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DOCUMENTS 



ILLUSTKATING THE IMPEACHMENT 



OF THE 



DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM 



IN 1626. 



EDITED BY 

SAMUEL RAWSON GARDINER, 

DIRECTOR OF THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 




PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 



M.DCCC.LXXXIX. 







WESTMINSTER: 

FEINTED BY NICHOLS AND SONS, 
25. PARLIAMENT STREET. 




07 



[NEW SERIES XLV.] 



COUNCIL OF THE CAMDEN SOCIETY 

FOR THE YEAR 1888-9. 



President, 
THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF CRAWFORD, LL.D., F R.S. 

PROFESSOR MONTAGU BURROWS, M.A., F.S.A. 

JAMES J. CARTWRIGHT, ESQ., M.A., F.S.A., Treasurer. 

REV. J. SILVESTER DA VIES, M.A., F.S.A. 

JAMES E. DOYLE, ESQ. 

REV. J. WOODFALL EBSWORTH, M.A., F.S.A. 

JAMES GAIRDNER, ESQ., Secretary. 

SAMUEL RAWSON GARDINER, ESQ., M.A., LL.D., Director. 

REV. F. A. GASQUET. 

J. O. HALLIWELL PHILLIPPS, ESQ., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

ALEXANDER MACMILLAN, ESQ., F.S.A. 

THE RIGHT REV. THE BISHOP OF OXFORD, D.D., F.S.A. 

THE EARL OF POWIS, LL.D. 

HENRY REEVE, ESQ., D.C.L., C.B., F.S.A. 

S. R. SCARGILL-BIRD, ESQ., F.S.A. 

PERCY M. THORNTON, ESQ. 



The COUNCIL of the CA.MDEN SOCIETY desire it to be under- 
stood that they are not answerable for any opinions or observa- 
tions that may appear in the Society's publications ; the Editors 
of the several Works being alone responsible for the same. 



INTRODUCTION. 



IN selecting five suigects out of those which were dwelt on by 
the accusers of Buckingham, I have been influenced solely by the 
fact that on these only have I been able to obtain documentary 
information of any value. I shall now proceed to deal with each 
of the five subjects in turn. 

I. 

On the charge relating to the purchase of the Wardenshi^ of the 
Cinque Ports there is not much new matter to be produced. That 
the purchase took place is beyond question, but the papers now 
printed appear to show a probability that Buckingham, in making 
the purchase, had a public object in view. 

II. 

Concerning the guard of the seas there is even less that is new to 
be shown. All that appears is that Sir Francis Stewart, who was 
sent out to protect English trade, considered that he had done his 
best under the circumstances. 

III. 

The seizure of the St. Peter of Havre de Grace was a more 
important matter. The managers of the impeachmentjlwelt on the 
factthat the ill-treatment of French merchants was provocative of 
an impolitic war with France, and alleged that the seizure of 
valuable property from this particular ship was simply the result of 



vi INTRODUCTION. 

Buckingham's wish to enrich himself. The papers now published 
show that the latter suspicion was unfounded, though they also 
show the extreme carelessness with which public accounts were 
kept in those days. As to the first charge, they bring forward the 
danger of overlooking the growth of a contraband trade between 
Spain and her possessions in the Netherlands carried on in French 
vessels. 

IV. 

The fourth subject, that of the extortion of 1 0,000 L from the 
East India Company, is admirably suited to illustrate Buckingham's 
high-handed proceedings. During the Duke's absence in Spain in 
1623 news arrived that the East India Company's ships had, in 
1622, taken Ormuz for the Shah of Persia from the Portuguese, 
and had taken some booty there. Upon this James sent for 
the deputy of the Company (p. 71) and advised them to make 
Buckingham a present. On this the Company (p. 73) offered 
2,OOOZ. Buckingham, on his return, seems to have thought this 
insufficient, as proceedings were commenced in the Court of Admi- 
ralty against the Company, with the object of showing (p. 73) that 
its ships had taken prizes of considerable value from the Portuguese, 
a tenth of all prizes being the perquisite of Buckingham as Lord 
Admiral. It was alleged (p. 83) that the prizes amounted to no 
less than 100,OOOZ., and the Lord Admiral's share would therefore 
amount to lO.OOOZ. 

The Company at once sought the opinion of Dr. Zouch and were 
advised by him (p. 85) that it was doubtful whether Buckingham 
could claim tenths unless he had issued letters of marque, which he 
had not done in this case. The Company after some delay thought 
it best to approach the Lord Admiral by petition showing him 
what their case was, instead of contending against him. Before, 



INTRODUCTION. Vll 

however, they had time to do this, Buckingham took an unexpected 
step. In the beginning of March, 1624, on occasion of a motion 
in Parliament for an embargo on ships ready to sail from the 
Thames, in order to make use of them if necessary in the threatened 
war with Spain, he ordered (p. 89) the stay of the East India ships 
in the river. That he might have a second string to his bow, he 
allowed (p. 90) the proceedings of the Court of Admiralty to go 
steadily on, where the King claimed 15,0002. from the Company 
(p. 115) on the ground that they had committed piracy in seizing 
Portuguese prizes. On March 22nd James demanded 10,0002. for 
Buckingham, and 10,0002. for himself (p. 116). On the 23rd, on 
the humble suit of the Company, the ships were allowed to sail. 
The King, however, continued (p. 118) to insist on 10,0002. apiece 
for himself and his favourite. In the end Buckingham got his 
10,0002., for which he gave an acquittance on April 28th, 1624. 
The greater part of the other 10,0002. was paid to the King on 
July 9th. 2,0002. was still outstanding (p. 137), but it was doubt- 
less paid soon after the peremptory demand made on July 15, with 
which this collection closes. 

V. 

The proposaHo supply English ships t.r> mak-p. gnnH the deficiencies 
of the French n.avyjirose out of the seizing by Soubise of French 
war ships in the harbour of Blavet, on January T 7 y, 1625. On 
January |f Louis XIII. applied to Buckingham (p. 141) for six or 
eight ships, some belonging to the King and others to English 
merchants. 

On January ^, the French Ambassador in England, the Marquis 
of Effiat, was able to report that Buckingham, who was at that time 
anxious to obtain French assistance for his continental designs, was 
prepared to grant the request. During, the next few days, the 



viii INTRODUCTION . 

assent of James was obtained, and the preparations pushed on. It 
was before long arranged that one ship of the Royal Navy should 
be lent to the King of France, and that seven merchant vessels 
should be hired to him for service against Soubise and the Huguenots. 
On March 25th, a contract (p. 158) was signed by Effiat, and the 
owners of the merchant ships in question. 

On May 8th, Buckingham signed a warrant (p. 174) to Captain 
Pennington, who commanded the Vanguard, and to the captains 
and masters of the seven merchant ships, directing them in the 
name of the new King, Charles I., to betake themselves " to such a 
port in the dominions of France as the Ambassador shall direct." 
On May 18, however, a letter from Sir John Coke, the chief 
personage amongst Navy Commissioners, informed Pennington 
(p. 176) that he was not to take part "in the civil wars of the 
French ... or against them of our religion in that kingdom or 
elsewhere." The explanation of this change of front was that 
Buckingham was now at Paris, where he arrived on May 14, and 
he was now resolved that there should be no real alliance between 
England and France, unless Louis consented to come to terms with 
the Huguenots. Though Buckingham got few concessions from 
Louis, he succeeded in persuading him to send a gentleman to 
Rochelle to invite the Huguenots to send deputies to treat for 
peace. Buckingham was all the more anxious to be spared the 
| unpopularity of employing the ships against the Huguenots, as a 
1 Parliament was impending, and as the captains, and probably the 
crews of the merchant-men, had shown great unwillingness to 
engage in the service. Besides, it was no longer possible in May, 
as it may have seemed possible in January, to cover a junction with 
a Roman Catholic enemy against his Protestant subjects with the 
blaze of military triumph in the Palatinate in conjunction with a 
French army. 



INTRODUCTION. IX 

Pennington was therefore directed to delay the surrender of the 
ships as long as possible, under the pretext of using them to convoy 
the Queen to England (p. 178, 180). He did not start from the 
the Downs till June 9th (p. 181), and reached Dieppe on the 13th 
(p. 182). At once a wrangle sprang up between him and the 
French authorities about the number of French to be received on 
board, and various other points came to be in dispute, of all of 
which Pennington made the most (p. 191). At last, at midnight, 
between the 26th and 27th, Pennington, under pretext that the 
weather was too bad for him to remain longer in Dieppe Roads, 
weighed anchor, and returned to England (p. 203). On the 28th, 
he informed Buckingham that he had come back because he had 
learnt (p. 204) that the French intended to use the ships against 
the Huguenots, to which, in accordance with his instructions, he 
could not yield. 

Charles and Buckingham were now in a difficulty. They must 
either offend the English Parliament or the King of France. Their 
only chance of escape lay in the possibility that the King of France 
would make peace with his Protestant subjects, and would thus have 
no further need of the English ships. The despatches of Lorkin, 
Charles's agent at the French Court, must have been anxiously 
expected. The one of June 28th at all events held out hopes of the 
satisfactory conclusion of the treaty. It was probably in conse- 
quence of the hopes thus raised that the Duke of Chevreuse, who was 
in England on a special mission, was able to write on July -f^ 
(p. 224) that Charles consented to allow the King of France to 
have complete mastery over the ships, and that Effiat was to go to 
Dieppe to take possession of them. An order to the effect that as 
many persons as the King of France chose were to be admitted on 
board was given by Conway on July 10th (p. 228), and on July 16th 
Buckingham added instructions to Pennington (p. 235) to return to 



x INTRODUCTION. 

Dieppe with all speed. Buckingham's secretary, Edward Nicholas, 
was to go to Dieppe to see Conway's order carried out (p. 235). 
On the 18th Pennington wrote to Buckingham from Stokes Bay 
(p. 242) that the crews of the merchant ships had mutinied, and 
had refused to sail till their captain's arrival, at the same time inti- 
mating his wish to be recalled rather than to be made a slave to the 
French. On the 20th, however, the Earl of Pembroke, who acted 
as a secret agent of Buckingham in the affair, sent a private 
message to Pennington (p. 249) to the effect that the King and 
Buckingham were very pleased with the news of the mutiny of the 
crews, and that he was to keep himself master of his own ship, and 
that if the French attempted to take possession of it " that then his 
men should take him prisoner and bring away the ship." 

On July 19th Pennington sailed for Dieppe with the Vanguard 
alone (p. 250). He arrived on the 21st (p. 252). For two or 
three days his correspondence with Nicholas (p. 252) shows him to 
have made constant difficulties, whilst Nicholas, as far as his letters 
went, was continually pressing him and the captains of the mer- 
chant ships, who arrived not long afterwards, to surrender their 
ships to the French: though, from the statements afterwards made 
by Nicholas (pp. 298, 301), it appears that he privately urged Pen- 
nington not to comply with the orders publicly given. Under 
these circumstances Pennington naturally found excuses for not 
complying with his orders, and on the 25th he once more sailed for 
England (p. 266). The merchant ships, however, remained at 
Dieppe, where their owners and captains kept up an altercation 
with the French authorities (p. 271). On July 28, it seemed as 
if these artificial delays had served their purpose. On that day 
Pembroke sent a message to Pennington assuring him that the 
King of France was about to declare war against Spain, and had 
actually made peace with his Protestant subjects. This message 



INTRODUCTION. XI 

was accompanied with express orders to Pennington from the King 
himself to deliver Jjj3_all the eight ships (p. 275), and Buckingham 
even went through the farce of assuring Pennington that the King 
was offended with him for the delay. Pennington accordingly 
returned once more to Dieppe. On August 5th an agreement was 
come to for the delivery of the merchant ships (p. 288), and on the 
same day Effiat gave his receipt for the surrender of the Vanguard 
(p. 289). 

Unluckily for Charles and Buckingham they had acted on 
insufficient information. Lorkin's despatch of August il shows 
(p. 292) that when the King's terms were being considered at 
Kochelle, and the townsmen, in assurance that peace was practically 
concluded, had come out to cut the corn, Marshal Toiras, the 
French commander, had fallen upon the harvesters, had killed many 
of them, and burned the crop. After this, all hope of peace was 
thrown aside, and the ships were taken by the French to serve 
against Kochelle. 

In 1626, Buckingham, whose underhand dealings were not known, 
was, as might have been expected, charged by the Commons with 
having all through the affair deliberately aimed at using English 
ships against French Protestants. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 
PART I. Documents relating to the Wardenship of the 

Cinque Ports . . . .1 

PART II. Documents relating to the neglect of the guard 

of the Narrow Seas .... 2 

PART III. Documents relating to the St. Peter of Havre- 

de-Grace ..... 18 
PART IV- Documents relating to the East India Company 71 
PART V. Documents relating to the loan of ships to the 

French . 139 



ERRATA. 

Page 139, line 2 from the bottom of the text, for "sort," read "fort." 
Pages 178 and 180, transpose Nos. 25 and 26. 



THE 

DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 



PART L DOCUMENTS RELATING TO ARTICLE III. 

[The third article of the Charge against the Duke alleged that in 
December 1624 he had bought the Wardenship of the Cinque 
Ports from Lord Zouch. Of the two documents which follow, the 
first is the agreement between the Duke and Lord Zouch; the 
second, the argument in favour of the amalgamation of the offices, 
prepared in 1626 as an answer to the charge.] 



1. The Agreement betweene the Duke of Buckingham and my Lord 
[Zouch] for the place of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports. 

[S. P. Dom. James I. clxx. 16.] 

An Agreement made the seventeenth day of July, 1624, Betweene 1624, July 17. 
the Right Honorable George, Duke of Buckingham, Lord Admirall 
of England, and the Right Honorable Edward, Lord Zouche, Lord 
Warden of the Cinque Portes, both of them of his Majestes most 
honorable Privy Counsell. 

Inprimis, it is agreed, that if the Lord Zouche shall surrender 
the pattent of the Cinque Portes to Geo. Duke of Buckingham att 
Michaelmas next after the date hereof, then he shall receave a 

CAMD. SOC. B 



2 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

thousand pounds in reddy monny of the said Lord D. of Bucking- 
ham, and five hundred pounds a yeare by equall porcions during 
the Lord Zouches naturall liefe : that is to say, two hundred and 
fifty poundes att our Lady Day next, and two hundred and fifty 
pounds att Michaelmas after, and soe duly to be paid during the 
Lord Zouches naturall lief, for security thereof the Lord of Bucking- 
ham is content to tye land, or any other security shalbe requyred. 

Item all monneyes, places, and casualties whatsoever happening, 
growing or dew betweene this and Michaelmas, to be accounted for 
the Lord Zouche, and all after Michaelmas happening or growing 
to be accompted to Geo. Duke cf Buckingham till this agreement 
be perfectly finished. 

Item it is agreed (in respect of true and faithful! service doune to 
the Lord Zouche) that Marshe, the Clerck of the Castle, shall hould 
his place; Fulnetby, Serjaunt of the Admiralty, shall hould his 
place ; and Captayne Hill, Muster Master, shall hould his place, 
during their naturall lives, if they carry themselves justly and truly, 
or that Geo. Duke of Buckingham shall not otherwise preferre them 
or give them content. 

Item it is agreed that Sir Henry Maynwaring shall have noe 
place or commaund in the Cinque Fortes during the D. of Bucking- 
ham's tyme in respect of his ungratefull labouring the Lo. Zouches 
disgrace both att the Court and Parliament, and threatening of 
revenge on those poore men who did certifie truthes of his mis- 
demeanors. 

Item that the D. of Buckingham doth take this voluntary sur- 
render of the Cinque Fortes from the Lord Zouche as a favor doune 
to him and doth promise ever to acknowledge it, both in freindshipp 
and reddynes to second any suyte of the Lord Zouches to his 
Majestic for his many true and faithfull services doune to the King 
and State. 

Vera Copia. 



WARDENSHIP OF THE CINQUE PORTS. 3 

2. Argument in favour of the amalgamation of the offices of Lord 
High Admiral and Warden of the Cinque Ports. 

[S. P. Dom. Eliz. ccxxxvii. 12.] 

That it is most convenient and necessarie for the good of mar- 1626. 
chantes and seamen tradinge throughe the Narrowe Seas, also for 
the Inhabitantes of the Cinque Ports, and most especially of impor- 
tant consequence for the affaires of State and securitie of His 
Majestes shipps to have the offices of Lord Admirall of England 
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports executed by one and the 
same person. 

The Lord Admirall of England claimes Admirall jurisdiccion 
upon the Narrowe Seas unquestionable, savinge that some privatt 
libertie of Townes or other pretend to have Admirall jurisdiccion as 
far as lowe water marke, and some soe far into the sea as they may 
ride in with a horse and reach with a lance on horse backe, and 
thus much the Lord Admirall thinkes to be Lord Wardens right 
and noe more. 

The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports claimes Admirall j uris- 
diccion and all flotesomes, wrackes, &c., to belonge to him from 
Shooe-beacon in Essex to the Red Noore in Sussex, halfe seas over, 
and denies that the Lord Admirall hath anie power to exercise 
Admirall jurisdiccion in his lymitt, but that which all his Officers 
doe by vertue of his warrants is injurous and encroachment uppon 
the Lord Warden right and priviledg. 

Which difference breedes these inconveniences. 

I. First, if anie man seize or take anie wracke, sweepe for 
anchors, dredge for cables, way ordnance, or the ike, &c., in the 
right of the Lord Admirall (within the distance aforesaid), the 
Lord Warden doth attache, imprison, and fine him, if he catch him 
within the liberties of the Cinque Ports. Sir Edw. Burton per- 
formeinge the like service for the Lord Admirall, being a neighbor 



4 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

and joyninge upon the Porte, was forced for many yeeres to forbeare 
to come within their liberties, for feare of the Lord Wardens 
warrants. If they whoe are droyte gatherers in the right of the 
Lord Admirall neglecte the service they are punished by the 
Admirall. 

2. The Marchantes and Owners of anie wrackt goodes (if anie 
proprieters doe appeare), are put to great charge and losse, or if 
some parte be the Lord Admiralls Officers and some by the Lord 
Wardens ; or if both doe seize upon the same thinges, the Pro- 
prieters are putt to sue in both Courts; that is the Courte of 
Admiraltie here att London and in the Courte of Admiralty at 
Dover : soe each Courte standinge upon their prerogatives, the one 
in the right of the Lord Admirall, the other in the right of the 
Lord Warden. The sute proves tedious and chargeable to those 
who followe it, whoe at last are constrained to compound with 
both. 

3. The Cinque Ports, which by ancient priviledges ought not to 
have anie men prest out of their shipps for the Kings service, are 
much prejudiced by this difference, for the Lord Admirall Officers 
opposeinge the priviledge of the Portes doe press them into the 
Kings shippes, and yet the Portsmen are also made subjecte to 
furnishe soe manie men out of everie Towne as the generall press 
doe charge them with, which is commonly more then they canne 
well beare, the mistakeinge beinge only this, that it is intended 
they are not pressed else where. 

4. When some shippes have bene in greate distresse upon the 
good wind, which might have be[en] releeved by the Portsmen, 
they have forborne to go with their boates least the Kinges shipps 
should comaund them aboard and take the goodes out of their 
possession after they had indured the hazard of savinge them, by 
which occasion some shippes have perrisht and others have escaped 
hardlie. 

5. Yf the Maior or Officers of the Ports refuse the Lord 



WARDENSHIP OF THE CINQUE PORTS. 5 

Admiralls warrant, they are complained by a the Lord Admirall and 
punished here ; if they obey the Lord Admiralls Warrant, they are 
punished by the Lord Warden for giveinge waie to anie encroach- 
ment or intrucion into his jurisdiccion. 

6. The Lord Admirall hath noe right to give power or warrant 
to the Captaines of the Kings shipps to presse anie man within the 
Ports (neither would it be obeyed if he should). And therefore if 
the Kings shippes be in anie distresse of weather for lacke of men, 
or have anie suddaine occasion to use men, they canne comaund 
none from the shoare, which is a mightie prejudice to the Kings 
service, and would be more in this time of warr, the common 
randevowe of the Kings shipps beinge in the Downes (which is 
within the liberties of the Ports), and beinge neerest adjoyninge to 
Dunkerke and the Enemyes coast. 

7. Yf for the Kings service there be a warrant directed to the 
Lord Warden, or his lieutennante, to press a fitt shippe within his 
jurisdiccion, and his Officers finde anie in the Koades, the Masters 
will seldome obey, but alleadge that they are out of the Lord 
Wardens jurisdiccion ; if the Lord Admirall Officers doe the like, 
unless the Kings shipps be in sight to comaunde him, the Masters 
will answere that they are within the Lord Wardens jurisdiccion, 
and soe b the Kinges service is manie times left undoune. 

8. There is such emulacion and difference betweene the Lord 
Admiralls Offycers and the Lord Wardens that if anie of the Kings 
shipps men come a shoare and refuse to returne aboarde, the Lord 
Wardens Officers will not assist the Captaines without order from 
the Lord Warden or his lieutennante. 

9. If the Kings shipps have anie extraordinarie sodaine occasion 
to use anie pylottes for the Sandes or the Coastes of Flanders or 
the like, where the Portsmen are most experienced, they cannot 
have anie without speciall warrant from the Lord Warden or his 
lieutenante. 

by by, in MS. b and soe and soe, in MS. 



6 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

10. There happens manie sudden and greate occasions for the 
State, wherein bothe the Lord Wardens and the Lord Admiralls 
authority es must be joyntly used, and if one be in one place and 
thother in an other, or if the Ministers of State doe misdireote their 
warrants, as not precisely understandinge their a lymittes of cithers 
jurisdiccion, as many times it happeneth, the businesses have bene 
left undone, or not soe redyly performed as is fitt, and this I have 
knowne to happen many times. 

For these reasons and inconveniencies tis fitt to have both places 
united by execucion of one person, whereby all these mischiefs are 
att once prevented. 

It may be alleadged that these two offices are to intricatt and full 
of busines for one man to execute. 

'Tis as easie for the Lord Admirall to comprehend the Admir- 
altie busines of the Ports which extende in length not above 60 
myles, as well as the Admiraltie causes of all the rest of the King- 
dome besides. And for the Lord Wardens Jurisdiccion by land 
the bounds are but small and narrowe, and generally the causes of 
not soe greate importance as that they meritt the attendance of 
anie greate person, but may verie well be discharged by a lieuten- 
nant (as ever hath been) to the contente of thinhabitantes, if he 
carrie himselfe discreetlie and temperatelie amongst them. And 
further the Ports held themselves rather burthened then eased by 
the last Lord Wardens residence there. 

'Tis not agreeable with discretion of State to intrust two offices 
of soe greate importance in anie one subjectes hands as the Ad- 
mirall comaundinge all the shipps of the kingdome and the Lord 
Warden (as they commonly terme it) keepe the keyes of the 
kingdome. 

For the person of him who doth nowe enjoy both places I think 

x>rdD. of env J and malice armed with their sharpest dartes canne hardly 

Juckingham. throwe the least collor of suspiccion upon his fidelitie, which he 

hath given so good testimony of by his personall attendance and 

his carriage with the King in Spaine. 

* Sic. 



WAKDEN8HIP OF THE CINQUE PORTS. 7 

1. First, whereof also the malice wherewith the Spanish Am- 
bassador did demaunde his heade of the late Kinge doth give a 
more stronge assureance. 

2. Secondly, if the shippinge of the kingdome be the walls 
thereof (as they are most truly reputed to be) , and that it be in 
the power of the Lord Admirall to surrender or betray the ship- 
pinge to a foraigne enemy, what importes it who keepe the gates 
(as the Fortes are figuratively but falsely reputed), for that it is 
well knowne to men of judgment, that if an enemy had power to 
master us att sea, there are fair more convenient places to land in 
for his approaches in the kingdome. 

3. Thirdly, the Fortes of themselves are not able to keepe out an 
enemy, but the country which is under the Lord Lieutennantes 
Government must defende the Fortes, and therefore the trust is not 
soe greate as it is imagined to be. 

4. Fourthly, amongst the Fortes there is not anie harbor able to 
receive any greate shippinge whereby an enemy, though he gained 
the place, could secure his shipps, and therefore the place is not of 
such infinite consequence as 'tis comonly reputed. 

The Parliament conceives it to be a grievance that one man Objection], 
should have both those places in execucion. 

Griefe is a passion of the minde caused by a lively sence of some An[swer]. 
ill or mischiefe ; but neither the Fortes complaine nor the Ad- 
miraltie of England of anie inconvenience, want of good adrainis- 
tracion of justice or direction for the execucion of their affaires ; and 
why shall then the whole body take that for a greevance, which the 
particuler members whome it concerneth neither feeles nor com- 
plaine of ? 

Looke into presidentes of former Lord \Vardens and you shall 
hardly finde anie but had other offices annexed to him, and such as 
are not soe compatible and facily to be executed by the same 
person; (viz.) Lord Treasurer of England and the like: the Lord 
Presidentes whereof I gave longe since to my Lord Duke. 



8 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM S IMPEACHMENT. 

The office of Lord Warden is of small profitt, and to anie who 
shall live here would be a charge rather then a benefitt to him, 
which being (as 'tis reputed) an office of soe [great] trust, is fittest 
to be imported to some man of eminent greatness, but what such 
person will accepte this for a favor or reward of his service from the 
King and be debarred the enjoyeinge anie other office which may 
be beneficial to him ; and if anie other may be joyned with it in 
the execucion of one person, the office of Admiraltie is fittest for 
the reasons aforesaid ; besides that, if the Lord Admirall have 
occasion to attend the gardeing of the Coasts in person the Cinque 
Fortes are the fittest place of his residence for him where he may 
att one instant oversee and discharge them both, and either place 
be more exactly governed by his united power. 



GUARD OF THE SEAS. 



PART II. DOCUMENTS RELATING TO ARTICLE IV. 

[In the fourth article Buckingham was charged with neglecting 
the guard of the seas. Sir Francis Stewart, whose account of the 
state of affairs is here given, was employed by the Duke in the 
summer of 1625 to protect English commerce in the Channel. A 
comment upon some of his complaints appears in the annexed letter 
of Sir John Coke, who was practically the manager of the navy 
under Buckingham.] 

1. Sir Francis Stewart to the Duke of Buckingham. 
[S. P. Dom. Charles I. v. 49.] 

My most honored Lord, 1625) Aug . 

I am much greived that theis Westerne gent, and merchantes 
should informe your Grace that I have given them no helpe since 
my coming hither for securing theis coastes. If their complaintes 
were just and that I should so abuse the truste your Grace hath 
committed unto mee, I should judge myselfe fitter for Wapping* 
then to command the meanest shipp in the fleet. After I hadd run 
upp the channell with such shippes as accompanied mee from the 
Downes and mett with many homewards bound, some from the 
Southwards, some from the Frenche coaste, some from Ireland, and 
some from out the Severne, who assured us the coaste was cleere of 
Sally b men and other piratts, the weather beeing thicke and 
hawsey, the winde highe and in our teethe, wee were forced backe 
into Plymouthe, where wee tooke in victualls, I beeing then come 
to our iron bound caske, the last refuge in a long voiage. Upon 
the first rumor of the retorne of the Turkes, as soone as any of our 
shippes would either saile, warpe, or to we out of Cattwater I sent 

Where pirates were hanged. b Salee. 

CAMD. SOC. C 



10 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

to sea Captaine Boteler in the Jonathan with foure more of the 
nimblest Newcastle men* in this Fleet, who after ten dayes unpro- 
fitable and dangerous wallowing against winde and weather were 
forced' by stresse into Falmouthe and after into Plymouthe. They 
gave chase to six sayle of Turkes, who goeing two foote for one 
faster then our shippes their hulls were layed in one watche. The 
same daye that Capt. Boteler came in Captaine Edward Harvy in 
the Eoyall Exchange, Capt. Mervyn Burleighe in the Mary Con- 
stance, and three Newcastle men more putt to sea, but with little 
better fortune, for two of them are beaten backe with fowle weather 
into the Sounde, the Mary Constance with such defects as may 
appeare by "an inclosed certificat under her Captaines and Masters 
hands and one other Newcastle man with him. Captaine Bond is 
ready in the Saphire with six shippes more with the first faire winde 
to sett to sea, who is to joyne with Captaine Harvye and to ply 
betwixt Ushant and Cape Cleere, but that they shall meet with this 
fleet in the Sleeve b I cannot warrant, thoughe I have given them 
such order, according to your Graces direccons. In leiwe of those 
gent, and merchants complaynt who came upp to Parliament I 
hadd presented them with an humble petition that they would have 
procured an Acte that wee might have faire windes at pleasure to 
performe their service, but that I doubted they would hardly -find 
any president for it. 

The Lion hath been divers tymes loose since taking in of our 
victualls to putt to sea, but the winde hath ever been so contrary or 
blowen so highe that wee could not saile, and durst not warpe or 
towe a shipp of her lengthe out of this narrowe gutt the Catt 
Water. Many of our men are fallen suddenly sicke in my opinion 
for want of clothes and vineger to washe between deckes, and most 
of them of late since shee sprung new leakes never suspected before ; 
for, after wee hadd taken most of our victualls on board, shee made 

a Newcastle coal-ships pressed into the King's service. 
b The Channel, La Manche. , 



GUARD OP THE SEAS. 11 

in six howres three foote six inches in howld ; whereupon I have 
caused all her ordinance, victualls, and sea stores saving her lower 
tyre of beere (which for endangering of the caske I dare not 
venter on but upon meere necessity) to bee taken out of her, and yet 
is shee still a very leaky shipp. Further then to see her safe I 
dare not meddle, untill I receave your Graces commands, which I 
beseech you to hasten. As for my private greife in the Nonsuch 
heretofore upon the like occasion, and now in the Lyon, I will not 
trouble your G-race. But this is too ordinary a desease of the old 
shippes, which, if it bee not cured by your speciall care, may bring 
with it, besides dishonor, the losse both of the shippes and the men 
that sayle them. The Raynebowe, who hath been also leakey, will 
bee shortly ready ; but beeing a shipp of so greate importance, I 
would willingly knowe your Graces pleasure whether you would 
have her putt to sea or not against theis Picarroones of Sallye, who 
as long as they are supplyed by the Flemishe Freebooters with 
men, munition, victualls, and all manner of sea stores (most wherof 
they have from our shoare, and therwithall barter with those In- 
fidells for the Englishe and other Christians goods). And that onr 
Newfoundland fleete, consisting of 300 saile or neere upon, as I am 
informed, will not arme themselves for their defence, choose but 
some few of their best shippes and fitting them accordingly to 
attend and wafte them, nor appointe a certaine tyme and rendes- 
vous when and where to meete, and so proceed securely on their 
voiage, as other nations doe, but goe scattering both outwards and 
homewards-bound by twoes and threes and single to make the best 
of their markett as they terme it. Theis Picaroones I say will ever 
lye hankering upon our coaste, and the State will finde it both 
chargeable and difficult to cleere it or secure the Newfoundland 
fishermen from them, unlesse it bee directly resolved to sacke Salley, 
a secure way if easy to bee performed, as some report it is that are 
lately come from thence. In the meane tyme whilst they are sicke 
of this pannick feare (an uncureable disease in a multitude till thev 
see the event) your Grace must expect many complayntes ; but by 



12 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

Gods helpe, as neere as I can in this perticular emploment wherwith 
your Grace hath honored mee, there shall bee noe just cause. As 
for Monsieur de Soubize his carriage and those of Eochell, wher- 
upon it would bee necessary your Grace caste your eye, I humbly 
referre you to theis inclosed examinacons of the Englishe, and theis 
notes under his Captaines owne hands, for feare of troubling you 
with too much letter. So with the best thanckes an honest heart 
can retorne for your Graces many and great favors, and with my 
earnest prayers to the Almighty for your healthe and happines, I 
kisse your hands. 

Your vowed servant, my most honored Lord, theis come from. 

FRANC. STEWART. 

On board the Lion, 
16 August, 1625. 

2. Inclosure in No. 1. 
[S. P. Dom. Charles I, v. 49, iii.J 

1625, Aug. 13. The Examinacion and Informacon of Richard Malyn, Master of 
the Amity of Ipswich, given this 13th day of August, 1625. 

He saith that in the Harbore of Famouth he mett with the 
Master of a shipp belonging to Sir Wm. Hull, of Ireland, that latly 
came from Eochell, who complained unto this Exam* that being 
neere the said Towne with his shipp divers of Mons. de Soubizes 
his Souldiers came aboord him, tooke foorth of his Shipp five 
peeces of Ordinance and foure Murderers, with all his amunition on 
board him, thereunto belonging, And with unmercyfull beating of 
the men belonging to the said Shippe constrained them to hoise out 
theire Ordinance themselves. By reason of this barbarous usage 
and want of his Ordinance, the said Master tould this Exam* that 
being homeward bound for Ireland, somewhat of Ushant, a small 
Turke of Sally, full of men, boorded him, and for want of the 
munition so taken from him. tooke him, made spoyle of his goodes, 
and caryed 13 men and boyes out of him to the great damage of 



GUARD OF THE SEAS. 13 

the Owner, Sir Wm. Hull, and the utter undoeing of the poore 
Master, besides the Slavery of so manny Christianes. The said 
Master also tould this Emam* that the Frenchmen of Rochell made 
him answere when he demanded restitucion for his Ordinance that 
he should be -paid for them when the warres were ended. This 
Examinant likewise saith that the above saide Master so taken 
reported unto him that the Turkes kept a Servant of Sir Wm. 
Hulls, being the Marckant on board with them, untill hee hath paid 
a great somme for the ransome of 4 men sent home in the Shipp, 
who otherwise had bine carryed to Sally, and the shipp suncke. 

RICHARD MALIN. 



3. Inclosure in No. 1. 
[S. P. Com. Charles I. T. 49, ii.] 

The Examinacion of Robert Cornish, Master of the Mary and 1625, Aug. 13. 
Anne of Plymouth, taken the 13th of August, 1625, by Sir 
Frances Steuart on boarde the Red Lion in Catwater. 

Who saith that the 1 2th day of July laste, he beeinge at Rochell 
in his said shipp about 12 aclocke at night, fortie souldiers of 
Rochell came armed aboord him with Pistolls, Swords, and bills, 
and most barberously fell a beating this examin t8 men ; tooke from 
them their Clothes and foure peeces of Ordinance out of the shipp, 
with powder and such other things as are in this annexed noate 
inserted. This the Souldiers answered this Examinant that that 
they did was by vertue of a Commission from Mons. de Soubize, 
who gave this Examinant (the next day when he besought him for 
reparacion) this answere from his owne mouth, that if it were to his 
father or brother he would doe the like. This Exam 1 further saith 
that there are staied by violence in Rochell one shipp of London, 
two of Bristowe, one of Yarmouth, and a Scottsman, all these 
shipps being of good burthen and full of Ordinance. Hee also saith 
that theire men are sett on shore without any provision for foode or 



14 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

mounyes to buy any, or to cary them home, but are like to starve 

there if God provide not the better for them. 

ROBERT CORNISH. 

4. Inclosure in No. 1. 
[S. P. Dom. Charles I. v. 49, i.] 

1625, Aug. 15. The informacions of Captaine Mervin Burleighe and Mr. John 
Emins, the Captain and Master of the Mary Constance, given the 
15th August, 1625, concerning the state of the said shipp. 

They affirme that beeing comanded to putt to Sea in the com- 
pany of the Eoyall Exchange, and three Newcastle men more, were 
driven backe againe with one of those shipps by stresse of weather 
and contrary windes, betwixt the N. west and S. west, into the 
sound of Plymouthe, and that there beere caske in reguard they 
have been so long on board many of them fly on peeces, so that 
they pumpe cleere beere, and therfore cannot suddenly putt to sea 

till the same bee helped. 

MERVIN BURLEY. 

JOHN HEAMAN. 

5. Sir John Coke to the Duke of Buckingham. 

[S. P. Dom. Charles I. v. 77.] 
1625, Aug. 25. Right honorable, 

By a letter from Sir Francis Stewart, I understand that a leake 
is sprung in the Lion at the instant when shee should have gone to 
gward the coast from the pirats. But what order hee hath taken to 
supplie that service according to your Graces late instructions hee 
writeth not a woord. Yet I dare not thinck that either unwilling- 
ness to that service, or desire of a greater ship, occasioned this 
mischance, thowgh I cannot but mervel that coming so lately out 
of the dock, and having been about three moneths at sea, and a 
former leake stopped, shee should thus suddenly prove defective. I 
have therefore required Mr. Burrel to send presently to Plimouth 
an hable Master shipwright to survey that and other ships, and to 



GUAKD OF THE SEAS. 15 

repare what is amiss, and to give true information wher the fault is 
to bee laid. In the same letter Sir Francis also complaineth that 
no apparel is cum downe, and that they want vineger. To which 
I answer that both are provided and sent about by the ships which 
are lately gone for Portsmouth, and that it was not intended to 
cloth the marinars in harborowgh to make them handsome to runne 
away, nor that the vineger should be spent before the Land-men 
cam aboorde, a and when the numbers might cawse infection in the 
ships. Further, hee writeth of want of chirurgeans and pursers, 
and of rotten bread and il beere, but nameth not the ships wher theis 
defects are fownd, nor the quantities or other circumstances wherby 
the faults may bee known and amended. And your Grace may bee 
pleased to consider that in so great a preparation and quantitie it 
wil not bee possible to have al without exception, seing no man in 
his own howse can bee so provident that no parcel of il bread or il 
beere may bee fownd. Yet if the quantitie bee smale to raise 
theruppon an indefinite clamour is prejudicial to the service. And 
if it bee great the Officers of everie ship owght to certifie it under 
their hands, that order theruppon may bee taken for supplie. But 
this wee find too common ; that al are readie verbally to find fault, 
but none to informe us what or how to reforrne. Your Grace ther- 
fore may bee pleased for prevention both of clamor and danger in 
the fleet to give direction by letters to your Lieutenant and some 
principal Commanders to make choise of a number of hable and 
honest masters, and botswains, and quarter masters, to survey the 
victuals and provisions of everie shippe in presence of the Maior 
of Plimouth and of Mr. Jeams Bagge, and the Pursers on the 
Victualers behalf, and theruppon to certifie under their hands the 
true defects, and accordingly give order for supplie to bee made as 
Mr. Lieutenant hath directed ; and to this end I have again pressed 
Mr. Lieutenant (as I have hertofore moved your Grace uppon his 
own intreatie) that hee would himself go to Plimouth, becawse 

For the expedition to Cadiz. 



16 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

otherwise hee can not possibly satisfie clamor, nor provide for fit 
supplies. Besides, it much concerneth the service that hee send a 
sufficient Deputie along with the Fleete. For without a victualer 
the arraie can not march, nor anie supplies bee sent aboord the 
ships, nor anie victuals taken from the enimie bee orderly preserved 
and disposed. This was doune in former voyages ; in some of 
which himself and Sir Marmaduke Darrel went in person. I have 
therefore intreated him to send an hable man, wherof hee wil bee 
more careful if it may please Your Grace to require it at his 
hands. 

For the careages to bee provided for the three sorts at the Downs 
with the monies disbursed by your Grace to Captain Christian, wee 
have by Mr. Burrel taken such order as is required ; And I have 
written to the Officers of the Ordinance both for their assistance 
herin and also to supplie those places with fit proportions of powder 
and munition when the ordinance shal bee mounted. I have also 
written to Mr. Evelin to proceed in making powder hi as great 
quantities as hee can, assuring him that your Grace wil move the 
Lord Treasurer for his monies, that the land may not bee unfurnisht 
of so necessarie a provision at this time. But besids the three forts 
above mentioned, ther is a place which I conceave to bee of greater 
importance, and in more danger to bee surprised, namely, Harwich, 
wher 1 understand al the ordinaunce is dismounted, the platforms 
decayed, and the forts abandoned, so as a few Dunckers may with- 
out interruption enter that harborowgh, and first burn 50 or 60 saile 
of Newcastle ships, which ther are laid up, and then landing a few 
men may burn that ritch town and go on to Ipswich, if some 
present care bee not taken for the gward of that place. This place 
then above others must bee considered of. And if the hast wil not 
effect the ordinarie slow proceeding in the Office of the Ordinance, 
if 300t may bee allowed, Mr. Burrel wil go thither, and with the 
help and assistance of the cheef Magistrats of that place wil set 
forward the woorke: and if the Officers of the Ordinance (to whom 
I have written to that end) wil undertake the business, it shal forth- 



GUARD OF THE SEAS. 17 

with bee delivered into their hands, or els proceeded in as your 
Grace shal direct. My only indevor is to neglect nothing wherin 
I may do his Majeste anie service, and wherby I may express 
that I am 

Your Graces 

most obedient Servant, 

JOHN COKE. 

Tottenham, 

25 August, 1625. 



CAMD. SOC. 



18 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 



PAKT III. DOCUMENTS RELATING TO ARTICLE V. 

[The fifth article of the Duke's impeachment alleged that a 
French ship^ the St. Peter, of Newhaven, or Havre de Grace, was 
brought into Plymouth about Michaelmas 1625, England being at 
that time in peace with France, " upon probabilities that the said 
ship or goods belonged to the subjects of the King of Spain." It 
was further alleged that goods to the value of 20,OOOZ. were taken 
out of her and delivered to the Duke's servant, Gerald Marsh ; that 
the ship and the residue of its cargo was brought up to the Thames ; 
that, two English merchant ships having been arrested on reprisal at 
Havre de Grace, English merchants trading with France petitioned 
the Privy Council, in consequence of which, on December 28, 1625, 
orders were given by Sir John Coke, the Secretary of State, to dis- 
charge the ship and goods; that, in consequence it was decreed on 
January 26, 162f , with the consent of the King's Advocate, that 
both ship and goods, with the exception of a few parcels named, 
should be released; but that the Duke, in spite of this decree, not 
only retained for his own use the gold, silver, &c., i.e. the goods to 
the value of 20,000?. which had first been taken out of the ship, 
but had on February 6, I62f , ordered a fresh detention of the ship 
without any fresh evidence or any legal proceeding. 

The documents here given will afford a test of the accuracy of 
these statements. 

It will be seen that the point at issue from the beginning was 
whether the goods were really to be conveyed from Spain to the 
Spanish Netherlands. It will also appear by No. 2 that the value 
of 20,000?., or rather (No. 25) 9,OOOZ. or 10,000?. was taken, not 
for Buckingham's private purse, but for the King. Of the re- 
seisure on February 6 I have no documentary evidence to offer. 
The Duke, in his answer to the impeachment (Rushw. i. 383), 



THE ST, PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 19 

stated that he had received fresh information that the goods in the 
ship were Spanish, and finding that this evidence was insufficient he 
gave final orders to liberate the ship.] 



1. The Examination of Capt. John Malo, Capt. of the St. Peter of 
Harbor de Grace, of burden 90 ton. 

[S. P. Dom. Charles I. vi. 120.] 

Hee saies hee putt to sea from Harbor de Grace the 26 th of Aprill 1625 > Se P*- 29 - 
laste, laden with sicers, knives, roan clothe, and other small comodi- 
ties, some rapier blades, ,&c. ; hee arrived in St. Lucars within three 
weekes after hee putt from Harbour de Grace. Hee saies his Mer- 
chants outwards bounde were Mons. Henry Cavalier, Mons. John 
Paparan, and Mons. Tho: Fowell. Hee saies his shipp and goodes 
were imbarqued at St. Lucars, but discharged (as hee saies) by the 
King of. Spaine upon their putting in of caution by Englishe, by 
Spanishe, and by Flemings that were their friendes. The condicion 
of the caution is that in respect the two Kinges of France and 
Spaine knowe not as yet whether they shall have warres or not, 
they take security that if warres fall out between them, that then 
they shall paye so much to the King of Spaine as the goodes are 
woorthe ; if noe warres then the caution is discharged. Hee saies 
that his Merchants to whom his goodes were first consigned unto at 
St. Lucars were Peter le Farishe, Mons. Nicholas Blundell, and 
Lanfrancke David, which were Frenchmen. Hee saieth hee hadd 
goodes also consigned to Flemings. Hee confesseth hee heard of the 
embarque before, but would not beleeve it. Hee came from St. 
Lucars the 29 th of August last, and sayes that the same Merchants 
to whom his goodes were consigned reladed him. His lading home- 
ward bound was 8 great packes of wool, 3 small packes of wool, 
2,000 West Indian hides, of which 700 were his owne, 8 balles of 
Sarsaparill, 4 Searnes of Cana fista, a drugg, 32 or 33 barrells of 
Cochaneele, 14 or 16 barrells of tobacco, 8 of them his owne, 23 



20 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

bales of Ginger, 500 peeces of Campeaohe wood of Brasill, 32 bagges 
M dm He con- great and small of gold and silver, whereof 25 bagges in silver and 
fesseth that 2 o f p j ate wag ta k en ou t by warrant by Sir Samuell Argall, 

bagges of gold f J ,-,-, T\ n 

of the 32 he Mr. Nicholas, &c. 2 boxes of Alcumy gold de groine Dores, 3 cases 

of bottells of Orenge flower and Rose water, 1 bottle of blacke 



bee account- balsamum, a box of candied orange flowers, two boxes of Emerades 
in a barell of Cochanelle, one box of Emerades more hidden by his 
Master, 15 Musketts. 

JOHN MAILEU. 

[Sept. 29, 1625.] 



2. Warrant to the Commissioners for the Prizes brought from 

Plymouth. 

[S. P. Dom. Charles I. i. 90, 1625, Nov. 5.] 

Charles R. 

Charles, by the grace of God, &c. To our trustie and wel- 
beloved Sir Allen Apsley, Knight, Lieutenant of our Tower and 
Surveyor Generall of our maryne victualls, Sir John Wolstenholme 
and Sir Robert Pye, Knights, and the rest of the Commissioners 
for the Prizes sent from Plymouth and to all and every of them 
greeting. Whereas wee have given order for the delivery of the 
somme of seaventy thowsand poundes to our trustie and welbeloved 
Phillip Burlamachi, merchant, to bee made over by him by bills of 
exchange into the Lowe Countries for our speciall and waighty 
affaires. Wee will and commaunde you of such monies as shall 
arrise and growe due to us by the sale of such goodes as were lately 
brought in by prizes from Plymouth forthwith to paie or cause to 
bee paid to the said Phillip Burlamachi or hie Assignes the somme 
of twentie thousand poundes in present money and in parte of 
payment of the said somme of seaventy thowsande poundes to be 
imployed by him in the service aforesaid. And theis our lettres, 
together with the acquittance of the said Burlamachi, shalbe unto 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 21 

you and every of you sufficient warrant and dischardge in this 
behalf. Given, &c. 

This conteyneth Your Majestes Warrant to passe the Privy Seale 
to Sir Allen Apsley, Sir John Wolstenholme, Sir Robert Pye, and 
other the Commissioners for the Prizes brought from Plymouth to 
pay unto Phillip Burlamachi the somme of 20,000 to be imployed 
for Your Majestes speciall affaires in the Lowe Countries, and is in 
parte of the somme of 70,000 to be imployed for the service afore- 
said, and is donne by order of the Lord Con way. 

WlNDEBANK. 

[Indorsed] 
November, 1625. 

Exp[editn]r apud honor: de Hampton Court 
qninte die Novembris A R K Carol! primo. 

WlNDEBANK. 

3. Minute of a Letter from Lord Conway* to Sir Henry Marten. b 
[S. P. Dom. James I. ccxyiii. 234.] 

Acquaintinge him with the instances made by the Ambassadors 1625, NOT. 7. 
of France and the Lowe Countries for the shipps stayed here and 
prayinge him to send such reasons as may bee given to the Ambas- 
sadors for present answeare. 

4. Sir Henry Marten to Lord Conway. 
[S. P. Dom. Charles I. ix. 32.] 

My humble duty remembred to your Lordship 1625, Nov. 8. 

1 receaved your lettre by this bearer, whereby I understand 
that the Ambassadors of Fraunce and the Low Countries are 
earnest to make stay of the present dispose of the Prizes, and indeed . 
the like suite is made by some of his Majesties owne subjects (as I 
heare) for some goods whereunto they pretend. 

a Secretary of State. b Judge of the Court of Admiralty. 



22 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM^ IMPEACHMENT. 

For my part I can professe to know noe other disposition yet 
intended, but that all the goods should be landed, inventaried, and 
praised, and on Satterday next a all who pretend to any of those 
shipps or goods to appear and propound theire claimes at Mayden- 
heads in Court to be holden there. For the rest I shall so proceed 
as not justlie -to be taxed for any unnecessary delay or unfitting 
hast. As for the reasons and proofes how those became good prizes 
the busines is not yet arived to that ripenes before me as that I 
should be able either to satisfie your Lordship or myselfe therein ; 
but since the receite of your Lordships lettre I spake with Mr, 
Wyan, who is Proctor in those causes for his Majestic and the Lord 
Admirall, to whom Mr. Secretary Cook hath delivered all such 
examinations which he hath, and he seemeth to conceive good hope 
to make sufficient justification for his Majesties interest, &c., in a 
great part of theise prizes, provided that the Frenche Embassador 
be not over eager in behalfe of some Callico Marchants, Spanishe 
and Flanders factors, who, haveinge been borne and brought up 
subjects to the King of Spayne, have since the end of the last truce 
betweene the King of Spayne and the United Provinces removed 
theire habitations to Callice, with purpose only to accomodate and 
advaunce the trade betweene Spayne and Flaunders. 

Better or fuller advertisement for the present I cannot yield 
your Lordship, and therefore I humbly take my leave, and rest 
Your Lordships most humbly to be commanded, 

HENRY MARTEN. 

Bray, this 8 th of 
9 ber , 1625. 

5. Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 

[P. R. O. Admiralty Court, Book of Acts No. 159.] 

. (525, Dec. i. Crastino die Juridico post festum sive diem Sancti Andree 
Apostoli die Jovis primo viz* die mensis Decembris Anno Domini 
Millesimo sexcentesimo vicesimo quinto. Coram venerabili viro Wil- 

Nov. 12. 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 23 

lielmo Saumares Legum Doctore Surrogate venerabilis et egregii 
viri Domini Henrici Marten Militis et Legum Doctoris Supreme 
Curie Admiralitatis Judicis sive Presidentis. In Aula Collegii 
Dominorum Advocatorum infra parochiam Sancti Bened[icti] 
prope ripam Paulinam London notorie scituata. In presentia mei 
Thome Wyan notarii publici Curie predicte Eegistrarii deputati. 
* * * * * 

Super petitione Domini Doctoris Ryves. Quo die (facta pre- 
conizacione omnium et singulorum in hac parte citatorum eorum- 
que quolibet non comparente) Dominus Doctor Ryves quoad non 
comparentes et bona non vindicatata accusavit eorum contumacias 
et Dominus ad ejus petitionem pronunciavit omnes et singulos non 
comparentes contumaces et in penam contumaciarum suarum hujus- 
modi, dictus Dominus Doctor Ryves dedit articulum ex primo 
decreto, quern Dominus ad ejus petitionem quoad non comparentem 
et bona non vindicata salvo jure comparentium (facta prius fide per 
dictum Doctorem Ryves de veritate contentorum in eodem juxta 
informationem sibi traditam quam credit esse veram) admisit et 
decrevit prout in eodem continetur, et decrevit dictas pecuniarum 
summas, aurum, argentum, jocalia, et cetera bona, res, merces, et 
mercimonia in hac parte arrestata et non vindicata fideliter appre- 
cianda fore et (facta appretiacione et edita caucione de jure in hac 
parte requisita) possession! Domini nostri Regis (causa rei servande) 
tradenda fore. Et tune porrecta per dictum Doctorem Ryves billa 
expensarum, eoque petente easdem taxari, Dominus taxavit easdem ad 
viginti libras legalis monete Anglie. Et Dominus Doctor Ryves fecit 
fidem de earum exposicione. Tune dictus Dominus Doctor Ryves 
introduxit Commissionem pro inspeccione bonorum in dicta nave in 
hac parte seizita unacum relacione Commissionariorum in eadem 
Commissione nominatorum eorum manubus subscripta etinstanter in- 
stantius et instantissime primo secundo et tertio petiit bona in dicto 
certificatorio contenta, et ejus generis in dicta nave existentis tan- 
quam peritura, et sic per dictos Com missionaries inventa appretiari, 
et (facta appretiacione eorundem) publice vendicioni exponi, et plus 



24 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

efferent! vendi, ac pretium et pecuniarum summas exinde prove - 
nientes in tuto sequestro custodiri in usura jus in eisdem habentium 
j usque TXJ. In presentia Williamson dissentientis et inficiantis alle- 
gata per dictum Doctorem Ryves esse vera, et allegantis petita per 
dictum Doininum Doctorem Ryves a esse vera, et allegantis petita 
per dictum Dominum Doctorem Ryves de jure fieri non debere, et 
petentis Dominos suos in possessionem bonorum suorum in hac 
parte petitorum mitti, seu saltern dicta bona sub sequestro custodiri. 
et allegantis nonnullos testes fuisse et esse in hujusmodi causa 
productos et examinatos referendo[?] se ad Registrum hujus Curie. 
Unde Dominus decrevit omnia et singula bona in hac parte contro- 
versa exceptis bonis pro quibus testes in hac parte producti jurati et 
examinati eorumque dicta et depositiones publicata, omnium et 
singulorum specierum in schedula sive certificatorio Commissionis 
pro inspeccione dictorum bonorum jam introductorum annexata, 
specificata ex eo quod peritura sunt, et deterioris et vilioris pretii 
futura, fideliter per Commissionarios in dicta Commissione nomi- 
nates apprecianda fore et (facta dicta appreciatione) eadem bona 
publice vendicioni exponenda, et plus offerenti vendenda, ac pre- 
tium exinde redactum in Registrum hujus Curie, in usum jus haben- 
tium introducenda. Et quoad bona predicta excepta, Dominus 
assignavit ad audiendam votem b suam, die Jovis proximo inter horas 
secundam et quartam a meridie ejusdem diei. 

***** 



Serenissimus Dominus noster Rex 
contra quascunque pecuniarum sum 
mas, aurum, argentum, et jocalia, seu 
alia bona, res, merces, et mercimonia 
quecunque in nave vocata the St. 
Peter cujus Johannes Mallieu est 
Magister nuper per Classem Regiam 
super mari seizita ac contra omnes 
1,0. Wyan Williamson. 
? non. 



Quo die similiter actum. 
fuit in omnibus et per 
omnia prout in actu 
proximo precedente mu- 
tatis mutandis. 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 25 



Die mercurii octavo die Mensis Februarii Anno Domini 1625 
stilo Anglie inter horas secundam et quartam a meridie ejusdem 
diei coram Domino Judice %c. in cenaculo Dominorum Advoca- 
torum de Archubus London presente Thoma Wyan notario 
publico, Ic. 

***** 



Querela Caroli Steltius pro bonis 
suis per eum in navibus per Classem 
Regiam seizitis vindicatis. William- 
son, Doctor Ryves. 



Quo die comparuit dictus 
Steltius quern dictus Wyan 
super propositis ex parte 
sua produxit, juramento 



de fideliter respondendo oneravit tain dictis propositis ex parte 
Wyan, quam de fideliter respondendo quibusdam interrogatoriis 
ei ex parte Domini nostri Regis objiciendis dicto Steltius dissentientis. 



6. Sir John Coke to Lord Conway. 
[S. P. Dom. Charles I. xi. 24 (extract).] 

Right honorable, 

This morning I receaved a letter from Sir Win. Beecher in the 1635, Dec. 6. 
name of the Lords to give mee knowledg that uppon manie com- 
plaincts out of the countries of the great want of powder, and the 
Lord Treasurer's signification of an impossibilitie to bee supplied 
presently from foren parts : they had considered of the setting free 
of making powder in ai parts of the land and breaking the contract 
betwixt his Majeste and Mr. Evelyn. But before they would 
resolve, their Lordships required information from the Lord Carew 
and the Commissioners of the Navie, and willed mee also to attend 
them at Hampton Court tomorrow morning. In obedience to this 
order I have written to the Lord Carew to acquaint his Lordship 
with their pleasure and to desire him accordingly to send his advise. 
I have also required both the Commissioners of the Navie and the 

CAMD. SOC. E 



26 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

officers of the Ordnance to meet this afternoone at the Tower to 
consider of this business, and of the overwaight of iron ordinance 
which was formerly referred unto them from the boord, and 1 doubt 
not but sume of them wil attend tomorrow at Hampton Court to 
give accompt of theis matters. For my excuse I must acquaint 
your Lordships and intreatyou to certifie the Lords if they require 
it, that the examination of al the Bils of lading, letters of assigna- 
tion, commissions, and writings, of al sort (which in bulk are more 
than a strong man can carie uppon his back) concerning the prise 
goods, is now my employment, and I have sent for men from divers 
parts and have kept some a week in my house to informe and assist 
mee in the discoverie of those things which may cleare his Majestes 
title and satisfie the world in our just and aqual proceedings ; so as 
uppon this woork the answering of the clamors of the Ambassadors, 
the due and legal expedition in the Admiraltie cort, and which most 
importeth the speedie raising of monies by the sales of lawful prises 
do mainly depend. So as without verie great prejudice to his 
Majestes service I could not at this time intermit the attendance of 
this woorke. And I doubt not but the Lord Carew and the Com- 
missioners wil fully satisfie their Lordships in al that they require. 
******* 
Your lordships 

humble servant 

JOHN COKE. 

Tottenham, 

6 December, 1626. 

7. Proceedings in the Coyrt of Admiralty. 
[P. E. O. Admiralty Court Book of Acts, No. 159.J 

1625, Dec. 8. Q[uerela] nautarum navis the S* Claude et aliarum navium per 
classem regiam scizit[arum], et ad Plymotham et ab inde ad 
Londinum adduct[arum]. 

Quibus die et loco Dominus Judex ad humilem peticionem 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 27 

dictorum nautarum decrevit prout sequitur viz*. That they, the 
sayd marriners for the tyme that they served in the sayd severall 
shipps before they were stayd by his Ma^ 63 fleete, shall have and 
be allowed such wages as they themselves and the maister of each 
shippe will depose to be due unto them, by their agreement, at the 
tyme of their shippinge, and that since the sayd shippes were 
stayed by his Ma 1 * 68 fleete, they shall have and be allowed for the 
tyme that they have served his Ma tye the usuall wages given by 
his Ma*y e to men of their severall qualityes. And decreed soe 
manye of the goods seizd in each of the sayd shippes most fittinge 
for sale as will satisfye the sayd marriners their wages to be sould, 
and the marriners of each shippe to be payd their wages out of the 
price of the goods of that shippe wherin they [shall be] soe sould. 

8. Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 
[P. E. O. Admiralty Court Examinations, No. 266.] 

11 Decembris, 1625. 



Johannes Malleau 
pro bonis suis in 
nave the St. Peter 



Willielmus Langlois de Newhaven in Regno 1625, Dec. 11. 
Galliae Mercator annos agens 26 aut eo circiter 
testis in hac parte productus, juratus, et ex- 



aminatus dicit quod partem producentem per quindecem annos 
ultimos elapsos bene novit. 

Ad Primum, Secundunr, et reliquos articulos allegationis ex parte 
dicti Malleau in hac causa datse et oblatse et schedulam in eisdem 
mentionatam, dicit et deponit, That within the tyme articulate at 
S* Lucar in Spaine this examinate did see two parcells of hides, the 
one containeinge about 500 hides and the other 200, certeine bales 
of salsaperillaj the number hee knoweth not, and all other the goods 
and marchantdices sett downe in the schedule articulate (which hee 
hath now tempore examinationis suse) heard read over to him, laden 
by the articulate John Malleau in the articulate shipp the S* Peter, 
for his the said Malleau's owne accounte (as hee said, and this 



28 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

examinate verily beleeveth), and those goods were in the said shipp 
(as this examinate beleeveth) when shee was staied by His Majestyes 
Fleete, and sawe none of the said goods taken out of the said shipp 
the S* Peter betweene the tyrae of the ladeinge thereof at S* Lucar 
as aforesaid and the stay of the said shipp the S* Peter by His 
Majestyes Fleete, and therefore verily beleeveth that the said goods 
at the time of that stay were in her the said shipp the S l Peter. 
And this hee saieth is true, ac aliter ad hujusmodi articulos nescit 
deponere, Saveinge that this examinate hath heard the Master and 
Companie of the said shipp the S* Peter say, that all the goods 
and monies mentioned in the foresaid schedule excepte the hides 
and salsaperilla were taken from the said John Malleau at 
Plymouth by the Kinges Officers. 

Ad Interrogatoria nescit respondere, Saveinge that he this 
respondente was borne at Newhaven in Fraunce and is subject to 
the French Kinge, and is a Romishe Catholike. 

GUILLAUME LANGLOIS. 
JOHANNES AUREIIUS. 



9. Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 
[P. K. 0. Admiralty Court Examinations, No. 266.] 

12 Decembris, 1625. 
' Johannes Mallew Kichardus Awbin de Haber de Grace in 



pro bonis suis in 
nave the S* Peter 
de Haber de Grace. 



Regno Gallic Mercator annos agens 25, aut 
eo circiter testis in hac parte productus 
juratus et examinatus, dicit quod partem 



producentem per quindecem annos ultimos elapsos bene novit ut 
dicit. 

Ad Primum, Secundum.,et reliquos articulos allegations ex parte 
dicti Mallew in hac parte datee et oblatse, et schedulam in eisdem 
mentionatam dicit et deponit, That within the tyme articulate at 
Civill in Spaine the articulate John Mallew did buy 400 and odd 



THE ST. PETEK OF HAVEE DE GRACE. 29 

hides of Havana and the certeine number hee knoweth not, and 
marcked them with the firste marcke in the margent of the articulate 
schedule, 200 hides of Mexico and marcked the same with the 
second marcke in the margent of that schedule, 8 bales of salsa- 
parilla and marcked them with the third marcke in the margente 
of that schedule, all which hee boughte for his owne proper accounte. 
And hee the said Malleau did alsoe buy the tyme and place afore- 
said all the reste of the goods mentioned in the foresaid schedule 
(which hee hath now tempore examinationis suse heard read over 
to him) and the bezar stones, civett, muske, oyles, waters and 
sweete meates mentioned in the said schedule, hee the said Malleau 
boughte for the Marques de Villiers Governor of Newhaven, and 
the reste of the said goods hee boughte for his owne accounte, and 
hee the said Mallew boughte the said goods (as hee said) to lade 
them in the articulate shipp the S 1 Peter ; and as hee said did lade 
all the predeposed goods, wares and commodityes mentioned in the 
foresaid schedule in the articulate shipp the S* Peter, at S* Lucar 
to bee transported to Newhaven aforesaid, and the foresaid hides, 
salsaparilla and wolls mentioned in the Schedule, this examinate 
sawe laden at S 4 Lucar in the said shipp by the said Malleau, and 
the hides and salsaparilla hee sawe were marcked as aforesaid at the 
tyrne of the ladinge of them, and hee further saieth, That whileste 
the foresaid shipp the S* Peter was at S l Lucar the tyme aforesaid 
this examinate was aboard her and sawe most of the foresaid goods 
mentioned in the said schedule in her. And those goods hee saieth 
were in the said shipp (as the said Malleau told this examinate) 
when shee was staied by His Majestyes Fleete, And this hee saieth 
hee knoweth to bee true who was presente and in company with 
the said Malleau when hee bought moste parte of the said goods, 
and sawe the reste of those goods in the hands of Malleau after hee 
had bought them, and sawe the most parte of them aboard the said 
shipp at S 1 Lucar as aforesaid, and after the shipp came to 
Plymouth he saieth that M r Gabriel Marsh and other gentlemen 
with him (as the said Malleau saieth) tooke from him the said 



30 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

Malleau all the goods and monies mentioned in the said schedule 
excepting the hides and the salsaparilla, which remained in the 
said shippe, and the said Malleau in this exarainates presence 
required a receite from the said M r Marsh of what hee had taken 

from him. 

R. AUBIN. 

JOHANNES AURELIUS. 



10. Sir John Coke to Lord Conway. 
[S. P. Dom. Charles I. xi. 64.] 

1625, Dec. 14. Right honorable 

It pleaseth you to require my present coming to Cort to 
attend the Committee appointed to speake with the States Ambas- 
sador about the ships and to settle a constant order to bee observed 
in al prises for the future. For the Ambassador [the Duke hath] 
given mee leave to tel you, that if the answer alreadie given him 
in writing and the resolution of the Lords at the last meeting at 
Hampton Cort, bee not a sufficient satisfaction at least to stay his 
clamor til hee seeth what the justice of the Admiraltie Cort wil 
produce: ther can bee nothing donne by the Lords at this time to 
quiet him without more prejudice to his Majeste and also to the 
Lord Admiral in his particular jurisdiction, then wil bee convenient, 
at least in his absence to be resolved uppon : and to change the 
ancient formes and proceedings of the Admiraltie Cort and settle a 
new frame in matters of reprisal without his presence and due 
consideration therof taken, I am confident neither your Lordship 
nor the boord wil thingk reasonable or just. And for the in- 
creasing of seamens wages the proposition being his own and hee 
giving way (as you know) to have it debated at the boord: it wil 
bee no less requisite that his Grace bee ther also when it shal bee 
considered of: and if al theis important matters must of necessitie 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 31 

bee put of til his Graces return my present coming to Cort can 
have no other frute but the delaying of those businesses here, 
which I dare say are of so great importance that the satisfaction to 
bee given to the Ambassadors and the course to bee setled for 
reprisals wil much depend uppon it. For even the Judg himself 
knoweth not yet what ships are to bee detained or releast, nor what 
goods are prise or not prise til the bils and letters bee al examined 
and the state therof set down which is the tedious and difficult 
woorke which I have stil in hand, namely to peruse al the letters 
written in Spanish, Italian, French, Dutch, and English, and some 
in Arabeck, and to gather out of them what may discover the 
proprietie of everie peece of goods. Besids to survey al the bils of 
lading and to compare al the merchants marks, and by conference 
with merchants and factors to find out the colorers of the enemies 
parcels. I had perused (as 1 thought) so manie as were recovered 
before my last journey, but this day a new bundle is sent mee from 
the Tower, and if I finish this business by the end of this weeke I 
must woorke al the day and some part of the night : and yet al the 
day long some occasion or other for the Navie interrupt my 
indevors, so as I assure your Honor I need no other diversion, if 
possibly I may bee spared. Yet, if you command mee, I wil not 
faile to attend you on Saterday morning uppon your summons by 
the next post. The note for Proclamations I send your Honor 
hereinclosed which I had in purpose to have delivered to Mr. 
Atturney, if Sir Eobt. Pye had not yesterday informed mee that 
hee is sick. Your Honor may bee pleased to consider whether the 
hast of theis proclamations may effect his recoverie or whether it 
bee not fitt that the Lord Keeper give direction therin to the 
Sollicitor of Kings Sergeants. I have alreadie sent to Plimouth to 
stay the Lion.ther, and to hasten away the prise and to restrain 
Mons. Soubizes companies from anie attempt to the offence of the 
French Vice Admiral. The fleet" (as you see) cometh scateringly 

The fleet from Cadiz. 



32 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

home and 1 know the Lords have given direction for the relief of 
the sick men and quartering the soldiers. But you see what the 
Mayor writeth to their Lordships, whose letter to them I send back 
hereinclosed : and further Sir Jearnes Bagge writeth plainly that 
the gentlemen of those parts wil in no wise bee drawn to aine 
contribution or to anie engagement in matter of monie, and if 
monies bee not in some measure supplied the miserie and clamor 
that wil speedily follow wil bee no less dangerous then greevous to 
bee born. For God's sake (my good Lord) lett us first see how 
possibly wee can raise monies to discharge this unfortunate armie 
and fleet that cometh home, before there bee anie debate or mention 
of increasing more charge. The end of my attendance here is to 
hasten the raising of monies by sales of prise goods here which, til 
this woorke bee finished, can not possibly bee wel donne, and til 
monies bee made here, ther wil bee no possibilitie (for ought I 
understand) either to pay the fleet that cometh home [or] to sett 
forth those ships which are prepared to attend Captain Penington 
to Plimouth. This day the Masters of some of the merchants came 
to mee to protest that if monies were not presently supplied for 
victuals they could noe longer hold their companies together. My 
Lord Treasurer wil shortly sleep unquietly in his bed, and I pray 
God wii see not greater mischiefe follow. Pardon ray boldness 
and retain him in your favour who is Your Lordships 

humble servant 

JOHN COKE. 

Tottenham 1625 
14 December. 

11. Sir John Coke to Lord Conway. 
IS. P. Dom. Charles I. xii. i.] 

1625, Dec. 17. Ri ght honorable 

By your servant I writt this morning to the Lord Admiral to 
give him notice of an advertisement I had, that nine Hamburghers 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 33 

went passed by Dover towards Spaine laden with cordage and 
munition; and since, I have heard by Sir John Wolstenholm that 
out of the Sound about 20 ships are gone by the North of Irland 
with like lading for the enimie. I have withal written to Plimouth 
to Sir Jeams Bagge who hath charge of the Lion, that hee inquire 
the best hee can whether this contrarie wind hath not forced the 
9 Hamburgers into sum port on that coast, and that, with the Lion 
and Swiftsure and such other ships as may ther bee found readie, 
hee take the best course hee can to intercept them. And for these 
Easterlings which are gone about Irland, that hee find means to 
advertise our fleet in their return, or to send woord into Irland, if anie 
of our fleet by the late easterly winds have been carried thither, that 
they do their best indevor to make stay of those provisions : and 
more uppon the sudden I knew not what to do But because it may 
happen that the Hamburgers are put in at the Cowes in the Wight, 
I thought fit to desire your Lordship to write to your Captans ther 
to do their indevor also : at least to advertise your Honor whether 
they were passed that way. I had formerly given warning of this 
fleet to the ships in the Downs, but they fownd it not for their 
ease to waigh anchor in fowle weather : I gave notice also to my 
Lord Duke, when hee was in Holland, that the States men of warre 
or some of his Graces fleet might give impediment to their passage. 
And to prevent this mischeif at least for the future I moved his 
Majeste and the Lords for letters to bee written to the King of 
Denmarck to stay al such ships at Elsenor and in the Elve ; and his 
Majestes pleasure was that your Honor should take order in it as I 
formerly writt unto you, which I humbly leave to your care. More 
I heare that the Ambassadors stil press your Honors for the dis- 
charge of the ships and goods now at London, and suffer you not 
to give way to an ordinarie and judicial proceeding, which, if they 
prevaile in, you must make accompt that his Majeste and the Lord 
Admiral shal herafter make no benefit of the justest prises that shal 
bee taken ; for some Ambassader wil bee engaged and those that 
are the Kings ministers, if they bee not permitted to have time for 

CAMD. SOC. F 



34 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

a legal and just course, wil easily be discouraged from sifting and 
examining the pretences which are made and which require time to 
be discovered. In this respect I hope you have put of their further 
hearing til the Lord Admirals return : and I labor what I can to 
have things readie against that time, though in truth my continual 
diversions by the importunitie of those that are sent to call upon 
mee in theis business wil hardly give mee leave to disgest what I have 
gathered. His Giace sent mee woord this day that hee would bee at 
Cort this weeke that is coming. If your Lordship knows the day, I 
beseech you give mee notice, that I may notfaile then to attend you. 
And in the meane time permit not the clamors of the Ambassadors so 
to govern our councels as to hinder the fitt and necessarie cautions in 
the course of our justice. And lastly lett mee put you in mind of the 
letter promised by the Lords to release the stay of the sales of prise 
goods which is not yet sent unto mee. And if the Lord Treasurer can 
find no monies in the Exchequer, and your Lordship wil suffer 
none to be raised by the sales what you wil do when the Fleet 
cometh home I know not ; but that the Fleet now preparing 
hath been hindered alreadie and that much charge is increased 
by want of meanes to discharg and putt of the men aboord 
theis ships I can give a true accompt : and if you shal limit the 
sales to such goods (as I heare you intend) which are out of 
question, I know not what goods can bee sold, since ther is neither 
ship nor particular goods therin to which no man doth pretend. 
Good my Lord, bee a meanes to ad honor and strength to our 
judicial proceedings, as they do in al contries : and suffer us not to 
bee subject to the clamors and censures of strangers; but if you find 
either Judg or Minister do that which is unjust cawse him to bee 
ponished, but give time to know the truth. Ther bee matters of 
more consequence to bee now considered of, namly how to find 
meanes to support the great warre to which wee are ingaged, for, 
if wee proceed to woorke without meanes, and do not at this verie 
time consider and prepare for that which is to bee donne against 
the spring ; wee shal but expose al our actions to the scorn of the 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 35 

world, and shal draw uppon us more danger then is yet taken to 
hart. I wil do my best [to] make my Lord Admiral sensible therof 
at his return ; and this is the cawse why I do not now wait uppon 
you, as also for that I rest assured you have put of the Ambassadors 
further answer til his Graces return. So I humbly rest Your 
Lordships 

humble servant 
JOHN COKE. 

Tottenham 1625 
17 December. 

Wee heard that his Majeste purposed to cum to London in the 
beginning of the weeke. If it bee so, bee pleased to give notice, 
and to send mee your commandiments in what you think fit. 

12. M. de P alloy seau to Sir John Hippesley. 
[Harl. MSS. 1583, fol. 171.] 

Monsieur 

Les marchands de ceste ville interessez aux navires et mar- 1 g 2 l> Dec - 23 - 
chandises que Ton leur retient en Angleterre, apres avoir faict leurs 
plain tes tant a sa Majeste qu'a M rs du conseil de ladite retenue et 
du desny de justice que Ton leur faict audite Angleterre en la 
delivrance de leurs diets vaisseaux, ont pour ce subject obtenu une 
sentence a la table de marbre et une Commission en Chancelerie, 
portant pouvoir de faire saisir et arrester par tous les lieux et 
endroicts de ce royaulme les vaisseaux et marchandises quilz 
trouveront appartenir aux Anglois, lesquelles ils eussent desja faict 
mettre a execution ; n'eust este" que j'ay juge" a propos pour ne 
poinct alterer le commerce et negoce des marchands les uns avecques 
les autres, qu'il falloit premierement vous en donner advis, pour s'il 
vous plaist le faire entendre tant au Roy de la Grand Bretagne 
qu'a Messieurs de son conseil afin qu'en estant par vous advertis, 
s'ilz reffusent apres cela la main levee desdites vaisseaux et mar- 
chandises desdicts marchands, je n'aye plus rien a dire pour les 



36 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

empescher de se server de leur pouvoir : car, a la verite, il n'est pas 
raisonnable que les subjects de Sa Majeste soient traicte*s de la fac.on. 
J'en attiendray done votre reponse, et cependant je vous suplieray 
me faire la faveur de me croire 

Votre bien humble et aif n e serviteur 

PALLOYSEAU. 

Monsieur j'ai rec,u la piecce de boeuf qu'il vous a pleu m'envoyer, 
de quoy je vous remercie bien humblement. 
De Calais ce 2 e Janvier 1626. 

13. Act of the Privy Council. 
[S. P. Dom. Charles I. xii. 72.] 

1625, Dec. 28. At Hampton Courte the 28 th of December 1625. 

Present 

The King's Majestic 

Lo : Keeper Earl of Marr 

Lo : Treasurer Earl of Melros 

Lo: Privie Scale Lord Conway 

Duke of Buckingham M r Treasurer 

Earl Marshall M r Comptroler 

Lo: Chamberlaine M r Secretary Coke 

Earle of Montgomerie M r Chancellor of the Exchequer 

Earl of Carlile M r Chancellor of the Duchy 

Earl of Holland Sir Dudley Carleton 

Lo : Chancellor of Scotland 

Upon relacion made to his Majestic by M r Secretarie Coke of 
the proceeding that had beene used in takeing of the Prizes at 
Plymouth and how farr the same, or the goods therin laden, were 
discovered to appertaine to the subjects of the King of Spaine, It 
was this day Ordered by his Majestic with the advise of his 
Councell that the Shipp of Newhaven called the St. Peeter and 
such goods therin laden and all such other goods of the other 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVKE DE GEACE. 37 

Prizes as shalbe found to appertaine to his Majestes owne Subjects 
or the Subjects of his good Brother the French King or of the 
States of the United Provinces or of any other Princes or States in 
frendshipp and alliance with his Majestie and are not fraudulently 
coulored under theire names and really doe belonge unto the 
Subjects of the King of Spaine, shalbe delivered to such as shall 
reclayme the same. And for all other goods in the said prizes his 
Majestes Advocate in the Admiralty Courte shall proceede judi- 
cially as to justice appertaineth without any further restrainte of 
sale or other proceeding warrantable by lawe or the course of the 
Admiralty notwithstanding the former letters of the Board which 
are hereby discharged. 

Ex tT WILL: BECHER. 



14. Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 
[P. E. O. Admiralty Court Examinations, No. 266.] 



Alexander Le Grand 
pro bonis suis in nave 
the St. Peter de Haber 
de Grace. 

M r Wood debitor 



28 Decembris, 1625. 

Johannes Malleau de Haber de Grace 1625, Dec. 28. 
in Regno Krauncise Nauta annos agens 28 
aut eo circiter testis in hac parte productus 
juratus et examinatus dicit quod Alex- 
andrum Le Grande partem producentem 



per septem annos ultimos elapsos bene novit. 

Ad Primum Secundum et reliquos articulos allegations ex parte 
dicti Le Grand in hac causa datae et oblataB, et schedulam in eisdem 
mentionatam, necnon allegationem apud acta Crastino Martini 1625 
facta et exhibita in eadem specificata dicit et deponit That within 
the tyme articulate at S* Lucar in Spaine the severall goodes sett 
downe in the foresaid Schedule under the severall marcks and 
numbers in the margent of that Schedule were laden aboard the 
articulate shipp the S* Peter to bee carried to Haber de Grace and 
there delivered to the articulate Alexander Le Grand who is (as 



38 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

this Exanimate beleeveth) a Hollander borne, but liveth in Roane 
in Fraunce where this exanimate hath known him livinge these 
seaven yeares laste paste, and is a naturalized subjecte to the Frenche 
Kinge, and soe hath bin for all the tyme that this exanimate hath 
knowne him, but to whom the said goodes doe belonge, or for 
whose accounte they were laden, this examinate knoweth not, but 
saieth that the exhibites mentioned in the foresaid allegation apud 
acta, are the true and originall billes of ladeinge of the said goodes 
and are subscribed with the proper hande and writinge of him this 
examinate, And this hee saieth hee knoweth to bee true beinge 
Master of the said shipp the foresaid voyage, Ac aliter ad hujus- 
modi articulos nescit deponere. 

AD INTERROGATORS. 

Ad primum respondet, That hee was borne at Haberdegrace in 
Fraunce, and is a subjecte to the Frenche Kinge, and his habita- 
tion hath alwayes bin in Fraunce, when hee hath not bin at sea 
upon voyages. 

Ad secundum respondet, That hee is a Eomishe Catholike, Ac 
aliter respondet negative. 

Ad tertium respondet, That hee hath bin Skipper of the interro- 
gate shipp the St. Peter three yeares laste paste, and for all that 
tyme shee the said shipp hath belonged to Henery Cavillere, 
Fraunces Ramee, and this respondente, who are all Frenchmen 
dwelling at Roan and Haberdegrace, where they have alwayes 
lived. 

Ad quartum respondet, That the interrogate goodes were laden 
by Michael Celly and Henery Losie, and Michael Celly this 
respondente thinketh to bee a Frenchman and Henery Losye hee 
thinketh to bee a Hollander, and hee saieth that they both dwell at 
S* Lucar, but whose subjects they are this respondente knoweth 
not. 

Ad quintum respondet, That hee was examined touchinge this 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 39 

business at Plymouth, and did subscribe to that examination, and 
the contents thereof are true. 

Ad sextum nescit respondere aliter quam supra. 

Ad septimum respondet negative quoad noticiam suam. 

Ad octavum nescit respondere. 

Ad nonum respondet, That hee knoweth none of the partyes 
interrogate. 

Ad decimum nescit respondere 

Ad undecimum nescit respondere. 

Ad duodecimum respondet negative. 

Ad tertium decimum respondet, That the examination now 
showen and read unto him is his examination taken at Plymouth, 
and the contents thereof hee saieth are true and yt is subscribed 
with the proper handewriteinge of him this respondente. 

Ad quartumdecimum, quintumdecimum et sextumdecimum nescit 
respondere. 

JEHAN MAILLEAU. 
JOHANNES AURELIUS.* 

15. Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 
[P. E. O. Admiralty Conrt Examinations, No. 266.] 



Franciscus Bregault pro bonis 
suis in nave the S* Peter. 



30 Decembris, 1625. 

Idem Johannes Malleiu testie 1625 > Dec. 30. 
in hac parte productus, juratus 



et examinatus, dicit quod Fran- 
ciscum Bregault partem producentem per sexdecem annos ultimos 
elapsos bene novit ut dicit. 

Ad primum, secundum et reliquos articulos allegations ex parte 
dicti Bregault in hac causa datse et oblatse et schedulam in eisdem 
mentionatani, necnon allegationem apud acta Crastino Martini 
1625 facta, et exhibita in eadem specificata, dicit et deponit, 
That within the tyme articulate at S 1 Lucar one case of guilte 

* Interpreter. 



40 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

graines of Aleumye, marked and numbered as in the margente of 
the articulate schedule, was laden in the name of the articulate 
Frances Bregault aboard the articulate shipp the S* Poter to bee 
carried to Haberdegrace in Fraunce, and there delivered to Jonas 
Langlois, to followe the order of Thomas Fovell, as is expressed in 
the bill of ladeinge, and a little before the ladeinge of the said case 
of graines of Alcumye aboard the said shipp at S* Lucar, this 
examinate, being at Sivill in the lodginge of the articulate Fraunces 
Brigaulte, did there see the said case of graines, and the said 
Brigaulte tolde this examinate that that case of graines was to bee 
laden aboard the said shipp, the S 1 Peter, for the proper accounte 
of him, the said Fraunces Brigaulte, and that case of graines of 
Alcumye hee saieth was in the foresaid shipp when shee was staied 
by His Majestyes Fleete, and the exhibite mentioned in the fore- 
said allegation, apud acta, beeing shewed unto him, hee saieth is the 
true and originall bill of ladeinge of the foresaid case of graines of 
Alcumye, and is subscribed with the proper hande writeinge of him 
this Examinate, and this hee saieth upon his oath hee knoweth to 
bee true, beeinge Master of the foresaid shipp the said voyage, 
Ac aliter ad hujusmodi articulos nescit deponere, saveinge that the 
articulate Fraunces Brigault is a Frenchman, borne at Lyons in 
Fraunce, and there hath a wief, house and familye, but resideth 
now at Sivill in Spaine. 

Ad Interrogate ria nescit respondere aliter quam prius, Saveinge 
that Jerman Belle, who laded the interrogate goodes is a French- 
man, borne at Paris in Fraunce, but is a Factor residente in S* 
Lucar. 

JEHAN MAILLEIU. 
JOHANNES AURELIUS. 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 41 



16. Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 

[P. B. O. Admiralty Court Examinations, No. 266.] 

3 Januarii, 1625. 



Jacques Cordier et Johannes 
Hormell pro bonis suis in nave 
the S* Peter. 



Johannes Malleau testis in hac I62f, Jan. 3. 
parte productus juratus et exami- 
natus, dicit quod Jaquem Cordier 



et Johannem Hormell per duos annos et ultra respective bene novit 
ut dicit. 

Ad primum, secundum et reliquos articulos allegationis ex parte 
dictorum Cordier et Hormell in hac causa datse et oblatae, et 
schedulam in eisdem mentionatam, necnon allegationem apud acta 
Crastino Martini 1625 facta et exhibita in eadem mentionata, dicit 
et deponit, That within the tyme articulate at S* Lucar the severall 
goodes sett downe in the schedule articulate under the severall 
marckes in the margente of that schedule were laden aboard the 
articulate shipp the S 4 Peter, the tobacco for the accounte of the 
articulate Jaques Cordier and Company, and the hides for the 
accounte of the articulate John Hormell, to whom the same goodes 
respectively doe belonge of this examinates knowledge, who was 
presente, and sawe the said goodes boughte for the accounte of the 
said partyes, and those goodes hee saieth were to bee carried in the 
said shippe to Haberdegrace, and there the tobacco to bee delivered 
to Jaques Cordier and the hides to John Hormell, and those goods 
hee saieth were in the said shipp when shee was staied by His 
Majestyes Fleete, and the exhibite mentioned in the foresaid alle- 
gation apud acta beeinge shewed unto him hee saieth is the true 
and originall bill of ladeinge of the predeposed tobaccoe and is 
subscribed with the proper hande writeinge of him this examinate. 
And this hee saieth hee knoweth to bee true, beeinge master of the 
said shipp the foresaid voyage, Ac aliter ad hujusmodi allegationes, 
schedulam, et exhibitum nescit deponere, saveinge that the articu- 
late Jaques Cordier is a Frenchman borne at Newhaven and there 

CAMD. SOC. G 



42 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

liveinge, and the articulate John Hormell a Frenchman borne at 
Dieppe and there liveinge, and both subjects to the French Kinge. 
Ad Interrogatoria nescit respondere aliter quam prius, saveinge 
that Isacke de Ambrey, who laded the predeposed tobaccoe is a 
Frenchman dwelling in Sivill, in Spaine, but a subjecte to the 
Frenche Kinge, the name of the lader of the foresaid hides hee 
well remembreth not, but (as hee thinketh) his name is Peter 
Blund, a Frenche merchant of Roane liveinge at Sivill, but a 

subjecte to the Frenche Kinge. 

JEHAN MAILLEU. 

JOHANNES AUEELIUS. 



17. Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 
[P. R. O. Admiralty Court Examinations, No. 266.] 

3 Jannarii, 1625. 

Richardus Aubin pro bonis j Johannes Mallieu testis in hac 
suis in nave the S l Peter. > parte productus juratus et exami- 

natus dicit quod Richardum Aubin partem producentem per 
duodecem annos ultimos elapsos bene novit ut dicit. 

Ad primum, secundum et reliquos -articulos allegations ex parte 
dicti Aubin in hac causa" datse et oblatae et schedulam in eisdem 
mentionatam, necnon allegationem apud acta Crastino Martini 1625 
facta et exhibita in eadem mentionata dicit et deponit, That within 
the tyme articulate at S l Lucar, the fiftye-sixe hides in haire sett 
downe in the articulate schedule under the severall marckes in the 
margente of that schedule were laden aboarde the articulate shippe 
the S 1 Peter by the articulate Richard Aubin, who in this exami- 
nates presence boughte the same hides at Sivill, in Spaine, for his 
owne accounte out of the proceed of linnen cloth and other mercery 
wares which the said Aubin carried from Fraunce to Spaine in his 
this examinates shipp the foresaid voyage, and those 56 hides the 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 43 

said Richarde Aubin consigned to bee delivered at Haberdegrace 
to himself or the articulate Charles Hannon, and those hides hee 
saieth were in the foresaid shipp when shee was staied by His 
Majestyes Fleete, and the exhibite mentioned in the foresaid alle- 
gation apud acta beinge she wen unto him, hee saieth is the true and 
originall bill of ladeinge of the foresaid hides, and is subscribed 
with the proper hande writeinge of him this examinate. And this 
hee saieth upon his oath hee knoweth to bee true, beeinge master 
of the said shipp the foresaid voiage, Ac aliter ad hujusmodi 
allegationes, schedulam, et exhibitum nescit deponere, saveing that 
the articulate Richard Aubin is a young man borne and dwellinge 
at Haberdegrace aforesaid, and married the daughter of the articu- 
late Charles Hanno, who is a merchante, and a cittizen of Haber- 
degrace. 

Ad Interrogatoria nescit respondere aliter quam prius. 

JEHAN MAILLEU. 



18. Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 
[P. R. O. Admiralty Court, Book of Acts, No. 159.] 



Serenissimus Dominus noster 
Rex contra navem the S* Marye 
ej usque apparatus et accessio.nes 
ac contra omnes TXJ. Dominus 
Doctor Ryves, Wyan. 



Quo die Dominus Doctor 162 I Jan - 20 - 
Ryves Advocatus Regius intro- 
duxit mandatum cum certifica- 
torio in dorso ejusdem (super 
cujus exequucione Solomo 



Smyth fecit fidem.) 
Et (facta preconizacione omnium et singulorum in hac parte 
citatorum) comparuit Williamson et exhibuit procuratorium suum 
pro Petro Raes et Suzanna Vandamman relicta Ludovici Vandam- 
man def [endentibua] et fecit se partem pro eisdem. Tune Dominus 
ad petitionem Wyan pronunciavit omnes et singulos (ut prefertur 
citatosj et non comparentes contumaces. Tune dictus Dominus 



44 TUB DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

Doctor Kyves in penam contumaciorum omnium et singulorum 
predictorum ex parte dicti Domini nostri Regis dedit allegationem 
in scripto conceptam quam Dominus ad ejus petitionem admisit, 
quatenus de jure sit admittendam. Tune idem Dominus Doctor 
Ryves in supplementum probacionis contentorum in allegacione 
predicta, exhibuit responsum Magistri Richardi Williamson aliter 
factum allegation! ex parte dicti Domini nostri Regis contra bona 
in nave predicta data?, et examinacionem Petri Raes apud Plimutham 
vigore juramenti sui facti captam, et aliter per eum exhibitam 
et penes Registrum hujus Curie remanentem, etetiam certificatorium 
quoddam in lingua Hispanica scriptum, unacum translacione ejusdem 
in linguam Anglicanam per Thomam Wilford Xotarium Publicum 
facta; et etiam certificatorium Vizentii Auciondo Officiarii Regis His- 
panic scilicet Viedor et Contador of the Armado for the defence of 
the East[at]es of Flaunders for the Kinge of Spayne, in pede ejus- 
dem Certificati etiam subscriptum, et allegavit dictum certificatorium 
sigillatum esse sigillo oppidi de Dunkerke, et signatum per Le 
Griffier ejusdem oppidi, et aliud certificatorium in pede ejusdem 
subscriptum esse manu propria dicti Vizentii Auciondo Officiarii 
predicti, ac translacionem predictam cum originali fideliter concordare 
prefatumque Thomam Wilford fuisse et esse Notarium Publicum 
probum et legalem proque tali comuniter reputatum. Contentaque 
in dictis respective exhibita fuisse et esse vera atque ita habita gesta 
et expedita prout in dictis certificatoriis continetur. Navemque 
vocatam the Marye in dictis certificatoriis mencionatam fuisse et 
esse navem the Marye in dicta allegacione per eum data mencionatam. 
Que allegacionem et exhibita posuit contrariurn et diversum eadem 
admitti petens, ac juslc. dicto Williamson dissentiente. Unde Domi- 
nus ad petitionem dicti Domini Doctoris Ryves in penam 'tc. et in pre- 
sentia dicti Williamson admisit allegacionem et exhibita predicta qua- 
tenus de jure sunt admittenda. Tune dictus Dominus Doctor Ryves 
allegavit intencionem suam ex premissis fuisse et esse sutficienter fun- 
datam, quare petiit terminum assignari ad audiendam s[ententiam]. 
Unde Dominus assignavit ad audiendam s[ententiam] interloquu- 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 45 

toriam pro parte Domini nostri Kegis juxta morem et stilum 
Curie in proximo et interim ad informandum dicto Williamson 
dissentiente. 



Querela Caroli Steltius pro 
bonis suis in navibus the Saint 
Claude, Saint Marye, Esperanza 
Paradice, Saint Anne, Sea Ven- 
ture, Saint Peter of Lubestake, 
et Saint George Williamson Do- 
minus Doctor Ryves. 



Quo die Dominus Doctor 
Ryves pro parte Domini nostri 
Regis dedit allegacionem in 
scripto conceptam quam Domi- 
nus ad ejus petitionem admisit 
quatenus de jure est admitten- 
dam In presentia Williamson 



dissentientis Ic. Tune dictus Doctor Ryves in supplementum pro- 
bacionis contentorum in propositis ex parte sua exhibuit certifica- 
torium quoddam in lingua Hispanica scriptum, et sigillo oppidi de 
Dunkerke sigillatam, et etiam certificatorium Vizentii Auciondo 
Le Veedor et Contador of the Armado for the defence of the 
Estats of West Flaunders for the Kinge of Spayne in pede ejus- 
dem unacum translacione eorundern in linguam Anglicanam per 
Thomam Wilford Notarium Publicum et allegavit dictum exhibi- 
tum sigillatum esse sigillo in eisdem specificate et subscriptum 
manubus personarum in eisdem mencionatarum contentaque in 
dicto exhibito fuisse et esse vera, atque ita habita et gesta prout in 
eisdem continentur, dictamque translacionem cum original! fideliter 
concordare, prefatumque Thomam Wilford fuisse et esse Notarium 
Publicum probum et legalem, ac talem cujus scripto plena fides est 
adhibenda, et Carolum Steltius in dicto exhibito mentionatum fuisse 
et esse Carolum Steltius Dominum Williamson partern in hac causa 
querelantem. Quam allegacionem posuit contrarium et diversum 
eandemque admitti petiit ac jus T;c. In presentia Williamson dis- 
sentis T;c. Tune admissa et repetitia dicta allegacione, dictus 
Dominus Doctor Ryves juravit quod fideliter eadem posuit, et petiit 
responsum per Magistrum Williamson eisdem dari quern Dominus 
monuit ad respondendum eisdem in proximo sub juramento per 
eum prestando, eo sic monito dissentiente. 



46 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

19. Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 

[P. R. O. Admiralty Conrt, Book of Acts, No. 159.] 

Termino Hillarii, 1625. 

I62f , Jan. 20. Crastino die Juridico post Festum sive diem Sancti Wolstani 
Episcopi die Veneris Vicesimo viz 1 die mensis Januarii Anno 
Domini millesimo sexcentesimo vicesimo quinto (stilo Anglie) 
Coram Venerabili viro Domino Henrico Marten Milite, Legum 
Doctore, Supreme Curie Admiralitatis Anglie Judice. In Aula 
Collegii Dominorum Advocatorum de Archubus London. Presente 
me Thoma Wyan Notario Publico Curie predicte Registrarii 
Deputati. 

***** 

Et deinde premissis omnibus et singulis sic (ut premittitur) 
gestis et expeditis, dictus Venerabilis vir Judex antedictus de et 
cum consensu omnium et singulorum procuratoriuin exercentium 
hujus Curie tune presentium continuavit omnes et singulas causas 
et causarum assignationes istis die hora et loco assignatis et non 
expeditis, necnon omnia et singula certificata istis die hora et loco 
introducenda et non introducta in statu quo nunc sunt in proximum 
diem juridicum. 



I62f , Jan. 21. Querela Marie Helott Relicte 
Thome Fovell pro trecentis ter- 
goribus de Mexicoe sexdecim 
sacculis gingiberis in nave vocata 
the S* Peter de Havre de Grace 
existentibus in schedula per 
Williamson exhibita mencionatis. 
Williamson. 



Die Sabbathi vicesimo primo 
die mensis Januarii Anno 
Domini stilo Anglie 1625. 
Coram Doctore Saum[ere]s 
Surrogate lc. In edibus Phil- 
lippi Burlamachi in placea 
vocata Gratious Streete scituatis 
presente Thoma Wyan Notario 



Publico hujus Curie Registrarii deputato, comparuit Williamson et 
hixta decretum aliter interpositum produxit in fidejussores Phillip- 
pum Burlamachi de Gratioustreete, London, Mercatorem, et 
Johannem Kippe, parocnie Omnium Sanctorum, Barkinge, Mer- 



THE ST. PETER OP HAVRE DE GRACE. 47 

catorem extraneum, qui submittentes se jurisdiccioni hujus Curie, 
obligarunt se heredes executores et administratores suos in summa 
sexcentarum librarum pro dicta Maria Helott, Serenissimo Domino 
nostro Regi de solvendo summam centum et quinquaginta librarum 
legalis monete Anglic, pro dictis trecentis tergoribus, et summam 
ducentarum et quadraginta librarum similis monete pro dictis 
sacculis gingiberis eidem Domino nostro Regi casu quo dicta bona 
dicto Domino nostro Regi uti bona Regis Hispaniae vel ejus subdi- 
torum confiscata fuerint. Et sic per hanc Curiam adjudicata 
fuerint. Et nisi T;c. 

Querela Alexandri Le Grande pro Die et loco predicto 



una pixide le guilded beads, et quin- 
que sacculis gingiberis in eadem nave 
existen. Williamson. 



iidem fide jussores pre- 
nominati submittentes se 
(ut supra) jurisdiccioni 



hujus Curie obligarunt se heredes executores et administratores suos 
pro dicto Alexandro Le Grand in ducentis libris legalis monete 
Anglic, serenissimo Domino nostro Regi, de solvendo summam 
viginti librarum, pro dicta pixide Le guilded beads, et summam 
septuaginta quinque librarum similis monete, pro dictis quinque 
sacculis gingiberis casu quo dicta bona dicto Domino nostro Regi 
uti bona Regis Hispanic vel ejus subditorum confiscata, fuerint, et 
sic per hanc Curiam adjudicata fuerint. Et nisi 1c. 

20. Remonstrance of the Dutch Ambassador. 
[S. P. Holland.] 

Remonstrance de 1'Ambassadenr des Estats sur Parrest qu'on a 162, Jan. 
fait de quelques uns de leurs navires. 

g Janvier, 1626. . 
Sire 

C'est encores pour le faict des navires et biens saisiz par les 
Officiers de Votre Majeste' sur les subjects de Messeigneurs les 
Estatz Generaulx des Provinces Unies du Pays Bas que je suis 
contrainct d'interpeller Vostre Majeste. S*il eust pleu aux dits Officiers 



48 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

de se tenir a la Declaration la quelle Vostre Majeste a faicte par 1'advis 
de son tres sage Conseil le xxviii de Decembre et Texecuter selon 

O v 

la bonne et sincere intention de Vostre Majeste, je me fusse tres 
volontiers passe de donner a Vostre Majeste ceste peine, mais 
d'aultant que les procedures qu'ils tiennent vont tout au contraire 
de ce que tous les interessez se debvoient promettre de la dicte gra- 
tieuse declaration de Vostre Majeste et qu'elles nous vont plonger 
au fond des maulx, lesquels je luy ai aultrefois representez, je prie 
tres humblement Vostre Majeste; Sire, qu'il luy plaise de me per- 
rnettre que je luy puisse succintement proposer ce que s'est passe* 
en cet affaire, afin que Vostre Majeste aiant prinse cognoissance de 
1'estat d'iceluy, elle daigne d'y applicquer sa main Roiale pour nous 
soustenir que n'enfondrions plus profondement et de regler cet 
affaire une fois pour toutes de telle sorte que son service et 1'execu- 
tion de ses tres haults desseings puissent estre advancez, et sincere- 
ment et fidelement conservee la bonne amitie et correspondence 
entre Vostre Mageste et Messeigneurs les Estatz des Provinces 
Unies voz tres affectionez et plus asseurez alliez et amiis. II y a plus 
de quattre mois, Sire, que ce malheureux saisissement de navires et 
biens des quels il s'agist s'est faict, dont les nouvelles vindrent au 
Pays Bas quasi en mesme temps que les Ambassadeurs des Estatz 
faisoient leur rapport de 1'alliance conclue a Tydischfieldt,* les quelies 
nouvelles causerent de tres grandes alterations aux esprits des in- 
habitans, mesmes des Magistrats des villes, d'aultant plus grandes 
qu'ils ne s'attendoient a rein de semblable, ains s'estoient promis un 
singulier repos en 1'amitie de Vostre Majeste et seurete en leur 
traficq, regie par les articles de 1'alliance nouvellement faicte au 
contraire des quels ils entendoient leurs navires et biens estre 
arrestez. J'ai commence' a demander restitution des biens apparte- 
nants aux inhabitans du Pays Bas et reparation des torts et dorn- 
mages par eux soufferts, au mois d'Octobre a Sarisbury et continue 
encores en la poursuite. A Hamptincour ai je remonstre a Vostre 
Majeste et a Messeign de son Conseil a di verses fois le praejudice 

Titchfield. 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 49 

qui se faisoit par la detention des biens saisis aux haultes conceptions 
et desseings de Vostre Majeste et a 1'amitie la quelle doibt estre 
soigneusement procuree et gardee entre Vostre Majeste* et tous les 
aultres Eoix Princes Estats et Republicques interessez en la grandeur 
d'Espaigne, et represente que les formalites des procedures praeci- 
pitees qu'on tenoit alors sur les diets biens en la Cour de 1'Adini- 
raulte a Maidenhead estoit pour engendrer encores aultant de 
mescontentement que la realite* du saisissement avoit faicte, avecq 
deduction en gros des mauvais traictements qu'ont receu les subjects 
des diets Seigneurs Estats et des desordres commis au diet saisisse 
ment; m'estant aussi advance de servir d'advis a Vostre Majeste 
qu'il eust e"te tres bon d'evoquer cet affaire au Conseil de Vostre 
Majeste comme un affaire d'Estat, et auquel de faict sont interesse's 
quasi touts les Princes Estats et Kepublicques aboutissans a la'mer 
depuis le golfe de Venise jusques au milieu de la mer Balthicque 
et par consequence tous les autres. Vostre Majeste et Messeign 19 de 
son Conseil m'ont tousjours oui benignement (dont je les remercie) 
et m j a este souventesfois respondu gratieusement en general que 
Pintention de Vostre Majeste* n'estoit que les subjects de Messeign rs 
les Estatz fussent aulcunement endommagez: mesmes il y a eu des 
Commissaires lesquels ont confere aulcunes fois avecq moi sans que 
toutesfois grands effects s'en soient ensuivis, sinon que Messeign rs 
du Conseil ont ordonne le xiiij de Decembre que les Commissionaires 
des biens saisis n'eussent a vendre aulcuns biens reclamez par les 
subjects des Seigneurs Estats, ce que les diets Commissionaires 
s'estoient alors proposez de faire sojabz de pretextes assuz imperti- 
nents. Depuis il a pleu a vostre Majeste de faire la declaration de 
la quelie j'ai faict mention cy devant, portante que touts les biens 
des prinses qui feront trouvez appartenir aux subjects des Estats 
des Provinces Unies, pourveu que les diets biens ne soient fraude- 
leusement colorez de leurs noms, en cas qu'ils n'appartinssent aux 
subjects du Roy d'Espaigne, seront delivrez k ceulx tels qu'ils 
appartiendront. La dicte declaration a donnee une grande conso- 
lation aux pours uivants qui sont icy en grand nombre et a tres 
CAMD. SOC. H 



50 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

grands frais et despens, et entre eulx des Maistres des navires et 
gens de marine qui abaient a la faim, eulx et leurs pouvres femmes 
et enfans. J'ai envoie la dicte declaration de Vostre Majeste* au 
Pays Bas tout aussy tost que je Fai receue, et adjouste" en mes 
lettres a mes Superieurs les tres sages considerations les quelles ont 
esmenes Vostre Majeste a la faire pour les asseurer de tant plus de 
la bonte* et justice de Vostre Majeste*. Mais les diets poursuivants 
n'ont joui gueres de ce contentement, car quasi au mesme poinct 
qu'ils attendoient que la dicte Roiale declaration de Vostre Majeste 
se debvoit mettre en exsecution et que le juge de la haute Court de 
rAdmiraulte* s'y preparoit aiant ordonne que les parties eussent a 
fournir leurs pieces en Cour, le xvj de ce mois, ils ont veu le xij 
plusieurs de leurs biens affichez en 1'Eschange pour estre venduz le 
xvij sans praeallable decret du juge, lequel eust peu des pieces* 
avoir decide* grand nombre des proces meus devant luy a cause du 
diet saisissement s'il eust pleu aux Officiers de Vostre Majeste* 
d'exhiber selon le stile de la Cour, les papiers qu'on a oste* aux 
maistres des navires, trois ou quattre jours apres que les diets 
navires ont este* saisis ou menez a Londres, et ne les point retenir 
chez eulx quelques mois, au grand praejudice des proprietaires. 
Sur les plainctes lesquelles me ont este faictes le xij susdict, me 
suis je mis a pourchasser la surceance de la dicte vente, et apres 
m'estre addresse le xiij et xiiij au juge de la Cour de FAdmiraulte 
et a aulcuns des Seigneurs du Conseil de Vostre Majeste et le xv a 
FAssemblee de leurs Excellences m'a le diet juge porte parole le xvj 
de la part de Monseigneur le Ducq de Buckingham Grand Admiral 
d'Angleterre, que nuls biens reclamez par les subjects des Seigneurs 
Estats pour les quels probations sont produictes ne seroient vendus. 
La liste de ces biens dressee par FAdvocat de Vostre Majeste a este 
mise es mains des Commissionaires et du consentement et adveu 
d'iceluy insinuation faicte par le Juge de FAdmiraulte de la dicte 
resolution pour superseder avecq la vente, et ce neantmoins ont le 
diets Commissionaires procede le xviij de ce mois au contraire et 
vendu notable quantite des biens qualifiez comme dessus, dont le 

a piea in MS. 



THE ST. PETEB OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 51 

bruict s'espandra bien tost au long et au large. Dieu doint que ce 
soit sans interest de vostre reputation, Sire, la quelle doibt estre a 
voz amys plus chere que la leur propre. II ne poeult estre qu'il 
n'engendre dela la mer un estonnement estrange et singulierement 
au Pays Bas, parmy un peuple le quel a ses yeulx fichez sur vostre 
Majeste* attendant d'icelle du support en la grande necessite au quel 
il se trouve, a cause de la longue guerre, qu'il a soustenu centre un 
des plus puissants Roix de PEurope : estant le diet peuple compose* 
pour une grande partie de Marchands et gens de marine addonnez 
et necessitez de traficquer par mer, pour gaigner leur vie et princi- 
palement interessez en ce saisissement desquels Messeign les Estats 
nullement se peuvent passer, aiants a toutes heures besoin de s'aider 
du credit des uns et ge servir des corps des aultres, mesmes pour 
furnir a Vostre Majest^ ce qu'ils luy doibvent par le traicte' de 
1'Alliance pour augmenter ses armades et flottes. 

Je supplie tres humblement Vostre Majeste' qu'elle daigne de 
laisser passer par son tres clairvoiant jugement la consideration du 
danger tres evident, auquel nous serions, et des grands maux lesquels 
sensinvroient, si ce peuple se sentant travaill^ et foule par ceulx des 
quels il n'attendoit rien moins et se voiant matter et espuiser par 
iceulx ses moiens et soustien centre toute raison soubs ombre de 
droict et justice, se moustre a 1'advenir restif et revesche a s'emploier 
ou ses biens au service de Vostre Majeste" ou celuy de Messeign 18 les 
Estats en compagnie de ceulx des quels eulx ou leur compatriots ont 
este, ou craindront d'estre quelque jour endommagez et mal menez. 
Et qu'il plaise a Vostre Majeste* pour prevenir a ces maulx faire 
estouffer et coupper les aisles a ce bruict des dernieres procedures, 
ordonnant promtement aux Commissionaires des biens saisiz qu'ils 
aient a superseder avecq la vendition des biens reclamez par les 
subjects des Seigneurs Estats des Provinces Unies ce qu'ils n'aient 
a delivrer aux achepteurs les biens qu'ils ont venduz le xvij de ce 
mois et depuis, mais de les garder et conserver jusques a ce que la 
declaration de Vostre Majeste du xxviij de Decembre soit mise a 
execution, comme je requier encores tres humblement que la resti- 



52 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

tution des biens appartenants aux subjects de Messeign" les Estats 
cum omni causa se puisse faire sans forme de proces et reparation 
leur estre faicte des torts dommages et interests qu'ils ont soufferts 
par le diet saisissement, selon les instances a diverses fois faictes par 
mes remonstrances praecedentes. Et pour ne rechevoir ci apres en 
pareils inconveniens qu'il plaise a Vostre Majeste de commander a 
tous ses officiers de marine et de ses havres et ports qu'ils n'aient 
a donner mil empeschement a la libertd du commerce mais en 
laissent jouir les subjects de Messeign" les Estats plenierement et 
que rencontrans en mer ou trouvants aux ports ou rades aulcuns 
navires des Pays Bas TJnis pourveus de commissions ou lettres de 
passeport des Seigneurs Estats, du Prince d'Orenge, ou des villes 
dont ils sont ils les traictent en amys, les laissant librement passer 
et poursuivre leur route sans les molester en facon quelconque quand 
les diets subjects de leurs Seigneuries ne contraviennent aux articles 
du traicte' de dalliance, et ce sur des grosses amendes et peines aux 
contravenants. 

Et d'aultant que les diets officiers de marine rencontrans en mer 
quelques navires tirans la route de la mer Mediterrane'e pour aller 
en Levante ou en Italic ou menans leur traficque en Barbaric, tant 
de a que par de la le destroist de Jubaltar, les pourroient arrester 
et empescher en leur voiage soubs pretexte qu'ils les auroient trouvez, 
comme tirans vers 1'Espaigne, ou s'excuser qu'ils ont estime que 
les dictes places fussent au nombre et rang des interdictes, sera 
necessaire (soubs tres humble correction de Vostre Majeste") de leur 
faire cette declaration que le traficq en Levante, Italic et Barbaric 
est libre tant aux inhabitans des Pays Bas qu'aux subjects de Vostre 
Majeste et que les dictes places sont au rang des neutres. 

Ce servira aussi pour donner du contentement aux esprits alterez 
pour les procedures precedentes, et encouragera les marchands et 
gens de marine subjects des Estats pour continuer leur traficq de 
mer et se rendre par la plus capables pour servir a Vostre Majeste 
et a la cause commune, le diet traficq important tant au bien de 
1'Estat des Provinces Unies que les Espaignols et le Marquis Spinola 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 53 

jugent que le plus soeur moien pour ruiner le diet Estat est, d'oster 
aux Subjects de Messeigneurs les Estats ou leur empescher et 
troubler la negotiation et hantise de marchandise. 
Faict a Londres le 30 de Janvier 1626. st. No. 
De Vostre Majeste 

Tres humble serviteur 

ALB. JOACHIMI. 



21. Statement of the Dutch Agent at Calais. 
[S. P. Holland.] 

A Remonstrance of Mons: Antho: Mibais Agent for the States 162|, Jan. 21. 
of the United Provinces att Callais. a 

21 January, 162. 

That the shipps which come from Dantzick, Lubeck, Hamborrow, 
Holland, Zeland, and other places bringing or being laden with 
municions and provitions for warre, as brasse to make Cannons, 
lead, hempe to make cables, and other cordage, match, mastes, 
tarr and pitch, all which provisions arriving att Callais they are 
carried away by a river to the ennemies att Dunkerke to arme and 
furnishe their shipps of warre. To hinder that the Ennemy be not 
served with such provisions it is necessary to commaund some 
shipps of warre to lye in Callais Roade and thereabouts to serch all 
such shipps for those kinde of provisions and to seize and take 
them. b 

That there is carryed to Callais above 30,000 hides and great 
quantity of salt and other necessaries and commodities every yeare 
without which the Archdutchesse could not maynteyne warre or 
her subjects subsist. 

a In Nicholas's hand. 

b The following is written in the margin, " The States dare not command your 
men of warre to meddle with any shipp of Hamb:[orrow] in Callais Koad, because 
then the Hamb: will arrest your shipps att Hamb: and connive att those of 
Holland, &c. because they goe to Callais. If we could hinder the trade of the 
Hamb: & Hollanders to Callais and ruyne the Archdutchesse forces. " 



54 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

That if it please the King to constitute a man att Dover, Mons. 
Mibais will hold good correspondency with him and will give him 
advise of all preparacons of warre that are made by the Enemy in 
Dunquerque as well when they goe to the west as when they goe 
to the northward and any other enterprise that they shall make, 
for they prepare this yeare to be very strong att sea and to have 40 
sayle of men of warre. 

Marquis Spinola (who is made Admirall and Generall of the Sea 
of Flaunders) is expected every day att Dtmkerke and his house is 
alreddy provided att Gravelin whether he comes to buyld shipps 
of warre & gallies. 

When any Englishe shipp shalbe wrecked this Agent will save 
the Cannons and tackling of such shipps and send them to Dover, 
soe as his Majestic obteyne from the French King a command that 
the Commissioner (or Lieutenant) of the Lord Admirall of France 
meddle not with such thinges nor hinder such as shalbe therein 
Cannons may employed by the King of England which the States of the Low 

>e alsoe Countries have obteyned for their agent and they have of late 

lelivered with ini- i i 11-11 f i 

;he English caused all their anchors to be marked with the armes ol the 

irmes. Admiralty of the Low Countries. 

It is necessary that all gentlemen and merchants that passe from 
Callais to Dover, that they embarque not untill they have advised 
with the Kings agent to know whether there be any frigatts or 
corevets (which are small vessells of about 15 ton like to fisher 
botes) to thend that they may passe without danger, for theire are 
many marriners att Callais which are enterteyned in service att 
Dunkerke who have correspondency from Callais. 

Memoriall, that the Englishe Jesuitts in Liege contynue their 
course and treasons against the King and kingdome; and to hinder 
the same, it is necessary to send a man to Liege that speakes good 
French and knowes the Englishe nobility and gentry, to the end 
he may make a good and faithfull report to the King, and this 
agent will give him herein advise. 

Iff it please the King to commande this Monsieur Mibais to 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 55 

serve his Majestic in Callais against the King of Spayne -and his 
allies, he will promise to doe him as good service as he doth to the 
States of the United Provinces. 
21 January, 1625. 

22. Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 
[S. P. Dom. Charles I. xix. 52.] 

Order of Sir Henry Marten, Judge of the High Court of Admiralty, 162|, Jan. 26. 
in the suit respecting the St. Peter of Havre de Grace. 

26 January 162|. 

Crastino Pauli Apostuli Die Jovis 26 Die mensis Januarii Anno 
Domini 1 625 Coram Domino Henrico Marten milite legumque 
doctore ac Supreme Curie Admirallitati Anglie Judice In 
Cenaculo Dominorum Advocatorum Alme Curie Cant' De 
Archubus London. Presente Thoma Wyan notario publico. 
Querela Johannis Mallew ^ Quo die Williamson exhibuit 



ejusque sociorum pro nave the 
St. Peter de Haberde Grace et 
Johannis Fermanell ejusque 



procuratorium suum pro dicto 
Johanne Mallew ejusque sociis 
et dicto Petro Fermanell ejus- 



sociorum, pro bonis in eadem I -que sociis et fecit se partem 
nave, per classem regiam seizit'. I pro eisdem, et allegavit dictos 
Williamson Doctor Ryves. ) jdominus suos esse subditos 

Christianissimi Francorum Regis ac navem the St. Peter ac bona 
in eadem per Classem regiam seizit' tempore dictse seizurse ad dictos 
dominos suos proprie et legitime spectasse et in present! spectare : 
quare petiit eadem a quacunque detencione auctoritate hujus curie 
relaxanda fore decerni, et dicto Johanni Mallew magistro dictae navis 
in usum dictorum eorundem proprietariorum tradenda. In presentia 
Domini Doctoris Ryves Advocati Regii allegantis, that there are 
fower barrells of Cocheneale in the said shippe marcked with the 
marcke in the margent, 8 which doe belonge to the subjects of the 

The mark which is given is a combination of C and H. 



56 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

Kinge of Spaine ; Wherefore hee desired that those fower barrells 
of cocheneale might bee taken oute of the said shippe, and that 
beinge done hee consented that the said shippe and all her other 
the goods seized in her by his Majesties fleete should bee discharged 
from any further detencon ; for that (as hee said) hee had nothinge 
to objecte againest the said shippe or any the goods seized in her, 
but onely againest three hundred Mexicoe hides and sixtene sacks 
of ginger claimed by Mary Helott, the relicte of Thomas Fovell, 
and one boxe of guilded beads and five sacks of ginger claimed by 
Alexander Le Grand, to answere the value of which goods, yf they 
shallbee adjudged to his Majestic, caution is formerly given in this 
Courte In presentia dicti Williamson allegand : That there was noe 
cocheneale in the said shippe when she was seized in his Majestes 
Fleete under the foresaid marcke, neither is there any cocheneale 
now in the said shippe under that marcke, and produced the said 
John Mallew, the master, whoe beinge sworne did affirme uppon his 
oath that there neither was in the said shippe this voyage, nor now 
is any cocheneale under the marcke aforesaid. Unde Dominus ad 
peticionem dicti Williamson et cum consensu dicti domini Doctoris 
Ryves eandem navem the St. Peter et quecunque bona in eadem 
per Classem regiam seizita ab ulteriori detencione relaxanda et dicto 
Johanni Mallew Magistro dictae navis in usum eorundem proprie- 
tariorum tradenda fore decrevit; et commissionem ad eum effec- 
tum fieri. 

23. Petition of the Merchants of London trading to Rouen to the 

Duke of Buckingham. 
[S. P. Dom. Charles I. xx. 51.] 

162|, Feb. 8. To the right honourable the Duke of Buckingham, his Grace 
Lord High Admirall of England. 

The humble peticion of the Merchaunts of London tradinge to 
Roane, in Fraunce, Humbly shewing that it pleased his Majestic 
with advice of his Highnes most honorable privie Councell at 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 57 

Hampton Court the 18 th of December last to order that the shipp 
of Newhaven, called the St. Peeter, and all the goods therin laden, 
and all such other goods as should be found to appertaine unto the 
subjects of his Majestic of Fraunce, should be redelivered to such as 
should reclaime them. Since which time upon proof made in the 
Court of Admiralty that the goods laden in the said shipp of New- 
haven doe properly belong unto the French, it hath bein sentenced 
by the Judge of that Court that the said shipp and goods should be 
discharged, which was accordingly by allowance of the Commis- 
sioners performed, but the said shipp and goods are againe stayed 
by your Honors order (as the peticoners are informed). 

Now forasmuch as the French doe not only detaine your 
peticioners shipps and goods formerly arrested by the Governor of 
Newhaven by way of reprisall, but beeing impatient of delay have 
lately made a new arrest of two other shipps, and doe menace that 
they will proceed to arrest your peticoners factors goods and debts 
in all parts of that kingdome, in which course if they shall goe on 
not only the peticoners and many other Marchants of the West 
parts wilbe therby utterly ruinated in their estates, but also many 
thouzand of his Highnes poore subjects whose livelyhoods depend 
on the peticoners trade. 

Your Peticoners therfore doe humbly pray Your Grace wilbe 
pleased, the premises considered, to give presente order for the 
discharge of the said shipp and goods. And they as bound, &c. 

24. Extraict des Registres de la Court de Parlament \_de Rouen]. 

[S. P. France.] 

Sur al requeste presente par Charles Boullaye, Guillaume Le- i62f, Feb. 
breton, Charles de la Bris, Marie Hellot, veufve de Thomas Fauvel, 
Pierre Hellot, Philippe Le Coq, Charles de la Vigne, Pierre Billouet, 
taut pour eulx que pour Jehan Roze, Christofle de Nouillier, Jean 
Paniot le jeune, David de Beaulieu, Henry Cavelier, Jehan Papa- 

CAMD. SOC. I 



58 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

noine, Alonce de Challon, et autres marchands soubz signez en ladicte 
requeste, narrative, que depuis huict mois ou environs, il a este* 
charge en Espaigne sur divers navires Francois et Anglois grand 
nombre d'or et argent, cuyrs, cochenille, layne, gingenvre et autres 
effects de grande et notable valeur, raontant a plus d'un milion de 
livres pour apporter au Havre de Grace et Calais, et iceux delivrer 
ausdicts marchands ou leurs commis ; et bien que toutes les dictes 
marchandises appartiennent ausdicts marchands ou leurs amis tous 
originaires Fra^ois, et que le tout a este charge soubz la seurete 
des traites de paix, ce neantmoins les navires du Roy d'Angleterre 
ont pris et mene tous lesdicts navires et iceux conduicts aux Ports 
et Havres du diet Pays et faict descharger, et encor que les sup- 
plians aient envoie leurs cognoissements, et attestacions paraffees 
devant les juges de 1'Admiraulte, Conseilliers et Echevins de ceste 
ville pour faire veoir comme les marchandises et effects par eulx 
reclames leur apartenoient et a leurs amis originaires Fran9ois. 
Neantmoings ils nont peu obtenir delivrance, ny justice jusques a 
present sur leur requeste et suplication, et au contraire ils sont 
advertis que les juges et officiers du Roy d'Angleterre ont precede* 
a la vente des marchandises et effects deschargez et adjugez a cer- 
tains partisans pour la moitie de leur juste valeur sans au preable- 
ment avoir donne jugement sur la delivrance ou confiscation pre- 
tendue, et quelque instance que les proposez ou personnes envoie"s 
audict pais d'Angleterre aient peu faire depuis six a sept mois, ils 
n'ont peu obtenir jugement ny acte du juge de reffus de justice, et 
doubtant que la saisie de leurs marchandise est contre la liber te* de 
commerce et quelle emporte 1'entier et total mine desdicts mar- 
chands et de leurs families, il plaise a la Cour leur accorder et pro- 
mettre faire saisir et arrester tous navires marchandises scedule's 
et autres choses generalement quelzconques qui se trouveront apar- 
tenir aux subjects du Roy d'Angleterre tant en ce dicte ville de 
Rouen que par tout ailleurs en ce Royaume pour le tout estre mis 
et depose" en bonne et seure garde, et tenir lieu de seurete" et 
garantie jusques a ce qu'il leur ayt este prouver sur la restitution de 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 59 

leurs biens et marchandises ou de la valeur d'icelles avec interest et 
despens. 

Yeu par la Cour ladicte requeste, et oy le Conseiller Comrais- 
saire, ladicte Cour ayant esgard a ladicte requeste, oy la Procureur 
General du Koy Jewlam[?] et de son consentement a permis et 
permet auxdicts marchands faire saisir et arrester a leurs perils, 
fortune et danger les navires, et marchandises, effects, scedulles et 
autres choses generallement quelzconques qui a trouveront estre 
prouves appartenir auxdicts Anglais et autres subjects du Roy 
d'Angleterre et iceux faire mettre par bon et fidelle inventaire que 
sera faict et jure de Maistre de Marine du Procureur du Roy aux 
siege ordinaire ou de 1'Admiraulte des lieux ou se feront ladictes 
saisies et arrests, en magazins et lieux de seurete, et baillez en 
garde a personne solvable pour en respondre quand, a qui, et ainsy 
qu'il appaftiendra. Faict a Rouen en la dicte Cour de Parlement 
du vingtiesme jour de Febvrier, millesi ans vingt et six. 

DE BOREDENEQUI [?]. 

25. Minutes by Edward Nicholas to be submitted to the Duke of 
Buckingham [? Feb. 1626]. 

[S. P. Dom. xxi. 99, Extract.] 

That there may be a discharge under the great Scale for all the 1626, Feb. 
monnyes which were receaved or taken out of the prizes att Pli- A discharge, 
mouth by your Grace's commaund, and imployed for his Majestes 
service. There was in all about 9 or 10,000. This must be to When Mr. 
save harmelesse your Grace and all others imployed therein by you. 

26. Petition of John Geffrard and Rene Chevallier. 
[S. P. Dom. Charles I. xxii. 32.] 

To the Moste Gracious Prince, George Duke of Buckingham. 162 f> 

T j TJ- i. A j w Vi? i j March * 

Lord High Admirall ot iLngland. 



60 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

The humble peticion of John Geffrard and Kene* Chevallier, 
French, of Vitre and S* Mallo in Brittany. 

Showeing unto your Grace that sup[plian]ts coming passingers 
in the shipps the S* Claude and the Hope of Callis, withdraweing 
themselves from the comerce with Spaine because of the arrest 
there made upon Frenchmens goods for certayne reprisalls. "When 
the said ships were brought into Plymouth by Sir Francis Steward, 
knight, your grace being then there, they sup[plian]ts presented 
unto your Grace their humble petition showing their right in the 
marchandises, moneyes, and other things in the said ships and 
other of the comp[ani]e. Whereuppon your Grace aunswered them 
that it was requisite they should goe to London to declare unto the 
Judge of the Admiralty the things they pretended, which your 
sup[plian]ts did almoste 5 monthes since, being at great costs and 
charges as well in the sute in lawe as otherwise, to wete the said 
Geffrard at 100 U starring], and the said Chevallier at 120 n star- 
[ling], and thereby are hindered in their comerce and trade, being 
farr from their affaires and family ; and were constrained to borrowe 
the said monyes because that about 8 or 10 dayes after your Grace's 
departure from Plimouth aforesaid, Mr. Gabriell Marsh, accom- 
panied with the Mayor and officers at Plimouth, came unto the 
lodging of the sup[plian]ts aboute 10 and 11 aclock at night, and 
tooke from them that litle silver and gould, Jewells, chaine of 
gould, beazor stone, and other things mentioned in the acknow- 
ledgment, the copy whereof is hereunto annexed. And the said 
Mr. Marsh visiting the said ship, the S* Claude, amongst other 
things broke the padlock of the male of the said Chevalier, and 
seased and carried away the things mentioned in the note also here- 
unto annexed ; yea, the apparell and other things belonging to the 
said Geffrard in his trunck in the said ship the Hope, of which if 
neede bee the sup[plian]ts will make proofe. 

The premises considered, may it please your Grace to ordaine Sir 
Henry Martin, Judge of the Admiralty, that justice may speedily 
bee done to your sup[plian]ts, and likewise to comand the said 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 61 

Mr. Marsh to restore to the sup [plian]ts, the things mentioned in 
the said acknowledgment and note, and that speedy payment may 
bee made unto them, of the said 220 11 , to th'end they sup[plian]ts 
may make satisfaction unto their creditors to avoide the dommages 
they suffer for the said some. 

And the Petitioners, as by duty bound, shall ever pray, & * 

Inclosure 1. 
Notarial attestation of a receipt given by Gabriel Marsh. 

Plymouth. 

Whereas Mr. Mayor of Plymouth at a search made by vertue 
of a c[o]myssion in that behalf to hym directed for such goods as 
belonged to the shipes lately brought into that porte by his Ma ts 
fleete, was present at the fynding of theise particulers following, 
videlicet, one golde chayne weighing twentie and two ounces, half 
and half quarter, sixteene ounces to the pounde, one hatt bande of 
emrodes fortie and two in it, besydes three Jewells of emrodes for 
the claspes ; in double pistoletts three hundred thirty-one, in pieces 
of eight, thirty and two pounds; a little box of beazer stone, weighing 
nyne ounces and a quarter, moste of it broken in pieces, box and 
all. All theise severall parcells of g6ods I doe acknowledge to have 
receaved in the presence of him, the said Mr. Mayor, by the ap- 
poyntment of the Lord heighe Admirall of England uppon the 
account of the said goods belonging to the shippes above mentioned. 
In wittnes hereof I have hereunto sett my hand even the eleventh 
daye of October, 1625. Subscribed 

GABRIELL MARSHE. 

Bee it remembred that on the nyneteenth daye of October, 1625, 
I, Walter Glubb, an inhabitant of the towne of Plymouth and 
Attorney in the Courte there, being sent for to come before Mr. 
Nicholas Blake, Maior of Plymouth aforesaid, who then delivered 
to mee a wryting under the hand of Gabriel Marshe, whereof the 



62 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

above-written is a trewe copie examyned, to be by mee delivered 
over unto John Giffrard, Rene Chevallier, and John Mallewe. 
Wittnes my hand and seale, the daye and yere aforesaid. Sub- 
scribed per me, Walterum Glubb, and is sealed "with a seale in 
reade wax, under-printed upon. 



I Maior. 



The parties whose names are under-written ^ TT , -* r 

. . .. , . | Unto Mr. 

were at the delivery of the monney and 

goods within written. 

Sir John Cooke, Knight, 
John Richardson, 

Francis Cock, 

T>- i j T> i Constables. 

Richard Palmer, 

Nicholas Hewe, 
Richard Madicett, 

Richard Blake, } Sonne and servant 

Walter Deeble, j to Mr. Mayor. 

This indorsement above written is likewise a trewe copie of the 
indorsement upon the originall wryting so as aforesaid subscribed 
by the said Gabriell Marshe, witnes. Subscribed 

WALTER GLUBB. 

Haec copia originalis verbatim inventum est concordare per me 
notarium infrascriptura Londini commorantem quod attestor rogatus. 

JOSUA MAINET, Not 9 Pub ctta 1625. 

Inclosure 2. 

Memorandum of that which was taken at Plymouth from Rene 

Chevalier, passinger aboard the S' Claude of Callis, by Mr. Marsh, 

2 ruby stones cutt, 2 emerauld stones cut, one saphire stone faire 

and great, 8 gould buttons, 90 rawe stones of Cartagena, his bills 

of lading, writings, and boocks of accounte. 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 63 

Since the arrival! of the ship at London, hee. the said Chevallier, 1626, 

Mfl.ro ti 4 

was not suffered to have his clothes and apparell, but are still kept 
from him, to wete, one hatt, jurkin, doublet, and breeches, one 
paire of garters, and silke stockings, with a cloake and many other 
cloathes and things fitting for the sea. 

Also Mr. Marshe tooke from John Geffrard one truncke covered 
with read leather, two warlike furnitures and their bandeliers with 
a garnished with silver, one girdle embroydered with Blank in MS. 

gould, 2 gould rings. 

Indorsed by Nicholas : R. 4 Martii, 1625. French 
passengers in the S* Claude ag* Marshe. 

[Indorsed.'] 

27. A Letter to Mr. de Quester from Calais. 
[S. P. France.] 

Sir, 

My duty remembered with hope of your good health, &c. Sir, being 162|, Mar. $. 
at Dover, some occation fallinge at Callis I had to doe, I went over, 
and heare I found the bearer heareof, my confrere Carell Decampe, 
who hath beene manifested this 14 or 15 dayes to my knowledge, and 
hee hath beene divers and sundreye tyrnes before the Governer of this 
towne, who gave him no regard at all butt gave him verey froward 
and untoward speeches, and with all tould him that hee would keepe 
him tell such tyme as there weare a great manye more of his 
fellowes with him ; for the Ambassadors man came over and made 
a great complaint of theyr il usidge in England, wheare uppon hee 
vowed to bee even with our Inglish. Also there is an arest made 
per these Dunkerk marctants, which are heare towne dwellers 
which doe alredye repent theyr bargin, for all the towne doth stand 
with our merchants against them, and doe apose against them, and 
withall have drawne a generall protest against them, and also the 
custom howse hath protested against them in the huyest degree, 



64 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

afferminge howe they have nott onlye in a manner hindred the 
towne, butt that theye have spoilled and hindred the Kinge of a 
greate deale of monye which they should have received for the 
customs of mannye ships laden with goodes, so that they have a 
protested for great damage and interest ; so that they have in a 
manner offered to withdraw theyr arest conditioned that the custom 
howse will withdraw theyr protest, butt that theye will nott yett 
doe by reasson of theyr great losse which they have sustained. 
Yesternight in sight of all the towne came over the Have-at-all of 
Dover, and carryed a waye 3 of theyr shipes out of the road, where 
there was one amongst them which had 9 peeces of ordinance, 
which hath mad a great stirr amongst them ; also the frigetts. of 
Gravelin are everye morninge before the Harbar. Newes is come 
from Mr. Eandall that the Dunkerkers have taken 3 Inglysh 
barkes ; one of them came out of Italy laden with allom, and hath 
6 pieces of ordynance ; also one is an empty ship bound for New- 
castell, butt the men saved themselfes ashore in theyr boat ; the 
other is one, as I doe understand, laden with hearinges or such lyke 
kind of fish : and newe wee heard this day that all is cleare in 
France which was arested, which hath caused some bodyes 
dischardg. Newes otherwise is none butt that stale newes which 
came per the Spanysh ordenarye of an extraordY flud, manye people 
perysht as cattell, and theyr shippinge droven upp uppon drye 
ground, in such manner as ar never to bee recovered, except they 
doe pull them in peeces. Hear is also a fresh mann of warr come 
in the road this present about 3 aclock in the afternoone attendinge 
purchase, 1 " butt if they had come butt 3 dayes sooner they had mett 
with five or six shippes principally laden with Spaniardes goods ; 
our Dover boat, as I doe hear, hath purchassed one, which is one 
of the 3, butt if hee had had butt 30 or 40 men more hee had caryd 
away abov 8 or 9 savle. Theye came tumblinge in this daye 5 or 6 
one uppon anothers backes, butt one of them is come aground 
uppon the barr verye daingerouslye ; I feare mee hee will scarse 

* have had, MS. b Looking for a prize. 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 65 

ever come free of, except it prove extroordinarye faire whether. 
Thus with my duty takinge my leave, prayeinge for your prosperous 
presseinge, &c. Will Coole is loose, as Mr. Randall doth write, and 
will bee heare verey shortlye. 

Your worships dutyfulle servante to coniand. 

28. List of ships of the enemy proceeded against in the Court 
of Admiralty since May 1624. 

[S. P. Dom. Charles I. xxvii. 104.] 

A schedule of such shippes, whether Piraticall, Turkishe, or 1626, May. 
belonginge to the Enemye, which appeareth by the Records of 
the Admiraltye to have bene proceeded againste in that Courte 
since Maye 1624. The directe tymes when those shippes were 
seized doeth not appeare, But the tymes when the suites against 
those shippes there begann were as followeth. 

A shippe called a Pallachra, a recovered by Englishe from Turkishe June 1624. 
pirattes and broughte to Weymouth. 

Three shippes, viz. the Younge Prince, the Neptune, and the June 1624. 
Goulden Lyon, seized by the Kinges* shippe the Charles in the south 
of Cornewall. 

A shippe called the Goulden Faulcon, belonginge to Captayne August 1624. 
Browne, brought to Portsmouth and there seized. 

A carvell, seized by Sir Richard Bingley in the Downes. August 1624. 

A shippe without name, founde as a derelicte, broughte to the Sept. 1624. 
portes of Cornewall and there seized by Sir James Bagge. 

A shippe called the Orange Tree, of Venhusen in Hollande, bet. 1624. 
seized at Weymouth, 

A shippe called the White Dove, taken by George Herryott and Oct. 1624. 
his Ccmpanye, broughte to Fowy in Cornewall, and there [? seized] 
by Sir James Bagge. 

a ? Polacca. 
CAMD. SOC. K 



66 



THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 



lodem 
icnse. 

fov. 1624. 



iodem 
icnse. 

lodem 
lense. 

!odem 
lense. 

Jodem 
lense. 

February 1624 



Codem 
icnse. 

Codem 
lense. 

lay 1625. 



Codem 
aense. 

rune 1625. 



!odem 

lense. 



A shippe called the St. Julyan, broughte to Fowy aforesayd and 
there seized by James Bagge. 

A shippe called the Speedwell, belongeinge to Edward Yates, 
a piratt, broughte into Fowy and there seized by Sir James 
Bagge. 

A pincke called the redd Lyon, broughte by Adrian Marten and 
his Companye into Fowy, and there seized by Sir James Bagge. 

A carvell belonginge to Turkes pirattes, brought to Plymouth 
and their seized. 

A shippe called the Greene Drake, broughte to London and 
there arrested. 

A shippe called the Flinte, broughte to Appledore in Devon 
and there seized. 

A shippe without name, recovered from Turkes pirattes and 
broughte to Plymouthe and their seized by Sir James Bagge. 

An Irishe shippe, recovered from Dutch pirattes and broughte 
to Plymouth and there seized. 

A shippe called the Flyeinge Hart, brought to Tingmouth a in 
Devon and there seized. 

A shippe called the Walthewe, seized by the Kinges shippe 
(wherof Christopher Harris was captayne) and broughte to 
Bristowe. 

A Dutch shippe laden with sugars, seized by the Lord George 
at Hurst. 

A shippe called the Joshua, belonginge to Robert Hayott, piratt, 
broughte to Dartmouth and their seized. 

A small shippe belongeinge to Richard Quayle, broughte to 
Portsmouth and there seized. 



* This was recently the local pronunciation of Teignmonth, if it is not so still. 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 



67 



Shippes seized by the Kinges fleet. 

The St. Claude. 

The Esperanza. 

The St. Marye. 

The Paradice. 

The Sea venture. 

The St. Peter of Lubestate. 

The St. Peter of Callice. 
Seized as The St. James of Dover. 

belonginge to < The St. Andrewe of Amsterdam. Novem- 1625. 

the Enemye. The St. Andrewe of Callice, 

The St. Peter of Haver de Grace. 

The Kinge David of Dover. 

The St. Anne. 

The St. George. 

The St. James of Callice. 

The St. Nicholas. 

The St. Luke of Lubestate. 

The Blue Dove and the Bloome Pott, seized as Piratticall shippes. Novem: 1625. 

The shippes the Faulcon and the Starre, seized by that Fleete NOV. 1625. 
as Piratticall shippes. 

The Orange tree, seized at Weymouth. Eodem 

The shippe the St. Peter of Dunkerke, seized and broughte to Jannaryel625. 
Portsmouth. 

The shippe the Blessinge of Burnt Hand, seized by Letters of Eodem 
Reprizall graunted to Pawson and others and broughte to Ports- m 
mouth. 

The Reed Lyon, seized by his Majesties shippes and broughte to Eodem 
Portsmouth. mense - 

The shippe the Fortune, Jasper Nao, master, seized and broughte Eodem 
to Portsmouth. mense> 

The shippe the Hope, Robert Lopeene, master, seized and Eodem 
broughte to Portsmouth. 



mense. 



68 



THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 



The shippe the St. Peter, broughte to Plymouth by Mons. 
Soubieze. 

The Hope of Roterdam, broughte by pirattes to St. Ives in 
Cornewall, and there seized by the Vice-Admirall. 

The Griffin, of Hamborowe, seized by Sir Henrye Palmer, 
Knighte, in the Downes, and sent to London. 

The shippe the St. Marye of Callice, wherof Michael Daggobert 
was master, seized by the Kinges shippe, wherof one Bushell is 
captayne, are sent to London. 

The shippes the St. John Baptiste, the Goulden Rose, and the 
Goulden Sunne seized by Sir James Bagge in the south of 
Cornewall. 

The shippe the St. Peter of Waterford, seized by Sir Henrye 
Palmer and sente to London. 

The shippe the St. James of Dansicke, seized by the Kinges 
Fleete in Ireland and brought to Portsmouth. 

The shippe the Fortune of Hamboroughe, taken by the Kinges 
fleete and broughte to Bristowe. 

The shippe the St. Peter of Roane, seized by Sir James Bagge 
at Plymouth and broughte aboute to London. 

The shippe the King David of Hamborowe, stayed by Sir James 
Bagge at Plymouth. 

The shippe the Gifte of God, of Wey mouth, seized by Captayne 
Osborne and broughte to London. 

The shippe the Anne of St. Malloes, seized by the sayde 
Captayne Osborne and broughte to London. 

A Turkishe shippe, broughte to Plymouth and there seized by 
Sir John Ellyott. 

A shippe called the Greyhounde, seized by the Kinges fleete and 
broughte to London. 

A Turkish man of warre, recovered by Englishe from Turkishe 
pirattes, seized by Captayne Mason in Ireland and since broughte 
to Plymouth. 



THE ST. PETER OF HAVRE DE GRACE. 69 

A shippe called the Fortune of Dunkerke, seized by Captayne Eodem 
Harris and Capteyne Button in the Hector and Alathia. 

A shippe called the Redd Hart, seized by the Kinges fleet and Eodem 
, , r j mense. 

broughte to London. 

A shippe called the St. Jacob of Dansicke, seized by Sir John Eodem 
_,. ~ . , -~ , mense. 

Elliott, Knighte, at Dartmouth. 

A shippe called the Faulccn of Dundee, taken by the William Sept. 1625. 
and Thomas of London by vertue of Letters of Reprizall graunted 
to Samuell Pawson and others and broughte to Portsmouth. 

A shippe called the St. Jacob of Danske, taken by the sayd Eodem 

incuse. 

shippe by vertue of the same Commission and brought to Ports- 
mouth. 

A shippe called the St. Peter of Lisborne, taken by the Marye Ma y 1626 - 
Rose of Bristoll by vertue of Letters of Reprizall graunted to 
William Pitt and others of Bristoll and broughte to Bristoll. 

A shippe, the St. Peter of Wexford, seized by Sir John Chud- A P rin 1626 - 
leigh, Knighte, in the Raynebowe and broughte to Plymouth. 



29. Notes by Edward Nicholas. 
[S. P. Dom. Charles I. xxvii. 106.] 

The St. Peter. 

1. The first sentence in the Admiralty Court. 1626, Maj. 

2. The deposicions of wittnesses taken after the stay made after 
the interlocutorie sentence. 

3. The Coppy of the Duke's lettre to the 6 Advocatts. 

4. The Inventorie by which the goods were delivered to Mr. 
Marshe. 

5. The sentence of discharge after new proofe examyned. 

6. The Article betweene England and Fraunce touching the 
illegalnes of embarguing. 

7. The Decree att Roan. 



70 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

The 10,000 from Indea merchaunts.* 

1. The informative Proofes, the Sentence and all the Acts and 
proceedings in the Admiralty Court. 

2. All the notes of the Companies booke touching the con- 
ferences and agreement. . 

3. The Treaties betweene Spaine and England. 

[Indorsed] Proofes concerning the St. Peter and the 
East India Company. 

* The remainder refers to other articles of the charge. 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 71 



PART IV. DOCUMENTS RELATING TO ARTICLE VI. 

[In the sixth article the Duke is charged with extorting 10,OOOZ. 
from the East India Company, "hearing some good success that those 
merchants had at Ormuz." On March 1, 162|, he moved the 
Lords then assembled in Parliament, whether he might not stay 
the ships of the Company then going out. Upon their assent he 
stayed them on March 5. He followed up this step, which, though 
it is not stated in the article, was ostensibly taken on the ground 
that the services of ,the ships might be needed in the impending 
war, by bringing an action in the Admiralty Court against the 
Company for 15,OOOZ., said to have been piratically taken by some 
of the Company's captains. It was only upon their giving him 
10,000/. that he allowed the ships to sail. The course of the affair 
may be traced in the following documents.] 



Court Minutes of the East India Company. 
[Court Minnie Book, yi. 24.] 

Mr. Deputee reported further that it pleased his Ma tie to summon 1523, July 23. 
by an express messenger Mr. Governor and himself with some 
others of the Companie to attend him att Whitehall uppon Sunday 
last* in the morning, and for as much as Mr. Governor's health did 
not then permitt him, Mr. Deputie, accompanied with some of the 
Committees, went to Whitehall, where, uppon notice given to his 
Ma tie of their beeing there, he sent for them in, and, commaunding 
the Chamber to be voyded of all other company, he tould them that 
he had understood from the Duke of Buckingham that the com- 
panie had before his going promised to grattifie him, the said Duke, 

" July 20. At this time Buckingham was still in Spain. 



72 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

that promise also confirmed since att a Courte; he therefore advised 
them to do it now in his absence, and that in so doing the guift 
will come the more acceptably, because thereby it would appeere 
they had bene mindfull of him; he said further (and spake it cheere- 
fully) that the grattifficacion to the Duke had bene staid untill the 
busines of Ormuz a were cleered ; the King tould them their shippes 
were now come from thence, so as he doubted not but they would 
answere it well enough ; and, therefore, now they might perfourme 
what they intended. Mr. Deputy made answeare that they their 
present were but a few, and could not do anie such thing alone; 
but he would moove it to the Company, and his Ma tie should have 
an accompt thereof; the King willed him so to doe, and that in 
anie case they should send him their answere wheresoever he should 
be in progress. The Courte considered of the favours formerly 
done to the Companie by the said Lo: Admirall, and the continuall 
use they shall have of his favor ; and that this business of Ormuz 
(how well soever to be answeared of the Companies parte) maie 
find a strong opposicion. Also, howsoever it had pleased the King 
formerly to saie that the Lo: Admirall should have nothing from 
the Companie for the busines with the Dutch, b yet it is both fitt to 
gratiffie him, and it appeares to be expected att their handes. It 
was also remembred that att such time as the rest of the Lordes 
were grattiffied, it was resolved to grattiffie him also, that the same 
resolucion had been confirmed att anoather Court, but no somme 
sett downe. It was therefore now propounded what somme wilbe 
fitt to be geven to the Lo : Admirall as well for his favors shewen 
the Corapanie in the last treaty with the Dutch as to sweeten him 
for their future occasions, and particularly for that of Ormuz. The 

n The East India Company's ships had in 1622 taken Ormuz from the Portuguese 
for the Shah. The Portuguese were the subjects of the King of Spain, who had 
complained. (See Egerton MSS. 1131, fol. 169.) James however took no further 
notice of the Spanish complaint, except to use it to obtain money for Buckingham. 

b The difficulties with the Dutch East India Company, which had been temporarily 
settled by the Treaty of 1619. The Lords who had supported the East India Com- 
pany in the negotiation had been gratified with presents. 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 73 

Courte with one consent agreed and ordered that he shall have two 
thousand poundes : and Mr. Deputie and Mr. Munnes were en- 
treated to acquaint his Ma tie with the Courtes resolucion. 

2. Examinations in the Court of Admiralty about the taking 
of a Portuguese ship. 

[S. P. East Indies, ii. 84.] 

11 Decembris, 1623. 

John Weddall, of Ratcliffe, in the Countie of Middlesex, gent., 1623, Dec. 11. 
aged forty yeares or thereabouts, examined before the right wor 11 
S r Henry Marten, Knighte, Judge of His Ma ts Highe Courte of 
Admiraltie, uppon certeine Articles ministred on the behalfe of the 
Lord Highe Admirall of England.* 

To the firste hee aunswereth and saieth, That hee went out of 
the Downes bound for the East Indyes in Aprill nexte shalbee 
three yeares, in the shippe the Jonas, whereof hee was Captaine 
and Commaunder, and was Admirall to and had alsoe the comaunde 
of three other shippes, viz*, the Whale, the Dolphin, and the Lyon, 
and was in that voyage xxix moneths, and arrived againe in the 
Downes from that voyage in July laste. 

To the second hee saieth, That at the Cape, bound out uppon that 
voiage, hee overtooke twoe other of the companies shippes, viz 1 , 
the Rose and the Dicke, and those twoe shippes hee alsoe to6ke 
into his Fleete, and commaunded them as the reste, and sailinge 
in companie togeather betwixte the Islandes of Comero and the 
Hand of Saccatra, the little Dicke, by misty and foggy weather, 
loste the companie of the rest of the Fleete, and the next day she 
mett with a Portugall shippe there that shott at her (as her 
companie have tolde this Examinate), and then the Dicke entered 
into fighte with her and surprised her, and afterwards broughte 

The object of these examinations was to show the large value of prizes taken in 
the East Indies, in order to claim either the whole value if they were piratically 
taken, or the Lord High Admiral's tenths if they were legally taken. 
CAMD. SOC. L 



74 



THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 



her the said Portugall to Surrat to this Examinate and the rest of 
the Fleete ; and afterwards nere Ormous, when the Castle was take- 
inge there, some Portugalls runninge away in a smalle friggott, this 
Examinates companie in their barges tooke her and seized her, And 
these were all the shippes, or other vessells, that this Examinate 
or any of his Fleete tooke the said voyage. 

To the third hee saieth, That the Portugall shippe that the Dicke 
tooke as aforesaid had then in her waxe, and elephants teeth, and 
some few other trifles, but the quantity thereof he knoweth not, 
wch were altogeather seen and veiwed by certeine merchants, on 
the East Indya Companies behalfe, and certeine pursers on the 
marriners behalfe, that were chosen as indifferent men to make an 
estimacion thereof, which valued the same altogeather at sixe 
thousand pounds and noe more. And in that shippe there was 
neither moneyes nor Jewells that ever hee sawe, or heard of, and 
the friggott taken as aforesaid was empty and had nothinge in her 
wherein the Portugalls were runninge away as aforesaid. 

To the fowerth hee saieth, That whatsoever was taken in the 
said Portugall shippe to this Examinates knowledge was all 
delivered into the hands of Thomas Rasdell, president for the 
companie at Surratt, for the companies use, but how hee disposed 
thereof, or where the same now remaineth, hee knoweth not, 
Savinge the said Rasdell devided a sixte parte of the same 
amongest the companie of this Examinates Fleete, and the shippe 
was restored againe to the Portugalls. 

To the fifte hee saieth, That hee was at the takeinge of Ormous 
in the Jonas aforesaid, whereof hee was then commaunder, and there 
were present at that action besides the Jonas these shippes, viz*, 
the Whale, the Dolphin, and the Robert, wch were all under this 
Examinates commaund, and the London and the Shillinge, whereof 
Captaine Richard Blith was commaunder, and this was in Aprill 
last was a twelve moneth. 

To the sixte hee saieth, That the Englishe at the takeinge of 
Ormous had and gained there aboute fiftye smalle sparcks of 



THE BAST INDIA COMPANY. 76 

diamonds, some chaines of golde, and other Jewells, some plate, 
monies, bullion, panthathoes, callicoes and other Indyan goods, 
but the quantityes thereof hee cannott declare. All wch diamonds. 
Jewells, money, goods, and whatsoever ells to this Examinates 
knowledge that were had or gained at the taking of Ormous as 
aforesaid by any of the Englishe were put togeather, and received 
by the President of Zurratt and his assistants for the merchants, 
and Captaine Blith, and this Exanimate and others for the 
marriners, and by them valued all togeather at twoe and twenty 25 > oou - 
thousand pounds as hee remembreth, but hee beleeveth the same 
were worth five and twenty thousand pounds, arid not above at the 
utmost, as he beleeveth. 

To the seaventh hee saieth, That all the monies, Jewells, goods, 
or other thinges that to his knowledge were had or gained by any 
of the Englishe at Ormous were delivered into the handes of the 
said Thomas Rasdell, President of the Englishe at Zurratt, and 
Giles James, the booke keeper there, whoe received the same for 
the companies use, and a sixte parte thereof they delivered 
amoungest the companies of the foresaid shippes. 

16 Decembris, 1623. 

Richard Blith, of Gravesend, gent., aged 45 yeares or there- 
abouts, examined before^the right Wor 11 S r Henry Marten, Knighte, 
Judge of his Ma ta Highe Courte of Admiralty uppon certeine 
Articles ministred on the behalfe of the Lord Highe Admirall of 
England. 

To the first of the said Articles hee answereth and saieth, That 
in Anno 1619 hee went from England, bound for the East Indyes 
in the shippe the Hart, whereof hee was captaine and commaunder, 
beinge vice-admirall to Captaine Shillinge in the London, that was 
Admirall of the Fleete, and hee returned from that voyage in 
July last. 

To the second he saieth, That in the said voyage Captaine 
Shillinge first tooke a Portugall ship uppon the quoaste of Indya, 



76 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

afterwards bound for the Redd sea, this Examinate being then 
Admirall of that Fleete (Captaine Shillinge beinge slaine), tooke 
an Tndyan shippe belonginge to the Portugalls, and in the same 
passage hee tooke a friggot of about threescore tonns, alsoe 
belongeinge to the Portugalls, and returninge from Indya againe 
hee tooke another smalle shippe (as this Examinant remembreth) to 
the Portugalls; and those were all the shipps, friggots, or other 
vessells, that this Examinate or the Fleete that hee was of tooke 
that voyage, which were all taken within the yeares 1620 and 1621. 
But hee saieth that afterwards at Ormous, this Examinate and 
Captaine Weddall, with their two fleetes, suncke and burnt five 
gallyoons, and a great galley belcnginge to the Portugalls. 

To the third he saieth, That in the first shippe taken by 
Captaine Shillinge as aforesaid, there was nothinge but twoe 
and forty Arabian horses, and (as this Examinate hath heard) 
aboute a hundred pounds in coyned golde, and that money was 
delivered unto Mr. Kerridge then president for the companie at 
Zurratt, and the shippe and all the horses were afterwards burnt in 
the firste fighte with the Portugalls at Jasques. In the second 
shippe taken as aforesaid were onely provision of victualls, as ryce, 
wheate, and other kindes of graines, which the Englishe, wantinge 
victualls, were forced to make use, but noe Jewells, money, goods, or 
other merchandices were then in her, and that ship was soe leake 
that the Englishe broke her upp for fyer wood as old and unusefull. 
In the third vessell taken as aforesaid beeing a friggott was taken 
onely some certeine ingotts and chaines of golde, the number or 
value thereof hee knoweth not nor can remember, and some baggs 
of white money, but how many they were or the contents of any of 
them he remembreth not, with some certeine parcells of wett cloth, 
the number whereof hee remembreth not, which ingotts and chaines 
of golde, white money, and cloth was all delivered to one Mr. 
Rastell, then and now President of Zurratt, and the friggott was 
old and rotten, and therefore layed upp at Zurratt aforesaid, and 
in the fowerth shippe taken as aforesaid there was onely twenty 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 77 

thousand or thereabouts of lawrees, beinge peeces of silver, every 
peece worth e aboute tenn pence, which belonged to a Guzzeratt, 
and were afterwards restored to him, and nothinge ells, and the 
shippe was afterwards given to the Portugalls; and those were all 
the Jewells, moneys, or goods, that were taken in the said shipps 
and other vessells, which were disposed of as aforesaid, onely a 
sixte parte thereof was devided amoungeste the companie of the 
Englishe Fleete. 

To the fifte, sixte, and seaventh hee saieth, That hee was at the 
takeinge of Ormous in the London, whereof hee was then corn- 
maunder, and at that action there was a pinnace called the Andrew 
under this Examinates commaund, arid under the commaund of 
Captaine Weddall the shipps the Jonas, the Whale, and the 
Dolphin, which was aboute April 1621, and there was delivered by 
the Persians at that action to the Englishe certeine Jewells, golde, 
plate, and other goods, the quantityes or kindes whereof hee 
cannott now remember, which were all put together and estimated 
by certeine people of the country appointed thereunto by the 
president and factors at Zurratt at twenty thousand pounds or Persians gave 
thereabouts as this Examinate remembreth, which were soe equally a bont r 
estimated that any man might have boughte the same as twas 20 ' 00 li - 
valued as aforesaid, and this was all that the Englishe had at 
Ormous, which was all delivered to the said M r Rastall president 
for the Englishe at Zurratt, and hee devided a sixte parte thereof 
amoungeste the marrieners, and kepte the rest for the companies 
behalfe Savinge that the Persians gave the Englishe there, which 
are now in India, for the companies use, tenn peeces of ordenance 
in regard e the Englishe complained that their shipps were unfur- 
nished of ordenance by reason of some of their Ordenance that 
were formerly broken in fighte with the Portugalls. 

22 Decembris, 1623. 

Charles Clevenger of London, gent, aged 46 yeares or thereabouts, 
examined as aforesaid, saieth as followeth. 



78 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

To the firste Article hee saieth, That hee departed out of the 
Downes bound forth for the East Indyes, uppon the sixtenth day 
of March 1618 in the shippe the Paulsgrave whereof hee was 
comaunder and was admirall and had the commaund of the 
Elsabeth and Hope that were of the Paulsgraves Fleete, and 
arrived in the Downes from that voyage in Auguste laste. 

To the seconde, third, and fowerth Articles hee saieth, That in 
the yeare 1620, betwene the Maneloies and China this Examinate 
and his foresaid Fleete that was under his commaunde, togeather 
with five shippes of the Dutch in his companie, tooke seaven juncks 
belonging to the Chiness, wherein they tooke some silkes, taffaty, 
and satten callicoes, and linnen cloth, and other such like com- 
modityes (the quantityes whereof hee cannott specefye), which 
were all put togeather and at Japan valued by fower Englishe and 
fower Dutch merchants at fourescore thousand peeces of 8 : and 
then one halfe thereof was delivered to one Captaine Specke, chiefe 
factor there, for the Dutch, and the other halfe to one Captaine 
Coxe, the president there for the Englishe, to the use of each 
companie, but how they have disposed thereof hee cannott declare, 
and more then the foresaid goods there was not any thinge taken 
in the said junckes to his knowledge, and the nexte yeare folio w- 
inge in the same place this Examinate with his Fleete, and five 
Dutch shippes then alsoe in his companie, tooke twoe other junckes 
then belonginge alsoe to the Chiness, wherein they tooke good store 
of rawe silke, twisted silke, damaske tafiatyes, and sattens, with 
many other commodityes, but noe Jewells, pretious stones, gold, or 
silver whatsoever (the quantityes whereof hee cannott declare), but 
the same were all delivered, the one halfe to the foresaid Captaine 
Coxe, for the Englishe companies behalfe; and the other to the 
foresaid Captaine Specke, for the Dutch Companies behalfe, but 
00,000 ryalls were not estimated when this Examinate came from Japan, but 
tie e CMnes m this Examinate and others, at large, estimated the same to bee 
worth aboute twoe hundred thousand ryalis of 8 : and these were 
all the vessells, shippes, or goods that this Examinate or any of his 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 79 

Fleete tookc the said voyage, save onely twoe smalle friggotts 
belonginge to the Portugall, in the one beeinge nothinge but a few 
deares hides, a little sugar, and three or fower bayles of silke worth 
aboute three hundred pounds sterlinge, and in the other good store 
of silke and taffatyes and other commodityes to the value of aboute 
fower thousand pounds, which were all delivered to the said Coxe 
and Specke at Japan, but there was noe monies, Jewells, or any- 
thinge ells in those Iriggotts to this Examinates knowledge. 

To the 5, 6, and 7 th Articles hee can saye nothinge because hee 
was not at the takeinge of Ormous. 

3 Januarii, 1623. 

Gamaliel Embrey chirurgeon, lyeinge in greate Eastcheape, 
London, at the signe of the Christopher, aged thirty yeares or there- 
abouts, sworne and examined before the right wor 11 S r Henry 
Marten, Knighte, Judge of his Mat 8 highe Courte of Admiraltye, 
uppon certeine Articles ministred on his Majestyes behalfe, saieth 
thereto as followeth. 

1. Hee saieth, That in the shippe the London whereof hee was 
chirurgeons mate, hee went out of the Downes bound for the 
East Indyes the 25 th day of March 1619 and he saith that the 21 st 
day of November 1620 the shipp London, in companie of the 
Robucke betwixte Indya and Persia, mett with a Portugalle shippe 
laden with dates racens and horses, which after a shott or twoe 
yeelded to them, whereupon they putt ashore the men, but the 
shippe and ladinge they kepte about a moneth, after which time 
the Hart and Eagle returninge from Persia, for feare of fower 
Portugall shippes that laye there in wayte for them, and joyneinge 
companie with the London and Robucke, went all fower togeather 
to Jasques roade, where the said Portugall men of war laye, to 
keepe them out of the harbour, and there the nexte day after their 
comeinge thither the Portugall men of warr sett upon them, and 
in that fighte their foresaid prize with all the horses and dates then 
in her were burnt, but some parte of the dates, as alsoe some 



80 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

quantitye of racens taken in her, were taken out of her by the 
Englishe, which they eate, and spente for their provision, and 
besides they had pilladged the Portugalls of such silver and other 
goods as they had aboute them, but to what value hee knoweth 
not. 

2. Further hee saith, That the Hart and the Eagle before they 
mett with the London and Roebucke had taken twoe Portugall 
prizes, the one laden with stuffe, and the other with dates, which 
after they had somewhat pillaged they dismiste, because the Por- 
tugall men of warr were then ceere them and chased them, but what 
the value of that pilladge was hee cannot tell. 

3. Further hee saieth, That on the 27 th day of January 1620, 
the foresaid foure Englishe shippes tooke another Portugall man of 
warr by Duehead, and called her the Andrew, in which shippe 
was noe other goods but municion. 

4. More hee saith, That uppon the firste of May, 1621, the 
foresaid three shippes, the London, Hart, and Roebucke, tooke 
another Portugall prize betwixte Indya and the Redd Sea, laden 
with ryce, pepper, and China ware, which prize they named the 
May Flower, but the value of that which they tooke in her hee 
knoweth not, but what was in her they tooke into the London all 
but the ryce, which was solde in Arabia, and suncke the shippe. 

5. Hee further saith, That May the seaventh folio winge the said 
three shippes tooke another Portugalle prize, which they termed a 
golden prize, but she was afterwards named the Primrose, the 
ladeinge was golde, silver, and ebonywood, which wood the 
Roebucke broughte for Englande, but the golde and silver was 
disposed of by the merchant factors in Indya, the value whereof 
hee knoweth not. 

6. Hee alsoe saieth, That the thirtenth day of October followeinge 
the said three shipps tooke a fifte Portugal! prize which they called 
the Shillinge, but in the chase the Portugalls ran her ashoare, and 
gott out of her, and carryed away with them most of her ladinge 
of value, soe that there was onely a little smalle pilladge left in 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 81 

* 

her for the Englishe, And aboute that time one of the Portugall 
prizes called the Andrew manned with the Englishe, beinge sente 
before to Zurratt by the way tooke a Chawle juncke with greate 
store of treasure in her, and carryed her to Swaley roade, where 
was the Jonas and her fleete come from England, and they had 
carryed the treasure aboard the Jonas, before the London, Hart, 
and Roebucke could come thither, soe as this Examinate did not 
see the same but heard of that as a notorious thinge, and that was 
disposed of, by the captain and merchaunts there, but the value 
thereof hee knoweth not. 

7. Hee alsoe further saith, That Aprill the 23 th 1622 (one which 
day the Caslle of Ormous was yeelded upp), a country boate putt 
of from the Castle, with Portugalls in her, and fell into the hands 
of the Englishe with forty thousand pounds of treasure in her, 40 QOO" att 
which hee the rather is induced to affirme, because the 24 th of Or 
September 1622, when the shipps returned to Zurratt againe, the 
merchaunts there spent some good time in tellinge and weighinge 
of the gold that came from Ormous. 

Besides hee saieth, That the twoe captaines, viz 4 , Richard Blith, 
captaine of the London, and John Weddal, captaine of the Jonas, 
had each of them houses in Ormous to share the pillage in. 

9 Januarii 1623 stilo Anglie. 

James Beaversham of Ipswich, in the county of Suffolcke marriner, 
aged 44 yeares or thereabouts, examined before the right wor 11 S r 
Henry Marten, Knighte, Judge of his Majestyes highe Courte of 
Admiralty, uppon certeine Articles ministred on the behalfe of the 
Lord highe Admirall of England, aunswereth thereto as followeth. 

To the firste hee saieth, That hee departed out of the Downes 
bounde for the East Indyes the firste daye of Aprill 1621, in the 
shippe the Lyon, whereof this Examinate was then commaunder, and 
there were then in her companie, and of her fleete, the shipps the 
Jonas, the Whale, and the Dolphin, and hee arrived here in England 
from that voyage in July last. 

CAMD. SOC. M 



82 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

To the seconde, third, and fowerth Articles hee saieth, That the 
said shipps saylinge togeather for the Indyes to the eastward of the 
Cape overtooke twoe other of the companies shipps called the Rose 
and Richard, bound alsoe for the Indyes, and those shipps then 
sailed alonge in companie of the rest aforesaid, and sailinge soe 
togeather in Auguste 1621, in an eveninge, the Richard beinge 
aboute a league ahead of the rest of the Fleete, to the westward of 
the Island of Soccatore discovered a Portugal! shippe, and chased 
and tooke her, and carryed her to Zurratt in Indya: and that 
Portugall was laden with elephants teeth, gum, and the like, but 
the quantityes or values hee knoweth not, which was all delivered 
over to Mr. Rasdell, the President at Zurratt, for the Companies use, 
and more then that shippe and goods to his knowledge the fleete 
that hee was of did not take anythinge, savinge a smalle friggott 
that they tooke from the Arabians uppon the quoaste of Arabia 
which had noe merchandize in her nor anythinge ells, savinge 
some money in Cheekeens a and Spannishe money (the juste some 
whereof hee doth not now remember), but hee saieth yt was not 
above seaven hundred pounds, which was alsoe delivered to the 
foresaid Rasdell for the companies use. 

To the 5, 6, and 7 th Articles hee can say nothinge, because hee 
was not at the takeing of Ormous, but was gone for the Redd Sea, 
twoe moneths before the castle was taken. 

96,000" & 240,000 peeces or ryalls of 8. 



3. Notes of prizes taken in the East Indies. 
[S. P. East Indies, iii. 2.] 

L62|, Jan. 20. Concerning the spoiles & depradations made in the Indies. 
It appeareth by the depositions, That the companie is ~) 
possessed of goods taken from the Portugalls at Ormous > 26,000 U 
& at sea, which are valued by themselves at ) 

Sequins. 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 



83 



28 3 000 U 



The Golden prise 
Stuff prise 

Besides j Date prise unvalued. 

Ryce prise 

1 7 peeces of Ordinance 

And of goods taken from the Chineses valued also by "l 

themselves at j 

Besides the Chalow jounck rich in treasore unvalued. 

Total valued 54,000 U 

which with the prizes unvalued can not bee ^ _ nnnw 
so litle as } 

Theis goods were taken either by piracie from frends or by 
reprisal from enimies. 

That they were piraticallie taken may appeare : because 
The Portugalls are in his M ts confederacie, & though by treatie 
with the Hollanders, the Companie is allowed to maintaine shipps 
of warre for defence of theire trade yet they are not therby 
warranted to assaile, or to use depredation or spoile. 

The Chineses and other infidels, though they bee no confederats, 
yet ther is no hostilitie betwixt his M^ & them : & having enter- 
course of trade with his subjects in those parts, are thereby in his 
peace. 

If for theis reasons the goods were piratically taken then 
both the goods and the ships that tooke them are forfeated 
to your Grace : & the takers and their estats are at his M ts 
mercie. 

But if in a more favorable construction our confederacie with 
Spaine extendeth not so farre, and the Chineses forbidding other 
nations to trade in their contrie bee esteemed common enimies, & 
so the goods bee lawfully taken as by reprisal from both, then by 
the ancient clame of the Admiraltie a tenth thereof is due to your 
Grace: which the late Lord Admiral enjoyed by way of composition: 
& which amounteth to more than ten thousand pounds. 



The true 
value wil 
appeare by the 
Companies 
accompts. 



84 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

To question the Companie for piracie 

1. Would dishonor our nation abroade. 

2. Wil be doubtful against so great a Companie, so ritch a 

stock, & so settled a government. 

3. It tendeth to the overthrow of the Companie stock and 

trade. 

4. It wil prejudice his Majesty, who besides the main support 

of his Customs, hath by this Companie a considerable 
strength by sea against anie enemie, & readie servise 
otherwise uppon al occasions. 
To compound with them as for tenths 

1. Is easier to obtaine, specially uppon ouverturs made from 

them selvs. 

2. Besides the present convenient summe may settle a constant 

revenue lor time to cum. 

3. By incourageing the seamen in those parts, may weaken 

& happily expel the Portugall: & in short time gett the 
whole trade of the East into our hands. 

4. Court Minutes of the East India Company. 
[Court Minute Book, yi. 412.] 

162|, Feb. 18. Mr. Bell and Mr. Abdy haveing bene intreated to take advice 
both of civill lawyers and common, Mr. Bell reported that accord- 
ingly they had attended Doctor Steward, with whome at first 
they conferred in generall tearmes representing the Companies 
case, that marchants, immediately from the King, do sett 
forth voyages into remote countrys, to discover trade, both for 
the honner and benefitt of their country, in prosecucion of which 
voyages, the marchantes, being by hostile accions interupted, 
indeavour to right themselves and take reprisalls, in which case 
they desired wherein theise merchantes being by hostile accions 
interrupted indeavour to right themselves and take reprisalls, in 
which cases they desired to understand whether the Admirall of 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 85 

the country wherein theise marchants dwelt could by lawe pretend 
any right to anie parte of such reprisalls ; the doctor answered that 
the tenth parte of custom e belonges to the Lord Admirall, if he 
give any commission ; and said there was no written lawe for it, 
neither sawe he any reason why the Admirall should pretend any 
right where he gives no letters of marte ; but uppon further con- 
ference Doctor Steward declared himself when he understood the 
busines had relacion to the Lord Admirall of England, that he 
would neither be of the Companies counsell in this cause nor 
deliver his opinion against the Lord Admirall, pretending he had 
bene of counsell with the last Lo: Admirall and this theise foure 
yeares, and therefore advised Mr. Bell and Mr. Abdy not to pro- 
ceede to disclose the seacretls of their cause, least it should turne to 
the Companies disadvantage ; the Committees they made knowen 
that the Company had no purpose to wage lawe with the Lord 
Admirall, but onely to certify their owne judgements, that when 
the matter shalbe handled before his L p , the better satisfaccion of 
whose noble disposition and love to the Company they made no 
question and used other motives to induce the delivery [?] a of the 
Doctors opinion ; but all would not avayle, only he said there was 
no written lawe for the Lord Admirall's pretences in cases where 
he gives no commission. He was then demaunded concerning the 
jurisdiccion of the Admiralty, how farr it extended, he said every 
where uppon the maine ocean, and in fine was intreated and 
promised to keep seacrett the conference ; and that, in any other 
cause for the Company, he would afTorde them his best advice. 

The said Committees then proceeded and went to Doctor Zouch, 
to whome they ingeniously declared the Companies case, and shewed 
him the patent whereby they are warranted to perfourme what 
they have done, and desired his opinion, and upon perusall of theise 
wordes of the pattent, he declared there was no law for the 
Admiralls demaund of tenths, but said that tenthes had bene given 

* " dd " in MS., the usual abbreviation for " delivered." 



86 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

of custome, where lettres of marte had bene by him graunted, and 
that was grounded upon the custome of Normandy, where the 
Admirall, as appeares by the la we of that country, is at greate 
charge in such expediccions, where he demaundeth tenthes. Here 
Mr. Deputy tooke occasion to relate a passage concerning the 
jurisdiccion of the Admirallty in a case tryed here for goodes taken 
and carried away from a to Syvett a Vech, b in which 

case the principall was executed because it appeared the fact com- 
mitted uppon the Mediterrean sea, but one Barker who was also 
questioned for the same busines as an accessary was discharged, for 
that he was at shoare and not uppon the sea when the depredacion 
was committed ; then the said Committees made further reporte of 
Doctor Zouch his opinion in the busines propounded, as that the 
King may make divers Admiralls, and so that one shall not have 
jurisdiccion over another, as the Admirall of England, and the 
Admirall of the Cinque Fortes, instanceing in a late case concerning 
a Lubecker taken by Sir Richard Bingley neere Sandoune, as a 
wrack, wherein both Admiralls pretended interest, but uppon 
examination it appeared shee was no wracke and was discharged, 
and uppon representation to him that the Company intend not to 
contend with the Lord Admirall but to certify their owne judge- 
ments, that this was a single case without president, that what was 
taken was expended in charge of victuall and wages, in which case 
the doctor said, if anything due. yet the Lord Admirall could onely 
challenge the tenth of what came cleere to the Company, all charges 
deducted, and lastly that some of theise reprisalls had bene taken 
uppon the coast of China by joinct commission from English and 
Dutch by virtue of the late treaty. This discourse haveing passed 
thus, the doctor desired he might have a coppy of the wordes of 
the pattent, and he would informe himself with reasons uppon the 
groundes aforesaid to exempt the Company from this demaund, 
and would sett downe his opinion in writing. 

Blank in MS. b Civita Vecchia. 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 87 

M r Bell observed further that he had allso conferred with Sir 
John Watts, whose opinion was to delay the giveing of an answere, 
and that the fleete now bound forth should proceede with com- 
mission as formerly. The Courte then tooke into consideration what 
was to be done, some mooved that after they were armed with 
reasons from Doctor Zouch some three or foure might be aucthorised 
to give answere to the party employed by my Lord Admirall, the 
Courte remembring that the former Lord Admirall by Sir John 
Trevor had made the like pretence, but the Company had given 
him nothing to any purpose, and it was observed that when letters 
of marte are granted the party payeing a tenth is free from all 
further trouble, which cannot be in this busines, that uppon lettres 
of marte men go purposely to take spoils s but theise shippes sett 
out to pursue trade quietly without any such intencion. Further 
debate was uppon this busines, and it was in conclusion held meete 
to give answere at present to Mr. Cooke that the Company desire 
the contynuance of my Lordes favour, that they had formerly in 
my Lordes absence uppon this occasion given 2000 U , hopeing the 
accompt of Ormuz would have borne it, that they are not willing 
to contend with my Lord, that they hope to give reasones to his 
L when he shal be pleased to call the Company before him that, 
of right in the Companies case, no tenths are due to his L p . This 
busines beeing thus debated at large, Mr. Deputy recommended 
it as a seacrett, and not divulged abroad. 

[Court Minute Book, vi. 425.] 

/ 

They a proceeding allso went and conferred with the gentleman 162f, Feb. 23. 
employed by the Lord Admirall aboute his demaundes, whoe 
beeing tould the reason of giveing the gratificacion of twoe 
thowsand poundes seemed nothing satisfied therewith, neither would 
be though he were requested signifie so much to the Lord Admirall, 
nor lett his LP knowe that the Company desired his noble favour to 

a i. e. The Committee. 



88 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

lay aside all pretence of right, the gentleman refusesing to inter- 
ceade on the Companye's behaulfe, but left it to the Company to 
make their owne request. The question then grew howe to moove 
my Lord whether by peticion or by word of mouth, some approving 
th'one course, some th'other, and reasons were alleadged on both 
sides, but the resolution of the Court was by peticion to signifie the 
Companies desire, it being conceived that a peticion may be so 
cautiousely contested that it may neither give his L p hope to 
obteyne any thing of right, nor yet be subject to doubtfull con- 
struccions, and to that purpose a draught to be conceived which 
may be received and reviewed but not exhibited untill Doctor 
Zouch have delivered his opinion; and to parte as fayerly with his 
LP as may be without giving any distaste, and though it be likely 
that this man will reporte the whole busines to my Lord, yet it is 
held necessary to attend his L p to prevent anie conceite of neglecte 
that might ensue therein. 

[Court Minute Book, vi. 430.] 

52f , Feb. 27. The Court haveing formerly given direccion to the Companyes 
secretory for the draught of a peticion to the Lord Admirall, the 
same was now read unto them, and thereuppon the Courte fell into 
deliberacion what to determine in that busines. It was considered 
that the case growes daungerous to the Company, for the Portugall 
armes in earnest, and is filled with anger and revenge by the late 
defeates they received in the Indies, so as if the English shalbe 
subject to question for what they do in their just defence, it will 
disharten all seafring men from doing service -to the Company. It 
was considered that the custom in theise cases] [is] to grauntlettres of 
marte, and if it please the Duke as he is Admirall of England to 
graunt lettres of marte, the Company will willingly allowe him his 
right, and thereby will redound a double good to the Company, for 
they shall knowe what is theirs, and be free from question, and the 
marryner shalbe freed from feare of beeing brought to his answere 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 89 

for what is taken in the Indies, some thought it fitt not to go so 
far as yet, first, for that there is no plaine demaund of a tenth, 
secondly, because if it were in plaine tearmes demaunded, the 
accion will not beare it ; but the generall opinion was to give a 
faire answere to the Duke, and not to forgett to lett him knowe 
that the Portugall hath armed a forte against the English, and the 
accion yieldes not the principall. 

It was allso reported to the Court that civillians were of opinion 
that for goodes taken beyond the lyne the Lord Admirall hath no 
jurisdiccion, and therefore can require no tenth ; but the Court 
thought it no fitt course to dispute the Companies right, but to 
deale with the Duke by way of rnediacion, and therein to use some 
such person as hath interest in him, whoe may perswade him to 
wayve his pretence of interest, and to lett him knowe that the Com- 
pany shall have continuall use of his favour. In thend, nothing 
was resolved, but left to further consideracion. 

[Court Minute Book, vi. 435.] 

The Companies' Secretary had received a former direccion from i62|, Feb. 28. 
this Court to draw a peticion to- the Lord Admirall concerning the 
pretence of right for goodes taken from the Portugalls in th' 
Indies ; the draught beeing read, the Courte thought it fitt to alter 
the forme of that peticion, but haveing further advised of the 
matter of the peticion, they conceyved that it was a hard matter so 
to couch any thing in writing but that it would give advantage 
against the Company. It was therefore resolved that Mr. Deputy, 
Mr. Bell, Mr. Stile, Mr. Abdy, and Mr. Munnes shall consult of 
some fitt body that hath interest in the Lord Admirall, and may 
by way of discourse infourme his LP of the true state of the busines, 
togeather with his opinion concerning the same. 

[Court Minute Book, vi. 439.] 

Mr. Deputy acquainted the Court that a mocion had bene in 162|, March 6. 
Parliament for stay of the Companies shippes now bound for th' 
Indies, and thereuppon a stay made of them accordingly, that for 

CAMD. SOC. N 



90 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

his parte he had not slept in the busines, but had done what lay in 
him to further their proceedinges in the voyage, and while himself, 
with some others of the Company, were devising of some way 
for their release, they mett with such meanes as they would 
have wished ; a gentleman whoe not in the Companies behaulf 
(haveing no interest in this adventure), but for virtue's sake, 
had broke the yce, so as when himself accompanied with two or 
three others of the Committees had sought the Lord Admirall at 
Yorke house, and found him not, they went the next morning to 
Theobaldes, where, finding the Lord Duke newely to have taken 
horse to wayte uppoii the King, they attended his returne, and then 
haveing made knowen to his LP the cause of their comeing, 
namely, to be humble sutors for the release of their shippes, his 
L p was pleased to make them answere that he had not bene the 
occasion of their stay, but haveing heard the mocion with much 
earnestnes in the upper house of Parliament, he could do no lesse 
then give the order they a had done, but tould them he had some- 
thing in his pockett would do them good, and willed them to sett 
downe what reasons they could, and he would acquaint the house 
there with. In the meane time, uppon their humble request his L p 
was pleased to give way that their shippes might fall downe as 
lowe as Tilbury, there to attend such further direccion as should be 
given, which order his L p gave them leave to signifie unto Mr. 
Pexall, sargant of the Admiralty, by word of mouth, for that his 
L p had no secretary present to sett the same downe in writing. 

5. Examinations in the Court of Admiralty. 

[Admiralty Court, Book of Acts.} 

4 Martii, 1623. 

162f,March4. Thomas Watts, of Radcliffe, in the County of Midd[le]s[ex], 
marriner, aged 30 yeares or thereabouts, sworne and examined 
before the right worshipfull Sir Henry Marten, K*, Judge of his 
Majesty's highe Courte of Admiralty uppon certein Articles ministred 

Sic. 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 91 

on the behalfe of James Bevershara, gent, saieth and deposeth therto 
as followeth: 

To the firste of the said articles hee saieth, That he was boatswaine 
of the shippe the Lyon, belonging to the English Bast India Com- 
pany, and was in her at Kishmey Castle in Persia in January 1621. 

To the seconde hee saieth, That hee well knoweth the articulate 
James Beversham, who was co maunder of the Lyon the tyme 
aforesaid, and at the takinge of the castle of Kishmey and dueringe 
the whole voyage for aughte this exanimate (who was his boats- 
waine all that voyage) could see or heare, hee the said Beversham 
did behave himself honestlie and comtnenablie and deserved well at 
his ymployers handes. And this hee saieth uppon his oath is 
most true. 

To the thirde hee saieth, That the articulate Rufreroe, a general! 
of the Portugalls in Kishmey Castle aforesaid, did yeeld himself to 
the Englishe conditionally^ that all his souldiers excepte five or 
sixe should bee safelye sett on shoare in Arabia with bagg and 
baggage, And Rufreroe himself and the other five or sixe shoulde 
bee carried to India and there uppon their firste arrivall putt on 
shoare and sett at liberty. And this hee knoweth to bee true who 
was at that service, beeing boatswaine of the Lyon as aforesaid. 

To the fowrth hee saieth, That by the order of Capt. Weddell 
the said James Beaversham did carrye the articulate Rufreroe from 
Kishmee Castle to Surratt in the Lyon, where hee comaunded, and 
all that tyme the said Beaversham did cause the said Rufreroe as 
a prisoner to bee safelye kepte in the Roundhouse of the Lyon, 
and with a barr uppon the doore of the Roundhouse barred him 
upp every nighte, and gave charge to this examinate beeing his 
boatswaine and others to keepe a good guard uppon him. And this 
hee knoweth to bee true beeing boatswaine of the Lyon as aforesaid. 

To the 5th and 6th hee saieth, That in this examinate's sighte the 
articulate Beaversham within certeine days after his arrivall at 
Zurratt did deliver the said Rufreroe to the articulate Rastell, the 

Bay Frero. 



92 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

Englishe Presidente there, and Rufreroe did then deliver a letter to 
the said Presidente from Capt. Weddell, and theruppon the said 
Beaversham (as this examinate hath heard from some of the 
Englishe Counsell then there who as they said heard the same) did 
wishe the said Eastell not to release him the said Rufreroe leaste 
hee should go to Ormous and there attempte some mischief against 
the English. And this hee saieth uppon his oath is moost true, 
and otherwise to these articles he cannott depose. 

To the seaventh hee saieth, That shortly after the receite of the 
said letter, and five or sixe dayes before Rufreroe escaped, the fore- 
said Presidente did release two Portugall cavalleires of Rufreroe's 
traine, and brought as prisoners from Kishmey, with a slave of 
theirs. And this hee sawe and knoweth to bee true. 

To the 8th hee saieth, That the said Rufreroe at his arrivall at 
Surratt did often complaine that hee had the fiuxe, and in that 
respect did by this examinate's interpretacion request Beaversham 
that hee might have the Roundhouse doore noe longer barred uppon 
him, but tha't hee might bee permitted to walke forwarde in the 
shippe as his occasion shoulde urge him, but the said Beaversham 
thernnto aunswered that hee durste not yeeld to his requeste with- 
out license from the Presidente, and theruppon the said Rufreroe 
to this examinate's knowledge wrott a letter to the said Presidente 
and sente yt to him by a blacke, and the nexte day the said 
Presidente sente a letter to the said Beaversham whereby hee 
willed him (as the said Beaversham saide) to use the saide Rufreroe 
like a gentleman, and not to keepe the Roundhouse doore anie 
longer barrd uppon him, but to lett him have the ayre of the doore, 
and to keepe a carefull watch over him. And this hee saieth 
uppon his oath is most true. 

To the 9th hee saieth, That the said Beaversham, after the receite 
of this letter from the Presidente, did give expresse order to this 
examinate beeing his boatswaine and the reste of his companie in 
this examinate's heareinge, in their severall watches to keepe a 
good guard over the said Rufreroe, and to moore boate and skiffe 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 93 

asterne the shippe every nighte, and to take speciall care that the 
said Rufreroe might not escape. 

To the 10th, llth and 12th articles hee saieth, That hee believeth 
that the said Beaversham was asleepe when the said Rufreroe 
escaped, for presently soe soone as the said Rufreroe was miste hee 
the said Beaversham, hearinge his companie make a noise, did rise 
and came out of his cabon and asked what the matter was, and 
seemed to bee much amazed, and as hee beleeveth in his conscience 
was not privy to the escape of the said Rufreroe, but altogether 
ignorante thereof and free from anie bribery, corruption or faulte 
therein, and when the said Beaversham wente to sleepe that nighte 
hee, findeinge the skiffe moored neere the ladder, did finde faulte 
therwith and commaunded this examinate to see her moored 
asterne the shippe. And (as this examinate hath -heard) the said 
Rufreroe in his escape had like to have been drowned swimminge 
over a ryver had not one of his negroes saved him, and one his 
companie was drowned (as this examinate hath heard), and soe 
soone as ever the articulate Beaversham had notice of the said 
Rufreroe's escape, hee did cause his companie every way to pursue 
him. And this hee saieth uppon his oath is most true. 

To the laste hee saieth, That hee verily beleeveth that the said 
Beaversham came honestlie by all such goods as hee brought from 
India, and bought the same there with his owne money and como- 
ditie, and the same were all marcked ashoare with his owne marcke 
before they came into the Lyon, and he borrowed some money in 
India to buy those goods besides his adventure. And this hee 
knoweth to bee true who was the said Beaversham 's boatswaine as 
aforesaid, and more to this article hee cannott depose. 

To the cross Interrogatories ministred on the behalf of the 
East India Companie. 

To the firste he cannott answere otherwise then before is con- 
tained in his depositions. 

To the seconde hee saieth, That hee hath heard that the Interro- 



94 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

gate Rufreroe was sente out of Spaine with comission to surprize 
the Englishe shipps, and to destroy and beat away the Englishe 
nation from trade in. the East Indyes as is interrogated. Et aliter 
nescit respondere. 

To the thirde hee saieth, That hee hath heard and yt was gene- 
rally received for truth in the East Indyes that the Interrogate 
Rufreroe with his forces did assaulte the Englishe shipps the 
London, the Harte, the Roebucke, and the Eagle two severall dayes 
in the yeare 1620 or 1621. 

To the 4th and 5th hee cannott aunswere more then is contained 
in his former deposicions. 

To the 6th hee aunswereth negatively, so farr as hee knoweth, 
beleeveth, or hath heard. 

To the 7th hee saieth, That the Interrogate Rufreroe escaped by 
the negligence of those that were appointed to garde him that 
nighte that hee made his escape, who fell asleepe, and soe hee 
stoale away which was contrarie to the directions of the said 
Beaversham, who when hee wente to bedd that nighte (as hee had 
done all the tyme that Rufreroe had been in his charge before) did 
give speciall comaunde to those watchmen in this respondent's 
heareing to looke carefully to him the said Rufreroe that hee might 
not escape. 

To the 8th hee saieth, That the said Rufreroe after his escape 
did write back a letter to the Englishe President at Zurratt, and 
therein (as this examinate hath heard) wrott that by the wyne that 
the master had drunke and the hard labor of the poore men hee 
did excuse theire negligence. And more to this interrogatory hee 
cannott aunswere. 

To the 9th hee aunswereth, That this respondent knoweth, That 
the Interrogate Rufreroe hath bin two voyages in the East Indyes 
out of Portugal)., and did at his laste beeing in Spaine (as this 
respondent hath heard) receive the sacrament to surprise and take 
the Englishe shipps, and beate the Englishe from all trade in the 
Indyes, and more to this interrogatory hee cannott aunswere. 



THE EAST INfclA COMPANY. 95 

To the 10th hee aunswereth, That the shipps before expressed 
were those that Captain Shillinge comaunded, and Captain Shillinge 
was slaine in the aforesaid assault made by Eufreroe. 

To the llth he aunswereth, That Rufreroe and Beaversham 
dueringe the tyme interrogate seemed to bee very kinde the one to 
the other, but could not understande one the other but by inter- 
pretacion of some other, and never privately conferred togeather for 
ought hee knoweth or hath heard. 

To the laste hee saieth, That after the President at Zurratt had 
discharged the foresaid cavalleires of Rufreroe's traine there was 
continually a small friggott dryveinge upp with the flood and 
downe with the ebb within sighte of the Lyon, but out of shott of 
her, which (as this respondent since hath heard) had the said 
cavalleires in her, and staied to receive the said Eufreroe yf hee 
could escape. 

THOMAS WATTES. 

5 Martii, 1623. 

Thomas Winterborne of London, haberdasher, aged 41 yeares or 
thereabouts, sworne and examined as aforesaid saieth and deposeth 
as followeth. 

To the firste and seconde articles hee saieth, That hee was at 
Kishmey Castle, in Persia, in January, 1621, in the Lyon, whereof 
hee was steward then and all the voyage, and whereof the articu- 
late James Beaversham was comaunder, and then and dueringe all 
the voyage for ought this examinate ever sawe or heard, hee, the 
said Beaversham, behaved himself well and honestly, and did his 
ymployers good and honest service. And this hee saieth uppon 
his oath is true. 

To the thirde and fowerth articles hee saieth, That the articulate 
Rufreroe (as himself sayde, and as yt was generally spoken and 
received for truth amoungst the Englishe) did yeeld himself to the 
Englishe uppon condicion that all his souldiers except 5 or 6 should 
bee safely sett on shoare with bagg and baggage in Arabia. And 



96 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

that hee himself and those 5 or 6 with him should bee carried to 
India, and there uppon their firste arrivall alsoe sett ashoare, and at 
libertye, and the said Beaversham, by the order of Captain Weddell, 
did carry the said Rufreroe in the Lyon from Kishmey to Surratt, 
and all that tyme the said Beaversham caused the said Rufreroe to 
bee kepte safely as a prisoner in the Roundhouse of the Lyon, and 
caused the doore thereof with barr to bee barred upp every nighte, 
and gave charge to his boatswaine and others to keepe a good guard 
uppon him, and within certeine dayes after his arrivall at Surratt 
the said Beaversham did presente the said Rufreroe to the articulate 
Mr. Rastell, the Englishe Presidente there. And this hee saieth 
uppon his oath hee knoweth to bee true beeinge steward of the 
Lyon as aforesaid, and otherwise to these articles hee cannott 
depose. 

To the 6th hee cannott depose. 

To the 7th hee saieth, That after their arrivall at Zurratt, and 
before Rufreroe escaped, the Presidente there sett at libertie two 
Portugall cavalleires of Rufreroe's traine, and brought as prisoners 
from Kismey by Beaversham. And this hee knoweth to bee true, 
beeing steward of the Lyon as aforesaid. 

To the 8th hee saieth, That Rufreroe, at his arrivall at Zurratt, 
did much complaine that hee had the fluxe, and in that respecte (as 
yt was generally said and beleeved in the Lyon) did make requeste 
to the foresaid Presidente that the Roundhouse doore mighte noe 
longer bee bard uppon him, and that hee mighte bee permitted to 
walke forward in the shippe as his occasion should urge him, and 
theruppon the Presidente gave order to Beaversham that hee, the 
said Rufreroe, should bee noe longer barred upp. And this hee 
saieth uppon his oath is true. 

To the 9th hee saieth, That the said Beaversham, after hee had 
order (as 'twas said) from the Presidente not to barr the said 
Rufreroe upp anie longer, did give expresse order and stricte 
comaunde to his boatswaine and the reste of his companie in their 
severall watches, to looke carefully to the said Rufreroe, that hee 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 97 

might not escape, and to moore boate and skiffe asterne the shippe 
every night. And this hee saieth hee heard and knoweth to be true. 

To the 10th hee saieth, That hee was asleepe in the Lyou when 
Rufreroe escaped, and hath heard that Mr. Beaversham was alsoe 
then asleepe, and 'twas generally said in the shippe, that that 
night that Rufreroe escaped, Mr. Beaversham, before hee wente to 
sleepe, did_ finde faulte with the skiffe lyeinge moored nere the 
ladder, and comaunded the boatswaine to cause her to bee moored 
asterne the shippe. 

To the llth hee saieth, That hee beleeveth in his conscience 
that the articulate Beaversham did noe wayes consente to the escape 
of the said Rufreroe, and was free from anie bribery or corruption 
therein. 

To the 12th hee saieth, That he knoweth that the articulate 
Beaversham soe soone as Rufreroe was miste caused his companie to 
pursue him. And hee hath heard that one of Rufreroe's companie 
in the escape was drowned, and he himself had like to have bin 
drowned. 

To the 13th he cann say nothinge. 

To the Companie's Interrogatories. 

To the firste hee saieth, That hee hath heard that Rufreroe was 
generall and chief comaunder of the Portingall sea forces in the 
East Indyes. 

To the 2nd hee cannott aunswere. 

To the 3rd hee saieth, That hee knoweth that the said Rufreroe 
with his forces did assault the shipps the London, the Harte, the 
Roebucke, and the Eagle, whereof Captaine Shillinge was Admirall 
and in that assault Captaine Shillinge and divers other of the 
Englishe were slaine. 

To the 4th and 5th hee cannott aunswere more then is contained 
in his former deposicions. 

To the 6th hee cannott aunswere. 

CAMD. SOC. O 



98 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

To the 7th hee cannott aunswere otherwise then is before con- 
tained in his deposicions. 

To the 8th hee saieth, That hee hath heard that Rufreroe after 
his escape did sende backe a letter to the Presidente of the effecte 
articulate. 

To the 9th hee cannott aunswere. 

To the 10th hee cannott aunswere otherwise then before. 

To the llth hee saieth, That Rufreroe and Beaversham dueringe 
the time interrogate dyned and supped togeather, but understood 
not one the other without the interpretacion of some other. 

To the 12th hee saieth, That there was a boate that some tyme 
before Rufreroe's escape continually attended the Lyon uppon the 
tide of flood and ebb that after Rufreroe escape was suspected to 
watch for his escape. 

WlNTERBORNE. 



John Weddell of London, gent., sworne and examined as afore 
said, saieth and deposeth as followeth. 

To the 1, 2, 3 and 4th articles hee saieth, That this examinate 
was comaunder of the Jonas, and in her at Kismey Castle in 
Jauuary, 1621, and in that service, and all the tyme that hee was 
in this exaininate's companie this examinate never sawe but that 
the articulate James Beaversham behaved himself well and honestly, 
and meritted well at his ymployer's handes. And the articulate 
Rufreroe at Kishmey Castle did yeeld himself to the Englishe uppon 
these condicions, viz., That all his souldiers excepte himself and 
eleaven more should bee suflfred to goe ashoare in their o\vne frig- 
gotts at Muscat, in Arabia, and with bagg and baggage, but not to 
returne for Ormous in sixe weekes, and that himself and those 
eleaven more should bee carried to India there to bee disposed of 
by the Presidente and Counsell of Zurratt, and that when hee had 
caused those Englishe captains at Goa, or ells where under the 
comaunde of the Portugalls, to be sett at libertye, he himself and 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 99 

those eleaven more shoulde bee also sett at libertie, and havinge 
thus yeelded himself, this examinate beeing Admirall of the Fleete 
at Kismey, comitted him, the said Rufreroe, to the charge and 
keeping of the articulate James Beaversham to carrye him to 
Zurratt, and there to deliver him to the Presidente, and comaunded 
him to keepe a safe garde uppon him. And this hee saieth uppon 
his oath hee knoweth to bee true, beeing Admirall of the Fleete at 
Kismey aforesaid, and more to these articles he cannot depose. 

To the 8th hee saieth, That this examinate hath heard by manie 
of the ship the Lyon's companie that the Presidente of Zurratt did 
at the requeste of the said Rufreroe give order to the said Beavers- 
ham to use him, the said Rufreroe, kindlye, and to give him 
libertye to walke too and againe in the shipp, but to have a speciall 
care and to keepe a good watch that he might not escape, and this 
hee saieth is true, and more to this article hee cannott depose. 

To the 9th and 10th hee cannott depose of his knowledge, but 
hee hath heard that the said Beaversham after he had order from 
the President of Zurratt to give Rufreroe leave to walke aforesaid 
did give charge to his boatswaine and others of his companie to 
keepe a carefull watch uppon him, the said Rufreroe, that hee 
might not escape, and to moore boate and skiffe asterne as ys 
articulate, and that when Rufreroe escaped Beaversham was asleepe 
and not privy therto, and about two hours before his escape was 
uppon the shipp's decke, and findeinge the skiffe moored neere the 
ladder did finde faulte with yt and comaunded his boatswaine to 
cause her to be moored asterne the shippe as is articulate. 

To the llth hee saieth, That he beleeveth in his conscience that 
the articulate Rufreroe escaped contrary to the will of the said 
Beaversham, and that hee was free from anie bribery or corruption 
therein. 

To the 12th hee saieth, That he hath heard that Beaversham soe 
soone as he miste the said Rufreroe sente his companie after him, 
who pursued him soe hard that he was faine to swym over the 
ryver of Zurratt, and had like to have bin drowned had not his 



100 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

negroe helped him, and that one of his companie, which were but 
two besides himself, was drowned, and this hee heard at Ormous by 
the Arabian boates that came from Muscatt to fetche the sick and 
maimed persons from thence that sawe him there before they came 
from Muscatt. 

To the laste hee saieth, That hee beleeveth that Beaversham 
came honestly by and bought with his owne money and comoditye 
all such goods as hee brought home from India, and hee knoweth 
that Beaversham borrowed a C 1; in India, which he hath repaide 
againe in England. 

To the Companies Interrogatories. 

To the firste hee answereth, That hee knoweth That the interro- 
gate Rufreroe was cheef Comaunder of the Portugall Sea forces in 
East Indias. 

To the 2 and 3 hee saieth, That hee hath heard by divers 
Portugalls that were his Prisoners That the interrogate Rufreroe 
was sente out of Spaine with Comission to surprize the Englishe 
shippes and to destroy and beate the Englishe away from all trade 
in the Indyes. And hee did three severall tymes in the Porte of 
Jasques aboute three yeares since assault the Englishe shippes the 
London, the Lyon, the Roebucke, and the Eagle, and at that 
assaulte Capt. Shillinge, the comaunder of that fleete, and others 
of the Englishe were slaine. 

To the 4th and 5th hee hath before aunswered. 

To the 6th hee saieth, That two of the Clergie of Ormouse came 
aboard this examinate at Kismey and offred him 4000 royalls of 8 
for the libertye of the said Rufreroe, but Rufreroe himself sayde hee 
had noe money but that his meanes was at Ormous, and more to 
this interrogatory hee cannott aunswere. 

To the 7th hee cannot aunswere otherwise then before. 

To the 8th hee aunswereth, That the Presidente of Zurratt tolde 
this Examinate that Rufreroe after his escape wrott backc a letter 
to him to Zurratt from Damon, wherein hee intimated to him, 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 101 

That the harde labor of the Lyon's men by day,. and the wyne at 
nights, gave him oportunitye to make an escape in hope to doe his 
Kinge better service, and more to this interrogatory hee cannott 
aunswere. 

To the 9th hee saieth, That hee hath heard the contents of this 
interrogatory to bee true. 

To the I Oth hee hath before aunswered. 

To the llth hee cannott aunswere. 

To the 12th hee saieth, That hee hath heard by the Lyon's men 
that a friggott or two attended the Lyon uppon the tide of flood 
and ebbe to receive Rufreroe yf hee should escape. 

Jo. WEDDELL. 

6 Martii, 1623. 

Henry Wheatley of London, merchant, sworne and examined as 
aforesaid, saieth and deposeth as followeth. 

To the firste and seconde articles hee saieth, That hee was in the 
Lyon (whereof hee was purser and the articulate James Beaver- 
sham comaunder) in January 1621 at Kismey Castle, and in that 
service and duringe the whole voyage the said Beaversham, for 
ought this examinate ever sawe or heard, did demeane and behave 
himself honestly and Well. And this hee saieth uppon his oath is true. 

To the thirde and 4th hee saieth, That hee was not privy to 
what conditions the said Rufreroe yeelded to the Englishe uppon, 
but heard that the condiccions were that all his souldiers excepte 
himselfe and halr'e a dozen more should bee safely sett on shoare in 
Arabia with bagg and baggage, and those half dozen with him 
should bee carried to India and there hee and they should be sett 
at libertie at their first, arrivall there, and hee knoweth That by the 
order of Capt. Blide and Capt. Weddell and the reste of the consul- 
tation the articulate Beaversham in the Lyon did carry the said 
Rufreroe from Kismey to Surratt, and all that tyme the said 
Beaversham kepte him in the roundhouse with the doore barred 
every nighte, and gave charge unto his mates to see a good guard 



102 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

kepte uppon him. And this he saieth hee knoweth to bee true, 
who was purser of the Lyon all that voyage. 

To the 5th and 6th hee saieth, That within certaine dayes after 
their arrivall at Zurratt the articulate Mr. Rastall, the Englishe 
Presidente there, came aboard the Lyon, and there the said Beaver- 
sham presented the said Rufreroe to him the said Rastell, from 
Capt. Weddall. And this hee saieth uppon his oath hee knoweth 
to bee true, and more to these articles hee cannott depose. 

To the 7th hee saieth, That the said Presidente, within shorte 
tyme after the recite of the said letter, did release two Portugall 
Cavalleires of Rufreroe's traine, and brought by Beaversham 
prisoners from Kismey with a servant of theirs. 

To the 8th hee saieth, That at the requeste of the said Rufreroe 
hee complaineinge that hee had a looseness and paine in his belly, 
and that hee was almost stifled with heate, the roundhouse doore 
beeinge shutt uppon him, the said President in this examinates 
hearinge gave order to the said Beaversham not to keepe the doore 
anie longer barred uppon him, but to keepe a carefull watch uppon 
him, and to permitt him to walke free a lofte the shippe. And this 
hee saieth uppon his oath is most true. 

To the 9th hee saieth, That after the said Beaversham receaved 
order from the Presidente to suffer Rufreroe to have the libertie of 
the shippe as aforesaid, hee the said Beaversham to this examinates 
knowledge did give expresse charge and comaunde to his mates, 
boatswaine, and others of his companie in their severall watches 
to keepe a good guarde over the said Rufreroe that hee might not 
escape, because they rodd soe neere the shoare, and comaunded his 
boatswaine to moore boate and skiffe asterne the shippe every 
nighte. And this hee saieth uppon his oath is most true. 

To the 10th and llth hee saieth, That hee knoweth that wher 
Rufreroe escaped Beaversham was in his cabin, and aoe waye? 
privy to his escape, nor as he beleeveth in his conscience any wayes 
bribed or corrupted, and presently after Rufreroe had escaped thif 
examinate heard the said Beaversham tell his boatswaine that hee 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 103 

had not moored the boate asterne that nighte accordeinge to his 
order, but lett her lye bye by the shipp side under the galleryes, 
which Eufreroe perceivinge gott into the said boate and soe escaped, 
sayinge thus to his boatswaine (did not I finde faulte with you 
that you had not moored her astarne as shee used to bee two severall 
tymes, and you aunswered mee that you had done yt). And this 
hee saieth hee heard and knoweth to bee true. 

To the 12th hee saieth, That hee hath heard that Rufreroe had 
lyke to have bin drowned in his escape, and hee knoweth that 
Beaversham soe soone as hee mist him caused his companie to 
pursue him with all earnestness they coulde. 

To the 13th hee cannott depose, saveinge hee verily beleeveth 
that Beaversham came honestly by all such goods as hee brought 
home from India. 

To the Companies Interrogatories. 

To the firste hee hath before aunswered. 

To the 2nd and 3rd hee saieth, That hee hath credibly heard that 
the interrogate Rufreroe was sente out of Spaine with commission 
to surprize the Englishe shippes and to destroy and beate away the 
Englishe nation from all trade in the East Indies, and hee with his 
forces did assault Capt. Shillinges Fleete severall tymes, and in 
those assaults Capt. Shillinge and divers more of his company 
were slaine. 

To the 4 and 5 hee cannot aunswere otherwise then before. 

To the 6 hee cannot aunswere. 

To the 7th hee cannott answere otherwise then before. 

To the 8th hee saieth, That hee knoweth that the said Rufreroe 
after his escape wrott backe a letter to the foresaid Presidente 
eignefieinge to him that by the overworckeinge of some and over 
drinckeinge of others hee had gotten opportunity to escape, and 
that letter this exanimate hath scene. 

To the 9th hee cannot aunswere, saveinge hee hath heard that 



104 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

the interrogate Rufreroe at his laste beinge in Spaine did receive 
the sacrament to surprize and take the Englishe, and to expulse 
and beate away the Englishe from all trade in the Indyes. 

To the 10th hee hath before aunswered. 

To the llth hee saieth, That Mr. Beaversham and Rufreroe 
could not privately conferr togeather, because they understood not 
one the other, but were kinde one to the other and eate and drancke 
togeather. 

To the 12th hee saieth, That there were some boates that con- 
tinually attended the Lyon, and did hange of and on as yt was 
supposed to receive Rufreroe yf hee could escape, which boates as 
they since understood were procured by the two prisoners that the 
President had formerly released as aforesaid. 

HENRY WHETELEY. 

6 Martii, 1623. 

Richard Blyth, of Gravesend, in the county of Kente, gent., 
sworne and examined as aforesaid, saieth and deposeth as followeth. 

To the firste and seconde articles hee saieth, That hee was at 
Kishmey Castle in January 1624 beeinge comaunder of two shippes 
there, and the articulate James Beaversham in that service, and all 
the tyme hee was with this examinate did demeane and behave 
himself very well and honestly, and in such sorte as hee deserved 
well at his ymployers handes. And this hee saieth uppon his oath 
is most true. 

To the thirde hee saieth, That this examinate was not privy to 
the condicons that Rufreroe yeelded himself to the Englishe uppon, 
but heard by Capt. Weddell and others that the condicons were, 
That all Rufreroes souldiers excepte himself and half a dozen more 
with bagg and baggage should bee safely sett ashoare in Arabia, 
and hee and those half dozen should be carried to India and there 
sett at liberty e at the pleasure of the Presidente, haveinge firste 
performed his promise, which was to sett at libertye some of the 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 105 

Englishe which were in captivitye under the Portugals. And this 
hee saieth is true, and more to this article he cannott depose. 

To the 5, 6, 7, 3 and 9 articles hee cannott depose any thinge of 
his certeine knowledge, but hath heard generally, That the articu- 
late Beaversham did safely carry the articulate Rufreroe in the 
Lyon from Kismey to Surratt; and all that tyme kepte him in the 
roundhouse with the doore barred every nighte, and gave charge 
to his boatswaine and others of his companie to keepe a stricte 
guarde uppon him, and that at Surratt the said Beaversham 
presented the said Kufreroe to the Englishe, Presidente there, and 
Rufreroe delivered a letter from Capt. Weddell to the said Presi- 
dente, and that uppon the receite of that letter the Presidente 
would have sett the said Rufreroe at libertye, and Beaversham did 
diswade him from yt least Rufreroe should gather some forces and 
goe against the Englishe at Ormous, and that after the receite of 
that letter the Presidente did sett at libertie two cavalleires of 
Rufreroes traine, and that Rufreroe had the fluxe, and in that 
respecte uppon his requeste to the Presidente hee the said Presidente 
gave order to the said Beaversham to lett the said Rufreroe have 
the libertye of the shippe, and that hereuppon Beaversham gave 
order to his companie to keepe a good guard uppon him the said 
Rufreroe, and to moore boate and skiffe asterne the shippe that hee 
might not escape, as ys articulate. And this hee saieth uppon his 
oath is most true. 

To the 10, 11, 12 and 13th hee cannott depose of his certeine 
knowledge, but hath heard generally that the contents of these 
articles are true, and beleeveth in his conscience that Mr. Beaver- 
sham was ignorant of the escape of the said Rufreroe, and free 
from any bribery or corruption therein, and that hee came honestly 
by those goods that hee brought home from India, and knoweth 
that hee borrowed some money there. 

To the Companie's Interrogatoryes. 

To the firste hee saieth, That Rufreroe was chiefe comaunder of 
Portugall sea forces in India. 

CAMD. SOC. P 



106 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

To the seconde and thirde hee saieth, That he hath heard that 
the said Kufreroe was sente out of Spaine with comission to surprize 
the Englishe shippes, and to destroy and beate away the Englishe 
nation from trade in the Indyes, and had received the sacrament in 
Spaine to performe the same, and hee knoweth that the said 
Rufreroe in the yeare 1620 twice assaulted the Harte and the Eagle 
which this examinate comaunded, and afterwards assaulted them 
againe, being joyned with the London and the Roebucke, Capt. 
Shillinge beeing Admirall, and in that assaulte Capt. Shillinge and 
divers others were slaine. 

To the 4 and 5th hee cannott aunswere otherwise then before. 

To the 6th hee hath heard that Rufreroe offered 2000 dollers to 
Capt. Weddell for his release, and otherwise to this interrogatory 
hee cannott aunswere. 

To the 7th hee cannott answere otherwise then before. 

To the 8th hee saieth, That hee hath heard that Rufreroe after his 
escape wrott backe a letter to the Presidente at Zurratt, that by the 
harde labor of the men with the strength of their wyne hee had 
gotten opportunitie to escape. 

To the 9th hee cannott aunswere otherwise then before. 

To the 1 Oth hee cannott aunswere otherwise then before. 

To the llth hee cannott aunswere. 

To the laste hee cannott aunswere. 

Ri. BLYTH. 

6 Martii, 1623. 

Robert Smith of London, mercer, sworne and examined as afore- 
said, saieth and deposeth as followeth. 

To the firste interrogatory hee saieth, That he hath heard that 
the interogate Rufreroe was -generall and chiefe comaunder of the 
Portugall sea forces in the East Indyes. 

To the seconde and 3d, That hee hath heard that the interrogate 
Rufreroe was sente out of Spaine with commission to surprize the 
Englishe shippes and to destroye the Englishe, and beate them 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 107 

from all trade in the East Indyes, and that hee, the said Rufreroe, 
and his forces, in the year 1621, at Jasques, did firste assaulte the 
Harte and the Eagle, and afterwards the London, the Harte, the 
Roebucke, and the Eagle, they beeinge then joyned togeather, and 
Capt. Shillinge comaundinge them, and in that laste assault the 
said Captain Shillinge and divers others of the Englishe were 
slaine, and this hee heard in the East Indyes, beeing purser of the 
Jonas. 

To the fowerth hee saieth, That hee. knoweth that the interro- 
gate Rufreroe, at the takeinge of the castle of Kismey did yeeld 
himselfe a prisoner to the Englishe (as 'twas said uppon composi- 
tion), but what that composition was hee neither knoweth nor hath 
heard any certeintye thereof. And this hee saieth is true of his 
knowledge, who was in the Jonas at the takeinge of the said 
Castle. 

To the 5th hee saieth, That hee knoweth that the said Rufreroe 
was comited by Capt. Weddell to the custodye of the interrogate 
Mr. Beaversham to bee carried by him from Kismey to Surratt, and 
there deliver to the Presidente to bee disposed of as the Presidente 
and his Counsell should thinck fitt, and (as he hath heard) the said 
Capt. Weddell gave Beaversham charge to keepe the said Rufreroe 
safe, and more to this interrogatory he cannot aunswere. 

To the 6th hee saieth, That hee hath heard Capt. Weddell say 
that the value of 800 h sterl. was offred to him by Rufreroe and his 
friends to sett the said Rufreroe at libertye, and more to this inter- 
rogatory he cannott aunswere. 

To the 7th hee can say nothinge of his knowledge, but hath 
heard that there was some negligence in the said Beaversham in not 
keepinge the said Rufreroe in his cabon, and suffringe the skiffe to 
lye by the shippes' side that should have been moored asterne. 

To the 8th hee saieth, That he heard the Presidente of Surratt 
say that Rufreroe, after he escaped, wrott backe a letter to him, 
signefieinge that by the over laboureinge of the men in the day and 
their over drinckeinge in the night, hee had escaped to doe his 



108 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

King and countrye better service, and more to this interrogatory 
hee cannot aunswere. 

To the 9th hee saieth, That hee hath heard that the interrogate 
Rufreroe hath bin two voyages from Spaine in the East Indyes, and 
before hee went out of Spaine the laste voyage did receive the sacra- 
ment to surprize and take the Englishe shippes, and to beate them 
from all trade in the Indies, and at Mossambique, in his passage 
from Spaine to the Indies, did make proclamacon to the effecte 
interrogate, and theruppon 4 or 5 hundred men more then hee 
brought out of Spaine with him uppon that occasion ingaged them- 
selves to serve, and did serve, in the warres against the Englishe. 
And this he saieth is true. 

To the 10th hee cannot aunswere otherwise then before. 

To the 1 1th hee cannott aunswere. 

To the 12th hee saieth, That hee hath heard that a boate did 
continually attende uppon the Lyon uppon the flood and ebb for two 
or three dayes before Rufreroe escaped (as yt is supposed) to receive 
him yf hee could escape. 

ROBT. SMYTH. 

8 Martii, 1623. 

John Grante, of Wappinge, in the county of Middlesex, mar- 
riner, and 26 yeares or therabouts, sworne and examined as afore- 
said, saieth and deposeth as folio weth. 

To the 1 and 2d articles hee saieth and deposeth uppon his oath, 
That hee was in the shippe the Lyon (whereof hee was then 
master's mate, and the articulate James Beaversham, commaunder) 
at Kismey Castle in January, 1621, and in that service and 
dueringe the whole voyage for ought this examinate ever sawe or hath 
heard, the said Beaversham did demeane himselfe well and honestly 
and deserved well of his ymployers And this hee saieth uppon 
his oath is true. 

To the thirde hee cannot depose of his certeine knowledge, but 
yt was generally said amongst the Englishe that the articulate 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 109 

Rufreroe did yeeld himself to the Englishe uppon the condicons 
articulate. 

To the fowerth and 5th hee saieth, That the articulate Beavers- 
ham in the Lyon, -where hee commaunded by the order of Capt. 
Weddell, did carry the said Rufreroe from Kismey to Surratt, and 
all that tyme in the nighte kepte him in the roundhouse with the 
doore shutt uppon him, and caused a barre to be made for the 
doore, and gave charge to his boatswaine and others to keepe a 
good guard uppon him, and at Zurratt the articulate Mr. Rastell, 
the Englishe Presidente there, came aboard the Lyon, and there 
the said Beaversham presented the said Rufreroe to him, the said 
Presidente, and then Rufreroe (as this examinate hath heard) deli- 
vered a letter from the said Capt. Weddell to the said Rastell, the 
Presidente. And this hee saieth uppon his oath is true, geveinge a 
reason of his knowledge for that hee was all this tyme master's 
mate of the Lyon as aforesaid. 

To the 6th and 7th articles he saieth, That in his heareing the 
articulate Beaversham, when the Presidente came firste aboard the 
Lyon at Zurratt, did tell the said Presidente, that yf he should sett 
the said Rufreroe at libertye questionles, .hee would gather some 
forces togeather and atternpte some mischief uppon the Englishe. 
And hee knoweth that before Rufreroe escaped the said President 
did sett at libertye two Portugall cavalleires of Rufreroe's traine, 
and brought by Beaversham prisoners from Kismey to Zurratt. 
And this hee saieth uppon his oath is most true, and more to these 
articles hee cannott depose. 

To the 8th and 9th hee saieth, That hee hath heard That the 
said Rufreroe did make requeste to the Presidente to have the 
libertye of the shippe, and hee knoweth that the said Rastell the 
Presidente did write a letter to the articulate Beaversham, and 
therin willed him to use the said Rufreroe kindly and to suffer him 
to walke freely two and againe in the shipp, but to keepe a good 
guarde uppon him, and that letter this examinate hath scene and 
reade, and the said Beaversham both before and after hee received 



1 LO THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

the said letter did give stricte order and comaund to his boatswaine 
and the reste of his companie in their severall watches to looke 
narrowly to the said Rufreroe that hee might not escape, and to see 
that the boate and skiffe should bee moored asterne the shippe every 
night as ys articulate. And this hee knoweth to bee true, beeing 
masters mate of the Lyon as aforesaid. And more to these articles 
hee cannot depose. 

To the 10, 11, and 1 2th articles hee cannot depose of his certeine 
knowledge, beeinge ashoare at the tyme that Rufreroe escaped, but 
hath heard that the contents therof are true, and verily beleeveth 
in his conscience that the said Rufreroe escaped contrary to the will 
and without the consente of the said Beaversham, and that the said 
Beaversham is free from any bribery, corruption, willfulnes, or faulte 
in the escape of the said Rufreroe. 

To the laste hee saieth, That hee verily beleeveth that the said 
Beaversham, with his owne money and comoditye, bought and came 
honestly by all such goods as hee brought home from India, and 
hee knoweth that the said Beaversham in the Indyes did borrowe a 
hundred poundes of Capt. Weddell, and this hee saieth is true. 

To the Companies Interrogatoryes. 

To the 1, 2, and thirde interrogatoryes hee sayeth, That hee hath 
heard that the interrogate Rufreroe was generall and chiefe 
comaunder of the Portugall sea forces for the coaste of Persia, and 
that the said Rufreroe was sente out of Spaine with comission to 
surprize the Englishe shippes and to destroy and beate away the 
Englishe nation from trade in the Indyes, and did receave the 
sacrament to doe the same before hee wente out of Spaine, and hee 
knoweth that the said Rufreroe, with his forces at Jasques in the 
yeare 1620 (as he remembreth) did assaulte the Englishe shippes 
the London, the Harte, the Roebucke, and the Eagle, Capt. Shil- 
linge beeinge Admirall of them, and in that assaulte Capt. Shillinge 
and divers others of the Euglishe were slaine. 

To the 4 and 5th interrogatoryes hee cannot aunswere more then 
is contained in his former depositions. 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. Ill 

To the 6 and 7th interrogatoryes he cannott aunswere more then 
hee hath before deposed. 

To the 8th interrogatory hee aunswereth, That hee hath heard 
that the said Rufreroe, after hee escaped, wrott backe a letter to the 
President, That what with the muche worke of some, and muche 
drincke of others, hee had gotten oportunitye to escape. 

To the 9 and 1 Oth interrogatoryes hee cannott aunswere more 
then before. 

To the llth hee saieth, That the said Beaversham and Rufreroe 
did not understande one the other but by interpretacon, and were 
not very familiar more then at meales. 

To the laste hee saieth, That there was a small boate lay uppon 
the tide of flood and ebb about a sacre shott and more from the 
Lyon for some tyme before Rufreroe escaped, which after Rufreroe 
escaped was supposed to lye there to receive him when hee should 

escape. 

JNO. GRAUNT. 

6. Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 
[Admiralty Court, Book of Acts, clviii. fol. 204.] 



Serenissimus Dominus Rex et Do- 
minus Magnus Admirallus Anglise 
contra quindecem mille libras Regalis 
monetse Angliaa per Johannem Wed- 
dell, Richardum Blith aliosque eorum 
socios et complices prope Ormous intra 
jurisdiccionem Admirallitatis Angliae 
captas et in manibus Thesaurarorum 
Societatis mercatorum comercium in 
partibus India Orientalis exercentium 
existentes. 



Die Mercurii decimo die 

. A . ... . -p. 

mensis Martii Anno L>o- 

mini 1623, stilo Angliae 
coram Domino Henrico 
Marten milite Legumque 
Doctore, Judice, &c., in 
cdibus suisj &c. 

Presente me Thomas 
Wyan, Notario Publico, 
&c.,comparavit venerabilis 
vir Thomas Ryves, Legum 



March 10. 



Doctor, serenissimi Domini nostri Regis et etiam honorendi viri 
Domini Magni Admiralli Angliae Advocatus, et allegavit constare 



112 



THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 



ex quibusdam examinacionibus coram dicto Domino Judice captis, 
et penes Registrum hujus Curiae remanentibus, sumraam quindecim 
mille librarum sterlingarum et ultra in pecuniis numerates per 
Capitaneos Richardum Blith, Johannem Weddell aliosque eorum 
complices super alto mari prope oppidum de Ormous, et in aliis 
partibus infra jurisdiccionem Admirallitatis Anglise piratice captam, 
ad manus et possessionem Thesaurarorium Societatis mercatorum 
Anglorum comertium in partibus Indiae Orientalis exercentium per- 
venisse, et in eorum manibus existere. Quare petiit easdem pecu- 
nias vigore warranti hujus Curiae attachiandas, et dictos Thesaur- 
arios, in quorum manibus dicta pecuniamm summa remanent, 
monendas fore ad comparendam coram dicte Domino Judice apud 
Pretorium in Burgo de South war ke die Mercurii proximo* inter 
horas secundam et quartam a meridie ejusdam diei dictam summam 
quindecim mille librarum penes Registrum hujus Curiae deposi- 
tarum, quod Dominus ad ejus peticionem decrevit. 

7. Court Minutes of the East India Company. 
[Court Minute Book, yi. 454.] 

There was ommitted a dispatch concerning the Lord Admirall, 
jj ut J g to b e seene . 



8. Notes of Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 
[S. P. East Indies, ii. 83. Nicholas's Notes.] 



162* "> ^623. Serjaunt of the Admiralty in the East Ind: 

March 'l6. Court b procured in his Ma ts name and his use an attachment of 
15,000 U for goods taken piratically by the Company. 

* i.e. March 17. b Admiralty Court. 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 



113 



9. Court Minutes of the East India Company. 
[Court Minute Book, vi, 460.] 

Mr. Deputy declared to the Court that he was to moove them in 
a private busines neerely concerning the Company, and which will 
light heavy uppon them, but the greater parts understanding well 
what was ment did adveise rather to call some of the generality of 
the greatest adventurers unto Mr. Deputy and committees, and to 
treate privately of that busines, the publishing whereof might much 
wrong the Company. 



162J, 
March 17. 



10. Proceedings of the Court of Admiralty. 

[P. R. O. Admiralty Court, Act Book, 158.] 
******* 
Quo die Mercurii decimo septimo, viz 1 die mensis Martii predicto, 
horis et loco assignatis, coram dicto Domino Judice, presente me 
Willelmo Hareward Registrario <fec. comparuit Dominus Doctor 
Ryves Advocatus dicti Domini nostri Regis et Domini Magni Ad- 
miralli Angliae predicti et introduxit mandatum originale cum cer- 
[tificatorijo in dorso ejusdem super cujus executione Johannes 
Peckstall hujus Curiae Marescallus fidem fecit, et allegavit dictam 
summam quindecim mille librarum in dicto mandato jam introducto 
mentionatam, arrestatam et attachiatam fuisse et esse, prout in 
certificatorio ejusdem mandati continetur, ac magistrum Stone unum 
Thesaurariorum Societatis predicts aliosque ejusdem Societatis Offi- 
ciarios monitos fuisse ad introducendam dictam summam quindecim 
mille librarum istis die, horis, et loco juxta tenorem dicti cer[tifica- 
to]rii introducti, et (facta preconizatione dicti Stone et omnium 
aliorum jus, titulum sive interesse in pecuniarum summam predictam 
habentium sen habere pretendentium eisque nee eorum quolibet com- 
parent[ibus],) dictus Dominus Ryves accusavit eorum contumacias 
et petiit eos pronunciari contumaces et in penam, &c., arrestandos et 
detinendos fore decerni donee dictam summam quindecem mille libra- 

CAMD. SOC. Q 



162f, 
March 17. 



1 14 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

rum juxta tenorem dicti mandati in eos (ut prefertur) executi in Regis- 
trum hujus Curias introducant. In presentia W [illia]mson excusatorie 
nomine dictae societatis petentis dictam societatem et dictum Stone 
expectandos fore in aliquod tempus competens per Dominum assig- 
nandum ; unde Dominus pronunciavit dictum Stone, et omnes 
alios in hac parte citatos preconizatos et non comparentes contu- 
maces, sed ex gratia reservavit eorum peccas in diem Veneris proxi- 
mam a inter horas praedictas et con[tinuavi]t cer[tificatoriu]m man- 
dati predicti in eundem diem inter easdem horas. Quo die Veneris 
decimo nono, viz* die mensis Martii predicti, horis et loco assignatis, 
coram dicto Domino Judice presente me Registrario (facta preconi- 
zacione) comparuerunt Will[elm]us Stone, unas Thesaurariorum 
dictae societatis, Anthonius Abdey, Humphridus Browne, et Thomas 
Bonnist, Officiarii ejusdem societatis ; and alleadged that their 
governour is lately dead and yesterday was buried, and uppon 
Tuesday nexte b they have appointed a courte for the elleccion of a 
new governour, and that untill they have another governour ap- 
pointed they are not able to call a courte or resolve any thinge 
touchinge this busines ; wherefore they desiered to bee respitted 
untill some conveniente tyme after Tuesday nexte. In presentia 
dicti Domini Eyves acceptantis gesta predicta quatenus faciant pro 
parte sua, et quatenus contra, &c., dissentientis, &c., et petentis 
dictum Stone Theosaurarirum conimitti custodies Marescalli donee 
dictam summam quindeceni inille librarum in Registrum hujus Curiae 
introducant. Unde Dominus duxit ad ulterius deliberandum in hac 
causa die Mercurii proximo in Cenaculo Dominorum Advoca- 
torum, &c., inter horas secundam et quintam a meridie ejusdem 
diei, et casu quo aliquod tune non decernat ass[isti]t ad ulterius 
procedendum in hac causa proximo [termino]. 

March 19. b March 23. c March 24. 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 115 

1 1 . Notes of Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 
[S. P. East Indies, ii. 83. Notes by Nicholas of Proceedings in the Admiralty Court.] 

18 Martii 1623. Sir H Martin about X* past findeth on 162 f > 

rt TIT f i i i/-tiii March 18. 

examinacion of the Masters or shipps that the Comp. hath taken in 

vallue 100,000 li in severall partes of the Indies (fol. 14). The 
Dutch in such cases give 5 per cent, to the States, and as much 
to the Prince of Orenge. The Lo : Admirall protests the Companies 
shipps shall not goe except they compound with him ; but would 
make noe demaund till he had spoken with the King. The King 
protested the late Governor promised him 10,000 U , but the deputy 
protested he never understood of any such offer (fol. 15). The King 
called the Company piratts, and said he would question them for 
his rights, which he did in the Admiralty, and the serjaunt had * 
arrested the Company uppon an accion of 15,000" att his Ma ts suyte. 
The King would not propound a lesse somme then 10,000 U (fol. 16). 
The Court is unwilling to try any thing with the King in point of 
lawe, and therefore besought my Lo : Admirall to mediat for them 
to his Ma tie , which his LP promised to doe (fol. 17). The King 
being attended another tyme tould the Committee that the Com- 
pany promised him 1000 11 att Royston for the busines of Ormouz, 
and to the Lo: Admirall 20,000 U more (fol. 17). When the 
Deputy tould his Ma tie that the late Governor might perhapps speake 
something in generall words on the expectacion and rumour of 
some great matters taken att Ormouz, but that he spake nothing to 
binde the Company, the King said he was noe tyrant King. He 
allowes his subjects the benefitt of lawe, and would have it soe tryed. 
My Lord, being requested by the Company, refuse th to release the 
shipps till the parliament were moved (fol. 18). That in the treaty 
with the Dutch the King challenged the more, because (his Ma tie 
said) the Duke should have nothing. But the Duke was very round 
with the Governor att Whitehall, expostulating his being neglected 
by the Company ; when the Governor lett fall words that might 
give expectacion from the busines att Ormouz, and his LoP was 



116 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

entreated to stay till their shipps came (fol. 19). The King said to 
the Committee: "Did I deliver you from the complaint of the 
Spaniard, and doe you returne me nothing" (fol. 19). The King 
said that if it had bene followed all the Company brought home in 
their best shipps had belonged to the Lo: Admirall (fol. 20). The 
King's Advocatt moved in the Admiralty Court that the Threr 
of the East India Company might be comitted, because he brought 
not the 16,000" attached for the King; but the Judge in favour 
gives a further day. After this report it was ordered that 5000 U 
shalbe offred, and if that content not to be moved again (fol. 21). 

[Nicholas's Notes.] 

1624, 22 Martii 1623. It is prooved that there was 100,000" taken 

in the Indies, and the King demaunds 10,000 U for. himself and as 
much for my Lo: Admirall (fol. 21). Nothing is demaunded but 
for what hath bene taken besides trade. The King proposeth it 
thus, that the 100,000" vallue is taken justly or unjustly ; if 
unjustly all is lost, if justly yet they must pay a x 1 ; and the King 
declared that he would not suffer the Lo: Admirall to compounde, 
and dislikes the Companie should fall uppon the Chenoises. The 
King will not aunswere their suyte for release of their shipps, but 
sends them to the Lo: Admirall> who promiseth to move the 
Parliament for them (fol. 22 and 23). My Lo: Admirall stoode on 
it that great promises were made, and (the Deputy sayes) gave faire 
words, but withall gave orders to arrest the Company (fol. 23). 

It was observed that the shipps staid uppon pretence of State 
may be released for monny. Uppon debate it was resolved that 
10,000" should be offred for the King to shutt upp all busi- 
nesses (fol. 24). 

[Nicholas's Notes.] 

1624, 23 Martii 1623. The King insists on 10,000" for himself, and 

March 23. ag mucn f or the Lo : Admirall, because the Company had taken 

a 100,000" in MS. 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 117 

100,000". And the 10,000 U offered for the King gives noe content 
to his Ma tie , who sends the Company to the Lo: Admirall. The 
Company, debating what to doe, it was said they finde the King 
and the Duke very stiffe (fol. 24 and 25). It is affermed that an 
end must be made with the King and Duke before the shipps wilbe 
released. It is att length ordered to peticion that the 10,000 H 
might be accepted; if it would not, then to conclude in the best 
manner that might, before it was resolved the Company would not 
contest with the King. 

It is expressed on a marginall note that att the humble sute of 
the Company their shipps had leave to departe the -23rd of March 
1623. 

12. Court Minutes of the East India Company. 
[Court Minutes, vi. 466.] 

Mr. Governour reported that himself, with the rest that had bene 1624, 
named and desired to attend the King, had offered themselves, and 
could not come to a full speech with him concerning the somme of 
money required, but his Ma ty is pleased to give way that the 
Companies shippes may departe, whereuppon Mr. Governour said 
that he had sent away an expresse to the Downes, wherein he had 
given some touch of the occasion of their stay. He said that the 
messenger, Thomas Chancy, made good hast, but Mr. Kerridge, the 
man extraordinarily trusted, notwithstanding his promise to make 
like speed, is very slowe, and staid one whole day in London. 

[Court Minutes, vi. 471.] 

Mr. Governor reported to the Court that himself, accompanied 1624, April 2. 
with Mr. Deputy, Mr. Westroe, and Mr. Bell had attended his 
Ma tie concerning the demaund for goods taken in the Indies, where 
at the first, having laid open the necessity of the Company, and 
humbly praying a mitigation of the demaund of 20,000 H . They 
made offer of 10,000 h , as had bene agreed at a meeteing of the 



118 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

Company ; the rest of this dispute was for some speciall reason 
omitted, but remaynes to be seen in the originall, etc. 

13. Notes of Proceedings in the Court of Admiralty. 
[S. P. East Indies, ii. 83. Nicholas's Notes.] 

1624, April 2. The King and Lord Admirall tooke it ill that the Company 
peticioned to have 10,000 U accepted, the King building on a 
promise made to him and the Duke on his right of tenthes ; and the 
Governor and Company were dismissed with noe countenance from 
his Ma tle or the Duke. 

April 3. The next day the King sent for the Company, and propounded 

to them to give now 15,000 U , and 5000 U att the returne of the 
fleete from Zuratt, and promised the Company what grace and 
favour they would. The Governor, having the time of payment 
appointed to him, maketh noe denyall, but prayed he might 
acquaint the Company therewith. 

14. Court Minutes of the East India Company. 

[Court Minutes, vi, 475.] 

1624, April 7. Mr. Govern our acquainted the Court what monies they are to 
-pay to his Ma tie and to the Lord Admirall ; in the whole the summe 
of 20,000 U , which, being a greate somme, he desired the Courte to 
consider what discharge it wilbe fitt the Company require for the 
same. The Court thought fitt that some principall men, both 
Common Lawyers and Civillians, be consulted withall concerning 
that discharge. It was conceived that Sir John Waulter wilbe a 
very fitt man to be used in the busines, and accordingly it was 
resolved to entreate his puines therein, and that he wilbe pleased to 
call unto him some other lawyers of his owne choice, and that Mr. 
Stone shalbe entreated to attend him as beeing of counsell with 
the Company; and it was presumed that such Civillians as they 
shall have cause to use wilbe entreated to repaire unto Sir John 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 119 

Waulter's chamber in the Temple. And for a foundacion to this 
worke it was remembred that it hath pleased the King to promise 
that the Company shall have any discharge they will advise, but 
first to consult with lawyers and to frame their requests accord- 
ing^- 

[Court Minutes, vi. 485.] 

Mr. Governor having understood that neither Sir John Waulter 1624, April 14. 
and Mr. Noy for the Councell at Common Lawe, nor Doctor Duck 
and Doctor Zouch could as yet be procured to meete concerning 
the Companies discharg from his Ma ty and the Lord Admirall, and 
to consider what may be required of the Company, partly to 
strengthen their pattent concerning goodes taken or to be taken in 
the Indies, and finding that the principall cause of their not meeting 
growes from their continuall attendance in Parliament ; it was pro- 
pounded to hasten their meeting, and the rather for the time 
runnes on, and his Ma ts occasions will require the rest of the 
monney. It was therefore desired by the Courte that those Com- 
mittees that had allready dealt in the business would presse the 
lawyers to a speedy meeteing that the time overtake them not. 

Mr. Governor said that he hath bene earnestly pressed to pay 
1000 11 more 8 to Mr. Allen Apsley for the provision of victuall now 
presently required for his Ma ts shipps to be sett out, which he wished 
might be paid to furnish that occasion, but no more untill all were 
agreed and perfected, whereto the Court gave consent and ordered 
that Mr. Threor shall pay it accordingly. 

[Court Minutes, yi. 501.] 

Mr. Governour acquainted the Court that he hath bene tyred 1624, April 28. 
with solicitacions for the 4000" residue of the 10,000" to the Lord 
Admirall. He said he had bene with others of the Committees on 
Munday last to attend the Lord Admirall but he was gone to the 

From this and the next entry it would seem that 5,000?. had been already paid. 



120 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

King, but Mr. Alesbury hath brought a proxy for a full discharge 
to the Company. Allso order is taken that the Company shall 
have a sentence under seale for their discharge, and all shalbe done 
att afternoone by a proxy authentike. It was therefore moved that 
considering this reall forwardnes in the Duke some parte of the 
4000 11 might be paid in. The Courte was contented 1000 11 more 
shalbe paid when it is called for, and Mr. Deputy, Mr. Bell, Mr. 
Styles, and Mr. Abdy were entreated to be at the Courte of 
Admiralty at afternoone to see that all thinges passe freely ; for the 
Company and the release to be signed by the Lord Admirall beeing 
ready engrossed was read, and allowed by the Court. 

For the 10,000 U to the King, it was conceyved it wilbe called 
for and the Company pressed to payment, but the resolucion was to 
pay onely 5000 U , as had bene promised and accepted, and thother 
5000 11 in his due tyme ; and in the meane season uppon the pay- 
ment of the first 5000 11 to advise what discharge wilbe fitt for the 
Company from his Ma ty , wherein it was said that some had advised 
with Counsell, and do find the King may discharge the Company 
against the Spaniard by way of covenant, but not otherwise. 

15. Proceedings of the Court of Admiralty. 
[P. R. O. Admiralty Court, Act Book, 158.] 

1624, April 28. Postea die Mercurii vicesimo octavo die mensis Aprilis, Anno 
Domino 1624, coram Domino Judice in camera sua infra collegium 
Dominorum Advocatorum, etc., presente me Will[el]mo HarewaroT, 
dictse curiae Registrario, comparuit Williamson et exhibuit procu- 
ratorium unum pro gubernatore et societate mercatorum Anglorum 
commentium in partibus Indiae Orientalis exercentium et fecit se 
partem pro eisdem, in presentia Wyan exhibentis procuratorium 
speciale pro prenobile et honorando viro Georgio Duce Bucking- 
ham, Domino Magno Admirallo Anglse sub ejus manu et sigillo 
gerens datum vicesimo septimo die mensis Aprilis, cujus verus 
tenor de verbo in verbum sequitur, viz* Whereas there have beene 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 121 

heretofore divers shippes, goodes, monies, wares, and marchandizes 
of greate value surprized, seized and taken in the partes of Ash and 
Affrica by the shippes, captaines, officers, ministers, and servaunts 
of the Companie of Englishe merchants tradinge to East India ; in 
regard whereof I, George Duke and Marquis of Bucks, Lord Highe 
Admirall of England, conceave my selfe to bee interessed in some 
good parte or portion therof in righte and by vertue of my said 
office of Lord Admirall ; and wheras uppon the tenthe day of 
March last past there was and is an action commenced in the 
Courte of Admiraltie in the name of his Majestic and my self (as 
Admirall) against the said Company, for goods taken as aforesaidj 
in fifteene thousande poundes, with intencion and purpose after- 
wardes to sue and prosecute them for more sommes uppon the pre- 
tenses and interests aforesaide. These are now to authorize, will, 
and require you for mee and in my name, and as my procter to 
appeare before the Judge of the Admiraltie, and to acknowledge 
and confesse that I have received of the Governour and Companie 
of Englishe merchants aforesaid the some of ten thousand poundes 
lawfull money of England in full satisfaction as well of all such 
parte or portion as I, the said Lord Admirall, may or might claime 
or pretend as well to or in the said summe of fifteene thousand 
poundes, as alsoe to all or any other shippes, goodes, monies, wares, 
and merchandizes surprized, seized and taken by any the shippes, 
captaines, officers, ministers, and servants of the said Companie in any 
the partes aforesaid since the tyme of my comeinge to the office of Lord 
Admirall aforesaid unto the day of the date of these presents. And 
moreover to consente that the said Governour and Companie and their 
captaines, officers, ministers, and servaunts and every of them, bee in 
forme of lawe in the said Courte of Admiralty released, acquited, and 
absolutely dischardged of and from any parte, righte, title, and interest 
of, in, and to the said shippes, monies, goodes, wares and marchandizes, 
or any parte or parcell therof, in such sorte as shalbee by the Councell 
learned in lawe of the said Governour and Companie reasonably 
advised or devised; and for your soe doinge this shalbee your 
CAMD. SOC. E 



122 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

sufficient warrant. Geven under my hand and scale at armes the 
seaven and twentieth day of Aprill Anno Domini 1624. G. 
Buckingham. Directed to Sir Kichard Wyan, my Procurator in 
the Courte of Admiraltye. Ac tune Williamson nomine procura- 
torio quo supra allegavit decimo die mensis Martii ultimo prseterito 
litem seu actionem fuisse et esse intentatain in hac Curia nomine 
serenissimi Domini Jacobi Dei gratia Anglise, Scotise, Frauncise, 
et Hiberniae Regis, &c., et nomine Georgii Ducis et Admiralli 
antedicti, contra dictum gubernatorem et societatem pro diversis 
navibus pecuniis bonis et mercibus ad valorem quindecem mille 
librarum captis et ablatis in partibus Asiae et African par naves 
capitaneos, officiarios, ministros, et inservitores gubernatoris et 
societatis predicti, et porro antea et citra diem predicundum in 
hac civitate London et in aliis locis vicinis dicundis, enuntiatum 
declaratum et propalatum ex parte et per partem dictam Domini 
Magni Admiralli antidicti eundem D. Admirallum intentaturum et 
prosecuturum diversus alias actiones pro diversis alii bonis et 
navibus magni valoris captis seizitis et subactis in partibus predictis 
per partes predictas citra tempus officii Admiralli Anglise, &c v col- 
lad in se a Domino Rege predicto, usque ad hanc diem. Et in- 
super dictus Williamson allegavit dominos suos citra dictum diem 
decimum Martii et intentacionem litis predictse ad satisfaciendum 
Domino Admirallo predicto pro omni jure titulo et interesse suis in 
dictis navibus bonis mercibus in dicta lite sive actione comprehensis 
et quibuscunque aliis navibus bonis et mercibus in partibus Asiae et 
Affricae per totum tempus predictum modo quo supra prefertur et 
pretenditur captis seizitis et subactis, aut in quacunque parte sive 
portione navium bonorum pecuniarum et mercium predictarum 
realiter obtulisse dicto Domino Admirallo summam decem mille 
librarum legalis monetae Angliae, dictumque Dominum Admirallum 
in plena satisfaccione pro quocunque jure, titulo et interesse suis 
in dictis bonis navibus et mercibus aut qualibet earum parte aut 
quibuscumque aliis navibus mercibus et bonis per totum tempus 
predictum in partibus Asiae et African captis eeizitis et subactis per 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 123 

dominos suos eorumque naves, capitaneos, officiarios, ministros, 
et servos, eandem sumraara recepesse et acceptasse. Ideoque 
Williamson petiit dominos suos demitti, relaxavi et acquietari a lite 
predicta et ab omni ulteriore lite, prosecutione et irapeticione per 
dictum dominum Magnum Admirallum intentatum et motum seu 
intentandum et movendum, seu qua per dictum Dominum. Admi- 
rallum intentari seu moveri potuerint aut poterint contra dominos 
suos eorumve naves, capitaneos, officiarios, ministros, aut servos 
quoscunque pro quacunque parte jure, titulo sive interesse suis in 
navibus, bonis et mercibus per totum tempus predictum modo quo 
supra pretenditur captis seizitis et ablatis. In presentia Wyan 
juxta dictum suum procuratorium et vigore ejusdem fatentis et 
agnoscentis dictum Dominum Admirallum, dominum suum a 
Gubernatore et societate mercatorum predictorum, summam decem 
mille librarum legalis monetae Angliae in plenam satisfaccionem et 
solucionem cujuscunque partis vel portionis sive interesse ejusdem 
Domini Admiralli tarn in dictam summam quindecem mille librarum 
(pro qu& lis in dicta Curia Admiralitatis uti superius allegatur 
intentatur) quam quarumcunque aliarum navium, bonorum, pecuni- 
arum, summarum rerum, et merchandizarum subactarum seizitarum 
et captarum in aliquibus partibus Asiae et Affricae predictis per 
aliquas naves, Capitaneos, Officiarios, Ministros sive inservitores 
eocietatis mercatorum predictorum; a tempore collationis Officii 
Magni Admiralli in eundem dominum suum usque ad et in originum 
septimum diem mensis Aprilis jam terminantis Anni Domini 1624. 
Et preterea Wyan nomine dicti Domini Admiralii consensit ut Gu- 
bernator et societas mercatorum predictorum, eorumque Capitanei, 
Officiarii, Ministri, et inservitores eorumque quilibet a quacunque 
parte sive portione et a quocumque jure, titulo, et interesse antedicti 
Domini Magni Admiralli Domini sui in dictis respective [?] 
navibus pecuniarum summis, bonis, mercibus, et merchandizis, aut 
in aliqua parte sive parcella eorundem relaxentur, acquietentur, et 
absolute exonerentur juxta dictam peticionem ex parte dictae 
Societatis ut prefertur factam. Unde Dominus cum consensu dicti 



124 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

Wyan, dictum Gubernatorem et Societatera eorumque naves Capi- 
taneos, Officiarios, Ministros et servos quoscunque relaxavit et 
acquietavit ex omnibus et per omnia prout per Williamson petitur, 
dicto Williamson acceptante quatenus faciat pro parte sua. 

16. Coppy of my Lord Admirall' s Acquittance for 10,000 
received of the East India Company for his Lordship's 
rights due to him from them. 

[S. P. East Indies, TO!, iii. 15.] 

.624, April 28. George Duke and Marques of Buckingham, Earle of Coventrie, 
Viscount Villers, Barron of Whaddon, knight of the most noble 
Order of the Garteire, Lord Highe Admirall of England, Ireland, 
and Wales, and the dominions and isles thereof, and of the towne 
of Callys, and the Marches thereof, of Normandy, Gascony, and 
Guynes, and Captaine Generall of his Majesty's seas and navy royall. 
To all to whom these presentes shall come greeteing, Whereas the 
Governor and Company of merchants of London, trading to the 
East Indies, theire agents, captaines, factors, souldiers, marriners, 
ministers, and servants, or some of them, have taken, seized, and 
made prize of divers shipps, gold, silver, Jewells, wares, merchan- 
dizes, goods, and comodities in the parts of Asia and Africa beyond 
the lyne and beyonde the Cape of Good Hope, and in or uppon the 
seas over against the shoares of Asia or Africa aforesaid, and in or 
uppon any the sea shoares, havens, creekes, portes, harbours, or 
islands in the parts aforesaid, of or from some princes, states, 
nacions, and theire subjects respectively, or from any of them in 
those parts, and have disposed and converted the same to the use 
of the said Governour and Com panic : Now knowe ye that I, the 
said George, Duke of Buckingham, Lord Highe Admirall of 
England aforesaid, haveing taken consideracion, with the advise of 
Sir Henry Marteine, knight, Judge of the Highe Court of Admi- 
ralltie, of his Majesty's letters pattents under the great Scale of 
England, beareing date the foureteenth day of December, in the 
yeares of the raigne of our Soverraigne Lord King James of 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 125 

England, France, and Ireland the thirteenth, and of Scotland the 
nyne and fortith, graunted to the said Governour and Company, and 
of other allegacions made by the said Governour and Company, and 
on theire behalfe, have receaved and accepted the some of ten 
thowsand pounds of lawfull monney of England, to me paid by the 
said Governour and Company, before the date of these presentes, as 
a full satisfaccion of all such somes of money, tenths, duties, fees, 
proffitts, or other rights whatsoever any way due or belonging unto 
me, by virtue of the office of Lord Highe Admirall of England, for 
or in respect of the premisses, of and with which some I acknow- 
ledge my selfe fully satisfied and contented, and therefore doe 
acquitt and dischardge the said Governour and Company against 
me, my executors and administrators, by these presentes, and there- 
upon allso have remised, released, and quite* claimed, and by these 
presentes doe remise, release, and quite claime, to the said Gover- 
nour and Company and their successors, theire agents, captaines, 
factors, souldiers, marriners, ministers, and servants aforesaid, all 
sommes of money, tenths, duties, proffitts, fees, and all and every 
other rights or right any way due or belonging unto me, or which 
I may any way claim by virtue of the said office of Lord Highe 
Admirall of England from the said Governour and Company, theire 
agents, captaines, factors, souldiers, marriners, ministers, and ser- 
vants aforesaid, at any tyme heeretofore from the xxviii th day of 
Jannuary, in the xvi th yeare of his Majesty's raigne over England, 
untill the date of these presentes for or by reason of the takeing, seize- 
ing, and makeing prize of the said shipps, gould, silver, Jewells, 
wares, merchandizes, goods, and commodities, and allso all accions, 
suites, impetitiones, claimes, and demaunds which I, the said George 
Duke of Buck., as Lord Highe Admirall aforesaid, had, have, or 
may have, for all and every the said somes of monney, tenths, 
duties, proffitts, and rights whatsoever, or any part thereof, against 
the said Governour and Company, and theire successors, theire 
agents, captaines, factors, souldiers, marriners, ministers, or servants 

i.e. quit 



126 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

aforesaid, or any of them. In wittnes whereof I, the said George 
Duke of Buck., Lord Highe Admirall of England, have hereunto 
sett my hand and seale, the xxviii th day of Aprill, anno Domini 
1624, and in the yeares of the raigne of our Soveraigne Lord 
James, by the grace of God Kinge of England, France, and Ire- 
land, defender of the faith, &e., the xxii th , and of Scottland the 

Ivii* 

(Signed) GEORGE BUCKINGHAM. 

17. Court Minutes of the East India Company. 
[Court Minute Book, vi. 506.] 

524, April 30. The Court called to mind that howsoever there were a sentence 
in the Admiralty and release from the Lord Admirall promised for 
the discharge of the 10,000 U , yet because this money was paid to 
Mr. Oliver it were not amisse to have a receyete of his hand for 
the same, which they resolved to require. 

[Court Minute Book, vi. 509.] 

The Court fell againe uppon the consideracion of what discharge 
wilbe fitting the Company have from my Lord Admirall for the 
IC^OOO 11 . It was conceived, and it seems had bene so advised by 
Counsell, that the Company shall take our discharge under the seale 
of office, and anoather under the hand of the Lord Admirall. It 
was allso said that Sir Henry Martynn had viewed the release and 
differs in opinion from the common lawyers in some few particulars, 
viz*, where the acquittance runnes for goodes, Jewells, etc., taken in 
the portes of Asia, or Africa, or the portes, creekes, etc., where he 
houldes the portes, creekes, and the rest followeing to be unneces- 
sary, as beeing all included in the former generall wordes, etc., but 
the Courte beeing informed that Sir John Waulter doth confidently 
affirme that the wordes are necessary as the wordes are penned by 
the common lawyers, resolved therein to follow their direccion. 
It was allso infourmed that Sir John Waulter doth confidently 
affirm Sir Henry Martynn expectes some direccion from the Lord 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 127 

Admirall for signing and sealeing the release. It was therefore 
mooved that Mr. Alesbury be entreated to receive the Lord 
Admirall's order in that particular, and to deliver the same to Sir 
Henry Martynn, whoe thereuppon will forthwith signe the same. 

The Courte was further infourmed that the Company wilbe 
exceedingly pressed to the payment of 5000 U to his Ma tie , and the 
rather because att this time the Exchequer is shutt upp, notwith- 
standing there is a warrant for the presse of 30 marchauntes shippes 
besides those of his Ma tles appointed to be made ready. The Courte 
resolved to hasten what they could a discharge from his Ma ty , to- 
geather with such articles as may best availe the Company for the 
future, wherein Mr. Governour advised the Company to take hould 
of the present occasion, for that as the state of the Exchequer and 
the King's occasions now stand, they shall more easily procure 
satisfaccion concerning the future then they can hereafter, but 
advised them to parte with no monney untill all were finished. It 
was considered that the business cann have no present despatch, 
because when the assurances or covenantes shalbe drawen, his 
Ma* 8 Counsell must have a sight of them, whoe perhapps will allter 
some thinges, and so drive the Companyes Counsell to a second 
consultaccion, which will aske tyme. It was said that those Com- 
mittees unto whome had been committed the care of this busines 
had not slept in it, and that there is a draught ready wherein was 
inserted that the Company should be defended from the Spaniard, 
but those wordes held not fitt to be offered to his Ma tyes signature, 
or to single out the Spaniard in that kind, but it was advised by 
Sir John Waulter to be thus expressed, that his Ma^ will protect 
in case of question, and so leave it to gennerall interpretacion. It 
was therefore thought fitt to entreate Sir John Waulter to propose 
it, and that Mr. Noy shall drawe a covenant to that purpose. The 
Courte was further informed that the opinion of Counsell is (con- 
sidering the latitude of the former grauntes) that anouther covenant 
be, that for the tyme to come the Company shall enjoye the benefitt 
of any their former graunt or pattent. 



128 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

The Court was made acquainted by Mr. Deputy that howesoever 
the paines and travell of Mr. Governour and others in this busines 
were well knowen to this Courte, as allso with what difficulty they 
were singled out and drawen into it, which was with much relucta- 
cion and desire to be freed of the imployement as well in reguard of 
their owne particular occasions as to avoid the common censures 
which commonly wayte uppon these employments, yet as he con- 
ceiveth by some informacion they had not escaped uncensured as 
men ready to yield unto the companies losse, for it is said that if 
there had not been some false brothers amongst us the Company 
needed not to have paid the monney to the King and the Lord 
Admirall, wherefore Mr. Deputy mooved that the party may be 
called hereafter to discover those false brethren if there be any such. 
The Courte tooke it to harte, and resolved to question any such 
parson as shall have wronged them in that nature, whoe did all by 
direccion of the Courte, and commaunded an entry to be made of 
the mocion to thend it be not forgotten. 

[Court Minutes, vi. 516.] 

624, May 7. Mr. Cappur acquainted the Courte that he had been appointed 
to attend Sir John Waulter and Mr. Noye concerning such discharge 
for matters past and warrant to the Company from his Ma tie for the 
future as may best stand with his Ma w honnor and the Companies 
safety, those twoe particulars beeing the somme of all that cann or 
may be required. He said he found much difficulty in bringing 
them togeather, but in thend had done it. He said there is a 
draught but not yet perfited, whereof they have conferred togeather 
and agreed of the substance onely but yet wanted fourme. The 
Courte willed him to foliowe it with diiligence, because the Com- 
panies performance wilbe expected sodainely, and it wilbe very 
necessary they go togeather. 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 129 

[Court Minutes, vi. 526.] 

< 

Mr. Deputy acquainted the Court that a messenger had bene 1624 > Ma 7 19 - 
with him to attend Mr. Secretary Connoway ; that he received the 
Commons in the morning, and was to attend him within twoe 
howres; that himself and Mr. Bell went to Greenewich, where Mr. 
Secretary declared the present necessity for monies, and required 
not onely the 5000 11 , which is to be paid to his Ma^ uppon the 
sealing of the writinges by his Ma^, but likewise the other 5000 11 
which was not to be paid till after the arrivall of their next shippes 
from Zuratt, alleadgeing the urgancy of the present service, and that 
the victualling of the shippes intended to be sett out stayed onely 
for those monies. Mr. Deputy made answere that for the first 
5000 11 it shalbe ready so soone as his Ma 1 * hath perfourmed to the 
Company what he was pleased gratiousely to promise them, whereof 
there is as much hast as is possible, and wilbe ready so soone as the 
writinges shalbe approoved by his Ma ts Counsell learned ; for the 
other 5000 11 they humbly prayed to be excused untill the retourne 
of the Zuratt shippes according to their humble promise to his 
Ma*y : Mr. Secretary notwithstanding pressed the payment of the 
latter 5000 11 , and for the writinges, willed them to make all 
possible speed to perfect them. Mr. Deputy tould him that, this 
beeing Whitson weeke, and most of the Committees out of towne, 
there was no expectacion of their retourne till Tuesday night att 
soonest, and that upon the Wednesday they would consider of all. 
Mr. Secretary added further that if any thing were yet depending 
betweene the Dutch and them undecided, he would willingly inter- 
pose to the States Embassadors here present for the composeing 
thereof, wherein his labour should be to make upp all breaches 
betweene both Companies. Mr. Deputy and the rest gave his 
Honour humble thankes for the mocion, affirming it should be a 
greate favour to the Company if a setled and firme amity might by 
his meanes be broughte betweene them. 



CAMD. SOC. 



130 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

[Court Minutes, ri. 628.] 

M r> Munnes then signified to the Courte that in Mr. Governors 
absence Mr. Bell and himself had bene sent for to Secretary 
Connoway, whoe with much importunity requires payment of the 
10,000", whereto they had answered that for the first 5000 U 
promised, the Company were resolved to make payement thereof 
uppon passing the release and warrant for the tyme to come ; and 
thother 5000 U was not yet due. The Courte was further made 
acquainted that the draught of the writing had bene delivered to 
Mr. Attorney, whoe could do nothing therein untill he had a warrant 
signifying the Kinges pleasure. It was further made knoune that 
Mr. Governor and Committees had attended and indeavoured to 
have spoken with Mr. Secretary at the Parliament House and att 
the Counsell of Warr, but fayleing of him, had sent to him a coppy 
of the writing desired by Mr. Bacon and Cappur, of whome he 
demaunded the Companyes resolucion concerning the 10,000 U , but 
they haveing no direccion to say anything therein, Mr. Secretary 
had appointed the Companies attendance yesterday morning, where 
Mr. Governour, Mr. Deputy, Mr. Bell, and Mr. Abdy had accord- 
ingly attended, and in conference with Mr. Secretary he earnestly 
insisted uppon payment of the 10,000 li , useing many perswadeing 
arguments to induce the Company thereunto, as that it would do 
my Lord Duke an eapetiall favour, that it would be a good service 
to the State; that the King should thanck them, and that the 
presente payment would be good for the Company; and gave some 
hope of passeing the writeing. But when the Company pressed the 
perfourmance thereof he refused to give any direct answer unlesse 
they would directly promise payment forthwith, wherein they had 
excused themselves as haveing no warrant from the Company so to 
doe, whereuppon, the busines beeing taken into consideracion, much 
debate there was concerneing payment thereof. Some thought the 
Company should deale royally to pay, as was promised, the King 
graunteing the writeing which he had promised, and not sooner ; 
others were of a contrary opinion, and observed that this writeing 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 131 

will not onely acquitt the Company of all past untill this daye, but 
warrant their proceedeings for the future, and that the time in 
difference is not past 3 moneths, it may be not 3 weekes; for it was 
conceived that uppon arrivall of the first shippes, payment of the 
monney would be required, and could not be avoyded, and therefore 
it was wished not to give distaste, but to conclude fay rely, and to 
give way, useinge the best meanes that might be to lengthen the 
payments with Sir William Russell, or any other that should be 
assigned to receive the same; but it was objected that evill newes 
may come out of the Indies, and then the King in honnor will not 
take the latter 5000 U ; but it was answeared that there was no 
reason to expect it, and the Courte was advised not to be too 
spareing in this particular, if the writeing may passe. Some avowed 
if it must be paid yet to take defacacion of interest, but that mocion 
was not approved of. Here it was observed that it is one of the 
worst paynes belonging to a Committee to go betweene the King 
and the Company, and therefore it was desired that the Committees 
imployed in this or any other busines of the like nature may not, 
howesoever the busines goe, be wronged in their reputacions, or 
scandalized, seeing they faithfully and honestly discharge the trust 
reposed in them, and use their best endeavours for the good of the 
Company, whereto answere was made that all agree but one, and 
he fayrely objectes, but opposeth not the payement: and in con- 
clusion it was gennerally conceived that the monney would be well 
given, if the writeing might be confirmed, and the resolucion of the 
Courte was uppon passeing of the writing to pay the first 5000 11 ; 
and for the other 5000 U , to make it a certeyne debt at reasonable 
tyme, which was hoped would give content. 

Mr. Governor also reported Mr. Secretary Connowayes readynes 
and desire to perfourme any good office for the Company in the 
accomodacion of differences betweene us and the Dutch, to which 
purpose it was thought meet that the business be drawne upp the 
beginning of the next weeke, and presented in writeing to Mr. 
Secretary. 



132 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

[Court Minutes, vi. 531.] 

24, May 26. Mr. Governour made the Courte acquainted that himself with 
Mr. Deputy and some committees, haveing bene therto summouned 
attended his Ma ty uppon Satturday,* whoe gave them gracyous 
heareing, beeing in his coach ready to go abroad, there beeing in 
the coach with him the Lord of Annand, by whose direccion they 
presented themselves to his Ma^, whoe in much earnestnes deeire- 
ing to have the latter 5000 11 , which should not have bene paid 
untill the retourne of their next Zuratt shippes, they did in thend 
yield to. pay unto him as had bene agreed at a Courte of Com- 
mittees houlden the same forenoone the said latter 5000 11 , provided 
that in respect thereof his Ma ty would be pleased to graunte unto 
them, as had bene promised, a discharge for all thinges past be- 
tweene the Company and others in the Indies, and that some good 
rule be sett for their further direccion, whereto his Ma^ gave 
ready consent, and Mr. Governour acquainted him that the draught 
is with Mr. Secretary Conoway, and humbly prayed the same 
might be viewed and passed accordingly ; whereto his Ma ty gave 
ready consent, and promised the same should be perfourmed the 
next day, whereuppon Mr. Munnes and Mr. Bell attended Mr. 
Secretary the next day, b and acquainted him how by my Lord of 
Annandes meanes they had spoke with his Ma ty , and what earnest- 
nes he had bene pleased to presse the payment of the first and 
second 5000 11 in respect of his urgent occasions; that Mr. Atturney 
then attending att Court, Mr. Secretary had made him acquainted 
with the Kinge's pleasure, and that the draught for all that is past 
was well liked, but for the other concerning the future, Mr. At- 
turney desired to see the wordes of the Companie's pattent, which 
haveing bene by order of the Lower Howse of Parliament delivered 
in cannot yet be had out, but the wordes of the pattent were said 
to be recited verbatim in the draught delivered to Mr. Atturney, 
which notwithstanding is no warrant for him to ground uppon, and 

May 22. b May 23. 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 133 

therefore the originall must be had ; which the Courte appointed 
should be called for to the Clarke of the House of Parliament, 
with significacion of the reason why the Company desire it It 
was allso affirmed that when the writinges shalbe perfyted the latter 
5000 U shall not be over sodainely urged out of the Companie's 
handes, but it may be 1000 11 a moneth, the same beeing for the 
use of the Navy ; and the Thresuror thereof beeing contented to 
receive it by monethly payments. 

[Court Minutes, vi. 545.] 

Mr. Governour .... acquainted the Courte that they had bene 1624 > June 16 - 
much troubled with the busines of monney to be paid to his Ma tle 
and the Lord Admirall, as if they had bene slack in perfoureming 
of the 5000 U to be paid to his L p , and that the complaint was allso 
backt by one in greate place aboute his Ma^; whereuppon Mr. 
Governour gave true informacion to his Ma 1 ? that the busines 
stuck not att them, but the faulte was in those that should have 
procured for the Company a legall discharge according to agree- 
ment, whereuppon order was given by his Ma ty that a warrant and 
direccion of his Ma ts pleasure should be given by Mr. Secretory 
Conwey to Sir Hary Martynn for the peruseing of the draught of 
that assurance that so it might go to the Kinge's Counsell learned 
to be considered by them, to which purpose Mr. Secretory wrote, 
and his lettre was carryed by Mr. Governour and Mr. Deputy to 
Sir Henry Martynn ; whoe thereuppon resolved to do that which 
apperteyneth to his parte, which, as he conceyved, was to over- 
looke onely so much as concerned the Lord Admirall, and for the 
rest that concerned his Ma ty , to leave the same to Mr. Atturney, 
and beeing more propper to him, for which end the draught was 
this morning left with Sir Henry Martynn. 

[Court Minutes, vi. 548.] 

Att this Courte it was ordered that the Company shall frame a 1624, Jnne 18. 
warrant to be signed according to custome directed to Mr. Thre- 
suror for the payment of 10,000^ to the Lord Admiral . 



134 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

[Court Minutes, ri. 551.] 

24, June 23. Mr. Governour acquainted the Court that after many attendances 
uppon the Lordes att severall places both by himself and Mr. 
Deputy with those Committees that have usually assisted in this 
busines, as allso haveing understood from Mr. Atturney that the 
clause of offending the Portugalls in the Indies would not be 
graunted, they attended his Ma tie att Wansted, whoe, haveing ob- 
teyned audeence, they were required to make payment of those 
monneyes required by his Ma tle , whereto Mr. Governour replyed 
that uppon receipte of the release promised for the time past, and 
the warrant and direccion for the future, were ready to pay the 
monney. His Ma* 3 answere was that this was to give them leave to 
be pyrates. The answer was, the Company delighted neither in 
blood nor rapine, and therefore humbly besought his M aty would be a 
meanes that peace might be betweene the English and Portugalls, 
and then there should be no cause of complaint on either side ; or 
else that his M aty would be pleased to explane in what cases the 
English might defend themselves by offending others, if there were 
cause. His M aty declared that his meaneing was that the English 
beeing assalted by the Portugalls may wreke himselfe uppon the 
same shipp that assail ted him, but uppon no other ; nor uppon that 
shipp longer then till complaint may be made hither, and order 
from hence. Mr. Governour made answere that there is no safety 
to the English by this limitacion, and so came away from his Ma ts 
presence. After this, Mr. Governour and the rest were called in 
againe, and then his Ma 1 * made demaund againe both of the first 
and second 5000 11 affirming that he would have both, and it 
pleased a greate person then present to expound the not payment 
of the monney to be of purpose to drawe some greater privilidges 
from his Ma* 7 which they should never obteyne; whereto was 
replyed that the uttermost ayme of the Company was but to be dis- 
charged for the time past and allowed their just defence for the 
future. In conclusion, his Ma 18 expresse pleasure was that the 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 135 

whole 10,000^ shalbe paid, and Mr. Governour haveing humbly 
desired respite for answere to that latter 5000 11 untill after a 
Courte, did therefore now desire to knowe the pleasure of the 
Courte what answere he should make. The Court, unwilling to 
oppose his Ma te pleasure signified as before, did by ereccion of 
hands condescend and ordered that uppon the signing of the Com- 
panie's discharg for that which is past, the whole 10,000 U shalbe 
paid, and that the Company shall rest uppon his Ma te grace and 
favour for the future, wherein he hath bene pleased to promise that 
if they rest uppon him he will deale gratiously with them, and that 
he did not deny any thing the Company had a 

Moreover, Mr. Governour acquainted the Courte that in con- 
formity to his Ma te pleasure signified as before, Mr. Atturney had 
bene attended by himself and the rest employed in that service, and 
had drawen upp the release for the time past fitt for his Ma ts signa- 
ture, but had done it without a preamble reciting the former graunt 
in that particulars, which he had caused to be alltered, and that the 
same was sent by the Companie's Secretory to the Courte then 
resideing att Wansted for the procureing his Ma ts handes ther- 
unto, who, findeing not Mr. Secretory Conoway there, whome his 
Ma tie had formerly used in the busines, entreated Mr. Packer to 
procure his Ma te hand thereunto. But, there beeing none present 
but his Ma tte and the Prince and the Duke of Buckingham, the 
penning of the said warrant of discharge seemed unto them to 
extract further then his Ma ts purpose was to graunt, and so it 
rested unsigned att that time. 

[Court Minutes, vi. 654.] 

Mr. Governour reported to the Court that the release which was 1624, June 25 
carried by the Companie's Secretory to Wansted uppon Wednesday 
last, b and which his Ma ty was pleased to forbeare to signe att that 
time, that Sir Henry Martynn hath now perused the same, and 

Left so in MS. b June 23. 



136 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

findes it to be fitt for the Kinge's signature. The Courte therefore 
thought fitt, and so ordered, that their Secretory should attend Sir 
Edward Connoway att afternoone, and acquaint him that, according 
as had bene agreed att the last Courte, the whole 10,000 U is now 
ready to be paid so soone as the said release for thinges past shalbe 
signed, and that for the future the Company will rest uppon his 
Ma ts gratious goodnes ; not doubteing but he wilbe gratiously 
pleased to affoord the Company his Royall favour in that particuler: 
allso to entreate of Mr. Secretory Connoway that the Company may 
have a few wordes in writing under his hand expressing the receipte 
of the said 10,000 U by expresse order from his Ma*?, and for his 
use. But while these thinges were in agitacion, Mr. Oliver, a sei- 
vaunte of the Duke of Buckingham, came into the Court, and 
delivered unto Mr. Governour the said release for matters past 
framed by his Ma% and he undertcoke tha't Mr. Secretory Conno- 
way shall give under his hand a warrant to pay the said 10,000" to 
him, the said Mr. Oliver, whoe being departed the Courte, informa- 
ciou was given that divers of the gennerallity were of opinion that 
this Court had bene over forward in condiscending to give so 
greate sommes, and that it would come in question att the generall 
Courte, wherefore it was given in charge to the Companie's Secre- 
tory to looke upp those Courtes that were forborne to be entred, 
because they continued 81 the particular employments of Mr. Gover- 
nour, Mr. Deputy, and others of the Committees to his Ma ty for the 
service fitt to be inserted into the ordinary bookes of entries. 

[Court Minutes, yi. 555.] 

24, June 25. The Courte entred into consideration what foarmes of warrante 
wilbe fit to be given to the Thresurors of the Company for the two 
severall sommes of 10,000 li apeece ; for the first 10,000 U allready 
paid to the Lord Admirall, it was thought fitt the acquittance 
runnes in these wordes, viz , for 10,000 U to the Lord Admirall in 

* Sic. but perhaps it should be " contained." 



THE EAST INDIA COMPANY. 137 

full satisfaction for all pretences of right as Lord Admirall for all 
accions past in the Indies by sea or land to the 30 of Aprill last ; 
the other warrant for 10,000 U now to be paid to the King much 
challenged* by his Ma tie for freeing the Company's servauntes out of 
prison, and the Company from the complaint of the Spanish Em- 
bassador, and the Companie's shippes outward bound released, 
which were secured by order of the Parliament, untill uppon pro- 
mise thereof they were after released. 

18. Proceedings of the Court of the East India Company. 
[Court Minutes, vii. 10. (JExtract^\ 

A Court of Committees houlden the 9th of July 1624. 1624, July. 

Mr. Morris Abbott, Gov r . Mr. Abdy. 

Mr. Christopher Clethrow, Deputy. Mr. Browne. 

Mr. Alderman Cambell. Mr. Mennes. 

Mr. Alderman Allen. Mr. Smith. 

Mr. Alderman Ducy. Mr. Crispe. 

Mr. Treasurer Stone. Mr. Henry Garroway. 

Mr. Treasurer Bateman. Mr. William Garroway. 

Mr. Westrow. Mr. Leate. 

Mr. Offiey. Mr. Cartwright. 

Mr. Bell. Mr. Kirby. 

Mr. Styles. Mr. Eyers. 

Mr. Venn. Mr. Martynn. 

Mr. Hurby. Mr. Keeghtly. 

***** 
The Courte was made acquainted that 2000, part of the 10,000 2000 partof 

ordered to be paid to the Lord Admirall for his Maiestes use, is yet ^ 1 0,000 
. lett unpaid, 

unpaid, by reason there is not come to the Company that discharge 

* In MS. " to be much challenged." The sentence has been altered, and it was 
evidently intended to erase "to be " with the words "for so " which immediately 
followed as it was originally written. 

CAMD. SOC. T 



138 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

which they expected and was promised, viz. that Mr. Secretary 
Connoway should signify in writing under his hand the Kinges 
pleasure that it shalbe paid unto Mr. Olliver, and then Mr. Olliver 
to give his acquittance to the Company, which is not yet done, but 

rill the receipt there ig 2 000 residue of the said 10,000 tould out and sealed 
be delivered. _ 

upp by Mr. Oliver's man ready to be delivered uppon receipt of the 

said acquittance the monney be not delivered. 3 And they well 
remembered that the 10,000 after the last treaty with the Dutch 
was paid to the Lord of Annand for his Majestes use and his 
receipte for the same. 

19. Lord Conway to the East India Company. 

[S. P. East Indies, vol. iii. 23.] 

15 July, 1624. 
1624, July 15. May it please you, 

His Majesty seemes to marvell a little that the remainder of 
the mony which was to bee had from you is not yett received. 
His Majesty hath therefore commaunded mee to signify his pleasure 
unto you, that you deliver unto Mr. Kichard Oliver the ten 
thousand pounds, to bee employed in some secrett service for his 
Majesty without accompt or imprest, And that you receive an 
acquittance from him to that purpose, wherein you may bee pleased 
to give a speedy dispatch, the money being presently to bee 
disposed according to his Majesty's direccions. I have noe more 
in charge, and I will add no more but give you this assurance, that 

I am, 

Your assured loving friend, 
EDWARD CONWET. 

Theobalds, 15 Jnly 1624. 

Concordatum cum originali. 
EDW. SHERBURNE, Secretary to the said 
East India Comp. 

To my yery loring friends the Governonr, 
Deputy, and Assistants of the East 
India Company. 

Sic. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 139 



PART V. DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE SEVENTH AND 
EIGHTH ARTICLES. 

[In the seventh article Buckingham was charged with procuring 
the Vanguard, a ship of the King's navy, and six merchant ships to 
be conveyed to France, and with compelling the delivery of the ships 
to the King of France without sufficient security for re-delivery. 

In the eighth article he is charged with knowing that the ships 
surrendered would be used against the protestants of Rochelle, and 
with falsely declaring to the Parliament at Oxford, that they should 
not be so used. 

The whole story is an exceedingly intricate one, and can only 
be understood with the help of the documents which are now 
collected.] 

1 The Marquis of Effiat* to Louis XII f, 
[Harl. MSS. 4596, fol. 258.] 

Sire, 

Je ne croyois pas escrire a vostre Majeste pour ce coup de peur 1625 > 
de 1'importuner, ayant faict une grande lettre a Monsieur de la Ville 
aux Clercs sur le sujet de ce courier, mais depuis ayant este adverty. 
par quelques Huguenots de France que Soubise s'estoit saisy la 
veille des Roys b de 1'Isle de R et qu'il y faisoit un sort et qu'il 
avoit en mesme temps prins une place en Xaintonge, j'ay voulu 
prevenir le Koy de la Grande Bretagne, et luy ay faict connoistre en 
cette conjoncture de quelle importance estoit cette damnable action 

* Ambassador of Louis XIII. in England. 

Qn December 26 Jn Sistory O f ^fc^, 1603-1642, vol. v. p. 304, 1 hare 

January 5. 

erroneously assigned to this date Soobise's capture of the six French war-ships at 
Blavet. Soubise did not attack Blavet till January fa, and only succeeded in carrying 
off four of the ships on January . 



140 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

dont il est tres facillement deraeure d'accord, et m'a dit avec des 
marques d'une pleine bonne volonte envers vostre Majeste qu'il 
improuvoit tellement cette action, bien que Soubise fust son parent, 
qu'il 1'abandonnoit absolument, et si luy ou quelque autre se mee- 
loient de faire des folies en vos Estats il vous offroit toute sorte 
d'assistance d'hommes, vaisseaux et de tout ce qui estoit en sa 
puissance. Je croy que vostre Majeste luy en doit faire remercie- 
ment tout entier, car cela 1'engagera tousjours davantage en la 
bonne volonte qui luy va croissant a veue d'oeil et pour cet effect 
luy en escrire. II m'a aussy dit en suite quil craignoit quil n'y eust 
quelque chose d'Espagne, car Dom Carles Colombo a Ambassadeur 
extraordinaire luy dist sur ce qu'il couroit un bruit que vostre 
Majeste vouloit assieger la Rochelle ; que si vous vous attachiez le 
Roy d'Espagne, son Maistre assisteroit les Huguenots de France, et 
qu'il se falloit garder de vous laisser ainsy nettoyer vostre Estat, ce 
qu'il luy dist en grande confiance se voulant en cela servir de ces 
intelligences pensant luy faire un grand compliment estant lors en 
grande intelligence avec luy, voila comme il est a present bien 
guary de la maladie Espagnolle, et si 1'on ne laisse d'avoir advis du 
huictiesme que Gpndomar vient, j'espere qu'il ne fera pas grand mal. 
Je ne craindray point de luiter avec luy, 1'auctorite de vostre 
Majeste m'asseure qu'il y recevra un affront. Dieu me fasse la 
grace d'y estre aussy utile que mon devoir m'y oblige estant de 
vostre Majeste, Sire, 

Tres humble tres obeissant et tres 

fidelle sujet et serviteur, 
D'EFFIAT. 

De Londres ce 21 Janvier 1625. 

2 Louis XIII. to the Duke of Buckingham. 

[Harl. MSS. 4596, fol. 244 b.] 
Mon Cousin, 

Vous recevrez cette lettre par le Marquis d'Effiat a mesme temps 
mille remerciemens des bons offices que je re9ois journellement de 
a Don Carlos Coloma. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 141 

vous qui m'ont este tesmoignez par la Yille aux Clercs, et tout a 
1'heure nouveaux moyens de me faire voir la continuation de vostre 
affection. Je desire en ce recontre estre assiste de mon bon frere 
le Roy de la Grande Bretagne afin que toute la chrestiente con- 
noisse 1'union qui est entre nous, et comme le mauvais precede et 
la temerite du Sieur de Soubise luy desplaist, qui ayant ose attaquer 
des vaisseaux dans mes pais n et en arraer sans ma permission s'est 
rendu coulpable et va establissant dans 1'opinion de plusieurs que 
tous mes desseins au dehors seront eschouez par ses menees et 
traverses, ainsy le bien general de tous et le contentement de mon 
dit bon frere, nostre commune gloire et la vostre ; je dis la vostre 
et vous adjoincts a nous. Nous tenons qu'une bonne partie du succes 
sera deub a vostre generosite et a vostre conduite, laquelle me 
promet que vous ne manquerez pas de me faire ressentir les effets 
de vostre amitie, et selon les demandes du dit marquis de me faire 
avoir six ou huict navires de guerre les unes appartenants au dit 
Roy et les autres aux marchans Anglois, desquels d'autant plus je 
desire estre servy qu'estans sous vostre charge je m'asseure qu'ils 
seront vaillamment et fidellement. Je me remets au dit Marquis a 
s'estendre plus au long sur ce discours et a vous faire sgavoir 
1'impacience que j'ay de vous voir laquelle augmente par le recit 
qui m'est faict de vostre vertu sur laquelle pouvant establir une 
amitie certaine, je vous asseure que la mienne sera a 1'espreuve du 
temps et qu'il vous fera quel est le zele que j'ay a prier Dieu qu'il 
vous ait, mon Cousin, en sa saincte et digne garde. 

3 The Marquis of EJiat to Louis XI IL 
[Harl. MSS. 4596, fol. 277 b.] 

Sire, 

Je receuz hier un pacquet de vostre Majeste qui ma fort resjouy 1625, Jan. 
car elle me parle selon sa boiite ordinaire qui me faict croire que je 
ne suis pas en si mauvais estat que 1'on m'a voulu faire croire puis- 

a i.e. in the harbour of Blavet on Jan. -. 



142 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

qu'il luy plaist m'honorer de ses commandemens que j'executeray 
de sorte quelle en aura contentement et les choses seront prestes au 
plustost, non pas qu'elles puissent estre prestes pour la fin de ce 
mois comme vostre Majeste me mande, car je n'ay receu sa lettre 
que le vingt cinquiesrne du mois courant et lors tous les vaisseaux 
estoient empeschez au passage du Sieur Comte de Mansfeld et non 
equipez pour un grand sejour n'estant question que passage, et si le 
Roy de la Grande Bretagne est a Neumarquet qui est a cinquante 
mille d'icy, ce nest pas qu'il y ait aucune difficulte en quelque faon 
et maniere que ce soit a 1'affaire, car vostre Majeste* aura conneu par 
ma precedente comme sur le bruit que couroit j'avois prevenu le 
diet Roy de la Grande Bretagne. C'est pourquoy il ne faul pas mettre 
vostre demande en question, mais faire un compliment sur Foffre 
qu'ii a faicte a vostre Majeste par moy; 1'acceptant vous le priez de 
vous ayder non des six vaisseaux de guerre mais de ce que vostre 
Majeste pourra avoir quelque besoin et necessite aux occasions que 
jugerez convenables pour vostre service speciallement centre vos 
rebelles Rochellois et Soubise, et vostre Majeste se pourra asseurer 
qu'elle sera bien et promptement servie; car pour ne perdre point 
de temps, j'en ay parle a Monsieur le Due de Bouquinquam comme 
cela le quel en est veritablement demeure d'accord et cela estant de 
sa charge particulierement je crois que tout cela ira comme il se 
peut desirer, et m'en tesmoignant journellement un extreme desir 
pour contenter vostre Majeste me faict esperer de luy un parfaict 
acheminement de cette affaire. II sera aussy besoin de faire quelque 
lettre de remerciement au Prince et se souvenir de ce qui le regard e 
dont j'ay donne advis par ma precedente et faire aussy compliment 
au Due. 

$ $ * 4c $ 

4 The Marquis of Effiat to Louis XI II. 

[Harl. MSS. 4596, fol. 292.] 
Sire, 

Quant aux vaisseaux que vostre Majest^ demande des que le 
Lievre a est arrive j'ay este trouver le diet Due afin de depescher au 

* A courier. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FBENCH. 143 

Roy de la Grande Bretagne qui est a soixante mil d'icy un courrier 
par le quel le diet Due luy escrit que suivant les offres qu'elle 
m'avoit charge de faire a vostre Majeste, elle les avoit acceptees avec 
Joye et le siipplie de luy aider de huict vaisseaux de guerre et sans 
attendre le commandement, qu'il ne doubte pouit d'avoir, il a a 
1'instant envoye querir les Vice Admiraux pour donner crdre que 
les Roberges et les vaisseaux que vostre Majeste demande fussent en 
estat pour faire voile au premier commandement, et demain il fera 
dresser Pestat des hommes et de la despence des dits vaisseaux par 
rnois, je croy que vostre Majeste scait qu'en ces ehoses la 1'on advance 
tousjours le mois, cest pourquoy elle ordonnera que 1'argent soit icy 
a poinct nomme au jour de leur departement, je croy que lemeilleur 
est par lettres de change, car elle perderoit trop sur les especes. 
II y a un nomme Vanelle qui m'a tousjours faict tenir le mien a 
deux pour cent pour 1'interest et le change. II a correspondance 
avec un nomme Bierlamake a qui est un homme de grand credit. II 
faut aussy scavoir de voste Majeste pour combien de temps elle 
veut tenir les dits vaisseaux afin de ne faire point de despenses 
inutiles. Je supplie aussy vostre Majeste de me faire scavoir 
comment elle entend que je me retire avec Mons. le Due de Bou- 
quinquam et quel service elle desire que je luy rende par le chemin 
afin que j'obeisse comme je dois a toutes ses volontez. Je supplie 
tres humblement vostre Majeste" de me les faire connoistre et avoir 
consideration sur mes precedentes suppliant tres humblement vostre 
Majeste de croire que je ne pretends autres bienfaicts que d'estre 
asseure qu'elle a mon tres humble service agreable et qu'elle croit 
ma fidelite au degre que je 1'exerce priant tous les jours Dieu comme 
pour mon propre salut qu'il maintienne et conserve vostre Majeste, 
estant, Sire, 

Vostre tres humble tres obeissant 

et tres fidel sujet et serviteur, 

D'EFFIAT. 

A Londres ce 28 Jour de Janvier 1625. 

a Bnrlamacchi. 



144 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT.. 

5 Louis XIII. to the Marquis of Ejfiat. 
[Harl. MSS. 4596, fol. 283 b.] 

J5 Jan. 22 Monsieur le Marquis d'Effiat, 

Feb. l. Bien que je vous aye desja envoye les lettres de remerciement 
que vous jugez necessaires pour le roy de la Grande Bretagne raon 
frere telles que j 'ay creu convenables sur les ad vis que vous m'avez 
donnez, ayant receu vos lettres du vingt septiesme du passe a j'ay 
resolu d'en joindre une nouvelle a cette cy, et ayant de 1'advantage 
sur les occasions qui se presentent de son affection m'en prevaloir, 
si doncques vous ne luy avez rendu mes precedentes, ce courrier 
arrive vous irez le trouver, et par Pentremise du Due vous presserez 
qu'il m'envoye des vaisseaux, le f'rais desquels ainsy que je vous 
ay mande je payeray que je ne desire estre en plus de nombre de 
huict pour les joindre a d'autres qui me sont asseurez pour composer 
mon armement d'un nombre regie de voiles qui fortiiie de ceux Ih, 
et bien equipez sera suffisant non pour faire fuir 1'equipage du 
Sieur de Soubise, mais pour donner de la peur au plus puissant 
prince de la terre: mais quant a 1'autre chef qui concern e le Prince 
je ne scaurois luy escrire, me rendant coulpable par l'excluse, b mais je 
veux bien que vous n'obmettiez aucun office pour le destromper, et 
pour ce regard je me remets a ma derniere depesche a laquelle 
vous vous conformerez entierement et estant enquis des raisons qui 
me destiennent d'escrire vous direz celle la, adjoustant qu'il estoit 
inutile d'agiter cette question le Prince n'ayant point eu de pensee 
de passer la mer et le Due vous 1'ayant dit et a la Ville aux Clercs 
que seuls en m'escrivant pouviez donner lieu a ce discours. 
***** 

6 The Marquis of Effiat to Louis XIII. 
[Harl. MSS. 4596, fol. 295 b.] 

Jan. 23 Sir6 ' 
25) Feb. 2. Suivant ce que j'ay mande a Vostre Majeste" que Mons. de Bouquin- 

No. 3. i> ? Excuse. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FKENCH. 145 

quam avoit depesche* a la cour pour faire entre au Roy de la Grande 
Bretagne comme vostre Majeste acceptant les offres qu'il luy avoit 
faictes le prioit de luy aider de huict vaisseaux de guerre, ce qu'il a 
accorde" et command^ a Monsieur son Grand Admiral si les siens 
estoient tous occupez au passage de Monsieur Mansfeld ou n'estoient 
en estat de marcher, que 1'on en prist huict des meilleurs que se 
trouveroient mesme de marchands de la compagnie des Indes qui 
sont les plus grands de ses mers et les plus privilegiez et les mieux 
artillez et garnis de toutes choses necessaires et les plus promps a 
marcher et qui sont tels Monsieur de Bouquinquam y ayant donne 
ordre de sorte que vostre Majeste en sera bien servie et prompte- 
ment, car ils sont prests au premier jour, et si elle en avoit tres 
bon marche comme elle pourra voir par 1'estat que je luy envoy e 
que m'a donne Monsieur de Bouquinquam. 

7 Marquis of JEffiat to Mons. de la Ville aux Clercs* 

[Harl. MSS. 4596, fol 298 b.] 
Monsieur, 

Vous verrez par celle du Roy a quoy nous en somnes touchant 
les vaisseaux, et sans attendre les Icttres de complimens que je vous 
demande qui seront tousjours necessaires, j'en ay use ainsy, pour ne 1625, a ' 
perdre point temps. Les huict vaisseaux de cinq a six cens ton- 
neaux comme le Roy les demande seront prests dans quinze jours, . 
et si le Roy en a encore affaire d'un ou deux de huict a nef cens 
ou mille tonneaux pour en faire un Admiral ou Vis Admiral, nous 
les pourrons avoir mesmes de ceux du Roy qui seront en estat 
dans ce temps la. L'entretien en coustera un peu davantage, mais 
le service en sera plus signale. Quant a ceux-cy je pense que le 
Roy ne les trouvera pas chers, puis qu'ils m'ont faict voir par un 
extraict de la despense, tant pour la solde de deux cens cinquante 
hommes sur chaque vaisseau qui seront equipez et armez de tout ce 
qui leur faut, et vivres pour six mois sans qu'ils ayent besoin de 

Secretary of State to Louis XIII. 
CAMD. SOC. U 



146 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

mettre pied a terre, ny qu'on leur fournisse chose du monde ; tous 
les boullets poudres et toutes choses necessaires ausdits vaisseaux, 
et pour le loiiage du diet vaisseau du port de cinq a six cens 
tonneaux et pour toutes choses generallement quelconques ils 
reviendront environ a deux mil escus par mois chaque vaisseau ou 
peu s'en fault, parceque ce qu'ils m'ont donne ne contenoit que 
ce que je vous mande, je 1'ay trouve un peu trop general, Mon- 
sieur de Bouquinquam me 1'ayant promis par le menu, je ne 1'ay 
voulu receuoir ainsy Payant demande par le menu, de sorte que 
nous verrons jusqu'a un sold la despense en detail, et scaurons 
combien faut pour le Capitaine, Lieutenant, soldat et matelot, quelle 
quantite de vivres et munitions y sont de canons et toutes sortes 
d'armes, mais cela estant un peu long ils m'ont diet que je ne le 
scaurois avoir de trois ou quatre jours: des que je 1'auray receu je 
vous 1'envoyeray. Cependant je vous escris ce qui est a ma con- 
noissance afin que vous fassiez tenir preste la monstre d'un mois 
estant le moins que Ton advance parce qu'ils fournissent tousjours 
leurs navires pour six mois devant que de les mettre en mer. II y a 
les principaux officiers de la marine ausquels il est necessaire de 
faire quelque petit present de la part du Roy entr'autres au Secre- 
taire de I'Admiraute* qui travaille avec beaucoup de soin. II 
faudroit me faire scavoir pour combien de temps on les veut louer 
et s'il ny aura point quelqu' homme de commaundement francois 
et ce que je dois faire la dessus. Vous ne m'avez point aussy rendu 
de response touchant MasueP de la chambre du lict, Monsieur de 
Bouquinquam dit que vous avez oublie' a luy rendre response tou- 
chant les vingt vaisseaux que Monsieur le Connestable luy avoit 
demandez ****** 
* ****** 

Vostre tres humble et obeissant 
et oblige' serviteur 

D'EFFIAT. 
A Londres ce dienxiesme de Febvrier 1625. 

Edward Nicholas. b Maxwell. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 147 

8 Louis XIII. to the Marquis of Ejfiat. 
[Harl. MSS. 45%, fol. 306.] 

Monsieur le Marquis d'Effiat. 162 5, Jan- 29 

Vos lettres du deux de ce mois ra'ayant este rendues hier sur le 
midy, j 'employe la mesme journe'e a les considerer, et y ay ant re- 
marque* de 1' affection du Koy de la Grande Bretagne et du Due de 
Bouquinquam, c'est une peine extreme au dernier, je ne puis moins 
que satisfaire tous les deux, user de remerciement envers le diet Roy 
pour les vaisseaux qu'il me prest, a vous ordonner de le luy faire 
entendre et au diet Due des offices duquel je tiens cet advantage, et 
voulant m'en prevaloir vous dire de haster Pembarquement asseure" 
qu'au premier jour et avant qu'ils soient equippez vous aurez receu 
de quoy leur advancer la premier mois, ayant desja commande qu'on 
vous en envoye des lettres de change ainsy que par ma precedente 
depesche vous aurez peu apprendre ce qui sera execute dans aujourd 
huy ou demain et ce par la voye de Vanelly avec lequel on traicte 
la mesme lettre vous aura faict connoistre que je desire un vaisseau 
pour server d' Admiral a ma flotte ce que vous ayant este offert 
ainsy que vous Pavez mande a la Ville aux Clercs j'ay a desirer que 
vous 1'acceptiez sous condition que celuy la portera mon pavilion ce 
qui ne me peut estre refuse. 



9. James I. to Louis XIII. 

[Harl. MSS. 4596, fol. 334b.] 

Treshault ties puissant et tres excellent Prince nostre ties cher et Ig25 F b __ 
tres ame bon frere cousin et ancien aliie. Encore que le feu Roy 
vostre pere d'heureuse memoire ait este justement appelle' Henry le 

Something seems to have been altered or omitted in the preceding lines. 



148 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

Grand pour avoir en effect reconquis par armes son Royaume de 
France, bien qu'il luy appartenoit comme son propre heritage, 
neantmoins vous avez raaintenant faict une plus grande conqueste, 
car le Royaume de France encore qu'il estoit reconquis par les 
armes victorieuses du Roy vostre dit pere, il luy appartenoit de 
droit, et par ce moyen il ne subjugua rien que ce qui estoit a luy, 
mais vous avez maintenant faict une plus grande conqueste, uyant 
vaincu par vos deux dernieres lettres si pleines de courtoisie vraye- 
ment cordiale vostre bon frere et ancien allie* et tous les Royaumes 
apartenans a luy, car nous nous confessons tellement vaincus par 
vostre affection plus que fraternelle que nous ne vous pouvons 
rendre la pareille sen tern ent nous pouvons vous promettre et asseurer 
en foy d'homme de bien que vous aurez le pouvoir tousjours non 
seulement de disposer de nos forces et royaume mais de nostre 
coeur de nostre personne et de la personne de nostre fils si vous en 
avez affaire (que Dieu ne vueille), vous priant de vous asseurer que 
nous serons tousjours si loin de penser a cherir ou donner aucune 
contenance a aucun de vos sujets de quelconque profession de 
religion qui oublieront leur devoir naturel envers vous, que si 
mesmes nous pouvons sur aucune occasion en avoir le vent, vous en 
serez aussy tost fidellement adverty, et vous pouvez promettre 
qu'en pareille occasion ou aucune chose qui porroit tendre a 1'hon- 
neur de vostre couronne vous aurez tousjours le pouvoir de disposer 
librement de nostre assistance comme si cettoit nostre propre cause, 
et sur cette verite" que nos interests seront tousjours communs nous 
prions Dieu tres haut tres excellent et tres puissant prince, nostre 
tres cher et tres ame bon frere cousin et ancien allie" de vous avoir 
tousjours en sa tres saincte garde. De Neumarquet le neufiesme jour 
de Fevrier mil six cent vingt quarte. 

Vostre tres affectionne frere Cousin et ancien allid, 

JACQUES R. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 149 

10. The Duke of Buckingham to the Marquis of Effiat. 
[Harl. MSS. 4596, fol. 349.] 

Monsieur, 1625, Feb. 

II est advenu depuis vostre partement qu'en ouvrant un pacquet 
de lettres en presence du Roy mon maistre qui m'avoit este adresse* 
non de la part de Messieurs les Ambassadeurs mais d'un autre, j'y 
ay trouve' un advertissement comme Monsieur le Connestable avoit 
este rappelle avec ses forces pour venir fondre sur la Rochelle: ce 
qui je n'eusse pas volontiers communique a Sa Majeste, n'estant 
autrement fonde sinon que j'ay este ainsy soudoinement surpris, 
mais Sa Majeste ayant veu et mettant en balance cet advertisse- 
ment avec le retardement des trouppes qui devoient joindre le 
Comte de Mansfeld s'en est forte estonne et n'en peut faire 
autre argument sinon que c,a estoit un dessein de longue main 
projette de faire pretexte de lever des gens pour une si belle 
entreprise et puis tout a coup de les detourner contre ceux de 
la religion parquoy je vous prie de prendre cette occasion de re- 
in onstrer au Roy vostre Maistre le danger qu'il y a de rallumer la 
guerre en ses propres pays au lieu de la porter ailleurs tant en son 
propre advantage et au bien commun de toute la chrestiente les 
affaires estans desja si bien acheminees et avec combien plus de 
facilit^ il pourra ranger Mons r de Soubize a raison par 1'offre et . 
assistance de Sa Majeste qu'en divertissant Monsieur le Connestable 
qui est bien advance' pour 1'employer contre luy outre le destourbier 
qui en pourroit survenir au traicte' qu s'en va si heureusement ac- 
comply, enquoy vous ne vous estes employe avec moindre affection 
que Monsieur 

Votre tres humble et affectionne serviteur, 

BOUQUINQUAM. 

De Nenmarqnet le onzieme Fevrier, 1624. 



150 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 



11 The Marquis of Effiat to Louis 
[Harl. MSS. 4596, fol. 327.] 

Sire, 

J'ay receu le quinziesme du courant la derniere dont vostre 
Majest^ m'a honofe par laquelle elle me commande de faire haster 
les vaisseaux que le Roy de la Grande Bretagne luy preste au 
plustost, et que j'essaye d'avoir un de ceux du dit Roy pour servir 
d' Admiral a condition qu'il portera le pavilion de vostre Majeste 
quand vostre grand Admiral sera dessous ce que j'ay obtenu de sorte 
que vostre Majest^ en disposera comme il luy plaira et pour le 
temps qu'elle voudra et ou elle trouvera bon de les employer. De 
Borte que je pense avoir satisfaict a tout ce qu'il avoit pleu a vostre 
Majeste m'ordonner, mais si elle veut estre promptement service il 
faut envoyer de 1'argent, car jay faict advancer ^out ce que j'ay peu, 
mais 1'on ne scauroit faire davantage si vostre Majeste n'en envoye, 
car 1'on a accoustume' de fournir aux marchands tousjours deux 
mois pour le moins par ce quil faut garnir les vaisseaux de toutes 
sortes de munitions de yivres et de guerre pour tout le voyage; je ne 
laisseray de les faire contenterdu mois etleur faire fournir d'asseurances 
pour les solder du temps qu'ils seront au service de vostre Majeste, qui 
ordonnera a loisir de leur payement selon 1'estat qu'elle en aura, car 
elle ne le peut avoir au juste qu'en ce temps !, car les marchands ne 
peuvent envitailler les dits vaisseaux qu'ils ne sachent le nombre 
d'hommes que Ton veut mettre dessus, et ne veullent louer des 
raattelots n'y arrester des soldats qu'ils ne soient bien asseurez de 
1'employ et du temps que 1'on les veut tenir, a quoy je n'ay sceu 
donner ordre que vostre Majeste" m'aye mande pour combien elle les 
veut, ce qui est besoin de me faire scavoir au plustost et m 'envoyer 
la lettre de change, car tout ce que j'ay peu faire par mon credit c'a 
este de faire mettre tous les dits vaisseaux en estat d'aller a la mer 
estants bien equipez et cordaigez, voilez et garnis de canons et de 
tout ce qui est le plus long a mettre en estat, car le reste va viste 
allant comme Ton veut quand on a 1'argent. II n'y faut plus perdre 
de temps car voicy le printemps ou chacun se garnit de tout ce 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 151 

qu'il pent avoir affaire de ce coste la. J'ay aussy & faire ressouvenir 
vostre Majeste* que des cet Est elle m'a command^ d'asseurer tous 
ceux ausquels elle veut departir ses bienfaicts et qui en auroient 
satisfaction, et que je croy qu'il faut donner aux Sieurs de Sainct 
Antoine, Du Thier, Boislaure, et Maxuel un homme de service de 
la chambre du lict, comme Monsieur de la Ville aux Clercs scait et 
ce commencement ne peut donner les esperances que Ton desire 
persuader ceux qui en recoivent les bienfaicts qui cautionnent par 
leur sourd bruit ce que 1'on en doit faire esperer, et neantmoins 
depuis je n'en ay pas ouy parler, il n'y en a pas beaucoup, c'est 
pourquoy je pense que le service de vostre Majeste veut que 1'on y 
donne, en ce temps ou il est question de desraciner absolument les 
Espagnols qui songent tousjours a cette cour y envoyans le Comte 
de Gondomar pour cet estat; on le croit a present sur son partemcnt 
ce n'est pas que je le craigne beaucoup, car 1'auotorite de vostre 
Majestd est trop forte, et si je pense qu'il vient a tard, car ie Roy de 
la Grand Bretagne este tellement prevenu qu'il a diet a mon 
arrivee a Neumarquet tout hault devant tout le monde qu'il estoit 
Fran9ois, que ses Royaumes et tout ce qui en deppendoit estoit au 
service de vostre Majeste", qu'icy ces coquins de Huguenots de 
France (usant de ces termes) vouloient faire quelque rebellion qu'il 
iroit en personne pour les exterminer et tous ceux quy voudroient 
resister a vostre service et qu'il donneroit ou vostre Majeste vou- 
droit, a quoy je n'ay sceu respondre que des complimens acceptant 
cet offre si 1' occasion s'en presentoit pour monstrer 1'estime que je 
scavoys que vostre Majeste en feroit, et qu'il faict tousjours bon de 
Her taut que 1'on peut ; il escrit une lettre a vostre Majeste qu'il a 
dictee luy mesme la plus civile qui se peut imaginer * 

* * * * * 

estant de vostre Majeste Sire 

Tres humble tres obeissant et 

tres fidelle sujet et serviteur 

D'EFFIAT. 

A Londres ce vingtquatriesme de Fevrier 1625. 



152 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

12. Louis XIII to the Marquis of Efat. 
[Harl. MSS. 4596, foL 336 b.] 

Feb. 21 Monsieur le Marquis d'Effiat, 

' March 3. j )& ^ rcceu p ar j e i eur d e la Kiviere le premier de ce mois vos 
lettres du vingt quatre du passe", et avec elles une qui me contente 
bien davantage, car quoy que les autres m'asseurassent del'affection 
du Roy de la Grand Bretagne et que tout ce que j'avois peu desirer 
pour des vaisseaux estoit effectue, sa lettre porte ce que vous en 
pouviez dire : aussy non content de la dire a ses Ambassadeurs et de 
vous ordonner de 1'en remercier je luy escris moy mesme, jugeant 
que com me il falloit estre Roy pour si bien parler, il faut 1'estre 
aussy pour s'exprimer sur le remerciement, vous avez done a luy 
rendre ma depesche et en ce rencontre choisir les plus expresses 
parolles que vous scavez pour exp rimer mon contentement et faire 
valoir mes sentimens que je vous asseure estre tous tels que les 
mouvemens que vous avez remarquez en mon frere le Roy de la 
Grand Bretagne a qui je souhaitte et au prince son fils toutes les 
vertus qui sont deuz a de si bons princes qu'eux, et pour revenir 
au contenu de vostre dite depesche pour les vaisseaux apres les 
remerciemens que vous avez a en faire aussy au Due de Bouquin- 
quam, j'ay a vouloir que vous les arrestiez pour quatre mois de 
service et que vous conveniez avec les proprietaires du fret les 
autres despenses y attachees, voulant qu'ils soient tres bien artillez 
et envitaillez munis de voiles et autres choses necessaires a la navi- 
gation et fburnis de nombre de bons pilottes, matelots, canonniers, 
et autres officiers, reservant seulement ainsy que je le vous ay mande 
d'y mettre les capitaines et les soldats ce qui ne peut estre refuse, 
1'exemple des Hollandois tres jaloux de la conservation de leurs bords 
y conviantles Anglois; mais pour le vaisseau qui m'est accorde pour 
servir d'Admiral avec ordre de porter mon pavilion, mon cousin de 
Montmorency montant sur la flotte je craindrois qu'ils y feroieDt 
phis de difficult^, et toutesfois la raison veut que les soldats qui 
seront avec luy soient francois et qui entendent les commandemens 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 153 

qu'il aura a leur a de dessus le quel je n'entends pas oster le capitaine 
particulier pourveu qu'il soit tel que je m'asseure qu'on 1'envoye et 
avec les autres conditions, et ayant a estre promptement servy de 
cette flotte sans attendre response a mes precedentes je vous envoye 
cette lettre de change dont desja vous avez ouy parler, et ne man- 
queray de donner ordre pour le payement de cette despense des 
Theure qu'elle sera certaine, ce que je ne puis scavoir que sur ce 
que vous m'en escrivez, ayant resolu le nombre des mariniers et 
autres officiers qui seront sur chaque vaisseau. Pour ce que vous me 
rnandez du Gondomar, j'ay mesme sentiment que vous et ne puis 
croire qu'on 1'envoye d'Espagne, si ce n'est pour faire des ouver- 
tures pour la restitution du Palatinat, desquelles je m'asseure qu'on 
se gardast bien, aussy ne vous en escris-je qu'en passant et pour vous 
advertir d'en faire sentir quelque chose au Due et remarquer son 
sentiment, lequel ayant escrit a la Ville aux Clercs de quatre choses 
je luy ay permis de vous faire entendre ce qui est des trois et pour 
1'autre vous avez a dire que luy Due estant de deca fera ses ouver- 
tures qui seront tousjours tres bien receues et verra ce qui se peut 
et doit faire dessus ou je le desire avec impatience, soit pour con- 
clure le mariage de rna sceur et du Prince, luy tesmoigner combien 
je I'ayme et pour faire mener au Roy son Maistre celuy de mes 
sujets qui recelle ce que le Prince vouloit envoyer a ma soeur, la 
quelle certes et moy aussy somnes estes tres satisfaicts de ce que le 
Sieur Cherry luy a apporte, le quel s'en allant s'est charge* de faire 
entendre cela au dit Prince. Je ne manqueray aussy envers les 
Ambassadeurs d'observer ce que vous me marquez bien qui leur 
conduite en mon endroit m'en deust empescher, estimant que c'est 
h, moy a estre le plus sage, et sur ce je prie Dieu &ca. 

13 Louis XI I L to the Marquis d' Effiat. 

[Harl. MSS. 4596, fol. 356.] 
***** 

Reste maintenant a vous dire que j 'attends les vaisseaux de dela ( Feb. 25 
avec impatience aux conditions mentionnes dans mes precedentes ' M^rcS^T. 
que j'estime d'autantplus iustes que moyennant que les soldats soient 

CAMD. SOC. X 

11 ? lenr donner. 



154 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

Frangois je seray inaistre de 1'equipage et donneray preuve de 
confiance aux Anglois et a laissant les matelots, canonniers et autres 
officiers de leur nation. 



14. The Marquis of Effiat to Louis XIII. 

[Haxl. MSS, 4596, fol. 350.] 
Sire, 

Je receushier les lettres que le Sieur de Seton m'a apportees de la 
part de vostre Majeste et me rendray a Thiboldz a 1'arrivee du Roy 
de la Grande Bretagne qui est party de Neumarquet pour y venir, 
et essayeray de le disposer a tout ce que vostre Majeste me commande ; 
cependant je fais cette depesche pour supplier vostre Majeste de con- 
siderer ce que je luy escris par ma precedente et ce qui regarde 
Monsieur de Bouquingham, car je croy qu'il ne luy faut refuser 
aucune ceremonie pour luy donner contentement le b service de vostre 
Majeste le voulant ainsy selon ce qui est a ma connoissance. 

Quant aux vaisseaux j'en ay escrit parquoy je ne 1'importuneray 
pas d'une redite, attendant ses commandemens la dessus et de me 
faire scavoir resolument si elle veut que ce soient des soldats francois 
dessus, car pour les matelots ils ne peuvent estre que Angloisj 
quant aux soldats je ne fais point de difficulte que nous ne puissions 
avoir la liberte d'en mettre de Fra^ois, mais je ne scay si c'est le 
meilleur par ce que Monsieur de Bouquinquam est tant picque 
d'honneur en ce service y mettra des hommes tels que j'ose dire que 
Ton n'y en pourra avoir de meilleurs, toutesfois on les pourra mesler en 
mettant tant de Francois que d'autres, et 1'envie qui est naturelle aux 
nations les portera a mieux faire, oubientous Francois; comme il plaira 
a vostre Majeste me 1'ordonner j'essayeray de 1'obtenir le scachant 
promptement, je ne laisseray cependant de preparer les voyes. 

***** 
estant de vostre Majeste, Sire 

Vostre tres humble tres obeissant et tres fidel sujet et serviteur 

D'EFFIAT. 

A Londres le 11 Mars 1625. 

* ? en. * Sic. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 155 

15. Tlie Marquis of Ejji'it to M. de la Villa aux Glercs. 
[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 9 b.] 

Monsieur, ^ 

Je n'ay point eu de response dessus ce qui est de mettre des March fj. 
soldats Francois sur les navires, le Due asseurant que si on le laisse 
faire qu'il respondra au Roy de cette petite flotte la, de sorte qu'il 
en aura contentement, ce qui m'a semble fort considerable afin de le 
rendre comme garant de Pevenment, ayant tousjours a passer par 
les mains des mariniers Anglois, il semble qu'il suffiroit que Mon- 
sieur 1' Admiral de Montmorency, qui aura, tousjours avec luy 
cinquante on soixante gent'lhommes de commandement et plusieurs 
homines de mer estant luy mesme a la flotte pourra faire monter sur 
les vaisseaux avec de ses gens de commandement tels hommes qu'il 
advisera extraordinaires et qui ne seront a la solde ordinaire n'y 
estans que par occasion, car autrement il y auroit grande difficult^ 
pour le deffray des soldats, et les maistres des Navires en demande- 
ront beaucoup plus qu'ils ne valient, et feront monter la despense de 
leur nourriture quasi autant que devroit faire toute la solde, et si il 
est a craindre que leur naturel ne s'accommode pas aucunement a la 
facon de vivre des Anglois et qu'ils ne portent pas si bien le travail 
de la mer qu'eux pour ne 1'avoir habitue comme vous le pouvez 
scavoir, qu'il est grandement difficitle a la pluspart de ceux qui 
m'ont este jamais en guerre sur mer que la fatigue et la difference 
de celle de la terre faict que la pluspart ne pouvant supporter cette 
incommodite, tournant plustost a charge a une armee navalle que 
non pas au soulagement d'icelle, tant par la foiblesse dont ils sont 
surpris que la pluspart demeurans malades incommode grandement 
par ce moyen tous ceux qui demeurent ave ceux, et nonobstant 
tout cela je me suis tousjours tenu au commandement que le Eoy 
m'a faict jusques a temps que j'eusse ordre de changer, cedant a 
cette proposition qui me paroist tres considerable, c'est pourquoy j'en 
avois cy devant escrit, et voyant que je n'ay point de response j'ay 



156 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

ereu qu'il estoit a propos de renvoyer ce courrier pour en avoir 
resolution aussy qu'il y a une grande difficulte que je ne scaurois 
vaincre, et si je n'y puis ceder sans en avoir pouvoir, ayant mesme 
commandement au contraire, le Roy m'ordonnant de ne loiier les 
vaisseaux que pour quatre mois, et Ton ne les loue jamais a moins de 
six, car les livrant environ le mois d'Aoust les Marchands se 
trouveroient leurs vaisseaux sur leurs bras inutillement tout le reste 
de 1'annee, tellement que quand je les feray contraindre com roe je 
le pourray faire, ils nous les feront bien plus chers, nous faisans quasi 
monter ces quatre mois a six pour se recompenser de la perte de ce 
temps la, ce qui semble estre neantmoins raisonnable les exemples 
nous y condamnans, neantmoins auparavant que de passer plus 
avant j'ay estime qu'il m 'estoit necessaire d'avoir un commandement, 
et afin d'estre bien instruict, et que le Roy puisse former sa resolu- 
tion avec certitude, j'ay recouvert avec un peu de soin un Traite qui 
a este* faict par un Ambassadeur extraordinaire de Venise que 1'on 
m'a dit estre advantageux, ayant lors interest qu'il fust gratifie, ce 
qu'il ma faict croire que le modelle en estoit bon, et ne voulant pas 
adjouster foy aux copies j'en eu mesme 1'original que je vous 
envoye afin que s'il est trouve bon, soit en total ou en partie, je 
m'asseure que je le feray passer, quoy qu'ils veulent dire que les 
temps ne se rapportent pas; faictes moy done s'il vous plaist prompt- 
ement S9avoir la volonte du Roy afin que je la suive, et qu'il 
soit aussy promptement servy, ce n'est pas que les vaisseaux ne 
soient prests, 1'on travaille de tous costes pour les provisions et 
munitions de guerre, mais la chose ne pent estre faicte au juste que 
1'on ne scache le nombre d'hommes que 1'on veut mettre dessus, et 
lors je vous envoyeray un estat exact de toute la despense, et afin 
que je sois promptement adverty par ce que le Liepvre se marie, je 
vous prie de donner la response a un gentilhomme qui est a moy, 
duquel j'ay necessairement affaire qui s'appelle Ferrand, et qui 
partira des le lendemain que celle cy vous sera rendue, s'il vous 
plaist luy faire 1'honneur de le depescher ; excusez ma liberte* puis 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 157 

que vous le trouvez bon me Fayant ainsy donne et que je suis oblige 
de demeurer et estre tousjours jusques au tornbeau. 

Monsieur Vostre tres humble tres obeissant et oblige serviteur, 

D'EFFIAT. 



Depuis ma lettre escrite les marchands des Navires me sont 
venuz trouver, et m'ont faict connoistre resolument qu'ils ne pou- 
voient marcher a moins de trois inois d'avance, et pour le louage de six 
mois je croy que pour tirer les advantages du diet Traite de Venise 
qui sont grands a la saison ou nous sommes, et qui nous donneront 
liberte de mettre des soldats fran9ois, il y a necessite de passer par la; 
ce qui me fasche grandement est qu'ils m'ont dit que si je ne traictois 
dans deux jours, qui'ils prendroient party, d'autant qu'ils craignent de 
perdre 1'occasion si je venois a ne les asseurer qui a ft.ut que je suis 
irresolu de ce que je dois faire : je ne laisseray neantmoins dereculer le 
plus que je pourray jusques a ce que j'aye de vos nouvelles et/ prompte- 
ment afin que scachant vostre resolution j'acheve d'acheminer cette 
affaire a sa dernier fin : pour ce qui est des deux autres mois je me 
donneray bien tousjours quinze jours de temps pour les faire tenir a 
Burlamats, sinon je me serviray de mon credit, puisque nous sommes 
embarquez, ayant desja donne 1'argent pour faire advancer le tout et 
gaigner par ce moyen le temps qui nous est tellement si cherque leper- 
dant nous perdons beaucoup qui ne se pourra de long temps recouvrer. 

Monsieur, je vous diray que nonobstant la grande maladie du 
Roy de la Grande Bretagne je n'ay laisse' de le voir, il a eu jusques 
a sept acces de fievre dont le sixiesme et septiesme sont aucunement 
diminuez, de sorte que 1'on croit qu'elle cessera tout a faict, 
Monsieur de Bouquinquam persiste en la resolution qui je sois de 
la partie ce a quoy je vous prie de contribuer. Quantal'Ambassade 
ordinaire je vous remercie, et si je me puis tirer sans visage de mal 
content je n'y voudrois demeurer pour rien du monde si ce n'estoit 
pour vostre service; je croy que vous m'entendez bien demeurant 

* Sic. 



158 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

pour ce faict dans les termes que vouc scavez qui est a dire voir 
Madame en Angleterre. 

16 Articles of Agreement made, concluded, and agreed uppon the 
25th day of March, 1625. Betweene the Embassador to the 
French King on thone part, and the owners of the shipp called the 
G\iff\ of London on tfwther part, concerninge the fraightinge 
of the said shipp. 

[State Papers, France.] 

1. First that the said Owners on or before the thirteenth day of 
the moneth of ApriJl next cominge after the date hereof stilo 
Anglie shall provide and deliver the said shipp well furnished and 
armed with eighteene peeces of ordinance and all provisions and 
things necessary in very good and due manner that nothinge be 
wantinge to render unto his most Christian Majestic the service 
which he taketh her, and that the C.iptaine of the said shipp shall 
duringe the tyme that she shall be in service of his said most 
Christian Majestic have forty and seaven mariners and two boyes 
sufficient and able for the guidinge and governinge of such a shipp, 
of which nomber there shall be tenn gonners with Captaine and 
Mariners shall bee ready in the said service and employment, and 
shall be at the direccion and appointment of such comaunder 
(beinge a French Gentleman) as shall be therefore ordeyned by his 
said most Christian Majestic or his said Embassador. And that the 
said shippe shall serve his said most Christian Majestic, and shall 
carry warlike municion and als other thinges which shall be fittinge 
for the service of the said shipp against whomescever except the 
King of Great Brittaine: and that it shall be lawfull for the 
comaunder or generall if they or either of them shall soe think 
fittinge to putt more ordinance into the said shipp or to change the 
same during the tyme of the said shipps service for brasse ordinance 
soc as the same exceed not the weight of those ordinance of Iron 
which shalbe displaced. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 159 

! And it is agreed that all such powder shott and match or any 
other thing as shall be given or delivered to the said shipp by order 
of his said most Christian Majestic and not spent in the said service 
shall bee by the said Captaine of the said shipp redelivered to the 
publique Comaunder. And if the said owners shall spend any of 
the said shipp's provision in the said service that then his said 
Majestic shall pay for soe much as shall be soe spent, savinge and 
excepte the ordinary expence which shall concerne the said shippe. 
And it is likewise agreed that if any of the mariners of the said 
shipp shall be slayne in the said service then, if the said Captaine shall 
not within thirty dayes next after the death of such person provide 
another in his roome, that then his said most Christian Majestic or 
his officers may after the said first thirtie dayes expired deduct 
three pounds sterling per moneth for every one soe slayne or that 
shall be wantinge of the nombre of fiftie persons as well at the first 
shew or muster which shall be taken of them as alsoe of all other 
musters when they doe not supplie such wants with other sufficient 
men as aforesid, and this is to be understood when there shall want 
but one or two but if there be more wantinge the said owners 
shall be found to fill up the nomber presently or els the Comaunder 
may put men into their places soe as the shipp may be allwayes 
able to serve haveing the nomber of mariners. 

In consideracion whereof it is agreed that that the said Embassa- 
dor or his assignes shall pay or cause to be paid unto the said 
Owners or their assignes for and in respect of the fraight of the 
said shipp for every severall moneth the somme of x 8 per moneth a 
and that the said owner shall have three moneths pay before hand 
at the rate aforesaid: that is to say at then-sealeinge of theis 
presentes one monethes pay at thend of fifteene dayes nextensuinge 
the date of theis presentes thother two moneths pay provided 
that if the said other two monethes pay shall not be paid 
and performed on or before thend of the said fifteene dayes 

a Sic. ? x 8 per ton. 



160 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

next after the date hereof and that this presente agreement doe not 
take effect then the costes, damages, interestes which the said 
owners may demaund against his most Christian Majestic or his 
said Embassador shall be taken uppon the firste monethes pay 
which is now advanced and paid beforehand unto them, with which 
advancement the said Owners doe content themselves for all 
damages in case the said Embassador shall leave them and pro- 
ceed no further in this agreement. And that the said three monethes 
being expired the said owners are to have a monethes pay before 
hand and soe from thenceforth to be paid from moneth to moneth 
before hand during the said service and entertaynement, which said 
monethly pay is to begin and to be accompted from the eight and 
twentieth day of this presente moneth of March, Old Stile of Eng- 
land : all which said monethly payments shall be from tyme to tyme 
made at or within the now dwellinge house of Francis Mosse 
Notary sett and being in Cornehill in London. 

And the said owners doe agree for the fraight aforesaid to main- 
teyne the said shipp at their owne charges with victualls apparell 
and all other furniture fitting, and to pay and discharge the cap- 
taine mariners and companies wages of the said shipp, and thereof 
to acquite and discharge his said most Christian Majestic, and that 
they will receave and take into the said shipp as many soldiers and 
whatsoever other minister officer or publique comaunder with all 
their goodes as shall be put aboard the said shipp for the said soldiers' 
uses, soe as she may reasonablie carry and stow the same in her over 
and above her own vitle, tackle, and apparrell, and that the publique 
comaunder which shalbe put aboard the said shipp (being no other 
then a French Gentleman) to be named by his -most Christian 
Majestic or his said Embassador shall at his libertie and pleasure 
have and use the greate cabbin of the said shipp. 

And moreover the said Embassador doth agree that the said 
owners and captaine may put aboard the said shipp any goods pro- 
vision and other things that shall be any wise needfull for the use 
and service of the said shipp without payinge of any custome for the 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FKENCH. 161 

same within the dominions of his most Christian Majestie and with- 
out payinge any port charges duringe the said employment and that 
the said Embassador shall thereof discharge the said owners and 
shipp aforesaid and that all booties and prises that shall be taken by 
the said Company and shipp thone halfe thereof shall be to and for 
the use of the said owners captaine and maryners and thother halfe 
to the disposicion of his said most 'Christian Majestie: 

And it is further agreed that the said shipp and company shall 
rernaine in the service aforesaid by the space of six monethes firme 
accompting the monethes as they shall fall out from the tyme 
aforesaid and at the rate and price before agreed uppon ; and after 
the said six monethes expired for soe long tyme more as his said 
most Christian Majestie shall please not exceeding in the whole 
eighteene monethes at the rate aforesaid ; and that the said Comaunder 
or Generall shall give notice to the Captaine of the said shipp by 
the space of one whole moneth before shee shall be dismissed of her 
service: and if the said shipp shall be dismissed of her service 
within the said first six monethes, that yet his said most Christian 
Majestie or his assignes shall pay the saide owners or their assignes 
fraight for full six monethes. 

And the said Embassador doth further agree that the publique 
Comaunder shall be a French gentleman which shall have 
the ' absolute comaund of the said shipp: provided allwayes that 
the Captaine shall have the governernent of the mariners, dis- 
posinge of the victuall and other furniture of her, and the said 
Comaunder shall not alter or ordeyne any thing therein, but shall 
comaund the said captayne that which he shall find good for the 
direccion of the fightes and voyages which the said captaine shall 
be bound to cause to be executed by his Mariners : and that the said 
Comaunder shall provide victualls for all such soldiers as shall be 
put aboard the said shipp and take order for their quiett lyveinge 
that they disturbe not the said shipp's company in their perticuler 
affayres and that the said soldiers or any others which shall be put 
into the said shipp by the Comaunder or others shall not without 

CAMD. SOC. Y 



162 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

the consent of the said captaine spend any of the victualls put in by 
the said owners, nor shall take or carry awaye the said shipp from 
her captaine and mariners thereof but shall at thend of her employ- 
ment deliver upp the said shipp with all municion, furniture and 
other thinges now belonginge unto her, savinge and except that 
which shall be found to have bin consumed in the ordinary expence 
and the casualties of the seas. 

And lastly the said owners doe agree that the said shipp shall 
proceed according to the Embassadors direccions, and shall not 
touch at any other place to lade any merchandizes aboard her. In 
witnes, &c. prout 

This is a copie of the originall agreement and was examined by 
us 

KOBT. NORTON / servauntes to 
JOHN ROLFE j FRA:MOSSE 

No pub ci 

[Indorsed] A Coppy of the Contract for the Merchantes Shipes. 
1625. 

17. Contract for the Loan of the Vanguard.* 

[State Papers, France.J 

Articles of Agreement indented, made, concluded and agreed upon 
March 28. *^ e y8 day of March 1625 stilo Anglie And in the first yere 

of the raigne of our soveraigne Lord Charles by the Grace of 
God King of England Scotland France and Ireland, Defender 
of the Faith &c. Betweene the right hono ble the Lord Anthony 
Kuze Marquis d'Effiat Councellor of the most Christian King 
in his Councell of Estate, Great Master of the Mines of France 
&c. of the other parte. And 

First whereas the Kinges Majesty of Great Brittaine in regard 
of the good correspondance and for the brotherly respect hee 

Incorrectly indorsed : * Contract made with the French King's Ambassador for 
the English shippes lent that Kinge. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. , 163 

beareth to the most Christian King is contented to lend and ymploy 
in the service of the said Kinge his said good ship called the 
Vantguard beeing in burden about 860 touns and tonnage ; by 
commaundement of his said Majesty of Great Brittaine, the Com- 
missioners of his Navie undertake and promise before the last day 
of this moneth of Aprill next comeinge stilo Awglice to deliver the 
said ship furnished and armed with 40 peeces of brasse ordinance and 
all provisions and things necessarie in good and due manner fit for 
the service of the said most Christian Kinge : and that the Captein 
of the said ship shall during the tyme of that service have 250 
able men for the guiding and governing of the said ship. Of which 
nomber there shalbee 30 hable gonners, which Captaine and com- 
panie shalbee readie in the said service and imploymente and shal- 
bee at the direccion and imploymente of such Coinmaunder being 
a principall nobleman of Fraunce as shalbee Admirall of the Fleete, 
thereto ordeined by his said most Christian Majesty or his said 
Ambassador. And that the said ship shall serve his said most 
Christian Majesty and shall carry warlike municon and all other 
things fittinge the service of the said ship against whomsoever, 
except the Kinge of Great Brittaine. 

Further it is agreed that all such powder shott and matche or 
anie other thinge which shalbee given or delivered to the said ship 
by order of his said most Christian Majestic and not spent in the 
said service shalbe by the Captaine of the said ship delivered to the 
Admirall of the Fleete, and that if the said Captaine shall spend 
anie of the said ship's provision in the said service, that then his 
said most Christian Majestic shall paie for so much as shalbee soe 
spente saving and except the ordinary expence, which shall con- 
cerne the said ship. 

It is likewise agreed that if any of the mariners of the said ship 
shalbee slaine in the said service then, if the Captein shall not within 
thirtie dayes nexte after the death of such person provide another 
in his roome, that then his said most Christian Majestic or his officers 
maie after the said first thirtie daies expired deduct three pounds 



164 . THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

sterling por moneth for every one soe slaine or that shalbee want- 
inge of the nomber of 250 persons as well at the first shewe and 
muster which shalbee taken of them as alsoe of all other musters 
when they doe not supply all such wants with other sufficiente men 
as aforesaid. And this is to bee understood when they shall wante 
but one or twoe, but if there bee more wantinge the said Captaine 
shalbee bound to fill up the number presently out of the other 
English ships which are againe otherwise to bee supplyed ; or else 
the Admirall shall put men into their places soe as the said shippe 
may bee alwayes able to serve having her number of mariners and. 
gonners convenientes. 

And on the said ambassador's behalf, it is agreed that the said 
Ambassador or his assignes shall paie or cause to bee paid to the 
Treasurer of the Kinges Majestes Navie of England or to his 
assignes for and in respect of the victualls and wages of the said 
Captaine, Master, Officers, and Companie of the said shippe for everie 
severall moneth accompting calendarie monethes the somme of eight 
hundred poundes sterlinge and cf lawfull money of England per 
mensem. And that the said Commissioners shall have foure moneths 
paie at the ensealling of these presents And at the end of the said 
foure months the said Commissioners are to have a moneths paie 
before hand to bee paid to the said Treasurer, and soe from thence- 
forth to bee paid from moneth to moneth before hand duringe the 
said service and entertainemente ; which said monethlie paie is to 
beginne and to bee accompted from the daye of the date of theis 
presentes being the 28 th daye of this instant moneth of March old 
stile of England, all which monethlie paiementes shalbee from 
tyme-to tyme made at or within the now dwelling house of Sir 
William Eussell Knight, Treasurer of his Majestes Navie scituate 
in Tower Streete London. 

And the said Commissioners doe agree for the said monethly 
paymentes to maintaine the said shippe at his Majestes charge of 
England with victuals and wages and to discharge the Captaine, 
Mariners and Companies wages of the said shipp and thereof 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 165 

to acquite and discharge the said most Christian Majestic: and 
that they will receive and take into the said shipp as rnanie 
souldiers and such a publique Commaunder being Admirall of the 
Fleete with all such goods as shalbee put aboard the said ship for 
the said Admirall and souldiers uses soe as shee may reasonably 
carrie and stow the same in her over and above her owne victualls 
tacle and apparell ; and that the said Admirall which shalbee put 
aboard the said ship (being noe other then a principall nobleman of 
Fraunce as aforesaid to bee named by his most Christian Majestic 
or his said Ambassador, shall at his libertie and pleasure have and 
use the great cabin of the said shippe and during his service rriay 
advance in the said ship the Banner of Fraunce: and the Ambas- 
sador doth agree that the said Captaine or Officers of the said 
shippe maie put aboard the said shippe aine goods provisions or 
other thinges that shalbee anie way needful for the use and service 
of the said shipp without paieng anie Custome for the same within 
the Dominions of his most Christian Majestic and without paieing 
anie porte charges during the said ymploymente ; and that the said 
Ambassador shall thereof discharge the said Captaine and shippe 
aforesaid ; and that all booties and prizes that shalbee taken by the 
said Companie and ship, the one half thereof shalbee to and for 
the use of the said Commissioners, Capten, and Companie of the 
said shippe, and the other half to the disposicion of his said most 
Christian Majestic. And further it is agreed that the said ship and 
. Companie shall remaine in the service aforesaid by the space of 6 
moneths firme acoompting calendary moneths from the time afore- 
said and at the rate and prize before agreed upon; and that at 
thend of the 6 moneths shee shall have leave to retire herself and 
retorne towards England free and in a place where shee maie set 
saile without hindrance and that from the place where shee shalbee 
set at libertie and discharg'd by computacion of distance shee maie 
with good winde and weather retorne in one moneth to the coast 
of this Realme of England : and if in case the ship cannot be dis- 
discharged at the end of six monethes and that the service of his 



166 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

most Christian Majesty should require to keepe her longer, it is 
agreed that at the place where shee shall serve shee shall be fur- 
nished by his Christian Majestic with victualls and all other 
necessary reparacions and furniture as is fitting such a ship for such 
an imployment and for her safe returne to the Coast of England ; as 
allso that the said most Christian King shall allow for the wages of 
the Captaine and Company after the rate of 425 per mensem to be 
paid as aforesaid. 

And the said Ambassador doth further agree that the publique 
Commaunder or Admirall shalbe a principle nobleman of Fraunce 
who shall have principall commaund of the ship : provided alwayes 
that the Englishe Captaine shall have the government of the 
Mariners and Company and the disposeing of the victuals and 
other furniture of her; and the said publique Commaunder or 
Admirall shall not alter or ordeine anythinge therein; but shall 
commaund the said Captaine that which he shall find good for the 
direction of the fights and voyages which the said Captaine shalbe 
bound to cause to be executed by his Marriners and Company; and 
that the said Admirall shall provide victualls for all such souldiers 
as shalbe put aboard the said ship and take order for their quiet 
liveing that they disturbe not the said ships Company in their 
particular affaires And that the said souldiers or any others which 
shalbe put into the said ship by the Admirall shall not without the 
consent of the said Captaine spend any of the victualls put in by 
the said Commissioners ; nor shall take or carry away the said ship 
from her Captaine and Marriners thereof, but shal at the end of 
her employment deliver up the said ship with all municion, furniture 
and other things now belonging to her saveing and excepte that 
which shalbee found to have been consumed in the extraordinary 
expencc. In witness &c. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FKENCH. 167 

18. The Marquis of Effiat to M. de la Ville aux Clercs. 
[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 43 b .] 

Monsieur, 

Ce mot est pour vous dire que j'ay traicte* pour les vaisseaux, et 1625, April ,^. 
ay obtenu toutes les conditions que le Roy demande, car tous les 
soldats et capitaines seront Francois et non autres, n'y ay ant que 
les mathelots et canonniers d'Anglois qui' seront tenuz de faire tout 
ce qui leur sera commande par le Gentilhomme Fran9ois qui sera 
nomme par sa Majeste ou par son Ambassadeur : c'est pourquoy il faut 
envoyer les noms de ceux que le Roy y veut commettre, car ils 
auront le commandement absolu tant sur le Maistre du Navire que 
sur tout ce qui sera dedans le dit vaisseau, qui est tout ce que le 
Roy a desire, y ayant mesme adjouste que sa Majeste a pouvoir de 
les retenir au mesme prix et aux mesmes conditions pour dix huict 
mois, et si sa dicte Majeste les peut licentier au bout des six mois 
sans pouvoir pretendre aucun autre desdornmagement que ce qu'ils 
ont receu leur ayant retranche' avec beaucoup de peine un septiesme 
mois pour leur retour et qui neantmoins leur est accorde* par le con- 
tract des Venitiens comme vous aurez peu voir, en somme quej'ose 
dire que vous trouverez que le Roy n'aura pas este mal servy quant 
vous verrez les contracts que Monsieur des Koches vous portera, car 
ils ne sont pas encore tous au net, j'ay creu qu'il estoit a propos de 
1'en faire porteur estant homme de qualite qui ne seroit pas bien 
aise de s'en aller les main vuides, par la vous vourrez jusques a un 
sol la despense, cependant il faut m'envoyer promptement des 
lettres de change pour les deux autres mois ou nous perdrons non 
seulement le temps mais aussy ce qui est advance estant ainsy 
stipule par necessite pour le desdommagement des marchands qui 
ne veulent pas perdre temps et se sont mis en advance, pour 
servir autant qu'on a este demande* et pour faciliter le 
moyen de le faire tenir a Finstant comme il faut. Je vous en- 
voye une lettre de celuy qui a fourny les cinquante mil livres qui 
n'y a pas manque & poinct nomme et Fa bailie aux marchand aussy 



168 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

tost qu'il a este demande. II escrit un mot a Monsieur de Rembouillet 
qu'il fournira le reste ausdits marchands pourveu que le dit Sieur 
de Rembouillet luy en escrive et afin que le Roy aye plus de com- 
modite a se faire servir ; je vous envoye aussy une lettre du Sieur 
Burlamaccky escrite a Monsieur Vanelly par la quelle il mande 
qu'il fournira le reste aus dits marchands de sorte qu'il ne faudroit 
tirer qu'un mot du diet Vanelly adressant a Burlamacky, et le Roy 
seroit seruy sur le champ. Je croy que le dernier seroit le meilleur 
par ce que Burlamacky est celuy qui traiete et que faict toutes les 
affaires des marchands de cette cour, et aussy qu'il faut que ce soyt 
luy qui responde des trois derniers rnois, ce qu'il feroit avec difficulte 
si 1'on na se servoit de luy, je croy qu'il ne faut pas du tout cent 
mils francs comme il mande et que ce sera assez de quatre vingts 
quinze ou seize mil livres encore ne trouvay je pas qu'il faut tant 
pour la somme des diets contracts, mais il y a quelques petits frais 
a payer et quelques petits presens a faire aux Officers de la Marine 
comme j'ay desja mande qui certes y ont travaille avec tout soin et 
diligence, et le dit Sieur Burlamacky y a aussy bien pris de la peine; 
je rapporte le tout avec verite sans affecter rien que le service du 
Roy qui ne permet pas que Ton use de delay en cctte affaire. C'est 
pourquoy je vous conjure au nom de Dieu de me faire une prompte 
response aussy si le Roy trouve bon que je fasse le voyage que je 
lay ay mande il fault que je fasse partir cette flotte et 1'envoye a la 
mer au paravant. Quant a mon affaire vous me defendez de vous 
remercier, aussy ne Pentreprendray je pas, me trouvant trop surmonte 
par 1'obligation que je vous ay de la quelle je ne me detacheray 
jamais, et espere avoir 1'honneur de vous faire connoistre quelque 
jour que je suis Monsieur, 

Vostre tres humble tres obeissant et 

oblige Serviteur 

D'EFFIAT. 

A Londres ce 17 Avril 1625. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 169 

Monsieur, Monsieur Goring a diet au Roy qu'il croyoit que 1'ordre 
fust a cette heure a Calais. Je ne crains point de dire le contentement 
qu'il en sera asseure il le tesmoignera par homme expres, et quand il 
sera la il me faudra envoyer un mot de lettre par laquelle le Roy me 
permette d'aller a Calais. S'il ne trouve bon que je passe outre. Le 
gentilhomme qui vous rendra la presente est Escossois et que le Roj 
affectionne, ce que j'ay bien voulu vous tesmoigner ce que je vous 
supplie luy faire connoistre que je vous en ay escrit vous recom- 
mandant son affaire en general en ignorant le particulier. 

Monsieur Herbert que vous connoissez s'est offert de servir en 
cette flotte, et quoy que je ne trouve pas a propos, neantmoins je me 
suis engage de le tesmoigner n'estimant en cela que son affection, je 
vous supplie done de m'en vouloir faire un mot de response pour 
luy faire voir que je ne 1'ay pas oublie. 

1 9. M. de la Ville aux Clercs to the Marquis of Effiat. 
[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 5b.] 

Monsieur, 

Hier sur les huict lieures du soir Biliault me rendit vostre lettre 1625, April f. 
du vingt-uniesme de ce mois, la quelle eust deub avoir une response 
du Roy, mesmement sur 1'occasion de 1'envoy de Monsieur le Che- 
valier de Rasily ; mais il ne s'est peu, son absence de cette ville 1'em- 
peschant, et le bien de son service desirant que toutes choses post- ' 
posees, les vaisseaux que vous avez pretez viennent sur nos costes; 
le mesme Biliaut m'asseure avoir laisse Monsieur de la Riviere a 
Boulogne et prest a s'embarquer, ainsy crois-je qu'estant arrive" 
aupres de vous avec la lettre de Vanelly a Bourlamacky, il n'y 
aura plus rien qui retarde les vaisseaux de venir, ce que ay ant este 
juge par Messieurs du Conseil, le partement du dit Chevalier a este 
resolu. II ne fera pas sernblant de les visiter, et toutesfbis comme 
homme bien entendu, il considerera en Festat ou ils sent, et vous en 
donnera advis sous main, afin que y ayant des defaults vous les fassiez 

CAMD. SOC. Z 



170 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

reparer et tout d'un temps mettre a la mer, avec ordre d& luy obeir 
qui a charge de les mener a la rade de Dieppe ou les Capitaines et 
soldats qui ont a y estre dessus se trouveront pour y estre embarquez, 
ce qui desormais ne se fera que trop tard, n'y ay ant plus d'apparence 
de paix avec les Rochelois qui osent demander la demolition du fort, 
et que pour leur seurete Monsieur de Soubise demeure avec 1'equi- 
page de mer qu'il a aupres de luy, consentant a la verite qu'il passe 
sur le mer de Levant, et demandant pour son frere une armee entiere 
a sa devotion pour aller en Italic, mais de laquelle on n'auroit autre 
asseurance que celle de leurs parolles, sur la quelle je pense que vous 
ne conseillerez rien ; le dit Soubise ayant escrit aux Ambassadeurs 
je me double qu'ils ne manqueiont d'en donner part a leur Maistre 
ainsy qu'ils le doivent, et que de dela Ton vous parler a d'accom- 
moder cette affaire de quoy aurez a vous gardez d'entrer en traicte', 
et vous consenterez de leur remonstrer de quelle importance est cet 
exemple, et qu'ils ne doivent f'avoriser une rebellion au contraire y 
courre(VJ sus, et ce par les raisons de leur propre interest: et pour con- 
clusion que vous advertirez Sa Majeste de ce qu'ils vous disent, leur 
levant toute esperance que cela puisse estre bien receu de dela ou 
1'on attend les procurations que vous dites devoir estre envoyees au 
nom de Monsieur ou de Monsieur de Chevreuse, estant tout un que 
1'on prie d'espouser Madame, pourveu que cela se fasse promptement, 
mais je croy quoi que vous ayez apris que cela se trouvera change 
et que de deca 1'on n'en veut qu'une qui sera adressee au diet Due 
de Chevreuse, celuy de Bouquinquam continue a favor iser la France, 
et le Roy en a sentiment, auquel presentant le diet de Kasilly, vous 
aurez a dire que Sa Majeste ayant est.e informee du Soin qu'il a 
pris a cet armement s'en tient son oblige et qu'il ne manquera de 
luy en escrire. Lorsque les dits vaisseaux estans sur les costes il en 
remerciera la Roy son Maistre et vous; cependant vous prevallant de 
1'amine qu'il vous porte faictes en sorte que les dits vaisseaux soient 
bien artillez. ***** 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 171 

20. The Marquis of JEffiat to M. de la Ville aux Clercs. 

[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 57.] 
Monsieur, 1625, April 

Je vous renvoye Biliaut sur le champ pour vous dire qu'avec bien 
de la peine j'ay faict passer le navire du Roy qui est de pres de neuf 
cens tonneaux par le mesme chemin que les autres, comme je vous 
ay mande' et que la flotte des huict vaisseaux est aussy belle que 1'on 
la scauroit desirer, et m'asseure que la Roy s'en trouvera tres bien 
servy, elle est toute preste et partira au premier commandement et 
devant que de m'en aller je la verray sortir du Havre pour aller ou 
il plaira a Sa Majeste 1'ordonner, et pour aller querir les capitaines 
et soldats Francois qui doivent monter dessus n'y ayant que les 
maistres des navires, qui doivent rendre toute obeissance aux 
Capitaines et gentishommes Fra^ois, ensemble les matelots et 
canonniers qui font en tout quelques huit cens hommes qui mener- 
ont un equipage tres leste, ayant mesme obtenu une courtoisie du 
Due de Bouquinquam sur ce que je luy ay raporte apres avoir este 
visiter les navires et ayant este adverty par quelques capitaines de 
mes amis que j'avois mene avec moy pour faire la visite plus exacte, 
qu'ils trouvoient dans quelques vaisseaux des marchands les canons 
trop petits, il m'a promis d'en faire prendre dans les magasins du 
Roy de tel calibre que 1'on jugera estre necessaire pour les faire 
mettre en leur place. De sorte qu'il n'y aura rien qui empesche , 
que le Roy soit servy a poinct nomme envoyant de 1'argent pour 
achever de payer les deux derniers mois comme je vous ay 
rnande par mes precedentes ou nous perdrions toutes nos advances, 
estant une clause que je n'ay sceu vaincre et a la quelie le Roy me 
commande de ceder, c'est pourquoy je vous supplie de me mander 
une prompte resolution la dessus, car cela m'arresteroit tout court. 
S'il vous plaist d'en donner le voyage a Monsieur de Pradines il 
fera bonne diligence, et en aurois bien affaire pourveu toutesfois que 
ce fust sans importunite* car autrement je ne vous en oserois prier. 

D'EFFIAT. 



172 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

21. TJie Marquis of Efat to Louis XIII. 

[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 79b.] 
1625, Sire, 

Incontinent que j'ay receu la lettre de change, je n'ay manque de 
fairc mettre les vaisseaux en estat de partir au premier commande- 
ment que je recevrois de vostre Majeste pour les faire aller ou elle 
ordonneroit, et Monsieur de Razilly venant derriere j'ay envoye 
querir les capitaines de navires afin de faire demain une reveue et 
voir s'il y avoit quelque chose a redire pour 1'accommoder et de les 
mettre a la voile. Monsieur des Roches porte tous les contracts de 
vostre Majeste et un extraict par lequel elle verra netteinent 1'estat 
de cette despense. Monsieur le Chevallier de Razilly les a veuz 
qui en estime les conditions et admire le bon marche. j'espere que 
vostre Majeste en aura contentement nous avons eu quelques disputes 
pour celuy du Roy et y a eu peine de le faire passer par les clauses 
de ceux des marchands, neantmoins je 1'ay emporte' et mesme oste la 
demande d'un mois de retour qu'ils pretendoient, suivantla coustume 
des mariniers a ce qu'ils disent, a quoy j'ay dautant plus resiste que 
cela eust tire a consequence et eust couste un mois de monstre a 
toute la flotte. II a fallu employer cinq ou six jours a ce debat, 
I'affaire s'estant vuidee au Conseil, ou j'ose asseurer que vostre 
Majeste a des serviteurs, entr'autres Le Garde des Seaux, Le Grand 
Tresorier, Le Chancellier de 1'Eschiquier, Monsieur le Grand Cham- 
bellan, et Monsieur son frere. Le petit Edmond a qui est tout fran9ois 
supplie vostre Majeste de dire un mot a Messieurs les Ambassadeurs 
a ce qu'il puisse estre faict Baron, c'est une chose qui ne couste rien 
et que 1'on estime beaucoup en ce pais, car ils sont pairs du Royaume. 
Je suis aussy oblige* de tesmoigner que le pere de Monsieur de 
Montaigu President au Conseil se porte a tout ce qu'il croit estre 
utile au service de vostre Majeste, ainsy tous Messieurs du Conseil 
firent passer I'affaire com me je la demandois, le succes fust accom- 
pagne d'une civilite tres grande, car voyans que les Commissaires de 
1'Admiraute' avoient employe pres de dix mil francs par mois pour 

Sir Thomas Edmondes. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 173 

le seul louage du navire, ce qu'ils trouverent tres mauvais et en 
firent rapport a Monsieur de Bouquinquam qui ne manqua de le 
representer au Roy, comme il le ialloit, ce qui le toucha de telle 
sorte que tout en fougue il ]es envoya querir, et les menaga de les 
chasser, et qu'il n'estoit point marchand, et commanda que 1'on 
deschargeast le louage de dix mil francs par mois, a quoy il se mon- 
toit; de sorte que vostre Majeste ne payera que les deux cens cinquante 
hommes mariniers et canonniers qui sont dessus et les poudres de 
dix huict mil francs que se montoit: la despense de ce navire par 
mois elle ne revient qu'a huict, qui sont vingt mil escus d'espargne 
pour les six mois et soixante sur dix huict si vostre Majeste les 
retient tant comme elle a la liberte, et le mois de retour que nous 
avons espargne qui se fust monte apres de cinquante mil francs, et 
cette despense estant ainsy racourcie, j'espere qu'au lieu que je 
craignois n'avoir pas assez pour payer les trois mois d'avance et tous 
les frais qu'il fault faire devant Vembarquement, nous aurons de 
quoy payer quatre ou peu s'en faudra, et au lieu de cinquante mil 
escus et plus qu'il eust fallu pour achever ces six mois il n'en fault 
qu'environ vingt deux mil pour toute la despense de cette flotte, 
comme vostre Majeste verra par 1'estat et quitances que je luy 
envoieray au premier jour, ne les pouvant retirer que les vaisseaux 
ne soient prests. Je croy que vostre Majeste doit faire quelque 
remerciement de cette generosite au Roy de la Grande Bretagne par 
ses Ambassadeurs et luy en escrire et a Monsieur de Bouquinquam, 
car la courtoisie est toute entiere: mesme a cette heure que je loue 
des vaisseaux de tous costez et en ay mesme loue vingt, il y a 
355 st. C'est pourquoyj'ay combatu cette courtoisie ne la voullant 
accepter, disant que ce n'estoit point de louange du vaisseaux du 
Roy qu'ils tiroient, mais celuy de ceux qu'ils louoient en sa place. 
Neantmoins apres tout il a fallu passer par leur civilite, k la quelle 
le Roy de sa bouche a adjouste qu'il estoit au service de vostre 
Majeste", et tout ce qui dependoit de luy, ce qui rapporte tres bien a 
ce commencement et premier advis que j'avois donne a vostre Majeste. 
Monsieur Des Roches est parfaictement instruict de toute cette flotte 



174 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

et entretiendra voste Majeste, il a contribue de son coste tout ce qui 
se peut pour son service et confesse avec verite qu'il y a grandement 
servy, et encore que le sujet de son voyage fust cesse a son arrivee, 
il n'a laisse de le rendre utile, ce que je suis oblige de tesmoigner, 
car nous avons travaille ensemble avec tout le soin qui nous a este 
possible, estant de vostre Majeste" 

Tres humble tres obsissant et tres fidel sujet et serviteur 

D'EFFIAT. 

Si je n'estois extraordinairement asseure de la bonte de vostre 
Majeste je n'oserois luy represcnter qu'il y a tantosfc un an que je 
suis en ce pais sans avoir receu un sol tant a cause de la charge que 
j'exerce en ce lieu que pour celle de domestique que j'ay 1'honneur 
d'estre pres de vostre Majeste n'ayant rien eu de mes appointemens 
en toute 1'annee passee et n'oserois en parler n'estoit la necessite de 
mes miserables affaires, et les grandes despenses qu'il m'a fallu faire 
mesme si la mort du Roy, ou j'ay faict revestir de dueil tous ceux 
de ma maison, et 1'arrivee de Madame qui me donnera sujet de les 
redoubler, estant question d'autres nouvelles livrees, ce que je luy 
represente avec le moins d'importunite qu'il me sera possible, neant- 
moins suppliant vostre Majeste de n'y avoir esgard que selon que 
sa bonte et liberalite accoustume luy pourra persuader a que je 
demande de tout mon coeur tres humblement pardon de la liberte que 
j'ay prise par 1'importunite que je vous faicts en vous demandant 
toutes choses qui sont veritablement pour mon utilite particuliere, 
mais aussy qui regarde vostre service. 
A Londres ce sixiesme jour de May 1625. 

22 A Warrant from my Lord Admirall for our departure with 

the fleet for the French Service. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. ii. 37.] 

Whereas his Majestic aswell for his brotherly respecte and cor- 
1625, May 8. , . , , 

respondency with the b rench King as for other reasons to him 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 175 

knowne hath beene pleased, at the motion of his Ambassador to sett 
out for his service the Vanguarde (a principall shipp of his owne 
Navy royall) and further to permitt an agreement to be made with 
you, the captaines masters and owners of the good shipps called 
the Neptune, the Industrie, the Perle, the Marygold, the Loyaltie, 
the Guifte, the Peter and John for the like employment in the said 
King's service, upon such articles as are interchangeably sealed 
betwixt the said Ambassador and the Commissioners for the Navy 
on his Majestes behalf and you (the said masters and owners) for 
yourselves ; and his Majestes pleasure hath been sufficiently 
signifyed for the putting in readines of all the said shipps which I 
doubt not is accordingly performed, the occasion of the said King's 
service requiring all convenient expedicion. Theis are therefore to 
will and require you and every of you forthwith to call the com- 
panies aboarde which have beene raised and fitted to every shipp 
according to former instructions on that behalf ; and then to take 
the first oportunitie of winde and weather to proceede in your voyage 
to such a porte in the dominions of Fraunce as the Ambassador 
shall direct, and there to attend the further directions of such prin- 
cipall person as shalbe appointed Admirall of the Fleete prepared 
for the service of the French King, Requiring further all Vice 
Admiralls and officers of the Admiraltie, Captaines of Castells and 
Fortes, Captaines, Masters and Owners of Shippes, Maiors, Sheriffes, 
and Justices of the Peace, Bayliffes, Constables and all other his 
Majestes Officers, Ministers, and loving subjectes and every of them 
to give you all meete assistance and furtherance and not to hinder 
or interrupt you or any of your shipps or company in the due per- 
formance of the service aforesaid as they will answere the contrary 
at their perills. From Whitehall 8 of Maye 1625.' 

G. BUCKINGHAM. 

To my very loving frends Captaine Pennington Captaine of his 
Majestes Shipp the Vantguarde and to the Captaines and Masters 
of the seven shipps .ippoynted for the service of the French King 
and to every of them and to all others whome it maye concerne. 



176 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

23. Sir John Coke to Captain Pennington. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. ii, 74.] 

1625, May 18. Sir, for your better understanding of the Instructions given by the 
Lord Admiral and specially of the articles of contract betwixt the 
French Ambassador and the Commissioners of the Navie, I am by 
direction to informe you first that no clauses therin may bee strained 
to ingage or imbroile you and the ships and companies under your 
command in the civil warres of the French, if anie happen: or 
against them of our religion in that kingdom or elswher: and 
secondly that the true intention of your imploiment is to serve the 
French King against the foren enimies and opposers of his honor 
and state and the interests of both kingdoms and of the common 
cawse of their confederacie with us at this time : and becawse the 
states of the United Provinces do herin joyne with us, you are for 
the better discharge of your dutie and satisfaction to the French 
cheifly to insist (if you shal bee pressed therunto) uppon this con- 
junction with them, from which you may not recede or devide in 
anie wise: and to testifie your union with their fleet, you are to 
communicate with their Admiral in your intentions and councels 
and correspond in al good offices of mutual assistance and regulate 
your proceedings on both parts by this common interest in the ser- 
vice, wherin their ingagement is the same with ours. In other 
things you must take care to keep peace and good quarter with the 
French and to advance that Kings service and honor according to 
the trust his Majeste reposeth in you to that ende : and so in all 
your worthie indevors wishing you good and happie success I rest 
Your assured frend to serve you 
JOHN COKE. 

Whitehall, May 18, 1625. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 177 



24 Captain Pennnigton to Lord Conway. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. ii. 83.] 

My right Honorable good Lord 1625, May 22. 

Let it please you to understand that even now I have received a 
letter from your Lordship directed to me or to my Lieutenant in 
my absence by which you had given power to him to have gone 
away with the fleete, if I had not bene here present and therby 
condemning me of neglect of his Majesties service. If your Lord- 
ship please to remember I had not my dispatches from his Majestic 
till Thursday last at three or foure of the clocke in the after noone 
and my last from Sir John Coke not till past six. And the next 
morning, at seaven of the clocke, I tooke my journey with all ex- 
pedition towards my shippe, and landing at Gravesend about two, 
where finding the great Neptune {one of my fleete) ryding, I made 
some stay to gee aboard of her to speake with the Captaine to know 
the cause why she was not fallne downe as well as the rest, which I 
understoode from him to be partly for want of men of which they 
were not fully supplyed in number as also the badnes of the weather 
by contrarie windes which kept them from going. And having 
spent a litle tyme in the ay ding of them to proceede, I posted away 
toward my shippe, arryving at Deale in the Downes the next day 
(being yesterday) by noone, where I found such fbule weather that 
I am not able yet to gett aboard, neither hath any boates gone 
aboard or comen a shore this foure dayes, the stress of weather hath 
beene such ; all which if your Lordship please duely to consider 
(which I doubt not of) you shall find that no neglect hath bene in 
me for the performance of his Majesties commandes, for I had rather 
perish then be guiltie therm : therefore I humbly beseech your 
Lordship to acquaint his Majestic how and with what diligence I 
have proceeded hitherto and with all that I find many of the pro- 
visions for my shippe wanting, without which I cannot goe forward 
as namely fourscore and one tunnes of beere all my coupers store 

CAMD. SOC. 2 A 



178 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

and part of my bowson, gunner and carpenters store, for all which 
I have taken order to be supplyed with the best care and expedition 
I can. Yet may it please your Lordship had all my provisions bene 
aboard and my whole [company] prepared and bene together and 
the wynd and weather never so faire. Nevertheles having received 
a command from his Majestic by Sir John Coke to detract the time 
as much as I could for the wafting over of the Queene (for which 
service I was appointed though with privacie) I could not depart 
without a discharge of that command. Therefore I humbly beseech 
your Lordship to take these thinges into your noble consideration 
and that these reasons satisfying your Lordship you wilbe pleased 
to deliver your opinion of them to his Majestic and beleeve there is 
none that shalbe more tender to do service to his Majesties honour 
then my selfe. And thus my good Lord having bene to tedious 
[torn] which my many particulers exacted I now [humbly] take 
my leave with request to be continued in your Lordships favour and 
good opinion and will remaine 

Your Lordships ever humbly 
to serve you 

J. PENINGTON. 

Deale the 22 of May 1625. 

25. Captain Pennington to Lord Conway* 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. ii. 98.] 

1626, May 27. Right honorable my very good Lord 

I writt to your Lordship the 22 th of this Instant in answere of 
your letter which I received but an hower before, whereby I adver- 
tised your Lordship of many things that I then wanted of which I 
am since furnished with the greatest part and have now all my fleete 
about me, being readie to take the first faire wind and weather if I 
have not order to the contrarie for which I humblie beseech your 

" Secretary of State. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 179 

Lordship that I may speedilie receive his Majesties pleasure whether 
I shall with the first faire wind proceede on my voyage or stay for 
the wafting over of the Queene according to order given me by 
word of mouth from Sir John Coke one of his Majestes Masters of 
Requestesand principall Commissioner of his Majestes Navie Royall. 
Hiere is also at this instant a new busines falne out, wherewith I 
hould my selfe bound to acquaint your Lordship. Here is one Mon r 
Razilli, Chevalier de Malta came aboard to me and is here with me 
at this present, who shewes me a Commission from the French 
Ambassador (the copie whereof I send your Lordship here inclosed) 
by which he pretends and layes clay me to have principal power and 
command over his Majesties shipp the Vanguard wherein I serve and 
all the rest of this fleete in as ample maner as if the Lord Admirall 
of France or any other noble man of qualitie (whom their King shall 
appoint) is to have, which is contrarie both to the Articles of the 
Contract and my Instructions. Therefore once more I humblie 
besech your Lordship that I may speedely know his Majestes 
pleasure in this particular as in the former And also that you wilbe 
pleased to give commandment to the Maior of Dover to furnish me 
with two sufficient pilots for the Coaste of France one for Deepe 
and the other for Havre de Grace we being destitute of such and 
dare not proceede without them wherewith I have acquainted the 
Maior allreadie by my letters, but he denyeth to furnish me, unles 
I will contract with them at their owne rates, which I have no 
power to doe. Thus having no other cause of stay but your Lord- 
ships resolution concerning these three particulars and faire wind 
and weather I humblie take my leave and will remaine ever 

Your Lordships very humble servant 
J. PENINGTON. 

From abord the Vanguard 
in the Downe the 27 th day of 
May, 1625. 



180 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

26. Lord Conway to Sir John Coke. 
[State Papers, France.] 

1625, Sir ' . 

May 21. [?] His Majesty hath beene much moved att the delays of Sir Ferdi- 

nando Gorge touchinge the shippe hee had undertooke, and because 
it will bee the utter ouerthrow of the voyage, if it bee not gonne 
away presently, his Majesty hath commaunded mee to will and 
require you by all meanes to hasten it away or els to shew the 
impossibility of it, I have writen to Captaine Pennington to repaire 
immediately to his charge, and least his absence should any way 
hinder the voyage, I have given order to his Lieftenant in such a 
case to pursue the emploiment. I commende the other busines to 
your care and myselfe to bee esteemed of you. 

27. Act of Council. 
[Privy Council Register.] 

1625, May 29. Upon remonstrans lately made to this Board by the Marqueis de 
Fiat, the Lord Ambassador here resident for the French Kinge 
against Sir Ferdinando Gorge for having fayled in his contract 
made with the said Lord Ambassador for the making readie of a 
shipp named and fitted for service and bringing her to the place of 
rendevouz by the tyme lymited in the said contract (the neglect 
wherof tended not a little, as was urged by the Lord Ambassador, 
to the prejudice of the King his master's service) theire Lo pps much 
mislyking the carriage of Sir Ferdinando Gorge therein, did then 
order Sir Ferdinando Gorge to be presently comitted to prison 
and to make repayment of all such entertaynement as he had 
received aforehand by virtue of the said contract. Neverthelesse 
this day it is offered from the said Lord Ambassador (much 
in favour of the said Sir Ferdinando Gorge) that in case the 
said Sir Ferdinando shall within three daies next after the uate 
hereof bring good certificate that his shipp is arry ved at the place 
of her rendevouz, manned and furnished as by the contract it was 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 181 

agreed she should bee, that then the said Lord Ambassador would 
forbeare to take advantage of his former neglects, and the benefitt 
of theire Lo pps order ; this Board hath theruppon thought fitt and 
accordingly ordered that Sir Ferdinando Gorge should be called 
before the table and required to perforate the same, or otherwise in 
case he shall sayle herein that then theire former order be reaffirmed, 
and the said Lord Ambassador to have the benefitt thereof against 
the said Sir Ferdinando Gorge.* 



27. Captain Pennington to the Earl of Pembroke. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iii. 71.] 

Eight Hon ble my singular good Lord 

Upon the 9 th of this moneth earely in the morning I 
from the Downes with a south south west winde for the Roade 
of Deepe with the rest of my fleete. The tyde of ebbe being spent 
I was forced to let fall an ancker thwart of Folstone to stopp the 
tyde of floud, having no wind to stemme it. Upon high water I 
weighed againe the wind coming favourable for us at north east 
and east north east so that we stood away our cours south and 
by east, but it continued not long, for about ten of the clocke in 
the night the wynd vired about to the north and from thence to 
the north west and blew marvelous hard, with fogg and raine that 
we durst not put over for the French shore but plyed it offe and on 
upon our owne coast between Faire Lee and the Nass, doing our 
best to get in under it to ancker there, which we all did at the last, 
after 48 howers boylting to and againe with very foule weather, only 
the great Neptune my Vice-Admirall whom we lost, not knowing 
what has become of him, but hope they have gotten some place of 
safetie. Upon Sunday morning the twelfth of this moneth, the 
weather began to be temperate, so we weighed againe with the 

a On the 31st Gorges was released from the consequences of this order, the am- 
bassador being satisfied that the ship had arrived at the rendezvous. P. C. R. 



182 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

wind at south and stood offe east south east ; about two of the 
clocke the wind came up at north-east and east-north-east, then 
we stood over south and by east and south-south-east with all 
the sayle we could. The next morning about ten of the clocke we 
came to an ancker in the Koade of Deepe in ten fathome water in 
safetie, where we found a very ill roade and foule grounde. And 
wheras the French Ambassador tould our Soveraignes sacred Majestie 
that the Admirall of France was here readie to imbarke himselfe 
with all his provisions, may it please your Lordship I find it other- 
wise for he is at Paris, to whom I have sent to let him know I am 
here with seaven sayle of shippes to attend his commandes, and with 
all humbly to pray him that I may speedelie know how he will 
dispose of us, for that this is no place for us to stay in, unles the 
weather were more temperate than we find it, without running a 
greate deale of hazard. Further your Lordship may please to 
understand that I cannot learne of any provisions that are here 
readie, especiallie munition of powder and shott and the like with- 
out which I am not able to goe upon any service, I having brought 
no more out of England then for the garde of the ship hither and 
backe, being to be supplyed here for the voyage. Neither do I 
heare of any thing readie only of 1700 souldiers and mariners which 
ly readie to be put aboard of us, viz* : two hundreth aboard each of 
the marchants shippes and 300 for my shipp besyde the Admiralls 
train, which they say wilbe at the least fif'tie or sixtie more. This 
same captaines of the companies which have bene aboard of me 
delivered unto me. But so it is (if it please your Lordship) that 
by the Instructions I have under my Lord Admiralls hand, I am to 
receive no more aboard his Majesties shippe wherein I command 
save the Lord Admirall or some other principall noble-man of 
France with such a convenient traine as I am able to accommodate 
and to stow victualls for And into each of the marchants shippes 
not above halfe the number of their owne shippes companie. Now 
how to compose this great difference to give content on both sydes 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 183 

I know not, but will endevor to doe it, (when I shall speake with 
the Lord Admirall) with the best reasons I can give him. Never- 
theles resolving not to infringe the Instructions which T have from 
my Lord Admirall my shipp being allreadie fully man'd having 
250 men aboard, which number is as many as ever she caried, and 
I am not able to stow my six monethes victualls for them, but am 
constrained to put 30 tunns of my beere aboard the marchants 
shippes and yet I want roome in hould to put downe my cables. 
And upon these reasons I must ground my refusall for receyving 
any more aboard than I am injoyned to by my Instructions though 
I know they will press me much therunto by the wordes of the 
Contract which ly open for them. As also upon another clause in 
the Contract, which is that we are to feight against any nation that 
they command us except our owne. Let it please your Lordship 
further to understand that those captaines which were aboard with 
me tould me that this preperation was against Monsieur Soubize 
and Eochel, the like report is comonly bruited upon the shore, 
though my selfe have not bene there to heare them but as they are 
brought unto me by those that have bene at the towne. But for 
this I have a speciall command by a letter from Sir John Coke one 
of his Majesties Masters of Eequesies, in his Majesties name, not to 
engage my selfe or the rest of my shippes in any of the civill 
warres of France, or against any of our religion in that kingdome 
or elsewhere, by which you may perceive in how difficult a busines 
I am imbarked. Therfore I humblie beseech your Lordship to take 
these things into your noble consideration that I performing his 
Majesties commands and my Lord Admiralls, if any complaint shall 
come against me from the French (as doubtless there will) that your 
Lordship will be pleased to mediate to his Majestie on my behalfe 
that I may not be censured till I shall returne to render an accompt 
of my cariage in this busines. Thus craving pardon for my tedious 
and rude lynes and humblie desyring the continuance or your Lord- 
ships favor and good opinion of me, which I shall ever indevor with 



184 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHEENT. 

my best diligence to preserve, I humblie take my leave, remayning 
ever Your Lordship very humblie 

to do you service 

J. PENINGTON. 

From aboarde the 
Vanguard in Deepe Roade 
the 15 th of June, 1625. 

28. Louis XIII. to the Duke of Chevreuse and M. de la Ville 

aux Clercs. 

[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 195.] 

1625, Jnne tf. Mon Cousin et vous Monsieur de la Ville aux Clercs 1'impatience 
en laquelle j'estois d'entendre des nouvelles du Roy de la Grande 
Bretagne mon bon frere et beau frere, et de la Royne ma soeur vous 
doit faire juger combien m'a este" agreable 1'advis que vous m'avez 
donne de son heureux passage par vostre lettre du 23 de ce mois 
le quel j'espere estre bien tost servy de leur entreveue que je 
souhaitte accompagnee de tout bonheur pour nostre commun 
contentement. Par cette mesme depesche j'ay bienvoulu vous faire 
s^avoir qu'ayant este adverty de Farrivee des huict vaisseaux 
Anglois a la rade de Dieppe ils ont este' visitez et a este trouue 
qu'ils estorent du tout differends du port que j'avois espere par 
la promesse qui m'en avoit este faicte, et nullement conformes 
au contract passe sur ce sujet par le sieur d'Effiat, et que ceux qui 
commandent dessus ont dit qu'ils avoient charge de leur Roy de ne 
recevoir sur le plus grand que cinquante hommes et sur les autres 
que trente ou quarante, en sorte qu'il y resteroit tousjours au moins 
deux fois autant d' Anglois de plus que de Fran9ois. Que les dits 
vaisseaux ne sont pas artillez comme ils doivent estre, qu'il n'y a pas 
assez de poudre ny de boullets, ce qui vous fera peut estre bien 
juger que ceux qui sont sur les dits vaisseaux out pense que 
difficilement je m'en pourrois servir au temps que j 'en aurois affaire, 
veu que les boullets de calibre ne se trouvent pas en un instant en 
un lieu ou il n'y a pas beaucoup de vaisseaux ne me voullant plaindre 
que de ceux qui m'appartiennent. Je ne puis que je ne vous temoigne 
que j'eusse pense que le sieur D'Effiat et le Chevallier de Rasilly que 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 185 

j'y ay envoye expres pour les visiter eussent fait pourvoir plus 
exactement a cet armement, de plus qu'ils ne veullent point charger 
les victuailles qui ont este preparees a Dieppe pour la nourriture des 
soldats et officiers Frar^ois que j'y veux mettre dessus, ce que j'ay 
bien voulu vous faire particulierement entendre afin que prompte- 
ment vous fassiez remedier a ces deffaux et y donner les ordres 
conformes a ce que je puis et dois desirer. Je vous diray franche- 
ment que je n'ay pas este peu estonne quand j'ay apris ce que je 
vous mande, veu qu'apres avoir attendu longtemps ce secours que 
je desire du Roy mon frere, il semble que je suis prive d'en recevoir 
aucun fruict par 1'estat auquel on m'envoye les dits vaisseaux et par 
les difficultez de a ceux qui leur commandent font de recevoir ceux 
quel'ona tousjours bien sceu que j'y voulois mettre de ma part. Le 
Roy mon dit beau frere jugera bien qu'il ne seroit pas raisonnable 
de mettre mon Admiral avec cinquante fran9ois sur un vaisseau ou 
il y auroit deux cens cinquante Anglois. Ce n'est pas que je ne 
tienne les dits Anglois m'estre aussy asseurez que les Frangois, mais 
il jugera bien luy mesme que la bienseance ne le permet pas. Je 
m'asseure qu'il connoistra que je fais volontiers ce qu'il m'est 
possible pour son contentement, ce qui se passe en Allemagne et ce 
que j'ay dit a mon cousin le Due de Bouquinquam le justifie assez. 
Mon dit cousin 'de Bouquinquam estant Admiral remediera sans 
doubte a tout ce que dessus, en sorte que vous n'aurez pas grande 
peine d'obtenir du Roy mon beau frere ce que je demande et qu'il 
le desirera autant que moy. Ce que j'attens done c'est un ordre 
d'Angleterre et un commandement tres expres a ceux qui sont sur 
les dits vaisseaux Anglois de prendre sur iceux le nombre de 
Franyois que je voudray, qu'ils recevrout toutes les victuailles et 
munitious qui leur seront necessaires, et d'autant qu'il y a trop 
d' Anglois sur les dits vaisseaux pour le port dont ils sont, qui est 
beaucoup moins que celui dont ils doivent estre. Je desire aussy 
que le Roy mon frere donne ordre a ce qu'il ne demeure point des 

* ? que. 
CAMD. SOC. 2 B 



186 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

dits Anglois s'il se peut sur 1' Admiral, et au cas que vous ne le 
puissiez obtenir, qu'il n'y en ait sur celuy la que cinquante et sur 
tous les autres a cette mesme proportion et egalite, ainsy que vous le 
jugerez plus a propos sur les lieux et selon le memoire du port des 
dits vaisseaux que je vous envoye apres la visite exacte qui en a 
este* faicte a Dieppe a leur arrive'e, et ferez en sorte que le nombre 
des Fra^ois passe de beaucoup celuy des Anglois. Je desire que 
vous me rendiez prompte response, car mes affaires ne me permettent 
pas d'attendre davantage a me servir des dits vaisseaux ou a me 
resoudre de ne le faire pas, ce que j'aymerois mieux que ne les 
recevoir a conditions telles qu'ayant 1'apparence de quelque secours 
je n'en puisse avoir 1'effect. Vous representerez done mes sentimens 
tels que vous les pouvez juger et au Koy mon beau frere et a mon 
dit Cousin de Bouquinquam, et me rendez ce service avec soin et 
prompte diligence, puisque 1'estat de mes affaires le requiert sans 
aucun retardement, priant Dieu qu'il vous ait mon cousin et vous 
Monsieur de la Ville au Clercs en sa saincte et digne garde. 
Escrit a Fountainebleau le vingt septiesme jour de Juin 1625. 

Signe Louis, 

et plus bas Potier 

29 Captain Pennington to Mons. d* Ocquerre? 

[State Papers, France.] 
1625, June if. Monsieur, 

Je vins mouiller 1'ancre ycy lundy dernier environ dix heures du 
matin avecq sept navires, 1'autre navire nous estant egare* par une 
grande tourmente quy nous tomba dessus, et selon le commandement 
du Roy mon maistre je envoya incontinent a terre par le Chevallier 
de Rasilly quy vint passager dans mon navire, luy ayant este em- 
ploye pour veoir cette flotte accommodee et equipee pour faire 
entendre que nous fusmes arives, et aussy suivant les articles du 
contract pour attendre les comrnandements du Roy tres Chrestien, et 
davantage d'advertir que en ce lieu cy, nous ne pouvons demeurer 

8 Secretary of State to the King of France. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 187 

long temps, larade estant dangereusse et le fond sy mauvais, car nous 
avons desja receu de la perte; et pourtant, monsieur, je desire tres 
humblement que nous pouvions avoir nostre despeche hors de ce lieu 
avecq prompte expedition, vostre Ambassadeur ayantpromis au Roy 
mon maistre que nous ne demeuririons ycy quarante huict heures, et 
que touttes les previssions estoient embarques pour mettre dans nos 
navires. Mais, monsieur, quil vous plaise d'entendre que je trouve tout 
autrement: premierement il ny a ycy ancun principall Seigneur de 
France avecq commission de la part de Sa Majeste tres chrestienne 
pour nous commander selon 1'accort que porte le Contract ny n'avons 
aucune ordre expresse de sa dite Majeste pour ce que nous debvons 
faire, nous n'estant a suivre les directions d'aulcun quy ce soit, sinon 
coeus de Sa Majeste tres chrestienne ou tel grand Seigneur quy 
aportera quam a luy une Commission du dit Roy. Au surplus 
nous ne debvons pas bouger d'ycy pour son service sans pouldre et 
balles et autre munition les quelles nous ont este promisses pour ce 
voyage ; nen ayant aporte davantage hors de 1' Angleterre que pour la 
guarde de nostre navire jusques icy et pour nostre retour, delaquelle 
nous avons despendu grande quantite en salutations; et au reguart 
que cette place est dangereuse et la temps fort mauvais, cy b les pro- 
visions pour nos dictz navires ne sont prestes a 1'instant, nous serons 
contraints de nous retirer a nostre coste ou a Douvre on a 1'Isle de 
Wight selon la commodite du vent, ou nous serons tousjours prest de 
retourner ycy ou aller de toutte part ailleurs ou il plaira a sa 
Majeste tres chrestienne nous appeler et vous supplier de signifier a 
sa dicte Majeste d'expedier ce gentilhomme que j'ay envoie expres 
vers vous pour cette affaire : ainsy en vous baisant tres humblement 
les mains je demeure 

Monsieur 

Votre tres humble Serviteur 

J. PENINGTON. 

D'Abord 1'Avantguarde a la rade de Diepe 
le 18 eme jour de join stilo veteri 1G25. 

a i.e. comrne. b ?>. si. 



188 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

30 Mons. d? Ocquerre to M. de la Ville au Clercs. 
[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 198.] 

1625, June . Monsieur, 

Vous aurez peut estre juge la despeche pressante que vous apporte 
vostre courrier mais ce n'a pas este sans sujet, car je vous puis dire 
que ceux qui comraandent aux vaisseaux Anglois sont tellement 
attachez aux commandemens qu'ils ont de leur Roy et aux termes 
des contracts, qu'ils ne veullent en aucune maniere se relascher de 
leur resolution premiere. 11 est vray que leur contract dit qu'ils 
y auront deux cens cinquante Anglois sur le vaisseau nomme' 
Admiral, et qu'ils a n'en sont pas plus recevront a la volonte* de 
Monsieur 1' Admiral ou de celuy qui conimandera de la part du 
Roy tel nombre de soldats et tel coinmandement qu'il voudra, cela 
semble estre indefiny, mais la clause qui suit est captieuse (avec tous 
les biens que seront mis abord du navire pour 1'usage du dit 
Admiral et soldats, a condition qu'il les pourra raisounablement 
charger efc porter, outre ces propres victuailles cordages et appareils) 
leur resolution done est de suivre les dits termes du contract, qu'ils 
recevront Monsieur 1'Admiral et son train jusques au nombre de 
quarante on cinquante hommes, que le vaisseau n'en peut porter 
davantage outre les deux cens cinquante Anglois qu'ils ont, qu'ils 
ne peuvent charger que les victuailles que pour le dit trein et cin- 
quante personnes conformement a la susdite clause que le vaisseau 
n'en peut porter davantage: adjoustant que si Monsieur 1'Admiral 
ne vient bientost qu'ils ne peuvent attendre que peu de jours, et 
disent les officiers et soldats tout haut qu'ils ne veullent combattre 
contre Mons. de Soubise et les Rochellois, ce que vous verrez par 
les lettres que je vous envoye qui vous justifieront leurs mauvaises 
intentions. Voila Monsieur le sujet de cette seconde depesche qui 
merite bien que vous y donniez ordre pour faire Monsieur 1'Admiral 

* Sic. ? s'ils. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 189 

de peine, et pour faire en sorte que ces Capitaines Anglois obeissent 
conformement a ce qui est porte par la premiere depesche que vous 
avez recue, car si vous n'obtenez un commandement tres expres, je 
ne voy pas que le Koy puisse tirer aucun service de ces vaisseaux, 
et sera tres mal aise d'obliger les Capitaines Francois d'y servir, ne 
les jugeans ny de service ny commodes pour embarquer le nombre 
de leurs soldats, qui n'est que trop grand pour la petitesse des 
vaisseaux. Us les trouvent tres mal artillez sans boullets ny poudre, 
et de faict je leur ay faict ordonner trente milliers de poudre grosse 
grenee de la quelle ils avoient besoin : ils n'ont point de boullets et 
n'en scauroit en trouver en France de leur calibre. Jugez en quel 
estat nous sommes, ce n'est pas pour joindre la flotte de Hollande 
qui est partie le douziesme de ce mois pour aller chercher Monsieur 
de Soubise qui est entre dans la riviere de Bourdeaux ou Monsieur 
de Thorax avec partie du regiment de Champagne 1'alla visiter 
jusques a Castillon, ou il la contrainct de reprendre ses vaisseaux 
avec perte de ses gens et de partie de son bagage jusques a ses 
matelots; les pay sans ayant tue" ceux qui s'estoient escartez d'effroy. 
Si vos Anglois et nos Hollandois vouloient faire effecte ils en ont 
1'occasion belle ; le Roy mande Monsieur Gueffier le venir trouver : 
1'on en a besoin je ne scay pas pourquoy. Je suis Monsieur 
Vostre plus humble et tres 
affectionne Serviteur 

DOCQUERRE. 



31.. Louis Kill, to Captain Pennington. 
[State Papers, France.] 

Mons r de Penington, Mon Cousin le Due de Montmorancy pair 1625, 
et admiral de France s'en allant par dela pour recougnoistre les y 
vaisseaulx Angloys que vous avez amenez aux Hades de Dieppe et 
lui commander comrne est Pintention du Roy de la Grand Bre- 



190 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

taigne mon bon frere, je vous ay voulu escrire ceste letre pour 
vous mander de le recougnoistre et luy obeir en la dite qualite" sans 
attendre aucune commission ou pouvoir que la presente, attendu 
que sa charge d'admiral est suffisante pour le dit commandement 
auquel m'asseurant que vous vous accommoderez, je prie Dieu qu'il 
vous ayt, Mons r de Penington, en sa sainte garde. Escrit a Fontayne- 
bleau le premier jour de Juillet 1625. 

Louis. 

DOCQUERRE. 



32. M. d'Ocquerre to Captain Pennington. 
[State Papers, France.] 



Monsieur, 



June' 21, Votre lettre du xviij du passe slilo vet. m'a este rendue le premier 

July 1. de ce moys, pour la quelle vous me donnes advis d'avoir mouille 

1'ancre a la Rade de Dieppe avec sept vaisseaux d'Angleterre, atten- 
dant le huictiesme, et me faictes congnoistre 1'ordre et le commande- 
ment que vous aves du Roy de la Grande Bietaigne, ce q'uayant 
sceu le Roy a faict partir Mons r 1' Admiral de France avec ordre 
et commandement de sa Majeste de recongnoistre lestat des dits 
vaisseaux Anglois et d'ordonner ce quy reste a faire pour se servir 
a ce qu'ilz ont este* destinez. Ce seroit rendre un mauvais service a 
Sa Majeste de les retirer a 1'isle d'Wicq ou Dunes d'Angleterre et 
perdre du temps, puisque les capitaines Fran9ois, soldats, et vic- 
tuailles sont sur pied et prepares, et semble qu'il ne reste plus rien 
qu'a les faire embarquer, que vous pouves suivant mesme Pintention 
du Roy de la Grande Bretaigne, et sans vous arester aux termes et 
closes du contract, vous sevir a de celle quy porte expressement que 
Monsieur P Admiral de France ou le Seigneur Francois quy sera 
envoye de la part du Roy pour y commander poura mettre tel 
nombre de soldats et victuailles qu'il voudre; reflect de la quelle Sa 

i.e. servir. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 191 

Majeste se promet que vous effectures, et desire que ce soit jusques 
a tel nombre de soldats et quantite de victuailles qu'il jugera neses- 
saire pour le bien de son service: que les vaisseaux d'Hollande ont 
sejourne aux radesde France un long temps en plus mauvaisson a que 
cellecy sans y courre fortune. Ce que vous ne debves pas craindre 
vous asseurant qu'apres avoir veu Mons r 1' Admiral de France qu'il 
ne vous y retiendra que peu de jours, car vous esloignant ce seroit 
faire au Koy un tres grand deservice et du quel Sa Majeste auroit 
subject de se plaindre au Roy vostre Maistre. Puisque la poudre vous 
manque, jay donne ordre qu'il en sera envoye trente milliers de 
grosse grenee : pour les boulettes, il ny en a point de calibre cy ce 
n'est qu'il s'en trouve a Dieppe, auquel cas Mons r rAdmirall en 
ordonnera sur les lieux. Vous recepvres done Mons. les ordres du 
Roy qu'il vous porte, sans aucune pouvoir ny commission que celuy 
quil a du Roy, et quy est deub a 1'auctorite de sa charge n'estant la 
coustume de France de luy donner aucune commission que le seul 
commandement de la bouche de Sa Majeste. Vous baisant bien 
humblement les manis Je demeure, 

Monsieur, Votre tres humble serviteur, 

DOCQUERRE. 

De Fontaineblean 
ce premier Juillet 1625. 

f 

33 Thomas Lorkin b to Secretary Conway. 

s 

[State Papers, France.] 

Right Honorable 

* * * * * 

This was all I meant unto your Lordship at this present, but that j 625 ' 22 
a curryer from Captayne Pennington (even when I was going to putt July 2. 
pen to paper) ministred occasion to me of a voyage to Fontainebleau, 
whereof 1 thinck fitt to give your Lordship an accompt. 

* i.e. mauvais saison. b English agent in France. 



192 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

First therefore (according to his desire) I represented the long 
stay he had made upon the coast of Diep (very hazardous for his 
ships) in expectation of some order from this King according to 
your contract : That at his setting forth from England it was assured 
him by the French Embassador, that he shoulde finde all in that 
readines heer as when he came at Diepe he should not need to 
tarry foure and twenty hours for prosecution of all that was to be 
done, where yet he had wayted full eight dayes. 

That the contract imported, that either the Admirall (or some 
principall nobleman) of France should be there ready, with com- 
mission from this King to direct the employment of those ships ; 
that in all this tyme none such appeared. 

A default there was likewise for poudre and shott, which this 
King ought to furnish and yet no order taken for the supplie. 

The number of French soldiers to be receyved into the ships 
was limited by the contract to the capacity of the sayd vessels with 
respect unto the stowage of a due proportion of victuals for them. 
And yet such a multitude was pressed upon him as the ships could 
not receyve one third. . 

For all which things I desired, in Captaine Penington's name, 
that speedy order might be given, or otherwise he must be forced 
to depart, and (for better safety) to retire with his ships upon the 
English coast, there to attend this King's summons when he should 
be ready for him. 

I addressed myself first to the Cardinal, who, though sick in bed, 
yet admitted me to him. To whom after I had propounded the par- 
ticulars he tould me how the King had allready given order for the 
Admiral's departure to goe and see whether, according to the inten- 
tion of the contract, the ships would receyve him, yea or not : that 
they were heer much deceyved in their expectation, for neither the 
capacity of the vessels, nor greatnes, quality nor number of ordinance 
answered what was promised, that the friendship of this King merited 
better at the King of England's hands, for whose sake alone he had 
engaged himself in the buisines of the Palatinate, and (after the first 



THE LOAN OP SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 193 

tyme expired) had revived his promise at Compiegne to continue 
his contribution as long againe, and had hetherto made due monethly 
payment, and so meant to doe for the future : that he had offred 
further a new succor of 2000 horse for Count Mansfeld and would 
be ready to perform it whensoever the King of Greate Brettain 
would require it : that he intended further a million of francks to 
the King of Denmark for the maintenance of his army (but alas, 
the fatall newes is come of his death 8 ) all which was done for his 
Majesties sake alone, who badly requited it, if he thus frustrated his 
hopes by such unexpected difficulties as were now offred. That if 
they were persisted in, the King of France could not serve himself 
of the ships, but must sett downe by the losse and though he sayd 
nothing yet assuredly he would have thereof quelque sentiment. 

I desired him not to burden his Majestic with causelesse com- 
plaints, that las Koyall intentions were as cordiall and friendly to 
this King as his owne heart could desire : that he had witnessed 
no lesse by the strict comma undement he had layd both upon the 
Admirall and Captaines to followe precisely such order, as (by the 
contract) the Admirall of France should direct them unto : that 
these were so farre from disobeying, as they complayned of the 
delay of execution. But what appearnce, quoth he, that the Admiral 
of France should putt himself into a ship, whereof he cannot be the 
absolute commander. So long as he keeps within the intention of 
the contract (replied I) he needs not feare or misdoubt the com- 
maund, for the English are charged to receyve lawe of him, and so 
many English as there are, so many servants will he finde. Nay 
then, lett me tell you (quoth he) that they have openly given forth 
that the^y will never fight against any of their owne religion nor 
against Soubize, and yet this is the end why these ships were con- 
tracted for. I made the like reply to this and sundry other parti- 
culars which I did afterwards to Mons r . D'Anquaire to whom by 
reason of the Cardinals indisposition he referred me for resolution, 
who entred with me yesterday into a long discourse, the effect 

* This news was false. 
CAMD. SOC. 2 C 



194 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

whereof (together with my answers) your Lordship will finde in the 
coppie of a letter of myne to Captayne Penington, which (though 
tumultuarily written by me) I have caused to be transcribed to 
make my owne letter the more compendious to your Lordship. To 
whom (after 1 shall have added that which I had allmost forgott, 
that the Duke de Vendosme, having gott newes of the approaches 
of this fleet, hath summoned all the chief of the nobility of Bretagne 
to oppose themselves against their landing upon that coast, as those 
that acknowledge no Admirall for that province who is not a 
Bretton by birth) I heer most humbly offer myself and life to doe 
your Honor service in quality of 

Your Lordships 

most humble, most fa th full 

and obedient servant 

THO. LORKIN. 

Your Lordship had receyved this dispatch two dayes sooner but 
that my journey to Fountenbleau forced this delay: Heerwith your 
Lo p will finde divers copies which will not be unworthy your Lord- 
ship's perusall. 
Paris this Weddensday Evening being July the 2. 1625. st. n. 

34. Thomas Lorkin to Captain Pennington. 

[State Papers, France.] 
Noble Syr, 

June' 22 No sooner had Mr. Ingam signifyed to me his employment from 

July 2. yow, but 1 readily offred him all the assistance I could. I first 

imparted the matter to the cardinal, who being indisposed referred 
me to the same Secretary of State to whom yow directed your 
letter, Monsieur d'Aucaire; who after he had read your letter 
entred into a long discourse with me, first telling me that the 
Admirall was allready gone to prevaile himself of those ships for 
this King's service; that hee needed no commission (neither indeed 
could take any without wrong unto his place) for there were two 
great offices in France, the Constable and his, that never tooke any 



THE LOAN OF 8HIHS TO THE FRENCH. 195 

other commission then the commandment from the King's ovvne 
mouthe. All other persons of whatsoever quality did. And when 
I replied that howsoever this might serve at home, in their owne 
domestique affaires, yet strangers tooke knowledge of no such 
priviledges. He tould me (if I would) he would send the king's 
letter to certify as much, so to take away all scruple, and herewith 
you will receyve it. 

For poudre and shott, he pretended that, by the contract, you were 
to furnish them, and for the latter it was impossible for France (as 
not knowing the calibre or bore of the ordinance), and when I 
replied therto, that if the contract obliged you to any such provision 
I thought it was to be restreyned to what was necessary for your 
ordinary defence and not for combat, he answered that so indeed 
you interpreted it, but if that were your intention it argued a great 
weaknes in the contractants of their part. 

In fine (to take away this obstacle, he had sent thirty thousand 
pounds of pouldre, but for bullets, if Diepe could not happily 
furnish them, they must needs be supplied from England. 

Next he complayned of the paucity of men which you would 
receyve, which was not above 40 or 50 in the King's ship? and 
this was but the first proposition of the English that were in it, 
and much about that rate the rest. That the Admirall's ordinary 
traine exceeded that number by two thirds at least; and appealed 
to me, whether I thought it fitt that the second great officer of this 
Kingdom who for his bloud and wealth came next after the Princes 
should be abridged of two-thirds of his ordinary attendance, and 
putt up in a ship amongst strangers, where the strangers com- 
manded. I desired him not to accompt of the English as strangers, 
but friends, and assured him of as ready service from them as from 
the French, and that I knewe you had commandment from his 
Majestic to shew him all possible respect, and according to the 
contract to receyve la we in everything from him ; and that therfore 
he might be assured to finde so many servants as there were 
English. He told me he beleeved no le&se, and had heard of the 



196 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

charge which his Majesty gave you, which was word for word 
related to him, and gave wondrous satisfaction to this King and 
state, but yet againe demanded of me whether I thought it meet for 
a personage of the Admiralls ranck to be so narrowly stinted to his 
number. I answered that you stinted him not, but their owne 
contract, which you were ready punctually to observe. The contract, 
sayd he, gives liberty to putt as many abord as the Fr. King shall 
please, but that (replied I) must needs receyve restriction, according 
to the capacity of the vessel. Indeed (quoth he) such a clause is 
captiously inserted, which contradicts the former, and indeed over- 
throws it, for what avails it to give us liberty in the first words, and 
to take it away in the next. I excepted against the word (cap- 
tiously), and shewed the limitation to be necessary even out of 
ordinary providence, which neither allowed a vessel to be over- 
burdened nor to receyve more in then there was stowage for 
victualls for them ; why then (quoth he) lett the English Admirall 
sett some of his owne men on shore to make roome for French. I 
told him, that 1 conceyved your number was limited by the 
contract and that it deed not exceed it. He confessed it to be true. 
Why then, inferred I, there is no reason why you should require it 
should be diminished ; neither can the English Admirall doe it, 
without expresse warrant from the King our master. 

If the King of England (quoth he) will deale friendly with the 
French King, he will call all or most of the English soldiers home 
that rome may be made for the French. I tould him I thought he 
would not judge it honourable for the King (that I called not the 
safety in question) to leave his vessels without a sufficient guard of 
his owne subjects. 

He quarreled then against the vessels themselves, which he sayd 
did not answer in any sort the French King's expectation, nor 
satisfy the intention of the contract; for whereas by aggreement 
they ought to be 800 tunne a piece at least, none (the Roberge* 

i.e., the Vanguard. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 197 

excepted) is above 500. I told him I was no good seaman but I 
thought when we esteemed the vessel by the tunne we compre- 
hended therein tunnage and all, that is to say masts cabels &c. and 
that when his Majestic the King your master hires any ships for his 
owne service (wherein the price is proportioned to the tunnes) the 
number of tuns is so reckoned. And I did not think, but (accord- 
ing to the ordinary language of seamen, at leastwise of our country) 
the contract that was made was most exactly performed. Indeed 
(sayd he) by that equivocation they save themselves, but therin 
they have overreached us, who number the tuns according to the 
fiaight a ship will bear, and so had provided both our men and 
victualls. I answered that they that contracted for them were 
upon the place, and either sawe and visited (or at least ought so to 
have done) the vessels that they aggreed for; and that they were 
able to have clered that point to them. In fine, he was forced to 
cast all the blame upon their owne contractors, for where I pressed 
him whether he could complayne ether of the King our master or 
of the Ministers of State, or of yourself and the other captaynes 
that commanded under yow, he confessed ingenuously he could 
not, but must accuse their owne improvidence. 

But yet one thing he taxed us for, that those that were in the 
ships gave forth openly that they would neither fight against them 
of the religion nor Mons r de Soubize, against whom notwithstanding 
this shipping was principally intended; nay went further as to 
sweare they would soner endure to be cast over shipbord into the 
sea then they would drawe their sword against him. I desired to 
knowe whether he could verify the accusation by any good proofes. 
He answered yes. Next whether he could charge either yourself 
or any of the captaynes and comanders under you with any such 
language. He told me, but that yow had in that point carryed 
yourself with all the discretion that was possible. Why then (quoth 
I) it skils not what some few of the common soldiers babble, you 
knowe it is a hard thing to putt a bridle to every bodies tongue ; 
but when it comes to execution and action you will finde that none 



198 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

wilbe so hardy as to disobey their commanders and captaynes; but 
in the interim I thinck yow shall doe well to restreyne that liberty 
of speech if there be any such, for feare it prove offensive. 

In the last place, touching your stay upon the coast of France or 
retrait upon the coast of England (which was more safe) he seemed 
at first to be very indifferent, saying that so the other things were 
accorded it conduced no lesse to the French King's service that you 
rode upon our owne coast then if you did upon theirs; yet since, 
he hath changed his mynde and written to you to a contrary tenor, 
summoning you likewise to receyve such French as the Admirall 
shall please to enjoigne unto you. He showed me the letter and 
intreated me to write likewise to you to the same effect: but I 
answered him that I could not persuade yow to ought that was 
contrary to your commission or the contract, and though I should, 
yet yow were to wise to hearken to me so advising yow. For it 
imported no lesse then your life to transgresse the order his Majestie 
had sett downe unto yow and appealed to his justice and reason 
whether he would desire that at your hands. He sayd, he was bound 
to desire that which availed most for his master's service but yet 
could not complaine of yow, if yow obeyed the order that was com- 
manded yow. 

Yow have a tumultuary accompt of the chief things that passed. 
I remitt all to your wisdome, how yow will shape your answer and 
course. Yf my poore endeavours may be any wayes usefull I pray 
commaund me; who (not onely out of the humble duty and obedi- 
ence that I owe to his Majesties service, but my affection to yours) 
wilbe most ready to execute to my power what yow shall command 
and that in qualitie of 

Your most humble 

and faithfull servant 

THO: LORKIN. 

Paris in extreame hast 
this 2 of July 1625. 
t novo. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 199 

I had forgotten one complaint against the artillerie of the Mar- 
chands' ships, which neither answers for the matter, number, nor 
bignes what they pretend heer to be stipulated. I answered that 
I thought the contractants had taken due surveigh of all in England 
and approved of them and was confident that nothing was altered 
since. 



35 Louis XIII. to the Dnke of, Chevreuse. 
[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 213b.l 

Mon Cousin, 1625, 

La lettre que vous et les Sieurs de Lomenie et d'Effiat avez ad- June 24 
dresse'e a la Royne, Madame ma mere, en response de celle que je luy 
avois escrite pour vous faire S9avoir mes intentions sur les propositions 
que luy avoit faictes le Due de Bouquingham : m'a este rendue, comme 
j'ay tout sujet de me contenter de la diligence que vous avez aportee 
pour satisfaire a ce qu'elle vous avoit ordonne, je trouve pareillement 
bon que vous n'ayez point parle au Roy de la Grande Bretagne 
Monsieur mon frere des dites propositions, puis que le dit Duc a . . 
. que je seray tousjours bien aise de favoriser, vous a prie de 
ne le pas faire, et reconneu ingenuement que ce qu'il avoit dit a 
1'Ambassadeur de mon oncle le Due de Savoye estoit de son mouve- 
ment seul et sans ordre du Roj son maistre, 1'alliance duquel m'est 
en telle consideration qu'il peut s'asseurer de mon amide et du secours 
des deux mil chevaux que j'ay accordez a Compiegne. Que si j'ay 
desire scavoir a quoy il les destinoit il peut juger que j'ay grande 
occasion de le faire, puisque le project general pour lequel la dicte 
cavallerie m'estoit demandee ne s'execute point: vous ne presserez 
neantmoins davantage pour scavoir a quel effect il les veut destiner; 
mais taschez secretement d'en descouvrir le dessein, cependant vous 
pouvez asseurer des deux mil chevaux, pourveu qu'ils soient payez 
des deniers du Roy mon frere et que ses vaisseaux les viennent 

a Words omitted in the MS. 



200 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

prendre a mes havres et ports comme j'esdmu que c'est son inten- 
tion. Cette assistance luy sera donne'e de bon coeur et d'une mesme 
volonte queje croy qu'il a 1'octroy des vaisseaux qu'il me preste, les- 
quels toutesfois ne veullent faire ce pourquoy ils sont venuz. Car 
ces gens sous pretexte d'un contract qu'ils interpretent subtillement, 
pretendans que pour vaisseau de six a sept cens tonneaux il y aura 
deux cens cinquante hommes je ny peux mettre que cinquante des 
miens, et ce qui me donne plus d'estonn^nent et sujet de me plaindre 
d'eux, c'est d'avoir dit et declare qu'ils n'entendent servir centre 
Soubise ny centre les Kochellois, ce que le Roy mon frere n'ap- 
prouvera pas asseurement, attendu qu'il a tousjours sceu a quoy je 
les voulois employer, et que je ne puis doubter de sa bonne volonte 
au bien de mes affaires non plus que luy de la mienne a 1'advance- 
ment de ses desseins c'est ce qu'il scaura par vous et par les Sieurs 
de Lomenie et d'Effiat, comme je vous en prie et de leur com- 
muniquer la presente que j'ay faicte pour tous, encore qu'elle soit 
addressee a vous seul : que je prie Dieu avoir et eux pareillement 
mon cousin en sa saincte garde. 

Escrit a Fontainebleau se quatriesme jour de Juillet 1625. 

Signe Louis. 

35. Captain Pennington to the Duke of Montmorency, Admiral of 

France. 

[State Papers, France.] 

Monsieur 

II est asseure le 14 m jour qae nous avous avec grand hazard 
1625, demeure en ceste rade perilleuse, ou quelques uns de nous avous 

June 27 rompus et tous rouge" les cables, tellement que nous sommes con- 

straint, de nous enlever d'icy pour retirer a nostre coste ou aux Dunes 
ou a 1'Isle de Wight a 1'un ou a 1'autre selon que nous trouverons 
le vent nous favoriser, ou nous nous tiendrons prest de nous rendre 
a la premire semonce instamment a la place que vous nous com- 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 201 

manderez, et en ce petit retrait nous tascherons trouver nostre Vice 
Admirall pour nous rendre plus fort a vous faire service a nostre 
retour. Car nous pensons que vous ferez quelque residence par de 
la pour faira 1'accomplissement de toutes choses pour vostre voyage 
qui demeurent encor a faire. D'avantage Monsieur que je me 
tiendray prest non seulement de me rendre ou me commanderez a 
vostre retour, mais a toutes heures et a toutes occasions de vous 
faire tel service que j'espere vous le trouveres agreable. Et que quand 
vous aurez Monsieur, eu experience de mon integrite, je ne doute 
rien que cela veut lever toute difficult^ et meffiance que vous puissies 
avoir de moy en ces affaires. Et jusques alors je n'ay autre recours 
que de vous suplier de donner foy a mes parolles lesquelles n'ont 
este ny ne seront jamais contamine de faintise ou dissimulation. Et 
moy pour tous les gens qui sont dans mon navire et tous les autres 
capitaines des autres navires mettrons toute peine et diligence de 
les vous rendre en obeissance. Dernierement, Monsieur, j'ay receu 
si grancle Hesse d'avoir entendu (par le gentilhomme que j'envoyoy 
vers vous le matin de vostre parlement) le bon opinion qu'il vous a 
pleu luy dire avoir de moy, que je tascheray de faire plus (s'il est 
possible) pour vostre service que j'en aye dit. Ainsi Monsieur, en 
vous baisant tres humblement les mains, je prie Dieu qu'il vous 
aye en sa sainte garde et demeureray a jamais 

Monsieur, 

Vostre tres humble serviteur 
J. PENINGTON. 

D'board 1'Avantguarde 
a la Bade de Diepe 
le 27 Jour de Juin 1625, stilo veteri. 

36. The Duke of Chevreuse and M. de la Ville aux Clercs to 

Louis XIII. 
[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 207-1 
Sire, 1625, 

Nous voudrions bien que vostre Majeste receust plus de contente- 
CAMD. soc. 2 D 



202 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

ment sur le faict des vaisseaux dont elle nous avoit commandez de 
parler qu'elle n'en recevra et que nostre entremise eust este avec 
plus d'effect, mais il nous a este impossible d'obtenir rien contre la 
teneur des contracts, aussy a les bien considerer vostre Majeste peut 
estre servie, non que deya 1'on ne se soit efforce de nous persuader 
le contraire mais vainement 1'une de leurs propositions premieres et 
qui nous a pense porter a rompre avec eux fut. de doubter si les 
Anglois estoient obligez de servir vostre Majeste contre qui que ce 
fust leur Souverain excepte, surquoy nous nous trouvasmes fortifiez 
de la teneur du dit contract et de la rai?on, trouvans a redire que 
1'on eust faict semblant de vouloir distinguer entre le Sieur de Sou- 
bi?e et les autres Huguenots de France qui se joindroient a luy et 
de cela nous estans hautement plaincts et demandes que les contracts 
dont ils pretendoient tirer advantage fussent eu tous leurs chefs 
exucutez, enfin ils ont acquiesce a faire escrire aux Capitaines des 
Navires d'y recevoir tout autant de soldats qu'ils en pourront porter 
et sur peine de punition d'obeir aux officiers de vostre Majeste en 
la flotte et de servir contre qui qui leur sera command^ le Roy de 
la Grande Bretagne et son grand Admiral entrans pour pleges que 
ce sera fidellement, nous voulons croire Sire que ce dernier poinct 
sera execute et 1'autre mesme duquel devant estre tire advantage, 
nous osons dire a vostre Majeste que ne faisant charger nulles 
victualles a ses bords la pour les soldats qui y deboront estre ains 
dans despataches pour les suivre nonobstant leur sophisterie vostre 
Majeste aura son compte et sera maistre absolu des vaisseaux des 
quels ils ont soustenu et particulierement de celuy nomine 1' Avant- 
garde ne pouvoir diminuer le nombre des matelots comme estans 
necessaires a le conduire et desquels vostre Majeste n'estant obligee 
a aucune restitution en cas qu'ils eussent a perir les oblige a les 
mettre en seurete, et mesmement estant leur force et la deffense de 
leur estat, nous esperons avoir domain ou mercredy au plustard les 
ordres cy dessus desduicts lesquels nous envoyerons a 1'instant, 
mesmes a Monsieur de Montmorency et ce par 1'un des courriers 
qu'il a pleu a vostre Majeste depescher afin d'advancer autant que 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 203 

nous pouvons ce qui est de vostre service qui requiert que 1'on donne 
contentement au Sieur Vanelly correspondant de Burlemaky le 
quel de bonne foy s'estant oblige pour vostre Majeste ne seroit 
raisonnable qu'il fust en peine pour une affaire ou il n'a autre profit 
que celuy de servir vostre Majeste*. 



37. Captain Pennington to the Duke of Buckingham. 

[Melbourne MSS.] 

a * * * * * 

in 200 men a peece, but at last they came to 130 a peece, or else 1625, June 28 
they must goe along with them to Paris, with many threatening 
wordes and ill language; and the other 70 for each shippe to make 
up their 200 should be carried in pataches as aforesayde: yet this 
they could not draw them to, but they were content to take in 50 
a peece, which was more then they had authoritie to doe by your 
Graces commission, which I reade unto them. How be it that 
would not satisfie him, but he left them in a chafe. The 26 day 
after diner he went away for Paris to acquaint the King as afore- 
sayde, without leaving any order for us in the world. Now, the 
weather being foule, and likely to be worse, I wrote a letter to him 
that night, and sent it ashore to be conveyed after him (the coppie 
of which you shall likewyse herewith receive) whereby I advertised 
him that for the safetie of our shipps, we resolved to retyre our selves 
to our owne coaste, where we should attend his further pleasure, 
and be readie upon the first sommons to repaire to the same place, 
or to any other where he should appointe us. And upon these 
termes we weighed about- 12 a clocke at night with the tyde of ebb 
and the winde at south-west and by south, and stoode over west 
north west and west and by north for the Isle of Wight, but the 
wind would not suffer us to recover it, but forced us to the Ness. 
But to returne againe, and give your Grace an accompt of our usage 
at Deepe, they have sleigh ted and viliefide our shippes, and used 
a The first sheet is missing. 



204 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

many threatening and disgracefull wordes against us all, as these 
captaines which come along w th this bearer can relate unto you ; 
as also how the souldiers that they would put aboard of as are most 
of them mariners in the habit of souldiers and that they have made 
all officers of mariners from the captains to the lowest officer to 
command in our shippes over us; this they speake freely to our 
owne people. Now, insomuch as I have a commission from yo T 
grace for the absolute command of myne owne people, as also of the 
rest of the fleet, and that I should receive no more men aboard 
then the Admirall w th convenient traine, nor suffer any of the 
marchants 5 shippes to take in more then half their shippes companie: 
therefore I humbly beseech y r Grace not to intertaine any complaint 
that they shall bring against me for maintaining your commands 
(which they have threatened me with) but that I may have your 
gracious favour to answer to any thing they may object against me. 
Further let y r Grace be pleased to understand that the cause of 
my coming over was principally to make knowne unto you that 
their designe is only against Mons r Soubize, as they have freely 
declared unto us, for w ch I have an absolute command by a letter 
from S r John Coke in his Ma ties name, not to engage or imbroyle 
the shippes under my command in the civill warres of France, or 
against any of our religion in that kingdome or elsewhere. Yet 
nevertheless I have put them offe upon faire termes untill I know 
yo r Grace's further pleasure: for, if I should have received them 
aboard w th a promise to have gone on in that action, I could not 
have falne offe without scandale and dishonour to our nation, 
whereas now there is tyme to prevent yt. Moreover our men in 
generall say they will rather be hanged or throwne over board then 
they will fieght against him, as your Grace may perceive by a 
petition (herew th inclosed) which my companie delivered unto me 
the same day the Admirall had bene aboarde me and declared this 
unto us, and for the companies of the marchants they farre more 
distast it then ours. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 205 

Thus humblie beseeching yo r Grace to take these things into your 
serious consideration; and if it be your pleasure I shall proceede 
in this service; that I may speedely receive directions from you 
upon what termes I shall goe on, and I will carefully and punctu- 
ally obey them. In expectation of which I tary here with my 
fleete at the Ness in hope to have yo r Grace's sudaine resolution, 
and for any further relation of these buisinesses I referr it to the 
report of these captains. Thus humblie desyring still to be con- 
tinued in yo r Grace's favour and good opinion I humblie take my 
leave, ever remaining 

Your Grace's most faith full 

and obedient servant 

J. PENINGTON. 

From aboard the Vangard by 
the Ness, this 28 of June 1625. 

38. Mr. Thomas Lorkin to Lord Conway. 

[State Papers, France.] 
Eight Honorable, 

The opportunity of this bearer gives me means, first of repayring Fontaine- 
the fault which my memory made in my last of the second of this j u ' 28 
present, where for Maletour, your Lo p will finde Malotra; next of July 8, 
giving an accompt of what hath happened since. 1625> 

Where, in the front, your Lo p may read Gondemar's taking his 
leave of this King upon Satturday last, without touching any other 
matter then meer compliment ; but the same belief which I intimated 
before prevailes still, that he hath left instructions with the legat 
to proceed according to the tenor of my last. Wherof there are 
these new presumptions that Pamphile (Auditore della Ruota) and 
the Secretary of the Legation have had long and frequent confer- 
ences with the sayd Gondemar, and sometymes two in one day; 
besides the interchangeable visitts betwixt him and the Legat. Yet 
does this man temporise still without discovering himself further 



206 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

then for a cessation of armes; either in hope this state will be so 
embroyled as they wilbe glad to listen to any conditions; or perhaps 
to prevaile himself of the jealousie that this state may conceyve 
upon Gondemar's arrival in England, in case his commission lie 
thither, as is thought after he hath been with the Infanta at 
Brussels, as if there he were to commence some treaty to this King's 
prejudice. And some have discovered such feares to me allready, 
which I have endeavoured to prove vaine, by letting them knowe 
what a deafe eare he will finde to any ouverture his tongue can 
utter; sith we knowe him and his tricks too wel to be, a second 
tyme, deceyved by him. At his departure he was presented with 
a buffet of plate of two thousand crownes. There was ordeined a 
jewel of that valew, but the young Queen being carefull to provide 
that he should not be deceyved, procured the order to be changed 
as above. Before his departure, the Savoyard Embassadour went 
and saluted him ; but to avoyd jealousy, tooke some French along 
with him to be witnesses of what passed, which was but to give a 
very brief compliment. 

The same day the Holland Embassadour had audience and made 
remonstrance and instance according to the tenor of the letter 
enclosed. The King referred him to his ministers. The cardinal 
and Schomberg, to either of whom he delyvered a copie of the 
abovesayd letter, but negotiated chiefly with the latter, with whom 
he had on Sunday last very hott language. For Schomberg im- 
portunately pressing a succour of twelve ships more, the Embas- 
sadour in plaine terms told him, Vous nefaites que brouiller. Vous 
nous f aides fournir des vaisseaux soubs pretexte de les vouloir em- 
ployer a la guerre d 'Italic, puis vous avez desseing ailleurs. Vous 
nous demandez, soubs le mesme pretexte un nouveau secours de 
navires, et cependant vous traictez avec le legat. And afterwards 
the sayd Embassadour pressing somewhat peremporily; as well 
the payment of ould arrierages, as new supplies; Count Schomberg 
told him, Vous nous voulez menager, ce me semble. C'est parler 
trop hault, et bien loinq de nous prier ; wherunto the other promptly 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 207 

replyed : Nous ne vous menagons point, mais aussy nous ne sommes 
pas gueux, pour aller prier ou mendier. Nous sommes vos amys et 
alliez, et non pas vos esclaves pour vous venir supplier. The effect 
of this quick negotiation was; first of generall promise of whatso- 
ever they should desire, then particularly of full satisfaction to these 
following demaunds of his. 1. That the fourty thowsand crownes 
(heertofore defalked from their allowance, and converted to Mans- 
feld's use) might be presently rendred. 2 1 ? that the thirty-eight 
thowsand livres, which the States lent unto Montereau during his 
aboad in Frise, might be instantly repayd. 3 U that five hundred 
thowsand francs (being the half of their yeerly contribution from 
hence) might be forthwith advanced to them, and assurance, of the 
other moity after six moneths expired. All which was graunted, 
and the Embassadour assured of touching the aforesayd summes the 
next weeke. 

The same Satterday also had audience Deputies of the religion 
who are now all arrived, those of the Sevennes and Jsismes excepted. 
Mons r de Couvrelles (Soubize's deputy) was the orator, who, in the 
name of all the reste, spake unto the King as he sate in Council, 
assisted by the Cardinal, Chancelier Schomberg, secretarie d'Aucaire, 
and Tron^on; this speeech was full of submission and conteyned in 
effect an humble petition of the execution of the peace. The King's 
answer was ; Vous f aides mal de demander la paix me faisant la 
guerre. Mais puisque vous rendez dans I'obeissance, que vous me 
debvcs, fen parlerez a ces Messieurs cy, pointing to all the ministers 
in general. Though when they came to negotiate, they found they 
had to doe with Schomberg and Herbault onely, both knowen back- 
friends of theirs, which was to most a sinister augure of bad inten- 
tions and of as ill an issue. But I thinck there lies a mystery in 
this, and the choice thus contrived by the cardinal, partly to 
nourish feare in the Deputies, that so their demaunds might be the 
more moderate, partly to engage the principall opposites in the 
treaty of peace, that so he might lie the better sheltered from envy ; 
partly to avoyd the most wrangling disputes, and prepare a way to 



208 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

more glory for Queen mother and himself, when they shall corne, 
in the end, to moderate matters, and give a favourable and happie 
conclusion to the busines. 

Of this last I have this ground for my conjecture, that one of the 
Deputies, of the calmest temper, going privately to the Cardinal to 
solicit its favor, by letting him knowe in plausible termes that, how- 
soever divers would need persuade them that he was their ennemy, 
yet if it were so, they were mightily decey ved, for they esteemed 
him their greatest friend; and therfore intreated his presence in 
council, when their cause should come to be scanned and debated, 
the Cardinal's answer was, Que les premiers jours se passeroient en 
des preparatifs et en des petites disputes, mais quand on viendrait a 
resouldre de Vaffaire, alors, dit il, je m'y trouveray, et vous feray 
veoir par effect, queje suys vostre bon amy. This friendly profession 
sorted not ill with the language that himself and Mons r d'Aucaire 
had lately held to me upon that subject. For having, under pre- 
text of soliciting the delivrance of some prisoners of ihe religion, 
made a visitt to both, I purposely ministred occasion of discourse 
about the present troubles; which, they easily taking hold of, I 
first began to wish a happie accommodation of those differences, 
and then to implore either of their favorable healps; shewing it to 
be a matter that important not onely the particular good of this 
kingdom, but the generall weale of all christendome ; intimating 
unto them further what a great discouragement and disheartening 
it might be to his Ma tie the King of England, to see this King, 
upon whose friendship and assistance he partly built those great 
desseings he had in hand, embroyled in civil warres at home. For 
what great matter could be expected hence, when all should be in 
combustion. I therefore desired them to take into their serious 
consideration the consequence thereof, and to beware they imposed 
not upon his Majesty a necessity of taking new ' counsels. The 
Cardinal's answer was, La paix se ferd, Assurez vous de cela, 
D'Aucaire smilingly replyed: Que si le Roy d'Angleterre vouloit 
faire seulement une bonne mine d'assister le Roy contre ses rebelles, 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 209 

la paix seferoit bien-tost. And I demaunding whether it were not 
a sufficient demonstration, non pas par contenance mats par effect, 
that his Ma tie furnished so many ships to this King's service; 
Indeed that were something, answered he, if they were entirely at 
our owne commandment. Mais tant que les Anglois y seront les 
plus forts , on riosterajamais ceste impression de la testedes Roehelois, 
que le Roy d 1 Angleterre favorise leurs entreprises.. Mais pour tout 
cela vous verrez (avec I'ayde de Dieu) la paix faicte plus tost que vous 
ne croyez. I have made this digression, as judging these passages 
not unworthy your Lordship's knowledge. To returne where I 
left. 

To Schomberg and Herbault upon Sunday morning, the Deputies 
repaired. To these the question is propounded how they meant to 
treat ; for with all would breed confusion. They answer that 
three onely should speak, subsidiarily one to another; but all the 
others desired to be assistant. This was no way approved by the 
ministers who, by a distinction of the deputies, made this ouver- 
ture ; that those things which concerned the whole body of the 
religion should be represented by the Deputies generall onely ; those 
things which concerned the particulars, either of persons or places, 
from whom the others were deputed, should frame their cahiers 
apart without intermedling with ought that should be out of the 
circumference of their owne deputation, and present them by the 
hands of the Deputies general!. This was done out of this designe, 
to elude by that means the fiery zeale of some, newly arrived, who 
hottly pursued matters out of their sphere, which their fellowes 
before were content quietly to passe over, particularly the liberty 
of Montpellier, whence no speciall deputies are come, and wherupon 
the Generall would not so rigidly insist. This order nevertheless 
they obeyed, which hath been since changed, upon the perceyvance 
that the ministers have that the particular deputies, being many in 
number, give lawe unto the other, to that now three and three take 
their turne. Their demaunds are many being 22 in number, my 
last mentioned the most materiall. Divers wherof by the Deputies 

CAMD. SOC. 2 E 



210 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

then present are resolved to be buried in silence. One is further 
added that was not thought of at that tyme, but esteemed most 
essentiall now unto the peace, and that is that nothing be innovated 
in their townes of surety for the future; which is of that consequence 
that if they should not obteyne such a promise now, the King 
might, in October next when the terme of their last graunt expires, 
impose upon them in all such townes, governors and garrisons ; and, 
upon their refusal of obedience, pick a new quarrel against them, 
and after they should be disarmed invade them againe with a new 
warre, when they should be unprovided to resist. When this, and 
the razing of the ford of Rochel shalbe once accorded, I accompt 
the peace made ; for all other difficulties will certeinly be van- 
quished, though the liberty of Montpellier wilbe eagerly contested, 
and the pieces enclosed produced to fortifie the equity of that 
demaund. There was a pertinacity in some of insisting upon many 
other things ; but, upon the intreaty of some of their collegues, 
I have been an instrument to reduce them to better moderation, 
which I have done by letting them knowe first what an unseason- 
able conjuncture of tyme Soubize had tooke to beginn his enter- 
prise, which was sufficient to have ruinated utterly his Ma ties 
affaires; not onely with this King and state, but abroad likewise; 
then, what a just subject of offence was therby ministered; that 
they ought to consider how his Majesty was the best friend they 
had, and therefore it would be their wisdome to take heed that 
they did not by crosse and contrary courses provoke him to be 
their ennemy; that though his Ma 1 * were a pious and religious 
Prince that would be loth to see those of his owne profession any 
way oppressed; yet the Churches of Germany were equally, at 
least, considerable with those of France, towards whom all generous 
deseings would be made fruitlesse by their dissentions ; that they 
could not be ignorant of the infinite paynes and cost his Ma tie had 
been at, to unite divers Princes together for the common good ; of 
the excessive charges he had been at in preparing a fleet; the 
prosperous successe of both, which depended upon the peaceable 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 211 

constitution of this State, as being one principall report, wherupon 
many other wheeles moved. Conjured them to yield somewhat to 
the common good, somewhat to the particular contentment of his 
Ma tie . That, if their conditions were lesse advantageous now, 
tyme might worke such a further increase of good intelligence 
betwixt the two Crownes of England and France as his Ma ties sole 
intercession towards this King might rendre them better then they 
desired ; and if, in his consideration, they should depart with any 
of their right, it might -induce his Ma tie , in case of unjust and 
violent attempts heerafter upon them to the infringing of the 
peace, to take their cause the more neerly to heart, and to employ 
all fitting meanes to defend them from oppression. It prevayled 
so farre, as answer was made me, that if they could once see that 
the King and his ministers would proceed with them de bonne foy, 
they would be content to listen to my advice, and to passe by all 
that should not be found to be essentiall. 

Whilest these things are thus in treatye by two expresse courriers 
newes comes that the Duke d'Espernon hath begunne the desgast 
about Montauban, plucking up the vines; cutting downe the trees 
by the rootes, spoiling the corne and fyring the houses in the 
villages round about. Which yet they have not done gratis, for 
those of the towne sallying forth upon them have cutt them short 
of three or foure Hundred men. The newes of this desolation 
begetts a great deale of animosity in some of the deputies heer, 
in others apprehension, least it be done out of this fell designe 
against them, that when they, upon some plastred peace, shall have 
disarmed, and the store of provisions in Montauban beginne to 
faile, which can not be supplied out of theire owne territory, and 
may be interdicted from other parts, that then their ennemyes may 
suddainly come upon them, and so they exposed to the prey. A 
third sort of them wish that Soubize may rendre them the like 
measure, who now lies fitly for it having made a second descent 
upon the Bee d'Ambois, scituate between the two seas, as they call 
them, otherwise the two rivers of Garonne and Dordonne. The 



212 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

end of this landing was to give means to them of the religion, 
wherof those parts are full, to come and joigne themselves to ,him; 
but the news of Montaubans calamity may begett an appetite of 
revenge upon the territory of Bourdeaux, wherunto he is now a 
neer neighbour. 

Touching Mansfeld's enterteynement, I finde that all the Cardi- 
nal sayes is not gospel ; for two moneth's pay is yet behinde ; yet order 
is given for it, and mons r Villars, the said Mansfeld's agent, con- 
fident to receyve the mony sometyme the next week. 

The same Villars hath made great instance of late that Venice 
and Savoy may be by this King pressed to contribute their part for 
the future. The king answered that he had allready written to his 
Ambassadour at Venice to solicit it with all diligence; and would 
redouble his commaundment upon him that he should drawe from that 
State a speedy resolution. Of the Savoyard he sayd nothing, but 
this passage with his Embassadour was pretty brisque. Villars had 
contracted with him for the arrierages past at thirty thowsand 
crownes. The day was appointed for payment. When it came, all 
was forsooth turned to a jeast. Villars not liking to be thus scorned 
tould him he would acquaint the King with it, and sue for an 
arrest of so much mony out of that which is hence furnished to the 
Duke, his master in Italic ; and did it, in truth, so effectually as the 
King, seeing the Embassadour some two or three dayes since, told 
him that he had heard how he had compounded with Villars at 
such a rate; that he hoped he would make good his word, and that 
speedily, or els he would make stop of as much upon that which 
was to be sent to be sent to the Duke, his master. 

There is lately arrived here at Fountainbleau the Count of Ferens- 
back, who comes from Bethliem Gabor, with offers in his name, 
say some, of a puissant instance of horse and foote, if this King 
would personally march in the head of an army into Germany, 
there to make warre upon the House of Austria. But I rather 
think it is to tender his owne service and desire some employment 
from this King in those parts. He hath been with with Count 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH 213 

Schomberg, who hath promised to present him to the King 
and intercede for him a quick dispatch of the buisines he comes 
about. 

From Spaine they write that Sainct Salvador is taken back from 
the Hollanders, but heer it hath the face of more artifice than 
truth. 

Newes is freshly come, and with great diligence, to this Court, 
derived unto me from a very good and sure hand, that Aiqui a , a 
towne of the Duke of Mantova's, not farre from Alessandria, seized 
upon by the French in their expedition to Genua, to secure the 
passage upon their backs, is now sett upon by the Spaniard, Mons r 
de Cuilliac with 1 ,500 French, and 500 Valesans commanding in 
the place for the defence; which shewes sufficiently that the great 
moderation and temper which the Spaniards pretended at the first, 
proceeded onely from their owne feeblenes and weaknes. For now 
that they have gotten strength, they beginne to appeare, I hope to 
the facilitating and hastening of a domestique peace heer, which I 
beseech God to graunt, and so I doe that your Lordship may live 
and enjoy manny happie and prosperous years, as is and shalbe the 
centinuall prayer of your Lordship's 

most humble, most faithfull 

and most obedient servant 

THO. LORKIN. 

Fontaineblean 
This Tuesday evening, 
being July 8 th 1625, 
st. n. 

Poster [ipt] % 

This dispatch having stayed in my hands a day longer then* I 
expected by the delayes of Mr. Gourdon's voyage, I have found 
meanes to procure the Deputies speech, and am sure it is the first 
copie that hath been granted forth. The orator himself had a flatt 
refusall from his colleagues to delyver it to any whosoever. 

* Acqui. 



214 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

39. Captain Pennington to Sir John Coke. 
[Melbourne MSS.] 

1625, June 29. Hon ble Sir 

After 14 dayes ryding in the dangerous Eoade of Deepe to no 
purpose, we being as neare to accomplishment of our business the 
first houre we came thither as at our departure thence, which was 
yesterday morning, only we had our Admirall aboard of us, who is 
returned againe to the Court without setling or concluding any 
thing for our voyage, but tould us that the designe was merely 
against Mons r de Soubize, and demanded of us whether we would 
fight against him or no ; my answere to him ,was that I was readye 
to lay downe my life for the performance of the wordes and mean- 
ing of the contract, and to cause all that serve under my command 
(as much as in me lyes) to do the like : other answere I would not 
give him before I knew the plea [sure] of the State, and for this 
purpose I am chiefly come over to have my Lord Admirall's resolu- 
tions herein before I proceede any further, to which I earnestlie desire 
your favour to promise me with all the expedition you can, I ryding 
here at the Ness readie to returne presently if I be commanded. 
For should I take these men aboard, they dealing thus freely with 
us, and fall ofie when we come to the service ; it would be a scan- 
dale and dishonour to our nation. But they would have taken an 
order to prevent this, if I would have given way unto it, by over 
chargeing us with a great number of their owne people, and they yet 
stand upon it not to intertaine us in their service, but upon those 
termes, of which as of all other things touching this imployment I 
have written at large to my Lord Admirall, which I desyre you 
seriously to peruse, I not having tyme at present to acquaint you 
otherwise with it; but this gent[leman] and the captaines that 
come along with him wilbe able to declare the whole busines unto 
you. Thus once more earnestly intreated a speedie dispatch unto 
me that accordingly I may regulate my selfe; and so with my 
humble service desyering the continuance of your favour and good 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FKENCH. 215 

opinion of me, which I will ever studie and endevour to deserve, I 
humbly take my leave, and remaine ever 

Yo rs in all affection faithfully 
to serve you 

J. PENINGTON. 

From aboard the Vanguard 
by the Ness the 29 of June. 



40. Captain Pennington to the Earl of Pembroke. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I., iii. 99.] 

My right Hon ble good Lord, 1625> June 29 

Ryding here from Monday till Saturday without hearing any 
newes from the Court of France or receyving any word or message 
from any lyving soule that had power or authoritie concerning our 
imployment, then being impatient with our long stay in this 
dangerous place, I sent this gentleman Mr. Ingham post to the 
Court of France with a letter to Mons. Docquerre Secretarie to his 
Christian Majestic, whom I desired to acquaint with the contentes 
therof. Mr. Ingham meeting with Mr. Larking our English agent 
there acquainted him with the cause of his coming, who very care- 
fully and freely tooke the busines into his handes and returned me 
a dispatch of yt the 23 of this moneth with two letters the one 
from the King of France and the other from the sayde Secretarie ' 
Docquerre- ' The same evening late the Admirall of France 
Duke de Mommorency came here to the towne of Deepe, the next 
morning earely I sent all the captains and my lieutenant to kiss 
his harides and all our boates hansom lie furnished to bring him and 
his traine aboard, and with all a complement to excuse my not 
way ting on him in person, in regard I was constrayned to stay 
aboard to take order for his intertainement according to his rancke 
and qualitie, who tould them that he would goe aboard anon, but 
two howers after the weather being a litle foule with raine, he sent 
them word they might goe their way, for that he would not goe 



216 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

that day ; so they came all aboard. Yet about thre of the clocke 
in the afternoone, notwithstanding the raine, he came aboard with a 
great traine; where I received him in the best maner I could, our 
shippes haveing all their braverie abroad. At his coming aboard I 
welcomed him with elleaven peeces of ordnance and the rest of 
the shippes rateably, but I could not give him a volly of small shott 
(which I had readie) by reason of the raine. After he had vewed 
all the shippe and was returned backe to the greate cabin I gave 
him the best intertainement I could and after some litle tyme there 
spent he went his way to see the other shippes and at his going 
offe I gave him seaventeene peeces of ordnance he leaving aboard 
with me the Chevalier de Razilli with his Secretarie and two others 
to conferre with me about the shippe and voyage, not speakeing one 
word to me of it himselfe but left it wholly to them. 

These Commiss 1 " 8 thus lefte falling upon the busines, began first 
with the number of men that I should receyve in here, which 
they desyred should have bene three hundreth souldiers and 
mariners besyde his traine and then he fell to three hundreth in all, 
captaines, gentlemen, souldiers, and mariners, which they tould me 
the King of France had kept in pay these three monethes for this 
ship, of which number there were twelve captains for his consell 
and a great many of gentlemen of qualitie, which must all be 
accommodated with cabins if this shippe could affoard them- 
Notwithstanding the wordes of the contract allowed no more but 
the great cabin. My answere to this was that I could not admit 
aboard above the number of 60, I not having roome in hould for 
my oxvne provisions for my 250 men which I brought out of 
England with me. Then they pressed me to discharge parte of 
them, as a hundreth or a hundreth and fiftie and that I should have 
the benefit of their victuall and wages, and besydes that their 
King would thanke me otherwise. But all this could not drawe 
me to a further number or to breake the least part of the contract 
or my commission, much less to be a traitor to my King and 
countrie. When they could not prevaile with me in this, then 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 2 l7 

they would have had me to have taken in the men, and they would 
have provided patuches or small barkes to have carryed the 
provision of victualls for them. To which I alleadged that first 
this shippe was not able to containe them, having never carryed 
above this my number of 250, which is sufficient for service, and as 
many as she can conveniently carry without breeding infection and 
sickness among them, and that I durst not put a man of mine out, 
it being contrarie to the wordes of the contract. Secondlie that if 
wee should be seperated by extremitie of weather into what distresse 
they should be driven for want of victualls, for that I might not 
impart any unto them. Nevertheless they sayde that the whole 
300 should goe, as also 1400 for the other seaven shippes, and the rest 
that we could not take in should go in the sayde patachos with the 
victualls, this being their last resolution for this point which (under 
correction of Your Lordships better judgment) I hould it noe way 
for the safetie of our shippes : for that one tyme or other they will 
use meanes to get them aboarde to endevour to make themselves 
masters of our shippes, which is the only thing they ayme at, and 
sticke not to speake it publickly to some of the Captains' faces that 
we should not be their masters, neither was it honorable for their 
Admirall or themselves to put their heades under our girdles. 

The second point they fell upon was that their Admirall would 
have command of us all, both in this shippe and in the rest, and 
governe and execute the French lawes upon us as well as upon 
those of his owne nation, intending to use marshall la we over all. 
My answer to this was that I could not give him way for any 
further command here, than over myselfe, and that only for the 
managing of feightes and carrying him to such places as he should 
command me, and I to command all our owne people and provisions 
according to the wordes of the contract. 

Thirdly they declared unto me that their only designe was 
against Monsieur de Soubize, and demanded whether we would 
fieght against him or noe. My answere to this was, that I was 
readie to fieght against any and to lay downe my life for the per- 

CAMD. soc. 2 F 



218 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

formance of the wordes and meaning of the Contract, and to doe my 
best to cause my people and the rest of the Captaines and Companies 
to do the like. 

Fourthly that they did not understand by the wordes of the 
contract (howsoever I might interpret it) but that the provisions of 
powder, shott, and other munition should be furnished out of Eng- 
land at our Kings charge but yet when I shewed them the contract, 
and tould them that I had no more but for the garde of the shippe, 
of which I had spent a great part allreadie in salutations. And 
except I was furnished here I could not goe upon any service ; 
then they were content to furnish powder, and promised to get it 
from Paris : but for shott here was none, neither could they tell me 
where to have it, where of I must be furnished, as also of many 
other provisions of munition (which I have given them a note 
of ) or otherwyse I cannot proceede to effect any busines. 

These being the cheifest heades we treated upon, they tould me 
(seing they could not draw me to any thing) that the King of France 
should wry te to the King my master to cause me to f ullfill their 
desyre in all. And thus they went ashore from me to their Lord 
Admirall. The 24th of this moneth in the evening they appointed 
all the Captaines of the Merchants' shippes to be ashore with them 
the next morning, but the wind blew so high and weather so foule 
that they could not goe till towardes night, and^hen I sent to this 
gentleman to do my respects to the Admirall, and withall to let him 
know that we were not able to ryde longer in that dangerous Roade; 
we having allreadie taryed there 14 dayes (whereas we were 
promised by the French Ambassador that we should tarrie but one) 
to our greate damage by breakeing and galling our cables, and if it 
should have over blowne, it had bene as much as our lyves were 
worth, therefore desired that we might be dispatched or returne to 
some safe place upon our owne coste till they were readie for us ; 
but to this he returned litle answere, saying that he was to goe to the 
Court of France to acquaint the King how things stoode, anrl that 
he would returne as soone as he could, and that he would not have 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 219 

us to stirre ; with that answere this gentleman returned that night 
to me aboarde, but they kept the Captaines of the Marchants' shippes 
ashore with them all night, for they would have them to take in 
200 men apeece, and at last they came to 230 apeece, or else they 
must go along with him to Paris, with many threatening wordes 
and ill language. And the other 70 for each shippe to make uppe 
their 200 should be caried in pataches as aforesayde. Yet this they 
could not drawe them to, but they were contented to take in 50 
men apeece, which was more then they had authority to doe by a 
Commission from my Lord Admirall which I reade unto them. 
Howbeit that would not satisfy him, but he lefte them in a chafe. 
The 26 day after dinner he went away for Paris to acquaint the 
King as aforesayde without leaving any order for us in the world. 
Now the weather being so foule and likely to be worse, I wrote a 
letter to him that night and sent it ashore to be conveyed after him, 
whereby I advertised him that for the safety of our shippes we 
resolved to retyre our selves to our owne coste, where we should 
attend his further pleasure and be readie upon the first summons to 
repaire to the same place or to any other where he should appoint 
us. And upon these termes we weighed about 12 of the clocke at 
night with the tyde of ebbe and the wind at southwest and by south, 
and stode over west north west and west and by north hoping to 
gaine the isle of Wight but the wind vireing much westerly we 
were forced to stand away for the Ness with a purpose to tarrie 
there till I have a dispatch from my Lord Admirall. Now to 
leave her on her way and to returne a litle backe to Deepe, your 
Lordship may be pleased brieflie to understand they vilified and 
spoke disgracefullie on all our shippes, they have abused and 
threatened our people to turne them out of all, which I do verily 
believe they ment to have done if they could have obteyned their 
wills to have put as many of their men aboord as they desired, 
the greatest part of their souldiers being mariners in souldiers' 
habits with a purpose to delude us, and they had made all new 
officers of their mariners from the Captaine to the lowest officer 



220 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

that should have bene over us, this some of the better sort denyes 
not, but say they did it feareing we would not feight against Mon- 
sieur de Soubize which I do verily thinke we shall not, for all our 
people de sweare they wilbe hanged or throwne overboard before 
they will ever do it. Indeed there is not such a kennell of rancke 
pirately roages in all France as that place of Deepe affoardes, which 
abuseth the good nature of the Admirall of France who knowes 
nothing of the sea nor ever saw a peece of ordnance shott at sea 
before in his life, as he tould me aboard my shipp, but is only ruld 
and led by these picqueroning Captaines. Thus being prevented 
by tyme I leave all other relations to this gentleman the bearer, 
and only desire the continuance of your Lordship's favour and good 
opinion towardes me, which I will allwayes with my best endevors 
strive to meritt and ever remaine 

Your Lordships in all humblenes 

to do you service 
J. PENINGTON. 

From aboard the 
Vanguard neare the Ness 
the 29 th day of June 1625. 

41. The Duke of Chevreuse and M. de la Ville aux Clercs'to 

Louis XIII. 
[Harl.MSS. 4597, fol. 211.] 

Sire, 

1625, Nous avous receu ce matin la lettre du-6 de ce mois dont il a 

pleu a vostre Majeste m'honorer, au contenu de la quelle nous nous 
confbrmerons en ce qui regarde Madame de Sainct Georges et aux 
autres affaires dont vostre Majeste nous a chargez selon la connois- 
sance que nous avons de ses volontez qu'elle aura trouve assez 
advancees selon ce qui est porte en nostre precedente depesche : 
maintenant nous luy faisons cette cy en toute diligence pour in- 
former vostre Majeste qu'estant venu a nostre connoissance que les 
Navires Anglois s'estoient relaschez en ses costes de deja publians 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 221 

avoir este mal traictez en France, comme aussy par une depesche 
qui nous est venue de Dieppe les comportemens des capitaines des 
dits vavires nous nous en sommes plaincts a Monsieur le Due de 
Bouquinquam qui nous a promis, suivant ce qu'il avoit faict il y a 
deux jours de leur faire, faire commandement de retourner a larade 
de Dieppe, d'obeir a Mons, 1'Admiral, et recevoir en leurs bords 
autant de soldats qu'ils en pourront porter, s'expliquant neantmoins 
tres bien que les Anglois seront tousjours les maitres de la fidelite 
desquels il veut entrer pour plege: ce n'est pas a nous ny a juger de 
1'evenement ny a doubter de ses parolles, mais a la verite cela nous 
semble rude qu'il veuille entierement deferer sa croyance au dire 
des matelots sans avoir egard a ce que nous luy remonstrons, et 
qu'il veuille nous faire passer pour grace ce a quoy les capitaines 
des dits vaisseaux sont obligez, desquels nous apprehendons bien 
que vostre Majeste ne sera servie comme il se doit, ce que nous 
sommes obligez de luy mander pour nostre descharge, estant certain 
que le Parlement d'Angleterre plein de Puritains donne ce remue- 
ment et generallement tous ceux de ce pays y estant craint, et le 
dit Due y cherchant de 1'appuy, qui pour leur plaire est capable 
de choses fort esloignees de son bien, et qui pourroient contenter 
vostre Majeste, la quelle nous n'ennuirons pas d'un plus long entre- 
tien, seulement la supplierons nous de recevoir en bonne part nostre 
franchise et nous croire Sire 

De vostre Majeste 

Tres humbles tres obeissans &c. 
De Londres le dixiesme jour de Juillet 
mil six cens vingt cinq. 

42. Lord Conway to Captain Pennington. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. Addenda.] 
Sire, 

The French have made greevous complaints of you and your 1525, July 3. 
report of their accions, and your behaviour towards them hath ben 
seene. And while things suspend without further tryall, your 



222 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

relacion is well receaved saving in this point which they laye 
heavely to your charge, that you and your companie have given 
out that you have instruccions not to fight against the Protestants, 
which your letter seemes to contradict concerning your owne 
France.* But those rumors have given reason and creditt to 
demaund and presse a power over your shipps, or at least to have soe 
manie aboard each ship as may serve to beare sufficient witnes of 
the manner of your obeying the direccion that shall bee given you 
by the Admirall or his leutenant, and assist you in the execucion of 
of such service as shalbe commanded to you. Whereupon his Ma tie 
hath commanded mee to signifie his pleasure to you that you 
receave 60 men into your shipp of such ran[k] and qualitie as the 
Admirall shall thinke fitt, which his Ma tie conceaves by your 
relacion to bee as great a noinber as you can well receave : and that 
each of the other 7 shipps doe raceave accordinge to the rate of 50 
to every shipp, beinge the nomber the Captaines consented to, the 
distribucion to bee leaft to themselves accordinge to the capacitie of 
the shipps. 

And further his Ma ts pleasure is that you and the rest of the 
shipps obey entirely the commandement of the most Christian Kinge 
his Admirall, or Lieutennant, in resistinge or attemptinge anie 
person or persons that they shall direct you against. This is the 
charge I have receaved, which you are to take for warrant to obey 
it. Havinge noe further charge, I remaine 

Yours. 

43 The French Ambassador's Protest against the Owners and 

Masters of the ships imploied in the French Kings service. 

[State Papers, France.] 

1625, July 4. I John Emans, Notary and Tabellion publick of the Citty of 
London, by authority of the Kinges Majesty our souveraigne Lord 
admitted and sworne by order and in the name of the ryght honour- 

a Sic. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 223 

able Lord Anthony Ruze Marquis of Effiat, Councellor of the.moste 
Christian Kinge in his Councell of Estate, Knyght of his Majestes 
orders, yrste Gentleman of his hyghnes horsses and his Ambassador 
extraordinary in this realme of England, doe hereby notifye and 
make knowne unto you the Captayne and owners of the shippe 
called the Pearle : that whereas on the 25 th daye of the moneth of 
March laste paste the said Ambassador by meanes of the Comis- 
sioners for the Navy of his Majesty of Greate Brittany did passe and 
make an aggreemente for the freyghting of the said shippe for the 
service of his moste Christian Majesty, whereby it tis aggreed that 
the said shippe is to be of the burthen of fcwre hundred and fyfty 
tonnes in tonne and tonnage, and that shee should have 70 personnes 
for the guydinge and gouverninge of her, whereof 12 should be 
Gunners and that his moste Christian Majesty or his Ambassador 
should putt on board the said shippe such a Commander and as 
many soldiers as shee could reasonably carry, and that the said 
shippe should serve his sayd moste Christian Majesty againste whome- 
soever excepte the Kinge of Greate Brittany. Nowe so itt is, the 
said shippe being comme to the coaste of France, itt appeareth that 
the burthen of the said shippe is putt greater than shee is, or ells 
for the raysing of the freyght to a greater somme you have over- 
charged the said shippe with marriners, whereby the intente which 
his moste Christian Majesty hadd to putt into her as many soldiers 
as he should fynd good for performance of the service for which she 
was hyred and appointed is becomme frutelesse and hindered, not- 
withstandinge the greate sommes of monny which have benne payd 
unto you for the freyght of the said shippe and which you are yett 
to have for the reste of the tyme that shee was hyred for : allso 
contrary to the aggreemente you doe refuse to take in the soldiers 
which are to be putt aboard and to goe where you are appointed, 
and lykewyse withoute any order or consente of his sayd moste 
Christian Majesty his Admiral or officers, the said shippe is comme 
from the Coaste of France to this Realme of England all to the 
greate damage and prejudice of his Majesty and his service. By 



224 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

reason whereof I doe proteste againste you the said Captayne and 
owners and every one of you and all others that itt doeth or maye 
concerne and againste your shippe and goods, that his sayde 
moste Christian Majesty doeth not onely purpose to stoppe and 
cause to be de'tayued the monethes paye which you are nowe to 
receave before hand and the other payements which shall followe, 
butt allso in case you doe not take speedy order herein, to pretend 
and recouver of you and of your goodes all the sommes of monny 
whicli have benne payd unto you, and which you have receaved 
before hand in regard you have not performed the said aggree- 
mente accordinge to the true intente and meaninge thereof, 
togeather with all costes damages and interestes which by your 
deffault already are and hereafter shalbe suffered and sustayned. 
Butt yf you doe speedely remedy this deffault and yf your shippe 
doe the service which shee is bound to doe and for which shee was 
hyred I doe lett you knowe that not onely this monethes paye butt 
all the others shalbe payd unto you in dewe tyme withowte any 
delaye accordinge to the tennor of the said aggreemente. 

On this daye the fourth of July A 1625 abowte Twelve of the 
Clock att noone, I the said Notary didd reade and notifie the 
premisses unto Anthony Tuchin Captayne of the said shippe the 
Pearle, who havinge understood the same requyred a coppy thereof 
which I delyvered unto him. Donne in the presence of Michaell 
Lucas Secretarye of the Chamber of his moste Christian Majesty 
and of the Ambassage of the said Lord Ambassador and John Marius 
Clarke of me the said Notarye as witnesses. 

44. The Duke of CJievreuse and M de la Ville aux Clercs to 

Louis Xfll. 
[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 218.b] 

Sire, 

1625, July ^. Enfin apres une longue poursuite nous avons obtenu ce que vostre 
Majeste pouvoit desirer sur le faict des vaisseaux, et le Roy de la 
Grande Bretagne en escrit a vostre Majeste tesmoigne qu'ii veut que 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 225 

vous soyez maistre de ses navires : la patience a gagne* cela, car au 
commencement que nous nous pleignismes tout nous fut refuse, et 
le contenu des contracts voulait que nous receussions en grace les 
quels bien entendus donnent ce qui est accorde, mais maintenant 
1'affaire est plus esclaircie et vostre Majeste peut disposer de cet 
armetnent de la sorte qu'elle estimera le devoir faire. Aux autres 
affaires qui nous retiennent de de9a demain en aurons eu resolution 
et tost apres nous partirons, Monsieur D'Effiat par Dieppe pour y 
conduire luy mesme les vaisseaux, et nous par Boulogne ayant desire 
le dit Sieurque nous nous separassions, afin que par Tauctorite qu'il 
s'est acquise sur les capitaines des dits navires il les porte a obeir 
et que le tout soit accommode, levant les difficultez qui se peuvent 
rencontrer. Nous envoyons aussy au dit Dieppe quarante pieces de 
fer pour le service de vostre Majeste" qui ordonnera s'il luy plaist 
que le Sieur Bourlemaky soit rembourse de 1'advance et satisfaict 
des autres prests esquels il est entre" pour le fret des navires, a quoy 
tous nous, nous sommes obligez afin que cette seconde difficulte ne 
illudast (?) le partement. Cette depesche a quelque chose de con- 
traire a nostre precedente, mais ceux de de9a ayant change nous 
sommes contrainctes de suivre leurs mouvemens, et en ce particulier 
avec joye, vostre Majeste" en ayant advantage, aupres de la quelle 
esperbns de nous rendre bientost. Nous ne Timportunerons point 
de milles parti cularitez qui luy doivent estre dites sur 1'establisse- 
ment de la Royne sa soeur, et ce que nous avons reconneu en cet 
estat ou le parlement ira tousjours buttant les intentions de vostre 
Majeste centre les Catholiques, le quel peut trop, et des hier ils 
demanderent Pexecution des loix qu'ils n'obtindrent pas a ce qui 
nous a este rapporte; le Roy de la Grande Bretagne s'estant con- 
tente de leur dire qu'il adviseroit sur leur demande; ce qui nous 
blesse c'est que ceux que vostre Majeste" a obligez ne traictent pas 
comme ils doivent, et au lieu d'estre pour le traicte' nous advangant* 
des discours contre, mais cela voulant un long entretien nous le 

Sic. 1 adyancent. 
CAMD. SOC. 2 G 



226 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

remettons a la vive voix, et cependant nous nous contenterons de 
prier Dieu qu'il comble le regne de vostre Majeste de milles bene- 
dictions et luy donner Sire en parfaicte sante tres longue et heureuse 
vie. 

Nous somraes obligez de dire a vostre Majeste que Monsieur le 
Due de Bouquingham a ce jourdhuy temoisgne lors que le Roy a 
bailie la lettre des vaisseaux toute sorte de bonne volonte 
A Bichemont le 19 jour de Juillet 1625. 

45. Louis XIII. to the Duke of Chevreuse M. de la Ville aux Clercs 

and the Marquis of Ejfial. 

[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 221.] 

1625 J 1 * Mon Cousin et vous Messieurs de la Ville aux Clercs et d'Effiat. 
J'ay receu vos lettres des 7 et 1 de ce mois par les quelles j\y veu 
que quelque instance que vous ayez faicte de ma part sur le faict 
des vaisseaux Anglois vous n'avez peu obtenir ce que je jugeois 
e?tre necessaire pour mon service et contentement, et que les ministres 
du Roy de la Grande Bretagne mon frere s'arrestent a la teneur des 
contracts. Je les ay faict revoir et apres les avoir bien considerez 
je ne voy pas que je puisse en estre bien servy pour les conditions 
qu'ils desirent, car lorsque mon Cousin de Montmorency a este" a 
Dieppe les visiter, 1' Admiral Peniton luy a tesmoigne qu'il ne pou- 
voit recevoir que sa personne et jusques a quarante de son train, 
et disrent ouvertement quils ne pouvoient combattre contre les 
Rochellois et Huguenots leurs amis. Cette response tesmoigne bien 
en effect qu'ils manquent de bonne volonte et veullent estre les 
maistres sur leurs vaisseaux et les plus forts en commandement, ce 
que estant, ce seroit grande imprudence de s'en servir, non seulement 
parce que Ton n'en pourroit recevoir d'utilite, mais pour ce qu'ils 
pourroient par leur mauvaise volonte* desbaucher les autres qui sont 
desja joincts a mon armee navalle; estant done informez de ma reso- 
lution et des raisons qui m'y portent, vous traicterez cette affaire par 
vostre prudence et bonne conduite le plus judicieusement et dextre- 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FKENCH. 227 

ment que vous pourrez et si ne pouvez vous empescher de faire 
connoistre les justes sujets que j'ay de me passer des dits vaisseaux 
Anglois puis quails sont publics, et que chacun scait les mauvais 
discours que les Anglois ont tenuz en France confirmez a mon dit 
Cousin de Montmorency de vive voix et par escrit signe des chefs 
en son proces verbal qu'il m'a faict voir pour sa descharge, il suffira 
que les raisons pour les quelles je ne me veux servir des dits vaisseaux 
soient dites seulement au Koy de la Grande Bretagne mon frere et 
a mon cousin le Due de Bouquingham, sans en faire plus grand 
bruict en Angleterre, ains tesmoigner publiquement n'avoir aucun 
mescontentement, disans que je ne m'en sers par ce que j'en ay 
assez d'autres, je desire que vous teniez ce precede pour 1'honneur 
et la reputation du Roy mon frere a la quelle sans double on trou- 
veroit a redire si 1'on voyoit que je refusasse les sus dits vaisseaux 
par les dures conditions que Ton m'a proposees, il y a grande ap- 
parence que le Roy mon dit frere ne voudra pas que je demeure 
avec un si juste degoust et par consequent qu'il se pourra faire que 
touche d'autre sentiment il me renvoyera les dits vaisseaux avec 
ordre a son Admiral et officiers de recevoir absolument la loy du 
mon dit Cousin de Montmorency pour y mettre tant de gens qu'il 
me plaira, faisant de 1'Angleterre avant leur retour oster la pluspart 
des Anglois et victuailles qui sont dessus. Si le Roy mon dit frere 
a cette volonte en ce cas vous accepterez le renvoy des dits vaisseaux 
pourveu que j'en sois le maistre absolu et ce plus par civilite que par 
necessite que j'en aye. A quoy vous pourrez encore adjouster de 
vous mesmes beaucoup d'autres bonnes et fortes raisons pour faire 
connoistre quelle entree d'alliance c'est de n'avoir accorde en ap- 
parence un secours de vaisseaux que 1'on refuse en effect par des 
conditions que propose telles quelles ne compatissent pas avec ma 
dignite et reputation, ce que vous ferez entendre comrne de vous 
mesmes presupposant tousjours, comme c'est chose veritable, que je 
desire me passer des dits vaisseaux (et en effect je le veux faire si 
1'on demeure aus dites conditions proposees) et particulierement 



228 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

vous Sieur d'Effiat devez agir, puis que vous vous trouvez interesse 
en cette affaire, pour n'avoir bien conceu le marche des dits vaisseaux 
et souffert cette derniere clause de restrinction qui destmict les 
premieres, vous y trouverez peut estre quelques difficultez, et sur ce 
pressez pour le payement des ditz vaisseaux aux termes portez par 
les marchez et contracts encore que je ne m'en vueille pas servir, u 
cela vous ne manquerez pas de raisons qui doivent aboutir toutes, 
que si je pouvois m'en servir, et que je n'eusse volonte de le faire, 
il seroit raisonnable de satisfaire aux contracts mais si voulant m'en 
servir et le Roy mon frere ne le desirant pas par la rigeur des con- 
ditions desraisonnables que Ton propose, il n'y a pas apparence de 
demander le payement d'iceux et n'y puis estre justement tenu, 
c'est ce que vous aurez a dire et representer de ma part eur le sujet 
des ditz vaisseaux demeurant au surplus tres satisfaict du soin que 
vous avez rendu pour 1'establissement de la maison de la Royne de 
la Grande Bretagne ma soeur et du soulagement que IPS Catholiques 
ont receu par vostre entremise en 1'execution des promesses qui 
concernent leur repos et contentement. Sur ce je prie Dieu qu'il 
vous ait mon Cousin et vous Messieurs De la Ville aux Clercs et 
d'Effiat en sa saincte garde. 

Escrit a Fontainebleau le 20 Jour de Juillet 1625 ainsy signe 

Louis. 

POTIER. 

46. Lord Conway to Captain Pennington. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 33.] 

Sir, 

1625, July 10. His Majesties express pleasure is that you take knowledge that hee 
hath leaft the command of his Shipps under your charge unto his 
deere brother the most Christian Kinge, and that therefore you 
receave into those shipps soe manie persons as that Kinge shall bee 
pleased to putt into them and to bee continued there dureinge the 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 229 

time of the Contract. And this you are to obey intirely with the 
greatest moderacion aud discretion you can This beinge that I have 
in charge from his Majestic I recommend ^t to you as your warrant 
and remaine 

Your assured freind to serve you 

E. Cox WAY. 

Hampton Court 
Julie 10, 1625. 

47. The captains of the merchant ships to Lord Conway. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 37 ] 

Right Honorable, 

For that wee have maney reasons to suspecte there was a resolu- 1625, July 11, 
cion in some principall officers of seamen of his most Christian 
Majestic to dispossess us of our ships and goods and soe to make 
themselves masters of them and us, contrary to the condicions con- 
cluded upon by our Charterpart, and for that wee are uncertayne 
how far forth that designe might have trenched into the lyves and 
safties of our selves and our people, or otherwayes have touched 
upon the duties and alegence wee owe unto our Soveraigne Lord 
the Kinges most excellent Majestic, to whom the principall care and 
interest doth most belonge : wee have thought it fitt in the civillest 
manor we could for the present, to quit the coast of France and in , 
the meane while humbly to desire your Honor that some such course 
may be taken for our farther securityes as should bee thought fitt 
in his Majesties royall wisdome, for wee see it is not sufficient for us 
to have anie merchants tyed for the performance of anie thinge con- 
cluded upon betweene the state of a Soveraigne Majestic and that 
of simple subjects; in as much as wee perceave already the mer- 
chantes that were undertakers for our security were prohibited from 
disbursing our wages due unto us (but at their perills); if soe, then 
what hope remaines for us that wee shalbe fairely delt withall, when 
all is in their handes, and wee turned over to be suiters for our re- 



230 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

compence of damages, in reward of our great charge and losse 
sustayned : and under correction wee cannot but marvell they should 
desire to put aney such extraordinary nombers of theirs aboard us 
as they have offered when they hyer us as men of warr, but that 
they doe ether suspecte our valore, our fidelities, or abilities to 
performe anie thing to be required of us ; if soe, then this is not 
the way to give them their ends they ayme at, for from suspected 
persons,- or persons under guard, they must looke for nothinge 
ells but practises continually arysinge thorowe jelousies or mis- 
interpretacions of all actions or accidents that shall happen, especially 
when it is betweene nations of severall language and severall religion 
(such as wee are); and therefore to prevent all evills of this kinde (under 
favor) wee conceave it much better that they should give us leave to 
serve them with our owne forces, and soe to subject ourselves onely 
to the comandes and direccions of such their Admirallsor Generalls 
as shalbe asigned to have the charge of the service, as heretofore 
was accustomed when wee served them in anie their warrs : if then 
anie omission or fault were comitted by us or aney of us lett the 
offender suffer condingly for it, accordinge to the lawes and cus- 
tomes of all nations ; soe shall they be free from givinge us cause of 
offence and wee from excuse (if wee performe not our duties, ether 
accordinge to our covenantes or accordinge to the lawes and orders 
wee submitt ourselves to obey when wee shall be joyned to the rest 
of the Fleete, or to be devided into a squadron by ourselves at the 
Generall's pleasure : but howesoever there wilbe noethinge more 
looked for by us, then that wee maye be made (in some sort) 
acquainted with the enemy against whom wee are to bee ymployed, 
that wee may make our provisions accordingly, both in respecte of 
the coaste wee are to keepe, and the meanes wee are to use offensive 
or deffensive, aswell as for the health and comfort of our people, 
and to take order for supplies duringe the tymes of our ymploy- 
ments under his most Christian Majestic, and for sufficient pro- 
visions for our home comeinge when wee shalbe discharged from 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 231 

thence, all which wee referre to your Lordshipp more grave and 
serious consideracion and ever rest 

Your Lordshipp in all humble 

Service to be comanded 
FERD. GORGES. ANTHONY TUTCHEN, 
PETER WHITE, 
JASPER DARE. 

Dated this 11 th of 
July 1625. 

48. Sir John Coke to Lord Conway. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 40. ) 
Eight honorable, 

The Captains Masters and Owners of the ships lately returned 1625, Jnly 11. 
from the service of the French, have acquainted mee that the 
Ambassador hath not only protested against them as breakers of the 
contract but also importuned his Majeste to put them and their 
ships by his royal commandement into the power of their people, 
by receaving as manie French as they will send aboord. For the 
protest they tel mee they are readie to answer it in a legal course 
when it shal bee pursued, and dowbt not to justifie their performance 
in everie poinct of the contract: Besids they wil shew that they 
are now freed from anie further ingagement in this service, because 
the Ambassador hath broken his daies of paiment and their men 
without pay, wil not bee kept on boord nor the owners supplie their 
cables and anchors worn and lost by staying their ships, contrarie 
to promise, uppon a desperate road on that coast: but that which 
dishartneth them most is the insolent careage of the French, who 
plainly have professed that they wil bee masters of their ships: that 
the[y] wil execute their marshal laws uppon their persons: and 
that they will imploy both ships and men against them of our 
religion. For their ships the* owners say that they are their 
freeholds, to which they have no less right then other subjects 
to their howses and possessions, and therfore thowgh they owght and 

They in MS. 



232 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

are readie to employ then in his Majestes service, yet to have them 
put into the powr of strangers, or to bee required to serve with, 
uppon other conditions then they agree unto, and without sufficient 
securitie to bee saved harmless, they hold it not agreeable either to 
precedents of former times or to the laws of this land, and therfore 
they appeale therin to his Majestes justice and to his protection in 
their right. Then for their persons they say al they are English 
free born and know the inveterate malice of the French, and there- 
fore wil not dishoner our nation and blemish in a sort their allege- 
ance to his Majeste by putting themselves so farr into French 
jurisdiction that they shal not have power to redeeme his Majestes 
honor and their own from such attempts against them as they have 
cawse to mistrust. And lastly for serving against them of our 
religion, it is verie wel known that our seamen generally are most 
resolute in our profession : and theis men have expressed it by their 
common petition to their Admiral and otherwise by protestation, 
that they wil rather bee killed or thrown overboord then bee forced 
to shed the innocent blood of anie protestants in the quarrels of 
papists : so as they wil accompt anie commandment to that end to 
bee in a kind, an imposition of martyrdom: and so the frute to bee 
expected of this service on our part is the casting away of the ships 
and of the men and the beginning of a breach betwixt the two 
nations ; and on their part our engagement against our own partie 
and the cutting of al relation of their protestants to us, which 
happily is the cheif end of pressing this business ; ther appearing 
no other, they can reasonablv propounde. To which if wee add 
the discouragement of our partie at home and abroad; the late 
murmuring against it in Parliament and the open exclaming made 
in the pulpits, that this taking part against our own religion, is one 
cheif cawse of Gods hand that now hangeth over us : a wee can 
hardly balance theis consequences with anie interest or assistance 
wee can have from the French, whose own ingagements without 
straining on our side are the only occasions of advantage to bee 

* A reference to the plague. 



THE LOAN OP SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 233 

expected from their good wil. But because it may bee objected 
that his Majeste was engaged by promise, and that the contract may 
seeme to import the lending of their ships to serve the French King 
against whomsoever his Majeste of England only excepted, and that 
with libertie to put aboord them as manie French as they should 
thinck fit: thowgh this article being framed according to the 
woords and intention of the Venetian contract owght to be strained 
no further then that was to a common enemie, and thowgh his 
Majestes allies and such as are interested in his favor are duly 
included in the exception of the King of Great Brittaine which 
cannot be restrained to his person alone ; and thowgh the cautions 
annexed in both theis articles clearly free our Captains from taking 
in more then the ships may conveniently carie with saftie and 
health, which wil exclude the numbers the French do press for, yet 
if his Majestic in his royal wisdom shal thinck fit to write his 
mandatorie letters to the Admiral to proceed with his fleet for such 
service as the French King shal thinck fit, and to receave aboord 
everie ship as manie French as hee shal appoinct, yet if the letters 
may bee written but with this pressing clawse that if hee can 
not presently obey this direction by reason of anie interruption 
whatsoever, that hee forthwith acquaint his Majeste therwith that 
hee may give order to remove it, and so take away al excuse for not 
accomplishing the intended gratification to his deer brother the 
French King. Then this clawse wil give time and crave from 
them a true declaration of their due performance of the contract, 
of the breach on the French part of the shortness of their companies, 
of their wants of fit supplies, and of al impossibilities to performe 
the expected service. And if the Ambassador theruppon thinck fit 
to prosecute his protestation, hee may bee left to take his remedy by 
law, and the subjects in like sort to justifie their proceedings, wherin 
no exception can bee taken to his Majeste who hath really performed 
al they can require, and the issue doth not answer their desire 
which appeare justly to fall upon themselves and al the il effects 

CAMD. SOC. 2 H 



234 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

wil bee prevented which the changing of the first intention of this 
service would produce. Only some care would bee taken after his 
Majestes letters written that Sir Ferdinando Gorges who attendeth 
this business and purposeth to go aboord his ship to the rest of the 
fleete may receave some directions for the careage of their answers, 
that Capt. Penington by the unexpected stile of his Majestes letters 
may not bee surprisd, which I leave to your Honor's wisdom: and 
so having delivered my poore opinion by writing because, wanting 
a convenient lodging in town, I am driven to my howse at 
Tottenham. 

I humbly rest 

At your Honor's service 

JOHN COKE. 

London 

11 th July 1625. 

49. The King of France to Captain Pennington. 
[State Papers, France.] 

1625, July ^. Mons r de Penington, J'ai eu bien agreable Padvis que le S r 
d'Efnat m'a donne du comraandement que le Roy de la Grande 
Bretagne mon bon frere vous a faict pour 1'embarquement des capi- 
taines et soldats Francois que j'ay faict leves pour mettre dans ses 
vaisseaulx, ne doubtant point que 1'ayant recu vous n'executiez 
entierement ses volontez et mes intentions aussy, ou que je retire le 
service que je me suis promis de vous et de votre flotte, desirant 
que sans aulcun retardement vous vous rendiez pres de mon cousin 
le Due de Montmorancy, et vous joigniez a mon armee navalle le 
plustost qu'il vous sera possible pour ne perdre 1'occasion de prandre 
part aux rencontres qui se pourroient faire centre mes subjects 
rebelles, priant Dieu qu'il vous ayt, Mons r de Penington, en sa sainte 
garde. Escrit a Fontainebleau le xxiii 6 Jour de Juillet 1625. 

Louis. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 235 

4 

50. The Duke of Buckingham to Captain Pennington. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 69.] 

Pennington, 

I would have you hasten with all speede to Diepe with his 1695, July 16. 
Majestes and the rest of the shipps there to meete with Mons. 
d'Effiat the French King's Ambassador, and to performe my master 
the King of Englands pleasure signifyed by lettre from my Lord 
Conway And soe I rest 

Your loving freind 

G. BUCKINGHAM. 

Rochester 
16 Jnlij 1625. 

51. Edward Nicholas* to Captain Penington. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 66.] 
Noble Captaine 

With this you will receave a lettre from my Lord to repayre 1625, July 16. 
presently with the first opportunity to Diepe and to bring thither 
with you both his Majestes shipp (which is under your chardge) and 
alsoe the seven Merchauntes shipps which wore to attend her for 
the service of the King of Fraunce. I am comaunded by my Lord 
to goe thither alsoe with Mons. d'Effiat to see his Majestes pleasure 
signifyed by my Lord Conwey put in execucion. I am not to make 
any long stay att Dieppe, neither will the Ambassador willingly, 
and therefore I hope you will hasten thither, when I shall have 
leasure to speake with you more att large and to assure you that 
I am 

Your faith full freind 

and servaunt 
EDW: NICHOLAS. 

Maidstone 
16 Julij 1625. 

Secretary to the Duke of Buckingham, now sent to Dieppe. 



236 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

My Lord Ambassador commaundeth me to desire you to hasten 
to Diepe the next tyde after the receipt hereof and not to forgett 
the Neptune. He would wryte himself but that he hath seene this 
lettre and hopeth to see you monday night att Diepe. Yours 

EDW: NICHOLAS. 



53. Edward Nicholas to the Duke of Buckingham* 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iy. 58.") 

1625, May it please your Grace, 

The weight and consequence of the busines wherein it hath 
pleased you to employ me being in my poore understandinge 
worthy of your Grace's serious consideracion I thought good by 
this only to put you in minde of it, and to beseech you to give 
present order that there may be some safe course taken for your 
warrant and discharge ; for I believe the caution that wilbe given 
for the restitucion of the shipps wilbe nothing worth, because with- 
out a breach of peace with Fraunce there can hardly be any 
recovery of whatsoever sommes the Ambassadors doe engage them- 
selves for in the name of their King : and albeyt this be our King's 
owne goodnes and affeccion to the French, yet it wilbe conceaved 
by all that it hath bene your worke principally to perswade his 
Majestic into it, 1 perceave the Ambassador will hasten to make a 
dispatch of this busines, and cares not much att what price (soe 
longe as it stands only on engagement and not present performaunce) 
he getteth these shipps into the possession of his Masters ministers, 
the want of present pay for the mariners will be noe groat difficulty 
for, rather than it shall, I beleeve he will gett mony for them att 
Diepe or security to their full contentment. I beseech your Grace 
to lett me heare from you as soone as may be that my inexperience 
in such businesses misleade me not for want of instruccions. The 
Ambassador sent a courryer Friday night to Capt. Penington to 
meete att Diepe with all the shipps this night, and his Lordshipp 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 237 

is now reddy to embarke. I will never be wanting in faith and 
dilligence to approve myself 

Your Grace's 

most humble and obedient 



53. The Duke of Chevreuse and M. de la Ville aux Clercs to 
Louis XIII. 

[Harl. MSS. 4597, fol. 220.] 

Sire, 

Quand ce courrier arriva et qu'il nous rendit la lettre dont il a 1625, July 
pleu a vostre Majeste nous honorer, 1'affaire des vaisseaux estoit 
desja terminee, ainsy que vostre Majeste* aura peu voir par nostre 
precedente depesche, ce qui nous a empesche d'en plus parler, esti- 
maiit que vostre Majeste avoit entier contentement ; mais du depuis 
pressez de partir demandant les depesches il s'y est rencontre deg 
difficultez, les quelles toutesfois ont este surmonte's par 1'affection 
que le Due de Bouquinquam y a porte*, le quel toutesfois s'est trouve 
esbransle par diverses raisons qu'on luy representeroit et ceux mesmes 
qui doivent da vantage a vostre Majeste", le service de la queile nous 
estant en singuliere recommendation estimant qu'il y alloit de la 
reputation si elle n'avoit contentement au faict des dits navires, 
nous a portez a prier Monsieur le Marquis d'Effiat d'aller a Dieppe 
avec eux et la selon 1'ordre qui leur est donne* y passer un nouveau 
contract par lequel ainsy qu'il est convenu vostre Majeste sera 
maistre absolu des dits navires, le project du quel nous envoyons 
a, vostre Majeste afin qu'il luy plaise le considerer et mander en 
diligence au dit Sieur Marquis ce qu'il aura a faire, prenant sa 
resolution sur 1'estat present de ses affaires, les quelles voulant que 
vostre Majeste soit armee a la mer ne pourront que la porter k les 
retener sans s'arrester a quelque augmentation de frais qui, considerez 
au service, ne peuvent entrer en compte, ou bien pour les temps 
convenu vostre Majeste pourra les garder et sans en estre maistre 
dbsolu en tirer le service qu'elle s'en peut promettre qui n'aprochera 



238 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

de pres a ce qui en peut estre attendu, vostre Majeste se resolvant 
de continue! le fret au prix arreste et ne laisser de les charger de 
matelots et soldats Fran9ois, les ordres donnez par le Roy de la 
Grande Bretagne et par le dit Due sont clairs et absoluz, et toutes 
fois nous ne laissons d'apprehender quelques nouvelles difficultez du 
coste des capitaines, les quels quoy que imaginees par le dit Marquis 
ainsy que de nous ne 1'ont pas empesche de continuer sa premiere 
resolution et s'en mettre au hazard pour essayer a rendre ce service 
a vostre Majeste, la quelle s'il luy plaist luy depeschera en toute 
diligence et luy fera scavoir sa volonte, specifiant par le detail ce 
qu'il aura a faire, nous esperons qu'il y servira bien vostre Majeste, 
et qu'elle agreera ce que nous ayons faict, ny ayant eu autre objet 
que son service, au quel nous ne manquerons jamais y estans attachez 
par nos naissances et nos devoirs estans. 



54. The Duke of Buckingham to Captain Pennington. 
[Domestic, Charles I. Addenda.] 

1625, July 18. Captaine Penington 

I have sent this bearer my Secretary to see his Ma ts pleasure 
signifyed by lettre from my Lord Conwey put in execucion which 
is for the delivery over of his Mat's and the rest of the shipps unto 
the hands of such French men as the King of Fraunce shall appoint, 
that they may put into them soe many men as they shall thinke 
good, and dispose af them as the said most Christian King shall 
direct, and I have agreed with the Ambassadors of Fraunce that 
they give yow and the rest of the shipps according to a full vallu- 
acion for them and all the furniture and provisions in them. The 
forms of the obligacion and security we are agreed on to be accord- 
ing to the coppy of what my Secretary shall shew unto yow under 
their hands : and because the Duke of Chevreux and Monsieur de 
la Villeaux clercs goe not along in company with the Marquis 
d'Effiat, they have given him a procuracion under their hands to 



THE LOAN OF SHIFS TO THE FRENCH. 239 

give security for himself and them jointly and severally. They are 
likewise to be bound to give direccion to Burlemach to give two 
monthes pay for all the shipps as soone as they are delivered. I 
would have you to use all dilligence and discrecion herein as you 
respect his Ma ts service. And soe I rest 

Your loviag friend 

G. BUCKINGHAM. 

Rochester: 18 
Jnlii 1625. 

55. Captain Pennington to the Duke of Buckingham. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iy. 78.] 

May it please your Grace, 

I have even now received a letter from your Grace with fatricte 1625, July 18. 
command presentlie to goe for Diepe, and to carry with me the rest 
of the merchants' shippes, which I am instantly readie to obey, but 
having called their masters aboard and declared your Grace's 
pleasure therein, they desired to speake with their companies, and 
they all absolutely deny to stirr from hence before their captaines 
come. Notwithstanding I have reade your Graces letter unto them 
and made knowne his Majesties pleasure, so as I must be forced 
either to goe together by the eares with them, or goe without 
them, which I am resolved to doe if their captaines come not 
this night : also that your Grace wilbe pleased to remember I have 
not above 48 barells of powder aboard, litle shott, noe fire workes 
and never a sworde, save only my selfe and a few gentlemen. 
Furthermore I understand that his Majesties pleasure is, that his 
shippe wherein I serve, as also the reste of the marchants' shippes 
be wholly at the disposing of the most Christian King, and that 
they are to bring in as many of their owne nation as they will, and 
we to be wholly under their command, insomuch as the Commission 
that I have from your Grace is totally annihilated. For myiie 
owne part, it is to difficult a busines lor me to wade through, and 



240 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

therefore I humbly desire that your Grace wilbe pleased to call me 
home, and to send some other more able for it who may better 
goe upon these termes then my selfe; in regard they are allready 
discontented with me for that I would not formerly yeild to 
their desires, which I thought to be wonderous unreasonable 
and contrarie to *the orders I had from his Majestic and your 
Graces commission : but now all is layde open unto them aswell for 
the fieghting against any that they will have us, as also for govern- 
ing us after the French la we, and indeed e in making us their slaves 
as they formerly tould us; which for my part I hope never to be. 
Therefore I humbly beseech your Grace to appoint some other for 
the command I now have, for that I will rather put my life upon the 
King's mercy at home then goe upon these termes. But howsoever 
I will carry the shipp over according to your Graces command and 
there attend the returne of this bearer and further order to whom I 
shall deliver over my command. Moreover your Grace may be 
pleased to take notice that I have a strange uprore in my shippe 
amongst my owne companie, upon this newes of going over againe ; 
I haveing much adoe to bring them to it, though I keepe all from 
them, and make them believe we goe over upon better termes then 
formerly : but when they shall come on the other syde and find the 
contrarie, I feare there wilbe something to do with them. 

Thus humblie desiring your Graces favour and that you wilbe 
pleased to mediate to his Majestic for me for his gracious favour 
that I may be called offe from this service with his Majesties favour 
and good liking, and to dispose of me upon any other that his 
Majestic or your grace shall [see] fit: and I shalbe bound ever to 
remaine 

Your Graces most humble 

and faithfill servant 

J. PENINGTON. 

From aboard the Vanguard 
in Stokes Bay the 18 th of July 
1625. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 241 

56. Captain Pennington to Lord Comvay. 
[State_Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 79.] 

Right Honorable my very good Lord, 

I have received order from my Lord Duke of Buckingham his 1625 > ^ ul y 18 - 
Grace presently commanding me to goe for Deepe and to carry 
along with me the rest of the marchants' shippes; which 1 have 
mad knowne unto their Masters and they unto their companies, but 
in regard the Captaines are not here, they will not stirre till they 
come, so that I must be forced either to goe together by the eares 
with them or to goe without them, being therefore resolved to goe 
myselfe, I not having power to doe the other. I also understand by a 
warrant from your Lordship in his Majesties name that his Majestic 
hath left the command of these shippes to his most Christian brother 
the King of France and that we are to receive so many men aboard 
as they thinke fitt and I to deliver all whatsoever to them. All 
which I am readie presently to obey, first for the carrying over of 
the shippes, and then to lett them doe what they will with them, 
allwayes hopeing that it is his Maties pleasure that 1 shall returne 
after my surrender to them, for I know that your Lordship in your 
grave wisdome thinkes it not titte for me to continue here having 
allready so withstoode their unreasonable demands and so contrarie 
to the commandes of the King my master and my commission from 
my Lord Duke of Buckingham's grace. Therefore I humblie beseech 
your good Lordship that you wilbe pleased to procure me his . 

Majesties favour that I maie be called home and some other more 
able man for this imployment put in, for I rather desyre to suffer 
at home than to be imployed where I am sure to suffer dishonour. 
Thus praying your good Lordship that I may have your favorable 
opinion and that you will beleive that if I had a thousand lives I 
would sacrifice them all for the honour and safetie of my King and 

CAMD. soc. 2 I 



242 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

countrie. And thus with rem[em]brance of my humble service to 
your good Lordship 1 ever remaine 

Your Lordships very 

humble servant 

J. PENINGTON. 

From aboard the Vangard 
the 18 day of July 1625 in 
Stokes Bay. 

57. Captain Pennington to Sir John Coke. 
[Melbourne MSS.] 

Hon ble Sir 

1G25, July 18. I have no tyme to make that relation I should unto you but 
leave you to the report ot this gent, only yow may be pleased to 
understand I have even now received order from my lord Duke's 
grace to goe away for Deepe, and so carrie the rest of the shippes 
along w th me, but they will not stirre before their Captaines come, 
nor I think at all so farre as I can perceive, though I have layde his 
Ma ties command on them, for here is a greate uprore among them 
all, so that 1 am resolved presently to goe without them. 

I have also order from my lord Conway in his Ma ties name to 
deliver over the sole command of this his Ma ties shippe and the 
rest to his most Christian Ma tie , and he to put as many of his owne 
nation in as he will, and to doe what he will with them, so that 
whereas I had the commission of an Admirall, 1 am now like to be 
a slave unto them, as they threatened formerly to make me; there- 
fore I humbly intreat your favour that you wilbe a meanes I may 
be called home, and some other put in that they are not distasted with 
as you know they are with me, in regard I would not condescend 
to their unreasonable demandes to breake the orders I had from his 
Ma tie , and the commission 1 had from my lord Duke's grace, and 
be a traytor to my King and countrie, all which I desire you tc 
to take unto your juditious consideration that some speedie cours 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 243 

may be taken for my reliefe in this particular, which I may not 
indure: and so for present hoping of your favorable assistance I 
humblie take my leave, and remaine ever 

Yo rs to doe you service 

J. PENINGTON. 

From aboard the Vanguard in 
Stokes Bay the 18 of July 1625. 

58. Sir Ferdinando Gorges* to the Duke of Buckingham. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 89.] 
May it please your Grace 

Seeinge the shipps are againe to returne for Deepe, I humbly 
desire to goe thither myselfe that I may see the conclusion of their 
premisses, for our satisfaccions that are interessed in it. I have 
written to the same effecte unto his Majestic and shall humbly 
desire your Grace to favor mee soe much as to give secondes there- 
unto : it is possible I shalbe able to give content soe much the better 
to your Grace's desires, which I finde to be full of honor and worth- 
If I faile in anie thinge it shall be want of power not zeall to bring 
it to passe and, as soone as I returne, I will attend your Grace at 
Plimouth b and be ready with all I have to approve my selfe. 

Your Graces humblest servant 

FRED. GORGES. 

Written this 19 th 
of July 1625. 

59. The Duke of Buckingham to Sir Ferdinando Gorges. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. Addenda.] 
Sir, 

I have reseaved your lettre directed to me and scene yours to my 1625) j u \ y 1 
gratious master, who intendes as much equity to his subjectes as he 

a Gorges was captain of one of the merchant ships. 

b The Duke was going to Plymouth to be present at the sailing of the fleet for 
Cadiz. 



244 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

expectes obediens from them, in confidens of your wisdom modera- 
tion and wyse guldens his Majesty is well pleased that you goe in 
person to bringe into obediens and contryve so your owne ships 
and the other marchants ships withe theyre captey nes and leiftenantes 
and likewyse pray you asiste the other capteynes in making theyre 
conditions equall and certeyn, but because you are not aquainted 
neither withe the extent of his later conducte and intentions, you 
are to reseav information and directions from Capteyn Penington, 
and more espeessially from my secrretary Niclas, of whom you are to 
inquire, to [follow him ? ] and to and as much as in you is to cary 
your ship and capteines to honour theire directions according [?] to 
those injunctions to give all honor to the person of the Marquis of 
Fiat, and satisfaction for the servis of the most Christian King 
and our and for your justte suite to his Majesty and request to 
mee, you may be assured ther is nothing that I desier more then 

to ? and procure satisfaction to persons of your merit, and 

rnarke[?] the well deserving servante of my most gratious master, 
whereof I shall upon all occasions be redy to give testemony in all, 
so that I am 



60. The Duke of Buckingham to Edward Nicholas. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 80] 

1625, July 19. Upon receipt of a lettre from Captain Psnington I see the dis- 
order which hath happened, and am much trobled that the great 
respect which I desired should bee given to the Marquis d'Effiat's 
presence, and to shew affeccion to this busines should receave such 
a traverse. You knowe the affeccion I have to give the Marquis 
d'Effiat for the most Christian Kinge satisfaccion and the direccions 
I have given you in all events to applye yourself for the good 
successe of that accion. You are therefore accordinge to the direc- 
cions I have given you to indeavour to conforme those Captaines 
and shipps to his will: and I having receaved advise lately from 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 245 

Lorken* that the peace is concluded betweene the most Christian 
Kinge and those of the Eeligion. it may bee the Marquis d'Effiat 
upon hearinge the same will easely put end to all theis questions, 
haveinge not the use he expected. 

Sir Ferdinando Gorges hath desired leave to goe in person for 
the better conforminge and accomodatinge of the contracts to 
equitie; and, accordinge to the instruccions which I gave you, I 
have referred him to advise with you, and you are to cause all the 
honor and contentment possible to bee given to the Marquis d'Effiat 
for the service of the most Christian Kinge, and by the direccions 
I gave you, you will judge how much it will agree with my con- 
tentment and to your care I leave it. 

G. BUCKINGHAM. 

Oakeinge 
Julie 19, 1625. 

60. The Duke of Buckingham to Captain Penington. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 85.] 

I have receaved yours of the 18 th of this present from Stokes- Bay, 1625, July 19. 
and cannot but wonder aswell as bee sorry that any such disorder 
should happen, as the withdrawing of the marriners from theire 
dutie and obedience, especially when a person of that quality as the 
Marquis d'Effiatt should bee present and have his expectation and 
endeavor made vayne. I doe require you to continue your dutie 
and care not onely to carry your shipp and saylors to the service of 
the most Christian King but alsoe to carry the rest of the shippes 
according to the direccions I have given by my secretary Nicholas 
whoe is there to that purpose, that hee may witnes your and eich 
other Captaines, Maisters, and Mariners, behaviours. And as the 
good obedience you and they shall performe in those instructions 
which I have given to my said secretary will procure you acceptance 
and estimation ; soe those that shalbee refractory shall passe a strict 

* The English agent in France. 



246 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

examinacion ancTreceave punishment accordingly. You are there- 
fore to have due regard to give all honor and contentment to the 
Marquis d'Effiatt, following entirely the instruccions and direccions 
of my secretary Nicholas. I mervaile of your demaund and can by 
noe meanes finde it reasonable that you a captaine, upon the instant 
of your obedience required, should aske leave to withdrawe yourself 
from this chardge, which I may by noe meanes consent unto ; and 
therefore require you to continue it, and to conferr with and follow 
precisely the direccions 1 have given to ray secretary Nicholas, 
whome you are to beleive : and soe I comitt you to God. 

Your very lovinge friend 

G. BUCKINGHAM. 

Oakinge 
Julie 19, 1625. 

62. Lord Conway to Captain Pennington. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 83.J 
Sir, 

1625, July 19. I have received youi-s of the 18 th of this present and see the per- 
plexity that you are in betweene obedience and desire to doe that 
which you thinke honorable and good. It is almost impossible to 
bringe the obedience to a maistre opposite to his good service; and 
so much is to bee deferrd to the wisdome and providence of a 
supreme in his owne service, as the servante is to hope beyond 
that hee seeth of a better success then hee knowes. My hearte 
beares you witnes that you intende well, and you have not only 
so wise and good a patron but so happy a one as, followinge his 
directions, you cannot faile of such events as will justify you. I 
have understood that the Duke his Grace hath employed his secre- 
tary Mr. Nicholas to advise and take care with you that this worke 
might be conducted to the satisfaction of the most Christian Kinge, 
and to the honor of the Marquis fFEffiat, yet with equity to his Majestes 
subjects, and honor and advantage of those that commaunde and obey 
in the fleete ; so if you advise with the secretary no double you will 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 247 

finde out the upright way to obey. Icann by no meanes joine with 
you in seekinge your leave to quitt that service and to employ 
another in it, because it must bee dishonorable for you to bee 
called from it to employ a more sufficient, or unjust to sende 
another to the hazard from which you shoulde bee preserved; and 
moste of all for the evill example to admitt of a disputation betweene 
an inferior and a superior in the very pointe of an execution. 

You are happy that have to obey an excellent and a juste Kinge, 
a gracious and an honorable chiefe, who beinge wel able >to judge 
of the goodnes of your intentions, will passe by any weakenes or 
disadvantage that arise from those good intentions or success, and 
apply to you the acceptance and reward of what you shall deserve 
well in : and in that I shall bee gladd to bee a witnes, and both 
contented and happy if I might bee an instrument beinge very 
desirous to take occasion to approve myselfe 

Your affectionate friend to serve you 

E. CONWEY. 

From the Courte att Okinge 
19 July 1625. 



63. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to Charles I. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 88.] 

Most gratious Soveraigne 

Seeing the French Embassadour hath broken the former con- 1625, July 19. 
tractes made with us for the imployments of our shipps, and that 
hee hath soe far forth prevailed with your Majestic that they are 
agayne to returne to Deepe, where hee promiseth to give all con- 
tent for our further satisfaccion, I shall humbly desire that it 
will please your Majestic I maye have leave to goe thither in 
my owne shipp the better to conclude for what I conceave to 
be fitt in honor and justice, and that I may give such secondes 
to the rest of the captaines and owners as they desire to receave 
from mee; wherein it maie bee I shall have the oppertunityc 



248 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

to doe your Majestie that service that becomes race to performe, and 
be a meanes to prevent the evills that otherwaies male insue the 
losse of such an occasion ; and withall that your Majestie wilbe 
pleased gratiously to give order to my Lord Treasurer that I maie 
rcceave my owne meanes, without more delayes to prevent the 
starvinge of your Majesties service, and the ruin of my selfeand my 
owne fortunes; for all which I will for ever rest in all humblenes 

Your Majesties most dutifull 

and most obedient servant 

FERD. GORGES. 

Written this 19 th 
of July 1625. 

64. Philippe Burlemacld to the Marquis Effiat. 

[State Papers, France, No. 174.] 
1625, July 19. Monseigneur, 

Ce mattin estant retourne de Windsor, j'ay rencontre les capi- 
taines des navires tous bien resolus de conformer a ce qui avoit este 
traicte h, Rochester entre vos Excellences et Monseigneur le Due de 
Buckingham, en conformite de quoy ils viennent se rendre a la rade 
de Diepe, pour monstrer le desir qu'ils out d'obeir aux commande- 
, ments du Ser me Roy de la Grande Bretagne leur seigneur et maistre. 

II restera seulement que, selon la promesse a eux faicte, ils soyent 
asseurez de la valleur de leurs vaisseaux qu'ils mettront es mains de 
Sa Majeste tres Chrestienne, comme aussi qu'ils recoivent le mois de 
gage escheu et celuy qui escherra dans dix jours; en quoi je ne 
crois qu'eux accomplissant leur promesse, il puisse y avoir difficulte. 
Et pour retrancher tous delais et procurer en tant qu'en moy est que 
le service de Sa Maj. tres Chrestienne ne soit retarde, j'envois le 
Sieur David Papillon present porteur afin, qu'incontinent arrive et 
qu'il aura traicte, avec vostre Excellence, il s'en aille en dilligence a 
Paris pour voir que satisfaccion soit donnee auxdits capil,aines selon 
que vostre Excellence lui ordonnera, pour donner la derniere fin a 
cest affaire, la quelle m'a donnee tant de fascherie, et donnera 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 249 

encores jusques a ce que je la voye achemine'e a la satisfaccion de 
V. E. les Cannons doivent estre partis et j'espere que V. E. pour- 
voira que je soye aussi satisfait, dont j'attendrois advis et lui baisant 
les mains je demeure. 

Monseigneur 

vostre tres humble serviteur 

FHILLIPPE BURLEMACHI. 

Londres ce 19 Juillet 1625. 

65. The Earl of Pembroke* to Captain Pennington. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. Addenda.] 

Sir, 

I must give you many thanks for your respect to me in so freely 1525, July 20. 
acquainting me with all particulars that have hapned this voyage. 
You shall receave directions by this bearer from his Ma tie and my 
Lo: Admirall how to carry your selfe in this busines, which I know 
you will punctually obey. From me you can expect nothing but 
the assurance of my love which shall never fayle you in all occasions, 
as this bearer shall particularly let you know, I pray excuse my 
shortnes being opprest with extrordinary busines, and I shall ever 
unfaynedly remaine 

Your most affectionate frend 

PEMBROKE. 

Caking this 20 th 
of July. 

66. Note by Edward Ingham of a Message from the Earl of 

Pembroke to Captain Pennington. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iii. 120.] 

My Lord of Pembrokes wordes unto me at Okeing when I was 1625, 
j. , , July 20 [?]. 

readie to depart thence. 

That the letters which Captaine Pennington sent the Lord Duke 

a Lord Chamberlain. 
CAMD. SOC. 2 K 



250 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

of Buckinghams Grace to himselfe and the Lord Conway was the 
best newes that could come to the Court, and that the King and all 
the rest were exceeding glad of that relation which he made of the 
discontent and mutinies of his com panic and the rest : and that if 
such a thing had not fallen out, they should have bene constrained to 
have sent him advise to have devised to have brought some such 
thing to pass, if the French should accept of the service of that shipp 
alone without the reste : and that he should carrie it on fairely with 
them, but still to keepe himselfe master of his shippe, and if they 
proceeded so farre as to offer to take the possession of her , that then 
his men should take him prisoner and bring away the shippe. And 
that the sayd Capten Pennington might believe him, that he had 
thus much to deliver, it being the King's will and the rest that it 
was farre from them, that any of his shippes should goe against any 
of the protestants. 

EDW. INGHAM. 

67. Captain Pennington to Edward Nicholas. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 97.J 

Noble Sir, 

1625, July 21. Upon Mundaie at nine a clocke in the morning, I received your 
letter with my Lord's inclosed. I presentlie sent for the masters of 
the merchants' shipes aboard mee, and signified my Lord's pleasure 
unto them, for our present cominge awaie for thS place. They 
tould mee they weare willinge, but there companies would not. 
Then I sent for the rest of there officers as boatsains gunners and 
the like, and read my lordes letter unto them, and charged them 
in his Majesty's name to weighe and goe alonge with mee, but they 
all denied it, and tould mee they would not stirre before their 
captains came; nor then but upon other terms. I sawe I [was 
not] able to force them, soe one twesdaie morninge, I waighed and 
came awaye without them, but not without a great deale of treble 
of my owne people, as I will declare unto you at your cominge 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 251 

aboard, which I desier maye bee soddenly. Since our weighinge, 
wee have incountered with dangerous storms, and I doe assuer you 
had it bene to save the world I could a have made greater expedi- 
tion; and soe much you maye bouldly signifie to anie that you have 
ocation. I have sent this gentleman, my Liftennant, with my boat 
to bringe you aboard, where I longe to see you. Till then I cease 
and ever rest. 

Your faithfull frend and servant 

J. PENINGTON. 

From aboard the Vangard in Deepe 
Koade this 21 July 1625. 

68. Edward Nicholas to Captain Pennington. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 104.] 
Noble Captaine, 

I finde my Lord Ambassador much troubled with your aunsweare 1625, July 22. 
and refusall to deliver over the King's shipp uppon the warrauntes 
which you have receaved; in soe much as he will presently send 
away a post to our king to complayne against you. His Lordshipp 
hath commaunded me to wishe you either to come on shoare too 
morrow morning to accommodate this busines, or else that you will 
this night send to his Lordshipp your absolute aunsweare by lettre, 
wherein I desire you to be well advised, considering that this is a 
busines of very great consequence aswell for the contynnuance of 
the correspondency between two great kings as for your self. As 
your aunswere shalbe, my Lord Ambassador will resolve to send 
dispatches to both Courts; and therefore I pray lett his Lordshipp 
heare from you this night, thoughe it be late. And soe I rest 

Your very loving freind 

EDW: NICHOLAS. 

Diepe 

22 Julij 1625. 

I pray goe not away till you and I have spoken together; but 
send your aunsweare this night, and if you will come hither too 
morrow we will speake of all things. 

a could not. 



252 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

69. Edward Nicholas to Captain Pennington. 
("State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 100.] 

Captaine, 

1625, July 22. I would willingly have come aboard you myselfe to have had a 
few words with you, but my Lord Ambassador will not that I 
come, but that I should wryte to you to come hither to receave 
from his Lordshipps hand a letter signifying his Majestes pleasure 
what you are to doe. I know not well the custome that is observed 
by the captaines of the King's shipps, but I am of opinion that you 
should doe very well to make noe scruple to come a shore, because 
the King hath freely lent his shipp to this King. I hope to see 
you here shortly, and to give you an account of the care I have 
had to expedite a dispatch to you and soe I rest 

Your assured loving friend 

EDW: NICHOLAS. 

Deepe 
22 Julij 1625. 

If you come not on this my lettre, I must then come to you to 
attend the Ambassador and receave here his Majesty's pleasure, 
which you cannot refuse to doe without declining his Majesties 
service, for my Lord's comaund is that you should wayte on the 
Ambassador here. When you see the letter which the Ambassador 
hath, you may then returne, and in the meane tyme leave your 
chardge to your lieutennant and the master of your shipp. 

70. Edward Nicholas to the Duke of Buckingham. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. IT. 105.] 

May it please your Grace 

1625, July 22 f The last night Capt. Penington came alone with his Majestes 
shipp the Vantgarde into this Roade, having not been able by 
reason of the absence of the masters and the obstinacy of the 
masters' mates to cary any of the other seven shipps along with 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 253 

him. The French Ambassador delivered this morning both your 
Grace's and the Lord Oonwey's lettres to Capt. Penington, desiring 
him to obey the same to the end that the caution which was 
agreed uppon might be dispatched, The Captain seemed willing 
to obey his Majestes and your Lordshipps pleasure therein, but 
having considered of the warraunt and the weightines of the busines, 
saith that the warraunt is not full enoughe, and craveth one more 
absolute and ample from his Majestic or your Grace to dischardge 
him cleerely of his shipp, and to require him to deliver her into the 
hands of such a person by name as you shall appoint. He doth 
refuse to have any hand in the valuacion of the King's shipp, or any 
thing belonging to her, or in the taking security for her. He 
desireth to know how the men in that shipp shalbe disposed of, in 
case the Anne Royall nor any other shipp of the Fleete come to 
receave them, and what present pay shalbe given here to bring 
those home who shall refuse to serve the French. He saith alsoe 
that there is noe order what shall become of the master gunner, the 
purser, boatswaine, and the master cooke, and the like officers in the 
shipp, whereof some have their places for lief, and have given 
security of 500 and 800 apeece to be accountable for what is in 
their charge and doe now desire to have a dischardge or their bonds 
delivered upp ; that these things (which he saith are necessarily 
to be cared for) being ordered by his Majestic or your Lordshipp, 
he is reddy to quitt the said shipp and deliver her over into the 
possession of the French Kinge; and he allegeth, for his excuse in 
that he doth not presently surrender the shipp, that it is without 
precedent that a captaine of the King's shipp hath att any tyme 
delivered over the same into the hands of a Forreine Prince or 
meddled with the valluacion of her, or a busines of this nature. 
Uppon this his refusall, my Lord Ambassador is much troubled as by 
his dispatches you will perceave, and will not by any meanes lett 
me goe till he receaveth answeare from England 5 albsit I have 
exceedingly pressed his Lordshipp for my departure. This is a 



254 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

busines of a very great weight, and will nether admitt of delay or 
denyall without a very ill consequence, and beinge a matter of 
state, I could wishe that there might bee a punctuall and speedy 
course held for dispatch of it ; and I doe most humbly beseech your 
Grace to send some more able man in my place to accomodate this 
busines, for it is above my reach, and I shalbe able to doe you better 
service in England: or if you will that I contynue here, I beseeche 
you then to cause that I may receave autentique and ample instruc- 
cions how to governe myselfe herein, and that there may be a 
particular and certeyne somme or valluacion of the shipp sett downe 
by warraunt from his Majestic both of the shipp and goods, which 
is a busines above my last. The Lord Conwey or Sir John Coke 
will give, if you please to commaund, speedy and effectuall dis- 
patches herein, that there may be noe more rubbs in it. There is a 
confident report here still that a p'eace is made by this King with 
Monsieur de Soubize, as I wrote in a former letter yesterday to your 
Grace. My Lord Ambassador attends your aunsweare here with 
much impatience. That which troubleth him most in the back- 
wardnes of Captain Penington, is the scandall which by it is cast on 
him by the captaines and officers here, and the report of this newes 
which will hasten to the French Court; and therefore you may bee 
pleased to expedite the ^ sooner an ample dispatch. It is of noe 
lesse consequence to your Grace to cherishe a good correspondency 
betweene these two great Kings then to provyde a sufficient 
warraunt for what you doe herein, and therefore I humbly beseech 
you as you tender your honour in these partes and desire honor ao.d 
security att home, to take herein good advise and consideracion 
without any delay. I am peradventure more bold then discreete in 
this my relacion, but I assure your Grace it proceedes fram a true 
and harty affeccion to your service and honor, that the integrity and 
fidelity which I doe unfeignedly beare your Grace may not suffer in 
this busines throughe my want of experience ; but that whilest I 
continue honest, I may still have the honor to be esteemed 

Your Graces 
Deepe 22 Julij 1625. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 255 



71. Edward Nicholas to Captain Pennington and to the Ship's 
Company of the Vanguard. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 102.] 

I desire to have an aunsweare in wrighting under the hands of all 1625, July 22. 
the officers and the rest of the company of his Majestes shipp the 
Vantgarte : Whether or noe they will presently leave the King's 
shipp and their places and chardge therein, according to his 
Majestes pleasure signifyed by my Lord Conwey; prouisions fitting 
being made (if they will not serve the French King) for their safe 
passage into England: whether they will receave presently or 
within a day, in quiett manner aboard the said shipp three hundred 
or more Frenchmen which shalbe sent by the King of Fraunce, 
according to the commaund of his Majestic expressed in the Lord 
Conwey 's lettre? 

If they will obey either of these that they say soe; if not, that 
they sett downe their reasons and resolucions. 

72. Answer of the Ship's Company. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 102.] 

23 Julij aborde the Vantguarde 1625. 

The Company say all with one voyce that they will take aborde 1625, July 23 
150 French coming without armes, and carry them unto some part 
of England, and there leave the shipp to them, soe as they may 
have a good dischardge. 

73. Captain Pennington to Edward Nicholas, 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 110.] 
Noble Sir, 

I have drawne out the forme of a letter to send to his Majeste 1525, July 23 
which I send you by this bearer to peruse and to she we to my 
Lord Ambassador ; yf you please, and if hee and you like of it, I 
will presently wright it fair, and send a gentleman awaie with it; 



256 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

soe I maie have a shallope, not dough tinge but to have his Majestes 
absolute warrant befor wee shall dispache the other bussines. If 
hee likes not of this, if hee pleaseth to send 100 or 150 maryners 
aboard to goe over with us to any part of England, there she 
shalbee delivered to them within 24 howers after our corainge 
thither, if his Majestes pleaseth, I praie lett mee iritreat you to 
come aboard, for my people are in a mightie mutiny, and sweres 
they will carrie mee home per force. I knowe your wordes will 
doe muche amoungst them, and I have a great desier to give 
satisfaction to my Lord Ambassador, soe far as I maie with saftie 
of life: thus hoping you will come alonge with my boat, I rest 
Your true lo[ving] frend to serve you 

J. PENINGTON. 

I praie mend such faultes as you see cause in the King's letter, 
if you purpose I shall send it; as alsoe for the stile and titile or anie 
thinge elce. 
July 23, 1625. 

74. The demands of Edward Nicholas and the Captained a 

answer es touching the security tendered to them. 

[State Papers, France, No. 175.] 

Aboard the good Ship the Neptune [in Dieppe 

roads] this 23 of July 1625 stilo Anglic. 

1625, July 23. I am sent hither by my Lord and master the Duke of Buckingham 
Lord highe Admirall of England to see the execution and per- 
formance of his Majesties pleasure, signified by letter from my Lord 
Conway ; and doe crave answere in writing under your hands, 
whether you will, according to my Lord Conwayes lettre, and upon 
the caution and security which was agreed on and parafaicted at 
Rochester by the 3 Lords Ambassadors of France, and by them 
delivered to my Lord who committed it to mee as the security I 
was to take, to deliver over your ships to bee disposed of by the 
most Christian King, or no. If you will performe this, I shall bee 
a i.e. the captains of the merchants' ships. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 257 

ready to make knowne your obedience, and will procure you a 
sufficient discharge to your contentment. Signed 

EDW: NICHOLAS. 

For absolute answere to the demandes above written wee say that 
wee have a desire to give all content and satisfaction in this busines 
to his most Xstian Ma tie and the Marquis d'Effiat, his Ma tiea Am- 
bassador, in obedience to the commands receaved from our Soveraign 
and our Lo. Admirall; but for the security (w ch wee never agreed 
unto), tendered unto us and parafaicted by the three Ambassadors 
of France at Rochester (albeit wee acknowledged it to bee very 
honorable and worthy there greatnes), yet, under correction, wee 
hold it not competent and wise for us to accept therof, and ther- 
fore doe absolutley refuse to deliver our ships on the same, but doe 
humbly pray, if it be intended by the Lo: Ambassador that our 
ships should serve his most Xstian Ma tie , that such caution may 
bee given us as may sort with the quality of Merchants to dealein: 
that is to say, to have security given us by sufficient merchants at 
Paris to be transferrd to London irrevocable, and such as may not 
bee protected by the prerogative or authority of the Princes of any 
state whatsoever, for w ch wee most humbly desire a declaration under . 

the hand and scale of both kings. 

75. Edward Nicholas to Captain Pennington. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles L, iv. 116.] 

Captaine Penington, 

My Lord Ambassador will stay here noe longer to attend your 1625 > J al J' 
aunsweares, but be gonne hence to morrow morning, and hath sent 
this gent his Secretary to tell you as much, wherefore I would 
advise you to give his Lordshipp a better and more full aunsweare 
what you will doe in obedience to the lettres and warraunt which 
you have receaved for the delivering of his Majestes shipp into the 
hands of the most Christian King's ministers : and I wishe that you 

CAMD. SOC. 2 L 



258 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

be carefull to receave and enterteyne my Lord's Secretary (who 
bringes this) curteously and with all respect : And soe I rest 

Your loving freind 

EDW. NICHOLAS. 

Deepe, 24 Julij 1625. 



76. Edward Nicholas to Captain Pennington. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 114.] 

Captaine Penington, 

1625, July 24. My Lord Ambassador hath sent this gentleman his Secretary for to 
receave your last aunsweare. I doe advise you to take good heede 
therein, for it is a busines of the greatest importance that ever you 
can meddle in : I pray receave this Secretary and enterteyne him 
curteously and with good respect, which I doe wishe you to be care- 
full of, as being 

Your loving freind 

EDW. NICHOLAS. 

Diepe: 24 Julij 1625. 

77. Articles propounded by Edward Nicholas for the delivery 
over of ilie Vangard. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 1177.] 

24 Jnlij 1625. Aboarde his Majestes shipp 
the Vantguarde. 

1625, July 24. 1. I crave your direct aunsweare in wrighting under your hand, 
whether or noe you will according to my Lord Conweys letre sig- 
nifying his Majestes pleasure presently take aboarde his Majestes 
shipp the Vantgarde soe many French as the most Christian King 
shall put into her and fight against such as that King shall appoint, 
excepting the King of Great Brittaine. 

2. Or whether you will according to my Lord Admirall's lettre, 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 259 

grounded on that waraunt, quitt the said shipp to snch of the 
French King's Ministers to be disposed as his most Christian 
Majestis shall direct. 

3. This is the busines I was sent for hither by my Lord and Master 
the Duke of Buckingham, Lord Highe Admirall of England, to see 
put in due execucion, and doe conjure you and the officers and 
company of his Majestes said shipp effectually to obey, as you will 
aunsweare the contrary att your perills ; for if you will not doe it, 
I must and will protest to my Lord and Master against you and 
such as refuse to obey his Majestes and my Lord Admiral's 
comaunds. 

4. I further crave that you sett downe punctually and fully what 
you will doe in this busines on the commaunds you have receaved 
to doe honor and give contentment to the Marquis d'Effiat Ambas- 
sador of Fraunce for the present service of the most Christian King; 
to thend that I may be able to testifye to the said Ambassador and 
my lord and master that I have not bene wan tinge for my parte to 
apply myself in all things to the good successe of this accion, whereof 
a strict account wilbe expected both from you and myself att our 
returne into England ; and such as it wilbe impossible for us to 
aunsweare, if you doe not conforme yourself (as againe I chardge 
you) to performe his Majestes pleasure signifyed by my Lord Con- 
wey's lettre, which you have receaved for the service of his most 
Christian Majestie. 

EDW. NICHOLAS. 



78. Captain Pennington's Aunswer to Edward Nicholas. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 115.] 

The 24 th of July 1625 aboard his Majesties 
shippe the Vanguard. 

To the first, I am contented to receive so many Frenchmen aboard 1625, July 24. 
his Majesties sayde shippe wherin I command as conveniently I 



260 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

may, without pestring of the shippe, and breeding infection amongst 
us and as I am able to stow victualls and provisions for, and no 
more. 

For the second, I cannot quite and deliver over the shippe to 
the French King's ministers, to be disposed of as his most Christian 
Maiestie shall direct upon my Lord Admirall's letter or my Lord 
Conwayes warrant: neither if I. would would the companie give 
way to it, we houlding them not sufficient for our discharge, but 
upon autentique warrant and discharge for me and my companie 
we are readie to do it, we all being readie to do all the honor and 
service we can with the hazard of our lives to his most Christian 
Majestic, or the Marquis of Fayat a Lord Ambassador for the French 
king, according to our sacred Majesties intent. 

And for what you shall say unto me by word of mouth from my 
Lord Admirall (except you shew me particular instructions under 
his Lordship's hand) I can doe nothing therein. 

79. Answer of Captain Pennington and the Ship's Company to the 
Marquis of Effiat. 

[State Papers, France, No. 175.] 
1625, July 24. JJ e gp O nse que j'ay faite a la declaration qui m'a este' apportee de la 

part de Mons r le Marquis d'Effiat par son Secretaire. 
Je suis prest de rendre et delivrer le navire a Sa Majeste tres 
Chrestienne ou a Mons r le Marquis d'Effiat son Ambassadeur, apres 
ayant receu, garant et descharge legitime et antentique pour moy et 
pour ma compagnie de le faire, car encore que j'eusse voulu le delivrer 
incontinent, mes gens n'y consentiront ny me permetront de le faire. 
Cependant je suis prest et fais offre de recevoir abord Tin nombre 
competent des soldats et a obeir aux Commandements de Mons r 
le Marquis d'Effiat ou a quelque autre Seigneur qui sera depute 
pour cest affaire par Sa Majeste Tres Chrestienne : et pour la lettre 
escrite du Roy mon Maistre a Sa Majeste tres Chrestienne, il me 

a Effiat.. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 261 

souvient bien avoir veu le sceau, mais non pas leu aucun mot de 
1'escriture. 
24 Juilletl625, 

Capt. J. PENINGTON. 
Lieut. EDM. BUTTON. 
Le Maistre THO. NELME. 

Pilot THO. DUCKMANTAY. 

Pilot ROGER ROSE. 
Pilot ROB. NETHERSOLE. 
M re Cannonier NIGH. ANSTED. 
Centre M re Ei. EDWARDS. 
Escrivain RICH. COLE. 
Charpentier MA. REW. 
Chirwigien MATT. SOMMERLAND. 
Dispensier JOHN SCUDDER. 
Cuisinier JOSE. SPENCER. 
Corporall JOHN JAGOE. 
Copia vera testor ipse Lucas. 

80. Protestation against Captain Pennington by the Marquis of 

Effiat. 
[State Papers, France, No 175.] 

Nous Anthoine Ruze, Marquis d'Effiat, Chevalier des Ordres du 1625, 
Roy, Conseiller en son Conseil d'Etat, Grand Maistre des Mines et July 2 * 
Minieres de France, Premier Escuyer de la Grande Escury de Sa 
Majest^ et son Ambassadeur extraordinaire en Angleterre, nous 
estans transportez en ce lieu de Dieppe, pour y recevoir les vais- 
seaux que le Roy de la Grande Bretaigne nous a promis de prester, 
tant par sa parolle Royalle, que par escrit, portant ordonnons 4 vous 
Michel Lucas, Secretaire de Sa Majeste et de 1'Ambassade, de sig- 
nifier au Sieur Penington Capitaine du Navire de sa Majeste de la 
grande Bretaigne nomme' PAdvantgarde, quel aye a nous mettre 
entre les mains le dit navire de FAdvantgarde ou recevoir tous les 



262 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

hommes quil fault mettre dessus pour le service du Roy mon Maistre, 
en ayant la liberte* par les contracts que jay passe avec les Comm- 
[issionaires] du Roy de la grande Bretaigne, en consequence du 
quel il me doibt toute obeissance et paye pour cet effet six mois de 
solde aux dits comm[issaires] dont j'ay quittance en datte du xviii 
Juilly dernier et sy le de dit Penington a veu de plus lettre du 
Roy son Maistre addressante au Roy mon Maisire en datte du v e 
Juillet, par laquelle il remet ses vaisseaux entre ses mains pour en 
faire ce quil luy plaira et en consequence d'y cette fourny lettre de 
Monsieur Conoway premier secretaire d'estat pourtant le commande- 
ment et decharge de la part du Roy son Maistre pour la livraisons 
du dit navire, et deux lettres de monsieur le due de Buckingham 
grand Admiral d'Angleterre tendantes a mesme fin, dont il en a 
receu une a 1'Isle de Wit, et lautre que nous luy aurions donne nous 
mesme a Dieppe, avec une du Roy nostre Maistre addressante a sa 
peisonne sur le mesme subject, et auroyt encor aujourdhuy recu 
lordre du Roy son Maistre, par lequel exprez commandement luy 
est faict d'obeyr, dont nous le sommons sur peyne d'encourir la 
tache de rebelle aux commandements du Roy son Maistre, estre 
comme tel puny comme criminel, ayant este* subject de faire rompre 
la foy publique entre ces deux Roys. C'est pourquoy sans plus 
differer nous les sommons par vous de faire declaracion de sa derniere 
volonte", et en cas d'obeyssance, ofrons de bailler toutes les commo- 
ditez que nous serions obliged, en nous les faizant cognoistre a ce 
quil n'ayt aucun subject d'excuser sa dezobeyssance qu'il declare 
done sa derniere intention : et sil n'obeyt ou reffuze de respondre 
et signer ce quil ayra. le contenu de la presente signifficacion sera 
tenu pour constant et veritable sans pouvoir estre jamais contredit ; 
et nous sera permiz de nous en ayder tant pour nostre decharge 
envers le Roy nostre maistre que on nous advizerons bon estre. En 
la tesmoing de quoy nous avons signe* la presente, pour estre sig- 
nifiee au dit Penington et de plus vous enjoignons de signifier le 
mesme au Secretaire de Mons r le Due de Buckingham Grand 
Admiral d'Angleterre, a ce que la dezobeyssance, manquement, et 



THE LOAN OP SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 263 

contravention au dit contrat soyt notoire a qui 1'appartiendra, et de 
nous rapporter acte de tout ce que dessus pour vostre decharge, 
faict a Diepe ci iij eme Jour d'Aoust xvj cent vingt cinq. 

Lequel m'auroit i'ait response quil est mary que le dit Penington 
n'obeit aux commandements qu'il a receux, et que tous ceux qui 
sont avec luy soyent de si mauvaise volonte* desobeissans aux com- 
commandements qu'il ont receus, tant du Roy leur Souverain, que 
de Mons r le Grand Admiral, dont il luy auroit veu bailer les lettres, 
lors que Ton luy monstre la lettre que le Roy de la Grande Bretagne 
escrit au Roy tres chrestien, et en est satisfait. Et le dit Secretaire 
recognoist par icelle que Fiji. ten tion du Roy son Souverain est, que 
les dits navires ainsi qu'il est contenu par les lettres soyent mis 
entre les mains de Mons. FAmbassad r pour le service de Sa Majeste* 
tres chrestienne, et qu'aussi il s'asseure que le dit Penington et son 
equipage seront blasmez de la faulte qu'ilz commettent, et quant a 
luy que s'il pouvoit remedier, il le feroit de bon coeur, en ayant 
receu expres comandem* de Mons r le grand Admiral son maistre ; et 
se rapporte au tesmoignage dc Mon r le Marquis, sil n'a pas faict tout 
ce qu'il a commande et fera autant qu'il luy sera possible. En 
tesmoing de quoy j'ay signe la presente pour servir de descharge a 
qu'il appartiendra. 

Je recognois tout ce qui est dessus estre veritable, en tesmoing 
de quoy j'ay signe la presente 

EDW. NICHOLAS. 

81. Edward Nicholas to Captain Pennington. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 119.] 
Gapt. Penington, 

I have prevayled with my Lord Ambassador not to goe hence till 1625, July 25. 
Thursday next, soe as you will assure him by wrigh tinge that, in 
case you receave not by that tyme a comaund from our King nor 
my Lord Admirall contrary to what you have alreddy receaved, 
that you will deliver the shipp which is under your comaund into 



264 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

the handes of his Lordshipp for the service of the most Christian 
King; whereof I thinke you shall not neede to make any difficulty; 
for that, betweene this and that, you will receave a direct comaund, 
if things are not altered, and if they be then are not you obliged. 
Putt not things to an extremity, for if the Marquis d'Effiat doth 
goe away we shall be much troubled. I wishe you should therefore 
write to his Lordshipp a few wordes to pray him to remayne here 
on this condicion. 

And soe. 
25 Julij 1625. 

82. Captain Pennington to Edward Nicholas. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 120.] 
Sir, 

1625, July 25. I know not what to wright you more then I have formerly 
delivered to my Lord Ambassador, yourself, and his Lordshipp's 
Secretarie yesternight. I am willing to doe any thing I may with 
security of my lief to doe my Lord Ambassador service, and to give 
him all the content I can ; but for the delivery over of the shipp 
without an expresse warraunt from his Majestic my company will 
not yeild unto it; neither for the taking of 400 French men aboard, 
which indeede is a riddell to speake of, their neither being roome 
for stowage of victualls for a quarter of them, nor place to lodge 
them in, without poysoning one another. I have red your letter to 
the company, and made knowne my Lord Ambassador's desires to 
them, which hath put them all in such a rage and mutiny that they 
sweare they will carry me away by force, and the shipp for the 
Downes ; which I much feare they will perfbrme. Thus in hast and 
perplexed on both sides, I remaine ever 

Your freind and servaunt, 

Jo: PENINGTON. 

From aboard the Vantgarde 

this 25 Julij 1625. 
Copia vera test. ipse. 

EDW. NICHOLAS. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 265 

83. Edward Nicholas to Duke of Buckingham. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 122.] 

May it please your Grace, 

Yesterday, uppon the receipt of your lettre and conference thereon 1625, July 
with my Lord Ambassador, I went by his Lordships direccons 
aboard the Vantgarde to Capt. Penington to effect what I could 
possibly in obedience to your Graces commands, and the lettres the 
said Captain receaved for the delivery over of his Majestes shipp 
into the handes of the Marquis d'Effiat, for the service of his most 
Christian Majestic; when, after I had spent with him 8 houres, I 
receaved to the proposicions which I delivered to him the same 
aunsweare he gave att the first, which was such as I acquainted 
your Grace withall in my dispatch sent by a Courrier of my Lord 
Ambassador's the 23 of this moneth, refusing on the lettre he had 
received, and without a sufficient discharge for himself and his 
company, to deliver the shipp to my Lord Ambassador, or to take 
into her more French then he could conveniently lodge without 
pestering the shipp, which could not be above 80 or 109 att the 
most: and having made knowne the Captaine's aunsweare to my 
Lord Ambassador, his Lordship presently, the same night, sent his 
Secretary with a protestacion against the said Captaine for refusing 
to obey the comaunds he had receaved, which his Lordship did 
hasten, fearing that the shipp would be gone that night, he heryng 
that the company had used threatnings to that purpose. Whereto 
he answered that he was reddy to obey the comandes he had 
receaved, soe as he might have a sufficyent dischardge for himself 
and his company, and that without it, thoughe he would obey, yet 
his company would not. This morning by my Lord Ambassador's 
command I wrote to the Captain that his Lordshipp was content to 
stay here till Thursday next, soe as he would assure his Lordshipp 
by wrighting that, in case he receaved not by that tyme a comand 
from England contrary to what he had alreddy received, that he 
would then deliver the Vantgarde to -his Lordshipp for the service 

CAMD. soe. 2 M 



266 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

of the most Christian Kinge; the Marquis beleeving that by that 
tyme his Courier would be returned from England and that, by 
this meynes, his Lordship and the Captain might be sure of each 
other by their mutuall premisses. To this the Capt. returned me 
answeare that, without a dischardge, he would not deliver the shipp, 
and that when he read my lettres to his company they were all in 
mutiny, and did sweare they would carry away the shipp by force ; 
but my Lord Ambassador because he should not excuse himself on 
the mutiny of his company, as he had done before, to performe 
what I wrote by his Lordship's comand, delivered to me by his 
Secretary that if his men were mutinous and would not obey him, 
he would goe himself and a Knight of Malta with 400 French to 
make them quiet. This afternoone, whiles I was wayting on my 
Lord Ambassador, there came newes that his shipp was under 
sayle; but giving noe creddit to it I went to see and founde it true, 
which I would have sworne had bene a thing impossible. The 
shipp went hence about 4 or 5 a clock, the weather being very 
temperat and the winde rather against them then otherwise. My 
Lord Ambassador hath hitherto forborne to wryte any dispatch to 
the French Court of all these delayes and discontsntes which have 
troubled him, hoping and expecting still that this busines would att 
length be well accomodated. Your Lordshipp may easily guesse 
how much this doth trouble my Lord Ambassador, and in what 
payne he is, in attending your last resolucion by this Courier. 
There have as yet bene none of the merchantes shipps in this roade 
since my coming. My Lord Ambassador will not stirr nor permit 
me to departe till he receive your Grace's lettres. If I could once 
see a good end of this busines, I would make it my earnest suyte to 
your Grace that I may be noe more trusted with an imployment 
soe much ab.ove my abillities, but that I may receive your comandes 
in such businesses as I may be able to render you a good account 
of the dilligence and care of 

Your Grace's 
25 Juilett 

1625. at: Angl: 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 267 

84. Lord Conway to the Duke of Buckingham. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I., Addenda.] 
Gracious patron, 

Yesternight I received a letter by Captaine Franklin from your 16 25, j u i y 25. 
Grace's Secretary Mr. Nicholas, the letter directed to you, but hee 
brought mee a verball warrant and direction in your absence to 
open it, to represent it to his Ma 1 * and to give such answere as I 
received. Hee speakes likewise of a French man, who hath brought 
letters, and because hee is not here by two a clocke I suppose hee 
hath taken knowledge of your Grace's beinge att New-hal, and is 
gonne directly thither: His Ma 4 ? is of opinion that for the most 
parte the letters you formerly writt have answered this last letter. 
Hee observes the honest zeale of your Secretary in that parte of his 
letter which is markt in the rnargent, but gives no order for the 
changinge of former directions, and I must, in the duety I owe 
your Grace, say that there is not any thing so tender and to bee so 
deare to you as the avoidinge of that scandall, offence, and hazard 
of extreame inconstancy, as if his Ma ts shipps shoulde fight against 
those of the Religion. His Ma 1 ? hath farther commanded mee to 
let your Grace know that by reason of the sicknes comminge to 
Windser, hee goes upon Wensday to Okinge, on Friday to Bisham, 
on Saturday to Ricott, where hee assignes the Lords to meete him, 
and then your servant hath a hope att the farthest to kisse your 
Grace's hands with as much humblenes and more constancy then 
over he did his mistress's, and with the faith not to bee exceeded of. 

25 July 1625. 

85. Captain Pennington to Charles I. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 132.] 
Most Sacred Majestic, 

Be pleased to understand that I being put in command of your 1625, July 27. 
Majesties shippe the Vanguard by warrant from my Lord Admirall 
for the service of the most Christian King, and thereupon received 



268 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

sundrie instructions under his hand for the safe keeping possession 
of the ayd shippe during the service, which I have hitherto care- 
fully and punctuallie observed, and now have lately received a war- 
rant from my Lord Con way, dated at Hampton Court the 10 th of 
this instant, commanding me, in your Majesties name, to deliver 
the command of this your Majesties shippe wherein I serve, with 
the rest of the marchantes shippes (if they were in my possession) 
to his most Christian Majestic. This is the former part of the war- 
rant ; and then followes that I am to receive so manie persons into 
the said shippes as his Christian Majestic shalbe pleased to put into 
them, and there to be continued during the terme of the contract, 
and that this I am to obey with the greatest moderation and discre- 
tion I can. These are the very wordes of the warrant, which after 
I had often read, and in my best judgment seriously considered, I 
conceived (under correction) that the later command was contra- 
dictorie to the former, being by the first commanded to give up the 
sole command to his Christian Majestic, and by the second to receive 
so manie aboard as it pleaseth his Christian Majestic to put into 
them, during the terme of the contract, which wordes continue me 
still in the possession of them. Moreover, maie it please your 
Majestic to understand that, with the said warrant, I received a 
letter from my Lord Admirall, thereby chargeing me to deliver over 
your Majesties shippe with the rest according to the warrant, and 
to take securitie for the shippes according to the true valuation; 
but neither out of my Lord Admirall's letter, nor my Lord Con- 
way's warrant, could I perceive it to be your Majesties intention 
nor their Lordships' that I should quit your Majesties shipp to his 
Christian Majestic, or to his ministers : howbeit I had verball 
directions by my Lord Admirall's Secretarie for it, but that (in my 
opinion) was not a sufficient warrant to discharge me and my com- 
pany to surrender so greate a charge; and therefore durst not do it 
without express order from your Majestic. 

And for the valuing of any of your Majesties shippes (they are so 
precious in my estimation and so farre transcending my sphere) 



THE LOAN OP SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 269 

that I most humbli crave pardon, if I. be thought to curious and 
tender to have a hand in a matter of so great consequence. 

I have used all the best meanes I can to give his Christian 
Majestic and Monsieur de Fayat his Ambassador content herein, by 
offering to take aboard so many souldiers as convenientlie I could, 
and to goe upon any service that they should imploy me in, agre- 
able to your Majesties command: but nothing would satisfie them 
save the possession of the shippe, either by the deliverie of it upp 
into their owne handes, or by putting four hundreth souldiers 
aboarde with a cheife commander ; that so they might take it when 
they pleased, and cut all our throats, as they dayly threatened. 
And because I would not yield to either of these, his Lordship 
hath protested against me as a rebell to your Majestic, using manie 
other disgraceful!, opprobrious, and threatening speaches tending 
to the taking away of my life, except I would surrender the ship or 
receive the sayd commander with 400 souldiers aboarde, which I 
refusing, not daring to do it (having received two letters, the one 
from my Lord Admirall, and the other from ray Lord Con way of 
the 19th of this moneth to continue my charge) he gave me over 
to do what I would, and utterly denyed to give me any further 
command, though I sent expressly to offer my service to him, 
hearing that he was yesterday to leave the towne of| Deeppe to goe 
towardes the Court. 

All my Companie (if it please your Majestic) exceedingly dis- 
tasting these demandes of theirs, weighed anckor the 25th of this 
present from the Roade of Deepe, and set sayle for England with- 
out acquainting me with it, and when I demanded their reason, 
they tould me that they had rather be hanged at home then part 
with your Majesties shippe upon these terms : yet, however they 
did it without acquainting me. I must confesse I knew of it, and 
did connive; otherwise they should never have done it, and I live; 
for I had rather lose my life than my reputation in my command. 
I dare not trouble your Majestic with all the wayes and slightes 
that have bene used to make me deliver upp your Majesties shippe 



270 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

into their handes, but if either promises of great pensions during 
my life, or present sommes to be layde downe, or faire wordes, or 
threateninges would have made me yield her uppe, she had bene 
gone and (with your Majesties pardon) you maie be confident, that 
if they had once gotten the possession of her upon any termes, she 
would never have bene returned : but, although I be poore, I had 
rather live with bread and water all the dayes of my life then to be 
an actor in this busines, wherein 1 should be a traytor to your 
Majestic and my countrie. 

Thus humblie craving pardon if I have not performed Your 
Majesties will, and laying downe my life at your Sacred Majesties 
feete, and praying dayly for your Majesties many and happie dayes, 
I humblie remaine ever 

Your Majesties most humble and loyall 
subject and servant,, 

J. PENINGTON. 



86. Captain Pennington to Sec. Lord Gonway. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 133.] 

My Honorable good Lord, 

1626, July 27. I have received a letter and a warrant from your Lordship, the 
one of the 10 th ', the other of the 19 th of this present, and have 
endevoured to obey your Lordship in both. I have not now tyme 
to give your Lordship a particular account of them, but referre 
your good Lordship to my Lord Duke of Buckingham Grace for 
the same, onely your Lordship may be pleased to understand that 
I have done my best to give content to his most Christian Majestic 
and his Ambassador Mons r de Fiat; but nothing would suffice 
them but the surrender of his Majestes shippe into their handes, 
which I conceived I had not warrant for, therefore durst not do it 
upon paine of my head, so that I am returned with his Majesties 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 271 

shippe (which is all I had now under my command) to the Downes, 
where I attend his Majestes further pleasure, and ever remaine 

Your Lordships humble 

and devoted servant, 

J. PENINGTON. 

From aboard the Vangard 
in the Downes the 27 th 
day of July 1625. 

87. The demands of Sir Ferdinando Gorges and the Captains 

of the merchant ships. 
[State Papers, France, No. 175.] 

Wee. the Owners and Captaines of the English ships hyred for 1625, July 27. 
the service of his most Christian Majestie, are come hither in 
obedience to our Soveraigne Lord the King, whose pleasure is 
whee should give all content unto his most Christian Majestie, 
which wee most humbly have and doe obey; but wee hope it is 
conceaved that as we are owners and masters of our owne goods, 
so it will not bee thought unlawfull or unfitting that wee make our 
owne reasonable conditions before wee depart with them ; as also that 
wee free ourselfes from those questions and troobles wee are now in. 

First, therfore wee desire to bee freed from those advantages 
may bee taken against us, by reason of the protest published against 
us by the Marquesse D'Effiat, Ambassador Extraordinary for his 
sayd Christian Majestie, and that to be donne immediately and 
without more delay, that wee may the better and more securely treat 
upon what is else to followe for the satisffaction of both Kings. 

Next, that wee may have present security for the safe delivery 
of our Ships to us againe and satisffaction for our enterteynment; 
and the security wee presently demande (if his most Christian 
Majestie intend to bee putt in possession of our ships) is money to 
bee deposited in the Chambre of London without revocation, 
protraction, or any other impediment ; and that wee may still 
receave it as it shall growe due. This wee doe for that the former 
security of merchands stands us in no steede, because wee have 



272 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

found by experience there is stop made of our pay, and wee knowe 
not how to right ourselvee in it. 

Lastly, for that the ships of England are understood by our state 
to bee the fortresses and publique defence of that kingdome, and 
that the delivery of them into the hands of any forreigne Prince or 
state concernes no lesse the lifes of the deliverers then if they 
should render any other place of publique defence put into there 
hands wee most humbly desire, for our freedomes and securityes 
in that behalfe, wee may have full and ample warrant and authority 
under the broad seale of England for our full discharge, as also that 
wee may bee freed from bonds wee stand bound in for the not alien- 
ating of any our ordinance, and that wee may not bee questioned for 
the same by any la we allready made, or to bee made hereafter. 

And further, if it be demanded why wee are more cautious now 
then at the first drawing of our articles, wee answere bycause those 
articles were drawne by commissioners, and these are to bee donne 
our immediate selves, the first being wholy broken. 

And for that wee desire there bee no farther delay or protraction 
of tyme on our parts wee, whose names are hereunto subscribed, 
have thought fit to entreat our worthy and beloved friend Basset 
Cole, gentleman, in our behalf, and for us to present this above 
written to the right honourable the Marquese D'Effiat; and wee 
give farther unto the said Basset Cole full power and authority to 
treat upon the conclusion of all the said former articles. 
In witnes whereof wee hereunto set our hands. 

FERD: GORGES. ANTHONY TUTCHEN, 
JAMES MOYER, 
HENRY HAVEN, 
THOMAS DAVIS, 
JASPAR DRIA, 
JOHN DA VIES, for my 

selfe and Peter White. 
Dated this 27 th of July 
from aboard the Great Neptune 
of London in the roade 
of Deepe, 1625. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 273 



88. Thomas Lorkin to the Duke of Buckingham. 
[State Papers, France, No. 175.] 

May it please your Grace, 

My penne would not dare to sore thus high, had it not a good 1625, July 27. 
author and errand to warrant me therunto, but arriving at Fontaine- 
bleau yesterday I found the world somewhat amazed at the King's 
suddaine and unexpected returne from his hunting journey; his 
present entering into council; the long deliberations there; the 
frequent consultations betwixt the ministers themselves and them 
and the Embassadors of Venice and Savoy in private. Some great 
matter they deemed it to be; and the most apprehended some new 
blow from Rochell. By enquiry I learned that the subject of all 
this serious deliberation was the affaires of Italic, more particularly 
whether the warre should be openly declared upon the Spaniard in 
the Milanese, yea or no. The affirmative was resolved, and so 
assured me by a reasonable good hand, but I desired it from a 
better, and therfore, understanding that the two foresaid embassa- 
dors were then in conference with Schomberg and Herbant (about 
the same affaire as I heard afterward), I watched their issue, and 
followed them to their chamber, and there addressing my self to 
him of Savoy, told him what I heard, lett him know how much it 
imported the publique that his Majestic of Great Brittayne were 
rightly and truely informed therof, desired to hear the verity 
therof from his mouth. He first stipulated secrecy, and then 
assured me that it was most true, that therfore 1 might bouldly 
write it and make him my author; nay intreated me so to doe, and 
to direct my letters to your Grace with his most humble baisemains, 
and this further advice, that your Grace would be pleased to putt 
all in readines there, for he hoped within a few dayes to write unto 
yow himself of some farre greater matters. I have despatched away 
this bearer expressely hereupon, having nothing to adde therto, 
save that yesterday there arrived here three deputies from the 

CAMD. SOC. 2 N 



274 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

f churches in Vivaretz, to demaund (with the rest) the execution of 
the treaty of Montpellier, but protesting against the course that 
others held of seeking it by way of armes; and that (the day 
before) the King (to facilitat a good conclusion here at home) had 
dispatched away two curryers, viz. the Baron de Chavanne towards 
the Admiral, the Marshal de Praslin, and Toirax, and Le Sieur de 
Keolles to the Due d'Espernon and the Mareshal de Themines, to 
command a cessation of all acts of hostility immediately upon the 
acceptance of the conditions of peace by those of the Keligion, who 
I hope wilbe better advised then to seekc their owne overthrowe in 
the ruine of the publique. I had allmost forgott the motion which 
some deputies here have (since the combat) made in Soubize's 
behalf, that, for as much as it takes away all confidence from him of 
adventuring himself henceforth in any part of Haultain's a fleet, that 
the King would be pleased to dispose of those ships otherwise, and 
to give him in recompense some little further summe of mony, with 
some small government wherin to putt himself under covert against 
the malice of his enemies; and instance in that of Loudun. But 
the ministers (facile enough in the first point) approve not of the 
choice in the second, and offer in stead thereof Noyon in Picardie, 
which the deputies like not of. Yet this difference will (as is 
thought) be easy enough accommodated if the other once be fully 
agreed on of all parts. I will not multiply your Grace's trouble 
further, but heer most humbly prostrate myself at your Grace's 
feet, in quality of, &c. 

89. The Earl of Pembroke to Captain Pennington. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. Addenda.] 
Sir, 

1625, July 28. Since my last unto you and my message by the bearer , b the King 
is assured that warr will be declared against Spaine for Millain, and 

* The Dutch Admiral employed by the French Government. 
b Edward Ingham, see No, 66. 



THE LOAN OP SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 275 

the peace is made in France for the religion. Therfore his pleasure 
is that you peremptorily obay this last direction without reply. 

Your most assured friend, 

PEMBROKE. 8 

I pray let Sir Ferdinando Gorges understand thus much from me 
by you. 

90. Charles I. to Captain Pennington. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 135.] 
Charles R. 

Pennington. These are to charge and comaunde you, imediately 1625> Ju 'y 28 - 
upon sight hereof, that without all difficultie and delay yow put our 
former comandement in execucion for the consigning of the ship 
under your chardge called the Vantguarde into the hands of the 
Marquis d'Effiat, with all her equipage, artillery, and amunicion; 
assuring the officers of the said ship whom it may concerne, that 
wee will provide for their indempnity: and we further chardge and 
comand yow that you also require the seaven merchant shipps in 
our name to put themselves into the service of our deare brother the 
French King according to the promise wee have made unto him; 
and, in case of backwardness or refusall, we comaund you to use all 
forceable meanes in your power to compel them thereunto, even to 
their sinkinge. And in these severall chardges see yow faile not, as 
yow will answeare the contrarie at your uttermost perill : and this 
shalbe your sufficient warrant. Geven at our Court at Kichmond 
the 28 th of Julie 1625. 

91. The Duke of Buckingham to Edward Nicholas. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 136.] 
Nicholas, 

This bearer doth carry an ample and expresse commandement to 1625, July 28. 
Captaine Pennington from his Majestic for the consigning of t^e 

There is an incorrect copy, dated July 28, in the State Papers, Domestic, iv. 134. 



276 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

Vandgarde into the hands of the Marquis d'Effiat, with assurance 
to the Officers of the said Ship, that there shall be order taken for 
their indemnity, so as I expect that there shall be noe further diffi- 
culty or delay used. Upon the delivery of the ship you are to 
receave the caution stipulated by the contract, and so to returne. 
This is all that for the present you are required by 

Your loving master, 

G. BUCKINGHAM. 

From Richmond 

the 28 of July 1625. 



92. The Duke of Buckingham to Captain Pennington. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. iv. 137.] 

Captaine Penington, 

1625, July 28 I have newly receaved a longe dispatche from yow, which as yet 
I have not had the leisure to reade quite throwgh : but before the 
receipt therof, I must tell yow, that the Kinge was extremely 
offended with yow for the delayes yow used in the consigning of 
the Vantguard and therupon hath sent yow a stricte and expresse 
warrant which, if yow desire to make yowr peace, yow must not 
faile punctually to observe, and yow may doe it, and so may assure 
the marchants with the better courage and alacrity ; the peace being 
made with these of Rochelle and the rest of the religion as we have 
newly receaved certaine advice. So expecting your conformity to 
his Majesties pleasure, I continue 

Your very loving frend, 

G. BUCKINGHAM. 

From Richmond 

the 28 of August* 1625. 



By mistake for July 28. 



THE LOAN OP SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 277 



93. The three Clauses sent to the Marquis of Effiat by the 
Captains of the Merchant Ships. 

[State Papers, France 175.] 

May it please your Lordship, 

1. Havinge bin soe vehemently pressed by Mr. Nicholas, Secre- l *' 25> July 
tary to our Lord Admirall, to deliver our Shipps before security 

given to our content, contrary to former propositions, howsoever it 
pleaseth him to conceive of it, without offenee wee hould it un- 
reasonable; and doe answere therounto that, before wee receave our 
security, wee will deliver none of our shipps out of our possessions. 

2. As for the valuacion of our Shipps, wee have heerewith sent 
it as wee purpose to stand unto, without abatement of anie thinge, 
much or little, wherein wee hope wee shall not give occasion of 
offence, seeinge it is as lawfull for the owner to sett his owne price, 
as it is for the buyer to leave or take. 

3. Lastly, wee expecte to have the former propositions sent your 
Lordship by Mr. Nicholas fully to be observed in all things, savinge 
that for the security in present money to be deposited ; and of the 
rest noe more question to bee made, for that without it wee dare 
not proceed any further. To all which wee desire a present answere 
that itmay appeare the delays rest not of our parte. Thus comittinge 
your Lordship to God's holy proteccion wee rest 

Your Lordships humble servants 

FEKD: GORGE, 
JAMES MOYER, 
ANTHONY TUTCHEN. 
THO: DAVIS, 
JESPER DARE, 
HENRY LEWIN, 
JOHN DAVIS. 

Dated in the roade of Deepe 
the 30 of July 1625. 



278 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

94. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to Edward Nicholas. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. v. 3.] 
Sir, 

1625, Aug. l. I shall desire you to remember my service to my Lord Em- 
bassador and to give hym to understand that I have nowe noe more 
power to perswade these people to stayp heere any longer, for they 
finde the stormes like to come in, and the roade to be exceedinge 
dangerous; wheruppon they conclude a necessity of their departure 
for the coastes of England, where wee purpose to attend his Excel- 
lencyes further pleasure and commandes. For my particuler I will 
doe the best I can to recover Portsmouth, as the most convenient 
place (as the tyme nowe is) to send and heare from the Court, and 
to dispatche those busines that you knowe is necessarily to be 
dispatched. 

You maye further give his Excellency to understand that I am 
exceeding sorry, things so fall out that itt is nott in my power to 
returne his respects unto me for the honor he hath done mee in my 
Lady Marquise coming aboard, and for sending his two younge 
Jewells to me yesterdaye with his kinde and noble invitements: 
For all which he shall assuredly finde I will continue to rest his 
humble servant. I praye you to remember my service unto my Lady 
Marquise, with many thankes to her honor for her noble favor: 
and as I expect shortly to returne agayne, so I will nott fayle 
(under her favor) humbly to kisse her handes ashoare. Thus with 
my love remembred unto yourself I will continue and rest 
Your assured loving Frend 

FEED: GORGES. 

From aboard the 

Great Neptune in the rode of Deepe 
The first of August 1625. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 279 

95. The Duke of Montmorency, Admiral of France , to 
Captain Pennington. 

[State Papers, France, No. 175.] 
Monsieur, 

Sur 1'avis que m'a este donne que vous estiez revenu a la radde 1626, Aug. -j 
de Dieppe avec nouvel ordre de servir le Eoy en son armee navalle, 
je vous fais celle cy pour vous suplier de vous rendre en ce lieu le 
plustost quil vous sera possible, pour y joindre la dite armee, affin 
qu'estant assiste de vos forces et de vos bons conseils, nous puissions 
ensemblement avoir plus d'aventage sur les rebelles. Je VOUB con- 
jure done de faire dilligence parceque le temps presse, et de croire 
que je ne perdray point d'occasion de vous y tesmoigner 1'estime 
que je fais de vostre merite, et que je suis, Monsieur, 
Vostre tres affectionne 

a vous faire service, 

H. MONTMOKENCT. 

Sables le 11 Aonst, 1625. 

96. Captain Pennington to Edward Nicholas. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. Y. 7.] 
Sir, 

I ame nowe returned with a sufficient warrant to purforme the 1625, Aug. 3. 
service my Lord Ambass [ad] or's desires, and ame redy instantly to 
surrender hur up into his handes, soe sone as hee plaseth to provide 
us barkes to carie us off, and to cause the rest to doe the like or 
sincke by their sides. Soe sone as I ame come to an anker and 
have spoaken with them 1 will come ashore and waight upon my 
Lord and acquaint him further. In the meane time I pray 
remember my humble service to him, and with the like to your- 
selfe 1 rest 

Your most assured lo[vinge] 

frend to serve you 

J. PENINGTON. 

3 August, 
Vangard. 



280 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

97. Offer of the Captains and Masters of the Merchant Ships. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. v. 13.] 

1625, Aug. 4. We are content if we may have severall cautions for every of our 
shipps given us by sufficyent merchauntes in Diepe to be transferred 
over into England, and there to be given by Mr. Burlemach and 
others sufficyent Euglishe merchauntes for our shipps within fifteene 
dayes after the delivery over of them into the hands of the Marquis 
d'Effiat for the most Christian King; and that if we may have one 
monethes present pay for our men and security for the payment of 
thother monethes pay (both which was due the 28th of July last), 
to be paid in London within 15 dayes after the delivery of our 
shipps, 

That then we will deliver our shipps unto the said Marquis 
d'Effiat for the service of the most Christian Kinge according to 
his Majestes commaund. 

Aborde the Industry 
4 August! 1625, st. Angl. 

Witnesses, Edw." 

98. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to Lord Conway. 

[State Papers, Charles I. Domestic, v. 18.] 
My Lord, 

1625, Aug. 5. I doubt nott but his Majestic will receave sharpe informacions 
agaynst mee from the Marquesse de Fiat; as if I had been a violent 
enimye to the affayres of his master; but (Sir) you shall finde the 
truth to be, I stood for the honor of my nation, and the safety and 
proffitt of myselfe, being engaged in that ymployment a matter of 
tenne or eleven thowsand powndes, a portion too great to be 
hazarded without just reason or sound consideration, att the least 
when itt came to myne owne share to capitulate for myself as att 
the present itt did ; for no we I was att the Ambassador's desire, 
and his Majestes comaund, to resigne my shippe and her provisions 

a Sic. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 281 

wholy to the possession of the French, uppon a newe agreement ; 
the first contract (made by the Commissioners) being voyde ; and 
uppon this ground I propounded such conditions for myself and 
the merchauntes then present as were conceaved to be reasonable, 
namely that we would be freed from the advantages he pretended 
agaynst us by reason of his protest: and that wee might be secured 
for the safe delivery of our shipps unto us agayne, and duely sattisfied 
[of] our entertaynement for their imployementes : lastly, that we 
might have sufficient warrant from his Majestic for putting our 
shippes into the handes of strangers, which we knowe to be a matter 
of noe meane consequence ; and howsoever reasonable these condi- 
tions were thought to bee yet his Lordship seemed to take itt 
somethinge tenderly, conceaving that he had sufficiently determined 
all those things att Rochester, where there was some conferences 
betweene the three Embassadors and two of the masters of the 
shippes: att what tyme their Lordships offerred their owne securi- 
tyes, which although itt was honorable and becoming their greatnes, 
yett was itt nott receaved by the masters (as they solemnly protest) 
as fitt for the quallityes of merchantes to accept of: yet agayne his 
Lordship required to be punctually sattisfyed, whither we would 
stand to itt or nott; to the which we as playnely answered that 
althoughe wee esteemed itt to be very honorable yett nott compe- 
tent for men of our quallityes to deale with, butt if he pleased to 
give us security by Merchants in Paris, to be transferred from them 
to Merchants in London responsible, itt should sattisfye us for that 
perticuler, butt we likewise expected the accomplishment of the 
rest of our atricles, or otherwise wee could proceed noe further: 
butt after many debatements att the last, his Lordship seemed to 
approve of the reasonablenes of our demaunds, and gave me to 
understand by my Cozen Cole (whom I have wholy imployed in 
this busines, and nowe send to your Lordship with the rest of the 
particulers more att large) that he had sent them to Paris, and 
looked for a speedy answere. So wee attended in expectation 
therof. In the meane while, Capt. Pennington returned with 

CAMD. SOO. 2 O 



282 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

order from his Majestie for his delivery of the Vantguard and her 
furniture into the hands of the Erabassador, with like order to hym 
to cause the merchants to doe as much. Whereat being extra- 
ordinarily perplexed for the present, and finding that the Embas- 
sador thought by that oppertunity to be master of my goods in 
dispighte of mee, and to accompt for the same att his owne will, 
and having itt in his power to take all advantages agaynst mee 
(being now in possession of my shippe) that the quilletts of lawe 
would give hym, by reason of the former protest; and assuring 
myself, itt could by noe meanes stand with his Majestes royall pur- 
pose to ruyne his owne subjects to pleasure strangers; as also con- 
ceaving a warrant directed to Capt. Penington onely to be noe 
sufficient discharge for me, if after I should be questioned legally 
in myne owne Countrey, I resolved to putt myself to his Majestes 
mercye for detayning my shippe, notwithstanding Capt. Penington's 
order in that behalfe, unlesse the Embassador gave mee the security 
formerly propounded, which he refused to doe : and theruppon I 
tooke the oppertunity to sett sayle, giving his Lordship to under- 
stand (before this occasion fell out) that there was a necessity for 
me to goe to the coastes of England with my shippe, that rode being 
unsafe to her to ryde, wherein we had sufferred a desperate storme, 
with much perrill for eight and forty howers together ; and that 
if those articles were accepted, the shippe should be alwayes readye 
to attend his Lordship's comaundes, the which I am still willing to 
accomplish. 

Now, my good Lord, if in any thinge thus done by mee I have 
omitted what in duty or discretion I was bound to doe, I humbly 
crave pardon of his most royall Majestie, to whose mercye and grace 
I submitt myself, my life, and goodes to be disposed of accordinge 
to his gratious pleasure, and for the mayntenance of whose honor 
and happines I will at all tymes readily render the same ; and of 
thus much I shall humbly desire your Lordship will acquaynt his 
sacred Majestie in my behalf, and vouchsafe me that noble favor 
as to use your best meanes to excuse my errors; and for that, as for 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 283 

many other your honorable cares taken of mee and myne, I will for 

ever rest 

Your Lordships humble servant, 

FEED. GORGES. 

From aboard the Great Neptune 

off of Beachy the 5 th of August 1625. 



99. Thomas Lorkin to Lord Conway. 

[State Papers, France, No. 175.J 
Right Honorable, 

Having some two dayes since made a posting journy to Paris to 1625, Aug. 
redeeme an English gentleman (Mr. Slingsby) out of the hands of 
a most partiall and rigorous judge, who for that he had lightly 
wounded a sergeant that, contrary to all formes of justice, came to 
seize upon his person for a small debt of fourty crownes, meditated 
against him conclusions of death (from which danger I have now 
freed him by enlarging him out of prison and evoking his cause 
before the Council) ; I there mett with another suite of like nature 
from nine poore English mariners who being in hard and miserable 
durance at Rennes (for such cause as their enclosed letter, directed 
to the Embassador but delyvered me to execute the contents, will 
manifest) desire to have the hearing of the matter transferred hither. 
Immediately therefore upon my returne back to Court, I moved 
Mons r de la Ville aux Clercs therin, who tould me, that such evoca- 
tion could not be graunted, till the King were first informed from 
the Judges of the charges that were against them : but this he 
would doe, cause the King to write to his Procureur Generall to 
send such informations as were against them hether, and in the 
interim to surcease the processe and to treate them kindely, ancf 
(after the allegations scene) take such course as should be best 
sutable with equity and justice. For my better expedition heerin 
he referred me to Mons. d'Aucaire, to whose department the affaires 
of Brettany fall. 'To him therfore I addressed my self, where I mett 
with the newes (even fresh as they came) of the approach of Spinola's 



284 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

troupes upon this frontier ; fourteen thowsand of his infanterie 
having shewed themselves within two leagues of Rocroy (which is 
is not above six distant from Sedan), besides a great number of 
Cosaques, that appeare about Chappelle in the edge of Picardy. 
Their countenance lookes towards the Messin, as if there they would 
mainteyne the Lorrayne quarrel. It hath allarmed them exceedingly 
heer and leaves divers doubtfull of the issue, whether it will animate 
or quel their courage. The Savoyard Embassador seemes confident 
of the former, who sending for me yesternight assured me, that the 
declaration of warre in the Dutchie of Milan will (the rather) hould 
good. For the felicitating which designe this order is taken: 

1. That the eleven regiments of infantery in Piedmont (which 
ought to be of a thowsand men a peice, but are now reduced to 
little more then fifteen hundred in all) shall (by recrewes) be made 
compleate, and that three thowsand five hundred are allready upon 
the way to joigne their fellows that are left. 

2 1 ?. That the nineteen companies of cavallery which (by right) 
should make up the number of twelve hundred, shall not only by 
the like recrewes be filled up, but every one receyve an augmenta- 
tion of fifty. To which ends three payes are (for certeine) avanced 
both to horse and foote; and the mony allready in the banquers 
hands at Lyons to be employed to those purposes. 

S 1 ^. Besides these recrewes, six regiments more, viz*: three of 
Champagne, and three of Languedoc (consisting each of a thow- 
sand men) shall leave those stations and passe the mountaines, and 
other new ones shalbe substituted in their place. This re-inforce- 
ment (as I am told from very good part) is upon Queen Mother's 
charge, who raises besides, upon her owne proper cost, foure 
hundred horse and will (for her daughter's* sake) maintayne pay 
to both. 

4 1 ?. Five hundred horse out of the same Province of Cham 
pagne, and as many more out of the Lionnois are promised to be 
added to the above-mentioned companies. So that in all they 
a Christina, Princess of Piedmont, 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 285 

make accompt of seventeen thowsand foote, and three thowsand 
horse, that shall display their banners in Piedmont; the supplement 
of all which troupes shalbe conducted thether by Mons. de Vig- 
nolles, an ancient and experienced captayne, sometymes a Pro- 
testant, but now a Catholique, and of the order du Sainct Espritt. 

Against some doubt I discovered that all this was but a French 
flash or flourish, either to serve as a counter battery against the 
Spanish bravado, or to beate down the price of the treaty with the 
Legat; He promptly reply ed, No, no. For, as far as the recreues, 
it is, quoth he, past all peradventures, the money being allready 
disbursed. For the rest, the King and ministers have promised 
that likewise. If they make good their word, it wilbe so much the 
better ; if not, we must be content with what we can gett. But 
for the recreues (repeated he) that is most certeyne and assured. 
To two arguments, which I drew from the Constable's* and Vaube- 
court's returne, he answered that the first had never past the moun- 
taines, but remayned still in Piedmont : that the second retired 
by reason of some bad intelligence betwixt him and the Marquis de 
Co3uvre, which was such as his presence did more hurt then good. 
As for the Legate, he bad me not deceyve myself, car on leveroit 
la masque Men tost, quand la paix avec ceux de la Religion seroit 
une fois asseur^e. But if it be true (which the Hollander Em- 
bassador reports to have receyved from very good part) that the 
Legat bends his course shortly towards Spaine, I shalbe very 
jealous of that darke and cloudy negotiation. And so perhaps are 
they heer of his Majesties real meaning to lend assistance against 
the Huguenots ; sith they finde themselves entangled with new 
difficulties about the ships, wherof I beleeve your Lordship will 
heare a fresh complaint by a courrier that Mons. de la Ville aux 
Clercs dispatched away in diligence yesternight. Perhaps like- 
wise he may solicit some prompt assistance from England, in case 
those great forces which Spinola is said to have gathered together 
about Dunquerque come rushing upon them either by a siege of 
a The Duke of Lesdignieres. 



286 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

Calais (which they seeme greatly to apprehend) or els where. 
They have this day dispatched away, by two several wayes towards 
the States upon the self same subject, earnestly conjuring them 
that if the cloud fall heer, they will come thundring in upon their 
backs, promising in requitall to assist them in like manner with 
mony and men, if it shall turne towards their quarters, and for 
further encouragement assure their embassador of the summes (so 
long since promised but hetherto delayed) sometyme next week, 
though they take it up at interest. 

Of the acceptance of the conditions of peace nothing is yett 
arrived. Wee expect newes daily, nay hourely. The long delay 
argues some contestation about it, whence many conceyve hope 
that the better and more moderate part will cary it. My next will 
undoubtedly cleer this point, which I shall doe with all possible 
diligence, because t thinck it will highly concerne his Majesties 
service and the publique's, wherunto I am ready in all humble 
devotion to sacrifice myself, and so I am to verifye to your 
Lordship by the best demonstrations I may that I eternally rest 
Your Lordships 

most humble most faithfull 

and most obedient servant 

THO : LORKIN. 

Tomorrow the Legat thincks to make this Court happy by saying 
his first masse, for which the new chappel is very richly adorned. 

Fontainebleau this Thursday afternoone 
being Aug. the 14 th 1625 st. n. 

I most humbly beseech your Lordship to dispatch back this 
bearer my servant with the first occasion. I have delyvered to him 
heer twelve pounds for his voyage, but if the Court be farre from 
London I feare it will not be sufficient. The King is now well 
recovered and gone this afternoone abroad a hunting. I send 
herewith two letters from the Savoyard Embassador, one to the 
Duke of Buckingham's Grace, the other to your Lordship. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 287 

4 

100, Sir Ferdinando Gorges to the Duke of Buckingham. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. v. 19.] 

Maye itt please your Grace, . 1625, Aug. 5. 

I have endevored what laye in my power to observe your Excel- 
lencyes comaunds, and was perswaded that I had brought things to 
reasonable heads, both for myself and the rest of the merchants, in 
that wee insisted uppon three propositions: the first to be free from 
the embassador's protest: secondly to have security for the re- 
delivery of our shipps and satisfaction of our paye : and lastly to 
have sufficient warrant from our Soveraigne Lord the Kinge for 
putting our shipps into the hands of strangers. The Marquesse to 
this replyed he would nott budge a tittle from the contract made 
att Kochester betwixt the three embassadors and two of the mar- 
chants, which contract the merchants disclayme and never gave 
(they saye) their consent unto, which appeeres by their nott signing 
to that the three embassadors putt to their marks; and theruppon, 
although wee (att the rode in Deepe) acknowledged the security of 
Rochester very honorable , yett humbly refused itt, and chose rather 
the security of merchants, as best suting with our rancks and qualli- 
tyes. Butt the Marquesse, entering into further treatyes with us, 
att last demaunded the valuation of our shipps, and thought our 
propositions so reasonable that he pretended to us he had sent them 
to Paris to receave their answeare; butt being thus in expectation 
of what wee were to heare from the French Court, his Majestes 
shippe the Vantguard came to us with a warrant from his Majestie 
to render herselfe and us to the hands of the Marquesse; that itt 
seemed most strange to us all, butt particulerly to myselfe, who have 
my whole estate in my ship, besydes three thowsand pownds I stand 
indebted for ; so that I choose to putt myself rather uppon my most 
gratious Soveraignes pittye and mercye, both for my estate and 
life, then to give itt unto strangers without any satisfaction either 



288 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

to my estate or creditt ; and itt will stand more with the King's 
honor and my owne particuler safety in future tymes (as I conceave) 
that his Majestic make this an act of his owne, and take our shippe 
into his owne possession, either to be sent by his Majestic where 
the French desireth, or els to be receaved by the French heere in 
England att the port where shee lyeth. Therefore, Sir, my most 
humble sute unto your Grace is, that, if I have done otherwise then 
becomed mee in this busines, you would be pleased to interpret itt 
an error in my understanding nott in my affeccions, and mediate ot 
his Majestic to shewe unto hym, that I thincke I cannott better 
dispose of my goods then to transferre them wholy to his Majestes 
disposall; which I humbly leave to your Grace's most serious con- 
sideration, to whom I desire to approve myself in all humility and 
service 

Your Grace's 

most respective servant 

FEED: GORGES. 

From aboard the Great Neptune 
off of Beachy the 6th of August 1625. 



101. Note of the Agreement between the Captain of the merchant 
ships and the Marquis of Effiat. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. v. 21.") 

1625, Aug. 5. First for 6 months wee are to have of full paye at 4CO per 
month. 

After sixe months to have 250 per month for the ship and to 
be paid a months paye before hand. 

For good sekuritye to be given us hier in Deap to be tranceferd 
to London uppon Mr. Burlamack or other marchant whom we 
shall accept accorden to the vallewation. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 289 

To paye for our puder and shott which wee shall leave in the ship 
and mach. 

[Indorsed] . 

Perles security 4500 lb 
Industry security 5000 
Gift of God 3200 

Pierre & John 2800 
Loyalty 2800 

Marygolde 3000 

21300 

102. Receipt given for the Vanguard ~by the Marquis of Effiat. 
[State Papers, France, No. 176.] 

Nous Anthoine Ruze, Marquis D'effiat, Chevalier des orders du 1625, Aug. 
Roy, Conseiller en son Conseil d'estat, Grand Maistre des Mines 
et Minieres de France, premier Escuyer de la grande Escurye de 
Sa Majeste, et son Ambassadeur extraordinaire prez le Roy de la 
Grande Bretaigne. Nous estantz transporte en ce lieu pour recevoir 
les navires que le- dit Roy de la Grande Bretaigne avoyt prestez, 
certifions a tous qu'il appartiendra, que le Sieur Penington, Capitaine 
du vaisseau de Sa Majeste* de la Grande Bretaigne nomme 1'advant- 
garde nous a remis le dit vaisseau entre les mains avec quarante 
pieces de canon de fonte verte garny et muny de toutes choses 
necessaires, provizions de guerre, munytions, et victuailles suivant 
Finventaire qu'il nous en a donne* cy devant; en tesmoing de quoy 
nous avons delivre* le present certifficat au dit Sieur Penington pour 
luy servir en besoing sera, que nous avons pour cet effect voullu 
signer de nostre propre main et a icelluy faict appozer cachet de 
nos armes et faict contresigner par nostre Secretaire. A Dieppe ce 
xv e jour D'Aoust xvi Cent vingt cincq 

D'EFFIAT 
par mon dit Seigneur. 

CAMD. SOC. 2 P 



290 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 



103. The Marquis of Effiat to the Duke of Buckingham. 

[State Papers, France, No. 175. J 
1625, Aug. -jV Monsieur, 

La derniere depesche que V. E. a envoye" a faict paroistre les 
intentions du Roy de la Grande Bretaigne aussy pures, et voz 
procedures aussy nettes, que Ion les scauroyt dezirer, et que je les 
ay tousjours creu : et cette derniere action est telle que la calomnie 
n'y scauroyt trouver a redire : car Mons. le Cappitaine Penington 
est revenu dans une humeur sy obeyssante qu'il a faict tout ce dont 
je lay supplie, et s'est tres prudemment et dignement acquitte de sa 
charge, ce quy m'oblige de supplier V. E. de le voulloir conserver 
en voz bonnes graces comme il le merite, et que les plaintes que 
j'ay faict de luy ne soyent pas subject de 1'en esloigner, car j'en 
serois au derppoir* m'ayant par sa derniere action engaige a estre 
toutes ma vye son serviteur, et sy j'oserois repondre quil vous 
honore comme il doibt, et est extraordinairement passionne au 
service du Roy son Maistre, et me 1'a bien faict veoir par le reffuz 
qu'il a faict de toutes les propositions que je luy ay offert bien 
qu'elles fussent considerables, m'ayant remiz a faire response aprez 
qu'il en aura la permission du Roy et de V. E. le quy ma semble 
trop raizounable pour y contrarier. Quant a Mons r vostre secre tre je 
1'ay retenu jusques a cette heure avec toute sorte de violence, dont 
je vous demande pardon, et sy je ne m'en repens pas ; car sans luy, 
je n'eusse rien faict, ayant parfaictement suivy 1'orde que V. E. luy 
avoyt donne de faire tout ce que je voudrois, dont jay bien abuze, 
car je luy ay donne milles peynes et n'avoyt autre consolation que 
celle quy luy persuadoit, que ce qu'il faizoit seroy t agreable a V. E. ; 
car ces Marchandz nous mettoyent tous les jours au desespoir et 
Ferdinand de Gorges quy dizoyt quil estoyt venu pour raccommoder 
le tout, a este 1'autheur de tout le mal, envoyant qu'il ne pouvoyt 
depenser amener les autres, s'en est alle tout seul. Mais je n'en 

? desespoir. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 291 

parle pas au Roy ny a V. E. Les autres me faizantz esperer son 
retour, j'attenderay encor un jour ou deux, devant que le vous en 
importuner, esperant n'avoir point subject de le faire, et que le 
contentement sera entier. Cependaut je supplie V. E. ; sy j'ay 
quelque credit auprez d'elle, de tesmoigner sa parfaicte et bonne 
volonte a Mon r Nicolas, car je vous assure qu'il n'y a rien au 
monde quy passione son service comme luy, et moy qui suis et 
seray en mon partieulier jusques au tombeau de Votre Excellence. 

Monsieur, 

Tres humble et tres fidel serviteur, 

D'EFFIAT. 

A Dieppe, 
ce xyj jour d' Aoust 1625. 



104 The Marquis of Effiat to Charles I. 
[State Papers, France, No. 175.] 

Sire, 1625, Aug. 

Le Capitaine Penington a dezire que son retour fust accompaigne 
de ce mot, pour faire cognoistre a Vostre Majeste comme il s'est 
dignement acquitte de la charge quil avoyt recue de me donner 
contentement en ce quy estoyt de la livraizon du vaisseau que 
V. M. preste au Roy mon Maistre, a quoy il parfaictment obey et 
confesse quil est homme dun rare merite et digne des commande- 
mentz d'un sy grand Roy, quy oblige tous ceux quy out eu 
1'honneur de le veoir, de prier Dieu de le remplire de ses bene- 
dictions, et demeurer de \ 7 ostre Majeste 

Sire 

Tres humble tres obeissant 
et tres fidel serviteur 
DEFFIAT. 

Dieppe, 
ce xvj e d' Aoust 1625. 



292 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

105. Thomas Lorkin to Lord Conway [Extract], 

[State Papers, France, No. 175.] 
1626, Aug. ft. Right Honorable, 

That -which my last of the fourteenth promised, this cannot 
performe, the full cleering of the treaty of peace with them of the 
Religion : it being unhappily embroyled by a new accident : for 
whilst they at Rochel were in serious deliberation therupon, and 
the better and more moderate sort buisily employed to sweigh the 
people to accept the King's offers : Toirax (by the suggestion, they 
say heer of the Prince of Conde) issued out with all his force upon 
the repers, as they were gathering in their corne, under the favor 
of some military assistance .from the towne : slew divers, tooke 
divers prisoners, and sett fire in a great part of their harvest ; which 
so irritated the inhabitants (fierily- enough disposed before) as, 
laying all counsel aside, they betooke themselves to their armes, 
and incontinently made the canon play upon the enemyes troupes 
and fort ; and, sending forth all the ships they had to the succor of 
Soubize, summon' d him to give the Admiral combat with the first 
oportunity. The newes no sooner arrived heer, but it opened the 
ministers' mouthes wide, not onely against the perfidy of the 
Rochelers, as if they were sole faulty (whereas, in trueth, the 
original proceeds from their owne partye) but against all hopes of 
reconciliation likewise. 

***** 

THO : LORKIN. 

Fontainebleau, 
Aug. 21, 1625, st. n. 

106. TJie Duke of Buckingham to the Commissioners of the Navy. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. v. 40.] 

1625, Aug. 13. After my hartie commendacions. Whereas this bearer Capt. 
John Pennington hath for neere theis five monthes served in his 
Majestes shippe the Vanguard as Admirall of the eight shipps lent 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 293 

unto the most Christian King, wherein he hath bene at a greater 
charge then ordinary; for which services I am informed there is 
very good paye allowed by the said King, and allready paid into 
the hands of Sir William Kussell Treasurar of the Navy : These 
are to pray and require you to give present order to the said 
Treasurar of the Navy to make speedy payment unto the said 
Captain e out of the Money es allowed by the French King at the 
rate of 3 per diem from the date of the contracte made with 
the Marquess D'Effiat for the said shipps untill this daye, the 
like allowances haveing bene heretofore given unto Admiralls of 
Squadrons for their services. And this shalbe your warrant. From 
Woodstock the 13 th of August 1625. 

Your loveing Freind 
G. B. 

107. Sir Ferdinando Gorges to Lord Conway. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles L, T. 69.] 
Right Honorable, 1625, Aug. 23. 

I shall entreat your Lordship to doe mee the favour to give mee 
your Lordship's warrant for the master of my ship and some of his 
mates to come before your Lordship to answere to such matters as 
for there severall mutinies and disorders by them committed 1 have 
to object against them ; as also the suspition I conceave of there 
practizes to runne away with my ship ; and that therfore I shall 
further entreat your Lordships favour that I may have the helpe 
of some of the King's Ships' men to bring myne into the harbour, 
because synce my coming hither most of my men are either sicke 
or prest away and 1 lye in danger (if a storme should come) heere 
in the rode. And I shall allwaies bee bound to rest 

Your Lordships humble servant 

FEED: GORGES. 

From aboard the 
Great Neptune in Stokes Bay 
August 23, 1625. 



294 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 



108. Report of Edward Nicholas to the House of Commons. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. xxv. 98.] 

1626 April ^ was sen * over ^7 m y Lord & Master. I pray be pleased to 
consider that this is a matter of state whereof I may not make a full 
declaracion without leave from his Majestic and my Lord and Master. 
Only I wilbe bould to give you this generall informacion that att 
Rochester my Lord spake with Capt. Moyer and Capt. Tutchin, 
who may well remember what his Lordshipps owne direccions were 
unto them, whereto they were in all reason more to trust then to 
any thing I should tell them, without shewing a warrant for what 
I said. 

Uppon my credditt what I doe conceale in this is to my Lord's 
disadvantage, for if I had libertie to make knowne all the passages 
of this busines it would be much to my Lord's honor. 

That which I wrought to the Captains was only grounded on my 
Lord Conwey's lettre which they receaved before my Lord spake 
with them att Rochester. If I said or writt otherwise to them they 
were not to have trusted to it without seeing my warraunt and 
instruccions. . 

For that which I receaved from the Ambassador it was given 
when I tooke my leave of him and without any contract or expec- 
tacion of myne, neither did I conceale it, and I can boldly say I 
was a looser by that imployment: and there are some here present 
that can testify that I have refused to receave a bribe. 



109. Edward Nicholas to Captain Pennington. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. Addenda.] 
1626, May 6. Noble Capt : 

Albeit this inclosure will hasten you hither that I may more 
freely discourse with you, yett I cannot lett this paikett passe 
without a lettre from me. The officers of the Ordnance complayned 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 295 

much that you not only transferred the ordnance out of one shipp 
into another att Plimouth, but all other the municion, whereby 
they know not what ordnance to require or remaynes to expect 
from the fleete, by reason their bookes by such translacion are 
imperfect ; wherefore I pray have a care to keepe a perfect booke 
of every peece of ordnance and parcell of powder and amunicion 
that you have taken out of the fleete, and expresse in it out of what 
shipp you have taken it, and into what shipps you have put them. 
The officers of the ordnance finde most fault with you for that in all 
this tyme you have not sent upp for them such a booke to thend 
they may know what and of whome to demaund such things. 

The Vantgarde and the 6 merchants shipps are come to Stokes 
Bay, but you are to satisfye the Parliament by whose and what 
warrant you delivered them to the French. The masters of the 
merchants shipps have some of them said that it was by my Lord's 
comaund, and by reason of threatning speeches which I used to 
them by order from my Lord, but this wilbe, I doubt, disproved by 
many witnesses, and by some of them when they shall speake on 
their oathes. It is true that before the Amb[assa]dour or his people 
I did often charge them aloude to deliver them over according to 
my Lord Conwey's lettre, and the King's pleasure, but I fell from 
that language when we were privatt with the Masters, and you may 
remember how often I tould you I had noe warrant or order from 
my Lord for delivery over of those shipps, and thoughe I did not 
wishe yow to goe over into England, yet I thinke you may well 
remember I tould yow, yow had not warrant nor could I give you 
any to deliver them, and that my Lord was absolutely against the 
lending of them ; but I pray keepe it to yourself untill you shalbe 
called on oath and have leave from the King to declare that I toulde 
you I came over rather to hinder then further the delivery or loane 
of those shipps. For when I shall have leave from the Kinge and 
shall speake on my oath, I must sweare my Lo: comanded me to 
carry myself with all due respect to the Amb [assa]dour, and to 
apply myself to give him contentment, but to crosse and hinder the 



296 THE DUKE OP BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

delivery of the shipps. I leave the rest of the passages of this 
businesses till wee raeete ; but there be some that would fayne have 
it prooved that my Lord was the cause and principall agent for the 
lending of these shipps, which I must on my oath sweare to the 
contrary. I rest in hast desiring you to have a care to dispose of 
all the shipps and leave them in charge with the most discreete men 
with you. 

1 am 

your humble servant 

EDW: NICHOLAS. 



110. Certificat that the Englishe shipps did noe hurt against 

Rochelle. 

[State Papers, France, No. 181.] 

1626, May 15. Nous soubz signez Cappitaines et lieutenants des vaisseau[x] 
Anglois par commission du Roy nostre maistre soubz la charge de 
Monseigneur le due de Montmorensy grand admiral de France et 
a present soubz la charge et conduitte de Monsieur de Razilly 
general des sus dits vaisseaus ; Certifions a tous qu'il apartiendra 
que le navire nomme 1'Avangarde n'a faict aucun effect quy soit 
digne de remaique a la deffaicte des vaisseaus de Monsieur de 
Soubize, et de la prise de Re, d'autant que le diet navire tiroit 
trop deau et ne pouvoit aprocher plus pres des ennemis que de la 
portee d'une coulevrine au plus, et d'ailleurs que le Cappitaine 
quy commandoit le diet navire avoit ordre de tenir le corps de 
larmee, le quel certificat avons signez pour valloir a telle fin que de 
raison, ce quinziesme de May mil six cens vingt six. 

NOEUVILLE 

DE BONNEVILLE 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 297 



111. The Chevalier de Razilly to the Duke of Buckingham. 
[State Papers, France, No. 181.] 

Monseignieur, 1626 > Ma J 

Je me resans infiniment oblige au roy de la Grande Bretayne et 
a 1'ordre qu'il applu* a vostre grandeur de donner de me fayre 
conduyre au b France avec quatre navire de. guesre. Je say byan 
que je ne merite pas tels honneurs, mes le tout redonde pour 1'amour 
du roy mon mestre, ou je ne manquere d'informer sa Mageste des 
faveurs que je resoys au ce royaume, mesme les cortoesie de Monsieur 
le general, de Palma ne ce peuve exprimer. J'ay livere' le navire 
1'Avantgarde avec tous ces canons, voylles, cablles ancres, mousques, 
et ne manque que quelque menus hustancylle quy ne valle la pene 
d'an parller. C'est un tres bon vesceau de guesre que 1'Avant- 
garde, mes non pas propre pour ce batre es mers vers la Kochelle 
acosce d qu' elle tire trop d'eau et trop longue, quy aupesche de 
pouvoyr virer, tourner proutemant autre les bans 6 de 1'ile de Eay, 
et provoyant cela, monseigneur le Dug de Monmoransy, grand 
amyral de France, ne voulut sy anbarquer les jours de bataylle, et 
donna le combat dans le navire de Monsieur Hoteri, ou je 1'acon- 
pagnie, et avefayt. f Le dyt vesceau lAvantgarde ne s'aprocha des 
enemys que d'une grand portee de couleverine mesme les ostre 
vesceaus Anglois marchans, tirant forte eau ne pure ausy aprocher, 
c'enest pas quy n'y hat g de tres braves capitaynes dans les sudys h 
vesceaus, mes il ne pouvoyt temoignier au ce lieu la leurs courage; 
mintenant la pays 1 est fayte avec les rocheloys santans k mon roy 
leurs a pardonne" : alors quy n'an pouvoyt plus au faveur du roy de 
la Grande Bretayne, byan que sa ate 1 une clemanse extreme de par- 
donner a des suges rebelles, les quels alors que mon roy avoyt leve 
les armes pour les porter contre les etrangers enemys commu[n]s de 

plu. b en. utensil. d a cause. e ? banes. f avais fait 

? a. h susdits. ! paix. k sic. ' sic. 

CAMD. SOC. 2 Q 



298 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

France at Angletesre ; neanmoys sans oqun suget les sudys rocheloys 
prire les navires du roy at les ylles de Ray at Olerou et fire plusiaurs 
volerye surs toutes sortes de marchans, tant Fransoys que Angloys 
at Hollandoys : mes ce netoyt la premiere foys que les sudys 
rocheloys avoyt coumys telles revoke et insolance centre le roy, car 
seulement depuys seinq ans cella leurs ast arive troys foys at ne 
peuve dyre que jamays 1'on ayt force an France oqun de la religion 
pretandue d'aller a la mesce, car toute liberte a toujours ate permi 
at cera pareillemant a 1'avenyr. Je croy que le roy de la Grande 
Bretayne et mescyeurs des atas de Holande se sont tres contans que 
les afayres soynt pascee an France ave(c) toute clemance, at que les 
Rocheloys rande a mon roy lobeysance quy doyve a sa Majeste, at 
mintenant que la pays est an France dans le royaume Ton poura 
anteprande des guesres atrangere et ce goindre au pareil einteres 
avec le roy de la Grande Bretayne, je desireroys quy ce presantat 
oquasion ou je puse sarvir sa majeste ; je my porteroys dafection at 
temongnieray aus affays a vostre grandeur que je suys a jamays, 
Monseignieur, 

Vostre tres humble 

et tres obeysant serviteur, 
LE CHEVALLYAR DE RAZILLY. 

A la rade de 
1'ille Ihuyt 
abort de la rimbarge 
le 26 de May 1626. 



112 Notes by Edward Nicholas on his imployment at Dieppe. 
[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I. xxvii 111.] 

1626. May ? My Instructions were to this effecte : 

To imploy my best endeavor to hinder or att least delay the 
delivery of the shipps to the French, but therein soe to carry my- 
selfe as that the Ambassador might not discerne but that I was sent 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 299 

of purpose and with full instruccions and commaunde to effecte his 
desire, and to cause all the shipps to be putt into his hands. 

Accordinglie when the Vantguard came into the Roade of Diepe 
and that Capt. Penington sent for me to come aboard, I acquainted 
the Ambassador with it and told him (if I went to the Captain) I 
made noe doubt but to perswade him to come ashoare with me, 
notwithstandinge he was (as the Ambassador had complained to me) 
soe obstinate that he refused to come out of his shippe to the Duke 
de Montrnorency, who importuned him there to by many kinde 
invitacions arid noble messuages ; but the Ambassador would not 
permitt me to goe aboarde but comaunded me to write to Capt. 
Penington to come ashoare, which I did as pressinge as the Ambas- 
sador desired, which tooke effecte. When he was come the Ambas- 
sador interposed still betweene us, soe as I could not have a word 
in private with him, but was forced to lett fall a worde no we and 
then as I purposely walked by him to bid him looke well whether 
he had sufficient warrant to deliver the shipps; which I did least 
the Ambassador by importunity or artifice (shewinge a letter under 
his Majesties hand to the French King, which was much more 
effectuull then the warrant from my Lord Conwey) should drawe a 
promise or engagement from the Captain to deliver the shipps before 
I should have opportunity privatly to advertise him to beware how 
and on what warrant he did surrender the fortresses of the kingdome 
into the handes of a Forraine Prince, for if the Ambassador should 
have found him more averse then before, it would have given his 
Lordship just occasion to be jelous of the intent of the Instruccions 
I had received from my Lord ; and the Captaine kepte himselfe 
very waryly from anie engagement and craved time to speake with 
th'cther Captaines and his Company before he could promise anie 
thinge, and soe gott leave to returne to his shippe. 

Afterwards I seemed not forward to goe aboarde to him, thought* 
I much desired it, till the Ambassador wished, and indeed pressed 



300 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT. 

me to goe and use meanes to worke him and the rest of the Captaines 
to effecte his desire and to deliver over the shipps with all speede. 

I tould Capt. Penington as soone as I came aboard his shipp and 
had an opportunity to speake privatly with him that I thought the 
warrant from the Lord Conway which he shewed to me and 
whereof I had before scene a coppy was not sufficient for the 
delivery of the shipps. a 

In all the time of my negotiatinge this busines, I never plainely 
discovered to Capt. Penington what myne instruccions were, because 
I sawe he was of himselfe unwillinge to deliver upp the shipps, and, 
after I had told him I had noe warrant for the delivery of them to 
the French, he was as adverse in it as I could wishe him. 

I told him alsoe I was by the Ambassador pressed often to write 
what I intended not, and therefore desired him not to be moved 
with whatsoever letters he shold receive from me touchinge the 
delivery of the shipps untill he spake with me. My Lord, after I 
went over never wrought to Capt. Penington or myselfe ; b but in 
every materiall and pressinge pointe concerninge delivery of the 
shipps his Lordshipp referred us to the instruccions his Grace had 
given me for that service ; and when the Captaine came to demande 
a sight or knowledge of my instruccions to warrant the surrender of 
the shipps, I told him I had none. 

If I used anie pressinge course or language to the masters of the 

shipps, it was either in the presence of the Ambassador or some 

such of his servantes as he sent aboard with me or else when I 

perceived them farre enoughe from yeeldinge, thereby the-better to 

"disguise and keepe unsuspected my instruccions. 

a This paragraph is written in the margin in Nicholas's hand. b sic. 



THE LOAN OF SHIPS TO THE FRENCH. 301 



113. Statement by Edward Nicholas of the circumstances connected 

with the loan of the Vanguard and other ships to the French. 

[State Papers, Domestic, Charles I., xliii. 43.] 

K. James about the 22 th yeare of his reigne did, unknowne to 1626, May? 
the Lord Duke, promise to lend 8 shipps to supprese the rebellion 
of Soubize and such of the Keligion as should cleave to him in his 
Rebellion. 

This in the treaty of the match with Fraunce being . laid hold on 
and pressed by the French King, there were proceedings in it and 
articles were framed and agreed on betweene the French Ambassador 
and the Commissioners of the Navy and masters of the shipps, which 
was soe cautelously done that, thoghe the French had libertie to 
put aboorde the shipps as man ymen as they pleased, yet it was soe 
ordered that there could not be put aboorde half soe many French 
and provisions for them as there were of the Englishe whereby they 
might be made masters of our shipps ; and privatt instruccions were 
given to Capt. Pennington that the Englishe should keepe them- 
selves masters of their shippes, & c . 

When Capt. Peninngton and the other Capts. came to Diepe, and 
perceaved that their instruccions would not warrant them to doe as 
much as the French required of them, they returned back to the 
Downes. Then followed the treaty of Rochester, where my Lord 
Admirall tould the masters of the shipps, they should not deliver 
over their shipps unlesse they had security to their content ; and 
from Rochester his Lordshipp sent his Secretary Mr. Nicholas with 
private instruccions, &c., who arivyed himselfe accordingly, and 
soe negotiated that, whatsoever he made shew of, he hindered the 
delivery of the shipps to the French untill the warrant came under 
the King's owne hand, peremptoryly requiringe the Capt. to put 
his Majestes and the other shipps into the hands of the French ; 
when likewise the Capt. received another letter from a great and 
noble Peere and Counsellor of State 8 signifying that there was noe 

The Earl of Pembroke. See No. 89. 



302 THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM'S IMPEACHMENT; 

longer delaying the delivery of the shipps and until! then his 
Majesties shipp was not delivered ; which being done Mr. Nicholas 
and Capt. Pennington came away leaving the other Captains in 
their owne shipps, who afterward tooke their security. 

The[y] mutyned and other Englishe shipps are safe returned 
without impeachement and the King's shipp never shot nor could 
come within a culveringe shott of the fight, neither could the other 
shipps doe any service there because they drew too much water. 

The shipps were not lent without the privity of diverse of 
the Privy Counsell, as Lord Chamberleine, a Lord Conwey, Lord 
Carlile, &c. 

Capt. Pennington did not deliver over the shipps nor doe any 
thing to that purpose by reason of any commande delivered to him 
by the Lord Duke or M r Nicholas, neither had he any warrant att 
all from the Duke to deliver them. 

My Lord had not newes that the King's shipp was delivered to 
the French till the 9 th of Aug. and his speech was the 8 th . b 

The Vantguard and the rest of the shipps drew soe much water 
that they could not come neer to fight in soe much as Mons r de 
Montmorency, Admirall of France, the day of the battayl against the 
Rochellers left the Vantguarde, & went aboarde the Dutch Admirall. 

They were not mooved by M r Nicholas pretented threatys, for 
they would have bene gone had not the King's ship shott all them. 

The Earl of Pembroke. b Aug. 8, 1625. 



INDEX. 



Admiralty, the Court of, proceedings 
relating to the St. Peter of Havre-de- 
Grace in, 22 ; complaints of foreign 
sailors in, 26; complaint of Jean 
Malleau in, 27, 28; Sir John Coke 
gives account of the proceedings in, 
30; list of ships proceeded against in, 
65; examinations about the taking of 
a Portuguese ship in, 73; further ex- 
aminations in, 90; Buckingham's 
claim against the East India Company 
made in, 111; proceedings against the 
East India Company in, 113, 118, 120 



Buckingham, Duke of, makes an agree- 
ment with Lord Zouch for the sur- 
render of the Cin que Ports, 1 ; is charged 
with neglecting the guard of the 
seas, 9; his alleged mal-treatment of 
the St. Peter of Havre-de-Grace, 18 ; 
is charged with extorting money from 
the East India Company, 71; attempts 
of the East India Company to concili- 
ate, 87; claims 15,0001. from the East 
India Company, 111; gives an acquit- 
tance to the East India Company, 124; 
10,0002. to be paid to, 133; is ready to 
help the French king against Soubise, 
142; gives a warrant for the departure 
of the ships, 174; promises to order 
Pennington to return to Dieppe, 221 ; 
orders Pennington to return, 235; 
orders Nicholas to go to Dieppe, ib; 
informs Pennington of Nicholas's 
mission, 238 ; orders Pennington to 
obey Effiat," 244; insists upon the sur- 
render of the ships, 245 ; directs Pen- 
nington to allow a mutiny on board 
the Vanguard, 250; orders Pennington 
to give up the ships, 275, 276 

Burlamacchi, Philippe, asks for good 
security for the merchant ships, 248 



Calais, importation of goods for the 
Spanish Netherlands into, 53; treat- 
ment of Englishmen in, 63; English 
vessels taken by the Dunkirkers at, 
64 

Charles I. declares his wish that the 
French shall command the ships lent 
to them, 224; orders Pennington to 
receive as many Frenchmen as the 
King of France pleases, 229; orders 
Pennington to give up the ships, 275 

Cinque Ports, the, Wardenship of, 1; 
proposed amalgamation of the office 
of Lord High Admiral with the War- 
denship of, 3 

Coke, Sir John, gives an account of the 
state of the Channel Fleet, 14; writes 
on navy business, 25; writes on the 
proceedigns in the Admiralty Court, 
30; gives an account of the proceed- 
ing of some ships from Hamburg, 33; 
explains Pennington's instructions, 176 

Conway, Sir Edward, puts pressure on 
the East India Company, 129 

Dieppe, arrival of Pennington at, 182; 
dangers of the roads of, 200; Penning- 
ton leaves, 203, 214; pirates at, 220 

East India Company, the, notes by 
Nicholas concerning, 70 ; charge 
against Buckingham for extorting 
money from, 71 ; proceedings in the 
Court of Admiralty against, 73 ; notes 
of prizes taken by, 83 ; arguments in 
favour of, 74 ; attempts to conciliate 
Buckingham made by, 87 ; motion in 
Parliament to stay the ships of, 89 ; 
claim of Buckingham against, 111 ; 
claim of the King against, 112 ; pro- 
ceedings in the Court of Admiralty 
against, 113 ; permission for the sail- 
ing of the ships of, 117 ; further pro- 



304 



INDEX. 



ceedings in the Court of Admiralty 
against, 118, 120 ; acquittance from 
the Duke of Buckingham to, 124 ; 
pressure put upon, 127 ; negotiates 
with Conway, 129 ; pays 10,000? . to 
Buckingham, 133 ; sends a deputation 
to the King, 134 ; agreement for the 
payment of 10,OOOZ. by, 135 : delay 
in the payment of 2,000?. by, 137 
Effiat, the Marquis of, informs James I. 
of Soubise's acts of war, 139; negotiates 
for the hire of ships, 144 ; writes that 
he has got the ships on the conditions 
desired in France, 167 ; remonstrates 
against the delays of Sir F. Gorges, 
180 ; protests against the withdrawal 
of the English ships, 222 ; requires 
Pennington to give up the Vanguard, 
253 ; threatens to leave Dieppe, 257 ; 
protest of, 261 ; counsels to remain at 
Dieppe, 263 ; gives a receipt for the 
Vanguard, 289 ; expresses his satis- 
faction with Pennington, 290 

Fleet, the necessity of making provision 
for the, 34 

Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, delays of, 180 ; 
asks leave to go to Dieppe, 243, 247 ; 
terms demanded by, 211 ; is unable 
to persuade his sailors to remain at 
Dieppe, 278 ; defends his conduct, 280, 
287; complains of the conduct of his 
men, 293 

Guard of the seas, Buckingham charged 
with neglecting the, 9 

Hamburg, proceedings of ships from, 32 
Huguenots, the French, demand peace, 
207 ; reported peace with, 254 ; a cess- 
ation of hostilities with, 274 ; breach 
of the armistice with, 292 

Ingham, Edward, is sent to France by 
Pennington, 215; conveys a message 
from the Earl of Pembroke, 249 

James I. claims 15,0002. from the East 
India Company, 112; receives a depu- 
tation from the East India Company, 
134 ; promises to assist the King of 
France against Soubise, 147 

Joachimi, Albert, ambassador of the 
united Provinces of the Netherlands, 
remonstrates against the seizure of 
prizes, 47 



London, petition of the merchants of, 57 

Lorkin, Thomas, negotiates on Penning- 

ton's behalf, ] 92 ; gives an account of 

the state of affairs in France, 273, 283, 

292 

Louis XIII. King of France, applies to 
Buckingham for aid against Soubise, 
140 ; complains of Pennington's con- 
duct, 226 ; orders a cessation of hos- 
tilities against the Huguenots, 274 

Mainwaring, Sir Henry, is not to be 
employed in the Cinque Ports, 2 

Marten, Sir Henry, gives an account of 
the disposal of prize-goods, 21; exami- 
nation of, 37 ; his order in the court 
respecting the St. Peter of Havre-de- 
Grace, 55 

Merchant vessels, the seven, Effiat nego- 
tiates for the hire of, 144; bargain for 
one of, 158; complaint of the captains 
of, 229 ; delay of the return of, 241 ; 
good security asked for ; 248 ; do not 
accompany Pennington on his return 
to Dieppe, 252 ; demands made with 
respect to, on their return to Dieppe, 
271 ; terms proposed for surrender of, 
277 ; security asked for the delivery 
of, 280 ; agreement for the delivery 
of, 288 

Montauban, the Duke of Epernon's ra- 
vages at, 211 

Montmorency, the Duke of, comes to 
Dieppe, 215; asks Pennington to meet 
him, 279 

Nicholas, Edward, asks for a discharge 
for the money taken out of the prizes, 
59 ; notes by, 69 ; is sent by Bucking- 
ham to Dieppe, 235 ; expresses his 
doubts of the value of the security 
given by the French, 236 ; invites 
Pennington to negotiate with Effiat, 
251, 252 ; urges Pennington to give 
up the Vanguard, 255, 257, 258, 263 ; 
reports on his mission to the House of 
Commons, 294 ; calls on Pennington 
to explain his conduct; 295 ; gives an 
account of his proceedings at Dieppe, 
298, 301 

Ormuz, capture of, 72 

Palloyseau, M. de, complains of the 
seizure of French vessels, 35 



INDEX. 



305 



Pembroke, the Earl of, sends informa- 
tion to Pennington, 249, 274 
Pennington, Captain, explanation of the 
instructions given to, 176; hastens the 
sailing of the ships, 177; sails from 
the Downs, 181; arrives at Dieppe, 
182; complains of the want of provi- 
sions, 186; ordered to take French 
sailors on board. 184-191 ; complaints 
of the dangers of Dieppe roads, 200 ; 
leaves Dieppe, 203, 214; sends Ingham 
to France, 214; refuses to admit more 
than sixty French on board, 216 ; 
complaints of the French against, 221; 
orders given by the King of France 
to, 234; Buckingham's orders to, 235 ; 
prepares to return to Dieppe, 239 ; 
asks to be recalled, 241; complains of 
his orders, 242; receives a message 
from the Earl of Pembroke, 249 ; is 
directed to allow a mutiny on board 
the Vanguard, 250; returns to Dieppe, 
250 j demands made by, 256; states 
the terms on which he is ready to sur- 
render the Vanguard, 259 ; demands 
further security, 260 ; requires an ex- 
press warrant from the king, 264 ; 
gives an account of his proceedings, 
265; explains his conduct to the King, 
267 ; refuses to deliver up the Van- 
guard, 270 ; is ordered to give up the 
ships, 279 ; declares himself ready to 
surrender the ships, 279 ; Effiat ex- 
presses satisfaction with, 290 ; pay- 
ment ordered to, 292 

Portuguese ship, a, the East India Com- 
pany charged with the capture of, 73 
Prize-goods, warrant for the disposal of, 
20 ; interference of the French and 
Dutch ambassadors with the disposal 
of, 21 ; complaint of Jean Malleau 
concerning, 27 ; needed for the ex- 
penses of the fleet, 34 ; ordered re- 
delivery of, 37 ; remonstrance of the 
Dutch Ambassador about, 47; Nicholas 



asks for a discharge for, 59 ; harsh 
seizure of, 60 ; receipt given for, 61 
Protestants, the French, see Huguenots 

Razilly, M. de, claims command over the 
Vanguard, 179 ; commands the Eng- 
lish ships at Rochelle, 296 ; gives an 
account of his service, 297 

Eichelieu, Cardinal, gives friendly as- 
surances to the deputies of the Hugue- 
nots, 208 

Rochelle, La, hostilities at, 292 

Rouen, petition of the merchants of Lon- 
don trading at, 57 

St. Peter of Havre-de-Grace, the, Buck- 
ingham charged with plundering, 18 ; 
examination of the captain of, 19 ; 
complaint of Jean Mallean of losses 
in, 27, 28 ; order for the re-delivery 
of, 36 ; proceedings relating to the 
goods in, 37 ; Sir H. Marten's order 
about the goods in, 55 ; Nicholas's 
notes about, 69 

Soubise, the Duke of, seizes the Isle of 
Rhe, 139 ; seizes French ships in har- 
bour of Blavet, 140; reported peace 
with, 254 

Stewart, Sir Francis, defends his con- 
duct in command of the Channel Fleet, 
9 

Vanguard, the, contract for the loan of, 
162 ; M. de Razilly claims command 
over, 179 ; receipt given for, 289 ; 
draws too much water to be of service 
at Rochelle, 296 ; see Pennington, 
Captain 

Vanguard, the ship's company of the, 
offers to take on board unarmed French- 
men, 255 ; demands further security, 
260 

Zonch, Lord, parts with the wardenship 
of the Cinque Ports, 1 



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