetherslield, yet I was three days making the round trip. While I 
was there, a gaunt-looking man from Victoria came in, having on a 
very long face, and he said, 'Pherris, when can you grind my grists 
We have eaten the last pumpkin.' 'Don't know,' said Pherris, the 
miller. • Perha])s in two or tliree days.' 'Why, God bless you! my 
family will starve in tliat time,' exclaimed the gaunt man. 'I can't 
hel]i it,' replied the miller. But if the bottom had not dropped out of 
the well at the steam mill the water had, and we had to haul water 
fi'om a sjn'ing near Squire Blish's, and pour it into the well. How- 
ever, in the course of two or three davs, we all g-ot our jiTists, and 
w'ent on our way rejoicing. And the flour was soon kneaded, set on 
the coals in the l)ig stove or sod fire-place (for we had no quick meal 
stoves in tliose days), but it came out a real short cake or light biscuit. 
Not long after we set u\) housekeeping, we had a kind of infair, and. 


our cabin not Ijeing finisheil, I delaycHl putting on the wedding gar- 
ments until the guests had arrived. 1 asked Mrs. 13. where I should 
change my cjothes. Mrs. Oliver Whitaker being present, and always 
ready for a joke, said. 'Why, Blanchard, go up-stairs.' But, lo and 
behold! there was nothing up there but sleepers and rafters. So I 
resorted to the haystack, and soon came back as good as new." 

James B. "VYitter, writing to Olivei- Whitaker, from Fairmont, 
Neb., in 1883, says: "When I received your card of invitation, 
instanth' my mind ran back over the j'ears when I first came to Stark 
county. It was in the fall of 1839 that I first came into the county; 
it gave me an opportunity to see the growth of that little county nji 
to 18f9. The first few years of my residence there, the places of 
almost every man were familiar. I passed over almost every road 
that was used in the county, knew almost every house and the names 
of the persons residing in it. But what a change in thirty years; still 
more in forty. The settlements were first made along the streams 
and near the timber, and in passing from one settlement to another it 
was often a lonely tramp, not hearing a sound excejit the l)irds that 
were used to a prairie country, or perhaps some wild animal would 
jump up and dash away and would soon l)e out of sight in the tall 
grass. But those things have long since disappeared, and now appear 
cultivated fields, fine houses, with herds of diiferent kinds of stock, 
which serve to enrich the farmer and to give life and activity to the 
people of the county. I would further say that my wife came to 
Illinois in the year 1835, and her father came to Stark county in 1837. 
We were married in 184-2, and together we toiled through those hard 
j'ears which followed the early settling of Stark county." 

The letter of 11. C. Henderson, dated Marshalltown, Iowa, August 
25, 1883, is a model pioneer letter, such a one as every old settler should 
write. It was addressed to Dr. Ilenry M. Hall, then secretary of the 
Old Settlers Association, and from it the following extract is made: 
•• I think of the broad, uncultivated prairies of old Stark, of the beauti- 
ful hills and valleys, the woodlands and streams, that delighted my 
boyish fancy, when the young blood coursed freely througli a fi'ame 
cpivering with strong, happy life. I remember well the woods and 
prairies decked with inanv-hued flowers, and carpeted with native 
grass. I remember the waving fields and golden harvest, I recall the 
summer's heat, tiie smoky autumn, with its foliage of fire and gold ; 
I think of snowy wintei's and ice-bound streams, of the cabin and liarn. 
of the log-cal)in scliool house, of fun and frolic, of work an<l ]>lay ; ho\v 
I used to go barefoot, and often was compelled to do so; of the thi-ead- 
l)are clothes and sometimes scanty fare at the family board; of the 
spelling-schools, of the singing-schools, and. after awhile, of the Sunday- 
school, in the organization and direction of whicli your venerable father 
took an active ])art ; of the campmeetings and celein-ations ; of tlie 
elections and the courts. Well I remendter tiie Hi'st county meeting at 
Major ]\IeClenahaivs to (.irganize the county; and the first courts held 
in my father's old cabin, when all tlie county were our guests. How 
lonesome it used to be in the old cabin after court, or the meeting of 
the county commissioners, composed of Jonathan Hodges, Calvin 


Winslow and Jefferson Trickle, or William Ogle (I forgot which now), 
with Augustus Dun as sheriff and Oliver "Whitaker county clerk. 
As I glance back at those times how those venerable forms coine \\\i 
before me. I remember Avhen the county seat was located at Toulon, 
and Carson Berlield staketl out the lots through the hazel and ])luiu 
thickets, so dense that a way had to be cut with brush scythes to enaljle 
them to carry the chain and point the compass. I recall also the old 
court house built liy Elder ]\lott, who, it was said, painted it with 
buttermilk. How well I remember when Ben Turner opened uj) a 
hotel in the northwest comer of the public square, and Mr. Whitaker 
kept boanlers in the northwestern part of the town; wlien Dr. Hall 
moved his old eccentric cabin from Osceola to town, and reljuilt it with 
its quaint angles and odd proportions, on the hillside south east of the 
court house. In those days I knew nearly evervl)ody in the county, 
and had at one time and another been at nearly all their cabins. I 
could now almost name them all: Wesley Miner, William Bowen, 
William Mahany, Majoi' Mcf'lenahan and Stephen O. Worley on the 
west and south sides and Andrew Swartz, Minot Silliman, William 
Ogle, Adam Perry, and "old man Leak," on the east side, composed 
the entire settlement on Indian creek above the old town of Moulton, 
not now known to the voung-er generations. At AVvoming-, with onh* 
one house in it, 1 think, resided Genei'al Thomas and his family, the 
Butlers and Whitney Smith. Above them, east of Spoon river, Elijah 
McCTenahan, Syl. Moore, Jesse Heath, James Holgate, Lemuel L)or- 
rance antl Mr. Breese made up nearly the entire settlement east of 
Spoon river between the Osceola and Wyoming settlements, and the 
AA inslows, Buswells, Sturnis, Alyrtle O. Brace and the Lyle lirothers 
made most of the settlement on upper »S])oon river. The Woods, Adam 
Day, Essex, Cliaffees, Coxes, Smiths, lioardmans and Trickles wei'e 
nearly all the inhabitants of the southeast part of the county. I might 
mention many others whom I remember with pleasure, who then, or 
sliortly after, resided there — the Olivers, Fullers, Turnbulls, and many 
others whom I have neither the time nor space to mention now. I 
knew them all well for a number of years and have heard of them often 
since, and always with ])leasure. They laid the foundations of society 
deep and strong, and Jifty years have rolled away since, but the in- 
fluence of these good fathers and mothers is still felt, and their works 
follow them in the prosjierity and glory of the jiresent time." 

S. 11. Henderson, of Hastings, Neb., writes: "More than forty- 
seven years ago (July 2, 1S36) on a rainy day, my. father, with his 
family, and the family of Mrs. Jane Elliott arrived at the ])lace selected 
for (jur home on Indian Creek, just one mile south of Toulon. Not 
one of the Elliott family remains, and the descendants of the widow 
are scattei-ed far ami wide. And my tlear father and mother are long 
since passed away. Their children are remembered for their sakes 
Many who are regarded as old settlers in Stark county settled there, 
after our familv emigrated to Iowa in 1S45, nearly thirty-eight years 
ago. I regret exceedingly that I cannot be ^vith you. For a quarter of 
a century I have been an itinerant jireacher in the Methodist Episcopal 
cliureh. and in that tiuK^ I have missed roll-call but twice, and then I 




was ill the service of my country, Jielpiiig to put down the great 

Many reminiscences might be introduced Iiere; but as innumerable 
references to ]noneer diiys are found tliroughout tliis work, more 
particularly in the pages devoted to township history and ]nog)'a))]iy, 
the writer selected the foregoing as a fair resume of ]noneer history 
for the couutrv's i)ioneer circle. 



N tlie organization of Illinois Territory in 1801>, it was 
divided into the counties of K;indolph and St. Clair. In 
1818 the whole northwest part of the state belonged to 
Madison as set off from St. Clair on the establishment of 
" state government. In 1821 Pike county was founded, and 
in 182?> Fulton county was organized. When this (Fulton) 
county was established and for over tw^) years thereafter, it 
extended east and west from the Illinois to the Mississippi 
rivers, and from the base line near where Ilushville, Schuy- 
ler county, now stands, to the northern boundary of the 
state, including the country where Eock Island, Galena, 
Peoria, Joliet and Chicago now are. It was indeed a large 
county, and embraced what is now the wealthiest iind most 
populous poi'tion of the great West. The gre;it lead mines 
of (raleuii iiad not vet been discovered, and Chicau'o was 
onl}' a trading and mditary post. In 1825 the Legislature 
created Peoria county and attached to it for all county 
purj)oses all the country lying north of it witiiin this state 
on both sides of the Illinois river as far east as the third )n-inci|ial 
meridian. The Commissioners' (Jourt of that county convened for the 
first time Marcii 8, 1S2."). In this yetir also, Schuyler county was es- 
tablished, and the same year the counties of Adams, Hancock, McDou- 
ou^h, Warren, Mercer, Knox, Henry and Putnam were set off from 
Fulton. In 1839 Stark county was formed out of six congressional 
townships of Putnam and two of Knox county. On AjJi'il 2, 1831, 
Putnam was divided into four precincts, one of which, Spofni Iliver, 
included all the county south of the direct line from the head of Crow 
Prairie to Six Mile Urove, thence northwest to the original county 
line; Bureau precinct, all the present county of that name and ])arts 
of Stark and Marshall counties, with nineteen voters. The voters in 
the Spoon River precinct of Putnam county, August 1, 1831, were W. 
1). Grant, Sewell Smith, John I>. Hodge, Sylvanus Moore, Benjamin 
Essex', Thomas Essex, Thomas Essex, Jr., Daniel Cooper, Harris W. 



^[iiier. Isaac B. Essex, Greenleaf Smith. "Win. Nortli. Benjamin Smith. 
John C. Owings. 

In September, 18;^) 1, a ri)a<l from Hennepin to Smith's Foi'd on 
Spoon Biver, was ordered to be re-surveyed and mai'ked. 

Dni'ino- tlie Blaclv Hawk war, in ]May, lSo2, the mihtary companies 
known asT^ads', BaiMies' and liaugliman's, with a (h'taciiment of Tnited 
States infantry under CoL Zach. Taylor, and Lieuts. Jeff Davis and 
Sidney Johnson, camped at Boyd's Grove. It is related that many of 
the Spoon Kiver voters ultimately '-were taken with the war fever" 
and entered the ranks, but of this the writer lias no authority, beyond 
the rosters given in the military chapter. 

In ]\Iarch, 183-i, the commissioners of Bntnani laid off the county 
into road districts. All the settlements in the Spoon river neighbor- 
hood formed ]S'o. 17, with Sylvanus Moore, supervisor. At this 
time James Holgate, Samuel Merrill and James McClenahan \vere 
appomted fence-viewers for township 13 north, range 6 east. 

In June, 183-1-, Benjamin Smith. James Ilolgateand Elijah McClen- 
ahan were appointed judges of election in the Sj)oon Biver precinct. 
The first election after organization was held August 1, 1834, when the 
following named voters were recorded in Spoon Biver precinct: W. D. 
(Tan-ett, Sewell Smith, John B. Dodge, Sylvanus Moore, Benjamin 
Essex, Thomas Essex, Thomas Essex, Jr., David Cooper, Harris "VV. 
Miner, Isaac 1>. Essex, Greenleaf Smith, B. Smith, William Smith, 
Benjamin Smith and John C. Owings. The judges of election were 
"William and Greenleaf Smith and "W. B. Essex, with Jolin C. Owings 
and Benjamin Smitii clerks. The meeting was held at Benjamin 
Sniitii's house. 

Little or notliing was accomplished in the way of public improve- 
ments in Spoon River precinct. The towns of Wyoming, Osceola, 
]\Ioulton, Massillon and Lafayette were platted in ls3(;-7, but lieyond 
this ])ni)lic enter])rise ditl not lead. 

The bribery act of 1837, granting millions of dollars to public 
works wiiich were never completed, and loans of money made to 
counties, so as to win the people's approval, resulted in Putnam 
receiving §10,000 as her share of the public plunder. Ammon Moon, 
who was then county treasurer, loaned this sum without i)roi)er 
security, and thus Putnam lost her spoils. Stark, however, received 
tiie porticju of this fund to wiiich she was entitled. 

The time had now arrived when the jieojile of western Putnam 
resolved to have a little commonwealth of their own. This period 
and events belonging are well portrayed by Mrs. Shallenberger, 
thus: "At the session of the legislature in 1836-7, an act "for the 
formation of the county of Coffee" was approved. Xow, as Colonel 
AVilliam Henderson was from his first settlement here prominent 
in local politics, and known to l)e an enthusiastic admirer of the 
Tennessee hero. General Coffee, with or under wiiom he had done 
military service, it is highly probable that this, as well as sul)se- 
(juent acts for the same purpose were secured through his instru- 
mentality. Tlie new county was to be eighteen miles square, com- 
prising nine full townships — six to be taken from Putnam, two from 


Knox and one from Ileniy. Benjamin Mitcliell, Richard N. Cullom 
of Tazewell, and Samuel Hackieton of Fulton, were the commission- 
ers to select the site for the county seat, which, if located on ground 
not already laid out as a town, should be called Eipley. This act, 
however, was not to take effect unless a majority of the voters in 
Knox and Henry counties, at an election on the 10th day of April, 

1837, should sanction it. Putnam was allowed no voice in these 
proceedings, and the ]>roject failed on the vote; so ''Coffee county" 
was no more, altliough it luul already apjieared on several maps of 
that day. A more vigorous attempt was made during 1838, con- 
tinuing through a great j^art of the year. Much feeling was excited 
by this contest, as is usual in local questions. Both parties in the 
struggle had weighty arguments to wield. Those wishing to make 
the Illinois river a boundaiy on the east, urging the increased tax- 
ation that must result to the residents in a small county ; the other 
side urging the convenience of a county seat near at hand. So the 
question of a new county was made the leading issue in the canvass 
for another representative from the Spoon river country. As early 
as February, 1838, a meeting was held at the house of James Hol- 
gate, near Wyoming, when it was " Resolved, to petition the next 
legislature for a new county, and to protest against the Illinois river 
as a bounilary on the east," and "to nominate Colonel William II. 
Henderson, in order to the success of their plans." After adjourn- 
ment, a meeting of the disaffected minority, some fifteen or twenty, 
was held and i-esolutions passed "to accept the Illinois river as a 
boundary on the east, and to ]iut Thomas S. Elston, Esq., of Bureau, 
in nomination for the legislature." ]\Ir. Elston, however, does not 
appear to have become a canditlate. Others were nominated in dif- 
ferent i)arts of Putnam and Bureau ; but only the names of C'olonel 
Henderson, Amnion Moon, B. M. Hays of Hennepin, and Andrew 
Burns of Magnolia, were conspicuous in the canvass. In an address 
to the electors of the district, pul)lished in the nearest papers. Colonel 
Henderson stated that " he should lay down as a basis for his action, 
two lines, to-wit: the liaes dividing ranges 8 and 9, east of the fourth 
principal meridian, and another which had reference to the formation 
of Marshall county." He was elected by a plurality of nearly a 
hundred over his competitors, receiving the almost unanimous vote 
of Spoon river, Lacon and Lafayette precincts. Notice for a petition 
for a new county ^vas again advertised according to law, in October, 

1838, and on the sixteenth of January, 1839, Colonel Henderson ])re- 
sented this petition from citizens of JPutnani. Henry and Knox coun- 
ties, ])raying the formation of a new county. 

The" subsequent proceedings are summarized from legislative and 
other documents as follows : In 1837 the vote of Eastern Knox county 
for division and annexation to Coffee county was 77, while against the 
measure isG votes were cast, thus effectually closing the road which 
earlier apjieared open to the success of the measure. On January 23, 

1839, Mr. Moore rejjorted a bill for an act to establish Stark county, 
which was twice read, and on motion of Mr. Stapp, referred to a com- 
mittee composed of Stapp, Henderson, Alexander, Compher and Jar- 

iiU(iAMZ,\TION AM) CoMMISSIoNKKs'' COTR'!'. I;-).") 

rott. On Fehniai'v .">. Jarrott reported the l)ill, Stapji niovec] indefinite 
postponement ; l)nt on motion of Henderson the bill and amendment 
were laid on the table. (_)n February T, on motion of Otwell, they 
were referred to a committee, composed of Murphy, Otwell, Dubois, 
Jarrott and Kercheval. On February 11, Dubois reported tJie bill, etc., 
and recommended ado])tion. Forty three votes were recorded in favor 
and 31 contra. On February 1."). the engrossed bill was read a third 
time, but its ]iassage was negatived. On February L(i, the question — 
•■ Shall the bill ])ass r' was again negatived. On Febi-uary 28 a mes- 
sage from the senate announced that that body amended a l)ill for "an 
act to dispose of the territory lying west of the Illinois I'iver in the 
county of Putnam and for other purposes," so as to read, " an act for 
the formation of Stark and for other purposes," and further asked the 
concurrence of the house. On ^larch 2, the council of revision 
I'eported apjiroval of the act, and Stark county was estal)lished. 

John Stark, after whom the county is named, was born at London- 
deny, N. II., August 28, 1728, of Irish parents, who came to the 
colonies in 1719, and in 1730 moved to Deny field, now Manchester. 
In 1752 John joined a hunting expedition through the wilds of North- 
ern New Hampshire, was captured ly the Abenaquoies, carried 
to Canada, released by a Boston friend on payment of sl(t3, and the 
year following visited the headwaters of the Androscoggan. During 
the Ivevolution he was at Saratoga, and was of the conned which stipu- 
lated the surrender of Eurgoyne. He also served in Rhode Island in 
1778, and in New Jersey in 17SU. In 1781 he was appointed comman- 
der of the northern department of the American army and served until 
he o-reeted the birth of the United States. In his Ii-ish rifle ln'i<rade 
were seventy-one Irishmen, who served at liunker Hill, where four of 
theni were killed. Stark's order was, " wait till you see the white of 
their eyes," and on another occasion, "We must win today, boys, or 
tonight ]\Iolly Stark is a widow." The name has not suffered in its 
present connection, for in later years the sons of Molly Stark oljeyed 
many an order, witli a much nobler foe in front than Stark fought 

The act approved February 1, 181rn, jn'ovided that Cyrus Walker, of 
]\IcI)onough county, I). G. Salisbury, of Bureau county, and William 
Fenn, of Marshall county, be commissioners to locate the seat of jus- 
tice for Stark county, they to meet at W. II. Henderson's house in 
IS-K). It was further provided that that })ortion of Henry county 
within the following-named boundaries be attached to Stark, viz.: '■ lie- 
ginning at the southeast corner of Henry county, running north on 
line dividing ranges .5 and G to the northeast cornei- of section 24, T 
15 N., li. 5 E., thence west with the section lines to the northwest cor- 
ner of section 22. in R. 4, thence along the section 22, thence south 
along line dividing towns 13 and 1-4 N., thence east to beginning." 
This addition was suliject to a vote of Henr\' county, ordered to be 
taken in March. Is4n. Another act, approved February 1, 1840, 
declared valid the assessment of taxes taken in Stark and Henry coun- 
ties in lS3i), as if taken regularly under the act concerning ]niblic rev- 
enue, as approved February 2<>, 1839. The act approved February 27, 

136 lllsi(i|;v OF STAKK Odl'NTV. 

1841, provided tliat the east ^ of R. 4 and all of E. 5 in townsliips 14 
and 15 N. constitute a part of Stark, and be taken from the southeast 
corner of Henry county, on condition that the people of Henry 
county wotdd vote in favor of sucli addition to Stark. It was further 
])i'ovidcd tliat John Dawson, Peter Van liei'gen and William F. Elkin, 
ail of Sangamon county, be itjiitointed commissioners to locate the 
town of Toulon, the county seat, and they were instructed to meet at 
W. II. Henderson's house in A])ril, 1841. The action of those com- 
missioners was also made liable to a vote of the jieople of Stark. The 
sale of lots in the town, and the transfer of school funds from Henry 
and Knox counties to Stark county, were also ]>rovided for. A refer- 
ence to the ])ioneer chapter will point out the o])])()sition this question 
met with fi'om the citizens of Henry county, concerned an anti-square 
opposition which still persists in denying a ninth township to Stark. 

Commisft! oners' liecord. — The first meeting of the County Commis- 
sioners was held at Elijah McClenahan's house, April 4, 1839, under 
the act establishing the county, approved March 2, that year, Calvin 
Winslow, Stephen Trickle and Jonathan Hodgson present. The two 
lirst named qualilied before tlie latter, who was a justice of the peace, 
and he, in turn, before Calvin Winslow. Oliver Whitaker was ap- 
pointed clerk j)/Y> tern. Minott Sillinian qualified as treasurer and Oli- 
ver Whitaker as clerk. On April 5th, T. 14, R. G and 7 E. was laid 
off as justice district No. I ; T. 13, E. 7 E., as district No. 2 ; T. 12 N., 
E. 5 E'., as district No. 3; T. 13, R. 5 E., as No. 4, and T. 13, E. 6 E., 
as No. 5. The boun^hiries were not exactly those of the congressional 
townships. Nine road districts were established on this day also. The 
road supervisors then appointed were John Lyle, James Holgate, 
Whitney Smith, Jefferson Trickle, W. W. Webster (June term), Joseph 
Palmer, Peter F. Miner, S. G. Worley and John Miller. It was then 
ordered that every able-bodied man should perform three days' work on 
the roads. There were five assessors' districts established. Isaac 
Spencer, J. W. Agard, I. II. Barnetf, Silas Eichai'ds and Adam Perry 
were appointed justices of the respective justice districts. 

On April 5, 1839, James Holgate was appointed school commis- 
sioner. The school lands trustees appointed on April 0, 1839, were I. 
C. Avery, Henry Seely and A. M. Smith, for Osceola ; Henry Breese, 
Samuel Camp and I. Spencer, for Penn ; J. AY. Heath, Samuel Seely 
and Adam Perry, for Toulon ; Calvin Powell, Sr., Moses Boardman 
and Whitney Smith, for Essex; W. AV. Webster, Jose))h Palmer and 
Milton Richards, for AVest Jersey; ('. H. Miner, Luther Driscoll and 
Samuel Pari-ish, for Goshen. The first deeds recorded in the county 
wei-e as follows: AVilliam Dunbar to Eulitf Parrish, June 24, 1839, for 
lots 1, 2 and 8, in block 38, La Fayette village; Henry and Eliza Seely 
to Nicholas Sturm. Feljruary 2S, "1839, for the N. i,'N. AV. \, Section 
27, T. 14, R. 7, the consideration being !? 187.50. 

Robert AlcClenahan Avas appointed county collector. A lottery 
was held to determine the terms of the commissioners, which resulted 
in giving Stephen Trickle one year, Jonathan IIodgS(jn two, and Cal- 
vin AVinslow three years. The board decided that the county and cir- 
cuit courts should be held hereafter at W. II. Henderson's house. ( )n 


June 4tli a tax of 4<) cents per $l(iO valuation was ordered. At this 
session live election precincts were established, grand and petit juroi's 
were a])])ointed, and the assessors ordered to be paid. In September, 

1839, William Ogle replaced Commissioner Trickle. John Hester. 
Adam Perry and Joseph D. Lane were commissioned to locate a road, 
commencing at I5ovd's Grove toward L. S. Dorrance's mill. This was 
the introduction to road-niakmg under the new local government. On 
September 3d a number of orders were issued for si each, to judges 
and clerks who presided at the August election, and the day after a 
resolution was recorded granting 75 cents per da}^ to each grand and 
petit juryman who would be called to serve in court. On December 2, 
1880, an'order was issued for !f;2.50 to 1>. M. Jackson, to cover freight 
and other charges on eleven I'ecoi'd liooks, from Cincinnati, O., to 
Stark county, and one for 7.5 cents for conveying seven record books 
from La Fayette to Colonel Henderson's house was issued to Pliili)) 

The first regular bridges over Spoon river on the Peoria and Galva 
road were erected in the fall of 1839, L. S. Dorrance su]i]ilying tlie 
lumber. In March, isKi, William Lyle was paid sl(;..')(i for the origi- 
nal book-case in clerk's office. At this session the following names 
were bestowed on the live election ])recincts respectively, viz: No. 1, 
Osceola, Wyoming, ]\Iassillon, La Fayette and Central. On March 7, 

1840, Minot Silliman presented his account as follows: :§l,268.7r) from 
September 2, 1839, to date, including $505. fid of the internal imjirove- 
ment fund ]iaid over by the Stark county commissionei-s as agents for 
Putnam county; contra jurors' certificates, !?27; county orders paid 
out, $528.49; commission, $11.10; total expenditure, $5(;('..59 ; cash (m 
hand, $702.17. Henry Breese was a]ipointed collector of tlie county. 
The firet overseers of the poor were appointed Se])tember !>, 1840, as 
follows: William Mahany, Central township; Henry McClenahan, La 
Fayette township; Brady Fowler, Osceola township; Nehemiah Mer- 
ritt, Wyoming township. In October, 1840, a special election for jus- 
tice of "the peace was held in Massillon townsliii), which cost the county 
$5.50 judges" and clerks" fees. The total expenditures for the year 
ending March 7, 1841, amounted to $1,298.02. and the total revenue, 
including balance from 1840, $2,111.00. 

On July 12, 1841, John Dawson, P. X. Bergen ami W. F. Klkin, 
a])pointed under the act of February 27, 1841, to locate tlie county 
seat of Stark county, made their re])ort, stating that on May 17, 1841, 
they did locate the Town of Toulon as the cf)unty seat, on ninety nxls 
of land then owned by John ^liller, being a jiart of the southwest 
quarter of section 19, in township i;>, north, i-ange fi, east, being twelve 
rods east and twelve rods north of the west and south l)oun(laries of 
the quarter section, upon the conditioii that John ]\Iiller execute to the 
commissioners a good deed in fee sim])le for the tract. This deed was 
made July 28. 1841, by John and Mary Ann IMiller, reserving only 
such timijer and shrubs, buildings, rails and fruit trees, to i)e renmved 
by him before April 1. 1S42. and hke pro])prty when the owner of any 
lot shall commence building on and enclosing the same. This (l(>ed 
was acknowledged by Joseph Pcri-y. In Sei)tember, ls41. iliady 


Fowler I'enliiced Calvin Winslow on the county board. The expendi- 
tui'es for tlie year ending March 9, 18-t'2, exceeded $1(120, still leaving a 
l)ahnice in favor of 1S4;^ of !?1,053.19. 

The con) inissioners in 1843 were AVin. Ogle. iJrady Fowler and F. 
AV. Eniei'v. In 181-1:. L. S. Dorrance took Wni. Ogle's ])lace; in 1845, 
.Tose])li Palmer replaced Brady Fowler; in islli, .lefferson Trickle took 
F. W. Emery's place; in 1847, James llolgate, Joseph Palmer and 
Jeflferson Trickle formed the hoard, and the last named with Tiieo. -J. 
Kurd iuul Thonuis Lyle in 1S48. They were the last commissioners 
of Stark and its live precincts, Tonlon, Osceola, Lafayette. Alassillon, 
and Wyoming. 

Dnring the year 184!> the commissioners' court was abolishe<l and 
the business of the county ])laced in charge of the county coui't. 
James Holgate, deceased, w;is judge, and Wm. F. Thomas, sheriff, nm\ 
ex officio, collector of taxes. Calvin L. Eastman, Theo. F. llurd and 
lleni-y lireese were appointed commissioiu'rs in l)eceml)er, 1852, to 
divide the county into townships in accoidance with the act of Feb- 
ruary 17. 1851, jn'ovitling foi' township organization. One of the last 
acts of the old board, June <!, 1853, \vas a resolution favoring S5(»,000 
aid to the Western Air Line Railroad. In August. 1853, 534 voters 
sanctioned this aid, and 141 opposed the ))roposition. 

The justices of the ])eace holding office in 1849 were: W. W. Win- 
slow, Dan. J. Ilurd, Walter M. Fuller. Isaac Thomas, Miles A. Fuller, 
Jacob Young, John F. Thompson, James P>. Lewis, John Miller, Wm. 
Ogle, TNlilton Eckley, Jose]ili Catterlin. .lohn Finley and Ilerrick A. 
Ilalsey were elected in 1851 ; James Hathaway, Chas. C. Wilson antl 
John F. Thompson in 1852. James llolgate was county judge, and 
Oliver Whitaker notary public. The names of the pioneer justices 
from the days of Squire Owens and Squire Benjamin Smith down to 
18(>(), are given in the marriage reou'd, while from 1853 to the ])resent 
time the record is given in the histories of the several townships. 

The committee on division of the county rejiorted in January, 1853, 
the following names for seven of the eight divisions : Essex, Valley, 
Goshen, Toulon, Penn, Elmira and Osceohi. The supervisors subse- 
quently chosen, were Lemuel Dixon, Charles C. Wilson, Lewis IT. 
Fitch. Calvin L. Eastman, James llolgate, Thonuis Lyle and Brailfoi'd 
Foster. West Jersey was subsecjuently organized in 1853, and W. W. 
Webster elected first supervisor. Janu^s llolgate was elected 
first chairnuiu of the boai'd, June 7. 185;!. The committee abov3 
named received !til.50 for their' services, and the new organization was 
conqtleted. The justices elected in 1853 are niiuied as follows : Alfred 
Freeman, Chas. B. Donalson, John Miller, Jacob E. Jones, Ilervey J. 
Rhodes. Henry Hreese. John Suiire. Janu^s Buswell, W. M. Fuller. 
Isaac Thonuis,' John Fiidey, lleirick R. Ilalsey, Washington Trickle, 
,lacob Young. ,\lex. Monci't'if. Jaunts llolgate. county judge. From 
1S54 to the ])resent time the names of supervisoi's and justices are 
given in the histories of the townships. 

Coimtij Biiihlingfi. — The county courlhouse and jail are noticed by 
]\Irs. Shallenbei'ger, thus: "The first courthouse, a plain wooden 
structure built to meet present wants, was completed in 1842, and 



served many important purposes for tlie county and town, not only as 
a seat of justice, but sometimes as churcli and schoolhouse too. The 
old jail was l)uilt a year or so later, perhaps, in 1844. by Ira Ward. Jr.; 
a man from Knox county by the name of Hammond, doing the mason 
work. This still serves to hold, rather insecurely, iiowever. Stark- 
county criminals, and it can hardly be said that its accommodations or 
management, reflect any great credit upon the county officials who 
control this matter. The present courthouse is a substantial and well 
yjroportioned brick edifice, with airy and convenient oflBces on the 
tirst floor. Standing, as it does, on a square shaded by a tine growth 
of young trees, it is a pleasant and comely jiicture foi' the eye to I'est 
upon; one for which a good many of our citizens would be willing to 
fight valiantly sliould its possession ever be seriously disputed — as 
some see fit to predict. It was erected in is.")!! at a cost to the countv 
of $12,n()()." On July 14, 18S4, the bid of J. Volk & Co. for building 
a fire proof office structure for the county was acce|)ted, and Messi's. 
Caverlv, Jordan and Armstrong were appointed a building committee. 
This l>uilding contains the oifices of the countv clerk, circuit clerk and 
treasurer oidv. the other offices with the coui't room being in tiic old 

Tlii! Poor Fiiriii. — In the notice of the old coinniissionei's" court, 
reference is made to the establishment of an almshouse. Mrs. Shallen- 
berger, speaking of this instituti(m. says : "The first county ]ioor-house 
was located a little noi'theast of Toulon, on what was long familiarly 
known as 'Adam IVrry's ])laee;' indeed, the house was but the old 
residence eidarged, and ada])ted in various ways to its new duties. 
But this being deemed insutficient to meet the denuinds liable to be 
made by the increase of paupers, as the county grew in years and 
numbers, it was decided in 1868 to buy a larger farm, farther from 
town, and to erect upon it a good, substantial and commodious ])oor- 
house. Accordingly a tract of land descrilied as the northeast quarter 
of section 12, in township 12 north, range 5 east, in Stai'k county, 
was purchased from Davis Lowman, at a cost of about sSjIMKi, and 
early in the following year ])reparations for building bc^gan — the 
committee in charge being V. M. S. Lyons, J. II. Quinn and II. Shiv- 
vers." Hewes White was appointed superintendent in March, 18()2. 
The old poor-farm was sold June 27, 1S('>8, in lots of five and ten acres, 
bringing s7,8<)."). A few months ])rior to this the county purchased 
from I)avis Lowman !(!(> acres for s^fi.dOf), and on this the ])i'es(Mit 
county poor-house stands. The buildings were erected by William 
Caverly at a cost of !r^l(i,Ul»(l. In ,\ugust, isTo. J. S. (Treen, superin- 
tendent, reported nine inmates. Lewis Lacy died tliei'e, July 2'.>, islu, 
in his 80th year. From 18fi8 to June. 1880, two hundred and two per- 
sons were i-eceived into this institution. Foi- a nundjei' of years Super- 
intendent ^Morrison has managed the house, and by methodical business 
means placed it at the ])innacle of all county charitable houses in the 
state. In l)eceml)er, l8S<i, the house v,as destroyed in' tire; no lives 
were lost, but the supei'intendent lost his personal ]m)i)erty. 

The inde.x to legislative acts affecting Stark county, froin ls;;'.i i<i 
I8t>9, is as follows: county formed, boundary and organization, L. 



I,s8y r2 Mar.). 2:^9; luuate county seat and extend county limits, after 
vote. L. 184:0 (1 Fel).), Cy2\ share in internal iniprovenn^it t'uinl. Id. (20 
Jan.), 65; assessments for 1830 legalized. Id. (1 Feb.), 77; Toulon to 
be county seat, L. 1841 (27 Feb.). 98; records made by B. Turner, 
deputy of B. ^I. Jackson, legalized, L. 1845 (18. Feb.), 3ti4; townshi}) 
from Henry and added to this county, vote thereon, L. 1849 (12 Feb.), 
55; shee]) and swine not to run at large, L. 1855 (14 Feb.), 154; school 
lands. T. 12. R. <>, sold by Isaac B. Essex, deeded by governor. L. 1851, 
townshij) law, L. 1853 (8 Feb.), 151; Osceola plat vacated, Pr. L. 1855 
(14 Feb.), 46; Wyoming chartered, 2 Pr. L. 1865 (16 Feb.), 642; Tou- 
lon chartered, Pr. L. 1859 (11 Feb.), 688; amendment, offenders com- 
mitted. 2 Pr. L. 1865 (16 Feb.). 583; Washington street partly vacated, 
Pr. L. 1S47 (26 Feb.), 204; same, Pr. L. 1851 (28 Jan.), 18;'countv to 
sell town lots, Pr. laws 1849 (;i2 Feb.), 133, and Pr. L. 1855 (14 Feb.), 
526; Toulon Lodge No. 93 A. F. and A. M. chartered, Pr. L. l.S5o (10 
Feb.), 569; trustees First Baptist church, acts legalized, Pr. L. 1859 
(12 Feb.), 33; supervisors sell seminary, 1 Pr. L. 1867 (18 Feb.) 4. 



()LITI("S, or the science of government, occu|)ies a first 
place in the estimation of all free peoples, and of those who 
would be free, even as it does in that of the governing 
classes of countries where little or no freedom exists. 
Under our own flag, in every county and municipality in 
the Union, ])olitics is an ever-recurring subject. For this 
reason a large sj)ace is devoted to this chapter, and the 
following summary of the history of conventions intro- 
duced. Previous to 1796 the nominations for Pi'esident 
and Vice President were entii-ely in the hands of the 
Electoral College; subsequently, the nominating power 
became one of the privileges of the several parties in ' 
Congress. George Washington was nominated as the tii'st 
President without any formality of convention in 1788. It 
is, ])erhaps, forgotten that John Adams had nearly half as many votes 
in the Electoral College. AVashington was renominated for a second 
term in 1792, but not without considerable ojiposition. Probably 
most readers of this generation do not know that in the tirst Electoral 
College the names of Lincoln and Hari'ison were presented as riviil 
candidates for election. R 11. Harrison, of ilaiyland. received six 
votes; and Benjamin Lincoln, (^f Massachusetts, one vote. The sharj) 
contrast lietween the method of nominating canditlates now and in 
the early days of the Republic is shown by tlie following sketch of 
the contest for the Presidency in 1800: The method, as the Constitu- 


tion then stood, of voting for two candidates without distinction as to 
the office for which the\' were intended — the one receiving the highest 
numljer of votes to be President — furnished pecuhar facihties for 
quietly displacing Adams without seeming to make any open attack 
upon him ; and even wnthout the necessity that more than a limited 
number of influential pohticians should lie in the secret. The names 
of Adams and Pinckney being Ijrought forward in a pi'ivate caucus of 
tlie Federal members of Congress held for the purpose of agreeing 
upon candidates to be supported i)V the party, it was recommended 
pretty unanimously that l>oth should be voted forecpially; but the 
opponents of Adams secretlj- hojied that means might be found to 
secure Pinckney the larger vote. A similar caucus of the opposition 
members selected as their candidates Thomas Jefferson and Aaron 
Burr — with the distinct understanding, however, that Jefferson was 
the choice of the party for President. Poth these caucuses were held 
with profound secrecy — this sort of dictation lieing not yet recognizeil 
as a part of the institutions of the country. Their proceedings, instead 
of being formally reported, were communicated to local leaders by 

In 18(i-l. for the first time, the electors balloted separately for 
President and Vice-President, Jefferson being chosen by the adminis- 
tration party, and Charles ('. Pinckney by tlie Federalists. In ISOS a 
Democratic-Republican congressional caucus nominated Madison, and 
a Federalist, Charles C. Pinckney. In lsl2 a congressional caucus 
renominated Madison, while an op])osition caucus at Xew York 
selected DeWitt Clinton. In IS 16 Monroe received the nomination 
of the Democratic-Pepublican congressmen, and Pufus King, of the 
Federalist caucus. In lS2ti the jiower of the caucus waned, failed, 
and Monroe was reelected. In 182-1 Crawford, nominee of a congress- 
i(jnal caucus, failed, and the revolt against the system threw the onus 
of nomination on State legislatures. Clay, Jackson, and J. Q. Adams 
were nominated, and the latter was ultimately elected by vote of the 
House. In 1828 Jackson was nominated by the Tennessee Legislature, 
and Adams by the National Pepublicans. Two years later the Anti- 
Masons" convention was called, met in September, 1831, at Phila- 
delphia, and nominated \Yilliam Wirt for President. In December 
the National Republicans nominated Clay at Baltimore, and the 
national nominating convention was at last a fact. Since 1830 the 
national convention has grown in popular favor, until in our own 
time it forms a meeting that claims the attention of the whole world. 
In the following record of elections menticm is made of the candidates 
for President, antl the vote each received in this county. 

I'reriiict Eli'tions. — The election of ls3!t for precinct Xo. i was 
held at T. J. Kurd's house, when fifty-five voters were jiresent. The 
August elections for justice of the peace resulted in the choice of Silas 
Richards. Israel Cummins was elected constable. The election of 
1839 for district Xo. 2 was iield at James IIolgate"s liotise. Forty-four 
votes were recorded for county officers. The election of township 
officers resulted in the clioice of Washington Trickle and John Finley, 
justices, and Lewis Finch, constable. Tlie elections of 1839 for pre- 


cinct No. 5. .at tlic house of Wm. II. Henderson, resulted in tlie choice 
of Wm. Mahoney and Josejih Perry, justices, and David Gwinn, con- 
stable. In September, David Gwinn, or Gwire, Avas elected justice. 
In precinct No. 1, fifty-three voters were of record. Wm. Parks and 
James Buswell received equal votes for justice, and Nicholas Sturm 
was elected constable. In September, Wm. Par'ks was elected over 
Buswell by six votes. 

County Elections. — The first general election after organization was 
held August 5, 1839. For some months prior to election day the 
county was kept at fever heat not only by the democrats and whigs, 
as distinct parties, but by sectional and personal influences within each 
l)arty. An account of the condition of the county at that time is given 
in cliapter Y. In the following pages a complete record of elections 
is given : 

August 5, 1839: Commissioner — Calvin Winslow, w., 120; Jonathan 
Hodg-eson. d.. Sa-l; William Ogle, d., 116; Calvin Powell, w., 10; Stephen 
Trickle, d., 114. Clerk— Oliver Whitaker, d., 98; Adam Perry, w,, 31; 
Robert McClennahan, w,, 85. Treasiirer — Minott Sillinian, d., 150; Enoch 
Cox, w., 71. Surveyor— Joseph C. Averv. Tl: J. W. Agard. d., 2; Charles 
H. Miner, w., 73; Carson Berfleld, d., 76. Judge— John Miller, d., 169; 
Augustus Richards, w. , 37. Recorder — Jesse Heath, d., 109: Y>. M. Jack- 
sou, d,, 114. 

August 3, 1840: Coniniissioner — William Ogle, d., 184; Stephen 
Trickle, d., 104. Sheriff- John Finley. d., 166; Samuel Butler, w., 130. 
Coroner — Adam Day, d., 178; Moses Boardman, d., 24; James Holgate, 
d., 29; B. Essex, d., 4. Representative — Elisha Swan, d., 163; W. H. 
Henderson, w,, 139. 

NovEMBEK 2, 1840: President — \V. H. Harrison, w., 181: .Martin 
Van Buren, d.. 154. 

Apkil 19, 1841: County seat — For location, 202; tigainst location, 65. 

August 2, 1841: Congress — Tames. H. Ralston, d., 146; John T. 
Stuart, w., 130. Commissioner — Brady Fowler, d., 138; W. y\' . A\"ebster. 
w., 124: Calvin Winslow, w., 6. School conimissioiuu- — Samuel C;iinp, d., 
73; Benjamin Turner, d., 65; Charles 11. Miner, w., 122. 

August 1, 1842: Governor — Thonuis Ford d., 189; .losepli Duncan, 
w., 152. Lt. -governor — John Moore, d., 183; W. H. Henderson, w., 133. 
State senator, Wm. H. Thompson, d. 173; Charles Ballance, w., 154. Rep- 
resentative — B. M. Jackson, d., 188; Henry Breese, w., 155; Cyrus Lang- 
worthy, 119. Con. convention — For convention, 288; against convention, 
27. Sheriff — John Finley. d.. 220; Lewis Perry, w., 105. Coroner — 
Adam Day, d., 180: Liberty Stone, w., 106. Commissioner — Jonathan 
Hodgeson d. , 140; scattering, 2. 

October 31, 1842: Sheriff — lohn Finlev, d., 86; J. K. McClennahan, 
w.. 4. 

August 7, 1843: Congress — J. P. Hoge, d., 166; Cyrus Walker, w.. 
180; Matthew Clnunbers. 13. School commissioner — Charles H. iliner, 
w., 176; William F. Thomas, d.. 155. Probate justice — Jonatlian Hodge- 
son, d., 164; Thomas Hall, d., 139. Commissioner — Lemuel S. Dorrance. 
w., 187; Jo.seph Palmer, d., 170. Clerk— Oliver Whitaker, d., 185: Jesse 
Heath, d., 165. Recorder — J. W. Henderson, w., 195; ]5enjamin Turner, 
d., 161. Treasurer — Minott Sillimau, d., 302; Sylvester Scliofield, 6. 
Surveyor — Carson Berfield, d., 258; Charles II. Miner, w,, 33. 


August 5, 18-44: Congress — Josepli P. Uoge, d., 215; M:irtiu B. 
Sweet, w., 178;. John Crass, a., 33. Commissioner — Joseph Palmer, d., 
200; Harry Hays, w., 189: Hugh Rhodes, a., 27. Representative — B. M. 
Jackson, d., Bureau, 22G; C. H. Miner, w. , Peoria, 144; W. W. Webster, 
a., Stark, 31. Representative — Benjamin L. Smitli, d.. Bureau, 303, 
Harvev Hadlev, \v., Peoria, 173; Lazarus Reeves, a.. Stark, 6. Sheriff — 
John \V. Henderson, w.. 201; John Finlev, d., 198; W. W. AVinslow, a., 
29. Coroner— John .Aliller, d.. 193; M. S. Hubbard, w., 183: Liberty 
Stone, a.. 28. 

NovEMBEK, 4, 1S44: President— J. K. Polk, d., 200: Henry Clay, w., 
187: James G. Birney, a., 33. 

August 4, 1845: Commissioner — Jefferson Trickle, d., 145; W. W. 
Webster, a., 28; School commissioner — James B. Lewis, d., 172: C. M. 
Garfield, d., 29: Hugh Rhodes, a., 17. 

Augusts, 184G: Governor — Augustus C. French, d., 217; Thos. M. 
Kilpatrick, w., 205; Richard Eells, a., 59. Lt. governor — J. B. Wells, 
iL, 218; N. G. Wilcox, w., 204; Abram Smith, a., 59. Congress — 
Thomas J. Turner, d., 220; James Knox, w., 207; Wait Talcott, a., 57. 
Senator — Peter Sweet, d,, 214; L. B. Knowlton, w., 196; Moses Pettin- 
gill, a., 58. Rej)resentative, Bureau, Peoria and Stark — Thomas Epper- 
son, d., 210; R. E. Thompson, w., 207; Albert G. Porter, a., 58. Repre- 
sentative, Bureau and Stark — Samuel Thomas, d., 184; Theodore F. Hurd, 
w., 227: Augustus A. Dunn, a., CO. Sheriff — J. W. Henderson, w.. 
204: Benjamin Turner, d., 173; Henry J. Rhodes, a., 32. Commissioner 
— James Holgate, d.. 222: Mvrtle G. Brace, w., 207; Giles C. Dana, a., 
50. Coroner — Philip Ansclnites, d., 217; E. M. Garfield, d., 192; Lib- 
erty Stone, a., 52. 

Ai'iiiL, 1847: Constitutional Convention — B. M. Jackson, d., 154; 
George H. Shaw, 11: Henry D. Palmer, w., 92; Hugh Rhodes, a., 23. 

August 2, 1847: Commissioner — Thomas Lyle, d., 213; H. R, Hal- 
sey, w., 200; W. W. Webster, a., 19. Clerk — T." J. Henderson, w., 231; 
James B. Lewis, d., 212, Recorder — Samuel G, Butler, w.. 223; John 
Berfield, d., 203. Treasurer — Minott Silliman, d., 223; John Miller, d., 
173; Joseph Blanchard, a., 49. Probate Judge — S. W, Eastman, d., 182; 
Thomas Hall, d., 138; Harvey J. Rhodes, a., 49. Surveyor — Carson Ber- 
field d., 316; William Buswell, a., 40. School Commissioner — James B. 
Lewis, d., 278: Samuel G. Wright, a.. 87. 

March 0, 1848: Xew Constitution — For, 233; against, 84. Article 
on colored jiersons — For, 148; against, 135. Two mill tax- — For, 250; 
against, 54. 

August 7, 184.S: Governor — Augustus C. French, d., 240; J. L. D. 
ilorrison. w.. ISO; CliurlesY. Dyer, a., 57. Lieutenant Governor — Will- 
iam .McMurtry, d., 243; Pierre Menard. 36; Henry H. Snow, 50, State 
Secretai-y — Hiirace C. Corley, d., 241; L. C. Payne Freer, 55; Levi Davis, 
31. Auditor — Benjamin E. Vail. 54: Milton "Carpenter, d., 243; Enoch 
Moore, 31. Conajress — Joseph B, Wells, d., 224; E. D. Baker, w., 
220; Joseph t^all'f. s.. 39. Senator— R. H. Spicer, d., 229; John 
Denny, w., 210: Joseph Jackman, f. s.. 37. Representative — Lemuel 
Andrews, d., 210: William Bailey, w.. 223, Harvey J . Rhodes, a., 40. 
Commissioner — Theodore P. Hurd, w., 239; Milton Atherton, d., 211; W. 
W. Webster, a.. 34. Sheriff — John Finley, d., 231; C. M. S. Lyon, w., 
225; (iiles C. Dana, a., 24. Coroner — William Chamberlain, w., 220; 
Jolin A. Williams, d.. isil; Ljliertv Stone, a., 35. 


September 4, 1848: Supreme Judge — John D. Caton, d., 200; Jesse 
B. Thomas, w., 55. Clerk of Supreme Court — Lorenzo Leland, w., 206; 
John M. Mitohell, d., 14. Judge of Circuit Court — Benjamin P. Frid- 
ley, d., 133; Theoplius L. Dickev. w., 130: Onslow Peters, d.. 10. States 
Attorney— Burton C. Cook, d.. 179: Edward S. Holbrook. d.. 38. 
Circuit Clerk — Oliver Whitaker. d.. 199; Jefferson Winn, d., 49: N. W. 
Rhodes, w., 12. 

NovEMBEK, 7, 1848: President — Taylor, w., 214; Cass, d., 174; Van 
Buren, f . s., 84. 

December 23, 1848: Representative — John Henderson, w., 218; 
Barnabas Jackson, d., 130. 

April 14, 1849: Probate Justice — Harvey'J. Rhodes, a., 105; Philip 
J. Anschutes, d., 19; Jonathan Hodgeson, d., 45. Adding Township 
14-5 — For, 172; against, 7. Adding S 4 of 14-5 — For, 154; against, 19. 

November 6, 1849: County Judge — James Holgate, d., 260; Harvey 
J. Rhodes, a., 127. Additional Justice — James B. Lewis, d., 231; 
William Ogle, d., 238; Herrick R. Halsev, w., 189; Henrv Breese, w.. 
157. County Clerk — T. J . Henderson, w., 245; Edward K. Wilson, d.. 
178. Treasurer — Benjamin Turner, d., 219; Samuel G. Butler, w., 194. 
Surveyor — Carson Bertield. d., 325: James Egbert, d., 25. School Com- 
missioner — Samuel G. Wright, a., 199; M. Shallenberger, d., 189. 
Township Organization — For, 103; against, 1U3. 

Janu.vry', 14, 1850: Circuit Judge — On.slow Peters, d., 193: William 
Kellogg, w., 131. States Attorney — Aaron Tyler jr., 150; Lewis AV. 
Ross, 115: Harmon G. Reynolds, 40: John T. Lindsay. 3. 

November 5, 1850: State Treasurer — John Moore, 100; Ebenezer 
Fuller, 23. Congress — Thompson Campbell, 157: Martin P. Sweet, 123. 
Representative — James M. Allan, w., 122; W. W. Drunimond, d., 137. 
Sheriff— William F. Thomas, d., 142: Stephen G. Worley, w., 129. 
Coroner — Minott Silliman, d., 100: Hiram Nance, w.. 100. 

November 4. 1851: Bank Law — For, 172:, 118. State Sen- 
ator — Samuel Webster, w., 161: Reuben H. Spieer. d., 154. Treasurer 

— Benjamin Turner, d., 204: six others, 13. Surveyor — Carson Bertield. 
d., 250; eight others, 11. School C!ommissioner — Sumuel G. Wright, a., 
152; T.J. Henderson, w.. 20; G. A. Clifford, w., 30. 

November 2, 1852: President — Pierce, d., 350; Scott, w., 336; 
Hale, f.s.,82. Governor — Joel A. Mattison, d., 357;EdwinB. Webb., w., 
338; D. A. Knowlton, f. s., 73; Lt. Governor — Gustavus Koerner, d., 
356; James L. D. Morrison, w.. 338; Philo Carpenter, f. s., 73. State 
Secretary — Alexander Starne, d., 350; Buckner S. Morris, w., 337: 
Erastus Wright, f. s., 72. Auditor — Thomas H. Campbell, d., 350; 
Charles Betts, w., 339 ; E. J. Smith, f. s., 71. Treasurer — John Moore, 
d., 357 : Francis Arenz, w., 343 ; JMoses Pettingill, f. s., 53. Senate — 
Benj. Graham, d., 358; Samuel Webster, w., 337: Geo. A. Clifford, f. 
s., 64. Legislature — W'm. Marshall, jr., d., 358: James M. Allan, w., 
384. Congress — Lewis W. Ross. d.. 301 : James Knox, w.,33S ; L. W. 
Curtis, f. s., 71. Court Judge — II. M. Wead. d., 362; H. 0. Merri- 
man, w., 318; Elisha N. Powell, w.. 59. States Attorney — E. G. 
Johnson, d.,418 ; Geo. W. Stipp, w., 340. Sheriff — Clinton Fuller, w., 
359 ; John Berfield, d., 350 ; Joseph Blanchard, f. s., 49. Court Clerk 

— Milton Eckley, w., 209 : Jefferson Winn, d., 298 ; Oliver Whitaker. i.. 
192. (!oroner-— Eijenezer Fuller, d., 330: David McCance, d.. 309; 
Amos Hodgeson, d . , 52 . Associate Juclge ■ — John F . Tiiomj)son. d . , 355 : 
Ilerrick R. Halsev, w., 334 ; Harvev J. Rhodes, a., 05. 

I'di.nicAi. nisioijv. 145 

Mai;i II l-t. ISo-'i : Court Judge — Onslow Peters, il., ITo: Eliliu A". 
Powell, w., 4,") ; Joiiiitlian K. Cooper, w., (iO. 

AiorsT 13, IS.j.'j : li. E. Sub. — For, 534 : against, 141. 

November 8, 18.53 : County Judge — .James Holsate, d., :.'o; : ller- 
rick K. Ilalsey, w., tSG : Harvey J. Rhodes, a., '.i. Clerk — Milton War- 
ren, d., 24(i : Miles A. Fuller, w., 2G8. Treasurer — Benj. Turner, d., 
246; Davis Lowniun, \v.. 255. Surveyor — Sylvester F. Otman, d., 264; 
.lames Perry, w.. 237. School Commissioner — S. (i. Wright, a., 218 ; 
Lueius E. Miner, w.. llli. 

Ai'iUL 4, 1854 : Township organization — For. 380 : against, 104. 

November, 1854: Congress — William McMurtry, d.. 213; James 
Knox, w., 390. Senate — John Moore, d., 233: James Miller, w., 272. 
Representative — Henry Grove, w., 347 ; T. J. Henderson, w., 395 : Wni. 
S. Moss, d., 182; Alexander Moncrief. d., 237. Sheriff — David 
McCance, d., 248; Joseph Blanchard. w., 327. Coroner — jNIinott Silli- 
man, d., 251 ; Luther S. Milliken, w., 348. 

JuxE 4. 1855 : Suppress intemperance — For, 428 ; against, 359. Su- 
preme Judge — John Dean Caton. d., 749 : E. S. Leland, w., 29. 
Supreme Court Clerk — Lorenzo Leland. w., 425. Circuit Judge — 
Onslow Peters, d., 42L ; Elilm X. Powell, w.. 334. 

XovEMBER 6,1855. Treasurer — Davis Lowmaii, w., 237: Mathew 

B. Parks, d., 136. Surve3'or — Sylvester F. Otman. f. s., 285; James 

C. Egbert, d.. 63. School Commissioner — R. C. Dunn, a., 381: C. 
M. S.Lyon, w., 07. 

April 1. 1850: Circuit Judge — Jacob (iale. d., 372: scattering, 98. 

November 4. 1856: President — Buchanan, d.. 353; Fremont, r., 
718; Filmore, Am.. 152. Governor — Wm . A. Richardson, d.,352; Wm. 
IL Bissell, r., 747; Buckner S. Morri,s, Am., 128. Lt. Governor — R. 
J. Hamilton, d., 356: John Wood, r., 749 ; Parmenas Bond, Am., 128. 
State Secretary — Wm . II. Snyder, d., 357: Ozias M. Hatch, r., 744; 
Wm. H. Young, Am.. 128. Auditor — Samuel K. Case.v. d., 356; Jesse 
K. Dubois, r.. 744. State Treasurer — John ^loore, d., 357; James Mil- 
ler, r.. 870. Superintendent of Instruction — T. H. S. Mathews, d., 355: 
AVm. II. Powell, r., 744: Ezra Jenkins, Am., 128. Congress — James 
\V. Davidson, d., 465: Wm. Kellogg, r.. 757. State Senate — .Tohn 
Dickson, d.. 436; T. J. Henderson, r., 767. Representative — Wm. S. 
Moss, d.. 339; M. Shallenberger, d., 458: .John T. Lindsay, r.. ;47: Cal- 
vin L. Eastman, r.. 720. Circuit Judge — YA'ihii X. Powell, r., 786; 
Amos Merriman, d.. 80. States Attorney — Joseph W. Parker, d., 406; 
Alexander McCoy, r.. 70ii. Slierifl — William Lowman. d., 588; Henry 
Breese, r.. 015. C'lerk — Jefferson Winn, r., 807; Milton Dwire, d., 406". 
Coroner — Benj. Ililliard, 742; John E. Atherton, 1-..472. Constitii- 
tional Convention — For, 1,008; against, 133. 

XovEMBER 3. 1857: Countv Judge — James Holgate. d.. 204; John 
Finley, r.. 390: C. W. Young. Am.. 78. Clerk — AVarham Mordoff, d.. 
190; ililes A. Fuller, r.. 479; Jas. G. Armstrqng, Am., 72. Treasurer 
— William Lowman, d., 275; Davis Lowman. "v.. 370; Xathan Snare, 
Am., 97. School Commissioner — R. C. Dunn. r.. 424: James Fergu- 
son, Am., 74: Charles Myers, d.. 229. Surveyor — Sylvester F. Otman. 
r., 404; John H. Anthony, d., 238; B. F. Fuller. Ann. 94. 

X'ovEMBER 2. 1858: State Treasurer Tames Miller, r., 933; Wm. F. 

Fondey, d ., 589; John Dougherty, d., 2. Superintendent Instruction — Xew- 
ton Bateman,r., 933: August C . French, d ., 588; John Reynolds, d., 2 . Con- 


gress — Wm. Kellogg, r., 9^9; James AV. Davidson, d., 58i; Jacob Gale, d., 
8. Representative — Thomas C. Moore, r., 930; Myrtle G. Brace, r., 930: 
Jacob Jamison, d., 585; Ebon C. Ingersoll, d., 583; Mathew McReynolds, 
d., 0; Wash. Oorrington, d., 4. Sheriff — Oliver P. Emery, r., 543; 
Mark Blanchard, d.. 511: Benj. F. Fuller, i., 4(i8. Coroner — Benj. L. 
llilliard, r.. 930; Henry M. Hall. d.. 588. 

XovEMBER 1, 1859: Treasurer — Wm. Lowman, d.. 445: Hugh Rhodes, 
r., 4G0. Surveyor — S. F. Otman, r., 485: J. H. Antliony, d., 425. School 
Commissioner — R. C. Dunn, r., 511: Wm. H. Butler, d., 401. 

November 6, 1860: Constitutional Convention — For. 1,481: Against, 
59. President — Lincoln, r., 1,104; Douglas, d., 659; Bell, 23. Governor 
— James C. Allen, d., 671; Richard Yates, r.. 1,167; Wm. Brown, 8. 
Lieutenant-Governor — Lewis W. Ross, d., 673: F. A. Hoffman, r., 1,104:- 
H. C. Blackburn, 8. State Secretary — Geo. H. Cami^bell, d., 673; Ozias 
M. Hatch, r., 1,172. Auditor — Bernard Artzen, d., 673; Jesse K. Dubois, 
r., 1,172. State Treasurer — Hugh Maher, d., 673 : Wm. Butler, r.. 
1,172. Superintendent Instruction — Edward R. Roe, d., 673; Newton 
Bateman, r.. 1.172. Congress — R. G. Ingersoll, d., 672; Wm. Kellogg, 
r., 1,174.' State Senate — Albert C. Mason, d., 673; Thomas J. Pickett, 
r., 1,172. Representative — John T. Lindsay, d.,069: Jacob Jamison, d., 
671; E. S. Johnson, r., 1,172; Theodore Hurd, r., 1,173. State's Attor- 
ney — Henry B. Hopkins, d.. 674; Alexander McCoy, r.. 1,170. Circuit 
Clerk — Theo. A. Foreman, d.. 698; P. M. Blair, r.. 1,128. Sheriff — 
Ephraim Markley, d., 710; Elisha Greenfield, r., 1,123. Coroner — Henry 
M. Hall, d., 680^; Jerome B. Thomas, r., 1,160. 

JuxE 3, 1861: Circuit Judge— Elihu X. Powell, r., 219; Amos L. 
Merriman. d.. 111. Clei'k Supreme Court — Lorenzo Lelaiid, r.. 180: 
David L. Hough, d., 141. 

November 5, 1801: Sjiecie Basis — For, 7; Against, 560. Delegate 
Constitutional Convention — Thos. J. Henderson, r.,476; Julius Manning, 
d., 153: Norman Purple, d., 73. County Judge — David ]\IcCance, d., 
534; John Finley, r., 19. County Clerk — Miles A. Fuller, r.. 525. Treas- 
urer — William Lowman, d.. 546. School Commissioner — Charles flyers, 
d., 260; N. F. Atkins, r., 314. Surveyor — AVilliam Nowlan. d.. "505; 
James C. Egbert, r., 53. 

June 17, 1862: New Constitution — For, 485; Against, 993. Art. 
on Bank. etc. — For, 529; Against, 916. Sec. 1, Negroes — For, 715; 
Against. 693. Sec. 2. Negroes — For, 1,382; Against, 39. Sec. 3, Ne- 
groes — For, 1,072; Against, 237. Congressional ApjJortionment — For. 
482; Against, 955. 

NovEMBEK 4. 1862." State Treasurer — Wm. Butler, r., 801; Alexan- 
der Starne, d., 566. Superintendent Instruction — Newton Bateman. r.. 
801; John P. Brooks, d.. 565. Congress — E. C. Ingersoll, r., 815; 
James C. Allen, d., 544. Congress — Owen Lovejoy. r., 5(;4: T. J. Hen- 
derson, u., 763: Benj. Graham" d.. 28. State Senate — Mark Bangs, r., 
794; John T. Lindsav, d.. 564. Representatives — Enoch Emery, r., 
777; Calvin L. Eastnn'in. r.. 79b; Wm. W. O'Brien, d.. 545; James Hol- 
gate, d., 590. Sheriff — B. Frank Fuller, r.. 703; Thos. W. Ross. d.. 
650. Coroner — Jeffrey A. Cooley, r., 743; Theo. Bacmeister. d.. 682. 

Novembers, 1863:" Treasurer— C. M. S. Lyon, r., 695; R.J. Dick- 
enson, d.. 206. Surveyor — HenryOliver. r.. 693; John 11. Anthony, d.. 
208. School Commissioner — N. F. Atkins, r., 697; Robert S. Barr. d., 

piii.rrK'Ai. iiisToiM'. 147 

\()\iCMi;i;i! \','. ISiJo: Circuit Judge — l\I . Sluilleuliero'er. d . . 441!; M. 
WilliiUH.sou, r. . S,s; . 

NovKMi'.F.i! S. 1S(14: I'residcut — Geo. li. :MrC'lellaii. d.. Clo; A. Liu- 
eoln, v.. 1.K4. (idveruor — James 0. liobiiison. d.. 014; Tl. J. Oglesby, 
r.. 1.174. Lieutouiuit-Cf<ivoi-nor — S. Corning Jndd. . d.. (114; William 
Bro.'i.s, r.. l.l^'i. Secretary State — WnuAT Turnev. d.. 014; Sharon 
Tvudale. v.. 1.174. Auditor — John Hise. d.. 614:'0. U. Miner, r.. 
1,174. U'l-easurer — Alexander Starne. d., Iil4: J. II. Beveridge, r.. 
1,174. Superintendent Instruction — John P. Brooks, d., 614; Newton 
Bateman, r., 1,174, Congress at Large — James C. Allen, rl., 014; Sam- 
nel \V. Moulton, r.. 1,174. Congress — James S, Eckles, d., 013; E. C. 
Ingersoll, r., 1,174. Kepresentative — Wm. Rounseville, d., 013; Jacob 
Ja'mieson, d., 012; Alex. McCoy, r.. 1,173; R. C. Dunn, r., 1.170. 
State's Attorney — Geo. E. Ford."d.. Oil; Chas. P. Taggert, r., 1.174. 
Sheriff — James Nowlan. d., 014; John M. Brown, r., 1,109. Circuit 
Clerk — Chas. Mvers, d.. 609; P. M. Blair, r.. I,17!t. Coroner — II. M. 
Hall, d., 614; John F. Rhodes, r., 1,170. 

May 7, 1864: Congress. — E. C. Inaersoll, r. 871 ; Hezekiah M, Wead. 
d., 405. 

June 0, 1804: Supreme Judge. — Charles l'>. Lawrence, r., 483; scat- 
tering, 14. 

NovEMBKii 7, 1805 : County Judge. — Hugh Rhodes, r., 358. Clerk — 
M. A. Fuller, r., 303. Treasurer — R. J. Dickinson, v., 300. Supt. of 
Scliools- B. G. Hiill. r., 300, Surveyor— l^dwin Butler, r., 370. 

November 0, 1806: State Treasurer — George W. Smitli. r., 1,293; 
Jesse J, Philips, d., 585. Supt. Instruction — Newton Bateman, r., 1,294; 
J. M. Crebs. d.. 585. Congress at Large. — John A. Logan, r., 1,292; T. 
D. Dickey, d.. 585. Congress — E. C. Ingersoll. r., 1,280 ; Silas Ramsey, d., 
585. State Senate— G. L. Fort, r.. L2i)2 ; W. E. Cook, d., 585. Repre- 
sentative— S. F. Otman, r.. 1.280 ; Thos. C. Moore, r.. 1.291 ; Wm. T. Dow- 
dall. d., 584; J. U. IJogers, d.. 585. Sheriff— Jesse Likens, r., 1.277 ; Cy- 
rus N. Anthony, d.. 590. (loroner — Tohn Fiidey. r., 1.292: David Fast. 
Jr., d.. 579. 

JrxE 3. 1867: Clerk Supreme Court — \V. M. Taylor, r.. 575; S. J. 
McFadden. d.. 8. Circuit Judge— S. I). Pnterliangh. r..'437 ; H. M. Wead. 
d., 209 ; J. K. Cooper, i., 21." 

NoyEinsKH 5. 1867: Keeinng up Stock — For, 0O5 ; against, 401. 
Treasurer — R. J. Dickinson, r., 765 ; Patrick Nowlan, d., 327. Surveyor 
— Edwin Butler, r., 058; John H. Anthony, d., 328. 

November 3. 1868: President — Seymour, d., 705; Grant, v.. 1.394. 
Governor — John R. Eden, d., 719 ; Jolni M. Palmer, r., 1.381. Lieutenant 
Governor — Wm. 11. Van Epps. d.. 71 ; : -John Dougherty, r.. 1.381. Sec- 
retary of State — (1. Van Horebekc, d.. 1 13; Edward Rummcl, r.. 1,384. 
Auditor — John R. Shannon, d., 710; Charles E. Lippincott, r., 1,377. 
State Treasurer — Jesse J. Phillips, d., ;iO: Erastus N. Bates, r.. 1.382. 
Attorney-General — Robert E. Williams, d.. ;iO: AVasli. Bushnell. r., 1.381. 
Penitentiary Commissioners — J. W. Connet. d.. 716; W. M. Gai'i'ard. d.. 
710; Calneh ZarJey. d.. 710; Andrew Shuman, r.. 1,382; John Reid, r., 
1,382 ; Robt. E. Logan, r.. 1.383. Congress at Large— AV. W. O'Brien, d.. 
715; John A. Logan, r.. 1,382. Congress — .John N. Niglas. d.. 717; E. 
C. Ingersoll, r., 1,351 ; Samuel Dorr, t.. 3. Board of Ecpuilization — Wm. 
French, d.. 615; Ela H. Clapp, r.. 1,380. Constitutional Convention — 
For, 582; Against, 664. States Attorney— J. W. Cochran, d., 720: Chas. 


P. Taggiii't, r., IjlJGl. Representative — Patrick Nowlau, d.. 738; Henry 
Trnitt, cL, 7:51 ; B. F. Thompson, r., 1.353 ; W. E. Plielps, r.. 1,360. 
Circuit Clerk— Wm. Lowman, d.. 7r38 : John M. Brown, r., 1,303. Sherifl: 
— C. P. Jackson, d., 726; S. M. Adams, r., 1.365. Coroner — Wni. liiad- 
ley, d., 716 ; Thomas Hall, r., 1,376. 

^'^OVEMBEU 2. 1869: Coustltutioinil Clonvention — Henrv N. Wells, r., 
704; M. A. Fuller, r., 733; Henry Grove, d., 360; M. Shallenlierger. d., 
374. County .Judge — Iluah Rhodes, r.. 69!) ; James Snare, i., 273. Countv 
Clerk— Oliver \Vhitaker,^r., 737; Tiios. J. Wright, d.. 234. Treasurer— 
R. J. Dickinson, r.. 706; Benj. A. Newton, i., 254. Superintendent of 
Schools— B. G. Halt i'-- "81 ; John AV. Agard, d., 380. Survevor— Edwin 
Butler, r., 703; J. H. Anthony, d., 368. 

July 3. 1870 : New Constitution — For, 609 ; Against, 65. 

November 8, 1870: State Treasurer— E. N. Bates, r., 768; Charles 
Ridglv, d., 494; R.J. Hammond, t.. 3. Penitentiary Commissioners — 
Ehner Washburn, r., 767; Casper Butz. r.. 767; Frank T. Sherman, d.. 494; 
Thomas Redman, d., 493 ; J. F. Siinson, t.. 3 ; Joseph Smith, t., 3. Snpei-- 
intendent of Public Instruction — Carl Feinse, d., 495 : N^ewton Bateman, 
r., 763 ; D. Wilkins, t.. 3. Sheriff— S. M. Adams, r.. 665 ; E. B. Lvon, d., 
581. Coroner— P. P. Johnson, r., 490: James Oulbertson, i., 406'; Madi- 
son Winn, d., 348. State Senate. — Lucien H. Kerr, r.. 691 ; Mark Bangs, 
r., 766; J. AV. Cochran, d., 514; ^Y. E. Cook, d., 494; Lucien E. Kerr, 
error, 49. Representative — M. A. Fuller, r., 759; James M. Rogers, d., 
496. Congress at Large — John A. Logan, r., 763, AVm. B. Anderson, d., 
495; J. AV. Nicholson, t.. 3. Congress — E. C. Ingersoll, r., 547; B. N. 
Stevens, d., 586 ; F. B. Ives, t., 63. 

November 7, 1871 : Congress at Large — .John L. Beveridge, r., 64<) ; 
Samuel S. Hays, d., 343. Surveyor — Edwin Butler, r., 615: John An- 
thony, d., 351. Treasurer — R. J. Dickinson, r.. 489; Geo. Nicholas, d.. 
486 ; Alex. Hepperly. i., 5. 

November 5, 1872: President — Grant, r., 1318; Greeley, 1. r.. 606: 
O'Connor, d., 5. Governor — R. J. Oglesby, r., 1317; Gustavus Koerner, 
1. r., 665; Sidney Creese, d., 5. Jjieutcnant Governor — J. L. Beverage, 
r., 1331; Charles Black. 1 . d., 663: S. B. Allen, (i; B. S. Storrs, d.. 5. 
Secretary of State — Geo. H. Harlow, r.. 1318; Edward Rummel, 1. r.. 
664; J.W. AVallace, 7; Ethan Sutton, d., 5. Auditor — C. E. Lippen- 
cott. r.,1193; Daniel O'Harra, 1. d.. 670; 0. E. Burch, 6; C. H. AVeit- 
nian, d., 5. State Treasurer — Edward Rutz, r., 1320; C. II. Jjanphier, 1.. 
664; Geo. Dietrich, 7; Henry AVest, d., 4. Attorney General — Jas. K. 
Edsall, r., 1219; John V. Eustace. 1. d., 663; John 0. Robinson, 7; Geo. 

A. Meach, d., 4. Board of Equalization — Rufus AV . Miles, r., 1,232; 
Samuel P. ilarshall. 1. d.,669. C'lerk of Supreme Court — Carlo D. 
Trimble, r.. 1223: Eli Smith, 1., 664; J. K. Malburn. d., 5. Congress 
— N. E. AVorthington. 1. r.. 677; Granville Barrere, r., 1310; J. H. 
Nicholas, d., 4. State Senate — L. B. Whiting, r., 1313; Milo Ken- 
dall. 1., 668. Representative — Cyrus Bocock. r.. 1864; Joab R. Mul- 
vane, r., 1834*; M. R. Dewey, \. r., 1946*. Circuit Clerk — J. M. 
Brown, r., 1144; H. J. Cosgrove. 1. r.. 697. Sheriff— S. M. Adams, r.. 
1138; E. B. Lvon, 1. d.. 746. States Attorney — J. II. Miller, r., 1156; 
P. M. Blair, "l. r., 697. Coroner — P. P. .Johnson, r., Il(i5: AV. T. 
Hall, 1. r., 663; James Culbertson, i., 43. 

Juxi: 3, 1873: Circuit Judge— Henry B. Hopkins, r., 420; J. AV. 
Cochran, a. m. d., 373; Henry W. AA'ells, i., 76. Supreme Judge — C. 

B. Lawrence, r., 470; A. M. Ch-aig, a. m. d., 399. 


I'dlJTICAr. HISTclin'. l.'ll 

XovEAriiKK i. 18;;i: County Jiitlge — ^\'. W. AViIliIiI . r..i(J;i; D. Low- 
infin, a. in. r., 088. Clerk — David J. Walker, v.. ',S',: .1. Armstrong, ;i. 
in. r.. i!.")!i. Treasurer — Orhindo Brace, r., 733; CI. W . Nicholas, a. m . 
d.. ;ii'.i. Superintendent Schools — Alonzo Abbot, r., 786; E. II. Phel]).s, 
a . in . . (io.") . 

A'ovEMBEK 3, 187-t: State Treasurer — T. S. Ridgeway, r., 7i!l; David 
Gore, a. m. d.,571. State Superintendent Schools — Wm. B. Powell, r. , 
795; S. M. Etter, a. m. r., .553. Congress— R. II. Whiting, r.. 711: 
L. F. Ross, a. m. d.,030. State Senate — L. D. Whiting, r., 773: J. 
Benedict, a. m., 574:. Reiirescntative — A. (f. Hammond, r., I;i98; Jonas 
H. Moore, r., 987; Davis Lowman. a. m. r., 907: J. J. Ilerron, a. in. 
d.. SKi. Sheriff — S. M. Adams, r., 863; A. A. (iingrich, a. m. d.. 
481. Coroner — W. 11. Butler, r. 801; S. Grimshaw, a. m. r., 540. 

November 2 1875 . Treasurer — Orlando Brace, r . , 493 ; AV . K . Fuller. 
1. r., 457. Surveyor— Edwin Butler, r., 501; John II. Ogle, 1. d., 437. 

Electioks, 1870 : Twenty-one Presidential P^lectors, r., 1,440 ; d., 780; 
g. b., 90 ; pro., 4. Governor — Shelby M. Collum, r., 1,493; Lewis 

Steward, d., 880; James F. Simpson, g. b., ; Samuel B. Allen, 

jjro.. 4. Congress — Thomas A. Boyd, r., 1,307: George A. Wilson, d., 
84-.J ; William W. ifathews, g. b., 104. Representatives — Daniel J. 
Ilurd. r., 2,078 ; Charles Baldwin, r., 2,027+ ; James Nowlan, d., 2,02(H ; 
James J. Herron, g. b., 0444-. State's Attorney ^ — Bradford F. Thompson, 
r., 1,101 ; John E. Decker, d., 1,111. Clerk of Circuit Court — John 3L 
Brown, r., 1,418 : David Tiulin, d., 880. Sheriff — Samuel M. Adams, r., 
1.477: James M. Lawman, d.. 827: William J. Vance, — ., 1. Coroner 
— Wilson Trickle, r., 1,433: William B. Armstrong, d., 879. 

Elections, 1877: Judge 8th Circuit — David McCulloch, r.. 30O : 
Elbridge G. Johnson. — , 42 ; Geaser A. Roberts, d., 172 : John B. Cohns, 
d., 5. County Judge — William W. Wright, r., 809; Patrick M. Blair, 
d., 409. Clerk — David J. Walker, r., 1,221 ; David Lowman, pro., 4 ; 
Treasurer — Orlando Brace, r., 670; Donald ilurchinson, r.. 137; P. S. 
Mattox. d., 156 ; Williston K. Fnller, g. b., 251. 

Elections, 1878: Congress — Thomas A. Boyd, r., 997; George A . 
Wilson, d., 332 ; Alex. ^IcKeighan, g. b., 452. State Senator — Lorenzo 
D. Whiting, r., 990 ; James ilcGinnis, g. b., 589; Alex. H. Thompson, 
— , 311. Representatives — Simon Elliott, r., 1,060^; Martin Shallen- 
berger, d.. '.I2'.i+ ; Albert G. Scott, g. b., 1.301 ; Svlve'ster F. Ottman, r., 
1,703. Sheriff — C. F. Hamilton, d., 800; S. M. Adams, r., 1,095; 
Andrew Galbraith. r., 1. Coroner — W. B. Armstrong, g. b., 892 ; John 
F. Kliodes, r., 1,017. Constitntional Amendment — To amend sec. 31, 
art. 4, 1,794; against, 69. 

Elections, 1879: Treasurer — Orlando Brace, r.,842; Absolam D. 
Perrine, g. b., 006. Surveyor — Manning A. Hall, r., 902: John W. 
Agard, d., 536. 

' Elections, 1880 : Pres. Electors — Twentv-one Electors, r., 1,383; 
d., 681 : g. b., 380; pro., 4. Governor — Shelby McCullom, r., 1,378 ; 
Lyman Trumbull, d., 084; Alvin J. Streeter, g. b.,382; Uriah Copp, 
pro., 4. C(nigress, 9th — John H. Lewis, r., 1.363; John S. Lee. d , 
094: Wm. II. Revnolds, g. b.. 372. Board of Equalization — Wm. Mel- 
lor, r.. 1,383 : Charles F. Robison, d., 083 : Matthew H. Mitchell, —, 379. 
Representatives — Charles Baldwin, r., I,91(i4 ; Svlvester F. Ottman. r.. 
2.313i; John II. Welsh, g. b., 1,989; Simon Elliott, d., 1.077^: C. 
Otman, 0. State's Attorney — Bradford F. Thompson, r., 1,291 : Win, 


E. Scott, d., 1,110. Circuit Court Clerk — John M. Browu, r., 1,357; 
Samuel tl. lirees, tl., l,nlG. SherifE — Samuel W. Adams, r., 1,397; Eugene 
B. Lyon, d., J, 033. Coroner — John F. Khodes, r.,, 1,378 : Kobert W. King, 
g. b., 1,05:2. Constitutional Amendment — For amendment of sec. 8, 
art. 10, 8()3 ; against, G5C. 

ELEi'Troxs 1883 : Congress 10th — John II. Lewis, r., 1,148; Nicholas 
E. Worthington, d., 553; Matthew H. Mitchell, g. b., 320. Senator 
25th — Lorenzo D. Whiting, r.. 812; John E. Decker, d., 785; John C. 
Copestake, g. b., 320; Eeiiresentative 25th — John Lackie, r., l,895i; 
James F. Thomson, g. B., l,3!t] ; John II. Welsh, d., 1.45U; A. B". 
Avcrv, r., 1.1534-; John T. Thornton. ])ro., 534. County Judge — Wil- 
liaiii'W. Wright.'r., 1,178; David McCance, d., 517; George W."^Bradley, 
g. b.. 327. Y'lerk — David J. Walker, r., 1,230; Patrick M. Blair, d., 
4C1; S. I{. Hazen, g. b., 318. Sheriff— Andrew Galbraith, r., 1,278; 
Ira G. Foster, d., 3!)G; Thomas Gemmell, g. b., 352. Coroner — Charles 
W. Teeter, r., 1,172; David G. Plummer,\l., 512; R. W. Young, g. b., 
303. Treasurer — Orlando Brace, r., 1,137; John H. Anthony, d.,401; 
John Dexter, g. Ij., 470. Superintendent Schools — William E. Sandham, 
r., 1.129; Amelia L. Ilalsej', ind., 610; B. F, Jackson, g. b., 229. Ap- 
propriation — For the 1531,712.18, 862; against, 558. Canal Cession — 
For, 1,435; against, 181. 

Electioxs 1884: President — James G. Blaine, r., 1,365; Grover 
Cleveland, d., 784; B. F. Butler, g. b., 99; St. John, pro., 213. Gov- 
ernor — Richard J. Oglesby, r., 1,384; Carter H. Harrison, d., 796; James 
B. Hobbs, g. b., 92; Jesse Harper, pro., 190. Congress — Nicholas A. 
Worthington, d., 1,102; Julius S. Starr, r., 1,336. Board of Equaliza- 
tion—William Meelor, r., 1.379; R. A. Perkins, d., 791. Representa- 
tives-Simon Elliott, g. b., 9054.; James li. Miller, r., 2,066; Albert W. 
Bovdon, v.. 3,038; Eli V. Eallv, d., 3,057. States Attorney— John E. 
Decker, d., 1,268; Bradford >. Thompson, r., 1,084. Circuit Court 
Clerk — JohnM. Brown, r., 1,403; Paul Newton, ind., 1,032. Coroner 
Sedgwick E. Hazen, g. b., 1,038: David S. Burroughs, r., 1,375. Sur- 
veyor — Carson Bertield, d.. 1,082; Edwin Butler, r., 1,376. Committee 
on Amendments — For amendment of sec. 16, art. 5, 1,207; against, 258; 
lor state house appropriation, 850; against, 1,249. 

ELECTION'S 1S,S5: Judge Circuit Court — David McCullough. r., 898; 
N. M. Laws, r., 874; Thomas M. Shaw, d.. 692; Samuel S. Page. d.. 734; 
Nathan W. Green, d., 641. 

Electiox OF 1886: State Treasurer — Taiinei-, r., 1,233; Rickcr. d., 
785; Austin, pro., 134. Superintendent Instruction — Edwards, r., 1,232; 
Oldt, d., 779; Gilmer, pro.. 136. Congress— Post, r., 1.194; Worthing- 
ton, d., 890; McCnlloch, pro., 133. Senate — Washburn, r., 1,327; Bry- 
ant, d., 851; Trimble, pro.. 131. Representative — James H. Miller, r., 
2,238: Pomerov, d., 1,148; Morrasy, pro., 33; De.xter, r., 2,684; Bloom, d., 
351. Judge — 'Fuller, r., 1,280; Shallenberger. d.. 770; Nowlan, pro., 133; 
Clerk — Walker, r., 1,250: Nowlan, d., 830; Callison, pro., 123. Treas- 
xii-er — Hawks, r., 1,363; Colwell. d., 801; Oliver, pro., 136. Sheriff — 
Montooth, r., 1,354; Hamilton, d., 639; Newton, pro.. 296. Superin- 
tendent Schools — Sandham, r., 1,280; Sherman, d., 591: Mrs. Stouffer. 
pro., 308. Coroner — Sprague. r.. 1.217: Rogers, d.. 775; Newland. 
pro., 157. 

In Xoveinber, IssO, a majority of 308 votes opposed tlie in-oposcd 
constitutional araendiuent. It is stated on got)d authority that Henja- 

I'Of.rnt'Ai. insidKV. 153 

iiiin Turner, James M. TLoiiias, and Win. I.owitian were delegates to 
the Chicago River and Harbor convention of ls4'.i; Init there is no 
mention of a Stark County delegation in the reports of tliat meeting 
made by Horace (ireeley. 

The office of blaster in Chancery was establislied here in 1853, 
when II. J. Drummond was appointed. In ]S5i Martin Shallenbergei' 
was commissioned, and served until 1S50, when James A. Ilender.son 
received the appointment, but resigned m May, 18*32. George A. 
CliflFord was appointed, but did not file bonds. In 18t;5 he was 
succeeded l)y James W. Hewitt, and he by Judge W, W. Wright in 
18<!9, who filled the office until 1875. In this year John E. Decker 
received the ])osition. In 1879 Allen 1'. ]\Iiller was commissioned 
Master, and served until the appointment of Patrick M. Blair in 188('>. 

Local Political Conventions. — The first convention or caucus ever 
held in Stark county was in 1838, followed by the more imjiortant one 
of 1839. For the decade and a half succeeding there is nothing on 
record to show who i)articipated in political organization l)eyond the 
election returns embraced in this chapter. 

The Democratic convention for Peoria and Stark counties assem- 
bled at Princeville, August 14. 1850. James IIol";ate presided, with 

E. P. O'Donnell and RosAvell Bills, secretaries. Ihe delegates from 
Stark county were Benj. Turner, J. Jamieson, Elisha Barton. Sylvester 

F. Otman, Paul Bouse, jr., Xicholas Sturm, W. D. Blanchard, and 
James liolgate. The delegates-at-large were B. M. Jackson, E. M. 
Emery. W. B. Armstrong, and W. ( )gle. J. W. Parker was nom- 
inated for })rosecuting attorney, and Martin Shallenberger for repre- 
sentative. The following notice ajipeared under date, Wyoming, Til., 
September 29, 185G: "The Old Line Whigs of Stark are requested to 
]neet at Toulon, October 8, 1856, for the pui'pose of organizing the old 
Whig ])arty." This was signed by Henry Butler. This meeting was 
duly held, and the republican ticket of Miat year approved. The 
American caucus followed with their nominations, and the officers of 
three j)arties were named for the thrilling campaign of that vear. 

Stephen A. Douglas visited Toulon, October 20, 1858. 'The next 
day Aljraham Lincoln arrived. The first Lincoln man in Stark county 
was Hugh Godfi-ey, the wagon-maker, who, in 1858, after Lincoln's 
visit to Toulon, wrote with chalk on the cross-beam of his shop : " For 
President in 1860, Abraham Lincoln." When asked was he in earnest, 
he said. "Old Abe is the man I am going to vote for in 186n," and hi' 
did vote for him. E. W. Blaisdell. who is still living in Eockford, 111., 
claims to be the first man who publicly suggested Abraham Lincoln 
for President. This he did in a "ringing editorial" in the Rockford 
Jiejjuhlican, of which he was editor during the memoral)le Lincoln- 
Douglas senatorial campaign. The joint discussion Ijetween R. C. 
IngersoU and Judge Kellogg took place at Toulon, Seiitember 25, 1800. 

Throughout the winter of 186(i-l, "Kansas Meetings" were held 
in every township, when moneys antl supjilies were liberally con- 
tribute(i for aid of the Kansas sufferers. 

The Democrat, in noticing the re))ublican ratification meeting at 
Toulon, says: "We are informed that the Hon. M. G. Brace has a 


splinter of the veritable rail that "Old Hanks" bronght into the Re- 
])ublican State Convention. If a rail can make Lincoln jn'esident, cer- 
tainh' a splinter onglit to send Mr. Brace to the legislature. Headers, 
the genuineness of tliis splinter is well authenticated. Thei'e has been 
a question al)out the rails whicii tiie Kei)ublicans had at their ratifica- 
tion meeting, some people stiying tiiey were stolen fi-om Culbertson's 
fence, but you can rely on this splinter." 

The unconditional Union convention of Stark county assembled 
October 19, 1863, with O. Whitaker jn-esident and Dr. 'A. M. Pierce 
secretary. The Union convention of 1 864 assembled August 20, George 
W. Dewey ])resident. The delegates were: Toulon — George W. 
Dewey, lirady Fowler, George W. Scott, R. C. Dunn, James Johnson, 
(". M. S. Ljfon and Ilirani Willett. West Jersey — Jacob Young, J. 
liaymond, S. H. Sanders, I. L. Newman and E. B. Pomeroy. Osceola 

— .lohn Lackie. I. W. Searle, Alfred Foster and J. G. Fowler. Goshen 

— J. H. Wilbur, Hugh Rhodes, D. M. Kelly, Charles Hines and J. H. 
Barnett. Elmira — Walter M. Fuller, James Buswell, Lewis Austin 
and George Grey. Penn — George Moss, AVilliam Eagelston, John 
Acklev and Robert M. Bocock. Vallev- — Joseph Woodward, II. 
McVicker iind J. M. Rogers. Essex — H. A. Hoist, O. C. Walker, 
Joseph Cox, Hopkins Shivers and Edward Trickle. The delegates to 
congressional convention elected were P. M. Blair, W. H. Butler, John 
Schank and James Blanchard. Davis Lowman, Isaac Thomas and P. 
M. Blair were elected members of the central committee. 

The Cincago D-lhune, published Septemlier, 1870, gave an account 
of the Sons of Liberty in Illinois, and their design to capture Camp 
Douglas and I'elease the Confederate prisoners in November, 1864. In 
the list of prominent members of the order the present postmaster 
(Judd) of Chicago, Martin Shallenberger of Toulon, and a half a dozen 
of men from Putnam, Henry, Knox and Marshall counties are men- 
tioned. In 7'eference to those terril)le days, it might be added that 
had not cool heads led the peo])le of Stark their zeal wouhf have 
In-ought them to tiie execution of four or five neigidjors. a)iil thus 
blacken one of the proudest war records in Illinois. It is a fact that 
neither Judd, Sliallenberger, or any of the men named in the report, 
entertained the idex of rescuing the prisoners. 

The Union League, then in full force here, eml)race<l almost the 
entire numljer of rejiublican voters residing here. The differences ex- 
isting between the Knights and League did not rest at all on the 
former's sympathy with the rebellion, but were grounded mainly on 
plans for a settlement between tlie North and South. The LTncondi- 
tional Union party of Stark county called a convention for September 
23, 1865, which call was signed by P. ^I. Blair, Davis Lowman and 
Isaac Tliomas, Union Central Committee. 

Tlie lirst soldiers conventiou of Stark county was held (October 21, 
1865, and n(nninated a soldier's ticket for county officers. Rev. A. J. 
Wright, nominated for county judge, S. F. Ottman for county clerk 
and Oliver AVhite, for superintendent of schools, declined the nomina- 

On August 27, 1869, the temperance convention held at Buda, 


nominated Eev. F. I>. Ives, for cong-ress. It is related that uj) to tliis 
time temperance ideas grew apace under the genial guidance of tem- 
perance associations ; hut now politics crept into each meeting room, 
organization decayed. s(j to speak, and meii who were reclaimed solely 
l)y association, fell hac-ic into their drunken ways. 

The anti-polygamy meeting, lield at Toulon on Felu'uary. 1SS:>, was 
addressed by Judge Wright, A. P. Miller, B. F. Tliompson and llev- 
erends Myers and Stouffer. J. II. Miller offered the i-esolution as 
follows: " Resolved, by tlie citizens of Toulon m mass meeting assem- 
bled, irrespective of sex, political parties, or religious creeds ; Ijeing 
fully impressed with tlie lielief that all citizens, no matter where situ- 
ated, should and do look- with lioi'i'or upon the encroachment of any- 
tliing that tends to invade our homes, or tlie homes of our fellow citi- 
zens; as well a^any teaching or practice that tends to set at defiance 
the sanctity of the mai-riage relation, or doctrine that under the ])re- 
tense of a revelation ileties the laws of both God and man, which have 
declared from time iflimemorial in all civilized nations and govern- 
ments, ' that one man should have but one wife, and one woman but 
one husband ; except in ca">e of death or a legal separation in conform- 
ity with the laws of civilized legislation, when either is at lilierty to 
nian-y again.' And we denounce in unmeasured terms any doctrines 
or teachings that recognize any invasion of the sanctity of the mar- 
riage relation, or endangers social order as understood in all enlightened 
governments; being without precedent in the past, and in utter tleti- 
ance of all that is pure or sacred." The second i-esolution denounced 
mormonism and its jiractices, and called upon the journalist, preacher 
and orator to act and speak in favor of the bill then l)efore congress. 
In the fall of 1SS2 the ditfei'ences between the republicans of Stark 
and Piureau counties In re the senatorial convention, were amicably 

The greenback county convention held at Wyoming, in August, 
188-f. endorsed the county ticket of the prohibition and democratic 
parties. The democratic and republican conventions of that year par- 
tofik in a great measure of tlie interest attaclied to the presidential 

The first prohibition convention of the loth congressional disti'ict 
assembled at Elmwood, kSeptemljer 2S, ISSti. Stark was reiiresented 
])V E. ('. Baker. J. M. Jones, Wm. A. Newton, E. B. Lvon. Eli Enu-r- 
ick, J. C. Atherton. Rev. D. G. Stouffei-. II. Y. Godfrey.' Judge David 
McC'ulloch received the nomination for congress. AVilliam Xolaii is 
president of the central committee. 

The greenback district convention was held at Peoria. Se|)t('nilier 
15, ISSfi. The Stark county delegates were Jacob Shuhnv, W. II. 
Sherman, C. F. Hamilton, Dexter G. D. Eagleston, Anton Sundguist, 
Phiii]i Bronier, Michael Ryan, Allen Burl, J. B. Robinson, Richard 
Iloadley, John Foster C'oulson. Some discussion followed tlie ]>ro])o- 
sition to nominate a greenback ticket, and in the confusion which fol- 
lowed, Richard Iloadley, chairman of the Stark county delegation, 
announced that, "as it was very plain to be seen that tJie convention 
was being run i)y bulldozers, that they could hope for no iiii|iartial 


decisions by the chair thev shouM witlidraw from the convention." 
This tiiey imniediately did, followed l)y a hii'ge portion of the Kno.x 
county delegation and a ])art of the Peoria county delegation. Fif- 
teen delegates remained, nominated W. T. Wallace, and resolved to 
call their ticket " The National Lal)or Party." The thirty-nine wiio 
withdrew, met in John Bi-ady's office as a regular convention, adopted 
four resolutions, one of which was an approval of ilr. "Worthiiigtoirs 
course in Congress, and one expressive of adhesion to the greeid)ack 
jiarty. The committee on resolutions comprised J. T, Thom])son, ('. 
F. Tiamilton and Irwin J. (lark. The nominee for Congress declined 
and A. M. Clark was subsequently selected. 

The Republican convention of the tenth district was held at (lales- 
buro', August 2r>, 1SS6. Col. William Jackson, Miles A. Fuller, and 
1!. F. Thomjjson represented the county on the committees of creden- 
tials, organization, and resolutions respectively. A. 'G. Hammond's 
motion to ])roceed with an infonnal l)allot was carried, and the roll of 
counties for nomination being called, J. A. Lfeeper, of Fulton, nom- 
inated Hon. G. B;irrere; G. W. Price, of Knox, nominated Gen. P. S. 
Post; and P>. F. Thompson, of Stark, nominated Judge W. W. Wright 
as the unanimous choice of Stark coimty. Mr. John McGinnis,()f 
Peoria, seconded the nomination of Mi'. Wright. The roll was then 
called and stood as follows: Fulton. 'I'i for Parrere; Knox, 2.") for 
Post; Peoria, 15 for Post and 15 for Wright ; Stark, 7 for Wright, 
making a total of 23 for Barrere, -1-0 for Post, and 22 for Wright. 
Before the announcement of the vote by the chairman, the Fulton 
county delegates changed their votes from Barrere to Wright, making 
the total vote stand 45 for Wright and 40 for Post. A motion to 
adjourn was lost by a vire voce vote, but carried by a rising vote. On 
reassembling, the first formal liallot was taken as follows: l'\dton, 
Wright 21, Post 2; Knox, Post 25; Peoria, Wright 12, Post 18; 
Stark, Wright 7; total. Post 45; Wright 40. On motion of Cajit. 
Thomjison, Gen. Post's nomination was made unanimous. Mr. 
Thompson's speech in nominating Judge AVright was highly '-oinpli- 
niented liy tiie Galesljurg and Peoria jiapers. Judge AV right made a 
speech, promising his best su])])ort and that of Stark county to the 
successful candidate. 

The Democratic Congressional coiiventi(jn of the tenth district for 
1886 was held at Canton. X. PI Worthington was renominated. S. 
Y. Thornton, of the Fulton county L/'dyer, called the convention to 
order. Dr. AValter Ilall, of Toulon, was made chairman of the con- 
vention, and J. E. Walsh, of Peoria, secretary. The delegates to the 
convention Irom this county were V. 11. Brown, Di'. W T. Ilall, Ed 
Colgan, and Frank Thomas. The alternates were J. Isl. liogers, W. 
T. IJitmon. 1'. AV. Ross, and IMatthew McKeighan. The (lelegates 
were instructed lor .\. E. Worthington. 

The Stark county ])rohil)itioii convention, which met at Toulon, 
June 12, ISSC), made the following nominations for county ofKcers: 
AVin. Xowlan, of I.atayette, for couiitv judge; G. E. Calli.soii, of 
Toulon, for county clerk; ]\rrs. 1). (t. Stoiilfer, of AVvoming, for sii|)er- 
intiMident of schools; AV. A. Newt(m, of Toulon, for sheriff; \Viii. 


Xewland. of Tcmlon, for coroner. The following- were ajtpointed 
delegates to attend tlie state prohibition convention lield at S|n-ing- 
tieliiy June 2:-5, ISSl!: J. j\[. Jones, Lafayette ; Eli Emerv, Toulon; S. 
Iv. llazen. West Jersey; and J. C. C'opestake, Wyoming. 

The Greenback county convention assembled August 28, 188fi, with 
W. B. Armstrong as chairman, and C. F. Hamilton as secretary. 
Jacob Shulow, Henry ('olwell, and W. H. Sherman com])osed the 
connnittee on organization. Dr. King, of West Jersey; J. I>. Robin- 
son, of Essex; and Richard Iloadley wei'e the connnittee apjiointed to 
confer with a committee frcmi the Democratic convention on the ticket 
to be indorsed by this convention. The report of this committee was 
received, and upon motion adopted, to indorse the ticket nominated 
bv tlie Democratic county convention. The following were ajipointed 
delegates to the congressional convention, with insti'uctions to vote for 
the I'enomination of N. E. Worthington : Jacob Shulow, of Yallev : 
Philip Beanier and Andrew Kamerer, of AVest Jersey; Michael Ryan 
and Allen Reall, of Valley; W. II. Shernum, John j>exter and G. I). 
Eagleston, of Penn ; Richard Iloadley, Foster C'oulson and Antony 
Suiukjuist, of Toulon; Henry Cohvell, of Essex. The following were 
appointed a committee to attend the representative and senatorial 
convention, to be held at Princeton, Septend)er 21, 1SS(k Dr. R. W. 
King, George A'anSickle, J. W. Cole and Thomas Diyden. of West 
Jersey; f. F. Hamilton, of (Jsceola; W. B. Ai'mstrong, J. B. Rolnnson 
and A. J. Smith, of Essex ; John l>lack, Nathan Snare and Fred 
Greenwood, of Toulon ; Frank Kissinger and Elbert Drawyer, of 
Penn; John A. f'olgan, of Valley; James Jacicson, of Elmira. The 
delegates chosen to the state convention were Henry Colwell. of 
Essex; W. H. Sherman and John Dexter, of Penn. 

The members of the (Treenback county central committee were 
chosen as follows; J. P). Robinson, of Essex; Elisha Swanlc, of West 
Jersey; Jacob Shulow, of A'alley; AV. H. Sherman, of Penn; Henry 
Colwell, of Essex. 

In 1884 the prohiintion vote of this county was '••'••, and of the dis- 
trict, 583, increased in ISSif) to 123 and 8<i9 respectively. 

The Democratic County Convention assembled at Payne's Opera 
House, Wyoming, August 3(t, issd. Patrick M. Blair, of Toulon, was 
elected temporary chairman, and (Tcoi'ge Kolan,of Toulon, temporary 
secretary. Harmon Phenix, U. H. Brown, John II. Ogle, S. H. 
McKeighan, and AVilliam Stevenson were cliosen a committee on cre- 
dentials ; and A. J. Sturm, T. AA'^. Ross and James Frail a committee 
on permanent organization. They reported in favoi- of V. II. Brown, 
of Goshen, for chairman, and (Tcorge Nolan, of Toidon. for secretary, 
and these gentlemen were chosen. Fi'ank Thonuis, John E. Deckei', 
AVill A. Scott, and AV. A. Truax were made a committee to confer 
with a similar committee of the Greenback convention in session. The 
following were made a committee to select filenames of candidates for 
the county offices, to be filled at the coming election : AA^illis Pierson, 
IT. C. Brown, James Estep, J. M. Rogers, P. AI. Blair. James G. 
Brady, AY. T. Ditmon. llumi)hrey Avery, A. J. Sturm. The confer- 
ence committee had agreed with the Greenback committee that o;dy 


one ticket should be nominated Isy botli conventions, and also had 
agreed upcjii tlie names of candidates for the ottices to be filled, and 
the committee to name candidates lejiorted in favor of the names 
agreed upon, whicli were : For County Judge, Martin Shallenbei'ger ; 
County Clerk, James Nowlan ; County Superintendent of Schools, 
Wm. H. Slierman; County Treasui-er, Henry Colwell; Sheriff, Henry 
Hamilton; Coroner, James M. Eoo-ers. The delegates to the legislative 
convention were: J. E. Decker. Harmon Phenix, Benjamin Turner, 
T. W. Eoss, Winfield Scott, Hi-. O. C. Darling, Chester Turner, and C. 
P. Jackson. 

To fill vacancies on the county central committee, the following 
were chosen : Edwin Ferris for Penn, Willis Pierson for AVest Jersey, 
and Madison Winn for West Toulon, vie- Winfield Scott, A. W. Pal- 
mer, and J. Knox Hall, resigned. 

The democratic senatoi'ial convention at Princeton, Se])tend)er 28, 
nominated .lohn P. Ihyan foi' state senator and A. Morrasy and J. M. 
Kogers for representatives. J'enjamin Turner was a delegate from 
Stark county, and was accompanied thither by his son Chester. 

The re])ublican county convention, held in August, 1886. The 
meeting was called to order by J. M. Brown, and E. S. Buffum, of 
Lafayette, cliosen temporary chairman, and F. C. Willson, of Bi'ad- 
ford, secretary. C. AV. Young, Cyrus Bocock, and A. (4. Hammond 
were appointed a committee on credentials. J. D. (^uinn, John 
Lackie, Jacob Graves, William Jackson ;ind S. F. Otman, committee 
on permanent organization, who reported in favor of the officers 
named. D. J. AValker was declared in nomination foi" county clei'k, 
John Hawks for county treasurer. AY. P. Sandham for county superin 
tendent of schools, and Dr. L. T. Sprague. of Lafayette, for corone)-. 
An informal ballot was now takei\ for candidates for county juilge, and 
the following were brought out : ]\[. A. Fuller, B. F. Thompson, C 
C. A'anOsdel, A. P. Miller. On vote being taken, M. A. Fuller received 
87 ;B. F. Thompson, ii2 ; A. P. Miller, 11; G. C. A^anOsdel, 3. Mr. 
Fuller having received a majority of all the votes cast was declared in 
nomination. .Vn informal ballot was next taken for candidates for 
sheriff, iind the following |)resented : James Montooth, John F. 
Khodes, 1!. A. JSTewton, J. R. Jones. On vote being taken, Montooth 
received 2.-) ; J. F. Rhodes, 20 ; J. R. -Jones, 10; B. A. Newton, 12. 
Second balloting, Montooth received 35 ; Rhodes, 20 ; J. R. Jones, 10 ; 
C. R. Miner, 2. Montooth having received a majority of all the votes 
cast was declared in nomination. C. AY. Young, AV. T. Dickinson, and 
N. J. Smith were ap])ointed a- committee to select delegates to the 
congressional convention, which selection was as follows and accepted 
l)v the convention : K. S. Butt'Lim, A. (4. Ilaiiimond, Cyrus Bocock, 
AVilliam -liidcson, M. A. Fuller, D. S. Hewitt, B. F. Tlu)mp.son. The 
following were the delegates appointed to the i-epublican state con- 
vention : John Lackie, W. F. Price, O. Brace. The following were 
selected as the county ceiitr;d committee: P). R. Brown, of West Jer 
sey ; E. S. P.tiffum, of (tosIicu ; Perry Winn, of I']ast (xoslien; .lacob 
(iraves, of South Essex; A. (t. Hammond, of North Kssex ; .1. AF. 
lirown. of '{"ouloii : Marsh A\'inn. of East Toulon: AVilliam -iacksoii. 



of Elniira ;* ymnuel Wrigley, of Yallev ; Cyrus Bocock, of Penn ; 
Jose])h Fleinming', of Osceola. The committee was oro-anized with 
J. M. J'.rown ciiaimian and E. 8. IJiiffum seci'etary. The following 
were ap}K)inted by the caucus as delegates to the legislative conven- 
tion, to be held at Princeton; September 7: Newton J. Smith, JSTiles 
A. Fuller, A. AV. King, J. A. Clock, C. W. Brown, B. F. Garrett, T. H. 
Crone, A. G. Hammontl, AVilson Trickle, L. Egbert, Perry Winn, Sam- 
uel White. 

At the repulilican legislative convention iield at Princeton Septem- 
ber 7, P]d\vard A. Washburn, present c(nintv treasurer of Bureau 
county, was nominated for state senator. Sterling Pomeroy, of Bureau 
county, and James II. Miller, of Stark county, were nominated for 

The victors ;nid vancjuished oi the campaign, wliicii followed the 
several nominations, are referred to in tlie pages devoted to election 
returns ; while in tiie pages devoted to family history the greater num- 
l)er of tliem find mention. 



ing tliougjits of litigious terms, fat contentions am 
advances made l)V societv 

ROM the earliest jieriotl in the history of the world the ad- 
vocate has existed and made his ])vesence Icnown where men 
of other trades were silent and unfelt. The author of 
■• Paradise Lost " lived at a time wiien mental revolutions 
reduced humanity to a state of ske])ticism and left the con- 
science of the people uncontrolled l)y that spiritual govern- 
ment which for centuries ruled the Christian world, and 
judging from the experiences of that time declared that 
" most men are allured to tlie trade of law, grounding their 

[)urposes not on the prudent and heavenly contemplation of justice and 

equity, which was never taught them, but on the promising and pleas- 
flowing fees." The 
n after years fostered certain ambitions, 

and anujng the highest of them was to attain the profession of the law. 

It became a great never-ending studJ^ and thus in Johnson's time the 

bar endiraced 

" Men of thut large ])n>fessiou, who can speak 
To every cause, and things indeed contraries, 
Till they are hoarse again, yet all be law : 
That with most quick agility can turn. 
And return, make knots, ;md undo them. 
Give forked counsel, take provoking gold 
From either side and p\it it up." 

Ill the earlier years of the county the circuit lawyers, principally 
from Peoria, (xalesburg. Canton, and other old pioneer centers of the 
military tract were well known in the courts of Stark. The coming 
(if W. W. Drummond to estalilisli an office formed an introduction to 



a ])ermanent local liar, but not until ISiT, when Martin Shallenberger 
settled at Toulon, did the numbers of circuit lawyers attending Stark 
county courts decrease. Within the last four decides Stark county 
has claimed many excellent lawyers, and even furnished a few to the 
new states and territories. In the following pages brief notices of the 
old and new bar are made. 

The Circuit Court of Fulton county, the first connected with 
Korthern Illinois, was held April 20, 1S24. There was not another 
term of the court held until November, 1(», 1825, when John York 
Sawyer, presided. Judge Sawyer was one of those early judges who 
hail 110 finely furnished and fitted room in which to hold court. It was 
the humble cabin, or plain board building, in which this able judge 
]oresided. He has been known to hold court upon the bank of the 
Mackinaw river in Tazewell county. He was a man eminently suited 
to the times. John Twing, attorney general pro tan., acted as pros- 
ecuting attorney at this term, and Stephen Dewey, clerk. Ossian M. 
Ross officiated as sheriff. This was the first circuit at that time, and 
extended throughout the northern )iai't of the state. A few years 
later it was changed to the fifth, and included all the country in the 
military tract, even the counties of Cook and Jo Daviess. 

In May, 1831, Judge Young opened the iirst session of the Krst 
circuit court for Putnam county. Among the petit jurors present were 
John Whitaker, Wra. Boyd, Wm. Wrigiit, Ezekiel tli(uuas and Justus 
Anient. A number of lines were imposed on absent jurors, most of 
which were remitted. In September, 1831, the names of Benjamin 
Smith, Sylvanus Moore, "Wm. D. Grant, Ilari'is Miner, Isaac B. Essex, 
Aaron Whitaker, John B. Dodge, James CTarvin, Kosweil Blanchard, 
AVm. Smith and David Cooper appear as gi'and jui'ors. At this term 
Clark Ilollanbeck was charged with "malCeasance in office" as justice 
of the peace, but tlie case was subse(juently ipuished. The tirst indict- 
ment in May, 1831, was that of Resin Hall for bigamy, and Martha 
Wright, one of his wives. Before the September session was held. 
Hall, wives, cabin and all disappeared. 

The first entrv in the record A of the circuit court of Stark county 
(held at the house of W. 11. Henderson, October 11, 1839, with Thomas 
Ford, judge of the ninth judicial circuit, jiresiding; Xorinan J. Purple, 
states attorney ; Augustus A. Dunn, sheriff, and John W. Henderson, 
clerk), is as follows: Luther Driscoll having been duly summoned as 
a grand juror was ajipointed by the court, foreman of the grand jury ; 
and Asa Currier, Henry Seeley, Samuel Love, John Hester, David 
Simmerman, Nathan Swartz. Adam Day, Adam Perry, Win. Mahany 
being also duly summoned, also gave their attendance, and there not 
l)eing a sufficient numlier to constitute a, gi-and jury, it is ordered that 
the sheriff summon two others from the Ijystanders to complete the 
]ianel ; and tlie sheriff, tiiereupon, returned the names of James K. 
McClenahan and Wm. W. Drummond, who also gave their attendance, 
->;- -:<• * ^yjjfj ^^y\\\l the others were sworn to encpiire for the body of 
the county of Stark aforesaid, and retired t(j consider of their indict- 
ments and presentments. This jury brought in a, true bill 
Frederick Ulard, and having no further l)usiness received discharge. 


James Pollok, who left Ireland in 1832 and came to Philadelphia, 
declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States, October 
12, is:)9, befoi'fi Judge Tliomas Ford f)f the ninth judicial circuit. 
Qliis is the first declaration of recoitl in Stark county. Tin; Turnliull 
and Oliver declarations Ijear date October, 1S40. 

James A. Henderson in liis address before the Old Settlers in 18S2, 
describes graphicall\' this first court. It is as follows : 

"It is Friday morning, October 11, A. D. 1839, and the early set- 
tlers of Stai'lv county have met at a private residence, about one mile 
due south of where the court-house now stands, to be present, as 
officers, jurors, suiters, witnesses or spectators, at the first term of the 
Circuit ("ourt held in the county. Thomas Ford, Esq., is judge, Nor- 
man II. Purple, states attorney, and Onslow Peters and Theophilus 
Lyle Dickey are the lawyers present. John W. Henderson is clerk, 
2>ro tern.; Augustus Dunn is sherifl', and Luther DriscoU as foreman, 
Asa Currier, Henry Seeley, Samuel Love, Samuel Seeley, John Finley, 
Adam Day, William Mahaney, William Porter, Sumner Shaw, John 
Hester, Daviil Simmerman, Xathaii Swartz, Adam Perry, James K. 
McClanahan ami William AV. Drummond constitute tlie grand jury, 
while AVashington Colwell. Calvin IVnvell, sr., Elijah Eltzroth. Daniel 
Hodgson, Henry McClanahan, ]\Iilton Ilichards, Jeremiah Bennett, 
Minott Silliman, William Eowen, David Cooper, Josiah Moffit, Samuel 
Harris, Robert Sharer, Nicholas Sturms. Isaac Spencer, James Buswell, 
Horace Vail, Nehemiah Merrit, C'hristoplier Sammis, Thoniiis Timmons, 
Thomas S. Clark, AVasliington Trickle. Ceorge Eckley and Jacob Smith 
form tlie jx-tit jury. And scattered here and tJiere in grou]is upon the 
grass beneath the magnificent trees which sheltered the home upon the 
hill, we will inuigine we see the Ai'nolds, Websters, Barnets, Lyons, 
Riddles, Nichols, Jones, Dawsons, Pratz, Dunbars, Lakes, Grants, 
Cummings, Bon hams, Chatfields, Camps, AVykoffs, Dunns, Berflelds, 
Trickles, Richards, Emerys, Rigius, Powells, Clarks, Eckleys, Egberts, 
Finches, llurds, Jacksons, I) wires, Hodgesons, McWilliams, Masons, 
Turners, Hilliai-ds, Halseys, Farrs. Stodtlards. Oeers, Sillimans, Ogles, 
JMcClanahans. Reeds, Mascalls, Greenleaf's, Coopers, Essexs, Eastmans, 
AVai'ds, Smiths, Co.xes, Colwells, Sheets, Graves, Mounts, Moffitts, 
Thomas, Jjutlers, Agards, Barretts, Dorrances, Averys, Shavers, Stur- 
tevants, Parkers, Holgates, AValls, Fullers, Bi'eeses, Pikes, Moores, 
Phenixs. Sturms, Searles, Dalrymples, Parks, AVhitakei's, Halls, Spen- 
cers, Ihiswells, AA^oodwards, liraces, Turnbulls, Olivers, Rules, Lyles. 
Blanchards, AViiites, Fowlers, Pairishes. l\Iiners, Perrvs, Austins, 
Ileatiis, AVinns, Millers. Alaxfields, Days. AVilliams, Pollocks, Mitchells. 
Xowlans, Fi-ails, (Tradys, Di-ays, AVorleys, AVinters, Littles, F<.itters, 
Lesons, Wiieelers, Ames, A"an Dykes, and many others whose names 
I cannot now recall. Tiiev are lauohiu"', talking, shakiuj'' hands 
and telling of each others welfai'e. Some have journeyed hither on 
foot, others on horsel)ack or in wagons. Some have come from afar, 
wiiile others live near by, and that may mean a mile or six away. 
The fiiuiily, as was the custom witii all the early settlers, has made 
ex|)ensive ])repai'ations to i-eceive and care for all who may come — 
judge, lawyiM's, jurors, suitors, witnesses and ])eople. AVe will suppose 


that all have come, and as we look back and renienil)er liow many 
grown people had to eat before the Ijoys ^vere admitteil to the table, 
it seems as if none were absent. 

The court has opened, the grand jury has been impanelled and 
charged, and after a brief absence in a corn-crib near by, has returned 
into court with a 'true liill,' charging a member of one of the most 
respectable families of the county with the crime of larceny, on the 
testimony of Christopher Sammis, a merchant of Moulton, whose goods 
had been stolen. Joseph K. Lane, Moses Boardman, John Pryor, Daw- 
son and J. Chaffee were here. The grand jury has been discharged. 
The prisoner made his escape before trial, and perhaps never was in 
the county afterwards. If his attorneys, Peters and Dickey, hail been 
as longheaded then as they afterwards ])rove(l themselves to be. pos- 
sibly they might have cleared him, by ])icking a flaw in the indictment. 
In another room there stands a long table which has been covered with 
a bountiful supply of the humble fare of the pioneer's home. And all 
are expected to enter and partake of it as freely and as heartily as if 
it were their own. At last the sun has reached the highest point in 
the heavens, and paused, as it were, for a moment's rest ere starting 
down the westward grade. Sheriff Dunn has, in obedience to the 
order of the coui't, just cried an adjournment for dinner. The out- 
siders have been duly summoned, and as those who have been fortu- 
nate enough to gain admission to the little court-room file out, the 
doors leading to the other rooms are thrown wide open, and, in the 
name of the head of that hosjn'table home, who is here no more to per- 
form that office, I l)id you, ^fr. President, and each one of you old 
settlers, to enter the oj)en door, and beg to assure you of a hearty, 
earnest welcome from all within. "Walk in and be seated, and as you 
partake of the noon-day meal, talk of the events of 18:^)9 — of the years 
long gone by. But, as I step aside to permit your entrance, I am 
reminded that almost forty -three years have passed away since that 
table was s])read and that dinner was eaten by the eai-ly settlers of 
Stark county. I lun also sadly reminded that many of those whose 
names have been called and who were there on that day, ai'c not here 

Among the first circuit judges was Richard M. Young, a native of 
Kentucky, who settled in Illinois at an earl}' date. He was api)ointed 
circuit judge in 1S2S, and served until January, 1S87, when he accepted 
a seat in the United States senate. In mattei's relating to the consti- 
tution and laws of the state he took a very active part, until stricken 
(l(jwn l)_v insanity. Thomas Foitl, who served as ])rosecuting attor- 
ney ])rior to ISS.j, was appointed judge of the northern circuit. He 
was born in Pennsylvania in the year 1800; was brought by his \vid- 
owed mother to Missouri in 1804, and shortly afterward to Illinois. 
He received a good education; studied law; was elected four times 
judge — twice as circuit judge, judge of ("liicago, and judge of supreme 
court. He was elected govei'uor by the democratic ])arty in 18-1:2; 
wrote his history of Illinois in 1 si", and died in isM). John Dean 
Caton was a])))ointed judge of this circuit in iVugust, 1842. and served 
until IS-ts. Mrs. Sludlenberger speaks of him thus: "During the 

riiK cornTS Axn ijar. 1(13 

iiduunistration of Catdii. there was quito a strife over the appoint- 
ment of circuit cleric, tlie as|)i rants Ijeinu- John AV. Henderson, whig, 
and Oliver AVhitakor, democrat. Caton being a democrat, appointed 
Mr. Wliitaker, who held the office under this a|)}iointment until a 
change of law made it elective, when he was again chosen by the peo- 
ple, and served every tei'ui till Xovember, 1S52, when he was defeated 
by Jefferson Winn."' Thomas Lj'le Dickey was the first judge of the 
ninth district, over which he presided until Stark was ])laced in the 
tenth district, with Judge Kellogg presiding, from LSi!) to 1852. Judge 
Onslow Peters presided over the sixteenth circuit in 1855. His death 
occurred at Washington, D. C, in February, ISSfi. In April, ISSfi, 
Jacol) Gale was elected, but did not serve, when Elilui N. Powell was 
appointed. He was defeated, in June, isdl, l)y Amos L. Merriman, 
who gave place in l.S(;;j to AEarion Williamson, who defeated IMartin 
Shallenberger in the contest for the judgeship. In 1867 Sabin J). 
Puterljaugh was elected ; resigned in 1873, when Henry B. Hopkins 
was chosen judge. In 1873 Jose]ih AV. Cochrane was elected on the 
A. M. D. ticket, and served until June. 1870. David AlcCulloch, nom- 
inee of the prohibition jiarty in ls8(i for congress, was elected on the 
repulJican ticket in 1877. and, with X. P. Laws and Judge Burns, was 
reelected in 1879 for the eighth judicial circuit. In September, 1886, 
Judge Samuel S. Page jiresided here, with John M. McMillen, foreman 
of grand jury ; S. G. Brees, clerk of grand jury, and the circuit clei'k 
and sheriff. In 1885, Judges Page, Thomas M. Shaw and Nathan W. 
(Treen were elected. A reference to the ])olitical chapter will point out 
the names of court officers here since 183r». Tlie greater numiter of 
the lawyers of Stark county being closely connected with ])ublic affairs 
here, are noticed at some lengtii on other pages ; but, lest any of the 
old or present bar might not l)e mentioned, the following ])ersonal 
notices are made : 

Benj. F. Fridley, state's attorney in 184-6, resided at Ottawa, but 
ti'aveled through the circuit. He moved to Aurora subsequently. 
While ])ossessing little educational traits, he was a man of strong nat- 
ural ability. Julius Manning, an old lawyer of Knoxville, practiced 
here in I8i(i; died at Peoria. He was a very al)le lawyer, and gener- 
ally, if not always, assisted W. W. Drummond, first resident attorney 
of Stark. H. O. ilerriman, of Peoria, who attended court here in the 
forties, died at Peoria -'Lawyer" Bangs was admitted to the bar at 
Peoria: practiced at Toulon in 1845-6, wlien he moved to Iowa. W. 
J. Phelps, the second lawyer who established himself at Toulon, left 
here in 1846 for the West. ( )nslow Peters, a Alassachusetts man, of 
the Peoria 'bar, was one of the ohl bar ; subsequently elected circuit 
judge; died in 1856, at AVashington, I). C. In his office Martin Shal- 
lenberger read law in 1846-7. Silas Ramsey resided at Laccm, but 
l)racticed in Stark occasionally in the forties. C. K. Harvey, a circuit 
lawyer, practiced here through several terms. He was one of the lead- 
ing lawyers of those times. His daughter married A. AI. Craig, judge 
of the supreme court. Aai'on Tyler, jr., read law with Onslow Peters ; 
came to Toulon in 1845, and practiced here for some two 3'ears, when 
he moved to St. Louis ; thence to Knoxville, where he was appointed 


circuit judge, and thence to Chicago, where lie died. Another lawyer, 
the senior Tyler, had a large list of cases here in 184(!. Lincoln B. 
Knowlton, a Peoria ])ioneer lawyer, was ])rosecuting attorney for this 
circuit, and continued in practice there until his death, about 1855. 
He was an eloquent and logical S])eaker, eccentric in a]ipearance. 
Benton C. f'ook was state's attorney in iS-iT. ]\Iartin Shallenljerger, 
the senior member of the Stark County l]ar, settled here in 1847. His 
reputation of being the best read man in the eighth judicial circuit is 
generally admitted. Lawyer Taylor was present here in 1847; but 
whethei" it was J. I. Taylor, of Princeton, or not, is even yet unde- 
cided. J. S. Fancher, who practiced at Peoria for a short tune, prac- 
ticed here in 1847. Amos L. Merriman, subse(|uently circuit judge 
here, resigning in 1803, now a resident of AVashington, D. C., was a 
circuit lawyer in 1847, with his brother. E. N. Powell, of the Peoria 
bar, who was judge for this circuit subsequently, practiced here in 
1848 ; died at Peoria, July 15, 1871. Wm. A. Chumasero, a lawyer of 
La Salle county, now of Helena, M. T., was here in 1848. Ira J. Fenn, 
of Lacon, practiced here occasionally from 1848 to ISfiO. 

H. G. liej'nolds came from Rock Island to Knoxville about 1851, 
moved to Springtield in 1854, and is now a citizen of Kansas. At 
Knoxville he served as state's attorney and postmaster. George A. 
Clifford, who came from Massachusetts at an early date and settled at 
Rochester, practiced law at Knoxville ; then was city editor and re- 
porter on the Chicago IJemocrat; next practiced law at Toulon, en- 
tei'ed the service of the Union, and afterward was enijiloyed as steno- 
grapher and legal adviser and again as ofhcial re])0i'ter of court martials 
and other heavy cases. In 1860 he Avas assistant editor of the cam- 
paign paper called the Stark County Dernocrat, and in 1862 was ap- 
pointed master in chancery. He fell into intemperance, and it is said 
that while suffering under a nervous attack he dropped from a window 
at Washington, D. C., and was killed. His widow now resides at 
Albert Lea, Minn. Norman H. Purple was distinguished for high 
legal abilities, served as judge of Fulton county from 1845 to 1849, 
refused official positions and devoted his whole time to his office. 
Harvey J. Rhodes, a pioneer justice of Stark county, began practicing 
law in"l851 ; died some years ago. Ezra G. Sanger, a Peoria lawyei', 
visited this court in 1851, and for some years after. Robert AVilkin- 
son, of Rock Island was here in 1852; like his l)r()thei', Ira O. Wilkin- 
son, he was one of the reliable lawyers of thirty years ago. E. Gay 
Johnson, a Peoria lawyer and state's iittorney, practiced law here 
occasionally from 1852 to the period of his death. George lilakely, his 
partner, was here also in 1852. Dr. Roberts, of Pekin, who later be- 
came a lawyer, is credited with being here in 185i,. Leander Douglas, 
of Knoxville, afterward of Galesburg, where he died a few years ago, 
practiced here in 1852. Thomas J. Henderson is noticed throughout 
the history of the county and particularly in the sketch of Toulon. 
William F. Bryan, of Peoria, practiced in the courts of Stark county 
in 1853. Lorin G. Pratt, of Peoria, visited Toulon in 1853, moved to 
Chicago many years ago, where he is still in practice. William Kel- 
logg's name "apj)ears on the circuit court docket in 1854. He Avas 


judge of this circuit from 1S49 to 1S52 ; elected to congress; died at 
Peoria some j'ears ago. He was considered a very able lawyer. Judge 
J. W. Hewitt, practiced here in 1855. H. N. Keigbtly, of Knoxville, 
tit one time a partner of G. A. Clifford, practiced in the courts of 
Stark county in 1854. Geo. W. Stipp, better known as Judge Stipp, 
of Bureau county, practiced here in 1855. John II. Ilowe, of Kewanee, 
practiced in 1857; was elected colonel 124th 111. Vol. Inf.; served as 
circuit judge; died some years ago. Hiram Bigelow, of Gal va, ap- 
peared in the courts here in 1857 and has been an occasional visitor 
since that time. Alex. McCoy, state's attorney, practiced here in 1857. 
He moved from Peoria to Chicag-o some vears ag-o. John Burns, who 
]n"esided iiere recently as circuit judge, ]n'acticetl here in 1859. C. C. 
Wilson's name appears on tlie list of lawyers in 1857. He was a 
pioneer of Valley townsliip; moved to Princeton, and ultimately 
settled at Kewanee, where he now resides. John I. Bennett, now of 
Ciiicago, practiced here in 1861. Judge Bailey, of Macomb county, 
practiced here in 18()1. Levi North, of Kewanee, is a name connected 
with the courts liere since ISfil. He is said to be as good a portrait 
painter as lie is a lawyer. 

Ira O. Wilkinson practiced here in 18(12, was subsequently circuit 
judge of the Rock Island circuit. Geo. W. Pleasants, who also pi-ac- 
ticed here in 1S()2, is now circuit judge. Henry B. Hopkins, of Peoria, 
was here in 1802. He served as circuit judge by appointment, succeed- 
ing S. D. Puterbangh. Miles A. Fuller, a pioneer of the county, was 
admitted to the bar in ISC^. A sketch of his life is given in the his- 
tory of Toulon. Julius StaiT, of Peoi'ia, practiced herein 1864. D. C. 
Young came here in 18()5 or 1866, jiracticed law here for a few years. 
Robert Barr studied law under ]\Iartin Shallenberger, was admitted an 
attorney in 1866), moved to Adell, la., wliereheis now. AV. W. AVright, 
noticed in the history of Toulon, as well as in other chapters, has tilled 
an honorable place among the members of the bar. Ford D. Smith 
read law under Martin Shallenberger, was admitted to the bar in 1868, 
]iracticed here until 1872 or 187;^, when he returned to his home near 
Ilackettstown, X. J. J. II. Miller, one of the leading members of 
the state legislature, ]n-acticed in the circuit court here in 1869. 
Nicholas E. Worthington, who came from Maryland to Peoria, en- 
teretl the practice of law in the sixties, practiced here in 1869, was 
elected member of congress in 1882, reelected and received the unan- 
imous nomination of his party for a third term in 1886. Thomas E. 
Milchrist, of Galva, jtracticed here as earlv as 1868, and is still a visi- 
tor. He is states attorney at Galva. Sabin D. Puterbangh, author of 
"Pleading and Practice," came here first in 1869, served as judge of 
this circuit until his resignation in 1873. Marion AVilliamson, circuit 
judge from 1862 to 1866, born in Adams county, Ohio, died at Peoria 
in 1868. C. K. Ladd, of Kewanee, ]H-acticed here in 1871. Jos. W. 
Cochran, judge of this circuit, practiced here in 1871. He preceded 
Judge McCulloch ini the liench. AV. H. Adams, whose name is iden- 
tified with archaeological discovery in this district, practiced in the 
circuit court here in 1872. Tillottson and Guiteau opened a law office 
at Bradford in 1874, anil a branch office at Toulon, over which Guiteau 


presided. Thomas Cratty, of I'eoi'ia, practiced here in 187S. He is 
now at Chicago. A. P. Miller's name appears as an attorney on the 
circnit court docket in 1881. Frank Thomas was admitted to the bar 
in 1878, now of "Wyoming. Bradford V. Thompson's name ap])ears as 
attorney liefore the circuit court in IST.s. V. N. Prout studied under 
J. II. Miller, is now engaged in law practice at Blue Spring, Nel). 
James E. Bush, admitted in 1878, practiced law at Bradford, now at 
Beatrice, Neb. Thomas D. Higgs studied under Martin Shallenberger 
in 1878, now at Storm Lake, Iowa. W. W. Hammond, son of A. (i. 
Hammond of Wyoming, is now in jiractice at Peoria. Lawyer Kerns, 
read l;i,w at Peoria. Frank Marsli read law under Martin Shallen- 
berger, was admitted to the bar, is now in Nel>raska. Henry V. Fuller 
was admitted to the bar here and js now a resident lawyer of Peoria. 
Harry Pierce was admitted to the bar in Ma}', 1883. Grant Newell, a 
son of Dr. 0. W. Newell, of Bradford, studied law at Chicago in 188."). 

Among the lawyers who practiced here, not hitherto mentioned, 
were Shill, Fraser, Kinners and Mirrin, lS-l:8-5(»; Fleming, Hazard, W. 
Sandford, Craig, H. L. Miller, Perley. Davidson, Blair, Peed, SaiultM's, 
Fenice, Porter, Richmond, Stone, Bishoj), Williams. Farwell, Hiiiman, 
Walshe and Page, 1S51-G1 ; Johnson, P. S. Perley, D. C. Young, Ste- 
phens, George Puterbaugh, Coojier, Worrell, Moss, M. Kendall, Ide, 
G. G. Gibbons, 1862-9; J. C. Maclin, G. E. Ford, Shaw, Ingersoll, 
Brawbey, Ilerron, Fargo, Ilannainan, Kretzinger, F. ^V. Wright, Bas- 
sett, Cornell, Emerson, Wear, Jack and G. M. Dixon, in 1870-1 ; 
McKinzie, F. S. Potter, J. S. Starr, in 1872; J. E. Bush, M. M. Lucy, 
L. Allen, Winchester, J. E. Cone and Flrich, are names of attorneys 
on the docket in 1878; Talliaferro, Pepper, Gannon, Olson, Pettee, B. 
P. Duffy, C. C.Wilson and J. P. Miller, in 1879; Price, Shepherd, 
Marston', Foster, Ilaum, in 1881-2; M. M. Bassett, in 1883; F. S. lios- 
setter, C. W. McGovern and ]\Iuckle. in 18si ; W. S. Brackett, Moore, 
Bradford and Prince, in 188.5. 

While many important civil cases have Ijeen tried and disposed of 
here, a large number have been carrieil to the Supreme Court, and be- 
fore that court some of the most elaborate arguments on record liave 
been made by Stark county lawyers. In criminal matters the county 
is almost barren. The few capital crimes committed are noticed as 
follows: Piney Arnold, once a resident of Stark county, murdered 
James M. Sweeney at Solana, Cal., in 1859, and was tried, convicted 
and sentenced in January, 1860. In November, 1865, one Archie 
Moore murdered one Lafferty in presence of a number of people, and 
then fled. Captain Brown, then sheriff, learned that a letter was 
mailed to him at Farmington, and, going thither, awaited Moore. Th 


plan succeeded, and the murderer was taken to the Peoria jail. Joseph 
H. AVilbur, while returning from the postoffice at Lafayette to his 
home, on the evening of October 13. 1867, was assaulted and kill 


David Anshutz was arrested on the charge. The trial tdok place in 
November, 1868. Martin Shallen berger represented the peojile. Judge 
Howe the prisoner. He was found guilty, and the jury tixed the pun- 
ishment at twenty-one years in state's prison. Stewart Bowers mur- 
dered Paxton Perry, son of Anderson Perry, of Goshen township, at 


the bank corner at Toulon. .Inly 4. The case was tried at Toulon, he- 
fore Jndge Cochran and jury. ^Martin Shallenherg-ei- antl tiie hite ^V. 
^¥. O'Brien defended Jiowers, James 11. Miller an(l .ludge Puterhiiugli 
l)i'osecute(L A verdict of "not guilty" was returned, as the charge of 
nnirdei" could not be maintained. Jt appeared on the trial that the\' 
often went into the timber to ])hxy Indian, shooting at one anothei-, 
dodging the bullets behind trees. Bowers subsequently married 
Perry's sister, antl is now a prosperous citizen at Nel)raska. The 
shooting of John Hopkins by Benson S. Scott, at Duncan, occurred in 
July, IST'.i. 

Peter Ilnljer of West Jersey township was murdered by a tramp 
named Church, December 1, 18S1. This Cliurch was a resident of Tou- 
lon for over twenty years, where it is said he marrietl a very question- 
able character. The coroner's jury — AV. A. Hampton, A. Ivamerer, 
S. M. Huffman, Naam B. Leigh, J. ]\I. Wick and Francis Dugan — found 
that Andrew J. Church stabbed Huber, from which wouncl the latter 
died in eight or ten minutes. Bobert H. Thompson and Wm. H. Bell 
arrested the murderer near Henry Godfrey's house, while, trying to 
esca])e. The trial took jilace in April, 1882. J. E. Decker and A. P. 
Miller defended ; B. F. Thompson and J. H. Miller prosecuted. He was 
found guilty, ixnd sentenced to hard labor for life. Sylvester Makinson 
was sentenced to death, March 15, 1885, and executed May 11, for the 
murder of Mrs. M. E. Copeland. In April, 1886, William and Mrs. 
j\IcCaul of Coal A'illage, were tried for the murder of the little Sturm 
child, ])ut acquitted. ]\Iartin Shallenberger and James II. Miller 
defended, winning an acquittal. 

The law circle of the count}% like the county, is small; but large in 
all those qualities wdiich bring hcmor to its membership, and tinge all 
dealings with honesty^ and ability. Nowhere in this State or outside 
it does a higher sense of integrity obtain than within Stark county's 
limited legal circle. 



HE liistorv of the ])ress of tlie county presents an apt illus- 
tration of its progress. Periiaps in the whole world of jour- 
nalism there cannot be found its eipuil in manly expression 
and sound reasoning — certainly not its superior. A great 
deal of courtesy is manifested in the offices, a western 
friendliness exists among the journalists, and, above all, a 
desire to do justice to the people, by exposing what is 
wrong, and commending what is right, is apparent. The 
business of a newspajier is to give the neu^'s. This may be 
done in different ways; but journals agree upon one point 
— that their readers are entitled to aclecpiate infonnation 
respecting Avhatever noteworthy thing has happened. It is 
also the business of the press to review the news, and herein 
consists the higher element of journalism. The charge, so justly brought 
against many of the subsidized jiapers of the great cities, and also against 
the little sheets of eastern towns for narrow, anti-national reviews was 
never applicable here. Many of the owners and editors of the Stark 
coimty journals have devoted the best years of their lives to this dis- 
trict f they have, so to speak, a stake in the country, and with it a 
reputation for probity and sound judgment Avhicli they have held 
during the building up of our institutions and reflected through their 
newspa})ers and books. 

The I'riiirli' Advoi-afe was issued January 4, 1S56, by John CI. 
Hewitt, editor; and John Smith, printer and publisher. The sub- 
scribers' Jist shows about COO names. On the front page is the carriers' 
address to the patrons of the Prairie Advocate, on page 2, the saluta- 
tor\-, general news and a six-verse rhythmic acknowledgement of a 
Christmas donation visit, written by Rev. C. Brinkerhoff. Page 3 is 
given u]) to marriage notices and advertisements, so also is page 4. 
The local news seemed to be the least appreciated at that time, as it 
received very little notice. Charles Smith was the carrier boy. In 
establishing "this journal, Judo-e Hewitt, a dentist here at that time, 
interested a number of his fellow citizens in the project, and, with a 
|30(t Ijonus, he visited John Smith, of Pekin, and agreed with him to 
move the office to Toulon. The tyi)e was antique, indeed, and fit 
companv for the j(^?¥*.s — supposed to be the third printing press intro- 
duced into this state. Toward the middle of the year, Oliver 'White, 
then a school teacher at Toulon, became a I'egular contributor, and 
jiassed so much time in the office that he learned to work at the case, 
iloving to Henry county, he took a position on the Dial. John Smith 
meantime, sold his interest to Hewitt and retired to farm life, leaving 



the latter to carry on tlie Admcate until early in 1S57. ^vhen he sold 
the entire oufit to Kev. li. C Dunn, mIio changed the title to the Stark 
County JVno-s 

The Sturl' Countij News is the regular successor of the Pioneer 
Advocate, as purchased hy Mr. Dunn, in the spring of 1857, who gave 
it its ]iresent title. After a few months he s<jld tlie office to Alessi's. 
AVhitaker and nenderson, who placed Dr. S. S. Kaysl)ier iii cliai'ge as 
editor. At the close of 18(10 the ])ublication susjiended, and the News 
office was a blank until the fall of 1S<U, when AV. II. Butler took con- 
trol, and resuscitating it, called his new venture the Starh County 

'Y\\Q Starlx County UdIou, was non-political, liut decidcdh' l^nionist. 
At that time no one waited tor a local weekly j)aper. Every one 
rushed for the daily journals ; even advertising was forgotten, so 
that, notwithstanding- Mr. Butler's earnest effort and liberal outlay of 
money, the Union was forced to suspend. 

The Stark County News (revivetl ) peered out from the debris of tlie 
old office in the spring of 1863, and under the new lights by which 
Dr. S. S. Kaysbier illuminated the now very small newspaper. The 
little news became a ])ower in the land. In January 18(i4, Oliver 
White joined Kaysbier in its publication, placed the niime of Lincoln 
at the head of an enlarged pa])er for a second term, purchased sole 
ownership in July and contiuuetl its publication until the fall of 1868, 
when he sold a half interest to Joseph Smethurst, and in the spring of 
1809 sold the other half to Edwin I'utler. Subsequently James A. 
Henderson purchased Smethurst's interest, and with ,Mr. I>utler 
managed the paper until his death, Mrs. Henderson now liolding lier 
late husbantl's share, and acting as local editor of the AV^r.v. 

The Stark county Democrat was first issued July 19, 1860, the 
price being stated at fifty cents for the campaign. Martin Shallen- 
berger was editor, with G. A. Clifford, W. II. Butler, Charles Myers, 
Ben. Williams, J. H. Anthony, J. B. Russell, W. D. Hicks and Thomas 
Ross, assistant editors. It advocated the election of the " Little 
Giant," or Stephen A. Douglas. The policy of the editor is portrayed 
in lines written June 4, I860, by "Melville" for the first issue, the last 
verse of which is thus given : 

"Curses fall on his name, bliijlit. forever his fame, who this glorious union would sever, 

Who would part the fair stars that our lianner adorn. 

His ambition to feast on the wreeks of the storm. 
When Liberty's sun's set forever." 

In the issue of November 3, 1860, printed by C. Bassett, of Ke- 
wanee. 111., this notice appears: "PAY UP. We shall i)nblish one 
more number of this pa})er, giving the full election returns throughout 
the United States, when the IMnocrat Avill be no longer ])iiblislied. 
We ex])ect every man avIio is in arrears will pay up now." The little 
sheet, thirteen by nineteen inches, recommending itself as the best 
advertising medium in the county, and having one column of the 
same. The " l;u-gest dry goods mercliants," P. A: J. Nowlan, having 
recently purchased the entire stock of Titos. B. Starrett, indulge in a 
four-inch ad. Rockwell's saloon is also advertised. Eor politics, Lin- 


colli is sliinvd aiitl his stories ridiculed, while Douglas is represented 
as making I'apid strides toward the Presidency. Under the head of 
"Cari-ving Coals to Newcastle" are noted the meetings held liv 
Kepuhlicans in Palmira. 

Some facts respecting the origin of the Stark county Democrat of 
1860 will not be out of place. On July <!, 18(50, a meeting of leading 
democrats was held at Toulon to take steps towaril the publication of 
a ]iarty journal. E. L. Emery submitted a ])lan prepared by M. 
Shallenberger, providing for a stock subscription to cany the Avork on 
for a statetl time. This stock was to be assessed just as required, but, 
should the pai)er become self-supp(.)rting, the amount of capital stock 
unpaid would lie still collected and ajjplied to the printing and distri- 
liulion of Douglas literature. This plan was adopted and the gentle- 
men named as editors were elected. P. Nowlan was elected fiscal 
agent and bookkeeper, and Benjamin Turner, disti'ibuting agent. The 
agents appointed to canvass the different towns were Benj. Turner, E. 
L. Emery, T. J. AVright, Win. B. Armstrong and G. J. Taggart, 
Toulon: M. Blanchard and B. F. Thonii)son, Osceola; James Holgate 
and De.\ter Wall, Penn; J. ]\[offit ami lI._("olwell. Essex; John Morris 
and J>enj. Boughu, Valley; Jesse Funk and J. Hepperly, Elmira; E. 
Markley and J. M. Parker, West Jersey; Jesse Atherton and T. W. 
Eoss, Goshen. It was also agreed that the Toulon National Demo- 
cratic Association present a banner to the town furnishing the largest 
list of subscribers. The proceedings were signed l)y D. McCance, 
president, and F. A. Fornian, secretary, of the Toulon Xational Demo- 
cratic Association. 

The relations l^etween the Neirs (Republican) and the Democrat in 
August. 1860, may be judged of by the following paragraphs: 

••A HOLY THING. A whiskey barrel in a Democratic community 
where there are augers handy." — Stark county News. 

•• The same old stereotyped charge which the editor (shade of departed 
Franklin, forgive usi) of the News likes to make. ■ People who live in 
glass houses should never throw stones." " — Stark county Democrat. 

"AX EilPTY 'IlllXCi. A whisky barrel in a ball-room, when a 
Kepubliean editor has had an opportunity to suck at the l)ung-hole." — 
Stark county Democrat. 

Stark County Democrat, not that of 1S60, was first issued August 2, 
1867, by Seth F'. Eockwell, from the office in the Culbertson Innlding, 
in Rockwell's row. M. Shallenberger was political editor. In the 
lattei-'s salutatory address, it is stated that with the exception of the 
campaign journal of 1860, "it is the first time in the history of the 
county that any other than a Repuldican jjaper has Ijeen published." 
Indeed, it may lay claim to be the })ioneer Democratic publication, 
since that of 1860 'was only inspired and wi'itten here, but printed and 
]niblished at Kewanee. This first number contains a criticism of the 
first chapter of the histcny of Stark county, ]irinted in the JSfeics, sup- 
l)ose(l to be written by the editor-in-chief. The Democrat was regu- 
larly issued up to December 25, 1867. when a notice appeared stating 
that its publication would be suspended through the holidays. No. 20 


ajipeared on .Tnnuary >*, IStiS, and every week thereafter to tlie close 
of October of that year. In Xovember, 1S6S, ])aper liatl not arrived; 
there was a brief sus]iension, and the next issue was pulilished under 
the name The Prairie Chh-f. On August 10. 1S6S. S. F. Rockwell is- 
sued his valedictory. The Prairie Chief, with if. Shallenberger and 
Ben. W. Seaton editors. Vol. II.. No. 2, appeared Xovemlier IS, 1868. 
The editors gave as a reason for the change of name: "We think the 
heading of the ])a])er loolcs better." In April, 1872. he sold the Chief 
to Henry M. Ilall, wlio pui)lished re"ularlv until January, 187(;, (when 
he moved to Iowa ) undei' the title New lira, a Democratic paper. 

The Ku KIh.i- BuJh'tiii was issued at Toulon, May 7, 1869. Its 
motto was, "Chide mildly the erring." Its editors were ''Grand Cy- 
clops," "White Alligator" and "llattling Skeleton:" or, as alleged, 
Thomas Shallenbei'ger, Charles W. Wright and Albinus Nance, the 
latter afterwards governor of Nebraska. The following extract from 
the salutatory gives an idea of the ])rinciples of this journal: "Our 
liuUetin is not a religious jjaper. Others may ]n'ate of the ortiiodox, 
the martyrs, and the clergv ; of the peace and happiness of religion, 
and spiritual hapi)iness; but we ]irefer to deal with the human crea- 
tures about us. We do not confine ourselves to any sect or creed ; we 
are on the side of reform, anil our field of labor is as broad as the uni- 
verse. T(iul(>n needs reorganizing, and we attempt to reorganize her. 
Let us hope that we may meet with better success than Artemus, when 
he attempted to reorganize Betsey Jane." The first page was mainly 
devoted to a story called " The 'Lyon ' Hunt," a local subject. On the 
third page the question is asked, "Why is our barber like Charlie 
Wright?" and answered, "Because he never wears out the knees of 
his lireeches in secret ])rayer." On the fourth ])age the inijiortant 
question is asked, "Why is P. ]\I Blair like a turkey gobbler C" <in<l 
answered, "Because he cant swallow a billiard ball." ^Vlmost every 
one learned something regarding iiiniself from this little four i)age 
journal; but it was not a success, the editors grew tired, and like the 
clan after whom it was named, collai)sed. 

MolJij St((rk. -A tri-weekly iiewspajier, was issued by Oliver Wiiite 
at Toulon, in 1876. The little journal was decidedly republican, and 
carried the name of James G. Blaine for President. 

Toulon seiui-weeklv IL raid, a four-page, twentv-foiir-columii jour- 
nal followed Moll;/ Shirl: Vol. IV, No.' 1. was issued .Inly 2. 188(1, 
bearing the editorial name of E. H. Phelj)s. This. too. was republicaii. 
carrying a twin miniature |>icture of Garfield and xVrthur at the head 
of its local columns. In every issue of this pajier a desire to give the 
people news, and plenty of it. is manifested. Among the eccentricities 
of the ty]ies, the following notice frinn the Peoria Cali^ relating to the 
J/era/// offive, brings forth one: "The Toulon Herald has a poet, and 
the ])oet wrote a beautiful little poem all about 'a friend with a heart 
of gold,' and the ILrald jtrinters set it u]) a 'heart of Chicago." and 
when Pheljis. the practical and niattar-of-fact editor of the Ifcrald. 
read the ]iroof. he miUUy wondei'ed at the physiological ]ieculiaritv of 
the friencrs heart, imt didn't (|iiestion the accuracy of the stateiueiit. 
and so it went through the paper, 'heart of Chicago;' and now the 


poet tlireatens to put a liead on tlie whole office, if they don't fix the 
thint;,' iiji satisfactorily." It is said that this paper was moved to 
Wyoming in 1881, and iiublished there under the name of Wyomin"- 
Herald. ' _ ^ » 

The Stark county Smtini'l closed its si.xtli volume, Se])tember 23, 
1886. The jjajier was first issued October 8, 1880. On April 30, 1881, 
the partnership between Thomas II. P)lair and Will E. ]yixon was dis- 
solved, and that of W. E. Iv'ixon and J. K. Hall formed, which existed 
until May, 1S82, when Mr. Hall became sole owner. On January 1, 
188-1-, Gus Ilulsizer purchased an interest in the paper. This copart- 
nership, existing ])etween J. Knox Hall and (lus Ilulsizer, was dis- 
solved I*'ebruary 13, 188.5, and the latter became sole owner and editor. 
The Simthu'l is now one of the strongest prohiljition journals in tlie 
state. It is well edited, full up of local news, and claims a very wide 
circulation in the western states, as well as in this county. The editor, 
in closing volume six, says: "We are thankful for the friends we 
have got. and are ready to heaji coals of fire on the heads of our ene- 
mies; in fact, do anything honoralile to keep our 'list' booming and 
bring deliiKpients to time, and we greatly fear when our spirit departs 
it will seriously haunt the lives of some, unless they bring up their 
ai'rears soon. Amid clouds and sunshine, buoyant hopes and prospects 
figured out mountain high, we change to volume seven and thank our 
numerous readers for liberal support, kind words, and timely advice, 
and hope by judicious management and fine maneuvering to retain all 
and gather in many more." 

The tri-weekly Call was issued by Tsi.xon Bros, at Toulon, ]\[arcli 
20, 1883. It was changed to the semi-weekly Call, but ceased puljli- 
cation August 16, 1883. 

The Posi-Chronicle dates back to 1872, when E. H. Pheljis, now of 
Kansas Oity, was requested to found a newspaper at Wyoming. The 
first number was issued August 9, 1872, to eighty jiaying subscribers. 
The name adojited was due to the fact that the I'radford Chronide 
then held the field in the eastern townships, and the new paper was 
in fact a consolidation of the newspaper interests of Wyoming and 

The Wyoming Posf. a new name given to the pioneer journal of 
the town, made its appearance within a few months under Mr. Phel|)s' 
charge, and continued in charge until the sale of his paper to Gil- 
christ. In October, 1878, Craddock I't V()sl)urg issued their greetings 
as editors of the P(»<t. This journal continued in existence until Feb- 
ruary 5, 1885, when it was consolidated with the Herald, under the 
name Pemt-Herald, J. M. Newton, of the last-named journal, holding 
a, ])osition in the office almost continuously from 1872 to 1885. 

The Wyoming Herald was one of the journalistic enterjii-ises of 
E. II. Phelps. AVliether it was a continuation of the Toulon Herald or 
a separate venture the writer will not say, but from the following ]«ira- 
gi'apli, which a])peared in the Peoria -/«?/;■««/, November 12, 1881, it 
a])pears to be identical with the Toulon Heredd, except in name of 
office: "When Phelps of the Wyoming Herald sold out to Gilchrist, 
the paper he was then publishing — the Wyoming I'ost — he agreed 


not to ])ul)lisli a paper in Stark county for fire yeitrs. IJecentlv 
he ivinoved liis paper from Toulon to Wyoming, and tiuis came in 
direct conflict with (4ilclirist's successor, Sandham. Tlie latter has 
now asked for an injunction restraining Phelps from publishing the 
Herald in AVyoming. The point is to be argued in this city next 
week." Agreeable to the above facts, B. F. Thompson, petitioners 
attorne\% and J. II. Miller, defendant's attorney, went to Peoria to 
argue the case liefore Judge ]\Ic('ulloch." It is clear, however, that the 
IL ridiJ survived this att;ick, for in April, 188:^, Chandler t'c Sweeney 
]Hirchased the ottice from E. II. Phelps, who left for Kansas Citv. In 
I'ebruarv. 1884, L. W. Chandler sold his interest to A. ~\Y. Ilotchkiss; 
Sweeney, also disposed of his interest, and on January 1, 18S5, the 
publication of a tri-weekly news]iaper ceased, the owners continuing a 
weekly journ;\l. until its consolidation with the Poi<t under the name 
J'oxf-IlcruJiJ. On February 5, 188,"), tlie first number of the Post- 
llentld was issued, with AV. R. Sandham and A. W. Ilotchkiss. ]iub- 
lishers. Jason M. Newton has been assistant editor from ])rior to this 
time to January, 188t;, and editor since that time, thus le;iviug Mr. 
Sandham free to attend to his otficial duties as Superintendent of 
Schools. The Post-IL'ndd is an excellent weekly ]iaper. Sound judg- 
ment marks its progress: while in its local and editorial columns the 
enterprising spirit of the town of its publication is made manifest. 
A. W. Ilotchkiss. so long connected with this paper, is pul)lislier of the 
Wa-Keeiieij Trihiine. in Kansas. 

The Daih, Po»t-Herald is a newsy sheet, issued from this ottice 
during the fairs of the Central Agricultural Society. In make-up and 
local news it vies with any of the penny dailies of our lai-ge cities. 

The Starl: Counfij Bee was issued in 187t>, at Wyoming, by M. ]\I. 
ilonteith. Professing independence in politics while leaning toward 
republicanism, it could not exist very long, nor did it. 

The Bnidford Chronicle dates back to the spring of 1872, but 
there is no positive information at hand to warrant the statement that 
it was published then. In August of that year it was consolidated 
with the Poiit. at Wyoming, under the title Po-Yt-Chronv-lc. 

The P>radford Times v;as first issued December 25, 1880. The salu- 
tatory was as follows: "The question will probalJy arise in the mintls 
of many who receive this copy of the Tiim's, What is the use of another 
jiaper in Stark county:! We answer by saying that the people of IJi-ad- 
fo»d think they can' sujijjort a ]ia]ier. They also think that while it 
maybe beneficial to them in m;iny ways itcan do them no possible 
harm. This is all the excuse we have to offer, simply letting the ])a])pr 
speak for itself. F. X. Prout. editor."' Prof. W. li. Sandliam's name 
appears as editor Septembei' 24. 1881 The Times was not i)rinted at 
Ui'adford. The Bradford Indepi'iidi-nt u'as issued June 4. 18S."), from 
the first printing office ever established at Bradford, hy V. F. Hamil- 
ton and J. C. Blaisdell, the latter continuing in partnership until June 
1, 1S8»>, when Mr. Hamilton became sole owner. 

The Lafayette Ann e.r was issued by S. A. Miller in Octoi)er. 1883. 
In June, 1884 S. A. Miller changed the'name of the Anner to the Lafaij- 
ette iieidinel, under which the i)aper was published to its 



If we exce])t the historical contributions of George Clifford to the 
press, the readable little book of 1863, by Oliver White, on the marine 
artillery, and the pamphlet on tlie jirooress of the R. I. «t P. R. R., b}' 
P. M. Plair, in 1S<)1), we must place tlie historical work of Mrs. Shal- 
lenberger first, and her name among the first authoi's in the county. 

.sy<?rZ' Count;/ and Its Pioneers is the title of this work, issued fi'om 
the press of the Pi'ah'ic Cliief Ai Cambridge. 111., in 187*i, and dedica- 
ted to the jiioneer families of the country. Ajtart entirely from the 
]n-aise which should be accorded to the writer or compiler of local 
liistory. this volume should earn for its author both ])raise and thanks; 
for in it are found many items, which never could be obtained had she 
not nuule the effort prior to 1875. Again, the work bears evidence of 
hei- desire to be exhaustive ; it is the result of two and a half years of 
literaiy work, and a testimonial for all time to her industrv and her 
ajipreciation of what is due to the ])ast. to the present and to the 
future. While the volume does not pretend to contain anything like 
the whole pioneer story of the county, it forms one of the most valu- 
al)le contributions to local history which has come under the notice of 
the wi'iter since 1.^71, when he entered on historical work. 

Pen shic/ics of se/'i'ire In tlie marine (niiller;/: In ^Nfay. 18(;3 there 
was })ublished at Toulon a little book by Oliver White, under this 
title. His contributions to the press are generally Avell ju'epared. 

The Ilistorg of the 112th Regt. III. Vol. Inf. was completed Novem- 
ber 19, 1885. and issued from the press of the Starh County News the 
same year. The tyjie, pai)er and binding reflect much credit on the 
book department of that office. Tiie work contains -f8() ]mges of 
IH-inted mattei'. devoted solely to the 112th regiment. The author, 
Captain I!. K. Thom])son. ti'eats his subject exhaustively and well. 
So thoroughly has his task been performed old comrades of his regi- 
ment, after reading the book, sit down content as they did when Lee 
surreiulered, and say : — "We have no more to learn — it is all there." 

The historical addresses of the Hendersons, Miles A. Fuller, Millers, 
Martin fShalleuberger and flu; historical reminiscences of W. H. Adams 
and numy others, credited with such stories in this work, have gone far 
t(j render the work of the historian light, and the benefits to their 
fellow citizens very material. Rehind all this there is a literary under- 
current prevailing in the county which is manifested in papers pn 
special subjects, and in a few instances carried into church and other 

1 cannot leave this sul>jcct without touching on the ])oets and 
jioeti'v of the county. In a few instances their verses are introduced 
in one or other of the various chapters; but beyond this, and it must 
be regretted, the character of this recoi'd-book will not permit their 
publication. IVfany of the ])oets write under assununl names, such as, 
" Nina," while a few subscrii)e their full luxmes — among whom are the 
Stewarts and Stouffers. From 185<; to the present time thi' county 
|)r('ss has contained very choice jioems from local poets. 

The literary cii'cles, too, have produced some excellent essayists, 



but, like tlie poets, their labors iiiiist claim only a general notice. So, 
too, with the debating societies. Their logical contests cannot be re- 
counted ; but in each case tlie names of the essayists and debators are 
given in the history of the townships. 

In music and ])aintiiig, in law and medicine, the county will more 
than compare with any other :iSS square miles of an equal population 
in tlie universe. 



IROM 1S21 to 18()9 Illinois received no less than §718,495.45 
from tlie proceeds of sales of school lands, togetlier with 
s447.'.U!> of the !?2S,000,0()0 surplus divided by Congress in 
ls;3(> among tiie states. The land grant for educational 
purposes comprised 9S5,0(iri acres for common schools and 
4f'),US() acres for universities. The report of the State 
Superintendent of Public Instruction for the year ending 
June ?>o, 1SS3, was issued in April, 1884. It shows the 
whole numlier of ]iersons under twenty-one years of age in 
the state to lie 1,540,918, as compared with 1,529,318 in 
1SS2, and 1,50(1,255 in 1880. The number between the 
ages of six and twenty-one years is 1,046,936, as compared with 1,(I37,- 
5H7 in 1882. The inci'ease under this head is 166,223 in the eleven 
years reported since 1872. There ai'e now 1,096,540 persons in Illinois 
of school age, and the school eni'ollment is 743,343. Many chaTiges 
have Ijeen made in tlie original school laws of the state, each one tend- 
ing to improve the system. The amendment ])roviding for the elec- 
tion of district scliool directors came into force in May, 1857. A few 
years ago the act regulating the meeting of teachers' institutes came 
into operation and has been attended with beneficial results. 

The first scIkjoI district was No. 1, of Essex in 1833, where a school- 
house was built July 4, 1834. Adam Perry presided here three 
months, receiving S55.50 from Isaac B. Essex. On Jnly 8, 1835, Miss 
Sabrina ( 'hattield received sl3 for teaching here three montlis. Miss 
('liatficld mai'ried 1!. L. Ililhard. and died in Clark county, Iowa, as 
related in the townshi|i iiistory. From this small beginning the school 
system has grown up to its pi'esent important place. The action of 
the county commissioners in 1839, in appointing trustees for the school 
lands of the several townshi])s, is referred to in the chapter on the 
organization of the county. In the history of the townshijis the schools 
are treated as fully as records would [lermit, so that in this chapter all 
relating specially to the townsiiips is omitted. 

The school commissioners or county superintendents from is-tii |o 
the present time are named as follows: James Holgate, 1840; Chas. 
II. Miner, 1841-5 (died in Chicago al)out 1850); James B. Lewis,1845-9. 


(Lewis taiiglit school in the " Old Brick," Avhich stood where Pierson 
Miller's house now is). Samuel G. Wright was elected in lS4it over 
Martin Shallenherger. He was reelected in 1851 over Thomas J. Hen- 
derson and CI. A. Clitford; reelected in 1853 over Lucius E. Miner. In 
1855 E. C. Dunn was elected; reelected in 1857; reelected in 1859. 
N. F. Atkins was chosen in 1861, reelected in 1863, but dying before 
expiration of term, his place was filled by J. "W. Agard. Folio wijig 
Mr. Agard were B. (4. llall, now in Iowa; Alonzo Aljbott, of Brad- 
ford, a member of tlie institute of 1886; Amelia L. Halsey, now a 
Chicago teacher, and AV. R. Santlham, tiie present county superin- 
tendent and member of the State Board of Education. Tlie dates of 
election, candidates for the offices, votes and party to whicii each can- 
didate l^elonged are all given in the political cliapter. 

The princijml school statistics for each lialf decade since tlie close 
of the war are given as follows: The order of figures is: Year. 1st 
column ; number of districts, 2d ; number of school houses, 3d ; scliool 
not kept, Jrth ; number of pupils under 21 years, 5th; num])er attend- 
ing, 6tli ; number of males, 7th ; number of females, 8th ; number of 
graded schools, 9th; number of male teachers, H)th; number of female 
teachers, 11th; total receipts for school purposes, 12th column : 

186.5 — 70 — 71— 5 — 4T!;S — 3042 — ITwO — 1492— 1—24 — 115 — 17,494.39 
1870 — 69 — 74 — 1 — .•■014— 3138 — 1654- 1484— 2 — :^8 — 105 — 38,232.49 

1875 — 79 — 84 6192-3520— 1833 — 1687-^17 — .59 — 110 — .55,226.41 

1880 — 73 — 72 — 1 — .5.500— 2772 — 14.53— 1:319— 6 — .51 — 110 — .59,294.80 

In 1805 there were two pi'ivate schools attended by thirty-five 
pupils. In 1870 there wei'e nine colored j^ouths attending school 

The condition of tlie schools of the C(.)unty in 1886, as sh-iwu iii 
Su]ierintendent Sandhanrs teport to the Dejiartment of Pul)lic Instruc- 
tion, is as follows: Afales under twenty-one years, 2425; females 
under twenty -one year.s, 2;')11 : total under twenty-one years, 4736. 
Males between six and twenty-one years, 1749; females between six 
and twenty-one years, 1711; total, 3460. IS^umber of school districts 
holding school for 110 days or more, seventy; number of grailed 
schools, six; ungraded, sixty-five; total number of schools, seventy- 
one; total number of pupils enrolled, 2(')S3. of which 450 males and 
454 females were enrolled in graded schools. In these last-named 
schools there were eight male, and sixteen female, teachei's empicjyed 
during the year ending June 30, 1886. In the ungraded scliools were 
thirty-six male, and eighty -six female, teachers, or in all schools 14(') 
teachers. In the graded schools male teachers presided 57i months, 
and female teachei's, 108f months. In the ungraded scliools male 
teachers presided 151^. and female teachers, 359, months in the aggre- 
gate. The number of brick schooUiouses is four, of frame houses, sixty- 
eight, giving' a total of seventv-two buildings. Seven districts luive 
libraries, aggregating 233 volumes. Tiiere are two private schools, 
attended by forty male, and fortv-t\vo female, pupils, jn-esided over by 
one female, and two male, teachei-s. The highest salary ])aid any male 
teacher per mouth was $112. 5<i, ami paid any female S55 per month. 
The lowest in the case of males was $27. and of females, $25, per 


montli. The amount earned b}" male teachers during tlie year was 
slu, 477.92, and by female teachers, ^17,608.20. The amount of dis- 
trict tax-levy was $31,190.(13. The estimated value of school property 
was placed at §106,550; of school libraries, 8740, and of school appa- 
ratus. S1205. The amount of bonded school debt in June, ISSfi, was 
$l:3.")n. There were four of school age in the county wiio could 
neither read nor write — one mute, one blind, and two mentally weak. 
Tiie accounts of township treasurers in /v distril)utable funds, shows 
receipts, including balances in every township, amounting to $584,997, 
all of which was paid out except 8223.13 on hand June 30, 1886. The 
account with school districts shows total receipts from special district 
taxes of 832,228.72. ])upils wlio paiil tuition fees. 8509.70, and other 
receipts, bringing the total revenue of districts for tlie year up to 8*»1,- 
283.50. The wiiole amount paid teaehers was 828.545.41. The total 
expenditure, re])orted by districts, was 8-^9, 084.86, leaving a balance 
of 823,098.64 on June 30, 1886. During the j^ear a beciuest of 818,- 
309.50 was made by Lewis Austin to the schools of Llmira. The 
amount ]iaid school treasurers was 8-1,193.40, moneys invested, 81^.- 
932.12. Tlie names of treasurers for the year ending June, 1S86, are 
Samuel Wrigley, Valley; A. G. Hammond, Essex; Joseph Swank, 
West .lersev; (\ it. lieecher, Goshen; Levi Silliman, Toulon; Brooks 
W. ('rum. Penn; II. J. Baldwin, Osceola; and ^V. M. Fuller, Elmira. 
The foregoing, witii the exliibit of township fund, balance sheet, 
l)oards of education, high schools, and general report of the county 
superintendent, constitute the whole report for the year ending June 
3(1, 188f!. In his report to the Board of Supervisors he states that he 
had spent 124 days visiting schools; twenty days" institute work; 
twelve days on teachers' examination, and other official work, forty- 
six days. During the year 1885-86, had visited every school in the 
county three times, and five schools four times. In every townshij) 
the efforts of the present superintendent to raise the school standard 
still higher are appreciated. The people know that his enthusiasm in 
school work affects the teachers, is carried l)y them to the pupils, and 
thence to the homes of the ])eople. His administration of the supei"- 
intenilent's office has been attended with incalculable good. 

Tvachers f ndltufe cmd Association. — In a letter addressed to AVil- 
liam Nowlan by Eev. S. G. AVright, replying to one asking for infoi'- 
mation wi re the county institute, the following history is given: "Mj^ 
recollection is that Rev. A. Lyman, of Geneseo. at my invitation, con- 
ducted the first county institute at my house, just north of Toulon. 
Rev. II. ('. Dunn afterward told me it was the first institute held in 
Illinois. I have a mimite Ijook in my j(jurnal under date of March !'.». 
1850: 'Last Friday I drew up a constitution for a teachers' associa- 
titm.' Also, under date April 1, 1850: 'Last week attended Teachers" 
Institute.' Also, in May: 'attended institute in Lafayette. I find, 
also, in Novendjer, a notice of a teachers' institute and essays of a 
high order read. I have a notice of having addressed the institute m 
Octoljer. 1852. I think we had at that time a county institute with 
sub. or local institutes, as at Lafayette. Mr. Xowlan, continuing the 
subjiH't. iielieves that the meeting of October, 1852, was the first 


pulilic or regular meeting of the teachers. From this period until 
1S59 meetings were held, but the organization was little moi'e than a 
social meeting club. In the summer of 18.59 R. C. Dunn and Oliver 
Wliite were the only persons \vho I'esponded to a call for reorganizing 
tlie institute. A few evenings later the teachers of Toulon assemlded 
at Mr. Dunn's house, where, with Mr. Dunn, were Rev. A. J. Wright, 
I'aptist; Rev. Matthews, Methodist, both of Lafayette; Rev. S. (). 
Humphrey, Christian church, Toulon; Rev. G. A. Leaver, of Wyom- 
ing. During this session one B. F. Taylor delivered his lecture. 
Among the readers were L. D. Gleeson, Miss Rogers, Dr. J. 0. Cope- 
stake, a[iss Mary Rerfield, W. W. Wright, C. J. Gill, or '.Tud' Gdl. 
Gill won the prize, although Rev. G. A. Leaver announced pul)licly 
that he could not distinguisii Jud's reading from a gymnastic exercise. 
This meeting adjourned to tiie spring of I860, but did not reassemble 

In the spring of 1867 B. G. Hall received a premium of $.50 for 
getting a number of subscriliers for the Teaehcrs Journal. This he 
donated to the teachers' institute, to Ije applied in founding a library. 
Some money was added to this sum ami books were purciiased. This 
led to the formation of the Stark County Teachers' Library' Associa- 
sion, Avhich ceased after a short time, and with its downfall the book 
collection disappeared. Then followed the teachers' institute as we 
now know it, hauntrd witii lecturers, school book agents and amljitious 
readers like Gill. 

Tlie teachei's who received certificates in 1861 were: Rebecca 
Trickle, AVilliam P. Barr, Albert S. Joiinston, John F. Rhodes, Levi 
Silliman, Charles Atherton, Eugenie Hull, Kate F. Johnston, Ellen 
Stanton, Ellen Y. Sjiencer, Ann L. Ilinies, Eliza Drunim, Olive Smith, 
Mai'tha M. Burnham. Rel>ecca JSTicholas, Ella Bales, Jennie ]\IcCul- 
lough, Lucy Oziah, AVilliam S(^ely (local preacher). Angelina Trickle, 
Miss Lvman, Eliza ('. Smith, Miss Sabra AVood, Ada AVillcox, Clara 
Pike, Jlartha Pratt, Alartha, J'orter, Alice Fuller, Mary J. Lennon. 
T\Iarv J. Pettit, Mrs. L. 1). Burge, Marv Perry, Fannv llicks, Harriet 
Rhodes. Ellen King, IMary Gillette, Alary B.'AVhitaker, Martha Sher- 
borne, Ellen Lynch. Jane Lynch. Joshuii Thoi'[), Olive Decker, Peter 
A.Ferbi'ache, (Tiarles Thompson, Alonzo P. Johnson, Afartin Johnson, 
Edwin Smith, Eugene AL (iallup, Eliza ^hirvin, J(jhn Watts, Henry II. 
Leonard, AVilliam Bell, Salathiel Fast, James Ferris, liobert Jiarr, 
James Ilolgate, Ezi'a Griffin, Lucia (Tregory, Albert Crawford, Herbert 
Bassett, John Kell, Harmon Phenix, Alarv (-ioodrich, Philip Tabor, 
I5en. Drake, D. N. Redding and AVilliam AV. Miller. 

Among those to whom certificates were issued in 1862 were Samuel 
Burge, Jaines M. Severens, AV. A. Jones, Sanford Clai-k, James Rol)- 
inson, George Brown, N. C. Bishop. George Smith, Alartin Stitsel and 
Oi'ra M. Allen, the only males among sixty-nine admitted. In 1863 
there do not appear to be any certificates or examinations held, and 
only eight in 1864. In lS(i5 the following notice was published : 

••A teachers' institute was called to be held at Toulon, commencing 
April 20, 180."), and a good do<d of pains taken to persuade teachens from 
abroad to iittend, but it being the week of the as.sassination of our Prcsi- 


(lent, the etlitor gave iioHco that tlie people could not prepare for the insti- 
tute; it was therefore not held and no other one called. 

••J. W. AciAiio. 
••County Snjierintendent of Scliools. "' 

The tfacliei's to whom ccrtiticates were granted in lS(i4 anil IStJa, 
and who may he considered mendjers (jf the po»t-hel} u m institutes, are 
named as follows: W. II. iJlanehard, Francis Davis, (Teorge Nicholas, 
Charles i\Iyers, Allen V. Miller, Edwin Cutler, Robert T. Dickinson, 
James H. TurnbuU, George Bradley. Leona Blanchard, Jane Deys, El- 
vira Newton, Susan A. Beattv, Emily Tilden, Louisa L. Wilson, Eliza 
A. ]\rcGlashan, IMaria, L. Cutter, Jfartha O. Trickle, Nancy S. Bennett, 
Alice Ilavmond, Harriet Witter, Eliza Ecklev, Mary B. Carter, Henri- 
etta J. Flint, Amelia A. Ilalsey, Harriet G'. Grant, Kate A. Hablit. 
Mary J. IMunson, Hannah J\[unson, Ilosie Pratz, Jennie Bevier, Henri- 
etta Riddle, Rebecca Fonts, Mrs. Townsend, Jane E. Shemerhorn, Maiy 
C. Lyon, Annie E. Dyer, YXv/ja. Jane MotRtt, Juliet P. Judd, Mrs. Mary 
A. Bailey, Eliza J. Stockner, Amanda Mohan, Libbie A. Bryan, Emi- 
line Taylor. Louisa Whitfen, Emily Kellogg. Lecta Nicholas, Anna B. 
Kinnujnth, Olivia A. Rhodes. ( elesta Eastman, Jennie Dixon, l^liza \. 
Stickney, Lucy A. Libby. Almii-a M. Snyder. Henrietta L. Snider. Susan 
P. Nash. ]\[ai'V G. Stevens. ]\[iss Anthony. Josephine Dver and Celestia 
Dyer. ' " _ " 

From Novembi'r, isi;.j to Decend)er 7. 1S()6, there were one less 
than 1.54 teachers" certificates issued, nniny iieing renewals. Among 
the number were Oi'lando Brace, a returned soldi(n', James E. Finlev, 
Cyrus A. Anthony, Charles Butler, Charles R. Thompson, all returned 
.soldiers; Albert W. King, Josephine Dj^er, of District No. 8, Penn, 
who presided there for a> number of years; Mrs. Maria P., 
widow of N. F. Atkins; Robert Fell and Alfred Ilemmant, returned 
soldiers. In 1S<;7 certificates were issued to Augustus Ilulsizei- and 
Edwin IJutlei'. I'eturned soldiers, and eighty-eight others. In 18(18 
ninety-idne certificates were issued, only twenty -nine to male a])})!!- 
cants". In lst;i». \vi certificates were granted; 1870. lo:!; in 187L 1*^; 
in 187:2, 1-H ; in 187P.,'.»U; in l.s74. Uti; in 1875, 111 ; in i87<i, 2-t2 ; in 
1877, lOO; in 1878, 1U3; in 1870, ll."> ; in 1880, 108; in 1881, 110; and 
in 1882, 124 certificates were issued. Even now, four years after tlie 
last list was made, a large number of the ladies haye married, or are 
scattered throughout the west — very few are engaged in the schools 
of Stark county. 

The Teachers' Nornnil Class was organized in the ••Old Brick'' at 
Osceola. March 23, 1868, by I!. G. Hall, with the foHowing : Hartlett 
G. Hall, Dr. II. B.Upton, William C. Kay, Louisa A. Stone, Ellen 
Hall, Emeline Lyle, Marv Adams, Martha Rule, N. Clark, Rev. S. G. 
Wi'ight, Edwin J. Smith,' Ed. P. Wright. Anna P. Oliver, Esther Hall, 
Hertha Parks, Anna Davis, Ellen Gurley, Mary P. Wright and Florence 
.1. Chandjerlain. 

The Stark County Teachers' Association was organized at Toulon. 
October 27, 1860. W. C. Dewey was elected president; Mrs. A. J. 
Dyer, vice-president; R. Fell, secretary, and Miss Henrietta Riddle, 


tveasurei-. F. M. Shallenbergev, W. P. Wing, Misses A. J. Dver, 
Louisa Taylor and L. Witter formed tlie executive committee. 

From tills time down to the present day the teachers of Stark 
have l)een held together l)v organization; but of their meetings, 
brief notices are only at hand. 

Paul Newton was president and (-irace Jones secretary of the Stark 
County Teachers' Association in lfsSO-1, and both are today prominent 
in the school circle of the county. 

The Teachers' Institute in 1S82 comprised the following menil)ers : 
A. L. llalsev, IL M. White, M. 8tarrett, P>. G. Hall, Amy I. E. Reed, 
Elvira Demuth, H. J. Bvatt. Sarah Berfield. Fi'ank Akins, M. A. Hall, 
F. E. Saunders, A. B. "Altbott, W. II. Sandham, H. J. Clark, II. J. 
Dickinson, F. S. Rosseter, Mary Christy, E. 11. Farley. Lizzie ]\[eelian, 
Keva Newell, A. Keller, William Nowlan, James Kinney, Robert Fell, 
Hattie J. Dator, S. A. Little, Henry Nowlan, F. C. Wilson, Mary Hey- 
wood, E. E. Acklev, George Nowlan, E. B. Humphreys, M. H. Keyes, 
Paul Newton, W. C. Henry, Joseph Chase, Al'bt Snare, D. T. Osen- 
baugh, E. C. Rosseter, Frank Rist, Mary A. West, Anna Ileywood, 
James Chambers, Ella Turney, Grace Jones, Josie Tjaden, Kate Dris- 
coll, Nellie Jones, B. F. Jackson, Adna T. Smith. 

In 188:5 the Normal Institute was organized under the new statute. 

The Stark County Normal Institute met at Wyoming, July 18. 
1880, with Superintendent Sandham presiding. He was assisted by 
Mr. A. B. Abbott, of Bradfonl, and Miss Grace Jones, of Wyoming. 
The list of memljers present, by townslii[)s, is as follows : West Jersey 
Township. — Lizzie L. Lyon, Minnie Bradley, Jennie Sweat, JNIadge 
Adams, Sarah Fulton, Caspar Ilanawalt. Goshen Townslii]). — Hattie 
Hendricks, Mary Maginis, Amy Byatt, Willie White, George W. 
Heskett, Mamie Byatt, Eva Beers, Nellie M. Jones, Frank John- 
son, Cora Gall)raith, Will F. Johnson. Essex Township. — Beatrice 
Kinkade, Luci-etia D. Ogle, Ella B. Finley, Jennie A. Colwell, Ella 
E. Turnev, Nettie E. Wiley, Jenny Jordan, Clepra II. Quick, Kate 
A. Thomas, Alma Trimmer, Minnie Gehr, Eveline Lory, Henrietta 
Graves. Toulon Township. — .Jennie Gharrett, Alice M. Mawby, Elsie 
J. Mawby, Anna C. Chase, Hattie White, Carrie White. Mary Fulton, 
Hattie Byatt, Anna Heywood, Mary Hej-wood, Lena Trouslot, Addie 
Keeling, "Georgia Biles, Rosa Swanson, Fred Fox, Frank Nowlan, 
Frank Smith, Nina E. Ilartz, Carrie Ilolgate, Hallie Sargent, Anna 
Co])estake, P.lanche WoUe, Ella Wolfe, ]\Iaud Brees, Alice Graham, 
Dora B. Pliter, Mamie Filter, Laura Dickinson, Effie Adams, Sarah 
Kerney, Dell Lyon, Maggie Perry, Charles Foster, Frank Jones, W. I''. 
Nicholson. Elmira Township.— Mary E. Prosser, Yena Jolinston, 
Lottie Oliver, Maggie Ilaswell, Alice (4reen, Lucille Buswell, Alice 
Martin, St(^lla Sterling, Elmer E. Briggs. Valley Township.— Clara 
L. Job, Allie V. Cox, Florence Peterson, Mary Gill, Alice A. Selders, 
Molly Mc]\Ianus, Cora Jarman. Georgia A. Parker, Melvin B. Patter- 
son. Penn Township. — Marv Colgan, Florence A. Proctor, Elhi Wick- 
ham, Marie E. Dolan, Sallie Clark, Nellie Bunnell, Attie Martin, I'aul 
Newton. Percival G. Rennick. Osceola Township. — Clyde Buswell, 
Eifie Christy, Abbv A. Damon, Lillie Phenix, Lizzie llowes, Mary 



Sliarky. .Tolm ^[. Davifs. Florence liiissell, Ilattie Uray, Jacob Wasson, 
Sai'a A. Little, Stella Sterling. ^lonica. Peoria county. — Ida "Whit- 
tington, Emma ^IcKown. Tiiis list eml)races many names connected 
with former meetings, and almost covers the entire roll of teacliers 
then in the county schools. 

The institute of 18S<) is the fourth held under the administration of 
I'rofessor Sandhani, and the last of the four normal drills held under 
the new school law. 



HE jiioiicer Mcthotlist preacher of Illinois, Jesse "Walker, 
was horn in Virginia in 1766, entered the ministry of tlie 
M. E. clinrch in 1S(U; two years later came to Illinois, and 
in 1826 visited the Indian village near Plainfield. In 1827 
he was a})|)ointetl superintendent of the Fo.x River mission ; 
in 1829 took charge of the Des Plaines mission, established 
numerous societies of the M. E. church throughout northern 
Illinois, and died at Plainfield in 183o. Fifteen years after, 
his body was disinterred and rebnried in the new cemetery, 
where a monument to his memory was erected by order of 
the Rock river conference, ^I. E. church. Under him Isaac B. 
Essex was a])]iointed teacher of the Indian school at Peoria, 
and to him is credited one of the first sermons on ]\[etliodist 
doctrine in Stark connty. It is not at all certain that 
elders Silliman and Chenoweth preached here in 1829, con- 
tenting themselves with the physical aid giv^en to Essex in 
establishing his home. Rev. E. Heath of the St. Louis 
Methodist church. ])rcaclied here toward the close of 1834. 
and the following year came Rev. "William C. Cummings of the Peoria 
mission, to lay the foundations of 3[ethodism here. Eroni 1829 to 
1835 the preachers named in the history of Essex township, visited the 
settlements in wliat is now Stark county. The Baptist church of 
Fahrenheit. (Toshen townshi]i, was founded in 1837 at the house of 
elder ]\Iiner. The uiother of Presbyterian churches was established at 
Osceola. June 8. 1839, elder Davis presiding. The Mormons maybe 
said to have reci'uited a church here in 184i)-4fi, with John ]\[iller. 
Isaac B. Essex. Ira T. Dibble. Ad;im Perry, Robert and James 
]\IcC'lenahan. Dr. Richai-ds and wife. Deacon Mott. Samuel Parrisii. 
]\[rs. Parrish. one son and three daughters, members : but in 1841, the 
founder of Congregationalism here. S. G. "Wright, offered liattle to the 
Mormon elders, and won a few of those members back. Within the 
last forty-six years, all the new Presbyterian societies, the Universalists, 
Christians or Camjibelites, United Brethren and Catholics have built 
up churches and hii'ge societies, which are all noticed in the township 


Sunday School Union. — The Stark county Sunda}- School Union, 
organized in 1867, held its first annual meeting at James Holgate's 
grove that year. Davis Lowman was president, with W. "\V. Wright 
secretary. The Stark county Sunday School Union Picnic Association 
was organized August, 1S6S, during the annual meeting of the Union. 
The Sunday School society held its annual meeting August 12, 1809, 
when D. Lowman was elected president, AV. AV. AVi-ight, secretary, 
and Samuel Bnrge, treasurer. The vice-presidents were : J. M. Eogei's, 
li. Gritfin, Libert)^ Stone, Osceola; Eev. J. H. Montgomery, Elniira; 
Rev. AV. A. AYebster and H. AVillet. Toulon ; Rev. M. Hill and Isaac and 
Thomas, Essex ; Rev. T. S. A^ail and Reuben Swank, AA^est Jersey ; and 
Rev. Mr. Tiffany, G. Dillery, Goshen ; Scliermerhorn, Penn ; IT. II. 
Oliver, Elmira ; and A. N. Peterson, A'ailey. 

In 187U a formal meeting was held, of which no recoi'd can be 
found. The sixth annual meeting- was held at Toulon, August 22, 1871, 
when the following officers were elected: Davis Lowman, president; 
H. y. Godfrey, E. G. Plill, Reuben Swank, Rev. Montgomery of 
Elmira, Ilopkin Shivvers, Chas. Newell, James AVoods and Dr. T. AV. 
Hall, vice presidents; AV". AV. AV right, secretary-, Samuel Burge, treas- 
urer and K. AV. Dewey, assistant secretary. The seventh annual meet- 
ing was held at the M. E. Church, Toulon, January 1.5, 1873. E. II. 
Phelps was chosen assistant secretary vice N. AV. Dewey, the other 
officers being reelected except the vice presidents for Toulon, Essex, 
AVest Jersey and Osceola, of which the following were chosen res])ect- 
ively: N. AV. Dewey, Rev. J. AA'". Agard, J. Raymond and E. P. 
AVright. The eighth meeting was held Septeml)er 1, 1874. Davis 
Lowman was elected president; R. L. McCoi'd, E. H. Phelps, AV. AV. 
AVright, Robert Stonier, H. H. Oliver, C. A. Schemerhorn, E. P. 
AVright and Henry Blood, vice presidents; N. W. Dewey, secretary 
and Samuel Burge, treasurer. The ninth meeting, like the others, was 
held at Toulon. August 17, 1875. The officers were nearly all rei'lected ; 
and so from 187*1 to 1878 the greater number of old officers were con- 
tinued. In 1879 Rev. J. C. Mvers was elected president; B. G. Hall, 
secretary ; Rev. AV. AValters, B.' G. Hall, A. L. Pott and E. H. Phelps, 
executive committee; E. P. AVright, Rev. T. Springer and James Ful- 
ton, Penn, H. F. Blood, R. H. Miller and AVm. AVilson, Essex, John 
Hawks, E. A. Burge, Geo. Rutherford, ]Miss A. L. Ilalsey and A. D. 
Perrine, vice presidents. The annual meeting of 1880 was held at 
Castleton, September 1, when Rev. D. T. AViison was elected president; 
B. G. Hall, secretary and treasurer; E. E. Tyson, D. S. AVrain and AV. 
H. Barrett, executive committee. The vice presidents then chosen 
were AVatson Henry, L. P. Himes, E. B. Lyon, R. H. Miller, Rev. 
James Henderson, ll. F. Blood, Paul Newton and Geo. Thompson. 
The meeting of June, 1881, was hekl at Bradford. Rev. AVm. Stur- 
geon was elected ])resident; Dr. J. G. Boai'dmnn, Judge W. AV. 
AVright, Revs. J. C. Myers. L. F. CuUom and E. E. Tyson, executive 
committee, and B. G Hall, secretary. Mrs. A. L. Ilalsey, Mrs. C. AV. 
A^an Petten, Dr. E. O. Boardman, t>r. J.-G. Boardman, A. P. Muller, 
E. H. Smith and II. D. D. Alartin were among the vice presidents 
elected. The meeting of June, 1882, was held at the Baptist Chuirli, 


Osceola. Dr. J. G. Boardnian was elected president: Augustus TIul- 
sizer, W. II. Barrett, Kevs. ^V. 11. Joi-dan and Ingraluiin and P.. G. TIall, 
executive committee. Auioiig the new vice presidents were M. Snai'e. 
IT. J. Baldwin. Ghas. Grivits, L. P. Ilimes and Geo. Pntliei'tord. Tlie 
iifteenth annual meeting was lield in the Presbyterian Church, Elmira, 
in June. 18s3. Dr. J. (i. ]]oardman and B. G. Hall were i-ei'lected. 
A. P. Miller was added to the executive committee, and A. iS. Thomp- 
son Avas chosen vice president for Osceola, the otlier vice presidents 
being reelected. The sixteenth meeting was held at Toulon, June. 
188+, when T. C. Thomas was elected president; Dr. J. (4. Boardman, 
secretary, and these with W. IT. Barrett, J. W. Stevens and Geo. 
Eutherford. executive committee. The vice presidents were Revs. Y. 
I}. Ingrahani, W. II. Jordan and j\[essrs. T. F. Fate. Gus. Ilulsizer, W. 
(!. Henry, A. V. Ilimes, Henry F. Blood and Joseph Chase. In 1S85 
Eev. W. H. Jordan was elected uresident. and in June, ISSfi, the fol- 
lowing named officei's were chosen : President, J. ^V. Stephens, vice 
presidents, A. S. Thompson, E. E. Boardman. "W. Eeagan, Morris 
Smith. Joseph Chase, Gus. Ilulsizer, W. C. Henry and E. G. Hill; 
executive committee. Osceola and Elmira, T. F. Fate;' Penn and Valley. 
^V. II. Jordon; Toulon and Essex, D. G. Stouffer; AVest Jersey aiid 
Goshen, J. F. Ehodes; J. G. Boardman, secretary and treasurer. The 
seventeenth meeting was held in June, 1885, with Augustus Ilulsizer, 
presiding. The otticers elected M-ere Eev. W. H. Jordan, president ; 
Dr. J. G. Boardman. secretary ; J. W. Stephens, H. F. Blood, A. S. 
Thomson. - '- ■ • ■ • — - 

C. Henry and Eol)ert Ai-msti'ong, vice ])residents. 

V<nnp-iiieetjn(j Assfx-iation, as noticed in the history of AVyoming, 
may be said to date back to 1840,' when Elder Newton G. Berryman 
presided over a meeting held on or near the site of the present M. E. 
church at AVyoming. Eevs. Enos Thompson and Wilson Pitner, as- 
sisted. The meeting at Fraker's Grove, near Lafayette, in 1842, over 
which A. E. Phelps ])resided, outdone the first" camp completely, 
while the third, held at AVy((ming in 1843, surpassed its predecessors 
in number attending and spiritual work performed. Eev. John Morey 
presided, with Eev. II. J. Humphry, assisting. Year after year the Meth- 
odists and others carried on such meetings until a regular campmeeting 
association was formed. This band of gospel wijrkers claim a com- 
plete organization, with groves, tents, buildings, etc. The meeting of 
August 11, 188(:1, continued for several days. During the session o'ood 
board can be obtained on the camp ground at the following prices : 
One day, §1 ; two or more days, 25c. per meal ; for the week, !t^4 ; on 
Sunday, transient, 5(ic per meal. 

Btbli' Kocietij. — The Stark County Bible Society elected the fol- 
lowing officers for 185'i-7: Norman Butler, president ; C. M. John- 
son, vice-president ; T. B. Starrett, secretary: Davis Lowman. treas- 
urer; Eev. E. C. Dunn and Hev. ]\[i'. Eansom. executive committee; 
Samuel Ilalsted. lienjamin Packer. Hopkins Shivers, local agents; 
Mrs. N. Butler and ]\Iiss Sarah Armstrong, collectors. The traveling 
agent repoi'ted that only thirteen families in the county were without 

Thomson. Gus Ilulsizer, executive committee; Eobert Thompson. W. 
Reagan. "\Ym. Simpson. J. F. Ehodes. Joseph Chase, C. E. Wilson, W. 


P,il)]<'S. This or-<;;mi/.;itioii may hi^ said to luive lost its occii]iMf ion 
since tiie organization oi' hfancii or townsliij) V,U>]e societies. 

'l\iiij»riin<:e Ijatjne. — Tiie Citizens" Tenipefance League was organ- 
ized Mai-cli '), 1883, witli ))i-esident. A. P. Miller; vice-president, W. If. 
Barrett; secretary, B. F. Tlioin])son ; treasurer, P. P. Jolinson ; execu- 
tive committee, Charles Girvits. West Jersey ; A. (t. Hammond, Nortii 
Essex ; Henry Blood, Valley ; Paul IS'ewton, Penn ; A. F. Stickney, 
East Toulon ;' Wni. A. Dewey, West Toulon ; Wm. Nowlan, Goshen ; 
Koi)t. Armsti'ong. Elmira: E. P. Wright. Osceola: J. M. Jonefe, 
Lalavette; I). Minrhison. Toulon X'illMgc: l>. <;. Hall. AVyoming \'il- 
lage. and H. .). JJaldwin. Bradford. Tiie Stark County Temperance 
I'nion. of which J. II. C^uinn was last j)resident, preceded the Citizens' 
I'nion. I'V)r the past foi-ty years this temjierance organization lias 
been carried on iiudiT one form or another, and is as justly aggressive 
todav as it was when the saloonkeeper and distiller and lirewer placed 
the whiskv slio|) within easy access of every citizen. How soon the 
que.stion (if regulating morals will he inti'oduced into tem])ei'ance work 
is tincertain. There are many ci'imes. not always Ijred of strong drink, 
against society and the home, which call for prompt denunciation and 

ir. ('. T. I'. The Women's Chi'istian Tem])erance Union dates 
l)ack to Mav, 18S4. In this month .Mi-s. Smith, of Elmwood, district 
or"anizer, canvassed the county and formed three local societies, one 
at'^Vvoming, one at Toulon, and one at Lafayette. In February, 188."), 
a convention was lield at Wyoming, when Miss McDowell organized a 
countv societv. In Apiil, 18S<i, a l)ranch was established at Stark Vil- 
lage, and on the isth of that month the second convention, in which 
the foui' societies were re|)i'esented, was held at Toulon. Mrs. II. A. 
Turner has been president since oi'gaiiization. Mrs. JIarriet Al. I!l,iir 
treasurer, and Mrs. C. P. McCorkle are the present officei's. 

Ihisical Societi/. — On August 2o, 18<-)5, the Stark County Musical 
I'nion elected A. J. Wi'ight. pi'esident ; 1). J. Walker, secretary and 
ti-easurer ; X. .T. Smith, conductor; O. Whitaker, John F. Ilhodes, S. 
M. F. Farrar, Theo. Newell. P. \ . 15lanchard. and Aliss Jennie Hay- 
wood, vice-pi'esidents. Foi' many yeai-s this excellent society has not 
existed as a county organization, hut in its place a hundred musical 
societies have gi-own up. so that no church and very few homes arc 
without their own musical circle. All such societies are referred to in 
the townshi]) and village histories, and this one, too, should find its 
])lace there, had it not something to do in founding many of our church 
choirs of the ])i'esent time. 

The Masonic and Odd Fellow societies and (ii'and Army Posts are 
treated in the clia])1ei's devoted to Idcal history. 



A(iKUTI/lTl{.\T. ><0('IKTIKS. 

EOTXNIXGS of ;ill iimtual ])i'()tecti()n and ]>r<)<;i'essive or- 
iiaiiizations date l)acl< to tlio scttlcmcMit ol' Eliuifii town- 
sliip and ncigliborliood, wiien the pioneers l)anded tlieni- 
selvos tog-etlier to protect their claims until tlieir hinds 
could 1)6 purchased and entered under the laws. Following 
came the anti-horse-thief and anti-gambling association, 
then the undergi'ound railroad conductors" association, and 
following a nund)('r of local agi'icuUural oi'ganizations. in 
the fall of IS4;! a meeting of faniers was held in tiie old 
court iiouse. which is now the Yii'giuia House stable, to 
discuss means and ways for the orgaidzation of an agricul- 
tui'al society. Ca])t. Henry liutlei- delivered an address; 
Jonathan llinei' presided, with Henry iUitler secretary. W. 
H. H(>iulerson was elected ])i-(>sident ; Lawrence Dorrance, 
vice-]ir('sideiit: .1. Emery, M. S.; Oliver Whitaker. secretary: Jonathan 
Hodgson, treasurer; .1. Ilolgate, Sylvanus Moore and Cyi'il \\'ard, ex- 
ecutive committee. On Xoveml)ei-i!."), 1.S4;!, the constitution was signed 
by tlie following named members: James Holgate, Syl. Jfoore, Samuel 
Camp, IJexter Wall, S. Strouss, Asher M Smith, Amza Newnuin, 
Joseph Xewton, L. C. .\very, X(>hemiah T\Ierritt. .lohn .\. AVilliains, 
.Vbner Camp, William !•". Thomas, Henry Jjutler, L. Dorrance. 

The Wyoming committee comj)rised Syl. Moore, ^\'illialll 
Thomas and James Holgate. The central committee was com|)osed of 
Benjamin Turner, W. Miner and Cvi-il Ward. The Massillon commit- 
tee comi)rised Moses I'oardman. Stej)hen Trickle iind (ieorge Eckley. 
The Lafayette ju'ecinct committ(>e comprised J()se})h Emery, Barney 
Jackson and Henry j\rcClenahan. The Osceola committee comprised 
•lanu's >[oore, -lames liuswell and Henry Sturnis. The committee on 
constitution coni|)rised Charles II. Mincu', Henry Butler and Oliver 
AVhitaker; and the coi-responding committe, Ca})tain liutler, }>[. (1. 
Brace, J>. M. Jackson, W. H. llendei-son and Moses l!uardiiiaii. Vnr 
some years this association existed oidy in name. 

Stdrk ('ou)itij Agrieidtvral t^dvlcfy was organized ( »c(olioi' 20, 1853 
and held its first lair at Toulon, September 2(i, 1 S."i^. In ISCS the 
society purchased the fair grounds of twelve acres from tiie count v for 
^72(>, and tlu; same year purchaced tln'ce acr(>s more for ^^HU, Mr. 
Nowlan negotiating the purchases. The original memiiers were: — 
Henry Jiiitler, senior, Jolin B. Atherton, A\'illiam W. Wright, sr. 
Hugh Rhodes, lienjaiiiin 'J'urner, Thomas J. Henderson, Jacoli Jami- 
son, B. E. ISoughn, S. AI. Curtis, Bushrod Tapp, Joseph Cox and 



William Chanilierlin. General Thomas was apjiointed Tresident ; 
Captain Butlei", AVm. ^V. Wright, Jacolj Jamison and ]Javid JMcCance 
were appointed a committee on constitution. Tlie first election under 
the constitution took place in November 185;'., when Hugh Ehodes Avas 
chosen president, Martin Shallenlierger and Jacob Jamison, vice- 
presidents, Jolm Ii. Atherton, treasurer; David McCance, recorder; 
and Captain lUitler correspondent. Tlie first fair was held in Septem- 
ber 1854, and annually since that time, with the exception of 1S02. 
Mrs. Shallenberger in her reminiscences of that meeting says : " Some 
still ]-emember that first fair in 1854, when the stock was (juartered in 
ilr. AViiitaker's yard, and exhil)ited on the public scjuare, while the 
])roducts of the dairy, kitclien and loom were disposed of within the 
old court house, the table containing a few fancy articles which a 
gentlenuin lifted up, one by one. that they might be seen by tiie 
assemblage." ]\[any, if not all tlie mendiers of the society of 1843 
were interested iu this fair. 

The presidents of the society prior to 1863 were : Plugli Ehodes, 
Jacob Jamison, Isaac Spencer, Charles Myers, W. W. Wright and 
James Ilolgate. The old secretaries were David McCance, G. A. 
Clifi'ord. <:)liver AVhitaker and W. H. Butler, with J. II. Atherton and 
Oliver Whitaker treasurers. The names of presidents elec^tetl since 
1863 are given as follows : 1863, J. H. Quinn ; 1864, James M. Thomas ; 
1865, James H. Quinn ; 1866, Davis Lowman ; 1867, William Nowlan ; 
1868, Oliver Whitakei- ; 1869, lilark Blanchard; 1870, Joseph I). 
lihodes; 1873, Mark I!lanchard; 1S73, II. II. Oliver; 1874, Henry 
Colwell; 1875, William Ilolgate; 1876, Winfield Scott; 1877, Dennis 
Mawl)ey ; 1878, Joseph I). Ehodes; 187'.», Samuel Wrigley ; 1880, 
Andrew Oliver; 1881, James M. Eogers; 1882; Henry Colwell; 
1884, Cyrus Bocock ; and 1885-7, Henry Colwell. 

In 1863 Patrick Nowlan was elected seci'etary, served until 1872 
when William Lowman was chosen, and he gave jilace to H. M. Hall, 
in 1873. James Nowhm was elected in 1874, served until l.s79, when 
15. .1. Hall was elected secretary. Iu IsSO Charles i\Iyers was chosen 
and he served until 1884, when James Nowlan, the present incumbent, 
was elected. The treasurers were O. Whitaker, 1863; William Low- 
man, 1864-71; Geo. W. Nichols, 1871 ; Samuel Burge, 1873-87. The 
corresjionding secretaries since 1S()3 are named as follows: William 
Nowlan, P. M. Blair, Charles ]\[yers, II. IM. Hall, Benjamin C. Follett, 
1872, ~\^Ml]lam Nowlan and James ^[. Thomas, in 1875-7. 

The following were elected Avithout opposition at the close of the 
fair of 1886 ; Henr}' Colwell, president ; Perry Winn and C. W. Brown, 
vice presidents; W. W. Buswell, manager for Osceola and Wilson 
Trickle, manager for Essex. For seci-etary James Nowlan received 
236 votes and E. J. Dickinson 61. IManagers for Goshen, J. II. Quinn 
received 149 votes and Fred Ehodes, 144. Manager for Elinira, 
Thomas Oliver received 229 votes and H. II. Oliver ()8. Edward Col- 
gan, A'alley ; E. B. Lyon, Toulon ; A. J. Johnson, West Jersey; and 
Cyrus Bocock, Penn, were reelected. The field officers of the fair of 
1886Avere: Col. William Jackson, Marshal; Cora Moore and Frank 
Berfield, Assistant ilarshals ; Oliver Whitaker, Judge of Election ; 


Will Nicholson and Joseph Nowlan, flerks of Election : and E. B. 
Lyon, Superintendent ot (^i-onnds. 

The question of I'enioving the fair to AV^'oming was mooted early 
in 1873, and in Janiuuy, 1874, took a detinite form. The history of 
this movement is best related in the following official documents : 

Wyoming. III.. January 22, IST-t. 

We. the citizens of Wyoming, pledge ourselves that we will haul the 
lumber from the fair grounds at Toulon, free of expense, to the Stark 
Coiiiity Agricultui'al Society, to Wyoming ; provided, tlie society locates 
their grounds at the latter place. Siyned, James Holgate, F. F. ]}rock- 
Avav. W. F. Thomas. Alfred f'astle. Perry StanclifF, Samuel Thomas, 
Isaac Thiiiiias. 

Wyoming, III.. January 22. 1874. 

1 hereby gaarantee the payment of 1800 for the purpose of fencing and 
improving the Stark County Agricultural Fair (iroiinds: providing, the 
said grounds he locate(l within the corporate limits of Wyoming, to lie paid 
by June next. Siijiird. AVintield Scott. 

ToLLOx, January 24, 18;4. 

We. tlie undei'signeil. do hereby tender the Stark County Agricultui-al 
Societv five acres of grounds, adjoining their present grounds on the east, 
upon the following conditions : 1st. The fairs of said society shall be held 
on the present fair grounds and the grounds hereliy tendered for ten years 
next ensuing. 2d. 'J'he said society will give the right of way for a road 
across the north side of the present fair grounds. 3d. We do further ten- 
der to said society a boiid-fiile subsw'iption of 200 days labor to improve and 
fence said fair grounds, u[)on the conditions above specified. Siiincil. Vi. C. 
Follett, F. Bacmeister. . I. 1). Rhodes. 

On January 24, 1874, the |)r()[)ositions were discussed. AVm. Xow- 
hm's resoUiti(m to postpone consideration of the matter until aftei' the 
fair, was lost. Wm. Holgate moved that the Wyoming proposal he 
accepted, to which J. II. Anthony moved an amendment, in-oviding 
for a, vote on the two pro|)ositions by the agricultural board. This 
amendment was cari-ied, and the vote on the question taken with the 
following result : For tho proposition of Toulon, John II. Anthony. 
Samuel Ikii-ge, Henry ]\I. Hall. Davis Lowman, A. S. j\[urchison, Henry 
II. Oliver, and James II. Qninn, 7; for the proposition of Wyoming, 
Henry Colwell, A. J. Finley, Wm. Holgate, Wm. X(jwlan, James M. 
Rogei'S and I. W. Searls, (!. Thus Wyoming lost — and the old organi- 
zation of 18.53 continues meeting on the ancient hunting groumls near 

The Wool Growers' Association (jf Stark County was ])ermanently 
organized December 2, ISI!,"), with .1. 11. (Juinn. president, ami Wm. 
Nowlan, secretary. 

Central A(jnc'i]tiir<il Soriiii/. — The first meeting at Wyoming to 
form a second agricultural society was held October 23, ISTS. A. (t. 
Hammond presided, with F. I!. Wall, secretary. A committee to 
Sfdicit subscriptions was then a])i)ointed. consisting of W. Scott, Janu's 
Holgate, John Wi'iglev, Sam. Wriglev, Edward (V)lgan, \. J. Sheets. 
Monroe Cox. Wm. Pettit, Sylvester Wilkinson, E. J.''Griffin and J. M. 
Thomas. For over two years the subject was discussed, but not until 


1881 (lid |)laiis for the establi.slnnent of fair iiroiimls at Wvoniinf 

A meetiiig to consider the (juestion of establishing a society with 
headquarters at Wyoming was held February 5, 1881, on a call issued 
by Winfield Soott,'W. H. ITolgate. Samuel Wrigley and A. J. Sheets. 
This meeting was held with A. G. Hammond presiding, and T. B. 
Wall, secretary. A constitution was reported, adopted and signed bv 
Benjamin Bunnell, John ^Monier, John Speers, James Mclvean, Geo. AY. 
Scott, WinMeld Scott. T. B. Wall, James M. Thomas, Sr., and Samuel 
Wrigley. The officers then elected were Winfield Scott, president ; 
Samuel Wrigley, vice ])resident ; T. B. AVall, secretary ; J. M. Thomas, 
recording secretary; G. W. Scott, treasurer. The society purchased 
from Mrs. ]\r. A. Mai'kham a tract of ?>\H acres at $100 per acre, in 
.Vpril, issi, and the work of building and laying out grounds, entered 
upon. All was reaily in July, and on Se])tember (i, 7, 8, and 0, 1881, 
the first fair was held — premiums amounting to .sl,ooo being offered, 
the highest premium, s-200, being won by James McKean's 2:28i 
trotters. The highest premium Avas §50 for short horns, won that year 
and since that time, with one exception, 1884-, by W. Scott & Son. In 
October, 1881, tlie election resulted as follows: AV. Scott, president; 
A. AV. King, secretary; R. I)a\'ison, vice president; A\^m. Ilolgate, 
treasurer; James McKean. 11. B. Harris, Samuel AVrigley, Geo. AV. 
Scott, directors. At the fair oi 1882, two SloO premiums wei'e offered. 
The ofticers elected in 1882 were AVni. Holgate, president ; E. Davison, 
vice president ; T. B. AA^'all, secretary ; J. M. Thomas, corresponding 
secretai'v ; A. W. King, treasurer; W. Scott, II. Davison, S. AVrigle}', 
(t. AA^. Scott and J. M. AIcKean, directors. The elections of 1883 re- 
sulted as follows : K. Davison, president ; Samuel AVrigley. vice presi- 
dent ; A. G. Hammond, recoi'ding secretary: J. AI. Thomas, corres- 
ponding secretary; Jacob Graves, treasurer; AV. C. Decker, John 
Monier, C. AV. Brown, Joseph ('ox, directors. The officers for 1884 were 
AVinfield Scott, president; John Monier, vice president; C. P. Mc- 
Corkle, treasurer ; T. B. AA^all. secretary ; D. S. Burroughs, A. W. 
King, A. II. Mallory, Alichael Colgan, A. J. Sturms, directors. The 
officers of lss,j-8»i are AVinfield Scott, pi'esident ; John Alonier, vice 
l)resident ; C. V. AlcCorkle, treasurer; AV. A. Scott, corresponding 
and I'ecording secretar\% with John Monier, (_'. P. JVIcCorkle, J. A. 
Klock, Samuel AVrigley, AV. A. Scott, AVinfield Scott, T. J. Bocock, 
James JNIcKean E. II. Mallory, directors. The society was incorpo- 
i-ated in Octobei', 1879. AVinfield Scott. AA'^m. Ilolgate, Samuel AVrig- 
ley and Andi'ew J. Sheets are named in the certificate, and the capital 
stock placed at The I'oll of mendjers c(nn[)rises 2ol names of 
stockliDlders owning 1,000 shares valued at s^lO each, all paid up. 
The debts of the s(jciety in 1885 amounted to !^138, while against this, 
the grounds and buildings, counted among the finest in the State, 
.stand to credit. This ]iro]ierty is now declared free from taxation. 



HE first resident piiysician of Stark eounty was \)v. Eli|iiia- 
Ict Ellswortli, who practiced liere before tlie Jilack Hawk 
war, and made a })erinanent settlement liere in ISS-f. In 
1S3.J a Dr. Pratt settled in Elraira townslii]), and in 18o7 
came Dr. Thomas Hall, a man identified closely with the 
county up to the period of his death. He was followed b\- 
Dr. AVilliam Chandjcrlain, in lS4n. When dysentery and 
typhoid prevailed here they traveled on hoi'sei)ack for nine 
weeks, making eighty miles one day and fifty-six the next. 
Six years later he and Dr. Chand^ei-lain attended l,5oi» patients and 
dispensed eigiity ounces of quinine or Peruvian bark. Dr. E. II. Board- 
man, Dr. Ijacmeister, Dr. C'urtiss, Di-. King, and others, to whom full 
references are maile in the township histories, must be classed ;is pioneer 
physicians. ^lany of the physicians wjio have ])racticed in this countv 
are named in the following review: In May, ISSl, Dr. Baldwin sold 
his office, lot and practice at Toulon to Dr. Pratt, of Galva. Charles 
^V. "\Yriglit, a medical student, died at Toulon, March 9. 1884. On June 
•2S, ISsy, Dr. L. L. Long moved to Toulon from Orion. Dr. Oilman, 
dentist, settled at Wyoming in July, ISTO. Dr. Thomas Motter, who 
was found dead in his office at Wyoming, January (1, 1885; ])racticed 
in that town for twelve years. DV. J. (4. Oreene'died in August, 187!). 
He was an old resident of Wyoming. Dr. A. Swen moved to ('anton, 
McPherson county, Kansas, from AVyoming in March, 1880. Dr. Gar- 
field, who practiced at Tonlon from 1844 to 1848, then residing in a 
log cabin o])posite Benj. Turner's house, moved to LaSalle, 111. Dr. 
Curtiss, I'eferred to in a fonner page, was one of the early physicians 
here. In 1865 S. S. Kaysbiei- began the ]n'actice of mediciiie here. 
He is now in Kansas. Dr. AV. J.^Adams, dentist of' Toulon, was ])ro- 
hibited from using rul)ber dental plates in Se])temb(M-. 1S(!'.>. Di'. 
Kitchen, a dentist, was here in IsfV.t. Dr. Dunn, In'other of Pev. K .('. 
Dunn, who served in the 11:2th Illin<(is Infantry, died at Ciiicago, 
Cook county, in March, 180!t. Dr. Walter T. Hall ojiened his officeat 
Tonlon in Maivli. istUt, moved to Bivulfoi'd in October of that vear. but 
subseipiently I'eturned to Tonlon. Dentist Hoover was at Toulon in 
1880. Dr. Clark Dennith. of Plymouth, Mich., practiced at Tonlon 
]n'ior to l-ssl. Dr. J. C. Copestake. of Wyoming, practiced at West 
Jersev. and here also were the following' named plivsiciaus; West, 
Barnett, Upshaw, Periy,' W. A. Hampton, Claybaugh, P. W. King, 
AV. S. McClenahan. Dr. Tamper practiced sonie years at Bradford. 
In 1870 his son was appointed I'eceiver for Washington Territorv. Dr. 
Swazey, the organizer of the first base ball club inllie countv, was at 



Toulon about ISiid In the fall of 1800 one Dr. Ilayden, of Wvoiniiii;'. 
M'as taken to tlie tinil)er by the people and there siiaved, tarretl, 
feathered .md pelted with rotten eggs. Ilis alleged assault on the 
daughter of the pastor of the ^l. E. Church there was the cause of tiiis 
])opular punishment. R. O. Phillips, of ( 'ah, practiced at Lafayette up to 
the time of his emigration to the Pacific slope. Dr. D. F. Chamberlain, 
a raemljer of the first company sent from Stark Co. to the war, is now 
proprietor of a liotel at Eagle Rock, Idaho. Dr. Joseph 8. Kohn died 
at Dorr;mce, Stark Co., March 29, 188.5, He was born in Union Co., 
Pa , in 1809. V)ut for years practiced in Stark and Bureau Counties. 
Dr Ciias. E. Jordan, formerly jn-incipal of the Castleton school, is now 
a dentist at Red Cloud. Xeb. Dr. Pinney, of Kewanee. an old settler 
of the county, who visited Texas, served in the rebel army, returned in 
April, 1883, is now in Texas. His wife is a sister of Mrs. G. Laurence's 
mother. Dr. Gihnan (4. Shaw, a graduate of the Eclectic College of 
Pt^nnsvlvania, settled in Lomiiardviile about 1876. Dr. Emigii, of 
ISradford, left for Reil Cloud, Neb., 1883. Dr. A. V. Forgay located 
at 15railf(jrd in February, 1880. Mrs. Dr. Henrietta K. Morris, formerly 
of Pradford, was elected vice-president of the State Eclectic Medical 
Association in May, 1886. Dr. Annie L. Green removed from Bradfoi'd 
to Princeton in August, 1876. Dr. James Culbertson studied medicine, 
but has not ju'acticed here. Dr. Azra Lee. a surgeon in the war of I8l2, 
connected with tiie village (.)f Dnncan. died in August, 187'!. Dr. L. T. 
Sprague settled at Lafayette in the fall of 1881. and 0}>ened a di'n^- 
store there. Dr. Thomas, a physician of Duncan in 1881. Dr. Daniel 
Tyrrell is an old settler here, but long since retired from active profes- 
sional work. Dr. S. T. C. "Washburn died at Brailford in 1862, aged 
40 years. Dr. Young was also here that year and here liis wife died. 
The official list of physicians registered in Stark county since 1877 
includes tiie following names: T. Bacmeister. Germanv, December 
4, 1877; H. M. Hall, now of Kansas; W. T. Hall, U. S., becem])er 19, 
1877; L. L. Long. Pennsylvania, April ."), lS8-t; A. W. Peterson, Ger- 
many, Decendaer 31, 1877, all registered at Toulon. The physicians 
registei'ed at Wyoming since 1877 are named as follows: J. C. Cope- 
staice. England, Febriiarv 1, 1878; Harvev X. Fox. Ohio, Januaiw 9, 
1880; D. W. Magee, Pennsylvania. Decenil)er 20, 1881; X. B. ]\[o'rse. 
I". S.. February •>, 1878. In tiie otiier villages thi'oughout the county 
are found the following named registered physicians (all natives of 
the LTnion, witii the exceptions of J. Fieldhouse, of Camp (Trove, a 
native of Englandj: E. O. Boardman. Osceola; E. R. Boardman. 
Elinira; James G. Boardman. Bradford; W. W. Clayiiaugh, AVest 
Jersey; .b)hn R. Crawford, Lafayette; O. C. Darling, Bradforil; S. A. 
Davison, Bradford; J. Seth Farreli. Duncan; .1. Fieldhouse, Camp 
Grove; J. R. Holgate, Castleton; W. S. McClenahan. AVest Jersev; 
John B. McDee, Camp Grove; S. T. W. Potter, Wada Petra; (i. G. 
Shaw, Lombardville; Loyal T. Spi'ague, Dr. Xicholls, Lafayette. Many 
of tlie above named physicians are members of the Military Tract 
]\redical Societv. and a few of them ai'e eminent in scientific cii'cles. 



HE Western Air Line Railroad, or a road over tlie route 
subsequently surveyed under this name, Avas mentioned as 
early as lS5i>; but not until 1S53 did the idea take practical 
shape. In that year the Western Air Line Railroad Com- 
l)any appealed to the county for aid, and this ajjpeal was 
liberally responded to. as shown in the following abstract 
from a supreme court judgment. The case of (Tlaf John- 
son /'. Stark county was tried before the State supreme 
court in April, IStin. From the facts, as understood by the 
court, the following are given: On August 13, 1S53, 534 
votes were cast in favor of aiding the Western Air Line 
Railroad, while 141 votes were recoi'ded against. Li 1855. 
six ])er cent l)onds were issued for $1,000 each, signed by 
W. W. Wel)ster, chairman of the supervisors' Ijoard, and 
Miles A. Fuller, clerk, for which they received s.")0,000 
stock in return. In the evidence of Johnson it is said that 
the Swedish, or Bisliop Hill colony, graded sixteen miles 
of tlie road from AVyoming to Galva. It appeared fur- 
ther that Webster, at the election of railroad officers held at Lacon in 
1856. cast the vote to which Stark county was entitled, and that in 
1857 Isaac Thomas cast a representative vote. The judgment of the 
circuit court was reversed, and Stai'k county Avas ordered to pay l)oth 
the prin(;ipal and interest. 

In September, 1855 the ceremony of breaking ground was i)er- 
fornied. A dinner was spread on the public scjuare at Toulon, and 
the s50,0n<i donation to the enterprise promised a twentj'-fold return. 
Work on this division (jf tlie W. A. L. railroad ]irior to May. 1^56. re]v 
resented its.4(iu yards of excavation and embankment, and during that 
month i'l.ooii yards were completed. W. II. Greenwood was engineer. 
At this time tlie road was graded from the south side of O. AVhitakers 
Held to C. L. Eastman's farm. Then the shock came. The embank- 
ment was there, but Iteyond this there were no signs of completing 
the work. Interest coupons were presented and ])ayment refused. 
On Septemlier 15, 1858, one Olaf Johnson sued the county for the 
amount of interest due on sucii bonds; but a ju<lgment by the circuit 
court dismissed the suit: whicli was renewed, as stated, by the 
supreme court; and in IMarcli, 18(12, the same victorious Olaf Johnson 
presented for ])ayment sixty-live coupons; Claudius Jones, forty -one 
cou}>ons; O. Wliitaker, two coupons, and T. F. Ilurd. five cou]ionS — 
all of which the supervisors ordered to be paiil. 

On .Inly C>, isii.'i, Wm. Lowman. of Toulon, was elected treasurer. 
12 ' 19:J 


and Win. F. Thomas, of Wyoming, a director of the new board of tlie 
Americal Central R. R. Those men knowing- that $700,000 wortii of 
work was done, and SO miles of road-bed made ready for the rails, 
determined not to consent to the al)andonment of the enterprise ; but 
their efforts were not attended with success, the county lost $50,000 
and a fountain of patience equal to as much more. 

The Peoria A: Rock Island R. R. Co. was chartered March T, 1807. 
The first railroad meeting held at Toulon was that of Aug. 2<), 1867, 
in re the Reoria and Rock Island R. R. ])roject. Chas. Myers presided 
with Oliver White secretary. Al. Siiallenberger, A. 15. Gould and O. 
E. Page, of Cambridge, were the princijjal sjjeakers. Resolutions were 
adopted endorsing the scheme, and a committee comprising M. iShallen- 
berger, Oliver Whitaker, P. M. I'lair, Davis Lowman and Renjamin 
Turner was ajipointed to further the project. On Nov. !>, a second 
meeting was held, presided over by C. M. S. I,y(jn, with J. I\r. IJrown, 
secretary. Resolutions were adopted pledging the townshij) to snl>- 
scribe $50,000, and ajjpointing Miles A. Fuller, Davis Lowinan and 
Martin Shallenberger a committee to take charge of raising this sub- 
scription. On Nov. 12, 18t)7, directors were elected, and on the same 
day AV. R. Hamilton was chosen president and Patrick ]\[. Blair, vice- 
president. A year or two later one of the local papers, noticing this 
election, stated" : ■' It is through Mi-. Rlair's effort, to a great extent, 
that the work has been pushed forward so speedily in this county." 
On Nov. 22, lSt)7, citizens of Toulon, Penn, Essex, and valley town- 
ships assembled at Wvoming to consider the question of granting a 
l)onus to the P. A: R. 1. R. R. II. A. Hoist presided, with ,1. C. Coi)e- 
stake, secretai'y. A c(mimittee comprising A. (t. Hammond and C. II. 
Butler, of Essex ; ,lohn Wrigley and Isaac Thomas, of Toulon ; Chas. 
Holgate and George Nicholas, of Penn ; and Elisha Dixon and Thomas 
Crone, of Valley, was appointed to draft resolutions. Their rejiort 
was adopted, and each townshiji pledged to subscribe $50,0OO. A sec- 
ond committee to confer with the directors was appointed. Isaac 
Thomas, Winfield Scott, S. K. Conover and James :M. Rogers were the 
memlievs. The voting on this questi(ni .Ian. 27, 18(18. I'esulted as fol- 
lows: Toulon, for 284, contra 15.">, majority 129; Goshen, lor 12<t. con- 
tra IK!, majority -t; Essex, for 115, contra 120, uiajority 5; N'alley 
voted $;30,000. "The freeholders were wary this time, and surrounded 
their bonds with such conditions that default on the jiart of the com- 
])anv was out of the ipiestion. In Dec. 18<')7, the surveyors arrived 
at Toulon, having run the line tVoui Princeville to Toulon via AVyom- 
ino'. In Julv, 18(';8, the road was permanently located on this routv 
(in' preference to the route via Brimlield), striking the ohi grade of the 
America Central at Wyoming, and following that to Toulon. In Aug- 
ust, 1S09, the work of repairing the grade of the " American Central."" 
or W. A. L. R. R., was entered upon just -west of Toulon, the considei'- 
ation to the old defaulting conii)any being about $27,000. The road 
was so far completed l)y 1S71 thiit in .June of that year a construction 
train steamed into Toulon, the event being celebrated by a dinnei- 
spread in Judge Ogles grove. On July s, isjl, the tirst regular train 
passed over the I'oad. 


In October, 1S69, the Fooria & Rock Island Railroad Co. was con- 
solidated with the Rock Island l^' Pacific Railroad, thus uniting the 
Coal Valley Railroad and completing one of the best short lines in the 
state. During the c^uarter century of its existence, several accidents 
on this road have l)een recorded, the death of young Fuller near the 
depot being one of the saddest. On January 10, ISSl, a coach attached 
to the freight went (jver the embankment on the Rock Island & 
I'eoi'ia near Indian creek. Conductor Samuel Grant was killed. The 
thermometer stood 28*-^ below zero, so that the survivors were almost 
frozen when rescued. In January, 1882, William Allen, a well-known 
cattle-dealer, was killed by a train while crossmg the Rock Island & 
Feoria track near Robt. Mitchell's house. The Rock Island A: Feoria 
is assessed !?;l!:tS,T55 for its 19 miles and 409 feet of main track, 1 mile 
and 2,420 feet of side track; buildings valued at !?1, 500 a,nd rolling- 
stock at $11,055 within Htark county. 

The Rushville Branch of the Chicago, Rurlington & Quincy rail- 
road brings one back to 1855, Avhen the Jacksonville & Savannali rail- 
road ]n-oject was agitated and the Feoria & Hannibal railroad project 
l)ecame ])retentions. In 1801, James II. Stipp and Judge Henry L. 
Jjryant, the central figures of the two corporations, gave a peri)etual 
lease of the two roads to James F. Joy and E. B. Ward, agents of the 
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, the conditions being that the roads 
would be completed and operated regularlj' by the greater corpora- 
tion. In 1802 the road was completed to Canton, May 2, and to Lew- 
iston in June, 1862, and to Rushville in 1809, and early the same year 
the (|uesti()n of sulisidy was mooted in Valley, Essex, Fenn and Osce- 
ola t()wnslii])s, as I'elated in the several chapters devoted to those 
The l)rancli was then known as the Feoi-ia, Dixon ct Hannibal rail- 
road. Being very liberally subsidized, the builders comjJeted the 
44^ miles — Fuda to Elmwood — in 100 da^'s, and thus defeated the 
efforts of the Rock Island & Feoria people to claim the )>ioneer rail- 
road of the county. Dr. Alfred Castle, an old resident of Wyoming, 
was one of the leading spirits in pushing forward this enter])rise ; and it 
is related that for a time the new road was generally called "The Castle 
Flax-road," the sobriquet of the doctor being "Old Flax." Through 
his influence the depot was placed in the new town, a distance from 
the business center, round which North Wyoming has since grown up. 

The Chicago, Burlington & Quincy railroad is assessed $192,041 
for its 20 miles and 4,892 feet of main'track, 1 mile and 4,624 feet of 
side track, together with buildings valued at $2,721, and rolling-stock 
at $27,ii<;s, nil within Stark county. 

The Havana, Touhm A: Fulton City Railroad Co. was projected in 
1869 and subscriptions asked for. 

In ISSO it was i'e})orted that a branch of the Hannibal A: St. Joe 
raih'oad was to be l)uilt from Quincy to Chicago via Wyoming. At 
this time, also, the Feoria A: Northwestei-n raih'oad project came u]>, 
providing for a route ria Wyoming and Toulon to Dulmque. 

In July, Ls81, ai-ticles of incorporation were filed at Toul<jn by the 
Indiana, Illinois I'v Iowa Raih'oad Co. It prcnnised ;ir third I'aili'oad to 
Stark county, liut tiie scheme did not materialize. A meeting to 


iiist(ii;y of stakk cotnty. 

foster tlie building' of this road was lield at the count\' seat in March, 
1SS2. Jolm M. Brown presided, with A. P. Miller, secretar3\ Smith, 
of Keithsburg, gave the histoi-y of the enterprise, and a committee was 
appointed to solicit subscrijitioiis to tlie ca])ital stook. E. A. I'urge, 
J. H. Miller. Wm. Nowlan, AV. II. Winans, James II. Quinn, Major 
Merriman, Harrison Miner, John O'Neil and Samuel Burge were 
appointed ; but the time was inopportune, and so the project is allowed 
to sleep. 

The Atchison, Santa Fe it Chicago Kailroad ('omi)any, a south- 
western pef)))le are now seeking direct communication with (ihicago. 
Surveycrs have l)een through tliis country, and the prol)ability is that 
within a short time Stark county will have a main line instead of the 
Ijranches which afflict her with their variable time-tables and totid ab- 
sence of a desire to connect their trains for the convenience of the 

The Great Southern A: Canadian I'nderground liailroad. noticed in 
the old settler's cha]iter. has long since passed away. The division of 
Stark witnessed uuuiy a weary slave pass forward on the road to 
Canada and freedom — a criminal in liis own land. 


:\iii,n'AKV nisTuKv. 

HE beginnings of Illinois Territory were nuule in wni\ 
Haniiltun, the liiMtish scal])-l)uyer. his ti'oops and hKban 
allies, were subjected to all those in glorious defeats recorded 
in British as well as American history. In is:i2. Black 
Hawk's Indiiins renewed the war, but were subjected and 
planted lieyond the Mississii))>i. In ]\Iay, rS4(!, 8,370 citi- 
zens of Illinois answered the call for tr()o|)s to serve in the 
wai' against ■Mexico. Of this number, .'i.TSO were accepted, 
forminj'' tlie first si.x regiments of Illinois militia. The vol- 
unteers won signal honors at Passo de Ovegiis, August in, 
IsiT; National Ridge, August 12; Cerro Gordo, August l."); Las Ani- 
mas, August 19; the siege of Puebla. September 1.") to October 12: 
Atli.xico, October lit; Thiscala. November 10 ; ;Mataiiioras and P;iss- 
Gahtjara, November 23 and 24; (4uerrila iiancli, December .'> ; Na])al- 
oncan, December 10, 1S47; at St. Martins. February 17, lS4s ; Cholula. 
March 26; Matacordera, Febiaiary l'.»; SemialteiJan, February b"), 
this division did magnificent service. The affairs of Vera Cruz, C'luir- 
ubusco, Chepultepec and Mexico City will foi'evei' be identified with 
the names of the troops of Illinois', and her citizen-general, James 
Shields. This war ccjst siWi.lioo.noO. and di'Tcnded for tlie Fniou th(> 
Lone Star State. 


The warof lSr)l-r,5 cost the United States about $4,000,000,000, 
ami was the direct cause of the loss of al)out l,()0(),(iO(i of uien to the 
whole countt'v. The manner in which Illinois responded to the call of 
the President, April li, 1801, is told in the following simple record. 
The record of volunteer troops organized within the state, and sent to 
the field, commencing April, 1861, and ending December, 31, 1865, 
with number of regiment, name of original commanding officer, date 
of organization aud muster into United States service, place of muster, 
and the aggregate strength of each or-ga.nization, have been ])repared 
with great care, and forms in itself a concise record of Illinois in the 
war for the Union. It is said that only one organized company was 
given by " the Korth " to the armies of the Confederacy. That coin- 
pan v wks raised in southern Illinois by Captain Thorndyke Brooks. 
He had ninety s])l(>n(lid fellows to share with him his bold enterprise. 

A recapitulation nf the rosters shows : Infantry, ls."),;i-l-l ; Cavalry, 
32,082 ; Artillery. 7.277: or a grand total of 22.i,3tio. 

The actual mimber of enlistments in Illinois from ISGl to 1865 was 
259,14-7, which includes reenlistments in veteran reserve corps, and ordi- 
nary reenlistnients. This number, however, does not indude 20,000 or 30,- 
OOO' citizens of Illinois, found in various branches of the army and 
navv and in the volunteer regiments of other states. The conduct of 
the troops, from the dav they took jiossession of Cairo to the close of 
the war, was one magnificent testimony to the worth of citizen soldiery. 

The War of the lievolution and that of 1812 are connected with 
the history of the county only so far as the names of a few actual par- 
ticipants, and of the sons of revolutionary soldiers are connected with 
the settlement of the county. Among the old soldiers of 1812, present 
at a meeting held at Toulon, November 24, I860, were Sylvester 
Sweet, William Winter. Louis Lasure, Dunn, Jackson, Geoi-ge Hose, 
Jacob Jamison and few others whose names are found in the township 
histories. This meeting was callea just six mouths after the Scotch 
or new Americans of Elmira townshi]) had organized a companj' for 
defense. The writer's research at Hennepin did not bring to light the 
name of more than one pioneer of Stark county, Thomas Essex, con- 
nected with the lUack Hawk sijualJile. Tliere is no doubt, however, 
that many of the men whose names are connected with the history of 
Stark fifty-five years ago, notably those mentioned as jurors in 1831, 
were ready to defend tiieir territory. 

During the Black Hawk War it is related that one of the earl^' 
German settlers of Spoon river precinct remained at home to protect 
his sick wife, after his neighbors had tied. Excitement, however, 
overcame love and duty, and he addressed the invalid thus: " Katrina 
we vas all scallu])ped l>y the Injines, ov I don't go away so quick as 
never vas. I get on my pony and go under der fort. You don't be 
afraid. Dey not hurt yon." Saying this the chivalric settler set off, 
but the wife, driven to desperation, bridled another horse, and reached 
the fort l)efore her lord. 

A reference to the history of the townships and pages devoted to 
biograph}' discloses the fact that a few citizens of Stark served in the 
Mexican War. 


The first war meeting was held at Toulon, April 15, 1861. The 
report of this meeting as published in the Chicago 7'/'i'7M/K(? is as fol- 
lows: "Elihu N. Powell was called to the chair, and James A. Hen- 
derson was appointed Secretary. — Judge Powell on taking the chair, 
brietly stated that the object of the meeting was to consider the pres- 
ent state of the country — to renew our devotion to the glorious insti- 
tution, and to pledge our lives in the maintenance and defence of the 
government and the constitution, and the union as it is. — Honorable 
J. H. Howe, G. A. Clifford, Dr. Wm. Chamljerlain, Thomas J. Hen- 
derson, Levi jN^orth, and Alex. McCoy were successively called upon 
and responded. Resolutions were adopted, one of which reads as fol- 
lows: "That in the present crisis of our country, we will ignore all 
mere party considerations, and uphold the administration in enforcing 
the laws north and south, and in juitting down rebellion wherever it 
may arise. And to that end we invoke the entire power of the govern- 
ment, and we iiereby adopt as our motto those memorable woi'ds 
uttered long since on a similar occasion by a jiatriot now in his grave. 
"Liberty and LTnion now and forever, one and inseparable." 

The first officers of the Home Guards were : Jacob Jamieson, capt.; 
T. J. Henderson, first lieut.; H. M. Hall, second lieut.; George Green, 
third lieut.; G. AVhitaker. orderly. Oliver Whitaker presided at this 
organization May 18, 1861. The Stark county volunteei's organized 
May 19, 1801, Avith David Dewolf. capt.; S. S. Kaysbier, first lieut.; 
Hugh B. Creighton, second lieut.; J. H. Chatldock, first sergt.; Joel 
Dixon, second sergt.; Harry Pierce, thix'd sergt.; Charles E. Shinn, 
fourth sergt.; William Dixon, first corpL; Richard Alderman, second 
corpl.; Jefferson Ellis, third corpl., and A. P. Finley, fourth corpl. 
On June 22, 1861, a meeting was held at Osceola village to ])rovide 
for expenses incurred in fitting out the "Elmii'a Rifies." Like all such 
meetings in this township, tiiis was a success. 

In July, 1861, Dr. Thomas Hall and Davis Lowman were appointed 
a committee to publish in the Stark county A'ews directions for i)re- 
paring bandages and lint. The following ladies were appointed a com- 
mittee for procuring bandages and lint : Elmira — Mrs. E. C. Spencer, 
Miss C. Brace, Mrs. Oliver Smith. Osceola— Mrs. iiark Bhmchard, 
Mrs. R. Chamberlain, Mrs. S. :\L Hill. N'allev— Mrs. J. M. Rogers, 
Mrs. C. A. Fox, Mrs. P. Blood. Toulon— IMrs.'O. Whitaker, Mrs. Dr. 
Chamberlain. Mrs. P. M. Blair. Goshen — Mrs. Jacob Jamison, Mrs. 
J. W. Rogers, Mrs. T. F. Hurd. West Jersey— Mrs. C. M. S. Lyons, 
Mrs. James Hulsizer, Mrs. J. H. Anthonv. Essex — Mrs. J. Dennis, 
Mrs. Wm. F. Thomas, Mrs. Henry Hoist. Penn— ]\[rs. Virgil Pike, 
Mrs. Joim Snare. 

The Soldiers' Relief Circle of Toulon organized November 12, 1S6L 
with Mrs. O. Whitaker, president ; Mrs. O. Gardner, vice-president ; 
Mrs. C. Eastman, treasurer; Miss E. Marvin, secretary; Mrs. P. M. 
i)lair, Mrs. S. S. Kaysbier, Mrs. M. A. Fuller and Miss R. White, com- 
mittee on sujjplies. Mrs. J. Shinn was appointed treasurer in March, 
1862, up to which time $42 were collected. 'The supervisors on June 
1(1, 1861, adopted resolutions for the ap]iointment of a committee to 
disburse niintar\' and relief funds, aiul tliat such funds be raised l)v 


special tax of twenty cents per slOO. Tlie uses s[)eciiie(I were, first, 
for the support of soldiers' families, and secondly, for equipping- and 
uniforming Starlv county soldiers. The first report of tlie committee 
was made in iscii. The a})peal of the Home (4uards, which led to this 
legislation, was signed by G. A. Cliiford, chairman, Jacol) Jamison, T. 
J. Henderson, Oliver "Whitaker, Charles Myers and Amos P. Gill, a 
committee a])pointed liy the guards. The ]\[ilitary Dishui'sing Com- 
juittee of v^tark county, ap})ointed in June, 1S(U, comprised David 
McCance, Davis Lowman and Oliver AVhitakei'. They disbursed $63.5 
to Capt. Stuart's Elmira Eitles of KK") men ; 845(! to ('apt. Dickenson's 
Lafayette Ivities of li> men, and ^i'oi to Capt. Jamieson's Stiirk County 
Rifles of 77 men. To soldiers' families in Toulon township, §76.62 were 
given; in Goshen. !?106.87; in Valley, $12; in Penn, $20.71; in 
Osceola. $9, and in Elmira, $86, or, $311.98 to soldiers' families and 
$1,548 to volunteers from .lune to Decenrber 2, 1861. 

In Feliruary, 18(12, what i)urpoi'ted to be a comjilete list of Stark 
county soldiers who had died up to that date, was ]ini)lished, viz., Rob- 
ert Charles Reed, William ^'. Perry, William Nicholson, Wallace 
Hughes, John A. Perry, all of Company B, Thirty-seventh Infantry ; 
George Comstock, Nineteenth Infantry : George W. Ellis, C. "W. 
Drummond, John Cox (Peoria Artillery), Company K, Forty-seventh 
Infantry ; William II. Packer and Murray Hotchkiss, Thirty-third 
Infantry ; James S. Taylor. Compairy 15, Forty-second Infantry ; James 
T. Marshall, Company D, Forty-seventh Infantry, and Perry Kent, 
Company 11. Forty-seventh Infantry. Sylvester F. Otman was 
ap})ointe(l by the relief committee of Wyoming, in March, 186)2, to 
visit the Forty-seventh Infantry in the field. The relief committee of 
Elmira selected T. J. Henderson to visit the Elmira company in the 
field, in March, 1862. Dr. Piei'ce, rejiresenting the Toulon Aid Society, 
visited the troops in the field in !March, 18t)2. 

The officers of the Wyoming Soldiei's Relief Society in April, 1862, 
were Mi's. M. A. Hoist, president ; i\[rs. A. G. Hammond, secretary ; 
Miss Lucy Butler, treasurer. The committee on collections com]n'ised 
^^adams Isaac Thomas, B F. Foster, AV. B. Armstrong, P. Pettit, 
Mary P.utler, J. Wrigley, J. B. Lashels and J. Matthews. S. F. Otinan 
is mentioned as an aitl of the ladies committee. On June .3, 1863, a 
meeting was held in the Pi'esl)yterian church, Elmira, with a view of 
helping along the objects of the Soldiers' Aid Society. $151 in cash, 
a firkin of l^utter, five barrels of potatf)es, together with other supplies 
were subscribed. In Osceola village $90 was sul)scribed, making $23.") 
for the township under this call. On July 8, 1863, the fall of Vicks- 
liurg was celebrated throughout the county. A company called the 
"Bloody Marines" brought out the gun and fired a salute. Some 
days Iwfore this, after the battle of Gettysljurg, the L'nion flag was 
hoisted on the court house. The Women's Loyal League of Penn 
township, was organized July 27, 1863, with forty members, ilrs. J. 
M. Ricker presided, with Mrs. S. S. Sockwell secretary. In August 
1862, Provost-Marshal White visited Bradford to arrest two young men 
named Terwilliger, on the charge of desertion. The father tried to 
aid in the escape of the boys. White learned the game and cautioned 


the old gentleman against repeating it, and told him tliat should lie 
not place the young men in custody within two days, himself would 
be arrested. The delivery was not made and the marshal revisited 
Bradford and asked the old gentleman to come along under arrest, but 
he responded that he should not go unless he went dead. " As you 
prefer about tliat," said the marshal, "but I thiidv you better go alive." 
The old man tlien attacked him with the liny fork, hut White pushed 
the ■weapon aside and hit the prisoner on the head witii a heavy cane, 
cutting a deep wound. Terwilliger surrendereil. Avas taken to Dr. 
Little's and patched i;p, but was not imjjrisoned at that time. 

Lieut. C. W. Brown, of the One-hundred-and-twelfth Illinois In- 
fantry, with Sergeants William Doyle, John Lane and Henry Gi-aves. 
opened a recruiting station in the Ilolst building, at Wyoming, in Jan- 
nary, 18G-i. Oliver White, recruiting agent for Stark county, made a 
call on the county to furnish its quota in February, 18*14. His address 
contains the following ])aragraph : " Fathers ami mothers enconi'age 
your sons to rally once moi"e around the old flag, and the day is ours 
almost without a struggle, for the IJind giant of reljellion ali'eady reels 
and falters. The work of finishing his troubled existence will l)e sliarj) 
and short. The enormous government l)Ounties — $302 for new recruits 
and §-102 for veterans — are still offered. * * * * * Board 
and transportation furnished to recruits for any Illinois regiment in 
the field." Jacob Galley, of Toulon, was killed at Franklin, Tenn., in 
18G4, wdiile holding the flag. His body was brought here and interred. 
S|)ringor Galley was wounded there, and Wright Oziah was reported 

The number of men to be di-afted in the county in August, 18f)4-, 
was 154, divided as follows : Toulon and ICssex, 84 ; Elmira and Osce- 
ola, 30; Valley and Penn, 53; Goshen and West Jersey, 31. J. W. 
Hewitt was president and T. Bacmeister secretary of tlie Toulon and 
Essex Draft Association in 1864. 

The county central aid committee received in Septeml)er, 1864, §146 
from Osceola and sl9 from Elmira. The Osceola snbscri]ition com- 
prised §47 through Mrs. Kiley f'iiamberlaiii, §78.85 tlirougli the Brad- 
ford soldiers' aid society, §14.75 from individuals at Bradford, and §6 
from Lodge 131, I. O. G. T. Alfred Foster, Mrs. Hiley Chamberlain 
and Mrs. Dr. Little formed tlie committee in Osceola. At this time 
W. II. Butler raised §27 in Essex. 

On August 24, 1864, Rex. 11. C. Dunn delivered his celeVn'ated 
funeral discourse in the IMethodist church at Toulon. After noticing 
the organization of the One-hundred and-twelfth Regiment he savs: 
" Of these have been killed: W. W. Wright, its Captain ; ^Y. P. Finley, 
its second Lieutenant; William C. Bell, Aaron Pidle, John Kendall, 
Olaus Fors, Elmore Barnhill, J. II. Lane, A. G. Pike, E. M. Dewev, G. 
W. Pthodes, John W. AVhitten, and Henry C. Hall — 14. Died of dis- 
ease: E. C. Westfall, J. L. Adams, William Creighton, George Miller, 
J. D. Madden, John F. Xegus, G. W. Oziah — 7. Homer Leeke, re- 
cruit, died on his waj' to the regiment. Thomas F. White was drowned 
in Clinch river. Two have been discharged on account of wounds, K. 
Crabtree and J. F. Ehodes. Four are prisoners, Edwin Butler, Z. H. 



Newton, .I<isi'])li IIf)])i)()ck :iiul .1. II. Jlui'wiek. Five have Imh-ii <lis- 
charoed on acuoniit of dist^ase. A large munber iiave hoen wouiidod. 
* "" * "••" * On tlie sixth of the present month an order was 
o-iven to charge a ])ai't of the enemy's works l)efore Atlanta. Tiie ill 
advised attempt had to lie abandoned; and there fell on that day five 
nolde men, James Essex, John II. I.ane. Andrew G. Pike. (Teorge W. 
Rhodes, and Kobei-t Dewey. They were lovely and pleasant in their 
lives, and in their death tlun- were not divided. On the following day 
John W. Whitten was killed. These deaths have called this large as- 
semblage together today." The last named was the son of Theodore 
AVhitten, of West Jersey; -James Essex was the son of Joseph Essex, 
of Penn township; .losejih Lane was born in kSomerset comity, IVew 
Jersev, Jnlv iT, 18?)<i; Andrew G. Pike, born in Pennsylvania in Jan- 
nary," 183ri. came to this connty with his pai'ents the following wintei'; 
George AV. Rhodes, like Sergeant Pike, was an only son, born to Airs. 
N. A\ . Rhodes at Nauvoo, III., November 0, 1843;" Roliert M. Dewey 
was born at Canaan, New II;im]>shire, May 31, lS3fi. came with his 
father to Illinois in 18.")0, and settled liere in 1851. 

The following rejtort was made to the supervisoi's' board in Sejitem- 
ber, 18t>4, by Allies A. Fnller : The undersigned, having at the solicita- 
tion of })ersons interested therein, visited S|n'ingfield for the jiurpose 
of ascertaining the quota of Stark County in the coming draft, and 
also to ascertain whether any mistakes have been made in the credits 
for men from this connty who have volunteered into the military ser- 
vice of the United States, would make the following report : 

"The whole number of men required to till all calls to the ])resent 
time is QlU; whole number of credits u]i to Octoljer 1st, 18(13, was (!8'.t ; 
from October 1st, 18()3, to September, 1864, is 121; and total credits, 
810; total deficit of county, 154. Of this numlier there is due from the 
several sub-districts of this county as follows: Sub-district 72, Essex 
and T(ndon, 34; 73, Elmira and Osceola, 36; 74, A^'alley and Penn, 53; 
and 75, Goshen and AVest Jersey, 31. 

" The undersigned would further report the credits allowed u]) to 
October 1st, 1S()3, are distriiiuted among the diiferent regiments of this 
state, as follows, to wit: Pith Regiment Illinois Infantrv, 1 ; 16tli, 1 ; 
17tli, 2 ; 10th. 107 : 33d, lit ; 37th, 58 ; 38th, 1 ; 46tb, 6 ; 47tli, 81 ; 51st, 
10; 56th. 2; 57th, 5; 64th, 1; 6.5th. 39; 67th, 1; 83d, 1; S6th, 22 ; 
93d. 9: 112th, 268; 124th, 4; 127th, 5; Fusileers, 1; 3d, Cavalrv, 6; 
9th, 16; 11th, 2; 13th, 1; 14th, 2; 1st Artillery. 4; 2d, 9; Missouri 
regiments, 5 — 685. Credits allowed from October 1st, 1863, to July 
1st, 1864, one hundred and twenty-one men. I was unable in my brief 
stay to ascertain in what regiments these last named have enlisted. 

"About one hundred men (estimatetl) residents of tins county, have 
enlisted in different regiments and have been credited to other counties. 
This has resulted from several causes : Sometimes from carelessness on 
the part of the men (Milisting in not giving their residence, and perhaps 
on the pai't of recruiting othcers, who were desirous to obtain credits 
for their own counties, and sometimes from misrepresentation on the 
]iart of the men enlisting in order to oi)tain tiie local bounties otfereil 
by other counties. I was informed by Adjutant General Fuller that 

204 rilSTOKY (IK STAKK CiinXTy. 

in every nise the iiieii were civdited to tlie counties wliere thevactiuillv 
I'esided at tiie time of tlieir enlistment wiienever tliiit could be ascer- 
tained; and from such examinations as I was able to make while there, 
I am satislied that his statement is correct, and tliat no pains liave lieen 
s])ared by him to do justice to every county. 

•' For instance, I was acquainted with several men in the T2d and ."iStli 
regiments in which we have no credits, and on an examiiuition of the 
muster-rolls of s:iid regiments I found Robert Holmes. Scepter Hard- 
ing, Darsie Heath, .lacol) (xalley and Jasper JMorris reported from Chi- 
cago, and Miles Avery from Cook county, and Lester Coggswell. Joseph 
('. Iliner and George W. Eckley from Bushnell, McDonough countv, 
and George Witter, without any residence given. So of other regi- 
ments. Our men have enlisted and are credited toother counties in 
consequence of the errors of the muster roll. 

■'My thaidvs are due to General Fuller. ;ind to lion. Newton Eate- 
man of the Provost MarshaTs office, who extended to me every cour- 
tesy and gave me all the assistance in their power. 

" I would recommend to the l)oard that some time during the coming 
winter, when the present press of business at the Adjutant (ienei-ars 
office shall be past, that an agent be sent to examine the records and 
get the names of ail ])ersons who have enlisted from this countv. * * "'■' 
Let a roll of honor be kept. 

"All of which is respectfully submitteil. Milks A. Fullkk." 

In March, 18(i.5,P. et J. Nowlan, onbehalf of the Ladies' Aid Society 
of Toulon, mailed to Thos. 11. Bryan at Chicago the sum of $."i2 as a 
donation to the Soldier's Ilomerfrom the supper and sociable committee. 
The semi-annual report of Mrs. S. A. Dunn, treasui'er of the Toulon Sol- 
diers' Aid Society, made March l(i, 1S<;.5, shows that on Sept. I'J.she re- 
ceived from former treasurer, $27.22 ; on Oct. 10, $.34..50 proceeds of 
concert; Oct. IS, $331.05, proceeds of fair; Dec. 1, moneys collected by 
Mrs. Copperthwaite, S4..")5, and fines and membershi]).s, $1.17, total, 
$398.20, of which $2!tl.07 was disposed of. 

In March, 18f!.5, the (juota called for was 239. Osceola was unfilled 
for 15, its (|Uota ; Valley for 33, its quota; nnd Penn for 5, or 5-26 of 
its (juota. Elmira owed 9 out of 3(i, Toulon was filled and the other 
towns owed 1 recruit eacli. 

On April 3, 1805, the 112tli liegiment assembled at Paleigh, N. C. 
and adopted six resolutions expi'essive of sym])athy with the Union, and 
Mr. Lincoln's family. These were signed by K. S. Hoiul. Lieut. -Col., 
and 15. F. Thompson, secretary. 

In May, 18«;5, the following named drafted men from Stark county 
were reported among the deserters : Cliarles Ilampson, John AVren, 
Harvey Iladding, Pen. Howes, AVm. Barnhill, David H. McLaury, 
Amos Cornish, Robert Evans, Thomas Shockmey, Patrick Tobin, Ed- 
mund Martin and Henry Fitzpatrick. The two men drafted and held 
to service, whr) sul)se([uent]y deserted, were David Fry and Chester "W. 

In August 18()0, P. M. Blair, circuit clerk. o[)ened a I'ecord of soldiers 
for the county. 

On December, ISfio, a committee of soldiers, com]irising P. M. Blaii', 

^rir.irARv iiis-riii;v. 205 

fl. (t. Armstrong and W. W. AVriglit. t-alled a meeting to oi'ganizc I lie 
Soldiers" Monument Societv. 

The Stark County Soldiers" ^Monument Association was organized 
at Toulon, October 8], 1807. with tiie following niembei's: J. C\ 
Copestake, 11. J. Dickenson. 11. Fell. Andrew Gallii'aith, S. K. Conovei', 
ilarshall Winn, il. D. Bloomer. I. Cinnamon, D. Jackson. T. ^lurrav, 
AV. Jackson. J. M. P.rown, J. Kerns. P. M Blair, (t. Ilulsizer. AV. 
Lownian. J. Ilolgate. J. TurnbuU, M. JManchard, C. Stuart, B. F. 
Thompson. C. AV. Brown. C. A. Fox and Lewis Perry. The articles 
wei'e countersigned by J. C. Copestake, C. D. of Stark G. A. R., and 
J. M. Brown, A. A. A. G. In 1885 an association was orgaiiizetl in 
this district to erect a monument to Grant at Springfield. James 11. 
Miller represented Stark county. 

On May 2."), isd."), the first meeting was held to rejoice upon the 
return of peace. Meetings were held weekly until the great celebra- 
tion of Jul\' 4, 1865, which closed the festive season. The officers in 
charge were: M. A. Fuller, ])resident; P. IVI. Blair, secretary; E. 
Itansom, R. C. Dunn, Oliver AVhitaker. AVilliani Lowman. Jas. A. 
Henderson, executive committee; AVm. Lowman. A. J. AVriglit, AVar- 
ren AVilliams. V. 15. Thornton. C. M. S. Lvon. on grounds; X. P. 
Cross. X. Langford, AVells AVhite. on Hags; L). .1. AYalker. B. (i. Hall. 
N. J. Smith, on music; Jas. A. Henderson, Henry Butler, H. M. Hall. 
II. C. Dunn. X. G. Hammond, Mrs. S. A. Chamberlain, Mrs. .M. A. 
Fuller, Mrs. Jas. A. Henderson, i\[rs. E. H. Shallenberger, Miss E. S. 
Tilden, on toasts; Oliver AVhite. Capt. J. M. Brown. Samuel Burge, 
(Jhas. R. Perry, Benj. Follett. Misses M. L. Mercer, Stella 1). Rhodes. 
Del! Whitaker. E. S'Tilden, Fidii> Curtis, on decorations; Wells AVIiite. 
Lewis AVilliams, 11. M. Hall. Oliver AVhite. AVm. O. Johnson, on fire 
works ; A. J. AVhitaker. Ruben Rounds. AV. T. Hall, on arms and amu- 
nition, and Chas. R. Perry, A. J. AVhitaker, Jas. Xowlan. a committee 
to arrange with young ladies to rejiresent the states. 


Seventh Infantry was mustered in at Camp Yates. April 25. ]8()1. 
served at Alton, St. Louis. Cairo and Mound City, during its three 
months. The command was reoroanized July 25. 18t!l, entered on ser- 
vice in Mi-ssouri, and thence witli the Twenty-eighth Regiment and 
]\[cAllisters"s Battery to Fort Holt, Ky. In i8(i2 participated in the 
affair at Fort Donelsou. Pittsburgh Landing. Shiloh. Corinth, and 
other battles in ^lissouri. In A]iril. ISO;], the command marched 
under (-i-eneral Dodge, through luka to South Florence, where the 
Nintii Illinois Mounted Infantry reinforced it. In May and June, 
served in Tennessee, and continued weekly meetings with the rebels 
until the close of the war. The Seventh veteranized December 22. 
1863., and was niustered out July !>. 18<;5, at Louisville, Ky. In Com- 
pany B of this command wei'e the following named otticers and ])ri- 
vates, all enlisting in 1865 : 

Captain — Hugh .1. Cosgrove. First Lieutenant — George H. 
Martin. Sergeants — Andrew .\elson; Isaiah A". Bates. Corporals — 
Alexander Ileadley ; Henry Stauffer. Privates — Enlisted February 

20n HISTORY OF s-i'ai;k COrXTV. 

isd.") — Jiicol) IJogai'd, Oliver lio^ys, Patrick I^iiillien (deserted), I[(>ni'v 
JI. Witciier, William Zumwalt, A\'illis liiii'gcss, Henry 11. JJallentiiie, 
Silas Chap])el, Thos. Dawson, John Dawson, Henry Duckworth, .lolni 
L. Foulk, Will. W. Isenherg, James J.. Jarinan, George JI. Martin, 
John Otto, Franklin Pratt, John IJoiise, IJenry Eoiise, Mason Stautt'er, 
AVilliaiii Shipley, P><lward II. Trickle, Thomas II. Crowe, John (laivin, 
John Martin, (died at Louisville, June 21, ISO.-)), Timothy Katclitt', 
Stephen Timmons, Jotiuuii K. Taylor (promoted), I)a\id AVIiite. l!en^ 
jamin Witter, and Jasper (Ti-aves. 

Eleventii Infantry was organized at Springtield, and mustered in 
April ;^)0, 1801. for tiiree months. On July 30. the command was 
mustered out, hut reenlisted for three years. Many severe hattles 
mark th(> history of the Eleventh, down to the attack on Fort Donel- 
son, in Fehraary, 18<'>2, loosing heavily there. At Shiloh, ( 'orinth, and 
on other well-fought fields the command was jiresent until January, 
1863, when the JS'orthern Mississippi campaign was entered on. In 
February, 18H3, the regiment was assigned to the Seventeenth Army 
Cordis, and in A]iril, 589 men of the One-hundred-and-ninth Ilegimeilt 
was merged int(j the Eleventh, and proceeded to take ])art in the siege 
of Yicksburg. From the fall of Yicksburg to the muster out at Ba- 
ton liouge, Ala.. July li, 18*i5, the comniand was in active service. 
Among the memliers was Henry Speers. ( '(impaiiy C. a recruit of ls(n>. 
transferred to -IGth Infantry. 

Twelfth Infantry (3 years) was mustered in August 1, 1861, served 
at Cairo. 111., Bird's Point, Mo., and Paducah and Smithland. Ivy., up 
to Februaiw, 18r(2. when the coniuumd moved on Foi't Henry. At 
Donelson 16 men were killed and 58 wounded. At Pittsburgh 
Landing K (9 were killed and wounded. At Corinth, IT killed and 8(t 
wounded, and so on to the end at Alatoona Pass, where 57 were killed 
or wounded. The comniand shared in Sherman's marcli to the sea, 
and returning was mustered out at Louisville. Ky.. July 16, 1865, 
Tlioiiias Carroll of Providence, enlisted in ("DUipanv 11, in 1861. Avas 
woundeil and discharged in August, 1S(;2. 

Fourteenth Infantry was mustered in, May 25, 18<11. at Jackson- 
ville, 111.; served in ^tissouri until the beginning of wintei', cam})ed at 
Otterville until February, 1862, when it moved to Fort Donelson. Its 
first battle was Api'il ii and 7, round Shiloh. where it lost half its 
strength. After the evacuation of Corinth, the command jiroceeded 
to Tennessee. In 1863 and 1864, it participated in many battles, no- 
tablj^ Vicksburg, and served with gi'eat distinction until mustered out 
at Fort Leavenworth. September 16, 1865. In tlie reorganized com- 
mand. Company C, were the following named recruits of February, 
1865 : 

Michael Casey, Thomas Doyle (deserted), James Maloney (de- 
serted), Frank Williamson. In Comjiany E, were Thomas J. IMarshall 
(deserted), John Norris (deserted). In Com])any G, were Livingston 
Sharrach. In Company 11, ^^'i>i^ Corjioi'al Samuel a Patten. 

Sixteenth Infantry was mustered in at (^uincy. 111., May 24, 18(!1, 
served in Missouri until April 7, 18t)2, wlien with the Tenth Illinois In- 
fantry, the command pursued the rebels across the Mississippi, and cap- 


tiired r),000 inei\ witli ai-ins, etc, at Tiptonville, Tenii. It was present 
at Corintli. and in active service until July s, ISdo, when mustered out 
at Louisville. In Company A, was George W. Leigliton, Penn, re- 
cruited Feln-uary, ISfJ-t; in Company G, Lemuel G. Marsh, Penn ; IJeu- 
hen Crook, enlisted jVlay, isiil, veteranized in Company A. 

Seventeenth Infantry, nmstered in at Peoria, in May, ISOl. with 
1,259, served in Missouri until ordered to Fort Donelson in Februai'v, 
lSt)2, ])artici]Kited in that battle with heavy loss, also at Shiloh, with 
heavier loss, next at Corinth, then at luka, Ilatchie, and in Deceiuher, 
18t^2, at Holly Springs. In ISH;! shared in the siege of ^'i(.■ksl)Ul■g, and 
remained in that neighborhood until may. 1864, when on explication of 
service, that command was discharged. The few i-ei'idisted veterans of 
the Seventeenth entei'ed the Eight Infantr\', and served with thatcom- 
uiand until A))im1, ISIUi. In Company D were Thomas B. Bonar and 
David W. Snyder, of Lafayette, enlisted May. ISfiL 

Eighteenth Infantry was nmstered in at Anna, 111. May 2S, ISfil; 
sei'ved in Missouri and i-ound Cairct, until ordered to Fort .lefferson in 
Januar\', 18*12. At Fort Donelson the comnumd lost .!>(> killed ami 
150 wounded; at Shiloh lo killed ami 65 wounded. In April, 1865, the 
regiment comprised Companies 15 and C, veterans; Company A, three 
years' recruits and seven companies of one year men. From December, 
1863, to the close the command may be said to have been engaged in 
Arkansas, where it was mustered out at Little Pock, Decend^er 16. 
1865. The Stark county rejiresentation in Comi)any 1"' were Chailes 
McGlaughlin and John Madtlen, of Essex, eidisted and deserted JMarch 
1865; John P. Smith; George W. Bowei-s. of Lafavette, enlisted 
in 1865. 

Nineteenth Infantry was organized in ls(!l undei' Col. John I!. 
Turchin, and musto'ed in June, 1861, 1,<I',>5 strong. In Companies P, 
('and I) of this command Stark county was well represented. Com- 
})any 15, or the " Elmira Pities," was tlie tii'st company to le;,ve this 
county f(ji' the field, and, with the command, sei'ved to the close of the 
war. The regimental colors are inscribed with the names of almost all 
the well-fought fields, the history of which tell of a Union preserved. 
The record of Stark county soldiei-s in the Nineteenth Pegiment is as 
follows : 

Company P. "Elnnra PiHes." Captains — ("has. Stuart, enlisted 
July oO, isCil, resigned July 15. \s(\-2. Alexander Murchison, jr., ])ro- 
moted July 15, I8<i2. Fii'st Lieutenants — Stephen AV. Hill, July 30, 
lS(iJ, resigned November 2!t, 1861. Alexander Murchison, jr.. Novem- 
lier Mu, 1861, William Jackson, July 15, 1S(;2. Second Lieutenants — 
Alex. ]\[urchison, ji'., July ;50, 1861. AVm. Jacks(m. Xovendwr ."'.n. 
1S61. John II. Hunter, July 15, 1S6l'. Died January '.». 1 sC,;!. Jolm 
T. Thornton, commissioned .lanuary It. 186:',. 

The non-comnussioned ami pi'ivates in this company, were, First 
Sergeant — Dr. John S. Pashley, June, 1861. Sergeants — William 
Jackson, June 17,1861. James (L Poardnnm, June 17, 1861. James 
IMontooth, June 17, 18(U, discharged for disai)ility, March 13, 1862. 

(^'orporals — James Jackson, June, 1861. Killed near Dalton, (/Ja., 
Febi'uary, 23, 1861. Charles IL ]>i-ace. June. Is61. dischai'o-ed for dis- 


ability, liubert A. Turnbull, June, 1S61. Joseph Blancluird, June, 
1861, reduced. John G. Lamjier, June, ISfU; discharged for disability. 
Thomas Rol>ini?on, June, 18(!1; (bscliarged February, 1863; wountled. 
Joliii T. Thornton. June, 18(11. (Jeorge B. Iluteliinson, June, ISGl, 
disciiiirged Xovenil)er, 18G1, for disability. 

Musicians — Isaiidi ^^ Bates and Isaac M. Speneer. June, 1801. 

Wagoner — Jolm Douglas, eidisted June, 1862. 

rrivates — Enlisted June, 1861 — James Atherton. John Q. Adams, 
David W. Aldrich (discluirged), David Allen, p^'rederick P. Bloom, Jolm 
Bui'ke (discharged), Cluirles Blackwell (wounded; died at Chattanooga, 
October U, 1863). Henry Burrows (died at Louisville. April 0, 1862), l^em- 
uel D. Bullis (discharged .Marcii, 186:3), Walter Clark (transferred to Vet- 
eran Reserve Corps). James Cinnamon, Julius A. Case, William A. Cade, 
DeFoi-est Chaudjerlain, lA-onard C. Drawyer. Henry Drury, Cliester P. 
Harsii (corporal, died at Murfreesboro, April 11. 1863, William Ingles 
(died at Nasliville. October 31. 1862.). Edward jM. Jordan (sergeant, died 
at ('iuittanooga. October 5, 1863). John L. Kennedy. Eober't T. 8cott, 
'i'lionnis 'l'urnl)uil (discharged for wounds), Henry 15. Worth, John Black- 
Ijurn (discluirged bir disability; died in Henry County in 1882), George 
Dugan (dischaged for wouiuls). PJiilip S. Galley (transferred to Veteran 
IJeserve Corps, January i."), 1864), Springer Galley, William Johnson, Wni. 
II. Newcomer (dischai'ged for disability), George H. Stone, Isaac Ban- 
nister (discharged for disability). Henry E. Davison (discharged), Aaron 
T. Courier (dischai-ged for disability). Owen Carlin (died at Nashville, 
October 31, 1862), Francis Crowden, (ieorge Crowden (discharged for disa- U^ 
bility), Jason G. Duncan (discharged for disability), Wm. Douglas. Edward 
F^rvin (wounded at Dalton, Ga., Feln-uary. 18(i4), Adam G. Fell (dis- 
cluirged to reenlist), AVilJiani II. Flemming (dischai'ged for disability), 
Charles (Treentield (wounded and discluirged), Keui)en Gardiner (dis- 
charged, disability), AVesley Hall, James Iluckins, Alfred S. Ilurment 
(disability), Ernold Kenipion, Isaac Kenyon (killed at Stone Iliver), 
Alonzo Luce. Charles X. Leeson (killed at Stone Iliver, December 31, 
1862), John M Lauiper, James ]\[erril, Samuel Montooth, Joseph C. 
^leigs, Daniel J. iloon. Comfort Morgan, Columbus Morgan (died at 
^[urfreesl)oro, Januaiy 7,1863; wounds), Cornelius Morg'iin (died at 
Pilot Knob, Misscniri," (September 15, 1861), George Miller, John Mc- 
Sherry, William N. Nelson, Joseph N. Park, Geoi'ge N. Ryerson 
(killed at Stone Eiver, January 2, 18ti3), George P. Richer, George T. 
Shari'er (wounded at Stone River, December 31, 1SG2), Henry C. Shull 
(discluirged July S, 1862), John (). Spaulding, Elijah N. Terwilliger 
(Company D), Albert Terwilliger (Company D), Amos Vinson (V. R. 
C.), Lewis AVilliams, Joini Webber, Edwin' D. Way (discliarged for 
disability, July, 1862), James O. Imes (killed at Stone River, Decem- 
ber 31, "lS62)." The recruits of 1S61 and 1862 were: Urban Coon, 
Lewis Corsan (discharged for disability, September, 1861), Asa Clai'k 
(discliarged to I'eeiilist), (ieorge Comstock (died at Louisville. October 
2U, is(il). Leonard I>. Henderson, Willaril Jordan (killed at Cliicka- 
manga, September 2n, 1S63). Madison Linsley (missing), Joseph ]\L 
Leacox (\'. R. C.). Jolm MeConciiie, James Cl. Turnbull (transferi'ed 
H. (i. lltli A. ('.). Adrian Coon (deserted), Frank Horrigan (killed at 
Pulaski, Teun.. May 2. 1S62), Wdlinm Imes (killed at Reynold's Sta- 

MIl.nAItY IllSTDKV. 209 

tion, August 27. lS(!-2), John Inies, Martin Inies (prouioted), Kobert 
Fell (discharged to rei'Milist), Tlioauis W. Oziah (transferred to 11. Q. 
1-lrth A. C), Fred II. AViiitMker, David Jackson (transferred to IL Q. 
1-tth A. C). 

Company (' recruits were: James Atherton (discluirged for disa- 
bility), Wesley Hail (veteranized). Jolin ^McSJierry, June. ISGl ; and 
Company D recruits: Elijah AV. Terwilligei' and Albert TerwiUiger, 
enlisted in June. 1S(!1 (deserted). 

Tiie organization of tlie Niueteentli Illinois ^'eteran N'olunteer 
association took place August 22, ISTlt, near Aurora, (.'ol. Uaffen was 
elected president; Lieut.-Col. William Jackson and Tiionias l.a.wler, 
vice-presidents; James Stewart, secretary, and Joim Ste})liens, treas- 
urer. From 1880 to the present, reunions of this association iiave been 
iield. Company B, Nineteentii Illinois Infantry Veteran club, held its 
annual reunion. October 11, 188:3. Dr. James G. Boai'dman was 
elected president; Chai'les Stuart, of Osceola, vice-president; Lieut. 
William Jackson, of Eluiira. secretary and treasurer. Capt. C. Stuart 
and I. M. Spencei', of Osceola; Capt. A. Murchison and Thomas Rob- 
inson, of Kewanee, and James Montooth, of Modena, were elected 
members of executive committee. Like the regimental association, 
that of Company B is perfect in organization, as its meetings are 
alwavs numbered among the most pleasant. liap])v military gatherings. 

Twentieth Infantry, organized at Joliet. was nmstered in June 1:5, 
18(>1; had hrst engagement with Jeif. Thompson's rebels. October 
20th, near Fredericktown. In January, 1802. the command accom- 
panied Grant thnaigh Kentucky; in February engaged at Fort Donel- 
son; in April, at Shiloh ; at Britton's Lane, on Septeml>er 1st, and so 
on, through Jackson, Holly Springs. Tallahatchie, to the muster out at 
Chicago, July li), 1805. The suljstitutes and drafted men from Stark 
county, in this commantl. wei-e, in Comjmny B — William Border, 
Zelotas Kendall, of Goshen, enlisted September 30, 1S('>4. Company 
I) — William Keeper (drafted), Calvin Vulgauiot (drafted). September. 
1804. Company E — James Farrell. January, 186.5; Philip (/iraves, 
Edward Quish, October. 18<')4; Finley C. McClellan, Heruuin Shrader, 
Valley, September. 1804. Company F — Thomas Gi'aves, Septemljer, 
18()4.' Company I — Michael Flinn. January. 18(;.") ; AVilliani II. Little 
(drafted). West Jersey, Septeud)er. 18tl4. 

Twentv-fourtli Infantry was mustered in at Chicago, .luly >i. isiil ; 
sei'veil in Illinois, Missouri and Ohio until moved to Kentucky in Sep- 
tember. In Kentucky and T(^nnessee the command was fortunate in 
striking terror into rebel hearts. From April, 1802. to muster out in 
July, 180)."), the regiment participated in several engagements, losing, 
near Perryville, on ()cto])er S, 1802, lid in killed, woundetl and miss- 
ing. Jerome B. 'i'lKjuias, of Wyoming, enlisted iit Kewanee, and com- 
missioned Hrst-assistant surgeon. March :'.. 1802. 

Twenty -eighth Infantry was organized at Camp Butler in August, 
isfil; served at Fort Holt, Ky.. until January, 1S(')2; in February 
participated in the ca})tiire of L'orts Henry and lleiinau ; at Bittsbuig 
Landing in March ; at Beach Orchard in April ; at Corinth in May ; 
lost niuetv-seven killed at i^Ll,tamora in (October. 1802 ; at \'icksburi;' 


in June and .Inly. 18(13; lost seventy-three killed at Jackson in July, 
lS(i3; rei'nlisted as a veteran regiment, January 4th; consolidated into 
four companies, October 10, 18*!4; lost fourteen killed at Spanisii Fort, 
Fel)ruary 27, 18(15. Comjtanies (t, II, I, andX, from ("am]) IJutler, 
joined the command in Ajn'il, 18tlo; in July moved to Texas, and 
served there until peace was restored. In this command the following- 
named Stark county soldiers served : In Company E — James C. Hall 
and John Waldron enlisted Feljruary, 18G4, both from Penn. C^om- 
])any F — Edress M. Conklin, October, 18(14, (substitute). Company 
Iv — James M. Paden, Toulon, September. 1801; George A. Arm- 
sti-oiig, Elmii'a, and Jeremiali Fei-guson. (-roshen, enlisted 5larch, 18(15. 
Thirty-third Infantry was mustered in at Camp l>utler in August, 
18'Jl, l(J6o strong. The command served in Missouri and Arkansas 
until the spring of 18(13, Company A checking a charge of 2000 Texan 
Hangers at Cotton Plank. On moving to Louisiana, it participated in 
the liattles of Fort (Til>son, Champion Hills, Black Eiver bridge; siege 
of Jackson and Yicksburg; moved to New Orleans in August with 
Thiiteenth Corps; in Octoi)er joined tiie Bayou Teche campaign; 
afterward aided in the capture of Foi-t Esperanza ; moved thence to 
Fort Lavaca. The command veteranized March 14, 1864; returned 
on furlough to Bloomington; reorganized at Camp Butler in April, 

1864, and in May proceeded to Brasiiear, La.; the non-veterans re- 
turned via New York city, in September, with ])risoners, leaving the 
veterans to share the glory of closing the cam])aign. From ;^farcll 
until April, 1865, this command was before j\Iol)ile; then moved to 
Montgomery ; thence to Yicksburg, and mustered out November 24, 

1865. In Company B of this regiment were the following named 
soldiers from this county: Captains — C. Judson Gill, January 23, 
1863, resigned September 23, 1863; Nelson G. Gill, Sei)tember 23, 
1863. First lieutenants — C. Judson Gill, September, 1861; Nelson 
(t. Gill, January, 1863. Second lieutenants — Nelson (4. Gill, Sep- 
tember, 1862; Newton (t. I!. Brown, August, 1865, veteranizetl and 
promoted to first lieutenant. First sergeant — Nelson G. Gill, August, 
1861.. Cor])oral — AValter T. Hall, August, 1861, ])romoted. Privates, 
wlio enlisted August 20, 1861, were Jessie Armstrong, "William I'iggs 
(veteranized), George Dewey, George Fezler, Charles Green (trans- 
ferred to band), ]\[uiTay Ilotchkiss (dieil at St. Louis, December 20, 
18'al), Edward II. Ingraham ('veteranized), Ciiarles S. Johnson (died at 
Ironton. ]\Io., February 6, 1803), (ieorge Lowman (transferred to 
band), AYilliam J. W. SLayo (veteranized), Andrew McKee (died at 
Pocaliontas, Ark., May 3* 1862), Charles SliiTin (veteranized), Lewis 
Thomas (discharged for disal)ility, December, 1862), Newton G. B. 
lirown (veteranizetl), Daniel Donovan (veteranized), and Harrison W. 
Ellis. The recruits of 1864-5 wei'e Calvin Butler, Otis T. Dyer, Levi 
T. Ellis, Walter A. Fell (see One-hundred-and-twenty -fourth Illinois). 
Hugh \. (Godfrey, iVIvin Galley (see One-huntlred-and-twenty-fourth 
Illinois), Charles C. Ilotchkiss, Thomas "\Y. Rule (see OneJiundred-and- 
twenty-fourth Illinois), Sanford Strowbridge (su])])osed died A[>ril 1(», 
1865, "of wounds) John II. .Stickney, Andrew Turnbull. In the regi- 
mental band wei'e Chai'les Green and Ge(jrge A. Lowman. of Toulon ; 


and in ('oin]iany K — John Peterson (veteranized), Adam Rush (dis- 
ciiarged for disal)ility) : both enlisted in December, 1S61. 

Thirty-fourth Infantry organized in 1S<U ; mustered out in 1804, 
and veteranized. Ilekl two representatives from Stark county — James 
llall and John Waldron, of Penn township. 

Thirty-seventh Infantry was organized at Chicago in September, 
isdl, witii ten companies of infantry and two of cavahy. In -lanu- 
ary, lsti2, tlie command was present at Pea Pidge; in Se})tember, at 
Xewtonia; in October, at Fayetteville; subse(piently relieved General 
lilunt, and cam])ed at Prairie Grove, Ark., after tramping 2,250 miles. 
The command was mustered out in May, 1866. This command lield 
a number of Goshenites, who enlisted August 19, 1861. In Com])any 
B, of this regiment, the following named soldiers served: Ca])tain — 
Charles X. Dickinson, August lit, 1861. First-lieutenant — Cassimir P. 
.lacksou, August 11>, 1861. resigned July 0, 1862; Fi-ancis A. Jones, 
July !•, 1S62: Luman P. llimes, veteranized and promoted first-lieuten- 
ant. Second-lieutenant — Francis A. Jones; David L. Ash, July 9, 
1862. Sergeants — David L. Ash; William X. Perry, died at St. Louis, 
December 1, 1861; Fayette Lacey, ]iromoted sergeant-major, reduced 
August 19, 1865. Corjiorals — Oliver S. Pisdon, sergeant, transferred 
to coi"]is d'Af.. September 27, 1863; Thomas J. ilcDaniel, sergeant, 
died at Cassville, ]\[o., June 9, 1862; Luman P. Ilimes, veteranized; 
Chilion P. Redtield, died at Cassville, Mo., June 9,1862; Joshua S. 
Dudley; James S. Lundy; John A. Perry, died at Otteiwille, Mo.. 
January 13, 1862; William Nicholson, died at St. Louis, November 26, 
1861. Musician — George Pansom. 

The i)rivate soldiers were — enlisted in August, 1861 — John Ander- 
son, veteranized; Aaron S. Anshutz, Andre\v Anderson (discharged 
for wounds); William W. Atkins, David Anshutz (veteranized); Alva 
AV. Prijwn. William II. Parney, veteranized; William W. Br^-an 
(killed at Praii'ie Grove, Ark., December 7. 1862); Joseph Barlow 
(died at New Orleans, May 6, 186-1) ; Emery S. Puffum, John W. 
Buffum. John Charleson, Lucius Church (discharged Februarv 1J-, 
1862); William IL Craig. William T. Dickinson, Eldrige P. Driscoll, 
died at New ( )rleans, September 5, 1863 ; Michael M. Emery, John A. 
Fddy, Martin Fitch, Nelson Grant, Matthew T. Godfrey, died at 
Ihdwnsville, Texas; Charles F. Ilimes, veteranized; N. G. Ililliard, 
(4eorge II. Ilurd, W. II. Hurd, Noriuan Ives (discharged for wounds); 
Closes S. Jones, veteranized, and discharged for disaljility; George W. 
Kirby (veteranized); Daniel Kieni, Julius Kelsey, Anthony Kennard 
(veteranized); Alvin Kiem, Dennis Lee (discharged for wounds); 
Thomas P. Lake, veteranized; James E. Lee (killed at Pea Ridge, 
Ark., March 7,1862); Samuel Leraoine, Daniel Lundy, Chaunce}' P. 
Miner. Penjamin II. Morgan, died at Springfield, Mo.. November 26, 
1S62; Ii'a Newton, veteranized; William J. Noran, David Nowlan. 
William M. Pilgrim. Edward Perkins. Robert C. Peed, died at Otter- 
ville, ]\Io.. October 23, 1861; John Reed, George W. Rouse (First 
Fnited States Artillery); John Sackrisson, Henry Sipe, Henry W. 
Wilbur. Martin Wilcox, veteranized; Henry B. Dexter, veteranized; 
l.uthei- Fitch, Thomas Hughes. Cummings Force. Hartfoi-d J. Rowe. 


Samuel W. Young (veteranized). Tlie recruits were Josejili II. Xew- 
ton. February 6. 18t!5, and David AV. Snydei', April 24. 1S(U. 

Thirty -eighth Infantry organized at Camj) Butler in Seulember, 
1861, ordered to Missouri that month, engaged .leff. Thomjjsou's rebels 
at Fredericktown. and in March, 18*i2, was assigned to the division of 
S. E. Missouri. The histoiy of this command is one of heavy marching 
and small battles uj) to Decembei', 18(;2, when it participated in the 
battle of Stone Iliver. losing Si killed, 10!) wouiuled and 34 mi.ssing. 
After this affair the regiment appears to be everywhei'e, engaged in 
evei'vthing. until mustered out at Victoria, Tex. The Stark county 
men in this conunaiul were: In Company E., enlisted August. 1861, 
John M. C'Ole, Thos. ('. Davis (taken prisoner), IVter Lane, discharged 
for disability. 

Fortieth Infantry, mustered in August 10, 1,S<')1. at Salem. 1.277 
strong, claimed the following named Stark county soldiei's: t'(jmj)any 
(t., Plugh D. Ketfer, enlisted at AIcLeausboro, July. 186] ; jiromoted 
captain April, 186,5. In ('oui|iaiiv D.. .lohu 'riinuious. i-ccruited Afarch. 
186.J. (See yP,d Illinois.) 

Forty-first Infantry, orgiinized at Decatui- in August, 1861, served 
in Missouri and Kentucky up to February, 1862, particijiated in the 
three-days" siege of Fort Donelson, was at Pittsburg Landing in Mairh, 
at Shiloh in A]iril, aiul at Corinth in May, 1862. At Jackson thecora- 
uumd lost 40 killed aiul 122 wounded, in July, 1863; went into winter 
quarters at Big Black river, where it remained until consolidation with 
the Fifty-tirst Begiment. Stark county was represented as follows: 
Company D., James I). Anderson, enlisted July, 1861; transferred to 
Veteran Battalion, Company A., as corporal, January. 18<i4. 

Forty-second Infantry, mustered in at Chicago September 17. 18(n. 
with 1.^24 men, moved at once to St. Louis, and served in Afissoui'i and 
Kansas, until Ajjrd, 1.S62; subsequently served before Corinth, at Farni- 
ington. Stone river, in the Tullahoma cauquiign. at Chickamauga, and 
Mission liidge. The command veteranized Januarv 1. 1864. engiii-ed 
in the Atlanta campaign, at Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca, Adaii'ville, 
New Hope Church, Pine Mountain, Kenesaw Alountain, Peach Tree 
Creek. Atlanta. Jonesboro, and Lovejoy Station ; halting at Atlanta, 
Se])tember S. thence to New Orleans, where the command was dis- 
charged .lanuary in. ISOt;. In Com))any 15. was: lleniT Boyle. Se])- 
tember 20, 1864; in Coiu])any D.. John AV. Shoemakei", killed at Mari- 
etta, Ga., June 15. I.s64, Frank Horn. James Hall and Robert Aliller; 
in Company F., Amos Hodges. Samuel B. llaidcins, Cyrenus Dewey, 
Case I). I)ul)ois, September 3o. 1864; in Conijiauv K.. Silas Avery. 
Alordecai Bevier. .Joseph (4. Fowler ((lie<l Decemlici- 21. 1864, wounds). 
Springe)' (ialley (sui)stitute). Thomas AV. ()ziali isiibstitute). all eidisted 
in Scptendiei'. 18(i4. 

I''oi'ty-seventh Infantry was oi'ganized at Beoi'ia. August 16, 1861. 
It proceeded to Benton Barracks. Sei)temlK''r 23; Alay 0. 1S62. was en- 
oajred at Farmington. Miss.; was enaaaed AIa\- 2s. near Corinth, and 
at that city, Octobei- 3 and 4, where they lost their Iji'ave Colonel A\ . 
A. Thrush, while leading a charo'e. The i-eo-iment lost in this engage- 
ment 30 k-jllcd and ovci- Ion wounded. Mav 14, 1S03. was eno;aged at 


Jackson, Miss.: took part in the charge on the enemy's works at Vicks- 
biirg. !Mav 22, losing 12 Killed and a large number wounded; was at 
the battle of Pleasant Hill. La.. April 9, 1864; I'eturned to Vicksburg 
^lav 22. with General Smith's command, after a campaign of nearly 
three months, in which they suffered almost unheard-of fatigue and 
privations, many men dying from hardshi])s. The Forty-seventh met 
and defeated General ^larnuuhdve near Lake Chicat, in which they lost 
1 1 killed and a number wounded. It was mustered out January, 18(16, 
at Sehua. Akibama. In Company A, were, Second-Lieutenant. Charles 
S. Blood. June 17, 1863 (promoted from sergeant). Privates, Benjamin 
Anient, Benjamin F. Ellis (veteranized, transferred to Company ('.), 
Fortv-seventh consolidated, enlisted August 16, 1861. In Company L) 
were', privates, enlisted August, 1861, Nathaniel Childs, (died in Stark 
county. Illinois, February 10, 18(5-1), William Crow, Perry Kent (died 
at Jetferson City. Missouri. November 16,1861), John McKinnon, Wm.AY. 
Stewart. Albert G. Conley. Alva W. Sturdevant (discharged for disabil- 
itv ), Robert Davidson ( [jromoted."! Win. li. Kiger (discharged for disabil- 
itV), Robert S. Martin, Allen II. Spellman (died at Young's Point. La., 
Jiilv 9, 1863), Abraham A'andusen (died at St. Louis, October 25, 186)1), 
James Richart (deserted.) In Company H. was : Privates, James Drum- 
mond. (enlisted September 1, 1861), and in Company K. Captains, Jacob 
.Lamison, August, 1861 (i-esigned March 26, 18(32), David DeWolf, 
March, 1862. John M. Brown, September, 1862. First-Lieutenants, 
David DeAVoif. August, 1861, James A. Henderson (not mustered, re- 
signed as Second-Lieutenant. June 16, 1862), John M. Brown, June, 
1862). William 11. Denchlield, October, 1862. Second Lieutenants, 
Wm. II. Denchtield. March, 1861 (jiromoted), John Hawks, October, 
1862 (resigneil April, 1864). First-Sergeants, J. M. Brown, September, 
1861, Elislia Dixon. Septembei'. IStU. Sergeants, Philip A. Temple- 
ton, (discharged for disability), William H. Denchtield, Charles Butler, 
Elisha Dixon (promoted September. 1861). Corporals, Adam Tor- 
rance (killed at Vicksl)urg May 22, 1863). Charles D. Paul (died at 
Rienzi, Mississippi. August. 1862), Joseph AV. Jamison (died at Toulon, 
March 29. 1862). Henry Dixon. (Sergeant, discharged for wounds). D. 
W. Davis. Henry Ilixon (veteranized), Charles Edmunds. AVagoner, 
John H. AYaller (discharged), all dating appointments to Sept., 1861. 
The ])rivates enlisted in September, 1S62, were. James Alderman, (dis- 
(■harue<li. Hiram lioardmau, killed at luka, Aliss., September 19, 1862; 
Allen Chatfee, Aliles Colweil (promoted), Ross Colwell, John G. AVliite 
(discharged for disability), Henry Allen (promoted), John Barler, Joel 
I)ix(m, William Dixon, Carson AV. Drummond (died at Jefferson City, 
AIo., January (i, ls62), AVilliam Didley, Jasper Doleson, Sauiuel Eby 
(died in Stark county. Illinois, September II, 1863), Geo. AV. Ellis (died 
at Jefferson City, Ato., November 28, 1861,), Andrew Eutzler, Jacob 
Hutchinson (died at St. Louis, October 27, 1862), Daniel Howard (ser- 
geant, died at Alemphis, June 25, 1862; wounds), Sylvester Sylcott (vet- 
eranized), Edward Sommers (discharged for wounds), Barton Thurston, 
I'enj. ])lackburn. Thomas Cross (deserted), (xeorge A. Clifford, and 
Amos Cornish, discharged for disability; Oliver Crowder, AVilliam 


Cross (discharged as corporal, irarcli 11, 1S63, to enlist in Mississij)])i 
Marine Jjrigade), Robert Garner (discharged for wounds) James W. Jar- 
nagin (died at Alexandria. La., May 31, 18(U), James Kinkade (veteran- 
ized), George II. Martin. David Oziali (veteranized), Jesse West (died 
at Jeiferson City, Mo., February ::il. 18t)2\ "Willson Boggs (veteranized), 
Gliarles (ioodricii ( veteranized i. Penn. Lewis Egl)ert. Theodore AV. Mc- 
Daniel (ilischarged for disalnlity ). .Joseph Witter. Daniel Fast (died at 
St. Louis, .lulv 12, lSOi>). John Hum, Daniel McCradv, A'allev. .lames 
T. Marshall (died at Jefferson ("ity, Mo., ()ctol)er 27, 1861),' Bradfoi'd. 
The I'eci'uits were, iSecratus Drummond, August, 18fi-l, [see Co. B.,4Tth 
consolidated], John D. Eby, December 7, 1'^'U (discharged for woundsj, 
George Ilachtel (see Co. FJ. 47 consolidated i, Oscar (L llixou, Febi-uary 
11. ISfU (see Co. B. 47 consolidated)- Charles S. Hitchcock, Octoljer 21. 
1861 (dischai'ged ; .John Hawks, Decend^er 7, 1^61 (])i'()moted to sei'- 
geant and 2d lieutenant), William .Jamison (died at Milliken's Bend, July 
19, 1863), Kobert Lambert. December 7, 1861 (left in the field with vet- 
erans); Thomas Nichols, Octobei' 21, 1861 (dis. for dis.\ Robert Pyles, 
December 7 (left in the field with veterans i. (4eoi'ge F. Pvles, Decem- 
ber 7, 1861 (dis. for dis.). John F]. Thi'all, Decendier 7. ISCl (discharged 
for wounds), Robert L. Wright, Deceuii)er 7. LSUl (deserted i. 

Forty-seventh Consolidated Infantry claimed a Stark comitv rej)i'e- 
seutation in Company A as follows: Recruits — Richard Lynch, 
Xovembei- 18. 18(i3. and .Tames B. Riley, ilarch 31, 1S6.>, from One- 
huiuired-and-eighth Illinois. In Com pan v B were: Captain — Henrv 
AVeiar, October 11, 1864; First-Lieutenant— AV. Boggs, October 11, 
1864; Corporals — Ileurv AA^eiar, October 22, 1864; promoted to ca])- 
tain. The privates who enlisted in Febi-uary, 1864, were: AVilson 
lioggs, Charles Goodrich, Geoi-ge W. Waldon, J. Bates, Secratus 
Drummond, Sylvester Sylcott, Jacob AVeiar, Michael AVeiar, George 
Ilachtel, James Ivinkade, David Oziah, Oscar G. Ilixon and Henry 
Flixon. In Comj)any (' were: Corporal. — Benjamin F. Ellis, Feb- 
luarv 22. 1S(;4, who was made prisoner. In Company E were: Ser- 
geant — Philip C. Scott; Corporal — Bernard Hogan. ai>pointed in 
F'ebi'uarv, 18()i'5; and the privates who enlisted in February, 186.'"). 
were: Charles Byrne, Thf)mas I>ryne, John Keely, AVilliam Conkliu. 
Charles Hall, .James I'arrell, Robert Keusler, all of whom were reported 
to have deserted. In Company H weie : privates, who enlisted March, 
186.5, (Tcoi'ge Edwards (dishonoi'al)ly discharged), .lohn Hartley 
(deserted), Daniel Hogan (deserted), Charles McBride (deserted). Will- 
iam AVelch (de.sei-tcd). In Company I were: Privates, who eidist(>(l 
March, 186.">, John Burns. Abram Loudeid)Ui'gh, Theodore VanDyke, 
Daniel Ballard. In Company K were : Sergeant. — Albert Papeneaii, 
enlisted March 6, 1865; died at Demoj)olis, Ala., July 5, 186.5; Cor- 
porals — Alexander Davis, Alexandei' Sames, (4eorge AV. Sailer; AVag- 
oner — Robert Landjert ; Pi'ivates — David Hiddleman, died at Dem- 
opolis, Ala., .June 1.5, 186.5, Thomas .1. Fuller. Stejihen II. .Jackson, 
Enoch Foble, Simon AVatson, Ilasleb AV. AVilson, Thomas Fi'ynum. 
Samuel A. (Tlassfoid. Samuel S. (dassfoi'd (died at Selma, Ala., August 
15, 1865), Robei't Sames, .John W. Aloi'i'ison. enlisted in ^larcli, 1SC).5, 


witli unassigiu'd I'fcruits — Josepli A. O'Doimel. Deccmltei' "-J. ]S(i4 
(rcjet'ted by Itoai'di. 

P'orty-nintli Inl'aiiti'v was organized at ('aiii|) J>utler, Deeeiubei' ;!1, 
IStn, ordered to Cairo, 111., in Feliruavy. isc,:^, lost, l-t killed and o7 
wounded at Donelson; lost, 17 killed and HO wounded at Shiloh ; par- 
ticipated in the siege of Corinth, joined the exjiedition against Little 
Rook, and in January, 1864, three-fourths of the command re-enlisted. 
In March. lSfi4, participated in the capture of Fort DeRussey, Ala.; 
ordered to Illinois for veteran furlough, June 21, while the detachment 
of non-veterans remained, and under Cai)tain John A. Logan, partici- 
pated in the atfair of Tu]xdo, .Inly 11 and 15, 1864. Several magnifi- 
cent movements are credited to this command. In l)eceml)er, 1864, 
the non-veterans were mustered out at Paducah, Ky., and the veterans 
September 9, 1865, at the same place. The soldiers from this county 
were: Company I', John L. Lee, Lafayette, recruited April, 1865. 
Company K, William C. Grant, Elmira, recruited March, 1865. 

Fiftieth Infantry oi-ganized at (^uincy, August, ls61, held a, repres- 
entative of Pcnn township, in the person of John Ryan. 

Fifty-tirst Infantry was organized December 34, 1861 ; F'ebruary 
14, 1862, ordered to Cairo, 111; April 7 moved against Island No. Kt ; 
on the 6th pursued the enemy, com])elling the surrender of Gen. Mack- 
all ; on the 11th endmrked and moved down the Mississippi to 
Osceola, Ark., and disembarked on the 22d; in the battles of Farming- 
ton, siege of Corinth, Nashville. Stone River, Chickamauga, Rocky 
Face Ridge. Kenesaw ilountain and many others; they were in the 
thickest of the fight, nearly one-half of the number engaged being 
killed or wounded, at Chickamauga; also sustained severe loss at Kene- 
saw Mountain. The regiment was heavily engaged in the battle of 
of Nashville, Decend)ei' 1, where 15n men were killed, wounded and 
missing. The Fifty-(ii-st was mustered out at Camp Irwin, Tex., Sep- 
tember 25, 18(15. In ('<ini])any II wei'e the ])rivates who enlisted in 
January, 1862 : Hugh IJonnelly, Flison Eli (veteranized, ])r(mioted), 
Erick From (veteranized, promoted), James Kinneman, James Kennedy, 
Jose})h Few (discharged), Solomon R. Shockley, David Simmerman, 
Paul Wai'd (veteranized, prisoner of war), Thomas Imes (veteranized), 
Anthony Sturm (veteranized, promoted), Cyrus Jacobs (veteranized, 
])romoted), Charles W. Newton (pr()mote<r) ; and in Comi)any K, 
privates: Cyrus A.Anthony, enlisted Noveml)er 15, 1861, (veteran- 
ized, lu-omoted quartermaster sergeant, then first lieutenant of Com- 
pany G; next adjutant and then captain of Company I?, ;vVA' family 
liistory in West Jersey township. 

Fifty-third Infantry, organized at Ottawa ; moved to Savannah, 
Tenn., in March, ]S(i2, and present at Shiloh on April 7. On January 
4, 1865, 222 men ami officers of the F'orty-first wpre consolidated with 
the Fifty-third, and served until uiuster-out Jaly22, 1S65. In Com- 
pany A were : F'rancis IJradley, December, 1864 (substitute, never 
joined the company). Companj^ C, James W. Albro, October, 1864 
(never joined company) James Lee, December, 1864, (never joined com- 
pany). In Company E, William Osiah, Decendier, 1864 (substitute.) 

Fifty-Hfth Infantry mustered in Ck'tober, 31, 1861, at Camp Dong- 


lass witli 1,287 men, moved to Kentucky in .Taniuu'v 18(>2, joined the 
expedition against Corinth in March, lost '.» olticers and 1<)2 men killed 
and 161 wounded and prisoners lost also at llusselFs house, entered 
Corinth Mux 30, moved to Arkansas- Post that winter where tlu-ee 
men were wounded in January, 1863. At Vicksburg and Jackson the 
regiment did excellent service, again at North Chickamauga Creek, 
Knoxville, Kenesaw Mountain, where its losses were heavy, at Atlantic 
and Jonesboro it made an envialjle reputation. The command ])artici- 
pated in the grand review at Washington, D. C., and received honora- 
ble discliarge. In Company G. of this command were privates, enlisted 
October, 1801 — L. S. Coggswell, veteranized, promoted ; George W. 
Eckley, died at Camp Sherman, Miss., August 8, 1803 ; James A. Eck- 
ley, Joseph C. Hiner, veteranized, promoted ; George E. Witter, vetera- 
nized, promoted. 

Fifty -sixtli Infantry was mustered in at Shawneetown, February 27, 

1862, with 1,1SU men. The Stark county men in the command were: 
Edward Ketfer, enlisted at McLeansboro, Februar\', 1862, and commis- 
sioned Second lieutenent, promoted captain, October, 1862, killed by 
fall of a tree, December, 1863, in Ala. Osmand C. Griswold, enlisted 
at McLeansboro, as sergeant, November, 1861, jiromoted Second-lieu- 
tenant. October, 1862, resigned. May, 1861. 

Fifty-seventh Infantry organized at Chicago, in December 1801, 
moved to Cairo in February, 1862, engaged in the siege of Fort 
Donelson, February, 13, 14 and 15; in the Battle of Shiloh, April and 
7 ; in the siege of Corinth in May, and the battle of Corinth. ( )ctober 
3 and 1, 1862. Thereo-iment was engaged in o-uard and garrison dutv 
until mustered out at l^ouisville. Ky., July 7, 1805. The Stark County 
soldiers who enlisted Septemljer, 1801. Tliomas J. IJlake. veteranized. 
James Kelley, veteranized ; Joseph Manning, killed at Shiloh. April 6. 
1802 in Company F; Thomas C. Nichols and James Nichols, dis- 
charged, in Company K ; and William P. Clifford, who deserted in 
June, 1862, from Company II. 

Fifty-eighth Infantry recruited at Chicago in February, 1862, went 
at once into service at Fort Donelson. and suffei-ed all the trials to 
which new troops were ever exposed. The Stark C^ounty soldiers were 
Company D., liudolph Shippman, promoted, discharged for disability. 
Company E., Isaac Dudley, Edward DetHeg, deserted, March, 18(i5. 
Company I., Franklin Maxcy, corporal and James C. Maxcy, March, 
1865. Unassigned, John Evan, February, 1S65. 

Sixty-fourth Infantry, mustered in at Chicago, December 16, 18fil. 
was assigned to Po])e"s army March 4, at New Aladrid.and on the 12th 
made a night attack on the enemy, and participated in the battle of 
the 13th; Stephen Babb, a recruit of February. 180)2. served in this 

Sixty-fifth Infantry, or the " Scotch Regiment," was organized at 
Chicago, and mustered in May 1, 1862. It was ordered to Virginia 
and brigaded Avith the One Ilundied and Twenty-fifth New York 
Infantry and Battery M, Second Artilleiy. Col. ]\riles ca])tured at 
Harper's Ferry, pai'oled next day, returned to Chicago, and in A})ril, 

1863, after exchange, was assigned to the army of Eastern Kentucky. 

Mii.irAin' ms-|-oin'. 217 

Tn March. ISiU, tlie coimnancl veteranizetl, received furlougli, rejoined 
(xen. yiieruian's army, and on June 15, engaged the eneniv between 
Kenesaw and Lost ^fountain, and continued in active service until 
mustered out July 1:5, isd.'). The soldiers from Stark County are as 
follows : 

Company A — Eidisted March, 1.S02: James K. Allen (veteranized 
in Company 11), Joseph Bogard, Ezekiel Bogard (veteranized in Company 
II), Asa (Ireen field. Ilobert II. Hitchcock (veteranized in Company H), 
IJethuel (ireentield (veteranized in Company II), Sylvester Greenfield 
(veternized in Com|)any PI). Comjiany I) — Finley McLellan (de- 
serted), William W. Tpdike, Daniel V. White (vetei-aiiizeil in Company 
II). Companv G — Corporal: John Richer, March, lSri2, V. R. C., 
Sei)tember 80, 1S(;4. Privates— Enlisted April, 18«2: William II. 
Ausman (musician), James F. Ausman, Joseph Richei- (veteranized in 
Com])a,ny J5, consolidated). (Tcoi'ge INIaxtield (discharged for disability ). 
Company L — First-Lieutenant: (ieorge II. Brown, June 2<i, 1S<>4. 
(not mustered). Sci-geant — George II. P>rown, February 12, lSt;2, 
jiromoted to second-lieutenant. Coqioral — James K. Oziah, February 
12, 1862. Privates — Enlisted March, lSfi2 : Stephen S. Burnham 
(deserted), Robei't Ilennessy (discharged for disability), F^red. K. Ket- 
zenbei'ger (discharged for (lisability ), Isaac Bannister (V. R. C, April 
1, 1805), Chauncey (TunhTer, Osro Iluckins (veteranized), Henry C. 
Ilall (discharged for disaiiility ), Francis M. Steves, AV. W. Weaver 
(died in (ieorgia, June 15,1864; w(junds), Alfred Cornish (desei'ted), 
Arthur R. Olds (tlischarged for disability), William Shirts (discharged 
for disability), James Dalrymple, Freeman R. Davison (veteranized), 
Harmon Ilochstrasser, James C. Powell, Samuel C. Sharrer (discharged 
for disability), Iv()l)ert W. Wood (deserted), Alexander C. Lord. Re- 
cruits — Enlisted August, 1862: Benjamin Blackburn (deserted), John 
Whitcher, (TCorge W. Pate (deserted). Harvey L. Way (discharged). 
Fnassigned recruit — Petei" Nelson, May, 1864. 

In the Sixty-tifth Consolidated Infantry were the following named : 
Sergeant — David L.Jones. Corporal — Jose])h W. Richer. Private 
— Enlisted March, 1865: David Woodard, in Company B. Fiist- 
Lieutenant — Elmer Sage, June 20, 1865. Corporals — Frank L. Yale, 
March 28. 1864; Luther Graiiam, November 21, 186.'!. The pi-ivate 
soldiers were: William A. Brown, Martin Hickman. Wilbani J. Ham- 
ilton, Moi'ris C. Lampson, 186:'; Jacob AV. McDaniel, 1864; Thomas 
Patterson, George AV. Pate. 1862; (4eorge A. Brown, 1863; Melvin 
Gage, 1684; Ira F. Havden, 186::!; Zach. T. Brown, 1865; James L. 
Fox. 1865; Adam Rush, George Paish, James AI. Tacket, Elisha E. 
Taylor, Anson Tanner, Stephen Talljot, Andrew Jackson, AVilUam 
J. Lanipei', Solomon Leighton, Isaac Luce, 1864; John Lee, ls6:5; 
liaily C. Ogden, 1861, in Company F. Privates — James K. Allen, 
Joseph liogard, Robert II. Hitchcock, Betimel Greenfield, Daniel 
P. White, in Company II. I'irst-Lieutenant — George II. Brown, in 
Company I, and Privates Freeman R.Davison, Ozro C. Huckins. in 
Comjiany K. 

Si.Kty-Sixth Infantry, known as "Birge's Sharpshooters" and 
"AVestern Sharpshooters," was mustered in as Fourteenth Missouri In- 


faiitrv, Decembei' 12, ISfil, served in Missouri until moved to Cairo in 
February, 1S62, participated in the affairs at Fort Henry, Fort Donel- 
son, Shiioh, rorintli, and lesser battles, until November 20, wlien tlie 
c(mimand was transferred to Illinois, and received the numl)er QC). 
From this time to muster out at Louisville, Ky., July 7, 18(35, it was 
actively engaoed. In this command were, of Cimipany F, Charles 
Atherton. October, 1S64 (transferred to invalid corps); Andrew Hamil- 
ton, recruited February. 1864. Fnassigned — Daniel Holmes, recruited 
February, 1S64. 

Sixty-ninth Infantry was mustered in at Camp Douglas. June 
1-1, 1862. with !tl2 men. In Com})any D of this command were the 
foUowino- named Stark county soldiers: Coi'porals — Enlisted June 
1862 — Jedediah Luce, George W. Smith, ilatthew Eounds, James 
Adams; privates — Moses M. Adams, Robert Boyd, William H. David- 
son, William Foster, Hansom D. Foster, Wilson Eounds, Lorenzo 
K. Wiley, Edward Brown. William Bowden, Lucius Church, Alger- 
non Fitch, Michael Gillespie, Wm. Hamilton, Benjamin F. Lewis. 
Plenry B. Lewis, (ieorge W. McDaniels, Edwin B. Pomeroy, Edward 
Peny, John W. Rounds, Jasper Smith, Wm. F. AVheeler, Theron 
Waller, Michael Hum, David Himes, Isaac M. Witter, Frederick 
Russell (deserted). The recruits of 1862 were: George Pate (deserted). 

Seventy-second Infantry was organized at Chicago, as the First 
Regiment of the Chicago Board of Trade. Its first bills were put out 
for one company, calling itself the "Hancock Guards," on July 23, 
1862, and one month afterward the regiment mustered into service. 


started for Cairo, arriving on the 24th. Their strength at that time 


was 37 officers and 930 men. The Seventy -second partici]>ated in many 
engagements during their three years' service in the field. At the bat- 
tle of Franklin, Tenn., the Seventy-second lost 9 officers and 1.-|2 men. 
who were either killed or severely wounded. In Com})any A. were: 
]\Iiles Averv (deserted), Jacob Gallev (promoted, was ])risoner). Scepta 
T. Harding (killed at Vicksburg, :\Iay 22, 1863), James I). Heath (])ro- 
moted), Rol)ert Holmes. 

Eighty-third Infantry mustei-ed in August 21, 1862, at Monmouth. 
111., contained W. H. Harris, who was discharged for disability, and 
George W. Duid>ar, jr.. of Com]>any E. 

Eighty -sixth Infantry was organized at Peoria, and mustered in 
August 27, 1862, 993 strong; moved at once to Louisville, and served 
at Chickamauga during the three days' fight in Septemljer, pursued 
the rebels from Missionary Eidge to Ringgold on September 2<lth. 
served at Perry ville ( )ctober 8th ; engaged at Buzzard's Roost May 
9, 10, 11 ; at Resaca- in the two days' fight ; at Rome on May 17; at 
Dallas fi'(jm May 27 to June 5; at Kenesaw Mountain from June 11 
to 27. losing 11(» killed and wounded. On the banks of the Chatta- 
hoochie on the 18tli, and at Peach Ti'ee Creek on the 19th, and near 
Atlanta on 20, 21 and 22. the regiment did good service, was engageil 
in the siege of Atlanta until joining in the " march to the sea " Novem- 
ber 16, arrived at Savannah December 21. and after the defeat of 
Johnson ]:)roceeded to Washington. D. C, where it was mustered out, 
June 6. 18(>5. The command lost 346 men. died, killed aiul wounded. 


miU'clied ?.,.")(iO miles, and traveled hy rail ^.OOO miles. In Ccnipaiiy K. 
were: Captain, (-Jeoi'ge A. Snutli. July 1."), lS(i4: First-Lieutenant. 
George A. Smith, June 15, ist^i ; Second-Lieutenants, (George A. 
Smith, June 11, ISfia ; Henry Foreman, June 12, isfi.") (not mustei'ed); 
Sergeants, (4eorge A. Smitli, August 13, 1862. Privates, enlisted 
August, 18(12, "Wm. Cooiier (died at Nashville, Tennessee, January 13, 
17ti;!i. Joseph Cartel-, AVm. Dawson (discharged), Harvey Foreman 
(jiroi loted), Alonzo (4oodaie (discharged), John A. Joh (])romoted). 
Andrew Xehlig (died of wounds, IMarch 2<>. 1865), Wm. F. Speers (pro- 
moted), James S. Schaidv (died at Nashville, February 22, lst;:j), Louis 
Woodward, Eli AVilson (discharged), Benton Carringtou (discharged 
for wounds), Thomas Reader, James AV. Ileagan (discharged), Tighl- 
man S. Ragan, Jacob Schleigh. The recruits, enlisted Feliruaiy, iS'il. 
James C. Hall (transfei'red to Company E., Thirty -fourth), John R. 
Waldron (transferred to Com])any E., Thirty -fourth), and in Company 
IL, Alusician, Cyrus A. Fox, August 7, 1S(;2 ; Privates, Alexander R. 
IIep])erlv, xVugust 6, 1862 (promoted); Recruits. John Jenkeson (died 
of wounds, ]\larcli 20, 1865). 

Nineteenth Infantry, or Irish Legion, was organized in the summer 
and mustered in in October, 1862. Its prompt organization was 
mainlv due to Very Rev. Dr. I). Dunne, and Timothy O'Meard. the 
first Colonel. The services of this command were as extensive as the\' 
were brilliant, losing ;-!d(i men and returning with only 221 men, of 
whom -tl were crippled. Tiie i)adge of the command was " 4(» rounds 
of cartridge." It is said that two or more Stai'k county men served in 
this command. 

Ninety-third Infantry organized at Chicago in Septend)er, 1862 ; 
ordered to Memphis in November, served in the northei-n ]\Iississi))pi 
campaign, and in March, IS63, served in the Yazoo Pass ex])e(litiou. 
On May 11 was the first engaged at Jackson, losing 8 killed and 4 
wounded. On Black River the command lost o7 men and 6 officers 
killed, and luT wouniied. A'icksburg. Mission Ridge, the Alabama 
camjiaign. Resaca, Alatoona, the Carolina's camjiaign, and a hundred 
smaller affairs, tell the history of the Ninety-third. It was mustered 
out June 23. 1865, after 6.087 miles of travel and a casualty list of 17S 
men. The soldiei's of Stark in the Ninety-third were : Colonel. Nich- 
olas C. Buswell, N(jvemi)er 25, istJo (not mustered), Lieutenant-Colonel, 
Nicholas C. Buswell, October 13, ls62 (promoted); Privates, enlisted in 
August, 1862, Thomas Cioodwin ulied at Rome, Oa., October 25, 1861, 
wounds), George Gardner (killed at Yicksburg, May 22, 1S63), Wil- 
liam C. Hall (died at Memphis, January 17.1863), Edgar Hall (died at 
^Memphis. March 5, 1863), John Ilellener (died at Yicksburg, Septem- 
ber It, 1863), Matthew Landon ([iromoted), Seth E. Stf)Ughtoii, Fred 
Sclaghter, Nathan Thorn (])ronioted). ^lorgan L. Weaver (died at home, 
November 21, 1863j. 

One-hundred-and-sixth Infantry organized at Lincoln, 111., in Au- 
gust, 1862, moved to Columbus, Ivy., in November, thence to Jackson, 
Tenn., and served until mustered' out at Pine Bluff, Ark., July 12, 
1865. Serving in the ( )nc-hun(lred-and-sixth were in Company (i. 
lU'iijamin Williams, coiiiniissioned captain Septemlier. 1862. di(Ml in 


IllSTIiln' (IK STAKK roCNT^'. 

service. Coiiipanv II, .lames A\'. licriy. enlisted as coi'ponil August, 
18H2, promoted to First Lieutenant. 

One-liundred-and eiglith Infantry organized at ('amp Peoria. 
August 27. 1862, left foi- Kentucky October (1, and went into active 
service. In December, bSfi2, tlie command uioved toward A'icksburg, 
meeting the enemy at Cliickasaw liayou, for tlie fii'st tiuie, losing four 
men killed. In the investment of Arkansas Post, January 1(», 1S63. 
the (^ne-liundred-;ind-eigl)th liore a brilliant part, losing thirteen men 
wounded. The command was mustered out August 5, 186."). In this 
regiment were in Company ( ', Kichard Lynch, recruited November, 
isi;?), (see Forty-seventh Illinois.) Company 1), .lames Kiley. I'eci'uited 
March, 1S(J.5, (see F^irty-seventii Illinois.) 

( )ne-hun(Ired-and-twelfth Infantry may lie said to date its oi'gan- 
ization back to August s, 1S()2, when the commissioneil otticei's of tiie 
three Stark county companies and seven Henry county com])anies of 
militia met at Galva. The command was then known as the '• Henrv 
C^ounty Regiment," the nundier " One-hnndredand-twelfth" being- 
assigned on acceptance liy the State. The regiuu^iit was mustered 
in at Peoria. September 20 and 22, 1S62, iXi;! strong. This number 
was increased to tUit by October s. when the commiiud \eh en 7'oute 
to Cincinnati, where .lohn F. Meyers, of Company F, died. From this 
time to March 31, 18(i3, no less than thirty-two members were rejiorted 
dead; On Felnniary 23, 1863, twenty-five men under Capt. Dow, were 
captured by 25u men of Morgan's command, and. after being robbed, 
were jiaroled, and were not exchanged until Se])tember, 1863. At 
"Winchester, Mt. Sterling. Pai'is and I'oonsboro, in Maix-h, 1863, the 
command gave evidence of what stuff it was composed. Service round 
Danville, Capt. Otman's escape on the Kentucky I'iver. the mounting 
of the command, and a few minor meetings Avith rebel outposts char- 
acterized the command in April. Monticello, Knoxville, Lemoir, and 
AValbui'g, Somerset, the organization of a musician's corps, the affair at 
Clinch Nut. and the destination of railroad stations mark the progress 
of the One-hundred-and-twelftii in Kentucky and Tennesee up to .July. 
1863. In -Inly the attempt to save the wagon train at Crab Orchard ; 
the capture of rebels at Harrodsiiurg by Capt. Otman and IMilchrist's 
command, the tight at Ilichmond and pursuit formed the most notable 
events. The march over the Cundierland Alountains, the capture at 
Post Oak Springs; the entry into Athens, and establishment of a LTnion 
newspaper there mark the campaign of the ( )ne-hundred-and-twelfth 
in August. In Septendier the i-ebels surpriseil the town, capturing a 
number of Stark county num. and killing Capt. Dickenson. At Cal- 
houn, Cleveland and along the Iliawassee rivei", the command was 
ever on duty during a part of this month ; many mendiers having seri- 
ous a<lventures and hair-breadth escapes. In the fall of 1S63 the bat- 
tles I'ound Loudon, Lenoir and Philadel})liia wei-e participated in, and 
in Novendjer the seige of Knoxville, battle of ( 'ampliell's Stati<in ; the 
affair at Ft. Saunders bi'ouglit additional honoi's to the commanil. 
The ]iursuit of Longstreet, and a never ending round of skirmishing- 
characterized the campaign of December. The affairs of Flat Creek 
and Kelly's Ford in -lanuary, 1864 entailed serious losses in the One- 

^[Il.n■Al;Y history. 223 

liumh'tMl-aml-twclftli. In April the regiment was {lismountetl, and 
t()()1< its place among tlie troops ordered to participate in tlie Georgia 
cam])aign. From Say s, lS(i4, this comman i ilid brilliant service 
unde)' Sherman, and its history is in fact that of the most aggressive 
regiment under Sherman. From the day the command left Peoria in 
1S(;2, to muster out, June 20, ISO.'), its services to the Union wei-e held 
as models for all othei- regiments. On its flag is the inscription: 
" ]\entncky,"" " ilonticello," "East Tennessee," "('ampljell's Station," 
"Knoxville," ••lean's Station," " Dandridge," "Atlanta," " IJesaca," 
" Kenesaw," " Utoy Creek," "Nashville," " C'ohunbia," "Fraidvlin." 
•' Wilmingtim," "'Fort Anderson." In the history of this command, 
written by ('apt. B. F. Thompson, the whole story of the organization 
and services of the One-lnindi'ed-and-twelfth is I'elated. In the fol- 
lowing roster and record, summarized from tliis work, is the niinutia' 
of its history. 

Field and Staff. — General Thomas J. Hender.sou, enrolled August 11. 
18G2, and elected ca]itain of Oomjiauy F. Upon organlzatum of the regi- 
ment unauiuiously elected colonel by vote of the commis.sioueil ofHcer.s and 
of the enlisted men. Clustered in as colonel of the regiment Septendjer 
•,.'"2. ISd'i. — Severely wounded in the battle of Kesaca, Ga., ^lay, 14, 1804, 
and absent by reason of wounds until July :28. 1804. Coninuiuded Second 
Brigade, Second Division, Cavalry Corps, Ai-iuy of the Ohio, from January 
lo to April 8, 1804. Cionuuauded Third Brigade, Third Division, Twenty- 
third Corps, Army of the Ohio, from August I'i. 1804. until mustered out. 
Recommended for promotion to lirigadier general by Major General Scho- 
field, comnuindiug the Army of the Ohio, and by Major General Cox, com- 
manding the Twenty-third Army Corps, for gallant and meritorious service 
in the Georgia and Tennessee camjiaigns, and especially at the battle of 
Franklin, Tenn., November 3(), 1804. Appointed brigadier general, by 
Brevet, by President Lincoln, January 0, 180o, to rank from November o(>, 

1864. Residence at Princeton. Luther S. Milliken — .Mustered in Sep- 
tember 1."), 1802, as first assistant surgeon, with rank of captain. Pro- 
moted to surgeon, with rank of major, ]\Iareb 22, 1803. Brigade surgeon 
a considerable portion of the last year of the war. Resided ever since the 
war at Fraidviinton, N. C. 

Comi)auy B. was enrolled at Bradford, and organized August 12, 1802. 
The date of all enlistments not otherwise stated, and date of muster into 
the United States service, Septendjer 20, 1802. Of those present and mus- 
tered out with the company, June 20, 1805, the following record is made: 
Captain Bradford F. Thompson, mustered in as first sergeant. Promoted 
to second lieutenant April 10, to rank from ilarcli ol, 1803. Promoted 
first lieutemmt January 17, 1804, to rank from September 18, 1863, Aji- 
pointed adjutant of the regiment March T, 1804, to rank from November 
2.5, 1803. Promoted to captain May 9, to rank from April 25, 1865. 
Slightly wounded in action at Resaca, Ga., May 14, 18C4, and in the battle 
of Franklin, Tenn., Noveudjer 30, 1804. First Lieutenant William H. 
Doyle, mustered in as sergeant. Promoted to first lieutenant, Septendjer 
30, 1804, to rank from Xovendier 25, 1803. CommamleU the company as 
sergeant and lieutenant from August 0, 1804, to May It. 1805: now of 
Rico, Colorado. First Sergeant Charles B. Foster, mustered in as ser- 
geant; pronu)ted A}n-il 10, 1863; commissioned second lieutenant Ju7ie 15, 

1865, but not mustered. Serii-eants: Williird B. Foster, niustei-ed in as 



sergeant, regimental " Aniljul:iiice Sergeant " from June 18(14, until mus- 
tered out: now of Kice eounty. Kansas: Augustus S. Thompson, mustered 
in as corjioral; promoted to sergeant August 31, 1804: regimental '•Ord- 
nance Sergeant " from Xovemhei 18<i4, until mustered out; (ieorge W. 
I»eed. mustered in as corporal: promoted to sergeant August 'M. 18(')4: cap- 
tured at Lancaster. Ky.. July 28, 1863 — made his escape the same day. 
.I(jhn K. Jones, promoted to Sergeant October 1. 1804; slightly wounded hy 
splinters from "head-log" struck by solid shot. May "^T, 1804, and in 
action at I'toy Creek, near Atlanta, (ia., August 0, 1864. Corporals: 
John Olenburg. promoted June 18. ISGo: wounded in action at Kelly's 
Ford, on the French ]5road Kiver, East Tennesee. January 28. 1804, now 
of Zearing, Story county, Iowa. James A. Long, mustered in as private. 
]>romoted August 31. 1804. Levi White Jones. October 7, 1802: sick when 
conij)any mustered in: jironioted Septeuil)er 15. 1804: mustered out with 
company by order of Major (ieneral Schofield, now of Glasco, Cloiul 
county. Kan. John D. Keagle. promoted October 1, 1864; accidentallv 
shot in knee, by Comjiany H man. at Milledgeville. Ky., April. 1803; acci- 
dentally wounded at Mossy Creek, East Tennessee. January 1, 1864. F. 
Louis Heinke, promoted March 15, 1805; wounded in action at Cleveland. 
Tenn., Sejttember 18. 1803. now of Sjiokane Falls. Washington territory. 
Charles N. Crook, promoted March 15. 1805; captured at Cleveland, Tenn.. 
September 18, 1863; exchanged November 20. 1864. TJejoined company in 
the spring of 1865, now of Goodrich, Kan. Musician Henry S. Hayden 
was member of the Regimental Hand from its organization until mustered 
out. now of Creighton, Xeb. Wagoner John McLaughlin: teamster during 
his whole term of service : accidentallv killed, moving' a liuilding, at Brail- 
ford, December 20. 1871. 

The private troops mustered out wei'e: William J I. Conibear. now of 
Morton. III. Thomas E. Delany. now of Zearing. Ia. William I). Free- 
man, captured at Cleveland, Tenn., September 18, 1803: escaped from An- 
dersonville May 24, 1804; entered the lines of Sherman's army on the Eto- 
wah river, Ga., June 13, 1804; I'cceived furlough, after which rejoined 
company; now of Eureka, Kan. Samuel B. Francis. Joseph Fleming, 
slightly wounded at Knoxville. Tenn.. Xovember 18. 1863, now of this 
county. James A. Goodrich, injured in liead by concussion of exploding 
shell, at Resaca, Ga., May 14, 1804: resides at Goodrich. Kan. Xewton J. 
(Jreen, mustered in as Corpoi'al; was captured at C'leveland. Tenn., Sep- 
tember 18, 1803: exchanged March 21. 1804: rejoineil company on Pine 
Mountain, Ga. , June 10. 1804; i-esides at Linn ('reek. Mo. AVilliam Ilau- 
ley, absent on furlough: rejoined and discharged with company at Chicago, 
July 0, 1805: now of Scranton. la. Charles II. Hanley resides at Omaha. 
Neb. John Hall, of IJradford. 111. Nicholas Hill, mustered in as Corpo- 
ral: reduced June 2. 1804: captured near Winchester. Ky. . February 23. 
1803: paroled next day: exchanged September 10; rejoined comjiany at 
Bean's Station, E. Tenn., December 14. 1803. George Jennings resides at 
Cherokee, Kan. Francis ,1. Liggett, captured at Cleveland. Tenn., Sep- 
tember 18. 1803; confined on Belle Isle. Va., until March 10, 1804, then 
tran.sferred to Ande)'sonville: escaped from Andersonville May 24. 1864; 
entered lines of Sherman's army on the Etowah river, Ga., June 13, 1S(!4: 
received thirty days' furlough, then rejoined company. John C. Leighton, 
injured in head by concussion of exploding shell, at Resaca, Ga.. May 14, 
1864, now of Oilman. 111. Charles Leighton. captured at Clevelanil, Tenn., 
September 18. 1803: exchanged Jfarch 21. and rejoined company June 10, 

:Mii.rrAKV mistouy. 225 

ISO-t; (lied near Modeiui. in ilay, 187<i. William ('. Lo2)einan. enlisted 
August 31, 1803: slightly wounded in action at Flat Creek-, in E. Tenn., 
January 36. 1864: now of Henry. 111. Orman M. Miller, captured at 
Cleveland. U'enn., September 18. 1863; exchanged March 31. and rejoined 
rom))any June 16. 18fi4:nowof Iloopeston. III. Lewis Osborn. captured 
at Cleveland. Tenn.. September 18, I860: exchanged JIareli 31. and re- 
joined company June 16. 1864. Irvin Oxberger, slightly wounded by shell 
at Calhoun, I'enn.. Sei)tember 36, 1863. Jacob II. Pirkey enlisted when 
only 1.5 years of age: under 18 when discharged: now of Elliott, 111. Ira 
Porter died in Stark county April 31, 1S73. Ephraim X. Pardee enlisted 
August 31, 1863: mustered in as Corporal, detailed in Law's battery, and 
reduced to make room for another Corijoral; now of (Jalva, 111. Samuel 
Redding, captured at Cleveland, Tenn.. September 18, 1863: exchanged 
ilarch 31. 1864: rejoined company on Pine Mountain, Ga.. June 14, 1864: 
now of (Joodrich, Kan. Alva W. Sturtevant. severely wounded by rebel 
sharj>shooters neai- Atlanta. Ga., August 9, 1864. resides at Dexter. la. 
.John Sturm, now of Oak Dale. Mo. Charles 11. Thompson. slightl\ 
wounded in actioTi at Ctoy Creek. Ga.. August 6. 1804. Joseph Taylor. 
John Wallace, captured at Cleveland. Tenn.. September 18. 1863: ex- 
changed .May 1. 1864: rejoined company -June 10, 1804: slightly wounded 
in action at Utoy Creek, Ga.. August 0. 1804: now of Coon Kapids. la. 

There wereal)sent at muster-out Corporals: Edwai'd T. Rilev — captured 
at Cleveland. Tennessee. September 18. 1803. exchanged at Wilmington. 
Xortli Carolimi. March 1, 180.5. absent sick, discharged at S|)ringfield. Illi- 
nois. Se])tember 30, 1805. resides at Byron. Xebraska: Hiram P. Mallury — 
mustered in as i^rivate, promoted April 10, 1803. captured at Clevelaiul. 
Tennessee. September 18, 1863, exchanged at Wilmington, North Carolina, 
March 1, 1865. absent sick, discharged July 1, 1805, now of Buda, Illinois. 

Privates: John H. Baldwin — enlisted and mustered in July 0. 18()3. 
at Camp Xelson, Kentucky, for three years, absent sick in hospital since 
October. 1863, on muster-out roll : Ira F. Hayden — enlisted Februai-y 30. 
mustered in March 1. 1864. for three years, captui'ed at Columbia. Ten- 
nessee. Xovemlier 3(>. 1S64. jiaroled April 15. IS(i5. and entered Union 
lines at Black River, discharged at Springfield, Illinois. July 1. 1865, and 
rejoined company at Lasalle. Illinois, in the night of July 6. 1865. on rail- 
way train coming home: Horace Morrison — captured at Cleveland. Ten- 
nessee, September 18. 18f!3. pamled and exchanged March 31. 1S(;4, never 
rejoined company. 

The troops previously discharged were : Captains: James B. Doyle — 
enrolled August 13, and mustered in as captain September 30. 1863, resigned 
at Lexington, Kentucky, March 31, 1863: John Gudgel — enrolled August 
I'i. and mustered in as second lieuteiumt, September 30. 1863, jn-omoted 
to first lieuteiumt April 10, to rank from iliirt-h31, 1863. promoted to cap- 
tain January n. 1804, to rank from September 18, 1803. wounded in action 
at Utoy Creek. August 0. 1864. discharged by reason of wounds March 37. 
1S65, died at Red Wing, Minnesota, .Inly 3;, 1876, widow's residence at 
Tiskilwa, Illinois. 

The jn'ivates discharged before muster-out were: tieorge Barber — acci- 
ileiitally shot off right fore-finger while on guard at Lexington. Kentucky, 
discharged there Marcii. 1863: Uriah Dunn — discliai'ged at t'amn Denni- 
son. Ohio. .June. 1863. disability, now of t^uincy. Iowa: Isaac X. Dalryni- 
))le — wounded and captured at Cleveland. Tennessee. September 18, 1803. 
exchanged March 1, 1865, discharged at Camp Chase, May 31, 1805. now 


of Simpson. Kansas ; Morris Fowler — discliai'ged at fani]) Xelson. Ken- 
tucky. October 11, 1804, disability: Enocb W. ?'oster— discharged at Evans- 
ville. Indiana. May 1, 1865. now of Brimtield. Illinois: John P. Freeman — 
cajjtnred at Cleveland, Tennessee. Se])tember 18. 1803, exchanged March 1. 
18(15. discharged at Sjii'ingtiehl. Illinois. .May 25. 1805, discharged at 
Sijringtield. Illinois. May25. 1S(;5: Washington Garside — captured at Cleve- 
land. Tennesse, Sei)teini)er 18, 18(i;i exchanged March 21. 1864. rejoined 
company near Pine Mountain, Geoi-gia, June 12. 1864, discharged at hos- 
pital in Newark, New Jersey, June 14, 1865, died at Blooniington. Illinois, 
August 16, 1866; Hiram P. (leer — discharged at Lexington, Kentucky. 
Feliruary 10, 1863, now of Rockwell, Iowa ; Stejihen Gudgel — discharged 
at Lexington, Kentucky. April, 1863, reported dead: James Hare — dis- 
charged at Lexington. Kentucky. March, 1863, now of Ten Mile, Colorado; 
Edwin Holmes — wounded and captured at Cleveland. Tennessee. Se])tember 
IS, 1863, exchanged November 27, 1864, discharged at Springfield. Illinois, 
June 17, 1865; William H. Johnson — captured at Cleveland. Tennessee, 
September 18. 1863. exchanged at Wilmington. North Carolina, March 1. 
1865. discliarged at Little York. J'ennsylvania. June 14. 1865. now of ^'al- 
ley Bi-Qok. Kansas: Daniel Kane — captured at Calhoun, Tennessee. Sep- 
tember 26, 1863. jiaroled prisoner of war at Benton Barracks, St. Louis, 
Missouri, rejwrted in Adjutaut General's repoi'ts discliarged June 19, 1865. 
Henry McKilJions — discharged at Lexington, Kentucky, January. 1863, 
died at Denver. Colorado, Februaiy 22. 1882: James Partridge — discharged 
at Quincy, Illinois. July, 1864, .now dead ; Henry Shimp — discharged at 
Lexington, Kentucky. January. 1803: Clark M. Sturtevant — discharged at 
Mt. Sterling, Kentucky. JIarch. 1864, now of Houghton. Washington Ter- 
ritoiT; Nathan D. Steward — discharged at Quincy. Illinois. February 8, 
1865; Dennis Spelman — captured at Cleveland. Tennessee, September 18, 
1863, exchanged March 21. 1864. dischargtyl at general hospital, Benton 
Barracks, St. liouis. Missouri. May 30, 1865, now of Henry, Illinois; Henry 
Staoy — captured at Cleveland. Tennessee. Sciitendjer 18. 1863, escaj)e(l 
from Andcrsouville. May 24. 1864. was taken sick and recaptured, again 
cscajied ami was recaj)tured and attached to a sixty-]>ound ball and cliain 
until exchanged, March 1. 1865. discharged at Springfield. Illinois. ^lay 
26. 1865. now of Lucas, Iowa. 

The soldiers transferi'ed to the vi'teran reserve corps, were : Andrew J. 
Brode. severely wounded at Knoxville, Teun., Nov. 18, 1863 ; transferred 
to V. K. C Marcli 30. 1864. by reason of wounds, and employed as muster- 
ing clei-k : discharged at Louisville. Ky., Aug. 25. 18<i5 : resides at Buda, 
III. Peter Inies, cut off a toe s])litting wood, at Lexington, Ky., Nov. 18, 
1862, and accidently shot himself through wrist at same place. Jan. 15, 1863, 
and was trausferi'ed to V. H. C.:died near Bradford. Eber S. Gsborn. 
transfei-red in 1804: now of Moutpelier, lud. (ieorge W. Scott, transferred 
in |S(;4 : died after the war. and Isaac Sturm, transferred in 1864. 

The troops who were killed or died in the service, were : Captain Jona- 
than C. Dickci'son: enrolled Aug. 13. and mustered out Sept. 20. 1862, 
as first lieutenant : [iromoted to captain April 1(1, to rank from March 31, 
1863 ; commissioned, borne on the rolls and performed the duties of captain 
but was not mustered as such : killed in action at Cleveland, Tenn., Sept. 
IS, 1863 : buried in the Cleveland Cemetery, and a suitable monument erec- 
te[) to his memory by his widow. See Braford Post. (i. A. K. 

Sergeants — John II. Bunnell, mustered in as sergeant ; wouuded neai- 
Dallas, (fa.. ^lay 31. 1S64: left leg amjiutated at Cundierland Hospital. 

:mii.itai;v iiistdkv. 227 

Xasliville. July "■.T, 18(U : ilicil of wuuiuls Aug. Vi, 1864; ruiuuius interred 
ill the Snare C'enietery, March S, 1805. Eli C Jones, mustered in as eor- 
poi-al ; promoted Aini\ 10, 18G3 ; was color-guard in the E. Tenn., cam- 
paign, and color-hearer from April (i, to May U. 180-t ; wounded in action 
at Utoy Creek near Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 0, 18<J4 ; died of wounds at Mari- 
etta, Ga.. Ang. 19, lS(i-t; remains interred at Kewanee. in 18(!r). 

Corporals Ahrani Devo, caj)tured at Cleveland, Tenn., Scjjt. 18, 18(1;!. 
died ill Andersonville Prison, Ga.. July 18, 1864, grave -H7:i. Orlin 
Bevier, mustered in as private ; promoted April 10. lS6:j : caiitured at 
Cleveland. Tenn.. Sept. 18, 1863: died in .Vndersoiiville Prison, (ia., July 
■i-Z, 1804, grave 0519. 

Privates — Kohert Alexander, wounded at Flat Creek Gap, E. 'reiiii., ,Iaii. 
20, 1864: died of wounds at Kuoxville, 'reiin.. May 10, 1804: huried at 
Knoxville, in gnive 78"^. Charles 11. IJarher. wounded at Utoy Creek. Ga., 
Sept. 6, 1804; died of wound at Marietta, (4a.. Sept. 15, 1804 : huried at 
Marietta, in grave 8113, sec. G. Spencer Elstoii, died of disease at Lexing- 
ton, Ky.. Dec. 9. 180"^ ; huried in grave 100. George Ludluin, captured at 
Cleveland, Tenii., Sept. 18, 1803; exchanged Dec. 18. and died Dec. 20, 
1804, at Annapolis, ild. Elias Miller, killed at Franklin, 'reiiii.. Xov. 30. 
1804. Joseph ]{. Phillips, mustei'e<l in Fel). 29, 1864, for three years : died 
of disease at Chattanooga. Tenn.. July 22. 1804 : liuried at Chattanooga, in 
grave 11,320, sect. E. Jeremiah Sargent, died of disease at Lexington. 
Ky., Jan. 17, 18(13 ; luiried there in grave 251. Cyrus Sturm, cajiturcd at 
Cleveland. Tenn.. Sej>t. 18. ISiio : exchanged and rejoined company June 
16, 1804; wounded in action at Utoy Creek, (hi., Aug. 6, 1864: dieil of 
wounds at Xasliville. Tenn.. Feh. 10, 1865. William P, Wilson, died of 
disease at Lexington. Ky., Dec. 9, 18ti2 ; huried in grave 162. 

Privates who deserted were: F^phraiin Gliddcn, deserted at Lexington, 
Ky., January 18. 1803. and moved to Canada. George M. Stone, detailed 
for service in Thaw's Uatterv. and deserted at Lexington, Kv.. F"'ehruarv, 

The recruits transferred to the Sixty-tifth Keginient Illinois \'oliinteer 
Infantry (consolidated) June 2((, 1805, and mustered out at (ireeiisboro, 
X. C, July 13, 18()5, were (ieorge A. Brown, enlisted July 9, mustered in 
ill July 23. 1803, for three years; captured at Cleveland, Tenn.. Septemher 
IS, 1863; exchanged April 10, and rejoined i-omjiuiiy on I'iiie Mt.. tia.. 
June K). 1804; reported •'absent sick "' at muster-out of Sixty-tifth Illinois.; 
now of X^ortli Ijewishiirg, 0. Michael Dardis, enlisted and iinistered in 
January 24, 1805. Jlelvin Cage, enlisted l-'ebruary 29, mustered in ilarcli 

I, 1804, for three years; slightly wounded in action at I'toy (^'reek, Ca.. 
August 6, 1864. William .1. Laiuper. enlisted March 2s. mustered in May 
24. 1804; resides at Laramie City. Wy. T. John Lee. enlisted March 11. 
mustered in March 13, 1805. for one year; reported ••al>sent sick" at 
muster-out of Sixty-fifth Illinois. Solomon Leighton. enlisted and 
mustered in March 13, 1805, for one ycai-; now of Carhon. Iowa. Isaac 
Luce, enlisted and mustered in March 13, 1805, for one year. 

(Company D. — Sergt. Sanfcinl L. Ives, enlisted July 2, 1802, accidentally 
wounded in .June. 1803: transferred to V. K. C. .lanuary 1. 1804; dis- 
charged for disahility at Rock Island, X'ovemher 1. 1864. Whittield I). 
Matthews, .served from August 11. 1862; was discharged at ^'oi'k. Pa.. .Inly 

II, 18(i5: is now a resident of F^lniwood. Privates: Ijcmuel F. Mathews, 
enlisted August 12. 1862, was wounded at Uesaca in May. 1804. discharged for 
wounds August 20, 1804. Ilirani Newton, of Goshen, enlisted in 1802: 


wounded in (Jeorgia. June 2, 18G4. Steplien 'ralbott, enlisted in April, 
lSf)4; transferred to Sixty-fifth Regiment; sick at muster-out; now resides 
at Cambridge, 111. 

Company E was enrolled at Wyoming and organized August 12, 1862. 
The date of all enlistments, not otherwise stated, and date of muster into 
the United .States service was September 20. 18(12. Tliere were mustered 
out with the company, June 20, 1865. the following-named otiirers and 
men: Captain Sylvester F. Otman, enrolled August 11, and mustered in 
September 20, 1862, as captain ; commanded the regiment on the march 
from Knoxville, Tenn., to Mt. Sterling, Ky., in February, 1864, and also 
commanded after Lieut. Colonel Bond was wounded in the battle of Frank- 
lin. Tenn., and in the tuo days' battle of Nashville, and until January 14, 
186.0; was Acting Assistant Inspector General of 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 
23d Corps, Army of the Ohio, on Gen. Henderson's statf, from January 30. 
1865, until mustered out. First Lieut. Cranmer W. Brown, mustered in 
September 20, 1862, as First Lieutenant, Acting Adjutant of the regiment 
from Nov. 24. 1863, to March 7, 1864; was offered the adjutancy perma- 
nently, but declined it: commanded the company from November 30. 1864, 
until mustered out. First Sergeant Henry (Jraves, mustered in as sergeant, 
promoted April 1. 1863, commissioned second lieutenant June 15, 1865, 
l)ut not mustei'ed; was wounded near Philadelphia, E. Tenn., October 2(i, 
1863, and again at L^toy creek, August 6, 1864; now of Oakland, la. 

Sergeants: Peter JNI. Swords, mustered in as corporal, promoted April 1. 
1863; died in April, 1867. James D. Bloomer, mustered in as private: pro- 
moted to corporal Noveml)er 10, 1863; to sergeant April 1. 1864; now of 
Hebron, Neb. Michael Hire, promoted to corporal October 31, 1862; to 
sergeant November 10, 1864; now of Baraboo, Wis. 

Corporals — Douglas M. Crone, promoted April 1, 1863: now of 
Wyoming. Cyrus C. Snare, enlisted August 14, 1862: promoted April 1, 
1864: wounded in action at Kesaca, Ga., May 14, 1864; now of Delavaii. 
^linn. Sidney D. ]'>utler, promoted November 19, 1864; wounded at 
IJesaca, (ia.. ]May 14. 1864. and again at Utoy Creek. August 6. 1864: now 
of Essex. la. John Oldaker. promoted December 25. 1864; wounded at 
Knoxville, Tenn., November 17. 1863; was seven months in hosjiital; re- 
sides in Cherokee Co., la. Andrew J. Fautz. promoted; captured at Park's 
Ferry, on the Holston River, East Tennessee, November Ki, 1863; exchanged 
and rejoined company in the summer of 1864. Ananias Timmons, pro- 
moted. David S. Miller, promoted; is reported deceased. Charles H. 
Hall, enlisted August 14, 1862: promoted corporal. 

The private troops mustered out wei'e: Timothy liailey, mustered in as 
corporal: reduced October 31, 1862, at his own request; now of Bay Center, 
W. Ter. Gershoni A. Bunnell, now of Osceola, la. James E. liush, re- 
sides at Beatrice, Neb. Flijali Cox, enlisted August 20. 1862; now of 
Odell. Xeb. Absalom J. Cooper, enlisted August 13, 1S62. now of Mai'oa. 
111. .lohn Dawson, now of Stark Station. Newton Dolisoii. now nf .Milo. 
la. Wallace W. Emanuel, enlisted August 21. 1862. now of Crawfords- 
ville. Ind. Eugene Hunt, now of Kewanee. A\'illiam Holgate. enlisted 
August 13, 1862: captured at Park's Ferry, on the Holston River, East 
Tennessee, November 16, 1862; exchanged at City Point, \'a.. April 15, 
1864 : I'ejoined the company near Atlanta, Ga,, July 28, 1864 ; was 
wounded in action at Ftoy Creek, Ga., August 6, 1864 ; absent by 
reason of wounds until December 1. 1864. when rejoined company at 
Nashville, Tenn. Curwin A. McCoy, .lonas Stronburg. enlisted August 


13, l.Sn:2: wounded at TJtoy Creek, Ga., August (>. isr,4. Heiirv Soper, 
enlisted August 13, 1863; died September 9. 1878. Philip M. Trapp, en- 
listed August 14, 1802; now of Palmyra, Neb. Josiah P. Umbaugh, of 
Ottumwa, la., and Ancil H. Woodcock, of Wyoming. 

The following were absent at muster out: Jonathan Graves, captured at 
Park's Ferry, East Tennesse, November 1(5. 1863, escaped from rebel 
prison at Florence, S. C, in February, 1863. and entered the Union 
lines at Newbern, N. 0. ; discharged at Chicago, 111., .July 10, 1865; resides 
at Quitman, Mo. Stephen W. Green, captured at Park's Ferry, East 
Tennessee, November 16, 18G3; exchanged in February, 1865; discharged 
at Sjiriuglield. III., July 7, 1865; now of Pauora, la. David Kerns, cap- 
tiii-cd at I'ark's Ferry, East Tennessee, November 16, 1863; exchanged at 
Aiken's Landing, Va., in February 18G5; discharged at Springfield, 111., 
July 7. 1865; now of Plainville, Kan. Calvin B. Lashells, enlisted August 
"Z'i, 1862; on detached service in General Hospital at Lexington, Ky. ; now 
of Biggs, California. AVilliam J. Morgan, enlisted August 13, 1863; re- 
ported '■•absent sick." William H. Morgan, enlisted August 13, 1863; 
captured at Park's Ferry, East Tennessee, November 16, 1863; exchanged 
March 1, 1865; discharged at Springfield, 111., July 1, 1885. George W. 
Nicholas, captured at Park's Ferry. East Tennessee, November 16, 1863; 
escaped near Wilmington. N. C. February 33, 1865; discharged at Spring- 
field III., July 1, 1865: now of Quitman, ilo. Joseph Sparks, enlisted 
August 13, 1863; wounded in action at Kelly's Ford, on the French Broad 
Eiver, East Tennessee, January 3S, 1864, and again at Utoy Creek, Ga., 
August 6, 1864; discharged at Quincy, 111., .June 33, 1865; died in Har- 
rison county. Mo. 

The troops previously discharged were: First Sergeant Henry J. Ot- 
mau; discharged at Lexington, Ky, April 1, 1863, by reason of disability; 
killed by his team running away at Tonlon, in January, 1867. Sergeants — 
John E. Gharrett, enlisted August 13, 1863, wounded at Knoxville, Tenn., 
November 18, 1863: discharged in March 1864, to accejit commission as 
Captain in First Eegt. IT. S. Heavy Artillery, now of Missoula, Mon. Ter. : 
.John B. Pettit, mustered in as corporal: jjromoted April 1, 1863; dis- 
charged at Springfield, 111., February 17, 1865: now of Blair, Neb.; Carey 
G. Colburn, mustered in as corjjoral. promoted August, 1863; captured at 
Athens, Tenn., September 37, '1863; exchanged March 1, 1865; discharged at 
Springfield, 111., May 31, 186.5. 

Corporals — James B. Blackmore; discharged at Knoxville, Tenn., May 
17, 1865; now of Spring Hill, Kan. David, discharged at Spring- 
field, 111.. October 39, 1864; now of Irwin, Mo., and Wagoner John D. 
Martin, discharged at Springfield, 111., May 39, 1865; now of Page Center, 

The private troojis absent at muster out were : Michael Alderman, dis- 
charged at Lexington, Ky. , January 15, 1863: now of Duncan. Alfred 
B. Armstrong, enlisted August 23, 1863; discharged at Lexington, Ky., 
January 31, 1863. Jerry H. Bailey, captured at Danville, Ky., while sick 
in hospital, March 33. 1863; paroled, and afterward cxchajigecl: wounded 
at Eesaca. Ga. . Mav 14, 1864; discharged at St. Louis, Mo.. January 4, 
1865. William T. "Carter, discharged ""at David's Island, N.Y.. May 31, 
1865; now of Eome, 111. William Colwell, discharged at Lexington, Ky., 
April 18, 1863; died one week after his return home. William A. Ellis, 
discharged at Lexington, Ky., Jannary 33, 1863; now of Odell, Neb. 
Shepard Green, discharged at Camp Butler, 111., May 13, 1865; now of 



Orient, Iowa. John Harvev, discliarojed at Camp Nelson. Ky.. September 
19, 1864. Charles W. Hart, enlisted August 15. 1863; captured at Park's 
Ferry. East Tenn.. November IG. 1803; exchanged March 1, 1865: dis- 
charged at Springfield. 111.. June 5. 1865. Kilev Maranville. wounded at 
Mud Creek. Ga.. June 17, 18G-1; discharged May 30, 1865. John McCoy, 
discharged at Camp Nelson, Ky., April 22, 1864. Sylvester H. Stofer, 
wounded at Harrodsburg, Ky.. July 20, 1863: discharged at Camp Nelson. 
Ky., November, 1863. Thaddeus S. Thurston, wounded at Resaca, Ga., 
May 14, 1864; discharged at Quiucy, 111., December 16, 1864; died in 
Harrison county. Mo. 

The troops transferred from this company were: Second-Lieutenant 
Elmer A. Sage, enrolled August 12, 1862, and mustered in as second-lieu- 
tenant: absent from regiment from June. 1864 to May, 1865; transferred 
to Clompany F, Sixty-fifth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry (con- 
solidated). June 20, 1865. and promoted first-lieutenant: niustered out at 
Greensboro. N. C, July 13, 1865. Joel C!ox, transferred to V. R. C. ; died 
in Cass county. Neb., since the war. llavid Dawson, transferred to V. R. C, 
September 11, 1863; discharged in June, 1865; died at Davton. Iowa. 
October 9, 1884. 

The troops who were killed or died in the sei'vice are named as follows: 
Sergeants — Solomon Dixon, caiDtured at Park's Ferry, E. Tenn., Novem- 
ber 16, 1863; died in rebel prison at Richmond, Va., March 1. 1864. 
Charles B. Hitchcock, killed in action at Utoy Creek, Ga. ; August 6, 1864: 
remains removed to ilarietta. Ga. ; grave 5,307, in section F. 

Corporals — William G. Wilkinson, died at Lexington, Ky. . November 
8, 1862: remains sent liome for burial by the comjjany. William W. 
McMillen. captured at Athens. Tenn., September 27, 1863; died in rebel 
prison at Andersonville, Ga., May 24, 1864. No. of grave 1,337. 

The privates were: David Barrett, died at Lexington, Ky. . February 7, 
1863; buried in Lexington cemetery; grave 239. William B. Barr. cap- 
tured at Park's Ferry, E. Tenn., November 10, 1863; died in rebel prison 
at Anderson\ille, April 13, 1864; grave 526. John Cole, caj)tured at Park's 
Ferry, E. Tenn., November 16, 1863; died in rebel prison at Andersonville, 
April 2, 1864; grave 300. Thomas Colwell, died at Lexington. Ky., of 
typhoid pneumonia, January 9, 1863; buried in Lexington cemetery: grave 
204. Charles B. Davis, captured at Park's Ferry, E. Tenn., November 16. 
1863; died in rebel prison at Andersonville, September 12, 1804; grave 
8,553. James Elston, enlisted August 13. 1»62: captured at Park's Ferry, 
E. Tenn., November 16, 1863: died in Andersonville prison, June 21, 
1864; grave 2,249. Whitfield Evans, captured in Kentucky in the sum- 
mer of 1863, and paroled ; parole not recognized, and returned to 
his comjiany for duty, recaptured at Athens. Tenn., September 27, 1863, 
and fearing he might be accused of having violated his former parole, 
gave the name of ■'• John Robinson," and was known b\' the rebels by tliat 
name, died in rebel prison at Danville, ^'a,, March 21, 1864, and his death re- 
corded as that of John Robinson, buried at Danville, grave 640. Noah Fautz. 
captured at Park's Ferry, E. Tenn., November 10, 1863; Adjutant General re- 
ports him as having died in rebel prison at Andersonville, Ajjril 18, 1804: 
the Superintendent of National Cemetery at Andersonville rejiorts that lie 
cannot find this name on prison I'ecords; he reports " Thomas Jones of 
Company E. one-hundred-and-twclftli Illinois — died April 20, 1864, No. 
of grave 044:"' as tlicre was no " 'I'honias Jones " in the regiment it may 
be that Fautz assuuu'il the nauie of Jones when captured, and that No. 644 


is his grave. Madiras Hoover, died at Lexiiigtou. Ky., April, 1863; buried 
in Lexington cemetery, grave 382. William Herridge, enlisted August 19, 
1862; mortally wounded by explosion of gunpowder at Lebanon, Ky., July 
9, 1863; died July 1.5. 1863, and buried at Lebanon; grave 175. George 0. 
Marlatt, enlisted August 1-1, 1862; captured at Park's Ferry, E. Tenn., 
November 16, 1863; reported as liaving died in rebel prison at Richmond, 
February 18, 1864; but the sujierintendent of the national cemetery at 
Richmond reports that he can not find this name on the prison records. 
Simon Ray, enlisted August 20, 1862, captured at Park's Peri-y, E. Ten- 
nessee, Xovember 16, 18153; died in rebel prison at Richmond, Va., April 
12, 1864. James Ray, captured at Park's Ferry, E. Tennessee, Xovember 
16, 1863; died in rebel prison at Richmond, Va., March 11, 1864. 
William Ray, captnred at Park's Ferry, E. Tenn., Nov. 16, 1863; 
exchanged and died a few days after in hospital at Baltimore, Md. , 
June 30, 1864. John W. Ratcliffe, died of tyj)boid fever at Lexing- 
ton, Ky., January 7, 1863; buried in Lexington cemetery; grave 203. 
William E. L. Smith, died at Lexington, Ky., November 22, 1862; buried 
in Lexington cemetery; grave 114; Michael Springer, captnred at Park's 
Ferry, E. Tenn., November 16, 1863; died in Andersonville prison, Jnne 
6, 1864; grave 1,667. John D. Swaim, enlisted August 14, 1862; cap- 
tured at Park's Ferry, E. Tenn., November 16. 1863; died in prison at 
Richmond, Ya.. March 7, 1864. Francis M. Sollars, mustered in March 
31, 1864, for three years; died at Springfield, 111.. Jnne, 18, 1864. David 
P. Wandling. shot through hips at Knoxville, Tenn., November 17, 1863, 
died next day; remains removed to Knoxville, February 1, 1864; grave 
451. Russell White, died at Lexington, Ky., December 7, 1862; buried in 
Lexington cemetery; grave 166. 

The deserters were Musician William Cassett, enlisted August 15, 1862; 
deserted at Danville, Ky., July 15, 1863. Private Henry Greenewald; de- 
serted while on detached duty in government blacksmith shop at Lex- 
ington, Ky., in May 1863. Frank Pross and Lewis Hiback, deserted at 
Danville, Ky., duly 15, 1863. 

The recruits transferred to Comauy F, Sixty-fifth Regiment, Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry (consolidated), Jnne 20, 1865, and mnstered out at 
Greensboro, N. C, July 13, 1865. were William W. Copley, mustered in 
.lanuary 24, 1865; reported " absent sick " at muster-out of Sixty-fifth, now 
of Walnut, Iowa. Daniel Colbran. mustered in January 24, 1865, now of 
Aledo, 111. Gordon H. Edgerton, mustered in January 24, 1865; reported 
" absent sick "at muster-out of Sixty-fifth, now of Ayr, Neb. James L. Fox, 
mnstered in March 21, 1864. Morris C. Lampsou', mustered in December 
24, 1863; wounded at Flat Creek, in E. Tenn., January 26, 1864; reported 
•' absent " at muster-out of Sixty-fifth, disappeared from his home at Wyom- 
ing, 111., several years ago, and not since heard from. Adam Rusli, George 
Rush, and Jacob Stoves, mustered in March 21, 1864. James M. Taskett, 
mustered in April 28. 1S64, now of Pulaska, la. Anson Tanner, mustered 
in April, 25, 1864: was frozen to death in 1871. 

Company F was enrolled at Toulon in August, 1862. and organized 
August 15, 1862. The date of all enlistments not otherwise stated is 
August, 15, 1862, and date of muster into the United States service, Sep- 
tember 20, 1862. Of those present and mustered out with the company, 
June 20, 1865, the following is the record; Captain James G. Armstrong, 
enlisted August 22, and mnstered in September 20, 1862, as first sergeant; 
promoted to second-lieutenant March 10, to rank from March 5, 1863; to 


first-lieuteuant August 5, to rank froui June 16, 1863, and to captain Sep- 
tember 14, to rank from June 34, 1864: A. A. Q. M. of Second Brigade 
First Division Cavalr\' Corps, Army of Ohio, from March 5 to April 8, 1864. 
He and two of liis sons were killed by lightning in Greene county, Iowa, 
August 31, 1881. First-Lieutenant Bushrod Tapp, enlisted August 11, 

1862, and mustered in as sergeant; promoted to first-sergeant April 1, 1864, 
and to first-lieutenant December 10. to rank from June 34, 1864; wounded 
at Bean's Station. E. Tenn., December 16, 1863, and at Kelly's Ford, on 
the French Broad river, E. Tenn., January 28, 1864. First-Sergeant 
Henry B. Ferry, enlisted August 23, 1862. and was mustei'cd in as corpo- 
ral; promoted "to sergeant March 10, 1863, and to first-sergeant January 1, 
1865; commissioned second-lieutenant June 15, 1865, but not mustered. 

Sergeant Andrew Harty, mustered in as private, promoted to corporal 
August 5, 1863, and to sergeant September 1, 1864; wounded near Phila- 
delphia, Tenn., October 36, 1863. James R. Gelvin, enlisted August 14, 

1863, and mustered in as private; promoted to corporal February 36, 1864, 
and to .sergeant Seiitember 1, 1864; wounded at Knoxville, Tenn., Novem- 
ber 18, 1863. William P. Ballentine, enlisted August 14, 1863, promoted 
corporal April 1, 1864, and sergeant Jiinuary 1, 1865; was injured on the 
road home after muster-out — standing on a car as the train passed uiuler a 
low bridge, his head struck the lu-idge — near York. Penn.; was left in 
hospital at Harrisburg, but recovered and retui-ned home, now of Kansas. 
William H. E!v, in-omoted to sergeant Sejrtember 1, 1864; now of Webster 
City, la. 

"Cori)orals — Levi Silliman. enlisted August 13, 1862; wounded at 
Eesaca, Ga., :\ray 14, 1864. Milton Trickle, enlisted August 14, 1863; 
now of Atkinson, 111. James E. Finley. promoted February 26, 18 64; 
wounded near Atlanta, Ga.. July 21, 1864; now of Perry, la. George G. 
Stone, promoted September 1. 1864; wounded at Knoxville, Tenn., No- 
vember 18, 1863, and again at Resaca, Ga.. May 14, 1864; now of Plain- 
view, Neb. James Hughes, promoted September 1, 1864; now of Spear- 
ville, Kan. Andrew Kamerer, promoted September 1, 1864; captured on 
the Saunders raid at Knoxville, Tenn., June 20, 1863: paroled at Rich- 
mond, Va. . July 11; exchanged Sejitember 10, and rejoined the company 
at Bean's Station. E. Tenn., "December 14, 1863. Samuel ^M. Adams, en- 
listed August 14, 1863; promoted January 1, 1865. Jacob Vulgainott, en- 
listed August 19, 1862; promoted June 1, 1865: now of Denver. Col. 

The private troops mustered out were : Henry C. Ackley, captured 
near Winchester, Ky., February 23, 1863; paroled February 24; exchanged 
September 10, and rejoined the company at Bean's Station, E. Tenn., De- 
cember 14, 1863; now of Gilman. la. Alfred C. Ballentine, enlisted 
August 22, 1862; wounded at Knoxville, Tenn., November 18, 1863; now 
of Eugene, Ta. George Boyd, enlisted August 13, 1862; resides at Grafton, 
Neb. Edwin Butler, enlisted August 11, 1863; mustered in as sergeant; 
prompted to first-sergeant August 5. 1863; detailed to work on the 
••Athens Union Post," Tenn., and when tiie Fniou troops retreated 
was captured, on the night of September 36. 18i)3 : reduced to the 
ranks April 1. 1864, while a prisoner of war. without cause or excuse, ex- 
cept to create a vacancy for the appointment of another first sergeant. 
Samuel M. Eldridge, enlisted August 11, 1863; detailed as postmaster Oc- 
tober 3, 1863, and served as postmaster of the regiment or brigade until 
mustered out: resides at Galva, la. John D, Essex, now of Valparaiso, 
Neb. Milton Headley, enlisted August 13, 1863. James P. Headley, en- 

Mii.rj'ARY ms-iouv, 2IJ.'> 

listed August 14, 1862; detailerl as musician, and was a member of the 
regimental liaud from its organization until mustered out. William 
Himes, enlisted August 14, 1863; wounded at Utoy creek, Ga., August 6, 
1864; resides at Lewis, la. Austin 0. Himes, enlisted August 14, 1862. 
Peter C. Johnson, enlisted in Company F, but mustered in as of Company 
H; transferred back to Company F, November 1, 1862; now of Hinsdale, 
HI. George AV. Johnson, wounded at Utoy creek, Ga., August 6, 1864. 
Timothy Kenely, enlisted August 12, 1862; reported dead. Royal Laff- 
erty, now of Emporia, Kan. Job C. Mahaffey, enlisted August 14, 1862; 
woimded at Kelly's Ford, E. Tenn., January 28, 1864; now of Henderson, 
111. Eobert Makings, enlisted August 21, 1862; died at West Jersey, De- 
cember 15, 1873. Theodore McDaniel, enlisted August 22, 1862. Charles 
McComse}', enlisted August 11, 1862, in Com2)any F, but mustered in as 
of Company H; transferred back to Company F, Koveniber 1, 1862. 
Hiram G. Parrish, enlisted August 22, 1862; on detached duty as teamster 
in Twenty-third Corps train from February 1, 1864, until mustered out; 
now of Afton, la. Jacob Stauffer, enlisted August 14, 1862; now of East 
Lynne, Mo. Frank A. Stone, enlisted August 11, 1862, in Company F, 
but mustered in as of Company H; transferred to Company F, November 
1, 1862; resides at Westboro, Mass. Ephraim W. Smith, on detached ser- 
vice in division commissary department; enemy attacked herd of cattle in 
his charge, at Thomjison's .Station, Tenn., November 30, 1864, killed his 
horse, and captured fifty head of cattle. Ira Scranton, on detached service, 
as teamster in Twenty-third Corps train, from September 19, 1864, until 
mustered out. Presley Tyrrell, enlisted August 22, 1862. Benjamin W. 
Todd, enlisted August 22, 1862; uow of Ida Grove, la. William Vulga- 
mott, now of Burlington Junction, Mo. David Webster, enlisted August 
14, 1862. 

The members absent at muster out were James McSherrj-, enlisted 
Augi;st 19, 1862; captured at Columbia, Tenn., November 30, 1864; pa- 
roled April 15, 1865; discharged at St. Louis, Mo., June 20, 1865. Zarali 
U. Newton, captured, while driving ambulance, near Pine Mountain, Ga., 
June 6, 1864; paroled prisoner of war at St. Louis, Mo.; not exchanged: 
discharged at St. Louis, July 15, 1865; uow of Yolo, Cal. B. Taylor, 
enlisted August 22, 1862, in Company F, but mustered in as of Company 
H; transferred to Company F, November 1, 1862; captured at Columbia, 
Tenn., November 30, 1864; paroled Aj)ril 15, 1865; not exchanged; dis- 
charged at St. Louis, Mo., June 20, 1865. 

The troops previously discharged were First-lieutenant Jackson Lor- 
ance, enrolled August 11, and mustered in September 20, 1862,' as first- 
lieutenant; resigned at Le.xington, Ky., March 5, 1863; resides at Burling- 
ton Junction, Mo. Second-lieutenant George C. Maxtield, mustered in as 
sergeant; jjromoted first-sergeant !ilarch 10, 1863, and to second-lieutenant 
August 5th, to rank from June 16, 1863; wounded at Knoxville, Tenn., 
November 18, 1863; resigned at Decatur, Ga., September 11, 1864; i-esides 
at Fairmont, Neb. 

Sergeant John F. Rhodes, enlisted August 13, 1862, and mustered in as 
corjioral: promoted February 26, 1864; wounded in action at Resaca. Ga., 
May 14,'l864; discharged at Chicago, 111., July 28, 1864. 

Corporals William Rounds, enlisted August 14, 1862; discharged at 
Camp Nelson, Ky., May 18, 1864; died here in 1873. David Tinlin, en- 
listed August 22, 1862; ijromoted March 10, 1863; discharged at Lexington, 
Ky., May 24, 1865. 


Privates — William H. Barton, enlisted August 14, 1862; woinided at 
Eesaca, Oa., May 14, 1804: discliarg-ed at Quiuc}', 111., February 24, 1865; 
now of VValkerville, la. William Bovd, enlisted August 14, 1862; discharged 
at Beaufort, N. C; May 29, 1865; died at Toulou, May 7, 1875. Nathaniel 
Crabtree, wounded at Knoxville, Tenn., November 18, 1863; left leg ampu- 
tated; discharged at Chicago, July 23, 1864. James N. Uavison, discharged 
at Lexington, Ky., January 12, 1863, now of Corydon, la. Henry Garner, 
enlisted August 14, 1862; discharged at Lexington, Ky., January 12, 1863; 
now of Unionville, Mo. George Graen, enlisted August 11, 1862; absent, 
sick, from December 12, 1864; discharged at Chester, Pa., June 2, 1865. 
William H. Harris, absent, sick at Camja Nelson, Ky., from April 17, 1864; 
discharged May 20, 1865; married and remained in Kentucky; now of Mil- 
ledgeville, Ky. Josiah Miner, enlisted August 19, 1862; on detached ser- 
vice from July 28, 1864; was discharged June 12, 18ti5. William B. Price, 
discharged at Lexington, Ky. , January 13, 1863; resides at Spirit Lake, la. 
Thomas Proctor, enlisted August 11, 1862; discharged at Camp Nelson, 
Kentucky, Seiitember 20, 1864; died at Davenport, la. Robert G. Stowe, 
enlisted August 11, 1862; discharged at Cincinnati, 0., November, 1862; 
now of Shenandoah, la. William A. >Stowe, enlisted August 11, 1862; 
M'ounded at Utoy Creek, Ga., August 6, 1864; discharged at St. Loui.s, Mo., 
April 9, 1865; died at Beaver City, Neb., May 1, 1864. William T. Shore, 
mustered in June 6, 1863; discharged at Knoxville, Tenn., May 13, 1865; 
now of Tarkio, la. Henry S. Stone, enlisted August 22, 1862, in Company 
F., but mustered in as of Comjaaiiy H.; transferred to Comijany F. Novem- 
ber 1, 1862; wounded at Franklin, Tenn., November 30, 1864; right arm 
amputated; discliarged at Chicago, 111., March 5, 1865; now of Eej^ublic 
City, Kan. Carlos B. Thorpe, enlisted August 11, 1862, in Company F., 
mustered in as of Comjiany H. ; transferred to Company F. November 1, 1862; 
discharged at Lexington, Ky., March, 1863; died at Perry, la., April 3, 
1885. Curtis Wright, enlisted August 13, 1862; on detached service in 
commissary department, at Knoxville, Tenn., from May 11, 1864; dis- 
charged at Knoxville, June 17, 1865; resides at Connersville, Ind. Olof 
N. Youngquist, enlisted in Comijauy F., but mustered in as of Company 
H.; transferred to Company F. November 1, 1862; discharged in hosijital, 
at Quincy, 111., May 5, 1865. 

The men transferred to veteran reserve corps were : Darius Demuth, 
enlisted August 12, 1862; transferred at Camp N^elson, Ky., August 30. 
1863; discharged at Madison, Wis., July 5, 1865. George Ely, enlisted 
August 11, 1862; transferred September 11, 1863; discharged at Madison. 
Wis., Ju}y 5, 1865; now of Webster City, la. Havilah B. Johnson, enlisted 
August 11. 1862; transferred April 30. 1864; discharged at Lexington, Ky., 
May 17, 1865: died at Peoria, 111., October 26, 1881: buried at Toulo'n. 
Jesse Likens, transferred September 11, 1863; discharged at Camp Nelson, 
Kentucky, November 17, 1864: now of Eolla, Mo. George Rockwell, en- 
listed August 20, 1862; absent, sick at Knoxville, Tenn., since Jlay 7, 1864, 
and transferred; discharged at Knoxville, July 12, 1865; killed in Nebraska 
since the war. 

The record of men who were killed or died in the service is as follows: 
Captain William W. Wright, enrolled August 13, 1862, was elected First 
Lieutenant of Company F; when Captain Henderson was elected Colonel 
of the regiment, he was elected and mustered in September 20, 1862, as 
Captain; was wounded in the battle of Resaca, Ga., May 14, 1864, right 
arm amputated at tlie shoulder, and died of wounds at Nashville, Tenn., 

JtH.lTAKV HISTdln'. 235 

June 34, 1804: his reiiiaiii.s wei'o brought home iind iuterreil in tlie cemetery 
at Toulon, and in his honor the Post tliere is named. 

li'irst Lieutenant Robert E. Westfall enrolled August 15, and mustered 
in September 20, 1802, as Second Lieutenant; promoted March 10, to rank 
from March 5, 1803; died at Somerset, Ky., June 10, 1803 — the first death 
of a commissioned officer in the regiment; his remains brought home and 
interred in the cemetery at Wyoming. 

Sergeants — William P. Finley, killed at Knoxville, Tenn., November 
IS, 1803; left on the field and buried by the enemy. John H. Lane, en- 
listed August 11, and mustered in as Corjiural October 7, 18G2 — sick when 
comjjany mustered in; promoted August 5, 1803; killed at Utoy creek, Ga. , 
August 0, 1804; remains interred at Marietta, Ga., grave 5,317, in section 
F. Andrew G. Pike mustered in as Corporal; promoted April 1, 1804; 
killed in action at Utoy creek, Ga., August G, 1804; remains interred at 
Marietta, Ga., grave 5,318, in section F. 

C'orjjorals — William 0. Bell enlisted August 11, 1862; killed at Knox- 
ville, Tenn., November 18, 1803; buried at Knoxville, grave 450. Robert 
M. Dewey enlisted August 22, 1802: promoted January 1, 18C4; killed at 
Utoy creek, Ga., August 0, 1804; remains interred at Marietta, Ga., grave 
5,304, in section F. 

The record of casualties among private troojis is as follows: John L. 
Adams enlisted August 14, 1862; died of tyjjlioid fever at Lexington, Ky., 
December 17, 1862; remains buried at Toulon. Elmore Barnhill, wounded 
at Knoxville, Tenn., November 18, 1803 — right arm amjjutated; died of 
wound at Knoxville, January 2, 1804; buried at Knoxville, grave 354. 
"William M. Creighton enlisted August 22, 1862; died of heart disease at 
Lexington, Ky., February 14, 1863; buried in the Lexington cemetery, 
grave 277. John W. Curfman enlisted August 22, 1862; wounded at Knox- 
ville, Tenn., November 18, 1863; mortally wounded and left on the field at 
Franklin, Tenn., November 30, 1864; died of wounds in rebel hospital at 
Franklin December 10, 1864. James Essex, wounded at Knoxville, Tenn., 
November IS, 1863; mortally wounded at Utoy creek, Ga., August 6, 1804; 
died in tield hosf)ital August 7, 1804; remains interred at Marietta, Ga., 
grave 5,300, section F. William T, Essex enlisted August 14, 1802; 
wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 14, 1864; died of wounds at Springfield, 111., 
September 18, 1864: buried at C'amp Butler, grave 534. Glaus Forss en- 
listed August 11. 1862; mortally wounded at Knoxville, Tenn., November 

18, 1803, and left on the field; died in the hands of the enemy November 

19, 1863. Henry C. Hall enlisted and mustered in February 1, 1864, for 
three yeai's; wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 14, 1864; died of wounds in hos- 
pital at Chattanooga, Tenn., May 24, 1804; buried at Chattanooga, grave 
12,294, in section D. Joseph Hoppock enlisted August 22, 1862; captured 
at Bean's Station, E. Tenn., December 14, 1863; died at Andersonville, Ga., 
July 15, 1804, grave 3,255. John Kendall enlisted Aug. 13, 1802; killed at 
Knoxville, Tenn., November 18, 1803, buried by the enemy, remains re- 
covered and interred in the National Cemetery at Knoxville, as ''John 
Kimball " of Company E, One Hundred and Twelfth Illinois. Number 
of grave 442. Onier Leek, enlisted February 14, 1803, was ordered on 
duty at Lexington, by provost marshal, and died there of measles, April 2, 
1863, buried in Lexington Cemetery, grave 341. George Miller, enlisted 
August 13, 1802, died of typhoid fever at Lexington, Ky., November 26, 
1802, buried in Lexington Cemetery ; grave 120. Jeremiah D. Madden, en- 
listed August 22, 1802, died at Knoxville, Tenn., March 4,1804, buried at 


Knoxville ; grave 491. Isaac Messenger, enlisted August 11, 186,2, wounded 
at Utoy Creek, Ga., August G, 18G-4, died of wounds at Marietta, Ga. ; 
September 3, 1864, buried there; grave 1,016 Sect.G. John P. Negus, died 
in hospital at Cincinnati, Ohio, October 17, 1862 — the first death in the 
regiment. George W. Oziah — died in Lexington, Ky., March 14, 1863, 
buried in Lexington Cemetery; grave 231. George W. Rhodes, enlisted 
August 13, 1862, captured near Winchester, Ky., February 23, 1863, pa- 
roled February 24, and sent to Parole Camp at St. Louis, Mo., exchanged 
September 10, and rejoined company at Bean's Station, E. Tenn., Decem- 
ber 14, 1863, killed at Utoy Creek, August 6, 1864, remains interred at 
Marietta, Ga.; grave 5,305, in Section F. Aaron Ridle, enlisted in Com- 
pany F, mustered in as of Comjiany H, transferred to Company F, No- 
vember 1, 1862, wounded and missing in action at Knoxville, Tenn., No- 
vember 18, 1863, died in the hands of the enemy. Thomas T. White, en- 
listed August 14, 1862, drowned crossing Clinch river, on the Saunders 
Raid in East Tennessee, June 18, 1863. John W. Whitten, enlisted 
August 22, 1862, mortally wounded near Atlanta, Ga., August 7, and died 
in Field Hosijital, August 9, 1864, remains interred at Marietta, Ga. ; grave 
9,852, Section J. ' 

The deserters were: Daniel Haselton, enlisted August 31, 1862, went 
to New Jersey — his native State — from Milledgeville, Ky., April 19, 1863, 
on a thirty days' furlough, and never returned. Milton StejDhens, deserted 
in the face of the enemv, with his arms and accoutrements, at Resaca, Ga., 
May 14, 1864. 

Other records of i:>rivate troops are thus given. — Recruits, transferred 
to Company F, Sixty-fifth Illinois Volunteers (consolidated), June 20, 
1865, and mustered out at Greensboro, N. C, July 13, 1865 : Jose])h H. 
Burwick, enlisted November 17, mustered in November 27, 1863. Zach- 
ariah T. Brown, enlisted and mustered in January 17, 1865, for one year, 
now of Peoria, 111. Luther Graham, enlisted November 21, mustered in No- 
vember 27, 1863. William J. Hamilton, enlisted February 10, mustered 
in June 6, 1863, absent, sick at AVashington, D. C, discharged at Mower 
U. S. Hospital July 1, 1865. Martin Hickman, enlisted April 1, mustered 
in June 6, 1863. Jacob W. McDaniel, enlisted March 28, mustered in 
April 28, 1864. Thomas Patterson, enlisted and mustered in December 2, 
1863. George W. Pate, enlisted and mustered in December 4, 1863, Mc- 
Cook, Red Willow County, Neb. Elisha E. Taylor, enlisted and mustered 
in March 23, 1864, injured in side unloading rations from railroad car at 
Greensboro, N. C, June 18, 1864, of Camden, Minn. 

The recapitulation of roster and record of this company presents the 
following figures : Mustered out with the company, 43; absent, 3; jareviously 
discharged, 22; transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps, 5; killed and died 
in the service, 27; deserted, 2; recruits transferred to the Sixty-fifth Illi- 
nois, 9; or a total of 110. 

In Com]>any G of the One Hundred and Twelftli were : Sergeant 
Edward P. Wright, enlisted August 12, 1862; wounded at Nashville, 
Tenn., in December, 1864; now a resident of Ringgold county, Iowa. 
Sergeant Ira G. Foster served from August 14, 1862, to muster-out, 
dating his promotion from February, ISOy. Joseph Berrj', absent 
sick at muster-out, was detailed as bugler at Camp Nelsoir in 1863. 
Charles Kej'ser served from August, 1862; transferred October 15, 
1863 ; now of Webster county, Iowa. George Milbourn and Myron 

MILITAliV JllS'l'dUV. 239 

Waters were ineniliers of this coiniaiiiul. Louis E. Morton, of Galva. 
was discharged at Lexington in April, 1865. Joliii A. Tarble served 
a full term; now resides in Polk county, Neb. "William A.Brown 
enlisted in 1863, and served to the close of the war. Andrew Jackson, 
of Lafaj'ette, enlisted in 1864, served to the close of the war. Frank 
A. Yale, enlisted in 186-1; transferred to Sixty -fifth Ilegiment ; now of 
Barton county. Mo. 

In Companv' H : John Bevier. who died at Camp Butler in Novem- 
ber. 186-1; was a recruit of 1864; Ciba A. Dunlap, of Bradford, Noah 
Iliddlebaugh and John C. Gingrich, of Essex, were drafted in 1864-. 
Jonas Johnson, a recruit, was not accepted, and Volney Arnold was 
unassigned. A few members of Companj' F belonged originally to 
Company H. 

Tlie One-hundredand-twelfth Regiment Association dates its or- 
ganization back to 1866. The reunions of the One-hundred-and-twelfth 
have been as follows: Banquet, Galva, November 17, ISlJS ; 1866, 
Geneseo, Sejjtember 20; 1867, Galva, September 20; 1868, Cambridge, 
SejJtember 22 ; 1869, Geneseo, September 2- ; 1870, Galva, September 
20; 1871, Cambridge, September 20; 1872, Geneseo, Sei)tember 20 ; 
1873, Galva, September 20; 1874, Wyoming, November IS; 1875, 
Cambridge, September 22 ; 1876, Geneseo, September 22 ; 1877, Toulon, 
September 2(1 ; 1878, Annawan, Septendjer 20 ; 1879, Galva, Septem- 
ber 22; 1880, Bradford, September 22; 1681, Cambridge, August 18; 
1882, Geneseo, August 18; 1883, Toulon, August 16-17; 1884, Galva, 
August 28; 1885, Orion, August 27; 1886, Wyoming, August 24. The 
officers of 1885 were Gen. Thomas J. Henderson, Princeton, 111., presi- 
dent; Sergt. John L. Jennings, Cambridge, 111., vice-president; B. F. 
Thompson, secretary; Caj)t. S. F. Otman, William Ilolgate and Lieut. 
Bush rod Tai)p, executive committee. The president, vice-president 
and secretary were reelected in 1886, and also the following executive 
committee: J. E. Ayers, Thomas F. Davenjiort, and William K. 
Wight, of Cambridge. The following roll of deceased comrades for 
the past year was read : Joseph C. Johnson, hospital steward, at 
Mason City, 111 , September 26, 1885. Lewis W. Smith, Companj' A, 
at De Soto, Dallas county, Iowa, October 6, 1885. James B. Brown, 
Com])any D, at Burns, Henry county. 111., October 28, 1885. William 
J. Lamper, Company B, at Laramie City, W^yoming Ter., in 1885. 
Capt. George W. Sroufe, Company H, at Lai'ned, Pawnee countv, Kan., 
March 20, 1886. Wallace W. Emanuel. Company E, at Lafayette, Ind., 
July 29, 1886. Ilenrj' Slick, Compan}- A, in Pennsylvania, May 17, 
1886. Willier F. Broughton, Company I, at Geneseo, July 13, 1886. 

One-hundred-and-thirteenth Infantry, organized near Camp Doug- 
lass in 1862; moved to Memiihis, Tenn., in November, and joined in tiie 
Tallaliatchie expedition, Yicksburg, Arkansas Post, Black's Bayou, 
Corinth, ilemphis, are all inscribed <jn the banner of the One-hundred- 
and-thirteenth. It was mustered out June 20, 1865. In Company K 
Milton A. Cofflnberry, of Bradford (recruited in November, 1863), 

One hundred-and-fourteentli Infantry was organized in Julv ;ind 
August, 1862, and in Novendjer movetl to Tennessee. Ou tiie 2(ith it 

240 filS'i'oftY nV STAt!K* COtfN'I'V. 

entered on the Tallahatchie campaign ; was variously engaged until 
May, ls()3, when it was present at Vicksburg, .Fackson, and Erandon, 
Miss. Up to the day of its muster out, August 3, 1865, the command 
rendered excellent service. In October, 18(54, John C. Copestake was 
commissioned first assistant surgeon. 

One-hundred-and-twenty -fourth Infantry, organized at Camp Butler ; 
moved to Tennessee October (i, 18fi2 ; drove the rebels across the Talla- 
hatciiie in November, and held the Yacona river; on April 23, 1863, 
a[)])roached Vicksburg, and this with Thompson's Hill, Raymond, 
Jackson, Champion Hills, Brownsville, Meridian, Chunky Station, 
Benton, Jackson, Cross Roads, Spanish P^ort, tell the story of this com- 
mand to its muster out at Chicago, August, 1865. The soldiers from 
Stark county in Company A Avere ; Corporals — Asa Bunton, August, 
I8ri2 ; ])i'omoted. Privates enlisted August, 1862 — Daniel S. Adams, 
Ki'ank Hudson, ])romoted ; Levi Leek, Invalid Corps; Fred. M. Lea- 
croft, Asa Smith, promoted, died at Fort Gaines, April 19, 1865. 
Company F: Sergeants — George S. Green, August, 1862. Cor- 
porals — Samuel M. Likes, August, 1862 ; died at Vicksburg September, 
1864. Privates — Nathaniel Cooper, died May, 1863, of wounds; 
Alexander Wicr, died at Memphis, September, 1863; Sylvester Sweet. 
Recruits — Walter A. Fell, Thirtv-third ; Thomas Mui-rav, February, 
186-1; Thomas W. Flule, Thirty-tliii'd ; Andrew Turnl.ull, thirtv-third ; 
Alvin Galley, Thirty-third. 

One-hundi'ed-and-twenty-sixth Infantry organized at Alton in Se]i- 
tember, 1862, moved to Bolivar, Tenn., in November, and took a full 
part in the Tennessee campaign. In March, 1863, the command par- 
ticipated in the capture of Little Rock, of Clarendon, Ark., besides 
partici})ating in the siege of Vicksburg. It was mustered out at Pine 
Blutf, in July, 1865. One-hundred-and-tvvent^'-seventh Infantry was 
mustered in on September 5, 1862, at Camp Douglas, 957 strong. In 
the ranks were, Abx'am Bevier (deserted), Robert J. Dickinson (dis- 
charged), William H. GiAvitts (V. R. C, January, 1865j, Uriah Giwitts 
(deserted), Geoi'ge Kinter (deserted), all of Company B. One-hundred- 
and-thirty-second Infantry, organized at Camj) Fit, Chicago, Avas mus- 
tered in June 1, 1864, moved to Kentucky on the 6th, and Avas on duty 
there until muster out, October 17, 1864. In this command were C. 
Hotchkiss, of Toulon, and Barney M. Jackson, of Lafayette, who Avere 
mustered in in 1864. 

One-hundred-and-thirty -ninth Infantry Avas mustei'ed in at Peoria, 
June 1, 1864, with 878 men, for three months service. Among the 
troops Avere the folloAving named residents of this county : Company 
A, Corj)oral, Otis P. Dyer, May, 1864. Company E, Corporal James 
SAvank, May, 1864. Company H, Second-Lieutenant, Ansel J. Wright, 
June, 18<i4, Sergeants, enlisted May, 1864, Gorham P. Blood, George 
Dugan, Cor]K)rals, enlisted May, 1861, O. P. Crowell, N. W. DeAvey, 
W. O. Johnson; Musician, S. V. R. Bates, May, 1864 (i)romoted prin- 
cipal musician). Privates, Samuel I5urge, Wm. J. Barrett, Thomas W. 
Cade, George W. DeAve^', Joseph Flansbui-g, Adam Gardiner, D. C. 
Lyon, Orin Maxfield, jr., Ehsha Mosher, AVilliam H. Newcomer, Har- 
rison NeAvton, Joseph H. Newton, Ruben Rounds, Harvey J. Reniing- 

MttJTARV itiSToliS-. 941 

ton, Jolin vS. Roof, f'liarles D. Sliarrei" (discharged to re-enlist), Tlico- 
dore Vandyke, Wm. W. Wright, Andrew J. Whitaker, Benjamin .1. 
Whitcher, Benjamin Witter, Isaac M. Witter, George Potter. The re- 
eruits, enlisted JVIav, 18U4, were Abrani H. Loudenbnrgh (from ('om- 
pany I). Wm. Searl (from ('oni])any I). 

Une-hundred-and-forty -eighth Infantry was organized atGanipiJut- 
ler, Feljruary 26, 1865, for the term of one year. February 22, pro- 
ceedetl to Nashville, Tenn., in March, moved to Tullahoma, and in June 
five coni}ianies were ordered to Deckerd, one company was stationetl at 
McMinnville, and the other four companies guarding the Nashville and 
Chattanuoga railroad from Lombardy to Anderson Station. Arrived 
at Spi'ingfield September!!, ]865; whei'e it received its final discharge. 
The troops from Stark county were in Company I, Sergeant, Moses E. 
Robinson, Feln'uary, 1865, Corporal, Edwin B. Pomeroy, Privates, 
Wm. I). Cnndiff (promoted), Chai'les Hester, Luman Himes. 

One-huntlred-and-fifty-tirst Infantry was organized at Quincy, 111., 
and made up from various parts of the state, recruited uiulcr the call 
of December lij, 1S64. The regiment was ordered to Springheld. 111., 
where, Feliruary 25, 1865, the field and staff officers were mustered in 
and the regiment moved to Nashville, Tenn., thence to Dalton, (la. 
April 23, Col. Woodall was ordered to proceed, under ffag of truce, to 
Macon, Ga., to carry terms of surrender to the reljel Gen. Warford ; 
May 2, was ordered to Kingston, Ga., arriving on the 12th, after a 
toilsome march. Here, on May l):!, 14 and 15, 1865, the regiment 
I'eceived the surrender of Gen. AVarford, with 10,4U0 ])risoners. The 
One-hundred-and-tifty-flrst was mustered out at Columbus, Ga., Janu- 
ary 24, 1866, and moved to Springfield, 111., where it received final dis- 
charge, February 8, 1866. The Stark county men in the command 
were: Sergeant-Major — Fayette Lacey; private, Lafayette Schanij), 
Februarv, 1865, in Company A. Privates, enlisted Februarv, 1865 — 
W. II. Boyer. Allen Gingrich (died at Nashville, March, 1865), C. W. 
Phenix (promoted), in Comjiany B; and in Com])any I: Captain — 
Casimer P. Jackson. First Lieutenants — James Montooth (resigned, 
June, 1865), Andrew Galhraith, July, 1865. Seconil Lieutenants — 
Andrew Galbraith, February, 1865, George Fezler, July, 1865, not 
mustered. First Sergeant — Fayette Lacy (promoted Sergeant-Major). 
Sergeants — Geo. L)tigan (promoted). Geo. R. Fezler (])romoted Second 
Lieutenant), Geo. W. McDaniels (promoted) and Samuel Keys. Cor- 
l)(.)rals, enlisted February, 1865 — Rnfus S. Jones (promoted), Samuel 
Dixon (died at Michigan City, Ind., May, 1865, Thomas Homer, James 
F. Thompson, John S. Roof, Herod Murnan. Musicians, enlisted Feb- 
ruary, 1865 — Thomas S. Ci'aig and Chas. W. Orr. AVagoner — Jona- 
than Rounds, Feln-uarv, 1865. Privates — Atkinson Coe, Austin De- 
Wolf, Joseph Dixon, Andrew Galbraith, Edward A. Johnson, Samuel 
K. Lowmau, John II. Moncrief (died at Dalton, Ga., March, 1865), 
Bethuel Pierson, Seth F. and Daniel Rockwell, Henry AV. Thomas, 
David Woodard, David ('rumb, Geo. AV^. Gilson (killed at Bushnell, 
111., 1865, in attempt to jump bounty), Orson Grant, Leonidas Jones, 
Elias B. Lewis (deserted), Ira I. McConnell, Samuel Masters (pro- 
moted), Ed. A. Peny, Cassimer Jackson, Janu's Montooth (jiromoted). 

24^ lliSTOliV 01^ STAliK COUN'l'V. 

ni)e-liuri(lred-aiul-fifty-fiftli Infanti'v, organized at Camp Butlei', 
was mustered in FebruaiT 2S, 18(15, for one year, with 904 men and 
officers. Tlie command moved to Tennessee in March, and in June 
was divided into squads for protection of Nashville ct Chattanooga 
railroad, occujjjdng the block-houses from Nashville to Duck river, a 
distance of iifty miles. It was mustered out September 4, 1865. 
Stark county was represented Ijy Wm. Cross, Oliver P. White, Patrick 
McGuire, Edward O'Brien (drowned in Stone river, Januar\', 1805), all 
enlisted in February, 1S65, in Companj^ I. 

Miscellaneous infantry commands claimed Stark county men as 
follows: One-hundred-aud-twenty -first New York, Company A — Peter 
Nicholson. Twenty -first Ohio — Patrick Flynn and John U. Ilarkins. 
Seventh Missouri Volunteer Infantry, Conipan}' I, enlisted at St. 
Louis, Mo., June, 1861, mustered out June, 1864 — Sergeants: Kobert 
Kobb and Isaac Harris. Privates: James Siiivvers and Thomas Pei'- 
ry. Tenth Missouri Volunteer Infantry, Company' C — A. N. Harris. 
Second U. S. Veteran Volunteers, Company A — Alvah M. Brown, 
enlisted February, 1865. Fourth U. S. A'eteran Volunteers, Company 
B — Geo. Carter, enlisted February, 1865. First U. S. Army Corps, 
Company 5 — Thomas Higgins, enlisted IMarch, 1865. First U. S. 
Kegular Infantr}- — Adam Fell (died at Annapolis, Md.), Itobert Fell 
and Asa Clark. Sixteenth U. S. Pegular Infantr}- — Keubeu Shock- 
le}', James Schemerhorn, Creighton Swain, James McGee. In the 
Thirtieth Illinois Volunteer Infantry was Thomas Gemmell,who enlisted 
in Mercer county in 1861, veteranized in 1863, and served to the close 
of the war. 


Cavalry regiments held only a small number of troo})s from this 
county. Of the seventeen regiments sent forward from Illinois, only 
the Third, Ninth, Eleveuth, Twelfth and Fourteenth claimed repre- 
sentatives of Stark. In the following sketch the beginnings of each 
of those seventeen commands are noted: First- — Colonel Thomas A. 
Marshall, mustered in June 1861, at Bloomington, with 1,2U6 men; 
Second — Colonel Silas Noble, mustered in August 24, 1861, at 
Camp Butler, with 1,861 men; Third — Colonel Eugene A. Carr, 
mustered in September 21, 18(il, at Camji Butler, with 2,183 men; 
Fourth — Colonel T. Lyle Dickey, mustered in September 30, 1861, 
at Ottawa, with 1,656 men; Fifth — Colonel John J. Updegrafi", 
mustered in December, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 1,169 men; 
Sixth- — Colonel Thomas H. Cavanaugh, mustered in November, 1861, 
January, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 2,248 men; Seventh — Colonel 
William Pitt Kellogg, mustered in, August, 1861, at Camp Butler, 
with 2,282 men; Eighth — Colonel John F. Farnsworth, mustered 
in September 18, 1861, at St. Charles, with 2,412 men; Ninth- — 
Colonel Albert G. Brackett, mustered in Octoljer 26, 1861, at Camp 
Douglas, with 2,169 men; Tentii — Colonel James A. Barrett, mus- 
tered in November 25, 1861, at Camp Butler, with 1,934 men; 
Eleventh — Colonel Eobert G. Ingersoll, mustered in December 20, 
1861, at Peoria, with 2,362 men ; Twelfth — Colonel Arno Voss, mus- 
tered in December, 1861, February, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 2,174 


men; Tliirteenth — Colonel Joseph W. Bell, innstered in December, 
1861, Feljruaiy, 1862, at Camp Dou"las, with 1,759 men; Fourteenth 
— Colonel Horace Capron, mustered in January 7, 1863, at Peoria, 
with 1565 men; Fifteenth — Colonel "Warren Stewart, mustered in 
December 25, 1863, at Camp Butler, with 1,473 men; Sixteenth — 
Colonel Christian Tliielman, mustered in January and April, 1863, at 
Camp Butler, witii 1,462 men; Seventeenth — Colonel John L. Bev- 
eridge, mustered in January 28, 1864, at St. Charles, with 1,247 men. 

In Company A. of the Third Cavalry were privates James II. 
Chaddock, (promoted), Samuel A. Hi(>-lilands, (deserted), John W. 
Highlands, (promoted, died at Mem])liis), who enlisted in August, 
1861, and recruits who enlisted in February, 1864, — Samuel H. Aten, 
(Company C, third consolidated cavalry), William P. Burns, (Company 
C., third consolidated cavalry), Harrison Burkhart, Robert Gai'ner, 
Company C., third consolidated cavalry), Jolm Green. (Company C, 
third consolidated cavalry), John King, (died at Port Hudson, Louis- 
iana), June, 1865, Theodore W. McDaniel, George F. Pyle, (Company 
C, third consolidated cavalry), John Simmerman, (Company C, third 
consolidated cavalry), Henry Simmerman, (Company ('., tliird consoli- 
dated cavalry). West Jersey ; George i.oardman, (discliarged for disa- 
bility), Hugh R. t'reighton, (discharged for jjromotion), Albert P. 
Finley, all i)f Stark county. 

In Company C., third consolitlated cavalry, were privates Samuel 
Aten, "William Burns, Robert A. Garner, J. Green, (deserted), Theo- 
dore W. McDaniel, George F. P^'le, (deserted), Henry Simmerman, 
John Simmerman, West Jersey ; and in Com]ianv Iv., Andrew J. 
Walker, Elmira, March, 1865. 

In tlie Fourth Illinois A'olunteer Cavalry were: Comjiany 1)., 
William Douglas. Kssex. January. 1861, (see twelfth cavalry). Com- 
pany A., Joseph E. McKinstrey, corpoi'al, (see twelfth cavalry). Com- 
pany K., William Crooks, Essex, recruited October 1862, promoted ser- 

In the Seventh Cavalry were unassigned recruits who enlisted from 
Penn townsiii[) in March, 1865, viz.: Charles Butcher, (dietl at Camp 
Butler), and William Butcher. 

In Comj)any H., Ninth Cavalry, were the recruits wlio enlisted in 
Januaiw, 1864 — Thomas Flanagan, Christopher Flanagan, John 
Stokes, John C. Shaw, Patrick Smith, Toulon. Henry Lewis, (died a 
prisoner at Charleston, S. C), Samuel R. Lewis, (deserted), Lafayette, 
and in Conii)aiiy K., Captain J. 0. II. S))inne\% Bradford, May 1865, 
veteranized ; hi-st lieutenant, J. O. II. Spinney, Bradfoi'd, September, 
1864, pi'omoted ; sergeants, enlisted September, 1861, John Jamison, 
Bradford : veteranized and deserted ; Francis M. Lamper. Osceola, dis- 
charged. Privates — Enlisted October, 1861 — Fowler Bryant, E. W. 
Curtis, (veteranized), Frank LT. Doyle, (discharged), Thomas A. Fos- 
ter, Wesley F. Foster (veteranized and ]n"omoted), John S. Hayden, 
(veteranized and promoted), Christo])her Handley, Wm. S. Luce, Isaac 
Moon, James M. Stanley, (veteranized and promoted), J. O. H. Spin- 
ney, (veteranized), James Sherlock" (veteranized), Bradford : Francis 
Griswold, (proniotetl, died at Memphis, July, 1862), Herman I). 


Sturm, Osceolu ; Williuiu F. Wheeler, ol' Lafayette, the only son of 
widow C. M. Wheeler, died in hospital at Decatur, Ala., August 21, 
1S65. Recruits — Henry McKibbon, (promoted), March 28, 18u4, 
Bradford. Unassigned recruits — Martin Shay, Penn, March 81, 1865. 

In the Eleventh Cavalry, r'oni]iany C, were Andrew Caldwell, 
Slaclcwater, (recruited December, 1868, deserted July, 1864). Company 
M., Wm. A. Glaze, West Jersey (recruited March, 1863) ; Unassigned, 
Baxter JVf. Mahanv, Toulon (recruited February, 1865, died at Camp 

In the Twelfth Cavalry were Josepli Johnson, Toulon, November, 
ISti-t, William Douglas, Esse.x (also Fourth Cavalry), Josepli E. McKin- 
stry, corporal (also Fourth Cavalry). 

In the Fourteenth Cavalry, Company A., were, Dewitt C. Reece, 
West .Jersey, November, 1862, and Company M., Isaac Dennis, West 
Jerse\', October, 1866 (discharged for disability). 

In the First New York A'eteran Cavalry T. A. LaCosta, now of 
Toulon, served for twenty months. He was also in the United States 
naval service. 

In the Eleventh Missouri \'ohinteer Cavalry, Company K., was A. 
N. Harris, Coshen, enlisted as Second-Lieutenant and ])romoted to 
Ca])tain; S. Drummond, son of Benj. Drummond, a volunteer of 1861- 
o, enlisted in the United States army the latter year and was serving 
with the Seventh United States Cavalry in 1880. 


Coin])any A, Captain C. M. Williard, mustered in at Chicago, with 
168 men; Company I!, Captain Ezra Taylor, mustered in at Chicago, 
with 2<t4 men; Company C, Captain C. Ilaughtauling, mustered in 
October 31, 1861, at Ottawa, with 175 men; Company D, Captain'Ed- 
ward McAllister, mustered in January 14, 1862, at Plainfield, with 141 
men: Comjiany E, Captain A. C. Waterhouse, mustered in December 
1!», 1861, at Chicago, with 148 men; Company F, Captain John T. 
rjheney. mustered in February 25, 1862, at Camp Butler, with 15U 
men; Company G, Captain Arthur O'Leary, mustered in February 28, 
1862, at Cairo, with 113 men; Company H, Captain Alex. Silversparr, 
mustered in February 20, 1862, at Chicago, with 147 men; Comjiany I, 
Captain Edward Bouton, mustered in February 15, 1863, at Chicago, 
with 16!» men; Comjiany Iv, (Captain A. Franklin, mustered in January 
9, 186;i, at Sliawneetown, with 96 men; Comjiany L, Captain John 
Uourke, mustered in Februaiy 22, 1862, at Chicago, with 153 men; 
Comjiany M, Cajitain John B. Miller, mustered in August 12, 1862, at 
Chicago, with 154 men; Field and Staff, 7 men; Recruits, 883 men. In 
Battery D, Lewis W. Jones, of Wyoming, was Corjioral. 

The Second Light Artillery was made up as foUows: Conij)any A. 
Cajitain Peter Davids(m, mustered in August 17, 1861, at Peoria, with 
116 men: Comjiany P., Caj)tain Riley Madison, mustered in June 20, 
1S61, at Sju'ingheld, with 127 men; Comjiany C, Captain Caleb Hoji- 
kins, mustered in August 5, 1861, at Cairo, with 154 men ; Comjmny D, 
Jasjier M. Dresser, mustered in December 17, 1861. at C'airo, within 
men ; Company E, Captain Adolph Schwartz, mustered in February 6, 


1862, atCairo, with 131 men ; Coini)aiiv F, Captain Joliu W. Powell, imis- 
tered in December 11, 18(11, at f Jape Gira.rdeau. Mo., with 190 men ; C'om- 
pany G, Captain Charles J. Stolhrand, mnstered in December 31, 1861, 
at Camp Butler, witli 108 men ; Company II, Cajitain Andi-ew Stcin- 
Ijeck, mnstered in December .'>1, 1861, at Camp Bntler. with 11.") men; 
Company I, Ca]itain diaries W. Keitli, mustered in December 31, 1861, 
at Camp Butler, with 10" men ; Compiinv K, Cajttain Benjamin F. 
Kogers, mustered in December 31, 1861, at Camp Butler, with losmen ; 
Company L, Captain Willijim II. Bolton, mustered in February, 28, 
1S*>2, at Chicago, with 14.5 men ; Company M, Captain John C. Phil- 
lips, mustered m June 6, 1S62, at (!hica,go, with 100 men ;lield and staff, 
1(1 men; recruits, 1,171 men. 

In Ci>m|)any A, were the following named Stark county soldiers — 
Corporal, Harvey Pierce, AVyoming, May, 1861 ; veteranized and ))ro- 
moted. Privates, enlisted July, 1861 : Clemens 11. Defendener (died at 
New Orleans, February, lSt)4), Thomas J. Ellis (veteranized), Wyom- 
ing. Enlisted September, 1862: Alva W. Brown, Lafayette, John Cox 
(died in Syracuse. December, 1865), N. II. Hull, Chas. Thomas, AVyoni- 
ing; Samuel Eagan, Emanuel Kissel, West Jersey ; David N. Iliffner, 
Charles N. Hull, Osceola; Wm. Beers, Calvin Rockwell, Hugh Stock- 
ner, Marshall and Warren Winn, Lorenzo K. Wiley, Toulon ; Morris 
A3'res (died in service), Joseph G. Bloomer (died in service), Albert 
Eagan, John Hull, John R. Stratton. In tbe Peoria Battery, S. W. 
Carney enlisted in May, 1861. 

The Independent Batteries were: Board of Trade, Captain James 
S. Stokes, mustered in July ;'.l, 1862, at Chicago, with 258 men ; Spring- 
tield, Ca]) Th(mias F. Vaughn, mustered in August 21, 1S62, at 
Cam]i Butler, with I'.tK men ; Mercantile, Captain Charles G. Cooley, 
mustered in August 29, 1862, at Chicago, with 270 men; Elgin, Cap- 
tain (4eorge AV. Ren wick, nmstered in November 15, 1862, at Elgin, 
with 242 men ; Coggswell's, (Jai)tain William Coggswell, mustered in 
September 23, 1861, at Camp Douglas, with 221 men ; Henshaw's, Cap- 
tain Ed. C. Henshaw, mustertMl in ()(^tol)er 15, 1862, at Ottawa, with 
196 men ; Bridges", Captain i.yman liridges. mustered in Januarv <1, 
1862, at Chicago, with 252 men; Colvin's, Captain John 11. Colvin, 
mustered in October 10, 1863, at Chicago, with 96 men ; Busteed's. Chi- 
cago, with 127 men. 

In the Marine Artillery were, John James Campbell, died in ser- 
vice, Samuel Dyer, died at Roanoke, Andrew Galbraith, sheriff; John 
Hotchkiss. Charles Maxfield, Ileni-y ]\[archant, Jephta ]\[()sher, Cai-le- 
ton Rhodes, died at Xewbei'n, X.C.. Warren AVinn, Oliver AVliite, Isaac 
AVhitakei', .Marshall AVinn, of AVyoining. Dennis Chirk. Jas. W. Dexter, 
Alarian Godfrey, James Hall, Joiin Labarr, John II. Parks. Andrew 
Galbraith served in the N. Y. Marine Ailillery from August, 1862, 
until February, 1863, when he enlisted in the F. S. naw, and served 
until 1864. 

In the 1st U. S. Ai-tillery were, George Rouse, Goshen, and in the 
Mississippi Marine l>rigade,'AVillia.m Cross, of Toulon. 

In (_)ther eoniniands were Joseph Jamison, a hoy of eighteen sum- 
mers, .served in the wai- with his I'alhei-, died at Jefferson Citv. Mo., 


Mavcli 29, 1S<')2. and Tohn A. Perry, a young sokliei-, died January 15, 
18t)2, at Otterville, Mo. 

In the histories of the several Grand Army Posts many records are 
o-iven, some of them being of soldiers who I'esided here or are now res- 
idents, who were not listed with Stark county men during the war. 

The Fourth Kegiment, I. N. G., was organized at Peoria, Feln-uary 
2, 1876. During tliat winter an act was passed to organize and govern 
the militia of the State, which went into force July 1,1877. Captain 
John Huff was elected Colonel, Captain W. Whiting, of the Altona. PiHe 
Company, Lieutenant-Colonel; and Captain A. T. Johnson, Major. 
Owing to tlie legislature refusing to confirm Colonel Huff, AVhiting 
was appointed Colonel. In 1877 some disagreement over the time and 
form of elections marked the history of the regiment; but this disa- 
greement, if such it were, resulted in the election of Col. AVliiting, Ma- 
jor; Wm. Jackson, of Elniii-a, Lieutenant-Colonel, and Captain O. L. 
Iliggins. Major. In .luly, 1877, Peoria's three comi)anies, with others 
in tiiat district, were detatched from the Fourth Regiment and organ- 
ized as the Seventh Regiment, I. N. G., Moline's two companies and a 
newcom])any at Princeton, were incorporated with the Fourth I. N. G., 
and a rei'nlistuu'nt ordered. This was affected, but the muster-in was 
postponed. On July 22, 1877, the "great strike" assumed huge pro- 
portions, the Fourth' Regiment received ordei'S to be in readiness, and 
within four hours all the companies were ready for duty. At 5 p.m., 
on July 27, orders were received to proceed at once to Alton Junction, 
and at'michiight companies A, C, and H were at Galva. Company G, 
of Toulon. aiTived there a little later, and Company F. from Kewanee, 
shortlv after. Earlv next morning Company I joined them at 
Wyoining en route to'East St. Louis. Three days later the regiment 
was ordered to Galeslairg. The Lieutenant-Colonel of that day is now 
commander of the regiment. 

Stark county has ninety-three persons on the pension roll, of which 
seventy-two are invalids, eight are widows, ten dependents, three wid- 
ows that are survivors of tlie war of 1812. The monthly pay of these 
amounts to $884.25. 

This chapter must be considered oidy an index to the greater mili- 
tary history contained in the pages devoted to biography and in soine 
instances to township history. Yet it is a great record — one of which 
any peo])le may feel proud, and one that will be re-read and re-read and 
analyzed, when all other memorials of the soldiers of Stark County 
are forgotten. 


, fr-^^Sr^'^i^ 


^^^!ISg» i 

HIS division of the connW is one of ^yell cultivated farms, 
pleasant homes and thriving business centers. Within its 
borders are the towns of Toulon and Wyoming and the 
village of Modena. Spoon river and tributaries course 
through, the E. I. & P. 11. II. runs througli its southern 
sections, while good roads make all sides of every section 
accessible. Thrifty hedge-rows of Osage orange line these 
roads and mark the boundaries of the large fields into 
which the township is subdivided. Many of the farm homes 
are elegant, and all comfortable. The population of Toulon 
township in ISSO, exclusive of the towns, was 1,0.38, of Toulon 
village, 967, of a part of Wyoming 6i>'2, and of Modena 7.5. 
In area it is an original congressional toAvnship. From 
Capt. Hawk's tabulatetl schedule of Toulon township for 1885 
"we learn that there were 7,24() acres of corn planted in said township, 
and 222,900 bushels harvested; 3,774 acres of oats, 151,230 bushels 
harvested; total gross weight of fat cattle sold, 531,500 lbs.; gross 
weight sheep sold, 30,820 ; gross weight hogs sold, 1,438,045 ; number 
feet tile drain laid, 30,010. Throughout its entire area it is umlerlaid 
Avitli coal, in some places exposing the veins. 

The shafts on section 14, Toulon are worked by Fred Charleston, 
Peter Herberger, William Newton, Henry Newton, and John Cum- 
mings, one each. The oldest bank is that operated by William New- 
ton, now mined for over twenty years. It was formerly known as 
the " Coe Bank." There are about fifteen men employed, earning 
about $1.50 per day. A number of horsebacks exist here, some clay 
veins are four or five feet thick, the coal vein averages foui' feet. At 
Modena coal mining is carried on extensively, and the opening of new 
shafts still continues. 

The fisherman may still pursue his calling here with pleasure, if 
not with profit, for civilization has not yet succeeded in driving out 
all the inhabitants of the rivers. 

The wolf-liunter, too, may hunt with profit; for in April, 1884, 
Henry Hamilton and others captui'ed a wolf near Indian Creek, and 
subsequently he with his brother Edward and Jackson Lorance found 
a nest of seven cubs. The bounty was $17.50. 

The original entries of the lands in this township form a very im- 
portant part in this history ; for to them we must look for the first 
faint gleams of civilization on the wildei'uess of 1817. The name, lo- 
cation, and date of each entry are given first, and name of pi-esent 
owner last : 



24-S iiis-j'dKv oi'' ^:takk County. 

Jcihn T. Plu'uix, i;. hf. n. e. (jr. sec. l;Scpt. 1, 1839. JatiU's Moiildolh. 

James Bailey, w hf. lot 1, w. hf. lot 2, sec. 1; Nov. 14, Hviraphrey Avery; Thus, 
and Jacob Fleming, lot 1; Humphrey Avery, lot 2. 

W. K. Fuller, n. e. qr. of n. w. qr. , see. 1 ; Oct. 8, 1839. B. G. Rowell, n. e. qr. of u. \v. qr. 

John T. Pheni.x, s. e. qr. of n. w. qr. , sec. 1; Oct. 2.5, IS't'S. AVm. Jaek.son, 9, T. and J. 
Flemine, 36 acres. 

W."K. Fuller, w. hf . of n. w. qr. , sec. 1 ; Sept. 28, 1339. Samuel Malone, 22, Humphrey 
Avery, 37. 

Jonathan Matthews, s. w. qr. ,sec. 1; Nov. 29, 1817. John Scott, 54; James Irvln, 80; 
James Snare, 2.5, 

Samuel P. Tufts, s. e. qr., sec. 1; Nov. 29. 1817. H. B. Dorrance, 100, auda number of 
small lot owners. 

Erastus Brown, n. e. fr. sec. 3; June 37, 1851 Silas Norris, 135 acres. 

David Park, c. hf. n. w. qr. sec. 2; Oct. 8, 1839. E. George; e. 54 acres. 

Samuel McAuglin, w. hf. loll, w, hf. lot2, sec2; Sept. 19, 1848. Eli Mix. w. 84 acres. 

Michael Cunningham, s. w. qr. , see. 2; Oct. 6, 1817. E. George, O. B. Blanchard, J. H. 
Vernon, R. Patterson, Gideon Murray. 

N. Chadwick, s. e. qr., sec. 3; Mar. 10, 1818. Julia Harding, T. Watts, J. H. Vernon, 
and Hurlburt Harding. 

Chauncey D. Fuller, n. e. qr. sec. 3; Sept. 28, 1839. William Sturm. 

Phineas Austin, u. fr. hf. n. w. fr. qr. sec, 3; Oct. 2, 1851. Theodore Vandyke, 44 

James M. .Tackson, w. hf. lot 1, sec. 3; Sept. 20, 1848. T. and C. Vandyke, 10 acres. 

Hejiseljah Fuller, s. e. part. .sec. 3: Jlay 16, 1840. Wilmot Newton, s. 80 acres. 

William Dunlap, s. w. qr., sec. 3; Nov. 1.5, 1817. Wilmot Newton, s. w. qr. 

Charles Gist, s. e. qr. , .sec. 3; Nov. 15, 1817. T. and C. Vandyke, n. 80, Adam 
Holmes, s. 80. 

Allen Bagley. e. lif. lot 1, e. hf. lot 2, n. e. qr. sec. 4; Dec. 4. 1851. William Jlur- 
ray. e. 80. 

Brady Fowler, w. hf. lot 2, \v. hf. lot 1, n. e. qr. lot 2. u. w. fr. qr. and e. hf. lot 1, 
sec. 4; Nov. 20 1848. Brady Fowler, w. 80. 

RobertA. Craig, w. hf. I'otl, fr. n. w. fr. qr., sec. 4; Sept. 23, 1852. Brady Fowler, n. w. 

Jcseph Banks, s. w, qr., see. 4; Dec. 15, 1817. John Fowler, s. w. 160. 

Erastus Backus, s. e. qr., sec. 4; Nov. 29, 1817. Brady Fowler, s. e. 160. 

Robert Grieve, n. e. qr. sec. 5; Sept. 14, 1849. Robert Grieve, n. e. qr 

John L. Clark, n. w. qr. sec. 5; July 16, 1850. Robert Grieve, n. w. qr. 

S. Hutchinson, s. w. qr. sec. 5; Feb. 10, 1818. G. L. Goodale, e. hf., G. Ruther- 
ford, w. hf. 

Jesse Seeley, s. e. qr. .sec. 5; Feb. 10, 1818. .John Fowler, e. hf, G. L. Goodale, w. hf. 
David Park, n. w. qr. n. e. qr. and s. w. qr. sec. 6; Oel. 8. 1839. Abel Arm.strong, n. e. 
149, G Armstrong, s. w. 150, A. Armstrong, n. 105, and R. Armstrong, s. 40 of n. w. 

.Jacob Rheara, s. e. qr. sec. 6; May 5, 1818. George Rutherford, s. e. 160. 

William Wiley, n. e. qr., sec. 7; Sep. 17, 1818. Geo. Rutherford, n. 80; R. Mc- 
Iveighau. s. 80, e. qr. 

"David Park, n. w. qr. and s. w. qr., sec. 7; Oct. 8, 18o9. Wm. Beatty, n. w. 1.50; 
N. G. Smith and C. Berfield, s. w. qr. 

Hiram Stevens, s. e. qr. , sec. 7; Sep. 17, 1818. R. II. McKcighan. e. 80, and Robt. 
McKeighan, w. 80. 

Washington Didvc, n. e. qr., sec. 8; Aug. 29, 1818. Martin Rist, n. e. qr. 

Elijah Coats, n, w. qr., sec. 8; August 29, 1818. Anna D. Richardson, n. w. qr. 

Samuel McCahan, s. w. qr. , sec. 8; July 13, 1818. Duncan McKenzie, s. w. qr. 

Ira Ellmore, s. e. qr., sec. 8; July 13, 1818, John C. JIcKenzie, s. e. qr. 

Silas JlcCullough, n. e. qr., sec. 9; .Jan. 20, 1818. Robert Grieve, n. 80; B. Barton. 
s. 80. 

Robert Alorton. n. w. qr., sec. 9; Jan. 20, 1818. Martin Rist, n. w. qr. 

Amos J. Eagleson, s. w. qr.. sec. 9; Oct. 6, 1817. W. P. Caverlv, e. 80 and s. w. 
40; M. n. w. 40. 

Daniel Dudley, s. e. qr., sec. 9; Oct. 6. 1817. B. Barton, n. 80; J. H. Brown, s. 80. 

Bela Hall, n. "e. qr., sec. 10; Jan 34, 1818. George E. Holmes, n. 320 acres. 

Ira Remington, n. w. qr., sec. 10; .Ian. 24, 1818. 

.lo.seph Porter, s. w. qr., sec. 10; Dec. 22, 1818. Silas Barton, e. hf.; J. M. Barton, 
w. hf. 

Hester Faust, s. c. qr., .sec. 10; Dec. 22. 1818. ('. M. S. Lyon. 

.lames Thomas, n. e. ((r., sec. 11; (.)ct. 0, 1817. Hugh Maguire, s. w. 40 of n. c. qr., 
and lots belonging to twelve others. 


Bcnj. H. Tozer, n. w. qr., sec. 11; Oct. 6, 1817. Hideou Mumiv, 16n 

Isaac Dyer, s. w. qr., sec. 11; Aug. 31, 1818. O. M. S. Lyoii, 160 

Benj. Pratt, s. e. qr, sec. 11; Aug. 31, 1818. Po.stcr Coulson 160 

Abraham Bowman, n. e. qr., sec. 12; March 13. 1818. Jolm Snare, e. 104- James 

Suare, e. 16, and small lots; John C'alcy, w. 38 qr. 

Samuel Grimes, n. w. qr., see. 13; March 12, 1818. J. W. Medearis, 57; John 

Calcy, 40; John Snare, 38 qr.; N. Snare, 24;'4 in n. w. qr. 

Luke Bluckshire, s. w. and s. e. qr., sec. 12; Nov. 6, 1817. Nathan Snare w 120- 

John Snare, e. 40, s. w. qr.; John Snare, s. e. 160. 

Isaac Patch, n. e. qr.. sec. 13; Julv 1, 1818. J. W. Fleming, s. w. 40 and n e 40- 

F. Coulson, n. w. 40 of n. e. qr. 

. I'i'''^ Falwell, n. w. qr., sec. 13; July 1, 1818. Foster Coulson, 80; Clara E. Flem- 
ing, tO; Foster Coulson, 80; J. "W. Flemin;;-, 40 in n. w. qr. 

.,> 5'^ 'J'i ''.^^'- Kussell, s. w. qr., sec. 13; Jan. 7, 1818. Martin White, 80; Geo. White 

50; (. W hue. 30, s. w. qr. 

Jesse Orin-sby, s. e. qr., sec. 13; Jan. 7, 1818. R. B. Bunnell s e qr 

I). li. W hiteley, n. e. qr., sec. 14; Oct. 23, 1817. I. Watt, 38; F. Coulson, 80- W 

ti. Ourlmau, 21; Hu'am D. Thurston, 19; H. Newton 3 n e qr 

John Pike, n. w. qr., sec. 14; Oct. 22, 1817. Geo. Harvev, n. 80; Mary Renwick 

s. 80. . . J 

R. D. Thompson, s. w. qr., .sec. 14; Nov. 21, 1817. J. A. Ballantine. n. 80- J D 
liallantme, s. 79. 

John Daw.son, s. e. qr., sec. 14; Nov. 21, 1817. F. Ballantine, one acre on s. w qr 

Samuel Null, n. e. qr., sec. 15; Nov. 24, 1817. H. Dixon, 40; J. D. Ballantine 86- 
\Vm. Daley, 40, s. e. qr., sec. 14. 

Al.ram Rader n. w. qr., sec. l.l; Nov. 24. 1817. Eli.sha Bass, 118; M. A. Bass, 80; 
1 . H. Hawkins, 130; Brace and Burge, 80; Mary E. Bell, 80; John O'Neil, 40- W B 
Ballantme, 40; J. D. Ballantine, 40; F. Ballantine, 40. 

John R. Turner, s. w. qr., sec. 13; Nov. 39. 1817. 

Thomas Thompson, s. e. qr., sec. 15; Nov. 39, 1817 

Oliver Whitaker, lot 1, Thomas Seelev, lot '3, Samuel M. Eldredse lot 7 H W 
I«ewland, lot 8— n. e. qr. sec. 16; Oct. 27, 1851. J. H. Brown, 20; T Ho<i-n- 40' W h' 
Newcomer, 80; R. Hogg, 20, n. e. qr. 

Jloses Snodgrass,'lot 3; Samuel M. Eldredge, lot 4 and 5; Moses Snodgrass lot 6 
— n. w. qr. .sec. 16;0ct. 27, 1851. Wm. P. Caverlv, n w 160 

T ^-'^"o ^\- ^''^"''l^'S''' 'ot 11: Samuel Beatty,"lot 12; Samuel M. Eldredge, lot 13- 
James T. Snodgrass, lot 14— s. w. qr. sec. 16; Oct. 37, 1851. Wm. P. Caverly. s. w. 160' 

Ohv:er WhUaker, lotj; Samuel M. Eldredge, lot 10: James T., lot la- 
R. H. Jacobs, and D. P. Wmter. lot 16— s. e. qr. .sec. 16; Rob.son Ho"-s 40-'W H New- 
comer, 40; Frank Rest, SO, s. e. qr. , . . 

Wri-hf '^■'^O ""'' '^^*'"^'''''*' °- ®- I""- ^'^^- 1"; ^'^c- 16. 1^1~- F- P- Barnes, 140; W. W. 

William Davidsou, n. w. qr. sec. 17; Dec. 16, 1817. W. W. Wright, e. 80- Syl M 
Keighan, w. 80. = , , .jj . jt. 

■^.Tohn Yearns, s. w. qr. sec. 17; Sept. 11, 1818. J. C, Moore, s. w. 160 

John L^^ll 80 ''' "'" *^''' ^'^*^' ^~' ^®^'' ^^' ^^^^" '^^' ■^^ ■^'*"' '^^'' ^- ^- ^*'"' ■*°' 

William Young, u. e. qr. sec. 18; March 31, 1818. Duncan McKeuzie 

-f R "^ ^t"1' ?•, ^^- '""^r.7- ^^ "■ '^- I'"- ''ec. 18; Sept 38, 1839. Lewis Williams, 
e. lb; R. H. McKeighan, w. 76. ' 

s ^'^160^"^ ^''"^' ^' ^^' '"""^ ^'' ^'^' ■■ '*^" '^'^'- ®'^'^- ^^' ^'^P'- ^^' ^^^^- ^^'^^y ^- P'''"'".'*'' 

'w-V,'-^^'''}?'^'^- ■"■ '"■ ''■■• ^^^ ^'^- ^^f*''cli 13. 1818- H. R. Pierce, Est, s. e 160 
acre lots "'" ^''°°''". "• "■ I'"- s^c. 19; Jan. 24, 1818. J. M. Stickney, e. 80, s. 13, 5 

John Culbertson, n. w. qr. sec. 19; Sept. 38, 1839. Pleasant Follet. 140. Trustees 
John Mil er s. w. qr. sec. 19; Sept. 6, 1839. Depot grounds and Toulon lots 
Gideon A\ Moody, s. e. qr. see. 19; .Tan. 34,1818. Jerry Lvon, 44; O. Whittaker, 
oO; .J. A. Codey. 31. 

so'™' ^'''""'*"™""' "• *"■ q""- ■'^ec. 20: Dec. 5, 1817. Kate Grer, SO; Daniel Tyrrell, 

man^fso'' ^'""'''"' "' "'' '''' *"' ^''^ °'"'- ''• ^■■^'- ^- ^- ^y°"' ^*^' ^^''''y ^^- ^^''"^'■ 
E. p. Strickland, s. w. qr. .sec 20: .July 18, 1818. Charles P. Dewev. s. w 160 
Robert Vallally, s. e. qr. sec. 20; July 18, 1818. John Whittaker. ir. ; s. e 160 ' 
Robert try, n. e. qr. sec. 21; Oct. 6, 1817. Eli Packer, e. 80; M. A. Packer w 80 


Jloses McCluy, ii. \v. qr, sec. 31; Oct. 6, 1817. David Nicholson, n. w. 100. 

Jeptlia Cloud, s. w. qr. sec. 21; June 5, 1818 Benjamin Packer, s. w. 100. 

Robert Miner, s. e. qr. sec. 21; June 5, 1818. J. W. Ballantine, e. 80; Ezra Packer, 
w. 80. 

Nicholas Cook, u. w. and u. e., sec. 22; Nov. 34, 1817. O. J. Bass, 4i.^; John O'Neil, 
30i<; Peter O'Neil, oo; F. Mawbev, 80, n. e. qr. 

"Allen B. Strong, s. w., sec. 22; Dec. 24, 1817. F. Mawbey, e. 80; Catherine Brady, 
u. w. 40; Melvina Nowlan, s. w. 40 in n. w. qr. ; Charles Rhodes, s. w. 100. 

John Wells, s. e. , .sec. 33; Dec. 34, 1817. John Drinnin, e. 80; I. Hochstrasser, w. 80. 

Reuben Boles, n. c., sec. 23; March 16, 1818. O'Neil it Burns, u, e. qr. 

Jolin P. Howard, e. hf., n. w. qr., sec. 23; Oct. 14, 1839. Daniel New, e. 80. 
n. w. qr. 

W. L. Howard, s. w. (jr., sec. 23; Feb. 19, 18.10. John O'Neil, 30; F. Mawbey, r,8. 

Horace Leacli, n. w. qr. , sec. 23; Feb. 20, lO.'JS. Peter O'Neil, 3 ot'w. hf. , n. \v'. qr. 

W. B. McKeuuaii, s. \v. qr., sec. 23; March 3, 1818. Jacob Herberger. s. w. qr. 

R. Hill, s. e. qr., sec. 33; March 3, 1818 John Drinnin, n. 80; Peter Pauli. s. 79. 

Silas M. Moore, n. e. qr., sec. 34; March 9, 1818. R. E. Bunnell, n. e. 100 and e. 
80 of n. w. qr. 

Abel H. Coleman, u. w. qr., sec. 34; March 9, 1818. Small lots. 

Ls.aac Parcelles, s. w. qr. , sec. 24; March ■>, 1818. R. E. Bunnell, e. SO; S. Snare, 
40; Peter Pauli, 30, and J. Bever, 10 s. w. qr. 

Jo.seph Joy. s. e. qr., sec. 2.i; March 7, 181S. AVinfield Scott. 

John Thompson, n. e. qr., sec. 2.5. Dec. 4, 1817. Wesley King, e. hf.; P. E. 
Pratt, w. hf. , n. e. qr. 

Asaph Witherill, n. w. qr., sec. 25; Dec. 4. 1817. R. Howarth. 70 acres and small 

William Karns, s. w. qr., sec. 2.5; Nov. 33, 1818. J. AV. Bond. e. 79; AV. .V. Haven, 
28 and lots in s. w. qr. 

Benjamin Harvey, s. e. qr., .sec. 25; Nov. 23, 1818. Peter E. Pratt, s. e., 147 acres. 

Thomas Rogers, n. e. qr. , .sec. 26; March 2, 1818. I. Hochstras.ser, Stephenson 
S. Watson, D. New, William Walson, Peter Pauli, n. e. qr. 

George Metzinger, n. w. qr. , sec. 36; March 3, 1818. D. New, H. Hochstrasser, 
W. Drinnin. J. Drinnin, n. w. qr. Small lots on s. w. qr. 

Joseph Wildey, s. e. and s. w. qr., sec. 26; Nov. 29, 1817. Small lots on s. e. qr. 

Polly Tucker, heir. n. e. q., .sec. 27; Dee. 16, 1817. George Hartley, w. 80 and 
small lots. 

Job Parkhead, heir, n. w. qr., sec. 27; Dec. 16, 1817. George Hartley, e. 80; 
Charles Packer, w. 80. 

Timothy Cook, s. w. qr.,",sec. 37; .Jan 1, 1818. Stephen W. Eastman, s. w. 160. 

.Joseph's. Gorman, s. e. qr, . sec. 27; Jan. 1, 1818. S. W. Eastman, .s. 00, and 
small lots. 

Jacob Slantler, n. c. qr., sec. 28; Oct. 6, 1817. C. Packer, e. 80: Ezra Packer, w. 
78; M. Winn, 2. 

Phineas Spilman, n. w. qr., sec. 38; Oct. 6, 1817. Benjamin Packer, n. w 1.54. 

Samuel Griffith, s. w. qr., .sec. 28; Nov. 39, 1817. Cliarles Hartley, s. w. 160. 

Ebenezer Gilkey, s. e. qr., sec. 38; Nov. 29, 1817. S. AV. and J. E. Eastman, s. c. 

William Hyde, n. e. qr., sec. 29; Oct. 0, 1817. John AVhilaker, n. e. 100. Hill, n". w. qr., sec. 39; Oct. 6, 1817. David Guvre, n. w. 160. 

•Tames Trumble, s. w. qr., .sec. 29; April 3, 1818. 0. "Hartley, e. 80; J. B. Cooley, 
w. 80. 

Henry Roberts, s. w. qr., .sec. 29; (cancelled). June 21, 18-52. 

Stephen AVheeler. s. e. qr., .sec. 29; April 3, 1818. F.R.Greenwood, n. 80; B. 
Turner, s. 80. 

Phillip Lawless, n. e. qr. .sec. 30; Feb. 11, 1818. John Berfield, 120; B. Turner, 
w. 40. 

Lewis Perry, n. w. qr. sec. 30; Sept. 6, 1839. Benjamin Turner, sec. 38 in s. w. qr. 

Adam Perry, s. w, qr. sec. 30; June 24, 1839. S. w. qr. in small lots. 

Adam JlcCaslen, s. e. qr. sec. 30; Nov. 10, 1818. T. H. Ma.xlield, s. e. 160. 

Peter AVolf, n. e. qr. sec. 31; Oct. 6, 1817. W. M. Mason, w. 134; J. Black, s. 13. 

AVm. H. Henderson, n. w. qr. sec. 31; June 34, 1839. Benj. Turner, 82 acres in 
small lots. 

Win. Mahoney. s. w. qr. .sec. 31; .Inly 4, 1839. Oliver ^lahoney, s. w. 151. 

Squire Williams, s. e. qr. see. 31; Oct.O, 1817. John U Atberton, 30 and small lots. 

David Hambleton. n. e. qr. sec. 33; Fel). 3, 1818. A. Wilkinson, e. 80; C^. Hartlev, 
w. SO. 

'I'orLOX TO-WNStTII'. 2.-)l 

Thomas Waiidall. n. w. qr. sec. 32; Feb. 3, 1818. Jolm Black, c. 153; W. M 
Masou, w. 7. 

James Baldwin, s. \v. qr. sec. 32; Oct. 6, 1817. James Biggs, u. 80 and small lots. 

Isaac Iliggins. s. e. qr. sec. 32; Oct. 6, 1817. Charles Hartley, s. e. 160. 

Joseph Cram, father, etc., n. e. qr. sec. 33; Dec. 4, 1817. Newton Wilkinson, 
n. e. 160. 

Henry Bailey, n. w. qr. sec. 33; Dec. 4, 1817. Alonzo Wilkinson, n. w. 160. 

John Cross.'jr., s. w. qr. .sec. 33; March 18, 1818. Owen Thomas, s. w. 160. 

James Chaucev, s. e. qr. sec. 33; March 18. 1818. M. Gnyrc, n. 80; T. Hagartv, 
s. 80. 

William Oaks, u, e. qr. sec. 34; March 11, 1818. James Hartley, n. e. 136, and John 
Carico, 23} i- 

John short, n. w. qr. sec. 34; March 11, 1818. Newton Wilkinson, n. w. 160. 

Jeremiah Davis, s. w. qr. sec. 34; Aug. 17, 1818. C. G. Humphrey, 30; M. Gnyre, 
90; D. Guyre, 40. 

Richard Nixon, s. e. qr. sec. 34; June 3, 1818. David Guyre, s. e. 160. 

Luke G. Hasley, n. e. qr. sec. 35; March 9. 1818. John Francis, 116ig; H. Duck- 
worth. 120; Alfred Duckworth, 76. 

Benj. Hughes, n. w. qr. sec. 35; March 9, 1818. 

John Bussell, s. w. qr. sec. 35; Dec. 1. 1817. Julius Barnes, 62}^, and Wyoming 
town lots. 

Henrv Murphv, s. e. qr. sec. 35; Dec. 1, 1S17. :Marv Thomas, ^2^; J. C. Copestake, 
51, s. 2I4." 

Thomas W. Way. n. e. qr. sec. 36; Dec. 23, 1818. James Harwood, 137i.f ; J. Ker- 
naghan, i'Ai. 

" John Hagemau. n. w. qr, sec. 36; Dec. 24, 1818. Alfred Castle, 56, and town lots 
in Wyoming. 

Patrick Short, s. w. qr. sec. 36; Dec. 16, 1817. Town lots. 

John Lynes, s. e. qr. sec. 36; Dec. 16, 1817. Town lots. 

Politically the town.ship is decidedly Eepublican, the vote for 
count}' clerk in 1886 being — Walker, Republican, 334; Nowlan, Dem- 
ocrat, 202 ; Callison, Prohibitionist, 37. 

The supervisors of the townshi]). other than the first who is men- 
tioned in the organic chajrter. are named as follows : 1854, John Ber- 
tield. with A. Moncrief, clerk: 1855, Amos P. Gill; 1856-9, John 
Uertield ; 1859, Geo. AY. Dewey ; 1860-2, Davis Lowman ; 1862, John 
Muruan ; 1863, Bradv Fowler ^ 1864, Isaac Thomas; 1865-8, George 
W. Dewey; 1868, CM. S. Lyon; 1869, Brady Fowler; 1870, C. M. S. 
Lvou ; 1871-3. James Fraser; 1873-5, Jonathan Fowler; 1875-9, 
James Xowlan; 1879-81, Wm. P. Caverlv ; 1881, John Fowler; 1882. 
W. P. Caverlv; 1883, John Fowler: 1884, W. P. Caverlv: 1885. John 
W. Smith ; 1886, John W. Smith. 

The justices of the peace elected since 1853 were: 1853, John 
Miller, C. B. Donaldson, Benj. C. Leonard and A. Moncrief: 1856, 
Alex. Hochstrasser and D. McCance; 1857, Channcey D. Fuller and 
David McCance; I860, A. Y. Fuller; 1861, D. JMcCance and Ben. F. 
Fuller; 1865, C. M. S. Lvon and C. D. Fuller 1867. D. Clavtoii Young; 
1868, Isaac Thomas; 1S89, Isaac Thomas and I). K. Ihitehinson; 1870, 
James II. Miller; 1873. O. H. Stone and John Bertield (Oliver AVhite, 
Kovember) ; 1874, Branson Lowman; 1875, James II. Miller; 1877, 
Orren FI. Stone and Allen P. Miller; 1878, Thomas B. Wall; 1881. 
Egbert H. Smith; 1883, Isaac Thomas (August); 1885, George Tan 
Osdell and Isaac Thomas. 

Schools. — Toulon township school records are extant. From them it 
appears that Adam Peny took the school census of Toulon township in 
December 1843, and repoited 141 children. On Decemlier 11 the fol- 


lowing named petitioned for an election on tlie ([uestion of 
the township for scliool work: AV. 11. Henderson, Jos. K. Lane, Jos. D. 
Lane, Ira T. Dibble, Timothy Ilollister, John Winter, Jonathan 
Anthony, Lewis Perry, Langley Hall and John Miller. Li response to 
this petition the trustees of school lands — Elisha Gill, Oren [Slaxfield 
and John TT. Henderson — ordered an election for December .'30, 1843, 
on this cpiestion, and also for five trustees. On that day the question 
was decided affirmatively, and Thomas Hall, Oren Maxfield, Wni. H. 
Henderson, Elisha Gill and Caleb P. Flint were elected trustees, and 
Adam Perry, treasurer. John W. Henderson was examined for teacher, 
January 1, iS14, and was given a certificate. On January fi, Dr. Hall, 
John Miller and Lewis Perry Avere elected school directors, and on 
April 9, 1845, those directors ordered a meeting to vote on the question 
of levying a tax of fifteen cents on the one hundred dollars. Oliver 
Whitaker was secretary, and tlie question was cari'ied. In October, 
1845, the number of school children Avas 209. In January, 1846, Geo. 
Buchanan, Stephen W. Eastman and W. W. Drummond were elected 
trustees, and Oliver Whitaker, J. W. Henderson and W. J. Phelps were 
elected directors. A school meeting was held at Toulon, May 2, 1846, 
to vote for or against a tax for school pur])oses. Ira Ward, senior, pj-e- 
sided, with Wheeler B. Sweet, secretary. The vote resulted in seven- 
teen content, none dissenting, \\hen W. W. Drummond proposed that 
" a tax of fifteen per cent on the one hundred dollars valuation be now 
levied on all real and personal projierty in the Toulon school district, 
expressly for the completon of school house, now under contract by 
the school directors of said district to Ira Ward junior." This propo- 
sition was adopted. The votes recorded for this tax numbered seven- 
teen, as follows: Stephen W. Eastman, Wm. W. Drummond, Wm. J. 
Phelps, Oliver AVhitaker, Joseph Essex, Samuel Beatty, George Buck- 
hannon, John W. Henderson, Charles M. Johnston, George Worley, 
Benj. Turnei', Tlios. M. Lacon, Ira Ward, senior, Wheeler B. Sweet, 
Thomas Hall, Lucas E. Miner, N. Maxfield. In January, 1846. the 
"Union District" was set off on petition of C. P. Flint and others. 
This commenced at the southwest corner of the township, north one 
and onp-half miles, east two miles, south one and one-half miles, and 
thence west to beginning; the balance of the township being known as 
Toulon district. In April, 184(), Ira Ward, junior, received §90 on his 
contract for building school house at Toulon. In June, 1847, $100 
was paid to him. In July, 1847, the trustees of township 13, north, 
5, east. H. J. llhodes, G. W. Jackson and Hany Hays, agreed to 
cede a part of their district to the Toulon district, and also a. part of 
township 12, range 7, was ceded. Oliver Whitaker served as treasurer 
from January, 1846, to April, 1848, when Martin Shallenberger was 
elected. At that time the trustees were John Miller, Joseph Perr}' and 
Thomas Winn. In Octobei", 1848, on petition of Madison Winn, a new 
district, known as the "Middle district" was formed. This ran from 
the southwest corner of section 35 to the northwest corner of section 
21, east to 24, south to the southeast corner of section 24, thence 
Avest to southwest corner of section 24, south one and one-half mile, 
east two miles, south one-half mile, thence west to beginning. Luman 

Toui.oN 'I'owiv.siiii'. 2r);! 

Tluirston, then the only resident on section 2fi. asked to have it attaclnM] 
to the Middle distriet. whieh was (h»ne in July, IS-tO. In 1>S5U John 
Bertield. Charles F. White and Cyril Ward were elected trustees. In 
Februarj', 1S50, on petition of Alfred Castle, the southeastern part of 
Middle district was attached to Wj'oming district. In April, 1851, 
Jack Creek district was established on petition of Brady Fowler and 
' others. Cyril Ward was trustee at this time. In 1S52 the districts 
named and Wyoming and Holgates were in existence. In 1853 the 
Pratt's district was laid out. Benjamin Turner and John Bertield, 
trustees, with Martin Shallenberger secretary and treasurer, served 
regularly from 1851 to 1801, the secretary's term going l)ack to 1847. 
In 185t^) Miss A. J. Dyer presided over thirty-five pupils at the AVinn 
school for $3 per week. In 1858 Oliver Whitaker and Thos. J. Wright, 
directors of District No. 1, order $25 to be paid to Henderson and 
Whitaker in part payment for lot 2, block 1, in their addition, pur- 
chased for building a school house, and tliat the sum l)e paid out of 
the special tax of 1857 for luiilding school houses and pui'chasing sites 
therefor. In 1859 Oliver Whitaker, Carson Berfield and Wm. Low- 
man were elected directors at a meeting over which R. Dunn presided, 
with C. Myers, secretary. There were twelve candidates in the field. 
I. C. Reed was elected a directoi- in 1861. There were eight school 
districts, numl)ered in March, 1862, for the first time. J. Thorj), who 
was a visitor here in June, 1886, was pi'incijial of high school, or No. 
1, at $50 per month ; Miss M. Perry presided over the grammar 
grade; Miss E. E. King taught in the "brick school" with Miss E. 
Marvin and Miss M. E. Beatty; Miss O. A. Decker presided over 
" Soap Hall school " and Miss M. B. Whitaker over the " Fair Ground 
school." N. F. Atkins taught in District No. 4 ; Miss M. J. Lacock in 
No. 5; Miss A J. Dyer in No. 7; II. H. Leonard presided over Union 
school, or No. 8 ; E.' M. Gallup taught in No. 9; Miss M. J. Ewalt in 
No. 10, or Modena, and subsecpiently, G. H. Brown. Nos. 2, 3 and 11 
were not in this township, and a few schools were closed. In 1863 
Patrick Nowlan received t^ventj^-four out of fortj'-one votes for director 
of village schools, and on the question of extending school to ten 
months, thirty -six affirmative votes were recorded. 

The trustees of Toulon township schools since 1861 ai'e named as 
follows: 1861-2, Benjamin Turner, Isaac Thomas, Miles A. Fuller; 
1863-7, George W. Dewey, O. Whitaker, Isaac Thomas; 1867-9, 
George W. Dewey, C. M. S. Lyon, Isaac Thomas; 1869, George W. 
Dewey, C. M. S. Lyon, James i"i-aser; 1870, Geoi-ge W. Dewey, Davis 
Lowman, James ]?'raser; 1871, George W. Dew^ey, Dennis IVIawbey, 
James Fraser ; 1872-4, Dennis Mawbev, John Francis, Davis Lowman; 
1874-6, C. U. S. Lyon, John Francis,' Davis Lowman; 1876, C. M. S. 
Lyon, John Francis, Elisha Mosher; 1877-80, Davis Lo^\nnan, Elisha 
Mosher, John Francis ; 1880-2, Roliert P.Holmes. Thomas Gemmell, 
John Francis; 1882-4, Newton J. Smith, Thomas Gemmell, Benjamin 
Packer; 1884, Newton J.Smith, A. F. Stickney, Benjamin Packer; 
1885-7, Robert McKeighan, A. F. Stickney, New'ton J. Smith. 

The treasurers have been: 1861, Job Shinn; 1863-5, Patrick Now- 
lan; 1865, II. C. Dunn; 1867, Robert Till and J. G. Armstrong; 1870, 


,T. a. Arnistroiig; lSTl-5, Patrick NinYlan ; 1875, H. M. Hall; 1876- 
85, Samuel Burge ; aud 1885-7, Levi Sillimau. 

In 1886 there were 522 males and 565 females under 21 years ; two 
graded and seven ungraded schools, attended bj' 562 pupils and ]ire- 
sided over li}' five male and sixteen female teachei's, tlie foi-mer earning 
$2,144.86, and the latter $4,132.18; district tax, $7,145; bonded debt, 
$1,350; total receipts, $15,251.01; total expenditures, $10,307.54. 

Pioneers and Old Settlers. — The following is a list of persons who 
were in Stark county the day of its oi'ganization, and who resided in 
Toulon townshiji in the s])ring of 1866: Mrs. Oliver Whitaker, Mrs. II. 
White, Mrs. P. M. Blair, Mrs. M. Shallenberger, Mrs. Hall, Mrs. Kays- 
bier, Mrs. Martin, Mrs. Jones, Mrs. J. Perry, Mary J. Perry, Mrs. 
Warren Williams, Mrs. T. Winn, Mrs. S. Parrish, Mrs.'C. Berfield, IMrs. 
J. Berfield, Mrs. William Ogle, Mrs. James Culbertson, Mrs. Broad- 
head, Mrs. T. J. Henderson, Mrs. Wallace Mason, Mrs. M. Williams, 
Mrs. Guire, Mrs. David Fast, Mrs. A. Christy, Mrs. A. Y. Fuller, Mrs. 
Susan Dunn, old Mrs. Greenfield (87 j'ears old), Mrs. David AVinter, 
Mrs. Mahala Bezett, Mrs. C. Greenfield, Mrs. William Thonuis, Mrs. J. 
C. Keed, Miss Polly Ci-andall, Mrs. Brad}' Fowler, Jane B. Martin and 
Mrs. Mary Gurley. Mr. C. L. Eastman, the enumerator, adds : " The 
oldest woman is Old Lady Greenfield, 87 years. * * * Youngest 
woman not ascertained. It would make them older than they care to 
acknowledge." The pioneer men residing here in 1866 are named 
thus: O. Whitaker, Dr. T. Hall, T. W. Hall, H. M. Hall, Isaac Whita- 
ker, O. White, Wells White. Joseph Perry, Hemy Perry, Matterson 
Winn, Thomas Winn, Wai'ren Winn, Squire Parrish, Carson Berfield, 
John Berfield, Elisha Greenfield, John Fmdley, William Mahony, Ben- 
jamin Turner, William Ogle, E. S. Broadhead, C. L. Eastman, S. W. 
Eastman, T. J. Henderson, R. C. Dunn, M. A Fuller, Chancey D. 
Fuller, W. K. Fuller, A. Y. Fuller, Stephen D. Breese, Charley Green- 
field, William Thomas (Wyoming). J. C. Reed, Royal Arnold, Bratly 
Fowler, Kirk Fowler, C. M. S. L3'on, X. Butler, John Fowler and J. 
W. Fowler. Mr. Eastman adds: "The oldest man on the list is Jose})!! 
Perry, 66|^ years ; and the j'oungest man, Ike Whitaker." In other 
pages brief mention is made of several old settlers and otliers, whose 
names may not appear either in the pioneer chapter or in the pages 
devoted to biography. All of them have been connected with the 
township's histor^^ 

The Toulon cemetery gives a plain history of many of the pioneers 
and old settlers of this neighborhood, a)id tor this reason, as well as to 
include some names, which might be otherwise omitted, the following 
list and date of death are given : 

Susan M. Eastman. 1850; Eliza Ann Flint, 1851: Caleb P. Flint, 1863; 
Oliver Gardiner, 1867; Mrs. Jane Whitaker, 1853; E. S. Brodhead, 1873; 
W. W. "Wright, 1864; wounded at Eesaca, May 14, died at Nashville. 
Ehoda Silliman, 1841: Henrietta SilHmau, 1840; Eliza Ives, 1853; Hannah 
Ives, 18C5; Elisha Gill, 1864; Abigail Gill, 1875; Jefferson Winn, 1803; 
John Dack, 1872; Dr. W. Chamberlain, 1882; James Wright, 1865; Jona- 
than Miner 1844: John Drinnin, 1881; Eliza Pollock, 1874; John Pollock, 
1806; Eebecca Pollock, 1841; Jane Bradley, 1855; Ann Bradley, 1881; 


2-- y^ sMfesi. 


TolTt.O\ ToWN'slIIl'. 257 

John Ciilbertson. 1809: Lddowiok Follet. 1879: Thomas Hall. 1876; his 
momiineut was erected bv old settlers. Gloriaiia Ash, 1855; Dennis 
Jlawbev. 1879; Elizabetli Tnrner, 1850: Eliza McWilliams, 1874; John 
JMcWiliiams, 1853: Louisa Winter, 1853; Thomas I. Elliott. 1852; Jane 
Elliott. 1847: Martha Mason, 1857; Swift Perry. 1850; Mary Perry, 1843: 
JIary Henderson. 1847: John Perry, 1840; James S. I'aylor, soldier; 18G1. 
Marv Shivvers, 1875: Andrew Dewey, 1854; Sarah Dewey, 1861; Henri- 
etta" Smith. 1861; Ilex. Allen C. Miller, 1874; Squire Parrish, 1870; 
Joseph Rhodes. 1880: Pobert Moore. 1881; Charlotte Grose, 1879; Lotan 
Dexter, 1873; Henry B. Dexter, 37th 1. V. I.; 1873. Mahala Young, 
1883; Wm.A. Patterson, 1873; James M. Hotchkiss, soldier, 1861. John 
M. Morris, soldier; 1866. William Mahonv, 1875; John Atherton, 1885; 
JIarv (Xewell) Dewey, 1867: Elizabeth Ooodsell, 1858; Isabell White, 
1864; William Rounds. 1873: Angeline Riddle, 1857; Stacy Copperthwaite, 
1863; Ann B. Tezler, Maria Moore, 1875; Orrilla Rice, 1865; Chloe W. 
Maxfield, 1873: Benjamin Williams, soldier; 1864. Avery Rice. 1875; Julia 
A. Bates. 1874: Marv A. Dyer. 1875: Elizabeth Williams, 1868; Paulina 
A. Jackson, 1875; Elizabeth Wright, 1869; Catharine Spillman, 1864; 
William Williams, 1885; John L. Adams, soldier; 1863. Jonathan New- 
myre, 1857; Matilda Galley, 1857; Catharine Lowman, 1876. 

Modena ViUage. — The town of Modena was platted by Carson Ber- 
field for Williston K. Fuller and Miles A. Fuller in March, 1S53, and 
recoi'ded in July. 1S5('.. The location is sec. 1, T. 13, K., R. 6. E. The 
streets named were Main and Second running North and South, and 
Locust and Chestnut East and West. Among the purchases of lots at 
Modena before the war were the following named : Bethuel Greenfield, 
ISGO; W. K. and M. A. Fuller, 1856 ; AYilliam T. Leeson, A. W. Avery, 
James K. Oziah, 1801 ; B. F. Fuller, 1850; M. Y. Smith. 1800 ; Samuel 
C. Sharer, 1856; C. A. Dean, 185H; Charles Greenfield, 1861; S. IX 
Brees, 1859; Dexter Wall, 1S5!>; A. Y. Fuller, 1859; Trustees of J^ap- 
tist church, 1856 ; Eobert E. Westfall, 1858. 

The location is within the bend of Spoon river on the south east one- 
fourth of section 1, certainly one of the most picturesque places in the 
whole county. Across the river, and connected with Modena by the 
iron bridge is the bandet called Waldron or Wallden. Within the vil- 
lage and surrounding it are the coal mines, which, while detracting 
from the ]iastoral beauty of location, add to the wealth of the district. 

The business circle of Modena comprises A. Y. Fuller, general nier- 
cliant; J. B. Lukens, flouring-mill, and B. A. Newton, grocer. John 
Scott's coal shaft at Modena is forty-five feet, with several levels or 
entries. This was sunk in 1884. There are seven men in the levels. 
Horse-power is used in hoisting. Tiie product is from 400 to 500 per 
day. North of the shaft, on the road is the air-shaft. Across the 
road from Scott's shaft is the Talbot shaft, with air-shaft and pump 
south some distance. This is an okl shaft, forty-nine feet deep, with 
levels. This gives employment to five men. 

The pensioners residing at Modena in 1883 were Austin JefPers and 
Eobert Freeland, $2 each; Edward P. Wright, $4; A. H. Louden- 
bnrgh, !?0, and James IMontooth. *18. 

So much has been written in the general history and in the pages 
devoted to the old settlers of Modena that the writer withdrew fi'oui 


this ])art of the clia])ter several paragraplis, tin? pitli of wliich a])pe;ii's 
ill the pages devoted to biograph}-. 

The Stark Predestinarian Baptist Society dates back to August 15, 
1853, when a number of members of the old Sandy Creek Association, 
residing here and in Henry county, expressed a desire to l)e constituted 
a new church under the name Spoon River Predestinarian r>aptist 
Association. Elders Pobert F. Ilaynes, James B. Chenoweth and 
Clement Wirt, with Deacons Isaac Babbitt and Eliel Long, -were at 
this meeting, with J. B. Chenoweth, clerk, and Wm. J. Fillingliam was 
ordained. The twelve articles of faith wei'e adopted, and the consti- 
tution signed by Archibald, Charles, Martha and Eleanor Vandike, 
Catherine Bolt, Zarah, Benjamin and Jane Newton, Pobert and P]ioel)e 
Siiarer, Wm. J. Fillinoham, David Potter and Georg-e Beall. The 
new society applied for admittance into the Sand}' Creek Association, 
and the delegates, W. J. Fillingham, D. Potter and Zarah Newton 
took their seats as members thereof. On October 1, 1853, Arcliibald 
Vandike and David Potter were chosen deacons, and Zarah Newton, 
clerk. John Case, Elizabeth Case and Joseph Newton were admitted 
members. This meeting was held in tlie Fi'anklin school house. In 
1856 Edward Whyl^row, J. R. Atiierton and wife were i-eceived. In 
October, 1857, the name Spoon Piver Church of Christ, or Old School 
Baptist Church occurs on the records. Mr. Booher and wife, of 
Galva, and Mrs. Winchell were admitted members. In 1856 C. Van- 
dike was clerk. In 1858 Pebecca Boggs and William Davis Avere 
received. On October 1, 1856, the new meeting house at Modena was 
opened, and meetings 'held therein. In 1859 Margaret H. Taylor, 
Catherine Cox, Nancy Funderburg, Eli and Hester Batten, Sarah 
Hilliard, Isaac and Hannah Mehew joined the church. In 1860 
Catherine Lane, LenaWiuchell, Pebecca Thompson and Eliza Chenoweth 
became members. In 1863 Peter Rinard and wife, Levi Winchell, 
Hiram Bogart and wife, joined; in 1864 Isaac and Rachel Thni'ston, 
John W. Riner, Rachel Lviner and Maria Dunham l)ecanie members; 
in 1866 Orin Thompson, a soldier of Nebraska, and Sarah Smith were 
received; in 1868 I)elphine Newton joined, in 1870 Lewis Brasel and 
wife Mary, in 1871 Zel]jhe Collins and Oliver Stimson. 

Elder Chenoweth presided for the last time in August, 1866. Rev. 
Salle ]>resided in 1867, and William A. Thompson presided as moderator 
from February, 1868, to Jul}', 1870. Elder Dillon jn-esided in August, 
1870, Orin Thompson from November, 1870, to July, 1877, when the 
record closes, Cliarles Vandike serving as clerk all these j'ears. The 
present members are Catherine Bolt, Eleanor A'andike, Margaret 
Atherton, Catherine Cox, Rebecca Thompson, Eliza Chenoweth, Oliver 
Stimson, Hiram and Ehzabeth Bogart, Archibald A^andike, Delphine 
Newton, Zelphe Collins, Charles Vandike. 

About 1880 the "Mound Church," or the Cumberland Presbyterian, 
was i)urchased by James M. Jackson, and since that time the Baptists 
worship there. In 1879 the church at Modena was sold. There Rev. 
J. B. Chenoweth preached from 1853 to 1866, when he was succeeded 
by Orin Thompson. On his death Smith Ketchum, the present 
j)reacher, took charge. 


In 8ept(^mi)er, ISSfl, J. Y. Loiiiioii, of AFilo, raised a, harii, Uu^ 
])i'incii)al [)art oi' the frame ul' which is composed of the fnuiie of the 
old mill that was Imilt at ]\[odena man}' years ago, and was called 
Fuller's mill. The fi-ame is hard wood, and makes a very sul)stantial 

Moidton — was platted in Angust, 1836, for Eobert Schujder, Rnssell 
II. Neviiis, Wm. Couch, Abi jali Fischei' and David Lee. The location 
was four miles southeast of Toulon, on what is now tiie Solomon Wil 
kinson farm, as laid out in May of that year. The fact of a store 
being kept there by George and William Sammis was the incentive 
toward establishing a town here. About ISiO Eugenius Frum erected 
the frame of a house there, which was purchased by Benj. Turner, 
moved to Toulon, and stood there until June, ISSd, when it was 
demolished. At one time this little hamlet entertained great hopes of 
being the seat of justice for the new county on account on its geo- 
graphical position, but Miller's Point won the honor, and okl Moulton, 
with her traders and aspirations, passed out of existence. 

/Societies. — Almost tiie entire list of mutual benevolent associations 
find a place in the history of the villages of Toulon and Wyoming. 
Two, however, are so closely identified with the townshi]i that refer- 
ence to them is made here. The Farmers' Club of Toulon toAvnship, 
was organized in February, 1873. Signing the Constitution Avas next 
accomphshed when twenty members wei'e enrolled, as follows; N. 
W. Dewey, James Fraser, Eugene B. Lyon, Richard Tajip, B. G. Hall, 
David Guyre, Charles, Hartley, Benj. Turnei', Eobert McKeighan, T. 
II. Maxfield, Benj. Packer, Jr., William tlughes, John Black, Don C. 
Lyon, George AV. Dewey, Eli Benham, Fred R. Greenwood, Oliver 
Thomas, John T. Gardner, D. Lowman. The committee on perma- 
nent organization reported the following, Avhich, on motion, was ac- 
cepted and adopted in full : President. I). Lowman ; vice presidents, 
<4eo. W. Dewey, Benj. Turner; secretar}-, B. G. Hall; treasurer, Benj. 
Packer. The Starlv County Fai'mers' Association may be said to date 
back to July, 1873. The introduction of politics in September of that 
j'ear, which action was entirely opposed to the rules of the grange, 
may be said to liave destroyed this powerful organization. 

In subsequent pages devoted to family and pioneer history, a 
sketch of almost every one ])rominently connected with this township 
or any of its towns, is given. 


Toulon is the center of new associations. It borrows no propelling- 
power from venerated antiquarianism, since the spot where it stands 
was but yesterday wra,])t in solitai'v grandeur. Some western settle- 
ments are filled up with ijankrupts who have tletl from eastern credi 
tors, anxious only to obtain peace of mind and bread enough to eat; 
they are decayed and tempest-tossed vessels, stripped of sjiars and rig- 
ging, but Toulon, however, always claimed large exemption from these. 
Its first settlers were iron-souled and true-hearted men. They came 
determined to plow their way through the wilderness and make unto 
themselves pleasant homes — and they succeeded. The}' had a mis- 


sion, and they noljly performed it. The}' did their work roughly, yet 
they did it for all time. There is a sort of i-omanco in their histor\- 
that fascinates ; there is a kind of rustic simjilicity connected "with 
them that is trul}' poetic. Behind them were the homes the}' had left, 
the waterfalls that danced to their childish music, and the hills that 
echoed back their playful shouts. Before them was the wilderness, 
dark and gloomy, standing in all its solemnity. Look from the little 
village of the past to the city of the present and see what a contrast it 
])resents. It is set off with substantial dwellings, cultivated gardens 
and shaded streets. True to the progressive spirit of the age, its ])eo- 
ple have devoted themselves to the decoration of their homes. There 
are dry goods and millinery stores, grocery stores, clothing stores, 
hotels, drug stores, physicians, lawyei's, hardware and tinning estab- 
lishments, a woolen factorv, carriage factory, pi'inting liouses, harness 
makers, wagon shops, lumber merchants, cabinet-makers, stonemasons 
and painters. There is a bank, school houses and five churches, a 
number of benevolent and literarj^ societies, and not one saloon. Only 
a little over half a century ago the Indians of Walnut Grove, driven 
out by the patentees of their land, sought refuge in the groves round 
the present town and along Indian Creek in its vicinity. The name 
is taken from Toulon in Tennessee, which was suggested by Col. Hen- 
derson, and adopted. The population in 1S80 was 9(i7. but now esti- 
mated at al)Out 1.100. 

Prior, however, to this present name being applied, it was known 
to the pioneers as " Miller's Point." Harmon and Conrad Leek, who 
came to Indian creek in 1832 and who sold their lands south of Toulon 
to Col. Henderson in 1836, were undoubtedly the first white settlers in 
the neighl)orliood. Samuel Merrill came some time after Harmon 
Leek moved to Hennepin, and settled close by. In 1834- Minott Silli- 
nian moved to the neighborhood and resided here until ISSfi, when he 
opened the "Culbertson farm," just north. In the cabin which Miner 
erected there in 1833, he and Ephrairn Barnett kept house in July, 
1836, when the Llenderson family moved on the Leek claim, a short 
distance south. In 1832, Harris W. Miner erected a cabin not far 
from the Toulon depot; and it is fui'ther claimed for him and this sec- 
ti(jn that here the beginnings of cultivation of lands in this township 
were made, although Minott Silliman, who came in 18i3, does not 
state positively that any evidences of such improvement were observed 
by him. John Miller and Charlotte, his wife, of whom mention is 
made in the organic and other chapters, the original owners of Toulon, 
were the Hrst pei'manent residents, and the only ones when the county 
was organized. In October, 1841, Benjamin Turnei', his wife and her 
parents, the McWilliams'. moved into the county seat and erected the 
first Iniilding to which the name " house " could be appropriately ap- 
plied. Minott Silliman, the original owner of the land, built a cabin 
here as early as March 25, 1835, which, together with the land he sold 
to John Miller, who occupied both at the time the town was located, 
and deeded to the county the original site on the condition it should be 
made the " shire town " or countv seat. At this time the hication was 
called " Millers Point." 


Toulon WHS siu'vcyed by Carsou Berfiekl in August, 1841, on a ])art 
of the southwest one-quarter of Section 10, Township 13, Range 6. 
The streets named tliereon are Miller, Franklin, AVasliington' and Hen- 
derson running one way, and Vine, Main and JefJerson tlie otlier, with 
twenty-feet alleys between the first named streets, titled Plum, Cherry 
and Gra])e alleys. Tiie plat was acknowledged liy Jonathan Hodg- 
son and Wni. Ogle, commissioners, before John Miller, Prol)ate Justice 
of the Peace, and recorded by Benjamin Turner, deputy Pecoriler. At 
this time the evidences of the cornfields of the Indians were very 
plain, their fields having extended along the plateau where is now the 
residence of Samuel Purge, south to the lihodes farm and north to the 
Culbertson farm. Even in 1847 on the Shallenberger homestead evi- 
dences of corn-tields and Indian burial-grounds still existed. 

The sale of lots in tiie original town of Toulon, took place Se])t em- 
ber 14 and l.">, is-ll. To point out definitely tlie first owners of tiie 
lots then sold the following list of the 122 purchases is given. The 
higiiest price ])aid was §8fi for lot 10, block (i; the lowest price, $5 for 
lot 2, block 9, and !r>i"J for lot 1, lilock 1. The purchasers are named as 
follows: Harris Miner, lots and 1(»; E. (Treentield, lot 8; Calvin 
Powell, lot 5 ; O. Whitaker, lots 4 a-nd 1 ; John W. Henderson, lots 2 and 
3;)(!, block KJ ; Wm. Cue, lots 1, 4, 5, s and 9 ; Wm. P.owen, lot 2, Austin 
Grant, lots 3, (i and 7 l)iock 15 ; Z. Cooley, lot 1 ; Orrin Maxfield. lot 2; 
L. S. Dorrance, lot ."> ; AV. Bowen. lot S ; Jonathan Hodgson, lot 9 ; R. F. 
AVasiiliurn, lot 3, block 14; Jonathan Hodgson, lot 1; John W. Hender- 
son, lot 2 ; John Prior, lot 3 ; Harris ]\[iner, lot 9, l)lock 13 ; Wm. Cue, 
lot 1(1; Philip Miller, lot 9 ; Abel Mott, lot 8 ; J. H. Stipp, lot 5; Eugenius 
Frum, lot 4; Benjamin Turner, lot 1; John McWilliams, lots 2 and 3; Cyril 
Ward, lots C and 7, l)lock 12. John ililler, lot 1 ; Henry Breese,"lot 
4; Alex. Bothwell, lot 5; John Smith, jr., lot S; J. K. McClenahan, 
lot 9; Robert AlcClenaliau, lot 7; S. Dwire. lot fi; Smith Fry, lots 3 
and 2, block lU. John Miller, lot 2 ; Dr. Kinkaid, lots 3. 6, 7 ;"Thomas 
Colwell, lot 10; G. B. Gillett,lot 9 ; Nelson Grant, lot 8 ; David Essex, 
lots 5, 4 and 1, block 9. X. Cliaml)erlain, lot 10; D. Winter, lot 9 ; 
John McAYilliams. lot 5; Edley Brown, lots 4 and 1; S. Siiaw, lots 4 
andf); Calvin Eastman, lot 2, I. I). Lane, lot 8, block S. Martin 
Alasoii, lot 10; J. A. Parker, lot 9 ; Harris Miner, lots 5 and S; Jon- 
athan Hodgson, lots () and 3; B. M. Jackson, lots 1 and 7; Jarvill W. 
Chaffee, lot 2, i)lock 7. Stephen Trickle, lots 10, 7, 6 and 3 ; T. F. 
Hurd, let 9; J. Hodgson, lot 2; Harris Miner, lots 1 and 4; W. Car- 
ter, lot 5 : D. Winters, lot 8, block 6. Eugenius Frum, lot 9 ; Adam 
Perry, lots id ,and 7; H. Brees, lot 3; M. Sillinum, lot 2; I. AVard, lot 
1 ; I). AVinters. lot 4 ; T. J. Henderson, lot 5 ; H. Aliner, lot 8. block 5. 
John Prior, lot 2; AValter Richmond, lot 8; Ira AA^ard. Jr., lot 9; 
IJock 4. J. K. Lane, lot lo ; Robert Alitchell, lots 3, 2, and 9; Harris 
Miner, lots 4 and 5 ; Philip Miller, lot 8 ; block 3. Harris Miner, lot 
4, 5, 10 and 7 ; Nero A¥. Mounts, lot 1 ; J. Hodgson, lot 8 , A^irgil 
Pike, lot 6 ; W. Stowe, lot 3 ; James Johnson, lot 2 ; block 2. Elijah 
Greenfield, lot 7; Calvin Powell, lot ti; H. Miner, lot 2; Calvin East- 
man, lot 10 ; Cyril Ward, lots 9, 8, 5, 4 and 1 ; block 1. 

The sale of lots under special authority, legislative enactment. 


whicli took phice Aprils, 1849, resulted as follows : Calvin L. Eastman, 
lots 2 and 7 ; IjIocIv 1. Geo. W. Fuller, lot : block 2. John W. Hen- 
derson, lot' ; David P. Winter, lot 6; Elijah McClenahan, Jr., lot 7: 
block 3. John W. Henderson, lots 1, ?> and 5; Andrew Drav, lots 7 
and 10, block i. Simon S. Pleller. lot 1, block 5. Bushrod Tai)p. lot 
1 and 3 ; block S. Isaac C. Eeed, lot lU, block 12. John A. Williams, 
lot 4; Daniel I). Driscoll, lot 5; Geo. A. Worley, lot 1; T. J. Hender- 
son, lots 7 and 10 ; l)lock 13. Joiin W. Henderson, lot 4; John Emery, 
lots 1 and 7 ; Thomas Hall, lot lo; ljk>ck 14. Jacob Holgate, lots 1 
and 4 ; Minott Silliman, lots 5, 8 and 9 ; Thomas Hill, lot 10 ; block 
15. The prices ranged from $(i..iO for lot fi, block 8 ; to $60 for lot 6, 
bloclv .5. Mrs. Shallenberger, referring to the first sale says: "The old 
home of Mr. Turner, north of Dr. Ohaml)erlain's drug stoi-e, and west 
of the square, was originally purcliased for $45.00, while lot 1, in lilock 
14, (the site of the First Baptist C'liurch) considered to be very choice, 
was bought by a Knox county man, Z. Cooley, for $70.75. Mr. Theo- 
dore F. Hurd, has the honor of investing the largest sum in any one 
lot at the first sales, he having paid $75, for lot 6, in block 9." 

Henderson & Whitaker's addition to Toulon was surveyed by Wm. 
H. Greenwood and Sylvester F. Otmnn, in Angust 1856. This tract ex- 
tended Soutii from the alley Nortii of (Uinton street to the Xorth line 
of Thomas street, and from the East line of the original town to the 
line of Union street, of course exclusive of the proposed W. A. L. E. 
R. and depot grounds. 

Culbertson's Eastern addition to Toulon, extending East from Union 
street, was surveyed by S. F. Otman in December, 1885, and ac- 
kowledged by John Culbertson. 

The Toulon Cemetery Extension, surveyed by H. H. Oliver, for 
Oliver Whitaker, Ai)ril 20, 1885; the sui'vey beginning at the north- 
eastern corner of original cemetery. 

The establishment of the county seat under a village government 
dates !)a,ck to October, 1857. when, of the thirty-six voters within the 
original town, and Henderst)n, Whitaker & Culbertson's additions 
thirty-two voted in favor of local government. The trustees then 
elected were E. L. Emery, president ; Oliver Whitaker, Miles A. Fuller, 
William Eowman, and Isaac C. Reed, trustees. Of all work done 
under this organization, the newspaper contains little, while no official 
record can be found. The people appealed to the legislature for relief 
in the form of I'egulating the foi'ui of government, and in response was 
passed the charter of February 11, 1859, defining powei^ and duties 
f the trustees of Toulon. Dui'ing the eight, succeeding j'ears under 
the new organization, trustees met at intervals, approved a few ordi- 
nances for side-walks and government; hut not until the winter of 
1867-8 did they venture to agree to any [)roposition entailing much 
expense to. or providing for much comfort for the citizens. During 
that wintei' they authorized the building of 300 per cent more side- 
walks tlum ail their predecessors did condiined. On April 6, 1868, the 
first temperance village board of Toulon was elected, and it does not 
seem at all strange, that since 1868, the records, good, bad or indif- 
fent, ;ire in existence. This, at least, temperance has affected. The fact 



of the old records being missing is its own commentary on tlie old offi- 
cials, many of whom, liowever, were as substantial and sober as any 
wlio ever succeeded them. 

In the fall of 1865 the old improvement era of Toulon returned. 
A. J. Wright, C. M. Johnson. C. Thorp, Alf. Geirliart, f'arson Berfield, 
George (Treen, Captain Armstrong. Wells Wiiite and otliers imjiroved 
their homes or l)uilt new ones, and following up tlieii' example the 
council considered ineasures for improvement of the streets, but did 
not api)rove of them until three years after. 

The questi<jn of subscribing $10,000 to aid the Peoria and Rock 
Island Railroad was submitted to the citizens of the "Town of Toulon," 
June 4, 1S6S, when 108 voted for and 10 against. Gill, Nixon and H. 
15. Johnson were judges, and J. M Brown and D. Tinlin clerks. 

The trustees of tlie village, elected in ISGS, and four succeeding 
years, are Uiimed as follows : 

C. M, S. Lyon, Davis Lowmau. A. P. Gill, David Tinlin, H. Y. Godfrey, 1868. 

Hugli Y. Godfrey, Andrew Galbraith, James Gillan, C W. Patterson, R. .J. Dicken- 
son, 1869, 

C. M. S. Lyon, Patrick Nowlau, Branson Lowman, .lames Gillan. C. W. Patterson, 

Joseph D. Rhodes, Patrick Xowlan, Denis Mawbey, Daniel Ginsirich, Stc|)heu Llovd, 

James Xolan, Benjamin C. FoUett, John Morrison, Denis ^lawbey, A. Galbraith, 

In 18i>8. A. P. Gill was treasurer and David Tinlin clerk; Gill con- 
tinued in 1869, with R. J. Dickinson clerk. Patrick Nowlan served 
as treasurer and clerk from April, 1870, until 1872, when he was suc- 
ceeded in the dual office by Benjamin C. Follett. In 1870, Daniel Mc- 
Cance was appointed ])()lice magistrate: succeeded in 1872 by Seth 
Johnson. In the latter year Martin Shnllenherger was appointed city 

A petition was presented to the trustees of the town of Toulon, 
July 21, 1873, asking that the question of village organization l)e 
placed before the people. The signers were : James M. Lowman, 
T. M. Shallenberger, Edwin l?utler, Elmer Bates, W. (). Johnson, 
Frank Marsh, M. Shallenberger, W. S. ]\lerriman, 8eth Johnson, Elitis 
Lvon, David Hewitt. D. S. Hewitt, James Culbertson, G. W. Nicholas, 
C. D. Ward. Alex. Ileadley. E. A. Burge, II. B. Johnson, B. Pierson, 
J. W. Morrison, S. J. Connelly, George Nowlan, Henry Jones, James 
Kerns, P. M. Blair, John Devers, Samuel Grimsliaw, J. W. Phimmer, 
H. Geisenheyner, James II. Miller, D. J. Walker. ('. E. Harrington, 
George (4raen, Laton Lyon and C. J. RoJ)ins. An election was ordered 
for August 26. 1873, which resulted : .")8 for and 30 against. The Town 
Board then declared the village to be organized as the '• N'illage of 

The trustees of the village, 1873-8(5, ;ire named as follows: 

Dennis Mawljev, Benj;iiiiin C. Follett, Warner Williams, H. Stauifer, James Now- 
lan, 187:3. 

Patrick Xowlan, Samnel Burge, W. S. Merriman. D. J. Walker, f. E. Stone, S. Jl. 
Adams. 1H74. 

Patrick Xowlan, .lames Ndwhin, Warner Williams. W. llea<llev. J. I). Khoiles. (;. 
K. Stone, 1875. 


.Toseph D. Rhodes, D. J. Walker, H. Stauffer, W. Williams. W. Headley, .James 
Nowlau, 1876. 

.J. jM. Brown, C. M. S. Lvon, O. Brace, Patrick Nowlau, Cora U. Pierce, Y. B. 
Thornton, 1877. 

Patrick Nowlau, D. J Walker, C. E. Stone, B. P. Thompson, Anton Sandquist, 
D. S. Hewitt. 1878. 

J. M. Brown, J. D. Rhodes, D. J. Walker, E. B. Bass, A. P. Miller, Samuel J. 
Connelly, 1879. 

W. S. Merriman, W. Williams, S. J. Connelly, .J. M. Brown, II. Shivvers, K. Mat- 
thews, 1880. 

W. E. Merriman, T. Bacmei.ster, S. J. Connelly, .T. :\r. Flint, D. Murchisou, K. 
>Iatthows, 1881. 

T. Bacmeister, Samuel Burge, H. M. Hall. S. .1. Connelly, 1883. 

Saunifl Burjie, T. Bacmcister, J. M. Brown, J. B. Cooley, 1883. 

Samuel Burae. James P. Ileadlev. Frank W. Lvon. ^.884. 

J. M. Browii, T. Bacmeister, .1. 15. f'oolev, J. it. Lowman, 1885. 

Sauuiel Burge, J. ,M. Lowman, .T. P. Headley, 1S86. 

Tlie fifst named in each line served as ]n'esident of the council, 
but I). S. Hewitt was acting president at many meetings in 1878. 

The treasurers since 1873 are thus named: B. C. Follett, 1873; 
James 11. Miller, 1874: George Nowlan, 1875-76; C. E. Stone, 1877; 
,1. M. lirown, 1S7S; E. Mosher, lS7!;i-S0; H. G. Mosher, 1881-86. 

The clerks of the village are named as follows: B. C. P^oUett, 18 


H. M. Hall, 1874-75; J. M. Lowman, 1876-81; G. C. Van Osdell, 
1882-83; George Nowlan, 1884-86. 

The police magistrates were: 1875, Thomas M. Shailenberger ; 1876, 
Frank W. Fuller; 1877, Elisha Mosher, who died in March, 1881 ; 1882, 
H. W. JSTewland, and 1886. Charles A. Stauffer. 

The attornevs elected are named as follows; 1874, Miles A. Fuller; 
, 1S7H, Martin Sliallenlierger ; 1879, Miles A. Fuller; 1880, B. F. Thomp- 
son; 1883, James II. Miller; 1886, M. A. Fuller. 

In 1883, Gustave A. Lincl was apjiointed fire superintoudent, Edwin 
Butler engineer and surveyor, and James H. Miller superintendent of 

Benjamin Turner was appointed ])ostmaster at Toulon in 1841; 
continued in 1845 under the Polk administration ; c(nitinued in 1849 
under Zacii;irv Taylor's commission ; in 1850, under Fillmore's admin- 
istration, and under that of Franklin Fierce, 1853-57; , under Bu- 
chanan, until succeeded by Oliver Wliitaker, and lastly, under Andrew 
Johnson. The name of Mr. Catterlin, of Catterlin & Pierce, a])peafs 
as postmaster in 1850-52, succeeding John Smith. On February 10, 
1863, Oliver Wliitaker was apjiointed postmastei', and held the office 
until October, 186)f;, when he was succeeded by Benjamin Turner. In 
i860, Oliver White, now of Peoria, was appointed, vice Benjamin 

In January, 1882, the office was raised to a second class, with 
salary of |l,'00o. In .luly, 1883, G. A. Thomas resigned as post- 
master, when Frank W. Lyons was appointed. The rank of the office 
was reduced, and ui) to July 1, 188('>, was ranked at fourth rate, but 
was raised to a presidential office tiiat day. On April 9, 1885, J. 
Knox Hall was commissioned postmaster. On Ai)ril 2'!, 1883, a tele- 
])hone was placed in the office, connecting Toulon with Wyoming and 
other towns. 


It is stated that during Taylor's administration, one John Smitli, 
of the firm of Smitli &; Dunn, was appointed postmaster. The new 
officer did not appear to suit all people, so that, through the influence 
of Benjamin Turner, Martin Shallenberger and Abrani Lincoln, Joseph 
Catterlin was ajipointed in his place. This Catterlin is said to have 
been a centennarian when he died at Kewanee. 

The old Iniilding on the west side of the square, which sheltered 
the SenttneJ office from the south wind, with the lot on which it stood, 
was purchased in June. 18S6, from the Geisenheyner estate, by Hop- 
kins Shivvers for 8150. The editor of the Sentinel gives the following 
history of it: "The frame was built in the year of 184-3 by Eugenius 
Frum, at a point about four miles southeast of here, on the Solomon 
Wilkinson farm, called Moulton, the contemplated county-seat, but 
Toulon, being an aspirant, gained the point, when the frame 
moved on its present site, and shortly afterward Avas bought and 
finished up by Benjamin Turner, and stocked up with goods by Mr. 
f'ulbertson, who, for three mf)nths, carried on the mercantile business, 
when Mr. Turner sold it to Samuel Beatty, who bronght on a stock of 
goods and continued the business until about 18-49, when Catterlin & 
Pierce became proprietors, and built an addition on the west side, 
where they lived. They also engaged in merchandising, and about 
1850 Father Catterlin was appointed postniaster, and for aljout two 
years the postoffice was here. A few years later, it was purchased by 
Ilerraan Geisenheyner, who converted it into a tin shop and hardware 
store, and occupied it for a number of yeai'S, when it was abandoned 
for more commodious quarters. For some time Hiram "Willett occu- 
pied it for a hardware store, after which it was used for a store-room, 
but for the last ten years it has been \vithout an occu])ant, and counted 
an 'eye-sore' to the place, and gradually going down, but the hai'd 
wood of wdiich it was constructed yielded slowly to the elements tend- 
ing to ruin and decay. During the campaign of 1884, an attemjit was 
made to utilize it for a bonfire, when the west end was torn down and 
the proceedings stopped. On July 2, 1886, the underpinning was 
knocked out and a slight push brought it crashing to the ground. Mr. 
Sliivvers says the first class-meeting lie attended in this country was 
in this building." In November, 1SS(), the council considered the 
question of purchasing this and adjoining lots for a park; but the 
question was negatived, and at once the old cheese factory was moved 
thereon for Veterinary-surgeon Edwards, to be used as a horse in- 

In 18.57. Dewey & Nowlan, Stone & Shook, and John Culbertson 
were the princijial dealers. The hitter's store stood wliere the Method- 
ist parsonage now is. Herman Geisenheyner's hardware was in the 
old house just torn down, while Miss C. Donavan carried on the mill- 
inery business. In 185S, this lady moved her stock to the east side of 
the square. W. M. Miner was county agent for Gibb's patent sewing- 
machine. Smith & Dunn were old-time dry goods merchants, carrying' 
on trade in the house now* occupied as a millinery by tiie Misses \Vol 
gamood. wliicii in early years stood where Starrett Bros, dry goods 
house now^ is. 




While referring to the old traders of Toulon, it is weU to give the 
follo\ving absti'act of Herman Geisenheyner's daj'-book for part of 
January, 1856. The orthography is Geisenheyner's own : 

Jan. 1. H. Roths, paid l).v cash $10 

" " Boath of Emery, groceries. 1 6.5 

" B.y cash to-day 44 1.5 

" 3. Wm. Adkins, mending coal 

hod lo 

" ,t ," M. Nolon. mending 1 sifter. 50 
",; " Boath of Howard, 35 bushels 


" " Emry paid by cash 5 00 

'■ Brinkerhoif, 1 coal hod and 

tea-pot 1 5C 

" Baptist church, 1 coal hod. 1 50 

" " By cash today 5 15 

" 3 Couwerthwete, balance on a 

coal cooking stove 30 00 

" " Arnold, paid by cash 30 83 

" " Paid by cash to Loven Wood , 13 00 
" 4 David Lownian, mending a 

milk strainer 15 

" " Send by mail to Vincent 

Howard & Co., Chicago. 100 00 
" " By cash to Thomas White. . 50 00 
" " By cash today 6 30 

.Jan. 5 ,Tohn Beerfeeld, balance to a 

coal cooking stove 10 00 

" District school house, 1 large 

coal stove, "Salamander" 16 00 
" " Theodor Trimmer, paid by 

cash 5 00 

■' W. Lowmau, paid by cash.. 15 60 
'■ " Theodor Trimmer, 1 coal hod 100 
" Boath of Emery, tea and 

candles 60 

"I. Pix, paid in cash T 00 

" Dacorate pen man, 1 coal 

stove 7 50 

'■ Dr. Hall, stove-pipe 3 50 

■' " By cash today 40 10 

7. By cash, from the Baptist 

"church 46 00 

" Dr. Chamberlin, mending.. 18 
" J. G. Hewitt, join pipe and 

elbuw and household. ... 4 67 
9. Collins paid by settlement. 4 90 
" 11. Fifty bushel of coal from 


Among his other customers during this month were George Jame- 
son, WilHam Sweet, Samuel Tiiomas. Lasher or Larker, the coal miner 
at AVyoming, S. Siiaw, Joseph Keidd, — . Annis, — . Biers, Elias Roof, 
Jackson Lorenz. Oliver Whitaker, Martin Shallenberger, — . Shurz, 
John Culbertson, and Starrett. The old store-keeper is said to have 
known exactly what his own entries meant, even if others could not 
understand them. 

The John Miller calnn stood close by, or on the spot where Legg 
built his residence, now the home of Dr. Bacmeister. Tliis cabin was 
moved near the present office of the News, where Norman Butler had 
his blacksmith shop, was occupied by Charles Johnson in 1847, and 
subsequently converted into a coal house by Norman Butler. 

The first hotel was conducted by Benjamin Turner in a house moved 
to the northwest corner of the square, the same in which Angur, 
Shurtz, Bradley and otliers, used as a store in later years. Jlr. Tur- 
ner kept a dry g(_)ods store in the front [)art of his hotel. 

Alexander Abel kept a tavern on the site of the Virginia House. 
It was one of the real-old time taverns. H^e also Charles White kept 
a grocery, the same who for some years carried on that business in a 
house which stood where P. M. Blair's residence now is. 

B. A. Hall, conducted a tavern and hotel in the Itrick house on 
JNIain street, now the residence of James Nowlan. William Rose also 
carried on the same business here. The house was liuilt by Jolin 
Karr, now of Missouri. 

Tlie Virginia Jiouse was establisiied by the late Mr. Coolcy. in 
18-±l>. on the site of Abel's Tavern. Many additions were made to this 

TOUi.ON Towxsnir. 267 

house, and up to 1^7?>, it was the leading liotel of tlie county, and is 
still a well conducted house. 

Tlie Follett House was erected in 1873, hy 'Sir. Stockner. and was 
known as the Stoclcner House until 1SS2, wlien the property was pur- 
chased by B. C. Follett, the house remodeled, and tlie name of the 
new owner conferred on it. For some years a large saloon business 
was carried on in the basement of this house, but on the new proprie- 
tor taking possession, this department was closed up and converted 
into a store-room. Tiie house enjoys a large trade, both on account of 
its position and tlie popularity of the jn'oprietor. 

As early as 1832, milling facilities, though of a very primitive char- 
acter,- were brought within easy distance of the few settlers then in the 
county. Nine years later the second dwelling was established on the 
site of Toulon, so that there did not exist a demand for a manufactur- 
ing concern here then, nor indeed for some years later. In 18-19, Jeif- 
rey ('ooley ojiened the first modern hotel, doing away at once with the 
old-time tavern. (In 1859 the name " Virginia- House," was conferred 
on this hotel.) Stores were then carried on here, one or two being- 
pioneer concerns ; the blacksmith and wagon shop was also here. In 
JanuaiT, 18.56, an extensive wagon factory was started b}^ H. White 
& Co. In December, 1863, John Culbertson ctmipleted his steam mill 
under the supervision of Elder Wright. The Rice carding mill was 
put up in the summer of 186.5. 

Dewey tt Lowman, merchants and bankers added a stoiy to their 
building in the fall of 1865. C. E. Harrington erected a two-storv 
store, P. xV: J. Xowlan erected a large business house on the site of 
their old store, and C. J. Robins built a cottage, east of the depot 
ground. Seth Rockwell, and T. Thornton also built this year. 

A meeting to consider ways and means for establishing a ^voolen 
factory at Toulon was held February 10, 1866. James Woods pre- 
sided, with Will. Nowlan, secretary. Andrew Oliver, J. H. Quinn 
and I. L. Newman re]iorted favorably on promises of subscriptions. 

On August 3, 1867, a well written notice of the enterprise of Cul- 
bertson, Scotield & Baldwin appeared in the Stai'k county Democrat. 
At that time their new woolen mills were in operation. 

A cheese manufacturing company was organized December 22, 
1871, with a capital of $5,1)00. The manufacture of cheese was com- 
menced May 10, 1875, and closed for the winter, October 23 of the 
same year. During this first season there were 120,616 ])onnds of 
milk purchased, from which 11,800 pounds of cheese were manufac- 
tured, at a cost of §4,850.74 for milk and labor. The cost of buildings 
and machinery was 83,500. 

On Jiinuary 15, 1885, this old cheese factory at Toulon was opened 
as a skating rink by Knocke Bros. In November, 1886, itwas moved 
to the west side of the public scjuare. 

The beginning of the banking lousiness of Toulon may be credited 
to John Culbertson, Avho, in connection Avith his extensive business, 
carried on a real estate and loan office in such a manner as to extend 
to his neighbors and customers many facilities. Samuel M. Dewey, 
also one of the leading merchants, was equally accommodating, so 


that prior to the establishment of a regular system of banking, money 
could be purchased at the ruling rate of interest. The bank of Toulon 
or Small & Walley's bank, \vas established in 1S60. Benjamin Lom- 
bard was the actual owner. Georgia and Cai'olina bonds formed the 
security for their issue of bills so that in closing here only the holders 
of such bills lost to the extent of 25 per cent. In the spring of 1865 
Messrs. Dewey & Lowman offered United States notes of the $230,- 
000,000 7-30 "loan for sale. In December, 1865, Messrs. Dewey & 
Lo\VTnan established a Ijanking house. Mr. Dewey died in the fall of 
1866, and the banking and mercantile departments were carried on 
under the title of Burge it Dewey until lS:i9, ^Yhen Samuel Burge 
purchased the interests of the Dewey estate, and in the spring of 1870 
gave his attention exclusively to banking. In 1879 Charles P. Dewey 
was admitted into partnershij), the firm title now being " Bui'ge & 
Dewey." For some years D. J. AValker held the position of cashier, 
George Nowlan succeeding him. For over twenty-one years this 
house has held its position among the most solid banking houses in the 

The opening of the R. I. & P. R. R. was celebrated in a peculiarly 
happy manner b}' Charles Myers, who shipped the first load of grain 
from Toulon, April 1, 1871, to John A. Maxfield. He erected a large 
elevator in 1872, and later erected the residence now owned by P. P. 
Johnson, had his office under a Cottonwood tree, which stood near the 
depot, and carried his i)ooks in his vest jjocket. A second grain ware- 
house has been added and the modern methods and extensive business 
of Levi Silliman have taken their place. Patrick Nowlan was super- 
ceded as station a^^ent by King Matthews of Rock Island in Septem- 
ber, 1878. King Matthews commenced railroading on a R. I. &. St. 
L. construction train in 1870, served as freight conductor there, and m 
1878 was appointed agent at Toulon, where he served until Jul)', 1882, 
when he moved to Fulton county. 111. On May 1, 1881, Station Agent 
Rockwell resigned his position and was succeeded by Presley Greena- 
walt. Mr. Stickney, the present agent, is a son of Elder Stickney, an 
old settler of the county. The office ranks among the first on the 
road, and is among the first in the matter of its iulministration. 

The leading business houses of Toulon comprise the banking house 
of Burge & Dewey, Charles M. Swank, George S. Lawrence, Ciuirles 
Price, Starrett Bros., L. Watson it Son, Christ}' <k Rist, W. S. Merri- 
man. Pierce Bros., Davis & Fed, merchants ; Levi Silliman, grain and 
lumber merchant ; L. & R. Wolgamood, Mrs. Sweeden, and A. N. 
Prout, milliners; Carl Lehman, G. S. Lawrence, 11. Stanley, W. White 
ife Co., carriage and wagon factories ; C'arlin ete Sickles, cigar manufac- 
turers; J. Edwards, veterinary surgeon; Stephen Deaver, woolen 
mills; Norman E. Pomeroy, Jose^ih Widther. A. Sundquist, furniture 
dealers ; J. Walther, cabinet maker ; John D Pierson, James Price, 
Robei't Price, harness nuikers ; S. J. Connelly, W. A. Newton, 
meat market; James P. Ileadley, brick manufacturer; D. S. Hewitt, 
jeweler; P. P. Johnson, nurseryman; George Martin, fruit grower 
and ice deah^r; AVilliiini "Mason, sorgiium manuf;ietnrer and 
apiarist; ('. A\'. Teeter and \V. C. Wall, druggists; A. F. Stickney, 

Toi'r.oM TowNsiiir. '2i'i'.) 

railroad, telegraph and express agent; William Verfuss. bakery and 
restaurant ; Edwin Ikitler and Giis Iliilsizer, newspaper and job 
offices ; Oliver Whitaker, insurance and pension agent ; G. C. Van 
Osdell, photographer, news agent, and justice of the peace; B. C. 
Follett, ])ro]irietor of Follett House ; Cooley & Sexsmith, Virginia 
House; William S. Templeton, house-mover ; Frank Hook and Bruce 
& Sellon, liver\' ; AV. W. Williams cfe Son, Kobins, Colburn & Son, and 
D. Beers, carjienters ; Peter Custer, Bichard Hoadley, C. Bradley, Carl 
Lehman, W. White, blacksmiths. 

MetJwdist ChurcJi. — The beginnings of the church are referred to 
in the history of Wyoming. In 1841 a class was formed just south of 
Toulon, with Caleb B. Flint, leader. In 1842, John Prior's log cabin 
was the head(|uarters. Four years later a class was formed at Toulon 
and a quarterly meeting held at Samuel Beatty's house, with A. E. 
Phel])s, presiding ; John G. Whitcomb, P. C; George C. Holmes, 
Ct. P.; W. C. Cummings, assistant ; Jolin Cummings, Jonathan 
Hodgson, P. J. Anshutz, C. Bostwick and Jonas J. Hedstrom, L. P.; 
David Essex, Weslev Blake and A. Oziah, exhorters; Isaac Thomas, 
William Hall, Samuel Halstead, J. Hazen, I. Berry, W. M. Pratt, J. 
H. Wilbur, and C. Yocum, leaders and stewards. This class Avon many 
additions during the following five years, from 1851-52 we find it 
mentioned as Josejih Catterlin's class, with place of meeting at Samuel 
Beatty's house. Among the members were the leader and his wife, 
Caleb B. Flint, Joseph Essex, Andrew Swarts, Charles M. Johnson, 
Samuel Beatty, John H. Smith, Joseph R. Riddle, J. C. Cowpertlnvaite, 
and their wives. Others belonging at that time were : Ruth White, 
Mary Shull, Martha Pierce, Rachel and Eliza Catterlin, Rebecca 
Ring, Eliza, Eveline and Sarah Armstrong, Sarah A. Shockley, Jane 
Flint, Jane Whitaker, Susan Jones, Mary J. and Lydia Lazenby, Rachel 
Cox, Peter Wilson, Morrow P. Arinstrong, Davis Lowman,' Ignatius 
Beaver and Joseph L. Flint. Hopkins Shivvers was subsequently a 
menrber of this class, joining in 1853. 

The subject of cliurch Iniikling was discussed June 2, 1853, Rev. C. 
Lazenbee, presiding, with S. Beatty, secretary. Joseph Catterlin, 
Joseph H. Riddle, Charles N. Johnson, Bushrod Tapp and Samuel 
Beatty were chosen trustees, and empowered to build a church, and 
later, W. F. Thomas and T. J. Wright were appointed a building com- 
mittee. Within a year a frame building was erected at a cost of $2,000, 
which continued in use down to December 6, 1885, when the last ser- 
vices were held therein. The following record of pastors is taken from 
Mr. Hulsizer's history of 18S5 : ''Following Rev. Lazenbee was Rev. 
March, then E. Ransom, in 1S56, with A. J. Jones, assistant; A. Hep- 
perly, in 1S58 ; J. Mathews, with C. W. Pollard, assistant, in 1859 ; 
W. J. Smith, with D. S. Main; assistant, 18G0-61; A. C. Price, 1862- 
63; D. M. Hill, 1864-65. During the last year of Rev. HilFs work, 
now about eleven years since the church was built, it was found 
necessary to repair it, and five hundred dollars were expended in fix- 
ing it up. W. J. Beck was the pastor in 1866 ; B. C. Dennis, in 1867 ; 
G. W. Gue, in 1868-69-70 ; W. J. Beck, in 1871 ; A. Bower, in 1872- 
73; B. Kauffman, in 1874; W. Watson, in 1875-76. During the last 


3'ear's work of Rev. "Watson, it was again thougiit to be needful that 
the church be repaired, and in accordance therewith, five liundred dol- 
lars were again expended in fixing it up. W. B. Caruthers was the 
pastor in 1877; D. T. Wilson, 1878-79; D. G. Stouffer, 1880-81-82; 
T. J. Wood, 1883 ; W. W. Carr, October 1, 1884 ; moved to Cambridge, 
October 20, 188G. 

On Mr. Carr coming here he failed not to state that the old church 
was very much behind the times, and at once took steps toward build- 
ing a new one. In Maj', 1885, he reported a subscription of about 
$4,000 readv, when the board of trustees, consisting of H. Shivvers, 
W. B. Nelson, J. DeMuth, Dr. T. Bacmeister, Martin Bust, O. Brace, 
D. Tinlin, J. B. Cooley, and W. A. Ne^\i:on, were duly authorized to 
procure a lot on the corner of Main and Henderson streets, and proceed 
to erect thereon, of brick, a new Methodist E})iscopal church, the entire 
cost not to exceed $5,500. A building committee, consisting of Rev. 
W. W. Carr, Dr. T. Bacmeister, D. Tinlin and O. Brace, was appointed, 
and the work entered into at once. About July 15, the contract was 
let to T. M. Mercer, of Astoria, and on July 27, 1885, the first brick 
was placed. The corner-stone was placed August 0, 1885, which, how- 
ever, was removed in Sejitember, to give place to a more substantial 
one. On the first occasion a subscription was taken up for the pur- 
chase of a bell. Mrs. Jennie E. Stoufl'er contributed seven verses to 
aid this cause, one of which reads: 

I'm a fine cliurcli bell with a silvery tongue, 
And high in the belfry I want to be hung, 

Of the new M. E", church in Toulon. 
I'm here at the foundry awaiting your call, 
Will come in a hurry and hope to suit all 

The good people who live in Toulon. 

The bell was first tolled here, October 29, 1885, and before the 
close of tlie year the last services were held in the old house of 1853. 

The secretaries of conference since 1867, are named as follows : 
Davis Lowman, 1867; G. L. Smith, 18(!8 ; Davis Lowman, 186S-70; J. 
G. Armstrong, 1870; Davis Lowman, 1871 ; B. G. Hall, 1872 ; D. Low- 
man, 1873; B. G. Hall, 1S77 ; J. C. Cowperthwaite, 1878; B. G. Hall, 
1879 ; D. S. Wilson, 1880 ; D. R. Tinhn, 1880, and Gus Hulsizer, 1881- 
86. In 1867 Toulon charge emljraced Starwano and Rising Sun. 

Conqregational Chnrc/i. — The beginnings of this church enter very 
fnlly into the pei'sonal historv of Rev. S. G. Wright. He was born in 
Hanover, N. J., in 1809, settled with his wife in Fulton county in 1832, 
where he engaged in agriculture for a time, and then attended Lane 
Seminary. In 1841, the Home Missionar}' Society commissioned him 
to labor in Stark county, and he took up his residence at Niggers' Point, 
also known as the Webster Settlement, in West Jersey township. He 
preached at Lafayette, AVyoming, Osceola, AYalFs School House, Moul- 
ton, at Hugh Rhodes' and" Nicholson's houses, at AValnut Creek, A^ic- 
toria, Henderson and Wethersfield. In January-, 1842, he preached at 
Toulon, within the court house, just then comjileted, and with one ex- 
ception, held services every month thereafter for some time. The Mor- 
mons worked hard against him, calling him an "abolitionist," and "nig- 


gvi' stealer." Tie outlived tiiis opiiosition. and on Noveniljei- 29, 1840. 
he and Rev. L. II. Parker oi'iiaiiized the tirst oi'thodox Congregational 
chnrch of Toulon. He was identified with this society until Decendjer, 
185-1. Writing tVoni 15rii(»kville. Kan., December 7, 1882. to his friends 
at Toulon, he says: * * * * Thirty -three years ago this month, the 
writer went round Toulon with a subscription paper to collect funds 
for building the house in which you have so long worshipped. On Jan- 
uary 14, 1850, he went to Wethersheld. to view the new church there. 
On July 4 he went to Henry county to learn conld lumljer be got there, 
and five days later he went thither with Jose]ih Perry to conclude the 
purchase of lunilier. On the LStli he borrowed .s70(> from a Fulton 
countv man, and a few days later, wath James M. Flint, selected the 
lumber and held himself responsible for §130.65. During September 
he drummed np hands to (juarry and lianl rock, and also teams to haul 
lumber from Henry. He. with .Joseph Perry, worked several days in 
the quarry, and in loading antl teaming. In May, 1851, he procured 
glass, in .June, a lightning rod, and in September, hauled sand for plas- 
tering. On Septemljer 21. 1851 (the Universalists occu]iied the court 
house), he extemporized seats and worshipjied in the church for the first 
time. On Fel>ruary 8, the first senuon was preached in it. Jonathan 
Blanchard, D. D.. dedicated the house April 17, 1852. 

In the following summary of the well-kept records of this church, 
few, if any, names connected with it, escape mention : On November 
29, 184<;, a meeting of Congregationalists was held at Toulon, Rev. L. 
H. Parker and S. G. "Wright attending. At this meeting a society was 
organized imder the title " First Orthodox Congregational Church of 
Toulon," with the following- named members: Jonathan and Hannah 
Ehodes, Hugh and Julia Rhodes, all by letter from the Presbytei'ian 
church at Lafayette ; Mrs. Eliza Rhodes, from the Wesle3'an church of 
Knox county: Giles C. Dana, by letter from M. E. church, and Mary 
A. Dana, from the Main street church, Peoria ; Sophronia E. Rhodes 
and Franklin Rhodes. In March, 1847, there were admitted, Mrs. Ma- 
tilda Hall, iliss Eliza Jane Hall. Orrin and Sarah Rhodes, Robert and 
Sarah Xicholson, John and ilaiy Pollock, from the Presbyterian church 
at Lafayette, and Mi's. Jane Bradley, from the Presbyterian church in 
Ireland. In May, 1847. Hugh Rhodes was delegate to the Central Asso- 
ciation, and Jonathan Rhodes was delegate in the fall of that year. In 
April. 184.S, George and Ann Bradley, from the Presbyterian church in 
Ireland, were received, and Mrs. Eliza Jane Flint from the church at 
KnoxviUe. In June, 1818, Samuel G. and ^Minerva Wright, Edward P. 
Wright and Susan Durand were received from the S])oon River Presb}'^- 
terian Church. At this time Hugh Rhodes, Joseph K. Newton and Giles 
C. Dana were elected deacons and S. G. Wright clerk. In July JMrs. C. 
M. S. Lyon (S. E. Rhodes) joined the Spoon River church. In'lS47 Mr. 
Wright was chosen pastor, Hugh Rliodes and Giles C. Dana deacons and 
Hugli Rhodes clerk. In July, 1849, Chas. Flint was added to the board 
of deacons, and the same month Hannah Rhodes died. The trustees 
elected in September were Xorman Butler, Joseph Perry and James 
M. Flint. Eliza Jane Flint died October 12, 1851. On November 1 
W. W. and Ann Matilda Wright were received from the church of 


Canton. About this time services were held in the Temperance hall 
(which was destro3'ed in the fire of 1877), after its removal to the pub- 
lic square. In March, 1852, the meeting house was completed. In 
May, Nehemiah Wyckoff, wife and son were received from the S])Oon 
River church. In fact, at every meeting there were candidates for ad- 
mission from foreign and local churches. In 1852 AVilliam Wilbei'force 
Wright was added to the board of deacons. In the fall of 1853 several 
persons were received, while one at least, retired on the princi})le that 
she was not a Pedo Baptist. In December Joseph Perry, Noi'maii 
Butler and James M. Flint were elected trustees and W. W. Wright 
clerk. Rev. Wright was asked to talce half time from his church at 
Lafayette in the interest of the Toulon church. In January, 1851, S. 
M. I)ewey was clerk of the church, succeeding Rev. S. G. Wright. In 
June a resolution against countenancing the users of intoxicants in 
public or private, and in September the celebrated anti-slavery resolu- 
tions were adopted. In December the question of Rev. S. G. Wright's 
resignation and the calling of Rev. R. C. Dunn was before the church. 
In January, 1855, Mr. Dunn was called to preach here. Mr. Wright 
was never installed, but he was considered pastor since its organization. 
In February the trustees were reelected, and Joseph Blanchard and 
George W. Dewey added to the board of deacons. In December, 
1855, Norman Butler, W. W. Wright and E. B. Starrett were elected 
trustees. At this time there Avere eighty- seven members enrolled. On 
January 14, 1857, Rev. R. C. Dunn was installed pastor. In the 
spring of 1858 manj' members were received, Messrs. Wright and Dunn 
holding the services. In 1859 the trustees antl clerk were reelected. 
In 1860 Joseph D. Rhodes took Mr. Starrett's place on the board, the 
other trustees and clerks being continued in 1861 and 1862. In 1863 
George W. Dewey, S. M. Dewey and J. D. Rhodes were elected trus- 
tees, and Joseph' Blanchard and W. W. Wright deacons. In 18(!1:, 
when Rev. R. C. Dunn was elected representative in the State Legisla- 
ture, leave of absence was granted and his salary continued. In 1865 
Nelson Prout was chosen fii'st-sexton of the church, the ti'ustees were 
re-elected in 1866, and Joseph Perry and Joseph Blanchard chosen 
deacons and W. W. Wright delegate to Central West Association. S. 
M. Dewey, clerk from 1854. died August 31, 1866. On October 5, 
1867, Rev. R. L. McCord, Mrs. Helen McCord and Miss Belle Pierce 
Avere received, and in December D. Nicholson, George W. Dewey and 
J. D. Rhodes were elected trustees. 

Tlie minutes were signed bv Samuel Buroe as clerk for the first 
time August 3, 1866. In ]Vlay,"l868, W. W. Wright Avas elected dele- 
gate to the convention ; in December, the trustees Avere reelected, and 
Geo. W. Dewey and Hugh Rhodes chosen deacons. In 1869, Joseph 
Periy Avas chosen deacon, the trustees reelected, and W. W. Wright 
secretary and treasurer vice Samuel Burge. In 187(>, W. W. Wriglit. 
James M. Flint and NeAvton J. Smith AA'ere elected trustees. In 1871, 
Samuel Burge was chosen clerk vke W. W. Wright. The membership 
Avas 158, or tAvelve over the corresponding period of 1870. In 1872, 
Jose]>h Blanchard Avas chosen delegate, Geo. W. DeAvey and Hugh 
Riiudes deacons, with Samuel Burge ti'easui-er and secretary. In 1873, 

^fyn^u^ ^thuAJJ^ 

T()t:r,nN Towxsiiri'. 275 

Geo. W. Dewey was chosen delegate. Norman Butler deacon, vice 
Joseph Peny ; while in 1.S74. G. W. Dewey was state delegate, and IST. 
J. Smith district delegate. In 1875, Hugh Rliodes and Norman Butler 
were elected deacons ; in 1ST6, James M. P'lint took the place of Joseph 
I'lanchard on the deacons' board; and in March of this year, Allen P. 
IMiller made the first entry as clerk of the church, Samuel 15urge was 
elected treasurer and Messrs. Flint and Dewey deacons. In June, 
1877, Willis C. Dewey was ordained as a foreign missionary, and 
deacons Butler and Perry were reelected. In 1878, Samuel Burge was 
elected state delegate. On August 3, Rev. J. C. Myers preached his 
first sermon here ; in October, Geo. W. Dewey was elected delegate to 
Cen. W. Association, and deacons Flint and Dewey were reelected 
deacons. In 1879 and 1880, Deacon Flint was chosen delegate and the 
deacons of 1878 reelected. In 1881, A. P. Miller was elected treasurer 
and reelected clerk. In 1881, E. A. Burge, Xorman Butler, and D. 
Murchison, were chosen deacons. In July, 1882, James II. Miller and 
R. J. Dickinson were appointed to committees to inquire into the cost 
of building a new church or repairing the old one. Their report in 
favor of a new building was appi'oved. On July 22, A. P. Miller re- 
ported favoral)ly on the subject of raising funds, and the trustees with 
James M. Flint, L. "W. Williams, A. P. Miller and Geo. W. Dewey, 
were appointed a building committee. 

On August 8, twenty-one votes were cast for l)uilding on the site 
of the old church and five in favor of a new site. The building com- 
mittee was instructed to dispose of the old church ; Geo. W. Dewey 
was elected delegate to the C. W. Association. On Octoljer 1.5, the old 
church was sold to Chas. S. Payne for i?175, and on the 15th the last 
services Avere held therein, when it was moved to Wvoming. In 
December, 1882, John F. Rhodes, Glias. P. Dewey and tt. J. Walker, 
the trustees, were continued in office, and E. B. Starrett, James Nichol- 
son and Willis C. Dewe}*, continued on the finance committee. 

On May 23, 1883, letters of dismission and recommendation were 
granted to Rev. J. C. Myers and wife. In July, Rev. S. AV. Dickinson 
was called, but declined'. In September, Rev.' W. R. Butcher, and in 
Novemljer. Rev. Samuel J. Rogers were called, the latter accepted. 

The first services in the new church, were those attending the 
funeral of Mrs. Norman Butler, conducted bj- Rev. D. J. Stoufi'er, of 
the M. E. Church. 

Rev. W. Rogers held the first regular service November 18, 1SS3, 
and ]ireached his first sermon here that da\'. 

In December, 18S3, D. Murchison, W. W. AVright and Norman 
Butler, were elected deacons. On January 3, 1S81-, tlie new church 
was dedicated by the new pastor, A. P. Miller, rendering the account 
of the building committee, showing $5,352.01 paid out and §4,121.65 
received, leaving a balance of §1, 230. 96 due. In May, Geo. AV. Dewev 
was appointed delegate, and in Decemljer, E. B. Starrett, C. P. Dewey 
and James Nicholson were chosen trustees. In 1885, James M. Flint 
was delegate, the trustees were reelected, and also the deacons of 1883. 
AV. AV. AVright and AVillis C. Dewey were cliosen delegates in 1880. 


On May 22, Rev. Samuel J. Rogers resigned, and on the 23d, a call 
was extended to Rev. J. II. Dixon, which was accepted. 

Tlie number received into the church since its organization is 443, 
the great majority of whom have died or removed. 

The choir of the Congregational churcli requires some mention. In 
earlier years Mr. Baldwin, Hugh Drummond, John Fuller, Carrie 
Gardner and Hannah Whitaker were the principal singers. In the old 
churcli, now tiie Opera House of Wyoming, Jjaldwin led the music 
until succeeded l)y Donaldson. In 18*57 old time custom disappeared 
and a new choir was organized, with E. P. Wright leader and Hutist; 
Eliza and Minnie Wright, Harriet, Rebecca and Robert Dewey, Mary, 
Elizabeth and PI. B. Perry, and Abbie Gardner vocalists. In later 
years new names appear, such as Mary Curtis, Carrie Burge, Harriet, 
Achsali and John F. Rhodes, Miss Bixby, C. M. Wood, Wright Dewey, 
Caroline, Jane and Mary Beers; Benjamin AVilliams, Anna Pront, 
Ijelle Pierce, Ilattie Phelps, Mary and Deli)liiue AVhitaker, and Samuel 
Burge, George A. Clifford, Benjamin Williams and James A. Hender- 
son were sometimes present as vocalists. A parlor organ was subse- 
quently purchased from S. G. Wright for $35, at which Miss Ehza 
Wright ])resided. She was succeeded by Miss Ilattie Phelps, and she 
by Miss Harriet Dewey. H. B. Perry succeeded Mr. Wright as leader. 
Seven members served in the army, one of whom was killed — Robert 
Dewey. After the war N. J. Smith was leader. One by one the old 
meml]ers left, and now the old organization holds a majority of new 
memliers, among whom were Tillie and I'auline Shallenberger, Lou 
Flint, Mrs. Lawrence, D. J. Walker, Mary and Ida Mosher, Mrs. Ida 
Sweedeen, R. J. Dickinson, Edith Dickinson, Bird Thornton, Clyde 
Lyon, William Dewey, Adna Smith and others. Mrs. Allie Burge, 
Mi's. Mary Wi'ight, Lou Flint and Carrie Burge presided at the organ 
in the order of their names. 

Baptist Churcli. — The first meeting to organize was held May 13, 
1848, at the house of S. W. Eastman. Elisha Gill presided, with W. 
M. Miner clerk. The following named }iersons signed the articles: 
Elder Elisha Gill, Elder J. M. Stickney, Ozias Winter, Harry T. Ives, 
Abigail Gill, Cynthia K. Stickney, Helen Winter, Hannah Parrish, 
Susan M. Eastman, Mrs. H. T. Ives and Mrs. Sarah Chamberlain. In 
Januai'y, 1847, Elder Stickney arrived here from Rochester, Wis., and 
preached at Fahrenheit (then the name of the Miner settlement, north- 
west one and one-half miles of Minott Silliman's residence), in widow 
Miner s house. Among the mendjers of the Fahrenheit church were 

Hays, Wm. and Mrs. Miner, Charles II. Miner and wife, Selden 

Miner and wife, Mrs. Parrish, Elisha (4ill and wife, J. M. Stickney and 
wife, and Susan M. Eastman. This Fahrenheit church was the first 
Baptist society in the county, subsequently moved to Lafayette, and 
some joined this church at Toulon. In June, 1848, Elders Gill, Stick- 
ney and H. T. Ives were chosen delegates to the Illinois River Associa- 
tion. Elder Stickney was clerk, succeeded by W. T. Bly in June, 1848. 
Rev. C. E. Tinker and Elder Gardner presided here' at the council 
of recognition in this month. In July Ozias Winter was appointed 
clerk. Mrs. Catherine Buchanan joined the church in 1848, also Geo. 

TOirr.oN TOWNSIIII'. 277 

AV. DuchniKin and ]\Iartlia Mereliant were baptized, and Lucretia 
liouse. Thus, (iudfrey and wife, Hugh Y. Godfrey, Arniina and Eliza- 
beth (4odfrey were received Ijy letter. In 1849 ]Mai'\' Winn was 
received. In 1850 Elder Gross, who succeeded Mr. Stickney, in 
August, 1851, came liei-e and preached at intervals. The Colburns, 
Gardners, Whiffens, Pariuelia Barton, Belshers, Baldwins, and Nelsons 
were received in 1850-1. During the revival of November, 1851, John 
and Pleasant Culbertson, W. 1>. Sweet, and a number of others were 
received, Ilev. Barry assisting. V\) to this time meetings were gener- 
ally held at the court house, until January 2!*, 1851, when the com- 
pleted church held services at the time and place announced foi' Bap- 
tist services. In 1852, Benj. and Hannah Packer were received, also 
Catherine Whitaker. In July, 1852, 8. W. Eastman and L. E. Miner 
were elected deacons. In October the first meeting to discuss the 
question of building a meeting house was held, and the pastor asked to 
confer with J. C. Van Osdell, architect, of Chicago, regarding ])la,ns, 
etc. Eastman, Sweet and Jones wei-e appointed a committee on sub- 
scription in town, and H. T. Ives, Benj. Packer and Ephriam Colburn 
in the country. In December, 1852, Culbertson, Ives and Eastman 
were apjiointed to select a site, anil the same month Wheeler B. Sweet, 
Oliver Whitaker, A¥m. Oole, II. T. Ives and John Culbei'tson were 
elected ti-ustees. In Marc'h, 1853, a plan of building, pi'ejiared bv the 
trustees, was adopted. In April, 1851, John Berfield succeeded O. 
Gardner as clerk, and for some time meetings were held at tiie house 
of Ilobert Ilobb. In 1855 Elder Gross resigned. The church was 
dedicated in April, 1855. In July that ^^ear Kev. C. Brinkerhotf came 
and served here until January, 1858. In August, 1858, Elder Myron 
H. Negus was called — about a year after the appointment of Robert 
Kobb as clerk. On July 10, 1859, Kev. Wm. Leggett was called. In 
July, 18(11, E. M. Gallup was chosen clerk, and in Novend)er, 18C1, 
Rev. A. .1. Wright was pastor. Dui'ing Mr. Leggett's pastorate a 
revival was held here, in which Rev. Louis Raymond, now of Chicago, 
assisted. In November, 18C3, John H. Stickney was elected clerk. 
He was succeeded in Decendjer. 18()4, by Robert Robb. Elder E. P. 
Barker was called in March, 18(i(;. In February, 1867, J. II. Stickney 
was rei'lected clerk. Elder Estee succeeded Mr*. Barker, and after six 
months Elder Dodge came as supply. In 1868 H. Willett was ap- 
pointed clei'k. Al)()ut this time Elder Thomas Bodley preached here. 
(Ju February 29, 1868, a resolution (dealing with the ditHculties in the 
church), called for the transfer of all property and the trustees, to be 
held for a new oiganization. Early in the summer of 1863 Rev. S. A. 
Estee returned and preached here. On July 8, 1868, a number of the 
few remaining members of the first church assembled, with S. A. Estee 
moderatoi' and acting clerk. Seven I'esolutions, of a conciliatory char- 
acter, were adojjfed. dealing with the case of Reverends Estee and 
Barker. In August, 1868, Rev. S. Brimhall was called, and on Janu- 
ary 1, 1870, he was elected trustee, vice John Culbertson, deceased. 
On April s, 1871, Elder Stickney was recalled as pastoi' and clerk, and 
served until September, 1873. 

In May 1875, Elder L. I), (iowen's name appears for the first time. 


He was here also in 1S7<! until succeeded l)v Elder J. C. Ilart, wlio was 
here when this old church consolidated with branch or new church, 
which had its meeting-house on Main street. 

The members who signed the constitution of the consolidated 
churches in September, 1877, are named as follows: Abram Bowers 
and wife, Mrs. Martha Eerfield, Mrs. Harriet Blair, Andrew Baldwin, 
Julia Baldwin, Sarah Berfield, Eliza B.eers, Albert Bowers and wife, 
S. B. Barton. Mrs. Polly C'l-andle, Mrs. Mary Crumb, Miss C^harlotte 
Cross, Mi's. Emma Coolev, Margaret Conove'r, Mrs. Celestine Dack, S. 
W. Eastman, Mrs. Martha Eastman, H. Y. and Henry S. and Miss E. 
and Miss Isabelle Godfrey, Maggie Greer, Mrs. A. 'Gill, Flora Gill, 
Clarence Guire, John E. and L. I), and Mrs. A. M. Gowin ; Luther, 
Abba, Avery and Kate Geer ; Ellen, Frances, Lucy and ]\Irs. Ilickson, 
Mrs. A. House, J. C. Hart and wife, Harriet Hall, Minerva Lyon, Car- 
oline Lyon, Jenny Lyon and Modelhi Lyon, S. W. and Sarah IVIering, 
Nancy "Mote, Martha Perry, Mrs. Louisa Phillips, Benjamin, jr., Mrs. 
Hannah Mortimer, Charles and Miss C. Packer, Betlniel, Mrs. Regina 
and Mrs. Caroline Pierson, Mrs. 0. Pliter, Mrs. L. Rennick, Mrs. J. 
Rankin, John Riggs, Miss N. Remington, and Mary Robl), Mrs. Sim- 
merman, Mary Sarah Shockley. Mrs. Lettie Silliman and Sarah Silli- 
man, John 11. Stickney, Mrs.C. K. Stickney, Mrs. Esther A. Smith, 
Mrs. Ester Twiss, Marv Twiss, Mrs. E. J. Treat. Owen Thomas and 
Mrs. Sarah Thomas, G. C. Van Osdell, Mrs. C. A. Van Osdell, Mary 
Willett, Nancy White, Elisabeth White, Joseph Weed, N. F. Wy- 
nans. Sarah Wynans, Miss Laura Wise, Frank Williams and wife, 
Jacob Wagner" and wife, Mrs. John O. Weed, Sarah Weed, Mrs. 
Charlotte Woods, Mrs. Nancy E. Walling, Rose AVhitwell, Mary 

On September 21, 1877, a meeting was held to consider the ques- 
tion of consolidating the two Baptist churches of Toulon, under the 
title, " The Baptist Church of Toulon." Squire Van Osdell presided 
H. Y. Godfrey, clerk. The questiim was decided affirmatively, and B. 
Packer, S. AV. Eastman, N. F. Wynans. Owen Thomas and H. Y. 
Godfrey were elected trustees. Li October Benjamin Packer was 
chosen ' treasurer, solicitor and collector; John O. Weed, sexton, and 
Messrs. B. Packer, Geer, Eastman and Williamson, deacons. At this 
meeting a resolution to sell the frame church on Main street, and hold 
the brick house for worship was carried. In November, 1877, Rev. 
A. C. Keen was called as ]iastor at an annual salary of $700. In 
December, James M. Stickney, Benjamin Packer and N. F. Wynans 
were api)ointed delegates to "the conference at Farmington. In this 
month also the trustees purchased the Otis Dyer property for a par- 
sonage. In April, 1S7S, the Main street church Avas sold for $1700, 
one-half cash and balance standing out at ten per cent. In 1878 the 
ladies of this church supplied dinner at the Stark county fair grounds, 
realizino' $303.18 less $152 expenses. Dr. A. E. Baldwin became a 
member. In June, 1S79, Rev. B. F. Col well was called as i)astor. In 
January, 1880, Mortimer Packer was chosen collector, vice B. Packer. 

In October, 1880, Rev. B. F. Colwell resigned. In Feln'uary, ISSl. 
J. M. Sticknev filled the pulpit, and during this month H. Y. Godfrey 


was chosen solicitor and collector. Dr. IT. L. Pratt's name appears on 
the minutes aliout this time. In October, 1S81, Eev. E. C. Cady, ac- 
cepted a call as pastor and commenced to labor here November 1, 
that year. In Septemlier, 1882, M. A. Packer succeeded H. Y. God- 
frey as church clerk. In 1884 Andrew F. Stickney and wife were 
admitted to membershiji l)y letter from Wyoming. In Octoiier, 1884, 
Rev. Mr. Cady resigned; Elder Stickney was pulpit su])|)ly for three 
and one-half mi >nths. In June, 18S.5, Rev. E. W. Hicks accepted a 
call, and in January, lSS(i, E. B. Packer was elected clerk. Almost 
from the beginning" of the church in this county to the present tinie 
Elder Stickney has proven himself loyal to his faith by work and 
example. Only a few yeai's ago he donated $2,500 toward the sup- 
port of his church in tliis county. There have been 183 admissions 
by letter and otherwise since the' re-organization of the Baptist society 
in 1877. Between the secession and consolidation the Sunday school 
was maintained by Mrs. S. K. Stickney, who was also clerk in 187fi 
and 1877, or before consolidiition. Indeed to her is due in greater 
measure the present hap]>y condition of the society. 

The Second Baptist Vhirch may be said to have been organized 
March 4, 18t>S, and to have continued in existence until September, 
1877. From 1858 to 18<'>8 the question of title to church property led 
to disagreements, and ultimately to the formation of the Secon<l 
societv. In March, 18t!S, a new society was organized, and a house of 
worship erected the same year at a cost of $2,372. Elders W. A. 
Welsher, Gowan, Xegus, Hart and Van Osdell were the leading 
])reachers. Among the leading members were Stephen W., Mrs. M., 
Miss Eliza and Miss Celestia Eastman, A. F. Stickney, Luther Geer, 
H. Y. Godfrey, Benjamin Packer and wife, Abram, Mrs. (■. and Miss 
Lettie and Miss Martini Bowers, Mrs, C'. Lyon and ]\Iiss M. Henry, 
Otis Dyer, L. Glark, Julius Ives and Hiram Willett, the latter losing- 
fellowship in 1870 because he " could no longer conscientiously main- 
tain and indorse the articles of faith as interpreted by the church." 
The consolidation of the oUl and new churches in 1877 healed u)) all 
contentions, and the buildino- and lots wei'e sold to the Catholic con- 


Thii Christum CJnrrch was organized in the old court house, July 15, 
1849, with the following named members; Elijah McClenahan, Sarah 
]\[cClenahan, Edward Wilson, Martha J. Wilson, James Bates. Henry 
Sweet, David McCance and Mary J. McCance. In 1855 the present 
house of worshiji, on Washington street, just north of the opera house, 
was erected, and with the lot, cost about $5,000. This is a plain brick 
structure, okl English in style, well furnished, and in all res))ects 
well adapted to its uses. The names of pastors from beingning are : 
Edward Wilson, M. P. King, A. G. Lucas, Charles Berr\% S. C. 
Humphrey, A. P. Aten, James Darsee J. V. Beekman, Wm. Lloyd, L. 
B. Ames, Geo. K. Berry and J. P. Davis. In the summer of 1880 the 
church was without a regular ])astor, init services were duly held. 
The secretaries or clerks of the church in order of election, were: E. 
K. Wilson, David IMcCancc and AY. G. Bradley. S. E. Callison, is the 
present clerk. The [)ro[)erty of the society is valued at $4,5(iit and tin' 


number of members placed at sixty-five. Pi'ior to the opening of their 
house of worship, tlie Court House \vas extensively used by this church. 

The Ckdholic Church of Toulon, though modern in the ownership 
of church liuikling, dates l)ack to 1840 for its beginning in tJie imme- 
diate neigiilioriiood, for then the Xowlans and Drinnins settled here 
and the services of the church were held occasionally at their houses. 
Prior to 1867 mass was said at very irregular intervals in private 
houses. Among these were Michael Nowlan's, Barney Frail's, Jacob 
Emery's, (whose wife '^vas a Catholic) Owen Denny's, and perhaps 
some others in Stark county, and Patrick Cavanagh's at Wethersfield, 
and later in Davis and IlJiodes' Hall. Mrs. Wolgauiood's house and 
James Nowlan's house. The priests who attended here were first from 
Peoria; afterward Lacon. From Peoria the first was Fr. Rowe, then 
Fr. Drew, then Fr. Ilanaldi. From Lacon, Fr. Lynch. Fr. Powers, 
Fr. Delahunty, Fr. Kilkenny. Those who attended mass here in the 
early days were mostly families named above. 

The names of principal heads of families now belonging are William 
P. Caverly, John O'Neill, Michael X. Denny, John Brady, Daniel Wol- 
gamood, Michael Flynn, James Graham, John Hagerty, Ellen 8. Xow- 
lan, Joseph Xortmann, Peter O'Neill, Peter Pauli, Jacob Ilerberger, 
Mary Peters, Patrick Smith, James Burns, Peter O. Olsen, James 
Brady. Henry Nowlan, Mary Neal, Thomas Carlin, William Nowlan, 
John Kirley. From 1S67 the ])riests who attended Toulon were : 
from Kewanee, two Fathers Ryan ; from Princeville, Father .John 
Moore, 1877; from Wataga, Fathers Ryan, P. A. McGair and M. F. 
Fallihee; from Bradford, Father Moynilian ; fi-om Brimfield, Fathers 
Flynn, Ryan and Moore; from Bradford, Father Delbarre; from 
Kewanee, Fathers McCartney, Devaney, and at present. Father Burke. 
On December 30, 1877 Rev. John Moore held services in the Second 
Baptist Church, which was purchased from the Baptists, March 1, 
1878. The congregation owns the building and lots and is, in fact, 
cleai' of every indebtedness. 

rniversalist ClnircJi. — Rev. R. M. liartlett held services in the 
Masonic and Odd-Fellows Hall at Toulon in the winter of 18»;0 and 
1861. Prior to this time ministers of the denomination held services 
hei'e and continued so to do at intervals until 1873. 

Sal )h(ifh -Schools date back to the beginning of the Congrega- 
tionalist churcii here, but not as a regularly organized body. Sanniel 
Burge, in his reminiscences states that his recollections make the 
summer of 185-t the initial point, fo)' at that time he attended a Union 
Methodist-Congregational school in the church of the last-named 
society — "ii house surrounded by a dense hazel thicket, and underneath 
the building, which rested on [)i"ers, the town-hogs sought shade from 
the snn." The Union Question Booh was then used. The Bible-class 
selected their own lessons independent of the rest of the school. The 
(congregational and Methodist Union sejjarated on the completion of 
the latter's church, ami the former's school was organized, with Mr. 
Wright superintendent, who served until 1861, when he entered'the 
ai'uiv. He fell in the Union cause; S. M. Dewey succeeded, serving 
until his death in 1866, except for one year. Judge Wright presided 


from ISGfi to ISfiS and in 1S70. Samuel liurge served from 1 SC.S to ISTO, 
except in 1870, Rev. E. L. McCord teaching the Bible-chxss. In 1880 
J. F. Rhodes was superintendent, then E. A. Burge and again John F. 
Rhodes. In the case of the Baptist church the existence of the Sun- 
day-school during the troubles in that church is due in great part to 
Mrs. J. M. Stickney. 

School ft of Ttml 0)1. — The school history of the townsliip embraces 
almost the entire history of this district up to 1861. In 1813 a com- 
mon school was presided over by Miss Elizabeth Buswell, while a select 
school was taught by Miss Susan, daughter of Elder Gill, both held in 
the old court house. Miss Booth also taught in a house west of Oliver 
"Wliitaker's late residence then belonging to Royal Arnold, while the 
pioneer lawyer. "\Y. AV". Drummond, conducted a scliool in his own 
hoiise. The first school-house was the "Old Brick," erected by order 
of the commissioners, and the tirst teacher, T. J. Henderson. In 1849 
Miss Booth conducted the summer school in the building, while Miss 
Bayce presi led over a private school in the old Masonic Hall, near 
the Methodist church. 

In the former chapter reference is made to the seminary. In 
March, 185(». the commissioners passed the following resolution: 
"This da\' came Samuel G. AVright. Samuel Beatty and Oliver Whit- 
aker, a committee a]ipointed in December, 18-19, in relation to the 
building of a female seminary, and ])resented their report, together 
with a plan of said seminar^', which report was accepted. Where- 
upon it is ordered that the committee proceed to receive sub- 
scriptions toward building said seminary. And it is further considered, 
that whereas the funds now on hand, arising from sale of lots in Tou- 
lon (.s<l30) are insufficient to build a female seminary without the aid 
of individual subscriptions, and whereas there is an unwillingness on 
the part of the people to subscribe toward the erection of said semi- 
nary, without it can be used for the education of males as well as 
females, it is ordered that said committee i)roceed to build said semi- 
nary according to the plan presented by them, for the accommodation 
of both males and females." This building was completed, and X. F. 
Atkins and Mrs. Atkins taught there. \\'\i\\ tlie permission of the com- 

In December, 1850, District school No. 1, at Toulon was taught by 
Charles Myers, who received $.30 per month for instructing seventy- 
eight pupils. Miss E. J. Creighton was assistant. At this time the 
senior boys and girls attendetl the seminary. During the i)revious 
summer, Oliver White and Miss IIubi)ard were the teachers. Fnion 
District school was presided over in February, 1856, by J. E. Ilickok, 
who received 82<» per month and board. There were fifty-six ])U])ils 
enrolled, but only eighteen present. There was no chair to be seen 
here at this time. In 1857 a writing school was conducted at Toulon 
by H. L. Bailey. On May, 2(Uh, that year. s})ecimens of his pujiils' 
■work were submitted to a committee comprising Thonuis Hall, Charles 
Myers and Xelson F. Atkins, who indorsed his method of instruction 
and testified to marked improvement in the writing of the ])U])ils. par- 
ticularly that of Isabella Pierce. 


In the fall of 1858 the school house on Soap Ilill and that west of 
the fair grounds, were completed. Wm. Campbell became jnnncipal 
of Toulon seminary in September, 1858. In March, 1859, Isaac C. 
Reed and Oliver Whitaker, school directors, announced that Mr. Car- 
penter's school, or District No. 1, would embrace all Toulon, south of 
Main and west of Olive, and also the senior male pupils of the whole 
town. It was also announced that Mrs. IJurge would commence school 
in the seminary, March Kith, taking in all between Main and Thomas 
streets, except the senior male [)upils. Miss Mary Perry opened a 
select school here in June, 1860. Prior to that she was teacher of 
what was known as the " Fair-ground"' school. 

In October, 1861 Oliver Whitaker and Branson Lowman resigned 
as school directors, when Davis Lowman and Warham Mordoff were 
elected. They, with J. C. Reed, formed the l)oard. In ilarch 1862, 
JosiuKi Thorp proposed to teach the high school for $30 per month, on 
condition that he be authorized to em]iloy a female assistant. Ellen 
King was engaged as teacher in the brick schoolhouse anil Mary Whita- 
ker in the Fair-ground school. Mr. Tliorj) presided over the seminary 
from October, 1861 to February 18<i2, with Mary Perry assistant. 
Olive Decker taught at Soap Hill, Elizabeth Marvin and Mary Reatty 
assistants in the brick school. During the war it appears there were 
no records kept beyond the ordinary cash book. The schools, however, 
wei'e regularly carried on, several teachers' names appearing. In April 
1886, Patrick Nowlan was appointed clerk of board, vice Oliver 
White, resigned, and subsequently elected for three years. S. M. 
Dewey took Amos P. Gill's place, and on September 1866, David 
Tinlin was chosen, vice S. M. Dewey, deceased. V>. G. Hall was princi- 
\vd\ of the semmary from April 1866 ; Mrs. P. 0. Hall in the grammar 
department. Miss S. A. Reatty in brick school, Miss C. Robinson in Fair- 
ground school, Miss E. S. Tilden at Soap Hill. In August 1867, forty- 
seven votes were recorded for and fifteen against the purchase of the 
seminary from the county. Calvin Eastman was elected a director in 
August.'l868. John Berheld in April, 1869, Renjamin Turner in 1870. In 
Septemlier, 1870, Roljert lilackwell, pi'incipai, wit!) Charles Myers, 
Anna G. Murphy, Sarah Rerfield, Fanny Young, Ruth Thomas presided 
in the schools of Toulon. Stephen Lloyd, director in 1871, and James 
M. Brown in 1872. In April of this 3'ear it was resolved to erect a 
new sch )ol-building, and on August 10 an election was held to consider 
tl*e question of building a itNl5,(ioO liouse. In July Frank Matthews 
was chosen principal. The question of l)uilding was decided by sixty- 
five votes for, nine contra. The school census of the district taken in 
l!s72 showed the population to be 1,010. In February 1875, the new 
school-building was com})leted and opened. Frank Matthews, Manning 
Hall, Sarah Bertield, Pauline Shallenberger and Kate Keffer were the 

In 1S7S l!enja,min Tui'uer was a director anil clerk. In 1879, David 
.1. Walker was elected director and clerk vice Benjamin Turner; in 
1880, Caleb M.S. Lyon; in 1881, Theodore Bacmeister; in 1882, Allen 
P.Miller; in 18S3,Gus. Ilulsizer was chosen director, Allen P. Miller 
being clerk- in 1883, 1881 and 1885. In 1885 Gus. Hulsizer was chosen 


clerk. Warren Williams was elected directoi' in 1884: Jeremiah Lyo)i, 
and James Nowlaii, in 1885, and James Nowlnii director and clerk, m 
1886. The records point out tlie name of Samuel Burge as treasurer 
from 1880 to the present time. In July, 1881, Frank S. Eosseter was 
engaged as principal of tlie sciiools at !;;l,0(K) per year of eight or nine 
months, witii Miss Amy Reed, assistant. li. J. Dickenson, Sarah Ber- 
lield, Mar\^ Christ}^ and Marian Starrett were also employed — the first 
named in tlie gramm;ir school. In February, 1883, Mr. Eosseter re- 
signed, and in March Edgai' P. Hawes took charge, but moved to 
A rl;a;isas shortly after. In May, 1883, Edmund C. Barto was appoint- 
ed ijvineipal at !^!*00 ]ier annum. Prof. E. C. Barto resigned May 8, 
issi, when Miss Amy Reed was appointed to fill ins term. At this 
time Amy Reed, Alice Cowles, Mary Christy, Mirriam Starrett, Adna 
T. Smith, with Mr. Barto, formed the teaching staff. In 1881 Hamil- 
ton Rennick and Cora Keffer were added to tlie staff. The enrollment 
was 220. At this time, also, the academical board, with John F. 
Rhodes, Orlando Brace, Samuel Burge, H. Miner and T. Bacmeister 
operated with the district board. 

In May, 1881, J. W. Stephens was engaged as principal at $1,000 
per annum ; Miss M. Y. Neale, teacher in " New Grade," Mrs. Hel- 
en Middlekauf assisted in High School, and Miss M. A. Lji-on, vice Miss 
Starrett, resigned. In May, 1885, a petition of 50 citizens was pre- 
sented, asking that J. W. Stephens be retained as princijtal. There is 
no further record relating to changes at this time, with tlie exception 
of Mr. Broomall's name ajipearing as principal in a record of meeting- 
held August 0, 1885, although his appointment dates from June 3, 
1885. Tlie names of Hattie Byatt and Dora Plighter appear as teach- 
ers under date October, 1885. H. W. Newland has served the district 
as scliool janitor almost from the date of the establishment of this 
office. In 1885 the directors were, Warren Williams, Jeremiah 
Lyon and James Nowlan. The corps of teachers was matle up as 
follows: High School, J. H. Broomall, jirincipal. Miss Amy Reed, as- 
sistant; second grammar department, J. II. Rennick; first grammar 
department. Miss Maidell Lyon ; intermediate department. Miss Hattie 
Byatt; second primary department. Miss Dora Pliter, and first primary 
department. Miss Mary Christy. 

The statistics of Toulon High School for year ending June, 1886, 
show 25 male and 12 female pupils, of whom 18 male and 20 female 
pupils were in their first year; 5 males and 10 females in their second 
year, and 2 males and 12 females in their third year of studies. The 
highest niontidy salary paid was $112.50. The classes formed in Sep- 
tember, 188(>, are. Rhetoric, 12 scholars; Grammar, 16; Arithmetic, 
38; Geography, 16; Physical Geography, 16; U. S. History, 18; Al- 
gebra, 5; Natural Philosophy, 17; Botany, 3 ; First Lesson in Latin, 2; 
Ciesar, 3 ; sandwiched with Reading, AVriting and Spelling. Geom- 
etry, of which there 6 scholars; Physiology, 8; Bookkeeping, 8; His- 
tory and Zoology, will be taken up and finished during the year. 

The Toulon Academy was opened October 12, 1883, with J. W. 
Stephens, of Eldora-, la., principal. Rev. D. G. Stonffer, drawing mas- 
ter, Miss May Cady, music, and Gus LI ulsizer. penmanship. This 



scliool was designed to offer a.course of study, wliich was not provided 
for in tlie curriculum of the Hioh School at tliat time. Among the 
original snp])orters of this academy were, J. F. lihodes, Sarah A. Cham- 
benain, J. A. Henderson, B. F. Thompson, B. (,'. Follett, Harrison 
Miner, Andrew Oliver, Callison & Newton, C. M. Swank, R. H. Mc- 
Keighan, T. Bacmeister, Wells White, A. P. Miller, W. T. Hall, Chas. 
P. Dewey, D. S. Hewitt, G. AV. Dewey, sr., S. J. Connelly. W. W. 
Wright, D. J. Davis. Gus Hnlsizer, S. K. Conover, MWes A. I'uller, R. 
J. Dickenson, Starrett Bros., John H. Ogle, S. M. Adams, Samuel 
l>urge, Orlando Brace, J. M. Brown, Robert Armstrong, Geo. Arm- 
strong, James H. Miller, Abel Armstrong and J. H. Quinn. The acad- 
emy meets the expectations of its originators, and continues to afford 
facilities for acquiring a good knowledge of the arts and sciences, — a 
pnictical, commercial or literai'v education. The following is the acad- 
emical board of ti-ustees elected in August, \SSC>: Dr. I^>acmeister, Sam- 
uel Burge, J. F. Rhodes. Robert Armstrong and E. B. Starrett. 

Secret Soeletie.s. — Toulon l<.)dge, No. 93, A. F. and A. M., was 
chartered October 10, 1850, with W. W. Drummond, William Rose, 
Orin Maxfield, Ellison Annis, Henry Butler, William A. Reed and 
Samuel Thomas, with the three first named W. M., S. W., and J. W., 
respectively. Aniong the old member^ the name of Benjamin Turner 
must l)e mentioneth In November, 1S5<I, tiie first charter election was 
lield, when the following-named officers were chosen : William F. 
Thomas, treasurer; T. J. Henderson, secretary; William A. Reed, 
S. D. ; General Samuel Thomas, J. D. ; Shnon S. Heller, S. S. ; Thomas 
J. Wright, J. S. ; C. F. White, Tyler. The masters of the lodge, suc- 
ceeding W. W. Drummond in the order of service, were William B. 
Smith, Alexander Moncrief, Thomas J. Henderson, James A. Hender- 
son, Elisha Greenfield, George Bradley, Martin Siialleniiei-ger. George 
A. Lowman, and Levi Silliman. Since the destruction of the masonic 
hall, charter and records. May 17, l877, the following masters have 
been elected: E. Greenfield, lS77; Levi Silliman, 1878; B. F. Thomp- 
son, 1879-81; E. Greenfield, ISSl; B. F. Thompson, 1882; Levi Silli- 
man, 18S3-8fi; and J. Knox Hall, 1886-88. The secretaries during 
the time have been D. Tinlin, 1877; Charles Mvers, 1878-80; I. N. 
AVade, 1880; B. F. Thompson, 1881; P. M. Blair, 1882; Flenrv M. 
Hall, 1883-85 ; Robert Fell, 1887. Tlie otlier officers for 1887 are Col- 
burn J. Robins, S. AV. ; W. F. Young, i-ice John AV. Morrison, J. AV". ; 
.lohn A. Slocum, treasurer; Levi Silliman, S. D. ; Knox Keffer, J. D. ; 
I). M. Hill, C; Llenry A. Brainard, Tyler; Col. AVilliam Jackson, 
S. SteAvard, John A. Maxfield. J. Steward. 

The record of members gives tiie following names: James G. 
Armstrong, AA^. B. Armstrong, Mdton M. Adams, George Bradley, 
AV. G. Bradley, Daniel M. Beers, Theo. Bacmeister, John Black, Mel- 
ville A. Bass', P. M. Blair, H. A. Brainard, AVilliam Chamberlain, 
James C'ulbertson, James Cinnamon, AVilliam Cinnamon, D. J. Davis, 
James W. Dexter, I). Fast, Jr., Alex. Y. Fuller, Chancey D. Fuller, 
Robert P'ell, Oliver Frame, Herman Geisenheynei', David Guyre, 
Klisha. (Jreenlicld, (ieoriic Gi'een, 1!. (4. Hall. Ilc'nry M. Hail, Henry 
O.Jackson, liavihdi 1!. -lohnson, AVilliam Jjownian, George A. Low- 


man, .Tames X. P. Lowman, C IVf. S. Lvon. Elias Lyon. George S. 
Lawrence, Gus. A. Lmdbloom, Charles McComsey, James Montooth, 
John A. Maxfield, Cliarles Myers, John Moore, I. L. Xewman, W. B. 
Nelson, William Ogle, M. Slialleuberger, John H. Ogle, Colburn J. 
Robins, T. M. Shallenljerger, "Wlieeler B. Sweet, Levi Silliman. Benja- 
min Turner. Bushrod Tapp, Samuel Thomas, David Tinlin, Jauies M. 
Tate, Tiiomas S. Wrio-ht. George H. White, Benjamin AVhitwell, Jacob 
Walther, John A. Colthar, W. F. Johnson, R. J. Curtiss. W. P. 
Gnlick. Cluirles Thorpe, Thorpe Dwight, George C. Maxfield, Jesse 
Lilceiis, Charles L. Lame, Cluirles Atlierton, John Ilepperly, John 
AVebbor, W. A. Reed. James Kerns, John 0. Eckley, Robert A. Turn- 
bull. Dana IL Maxfield, William X. Brown, Simeon Hall, John H. 
Funk. A. W. Atwood, John X. Davis, John H. Funk, S. P. Jackson, 
A. C. Bradley, S. J. Connelly. 

Eastern Star Chapter, No. 10, was chartered October 2, 1877, with 
the following members: Sisters — E. L. Lowman, Diautha Green, Lucy 
Green, Anne Bradley, R. S. Turner, Sarah Turner, A. R. Curtiss, Anne 
Thomas, Martha Myers, S. M. Keffer, S. E. Fraser, S. il. Robins, Sarah 
Guyre, Florence Guyre, A. E. Lawrence, Minerva Lyon, Cyntliia Rose, 
L. Guyi-e, Effie Lyon, L. A. Mercer, Kate Keffer, Ada Johnson, A. 
Lukens. Flora Cinnamon, M. R. Bradley, Clara Guyre, Jane Maxfield, 
M. Montieth, L. Fast. Brothers — William Lowman, John Green, J. 
K. P. Lowman, G. S. Lawrence, George Bradley, Benjamin Turner, R. 
.L Curtiss, Samuel Thomas, S. A. LoAvman, Charles ilyers, George 
Green, James Fraser, John Black, David Guyre. C. Robins, Elias Lj'on, 
W. F. Johnson, Levi Silliman, J. A. Maxfield, James Cinnamon and 
James Montooth. The organization, chartered P'ebruary 17. 1S71. the 
records of which were destroyed in the fire of 1877, claimed the 
greater number of this membership. 

Stark Lodge. jSTo. 96, I. O. O. F., was organized iSoveraber 8, 1851, 
uutler charter of October 17, 1S51, with Amos P. Gill, Oliver Whita- 
ker, Thomas J. Wright, Alexander Moncrief and William Clark mem- 
bers, with A. Moncrief, Y. G.. and Oliver Whitaker, R. S. From 1862 to 
Api'il. 1866, the lodge was suspended. The record of membership is as fol- 
lows : Alexander Moncrieff, Anios P. Gill, d., Oliver Whitaker, Thomas 
J. Wright, all P. G.'s; William Clark. Benjamin Turner, C. R. Mor- 
ton, W. B. Sweet, S., J. W. Henderson, C. L. Eastman, S., W. F. 
Thomas, d., George A. Chfford, S., d.. Peter Fast, d., M. P. Armstrong, 
Thomas J. Henderson, P. G., William Chamberlain, d., P. G., for years 
treasurer of the lodge, William Lowman, P. G., J. A. Coolev, "Cvril 
Ward, T. W. Newland. John A. Williams, P. L. N. Duston. SanuiefM. 
Dewey, W. H. Shugart. P. G., Abram Smith. Josiah Fast, Edgar Cod- 
ding, Samuel S. Kaysbeir, P. G., Robert F. Henry, lioliert Winter, N. 
Schumick, W. B. Ai-mstrouy-, Daniel M. Beers, Cvrus Sweet, P. G., 
Clinton Fuller. John J. Boyd, J. A. Pratt, John 'Garrett, Jr., T. D. 
Fitch, Charles G. Beamont, Ralph E. Tennev, G. N". Palmer, David 
Whiffen, Edward Keffer, d., P. G.. Allien 'M. Pinnev, E. Pinnev, 
Stephen X. Fezzler, W. A. Sweet, P. G., Allen Cross, Robert Robb. P. 
G.. Adonijah Tavloi', James Culbertson, R. G. William. Wm. L Shirts. 
P. G., A. M. Black, (). W. Negus, Syl. McKenzie. Nelson Prout. John 


Sloeuiii, r, G.. Stiicv Coppertliwaite, P. G., Jos. Roljli, .lolm Ijlack, S., 
Jos. Shallenberger, AV. R. Legg, P. G., Wm. Harper, C. F. Jackson, II. 
A. Holts, Joliii Hawks, Isaac N. Kid. I. N. M. Whiffen, C. W. Brown, H. 
"W. Newland, Benj. F. Fuller, Jas. A. Xewland, S., Laton Lyon, P. G., 
O. C. Griswold, II. B. AVMis, Clark Newcomer, Addison Edwards, 
Martin Kern, John Jackson, Carlos B. Thorpe, F. D. Hotchkiss, 
N.ithan Langford. John J. Pollok, S.; Zacli. Sliugart; Fred. Russell, 
Charles Rhodes, Hugh Stockner. Thomas D. Swan. Elias Stockner, 
Robert Woods, Charles McCumsey, James H. Quinn, James Gillen, 
Stephen 1). Breese, Allen C. Coppertliwaite, William Baldwin, John 
Evans, Cyrus N. Scholield, John W. Morrison, William C. New- 
mire, Henry Staufer, Harrod Murnan, Milton Headley, B. C. Dennis, 
Benjamin G. Yule, Robert Holmes, Henrv Jones, Thomas Downey, 
William C. Burdett, AVarren AYilliams, Yal.'B. Thornton, P. G.; Samuel 
J. Connelly, Josiali Iliggins, Abner J. Sturm, AYilliam Ilolgate, 
^V. A. Weleher, AVilliam' S. Templeton, V. G.; Peter Lane, David 
(U'um, M. Milton Adams, Julius Ives, Patrick H. AVoods, Lewis AY. 
AV^illiams, John G. Robertson, Richard Iloadley, Jerrv D. AVoods, Jos. 
Smethurst, F. B. Little A. D. Brodhead, C^ D. A\"ard, Samuel M. 
Adams, S.; William Headley, Cyrus Bocock, Alexander R. Hepperl\% 
Stephen W. Maring, John M. Brown, Benjamin C. Follett, x\mos 
G. Goodheart. C. E. Harrington, John C. Lawrence, James Kernes, 
I). S. Hewitt, P. G.; M. AY. Benjamin, A. Christie, Robert J. Dickinson, 
AYilliam Sourk, Stephen Deaver, Charles E. Stone, Daniel AA'ol- 
ganiood, Russell Carr, P. G.; Alva Higgins, Thomas J. Likens, Charles 
R. Carr. Llojnl Crawford, Anton Sundcpiist. George McKeighan, AA''. AY. 
Rhodes, S.; S. A. Miller, John E. Smith, R. 0. I'hillips, Alex. Headley, 
John AA^. Cisnev, George F. AVise, Almeron N. Flarris. Geo. R. Sisna, 
W. IL Brown, Af. A. Doughertv, Stewart Moore, Oliver AVhite, Charles 
A. Norholm, AYilliam F. Thatcher, Andrew Galbraith, Hugh Gal- 
braith, Nelson J. Olson, Perry J. Nelson, Dennis Lee, Benjamin 
AVliitwell, Henry iM. Hall, Leroy F. Morrison (Idaho), George E. Carr, 
(4ustave E. Peterson, AV. S. Carver, S.; Benjamin J. Perry, AY. Anson 
AlcCance, William. F. Templeton, John F. Bai'ton, Caspar J. Maxtield, 
AYilliam R. Bennett, W. A. Fell, David J. Walker, P. G.; Robeil, C. 
AYright. James M. Lowman, Fred. A. Jackson, AVilliam II. Sturm, 
James Sturm, J. P. Headley, Matthew McKeeghen, Chancy R. Miner, 
Charles H. Christie, George A. Thtmias, S; A. Baldwin, S.; John 
Hook, Orlando Bruce, Joseph H. Drinnin, Howard Stanley, P. G.; 
Laton D. Maxtield, George Starritt, Elisha H. Phelps. R. B. Rhodes, 
Kenslev Alatthew, Frank S Rosseter, John AA^. AYhite. (4eorge 
AY. Aloffat, David M. Flora, John Stires, ^V. li. Stires, AViniield AV. 
Fuller. C. F. Jackson, C. S. Bristol, Eli Emerv, G. H. Beauniond, 
Simeon E. Callison, Dr. H. L. Pratt. V. B. Ingram, T. II. Maxtield, 
F. G.; C. A. Johnson, Gus. Hulsizei', J. C. Perrv, F. B. Ilallock, F. W. 
AV^addell. George C. Van Osdell, Euo-ene Rose. D. G. Stouffer, 
Bethuel Pierson, S.; J. F. AA'"addell, F. A\ . Lyon, George E. Downend, 
Thomas IL Carlin, S.; John AA''. Scott, Willianr F. Newland, Nathan 
D. AlaxHcld, W. A. Newton. Martin B. Downend, James II. Rennick, 
William AV. Fox. Xorniau E. Pomei'ov, Alex. J. Forbes, John P. 

Torr.ox TowxsHir. 287 

Williams, Dr. Lemuel L. Long. W. T. Lloyd, Charles ^V. Kellogg. 
John Haiina, Frank J. ilarlatt, Charles ilyers (Peoria), John A. 
Williams. Wallace W. Carr, W. H. Sexsmith, Edward Sellon, AYilliam 
H. Bartram. The actual active membership is 76. 

Eebekah Degree. Star Lodge, iXo. 1U>, was instituted Febniarj' 16, 
1S82, bv Grand .Secretary X. C. IS'ason, of Peoria, as G. M.; L^. LI. 
Brown," P. G., of Lafayette, as D. G. M.; P. G. Cruchtield, of Wood- 
hull, G. Sec; P. G. Franks, of Peoria, G. Treas.; P. G. Greibell, of 
Peoria. G. Sent. After the lodge was instituted the following officers 
were elected and installed : D. S. Hewitt, X. G.; Mrs. V. B. Tliorn- 
ton, V. G.; J. M. Brown. Sec; Mrs. Stanley, Fin. Sec; Mrs. D. 
Chamberlain, Treas. 

Tct/ijjenoicc WorJi: — Tlie Washingtonian Temperance Society was 
organized in 184:5, and for a few years did very effective work. 

The Sons of Temperance was chartered in February, 1848, with the 
following members: John W. Henderson, Martin Shallenberger, Benj. 
Turner, Patrick ]\L Blair, Thomas J. Henderson, Ira Ward, sr., Wheeler 
B. Sweet, Oliver Whitaker, W. W. Drummond, Simon S. Heller, John 
A. Williams, Ira AVard, jr.. and Sam'l (i. Butler. In ISiS-ll. this asso- 
ciation erected a hall, which was subsequently owned by the Masonic 
Ijod}-, just north of the old ]M. E. Church. The public good effected In' 
this organization is incalculable. Through association drunkards were 
reclaimed; moral lepers cui'ed; but an ultra element grew up within 
it. inti'odnced politics, destroyed its usefulness, and ultimately killed 
the lodge itself. 

Arthur Lodge, No. 4.54. I. O. G. T., was chartered in October, 1863, 
with the following named nieml)ers: Amos P. Gill. Patrick Nowlan, 
Mary P. Xowlan, Delphme AYhitaker, Mary E. Beatty, Mrs. M. A. 
Myers, Mrs. E. S. Fuller. Charles Myers, Samuel Burge, John D. 
Walkei-, S. S. Kaysbier, Wm. Lowman, M. A. Fullei- and A. C. Price. 

Division No. 3 Sons of Temperance, was organized March 17, 1.S7.5, 
with Levi Silliman presiding. Oliver Whitaker. Oliver White. Mrs. 
Mary Merriman, Frank Eastman. II. Y. Godfrey, Orlando Brace, II. 
II. Price, Manning Hall, and other memijers of the former Good 
Templars lodge, Ijelonging. 

The I. O. G. T. organized a lodge at Toulon in February, 1880, with 
42 members. The officers in order of rank were: A. P. Miller. Robert 
Fell, Miss Effie Lyon, Elder Berry, F. S. Eosseter. Mi-s. A. P. Miller, 
King Matthews and li. II. Price. 

Women's Christian Temperance LTnion is noticed further on. 

Earnest Lodge, Xo. 191, 1. O. G. T., was organized at the Methodist 
Church. Toulon, March 4, 18^6. J. M. French presided, with Gus. 
Hulsizer, secretaiy. The permanent officers elected, were A. F. Stick- 
nev. W.C. T. : Mrs. Marv Lake, W. Y. T.; P. P. Johnson. W. T. ; 
Gus. Hulsizer, W. S. : Pobert Fell, W. F. S. ; Chas. Eicholz, W. M. ; 
Eev. W. W. Carr, W. P. W. C. T. ; C. W. Hall. W. L. S. ; I. N. Wit- 
ter, W. C. ; Miss May Smith, W. I. G. ; Will Xewton. W. O. S. The 
name of the lodge was suggested by C. W. Hall. The signers of the 
petition for a c-harter were: Eva Turner, Sarah Bennett, M. L. 
McClenahan, Cora Headley, David Johnson, S. E. Blackner, Cora 


Echvards, L. Edwards, Alice Edwards, Austin and Wni. Eyck, Peter F. 
Brady, li. Fell. Mrs. Lake, Ed. Newland, Samuel Johnson, Oscar 
Hendlev, C. D. Ward, Ella Bennett, C'lias. W. Eicliolz, Wm. Hogie, 
Wells White, G. Crafford, P. P. Johnson, Bertie Hall, C. B. and 
Harry Hall, Mrs. A. Hall, H. Foglesong, Andrew Whitaker, A. L. and 
P. A. Johnson, J. W. Plumber, J. H. and C. W. Hall, John East- 
man, A. F. Stickney, Mrs. L. A. Brainard, Bell Adams, Mabel Fell, 
W. A. Newton, Gus. Hulsizer, Isaac M. and Etta Witter, ^linnie 
Blast, AV. W. Carr, A. Christy, May Smith and Anina McConisey. 
Many of all who signed the petition did not become members, but in 
March, lS8(i, others were admitted, among whom were Emma, and 
Plessie Follett, Percy Rennick, John Geer, S. J. Sharp, Geo. Walker, 
Geo. Grim and Fanny Thorp. 

W. W. Wr>i/M ro$t — l\o. 327, G. A. P., was chartered August 20, 
1883. The original members are the first twenty -five on record, name, 
native state, date of enlistment, rank, company and regiment, and 
term of service being given : 

.John M. Brown, Va., Oct. 1, 1'61, Sergt., Co. K, 47 III. luf., 3 yr.s., promoted Capt. 

Orlando Brace, 111.. Sept, 10, 1862, private, Co. A, 124 111. Inf., 3^yrs., promoted 
corporal, wounded at Spanish Fort. 

George H. Martin. N. Y., Oct. 1, 1861, private. Co. K, 47 111. Inf., until .Juh'. 1865. 

George H. ilartin, K. Y.. Oct. 1, 1861, Lieut., Co. B. 7 111. Inf., to close of war, 

Jame.s Price, Ky., Aug. 21, 1862, private, Co. E, 83 111. Inf., 10 mos., dis. for dis. 

Robert H, Price, 111., Aug, 21, 1862, private. Co, E, 83 111, luf,, 2 yrs. and 10 mos. 

Kobert .1. Dickinson, N. Y., Sept. 5, 1862, private, Co, B, 127 111, Inf., 12i^ mos,. 

AVilliam W. Wright, 111., .June 1, 1864,, private, Co. H, 139 111. Inf., 5 mos., 
of term. 

Andrew Galbraith, Pa., Aug. 18, 1862, marine artillery, disbanded. 

Andrew Galbraith. Pa., Aug. 18, 1862, U. S. navy, term expired. 

Andrew Galbraith, Pa., Feb. 24, 1860, 2d Lieut., Co. I, 151 111. Inf., 11 mos. 

Samuel M. Adams, O., Sept. 20, 1862, private, Co. P. 112 111, Inf , 2^4 yrs. 

Edwin Butler, 111., Sept. 20, 1862, sergeant, Co. F, 112 111. Inf.. 2?^; yrs. 

Aii.stiu C, Himes, Pa.. Sept. 20, 1862, iirivate, Co. F, 112 111. Inf., 2?.i' yrs. 

.John F. Rhodes, 111., Sept. 2U, 1862, corporal, Co. F, 112 111. Inf., 1 yr. and 10 mos., 

David Tinlin, Can., Sept. 20. 1862, private, Co. F, 112 111. Inf., 2 yrs. and 8 mos., 
dis. for dis. 

.Jesse Likens, Pa., Aug. 15, 1862, iirivate. '^.'o. F, 112 111. Inf., transferred. Likens, Pa.. Nov. 17, 1864, private, Co. K, 3d V. R. C., 214 yrs., dis. for dis. 

Bradford F. Thompson, Me., Sept. 20, 1862, 1st Sergt., Co. B, 113 III. Inf., 2^ yi's-, 

Matthew H, Rounds, N. Y., Sept. 30. 1864, private, Co. B, 20 III. Inf., 9 mos. 

Gus. Hulsizer, N. .1., Mav 31. 1864, private, Co. H, 134 111. Inf.. 5 mos. 

Gus., N. .J., Feb. 27, 1865, private, Co. A, 32 111. Inf., 9 mos. 

Charles E. Shiun, 111., Sept. 2, 1861, private. Co. B, 33 111. Inf., 4 vrs. and 2 mos. 

Thomas Gemmell, 111.. Aug. 29, 1861, private, Co. A, 30 111. Inf., 3 yrs. 11 mos. 

Bethuel Pierson, Pa., Feb. 7, 1865, private, Co. I, 151 111. Inf., llj.,' mos. 

\V. F. Newland, Ind., Aug. 1863, private, CJo. F, 79 Ind. Inf.. 6 mos.. dis. for dis. 

Daniel S. Hewitt, Pa., Feb, 26. 1864. [irivate, Co. C, 1st Batt. M. M. 

James A. Henderson, Tenn., Feb. 1, 1865, private, Co. F, marine Art.. 11 mos. 

William Hughes, Mich., Aug. 1862, private, Co. I, 18 Mich. Inf. 

William Hughes, Mich., Nov. 1863. private, Co. D, 11 Mich. Cav. 

Ilenrv B. Perry, W. Va.. Sept. 20. 1862, corporal, Co. F, 112 111. Inf., 2^^ Y"- 

Ambier T, Mas.sac. 111.. Aug. 20, 1864, private, Co. B, 29 111. Inf., 141.J mos. 

Wm. H. Tavlor, 111., Mav 1, 1861, private, Co. G, 8 Mo. Cav., oli., mos. 

Chas. E. Hill, Va., Nov,"ll, 1863, private, Co. I, 11 U. S. Col. Art., 23K mos. 

James P. Headlv, 111., Aug. 12, 1862, Co. F, 112 111. Inf., 34 months, 

David G. Stoufler, Pa,, Aug. 8, 1862, Co. B, 127 Penn. Inf., 9 months. 

Torr.oN ToWNSHir. l!S'.l 

Darius Deinunt, N. .T., Ann. 12, lS(!2,-('(i. F, \\2 111 Inf., ?,."i inonllis. 

Darius Demunt. N, J., Auk. at, ls(i:3, V. K. Cav., 35 months. 

Willis Pifrsou, N. J., April, 18U1, L'o. C, 4 ^'. Y. Inf., 39 monUis 

Willis Piersou, N. J.. .July, 1861, Co. C, 8 N. J. Inf.. 39 months. 

Samuel Bur,!?e, X. H., June 1, 1864, Co. H, 139 111. Vol., 5 months. 

Prcslv Tirriil, III.. Aua;. 12, 1862, Co. P. 112 111. Vol., 34 mouths. 

Joseph Flemiug, N. ¥■:, Awj;. 12. 1862, Co. B, 112 111. Vol., 34mon1lis. 

Louis C. Egljert, N. J., Sept. 17, 1801, Co. IC, 47 111. Vol., 43 months. 

Louis C. Egbert, N. J., March 13, 1865, Co, E, 11 111. Cav., 43 month.s. 

Andrew Kamerer, N. Y., Aug. 12, 1862, Co. F, 112 111. luf., 34 months. 

Wm. H. Little, N. J., Sept. 30, 1864, Co. I, 20 111. Vol., 'i^ months. 

Chas. W^ Priee, Isl Lieut., 111., June 30, 1862, Co. E, 71 111. Vol., 45i.< months. 

Chas. W. Price, 111., Feb. 29. 1864, Co. A, 77 111. Vol., 4o}4 months. 

Chas. W. Price, 111., July 25, 1864, Co. I, 117 111. Vol., 45i^' months. 

Bartlett N. Fox, O., Oct. 15, 1861, Co. A, 2 Col. Inf., 36 months. 

William Newton, F:ng., July 3, 1861, Co. B, 35 111. Vol., 53 months. 

William Newton, Eng., Dee. 3, 1862, Co. C, 4 IT. S. Cav., 53 months. 

David Webster. 111., Aug. 14, 1862, Co. F, 113 111. Inf., 34 months. 

Joseph B. Witter, O., Sept. 17, 1861, Co. K, 47 111. Inf., 37 months. 

George P. Richer, O., Jtmc 12, 1861, Co. B, 19 111. Inf., 49 months. 

George P. Richer, ()., Oct. 8, 1864, Co, K, 42 III. Inf., 49 months. 

W. H. Scolt, 111., Mav 14, 1864, Co. G, 132 111. Inf., 5 months. 

Robert Pvle, O., Dec. 7, 1861, Co. K, 47 111. Inf., 36 months. 

:Melville A. Bass, N. Y., Auy. 19, 1862, Co. I), 4 X. Y, H. Art., 14 months. 

Thomas Flanagan, N. Y'., Jan. 25. 1864. Co. H, 9 111. Cav., 21 mouths. 

Wm. D. James, Pa., Aug. 17, 1861, Co. C, 10 111. Inf., 25 months. 

Win. D. James, Pa., Feb'. 23, 1864, Co. C, 10 111. Inf., 25 mouths. 

John W. Morrison, Va., March 7, 1865, Co. K, 47 111. Inf., lOi," months. 

James Gelvin, vide Esse.x Tji. liistory. 

The pensioiiei's i-esiding at Toulon in November, 1S88, were Saman- 
tlia Keffer, receiving $20 per inontli : Sylvester JSweet, |8; Jesse 
Likens, §4 ; John Clark, ^i) ; Matthew H.' Eoimds, |4 ; John Black- 
burn, §2+; Chas. E. Shinn, it^S; U. J. Dickenson, $18; Orlando Brace, 
$18 ; J. F. Rhodes, $2.(17; and James A. Henderson, $15. The latter 
now deceased. 

The lirst commander was -lohn M. Brown, 1883-84, with Bradford 

F. Thompson, Adjutant. David Tinlin was elected commander for 
1SS5, with John M. Brown, adjutant. Andrew Galbraith was elected 
commander in 1S8(), with David Tinlin adjutant. The officers of 1887 
are, O. Brace, commander; D. S. Hewitt,' S. Y.; L. C. Egbert, J. V.; 
Robert Pvle, S.; J. F. Rhodes, C; J. M. Brown, Q. M. T.; R. H. Price, 
O. of D.;^C. E. Shinn, O. of G.; B. F. Thompson, D. to S. E. 

The soldiers who died in the service are named as follows: 
Captain W. W. Wright, Olanss Forss and John L. Adams. 112th 111. 
vol.; Capt. Benj. Williams, Co. (t, luHth Regt. ; John S. Taylor, Co. 

G, 42d Regt. ; Joseph W. Jamison, Co. K, 47th Regt. ; Geo. K. Prath- 
er and Philip 0. Faber, 9th 111. Cav.; John A. and Wm. X. Perry, Co. 
B, 37th 111. Inf.; Murry Hotchkiss, 130tli Ind. Inf. The names of sol- 
diers buried here, who died since the close of the war are, Wm. Rounds 
and H. P,. Johnson, Co. F, 112th 111. Inf.; Henry B. Dexter, Co. B, 37th 
111. Inf.; Alex. Ileadlev, Co. B, 7th 111. Inf.; Elisha Mosher, Co. II, 
130th 111. Inf.; Henrv W. Thonuis, Co. I, 151st Inf.; Wm. O. Johnson, 
Co. H, 139th Regt.; St. James A. Henderson, Co.K. 47th PL Inft.,and 
Nathaniel W. Dewey, Co. H, 139th 111. Inf. Sylvester Sweet, of the 
war of 1812, and Win. Dunn, of the Mexican war, are also buried 
here in the Toulon cemetery. 


In the Rhodes burying gvound lie the remains of Cartlin Rhodes of 
the U. S. Marine Corps. 

Co. G, 111. N. Ct. was organized at Toulon in 1877. 

Literary^ Dehating and Mutual Societies. — The Lotus Club dates 
back to April, 1874, when it was organized at the house of Martin 
Shallenlierger. Its object, says Miss E. L. McKeighan, " was the mu- 
tual improvement of its members, who were limited to twelve, but 
afterAvard extended to sixteen. The girls who signed the constitution 
and still retain their membership, tliougli the most of them have 
changed their names, are : Ada Fuller, Tillie and Pauline Shallenber- 
ger, now Mrs. Reagan ; Sarah Eastman, Sarah Silliman, Bell Godfrey, 
Kate Ketfer, Kate Adams, Sophia Wright, Louisa Culbertson. who died 
seven yeai-s ago, Mary Davis, "Ella Lowman, Jodie Jones, Mary Lyon, 
Nellie' McKeighan and Effie Lyon. Meetings were regularly hekl for 
some time, Imt gradually lessened in number aiul interest until the club 
only existed in name. In Septend^er, 1884, during a visit of Mrs. Mary 
(Lj^on) Hart, nine of tlie original members assembled and reorganized. 
At a reunion of the Lotus Club held in August, 1885, at the house of 
Miss Sarah Eastman, there were eight of the original club present, 
These were Mrs. Effie McKeighan, Mrs. Nellie Silliman, Mrs. Ada Ful- 
ler, ]\lrs. Tillie Iliggins, Mrs. Sophia Wright, Miss Sarah Sillinuin, 
Mrs. Belle Newland and Mrs. Sarah Eastman. The last named was 
elected president; ]\Irs. Higgins, vice-president; Mrs. McKeighan. 
secretary, and Miss Silliman,"Treasurer. In September, 1886, the last 
meeting" was held at the home of Mrs. Effie L. McKeighan, at Toulon. 

The Woman's Club of Toulon, successor to the Reading Circle, 
Dorcas Society, and other old-time literary associations, may be 
said to have" been organized November 2, 1878. Mrs. Walker 
was chosen president. The original members were : Mrs. Benj. 
Turner, Mrs. Stella Walker, Mrs. Lois Baldwin, Mrs. H. M. 
Blair, Mrs. Thornton, Mrs. Carrie Rhodes, Mrs. Emily Hall, at 
whose house the first meeting Avas held, Mrs. E. H. Shallen- 
berger, who drafted the constitution. Miss Sarah Turner and Miss 
Sarah Berfield. Miss Martha Berfield was chosen an honorary 
member. The second meeting was held at ]\Irs. Turner's, and cele- 
brated its first anniversary at the Opera House. The second anniver- 
sary was observed at the Toulon House. Mrs. C. R. Rliodes was 
elected president in 1879-80, and Miss Lois Baldwin secretary. In 
1880-1, Mrs. W. B. Nelson, president, and Miss Martha Berfield secre- 
tary, Mrs. E. H. Shallenl)erger president and Miss Sarah A. Turner 
secretarj^ ]\Irs. R. A. Turner president and Mrs. Davis secretary ; 
1881-2, "Mrs. Stella D.Walker president and Mrs. Harriet M. Blair 
secretary ; 1882, Mrs. Eliza Lyon in-esident and Mi-s. Anna K. Wright 
secretary ; Mrs. C. R. Rhodes president, Mi's. Lucy P. Smith president 
and Miss May Cady secretary; 1883, Mrs. Kate" Geer president and 
Mrs. Eliza Davis secretary, als'o Mrs. A. Johnson secretary ; Mrs. Mary 
Wright president, Mrs. Emily Hall secretary, Mrs. Davis president 
and Mrs. Marv Wright secretary. In 1884. Sliss Nellie Wright presi 
dent. Miss Sarah Eastman secretary ; Mrs. R. A. Turner secretary and 
Mrs. Kate Geer secretary ; Miss 'Sarah Berfield president and Miss 

'j'ori.ox Tiiw xsiiii', 291 

Cora B. Swank secretary ; 1885, Mrs. Stella I). Walker jiresident and 
Mrs. Harriett M. Blair secj-etary ; Mrs. Geer president, Mrs. C. 11. 
Rhodes president and Jfrs. Eutli A. Price secretary ; 1886, Mrs. Van 
Osdell president and Dell A. Lyon secretary; Mrs. K. .1. Smith, Mrs. 
Emily llall. Miss C'assie Dewey and Miss Sarah Berfield. 

The Woman's Christian Temperance Union was organized May 29, 
188 . The delegates to the W. ('. T. U. convention at Peoria in Octo- 
ber, 1884. were Mrs. R. A. Turner, ifrs. S. A. Chamberlain and J\Irs. 
R. A. Price, represented in convention by Mrs. R. A. Turner. In June, 
1885, the representatives at the Canton con\'ention were Mrs. R. A. 
Turner, Mrs. F. A. Godfrey and Mrs. S. D. AValker. In 1886 aU the 
meml)ers represented this society at Toulon. The Farmington convention 
of the summer of 1886 claimed as reiiresentatives Mi's. A. W. Hicks, Mrs. 
S. A. Cluunberlain and Mrs. R. A. Turnei-. The names of ijresent mem- 
bei's are as follows: Madams E. A. Henderson, R. A. Turner, S. D. 
Walker, R. A. Price, L. Burge, C. J. Pliter, C. R. Rhodes, C. K. Stick- 
ney, F. Godfrey, M. McClenahan, Mrs. Stevens, Mary Wright, Miss 
Sarah Turner, E. S. Lyon, Jennie Foster, Miss T. Dewey, Mrs. D. W. 
Dewey, Mi's. S. A. Chamberlain, ilrs. A. AV. Hicks, Mrs. Brooks, Mrs. 
Flint and Mrs. John Smith. Mrs. R. A. Turner has presided since 
organization with ilrs. S. I). Walker corresponding secretary, Mi's. R. 
H. Price recoi'ding secretary and Mrs. H. iL Blair treasurer. 

The y. M. C. A. of Toulon was oi'ganized March 28, 1885, with the 
following named mendjers : William \. Dewey, C. !N. Christy, Elmer 
Packer, E. B. Starrett, W N. Starrett. F. W. Rhodes, Charles B. Hall, 
A. T. Smith, O. C. Starrett, J. M. Stanley, Frank Smith, F. B. :Xicliol- 
son, C. A. Foster, James B. Mason, George Downend, C. W. Eicholz, 
Frank Rist, W. F. Nicholson and J. W. Stephens. Charles H. Christy 
was first president, succeeded in 1886 by the lii'st secretary, W. F. 
Nicholson, and he as secretary b}' W. H. Starrett. The meml)ership is 
twenty-eight. The rooms of the association are w^ell furnished and 
provided with a very liberal supply of books, pamphlets, magazines and 
newspapers. Prior to its oi'ganization.many of the membei's belonged 
to the '• Young Peoples' Christian Association." The records of the hrst 
Y. M. C. A. cannot be found, tliouoh Jud^e Wrig-ht, one of its most 
energetic members, made a search for them. 

The Toulon Literary Society was organized in 1858. T. A. Formau, 
D. Lowman, Dr. (Jopestake, Martin Shallenbergei", G. A. Clifford, T. 
J. Henderson, P. M. Blair, (). White, H. M Hall, M. A. Fuller, J. A. 
Henderson, called the meeting to oiganize December 2, 1858. 

The Pliilozata Societv was a permanent organization at Toulon in 

The Reading Circle of 1867 was presided over generally by Oliver 
White, with John F. Rhodes, secretary. Among the essayists w'ere 
the men named. Miss Kate Whitaker, Mrs. M. Shallenberger, Miss 
Heath, William Thompson. Miss Tilly Beatty, and others. Mrs. 
Turner, Miss Tillv Shallenberger and others, generallv entertained 
their associate meniliers vrixh select music. 

The old Couit lloute iJebating Society, oi' Toulon Private Deba- 
ting Club, the constitution of which was the basis of the constitution 


of the present debating society, as drafted by W. "VV. Wright, wasotie 
of the leading literary clubs of the county. The first meeting re- 
corded was held January' 29, ISfil, with Dr. Chaniljerlain presiding. 
The question was: " Has any State the right to withdi'aw from the 
Union." J. A. Henderson, P. M. l>laii", O. F. Dorrance, and F. Rhodes, 
aflRrnied. while D. Lowman, M. A. Fullei', Kathaniel Wright and Mr. 
Walley, a banker here in the days of "stuniped-tailed currency," 
taking the opposite side. Among members taking part in sub- 
secpient debates, were Kev. AVilliam Leggett, W. W. Wright, 
C'ai)t. Benj. Williams. E. L. Emerv, D. J. Walker, J. W. Hewitt, 
Rev. Neff, G. A. Clifford, C. L. Eastman, N. M. Bonham, B. G. 
Hall. The last meeting on record took place November 28, 1865, 
when the resolution that Jeflf Davis should be executed, was carried. 
M. A. Fuller was secretary of this society from its organization to this 
date. Rhodes, Chamberlain, Walkei', Blair, J. A. Henderson, Wright 
and D. Lowman, served as presidents, with others. 

The Toulon Debating Society was organized Febi'uary 5, 1872, with 
the following named members : James 11. Miller, G. N. Nicholas, R. 
Creigh ton Wright, George A. Lowman, W.W.Wright, Samuel Burge, 
(!. H. ]5urge.D. J. Walker, John F. Rhodes, H. L. Harrington, J. K. 
P. Lowman, Edward A. Burge. E. B. Lyon, Frank Matthews, Frank 
Fuller, Levi Silliman, AVilliam Dunn, and T. il. Shallenberger. W. W. 
Wright was elected president, and James IL Millei', secretary'. Willis 
Dewey, Frank, Prout, Oliver White and M. A. Daugherty, were ad- 
mitted before the close of 1873. The initiation fee was $15. In 1880 
the societjMvas incorporated under the name '"Toulon Debating Soci- 
ety." The constitution of 1872 was drafted by Messrs. Mathews, E. 
a! Burge and James IL Miller. The by-laws were reported by John 
F. Rhodes and Thomas Shallenbei'ger. The question — " That success 
is the best criterion of character," was the tirst discussed and decided 
for the affirmative. Among the names on record as presidents are the 
following : W. W. Wright, G. W. Nicholas, John F. Rhodes. G. A. 
Lowman, C. H. Burge, D. .1 . Walker, F. Fuller, R. C. Wright, E. B. Lyon, 
L(n'i Silliman, J. K. P. Lowman, G. M. Miller, Geo. McKeighan, 
William Dunn, Frank Matthews, E. A. Burge, Frank Prout, M. A. 
Daugherty, F. Lyon, Edward Starrett, A. H. Price, Wm. Hughes, E. 
li. Lyon, Thomas Treat, James FL Miller, R. J. Dickenson, I. N. Wade, 
princi])al of the high school in 1878, and Dr. Baldwin. J. FL Miller 
was secretary up to March, 1876. From April following to Februarj- 
1877, A. P. Miller, E. B. Starrett, and G. A. Thomas served at inter- 
vals, when J. FL Miller was reelected secretai-y. Since 1878, A. P. 
]\Iillei' has filled the position of secretary. Li May, 1873, Dr. R. B. 
Bement lectured before the society. In February, 1875,,lohn G. Saxe 
was here. On December 9, of this year a present of an office chair was 
made to the secretary, Mr. Miller, in recognition of his services to the 
society. Prof. Parsons lectured here on Januaiy 6, 1876, and Mrs. Abby 
Sage "Richardson in Novembei', 1877. In 1878 the "Blind preacher of 
Congress" lectured here. Schuyler Colfax, Fred. Douglass, Henry 
Ward Beecher, Laura Dainty, J.C. Bui'roughs, "Eli Perkins," "Josh 
Billings," Wendell Phillips,' were here in 1878, General Kiljjati-ick, TitWNSilll'. 20?) 

Ann Eliza Vounii' and Tlieo. Tilton in 188ii. and in Febfuarv of this 
year an anni versa it banquet was given, (no less than 130 persons par- 
ticipating') at the Town" Hall. J. F. Tthodes presided. A. P. ililler 
])resided over the ninth anniversarv', and James H. Miller over the 
tenth anniversary meeting of its organization. Eveiy Avinter this 
society has introiluced to the people some able lecturers or artists, and 
in this year, Ijeginning in October, 1886, and ending in February, 
1887, such well-known names as Laura Dainty, General Lew. Wallace, 
Chaplain J. P. Jloe, Dr. James Iledley are on the program, with the 
Nashville students and entertainments by local talent. 

M!i:<celh(neous. — The music school of ]\Iiss Alice M. Lowman was 
opened at Toulon, in November, 18B7. 

The Toulon sax-horn band was re-organized in February, 1868. An 
organization of this character existed prior to the war. 

The tirst regular meeting of the Toulon Benevolent Society was 
held in May, 1870. Mrs. Whitakei' was i)resident with M. L. AVliite, 

The Marl)le Club oi' Shoe Flv Club, was organized at Toulon, 
in May, 1880. 

The '• Buds of Promise," a social organization, organized in Novem- 
ber, 1872, continued to exist until November, 1883, w-hen its last supper 
was given. It comprised the greater number of the younii'er citizens 
of Toulon. 

The Musical Institute was organized at Toulon, October 4, 1876, 
with Samuel Burge, ])resident ; Wdliam Dewey, secretary ; and Messrs. 
Howard, Gaston, Theo. Whitlock, AVilliam Dewey, Wesley Hist, Lou 
and Lottie Brace. Mary and Ella Christy, Pauline Shallenberger, Ada 
Nowlan and Katie Newcomer, a committee on scholarshijjs. 

The Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle of Toulon, dates to 
1879, when four members, one being a member of the fii'st graduating 
class, signed the constitution. 

Old base ball club is said to date back to 1866, when a Dr. Swazey 
referred to the game and assisted in the organization of the first club. 
Among the members were W. W. Wright, secretary ; J. M. Brown, 
Harlan Pierce, W. G. Bradley, now in Nebraska, B. G. Hall, now in 
Iowa, George Stone, Neponsett, Bureau county, 111., Henry Harring- 
ton, now a physician at Monmouth, 111., George W. Dewey or 
" Yankee (nleorge,'" now in Guthrie county, Iowa, A. T. Higgins, 
Robert Fell, of Davis & Fell, W. T. Hall, now a physician of Toulon. 
D. J. Wallver was a member of the club. Kewanee, Galva, Princeville, 
Lafayette, Altona and Bradford clubs were generally beaten in con- 
tests. The base liall circle of the present time comjtrises such players 
as C. Hall and Ed. O'Donnell, and the sons of many of those who 
participated in the games of the old club. Speaking of C. W. Hall, 
who is a student of Rush Medical College, Chicago, a report was cur- 
rent in December, 188f), that the New York City Metroijolitau base 
i>all club, members of the American Association, have engaged his 
services foi' the coming season — six months — at $1,700, expenses 


" The nine worthies." 

" Pardon me, if I speak like a captain." 

" Will make him tly an ordinary pitch." 

" No doubt but that he hath got a quiet catch." 

" I'll have an action of battery against him." 

" Masking the busine-ss from the common eye." 


W}'oining is made up of all kinds of materials, and its society is 
exceeding'ly miscellaneous. There is the inquisitive Yankee, pushing 
forward his new inventions; the industrious Pennsylvanian, am;issing- 
wealth ])y the aid of his iron sinews; the shrewd Irishman, looking as 
cheerful as the blue smoke that curls up from his pleasant liome; the 
delil)erate Englishman, boasting the superiority of his country and his 
laws; the canny Scotchman, nuiking his acres blossom like the rose; 
and the ruddy-looking German, singing his songs of " Faderland " and 
hoarding up every little "shiner" that gets between his fingers. Each 
brought along with him his early habits and associations; his own 
views of business, laws and religion ; and, as a natiirai consequence, 
Avhen brought together on pulilic questions, were apt to boil up like a 
mixture of salt and soda, but the spirit of the countiy and cii'cum- 
stances boiled them down into one people. 

There are in the town no church steeples with bells in, that tolled our 
great-grandfathers to the tomli; no long lines of graves, in which are 
Iniried the virtues of those ancestors only known from tradition ; 
there is no gray-haired i)astor, rising up like a sacred statue in the 
memory ; no aged deacon, with his head resting on the side of the pew 
and enjoying a brief sleep as the preacher sermonizes ; no old sexton, 
limping away to the hurrying ground with his spade upon his shoulder, 
for the purpose of making an unceremonious rattle among the diy 
bones. Yet the city has a past upon which the historian can dwell. 
Nature's mighty cathedral still stands arouiul and above with its lofty 
dome of sun, moon aiul stars; l)ut its i)illars are not overgrown with the 
moss of centuries. The great high priests that worshiped at the altars 
and burnt incense to the great Spirit — where are they? The temple 
still stands, but the worshipers are gone. Here and there, we meet 
with melanclioly souveniers of some tribe that wandered here in early 
years; Imt the mass lie buried under the mounds with their wea])ons of 
war crumbling to dust, and their history buried along with them. 

l^nlike the county-seat the history of this town is linked with the 
})ersonal history of many of the pioneers of Essex, Penn and \"alle\' 
townships as well as of Toulon township, in which it is situate. For 
this reason, the histories of these townships must be read in connection 
with this chapter to obtain the full knowledge of the character and 
manner of its settlers and of its settlement and progress. Many new 
names are also identified with the old village of Spoon River — names 
Ijrought from all parts of the Union, from the Canadas and from 

It is the oldest village in the county, being laid out by B. M. Hayes, 
surveyor of Putnam county, for Gen. Samuel Thomas, in March, 1830, 
and the plat acknowledged in May of that year. The area of the 

TOPLON TOWNsnir. 295 

original town, oi' from '\A''illiani street on the north to Agurd street on 
the south is 79 27-33 rods, and from First to Seventh or East street 
15M rods, witli streets, S2|^ feet wide, alley IGi feet, lots 156f feet 
long ranging from 52^ to 66 feet wide. Smith and Main streets foi'med 
the centre of the town with the public S(|nare between Fourth and 
Fifth and Smith and Main streets. 

Two years latei' ver}- little in the way c^f improvement was atfected. 
In Mrs. Shallenberger's ''Stark County and its Pioneers" it is stated 
that "the Lacon IleraJd in 1838 spoke of as having upon its site "one 
second-hand log smoke house " which served the double purpose of 
store and ])ostofiHce. Nevertheless its name appears upon several maps 
of that time, and it was a prominent candidate for the county seat. It 
is saia that some speculators interested in the sale of lots had circulars 
struck otf and circulated in the eastei'n states in which this town was 
represented in 1837, at the head of navigation on Spoon river, with 
tine warehouses towering aloft and boats lying at the wharf which 
negroes were loatling and unloading, giving the appearance of a busy 
commercial mart. This may be lint a story, still it serves to illustrate 
the speculating mania of those days : which disease has nc^t yet ceased 
to attiict mankintl. but only traveled a few degrees farther west. A 
gentleman wlio had been somewhat victimized by such false reports in 
1S38, revenged himself by perpetrating the following rhymes : 

" Osceola's l)ut a name, a staked out town at best, 
^Vlliell, like the Indian warrior's fame, has suuk to endless rest. 
Wyoming's still an emptier sound, witli scarce a wooden peg, 
Save that mj' old friend Barrett has, to serve him as a leg ! " 

The early lot jturchasers at Wvoming are named in the following- 
list : Giles C. Dana, 1842; M. 1!. A'anPetten, ISOo; Robert IJarrett, a 
one-legged shoemaker, 1843; Casper Katzenberger, 1854 ; James P. 
Greenough, 185S ; Wm. Kearns, 1854; Samuel Wrigley, 1856; Joha 
Wriglev, 1851; W. O. Shaw, 1857; Pollv Thurston, 1850; D. C. 
Green. 1858; Patrick Murpliv, 1861; Johii White, 1860; Alfred F. 
LaShells, 1857 ; J. R. LaShells, 1849: T. I). Guthrie, 1852 ; Greenwalt 
& Di.xon, 1856); C. W. Brown, I860; Sclmol Trustees, lots 10 and 11, 
in lilock 10, Xovendjer, 1850. March, 1851 ; John Colgan, 1856 ; 
St. Luke's Protestant Eplsco])al Societv, lot 8, block 10, Thomas ad- 
dition, 1857; IT. A. Hoist, 1852; S. F' Otman, 1855; AV. F. Cristy, 
Robert K. AVoods, A. G. Hammond, 1857 ; Bassett & Pierce, 1861 ; 
Francis A. Milliken, 1855; D. R. Beers and wife, 1856; Edwin llntch- 
ison, 1852; Trustees Methodist Ei)iscopal church, lot 4, B. C. Thomas 
addition, 1857; Riifus "Woodcock, 1852; Joel Cox, 1855; T. F. Ilurd, 
1843; W. G. Thompson, 1848; Mary G. Brooks, 1856; Isaac Young, 
1857; James Martin, 1858. Wrigley s addition to Wyoming, lots 1 to 
11, each containing from f acre to 1^ acre, was surveyed Ijy S. F. 
Otman, and acknowledged by John Wrigley. June 17" 1857!^ This 
tract lies southeast of the AVyoming & Galena road. 

The additions by W. F. Thomas, 1870; J. G. Greene, 1870; G. C. 
Dana, 1870; Scott '^' AVrigley, 1872; and Castle, ls7(), with Dana's addition, Tiiomas' first addition, and Castle's atidition of 1^70, 
make up the present town. 


The early ])ui'cliasers of town lots in Green's addition to "Wvoniino- 
wei'e : Harvey N. Fox, 18(59 ; B. F. Bouglin, Gecrg-e W. Selders, Mar- 
garet Turner, 1870; Newton Boughn, Thomas IST. Benedict, 1871; 
Jonatlian Sims, 1873; David Fast and Son, 1874 to 1875, and others 
since that time. 

In Dana's addition the lot buyers were: John Ilawkes, ISflii ; M. 
A. Coles, J. Ft. Wilson, 18(15 ; Geo. A. Seaver, 18t>3 ; Benjamin F. Boughn, 
J. M. and IT. M. Rogers, 1868 ; Thomas "W. Bloomer, 18(j9 ; James 
Hulsizer, Kerns and Cox, 1870; S. K. Conover, 1872; Laura Fox, E. O. 
Swift, 1873 ; F. F. Brockway, A. J. Sheets. Greenwalts, Gates, 
ilahanys, Purintons, Kings, Truax, Paynes, Auniicks and others ]nir- 
cliased subsecjuently. In 1873 the Central Hall Company of Wyoming 
secured a ])ai-t of Block 1. and in June, ISSO, the village purchased a 
part of tlie same block. In Nov., lS(j5. St. Luke's Protestant Episcojial 
Society secured a part of Block (>. The first purchasers in Scott and 
Wrigley's came in 1872, the Joi'daiis on Block 2. In 1870 W. H. But- 
ler, A. IL Huntington, Peter Lane purchased on Block 1, Castle's ad- 
dition to Wvoming; O. G. Smith. Block 2; Aaron Merker, Block 3; 
Alfred Wolfe, Block 5; INIary M. Fuller, Perry H. Smith and M:ivtm 
S. Stoner. J'lock (> , Joseph F. Noone, Block 7. In 1871 some of the 
other blocks of this subdivision were entered. 

The town owes its establishment and name to Gen. Samuel Thomas, 
born in Connecticut, but a settler of the Wyoming Valley. Pa., from 
18(17 to Aug., 1834, when he set out with his family and William Godley 
for Spoon river, and settled here in October, 1834. Less than two years 
ela})sed l)efore he had the town surveyed under the title, "Town of 
Wyoming." At this time the Essex settlement southwest and the 
Seeley settlement northeast, and Grant's hut on the Holgate Farm, 
may be said to be the only spots on the wilderness of Upper Spoon 
river where civihzation was to be found; but the Indians nad their 
corn fields near the mouth of Camping Run ; on Indian Creek and 
round Walnut Grove. At Bulbona Grove was the French trader, while 
at Itoyd's (xrove and Wyanet the beginnings of settlement were made. 
The names of ]\Iiner. Parker, Bradford, Sturm, Smith, and all those 
mentioned in the organic and political chapters were scattered round, 
but still the pioneer home or the Thomas family in Illinois must be 
considered in the wildei-ness. 

In early years, tlie hoi'se-thief gang visited this part of the county, 
and some members resided here. The adjuster, descril)ed ijy C. S. 
Payne as a green-eyed, spectacled gentleman of very solemn demeanor, 
was accustomed to pass u]i Spoon river once or twice a year to adjust 
or equalize! the proceeds of horse sales for the horse-thief gang. There 
are a few today in the county who well remember this adjuster and 
those horse-thieves. 

Now the additions to population and enterjirise created new aspira- 
tions. Nothing less than sepai-ate government would suit the big ideas 
of the little hamlet, and a petition to this effect was signed in 1S(')5, its 
])rayei' granted, and "The Town of Wyoming" was in fact a town. 
The records of the village are not in good shape, but from them tlie 
following list of village officers is made out: 


1ST2 — A. G. Hammond, C. Collier. A. J. Oonover, P. II. Smith 
and Otis T. Dyer, trustees; Perry H. Smith was chosen president, and 
C. Collier, clerk. 1S73 — Charles S.- Payne, president; W. H. Butler. 
A. J. St(me. H. F. Turner, John W. Agard and John Ellis, trustees; 
C.Collier was chosen clerk. IST-t — S. F. Otman, president; II. J. 
Baldwin, clerk; J. E. Decker, attoi'uey; T. W. Bloomer, Alfred Wolfe, 
H. F. Turner, C. P. McCorkle and John Ellis, trustees. 1875 — G. W. 
Scott, C. P. McCorkle, A. D. Wolfe, trustees ; J. E. Deckei-, attorney ; 
W. H. Butler, clerk; Isaac Thomas, police magistrate; and Capt. 
Otman, president. 1870 — 8. F. Otman, A. J. Stone, J. A. Klock, T. 
W. Bloomer, Adam Lvon and Peter Lane, trustees; W. H. Butler was 
elected clerk, and S. t'. Otman, mayor. 

In 1873 the vote for village organization uiuler the general law wa,s 
77 against 7. A petition was presented to the circuit court in 1870, 
asking tliat the south one-half of Sections 1 and 2. Essex, be detatched 
from Wyoming. The trustees of Wyoming, in October, 1878, were, 
Agard S. Stark. Jordon Hamilton and O. T. Dyer, the lattei' I'e- 
phicing W. J. Bond. T. B. Wall was clerk. In 1879 the trustees 
were: C. F. Hamilton, J. E. Xing, E. Clark, J. W. Smith, and I. II. 
Cowen ; clerk, T. B. Wall, and police magistrate, Isaac Thomas. Tiie 
trui5tees elected in 1880 were: John A. Klock, Jolin W. Smith, Chas. 
I). Castle, Andi'ew F. Stickney, Chas. F. Hamilton and Joim Jordon. 
Thomas B. AVall was elected clerk; C. Y. II;imiltun was cliosen jn-esi- 
dent. The tru.stees elected in 1881 were: C. F. Hamilton, ])resident; 
C. D. Castle, A. 1). Wolfe, J. W. Smith, J. John, and C. P. IMcCorkle. 
H. A. Hammond was elected clerk. 

The Wyoming election of 1882 was hotly contested. .1. B. Iiobinsou, 
of the People's party, receiving 130 votes ; J. A. Klock and E. Clark, 
anti-license, 122, and Elisha Clark, People's party. 127 — the three 
membei's elect. Charles Sargent received the total vote, 250, for vil- 
lage clerk. By order of the l)oard the certificate of stock,, 
which Wvoming held in the Di.xon, Peoria A: Hannibal Railroad, was 
sold in 1882 to A. II. Castle, of Chicago, for $500. This is a sad 
eulogy on the morals of railroad comj)anies. In 1883 C. P. McCorkle 
and Dr. J. C. Copestake were elected trustees, Charles Sargent, clerk, 
and James M. Rogers, police magistrate. Tiie trustees elected in 1884 
were J. A. Klock. Allen M. Pierce and W. A. Truax ; Charles Sargent, 
clerk. A. M. Pierce was cliosen president and Frank Thomas attorney. 
The trustees of 1885 was, John W. Suiitli, Henry Duckworth and F. 
A. Sweetland : S. K. Conover was elected clerk, succeeded bv F. P. 

The Wyoming election of ISSfl resulted in the choice of E. S. 
Teeter, W. A. Truax and Peter Sanner, license men, over Di'. .1. C. 
Copestake. J. E. King and Miller Patterson, anti-license men. J. W. 
Sniitliwas elected jiresident; L. F. Hill, clerk; II. ,V. Hammond, treas- 
urer and Frank Thomas, attoi'ney. The clerk's position was filled by 
S. K. Conover. The expenditures of the village, shown by a]ipropria- 
tion of August, 188(>, aggregate tlie sum of §3, (too, to be levied, as- 
sessed and collected. 

Sehovls. — The history of the sciiools of Wvouiini!' l^eyins in that nf 


Toulon and Essex townsliips, and to these sketches the reader is 
referred. The school records in existence comprise a number of books, 
some well kept, souie very poor in data and facts. From them, ho\v- 
ever, the following memoranda is taken: In May, 1857, the district 
composed of sections 1 and 2 and part of 3, Township 12, range 6, and 
sections 35, 36 antl part of 23, Township 13, range 6, was presided over 
by J. B. Brown, 11. A. Hoist, S. F. Otman, Isaac Thomas, Wm. B. 
Armstrong, Dr. Milliken, Perry Stancliff, Isaac X. Tidd, directors or 
parties in interest. At this time the question of additional school 
room was considercHl ; and on June 13 decided affirmatively. It was 
ordered to levy a ta.x for keeping the summer school in operation, and 
also to establish a gi'aded school. On June 22, a vote on raising |;3,0(»(i 
was voted against — 2i) to 17; so that the district had to be satisfied 
with some re])aii'S to the old building. Miss Harriett Milhken was 
teacher at this time; but in the fall of 1857 Enoch K. Evans was 
engaged to teach the winter school. In 1858 J. G. Greene and Isaac 
Thomas, clerk, are named as directors. Mrs. M. A. Cheney was teacher, 
at $3(1 per month until May, when Miss Mary W. Thomas took her 
place. In the winter W. H. Greenwood was engaged. Early in 1859 
the district was divided, and H. A. Hoist. Perry Stancliff and Dr. J. 
G. Greene chosen directors of Wyoming district. In May Miss Mary 
Ilayden was a]i]>ointed teacher, at §20 ]>er month; and so well did she 
conduct this school, she was rei'ngaged in Julv. At that time there 
was no summer vacation. In September, 1859, Dr. Wm. Hayden, W. 
II. Butler and John B. Pettit were elected directors, and the first 
named served as clerk. In April, I860, Miss Minerva Woodruff was 
engaged as teacher at 825, to succeed Augustus Hammond, who taught 
here during the five previous montlis. Mrs. Hammond assiste<l him 
voluntarily, and to her the directors gi'anted §20. Isaac Thomas suc- 
ceeded J. I). Pettit as director. llaytlen left the village in 1860, but 
his successor was not elected that year. Augustus Hammond was 
reengaged to teach the winter school at $35 per month. In Maj^ 
1861, Miss Mary Pettit was engaged to teach the summei- school. In 
August W. H. Butler and J. M. Thomas were elected directors, and 
Charles Myers engaged as teacher at $30 per month. James M. 
Thomas was elected director in August, 18<>1. vice Dr. Hayden. Isaac 
Thomas was elected in 1860 and AVni. II. Butler in 1861; reelected in 
1863 with. J. G. Greene. In 1863 Isaac Thomas resigned. W. II. 
Butler was chosen clerk, and in 1868 Perry Stancliff was appointed 
clerk. In 18<')9 the school tax was increased from sixty cents to $1.50 
per $11 »0 valuation. In 1864 J. P. Lashells was elected, and in 1865, 
Samuel Butlei-, to serve until August, 1868. In 1868-9 Perry Stan- 
cliff, J. (t. Greene and Jolin C. Cojiestake were the directors. In 1871 
the names of Wm. Schroeder, builder; Beal iV: Gray, brick manufac- 
turers ; Ottnian & King, quarrymen, and J. G. Briggs, lime burners, 
occur in connection with building the school house. The name of 
Samuel Thomas is in connection with the sale of school lot. In 1869 
S. K. Conover was elected as director, and subsequently a})pointed 
clerk. In 187it Perry Stancliff was re-elected director, the meeting 
l)eing held in the brick school house, for District of Township 12, 


range 6, and District ISTo. 8 of Township 13, range 6. In September, 
1870, the first movement was made toward erecting a large school 
building. At that time it was resolved to raise one per cent for a 
sinking fund, to boi-row $5,000, and to dispose of the old brick house. 
In April, 1871 J. C. Copestake was elected director, and in May a 
vote of the two districts was taken in re new school house, when it was 
decided to build on the old site. In July a vote of 27 to 1 agreed 
to increase indebtedness of the two districts to five per cent of the 
assessed valuation. 

In 1861 Miss Mary Pettit taught three months, and in 1802-3 
Charles Myers presided for five months. Mrs. S. A. Beatty and D. li. 
Allen were teachers here in 1863 ; George A. Seaver and Anna E. 
McGlashan in 186-l:-.5. In 1866 she and Miss Cheery were here, the 
former continuing in 1867 with Miss Ardeline Jarneau. In 1869 Miss 
Kate McGlashan assisted in the schools here, and the names of C. O. 
Lambert, Miss E. A. Courtright, Miss Abbie Hulsizer, and Miss Belle 
Brown appear as teachers. In 1870-71 Miss Evans. J. Sohn and E. G. 
Wynkoop were teachers. In 1872 the names of William Nowlan, Miss 
H." Stone, Miss M. E. Stone, Miss Mattie Stone, Alonzo Nicholls and 
Miss Fletcher appear as teachers in the new school building, with 
Simeon Ellis janitor. In 1873 the names of Wni. Nowlan, Miss Fannie 
Thomas, Annie M. liule, Eebecca Butler, W. K. Sandliam, appear as 
teachers ; Peter Pettit was janitor. During Charles Myers term there 
were nineteen lioys and fifteen girls admitted to school, who, with the 
thirteen boys and sixteen girls at beginning of term, in November, 
1861, made up sixty-three pupils. 

On July 1. 187i, Xewton Matthews, of Peoria county, bought $3,- 
500 of district bonds for $3,15U, due July 1, 1876, and $2,0(,)0 on July 
1,1881. Levi Silliman also purchased $1,000 worth of bonds for $900, 
due July 27, 1877. In 1872 S. K. Conover, clerk and director since 
1869. was reelected. On his resignation in 1873, Perry Stancliff and 
T. W. Bloomer were elected directors and John C. Copestake, a mem- 
ber of the board, was appointed clerk. In 1874 George W. Scott was 
elected dii-ector. In Se]itember, 1874, the Wyoming south side schools 
opened, with Prof. Sandham in charge of high scTiool ; W. W. Ham- 
mond, grammar ; Keljecca Butler, intermediate ; Kellie Walker, pri- 
mary ; 164: names were enrolled. 

In 1878 James M. Rogers was elected a director; in 1879 Thomas 
W. Bloomer; in 1880, G. AV. Scott, rei'lected (former clerk, was elec- 
ted president of the board). In 1881, James M. Rogers (also appointed 
clerk). In May, 1879, a school term of eight months was a(lo])ted ; 
$700 made the salary of principal, and $40 per month the pay of other 
teachers. In January, 1877, the south Wyoming school house was 
destroyed by fire, but the damage was secured under insurance policies 
of $7,000. In July, 1878, W. R. Sandham was principal; Miss Carrie 
Butler, teacher in grammar school ; Rebecca G. Butler, intermediate 
classes ; and E. E. Stevenson, primary classes. L. Hill was chosen jan- 
itor. The principal received $9n per month, each teacher $42.50, and 
the janitor $25. In 1879 Mrs. C. W. VanPetten was appointed 
teacher, vice Mrs. R. G. Butler, resigned. A. B. Hill was appointed 


principal ; Mrs. VanPetten, H. V. Morrison, and E. E. Stevenson, 
teachers, and S. F. Hill, janitor. In ISSO Miss M. E. Beers took Miss 
Stevenson's place, being the only change on the staff prior to June. 

In June. 1880, B. G. Hall was api)ointed ]ii'incipal, and in Septem- 
ber Miss Alice Kellar was appointed teacher. In 1 SSI B. G. Hall was 
reengaged as principal, and Miss Louisa Down employed as teacher. 
In April, 1881, it was resolved to borrow $1,000 from A¥yoming vil- 
lage to meet bond maturing. In 1882 A. W. King was elected direc- 
tor, George AY. Scott still serving as clerk. In 1883 Mr. Scott was 
reelected. In 1882 Wm. Boggs was appointed janitor ; B. G. Hall 
reengaged as principal ; Miss Anna, Keller, Miss Alice Keller and Miss 
Louisa Down, teachers. In April, 1883, IMiss Grace Jones and Miss 
L. II. Searle took the places of Susan Down iind Anna Kellar. Miss 
Alice Kellar was retained with them, and B. G. Hall, principal. John 
Hulsizer was employed as ja,nitor. The teaching staff of 1883 were 
reengaged. An offer to Ed\vard Bangs of $1,000 per year as principal 
was declined, when Mr. P. K. Cross was engaged at $900 for term of 
eight months and twenty-two days. In October, 1884, the names of 
Miss Gi'ace M. Jones, Ella M. Hall and H. L. Tucker appear on the 
roll of teachers, and that of George Osborn as janitor. In January, 
1884, the first record of punishments is made — the ordinarj^ boyish 
freaks justifying such punishments. During this year Mr. Scott was 
elected president and A. W. King was chosen to fill his place as 

In 1884 a steam heater was introduced into the schools at a cost of 
$975. In 1885 the same principal and staff served the schools, the 
pi'incipal receiving $1,000 per annum. In March, 1886, Miss Clara 
Cook was a]jpointed assistant teacher, with the former staff. In 1884 
Henry N. Fox was elected director; in 188.5, Albert W. King reelec- 
ted, and in 1886 George W. Scott reelected, Jolm E. Decker receiving- 
only 47 votes out of 171 polled. The vote on levying special tax was 
107 for, 62 contra. 

Ill April, 1886, the question of building an addition to and improv- 
ing the south side school building was decided atfirniatively, and a loan 
of $3,000 in $500 bonds was authorized. These bonds were sold to 
Church Sturtevant, of Bradford, at par, on his bid of 5^ annual 
interest. In June the contracts were sold, in August a tax lev\' of 
$3,500 for 1886 Avas ordered, and in September the schools opened, 
completed according to contract. 

No enterprise of AVyoming has made more rapid strides in progress 
than its schools. The town lias always been fortunate in electing school 
trustees who ever looked well to the "interests and education of the ris- 
ing popuhition. ;vnd spared no trouljle tojirovideall the facilities for good, 
thriving schools that the demands sliouhl wan-ant. Since the two 
school buildings were erected, Wyoming's |)opiilati()n has doubled, and 
tiie scliools are among- the enterprises wliich have kept pace with tliis 
growth. W. E. Sandham, to whom the school interest owes so much, 
was appointed a member of the state board of education in May, 18J<5. 

V/iurcJteii. — The Methodist Cliurcli of Wyoming was organized at 
tlie house of Gen. Thomas, by Kev. William C. Cummings, in the fall 



of 1836; but the members of this class belonged to Adam Perry's 
class, organized early that year in the Essex settlement. The senior 
members were the ^Tliomas faniilj', Agards, Ilolgates, George Sparr, 
Ann Carney, xVdam Day, Mrs. Ailam Perry and Eliza Essex. Rev. 
Jesse Ileatii, father of the jnoneer mercliant, preached here shortly 
after, followed by Zadoc Hall, and Leander Walker, Newton G. Piorry- 
man, Enos Thomson, Wilson Pitner, A. E. Phelps, John Morey, II. J. 
Humphrey, John Hodgson, Jolm Sinclair, A. Worhiscroft, or Wollis- 
croft,'and otlier preachei's and presiding elders well known on the cir- 
cuit. Tlie first authentic record is that of tlie class of 18-t7, under 
Isaac Tiiomas, witii place of meeting at the Wyoming scliool-house. 
The members were Isaac, Samuel and James Thomas, witli their wives, 
Lydia A., Marcia and Ellen Thomas ; Ellen Greenongh, Polly and 
Mary A. Thurston, James M. Eogers, Harriet Kogers, David Wiffiugs, 
James Lashelle and wife, William G. Welch and wife, Sam Farding, 
Julia A. Welch, Clarinda Bishop, Ezra Wooden, Bethena and Lydia 
Wooden, Thomas and Eliza Essex, Emily Aumick, Lucy T. Dennis, 
John and Frances Bateman, John B. and Eliza Brown. (Thomas Essex 
died in 1853.) Eddy Brown, Maria, Samuel and Joseph Cummings, 
N". E. Doolittle and David Cooper. In 1848 John Sinclair was pre- 
siding elder, A. Wolliscroft preacher and Isaac Thomas class-leader. 
In ISlri services were held in the Smith store. In 1837 Gen. Thomas 
donated 1^ acres for a methodist ])arsonage, the same on Avhich Geoi'ge 
Sparr erected the parsonage in 1838. In 1856 he donated the site for 
nn M. E. Church, which was begun and completed that yeai-. In 1852 
liev. A. E. Phelps was presiding elder, C. Lazenby preacher, W. Thonuis 
assistant and Isaac Thomas class-leader. The class was the same as in 
1847, with the excejition of the Essex family transferred, and the addi- 
tion of Elizabeth Williams, Catherine Johnson and Ann Bearley. In 
1854 a few new names were added, making up a class of twenty-eight 
members. In March, 1858, Betsey Wrigley, Eliza Donaldson, John B. 
Pettit, Dew^itt Hunt and wife, C. W. Brown and wife, Isaac Tidd and 
wife, H. Greenongh, James Greenouo-h and wife, John Knott, James 
Martin and wife, Edmund Wrigley, Joseph Balsley and wife, David 
Maine and wife, Joseph ]\Iilor and wife, and others, were admitted. 

In December, 1858, Elder Morey, Kev. W. G. Smith preacher, J. 
J. Fleharty, assistant preacher, were present at conference. W. Wal- 
dron, J. Stedham and J. Bateman were stewards, William Hall was 
recording steward. iVt this time the societies at Rogers' Grove, Pleas- 
ant Ridge, AV^alls, Seeley's Point, Osceola, Center School-House, Mound, 
Elmira and Bradford belonged to this Peoria conference. In Feb- 
ruary, 1859, the same elders and preachers, with W. II. Jones, L. D., 
E. B. Rogers and J. T. Conner, exhorters; A. Whitman, W. Hall, J. 
Bateman, J. Stedham, W. Fuller, W. Waklron, stewards; W. G. Reed, 
J. J. Garman, Isaac Thomas and T. M. Clark, leaders, and Thomas 
iiiinister, Sunday-school superintendent, were present. E. B. Rogers, 
T. A. Whitman, J. B. Brown, W. G. Reed, James and Isaac Thomas, 
William Hall, W. Fuller and AVesley King w^ere appointed trustees for 
five years. At this time E. B. Rogers was licensed to preach. In 
June, 1859, the names of P. Sturms, L.L. D., James Wood and John 


Dra-n^j'er exhorters, J. Seeley steward, ?^at. Eichards and James 
Tanquary leaders, Thomas Heywood, Sunday-school superintendent, 
appear among other members of the conference. In August, 1S59, the 
names of James Miller exhorter, Elijah Ferris and John Farmer lead- 
ers and Stephen Hill, Sunday school superintendent, appear, with 
others above-named, at the conference then held. At this meeting tlie 
committee from the Elmii-a society I'eported their church at that jjoint, 
built after the style of tlie Osceola church, almost completed. 

In Oct'iber, 1S59, liev. J. J. Gue succeeded Mr. Flehai'ty as assist- 
ant to Eev. J. "W. J. Smith, Elder Morey still presided and the per- 
sonel of the conference remained generally the same. On January 1, 
1860, the report of membership credits the following numbers to each 
societj' : "Wyoming, 60, quota of funds, $231 ; Roger's Grove, 4 miles 
southeast, 32, quota, $75 ; Seeley's Point, 33, quota, $85 ; Pleasant 
Eidge, 24, quota, $45 ; Centre, 13,'quota,, $40 ; Bradford, 7, quota, $25 ; 
Osceola, 20, quota, 125 ; Elmira. 45, $135 or a total membership in 
circuit of 243 and total contribution of $760. The conference of Jan- 
uary, 1860. was constituted as in August, 1S59. In July, 1860, this 
part of the district was known as Wyoming Circuit of Toulon district. 
Central Illinois Conference. H. C. Greenough's name appears as ex- 
horter with Revs. Morey, Smith, Gue and Ferris. In Sunday-school 
matters there were 111 officers and teachers, 9 bible classes, 405 schol- 
ars, 1,131 volumes, and 72 scholars in infant classes. In October, 1860, 
John Chandler was presiding elder, Jacob Matthews, preacher in 
charge, J. G. Lamper, local preacher, S. Hill, Chas. Brace, Jas. L. 
Ferris and Jas. W. Woods exhorters. In 1S61 the preachers of the 
circuit were the same as in October, 1860. In July, 1861. J. B. Brown, 
AVesley King, John Bateman, Artemus Wliitman, J. B. Kent, Wm. 
Hall, W. M. Fuller, Isi-ael Seeley and Daniel Drawyer were elected 

In May, 1862, William Hall gave place to Isaac Thomas as clerk of 
the conference. Rev. Hamilton was appointed assistant to Rev. 
Matthews on the circuit and the same stewards were reelected. In 
Novemljer, 1862, Rev. W. J. Stubbles was preacher in charge, with J. 
W. Woods exhorter. At this time the purchase of a parsonage at El- 
mira was placed in the hands of the preacher, W. M. Fuller. S. Hill, 
L. Bailey, and J. M. Clark. This house was sold in 1865. In April, 
1863, resolutions on the death of Wm. Hall, an early fi'iend of Metho- 
dism, were placed on record. In July Lewis Bailey was junior 
preacher. In October, 1863, Rev. Adam" Ilepperly came as preacher 
in charge. Here he showed some signs of insanity, wliich grew at 
other stations and led him ultimately to the asylum. W. M. Fuller 
was clerk of conference, John Chandler being still presiding elder. In 
July, 1864, Isaac Thomas was reappointed clerk. In October, 1864, 
Eld'er Sammons presided. In April, 1865, the trustees of the church at 
Pleasant Ridge paid out on their church building $13.22, John Chiids 
being treasurer. Among the trustees elected in 1865 were Isaac Tiiomas, 
Geo. Strong. Siiepherd Westfall, Walter Fuller, Geo. Shaw, Daniel 
Drawyer, and A. Whitman. In January, 1866 W. Shafer was preacher 
in charge. A. H. Hepperly and J. W. Agard were also here as superan- 


nuates. ICissions known as Holmes, Ebeys and Franklin belonged to this 
circuit about this time. In 1867 Eev. J. Cavett was preacher. Eev. D. M. 
Hill came the same year, the same who gave the blessing at old settlers 
meeting in 188G at Toulon. In October, 1S67, J. W. Agard, Wesley King 
and I. Thoniiis were chosen trustees, the latter Ijeing then clerk. 
Revs. E. Roof and Estees preached here then. In 1868 Wm. Under- 
wood was presiding elder, and Rev. Torry, L. P. In 1869 Rev. A. B. 
Morgan took charge of the circuit. In 1870 Pleasant Green was de- 
tached, and in November of this year, M. P. Armstrong was preacher 
in charge. In 1871 came Rev. Carpenter, and in 1872, J. W. Agard 
was in charge of the circuit. In 1873 Elder C. Springer ])resided with 
"Wm. Woolej', preacher in charge, Isaac Thomas being still clerk. In 
November, 1873, Rev. Stouffer took charge. In 1874 E. C. Wayman 
came. In 1876 M. E. Real, R. S., signs the records after Isaac 
Thomas. In November the name of W. H. Hunter appears as presid- 
ing elder and L. Janes as pastor, and B. H. Ober, now of Galva, secre- 
tary. In 1877, J. J. Fleharty was pastor, and early in 1878 Isaac 
Thomas was reappointed clerk. The following year, 1879, T. L. Falk- 
ner was pastor, and in 18S1 came Rev. L. F. CuUom. During these years 
of progress I. M. Rogers, W. King, I. Thomas, Hall, Mallor, Edwards 
and others were stewards, and H. I. Brown, presiding elder. Presiding 
Elder Forsythe and Rev. Seadore are named in November, 1881, with 
Ezra and Wesley King, E. J. Edwards, I. Thomas, Wm. Holgiite, 
Benj. Bunnell, Chas. Sargent and B. G. Hall, trustees. In December, 
1882, Rev. A. L. Morse became pastor. In 1883 Elder M. V. B. 
White presided with Rev. R. B. Seaman, pastor. Mr. Seaman was 
succeeded in 1884 ijy Rev. A. R. Jones, and he in November, 1885, by 
Rev. D. G. Stouffer the present pastor. The trustees are AVesley 
King, E. J. Edwards, J. M. Rogers, Isaac Thomas, Jacob Smith, 
Thomas Beall, E. J. King and Benj. Bunnell. Messrs. Edwards, 
Thomas and Smith of the trustees are now stewards with Madames 
Colburn, Smith and Patterson. In January, 1882, the Methodist 
Episcopal Society bought the Drinnin lot on North Main street, and 
erected the new church thereon that year. The old building was sold 
to C. S. Payne in May, 1882. 

St. Luke's Protestant Episco])al church may be said to have been 
founded here in 1848 by Rev. Richai'd Radley at the house of Henry 
Butler. Mr. Radley held monthly services here until March 1851, 
when he moved to New York, his position iiere being taken by Rev. 
Philander Chase, who held services in the school house. On Sejitember 
ii, 1855, the society was organized with the following named members : 
Henry A. Hoist, Henry Butler, Charles S. Payne, L. S. Milliken, T. B. 
Whiffeu and W. B. McDonald. On October IS the parish was admitted 
into the diocese. The wardens were Henry Butler and Henry A. 
Hoist, in 1855; with Charles S. Payne, Thomas B. Whiffen and A. B. 
Butler, vestrymen. . Of those, A. B. Butler, now of New York Post for 
about twelve 3^ears, and Charles S. Payne are living. In December, 1856, 
Peter Pettit offered to do the carpenter work on the church and school- 
house for $385. Dr. McMillen was elected vestryman, vice C. S.Payne, 
resigned. In July 1857, H. A. Hoist and Henry Butler were ward"ens, 


and J. H. lioplcins and R. Trasker elected vestrymen. In July 1857. J. 
Hopkins, A. ii. Bntler and II. A. Hoist were ap]iointed a Ijiiilding com- 
mittee. Up to this time services were held in the old brick schoolhonse, 
but changed to the old Methodist church (then new) on invitation. 
Their own church, begun in May 1857, was dedicated in February 28, 
1858, at a total cost of !&1,020, of which Chicago contributed §271 and 
eastern people $172 A. B. Butler hauled the first load of building 

Among the families belonging to this church in August, 1877, were 
Dr. J. G. Greene,L. D. Ellsworth, Mrs. E. McLaughlin Brimfield; Ann E. 
King, Miss M. A. Allen, A. Eoot, of Blue Ridge; H. Byatt, AVilliam 
Thomas, Lucv Butler, Belle Kearns, Jerrems family in Nebraska; O. 
H. Stone, California ; W. J. Bond, Mrs. Amelia Hall, Bradford ; Di\ 
W. Cook, Edward Cook, the Ilochsti'assers, Harrison Coopei', Brad- 
ford ; the Chase family, Ileber Cliase, Wada Petra; C. H. Yoorhees, 
Princeville ; Charles Meyers, of Toulon, now of Califoi'nia ; Mrs. Keflfer, 
Toulon ; G. Porter, Wada Petra ; the Malone family, of Penn town- 
ship (withdrawn) ; George White, of Toulon ; Mr. F. Renneck, of 
Toulon ; Richard Parker, of Stark ; Charles Wright, Toulon ; T. B. 
Wall, Modena; John Hardy, E. H. Layniiller, C. S. Payne, W.Scott, 

Prentiss, of Wyoming district; Lyons and Simples, of Toulon; 

Robert Hunter, Osceola; Robinsons, Heberlings and Hamilton Hock- 
strasser. The families named above formed fifty-seven members of this 
church in 1877. 

There is no record of the church from 1858 to March, 18C)9. In 
this year the Drummond house was leased at $215 per annum, for rec- 
tor's" house, and in October, 1809, Rev. T. N. Benedict was called, 
Messrs. Hoist, Greene, W. H. Butler, C. S. Payne and D. C. Kellogg, 
forming the board. 

Rev. F. H. Potts remained until Dr. Lloyd, now in Iowa, came and 
he was succeeded by Rev. T. H. Eddy, who, after three years service 
moved to Keokuk, Iowa. Rev. George Moore, who came early in 1883, 
left in 1881 and there were no services held until August, 1886, when 
Rev. John Hoist, a son of Henry A. Hoist, was appointed rector. Among 
the members of this society m later days were Dr. Cook, Dr. Castle, 
Charles D. Castle, W. J. Bond, here ; " Henry Butler, deceased ; O. 
H. Stone, now in California; L. D. Ellsworth, in Nebraska; Dr. J. G. 
Greene, deceased ; John Wrigley, Mrs. William F. Thomas, 7u'e Mary 
Butler, Mrs. Amelia Bond, Mrs. Layniiller, Mrs. Hochstrasser, Mrs. 
Charles S. Payne, Henry A. Hoist, deceased. 

In September, lS71,'the board accepted Dr. Castle's pro])osition to 
donate a lot opposite the residence of O. II. Stone; althougli William 
Thomas offered two lots and $1,000, provided the church would be 
moved to the present location of the Congregational church. In 1872 
the building was removed to its present site. 

The Catholic Church of Wyoming, the building of which was begun 
in October, 188(i, on grounds donated by Dr. Castle, was dedicated by 
Bishop Spalding, July 27, 1881. The subscri])tion of the Protestant 
element of Wyoming very near equaled that given by the members. 
The building was erected' by James Murray for the committee, which 


comprised John Seibold, Michael Colgan and John Colgan. It is 
32x64: feet, 26 feet to ceiling, and seats 350 persons. Its cost was over 
S3,000. Father Moynilian began the work and comi)leted it. The old 
members of the Catholic Church are named as follows: Michael, John, 
Edward and Thomas Colgan, of Penn, Valley and Essex townships; 
Edward Weston and Michael Ryan, of Valley ; John Siebold, of 
Wj^oming ; James Colgan, of VaUey ; Andrew Cain, Toulon ; Patrick 
Cain, Essex ; Wm. Marlatt, Dominick Harty, Penn ; Peter Paidi, 
Toulon ; Edward Garmaii (deceased), Valle\' ; John Moloney, Essex ; 
the Frails, and a few others, who belong- to the older Church at Camp 
Grove, or at Toulon. The Catholics of this district were visited by 
missionary priests from Lacon and Peoria prior to the building of the 
church, who held services in various homes. Since ISSl the church 
has been attended by Fathers Moynihan, CuUen and Rev. Delbarre, 
now stationed at Bradford. The congregation at present exceeds in 
number 200. 

The Baptist Church of Christ, of Wyoming, may be said to have 
been organized in August 1867, when Elder Dodge, of Toulon, ]ire- 
sided here with A. J. Wright, of Saxon, clerk, and J. M. Stickney, 
reader of the articles of covenant. A number of ministers were pres- 
ent, among tliem J. W. Agard. The original members were James M. 
Stickney. Ephraim M. Ilolton, Eliza M. llolton, Margaret A. Conover, 
Sai'ali Wilson, Francis Walker, Mary Butler, Louisa S. Hearse, Jose- 
phine A. Ilolton, Martha E. Wilson, Rachel Long, Adelaide Cole, Lucy 
Timmons and Racliel Davis. Of the above only Mrs. Cole and Mrs. 
Wilson now belong to the church here. The present mendjership is 
42. The whole number received since 1S67 was 176. Marshall Winn, 
the present clerk, lieame a member in 1869. Elder Dodge was chap- 
lain of the Ellsworth Zouaves, and commanded after the death of 
Colonel Ellsworth. The present clerk also served in two or more 
Union commands. The jiastors since his time are named as follows: 
J. M. Stickney, Samuel BrindiaU, Thomas Reese, George C. Van 
Osdell, Adison B. Tondinson, William Sturm and A. C. Edwards. The 
clerks were Ephriam Ilolton, Wm. S. Wilson, Marshall Winn, Edward 
Giudett, Charles R. Wilson and J. B. Hammatt. 

The Congregational Chm-ch of Christ, of Wyoming, was organized 
April 3, 1873, with fourteen members. First services were conducted 
by Rev. A. A. Stevens, of Peoria, the following Sunday. Rev. W. 
AValters served this church from 1873 to August 23, 1883, when he 
resigned to take charge of the church at Lacon. He is now at Has- 
tings, jS'eb. Rev. John Mitchell succeeded Rev. W. Walters, March 9, 
188-t. On February 18, 1873, a meeting was called to consider the 
question of founding a Congregational society here. This n\eeting was 
held at Dr. Copestake's house,'john Hawks presiding, with J. F. Rock- 
hold, secretary. The question was decided affirmatively, and on April 
3, the following named meml)ers signed ai'ticles of association : John 
Rockhold, Prudence Rockhold, John C. Copestake, Sarah C. Co]3estake, 
John Hawks, Augusta Hawks, Henry F. Turner, Charlotte Turner, 
James Buckley, Susannah Bucklej', Ann Wrigiey, Mary C. Scott, 
William Walters, Marv Ann Walters. The organization was received 


into the general body of the church, August 27, 1873, when the first 
council was held. The next proposition was to erect a house of wor- 
ship. The Congregational Union granted $500 in 1874, and in August 
of that j'ear the following solicitors were apjsointed : J. C. Copestake, 
H. Turner, John "Walters, Mrs. G. "W. Scott, Mrs. T. Stephenson, Mrs. 
A. Lyon, Mrs. Bailie, Mrs. Hawks and Will Hammond. 

The building committee, composed of Eev. Walters, John Hawks, 
and Henry F. Turner, was appointed July 15, 1874. This body re- 
ported in August, 1874, that W. F. Thomas offered one lot on Main 
sti-eet for $100, and donated a similar lot. This report was adopted, 
and the deed of tlie property given to J. C. Copestake, John Wrigley, 
H. F. Turner, Jolm Hawks and George Kerns, trustees. The dedica- 
tion took place May 4, 1875. Up to this time the society worshi])ped 
in the Baptist church, Rev. AVilliam Walters filling the ]iulpit for botii 
congregations. The building stands on a lot donated by W. F. Thomas, 
o])posite the house of John Ellis. John Hawks was the architect, 
Smith & Wolfe were the carpenters, W. H. Gray builder of foundation, 
li. E. Worley, of Toulon, plasterer, Haines & Bruce painters, Payne & 
Tui'ner supplied the seats. The entire cost of the liuilding Avas $3,583 ; 
all paid except $500 at date of dedication. The deacons in 1873 are 
named as follows : J. Hawks, H. F. Turner, Joseph Mellor, J. Buckley, 
Prescott Blood, George Kerns, Mr. Corcler and Mr. AVygant. The 
trustees in 1874-5 were: Dr. Copestake, John Hawks, John Wrigley, 
H. F. Turner and George Kerns. In 1875, the latter was elected ; in 
187(), John Hawks; 1877, E. II. Phelps; 1878, Henry Duckworth and 
Adam Lyons; 187I>, Prescott Blood; 1881, John Hawks and A. W. 
King; 1882, J. W. Walters, J. C. Copestake and George Kerns; 1883, 
Dr. Copestake; 1884, Mrs. John Wrigley ; 1S85, Mrs. George Kerns; 
1886, lioyal H. Miller and John Hawks. The clerks have been: John 
F. Rockhold, 1873; John W. Walters. 1873; James Hmiter, 1874: 
William W. Hammond, 1875; Miss Alice B. Wrigley, 1876; John W. 
Walters, 1877-81 ; Miss Laura M. Jordan, 1882-6 ; Mrs. Addie Colwell, 
1886. John W. Walter has been the financial secretarj^ since 1884, 
the first time tlie office was founded. The treasurers have been : J. C. 
Copestake, J. Hawks, Mrs. C. B. Hammond and James Buckley, the 
present treasurer. 

The Sunday-School is contemporary with the church. John Hawks 
was first superintendent, succeeded by E. H. Smith some six years ago, 
and he by Koyal H. Miller. 

The first baptisms Avere : Francis NeAvlan, Laura M. EdAvards, Will 
Hammond, 1874. Since 1876 the rite of baptism has l)een solemnized 
in 46 cases. The total number of admissions to meml)ershi]), since 
1873, is 196. The present membership is 106. Of the original mem- 
bers there are now connected Avith the church 6. Mrs. Buckley is 
dead and the others removed. 

The United Brethren Society, which may be said to have existed here 
from 1872 to 1882, claimed no' less than 54 members in 1875, among 
Avhom Avhere : Samuel and Lorina Farden, Samuel Bishop, Malinda 
O'Vanda, Mary (now Mrs. White; and Martha (noAv Mrs. Winfield) 
Beaver, Samuel and Lucretia Redding, Gasper Bogard, and Rebecca 


Bogard, Jesse and Cynthia Keddiiig, Lillie (now Mrs. Polly) and Olive 
Redding, Henry Curfnian and Avife, Edwin Baldwin and wife. Eev. 
J. S. Smith attended hei'c for the last time October 28, 1882, Init a 
traveling preacher held services here afterward on one occasion. Tiie 
United Brethren church bnilding is now the residence of Thomas 
Dngdale; sold in 1884 to John Francis. It used to stand south of the 
nortli side schoolhouse, and was used as a sclioolhouse up to 1875. 

Secret, Benevolent and Literary Societies. — Wyoming Lodge, 479, 
A. F. & A. M., was organized February 28, 1886, and chartei'ed 
October 3, the same year, with J. W. Agard, W. M.; George W. Scott, 
S. W.; Henry M. Rogers, J. W.; John Wrigley, treasurer; H. A. 
Hoist, secretary ; S. K. Conover, S. D.; T. W. Bloomer, J. D.; and J. 
H. Cox, T. These, with Simon Cox and Isaac Thomas were the 
original members. Mr. Agard Avas master from this time to 1872, 
wiien he was succeeded by T. W. Bloomer, who served until 1881, wlien 
A. W. King was elected. In 1883, James M. Rogei's was elected 
master, and in 1884, T. W. Bloomer was reelected. He represented 
Wyoming at the meeting of the Grand Lodge in 1886, at Chicago. 
The secretaries were: 1867, Henry A. Hoist; 1868, W. H. Butler; 
1860, Isaac Thomas; 1871, 11. A. Hoist; 1873, E. H. Phelps; 1874, C. 
Collier; 1876, W. H. Butler; 1877, E. H Phelps; 1878, C. F. Hamil- 
ton; 1879, J.C. Bloomer; 1880-5, C. F. Hamilton ; 1885, P. K. Cross; 
1886, S. K. Conover. 

The members of the Blue Lodge on roster in 1886, are Thomas W. 
Bloomer, J. C. Bloomer, T. J. Bocock, S. K. Conover, J. H. Co.x, Simon 
Cox, J. C. Copestake, Foster Coulson, J. M. Cox, Myron Cox, Charles 
Childs, P. K. Cross. H. Duckworth, W. T. Ditman, F. E. Davis, Frank 
Davis, C. S.; William and George Eagelston, H. N. Fox, G. M. Fuller, 
Orange Fuller. William Holgate, Dv. James Holgate, jr., C. F. 
Hamilton, Charles Ilampson, Richard Hight, A. G. Hammond, 
H. A. Hammond, .lames (i. Hunter, J. B. Ilammatt, L. M. 
Graves, John Jordan, W. \l. .Jordon, Albert W. King, J. M. Menden- 
hall, M. F. Meeker, C. McCorkle, George Moore, B. A. Newton, S. F. 
Otman, J. M. Rogers, J. T. Rogers, J. B. Robinson, G. W. Scott, Perry 
H. Smith, A. Snidiker. Winfield Scott, E. O. Swift. F. A. Sweetiand, 
I. Thomas, Frank Thomas, John Wrigley, Samuel Wrigley, E. C. Way- 
man, J. K. AVeller, J. E. Woods, V. A. Welton, and Geo.' W. Nicholas. 

Tiie first hall was over Hoist's drug store, the next in the Thomas 
Imilding. the tliird over the "Boston Store," the fourth in the " Agard,'' 
or " Masonic Hall," and the present over Hammond & Walters' store, 
dedicated January 3, 1882. 

Wyoming Chapter Royal Arch Masons, No. 133, had an organ- 
ization in 1866, but no charter up to October 9, 1868. The ofhcers in 
1866 were: J. W. Agard, H. P.; G. W\ Scott, E. S.; J. M, Rogers, 
P. S.; Alvin Abbott, M. 1 \ .; S. A. Davis, M. 2 Y .; C. Kerr, M. 3 V.; 
Wilham Lowman, E. K.; Charles Weston, C. IL; M. S. Curtiss, R. A. C; 
Henry M. Rogers. J. H. Box, William Eagelston, John Ellis, Samuel 
Wrigley, and T. W. Bloomer were charter members. J. W. Agard 
served as H. P. up to 1875. T. W. Bloomer served from 1875 to 1886. 
John Wrigley served as secretary to 1870, and as treasurer from 1870 


to present. J. C. Copestake, secretarv in 1870; Henry A. Hoist, 1871 
to 1874; C. Collier, 1874; S. Miner, 1875 to 1880 ; A. W. King-, 1880 
to 188(5; and S. K. Conover, 1886. Other members not noted in Blue 
Lodge are: S. G. Hatch, ^Y. F. Speer, W. Peterson, H.J. Cosgrove, E. 
H. Deys, George D. Eagelston, ^Y. P. Dator, A. Y. Fuller, J. A. Klock, 
D. G. llurd, J. W. Morrison, Eev. George Moore, .1. K. Hall. William 
Lownian, Charles Sargent, James Montooth, W. J. Washliurn, lliram 
Phenix, Harlan Hopkins, William M. Pilgrim, and W. Williams. 

Wj'oming Family, Eastern Star, No. 131, was organized May 29, 
1862, with J. W. Agard, Martha Agard, George W. Scott, Mary C. 
Scott, H. A. Hoist, S. K. Conover, Margaret Conover, John Wrigley, 
Ann Wrigley, James M. Rogers, Harriet Eogers and Eebecca Butler 
meml)ers. This organization continued in work nine years. 

Wyoming Chapter, No. 52, Eastern Star, was organized out of 
Wyoming Family February 18, 1871, and must be considered a con- 
tinuation of the old lodge under a new name. The officers for 1886 are : 
Mrs. C. P. McCorkle, W. M.; A. W. King, W. P.; Mrs. Dr. Sweetland, 
A. M.; Mrs. A. W. King, C; Mrs. A. Thomas, A. C; Miss Fanny 
Eockfellow, Secretary ; Miss Laura Jordan, Treasurer. 

Wyoming Lodge No. 211, I. O. O. F., was organized October 15, 
1857, with tlie following charter members: Henry A. Flolst, W. B. 
Armstrong, John Hawks, C. W. Brown, U. M. Whiffen and Isaac N. 
Tidd. In October, 18C3, they surrendered their charter, but the lodge 
was reinstated by the following named members : Henry A. Hoist, 
Thomas W. Bloomer, John Hawks, Charles S. Payne, John C. Wright 
and C. W. Brown, Feliruary 6, 1871. The list of members of Wyoming 
L O. O. F. Lodge in 1886 is as follows: G.W.Scott, W. A.' Boyer, 
James E. Eogers, Hiram Weller, W. W. Jarman, Jesse L. Moffitt, Denis 
Guja-e, James Buckley, W. Lyons, Henry Newton, T. C. Dunlap, D. M. 
Crone, C. A. and E. T. Traphagan, J. Kernaghan, D. C. Greene, S. E. 
Graves, G. E. Bonnell, M. II. Teets, E. D. II. Couch, W. H. Jordan, 
W. A. Truax, F. C. Wilson, D. M. Stancliff, M. T. Eoutzahn, O. F. 
Jacobs, Joseph W. Conger, John Scott, Charles II. Moore, N. B. ]\Iorse, 
M. D., W. II. Proctor, G. S. Eakestraw, W. J. Legg, A. AY. Ilotchkiss, 
A. Simmons and C. F. Hamilton. 

The P. G's. are: 1858, W. B. Armstrong; '68, John Hawks; '59, 
Henry A. Hoist; '59, C. W. Brown; '60, J. M. Brown; '60, J. B. 
Thomas; '61, John C.Wright; '71, IL A. Hoist, John Hawks; '72, 
Peter Lane, C. F. Ilamihon : '75, John D. D. Philips, J. D. D. Philips; 
'74, F. M. Earhart, Charles S. Payne; '75, C. Collier. IL F. Turner; '76, 
C. F. Hamilton, II. J. Cosgrove ;"' '77, E. Clark, J. L. Moffitt ; '78, Wm. 
Lyon, Wm. Lyon ; 79, W. II. Grey, C. F. Hamilton ; '80, T. B. Wall, 
T" B. Wall; '81, J. G. Eobertson; '82, S. M. Stanchff ; 'S3, J. S.Wins- 
ley, H. C. Aldrich ; '84, E. S. Teeter, J. N. Conger; '85, J. N. 
Conger, J. N. Conger; '86, L. A. Trimmer. C. F. Hamilton, now 
of Bradford, served as secretaey from 1878 to 1884, when J. N. Conger 
was elected. In 1886 the annual office term was adopted. In January, 
1882, the Lodge at Wyoming held their lirst meeting in the new hall 
over the Pod lie raid. 

Wyoming Encampment, No. 174, was instituted March 24, 1876, by 


P. C. P. N. C. Xason. with tlie members J. M. Brown, C. F. Hamilton, 
J. il. Cox, T. B. ^^all. D. S. Hewitt, H. J. Cosgrove. J. D. Woods, I. 
P. Carpenter. J. L. Motiitt, Dennis Gnyre and John Hawks. Tiiis 
has been transfei-red to tialva. C. F. Hamilton, of Wyoming Lodge, 
I. O. O. F.. iias been Deputy to the Grand Lodge since 1874. He was 
the first Patriarch of the Encanijinient and Deputy of the Grand 
Encampment one term ])receding Capt. Brown in that office, who has 
since been representative. 

De Wolf Post, Xo. 371, W3'oming, dates back to 1867-8, when 
Colonel Ford, State Adjutant of'the G. A. P., met Dr. J. C. Copestake 
at Lacou, and again at Toulon, mustering him in to the Grand Army 
of the Republic at the latter town, with power to organize posts 
throughout the county. On his return he brought the subject before 
some military men at a meeting in the old Boston Hall, who signed 
articles of association and were mustered. Dr. Copestake was elected 
Hrst commander, succeeded by Capt. 8. F. Otman, and he by Lieut. S. 
K. Conover, who comnuinded when the old Post disl»anded, in 1S6S or 
1809. During its existence no less than thirty meudjers were received, 
among whom were : William Holgate, Sylvester F. Otman, S. Iv. C'on- 
over, Henry Otman, J. C. Copestake. Marshall Winn, George Murna, 
John Oldacker, Barton Fox, Ancel H. Woodcock, Wallace W. Enuin- 
uel, Xelson Bell. John Pettit, Eichard Frazier and Pufus Woodcock, a 
soldier of 1812. This old Post rendered material services to those 
widows, orjihans or soldiers whom the pension office could not reach 
at that time. Henry Otnum, a member, was buried with military 
honors, a Post was organizetl at Toulon and one at Elmira through its 
example, and much good accomplished; but the introduction of poli- 
tics killed this Post, as it did formerly other beneficial associations 

In Xovember, 1883, an efi'ort was made to organize a Post under 
the new laws of the G. A. R. A chai-ter was applied for and granted 
Xovember 2'!. This effort succeeded, and on December 6, 1883, An- 
drew Galbraith, of Post 327, Toulon, assisted by brothers from Elm- 
wood and Brimfield, mustered in nineteen members into Post 371, with 
Harvev Forman, C. ; John Hawks, S. Y. C. ; Jacob Graves, J. Y. C. ; 
C. J. Collmrn. S. ; Peter Lane, Q. M. ; H. X. Hochstrasser, O. of D. ; 
Thomas Xicholas, Chaplain; David Kerns. O. of G. ; C. F. Hamilton, 
Adjutant; il. M. Sparr, Sergeant Major; AVilliam Sewards, Q. M. S. 
The officers were then installed b^^ Dejjt. Com. Samuel A. Harper. At 
a subsequent meeting the names of Lieut. W. Denchfiekl and Captain 
DeWolf were proposed to select a name from, for the Post ; and on a 
vote the latter name was carried, the authority being his record as 
given in the military chapter and in the biography of Toulon town- 
shi]>. In 1884 C. F. Hamilton was elected Commander; A. Simmons, 
Q. M. ; D. D. Kellogg, (). of G. ; and ^Marshall Winn, Adjutant. In 
1885, J. V. Copestake was chosen Conunander ; Marshall Winn, Adju- 
tant ; C. F. Hamilton and C. G. Colburn, S. Y. and J. Y. respectiveh' ; 
A. M. Pierce, Surgeon; H. H. Hochstrasser, O. of D. ; A. Timmons, 
Q. M. ; John Hawks, Chaplain ; Ancel H. Hanchett, O. of G. ; Leroy 
Mash, S. M. ; and John Jordan, Q. M. S. In 1886, Marshall Winn Avas 


elected Commander ; A. B. Armstrong and C. G. Colburn, S. V. C. and 
J. V. C. ; J. C. Copestake, Surgeon ; Leroy Mash, O. of D. ; J. Hawks, 
C. ; John Jordan, Q. M. ; Thomas Dugdale, 0. of G ; H. II. Hoch- 
strasser, Adj. ; E. J. Kellogg, S. M. ; and M. M. Sparr, Q. M. S. 

The names of the members who signed application for charter are 
as follows: S. F. Otnian, Ananias Timmons, C. G. Colbuni, David 
Kerns, Peter Lane, Joseph Peve, John G. White, Charles P. McGorkle, 
William Dixon, Allen M. Pierce, Harvey Foreman, John C. Copestake, 
John Jordan, Ancel H. Hanchett, John Hawks, Matthew M. Sparr, 
Frankhu Pratt, Dennis D. Kellogg, Thomas Dugdale, William Sew- 
Sewards, Thomas Nicholas, Harmon H. Hochstrasser, Alfred B. Arm- 
strong, Charles F. Hamilton, Jacob Graves, William E. Thomas, Will- 
iam Ilolgate and James Ditnuin. Commander Marsluill Winn, to 
whom the writer is indebted for the above names, dates and incidents, 
saj's: "As we close our chapter on DeWolf Post we realize the fact 
that she is now in the ver}^ zenith of her strength, and that these gray 
haired veterans are nearing the sunset of life's journey, and one by 
ones will, in obedience to orders from their Supreme Commander, cross 
over the river, and pitch their tents in the silent camping ground of 
our heroic dead." 

The Fourth of 1863 was one one of the gala days in the history of 
Wyoming. Capt. H. Butler presided, with Capt. W. B. Armstrong 
marshal. The assistant marshals were : A. G. Hammond, J. G. Mc- 
Graw, W. F. Thomas, J. M. Roger and Henry Otman. The executive 
committee comprised Isaac Thomas, Dr. A. M. Pierce, G. M. Fox and 
H. A. Hoist and Dr. J. G. Greene. The ladies raised $150 for the re- 
lief of soldiers on that day. The following named soldiers were at 
rest in Wyoming cemetei-y in May, 1879 : Capt. David DeWolf, Lieut. 
William H. Denchfield, Lemuel Dixon, Foi'ty-seventh Illinois Infantry ; 
Samuel Dixon, Fifty-first Illinois Infantry' ; Henry J. Otman, William 
Wilkinson, One-hundred-aud-twelfth Illinois Infantry ; Harry Price, 
Peoria Battery ; Joseph Diggle, Eighth Missouri Infantry ; John 
Bi-andon, war of 1812 and of the Black Hawk war. The pensioners 
residing in Wyoming in 1883 were : Belinda Bessett, Hannah Dixon, 
Mary A. Cole, Annie Curfman, Charles P. McCorkle, Morris C. Lamp- 
son, Dennis Kellogg, John G. White, George Newton, John Harvey 
and Eliza Brown, §8 each ; Michael Alderman, Carey Colburn, Asabeil 
Wilmot, $4 each; William Ilolgate, $2; Thomas C. Dunlap, $6; Alvah 
Sturtevant, $5 ; and John Hawks, $21 per month. 

Miscellaneous Societies. — In March, 1862, the Wyoming Sons of 
Temperance organized, succeeding the old temperance association, and 
preceding a few others organized between 1866 and 1880. 

The Wyoming Temperance LTniou was organized in JMarch, 1882, 
with A. G! Hammond, P.; Mrs. W. Sturgeon, V. P.; A. F. Stickney, 
secretary and statistician, and Isaac Thomas, treasurer. 

The Wyoming Band of Hope (temperance) claimed for its execu- 
tive Ijoard in 1882 the following members: W. II. Barrett, A. F. 
Stickney, Mrs. Mary Sturgeon, W. H. Barrett, J. Hawks, ]\[rs. E. H. 
Smith, J. C. Copestake, Mrs. Martha Colby, Mrs. Jacob Smith and 
Mrs. S. E. Sedore. 


The I. O. G. T. Lodge of 'Wyommg, was organized April 9, 1885. 
The ofBcers in order of senority elected were : W. 11. Barrett, J. N. 
Conger, Grace Jones, Isaac Thomas, H. A. Hammond, Algina Har- 
wood, C. R. Wilson, Mrs. E. C. Breese, P. K. Cross, Mrs. H. A. Ham- 
mond, Mrs. Nellie Clark, Marsh Winn, Isaac Thomas, Mrs. P. K. Cross, 
Blanche Wolf, Mrs. M. Fox, A. G. Hammond and Ilobert Jordan. 

The organization of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union 
here is noted in the general iiistorv. In October, 1886, Mrs. Castle 
and Mrs. McClyment represented this society in State Convention at 

Tlie AVyoming Deflating Society was organized in November, 1878, 
withAV. R. Sandiiam, president; II. A. Hammond, vice ])resident; J. 
W. AValters, secretary, and A. W. King, treasurer. Among the mem- 
bers who took part in the first debate, November 25, 1878, were J. E. 
Decker, W. AVdson, C. II. AVilson, G. W. Scott, A. N. Walters, W. 
H. Pettet, J. E. King, J. Woods, S. Stark and J. C. Copestake. 

The W\'oming Band was organized in 1879, with J. H. Bray, 

The Art Loan exposition held at Wyoming in February, 1880, was 
a great success. 

The great shooting tournament, under the auspices of the AVyoming 
Clul), took place June 18. 1880. J. C. Lyons won the gold medal. 

TheAVyoming lecture clulj was organized in Octol>er, 1881, with 
J. C. Decker, A. F. Sticknev, E. II. Phelps, A. F. Bloomer, T. B. AVall, 
J. E. Decker, B. G. Hall, C. P. McCorkle, and A. AV. King, original 

On April 8, 1883, an auxiliary AVomen's Foreign Alissionary soci- 
ety was organized at AVyoming with the following named members : 
AA^. Adams,'L Thomas, Anna Sharp, Sarah Wall, P. O. Hall. M. Pierce, 
M. A. Colburn, lAI. A. AYard, Robinson, E. O". Swift, I. Smith, Robert- 
son, Drummond, E. M. Edwartls, A. L. Morse, R. Aliller, Alice Millei", 
E.King, W. King; Misses Alva King, Kittie Thomas, J. Connvcr, 
Grace Jones, 0. Harwood, A. L. Morse and B. G. Hall. 

AVyoming camp-meeting association is modern in organization but 
old in practice. In 1840 the first meeting was held, almost on the ])res- 
ent camp grounds, with N. G. Berryman, Enos Thomson, and AVilson 
Pitner, leaders. Two years later a similar meeting was held near La- 
fayette, and during Mi*. Morey's time as presiding eider, a thiril meet- 
ing was held there. Every yea.i' since Mr. Morey's time a camp meet- 
ing or local revival meeting lias been hekl successfully ; but in later 
years the camp> at AA^yoming has robbed the ordinary church revival of 
so much romance and religion, that it became a permanent nstitution. 
James M. Rogers, B. G. II;ill and E. J. Edwards, a committee on 
building for the Wyoming camp meeting association in 1883, ordered 
the old Ijoarding-house to be removed and a new building erected. 
No tobacco is sold uj^on the gi'ound. Swearing is discouraged. The 
crowd is composed of the average sort of church-going people, inter- 
spersed with a company of pleasure seekers of more worklly stripe but 
of some social position. Upon these " worldly " folk, who stay- long 
enough for the Methodist brethren to " })lace," every redeeming power 


is brought to bear. A large out-door auditorium is used whenever the 
weather ]ierinits, and tliere are cliapels tor stormy days, rooms for 
boarders, always a good dinner, and permission for all visitors to pitch 
their tents, cook, eat, pray and sleep. The lectures and religious dis- 
courees are practical ap])eals. 

A lodge of Modern Woodmen of America, a new benevolent and 
benefit society, was organizeii July 2l>. 1886, Avith about a score of 
charter members. The foUowing were elected and installed as officers 
for the insuing half-year: E. A. Trimmer, Y. C; A. W. King, W. A.; 
J. E. Decker, E. B.; J. M. Thomas, jr.. Clerk ; W. E. Nixon, Escort ; 
D. S. Burroughs, Sentry ; J. H. Garside, Watchman ; C. D. Castle, A. 
W. Ilotchkiss. and D. S. Burroughs, Managers ; Dr. IT. N". Fox, M. E. 

The circulating library located at E. D. Hewitt's, which opened 
September 25, IS'^ii, is established upon the most conmiendable plan, 
and the reading people of Wyoming are fortunate in securing so large 
a collection of books by standard authors. This library was opened 
with 80 members at §1.50 each membership, and every two new sub- 
scribers or members at the membership price $1.50 will buy three 
books ; that is each subscriljer's membership price buys a book and a 
half. There are now some 120 volumes in the library and all are the 
projierty of the members. 

T/ie Post Office is an old institution at Wyoming. Mrs. Shallen- 
berger states that "in 1S."14 Geaeral Thomas came to Wyoming, bri ag- 
ing with him a large family of sons and daughters and sons-in-law, be- 
sides several other men, among them William Godley who accom- 
panied him in some capacity. AH at once Wyoming began to assume 
im])ortance, and aspired to the post office. The Osceola settlers too, 
faA'ored the change, always choosing to cast their lot with Wyoming. 
Accordingly a petition was gotten up, and William Godley was the 
fortunate appointee of government. Mr. Holgate accompanied Mr. 
Godley to Essex's to receive possession of tlie books and papers, mail 
matter and appurtenances of the office generally, and to convey them 
to Wyoming. He soon noticed indications of a coming storm in the 
countenance and conduct of Mrs. Essex. She was washing when they 
entei-ed, and for a while continued her occupation with a vim that as- 
tonished her visitors, rubbing and scrubljing almost furiously, then she 
deliberately turned from her tub, wiped her arnis and hands, sat 
down, and gave them her opinion of men. who would steal a ])ost 
office, in terms which those gentlemen could never forget. The office 
has been generally Avell filled down to the present lime. On August 
1, 1870, it was created a money order office and in recognition of its 
growing im])ortance a sidewalk was at once built fi'oni Castle's addi- 
tion to this office. For years the late John B. Brown had charge of 
this office. In 1884 C. G. Col burn was appointed master here, but 
was succeeded by J. M. Thomas in 1885, the present courteous and 
abh; incumbent. 

The Wyoming Cemetery Association was formed May 8, 1871, 
when the following named organized under that title: J. AV. Agard, 
S. K. Conover, J. B. Pettit, A. J. Conover, E. S. Conover, Isaac 
Thomas, J. B. Brown, John Hawks and H. A. Hoist. Messrs. Agard 


and Thomas were elected president and clerk respectively, and S. K. 
Conover, A. J. Couover and J. B. Pettit, directors. Tiiey were in fact 
the successors of the old ceraetery trustees — a body in name only, and 
being so. agreed to jjurchase tiic land between the old cemetery and 
First street, S. K. Conover being a committee to negotiate such pur- 
chase with Gen. Thomas, ilessrs. Agard, Pettit and A. ,J. Conover 
were to plat the grounds and Ijuild a fence. The tract was purchased 
for SIOO. and sold at from §1 to $15 pei' lot ; E. S. Conover was first 
su])erintendent. In 1872 J. C. Cojiestake, J. Hawks and S. K. Conover 
were elected directors; in 1S73 A. G. Hammond, G. W. Scott and 
Samuel Pierce were chosen directors, the president and secretary hold- 
ing over; in ISTi E. S. Conover replaced S. Pierce, and C. Collier Avas 
ajipointed collector of an imj)rovement fund. Tiiis Ijoard continued 
until 1877, when the presiilent, secretary with Robert Jordan, ,loiin 
"Wriglev and S. F. Gtman were chosen, and the latter elected presi- 
dent. In 18SU Rev. Wm. Waltei's, John Wrigley, S. F. Ottman, A. G. 
Hammond, F. Thomas and J. C. Copestake formed the board, with Capt. 
Otman, president, and Isaac Tliomas secretarv and treasurer. In 1SS2 
A. G. Hammond was ciiosen president ; in 1883 the same officers 
served and continued in office down to the ])resent time. James 
Bucldey, the first regTdar se.xton. is now tilling that position. Isaac 
Thomas, who for yeai's has been secretary of the association, permit- 
ted J. G. Greene to make the following entr}' in the old school recortl, 
which is also the cemetery record. A])ril 23, 18.58. It is witnessed by 
H. A. Hoist and reguiariy signed l)y Greene: "I hereby agree to 
give Isaac Thomas s,5 a year for al)staining from the use of tobacco 
from this date." The present cemetery at Wyoming may l>e said to 
be opened by the burial of Artemus Lake, brother of Mrs. Barley and 
Mrs. SeweU Smith, next Wm. Godfrey, and next Ann Carney Hodges. 
The land was donated by Gen. Thomas to trustees for pul)lic use on 
condition that it would b(^ fenced and kept in order. 

Wyoming cemetery contains the reniains of many pioneers of tiie 
village and of the district. The list tells what o]<l Father Time lias 
ihme. William C. Thomas, IS-ft!; Xancy (A. McDonald; Crone, '80; 
James Woods, '78; Charles M. Teeter, '83; Jane Ingram, '78; Lizzie 
S. Edwards, 'SU; Anna Frantz, '81; Thomas H. Jackson, '58; Anna 
Dixon, "SG; Sarah Dawson, '07; Charles Brunger, '73; Henry A. 
Hoist, '75; SaUv A. Hoist, '68: Mattie Kerns, '77; Mary A. Dew- 
hurst, '80; Sarah Walters, '72; William Kerns. '73; Elizabeth Brown, 
'81; John B. Brown, '80; Zeuriah Greenwood, '64; Rachel Dixon, '6o ; 
Simon Dixon, "60: Samuel Pierce, "79; Emma Otman, ■64: William 
Denchfield, '57; William II. Denchfield, '65 ; Dan. M. Beers, '40; Ezra 
Wooden, '57; Ilenrv M. Rogers, '78; James Gibson, '00; Betsy E. 
AVrigley, '64; David Roiise, '69; James H. Bloomer, '62; M. W. Mc- 
MuUen^ '54; Polly Thurston, '63; HartweU Thurston, '45; Mary 
Butler, '78; Rebecca Butler, '65; II. Augusta Butler, '65; Capt. H. 
Butler, '64: Lydia S. Whitney, 'S3; Ward B.Dana, "73; Anna Curf- 
man, '81; Hannali B. Cox, 's5; S. Keeling, '84; Mary E. Cox, '81; 
Clara M. Davis, '83; Sol. Wilkinson, '85; Mary A. LelHers, '82; Capt. 
A. E. Ewer, '79 ; George Marlatt, '68 ; Barbara E. Smith, '82 ; B. W. 



Whitcher, '75; Joel Stewart, '06; Uzziel Meacluim, '67; Margaret 
Johnson, '68 ; James II. Wilson, '66 ; Eliza A. McKean, 'GG ; Susanna 
Buckley, 'J<5 ; L. L. lianchett, '65 ; Robert B. Marlatt, '59; Edmund 
Wrigley, '72; Joseph Diggle, '64; Emma E. Pilgrim, '84; Thomas 
Heywood, '68; Samuel E. White, '66; Isabella McCormick, '68 ; John 
Bramlon, '64; Samuel Dixon (One-hundred-and-tifty-first Illinois In- 
fantry), '65; James Hartley, '71; William Wilkinson, '64; Emily 
Nicholas, '65; George Niciiolas, 'f)2; Jf)hn Dixon, '7?); Eosanna 
Dixon, '85; Lydia L. Cooml)s, '60; Thomas B. Whiffler, '80; Lydia 
Webster, '70;' Peter Pettit, '75; Delana B. Pettit, '07; Henry J. 
Otman, '67; J. W. Agard^ '81; William F. Tliomas, '75; Marcia 
Thomas, '65; Ruth Ann Dana, '56; Nancy M. White, '78; E. S. Con- 
over, '77; Sally A. Hochstrasser, '83; Henry Shroh, '84; Robert E. 
AVestfall, '63 ; James A. Ilarwood, '77 ; .C AV. Wright, '75 ; Margaret 
Ditmon, '77; Jane Ingram, '78. 

The C. S. Payne monument, erected b}' tlie ownei", is an elegant 
work of art. Mr. Payne has undoubtedly outwitted death, and gives 
promise of battling with Old Time for years to come. John Brandon, 
a soldier of 1812, and of the Black Hawk war, is buried here, but the 
headstone lies broken. The grounds contain many excellent monu- 
mental pieces. 

In the foregoing list the year of death is given and with few ex- 
ceptions only the aged old residents mentioned. 

Traders. — In May, 1869, F. J. L. sent to the Prairie Chief for 
publication thirty-one quartettes — a long mathematical poem on 
Wyoming. Messrs. Payne, King, Ottman, Kellogg, Bi'own, Winn, 
Hoist, I5oughn, Bunn, Bonner, Dennis, Bloomer, Doctors Green, Fox, 
Copestake and Castle ; Conover at the mills, all lind mention in this 
poem in connection with their business and their enterprising town. 

The removal of the Bond store to Coal village in August, 1878, 
where about fifty men were at work on the big shaft, gave Wyoming 
the appearance of being divided up into tliree distinct parts, the origi- 
nal town, the Castle addition, and Coal village. 

When AV. J. Bond came in 1872 to take charge of the Lathrop Co.'s 
store, there were 100 men working on the shafts, the company then 
furnishing the C, B. & Q. R. E., and local consumption. The works 
were burned April 28, 1880 — the mule used in the mine escaping with 
little injury. Wni. Taylor and Joseph Swanson are said to be the first 
regular miners, John McCarthy was their contemporai-y, also John and 
Anthony Robinson. After the founding of the Latlirop Co.'s works 
the men named continued to su])])ly local trade, Taylor being engaged 
actively up to a few years ago, Swanson still in harness. McCarthy is 
also here, so also are the Robinson's. Thomas Stevenson, who worked 
for the Lathrop (Jo. up to about 1878, now operates his own mine. In 
1882 James Higby opened a bank on Mr. Bond's farm. In Coal Hol- 
low are a number of small operators, while along the C, B. & Q. 
shafts are worked economically. 

The interests of the Lathrop Coal Co. here have ceased — their 
leases having passed into other hands. About 1878-79 the weigh- 
master, Richard Kent, stepped on the cage, which descended rapidly, 


almost causing his death. A few minor accidents mark the progress 
of tlie coal industry'. 

For tlie purpose of making a record of the new buildings erected in 
"Wyoming during the ten years ending in 1SS2, a list of the same with 
the names of the occu])ants in 1SS2 is presented.* Where the occu- 
pant does not own the building the name of the owner is also given. 

House occupied by B. C. Boice, house occupied by Dr. F. A. Sweet- 
land, house occu])ied by IT. L. Weller, house occupied by Jacob Smitii, 
house occupied by Mrs. C'ar})enter, house occupied bj' lic^bert Jordan, 
house owned I>y Robert Jordan and occujiied by James Ilendi'icks, 
house occu])ied by C. H. Rogers, liouse occupied by Charles (leesey, 
house occupied liy Wiliia.m 1 )itman, house owned by Mrs. McClaugli- 
lan and occupied Ijy Marvin Colwell and George Lj^ons, house occupied 
by J. M. Rogei's, liouse owned by Mrs. M. Ditman and occu])ied by M. 
F. Meeker, house occupied by J. B. Roljinson, house owned by George 
Selders and occiijiied l)y E. O. Swift, house occupied bj' Miles Stancliff, 
house occupied by II. F. Turner, house occupied by George Kerns, 
house occu])ied by Thomas Fox, house occupied by C. W. Teeter, house 
owned by King Brothers and occupied Ijy John JIansel, house occu])ied 
by John Hanes, house occupied b}' AYilliam Eagelston, honse owned 
by AV. Eagelston and occu])ied Ij}' S. H. Smith, house occupied by Mrs. 
Selders, house occujiied by Ripley Watts, house occupied by Ansil 
Hanchett, house occupied by Charles Eagelston, house occupied l)y E. 
H. Smith, house occupied by John Seibold, house owned by Mrs. Hill 
and occupied by L. F. Hill, house occupied by James Duff, house oc- 
cu])ied by W. A. Eddy, house occu]iied by William Greenfield, house 
owned by James Muse and occupied by Ed. Cha]mian, house occupied 
by John Karnaghan, house occupied by John Cnrtiss, house occupied 
b\' B. Newlin, house occupied by Newton Bess, house occupied by 
John Noret, house owned by J. Noret and occupied by James 
Strong, house occupied by Jolin Ileperly, house occupied by D. Barth, 
house occupied by Peter Ilerlierger, house owned by Mr. Wales and 
occupied by W. (). Hudson, house occupied by Mrs. J. Wall, house 
occu})ied by Dexter Wall, house occupied by H. B. Harris, house occu- 
pied by Mrs. Ewers, house occu])ied by L. E. Wood, house occupied by 
Mrs. Nicholas, house occupied l)y Elias Teeter, house owned by Mrs. 
S. M. Wright and occupied l)y AVill Huffman, house occupied by J. A. 
Klock, house occupied by Adam Lyons, four houses owned by A. J. 
Stone, occupied by James Fulton, C. Priester, S. G. Brees and Samuel 
Emerj' ; honse and office owned by Dyer Sisters and occii])ied by 
Frank Thomas, house occupied by C M. Teeter, house occupied by 
Rev. W. Sturgeon, house occupied by D. S. Burroughs, house owned 
by Thomas Beall and occupied l)y AV. Holgate, house occupied Ijy W. 
Miller, house occupied by A. AV. King, house occupied by J. M. 
Thomas, house occupied by S. F. Otman, house occupied by A. F. 
Stickney, house occupied by J. N. Conger, house occupied by Greger 
Herl)erger, house (rebuilt) owned by C. C. Payne and occupied by O. 
B. Merrick, house occupied by Henry Duckworth, house occupiecl by 
John Jones, house occupied by M. AV'inn, house owned by J. W. King 

* From Post-Herald. 


and occupied by David Hull, bouse occupied by M. Sparr, house occu- 
pied by M. L. Bingham, house occu])ied by Simon Cox, house occupied 
by E. keeling, house occupied by David Jones, house occupied l)y Dr. 
Magee, house occupied by ^1. Alderman, liouse -occu])ied by M. Teets, 
house occupied by Dr. Fox, house owned l)y Thomas Johnson and 
occupied ))y W. 11. Sandham, house occupied by C. P. McCorkle, house 
occupied by II.- A. Hammond, bank Imilding occu])ie(l by Farmers, 
Bank, store owned by W. J. Bond and occupied by H. B. Harris & Co., 
store occupied by Lyons Bros., store owned l)y the Farmers' Bank and 
occu]ned by W. (J. Wall, store owned by Tiiomas Beall and occupied 
by D. Barth for restaurant, store and (hvelling occupied In' Hopkins 
Sisters, sho]) occujiied by E. H. Layraiiier, store occupied hy John 
Seiljold, photograph gallery occupied by Charles L. Davis, barber shop 
and dwelling occajned liy T. J. Cross, store occupied by F. E.Davis, 
store occupied Iw Hammond & Walters, store occupied by King Bros., 
store occupied by Miss A. E. Bicker, store and dwelling ()ccn]iied 1»y 
Peter Lane, store and hall occupied by E. O. Swift and Central Hall 
Company, office and liall occupied In' the Wyoming Poxi and Odd 
Fellows, bank Imilding occu])ied In' Scott it Wrigley, North Side school 
house. Catholic clnu'ch, Congregational church, office and otiier build- 
ings on Otman & Jordan's lumber yard, office occupied by Charles 
Sargent, chicken dressing house occupied by D. S. Burroughs, office 
owned by Scott 6z Wrigley and occupied by J. McMillen, several build- 
ings on the fairgrounds of the Central Agricultural Society. 

During the ten years the Episcopal church was re-built. United 
Brethren church moved to its present location and remodeled, and the 
South Side scliool rebuilt. 

The following buildings have been moved into town from outside 
the corporation during tlie ten years: House occupied by I. H. (^owen, 
house owned by W. J. Bond and occupied by F. C. Wilson, store and 
dwelling owned by W. J. Bond and occu])ied by W. T. Wood, mill oc- 
cupied by C. Priester ife Co., elevator occupied by Charles Sargent. 
There have been several sho])s and offices put up during the ten years. 

The Yapp log-house, which in 1850 stood on the S. W. corner of 
Beers lot, and which was sold to Beers by John Wrigley in 1855, and 
moved in rear of his stable was torn down in April, 188;^, by Harry 
Hammond, who ])urchased the Beers' homestead. The old Methodist 
building of Wyoming and tlie old Congregational building of Toulon 
were moved by C. S. Payne and transformed into an o])era house. 

In November, 1860, the Wyoming Banking Company filed articles 
of incorporation in the clerk's office, placing the capital stock at 
$500,000. The Exchange Bank of Wyoming was o]^ened in Octol)er, 
1809, at Wyoming, in liockhold's building, by xinson Miner. Otis 
Dyer was ap]iointed cashier of this bank iit November, 1869. The 
Farmei's' Bank held an important place for some time. The Wyoming 
Building and Loan Association was incorporated in August, 1882, on 
the petition of John Wrigley, S. F. Otman, W R. Sandham, C. P. 
McCorkle, Wm. HoJgate, John A. Klock and AVm. II. Barrett. 

The First National IJanking Company of Wyoming, successors of 
the Fanners' Bank, elected their first board of directors in October, 


1882, viz. : James Holgate, President ; John A. Klock. Gyrus Bocock, 
W. P. Buswell, Wm. Holgate, Le\'i Sillinian, Yicc-Presidents, and 
Andrew F. Stickne^^ cashier. The other stockholders were S. W. East- 
man, E. S. Teeter, Isaac Thomas, A. Bailey, J. Smith, R. M. Bocock, 
C. W. Teeter, Bryan Rielly, John Delzer, Peter Lane, John Snare. II. 
Brown, A. F. Bloomer and Abram Pheni.x. The bank was opened 
llarch 15, 1883, and continued as a National bank until January 14, 
1885, when the company went into voluntary liquidation. 

The banking house of Scott & Wrigley dates back to 1870. It is 
the i)redecessor and successor of the National Bank. With its capital 
of S1(K),( •()(), and the men who control and manage this capital, tlie 
house justly claims as high, if not a higher position in the estimation 
of the ])eo[)le as it would if working under a national charter. 

The leading business circle at Wyoming comprises Josepli Ander- 
son, John A. Klock, grain merchants ; C. H. Bogue, H. T. Prentiss and 
Otman & Jordan, hnnber; C. S. Pavne, grist and planing mill; Scott 
& Wrigley, bankers ; Hammond & \Valters, King Bi'os., R. H. Miller 
& Co., Clias. S. Payne, merchants ; AVinfield Scott, meat market and 
stock dealer ; Chas. Hill, John Seeliold, 0. R. Wilson, meat market ; J. 
W. Smith, dealers in drv goods and groceries; J. M. Cox A: Co., F. E. 
Davis, Teeter ik: Co., Wm. C. Wall, druggists; Patrick Sullivan, Pat- 
terson Bros., E. A. Trimmei', hai-dwai-e and farm implements; 
Yiola Flouring Mills, Smith ct Miller, Samuel G. Breese, fur- 
niture; Mi's. Gr. Tyrrell, Mrs. Ella McCorkle, Misses Hopkins, mil- 
liners ; Mrs. J. Morgan, dressmaker ; Damon & Co., wind-mills and 
wagon boards ; John Steer, flonr and feed ; AVilliam II. (iray, 
William Holgate, Edward Keeling, Iligby lV: Damon, brick and tile 
manufacturers; W. A. Truax and Fuller ifc Co., livery stables; Peter 
Sanner, hotel ; F. K. Fuller, restaurant ; J. B. Robinson, carriage 
manufactui-er ; Jacob Smith, Geo. W. Davis, James Burns, and E. H. 
Lawmiller, boots and shoes ; Teets & Davis, granite and marble works ; 
Joseph Xoret, sorghum works; Chai'les L. Davis, photographer; W. R. 
Sandinim. newspaper and printing office ; C. P. McCorkle, ]\Iarsh 
Winn, E. J. Kellogg, harness manufacturers ; Geesey A: Meeker, build- 
ers; Edgar D. Hewitt, jeweler; Leon Fuiks, clothing; W. H. Boyer, 
baker}' and restaurant. 

The merchants who liave acquiesced in the early -closing movement 
from October to March are : Hammond & Walters, King Bros., Chas. 
S. Payne, R. H. Miller & Co., Jacob Smith, Patterson Bros., J. W. 
Smith, Hunter & Hartz. E. A. Trimmer. 

Tlie great milling business of Sjwon river dates away back to the 
years credited in the general history. Samuel G. Breese, of Wyoming, 
has one of the buhrs of the Dorance & Breese corn-cracking mill of fifty 
vears ago. B. F. Fuller, C. D. Fuller and ^[iies A. Fuller were amont;- 
the many old settlers who woJ'ked hard on this primitive grist mill, 
nor was it uid^nown to many of those men, a few of whom are still 
here, who built up Wyoming to its present ))rosperous state. Such 
milling enterprise as now obtains here was then unthought of, and lie 
of forty years ago, who would agree with Charles S. Payne, that his 
big intlustrial ideas would ever find a field here, Avould be counted as 


one of the old-time crazy men. He lias accomplished even more than 
he promised in the long ago. and brought np in the very heart of the 
town two maniifactui'ing industries of great importance. These have 
been ]>lanned and cqui]iped by himself, and much of the actual work 
of building, fitting and placing new machinery was performed by him. 
His flouring and feed mills, as well as planing mill have all been 
brought into existence Ijy liira and form to-day a part and parcel of 
Wyoming's progress. 

The Viola Flouring Mills in !North W^'oming, operated by Cliarles 
C. Priester, were remodeled in 1SS(! and the roller process introduced. 
In the neighi)orhood is the old, old mill, known for years as Cox's 
Mill; older one's still have been swept away, while S. K. Couover's 
was destroyed by fire. 

Payne's Opera House, Wyoming, was 0]:)ened January 1, 18S5, by 
the Peoria Parlor Party. In October, 1882, the old congregational 
building at Toulon was purchased by Charles S. Payne and moved to 
Wyoming. The jirice paid was $175. Sulisecpiently he purchascxl the 
old IMethodist building, and out of the two derelicts of religion he 
formed a temple and dedicated it to music and the di'aina. The ex- 
terior of this dual edifice is as unique as the idea which brought them 
together. The interior is without doubt worthy of the originator. 
The frescoing, scenery, arrangement of seats and ante-rooms were all 
carried out after Mr. Pa^'ue's plans, and all reflect his good taste. 

In September, 1870, the American House was opened by Greenwalt 
& Culbertson, and the name changed from the Wyoming House. This 
house was burned in April, 1876, while tenanted by Mr. Linscott and 
family. The hotel was the property of C. S. Payne. The "Tremont," 
formerly known as the " Castle House," was opened by G. B. Fern, in 
April, 1882. The Truax House, or Clifton, one of the leading hotels of 
the district, is no\v (September 20, 188(1,) conducted by Peter Sanner. 
W. A. Truax sold this house to John Slater, of Duncan, in September, 
1880, of whom Mr. Sanner is lessee. The house is all that is claimed 
for it, the leading hotel of Wyoming, and one of the best conducted in 
the whole district. 

The Payne building at Wyoming, in which McCully carried on the 
grocery business, was burned April 6, 18G8. McCully lost his stock, 
§200 in cash, and barely escaped himself. Wilson liros.' sorghum 
works were burned in Sejitember, 1879. In 187G the American House 
was destroyed by fire. The Castle Block at Wvoming was destroyed 
by fire March 11, 1885. This building was owned by Teeter & Co., 
druggists, G. B. Fern, A. II. Castle, and the Dr. Green estate. Pat- 
terson Bros, carried on business in this building. l)ut were not among 
its owners. The destruction of Jarnaghan's tile works, owned by Wm. 
Ilolgate, took place in 1886. The destruction of the (^'onover mills, 
about eight years ago, entailed heavy loss on the owner. These fires, 
with a half dozen of smaller ones, make up the list of conflagrations here. 


I'rom what has already been Avritten on Toulon township and her 
towns and villages one would think that the sketch was complete. 


This, however, is not the case ; for in tlie unwritten, unrecorded history 
of the men who made the townsliip is found the minutije and tiie most 
interesting [)arts of her history. These sketches are arranged alpiia- 

John TT. Agnrd was born in Odessa, Schuyler county, New York. 
He was ethicated at Cazenovia, New York. March 1, 18.3-1-, he and 
Martha P., a daughter of General Thomas, were married at Kingston, 
Luzerne county. Fa. In 18:^0 he resolved to make his home in Illinois. 
He arrived in' Wyoming September 25 of that year, and though lie 
lived in other places since he always looked upon Wyoming as his 
home. From 1836 until 1815 he followed farming as a "business, occa- 
sionally working as a carpenter, In 1815 he applied to the M. E. 
Rock River Conference for a. preacher's license. He took an active 
part in the work of the conference, and was for several years one of 
the leading presiding elders. He returned to Wyoming, there to 
devote hiniself more fully to the care of his sick wife, completing this 
duty with her death Sei>tember 21, 1870. Mr. Agard then considered 
it his duty to give his time and attention to the care of his wife's 
father, the aged General Thomas. A few months after General Thomas' 
death, which occurred July 7, 1879, Mr. Agard removed to Chicago, 
where he resided until his death, October 11, 1881. 

John E. Atherton, born in Kentucky, in 1802, moved with parents 
to Ohio in 1803, married Jane xinnstrong in 1825, movefl to a point 
near Kauvoo in 1835, and to Stark county in 1814, where he settled 
on what is now the James Figgs farm ; died January 31, 1S85. 

Julius Barnefi, son of Martin and Ruth (Dart) Barnes, was born at 
Florence, Oneida county, New Yoi'k, August 27, 1820. His parents 
were natives of Connecticut, who, with their famity, moved into York 
state. Their children numbered six sons and four daughters, all of 
whom, with the exception of two sons and one daughter, grew to man- 
hood and womanhood — one son and one daughter dying in late years. 
In 1836 the entire family moved to Elmwood township, Feoria county, 
coming the whole distance by wagon, and occupying six weeks in 
making the trip. Julius received his education at ElmAvood, and was 
there engagetl in agriculture and stock-raising until 1853, when he set- 
tled in "N'alley township and improved a farm of 160 acres there, since 
extended to 400 acres. For thirty years he resided on this farm ; was 
school director of his district for fourteen years consecutively, and 
served in several township offices, always taking a pride in the progress 
of the community. In 1853 he married Miss Sarah, daughter of Arni 
and Susan (Bosworth) Kellogg, who came from Clinton county, N. Y., 
to Stark county in 1836. Mrs. Barnes, however, was born in Vermont. 
Their children are Martin J., a farmer of Davis county, la.; Mrs. Mary 
A. Tilton, of Bement, Neb.; Rufus A., of Davis county, la.; Franldin 
A., farmer on old homestead ; Alvin S., of Otoe county. Neb.; Edson 
S., who died in his fifth year ; Frederick H. and Emnui L. Mr. and 
Mrs. Barnes, originally Methodists, but of old Presbyterian families, 
are members of the Congregational church. He was a member of the 
Stark County Agricultural Society, but since the organization of the 
Central Agricultural Societj^ has given it full support. He devoted 


much attention to fine stock growing up to 1SS3, when he moved into 
Wj'oming, where he has a pleasant i-esidence and a farm of 70 acres of 
well located and fertile land. 

Jonas BaUentine, born in N. Carolina, Ajiril 3, 1815, married Miss 
M. R. Edwards in 1841, settled in Stark count\' in September of that 
year, died near Monica, Peoria county, in his H3d year. 

Mrs. Eunice {Ferguson) Bass, born in Xorthiini])ton. I^. Y., in 1820, 
married E. B. Bass there in 18-10, came with her husbaiu! to Illinois in 
1854, settled five miles northeast of Toulon, and resided tliere until 
1878, when she moved into the village, where she died August 10, 1885. 

Thomas A. Beall, Sr.. born in Dubois county, Ind., March 11, 1823, 
is the son of Asa and Mary (Coyle) Beall, natives of Kentuck}-. The 
former of Fayette county and the latter of Bullitt count}'. The 
fatlier was a millwright and helped l)uild the first grist mill at Cincin- 
nati, O. He died in Peoria county in June, 1873, aged eighty-four 
yeai's, his wife preceded him in 1872, leaving three sons and two 
daughters. Asa Beall was a son of Thomas Beall, an old settler of 
Iventucky. Asa Beall removed with his family to Illinois in 1832 and 
located where is now Mossville, Peoria county, but removed to Kicka- 
poo, where he resided for many years. His cliildren are: Thomas, 
Harriet, wife of James Rogers; William, a- farmer of ^'alley towns]ii]i ; 
Francis, a resident of Peoria, and Josepliine, wife of AVilliam Law- 
rence, of Ptoria county. 

Thomas Beall was educated in Peoria count}' and there married 
Miss Ophelia, daughter of David and Roxanna (Minter) Bush, of 
Pennsylvania- and Kentucky, res]iectively, and pioneers of Peoria 
county. At thirty years of age lie left tliere and ])urciiased a ])roperty 
in \"alley townsliip, section 2, known since as the Beall farm Of his 
five sons and six daughters, Marion is a farmer in Harlan county. Neb.; 
Fred'k, an attorney-at-law, of Alma, Flarlan county, Neb. ; Asa, a min- 
ister of the Methodist church (Peoria conference); Hattie, the wife of 
David McLeish, a minister of the Methodist church, at Poseville, 111.; 
Thomas Allen, at Hedding College, ])ursuing a. literarv and classical 
course; Mary, at Squire Kogei's; John is a clever musical genius; 
Susie, Effie, Minnie and Ada residing here. He is a su})]iorter of 
the Methodist church, wliile Mrs. Beall and nuuiy of the cliildren are 
members of that church. 

Jolin Berjield, son of Benjamin and Martha (Sloan) Berfield, was 
born in Summer Hill township, Crawford county, Pa., Ajiril 24, 1814. 
His father was born in Cleai'Keld county, Pa., and his grandfather at 
London, Eng-., who came to our shores as a Britisii soldier dnriiiii- the 
Franco-Indian War, settled in Mahoning county, and afterwards 
emliraced the cause of the Revolution ; lived to see the country rid of 
tyranny, and a family of five sons and two daughters growing up in a 
free state. His wife was a Miss Hall, who, like the old soldiei-. ended 
her days on the old farm lieside the Susquehanna. Mr. Jolm Berfield's 
father served in the War of 1812; settled in Crawford county, Pa., 
where he raised a family of four sons and five daughters. In 1834 he 
moved to Peoria county. 111., and in 1830 took up land in West Jersey 
townsiiip, where he and his wife died in 1840, and were buried in the 


McCleuaglian cemetery. Ilis wife was a daughtei' of John Sloan, of 
Crawford coimtj^ Of his family, Elizabeth, wife of Kathan Stockton, 
of Peoria county, is dead ; Mai'ia, wife of Jacob Kightlinger, of Yates 
city is dead. The former was the mother of two sons and three daugh- 
ters, and the latter of eleven children, seven of Avhom are living. 
Sarah, wife of Mr. Ball, of Dakota, is dead ; Carson and John, of Stark 
county; George, who died in 1845; Martha, wife of Joseph N. Uene- 
dict, of Moline, deceased, leaving three children — Wheatley B., a farmer, 
near llokah, Minn., and Mary Anne, wife of Miner Hedges, of Den- 
ver, Col., deceased. Jolm Berfield received a fair education in his 
native county, learned the carpenter's trade there, and on coming to 
Knox county, now a ])art of Stark, purchased and improved a, farm in 
what is now West Jersey townshi]), and ever since has been identified 
with the county's progress. He married here Einily, daughter of 
Squire Thomas Colwell and a native of Ross countj^, Ohio. They are 
the parents of two sons and two daughters, who are also the heads of 
families. Mr. Berfield has served as justice of the peace for West 
Jersey, supervisor of Toulon, whither he moved in 1852; has been 
township treasurer of schools and member of school lioard, as related 
in the histories of these townships. Mr. and Mrs. Berlield at one time 
were members of the J>aptist church, and are numbered among the 
most useful citizens and honored pioneers of the county. 

Patrick M. Blair, son of William Preston and Hannah (Craig) 
Blair, was born at Frankfort, Ky., April 10, 1829. His father was 
also born at Frankfort, son of James Blair, a native of Richmond, Va., 
— attorney general of Kentucky, and grandson of John Blair, also a. 
native of Virginia — a name known in the judicial histoiy of Virginia. 
James Blair served with distinction in the Revolution, and William P. 
Blair in the War of 1812 as captain in the U. S. army. After the war he 
was in command of the first regular garrison at Ft. Clark (now Peoria) ; 
sul)sequently in command at Rock Island, Council Bluffs and Ft. 
Smith, Ark., where he married ^[iss Craig, tlaughter of one of the lii'st 
settlers of Arkansas. Patrick' M. Blair was educated at St. Louis Uni- 
versity, studied law in the office of his cousin, Montgomeiy Blair, and 
was admitted to the Illinois Bar at Ottawa in 1850. In 1810 he visited 
Toulon ; returned to St. Louis in 1848, and took up his residence at 
Toulon m 1854. He was married November 5, 1851, to Miss Harriet 
M. ilaughter of Dr. Hall, born in Derliyshire, Fug., July 26, 1832. In 
1854 he and John Berfield established the first lumber yard at Toulon, 
where his present residence now stands. In 1858 he and G. A. Clifford 
opened a law office. Before the war this partnership was dissolved, 
and one with Judge James Hewitt formed. In 1860 he was elected 
circuit clerk, which position he held eight years, the vote being in 
1868 for Mr. Blair 112S, a majority of 570, the largest majority 
given at this election. In 1867 lie assisted in organizing the R. I. &, 
P. R. R. Co. ; was one of the incorporators, and in 186!) was elected 
first vice president, serving until succeeded by Captain S. F. Otman. 
In 1886 he was appointed nuister in chancery, as successor to Allen 
P. Miller. Of the four children born to Mr. and Mrs. Blair none are 
living. William P., born December 19, 1854, died December 25, 


that year; Frances L., born January 20, 185(i, died April 23, 1873; 
Thomas H., one of the founders of the Sentinel, born July 30, 1858, 
died August 28, 1881, and Walter H., born m 18tS2, died December 20, 

Mrs. Elma M. (Wrig/it) Black, born near Toulon in 1858, married 
Samuel G. Black in 1870, died October 30, 1885. 

Ilerliert BJah'ly, Ijorn in Tennessee in 1807, moved to Knox county, 
111., in 1853, to Toulon in 1883, died here December 25, 1881. 

Thomas W. Bloomer, born in Fayette county, Ohio, January 15, 
1833, is the son of Jesse and Matilda (MacDonald) Bloomer, the for- 
mer a native of Ohio and son of Wm. Bloomer, a fanner who settled 
in Fayette county on moving from Alabama. Jesse Bloomer was a 
farmer in Fayette county Ohio when he died. Thomas W. received a 
fair education there, and there learned the -blacksmith's trade at 
"Washington, Ohio. In 1855 he came to Stark county with his uncle 
Squire MacMillen. Here he established business for himself and has 
since been identified with Wyoming. He was married in Fayette 
county. Ohio to Miss Mary J. Kimble, daughter of Nathan Kimble, a 
merchant of Washington. They have one son and one daughter, Jesse 
C, a real estate dealer, and Ida A., the wife of George H. Lyons of 
Wyoming, a traveling salesman. A reference to the history' of Wy- 
oming will point out Mr. lUoomer's connection with the city council, 
school board, masonic circles, while in the general history many refer- 
ences are made to him. He is one of the original members of the 
Central Agricultural Society. 

Andreiv F. Bloomer, formerly of Wyoming, moved to York, Neb. 

Wni. Bogijs. who settled at Wyoming years ago, died in January, 

Majoi' Bohanon, of Trivoli, lU., father of Mrs. J. D. Pierson, of 
Toulon, died in September, 1881-, in his 85th j'ear. He came from 
Syracuse, N. Y., to Peoria county in 1835. 

William J. Bond, a native of Maine, was Ijorn in Lincoln county, 
townsliip of Jefferson, January 25, 1827. His father wasWilliam Ful- 
lerton Bond, a farmer, and son of Henry Bond, a farmer, originally a 
l)rick-mason, a native of Winchester, Mass. William J. was one of 
three sons and three daughters of William F. and Llannah (Jackson) 
Bond, the latter daughter of Joseph Jackson, who served in the lievo- 
lution. He spent boyhood in his native county. At the age of seven- 
teen years he engaged as clerk in a mercantile house, and after a few 
years became a ])artner in a general store at Jefferson. In 1850 he 
went to liockland. Me., and was engaged in mercantile work until 
coming west in 1808. During his stay at Kockland he served in the 
council of that city six years, was clerk of the city three years, and 
member of the board of assessors of Rockland for eight years. In 
1808, sold out his interest, came west, and after s})ending four years in 
Missoiii'i in traveling trade, he was sent here in 1872 to take charge of his 
coal mining company's intei-ests. Tliose interests he subsequently pur- 
cliased, and was prominently connected with l)usiness here until 1881. 
U]>on the organization of tlie Central Agi'icultural Society' he became 
a stockholder. He was married in Missouri to Miss Amelia Gregory. 

iW (*'^^ 





A reference to the official liistoiy of the viUage of Wyoming, of tlie 
Protestant Episcopal church, of the Masonic circle and commercial in- 
terests will point out ver^y definitely the part he has taken in the 
progress of this t(jwn. , 

Orhoulo Bi'fire. son of IMyrtle G. and Phoebe (Munson) P)i-ac(% was 
born in Elmira townsliij), this county, August 8, 1838. His father, a 
native of New York state, was reared and educated in Luzerne county, 
I'enn. Ilis mother was also a native of that county. In 18-36 Myrtle 
G. Brace, his wife and two children came to Osceola Grove, making 
the trip overland. Of their eleven children, three sons and six daugh- 
ters survive. The pioneers were laid to rest in Elmira cemetery, the 
father dying in 18()(i, the mother in 1873. Orlando Brace spent his 
boyhood on the farm, again farmed his own lands in Ileniy county, 
and was so engaged when the civil war broke out. In 1862 he en- 
tered Company A, One hundred and twenty-fourth Illinois infantry, 
and followed the fortunes of that command until April 1, 1865, when 
he received a wound in the right shoulder joint at Spanish Fort. Ala. 
Subsecpiently he spent three montiis in the hospital at New Orleans, 
and in October of that year was honoralily discharged at SpringHekl, 
111. In 1867 he resumed farming, but owing to the failure of his 
health had to discontinue agriculture. In 1873 he was elected treas- 
urer of Stark county, which position he held for five consecutive terms, 
and doubtless would l)e elected and reelected had not the legislature 
ado])ted a law fixing the tenure of that office. During all these years 
not one cent has been incoi'i'ectly entered or unaccounted for, ])i'e- 
cision mai'kinfi- all iiis dealings with tlie office. In Deceml)er, 1886, he 
was elected commander of the G. A. K. post at Toulon. He married 
Miss Lucy A. Hudson, of Elmira township, whose parents, Daniel and 
Mary Hudson, settled tiiere aliout 1854, moving that year from Wash- 
ington county, Ohio. They are the parents of seven children, nanudy: 
Lottie, now ilrs. William Nixon, of Wyoming; Luella, now Mrs. F. S. 
Ilosseter, of Cliicago; Frank, Florence, Harry, George and Editli. A 
reference to the military, political and pioneer chapters of the general 
historj', to the chapters on Elmira township, and to that on the town 
of Toulon, will jioint out definitely the various positions held by Mr. 

Mrs: Khz'ic F. Brace, daughter of f 'alel) P. and Diana Flint, boi-n 
in Corning, N. Y., in 1839, came to Toulon in 1810, died at Winona, 
111., Feiiruary 25, 1878. 

Ilcrinj C. Brarlley, son of George ami Ann (Campbell) Bradley, 
was born in Goshen township, February 7, 1819. His parents were 
old residents of Stai'k county, coming here from New York City. Of 
their five sons and four daughters, Bessy died in infancy; William G. 
is a farmer of Nicholls county, Neb.; Sarah J. is the wife of Jacob 
Goliey, of Nicholls countj^, Neb.; Henry C. resides at Toulon ; Andrew 
■ C. and Mary, the wife of Robert Nicholson, reside in Goshen; 
Frank B. is a, farmer of Nicholls county, Neb.; Annie is the wife 
of Cory Moore of Toulon township, and Ora A. is the wife of James 
Lamb, of Fillmore county. Neb. Henry C. received a common school 
echication in his native townshi]), and learned the blacksmith's trade 


at Toulon. At the age of 21 years entered farm life for himself, and 
continued agriculture until ISSl, Avhen he sold his farm, moved into 
Toulon, and commenced the l)lacksmitb"s trade. His wife. Miss Alice 
A. Edwards, is a daughter of Lewis Edwards, fonnerlj^ of Essex town- 
ship, now of Antelope county, Neb., residing near Neeley village. 
Mr. iind Mrs. Bradley are the parents of four children, namely: Fan- 
nie, Jessie, Addie and Bertha. Both are members of the Christian 
Church, and he is a member of the County Agricultural Society. 
George Bradlej', the pioneer of the family in this county, is now a res- 
ident of Thayer county. Neb. His wife died here July 9, 1881. Geo. 
Bi'adley was born in Tyrone county, Ireland, in 1820, came to New 
York in 1839. His wife, Ann Campbell, was born in same county in 
1822, and came to New York in 1841, was married in 1844 and 
started for Toulon the same spring. 

kSiiinuel G. Breese, son of Henry and Sarah (Johnson) Breese, was 
born December 25, 183fi. His father was born in Luzerne county, 
Wyoming Valley, Pa., December 21, 1797, died October 21, 1875. He 
was one of nine children of Samuel and Hannah (Pierson) Breese of 
Somerset county. New Jersey, and grandson of John and Dorothy 
(Iliggs) Ih'eese of PJasking Ridge, N. J., the same John who was a soldier 
of the IJevolution. Henry Breese, father of Samuel G. came here 
from Luzerne county, Pa., in 18:')5, with three sons and two d;inghtei's, 
namely: Stephen 1)., Milton, Johnston, Ellen and Amy, while here 
the subject of this sketch was born. He, with Stephen and Amy, 
now Mrs. A. Y. Fuller, are the only survivors here, of this large and 
prominent family. Milton resides at Neponset, Johnson, at Kewanee, 
and Ellen is the wife of Samuel Besett, residing near Chenoa, 111. 
Samuel G. grew to manliood here, at 18 years he engaged in his 
father's business at Neponset, 111.; visited (.)maha, Nclj., returned in 
1864 to Prairie city, and was engaged in mercantde work until 1870, 
wlien he moved near Castleton, where he was engaged in farming up 
to 1882, Avhen he took charge of his present business at Wyoming, 
still hokling his farm in Penn township. He was married December 
24, 18(i5, at Prairie city to Miss Elvira C, daughter of Moses and 
Martha A. (Yocum) Craig, of Virginia and Kentucky res]iectively. 
They are the parents of Maude, Henry C. and Mattie. Mr. Breese 
su^jports all religious denominations, but is not a member of any 
church, Throughout the township history and in many pages of the 
general histor}-, this family' is referred to. Mr. Breese was born in a 
small log cabin, and at time of birth, had four teeth, two aljove and 
two below, a rather strange or unusual thing, but necessity is always 
tiie mother of invention, and the teeth must liave been provided, so as 
he could become self-sustaining very young, and learn to live on nuts 
and acorns, etc., as at that time most pioneers had very little of the 
luxuries to eat. His elder brothers used to heat clapboards by the fire 
place and cari-y them out to the wood pile to stand on barefooted 
while they chojiped wood. Such are a few incidents pecuHar to life 
here over half a century ago. 

William Brown, a mason since 1812, died near Toulon in Decem- 
ber, 1874, aged 86 years. 


John B. Bivini, born in Virginia in ISUO, settled near Kickaiioo, 111., 
in 1837; canie to Wyoming in 1853, was postmaster here from ISGO, 
whicii position he filled nntil his deatii. May 23, 1880. ( Vi(/e chapter 
on I'enii 7'o>rji.?/iij>.) 

Ct/j>f(///i John M<irJiuU Browii^ son of John Benton and Elizalieth 
Ann (Johnson) lirown, was born in Hampsliire comity, \'a., August 10, 
1837. His father settled in that state and followed the millwright's 
trade in his youth ; while his mother's people — the Johnsons — resided 
tliere for over a century. In the summer of 1837, the family (parents 
and three sons) moved west to a ]ioint near Kickapoo, Peoria county, 
111. In 1853, the father settled in Wyoming, engaged in mercantii 


work and was one of the town's most energetic and ])ublic-s])irited 
citizens up to his death in 1880. He was postmaster thei-e for nearly 
twenty years. At the beginning of the Civil War, John M. Brown 
was engaged on the farm in Valley township. In August of that year 
he enlisted in ComiKiny K, Forty-seventh Illinois Infantry, and was 
at once appointed or<lei'lv sergeant of the company. Early in 18r)2, he 
was premoted lirst lieutenant. Following the battle of Corinth lie was 
commissioned captain and held that position until honoral>lv dis- 
charged, October 10, 1864. In November, ISOi, he was elected siieritf 
by 555 majority over the popular democratic nominee, James Nowlan. 
In 18(!8, he defeated William Lowman for circuit clerk by 534 majority, 
and reelected each term since that time. In 1859, he married Miss 
Margaret E., foui-th daughter of John and ]\Iargaret (Rol)inson) Hawks. 
Of their three chiklren, Ella M. is now the wife of Herbert D. Nott, 
of (Talva; Maud E. resides with parents, and Lew M. thrown is a very 
coui'teous and competent assistant in the circuit clerk's office. A refer- 
ence to the history of the G. A. II. post at Toulon, that of the I. O. O. F. 
lodge, and of the Encampment will show the part he has talcen in these 
important organizations. As an ofKcer of the county his record is 
without rejiroach, as a soldier ho won his laurels and wears tliein, 
while as a citizen he has shared in the labors of adding a jileasant 
home to Toulon, and has become interested in a farm in the county. 
( Vide hi into ry of Pcnn 7oiDiif<hij>.) 

" Urandpa''' BucJuman, who tlied at Olympia, W. T., Septembar 27, 
1884, once resided on the land now known as the county Poor Farm. 
He was born in 1801, married in 1822, and crossed the plains in 1853, 
with his family. 

Sanniel Burgi\ son of Rev. Benjamin and Lucretia (Dewey) Burge, 
Avas born at Enfield, (irafton county, N". H., October 21, 1844. In 
1850 Mr. Biu'ge, his mother and sister, moved from Lewiston, Fulton 
county, to Stark county. The family having settled in Fulton county 
in 1853, four years after the death of Rev. Mr. Burge. This move was 
made on the suggestion of the late Samuel M. Dewey, a resident of 
Stark in 1849, wlio counseled his sister to bring her family among a 
people whom he esteemed, and among whom himself was one of the 
leading citizens. On arriving here Mr. Burge entered his uiu^le's store 
and tilled the jiosition of clerk for ten years, until 1866, when he ac- 
quired a one-fourth interest in the house of Dewey, Lowman & Co. 
In the fall of that year Mr. Dewey died, but, by the terms of the will, 


the business was to be continued under the title of Dewey & Burge, 
and with the mercantile depaj'tment the banking house, established in 
1865, was included. Of all this Mr. Burge took the management Jan- 
uary 1, ISfiT. Early in 18(!9 he purchased the interests of the Dewey 
estate, and in the s]n'ing of 18T<* disposed of the mercantile depart- 
ment, so tliat he could give exclusive attention to the banking business. 
In LBTit Charles P. DeAvey, son of the late yamuel Dewey, was ad- 
mitted into partnership, and the firm name of Burge & Dewey 
ado])ted. On iSeptember 1, 1870, Mr. Burge was married to Miss Alice, 
daughter of "William Lowman. To them four children were born, 
Annie M., Samuel D., Esther L. and Jessie, the latter now l.ying in the 
family lot in Toulon cemetery. Mi's. lUii'ge is a graduate of the liock- 
ford Female Seminar}', and, as evidenced by references in this work to 
local litei-ary and musical societies, holds a first place among the 
alumni of seminary. In the history of the schools of Toulon 
township, of the Congregational church of Toulon, of the munici- 
]mlity, of the soldiers of tiie county and of the W. W. Wright Post, 
G. A. P., the part taken by Mi". Burge in affairs of public intei'est is 
clearly portrayed. To him is credited the introduction of modern 
residence building into Toulon, and above all a desire to share in build- 
ing up higher the industrial and social interests of the town, which he 
calls his home for over thirty years. 

liev. Benjamin Burge, named in the foregoing .sketch, was born at 
Francistown, N. II. For years he was an esteenu^d pastor of the Con- 
gregational church, until his death in 1848. His widow, Mrs. Lucretia 
(Dewey) Burge, was a daughter of Andj'ew Dewey, a farmer of Han- 
over, N. IL, who died on the farm in Goshen township, in 1857. 
Shortly after the death of her husband, Mrs. Burge and family moved 
to Nashua, N. H., where she resided until coming to Lewiston, 111., in 
1853. The name and family are well known in the ])ioneer history of 
New Hampshire, ])articular]y in the Ilollis neighborhood, where the 
old residence of the ]]urges has a histoiy antedating 1740. 

JJ. S. BunxmijJiK, son of Lorin and Merihah (Boardmanj Burroughs, 
was born at Najsoli, Cattaraugus county, N. Y., Feb. 7, 1843. His father 
was a son of Porter Burroughs, and mother a, daughter of Richard 
Boardman, prominent agriculturalists of Onondaga Co., N. Y. In 18(57 
Lorin Bui'roughs and family migrated to Prophetstown, where the father 
died Sept. 5, 1807, leaving live sons and three daughters living. Geo. 
W. is supjiosed to have been killed at Chancellors ville, under Hooker; 
Orlando, the eldest, is a farmer; Lewis P., died at Napoli, N. Y.; Ira, 
like Orlando, resides in Sarpy county. Neb.; Daniel L. is a citizen of 
Whiteside county. 111.; Wallace M. is in insurance business at Omaha, 
Neb.; Lavina is the widow of O. Fischer, Whiteside county ; Salina is 
the wife of John M. Richards, of Whiteside county ; and Mariiula V. 
is unmarried. D. S. Burroughs is tJie sixth son of seven boys. He 
spent his Ijoyhood at Napoli. and obtained his education in Cattaraugus 
county. After coming to Illinois he traveled extensively through the 
west, was engaged in the creamery business in Whiteside county until 
1884, but starte<l in business in this place November 10, 1875, the date 
of his commission house at Wyoming. His wife, whom he married at 


Council Bluffs, la., was born at Cold Spi'ings, Cattai'augus county, N. 
Y. They are tlie ])arents of one daughter, Carrie. Mr. Burroughs is 
a member of the masonic society, a sti'ong advocate of temperance 
25rinciples, and a sup])orter of all beneficial enterprises. 

Captain Ilenrii Butler, son of Justus Butler, ,the famous hotel- 
keeper of New Haven, Conn., was born in that city about 1.793. 
"When he was of age he marrietl Miss Rebecca Green, grand daugliter 
of Samuel Green, tlie '" Camln'idge, Mass., pi'inter." Captain Butler, 
depending on tlie accounts of the West rendered by one Bogardus, a 
pioneer lawyer of Peoria, and Elias K. Kane, one of the first constitu- 
tion makers of Illinois, left New York in June, 1835, traveled l)y boat 
to Chicago, and arrived at Wyoming in the fall. lie was followed by 
his wife, three sons and live diiughters, who took up their residence in 
the double log-house whicli the captain had built and pre|)ai"ed for 
them. In later years tlie brick residence was erecttnl, and liere tlie 
founder of the family in Ilhnois died, August ji, 18(14. his wife follow- 
ing Jiim to rest, November 30, 1865. In this county two of their 
children were born. Lucy, George, Samuel, Henry, Ileljecca, Mary, 
Charles, Abby, Elizabeth, All)ert, Virginia and Henrietta tlien made 
up tlie family circle. In 183U, William F. Tiiomas married Mary But- 
ler, and the same day Ira Ward, Jr., married Elizabeth. In January, 
1840, Oaks Turner-, of Hennepin, marrieil Beljecca G., Elizal^eth mar- 
ried John W. Henderson, Ueni-ietta married Thomas J. Henderson, 
and soon through tiie list. George and Ciiarles never settled here; 
the former held a leading position in A. T. Stewart's house. New York 
city, for years; the latter is a lawyer of that city. Virginia., who in 
her youth Avas deprived of hearing, was edncatefl by the Gallaudets; 
Abl)y died while yet an infant. 

Edwin Butler, pubhslier and editor of tli(^ Stark Clounty News, was 
born at Kewanee, Henry county. III., January 9, 1841. Moving to 
Milan, III., he remained tliere until 1849, when he came to Toulon. 
Here he attended some of the many private schools then existing at 
the county seat, was a ])upil at the seminary, and completed a four 
year's classical coui-se at Knox college in June, 1861. During the next 
winter he taught the "Dutcli Island" school in Essex township. On 
August 11, 1862, he enlisted in Companv E, One-hundred-and-twelfth 
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, was appointed second sergeant, promoted 
orderly, and sei'ved tiiree years. In Se]itember, 1863, he was de- 
tailed to assist in printing the Athens [Jnion Post in the office of 
the suppressed Athens l\iKt. On the 17th the first number a])])eared, 
and contained a well-written salutatory, from which the following 
extract is nnide: "Our first issue of the Athens Urdon Post will 
present quite a different appearance to what it did, wiien Union was 
not attached to its title. . . . The former editor, Mr. Ivins, prob- 
ably not thinking that we would want to issue the paper in his 
absence, took with him nearly all the material necessary to give it a 
genteel appearance." Tlie motto of the new paper was "^Our countr^^ 
may she ever be right; but our country right or wrong." Mr. Butler 
worked faithfully on the Post until the sudden evacuation of Athens, 
when he was captured in the office. AVhile with the rebels, he tasted 


the sweets of prison life at Atlanta, Danville, Eichmond ; from March 
to September, 18ti-l, in their notorious hotel at Andersonville; next at 
Charleston, and then at Florence, S. C. In Decemlier, ISH-t, lie con- 
trived to make his \v;iy to Ciiarleston witli the sick and wounded, who 
were there exchanged. Once witliin the union lines, he made the hrst 
hearty meal since his captivity, put on a new dress, returned to Toulon 
for thirty days, and in one week increased fourteen ]iounds in weight. 
In April, 1865, he rejoined his command at Greensljoro, N. C, and 
served until July. Eeturning, lie worked on a farm, was elected 
county surveyor in Tsovemljer, a position he has since filled with the 
exception of two years. In May, 1SC9, he purchased Oliver White's 
interest in the JVnm with Joseph Smethurst; early in 1S70, ])urchased 
the hitter's interest, but in June, 1882, sold a half interest to James A. 
Henderson, who, dying in the fall of 1883, left the partnership to his 
widow. Mr. Butler was married in March, 1883, to Mrs. Maggie 
Porter, daughtei' of James S. Templeton, one of the early settlers of 
Toulon, who returned to his home near Pittslturgh, Penn. In 1872, 
he witli Enoch Emery were delegates to the Republican National con- 
vention. ( Vi(/e vi///f<ii\i/ (Old local Idstonj.) 

C. O. Caiiiphdl, born in Connecticut in 1817; moved to Stark 
countv in 1865; resided at Wvoming a number of vears; died at Chi- 
cago, 'jVIay 1, 1880. 

Alfred 'Casfli', M. I)., son of Samuel and Phoebe (Parmalee) Castle, 
was Ij'orn at Sullivan, Madison county, N. Y., Septeml)er 22, 1>,06. His 
father was a native of Berksliire county, Mass., and a cousin of Ethan 
AUen, and a descendant of the Irish family of Castles who settled in 
Connecticut among its pioneers. His mother was of Belgian lineage. 
Dr. Castle studied the languages under Dr. Sillsbee, of Cazenovia, N. 
Y., and medicine at Brock]3ort and Pittsford, in Monroe county, mean- 
time attending lectui-es at Berk's College, Pittsfield, Mass., at Jefferson 
College, Philadeliihia. and at Vermont College, Woodstoc-k. He was a 
resident graduate of Harvard College, and also at Massacimsetts Hos- 
pital, Boston. He practiced two years at Brock)iort before obtaining 
his degree of M. D. in 183-1, at the Berkshire sciiool. During the two 
succeeding years he practiced in Monroe county. On Ma^y 19, 1835, 
he married iliss i\Iaria P., (hiughter of Col. Daniel Dana, of the IT. S. 
army, who commanded the Vermont volunteers during the war of 
1812-14. In 18;!(; he set out for Peoria, 111., on a one-horse buggy, 
leaving liis bride to follow. He resided tliere five or six years, returned 
reduced in health to Vermont, but in 1812 he revisited Peoria, to find 
that, wliere onl^^ one house stood in 1836 (six miles west of Peoria), 
between Peoria and AVyoming, man^' were now built and building. 
In 1843 he settled at Wyoming. Dr.* and Mrs. Castle were the parents 
of five cliildren, two of whom died in infancy. He was tlie active 
agent in building the B. A: Ft. R. Iv., of wliich Ids son Alfred was 
president. The doctor only retired from jiractice a few years 
ago. During his forty years of duty in this county he merited and 
obtained many tokens of popular esteem. A reference to the chapters 
of the general liistory and to the sketch of Wyoming will point out 
the various parts Dr. Castle has taken in that drama of real life which 


has been on the stage of Stark County particularly since its organiza- 
tion, only a few years before his settlement here. 

Tice. W. W. Can: native of Yerniont, Ijorn in Addison county, at 
Middlebury, July 23, 1S.")0, is the son of William and Harriet E. 
( Rogers) Carr, both active members of the Methodist church. William 
Carr's father, also William, was a native of Rhode Island — of old 
Episcopalian circles there. W. W. Cai'r sjient liis i)oyhood at IMiddle- 
hui'V, obtained a gi>i)d coinmini school education, and took a pi'epara- 
torv course at tlu; Middlebury High School, and at Brandon, Yt. lie 
also taught school during this time, and labored for himself since the 
ao-e of twenty-one. At the age of twentN'-tliree he came west and 
entered the Xoi'thwestern University, at Evanston, graduated in the 
class of 1877 with an honorable record, taking some prizes. During 
the last two years of the college course he preached at Brighton Park, 
and upon graduating joined the Illinois conference, and was stationed 
at Yates City. He held this charge one year, then went to Trivoli, 
Peoria county, where he remaineil two years, signalizing his woi'k 
by a large revival. At Ipava, Fulton county, he remained three years 
There he removed a considerable church debt, repaired the old build- 
ing, and built a new pai-sonage. A church was built in his circuit dur- 
ing this time. Moving to Blandinsville. McDonough county, lie held 
remarkable revival services, and during his one-year term repaired the 
church there. In 1884 lie was ai^pointed to the Toulon charge, and in 
1886 to that of Kewanee. lie married at his old Yermont home Miss 
Mattie L. Piper, daughter of David Piper, of Middlebury, an old 
family of that town. To them three sons and one daughter were born 
— Ruby Peai'l, Harlow Piper, George W., and Sidney McCord. Rev. 
Mr. Carr's relation to Stai'k county is best told in the history of the 
]\[etliodist church and of the Masonic. OddFellow and Good Templar 
circles of Toulon. 

ThoinaK II. CiwUii, senior memlier of the firm of Carlin i^r Sickles, 
is one of the enterju'ising and progressive business men of Stark county, 
and takes the credit of pioneer work here in his industry. He was 
born in Canal Dover, Tuscarawas county, O., March 9, i8.5S, the son 
of Matthew Carlin and Jane Rockforil, both natives of Ireland, who 
came from near Droghedsi. Louth county, to our shores to make a 
home for themselves. They settled in Tuscarawas county, wh4?re two 
sons and five daug'hters came to them and t-rew to manhood and 
womanhood, all worthy citizens and industrious people. The subject 
of our sketch completed a good common school education and began 
the trade of cigar-making at Canal Dover. He subsequently did jour- 
neyman work at his tratle through the country, tinally locating here 
in ]\[arch, 1882. where he soon after emljarked in business, which he 
has very successfully carried on since. He feels the full force of his 
citizenship in Toulon, and in the early part of the present year married 
Miss Lydia, the estimable daughter of Daniel and Ann (Maguire) 
Wolgamood, worthy people of Toulon. Mr. Carlin attributes his suc- 
cess in life to a careful and pains-taking principle in the manufacture 
of his goods, and the rapidly growing trade of the firm attests this 
fact. Socially, he is .a genial gentleman and a substantial friend. He 


is a worthy member of tlie I. O. O. F. societ}', and is (with all 
his active business duties) a close student of this progressive age, and 
is found clever in othei' arts l)esides his trade. 

^Y^llium ChainherJain, If. I)., died November 2. 1882, in his (Mth 
year, lie came to Stark county in 1847, and practiced here contin- 
uously u]) to the period of his (leatli. F. S. Kossiter represented the 
I. O. O. F., and B. F. Thompson the Masonic society at the funeral. 

Julius Field Chajnn, born in New York in 1801, died in March, 
1884, aged 82 years He jnit the first coat of })aint on the Eaptist 
chui'ch spire at Toulon prior to liis removal to LaSalle. 

2[rs. Jlary (Fuis/u/w) C7iaj>/}i; sister of Daniel Faiisliaw, one of the 
pioneer printers of New York cit\', died at LaSalle, Ills., Deceml)er l."), 
188:>, aged 81 ^^ears. She came to Toulon in early days, moved to 
LaSalle in 1853, where she resided thirty years. 

Joseph Catterlin, born in Virginia in 1789, moved to Ohio, married 
Elciinor Knox, who died at Kewanee in 1873 ; died himself at Albion, 
Kan., May 22, 18S<i. He was postmaster at Toulon during FilluKjre's 
ailministration, and one of the old merchants. 

John S. Clevehoid died in Wyoming October 4, 1S8<^ He was 
father of three children, two of them are still living, aiul one of them, 
Mrs. John W. Cox, resides at Wyoming. His wife died in this })lace a 
little over one year ago. The deceased was born at Chillicothe, Peoria 
county. Ills., and died in his 57th year. His home was formerly in 
Neponset, from which place he moved to Wyoming several j'ears 
since. He served three years in the war of the Rebellion, as a- member 
of the Fourteentii Illinois Cavalry. He was the inventor of a sulky 
revolving harrow, on wliich he received letters patent in 1883. 

'}<;ff'ret/ A. Cooley^ born in Grayson count}^ (now Carroll county), 
Virginia, on Jul}' 4, 1825, where he lived for seventeen years, came to 
Toulon November 18, 1842, and lived for forty-four years here. The 
first seven years he was in the employ of John C^ulljertson, asiisting 
him in farm work. On Fel^ruary 7, 1849, he was united in marriage to 
Mrs. Louisa Culbertson, by Kev. S. G. Wright. They had three chil- 
dren, all of whom died early. Only his wife survives him. Immedi- 
ately after mari'iage in 1849, lie built a hotel on the site of the present 
house which was tiie first regular public hotel in the |)lace ; and up to 
his death, Sejiteniber 22, 188(i, he was proprietor of what is known as. 
the Virginia, House He beqvieathed to his wife the liotel and fix 
tures, lot and Itarn thei'eon, and to Kate Maxfiekl, daughter of Mrs' 
Nellie Maxfiekl, all his personal property and twenty two acres of land 
lying just east of town. 

I'redt/ Colivell, an old settler of Stark county, died at Burlingtoii 
Junction, Mo., June, 1, 1883. 

Mrs. David Cooper, now Mrs. Ennis of W^'oming, a sister of Isaac 
B. Essex, came in the fall of 1829. 

J/;'.y. Mary Cox, of Wyoming, daughter of James and Maria Graves, 
died June 24, 1881. 

Clara {De Wolf) Cox was born in Clark county, Ohio, March 23, 
1848, and at the age of four years came with her parents to Stark 
county, where she resided up to her death, Nov^ember 4, 188G. In the 


year 1867, she was united in marriage to Walter Cox whicli union was 
blest by six children. 

Jere 21. Co.c, druggist and pharmacist, was born in Ross county, 
Ohio, May 11, 1850. His parents, Jesse and Aljigail ( Waldron) Cox, the 
former a mitive of Ohio, the latter of Xorth Carolina, with their fam- 
ily moved to Illinois in 18.52, and here Mr. J. M. Cox received his early 
education completing such at Lombard university', Galesburg. At the 
age of 23 years, he engaged in mercantile life, and has since l)een one 
of the successful business men of the county. He married Miss 
Emma J., daugliter of the late J. H. Batchelder of Englewood, and to 
them three children were born : Harry C, Fannie C and Nellie — the 
second now deceased. A reference to the Masonic and Odd Fellow's 
history of W^'oming, will point out definitely the position of Mr. Cox 
in these societies. He is a member of the Illinois Pharmaceutical so- 
ciety and of the State Board of Pharmacy. 

Aunt Poll ij Craiiilall. ih.Q old maid of Toulon and " aunt to the 
whole town,"' moved to Barton county, Mo., in 1882, and died there 
the same year. 

2Ilss Eliza J. Crei<jhfon, who was a well-known teacher of Stark 
county, in the fifties, died at Morris, 111., September 21, 1864. 

Prof. P. K. Cross, a native of Illinois, comes from