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Full text of "Documents and letters intended to illustrate the revolutionary incidents of Queens county; with connecting narratives, explantory notes, and additions"

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ADVERTISEMENT. 

In the course of the year there will, probably, be 
published a second volume, entitled, the Revolutionary 
Incidents of Suffolk and Kings Counties, with an ex- 
tended account of the Battle of Brooklyn, the prison 
ships at the Walleboght, the whale boat warfare, and the 
illicit trade in Long Island Sound. Any information will 
be thankfully received and duly acknowledged. 



-^ 



ox- 



r T 



DOCUMENTS AND LETTERS 



INTENDED TO ILLUSTRATE 



THE 



REVOLUTIONARY INCIDENTS 



OF 



QUEENS COUNTY; 



CONNECTING NARRATIVES, EXPLANATORY 
NOTES, AND ADDITIONS. 



BY 

HENRY ONDERDONK, Jr. 



"Posterity delights in details." — J. Q. Adams. 



NEW-YORK : 

LEAVITT, TROW AND COMPANY, 

194 BROADWAY. 

1846. 



f<rm60S.flo. 5 7 'i 




TO THE 

INHABITANTS OF QUEENS COUNTY, 

DBSOBWDANTa OF THOSB VrHO LIVED HHBB DUBINO THK BTOEUT PERIOD OT 

THE REVOLUTION, 

THia ATTSMPT TO RKSCTJB FROM OBLIVION 
THE HISTORY OF THE OPINIONS, DEEDS, AND SUFFERINGS, 

OF OUa COMMOIT ANCE8TBT, 

JJs respectfullj) EnscrffaetJ, 

BT THBIR 

FELLOW-CITIZEN. 



PREFACE. 

The present work is not a history, but rather a con- 
tribution towards a history, of Queens County during 
the Revolution. The materials are derived from the fol- 
lowing sources : 

I. The printed Journals of the Continental and New- 
York Provincial Congresses ; and the MS. Journal, Let- 
ters and Papers of the N. Y. Provincial Congress. 

II. The military papers of Col. John Sands and 
Major Richard Thome, kindly loaned me by T. W. 
Smith and J. W. Thorne, respectively. 

III. Force's American Archives, Almon's Remem- 
brancer and Parliamentary Register, Gentleman's Mag- 
azine, and the Brodhead Documents. 

IV. Rivington's Gazette, Gaine's Mercury, Holt's 
Journal, Loudon's Packet, Hartford Courant, New Haven 
Journal, New London Gazette, New Jersey Gazette, 
Kollock's New-York Gazetteer. 

V. Sparks's Writings of Washington, Graydon's Me- 
moirs, Hinman's Connecticut, Simcoe's Journal, Gaine's 
Almanac and Register, Thompson's Long Island, 



Strong's Flatbush, Dunlap's Works, Haliburton's Nova 
Scotia. 

VI. Conversations with aged people of Queens 
County. 

Many thanks are due to G. C. SchaefFer, of Columbia 
College Library ; to Geo. H. Moore, of the Historical 
Rooms, New- York ; to S. F. Haven, of Antiquarian Hall, 
Worcester ; to E. C. Herrick, of Yale College Library ; 
and to Messrs. Robbins, Brinley and Parsons, of the 
Connecticut Historical Society, for their courtesy in lay- 
ing open the treasures of their respective libraries ; and 
also to Gen. Johnson, B. F. Thompson, the Historian of 
Long Island, the Rev. John Goldsmith, Rev. J. B. Felt, 
Dr. E. Seely, and H. Floyd Jones, for sundry communi- 
cations. 

As this work is necessarily imperfect, the author 
would feel under obligations to any one who will take 
the trouble to send him any corrections, or point out 
other sources of information. 

Jamaica, L. I., May 1, 1S46. 



CONTENTS. 



(A star is prefixed to papers never before published.) 
PART I. 
kise and trogkess of the revolutionary spirit. 
Sec. 

1 Resolutions at Oyster Bay, on the passage of the Stamp Act. 

2. Meeting at Jamaica and election of a Committee. 

3. Address of Jamaica Committee to Delegates in Congress. 

4. Protest of Jamaica Loyalists against Committees. 

5. Committee of seventeen chosen at Newtown. 

6. Resolutions passed by the Committee at Newtown. 

7. Protest of Newtown Loyalists. 

8. Meeting at Oyster Bay. 

9. Committee chosen at Flushing. 

10. Poetry picked up in Queens County. 

11. A Provincial Convention to be lield. 

12. Vote of Jamaica. 

13. Vote of Newtown. 

14. Hempstead Resolutions. 

15. Vote of Flushing. 

16. *Vote of Oyster Bay. 

17. *Certificate of Minority at Oyster Bay. 

18. Queens County has no vote in Convention. 

19. A Provincial Congress to be held. 

20. Lieutenant Governor Colden addressed at Jamaica. 

21. *Protest of Oyster Bay Justices. 

22. Election of Deputies in Queens County. 

23. Congress opened with daily prayers. 

24. List of Committee Men in Queens County. 

25. *Form of Association. 

26. Congress consider the state of Queens County. 

27. Congress order Members from Queens to take their seats. 



10 contents. 

Sec. 

28. Congress appoint a day of fasting and prayer. 

29. 1 cwt. of gunpowder voted Joseph Robinson. 

30. *A. Lawrence and G. Bethune examined. 

31. Arms impressed from Non-Associators. 

32. *List of Jamaica Minute Men. 

33. Cow and Great Neck separate from Hempstead. 

34. Vote of Queens County for Deputies. 

35. The Asia supphes arms, &c., to the disaffected. 

36. Resolutions of Congress against Queens County. 

37. Continental Congress order delinquents to be disarmed. 

38. Col. Heard's Expedition into Queens County. 

39. *Evidencc against one of the disaffected. 

40. Congress order Queens County to be regimented. 

41. Expedition of Ward and Seers in Queens County. 

42. Guard stationed at Rockaway. 

43. Disaffected not to move into Cow and Great Neck. 

44. A delinquent at Cow Neck advertised. 

45. Arms of Non-Associators to be given to recruits. 

46. Association of forty Jamaica Militia Men. 

47. British pilot boat taken at Rockaway. 

48. Petition of twelve disarmed Jamaica Militia Men. 

49. Election of Deputies in Queens County. 

50. Jamaica Committee revived. 

51. Disobedience in Capt. Sands's Company. 

52. *List of the Militia of Cow and Great Neck. 

53. Currency counterfeited at Cold Spring. 

54. *List of Militia Companies in Queens. 

55. Congress order able-bodied citizens to return to New- York. 

56. Disaffected not to move into or pass through Jamaica. 

57. Jamaica Committee send a delinquent to New- York. 

58. Congress vote gunpowder to Jamaica Militia. 

59. Newtown boys raise the King's standard. 

60. *Proceedings against the disaffected of Queens. 

61. Congress vote :eiOO and 1 cwt. powder to Queens County. 

62. *Gen. Scott orders Queens County drafts to New-York. 

63. *Defaulting Militia hunted in the swamps. 

64. *Information respecting certain persons at Jamaica. 

65. *Swamp fight in Hempstead. 

66. *Queens County Committee apply for 500 troops. 

67. *\Varrant to search for arms at Hempstead. 



CONTENTS. 



11 



Sec. 

68. Washington sends a party after the disaffected. 

69. *List of prisoners sent from Hempstead. 

70. Election of Deputies in Queens County. 

71. Election of MiHtia Officers at Cow Neck. 

72. Election of a Militia Officer at Jamaica. 

73. *Stock to be removed from South Side of Queens County. 

74. *A11 secreted persons to be apprehended. 

75. Congress approve the Declaration of Independence. 

76. *Boats hauled up at Hog Island. 

77. Congress vote 10,000 cartridges and 1,000 flints to Queens County. 

78. Congress vote $10 bounty to recruits. 

79. *Report on the state of Stock in Queens County. 

80. *Militia drafted to drive off the Stock. 

81. List of Officers of drafted troops. 

82. *Gen. WoodhuU's Letters to Queens County Militia. 

83. *List of Recruits in Queens County. 

84. ^Congress grant money to Queens County. 

85. Officers of Jamaica Minute Company. 

86. Howe's Declaration posted in Queens County. 

87. *Col. Birdsall ordered to Rockaway. - 

88. *Defaulters hide in Massapequa Swamp. 

89. *Lieut. J. Townsend stationed at Matinecock. 

90. *Sergeant Manee stationed at Sands's Point. 

91. *Sergeant Hicks stationed at Hewlett's Point. 

92. 'Warrant to take security for removal of Stock. 

93. *Gen. Greene orders the new Levies to his Camp. 

94. Half the militia of Queens ordered to Brooklyn. 

95. Congress vote £200 to Flushing for support of fugitives from N.Y. 

96. *List of Capt. Nostrand's men stationed at Rockaway. 

97. Capt. Suydam seizes a boat at Rockaway. 

98. *List of Officers of Col. Smith's Regiment. 

99. Congress order Gen. WoodhuU to drive off Stock. 

100. WoodhuU writes to Congress for assistance. 

101. The enemy's ships off Great Neck. 

102. Queens County Militia recross to Long Island. 

103. *Pay Rolls of Queens County Militia. 

104. British Army march to Newtown. 

105. British erect a Fort at Hell-Gate. 

106. British embark at Newtown Creek and land at Kip's Bay. 

107. British Officers quartered at Newtown. 



12 CONTENTS. 

■ ^ PART II. 

/ , ' SEIZURE OF WHIGfS. 

Sec. 

108. British Light-Horse enter Newtown. 

109' do. do. Flushing. * 

110. The Highlanders at Flushing. 

111. The Light-Horse seize WoodhuU at Jamaica. 

112. WoodhuU's dying declaration. 

113. Elias Bayles, of Jamaica, carried off. 

114. Other Whigs of Jamaica seized. 

115. Light-Horse enter North Hempstead. 

116. do. visit Col. Sands's house. 

117. do. carry off Adrian Onderdonk. 

118. do. do. Major Thome. 

119. Oyster Bay Committee break up. 

120. Kings County Light-Horse cross the Sound. 

121. Ministerial Troops at Oyster Bay. 

122. George Townsend and John Kirk carried off. 

PART III. 

PETITION AND REPRESENTATION OF QUEENS COUNTY. 

123. List of 1293 Petitioners. 

124. Gov. Tryon reviews the Militia of Queens County. 

PART IV. 

ARMED OCCUPATION. 

125 — 167. Incidents at Newtown. 

168 — 211. Incidents at Flushing. 

212 — 288 Incidents at Jamaica. 

289 — 337. Incidents at North Hempstead. 

338 — 367. Incidents at Hempstead. 

368 — 430. Incidents at Oyster Bay. 

431 — 480. British Proclamations relating to Queens County. 

481 — 519. List of Troops that lay in Queens County. 

PART V. 

CONCLUSION. 

520 521. Evacuation of Queens County. 

522 — 525. Emigration to Nova Scotia. 
526. Celebration of the Peace. 
527 — 530. Suits against Loyalists. 
531. Tax laid on Queens County. 



REVOLUTIONARY INCIDENTS 

OF 

aUEENS COUNTY. 



PART I. 

RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE REVOLUTIOXARy SPIRIT. 

1. On the passage of the Stamp Act, the following pro- 
ceedings took place in Queens county : 

To the Committee of the Sons of Liberty in New -York : 

Gentlejien : — By order of a Committee of the Sons of 
Liberty in Oyster Bay, we are to acquaint you, that at a 
meeting of the inhabitants, on Saturday, February 22, 1766, 
it was unanimously agreed and resolved — 

I. That the person, crown and dignitj^ of our rightful sove- 
reign. King George III., with all his just and legal rights of 
government, we will, to the utmost of our power, support, 
maintain, and defend. 

II. That the liberties and privileges, which we as English- 
men have still enjoyed, particularly those of being taxed by 
representatives of our own choosing, and being tried by our 
own juries, we will also support, maintain, and defend. 

III. That the late Stamp Act is destructive of these our 
liberties, and is by us deemed to be arbitrary and unconstitu- 
tional ; that as such; we will, to the utmost of our power, en- 
deavor to oppose and suppress the same. 

2 



14 ' RISE A>"D PROGRESS OF 

IV. That the measures which you have taken, and the 
several noble efforts you have made, in vindication of the 
general cause of liberty, we do heartily approve of and that 
with our lives and fortunes, we stand ready to aj^sist you in the 
same. 

V. That the Committee now chosen, do signify these our 
resolutions to the Soxs of Liberty at New- York and else- 
where, as they may think proper ; that the said Committee do 
for the future keep up appointed meetings, as may be thought 
necessary, at the house of George Weekes. in Oy.^ter Bay. and 
maintain a correspondence with your Committee, in which we 
expect your concurrence. — Holt. March 6. 1766. 9 

The Stamp Act was soon repealed, and we hear no more 
of public meetings in Queens county, till the passage of the 
Boston Port Bill, when a nun)ber of persons assembled at the 
inn of Increase Carpenter, and requested Othniel Smith, 
constable, to warn the freeholders to meet at the Court House, 
to take into consideration the stale of public affairs. 

2. At a Town .Merting of the Freeholders and Inhabit- 
ants of Jansaica, held in the Court House, on Tuesday, the 
6th of December, 1774 : 

Resolved. 1. That by principle and interest we have been 
always Jieartily attached to the Royal House of Hanover, as 
the guardians ol' the civil and religious liberties of the whole 
British Empire ; and that we esteem it our duty to render true 
and faithful allegiance to George the Third, King of Great 
Britain, as our only rightful sovereign ; and to support and 
maintain the just dependence of the colonies upon the Crown 
of Great Britain, under the enjoyment of our constitutional 
rights and privileges. 

Resolved, 2. That it is our undoubted right to be taxed only 
by our own consent, given by ourselves or our Representatives; 
and that all arts made by the British Parliament, imposing 
taxes on the Colonies, are unjust unconstitutional, and a mani- 
fest infringement of our dearest and most invaluable privileges. 

Resolved. 3. That we have esteemed it our greatest civil 
happiness and glory to have been born subjects to the Crown, 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 15 

and members of society under the most excellent Constitution 
of Great Britain ; that we regard ourselves as one people with 
our mother country, connected together by the strongest ties 
of affection, duty, interest, and religion ; and that we lament as 
the greatest misfortune * * the unhappy disputes that have of 
late years subsisted between us. * * * 

Resolved, 5. That we heartily sympathize with our brethren 
of Boston and the Massachusetts Bay, under their present un- 
exampled sufferings ; and that we regard the Acts of Parlia- 
ment, under which they now groan, as cruel, unjust, unconsti- 
tutional, and oppressive in the highest degree, levelled not 
only at them in particular, but at the liberties of the other Co- 
lonies, and the British Empire in general. * * 

Resolved, 6. That we do most gratefully acknowledge the 
difficult and important services rendered to theiLCountry, by 
the late General Congress, held at Philadelphia, and that we 
do highly approve of the measures by them concerted for the 
public good of their constituents, and that we will use all pru- 
dent and constitutional endeavors to carry those measures into 
execution. 

Resolved. 7. That we do appoint for our Committee ot 
Correspondence and Observation, the following gentlemen, viz : 
Rev. Abm. Ketehas, Capt. Richard Belts, I'.Ir. Waters Smith, 
Dr. John Innes, Capt. Ephraim Bayley, Mr. Joseph Robinson, 

Capt. Joseph French, Mr. Elias Bayley, Mr. William Ludlum.* 

Resolved, 8. That this Committee do, in our names, present 
an address of sincere and hearty thanks to the worthy Dele- 
gates of this Province, for their cheerful acceptance and faith- 
ful discharge of the arduous and important trusts committed to 
them by their countrymen. 

Resolved, 9. That this meeting have as heartily approved 
of, and always been as ready to promote every prudent and 
constitutional measure for the redress of grievances, and the 
preservation of those invaluable liberties which have been in- 
fringed by the British Ministry and Parliament, as any of their 
brethren, and that it is not their fault that they were not sooner 
convened! for this important purpose ; and that they do highly 
resent and heartily disapprove of the conduct of the super- 



16 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

visor,]: and any other person, by whose backwardness, igno- 
rance, negligence, or remissness, this meeting has been so long 
delayed. — Gaine, Dec. 19, '74. 

* Two of the Committee declined serving: one was absent, and one 
left them in their meditations. 

t Lieut. Gov. Colden to the Earl of Dartmouth, Oct. 5, 1774: 
" A great deal of pains has been taken to persuade the counties to 
choose delegaiesfor the Congress, or to adopt those sent by the city of New- 
York. Several counties have refused. In Queens county, where I have 
a house, and reside in the summer season, six persons have not been got 
to meet for the purpose, and the inhabitants remain firm in their resolu- 
tion not to join in the Congress." 

X " The supervisor, Capt. Benjamin Whitehead, had received a letter 
from the New-York Committee, but on consulting with the leading men 
of the town, he concluded to take no notice of it." 

3. January 19th, 1775. Address from the Committee of 
Correspondence of the Township of Jamaica, presented to the 
Delegates who represented this Province in the late General 
Congress : 

Gentlemen : We cheerfully embrace this opportunity of 
publicly acknowledging, in behalf of ourselves and our con- 
stituents, our most grateful sense of the arduous, faithful, and 
important services, you have rendered your country in the pre- 
sent alarming conjunction of affairs. 

Permit us to declare our hearty acquiescence in the prudent, 
just, and well-concerted measures, adopted by you at the last 
General Congress, held at Philadelphia, and to assure you, 
that we will exert our utmost endeavors to carry those mea- 
sures into execution. 

We ardently pray that the Supreme Disposer of events * * 
may signally reward and succeed your noble and generous 
designs and efforts for the redress of our grievances, and the 
vindication of our injured rights and liberties. 

We joyfully anticipate the plea.sure of seeing your names, 
and the names of your very respectable brethren of the Con- 
gress, enrolled in the annals of America, and transmitted to 
the latest generations, as the friends and deliverers of your 
country ; of beholding your conduct and measures applautled 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 17 

and adopted by every city, town, and county, in the British 
Colonies, and of having your just and well merited praises re- 
sounded from one end of this extensive continent to the other. 

Gentlemen, with hearts penetrated with unutterable grati- 
tude, and overflowing with benevolent wishes for every blessing 
on you and your posterity, we have the honor of being your 
affectionate countrymen, and much obliged humble servants. 
By order of the Committee. 

ABRAHAM KETELTAS, Chairman. 

To Philip Livingston, John Jay, Isaac Low, Henry Wisner, 
James Duane, John Alsop, Simon Boerum, and William 
Floyd, Esqrs. 

4. Jamaica, Jan. 27, 177.5. Whereas, a few people in 
this town have taken upon themselves the name of a Com- 
mittee, said- to be chosen by a majority of the inhabitants, we 
the subscribers, freeholders and inhabitants of the said town- 
ship, do think it our duty to declare, that we never gave our 
consent toward choosing that Committee, or making any re- 
solves, as we utterly disapprove of all unlawful meetings, 
and all tyrannical proceedings what.soever ; and as we have 
always been, so it is our firm resolution to continue, peace- 
able and faithful subjects to his present Majesty, King George 
the Third, our most gracious sovereign ; and we do further 
declare, that we do not acknowledge any other Representa- 
tives but the General Assembly of this Province, by whose 
wisdom and interposition we hope to obtain the wished redress 
of our grievances in a constitutional way. 

Signed by 136 persons, {iiames omitted,) 91 of whom are 
freeholders, and the others very respectable inhabitants. 
There are not above 160 freeholders at most in this township. 

5. Newtown, Dec. 10, 1774. The election of a Com- 
mittee of seventeen persons, for the purposes mentioned in 
the association entered into by the Continental Congress, 
for corresponding with the other Committees of this Province, 
having this day come on, pursuant to advertisement of the 



18 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

supervisor, a great number of the most respectable freeholders 
assembled at the Town House, and the following persons 
were unanimously chosen, viz. : 

Jacob Blackwell, Jonathan Lawrence, John Alburtis, 

Richard Alsop, Esq., Samuel Moore, Abm. Brin^kerhoff, 

Daniel Rapalje, Esq., William Fnrman, James Way, 

Philip Edsall, William Howard, Samuel Morrell, 

Thomas Lawrence, Jeromus Remsen, Jonathan Coe. 

Daniel Lawrence, Samuel Riker, 

6. This Committee did not meet till December 29th, 
(owing to the small-pox in Col. Blackwell's family,) when 
*' having seriously considered the consequences that must 
evidently flow from the several acts of the British Parlia- 
ment to raise revenue in America, and likewise that of 
having power to bind the people of these Colonics by statute 
in all cases whatsoever ; and that of extending the limits of 
the Admiralty Court, whereby the judges are empowered to 
receive their salaries and fees from effects to be condemned 
by themselves, and his Majesty's American subjects deprived 
of the right of trial by jury ; that of empowering the Com- 
missioners of Customs to break open and enter houses, with- 
out authority of any civil magistrate ; stopping the Port of 
Boston ; changing the form of government in Massachusetts 
Bay ; and the Quebec Bill :' all which, as appears to us, 
are absolutely intended to deprive his Majesty's most dutiful 
and loyal subjects of the American Colonies of their most 
inestimable rights and privileges, by subjugating them to the 
British Parliament, and driving them to the dire necessity of 
havin» their property taken from them without their consent : 

Resolved, 1. That we consider it our greatest happiness and 
glory to be governed by the illustrious House of Hanover, and 
that we acknowledge and bear true allegiance to King George 
the Third as our rightful sovereign, and under his protection 
have a right to enjoy the privileges of the Constitution of 
Great Britain. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. '19 

2. That man ought to have the disposition of his property, 
either by himself or his representatives. 

3. That it is our indispensable duty to transmit unimpaired 
to posterity all our most valuable rights and privileges as we 
have received them from our ancestors — particularly that of 
disposing of our own property. 

4. Tliat as some mode of opposition to the Acts of Parlia- 
ment imposing taxes in America, has been thought necessary 
by the inhabitants of the different Colonies on this Continent, 
to secure their invaded rights and properties : which mode has 
been left to the determination of the Delegates sent by each 
Colony, and met in Congress, at Philadelphia, in September 
last: they having, among other articles of their association,'^ re- 
commended that a committee be chosen in every county, city, 
and town, whose business it should be to observe the conduct of 
all persons touching said association ; and, as we are willing to 
establish harmony and union, we will, so far as our influence 
extends, endeavor that the measures of Congress be strictly 
adhered to in this town. 

5. As we highly approve of the wise, prudent, and consti- 
tutional mode of opposition adopted by our worthy Delegates 
in the General Congress, to the several late tyrannical and op- 
pressive acts of the British Parliament, we therefore render our 
most sincere and hearty thanks to those gentlemen for their pa- 
triotic spirit in so cheerfully undertaking the difficult and ar- 
duous task, for their faithfulness in council, and great wisdom 
in drawing conclusions, which, through the influence of Divine 
Providence, we trust will be the means of securing to us oi 
liberty and privileges us freeborn Englishmen, and again re 
store harmony and confidence throughout the British Empire, 
which is the hearty wish of all the friends to liberty and foes 
to oppression. 

Signed by order of the Committee, 

JACOB BLACKWELL, Chairman.' 
' The Quebec Bill extended the limits of that Province so as to border 
on the wesiern frontiers of the United Colonies. It established arbitrary 
government therein, discouraged ihe settlement of British subjecis, so 
that by the influence of civjl principles and ancient prejiulices, the Catholic 
population might not unite with the free Protestant Colonies, 



20 RISE AND PROGRESS OF ° 

' By this Association, signed Oct. 20, 1774, the members of Congress 
pledged themselves not to import or consume tea, or any articles from the 
British Possessions, until the revenue acts of Parliament were repealed. 
They also recommended that a committee be chosen in every county, 
city, and town, to observe the conduct of all persons touching this Asso- 
ciation. 

7. Neiotown, Jan. 12, 1775. We, the subscribers, were 
no way concerned in certain resolves signed by Jacob Black- 
well, Chairman, entered into by some inhabitants of New- 
town, approving the proceedings of the Continental Congress ; 
neither do we acknowledge any other representatives but the 
General Assembly of the Province. 

Signed by 58 persons, {names omitted.) 

Oyster Bay, Bee. 30, 1774. 

8. " In December, 1774, there was a notification, signed 
by several of the principal freeholders, and set up in differ- 
ent parts of Oyster Bay, requesting the freeholders to meet 
at George Weekes', on the 30th, to take into consideration 
the resolves of the Continental Congress. 

" On that day, a number of freeholders appearing, they 
made choice of Samuel Townsend, Town Clerk, for Mode- 
rator. A motion was then made for taking into consideration 
the resolves of the Continental Congress ; and there being 
present but a small part of the freeholders, the meeting was 
adjourned to the annual town meeting." — O. B. Records. 

At a meeting for choosing a committee for Oyster Bay, December 30, 
1774, about ninety freeholders assembled to take into consideration the 
present unhappy dispute between the mother country and her colonies ; 
when there appeared such a number of friends to our happy, regular,"es- 
tablished government, under the Crown and Parliament of Great Britain, 
as to deem that meeting illegal and void, and that no business could with 
propriety be done ; and the meeting was adjourned till a future time, 
when it is hoped it will be so conducted as to convince the world that 
his Majesty is not without friends here who will support his government. 

The resolutions of the Congress were publicly read ; after which, 
Justice exerted himself with that prudence and firmness becoming 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 21 

a magistrate, by arguing the impropriety and illegality of such meetings, 
in so masterly a manner, as to have the desired effect of preveniing any 
business being done till the legal day of calling town meeting, on the 1st 
Tuesday in April. " SPECTATOR. 

9. Flushing, Jan. 14, 1775. " There was a funeral in 
this town about a fortnight ago, which afforded three or four 
of the furious ' sons of liberty' an opportunity of selecting 
as many out of the number who attended the funeral as 
would suit their purpose, which was twenty-five, one-seventh 
of the freeholders of the town. Twelve of these were im- 
mediately dubbed Committee Men; but by the authority of 
a single man, who is a friend to order and good government, 
they were constrained from entering on any business relating 
to their office, till the sentiments of all the freeholders were 
taken upon it ; which, when executed, will certainly put an 
end to their political existence, as it is well known the in- 
habitants are generally against it." — No. 92, Riv. Gaz. 

10. Poetry picked up in the loyal circle of Queens 
county : 

O TEMPORA! O MORES! 
Could I the abundance of my sorrow show, 
I'd write in blood my tale of sympathetic woe ; 
In blood of villains, who, to show their hate 
Of kingly rule, try to unhinge the state. 
Tarring and feath'ring is the destined fate 
Of every loyal subject of the state : 
They'll advertise each patriot, fix his doom, 
Then come proscriptions like to ancient Rome. 
True sons of Catiline ! like his your oause — 
Insult the government '. despise its laws! 
A piteous case ! It makes my bosom throb 
To hear the mandates of this lawless mob. 
Sound the lnud clarion, sound, 
Tell the Committee all amund, 

The Quaker's blood cries ■' vengeance" from the ground. 
Thou Boston too, that's covered o'er with guilt, 
Thy sons shall pay for blood thy impious sires have spilt. 
Thy venal priests inflame the people's breast — 
These holy cheats I a nuisance and a pest ! 
I'll say no more ; but may the Fates engage 
To Hop the growth of independent rage; 

2* 



22 



KISS AND PROGRESS OF 



Prevent the projects of such factious brain?, 
And send them timely whore their Leader reigns. 

(Signed) 
P. S. I fret, [ siorm, I spit, I spew 

At sound of Yankee Doodle doo. 



NO YANKEE. 



Jan. 1775. 

11. The New- York Committee, March 16th, 1775, sent 
circular letters to the different counties in the colony, re- 
questing them to choose deputies to a Provincial Conven- 
tion, which was to meet, April 20, for the purpose of electing 
delegates to the Continental Congress, to be held at Phila- 
delphia, May 10. 

In Queens county, the election was held by towns. 

Friday, March 31, 1775. 
12. This being the day appointed for taking the sense of 
the freeholders of the town of Jamaica, whether they would 
nominate a Deputy, a poll was opened, when the votes taken 
stood as follows : 

Against a Deputy, 94, 
For a Deputy, 85, viz. : 



Capt. Rutgers, 
John Skidmore, 
Robert Hinchman, 
Waters Smith, 
William Ludlum, 
Rev. Abm. Keteltas, 
Jonas Frederick, 
William Steed, 
John Mills, 
Isaac Bayley, 
Increas- Carpenter, 
John Cockle, 
Isaac Hendrickson, 
John Innes, Sr., 
Elias Bayley, 
Aaron Hendrickson, 
Robert Denton, 
John Smith, 
Jacob Wright, 
Nicholas Smith, Sr., 



Isaac Roads, 
John Roads, 
Jonah Roads, 
Hope Roads, 
Richard Roads, 
Thomas Denton, 
Benjamin Everett, 
John Van Lew, 
Benjamin Creed, 
Isaac JMills, 
Nicholas Smith, Jr., 
Benjamin Hinchman, 
David Lambertson, 
Nathaniel Box, 
William Creed, Jr., 
A. Hendrickson, 
A. Hendrickson, Jr., 
Whitehead Skidmore, 
Christopher Rider, 
Amos Denton, 



Nehemiah Everitt, 
J. Hendrickson, 
Joseph Higby, 
Andrew Oakley, 
Moses Higby, 
Jacob Foster, 
Daniel Ludlum, 
Samuel Higby, Cooper, 
Cornelius Losee, 
Daniel Smith, 
Samuel Higby, Jr., 
Jonathan Thurston, 
Nathaniel Smith, 
Ephraim Marston, 
Othniel Smith, 
Samuel Smith, 
William Creed, 
Nehemiah Carpenter, 
John Skidmore, Jr., 
Ephraim Bayley, 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 



23 



William Messenger, 
Nicholas Everett, 
Peter Smith, 
John Brimner, 
Daniel Tuthill, 



Samuel Skidmore, 
Noah Smith, 
Daniel Bayley, 
Wait Smith, 
John Thurston, 



Obadiah Smith, 
Jacob Carpenter, 
Joshua Carpenter, 
John Messenger, 
Joseph Robinson, 
Thomas Wiggins, 
Jacob Duryea — 85. 



Hend'k Hendrickson,Sr. Samuel Messenger, 
Daniel Everitt, John J. Skidmore, 

John Brush, Jaques Johnson, 

13. Col. Jacob Blackwell was elected Deputy from New- 
town by 100 freeholders, being all who did poll, viz. : 



Abm. March, 
Samuel Burtis, 
Edward Howard, 
Philip Edsall, Esq., 
James Way, 
John Shannan, 
William Furman, 
Peter Riker, 
Richard Lawrence, 
Ludlam Heirs, 
Elnathan Leverich, 
Benjamin Coe, 
John Culver, 
Benjamin North, 



James Belts, 
Edward Titus, 
Ezekiah Furman, 
Robert Field, 
John Wey, Jr., 
Thomas Betts, 
Benjamin Cornish, 
John Coe, 
Samuel Morrell, 
Jonathan Coe, 
Samuel Hallet, 
Nathaniel Pettit, 



Samuel Lawrence, 
Joseph Lawrence, 
John Fish, 
William Lawrence, 
Luke Remsen, 
John Burtis, 
Samuel Waldron, 
Thomas Cumberson, 
Richard Berrian, 
Philip Edsall, 
Abm. Brinckerhoff, 
Abm. Riker, 



Geo. Brinckerhoff, Jr., Douwe Van Dyne, 



James Gorsline, 



Lambert Woodward, Jr., John Gorsline, 
Cornelius Berrian, Samuel Edsall, 

Paul Burtis, Benjamin Field, 

Jeromus Remsen, Robert Coe, 

John McDonnaugh, Jr., Rem Remsen, 



Jacob Pearsall, 
Benjamin Field, Jr., 
Richard Rapelye, 
Asher Devine, 
William Bayley, 
John Wey, 
Thomas North, 
Jonathan Morrell, 
Jacob Boerum, 
Benjamin Coe, Jr., 
Francis Titus, 



Rev. Simon Horten, 
Joseph Morrell, 
John Pearsall, 
Jonathan Fish, 
Samuel Fish, 
William Sackett, 
Samuel Coe, 
John Leverich Jr., 
Christopher Remsen, 
Jeromus Remsen, Jr., 
James Burroughs, 



Jacob Hallett, Jr., 
Richard Betts, 
Philip Woodward, 
Morris Hazard, 
Samuel Renney, 
Capt. Samuel Moore, 
Joseph Boss, 
Gabriel Furman, 
Capt. Jona'n Lawrence, 
Samuel Riker, 
William Howard, 
Johannis Cornell, 
William Van Dyne, 
Capt. Tho's Lawrence, 
Capt. Dan'l Lawrei.ce, 
Nathaniel Baley, 
Jonathan Roberts, 



24 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

Charles Boerum, William Belts, Anthony Belts, 

John Burroughs, Howard Furman, Jonathan Furman, 

Stephen Field, Stephen Pettit, John Suydam — 100. 
Thomas Burroughs, 

14. In Hempstead no attempt was made to elect a deputy, 
but the following resolutions passed, nem. con. 

Hempstead, April 4, 1775. 
At this critical time of public danger and distraction, 
when it is the duty of every honest man and friend to his 
country to declare his sentiments openly, and use every 
endeavor to ward off the impending calamities which threaten 
this once happy and peaceful land : 

We, the freeholders and inhabitants of Hempstead, being 
legally assembled on the first Tuesday in April, 1775, have 
voluntarily entered into the following resolutions : 

1st. That as we have already borne true and faithful alle- 
giance to his Majesty King George the Third, our gracious 
and lavdul sovereign, so we are firmly resolved to continue in 
the same line of duty to him and his lawful successors. 

2d. That we esteem our civil and religious liberties above 
any other blessings, and those only can be secured to us by 
our present constitution ; we shall inviolably adhere to it, since 
deviating from it and introducing innovations, would have a 
direct tendency to subvert it, from which the most ruinous 
consequences might justly be apprehended. 

3d. That it is pur ardent desire to have the present unnatu- 
ral contest between the parent State and her Colonies amicably 
and speedily accommodated on principles of constitutional 
liberty, and that the union of the Colonies with the parent 
State may subsist till time shall be no more. 

4th. That as the worthy members of our General Assembly, 
who are our only legal and constitutional representatives * * 
have petitioned his most gracious Majesty, sent a memorial to 
the House of Lords and a remonstrance to the House of Com- 
mons : we are determined to wait patiently the issue of those 
measures, and avoid every thing that might frustrate those 
laudable endeavors. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 25 

5th. That as choosing Deputies to form a Provincial Con- 
gress, or Convention, must have this tendency, be highly 
disrespectful to our legal representatives, and also be attended, 
in all probability, with the most pernicious effects in other 
instances, as is now actually the case in some Provinces — such 
as shutting up courts of justice, levying money on the subjects 
to enlist men for the purpose of fighting against our sovereign, 
diffusing a spirit of sedition among the people, destroying the 
authority of constitutional Assemblies, and otherwise intro- 
ducing many heavy and oppressive grievances — we therefore 
are determined not to choose any Deputies [for such Provincial 
Congress or Convention], nor consent to it, but do solemnly 
bear our testimony against it. 

6th. That we are utterly averse to all mobs, riots and illegal 
proceedings, by which the lives, peace and property of our 
fellow-subjects are endangered : and that we will, to the utmost 
of our power, support our legal magistrates in suppressing all 
riots, and preserving the peace of our liege sovereign. 

HULET PETERS, Town Clerk. 

Flushing, April 17, 1775. 

15. On the 4th of April, after due notice had been given 
to the freeholders of Flushing, at an annual Town Meeting, 
it was proposed that a Deputy should be chosen to represent 
said town. After some debates the business was put to vote, 
when Mr. John Talman was by a great majority chosen. 

JOHN R0D;MAN, Clerk. 
STEPHEN VAN WYCK. 

16. March 27, 1775, Samuel Townsend, Town Clerk, 
gave notice by advertisement in the following words : " I 
have received a letter from the chairman of the committee of 
New-York, recommending it to the freeholders of Oyster 
Bay to choose their Deputies .so soon as that they may be at 
New-York by April 20th, the day proposed for the meeting 
of the Convention : and as our annual Town Meeting is so 
near at hand, I thought it best previous to said meeting to 
acquaint the freeholders that I should lay said letter before 



26 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

the meeting, that in the interim they might have an oppor- 
tunity of thinking whether it will be proper or not to ch:jose 
a Deputy on that day." 

At the annual Town Meeting, Thomas Smith was chosen 
Moderator, and after going through the business of the town, 
Samuel Townsend read the above cited letter and offered it 
to the consideration of the freeholders and inhabitants : and 
it was objected by many against having any thing to do with 
Deputies or Congresses, and insisted by some to choose a 
Deputy. The Moderator proposed to go out and separate, 
but it was objected to and a poll demanded. The Town 
Clerk wrote down the votes, and at the close of the poll there 
appeared on the list for Deputy, 42 ; against, 205. — Oyster 
Bay Records. 

To the Provincial Convention. 
17. Whereas, the unhappy disputes between the mother 
country and the American Colonies, we humbly conceive, 
has arisen from assumed power, claimed by the British Par- 
liament, to pass laws binding on us in all cases whatsoever, 
hath given us great uneasiness ; and as we conceive unan- 
imity among the inhabitants of the colonies is the only means 
under Providence to secure the essential rights and liberties 
of Englishmen, and in order that the inhabitants of the 
different colonies should know each other's sentiments and 
form general plans for the union and regulation of the whole : 
it is necessary there should be Delegates appointed to meet 
in General Congress : and whereas the committee of corres- 
pondence of New-York did request the people of Queens 
County to choose Deputies : In consequence thereof there 
was a Town Meeting at Oyster Bay on April 4th, for the 
appointing of one Deputy ; but there appearing at said 
meeting a majority against it, yet nevertheless, we, the 
subscribers, freeholders of Oyster Bay, being determined to 
do all in our power to keep in unity with you and the colo- 
nies on the continent, and desirous of being in some measure 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 



27 



represented at the General Congress, do hereby appoint 
Zebulon Williams as our Deputy, giving unto him full 
power to act in our behalf in the premises aforesaid. In 
confirmation whereof we have hereunto set our hands respec- 
tively. Oyster Bay, April 12, 1775. 



George Townsend, 
Micajali Townsend, 
William Seaman, 
David Laton, 
George Bennet, 
Joseph Carpenter, 
John Schenck, 
Peter Hegeman, 
James Townsend, Jr., 
John Wright, 
Gilbert Wright, 
Richard Weeks, 
James Townsend, 
William Townsend, 
Prior Townsend, 



William Latting, 
Benjamin Latiing, 
Jos. Thorney Craft, 
William Hopkins, 
Joseph Coles, 
Albert Albertson, 
John Luister, 
Rem Hegeman, 
Samson Crooker, 
Jacobus Luister, 
Albert Van Nostrand, 
Jolham Townsend, 
William Laton, Jr., 
William Laton, 



Peter Mutty, t mark, 
Benjamin Rushmore, 
William Wright, 
Isaac Bogart, 
John Carpenter, 
Samuel Townsend, 
James Farley (Capt.), 
Gideon Wright, 
Samuel Hare, Jr., 
Gilbert Hare, 
Benjamin Birdsall, 
Benjamin Townsend, 
Joseph Doty, 
Josiah Lattin — 43. 



18. The Deputies from the several counties met at the 
Exchange, city of New-York, April 20, when the Convention 
resolved " that the gentlemen from Queens county, viz., 
John Talman, Joseph Robin.son, Zebulon Williams, and Col. 
Jacob Blackwell, be allowed to be present at its deliberations, 
and will take into consideration any advice they may offer 
but cannot allow them a vote ; with which those gentlemen 
declare themselves satisfied and say they do not think them- 
selves entitled to vote. Nevertheless, they are at liberty to 
signify their approbation or disapprobation of every matter, 
after the same shall be determined." (MS. Jour. XL. 10.) 
So they had no voice in electing Delegates to the Continental 
Congress, but gave their assent as follows : 

We, the subscribers, do. in behalf of ourselves and those 
freeholders of Q,ueens county, at whose request we attended 



28 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

the Convention, signify our assent to, and approbation of, the 
above Delegation. 

Signed, John Talman, Jacob Blackwell, 
Zeb. Williams, Joseph Robinson. 

19. The day after the Convention broke up, April 23, the 
news of the battle of Lexington reached New-York, and 
created such a sensation that on the 28th the New- York 
committee again sent a circular and a form of association 
to the several counties, requesting them to choose Deputies 
to a Provincial Congress, to assemble May 24th, and " de- 
liberate on and direct such measures as may be expedient 
for our common safety." 

20. May 18, 1775.— The address of the citizens of New- 
York was presented to Lt. Gov. Colden at Jamaica, request- 
ing him to intercede with Gen. Gage and the King to stop 
their violent measures. His reply was unsatisfactory, though 
given with tears. 

[From Oyster Bay Town Eecords.] 

21. "We whose names are hereunto subscribed, being of 
the number of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace for Queens 
County, and freeholders in the town of Oyster Bay, hearing 
of anonymous advertisements being set up in this township 
to notify the people to appear at Jamaica, Monday, 22d inst., 
to choose Deputies to form a Convention to carry the resolves 
of the Continental Congress into execution, do take this 
method to perpetuate to posterity that we pay no regard to 
anonymous advertisements, nor to any other matter contrary 
to the sacred oath we have taken to keep the peace of the 
county, as far as we are able. 

Signed by us, May 19, 1775. 

, Justice, [l.s.] 

, Justice, [l.s.] 

John Townsend, Justice, [l.s.] 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 29 

22. Daniel Kissam was chairman of a meeting of a num- 
ber of freeholders in Queens County, held pursuant to public 
notice at Jamaica, May 22, 1775, in compliance with the 
above circular, who elected unanimously — 

Col. Jacob Blackwell, N. Sam'l Townsend, Esq., O. 

Jona. Lawrence, N. Zeb. Williams, Esq., O. 

Dan'l Rapalje, Esq., N. Tho's Hicks, Esq., P.* 

Joseph French, Esq., J. Nath'l Tom, F. 

Joseph Robinson, J. Capt. Rich'd Thorne, H.* 

* Hicks and Thorne were intended to represent Hempstead ; but at 
the election three gentlemen delivered a message from the freeholders of 
Hempstead saying they had held a meeting a few days before, and deter- 
mined to have nothing to do with electing Deputies, but to wait till they 
knew the effect of the petition of the General Assembly. It was then 
proposed that no Deputies should be appointed for Hempstead, but it was 
overruled, as in that case the County would be partially represented. 

23. May 24, 1775. — The Congress was opened every 
morning with prayer at 9, by the city clergy, viz. : Dr. 
Auchmuty, Dr. Rogers, Mr. Ganno, Mr. Inglis, Dr. Laid- 
ley, Mr. Mason, Mr. Treat, Dr. Livingston, Mr. Moore, Mr. 
Bowden. 

24. May 29. — Congress recommends .to all the counties 
to appoint county committees and sub-committees* for their 
respective towns without delay, to carry into execution the 
resolutions of the Continental and Provincial Congresses ; 
and that the committee tender the association to every 
inhabitant within their district, and return the associations 
and the names of the recusants to this Congress by the 15th 
July next. 

* List of acting Committeemen, so far as ascertained, from 
ijcritten documents. 
County Committee — formed before March, 1776. 
George Townsend, of Norwich, C/iairman and Treasurer. 
Joseph Robinson, of Jamaica, Deputy Chairman. 
Jeromus Remsen, of Newtown, Clerk. 
John Williams, John Birdsall, Benj. Birdsall, Daniel Duryea. 



30 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF 



\ SUB-COMMITTEES. 

Newtown. 
Jona. Lawrence, Ch'n, Sam'l Morrell, 
Philip Edsali, D'y Ch'n, Capl. Sam'l Moore, 
Sain'l Rilj.er, 



Capt. Jeromus Remsen, 
Wm. Furman. 



John Tahnan, Cii'n, 
John Eagles, 

Elias Bayles, Ch'n, 
Joseph Robinson, 



Benj. Sands, Ch'n, 
Adriaen Onderdonck, 

D'y Ch'n, Tho's Dodge, 
Peter Onderdonck, Simeon Sands, 



Flushing. • 
Tho's Rodman, 
Tho's Thorne, 

Jamaica. 
Amos Denton, 
John Thurston, 

Cow Neck, Great Neck, i^c. 
John Farmer, Clerk, Wm. Cornwell, 
Martin Schenck, 



Edmund Pinfold, 
Joseph Bowne, Clerk. 



Noah Smiih, 
Nathaniel Tuthill. 



Wm. Hopkins, Ch'n, 
Zeb. Williams, 
Sam'l Townsend, 
Joost Monfort," Ch'n. 



Oyster Bay. 
John Kirk,* 
Isaac Bognrt,* 
Nathan Horton,* 



D. W. Kissam, 
John Cornwell. 



John Liiyster,* 
Sam'l Youngs,* 
Minne Suydam.* 



* So reported. 
Form of Association recomviended April, 1775. 
25. " Persuaded that the salvation of the rights and liber- 
ties of America depends, under God, on the firm union of 
its inhabitants, in a vigorous prosecution of the measures 
necessary for its safety, and convinced of the necessity of 
preventing the anarchy and confusion which attend the dis- 
solution of the powers of government : We, the freemen and 
freeholders and inhabitants of Cow Neck, Great Neck, &c., 
in Queens County, who lately belonged to the company of 
Capt. Stephen Thorne, being greatly alarrned at the avowed 
design of the Ministry to raise a revenue in America, and 
shocked by the bloody scene now acting in the Massachusetts 
Bay, do, in the most solemn manner, resolve never to become 
slaves ; and do associate under all the ties of religion, honor 
and love of our country, to adopt and endeavor to carry into 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 31 

execution whatever measure may be recommended by the 
Continental Congress, or resolved on by our Provincial Con- 
vention, for the purpose of preserving our constitution and 
opposing the execution of the several arbitrary and oppressive 
acts of the British Parliament, until a reconciliation between 
Great Britain and America, on constitutional principles, 
{which 2ve most ardently desire*) can be obtained ; and that 
we will in all things follow the advice of our general com- 
mittee respecting the purposes aforesaid, the preservation of 
peace and good order, and the safety of individual and 
private property. 

Dated at Cow Neck, Jan., 1776." 

[This paper has thirty names, and is the only one relating 
to our county I can find. The others -have been, doubtless, 
lost or destroyed.] — Ed. 

- John Sands, - Seaman Weeks, -Henrv Hagner, 

' Aspinwall Cornwell, - John Stocker, Henry Woolley, 

Henry Allen, Jr., , -John Burtis, -Wm. Hulett, 

^Benj. Sands, Adam Molt, Sr., - Lnke Cumings, 

Simon Sands, .Augustine Belts, - Hewlett Townsend, 

^ John Farmer, - Andrew H. Onderdonk.-Tho's Townsend, 

/Tho's Williams, Jr., - Wm. Hatchings, weaver,-Richard Townsend, Jr., 

- Capt. Jacob Mott, .-Timothy Townsend, -Joseph Smith, 
, Jackson Mott, James Cornwell, -Jacob Marvin, 
, Jores Rapalje, -W. Barns, - Epenetus Plait. 

* " A few keen-sighted men had other views, and were prepared from 
the beginning to go all lengths. Their number was small and their sen- 
timents kept concealed." — Sparks. 

26. June 4th, Congress order that the state of Queens 
county be taken into consideration to-morrow. 

June 22d, Resolved, That Thomas Hicks, Joseph French, 
and Daniel Rapalje, Esq., elected deputies, and who have 
have not yet attended, be requested to take their seats on 
Tuesday next, or assign their reasons for neglect. 

June 26, letter received from Joseph French. He declines to attend, 



32 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

because he was convinced a majority of the freeholders of Jamaica was 
opposed to sending members to Congress. 

Thomas Hicks, of Little Neck, elected for Hempstead, declined taking 
his seat, because be was informed by several leading men that the people 
of Hempstead seemed much inclined to remain peacpable and quiet. 

27. Ordered, That the members from Queens county 
do, on Tuesday next, report to this Congress their opinion on 
the conduct of their constituents with regard to the contro- 
versy now subsisting between Great Britain and the American 
Colonies, and what steps have been taken by any of the in- 
habitants to defeat the measures necessary to be adopted by 
the Continental, or this Congress, for the preservation of our 
rights and privileges. 

June 38. It appearing that a great number of the in- 
habitants of Queens .county are not disposed to a representa- 
tion at this Board, and have dissented therefrom: 

Resolved, That, inasmuch as the people of this Colony 
have appointed us to watch over their preservation, and dele- 
gated to us powers necessary for that purpose, such dissent 
ought not to be of any avail, but that the said county must ne- 
cessarily be bound by the determination of this Congress ; and 
therefore, inasmuch as the members for said county were elected 
by a considerable part of its inhabitants, and the dissent of 
others is not to the persons chosen, but the choice of any 
persons: 

Ordered, That the members for Queens county do take and 
hold their seats at this Board, notwithstanding such dissent, 
and that the members of Queens who have not attended, be 
served with a copy of the above resolution and order. 

28. July 8. Whereas the Continental Congress have re- 
commended to the inhabitants of the colonies to keep the 20th 
of July, instant, as a day of Fasting and Prayer, this Con- 
gress does strictly enjoin all persons in this colony religiously 
to observe the same ; and we, being taught by that holy 
relio-ion declared by the merciful Jesus and sealed by his 
blood, that we ought to acknowledge the hand of God in all 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 33 

public calamities, and being thoroughly convinced that the 
Great Disposer of events regardeth the hearts of his creatures, 
do most earnestly recommend it to all men to conform them- 
selves to the pui'e dictates of Christianity, and by deep re- 
pentance and the sincere amendment of their lives, to implore 
of our Heavenly Father that favor and protection which he 
alone can give. 

29. Sept. 2. Joseph Robinson has leave to receive one 
hundred weight of gunpowder on paying cash. 

30. Sept. 9. Abraham Lawrence, of Queens county, 
taken in custody by the New Levies, and confined in New- 
York Gaol, was brought before a committee of Congress at 
Scott's Tavern, Wall-street, and after reprimand, was dis- 
missed. 

Sept. 8. G. Bethune, now of Jamaica, formerly of 
Boston, suspected of carrying on correspondence with his 
Majesty's Army and Navy, against the Liberties of Amer- 
ica, was ordered to be brought by Mr. Sears, with his letters 
and papers, before the committee. 

31. Sept. 16. Whereas, a great number of the men en- 
listed in the Continental Service in this colony are destitute 
of arms, and every method to hire or purchase them has 
failed, and the only method remaining is to impress them : 

Resolved, That all such arms as are fit for the use of the 
troops raised in this colony, which shall be found in the hands 
of any person who has not signed the General Association, 
shall be impressed for the use of said troops. The arms shall 
be appraised by tkree indifferent persons of reputation, who 
shall give a certificate, which shall entitle the owner to receive 
the appraised value thereof, provided the same be not re- 
turned. 

Ordered, That the Captains of the companies of the 3d re- 
giment of the troops of this? colony, (now in Suffolk county.) 
carry these Resolutions into effect in Queens county, and that 
Col. Lasher be instructed to send two or more companies of his 



34 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

battalion to give such assistance as may be necessary in dueens 
county. 

Ordered, That the persons so disarmed be exempt from 
militia duty, and in case any of the non-associators shall 
resist, then force shall be resisted by force, and the persons so 
resisting shall be taken into custody and brought before this 
Congress. 

Sept. 25. Mr. Abm. Skinner informed the Congress that 
the persons sent to Jamaica had collected a kw arms, that 
he saw several persons in Queens county mustering and in 
arms ; and he apprehends that those sent to disarm will meet 
with opposition, and that they wish a battalion sent up to their 
assistance. 

Ordered, That Mr. Benson proceed to Queens county to 
know the true state of things. 

Sept. 26. Mr. Benson returned with the following lettei . 
Jamaica, Sept. 25, 1775, 10 o'' clock, P. M. 

Sir : — I have endeavored in the towns of Jamaica and 
Hempstead to carry the Resolutions of Congress into execu- 
tion ; but without the assistance of the battalion (Col. Lasher's) 
I shall not be able to do it to any good purpose. The people 
conceal all their arms that are of any value ; many declare tha^/ 
they know nothing about the Congress, nor do they care any 
thing for the orders of Congress, and say they would sooner, 
lose their lives than give up their arms ; and that they would, 
blow any man's brains out that should attempt to take them. 
We find there are a number of arms that belong to the 
county in the hands of the people. Some persons are so hardj 
and daring, as to go into the houses of those that are friendly^ 
and take away by force those county arms that our friends have 
received from the Clerk of the county. 

We are told the people have been collecting together, and 
parading in sundry places, armed, and firing their muskets by 
way of bravado. We also have it from good authority, that 
Governor Colden yesterday sent his servant round to some of 
the leading people, advising them to arm and defend them- 
selves, and not deliver their arms. In consequence of which a 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 35 

number of people collected themselves this morning to retake 
the few arms we collected yesterday; but for some reason did 
not proceed. 

Captain Hulet, of Hempstead, told us he had his com- 
pany together last Sunday, and. said he, " Had your battalion 
appeared, we should have warmed i.heir sides." On the whole, 
had we the battalion, we believe we should be able to collect a. 
very considerable number of good arms, and support the honor 
of the Congress, but without it, shall not; I think if the battal- 
ion is sent up, the sooner the better. 

Some of the leading men of Hempstead, whom we this day 
had together, proposed to call the town together on Monday 
next, and consult on the matter, and return someanswer or an- 
other on Tuesday next, and seemed desirous to put off the mat- 
ter till the whole Congress met. Whether they mean by this 
put off, to gain time to arm and prepare, or what else, we know 
r^ -t. I am, sir. your humble servant, 

WxM. WILLIAMS. 

On reading the above letter it is ordered, That the com- 
mittee appointed to collect arms in Queens county, be de- 
sired to send in all arms already collected, and proceed in 
collecting all they can, and return to the city by Friday next, 
and that a committee of five of our body proceed to Queens 
caunty on Friday, and use every prudent measure to collect 
arms, and attend a meeting to be held at Hempstead on Mon- 

'ay, and endeavor to prevail on them to comply with the re- 
solutions of this committee. 

, [What was the upshot of the meeting in Hempstead, we 
.;now not. — Ed.] 

To the Provincial Congress for the Colony of New-York : 

32. We, whose names are hereunto subscribed, inhabit- 
ants of the township of Jamaica, do hereby declare, that we 
have associated our.selvcs as a company of Minute Men, for 
the defence of American Liberty, and do hereby promise and 
engage to be obedient to our officers, and subject to the reso- 
lutions and dii-ections of the Honorable the Continental Con- 



36 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF 



gress, and of the Provincial Congress of this colony. And 
we, the non-commissioned officers and privates of the said 
company, have elected the following gentlemen for our com- 
missioned officers, to wit : 

John Skid more, Esq., Captain ; Jacob Wright, Gent., first 
Lieutenant ; Nicholas Everit, Gent., second Lieutenant j 
and Ephraim Marsten, Gent., Ensign. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 
names, in the year of our Lord, 1775. 



John Baylis, Richard Belts, 

Derick Amberman, Nathaniel Rhoades, 

Hendrick Hendrickson, Daniel Skidmore, 
Aaron Hendrickson, Sylvester Smith, 
Abm. Hendrickson, Andrew Oakley, 
Jos. Robinson, volunteer,David Lambertson, 



Samuel Higbie, 
Isaac Baylis, 
Richard Smith, 
Urias Rider, 
Hope Rhoades, 
John Bremner, 
Wm. Ludlum, 
Nehemiah Baylis, 
Thomas Wiggins, 
Richard -Rhoades, 
Joseph Higbie, 
James Hinchman, 
Nathaniel Smith, 
Wm. Thurston, 
Daniel Baylis, 
Cornelius Amberman, 
Andrew Mills, 
■ Walter Smith, 

[*Their uniform dress was a linen frock reaching below the knee, with 
a fringe around the neck and arms ; and a white feather in their hat. Of 
their flag, I can learn nothing. — Ed.] 

SoNU OF THE Jamaica Minute Men, as sung by S. Mills. 

Arouse, my brother Minute Men '. 
And let us bear our chorus ; 
The braver and tlie bolder, 
The more they will adore us. 

Toll de rol, &c. 

Our country calls for swords and balls, 
Our drums aloud do rattle, 
Our fifer's charms arouse to arms, 
And Liberty calls to battle. 

Toll de rol, &c. 



Wm. Cebra, 
John Smith, 
Benj. Everitt, 
Benj. Thurston, 
Obadiah Smith, 
Nehemiah Ludlum, 
Nathaniel Ludlum, 
Samuel Higbie, 
Nehemiah Everitt, 
Simeon Smith, 
Stephen Rider, 



Thomas Higbie, 
Nicholas Smith, 
Benj. Smith, 
John Stin, 
John Innis, 
Jesse Wilson, 
Peter Canile, 
W. Stin, 

Waters Lambertson, 
Robert Belts, 
Daniel Higbie.* 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 37 

Now to our station Int us march 
Ami rendezvous with pleasure, 
Behnviiij like brave Minuie Men 
To save so great a treasure. 

Tolldc rol,&c. 

We'll lot 'em see immediately 
That we aie men of mettle, 
American boys who fear no noise, 
And ne'er will flinch from buMto. 
Toll de rol, &.C. 

We have some noble Congressmen 
Eh'Cted for our nurses, 
And every jolly farmer will 
Assist 'em with llieir purses. 

Toll de rol, &c. 

And they may stay at borne, we say, 
And eiijoy their slate of pleasure. 
While we do go and fight iheir foe 
And save their lives and tieasure. 
Toll durol,&.c. 

Why slinuld we be dismayed. 
If the Tories — tiiey do thunder, 
They only wantto luin us 
And live upon their plunder. 

Toll de rol, Sec. 

Such heavy chaini we do disdain, 
And likewise Popish tyranny ; 
Such hellish fra)s we do defy, 
And will not yield to any. 

Toll de rol,&c. 

Why should we be dismayed 
If the Tories— they dif, us .' 
There are the brave riflemen, 
They say they will stanil by us. 
Toll derol,&c. 

That Tory brood that has withstood 
This great and glorious jovial. 
If they advance, we'll make 'em dance 
The tune of Yankee Doodle. 

Tolldc rol,&;c. 

33. At a meeting of us, the freemen, freeholders and 
other inhabitants of Great Neck, Cow Neck, and all such as 
lately belonged to the company of Captain Stephen Thorne, 
in Queens county, being duly warned on Saturday, Sept. 

3 



38 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

23d, 1775, and taking into our serious consideration our dis- 
tressed and calamitous situation, and being convinced of our 
total inability to pursue proper measures for our common 
safety, while we in all cases are considered as a part of the 
township of Hempstead, and being conscious thatself-preser- 
vation, the immutable law of nature, is indispensable, do 
therefore, 

1. Resolve, That during the present controversy, or so long 
as their general conduct is inimical to freedom, we be no fur- 
ther considered as a part of the township of Hempstead than is 
consistent with peace, liberty and safety j^ therefore in all mat- 
ters relative to the Congressional plan, we shall consider our- 
selves as an entire, separate and independent beat or district. 

2. Resolve, That Mr. Daniel Kissam, Henry Stocker, W. 
Cornwell. John Burtis, Daniel Whitehead Kissam, Adrian On- 
derdonck, Wm. Thome. John Cornwell, Simon Sands, Benj. 
Sands, John Mitchell, Sen., Martin Schenck, Peter Onder- 
donck, and Thomas Dodge, be a committee for this beat or dis- 
trict. True copy, attested. 

JOHN FARMER, Clerk of the Meeting. 

In Committee for the District of Cow Neck, Great Neck, Ajc, 
in Queens county, Oct. 4, 1775. 

Present, John Cornwell, William Cornwell, Thos. Dodge, 
Simon Sands, Adrian Onderdonck, Daniel Whitehead Kis- 
sam, Peter Onderdonck, John Burtis, Benj. Sands. 

Then proceeded and chose Benj. Sands, Chairman. Then 
adjourned to 7th instant. 

In Committee according to adjournment : 

Present, John Cornwell, Wm. Cornwell, Benj. Sands, Si- 
mon Sands, Peter Onderdonck, Adrian Onderdonck, Thomas 
Dodge, Daniel Whitehead Kissam, Martin Schenck, when 
the following resolutions were passed nem con. : 

1. Resolved, That the proceedings of the meeting of the 
23d of September, for enabling this part of the county to pur., 
sue Congressional measures, and the committee chosen in con- 
eequence, be immediately laid before the Honorable the Pro- 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 39 

vincial Congress, or in their recess, the Committee of Safety, 
for their approbation. 

2. Resolved. That the following gentlemen having signed 
the General Association, and being duly elected as officers of 
the militia company, lately formed in this district, agreeably to 
the recommendations of the Honorable Provincial Congress of 
this colony, are hereby returned according : 

John Sands. Captain; Henry Allen, first Lieutenant ; Tho- 
mas Mitchell, second Lieutenant; Aspinwall Cornwell. Ensign. 
Signed by order, 

BENJAMIN SANDS, Chairman. 
True copy, attested. 

JOHN FARMER, Clerk of Committee. 
To Peter Van Brcgh Livingston, Esq. 

The Provincial Congress were highly pleased with these 
proceedings, and replied as follows : 

In Provincial Congress, at Neic-York, Oct. 12, 1775. 

Sir : — The Congress have received the state of the pro- 
ceedings of the inhabitants of Great Neck, Cow Neck, &c., 
relative to the choice of a committee and of officers for that 
district, and highly approve of their conduct therein. The 
commissions are enclosed to the officers agreeable to the choice 
made ; and the Congress doubt not that your committee and 
the other associators, will, in their conduct, manifest a due at- 
tention to the important interests of their country in its present 
alarming and critical situation. 

We are, your humble servants. 

P. S. You are requested to return a list of the Associators 
as soon as may be convenient. 

NATHANIEL WOODHULL, President. 
To Benjamin Sand.?. Esq.. 

Ch'n of Com. of Great and Cow Neclc. 

Vote for Deputies. 
34. Nov. 7, 1775. Jamaica. The polls were opened 
from Tuesday till Saturday, 5 o'clock, afternoon. The per- 
sons nominated for Deputies to Congress, were 



40 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF 



Col, Jacob Blackwell, N., Wm. Townsend, Esq., O., 
Samuel Tovvnseml, Esq., O., Waters Smith, J., 
Benj. Sands, C. N., Joromus Remsen, Jr., N., 

Stephen Van Wyck, F. 
The vote stood against Deputies 788 ; for Deputies 221, 
as follows : 



Micajah Townsend, 
John .r. Skidinore, 
Ephraim Bayles, 
Alexander Wheyley, 
Samuel Riker, 
Philip Woodard, 
Benjamin Cornish, 
Robert Field, 
Stephen Field, 
Mo ris Hizaid, 
Simon Sands, 
Lambert Woodard, 
Daniel Lawrence, 
Fordham Burtis, 
John Rodgers, 

Elbert Hegeman, Jr., 
Elbert Hegeman, Sr., 

H. Hendrickson, Jr., 

Eiias Bayles, 

Henry Stocker, 

Benjamin Coe, 

Jonathan Coe, 

Abraham Keteltas, 

Wait Smith, 

Daniel Bayles, 

Samuel Waldron, 

Simon Horton, 

John Burtis, 

Wm. Furman, 

Nicholas Everitt, 

Daniel Lndlam, 

Whitehead Skidmore, 

Richard Berrien, 



Andries Hegeman, Jr 
Obadlah Demilt, 
John Waters, 
Robert Morrell, 
Matthias Van Dyck, 
Andries Hegeman, Sr 
Uriah Mitchell, 
Thomas I^odman, 
John Parker, 
John Thorne, H., 
Thos. Thorne, 
John Thorne, F. 
Cornelius Van Wyck, 
Wm. Thorne, 
Thomas Mitchell, 
John Montaine, 
James Doughty, 
John Yates, 

James Burling, 
Richard Rapalje, 

Gilliam Cornell, 

Licrease Carpenter, Jr. 

Jacob Carpenter, 

John Luyster, 

Rem. Hegeman, 

Jacobus Luyster, 

Samson Crooker, 

Lieut. Charles Hicks, 

John Brimner, 

Thos. Woodard, 

Joseph Bazly, 

David Laton, 

Jotbam Townsend, 



, Wm. Creed, Jr., 
Samuel Seaman, 
Isaac Hendrickson, 
Wm. Forbus, 
Wm. Seaman, 

, Christopher Robert, 
.Tonas Fredericks, 
Cornelius Losee, 
Joseph Higbie, 
Thos. Dodge, 
Peter Ondeidonck, 
Thns. Wiggins, 
George Bennet, 
Albert Nostrand, 
John Mills, 
Benj. Hinchman, 
Wm. Willis, 
Benjamin Akerly, 
Philip Valentine, 
Benj. North, 
Benj. Sands, 

, Gabriel Smith, 
Richard Valentine, 
Jno. Fish, 

George Brinckerhoff, 
Benj, Moore, 
Zebulon Williams, 
Docto- Lniham, 

Doctor Townsend, 
Richard Lawrence, 
Richard Betts, N. T., 
Wm. Sackett, 

Edmund Penfoid, 



THE REVOLTTTIONARY SPIRIT. 



41 



Thomas Burroughs, 
John Pi'ttitt, 
Martin Schenck, 
Samuel Burr, 
Othnicl Smith, 
Gabriel Furman, 
Wm. Luillam, Jr., 
Nehemiah Everitt, 
Robert Mitchell, 
Nicholas Smith, 
Daniel Hitchcock, 
John Roades, 
Richard Roades, 
Nathaniel Smith, 
Adrian Onderdonck, 
Amos Denton, 
Ephraim Marston, 
Noah Smith, Jr., 
Noah Smith, Sr., 
Waller Smith, 
Benjamin Everitt, 
John Burroughs, 
Benjamin Field, Jr., 
Aaron Hendrickson, 
Wm. Ludlam, Sr., 
Daniel W, Kissam, '^ 
Wm. Howard, 
Nicholas Smith, Jr., 
Nathaniel Box, 
Samuel Morreli, 
Jonathan Lawrence, 
Capt. Samuel Moore, 
Joseph Robinson, 
John Riker, 
Samuel Smith, 
John Cockle, 
Samuel Higby, Sr., 
Rem. Remsen, N. T., 
John Burtis, 
Benjamin Field, 
Piatt Smith, 



Daniel Burr, 
John Burtis, 
Isaac Bayles, 
James Townsend, O., 
Zeb. Seaman, Jr., 0., 
George Townsend, 
J. Williams Seaman, O, 
Gilbert Searing, 
John Schenck, 
Joseph Coles, 
Daniel Searing, 
John Searing, 
Jacob Searing, 
John Sands, 
Pepperel Bioodgood, 
Wa'er Dalion, 
John Skidmore, 
John Skidmore, Sr., 
Jonah Roades, 
John Coe, 
Philip E.lsall, 
Charles Boerum, 
Stephen Pettitt, 
Benjamin Farrington, 
Philip Edsall, Jr., 
John Brush, 
Wm. Belts, 
John Way, 
John Hendrickson, 
Hendrick Hendrickson, 
Jonah Hallei, 
Thos. Denton, 
John Smith, 
Wm. Creed, Sr., 
Stephen Rider, 
Christopher Rider, 
Isaac Hendrickson, 
Garret Murphy, 
Luke Remsen, 
Samuel Messenger, 
John Vanieaw, J., 



Samuel Denton, 
Isaac Roades, 
Samuel Edsall, 
Hope Roades, 
Samuel Lawrenee, 
Wm. Penfold, 
jThos. Lawrence, 
Nath. Tom, 
Daniel Everitt, 
Robert Hinchman, 
John Thurston, 
Hope Roades, Jr., 
Augustin Betts, 
James Hinchman, 
Jonathan Roberts, 
Robert Denton, 
Samuel Higbie, Jr., 
Jacob Wright, 
Uriah Rider, 
Nicholas Van Dyck, 
Peter Smith, 
Denj. Birdsall, 
Jeseph Bowne, 
Jacob Johnson, 
Andrew Oakley, 
Robert Coe, 
Abm. Brinckerhoff, 
Howard Furman, 
Jonathan Thurston, 
Jonathan Wright, 
Wm. Glean, 
Moses Higby, 
Gilbert Elicks, 
Jacob Mott, 
John Eagles, 
Stephen Cornell, 
Is. Hicks, 
David Lamherson, 
Adam Molt, Cow N., 
Jacob Valentine. — 221. 



42 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

Certified by Joseph Robinson, Inspector of the Polls. 
Queens county therefore had no representation in the Con- 
gress till May 14, 1776. 

35. Nov. 30. Capt. Richard Hulet, of Hempstead, re- 
ceived a great quantity of powder, ball, small arms, and can- 
non, with a gunner to work it, from the Asia, which he 
distributed. 

36. Dec. 6. Congress assembled. 

Dec. 13. Whereas this Congress has received information 
that a number of disaffected persons in Queens county have 
been supplied with arms and ammunition from the Asia ship of 
war, and are arraying themselves in military manner to 
oppose the measures taken by the United Colonies for their 
just rights and privileges, and have thrown out many threat- 
ening expressions, 

Resolved, That such conduct is inimical to the common 
cause of the United Colonies, and ought not by any means to 
be suffered. 

Ordered, That the inhabitants of said county appear on the 
19th inst., by committee, before this Congress, to give satisfac- 
tion in the premises. 

Dec. 21. Whereas the disaffected persons of Queens 
county have not appeared before this Congress, and have op- 
posed the election of Deputies, whereby it remains unrepre- 
sented in this Congress ; and whereas, the Poll List of Queens 
county has been returned to this Congress, whereby the per- 
sons so offending may be ascertained : 

Resolved, That such persons are guilty of a breach of the 
General Association, and of open contempt of the authority of 
this Congress. 

Resolved, That such delinquents are hereby entirely put 
out of the protection of this Congress, that all friendly and com- 
mercial intercourse between said delinquents and other persons 
of this colony hereby is and shall continue to be entirely cut 
off, till the further order of this Congress, and that a list of such 
delinquents shall be printed and dispersed in handbills. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. iS*" 

The above resolves induced some who had been advertised to repent, 
sign the Association, and petition Congress to be restored to the good 
opinion of the friends of Liberty. (See Thompson, i. 202.) 

Whereas, Jn the List of Delinquents in Queens county, published in 
the New-York .Tournal, No. 1721, and New- York Mercury, No. 1264, 
is inserted the name of Henry Suydam, which many have supposed to be 
the subscriber, who not choosing to lie under the imputation of being aa 
enemy to his country, takes this method to make known to the public, 
that the person called Henry Suydam in said List, is not the subscriber. 
HENDRICK SUYDAM, 

Miller, living at Newtown, L. L 

The Printer is desired to inform the public that Joseph Pearsall, men- 
tioned in the List of Delinquents in Queens county, is not Joseph Pear- 
sall, watchmaker, of New-York, now on Cow Neck, L. I. Jan. 2, 1776. 

Dec. 21. The Congress did not dare of themselves to use force against 
the Delinquents, but contented themselves with resolutions, and wrote to 
the Continental Congress for advice and assistance, at the same time 
sending a List of Delinquents, and begging Congress not to employ New- 
Yorkers to quell the opposition. 

37. Proceedings of the Continental Congress at Philadel- 
phia on receiving the Poll List of Queens county, January 
3, 1776. 

Whereas, a majority of the inhabitants of Queens county, 
in the colony of New- York, being incapable of resolving to 
live and die freemen, and being more disposed to quit their 
liberties than part with the little proportion of their property 
that may 'be necessary to defend them, have deserted the 
American cause, by refusing to send deputies as usual to 
the convention of that colony ; and avowing by a public de- 
claration, or unmanly design of remaining inactive specta- 
tors of the present contest, vainly flattering themselves, per- 
haps, that should Providence declare for our enemies, they 
may purchase their mercy and favor at an easy rate; and 
on the other hand, if the war should terminate in favor of 
America, that then they may enjoy, without expense of blood 
or treasure, all the blessings resulting from that liberty 
which they in the day of trial had abandoned, and in defence 



44 EISE AND PROGRESS OF 

of which, many of their more virtuous neighbors and coun- 
trymen had nobly died; and although the want of public 
spirit observable in these men rather excites pity than alarm, 
there beinglittle danger to apprehend either from their prowess 
or example, yet it being reasonable that those who refuse to 
defend their country should be excluded from its protection 
and prevented from doing injury : 

1. Resolved. That Col. Heard, of Woodbridge. New Jersey, 
take with him fiv-e or six hundred Minute Men. under disrreet 
officers.' and three companies of Regulars from Lord Sterling, 
and disarm ever\- person in Q,ueens county who voted against 
sending Deputies, and cause them to deliver up their arms and 
amunition on oath, suad that he take and confine such as refuse 
compliance. 

2. Resolved. That he apprehend and secure the twenty-six 
persons named, as principal men among the disaffected, and all 
such other persons who shall be found in arms or oppose the 
carrying the above resolution into effect. 

That he execute the business with all possfble despatch, se- 
crecy, order and humanit}'. 

That all such persons in Q,ueen3 county as voted against 
sending Deputies, be put out of the protection of the United 
Colonies, and that all trade and intercourse with them cease ; 
that none of the inhabitants be permitted to travel or abide in 
any part of the United Colonies out of their county, without a 
certificate that he is a friend to the American cause, that no 
lawyer ought to prosecute or defend any action at law for any 
who voted against sending Deputies, and that their names con- 
tinue to be published for a month in the newspapers. 

3S. Letter from an officer in the expedition on Lang Island : 

Jericho, Jan. 26, '76. 
Sir- — Wo et out from Woodbridge on Wednesday, 17th 
instant, with about 600 militia, and were joined at New- York by 
Sterling's battalion of neivr 300. On Friday morning we 
crossed at Horn's Hook near Hell Gate, and met with no op- 
pos^ition ; proceeded on our way to Jamaica, took in custody 
some ©f the principal persons proscribed, sent out parties and 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 45 

brought in many of those who voted against Delegates, disarmed 
them, and required them to sign an obligation not to oppose 
the Continental or Provincial Congress, and not aid the Minis- 
terial troops. 

From Jamaica we went to Hempstead Town, where we ex- 
pected the warmest opposition, but wer; disappointed. The 
inhabitants came in and brought in their arms voluntarily Tor 
two days, as fast as we could conveniently receive them. We 
have got 300 stand of arms and considerable powder and 
lead. We are now on our way for Oyster Bay. and shall scour 
the country as we go. 

Col. Heard sent the battalion* home last Tuesday, as he 
thought the militia sufficient. He is indefatigable, treats the 
inhabitants with civility and the utmost humanity. Many of 
the proscribed as principals have fled or secreted themselves. 
Several we have in custody. Some others are yet to be had, 
but they have had. by some means or other, a list of persons 
pointed out as principals before our arrival. 

Those who came in and surrendered their arms, are much 
irritated with those who have led them to make opposition, and 
deserted them in the day of difficulty. 

Frora W. De Hart to Lard Sterling. 

Jan. 25, 1776. 
As few of Col. Heard's militia came up, I was obliged to 
quarter at Hell Gate. Next day got as far as Jamaica. Staid 
there two days, and then marched to Hempstead. Staid there 
two days more, when we joined, which might have been much 
earlier. Discovered a much smaller number might answer our 
purpose. The battalion left Col. Heard at Hempstead last 
Wednesday with 600 or 700 militia, where great numbers of 
Tories were every hour coming in and delivering up their arms 
— above 500, I suppose, and if transported by water, may be 
worth the freight Our men behaved well. New- York volun- 
teers, not so. 

Declaration signed hy Delinquents. 

Jan. 19, 1776. 
Whereas, we have given great uneasiness to the good peo- 
ple of the neighboring proviuces and the Continent in gene- 

3» 



46 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF 



ral, by our not choosing a committee agreeable to the order of 
the Continental Congress, by our not paying that attention to 
the direclions of the Provincial Congress that we ought to have 
done, and by our opposing the general instructions of the Con- 
tinental Congress in almost all our conduct and actions: 

Therefore, (to relieve the minds of the virtuous inhabitants 
of America, and those of this county in particular, engaged in 
the common cause,) we, the subscribers, do most solemnly and 
Beriously promise, that we will in all cases obey implicitly all 
orders and instructions enjoined on us by our Continental and 
Provincial Congress, that we will act in conjunction with the 
inhabitants of this and the neighboring provinces in the defence 
of American Liberty, that we will never take up arms against 
the Americans, and that we will not countenance and assist or 
join with any of his Majesty's troops in the present contest. 
(471 names omitted.) 

Oath subscribed by the Delinquents. 
" We, the subscribers, in the presence of Almighty God, do 
most solemnly and sincerely swear, that the fire-arms, side- 
arms, powder and lead, we respectively delivered up to Col. 
Heard and his party, or by them taken from us, are all that be- 
long to us, or in our possession or power ; and that we have 
not destroyed, concealed or otherwise disposed of, any of our 
said arms or ammunition, in order to evade or obstruct the exe- 
cution of Col. Heard's orders from the Continental Congress, 
for disarming the inhabitants of Queens county, who are disaf- 
fected to the opposition now making in America against Min- 
isterial Tyranny." 

(349 names omitted.) 

Col. Heardf crossed Hurl Gate Ferry and proceeded 
through Newtown:}: to Jamaica, at Betts' Tavern, and left on 
a Sunday for Hempstead. There was great talk of opposi- 
tion in Hempstead, but it was at last concluded to submit. 
His quarters were at Nathaniel Sammis', The men mostly 
fled. One Anthony, trusting to his wits, determined to stay 
and play the fool. When taken before Heard, he was asked 
what he knew of the Asia ? " Asia, what kind of an animal 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 47 

is it ?" "Take your hat off, sir." Anthony stood still, 
when it was taken off by a soldier. Showing him the De- 
claration, he was asked if he would put his hand to that pa- 
per. Down went his left hand on the paper. He was soon 
thrust out of the room, as a fool. 

Col. Heard next proceeded through Jericho and Norwich 
to Oyster Bay, (Weeks' Tavern,) where he staid two nights, 
his men billeted on the inhabitants. He sent out parties to 
Cedar Swamp, Hempstead Harbor and Flushing, on his re- 
turn probably. 

In some cases the delinquents on being notified came to 
designated places. Remote spots Vere visited by detached par- 
ties. Many however fled, hid in swamps, concealed their 
best guns, and gave up the poorer ones. 

Col. Heard carried off neai'ly 1000 muskets, four colors 
of Long Island militia, and nineteen of the principal disaf- 
fected persons ; seven having left their homes. 

Feb. 6. They were sent back by the Continental Con- 
gress from Philadelphia, and handed over to the New-York 
Provincial Congress to examine and report on their conduct. 
They were put under guard at their own expense, in a house 
of their own selection, in New- York city ; and letters were 
sent to the town committees to collect evidence against them. 

Feb. 16. They petitioned for a discharge, which was 
granted on their paying all expenses and giving bonds for 
their peaceable deportment and appearance before the Pro- 
vincial Congress, when summoned. 

Col. H3ard received the thanks of the committee for his 
prudence in the execution of his duty. 

* " The party of Continental troops behaved in so disorderly a man- 
ner that he was obliged to dismiss them." 

t Fragment of an old Song, intended to ridicule Col. Heard : 

1. Col. Heard lias come to town, 
In all his pride and glory ; 
And when he dies he'll go to H — 1 
For rubbing of the Toiy. 



48 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

2. Col Hearil lias come to town 

A lliiii'^irig for to pliiiiiler ; 
Buforf! he'd ilnno. he h <1 In run— 
lie hO'ird iho cuiiiioii '.huiidcr. 

3. Anil when lie came to Hempstead lowu 

tie liHiird the cannon riittic, — 
Poor Col. Heard he ran away 
And dared nut face the hatllo. 

4. And I'ow he's g<mo to Oyster Bay 

Quick for to cross the water ; 
He dare no m re in Hempstead stay 
For fear of meeting with a slauglitcr. 

{ A Teacher at Newtown had his l)oys drawn up by the road-side to 
make their manners as the soldiera passed. 

39. In reply to a circular letter sent to the different com- 
mittees of Queens county, soliciting evidence against the 
prisoners carried off to Philadelphia by Col. Heard, the com- 
mittee of Great Neck, Cow Neck, &c., replied as follows : 

District of Great Neck, Cow Neck. <^c., i 
March 9, '76. ^ 

Sir: The committee have received a letter from your 
honorable body, of the 15th of February, and as far as lay in 
their power, complied with its contents. 

" But surely [you will say] you could have collected more 
proof than all this ?" The answer is ready. Their meetings 
were confined to their own party, their conclusions kept as 
secret as possible, added to our living in a remote part of the 
county, rendered our abilities unequal to the lask. 

We are, however, able to give an imperfect account of our 
own district, wherein lives but one of the proscribed. And as 
this great man has been supposed by many ihe main-spring in 
keeping up the divisions in this county, it may be a sufficient 
excuse for our being tedious on this head. 

We shall therefore, with the utmost humility, proceed to 
put our scattered materials in order, for the consideration of 
your honorable body. 

Soon after this gentleman left the General Assembly, he 
appears in the light of a disperser of the "Queens County Free- 
holder.'" The design of this paper is glaring on its whole 
surface. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 49 

He next appears the author of the Hempstead resolves :' 
and as the Q.ueens County Freeholder levelled its whole force 
at the very essence of a Continental Congress, so these re- 
solves struck at the total overthrow of Provincial ones. 

Soon after the Battle of Lexington, this gentleman roundly 
avows that the Bostonians fired first on the King's troops.^ and 
that more of the Bostonians were killed than of the Regulars ; 
but as the public prints gave the lie to this proposition, it be- 
came necessary to erect a new battery. 

Hence he asserts the newspapers are lies.^ He had. he 
said, private information that might be depended upon. But 
this having no other foundation than his own assertions, the 
means were unequal to the end. Here, with an air of import- 
ance equal to its absurdity, [he] asserts, " Capt. McDougal 
says ' it is necessary to print untruths' to keep up the spirits of 
the people,* and Capt. St. Thorne [says he] is my author, -who 
heard him say so." 

The populace took fire like hasty combustibles, and although 
Capt. Thorne denied the essential part of the charge, yet it 
was impossible fully to prevent its effects. 

Soon after the order of the respectable committee of safety 
for collecting some arms in dueens county, (see 36.) this gen- 
tleman attacks the right, and ^openly declared that they were 
an unconstitutional body, who had no legal existence. a"nd that 
he was determined to resist the order; but had it been the 
Continental Congress [he said] he would have submitted pub- 
licly, for he did not deny their authority, but spoke respectfully 
of them. 

" But what [said he] is to be done for our friends in Boston 
— the friends to order and good government — and loyal soldiery, 
that are supporting the rights of the States and the very being 
of the Conslitution, who are .starving by means of a restrictory 
Act ?" '• Why, this," says he, '• I'll do—" 

" I'll charter Capt. Thome's sloop^ and send them provi- 
sions," notwithstanding an order of the honorable Congress to 
the contrary. 

Mark the gradual steps of thi.^ gentleman to something of 
more alarming dye: for things were no sooner ripe, than he 
attacks the honorable Continental Congress itself; hence *he 



50 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

has openly asserted he knew no such s[elf constituted aujtho- 
rity, and declared they were in c[onsequence unconstitutijonal. 

Not content with dispersing a scandalous libel ; fabricating 
seditious resolves ; declaring our bleeding friends in Boston 
the aggressors ; alarming opposition by our great loss ; dis- 
countenancing our public prints : defaming our respectable 
committee of safety ; denying the authority of our honorable 
Continental Congress ; but [he] begins an open attack on our 
grand resource, the continental currency, also. 

Hence he asserts, " I take no continental currency' unless 
for a bad debt :" and getting one of these bills on this ground, 
expressed his uneasiness to pay it away as soon as possible. 
" But we see [you'll say] no accounts of the formation of com- 
mittees who protested against your spring and fall county 
meetings for deputies. We see no proof of the meeting pre- 
vious to their getting powder from the Asia, nor any of the 
proscribed being concerned in that affair." Very true ; for 
this proof is not in our power. " Why, you might have cited 
some of their second rate leaders, and by that means got proof 
to your satisfaction." What effects the solemnity of your 
honorable body might have on them, we do not pretend to de- 
termine ; but we have tried the experiment in our own Httle 
sphere, and found it entirely in vain. We fear you are tired 
through this long detail. 

So con[scious of the importance of the subject, we are] de- 
termined to persevere [in the discharge of our duties.] 
We are, sir. 

Your very humble servants. 
Signed by order, 

BENJ. SANDS, Chairman. 

P. S. We have cited , Esq., an inactive 

Whig, for interrogation, who evaded attendance on pretence 
of business. We suspect him too good an evidence to escape 
your notice, as well as to convince him that all business must 
bend to the preservation of his country. 

To Col. Nath'l Woodhull, 

President of the Hon. Provincial Congress. 

' Witness — Dan'l Whitehead Kissam, of Cow Neck. 

• Witness— John Burtis, tanner, of Cow Neck. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 



51 



^ Witness — Henry Stocker, Capt. Richard Thome, of Great Neck. 

*^Witness— ObadiahDemilt, of Cow Neck. 

* Witness — Ann Rapalje,of Cow Neck. 

® Witness — John Burtis, tanner. . 

^ Witness — Caleb Cornwell, Cow Neck. 

8 Witness— Rich'd Thorne, Capt. Thomas Williams, North Side. 

' Witness— Henry Stocker, Great Neck ; Thomas Williams, North 
Side. 

40. February 18, '76. A circular letter was sent to the 
counties for raising companies in four regiments, for the de- 
fence of the colony, by order of the Continental Congress. 

March 5. Congress took into consideration the state of 
the militia in Queens county, and determined that it would 
be requisite to have the friends to the liberties of their 
country there properly regimented, and a letter was sent to 
Col. Blackwell. 

In Provincial Congress, March 7, '76. 

Gentlemen : The Congress being of opinion that it is ab- 
solutely necessary that the inhabitants of your county, who 
have signed the association, and are friendly to the liberties of 
their country, should be formed into military companies and 
regimented, and be in a capacity of defending themselves if 
attacked; (and being informed that they have appointed a 
county committee, and likewise that committees are chosen in 
several districts in your county.) that they carry the resolves of 
Congress for regulating the militia into execution, and recom- 
mend suitable men for field officers. 

The very great importance of the rights for which we are 
contending, the situation of our pubhc affairs, and the great 
probability that the enemy will endeavor to get possession of 
this colony in the course of the spring, renders it totally unne- 
cessary for us to use any arguments with you on the subject. 
We doubt not you will exert yourselves to have these matters 
settled with all possible despatch in your county. 
Your humble servant, 

NATH'L WOODHULL, Pres. 

41. March 6, '76. Gen. Lee sent Col. Ward to secure 



52 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

the whole body of torics on Long Island, in order to put the 
city and its environs in a state of defi^'nce. 

On the 12th, Daniel Whitehead Kissam, one of the com- 
mittee of Great Neck, Cow Neck, &c., waited on the Pro- 
vincial Congress, and complained of Isaac Seers for intruding 
into their district, and imposing a test on sundry persons. 

Seers sent to the Congress the following letter from Gen. 
Lee, as a justification of his conduct : 

New- York, March 5, '76. 

Sir : As I have received information from the Commander- 
in-Chief that there is reason soon to expect a very considerable 
army of tlie enemy, it appears to me I should be in the highest 
degree culpable — I should be responsible to God, my own con- 
science, and the Continental Congress of America, in sufi'ering, 
at so dangerous a crisis, a knot of professed foes to American 
liberty to remain any longer within our own bosom, either to turn 
openly against us in arms, in conjunction with the enemy, or 
covertly to furnish them with intelligence, and carry on a cor- 
respondence to the ruin of their country, I must desire you 
will offer a copy of this test, enclosed, to the people of whom I 
send you a list. Their refusal must be considered an avoAval 
of their hostile intentions. 

You are, therefore to secure their persons, and send them 
up without loss of lime, as irreclaimable enemies to their 
country, to close custody in Connecticut. 

Richard Hulet is to have no conditions offered to him, but 
to be secured without ceremony. 

CHA'S LEE, Maj. Gen. 

Seers'' Expedition on Long Island. 

Jamaica, March 7, '76. 
Sir: Yesterday I arrived at Newtown, with a captain's 
company, and tendered the oath to four of the greater tories, 
which they swallowed as hard as if it were a 41b. shot they were 
trying to get down. On this day at 11 o'clock, I came here, 
when I sent out scouting parties, and have been able to catch 
but five tories, and they of the first rank, who swallowed the 
oath. The houses are so scattered, it is impossible to catch 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 53 

many, without horses to ride after them ; but I shall exert my- 
self to catch the greatest part of the ringleaders, and believe I 
shall effect it. but not in less than five days. I can assure your 
honor, there are a set of villains in this county, the better half 
of whom are waiting for support, and intend to take up arms. 
Nothing else will do but removing the ringleaders to a place 

of security. 

Lieut. Col. ISAAC SEERS, Dep. Ad. Gen. 

To Gen. Lee. 

42. March 13, 1776. — Congress had issued an order to 
the committee of Cow and Great Neck for six horsemen from 
Queens county, to keep a lookout at Thomas Cornwell's, at 
Rockaway. 

Congress also stationed troops on the coast and beach, and 
armed vessels at the inlets of the south bays, to intercept 
boats supplying the British fleet ofT the Highlands with 
clams, fish, water and fresh provisions. The Queens county 
committee ordei-ed all boats from Rockaway to Huntington, 
eighteen miles, to be secured and put under guards. Seven 
miles were carefully attended to by Capt. B. Birdsall,* who 
seized 106 hay boats and had them hauled up, some in a 
creek by his house, (now Meincll's,) others on the land, where 
they warped and diied so as to be nearly useless. The other 
eleven miles were rather neglected, so that the delinquents 
carried of}' to the British fleet 100 boats. 

* So nciivc a pnrii?an as Col. Biidsail, could not escape the wit and 
sarcasm of iiis oj^ponenis. 

Hen niiclinm 'S .1 cnnimiltoo man, 
Tlie tiirioB clon'l rt-g.Tril liim ; 
Ami wlmii lie's run his siiiliil raco 
Tlie il— I will ri w;.i(l liiin. 
Ben nirchnm is :i ciminiit on man, 
l)<i ymi wiuil to know the rensin? 
A liisgor ro^'Uf! ranmil ho rntiitd 
To tliLMt. when there's oc iision. 

In Committee, for the Dist. of GrcatNrck, Cow Nrck, &c., 
held at Cow Neck, March 18, 1776. 

43. Wherea.'s sundry disaffected persons have moved into 
tliis neighborhood, whereby the district, instead of an asylum 



54 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF 



for the good and virtuous, is become a nest to those noxious 
vermin ; it has become the part of prudence, and in its effects, 
of necessity, to put an end to such proceedings in future by the 
most speedy and effectual measures for the pubhc good. Be 
it therefore 

Resolved, That no manner of person presume to move into 
this district after the 1st of April next, without a certificate 
signed by the chairman of the committee of the district whence 
he removed, that he is friendly to the cause of his bleeding 
country. BENJ. SANDS, Ch'n. 

In Com. for the Dist. of Great Neck, Cow Neck, &c., held at 
Cow Neck, March 27, 1776. 

44. Whereas I R , one of The disarmed in this dis- 
trict, being since charged with counteractmg the measures for 
the preservation of American liberty, on examination the com- 
plaint appeared founded ; and it was therefore the opinion of 
this committee that he should be held in bond for his good 
behavior, but on resistance of this order it became the part of 
expediency to reprobate this vile man as an enemy to his 
country and unworthy of the least protection, and we do hereby 
strictly enjoin all manner of persons in this district immediately 
to break off every kind of civil, mechanical and commercial 
intercourse with this deluded and obstmate person, as they 
will answer for the contrary at their peril. 

BENJ. SANDS, Ch'n. 

45. March 27. The Continental Congress recommended 
to the committee of safety that all who were disaffected and 
refused to associate to defend by arms the United Colonies 
against the hostile attempts of the British fleets and armies, 
should be disarmed, the arms appraised and given to the 
Continental troops now being raised ; but that they should 
use all prudence and moderation. 

46. An association of a company of forty in Jamaica was 
received from Joseph Robinson and Nathaniel Tuthill, dated 
March 27. 

Ephraim Baylis, Capt. ; Increase Carpenter, 1st Lt. ; Ab'm 
Van Osdoll, 2d Lt. ; Othniel Smith, Ensign. 



THE RETOLUTIONARY SPIRIT- 55 

47. April 25, 1776. Last Saturday the James, pilot boat, 
one of the piratical tenders that infest this coast, came into 
Rockaway Inlet for plunder, but got aground. A party of 
American troops receiving information of it, marched with 
two field-pieces to attack her, but on the appearance of our 
men her hands took the long boat and fled. Our men took 
possession, and found four wooden guns mounted, got her off 
and brought her into safe harbor. — Hartford Courant. 
48. Petition to Provincial Congress. 

Jamaica, L. I., April 13, 1776. 

Gentlemen — We, the subscribers, inhabitants of the 
township of Jamaica, beg leave to acquaint you that we have 
heretofore been disarmed by order of the Continental Congress, 
which we peaceably and quietly submitted to, as not having it 
in our intention to act contrary to their resolves, or the 
resolves of your Congress ; notwithstanding which, we have 
lately been plundered of our cattle and effects, which have 
been publicly sold at vendue for half their value, in conse- 
quence of an order of Capt. Ephraira Bailey, for not appearing 
in arms and answering to our names, when it is well known we 
have been deprived of our arms, and thereby disqualified from 
any such service ; besides which it appears to us quite contrary 
to a late resolve of the Continental Congress. 

We, therefore, gentlemen, request it as a fav^or, that you 
will be pleased to take this matter into your serious considera- 
tion, and if the treatment we have received does not proceed 
from any order or direction of yours, that you will be pleased 
to give us such relief as you may think necessary. In which, 
gentlemen, you will oblige your respectful, humble .servants. 
({2 names omitted.) 
Advertisement of Jive Delinquents. 

(Five names omitted.), of Jamaica, having ihrice neglected to attend 
the times and places appointed for military exercise, and having for their 
non-attendance been three times successively fined, are hereby advertised 
and held up as enemies to their country. 

1:PHRAIM bailey, Capt. 
49. April 16, 1776. An election was held in Queens 
county, when the following Deputies (or any three of them) 



56 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

were elected to represent the county in the Provincial Con- 
gress, viz. : 

Jacob Blackvvell, N. Samuel Townend, Esq., O. 

Jona. Lawrence, N. James Townscnd, O. 

Cor's Van Wyck, Success, Thomas Hycks, Esq., F. 

"Waters Smith, J. Capt. John Williams, N. Side. 

Certificate of election signed by Geo. Townscnd, Chair- 
man of Queens county committee. 

Only two appearing in Congress, the rest were ordered 
to attend and take their seats, or show cause of their neglect. 

Queens Cnunhj, Hempstead, (North S/de,) M<iy 27, 1776. 

I received your letter, bearing date the 21st inst , which requires me 
to give my attendance ; to which I send you these lines, desiring lo be 
excused, as I am so little acquainied with such business that I should be 
of no service, but remain your liearty friend in the American cause, 

To the Congress, New-York. JOHN WILLIAMS. 

Hicks excused himself on the ill state of his health and the extreme 
weakness of his constitution, which renders him utterly incapable of per- 
forming the duties of a Deputy. 
The remaining Deputies appeared. 

Jamaica, April 26, 1776. 

50. At a meeting of the committee of correspondence 
and inspection for the township of Jamaica : 

Whereas this town has, for some time past, been desti- 
tute of a coiTfimittee, 

Eesolved, therefore, that this public notice be given, that there is 
now a committee chusen for the same, and as they are desirous of carry- 
ing mto execution, as far ns in them lies, the resolutions and recommenda- 
tions of the Continental and Provincial Congresses, they earnestly entreat 
all fiiends to American liberty in this town to aid and assist them in the 
trust reposed in ihein ; and should any of the officers serving under Con- 
gress within their district meet with any insults or obstructions in the 
exccuiion of iheir offi -e, they desiie ta be made acqiuiinled rlierevviih, as 
they shall look upon any indignity offered lo such officers as directed 



THE REVOLUTIO:>JARY SPIRIT. 57 

against that power from whence their authority is derived, and shall 
treat such offenders accordingly. By order of ihe Cominitiee. 

EL [AS BAYLIS, Ch'n. 

51. May 8. Thomas Mitchell appeared before the Con- 
gress, was sworn, and says, that " Capt. John Sands (agree- 
able to the resolutions of the Congress) has called out his 
company once a month to muster; that W., of Cow Neck, 
felt maicer, on two different days of training, would not an- 
swer to his name, nor appear in the ranks. Capt. Sands 
levied a fine for each neglect, and W. applied to a magis- 
trate to have a suit brought against Sands to recover back 
the fines. Sands had seized and sold, for thirty shillings, a hat 
worth fifty shillings. On Saturday, May 4, the company was 
again called out — W. was there, and refused to answer 
to his name or train. On Saturday, when he was called, he 
went up to Capt. Sands and spoke to him in an abrupt man- 
ner, and about half an hour after abused the Captain very 
much, and challenged him to fight with sword and pistol. 
Some days before this, W. had challenged Sands, and Sands 
told him he ought to apply to the committee if he thought 
himself aggrieved. W. said he knew no committee, and 
would apply to a magistrate. That Capt. Sands sent W., 
under guard, to Queens county jail. The jailer, Hope 
Mills, said he was not the jailer for the Congress, and had 
no right to keep him ; and applied to Thomas Willets, 
sheriff, who directed him not to retain the prisoner without 
a warrant from a magistrate. W. threatens to prosecute 
the whole guard." 

The Congress ordered Capt. Sands to apprehend W., 
and send him to New-York with all convenient speed, to be 
dealt with as Congress may think proper. 

May 1. W. was brought under guard, and says, "on 
the first day he appeared without arms ; on the second, he 
told Capt. Sands he had no right to call on him under arms; 
on the third, he had determined not to insult Sands in the ex- 



58 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF 



ecution of his office, but Sands affronted him by calling him 
a fellow. That in the interval, he had called on Sands for 
satisfaction, who told him he should have it. He thought 
Sands' answer entitled hii'n to propose a sword and a small 
thing that would speak. That he had no arms when Col. 
Heard called on him ; told Heard he voted against deputies. 
Is willing to bear arms, if it is the opinion of this Congress." 

It was moved that W, be committed to Queens county 
jail. Debates arose, and it was carried, 10 to 7. A warrant 
was made out, and the jailer was ordered to keep W. safely 
in the common jail, at his own expense, till the further order 
of Congress. 

Having petitioned, and made submission for his past of- 
fences, W. was discharged, June 11. 

52. A Training List of the Officers and Men in the Dis- 
trict of Cow Neck, Great Neck, ^c. : 

Capt. John Sands, 

1st Lt. Thomas Mitchell, 

2d Lt. Aspinwdll Cornwell, 



Ensign Andrew Onderdonk, 
Richard Manee, Sergeant. 
Wm. Hatchings, " 
Joseph Akerly, ." 
W. Hicks, 

Steph. Coles, 

Daniel Mudge, 

Charles Loosley, sick 

Thos. Elms, no arms. 

Gab. Lawrence, 



Joshua Willis, 
John Rogers, 
David Doty, 
Caleb Kirby, 
Jona. Mott— 10. 
Edward Penny, jr. 



Peter Lombarde, 
Daniel Ireland, 
W. Fowler, 
W. Valentine, 
Jacob Bumstead, 
W. Ryan— 20. 
John Law, 
John Scultop, 
Wilson Williams, 
Henry Onderdonk,jr. 
Thomas Appleby, jr. 



Daniel Shaffer, no arms, James Harris, 
Robert Wilson, Joseph Sniffin, 

Henry Craft, Head'k Vanderbelt, 



Hosea Hauxhurst, CorporaL 

Austin Mitchell, " 

And'w Onderdonk, " 

Jona. Hutchings, " 

Stephen Cornwell, Clerk. 

Music, John Whaley, Drummer, 
" Charles Stubbs, Fif-r, 
" Gregory Ritchie, Hautboy, 
Elbert Hegeman, 
Ne'bry. Davenport — 30. 
John Burtis, jr. 
John Hutchings, 
Stephen Hutchings, 
Israel Rogers,* 
Benj. Sands, 
John Kissam,* 
Daniel Kissam, 
Elbert Hyman, 
Andrew Hegeman,t 
Daniel Rapelyee, 
W. Dodge— 40. 
Caleb Cornwell, 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 



59 



Ed. Thome, 
Peter Dodge, 
Ed. Sands, 
John vStocker, 
Seaman Weeks, 
Samuel Barker, 
Thomas Carpenter, 
W. Danford, 
Ed. Hicks— 50. 
Stephen Thorne, jr. 
Philip Thorne, 
Richard Thorne, 
Christopher Hertang, 
Jona. Sniffin, 
Hewlett Cornwell, 
Lewis Cornwell, 
Samuel Cornwell, 
Samuel .Jacobs, 
Benj. Sands — 60. 
Henry Sands, 
Edwin Sands, 
Lawrence Marstin, 
W. Baker, 
Thomas Francis, 
John Keys, 
W. Baker, 
John Thompson, 



Denton Duzenbury, 
John Mitchell, 
Benj. Kissam, 
W. Drawer, 
W. Doty, 
Nath'l Smith, 
Reuben Rogers — 80 
Samuel Clayton, 
W. Hutchings, 
W. Akerly, 
Joseph Thorne, 
Solomon Southard,t 
John Sterkings, 
Amos Thorne, 
Thomas Thorne, t 
Richard Thorne, t 
John Burtis — 90. 
James Burr, 
Thomas Woolly, 
W. Smith, 
Thomas Shreaves, 
Geo. Rapelyee, 
Daniel Brinckerhoff, 
Hend'k Brinckerhoff, 
Joseph Waldron,* 
John Gilbert, 
John Searing — 100. 



Joseph Dodge, t no arms, Stephen Hicks, 
R.Suttont — 70, no arms Oliver Lawrence, 
John Bashford, David David, 

Jacob Jacobs, John Thorne, 

Israel Baxter, John Allen, 



Adam Mott,* 
Stephen Mott,* 
John Mott,* 
Robert Mitchell, 
Charles Cornwell, 

* Not appeared. 



List of Quakers. 
Israel Pearsall,* 
John Allen, 
James Mott, 
Samuel Mott, 
Henry Mott, 



James Allen, 
John Vallance, 
Henry Allen, 
George Hewlett, 
Philip Woolly,* 
Samuel Woolly t— 110. 
Laurence Hewlett, 
John Tredwell, 
'Daniel Kissam,t 
John Pearson, 
John Morrell, jr. 
Thomas Smith,t 
W. Smith, 
Henry Hauxhurst, 
Peter Monfort— 120 
Elijah Allen, 
Samuel Hutchings,t 
W. Thorne, 
Richard Thorne, jr. 
Samuel Hicks, 
Charles Hicks, 
John Clement, 
George Cornwell, 
Sam'l Mott Cornwell, 
Sam'l Tredwell, 
Gilbert Cornwell— 130. 
Robert Peter.t 
Richard Valentine, 
John Frits, 
Joseph Kissam, t 
Abm. Brass,* 
Nathaniel Brass — 135 



Richard Sands, 
Obadiah Demilt, 
Richard Kirk, 
James Mitchell, 



t Erased. 



60 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

53. May 10. Charles Friencl, button maker, of West- 
bury, appeared b fore Congress, and gave information of the 
existence of a gang of counterfeiters of the continental cur- 
rency, at the house of one Youngs, at Cold Spring. Capt. 
Wool was sent to apprehend them. He reached the house 
at day-break, set a guard around it, and after searching under 
the bed, in a secret closet, and in a very concealed garret, 
he found engraving tools, copperplates, a printing press, four 
kinds of ink, note paper, and j£30 12s. in cash. All was 
put in a wagon, and conveyed with the prisoners to the city. 

Congress, considering the fidelity and poverty of Charles 
Friend, paid all his expenses, and gave him a reward of $20. 

54. May 10. Ordered, That Mr. Tredwell, of Suffolk, 
draft a letter to Queens county committee, recommending 
them to form and regulate the militia without delay. 

Memorandum of the Militia Companies in Queens County, 1776. 
Col. .lohn Sands, Commission dated June 10,1776. ♦; 

Lt. Col Benj. Biidsall, do. do. 

Major Richard Thome, do. do. 

Major John Hendrickson, do. do. 

South Hempstead. 

Foster's Meadow Company, 98 men ; officers, none. 

Far Rockaway Company, 90 men ; Peter Smith, Captain ; Benjamin 
Cornell, Lieutenant. 

South Hempstead Company, 110 men ; officers, none. 

Jerusalem Company, 85 men; Richard Jackson, Captain; Zebn. 
Secman, Lieutenant. 

Oyster Bay. 

Moscheto Cove Company, 90 men ; Daniel Cock, Captain ; 

Lattin, Lieutenant. 

Wolver Hollow Company, 80 men ; David Laton, Captain ; Rem 
Hegeman, Lieutenant ; John Schenck, 2d Lieutenant. 

Oyster Bay Company, 140 men ; John W. Seaman, Captain ; Peter 
Hegeman, Lieutenant ; John Townseiid, 2d Lieutenant. 

East Woods Company, ti5 men ; Person Brush, Lieutenant ; Gabriel 
Duryea, Ensign. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 



61 



North Hempstead. 

North Side Company, 120 men ; Philip Valentine, Captain ; Coe 
Searing, 2d Lieutenant. 

Cow and Great Neck Compan}', 130 men; Andrew Onderdonk, 
Ensign. 

Total, 1028 men. 

A Return of the numher of men in Queens County, subject to bear arms 
in the different Companies. 



Capt. John Skidniore's Company of Mir 

Ephraim Bayles, 

Abraham Remsen, 

Jonathan Lawrence, 

Abraham Ditmis, 

Richard Lawrence, (Light Horse 

Nathaniel Tom, 

Robert Coles, 
Col. John Sands' Company, 
Capt. John Williams Seaman, . 

David Laton, 

Daniel V. Nostrand, 

Peter Nostrand, 

Philip Valentine, 



ute men, . 53 

98 

86 

107 

78 

) . . 44 

160— 626 
99 
142 
130 
88 
108 
470 
107—1144 

1770 

Eastern parish, 112 men. 

We are to appear at the house of Samuel Nichols on Wednesday, 
i9ih June, at 10 o'clock, forenoon, 1776. 

An imperfect List of Officers of Militia Companies in Queens County, 
besides those elsewhere noticed. 
Flushing. 
June 19, '76. 3Iay20,'75. 

1st Lieut. John Roberts. Capt. Nathaniel Tom. 

2d Lieut. Oliver Thome.* Ist Lieut. Matthias Van Dyck. 

Ensign Isaac Hicks. 2d Lieut. Jeffrey Hicks. 

Ensign Nich.Van Dyck. 
* In room of Jef Hicks, entered Continental service. 
Newtown. — South Beat. 



April 17, 1776. 
Capt. Abm. Remsen. 
1st Lieut. Benj. Coe. 
2d Lieut. Robt. Furman. 
Ensign Benj. North. 



June, '76. 
Capt. Benj. Coe. 
1st Lieut. Robt. Furman. 
2d Lieut. Benj. North. 
Ensign Jonah Hallet. 



62 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

North Beat. 
Capt. Jona. Lawrence.* 

1st Lieut. Wm. Sackett. 
2cl Lieut. Wm. Lawrence. t 
Ensign Jesse Warner. 

Horse. Jlug.Hl.'lG. 
Capt. Ricli. Lawrence. Capt. Dan. Lawrence. t 

1st Lieut. Daniel Lawrence. 1st Lieut. Sanil. Riker. 

2d Lieut. Samuel Riker. 2d Lieut. Jona. Lawrence. 

Cornet Jona. Coe. Cornet Thus. Belts. 

Quarter Master Peter Rapelye. 

Capt. Abm. Riker, July, 1776. 

* Chosen Major, August 10, '76. 

t Chosen Captain, August 10, '76. 

t In place of Richard Lawrence, resigned from infirmity. 
Jamaica. — July 26, '76. 

Capt. Wm. Ludlum.* 2d Lieut. Nich. Everitt. 

1st. Lieut. Jacob Wright. Ensign Ephraim Marston.t 

* In place of John J. Skidmore, promoted to a Majority. 

t Killed by Indians at Minisinka — See monument at Goshen. 

Musquito Cove. — June 15, 76. 
Capt. Daniel Cock. 2d Lieut. Wm. Frost. 

1st Lieut. Robert Cole.* Ensign Wright Craft. 

* " Stout, handsome young fellow." — Scott. 

Oyster Bay.— July 22, '76. 
Capt. Daniel Nostiand. 1st Lieut. Jacob Totten. 

July 29, '76. 
Capt. Samuel Green.* 2d Lieut. Peter Thomas. 

1st Lieut. Thos. Ellison. Ensign Solomon Seaman. 

July 13, '76. 
Capt. Richard Jackson. t 2d Lieut. John Lewis. 

1st Lieut. Zebulon Seaman. Ensign Smith Brush. 

* Late Capt. Carman's comjiany. 

t Late Capt. John Birdsall's company. 

55. Congress ordered that all able bodied men, between 
sixteen and fifty, who had left the city, return with arms and 
accoutrements, as by their absence its strength and power 
of defence was weakened. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 63 

56. In Committee, Jamaica, Mya 15, '76 : 

Resolved, That no person be permitted to move into this 
township from the date hereof, unless he produces a certificate 
from the committee where he resided, that he has in all things 
behaved as a friend to the cause of American freedom. And 
whereas, sundry persons, in passing and repassing through 
this town, have given just cause of suspicion that they are 
employed in aiding and assisting the unnatural enemies of 
America: Therefore, 

Resolved and Ordered, That all such persons passing 
through this township, be taken up for examination. 
By order of the Committee, 

ELIAS BAYLES, Chairman. 

[The Flushing cominittee was not idle either : for after Washington 
reached New-York, there was talk of leaving out the prayers for the King, 
when the Rev. C. Inglis, of Trinity Church, found it necessary to retire 
to Flushing ; but he had no sooner reached there, than the committee 
met and entered into a debate about seizing him. This obliged him to 
shift his quarters and keep himself as private as possible till Aug. 27 — Ed.] 

57. John Livingston, Jr., had a furlough for eight days' 
absence, but on being questioned by the Jamaica committee, 
lie refused either to show his furlough or return to New- 
York. He, with his barber, was seized by Capt. Baylis, of 
the minute men, who delivered him with the following letter, 
to Lieut. Col. Cornwell,* who was returning to New- York 
from an excursion to Hempstead, by order of Gen. Putnam. 

In Committee fur the District of Jamaica, } 
May 31, 1776. 5 
Gentlemen : In consequence of a resolve of the Provincial 
Congress respecting the returning of the inhabitants of the city 
of New- York, who left the same since the first of June last, 
this committee gave personal notice to all such persons as had 
moved into this district, requesting them to comply with the 
said resolve, limiting them to wliat this committee thought a 
reasonable time ; and as many of them, at the expiration of 
the time limited, had not satisfied this committee in their leave 
of absence from the said city, therefore we send such of those 



64 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

persons down to the city as we can get. the others keeping 
themselves concealed. But before this method was taken, 
pubhc notice was again given, by advertisement, requesting 
them to satisfy this committee of the reasons of tlieir non-com- 
pliance — which they have not done. 
By order of the Committee, 

ELIAS BAYLES, Chairman. 
P. S. The committee are of opinion that John Livingston, 
Jr., ought to be kept in custody till he produce one Smith, his 
hostler, who is kept secreted by Livingston's family. 

[The Congress did not tamely pass over this insult to the 
Jamaica committee, but resolved that John Livingston, jr. 
had treated the Jamaica committee with contempt, and that 
they did right in sending him down, and that he ought humbly 
to ask pardon. On his declining, he was sent to jail. — Ed.^ 

* There was a Lieut. Col. Cornwell in the Rhode Island Regiment at 
Brooklyn. 

58. May 28. Congress are informed that Capt. Baylis' 
company of militia and some of the minute men in Jamaica, 
stand in great need of gunpowder. Ordered, That 100 
pounds be delivered to Capt. Baylis and his receipt taken : 
and that the committee distribute the powder to those well 
affected to the American cause. 

59. Capt. Abm. Remsen brought before the Congress J. 
M., Jr., charged by the committee of Newtown (on complaint 
of Waters Smith and Capt. Nathaniel Woodward), with offer- 
ing a fresh insult to the United Colonies, in allowing a large 
flag, in imitation of a King's standard, to be hoisted on his 
ground. Moore's excuse was that the school boys had done 
it, and that as children put up the colors, he did not think 
men would notice it. Being asked if he would defend the 
colonies by force of arms, he said he did not choose to fight 
if he could avoid it, and would avoid it as long as he could. 

Ordered, That J. M., Jr., be kept a prisoner on parole, 
and attend the City Hall from day to day. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 



65 



60. June "&. " Whereas a hostile armament is expected 
here, 

" Resolved, That the following persons in Queens county, 
(9 names omiited.) whose conduct is inimical to the cause and 
rights of America, and wdio if summoned, w^ould not appear, 
be arrested ; and that the following persons (3 names omitted) 
be summoned, and in default of their appearance, be also ar- 
rested. 

" Whereas the following persons (26 names ommiited) in 
Queens county, holding offices from the King of Great Bri- 
tain, and refusing to associate with their fellow-citizens in 
defence of their common rights, have been considered in a 
suspicious light. 

" Resolved, That they be required to appear before a com- 
mittee, by arrest or summons, to show caus5 why they should 
be considered friends to the American cause." 

[Some of the above not being able to give a satisfactory 
account of their conduct, were sent to the jails of Connecti- 
cut, others gave bonds and were paroled.* — Ed-I 

" * Capt. A. Hamilton, attending on the summons returnable here this 
day, was called in. The Chairman informed him of the resolutions of 
Congress relative to persons of equivocal character, and that it is highly 
necessary in these times of trouble to know who are our friends, and who 
foes. 

" Mr. Hamilton says, ' He has fought and bled and been in irons for 
America, that it is the country of his choice and affection, that he wishes 
America to be happy and free, that no promise or reward would tempt 
him to oppose America, that he has refused offers of preferment, and holds 
no office, half-pay or place of honor or profit under the King of Great 
Britain, and desires none. But that he cannot unsheath his sword against 
his Kins, his brother and other near relations, who fight in his armies.' 

" Capt. H. being asked whether it his opinion that the people of Great 
Britain have a right to bind, at their discretion, the people of the United 
Colonies, in all cases whatever? Answered, That he is not sufficiently 
acquainted with the merits of the case to answer that question ; that if he 
had one hundred hearts he would lose them all rather than lose his lib- 
erty ; that he wishes America to be happy and free, and is ready to bind 



66 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

himself by his parole not to take any part against America, or any mea- 
sure of the colonies for her defence, either by thought, word or deed.' 

" Capt. Hamilton withdrew, first question then put by the Chairman 
was, Whether Capt. H. is such a^ friend as described by the representa- 
tives of the Congress of this colony ? Agreed unanimously in the nega- 
tive. Second question was then put, Whether it is necessary to remove 
Capt. H from his present place of residence ? Agreed unanimously in 
the negative. Third question was then put. Whether Capt. Il.'s parole 
is sufficient security ? Agreed unanimously in the affirmative. 

" Capt. H. was then called in, and signed the following parole of 

honor : 

" New- York, June 24, 1776. 

" I, Archibald Hamilton, Esq., do declare upon my honor, that I will 
not, directly or indirectly, oppose or contravene the measures of the Con- 
tinental Congress, or of the Congress of this colony. 

" ARCHIBALD HAMILTON." 

Protection of Stephen Martin, June 2G, '76. In special committee 
of Congress : 

Whereas Stephen Martin, of Far Rockaway, physician, has given 
(Feb. 17, last) a bond to behave himself peaceably and make no opposi- 
tion to the measures of the Continental Congress, or the Congress of this 
colony, or to instigate others so to do ; and hath this day given his parole 
that he will not directly or indirectly oppose or contravene the measures 
of the Continental Congress, or of the Congress of this colony ; it is there- 
fore hereby recommended to all friends of the United Colonies and all 
others, not to molest said Stephen Martin, while he continues to fulfil the 
conditions of his said bond, and observe and keep his parole of honor. 

61. June 5. The Queens county committee solicited from 
Congress a loan of £100— granted. Information also re- 
ceived that Capt. John Sands has 150 men in his district, but 
that they are in general destitute of powder. Ordered, that 
the commissary deliver 100 pounds to Oliver Thorne, to be 
conveyed to Queens county committee. 

62. June 9, 1776. The levies from Queens county were 
ordered to march, June 19, to reinforce the army in New- 
York. The detachment of Queens formed part of the 2nd 
battalion for the city and county of New-York, consisting of 
two captains, three 1st lieutenants, two 2nd lieutenants, 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 67 

appointed from Queens county, and 175 privates, including 
sergeants and corporals, at the rate of three of each to every 
75 men. 

John Morin Scott* appointed brigadier general of the 
forces to reinforce the Continental army at New-York. 

* Sept. 16, 1784. Died — Hon. J. M. Scott, Secretary of State, mem- 
ber of the Coniinental Congress, and member of the State Senate. During 
the war, brigadier general of the militia, and very eminent as a lawyer. 
He was a king's justice in 1766, and had a country seat at Greenwich. 

New-York, June 11, 1776. 

Sir : From the inclosed you will see that you, in con- 
junction with the committee of your county, are to select volun- 
teers or drafted men of the militia, to make a part of the 3000 
militia of this colony destined to reinforce the Continental 
army at New- York, the command of which I am honored with. 
* * * As it would tend much to our disgrace, should our 
brethren of the neighboring colonies be more expeditious in 
their levies and marches than ourselves, and that when the 
object is the defence of our own colony, I need assign no other 
argument to urge you to the utmost dispatch. The enemy is 
hourly expected. The occasion is pressing, and will admit of 
no delay. Your detachment must come well armed and 
accoutred, wnth their cartouch boxes filled with loaded cart- 
ridges. Their pay will commence from the day of their march : 
and for their subsistence on the march they are to be allowed 
one penny, lawful money, per mile, at twenty miles per day, 
coming to and returning from New- York. Their pay is 5s. 4d. 
per month. Your detachment is to begin its march on the 
17th inrst. at latest, and as much sooner as possible. 

Be pleased to take care that the commanding oflicer of your 

detachment comes provided with a proper roll or return, to be 

delivered to me. I am your humble servant, 

JNO. MORIN SCOTT. 
To Col. Sands. 

[All stragglers were apprehended, llencc the bearer of 
these letters had a pass, endorsed on them as follows : 



68 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF 



" On the service of the United Colonies. 
" I? Please let the bearer hereof, who is an express sent by me on 
Conthiental service, pass without interruption. 

"JNO. MORIN SCOTT, Brig. Gen'i:'—Ed.] 

To the Commanding OJicer of the MUiUa and to the Committee 

of the County of Queens. 
Per Express. New-York, June 13, 1776. 

Gentlemen : If there was reason to urge your brigade 
to a dispatchful discharge of the duty imposed on them, and 
described in the letter I lately sent by express, there will 
appear from a perusal of the inclosed papers most abundant 
reason to increase that dispatch. I therefore earnestly beseech 
you, by the honor of the colony and by that zealous attach- 
ment which the brave and free ought ever to demonstrate for 
the defence of the capital of an insulted colony, that your 
militia detachments, regardless of the day to which the last 
dispatches permitted them to retard their march, may hasten 
to New- York with that alacrity which will convince their 
American brethren, that they scorn to take advantage of any 
indulgence which former circumstances induced the equity of 
the Congress to grant them. 

Let them fly, for God's sake, to enable us to make that 
defence which every friend to liberty ought to think himself 
happy in contributing to at the expense of the last drop of his 
blood. I am, gentlemen, with respect, 

Your very humble servant, 

JNO. MORIN SCOTT, Brig. Gen. 

63. Such of the militia of Queens county as were loy- 
alists, or from prudential considerations wished to remain 
neutral, refused to train, and secreted themselves. Many 
repaired to the recesses of swamps. Several expeditions 
were set on foot to drive them thence, as appears by the 
following orders. 

Queens County, June 19, 1776. 
To Mr. Tho's Mitchell, Lt— 

You are hereby required to march your company into Capt. 
Peter Nostrand's district, and divide them into as many parts as 



THE REVOLXJTIOXARY SPIRIT. 69 

you may think proper, for tlie purpose of aiding and assisting 
him to bring forthwith 283 defaulting persons belonging to that 
company, or such of them as you can find, and forthwith send 
or bring them to Samuel Nicolls', and there safelj* secure them 
until further orders.* Given under my hand and seal. 

JOHN SANDS, Col. 

" Capt. Daniel Nostrand received like orders to march into Lt. Robt. 
Coles' district, and apprehend 63 defaulters ; Capt. Philip Valentine to 
march into Capt. Seaman's district, and apprehend 70 defaulters ; Lieut. 
Robt. Coles to march into Capt. D. Laton's district, and apprehend 16 
defaulters. 

64. June 21, 1776. Information respecting Charles 
Arden, &c., at Jamaica. — (Witnesse.s indicated by a *.) 

Doct. Chci's Arden was the person who instigated the tories 
to sign against having a Congress or a Committee. 
*Benj.. Smith, (son of Sam'l Smith. Esq.) 
*Robt. Hinchman. 
*Thomas Smith, (son of Thomas.) whom he threatened to 

hang if he would not sign a paper. 

♦Isaac LefFerts — bought widow Betts' farm. He wrote 

the affidavit of Roelof Duryea about Parson Keteltas, 

and carried Justice French to Duryea's for that purpose. 

Capt. Benj. Whithead, late supervisor, repeatedly refused 

to communicate to the town of Jamaica certain letters from the 

general committee of New-York, requesting the town to be 

called together to elect members of a committee or Congress. 

*Waters Smith, or either of the persons above named, or 

Capt. Jacob Wright. 

Alexander Wallace — resides at Jamaica, in Waters Smith's 
house. 

Bethune. — He maintains an intimacy with Benjamin 

Whithead and Dr. Arden. (-See 30.) 

Martin, from Antigua, dwells in Ob. Mills' House, 

opposite the meeting house, at a high rent. He associates 
chiefly with J D . (*S'ee 60.) 

Charles- McEvers — resides in John Troup's house. 
4* 



70 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

Thomas and Fleming Colgan frequently go to Creed's Hill 
to look out. That two Dimbars, John Livingston, Jr., and one 
of the Cnlgans, were there lately looking out for a fleet. That 
the Dunbars, John and William, shut themselves up and 
refused to train or pay their fines. 

Geo. Folliot — lives with Jaques Johnson, at Fresh Meadows, 
about one and a half miles from Jamaica. 

Tkcophilact Dache, of Flatbush — comes to Jamaica to Alex- 
ander Wallace's. 

J D lives next to Wm. Betts. (His son has been 

pursued several times, but can't be taken.) He is said to be a 
dangerous Tory. 

65. Stephen Rider, with some Jamaica minute-men, went 
to Hempstead to hunt defaulters. A party of nine were in 
two sedge- boats concealed in the swamp at the head of De- 
mott's (now Dorlon's) mill pond. (On the approach of these 
hunting parties, it was usual for the miller to hang out a 
white cloth as a signal, when the defaulters would retire to 
their huts on the little islands in the swamp. Their pur- 
suers would sometimes fire a few random shot in the bushes 
to scare them out, and then go off.) On this occasion Rider 
climbed an oak to reconnoitre, when a ball whistled by his 
head. He saw by the smoke whence it came. A loaded 
gun was handed him, which he fired- The ball passed 
through the body of George Smith, just below the shoulder- 
blade, as he was leaning over the side of his boat to get out. 
Drs. Searing and Seabury dressed the wound, sucked out 
the blood with a tube, and inserted a tent before and behind, 
the blood oozing out at every breath ; but as Smith was 
vigorous and only eighteen years old, he soon recovered.* 

After the British got possession of Long Island, Rider was 
arrested and thrown in the provost, where he suffered great 
hardships, and after a confinement of a year, a month and a 
day, and the payment of a heavy fine, was set free. 
'^June 22, 1776. Examinations relative to the wounding of George Smith. 

Joseph Smith says — " Last night he and brother Daniel Smith, Rich- 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. . 71 

ard Smith and Benjamin Pettit, went to the head of the mill pond and 
remained there in a house till this morning, when the fray happened. 
They went there to prevent their being taken. There was one more 
boat in company with them, which belongs to Anthony Demott, with 
three persons in it. The persons in the other boat had more than one 
gun to his knowledge. Tne first gun fired, he believes, was to bring 
them to. He was along with one of the men in the other boat, and see 
him fire at the persons [minute men] in pursuit. Last night the persons 
in the other boat declared that they would not be taken ; and some of 
them said they would shoot the first man who would take them. Anthony 
Demott was in the other boat." 

Benj. Pettit says — " The night before last he went to the head of the 
mill pond with some strangers, and was there all day yesterday. Last 
night he staid there in a house with nine persons, viz., Anthony, Michael 
and David Demott, Daniel, Joseph, George and Richard Smith, and one 
stranger. They had five guns with them in the house. One belonged to 
Demott, or one of his sons ; the stranger claimed three. They all quit 
the house and went out in the pond this morning, some in one boat and 
some in the other. One stranger in the boat he was in. He did not see 
the person who fired first. If there was a gun fixed from the pond first, 
he believes it must have been the stranger that fired it, for when the — " 

66. In Committee, Queens County, June 24, 1776. 

1. It was resolved that all persons under recognizance to 
Congress, taken by Col. Heard, be sent for by Congress, and be 
more safely secured. 

2. That application be made to Congress to send 500 of the 
continental or provincial troops immediately into Hempstead, 
to put the resolves of Congress and of this committee into 
execution, and to be billeted on the disaffected and deserting 
persons, at the discretion of the officers of tlie 2nd regiment of 
dueens county. 

3. That application be made to Congress to prescribe some 
mode to secure all persons disaffected and dangerous, as well 
above fiftj' as under, in Queens county. 

JOSEPH ROBINSON, Dep. CVn. 

Lt. Birdsall, of 2d regiment, of Queens county, appears in Congress 
and says the committee of Queens have resolved to make up their drafts 
out of the lories in Hempstead, and want Congress to confirm it. The 
committee want assistance to hunt them out of the swamp. He thinks 



72 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

500 men will do it in a week, but a greater number will make greater 
dispatch. The committee want an order to Suffolk to send back all such 
as flee out of Queens ; and that some ofTicer be empowered to secure 
every disaffected person above fifty years of age. — June 24. 

"WARRANT. 

67. To Capt. Abeel, of Col. Lasher's battalion : 

Sir: Whereas, S , of the township of Hemp- 
stead, inn-keeper, stands charged with dangerous designs and 
treasonable conspiracies against the rights and hberties of 
America; and that for the perpetration of sucli wicked designs 
and conspiracies lie hatli divers cannon and other implements 
of war now concealed : 

We therefore, by virtue of the power and authority unto us 
given, by a resolve of the Congress of this colony, of the 20th 
of June inst., do authorize and require you to cause to be 

apprehended and secured the said S , with all his 

papers, and to make search for and take all cannon and other 
implements of war whatsoever, in his house, barn and out- 
houses ; and that return be made to us of the manner in which 
this warrant shall be executed, in order that the same may be 
made known to the said Congress. 

Given under our hand, this 24th June, 1776. 

68. Jtme 28. Washington says : " I have sent a party 
after the disaffected, who have taken up arms on Long Island, 
but have not as yet been able to apprehend them, having 
concealed themselves in different woods and morasses." — 
Sparks, III. 441. 

69. List of prisoners sent from Hempstead by Lt. Col. Caary, 
of \^New Haven,'] to Brig. Gen. Greene, at head quarters, 
Long Island, June 29, 1776. 
J. D., J. H. — From Jamaica jail. 
J. C. — Received powder and absconded in the woods. 

A. A. — Disaffected person, taken in the woods. 
J. L. — Found with his gun charged. 

B. P. — In the swamp in the fight, and had powder from the 
man-of-war. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 73 

E. R. — In the woods, hid. 

R. S. — In the swamp-battle, and had powder from the Asia. 

J. B. — A disaffected person. 

D. S. — In the swamp battle. 

E. R. — Hid in the swamp. 

J. B. — Same, disaffected person. 

N. S. — Received powder from the Asia, absconded in the 
woods, and appears to know much of the scheme. 

T. W. — A d — d rascal, and the greatest Tory. 

IF. McC, T. R, J. F., P. W., S. T.,— Declared they would 
sooner fight for the King than the Congress, and totally deny 
the authority of that body. 

J. C. — Gun-stealer or informer, from Newport. 

H. ZJ? — Said Gen. Washington was more concerned in the 
conspiracy than any one. 

List referred to the determination of Congress June 30. 
July 10 the prisoners petitioned for release, or to be brought 
before Congress to know whereof they are accused, and 
what is expected of them to do. Say they have given no 
aid or information to the army or navy of the king of Great 
Britain. They arc tradesmen and farmers, and in this sea- 
son of the year their business must greatly suffer. — Jour., 
Vol. XXXIII, 224. 

70. At an election held in Queens county, June 24, as ap- 
pears by the certificate of the county committee, 

Col. Jacob Blackwell, N. Cornelius Van Wyck, F. 

Capt. Jona. Lawrence, N. Jas. Townsend, O. 

Waters Smith, J. Rev. Abm. Keteltas, J. 

Samuel Townsend, O. Benj. Sands, C. N. 

were elected to represent Queens county in the Provincial 
Congress till the 2d Tuesday in May next, with power to de- 
termine on the subject of creating and constituting a new 
form of government, to the exclusion of all foreign jurisdic- 
tion. 



74 KISE AND PROGRESS OF 

71. In Committee, District of Great Neck, Cow Neck, &c. 
June 25, 1776 : 

Gentlemen : — Whereas, a vacancy has happened in tlie offi- 
cers of the militia company of this district, by the promotion of 
Capt. John Sands to the rank of Colonel ; this is to certify, that 
the following gentlemen having signed the general Association,* 
and being duly elected as officers of the militia company in this 
district in room of those promoted, agreeable to the recommenda- 
tion of the Hon. Provincial Congress of this colony, we do 
hereby return and recommend them accordingly for their com- 
missions, viz. : 

Thomas Mitchell, Captain ; Aspinwall Cornwell, First Lieu- 
tenant ; Oliver Lawrence, Second Lieutenant. ^ 
Signed by order of the Conmiittee. 

ADRIAEN ONDERDONCK, Dep. CWn. 

Attested, John Farmer, t Clerk. 
To the Hon. Pro. Cong. 

* Form of Association recommended March 27, 1776 : 
" We, the subscribers, inhabitants of Cow Neck, Great Neck, &c., in 
the county of Queens, and colony of New-York, do voluntarily and 
solemnly engage and associate, under all the ties held sacred among man- 
kind, at the riek of our lives and fortunes, to defend by arms the United 
American Colonies against the hostile attempts of the British fleets and 
armies, until the present unhappy controversy between the two countr es 
shall be settjed." 

t He was a diminutive, hot-headed whig, who came from Boston and 
taught school on the lower part of Cow Neck. 

72. July 1. Amos Denton and John Thurston, of the Ja- 
maica committee, inform Congress that Thomas Denton is 
chosen Second Lieutenant in Captain Abm. Ditmars' com- 
pany, in the 1st regiment, in Queens county, and request a 
commission. 

New- York, July 3, 1776. 

73. To Col. John Sands, Esq. : 

Sir:— I have this day waited upon his Excellency, Gen, 
Washington, relating to removing the cattle, horses and sheep 
on the south side of Glueens county, according to the resolve of 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 75 

Congress and the general officers of the army. His opinion is 
that the commanding officers and committees of the county, 
order it immediately done. He farther declared that in case 
the Tories made any resistance, he would send a number of 
his men with orders to shoot all the creatures, and also those 
who hindered the execution of said resolve, within the limits 
therein prescribed. The Commissary of the army engaged to 
me tliat he would pay tlie full value for the fat cattle and sheep 
to the owners, provided they would drive them within Gen. 
Greene's lines, in Brookland. Proper care will be taken as to 
valuing said creatures. Time will not permit us to make any 
delay. I am, sir, your very humble servant, 

JEROMUS REMSEN, Jr. 

74. In Committee, Queens county, July 6, 1776 : 

Whereas, the Provincial Congress, in a resolve of 30th 
June, hath recommended that all persons who have left their 
places of abode with a design to secrete themselves, should be 
apprehended and brought before the committee of the town or 
county : 

Therefore, the committee recommend it to the commanding 
officer of the 2d battalion of the county militia, to see said re- 
solve carried into execution throughout your district. 
By order of the committee. 

JOS. ROBINSON, Dep. CVn. 
To Col. John Sands. 

75. The Congress met at the Court House, Westchester 
county, Tuesday, July 9th, 1776 ; Gen. Nathaniel Woodhul], 
President. 

Mr. Jay moved that, whereas, the Rev. Abm. Keteltas, 
one of the deputies from Queens county, has been solemnly 
devoted to the .service of God and the cure of souls, he has good 
right to claim an exemption from all such employments as 
would divert his attention from the affairs of that Kingdom 
which is not of this world : 

Resolved^ That he be at liberty to attend this house only at 
such times as he may think proper, — carried, 23 to 18. 



76 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

A letter was received from the Hon. John Hancock en- 
closing a copy of the Declaration of Independence ; both of 
which were referred to a committee, who reported the same 
day that, the reasons assigned by the Continental Congress 
for declaring the United Colonies free and independent 
States, were cogent and conclusive ; and that, " while we 
lament the cruel necessity, we approve the same ; and will, 
at the risk of our lives and fortunes, join with the other colo- 
nies in supporting it." 

Resolved, That the said Declaration be published by beat 
of drum at this place, on Thursday next, and that 500 copies, 
printed in handbills, be sent to the different counties of this 
State. [It was read at the head of each company in Q,ueens 
county, and at the head of each brigade of the army stationed 
at New- York.*]— i;cZ. 

* Many officers and leading men now quit the American cause. 

76. July 11. Lieut. W. Toogood was ordered to have 
all boats hauled up at Hog Island. 

77. July 13. The deputies from Queens say the militia 
are destitute of ammunition. Congress order 10,000 cart- 
ridges of different sizes, filled with powder and ball, and 1000 
flints, to be delivered to Capt. Jona. Lawrence, and to be 
charged to the county. 

78. July 19. Congress voted $10 bounty to non-commis- 
sioned officers and privates of the militia, to be drafted in 
Queens county. 

79. Report to the President to Congress on driving off Stock : 
Sir : — I have been some days, and am still, in the execution 
of the order of Congress for removing the cattle, horses and 
sheep in this county, and expect to finish it in a day or two 
more. From the best computation that can be made, there are 
not less than 7000 horned cattle, 7000 sheep and 1000 horses in 
this county, comprehended in the above order, and to be re- 
moved in pursuance of it. A number so large, it is conceived, 
cannot possibly live long where they are to be driven. On the 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. li 

Brushy Plains they will be entirely destitute of water, besides 
having other very scanty means of subsistence. 

By attending myself on this business, I have had an oppor- 
tunity of knowing the extreme distress to which the rigid exe- 
cution of this order must expose many people with their fami- 
lies ; so that some among the poorer sort, for aught I know, 
must be left to starve. The cattle which many people have 
turned off to fat for the use of their families, will be lost as to 
all the purposes of such provision, and their families be desti- 
tute of that necessary supply for winter. In several parts of the 
county there was last year a distemper among the horses, 
which swept off such numbers of them that many people have 
been obliged since to depend entirely upon oxen. These being 
now taken away, they are deprived of the only means they had 
of carrying on any labor upon their farms, that requires a team 
of horses or oxen. The consequence of which must be, that 
they can neither secure their present harvest, nor till the earth 
for a future one. 

I find the people in general are willing to enter into obliga- 
tions, that (in case of immediate danger) they will drive their 
stock to any place of greater safety on the island, pursuant to 
the direction of the Congress or county committee. And con- 
sidering the danger there is under the present regulation of 
losing a great part of the stock for want of sustenance, and 
the hardships to which people are reduced, I thought it might 
not be amiss to mention this circumstance, supposing that the 
Congress, in concurrence with the General, might perhaps, fall 
on some method, in this way, for securing the stock on an 
emergency. 

The difficulty of keeping the stock within the limits pre- 
scribed, will be so great that I doubt it will be out of my power 
to effect it. A considerable number of men will be necessary 
for the purpose — more than I can possibly keep on that duty, 
when harvest is so near at hand. In short I do not see but that 
for the present at least,* I shall be obliged to leave them to take 
their chance. I am, sir, your very humble servant. 

Cow Neck, July, 1776. BENJ. KISSAM.f 

* Aug. 16. Congress received the petition of the inhabitants of Hemp- 
stead relative to cattle. (MS. Jour. XLI. 323.) 



78 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

t Died Oct. 26, 1782, an eminent lawyer. John Jay was his stu- 
dent. 

80. July 20. Congress resolved that the live stock be 
collected into convenient places so as to be driven when ne- 
cessary from the coast into the interior of the Island, and 
there guarded, leaving with each farmer one pair of horses, 
and with each large family three milch cows, two to a mid- 
dlinf, and one to a small family ; or even kill them, if ne- 
cessary, to prevent their falling into tlie enemies' hands ; 
that the one-fourth part of the minute-men and militia of 
LontT Island, be drafted immediately to carry these resolves 
into execution.* 

* The Troop of Horse of Queens county think it hard that one- 
fourth of their number was drafted with the foot, as they have been at the 
expense of equipping themselves as troopers. Referred to Gen. Wood- 
hull. 

A list of one-fourth part of Capt. Philip Valentine's Company drafted 

July 25. 
Benj. Cornwell, Serg't.t Richard Valentine, John Carl, 

Peter, serv't to Griswold,Samuel Davenport, Peter Titus,* 
Wm. Crooker, Daniel Willis, Charles Titus,* 

James Tobine,* Austin Williams, Rich'd Townsend, 

Epenetus Piatt,* John Searing,* Lott Carman, 

Uriah Piatt,* Carr Hubbs, Samuel Place, 

Richard Seaman,t • Derick Albertson,* John Newbury ,t 

Joseph Smith 
Epenetus and Uriah Piatt have each hired a mnn in their room, who 
are to be at Brooldand at your quarters, Saturday, 24th. Aug. 23, 1776. 

PH. VALENTINE, Capt. 
To Col. Sands, Brookland 

t Answered to their names, * hired substitutes. 

81. Resolved, That Jo?iah Smith, of Suffolk, be 1st Colonel 
of the troops drafted on Long Island ; Col. John Sands, 2d Col. ; 
Ab'm Remsen, Major ; and Lt. Col. B. Birdsall. be Captain. 

White Plains, Jiihj 20, 1776. 
82. Sir : — I have received orders from Congress to give 
orders to all the commanding officers of my brigade, to hold 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 79 

themselves in readiness. Sir, you are therefore directed to 
keep the regiment under your command in readiness to march 
at the shortest notice, with five days' provisions, to any part of 
Long Island where you shall be directed for the defence of the 
same. I am, sir, your humble servant, 

NATH'L WOODHULL, Brig. Gen. 
To Col. Sands. 

White Plains, July 20, 1776. 
Sir: — I am directed by the Convention to enclose to you 
their resolves for drafting one-quarter part of the militia of Suf- 
folk, Q,ueens and Kings counties, for the purpose of defending 
and protecting the inhabitants and stock of the same. 

I doubt not but your zeal and patriotism will prompt you to 
exert every nerve on this arduous and important occasion. 
And am, sir, your most obedient servant, 

NATH'L WOODHULL, Pres't. 
To Col. John Sands. 

83. Recruiting commm3nced July 23, (see pay rolls 103.) 
Col. Sands had his quarters at Nath'l Seaman's, Westbury. 
The recruits were ordered out to guard the coast, and were 
exercised four hours per day. 810 bounty to volunteers.* 

* John Sands received from the Convention £617 14s. 8^., for 
payment of one-half bounty of the men [309 ?] who passed muster and 
were drafted in Queens county, July 23, 1776. 

Ab'm Remsen received of John Sands £238 to pay half bounty due 
129 recruits, raised out of 1st battalion in Queens county, Aug, 10, '7G. 

Lieut Col. Birdsall received £34 for half bounty of 17 men, drafts. 

Lieut. Manee do. £40 do. 20 do. 

Wm. Hicks do. £20 do. 10 do. 

Lieut. Th. Williams, in behalf of Capt. Peter Nostrand, received $200 
in part bounty of 40 drafts, Aug. 10, 1776. 

KECRUITS. 

Lieut. Eob't Coles' Company. 
Wm. Baker, Ab'm Morrill, John Weeks, 

WiUct Latting, Ilob't Justice, Avery Lewis, 

Jesse Williams, Samuel Doxy, Lewis Jones. 

Capt. Lalon's Company. 
Benj. Southward, Job Halstead, Peter Luyster, 

Tunis Van Cott, John Covert, Isaac Bogart. 

Jas. Blanchfield, Peter Monfort, 



80 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

Capt. Seaman's Company. 
Joseph Cheshire, Wm. Seaman, Geo. Townsend, 

Henry Colley, Geo. Baker, Jeremiah Cheshire, 

Alex. Smith, Isaac Carpenter, Timothy Williams. 

Capt. Peter Nostrand's Company. 
John Key, Jas. Lockran, Duncan Campbell, 

Edward Berry, Gilbert Angevine, Joshua Ketoham, 

John Langdon, Nich. Lawrence, Rob't Mackaroy. 

Jas. Bentley, Mulatto John, 

Capt. Philip Valentine's Company. 
Zophar Nichols, Ephraim Seamans, Maurice Hearen, 

Tho's Seaman, Caleb Seamans, Jas. Linchan. 

James Shero, James Ward, 

In Committee, Queens County, July 24, 1776. 
84. Gentlemen : — This county being under a necessity of 
an immediate sum of money for defraying the necessary ex- 
penses of the county, we desire that you will make application 
to Congress for the sum of £400, and transmit the same to Jo- 
seph Robinson, Esq., who is cho.sen our trea.surer. 

Signed by order of the Committee. 

GEO. TOWNSEND, ClOn. 
Attested, Jeromus Remsen, Jr., Clerk. 
To Col. Blackwell, &c. 

[Granted. — Ed.^ 

July 22. $2,000 was paid Mr. Townsend for Queens 
county. 

85. July 26. A letter from Joseph Robinson and Noah 
Smith of the Jamaica committee, informs Congress that Wm. 
liudlum, Jr., has been chosen Captain of the Minute Com- 
pany, in place of John J. Skidmore promoted to a majority. 

86. When Howe arrived at the Hook, the disaffected 
from Kings and Queens took refuge on board the fleet, and 
supplied him with all the information he desired. 

July 26. Thomas Willets, Sheriff of Queens, was ap- 
prehended by the county committee and sent to Congress for 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 81 

posting, in each town of Queens county, the Declaration of 
Lord and Sir William Howe,* 

* It granted " a free and general pardon to all those who, in the tu- 
mult and disorder of the limes, may have deviated from their just allegi- 
ance, and are willing, by a speedy return to their duty, to reap the bene- 
fits of the royal favor." 

87. Rules and Orders to Col. Birdsall. 

1. You are to take command of the recruits and march to 
Far Rockaw^ay, where you are to place .sentinels in the most 
advantageous place to discover the enemy ; likewise to be very 
careful there is no communication by small craft from the peo- 
ple of that place on board of the ships of war. Should you dis- 
cover any persons attempting the same, you are to put them 
under guard. 

2. You are to build you a shelter, if there is none conven- 
ient where you are stationed. Charge your men that they 
insult nor abuse any of the inhabitants or destroy their effects, 

3. Should you discover the enemy attempting to land, you 
are to send off an express to me immediately, and order the 
owners of the stock to have them driven off' with all dispatch 
upon the Plains. 

4. Should any of your men disobey orders, steal, or abuse 
any of the inhabitants, you are to put tliem under guard. 

5. You are to minute down daily wliat happens, and malie a 

return, once in every three days, at Head (Quarters, Westbury. 

JOHN SANDS, Colonel. 
July 25, 1776. 

Oyster Bay South, July 27, 1776. 
88. Sir : — By direct information from Joshua Ketchum, one 
of the committee of Huntington, there are thirty or forty Tories 
in Massapequa Swamp.* I have agreed to meet Huntington 
Tuesday morning next, at 8 o'clock. They are to join us with 
200 men. Accordingly, I have given orders to the several of- 
ficers to meet and join with Huntington with 200 men, which 
will be 400 men to drive the swamp ^ and take these deserting 
armed Tories. I have meant not to interfere with your orders. 
If I have any ways, be so kind as to rightit. I am obliged to 
attend at Hempstead Monday next, for those two companies to 



82 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

choose their officers. Pray, stay until I come, as I will hurry 
and come over to Nathaniel Seaman's, Westbury, to see you. 
I hope you will on Tuesday go with us. 
From your humble servant, 

BENJ. BIRDSALL, Lt. Col. 

To Col. John Sands. 

* 

* After the defeat at Brooklyn, it is said, these loyalislscame out, and 
pulling off their hats, huzzaed for King George. 

89. Rules and orders for Lieut. Jotham Townsend, 
July 29 : 

1. You are to take command of the recruits and march them 
down to Matinecock Point, where you are to place sentinels in 
the most advantageous places to discover the enemy, likewise to 
be very careful there is no communication to the ships of war. 
Should you discover any persons attempting it, you are to put 
them under guard. 

2. You are to build you a shelter, if there be none con- 
venient. Should you want any materials, take such as will 
answer your purpose best. 

3. Charge your men that they insult nor abuse any of the 
inhabitants, or destroy their effects. 

4. Should you discover the enemy attempting to land, you 
are to send off express to me, and order the owners of stock to 
drive them off with all expedition on the Great Plains. 

5. Should any of your men disobey orders, steal, or abuse 
the inhabitants, you are to put them under guard. 

6. Minute down daily what happens, and make a return 
Saturday next by 10 o'clock, at my house. 

JNO. SANDS, Col. 
Westbwy, July 29, 1776. 

Additional Orders, August 3. 

Should you discover the enemy in sight, you are to imme- 
diately hoist your signal, then send off your express. 

You are not to suffer your men to play at cards, dice, or any 
unlawful game, nor intoxicate themselves with strong drink. 
You are to observe that no small craft passes and repasses, 
having any transient persons or negroes on board. Should 
you discover any, you are to take them up. If upon examina- 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 83 

tion you find them clear, discharge them ; if guilty, put them 
under guard till discharged by the town committee. 

You are not to let your men waste their cartridges by firing 
wantonly at game. You are to exercise your men four hours 
every day. 

90. Richard Manee, you are ordered to take your re- 
cruits to the bottom of Cow Neck, and then apply to Simon 
Sands, who is to reconnoitre, and choose a jjlace for you to be 
stationed at, where you are to build a shelter, and place one 
sentinel where he will have most prospect of the Sound — the 
sentry to be relieved once every two hours ; should he spy any 
vessels appearing to be ships of war, transports, or tenders, 
send express to Simon Sands, Wm. and John Cornwell ; on 
their reviewing the same, and thinking them to belong to the 
King of Great Britain, you are immediately to send me express. 

Likewise notify the inhabitants, who will drive oft' the stock, 
which you are to see done with all dispatch possible, to the 
Plains. You are to make report to me on Friday next, by 10 
o'clock, what has transpired. 

You are not to allow any man to do any damage to the 
owner of the soil you are stationed on, by destroying his tim- 
ber, fence, or grain — only what is wanted for building you a 
shelter. 

Addilional Orders^ July 26. 
You are to ask liberty of Simon Sands for a long pole, to 
be set in the most convenient place to hoist a flag for a 
signal. You are to exercise your men four hours a day, as 
soon as time will permit, and make return to me by Sunday, 
10 o'clock. 

91. Wm. Hicks, Sergeant: You are to take your recruits 
to the bottom of Great Neck, to a point of land formerly called 
Haviland's Point, now Joseph Hewlett's, and there place one 
sentinel in the most convenient place to have a prospect of the 
Sound. Should you discover any ships of war, transports, or 
tenders, you are immediately to acquaint Major Rich'd Thorne 
and John Thorne. On their receiving the same, and it ap- 
pearing to be the enemy, you are to send express to me, and 



84 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

drive, or order the owners of the stock to drive them to the 
Plains. July 23. 

92. Copy of a warrant to the Captain in the 2d Battalion : 

Cow Neck, July 26, 1776. 
You are hereby directed to take notes of all the inhabitants 
in your district, to the value of double their stock, as soon as 
possible, and make return unto me — fail not. 

JNO. SANDS, Col. 

93. Congress order Col. Smith to march with all his new 
levies to the west part of Nassau Island, within two miles of 
Gen. Greene's encampment.* 

Camp at Brookland, Aug. 9, 1776. 
Sir ; Enclosed are the resolutions of the Provincial Con- 
gress, ordering you to join my brigade immediately. On the 
receipt of this, you will march the troops under your command 
immediately to this camp. You will make all possible expe- 
dition, as the enemy has embarked part, if not ail, the troops 
on Staten island, and are making dispositions as if they in- 
tended to land here. You will send out scouts and parties to get 
intelligence. If the enemy should make their landing good on 
any part of the island and hear of your coming, they may send 
out a party to intercept your march. Keep good front, flank, 
and rear guards, to prevent being surprised. 

I am, sir, your most obedient, humble servant, 

NATHANIEL GREENE. 
Col. JosiAH Smith. 

* Two hundred men, by express orders from Gen. Sullivan, marched 
down to Brooklyn from Jerusalem, when the British landed, to the tune 
of Yankee Doodle. — Ed. 

94. Aug. 10. One-half the militia of Kings and Queens 
counties was ordered to march immediately to Brooklyn ; the 
levies from Kings and Queens to be formed into one regiment 
under command of Col. Jeromus Remsen, Lieut. Col. Nich. 
Covenhoven, Major Richard Thorne, and continue in service 
till September 1.* 

* Capt. And'w Onderdonk's company lay at Bedford, in the barn of 
Lambert Suydam, and marched daily to Brooklyn to throw up the forti- 
fications. 



THE KEVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 



85 



95. Aug. 19. Washington recommends that the women, 
children, and infirm, be removed from the city, as their 
shrieks and cries, as they run about the streets, dishearten the 
young and inexperienced soldiers. 

£200 voted to Flushing for the support of the poor sent 
there from New- York. The committees throughout the State 
were enjoined to show hospitality to the fugitives. 

96. Aug. 12. Capt. P. Nostrand was stationed at Far 
Rockaway with forty-six men, to guard the coast. There 
was a guard at David Mott's, and at Hog Island inlet was a 
guard boat. A guard was often put on board fishing boats, 
to prevent their giving information to the British fleet, t3 
which the disafiected used to carry water, eggs, gammons, 
butter, and fresh provisions. 

A true and exact list of the men in actual service in Capt. Peter Nos- 
trand's Company, stationed at Far Rockaway,* this day reviewed, and 
all found to he able and effective men. 

Benj. Cornwell, 1st Sergeant. Rogers Hamilton, Drummer. 

Martin Ryerson, 2(1 do. Tunis Van Cott, Fifer. 

Abm. Probasco, 3J do. 

Privates. 
Samuel Searing, Richard Cornwell, John Bennet, 

Richard Seaman, John Gibson, Daniel Luyster, 

William Johnson, Jacob Williams, Benj. Kirby, 

John Davis, John Townsend, George Monfort, 

Wm. Beedle, Samuel Valentine, John Probasco, 

John Newbury, John Wright, George Bogart, 

John Doxy, John Brickie, Samuel Mott, 

Wm. Demott, Wm. Birdsall, James Pine, 

Jacob Hendrickson, Cornelius Hoogland, Andris Cashow, 
Simon Voorhies, Wm. Bennet, Rich'd Weeks, sick. 

Thomas Akerly, John Baker, Rem Hortenburgh, 

Isaac Hendrickson, George Downing, Isaac Remsen — 40. 

Aug. 10, 1776. Received of Col. Sands, ,^200, part bounty of forty 
of Capt. Peter Nostrand's company, returned as drafts. 

THOS. WILLIAMS, Lieutenant. 
* Isaiah Do.Key says the Americans had a force stationed with pitched 
tents, at Far Rockaway. Nelly Cornell, looking out of an upper win- 



86 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

dow, called to the American officer, and told him she saw " trees rising 
from the ocean." He looked, called another officer, and said, " that's 
the British fleet ; down with the tents, and let's be ofl^ to the ferry." 
Wagons were then impressed to convey the baggage, and all the cattle 
were driven off. 

Camp, Long Island, Aug. 19, 1776. 

97. I, the subscriber, went down to Rockaway just at day- 
break, with my company of Light Horse, pursuant to an order 
from Brig. Gen. Heard, to take care of some boats. At the 

house of Van Brockle, I discovered a number of men 

issue out of the door and run, some of thern partly dressed, 
and some in their shirts only. Immediately! ordered my men 
to pursue them, and presently overtook three of their number, 
and took them prisoners. Two of them got to the woods and 
hid under the bushes ; on finding them, I ordered them to sur- 
render. One of them did ; the other absolutely refused, al- 
though one of my men had his gun presented to his breast; 
on which my men alighted and took him. 

After I had taken six prisoners, I examined the beach and 
found a boat and four oars, and a paddle. In the boat were 
three sheep, four ducks, and a large bottle with water. 

LAMBERT SUYDAM, Captain of the Troop. 

98. Aug. 24. Congress order half the Western Regiment 
of Suffolk, with five days' provisions, to march into the 
western part of Queens, and that the officers of the militia of 
Queens order out the whole militia, with the troop of horse, 
and use all diligence to prevent the stock falling into the 
hands of the enemy ; that the captain of the troop of horse 
of Kings county join said militia ; and that the inhabitants 
of Queens (not of the militia) assist, when ordered. 

List of Field Officers — part of Suffolk and Queeris. 
Col. Josiah Smith.* Major Abm. Remsen. 

Lt. Col. Jno. Sands. 

Staff Officers. 
Chaplain . Surgeon . 



Adjt. Thos. Waterman. Surgeon's Mate 

Q. Master Increase Carpenter. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIKIT. 



87 



Ojficers.- 

Capt. Zeph'h Rogers. 
1st Lt. Edward Tapping. 

1st Sergt. Hugh Gelston. 

2d do. Timothy Halsey. 

3d do. David Lupton. 



-jYo. 1. 

2d Lt. Paul Jones. 

1st Corp. Jehiel Howell 
2d do. Elias Pierson. 
3d do. Jona. Cook. 



No. 2. 



Capt. Nathan'l Piatt. 
1st Lt. Sam'l Smith. 

1st. Sergt. John Stratton. 

2d do. John Carll. 

3d do. Jesse Bunce. 



2d Lt. Henry Scudder. 

1st Corp. James Hubbs. 
2d do. Jed'h Mills. 
3d do. John Hart. 



No. 3. 



Capt. Benj. Coe. 

1st Lt. Furman. 

1st Sergt. Penfold. 

2d do. Furman. 

3d do. Leveridge. 



2d Lt. 



No. 4. 



Capt. Peter Nostrand. 
1st Lt. Thos. Williams. 

1st Sergt. Benj. Cornell. 

2d do. Martin Ryerson. 

3d do. Abm. Probasco. 



1st Corp. Gabriel Smith. 

2d do. Glinworth. 

3d do. Furman. 



2d Lt. John Carman. 

1st Corp. Rem Hardenbergh. 

2d do. . 

3d do. . 




2dLt. 



Whitman. 



No. G. 



Capt. R. Manee. 
1st Lt. — 



1st Sergt. 
2d do. • 
3d do. ■ 



Townsend. 

Burr. 

Roe. 

Hicks. 



1st Corp. 
2d do. 
3d do. 

2d Lt. 

1st Corp. 
2d do. 
3d do. 



Resco. 
Concklin. 
• Kelsey. 



— Townsend. 



Mitchell. 
■ Jackson. 



No. 7. 



Capt. - 
1st Lt. 



— Strong. 
Hrewster. 



2dLt. 



Brewster. 



88 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF 



1st Sergt. 
2d do. 
3d do. 



■Woodhull. 
Smith. 
Woodhull. 

No. 



1st Corp. 
2d do. 
3d do. 



Hawkins. 
• Marvin. 
- Lyons. 



Capt. 



1st Lt. 



- Youngs. 

— Robert. 

1st Sergt. Beasly. 

2d do. King. 

3d do. Cornwell. 

No. 9. 



2dLt. 



Hicks. 



1st Corp, 
2d do. 
3d do. 



Backet. 

• Lawey. 

• Smith. 



Capt. - 
IstLt. 



Reeve. 
- Curen. 



2d Lt. 



— Benjamin. 



1st Sergt. Wheelock Roe. 
2d do. Rich'd Hubbard. 
3d do. Nath'l Concklin. 



1st Corp, 
2d do. 
3d do. 



Solomon. 
■ Havens. 

• Wells. 



No. 10. 



Capt. 



Ludlam. 



2dLt. 



Martin. 



1st Lt. Carpenter. 

1st Sergt. Thurston. 

2d do. Higbie. 

3d do. 



1st Corp. Obadiah Smith. 
2d do. Noah Smith. 
3d do. . 



No. 11. 



Capt. 



Capt. - 
1st Lt. 



— Birdsall. 



— Mulford. 
Sayre. 



[Broke up?] 



No. 12. 



2dLt. 



Hand. 



1st Sergt. M. Mulford. 

2d do. Pierson. 

3d do. Domini. 



1st Corp. Henry Sherrel. 
2d do. Benj. Crook. 
3d do. Ludlum Parsons. 



* Col. Hitchcock's and Col. Smith's regiment are to do duty in Gen. Nixon's 
brigade ; Col. Van Urunt and Col. Gray, do. in Gen. Heard's brigade. 

99. Aug. 25. Congress resolved, that all horses, horned 
cattle and sheep, south of the ridge of hills in Queens county, 
be removed to the east end of Hempstead Plains ; that the 
inhabitants remove all grain now in barns or barracks to a 
distance from buildings, that it may be burnt, if necessary, to 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 89 

prevent its falling into the hands of the enemy: that Gen. 
Woodhull take post on the ridge of hills, as near the enemy 
as he thinks proper, to check their excursions, and should 
he be compelled to retreat, that he remove or destroy the 
stock and grain, and dismantle the mills by carrying away 
the upper stone. 

Aug. 27. Gen. Woodhull was at Jamaica with less than 
100 men. He had sent off all the cattle to Hempstead 
Plains. In the afternoon he was in the western part of 
Queens, and received 100 men from Col. Potter, of Hunt- 
ington, 40 militia of the regiment of Queens, and 50 of the 
troop of Kings and Queens. All cattle south of the hills 
were driven east of the cross roads, and guards were set 
from the north road to the south side of the island to cut off 
the communication of the British and Tories, and keep the 
cattle from going back. 

He was within six miles of the British camp, and their 
light-horse had been within two miles of him.* 

* Wm. Howard says, " The British, 3 o'clock A. M., Aug. 27, were in- 
fomed by their friends that the cowboys, i. e. Gen. Woodhull's party of 300 
or 3.50 men, were lying in Johannis Polhemus' bam, (late Luke Eldert's,) 
near the dividing line of Queens and Kings counties, with their cattle. 
The British sent a detachment of Hght-horse to seize them, but learning 
from Joseph Howard that their number was 700, (some whig having 
ingeniously exaggerated it,) the detachment was recalled. In conse- 
quence, Woodhull got off to Carpenter's inn, where, 'tis said, some of his 
men were seized in a barn, the rest being destroyed or fled. The next 
morning (it was wet and misty) Woodhull and other prisoners were 
brought to Howard's. His wife went out to Woodhull under the shed 
and asked him if he would have some refreshments. She then gave him 
some bread and butter and smoked beef and wine sangaree. His head 
was tied up, and he had other wounds. She also treated the American 
prisoners. Woodhull was first taken to Brooklyn church (that stood in 
the middle of the street), thence to New Utrecht." 

100. Aug. 28. Dr. Riker informs Maj. Lawrence that 
a number of scattering troops had posted themselves on the 
ridge of hills between Newtown and Jamaica : that they had 



90 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

been in many houses : had taken victuals and drink, but had 
not plundered, as he understood. 

WoodhuU writes to Congress : — 

" I must again let you know my situation : I have about 70 
men and 20 of the troop, which is all the force I have or can 
expect, and 1 am daily growing less in number ; the people are 
so alarmed in Suffolk that they will not any more of them 
march ; and as to Col. Smith's and Remsen's regiments, they 
cannot join me, for the communication is cut off between us. 
I have sent about 1100 cattle to the great fields on the plains 
yesterday, and about 300 more are gone off this morning to 
the same place, and I have ordered a guard of an officer and 
seven privates. They can get no water in these fields. My 
men and horses are worn out with fatigue. The cattle are not 
all gone off toward Hempstead : I ordered them yesterday, but 
they were not able to take them along. I brought yesterday 
about 300 from Newtown. I think the cattle in as much danger 
on the north as on the south side, and have ordered the inhab- 
itants to remove them, if you cannot send me an immediate 
reinforcement." 

The Conofress ordered that Mr. Hobart and Mr. James 
Townsend be a committee to repair to Gen. Woodhull and 
assist him with their advice, and that they cause all such 
stock and grain in Queens and the western part of Suffolk 
as may be in danger of falling into the enemy's hands to be 
destroyed ; and that said committee be empowered to impress 
horses, persons and boats to convey themselves to Gen. 
Woodhull with the utmost dispatch. 

101. Congress had sent, Aug. 26, a letter to the several 
towns in Connecticut, requesting their assistance in removing 
from Long Island the stock, " which amounted to between 
80,000 and 100,000 head of cattle, and as many sheep : and 
to lend their aid to such of the inhabitants as may wish to 
remove." 

Aug. 29. Mr. Van Wyck, from Flushing, reports that 
the enemy's ships lie between Thome's (since Wilkins') 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 91 

Paint and Great Neck ;* and that troops for the aid of Wood- 
hull may safely pass this evening from New-York to Jamaica, 
by way of Flushing. 

Samuel Townsend was sent to Gen. Woodhull to inform 
him of the proceedings of Congress on the subject of his 
letters, and that Col. Smith's and Remsen's regiments were 
shut up in the lines and could not bo sent him. 

* The cattle were all driven off Great Neck. Aug. 26 the enemy's 
vessels Halifax, La Brun and Niger sailed round Montauk, plundered 
Hart and City Islands, and got twelve or fourteen head of cattle, besides 
sheep, ducks, &.c. Several persons came on board from Long Island. 
Two vessels, one the Bloom, lay under Long Island shore, August 28, 
opposite Frog's Point. Two of Henry Allen's negroes were on board 

102. Col. Smith informs Congress that Washington has 
ordered his regiment to withdraw from Long Island. 

Resolved, That Samuel Townsend and Maj. Lawrence 
attend the regiment, supply it with provisions, impress horses, 
wagons or boats to transport said regiment from Long Island. 
J£100 voted for that purpose. 

Col. Smith's regiment oi'dered to Hoorn's Hook, there to 
receive further orders from Samuel Townsend and Major 
Lawrence. 

Col. Remsen followed the Convention from Harlem to 
Philipse's Manor, and requested to know what disposition to 
make of his regiment, when it was recommended that the 
militia be formed into companies, with a bounty of £4 to 
each man. 

Col. Remsen was authorized to grant furloughs to his 
militia to visit, or remove their families from Long Island — 
none to carry arms with them. 

Aug. 31. £215 12 was voted Col. Remsen for pay due 
his regiment. 

Sept. .3. The Commiltee of Safely, in session at Fishkill, 
hcarinjc that Col. Smith's and Remsen's regiments are dis- 
perscd, or have been disbanded without permission of the 



92 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

State, resolved " that Gen. Clinton detain as many of said 
levies as possible, even if they produce passes, it being of 
the utmost consequence that so large a number of armed 
men should not be added to the enemy's power on Long 
Island, and that the committees of West Chester, Horse 
Neck, Stamford and Norwalk, diligently watch all boats 
passing from the Main to Long Island." 

Most of the militia recrossed to Long Island and took 
British protection, to save their property from confiscation 
and their families from insult. Some followed Congress to 
Fishkill, where we find Lt. Onderdonk " in some distress ; " 
and Capt. B. Coe " in distressed circumstances," who 
received £20 due him. 

* Col. Smith returned to Long Island, and was subsequently taken 
from his house at Moriches, and thrown in Provost by the British. His 
daughter Hannah, in her labors and excursions to procure his release, 
caught a cold that brought on a deafness, from which she never recovered. 

103. It is not known precisely what duties the Queens 
county militia performed at Brooklyn, other than throwing 
up fortifications and standing guard at the outposts and 
ferries. Capt. Jacob Wright, of Jamaica, and Capt. Van 
Nuyse, of Kings county, formed two companies in Col, 
Lasher's 1st New- York battalion, in Scott's brigade. The 
Kings and Queens county militia guarded alternate days at 
the Flatbush pass. On the day of battle Capt. Wright's 
men were in Cobble Hill fort. The Queens county militia 
often spoke of lying behind the lines when the British shot 
whistled over their heads. Putnam rode along the lines, 
and every now and then checking his horse, would say, 
" Gentlemen, by your dress I conclude you are countrymen, 
and if so, are good marksmen. Now don't fire till you see 
the white of their eyes." As we intend to give a detailed 
account of the battle of Long Island in another volume, we 
purposely abstain from any remarks here. We annex some 
pay rolls of the Queens county militia. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 



93 



A Pay Roll of the Officers, non-commissioned Officers, and Privates, 
of Capt. Benj. Coe's Company of Militia, in Col. Josiah Smith's 
Regiment, in Queens County, stationed on Long Island, to guard the 
stock and inhabitants. 





1 u 








4) 




Names. 


Rank. ! S 1 

1 o 

p 


c 


c 
o 


m 


V c 
M O 


c 
3 


S 

1: 






July 


Aug. 




$ 


£ s.d. 


Benjamin Coe, 


Captain. 


25 


31 




8 


26i 


13 10 2 


Robert Furman, 


1st Lieut. 




<< 




8 


18 


9 2 8 


Wm. Penfold, 


Sergeant. 




" 




8 


8 


4 2 2 


Nathan Furman, 


'i 




" 




8 


8 


4 2 2 


Gabriel Leveridge, 


" 




<( 




8 


8 


4 2 2 


Gabriel Smith, 


Corporal. 




« 




8 


n 


3 14 3 


Thomas Gillinworth, 


" 




<( 




8 


n 


3 14 3 


John Furman, 


" 




" 




8 


7^ 


3 14 3 


Abm. Norris, 


Drummer. 




<< 




8 


7§ 


3 14 3 


Robt. North, 


Fifer. 




•< 




8 


7f 


3 14 3 


Jas. Hallet, 3d. 


Private. 




" 




8 


63 


3 7 6 


Samuel Blackwell, 


" 




« 




8 


6i 


376 


Isaac Smith, 


" 




" 




8 


6| 


376 


Nathaniel Hallet, 


" 




<( 




8 


61 


3 7 6 


Peter Bragaw, 


« 




" 




8 


61 


3 7 6 


Jeromus Rapelye, 


" 




" 




8 


6| 


3 7 6 


John Devine, 


" 




" 




8 


6| 


376 


Benj. Cornish, 


'< 




" 




8 


6| 


376 


Luke Remsen, 


" 




i( 




8 


6§ 


376 


John Burrroughs, 


" 




« 




8 


6f 


3 7 6 


Stephen Parsell, 


i< " 


" 


\ 


8 


6§ 


3 7 6 


James Parsell, 


It " 


« 


, 


8 


6i 


3 7 6 


Isaac Parsell, 


« " 


(' 




8 


6! 


3 7 6 


James Morrell, 


" 1 


it 




8 


6i 


3 7 6 


Seaman Denton, 






« 




8 


6i 


3 7 6 


John Cornish, 


'• 


" 


« 




8 


6§ 


3 7 6 


Gilbert Ketcham, 


" 


*' 


<< 




8 


6| 


3 7 6 


Elnathan Leverich, 


« 1 (i 


>' 




8 


6§ 


3 7 6 


Jacob Bond, 


« i * 


<« 




8 


6f 


3 7 6 


Nathaniel Pettit, 


i< <( 


t< 




8 


6i 


3 7 6 


Abm. Parsells, 


" *■ 


it 




8 


6| 


3 7 6 


Daniel Rapelye, 


u *' 


t' 




8 


61 


3 7 6 


Simon Bloom, 


€■ 


(I 




8 


6? 


3 7 6 


Charles Boerum, 


" 


(■- 


" 




8 


6f 


3 7 6 


Piatt Smith, 


" 




" 




8 


6« 


3 7 6 


Wm. Betts, 


" 




" 




8 


6| 


3 7 6 


Edmund Penfold, 


" 


' 


" 




8 


6i 


3 7 6 


John Betts, 


" 




" 




8 


6| 


3 7 fi 


Nicholas Bogart, 


" 




" 




8 


61 


3 7 6 



94 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF 















^ 








s 








O.J= 




Names. 


Rank. 


S a 


c 
-5 


c 


to 




Amount. 






o 
O 




s 


Q 


^ 








July 


Aup. 






f 


£ a. d. 


Arthur Antice, 


Private. 


25 


31 




8 


6i 


3 7 6 


John Thomas, 


" 








8 


61 


3 7 6 


James Norn, 


<t 








8 


6i 


3 7 6 


Andrew Bay, 


>< 








8 


63 


3 7 6 


William Howard, 


" 








8 


6? 


3 7 6 


Evert Collins, 


K 








8 


6? 


3 7 6 


Abm. Golder, 


" 




" 




8 


6§ 


3 7 6 



£175 7 



One hundred and eighty rations for one captain and one 
lieutenant, for one month and eight days, at 10 Jd. per ration, 

Eight hundred and eighty rations for forty-four men, 
twenty days. 



7 17 6 



38 10 



Aug. 18. Drew provisions. 



£221 8 1 



Pay Roll of the Officers, non-commissioned Officers, and Privates, of 
Capt. Richard Manee's Company of Militia, raised in Queens 
County, commanded by Col. Josiah Smith, stationed part of the time 
on the shores at Cow and Great Neck, andjiart of the time at New- 
York Ferry. 



Names of Officers, non-com- 




o 








cx-a 






missioned Officers, and 


Rank. 




M 


-d 




% 9 


Amount. 


Men. 




s'" 


-3 


c 


>> 


M 2 








- 


O 




S 


to 


^ 










July 


Aug. 






$ 


£ 


s. d. 


Richard Ma nee. 


Captain. 


23 


31 




10 


2ef 


14 


5 


Jotham Townsend, 


1st Lieut. 


25 


" 




8 


18 


9 


2 1 


Richard Townsend, 


2d Lieut. 


" 


" 




8 


18 


9 


2 1 


William Roe, 


Sergeant. 


" 


" 




8 


8 


4 


9 


Samuel Burr, 


" 


" 


« 




8 


8 


4 


9 


Austin Mitchell, 


" 


23 


« 




10 


8 


4 


5 


Jacob Jacobs, 


Corporal. 


(t 


" 




10 


74 


3 


14 


John Vetito, 


" 


25 


(c 




8 


7^ 


3 


11 3 


Alexander Hubs, 


" 


<' 


«J 




8 


7i 


3 


11 3 


Isaac Sniffen, 


Private. 


23 


" 




10 


6f 


3 


11 1 


Lawrence Masten, 


" 


" 


« 




10 


6? 


3 


11 1 


Jonathan Mott, 


" 


" 


25 




4 


61 


3 


6 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 



95 



Names. 



Samuel Jacobs, 
Thomas Carpenter, 
Nathaniel Smith, 
Edwin Sands, 
John Burtis, 
Benjamin Sands, 
William Danford, 
William Drawer, 
John Frits, 
William Ryan, 
Caleb Kirby, 
Richard Thome, 
James Allen, 
Stephen Hicks, 
William Hicks, 
Daniel Ireland, 
John Goalden, 
Wm. Baker, 
Richard Valentine, 
Gabriel Lawrence, 
Wm. Fowler, 
Robt. Wilson, 
Samuel Clayton, 
William Akerley, 
John Sterkins, 
John Jackson, 
Obadiah Lawrence, 
Selick Jones, 
Charles Justice, (d.) 
Henry Craft, 
Richard Jenner, 
John Golder, (d.) 
Darius Hall, 
Michael Frost, 
Benj. Downing, 
Peter Hall, 

Christopher Craig, (d.) 
Wm. Goalden, (d.) 
Jacob Craig, (d.) 
Wm. Baker, 
Edmund Stickling, 
Richard Weeks, 
Edmund Kinsey, 
Daniel Burr, 



Private. 



A ^ 1 


5 .:l 




1 


^ 




ft, .— N-- ij 




V 




> r^ = 




D.J 




fc- S 'T- 








r" CD en 


£ 


m 2 

1> n 


Amount. 


^ T3 *" 


^ 03 


60 2 


5^ o >• 


i:ir 




JulyAug. 




$ 


£ 3. d. 


23 


31 


no 


61 


3 11 1 


" 


" 


iko 


61 


3 11 1 


" 


" 


no 


6§; 3 11 1 


" 


" 


no 


61; 3 11 1 


" 


" 


no 


6t 3 11 1 


" 1 " 1 


no 


6?: 3 11 1 


" 




i|io 


6ti 3 11 1 


" 




no 6|! 3 11 1 


" 




ijioi 


6i 


3 11 1 


" 




110 


6§ 


3 U 1 


" 




no 


6i 


3 11 1 






no 


6i 


3 11 1 


<( 




1 10 


6* 


3 11 1 


" 




1 


10 


6? 


3 11 1 


" 




1 


10 


6i 


3 11 1 


" 


*' 


1 


10 


61 


3 11 1 


" 




1 


10 


6J 


3 11 1 


" 


" 


1 


10 


6t 


3 11 1 


" 


" 


1 


10 


6s 


3 111 


" 


" 


1 


10 


61 


3 11 1 


" 


" 


1 


10 


61 


3 11 1 


" 


" 


1 


10 


6* 


3 11 1 


" 


" 


1 


10 


6? 


3 11 1 


" 


" 


1 


10 


61 


3 11 1 


23 


" 


1 


10 


6J 


3 7 6 




n 


1 


10 


61 


3 7 6 


" 


" 


1 


10 


6i 


3 7 6 




" 


1 


10 


6§ 


3 7 6 


" 


« 


1 


10 


6| 


3 7 6 


(i 


" 


1 


10 


6| 


3 7 6 


u 


« 


1 


10 


61 


3 7 6 


" 


« 


1 


10 


61 


3 7 6 


if 


" 


1 


10 


6§ 


3 7 6 






1 


10 


6j 


3 7 6 


» 


« 




10 


61 


3 7 6 


1 " 


« 




10 


6i 


3 7 6 


i " 


" 




10 


6i 


3 7 6 


" 


« 




10 


6i 


3 7 6 


" 


" 




10 


6| 


3 7 6 



96 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF 







c O 




— 


— 


t- 










0,.- 














Names. 


Rank. 


c ^ 


Aug. 


-d 




S _c 


Amount. 








c 
c 














July 




$ 


£ 


s. d. 


Wm. Tanner, 


Private. 


25 


31 




10 


6t 


3 


7 6 


Timothy Williams, 










10 


51 


3 


7 6 


Wm. Brombush, 










10 


6f 


3 


7 6 


Jotham Weeks, 










10 


6i 


3 


7 6 


Solomon Wooden, 










10 


6| 


3 


7 6 


Nicholas Bennet, 










10 


6i 


3 


7 6 


Henry Townsend, 




^^ 






10 


6s 


3 


7 6 


William Hall, 








1 


10 


6i 


3 


7 6 



£228 13 4 



Rations for a captain, twenty- 
seven days, at three rations per day, 81 

Rations for two lieutenants, 
twenty-five days, at two rations per 
day each, 100 

Rations for twenty-seven privates, 
twenty-five days, at one ration per 
day each, 675 

Rations for twenty-nine privates, 
twenty-seven days, at one ration per 
day each, 783 

1639 rations at lOjd., 71 14 1 

£300 7 5 

I do certify upon honor, that the above is a just and true pay roll, and 

that the above persons have been, bona fide, in the service of the United 

Colonies in the several and respective stations as charged above ; and 

that the rations there charged are justly due. Received public provisions, 

August 18, 1776. 

RICHARD MANEE, Captain. 

I do certify that the above is a just and true return of the pay and 
rations due the above company under my command. 

JOHN SANDS, Colonel. 

Examined and allowed the above account of three hundred pounds 

seven shillings and five pence. September 4, 1776. 

COMFORT SANDS. 
To Peter V. B. Livingston, Esq. 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 



97 



Tny Roll of the Officers, Non-commissioned Officers, and Privates, of 
Capt. Wm. Ludlum's Company of Militia, raised in Queens County, 
commanded by Col. Josiah Smith, stationed part of the time on the 
shores on the south side of Jamaica, and part of the time at New- 
York Ferry. Aug. 31, 1776. 





c > 


c i 






5 . 




Names of officers, non-com- 


"S 




in 






■g 


missioned officers and pri- 
vates. 


Rank, i S -3 


^ .2 
>> 

E- a. 




s 


>> 






S 
< 






July 


Aug. 






^ 


£ s. d. 


Wm. Ludlum, 


Captain 


25 


31 




8 


26! 


13 10 2 


Increase Carpenter, 


1st Lieut. 








8 


18 


9 2 1 


Ephraim Marston, 


2d Lieut. 








8 


18 


9 2 1 


Benj. Thurston, 


1st. Sergt. 








8 


8 


4 9 


Hend'k Hendrickson, 


2d Sergt. 








8 


8 


4 9 


Obadiah Smith, 


Corporal 








8 


71 


3 14 3 


Noah Smith, 


(( 


" " 




8 


1\ 


3 14 3 


Nicholas Lamberson, 


Drummer 






8 


n 


3 14 3 


Bernardus Rider, 


Fifer 






8 


7t 


3 14 3 


Samuel Higbie, 


Private 






8 


61 


3 7 6 


John Innes, 


" 






8 


61 


3 7 6 


Isaac Van Osdol, 


" 






8 


61 


3 7 6 


Aaron Hendrickson, 


" 






8 


61 


3 7 6 


Stephen Rider, 


.< << << 




8 


61 


3 7 6 


Nehemiah Ludlum, 


,< i " " 




8 


6t 


3 7 6 


Nehemiah Bailey, 


« i .-< << 


■*■ 


8 


6i 


3 7 6 


Wm. Stine, 


" 






8 


6t 


3 7 6 


Nicholas Lamberson, 


•' 






8 


6i 


3 7 6 


Cornelius Creed, 


" 






8 


6i 


3 7 6 


Sylvester Smith, 


" 






8 


6f 


3 7 6 


Thomas Brady, 


" 






8 


61 


3 7 6 


Mac Lean, 


« 






8 


6t 


3 7 6 


Patrick Gantley, d., 














John Bennet, 


" 






8 


61 


3 7 6 


Rem Remsen, 


" 






8 


61 


3 7 6 


John Bishop, 


" 






8 


61 


3 7 6 


Nicholas Wortman, 


" 








8 


61 


3 7 6 


John Smith, 


" 








8 


6§ 


3 7 6 


Stephen Higbie, d.. 
















Nehemiah Carpenter, 


" 




" 




8 


61 


3 7 6 


Henry Wiggins, 


" 




" 




8 


6t 


3 7 6 


Nehemiah Smith, 


" 




" 




8 


6} 


3 7 6 


John Bailey, 


" 




" 




8 


6i 


3 7 6 


Samuel Mills, d.. 
















Lawrence Stivers, 


" 




" 




8 


61 


3 7 6 


Nathaniel Bo.k, d.. 
















Peter Frederick, 


«' 




" 




8 


61 


3 7 6 


Hend'k Hendrickson, 


" 




" 




8 


61 


3 7 6 


Abm. Colder, 


" 




" 




8 


61 


3 7 6 



98 



RISK AND PROGRESS OF 



f e >{■= v\ 














V 3 . 




^^ 


^j 








J3T3- 








c 


Names. 


Rank. 




?.2 
o >. 

r-l a 

ft 


o 


a 


£ c 

bD O 
CO a 


o 

s 
< 






.July. 


Aufr. 






$ 


£ s. d. 






25 


31 










George Ennis, d., 
















Benj. Tanner, d., 
















Richard Belts, 


" 


" 


(( 


1 


8 


H 


3 7 6 


Charles Smith, 


" 


" 


(( 


1 


B 


6| 


3 7 6 


Nicholas Ludlum, d., 
















Abm. Ditmars, 


" 


" 


(( 


1 


8 


61 


3 7 6 



i;i49 2 10 



Rations due from July 25 to Aug. 18, 1776 

One captain, twenty-six days, three 
rations per day. 

Two lieutenants, twenty-six days, 
two rations per day. 

Thirty-five non-commissioned offi- 
cers and privates, twenty-six days. 



78 



104 



910 
1092 rations, at lOJd-, 



47 15 6 
i;i96 18 4 



A Pay Roll of Lt. Jno. Eoberfs Company of Militia, raised at Flush- 
ing, in Queens County, belonging to Col. Josiah Smith's JRegiment, 
stationed on Long Island, [at Far Eockaway, Aug. 9,] to protect 
the stock. The pay from the time of their enlistment to the 31st 
day of August, 1776, both days included. 



Names. 


Rank. 


d 


C 

-3 


5 


a 


t4 

SI 


Amount. 






July 


Aug. 






$ 


£ 


s. d. 


John Robert, 


1st Lieut. 


27 


31 




6 


8 


8 


12 91 


Isaac Hicks, 


2d " 








b 


8 


8 


12 9J 


Joseph Beesley, 
Lewis Cornwell, 


Serjt. 








b 

6 


8 
8 


3 
3 


16 9^ 
16 9i 


William Lowree, 


Corporal 








b 


Ih 3 


10 5 


John Smith, 


" 








6 


75- 3 


10 5 


James Doughty, 


Drummer 








b 


Ih ' 


13 


10 5 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 



99 







a 

a 














Names. 


Rank. 


Comme 
ing. 


c 

c 


•5 
a 
o 


>> 

ca 
Q 


Cu, S 




a 

3 

o 
S 
< 








Aug. 






$ 


£ 


s. d. 


Moses Fowler, 


Fifer 


July 27 


31 




6 


u 


3 


10 5 


Benj. Farrington, 


Private 


" 






6 


6t 


3 


4 


John Mills, 




" 






6 


6§ 


3 


4 


John Smith, 




" 






6 


61 


3 


4 


Matthew Farrington, 




Aug. 2 









G§ 


2 


13 4 


Stephen Wright, 




it 






U 


6i 


2 


13 4 


Thomas Flower, 




u 









6? 


2 


13 4 


Oliver Thome, 




Aug. 4 






28 


6^ 


2 


9 10 


William McDeane, 




'« 






28 


61 


2 


9 10 


John Hulsifer, 


" 


(( 






28 


61 


2 


9 10 


James White, 




(( 






28 


6§ 


2 


9 10 


Malcomb McAuley, 




i( 






28 


6i 


I 


1 4 


John Moore, 




Aug. 20 






12 


6§ 


3 


4 


Jarvis Dobbs, 




July 27. 






6 


6! 


3 


4 


Jacob Manney, 




" 






6 


6§ 


3 


4 


Thos. Talman, 




" 






6 


6! 


3 


4 


Jacob Huber, 




« 






6 


6s 


3 


4 


John Parker, 




" 






6 


6S 


3 


4 


Jacob Griffing, 




« 






6 


61 


3 


4 


Robert Wilson, 




" 






6 


61 


3 


4 


Daniel Hitchcock, 




" 






6 


61 


3 


4 


Robt. Belts, 




« 






6 


61 


3 


4 


George Miller, 




" 






6 


6i 


3 


4 



i;i02 



Rations due the above company: 

Two lieutenants, July 27 to Aug. 31, 
thirty-six days, two rations per day each, 144 

Twenty-seven non-commissioned offi- 
cers and privates, July 27 to Aug. 16, 
twenty-one days, at one ration per day, is 567 



711 at 10,id., 31 2 IJ 



X133 5 6 



104. On the Americans abandoning Long Island, the 
King's army moved from Bedford, leaving Heister with two 
brigades of Hessians on the Heights, one brigade of British 
at Bedford, and took five positions in the neighborhood of 
Newtown, Bushwick, Hell-Gate, and Flushing. 



100 RISE AND PROGRESS OF 

Gen. Robertson, while marching to the ferry, early on the 
morning after the retreat, August 30, was ordered to Hell-Gate 
to oppose Gen. Lee, reported to be landing there with an army. 
He came through Bedford and Cripplebush, the town spot of 
Newtown,* and so on to Hell-Gate,t but found no enemy there. 
He then took up his quarters at Wm. Lawrence's (now Whit- 
field's) for two weeks, and had 10,000 men encamped in tents 
on the hill and in Hal let's lot. 

* Newtown, L. 1., Aug. 31, 1776. Maj. Gen. Robertson, responsible 
for the actions of those he commands, takes upofl himself the responsibility 
of satisfying the people of the village for the depredations committed last 
evening by part of the 1st brigade, wlio came for water. He hopes for 
the future his troops will abstain from a crime which disgraces even vic- 
tory, and defeats the King's intention to protect and reclaim his American 
subjects. 

t Wm. Warne, from Long Island, reports to Congress that " Suffolk 
county sent three hundred wagons to transport Howe's baggage and 
cannon towards Newtown or Hell-Gate, and that Justice Kissam was 
administering oaths of allegiance." [The badge of loyalty was a red 
cockade, a red ribbon around the hat, (the longer it streamed down behind 
the more loyal,)or even a red flannel rag tucked under the hat- band. — £</.] 

105. The British opened a battery on a point of land on 
Long Island, opposite the east end of Blackwell's Island, 
which cannonaded our fort at Horn's Hook for several days, 
but to little purpose, we having two men killed and four 
wounded. The Americans returned the fire, and some of the 
shot fell on Wm. Lawrence's land. Gen. Johnson says : 

106. "The Rose passed through Buttermilk channel, Sept.l2, 
and anchored opposite Bushwick creek, near the shore. Next 
day a small breastwork was thrown up by the Americans at 
Brande MoJen, or Burnt Mill, on Stuyvesant's Point, opposite 
the ship. By 5 P. M., two heavy guns were mounted, from 
which nineteen shots were fired, eighteen of which hulled the 
frigate. The first ball alone failed: it struck the railing, killing 
a cow just delivered on board by Jacob Polhemus, who was 
himself on the deck. 

'' The frigate Y-eturned the fire, but her shot fell short of the 
Point. Night coming on, the firing ceased on both sides, and 



THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT. 101 

under cover of darkness, the frigate changed her position, and 
anchored between Blackwell's and Long Island, under pro- 
tection of an intervening point of land. 

"On the evening of the 13th, the Phenix and Dutchess of 
Gordon* passed up the channel to join the Rose, followed by a 
great number of flat-boats for the transportation of the troops. 
Next morning all three frigates anchored opposite Kip's Bay, 
near New- York shore, and opened a fire to cover the landing. 
At 8 A. M. their troops embarked ; as they passed the ships 
the firing ceased, and the troops landed without molestation."! 

* " Two British ships," says Lord Howe, " passed the fire of the 
American batteries at New- York, September 13, and waited off" Bush- 
wick creek, opposite Kip's Bay. Six transports went up the 14th, ap- 
pointed to take in a number of troops from Bushwick, for facilitating the 
more timely support of the 1st division embarked in flat-boats at Newtown 
creek." 

t Sept. 15. The 1st division, consisting of the light infantry, British 
reserve, Hessian grenadiers, and chasseurs, under Clinton, (having under 
him Cornwallis, Leslie, Vaughan, and Donop,) embarked at the head of 
Newtown creek, and landed at noon at Kip's Bay, under the fire of the 
British ships. 

107. After Robertson left, Gen. Clark and Heister were 
quartered three weeks at Wm. Lawrence's. Heister had 
his Hessians with him, and embarked, October 12, for Froo-'s 
Point, by way of Hell-Gate, with flat-bottomed boats and 
other craft. 

Wm. Lawrence was sick. The loyalists insisted he was 
playing sick, and had him examined by a Hessian surgeon, 
who exclaimed, referring to the false charge, "How much 
people lie in dis country ! " 

Howe had his quarters at the '• Big House," Rennie's, now 
Britanier's, where he wrote his account of the battle of Long 
Island. The side hill in the rear was covered with his tents. 
Vestiges of an encampment are yet visible. 

Lord Percy and Gen. Grant were also in camp at New- 
town, September 4. Clmton was quartered at N. Moore's, 
now S. Townsend's. 



PART 11. 



SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 



108. Newtown. Jona. Coe and Hezekiah Field, two light- 
horse, with regimentals on, returned to White Pot, August 
28. They had been driving off stock. Early next morn- 
ing, when starting to cross the Sound, they were seized by 
British light-horse from Jamaica. Lieut. Coe had thrown 
his epaulett in the bushes. They were carried to Flatbush 
jail, where Coe died of dysentery, having suffered much for 
want of food and necessary attendance. His body was re- 
fused his friends for burial. 

Richard Bragaw, Robert Moore, George Brinckerhoff, 
Abm. Devine, and Ludlum Haire, had been with Woodhull, 
driving off stock. After they left him, they were surprised at 
Hinchman's tavern, Jamaica. A British light-horse rode up, 
when Moore came out and received a sabre cut, which nearly 
severed his two fingers. The other four were taken to the 
prison ship, where they were urged to enlist ; but, by bribing a 
friend to government, were released. 

The Rev. Simon Horton escaped to Connecticut; D. Law- 
rence lived seven years at Milford; Major Remsen went to 
Rockland county ; Col. Remsen* remained in Jersey till Ja- 
nuary, 1777 ; Richard Lawrence was put in the sugar house. 
December 12, 1776, we find Col. Blackwell and Major Jona. 
Lawrence, members from Queens county, offering their at- 
tendance in the Convention, if desired, although the county is in 
possession of the enemy. Col. Blackwell returned to New- 
town, where he died, 1780. (See Lives of the Lawrences in 
Thompson, ii.) 

* Col. Remsen had served with credit in the old French War, and he 
and Dowe Ditmars, of Jamaica, were at the taking of Havana. 



SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 103 

109. Flushing. About 2 o'clock, on a fine sunny day, on 
the last of August, a company of light-horse galloped into 
the town spot of Flushing, and inquired at widow Blood- 
good's for her sons. On being told they had already fled, 
in the frenzy of disappointment, one of them seized a fire- 
brand and threatened to burn the house. He was at length 
prevailed on to desist. 

Thos. Thorne, a blacksmith and innkeeper (now Hover's) 
was seized, and ended his days on board the prison ship. 

James Burling, another committeeman, and John Vander- 
bilt, were also carried off, but came out of prison alive. 

Capt. Tom, (since Redwood's,) and most of the leading 
whigs, had left their homes, and sought safety across the 
Sound. Many, however, returned and took British protection. 
Tom was captain in a new raised regiment at Kingston, in 
April, 1777. Cornelius Van Wyck, member of Provincial 
Congress, was kept in the New Gaol till October 25, 1776. 

110. Soon after the defeat at Brooklyn, the 71st regiment 
of Highlanders were seen marching into Flushing, bringing 
with them fifty or sixty cattle from Kings county. These 
they drove half a mile east of the village in front of Valk's, 
when. some run among them, cutting their hamstrings, and as 
they dropped knocking them in the head with their hatchets ; 
then butchered them in the most wasteful manner, cutting 
out the best parts and leaving the rest — skin, horns, &c., on 
the ground; others got ready the cooking apparatus, the 
rails flew, and a fire was soon kindled under a row of camp 
kettles along the fence by the roadside.* 

* Before the battle of White Plains the 1st, 2d and 6th brigades passed 
through Flushing to White Stone, and October 12th crossed over to the 
Main. A part of these forces was lying at Jamaica, and the column, it 
is said, extended from Dr. Shelton's corner to Flushing village ; others 
came by way of the Fly from Newtown. The forces were so numerous 
as to occupy half a day in passing through Flushing. 

111. Jamaica. August 28, a detachment of the 17th Light 
Dragoons entered the village amid thunder, lightning, and 



104 SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 

a violent rain, in pursuit of Gen. Woodhull's party, who 
were driving off the stock. 

They stopped at Mrs. Cebra's, and inquired for Col. Ro- 
binson. The Colonel had gone off with Gen. Woodhull, but 
Robert Moore, of Newtown, (who had stopped in the house 
to keep the women company during the violent thunder 
shower,) came to the door. Mistaking him for the Colonel, 
they nearly cut off his hand with a sabre blow. On finding 
their prey had escaped, they hastened on eastward. 

Gen. Woodhull had been left at Jamaica with only ninety 
men. These he ordered to move on eastward, and expecting 
every moment an order from Congress at Harlem, he lin- 
gered at Jamaica till the latest moment — too late, alas ! He 
then slowly moved on and halted at Carpenter's inn, two 
miles east of Jamaica. It was in the afternoon, and he is 
supposed to have sought a shelter there from the rain. He 
had already sent off his only attendant. Col. Robinson, who 
went on to Huntington, crossed to Old Milford, and continued 
in Connecticut during the war. 

As the General came out of the house, took his horse 
from under the shed, and laid his hands on the reins, the 
-light-horse (guided, it is said, by one Smith, John Livinsgton's 
ostler) galloped up, their swords gleaming in the lightning's 
red glare. The first salutation was, "Surrender, you d — d 
rebel." The General delivered his sword. " Say God save 
the King," they cried. His only reply was, " God save all 
honest men." " God save the King," they again shouted, 
and showered their sabre blows on his devoted head, and 
arm as it was uplifted to ward off the strokes.* 

After they had sufficiently hacked their defenceless but 
undaunted prisoner, he was mounted, the blood streaming 
from his wounds, behind one of the troopers, who instantly 
hurried back to Jamaica, for fear of being intercepted. 
That night he was placed in Hinchman's tavern, (still stand- 
ing,) where Dr. Ogden and Minema, his pupil, were refused 



SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 105 

permission to dress his wounds. A British surgeon was 
called in. 

While in Hinchman's tavern, and suffering with pain, he 
sent for a Miss Cebra, and said to her, "Madam, 1 understand 
you are Mrs. Robinson's sister." Then drawing a silver 
spoon from his pocket, he said, " Take this, madam, and hand 
it back to Mrs. Robinson. She gave it to me some time ago 
when I was about to take the field, ' for,' she said, ' she sup- 
posed I might not always have conveniences for eating when 
in camp.' " 

His shirt sleeve, cut with seven gashes, and also his hat 
slashed in many places, were preserved by Miss Cebra, and 
remained in the General's family some years, till his man- 
sion was burnt. 

The next day he was taken westward and put on board 
an old vessel at New Utrecht, used for transporting live 
stock, where he had none of the conveniences his wretched 
condition required. He was next removed to the house of 
Wilhelmus Van Brunt, (still standing near the church at 
New Utrecht,) which was used as a hospital. 

His arm mortified, and it was decided to take it off. Pie 
thereupon sent express to his wife that he had no hopes of 
life, and requested her to gather up what provisions she 
could, (for he had a large farm,) and hasten to his bedside. 
She accordingly loaded a wagon with bread, crackers, hams, 
butter, and the like, and barely reached her husband in time 
to see him alive. With his dying breath he requested her 
to distribute the provisions she had brought among the suf- 
fering, starving American prisoners. His body was em- 
balmed by the British surgeons, and taken by his wife to 
Mastic, and interred on his farm about September 23. f 

* Wm.Warne, who left Long Island, September 5, reports to Congress 
that a light-horse told him he had taken Gen. Woodhuil in a barn in 
the dark, and before he would answer, when spoken to, the General had 
received a cut on the head and both arms. 



106 SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 

The Hartford Courant, September 9, '76, says : " WoodhuU refused 
to give up his sidearms, and was wounded on his head, and had a bayonet 
thrust through his arm." 

t The following inscription is taken from his tombstone. 
In Memory of 
Gen'l NATHANIEL WOODHULL, 
Who, wounded and a prisoner, Died on the 20th of September, 1776, 
In the 54th year of his age. 
Regretted by all who knew how to value his many private 
virtues, and that pure zeal for the rights of 
his country, to which he per- 
ished a victim. 

112. As there have been many different accounts of Gen. 
Woodhull's capture, we will here insert what may be termed 
his death-bed confession to a fellow prisoner. 

* * * Robert Troup says, " that while he was confined on board 
a transport. Brigadier General WoodhuU was also brought on board in a 
shocking mangled condition ; that he asked the General the particulars 
of his capture, and was told that he had been taken by a party of light- 
horse under command of Capt. Oliver Delancey ; that he was asked by 
said Captain if he would surrender ; that he answered in the affirmative, 
provided he would treat him like a gentleman, which Capt. Delancey as- 
sured him he would ; whereupon the General delivered his sword, and 
that immediately after the said Oliver Delancey, Jr., struck him i and 
others of his party, imitating his example, did cruelly cut and hack him 
in the manner he then was ; that although he was in such a mangled 
and horrid situation, he had nevertheless been obliged to sleep on the filthy 
deck or bare floor of said transport, had not a lieutenant lent him a mat- 
tress ; that Gen. WoodhuU' was afterwards carried to the hospital in the 
church of New Utrecht, where he perished, as the deponent was on good 
authority informed, through want of care and other necessaries." 
Sworn, January 17, 1777, before Gov. Morris. 

Troup was Lieutenant in Lieut. Col. Lasher's battalion of New- York 
militia, and was taken prisoner at 3 o'clock A. M., August 27. 

[A ballad on the death of WoodhuU, with introductory re- 
marks, may be found in the London Mirror for 1823, but is here 
omitted for its want of historic truth.] — Ed. 



SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 107 

113. The day after Woodhull's capture, Elias Baylis, 
chairman of tlie Jamaica committee, was walking over to 
Nathaniel Smith's, at the one mile Mill, to hearthe news, when 
he was arrested by a neighbor, who wished to do something to 
ingratiate himself with the British. 

When the venerable man, blind as he was, was brought 
before the British officer at Jamaica, he exclaimed, in sur- 
prise, " Why do you bring this man here? He's blind : he 
can do no harm." The unfeeling wretch who had informed 
against him, replied : " He's blind, but he can talk." 
Baylis did not attempt to conciliate the officer, but unfor- 
tunately dropped a few words in vindication of the American 
cause. This was enough. Fie was shut up in the Presby- 
terian church that night, and next day carried to the prison 
at New Utrecht.* He was subsequently removed to the 
Provost in New-York. 

Elias Baylis was an elder of the Presbyterian church, and 
stood high in the community for uprightness and ability. He 
had a sweet voice, and could sing whole psalms and hymns 
from memory: it will not be surprising then to find him beguil- 
ing his dreary imprisonment in singing, among others, the 142d 
Psalm : 

Lord, I am brought exceeding low. 

Now let thine ear attend, 
And make my foes, who vex me, know 

I've an Almighty Friend. 

From ray sad prison set mc free, 

Then shall I praise thy name ; 
And holy men shall join with mo 

Thy kindness to proclaim. 

The aged man was visited in prison by his wife and 
daughter. After a confinement of about two months, at the 
intercession of his friends, he was released, barely in time to 
breathe his last without a prison's walls. He died in crossing 
the ferry with his daughter, and his mortal remains now re- 
pose without a stone to mark the spot or commemorate his 
worth. 

The heartless wretch wlio arrested liim, fled on the return 
of peace to Nova Scotia, dreading the vengeance of his fellow- 



108 SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 

citizens ; but after a two years' exile, he ventured to return, | 
but looked so poor and forlorn that he was never molested. 

* Daniel Duryee, (afterwards Assemblyman,) Wm. Furman, Wm. 
Creed, and two others, were put in one pew in New Utrecht church. 
Baylis wanted them to get ihe Bible out of the pulpit and read to him. 
They feared to do it, but led the blind man to the pulpit steps. As he 
returned with it a British guard met him, beat him violently, and took 
away the book. They were three weeks at New Utrecht, and then 
marched down to the prison ship. 

114. As fast as the whigs were seized, they were put in the 
Presbyterian church till a sufficient number was collected to 
send under guard to the prison ship. It is said, that when 
these unfortunate prisoners, embracing, as they did, some of 
our worthiest and most aged citizens, were drawn up and 
ready to march, a crowd of spectators assembled to witness 
their departure, attracted, some by the novelty of the sight, 
some by sympathy, others gazing with a fiendish smile on 
the whigs in this their hour of retribution. One aged whig, 
named Smith, appealed to a loyalist to intercede for him. 
The cold reply was, "Ah, John, you've been a great rebel." 
Directly the old man's searching eye detected a more be- 
nevolent look in the face of another loyalist : " McEvers, 
this is hard for an old man like me to go to prison ; can't you 
do something for me '?" " What have you been doing, John ?" 
"Why, I've had opinions of my own." "Well, I'll see 
what I can do for you." McEvers then went to the officer, 
and made such a representation that Smith was immediately 
released.* — " Teach me to feel another's woe." 

* John Thurston was put in prison and had his health ruined. Abr. 
Ditmars, Robert Hinchman, David Lamberson, (and who can tell how 
many more ?) were carried off to prison. 

Rev. Abm. Keteltas crossed to the Main ; J. J. Skidmore went up the 
North River, and returned at the peace, his wife dying in the mean time. 
Increase Carpenter was commissary to the army. 

115. North Hempstead. It is not known when the British 
first came here ; but probably immediately after Washington 



SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 109 

left tlie Island, their light-horse hunted out the leading 
Whigs and impressed wagons.* 

* A. Onderdonk, Peter Dodge, (and who can tell how many more?) 
were impressed with teams and attended the army at Newtown, White 
Plains and Fort Washington. They returned home sick with camp fever, 
and were buried in December. Hendrick Onderdonk's wagon, driven 
by Cha's Hubbs, was taken to the Jerseys and recovered after 8 months' 
absence. It had served two six pounders at White Plains. Great num- 
bers of impressed teams were lost and never paid for. 

116. Eight light-horse surrounded the house of Col. Sands, 
but finding him not at home, went off quietly. Some pow- 
der and ball stored there had been sent off to the Main in 
the morning, as I. R. and W. H., with fixed bayonets, 
marched in the house to seize it in the afternoon. Colonel 
Sands had retreated with the army, and was now at New 
Rochelle.* He sent for his wife, who was to return the 
same afternoon, but was absent six weeks, no one daring to 
convey her back. R. M. at last landed her at the beach. 
She disguised herself at E. Hegeman's, and so reached home 
undetected. The Col. returned home at the instance of his 
wife to save his property from destruction, and was arrested 
and carried to Oyster Bay [to Gen. Delancey ?] He obtained 
a pardon from Howe Dec. 23, '76. Col. S. suffered much 
in common with the Whigs during the war, had his wood 
cut off, and his hay and cattle taken. 

B. Sands, Chairman of the Committee, and now member 
of Congress, not owning any land to be confiscated, retired 
to Nine Partners, where he staid during the war. 

* He was at Fishkill, Nov. 8, as appears by the following resolution 
of the Congress : 

JV'oD. 8. Resolved, That this committee will pay the wages and value 
of rations due such officers and men of Col. Smith's regiment as are not 
in the British lines; and that Col. Sands procure Muster Rolls of the 
men." (See 103.) 

117. On Saturday, Sept. 21, '"76, the day after the great fire 
in Nesv-York, a detachment of Col. Birch's 17th light dragoons 

6 



XIO SEIZURE OF WHiaS. 

visited Great Neck, Cow Neck, &c. In the afternoon they 
reached the house of Adrian Onderdonk, which they instantly 
surrounded, when an officer went in and searched every 
part, up and down stairs, thrusting his sword into every se- 
cret place. The object of their pursuit happened to be at 
home, and on being arrested, he asked the reason of it. The 
reply was, " Your neighbors complain of you." He then 
mounted his horse and rode off with the troopers ; perhaps 
in quest of other Whigs on Cow Neck. He was taken 
as far as Flushing, and shut up in the Friends' meet- 
ing house that night. The next day he was taken to New- 
York. 

On his arrival at the city, he, with other prisoners, was 
paraded through the streets to the Provost, with a gang of 
loose women marching before them, to add insult to suffer- 
ing.* 

After awhile the rigor of the prison rules was somewhat 
abated. He was allowed to write home (which he did in 
Dutch) for provisions, such as smoked beef, butter, &c. Un- 
fortunately they were not sent, as the neighbors amused his 
wife with the vain hope that her husband would be home in 
a short time, in a day or so. His friends procured a woman 
to do his washing, prepare food and convey it to him, (Sscf 

The horrors of imprisonment were aggravated by the 
uncalled for brutality of Capt. Cunningham, keeper of the 
Provost, who seems to have liung great numbers on his own 
responsibility without trial, as appears by his dying confes- 
sion when hung in London, August 10, 1791, for forgery.:}: 

One day as ho was walking through the rooms, followed 
by his constant attendant, a negro,§ with coils of rope on his 
neck, he asked A. O. what he was imprisoned for? "I've 
been a committee man." " Well," (with an oath and a deal 
of abuse) "you shall be hung to-morrow." 

After he had been confined nearly four weeks, his mind 
daily harassed with the dreadful forebodings of death, with- 



SEIZURE OF WHIGS. Ill 

out a hearing, whenever it might suit the whim of his cruel 
jailer, Elbert Hegeman, afterwards Judge, went to Col. 

and asked him " if he had any new complaint against 

A. O. ; for if he had not, he should avail himself of Howe's 
proclamation and get him released, as his family were suf- 
fering severely from sickness, two of his children having died 
in one day." The Col. replied : " For his suffering family he 
felt sorry ; but as for the d — d rebel, he did not care what be- 
came of him." He added, however, that he " had no fresh 
complaint." E. Hegeman, thereupon, went to New-York, 
called on Lambert Moore, (nephew of the prisoner and 
Comptroller of the Customs) to learn how to proceed. They 
first went to Sheriff Roberts, a friend of Hend'k O., who 
gave them a line to Gen. Robertson ; who thereupon issued 
an order for the liberation of the prisoner. They then re- 
paired to the Provost (now the Hall of Records). As they 
approached, the guards made way, and they entered the prison 
door. The prisoner at first did not recognize his deliverers. 
They soon made themselves known, and informed him that 
he might now take the benefit of the Proclamation and be 
restored to his family. Such tidings were too strange. He 
could not realize it. He was confused and bewildered. As 
his senses became collected, they conversed with him on his 
family affairs. He was brought home in a wagon by E. 
Hegeman in the night, pale, thin and feeble from bodily suf- 
ferings and mental anxiety. 

His shattered constitution never recovered its former 
strength. He told Col. , the first time he saw him af- 
ter his release, that his sufferings had deprived him of the 
hearing of one ear. " Then, d — n you, look out for the other, 
also," was the brutal reply. 

E. Hegeman also recovered from Michael Burns, of Searing 
Town, (who acted as informer and guide to the light-horse,) 
the young sorrel that A. O. rode to Brooklyn. He paid him a 
few dollars for his alledged expenses. '• Mind," 8ay.s Burns, " I 
do not sell the creature to you." 



112 SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 

A. O. had been Deputy Chairmanll of the Committee for 
Cow Neck, Great Neck, &c., and it became his duty to grant 
passes to those wishing to leave the county, and preside at 
meetings where resolutions, offensive to the Loyalists, were of- 
ten passed ; hence, though a mild and moderate man,T[ he na- 
turally from his position incurred their resentment. After the 
defeat at Brooklyn, he left his home and was concealed for two 
or three weeks at Jacob Vanderbelt's, Huntington. He then 
came in on the faith of the British Proclamation, and gave up 
to Sir Wm. Erskine, on Long Island ; in violation of which 
he was cast into prison. 

One Sunday before his imprisonment, as he was returning 
from Flower Hill, I. R., with Mike Burns and one Osborn, met 
him, used abusive language, and finally seized the reins of his 
bridle, and for lack of rope, said he had " a great mind to peel 
bark and hang him." 

While A. O. was yet in Provost, Capt. Stephen Thorne 
rode up to his house, and as he sat on his horse, said, in the 
course of conversation with A. O.'s wife, that " the Declaration 
of Independence was a wrong thing." She replied, (perhaps 
to conciliate his good will,) that "her husband did not approve 
of it either, and thought it was going too far; but as it was the 
will of the majority, he fell in with it."** 

During the armed occupation of Queens county, the Loyal- 
ists had frequent opportunities of insulting the Whigs. Im- 
mense quantities of cord-wood were carted to A. O.'s landing, 
(now C. Pearsall's.) The gates were often left open, and if 
his son, tired of driving out stray cattle, should request a carter to 
shut the gate, " Your father is not Chairman of the Committee 
now," would be the ready taunt. And if the father should venture 
a hke request, he would be greeted with " You d — d Dutch rebel, 
I'll go on board the man of war (meaning the guard ship in 
Cow Bay,) and complain of you for hindering me from carting 
the King's wood." 

* Col. Graydon says a like insult was offered the American prison- 
ers taken at Fort Washington. 

t Women often brought food for the prisoners in little baskets, which 
after examination, were handed in. Now and tiien, the guard might in- 



SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 113 

tereept what was sent, or Cunningham (if the humor took him) as he 
passed through the hall, might kick over vessels of soup placed there by 
the charitable for the poor and friendless prisoners. 

t" I was appointed provost marshal to the Royal army, which placed 
me in a situation to wreak my vengeance on the Americans. I shudder 
to think of the murders I have been accessory to, both with and without 
orders from government, especially while in New- York, during which 
time there were more than 2000 prisoners starved in the different 
churches, by stopping their rations, which I sold. There were aJso 275 
American prisoners and obnoxious persons executed ; out of all which 
number there were only about one dozen public executions, which chiefly 
consisted of British and Hessian deserters. The mode for private execu- 
tions was thus conducted : A guard was despatched from the Provost 
about half-past twelve at night, to the Barrack street, (now Chambers,) 
and the neighborhood of the upper barracks, to order the people to shut 
their window-shutters and put out their lights, forbidding them at the 
same time to presume to look out of their windows and doors, on pain 
of death ; after which the unfortunate prisoners were conducted gagged, 
just behind the upper barracks, and hung without ceremony, and there 
buried by the black pioneer of the Provost." — Dying Confession. 

^ One Guinea Reward. — Ran away, a black man, named Richmond, 
being the common hangman, formerly the property of the rebel Col. Pat- 
terson, of Pennsylvania. Aug. 4, 1781. 

WM. CUNNINGHAM. 

|[ Gov. Tryon said, " I should, were I in more authority, burn every 
committee-man's house within my reach, as I deem those agents the 
wicked instruments of the continued calamities of this country ; and in 
order sooner to purge the country of them, I am willing to give 25 silver 
dollars for every acting c-ommittee-man, who shall be delivered up to the 
King's troops." Nov. 23, 1777. 

IT Benj. Sands, Chairman of the Committee, was for going ahead. He 
was especially severe on the New-Yorkers who moved into the district. 
(See 43.) When A. O. recommended gentler measures, he replied," Then 
you think we ought to do nothing, eh V 

**"The Declaration of Independence," says Graydon,"was not re- 
ceived with the enthusiasm since supposed. Many who had supported 
the Whig cause fell back." 

118. Major Thome, of Great Neck, was taken by Col. 
Birch, Sept. 27, 1776, at his house, and carried to Flushing 



114 SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 

meeting house ; on the 28th, carried to Newtown meeting 
house ; and on the 29th to New-York, and put in the new City 
Hall, (site of the Custom House,) and kept there till Nov. 12, 
when, at the repeated solicitations of his wife. Col. Ludlow 
became surety for his conduct, and he was set free. 

Col. Birch also took from Major Thome 7 cows, worth £49, 
2 three year old steers, worth £14, 1 heifer worth £5, 15 sheep 
worth £9 ; total, £77. 

Major Thorne had marched to Brooklyn with the militia, 
and stood guard all night at Fort Oblong, when he was attacked 
with the dysentery. He returned home on furlough Aug. 25. 
After the defeat at Brooklyn he fled the county, crossed the 
Sound at Huntington, and went to Fishkill, where the Congress 
was in session. Dr. Latham attended him and was with him 
at Fishkill, Sept. 7. Soon after this the Major ventured to re- 
turn home, and was arrested in violation of the Proclamation. 

119. The Oyster Bay committee were in session at Dan'l 
Cock's, Matinecock, when news was brought of our defeat 
at Brooklyn. They at once broke up and hastened home, 
there to await their fate, except Joost Monfort and Isaac Bo- 
gart, who took leave of their families, mounted horses and 
rode off" to Huntington Ferry, where they crossed the same 
night in company with Maj. Thorne and others, and pro- 
ceeded • to Fishkill. Joost Monfort, after a kvf months 
absence, ventured home in the night, and before day hurried 
off" to Gen. Robertson, at New-York, to give up before his 
loyal neighbors should molest him. They got wind of it, 
however, and Esq. A. V W hastened to New- 
York to prevent his getting a pardon. He was so abusive 
when he found he could not succeed, that Robertson ordered 
him out of his office and gave Monfort a certificate. 

120. The Kings county light-horse were now driving 
cattle from Hog Island, but on hearing of the defeat at 
Brooklyn, they left the cattle at Matinecock and crossed the 
sound at Huntington, Aug. 29, leaving their horses to come 
by the next boat. But the Huntington committee detained 



SEIZURE (5f WHIGS. 115 

the horses for the defence of the island, so that the riders 
went without them to Fishkill, where the Convention sat. 

121. A British sergeant and three light-horse came to 
Cedar Swamp in September, and continued there some time, 
hunting Whigs and impressing wagons.* 

* Sept. 7, 1776. One Harrison, from Long Island, reports to Con- 
gress that " the ministerial troops have been to Oyster Bay and Hemp- 
stead. That the disaffected have joined the enemy and proceeded as far 

as Setauket ; that Wm. Smith, of , administers oaths of allegiance, 

and Tho's Smith, of Hog Island, receives submissions." 

122. A week after the Kings county horse had driven the 
cattle off Hog Island to Matinecock, a detachment of the 
17th light dragoons appeared at Norwich and apprehended 
George Townsend, chairman of the Queens county commit- 
tee, and John Kirk, also a committee-man. Townsend was 
not at home the first time his house was visited, but had fled 
to Huntington, whence he unfortunately returned. Kirk 
was in his corn-field stouting top-stalks. When warned of 
the approach of the enemy and advised to flee, he refused, 
saying he was ready for his fate now, for should he escape 
this time, he could have no peace till they seized him. He 
also had faint hopes from the proclamation of Howe, promis- 
ing pardon to all who would quietly remain at home. They 
conducted the two committee-men on horseback to the 
house of Samuel Townsend, member of the Provincial Con- 
gress. They found him seated on his stoop, and informed 
him of their business. A crowd soon gathered around, 
attracted by the novel sight of British light-horse and sym- 
pathy for their fellow-citizens. The officers were most hos- 
pitably entertained, and such appliances used that on one 
Buchanan's promising he should be forthcoming at New- 
York whenever summoned, he was allowed to go at large. 

Far different was the fate of the other two. George 
Townsend having been chairman of the committee, and 
withal a bold, blunt, talented man, had exasperated his loyal 



116 



SEIZURE OF WHIGS. 



neighbors past endurance, and could find no intercessor in 
his hour of peril. And when an old acquaintance, John 
Townsend, at the mill, was importuned to say a kind word 
for Kirk, he coolly replied, " He has got into this scrape him- 
self; let him help himself out as best he can." 

" Blest is the man whose softening heart 

Feels all another's pain ; 
To whom the supplicating eye 

Was never raised in vain." 

This same Townsend was forced to leave his property at 
the peace, and go in exile to England, where he died. 

The troopers, on their return to Norwich, were met by 
Kirk's wife and daughter, (my informant,) who had gath- 
cred up some clothing and other articles, to render the hard- 
ships of prison more tolerable. To soothe their anguish, the 
women were told the prisoners would soon be released. That 
night they were shut up in the meeting house at Flushing, 
and next day taken to the Provost, where they were thrown 
among the offscouring of the earth. After repeated remon- 
strances, they were separated from this vile herd. Penelope 
Hull, a Quakeress, offered to carry them food twice a day. 
Their washing was done at home. After nine weeks' im- 
prisonment, two English Quakers, Jacob Watson and Robt. 
Murray, procured their release, and became security for 
their good behavior. That evening, as the family of Kirk 
was seated quietly by the fireside, they heard a knocking at 
the door. " There's the soldiers again," exclaimed the 
affrighted mother. She was mistaken. It was George 
Townsend's voice. " Why don't you come and help your 
father out of the chaise ?" He was sick of the small pox, 
caught in the Provost ; and his return home, instead of 
diffusing joy and peace, spread consternation and death I 
The husband, indeed, recovered, but the wife and her infant 
daughter went down to the grave. 



PART III. 

PETITION AND REPRESENTATION OF QUEENS COUNTY. 

123. The King being now in possession of Queens countyj 
and his soldiers scattered over it, the leading Whigs having 
been thrown in prison, and the property of those who fled 
seized by the enemy, the remainder were constrained to join 
the Loyalists in petitioning the King's Commissioners that 
Queen's county might be restored to Royal favor. 

To the Right Honorable RICHARD, LORD VISCOUNT 
HOWE, of the Kingdom of Ireland, and to his Excellency, 
the Hon. WM. HOWE, Esquire, General of His Majes- 
ty^s forces in America, the King's Commissioners for re- 
storing -peace to his Majesty's Colonies in North America : 
The humble Representation and Petition of the Freeholders 
and Inhabitants of Queens County, on the Island of Nas- 
sau, in the Province of New-York : 

Your Excellencies having, by your Declaration of July last, 
opened to us the pleasing prospect of returning peace and se- 
curity, long banished by the many calamities surrounding us, 
we entertained the most sanguine expectations that the Colo- 
nies would at length have submitted to their duty and ac- 
knowledged >a constitutional authority they had f?o wantonly 
opposed. 

When we compaied the dismal situation of the country suf- 
fering under all the evils attending the most convulsive state, 
with the mild and happy government it had before experienced, 
we saw no ground for hesitation ; from happiness we had fallen 
into misery ; from freedom to oppression ! We severely felt 
the change and lamented our condition ; unfortunately for us, 

6* 



118 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 



these hopes were blasted by the infatuated conduct of the Con- 
gress : Your Excellencies nevertheless having been pleased by 
a subsequent Declaration, again to hold up the most benevo- 
lent offers, and to repeat his Majesty's gracious intentions to- 
wards the obedient : 

Permit us, his Majesty's loyal and well-affected subjects, 
the Freeholders and Inhabitants of Q,ueens county, humbly to 
represent to your Excellencies, that we bear true allegiance to 
His Majesty, GEORGE the Third, and are sincerely attached 
to his sacred person, crown and dignity ; that we consider the 
union of these colonies with the parent state essential to their well 
being ; and our earnest desire is that the constitutional author- 
ity of Great Britain over them, may be preserved to the latest 
ages. 

And we humbly pray, that your Excellencies would be 
pleased to declare this county at the peace of His Majesty, 
and thereby enable us to receive the benefits flowing from his 
most gracious protection. 

Q,ueens county, 21st October, 1776. 



John Morrell, 
Thomas Hallet, 
Charles Willet, 
Geo. Nostrand, 
Enoch Martin, 
Jona. Rowland, 
John Embree, 
Benj. Arisson, 
Ab'm Lawrence, 
Hallet Wright, 
Jos. Wright, 
Philip Field, 
John Fowler, 
Thomas Blockley, 
John Marston, 
Oliver Thome, 
Wm. Lowere, 
Wm. Arisson, 
Gilbert Field, 
Joseph Haviland, Jr. 
Wm. Reid, 



Elbert Hoogland, 
David Roe, Constable, 
Jos. Griffen, 
John Smith, 
Sam'l Smith, 
Sam'l Fish, 
Francis Marston, 
Thos. Bennen, 
Benj. Farrington, 
Tho's Woodward, 
Leonard Lawrence, 
Matthew Redett, 
Baltus Van Kleeck, 
Theophilus Wright, 
Gilbert Colden Willet, 
Isaac Underbill, 
Edward Willet, 
Peter Underbill, 
Garret Van Wicklen, 
Dan'l Young, 
Wm. Butler, 



Jacob Weeks, Jr. 
Zeb'n Wright, 
Simeon Walters, ■ 
Joseph Latham, 
Sam'l Burr, 
Henry Dickenson, 
March McEwen, 
Darius Allen, 
Israel Oakley, 
Tho's Smith, Jr. 
Isaac Carpenter, 
Richard Weeks, 
Rob't Wilson, 
Zeb'n Doty, 
Dan'l Hendrickson, 
John Bennet, 
Jeromus Leister, 
Refine Weeks, 
Ab'm Van Wyck, 
Benj. Cheshire, 
James Voorhies, 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 



119 



Cornelius Suydam, 
Charles Justus, 
Gabriel Cock, 
Solomon Wooden, 
John Remsen, 
Isaac Keen, 
John Williams, 
Ab'm Snedeker, 
Richard Jackson, 
Geo. Bayley, 
Tho's Jackson, 
Nichol. Van Cott, 
Ab'm Allen, 
Dan'l Allen, 
Hend'k Hardenberg, 
Barnt Snedeker, 
John Ue Vedito, 
Garret Wortman, 
Dan'l Van Nostrand, 
Rich'd Hewlett, 
Benajah Bedle, 
Francis Davenport, 
Michael Demott, 
Eliafe Burtis, 
Edward Allison, 
Charles Gornweli, 
Sam'l Jackson, 
John Legross, 
Rich'd Gildersleeve, 
Wm. Gritman, 
John Hall, 
Tho's Williams, 
Tho's Jackson, 
Lorance Fish, 
Geo. Smith, 
Jo's Birdsall, 
Nathan Skidmore, 
Israel Seaman, 
Jacob Jackson, 
Sam'l Carman, 
Joshua Tettil, 



John Mcintosh, 
John Hewlett, 
Stephen Wood, 
Geo. Watts, 
Isaac Denton, 
Rich'd Green, 
Joseph Bedel, 
Jonah Valentine, 
Christian Snedeker, 
Wm. Langdon, 
Ja's Searing, 
Wm. Pearsall, 
Jos. Cadles,: 
Jas. Cornwell, 
Ephraim Ludlow, 
Cornel Smith, 
Wm. Langdon, 
Amos Smith, 
Jr. Rich'd Mott, 
Corn's Bogert, 
Tunis Covert, 
Jacob Mott, Jr. 
John Sands, 
Micajah Townsend, 
Joseph Hegeman, 
Jesse Weekes, 
Sam'l Weekes, 
Jos. Thorney Craft, 
Tim'y Townsend, 
Jotham Townsend, 
W. Townsend, 
Ja's Craft, 
Cha's Thorn, 
Tho's Kipp, 
John Weekes, 
Dan'l Rapalje, Sr. 
Jacobus Ricker, 
Ab'm Berrien, 
Garret Luyster, 
Benj. Field, 
John Lawrence, 



Ab'm Polhemus, 
Nath'l Hunt, 
Ab'm Brinckerhcff, 
John Leverich, 
Rem P. Remsen, 
John Burroughs, 
Jacob Palmer, 
John Gorsline, 
Robert T. Collins, 
John Parsall, 
Jacob Bennett, 
Ab'm Divine, 
Jores Brinckerhoff, 
Peter Smith, Jr. 
Plat Smith, 
Waters Lambertson, 
Nath'l Woodruff, 
Dan'l Ludlam, 
Simeon Lugrin, 
Nath'l Higbee, 
Nath'l Smith, 
Rich'd Roads, 
John Losee, 
John Van Nostrandt, 
Peter Smith, Sr. 
John Remsen, 
Tho's Wiggins, 
Michael Flowers, 
Sam'l Thome, 
Gilbert Cornell, 
Edward Hicks, 
Tho's Hicks, 
John Mitchell, Jr. 
Oba'h Cornwell, 
Corn's Cornwell, 
Augustine Mitchell, 
Sam'l Hutchings, 
John Burtis, 
John Woolley, 
Wm. Milbourn, 
Geo. Rapalje, 



1-20 



PETITION AND REPHESENTATION, 



Henry Hauxhurst, 
Benj. Hicks, 
Newbury Davenport, 
Joseph Kissam, 
David Allen, 
Tho's Lewis, 
John Carle, 
Michael Rogers, 
Sam'l Titus, 
John Rodman, 
Jacob Suydam, 
Peter Albuitus, 
Benj. Field,. 
Geo. Hicks, 
Oliver Waters, 
Wm. Burns, 
Oliver Talman, 
John Searing,- 
Wm. Waters, 
Hend'k Eldert, 
Wm. Talman, 
Tho's Fowler, 
Jacob Griffin, 
John Van Liew, 
Rob't MorrelU 
Caleb Valentine, 
Nehemiah Coe, 
Geo. Rapalje, Jr. 
Ja's Morrell, 
Ab'm J. Rapalje^ 
Stephen Moore, 
John Rapalje, 
Bern's Rapalje, 
Jesse Fishj 
Dan'l Norstrandt, 
Christopher Remsen, 
Alex'r McMullen^ 
Rich'd Gardiner, 
Wm. Steed, 
Silas Lawrence, 
Nich'9 Wickoff, 



Jacobus Collier, 
Ab'm Frobasco, 
Tho's Youngs, 
Charles Hicks, 
Peter H. Waters, 
Ezekiel Roe, 
John Morrell, 
Wm. Prince, 
James Field, 
Sam'l Thome, 
Christo'r Robert, 
Jacob Suydam, 
Benj. Thome, Jr. 
Jos. Thome, 
Sam'l Smith, Jr. 
Wm. Lawrence, Jr. 
David Fowler, 
Dan'l Clement, 
John Monfort, 
Dan'l Hitchcock, 
Pepperell Bloodgood, 
Caleb Lawrence, 
John Thome, 
Tho's Foster, 
James Areson, 
Darby Doyel, 
Issachar Polock, 
Benj. Thome, 
V. Hicks, 
John Talman, 
Steph. Lawrence, 
Somerset Lawrence, 
Rob't Lawrence, 
Sam'l Wright, 
Oliver Cornell, 
Joseph Beesley, 
Henry Lowere, 
Rich'd Loudon, 
Daniel Townsend, 
Jacob Van Wicklen, 
Francis Conihane, 



David Chado)mey 
Wm. Walters, 
Anthony Wright, 
Ab'm Remsen, 
Jos. Carpenter, 
Joseph Cooper, 
Tho's Cheshire, 
Dan'l Weekes, Jr. 
Francis Blackburn,. 
Rob't Allen, 
Zophar Hawkins, 
Jacob Smith, 
Rob't Colwell, 
John Carpenter, 
Corn's Hoogland, 
John Remsen, 
Ab'm Weekes, 
Nath'l Weekes, 
Tunis Hoogland, 
Peter Liester, 
W. Braambos 
Jacob Weekes, 
Anthony Van Nostrandt, 
Peter Liester, Jr. 
Farnandus Suydam, 
Jacob Dillingham, 
Dan'l Dodge, 
John Weekes, 
Wm. Cheshire, 
Daniel Latten, 
John Carpenter, 
Jos. Cooper, Jr. 
Isaac Whipps, 
Michael Weekes, 
Sam'l Robbins, 
Simeon Hauxhurst, 
Townsend Weekes, 
Tho's Place, 
Jacobus Suydam, 
Rem Hardenberg, 
Geo. Weekes, 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 



121 



Dan'l Weekes, 
Edmond Weekes, 
John Van Noorstrandt, 
W. Snedeker, 
S. Clowes, 
W. Pool, 

Sam'l H. Davenport, 
W. Hewlett, 
Ambrose Seaman, 
Jona. Gildersleeve, 
Benj. Smith, R. 
Isaac Jackson, 
John Dorian, 
Tho's Tredwell, 
Jona. Cornelius, 
Jo's Smith, 
Silas Smith, 
John Fetherbe, 
Benj. Barker, 
W. Ferribe, 
Noah Seamors, 
Rich'd Jackson, 
Tunis Covert, 
Ja's Pettit, 
Oliver Willis, 
Geo. Weekes, 
Staph. Hewlett, 
Geo. Watts, Jr. 
Reuben Pine, 
Sylvester Bedle, 
Mourris Simonson, 
Tho's Hicks, 
Samuel Pettet, 
Jacob Dcxsee, 
Steph. Comwell, Jr. 
Timothy Clowes, 
Ja's Smith, 
Geo. Baldwin, 
David Jackson, 
Sam'l Smith, 
Gilbert Van Wyck, 



Freeman Please, 
Isaac Covert, 
Jordan Lawrence, 
David Laton, 
Ja's Pine, 
W. Frost, 
Benj Latting, Jr. 
Tillot Colwell, 
Geo. Downing, 
Geo. Bayles, 
John Tilley, 
Jacob Valentine, 
Jacob Carpenter, 
Ant. Weekes, 
Annanias Downing, 
John Schenck, 
Wm. Weyman, 
Jos. Moore, 
W. Leverich, 
John Curtis, 
John Debevois, 
Abra. Polhemus, Jr. 
Jos. Gorsline, 
Jacob Hallet, Jr. 
John Morrell, 
Jos. Burroughs, 
John Ketcham, Jr. 
Rich'd Rapalje, 
Jarel Curtis, 
Abra. Rapalje, 
Wm. Bennet, 
Sam'l Renne, 
Isaac Brinckerhoff, 
Wm. Creed, Jr. 
David Lamberson, 
Isaac Ambeman, 
John Smith, 
John Skidmore, 
Dan'l Bailey, 
Peter Nostrandt, 
Walter Smith, 



Nath'l Smith, 
Wm. Hendrickson, 
Isaac Mills, 
Whithead Skidmore, 
J. D. Peyster, 
Cha's Smith, 
Wm. Valentine, 
Tho's Ireland, 
Gregory Rete, 
Martin Schenck, Jr. 
Peter Monfort, 
John Clement, 
Henry Stocker, 
John Woolley, Jr. 
Andries Hegeman, 
Tho's Smith, 
Dan'l Ireland, 
W. Smith, Cow Neck, 
John Cornwall, 
Sam'l Alline, 
John Toffe, 
Benj. Smith, 
Geo. Hallet, 
Ja's Lewis, 
W. Willis, 
Mordecai Willis, 
Jos. Skidmore, Sr. 
Lewis Davenport, 
Ja's Langdon, 
Aaron Van Nostrandt, 
Abm. Van Noorstrandt' 
Dan'l Rapalje, 
Rulef Duryee, 
Obadiah Mills, 
Jeremiah Remsen, 
Rob't Doughty, 
Jo's Lawrence, 
Simon Simonson, 
Amos Mills, 
Teunis Covert, Jr. 
John Voorhies, 



122 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 



Stephen Lott, 
Derrick Bergen, 
Isaac Pettit, 
Ja'3 Marr, 
Jona. Furman, 
Sam'l Tredwell, 
Rob't Dixon, 
Cha's Cornell, 
Nath'l Wright, 
Sam'l Wright, 
Dominicus Van Dine, 
Arus V. Dine, 
Stephen Voris, 
Simon Voris, 
John Suydam, 
Rem Remsen, 
W. Monfort, - • 

Simon Lambertson, 
Tho's Van Wyck, 
Wright Thorney Craft. 
David Valentine, 
Jordan Coles, 
Mordecai Beedle, 
John Henderson, 
Steph. Lawrence, Jr. 
Nich's Ludlam, 
W. Hopkins, Jr. 
Ambrose Fish, 
Tho's Lawson, 
Jacob Bergen, 
Lawrence Marston, 
Noah Smith, 
Nich. Smith, 
Dan'l Whitehead, 
Benj. Everitt, 
Douw V. Dine, 
Isaac Ditmars, 
Garret Ditmars, 
Aury Boerum, 
John Remsen, 
Douw Ditmars, 



John Ditmars, 
Jacob Remsen, 
Nich's Jones, 
Johannes H. Lott, 
Clark Cock, 
Rem Remsen, 
Henry Higbie, 
Hend'k Emans, Jr. 
Jona. Fish, 
John Talman, Jr. 
Thos. Furman, ' 
John Carpenter, 
Sam'l Clement, 
Sam'l Mott Cornell, 
Johannes Bergen, 
Peter Ryerson, 
Thos. Fowler, 
Henry Townsend, Jr. 
J. V. Wicklen, 
Tristam Dodge, 
Jac. Rhinelander, 
Levi Weekes, 
Caleb Underhill, 
Dan. Weekes, 
Cha. Burnett, 
Richard Weekes, 
Robert Hall, 
John Robbins, Sr. 
Baruch Allen, 
Dan'l Terry, 
Isaac Smith, 
Arnold Fleet, 
Wm. Hoogland, 
Dan'l Duryee, 
Jas. Vanscot, 
John Bennet, Sr. 
John Weekes, Jr. 
Jeremiah Cheshire, 
Dan'l Birdsall, 
Jacob Duryee, 
Garret Monfort, 



George Duryee, 
Edmund Lindsay, 
Absalom Wooden, 
John Butler, Jr. 
Josias Latten, 
Amaziah Wheeler, 
Jo. Wortman, 
Joshua Hammond, 
Melancthon Thome, 
Abra. Seaman, 
Sam. Townsend, 
Penn Cock, 
Dan. Vanvelred, 
John Allen, 
Robt. Jackson. 
Barnt Snedeker, 
Isaac Robbins, 
Jeromus Bennet, Sr. 
Garret Noorstrandt, Jr. 
Benj. Lester, 
Rich. Langdon, 
Ja's Smith, 
Luke Cummins, 
Benj. Dorlon, 
Henry Miller, 
Corn. Van Noorstrandt, 
John Birdsall, 
Increase Pettit, 
John Van Noorstrandt, 
Thos. Fetherbe, 
Dan'l Smith, Jr. 
Sam. Birdsall, 
Sa. Jackson, the 3d. 
Stephen Calas, 
Sam'l Spragg, 
John Verety, 
Abra. Baldin, 
Amos Powell, 
Micah Williams, 
John Smith, 
Steph. Powell, 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 



183 



Thos. Dorlon, 
Benj. Smith,. Tr. 
Seaman Watts, 
J. Baker, 
Sam. Carman, 
P. Pettett, 
Jo. Lefferts, 
Tho. Clowes, 
Elijah Spragg, 
John Townsend, 
Rich. Townsend, 
Ben. Borland, 
S. Stringham, 
Ste. Baldin, 
Rich'd Bruer, 
Israel Smith, 
Fred'k Nostrandt, 
Jackson Mott, 
Coles Carpenter, 
Nath'l Coles, 
Thos. Underhill, 
Benj. Latting, 
John Jackson, Jr. 
Thos. Kirby, 
Jos. Wood, 
Thos. Frost, 
Thos. Hopkins, 
John Jackson, 
Steph. Thorn, 
Ja's Bennett, 
Peter Sniffen, 
Dan'l Lawrence, 
John Moore, 
Jacob Moore, 
Wm. Sackett, 
John J. Waters, 
John Bragaw, 
Cha's Debevois, 
John Kearns, 
David Van Wickel, 
Peter Bragaw, 



Abm. Brinckerhoff, Jr. 
Robt. Field, 
John VanAuIst, 
Howard Furman, 
Thomas North, 
John Fish, 
Joseph Morrell, 
Cornelius Rapalje, 
John Williamson, 
W. Van Wyck, 
Isaac Amberman, Jr. 
Jacob Ogden, 
John Skid more, 
John Smith, 
Abm. Colyer, 
Nich. Everitt, 
Isaac Rhoads, 
John Brush, 
Sam'l Messenger, 
Nath'l Mills, 



John Marvin, 
Rich'd Townsend, Jr. 
Rich'd Townsend, 
John Golding, 
John Smith, 
Dan'l Wyllis, 
Elbert Brinckerhoff, 
Teunis Bergen, 
Robt. Mitchell, 
Jacob Nostrandt, 
Edward Burling, 
Teunis Brinckerhoff, 
Isaac Bragaw, 
Sam'l Seaman, 
Geo. Brinckerhoff, 
Teunis Brinckerhoff, 
Cha's Hicks, Jr. 
Walter Skidmore, 
Tho's Valentine, 
Reuliff Voorhees, 



Barnardus Hendrickson.Nath'l Provoost, 



Will. Colder, 
John Rice, 
Sam'l Smith, 
John Kissam, 
Daniel Kissam, 3d, 
.Tohn Searing, 
Wilson Williams, 
Tho's Thome, Jr. 
John Tredwell, 
John Searing, 
Elbert Hegeman, Jr. 
Adam Mott, Sr. 
Simon Sands, 
John Smith, 
W. Cornwell, 
Jas. Hewlett, 
John Mitchell, Jr. 
Sam'l Wooley, 
Benj.Cheesman, 
Philip Valentine, 



Jacob Field, 
David Hallet, 
John Williams, 
Sam'l Carman, 
Silas Carman, 
Rich'd Lowdon, 
John Snedeker, 
Luke Eldert, 
John Waters, 
Sam'l Skidmore, Jr. 
Jaques Johnson, 
Corn. Bennett, 
Albert Snedeker, 
Sam'l Skidmore, 
Nicholas Van Dyck, 
Philip Allen, 
Henry Allen, 
John Allen, 
Steph. Van Wyck, 
Chas. Hicks, 



124 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 



Nehemiah Carpenter, 
George Cornwell, 
John Cock, 
Rich'dLattin, 
John Bremner, 
Jos. Place, cordwainer. 
Luke Bergen, 
Sam'l Thorne, 
Geo. Thorne, 
John Roe, 
Jacob Gorsling, 
Thomas Loweree, 
Sam'l Moore, Sr. 
Isaac Lawrence, 
Jacobus Lint, 
Abm. Lint, 
Dan'l Lint, 
Thos. Lawrence, 
Sam'l Cornell, 
Benj. Everitt, 
John Burtis, 
Hendr'k Suydam, 
Corn. Ryerson, 
Isaac Lefferts, 
Wm Glean, 
Martin Rapalje, 
Jacob Carpenter, 
Joshua Carpenter, 
Da. Field, 
Whit. Field, 
Joha. Snedeker, 
W. Creed, Sr. 
Robert Coe,Jr. 
Sam'l Fosdick, 
Abm. Van Wicklen, 
Nicholas Weekes, 
Johannes Covert, 
Geo. Wright, 
Absalom Townsend, 
Geo. Youngs, 
Thos. Fleet, 



W. McCoun, 
John Robbins, 
Jacob Robbins, 
Jacob Van Noorstrandt 
Micha Weekes, 
Elias Chadoyne, 
Corn. Hoogland, Jr. 
John Doty, 
Corn. Vanscott, 
Nich. Bennet, 
W. Bennet, 
Dan'l Burr, 
Somick Birdsall, 
Sam'l Weeks, 
Peter Nostrandt, 
John Hewlett, Sr. 
Joost Duryea, 
Henry Powell, 
John Amberman, 
Henry Ludlam, Jr. 
Isaac Weekes, 
John Schenck, 
David Tilley, 
Robert Townsend, 
Daniel Youngs, Jr. 
John Hauxhurst, 
Jona. Gorham, 
Charles Gulliver, 
Henry Townsend, 
Minne Van Sicklen, 
Isaac Seaman, 
Robert Jackson, Jr. 
Ja's Townsend, Dr. 
Wm. Crystall, 
Garret Noorstrandt, 
John Baker, 
Gorce Snedeker, 
Sylvanus Bedell, 
W. Welling, 
Rich'd Smith, 
Jas, Hanrahan, 



David Sammis, 
Annanias Southard, 
Jona. Pratt, 
,Jas. Birdsall, 
W-iPettit, 
Sam'l Dorlon, 
Dan'l Smith, 
Sam'l Jackson, 
Rich'd Smith, 
Sam'l Green, 
Rich'd Pine, 
Isaac Smith, 
Peter Jones, 
Garret Golder, 
John Mott, 
W. Thurston, 
Peter Lowge, 
Leffert Haugewort, 
Zeb. Smith, 
Thos. Seaman, 
W. Smith, Jr. 
Sam'l Nichols, 
Timothy Rhoads, 
Gerardus Clowes, 
Benj. Wiggins, 
Thos. Wiggins, 
Sam'l Abrams, 
Joseph Pettit, Jr. 
Benj. Dorland, Jr. 
Pelham Sands, 
Carman Burtis, 
Carman Rushmore, 
Sam'l Shaw, 
David Bedell, 
Noah Combs, 
John Demott, 
Dan'l Cock, Jr. 
Townsend Dickenson, 
Rem Hegeman, 
Dan'l Coles, 
Jeromus Bennett, 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 



125 



John Probasco, 
Michael Mudge, 
Solomon Craft, 
Cha's Frost, 
W. Coles, 
Thorn. Goldin, 
Benj. Coles, 
Geo. Downing, 
Clarke Lawrence, 
John Moore, Jr. 
Ja's Moore, 
Tho's Morrell, 
Jeromus Remsen, 
Thos. Betts, 
Geo. Debevois, 
Edward Ortus, 
Thos. Hunt, 
W. Furman, 
John Pettit, 
John Van Alst, Jr. 
Gabriel Furman, 
Geo. Sands, 
John Greenoak, 
John Gracnoak, Jr. 
Geo. Rapalje, 
John Martin, 
Martin Johnson, 
John Amberman, 
Thos. Hinchman, 
Amos Denton, 
Obadiah Hinchman, 
John Hinchman, 
Sam'l Higbie, 
Dan'l Eyeritt, 
Lambert Moore, 
Dan'l Smith, 
Sam'l Mills, 
Aaron Hendrickson, 
Garret Noostrandt, 
Thos. Martin, 
Nath'l Mills, 



Nath'l Denton, 
Benj. Ackerly, 
Jos. Hewlett, 
John Thomas, 
Thos. Pearsall. 
Joseph Thorne, 
Thos. Hollowed, 
Henry Sands, 
Adrian Onderdonck, 
John Whaley, 
John Morrel, 
Israel Baxter, 
Philip Wooley, 
Jos. Clement, Jr. 
Rich'd Place, 
Sam'l Way, 
Martin Schenck, 
Peter Losee, 
Jona. Searing, 
Joseph Starkings, 
Derrick Albertson, 
Philip Young, 
J. J. Troup, 
AndrieS Kashaw, 
Chas. Cornell, 
John Mitchell, 
Henry Townsend, 
W. Frost, 
Henry Ludlam, 
Jos. Ludlam, 
Jacob Duryee, 
D. W. Kissam, 
John Burtis, 
Aaron Duryee, 
W. Bennett, 
Thos. Cornell, 
Hervey Colwell, 
Albert Coles, 
Robert Thorney Craft, 
Baruch Cornell, 
Dan'l Kirby, 



Comfort Cornell, 
Rich'd Smith, 
Dan'l Albertson, 
Nathan Horton, 
John Whippo, 
W. Crooker, 
Jos. Lawrence, 
Dan'l Hopkins, 
Tho's Alsop, 
Martin Van Noostrand, 
Jeremiah Port, 
Sylvester Cornell, 
Edward Colwell, 
Thos. Ludlam, 
Dan'l Cock, 
John Needham, 
Joseph Denton, 
Robert Valentine, 
W. Willing, 
Philip Allen, 

Birdsall, Jr. 

Elijah Wood, 
Ja's Pine, 
John Boerum, 
John Hendrickson, 
Ja's Wood, 
W. Cornell, 
Rich'd Hallett, 
Ob. Valentine, 
Geo. Weekes, Sr. 
Job Duryee, 
Ja's Harper, 
Jos. Denton, 
Aaron Simonson, 
Hend'k Emmens. 
Seaman Weekes, 
Jacob Williams, 
David Waters, 
Nich. Van Arsdalen, 
W. Hallet, 
Anthony Rhodes, 



126 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 



Ja's Wooden, 
Jacob Kashow, 
Cha's Feke, 
Dan'l Underhill, 
Stephen Denton, 
Sam'l Townsend, 
Daniel Hall, 
Elijah Cock, 
Gilbert McCoun, 
John Fleet, 
John Weeks, Sr. 
Baruch Underhill, 
Henry Wheeler, 
John Chiser, 
Thos. Wright, 
Gab'l Duryee, 
Steph. Hendrickson, 
Garret Bennitt, 
Augustine McCoun, 
Nich. Wright, 
W. Burell, 
Jacobus Ryder, 
Penn Week, 
Benj. Cock, 
Luke Fleet, 
Sam'l Cheshire, 
Tice Lane, 
Derrick Amberman, 
Michael Butler, 
Robt. Colwell, 
Peter Wheeler, 
Isaac Remsen, Jr. 
John Townsend, Jr. 
Jos. Weekes, 
Nich. Van Cott, Jr. 
John Walters, 
Joseph Hauxhurst, 
Jacob Beldel, 
Wm. Ludlam, 
Jona. Seaman, 
Jacob Williams, 



Gilbert Wright, 
John Youngs, 
Jeromus Bennett, 
Peter Hegeman, 
Chas. Simonson, 
Adam Mott, 
Jacobus Lawrence, 
Epenetus Piatt, 
Dan'l Hewlett, Jr. 
Peter Cock, 
Caleb Southward, 
John Pratt, 
Oliver Birdsall, 
John Pettit, 
Jos. Dorlen, 
Sam'l Denton, 
Townsend Jackson, 
Gershom Smith, 
W. Smith, Jr. 
Benj. Carman, 
John Post, 
Thos. Seaman, 
Sam'l Mott, 
Sam'l Mott, 3d. 
Parmenas Jackson, 
Joseph Hall, 
Jno. Hall, Jr. 
Solomon Pool, 
Obadiah Seaman, 
Thos. Hatchings, 
Rich'd Rhoads, 
Sam'l Pettett, 
Thos. Dorland, 
Oba. Pettit, 
Dan'l Murray, 
Jno. Hegeman, 
Joseph Clowes, 
Nichols Betty, 
Sam'l Sands, 
Ja's Burtis, 
John Jackson, 



Benj. Jackson, 
Elias Dorlon, 3d. 
Walter Covert, 
Sam'l Demott, 
Jno. Foster, 
Jacamiah Bedell, 
Ja's Townsend, Jr. 
Obadiah Lawrence, 
Timothy Ellison, 
Geo. Bennett, 
Amos Underhill, 
Peter Thorney Craft, 
W. Ro«, 
Samson Crooker, 
Jacobus Luister, 
Hewlett Townsend; 
John Weekes, 
Peter Monfort, 
Jacob Downing, 
Jona. Smith, 
Nathan'l Moore, 
Nathan'l Moore, Jr., 
Richard Morrell, 
Sam'l Waldron, 
John Way, 
Dan'l Debevois, 
Benj. Moore, 
Geo. Brinckerhoff, 
Geo. Brinckerhoff, 3d, 
Tho's Burroughs, 
Hend'k Jacobs, 
James Morrell, 
John M'Dannaugh, 
Edmond Penfold, 
Jeromus Rapalje, 
Joseph Burlmg, 
Richard Rhoades, 
Nicholas Amberman, 
Tho's Denton, 
Amos Denton, Jr., 
Garret Van Wicklen, 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 



127 



Jacob Lott, 
Wm. Ludlam, Sen., 
Wm. Forbus, 
Tho's Higbie, 
Ab'm Hendrickson, 
Albert Hendrickson, 
Wm. Watts, 
James Everett, 
Nath'l Mills, Jr.. 
Jabez Woodruff, 
Peter Onderdonck, 
Joris Rapalje, 
Elbert Hegeman, 
John Burtis, 
Joseph Ackerly, 
Ed. Penny, 
Caleb Morrell, 
Hend'k Onderdonck, 
Jacob Bumstead, 
Andrew Hegeman, Jr., 
Wm. Smith, 
Timothy Smith, 
James Howard, 
Philip S. Piatt, 
Philip Thome, 
Charles Titus, 
Jacob Valentine, 
Benj. Downing, 
Samuel Titus, 
John Bashford, 
Benj. Tredwell, Br., 
Tho's Seaman, cooper, 
Richard Fuller, 
Philip Thome, 
Jeromus Rapalje, 
Geo. D. Ludlow, 
Daniel Kissam, 
Leonard Cutting, Rev., 
David Colden, 
G. G. Ludlow, Col, 
Joshua Bloomer, Rev., 



Abraham Walton, 
Charles Arding, 
Jona. Fisk, 
Samuel Fish, 
Robt. Crommeline, 
John Shoals, 
Joseph Field, 
Thomas Smith, 
Samuel Cornell, 
Valentine H. Peters, 
Hend'k Brinckerhoff, 
Daniel Hewlett, Sr., 
Uriah Piatt, 
John Slone, 
Richard Alsop, 
Daniel Duryee, 
Daniel Feeke, 
Charles M'Evers, 
Jacob Mott, 
James Hallett, 
W. Hallett, 
Geo. Ryerson, 
Ab'm Lawrence, 
John Townsend, 
Richard Smith, 
Stephen Thome, 
Daniel Brinckerhoff, 
Prior Townsend, 
Abra. Schenck, 
W. Cock, 
Richard Titus, 
Daniel Thome, 
Peter Titus, 
Peter Titus, Jr., 
Elbert Adrianse, 
Stephen Frost, 
Simon Remsen, 
Caspar Sprong, 
Cornelius Rapalje, 
Harman Hendrickson, 
James Carpenter, 



Penn Frost, 
John Polhemus, 
Wm. Latting, 
Jona. Morrell, 
Edward Thome, 
Stephen Thome, Jr., 
John Butler, 
Samuel Mudy, 
Andrew Ricker, 
Tho's Howell Smith, 
Geo. Underbill, 
John Lambertson, 
Isaac Remsen, 
Tho. Cock, 
Moury Kashaw, 
Wm. Wright, 
Jona. Rosell, 
Wm. Reuben Hall, 
Procolus McCoun, 
John Needham, Jr., 
Samuel Townsend, 
Tho. Colwell, 
Samuel Hare, Jr., 
Samuel Hare, Sr. 
Samuel Jones, 
Wm. Jones, 
David Jones, 
John Jones, 
Wm. Hall, 
Walter Jones, 
Abr. Duryee, 
Ab'm Wansor, 
John Bennet, Jr., 
Geo. Townsend, Jr., 
Jeremiah Robbins, 
Stephen Robbins, 
Daniel Burr, Jr., 
Daniel Noostrandt, 
Hanomon Lelond, 
James Lifford, 
John Hewlett, 



128 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 



Garret Duryee, 
John Ryder, 
Henry Wanser, Jr., 
P«ter Noostrandt, Jr., 
Levi Cock, 
Gideon Wright, 
Cornelius Remsen, 
Samuel Hawxhurst, 
Samuel Youngs, 
W. Townsend, 
Samuel Baulding, 
Abel Baulding, 
Noah Mott, Jr., 
W. Hawxhurst, 
W. Vanreelred, 
John Suydam, 
John Miller, 
John Cashow, minor, 
Stephen Vedito, 
John Noostrandt, 
Elias Wheeler, 
Nehemiah Sammis, 
Samuel Langdon, 
Henry WooUey, 
Solomon Doxey, 
Henry Shaw, 
Wni. Stites, 
Solomon Seaman, 
John Duryee, 
Joseph Edoll, 
David Dorlon, 
Andrew Allen, 
Wm. Smith, 
Richard Jackson, Jr., 
Obadiah Jackson, 
Johannes Van Cotts, Jr. 
John Jackson, 
Jacob Seaman, 
Morris Green, 
Samuel Combs, 
Peter Schenck, 



John Laton, 
Peter Thomas, 
Wm. Stilwell, 
John Smith, 
Coles Mudge, 
Wm. Mudge, 
John Luyster, 
Albert Albertson, 
Derick Albertson, 
Joseph Coles, 
Benj. Thorney Craft, 
W. Laton, 

Albert Van Noostrandt, 
Richard Townsend, 
Henry Thorney Craft, 
Jarvis Coles, 
Benj. Downing, 
Stephen Smith, 
Samuel Moore, 
David Moore, 
Wm. Howard, 
Robert Coe, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
John Debevois, Jr., 
Daniel Wiggins, 
Teunis Brinckerhoff, 
Bernardus Bloom, 
Daniel Luyster, 
Richard Belts, 
Robt. Jackson, 
John Snow, 
Samuel Wainwright, 
John Denise, Jr., 
John Charlton, 
John Bennet, 
,John Roades, 
John Montanye, 
Ab'm Lott, 
Benj. Creed, 
Jos. Thome, 
Dan'l Cornwell, 



Moses Higbie, 
Hope Roads, 
Cornelius Losee, 
Hendk Hendrickson, 
Ab'm Ditrnars, 
Joseph Golder, 
Nicholas Van Dam, 
Caleb Cruees, 
James Hughston, 
Joseph Oldfield, 
Thomas Thorne, 
Wm. Hutchings, 
Thomas Dodge, 
Jona. Hutchings, 
Richard Thorne, 
Thomas Applebey, 
Benj. WooUey, 
Hend'k Van Der Belt, 
Samuel Latham, 
Nicholas Willson, 
Henry Alline, Sr. 
Samuel Hewlett, 
Benj. Sands, 
John Thorne, 
Samuel Balding, 
James Crooker, 

Richard Kirk, 

Peter Waters, 

Wm. Williams, 
Wm. Cox. 

Caleb Cornell, 

Powel Amberman, 

Jacob Doughty, 

John Van Noorstrandt, 

Joseph Skidmore, 

Ab'm Demott, 

John Kashaw, 

Jo. Coe, 

Al. Brinckerhoff. 

Benj. Tredwell, 

Richard Wiggins, 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 129 

To his Excellency, W31. Teyon, Esq., Capt. General, and 
Governor of the Province of New-York, and the terri- 
tories thereon depending, in America : Chancellor and 
Vice Admiral of the same, &c. &c. &c. 
May it please your Excellency, — we, the freeholders and 
inhabitants of Q,ueen3 county, are happy once again to address 
your Excellency in the capital of the Province. We heartily 
congratulate you on your return, which we consider as the 
earnest of farther success, and hope ere long the whole Pro- 
vince will feel the blessings of your Excellency's upright 
administration. 

Anxiously do we look forward to the time, when the diso- 
bedient shall return to their duty, and the ravages of war cease 
to desolate this once flourishing country. 

That we may be restored to the King's most gracious pro- 
tection, torn from us by the hand of violence ; and quicken 
others by our example to embrace the repeated invitations of 
his Majesty's commissioners, we have resolved on and sub- 
scribed a dutiful representation and petition, setting forth to 
them our loyal disposition, and praying that the county may 
be declared at the King's peace. 

We entreat your Excellency to present our petition ; and 
rely on your known humanity and benevolence for the exertion 
of your influence in behalf of the well aflected county of 
Q,ueens, that it may again in the bosom of peace enjoy the 
royal favor under your Excellency's paternal care and atten- 
tion. 

Signed by desire of and in behalf of 1293 freeholders and 
inhabitants, by DAVID GOLDEN. 

Queens County. Oct. 21, 1776. 

New- York, Not. 12, 1776. 
Sir — In compliance with the request in the address present- 
ed to me by you, in behalf of the inhabitants of Q,ueens county, 
I immediately after my return Irom head quarters waited on 
Lord Howe, one of the King's commissioners for restoring 
peace to his Majesty's colonies, and presented to his Lordship 
the very dutiful and loyal petition and representation of the 
said inhabitants, who was pleased to say. " He would take the 



130 PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 

earliest opportunity of communicating with Gen. Howe on the 
occasion." 

This public testimony from the inhabitants of Queens 
county, of their unshaken loyalty to our most gracious sove- 
reign, and of their zealous attachment to the British constitu- 
tion, is particularly agreeable to me, and entitles them to my 
best endeavors for a speedy accomplishment of their virishes : 
the season and the expediency of the granting whereof are 
safely and happily committed to the wisdom and direction of 
his Majesty's commissioners. 

I am, with regard, sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

WM. TRYON. 
David Colden, Esq., of Q,ueens Co. 

124. Gov. Tryon to Lord Geo. Germaine. 

New- York, Dec. 24, 1776. 

" On the 10th inst. I reviewed the militia of Q,ueens county 
at Hempstead, when 820 men were mustered : and on Thurs- 
day following I saw the Suffolk militia at Brookhaven, where 
near 8G0 appeared, to all of whom, as well as to the militia of 
Glueens county, I had in my presence an oath of allegiance 
and fidelity administered. 

" I took much pains in explaining to the people (having 
formed them into circles) the iniquitous arts, &c., that had 
been practised on their credulity, to seduce and mislead them : 
and I had the satisfaction to observe among them a general 
return of confidence in government. A very large majority of 
the inhabitants oi Queens county have indeed steadfastly 
maintained their loyal principles, as have small districts in 
Suffolk. Some men from South and East Hampton, who 
attended the review, assured me that rebel parties from Con- 
necticut were then on the easternmost part of the island, and 
which prevented in general the settlers in that quarter from 
attending my summons, but that they are very desirous to live 
under a peaceable obedience to his Majesty's authority. (The 
inclosed letter, from their Presbyterian minister, will more fully 
explain their sentiments.) Three companies, 1 learned, had 
been raised out of Suffolk for the rebel army, most of whom, I 



PETITION AND REPRESENTATION. 131 

was made to understand, would quit that service if they could 
get home.— (See 98.) 

" I have the pleasure to assure your Lordship, through the 
whole of this tour I did not hear the least murmur of discon- 
tent, but a general satisfaction expressed at my coming among 
them ; and to judge from the temper and disposition I per- 
ceived in them, there is not the least apprehension of any far- 
ther commotions from the inhabitants a» Liang Island. All are 
industrious in bringing to market what provisions the island 
affords. 

" While on Long Island I gave certificates to near 300 men, 
who signed the declaration prescribed by the King's commis- 
sioners' proclamation of the 30th of November last. Large 
bodies of the people have already taken the benefit of the 
grace therein offered them. 

" The Gei eral has been pleased to give my Secretary, Col. 
Fanning, a warrant to raise a battalion of Provincials of 500 
men. They are to be enhsted for the American service, and 
for the term of two years, or during the war, at the General's 
discretion. 

" Jan. 20, 1777. I have solicited Gen. Howe to give me 
800 stand of arms for the loyal inhabitants of Q,ueens county.* 
They were sent last week to Col. Ludlow, colonel of the militia, 
to distribute among the most faithful subjects. 

'■'•Feb. 11, 1777. The loyal inhabitants of Q,ueens county 
received the 800 stand of arms distributed by the General's 
permission, with demonstrations of joy, and with a professed 
resolution to use them in defence of the island. 

'■ I am anxious that some grace from government may 
speedily be extended to this loyal quarter of the Province." 

* To replace thdse carried ofi' by Col. Heard, (see 38.) Tryon re- 
turned to town from raising Provincial forces on Long Island Dec. 13, 
1776.— Eu. 



PART IV. 

ARMED OCCUPATION. 
NEWTOWN. 

125. Some young Tories, one night, shortly after the British 
got possession of Newtown, sawed off the steeple of the Pres- 
byterian church — a trick they tried at Jamaica, also. Some 
years after the peace, when a tall steeple in New- York was to 
be cut off and lowered, there was inquiry made for a skilful 
mechanic to perform so critical an operation. " Oh," said Capt. 
Rutgers, " I know a person that will suit your purpose." " Who 
is it ?" " Why, Dr. M." " Oh, he is only a Doctor." " No 
matter for that, only give him a hand-saw and a well-rope^ and 
he'll have it off while you are asleep." 

The Presbyterian church was first used as a prison and 
guard-house, and the pews taken out. At length the building 
was taken down and used for making huts on Kenny's place. 
The pulpit pillar stood beside the town house as a horse post. 
" To such base uses may we come at last !" 

The Presbyterians had no preaching here, but attended Mr. 
Burnet's church at Jamaica. After the peace they used the 
Dutch church once a fortnight, which does not appear to have 
been molested. 

126. Soldiers lay in various parts of Newtown beside the 
town spot. Those at Dutch Kills lay in three tiers on the rising 
ground, east of A. Paynter's. They came in the summer, be- 
fore the evacuation. Their lines included a store, (now T. 
Paynter's,) from which they drank a hogshead of rum every 
three days. They would be fetching water nearly all day long 
from the spring below, an excellent one, being called St. George. 
Hessians were also billeted in houses at the Kills. Grena- 
diers, called Macaronis, from their neatness, also lay there. 



AKMED OCCUPATION. 133 

There was an encampment at Train's meadow, in front of 
Wm. Leverich's, on Wm. Palmer's land, (since Shaw's.) Near 

by, in the woods of Alburtis, (now Penfold's,) were barrels 

sunk in the ground for the reception of stolen articles. 

There was a large encampment on land of Andries Bra- 
gaw, (since Morrison's,) south of the road to Dutch Kills. 

The huts on Bragaw's and J. Morrell's land were 50 feet 
long, and made rectangular, thus: ], and open to the south, so 
as to admit the sun's rays and keep off the north-west wind. 
The outside was sodded up to the roof, (which was thatched,) 
the inner wall was of square hewn logs ; in the centre was 
the parade. 

Some Hessians were hutted at D. S. Mills'. They had 40 
or 50 huts dug in the side hill, sodded and covered with straw. 
They were the leavings of previous recruitings, and were puny 
little fellov/s, and died off in great numbers. 

In summer, the soldiers lay encamped in tents ; in winter, 
in huts, or else billeted in farmers' kitchens. Each family was 
allowed one fire-place, and the officers fixed the number of sol- 
diers to be billeted in each house, which was usually from 10 to 
20. They had three tiers of hammocks, one above the other, 
ranged round the room, and made of boards .stripped from some 
fence or outbuilding. 

127. Sept. 29, '77. Gaine.' $5 reward. Strayed or stolen 
from Samuel Nottingham, near the landing at the Kills, a grey 
horse. 

128. Jan. 24, '78. Riv. 20s. sterUng reward. Deserted 
from Capt. Galbreath's company. [Delancy's 3d battalion.] 
at Newtown, Jan. 13, Enos Blakely. born in Conn. 

129. Jan. 26, '78, Gaine. An officer's sash taken from a 
straggler by an officer of Gen. Delancy's corps, now stationed 
at Newtown. 

130. Sept. 30, '78, Riv. The petition of the Loyal Refu- 
gees on Long Island to the King's Commissioners, is left for 
signature with Col. Kirkland, who will attend at Mr. Rapalje's, 
[Inn, since Howard's,] Newtown.* 

* Gen. Warren was quartered at the house (now D. S. .Tones') at En- 
glish Kills; Major Humphreys, at the Town House ; Col. Richmamlt, a 



134 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

German, nt W. Leverich's ; Capt. Raymond, at D. V. Dyne's, (now D. 
S. Mills' ;) Major Tho's Barclay, at R. Berrian's, (now B. Denton's.) 

131. Wanted, a Purser's SteAvard. Apply on Board the 
Grand Duke, off the Bowery, on L. I. Riv., Oct. 7, '78. 

132. Oct. 19, '78, Gaine. The house of Joseph Hallet, 
near Newtown, was broken open on the night of Thursday 
last, by six persons, who took 10 guineas in a green purse, a 
gold and a silver watch. 

133. Oct. 21, '78, Riv. Run away, a negro boy, &c. Any 
person who will bring him to the 17th regiment of dragoons, at 
Newtown, will receive 5 guineas reward. 

134. Dec. 9, '78, Riv. Whereas, the safety of the city and 
the preservation of the shipping, require the wharves to be 
kept clear ; all vessels intending to winter at New- York (not 
in service of government) are ordered to be removed to New- 
town Creek. 

135. Jan. 13, '79, Riv. $5 reward. Deserted from the 42d 
regiment at Newtown, James Docharty, wagoner: had on a 
grey duffil coat, white waistcoat and red breeches ; also, John 
Steele, a negro, h^d on a short jacket, (private's uniform of 
42d,) red waistcoat and brown trowsers. Owners of privateers 
and vessels are forewarned, &c. 

136. Feb. 6j '79, Riv. Two guineas reward. Lost, between 
the guard house of the 42d regiment [now D. S. Mills'] and 
Newtown, a Pinchbeck watch, to which was fixed a seal, two 
keys, and two padlock keys, with a green silk string. 

137. Feb. 17, '79, Riv. $5 reward. Run away from Ber- 
nardus Bloom, a negro Jeff, &c. All masters of vessels and 
others are desired not to harbor him, but at their peril. 

138. flO reward. P>,un away from Caspar Springsteen, 
April 23, '79, Charles, a negro of yellowish cast, and plays on 
the fiddle. Masters of vessels are cautioned not to carry him 
off, on pain of prosecution. 

139. Riv., May 1, '79. Address presented by the 'principal in- 
habitants of Newtown, to Lieut. Col. Sterling, on the morning 
before he left his winter quarters : 
The inhabitants of Newtown beg leave to make their hearty 



NEWTOWN. 



135 



and grateful acknowledgments to Col. Sterling, and the offi- 
cers of the 42d regiment,* for their very equitable, polite and 
friendly conduct during their winter stay among them : they 
will ever entertain an affectionate esteem and regard for them, 
and will never forget that they have been treated with all the 
justice and cordiality due to fellow subjects and citizens. 

They, at the same time, request the favor of Col. Sterling 
to return their sincere -thanks to the regiment in general, for 
their regular, orderly and honorable behavior, so conformable 
to the true character of gentlemen and soldiers. 

They part with the 42d regiment with regret, and wish them 
glory and success. April 28, '79. 

Cha's Debevoice, John Suydam, 

Rich'd Alsop, Wm. Van Dyne, 

Tlio's Belts, Meneus Van Dyne, 

John Way, Ja's INIarr, 

George Rapalje, Dow Van Dyne, 

John Rapalje, Ort Van Dyne, 

Bemardus Rapalje, Sam'l Waldron, 
Tho's Woodward, W. McKean, 

Mordecai Lester, BernarJus Bloom, 

Jacob Lester, Joseph Ford, 

Simon Fiaglor, Simon Bloom, 

Gilbert Lester, Wm. Waynman, 

Ab'm J. Rapalye, Andrew Bay, 

Sam'l Wainwright, Ab'm Brinckerhoff, 
Rich'd Morrell, Jeronemus Rapalje, 

Gilbert Ketchum, Tho's Lawrence, 

Ja's Morrell, Oliver Waters, 

Tho's Hunt, Joseph Burroughs, 

Ja's Bonney, Wm. Bailey, 

Alex. Roxburgh, Jona. W. Furman, 

Rob't Boyle, Jacob Cosine, 

John T. Waters, Jacobus Ricker, 

Nath.IIunt, Nath'l Moore, 

Jona. Morrell, Cor's Rapalje, 

Ab'm Morrell, Sr. Nath'l Moore, Jr. 

Ab'm Morrell, Jr. Jacob Lent, 

Jos. Denton, Garret Leighster, 

Jeromus Reniscn, Ab'm Lent, 



John Shoals, 
John Moore, Jr. 
James Moore, 
Sam'l Moore, Sr. 
David Titus, 
Jacob Moore, 
Sam'l Moore, 3d. 
Hend'k Brinckerhoff, 
George Brinckerhoff, 
Dan'l Rapalje, 
Martin Rapa'je, 
Joseph Lawrence, 
John Moore, 
David Moore, 
Benj. Cornish, 
Sam'l Moore, Jr. 
John Leverich, 
Sam'l Leverich, 
Jacob Palmer, 
Dan'l Rapalje, 
John Curtis, 
Wm. Sackett, 
Nath'l Woodward, 
John Morrell, 
George Brinckerhoff, 
John Bragaw, 
Andrew Bragaw, 
Geo. Brinckerhoff, Jr. 



136 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

Ab'm Polhemus, Jeremiah Remsen, Dan'l Leighster, 

Ab'm Polhemus, Jr. James Harper, Ab'm Benham, 

Geo. Debevoice, Rob't Dixon, Ja's Way. — 93. 

Col. S. replies, May 1, from on board the Nestor, trans- 
port. 

* Holt, March 1, '79. Thursday last, Elizabethtown was attacked 
by 1000 men from Long Island, part of the 42d and 33d regiments, com 
manded by Lt. Col. Sterling. [They marched through Newark Mead- 
ows to their middle in the mud. — Ed.] 

140. Rii\, July 16,- '79. Deserted, from the horse depart- 
ment of the Royal artillery, from his command at Newtown, 
Richard Van Hausen, believed to have gone on board some 
privateer, or concealed for that purpose. 

141. July 3, '79, Riv. On Tuesday last, a party of refu- 
gees from Long Island crossed to West Chester, and brought off, 
with the assistance of the guard ship below City Island, 50 milch 
cows, 12 or 14 horses, and 150 sheep, which they drove to Ja- 
maica Plains. None of the party received any injury.* 

[* One morning, as the owner of a fine meadow arose, she found 15 
horses turned in it to graze, which had been stolen from the Main. The 
British also crossed to the Main in tlie hard winter of 1780, and made 
the farmers bring over their hay on the ice to Long Island. — Ed ] 

142. Aug. 23, '79, Gaine. Grammar school at Newtown, 
Thomas Lambert Moore is willing to perfect a few young gen- 
tlemen (in addition to those already with him) in English, 
Greek and Latin. They can board in good families on easy 
terms. References : Isaac Wilkins, Esq., Newtown, and Rev. 
Mr. Moore, New-York. 

143. Sept. 5, '79, Gaine. $3 reward and no questions asked. 
Stolen or strayed, Aug. 12, out of Gen. [7] Grant's pasture, 
Fresh Ponds, a beaver colored horse, the property of Captain 
Grey, of the King's American regiment, [or Fanning's corps.] 

AB'M RAPALJE, Bushwick, 
AB'M RAPALJE, Newtown. 

144. May 20, 'SO, Rir. Two guineas reward. Stolen or 
strayed from the light infantry camp, Hellgate, a brown mare, 

nag tail, &c. 

Capt. COOTE, 37th Light Company. 



NEWTOWN. 137 

145. Sept. 13, '80, Eiv. Deserted from the horse depart- 
ment of the Royal artillery, from the Newtown district, D. 
McCarty ; had on a blue jacket with red collar, round hat, &Cf 

146. Dee. 14. '80, Riv. The Hussar frigate was lately lost 
in Hellgate, and several of her crew drowned. Salvage paid 
for stores saved. 

[She riyi on the Pot Rock, and was supposed to have on board pay 
for the British army. Some years ago fruitless effoits were made to fish 
up the lost treasure. — Ed] 

147. March 10, '81, Riv. One Strickland, of Newtown, 
Long Island, an artificer, following the rebel army, was taken 
up at Bergen Point and put in the Provost, charged with being 
a spy, and the one appointed to murder Andre. 

148. April 9, '81, Gaine. A Negro man to be sold at pubUc 
vendue, by Tho's Brooke, at Newtown ; also, 2 Negro boys : 
one 10, and the other 12 years old. 

149. June 10, '81, Gaine. Two rebel Avhaleboats, com- 
manded by Blacker and Jones, appeared off Baron, formerly 
Bahana's Island, but on seeing a signal of their appearance 
made to Mr. Dun, of the garrison battalion on Long Island, they 
thought proper to steer off. 

The guards* and Royal refugees, Henry Fowler, John Un- 
derbill, Moses Miller, and Gabriel Lynch,' who turned out, be- 
gan a fire, and R. Cunningham, Inspector, Baron Island, sa- 
luted them with two swivels. 

A Serjeant and six privates belonging to Col. Linsing's re- 
giment of grenadiers, and the refugees on Baron Island, have 
Mr. Cunningham's thanks for their alertness on the above oc- 
casion. 

[* Guards were also kept at Col. Lawrence's Point and Bowery Bay. 
The sentinels were now and then picked off by shot from the Main. — Ed-I 

1-50. /?ir., Sept. 5. '81. $5 reward. Run away from Capt. 
Charles Grant, of 42d or Royal Highland regiment of foot, at 
Newtown, a negro man, Tom. Masters of vessels and others 
are forewarned to harbor him. 

151. Oct. 6, '81, Riv. $2 reward. Run away from Major 
James Grant, of the King's American regiment, a negro boy, 



138 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

Bristol, pretty black, and his wool short. Masters of vessels 
are forewarned to conceal him. 

. 152. Oct. 17, '81, Eiv. Lt. W. Barry, of the Royal Forres- 
ters, died of a violent fever. His remains were interred at 
Hallet's Cove, with the honors of war. 

153. Peter Fitzsimmons, merchant in Newtown, has opened 
a tavern at the house of widow Betts, at Hallet's Cove ferry. 
He also has the ferry on the opposite side at Horn's Ilook, and 
keeps horse-boats, and small boats for jiassengers, and is now 
making a large yard for horned cattle. Ferriage, for man and 
horse, 2s., horse and chair, 4s., cattle, 2s., passengers. Is. — Riv. 
May 8, '82. 

154. Newtown, Aug. 8, '82. One guinea reward. Run away 
a negro. Adam, who wore an officer's old red coat faced with 
white, and a gold basket button. Masters of vessels are forbid 
harboring him. GARRET LUYSTER. 

155. Eiv., Nov. 30, '82. Five guineas reward. Run away 
from Wm. Garden, Newtown, a likely young Guinea negro 
fellow, Nero, who had on a blue frieze shooting-jacket (had 
four slack pockets) and an old flapped hat. 

156. Jan. 8, '83, ^it?. Two guineas reward. On Wednes- 
day evening, Dec. 25, a sleigh was stopped by two men, sup- 
posed to be soldiers, on the road between the widow Burtis's 
and Dan'l Rapalje's, and the persons in it robbed of their money 
and a silver watch. 

GEO. RAPALYE, Capt. Q. Co. Militia. 

157. Fifty guineas reward will be paid to any one who ap- 
prehends the thieves who robbed the house of Jacob Bennet, 
at the entrance of Newtown creek, April 2, by Geo. Hunter. 

N. B. One of them is already taken up and confined in the 
Main Guard.*— Riv. Ap. 5, '83. 

[* As Jacob Bennet, who lived on the hill at Domine's Hook, was 
rowing homeward from market, his negro observed a strange boat on the 
shore near the house, and said to his master, " There must be robbers at 
our house ; let's scuttle the boat." No sooner said than done. As they 
drew near the house, the robbers (who had already tied up the aged father, 
and forced him to show his money) came out and ordered them to land, 
or they would be fired on. Disregarding the threat, Bennet put about for 



NEWTOWN. 1S9 

the .Bushwick shore and gave the alarm. The robbers now fled to their 
boats to escape, but as they put off she filled. They then made for the 
meadows and hid in the hedge £1,000 they had taken, being the property 
of B. and his son-in-law, Capt. Hunter. The robbers were refugees. — Ed.] 

John Meserole, at Green's Point, (a great churchman, called by way 
of distinction, " Domine John,") was near being robbed, &c. The old 
lady sat on the chest where the money was put ; and before the robbers 
could gather up their plunder, a lad escaped, spread the alarm, and the 
robbers decamped. 

158. Ap. 28, '83. At vendue, the plantation of Capt. Van- 
dyne, of two hundred acres, at Hempstead Swamp, one mile 
south of Newtown, [D. S. Mills'] also stock, farming utensils, &c. 

159. June 24, '83, Gaine. The anniversary of St. John 
Baptist will be celebrated at Newtown by the Friendly Brothers 
of St. George, Lodge No. 2, who are to meet at Mr. Rapalje's 
tavern, at 10 o'clock ; then proceed in procession to the church, 
where a sermon will be preached. An elegant dinner on the 
table at 4. W. SORREL, Sec. 

160. July 15, '83. To be sold the farm of Peter Berton. at 
the Q,ueens Head tavern, Newtown Landing. 

161. /??■»., Aug. 6, '83. All persons having demands against 
Jacob Russell, gunsmith, a deserter from the Hessian Reg. de 
Knoblauch, are desired to bring them before the court-martial 
in the Camps near Newtown. 

PLUMGIUE. Judge Advocate. 
DePORBECK, Col. Com. 

162. Stolen. Wednesday night, Oct. 15, '83, from the widow 
of Major Jas. Grant, late of the King's Amer. Reg., living at 
Fresh Ponds, a horse, &c. — Riv. 

163. £5 reward. Run away, Kate, born in the family of 
Jacob Bennet, wears her hair very high and straight up, over 
a roll, with a great deal of pomatum ; a great talker ; took a 
calico short-gown, with figures of horses, carriages and sol- 
diers in blue and yellow colors, particularly a row of soldiers 
round the bottom of it. and several caps with long ears. — Riv., 
Nov. '83. 

164. Thos. Woodward (now Viator's) heard a noise among 



140 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

his fowls in the trees back of his house. He tracked a fellow 
in the snow and fired at a venture. The next morning a sol- 
dier was found dead, a short distance from the house, with a 
fowl in his bosom. Woodward kept out of the way a few days, 
and was never called to account. 

165. Wrn. Furman, at the head of the Fly, (now Ab'r 
Rhoades',) was an executor of Coe's estate, and suppo.sed to be 
in possession of a large sum of money. He was robbed of 
$1,600 and badly beaten (as he lay in bed, where he was 
ordered to remain) to force him to make further disclosures. 
When he ran to a neighbor's to spread the alarm, he was 
covered with blood. The robbers were refugees, and were 
detected at Brooklyn ferry from the peculiarity of the coin. 
Mr. Furman appeared before the British authorities at New- 
York and identified some of the pieces, yet none of the money 
was ever restored. After the peace he was sued by the heirs 
of Coe, and acquitted in the Court of Errors. 

166. One night, a little before the peace, Thos. Cumberson 
was awakened by a knocking at his door by some persons, who 
asked the way to Hallet's Cove. They then wanted to come 
in and get something to eat. This he refused, as the hour was 
unseasonable. They affected to go off" satisfied. But, sus- 
pecting they might return again, Cumberson dressed himself, 
and stood his loaded gun by his bed. In a short time, without 
notice, his front door was forced open by a stone as large as a 
man could well manage. The robbers then rushed in upon 
him, and one cried out, " Now, you rascal, we've got you." 
He fired instantly and lodged the load in the fellow's abdomen, 
and sung out, as to a friend present. " Hand the other gun, or 
fire yourself" Thereupon, all three decamped. The wounded 
man essayed to mount his horse, but failed. He, however, 
snapped his pistol at Cumberson, who had followed him out of 
doors, and was looking on. Finally he begged to be led into 
the house. C. told him he had been in once. " Yes, to my 
sorrow," said the wounded man, throwing down his pistol and 
falling on Ihe ground. He at first refused to give up the names 
of his associates ; but on being told by the British surgeon that 
he had but a short time to live, he confessed all. His name 



FLUSHING. 141 

was Michael Hogans. Three of them had deserted from the 
British camp at Flatbush and come over to the EngUsh Kills, 
where they broke open the King's stables and stole three wa- 
goner's horses. His two accomplices, Docharty and Lyons, rode 
off to Hallet's Cove, where stealing a boat, they crossed the 
river, and were never heard of afterwards. The wounded 
man died eight hours after in great agony, and was seWed up 
in a blanket of Mrs. C.'s, and buried in the woods east of the 
house. 

167. Cor. Rapalje, who lived on the cross-roads from Dutch 
Kills to the Bowery, (since. Purdy's.) heard a noise among his 
cattle. He took a gun and his negro a hatchet, and killed a 
soldier. 

H. Furraan had a heifer stolen, and found her fifty yards 
off, her hind quarters cut out, the rest left. Aaron, his son, lost 
some ducks, but on complaining and pointing out the thief, he 
was punished. Robbers could be told by marks on their but- 
tons or caps. 

J. Remsen, one and a half miles south of Newtown, hearing 
some soldiers in his cow-yard, fired and put shot into three of 
them. 

Wm. Howard had his cows penned up before his house, bars 
wedged, front door open, and a person sitting up all night to 
watch, yet they were stolen. A by-word among the British 
was, '• You are punished, not for stealing, but for being found 
out." Corn and potatoes (when soldiers lay near) were often 
watched at night. Potatoes sometimes sold at 18s. and half a 
guinea per bushel ; butter, 8 and 10s. per lb. ; beef. Is. 6d. ; 
turkeys, half a guinea a piece. Much provision (such as flour, 
pease, butter, oats, meat) came from England and Ireland. 

FLUSHING. 

168. Friends' meeting-house was used successively as a 
prison, hospital, and hay magazine. When the British officer 
first went to take possession. Friends were in silent meeting. 
He'put his head in the door, but seeing them sit so quiet and 
demure, he withdrew till shaking hands was over. During 



142 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

the rest of the war, Friends met in barns and private houses. 
West of the meeting-house was a hospital, wliere the small- 
pox raged dreadfully. South Avas the parade. No fences 
were to be seen : all had been torn down for fuel. The guard- 
house knocked up for the purpose, was west of Aspinwall's, 
now Dr. Bloodgood's. " When the British first entered Flush- 
ing, they set a guard over Prince's nursery.* But as there 
was no sale for trees, fine cherry trees were cut down for hoop- 
poles. The trees grew to a large size, and the nursery was 
much neglected." 

On the high ground, where the old Methodist meeting-house 
now stands, was the alarm-pole. This was wound round with 
straw (so as to be easily fired) and surmounted with a tar- 
barrel, and was one of a series of beacons to transmit the alarm 
to Jamaica, where most of the British troops lay, in case the 
Americans or their French allies should land on Long Island. 

For sport, the officers would play at fives against the side 
of the meeting-house. "A long and moderate war," was their 
standing toast. The common soldiers would roll an eighteen 
or twenty-four pound ball in nine holes ; or tied up in a sack, 
the head only visible, a half-dozen would run for a wager. 
Others would find more congenial amusement in a trial at 
making wry faces, the prize being a quantity of tobacco. A 
still lower order of amusement was, soaping a pig's tail, the 
pig being the property of the lucky fellow that could hold him 
thereby. 

The punishments were "picketing" for the horsemen. 
A pointed stake was driven into the ground. On this the of- 
fender stood barefoot, with one hand tied at arm's length to a 
tree overhead, the other hand and foot bound together. Others 
run the gauntlet between two rows of soldiers, each having a 
birch whip, or were paid off with the cat. 

* Thompson, II. 85. 

169. Feb. 17, '77, Gaine. Sutler wanted for his Ex. Gov. 
Brown's corps, who understands his business. Very great en- 
couragement will be given on applying to the quarter master 
at Flushing. 

170. Mar. 3, '77, Gaine. The Royal and Hon. Brigade of 



FLUSHING. 143 

the Prince of Wales's Loyal Amer. Volunteers quartered at 
the famous and plentiful town of Flushing. Recruits taken 
also at Wni. Betts', sign of the Gen. Amherst, Jamaica. £5 
bounty and 100 acres oi" land on the Mississippi, for 3 years, 
or during the rebellion. Present pay and free quarters. Cloth- 
ing, arms and accoutrements supplied. Bringers will receive 
$2. God save the King ! 

[Twenty in a drove would come from New England to enlist 
in Brown's corps. — Ed.'] 

171. Sept. 29, '77, Holt. Two men detected in transporting 
tories [recruits?] from Killingworth to Long Island, near 
Flushing, were sent to jail to New London. 

172. Stolen from Isaac Underbill, of Flushing, a sorrel 
horse, (fee, Oct. 29, '77. 

173. Jan. 26, '78, Gaiw. Married at Flushing, Beverly 
Robinson, Jr., Esq., Lt. Col. of the Loyal Amer. Reg., to the 
amiable and accomplished Miss Nancy Barclay. 

174. Sutler wanted lor the 1st Bat. of Gen. Delancey's 
Brigade, who is capable of furnishing a large mess. Apply 
to the gentlemen of the Reg., at the Camp, head of Flushing 
Fly.— Riv., Jan. 17, '78. 

175. Au^. 10, '78, Holt. Fishkill, Aug. 6. A gentleman 
who left Flushing last Lord's Day, says there were 12,000 
about New- York. Bread was very scarce, pease and oat- 
meal being served out instead. Commissary's rations en- 
tirely stopped. Soldiers' wives* allowed quarter instead of 
half rations. Two vessels from Cork brought 1,000 barrels 
provisions. The Long Island people were selling oil' their 
small cattle and poultry, as they were daily robbed of them by 
the soldiery. Our friends on the island, since the battle of 
Monmouth, are in high spirits, and the formerly active tories 
now begin to hang their heads and cry peccavi. 

[* A certain number of soldiers in each regiment was allowed (o 
bring their wives with tliem, called " washerwomen," — often common 
prostitutes. — Ed.] 

176. Sep. 5,'78. Riv. Stolen, strayed, or driven away by mis- 
take with the army, from the head of the Fly, Aug. 27, a mouse- 



144 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

colored mare, with hog mane and bush tail ; also a red cow, 
the property of Capt. Darby, 17th Reg. of Foot. Whoever 
will give information of the above at the Head Inn, Jamaica, 
or widow Waters, head of the Fly, shall be handsomely re- 
warded. 

177. Sep. 23, '78, Riv. Four guineas reward, and no ques- 
tions. A cow was stolen, Aug. 27, from the place of embark- 
ation at White Stone, belonging to the 64th Reg., now at Bed- 
ford camp. 

178. Oct. 10, '78, Riv. Strayed, fi'om the encampment of 
Maryland Loyalists* at Yellow Hook, July 20, a very likely 
roan mare. Any person bringing her to the Reg., now lying 
at the head of Flushing Fly, will receive two guineas reward. 

[* Wrecked in the Bay of Fundy, on their voyage to Nova Scotia, 
Oct. '83, and many lives lost. — Ed.] 

179. Oct. 31. '78, Riv. Stolen or strayed, a bay mare, 
branded G. under the mane. Whoever will deliver her to 
Obadiah Leech, at D. Bowne's, Pigeon Meadow, three and a 
half miles east of Flushing, shall have $4 reward. 

180. July 3, '79, Riv. Edmund Fanning, Col. of the Asso- 
ciated Refugees, on board the Diana transport at Whitestone, 
received a letter from Edward Winslow, Lt. Col. Commandant 
of the Associated Refugees on board the Royal Charlotte, 
Huntington Harbor, that '■ he with Col. Upham had attacked 
Norwalk, and stretched along Connecticut shore, occasioning 
new troubles to our enemies." 

181. July 14, '79, Riv. Five guineas reward. Stolen, last 
Friday, from near the house at the west side of the Watering 
Place at Whitestone, a MARGLUEE, marked Col. McLean's 
Reg. [82d.] 

182. Jan. 5, ^SO, Riv. On Christmas eve, the house of Col. 
Hamilton [since H. Mitchell's] at Flushing, was burnt to the 
ground with every thing therein — elegant furniture, stock of 
provisions, various sorts of wines, spirits intended for the regale 
of his numerous friends, the military and other gentlemen of the 
neighborhood, at this convivial season. A cask of cartridges 
and some gunpowder for the militia, were in the garret, which 
prevented the exertions that would otherwise have been made. 



FLUSHING. 145 

183. Jan. 17, '80, Riv. Died of consumption, aged 23, in 
Mr.Vanderbelt's house,* Flushing, the Hon. Mrs. Napier, lady 
of the Hon. Capt. N., 80th Grenadiers, now on the expedition. 
Her remains were deposited in the Golden vault. Spring Hill, 
[now Judge Strong's,] attended by the officers of the 22d, 38th 
and 80th Reg's. Her two daughters are under the care of 
Col. A. Hamilton. 

[* In 1789, the house of .Tohii Vanderbelt, with the records of the town 
of Flushing, were burnt. The incendiary, a black girl, was hung. — Ed.] 

184. Mar. 1, '80. The Grand Duke was a guard ship at 
City Island a fortnight ago. — Con. Gaz. 

185. June 10, '80, Riv. £6 reward. Stolen. May 26, a sor- 
rel mare, &c., out of the pasture of Edmund Pinfold. 

186. July 19, '80. Simcoe crossed the Sound to Flushing, 
on his way to Huntington. — {See 205.) 

187. Strayed from the camp of the guards at White Stone, 
Aug. 16, '80, an iron-grey gelding. Game, Aug. 28. 

188. Aug. 18, 'SO. Con. Gaz. There are 9,000 troops at 
White Stone and Westchester. 

189. Sept. 15, '80. Con. Gaz. By a gentleman from 
Long Island we are informed the main army of the British lay 
at Flushing, from White Stone to Jamaica, two regiments of 
Hessians at Jamaica, and the light infantry at Huntington : 
provisions very scarce, especially salt, and it was very sickly. 

190. Riv., Oct. 11, '80. Five guineas reward. Stolen or 
strayed, Oct. 5, from the farm of Daniel Bowne, now occupied 
by Col. Isaac Corsa,* a light bay gelding, &c. 

* Col. Corsa essentially contributed to the capture of Fort Fronfenac, 
now Kingston, Aug 27,1758. He volunteered with his Long Island 
men to erect a battery on the night of Aug. 26, in the midst of the ene- 
my's fire, which opening in the morning, cannonaded the fort and pro- 
jduced the surrender. The Col. received a slight wound. 

In the first detachment of 440 men was Capt. Daniel Wright, of 
Queens. 

In the second detachment, of CG8 men, was " Lieut. Col. Isaac Corsa, 
of Queens, Maj. Nathaniel Woodhull, of Suffolk, and Capt. Richard 
Hewlett, of Queens." Why has not justice been done to the services 
rendered by Queens county in the old French war ? — Ed. 



146 ARMKD OCCUPATION. 

191. Nov. 27, '80. Gaine. To be sold, a healthy negro man 
and woman, neither in the least infatuated with a desire of 
obtaining freedom by flight, which so unhappily reigns through- 
out the generality of slaves at present. 

David Golden, Esq., Flushing. 

192. Feb. 3, '81, Riv. Stolen, strayed, or taken up by an 
impress warrant, when the troops moved from Flushing, a bay 
mare, &c. Whoever brings her to John Rodman's house, 
Bay Side, shall have $2 reward from John Thurman. 

193. March 20, '81. Three companies of regular troops 
on Long Island. The forts on the north garrisoned by militia.* 

* There was a small fort at White Stone, east of the creek, at Bo- 
gart's Point, on a steep bank. Boats were overhauled here. The militia 
from Jamaica went over in squads of six or eight, and stood guard a 
fortnight or so, when they were relieved by others. The sentries suffered 
from the cold, as no fire was allowed in the fort, on account of the pow- 
der stored there. After the officer had gone the rounds, the sentinels 
would sometimes quit their post and repair to a neighboring tavern. 
Stephen Higbie, sergeant, went with a guard to White Stone. He had 
left his post to warm and smoke in the tavern, when Col. Hamilton sud- 
denly came in, and knocking the pipe out of Hi^bie's mouth, and point- 
ing a pistol at his breast, cried out, " Are you a d — d old Presbyterian or 
noti" " No." " 'Tis well you said no, or I'd a blown your brains out. 
Now I've some hopes of you." — Ed. 

194. April 9, '81, Gaine. A few nights ago some whale 
boats from New Rochelle came over to Flushing Bayside and 
plundered several houses : among the rest, that of Mr. John 
Thurman, merchant of this city. 

195. A. Hamilton, Col. Commandant of. Queens county 
militia, and Aid-de-Camp to his Excellency Gen. Robertson, 
in the name of the gentleman, the farmer, and of every indi- 
vidual of Flushing, thanks Lieut. Col. Loewenstein, of the 3d 
battalion Hessian Grenadiers, for the protection of their pro- 
perty ; and wish the corps every success, honor and happiness. 

Innerwick, April 29, 1781. 

196. May 21, '81. J. Holroyd thanks the gentlemen of 
the army and navy, and informs them that he has opened the 
dueen's Head, at Flushing. 



FLUSHING. 147 

197. June 20, '81, Riv. Thomas Hicks [Little Neck] a 
fortnight ago was robbed of law books, and vecy considerable 
property : and several whale boats were lately in Flushing 
Bay. 

198. July 23, '81. Washington went on Frog's Neck to 
see what communication could be had with Long Island. The 
engineers attended with their instruments, to measure the dis- 
tance across. A few harmless shot were fired [from the fort 
at White Stone?] — Sparks, viii, 112. 

199. Aug. 13, '81, Gaine. Thursday night eight rebel whale 
boats made their appearance at Bayside, and some of them 
landed a few men. But as they did not like the appearance of 
things, the country being very soon alarmed, they did no harm, 
speedily re-embarked and made the best of their way to the 
rebel shore. They carried off nothing, and said they only 
wanted a few prisoners. 

200. April 20, '82, Riv. 150 guineas reward. On the night of 
Ap'l 11a most wicked and flagitious murder was committed at 
the widow Taiman's house, at the mill, four miles east of Flush- 
ing, [now J. P. Carll's J by several people armed with pistols 
and bludgeons, and their faces blacked, on James Hedger. 
Wearing apparel in large quantities. £200 in specie, and silver 
plate, were carried off. Any accomplice except the one who 
fired the shot that slew the innocent, will be pardoned (if he 
give evidence) and receive 100 guineas reward from A. Ham- 
ilton, Col. Commandant of Q,ueens county, at Innerwick. 

Whoever will discover any part of the goods in the posses- 
sion of any person, shall receive 50 guineas, and the informer's 
name concealed, if desired.* 

* Hedger, a miller and sportsman, was twice engaged with robbers. 
The first time, he heard a noise and found two men choking his sister. 
They left her and fell foul of him, beating him on the head with their 
pistols. He disengaged himself and ran in a back room for his gun. 
Thinking he meant to escape, they ran around to the back door; but 
Hedger was too bold for that. He stood ready with his gun, and as they 
returned and were entering the front door he fired — it was moonlight. 
The foremost was wounded in the throat, and fell dead in the doorway. 
The other ran oft', having his face spotted with shot, and left their horses 



148 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

in an adjoining swamp, where they were discovered three days after, 
tied to a tree. He was subsequently detected at Southhold, and received 
one thousand lashes, save one. The body of the dead man (Silby, of the 
60th regiment, others say one of the 17th dragoons) was hung in an 
iron frame on a gibbet, on the Plains north of Hempstead, and his regi- 
ment paraded before it. Tiie creaking of the iron, as it swung to and 
fro by the wind, would often alarm the nightly traveller. 

The second time, April 11, 1782, Hedger heard a noise and opened 
the door to call his dog, but as he was shutting it the robbers fired and 
lodged a ball in his body. He ran for his gun, but dropped dead in the 
middle of the room. Nothing was heard of the robbers for some time, 
when a soldier, Perrot, being under guard for some offence, expressed an 
anxious desire to have a few words with his commanding officer. He 
then made a full disclosure of the robbery and murder. His five accom- 
plices suspecting what was going on, fled instantly ; but three of them 
were detected at Lloyd's Neck. They were grenadiers of the 38th and 
54th regiments, then lying at Flushing, and were brought in irons to the 
camp, on Charles Cornell's land, Flushing, so fatigued with the heat and 
journey that their tongues lolled out as they lay down, while their con- 
ductor went for a pail of grog. They were tiied at Bedford, whither the 
regiments had removed, and two. Tench and Porter, hung on a chesnut 
tree on land late of Francis Skillman. Cunningham and his mulatto 
were the executioners. The criminals, dressed in white, mounted a 
ladder, and so both swung off on one branch. — Ed. 

201. May 1, '82, Riv. Address presented to Lieut. Col. A. 
Bruce, of the 5ith regiment, coynmanding the 2Sth and 5ith 
in their winter quarters, at Flushing. 

Impelled by a recollection of the quiet and security we have 
enjoyed during your residence in this town, permit us to make 
a public acknowledgment of your vigilant attention, and of the 
honor and politeness of your officers ; and of the orderly and 
decent behavior of the soldiers of the 38th and 54th regiment, 
under your command in this district. 

When we declare, sir, that throughout the winter no occa- 
sion has been given for murmuring or complaints ; that an 
exemplary conformity to orders and regulations has been 
observed both by officers and soldiers, we testify a fact that has 
given us the most lively impression of the honor of the regi- 



FLUSHING. 149 

ment, and of your attention to the interests of government and 

his Majesty's service. 

Signed by forty-seven respectable inhabitants of Flushing, 

April 27.* 

* Lieut. Col. Bruce replies, April 30, from his quarters at Bedford, 
that he has merely fulfilled the wish of his sovereign and the orders of 
his commander-in-chief. — Ed. , 

202. July 3, '82. Riv. Five guineas reward. A grey 
mare stolen or strayed from the grenadier camp, on Ireland 
Heights, near Flushing. 1st battalion British grenadiers. 

203. Aug. 7, '82. Riv. Presentation of colors, Thursday, 
Aug. 1, to the King's Am. Dragoons, under Col. Benj. Thomp- 
son, [afterwards Count Rumford, see Thompson i., 478.] at 
camp, about three miles east of Flushing, [on land of A. Fish, 
now James Lawrence,] consisting of four complete troops 
mounted, and two dismounted. The regiment was formed on 
advantageous ground in front of the encampment, having a 
gentle declivity to the south, with two pieces of light artillery 
on the right. About sixty yards in front of the regiment was 
a canopy twenty feet high, supported by ten pillars. East of 
which was a semicircular bower for the accommodation of 
spectators. The standards were planted under the canopy. 

At one o'clock the Prince,* with Admiral Digby, Gen. 
Birch, Hon. Lieut. Col. Fox, of 38th, and Lieut. Col. Small, 
of 84th, and other officers of distinction, came on the ground 
and received the usual salutes, (the trumpets sounding and 
the music playing "God save the King,") and posted them- 
selves in the canopy. The regiment passed in review before 
the Prince, performing marching salutes. They then returned, 
dismounted and formed in a semicircle in front of the canopy. 
Their chaplain, the Rev. Mr. Odell, deliv^ered an appropriate 
address. After which the whole regiment, officers and men, 
kneeled and laid their helmets and arms on the ground, held 
up their right hands, and took a most solemn oath of allegiance 
to their sovereign and fidelity to their standard, the whole re- 
peating the oath together. The chaplain then pronounced a 
solemn benediclion. The regiment rose and returned to their 
ground and fired a royal salute. They then mounted and 



150 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

sahited the standard together. As soon as the consecrating 
and saluting the standard was over, the Prince came forward 
to the centre of the regiment, received the colors from Admiral 
Digby, and presented them with his own hand to Lieut. Col. 
Thompson, who delivered them to the eldest cornets. On a 
given signal, tlie whole regiment, with all the numerous spec- 
tators, gave three shouts, the music played " God save the 
King," the artillery fired a royal salute, and the ceremony was 
ended. t 

* Hi3 Royal Highness, Prince William Henry, their Majesties' third 
Ron, aged 18, since King Wm. IV., entered on board the Prince George, 
under Admiral Digby, in order to quahfy himself to rank in the Royal 
Navy. He also visited Lloyd's Neck. — Ed. 

t On this occasion an ox was roasted whole. He was spitted on a 
hickory sapling, twelve feet long, supported on crotches, and turned by 
hand.=;pikes. An attendant dipped a swab in a tub of salt and water to 
baste the ox and moderate the fire. Each soldier then sliced off for him- 
self a piece of the ill- cooked beef. — Ed. 

204. Some of Fanning's men got in the house of Willet 
Bowne and tied him with a bedcord to the bedpost, and then 
held a candle under the ends of his fingers, to torture him into 
a disclosure where his money was hid ; but he continued 
inflexible. 

205. Wm. Glean, on the east road from Jamaica to Flushing, 
(now W. H. Woolley's,) had eight or ten cattle stolen one 
winter. One night his safeguard heard a noise, and firing at a 
venture, killed a Hessian. 

The house of B. Areson, at Fresh Meadows, was robbed. 
One of Simcoe's men came there by day and asked for cider, 
and while the old gentleman went to draw it, he surveyed the 
premises, stole $10 from a cupboard, and returning at night, 
he carried off effects to the value of $100. They beat Mr. A, 
severely, led B. Nostrand and his father out by the well and 
held them there till the house was rifled, when they thrust them 
in and shut the door. Three of the soldiers returning for some 
booty they had concealed in the woods, were discovered, and 
complaint was made to Col. Siracoe, but no satisfaction ob- 
tained. 



JAMAICA. 151 

B. Areson had a new house, not yet finished. It and his 
barn were torn down by the Jagers for barracks, who lay one 
winter at Frame's. The Hessians also lay at Bowne's, and 
had huts back of W. Lawrence's, now S. Pierson-'s. They 
would give the driver of an impressed wagon a dram* or 
'• schnapps," and a crust of bread to eat with it. The Hessians 
were inveterate smokers and coffee drinkers. 

There were soldiers billeted along the Black Stump road. 
Ryerson's Inn was a famous stopping-place for the soldiers 
quartered on Long Island when going or returning from their 
expeditions. 

206. Feb. 7, 83, Riv. Bob, a negro, was put in the Provost 
for assaulting Mr. Jackson, of Delancey's 3d Bat., at Flushing.* 

* May, '83, Col. Robinson's corps was at the Fly. — Ed. 

207. For sale a black stallion, to be seen at the quarters of 
Capt. Millet, 34th Reg., at Flushing.— ^t>., June 7, '83. 

208. June 25, '83, Riv. All persons are forewarned to 
trust my wife' Mary, now living at Bedford, West Chester 
county. STEPHEN SMITH, 

Sergeant in the King^s Amer. Reg., head of Flushing Fly. 

209. Riv., July 3, '83. $8 reward. Stolen or strayed from 
the pasture of widow Suydam, near Flushing, a bay mare. 

Capt. JOSEPH THORNE, Brooklyn. 
JOHN VOORHIES, Flushing. 

210. July 19, '83, Riv. Any persons having demands 
against the late Lt. Steadman, 64th Reg., are desired to send 
in their accounts to Lt. Hutchinson, of the 64th Grenadiers, 
near Flushing. 

211. Ten guineas reward. Stolen from David Haviland 
and Robert Lawrence, thirty-four sheep, supposed to be put on 
board some boat from Ab'm Lawrence's Point, where they left 
a small pen standing, after catching them. Flushing, Aug. 4, 
'83, at night. 

JAMAICA. 

212. Soon after the British were established in Jamaica, a 
parcel of loyalists perched themselves in the belfry of the Pres- 



152 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

byterian church, and commenced sawing off the steeple. 
Word was brought to the pastor, the Rev. Mr. Burnet. 
Whithead Hicks, Mayor of New- York, happened to be at his 
house, and as Burnet was a loyaHst, soon put a stop to the 
oufrage. 

Mr. Burnet (who had married an Episcopalian) was the only Presby- 
terian minister in the county reputed to be a friend to government, 
and was therefore allowed to preach here during the whole war. Al- 
though he saved the church from desecration yet after the peace, party 
spirit ran so high that he was forced to leave. 

The Highlanders attended his church, and sat by themselves in the 
galleries. Some had their wives with them, and several children were 
baptized. Once when the sexton had neglected to provide water, and 
was about to go for it, the thoughtful mother called him back and drew 
a bottle of it from her pocket. 

213. The Dutch church was used as a storehouse. The 
pulpit was left, but the pews and floor were taken out and used 
for building huts and barracks for the soldiers. Here, every 
Sunday, wagons repaired, not to carry devout worshippers, 
but blaspheming soldiers to get their weekly allowance of pork, 
rum, flour, pease, &c. ; for Sunday was the chosen day for all 
extra duties. 

The Dutch occasionally worshipped by permission in the 
Episcopal church.* Domine Rubell or Schoonmaker, at distant 
intervals, making the tour of the county for that purpose, and 
marrying and baptizing all who were ready.f The alms' 
chest was buried in a sheep-pen and covered with litter, by I. 
Doxey. 

*The rector, Rev. J. Bloomer, also preached at Newtown and Flushing, 
t When the services of a domine could not be procured, the Dutch 
went to gebedf, where they sang, read prayers and a sermon. When 
Domine Rubell preached, his loyalty was evinced by the fervency of his 
prayers for " King George III., Queen Charlotte, the Princes and 
Princesses of the Royal Family, and the Upper and Lower Houses of 
Parliament." If the minister omitted this prayer, he could hardly de- 
scend the pulpit before receiving a reprimand from some one of his 
hearers. Dominie Froeleigh, pastor of the Dutch church, had been an 
ardent whig, and in his public ministrations often prayed the Almighty 
to strike the fleets of our invaders with his bolts, and sink their soldiers 



JA3IAICA. 153 

in the seas, so that they might never set hostile foot on our shores. Be- 
fore the British came to Jamaica, he had fled to Newtown, and lay con- 
cealed one night in the house of Mr. Rapalje at Hell-Gate, who set 
him across to the Main. He never returned, though a call was sent to 
him after the peace. The Dutch parsonage house opposite the Rev. Dr. 
Schoonmaker's, was occupied by the Rev. Mr. Bowden. 

214. After the British had possession of Long Island, Oliver 
Delancey. the elder, reputed the most likely person to induce 
the loyalists to join the King's troops, who had been appointed 
by Howe brigadier general of the southern colony of New- 
York, established his quarters at Jamaica, first at the parson- 
age-house of the Rev. Mr. Burnet, and afterwards at the house 
of Waters Smith, (now J. Siraonson's,) where, it is supposed, 
continued during the war. 

215. Jamaica was occupied by soldiers during the whole 
war. especially in winter, when the soldiers cantoned here after 
their summer expeditions. On the side hill, north of the vil- 
lage, were several rows of huts, extending a mile or so east 
and west, with streets between. The huts were partly sunk in 
the earth, with a rude stone fire-place and chimney of sticks 
and mortar, covered with thatch, sedge, reeds, or sods, laid 
over boards. Boards were in such demand that the old county 
hall (now Herriman's Row) and other buildings were torn 
down for building materials. Rails also were used for fuel and 
huts, till not a length of fence was left in the village ; and even 
the farmers around, took up their fence in the fall and reset it 
in the .spring.* 

Officers were quartered at Justice Smith's, (now P. P. Larre- 
more's.) and at Justice French's, (now W. Nichol's.) A guard 
of Jamaica militia (say six) stood here every night to prevent 
their being carried otf. All wagons to and from New-York 
were examined. G. J. was going to market one night, and the 
noise of his wagon prevented his hearing the challenge of the 
sentinel till he felt the bayonet between his ribs. 

The parade was between the huts and the village. The 
hospital at one time was in the huts. Here, great mortality 
prevailed, and the dead were interred so carelessly that after 
the peace their bones were seen above ground and were again 
covered. The police was at the house now J. D. P. Ogden's. 



154 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

The wood yard, north of Dr. Shelton's, was enclosed with 
a high picketed fence. Before the war tlie hills were covered 
with heavy timber, but at the peace all were bare. 

* Con. Gaz.,July 18, '83. A person from Staten Island says there 
is scarcely a panel of fence left there ; and others say it is precisely the 
case on Long Island, the rails being burnt by the soldiers. With the 
greatest difficulty the unfortunate inhabitants can even keep small en- 
closures for their cattle and flocks at night, which they arc obliged to 
watch through the day, to save their grain from destruction. 

216. Jan. 13, '77, Gaine. A grammar school is now open-i 
ing at Jamaica, by Andrew Wilson, who for some years has 
taught Latin and Greek at Morristown. Board may be pro- 
cured at Jamaica. 

217. Feb. 24, '77, Gaine. Fox chase. On Sunday, 16th 
inst., a rebel fox stole'into the town of Jamaica, supposed with 
a design to steal some poultry belonging to the friends of gov- 
ernment ; but the scent being very strong, was soon taken by 
the royal hounds, who soon opened in full cry upon him, and 
pursued him over the hills into a thick swamp, where they left 
him for the present ; but as the town has been frequently dis- 
turbed by this obnoxious animal, a sharp look out will be kept 
for him in future. [Some concealed Whig probably. — Ed.] 

218. May 8,^77. The representatives for Q,ueens county, 
appointed by the Convention tiU Q,ueens shall be in a condition 
to elect others, were Philip Edsall, Benj. Coe, B. Birdsall, and 
D. Lawrence. (See 108, and Thompson II, 493.) 

219. May 26, '77, Gaine. $4 reward. Ran away, from 
Capt. Tho's Harriot, Jamaica, South, a negro ; had on a short 
gray coat, brass buttons, brown jacket, homespun trowsers, and 
beaver hat cocked*. Masters of vessels are desired not to ship 
or carry him off. He was bred to the sea. 

220. Ju7ie 2, '77, Gaine. Lost, the pocket book of Major 
Alex. Campbell, 74th, containing two half-joes, and some small 
money, which the finder is welcome to, and $2 reward. 

221. June 14, '77. Rev. Mr. Hart, of Huntington, is in Ja- 
maica jail for his bold avowal of whig principles. 

222. Col. Graydon, a prisoner on parole, at Flatbush, who 



JAMAICA. 155 

had permission to dine with Alexander Wallace, at Jamaica, in 
the spring of '77, thus describes his visit : 

" Upon our first arrival at Jamaica, after putting up our horses at an 
inn, we cor.ciuded to take a ramble through the town before we went to 
Mr. Wallace's. We had accordingly strolled to nearly the end of the 
main street, when we observed a soldier coming after us. Approaching 
with due military etiquette, he gave us to understand he came by order 
of Col. Fanning, who desired to speak with us at his quarters. We im- 
mediately returned with him to the colonel, who informed us that he pre- 
sumed we were prisoners ; and if so, as we were without our limits, he 
conceived it his duty to inquire into the cause of it. We told him we 
came to dine with Mr. Wallace, who had obtained permission for us from 
the commissary of prisoners. Had we any certificate of it ? he asked. 
We replied. No, as we relied on Mr. Wallace. Finding he still seemed 
to consider it dubious, we thought it time to assert ourselves a little, and 
told him it was a matter of the utmost indifference to us what part he 
might adopt. After a moment's consideration, he thought proper to dis- 
miss us. This Mr. Fanning had been secretary of Gov. Tryon, and now 
commanded a regiment of new levies stationed here. 

" Mr. Wallace entertained us with much hospitality, and to show 
that this civility was not to be considered in any degree as a toleration of 
our principles, his son, a boy of seven or eight years of age, came into 
the room, and his father, putting a glass of wine into his hand, asked 
him what he drank? ' Church and King,' replied the little fellow in an 
audible voice. I had recently contemplated becoming an Episcopalian, 
yet the sentiment appeared to me selfish and degrading in the extreme." 

223. Sep. 1, '77, Gaine. We have thepleasure to acquaint 
the people that the little town of Jamaica has contributed, to 
the encouragement of the new corps raised in the Province at 
the request of Gov. Tryon, £219, delivered by Joseph French, 
Esquire. 

224. Oct. 6, '77, Gaine. The Jamaica new stage wagon 
will set off from Hope Mills' at 7, on Monday, Wednesday and 
Saturday mornings, for Brooklyn ferry, and return on the same 
days. For freight or pas.sagc, apply to the public's humble 
servant, HOPE MILLS. 

N. B. All letters and newspapers proper care will be 
taken of. 

225. Riv., Dec. 6, '77. A guineaand charges paid. Stolen 



156 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

or strayed in the night of Nov. 20, from the pasture of the Rev. 
Mr. Bowden. in Jamaica, a dark gray mare. 

Mr. BETTS, Innkeeper. 

226. At a town meeting at Jamaica, Nov. '77, to provide 
firewood and other necessary articles for the use of the hospi- 
tal and guard-house in Jamaica, [where were they?] it was 
voted, 1st. That all who have soldiers billeted on thern be ex- 
cepted. 2dly. That the following be appointed trustees for the 
above purpose, viz. : John Polhemus, lor the Western District ; 
John Lamberson and John Doughty, for Springfield; Jacamiah 
Valentine, for the Eastern District; Dowe Ditmars, for the 
Southern District. 3dly. That Edward Willets be appointed to 
inspect the wood and give certificates. — Town Recoy^ds. 

227. Dec. 6, '77, Riv. $20 reward. Lost, two black mares, 
&c. JACOB SMITH, at Jamaica, Capt. 

1st Conip., 1st Bat., Delancifs Brigade. 

228. Dec. 27, '77. The 1st battalion of Gen. Frazer is to 
be quartered at Jamaica. — Riv. 

229. Jan. 31, '78, Riv. Stolen or strayed, from the pasture 
of Dr. Charlton of Jamaica, a black mare, cfcc. 

230. Riv., Mar. 28, '78. To be sold, by Edward Willet, of 
Jamaica, 12,000 acres of land in the Patent of Minisink, also a 
first rate negro wench with two very fine children. 

231. Light Dragoons. All gentlemen volunteers, who are 
disposed to serve his Majesty in Capt. Kinlock's troop of light 
dragoons, now raising on Long Island, are desired to repair 
to his quarters at Jamaica,* where they will find good encour- 
agement, together with an horse, clothing, and proper accou- 
trements, and enter immediately on the same pay with the 
British dragoons. None need apply but those of good charac- 
ter.— i?ir.. May 2. '78. 

* He lay on a hill north of Miss Rowlands'. 

232. Jane 29, '78, Gaine. $3 reward. Stole or strayed out 
of the pasture of Tho's Harriot, Jamaica South, May 15, a 
mouse-colored cow and two yearlings, with the broad arrow 
marked on each. 

233. July, '78. Wm. Betts keeps the tavern, sign of Gen, 



JAMAICA. 157 

Amherst, formerly kept by John Comes, opposite the meeting- 
house. 

234. Riv., Aug. 29. '78. Tho's Rochford has taken the 
house, late of Wm. Betts, and informs the gentlemen of the 
army and nav)^, and inhabitants of New-York, that they 
can have breakfasts and dinners on the shortest notice. He 
has laid in an assortment of liquors of the best quality. 

235. Oct, 14, '78, Gaine. The races at Capt. Polhemus's, 
New Lots, are changed to Jamaica; purse 20 guineas. 

236. Dec. 7, '78, Gaine. Capt. F. Graham, of 37th Grena- 
jdiers, died of apoplexy at Jamaica, 

237. Dec. 8, '78, Holt. A gentleman from Long Island says 
there are 400 dragoons at Hempstead, 150 at Lloyd's Neck, 
470 at Oyster Bay, 1,500 [foot?] at Jamaica, 200 yagers at 
Flushing, 350 at Newtown, 3,000 on board British fleet under 
Gen. Campbell, 200 at the ferry, and 3.000 on New- York 
Island.* 

* New Haven, Jan. 6, '79. We hear about 1,500 of the enemy's 
troops, and 400 or 500 of their light-horse, wagon horses, &,c., are quar- 
tered on the inhabitants of Long Island. 

238. Feb. 27, '79, Riv. $10 reward. Stolen in the night 
of Feb. 24, out of the stable of Major Bowden, at Jamaica, a 
eorrel horse, his mane lying on the mounting side, &c. 

JOHN BOWDEN, 

239. Feb. 27, '79, Gaine. $Q reward. Run away, Tom. 
He had on a dark gray short coat, belt waistcoat, yellow metal 
buttons, buff breeches, white worsted stockings, 'Tis thought 
he will try to go out in some privateer. 

B. SMITH, Jamaica. 

240. Ap. 7. '79. Riv. A horse for sale at the parsonage, 
[Mr. Bloomer's,] formerly W. Creed's, one mile west of Jamaica. 

241. Ap. 13, '79. It is said the British troops on Long 
Island are commanded by Gen. Vuughan. 

242. Loosely and Elms propose to run a CARAVAN to 
Jamaica and back to Brooklyn ferry, on Tuesdays, Thursdays, 
and Sundays, — Riv., May 26, '79. 

8 



168 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

243. Ju. 17, '79, Riv. Rochford has quit the tavern, sign 
of Gen. Amherst, and opened the Q,ueen's Head, at the house 
lately occupied by Gen. Skinner, first house north side of the 
street above the Enghsh church, [now Dr. Shelton's.] He is 
grateful to the gentlemen of the army and navy, &c. 

244. July 10, '79, Riv. Wm. Betts has opened the tavern, 
formerly John Coombs's, sign of Gen. Amherst, opposite the 
meeting-house, where he has provided choice liquors. Din- 
ners on the shortest notice, and good stabling. 

245. Sep. 15, '79, Riv. Died, at Jamaica, aged 40. George 
Brewerton, 2d Bat., Delancey's Brigade. When young, he 
was Col. of a New- York regiment at the reduction of Havana, 
(Aug. 14, 1762,) universally beloved, and his death greatly 
lamented. 

246. Oc?. 16, '79. Jamaica races. 20 guineas, three heats ; 
twice round the course, at Beaver Pond, to each heat. 

247. Tickets for the Jamaica Accession Ball, Oct. 25, '79, 
for the inhabitants and officers quartered there, are issuing at 
the Queen's Head and Gen. Amherst. A grand band of music 
will be wanted. 

[George lll.'s accession to the throne took place Oct. 25, 
\im.—Ed.'] 

248. Loyal Refugees recruiting at Betts's tavern. Abm. C. 
Cuyler, Ef q.. is authorized to raise a battalion of 600 men. — 
Riv., Nov. 3, '79. 

[He was thanked at Smithtown, Jan. 31, '81, when he left 
for England.— i;f/.] 

249. Mar. 18, '80. A munificent entertainment was given by 
Lord Rawdon, Col. of the volunteers of Ireland, to his regi- 
ment, quartered at Jamaica, in honor of St. Patrick, tutelar 
Baint of that kingdom. Song by Barny Thompson, piper to 
the regiment, tune Langolee : 

Success to the shamrogue, and all those who wear it, 

rte honor their portion wherever they go, 
May riches attend them, and store of good claret, 

For how to employ them sure none better know. 
Every foe surveys them with terror, 

But every silk petticoat wishes them nearer, 
go Yankee keep off, or you'll soon learn your error, 

For Paddy shall prostrate lay every foe. 



JAMAICA. 159 

This day, but the year I can't rightly determine, 

St. Patrick the vipers did chase from this land, 
Let's see if. like him. we can't sweep off the vermin, 

Who dare 'gainst the sons of the shamrogue to stand. 
Hand in hand ! Let's carol the chorus — 

" As long as the blessings of Ireland hang o'er us, 
The crest of Rebellion shall tremble before us, 

Like brothers, while thus we march hand in hand !" 

250. 2 guineas reward. Ran away, June 4, '80, a negro 
man, Will, thick lips, had on corduroy breeches. &c. 

JOHN AMBERMAN. 

251. Last Sunday evening, was married, at the seat of 
Gen. Skinner, near Jamaica, [then Rev. A. Keteltas's, now S, 
Judd's,] Capt. Meredith, 70th Reg't, to Miss Gertrude, tliird 
daughter of Brig. Gen. Skinner, a young lady whose mental 
and personal accomplishments promise the most permanent fe- 
licity.— Jm. 14, 'SO. 

252. Three days ago, Capt. W. Dickson, commander of 
one of the New- York volunteer companies, was unfortunately 
drowned while bathing in a pond in the neighborhood of Ja- 
maica, whither the corpse was brought and interred on Mon- 
day evening, attended by Major Small and the officers of the 
regiment of Royal Highland Emigrants stationed there. — Ju. 
17, '80, Gaine. 

253. The American officers were admitted to parole in the 
pleasant village of Jamaica, till July 10, '80, when, having 
previously broken their parole, and otherwise behaved so badly, 
it was refused them. Sproat. — Feb. 12, '81, Gaine. 

254. Aug. 23. '80, Riv. Run away from Jamaica, a large 
fat young wench, with three cuts on each cheek, late from 
Charleston. Whoever sends her to Col. Linsing, or Ray & 
Fitzsimmons, merchants, Jamaica, shall have $5 reward and 
charges. 

255. In the fall of 1780, a British half pay officer, Crowe, or 
Crowell, quartered at John Montanye's, on the Rockaway 
road, at Foster's meadow, (a large house burnt down a few 
years ago.) sent his servant to Derick Amberman's mill for flour, 
The miller, half-joking, bid the servant tell his master to send 
money with hi« bag next time, as he could trust him no longer. 



160 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

Crowe had been drinking and was ready for violence. In com- 
pany with a brother officer, (a guest of his, from New Jersey, 
Maj. Stockton, quartered at Uriah Piatt's,) he rode down to tlie 
mill, half a mile distant, called the miller out, and commenced 
beating him on the head with a loaded whip. A wagon now 
came along with several persons in it, and they were ordered 
in the KING'S NAME lo stand, and so great was their terror 
that they dared give no assistance to the miller. 

His eldest daugliter, Sarah, being informed by a lad at the 
wood-pile of what was going on, ran out, and seeing her father 
warding off the blows with a piece of board, picked up a bit of 
rail and made at the assailant. They bid her keep off, or they 
would throw her in the pond, which Ihey tried to do. She es- 
caped, however, and returned to the charge, but could not as- 
sist her father. 

Crowe kept beating him till he fell, when Stockton came up 
and run him through. The wounded man then made for the 
house, but was unable to ascend the steps — the stoop is still stand- 
ing — when his daughter assisted him and led him into the back 
room, where he fell on the floor saying, " The villains have 
made a dead man of me." 

His wife had been visiting at a neighbor's, and saw the 
whole transaction, and reached home only in time to take her 
husband's head on her lap, when he gasped once or twice and 
expired. The alarm was soon spread, when Tunis Covert, Ser- 
jeant, with a few militia, hastened to Crowe's quarters, rushed 
on the officers before they covild fire — it was now dark — arrested 
them as they were mounting their horses to escape, bound them 
and carried them back to the mill. They were put under guard 
at Jamaica that night, and subsequently taken to Bedford for 
trial. A coroner's jury had rendered a verdict of wilful mur- 
der. But the question arose, which wound caused the death ? 
The body was disinterred and a second jury summoned. The 
surgeon who opened the body was of the opinion, that, though 
there was a huge swelling on the forehead, occasioned by the 
blows of the whip, he died of the stab ; the sword had passed 
within an inch of the heart. 

It is not known what became of the offenders, but it is sup- 
posed they were acquitted. 



JAMAICA. 161 

It is said that an Irish officer, McNeil, in a quarrel af- 
terwards at Nova Scotia, upbraided Stockton with this murder, 
and challenged him at the sword. 

256. Riv., Sept. 6, '80. Last Sunday night, died at Jamaica , 
of a very painful illness, Dr. Jacob Ogden, aged 59. Through 
a long course of successful practice, he acquired an extensive 
and respectable acquamtance, who valued him for a goodness 
of heart, which marks the honest and benevolent man. 

257. Sept. 11, '80, Gaine. Died at Jamaica, aged 75, Capt. 
Benj. Whitehead, supervisor. His attachment to government 
involved him in many difficulties, which he bore with the great- 
est fortitude. 

258. Sept. 22, '80. The dueen's Rangers marched from 
Oyster Bay to Jamaica, and crossed from Long Island to Rich- 
mond redoubts, Staten Island, Oct. 8. 

259. Oct. 25, '80, Riv. John Waller, Esq., Major of bri- 
gade to Brig. Gen. Delancey, died of fever at Jamaica. 

260. Feb. 12, '81, Gaine. Mrs. Marsh's place [now J. A. 
King's] tor sale. It lies on the Main-street, bounded east by the 
cemetery of the English church, and west by the Dutch par- 
sonage, (now occupied by the Rev. Mr. Bowden.) west by land 
of widow Banks. Inquire of Rev. John Sayre, New-Vork. 

261. Riv., March, '81. B. Creed's Jamaica and Brooklyn- 
Hall Stage Machine, 6s. a passage ; not answerable for money, 
plate and jewels, unless entered and paid for. 

262. April 7. '81, Riv. To be let. a commodious house and 
garden, in possession of Tho's Rochford, 4 rooms on the lower 
floor, 3 on 2d floor. 

263. May 12, '81. Riv. Rochford, of the dueen's Head, has re- 
moved to the house containing 8 rooms, lately occupied by John 
Livingston, [now R. J. Snedeker's.] He begs leave to inform 
the ladies and gentlemen that he has an elegant garden with 
arbors, bowers, alcoves, grottos, naids, dryads, hamadryads, 
&c., &c. 

He has a stock of good liquor.s, and can at anytime furnish 
genteel dinners. The ladies and gentlemen who choose to 
make an excursion to the pleasant village of Jamaica, remarka- 



102 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

ble for the salubrity of its air, may depend on good cheer and 
the utmost attention. 

264. $10 reward. Run away from Ray & Fitzsimons, 
merchants, two miles beyond Jamaica, [now I. G. Carpenter's,] 
a negro, Hercules, apt to stutter on a surprise, had on velvet 
plush breeches, &c. ; and a wench, young and lusty, with three 
scars on each cheek, from the southward. Riv., May 16, '81. 

265. July 7, '81. An express from the Keppel* sloop left a 
bay horse at the house of Capt. Nicholas Ludlam, [now D. I. 
Ditmis's,] Jamaica, for which no owner has yet appeared. 

[*The Keppel took some whaleboatmen near Setauket. — Ed.] 

266. Jan. 5, '82, Riv. Lt. Steadman, of the 64th company 
of grenadiers, fell from his horse on the road from Jamaica to 
Brooklyn. The corpse was interred in the church yard of Ja- 
maica, with military honors, attended by the officers of both 
battalions of grenadiers. 

All persons having demands against Lt. Steadman will send 
them to Capt. Symondson, 64th grenadiers, Jamaica. 

267. April 24, '82, Riv. Address of the loxjal inhabitants of 

Foster^s Meadow and Springfield., to the British Legion, on 

leaving their district : 

We, the loyal inhabitants within the districts of Foster's 

Meadow and Springfield, impressed with the deepest sense of 

gratitude and esteem, beg leave to approach you and return you 

our most sincere thanks for your kind attention to our interests 

during your winter residence within our districts. We beg leave 

to assure you of our best wishes wherever your duty calls ; and 

it is our most fervent prayer that the Almighty may take you 

under his protection in the day of battle. 

GAPHINEAH SPOONER, 
In behalf of 26 most respectable inhabitants. 

Reply of the British Legion. 
Gentlemen : — During the unhappy differences between 
Great Britain and her colonies, it ever has been our study to 
attend to the private interests of every virtuous citizen of Amer- 
ica. We return you our thanks, and sincerely wish your fields 



JAMAICA. 163 

may yield you a most plentiful harvest, and your flocka may 
bring forth in abundance, to the mutual interest of the army 
and inhabitants.* 

* Soldiers were billeted at almost every house in Foster's Meadow 
and Springfield. There was much robbery, thieving and disorder. 

The wagoners were billeted in Springfield, sometimes 20 horses in a 
barn In a lot south of Capt. Grant's (now Ab'm Higbie's) was a hay 
magazine, constantly guarded to keep off incendiaries. Another hay 
magazine and the King's stables (that would hold 100 wagoners' horses), 
were at Samuel Doughty's, (now Jacob Bergen's,) Jamaica South. The.se 
wagons were drawn by four horses, single breasted, and driven without 
reins. They probably came from Pennsylvania. 

The farmeis put off the poorest salt-hay (meadow drift, &c.) on the fo- 
rage masters, while the best they would cart home by a circuitous route, 
to escape observation, and hide it under refuse stuff in their barns. — Ed. 

268. May 22, '82, Biv. The grenadiers, 17th dragoons, and 
other corps on Long Island, were reviewed by Sir G. Carlton. 

269. May 18, '82, Biv. All persons having demands against 
Lieutenant Colin Campbell, 74th regiment light infantry, at 
Jamaica, will lodge their claims with Capt. Colquhoun, 74th 
grenadiers. 

270. May 25, '82, Biv. Alex. Macauley & Co. intend 
removing from Jamaica. 

271. April 5, '82, Biv. Malcolm Morrison, at Jamaica, 
failed : also Rochford, inn-keeper, 

272. June 12, '82. $10 reward. Run away, a negro boy 
Frank, took a pale blue broadcloth coat and jacket and a new 
castor hat. It is imagined he intends going on board some 
privateer. Douwe Ditmars. 

273. July 20, '82. To be sold by auction, at Jamaica, July 
27, sundry damaged provisions, consisting of pork, peas and 
butter. 

274. Aug. 21, '82. Piano, mahogany chairs, phaeton, &c., 
at vendue, at Capt. Wm. Wade's, Jamaica, opposite Bctts' 
tavern, he intending for Ireland per first fleet. 

275. Oct. 3, '82. New flying machine, on steel springs, 
Thursday, Sunday and Tuesday, from Brooklyn, at 8 o'clock, 



164 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

to Jamaica, and return same evening. Breakfasitmg at Brook- 
lyn Hall, stage mornings. 

276. Oct. 19, '82. To be run for, around Beaver Pond, a 
purse of £50 : the best two in three one-mile heats, free for 
any horse except Mercury, Slow and Easy and Goldfinder. 
One guinea entrance, to be paid at the sign of the " King's 
Arms," Jamaica. 

277. March 17, '83. For sale, a lot of ground in Jamaica, 
near the Presbyterian church, owing to the present times out 
of fence. It lies 50 feet along Church Lane, 40 feet front and 
rear. The owner going to England. 

278. March 17, '83. At public auction, the whole stock of 
Hart & Chaloner, (failed,) at their store, Jamaica. Dry 
goods, china and earthen ware, and some groceries. 

279. March 31, '83. The partnership of Cunningham. 
Scott, & Co., of Jamaica, is dissolved : remaining stock to be 
sold very reasonable. 

280. April 12, '83. Biv. To be sold by auction, upwards 
of 200 excellent dragoon horses, in high condition, belonging 
to cavalry officers : at Brooklyn, April 14, 40 horses ; Jamaica, 
April 15, 40 horses ; at the wind-mill, on Hempstead Plains, 
April 16, 40 horses; at Huntington, April 14, 15 and 16, 80 
horses ; at Richmond, April 16, 40 horses. 

281. The widow Mills, upper end of Springfield, had a 
vendue, and was supposed to have money in her possession. 
As some robbers broke in her front door, the Avidow, though 
she could scarcely move before, was nimble enough to escape 
by a back passage unobserved, and rallied her neighbors, who 
at a cautious distance fired into the house at the robbers, who 
scampered out pell-mell, and not one was seized. One of the 
robbers (who was a neighbor) asked a lad in bed if he knew 
him. The aflVighted little fellow luckily replied in the nega- 
tive, and so saved his life. 

As the inmates of the house told the robbers (to get rid of 
them) that Capt. N. Ludlam had their money, the Capt. felt 
apprehensive of a like visit, and obtained an order from the 
commandant at Jamaica to set a patrol from his house (now 



JAMAICA. 165 

D. I. Ditmis's) to Box's tavern, and thence to Amberman's gate, 
Rockaway road. The alarm signal was one discharge, a 
pause, then two in quick succession. One man was shot by 
this patrol. 

'Squire B. Everitt, (now H. Story's,) treasurer of the Pres- 
byterian church, heard a knocking at his door, which he open- 
ed, when he was knocked down and severely beaten, to make 
him disclose his money. He said he had but little ; and this, 
crawling to his chest, he gave the robbers. 

282. One Sunday night, the latter part of the war, the 
house of Wm. Ludlam, Bog Lots, was robbed of linen, cloth- 
ing, &c. A sum of money hid behind the chimney escaped 
notice. The robbers surrounded the house and broke in a 
panel of the door with a stone. The old man sprung up, but 
they sent him to bed again, laid their muskets across the bed, 
and bid all lay quiet. 

John Williamson was robbed of £300, hid under the hearth- 
stone, which he disclosed after the torture of hot coals. 

The next night, (say April, 1783,) the same gang, in the 
absence of their leader, Huddleston, having found the house 
door too strong, broke into the kitchen of Wm. Creed,* (since 
T. Van Wickien's,) where a Highlander slept as a safeguard. 
Him they bid lay still, as they did not intend to harm him. 
They then passed into the room where Mr. Creed lay sick with 
rheumatism. They discovered him by the flash of his carbine, 
which they grappled, and hauled him out of bed and abused 
him. Thereupon the Highlander came to the rescue with his 
broadsword, and cut open the skull of the sentry. Another 
grasped his sword and had his fingers cut off as it was drawn 
through. During the scuffle. Creed's son came down stairs, 
and was engaged in the melee. The robbers were finally 
beaten off, when the Highlander proposed they should go out 
and see if any wounded or dead lay around the house. They 
discovered one. Humans, by the well, with his entrails protrud- 
ing. He had on W. Ludlam's Sunday shoes, with silver 
buckles, which implicated liim in that robbery. Finding his 
end near, he made a full confession of this and previous crimes 
to his commanding officer. A secret cave in the woods back 



166 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

of Jamaica was searched, and all who had been robbed came 
forward and picked out their lost property. McDraw, the 
guard, received a liberal contribution from the spectators, who 
assembled at Creed's next morning. 

* W. Creed was a whig, and suffered accordingly. A neighbor led 
some soldiers to his house, who took his three cows. His wife begged 
them to leave them, as they afforded the only sustenance she and her 
children could get. The reply was, " Why, madam, they belong to the 
Crown," and off they went. At another time a number of light-horse 
were turned into his oats to graze, just as it was in head. He had a 
great quantity of wood cut off for fuel and building huts. He had a 
great many horses stabled in his barn, and a neighbor, a loyalist, kept 
carting away the manure for years. His daughter, however, watched 
from a window, and kept account of the number of loads. At the peace 
Creed sent in his bill, and the whole amount was paid. 

283. To be let, a large and commodious dwelling, at Ja- 
maica, in which Michael Price (who intends for England) 
now keeps a store. The first stand for business, except New- 
York, within the British hnes. April 28, 1783. 

284. April 28, '83. To be sold or let, the house and gar- 
den lately occupied by Widow Harris, Jamaica, on the road 
leading to Flushing, and opposite the English church, [rear of 
Dr. Shelton's.] 

285. June 28, '83. To be run for, Wednesday next, around 
Beaver Pond, a purse of 100 guineas, by the noted mare Calf 
Skin and the noted horse Leotley, from Boston. 

286. Several horses of the 17th light dragoons to be sold 
at Jamaica, July 19, 1783. 

287. Aug. 8, '83. For sale, the noted "White Store" of 
Alex. Haire, at Little Plains, one of the best situations for busi- 
ness on the island. John Remsen. 

288. Riv., Sept. 13, '83. Those loyalists who enrolled 
themselves in Capt. John Polhemus's company, lor Annapolis 
Royal, are informed the ship is ready to receive them. Those 
who neglect complying with this notice will be precluded a 
passage at the expense of government. 



NORTH HEMPSTEAD. 167 



NORTH HEMPSTEAD. 



289. Gaine, Feb. 15, '77. A few evenings ago four boats 
full of men came over from Rye to the opposite shore on Long 
Island, and carried off a sloop laden with poultry and other 
things for New- York market. The fog was so thick that the 
guard, which is constantly kept on shore, did not perceive them. 
One man was taken in the sloop. 

290. March 24, '77, Gaine. Last week a rebel privateer 
came out of Byram river, and took a boat coming to town with 
wood and some other small matters, from Long Island. 

291. Fishkill, May 22, '77. We are informed 200 wagons 
have lately been sent from Long Island to the enemy's head 
quarters, at Brunswick, to remove baggage, 

292. It was not unusual for families within the British 
lines to be exchanged for those without, but as it gave op- 
portunity for conveying intelligence to the enemy, it proba- 
bly was exercised with great caution. — Ed. 

Head Quarters, PeekskiU, April 16, '77. Permission is 
hereby granted Peter Corney to obtain an exchange of his fur- 
niture and effects for those of Mr. B. Birdsall, of Oyster Bay ; 
and Mr. Proctor's, for those of Zcbulon Seaman, of Long Island. 
ALEX. McDOUGAL, B. General. 

I certify, that the families of B. Birdsall and Zebulon Sea- 
man, with their furniture, effects and provisions, may be per- 
mitted to pass to PeekskiU, in exchange for Peter Corney and 
W. Proctor, with their families, furniture, effects and provis- 
ions. ROB'T PIGOTT, M. G. 

New-York, April 16, '77. 

We, the subscribers, do certify that Peter Corney has 
shown us the above permission, and has offered to procure a 
flag of truce and escort us and our families to PeekskiU, with 
our apparel, furniture, effects and provisions, and there deliver 
us to our husbands ; but as we find it inconvenient to remove, 
not being able to support the expense, and are here in a state 



168 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

of security, unmolested by the King's troops, we must decline 
the offer. FREELOVE BIRDSALL, 

Benj. Seaman, \ t t 

Clement C. Clarke, \ ^^ ' 

Oyster Bay, April 21, '77. 

JEAN SEAMAN. 
MicAH Williams, \ rp ^ 
Jacob Jackson, \ 

Hempstead, April 21, '77. 

Fairfield, July 3, '77. Capt. Thorpe says, " I sailed from 
Guilford last Sabbath day, with a flag of truce to transport Mrs. 
Hannah and Miss Ruth, wife and daughter of Nicholas Brown, 
to [North] Hempstead, on Long Island, and arrived there on 
Monday ; and was informed by an officer and justice of the 
peace that they had strict orders not to permit any flag to be 
received any where on the Island, and advised me to proceed 
to the sloop Scorpion, Capt. Brown, who said I must immedi- 
ately return back and carry the women with me ; and added, 
if any more came he should treat them as spies." 

Scorpion,* off' Neiv City Island. 

No flags of truce are in future to pass between Connecti- 
cut and Long Island, without the special license of the Gene- 
ral commanding his Majesty's forces, nor any correspondence 
by letter or otherwise permitted. Flags of truce are in future 
to be consigned to New- York only. 

By order of Viscount Howe, 

PHILIP BROWN. 

* The Scorpion and her tender lay at Plum Beach in 1780, and were 
frozen in. The Chaplain had services on board every Sunday, which 
the inhabitants from the Necks were invited to attend. In 1781 she was 
used as a prison ship at the Wallabout. — Ed. 

Sept., 1777. The Governor of Connecticut permits Mrs. 
Ketcham's family and furniture to be exchanged for the wife, 
family and household furniture of W. Ritchie, at Cow Neck — 
Gen. Silliman to send a flag for that purpose, at their mutual 
expense. — Hi7iman^s Conn. 

293. Aug. 6, '77, Gaine. Last Vv'ednesday morning, two 
wood boats from Long Island, were taken by a rebel privateer 



NORTH HEMPSTEAD. K^^ 

in the Sound; near Hempstead Harbor, and carried into Nor- 
walk. 

293a. Aug. 4, '77, Gaine. 40s. reward. Taken out of the 
pasture of Timothy Smith, Hempstead Harbor, a bay mare, 
snip nose, something crooked, or turns to one nostril, a natural 
trotter, and can pace a slow travel, and canter. 

294. Sept. 12, '77, Holt. Two armed whale boats from 
Middletown, took two sloops, one at anchor in Cow Bay, of 50 
tons; another, a small craft lying in the Sound — brought safe 
into Connecticut river. 

295. Oct. 20, '77, Gaine. A whale boat with 10 men, from 
Byram River, took a wood boat (Oct. 5) from Hempstead Har- 
bor out into the Sound, and returned for two others that lay 
there ready loaded, but a few militia getting together, obliged 
them to row off with speed. 

296. April 16, '78, Holt. Last Saturday night, 15 men of 
Col. Meig's regiment, under Lt. Lay, crossed from Horse Neck 
to Long Island; and cut two sloops out of Hempstead Harbor, 
bound to New- York. One was deeply laden with wood, the 
other with vegetables, which they brought safe to Horse Neck 
and unloaded. They also took 4 prisoners. 

[Thomas Dodge was once a passenger and sat in the 
cabin when a boat was taken. Hearing a noise, he tried to 
get on deck, but found he was fastened down. He then sang 
out, •• what are you about up there ? open the door and let me 
come up, or else come down yourselveS; and let's drink for bet- 
ter acquaintance." The captors came down, and were treated 
with a bottle of spirits from Dodge's provision basket. They had 
a jolly time of it, and on Dodge's arrival at Horse Neck he 
found many old Iriends, and was allowed to return on parole, 
Avhich exempted him from the fatigues of militia duty, (which 
consisted in frequent trainings and patrolling the coast at night, ) 
till he was exchanged. — Ed.'] 

297. May 25, '78, Gaine. On Saturday evening, 16th, with 
up-sun. a boat from Connecticut, with a 4 pounder; came to 
Sands's Point, and stripped a boat that lay there of all her sails 
and rigging; and went off unmolested. 



170 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

298. Aug. 24, '78, Gaine. For sale, the sloop Christian, a 
wide flat vessel, built on Long Island, for the wood and hay 
business, 50 tons, mounts 5 swivels. 

299. Sept. 7, '78, Gaine. Stolen or strayed from the pas- 
ture of Joseph Greswold, north side of Hempstead Plains, a 
dun-colored gelding. A suitable reward will be paid by Mr. 

Nicolls. 

300. May 10, '79, Gaine. John Houlroyd begs leave to in- 
form his friends and the public in general, that he lives at the 
Three Tons, north side of Hempstead Plains, about one mile 
from Herricks, where gentlemen, travellers and others, may 
expect the best entertainment for man and horse. 

July 19. Gentlemen who choose to divert themselves in 
the plovering season, will meet with genteel treatment, and the 
best wines. 

301. May 31, 79, Gaine. A party of rebels from Connecti- 
cut came to the house of Mr. Samuel Herrold, of Hempstead 
Harbor, last Tuesday night, and robbed his shop of goods to 
the amount of about £60, and then took to their whale boats and 
rowed across the sound. 

302. July 7, '79, Gaine. Five guineas reward. Ran away 
from James Smith, Herricks, 2 negro men, Caesar and Jack, 
supposed to be with the army or on board some ship. 

303. JwneSO, ^79, Biv. Last Thursday night, about 30 rebels 
came over from Connecticut to Cow Neck in three whale boats, 
and plundered the house of Stephen Thome of many valuable 
articles, and at the same time part of them surrounded the 
house of Edward Thorne; his son, which they also rifled. For- 
tunately both these gentlemen were abroad that night, which 
prevented their being carried into captivity. In the house of 
E'd Thorne they found Capt. Lewis McDonald,* a gentleman 
banished from Bedford, West Chester county, by the rebel le- 
gislature. [He hadonce beenacoramiitee-man.] Him they rob- 
bed of such effects as their demagogues had permitted him to 
bring with him, broke open his chest, from which they extract- 
ed about £70 in gold and silver and York currency of the old 
emission, depriving him of the most valuable part of his cloth- 



NORTH HEMPSTEAD. 171 

ing, but disdained to accept of £400 in Congress dollars, of 
which they found him possessed. 

* July 19, '80, Eiv. Two half joes reward. Stolen from the pasture 
of Stephen Cornell, Hempstead, 14th inst., an iron grey horse. 

LEWIS McDOXALD. 

304. July 31, '79, Riv. About Tuesday last, Wm. Sutton, 
Esq., formerly of Maroneck, was carried otf from Cow Neck by 
a party of rebels from the Main. The guards and refugees in 
the vicinity immediately assembled to rescue him, fired on the 
whale boats in which he was prisoner, and certainly did execu- 
tion, as several of the rebels were seen to drop. 

305. Aug. 25, '79, Riv. On Monday morning last, between 
12 and 2, a party of rebels under A. Cornell, plundered the 
houses of Col. and Judge Ludlow, at Hempstead Plains. They 
landed, it is supposed, upwards of 50 men from seven whale- 
boats, at the west side of Cow Neck, [at Mitchell's Landing.] 
and proceeded with 30 of their gang on this piratical business. 
As Col. Ludlow was at Lloyd's Neck, and the Judge had the 
precaution to sleep from home, [or as some say, to escape 
through the scuttle to the roof and hide behind a chimney.] 
they failed in one part of their errand. In the other they but 
too well succeeded, and by dint of expedition, got off with their 
booty. [They seized and rode the horses of A. O., and to 
avoid observation, left the road, threw down fences, and went 
across lots. The design in carrying off the Col. and Judge was 
to exchange them for Whig prisoners of equal rank. — Ed.'] 

306. Oct. 2, '79, Riv. The, sloop Sally, Sept. 28, laden 
with provisions for His Majesty's sloop Swift, between City 
Island and Oyster Bay. was chased on shore by two whale 
boats, but the armed Brigantine Edward, Capt. J. Peebles, mas- 
ter, stationed in Hempstead Bay,* retook the Sally and her pro- 
visions, with a new 7 oared boat having a swivel and 11 mus- 
kets, killed 3 men and took several prisoners. [Capt. Peebles 
was himself subsequently taken by surprise, and was succeeded 
by the Ranger, which lay till the peace at the Deep Hole out- 
side the beach — Ed.'] * In June '79, she lay in the East River. 

307. Nov. 6, 1779. Riv. New Market Races, Hempstead 
Plains, on Wednesday. A purse of 20 guineas : the best of 



172 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

three two-mile circular heats. Free for any horse except Dul- 
cimore. 

Also a bet of 100 guineas, one two-mile heat, Cyrus and 
Doctor. 

A match between the noted horse Dulcimore and the roan 
gelding Kettlebander, for 400 guineas, two miles. 

God save the King. 

308. May 5, '80. New Market Races. Will be run for, 
June 4, the Hunters' subscription purse, and sweepstakes of 
10 guineas each. June 5, the ladies and gentlemen's subscrip- 
tion purse and sweepstakes of 10 guineas each. June 6, a 
whip to be run for, presented by the sportsmen of the army 
and navy, and the name of the winning horse to be engraved 
on it. 

No horse that has not been a fortnight in training on Hemp- 
stead Course to run. 

309. Maij 27, '80. Sir— You are hereby ordered to pas- 
ture four horses for the Q,uarter Master General's depart- 
ment till further orders. JOHN WOOLLEY, Capt. 

Richard Tiiorne.* 

* Major Thome was robbed four times during the war. Once his 
back was cruelly cut down with a knife and his wife put under guard, to 
e-xtoit a confession where his money was hid. Another time, his wife 
contrived to keep a bag of money concealed in the folds of her gown. 
At one time all their clothing and many moveables were carried off. A 
clock, screwed to the wall, was left only because the robbers had not 
patience to unscrew it. The Major had two sloops (one the Bachelor) 
taken from his dock. To escape further depredations from whale boats, 
he removed to Success. — {See 118.) — Ed. 

310. Aug. 2, '80. Riv. Last Saturday night a party of 
rebels from the Main (one was Ob. Wall) landed on Long 
Island, robbed the house of John Holroyd, Hempstead Plains, 
[since S. Armstrong's,] of effects to the value of several hundred 
pounds. They afterwards stopped Mrs. Tredwell, spouse of 
Dr. T., on her return from the city, [in a chaise with her son 
Adam,] and robbed her of effects to the value of £30. At the 
same time [it was dusk] they seized a market wagon [of Henry 
Post and Richard Titus, storekeepers.] in which was mer- 



NORTH HE3IPSTiiAD. 173 

chandise valued at upwards of £80. In that carriage they 
conveyed all their booty to Hempstead Harbor, [Littleworth.] 
where they embarked in two whale boats. The militia were 
alarmed, and twenty of them, well accoutred, pursued the 
plunderers with all possible speed, but arrived at the place of 
embarkation too late, [but heard the oars. To prevent detec- 
tion, the persons robbed were all confined up stairs, till the 
guard judged his confederates were beyond the reach of pursuit, 
when he mounted Mrs. T.'s horse and galloped after. — It was not 
unusual for whale boatmen to waylay travellers from New- York 
by secreting themselves in some house near the road.] — Ed. 

311. Sept. 18, '80. Gaine. Two guineas reward. Stolen 
out of Judge Ludlow's stable, at Hempstead, on the night of 
August 7, a sorrel horse, &c. 

Gary Ludloav, Esq., Jamaica. 

312. Jan. 25, '81. Last week two vessels loaded with 
wood, were taken off [N.] Hempstead by two whale boats ; 
one was armed with two four-pounders, six swivels, a cohorn, 
&c., had six hands, who engaged the boats, and did not 
surrender till the captain was badly wounded in his head. 
Two men were wounded on board the boats. The prizes are 
got into port. 

313. May 16. '81. Several whale boats from Horse Neck, 
intending a descent on Long Island, were intercepted, and 39 
prisoners taken. 

314. July 4, 'SI, Riv. On Saturday night last 40 rebels 
landed at the bottom of Cow Neck, 20 of whom marched four 
miles, to the house of Justice Kissam. and took off Major Kis- 
sam, of the Queens county militia, his younger brother, Benj. 
T. Kissam. and Thomas Pearsall, a refugee. Mr. Fitch, their 
commander, behaved with great civility to Mrs. Kissam, not 
suffering hi.s men to go into the room where Mrs. Townsend, 
an old lady, mother to Justice Kissam, was in bed. The 
plunder they carried off was but trifling. They also took one 
Alexander Haines, [a guard ?] whom they found sleeping 
under a tree near where they landed. Justice K. and his 
second son were absent from home. The rebels made partic- 
ular inquiry after them. 



174 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

315. About 12 o'clock Saturday night the door of Hendrick 
Onderdonk, at Hempstead Harbor, (now Dan'l Bogart's,) was 
forced open with a bayonet. Andrew, his son, hearing the 
noise, met the robbers at the door, received a cut in his fore- 
head, when he extricated himseU' and made his way througli 
the east door, crossed the creek and ran to John Rogers', 
blacksmith, and gave the alarm. Meantime the robbers found 
a gold watch and other articles. A mug of gold pieces in a 
cupboard escaped their search. Some of the most costly goods 
had been taken from the store and purposely distributed about 
the house. The robbers went up stairs, Mrs. O. resolutely 
following and telling them not to go in such a room, as her 
daughters were there. They hastily picked up some rolls of 
fine goods and velvet, put them under their arms and hur- 
ried down stairs, Mrs. O. following at their heels, pulling away 
a piece now and then, till they got out of the house. — There 
was a number of active young men in the harbor, and the sol- 
diers had no mind to wait and have a brush with them. They 
pretended to be whale boatmen, were disguised, and had their 
faces painted. The robbers were soon discovered, for an un- 
lucky soldier billeted at Searing Town wore a stolen shoe that 
Jack Golder (who was making shoes at the same house) 
recognized as one he had made at H. O.'s with loacsl pegs, 
when his maple fell short. An investigation took place, and 
the stolen property was found in the possession of Col. Lud- 
low's men, billeted at Herricks. — Ed. 

316. Poughkeepsie, Nov. 30, 1781. 
Sir — The bearer, Mr. Cornell, informs me we have friends 

on Long Island, who have expressed a desire of advancing a 
sum of money for the use of the State, if they could be assur- 
ed it would be acceptable. I may venture to assure you it will 
be rendering your country an essential service ; and that the 
most eftectual measures are adopted by the State to secure 
such as shall in this way become creditors of the public. 
I am, with great esteem. 

Your most obedient servant, 

GEO. CLINTON. 
Col. John Sands. Cow Neck, L. T. 



NORTH HEMPSTEAD. 175 

State of New-York, ss. I hereby pledge the faith of said 
State for the re-payment of the sum of one thousand pounds, 
current money of said State, in specie, with interest, at the 
rate of six per cent, per annum, to John Sands, Esq., or order, 
"within one year after the conchision of the present war with 
Great Britain. 

Given at Poughkeepsie, this 1st day of June, 1782. 
Witness, Geo. Trimble. GEO. CLINTON. 

[Of the above sum. Maj. R. Thorne furnished £200 ; John 
Thorne, £200; John Sands, £400; and Daniel Whitehead 
Kissam, £200.] 

Maj. Hendrick WyckofF, of New Lots, carried over large 
sums. The plan he usually adopted, says Gen. Johnson, was 
this. He crossed the Sound from Connecticut, secreted him- 
self at Cow Neck, (usually at Peter Onderdonk's,) then went 
by night to the west end of Long Island. He had blank notes, 
signed by Gov. Clinton. These he filled up to certain indi- 
viduals for such sums ks he received. When he had a load 
(for he had to carry specie) he returned stealthily to Mr. O.'s, 
and so re-crossed the Sound. These notes were paid after 
the peace. B. Sands also crossed the Sound in a row boat with 
gold in a belt around his body. A guard received him on the 
Main and conveyed the money to Clinton.* — Ed. 

* James Jay was taken and put in Provost, April 17, '82. He had 
papers from Gov. Clinton, authorizing him to borrow money from New- 
York city, or Long Island. Maj. Brush also borrowed in Suflblk. — Ed. 

317. Jan. 23, '82, Riv. Died of dysentery, at Col. Wurmb's 
quarters, Westbury, Lieut. Forbes, who was interred near the 
meeting house. His funeral was attended by all the Hessian 
officers, and part of tlie 17th Light Dragoons, who paid the 
deceased military honors. Burial service at the grave by the 
chaplain of the Lion ship of war. 

318. July 20, '82, Riv. At auction, July 22d, at the Wind- 
mill Tavern, north side of Hempstead Plains, a number of 
horses, large and small wagons and carts, with harnesses, lately 
discharged out of government service. 

319. July 31, '82, Riv. Strayed from Col. Wurmb's, at the 
camp, on Windmill Plains, a mare, marked G. E. D. R. 



176 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

320. Aug. 20, '82, Biv. Two guineas reward. Run away 
from Dr. David Brooks, at Cow Neck, a negro boy, Ben. He 
had on a brown coat, pewter buttons, round black hat. 

321. Aug. 28, '82, Biv. Last week a store north side of 
Hempstead Plains, was robbed of goods and cash to the 
amount of more than £1200, by persons unknown. [Was this 
R. Townsend's?— Ed.] 

322. Oct. 9, '82, Biv. On Sunday evening, Sept. 29, a 
party of Skinners landed in a whale boat at Cow Neck, robbed 
two families of the name of Hewlett,* and committed several 
other acts of violence. Some inhabitants suspecting where 
they landed, captured their boat and keeper, which the Skin- 
ners soon came to the knowledge of, when they took tlie route 
to Butler's Creek, at Oyster Bay, where they seized a boat 
and escaped to the Main, with the loss of only one of their 
party. 

* Only one was robbed, as appears by the dying confession of Richard 
Barrick, hung at Cambridge, Mass, Nov. 18, '84, for highway robbery. 

" In England I was apprehended on a suspicion of robbery, and sent 
on board a vessel, [the Liverpool, wrecked on Rockaway Beach, Feb. 15, 
78,] in which I came to New-York. Then I deserted and came to 
Long Island and lived with Mr. Valentine Williams. I left him and 
lived with Mr. Kirk fifteen months, intending to learn the paper making 
business. I left Mr. Kirk and went to Horse Neck, intending to go to 
the place whence I came, and follow my old trade of basket making. 
Soon after this, I and my comrades went to Long Island^iih an intent 
to rob James Hewlett: but the weather being very severe, we turned 
back. On our return, we met with a British vessel, which we boarded 
and carried into Stamford. We then went back to Mr. Hewlett's in the 
night, and told him he must get up, for his brother's child was very sick. 
He supposing us to be robbers, called for his firelock. We then forced 
in at the windows, and demanded his money. He said he had none ; 
but his wife asked us how much we wanted. I answered, ;C100. Mr. 
H. then went down cellar with a light in his hand, and we followed him. 
He took a horn from under a hogshead, which contained ]90 odd 
guineas. He then attempted to count out our £100, which we had 
demanded ; but we told him as he had made some resistance at first, we 
would take all he had. He then gave us another horn, which contained 
about 40 guineas: then he gave us a number of dollars. We went out of 



NORTH HEMPSTEAD. 177 

the house, but soon concluded that if he had so many guineas, it was 
more than probable he had some other sort of gold : we therefore went 
back and demanded the remainder. Then he gave us another horn, 
containing 32 half jors. We also took his plate and clothing, to the 
value of ^400. Soon after this, I was taken and put under guard on 
Long Island. The Col. ordered me from Long Island to New-York 
gaol for trial ; where I remained three weeks, and then broke gaol. I 
returned to Greenwich, and was there re-taken for the same crime and 
carried back to New- York, I broke out a second time, and returned to 
Greenwich." * * * * 

323. Oct.26, '82, Riv. On Thursday evening, about 20 rebels 
landed near Cow Neck, attacked the houses of James Burr 
and John Burtis, blacksmith, killed Burr and robbed his store 
of every thing valuable ; but in the attack of Burtis, their 
leader, a Capt. Martin, of Massachusett.s, (with his commission 
in his pocket) was killed. They carried off three of their 
party, supposed to be badly wounded. 

[There were two whale boats, with muffled oars. The men 
landed at Thome's dock (now Judge Kissam's,) and proceeded 
to Burr's store, (now H. Morrell's,) Manhasset Valley. Burr 
had been robbed once before, and slept in the store with his 
gun ready loaded. As soon as they demanded admittance, he 
fired. Judging of his position by the report, the robbers fired 
diagonally through the front corners of the store. Burr 
received a ball in his body, went to the bedside, told his little 
brother he was a dead man, and fell. 

Being unable to force open the door, the robbers ripped oS 
the boards and entered through the side of the store, and load- 
ed themselves with goods. As they returned, and were round- 
ing the corner of Burtis's shop, west of the house now Dr. 
Purdy's, David Jervis, an apprentice boy, fired on them, one 
after another, from the second story, Mr. Burtis loading the 
guns and Molly, his wife, handing powder. In this, way sev- 
eral were wounded, till at last came their leader, Capt. Martin, 
staggering under an enormous load of goods, who received a 
buckshot in the centre of his forehead, and had his breast also 
tattooed with shot. Throwing down his carbine, he stumbled 
up the hill north of Dr. Purdy's, dropping his load by the way, 
and fell down dead on the summit, where his body was die- 



178 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

covered by George O. The firing alarmed the neighbors, 
who had now assembled in great numbers. Before it was yet 
day, J. O. was dispatched for Major Kissam, who came and 
held an examination. In Martin's pocket-book were found a 
list of his crew, and a captain's commission from the State of 
Massachusetts, authorizing him " to cruise against the enemies 
of the United States," but not to go on land. 

Capt. Martin's clothes, shoes with silver buckles, and 
watch, together with the guns dropped in the flight, were given 
to Jervis. He was also presented with a pair of new pistols, 
as a reward for his heroic daring. 

Jervis had on a previous occasion beat off a party of whale 
boatmen, and wounded one Jim Brown. 

Martin's body was buried in a corner of Martin Schenck's 
land, south of the Episcopal church. The rest of the gang 
escaped to their boats, which were seen by J. O. during the 
alarm of the firing slowly dropping down the bay to a precon- 
certed spot, probably Mitchell's landing. The night was over- 
cast. J. O., a lad of sixteen, was sent with a gun in the young 
locust north-east of his father's house (now C. Pearsall's) to 
fire an alarm in case the house was attacked, when a fellow 
ran up to him, crying out, " D — n their blood, they've wounded 
me! " On discovering his mistake, he made off, and was out 
of sight in an instant. 

Capt. Martin had been a lucky fellow, as appears by the 
following captures. — Ed. 

July 4, '82. St. Martin and Reynolds Finch took a small boat 
and two schooners, with their cargoes, and several small boats and their 
cargoes, engaged in the illicit trade in Long Island Sound. 

Aug. 2, '82. St. Martin and others took the schooner Scape, 
Nath. Porter, master, 80 tons, loaded with wood ; two small sloops, 15 
tons each, the Good Intent, J. Avery master, and a whale boat, Jesse 
Soper master, loaded with British goods — all taken in the Sound. 

Sept. 16, '82. St. Martin took two schooners and their cargoes, 
Polly and Betsey, of 50 and 40 tons each. 

324. Before Dec. 3, '82, the Dolphin, John Thorne, Jr., was 
captured in Long Island Sound. 

325. Ap. 19, '83, Riv. Persons having any demands against 
Lt. Saltonstall, of the Royal Welch Fusileers, [or23dReg't of 



NORTH HEMPSTEAD. 179 

Foot,] will give in their accounts to Capt. Peter, paymaster, at 
Herrick's. 

326. Ap. 28, '83, Gaine. A match for 200 guineas, May 
29. over New Market course. Hempstead Plains, between John 
Talman's Eclipse and Jacob Jackson's Young Slow and Easy, 
the best two in three four mile heats. 

327. On a fine moonlight evening. May 13, 1783, six whale- 
boatmen landed at the cleiX near the house of John Mitchell. 
They lay concealed in his nursery till the guard left the house 
and the family had retired to rest, when they broke open the 
front door with a stone as large as a man could well manage. 
As they pushed open the door leading from the hall to the room 
where Mr. Mitchell slept, he fired through the door and 
wounded a man. The robbers also fired, but missed. Then 
they forced open the door and beat Mr. Mitchell and his aged 
father on the head with the butt end of their muskets. They 
at length escaped from the robbers, and ran for aid to Israel 
Baxter's, where the guard had gone. Benj. M. then came 
down stairs, and as he looked in the door, one of the robbers, 
named Jackson, who had lived in the family, asked him "if he 
knew him." Benjamin replied, " Yes." " Then you never 
shall again." He was then seized and led out in front of the 
house, and (though he told them he was but a boy) shot 
through the body with two balls, by Jackson, while an accom- 
plice held their victim fast. The mother heard the fatal report. 
She also, as she stood with an infant in her arms, was seized, 
and beaten till she fainted. 

The villains had now become so alarmed, that they gave 
up all hopes of plunder, and fled before the father could return 
with the guard. A dead body was discovered on the ground, 
supposed to be one of the robbers, but a closer examination re- 
vealed the shocking truth. He gave signs of life, but never 
spoke. A pistol lay near him that had been broken by a blow 
on the side of his head. 

The afflicted father was unsparing in his efforts to bring 
these villains to justice. Two were some time after seized in 
a marauding expedition in the brushwood on Hog Island, and 
put under guard at Searingtown, but they contrived to escape. 



180 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

Two years after, Jackson was hung at St. John's, and while 
under the gallows was very contrite for his sins, and said " there 
was only one thing he dared not hope pardon for — that was the 
murder of Benjamin Mitchell." 

328. May 17, '83, Riv. Those inhabitants that have any 
demands against Ensign Vockerrorth, of the Hessian Regi- 
ment de Knoblauch, will bring them before the court martial 
of said regiment, at Herricks, by June 6. 

F. A, HUBER, Judge Advocate. 
DePORBECK, Col. and Comd't. 

329. Ob. Valentine, born on Long Island, but residing in 
Connecticut, charged before Judge Ludlow of breaking into 
the house of P. Sniffen, Hempstead Harbor, was in the Pro- 
vost from May 28, '83, till the evacuation.— /?ii\ 

330. Israel Baxter had two market boats cut out of Cow 
Bay, and a wood sloop taken off Success Rock. She was 
boarded through the cabin windows. The captain was not on 
board and the hands made little or no resistance. 

Once off Hewlett's Point Capt. B. was becalmed. Sud- 
denly some whale boats rowed up, fired and riddled his sails. 
He allowed them to draw quite near, when he discharged his 
swivels on them. The boats made off, when some negroes on 
the Long Island shore, attracted by the firing, hurraed. This 
was too much for the Yankees : they put about and fired a 
blunderbuss at the negroes, who fell down or scampered off, 
and were out of sight in an instant. 

Capt. B. had a swivel mounted on a stump in the pines on 
the hill, overlooking the dock (now Mill-dam) where his boat 
lay. Expecting an attack one night, he wound his cable 
around the rudder, waited the approach of the whale boats, 
and then fired down on them as they were vainly trying to get 
her off. The men then landed and tried to surround their as- 
sailants, but failed, though they nearly touched them in the 
dark. They then abandoned their prize. 

Capt. St. Thorne had two wood boats taken out of Cow 
Bay in one night— one from A. O.'s landing. One of the gang 
afterwards deserted, and being a worthless fellow, charged 
Wm. Cornwall, at whose house they had stopped, with giving 



NORTH HEMPSTEAD. 181 

information. In consequence, Cornwell had most of his wood 
cut off for the King's use, and he and Hewlett Cornwell were 
put in Jamaica jail. Adrian O. barely escaped the same fate, 
for the i'ellow pretended to recognize him as one of the Whigs 
present at W. Cornwell's that night; but he was enabled to 
prove his absence by the great number of passengers who 
were that very night at his house, intending to go to New- York 
by the sloop which was cut out in their sight and hearing. 

Young St. Thorne rode about the Neck with the informer, 
and called on the principal Whigs, with hopes of his identifying 
them with those said to have been at Cornwell's. 

The whale boats were sometimes caught in a snare. Rob't 
Thorne, innkeeper, at Latham's (now Mitchell's) Mill, had a 
small sloop. Capt. Jos. Thorne,* with twelve armed men, was 
secreted in her hold. As they rowed into the Sound, a whale 
boat put out from Huckleberry Island. As soon as she came 
alongside, the armed men rushed on deck and pointed their 
guns down on the astonished crew, who instantly gave up. 
The prisoners were marched under a guard of militia (of which 
John Morrell was one) to Col. Hamilton at Flushing, and thence 
taken to the prison s'.jip. 

A whale boat attempted to take out Geo. Cornell's sloop 
from the east side of Great Neck, (B. Wolley's landmg.) A 
party landed and proceeded along shore, keeping even with 
their boat. John Morrell, who, with Peter Baker, was on guard 
that night, hearing a noise, but seeing nothing, fired. Instantly 
he found himself between two fires, but luckily escaped. A 
buttonwood near him was marked with bullets. The sloop 
happened to be aground, and so was saved. The men went 
in John Morrell's house, who, making the best of the matter, set 
a bottle of spirits on the table, of which they good-humoredly 
partook, and went off. They also dropped in at Wm. Mitch- 
ell's, but were not so civil. 

* He was a wagon-maker, and kept a body of refugees in his house, 
(since St. Sell's,) and usually had a swivel mounted over his door to fire 
down on any assailants. 

331. Martin Schenck was robbed once before and once after 
February, 1782. The first time, some of the new raised corps 

9 



IS2 ARMED OCCUPATION'. 

at Herricks carried off great quantities of linen — sixty shirts 
and other articles of small value. They took him under a 
tree and threatened to strangle him unless he would give up 
his money. He was rescued by the intrepidity of his wife. 
Complaint was made to the commanding officer, who had his 
men arranged in a circle for Schenck to point out the offenders, 
but as the officers seemed bent on screening* them, and there 
was much unfairness in the examination, no redress was ob- 
tained. 

On another evening, a knocking was heard at the door, which 
was incauiiously opened by his niece. On seeing two men 
with guns, their faces blackened and concealed by bonnets, she 
said, she " hoped they meant no harm." " Oh no, only wanted 
to see Mr. Schenck." As she led the way to his bedroom, one 
of the ruffians followed and seized Schenck before he could get 
his gun. They then demanded his money. As Schenck was 
edging off toward his gun, he tripped, when he received a 
musket blow, which disabled his arm. He, however, escaped 
to the cellar, whither they durst not follow. As they left the 
house, with some trifling articles of plunder, he saw them turn 
up the road toward the meeting-house, and calling his slaves 
from the barn, made chase, but to no purpose. They were 
supposed to be refugees. The dogs in the neighborhood had 
been shot a fortnigiit before, so that these guardians of the 
night might give no alarm. 

* " The provincial corps," or soldiers raised in America, were fre- 
quently abandoned men, fugitives from justice, who enlisted to escape 
punishment. Even such recruits were hard to be obtained at a high 
bounty ; and if they committed a crime, the officers were loth to lose 
them or give them up to punishment — to replace them was so difficult. 

332. A gang surrounded the house of Michael Mudge and 
knocked at the door, when Daniel, his son, asked who was 
there. " Friends," was the reply. Th6 door not being opened 
immediately, they added, " It will be better for you lo let us in." 
Thereupon the frail door was opened, when three men entered, 
(one had on a hair cap, drawn down and tied under his chin, 
and his face blackened,) and proceeded to the room of the 
ao-ed father, whom they beat unmercifully, and run a gun- 



NORTH HEMPSTEAD. 183 

muzzle in his cheek because he did not tell where his money 
was : and in truth he did not know, for he had given it to his 
daughter-in-law, who had it in bed with her. He gave them 
his silver shoe-buckles, but because they were plain, they sup- 
posed them to be base metal, and threw them back in his face. 
They then rummaged every part of the house, went up the 
kitclien stairs, and bid the negroes lie still. At last, to frighten 
the rest of the family into a disclosure, they brought the old man 
into his daughter-in-law's bedroom, the blood trickling down 
his head behind both ears, and joining in one stream under 
his chin, so that his throat seemed cut. The family then gave up. 
A bag of silver was brought forth. They opened it and ex- 
claimed, " Not a single guinea !" Directly eyeing a bag inad- 
vertently left under a table, which proved to be filled Avith 
gold, in the rage of disappointment they dragged the daughter- 
in-law out of bed with her infant in her arms. She managed, 
however, to save a part of the remaining gold. During the 
search, the robbers every now and then went to the door to 
consult with those outside, and returned with increased fury. 
When they left, they blew out the lights, and bid Daniel (who 
was followyng to see what road they took) to stay in doors. 
This gang was supposed to have been harbored by John 
Thomas, who lived at Col. Sands's, water-side, whale boats 
having often been seen hid in the bushes by his house. 

333. Israel Pearsall was twice beset by robbers ; in both 
cases they had poor success, once only carrying off some 
spoons and linen. On one occasion, Israel was lying in his 
bed in the early part of the evening, when word was brought 
him that robbers were below. He ran for the garret, turned 
the key on the robbers while they were yet at the foot of the 
stairs, ran out on the roof, got behind a chimney and cried 
murder. It was heard at D. Mudge's, who fired an alarm, and 
then it was pop 1 pop! pop! all over the neighborhood j where- 
at the robbers hastily decamped, vowing vengeance to the man 
on the roof 

Israel had a maiden sister who had been at a house in 
Cedar Swamp that this same gang had previously robbed. 
She sang out to them from an upper window, " What do you 



184 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

want?" Instantly recognizing her sharp voice, they cried out, 
" What, are you here, too ?" 

334. To prevent robberies, a patrol was kept by the militia 
along shore. This duty was very laborious. The militia from 
Wolverholiow were required to patrol on the Sound and east 
side of Hempstead Harbor. One night the patrol there heard 
the whale boats rowing, when Tunis Bogart fired, and two 
boats put about instantly. As they neared Cow Neck shore, 
E. Hegeman, a patrol on that side, also fired. One of the crew 
jumped up, flapped his arms, and crowed out defianc^e. They 
then returned to the Main without effecting their design, which 
was to rob a store at Herricks. It was not unusual for the whale- 
boatmen to make a circuitous overland march, so as to escape 
detection in case of alarm, for those robbed would be apt to 
take the nearest route to the water-side. There was a mounted 
Hessian patrol also. 

335. As all money was of silver or gold, and as there were 
no banks for safe- keeping, and few opportunities for investing, 
each man became his own banker. For fear of robbery, the 
money was buried in earthen vessels, wrapped in paper and 
hid under a stone, thrust behind a joist, or between the roof 
and rafters, laid under the hearth, put in a tea-kettle, or se- 
creted in any way that ingenuity could devise. But what 
availed all this, if the owner should unluckily be caught and 
put to the torture ? To escape this, men often slept for months 
in outhouses, bushes, or obscure places. These treasures were 
sometimes forgotten, or the owners died before revealing the 
secret. Hence, for years, it was not unusual to find money 
when tearing down old houses, removing fences, or digging in 
cellars. 

336. It would be impossible to narrate all the exploits 
and outrages committed in North Hempstead. Suffice it to 
say, that Richard Townsend, storekeeper, (now H.Titus's,) 
North Side, was carried off in the night to Connecticut by a 
party under A. Cornwell, and subsequently paroled. They 
also took off a wagon load of his goods, which were sold be- 
fore his eyes. — The house of James Pool, and a store kept in 
one of his outbuildings, were visited by a party from the Main, 



NORTH HEMPSTEAD. 185 

headed by Wright Craft. They left their borrrowed horses 
with a sentry at the pond northwest of his house, which they 
loaded with booty, and returned in safety. Hoyt, to prevent 
similar visits, built a blockhouse, bullet proof, (since removed to 
Herricks,) with port holes in the second story, in which he kept 
store. — Rich. Hewlett was robbed, 1783 ; also Derick Albertson, 
among other articles, of his Avedding shirt. — Tredwell Smith's 
store, Searingtown, was robbed, but most of the goods were 
found secreted in the Harbor Hills. — In altering some fence of 
A. O., near the Friends' meeting-house, silver spoons marked 
J. S. were found, evidently stolen and hid there by the picket 
guard. They were restored to John Searing on his producing 
one to match. — Cornelius Cornwell, north of Success, (since 
Isaac Downing's.) was robbed of $100, the property of Miss 
Clements, a girl living in his family. Being deaf, he heard no 
noise, but felt a jarring as the soldiers forced in the door. He 
sprang up and made at them with a trammel rod, and would 
have beaten them off, but unluckily it broke across a musket 
that a soldier held up to ward off the blow. They left traces 
of blood for a mile or two from the house in the direction of 
Hempstead. — The widow Cornwell, at Success Pond, (now S. 
Garretson's,) was robbed by soldiers from Hempstead, who had 
their faces and hands blackened with a solution of gunpowder. 
They broke open whatever was locked, acted ferociously, and 
struck with an axe at Thomas Pearsall, her son-in-law, as he 
came in the room and tendered them all the money he had. 
On leaving the house they threw into a snow-bank the plated 
candlestick they had used. — Wm. Mott, of Great Neck, was 
robbed and dreadfully beat on the head to make him give up 
his money ; his horses and cattle were driven off, and a negro 
shot east of his house. — Adam, father of Samuel Mott, Cow 
Neck, was robbed. Eliza CorneUus (since Mrs. Jervis) was 
forced at the bayonet's point to show the robbers about the 
house. 

The Hessians were billeted on the inhabitants at North 
Side, (using the school-house south of Obadiah Townsend's 
as a hospital ;) at Westbury ; on Cow Neck, (the school-house 
at Flower Hill being occupied one winter, so that Master El- 
bert Hegeman discontinued his school ;) at Success, (occupying 



186 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

the Dutch church ;) at Great Neck, (using Abm. Schenck's 
barn as a hospital ;) along the head of Cow Neck, (occupying 
the school-house north of John T. Mitchell's ;) and atHerricks. 
They had picket guards in a house at Judge Mitchell's land- 
ing, at Friends' meeting-house, and at Harris's Hill : and en- 
campments at Hcrricks, Success, and on a slope southeast of 
D. R. Schenck's, Great Neck. The provincial corps also lay 
at Hcrricks, and in the orchard of Wm. Tredwell, northeast of 
Success church ; on the site of the Episcopal church were 
tents, and in the rear stables for cavalry horses. There, on land 
(now Judge O.'s) might be seen Hessians with black gaiters, 
drilled so as to manoeuvre with the mechanical precision of au- 
tomatons. Col. Janecke was quartered at Dr. Latham's, (now 
Judge Mitchell's,) and had two swivels mounted before the 
house. His men lay in the orchard west of the mill brook, and 
onB. Kissam's land, (now Warren Mitchell's.) Almost every 
tree top was cut off to make huts. None could be more handy 
with a hatchet than a Hessian : of course fences stood no 
chance near a camp. The Hessians were a kind, peaceable 
people, inveterately fond of smoking, and pea-coflee: their 
ofTences were of the sly kind, such as stealing at night, while 
the British and " New raised Corps " were insolent, domineer- 
ing, and inclined to violence, robbery, and bloodshed. 

337. N. York Gaz., June 23, '84. Whereas, several per- 
sons came into my house at Cow Neck, on Friday evening 
last, and burglariously carried away a silver watch, a silver 
tankard, some silver spoons, and a sum of money, two pair of 
velvet breeches, a light-colored great coat, several shirts, shifts, 
stockings, and handkerchiefs ; and whereas, from the sugges- 
tion of others, I was induceu to suspect Capt. Look and his 
crew of committing said robbery ; but upon an investigation 
before the Mayor, I am satisfied of their innocence ; I hereby 
offer a reward of $100 for the discovery of the men who robbed 
me, and a generous gratification for the recovery of all, or any 
part of my property. THOMAS THORNE. 

New- York, Jane 22. 

[It was towards evening that a number of men were seen 
to land at Thos. Thome's, (now R. Cornell's,) east side of 



NORTH HE^IPSTEAD. 187 

Manhasset. They secreted themselves till the family were at 
supper, when, leaving a watch outside, they entered, put the fa- 
mily in one room under guard, andsearched the house. After 
securing their booty, they fitted themselves to new hats from 
the house, making a bonfire of their old ones. One of the women 
had a purse of gold, and in her fright tlirew it down, she 
knew not where. It fell in a wool-basket and escaped notice. 
James Gowdy had just returned from Nova Scotia, and left a 
bag of specie at the house for the night, it being too heavy to 
carry with him. 

Some time after, a silversmith in New-York was reading 
the advertisement of the robbery, when a person brought in 
the tankard to sell. He agreed to buy it, but not having 
weights enough, he stepped out and brought back, not weights, 
but a police officer, and had the man arrested. On his infor- 
mation three others were seized on Long Island, ironed at 
Embury Hewlett's, a blacksmith, (now the yellow house of 

Williams, North Side.) Here they were kept under militia 

guard some time, there being no jail, and then taken to New- 
York for safe keeping, and thence brought up for trial before 
John Sloss Hobart, in the old stone Presbyterian church at Ja- 
maica. They were ironed together and guarded in the second 
story of Betts's tavern, since Creed's. They were convicted of 
robbery and burglary on the evidence of Patty Lawrence, a 
girl in the family, (afterwards wife of Israel Baxter,) who 
identified the stolen articles as they were placed on the com- 
munion table ; and of old Raraage, the ringleader, who turned 
state's evidence with hopes of pardon. After sentence of 
death, they were taken to New-York in a covered wagon, es- 
corted by six mounted Jamaica militia, and Uriah Mitchell, 
sheriff. Tuesday morning, Nov. 22, '84, they were brought up 
in irons to Jamaica, for execution. A gallows with three hooks 
waa erected on the east side of Beaver Pond. Immense 
crowds assembled ; a large old oak near the gallows, was alive 
with spectators. 

While the three criminals stood under the gallows with 
ropes around their necks ready to swing, a messenger galloped 
up with a pardon for Brown. Wm. Guthry shook his head at 
this partiahty. Joseph Alexander, a fine-looking young man, 



188 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

eaid he supposed there would be confessions hawked about, (as 
was the case,) but that he had made none except to his Maker. 
He bid all profit by his example.* This was his first ofience. 
The two bodies were buried by the Pond, but were probably 
disinterred by the surgeons. 

Brown was a young man decoyed into the scrape (as per- 
haps were the rest) by Ramage, and had a wealthy and respect- 
able father in Massachusetts, who prevailed on Gov. Hancock 
to write a letter in his behalf. He also made good all losses 
occasioned by the robbery. 

James Ramage, an Irishman, said it was the third time he 
had stood on his cofRn. He took leave of his two victims with 
the utmost unconcern ; while Brown trembled so much that he 
could hardly go through the ceremony. Ramage, 'tis said, 
had hardly reached New- York before he fell to stealing, and 
was chained to a wheelbarrow. He ended his days on the 
gallows in New Jersey or Pennsylvania. 

Soon after the above robbery, a trunk of Thome's papers 
was brought to Adam Mott's, and a reward claimed — the rob- 
bers at the same time holding the trunk over the fire and threat- 
ening to burn it if the money was not forthcoming. But if 
Adam went for the money, the robbers would know where he 
kept it hid. He went to a neighbor's, the robbers followed, and 
the same predicament. It was at last agreed that both j^arties 
should stay in the house, while a messenger was sent alone to 
another neighbor's. The money was obtained, and the robbers 
departed. — Ed. ] 

* It is said one of the criminals became very serious, and had a Bible 
and Psalm Book with him. A minister preached to them from a wagork 
before the gallows. 

HEMPSTEAD. 

338. Hempstead was a small village in the war, only nine 
houses between the brooks, three taverns, viz. : Sammis's, Si- 
monson's (now Anderson's,) and opposite, Jacobus Lawrence's, 
who could boast of nine good feather-beds, and entertained all 
the gentry. 

Hempstead was selected as one of their outposts by the 



HEMPSTEAD. 189 

British, and as convenient quarters for their light-horse, who 
would be near the city in case of attack, and could also make 
excursions to gather forage, &c.. for the city, and scour the 
country when the rebels landed from the Main. The streets 
were garnished with sentry boxes, and the horse patroled for 
miles around. Col. Birch was quartered at Capt. Pintard's, 
(now Mrs. Thome's.) ^^ 

When the troops first came here in '78, they used the Pres- 
byterian church as a barrack for soldiers. J. A. was impressed 
to cart brick from Brower's kiln, Rockaway. to build a chimney 
therein. The church was used as a guard house, and prison 
also. J. J. has seen culprits flogged at the whipping-post in 
it. At last the floor was ripped up, the sills taken out, and the 
building turned into a riding school for drilling the light-horse. 

The grave stones were used for fire-backs, hearths and 
oven-bottoms, so that the impress of the letters was left on the 
loaves. 

On the outside of the church were rings to which soldiers 
were suspended by one hand with their foot resting on a sharp 
stake or picket set in the ground, the remaining hand and foot 
being tied together. These pickets were occasionlly of iron, 
and, by the writhings of the sufferer, would sometimes pierce 
through the foot. The culprit was then sent to the hospital, 
and would often be lame for weeks. There were also pickets 
in the rear of Simonson's barn, the rope running over the roof 
This torture could be endured only for a short time. Some- 
times by the connivance of the guard a chip or dollar might be 
slipped under the stocking. This was the punishment of the 
light-horse. The Hessians ran the gauntlet ; that is, the cul- 
prit walked between two files of soldiers, each of whom gave 
him a blow with a birch rod, an officer walking before the cri- 
minal so that he should not go too fast, and another seeing that 
each soldier gave a good hearty blow. 

An apple-tree east of the Presbyterian burying ground, was 
also used as a whipping-post. Here J. B. saw two deserters of 
the 60th receive, as was said, 1000 lashes save one. The blue 
facing of their red coats was torn off. and they were then turned 
out of the regiment. 

9» 



190 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

There were huts for the soldiers built of sods, with ridge 
poles, east of the village, along the brook. 

Boards were in great demand for barracks and stables, and 
they were taken wherever found. 

A. O. had some excellent Albany boards selected for repair- 
ing his house, which were carried off to Hempstead. The 
Presbyterian church, at Foster's Meadow, was taken to pieces, 
and I. D. assisted in removing it to Hempstead. A chimney 
was built in each end. — W. Hart was at school in the Presby- 
terian church at Islip, when a company of light-horse rode up 
and bid the teacher dismiss school, and the boys take their 
books home. In a few hours, the church, boards, timbers and 
all, were carted in six-horse wagons to Hempstead. The poor- 
house, a long building, was also used as a barrack. Probably 
many other outbuildings were taken to pieces. 

Soldiers were at times billeted for three or four miles around 
Hempstead. The school-house at Christian Hook was occu- 
pied by some of the 60th regiment. A half-pay officer hung 
himself by a strip of linen at the Parsonage Bars. There were 
Hessians at L. Cornell's mill, and at Patrick Mott's, (now Si- 
monson's.) 

The light-horse (16th and 17th united) lay at Hempstead 
every winter, from '78 till the peace, and occasionally in the 
summer, when they also lay about the county in tents. Their 
horses were turned out to pasture on the salt meadows, and 
sometimes in clover fields just ready to be cut, or into oats as it 
was heading out, and continued there till the crop was ruined. 
A fixed price, though very inadequate, was usually allowed for 
the damage. 

The horsemen wore a brass cap, sword proof, (shape of a 
jockey cap,) surmounted by a cone, from which chesnut colored 
hair dangled down upon their shoulders, a red coat, spurs, 
black boots, buckskin breeches, (kept of a bright yellow with a 
buff- ball.) and had a long sword, with a carbine supported by 
the muzzle in a socket at the stirrup. 

These horsemen were called the " Q,ueen's Own," and were 
a model of discipline and beauty, and when mounted on their 
noble chargers, 16 hands high, they were indeed formidable. 

They would lash on behind them hay for a week's expedi- 



HEMPSTEAD. 1^91 

tion, twisted and trussed up like a bundle of cord. Their oata 
(large black and white) and peas came from England, and with 
other foreign articles, were landed at White Stone, and con- 
veyed over land to Hempstead.* So wearied were the farm- 
ers with this vexatious labor, that they became desperate, and 
would let a hogshead of rum roll full tilt against something to 
set it a leaking, and then fall to and drink. 

* Hence, Black Stump got its name. A lane was opened in carting, 
by a black stump. 

One night before the troops were to set out on an expedi- 
tion, a stable with all its horses was burnt, supposed to be the 
work of some one impressed, who did not wish to go with 
them. 

The horses stood on poles laid lengthwise, or on sand daily 
renewed. 

The wood-yard and hay magazine were north of Sammis's 
Inn, enclased and guarded. There were to be seen numerous 
long stacks of hay, containing 100 or 200 loads. The wood or 
hay was inspected as the farmers brought it in, and certifi- 
cates given, payable at the Forage Office, N. Y. 

Once G. H. was carting wood, and the inspector, (who was 
also sutler,) wanted some cider, ($8 a barrel.) But Mr. H. 
had to bring his cord a day, and so had no time to bring the ci- 
der. '• Bring the cider,''' said the sutler, emphatically. H. 
took the hint, corded in a barrel of cider with the wood, and all 
passed inspection ; and so he kept on till all the cider was de- 
livered, and saved as much wood in each cord as the space 
occupied by the barrel. 

The Rev. L. Cutting taught school, and preached here, at 
Huntington, and Oyster Bay. From the disorder of the times, 
religion was at a low ebb. G. J. has attended church here, 
(when the Chaplain of the light-horse preached,) and there 
was but one citizen present 

339. Charles Doughty, of Hempstead, lost a purse contain- 
ing 3 half joes, 4 guineas, 1 pistole, 1 quarter joe, and $15. 
Apnl 21, '77, Gaine. 

340. Aug. 25, '77, Gaine. When Parsons attacked Setauket, 
the militia of dueens turned out to support the Royal cause ; 



192 AKMED OCCUPATION. 

but the rebels went off with such precipitation, that the mihtia 
returned before reaching Setauket. 

341. Sept. 1, '77, Gaine. The report we had last Friday 
that 2000 rebels had again landed, was false ; yet, two re- 
giments from New- York got as far as Newtown. The militia 
of Queens turned out also in great numbers, but were soon or- 
dered to return. 

342. Dec, 20, '77, Riv. 200 rebels having landed near Se- 
tauket,* Maj. Greene, of Delancy's 1st battalion, marched on 
Thursday with 100 men ; and 200 Hempstead militia have 
likewise gone down to augment the advanced body of horse 
and foot under Col. Hewlett, at Huntington. [Gaine adds, that 
" Colonel Hewlett, with a party of Gen. Delancy's brigade, 
Col. Hamilton, with a troop of horse from Newtown, and Capt. 
Hewlett, with his troop of horse from Hempstead, are gone in 
pursuit of the rebels to the east, and it is hoped will give a 
good account of them." Dec. 15. '77, Gaine. — Ed.'] 

[* When the Americans landed on the east parts of Long Island, the 
alarm was transmitted west by beacons from Norwich Hill to Beacon 
Hill, and thence to the Fort at Whitestone, and thence to New- York by a 
discharge of cannon. The alarm-pole at Flushing conveyed the news 
across to Jamaica, where usually most soldiers lay. The night beacon 
(composed of wood standing endwise about 20 feet high) made a bright 
blaze ; the day beacon, composed of brushwood, &c., made a thick 
smoke only. These were guarded by the militia to prevent their being 
fired maliciously. — Ed ] 

343. Wanted, a proper person to open a school at Hemp- 
stead, for teaching writing, arithmetic, and the elements of ge- 
ometry. Apply to the Rev. Mr. Cutting or Judge Ludlow, at 
the Plains. June 8, '78. 

344. July 27, '78, Gaine. Last Sunday week, a large flat 
schooner, [from D'Estaing's fleet that lay off the Hook,] with 
about 200 men in her, made an attempt to land a party of 30 or 40 
at Rockaway beach, with an intention, as is conjectured, to take 
some cattle. — A party of seven of Gov. Wentworth's volunteers 
observed their approach and advanced directly towards them. 
Keen as the appetites of the Frenchmen generally are for the 
beef of England, they did not incline to risk a contest, but with 



HEMPSTEAD. 



193 



the sprightliness and activity peculiar to that pohte nation, on 
such occasions, they turned lail to and run away. 

345. Oct. 12, '78, Gaine. A small sloop and two pettyau- 
gers were taken last Monday, near Rockaway. 

346. Nov. 23, '78, Gaine. Died, Saturday last, at his seat 
at Rockaway, the Hon. Josiah Martin. late Governor of North 
Carolina, aged 79. 

347. Hempstead, June 29, '79, Riv. On Saturday, we were 
alarmed with an account that six whale hoats, manned with 8, 
9, and 10 men each, had entered our bay, seized two negroes 
belonging to Capt. St. Hewlett, burnt a schooner and a large 
hay boat, and taken a loaded sloop at Hog Island, intended for 
the New- York market. Three of the Hempstead miUtia Capts., 
viz. : Hicks, Benj. Hewlett, and Seaman, instantly mustered 
their companies, (and the men. to do them justice, turned out 
with alacrity, and behaved with a spirit becoming the subjects 
of King George.) Early on Sunday morning they retook the 
sloop, the two negroes, and captured two of the whale boats, 
completely armed with swivels as well as small arms, and man- 
ned with 17 hands. 

It was supposed the other four boats had returned to 
the eastward, but at 2 P. M., the alarm was again given, that 
the four whale boats, joined by two others, had returned in the 
bay, and it was supposed, intended retaking the sloop and the 
two prize whale boats. The same three companies again mus- 
tered, repaired to the place appointed, and with the assistance 
of the two taken whale boats, which they manned, and some old 
crazy hay boats, boldly attacked the six remaining rebel boats, 
took three of them completely armed, with 23 prisoners, and 
pursued the others for several miles, till they were fairly driven 
out of the country. 

Another account of the same affair: 
Last Sunday, two rebel whale boats, on board of which were 
17 men, made their appearance at Hog Island, near Rocka- 
way. The militia were soon alarmed, and a party was dis- 
patched in two boats, whilst the others marched along shore 
and secreted themselves among the brush at the entrance 



194 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

of and along the creek, at which they entered. The rebels had 
scarcely landed, when they observed the two boats coming 
into the inlet, on which, they endeavored to escape, but finding 
they were surrounded and fired on from all quarters, they sur- 
rendered. 

Sometime after, three others of the same gentry came row- 
ing along shore, and observing their two boats, made into the 
inlet, and fell also into the hands of the militia. These boats 
were fitted out at Saybrook, in Connecticut, with a brass two 
pounder in the bow of each, and had a commission from Gov. 
Trumbull to plunder the inhabitants of Long Island. The pris- 
oners, 41 in number, were brought to town yesterday. 

348. July 4, '79, Riv. The Q,ueens Co. mihtia made some 
prisoners about this time. 

349. $5 Reward. Ran away, Charles, a negro man, speaks 
good English, &c. N. B. Masters of vessels are desired not 
to carry him off. — July 13, '79. 

JOHN LEFFERTS, Hempstead. 

350. Aug. 10, '79. Last Tuesday Dickie was exchanged.* 

'* John Jackson's store, west of the mill-dam, at Merrick, was robbed 
by some whale boats under Capt. Dickie, who came up Jackson's Creek. 
Jackson was carried off with them, but the weather being unfavorable for 
going out, they hauled up at Crow Island House. The alarm was spread 
east and west,* and the militia went in pursuit. The western division 
consisted of a hay boat full of men, well armed, under Joseph Raynor. 
The eastern division, of a boat likewise filled, in which was my relator, 
G. Hewlett. When the boat from the east was seen coming down, 
Dickie determined to launch his boat and secure his plunder from the 
house, and try to escape. All hands were set to work. Shortly after the 
western boat hove in sight, when Dickie finding himself cut off, resolved 
to give battle, -and formed his men, but on the nearer approach of the 
boats, finding himself so inferior in numbers, he concluded to surrender, 
and stacked his arms before the landing of the militia. The prisoners 
were sent to New- York. Dickie had previously plundered a craft of 
goods belonging to John Brotherton, storekeeper. Jackson ransomed his 
goods and the prize was sold and divided among the captors. 

* Braddock Seaman, who was riding west to spread the alarm, was 
shot in the thigh by two sentinels posted in a hedge south of the road, west 
of the dam, but galloped on to Capt. Stephen Hewlett's before he discovered 
his wound. 



HEMPSTEAD. 



195 



Not long after this, G. H. with two friends, was gunning on the 
marsh, when a whale boat rowed up, took his gun, silver sleeve buttons 
and some money ; and consulted among themselves whether they should 
take their hats and coats, but finally left them. 

Capt. David Jones had a swivel near his house, which he used n?ore 
than once, but with what success is not now known. — Ed. 

351. Aug. 13, '79. Riv. Hunting. — A number of excellent 
Fox hounds having with great difficulty been collected, there 
will be hunting every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, on 
Hempstead Plains. One guinea subscription to those who wish 
to partake of this amusement. Haifa guinea given for a bag 
fox delivered to Cornet Staple ton, at Hempstead. Highest 
price for dead horses. 

[Some of the new raised corps lying at Herricks, came 
over one winter to hunt foxes at Near Rockaway. They were 
very rude, and finally killed and took off a great quantity of 
poultry. Capt. Hicks bid the owners make out their bills and 
send them to Herricks. They were instantly paid to prevent 
unpleasant consequences. — Ed.'\ 

352. Gaine, July 11, '80. Last Tuesday morning his Ma- 
jesty'is ship Galatea run ashore near Hog Island, the sloop 
Revenue, privateer, of New London, W. Jagger, commander, 
fitted out by Joseph Woolridge, carrying 12 guns and 52 men. 
The vessel bilged, the men jumped overboard and swam 
ashore with their arms : on which 13 of the militia of Hempstead 
South, viz : 

Richard Green, Ezekiel Raynor, Isaac Smith, 

John Mott, Reuben Pine, Joseph Smith, 

Joseph Mott, Benjamin Palmer, Abel Southard, 

Joseph Rainer, W.R.Smith, [who was wounded,] 

Elijah Rainer, Amos Shaw, 

commanded by Ensign Elijah Wood, assembled, and after a 
skirmish of 6 hours, took 10 of the rebels prisoners, together 
with their boat. Mr. Wood was then reinforced by 26* more 
of the Hempstead South militia, when the remainder of the 
rebels were secured, and on Thursday all brought to the Main 
Guard in this city. 

*Lt. McKain, an officer W. Pearsall, Barnabas Smith, 

on half pay, Jas. Denton, David Pine, 



196 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

Israel Smith, Jas. Southard, M. Demott, a trooper, 

Stephen Powell, Elijah Cornwall, Th. Burlis, a trooper, 

W. Johnson, Reuben Jackson, Wm. Burtis, 

Sam'l Johnson, Benjamin Cornwall, Joseph Dorlon, 

Abm. Simonson, Elijah Handley, Joshua Pettet, 

Wm. Pettet, Venson, a refugee, Uriah Seaman. 

James Pettet? Morris Green, Alex. Dunlap, who 

commanded a boat with this party in it, is 
a North Briton, and a loyal Refugee, who 
bravely joined the militia of Loyal Queens, 
with whom the rebel crew capitulated. 

Six of the inhabitants of Hempstead South, who were made 
prisoners by this rebel crew, were happily retaken. 

353. Aug. 9, '80, Biv. About 5 o'clock last Friday evening, 
an account was brought to Rockaway that two whale boats were 
at Hog Island, and had taken a schooner in the bay. Capt. 
Chas. Hicks, of the militia, mustered his company, and with a 
few volunteers in two boats, went in quest of them. Butstormy 
weather prevented their attacking them that evening. At 4 
o'clock next morning, Capt. Hicks, to avoid the effusion of 
blood, sent a flag to inform the rebels that if they would sur- 
render prisoners, they should have good quarters ; this they 
would not comply with, when a smart action commenced ; but 
the enemy seeing that they could not escape, agreed to accept 
the first terms, and accordingly surrendered themselves pris- 
oners of war, 28 in number, among them a clergyman. (?) 

These two boats were 14 days from Brunswick, and had met 
with no success. One was commanded by W. Marriner, for- 
merly a cordwainer and oyster dealer of New- York, but of late 
a great rebel partisan. Mr. Dickie, the rebel Commissary, 
was also taken, who has ever proved a violent persecutor 
of the Royal officers and Loyalists who have fallen into his 
power. The boats were well filled and provided with all sorts 
of ammunition. None killed or wounded on either side. Sev- 
eral grapeshot went through Capt. Hicks's jacket. 

A more perfect account from an eye-witness. 
Last Friday evening about 6 o'clock, information was 
brought to Lt. Williams of Gov. Wentworth's Volunteers, the 
commanding officer of this post, that a party of rebels had 



HEMPSTEAD. 197 

landed on Hog Island beach, and had taken a schooner in the 
bay. He immediately marched with 14 of his company and 
14 of the 17th light dragoons to Pine's Landing ; from whence 
they proceeded in boats with Capt. Hewlett of the militia, and 
part of his company, to Hog Island, where they arrived at 9 
that evening, and joined Capt. Hicks, who was there with part 
of his company: remained there till 2 next morning (by which 
time the militia had collected to the number of about 40,) then 
re-embarked and proceeded to the beach, where they all landed 
at daybreak without any other opposition than one musket fired 
by a rebel sentry, which was returned by two from us. The 
rebels then sent a flag and submitted themselves prisoners of 
war ; and were, with two remarkable fine boats taken from 
them, safely conducted to Rockaway by 6 the same morning, 
and left in care of Capt. Hicks. — Gaine, Aug. 2, '80. 

[Capt. Story says word was brought that a whale boat had taken Capt. 
Jo. Stout's schooner at Hog Island. James Pine rode to Hempstead for the 
light-horse, when 28 galloped down in 17 minutes. Pine's hoise gave out 
and he mounted behind a trooper. These were taken aboard a hay-boat, 
and staid at Hog Island that night. At dawn they went in search of the 
whale boat. They saw a person swimming and then running on the mea- 
dows. It was Capt. Stout. They took him on board, and then rowed on till 
they reached the bar running north and south. As they were landing, a per- 
son rushed past. It was Capt. Marriner. He fired, but only hit the boat. 
The schooner and whale boat lay high and dry, the wind being southerly, 
and the whale boat ignorant of the channel. The militia had two carriage 
guns on a hill on the beach east of the schooner, ready to fire on her, if she 
should float and attempt to get off, but did not use it. As they neared the 
vessels a man whom the whale boats had made prisoner, Thomas Hutch- 
ings, came from them, waving a handkerchief on a stick for parley. Mar- 
riner proposed to surrender if he could be billeted at Hempstead. This 
was refused, when they surrendered at discretion, and were marched off to 
New-York. Only 28 persons, the real captors, shared the prize, though 
there were 200 militia collected around. 

Uriah Pearsall was one of this party. As they neared the shore, a sentry 
who lay in a hole he had dug in the sand to hide himself, fired and run. The 
ball entered the bow of the boat under the seats and so out of the stern, 
but hurt no one. The militia gave him " whistle tail" but did not touch 
him. The militia were not obliged to leave terra firma to attack whale 
boats, but many did so from patriotic motives or hopes of prize money. 



198 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

Capt. Story, who owned a vessel in the oyster business at Blue Point, 
was captured iluee times. First, his schooner was taken while graving 
at Babylon, by Capt. Spooner, in a New London whale boat. He ran- 
somed her for 20 half joes and 9 guineas, and got a ransom bill for 25 
days. The time had hardly elapsed when he was again taken by Spooner, 
but got off by giving J^25 and 5 gallons of rum, (worth 18s. per gallon) as 
an acknowledgment to the Yankee crew. The captors off with their 
hats and gave three cheers for Capt. Story and his liberality. The third 
time, his boat was taken at Hog Island, by a Jersey whale boat, and as 
they could not get her out, Capt. Story was allowed to ransom her for ^63. 

G. J. says, in the marshing season, a galley and whale boat from New 
Brunswick, under Capt. Barent Altrechf, came up Parsonage Creek and 
robbed Joseph Smiih and Thomas Dorlon of two wagon loads of goods. 
The whale boats on tlie south side of Long Island were partly from Jersey 
and partly from New England. Their chief object was to capture oyster, 
clam, and wood boats, and vessels trading to and from New-York,which 
entered the inlets and so sailed in the south Bay. As the trading craft 
went armed, obstinate fights sometimes occurred. The eastern whale 
boats were carried on men's shoulders over the Island at Canoe Place, 
and launched in the South Bay. 

354. On the night of January 10, '81. the family ofParme- 
nas Jackson at Jerusalem were aroused by the entrance of John 
Degraw and 6 other soldiers, who shutting up the rest of the fam- 
ily, demanded of Mr. J. his money, and on his refusing to disco- 
ver it, they hacked him so terribly on his head and arm (as it 
was uplifted to ward off the blows) that the wall overhead was 
spotted with blood, but he continuing resolute and hoping each 
blow would be the last, held out too long. They left him for 
dead, and attacked his father-in-law, Thomas Birdsall, an aged 
man, when his wife, to save her husband's life, disclosed the 
hid treasure in a bottle under the hearth. The robbers car- 
ried off $3000 in gold and silver, with divers articles of dress and 
furniture. The only words the wounded man ever spoke were 
" Lloyd's Neck ! Lloyd's Neck !" Judging from this that they 
were soldiers from Col. Ludlow's garrison, the neighbors forth- 
with posted off to Lloyd's Neck. One Voorhies rode a fleet 
horse* to Capt. Van Wyck's at E. Woods, who instantly 
ordered his servant to saddle his swiftest horse, and guided them 
to Lloyd's Neck, where they arrived before daylight. The 
roll was called, and a guard set on the narrow passage to the 



HEMPSTEAD. 199 

Neck, when the robbers soon came up and were secured, with 
their booty on them. 

Mr. J. had a good deal of stock which he fattened on the 
Plains. From the sale of this he had amassed a large sum of 
money, which coming to the knowledge of the servant girl, she 
revealed the secret to Degraw, her brother, a soldier in Delan- 
cy's 3d battalion. The robbers were put on shipboard and sent 
to New- York for trial. Elgar, the worst one, jumped overboard, 
and was drowned. Degraw died in Provost. The fate of the 
rest is unknown, though it is said they were sent to the mines 
on the Spanish Main or to Honduras. 

Drs. Searing and Seabury attended Jackson and took off 
pieces of the skull to relieve the pressure on the brain, which 
was so exposed that its motions were visible. He survived 
nine days, when he died very hard, gasping for breath a long 
time, — aged 37. 

* This was Jacob Seaman's horse, Sloven, which was so broke down 
by this ride that he never recovered his former speed. 

To Thomas Van Wyck, Esq., Captain in the Loyal Queens County 
Militia : 

City Hall, New-York, Feb. 23, '81. 
Sir: It is with pleasure I sit down to inform you that I am desired by 
the Court to assure you that your humane, generous and manly exertion, 
in bringing to light the perpetration of so horrid a crime as the robbery 
and murder of PaKnenas Jackson, of Jerusalem, now before us, not only 
demands the thanks of this Court, but merits also the love and esteem of 
every neighbor and fellow-citizen. 

I am, sir, with the highest respect. 

Your most obedient humble servant, - 
JOHN BREESE, 
Major 54th Regiment, President. 
■ 355. Mar. 14, '81, liiv. Fifty Joes to be run for by Eclipse 
and Sturdy Beggar, at Capt. Tim. Cornell's Poles, Hempstead 
Plains, a single two mile heat. 

356. Chatham, N. J., Apr. 18, '81. We hear the whale 
boats from Brunswick are making a very successful cruise to 
Long Island this week. 

357. May 14, '81, Gaine. Last Thursday was brought into 
New- York, by a party of Long Island militia, a partisan rebel, 



200 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

Capt. Dickie, of New Brunswick, with thirteen of his gang of 
phinderers. This doughty hero has rendered himself notorious 
by his expeditions on Long Island. 

358. July 30, ''SI, Gaine. Nine Jersey plunderers in a rebel 
whale boat were taken by the Queens county mihtia yesterday, 
and brought to town. 

359. Aug. 1, '81, Riv. Last Saturday night, Capt. Hicks, 
of Q,ueens county, heard of a whale boat being in Jamaica 
Bay, that had taken a sloop of Mr. [John] Mott, of Rockaway. 
He mustered twenty-five of his neighbors, and proceeded in 
three boats in search of the rebels. After rowing all night, he 
discovered the whale boat and her prize at anchor, under Bar- 
ren Island, which they determined to attack immediately. The 
rebels then manned their boats in the greatest confusion, and 
being cut off from the sea, made for the Flatlands, in Kings 
county. Hicks landed most of his men at Barren Island, to cut 
ofl[' their retreat, and pursued them with only five white and 
three black men, in two small skiffs. The rebels, after a long 
chase, abandoned their boat, with most of their arms, and fled 
into the woods ; but as Capt. Hicks has alarmed all the shore, 
he does not doubt the rebels will be secured. The whale boat 
is quite new, and had a heavy gun in her bow. 

A new whale boat to be sold at auction at Hicks's Tavern, 
Far Rockaway, Aug. 6. She is upwards of thirty-five feet 
long, rows eight oars, has two good sails and a large swivel. 

[Col. Hamilton forbids the above sale, because not reported to him 
by the captors in a proper and official manner. 

Ja's Abrams saw the above capture. The boatmen tried Plum Inlet, 
but as there was a fresh wind from the south, she was cut off. They then 
made for the Old Mill, (Schenck's.) The prize had a good store of me.at 
and biscuit on board. The captors named her " Lady Washington," to 
enhance her value. The militia were not obliged to go off land to attack 
boats, but often volunteered to do so in hopes of prize money. 

A privateer was manned under Barren Island to escape the press 
gangs. She gave $2 a bushel for potatoes. Market boats were licensed 
to have a certain number of hands ; all over it were liable to be impressed. 
There were several hot presses in New- York ; many were taken off un- 
known to their friends, and never heard of after. — Ed.] 



HEMPSTEAD. 201 

360. Sep. 25, '81. The sloop Restoration, Capt. Hart, of 
Saybrook, was driven ashore on a point of sand at Hempstead, 
south side of Long Island, one and a half miles from land, 6th 
inst., in the night, by a frigate, where his vessel lay till next 
day, when he was attacked by two militia companies, com- 
manded by Capts. David Jones and Seaman. Capt. Hart took 
Jones and eight men prisoners ;* but next morning he was at- 
tacked by five captain's companies, (three of foot and two of 
horse,) who sent off a flag demanding tlie surrender of his 
vessel, and his men to be given up as prisoners of war. Capt. 
Hart would not consent to these terms, but sent for answer that 
himself should be exchanged for Capt. Jones, and the men he 
had taken should be exchanged for an equal number of Jones's 
men, and all his other people should be permitted to return 
home unmolested, on parole ; which terms were finally agreed 
on ; and Capt. Hart with his people returned Wednesday 
after. 

* The militia went down in a hay boat, landed Capt. Jones and a 
part of the men, when the Privateer fired a cannon, and the boat hauled 
off and left those on the bar to their fate. 

361. May 8, '82. An account was yesterday brought to 
town that an enterprising rebel partisan, said to be Hyler, had 
landed a number of men on Hog Island, in the Sound (?) There 
were with him three whale boats and a small privateer. 

362. June 10, '82, Gaine. Hyler'.s boats are now ranging 
on the south side of Long Island. 

People would sometimes take a spy-glass and climb on the roof of 
their houses, and if they saw any whale boats in the bay, they would re- 
move their valuables to a hiding place, leaving only a few articles in the 
house. The robbers would then ]-ansack the house, curse them for their 
poverty, and depart. Stores were often nearly emptied in this way of an 
afternoon, and the goods replaced next morning. But if the owners were 
once caught, they were likely to be tortured till the goods were forth- 
coming. The alarm was spread by guns or horn-blowing. 

363. For sale at the dwelling house of Capt. Stephen Hew- 
lett, at Great Merrock, some articles saved from the wreck of 
the brigantine Hussar, stranded on Merrock Shoals, night of 
January 24.— /?iv. Feb. 12, '83. 



202 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

364. JmZ?/21,'83. Five Dollars Reward. Strayed or stolen 
from Robert T. Bloomer, at Hempstead, a young brown mare. 

JOS. WEEKS, Huntington Ferry. 

365. Samuel Doughty's store at Foster's Meadow was 
robbed. The neighbors went in pursuit and followed the wag- 
on track to the north side of the island, where they found the 
wagon and heard the rowing; the robbers having just shoved 
off for Connecticut. 

John Skidmore and wife, an aged couple, lived near Amber- 
man's Mill, Foster's Meadow, on the Rockaway Road, (now 
Shaw's.) He had recently sold a farm and mill, and was sup- 
posed to be in possession of a large sum of money. His door 
was forced open in the night, and his money demanded. He 
handed the robbers (whose faces were blacked and muffled) 
a purse, saying it was all he had, for luckily he had a few days 
before invested $1000. Not satisfied with this, they beat him 
and his wife, at three or four heats, so dreadfully, on their 
heads, with the butt ends of their pistols, to extort further dis- 
closures, that they both died of their wounds a few days after. 
Their negro. Jack, a stout fellow, when he heard the noise, 
mounted the kitchen loft, and drew the steps after him. Then 
seizing a scythe from the rafters, when they bid him come 
down he flatly refused, and bid them do their best. They then 
went off, and were never discovered. 

Capt. Samuel Seaman, at Jerusalem, had his store well 
barred, but it was robbed in the daytime by a party under 
John Colt, who came from Norwalk, and lurked about Bread 
and Cheese Hollow one night. They set a guard over the 
family and rummaged the house. His wife had taken a hand- 
kerchief of gold and silver from its hiding place, to get out 
some change, and placed it on the tester of the bed. They 
took that, some clothing, and goods from the store. They 
threatened to stave his li/juors unless he would ransom them ; 
but on his refusal, they w§nt off. 

On one occasion Capt. Seaman and Luke Fleet, who had 
been robbed, went over to Norwalk and had the robbers ar- 
rested, but they were rescued by a mob from New Canaan. 

One foggy morning as Hallet Jones was going to the Bay 



OYSTER BAY. 203 

he saw a gun-boat at anchor by the Shell Bank, and no person 
on board. He rowed up and took possession, first taking her 
long-boat from her fastening on shore. Directly the crew (who 
had gone ashore in quest of wood) returned and begged to be 
restored to the possession of their boat, promising money and 
what not. But Mr. Jones was deaf to their entreaties, and fired 
a lee gun, which drew a company of militia to the spot, who 
secured the crew. They were examined, when the Captain 
plead a wife and children who would be distressed at his de- 
tention, and promising better for the future, all were discharged. 
The prize was sold and the money divided among the mihtia, 
leaving Mr. Jones nothing but a good conscience for his pains. 

366. Whereas. Martha, wife of Thos. Coffield, lieutenant in 
the North Carolina Regiment, i.s concealed from him, (sup- 
posed by her mother, Melissa Carman, of Hempstead,) to 
keep her from going^with her loving husband to Nova Scotia 
or St. Augustine, the public are cautioned, &c. — Biv., Sep. 10, 
'83. 

367. A Miss H., near Hempstead, had formed an intimacy 
with a Highlander, against the wishes of her friends. But 
when the British forces were about to evacuate the Island, she 
was missing. The distressed father expressed his apprehen- 
sions to the commanding officer that his daughter had eloped, 
and was now in the company of her lover. Forthwith the men 
were drawn up, and the father walked along the ranks, when 
he discovered his daughter in the guise of a soldier, by the 
whiteness of the skin where the garter is usually tied, 

A soldier of a regiment of foot that lay at Fester's Meadow 
fell in love with a Miss B. Her friends removed her to Solo- 
mon Foster's, at the Alley. The soldier discovering where she 
was, attempted one night to carry her off, but was shot by Sol- 
omon, for which he was put in Provost. 

OYSTER BAY. 

368. Whereas many of the drivers of wagons of the differ- 
ent counties on Long Island, who were impressed from time to 
time into his Majesty's service, are deserted and run away, 
which occasions many of the horses being lost and neglected : 



204 



ARMED OCCUPATION. 



this is therefore to inform all masters of such wagons and 
teams, and their drivers, that if they do not immediately return 
to take care of their wagons and teams, and do their duty as 
drivers, that the Quarter Master General will not be answera- 
ble for the loss of any of the wagons or teams. Dated at Gen. 
Delancy's head quarters, at Oyster Bay, Nov. 14, '76. 

OLIVER DELANCY, Brig. Gen. 
Wm. Sheriff, Dep. Quarter Master Gen.* 

* He returned to New- York with wagons, Nov. 24. 

[Tunis Bogart and Andrew Hegeman were impressed to cart ammu- 
nition for the British army, and were present at Wliite Plains and Fort 
Washington. They also saw the execution of Capt. Hale (Sept. 26) on 
an apple-tree near Col. Rutgers'. Hale was surrounded by a circle of 
spectators, men and women, who were much disgusted at the brutality of 
Cunningham. Hale said Washington had requested him to get informa- 
tion about the British army, and that he must submit to death, if such 
was the rule of war. The women sobbed aloud. — Ed.] 

369. In November, '76, the mind of N. Dayton, of Conn., 
was filled with gloomy apprehensions for the fate of his coun- 
try, and by the strongest assurances of the safety and peace 
he might enjoy under the refugees on Long Island, he was 
deluded to abscond and place himself under their protection. 
But on his arrival at Delancy's head quarters, he was tyran- 
nically compelled to bear arms, under pain of military execu- 
tion ; whereupon, he escaped from his military bondage the 
same month. — Hin. Conn., p. 305. 

[Howe sent British emissaries (who were often caught and 
hung) to enlist and decoy over from New England all tmiid 
and secretly disaffected persons. — Ed.] 

370. A''. Haven, Dec. 14, '77. Peggy and cargo. Darby Doyle, 
master, navigated with 40 men, under a commission of Val. 
Jones, to supply New- York with fuel, forage and provisions, 
was taken by Peter GrifRng, captain of a company of Rangers'. 

371. Dec. 15, '77. The sloop Dove and cargo was taken 
in Cold Spring harbor, by Thomas Sellew, in the armed sloop 
Lucy. 

372. Dec. 22, '77, Gaine. Sunday night, 14th, the rebels 



OYSTER BAY. 205 

landed at Cold Spring, and carried oft' two market boats loaded 
with flaxseed, wood, cider, &c., &c. 

373. The Industry, Capt. Ab'm Selleck, from Oyster Bay 
to New- York, loaded with 15 cords wood, 17 half-barrels of cider 
and vinegar, 7 or 8 bags of meal, and rigging and sails for 
another vessel, was taken, Feb. '77, by the Flying Fish, of 
Rye. 

374. Riv., March 7, '78. About 12 o'clock, March 3d, 
seven men, with arms, were discovered crossing Lloyd's Neck, 
bending their course for the narrow beach that leads off" the 
Neck. They were pursued and taken by David Lion, Wm. 
Pack, John, Jonathan, Jabez and Jared Cable, and eight more 
loyal refugees. They appeared to be the noted Wm. S. Scud- 
der and his gang, as appears from the following confession. 

" Sept., '76, I quitted Long Island, and after several differ- 
ent routes, &c., soon after Capt. Samuel Richards was taken 
from Connecticut, came over to Hog Island, as a pilot to one 
John Bessie, to take Squire Smith ; but missed of him, and 
took a Q,uaker, and plundered the house of considerable value. 
I was one in all the expeditions to Long Island, at Setauket 
and elsewhere ; and had the command of the boat, and was 
the person who took Mr. Ireland, at Mr. Haviland's house. 
A while after this, I was sent over by Gen. Parsons, to lie in 
wait to prevent driving off the stock, taking off" the forage, &c. 
from the east end of the island, provided the Gen. landed with 
force to maintain his ground, &c. Upon his being disappoint- 
ed, I made my escape from the island. 

" Some time after, I was of the party that came over and 
took two sloops out of Cold Spring Harbor. I was also one of 
the party that took Mr. Tobias and his goods, from P^resh 
Pond. I also was one of the party that lately came over and 
burnt three vessels that were cast away on Long Island, when 
coming from R. I., and my design now in coming over was 
to collect Avhat we could from the wrecks then burnt. We 
got some things out of Samuel Skidmore's cider-mill house 
and made his negro get up his team and cart them down to 
the shore. We then attempted to go over to the other shore 
but the wind coming ahead and it setting in extreme cold nnd 

}0 



206 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

freezing our fingers, feet, &c., we were obliged to make for the 
first land before the wind, which proved to be Lloyd's Neck. 
Witness my hand, WM. SMITH SCUDDER. 
FvLER Dibble, > ,^..,,^^^^^^_ March 3, '78. 

Wm. GlUARME, ^ 

The prisoners, on Saturday afternoon, March 7, were 
brought to New-York, in the boat of the Halifax, Capt. 
Q,uarme,* and secured in the Provost guard.f 

* The first guard ship in the mouth of Oyster Bay was the Halifax, 
Capt. Quarme ; after two years she was condemned. Then Capt. Riley, 
who became superannuated, next was Capt. Townsend, who was ashore 
sick at Wm. Ludlam's, when a fleet of American vessels run along side 
in open day and took his vessel. (See 403.) The British had been 
expecting their own fleet of privateers, and so did not suspect the trick. 
Capt. Peebles also commanded here ; who was surprised in Hempstead 
Harbor. The Grana frigate, Capt. Negle, K. B., was also a guard ship 
here. 

t New Haven, March 18, '78. About a fortnight ago twelve or fourteen 
persons, in two boats, crossed the Sound from Norwalk to Long Island. 
One returned with her company, who were severely frost-bitten : the 
other was taken and carried to New- York with her company, (six in 
number,) who were also much frost-bitten. 

375. March 9, '78. Lieut. Col. Emerick wishes to raise six 
companies of foot, to consist of 360 men ; and two troops of 
light dragoons, to consist of 100, who will immediately receive 
their bounty, before attested ; pay, clothing and provision 
regular, agreeable to the King's allowance, without clipping 
or deduction. Refugees paid the price of their horses. His 
eoldiers live like gentlemen, and he treats all who behave well as 
brothers. Apply to Capt. Henry Seton, at Huntington, Oyster 
Bay and Jericho, who gives $5 over and above the King's 
bounty. 

GOD save the KING. 

376. March 25, '78. John Ireland, an inhabitant of Long 
Island, taken a prisoner in arms against the United States, (at 
Lloyd's Neck, Nov. 26, '77.) was permitted to return to procure 
necessary clothing, &c., by giving his parol, and to return and 
deliver himself up in 30 days. — Hinmari's ConH. 

377. April 27, '78, Riv. Last Monday evening two row 



• OYSTER BAY. 207 

gallies and an armed vessel crossed from Connecticut to 
Lloyd's Neck, where a party of loyal refugees were cutting 
wood ; who, upon being attacked, retreated to a house, in 
which they defended themselves with great bravery and reso- 
lution upwards of six hours : but their ammunition being all 
expended, they were obliged to submit to superior force. Next 
morning the rebels carried their prisoners, 18 in number, over 
to Connecticut. The house in which the refugees fought and 
surrendered is perforated in many places by the shot of the 
rebels. 

378. May 2, '78, Biv. Fyler Dibble,* with sixteen wood- 
cutters, was taken off Lloyd's Neck, April 26, by a galley car- 
rying a 12 pounder, four whale boats, and 50 or 60 men. The 
alarm reaching the men-of-war on that station, the ship's boats 
pursued, but to no purpose, although they persevered so long 
as to talk to each other, and did not retire till they had received 
two heavy fires from their 12 pounder, graped, and all their 
musquetry. 

* Dibble was a refugee, whose estate at Stamford was confiscated. 
He committed suicide at Nova Scotia, goaded, as is said, by a guilty 
conscience. 

379. May 22, '78. Con. Gaz. " Last week [May 5] a small 
boat commanded by Capt. Adanison, from eastward, with six 
men and ten swivels, went into Oyster Bay and fell in with the 
tender of the British ship Raven. The tender mounted eight 
swivels, and had nine men with wall-pieces. The boat, after 
discharging her swivels and small arms, boarded and carried 
her, and next morning brought her into Stamford. She had 
on board three hogsheads of rum, several casks of bread, beef 
and other articles for the ship, with some dry goods. The 
Raven is hovering around the harbor continually, and seems 
quite disconsolate at the loss of her young." 

380. June 8, '78. Wednesday last the rebel schooner 
Wild Cat, of 14 swivels and 40 men, came from Connecticut 
to Oyster Bay, and landed 14 of her crew, who shot several 
sheep [at Oak Neck?], but a number of the inhabitants ap- 
pearing in arms, they made off. This vessel, by having a 



208 ARMED OCCUPATION. • 

great number of oars, takes advantage of every calm to cross 
over and pillage the loyalists on Long Island. — Riv. 

381. June 27, '78. Three or four whale boats attempted to 
land at Lloyd's Neck and attack the wood-cutters. They were 
cut off by the activity of a detachment of Delancy's brigade, 
who suddenly manned some boats. It is said they also cut off 
and secured two armed brigs, which were to cover the whale 
boats. — Riv. 

382. June 29, '78, Gaine. Last Wednesday, a number of 
whale boats, well manned, from Connecticut, convoyed by the 
Wild Cat galley and a little sloop, formerly the Raven's tender, 
made their appearance at Lloyd's Neck, in order to harass his 
Majesty's wood-cutters, and soon took a boat then going out of 
the harbor, which they endeavored to carry off, but were im- 
mediately pursued and attacked by a number of boats from the 
ships, when the Wild Cat, Raven's tender, and the wood boat, 
were taken, as also some of the whale boats. Thirty men were 
made prisoners and two killed, without any loss on our side. 

383. All gentlemen volunteers, able and willing to serve his 
Majesty King George III., in that respectable regiment called 
the Prince of Wales' Royal American Volunteers, commanded 
by his Excellency Brig. Gen. Brown, will hear of the particu- 
lar advantages of that corps by repairing to Lieut. Col. Pattin- 
son, at his camp, on Lloyd's Neck, where they will receive a 
complete suit of new clothes, arms, accoutrements, &c., and 
one guinea more than his Majesty's most gracious bounty. 
'Tis more than probable those Avho enlist will for some months 
be able to earn 15s. to 20s. per day. Gaine, June 29, '78. 

384. Hartford, Sept. 3, '78. Maj. Grey, of Col. Meig's 
regiment, brought off from Lloyd's Neck 15 tories, and killed 
three — all from Conrtecticut. 

385. Sept. 7, '78, "Gaine. A sloop with some provisions, 
and a boat loaded with wood, were taken at Lloyd's Neck last 
Wednesday, by a privateer sloop from Connecticut. A great 
abundance of armed whale boats are cruising in many parts 
of the Sound, and 'tis feared will much interrupt our market 
boats. 



OYSTER BAY. 



209 



386. Sept. 12, '78, Riv. A party of rebels came over from 
Connecticut to Oyster Bay Thursday evening last, plundered 
the house of Wm. [now Joshua] Cock of goods to the amount 
of £140. They made Mr. C. and his family carry the goods 
near two miles, to their Avhale boat, and got otf unmolested. 
And on Saturday a number of freebooters, in two boats, came 
over to Red Spring, and robbed the houses of Jacob Carpenter 
and John Weekes of a quantity of valuable effects, and then 
made off; but returned Saturday evening to Oak Neck, and 
robbed two unfortunate weavers. The principal of these vil- 
lains is named Carehart. who some time ago came over from 
Connecticut and pretended to be a friend to government, and 
was treated with the greatest hospitality and kindness by the 
very persons whose property he has carried off. 

Nov. 30, '78, Poughkeepsie. 'Tis reported that the last 
fleet of the enemy that sailed from New-York, has returned 
and landed on Long Island, where they are building huts. 

387. Dec. 10, '78, Holt. Reports from Long Island say the 
British troops are building huts or barracks at Jericho,* not far 
from Hempstead. 

[The Hessians lay about Norwich, Jericho, Westbury and 
Cedar Swamp. They lay in Wolver Hollow two or three 
summers and one winter, and had tents under the hill by Andris 
Bogart's, and took the sacrament in the Dutch church. 

When they wanted boards for barracks, they took them 
wherever they could find them. They stripped the boards off 
I. R.'s blacksmith shop. He then gave them a couple of 
bushels of potatoes, if they would not steal any thing. No 
sooner had they gone, than he missed his axe. On overtaking 
the soldiers, the axe and some geese they had elsewhere pick- 
ed up, wereTound hid under the boards. On his remonstrating, 
the officer said, '• They are^such a pack of thieves, you can 
keep nothing from them." 

The impressing of teams was very annoying. No matter 
how urgentjyour business, whether ploughing, going to mill, on 
a visit, at church, or at a funeral, the team must go. I. R. had 
a black boy and team impressed, on the road, to carry baggage 
to Easthampton, and knew not what had become of them till 



210 ARMED OCCUPATION- 

the boy returned with his feet frozen. I. R. was himself met 
in his wagon and pressed, but he resolutely refused to go, 
though a bayonet was put to his breast. They took his team, 
however, which he gave up for lost. Some time after, hear- 
ing they were in New- York, he sent his brother B. for them, 
who having no scruples, received 8s. a day for their use. One 
season the Hempstead troop took oft' nine loads of his hay ; 
and those from Jericho the rest.f 

When the Hessians first came to Westbury, a guard was 
set to protect the meeting-house, but was withdrawn at the 
request of Friends. The officers occasionally attended meet- 
ing, and sat very commendable. — Ed. 

* The Legion lay at Jericho, and built a fort called Fort Nonsense, on 
a hill around Dr. Townsend's barn, now Jackson's. 

t When forage was carried off in this manner, a certificate was usu- 
ally given, on presenting which at the forage office. New- York, the 
holder received his pay at proclamation prices. Doubtless a great deal 
was taken (especially from whigs) and never paid for. 

Gen. Putnam to Gov. Clinton. 

388. Cajnp, at Beading, Dec. 22, '78. 

Sir — This letter will be handed your Excellency by Capt. 
Wm. Skudder, (see 374) who I understand has your commis- 
sion to cruise the Sound in an armed boat against the enemies 
of the United States ; under color of which, I am further 
informed, he has within a few days been on to Long Island 
and brought off a quantity of goods. These Lieut. Col. Grey, 
stationed at Norwalk, has seized and holds in his hands, until 
some legal adjudication can be had. 

The particulars of this affair, and the conduct of several 
other persons, inhabitants of your State, will be reported to 
your Excellency by Brig. Gen. Parsons, who is entirely 
acquainted with the subject, and possessed of the original 
evidence concerning it. 

As this is a matter which falls under your immediate cog- 
nizance, I thought proper to make this representation of it, 
and to inform you that the orders of the Commander-in-Chief 
are, that no kind of property be taken from any person under 
pretence of its belonging to tories. 



OYSTER BAY. 211 

These orders I am determined shall be most punctually 
complied with by the troops under my command, and tliat 
every violation of them shall be severely punished. 

With regard to those who are not accountable to me for 
their conduct, I shall take no more upon myself than to inform 
those to whom they are, of the circumstances : that the inno- 
cent may be exculpated, and blame (if there be any) fall only 
where it is merited. 

I wrote to his Excellency, the Commander-in-Chief, and 
Gov. Trumbull, on the abuses committed in the Sound and on 
Long Island, some days ago ; and should have troubled your 
Excellency on the same subject, by the first opportunity, had 
not this affair occurred. 

As to Mr. Skudder personally, I know nothing to his disad- 
vantage, but have heard that he is a brave man, has suffered 
much, and done considerable service in the cause of his coun- 
try. All that I wish is that justice may take place, to which I 
know you are equally disposed. 

I am your Excellency's obedient, humble servant. 

389. All gentlemen volunteers and others, emulous of serv- 
ing their King and country, and willing to share the laurels 
of victory with the brave fellows belonging to the dueen's 
Rangers, are desired to repair to the head quarters of the 
regiment, at Oyster Bay, where they will receive every en- 
couragement of bounty, pay, clothing, and all other necessaries 
to form the complete soldier. The many advantages this 
corps has in particular, and the public honors it has frequently 
received, will be sufficient to induce gallant and good men to 
join the regiment. All persons bringing an approved recruit 
shall receive one dollar. Dec. 2, '78, jRiv. 

390. Lieut. Col. Simcoe arrived at Oyster Bay Nov. 19, '78. 
As it was understood the village was to be the winter canton- 
ment of the corps, no time was lost in fortifying it. The very 
next day the whole corps was employed in cutting fascines. 
There was a centrical hill, which totally commanded the vil- 
lage, and seemed well adapted for a place of arms ; the outer 
circuit of this hill, in the most accessible places, was to be for- 
tified by sunken fleches, joined by abattis, and would have 



212 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

contained the whole corpr ; the summit was covered by a 
square redoubt, and was capable of holding 70 men; platforms 
were erected in each angle, for the field pieces, and the guard- 
house in the centre, cased and filled with sand, was rendered 
musket-proof, and looped so as to command the platforms and 
surface of the parapets ; the ordinary guard of 20 was 
sufficient for its defence. Some of the militia assisted in work- 
ing one day when Sir Wm. Erskine came to Oyster Bay inten- 
tionally to remove the corps to Jericho, a quarter the Legion was 
to quit in order to accompany him to the east end of the island. 
Lieut. Col. Simcoe represented to him that in case of the ene- 
my's passing the Sound, both Oyster Bay and Jericho were at 
too great a distance from any post to expect succor, but that 
Jericho was equally liable to surprise as Oyster Bay ; that its 
being farther from the coast was no advantage, as the enemy, 
acquainted with the country and in league Avith the disaffected 
inhabitants of it, could have full time to penetrate undiscovered 
through the woods, and that the vicinity of Oyster Bay to the 
sea coast would enable him to have a more watchful eye over 
the landing places, and to acquire a knowledge of the princi- 
ples of the inhabitants in these important situations ; and that 
provisions from New- York might be received by water. Sir 
W. Erskine was pleased to agree with Lieut. Col. Simcoe ; and 
expressed himself highly satisfied with the means that had been 
taken to ensure the post ; and on his representation the corps 
was permitted to remain in its present cantonments. There 
was a small garrison at Lloyd's Neck, within twelve miles of 
Oyster Bay; a feint in case of attack would serve to have kept 
this post within its redoubts. The nearest cantonment was at 
Jamaica, where the British grenadiers lay ; this was almost 30 
miles from Oyster Bay. The Kew England shore was not 
more than 12, and in many places but 7 or 8 miles over ; and 
there were many favorable landing places within a mile or two 
of Oyster Bay. The enemy could raise any number of men 
for such an expedition. Gen. Parsons lay with some regular 
troops in the vicinity, and there were whale boats sufficient to 
carry 2000 men, who in three hours might attack the canton- 
ment. The situation was an anxious one, and required all the 
vigilance and system of discipline to prevent an active enemy 



OYSTER BAY. 213 

from taking advantage of it. Every separate quarter was loop- 
holed and surrounded with abattis in such a manner that it 
could not be forced. A house [the New Light Meeting House] 
was moved bodily to the rear, near to the beach, where the 
Highland and Grenadier companies were quartered. A gen- 
eral plan of defence Avas calculated for the whole ; and proper 
orders were given in case of attack. Patroles were frequently 
made ; the friendly inhabitants were on the watch ; and some 
depredations having been committed, convalescent soldiers of 
good characters were sent to lodge in the houses of those in 
the vicinity who chose it ; and signals were appointed to be 
made by the country people in case any plunderers were out, 
on which sentinels were to be placed on each barrack and the 
rolls immediately called ; by these and other precautions, ma- 
rauding was effectually prevented. 

The situation of Oyster Bay was extremely well calculated 
to secure the health of the soldiery : the water was excellent ; 
there was plenty of vegetables and oysters to join with their 
salt provisions ; and bathing did not a little contribute, with the 
attentions of the officers to cleanliness, to render them in high 
order for the field ; nor were they without sufficient exercise ; 
the garrison in New- York being in great want of forage. Oys- 
ter Bay became a central and safe deposit for it, and frequent 
expeditions towards the eastern and interiorparts of the island 
were made to enforce the orders of the commander-in-chief in 
this respect ; excursions were also made to execute other or- 
ders relative to the intercourse with the inhabitants of the rebel 
coast, and to escort messengers, &c., between Sir W. Erskine, 
who commanded on the east end of the island, and Jamaica. 
When the weather permitted, the corps was frequently exer- 
cised together, particularly in occupying ground, on the sup- 
position of the enemy's landing to attack the post ; they were 
shown how to make and navigate rafts constructed on the sim- 
plest principles and with the slightest materials. The troop 
were instructed in the regular and methodical mode of dressing 
and feeding the horses. The corps had been constantly exer- 
cised in the firing motions and the charging with bayonets on 
their respective parades ; as the season opened they were as- 
sembled together ; they were particularly trained to attack a 

10* 



214 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

supposed enemy posted behind railing — the common position of 
the rebels ; they were instructed not to fire, but to charge their 
bayonets with their musl<ets loaded, and upon their arrival at 
the lence, each soldier to take aim at their opponents, who were 
then supposed to have been driven from it. The light infan- 
try and hussars were taught to gallop through woods, and 
acting together, the light infantry learnt to run by holding the 
horses' manes ; the cavalry were also instructed, as the infan- 
try lay flat upon the ground, to gallop through their files. 

April 18, '79, a party of Refugees [led by Capt. Bonnel, 
with Capt. Glover and Lieut. Hubbell,] went from Oyster Bay, 
being furnished with arms agreeable to an order from Head 
duarters, to take the Generals Parsons and Silliman, from the 
opposite shore. They did not risk the attack on Gen. Parsons, 
but brought Brigadier Silliman to Oyster Bay. He was sent 
next day to New-York. — Journal, 93-99. 

The Glueen's Rangers, 360 in number, in great health and 
activity, left their cantonments May 18, for King's Bridge. 

VALENTINE : 
rrom Lieut. Col. J. G. Simcoe, to Miss Sarah Townsend ; written and delivered 
at Oyster Bay, L. I., Valentine's Day, (1779.) 
Fairest Maid ! wliere all are fair, 
Beauty's pride and Nature's care ; 
To you my heart I must resign, 
O choose me for your Valentine ! 

Love, Mighty God, thou know'st full well, 
Where all thy mother's graces dwell, 
Wliere they inhahit and combine 
To fix thy power with spells divine ; 
Thou know'st what powerlul magick list 
Within the round of Sarah's eyes, 
Or darted thence, like lightning fires, 
And Heaven's own joys around inspires j 
Thou know'st my heart will always prove 
The shrine of pure, unchanging love ! 
Say, awful God, since to thy throne 
Two ways that lead are only known, — 
Here gay Variety presides, 
And many a youthful circle guides 
Through paths where lilies, roses sweet, 
Bloom and decay beneath their feet, 
Here Constancy, with sober mien, 
Regardlesg of the flowery scene, 
With myrtle crowned that never fadei, 
lo silente B6ek« the cypresi shades, 



OYSTER BAY. 215 

Or, fix'd near Contemplation's cell, 

Chief with the Muses loves to dwell, 

Leads those who inward feel and burn, 

And often clasps the abandon'd urn, — 

Say, awful God, didst thou not prove 

Wy heart was formed for constant love ? 

Thou saw'st me once on every plain 

To Delia pour the artless strain — 

Thou wept'st her death and bad'st me chang* 

My happier days, no more to range 

O'er hill, o'er dale, in sweet employ 

Of singing Delia, Nature's joy ; 

Thou bad'st me change the pastoral seen*, 

Forget my crook ; wiih haughty mien 

To raise the iron spear of war, 

Victim of grief and deep despair ; 

Say, must I all my joys forego, 

And still maintain this outward show? 

Say, shall this breast, that's framed to feel. 

Be ever clad in horrid steel ; 

Nor swell with other joys than those 

Of conquest o'er unworthy foes? 

Shall no fair maid with equal fire 

Awake the flames of soft desire ? 

My bosom, form'd for transport, bum 

And raise my thoughts from Delia's urn ? 

" Fond youth," the God of Love replies, 

" Your answer take from Sarah's eyes." 

[I am indebted for the above to Silvanus Miller, Jr. — Ed.] 

391. The Five Brothers, schr. 24 tons, Abm. Cock, master, 
was taken below high water mark, Feb. 3, '79, nine miles west 
of Huntington Harbor, by Capt. Elderkin, of the True Blue. 
A sloop of 45 tons, the property of one Youngs, going to New- 
York, was taken on the high seas, four miles west of Oyster 
Bay, Feb. 15, '79. 

392. March 10, '79, Riv. Two Guineas Reward. De- 
serted from Capt. Miles's company, 3d battalion of Delancy's 
brigade, Daniel Wingfield — had on a short blue coat, red trou- 
sers, large round hat, and is supposed to be gone on board 
some privateer. Whoever takes him up and secures him in 
the Provost till I can be acquainted with it, at the quarters of 
the battalion, Lloyd's Neck, shall receive two guineas reward. 

ELIJAH MILES. 

393. New Haven, May 11, '79. The Charming Sally and 



216 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

cargo was taken in Oyster Bay by T. White, in a continental 
armed schooner. 

394. June 16, '79, Riv. On the night of 9tli inst. a party of 
rebels crossed the Sound and came to the house of Clark Cock, 
at Oyster Bay, and plundered him of cash to a considerable 
amount, and goods to the value of £400 and upwards. 

395. June 23, '79, Riv. Some days ago a party of rebels 
came over to Tredwcll's farm, L. I., conducted by Major Brush, 
and carried off" Justice Hewlett and Capt. Youngs. Since 
which the refugees went over to Greenwich and returned with 
thirteen prisoners ; also with forty-eight cattle and four horses. 
The militia guard took a whale boat with three solitary Jona- 
thans on board. 

396. June 28, '79, Gaine. Last week a whale boat came 
near to Musquito Cove to carry ofF a boat lying there. Being 
observed to approach, a few men from the shore got on board 
unperccived, with arms, and as soon as the wliale boat came 
nigh enough, gave the rebels such a dose, that three were 
killed the first fire j when they went olF with the greatest pre- 
cipitation. 

397. July 3, '79, Riv. Last Monday night a party of rebels, 
supposed from Horse Neck, headed by one Benjamin Kirby, 
(whose father lives on Long Island, near where he landed, and 
is known to be an atrocious rebel,) at 12 at night attacked the 
house of Abraham Walton, Esq., at Pembroke, Musquito Cove, 
forced open the door with the butt ends of their muskets, seized 
upon Mr. Walton's person, who was much indisposed in bed, 
used him coarsely, forced him to walk four miles, plundered the 
house, took away all the silver plate they could find, and de- 
manded Mrs. Walton's money, which she delivered. They then 
proceeded to the neighbors, as Dr. Brooks, Albert Coles, and 
eight more very respectable and loyal inhabitants, and carried 
them all off together to Connecticut, where they were to be in- 
terrogated by Gen. Lewis Morris, of Morrisiana. Kirby is a 
native of Long Island, and had taken the oath of allegiance, 
but on d'Estaing's arrival at Sandy Hook, he revolted to Jona- 
than. 



OYSTER BAY. 217 

398. July 31/79, Rit. Last Tuesday morning. 2 o'clock, John 
Townsend. Esq., of Oyster Bay, was carried off by the rebels, 
[led by Jonas Youngs.] who robbed his house of many valua- 
ble articles, [silver tankard, linen, &c..] and partly demolished 
it At the same time W. Sutton, of Maroneck, and a young 
man named Arnold Fleet, were carried off to Stamford and pa- 
roled. [The men carried their boat over the beach. Their 
sentinel, not hearing the signal, was left behind, euid wandered 
about on MUI j\eck till starvation forced him to give up.] 

July 31. '79, Riv. The frigate Restoration (formerly Oli- 
ver CromweU) is now fitting for sea. and in sis days will join 
the Associated Refugee Fleet in Huntington Harbor, etnd in- 
tends soon to pay a visit to the rebel coast. AU good sea- 
men wiU receive five gtiineas advance and £3 sterling per 
month, and one share of all property tciken from His Majesty's 
revolted subjects. 

399. Capt. Sandford's-Company of Bucks county Dragoons, 
Capt. Diemar's hussars, and the Queen's Rangers. aU under 
command of Lieut. Col. Simcoe. marched from King's Bridge 
for Oyster Bay. Aug. 13. '79 : the Cavalrj- and cannon by the 
route of Hell Gate, and the Infantry by Frog's Xeck. and ar- 
rived at Oyster Bay the 17th. Simcoe left Oyster Bay Oct. 
19. His cavalry marched to Jericho, where they remained un- 
der Lieut. Col. Tarlton. and the infantry to Jamaica, which 
proceeded to Yellow Hook, and embarked the 24th. Shortly 
after the hussars of the Queen's Rangers and Capt. Sand- 
ford's troop went from Jericho to Staten Island. — Simcoe's 
Journal, p. 110. 

400. Sept. 8, '79, New Haven. A whale boat crossed the 
Sound a few nights past, and brought off from near Lloyd's 
Neck thirteen men and some plunder. Among the prisoners 
was one Glover, that headed the party which carried off Gen. 
Silliman and son. 

401. Xew London, Oct. 6, '79. Last Monday five vessels 
went into Oyster Bay and captured a guard brig pierced for 
14 gtms. but had only 10 mounted, a sloop of 6 guns, com- 
manded by Samuel Rogers, (who has been thrice taken and 
brought to this town since March last,) three other sloops and 



218 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

a schooner, taken from under a two-gun battery [on Lloyd's 
Neck] ; three of the prizes are laden with wood, and one, a 
large valuable Bermudian built sloop, in ballast. The prizes 
are all arrived in safe port. 

402. Fishkill, Dec. 9, '79. On the evening of Nov. 4, about 
25 volunteers under Capts. Hawley, Lockwood, and Jones, and 
Lts. Jackson and Bishop, crossed the Sound from Newfield 
(since Bridgeport) to Stony Brook, near Smithtown, and 
marched to the house of the Hon. Thomas Jones, Justice of the 
Supreme Court of New- York, at Fort Neck, (now Thomas F. 
Jones',) where they arrived about 9 o'clock on the evening of 
the 6th, hiding in the woods by day. The whole distance was 
52 miles. There was a ball in the house, and the noise of mu- 
sic and dancing prevented the approach of the adventurers be- 
ing heard. Capt. Hawley knocked at the door, and receiving 
no answer, forced it, and found Judge Jones standing in the en- 
try. He told him he was his prisoner, and immediately con- 
ducted him off and a young man named Hewlett. A guard of 
soldiers was posted at a small distance from their road. When 
they came near the spot, the Judge hemmed very loud, but 
was forbidden to repeat it. He did, however, but on being fur- 
ther threatened, desisted. An alarm arose, which obliged the 
men to retreat rapidly, travelling 30 miles the same evening, 
and to secrete themselves next day, by which time the British 
light-horse were near. The next evening they reached their 
boats, having taken two prisoners more, and arrived safe at 
Black Rock, Fairfield, on the 8th, except six men in the rear, 
who were overtaken and captured by the light-horse. Judge 
J. was taken to Middletown, and in May, '80, was exchanged 
for Gen. Silliman, a prisoner at Flatbush. Mr. H. was ex- 
changed for the General's son, one Washburn being thrown in 
as a make-weight. After the exchange, the Judge and General 
dined together. 

(See Thompson, I. 208.) [This was not the first time Jones was in 
durance in Connecticut, for it appears that," Sept. 24, '76, he was in the 
hands of the rebels, and Nov. 15, John Rapalje, of Brooklyn, in jail at 
Norwich, was permitted to go to Long Island and bring to Judge Jones and 
others with him in Norwich, such supplies of clothing and other necessa- 
ries as they might want ; but in Dec?, '76, the gentlemen sent from Long 



OYSTER BAY. 219 

Island to Norwich by Washington, had liberty to return home on pa- 
role." — Ed.] 

403. NexD Haven, A'br. 24,'79. Monday sen'nit, two small pri- 
vateers of 4 guns each, commanded by Capts. Lockwood and 
Johnson, ran into Oyster Bay under British colors, where were 
four wood vessels under protection of a large 8 gun brig, who 
asked the privateers '' Where from ?" and on being answered 
from New- York, they were permitted to run along the brig 
unsuspected, and boarding her, the people were surprised into 
an immediate surrender without even firing a gun, though 
manned with 20 stout fellows ; on which the other vessels also 
submitted, and were all brought out of port destined for Nor- 
walk or Stamford ; but on being pursued by some armed vessels 
from Huntington Harbor, the brig unluckily run on a reef of 
rocks near Norwalk Harbor, and fell again into the enemy's 
hands, who got her off and took her away. The other prizes 
got safe into port. 

The Lively, of 70 tons and a cargo of salt, was taken in Oys- 
ter Bay, Dec. 7, '79. 

404. June 17, '80, Riv. 10 guineas reward and reasonable 
charges paid. Stolen from the barn of Samuel Cock, Oyster 
Bay, on the night of the 14th, a bright bay stallion; from Geo. 
Underbill, a bay stallion ; from Daniel Underbill, a black mare ; 
from John Weekes, a bay horse. 

405. Ajig. 23, '80, Simcoe returned from the east end of 
the Island to Oyster Bay, where he saw Major Andre, and re- 
mained there and in its vicinity tilifSept. 22, when he marched 
to Jamaica and crossed to Staten Island, Oct. 8. Jour., p. 150. 

406. Dec. 11, '80. Solomon Aaron, living at Mr. Willis's, 
Jericho, is intent to leave. Those indebted to him &, Co., are 
desired to discharge their accounts. 

407. As there were many Loyalists who, from peculiar cir- 
cumstances, were unwilling to become soldiers by profession, 
though ardently inclined to take up arms and contribute their 
aid toward reducing the rebels; to embody and employ these, 
the Hon. Board of Associated Loyalists was established 
Dec. 28, '80, Wm. Franklin (former Governor of New Jersey 
and son of Dr. F.) President, with a view to annoy the sea 



220 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

coast of the revolted provinces and distress their trade, under a 
commission from Sir H. Chnton. The important post of Lloyd's 
Neck was put under their direction, and they were furnished 
with suitable armed vessels, provisions, arms and ammunition, 
to defend the post and carry on enterprises against the rebels. 

Co7iditions. 

1. Each associator was to receive 200 acres of land in North 
America. 

2. All captures made by them to be their own property. 

3. Prisoners taken by them to be exchanged for such Loy- 
alists as the Board may name. 

4. The sick and wounded to have the benefit of the King's 
hospital. A skilful surgeon, with a complete medical chest, to 
reside at Lloyd's Neck, and accompany the associators in their 
excursions. 

5. It will be their care to stop those distinguished cruelties 
with which colonial loyalists are treated, when in the hands of 
rebels, under the distinction of prisoners of war and prisoners 
of state. The Directors will omit nothing to make the rebels 
feel the just vengeance due such enormities. — Gaine. 

408. Feb. 23, '81. Lt. Col. Upham, Deputy Inspector Ge- 
neral of refugees, at Lloyd's Neck, (who distributed provisions, 
&c., among them,) had an address of thanks singned by 

Col. THO'S GILBERT, and 
Capt. JOHN COCHRAN. 

409. March 31, '81, Riv. Capt. Ives, of the Associated 
Loyalists, with 22 men in an unarmed schooner, commanded 
by Capt. Church, was sailing from City Island to Lloyd's Neck, 
in company with two other vessels armed with swivels, when 
he was attacked by four whale boats full of men, from Stamford, 
Avhich he beat off with muskets only, although the rebels took 
the armed vessels and turned the swivels against Ives' party. 
In the midst of the firing, two rebels were seen to fall overboard, 
and three others appeared disabled. Two boats, which after- 
wards drifted ashore, were bespattered with blood, and shot 
through in several places. One had a dead man, four muskets 
and several coats in it. Next morning another man was found 
dead on the shore. During the contest, Capt. Church was 



OYSTER BAY. 221 

forced to run his schooner on shore, when the rebels landed a 
party to annoy the loyalists more effectually, but were driven 
off by the militia of Long Island, who readily turned out. 

410. April 6, '81. At Lloyd's Neck are assembled 800 men, 
chiefly refugees and deserters from the American army. About 
500 of these are properly armed. Their naval guard consists 
of one vessel of 16 guns, two small privateers, and one galley. 
— Col. Talmadge. 

Just before the war, the Lloyds had cut off 100 acres of land 
around where the fort was afterwards built, in '78, so that half 
a mile east of the fort was clear. Here was the parade. South 
were the huts and gardens on a declivity. The vegetables 
were left in good condition when the place was evacuated. 
The wood had mostly been cvit off. The fort had a well 130 
feet deep, which Huntington was assessed £176 to pay for the 
digging of 

Two farms on Lloyd's Neck (Henry and James's) had pro- 
tections from Howe ; the rest owned by John, who lived at 
Stamford, and Joseph,* at Hartford, was confiscated, and the 
wood cut off for fuel for the King's troops. The wood was ex- 
ceedingly large, some trees growing 40 or 50 feet before a 
branch put out. All this wood (say 2000 cords,) was cut down 
most wastefuUy. The wood-cutters were great rogues, and 
would roll big logs they could not split, into the cords ; and 
when these were left by the wagoners, they would roll them 
into other cords, and thus make them serve three or four times. 

* Joseph had a negro slave, Jupiter Hammon, who was quite a lite- 
rary character, and published at Hartford, Dec, '79, an essay on the par- 
able of the Ten Virgins. — Ed. 

July 12, '81. Count de Barras, being at Newport, detached 
three frigates and 250 land troops to drive the loyalists from 
their fort at Lloyd's Neck. The expedition was joined in the 
Sound by several boats with American volunteers and pilots 
from Fairfield. They landed on the morning of the 12th, when 
it was discovered that the place was stronger than had been sup- 
posed, and not to be carried without cannon, which had not 
been provided. They were also ignorant [?] of the true point 
of attack. Two or three men were wounded by a cannon shot 
from the fort, when the party re-embarkcd. The British ves- 



222 



ARMED OCCUPATION. 



eels went up a river [?] beyond the reach of the French fri- 
gates. — Sparks^s Washington, VIII. 115. 

Plan of the attack on Lloyd's Neck. 

LONG ISLAND SOUND. 







o 

O/ster Boy 



O Col«lSpri'vi,g. 



o. Position of Wm. Ludlam at work in his harvest field when he saw the 

attack. 
6. Fort Franklin, designed to protect the wood-cutters, and refugees from 

New England, and used as a forage depot. 

c. Probable landing place of the French. 

d. A low narrow beach over which Ludlam saw the action between the 

vessels, at h. 

e. Brig of 8 or 10 guns under protection of the fort. 

/. A large sloop attacking the fort on the west side, the fort bringing one 

gun to bear on her. 
g. Probable place where the British armed schooner landed her guns, and 

mounted them in a battery on shore, and so beat off a 40 gun ship 

that came to the attack. 
h. A 40 gun ship attacking the British vessels, which are trying to keep 

out of her way. 

Narrative of the above affair as related tome by Wm. Ludlam, 
an eye witness, aged 90. 
Heathcoat Muirson, of Setauket, had made himself ac- 
quainted with the fort at Lloyd's Neck. It was a small square 



OYSTER BAY. 223 

fort and picketed, i. e., had trunks of trees with their branches 
sharpened set in the sides. It had only two guns mounted, 
and these on the west side, when Muirson saw it ; but on the 
very evening before the French landed, the British had just fin- 
ished mounting two guns on the east side. It was this that frus- 
trated tlie attempt, and not ignorance of the true point of attack. 
They supposed they were marching to the side where no guns 
were mounted. Muirson, the guide, was examining the works 
with a spy-glass, when a shot from the fort took off his arm, 
which was left on the ground, and supposed to belong to some 
high officer. He died of the wound, but described the spot so 
exactly, that his sister afterwards found the spy-glass in a bunch 
of briers where he had thrown it. 

Lt. Col. Upham^ Com''dnt. at LloycPs Neck, to Wm. Franklin : 

Fort Franklin, July 13, '81. 

Three large ships, five armed brigs, and other vessels ap- 
peared in Huntington Harbor, July 12, and landed at 8 o'clock 
450 men, mostly French, on the back of Lloyd's Neck, two 
miles from the fort. At 11, they formed in front of the fort, at 
a distance of 400 yards, in open view. Fearing they would get 
possession of a height on the right, the fort fired grape shot 
from two twelve pounders, when the French suddenly retreated. 
They left on the ground where they halted to dress the wound- 
ed, a number of surgeon's instruments, a great quantity of lint 
bandages, &c., a bayonet, sword, and a very large qviantity of 
port-fire and other materials for burning our houses ; also, some 
few fragments of coats and shirts ; and the grass besmeared 
with blood. 

I called on the Huntington militia, but saw nothing of them, 
nor was I disappointed. Capt. Youngs' troop, and Capt. Van 
Wyck's company of foot, came last evening to our assistance. 
They posted tliemselves on West Neck, and behaved exceed- 
ing well. Many refugees in our vicinity came likewise to our 
assistance. 

411. July 25, '81, Rlv. The night the French and rebels 
left Long Island, some of their followers, who called themselves 
" skmners," stopped at the house of John Butler, near Oyster 



224 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

Bay, and on his denying he had any money, fixed ropes to his 
and his son's necks, and threw them over the door, and had 
well nigh strangled both, to extort a confession where their 
cash was hid, but they continuing inflexible, were released from 
torture, when the " skinners" fleeced him of plate and goods to 
the amount of £300. Mr. Farley and Wright have since been 
robbed of considerable sumsof money by the same set of " skin- 
ners," 

412. July 25, '81, Riv. Two whale boats, the Association 
and Henry Chnton, crossed from Fort Franklin, on Lloyd's 
Neck, to Norwalk, and landed thirty-eight men, and leaving 
some boats concealed on the shore, returned to Long Island to 
escape observation, but were to be back again at a given hour. 
The party marched five miles from the shore and remained hid 
in the woods till two o'clock. When the good people of Mid- 
dlesex [now Darien] were assembled and devoutly praying for 
their great and good ally, Capt. Frost surrounded the sanctu- 
ary, and took fifty notorious rebels — their Rev. teacher at their 
head. Forty horses ready saddled were taken care of at the 
same time, and all safely brought to Long Island. [They 
were all ironed, two and two, on the green in front of Wooden's, 
Oyster Bay, and so marched to the Provost. We subjoin a 
poetic version of the affair, written by )Samuel St. John, school- 
master, one of the prisoners, which was kindly hunted up for us 
by E. C. Herrick, librarian of Yale College. — Ed.~\ 

July, the twenty-second day, 

Where Christians meet to sing and pray, 

In seventeen liundred eighty-one, 

A horrid action was begun ; 

While to the Lord they sing and pray. 

The Toiies, who in ambush lay, 

Beset the house with brazen face. 

At Middlesex, it was the place. 

A guard was placed the house before, 

Likewise behind and at each door. 

Then void of shame, those men of sin 

The sacred temple entered in. 

The Rev. Mather closed his book, 

How did the congregation look ! 

Those demons plundered what they could, 

Either in silver or in gold. 

The silver buckles which we use 

Both at the knees and on the shoes, 



OYSTER B^Y. ' 225 



These caitiffs took them in their rage — 

Had no respect to sex or age, 

And as they all were searching round, 

They several silver watches found. 

They who were placed as guards without. 

Like raging devils ranged about, 

Took forty horses to the shore, 

Not many either less or more, 

With bridles, saddles, pillions on. 

In a few minutes all was done. 

The men whom hence they took awav, 

Upon this sacred, awful day, 

Was forty-eight, besides two more 

They chanced to find ujion the shore. 

On board the shipping they were sent. 

But greatly feared the sad event. 

They hoisted sail, the Sound they crossed, 

And near Lloyd's Neck they anchored first ; 

Then every man must tell his name ; 

A list they took, and kept the same. 

Now twenty-four of fifty men 

Were ordered home again ; 

The twenty-six who staid behind, 

Most cruelly they were confined ; 

On hoard the brig were ordered quick, 

And were confined beneath the deck — 

A nasty hole with filth besmeared, 

But 'twas no more than what wc feared : 

Sad the confinement, dark the night. 

But then the Devil thought 'twas right; ♦ • • 

But to return whence I left off, 

They at our misery made a scoff. 

Like raving devils tore about. 

Swearing they'd tear our vitals out, 

That they'd no quarter ever give. 

Nor let a cursed rebel live ; 

But would their joints in pieces cut. 

Then round the deck like devils strut. 

July, the four-and-twentieth day. 

We all were sent to Oyster Bay. 

To increase our pains, and make us worse, 

They ironed just six pair of us; 

But as they wanted just one pair, 

An iron stirrup lying there, 

'Twas took, and on an anvil laid, 

On which they with a hammer paid; 

And as they beat it inch by inch. 

It bruised their wrists, at which they flinch. 

Those wretched caitiffs standing by, 

Would laugh to hear the sufferers cry ; 



226 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

Although I call them not by name. 
From Fairfield county many came; 
They were delighted with the rout, 
To see us rebels kicked about. 
Complaint was made by many now, 
But they were stript and plundered too; 
The officers heard them complain, 
Said all should be restored again ; 
But the complaint they soon repeat, 
And found their promise was a cheat ! 
Said they, " Those men are gone ashore ;' 
Whereat, we made complaint no more. 
A man on board soon after came, 
I think 'twas Joseph Smith by name ; 
For silver buckles which we lost. 
He gave us brass of little cost, 
With knives to use whene'er we feed. 
Which tools we very beldom need. 
Said he, " The presents you may have. 
And look upon them freely gave, 
Instead of what we took from you, 
'Tis ten times more than what was due." 

Next night we travelled in the rain, 
We begged for shelter, but in vain ; 
Dark was the night, the storm was bad, 
No food nor shelter could be had, 
Of spirits much we stood in need. 
But found 'twas but in vain to plead, 
Though almost naked to the skin, 
A dismal pickle we were in. 
Then to the Half-way-House we came, 
The Half-way-House 'tis called by name ; 
The people civilly behave, 
Made a good fire, some brandy gave, 
Of which we greatly stood in need, 
As we were wet and cold indeed. 
But ere the house we did obtain, 
We trembled so with cold and rain. 
Our irons jingled — well they might — 
We shivered so that stormy night. 
In half an hour, or thereabout, 
The orders were, "Come, all turnout, 
Ye rebel prisoners, shabbed crew, 
To loiter thus will never do." 
'Twas now about the break of day. 
We all were forced to march away; 
With what they ordered we comply, 
Though cold, nor yet one quarter dry ; 
We made a halt one half mile short 
Of whatii termed Brucklyn's Fort ; 



OYSTER BAY. 227 



Where we were hurried through the street : 
Some overtook us, some we meet. 
We, now traversing ihe parade, 
The awful figure which we made 
Cdus'd laughter, mirth, and merriment, 
And some wouhl curse us as they went. 
Their grandest fort was now hard by us, 
Tliey showed us that to terrify us ; 
They showed us all their bulwarks there, 
To let us know how strong they were ; 
Supposing we must thence cimciude 
That Brituin ne'er could be subdued, 
Then to the guard-house we were led, 
Where each received a crumb of bread j 
Not quite one mouthful, I believe. 
For every man, we did receive. 
We to the ferry came at last, 
Viewed by spectators, as -.ve past. 
The gazing rabble, tory throng, 
Wouhl curse us as we passed along. 
In boats the ferry soon we passed. 

And at New- York arrived at last. 

As through the streets we passed along. 

Ten thousand cur^es round us rung ; 

But some would laugh, and some would sneer, 

And some would grin, and some would leer; 

A mixed mob, a medley crew, 

I guess, as e'er the devil knew. 

To the Provost we then were hauled, 

Though we, of war, were prisoners called ; 

Our irons now were ordered off, 

The standers-by would swear and scoff. 

But O ! what company we found ; 

With great surprise we looked around ! 

I must conclude that in this place, 

We found the worst of Adam's race : 

Thieves, murderers, and pickpockets too. 

And every thing that's bad they'd do, 

One of our men found to his cost ; 

Three pounds, York money, he had lost. 

His pocket picked, I guess, before 

We had been there one single hour. 

We then found out, but thought it strange, 

We never were to be exchanged 

By a cartel, but for some men 

Whom they desired to have again — 

A pack with whom they well agree, 

Whi)are called the loyal company 

Or " Loyalists Associated," 

As by tbemselvci incorporated. 



228 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

Our food was called two-thirds in weight 

Of what a soldier has to eat ; 

We had no blankets in our need, 

Till a kind friend did intercede : 

Said he, " The prisoners suffer eo, 

'Tis quite unkind and cruel too; 

I'm sure it makes my heart to bleed, 

So great their hardship and their need." 

And well to us was the event. 

Five blankets soon to us were sent ; 

Small the allowance, very small, 

But better far than none at all. 

An oaken plank, it was our bod. 

And very scanty we were fed. 

In seven days, or thereabout, 

One Jonas Weed was taken out. 

And to his friends he was resigned, 

But many still were kept behind ; 

Soon after which some were paroled, 

Too tedious wholly to be told ; 

But the small-pox to some they gave, 

Nor tried at all their lives to save ; 

But rather sought their desolation, 

As they denied inoculation. 

To the srnall-pox there did succeed 

A putrid fever, bad indeed. 

As they before were weak and low, 

Soon from the stage of life they go. 

For wood we greatly stood in need. 

For which we earnestly did plead ; 

But one-tenth part of what we wanted 

Of wood, to us was granted : 

The boiling kettles which we had, 

They had no cover good or bad ; 

The worst of rum that could be bought, 

For a great price to us was brought ; 

For bread, the milk and sugar too. 

We had to pay four times their due. 

The cash and clothing which were sent, 

These wretched creatures did prevent, 

About a month, I do believe, 

Before we either did receive: 

But in New- York some friends did try 

To show their generosity : 

They very friendly were inclined, 

But knowing they must be confined 

If what they gave was ever known, 

(So wicked are the tories grown,) 

Some time it was, in the month November, 

But just the day I can't remember, 



OVSTEIl BAY. 229 

Full fort^ of us were confined, 
(s'o cruelly they were inclined,) 
In a small room, six days complete, 
With very l.ttle food to eat. 
Because there had been two or three. 
Who were notot our company, 
Who did attempt the other day. 
The tories said, to get away. 
Full eighteen days, or something more. 
We f lirly were exchanged, before 
Of the exchange they 1. 1 us know, 
Or from that place of bondage go, 
That of the number twenty-five, 
But just nineteen were left alive. 
Four days before December's gone, 
In seventeen hundred eighty-one. 

413. Lt. J. Hull, of Col. Fitch's corps, crossed the Sound on 
the evening of November 24, '81, in a whale boat navigated by- 
eight men, and landed near Hempstead Bay, where he left his 
boat with two men, and with the others marched to Musquito 
Cove, wliich makes in Hempstead Bay, (the entrance of which 
was guarded by an armed vessel.) where they found a canoe, 
on board of which they embarked and boarded nine vessels 
which lay in the cove, and made prisoners of sixteen men; and 
finding it impracticable to bring oft' the vessels, or any part of 
them, he ransomed them, paroled his prisoners, and returned 
without loss. — Con. Gaz. Dec. 14. 

414. Dec. 3, '81, Bit: Some whale boats came to Oyster 
Bay harbor from Connecticut last Monday night, and unrigged 
Mr. Sheddan's boat [at Ship Point,] and carried off" another, 
which was ransomed for £200. [Previous to this, Capt. S. had 
a vessel run ashore at Oak N. and set on fire by American pri- 
vateers. It was extinguished. — Ed.^ 

415. April 20, '82, Rio. Two guineas reward, and no ques- 
tions asked. Stolen, April 5, from the stable of Natli. Coles, 
near Oyster Bay, a fast trotting iiorse, supposed to have crossed 
White Stone Ferry. 

416. King's American Dragoons. 

Any likely and spirited young lads Avho are desirous of dis- 
tinguishing themselves by serving their King and country, and 
who prefer riding on horseback to going on foot, have an oppor- 
tunity of gratifying their inclinations : 10 guineas to volunteers 

11 



230 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

or 5 to any one who brings a recruit, and 5 to the recruit. For 
the convenience of those who may come from the continent by 
the way of Lloyd's Neck, an officer will constantly remain at 
that Post.— i?ti7., July 24, '82. (See 203.) 

417. Sep. 18, '82, Riv. As Capt. Thomas, of the Associ- 
ation, carrying ten 4 pounders and 30 men, was convoying a 
fleet of wood boats down the Sound, they were attacked off 
Tinnicock by 2 gun boats and 11 whale boats, manned with 200 
men, the largest boat having a brass 6 pounder in her bow. 
Capt. T. hid his men, housed his guns, and thus decoyed the 
boats within musket shot, when his men suddenly discharged 
their muskets, and canister shot from the 4 pounders. A num- 
ber fell, but they did not desist from their attack, but towed off 
detached vessels as it was a calm. They were, however, all 
retaken after a combat of six hours. These pickaroon gentry 
greatly infest our coast. 

418. Oct. 10, '82, New Haven. Sunday sen'night, the ene- 
my evacuated their post at Lloyd's Neck, demolished their 
works and removed the stores and garrison to New- York. 

419. The schooner Peggy, John Envidito, master, and her 
cargo of broadcloths, coating, linen and other goods, was taken 
Dec. 21, '82. 

420. Mar. 29, 'S3, Riv. All persons having demands against 
Major Scheele, of the Hessian Hanau Volunteers, lately de- 
ceased, will bring their accounts before April 5, to Vonden 
Helden, paymaster. Oyster Bay. 

N. JANECKE, Col. Com'dt. 

421. Aug. 20, '83, Riv. A party of armed men attacked 
the house of Capt. Israel Youngs, of Cold Spring, last Thurs- 
day night, and after vising him with great cruelty, carried off 
1100 guineas and 43 half Johanneses. Two hundred guineas 
reward for thieves and cash. 

422. A great variety of troops lay at Oyster Bay village 
during the war. Delancy's corps was the first. 

Fanning's corps, in charge of Major Grant, lay here one 
summer. They were rude and ill-behaved. An old bake- 
house, now Storr's stoie, was used as a Guard House. The 
streets were garnished with sentry boxes to protect the patrol 



OYSTER BAY. 231 

from the weather. These paraded the streets after 9 o'clock 
at night, when no one was allowed to pass without the coun- 
tersign. One evening a respectable young man, John Weeks, 
when challenged by the sentinel, instead of giving tlie counter- 
sign, left the road and ran otf across the fields. He was seized, 
tried, and sentenced to be whipped. He was accordingly tied 
up to a locust tree, in Iront of Townsend's, but before he re- 
ceived the full measure of his punishment, the cries of the 
youth and the frantic appeals of his mother and sister so 
wrought on the people, that by their interference he was set at 
liberty. 

The Queen's Rangers* were here in the winter of '78 and 
'79, when the Forage Fleet was suddenly frozen in during the 
Holidays ;t but the weather soon moderated so that peaches 
were in blossom early in March. 

Simcoe had his quarters at S. Townsend's. He cut down 
an orchard of excellent fruit, and formed an abattis of the trees 
for his fort on Fort Hill. The colonel was of a large frame, 
.heavy built, and fine-looking, but of feeble health. 

* Lt. Murray, of the " Rangers," pressed a wagon at Cedar Swamp, 
and then loaded it with provisions for his table, stealing pigs, geese, &c. 

t The intense cold weather within these two days has occasioned the 
quicksilver in the weather-glass to fail four degrees lower than for the 
last seven years. Several ships and many lives have been lost by the 
monstrous bodies of ice floating in our bay. — New- York paper, Dec. 28, 
•78. 

423. The British Legion (Tarlton's) under Major Cochran, 
also lay here, and at Jericho, but was not distinguished for good 
conduct. 

The Hesse Hanaus, Col. Janecke, lay here one winter, 
and left May 28, 1783. They were an ill-favored set of little 
men ; the gleanings of the German recruits. They ripped 
boards out of the Episcopal Church to make berths, barracks, 
&c. Others, following their example, took away piece after 
piece for firewood, till it blew down, and was sold at auction in 
1804. 

There was a noisy crowd in front of a store where the 
young people had passed the evening in conversation, when 
Stephen Lobden came out to see what was the matter. The 



232 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

guard fired and killed him. Such an outrage excited the peo- 
ple, and petitions were circulated praying for redress. The 
British Commandant at New- York sent up an otTicer to hear 
complaints. But no one dared to come forward, fearing the 
resentment of the Hessians, So nothing was done. During 
the day the officers were seen talking in groups in great excite- 
ment, and at night all the glass in the windows of S. Wooden, 
one of the petitioners, was broken. 

The 3d Battalion under Lieut. Col. Hewlett, lay here from 
June to August, after the peace. They left one Sunday morn- 
ing before day to escape observation. The British almost al- 
ways moved on a " first day." 

The soldiers were not billeted, but took an entire building 
to themselves. They also occupied the Baptist Meeting House 
(since removed and used as a barn) and the New Light Meet- 
ing House, Avhich was removed by Simcoe from the back road, 
now Sampson's to Cock's Lot. The Friends' Meeting House 
was used as a Commissary's Store, and had a guard at the door 
constantly. 

There was a long stack of liay north of Townsend's. Capt. 
Wickham, of the Queen's Rangers, was Forage Master. 

424. On one occasion, the Hessians were reported to be 
shooting among the sheep of John Kirk. Jonathan Haire 
loaded his gun and hastened to the field. Six sheep lay dead. 
He fired on the Hessians, when they left their booty. The 
bold fellow was taken before Col. Wurmb to answer for his 
ofl'ence. " Yovi are Mr. Haire, I suppose ?" '• I am, please 
your honor." '• Did you fire on these men?" " I did. I found 
them killing and stealing my neighbor's sheep." " I hope you 
will not do so again." " Indeed, I will," replied Haire. After 
a slight reprimand, he was allowed to depart.* 

* Jacobus Monfort, hearing a noise in his cow-yard, fired in the dark 
and wounded a Hessian baker in the neck. He was seized and carried 
before an officer, who at once dismissed him, saying, " If you had killed 
him, I'd have given you a guinea." 

425. The door of Jost Hegeman, Cedar Swamp, was forced 
open by a rail. The robbers could find no money, but carried 
off silk handkerchiefs and some trifling articles. They dropped 



OVoTE'i BAV. 233 

a cap as they left the house, by wliich it was discovered that 
they belonged to a company of soldiers billeted in Cedar 
Swamp. James H.. a lad, escaped and alarmed the neighbors, 
but the darkness favored the escape of the robbers. 

426. Amos Underbill's house was robbed. Fortunately 
£300 had been hid in the clock bottom ; and although they 
rummaged the house, the clock escaped their scrutiny. Squire 
John Wright was not so fortunate. While the robbers passed 
into the back room the old lady slipped a bag containing £250 
into her lap. This was observed by the robbers, who instantly 
relieved her of her charge and left. 

To stop these robberies guards were set in Cedar Swamp, 
Wheatly, and elsewhere. 

427. Silas Downing's store, at B. Rushmore's, Cedar 
Swamp, was forcibly entered by five soldiers from Jericho, 
their faces painted. Luckily he had a few days before taken 
all his money to New- York to buy goods, whereby the robbers 
were frustrated in this part of their plan. They then demanded 
I. Rushmore's watch. He handed them a dumb watch of his 
son's, hanging near the mantel, which they pocketed without 
discovering the trick. After gathering up some trifling articles 
and about $10 in cash they went oil'. 

428. On one occasion the whale boatmen found a vessel 
aground at Cold Spring. When they could not get her off, 
they threatened to burn her, unless the owners would ransom 
her, which they readily did. 

429. The whale boatmen robbed the store of Youngs, 

at East Woods, hid the plunder in bushes near the shore, so 
as to remove it at a more suitable time. Meanwhile some per- 
son passing by the thicket discovered the goods and suspected 
what was going on. The militia agreed to watch and inter- 
cept the whale boatmen. At sundown a boat was descried 
nearing the shore. The crew landed. The main body of mi- 
litia kept out of sight, but some stragglers hailed the maraud- 
ers, who took the alarm and fled. 

430. \icholas Wright's store was robbed ; Justice Smith, 
of Hog Island. v>-as robbed of silks, dec, and Wm. Ludlam, a 
tailor, who lived with him was robbed of a great many suits of 



234 AK.MliD OCCUPATION. 

clothes he was making up tor his customers. Sarah Wright, 
at Cove Neck, was robbed among other things of a silver milk 
pot, which was carried to Stamford. Selah Wood's store, at 
East Woods, was also robbed. The house of John Willcts, 
Cedar Swamp, was broken open, his hands tied, and every 
threat used — even his liouse set on fire to make him disclose 
his money — but in vain. 



BRITISH PROCLAMATIONS RELATING TO QUEENS 
COUNTY. 

431. For an encouragement to his Majesty's liege subjects to 
raise a plentiful supply of fresh provisions and vegetables, hay 
and other forage, for his Majesty's service, all persons are for- 
bid trespassing or breaking down and destroying fences, or car- 
rying away produce from the owners. March 20, '77. 

432. HOWE orders magazines of Forage to be established 
on Long Island, and notice given to farmers who may be able 
to supply them with hay, straw, oats and Indian corn, at the 
following rates, hay 5s. per cwt., straw 2s., oats and corn accord- 
ing to quality. And for the better encouragement of such 
persons, an allowance of Is. per mile for every 1000 lbs. 
will be paid for carriage to the magazines at Brooklyn Ferry, 
Great Neck. Hempstead Harbor or Oyster Bay. Proper persons 
are appointed to receive the same and ascertain the weight. On 
presenting a certificate of the delivery, the forage will be paid 
for immediately. All who raise forage will be expected to fur- 
nish their proportion. June 12, '77. 

433. Wanted, persons who understand the business of 
stacking and thatching hay. Apply to tlie forage magazine, 
New- York. June. 3, '77. 

434. That the inhabitants of Long Island and Staten Island 
maybe supplied with necessaries, and at the same time to i)re- 
vent supplies being conveyed to the rebels through these chan- 
nels, Howe directs that no vessel shall at anyone time, without 
permission from the Superintendent, carry from New- York to 
Long Island or Staten Island, more than one barrel of rum, 
spirits, sugar, molasses, or four bushels of salt ; or more of any 
other merchandise than sufficient for one family. |l3=*No fees 



BRITISH PROCLAMATIONS. 235 

to be offered. Penalty, forfeiture of goods and vessel and im- 
prisonment of the master. Informers to have one moiety.* 
July ]7. '77. 

* Capt. S. once run 200 bushels of salt covered with oyster shells, to 
Patchogue, a great place for running goods. It cost 6s a bushel and sold 
for 18s. It was carried over land to the Sound, and destined forS. Jack- 
son, who kept a commissary's store for the American array, at Red Hook. 
—Ed. 

435. A quantity of straw wanted immediately for His Ma- 
jesty's use : it is requested that farmers will thrash out their 
grain directly, and deliver the straw without delay at the differ- 
ent magazines. — Aug. 4. '77. 

436. By order of Lt. General Sir Henry Clinton, K. B., 
farmers are directed immediately to deliver into His Majesty's 
magazines all the straw they have already thrashed, and get 
the remainder ready without delay. Due attention, it is 
expected, will be paid to this order, as any further delay must 
occasion disagreeable methods. Sept. 1, '77. 

437. Persons in want of salt to cure necessary provisions 
for their family use the ensuing winter, must produce a certifi- 
cate of a Justice of the Peace* next their place of residence, 
that they are proper persons to be trusted. Three bushels al- 
lowed each family. Nov. 15, '77. 

* This being found inadequate, a certificate was required from the 
commanding officer of the King's troops on Long Island, or a field offi- 
cer of the militia of the county. Seized salt, property of the seizer — Ed. 

438. To prevent extortion by boatmen, the price of walnut 
is fixed at £5 per cord, and £4 lor all other wood. Boatmen who 
desist bringing wood at the above prices, will be deprived of 
their boats. The wood of proprietors refusing to sell to boat- 
men at moderate prices, will be seized and confiscated. Nov. 
7, '77. 

439. Whereas the farmers of Long Island are possessed of 
great quantities of wheat, rye, and Indian corn : and it is highly 
unreasonable that those who stand in need of the same should 
be left to the mercy of the farmer ; the price of wheat is fixed 
at 12s. per bushel of 58 lbs, rye and corn at 7s. ; wheat flour 
35s. per cwt., rye 20s., Indian corn 17s. Farmers are ordered 
to make a return to the commanding officer of the militia of the 



■~53(i ARMKU OCCUPATION. 

county of the quaniity tliey have, and how much they want for 
family use. Dec. 27, '77. 

410. Robertson appoints John Thompson, Esq., of Brook- 
lyn, to hav^e wood cut and suppUed the poor of New-York at 
cost of cutting and carting: and 4s. per load to said T. for his 
trouble. Dec. 22, '77. 

441. Farmeis are ordered to thrash out immediately one 
third of their ])rpsent crop of wheat and rye ; and one third by 
February next : the residue by May 1. Whoever disobeys will 
be imprisoned and his crop confiscated. Dec^ 20, '77. 

H. CLINTON, Lieut. Gen. 

442. In consequence of the large quantities of wood brought 
into New-York, walnut is reduced to £4 per cord, and 55s. for 
any other. Dec. 27, '77. ROBERTSON. 

443. To prevent supplies to the enemy.* all wet or dry goods 
in trading vessels or carrying by land on Long Island without 
a permit;! are to be seized. Half the proceeds to the seizer. 
June '7S. D. JONES, Commanding His Majestifs 

Forces, on Ntxc- York, Long Island, and Stolen Island. 

* Imrrrnse quantities of British goods were rvri from Long Island 
into the American lines. Storekeepers would allow themselves to be 
robbed and then get a permit for more goods, or secretly meet at night 
and trade with Connecticut wh.ile boats. Capt. S. once carried 17 hhds. 
of rum and molasses to Patchogue.and received 17 half joes for freight. 
He was armed with 1.3 swivels, and had 17 boys and men to beat offany 
assailant. This trade was often winked at by British underlings, who 
shareil the profits. Rum suld for 18s. per gallon. — Ed. 

t I have contrary to tlie former practice of this office, rcceiv^Hl fees for 
writing passes for vessels, and it has given offence ; all who have paid 
shall have restitution made. June 3, '78. 

JOHN LE CHEVALIER ROOME. 

444. Farmers are required immediately to thrash out their 
grain, as the straw is wanted for His Majesty's Troops; for 
which they will be paid at the usual rates, on producing cer- 
tificates of delivery from the Deputy Commis.sary at the differ- 
ent Posts of Brooklyn and Flushing. Same allowance for 
transportation as last year. Sept. 10, '78, liio. 

445. Upland hay 8s., salt hay 4s.. straw 3s. per cwt. ; corn 
10s., oats 7s. per bushel ; 2s. 6d. per ton for carting or water 



BRITISH PROCr.A.MATlONS. 237 

carriage. Forage of delinquents taken and no pay. These 
prices are fixed that tliere may be no excuse tor delay. Dec. 
9, '78. 

446. Gov. Tryon to Lord Germaine. Dec. 16. '78: "I have 
been obliged from the frequent duties the militia of Kings and 
Queens counties have been called on to perform, to appoint 
Archibald Hamilton aid-de-camp and commandant of the Mi- 
litia of Q,ueens County, with the pay of the army, and Mr. Long 
as Adjutant for ditto ; and Mr. Depeyster as an assistant, at 
3s. per day, to Col. Axtel of Kings County Militia, to execute 
my orders, and summon and regulate the Militia in the two 
counties." Brod. Doc. 

447. The Proclamation of December 20, '78, is altered so as 
to encourage an ample supply: wheat 26s. currency per bushel, 
rye 10s., corn 10s., buckwheat 7s., wheat flour 80s. per cwt, 
Indian meal 28s.. rye meal 30s., buckwheat 26s. If more is 
demanded, the grain forfeited ; one half to the informer. The 
Colonels of the Militia on Long Island will take account of the 
grain in their districts. Jan. 22, '79. 

448. Permits granted to farmers and gardeners to cut rail- 
ing for their fences on lands of persons not under the protec- 
tion of government. Woodcutters, who have broken down 
fences, and done other damage on cultivated lands, will be se- 
verely punished. Fe6.8. '79. D.JONES. 

449. Permits granted loyal subjects to enclose and cultivate 
for their own benefit, portions of the cleared woodlands, and 
other uncultivated land of persons not under protection of go- 
vernment, on Long Island, and to erect temporary habitations 
thereon. Certificates of character to be produced at the Po- 
lice. Mar. 6, '79. D. JONES, M. G., Commandant. 

450. Farmers who have supplied the horse department of 
the Royal Artillery with forage and grain, may present their 
accounts. June 19, '79. 

451. A number of haymakers wanted immediately for his 
Majesty's service, who will receive the best wages. Apply to 
the Forage Office, Burling Slip. June 26, '79. 

452. Small craft with marketing, cfcc, to New- York, must 
have a pass from the commanding officer on Long Island, or 

11* 



238 ARMED OCCUPATIOX. 

military colonel of the county. All vessels departing after 
dark, or before gun-fire, are to be seized by the guard-boats. 
July 22, '79. 

453. To prevent gunpowder getting into improper hands, 
none is to be sold at vendue without license from the Police, 
nor be delivered to any purchaser till he produce a certificate 
from the Police that he has made oath that it is intended for 
retailing to the inhabitants. Nov. 23, 79. 

454. Persons having permits to cut wood off certain lands 
on Long Island, will bring what they have cut to market. 
The colonels of the militia of the district will employ the 
neighboring farmers, and settle the rates for carting. The 
wood of those unwilling to cut, is to be cut by others, who will 
pay the owners the customary price for standing wood. Nov. 
24, '79. H. CLINTON. 

455. Dec. 22, '79. Woodcutters will meet with the best 
encouragement by applying to Mr. Betts, innkeeper, Jamaica. 
Proper persons will attend to show the wood to be cut. Ac- 
commodations for persons employed in the above business, pro- 
vided contiguous to the place of cutting. 

456. To prevent waste and devastation of woodland, all 
persons are forbid to cut wood on land not belonging to them, 
without leave, or on the estates of persons supposed to be in 
rebellion, but to lay the title and authority before the govern- 
ment, that order and method may be introduced. Ap. 1, '80. 

ROBERTSON. 

457. Proprietors of lands from which firewood has been cut 
by the troops while in winter quarters, will send their certifi- 
cates to the barrack master general. Ap. 10, '80. 

458. The scarcity of forage last spring, and the demands 
of the army having filled the farmer with apprehensions, to pre- 
vent the inconveniences of foraging by small detachments, I 
give this public assurance that all who bring in two-thirds of 
their first grass, may keep the other third. Commissaries will 
attend to weighing, assisted by the civil and military officers of 
the county. Thus the upright will be satisfied, and the artful 



BRITISH PROCLAMATIONS. 239 

detected in their attempts to conceal. Certificates of hay and 
cartage paid, on presentation at New- York. July 1, '80. 

ROBERTSON. 

459. The necessity of a seasonable and ample supply of 
fuel for his Majesty's troops, obliges me, however reluctant, to 
call on the inhabitants of Long Island to furnish a proportion 
of wood for the barrack yard in New-York, to guard against 
the severities of a long winter. Kings county is required to 
get 1,500 cords, Q,ueens 4,500, and the west part of Suffolk (in- 
cluding Huntington, Islip. Smithtown, and Brook Haven) 3,000 
cords, cut and corded by August 15. The civil and military 
officers of each county will meet, 25th inst., at Flatbush, Ja- 
maica, and Smithtown, and assess on each district its propor- 
tion. The officer of the district will then direct each farmer to 
cut his part, regulating it by the woodland he owns ; and on 
notice given, he will muster the teams of the neighborhood and 
cart it to the appointed landing. The wood ready corded, is 
then to be surveyed in presence of the barrack master, who 
will give a certificate on the spot to the owner, at the rate of 
thirty shillings per cord for walnut, twenty shillings for oak, 
and four shillings per mile for cartage. The foregoing are not 
adapted to the east part of Suffolk. The inhabitants of South- 
old, East Hampton, and South Hampton, are required to cut 
in the woodland late of Wm. Smith and Wm. Floyd, (now out 
in rebellion.) in the parts nearest the Mastic Neck Landing, 
3,000 cords, by September 1. When it is surveyed at the 
waterside, they will receive ten shillings per cord for cutting 
and carting. June 16, '80. ROBERTSON. 

460. The situation of Long Island rendering it necessary 
to establish the means of administering justice, without sub- 
jecting the inhabitants to the interruptions and delays attend- 
ing their application in the city. Robertson appoints Geo. Dun- 
can Ludlow, IVIaster of the Rolls and Superintendent of Police 
on Long Island, with powers on principles of equity to hear 
and determine controversies till civil government can take 
place. July 15, '80. [David Golden, Assistant, James Greigh- 
ton, Secretary. Office days, Tuesday and Wednesday, at the 
house, now J. D. P. Ogden's, Jamaica. — Ed.'\ 



240 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

461. dueens County Address presented to Gov. Robert- 
son,* by- 
Col. Hamilton,! Sam'l Clowes, Esq. Capt. Benj. Hewlett, 
Major Kissam, Tho's Smith, Esq. Capt. R. Belts, 

V. H. Peters, Esq. John Hewlett, Esq. Capt. Cha's Cornell, 

Dan'l Kissam, Esq. Jos. French, Esq. Capt. Tho's Van Wyck, 

Tho's Willet, Esq. Dr. Seabury, Capt. G. Rapalje, 

Rich. Alsop, Esq. Capt. Cha's Hicks, Capt. B. Hoogland, 

in behalt^ of the county : 

''The principles which inspired a large majority of the 
people of Q,ueens county to oppose the beginning and progress 
of those dangerous measures that have led this county to 
the most fatal convulsions, do still animate us to promote his 
Majesty's service by our utmost exertions to accelerate that 
happy day when relations, friends, and fellow-citizens shall re- 
embrace each other, and return to the offices, pleasures and 
employments of peace, when we shall enjoy our ancient privi- 
leges, participate in an extensive commerce, be exempt trom 
all taxation not imposed by ourselves, and included in one com- 
prehensive system of felicity with the parent country. Queens 
County, Aii.g. 5, '80." 

* Tryon was Governor of New-York till March, 1780, when he was 
succeeded by Robertson. Sir Guy Carlton was the last British Go- 
vernor of New- York. — Ed. 

t There were seventeen militia companies in Queens county under 
Col. Hamilton. 

462. The freeholders of Long Island will choose commis- 
sioners to lay out highways, and overseers, who will clear, 
level, and amend them six days in the year. If neglected, the 
Police will do it. Aug. 19, '80. 

463. For the relief of loyal subjects driven from their pos- 
sessions, the houses and lands of rebels will be divided among 
them; and small lots in proportion to the numher of claimants, 
will be assigned to destitute refugee families. Those who have 
petitioned for houses and lands of persons in rebellion, will call 
on Philip J. Livingston, Hell-Gate, and receive answers to 
their petitions. Sept. 18, '80. 

461. All persons are forbid going on land of others and 



BRITISH PROCLAMATIONS. 241 

cutting wood growing thereon, as has been practised ; but it 
is hoped the owners who have Avood, will cheerfully exert 
themselves in furnishing seasonable supplies for the different 
posts, as a generous price is given. Oct. 9, 'SO. 

465. All persons permitted to keep taverns, shops, or act as 
traders on Long Island, must obtain from the Police there, a 
recommendation for such quantities of goods as they may 
judge proper to allow such persons from time to time to bring 
on Long Island, before they can obtain a permit. To prevent 
the improper conveying of goods, wares, stores, provisions, 
and merchandise from New-York city, all persons are forbid 
carrying them out by land or water without permit. The in- 
habitants of Long Island will obtain at the superintendent's 
office a permit for carrying to their respective homes proper 
quantities of the above articles for family use. Oct. 28, '80. 

ROBERTSON. 

466. All persons who have petitioned for houses and lands 
in Suffolk coimty, belonging to persons in rebellion, and all 
others not provided for in a former distribution in Kings and 
Q,ueens, who are desirous of locations in Suffolk, will apply to 
P. J. Livingston. Hell-Gate. Long Island. Refugees are noti- 
fied that the residue of lands in Suffolk, not wanted for the ac- 
commodation of petitioners, will be leased to others by Dec. 
10. Nov. 18, 'SO. ROBERTSON. 

467. All persons unprovided for in the distribution of rebel 
property within tlie lines, will receive a final answer to their 
petitions by March 1. Sufiicient lots of land will be granted 
refugees, who have not petitioned, on York Island, with per- 
mission to cut wood for houses and fences on rebel lands in 
Westchester and Suffolk counties. Feb. 24, '81. 

468. Samuel Clowes appointed clerk of Queens county, in 
place of Thomas Jones, resigned ; also appointed surrogate. 
Mar. 21, '81. 

469. Owners of woodland on Long Island, in the neighbor- 
hood of landmgs. are enjoined without delay to cut and cart their 
cord wood to the waterside, and sell it at Flushing, and east- 
ward as far as Cow Neck, at £3 per cord for oak, and £4 10s. 
for hickory. From Cow Neck to Huntington Harbor inclusive, 



242 



ARMED OCCUPATION. 



at 45s. for oak, and 70s. for hickory. From Huntington to Se- 
tauket, 35s. for oak, and 45s. for hickory. And on south side 
of Long Island, 40s. for oak, and 65s. for hickory. The teams 
employed in carting this wood, will be protected from other 
public duty. This wood shall be sold in New-York, to private 
citizens, at £i per cord for oak, and £6 for hickory. 

The Police on Long Island will enforce the above order, 
and direct such particular tracts to be cut as shall be pointed 
out. Nov. 17, '81. ROBERTSON. 

470. All boatmen plying between New-York and places on 
the Sound, may renew their licenses by bringing a certificate 
that they have brought a freight of wood from some place east 
of Flushing. Jan., '82. 

471. Wood! Wood! Wood! The citizens and boatmen 
are hereby informed that the inhabitants on the north side of 
Long Island have engaged to deliver, four weeks from date, 
1000 cords of wood at the landings, at Little, Great, and Cow 
Necks, 250 cords each week— to be paid for at the landing, at 
proclamation prices. Boats going for said wood, will meet 
with every protection. — Nov. 27, '81, Gaine. 

472. For encouragement to farmers and gardeners to raise 
plentiful supplies of fresh provisions, vegetables, grain and 
forage : all persons are forbid taking away or destroying their 
cattle, stock, or other produce, or do damage, or break down 
fences. All offences punished with the utmost severity. Com- 
plaints to be made to the nearest commanding officer. Ap. 9, 
'82. CLINTON. 

473. The price of good well cured English hay is 6s. cur- 
rency per cwt., salt hay 3s., good clean straw, 2s. 3d., with for- 
mer allowance for freight and cartage. June 29, '82. 

474. The reduction of horses and wagons belonging to the 
quarter master general, will occasion a call on the country to 
supply the magazines, and to assist in other extraordinary 
duty. A return has been made of those on Long Island, that 
each district may perform its proportion of this service, and be 
regularly paid. The captains of militia are to furnish teams 
weekly in rotation from their companies. Certificates given, 
and pay allowed, at 14s. per day for a wagon, two horses, and 



BRITISH PROCLAMATIONS. 243 

a driver. The farmers of Kings, Queens, and Huntington, are 
requested to bring in half their fresh hay to the nearest maga- 
zine before the end of August, at £6 per ton, and the usual 
cartage ; and they will be protected in keeping the other half, 
and be considered as having employed their teams for the time 
on public duty. Aug. 3. '82. ROBERTSON. 

475. All persons within the lines, whose houses and lands 
have been withheld from them on account of offences against 
the Crown, and all without the lines, who have abandoned es- 
tates within, are desired to send their claims to the officers of 
Police. Persons occupying such estates, will be answerable 
for all waste hereafter committed. Feb. 18, '83. 

476. Hiv., Jan. 16, '83. The proprietors of houses and 
lands lately evacuated, will apply to Lieut. Gov. Campbell for 
the possession of those on Long Island. 

O. DELANCY. Adj. Gen. 

477. A Board was established, June 16, '83. to settle in a 
summary way all debts of £10 and upwards, contracted by 
citizens of New- York and its dependencies, since Nov. 1, '76. 

478. Commandants Office, Sept. 13, 'S3. If any fees or 
gratuities have been paid the clerks, in this office, for passes, 
certificates, &c., since August 20, they will be returned on ap- 
plication, as it was contrary to express orders. 

479. Prices in Public Market Oct. 22, '83. Butter, 2s. 6d. 
per pound; veal, lOd. to Is. 6d. ; beef, 6d. to Is.; lamb. lOd ; 
mutton. 7d. to 13d.; Indian meal, 16s. per cwt. ; potatoes, 3s. 6d. 
per bushel; fowls, 4s. a piece; turkeys, 6s. for eight pounds. 

480. May 9, '83. Free pardon to all non-commissioned of- 
ficers and privates, deserters* from the Hessian Corps. 

LOSSBERGH, Commander-in- Chief 

of the Auxiliary Troops of Hesse. 
* Many Hessians deserted and settled in this country, and became 
valuable citizens. — Ed. 

Sept. 6, '83. All persons having claims on government for 
supplies to the British army between April 19, '75, and August 
19, '83, are notified that the Board for investigating them will 
not sit after Sept. 1. G. TOWNSEND, PresH. 



244 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

LIST OF REGIMENTS THAT LAY IN QUEENS COUNTY. 

481. In April, 1777, Sir Wm. Howe issued his proclama- 
tion for levying troops to suppress the unnatural rebellion in 
North America, and affording his Majesty's faithful subjects 
an opportunity to co-operate in relieving themselves from the 
miseries attendant on anarchy and tyranny, and restoring the 
blessings of peace and order with lawful government. Every 
non-commissioned officer* sliall receive 200 acres of land in the 
province where his corps was raised ; privates, 50 acres, and 
serve two years, or during the war. 

* Most of the officers were oullawed at the peace, and died in 
e.xile. — Ed. 

482. The Ministry had sent out equipments for 8,000 
Provincials, but met with poor success. Delancy was au- 
thorized to raise 1,500, but in the spring ef '77, he had only 
597, and in May, '78. only 707. Howe complained that thou- 
sands fled to the British, while but few enlisted. In May, '78, 
all the provincial corps amounted to only 3^609, although the 
officers added from their own purses to the King's bounty, (see 
375 ;) and as the troops usually after their summer expeditions 
returned to Long Island for winter quarters, and as many new 
corps were raised from the floods of refugees who inundated it, 
we annex an imperfect list of the Provincial, Hessian, and 
British troops that lay in Q,ueens county during the war. 

483. Provincial Forces of North America. 
Oliver Delancy,* Cortland Skinner.f Montfort Brown,t 
Benedict Arnold. § Brigadier Generals. 

* Died, at Beverly, England, Oct. 27, 1785, aged 68', Oliver Delan- 
cy, late of New-York, who lost a large estate by his loyalty. — Gent. 
Mag. [There were two Delancys, iather and son ; the latter was Ma- 
jor of 17ih Dragoons, and succeeded Maj. Andre as Adjutant, and died 
within a few years with the rank of Barrack Master General of the 
British Empire, (see 214,368.)— £<^- 

t He was from New Jersey, (see 243, 251.) 

t Formerly Governor of New Providence, carried off by Com. Hop- 
kins, and exchanged for Lord Stirling. (See 169.) 
§ His Legion lay near Black Stump. 



Llsr OF KEGIMEATS. 245 

484. Delancy's Battalions. — \st Battalion. Col., O. 
Delancy ; Lieut. Col., John Harris Cruger ;* Major, Joseph 
Greene ;t Captains Jacob Smith, Thomas and James French; 
Galbreath. Roorback. Kerr ; Lieutenant, T. Cvusningliam : N. 
Rogers, Quarter Master; N. Smith. Sursreon ; Cha's Bowden, 
Chaplain. (See 128, 129, 174, 227 ) 

* .Married Delancy's dnughtpr, anJ removed to England at the peace, 
t Married John Towiisend's daughter, of Oyster Bay, and removed 

to Trehind. 

485. 2d Battalion. Col., George Brevverton, (see 245;) 
Lieut. Col, Steph. Delancy ; Major, Tho's Bowden ;* Cap- 
tains, Geo. Dunbar, Tho's W. Moore, Sam'l Hallet, WaUer 
Campbell. H. Hatch, E. Potts; Lieutenants, A. McMillan, B. 
Lister, Dan'l Hallet, B. P. Griffiths, Colin Campbell, J. McCart- 
ney, D. Cameron ; Ensigns, T. Shrieve, H. Ferguson. Geo. 
Brewerton, Jas. Delancy; Chaplain, M. Badger; Surgeori, 
J. Johnston. 

* Sailed for England, Nov. 22, SS. (See 238 ) 

486. 3d Battalion. Col., Gab. G. Ludlow;* Lieut. Col. 
Richard Hewlett ;t Major, Ale.x. Menzies ;J Captains, Edward 
Allison, § Gilbert Golden Willet, Cha's Hewlett, Elijah Miles,|| 
Tho's Lister, Barth'w Doughty, Gerardus Clowes, Ichabod 
Smith; LieuVs, John Clowes, Sam'l Clowes. Edmund Evans, 
Henry Jackson, Gab. De Veber, Jr., Michael Laffen, Wm. 
McFarland, Zach. Brown ; Ensigns, Nath. Barnum, Wm. 
Montgomery, Francis De Veber, Tho's Carpenter, Noah Se- 
lick, Shadrach Chase; Chaplain, Wm. Wiiiter;][ Adj., Tho's 
Carpenter; Quarter Master, Richard Floyd; Surgeon, Cha's 
Doughty. (See2C6.) 

[The 3d Battalion, consisting of about throe hundred pri- 
vates, lay in almost every part ot" Glueens county, but chiefly 
at Lloyd's Neck. There were separate companies at Herricks, 
Hempstead, Oyster Bay, Flushing, and Jamaica. Thej- went 
on excursions for forage, and in pursuit of rebels, to most parts 
ol' Suffolk county; and sometimes they crossed the Soimd on 
plundering expeditions, or to bring off refugees and recruits 
from the Main. At the peace, they had lands granted them in 
Nova Scotia, whitiicr most of tht ni went. — £"(:/.] 



246 



AK.MED OCCUPATION. 



* Outlawed, with other brother ofScers, by the State of New-York, 
" for not only giving aid and assistance to the enemies of their country, 
but putting themselves in arms to enslave the same." — Elected Mayor of 
St. John's, 1785. 

t Served in the old French war, (see 190.) Distinguished for his 
heroic defence of Setauket, Died in New Brunswick, .July, 1789. 

t Died, February, '81. at Hempstead. 

§ Owned a farm at Foster's Meadow. 

II One S. tried to raise a company of recruits, and so get a captain's 
commission ; but not succeeding, he transferred his eighteen recruits to 
Capt. Miles for ten guineas a head. 

IT Chosen minister of the. Church of England at Shelburn, Nova 
Scotia, in 1785. 

487. Queeii's Rangers* — Cavalry and Infantry — uniform, 
green, with white facings.\ Lieut. Col., J. Graves Symcoe ;J 
Major, R. Armstrong. 

* Capt. Diemar's Independent Company of Hussars, and Capt. San- 
ford's Bucks County Volunteers, (dressed in red,) were joined to the 
Rangers. Capt. D., with his wife, was quartered at Rem (since Jos.) 
Hegeman's. His Hussars lay in tents under the hill in front of the 
house. 

t They wore green coatees and leather breeches. This regiment, 
320 in number, was taken at Yorktown, and settled in Nova Scotia at 
the peace. 

X Afterwards Governor of Canada, and printed a journal of his mili- 
tary services. (See 186, 205, 258.) 

488. Volunteers of Ireland.* Col., Lord Rawdon ; Lieut. 
Col., Doyle ; Majors, Despard, and Joseph Campbell. 

* Southern recruits — '400 strapping fellows, neither influenced by 
Yankees oragues" — settled at Rawdon, Nova Scotia, in 1784, (see 249.) 

489. New- York Volunteers.* Lieut. Col. ConiH, George 
Turnbull ; Majors, CofHnt and Sheridan ; Captains, John Alt- 
house,! Fred. Depeyster, Tho's Hewlett.§ Kane, Coffin, Gray, 
Johnstone, McLean 

* Lay at Foster's Meadow after the evacuntlon of Charleston, Dec. 
14, '82, till the peace. Lay at Jerusalem also. First to enter Fort 
Montgomery, Oct. 6, '77. 

t Coffin having repeatedly been publicly thanked by the officers under 



LIST OF REGIMENTS. 247 

him, and having distinguished himself, Sept. 8, 'ftl, was appointed Major 
of the King's American Regiment, vacant by the death of Major Grant. 

t Married Miss Jackson, of Jerusalem. His son John, an ensign, is 
now living. 

§ Killed at Hanging Rock, Sept. 20, '80. 

490. British Legion. — Cavalry.^ Col., Lord Cathcart; 
Lieut. Col., Banastre Tarlton ; Majors, Geo. Hanger and 
Cochran. 

* Mostly clad in white at Yorktown. At Jericho, Nov. '78 ; at Sag 
Harbor, Feb., '79 ; at Springfield, April, '82. (See 267.) 

491. King''s American Regiment.* Co/.. Edmund Fanning,! 
Lieut. CoPs., Ed. Winslovv and Geo. Campbell ; Majors, Ja's 
Grant and Coffin; Captains, Abm. Depeyster, T. Cornwall, J. 
Atwood, J. W. Livingston, T. Chapman, R. Gray, P. Clements ; 
Chaplain, Sam'l Seabury.J 

* " June 8, '77. Fanning's Corps is nearly complete." For raising 
this corps of 460 men, jCoOO was subscribed by Staten Island, jC310 8s. 
by Kings county, £219 by Jamaica, and jCSOOO by New- York city. 

t Son-in-law and secretary of Gov. Tryon. Lieut. Gov. of Nova 
Scotia, May, '83. 

+ St. Peter's exhortation to fear God and honor the King : a ser- 
mon preached before his Majesty's Provincial Troops by Sam'l Seabury, 
Sept. 28, '77, published by order of Gov. Tryon. 

492. Prince of Wales'' s American Volunteers.* Co/.. Mont- 
fort Brown ; Lieut. CoVs., Tho's Pattinsonf and De Veber ; 
Major, Carden.J 

* (See 170.) Reduced from 278 to 9, at Hanging Rock, S.C, July, '80. 
t At Lloyd's Neck. (See 383.) 

t Died at Charleston before Dec, '82. 

493. Loyal American Regiment. Co/., Beverly Robinson;* 
Lieut. Col., Beverly Robinson. Jr. ; Major, Tho's Barclay. f 

» (See 173.) 

X Son of Rev. H. Barclay, quartered at Wm. Leverich's and Richard 
Berrian's, Newtown. Had an estate at Hell-Gate. 

494. King^s American Dragoons. — (See 203.) Lieut. Col., 
Benj. Thompson ; Majors, D. Murray and Upham. 



248 ARMED 0CCIji'AT10.\. 

495. Loyal Fon^csters. Lieut. Col.. Conully. (see 152.) 

496. Royal Garrison Battalion. Lieut. Col.. T)o\\\im. (see 
149;) Major, Anstruther. 

497. Maryland Loyalists.* Lieut. Col., Chalmers ; Major, 
Dulanoy. 

* Lieut. Tovvr.send and A.lj. Henley were quartered at Wni. Levp- 
rich's, (now tiackelt's.'i Train's Meadow. (See 178 ) 

498. Beside the preceding, there were the Florida, Rangers, 
North Carolina Voluntee7'S, (seeSGQ,) IVentworth^- Volunteers, 
or New Hampshire Regiment, (see 344, 353,) Volunteers of 
New England,* Associated Refugees,] and Loyal Refvgees.X In 
fine, refugees from all the colonies poured into Long Island, 
and were located on the farms of those Whigs who had fled the 
county, or sought a livelihood as laborers, woodcutters, me- 
chanics, traders, and boatmen, or as recruits in the new raised 
corps. 

* At Lloyd's Neck. — Carried off the congregation at Middlesex. 
(See 41?.) 

t Lieut. Col. Winslow, at Lloyd's Neck, March, '79. (See 180.) 
I Col Abm. C. Cuyler. (See 248.) 

499. Hessian Regijients — Jager Corps, mounted and. dis- 
mounted ; uniform green, faced with crimson.* Ll.Col.Com^t, 
Lewis de Wurmb ;t Lieut. Col., Preuschenck ;+ Major, Philip 
de Wurmb; Captains, Baron Ewald,§ Donop,|| Wangenheim, 
Hanger. Romrod, Heinricks ;T[ \st Lieuts., Hagen, Kellerhaus, 
Wolf,** Wlnzingeroda.ft Schceffer; 2d Lieuts., Bickeil,J]: Cor- 
nelius, Flies. Boheln, Besger, Gerresheim, Ocksie ; Judge Ad- 
vocate, Wiscker.§§ 

* O T. says, " The Jagers,a higher order of Hessians, lay at ?'Iorili 
Side in the cold winter — drawn close together for fear of being cut off by 
the Americans, and suffered much from the cold. The officers often met 
together, had dinners, suppers, cards, &f;., which often ended in a ouarrel 
that was settled by the sword next day in the back fields. 

t Quartered at Judge Valentine's, at W. Titus's, Wheatly, and at 
other places, (see 317, 319.) After the war, Wm. Savery, a travelling 
minister, met Col. W.in Germany, who expressed himself pleased with 
the ueatment he received while among Friends in Queens county. 

t Quartered at .Jackson's, Jericho, and at D. Laton's, Wheatly. 



LIST OF REGIMENTS. 249 

4 Quartered at HenJ'k O.'s. Publish.-d a niilhary work on his re- 
turn to Germany. 

II Quartered at John Simonson's. 

IT Quartered at Dr. Tredwell's. 
** Quartered at T. Townsend's. 
tt Quartered at Tiinolhy Smith's, 
tt Quartered at D. Mudge's. 
§§ Quartered at Ryerson's Inn, Black Stump. 

500. Free Battalion of Hesse Hanau — raised Jan. '81. 
Lieut. Col.. N. Von Janecke ;* Major. Scheele ;t Captains, 
Franck.J Spangenbergh. Leiningen, Schelm, Westerhagen;§ 
1st Lieuts., Kaerner, Koch. Eitelwein, Zipf; 2d Lieuts., 
Haelcken, Schaeft'er, Goerduck, Condrade, Stockel. Goener. 

* Quartered at Judge Mitchell's, (see 336,431,433 ) 

t Died at Oyster Bay, March, '83. 

t Quartered at D. Kissam's, Cow Neck. 

§ Quartered at Peter Onderdonk's. 

501. Beg-iment de Knoblauch — uniform blue, white facings. 
Col.,De Porbeck;* Majors, D'Knde and Goeble ; Captains, 
Boedicker.f Hegeman.+ Hoenstein, Huepeden, Dalwigk ; Ist 
Lieuts., Waldeck.§ Knoblauch. Goebell. Schenck, Koeber; 2d 
Lieuts., Apell, Gessner, Justi. Dick. Peternell, Stuckradt. Cor- 
deman. 

Their dress varied, but is thus described by Dunlap : " The Hessiaii 
had a towering brass-fronted cap, [some had three-cornered hats,] mus- 
tachios colored with the same material that colored his shoes, [which 
were square-toed, turned up, and had large buckles,] his hair plastered 
wiihiallowand flour,and lightly drawn into a long gueue, reaching tohis 
wai.st ; a blue uniform, almost covered by the broad bells that sus- 
tained his cartoucli box, his brass-hdted sword, and his bayonet ; a yellow 
waistcoat with flaps, and yellow breeches met at the knee by black gaiters. 
Thus heavily equipped, he stood an automaton to receive the command 
or cane of the officer who inspected him." 

* Quartered at Judge Valentine's, (see 161,328.) 

t Quartered at Martin Schenck's. 

4 Quartered at Judge Schenck's. 

§ Quartered at Timothy Smith's. 'Tis said the Hessians lay three 
winters at North Side. 

502. 3d Battalion of Hessian Grenadiers. (See 195.) Col. 



250 ARMED OCCUPATION. 

De Schreiber ; Lieut. Cols., De Lengerke and Loewenstein ; 
Majors, Kutzleben and Wilmousky. 

503. Btnning^s Corps. Cols., Benning* and Kurtz ; Lieut. 
Cols., Hildebrand and Martini. 

* Quartered at Wm. Lines's, (now John Hicks's;) came to North 
Side after the evacuation of Charleston, Dec. 14, '82 ; when the Jagers 
gave place to them, and went to Huntington. 

504. Regiment du Corps.* Lieut. Col., Linsing; Majors, 
Stamford and Dincklage. 

* Grenadiers. Uniform, blue faced with yellow. (See 149,254.) 

505. British Regulars. — 17th Regiment Light Dragoons. 
Col., Geo. Preston ;* Lieut. Col., Sam'l Birch ;t Major, Oliver 
Delancy, Jr. ; Captains, R. Archdale, S. Baggot, J. S. Brad- 
shavv, J. Stapleton ; Capt. Lieut., H. Nettles ; Cornet, Searl ; 
Chaplain, J. Beever. (See 286.) 

* Uniform red, white facings. (See 133.) Remount horses arrived 
from England, May, '77 — made up of the I6ih and 17th. The former 
had 312 men and 265 horses ; the latter had 398 men and 337 horses — 
engaged at White Plains and Monmouth. When in New-York, they 
used the Middle Dutch church as a riding-school, to train their horses. 

t Commanding officer at Hempstead, May, '80. 

506. nth Regiment of Foot. Col., Moncton; Lieut. Col., 
Johnson; Major, Armstrong, (see 176.) 

507. 23d Regiment, or Royal Welsh Fusileers.* Col., Sir 
William Howe, K.B. ; Lieut. Col., Balfour ; Major, Mackensie. 

* See 325. 

508. 33d Regiment. (See 139, 7iote.) Col, Earl Corn- 
wallis ; Lieut. Col., Yorke ; Major, Dansey. 

509. 3'7th Regiment,* Grenadiers. Col, Coote, K.B. ; Lieut. 
Col, Abercrombie ; Major, Graham. 

» See 144. 

510. 3Qth Regiment*— uniform, red faced with yellow. Col, 
Sir Robert Pigotjf LimL Col, Henry Edward Fox ;t Major, 
French. 

* Lay at Duryea's, Fresh Meadows, six weeks in the sunmier of '83. 
(See 183,201,207.) 

t See 292. t See 203. 



LIST OF REGIMENTS. 251 

511. 42rf, or Royal Highland Regiment* Col., Lord John 
Murray ; Lieut. Col., Tho's Sterling ; Major, Cha's Graham. 

* Uniform, red faced with blue ; a!so belted plaid and hose. The 
Highlanders changed their national dress for one better adapted to our 
cold^climate. (See 135, 136, 139, 150.) 

512. 5ith Regiment of Foot.* Col., M. Frederick ; Lieut. 
Cot., A. Bruce ;t Majors, A. Foster and John Breese.J 

* Uniform, red faced with popinjay green. Lay at Sprong's, Fresh 
Meadow. 

f See 200, 201. 
t See 354, note. 

513. 60th, or Royal American Regiment* — uniform red, blue 
facing. Col. ComH, John Bailing ; Lieut. Col., Archibald 

MacArthur ; Major, Geo. Thompson. 

* Lay about Hempstead just before the peace, and marched out to 
the tune of Roslyn Castle. 

514. 64^^ Regiment,* Grenadiers — uniform, red faced with 
black. CoL, Pomeroy ; Lieut. Col.. Ed. Eyre ; Major, Bre- 
reton. 

*See 177, 210,266. 

515. list Regiment, or Highland Foot.* Col., Simon Fra- 
zer; Lieut. Col., Archibald Campbell. 

* Clothed in red, white facings, in winter; in kilts and bonnets in 
summer. 'Tis said a Major Baird, of 71st, cruelly wounded Gen. Wood- 
hull— doubtful —Ed. 

516. I'ith Regiment Highland Foot,* Grenadiers. Lieut. 
Col, ComH, J. Campbell; Majors, Alex. Campbellf and Rob't 
Montresor. 

* Uniform, red faced with yellow. Child baptized at Jamaica, April, 
'82. (See 269.) 

t See 220. 

517. SOth Regiment,* or Royal Edinboro'' Volunteers. Col., 
Sir William Erskine ; Lieut. Col., Tho's Dundas ; Majors, Ja's 
Gordon and Wm. Maxwell ; Captain, David Kinlock.f 

* Baptism at Jamaica, Nov., '80. (See 183.) 
t See 231. 



252 AEIMKD OCCUPATION. 

518. S2d Regiment. Cols., Gunning and F. McLean ;* Lieut. 
Co/., Craig ; Major, Robertson. 

'•See LSI. 

519. 84:ih Regiment, or Royal Highland Emigrants. Col., 
Sir H. Clinton, K. B. ; Lieut. Col., John Small ; *Majors, Alex. 
Macdonald and Tho's Murray. 

* See 203. 

Tlie preceding list includes only such Regiments as have been noticed 
In the course of this work. 

The British officers expected the utmost condescension. If a farmer, 
in passing, should neglect to take off his hat, he might depend on a 
caning; though the Briton would scarcely deign to notice him, much less 
return the civility. In addressing an officer, your hat should be under 
your arm. 

The quartering of officers and billeting of soldiers in private houses, 
was a great annoyance. An officer was entitled to one or more of the 
best rooms, and had a guard constantly parading to and fro before the 
door. The soldiers generally took the kitchen. The first notice you had 
that your house would be wanted, was, " Well, madam, I've come to take 
a billet on your house." Insubordination arose among the slaves, who 
either ran away, or became less respectful to their owners, when they saw 
them lorded over by British officers. 

Between the oppressions of British soldiers, and the depredations of 
American whale boats,* the inhabitants suffered sadly, and all hailed the 
period of their deliverance from both. 

* The whale boatmen were Americans (many of them refugees from 
Long Island) living on the Connecticut shore, who had commissions from 
the Governors of New- York and Connecticut to cruise in the Sound 
against British vessels ; and it required no great stretch of conscience to 
go on land and plunder indiscriminately, Whig and Loyalist, (see 388,) 
under pretence of carrying off' British goods. The whale boat warfare 
at length degenerated into downright robbery. The whale boats were 
sharp at each end, the sheathing often not over half an inch thick, and 
so li^ht as to be easily carried on mens shoulders, either to be hid in the 
bushes. or re-launched in the South Bay. Some were thirty-two feet 
lontf, and impelled by from eight to twenty oars, and would shoot ahead 
of an ordinary boat with great velocity, and leave their pursuers far he- 
hind. They were always on the look-out, and in a cahn would row out 
of their lurking places, and board market boats, or even cut off" the de- 
tached vessels of a convoy. 

Another more honorable employment of whale boats was to carry off" 
distintruished Loyalists, so as to exchange them for Whig prisoners. (See 
304, 3"05, 314, 336,374, 395,397,398,402.) 



PART V. 

CONCLUSION. 
EVACUATION OF QUEENS COUNTY. 

520. Sir Guy Carlton, Governor of New- York, says : •' I pro- 
pose to resign the possession of Herricks and Hempstead, and all 
to the eastward, on Long Island, Nov. 21/''— Sparks, VIII. 547. 
After evacuating New- York (Nov. 25), he yet retained posses- 
sion of Staten Island, Dennis's, New Utrecht, and the circumja- 
cent district on Long Island, for the use of troops unprovided with 
transports, till Dec. 4, when they embarked and took their final 
departvire from our unhappy isle. This long delay was owing 
to the removal of so many loyalists, who dared not remain here 
after the passage of so many violent resolutions by whig meet- 
ings in various parts of the Union. Ships were sent for from 
the West Indies, and even from Europe. 

52L We have scarcely any particulars of the evacuation of 
Q,ueens county, except that the Hessians from the Fly marched 
through Newtown ; the road was full for some time. — Delancy'a 
3d Battalion was marched towards New-York, and discharged. 
a few at a time, to prevent their clubbing together and doing 
mischief. A half guinea was given each soldier to drink the 
King's health. — At the peace, the British, in Newtown, gradu- 
ally drew off toward Bushwick. Their last encampment wa.^s 
in the Cedar Lois, on the road to the Penny Bridge. — On 
the evacuation of Flushing, in the morning there were thou- 
sands around, barns full ; in the afternoon all, all were gone, 
and it seemed quite lonesome. — J. F., who kept store in Jamaica, 
Bays, " One day thf British patrolled the streets, next day tlie 

12 



254 CONCLUSION. 

American soldiers. — The COtii Regiment left Hempstead to the 
tune of Roslin Castle. (Sec 513, 367.) 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

522. As a number of the most active Loyalists of Queens 
county, and of the Provincial Regiments raised here, was 
obliged to seek refuge in Nova Scotia at the peace, to escape 
the vengeance of the exasperated Whigs, we annex such notices 
of their emigration thither as have fallen under our observa- 
tion. — Ed. 

At the fall of Cornwallis, (Oct. 19, '81,) 471 heads of fami- 
lies associated to settle on lands granted the Loyalists in Nova 
Scotia.* They were divided into sixteen companies, with a 
captain and two lieutenants to each, to keep order and regularity, 
and had forty pieces of cannon, ammvuiition and military stores, 
carpenters, and all kinds of tools and implements for a settle- 
ment on a large scale. April 27, 'S3, 6000 sailed in a fleet of eigh- 
teen square-rigged vessels, with several sloops and schooners to 
carry horses, protected by two men-of-war. They reached Port 
Roseway after a six days' passage, and chose a site for a town 
afterwards named Shelburn. They commenced operations 
with great regularity and energy. Hills were levelled, hollows 
filled up, trees eradicated, and towns laid out. For present ac- 
commodation, temporary huts and tents were erected. They 
had excellent fish and lobster from the Roseway.f But late 
in autumn, an unwelcome addition was made: an inundation 
of refugees of an opposite character to the fir.st settlers, was 
poured in from the colonies. These they felt obliged to admit 
in 'their communion. The population arose to 10.000, some 
say 14,000; but being remote from other settlements, and no 
roads, and the people unused to the mode of settling a wilder- 
ness, it rapidly declined; a greatpartof the Loyalists returned 
to their native land, and thus raised a great prejudice against 
Nova Scotia. — Haliburion, IL 192. 

Sepl. 29, 'S3, Game. The fleet for Nova Scotia, of thirty 
sail, put to sea yesterday. (See 288, 366.) 

* The feelings of the Loyalists within the British lines, may be judged 



NOVA SCOTIA. 



255 



of from the following aJJrcss to Sir Guy Carlton and Admiral Digby, at 
New-York, Aug. 10, '82 : 

" It is impossible for us to express the consternation with which we 
are struck, even on the probability of so calamitous an event as the in- 
dependency of the thirteen provinces of America taking place. We 
cannot suppress our feelings on a point so exceedingly momentous to our 
future peace, safety and happiness. 

" To preserve the British Dominions entire, and to evince our pure 
and disinterested affection for his Majesty's sacred person and govern- 
ment, we hesitated not to step forth and hazard our lives and fortunes, re- 
lying on assurances given us that we should never be deserted in a cause 
so just, and in distresses so great and overwhelming. 

" But should the great event of the independency of the British colo- 
nies be determined, and we thereby have to encounter the most inexpres- 
sible misfortune of being for ever cast out from his Majesty's protection 
and government : we have only then to entreat your Excellencies' inter- 
position with his Majesty, by every consideration of humanity, to secure, 
if possible, beyond the mere forms of treaty, our persons and properties ; 
that such as think they cannot safely remain here, may be enabled to seek 
refuge elsewhere. — Rob. Amer. Gaz., Dec. 17, '82. 

t Town lots at Port Roseway, sixty by one hundred and twenty feet, 
sold for from ten to two hundred and fifty guineas each. 

523. Most of the provincial regiments had lands assigned 
them in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Canada, &c. — Govern- 
ment granted three thousand acres of land to a field officer, 
and to others in proportion, who served in the provincial corps. 
It was supposed the Loyalists would erect saw-mills (in fact 
thirty-five were built since 'S3), and ship lumber and fish to the 
West Indies. — A grant of one hundred and eight thousand acres 
in the town of Douglass, was made, 1784, to Lieut. Col. Small, 
for the location of the 2nd battalion of the 84th regiment, who 
were Americans enlisted while stationed on Long Island. — The 
British Legion (Tarlton's) settled, 1783, at Port Mauton, and 
built while snow was yet on the ground. They were forced to 
remove, from the barrenness of the soil. Their town, with all 
their efl'ects, clothing, live stock and furniture, was consumed 
by fire. • They would have died of famine, had not a King's 
ship been sent to their relief. (See 490, 519.) 

52 i. Those who were once settled in their new homes, 



256 CONCLUSION. 

anxious for more company, wrote home very flattering ac- 
counts. — Ed. 

" St. John's Island, May 10, '83. The soil here is good, 
we [I wooded, and free from rocks. Climate so good, that fevers 
and agues are unknown ; water excellent ; harbors spacious ; 
the rivers and bays abound in a great variety of shell and other 
fish." 

A letter from Nova Scotia, August 30, 'S3, says : " Horses, 
hogs, cows, sheep, and poultry, are cheaper here than on 
Long Island. Bring all building materials with you." 

525. After a while, accounts from Nova Scotia became 
more discouraging, and we find the Loyalists, except those who 
had been in arms, gradually returning home, where they lived 
unmolested by the Whigs. — Ed. 

" Port Roseway, Jan. 5, '84. All our golden promises are 
vanished in smoke. We were taught to believe this place was 
not barren and foggy, as had been represented, but we find it 
ten times worse. We have nothing but his Majesty's rotten 
pork and unbaked flour to subsist on. ' But can't you bake 
it, seeing it is so wooden a country?' Only come here your- 
self, and you'll soon learn the reason. It is the most inhospi- 
table clime that ever mortal set foot on. Loosely keeps hotel 
here." 

Dec. 22, '84, N. J. Gaz. We felicitate our countrymen on 
the arrival of seventeen families from Nova Scotia, 14th inst. 
Many more may be daily expected, as the pacific disposition of 
the Whigs entirely coincides with their sentiments. — Mar. 24, 
'85. Thirty Tories have returned from Nova Scotia to New- 
York. — Oct. 12, '85. New Jersey swarms with Tories returned 
from Nova Scotia. 



CELEBRATION OF PEACE. 

526. Dec. 13, '83, IndepH Gaz. On Monday last, the glo- 
rious event of peace was celebrated by the AVhig inhabitants 
of Q,ueens county, at Jamaica. At sunrise, a volley was fired 
by the continental troops stationed in town, and the thirteen 
stripes displayed on a liberty pole, which had been erected for 
the purpose. At four o'clock, a number of the gentlemen of 



SUITS AGAINST LOYALISTS. 257 

the county, and officers of the army who were in the neigh- 
borhood, sat down to an elegant dinner, attended by the music 
of a most excellent band, formerly belonging to the Line of this 
State. After drinking thirteen toasts, the gentlemen marched 
in column, thirteen abreast, in procession through the village, 
preceded by the music, and saluting the colors as they passed. 
In the evening, every house in the village, and several miles 
around, was most brilliantly illuminated, and a ball given to 
the ladies concluded the whole. It was pleasing to view the 
different expressions of joy and gratitude apparent in every 
countenance on the occasion. In short, the whole was con- 
ducted with the greatest harmony, and gave universal satisj 
faction. 

An address was likewise agreed upon, to his Excellency, 
George Clinton, Governor of the State, and signed by Francis 
Lewis, John Sands, Richard Thome, Joseph Robinson, Prior 
Townsend, Abm. Skinner, Benjamin Coe. Robert Furman, and 
James Burling. — Thomj)son, I. 212. 

[The church bells rung, and there was a free table. Such 
Loyalists as were to be found, met rough treatment. — EdJ] 

Peace was celebrated at the stone house, then a tavern, late Abm 
Rapaljc's, at Dutch Kills. The room was lighted with thirteen lamps. 
— Tho's Butler, at Dosoris, had an ox roasted whole, and gave an enter- 
tainment, consisting, among other things, of thirteen turkeys, thirteen 
geese, thirteen ducks, thirteen fowls, &c. — There was a dinner at Rem 
Hegeman's, Cedar Swamp, and a liberty pole erected. Col. Sands and 
John Schenck, as they rode up, were received with thirteen volleys. The 
festival terminated with a dance, and a rain coming on, it was continued 
till ne.\t morning ; so that one of the ladies said she " had been keeping 
Liberty all night." — There was also a celebration at Norwich, and pro 
bahly in many other part.? of the county. 



SUITS AGAINST LOYALISTS. 

527, The courts were closed in Q,ueens county from Sep- 
tember, '73, to May, 1784. The Whig committees supplied 
their place till August 27, '76 ; and then martial law prevailed 
till the peace, unless the Police be an exception. Till the new 



258 CONCLUSION. 

court-house was built, courts were held in the Presbyterian 
church, Jamaica, and the Dutch church, Success. 

528. To preserve peace and order on Long Island, New- 
York, and Staten Island, till magistrates can be appointed, and 
measures devised forsecuring all offenders, so that they can be 
brought to trial, the American troops were authorized to con- 
fine all offenders. Nov. 26, '83. 

529. Dec. 22, '83. Town meetings were held throughout 
the county, when the Loyalists did not venture to the polls, 
and all the offices were filled with Whigs. 

Robert Hinchman was appointed to take charge of the pub- 
lic records of Queens county, December 20, '83. 

530. The Superior Court opened at Albany, when a great 
number of persons from very distant abodes appeared, to tra- 
verse the indictments preferred against them on the charge of 
adhering to the enemies of this State ; all of whom were 
treated with the utmost liospitality and good humor by the 
worthy inhabitants of that city. — Biv., Oct. 29, '83. 

A number of Loyalists of Q,ueens county were indicted, 
but when they appeared at Albany to make their defence, no 
one appeared against them. They paid their lawyers' fees, 
and that was the end of the matter. (See Thompson, I., 213.) 

The trespass act was aimed at the LoyaUsts, and affected 
them seriously. It provided that in all actions of trespass, the 
defendant should not be allowed to plead the superior order of the 
enemy. Under this act, the Whigs sued the Loyalists before a 
justice of the peace for impressing a team, taking a horse, hay, 
grain, &c. ; and tlie suits generally went one way. John Luyster 
Cedar Swamp, had a fine horse taken under an impress war- 
rant by Esq. V. W., who returned him after a while much 
jaded. He sued at Norwich and recovered damages. Livincr- 
ston, defendant's lawyer, attempted to plead the superior order 
of the enemy, but was overruled by the justice. B. Rushmore 
also sued him for cattle driven off for the British ; but before 
the trial, V. W. had gone to Nova Scotia. (See 282, note.) 

In the Inferior Court of Common Pleas, Thomas Cornwell 
was sued for trespass by Thomas Waters; John Smith, by 
Henry Stocker, Aspinwall Cornwell, and Richard Thorne • St. 



TAX ON QUEENS COUNTY. 259 

Thome, Sr., by Richardson Sands ; and Ed. Thorne, by Sam'l 
Cornwell and Benjamin Sands, Sr. — Holt^ May 29, '84. • 

The LoyaUsts, by feeing' Burr, Hamilton, and other of the 
ablest Whig lawyers pretty handsomely, succeeded in staving 
off many of these suits, or removing them by certiorari to the 
higher courts. In this way the Whigs were frequently frus- 
trated in their hopes of getting satisfaction for damages. 

531. Such of the taxable inhabitants of Q,ueens county 
(whether Whig or Loyalist) as remained within the British 
lines during the Revolution, were taxed £14,000 to defray the 
expenses of the war. — May 28, '84. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



A. 

Albertson, Derrick, robbed, 33G. 
Alexander, Joseph, hung, 337. 
Allen, Henry, 33, 101. 
Altrecht, Capt. Barent, 353, note. 
Amberman, Derick, murdered, 255. 
Areson, Benj., robbed, 205. 



B. 

Baylis, Capt. Ephraim, 48, 58. 
Baylis, Elias, 56, 57, 113. 
Baxter, Israel, 330. 
Bennet, Jacob, robbed, 157. 
Birdsall, B., 42, 66, 81, 83, 87, 88, 

218, 292. 
Birch, Col., 117, 118,505. 
Blackwell, Samuel, 6, 13, 108. 
Bloodgood, Widow, 109. 
Bloomer, Rev. Joshua, 213,240. 
Bogart, Isaac, J 19. 
Bogart Tunis, 334, 368, note. 
Bowden, Rev. Mr., 213, 225, 260. 
Bowne,Willet, robbed, 204. 
Brewerton, Col. George, 245, 485. 
Brooks, Dr. David, 320, 397. 
Brown, Col. Monfort,383,483,492. 
Brush, Major, 316, note, 395. 
Burling, James, 109, 520. 
Burns, Michael, 117. 
Burnet, Rev. M., 212. 
Burtis, John, attacked, 323. 
Burr, James, shot, 323. 
Butler, John, robbed, 411. 



Carlton, Sir Guy, 461, note, 520. 



Carpenter, Jacob, robbed, 38C. 

Clowes, Samuel, 468. 

Cock, Cnpt. Abm., taken, 391. 

Cock, Wm., robbed, 386. 

Cock, Clark, robbed, 394. 

Cock, Samuel, robbed, 404. 

Coe.Capt. Benjamin, 102,103,526. 

Coe, Jona., 108. 

Colden, David, 123, 191,460. 

Colden, Lt. Gov., 2, note ; address- 
ed, 20. 

Coles, Nathaniel, horse stolen, 415. 

Coles, Albert, carried ofi', 397. 

Coles, Lieut. Robert, 54, 63. 

Cornwell, Cor., robbed, 336. 

Connvell, Wm., 33,90,330. 

Cornwell, John, 33, 90. 

Cornwell, Aspinwall, 33, 305. 

Cornwell, Hewlett, 330. 

Cornwell, Richard, widow of, rob- 
bed, 336. 

Corsa,Col. Isaac, 190. 

Covert, Tunis, 255. 

Craft, Wright, 336. 

Creed, Wm., 113,282. 

Creed, Benjamin, 261. 

Cruger, John Harris, 484. 

Cumberson, Thoinas, shoots a sol- 
dier, 166. 

Cunningham, W., 117, 200, note, 
368, note. 

Cutting, Rev. Leonard, 338. 



D. 



Delancey, Gen. Oliver, 214, 368, 

482, 483. 
Delancey, Maj. Oliver, 112, 505. 
Dibble, Fyler, 378. 
Dickie, Capt., 350, 353, 357. 



261 



Ditmars, Dowe, 108, 212. 
Ditmars, Abm , 72, 114. 
Dodge, Peter, 115. 
Dodge, Thomas, 33,296. 
Doughty, Samuel, 267, note ; rob- 
bed, 365. 
Downing, Silas, robbed, 427. 
Doxey, Isaiah, 96, note, 213. 
Duryee, Daniel, 113. 



E. 



Edsall, Philip, 218. 
Emerick, Lieut. Col, 375. 
Envidito, John, taken, 419. 
Erskine, Sir William, 117,390. 
Everitt, Benjamin, robbed, 281. 



Fanning, Col. Edmund, 491. 
Farley, Capt. James, robbed, 411. 
Farmer, John, 11, note. 
Field, Hezekiah, 108. 
Fleet, Arnold, carried off, 398. 
Foster, Sol., shoots a soldier, 367. 
Franklin, Hon. Wm., 407, 410. 
French, Capt. Joseph, 26. 
Friend, Charles, 53. 
Froeligh, Rev. Sol., 213, note. 
Furman, William, 113, 165. 



G. 

Glean, William, 205. 
Greene, Gen. Nath'l, letter from, 93. 
Griswold, Joseph, 299. 
Guthrie, William, hung, 337. 



H. 



Haire, Jona., shoots a soldier, 424. 
Haines, Alexander, 314. 
Hale, Capt. N., 368, note. 
Hailet, Joseph, robbed, 132. 
Hamilton, Col. Archibald, 60, 182, 

193, note, 195,446. 
Hammon, Jupiter, 410, note. 



Hart, Rev. Joshua, 221. 

Haviland, David, sheep stolen, 211. 

Heard, Col., 38. ' 

Hedger, James, shot, 200. 

Hegeman, Andrew, 368, note. 

Hegeman, Judge Elbert, 117. 
' Hegeman, Elbert, 334. 
I Hegeman, Joost, 425. 
j Hewlett, Capt. Benj., 347, 253. 
I Hewlett, Richard, robbed, 336. 
I Hewlett, Lieut. Col. Richard, 31, 
I 35, 190, 342, 423, 486. 
! Hewlett, James, robbed, 322. 
j Hewlett, Joseph, 91. 
I Hewlett,Capt. St., 347,363. 
: Herrold, Samuel, robbed, 301. 
j Hicks,Capt. Charles, 347, 353,359. 

Hicks, Tho's, 22, 26 ; robbed, 197. 
I Hicks, Serg't William, 91. 
I Higbie, Stephen, 193, note. 

Hinchman, Robert, 114, 529. 

Holroyd,John, 300, robbed, 310. 

Horton, Rev. Simon, 108. 

Howard, William, 99. 

Hyler, Capt., 361,362. 



Inglis, Rev. C, 56, jwte. 
Ireland, John, carried off, 376. 



J. 



.Tackson, John, robbed, 350. 

Jackson, Parmenas, murdered, 354. 

Janecke, Lieut. Col., 500. 

Jay, James, 316, note. 

Jay, John, draws up a report on 

Queens County, 37. 
Jervis, David, shoots Capt. Martin 

and Jim Brown 323. 
Jones, Capt. David, 350, note, 360. 
Jones, Hailet, 365. 
Jones, Hon. Thomas, 402, 468. 



Keteltas, Rev. Abm., 2, 75, 114, 
251,375. 



262 



INDEX. 



Kirb}', Benjamin, 397. 

Kirk, John, 122, 424. 

Kissam, Benjamin, report on stock. 

of Queens County, 79. 
Kissam, Daniel, Esq., 22. 
Kissam, Daniel Whitehead, 41. 



Lamberson, David, 114. 
Latham, Dr. Samuel, 118. 
Laton, Capt. David, 54, 63, 83. 
Lawrence, Jacobus, innkeeper, 338. 
Lawrence, .Tona., 22, 77, 102, 108. 
Lawrence, D., 218. 
Lawrence, William, 104, 107. 
Lawrence, Richard, 108. 
Lee, Gen. Charles, letter from, 41. 
Livingston, John, Jr., 57, 64, 263. 
Livingston, Philip J., 463,466. 
Lloyd, Henry, James, Joseph, and 

John, 410. 
Lobden, Stephen, shot, 423. 
Ludlam, Nicholas, 265,281. 
Ludlam, William, robbed, 282, 410, 

430. 
Ludlow, Hon. George Duncan, 305, 

311,460. 
Ludlow, Col. Gabriel G., 305, 486. 
Luyster, John, 530. 



M. 



Manee, Richard, 83,90,116. 
Martin, Dr. St., 60,64. 
Martin, Capt. Stephen, shot, 
Marrener, Capt. Wm , taken, 
Mather, Rev. M , carried off", 
McEvers, James, 64, 114. 
Meserole, John, 157. 
Mills, Samuel, robbed, 281. 
Mills, Hope, 51, 224. 
Mitchell, Benjamin, murdered 
Mitchell, Lieut. Tho's, 33,51 
Mitchell, Uriah, sheriff, 337. 
Monfort, Jacobus, 424, note. 
Moafort, Joost, 119. 
Moore, Robert, 111. 
Moore, Lambert, 117. 
Moore ,Tho's Lambert, teacher, 142. 



323. 
3.53. 
412. 



,327 
, 63. 



Morrell, John, 330. 

Molt, Adam, robbed, 336,337. 

Mott, William, robbed, 336. 

Mott, John, 359. 

Mudge, Michael, robbed, 332. 

Muirson, Heathcoat, shot, 410. 



N. 

Nostrand, Capt. Peter, 96. 
Nostrand, Capt. Daniel, 63. 



O. 



Ogden, Dr.L, 111,256. 
Onderdonk, Adrian, letter from, 71, 

117. 
Onderdonk, Peter, 316. 
Onderdonk, Hendrick, 115, note; 

robbed, 315. 
Onderdonk, Andrew, 94, note, 102. 
Onderdonk, Andrew H., 115, note. 



Parsons, Gen., 374, 388,390. 
Pearsall, Thomas, carried off, 314 ; 

robbed, 336. 
Pearsall, Israel, robbed, 333. 
Pearsall, Uriah, 353, note. 
Peters, Hewlett, 14. 
Pettet, Benjamin, 65. 
Pine, James, 353, note. 
Polhemus, .Jacob, 106. 
Polhemus,Capt. John, 235,288. 
Pool, James, robbed, 336. 
Putnam, Gen. Israel, 103 ; letter 

of, 388. 



R. 

Ramage, James, 337. 
Rapalje, John, prisoner, 402, note. 
Rapalje, Daniel, Esq., 26. 
Rapalje, Cor., shoots a soldier, 167. 
Rawdon, Lord, 249, 488. 
Raynor, Joseph, 350. 
R,em3en,Maj. Abm ,59,81,83,108. 



INDEX. 



263 



.Remscn, Col. Jeronius, 34; letter 
from, 7.3; 94, 101, 102,108. 

Remsen, Jeremiah, shoots three sol- 
diers, 1G7. 

Rennie, Samuel, 107. 

Rider, Step., wounds Geo. Smith, 65. 

Riker, Dr., 100. 

Robertson, Gov., 104, 119, 461. 

Robinson, Col. Beverly, 493. 

Robinson, Col. Jos., 18, 29,66, 111. 

Rodman, John, 15, 192. 

Rubell, Rev. Johannes Casparus, 
213, note. 

Rushniore, Isaac, robbed, 387, 427. 

Ryerson, Cor's, innkeeper, 205. 



Sands, Benjamin, 116, 117. 
Sands, Col. John, 51, 71, 81, 116, 

316,520. 
Sands, Simon, 90. 
Schoonmaker, Rev. IMartinus, 213. 
Scott, Gen. John Morin, letters 

from, 62. 
Schenck, Martin, 33 ; robbed, 331. 
Seaman, Zeb., 17,292. 
Seaman, Braddock, wounded, 350. 
Seaman, Capt. Samuel, 360, 365. 
Seabury, Rev. Samuel, 491. 
Seabury, Dr., 65,354. 
Searing, Dr., 65, 354. 
Searing, John, robbed, 336. 
Seers, Isaac, letter from, 41. 
Selleck, Capt. Abm., taken, 373. 
Sheddan, Capt., boat taken, 414. 
Simcoe, Lieut. Col., 390, 399, 405, 

487. 
Silliman,Gen.,390,402. 
Skidmore, John, robbed, 3C5. 
Skidmore, Samuel, robbed, 374. 
Skidmore, Maj. Joim J., 32, 85, 1 14. 
Skinner, Gen. Cortland, 483. 
Skudder, Wm. S., taken, 374,388. 
Smith, George, wounded, 65. 
Smith, Joseph, 65. 
Smith, Othniel, constable, 1. 
Smith, Col. Josiah, 81, 102, note. 
Smith, John, 114. 
Smith, Timothy, 293, a. 
Smith, Tredwell, robbed, 336. 



Smith, Thomas, Esq , 374, 430. 
Sniften, Peter, robbed, 329. 
Spooner, Gaphineah, 267. 
Springsteen, Caspar, 138. 
Sutton, Wm., carried off, 304,398 
Suydam, Hendrick, 36, note. 
Suydam, Lambert, letter from, 97. 



Talman, John, 15,326. 
Talman, widow, robbed, 200. 
Tarlton, Lieut. Col. ,490. 
Thompson, Lieut. Col., 494. 
Thome, John, 9 1,3 16. 
Thorne, Major Richard, 22, 91, 94, 

118,309,316,526. 
Thorne, Tho's, 109; robbed, 337. 
Thome, Capt. Stephen, 25, 117; 

robbed, 303,330. 
Thorne, Robert, innkeeper, 330. 
Thome, Capt. Joseph, takes a whale 

boat, 3.30. 
Thurman, John, robbed, 194. 1 
Thurston, .John, 72,114. 
Tom, Capt. Nath'l, 22, 109. 
Toogood, Lieut. Wm., 76. 
Townsend, James, 70, 100. 
Townsend, George, 84, 122. 
Townsend, Jotham, 89. 
Townsend, Samuel, 8, 16, 22, 70, 

101,122. 
Townsend, Rich'd, robbed, 321, 336. 
Townsend, William, 34. 
Townsend, Miss Sarah, valentine 

to. 390. 
Townsend, John, 122, 398, 484. 
Townsend, Prior, 526. 
Tredwell, Dr. B., wife of, robbed, 

310. 
Troup, Lieut. Robert, 1 12. 
Tryon, Gov. Wm., 117, note, 123, 

124. 
Tumbull, Lieut. Col., 489. 



U. 

Underbill, George, robbed, 404. 
Underhill, Daniel, robbed, 404. 
Underbill, Amos, 426. 



264 



Upham, Lieut. Col., 408.410. 



Valentine, Ob., 310. 329. 
Valentine, Capt. Philip, 63, 80. 
Vanderbelt, Jol.- 109, 183. 
Van VVyck, Capt. Tho's, thanked, 

354, note. 
Van Wyck, Cornelius, 49, 70, lOl, 

109. 
Van Wvck, Stephen, 15,34. 



W. 

V^allace, Alexander, 64, 222. 
Walton, Abm., carried off, 397. 
Warne, William, 104, note. 111. 
Weekes, John, 386, 404, 422. 
Whitehead, Benjamin, 2, note, 64, 

257. 
Willets, Thomas, sheriff, 86. 
Willis, John, robbed, 430. 
Williams, John, letter from, 49. 



Williams, Major William, disarms 
Loyalists, 31. 

Williams, Lieut. Thomas, 83, 96. 

Williams,/a<e Seaman, Zeb., 17,292. 

Williamson, John, robbed, 282. 

Wilson, Andrew, teacher, 216. 

Wood^lijah, 352. 

Wood, Selah, robbed, 430. 

Wooden, Solomon, 423. 

Woodhull, Gen., letters from, 33, 
40,82,99, 100, 111, 112,190. 

Woodward, Thomas, shoots a sol- 
dier, 164- 

Woolley, Capt. John, 309. 

Wright, Nicholas, 430. 

Wright, John, 426. ' 

Wright, Capt. Jacob, 32, 103. 

Wurmb,Col.,499. 

Wyckoff, Major Hend'k, carries 
money to Clinton, 316. 



Youngs, Capt. Israel, 410, 421 , 395. 
Youngs, Jonas, 398. 



ERRATA. 

Page 43, 30th line, for "or" read "an." 
Page 49, 22nd line, for "36" read "31." 
Page 58, 34th line, for " Hyman " read " Hegeman." 
Page 67, 27th line, for "5s. 4d." read 53s. 4d." 
Page 76, 27th line, for "to" read "of." 
Page 13'3, 28th line, for "3d" read 1st." 
Page 139, 3d line, for "hedge" read "sedge." 
Page 151, 16th line, for "34th" read "38th." 
Page 153, 14th line, "he" is omitted. 
Page 188, 33d line, "and" is omitted. 
Page 189, 25th line, for "Simonson's" read " Sammis's." 
Page 209, 2nd line, "and " is omitted. 
Page 224, 21st line, "all" should be omitted. 

N. B. In Sec. 52, "Samuel Tredwell" is omitted, and the refer- 
ences are mostly incorrect.