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Full text of "Documents relating to the colonial history of the state of New Jersey, [1631-1776]"

AR C H I VE S 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



FIRST SERIES 
Vol. IV. 



This volume was compiled and edited by authority 
of the State of New Jersey; at the request of the 
New Jersey Historical Society, and under the direc- 
tion of the following committee : 

Nathaniel Niles, Clin, 
Marcus L. Ward, 
Joel Parker, 
W. A. Whitehead. 






DOCUMEN Y-%1M?S*. 



RELATING TO THE 1 



COLONIAL HISTORY 



OF THE 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY, 



EDITED BY 

WILLIAM A. WHITEHEAD, 

Corresponding Secretary of the New Jersey Historical Society; Author of 
East Jersey Under the Proprietary Governments; Contributions 
to the Early History of Perth Amboy and the Surround- 
ing Country; Editor of the Papers of Lewis Mor- 
ris, and of an Analytical Index to the 
Colonial Documents of New 
Jersey, etc., etc. 



VOLUME IV. 

ADMINISTRATIONS OF GOVERNOR ROBERT HUNTER AND 
PRESIDENT LEWIS MORRIS. 



1709-1720. 



NEWARK, N. J. : 

DAILY ADVERTISER PRINTING HOUSE. 

1882. 



FiSi 
•7) 63 



-«y 



jam» 3 ww 



PREFACE. 



It was stated, in the preface to the preceding volume, 
that it was intended this volume should contain all 
the remaining documents relating to the Union Era — 
or that period during which |JewYork and New Jersey 
were in charge of the same governors — of a character 
to warrant their preservation in this series; but the 
prosecution of the work having revealed others equally 
deserving, another volume will have to be filled with 
them ; so that the printing of the documents relating 
to the Provincial Era, commencing with the adminis- 
tration of Lewis Morris in 1 738, is necessarily deferred 
to the sixth volume. 



SOURCES 
WHENCE THE DOCUMENTS IN THIS VOLUME WERE OBTAINED. 



Public Record Office, London. England. 

Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of 

New York. 
New York Colonial Documents in Office of the Secretary of 

state, at Albany. 
Rutherfurd Collection of Manuscripts. 
Manuscripts of New Jersey Historical Society. 
Manuscripts of Wilt i am A. Whitehead. 
Smith's History of New Jersey. 
Pennsylvania Colonial Records. 
Pennsylvania Historical Society Library. 



CONT E NTS. 



PAGE. 

1709 — Dec. 23-37. — Governor Robert Hunters Instructions 1 

" " 23. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Hun- 
ter — conveying some special instructions 2 

1710 — July 5. — Letter from Col. Robert Quary to John Pulteney. 

Esq. —relative to the arrival of Governor Hunter 

— . — Petition of the Freeholders of the County of Mid- 
dlesex to Governor Hunter — against Peter Sonmans. 8 

" "• 10. — Letter from Governor Hunter to Lord Dart- 
mouth, Secretary of State — relating to Lady Love- 
lace 10 

" Oct. 3. — Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 
Trade — respecting an intended meeting of the As- 
sembly of New Jersey - 11 

" Nov. 1. — Letter from John Barclay (to whom is uncertain) — 
relating to preparations for the accommodation of 
Governor Hunter at Burlington 13 

" " 1. — Statements under oath respecting the conduct of 

Peter Sonmans at Woodbridge 15 

" •' 14. — Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 
Trade — about the place of meeting of the New Jer- 
sey Assembly 16 

1711 — Jan. — Address from the New Jersey Council to Governor 

Hunter 17 

" " 2.— Minutes of the House of Assembly of New Jersey 19 

" " — . — Extract from Minutes of the New Jersey Assem- 
bly — expelling Major William Sandford '-'- 

" Feb. 9. — The Representation of the General Assembly of 
New Jersey to Governor Hunter — relating to the 
administration of Lord Cornbury - 1 

•' May 7. — Letter from Governor Hunter to the Commission- 
ers of Customs — about the removal of the Collector 
at Perth Amboy i; ' 



x \\[ CONTENTS. 

PAGE. 
1711_May 7. -Communication from Governor Hunter to the 
Lords of Trade— with a number of documents 

referring to affairs in East Jersey 

.« Feb 6 —Several addresses and depositions against Jere- 
miah Basse, Secretary of New Jersey, referred to in 
the foregoing communication of Governor Hunter.. <1 
„ May 7._Letter from Governor Hunter of New Jersey to 
Secretary St. Johns-recommending John Kiel for 

Surveyor General of New Jersey - ' 8 

« Address of the Assembly of New Jersey to Gov- 
ernor Hunter- against Mr. Hall, one of the Council 
of New Jersey, Judge of the Inferior Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, etc., with Mr. Hall's answer-inclosed 

in the foregoing letter - 

« \ memorial from the Assembly of New Jersey to 

Governor Hunter-relating to the perversions of 
justice in the Courts of Law. inclosed in the fore- 
going letter - - 

•< Answer of Mr. Basse, Secretary of New Jersey, to 

a representation of Mr. George Willocks against him. 90 
« May 25.— An address from inhabitants of Salem to Governor 
Hunter— relative to the payment of taxes and the 

election of new representatives for that County 112 

« Jlinc ao.— Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Hun- 
ter, in answer to his communication of May 7th 113 

« j u i y 9.— Letter from Edward Richier, a West Jersey Pro- 
prietor, to Secretary Popple -- ll0 

" " 13.— Letter from William Dookwra to Secretary Popple, 

transmitting the letter that follows 116 

<< _. —Extract of a letter from a member of the Council 

of New Jersey to William Dockwra . - 118 

« 16.— Address of the New Jersey General Assembly to 

t lie Queen, tendering their support .- 134 

_ —Letter from Governor Hunter to Captain Cox- 
about dispatching troops to Albany -135 

July 31.— Letter from Col. Thomas Farmar to Governor 

Hunter— ab.mt supplies for the troops 135 

—.—Letter from Governor Hunter to Col. Cox— about 

dischargi ng volunteers 

Vua 3 —Letter to Col. Farmar, about the movements of 

137 
his troops 

Sept. 12.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary St. 

John— about New Jersey affairs -- 137 

Oct. 22.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Jeremiah Basse, 
Secretary, etc.— about Commissions for Supreme 
Court Judges 139 



CONTENTS. ix 

PAGE. 
1711 — Nov. 7. — Memorial of New Jersey Proprietors in England, 
to the Lords of Trade — about the disputes between 
the Council and Assembly 140 

" "' 25. — Letter from Governor Hunter to Jeremiah Basse, 

Secretary, etc. — relative to sundry Commissions 141 

" " 29. — Letter from Jeremiah Basse to Governor Hunter — 

relating to surveys 142 

'• Dec. 11. — Letter from Thomas Gardiner to Governor Hun- 
ter — about his being qualified as Surveyor General., 144 

" " 5-12. — Protest of Daniel Leeds and others — against the 
proceedings of the Council of Proprietors of West 
Jersey 146 

" " — . — Letter from Jeremiah Basse to Governor Hunter — 

about the swearing into office of Thomas Gardiner. . 148 
1712 — Jan. 1. — Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade — about changes in New Jersey Council 149 

" March 1. — Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 
Trade — asking for action in relation to the New 
Jersey Council 151 

" April 10. — Letter from Jeremiah Basse to Governor Hunter — 

about a meeting of the Council of Proprietors 151 

" May 12. — Persons recommended to fill vacancies in the 

Council of New Jersey 152 

" June 2. — Representation of the state of the Church of Eng- 
land in New York and New Jersey, by Rev. Jacob 
Henderson 155 

" " 9. — Letter from Governor Hunter to the magistrates 
of Gloucester County — thanking them for services 
rendered 158 

" " 9. — Letter from Governor Hunter to Jeremiah Basse. 

concerning the seizure of a vessel at Gloucester bo!* 

" " 9. — Letter from Governor Hunter to Col. Gookin, 
Governor of Pennsylvania, relating to his course 
respecting the seizure referred to in the foregoing 
letters 160 

" " 17. — Remarks on the Rev. Mr. Henderson's State of 
the Church of England in New York and New Jer- 
sey, dated June 2d 161 

" " 23. — State of the Courts of Judicature in New Jersey. . 166 

" Aug. 14. — Letter from Secretary Popple to the Bishop of 
London — relating to the proposed New Jersey Coun- 
cillors 168 

" " 27.— Communication from the Lords of Trade to the 
Queen — relative to the changes in the Council of 
New Jersey 169 



x CONTENTS. 

PAGE. 

1712— Oct. 31.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade, on New Jersey affairs. . - - - 

' • March 5.— Letter from the clergy of New York and New Jer- 
sey to the Rev. Jacob Henderson— disapproving of 

his course toward the Council of New J ersey 173 

14. —Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade— about New Jersey affairs -. 174 

21.— Letter from Thomas Gordon in answer to the Rev. 

Jacob Henderson, with inclosures - 176 

« April 23.-Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Hun- 

ter. relative to the Council of New Jersey 182 

« —.—Letter from Governor Hunter to Attorney Gen- 
eral Griffith ---- - - 184 

« x) ec- —.—Petition of the Freeholders of Middlesex County 
to the House of Assembly— against the election of 

Thomas Farmar 186 

—.—Petition of the inhabitants of Woodbridge, Middle- 
sex County, to Governor Hunter, for a License to 
build a church for worship after the manner of the 

Church of England 189 

1714— June 23.— Accounts of Thomas Gordon, Receiver General, 

from June 23d, 1710, to June 23d, 1712 185 

" Aug. 5-28.— Letter from Joseph Morgan, of Freehold, New 
Jersey, to the Lords of Trade— relating to some 

improvements in modes of navigation 190 

« « 27.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade— about New Jersey affairs I 95 

1715— Jan. 14.— Letter from Dr. Daniel and Mr. Samuel Coxe to 
the Lords of Trade— against the renewal of Gov- 
ernor Hunter's commission - 1!) 8 

« Feb . 8.— Letter from the Earl of Clarendon (Lord Corn- 
bury) to the Lords of Trade— about certain acts of 

the New Jersey Assembly 1" 

11 —From the Lords of Trade to Mr. Secretary Stan- 
hope, with drafts of new Commissions to Governor 

Hunter va 

21.— Letter from Dr. Daniel Coxe to the Lords of 
Trade— remonstrating against the reappointment of 

Governor Hunter ~ ,J 

" March 28.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade— on the State of affairs in New Jersey 200 

.. April 9._Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 
ple— about the Rev. Mr. Talbot; of Burlington, and 

Messrs. Griffith, Coxe and Basse... --- -- 209 

" May 21.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade -- 21 ° 



CONTENTS. 



XI 



1715— May 21.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Mr. William 
Popple, Secretary, etc.— relating to Lord Cornbury's 
objections to an act of the New Jersey Assembly 211 

June 24.— Letter from the Lords of Trade to the Bishop of ' 
London, relating to the character of Missionaries. _. 212 

July 25.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade— about New Jersey affairs 213 

Aug. 13.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 
Trade— acknowledging the receipt of his Commis- 
sions 01 ~ 

31.— Order in Council relating to the payment of a cer- 
tain sum of money by Thomas Gordon 217 

Oct. 10.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Mr. Secretary 
Popple— relating to certain appointments of the 

Bishop of London 2 18 

Nov. 9.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 
ple—respecting certain proceedings of the Bev. Mr 

1 Ves ey--- -- 219 

12.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 
Trade— about certain acts of the New Jersey As- 
sembly _ ___ m 

14.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Mr. Secretary 
Popple— relating principally to the Bev. Mr. Talbot 

and the Bev. Mr. Vesey 223 

1716— March 22.— Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Hun- ' 

ter — about New Jersey matters 227 

April 16.— Letter from Mr. Secretary Popple to Governor 

Hunter 229 

30.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade — about New Jersey affairs 230 

" 30.— Indictment of Chief Justice Jamison— referred to 

in foregoing letter _ 236 

30.— Indictment of Lewis Morris by the Grand Jury of 
Burlington County, New Jersey 239 

—.—Authority from Charles Dunster and Joseph 
Ormston, Proprietors, to James Alexander to col- 
lect their Quit-rents 241 

May 1.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 
ple—inclosing two Quaker speeches relating to Mr. 
Coxe 242 

19.— Governor Hunter's Speech to the Assembly of New 

Jersey 249 

" " 23.— Address from the Assembly of New Jersey to Gov- 
ernor Hunter— relating to the expelling of then- 
Speaker, inclosed in foregoing 250 



xii CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 



1716_May 25.-Address to the King from the Council and Assem- 
bly of New Jeney-on the defeat of the Scotch 

,,. .- 252 

Rebellion.-- " 

« .. 29 -Letter from Governor Hunter to the agent of New 

York in London-Coxe and his friends expelled the ^ 

House of Assembly T ~ ~ V ~ ~ i 

tt June 6.-Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

T ra( je— about New Jersey affairs 

« « 8.-Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 
ple—about Mr. Coxe and others - ^° 

8 -Indictment of Thomas Gordon, Attorney General, 
by the Grand Jury of Burlington County-for not 

allowing the affirmations of Quakers 35y 

« Oct. 2.-Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade— about proceedings of Mr. Coxe <*W 

,. Nov . i._Letter from Samuel Bustal to his wife-about 

Governor Hunter - - " " " 

12 —Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords ot 
Trade— about leaving for Burlington to dissolve the 
Assembly, in consequence of the prevalence there of 

the small-pox * -" 

16 —Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 

' pie— inclosing a letter from Daniel Coxe 265 

27— Speech of Governor Hunter to the New Jersey 

' Assembly, and their address to him 267 

_._William Pinhome's project for raising money by 

paper bills for the encouragement of trade 269 

1717—Jan 21-25.— Documents referring to an attempt to defraud 

some Indians of their land— referred to in the fol- ^ 

lowing letter 

« Feb. 13.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords ot 

Trade— about New Jersey affairs 273 

u Mai . ch -.-Memorial to the Lords of Trade from Thomas 

Coram— about the production of hemp and iron _ _ _ 286 
_ —Extract from minutes of the Council of West Jer- 
sey Proprietors— appointing James Alexander Sur- 
veyor General 

„ kpri] 3.— Letter from George Willocks to Governor Hunter- 

about Rev. Mr. Talbot 290 

3.— Letter from Rev. John Talbot to Governor Hunter 291 
8.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

' Trade— with acts of the New Jersey Assembly 291 

" May 3.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 
ple—with minutes of the New Jersey Council 294 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

1717 — May 13. — Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 
ple — relating to Daniel Coxe and New Jersey affairs 295 
" 24. — Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 
ple — relating to disorders in New Jersey 297 

" 21. — Deposition of George Willocks relating to conver- 
sations had with Rev. John Talbot — inclosed in fore- 
going letter 301 

" 24. — Address of the House of Representatives of New 

Jersey to Governor Hunter 303 

" ' 27. — Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 
ple — transmitting a petition embodying complaints 

against him 305 

July — . — Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 
Trade — relating to a memorial against him pre- 
sented by Daniel Coxe 311 

" 27.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Ambrose Philips, 
agent for New York — in answer to the complaints 

against him 312 

Aug. 13. — Letter from Governor Hunter to the Secretary of 
the Lords of Trade — recommending three Council- 

ors to fill vacancies 326 

" 22.— Letter from J. Addison, Secretary of State, to the 
Lords of Trade— notifying them that the King is 

satisfied with the conduct of Governor Hunter 327 

Sept. 4. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Hun- 
ter — informing him of the King's approval of his 

conduct 3S27 

Nov. 14. — Reports of the Attorney General and Solicitor 
General— on the effect of the Proclamation for par- 
doning pirates 329 

<• 27.— Order of Council appointing three New Jersey 

Councilors 331 

Oct. 8.— Warrant to Governor Hunter for using a new seal 

for New Jersey 332 

Nov. 16.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 
ple, of the Lords of Trade— relative to vacancies hi 

the Council of New Jersey 333 

27.— Representation from the Lords of Trade to the 
King— recommending the approval of the New Jer- 
sey act allowing Quakers to affirm 334 

3.— Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Hun- 
ter—informing him of the action taken on his vari- 
ous communications 335 

10._ Representation from the Lords of Trade to the 
King, with the names of Commissioners for trying 
pirates in America -- 339 



1718— Jan. 



Feb. 



i. a 



xiv CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

1718— March 16.— Order of Council referring to the Lords of Trade 

a petition against allowing the Quakers to affirm... 341 
1715 —.—Scheme or treatise relating' to the Plantations- 
referred to the Lords of Trade by Mr. Secretary 

Stanhope - «**» 

1718— April 19-20.— Governor Hunter's message and speech to the 

New Jersey Assembly 364 

M ay 3.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade — about New Jersey affairs 363 

June 18.— Representation from the Lords of Trade, to the 
King— relative to a petition against the act allowing 

Quakers to affirm 3(56 

July 11.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade— referring to Councilman George Deacon 373 

" 23.— Letter from the Secretary of the Lords of Trade 
to Governor Hunter— about the members of the 

Council of New Jersey 374 

Nov. 3.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 
ple — about New Jersey Council 376 

p ec< 10.— Letter from James Logan to George Willocks— 

relative to the division line between the Provinces.. 377 
1719— March 5. — Report of Solicitor General upon the act natural- 
izing Jacob Arents and his children 382 

1710-1719— —.—Account rendered to the Auditors by Thomas 
Gordon, Receiver General, of his receipts and ex- 
penditures from 23d June, 1710, to 26th March, 1719 368 
1719— May 1.— Commission of the New York Commissioners and 
Surveyors to run the line between New York and 

New Jersey 382 

•' :i 27.— Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of 

Trade — transmitting public papers 386 

" June 6.— Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Pop- 
ple — reference to his intended departure for London 387 
" " 27.— Letter from James Logan, of Philadelphia, to Col. 

Daniel Coxe, of New Jersey, then in London 388 

'< •• 30.— Instructions from the Commissioners on the 
boundary line to John Harrison — relative to prepara- 
tory examination of the course 391 

" July 8. — Proceedings of the Council of Pennsylvania on 
the approaching departure of Governor Hunter for 

England 393 

" " 25.— Tripartite Indenture settling the north partition 

point between New Jersey and New York 394 

" Aim. '^0. — Proclamation of Lewis Morris, President of the 
Council of New Jersey — about the neglect of the 
Assessors of some coimties - 400 



rONTENTS. \ \ 

PAGE. 

1719— Sept. 24.— Petition of Allane Jarratt, Surveyor of New York, 
to the Council there — relating to the partition line 
between that Province and New Jersey, with the 
Council's report thereon 403 

" Oct. 12.— Memorial of the Proprietors of New Jersey to 
Lewis Morris, President of the Council — relating to 
the survey of the boundaries between that Province 
and New York 408 

'• " 31. — Letter from Colonel P. Schuyler, President of the 
New York Council, to the Lords of Trade— relating 
to Surveyor Jarratt 431 

" ■ — . — Petition of inhabitants of New York to the Coun- 
cil there — relating to the survey of the partition line 

between that Province and New Jersey 433 

Nov. 21. — Letter from Colonel Schuyler, of New York Coun- 
cil, to the Lords of Trade, as to the rights of the 
owners of the lands bordering on New Jersey 438 

" " 21. — Letter from Lewis Morris, President of the Coun- 
cil of New Jersey, to the Lords of Trade — about the 
boundary line and other New Jersey affairs 439 

" Dec. 8. — Caveat of Daniel Coxe — relating to partition line 444 
1720 — March 31. — Letter from President Lewis Morris, of New Jer- 
sey, to Peter Schuyler. President of the Council of 
New York — relating to the boundary line 446 

" May 4. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Mr. Secretary 
Craggs — with commission of William Burnet. Gov- 
ernor of New York and New Jersey 447 

" " 0. — Letter from Lewis Morris, President of New Jer- 
sey, to Peter Schuyler, President of New York 448 



NEW JERSEY 

COLONIAL DOCUMENTS. 



Governor Hunter's Instructions. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. Iffl : p. 34.] 

Instructions for Our Trusty and Welbeloved 
Eobt* Hunter Esqf Our Captain General 
and Governor in Chief in & ouer Our Prov- 
ince of Nova Cassarea or New Jersey in 

America. Given at Our Court at the 

[27 th ] Day of [Dec r ] in the- Year of 

Our Reign 17[09]/ 

1. With these Our Instructions you will receive Our 
Commission 2 under Our Great Seal of Great Britain. 
Constituting you Our Captain General and Governor 
in Chief of Our Province of New Jersey. 

2 You are with all Convenient Speed to repair to 
Our said Province, and being there Arrived, yon arc to 
take upon you the Execution of the place and Trust 
we have reposed in you, and forthwith to call together 
the following persons, whom we do by these presents 

1 The draft was agreed upon December 23d, 1709. but tlie Instructions were not 
dated until December 27th. 1709.— Ed. 

2 The Commission was prepared by the Lords of Trade as early as September 15th, 
1700, and will be found at length in New York Colonial Documents, Vol. V, p. 92.— Ed 



2 APMTNISTKATION OS GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1709 

appoint & Constitute Members of ?*\ Co ™ C *™*^ 
for that Province Viz? Lewis Moms, Andrew Brown, 
[Bowrie,] Francis Davenport, William Pmhorn, Geo. 
Deacon, W? Sandford, Rich:' Townley, Dan Cox, 
Roger Mompesson; Peter Sonmans, Hugh Hoddy, V\ , 
Hall & Rotf Quary Esq?. 

[It is thought unnecessary to print the ^™ c ^™ 
in full, as they are similar in all respects to those 
given Lord Lovelace which may be found on page .lb 
of Volume III. Some additional instructions are 
added, relative to the laws for regulating the Planta- 
tion Trade, but as they were not particularly applica- 
ble to New Jersey, they are omitted They were sent 
to Col. Hunter also, as Governor ot New York and 
may be found at length in New York Colonial Docu- 
ments, Vol. V.. p. 111. -Ed. 



From the Lords of Trade to Governor Robert Hunter. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol V. ( >. 154.] 

To Collonel Hunter. 

[Extracts.] 

Or 

Besides what is contained in Her Maj ,s Instructions 
to you there are several other particulars relating to 
your Governments of New York and New Jersey 
wnich we think Ourselves obliged to take notice of to 

you. 

J ***** * 

Tho' the design of the Act for uniting and quieting 
the. minds of all Her Majesty's subjects in New Jersey 
be very good, Yet there are some clauses in the Act, 
which render it unfit for Her Majesty's Eoyal Con- 
firmation. viz 1 That it pardons (amongst other Crimes) 
all High Treasons, Murders, and Piracy committed be- 



1709 J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 3 

fore the 13 th of August 1702, Whereas Her Majesty by 
her Instructions to you has reserved to her self the par- 
doning of those Crimes; which crimes are always ex- 
cepted in Acts of general pardon here, and therefore 
we desire you to endeavour to get this amended in an- 
other Act to be passed for the like purpose. 

We have no other objection to the Act for Altering 
the present Constitution and Eegulating the election 
of Representatives &c?, but that it does not assertain 
the quantity of Acres necessary to qualify Persons to 
elect or be elected Representatives in the General As- 
sembly, yon will see by Her Majesty's Instructions 
what is intended upon that matter, viz 1 That 1000 
acres of Land, or £500 personal Estate should qualify 
Persons to be Elected, and that 100 acres of Land and 
£50 personal Estate shou'd qualify to be Electors, But 
if you find this Regulation too high, you may endeav- 
our to get a new Act passed for proportioning that 
matter otherwise. In the mean time this Act will re- 
main in force, without being confirmed by Her Majes- 
ty, and you will make a Suitable use of Your Instruc- 
tions in that behalf. 

A Complaint having been made by the Proprietors 
of the Western Division that the Lord Cornbury now 
Earl of Clarendon had caused their late Secretary to 
deliver all Public Books. Papers and Records to M 1 Bass 
Secretary of the Province, and that their Records and 
deeds have been carried out of the Province, which may 
be of great Prejudice to the said Proprietors we are of 
Opinion (and accordingly signified the same to His Lord- 
ship) That all Books and Papers. Deeds and Evidences 
relating to the Property of the soil be lei i and do remain 
in the hands of the Agents for the Proprietors; and 
therefore if this be not remedied yon will do well to 
give Directions therein. 

The said Earl of Clarendon having informed us that 
an Opinion had lately been started in his Governments 



VIZ 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1709 

That if he sends any orders to New Jersey, re- 
lating to the Affairs of that Province, whilst he is a 
resident at New York, they are of no force, and to the 
same of his sending Orders from New Jersey to New 
York; We think it necessary to acquaint you that it is 
a very groundless and unreasonable Opinion, the con- 
trary being practised every Day here, by the Lords 
Lieutenants of Counties and particularly by the Lords 
Lieutenants of Ireland, whilst they are Resident in this 

Kingdom. 

* ***** 

The said Earl of Clarendon having transmitted to 
us a Remonstrance from the Assembly of New Jer- 
sey to him, with his Answer thereunto, (a copy where- 
of is here inclosed) we have considered the same and 
have made the following Observations thereupon, 
which we think necessary to communicate to you. 
The first Article. 
It appears evidently by his Lordship's Commission 
that he has no power to pardon Treason and Wilful 
Murder: But in such Cases he was allowed to grant 
Reprieves to the Offenders untill and to the Intent 
Her Majesty's Royall pleasure may be known therein, 
In order whereunto he was with all Convenient Speed 
to transmitt to Her Majesty a full state of the matter 
of fact relating to such Offenders, which we do not 
find that he has done. Upon this Occasion we must 
take notice to you that the want of Prisons in New 
Jersey is a matter proper to be laid before the General 
Assembly; You will therefore represent to them the 
Necessity of having such Prisons built that they may 
grant a sufficient Fund to be appropriated to that ser- 
vice. 

The second Article. 

As to the Complaint of Paying the Fees of Court 
tho' the Bill of Indictment be not found by the Grand 



1709] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR flUNTEH. 5 

Jury, We are of Opinion that the Person accused not 
being properly in Court till arraigned before the Petty 
Jury, no Fees till then can be demanded. 

The third Article. 
Tis true that the Probate of Wills and granting 
Letters of Administration is by Her Majesty entrusted 
with the Governor, yet we do not see that the settling 
such an Officer in each Division in New Jersey, as 
Proposed by the Remonstrance for the Ease of Her 
Majesty's subjects there, will be a lessening of the 
Rights of the Prerogative or of the Governor. 

The fifth Article. 

We are of Opinion notwithstanding His Lordship's 
Answer to the Remonstrance that such a Patent for 
the sole carting of Goods as is therein mentioned is a 
Monopoly within the 21 8 ? King Jac. 1 st cap 3 d 

We are also of Opinion that no Fee is lawful unless 
it be warranted by Prescription, or Erected by the 
Legislature, as was adjudged in Parliament the 13 th of 
K. Hen: 4 th in the case of the office then Erected, for 
measuringe of Cloths and Canvass (vide Coke's 2 a In- 
stil, fol. 533, 534.) 

We do not think His Lordship's answer to this Arti- 
cle is plainly expressed for it does not appear whether 
the Person who has the Custody of the Records has 
given sufficient Security for that Trust. 

Her Majesty having been pleased by her order in 
Council of the 24 th October last (a Copy whereof is here 
inclosed, the Original having already been sent to the 
President and Council) to signify her disallowance and 
disapprobation of an Act passed in the Province of 
New Jersey in December 1704 Entituled ' An Art for 
Regulating Negro Indians and Mulato Slaves within 
this Province of New Jersey;' by reason of the Punish 
ment to be inflicted on Negroes &c :l is such as never 
was allowed by or known in the Laws of this King- 



6 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1709 

dom, You are to cause the said order to be published 

and Entred in tin- Council Books of that Province, if 

not already done as usual. 

****** 

So We bid you heartily farewell, 
V our loving Friends 

Stanford J. Pulteney 

Dartmouth R. Monckton 

Ph: Meadows Ch: Turner. 
Whitehall, 
Decemb r the -23, 1 709. 



Letter from Colonel Quary to John Pulteney, Esq. 1 

i rom N. V. (oi Docts., Vol. v., p. 165.] 

To John Pulteney Esqf 

[Extract. ] 

Right Hon" 1 ' 

As soon as I heard of His Excellency Collonel Hun- 
ter's arrival! in his Government of New York" I 
hastened thether to pay my duty to him, in few days 
he went to the Jerseys and published his Commission 
in that Province to the great satisfaction of all persons 
and part ys whose spirits and tempers he had so allayed 
and sweetened by his speech in Council (which was 
soon made publick) that there appeared a very great 
disposition in all persons towards an union and recon- 
ciliation of all p'ticular differences, disputes and former 
quarrells so that those who were the greatest enemies 
seemed to contend only who should soonest refer all 
Contests to the Judgement & Determination of so 



1 Mr. Pulteney was one of the Lords of Trade.- Ed. 

8 Governor Hunter arrived at New York, June 14th, 1710.— New York Colonial 
Documents, Vol. V, p. 165.— Ed. 



1710] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 7 

good a Governor, & I begg leave to assure Your hon- 
our that the reconciliation of these private quarrells 
will very much tend to the accommodating all the 
publick desputes and Contests of the Country in a 
Generall Assembly; the main of all being that of 
Property, in which his Excellency hath assured them 
that he will not interpose or concern himself, but leave 
it wholly to the determination of the Law. Had some 
former Governors taken that just and prudent stepp 
the Country would never have been involved in those 
heats and confusions which of late they have laboured 
under. I may truly say that never any Governor was 
sent into these parts of the world so very well quali- 
fied to answer this great end as his Excellency Colonel 
Hunter is, his Judgment, Prudence and temper is very 
extraordinary and sufficient to overcome great 1 " diffi- 
culty than what he will meet with in composing the 
differences of these Governments,, I cannot at pres- 
ent be more particular but shall by the next. 

Before I conclude I begg leave to assure your Hon r 
that his Excellency hath shewn much prudence and 
conduct in order to the settleing the poor Palatines by 
which the end which Her Majesty proposed will be 
effectually answered in a vast advantage and security 
to all these Governments. I will not presume further 
on your Hon rs time but referr to my next and begg 
leave to subscribe myself. Right Hon b . ,e Your Hon" 
most faithful and obedient Servant 
New York this 5 th Rob t Quaky ' 

July 1710. 



« For notice of Colonel Quary, see Vol. U, p. 280. The position held by him was 
that of Surveyor General of Customs, besides being a member of several Provin- 
cial councils.— Ed. 



8 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1710 

Petition of the Freeholders of the County of Middlesex 
to Governor Hunter- against Peter Sonmans. 

[From N. Y. Col. 5JSS.. Vol. LIV, p. 138. | 

To His Excellencie Robert Hunter Capt* Gen- 
erall and Governour in Cheeff of Her Maj- 
esties Province of New Jersey, New York 
and Territories thereunto belonging, and 
Vice Admirable of the same, &c. 

The Petition of us whose names are hereunto sub- 
scribed being jfree holders of the Countie of Midxe. 
In New Jersey. 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That amongst the many memorable blessings En- 
joyed by the Subjects of Great Brittian under hei Maj- 
esties happy Reigne. None in our humble opinion 
conduces more to the advancement of their Comon 
Interest than the Union of the two Kingdoms of Eng- 
land & Scotland into one Monarchy, and since we are 
Informed that it is Her Majesties pleasure & Princely 
care by wholesome Laws to preserve it Entire In all 
its parts we out of a profound acknowledgment of 
Her Royall wisdom & goodness as well as concern 
for the welfare of this Province Do with all submis- 
sion beg leave to Represent to your Excellencie the 
Insolent behavior of Peter Sonmans Esqr. In a late 
Election at Woodbridge where the freeholders were 
conveened to chuse Representatives to meet your Ex- 
cellencie In the then Ensueing Assembly this Gentleman 
is (as we are credibly Informed) an Alien born and 
Bankrupt In England tho unworthily dignified with 
Honl. Officers In the Government endeavored to dis- 
unite the Affections of the people by publickly declar- 
ing We will not go to North Brittian for Justice No 



1710] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 9 

Turkish Government, No ffrench Government No Ar- 
bitrary Government, Liberty and property For y u 
more Effectuall accomplishing of his sinster designes 
he endeavored to ouerawe the Electors in opposition 
to that ffreedom our happy Constitution allows he 
dared the Sheriff e to set up Capt: Farmer as a Candi- 
date and ordered him to take M r Mathew Moore in to 
Custody and M r Still well in a threatening manner at 
the time of the Pols that he had his Name down 
&c: his deportment was Inconsistant with the Gravity 
of a Counsellor the truth whereof will be attested by 
undeniable concurrent Testimonies. We shall not 
trouble your Excellencie with more Complaints but 
shall pass in silence severall Enormous crimes which 
he might be Justly charged with and which he escaped 
with Impunity by the Death of the Lord Lovelace 
which was A Generall loss to this Government and is 
now repaired by Her Majesties unparalelled care & 
prudence In placeing your Excellency over us And as 
we Esteem it our singular happiness so, 

We humbly pray that your Excellency will take the 
premises under your wise consideration and use such 
methods as your Excellency will Judge expedient to 
unite the affections of Her Majesties most happy Sub- 
jects and to discourage all * " '" * that already 
has or for the future may molest thepublick peace and 
tranquillitie of this Province and your Petitioners as 
In duty bound shall ever pray. 

his Ills 

Allen Callwell George X Cumin WilliamOOulver 

Mark. Mark 

Thomas Bedford, George Brown, Geo Willocks 

John Molleson Tho. Leonard John Barclay 

Jeremiah Field John Campbell Jn" Eudyard 

Robert Webster, Mathew Moore Tho: ffarmer 

Robert Grachoise Henry Pofen Jediah Higgins 

Will Layng W m Harrison Tho Wetheril 

John Curyslet Edward Harrison John Brown 



10 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1710 



Daniel Clackford 
Elisha Parker, 
Daniel Stillwise 
Robert Wright 
John ffreeman 
John Bishop 
Sam 11 Leonard 
Will Sharp 



Michiel Van * * 

John Field 

John Harrison 

John Scotts 

John Pike 

Adam Hnde 

John Die 
Thomas Grub 
Benjamin Cumin 



David Hewett 
Wm. Thomson 
John Mathie 
WilMam Hoost 
Henary Knap 
Chas. Pike. 
Richard Cutter 
John Ford 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Lord Dartmouth, 
Secretary of State-relating to Lady Lovelace. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V, p. 169.] 

New York y e 28 July 1710 

My Lord . 

Her Ma ty was pleased to direct me to see that justice 
was done here to my Lady Lovelace, and spoke very 
feelingly of that Lady's affaires, when I had the 
1 u „ lor to kisse her hand for leave. The case stands thus : 
Bv an Act of Assembly in the Jerseys there was £800 
given to the Lord Lovelace; after his death there was 
another Act of Assembly past giveing £500 of that sum 
to Coll Ingoldsby the then Lieu* Govern' £100 forcon- 
tingencys, and £200 only to the Lady Lovelace. I sup- 
pose by this time both these acts are laid before her 
Ma<> and I make no doubt of her Ma* 8 approving the 
first and disapproving the latter, but the difficulty will 
betogett back the money. Coll. Ingoldsby havemg 
already toucht it and his necessitous eirumstances will 
hardly allow him to refund, as I am Inform'd. 1 wan- 
ner Ma tys orders in that matter and shall do all my best 
to procure that Lady justice, and in every thing to act 
for her Ma tya service, which on many acc ,s ought to be 



1710] 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HfN'TER. 



ii 



the whole businesse of my life, and beg your Lordship 
to believe that 1 am with the greatest gratitude and 
deepest regard, 

My Lord Your Lo ps most faithfull 

and most humble SerV 




I wrote at large by the Kingsdale: this comes by the 
Maidstone. — 



Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade — respecting an 
intended meeting of the New Jersey Assembly. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V, p. 170.1 

To the Right Hon ble the Lords Commissioners 
of Trade and Plantations. 

[Extract.] 
My Lords 

The Assembly in the Jerseys is to meet at Burling- 
ton the 14 1 ' 1 of November next, where I foresee more 
difficulties, if possible, then I have mett with here, the 
Council were divided about the place of meeting, one 



1 Robert Hunter was the first of the royal Governors of New Jersey, who re- 
garded the province with sufficient favor to secure upon its soil anything like a 
permanent home. He had a comfortable dwelling at Perth Amboy, commanding 
a fine view of the harbor and ocean beyond, which he made his official residence 
when on tours of duty in New Jersey, and at other rimes when seeking recreate m or 
relief from the pressure of his administration of New York affairs. He was born in 
Scotland, and at first was apprenticed to an apothecary, but subsequently entered 
the army, and in 1707 bore the title of Colonel. In that year he was appointed 
Lieutenant Governor of Virginia through the influence of Addison, then Under Sec- 
tary of State, who with Swift, Steele and other literary and distinguished men ol 
that day, were his personal friends and associates. He did not reach Virginia, 
being captured by the French and detained a prisoner in Paris for some months. 
Addison still continuing one of the Secretaries of State, Hunter, in September, 
1709, was appointed Governor of New York and New Jersey, and arrived at New 
York, June 14th, 1710. and commenced an administration more successful than any 



12 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1710 

party insisting upon the Act past last Assembly (which 
is not vet returned with her Majesty's Approbation or 
dissent) in their meeting for the future at Burlington, 
The other, on the Instruction for their meeting alter- 
nately at Burlington and Amboy, I proposed that in 
regard to the season there being hardly any house at 
the place called Amboy, they should meet pro hac vice 
at Burlington and in case her Majesty should think 
fit to disapprove of that Act, that Sessions to be made 
good to Amboy by the two next insuing which was 

accordingly agreed to. 

****** 

I beg leave to subscribe myself, My Lords, 
Your Lordships most humble and 
obedient Servant 

Eo: Hunter. 
(Supposed [N. York] Oct: 3 d 1710.) 



which had preceded it, and which in substantial benefit to the Province no one ex- 

Ce Tntre were many discordant elements at work in the Province, and the majority 
of the Council were opposed to the measures which the Governor was deposed to 
favor as being called for by the public generally. He adopted the views of 
Lewis Morris, Dr. John Johnstone and others, including theQ-iaker interest, known 
as the " Country party," and necessarily brought upon himself the opposition of all 
those who had been countenanced and sustained by Lord Cornbury, leadmg to his 
askintr in May 1711, for tfle dismissal of Pinborne, Coxe, Sonmans and Hall, who 
represented that faction in the Council. The documents that follow show the many 
and varied difficulties Hunter had to encounter. 

In addition to his property at Perth Amboy he purchased in 1,10 Mattenecunk 
Island in the Delaware, near Burlington, retaining possession of it for sev- 
eral years after he left the Province, and at one time was anxious to secure a tract 
of land at Iuians Ferry, now New Brunswick. 

While in the army he married Lady Hay, the relict of Lord John Hay, and daugh- 
ter of Sir Thomas Orby, Bart., and had several children. Mrs. Hunter came to 
America with the Governor, but died in August, 1716; and his own health failing, he 
left his governments In 1719 never to return. On his arrival in England he effected 
an exchange with William Burnet, taking an office in the Customs then held by that 
gentleman and resigning his position in America. In 1727 he was appointed Gov- 
ernor of Jamaica. His interest in New Jersey was not lessened by absence, nor did 
distance estrange him from the many friends he had here secured by his intelligence, 
ability and many gentlemanly characteristics. He retained his interest in a con- 
siderable quantity of land, and an active correspondence was kept up with James 
Alexander and others. He died in 1734 leaving one son and three daughters, one of 
the latter being married to William Sloper, who at one time was Secretary to Lord 
Cornbury.-History of Perth Amboy and Surrounding Country-New York Colonial 
Documents- Swift's Works. Rutherfurd MSS.-Ed. 



1710] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 13 



Letter from. John Barclay— relative to preparations for 

tlte accommodation of Governor Hunter. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS. in office of Secretary of State, Albany, Vol. LIV, p. 90.] 

Per: Amb. 9 br 1 st 1710. 
Dear S r 

The inclosed is an answere to yours, you sent by me 
to The Rever nd M' Talbutt whom I overtooke before he 
gott to Burlington, and I went with him to view M r 
Tathams house at the Poynt, where his Excellencie 
may have the use of six Roomes 3 In the Lower Story 
& 3 above. All in pretty good repaire besides a kitchen 
In the sellar & a Pantry with dressers and shelves 
which is under Lock & Key as Also a small sellar 
which will secure what Liquors may be putt In it 
Mr. Trent happened to be at Burlington when I was 
there who told me he had good wine of his owne who 
has promised to send a Pipe of the best he can buye 
for his Excellencie I have spoke also for Hay & Oates, 
and gott the promise of a Load of Clover grass for the 
Horses, there is Also A very good stable and I have 
spoke for ffirewood. 

M r Gardner has promised to lend his Excellencie a 
large table and a dozen of chaires there is a small 
table or 2 & a Chest of drawers, In the house to- 
gether with 2 bedsteads standing with curtains & two 
bedds & bolsters All belonging to Mr Tatham I sup- 
pose his Excellencie will send some Household furni- 
ture before he Comes himself with some of his ser- 
vants to take care of it and whoever goes may apply 
themselves to M r Robert Wheeler Mev'V In Burling- 
ton Mr Talbotts Landlord where they will find the 
keyes of the house he will be Assistant to procure what 
shall be needfull to be gott ready Against his Excel- 
lencie comes himselfe, I suppose that you have heard 
that Mr. Bass has gott himselfe chosen for one of the 



14 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1710 

Representatives of Burlington which was done by A 
trick as I was credibly Informed the people not have- 
ing Legall warning of the time of the Election And 
those that had the cheeffe hand In buying him have 
a Designe of getting one Charles Cose to be Clerk to 
the CounciU as a Deputy who was some time agoe a 
servant to Coll. Coxe. I am also Informed that Coll. 
Coxe has lately expressed himselfe very maliciously 
Against me telling how severely I ought to be dealt 
with & showing the Evidences they have taken against 
me so that if he & W Sonmans [?] * * * of my 
Judge at the next Supream Court I must expect to be 
prosecuted as iff I had done what they accuse off out of 
designe & for a reward therefore I begg you to use all 
the means you cann that if its possible I may not be 
so violently prosecuted as one should be that had been 
guiltieof an ill thing on purpose I think you told me 
you thought the Cheeffe Justice would not be severe 
upon me so I leve it to your self e to mention me to him 
or gett any one Else to do it as you see cause or if you 
think it convenient for me to confess the matter of 
fact so as I really was ledd Into it & what advice you 
can give me In this unfortunate affaire I wish you 
could send it me either in writing or by word of Mouth 
by W- Raygneere, who is my friend so being unwilling 
to trouble you any further with my Humble Duty to 
his Excellency & humble service to yourself e 
I remain e 

Your very Humble servant 
John Barclay. 

Capt: Hamiltons Mother gives her Duty to his Ex- 
cellence cv says she is sorry she cannot lend him any- 
thing at present haveing sent most of her Household 
ffurniture to New- York Intending to move there. 



1710] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 15 



Statement under oath, respecting the conduct of Peter 
Sonmans <ii TVoodbridge. 

(From N. Y. CoL 31SS. in office of Secretary of State af Albany, Vol. IJV, p 01.1 

Memorandom that on the first day of November 
Anno: Dom 1710. George Willoks Thomas Farmer 
John Rudyards John Johnson Junior and John Bar- 
clay came before me Thomas Gordon Esq, one of Hoi- 
Majesties CounciU for the Province of New Jersey, 
and did solemnly swear upon the Holy Evangelists of 
Almighty God, That being yesterday at Woodbridge 
at a meeting of the Freeholders of this Countie of 
Middlxe: appoynted for Electing of Two Representa- 
tives for said Countie to serve in the General Assem- 
bly of said Province at Burlington the Fourteenth of 
November Instant they the said deponents & Every 
of them did hear Peter Sonmans Esq. speak publickly 
amongst All the people In the time of the Election 
We will not go to North Brittain for Justice No Turk- 
ish Government, no French Government, Liberty and 
Property, Capt Farmer answered that he taxed the 
Queens prudence, (or words to that Effect i who was 
pleased to Appoynt a North Brittian Governour. he 
after said with a Lond voyce, Xo Turkish Govern- 
ment No French Government, No Arbitrary Govern- 
ment &c: then turned about and clapt his hand upon 
his breach and made a great noise And the said Son- 
mans upon some words that passed between him and 
Mathew Moore, Commanded the Sheriffe (when on 
horse back at the time of the Election) to take s" 
Mathew Moore Into custody and very much disturbed 
the Election and as the Deponents firmly beleeve En- 
deavored by Virtue of his Authority to overawe and 
terrify the Electors. 

Jedediah Higains swears also to what is a Wove writ- 



16 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1710 

ten excepting only these words (clapping his hands on 
his breach) and they further say not. 

9V 1 2 d Anno, Dom 1710. 
John Barclay Jedediah Higgins John Pike 
George Willocks Tho: Farmer Jn° Rudyard 

John Johnson Jun. 

John Pike being also sworne deposeth to the truth 
of what is above written excepting clapping his hands 
on his breach. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade 
— about the place of meeting of the New Jersey 
Assembly. 

[From the X. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V, p. 177. 

To the Right Hon ble the Lords Commissioners 
of Trade and Plantations. 

[Extract.] 

My Lords 

The slow measures of this Assembly 1 have obliged 
me to adjourn that of the Jerseys to the first of Decem- 
ber next, which should have met this day. 

I acquainted Your Lordships in mine by the Dept- 
ford of the expedient I found to end the dispute about 
the place of meeting of that Assembly If your Lord- 
ships think it for her .Majesty's Interest that there 
should be one Assembly for the two Provinces, I be- 
leive Her Majesty's approbation of the Act past 
in Colonel Ingoldesby's time for that Assembly's 
meeting constantly al Burlington for the future, it 



Of New Fork. 



1710] ADMINISTKATION 0! GOVERXOK HUNTER. IV 

would be an inducement for the Majority of the Pro- 
prietors and inhabitants to address for such an Union. 

Your Lordships' most obedient 

and most humble Servant 
[New York] Ro: Hunter. 

Nov r 14 th 1710 



Address from New Jersey Council to Governor Hunter. 

IFroni P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. I, C. 95.1 

To his Excellency Rob 1 Hunter Esq r Cap* 11 Gen- 
eral! & Governo 1 : in Chief in & over the 
province of New Jersey &c a . 
The humble Address of the Members of her 
Maj ties Council for the province of New Jer- 
sey whose names are hereunto Subscribed. 1 

May if please To' Exce 1 ? 

The Law of Heaven as well as that of Nature re- 
quires y e Support of Grovernm- the necessity whereof, 
hath been allowed in all ages <fc our own Experience 
hath let us see how useful! it is to maintain the Hon' 
and Dignity of the Crown, in ord- to the preservation 
of the Libertyes and propertyes of the Subjects of all 
Nations in the Universe Wee have reason to Esteem 
ourselves the most happy in being Subjects to the 
Queen of Great Brittain the best of Princes, and under 
the Wisest Constitution of Government in the world. 
not to be mended by humane Invention. Wee there- 
fore Deem our Selves in Conscience bound as far as in 



'The copy for the Lords of Trade did uot reach them until March 81st, (711, bav 
ing beer, forwarded to Portugal. — Ed. 



IS ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR 111 NTKK. [1710 

us Lyes in Our Several! Stations to use Our Endeav- 
ours to preserve the Prerogative from Lycensious In- 
croachments as the Rights & Liberty es of the Subject 
from open violation 

That all Just Debts of the Governing be cluely satis- 
fied, that Courts of Judicature be thoroughly estab- 
lished that fitt and proper Officers be appointed in Each 
County. That convenient Jayles for the Security of 
Debtors & Crimenalls be Erected and that there be a 
Steady Equall & Impartiall Distribution of Justice to 
all men are the true & reall Sentiments of our Souls 
And lias been our Utmost Aime & constant Practice 
and amidst the Confusions & disorders of this Collony 
Since Wee have been Stil'd & treated as a party. 

With all humility think it necessary to Acquaint 
Yo 1 Excel that this is the Party & the only party wee 
have 'ver been of And from w c !' wee can see no reason 
to recede But thiuke the Duty of Our trusts & tye of 
our Oaths required these things which wee Suppose to 
be agreable to the reason and Justice of Mankind to 
the hon'. of the Crown & the quiet & prosperity of 
the Province. 

The Noble Character we rec d of Yo 1 .' Excel Loyalty 
Justice & Great Abilityes before wee had the hon? of 
seeing you assured us of all Imaginable Countenance 
& Support in these our just Endeavo 18 And Since 
Justice is thereby & Surest foundation of Governm* & 
the Strongest Ligament to sement the minds of men 
in peace & Union Wee could not but rejoyce to hear 
that worthy expression of YoV Exc? at yo r first arrivall 
in this Province that Justice should be impartially ad- 
ministered & that there should be no Determination of 
any mans property but by Legall proceedings in the 
ordinary Courts of Judicature w c ." has since been con- 
firmed to us by Yo r Exce ys Speech at the opening of 
this present Assembly. 

Wee heartily pray for Yo 1 .' Excels happyness and 



1711] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR Ill'XTKi;. I'.l 

prosperity and shall Sincerely as in Duty bound use 
reall Endeavours to Support the honnour of y" G-ov- 
ernm* and the preservation of the peace & wellfare of 
this province and Yo-" Excel- 'f Administration 

W" Pinhorne 
Rich" Townly 
Dan l Coxe. 
[January 1710-11] Roger Mompesson 

Peter Sonmans 
Hugh Huddy — 
William Hall 
Rob?' Quary — 
[These Eight above are the Gentlemen of the Coun- 
cil that opposes his Excel y in Every thing who sets u j i 
for the true friends of the L d C. [Cornbury.J ]' 



Minutes of House of Assembly of Neiv Jersey. 

LFroin P. B. O. B. T.. New Jersey, Vol. I. C. 95.] 

Die Martie 9 ho A:M: 2 d January 1710 [1710-11.] 

The Engrossed Bills Entituled an Act for Regulating 
& appointing Fees of the Severall Officers & Practi- 
tioners of the Law in all Courts of this Province of 
New Jersey, And the bill Entituled an Act for R< fil- 
iating the Practice of the Law being Read the I bird 
time were agreed to by the House & ordered to be sen! 
up to the Council! for their Concurrence 

The House according to ord 1 Resolved into a Com- 
mittee of the whole House to consider further of the 
papers Layd before this H" by his Excels alter some 
time spent therein M r Speaker resinned the Chair & 
Doctor Johnston Reported from the s d Committee 



1 By whom the lines in brackets were added is not stated.— En. 



20 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. \\<W 



That the 43" Article of her Maf? 8 Instructions being 
read Requireing an Act to be past for Settling the 
Properties & possessions of all Persons concerned in 
this Province they do think it to be a matter of the 
greatest concern for the quieting of the minds of the 
People & making the People happy bu1 do think it 
will be to no purpose to spend time about such a bill 
seeing the Council! has put them out of all hopes of 
having any such Act to pass. 

Doctor Johnston also Reported from the s" Commit- 
mittee that the sixtieth Article of her Maj ties Instruc- 
tions beingread requiring An Act to be past for those 
people thai make a Religious Scruple of Swearing to 
the like Effect of that past in the 7'" & 8 th of K W" 1 the 
third in England so far as may be consistent with good 
ord 1 & Governm? that the ho[use] have already sent 
up such an Act to the CounciU for their Concurrence 
as near to the like Effect as the Circumstance of this 
Collony will admit of which the Councill rejected with- 
out committing the Same. 

And further that the 94 t > Article of her Ma fr In- 
structions being read requiring An Act to be past As- 
certaining y e Qualifications of Jurors that the same 
was included in the Act Entit an Act for ascer- 
taining the Quallincac'ons of Jurors cv Enabling the 
people called Quakers to serve on them &c? which the 
Councill rejected without Committing the same as is 
Reported before to the 60 th Article And that he was 
directed to move that they might have leave to Sit 

again &c* 

January ?» d A Committee was appointed to prepare & 
bring in a bill to relieve Persons agrieved by an Act 
Entit An Act for Settling the Militia of this province 
past in the 3 d year of her Maj ties Reign. 

The Engrossed bills Entituled An Act for Prevent- 
ing Corruption in Courts of Justice And the Bill Entit 
An Act for the better Settling and Regulating the 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOB EUNTER. 21 

Offices of the Sec'ry & Clarke of the Supream Couri 
were sent up to the Council for Concurrence. 

The House haveing been Creadably inform'd y' An 
Address was sent to her Maj 1 '' signed by the Councill 
in the year 1709 which Address the H" conceives to be 
in the Minutes of Councill Orders that Doct r Johnston 
& M r Fretwell attend upon his ExcelP & requesl a 
perusall of the Minutes of Councel relateing to the 
Expedition against Canada and get a Copy of s Ad- 
dress & lay before this H? which message they per 
formed, And M- Sec'y brought a message from his 
Excel? that he was Commanded from his Excel-to 
show to the h" of Representatives such minutes of 
Council as related to the passing of Laws during the 
Administra°" of Coll Ingoldsby but the Council does 
not consent to the showing the Address or Represen- 
tation. 

January 4 r " The Engrossed bill Entit An Act for 
Relieving the Creditors of Persons that are or shall 
hereafter become Bankrupts in the Kingdom of Great 
Brittain was sent up to the Councill for their concur 
rence. 

Ordered that An Act be prepared and brought in to 
prevent comenceing Actions und' £10 in the Supream 
Court & removeing the Same from the County ( 'ourts 
of Common Pleas. 

January the .V" An Act for Regulating Elections & 
ascertaining the Qualifications of Representatives of 
this province was read the first time. 

The H° according toord? Resolved into a Committee 
Of the whole H° to consider further of the Support of 
Covernm 1 after some time spent therein the Speaker 
resumed the Chair & Doctor Johnston reported from 
s. d Committee that they had come to severall resolves 
w: they had directed him to report to the B? which 
are as followeth Viz- 
Resolved that five hundred pounds' Proclamacon 
uioiiv be raised for bis Excel 5 ' 8 Salary a Year. 



'.''J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

Eesolved that One hundred Pounds Proclamation 
Mony be raised for his h.° Rent fire Candle Expenses 
&c a a Year 

£ 

Resolved &c? For the Chief Justice - 100 

For the Treasurer - 40 

For the Clerk of the Councel 35 

For the Clark of the Assembly - 15 

For the Doorkeeper to the Council 10 

For the Doarkeeper to y? Assembly 1 2 

For the Serj? At Arms - V2 

For the Auditor Generall 1< » 

For the Printer - - 30 

Resolved that the above Support of Government be 

for two years provided Coll Hunter continue so long 

Governo-' &c? 

Ordered that the H" Resolve itself into a Committee 
of the Whole H° on Monday next to consider further 
of y e support of Governm 1 &c a 

The Above is an Abstract the above four days pro- 
ceedings of the Assembly. 

Burlington Jan ry 6*? 1 Tin [11]. 



Extract from Minutes of the New Jersey Assembly, 
Jan nary, L711 — expelling Major William Sand- 
ford. 

[From Smith's History of New Jersey, p. 374.] 

A copy of a paper entitled 

The humble address of the lieutenant governor and 
council of Nova Coesarea or New Jersey, in America, 
to the Queen's mast excellent majesty: signed by Rich- 
ard Tngoldsby, William Pinhorne, Roger Mompesson, 
Thomas Revell, Daniel Leeds, Daniel Coxe, Richard 
Tounley, William Sandford and Hubert Quary in the 



.1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOB III NTF.K. •.':'. 

year 1707, was read in the house; and being taken into 
consideration, the question was put, whether the said 
humble address (as it is called) of the lieutenant go'v 
ernor and council to the queen's most excellent maj- 
esty, be a false and scandalous representation ol the 
representative body of this province in the present and 
former assemblies, or not it was carried in the affirm 
ative. A motion being made, and the question being 
put, whether this house do address her majesty for 
the justification of the proceedings of the representa- 
tive body of this province, in the present or former 
assemblies or not* it was carried in the affirmative. 

A motion being made, and the question being put 
whether any person that has signed the above men- 
eioned false and scandalous representation of the rep- 
resentative body of this province, be a fit member to 
sit in this house, or not;! it was carried in the negative. 

Major Sandford,' one of the members of this house, 
having acknowledged that he signed the above men- 
tioned address to her majesty, was asked if he would 
acknowledge his fault to this house for the same? his 
answer was, he signed it as he was one of her majesty's 
council, and was only accountable to her majesty for 
the same; wherefore the question was put, whether 
Major Sandford be expelled from this house for the 
same or not. 

Ordered that Major Sandford be expelled from this 
house, for signing a false and scandalous paper, called 
the humble address of the lieutenant governor and 
council to her majesty, in the year 1T<>T, and be is ex- 
pelled this house accordingly. 



• For a notice of Major Sandford see Vol. H. p. 314— and East Jersey under the 
Proprietors, Second Edition, p. 110.— Ed. 



24 A D5I] N [STB \ 1 'Ion OF GOVERKOR HUNTER. [1*11 



The Representation of the General Assembly of New 
Jersey to Governor Hunter— relating to the Ad- 
ministration of Governor < 'ornbury. 

.As printed iu Smith's N''« Jersey, p. •'iTO. Original in P. R. O. B. T.. N. Y.. 

vol. n, T). ii.i 

The humble representation of the general as- 
sembly of h^v majesty's province of New- 
Jersey. 

To his excellency Robert Hunter, Esq; captain 
general and governor in chief of the prov- 
inces of New Jersey and New- York in 
America, and vice-admiral of the same. &c. 

May it please your excellency, 

When the lord Lovelace was pleased to let the rep- 
resentative body of this province know, that her maj- 
esty desired to be informed of the causes of the differ- 
ences between the gentlemen of the council and them: 
aothing could be more satisfactory; because they en- 
tirely depended, that a person of so much justice and 
veracity, would put things in their true light; and had 
he lived long enough to have complied with her maj- 
esty's commands, we had not now been under the ne- 
cessity of laying the following representation before 
your excellency. 

We are very sorry we have so much reason to say 
it was lately our misfortune to be governed by the lord 
Combury, who treated her majesty's subjects here not 
as freemen who were to be governed by laws, but as 
slaves, of whose persons ami estates he had the sole 
power of disposing. Oppression and injustice reigned 
everywhere in this poor, and then miserable colony; 
and it was criminal to complain or seem any way sen- 



1"!1| ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 25 

sible of these hardships we then suffered; and whal 
ever attempts were made for our relief, not only 
proved ineffectual, but was termed insolence, and flying 
in the face of authority: The most violent and im- 
prudent stretches of arbitrary power, were stamped 
with the great name of the queen's prerogative royal; 
and the instruments and strenous assertors of that 
tyranny, were the only persons, who in his esteem and 
their own. were for supporting her majesty's govern- 
ment: Bribery, extortion and acontempt of laws, both 
human and divine, where the fashionable vices of thai 
time; encouraged by his countenance, but more by his 
example; and those who could most daringly and with 
most dexterity trample upon our liberties, had the 
greatest share both in the government of this province 
and his favour: This usage we bore with patience a 
great while, believing, that the measures he took pro- 
ceeded rather from want of information or an erroneous 
judgment, than the depravity of his nature; but re- 
peated instances soon convinced ns of our mistaken 
notions; and that he was capable of the meanest things, 
and had sacrificed his own reputation, the laws, and 
our liberties, to his avarice: No means were left unes- 
sayed, that gave hopes of gratifying that sordid passion. 
The country was filled with prosecutions by informa- 
tions of the attorney general, contrary to law: Those 
of her majesty's subjects who are called Quakers, were 
severely harrassed, under pretence of refusing obedi- 
ence to an act of assembly for settling the militia of 
this province, when neither the letter nor meaning of 
that act justified the severities used on that account; 
tlie measures that were then taken, being chiefly such 
as the implacable malice of their adversaries suggested : 
The rights of the general proprietors, which upon the 
surrender of the government, were promised to he pre- 
served inviolable to them, and which her majesty, by 
her instructions, had taken all possible caretodo, were 



26 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

by him invaded in a very high degree; their papers and 
registers, being the evidences they had to prove their 
titles to their lands and rents, violently and arbitra- 
rily forced from them, and they inhibited from selling 
or disposing of those" lands; by which means their 
titles were made precarious, the value of lands through 
the whole province fell very much, and a great stop 
was put to the settlement and improvement of it: To 
be short, all ranks and conditions of men grossly 
abused, and no corner of the country without com- 
plaints of the hardships they suffered from the exer- 
cise of a despotick and mistaken power: An adminis- 
tration so corrupt, so full of tyranny and oppression 
in all its parts, induced the assembly to have a regard 
to the cries of that unhappy country they represented, 
and to endeavour (if possible) some redress, and ac- 
cordingly, in a most humble manner, remonstrated to 
his lordship their grievances; who was of opinion, 
their remonstrance lay open to a very ready answer; 
but that he might give them no occasion to say he had 
done it with heat and passion, he took some few days 
to do it; but with what coolness and temper it was 
done, those who have seen it can judge; they both He 
before your excellency (No. 1 and 2.) Sometime after 
the assembly were adjourned; and when we met 
again, made a reply to that answer; which reply (No. 
3.) lies before your excellency ; but neither the one nor 
the other procured the desired effects; on the contrary, 
the number of our grievances were increased, some of 
the most considerable of our inhabitants deserted the 
province, and many of those that remained thought 
themselves unsafe in it; the only hopes they had, was 
the arrival of the lord Lovelace, which supported their 
sinking spirits, and gave them an expectation of better 
days. 

Upon the first sitting of the assembly, after his ar- 
rival, he communicated to them a paper, called, The 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. %"\ 

address of the lieutenant governor and conned of New 
Jersey. It was no surprize to us, to find any thing in- 
decent or virulent proceeding from such men; but it was 
with some concern, we beheld what endeavours they 
had used, to render her most gracious majesty dis- 
affected with her honest and loyal subjects here, by 
accusations which were not only false, but what they 
knew to be so, at the time of their writing of them, 
and which we had made appear to be so, had they not 
used evasions and shifts to avoid coming to the test, 
in the time of lord Lovelace, and while the assembly 
was sitting; then they seemed to be for reconciling 
matters, and burying every thing in oblivion, in hopes 
their own deeds of darkness might partake of the same 
covering; and hoped the sweetness of that noble lord's 
temper, and inclinations to peace, might secure them 
lit >m that examine which was necessary to expose them 
in their true colours; and how much on that occasion 
they fawned and flattered, appears by an address of 
theirs to him, which for the peculiarity of the lan- 
guage (and we might say the unintelligibleness of the 
terms) ought never to be forgotten: It begins thus, 
Your lordship has not one virtue or more, but a com- 
plete accomplishment of all perfections, &c. and at 
the same time they were deifying him (if such an ad- 
dress could do it) they were were caballing and artic- 
ling against him, triumph'd in his death, and have 
barbarously treated his memory; and notvvithanding 
the laws of heaven and nature, (as they are pleased to 
express themselves) and all the fine things they say of 
you, added to the justness of your administration, 
they'll give you the same treatment when they can; 
the knowledge we have of their practices, has made us 
trespass a little longer on your excellency's patience 
than we at first designed: But to return to the address: 
we believe the gentlemen of the council have trans- 
mitted something to one of her majesty's secretaries 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

of state, which they called proofs, and with all the 
secrecy they could, hoping it may obtain at that dis- 
tance especially when backed by some whose interest 
it is, that all they have said be credited: To prevent 
the ill consequences that may attend the belief of what 
they have said, or indeed can say, we shall endeavour 
to prove every article of the said address false; and 
the subscribers knew several of them to be so at the 
time of their signing; what we say is publick, not car- 
Lied on in darkness, to prevent that reply, which the 
gentlemen concerned to justify themselves, and upon 
the spot, may make if they can. 

We begin with the title of the address; which is 
The humble address of the lieutenant governor and 
council of Nova-CcesaHa, or New Jersey in America. 
This carries a falshood in the very front of it; for it 
was no act of council; but signed by some in the west- 
ern, and by others in the eastern division of New Jer- 
sey, by one or two in New- York, at different times, 
being privately carried about by a messenger of my 
Lord Cornbury's; and some were raised out of their 
beds to sign it: it never pass'd the council: was never 
minuted in the council books, and the lieutenant gov- 
ernor has several times protested he signed it without 
ever reading it: The gentlemen of the council cannot 
deny the truth of this: if they do. we can prove it: 
hut 'to justify themselves they say, it was signed by the 
lieutenant governor and the gentlemen of the council. 
though not in council; So that it's plain, they designed 
to abuse the queen, by giving it the stile of an act of 
council, which her majesty and everybody that reads 
it would take to be so, when they knew in their con- 
sciences it was not so: but that their malice or servile 
(cars induced them to sign it, and may not improperly 
be called, forging an act of council; it's apparent that 
Roger Mompesson, esq; signed it by himself: that it 
was brought to him as an act of council, and that as 



1111] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. '."•'• 

such he thought himself obliged to sign it, as by his 
reasons for signing it appears; which reasons could 
have had no weight, had he not understood it to he so; 
for he owns he never examined into the particulars 
of it. 

The first article is. We the lieutenant governor and 
council of her majesty's province of Nova-i. 'aisaria or 
New Jersey, having seriously and deliberately takt n 
into consideration the proceedings of the present as- 
sembly or representative body of this province, thought 
our selves bound, both in duty and conscience, to testi- 
fy to your majesty our dislike and abhorrence of the 
some. This is true, if signing any thing without read- 
ing or examining into the particulars of it, and by 
some between sleeping and waking, be arguments of 
seriousness and deliberation, otherwise not; except by 
the words seriously and deliberately, be meant, their 
resolutions on all occasions to do what the lord Corn 
bury commanded them: as indeed their signing this 
address, and their conduct in every other thing, did 
but too plainly evince, to be the only seriousness and 
( 1 el i Iteration they were capable of: When col. Quarry 
sign'd that address, we believe he was misled, and 
depended too much on the credit of others; we musl 
do him the justice to own, that he has of late declined 
joining with them in many of their hot and rash 
methods, and behaves himself at present like a man 
of temper, who intends the service of the queen and 
good of the country. These addressers tell her majes- 
ty, that they were in duty and conscience bound to 
testify their dislike <<n<1 abhorrence ofthesaiue to her: 
Had they abhorred falsehood, and discharged then- 
duty as in conscience they were bound to do, in refus- 
ing to join with the lord Cornbury, in all his arbitrary 
and unjust measures, and particularly in that scanda 
lous address (pardon the expressions) the countr} 
would not have had that just cause to complain, as 



• Ill ADMINISTKA I I<>\" OF GOVERNOR EUNTER. [171] 

now they have, and in probability always will, while 
they continue in their present stations: There were no 
proceedings in that assembty that any honest man had 
reason to dislike; and their endeavours for the good of 
the country, deserve the highest praise, and ought 
never to be forgotten by New-Jersey. 

The second article is, That the unaccountable hu- 
mours and pernicious designs of some particular men 
have put them upon so main/ irregularities, with in- 
tention only to occasion divisions and distractions, to 
the great and weight// affairs which her majesty's hon- 
our and dignity, and the peace and welfare of the 
country required: The so many irregularities are, we 
suppose, what the lord Cornbury mentioned in his 
answer to their remonstrance; which that house re- 
plied to; as may be seen in their reply (No. 3.) and 
whether they were irregularities or no, the world can 
judge; but be they what they will, the addressors are 
never able to prove, that the unaccountable humours 
of some particular men put them upon them; they 
may indeed boldly say they did, and if that will do, 
they may say again, that it was with intention to occa- 
sion divisions, &c. but that neither proves, that any 
particular men influenced that assembly, nor that the 
intentions of doing so. where as they say: that being 
impossible for them to know; and if we may be al- 
lowed to know the intentions of that assembly, they 
were otherwise than what the addressors represent 
t hem to have been. 

The 3d article was. That ice had highly incroached 
upon her majesty's prerogative royal. 

The 4th, That we had notorious/// violated the rights 
and liberties of the subject. 

The 5th, That we had manifested interrupted jus- 
tice. 

These three articles are what the lord Cornbury in 
his answer to the remonstrance, charges that assembly 



I '. 1 1 I A DM IX IS! i; ATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. :!i 

with, which are fully answered in the aforesaid reply, 
and proved to be false charges; and this the addressors 
knew when they signed the address, if ever they read 
the reply or address (which is very much to be ques- 
tioned) and we believe, if the truth were known, not- 
withstanding their pretensi. >ns to seriousness and delib- 
eration, they had little more hand in it than setting 
their hands to it as we shall endeavour to evince: It is 
undeniably true, that it was signed at different times 
and different places; it then must be true, that it was 
brought ready drawn to the signers, and its very prob- 
able that they did not read it, certainly not with any 
consideration: The lieutenant governor, as we ob- 
served before, has owned he did not, and the late chief 
justice, Roger Mompesson, Esq; a man as likely to 
read and consider as any of them, owns under his own 
hand, he never did examine the particulars of it; 
which is, in other words, owning he did not read it; 
and its not very likely the rest should: These three 
articles are the very words used by the lord Cornbury 
in his answer: the whole address sems to bean abridg- 
ment of that answer, several sentences the same, the 
stile the same, and the same vein of intemperance and 
ill nature through them both; and in all likelihood 
done by his lordship, who made the addressers father 
whatever his lordship was ashamed to own. 

The 6th article is. That the remonstrance was a m<>sl 
scandalous libel. 

The 7th, That the Lord Con/bury made <i full and 
ample answer to it. 

The 8th, That the reply of the house of representa- 
tives of the province of New-Jersey, was a scandalous 
and infamous libel; and they add on that head, this 
lust libel came on! s<> suddenly, that tin// had not time 
as yet, to answer it in all its particulars. 

Certainly it is impossible, that ever men in their 
right wits, after reading such an address, should sign 



32 A.DMIBUSTRATIOS OF GOVERKOB FIUNTKU. [17U 

if Was it ever known, that any book or paper wrote 
by a house of commons, was called a libel and a most 
scandalous and infamous libel? If the gentlemen had 
intended to shew their talents of railing and abusive 
language; they could hardly have taken a more effec- 
tual way. than by that address, which if it prove noth- 
ing else, proves them to be very much masters of 
those qualifications: but we cannot be of opinion, that 
their calling the remonstrance or reply a libel, proves 
them to be so; nor had they any reason to expect it 
would be taken by her majesty, for anything more 
than a demonstration of their want of temper; for it 
those two papers were libels, then the house ot repre- 
sentatives might have been punished for them, or at 
least prosecuted; and if so, any vote, resolve, address 
or remonstrance that they made, or any other house 
of representatives (the authors of them) to the same 
inconveniency, whenever the gentlemen of the council 
were pleased to call them so: This is so contrary to the 
known practice of England, to the laws, to the rights 
and privileges of the house, that it is a needless labour 
to prove, either that the gentlemen never read what 
they signed, or knew what they signed to be false at 
the time of their signing it: But to say a little more, 
the remonstrance and reply are so far from being false 
that they are most true: Several of the facts are owned 
by the lord Cornbury, and where he either evades or 
denies the.n. they are made oui in the reply: His 
bribery was proved by a cloud of evidences m the 
house; and whatever else is charged upon him, he 
knew to be tin.': and it is neither in the power of ins 
full and ample answer, nor even of the address itself, 
t(( persuade the contrary: The assembly say indeed in 
then remonstrance, Had the affairs of New- 1 ork ad- 
mitted Ms Ionising oftener to attend those oj New-Jer- 
sey he had not then been unacquainted with their griev- 
ances; and that they "-ere inclined to believe they could 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF G-OVERNOR HUNTER. 33 

not have grown to so great a number. This, perhaps, 
may be one of the falsehoods the addressors mean; and 
truly it ought to he acknowledged, that the then as- 
sembly had no reason to believe his lordship's presence 
in this province would have any other effect, than the 
increasing, instead of diminishing their grievances; 
but when the addressors say, that the reply came so 
suddenly out, that as yet, they had not time to answer 
it in all its particulars: They seem to imply, that 
they had answered it in some of them; which has not 
been done, no, not as yet, though it has been out 
above three years: And, its coming out so suddenly, 
&c. is a great mistake, to say no worse of it; for it 
had been out about six months before their address 
was signed: This is another proof that they never 
read the address before they signed it; or if they did, 
that they knew what they signed to was false, at the 
time of their signing. 

The 9th article is, That these disturbances are owing 
wholly to inc. Lewis Morris and Samuel Jenings, men 
of turbulent, factious, uneasy and disloyal principles 
men notoriously known to be uneasy under all govern- 
ment, and men never known to be consistent with them- 
selves. 

The 10th article is, That to these, men are owing all 
the factions and confusions in the governments oj 
New-Jersey and Pennsylvania. 

These articles are not only the stile of the iordCorn- 
bury's answer to the remonstrance; but for the most 
part the very words. If mr. Morris, and mr. Jenings 
were such men as the addressors say they are, viz. 
turbulent and factions, uneasy under all governments, 
and the causers of the factions and confusions of New- 
Jersey and Pennsylvania; then certainly to continue 
thus turbulent, &c. evinced they were not inconsistent 
with themselves, but constantly pursued the same 
measures: This was an expression the lord Corn bury 
3 



34 'administration of governor hunter. ]1711 

was very fond of, and very much used, and the adres- 
sors here have been but the parrots of his thoughts; 
and all they have said of these gentlemen (one of 
whom is in his grave, x'va. Mr. Jenings) is a notorious 
abuse; for whatever was done by the assembly (if it's 
their proceedures they call disturbances) was not done 
either by the influence of Mr. Morris or Mr. Jenings, 
but from a just sense of their duty, in discharge of the 
trust reposed in them by the country, and to prevent 
the ill effects of an arbitrary and unjust use of power, 
by the lord Cornbury, so much encouraged by the 
slavish compliances of the addressors, men never 
known to be inconsistent with themselves, nor we fear 
never will. 

We should not trouble your excellency longer on 
this head, did we not know this is an article which the 
addressors think they can justify, and which they sup- 
pose will prove a sufficient defence for all they have 
said; therefore, to put this matter in some measure 
out of dispute, we say, in the first place, that should 
they be able to prove what they say in that article, yet 
it would not justify their other accusations, nor the 
severe reflections the} r have unjustly made on the rep- 
resentative body of this province; 2dly, It plainly ap- 
pears by the journals of the house, that the assembly 
insisted on the same things, when neither Mr. Morris 
nor Mr. Jenings were among them; and now endeav- 
ours to evince to your excellency, that their proceed- 
ings were reasonable. 3dly, The disturbances in Jer- 
sey or Pennsylvania, ascribed to Mr.' Morris or Mr. 
Jennings, were no other than the opposition of an un- 
lawful and unjust authority, and that during the pro- 
prietors government, before it was surrendered to the 
queen; so not a fit matter to have been at that time 
seriously and deliberately meddled with by the address- 
ors, and could be done with no other intent but to mis- 
lead the queen, into a belief that Pennsylvania and 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 35 

New- Jersey, were then disturbed by these gentlemen; 
4thly, We do not find, that ever Mr. Morris was con- 
cerned at all, even during that time, the western divi 
sion of New-Jersey or Pennsylvania. 

The 11th article is, That this is done with design to 
throw off the queen's prerogative royal, and conse- 
quently to involve all her majesty's dominions, in this 
part of the world, and the honest and good well mean- 
ing men in them, in confusion, hoping thereby to ob- 
tain their wicked purposes. 

It is evident from this article, that the accusations 
of Mr. Morris and Mr. Jennings, were to mislead the 
queen into such a belief as we have instanced; 1st, 
from their using the terms (is done) being in the pres- 
ent tense: 2dly, they assign the reason why 'tis done, 
viz. not only to encourage this government, but all 
the governments in America, to throw off her majes- 
ty's prerogative royal, and as a consequence of that, to 
involve all her dominions in this part of the world, &c. 
in confusion; which is in plain English, throwing off 
our allegiance, and revolting from the crown of Eng- 
land; the addressers in the first place, suppose all the 
plantations on the continent of America inclinable to 
a revolt, whenever they have an opportunity; or at 
least if they don't believe it themselves, would have 
the queen believe so, and be apprehensive of some 
danger from it; which if she had, it's natural enough 
to suppose such severe methods would have been taken 
as would prevent any such thing; so thai what the 
addressors have said, is not only an accusation of all 
the plantations in America, of want of loyalty and 
affection to her majesty: but an endeavour t<> alienate 
her affections from them; We thank God it has not 
had the ill effects they intended, and hope no represen- 
tation founded on the malice of any men. ever will; 
but that the authors of them may always meet with 
as little credit as they deserve: Can it be thought, or 



36 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

could the addressers themselves ever seriously and de- 
liberated think, that the province of New-Jersey, -one 
of the most inconsiderable' of all her majesty's colonies 
and the most incapable of making, any defence, hav- 
ing no fortification that exceeds a stone house, and of 
them but very few, a great part of whose people 
are quakers, who by their principles are against fignt^ 
ing) would be so unaccountably mad, as throw ott 
toir allegiance (especially to be the first in doing 'it) 
and expose themselves to unavoidable ruin and de- 
struction? Whoever can seriously think this, and with 
deliberation assert it, ought very seriously, and without 
much deliberation, be confined to the society of mad- 
men, as persons that can seriously and deliberately be- 
lieve and say any thing; which is all we shall say to 
this ridiculous, as well as malicious charge, and pass 
to the 12th article; than which nothing more untrue, 
and knowingly so, could be asserted, as we shall by 
what follows, make out; the article runs thus: That 
the assembly are resolved neither to support the queens 
government with a revenue, nor defend it by settling a 

veil it in. 

Now it is plain, that this house never did deny to 
raise a sufficient support for the government, and took 
proper care concerning the militia, as by the several 
acts for those ends does more largely appear; nay, 
when the expedition against Canada, was on foot, we 
gave three thousand pounds for that end, over and 
above the support of government; and the casting vote 
for the raising that money, and the settling the militia 
now, was given by Mr. Hugh Middleton, one reputed 
a qu'aker; so that it will very easily appear, that accu- 
sation of the addressers, was not only very untrue, 
but that they knew it to be so at the time of their sign- 
ing of it; nay more, we shall make it appear, that the 
gentlemen of the council have used their utmost en- 
deavours to defeat the government of a necessary sup- 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 37 

port, and to frustrate, as much as in them lay, the ex- 
pedition against Canada; so that the accusation lies 
most justly against them, and not against us; for the 
acts for the support of the government, and settling 
the militia, made in the time of the good lord Love- 
lace, was pass'd by them, with the greatest difficulty; 
and the act for raising three thousand pounds, towards 
carrying on the expedition against Canada, was at 
their direction, by Elisha Lawrence and Gershom Mott, 
two of their tools, who were members of this house, 
(and were not quakers) voted out, and who on the first 
and second reading, voted for it, concealing their design 
of voting against it, otherways care had been taken 
to put it out of their power; and to make it appear, 
that it was done with design, by direction of the lieu- 
tenant governor and council, to cast a reflection on the 
house, and to justify their allegations in their address, 
even at the expence of defeating the expedition; the 
lieutenant governor colonel Ingoldsby, tho' assured by 
the speaker, and other members of the house, that if 
the house was prorogued but for twenty four hours, 
care should be taken the bill should pass; who pres- 
ently after did, notwithstanding, adjourn the house, 
from the thirteenth of June to the twenty eighth of 
July following; a time so long, that if the house and 
council had been never so willing, the season would by 
that time have been so far advanced, that it had been 
of no use then to have raised either men or money to- 
wards that expedition; as the lieutenant governor and 
council very well knew; and had not the honourable 
colonel Nicholson, and col. Vetch, in an extraordinary 
manner, prest the calling the house sooner than the 
time appointed, viz. on the twenty third day of June, 
neither money nor men had been raised on that ac- 
count: This we think comes up to a demonstration, 
that these gentlemen, rather than not gratify their re- 
sentments, and give some colour of justifying what 



35 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HITTER. [1711 

they had said, chose to sacrifice the service of the 
queen, and the common good, on so extraordinary an 
occasion, to their private piques; and indeed their pro- 
cedures ever since, have confirmed the country in 
that opinion, and exposed their conduct to a just cen- 
sure and shewed that they have been so far from en- 
deavouring (as they say, in the last article) by appli- 
cation to the governor, to remove the grievance, <£ any 
■ire re- that if their best advice was at any time ottered, 
it was rather how to continue and render them more 
intollerahle: We are sorry we have so much reason to 
say this as we have; but a long and uninterrupted 
series of despotick and arbitrary government exacts it 
from us; and which we are sure they will, to then- 
power, continue as long as to the great misfortune of 
this colony, they remain in any places of public* 

trust. , . . 

To enter into a detail of their several male-admmis- 
trations, 'twould take up more time than we can at 
present spare, and stretch the bounds of this repre- 
sentation to too great a length: We have already laid 
before your excellency some proofs against mr. Han, 
one of the council, of his extortion, and imprisoning 
and selling the queen's subjects; who, if they had been 
guilty of the crimes alledged against them, ought to 
have been prosecuted accordingly, and not discharged 
on any hopes of private gain; and if not guilty, ought 
not to have been laid in prison and in irons, and by 
those hardships forced to become his servants, rather 
than endure them: But a man that could, after taking 
up adrift several casks of flour, deny them to the owner 
and sell 'em, is capable of any thing that is ill; and 
how fit lor so honourable a post as one of her majes- 
ty's council, or indeed any other place of trust in this 
government, is most humbly submitted to your excel- 
lency's consideration 

Were there nothing against Mr. Peter Sonmans, but 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 39 

his being indicted for perjury; from which by a packed 
jury he was cleaved, as appears by the memorial (No. 
4.) there being but too much reason to believe he was 
justly accused; it would be no mean reason to lay him 
aside from her majesty's council; it being some sort of 
reflection to continue a person even supposed guilty of 
so heinous a crime, in so high a post, which her maj- 
esty in a particular manner has endeavoured to secure 
the honour of, by directing in her instructions that no 
person necessitous or much in debt shall be of it; much 
less a person known to be a bankrupt, as Sonmans is, 
and who at this time, and for some years past, has 
lived in open and avowed adultery, in contempt of the 
laws, which his being in power not only protects him 
from being punish'd but enables him to carry on his 
wicked designs, by imposing on the honest and simple 
people, who suspect no trick from a person of his rank; 
as appears by the depositions (No. 5 ) relating to the 
Amboy petition against dr. Johnston and mr. Reid; 
and to stretch and warp the laws, to the manifest 
prejudice, ruin and undoing of many of her majesty's 
subjects whose complaints from the several parts of 
the province (so unfortunate as to be under his direc- 
tion,) we make no doubt has long e'er this reach'd your 
excellency's ears; and which, we persuade ourselves, 
will, when your excellency is satisfied with the truth 
of them, have their proper effects. 

The courts of law in which the gentlemen of the 
council were judges, instead of being a protection and 
security to her majesty's subjects, of their liberties and 
properties, in disputes that came before them, became 
the chief invaders and destroyers of them both; and 
what should have been the greatest benefit, proved 
the greatest grievance; as we shall instance in a few 
of the many things we could: And first, notwithstand- 
ing her majesty, for the ease of her subjects here, has 
been pleased to appoint the supreme court of this 



40 ADMINISTRATION or GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

province to be held alernatively at Amboy in the east- 
ern, and Burlington in the western division of this 
province: yet The causes of one division are tried in the 
other, and juries and evidences carried for that end, at 
the great and needless charge of those concerned, as 
well as great expenee and lots of time to the people in 
general; who can receive no benefit by the courts 
being held alternatively, it' the ends tor which they are 
so held, be not answered, and causes tried in the same 
division to which they do belong; besides it is a prac- 
tice of very mischevious consequence, making the peo- 
ple entirely depend on and be subject to the judges of 
the said court, who can by that method, lay any per- 
sons they do not like, under the necessity of being at 
the bef orementioned charge, and make them that way 
sensible of their resentments; which, as we have in- 
stanced, they have been too ready and willing on all 
occasions to do: Secondly, the writ of habeas corpus, 
the undoubted right, as well as great privilege of the 
subject, was by William Pinhorne, Esq; second judge 
of the supreme court, denied to Thomas Gordon, Esq; 
then speaker of the assembly; and, notwithstanding 
the station he was in, was kept in fifteen hours a pris- 
oner, until he applied by the said Pinhorne's son, an 
attorney at law, and then, and not before, he was ad- 
mitted to bail; which fact, as well as other things. 
may appear by the said Gordon's case l No. 6) now laid 
before your excellency. The proceedings against a 
person in thai station, and at that time, made it but 
too evidently appear that the said Pinhorne would not 
stick to join with the lord Cornbury in the most daring 
and violent measures, to subvert the liberties of this 
country; and cannot be look'd on by this house, orany 
succeeding assembly, duly considering the procedure 
and the address above-mentioned, afterwards signed 
by him, but as a prison ready and willing on any oc- 
casion, to attempt upon their liberties, and overthrow 



1711] ADM1V1STKA TION OF GOVERNOR HUXTER. 41 

them if he can; and how safe we can think ourselves 
while he continues in power to hurt, is most humbly 
submitted. 

Many persons prosecuted upon informations, have 
been, at their excessive charge, forced to attend court 
after court, and not brought to tryal. when there was 
no evidence to ground such informations on; but they 
kept prisoners in hopes that some might be in time 
procured; and two of them, to wit. David .Johnston 
and his wife, after some weeks imprisonment, not ad- 
mitted to bail till they entered into a recognizance 
the condition of which was. That if the lord Cornbury 
was dissatisfied with admitting them to bail, upon no- 
tice thereof signified to them, they should return to 
Their imprisonment: His lordship was dissatisfied, and 
Leeds and Kevell, who took the recognizance, sent 
their orders to them To return according to the condi- 
tion of it. 

Actions have been suffered to continue, after the 
persons in whose names they were brought, have in 
open court disa vowed them, declaring they had never 
gi\cn orders for any such actions to be brought. 

Actions upon frivolous pretences have been post- 
poned, and the tryals delayed to serve particular per- 
sons, when the juries and evidences were all ready, 
and attending on the tryals. 

Though it be the right of the subject, by proper 
writs, to remove actions from any inferior to a supe- 
rior court: y^t at the court of sessions held at Burling- 
ton, in December 1709, colonel Daniel Coxe, colonel 
Hugh Huddy. colonel Thomas Revell and Daniel 
Leeds, esquires, justices of the said county, did reject 
a writ of certiorari, obtained by mr. George Willocks, 
and allowed by Roger Mompesson. chief justice, and 
committed said Willocks till he entered into recogni- 
zance, to appear at the next court of oyer and term 
iner. 



42 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

The case of Peter Blacksfield, who by a mistake or 
design, was divested of his estate, and ruined; is so 
well known to your excellency, that we need say noth- 
ing more about it. 

The people called quakers, who are by her majesty 
admitted to places of the most considerable trust with- 
in this province, are sometimes admitted to be evi- 
dences; as one Mr. Beaks, a quaker, was in a capital 
case against one Thomas Bates, at a court of oyer and 
terminer, held by justice Mompesson, col. Coxe, col. 
Huddy, and others; on which evidence, he was con- 
demned to be executed; and sometimes they have been 
refused to be jurors or evidences, either in civil or 
criminal cases; so that their safety, or receiving the 
benefit of her majesty's favour, seems not to depend 
on the laws, or her directions, but the humours and 
capricios of the gentlemen who were judges of the 
courts: We, with all humanity, take leave to inform 
your excellency, that the western division was settled 
by those people, who combated with all the inconveni- 
encies attending a new settlement; and with great 
difficulty and charge, have from a wilderness improved 
it to be what you now see it is; there are great num- 
bers of them in it, and should they not be admitted as 
evidences or jurors, they would be very unsafe; for it 
is in the power of ill men, to come into their religious 
assemblies, and murder as many as they please, and 
with impunity, tho' look'd on by hundreds of quakers; 
or break open their houses and rob with safety; and 
the encouragement the gentlemen of the council have 
given to the meanest of the people, to abuse them, 
confirms us in the opinion, that there wants not those 
who have will enough to perpetrate the greatest mis- 
chiefs on that people, when they can escape the pun- 
ishment due to their crimes. 

The procedure of the w T hole body of the council, in 
relation to Mi*. Barclay, is a demonstration of their 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 43 

arbitrariness and partiality, as by his case, (No. 7.) 
now laid before your excellency, will more fully ap- 
pear. When he produced a commission before them 
from the proprietors in England which superceded that 
lame one given to Mr. Sonmans; they (as appears by 
an order of council) took the said commission from 
him : than which nothing could be more arbitrary 
and unjust; for that commission was the property 
of Mr. Barclay, and he had the right of executing 
the powers of it; and if any persons was aggrieved, 
or the commission not good, the law was open to 
dispute it ; and a copy of it sent to the queen would 
have answered all the just ends that sending the 
original could do: It was indeed a short way of deter- 
mining in favour of Peter Sonmans, and putting it out 
of the power of Mr. Barclay, to right himself, during 
that administration: The gentlemen may call this a 
strenuous asserting of the queen's prerogative royal ; 
but we can call it by no other name than an open rob- 
bery, committed in their judicial capacity, under a pre- 
tence of authority: than which nothing could be worse, 
or of more pernicious consequence. 

To conclude, all persons not friends to the gentle- 
men of the council, or some of them, were sure in any 
tryal at law to suffer; everything was done in favour 
of these that were: Justice wasbanislrd, and trick and 
partiality substituted in its place: No man was secure 
in his liberty or estate: but both subjected to the ca 
prices of an inconsiderate party of men in power, who 
seemed to study nothing more than to make them as 
precarious as possible. Your excellency's coming, has 
put a check to that violent torrent of injustice and op- 
pression, that bore down every thing before it: and 
we hope, that during your administration, ill men will 
not have authority to hurt, nor their representations 
gain any credit with a person so able to discern the 
motives of them: which are no other, than the grati- 



44 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERSTOB IH'N'TER. [1711 

fication of their own resentments, even at the price of 
the pnblick safety, as we have in great measure al- 
ready proved; and their proceedings now does plainly 
confirm what we have offered; for what can be the 
intent of rejecting our bills without committing of 
them, but to irritate us to that degree, that nothing 
might be done, either towards the support of the gov- 
ernment, or the settling of a militia, that they might 
have wherewithal to justify themselves in what they 
have said of us? What was the cause of their reject- 
ing the bill for preventing of corruption in courts of jus- 
tice, but the consciousness of their own crimes, and the 
fears they had of that examine, which must neces- 
sarily have exposed their conduct to a due censure? 
What was it that made them throw out the bill against 
bankrupts (though made by her majesty's express di- 
rection) and profess themselves against any bill what- 
soever on that head, but the dread they had of feeling 
the just consequences of it themselves? Nay, one of 
them, William Pinhorne, esq; by name, was pleased 
to say, it was with horror and amazement he beheld a 
bill with that title; we are not so fond of the bill as it 
was drawn, but that we would have readily joined 
with the council in any reasonable amendments, had 
they offered them; but we think no honest man could 
be against a bill that makes the estates of persons be- 
coming bankrupts, liable to pay their just debts; and 
we hope New- Jersey won't long be a sanctuary for 
such. The bill, entitled. An act for enabling persons 
aggrieved by an act for settling the militia for this 
■province, was, to make the distresses unreasonably 
and illegally made on pretence of the militia act, re- 
turnable to the owners, and to punish the persons that 
did it; but this they will not pass, knowing that so 
just an act would be attended with consequences they 
can by no means bear; the instruments of that oppres- 
sion being to be protected by them at any rate, and 



1711] A.DMISTISTRATIOS OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 4ri 

nothing to be heard against them, because they were 
officers of the government, tho' their practices were 
never so unreasonable or unjust, and her majesty's 
subjects left remediless, and must patiently sit down, 
after having their houses and plantations plundered, 
and their persons abused by a crew of needy and mer- 
cenary men, under pretence of law; but it was such 
persons that were useful to them, and such they musl 
for their own safety, protect: Tis for this reason they 
combine together, to secure, as far as they are able, 
Jeremiah Bass, their clerk, the secretary of this prov- 
ince, and prothonotary of the supreme court; in all 
these offices his pen is to be directed by them; they 
dread an honest man in these offices: How he has be- 
haved himself, is in seme measure known to your ex- 
cellency, especially in the case of Dennis Linch, the 
Maidenhead people, and Peter Blacksfield; the two last 
are notorious malversations in his office, and appear 
under his hand, and by the minute books of the su- 
preme court; and it is no excuse in him, when men 
are turned out of their estates and ruin'd, to say, it was 
a mistake; if such an excuse would do, it is very easily 
made on any occasion: and in this province, can !><• 
safe, when such a person continues in offices of so 
great trust. All the original copies of the laws passed 
in the time of the just lord Lovelace, are somehow or 
other made away with; Bass offers to purge himself 
by his oath, that he has them not, nor knows any 
thing of them; and it may he so for aught we know; 
but in this province where he is known, it is also 
known, that few men ever believed his common con- 
versation, and several juries have refused to credithis 
oath; he corroborates what he says with the evidence 
of Peter Sonmans, one of the council, a person once 
indicted for perjury; and how lie was cleared, the 
aforesaid memorial makes out; so that we do not 
think him a person of sufficient credit to determine 



•16 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

that point. It is certain, that the secretary's office is 
the place those laws ought to be in. and he ought 
not on any pretence to have parted with them out of 
the province: It is certain, the lieutenant governor 
ought, within three months after the passing of them 
to have sent copies of them to the lords commissioners 
for trade and plantations, and duplicates of them by 
the next conveyance after; and this under pain of her 
majesty's highest displeasure, and the forfeiture of 
that year's salary, on which he should on any pretence 
tvhat soever omit the doing of it; how comes it then 
about, that neither the secretary Bass, nor mr. Cock- 
rill, private secretary to the lord Lovelace, and who 
lived six months after his master's death, was never 
examined about them? Mr. Cockrill could have cleared 
up that matter while alive, if the lieutenant governor 
could be thought so grossly to neglect what he knew 
to be his duty; why did not mr. Bass apply to him in 
all that time for those laws? If he had parted with 
them, as he pretends, so much against his will, it was 
very natural to suppose he would have used the ut- 
most application to get them again ; yet no one enquiry 
is said to be made after them, either by Bass or the 
lieutenant governor, of the lady Lovelace, who staid 
in New- York long after the death of her lord, or of his 
secretary; nor no noise at all made about them till this 
time, so long after the arrival of your excellency; can 
any body think it was the interest of either the lord or 
lady Lovelace, or his secretary, or any of his lordship's 
friends, to destroy a law which gave the lord Lovelace 
eight hundred pounds, and without which he could 
not have it; but it does appear to be the interest of 
the lieutenant governor and his friends to destroy it; 
for they had go1 an act passed, which took from the 
lord Lovelace three hundred and thirty pounds of that 
money, and gave it to the lieutenant governor: and 
two hundred and seventy pounds more of it was given 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. i '. 

to him for the support of the government. Had he 
sent the act made in favour of the lord Lovelace, to 
the queen, for her approbation or disallowance, and 
her majesty had approved of it. as in all probability 
she would have done, then the act made in colonel In- 
goldsby's favour had been void; but had the other gone 
home first, there was an expectation it might pass, 
the queen knowing no more about the first act, than 
that a vote had passed in favour of the lord Lovelace. 
And to make it plainly appear, that colonel Ingolds- 
by, and the gentlemen of the council, were apprehen- 
sive of the danger of sending those acts to England; 
to the act we have now past, for making the printed 
copies as effectual as if the originals were in the secre- 
tary office, that your excellency may be enabled to 
transmit them to her majesty; they have added a pro- 
viding clause, that the act made in col. Ingoldsby's 
time, (which takes that money from the lord Lovelace) 
shall not by this act we have past, be made void in the 
whole or any part thereof; but continue in full force 
and virtue, as if this act had never been made: This 
amendment they insist on, tho' they knew, and do 
know, we will never agree to a clause so foreign to the 
title and intent of the bill: but this is done by them, 
with design that the bill shall not pass; by which 
means her majesty will be without authentic copies of 
the acts, during that good lord's administration; and 
they hope will confirm the acts past in colonel Ingolds- 
by's time: What we have said on this head, shews 
very plainly who are the persons that ought, with 
most reason to be charged, with the making away 
those original laws. 

We are concerned, we have so much reason to ex- 
pose a number of persons, combined to do New-Jersey 
all the hurt that lies their power: Her majesty has 
been graciously pleased to remove colonel Richard lu- 
goldsby from being lieutenant governor, and we can- 



t8 ADMINISTRATION OK GOVERNOR HUXTER. [ 1< 1 1 

not sufficiently express our gratitude for so singular a 
favour; and especially for appointing your excellency 
for our governor: We have all the reason in the world 
to be well assured, you will not forget that you are her 
subject; but will take care that justice be duly admin- 
istered to the rest of her subjects here; which can 
never be done while William Pin home, Eoger Mom- 
pesson, Daniel Coxe, Richard Townley, Peter Son- 
mans, Hugh Huddy, and William Hall, or Jeremiah 
Bass, Esqrs, continue in places of trust, within this 
province, and seek some safer place of abode: We 
shall w r ait till your excellency can transmit accounts of 
the state of this colony, to her majesty; and assure 
you, that we will on all occasions very readily, to our 
power, comply with her majesty's directions, and be 
wanting in nothing that may conduce to make your 
administration happy, both to yourself and us. 

Signed by order of the house of representatives. 

We Veneri^A. M. J Wlu Bradf0EDj clk 

[The governor answered, 'that her majesty had 
given him directions to endeavour to reconcile the dif- 
ferences, that were in this province: but if he could not 
that he should make a just representation to her; and 
that he did not doubt, but that upon the representa- 
tion he should make, her majesty would take such 
measures, as should give a general satisfaction.'] 



1711 J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 40 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Commissioners of 
Customs— About the Removal of the Collector at 
Pert 1 1 Amboy. 

From the N. V. Col. Docts., Vol. V. p. 289. 

[Extracts.] 

Gentlemen 

* * * * Another thing I shall take notice of to you 
is Mr. Birchfeilds 1 suspending Mr. Farmer from his 
Collectors office at Amboy in New Jersey the sole rea- 
son seems to be his non residing and the delay vessells 
were put to by that means: this is in some measure 
time but Capt" Farmer did not live for some time at 
Amboy. But [it] is likewise true that at the time of 
his suspension and for some months before, he lived 
there with his family and if its allowable to a Collec- 
tor to live out of his Port Mr Farmer had the best 
reason to expect it of any man for his House on Staten 
Island in the Province of New York is directly oppo- 
site to Amboy from which Port no vessell can goe or 
come without bis seeing it, but to take away all occas- 
sion of complaint he appointed a Deputy at Amboy 
who duly attended there, but you will perceive by the 
Affidavits and representation to Mr Birchfeild where 
complaint is of his not attending, that little or no no- 
tice is taken of any enquiry being made after his 
deputy. 

The truth of the matter I take to be thus: Mr Birch- 
feild having (as I am credibly informed) promised this 
office to Mr Swift even before he had seen Mr Farmer 
or been at Amboy, was resolved to make room for him 
on any pretence or he would never have displaced Mr 
Farmer, for not living in Amboy and put in Mr Swift a 



1 The Surveyor General of Customs. 
4 



oO ADMINISTRATION OF GOVJlRNOB HUNTER. [Till 

Tavern Keeper in New York, where he lives with his 
family and indeed very seldom leaves it to attend his 
duty at Amboy which is near forty miles from his 
habitation. 

Had Mr Swift been in Commission and been suspend- 
ed to make room for Mr Farmer t'would have been much 
less surprising the latter being a gentleman of honesty 
and very good capacity for that employ. The former 
a Tavern Keeper of no good reputation but on the con- 
trary blackened with the imputation and violent pre- 
sumption of crimes unfit to be mentioned. 

1 am Aery unwilling to give you the trouble of a 
Recommendation but the good service Mr Farmer has 
done His Majesty in the Assembly of Jersey being a 
principal instrument in settling a support for the Gov- 
ernment and promot- her interest in whatever else 
came before that house, deserves some notice. 

1 heartily wish I had as good reason to speak well of 
Mr Birchfeild, whose office if rightly administered leads 
him to do a world of good, bvt I have too good cause 
to say, the use he has made of it has had very perni- 
cious effects. Merchants by his behaviour and pas- 
sionate desire of gain are discouraged, officers whom 
he tells he ought to go equal shares with in the per- 
quisites of their places are made very uneasy, and in 
short whatever he has any influence in has a very ill 
aspect, I wish he would take example by Col Quary 

Gentlemen &c 

Ro: Httnter. 

New York May 7 ,n 1711 






1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



Communication from Governor Hunter to the Lords 
of Trade — with a number of documents referring 
to affairs in-East Jersey. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts.. Vol. V. p. 109.| 

To the R r Hon ble the Lords Commissioners for 
Trade and Plantations 

I Extracts. | 
My Lords 

- ■• •■ : ;: " * I have such variety of matter 1 1 1 
trouble your Lordships withall that T am at loss 
where to begin. — I shall follow the order of time 

Immediately upon prorogueing the Assembly of this 
place I went to attend that of the Jerseys where I met 
with difficulties of* a new nature, there I had a Coun- 
cil to struggle with which had well nigh rendered all 
my endeavours for her Majesty's service there as fruit- 
less as the humours of the Assembly have done here. 

I am ordered by her Majesty to compose the differ- 
ences there, or Keport their time Causes, and what op- 
position I meet with. The former being past all human 
power or Act I shall do the latt' with all the cander 
imaginable; It is needless to goe back soe farr as the 
Assembly's Eemonstrance in the Lord Cornbury's 
Government, your Lordships having had sufficient 
trouble in that already. But that remonstrance beg< >tt 
the Councills address, com'only soe called w cb indeed 
was not soe, but a private Act of a number of the 
Counsellors signed by them at different times and in 
different Provinces, and by two of them, as they have 
owitd to me, much against their inclinat" being wise 
enough to foresee the consequences thereof; These 
Gentlemen, T mean the Addressors, thus link't to- 
gether in order to make good the allegations in thai 



62 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR .HUNTER. [1711 

address, combin'd to take such measures as should 
make all publick Affairs miscarry in the house of Rep- 
resentatives, and that soe avowedly that Mr Quarry 
thought fit to leave them in most things, and Mr Mom- 
pesson in some, without which I should never have 
been able to have CarrVed one thing in Councill as it 

The first three Acts which came up to the Councill 
they rejected upon the second reading; and coud by 
noe means be prevailed with to commit them tho it 
was urged that paying so little respect to those Bills 
was but a bad step to reconciliation soe earnestly rec- 
ommended to them, and that if there was anything 
in these Acts they disliked, they might either amend 
it in the Committee or Reject it at the third Reading. 
These Acts were, An act for acknowledging and re- 
cording of Deeds &c 
An Act for preventing prosecutions by informations. 
An Act for ascertaining the Qualifications of Jurors 
as in the first, second and third pages of the Book A. 
Your Lordships will have the Acts at large. 

The next was an Act for regulating the practice of 
the Law as in page 4 of the said Book A. All that was 
urgd against this Act was that the Laws of England 
were sufficient for that matt' The next which came 
was an Act for Regulating and Appointing the Fees 
of the several officers and Practitioners of the Law 
&c as in page 5 of the said Book A. 

With relation to this Act I must beg leave to acquaint 
Your Lordships that having in Her Majesty's Instruct* 8 
ample directions as to the maimer of appointing and 
regulating Fees, and having at the same time lour 
Lordships opinion in Your remarks on the Lord Corn- 
burv's -Vnswer to the Assembly's Remonstrances, That 
noeFee is lawfull unless it be warranted by Presumption 
or Enacted by the Legislature. I thought it the best 
Expedient to have it wav'd and lye on the Table, until 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 53 

such time as I should receive Her Majesty's orders, or 
your Lordships directions therein, being pretty well 
assured that the Assembly would make noe great stir 
about it at that time. 

The next was an act for the better settleing and 
regulating the offices of the Secretary and Clerk of 
the Supream Court, as in page 1 1 of the said Book A. 

This was Justly rejected because of the Impossibility 
of keeping of the Records in both places and the great 
expense it would create upon a very small salary. 

The next was an Act for preventing Corruption in 
the Courts of Justice, as in page 11 of the said Book A. 

This Act was approved with great vehemence as im- 
plying that there had been such corruption, and having 
a Retrospection they were prest much to pay some Re- 
gard to this Act, because of the specious title, and that 
the preamble of the Act was only Declaratory, That 
all Laws for that purpose made in England were in 
force here, soe with adoe we got it committed, but 
upon its being Reported there happened such a Jumble 
as I believe never before was heard of at such a Board. 
The Chairman reported that the Committee had made 
several amendments. These amendments were their 
rejecting all the several Paragraphs except the first, 
upon Reading each Paragraph the Question was put 
whether this Board doe agree with the Committee in 
rejecting that Paragraph. It past in the Affirmative, 
soe upon the third reading when the Clerk was going 
on, after having read the First Paragraph, hee was 
stopt and told that that was all as the Bill was then 
amended, hee replyed that it was not, the Council! 
having receded from the amendments of the Commit 
tee, and had accordingly soe minuted it. This 1 could 
not help mentioning as a notorious falcifying of tli«> 
Minutes of Councill, most of them stood up in his Jus- 
tification, but being put in mind of their own argum ts 
for rejecting each Paragraph, and the mistake imputed 



;,4 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOB HUNTER, [1711 

to the Clerks misund'standing the words Recede from 
the Amendment for Rejecting the Paragraph, they 
acquiesced and the minutes were ratifyed; but upon 
the Question, if the Bill as amended, do pass Votes 
were Equal, upon which I put the Question If the Bill 
be rejected, It passed in the affirmative; Mr Hall m 
the first question having voted that it doe pass, and m 
the second that it be rejected. 

Then came up the Act for Relieving the Creditors ot 
persons that are or hereafter shall become Bankrupt 
in Great Britain, as in the 12 th page of the said Book. 
It is impossible to imagine with what indignation 
this Act was treated by that Majority, the mildest 
terms that it received were that the very name of it 
created horror, that it was evident mine to that Prov- 
ince, and that Her Majesty was ill informed, when she 
gave such an Instruction. I told them that altho 1 
seldom troubled them with my Opinion, in passing of 
Acts in Councill, but was very willing to be concluded 
by theirs, but when Her Majesty's Instructions were 
called in question they must pardon me the freedom 
which I conceived to be my duty to use on such an oc- 
casion ; I told them that I thought it needless to mf orme 
them, that these Instructions were not formed upon 
the private Insinuations of any person, but prepared 
with due deliberation by a Board com'issionated for 
that, and other, purposes, Read and considered by Her 
Majesty in Councill and then approved by her. That 
when, in conformity to such an Instruction, the Rep- 
resentatives have prepared an Act and sent it to them 
for their concurrence, their Rejecting of it as preju- 
dicial! to the Interest of the Province could not well 
bear any other construction, then that Her Majesty, 
Her Privy Councill, Her Commissioners for Trade, & 
the Representative Body of the Province, were acting 
in opposition to the true interest of it, or that the 
Council, or rather a certain number of them, under- 



1111 J ADMJNISTIJATION ol <;o\ KKNuK llT;\Ti:i;. 55 

stood that matter better than all of them together, or, 
what Ishould be very unwillingto believe, that some of 
themselves were personally too nearly c< >ncerne< I in the 
consequences of passing such a Bill ; I told them like- 
wise that I had observed all along a very commenda- 
ble caution in them, that all Acts here should be very 
wisely conformable to the Laws of England. I hop'd 
there was likewise some regard due to the Interest ot 
England, which was evidently intended by this Act, 
especially when it was no wayes repugnant to that of 
this Province. All the effect this had upon them was 
that the Bill was committed, Reported with amend- 
ment and Rejected. 

I have enlarged upon this Head that your Lordships 
may be the better inform'd of these Gentlem" 8 Inclina- 
tions, and their methods of Proceeding in Councill, 
and because, as I am informed, they have been draw- 
ing up Reasons in then- justificasion, the chief of 
which, with relation to this act, will be, as I suppose 
that it would shake their titles; many of them holding 
their lands from such Bankrupts that Comm ,,a of Bank 
rupts may be surreptitiously obtained in England to 
their mine, and that it would frighten People from 
settling in that Province, but they were frequently 
told that the House of Representatives meant this Acs 
only as the ground work, leaving the superstructure 
to the Councill. who were more learned in the Loans. 
for all these inconveniencies mentioned were easily to 
be remedyed by proper additions and amendments. 

The Act to prevent commencing Actions under ten 
pounds in the Supream Court &" as in the 14"' page 
of the said Book was Rejected after the same manner 
as the others 

The Act for regulating Elections and assertaining 
the Qualifications of the Representatives of this Prov- 
ince, Page L5; This Act the' founded upon and con- 
formable to an Instruction of Her Majesty for this 



56 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

Purpose was Rejected, because repugnant to an Act 
past in Coll. Ingoldsby's time, which act as they them- 
selves owne was made on purpose to exclude Doctor 
Johnston and Captain Farmer from being Elected; 
These Gentlemen at that time living by chance in the 
Province of New York, tho' their Estates, which are 
very valuable, lye in the Jerseys, and who have acted 
very zealously, and strenuously for her Majesty's ser- 
vice. 

The next act that came up was an Act declaring all 
the printed Copyes of all the Acts past in the Session 
of March and April 1708, and 1709 of the General 
Assembly of this Province, to be as effectual to all 
Intents and purposes as the Originals could or would 
be, were they duly and regularly in the Secretaries 
Office, Page 17, To let your Lordships into the mean- 
ing of this Act, I must begg your patience whilst I 
numerate sev" perticulars necessary for that purpose. 
About the beginning of that session, I sent to the 
House of Representatives a message in the close of the 
36 th page of the Minutes of Assembly mark't B, and 
with it amongst other things Her Majesties letter in 
favour of the Lady Lovelace as in the 39 th page of the 
said Book B. The Assembly observing from these 
words of Her Majesty, that we not only consent to 
their giving the Petitioner the sum they have voted of 
Eight hundred pounds, but approve & c That it being 
mentioned only as a vote she did not know that it was 
past into a Law, and consequently that these Laws 
past in the Lord Lovelace's time had not been sent 
home for her approbation. 

They had recourse to the Secretaries office for the 
Originals which were not to be found there, the former 
Lieutenant Governor, Collonel Ingoldsby when ques- 
tioned about these Acts answered that he knew 
nothing of them, and that he believed the Lady Love- 
lace had burnt them amongst other papers of her 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 57 

Lords. Upon this I had the Secretary examined more 
particularly, who said the Lord Lovelace had carryed 
them to New York to have them printed, there being 
noe time to take copyes, The Printer being examined 
declared that he had printed these Acts from the 
Originals, and that Mr Cockerell the Lord Lovelace's 
Secretary, who is also dead, had them from him in 
order to retnrne them to the Secretaries Office in the 
Jerseys; These Acts being thus lost, that due regard 
might be paid to Her Majesty's soe Just and charita- 
ble Intentions and desires, there could be noe other 
expedient thought of But that of this Act, because 
their being an Act past in Collonel Ingoldsby's admin- 
istration, giving six hundred pounds to him of the 
Eight granted by the former Act to the Lord Love- 
lace; and sent home for Her Majesty's Approbation 
and that Act in favor of the Lord Lovelace never 
having come to her Royal hands, she was left noe 
choice, w ch to approve or disapprove. 

The Councill in their Committee added a clause in 
these words 

And whereas in the Eighth year of Her Majesty's 
reign in the Session of the generall assembly for this 
Province, held at the towne of Burlington in the 
months of December and January 1709, An Act of 
Generall Assembly was past, entituled an Act for 
explaining- and rendering more effectual! an Act for 
support of Her Majesty's government of Nova Caesarea 
or New Jersey for one year, the original whereof is 
lodged in the Secretaries office; Be it therefore enacted 
by the authority aforesaid that nothing in this Ad 
contained shall be construed, deemed or taken to the 
prejudice of the said Act, either by avoiding it in the 
whole or in any part thereof, but the same shall 
remain in full force and virtue as if this Act had never 
been made. 

It was urged against this Clause that seeing this Act 



58 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

as it stood imputed noe more than that the Acts past in 
the Lord Lovelaces' time should be of the same force 
as if they had been duly in the Secretaries Office, 
unless it could be imagined that these Acts if they had 
been duly there could have made voyd or repealed those 
late ones in whole or in part, this amendment was to 
noe purpose, and had really noe meaning. The House 
of Eepresentatives were apprehensive that this was 
intended by the Council] as a confirmation of that Act 
past in Collonel Ingoldsby's time, giving him the 
money granted by the former to the Lord Lovelace, or 
at least that the passing of this Clause might be con- 
structed as if they were satisfyed it should be soe but 
the only reasons they gave for not agreeing to it were, 
that they would never consent to a Clause soe foreigne 
to the Title and intent of the Bill, the Councill adhered 
to their amendment, and so the Bill was lost, I have 
however ventured to send Your Lordships these Acts 
of the Lord Lovelaces under the seal of the Province in 
the Bundle markt C having had them compared with 
such copies as remained in the hands of the then Clerk 
of the Assembly. 

The next was an Act for releiving of persons 
aggrieved by an Act past in the third year of Her 
Majesty Queen Anne, intituled An Act for settling the 
Militia of this province. It is manifest that many per- 
sons have been agriev'd, under colours of this Act. by 
Distresses to a much greater value than the fynes 
which have either never been sold and remain in the 
hands of the distreiners or other Officers, or. if sold. 
the overplus not returned to the owners, as by the Act 
directed, however it was committed, reported without 
amendments & rejected. 

The next in order was an Act for raising of money. 
for building and repairing Goals, and Court Bouses 
&' as in the 20 Ul page of the Book A. Your Lordships 
well know how earnestly Her Majesty has recom- 



1111 I ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 59 

mended that matter, and everybody here sees the 
necessity of such a Law, for want of which many 
malefactors escape and the County is put to great 
charges to guard them; The Councill however made 
severall amendments to it, most of them only changing 
the places to others Judged by them more convenient; 
The Assembly agreed to most of them, but disagreed 
to one, which directed the building of a Goal in a cor- 
ner of the Count} 7- , in a place little frequented ; The 
Councill insisted upon it, alleadging that the Under- 
takers, upon the credit of the former Act, had already 
begun that work, the Assembly offer'd for remedy that 
by paying that expence out of the money raised by 
this Act, but all to no purpose, soe this good Bill was 
lost. 

The last was an Act for preventing the Waste of 
Timber and Pine trees, as in the 23*'' page of the said 
Book A, which tho' of noe great consequence had the 
same ffate with the others. 

Having thus run over y c Acts passed by the Assem- 
bly and Rejected by the Councill before I enter on 
Observations of the Acts by them past I must begg 
your Lordshipps patience whilst I make a few on their 
conduct. 

Finding all my efforts towards a Reconsiliation 
fruitless, at the beginning of the Sessions I thought of 
an expedient to allay heat's and prevent a further rup- 
ture; I recommended to the cheif amongst them, that, 
in order to enter speedily on the publick affairs, there 
should be noe object"" started on either side to any 
elections, notwithstanding of which the Councill's 
party in the Assembly, very unadvisedly, being but an 
inconsiderable number objected against the Elections 
of two of the chief members of the house, [mediately 
upon the Speaker's communicating my Speech to them, 
Upon which the other, called the Country party 1 1 am 
sorry for the distinction) told me it was hard to tye 



60 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

their hands, while the others attacked them, soe they 
expell'd two members of the other party, one Major 
Sanford for having sign'd the Gouncill's Address 
against the Assembly, when he was of that Board, as 
he was at my arrival here, but begg'd to be excus'd 
that service being guilty of a very f oule crime consent- 
ing, and contriving the escape of a ffellon, for his 
money which he had in his hands to a considerable 
value, and who was afterwards apprehended and 
hang'd, confessing at his death the whole matter, 
which was but too well known before. 

This Majority in Councill which I am sorry I have 
occassion to mention soe often under that name, having 
boasted all along, that they and their Friends only 
were for supporting Government, I was surprised to 
heare that their few friends had voted in the Assem- 
bly in that matter for sums and times differing from 
the rest and one another, which made all then votes of 
noe use towards the passing of the Bill. But, what 
was more notorious, upon the passing the Militia Act, 
the Quakers, as their Custom is, left the House that 
the Bill might pass without their voting in it. But 
the Councill party there voting against it, the Votes 
fell to be equall, upon which one of the Quakers re- 
turned to the House, ask't how the Votes stood, and, 
being told they were equall, he said he knew the mean- 
ing of that very well and voted for it. by which the 
Bill was carry ed. 

Their method of proceeding in relation to Bills was 
at first rejecting them on the second Reading, and ;it 
last when prevailed with to commit them, they either 
reported them without amendments, and soe rejected 
them, or clogg'd them with such as made it impossible, 
or ;it least very improbable they should pass the other 
house as perticularly in the Bill declaring all Laws past 
in England against corruption in the Courts of Justice 
to be of force in that Province, they added a clause 



1711] ABMlNtSTKATIOS OP (t()Vi;hN0K HUNTRU. til 

enacting the Protestant Succession Rights of the 
Chmch & c This howev r they were ashamed of and 
the Councill disagreed with their Committee being told 
that that amendment was foreign to the title of the 
Bill, and that it would sound very oddly in England- 
that wee should imagine that the Protestant Sucession 
wanted any further sanction here. 

Much time was spent in Councill Cavilling and 
wrangling on matters fforeign to those before them, 
some time in indecent reflections on the memory and 
conduct of a person of honour deceased, frequently to 
that degree of heat that I was obliged much against 
my nature to exert the authority I am cloathed with, 
to keep them to order and rules, these disputes were 
chiefly managed and promoted by Collonel Cox, who 
as I am informed, is going to England. I hope he 
will and then your Lordships will better Judge how fit 
a person he is for a Council Board. 

I protest to your Lordships in the sincerity of my 
heart I have noe ends to pursue but Her Majesty's 
service, That I have noe personall dislike to any man. 
That 1 have avoided party prejudices, and have acted 
by noe passions in any part of my administration, 
which emboldens me tell Your Lordships, that unless 
Eer Majesty be pleased to remove from Her Councill 
in the Jersey's William Pinhorne. Daniel Cox, Peter 
Sonmans, and William Hall there are noe hopes of 
peace and quiet in that Province. Collonel Townley is 
since dead, Huddy a weak man led by the rest, M r 
Mompesson Joyned with them in most matters, being 
son-in-law to M r Pinhorne and tack'd to them by that 
fatal address. Col. Quary, tho' unwarily link't to them 
by the same chain, has behaved himself most worthily 
for her Majesty's interest at this time. 

The state of the Question I humbly conceive to he 
this, whether these Gentlemen shall be continued hi 
their places, which are indeed a trouble and expence 



62 



ADMINISTRATION OK GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



[171 



to them, and for which they can have noe reall incli- 
nation, as matters stand, but to gratify their passions, 
and, by that means, the confusion here be perpetuated, 
or that they be removed and others put in their room 
to the entire satisfaction and perfect settlement of the 
minds of the people in that province, For let who will 
governe unless he doe it by will and pleasure, Pie be 
bold to affirme he can effect nothing to purpose, whilst 
these Gentlemen are in the Councill, and I can promise 
in the name of the people that nothing shall be want- 
ing hereafter, as farr as their ability will goe which 
may be Judged necessary for Her Majesty's Service, if 
they are gratifyed in this particular. 

For this purpose I send Your Lordships a list of the 
names of Eight persons for Her Majestie's Councill in 
the Jerseys, that out of them Your Lordships may 
choose a number to supply the place of such as you 
shall think good to remove 

In the Western Division 
John Hambleton [Hamilton] Gen 11 Post Master. 
Thomas Byerly Collector and Receiver Generall of 

New York and a Proprietor of the Jerseys. 
John Reading' Proprietor and Clerk to the Councill of 
Proprietors 




was among the early immigrants to West Jersey, arriving with his wife, Rebecca 
from London, England, prior to 1683. He settled at Gloucester and was Clerk or 
Recorder of the County from 1G83 to 1701, and subsequently held various offices of 
trust in the county, being highly respected by his fellow-citizens. His nomination 
for the Council of Governor Hunter was approved in April, 1713. He held the 
office until his death, in 1718. when he was succeeded in that and other positions by 
his son. John. .Mr. Reading became the owner of a large tract of laud on the New 
Jersey side of the Delaware, near where Lambertsville is now, and removed thither. 
His remains lay in the yard of the Buckingham Friends meeting, Bucks county. 
IVniia. — Mickle's Gloucester, p. 43. Judge Clement.— En. 



L711] ADMlNISTEATION OF GOVEENOE HUNTER. 03 

Robert Wheeler a very honest substantiall Inhabitanl 
at Burlington. 

In the Eastern Division 
David Lyall' a Proprietor. 
John Anderson \ 

William Morris V Wealthy honest men. 
Elisha Parker ' 

5Tour Lordships will also receive with this a Bundle 
markt D containing Representations, Petition and 
Affidav'" against these Gentlemen of the Council] and 
the Secretary of the Province with some of then- 
answers which to me appeared trifling and Evasive, 
and if Your Lordships take the trouble to read them I 
believe you will be of the same opinion As to the 
Secretary lie say no more of him than this, that if 
there be any credit to be given to the universall report 
of mankind there lives not a more corrupt man upon 
the earth than he; I received an address of the Assem- 
bly markt E in the a tore mentioned Bundle D of which 
I give him a Copy, sometime after I received an Ad- 
dress from these gentlemen of the Councill in his 
favour as you will find it in the separate Minutes of 
the Councill Page 2'" to which I reply ed as in the third; 
towards the close of y e Sessions bee gave mee his 
answer mark't ft' in the Bundle D; There is no man 
thinks himself safe in his property whilst he is in Ids 




was a goldsmith by trade 
of St. Martins-in-the-Field , 
London, a dependent, tra- 
dition says, of a wealthy 
family named Lorraine, 
with a near connection of 
which he formed an at- 



tachment, that, being reciprocated, led to their seeking a new home in America 
arriving about 1697. Although he became a proprietor of East Jersey soon after 
his arrival, he resided in New York for a few years, but finally took up bis perma 
nent abode in Perth Amboy. He was appointed one of the Council under the 
administration of Governor Burnet in 1719, and held it until 1723. He died in Mon- 
mouth county, where he then resided, in 1726, and his headstone is still standing 
(1881) in the cemetery at Topanamus. He was fifty-five years old. Whitehead'* 
Perth Amboy and Surrounding Country, p. 84.— Ed. 



64 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

office, for few or none will venture Deeds in his hands 
to be Recorded; It is a place of honour, trust and 
emolument, and deserves the service of a better man. 

You have also in the bundle D an abstract of a long 
Representation of the Assembly, relating to the State 
of the Province, it has been printed without my 
knowledge for which reason I seiz'd, in the Printing 
House, all the Copies, and suppress'd them: The 
Preamble containing a series of Reflections of past 
miscarriages and the administration of a person of 
Honour, heretofore in the Governm' 

The Acts passed by me that session are as f olloweth. 
An Act for the support of her Majesty es Government 
of New Jersey in the Bundle G as are all the others. 

Your Lordships will observe that the supply is given 
in the manner it ought to be, but by their Reading, 
The Salaries of the respective Officers of the Govern- 
ment are but small, which I hope to have remedyed 
next time. 

An Act for amending and explaining An Act of Gen- 
erall Assembly of this Province, entituled an Act for 
the Currency of Bills of Credit for £3000 The mistake 
mentioned in the Preamble of this Act, which obstructed 
the Currency of these Bills struck for the Expedition 
against Canada, are occasioned by the decease of one 
of the persons appointed to sign and issue these Bills, 
the two surviving persons not thinking themselves suf- 
ficiently authorized to doe it, chose one of the man- 
agers named in the Act for that Expedition to joyne 
with them in signing the said Bills, when, with much 
difficulty, wee had got this Bill committed, which was 
only intended to make good the publick credit. M r 
Sonmans said in the Committee that they might enact 
what they pleased, noe man should force him to take 
y m in payment; being tax'd with this Expression in 
Councill hee answered that noe man could force him 
t<> take silver money in payment, if he had a mind to 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



65 



forgive the Debt, this inclined the Councill, some of 
them having of these Bills in their hands, to add a 
clause declaring the tender and refusal of such bills 
legal payment of all debts for the value. The Assem- 
bly disagreed to this amendment. The Councill was 
told that if they had adhered the Assembly would 
upon a Conference agree, being since better Informed, 
but for that very reason they departed from it, which 
I am afraid will prove a very great hindrance to the 
currency of these Bills. 
An Act for reviving the Militia Act of this Province. 
Your Lordships will easily observe the mistake com- 
mitted in the title of y e Act, Reviving an Act which was 
not to expire 'till about a month after, soe there was 
an amendment offered in Councill to the title. These 
gentlemen said it was irregular to amend the title of 
an Act. It was replyed it might be soe but they did 
not always think soe, for but a few days before they had 
made an amendment to the title of an Act, which was 
agreed to by the Assembly, but they could not be per- 
suaded to doe it, soe I was forced to take it with this 
blunder or loose it. 

An Act for reviving and continuing the Courts of 
Common Pleas in the County of Glocester. 

This is an Act of course which Your Lordships have 
had frequently before that Court, being often discon- 
tinued for want of Justices. 

An Act for enabling the Owners of the Meadows 
and Marshes adjoining to, and on both sides of the 
Creek, that surrounds the Islands of Burlington to 
stop out the tide from overflowing them. 

This is an Act for the benefit of the Owners, and to 
noe mans prejudice. 

I am commanded by Your Lordships in Your last to 

me to send you my observations on the Acts past in 

New Jersey, during Coll. Ingoldsby's Administration. 

The first is an Act for explaining and rendring more 

5 



66 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

effectual an Act for support of Her Majesty's Govern- 
ment of Nova Caesarea. 

This Act instead of explaining the other or making 
it more effectual] indeed destroys it for it gives six 
hundred pounds of the Eight grant' 1 by the former Act 
to the Lord Lovelace, to the Lieuten 1 Governer Collonel 
Ingoldsby, who was already provided with a sallary by 
that Act. In the former Act the money is directed to 
be issued by Warrant signed by John Lord Lovelace 
in Councill, where it is indeed defective, had they ex- 
plained it by adding the words or the Com'ander in 
Chief for the time being, the title and Act had been of 
a peece, for this was most certainly the meaning of 
that act whatsoever the Letter may import, and should 
Her Majesty approve the form r , as I am apt to believe 
she will, and disapprove the latter, there appears to be 
a necessity still of an Explanatory Act, for the reasons 
above mentioned, tho' I am afraid to little purpose, for 
the behoof of that Lord's family, Collonel Ingoldsby 
not being able to repay what he has had, and I believe 
others have had their share of that sume, being led to 
that belief by a story which I must entertain your 
Lordshipps withall, and which I had from some of 
the gentlemen concerned. 

Whilst that Act of Collonel Ingoldsby was in de- 
liberation before the Councill, they thought that since 
such a sume was given to him for support of Governm 1 
they had a just title to a share of it, so before they 
would agree to pass the Act they were promised each 
a piece of plate. In the last Section whilest the Coun- 
cill had under consideration the Bill declaring the 
printed copyes of the Acts passed in the Lord Love- 
laces time of the same validity as if the originals had 
been duely in the Secretary's Office. These gentlemen 
thought it a proper season to put Collonel Ingoldsby 
in mind of their Tankerds. Hee at first huff'd and 
called names, soe that at that time the bill had like to 



1711] ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVERNOR HUNTEK. G7 

have passed, but afterwards they came to a better un- 
derstanding, and our Bill was lost. In a word my 
opinion is that the passing of this Act will not only be 
an encouragement and Precedent for appropriations 
for the future, but lead them into a way of shifting 
and altering their owne appropriations at pleasure. 

The second is an Act for ascertaining the place of the 
sitting of the Representatives to meet in general As- 
sembly. 

This Act is possitively against Her Majesties In- 
structions, directing that the Sessions should be alter- 
nately at Amboy and Burlington founded as I have 
been told upon the Concessions of the Crown at the 
surrender of the Government. 

I have formerly given Your Lordshipps my opinion 
on this matter, and acquainted you with the expedient 
I have found to compromise it, but if there be a neces- 
sity of another Assembly before I receive any directions 
from Your Lordships in that matter, I believe I shall 
call them to Amboy. This act being as I conceive, of 
an extraordinary nature, and contrary to Her Majesty's 
Instructions and consequently of no fforce untill ap- 
proved by her, and may goe a great way in making 
the breach wider, between the two Divisions. 

The third is an Act for building and repairing Goale 
Houses. 

This Act gives a power to a few to assess and leavy 
money at discretion. There is indeed a clause which 
makes them accountable, to the Justices and Free- 
holders when called thereunto, but noe penalty ap- 
pointed: By virtue of this Act they have designed a 
Court House in the remotest Corner of the County of 
Monmouth, which will be a great tax upon the people 
of that County, and was raeer party pique. 

The fourth is an Act for the better qualifying Rep- 
resentatives. 

This was levelled particularly against Captaine 



68 AinriNl^TKATroN ok <H>vi:r:KOR iU'NTKR. [1711 

ffarmer and Doctor Johnston men of the best Estates 
and ability in this Province, and who have been vrery 
active and useful] in Her Majesty's Affairs and may 
deprive us of more such, and is contrary to that Con- 
stitution of Assembly appointed by Her Majesty upon 
the surrender & confirmed by all her subsequent In- 
structions, obliging the elected to an actual residence, 
whereas the Instruction mentions, noe other qualifi- 
cation but an Estate to a certain value within the Di- 
vision. 

The fifth is an Act for dividing and ascertaining the 
Boundaries of all the Counties in this Province. The 
inhabitants generelly complaine the Countys are not 
equally and Justly divided, perticularly the Inhabit- 
ants of Middlesex, are obliged to travell twenty miles 
through the County of Somersett to repair High wayes, 
which ought properly to be the charges of the Coun- 
tyes of Somersett and Monmouth, that part of the 
County of Middlesex being a narrow slip of Land be- 
tween the Boundaries of those two Countyes, And all 
publick Roads are repaired with greater ease and less 
charge by the neighborhood. 

The sixth is an Act for ascertaining the Representa- 
tion ffees. 

In this Act by mistake or designe of the Clerk, the 
words p' diem are omitted, soe that they were entituled 
to noe more than five Shillings in the whole for their 
service, but that being remedyed in the present Act, 
for support of Government, that Act is of noe use. 

The seventh is an act for regulating ffences. 

1 have heard the men of Estates and such as are 
possessed of large Tracts of Land, complaine much of 
this Act, as putting them upon a Levell with those 
who had little or none at all nay rather in a worse con- 
dition because having larger tracts of land they have 
greater numbers of cattle, but cannot reap the benefit 
of then own pastures, their Neigh boors Cattle having 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR Hl'VTEB. 69 

graized them before. And by this Act they can Im- 
pound noe cattle, but such as breaks into their Fences. 
Whereas in many other cases there is a necessity of 
impounding those that trespass upon their other Lands. 

The eighth is an Act for amending the Act for pre- 
venting Swine running at large. 

The Act mentioned to be amended was thought a 
very good Act for y e Country, for Swine running at 
large is very pernicious to their corne. pasture, meadow 
and wood land, and occasions a great consumption of 
timber in making ffences to guard against them, soe 
that noe penalty can be too great for restraining them, 
neither will the value of the swine pay the damages 
those creatures commonly doe of which itself they are 
debarred by this Act, and have noe Recompence left 
but the pleasure of killing of them, with the trouble 
and charge of finding out the owner, which perhaps 
lives at ten or a dozen miles distance. 

The ninth is an Act for regulating of Stone horses 
or Stallions that run at large. 

Some complaine of it, but I can see noe harme in it. 

The tenth is an Act for reviving and continuing the 
Courts of Common Pleas in the County of G-locester. 

Your Lordships have already heard the meaning of 
that Act. 

These are the objections against these Acts, which 
occur to me, your Lordships are the best Judges if 
they are of validity enough for a Repeal. 

Before I leave the affaires of the Jerseys I mustbegg 
leave to acquant your Lordships with some few 
things necessary for your notice. 

As the Supream Court is now constituted all the 
Councill are Judges Assistants by which means the 
benefit of appeals may be lost, for it may soe fall out 
that soe many of the Counsellors may be upon the 
Bench, as not to leave a quorum for the Council! in 
case of appeale, seeing none that have any voice in the 



70 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

Judgement by the Instructions are permitted to vote 
in the appeals. I thought it necessary to acquaint 
your Lordships with this matter beforehand, because 
I beleive I shall be under a necessity to alter the Con- 
stitution of that Court, by assertaining the number of 
the Assistants, 

In both Provinces I have been pelted with Petitions 
for a Court of Chancery, And I have been made ac- 
quainted with some Cases, which very much require 
such a Court, there being no reliefe at common Law, 
particularly one of M r Provost, one of the Councill of 
New York who has been close prisoner almost ever 
since my arrival here having unwarily confess'd Judg- 
ment for four thousand pounds, tho' the Reall Debt is 
evidently not above four hundred. I had ordered the 
Committee of both Councills to forme a scheme for 
such a Court but to noe purpose; the trust of the 
Seales, they say, constitute a Chancellor and unless 
the Governor can part with the Seals there can be noe 
Chancellor but himself, I have already more business 
than I can attend to, besides I am very ignorant in 
Law matters, having never in my life been concerned 
in any one Suite, Soe I earnestly begg your Lordshipps 
directions, as to that Court. 

M r Mompesson finding himself obnoxious to the 
generality of the People of that Province desired to be 
excused serving any longer in the station of Chief 
Justice, soe I have supplied that place with one M r 
David Jamison, who acted formerly here as Secretary 
in this Province with great applause, and is a Man of 
knowledge and Integrity. 

* * * ****** 

I am with the deepest regard My Lords 

Your Lordships most humble 
& most obed 1 serv 1 
New York 7 ,h May 1711 Ro: Hunter 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 71 



Several Addresses and Depositions against Jeremiah 
Basse, Secretary of New Jersey 1 referred to in 
the foregoing communication of Gov. Hunter. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey. Vol. I. C 'M 100.] 

To his Excels Bob* Hunter Esq r Cap 4 Gen! 1 Gov r & 
Com'and'in Chief e of Her Maj^ s Provinces 
of New Jersey New York and y e Territo- 
ries depending thereon in America and Vice 
Admiral of y e same: 

The humble Address of y e house of Eepresenta- 
tives of this her Maj^ s Province of New 
Jersey. 

May it Please your Excel!*? 

Were not y e hon r of her Maj 1 - 8 Governm 1 & y e com'on 
safety of her subjects in this Province so deeply con- 
cern'd we should decline addressing yo[ Ex c . y ag' a per- 
son whom our most Gracious Sovereign has honored 
with her Conrission for Secr'y of this Province. 

He has from his first coming into y' same in all his 
sevl 1 Stac'ons behaved himself so very 111 y l his evi- 
dence with sev" Jurys has gained as little credit t as 
his Com'on Conversation doth with y e generality of 
Mankind so y* his name Bass and a Lye are Synoni- 
mous Terms. 

Indictm ts ag- him by a Grand Jury for some of y 
foulest Crimes puts no Stop to y e Carrier of his (Jnjusl 
& indirect Practices being supported by those Gent, 
whose Representac'ons in favour of him we hope will 
gain no more Credict with y<V Ex" than we believe 



1 For Notice of Jeremiah Basse see Vol. II. P. M- 



72 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

their foul Address ag l y? Eepresentative Body of this 
Province has done with our most good & gracious 
SoVaign. 

Wee do not pretend to enter into a detail of all M r 
Bass's Crimes but beg leave to Lay before yo r Ex cy y e 
Proofs of sev n of his Wiek'd & unjust Practices some of 
w c . h were in y e Execution of his office & appear very 
evidently To this House. One of y e Affidavits here- 
with delivered plainly shew his Intentions were to op- 
pose her Maj*? s service and prevent as much as in him 
lay y e raising a Support for her Governm- here by Re- 
flecting on & endeavouring to prevent y e Choice of 
those who were obedient to her wise & Just Com- 
mands relating to y e Canada Expedic'on & have ac- 
quitted themselves withall Fidelity in serving y' true 
Interest of y e Country they represent. 

It was a great Injustice and Malversation in his of- 
fice by Base and Wiek'd Practices to turn so many 
people out of their Possessions or oblige them to com- 
ply with y e heaviest Terms their antagonist would Im- 
pose as by y e case of sevV persons in Maidenhead & 
hopewell under his own hand doth plainly appear. 

Wee with all submission humbly begg Leave to 
acquaint yo r Ex° y That we can'ot think y c Province 
safe so long as he Continues to Execute ye sev 1 . 1 offices 
he now enjoys or y? he ought to be trusted with y e 
Public Eecords & other Instrument It being a mat- 
ter of so great Importance to prevent y c Ruin of many 
for y e futher w c ." Lays us y e Representative Body of this 
Province under a Necessity of applying to yo 1 Ex cy & 
in most humble manner earnestly pray y ! yo T . Ex cy 
would be pleased not only to deprive him of his au- 
thority till her Maj tvs pleasure shall be signify 'd in y l 
respect but y- you also will lay an acco. of y e Crimes 
of y l Person before her May 1 ? 6 or Ministers at home as 
you shall think fitt w cl1 we shall esteem & greatefully 
acknowledge amongst y e many Acts of Justice we have 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTT.K. 73 

received & do expect from yo- Ex"' s wise Adminis- 
trac'on y* y c Province for y e t'uther may be free'd from 
such uncom'on Injustice & y Fears & Terrors y Peo- 
ple in Gen" labour und- be removed, who can'oi think 
themselves safe while he either is or is like to be con- 
tinued in offices of so great Trust. 

By ord? of the House of 
Representatives 

Will: Bradford, CI. 
Burlington Feb. 6. 1710. 



The humble Address of ye Representatives of Her 
Majesty* Province of New Jersey. 

Most humbly sheweth 

That some time since we ordered some of our Mem- 
bers to Inspect y e Journals of y e Council to Inform us 
how far y e Gent, of y e Council had proceeded in rela- 
tion to y e passing of some bills not long before sent by 
this House to them for their Concurrence. Upon 
applicac'on to Mr Bass y" Clerk of y e Council such an 
Inspecc'on was denyed us pretending lie had orders 
from y e Council to warr- his Refusal than which 
nothing was more false; for no such order as we can 
learn was ever given since it was our happyness to be 
und- yo'.' Ex cys administrac'on, nor do we believe ever 
before, or if it was could not be in force now. 

We have now ordered him to lay before this House 
all y° acco t8 & Papers relateing to y" acco t8 concerning 
y e Expedicon ag'- Canada w." lie lias also refused to do, 
saying y e Corni" has ordered him not to delivere them 
to y L ' House; We beleive this pretence is most false, 
& y! he had no such ord 1 ., & if he had we desire to 
know why y c Gent, of y c Council 1 assume to them- 
selves, such a Power, for y e Papers we required were 



74 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

our Papers and should have been long since delivered 
to us. 

We think ourselves highly affronted by this proce- 
dure & humbly lay it before your Excellency Praying 
that if M!" Bass has asserted a falsehood, as we believe 
he has he may meet with an Exemplary Punishm? for 
its not to be born that y° Representatives Body should 
be Publickly Nosed by a person whose sev 1 . 1 Crimes & 
Misdemeanours deserve a Publick Censure and ag* 
whom we fear we shall be und? necessity to proceed by 
way of Impreachment. 

By order of the House of 

Representatives. 

Will Bradford CI. 
Burlington ye 111' 1 Jan r . y 1710. 

[Affidavits were appended from Richard Robins, as 
to disparaging terms used by Basse against the mem- 
bers from Salem county; and from Isaac Sharp, John 
Barclay, Thomas Gordon and George Willocks in rela- 
tion to the prejudicial course pursued by Basse in sun- 
dry legal cases in which they were interested. It was 
thought unnecessary to print them, as they merely 
substantiated the statements made in the foregoing 
addresses.— Ed.] 



Several Papers complaining of Maladministration in 
the Courts of Justice in New Jersey, and of Judge 
Pinhorns refusing Writs of Habeas Corpus &c" 
referred to in Col: Hunters Letter of 7 May 1711. 

Thomas Farmer aged about thirty Six years being 
Solemnly sworn upon y c holy Evangelists of Almighty 
God doth depose that on, or about the twelfth of May 
Anno Dm. 1708, Thomas Gordon Esq": then Speaker of 



17111 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 75 

y° House of Representatives of Her Maj*? 8 Province of 
New Jersey being arrested by Hugh Huddy Esq c then 
Sherriffe of y e County of Burlington after y e Assembly 
was ajourned, A little time after MV Gordon did desire 
this Depont to go to Judge Pinhorn and make Apply- 
cac'on on behalfe of said M r Gordon for an habeas Cor- 
pus to be admitted to baile, and accordingly this 
Depon' did apply to William Pinhorn Esq*: then Second 
Judge of y e Supreame Court of said Province, that at 
y e desire of Mr Gordon he would please grant him an 
habeas Corpus to be brought before him in Ord^ to be 
Admitted to baile. To w^ 1 Judge Pinhorne answered, 
that he must ap'ly by his CounlL at Law, this Depon' 
replyed, he believed he might do it by his freind, and 
used sevli arguments to that Effect but could not pre- 
vaile, with wf? this Depon- Acquainted Mr Gordon who 
Imployed John Pinhorn Attorney at Law and Next 
Morning was Admitted to baile and further saith not. 




Jurat Decimo Die Feb 1 ? 
Anno Dni 1710 Coramme 
Rob t Wheeler Justice. 



The Case of Thomas Gordon Esq r 

The case of Thomas Gordon N? 5 

About the year 1703, Thomas Gordon Esq r was by 
the Proprietors of y e Eastern Division of New Jersey 
Commissionated their Register or Recorder, on y e 25* 



76 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

of August 1705. My Lord Cornbury & his Councill 
made an Order that s? Thomas Gordon then y e Pro- 
prietors Record 1 should deliver all y Public Bookes 
Records papers &c. In his hands to Jeremiah Bass 
Secretary of said Province, with w c !' ord r said Mr Bass 
served M r Gordon at Shrewsberie In Monmouth Coun- 
ty & required him to Comply therewith to \v ch W 
Gordon answered y e Records &c. were at Amboy, so 
could give no positive answere till he came there, on 
which M 1 -' Gordon, was by Cap- Andrew Bown, then 
one of her Maj 1 ™ Councill Com'itted to y e Sheriffs Cus- 
tody, where he remained till he gave £2,000, Baile 
to answer y e Govr & Councill at Amboy y e 4*!' of Octo r 
following, the Assembly being then to meet there, at 
\v ch time M-' Gordon was very much threatned & 
abused by My Lord Cornbury for refuseing to deliver 
said Records According to said Order of Councill to 
w c !' M 1 Gordon Answered he could not with honesty & 
Justice deliver them, till y e Proprietors had notice. 
And after ye Proprietors had been severall times heard 
before y e Gov'. & Councill they were at Last delivered 
by Ordr of y ,; Councill to M r Bass. 

At the Supreame Court at Burlington, In May 17<»7. 
M r Gordon was suspended from practising as an \i 
torney at Law without any Cause Assigned. 

In February L706 M'.' Gordon being Informed thai 
warrants were Issued out for Apprehending of him, 
he writt to M' Shipheard who was then A Justice of 
y e Peace, that if he would admitt him to baile he would 
give baile for what sume he Pleased to answere every 
thing that could or should be Objected against him, to 
w' 1 ' M' Shipheard sent no answere till February 1707 
And then he sent him notice, that he had procured 
Liberty to Admitt him to baile, ec Accordingly he gave 
baile Immediately and at May Court LT08, at Burlington 
he Appeared & was discharged by Proclamation noth- 
ing Appearing Against him, and within three days 



lTJi") AJJlflNISTRAftOtf OF GOVERNOB EUNTER. 7T 

after y e Court, the Assembly Satt at Burlington and 
Mr Gordon was Chosen Speaker In y c Roome of Mr Jin- 
nens who was then sick, and within three Days after 
that y e Assembly was Ajourned & Abount halfe an 
houre after y L ' Ajournemet of it M r Gordon was againe 
com'itted by My Lords own warrant upon y' same 
pretence for w''. h he had been discharged by the Su- 
preame Court but Six days before, and was kept by y e 
Sherriff fifteene houres In custody & when he Applied 
by his ffriends Thomas Farmer Esq 1 to Judge Pinhome 
for A Habeas Corpus, he was derived till he should 
apply by his Councill at Law, on w°. h M- Gordon was 
forced to Imploy Cap* Pinhorne y e Judges son (there 
being no other Attornies then in Towne) to procure 
him his Habeas Corpus, for which he paid thirtie Shil- 
lings notwithstanding he Drawed y e Writs himselfe, 
and was Admitted to baile and Appeared, at y e next 
Supreame Court at Amboy In November LY08 where 
he was againe discharged by Proclamation nothing 
Appearing against him Continued still suspended to y e 
great Loss & ruin of himselfe and numerous family 
(having a wife & seaven small children & no other 
way to maintain them) untill y e happy arrival of My 
Lord Lovelace In December 170s who Admitted him 
Againe to practise y e Law as formerly. 







For u Notice of Mr. Gordon See Vol II.. p. 10G -Ed. 



78 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 



Letter from Governor Hunter of Neiv Jersey to Secre- 
tary S l Johns — recommending John Kiel for Sur- 
veyor General of New Jersey. 

[From America and West Indies, Vol. C] 

New York 7th May 1711. 

s: 

Having acquainted my Lord Dartmouth with the 
unhappy state of her Maj ty ' s Governm* here, I will not 
trouble you with particulars only beg your Concurrence 
towards a Remedy. 

If I am a Sufferer I have that to Comfort me that I 
suffer in and for the Service of the Best of all Princes 
who has alredy relieved me from greater difficulties 
these. 

I gave you the trouble of a line by John Kiel. I 
recommended him to you for an Imployment which is 
indeed an handsom one, but of fatigue and labour, 
that was the Secretarys Office of the Jerseys. I un- 
derstood afterwards from himself that he had a mind 
to ask for another that of Surveyor Gen 11 of this di- 
vision. Had I known when he went over what I now 
know, I would have made it my earnest request to put 
him into that office, for M 1 Birchfield the Gentleman 
who was put into that office when I had the Honour 
of the Government has taken it into his head which 
I'm afraid is not very sound to make Every body and 
everything uneasy here as I have at large informed 
Commissioners of the Customs. No man can better- 
Execute that office than John Kiel. I need not tell 
you so, but being incouraged by the generous and kind 
reception I have ever had from you, I venture to rec- 
ommend my friends with myself to your Patronage. 
I shall endeavour in the Post I have the honor to pos- 
sess to acquit myself to the best of my Capacity and 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 79 

power for her Maj ty ' s Service and Interests, and then I 
shall have a better title 'tis impossible to have a better 
inclination to be accounted 

S r 

Your most Faithfull and 
Most Humble Servant 
New York Ro: Hunter. 

May 7 th 1711. 
The R l Hono ble M r Sec ry S l Johns 



Address of the Assembly of New Jersey to Governor 
Hunter, against M'. Hall, one of the Councill of 
New Jersey, Judge of the Inferior Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, &e a , with M r . Halls Answer. [En- 
closed in the foregoing letter.] 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. I, C 93.] 

To His Excellency Rob? Hunter Esq r Cap' 

Generall & Governour in Cheife of y e 

Provinces of New Jersey and New York 

&c. 

The Humble Address of y e Gen n Assembly of 

said Province of New Jersey. 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That we y e Representatives of this her Maj 1 ? 8 Colony 
of New Jersey find our selves under a Necessity of 
Addressing your Excellency Against William Hall 
Esq r one of her Maj tJ .' s Council & Judge of y e Inerior 
Court of Coraon Pleas for y e County of Salem, who 
has Appeared to this house to be guilty of High Crimes 
& Misdemeanures, w c . h need not be aggravated by us, 
they appearing so plain that we can't think Her Maj'- 3 
Subjects safe In either their Liberties or properties 



SO ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR IH'NTER. [1711 

while he is continoued In power to Oppress them at 
Pleasure. 

We therefore herewith lay before your Excellency 
y e Matters of facts with y e prooffs & Humbly pray 
yo- Excell cy to remove him from all places of profitt 
and Trust within this Province. 

By order of the House 

Will: Bradford 01. 

Articles of y e sev u Crimes & Misdemeanurs 
Exhibitted by y e Representatives of her 
Maj^ s Colony of New Jersey mett in Gen" 
Assembly ag l William Hall Esq 1 * one of her 
Maj^ s Councill, and Judge of y e Inferior 
Court of Com'on Pleas of y e County of 
Salem. 

That William Hall afores d hath Extorted & taken 
sev 1 . 1 unjust & Unwarrantable fees at sev' 1 times from 
sev 1 . 1 persons prosecuted before y e Court of Gen 1 . 1 Quar- 
ter Sessions, and the Inferior Court of Com'on Pleas 
for s? County of Salem. 

That one Thomas Barlett who by Virtue of A Hue 
& Cry for Theft was brought before s d Hall, And by 
him & others threatned with being prosecuted for 
Fellony unless he would bind himself e by Indentuie to 
Serve one Simion Morgan for three yeares, the feare 
of w . 1 " prosecuc'on made' s d Barlett Comply & by In- 
denture bind himselfe to serve y. e s d Morgan, on w c " 
y?s? Barlett was by Hall discharged out of Custody. 

That one Francis Godbolt & Ann his wife were also 
by said Hue & Cry brought before said Hall & William 
Dare an other of her Maj tl08 Justices of y e peace, The 
s d Godbolt was threatned by them, that there would 
be Burglary sworn ag' them, and through feare thereof 
s d Godbolt consented to bind himself by Indenture 



1711 J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 81 

(but not his wife) with w c . h s' 1 Justices not being satis 
fyed, y e s (1 Godbolt & Ann his wife, were by them 
(upon prooffs & confession of their Theft) com'itted to 
y e Goal of y e said County by y e s rt mV Hall & Cap! 
Dare untill delivered by due course of Law where they 
remained for sev" days untill they were admitted to 
Baile by M r Hall onely, and y e prosecutor Morgan be- 
came their surety, who sometime after delivered them 
up 'to s? Hall, for that he would be no longer bound 
for them, whereupon y e s- 1 Hall, discharged them with- 
out any further prosecution. 

That sometime afterward s a Godbolt was by s' 1 Hall 
sold aboard of a New England Sloop & transported 
out of y e Province the woman at y e same time con 
tin ouing servant to said Hall. 

That one John Reeve having lost foure Barrels of 
flower. Said Hall took them up adrift In Delaware 
River near Glocester, and sold y e same In Morris 
River, and denyed y u haveing or knowing of it both 
before & after he had sold it, but at Last y e man come- 
ing to y e knowledge of his mower said Hall paid him 
for it. By Order of the House 

Will Bradford CI. 

[Accompanying the foregoing are the following doc- 
uments: 

—Commitment of Francis Godbolt and his wife to 
Salem county Jail dated February 10th, 1709-10. 

-Memorandum of Recognizance of Francis God 
bolt Anne Godbolt and Simon Morgan in 40£ each, for 
the appearance Anne Godbolt at the next Court of 
Quarter Sessions for Salem County, Hated February 
20th 1709-10 

-Memorandum of Recognizance of Francis GodboH 
and Simon Morgan in 4<>£ each, for the appearance of 
the former at the next Court of Quarter Sessions, 
dated February 2< >th, 1 7< >9- 1 < ». 
6 



82 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

Memorandum of the surrender of Godbolt and of 
Morgans discharge in consequence, dated March 13th 
1709-10.] 

The Answer of W m Hall Esq* to y e Arti- 
cles of y e sev 11 Crimes & Misdeameanors 
Exhibitted by the Kepresentatives of her 
Maj ties Colony of New Jersey met in Gen" 
Assembly ag* W m Hall Esq.' one of her 
Maj ties Coimcill & Judge of y e Inferior Court 
of Com'on pleas of y e County of Salem 

To His Excell cy Rob 1 ' Hunter Esq r Cap 1 Gen 1 . 1 
Gov r in Cheife in & over y e Provinces of 
New Jersey New York & all y e Territories 
& Tracts of Land depending thereon in 
America & Vice Adm" of y e Same &c 

May H Please yo' Excell cy 

The first Article Charges me with Extorting and 
taking sev! 1 & unwarrantable fees at sev!' times from 
sev! 1 persons prosecuted before y c Court of Gen! 1 Quarter 
Sessions and y e Inferior Court of Com'on pleas for said 
County of Salem, and there are three bills of Cost 
taxed by me produced as Evidences to prove that 
Charge. To w ch I answer; that I am not yett Sensible 
<>t' any mistake much less Extorcon in y" first, but 
can very well Justify it by y e Ordinances for y e Regu- 
lac'on of fees. In y'' two others if there be any mis- 
take in y c fees I have taxed for my self e it is but five Shil- 
lings in each one of w c . h I restored as soon as I was 
made sensible of my error. And by the other, tho' I 
might be mistaken in y* taxac'on, yet no person is 
wronged, since I have not yet rec'ed one farthing of 
y" whole, and if any had thought himselfe aggrived. 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BUNTER. 83 

the proper remedy would have been to have made his 
Applicac'on to y e Court, to have had v" same reviewed 
& Settled by y e Court. 

The whole Second Article appears a Confused dream, 
there never haveing been anything like what is in- 
serted in The Charge. w ch is wholy false, incoherent & 
inconsistant with itself it concludes with my Dis 
charging Bartlett out of Custody. Whereas he was 
never Com'itted, And an unintelligible Jumble is made 
of Indentures, of felony, and threats, Whereas y e 
truth of y e matter is, that y e s- 1 Bartlett was indebted 
to y e s' 1 Morgan in a considerable sum' for money Lent 
by y e s' 1 Morgan to y e s'. 1 Bartlett to Release him out of 
Goal at New Castle, and I am greatly in jur'd by y e false 
insinuation that by threats of Prosecuting him for 
felony induced him to indent with Morgan, whereas y* 
Debt paid for y e s- 1 Bartlett being to y e best of my Re 
membrance 12 or lf> pounds was the ground and foun- 
dation of his becoming bound to y e s' 1 Morgan. That 
there was a Hue & Cry granted against said Bartlett 
for theft upon y e Complaint of Morgan is true but when 
he was brought before me upon y e same Morgan declar'd 
and it appeared that he had nothing to charge him with, 
for what was found belonging to Morgan was in y" 
bundle of Godbolt's wife: And was Valued at 1<>" P. 

Morgan who Claim'd y c same being (as it was 
Termed in y e Accusation) a Childs Cap. 

As to y e Attestation of Benj" Wright upon w c ." this 
Article seems to be grounded, its Untrue in sev" parts: 
he is first pleased to put me under a Double name 
Will'! 1 Hall, otherwise Call'd George Trenchant sen! 
whereas T deny that 1 ever went by any other name 
nor was ever called otherwise then W m Hall, But by 
this attestac'on. 

SECONDLY y" s'! Wright Affirms that Morgan com 
plained that Barlett & Francis Godbolt two Persons 
that were undertakers with him to clear a peice of 



84 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

ground for me had got all their pay, and y c work not 
half compleated were run away. Whereas y" s" Bartlett 
never undertook with y e s'? Morgan & Godbolt to Cleare 
any Ground for me as Appeares by y e Articles them- 
selves. 

And y e insinuation in y e s^ Attestac'on that y u Hue 
& Cry was granted after y e s^ person for that Reason 
is utterly false. 

A further false insinuation is that a bagg or bundle 
w c . h they had was open'd & Search'd & there was a 
Childs Cap own'd by Morgans wife, Whereas y e same 
if with Reference to Barlett is untrue for he had 
nothing to do with y e bundle. 

That suggestion that I put y e Question to Bartlett 
that if he would Indent with Simon Morgan to serve 
him three years he should not be prosecuted, and that 
he complid Accordingly, is Intirely false, I never put 
any such Question to Barlett, and y e Compliance of * 
Bartlett to Morgan, to becom his Servant, was att New 
Castle upon y e Score of Debt, which Morgan paid for 
him to release him out of Goal there, as has been 
before intimated to yo r Excellency, and before I had 
any Opportunity of takeing any Examination . 

The third Article contains y e same false insinua- 
c'ons with y e former; as if Godbolt consented to bind 
himselfe by Indentures to Morgan to Escape a prose- 
cution for Burglary Whereas there was no such thing 
ever mentioned : but the Reason of his being bound by 
Indenture to Morgan was for Debt owing from God- 
bolt to Morgan: and y e close of y e Article that I dis- 
charged him without any further prosecution is utterly 
false for he still Continues bound over upon his own 
Recognizance. 

The Fourth Article The Matter was truely Thus. 
The said Godbolt being in Debted to me y c sum' of six 
pounds at y e request of y e s d Godbolt I accepted of y e 
payment of six pounds from one wells in full satisfac- 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 8-3 

tion & Discharge of an Indenture from y e s rt Godbolt 
Assigned over to me from Morgan for y e terme of two 
years service: And y e s? Godbolt voluntarily entered 
into New Termes & Covenants with y e s' 1 Wells for six 
months, the woman continueing some time a Serv' to 
me until 1 she had wrought out a farther debt of about 
40?, was then discharged, has been at her own disposal 
ever since, And still Continues at Salem. 

As to y e unworthy reflections Endeavour'd to be 
thrown Upon me by y e Fifth Article, that matter has 
been heard before y e Hoirable Coll. Quary Judge of 
y e Admirallty who I doubt not but will Vindicate my 
Reputation therein, and as to some Expressions in 
Reevs his affidavitt. think it a full Justification of my 
Selfe to say that I know not what Answer was made 
him when he called aboard my Sloop, as he said he 
did, haveing neither heard him call'd, much less given 
any answer, being fast a Sleep in y e Cabbin when tins 
pretended fact happened. The flower was taken up by 
Thomas Jacobs Master of my sloop, who Reevs himself 
in his deposition ownes to have made y e answer from 
my Sloop, and accordingly y e same deposition declares, 
that y c s? Jacob gave security for three pounds w oh was 
afterwards paid for y e s (1 flower, and y e other three 
pound Tenn paid by me was also for y e Remainder of 
s' 1 flow r er sold by y e s- 1 Jacobbs. 

As to y e Address of y e Gen" Assembly it is very won- 
derfull to find this Expression That they should find 
themselves under a Necessity of Addressing your Ex- 
cellency upon such false grounds and trifling Acca- 
sions, And without referring y e matter to a Com'ittee 
& having it there inquir'd into and Reported, as y e 
Method of proceeding in parliam* require or soe much 
as hearing what I had to say in my Justify cacon t<> 
form so hasty a Judgern^ upon me as to Declare that 
it has appear'd to that house that I was guilty of high 
Crimes & Misdeameanors w ch need not be aggravated by 



86 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR tftTNTER. [17ll 

them, they appearing soe plain that they cannot think 
her Maj tie8 Subjects safe either in their libertys or 
properties whilst 1 am continu'd in power to oppress 
them at pleasure; 

This Sort of Language from an Assembly, who 
(Right to be as Tender & tenacious of y e Lyberties & 
properties of her Maj u f s Subjects as of their lives, must 
need seem very surprizing to yo 1 -' Ex c ?' can there be a 
greater violation of those inestimable Jewells, Lyberty 
oc property then to be Arain ea try'd condemned, and 
execuc'on pray'd without being heard, the Evidence 
confronted or y e Accusac'on Legally prov'd? if this be 
allowable In what do we differ from y e most Arbitrary 
Governm' or what becomes of our Justly boasted priv- 
iledge, of Jurys both Grand & petty, and that no 
Evidence shall be allow'd but what is upon oath de- 
liver'd in Court, the Accused being present that he 
may make what Objections he iinds necessary there- 
unto & ask even y e Evidences what questions he shall 
think necessary for his Vindication. 

The Parliem! in England, may it Please yo 1 Ex- 
cell'?', proceed not soe, but if they find themselves 
obliged to take notice of Grivences neither Judge, 
much less Condemn, but pray that y e Attorney Gen! 1 
may be Com'anded to prosecute, that j c . Accused, may 
have all y e Liberty y"' Laws allows, and not be sen- 
tenced untill Legally convicted. It must be left to 
yo' Ex'." prudence how safe either y e Libertys or prop- 
perties of her Maj tys Subjects are under such pro- 
cedure. 

Your Excellency will please to observe from what 
I have been obliged to trouble you with, how severaly 
but yet unjustly y f s' 1 Articles load me. And that y e 
pretended Crimes & Misdemeanours, even when they 
are Endeavoured to be forc'd up to y' e night, if they 
were as true, as they are false, amount to noe more 
than y'' Value of Ten Pence, a sum so mean that it 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 81 

ought to be below y e Observation of y e General Assem- 
bly of a whole Province & not worthy to build an Ad- 
dress to yo'' Excellency upon. 

Wherefore I have no Doubt but your Excels will 
be fully satisfyed of my Innocency, acquit me of* any 
imputac'on of Oppression the s d Articles & Address 
would Cast upon me, disreguard y e prayer thereof and 
thereby discourage such irregular, unwarrantable. & 
unpresidented proceedings, w cl1 Can only tend to dis- 
courage Officers of y e Go vernm- from doeing their duty 
must distroy y e Peace of our County & a gap to in- 
numerable inconveniences that must necessarily fol- 
low from such sort of Proceedings. 

I am 

Your Excellency Most Humble 

and Most Obedient Servant 

W M Hall. 



Memorial from the Assembly of New Jersey to Gover- 
nor Hunter—relating to the perversions of Justice 
in the Courts of Law, enclosed in foregoing tetter. 

(From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey, Vol. I. C. 99.] 

A Memoriall from y e House of Representatives 
of y e Province of New Jersey, sitting at Bur- 
lington, To his Excellency The Governour 
&c: Setting forth some few Instances how 
Justice has been perverted In the Court of 
Law, and divers guilty persons Escaped 
with Impunity. 

May it Please yo'. Excellency 

Att the Supreame Court November Terme 1708 Pel er 
Sonmans Esq r one of her Maj'? 8 Councill & a Judge of 
y e s? Court, & Judge of y e Inferior Court of Pleas In 



88 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

y e County of Mid'x: was Indict'd by Grand Jury of 
Mid'lx: for Perjury and Adaltrie. 

Jeremiah Bass Esq'.' Secretary^ &c: was Indicted for 
Pei'jury & Forgery 

May Bickley Gent, was Indicted for Barratrie. 

Jacob Arents was Indicted for taking M r John Bar- 
clay on Whit Sunday as he was acoming out of y e 
Church from y e Holy Communion. Elizabeth Arnald 
Late Servant to Samuel Jennens was then alsoe In- 
dicted for Adultry with said Sonmans who still Con- 
tinous with their bastard at his house In Perth Am- 
boy. 

The next Supream Court being May Terme was held 
at Burlington Before August Terme 1709. The Sher- 
rifT of Midl'x: received from y e Attorney Gen' 1 Veniries 
for Sumoning of Juries & Subpoenas for Evidences to 
try y° above mentioned persons upon y e s d Indictm ,s all 
w c . h writts were made returnable at y e s d Supreame 
Court to be held at Perth Amboy y e If 1 Tuesday of 
August, but y e l? 1 Day of y e s? Term was not till y e Sec- 
ond Tuesday of the Said Month. 

The then Sheriffe W. Adam Hudd [Hude] returned 
All y e s? writts to y e Attorney Gen- 1 at Burlington & 
Acquainted him with y° mistake & to obviate all ob- 
jections desired they might be amended. The Attorney 
Gen' 1 altered y e time of y e return of All y e s a writts to 
y e Second Tuesday & Sent them back to M r Hudd, but 
when y e Juries & Evidences were all ready at that 
August Court to try y e Indictm- S it was Objected that 
non of y e s (1 writs had been touched with y e Seal by M! 
Bass. After they had been Altered, so All the tryals 
were put of, w cl1 may be presumed to be done with de- 
signe, as will appeare by what followes. that they did 
not Like to have Juries Empanelled by M- Hudd then 
Sherriffe. 

New Veniries & Subpoenas were sent to S? M- Hudd 
by y e Attorney Gen 11 before November Terme 170!) and 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 89 

y e Juries & Evidences were Sum'oned & ready at y e 
Court to try y e st Indictm 1 . 8 , but then at that Court M r 
Barefoot Brumson produced A Com'ission for Sheriff 
tho' ye former Sherriffs time had not expired by all 
most three months & no objection had been made 
against him In y e Execution of his Office. 

The Court would not take upon them to determine 
w ch of the Sherriffs ought to Act & drilled y e Matter a 
long without determining w eh Sheriffe Should till the 
Last day of the terme when All y e Juries were dis- 
charged by y e Court and then y' s '! ( Ynirt did accept y e 
returnes of writts made by the Said Adam Hudd by 
w ch proceedings none of y e Aforementioned Indict- 
ments could be then tryed. 

Before May Terme 17 H>. A bundle of Veniries for 
Suin'oning of Juries & Subpoenas for Evidences to try 
y s ( - Indictments were sent open to y e Post Office at 
Amboy directed to Said Sonmans & by said Barefoot 
Brumson then Sheriff of Midd'x: A Jury was prepared 
who tried y e s ( ! Actions at Burlington \" ' s' 1 Last May 
Terme w c . h Jury may be reasonably presumed to be 
pick and packed on purpose. Cap- Bond y' Storekeeper 
In New York Fort was brought Down & made one of 
them a person who has been known to be made use of 
as a Surveyor by a pretended power from s (l Sonmans 
;it whose House y e Last Sumer y e s'. 1 Elizabeth Arnald 
was brought to bed of another bastard & who also 
claims y e being a freeholder In y' s'.' County of Midd'x: 
by A title derivd from said Sonmans. 

The Evidences whose Names were Indorsed upon 
y e Indictm* 8 were not Subpcened, so that All y'Crim 
inalls Escaped without punishment for their faults & 
detestable wickedness & reasonably may be supposed 
by A Combination of those whose Duty it was to have 
punished them. 



90 ADMINISTRATION Or GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

A nswer of M r Basse Secretary of New Jersey to a Rep- 
resentation of M'- George Willocks against him. 

(I- rom P. H. O. B. T.. New .Jersey. Vol. 1. C. 103.1 

To his Excellency Robert Hunter Esq 1 " General 
and Governor in Chief in and over her 
Majesty's Provinces of New Jersey New 
York and all the Territories and Tracts of 
| Land f\ Depending thereon in America and 
Vice Admiral of the Same &c. 

The Answer of Jeremiah Bass, Secretary of her 
Majesty's Province of New Jersey and Clerk of her 
Majesty's Conncill. 

To a Defamatary Paper Entituled &c a Representa- 
tion of the hardships that George Willcoks of Perth 
Amboy in the Said Province &c Hath and doth Labour 
under by the Injustice of Jer Bass Esq r Secretary Clerk 
of the Supream Court &c In the Execution of his 
Office are hereby Offer'd to the Consideration of the 
jj on bie j 10use Dv t} ie s <i George Willocks. 

May it Ptease Yo 1 l Excetlency 

Injustice is never without Some pretence to Palliate 
her Actions and rather then faile will Masque her Self 
Under the Couler of the Publick Good; Envie is Ever 
[ . . . \ ... | and Uneasy never pleased but in C'ontrive- 
ing and perfecting Mischief e. The wicked Like the 
Troubled Sea always Casting up Mire and Dirt Uneasy 
to themselves and always Troublesome to Others, to 
whome this Charecter is Due will plainly appeare to 
Yo! Excellency by the s' 1 Representation which is so 
untrue and Malitious in all its parts that it would 
Justly be wondred at how any Dar'd So farr to Pre- 
sume upon Yo' Excellency and the house of Repre- 



1711) ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BUNTER. 9] 

sentatives as to Offer Such a Lible; if any Other but 
M r Willocks had been the Author thereof. But as it is 
Imposible to Gather Grapes from Thornes soe can it 
not be Expected that Ought-Else but Rancor Splean 
and falshood Should Come ffrom that Gentleman who 
has for many Years appear'd to the Province to be 
made up of Nothing Else, and even Long before the 
Surrender of the Government to her Maj- U ' hath been 
one of the Chief Firebrands and Contrivers of all the 
Discords Divisions and Great Disorders of this poor 
Province, and as if he took a Pride in Braveing the 
Laws Complains of Imaginary hardships when In 
Truth one of the Greatest to the Province, Is that a 
.\<>ii Juror who Publickly professes to be Soe and Tel- 
leth Others who take the Oaths as by Divers Laws 
Establisht That they are Damn'd and that if there be 
a hotter place in Hell than another they may be sun' 
itt will fall to their Lott for So Doing is thus permit- 
ted to Abuse and Vilifie the Officers of the Goverment; 
But that Yo- Excellency may be Rightly Informed I 
will take Notice of Every Article In the Said Repre- 
sentation and make a full and plaine Answer thereto. 
The first Clause Yo- Excellency will please to Observe 
Is so Generall as Renders it Impossible to be An- 
swer'd Nor Indeed Deserves any, being Grounded only 
on the Information of his Attorney; That lie ever had 
any Such Information appears not and may very well 
be Doubted Since it is highly Reasonable to Suppose 
his Attorney would Long ago have Complained to the 
Court if he thought any Injury had been Done his 
Clyent, If M r Willocks had Mentioned all or any of 
these Articles Cutt of and Usually Allowed to Others 
in the Like Cases I doubt not but I could have Justi- 
fyM what I did but the whole being Intirely false 1 1 i< 
no wonder he uses Generall (Dolosus Versatur in 
Generalibusi were the Said Bill to be Retax'd by the 
p sent Ordinance it would not amount to above £13:- 



92 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

9s: 5d. which is 20s less than it was Tax'd at; To Give 
Yo? Excellency a Further Instance of the Unreason- 
abless of this Complaint I must beg Leave to Inform 
Y r - Excellency that my Own Fees in that Cause 
amounting only to £2: 2s: 2d and are not Yet paid me 
though the whole Costs have been Long Since paid to 
the Said Willocks or his Attorney; I must Likewise 
Observe a further Demonstration of the untruth of 
this Charge that after a Strict Examination of the Bills 
of Costs taxed and the time of Taxing that Doe Re- 
maine in my Office, I doe not find one Civill Cause 
Taxed that had been tryed proceeding this Cause Con- 
sequently the Allegation that Divers Articles which are 
Usually Allowed to Others in y e Like Case must be 
utterly false. 

The Second Article being a matter forreigne and 
Containing no Charge against me I shall Trouble Yo r 
Ex cy with no Answer thereunto. 

The third Article as farr as it relates or Seems to 
Charge me is in all its parts the very Reverse of Truth 
It was by No pretended but Real Rule and Order of 
Court that a Special Jury ought to have been Struck 
in the Cause In the S'- Article Mentioned which I pre- 
sume to Trouble Yo r Excellency with is in these words: 

Die Sabbat 10"': May 17<>7: Supream Court p'sent 
The hon b ? e Roger Mompesson Esq 1 Chief Justice. 
William Pinhorne (_ Robert Quary ) t^ q rs 
Dan 1 -. 1 - Coxe. ) Daniel Leeds j" h ^ 

Governner ) 

ves y Ejectment at the Demise of Peter Son- 
Willocks ) mans Esq r 

On the motion of M'' Bicklay pro Que , that if Issue 
be Joyned in this Cause there may be a Speciall Jury 
Struck. 

Order'd that the Sheriffe of middlesex Doe returne 
the Freeholders Book to the Secretary in three months 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 93 

that both partys have Notice to Attend and that forty 
Eight be taken out of the Said Book by the Secretary 
Twenty four of which are to be Struck out by the 
Plaintiff e and Deffendant or their Attorneys and the 
first Twelve that Appeare of the Remaining Twenty 
four to try the Cause; Ml' Walker the then Sheriff e being 
Served with the Above Rule Returned me the Free- 
holders Book very few of which whither knowing or un- 
knowing Understanding English or not and Whether 
under the Direction of the Said Peter Sonmans and 
Friends to him or not, I was a Stranger to and Conse- 
quently Could use no partiality, That in Complyance 
to the Rule I did not pick but took Eight and Forty 
Names Indeferently as they Come to my hand which 
at the Desire of M- Bickley Attorney for M r Sonmans 
I sent to York where the Said Bickley wrote me and 
the Attorney of the Other Side would Consider of the 
List and Strick the Jury but M r Emet the Attorney for 
the Other Side [of ?] Bickley Disagreeing the List was 
Return'd to me Some time before the Court and no 
Jury Struck, Whereupon M r George [...?...] also 
Attorney for M 1 ' Sonmans took a Sumons from me to 
[..?..] the Other Side to attend at Office in Amboy 
in Order to [ . . i . . j the s; 1 Jury as was directed by 
the Above -Rule, But the Other Side not Attending 
Nothing was done of which Complaint was made ti- 
the Court by M." Bickley and M' George wherupon the 
following Rule was made — 

Die Jovis: 6V November 1/T07: At a Supream Court 
p r sent 

The hon b : le Roger Mompesson Chief Justice— 
William Pinhorne / Coll: Townley. 
Daniel Coxe j 

On the motion of M r George, < >rder'd that a Speciall 
Jury be Struck in this Cause that is that the Sheriffe 
of the County of Middlesex and Somersett doe Attend 



04 ADMINISTRATION OF GOV ERNOR H I'NTER. [1711 

the Prothonotary with the Freeholders Book and that 
the Plaintiffe and the Deffendant or their Attorneys 
doe Attend : That the Prothonotary take the Book and 
Opening of it Doe take the Names in Order as they 
Stand Untill forty Eight be taken out in the presence 
of all the Said Party s and then that the Attorneys or 
the persons themselves Strick out Each of them Twelve 
the Plaintiffe beginning first &the Remaining Twenty 
four to be Eeturned by the Sheriffe. 

I utterly Deny that any Partiality and Un justice as 
is Falsely Alledged appear'd to the Court against me 
and must appeale to the Gentlemen who were Judges 
of Court and are present In Town for proof e; and Yo' 
Excellency will Evidently See by Above Rule that it 
was not any partiality and Injustice in Me as is falsely 
Alledged that Delayed the Tryall but the Disobedience 
of M' Willocks Attorney to the first Rule which 
Obliged M- Sonmans his Attorney to Obtain the Sec- 
ond Rule whereby the Attorneys on both Sides were 
Commanded to Attend hi Order to have a fair Jury; 
And I dare further appeate to the Sheriffs who Served 
for those years that these Causes were Commenced in. 
who I am Sure must Doe me the Justice to Say that I 
neither Directly nor Indirectly advised or intermeddled 
in the Choice or Return of any Jury in tjiese or any 
Other Causes. 

As to what relates to the Letter of Attorney of Had- 
den 1 doe not Remember or believe that any body 
Came to me to Demand the Said Copy but if W Wil- 
locks had Mentioned both the Person and Place and 
lime It would have refreshed my memory that] might 
have given a fuller Account thereof; But I am very 
Sure I had not nor Could have any Designe of Defeat- 
ing the Said Willocks and all Others of what they had 
purchased by virtue of that power And [hope Yo' Ex- 
cellency will allow me to he the hest Judge of my Own 
Intentions. 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 95 

If I refused the Recording Haddons Release as I 
know not Weither I did or not till Desir'd by Capt 1 
Hamilton it must only Proceed from my Diffidence of 
being paid by the Person that Owned it but Since it 
was Done as he Owns in the Said Article I think that 
Accusation might have been Spared and the Carrying 
over the Records out of the Western Division and Cap' 
Hamiltons Orriginal Will from Burlington to Amboy 
in Ml" Hudelys Waggon for which Books there was no 
Other Occation but to Serve him at that Tryall and of 
which the Charges are not to this Day Repaid me 
might have Given me Just Grounds to Expect better 
Treatment then so False and Malitious an Accusation, 
but if it Should be granted as I doe not that I Did 
Refuse to Record Haddons Release having as I have 
Shewn already soe much reason to Doubt whither 1 
should be paid for my Labour; I cannot Devise how 
M 1 Willocks Conclusion Can from thence be Drawn 
(Viz 1 ) That it was Done with an Intention to Defeat 
him of the Benefitt of the Said Release and upon the 
Ensueing Tryall Because its Being Recorded or not 
add no Strength to the Release nor Could the Record 
of it have been produced as Evidence whilst the Origi- 
nal it Self was in Being and in his own Custody. 
What Ml" Willocks means by these words (M'. Bass 
Sent out pretended Copys of the Last Mentioned Rule 
to the Sheriffe of Middlesex Defendent &c) to attend 
at Burlington the striking of the The Special] Jury; I 
protest to To- Excellency I know not being unintelli- 
gable I own that I rec? ffrom M' Norton a parcel 1 of 
Loose papers Carelessly tyed together which M : Wil- 
locks is pleased to Call the Freeholders Book but that 
the Sheriffe Sent it to me I doe not know Nor that the 
said M r Norton was his Deputy, on the Contrary .M 
Norton Said he was not but was only Desired to Leave 
those papers with me how much that Looks like a 
Freeholders Book I need not tell Yo r Excellency Your 



96 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

Excellency having Seen it and it Yett being Eeady to 
be produced when Required and when the Said Norton 
1 nought the Said Book as it is Called, I very well 
Remember I looked on it and told the Said Norton 
that I could not Accept of that as a freeholders Book 
for it was not Soe being Irregular and Containing a 
Confused Jumble of the Names of the Inhabitants 
Some out of Somersett and the next perhaps out of 
Amboy or woodbridge to which he Reply'd that it was 
None of his Business or words to that Effect but that 
the Sheriffe told him he had Jumbled an honest man 
and a knave together or words to that purpose. 

But Since this was made the Subject matter of an 
Indictment to which I have taken my Try all and was 
acquitted by the Jury not Sheltering my Selfe from 
these pretended As Some Others have done from Eeal 
Crimes by Noli prosequi or Ces at processus Though 
the one was Actually Sent me from my Lord Cornbury 
then Governour of this province In the words follow- 
ing wrot in his Own hand — 

By his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Cap? 
General and Governour in Chief of the Province of 
New Jersey New York & Territorys Depending there- 
on in America and Vice Admiral of the Same &c. 

Whereas I am inform'd that on the Last day of the 
Supreame Court held for the Province of New Jersey 
att Perth Amboy in November Last att the Instigation 
and by the Incouragem 1 of ( lertaine III minded Wicked 
People Enemys to Governm! the grand Jury of the 
County of Middlesex was prevailed upon by their 
Foreman and Some few other 111 tempered men to 
Preferr Bills of Indictments against Mr Sonmans One 
of the Gentlemen of her Majestys Council M'.' Bass the 
Secretary of this Province and M r Bickley her Majesty's 
Attorney General for the Province of New York for 
Suposed Crimes without any Legall Proofs and being 



1711] ADMINISTi; ATION OF GOVERNOR BUNTEK. 91 

well Satisfy'd that the Chief foundation of those Bills 
of Indictments was the Wicked Contrivance of John 
Royce and John Harrison the two first named in the 
Said Grand Jury Men Void of Morralls Enemys to 
Religion of Scandalous Lives who by their unwearied 
Endeavours to doe Mischiefe have Contrary to the very 
Tenor of their Oaths prevailed upon Some honest well 
meaning men of that Grand Jury who were not a ware 
of their Wickedness to Joyne with them to Preferr 
those Indictments the design Whereof was only to 
throw Dirt upon those who have the Honour to Serve 
the Queen (And have Done it Faithfully) The 
better Therefore to Discourage Such Scandalous Prac- 
tices for the future and to put a Stop to their present 
Extravagances I doe think iitt as I doe hereby Require 
and Command You forthwith to Enter a Noli prosequi 
upon the Indictments against Peter Sonmans Jeremiah 
Bass and May Bickley Esq™ and for So doing this Shall 
be to You a Sufficient Warrant Given under my hand 
and Seale at Horsimas this first day of December 1708. 

Cornbury. 
To Alexander Griffith Esqr 
Attorney General of the Province 
of New Jersey att Burlington — 

And another offer'd me by my Lord Lovelace in 
p'sence of M r Attorney Generall— I shall only beg 
Leave to Transcribe the Said Indictment and Tryall as 
an Undoubted Evidence of my Inocency 

Supreame Court 4th November 1709 

Dom: Reg- ) 

ves > On an Indictment for altering the free- 
Jer: Bass J holders Book &c in these Words. 

New Jersey ss 

Middlesex: The Jurors for our Sovereign Lady the 
Queen upon their Oaths Doe present that Jeremiah 
Bass Esqr Secretary of the Province Clerk of her 
Majestys Councill and Prothonotary of the Supream 

; 



9S ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

Court of Judicature of Said Province the fiveteenth 
Day of October in the Seaventh Yeare of the Eeign of 
our now Sovereign Lady Anne Queen of Great Brit- 
tain &c Designing Contriveing and Intending to Pick 
a Jury in a Case then Depending in the Supream 
Court of Judicature of Said province Between Abra- 
ham Govern ner on the Demise of Peter Sonmans Esqr 
Plaintiffe against George Willocks Deffendant and in 
another Case Betwixt the afores d Plaintiffe and John 
Harrison Deffendant and in another Case between the 
said Plaintiffe and Jediah Higgins Defendant and 
fraudulently Corruptly and Malitiously alter Change 
and Transpose the books of the Freeholders of the 
Said Colony and also Did Give a false Copy of the 
Rales of the Said Court made in these Cases with De- 
sign to Defeat the Said Deffendants Contrary to the 
Duty of his Office and the Evill Example of Others 
and against the peace of Our Sovereign Lady the 
Queen that now is her Crown and Dignity To which 
the Said Bass Pleaded not Guilty— And put himself on 
his Country. 

Proclamation made and the Jury Called over 

no Exception being made the Jury were sworne as 
follows 

i Viz 1 ) 
William Fisher William Adkinson .in? Rogers 
Charles Miller Jn? Hancock Jn° Ogborne Jun r 

Jn? Stockton Jn° Hammell Jn? Moore 

Tho: Potts William Ogborne James Thompson 

Proclamation made for Information for the Queen 
and the witnesses Sworne as Follows Viz' John Nor- 
ton David Hariott John Brown and Adam Hude— 

.Jn? Norton Saith that in October he Received a Book 
from Adam Hude highSheriffe of Middlesex Called the 
Freeholders Book which he Deliver'd Jeremiah Bass to 
strick a Jury And that when he brought y^ e said Book 
back to the Sheriff e the Pages were Alter'd; Being 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 99 

asked what the said Bass said to him when he brought 
him the Book he reply'd that said Bass was Displeased 
and found fault with the Book and said it was Irregu- 
lar and Refused to Strick any Jury out of it because 
of its being Irregular. 

David Hariott said that he saw a Book that it had 
been taken Assunder and had been Altered and that 
page 13. were put were page the Second was but he 
knows nothing who alter'd it. 

Jn? Brown saith that att the request of the Sheriff e 
he Did write and bind a Book (Viz) The freeholders 
Book and paged it that when it Came Back from Bur- 
lington the pages were Altered but nothing Else but 
the pages no Names being Added or Altered. 

Adam Hude said that he knows nothing of the mat- 
ter [that?] he received no list of any Names of a Jury 
from the Secretary [nor?] was any Jury Struck by him 
that he knows of and then [produced?] the Book in 
Court which appear'd to be the names of Sundry per- 
sons Confusedly Sett Down not in any Regular Order 
and only tied Together with a piece of Sad Coulerd 
Tape. 

On which the Chief Justice Sum'd up the Evidence 
and the Jury without Going from the Barr Unani- 
mously Cry'd out 
Not Guilty. 

Which verdict being Recorded and read to them 
they altogether agreed to itt. 

When Yo r Excellency shall please to take the trouble 
of seriously Considering that Tryall and the Charec- 
tors as well of Judges as Jurys, W- Willocks base Re- 
flections upon both in the Close of this Article Cannot 
Escape Yo r Excellency's Observation And I believe 
Yor Excellency will be of Opinion that it Deserves 
the Severest prosecution the Law Directs (Certainly 
no body but one who is in the Gall of Bitterness could 
have fallen upon so Malitious a Thought (that it may 



LOO U)MltflSTKATiON OF GOVERtfOB HUNTER. [1711 

Justly be presumed by undue proceedings I Escaped 
with Impunity.) 

I look upon it to be a no Small misfortune that what 
M 1 Willocks affirmes in the fifth Article hapnecl by 
his own Shewing when only himselfe and I were To- 
gether because I am thereby Debared from Convicting 
him of palpable falshood by Concurrant Testimonys of 
Standers by, I doe Acknowledge that M r Willocks 
came to my Office in November 1708, and p'haps I 
might make Some Difficultys of Shewing him the Book 
of Records till he paid me for the Transporting of them 
thither being brought Wholey for his Service on that 
Tryall and It is very Probable I might meet with Such 
Treatment from him as I might Resent in Some 
Warme Expressions; but that I Either Express'd my 
Selfe with Such Admiration at the Sight of the Said 
Power of Attorney or afterwards beged his Pardon 
and Accompanied him at Least a Quarter of a Mile 
from the Office; I must Assure Yo v Excellency I 
utterly Deny and Requires much better proof e then M 1 ; 
Willocks bare Assertion Especially Since as I Observed 
before my bringing the Books and that without any 
Rule of Court to Oblidge me and produceing them in 
Court for his Service If a Demonstration I never De- 
signed to Conceal what was Recorded therein or to 
hinder him from having anything that might tend to 
his Just Defence But to Shew Yol Excellency how fan- 
Spleen and Revenge hurry this Gentleman into Incon- 
sistancy with himselfe and that he was not under any 
Aprehensions of Danger if Either the Letter of At- 
torney of John Haddons had not been Recorded nor 
the Books brought over; I must Informe Yol Excel- 
lency that after he had in Court Caused about tenn 
Deeds and Other Writeings to be Read and Sundry 
Evidences Examined the Councill for the plaintiffe 
Offering to Demurr to all the Evidences produced he 
himselfe gave Directions to his Councill to wave all his 



1711] ADMINISTHATIOX OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 1 ( ) 1 

Proofs as Appears by the Minutes of the Said Court in 
these words: 

Dies Marcuri 3'! of November 1 T< >s. 
At a Supream Court &c 
Present 
The Hon b l e Roger Mompesson Esq 1 Chief Justice 
William Pinhorne: Coll: Rich? Townley 

Abra: Gove rimer 



v Ejectment att the Demise of Peter 
Geo: Willocks f Sonmans Esq 1 

The Plaintiffe and Deffendant Called and apear'd 
and the Jury Called over and Sworne as by the Panell 
and Record and after many Evidences Sworne both 
for the Plaintiffe and Defendant and many Records 
Read the Plaintiffe Offer'd to Demurr to the Evidences 
of the DefF On which the DefTendant Waved his Evi- 
dence and the Evidences For the Plaintiffe were Sum'd 
up and the Charge Given to the Jury &c. 

As to the Sixth Article It is true that the Said Wil- 
locks Did Obtaine a Verdict and Judgement &c; But 
brought me not any Bill of Cost untill the 26 th : of Sep- 
tember 1 "<>!>. and that Drawn by his Own hand and 
not SigiTd by his Attorney; So that Ml Willocks had 
Elapsed two Supream Courts < )ne in May and an ( >ther 
In August before I had the Bill of Costs att both or 
Either of which the Attorneys on both Sides Attend- 
ing this Bill of Costs might have been Taxed 1 very 
well Remember motion was made in Court by the At- 
torney for M 1 Sonmans that there might be a Rule not 
to Taxe the Said Bill of Cost without Notice to the 
Other Side but it was Not thought necessary to Enter 
any Rule because its well known to be the Constant 
practice in England for the prothonotary not to Tax 
Costs without notice when Either the plaintiffe or De- 
ffendant Desired it and it is a maxim in Our Law A 
Com'uni Obsevantia Non est recedendum, thai this was 
Desired both by the Plantiffe and his Attorney will at 



L02 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR Hl'XTEK. [1711 

all times be Owned by them and Should I have Taxed 
it w th out Such Notice after I was Spoke to both by the 
Defendant and his Attorney It would have been Irreg- 
ular and Just Cause of Complaint As to the Bill of 
Costs which he Calls Excessive Sonmans against Har- 
rison neither Harrison nor his Attorney had Desired 
to have Notice when the Bill Should be Taxed and 
therefore I could not Delay the Taxation when it was 
Desired nor was Oblidged to Give Notice. 

But to Convince Yo- Excellency of the 111 Grounded 
malice of this Story I must Begg Leave to Inform Yor 
Excellency this Cause of Sonmans against Harrison 
was Tryed the Ninth of May 1707, and the Bill of Costs 
not taxed untill the Sixteenth of May 1708, So that 
Harrison had above a Years time to Object what he 
pleased against the Bill of Costs if he had Judged it Either 
Necessary or the Costs to high or to have Caveated the 
Taxing it without Notice, I have further to Add that 
M r Eegnier Attorney for M • Willocks in a Letter of his 
Dated 20f September 1709: mentioning this Bill of 
Costs tells me that as to those Articles which regard 
. the Expences on Witnesses (amounting to about £22: 
18s: 6d:) M- Willocks will give Reasonable Satisfaction 
but M r Willocks has not to this Day Given any Satis- 
faction Either by Affidavit of the moneys paid or 
Otherwise; I doe acknowledge to Yo r Excellency that 
M- Willocks Did Bring me a Bill of Costs to be taxed 
but not as he Saith Drawn by his Attorney but in his 
Own hand and not so much as signed by his Attorney 
that a great many hott words passed between me and 
the si 1 Willocks in Relation to the Said Taxing of the 
Bill at that time which he with much Violence and 
many Rude Expressions and Barbarous Threats would 
have Oblidged me to do Contrary to my Duty and 
Trust and I doe Own that I did Deny to tax the Said 
Bill of Costs without giveing Notice Either to the s? 
Sonmans or his Attorney But that I might make the 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR EUNTER. L03 

matter as Easy as I could and take from him all ( !ouler 
of Complaint I took M r Attorney Generall along with me 
and Carry'd a Sum'ons Ready Drawn for Either M r 
Sonmans or his Attorney to Attend and tendred It to 
the Said Willocks telling him at the same time that if 
he would Serve that Sum'ons or Notice and make 
affidavit of the Service thereof If the party or his At- 
torney did not Attend I would proceed to tax the Bill 
(exparte) Nay I further Offer'd him that if he would 
pay my Expences I would Goe over to Amhoy for that 
purpose; But how Barbarously I was used for my Ci- 
vility both in words and Actions and what 111 returns 
was made me for it I shall pass it Over in Sylence; 1 
doe Own Soon after M- Regnier Delivered or Sent me 
the Bill of Costs in the S" Causes to be Taxed and he 
Rec? from me Notice for M 1 ' Sonmans or Some of his 
Attorneys to Attend to the Best of my Remembrance; 
I sent a Copy of the Said Bill to M- Bickley Attorney 
for M r Sonmans who made Severall Objections to the 
Said Bill amounting in the whole to 37: 2s: lOd: which 
were Spedily Deliver'd to W. Regnier for his Answer 
that I might Regularly Proceed To tax when I had 
heard Both Sides, which tho 1 I have Severall times 
Asked him for and Even when he was Last In Towne 
and M r Bickley was hear Yett I have not had one word 
in Reply from him Soe that Yo 1 .' Excellency will Easily 
Perceive the Reason why the S' 1 Bill is Not taxed Is 
wholy Oweingto themselves. And that I neither could 
nor Can yett Doe it without being Partial To the one 
or the Other Side But this matter Relateing whole) to 
the Customes of the Court Ought Regularly to be 
Tryed by the Judges of the Said Court; Tryal per pars 
Cbap: 2? See': 8: who would I Doubt not have Justi- 
fy'd me in what I have Done. 

The Seventh Article being Altogether Generals is 
Impossible to be Answer'd; But Yo r . Excellency will 
allow me to Affirme that it is not the fear of Jealousy 



1<>4 ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOR HUNTER. [171] 

of my Injustice but the Reasonable Expences that 
hinders M!' Willocks from puting Severall of his own 
Deeds on Record in My Office as appears by a Letter 
of his to me In which are these words; ' Amboy 9 b j" the 
* 24^ 1708: I have a Prity many Deeds if you would be 
4 Easy with me I would Record them — but money is 
4 Scarce and Recording not Absolutely Necessary Soe 
4 that if I cannot have them Done on Easy Terms they 
' must Remaine Undone. 

I doe Not Doubt but Yo 1 ' Excellency is well Ac- 
quainted that this method of Accusing in Gross is the 
only Refuge of those who would fain Accuse But Yet 
want matter and therefore always Judged to be only 
Flinging of Calunmys at Random in hopes that Some 
may Stick; Generals never Prove anything perticuler 
Charges Legally proved can Only with Submission 
have weight. 

But since his Malice is so Evident throughout the 
whole Representation Yo 1 -' Excellency will Easily be- 
lieve that he would not have fail'd of being as perticu- 
lar in Mentioning some of the many f earf ull & Jealous 
of the Province as Carefull to paint Severall Instances 
in the Blackest Colours and makeing as severe reflec- 
tions on the one as he is in the Other tho' But Imagin- 
ary Accusations if it had been in his Power; The many 
Deeds I have recorded and have now by me for that 
purpose Together with. Abundance of Evidences now 
In Town Confute this false Imputation beyond Con- 
tradiction I shall therefore trouble Yo r Excellency no 
further on this head which I am Satisfy'd can make no 
Impression on Any thinking man much Less YoV Ex- 
cellency. 

To the Eighth Article that having been the Subject 
matter of an Indictment against me to which I pleaded 
and was found not Guilty as by the said Indictment 
and Tryall on Record doth and will appeare; It there- 
fore requires no Other Answer then the Common and 



L711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. L05 

Legall one (autrefois acquit) which Even Barbarrous 
Nations allow; Though M r Willocks who 'pretends to 
' Insist that It is the Right of the Subject not to be 
' Deny 'd Justice and that Delaying and Denying are 
'Attended with the same Consequences So much the 
Reverse of Justice that Rather than faile of Doing his 
Utmost to Load me with a fault I have been Acquited 
of by Due Course of Law will meddle with what no 
manner of way Concerns-him ; Yo!' Excellency will See 
this whole Article relates nothing to him Nor is he any- 
ways Concerned with it whither it were true or false. 

To be tryed by ones Peers is the greatest Priviledge 
a Subject can Wish for, and so Excellent is the Con- 
stitution of the Government of this Kingdom that no 
Subject Shall be tryed but by his Peers the Lords by 
theirs and the Commons by theirs which is the For- 
trese and Bulwarke of their Lives Liberty s and Estates; 
and if the Good of the Subject be the good of the King- 
as most Certainly it is then those are Enemys to the 
Good of the King and State who Attempt to Alter or 
Invade this Fundamentall Principle in the Administra- 
tion of the Justice of this Realm by which the Kings 
Prerogative has flourished and the Just Libertys of the 
people have been Secured In so many Ages Try all \'.\ p' 
pars cap 1 1. 

For who would not Choose to live under that Law 
wherein he might Live with Security then under that 
Law which would Sett him naked and succourless 
against the Cruelty of his Enemys Verily no man Can 
be Safe in Body or Goods whome his Adversary may 
convince In every Cause with two unknown Witnesses 
of his Own Chuseing and bringing forth Forth For 
tescue in Com': of the Laws of England Chap: S*! 1 but 
to what purpose are these Laws by this and Several] 
other Sages of the law so highly Valued when a house 
of Representatives without Legall Evidences without 
hearing the party accused or any Defence made Shall 



106 ADMINISTRATION <>K OOVERXOK HT'NTER. [1711 

Condemn or at Least Censure a Guiltless person; this 
way of proceeding Is more Justly to be feared then 
that of the Civill Law, which that worthy Author in 
so many Instances Justly findes fault with whilst on 
the Contrary under the Legal and [usual way?] of Pro- 
ceeding by Jurys an Innocent person may pass his 
Life in Quietness and Security. 

To the Ninth Article Eelateing to the Records I must 
beg Leave to Inf orme Yo 1 -' Excellency that in a Petition 
of the Representatives of the Eastern Division a Copy 
of which I have hereunto annext for Yo- Excellency's 
Perusall; There was an Ord- of the Governour in 
Councill made the Seventh of November 1705, for the 
Delivering of all Records and other Publick papers into 
my hands to be keept in the Eastern Division That 
some Persons who then had them in Custody Did only 
Deliver Some Records and Other Publick papers And 
M- Willocks and an Other Gentleman to this Day 
Detaine as I am Informed Very near as Considerable a 
part of the Publick Records and Other publick papers 
in their hands as are Deliver'd and though Repeated 
orders have been since made are Soe fan* ffrom Deliv- 
ering of them that it is not known were they are nor 
any Possibility of having a Sight of them and No body 
but M r Willocks (who by a Letter from M!" Gordon and 
a Copy of a Receipt Signed by him and Doctor John- 
son Confess to keep the Said Records and papers In 
their Custody) would have the Assurance to Complain 
of what himselfe Only is Guilty of— 

This may it Please Yo r Excellency is Indeed a Griev- 
ance that Publick Books and Records Should be kept 
in perticular hands Soe Privately that no Recourse Can 
be had to them and of which many have Complained 

I am very well assured Neither M 1 ; Willocks nor Any 
Body Else was Ever Deny'd Access to the Records nor 
Copys from them nor to have the Records themselves 
In Court when Ever he or they had Occasion for them 
and Frequently without any Fees paid for the Same. 



1711] ADMINISTRATION 1)1' G<)\ KUXoR HrNTER. 101 

That I have not any Deputy Eesideing at Amboy 1 
acknowledge and Shall not Easily be prevailed with to 
Appoint one (and if I would know not where to have 
one In that Towne), Since I was So 111 Served by the 
two former M r John Royce and M 1 ' Benjamin Griffith: 
The first having So Mismanaged that Trust that I was 
Oblidged to Dismise him or be Lyable to Answer for 
more Real than This Representation Contains Imagi 
nary faults, and the Other though an honest Man was 
Surprized into a Mistake by John Barclay who raised 
and Altered the Records while the Others Back was 
turned as appears by two Affidavits, for which the Said 
Barclay Is now 

I need not Observe to Yo r Excellency that this Arti- 
cle is only a Story of M r Willocks but that nothing 
Therein Contained any ways Charges me with any 
faults Omission or Misdemeanour, and it is wholy 
wrapt up in Generall Terms and to which Yo r Excel- 
lency I am Sure will not think it possible that Any 
Perticular Answer Can be Given. 

I shall now with Yo r Excellency's Leave begin with 
the Affidavits of Jacob Tappan to which I shall only 
Answer that I can Not Devise to what Purpose this 
Affidavit was brought into the house of Representa- 
tives Except it was to Expose Mi' Sharp for I am So 
farr Believing it to be a Charge against me that I Own 
the Greatest part of it to be true Continueing of the 
Same mind and for proofe present Yo? Excellency with 
the following Transcripts of Records now in my Office 

Glocester Com": 

The Jurors for our Lady the Queen being Sworne 
upon their Oaths doe present that Isaac Sharp late of 
new Town in the County of Glocester Yeoman on the 
Seventeenth day of August in the Second yeare of the 
Reign of our Lady Ann by the Grace of God of En- 
gland Scotland France and Ireland &c Queen Defender 



L08 A-DMISTISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

of the faith &c with force and Arms a Certaine Close 
or field of one Samuell Harrison at the Town of Glo- 
cester near new Towne Creek in the County aforesaid 
Did Break and Enter and in and upon one peru a Negro 
Woman Slave of the Said Samuell Harrison then And 
there in the peace of God and of our Lady the Queen 
being An Assault and Affray Did make and with a 
Certaine penknife of the value of one Shilling which 
the Said Isaac in his Right hand then and there held 
the Said peru in her Left Breast and in her Left Side 
under her Said Left Brest then and there Greaviously 
Did wound So that of her Life it was Dispared and 
Other harms to her Did against the peace of our Lady 
the Queen her Crown and Dignity &c. 

Glocester ss. 

The Jurors for our Sovereign Lady the Queen being 
Sworn e upon their Oaths Doe present that Isaac Sharp 
late of new Towne in the County of Glocester Yeoman 
on the Seventeenth Day of August in the Second Yeare 
of the Reigne of our Lady Anne by the Grace of God 
of England Scotland France and Ireland &c Queen 
Defender of the faith &c with force and Arms a Cer- 
tain Close or feild of one Samuell Harrison at Gloces- 
ter near New towne Creek in the County of Glocester 
Afores. Did Break and Enter and in and upon Sarah 
then the Wife of the Said Samuell Harrison then and 
there in the peace of God and our Lady the Queen being 
an Assault and Affray Did make and her Did Beat and 
Evily Intreat and ( >ther harms to her the Said Sarah 
Did against the peace of our Said Lady The Queen her 
Crown and Dignity &c Witness Sworne in Courl Sarah 
Harrison Ann Harrison Rich' 1 Bull. 

Glocester ss: 

The Jurors of our Lady the Queen being Sworne 
Upon their Oaths doe present Isaac Sharp I ^ate of New 
Towne in the County of Gloucester Yeoman on the 
Seventeenth Day of August in the Second Yeare of the 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 109 

Reign of our Lady Ann by the Grace of God of Eng- 
land Scotland France and Ireland &c Queen Defender 
of the faith &c. with force and Arms a Certaine Close 
or feildof one Samuell Harrison at Glocester near New 
towne Creek in the County aforesaid Did Break and 
Enter and in and upon Ann the Daughter of the Said 
Samuell and Sarah his wife in the peace of God and of 
our Lady the Queen then and there being an Assault 
and Affray Did make and her then and there Did 
Beat and Evily Intreat and other harms to her the 
Said Ann Did against the Peace of our Lady the Queen 
her Crown and Dignity &c. 

The Petty Jury Returned into Court and were Called 
over and brought in on the Indictment against Isaac 
Sharp for wounding the Negro Woman Slave Called 
peru Guilty. 

On the Indictment of Isaac Sharp for the saulting of 
Sarah Harrison Chiilty. 

On the Indictment of Isaac Sharp ffor Assaulting of 
aim Harrison Guilty. 

The Latter part Relateing to the Three Thousand 
Pounds the Deponant hath mistaken my Sence It not 
being to be Supposed that I was or Could be against 
Giving the Queen Money. Neither was that the Subject 
of what was discours'd But the Necessity of Saveing 
what was Posible of that three Thousand pounds that 
had been Given to the Country as it Appears Might be 
Done by the Reports made to the [ . \ . . ] of the Coun- 
cill and Assembly made the twenty fifth day of Jan- 
uary Anno q Dom: 1709 and now Remaineing in the 
Secretary's Office. 

Having thus Gone Through with my Answer to the 
Said Representation I have Nothing more to Add but 
that I am 

May it Please Yo r Excellency, 

Yo r Excellency s most humble 

and Obedient Servant, J. Bass 



110 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

To his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Cap- 
Gen 1 . 1 and Gov r in Chief of her Majesty's Provinces of 
New Jersey New York and all the Territories and 
Tracts of Land Depending thereon in America and vice 
Admirall of the Same &c. 

Iu Council I 

The Petition of Severall of the members of the Gen- 
erall Assembly that are Chosen for the Eastern Divi- 
sion of this her Majestys Province of New Jersey 

Humbly Sheweth 

That wee Yo r Excellencys Petitioners Together with 
those Whonie wee are Chosen to represent having 
Great Part of the Evidences of our Estates and Titles 
to our Lands Recorded in the Publick Records of the 
Said Eastern Division of this province which are 
Informed are not Lodged in the hands of her Majesty's 
Secretary to whome we may on all Occasions have a 
Constant Recourse But remains in the possession of 
those whom neither wee Nor those whom wee Repre- 
sent have any Confidence in and as we humbly Con- 
ceive are not any was Qualify'd for So great a Trust 
being no Sworne Officer of Records and being at 
present Left not only in a very Great uncertainty 
where the Said Records Are and how wee may have 
Recourse unto them but also having no Mean Cause to 
fear that all things may not have been fairly Managed 
by those persons. 

Wee therefore humbly Pray Yo' Excellency that a 
Com'ittee of the Councill Together with a Committy 
of the faire Representation may be Appointed to View 
the Said Records and that Peter Sonmans Esqr Agent 
for the proprietors of the Eastern Division of this 
Province may be present at the Said View and that 
Thomas Gordon be Likewise Ordered to Attend at the 
Said Com'ittee and when they are So Review'd that 
the Said Records may be Imediately put into the hands 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. Ill 

of her Majestys Secretary for this province as being an 
Indifferent person betwixt her Majestys Subjects In- 
habiting this province and the present proprietors of 
the same that the Eecords may be kept by the Secre- 
tary or his Sufficient Deputy Approved by Yo r Excel- 
lency within the Eastern Division of this province of 
Nova Cesaria. 

And yo r petitioners as in Duty Bound &c 
Rich d Salter Rich'' Hartshorne Jn? Royce 
Jasper Crane Anthony Woodward Obadiah Bowk 
Jn° Tunisber Peter Vanneste Jn? Lawrence 

Middlesex ss 

Memorandun That on the Twenty fifth day of May 
in the Eighth year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lady 
Anne over Great Britain France and Ireland Queen, 
Defender of the Faith &c We Peter Sonmans & John 
Drake Esq 1 ':- two of Her Majestices Justices of the 
Peace for y e Countys of Middlesex and Sommersett 
Quorum unus, did by Warrant under our hands & 
Seals Com'and a Constable to bring George Willocks 
of the Town of Perth Am boy in the s d County of Mid- 
dlesex Gent: before us who was Accordingly on the 
*'! Twenty fifth day of May brought before us & pur- 
suant to the Statute of y e first of King William & 
Queen Mary Entituled an Act for the Abrogating of 
the Oaths of Supremacy an Allegiance & appointing 
other oaths we did then tender unto y e Said George 
Willocks the oath mentioned and appointed by y e Said 
Statute to be taken, which said Oaths being sotendred 
the said George Willocks utterly refused to take. & 
Said That he was not Sattisfyed in the Authority of 
us y e Said Justices humbly certify to this hon ble ( !ourt 

Peter Sonmans 
John Drake 
A true Copy 
J Bass Sy 



112 



ADMINISTRATION <>F GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



[1711 



[Another affidavit from the same parties of like 
tenor, stating that Willocks also refused to take the 
oath prescribed by an Act for the better security of 
her Majesty's Peace and Government, passed in the 
6th year of the reign of Queen Anne.] — Ed. 



An Address from Inhabitants of Sit/em to Governor 
Hunter— relative to the payment of taxes and 
the election of new Representatives for that Connty. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey. Vol. I. C. 108.] 

Salem May y c 25 t . h annq Domini 1711 

To his Ex c ? Eobert Hunter Esq 1 ' Captf Generall 
and Gov 1 ' in Cheife of y e province of New 
Jersey New York &c 

The Humble Address of the Inhabitants of y e County 
of Salem who are deeply Senceable of Our Gratious 
Queens innewmerated favors bestowed upon her Sub- 
jects though Sepperated from her whom God Grant 
long to Reign One of which favours is in Sending yo 1 ' 
Excellency whose mild and Gentle Conduct we hope 
will cause us to say we are happy in Congratulating 
yo r Excellencys Safe Arrival and humbly Sheweth 
that we Esteem it our bound duty Honour b ? y to Sup- 
port Goverment and humbly Desir your Excellency in 
yo!' Clemency to Grant that those of us that cannot 
produce Silver Money to pay our Taxes the Collectors 
may be allowed to receive wheat Silver money being 
Extreamly Scarse, the Straits must Unavoidedly 
Come make us intrude with this Humble Request that 
those who cannot procure there Taxes may be pre- 
served from distraints and as peace and Concord is 
the Strength of a Country we humbly Address your 
Excellency to Grant us a New Choise for Represent;!- 



1711] ADMINTSTKATIOK OF GOVEBNOR MlNTKi;. ll-'i 

tives for our County many of us being Neglidgent in 
y e last Election that those of our Members who in 
dangers our depopulation by strife & Anymositiesmay 
be removed from that honourabl body that designing 
men may be disinCouredged and we Her Maj fys Loyal 
and Obedient Subjects for your Excellency's Long life 
and Everlasting felissity your Addressors shall pray 
John Hollingswortb Roger Huchings 

Thomas Wright Isaac Pears* > 1 1 

Jacob Hendrixson Sam 1 . 1 Wade 

Benjamin Jones Joseph Ware 

Jeremiah Smith Jonathan Smith 

his 

John ^ Lovd William short 

Mark 

and two hundred and ffifty persons more 

Reed: 10 April w th Coll: Hunters Lre: of the 1° Janu: 

1 7- 1 - 1 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Hunter in 
answer to his communication of May 1th. 1711. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New York No. 52, Ent. Book H, p. 391] 

Letter to Colonel Hunter Govern 1- of New York 
and New Jersey. 

June the 29 th 1711 
Sr 

Since Our Letter of the Tenth of Aprill last, a 
Duplicate whereof is here inclosed, We have received 
two from you both, Dated the Seventh of May 1711 

We have at present the said Letters and the Papers 
therein referred to under Our Consideration, in Order 
to Our laying before her Majesty, what shall appear 
necessary in relation to both Your Governments, so 
that till we have gone through the whole, and Her 
Majesty's pleasure be Declared thereupon, We shall 



114 ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

not be able to give you particular answers to the Sev- 
eral Matt rf contained in Your said Letters. 

# '■'■ -M- vr vf 'K' 

With Our Letter of the sixteenth of March last? 
relating to the Government of the Jerseys, a Duplicate 
whereof has been sent you, We transmitted to you 
Her Majesty's Order in Council, of the first of the said 
Month, confirming the Act for ascertaining the place 
of Sitting of the General Assembly of that Province, 
So that that Matter is now at an end. 

As to what you write in relation to the Court of 
Chancery, and to the Members of the Council being 
Judge Assistants in the Supream Court, and to the 
inconveniences that may arise thereby; we can only 
observe that by your Com'ss" you are Empower'd and 
Authorized to Erect Constitute and Establish, with the 
Advice and Consent of the Council, such and so Many 
Courts of Judicature and publick Justice, as you and 
they shah think fit and to Constitute and appoint 
Judges Com'ission rs of Oyer and Terminer Justices of 
the Peace &c c So that if you find any inconvenience, 
by the present Constitution of the Supream Court, 
Your Commission and Instructions in that behalf, will 
be your best guide. 

We desire that you would send us by the first Con- 
veyance, a Complete Collect" of all the Laws of New 
York since y? Year 1691, 

We have only to add that hereafter in your Cor- 
respondence with Us, It will be more easy and proper, 
that what you write relating to each of your Govern- 
ments, be in Separate and distinct Letters 
So we bid you heartily Farewell 

Your very Loving Friends. 

WlNCHELSEA. 

Whitehall June ) Ph: Meadows. 

the 29 th 1711 \ Geo: Baillie. 

Arth: Moore. 

Fra: Gwyn. 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTEK. 115 

Letter from Edward Richier, a West Jersey Proprie- 
tor, to Secretary Popple. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol I, C. 108.] 

Letter from M r Richier relating to the Com- 
plaint he and others have to make ag st four 
of the Council of New Jersey. 

Hamsted 9th July 1711 

s r 

I had y e favour of y rs wch came not to my hand till 
Satturday night occasional by it s being directed to my 
brother Isaac to whom my Serv tl sent it. We have as 
yet rece'd no Letters from y e Jersies, but I have writ 
to M' Dockminique y e President of our Society who in 
a day or two will wait upon y e L'd s Coram 1 '' &c w ht we 
have to offer lies in a narrow compass we have for- 
merly complain'd (& not without very great cause) 
againt these 4 men in y e Council viz 1 Cox, Sunmans, 
Hall & Pinhorn, & ag l Jerimiah Bass Secretary, & ye 
late Rep r sentac , on of y e Assembly has justified our 
complaint. I shall not wonder if Dockwrey become 
an Advocate for y m because they have been his Tooles 
to act Such things for his private advantage, to y e 
great wrong of those who intrusted him yt I hope 
w IH he can offer will have very little weight w th their 
their Lords p as to Dockwrey 8 Character, we must refer 
to a memoriall left Some years Since at y c Board w th 
Severall Affidavits ag* him transmitted to us under y" 
Seal of y e Province of East Jersie 

I am Y r mDst humble Sarv 11 



vcoir 




1 It is not known that Mr. Richier ever visited New Jersey, but he was always 
active in connection with the affairs of West Jersey in London. — Ed. 



Ill 



AD.MIXJSTKA TlOK OP GOVERNOU HTJNTEB. 



[1711 



Letter from William Bockwra to Secretary Popple, 
transmitting the Idler that follows. 

[From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey, Vol. I. C. 111.] 

Letter from M 1 ' Dockwra, inclosing the Extract 
of One to him from one of the Council of 
New Jersey relating to that Goverment. 

W m Popple Esq 1 ' These 

Sr 

Having Rec d Your Letter on Thursday the 5- Cur- 
rant, Signifying, the Lords Comm rs required to know, 
whether I had rec d any further acco r from Jerse} r re- 
lating to the transactions of the Councill & Assemhly 
of that Province, I forbore to write a Negative Answer; 
but purposed to have attended the Office at 10 or 11 on 
Monday last to have accquainted You (or the Lords 
Com 1 "- 8 if they required it), what was the Unlucky Oc- 
casion of the want of the Second Packet, that my first 
gave me advice was following, being Unwilling to 
trouble their Lordships, or You with so long a Read 
ing as the Narrative required to write; but, so far as I 
had been informed on the Wednesday; which was only 
that the Gentleman One M' Read, into whose hands 
the Care and trust of the Packet was com'itted at New 
York to be delivered to me died on boord the Said 
Packet boat 12 daies before it's arrival at Bristoll; And 
All our Enquiry wee coiild make, amounted to no fur- 
ther discovery in London, untill Wednesday the 1"' 1 
had Answer from a Relation of Mine at Bristol, with 
Instruction what was become of the things the de- 
ceased left on boord in his Chest.: the Cap- telling him 
the Keys thereof were Sealed up and could not be 
opened till his Relations, who had the right, came to 
Settle things with him; And then he was ready to de- 
liver the Keys to open the chest, But none of his Re- 



1711] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOB III NTER. Ill 

lations had then been with him. but had a Letter from 
Lond 1 . 1 that either one M 1 ' Tmbshaw or M r Stockwel] 
would come to Bristoll this Week, and Settle things 
and open the Chest; but for any Packets that were in 
the Chest, the Post tax must first be paid at I' P 
ounce, to that my Kinsman had order to agree, and 
will take care of their receipt and conveyance to Lon- 
don. 

This I intended to report Monday last if I had had 
no further Aeco 1 than the Said Read was dead, 1 >ut 
Saturday Evening was I taken So 111 as not only to 
confine me to my Chamber, but, most to my bed till 
Yesterday, but not out of my Chamber yet, though I 
thank God willing to have ventured abroad today for 
two or three hours Air, but overruled to keep home till 
Sunday. 

I feared my not appearing, and continuing Silent to 
next Monday might expose me, to be censured for 
Neglect &c? therefore though not allowed to goe forth 
today though pretty well. I chose rather to write the 
Cause of the delay of my Packet, & my not paying 
my Duty of answering & appearing to attend the boon I 
as I proposed to do on Monday last. 

I have in some Intervals of my Ills read over Some 
of the Many New-Jersey Papers lying with Me. & 
taken from some of the last letters tree' 1 1 r June last i 
an Extract of some such Transactions as are so very 
Extraordinary, & that come from One of my friends 
An Honest South Brittain, & Obedient Son of the 
Church, who is no Insinuating Hypocrite, hut a Man 
of Probity, And the Noble Lords & Hoii"-' 1 " Gentlemen 
at the boord may depend upon the truth of what fu- 
ture Reports & Representation^ will, appear trans 
mitted by the Same good hand. & two or three More 
of the like Character; And hope their Lo p - s will bestow 
such credence as they will find they deserve. 

Meantime I hope they will please to view this en- 



118 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

closed Paper of Small Samples. I have taken off from 
the bigger Pieces, which, when shall be thought fit to 
be called for, their Lordships will find them True pat- 
terns; And, if these two Sheets of Paper of Collections 
be Accepted of by their Honours, as an Attornment 
for my Involuntary Absence, I shall, with all humble 
Submission, acknowledge it to be a very Great favour, 
And, if You'le please to forgive the drawing this Letter 
to Such a length, you will by yo^" patience & good 
nature Oblige, 

S r Yo r most hum ble Serv* 

Wm: Dockwra 
13 ,h July 1711 



Extract of a Letter from a Member of the Coun- 
cil 1 , in New Jersey to Mr Dockwra relating 
to the Proceedings of some of the Council 
and of the Assembly of that Province, and 
to Colonel Hunters Administration [Sent 
with the foregoing letter] 

Sir 

My last two letters were by 'our good Friend the 
Hon b,e Collonell Nicholson of the 14 th 9 b ? r and by M r 
Norton of the 10 tM of December, to which narratives 
(without Repetition) I referre you of Our New Gover- 
nors surprising beginnings falling in with the Seditious 
faction of turbulent Men whose chief Ringleader has 
in his whole life time, (ever since he writ man) in 
all Governments, been Lewis Morris 

The first thing great busines I will beginn vv th is to 
tell you That The Assembly mett the 4 th day of Decem- 
b- and continued sitting untill the 10 th of February 

1 By whom this letter was written has not been ascertained.— Ed. 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 119 

Enclos'd you'l finde the Governors speech, and the as- 
sembly es & Council Is Addresses. 

Mr Son mans will send over coppies of the Acts past, 
and of such as the Councill Rejected, by which will be 
plainly percsived what our Pollititians attempted to 
compass by the countenance & encouragem- of His 
Excellency, who, notwithstanding his repeated Pro- 
fessions of his Impartiality and desire of Peace & 
Union, has entirely & passionately expoused the Sedi- 
tious Party of Morris, Johnstone &c a and united with 
the Quakers; and little has been transacted during the 
Sitting of the Assembly without his Previous Knowl- 
edge and Connivance. 

His Cabinet Councill has been and is Lewis Morris, 
George Clark 1 Johnstone 2 , late Cap 1 now Coll. Farmer, 
Thomas Gordon, Tho. Gardiner a Quaker, & Geo Wil- 



// <rfy?\ y^r-7£i^4-Tl\+~> 



1 George Clarke was Secretary of the Province of New York and was consequently 
brought into close relations with Governor Hunter. He rose to eminence in that 
Province, but is not known to have had any special connection with New Jersey af 
fairs, excepting at one time being Auditor General.— See notice of him in N. Y. 
Col. Docts. Vol. XIV, p. 10G9.— Ed. 

was one of the pas- 
sengers on board the 
' Henry and Francis," 
that arrived at Perth Am- 
boy in December, 1635, from Scotland. He had been a druggist in Edinburgh and 
became known immediately in New Jersey as L>r Johnstone. Having been asso- 
ciated with George Scot inducing emigration from Scotland, and marrying his 
daughter, the Proprietors in 1(58(5 confirmed to him a tract of five hundred acres of 
land on account of his wife (S^ot having died on his way to the Province), and again 
in 1701 a further grant of over thirty thousand acres for his own and Scut's service, 
and in consideration of their heavy losses. But notwithstanding he was so largely 
interested in New Jersey lands, he soon took up his residence in New York i although 
oftentimes alluded to as of New Jersey), of whose Assembly he was a member in 
1700 and 1710. In 1711 his permanent residence appears to have been there, and 
about 1716 he became Mayor of the City. He was subsequently recommended for 
the Council in that Province, but was not appointed a member imtil 1720, under 
Governor Burnet, but about that time he removed permanently to Perth Amboy and 
was consequently dismissed from that Council. He was subsequently for several 
years (Smith says thirteen, but that number cannot be verified), in the Assembly of 
New Jersey, most of the time being Speaker. He was one of the Commissioners 
in 1719-20 for settling the boundary between New York and New Jersey, and at dif 
ferent times held other offices with credit to himself. He died September 3d, 17::.' 
" very much lamented by all who knew him. and to the inexpressible loss of the 
poor, who were always his particular care. "—Whitehead's Hist, of Perth Amboy and 
Surrounding Country— N. Y. Col. Doct.— Ed. 



120 A OMINISTBATION OF GOVEKNOE HUNTER. [1711 

lokes. The three First Chiefest Managers, they began 
with entering into a Strict League with the Quakers. 

Preliminaries being Settled, & Articles agreed <m. 
they fell to work; and drew up & Presented their Ad- 
dress, by which it is Evident they Act by the Same 
Principles & moved by the Same Spirit as formerly. 

And the Earl of Clarendon though absent & out of 
their Reach, must be attacked in Order to open the way 
to ruin his Friends. 

Her Maj M . es Councill of State was Seldome Consulted, 
except about passing of Bills. 

The Gentlemen of the Councill might have taken 
Just Exception to the contents of their Address, but 
Wee forbore, that the Governor might see Wee were 
willing to Joyn with Him in accomplishing The Great 
Work of Peace & Union which he pretended to be so 
desirous of, how really the Event will Shew. 

Wee presented Our Address to His Excellency, by 
which you will see Our Principles are the Same as 
Ever, And that Wee did avoid whatever might look 
like entering into the List of Controversy. 

Our Address was Extreamly Opposed by M' Morris 
Tho Gordon, George Deacon & Thomas Gardiner, 
Neither of Whom would Sign it, for what Reason I 
never could learn, except that the first of those had not 
the Penning [?] it with Reflections on The Lord Clar- 
endon's Administration but Our Peaceable Address 
disappointed them Extreamly; for they, could from 
thence gather No matter for a Quarrell with Us, which 
Wee found, they Earnestly desired. 

They then fell on New Measures, which were, to 
Pass some Bills which they knew Wee must reject; 
Accordingly A Bill for Recording of Deeds in the Sev- 
erall Counties of the Province; another for Destroying 
Prosecutions by Informations, and A third for Quali- 
fying Quakers to serve on all Juries give Evidence in 
Criminall Causes, & hold & enjoy Offices of Profit & 



L711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERJSTOK IIIXI'KK. \'l 1 

Trust in the Government; Which were Accordingly 
Sent up to Us. 

The 1 st took away the Only Valuable Perquisite be- 
longing to the Secretaries Office, & was directly con- 
trary to his Patent, & indeed impracticable the Clerks 
of many Counties being Scarce able to write, & hav- 
ing no particular Offices, and on Other Acco'- most In- 
capable of Such a Trust. 

It was moreover proved, that the Records of Sever- 
all Counties have been lost or embezzled by the Negli- 
gence or Roguery of the Clerks, besides Severall other 
Reasons which were urged, too tedious to relate. 

The Bill for Destroying Prosecutions by Informac'ons 
was directly contrary to the Acts of Trade & Naviga- 
tion, & indeed the Prerogative of the Crown— but 
You have too well known what Vallue this Factious 
Crew have ever had for That. 

The Last Bill was Such a Monster that Every Part 
of it was Terrible. It unhinged Our Very Constitu- 
tion of Government, as directly contrary to the T 1 " & 
s th K. William A great Encouragem t of Quakerism or 
rather it's Establishment, at least in this Pro vice; And 
of the most Pernicious Consequence to the Church of 
England. 

The Quakers in the Councill, & their two Fast 
friends Morris & Gordon attempted the Passing thai 
with Mighty warmth; The Gov r Himself extrea mis- 
pressed the Same, at least Com'itting it, for fear of 
Angring the Assembly, or putting them, as was the 
Pretence, out of Humour. 

But Wee considered if it was Com'itted, some trick 
or Other might be used to pass it So Wee Resolved to 
Reject it on the Second Reading; which being done; 
And the Quakers disappointed of their Magna Charta 
as it was termed, And indeed the very darling of their 
Souls. & no doubt part of the Prize promised them by 
Morris &c. a they grew Angry; On which Doctor John- 



122 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

stone Reported from a Com'ittee of the Whole House, 
that, Notwithstanding it was of the Utmost Conse- 
quence to the Prop 1- . 8 and Inhabitants of this Province, 
that a Bill should be brought in for Settling their 
Rights to their Lands, Yet it was to No purpose to do 
it at this time; because there was no likelybood that 
The Councill would pass it, or to that Effect. 

This was designed to throw aSlurronthe Councill & 
to imprint an 111 Opinion of them in the Minds of the 
Ignorant Unthinking Multitude, as Men who Opposed 
any thing that was of benefit & Advantage to them. 

He Reported likewise, that they had past a Bill in 
that House Conformable to Her Maj ties injunctions in 
Relation to the Ease of the People called Quakers but 
that the Councill without Com'itting it had rejected it 
designing thereby to Mag'nifie their Obedience, & Our 
dis-obedience to Her Maj tleB Instructions when the 
Case is Really thus. 

Her Majesty Orders Her Governor to take care, that, 
in Order to the Case of the Quakers in what they con- 
cieve to be matter of Conscience So far as may be con- 
sistent with Good Oorder, and Government, An Act 
be passed in the Gen 1 . 1 Assembly to the like Effect as 
that parsed in England in the 7 8 & 8 l ? year of His late 
Maj ,ies Reign, Intituled, An Act that the Solemn 
Affirmation & declaration of the People called Quakers 
shall be accepted instead of an < >ath in the Usual form 
&c a Now this Act of theirs being directly contrary to 
what the Queen recom'ends, & to the Abovementioned 
Acts of Parliament. Mankind must wonder how any 
Set of Men could have assurance enough to make so 
false & Scandalous a Report, but the Men & their 
Principles are too Ma 1 1 ifest by their Notorious Practises. 

They Resolved to have a New Clerk to their Assem- 
bly, presuming that M- Pinhorne being formerly of 
the E. of Clarendon's appointment would not be a tool 
to them; they Addrest the Gov' ag* him. And though 



1711 J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 123 

every thing they Alleged was false in fact, or no 
Crime, Yet the Governor appointed one Bradford the 
Printer at New- York in his Room, who had been 
waiting in this Town about a Week before in Expec- 
tation of that Place. 

Thus You will plain perceive N. York & the Party 
Supply N. Jersey with Instruments requisite to acom- 
plish it's destruction. 

And having in this been Successfull, they Next at- 
tack the Secretary & Clerk & Councill M'.' Basse first 
by Complaints afterwards with Petitions and Ad- 
dreses. 

The Councill finding So Great an Inconvenience in 
the loss of One Honest man, the Clerk of the Assem- 
bly, & understanding Ml' Farmer 1 was designed to suc- 
ceed M- Basse if they could remove him, The 
Council resolved, if possible, to prevent that, there- 
fore by Advice of Colonel Quary, they drew up 
an Address to the Gov r in the Secretaries behalf, 
which I believe broke their Measures by the Unpleas- 
ant Answer the Council received, which together with 
the Address the Governor Ordered to be enter'd in the 




removed to Perth Am- 
boy in 1711, from Bent- 
ley, Staten Island, hav- 
ing previously, however- 
filled the post of Collec- 
tor of the Customs at 
the former place.— See 
Governor Hunter's let- 
ter to the Commissioners of the Customs, May Tth. 1711. Soon after his removal to 
New Jersey he was appointed Second Judge of the Supreme Court of the Prov. 
ince, and from March. 1738 to November, 1729. was the presiding Judge. In 1785 he 
was appointed one of the Council. He represented Middlesex County in the Assem 
bly from 1740 to 1743 during the administration of Governor Morris. F< »r some time 
before his death he was insaue. He left several children, one of whom. Christo- 
pher, took the name of Billop. which was the maiden name of his wife, and with it 
inherited a large estate on Staten Island, including its southern termination which 
is yet known as "Billop's Point." He identified himself with the enemy during 
the war of the Revolution, and it was in his house that the conference took : 
in September, 1776, between Lord Howe and Franklin, Adams and Rutledge,the 
Committee of Oongress.-History of Perth Amboy and the Surrounding Country, 
pp. 92-334— New York Colonial Documents.— Ed. 



124 ADMINISTRATION OF G0VERN0B HUNTER. [1711 

minutes, And therein Condemning M' Bass, as if posi- 
tive proof ag 1 him, tho' at that time he was intirely a 
Stranger to the Particulars of the Charge, having had 
no Sight of it, much less required to answer it. 

M!' Birchfield having Suspended M- (now called Col- 
lonel) Farmer for Generall Misdemeanors in his Office 
of Collector of Amboy, 1 though the Governor made 
Interest to keep him in, it was Resolved by the fac- 
tion, that Gentleman should be recompensed with the 
Secretaire's Office — 

You can easily judge what reason Wee had to ward 
ag l his being in Such Considerable Posts, as Secretary 
of the Province & Clerk of the Councill. 

It is reported, but I cannot affirm it. that His Ex- 
cellency sends over the charge ag- M r Basse to Brit - 
taine & recom'ends M- Farmer in his place; I hope you 
& all our friends will at least Endeavour to prevent 
that Party-Man being tosst upon Us, or any of that 
Party, which would be eaqually Mischievous. 

M-' Willokes was all this while busy in drawing Com- 
plaints against M r Sonmans which were much of the 
Same Nature with those in my Lord Lovelace's time, 
with this Addition, that, at the Middlesex Election, 
he clapt his hand behind, Declaring ag- a North-Brit- 
tain Government which was urged as a designed Af- 
front ag 1 His Excellency & all of that Nation, but, M- 
Sonmans answered All very largely, aCoppy of which 
he designs to send home to You in his Packet. 

M- Hall of Salem, was at the Same time, addrest 
ag- by the Assembly for making a wrong taxation of 
a Bill of Costs & Selling a Servant of his, whome they 
alleged was then a Prisoner, but he presented the Gov! 
with an answer in writing, as was thought to his Sat- 
isfaction; however it did not prevent his being tinned 



1 According to Governor Hunter, t lie sole reason therefor was Ms nol residing at 
Amboy.— New York Colonial Documents, Vol. V, p. 231. 



i;il| ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVERNOK HUNTER. 1 '.'■"> 

out from being chief* Judge of the Place, tS: Since the 
Grand Jury have found an Indictment ag 1 Benj. a 
Wright of Philadelphia for taking a false Oath ag- M'.' 
Hall about the Servant. 

You may be informed, that M r Hall being a reputed 
Quake]-, that Party depended on him for their tool, & 
he was at first highly caressed by the Governor who, 
(as M' Hall affirmed to me & most of the Gentlemen of 
the Coimcill) told him as a Secrett, that he bad resolved 
in a Month's time to have Settled the Governm* in 
another Manner than it was, had not the Surprizing 
alteration of the Ministry in Great Brittain intervened. 

However M 1 Hall could not be prevailed with to joyn 
with Morris, Johnstone &cl! but vigourously opposed 
their proceedings both in & out of Councill the 
Quakers have now given him a Surfeit, So that he 
went constantly to Church during his Stay in this 
town; And Some talk, (upon what grounds I know 
not) as if that was the Chief reason why he was 
removed from being Judge, & one Middleton a Quaker 
(who came into the County in Such a Poor condition, 
lie was forced to Sell himself a Servant to pay for his 
Passage) appointed Judge instead of M 1 .* Hall. 

The Assembly could now no longer disenable their 
designs; but, at once pluckt off the Mask by falling on 
Major Sandford a Representative, for the Count} of 
Bergen; because he had formerly, when of Her Maj t,e> 
Councill joyned with the Lieu' Gov 1 & Seaven more of 
that body in Signeing an Address to Her Maj ly ag. 1 the 
proceedings of the Assembly in vindication of Earl 
Clarendon, for this they expelled him the House 
making at the Same time a Vote, That that Address 
was False, Scandalous, &c a And That No Member of 
Her Maj tits Councill that Signed it, should be Ever 
capeable of Sitting in that House, till he had Publickly 
acknowledged his fault in So doing. 

Major Sandford was afterward elected a Representa 



126 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

tive a Second time for the Same County, not One op- 
posing him, with a Present of Money to bear his 
charges, & a Declaration that if they refused to admit 
him Or expelled him again, he Should be as often 
chosen; the Sheriff returned the Writt, but the House 
would not admitt him. 

M r Mott one of the Representatives for Monmouth 
County, a Gentleman who warmly opposed their 
Extravagant proceedings, was in like manner expelled 
the House because He & M 1 Lawrence had formerly 
petitioned the Governor & Councill to have Some Rea- 
sons about the Bill for the Canada expedition, which 
they had presented to Coll Nicholson, enter'd into the 
Journall, though the true Reason was his dissenting 
from them; He soon after was returned again by the 
County with a Gen! 1 concurrence, but not allowed by 
the Assembly to Sitt, Some in the House declaring it 
was Impudence in the County to return any Man they 
had expelled. 

Mr Trotwell [Fretwell?] was the next they designed 
for the Same fate with Major Sandford & M! Mott; 
but, what they had done in relation to those two mem- 
bers had So incenced the Counties for which they were 
chosen, with the Generality of the Province (that were 
not Quakers) that it was thought adviseable to proceed 
no further in Expulsions. 

From the time the Councill rejected the three Bills 
above mentioned there was a Whispering that Shortly 
Something would appear So frightfully to Severall of 
the Councill. as to oblige them to abandon the Province 
and then it would be in the Gov'" power to appoint a 
number of new Counsellors, Sufficient to carry all 
things as they had projected, this was 

A Bill, Enacting that all the Statutes ag- Bankrupts 
made in England Should be in force in this Province, — 
And it was Past & sent up, where, after Long Debates 
& Reasonings it was found the most Pernicious Bill 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. L2 i 

Imaginable; for besides, that M 1 .' Edward Billing, and 
M" John Fen wick, under whome all Persons in West- 
Jersey held their Lands, So that no man could be 
secure of his Estate, but the Ored 1 '. 8 of those two Gen- 
tlemen might come & take, from us Our Settlements; 
and Hundreds of the Inhabitants have purchased 
Lands of Other Prop 1 ' 8 who are likewise Bankrupts; So 
that to Pass Such a Bill were to depopulate and ruin the 
Province — But, there will be many Other Unanswer- 
ble Reasons Shown why Such a Destructive Bill 
ought not to Pass, and Wee doubt not to Satisfie Her 
Majesty & the Hon b,e Com' 8 of the Board of Trade & 
Plant a Why Some Other Bills were refused; hoping in 
few days more to recover the Packet Sent over by Pet r 
Stamons Esq-' from the Council in N. Jersey, which, 
by the Death of the Gentleman to whose hands it was 
intrusted to be delivered to M r Dockwra the Prop" Sec- 
retary has occasioned this loss of time. 

Another Bill is past for Support of Her Maj"? 8 Gov- 
ern in 1 to the value of £!»44 and £300 for the Assembly 
for One Year, New Currency; And the Same for the 
Next Year if the Gov r Shall continue So long among us 
But, in Case He should die, or be recalled before that 
time, then He or His Exec 1 ' 8 & the Other Officers of the 
Governm* aretorecieve their Salary, only to the time of 
his Death or rem o vail from the Governm? and what 
remains is to be lodged in the Treasurers hands to be 
disposed of by Act of General Assembly; Which is 
contrived to make all Governors and Other Officers 
Tools to the Assembly, or elce they Shall have no 
Salarys for, say they, Wee know not who may be Gov^ 
next, perhaps One that is no friend to the Quakers & 
Doct 1 ' Johnstone &c a whether this can be called a Rev- 
enue, or Something elce, I care not to name but You 
will easily Judge. 

The Governor assured the Assembly that Collonel 
Morris was Presid 1 of Her Maj ,U8 Councill by Her 
Particular Letter; And they Soon after Order d All 



128 ADMINISTRATION <>J- GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

their Bills to be delivered to M r Morris as President, 
who brought them afterwards to the Gov"' this was 
Opposed by the Majority of the Councill but to no 
purpose, the Governor declaring the Assembly must 
be humoured. Indeed the Greatest Care Imaginable 
was taken not to displease them, but to allow them 
their head in every thing. 

As for the Councill, as little regard was had for them 
(except Morris Gordon Gardiner & Deacon) as possible, 
nay less than during my Lord Lovelace's administra- 
tion: Howsoever, Notwithstanding all the Affronts 
wee met with, all the hardship wee lay under, Wee 
lost not a Jot of Our Courage, but did what was Our 
Duty to Our Queen & Country here; It is true, the 
Quakers & ther Adheerents in the Assembly revile us, 
but the Greater part of the Country thank and 
Contend us, And Wee are not out of hopes of Her 
Maj ti<>s Countenance and Protection, for without it 
Wee must all be crusht, and Sink under the weight of 
a Quaker- Arbitrary Assembly, than which Nothing 
can be more Intolerable to the English Men,& true Mem- 
bers of the Church of England by Law Established. 

M- Gardiner is to be Our Surveyor Generall if he is 
not already. ' 

1 Thomas Gardiner, the father of the one named in the text, was among- the first 
settlers of Burlington, arriving with his wife and children in 1618, and bringing with 
him considerable property. It is presumed that he was a brother of Peter Gardiner, 
a prominent Friend, who resided near Castle Hedingham. in Essex, England. He 
was elected a member of the first provincial Legislature that sat at Burlington in 
1682; and filled the positions of Commissioner for dividing and regulating land, 
Judge of Burlington County Courts, Treasurer of the Province and one of the Gov- 
ernor's Council with credit to himself and to the satisfaction of the people. He 
died in 16!M, leaving a widow and several children. Thomas Gardiner, mentioned 
in the text, 
w as one of 
his sons. 

He married y . i* L**^ / ■ s-i ) ' 

Hannah f ////TZO .' L/ (7J7/jC* 

M a the ws 

and resided 

for some 

years at 

Woodbridge. He was a practical surveyor and one of the Judges of Gloucester 

county. After the death of his father he removed to Burlington, and notwith- 




1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 129 

M r Gordon is Deputy-Treasurer under Johnston Bil- 
lop & Bradford. 

Billop has a Com'ission to be Escheator Generall. 

Captain Farmer is made a Collonel & Judge of the 
Pleas in Middlesex and Somersett, in the Room of M r 
Sonmans, where there is likewise an intire new Sett of 
Justices. 

Collonel Pinhorne is removed from being Judge in 
Bergen, & Fferry Morry in his Place. 

Cap- Bown is out in Monmouth, & Coll Morris first 
Judge in his Stead, 

Doctor Johnstone is Second Judge. 

Major Spicer, who went on the Expedition to Canada, 
is Superseded by Justice Tomlinson in Gloster County, 
& One Townsend a Quaker made Judge in Cape May 
County. 

In Short the Greatest part of those put in by Earl 
Clarendon and Collonel Ingoldesby, are turned out of 
Com'ission & Severall Quakers, and Men reconr ended 
by Quakers, put in. 

Collonel Townley is lately dead, in Whome the Hon- 
est Part of the Councill has Sustained a Great loss. 

Collonel Huddy is no more my Lieu 1 Collonel lie is 
So Uneasy at a Prosecution < >rder'd ag! him for a Mo- 
nopoly, onacco- of the Patent E: of Clarendon grunted 
him about Setting up His 1 mention of Carriages for 
Conveying Goods through the Province, that i believe 
if it is not Speedily Stopt, He will leave the Province, 
which 1 should heartily regret, he having been at a 
Vast expence in bringing matters to such a Perfection. 

As to my Self. 1 have dropt some words since the 



standing the difficulties encountered when lie would have entered upon his duties 
as Surveyor General of West Jersey, he appears to have filled the position for si i 
eral years with satisfaction. He was also, for several years, a member of the Coun< il 
and Treasurer of Cue Western Division and alter the union of the Provinces in 1703. 
the Speaker of the first Assembly. He died at Burlington in 1717. Smith's Nov. 
Jersey, p. --'00. Clements' First Emigrant Settlers in Newton Township. Gloucester, 
p. 353.— Ed. 



130 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

rising of the Assembly as if I designed for Brittain, 
which has Occasioned not a little Uneasiness to some 
People. 

I had like to have omitted informing You, that the 
evening before the Assembly was Prorogued, they de- 
livered the Governor a Representac'on of the State of 
the Province (as they call it) containing 32 Pages close 
writt Penn'd by Coll Morris & the non-Juror George 
Willokes; Doctor Johnstone read a [it ?] to Him, the As- 
sembly & Severall Other People being Present, but not 
one of the Councill except M- Morris; & as I am told 
by Some of the Assembly; his Answer was He would 
represent the Matters to the Queen, & doubted not but 
She would take Such Measures as would give a Gen 1 . 1 
Satisfaction. It contains (as Some Honest Assembly 
Anti-Quakers assure me) the most Scandalous and Vil- 
lainous Reflections on the E. of Clarendon & His L p . 8 
Administration that could be invented. So bad, they 
avoided nameing many of them. Severall Pages are 
writt ag- His Lo? & Coll Iogoldesby is likewise miser- 
ably traduced, and the late Chief Justice Mompesson, 
Collonel Pinhorne, Townley & Huddy, Mr Sonmans, 
Mr Hall & my Self, if youle believe 'em, are some of the 
worst of men — Two Hundred Coppies I hear have been 
printed but, Since the News of the happy change of the 
Ministry, & the Good agreem? bet'wixt Her Majesty and 
the Parliament; they were Ordered out of BradFord's, 
the Printer's hands & I understand wee here are not 
like to have a Sight of them. 

It is talkt abroad, as if Something like Scandalum 
Magnatum against his Lordship in that Representa- 
tion, had terribly scared Some People; And I believe 
the fear of that, Joined with the change of the Minis- 
try &c a keep it So private; Some here are of opinion it 
will be sent for Great Brittain by the Governor to some 
of his friends if not more Publickly; the first part I 
believe, though scarce the last; Yet no body doubts, but 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 131 

Collonel Moms & Doctf Johnstone will send Coppies to 
S r William Ashurt Michaiah Perry, my Lady Lovelace; 
And the Jersey Society. 

I just now hear a Report (but how well-grounded I 
know not) that what concerns the Lord Clarendon is 
to be omitted, & the Remainder ag? Collonel Ingoldes- 
by, and the Councill to be exposed. 

I cannot forbear mentioning one thing more, which 
a Gentleman assures Me to be true. & is as Great a 
piece of Knavery as can be imagined; The Assembly 
in their Representation Say: that when Collonel Quary 
Signed that Address (meaning that ag? Morris, Jen- 
nings &c a ) Wee believe he was Misled, and depended 
too much on the credit of Others; for he has since 
(they say) very much declined from Joyning with 
them, in many of their Hott & Rash Humours, and 
doth at present behave himself like a Man, that doth 
intend the Service of The Queen & the Good of the 
Country. This was to make the Councill Suspicious 
of Collonel Quarry. And to compliment him out of his 
design of exposing their Proceedings at home. Collonel 
Quary thinks himself highly affronted & injured on 
this Occasion; their Intention (as he imagins) being to 
make him both Knave & Fool; And he has often de- 
clared to Me, this Assembly was One of the Worst he 
ever knew, that, as far as he could percieve, there was 
Nothing So bad, but they won Id attempt; if they 
thought it would injure any of the Councill, that were 
not their tools, declaring he was Sick of them, & Re- 
solved never to see 'em again 

Mr Sonmans has lately procured Some heads of tin's 
Famous Representation which he will transmit! to 
you; what I have seen arc entirely false <>r miserably 
misrepresented. Judge Mompesson is turned out, & 
one Jemmison a North-Brittain, who lives at X: York 
is Chief Justice in his stead in this Colony of N. Jer- 
sey; the Man & his Morals are too well known. 



132 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

Mi" Kegnier in imitation of the Assembly forbears not 
according to his Usuall custome, to make out writts 
ag? the Gentlemen of the Councill; and but a few dayes 
since, Sent one to the Sheriffe of this County, to arrest 
Mr Huddy for £20, which he pretends is due to one 
Gomez a Jew in N. York; though in November term 
he had filed a Declaration ag! him for the very Same 
Money, and Mr Huddy had put in his Plea to it; And, 
wee are told by Some People, that the Gentlemen of 
the Councill have no Privilege at all tho' an Assembly- 
Man, or an Attorney of the Court has. 

Collonel Morris is made Second Judge of the Supream 
Court, and Thomas Gardiner & George Deacon both 
Quakers, Assistant Judges. 

The Governor of Pensylvania having past an act of 
Assembly, whereby a Solemn Protestation is to be 
taken, (the Name of God being Omitted, ) instead of the 
Solemn Affirmation appointed by act of Parliament, 
has Occasioned Addresses from Severall of the Minis- 
ters & Vestry's in that Colony to the Queen ag e passing 
y 1 Bill And Our Minister & Vestry of Burlington have 
done the Same. 

Wee are now in a much worse Condition than if 
Im'ediately under the Governm 1 of N. York, for most 
of Our Officers live in and belong to that Province, 
Yet wee must pay them. 

M r Morris The President of Our Councill, who is also 
Judge of the Pleas, in the County of Monmouth lives 
an Inhabitant of New York; Our Chief Justice, who 
has not One farthing Interest in the whole Province, 
Our Eeciev 1 : 8 Generall, Our Treasurers and their Secu- 
rities, Our Escheator Generall M r Joseph Billop, who 
has likewise no manner of Estate here; Our Auditor 
Generall the like; And Collonel Farmer the Judge of 
this County, Doctor Johnstone— Second Judge of 
Monm? County; Bradford the Clerk and Printer of the 
Assembly, all live in New York-Government; and, of 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OK GOVERNOB HUNTER. L33 

those that reside in this Province, all the North-Brit- 
tains that can be found, though never So Scandalous 
are preferred. And next to them the Quakers; So that 
the few tolerable Officers will not Act. or be concerned 
with them. 

You will by this Easily perceive the Miserable Con- 
dition of this Poor Province, how far we are from 
being reconciled or agreed; And I see no Prospect of 
Amendm 1 . while the Gov 1 ' of New York is Governor of 
New Jersey; And Wee labour under the dead weight 
of the Quakers. 

Now if the Councill was Purged of M r Morris, who 
has ever been Ringleader of the Seditious, Ml' Deacon, 
M r Gordon, and Mr Gardiner; And, the Quakers kept 
close to the Indulgence the Laws allow them, but not 
permitted to bear any Offices, much less to sit either 
in Councill or Assembly. 

And then the Vacancies in the Councill filled up 
with Honest Well-Meaning Men, Such as John Bown, 
Cornelius Long-field, and Charles Duncan for the East- 
ern; and Daniel Leeds Jacob Spicer &c a for the West- 
ern Division, I beleive this Province might be easily 
Settled, but if the two Vacancies now in the Council 
viz^ Major Sandford and Coll. Townley are supplied 
with Quakers or Others of the Confederacy in their 
Interest, as at the last time, and Such I have no doubt 
the Governor will recom'end, I doubt the County 
[Country?] will be ruined. 

[Rec'd p. M r Dockwra l-t fl June 1711 

Rec' d at y e Hon b : ,e board of Trade 13 July 1711 p r M r 
Popple the Seer] 



134 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 



Address of the New Jersey General Assembly to the 
Queen. Tendering their Support. 

From P. K. O. America and West Indies, Vol. VI. 1 

To the Queens most Excell? Majesty 

The humble Address of your Majesty's Loyall 
and Dutifull Subjects the General Assem- 
bly of your Majesties Colony of New Jer- 
sey. 

Most Gracious Soveraign 

The great Preparations your Majesty has made for 
the Reduction of Canada is a Demonstration that the 
Remotest of your Dominions are not Exempted from 
Your Roy all Care; and that the benefit ease and safety 
of your Subjects where ever they are as they are the 
good Effects of your Administration, So they are what 
Your Majesty most chiefly Studies to promote, which 
cannot fail of Engaging the favour and Assistance of 
heaven to make you always Victorious, and will pro- 
cure you a just ffame as lasting and as Glorious as the 
Trophies gain'd by your Triumphant Arms can Entitle 
you to. 

Our Duty and the Share we shall have in the com'on 
Security of North America, engages our Thankfull 
Acknowledging for Your Majesties ffavours. And as 
we have with great Chearfulness contributed to the 
very utmost of our Abilities to it, 1 so wee Shall most 
readily and most willingly Support Your Majties Gov- 
ernment and Study to do it in Such a manner as shall 
be most agreeable to you, espetially now wee feel the 
happy Effects of it in the Prudent Conduct of your 

1 Equal to £5,000, currency.— Ed. 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 135 

Majesties faithful Servant his Excellency Robert Hun- 
ter Esq- our Governour. God give Your Majesty 
many Days and may those days be happy, is the 
hearty Prayer of 

Your Majesties Most Dutiful Subjects 
Die Luna? 16 th July 1711 

By Order of the House 

John Kay Speaker. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Captain Cox — about 
Dispatching Troops to Albany. 

[From the N. Y. Col. MSS.. LVT, p. 2.1 

S r 

It is high time the Levys for the present Expedition 
were on their march and that I may discharge my 
promise to them and Enable them to to marche, I have 
ordered the Treasurer of your division to pay to Each 
voluntier you shall certify to have entered in this Ser- 
vice the Bounty I promised them and to give them a 
shilling a day apiece for their Subsistence on their 
march in lieu of provisions. 

I desire you to hasten them to Amboy w lh what 
speed is possible where their Clothing, Accutrem 19 & 
Arms lye ready for them and where vessells that be 
sent to transport them. 

Capt Cox— I am &c. 



Letter from Colonel Thomas Farmar to Governor 
Hunter— about Supplies for the Troops. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. LVI, p. 10.] 

Amboy July 31 91 1711 

S r 

I rec d Yours y e 20 th & 30 ,h Instant by Kirlon but 
Know of no Salt provision to be had in these parts for 



l.'5<i ADMINISTRATION (> !•' GO V EK N'OR HUNTER. [1711 

I have made Inquiry about it Except about 400 lb of 
Smokt Beef that M 1 Rudiard has w" liele take with 
him for his Company therefore there will be a neses- 
sety for Sending down as much as will serve them on 
their passage to Albany. The two Cap tB has got 
between 7<> c<: 90 men between them & would I belive 
have fild their Companies by this Time If they had 
not bin disapointed in Essex and bergen by the Com- 
panies Not meeting the begining of this Week as was 
Expected but however I belive they will be reddy to 
Imbarke y e begining of ye next week here will be 
Sloops ready for them then What they do in y e West- 
ern division I know not but If they Get as many men 
there as here there will be more Clothes & arms 
Wanted pray S r Give my humble Duty to his Exce" & 
belive to be, 

S r Your Most Humble Servt. 

Thos. Farmar. 
I have sent 400 pounds in bills to M r Gardner at 
Burlington. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Colonel Cox, about 
Discharging I r olunteers. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. LVL, p. 12.] 

S' 

I have the favor of yours of the 3 d Instant which 
tells me of a Petition sent to me from Philadelphia I 
have reced it indeed but Cannot do anything therein 
for its neither in my power nor for the Service to dis- 
miss the Voluntiers nor is Col Gookin very solicitous 
about it. I desire youT send the deserter to Amboy 
to be delivered to the Sheriff of that County the Charge 
whereof I will pay and direct him to send him in safe 
( Custody hither. 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. lol 

I will Endeavor to make Capt Strangeham and his 
officers as easy as I can I hope to see him w th his men 
here before I goe for Albany which will be in 2 or 
three days I am 

S' very humble Servt, 

Col. Cox. Ro. Hunter. 



Letter to Colonel Farmar, at Perth Amboy, about the 
Movements of His Troops. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. LVI, p 18 

His Excellency Desires you to let yo 1 Troops Come 
hither as soon as possible because he would see them 
before they go up and here they may have their 
victuals and those who want it Clothes if you have 
not engaged Sloops for Albany they may go from 
hence in Bateaux I hope you will hasten them for his 
Excellency will go up the Begining of the Week I am 

S r Yo' Most humble Servant 

New York August 3 d 1711. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary St Joint. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts.. Vol. V. p. 252. | 

| Extracts. | 

New York 12 th September 1711 
Sir 

What past in the two Assemblys which rnett y e one 
at New York y" 2' 1 of July, the other at Perth Amboy 
y e 6 Ul the Journalls of Councills and Assembly's of both 
Provinces mark'd C, will amply inform you. 



138 A D MINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

The Assembly of New York raised ten thousand 
pounds [for the Canadian Expedition.] 

The Assembly of y e Jerseys raised Five thousand 
pounds for this service to be disposed on by me, as 
y e minutes will informe you; I im ployed all hands and 
arts for levys there, and with some difficulty found at 
least neare upon two hundred volunteers. In short 
before y e end of ye month, I had the troops levy'd, 
clothed, accoutred and victualled and upon their march 
for Albany, had ready made 330 batteaus, capable of 
carrying each six men with their provisions * * 

You are pleased to lay yo 1 commands upon me to 
take into my thoughts the whole state of y e Brittish 
interest in these parts. I am highly sensible of y e 
honour you doe me, and at y e same time of my want 
of capacity to think much to the purpose on soe great a 
subject, which indeed deserves and requires the 
thoughts of the greatest councill in y e realme. 

That it is in a bad state the frequent tumults in all 
parts and y e generall aversion to y e support of govern- 
ment in most, are sufficient indications. What you 
are pleased to hint of putting all North America under 
one uniforme plan of government would most certainly 
be a sure remedy; but I am afraid it is too lingering a 
one for y e present exigences; The purchasing pro- 
priety es and takeing away of usurpations being a 
work of time and trouble. The Proprietary Govern- 
ments which were modell'd according to y e humours 
of their respective Proprietors consist of y e Governour 
and y e Representatives, the Council in most being a 
mere cypher, haveing no share of y e legislature : by 
which meanes y e Governonrs depending upon y e good 
will of y e people for their dayly bread, have beene 
obliged to make such concessions and past them into 
laws, that if these governments be purchased and con- 
tinued upon the foot they now stand, her Maj ty pay 
deare for much trouble and noe dominion. This is 



1711] ADMIXISTKATION OF (iOYF.UNOK HUNTER. 139 

y e plan of the government however they all aime at, 
and make noe scruple to own itt. 

* -x- •;•:• * # * 

I wish it were in my power to doe for M r Harrison as 
he deserves and I cou'd wish. There is one imployi nent 
which is imediately in yo r owne, that is, y Secretaries 
place of y e Jerseys; M r Bass the present Secretary be- 
ing soe obnoxious a man and indeed infamous that I 
cannot believe her Maj ty will be induc't to keep him 
there, after the representations T have made ag l 
him: There is another since M r Keile has given over 
thoughts of returning hither, which is, Surveyor Gen- 
erall of ye Customes in these parts, M 1 Brushfield 
[Birchfield] who is possest of that place being gone 
for England and demeaned himself in such a manner 
whilst here that I can hardly be perswaded y e Commis- 
sioners of y e Customs will send him back hither againe 

'.': -X- -if -V: Vc '■'; 

I am Sir 

Your most faithfull. most 

humble and obed* Serv 1 

Ro: Hunter 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Jeremiah Basse Sec- 
retary, &c— about Commissions for the Su- 
preme Court Judges. 

IFrom N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. LV1. p 136.1 

New York Oct r 22 d 1711. 
Sr. 

I Returne you y e paper sealed w" 1 proclamation 
which I desire you 1 Cause to be published forthwith to 
make out and send me to be Sealed by y e Returne of 
this Post two Com'issions for Judge of y c Supream 
Court one in y c name of Thomas Ffarmar Esq! and 



140 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

y e other of John Reading Esq' and also a Ded: pro 
testatem Directed to David Jamison Esq!" to Swear 
them, the time of sitting for y e next Supream Court 
is drawing on apace, Soe that you will perceive that 
there is a necessity of yo r Dispatching those things 
that I may have them on Satturday next lam 

Yo r humble Servt. 
To Jeremiah Bass, Esq r Eo: Hunter. 



Memorial of New Jersey Proprietors in England to the 
Lords of Trade — about the disputes between the 
Council and Assembly of New Jersey. 

I From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey. Vol. I. C 110.] 

The Memoriall of the Proprietors of New Jersey 
to the Right Hon b | e the Com 1 ; 8 of Trade & 
Plantations. Dated 7 th Novf 1711. 

To the Right Hon'ble the Lords Comissions^ for 
Trade & Plantations. 

The Memorial of the Proprietors of the Province of 
New Jersey. 

Humbly Sh ewe th , 

That by Severall Letters from thence they have re- 
ceived Advices of the Great Disorders and Confusions 
there amongst the people in Breach of the Peace and 
quiet of the Province and preventing the Prosperity 
thereof. 

That the Causes and Springs of these Disorders are 
largely Sett forth in a Representation of the Assembly 
of the Province to which the Proprietors humbly de- 
sire to referr. 

That they have often laid before this Hono'ble Board 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 141 

particularly in their Memoriall of the 26'? Nov r 1709 
That the Continuing W Daniell Cox, Peter Sonmans 
and others (therein mentioned) in the Council tended 
to promote those factions and Divisions, and prayed 
that they might be left out, and men of Justice & 
Temper nominated to Succeed them 

That Matters are now Come to Such a heighth that 
unless Some Speedy Remedy be applyed, the Proprie- 
tors Interest will be lost, and the Province brought to 
utter ruine. 

For preventing therefore these ill Consequences the 
Proprietors do again humbly apply to this Hono'ble 
Board That the Said Daniell Cox Peter Sonmans and 
also William Pinhorn Hugh Huddy and W 1 ! 1 Hall may 
be left out of the Gov? Councill, and that Jeremiah 
Basse who is Notorious for many ill Practices may be 
dismissed from the Office of Secretary of the Province 
and their places Supplyed by Such fitt persons as to 
yo r Lordships great Wisdom shall seem meet 

Jn° Norton J Dominique 

Joseph Ormston for E Eichier 

himself & by procuration Jn" Bridges, 
for George Willocks. Cha s Michel 

Char: Dunster Fra Michel 

John Whiting Rob Michel 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Jeremiah Basse, 
Secretory. &c. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSN.. Vol. LVII, p. 8.] 



s 



M r Gardner having represented to me that for want 
of his being Sworne Surveyor Gen" to the Proprietors 
of the Western Division of New Jersey some Incon- 
veniencies have arisen whereby And desiring me to di- 
rect you (who have aGenerall | . . >. . . |) to Swear him 



142 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

I think his request very reasonable and I doe hereby- 
direct you to qualify him for that office that no further 
inconveniencys may happen by the neglect of it. 

I desire you likewise to make out Commissions for 
the underwritten persons Edward Earle Shinar High 
Sheriff of Bergen County. 

John Cooper, High Sheriff of Essex. John Camp- 
bell of Amboy High Sheriff of Middlesex and Somerset 
County. 

John Barclay Clerk of Middlesex & Somerset Coun- 
ty. Henry Leonard Sheriff of Monmouth County 
Thomas Hoiks Jun r Sheriff of Burlington County. I 
will send you the names of the other Sherriffs for the 
Ensueing year I am S r 

New York Y r very humble Servt 

Nov. 25 t . h 1711. 



Letter from Jeremiah Basse to Governor Hunter, 
Relating to Surveys. 

From N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. LVII. p. 8.1 

Burlington the 29 th Novem 1711. 

May it please Your Excellency — 

Sr—I Received Your Excellcy. of the 26 tl instanl 
and have made out the Commissions according to Your 
Excellcy orders. M r Gardiner hath not as yet been 
with me to take the oath and think it my duly to 
acquaint your Excellcy. that before I Received your 
Ecellen cys Letter there was a Caveat entered againsi 
him as Surveyer General by Col Coxe a Copie which 1 
have sent your Excellency & shall waite your Excel- 
lent pleasure therein as I acquainted Your Excellency 
that M r Gardiner and others were dissatisffied with .M r 
Leeds Serveys & have Caveated the entry soe I must 
likewise informe your Exc v that severall persons that 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 143 

have had lands serveyed by M r Leeds are very much 
displeased they Cannot have them put on Record they 
thinke that they are as Equaly entitled to have them 
Entered as M r Gardiner or any other & look upon it as 
matter of property which the Court of Juicature Can 
determine this Controversary may it please your Ex- 
cell — hath been no new thinge Since in the time of My 
Lord Cornburys administration this was an order of 
his Lordship in Councill Dated the 20"' May 1700 to 
the Attorney Generall to presecute Thomas Gardiner 
for Pretending to be a Surveyor Generall of the West- 
ern division of this province producing any authority 
for soe doing on this M r Attorney Gen" filed an Infor- 
mation against him to which he appeared in Court but 
before it came to tryall on Some aplication to Col 
Ingoldesby he sent a note * * * to the Attorney 
Generall on which Mr Attorney Generall by an order 
to me of the 24 th Oct 1 " 1709 put a stop to all proceed- 
ings. Since which time Surveys coming to the office 
either from one or the other of them have been entered 
without Scruple till this New Caveat unless in some 
particular Cases where a Prior Survey of the same 
lands has been alleged I have thus given your Excel- 
lency a short accot of the matter which I must leave 
to your Excellencys determination onely I begg leave 
to add that if either the one or the other doe act 
irregularly in their Surveys the Law is open and the 
person, agreived may without much difficulty be 
righted & there is little danger, but when it comes to 
a Jury their owne interest will obleidge them to be 
( arefull how they Give their verdict I begg your Ex- 
cellencys pardon for what I have writt and thai you 
will esteame me to be may it please your Excellency 
Your Excellencys most 

affectionate & humble Servant 

J. Bass. 



144 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 



Letter from Thomas Gardiner to Governor Hunter.' 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. JJVJL, p. 23.1 

Burlington, Decern!? ye 11 th 1711. 
May it Please the Governed 

I hoped I should not haue Gaue ye Gover. any fur- 
ther trouble Consarning my being Quallified as Sur- 
veyor Gen" nor Indeed had not but Secetoary Basse 
takeing on him to Interperit the orders the Goverl Was 
pleased to Derect him by to Quallifie mee as Such, 
first tell ye next Day I beliue hee had not tell then his 
full Instructions how to actt I here y* night they had 
a meetting &c; soe Next Morning I came againe & 
then hee tooke mee to the Attorneys & After some 
small time possitiuely Eofuysed Except I would take 
the Oathes, the Which hee knew I Could not doe, And 
I Deseired him to Quallifie mee y e same Way as hee 
well knew I had Don several! times to serue in Gener 1 . 
Assembly & Now as a Member of her Majesties Coun- 
sell I alsoe aded that hee knew had hee not taken the 
Dedemus & Eowles [rules) home from the Gove 1 " 
house it had not been then to be Don, and further 
Where hee Beliued had it then boon Don Were > 
Gover. Would Eefuysed mee for not Swereing to 
Which with a short answer told mee hee Did not 
know (nor) beliue (con - ) how Euer all would not pre 
vaill With him to Obay y Goverl! orders hee Giue 
more Regard to the orders of some other here away. 
the truth of all is both hee & Coll Coxe Knew I will 
not Eun on Land Knowing ye same to be formerly 
Survayed to Oblidge & Gratifie any person how Great 



1 This letter is printed as furnished from the New York Colonial Manuscripts at 
Albany, but from the estimation in which Thomas Gardiner was held for his intel- 
ligence and ability, the Editor is not willing to consider him responsible for the 
many errors in orthography and diction which it contains.— Ed. 



1711 J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 145 

Soever as Daniell Leeds Doth frequently doe & hath 
Don in Several places & Basse Resevd them & Say 
lett ye owners try for it, Nor Indeed Can they as much 
as hope I licke [like] them Shall act Contrary to all 
our former and p'sent Rulls such as hath been Estab- 
lished from the first Settelling of this Country and 
allowed both by y e proprietors here & att home* & 
Euen Docttor Coxe himselfe tooke vp noe Land as I 
I know of but by the same authority, althow his Son 
now Indever to Destroy it, I shall not further inlarge 
the Gover! may better Inform him selfe by another 
from y e Counsell of propriety them seines Which 
Cometh herewith, I here of a Large Written Instru- 
ment Carried about by Leeds to gett Subscribers it is 
all Ready subscrib by Coxe Sinnomons and a pretty 
many others of their Interest allthow Some Repent as 
hath don it I know not Well What it Containe I here 
the Gov! is mentioned in In it and my Selfe I had ye 
Information from Some as was perswaded to Signe 
but would not When I Can be fully Informed If any 
thing in it Consarne ye Gover! I shall advise accord- 
ingly I had written by ye Last post but tell Satterday 
a lettell befor Sun Sott I gott my Letter & next Day 
ye post Retoorned soe Could not, I pray the Gov! to 
pardon this trouble and hee will ffurther oblidge him 
Whoe is With all Due Respects the Gover 5 Reale & 
sencere ffrend to serue him In What I may 

Tho: Gardiner, 
I am told Just now that Basse hath been & Swore to 
ye Grand Jury that hee had tendered mee ye Qualifi- 
cation as Survey" Gen 11 & I Refused What hee Intend 
by it time will make it appeare (Decemb r ye 12) this 1 
thought Good to advise y e Gover! as hee may see What 
is in hand & how fare is Commands is obeyed 



10 



146 AbMi^isTkATioN or GOVEftKoit iiixtek. [l^H 



Protest of Daniel Leeds and others — ((gainst the Pro- 
ceedings of the Comic it of Proprietors of West 
Jersey. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS.. Vol. LV1L. p. 35'.] 

Whereas, we whose names are here underwritten 
Proprietors or Purchasers of our Several Respective 
Shares and Rights in the Westerne division of New Jer- 
sey haue with many other our fellow proprietors of the 
s d Westerne division here in England and elsewhere 
for many Years last past Groaned vnder the burthen 
of a dispotical uncontroled power exercised by a perticu- 
ler set of men Stileing themselves a Councell of Pro- 
prietors for the Westerne division of New Jersey who 
have taken upon them to Inspect and Judge of mens 
titles allowing or dissallowing them according to their 
owne humors with out any Regard to the known laws 
of England or the rights of their fellow proprietors 
and haue Contrary to the Said known laws and in Con- 
tempt of her Majesties Authority taxed the Subject by 
demanding and taking several Sumes of money from 
them under pretence of paying for Warrants to Lay 
out Land and Recording them & [ . ? . ] a Common Seale 
Chuse officers and enter their on [. ( . j Registers and Ac- 
tuarys as if they were a body Corperate and politiq in 
perpetuity [ . '. . | Warrants to Survey land directeing 
them to their pretended Surveyor Generall or his deputy 
impowering him to take up any land not legally sur- 
veyed thereby asumehig a power to appoint their Sur- 
veyor. Judge of what land is legally taken up and sur- 
veyed and what not. All which with many other things 
of the like nature tend to the dishonor of her Majesty 
and her Government to the disturbance of thepublique 
peace of the province and to the destruction of the 
property of the Subject. Wherefore we in behalfe of 



1711] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 1 W 

ourselves and many other our fellow proprietors t < >r 
[ > i < 'ser veing our Just Rights and Property to our sever; 1 1 1 
and Respective shares of land of the said Western divi- 
sion of New Jersey doe in the best manner and [. '. . j We 
Can disowneand prefect [protest] against all the said 
proceedings of the said pretended Councill of proprie- 
tors disowning their authority and Reguardiug them 
onely as private persons who can take up and dispose 
of no more then their particular shares of land and 
this we pray may be entered upon the publiq Records 
of the province in the Secretary's office. Daniell Leeds, 
John Woolsson Abraham Hewlings John Gosling, 
John Woolsson Jun. Samuelle Woolsson 
Leeds, Philo Leeds, Sam 1 Gooldy Jacob Sebering J. 
Pinhorne John Halgard Jacob Hewling John Cramer 
Samuell Potter Japhet Leeds. 



December the 5"' 1711. 
I Thomas Gardiner Surveyor ( reneral of the West- 
ern division of New Jersey doe by these presents for- 
bid & desire that no Survey or Returne of Survey 
whatsoever made and Returned by any Surveyor that 
may pretend any authority from me or otherwise to 
l»e entred on * - * only such as shall be Signed by 
[me] untill the matter be heard and determined by the 
Governer in Councill whereof I pray due observancy 
may be had, 

Tho Gardiner Sur. Generall. 



Mr. Secretary Bass 

1 do hereby Caveat against Thomas Gardiner his 
being sworne or asserted Surveyor Generall till he has 
the Concent of me as a proprietor and the rest of the 
proprietors in Generall and also against all Surveys 



US ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

being Recorded that are or shall be Returned by him 
or any other Surveyor which is not qualified Accord- 
ing to the Queenes instructions and that of Parlia- 
ment. 

Daniel Leeds 
Dated t2 tb Dece: IT 11 



Letter from, Jeremiah Basse to Governor Hunter — 
about swear i ng Thomas Gardiner into office. 

IFrom N. Y. Col. MSS.. p. 36.] 

May it please Your Excellency, 

Sr. 

Since my last to your Excellency Mr. Gardiner has 
been with me to qualify him as Surveyor Generall of 
the Western division of this province I acquainted him 
with Col. Coxe Caveat that I had sent a Coppy to 
your Excellency & waited Your further orders after 
Some other discourse M 1 Attorney Generall being present 
I told him of the order I had Recieved from Your Excel- 
lency to sweare him on which I asked him if the Cav- 
eat was dismissed whether he would take the usual! 
oaths &c: he told me no but that he would take an 
attestation : I told him had no orders but to swear him 
oc the dedimus I had Received gave me no authority 
to administer an attestation to [ .... '. .... J 
qualify for an office of profit. Since the act of Par- 
liament that admitted the Quakers sollemn afirma- 
tion did perticularly provide against it he aserted 
that it was your Excellences intentions that he should 
be admitted on an animation which I thought he 
was mistaken in | . . ( . . J your Excellency had we 
plainly explained yourselff by useing the word [ . ? . | 
Sweare he told me he should Complaine of the delay I 
gave him which since it had no better foundation then 
because I would not satisfie his humor against your 



1712] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. L49 

Excellencys orders & the known laws of the land I was 
very little solicitious about: Inclosed I send Your Ex- 
cell'y a Coppy of a paj)er I Keced from him and an- 
other Caveat from Mr Leeds with a paper delivered 
to me by Coll Coxe all which are submitted to Your 
Excellencys Judgement I received by the last post the 
Proclamations for the further prerogation of the As- 
sembly which I published and shall take to send to the 
Severall Sheriffs by the first opertunity I begg the 
favor of your Excellency to Sealethe Enclosed Coppy s 
of Wills & that you will believe me to be 

Your Excellencys most humble and 

affectionate Servant 

J. Basse. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade, 
about Changes in New Jersey Council. 

[From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey, Vol. I, C. 122.] 

Letter from Colonel Hunter, Governor of New 
Jersey, Reed: 10 April 1712 Ex' 1 

New York 1 s . 1 January 1 11 1— [1 71 1-12] 

My Lords. 

This Letter Serves to Inform Yo r Lordps of the 
Affairs in the Jerseys, Which will not give Yo r Lordps 
much trouble. All matters being in Suspense there till 
her Maj ties pleasure be known concerning those Gen- 
tlemen of her Council mentioned in my former. Lie 
venture to promise an Intire Settlement both as to her 
Maj tie8 Interest and the Animosities in the Country Soe 
she'l be pleased to Remove Daniel Cox. William Pin- 
horne Peter Sonmans and William Hall Esq rs from 
that Board, M r Pinhornehas not thought fitt to Attend 



150 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BUNTER. [1712 

the Council Since y e Assembly at Burlington, and M r 
Hall has been the Cheife promoter of an Address from 
the County where he lives of a very Extraordinary 
nature, a Copy of Which I herewith send Yo r Lordps 
Mark't F: the Consequences of Which have been that 
little or noe Taxes have been paid by that County and 
I very much doubt Whether any will be paid without 
some Extraordinary Measures to Compell them. 

As to the Supream Court there I found it necessary 
to displace all the Gentlemen of the Council of both 
Sides from being Judges Assistants, and to place others 
of known Integrity and Reputation in their Room, 
their being, soe being noe part of the Institution of the 
Court and holding these places only by Special Com- 
mission from the Governours this was the only method 
left to Obviate Confusion in that Court, Where all 
matters were in danger of being determined more by 
Spirit of party than Rules of Justice, And also to Re- 
store the people to the benefitt of Appeals of Which 
they might be bereaved by the number of Assistants 
on the Bench leaving noe Quorum to determine in the 
Appeale, Such by my Instructions haveing noe Vote 
there. 

If Yo r Lordps Approve of y e Method of Opening the 
Court of Chancery in New York I shall be under a 
necessity of doeing it by a Proclamation in the Jerseys 
despairing of ever Obtaining the Advice and Consent 
of that Majority in Councill there as they now Stand, 
Or any Advice for Opening such a Court, there being 
nothing more Dreaded by that Sett of Men than a 
Court of Equity not without Reason. 

I am with all due honor and regard My Lord 
Your Lordships most humble and most obed* servant 

Ro: Hunter. 



1712] ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 1 •"> 1 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade, 
Asking for Action in Relation to the New Jersey 
Council. 

I From P. R, O. B. T. New York No. 1 ■">, A a 102. 

Letter from Colonel Hunter, Dated the 1° 
March 178 

My Lords 

[Extract.] 

* * * * :: " I must again Beg your Lordships to 

signify her Majesty's Pleasure Concerning the Gentle- 
men of the Council of Jersey whom I Desired to have 
Removed from that Board, for by the means of some 
of them the Taxes in many Countys are now in very 
Great Arrear, & I fear the Influence they have had 
on these will have* very Pernicious Effects on the rest, 
& whilst they Continue in their present Stations 1 can 
Propose to my Self very Small Hopes of Effecting any 
thing for her Majesty's Service. 

Your Lordships may Guess at my Uneasiness, hav- 
ing heard nothing from your Lordships Since last 
Summer. * " * :: " I wait with Great Impatience 
for your Lordships Commands & Am with All Imag- 
inable Honour & Regard 

My Lords Your Lordships Most obedient 

and most Humble Servant 
Ro: Hunter 



Letter from Jeremiah Basse to Governor Hunter. 

[From N. Y. Col. HSS., Vol. LYII. p. 137.] 

Burlington the 10 th April 1712 
May it please Your Excellency 

S r I thinke it my duty to acquaint your Excellency 
that this being the day that the Gentlemen that call 



152 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1712 

thenaselves Proprietors of this division anualy are ac- 
customed to meet to chuse what they Call a Council! 
of Proprietors there were about thirty mett at the 
house of Captain Allison & after time they proceeded 
to Elect five persons to take [care] of the Concernes of 
the Proprietors in this County and the Choice by a 
very great majority fell on Coll. Coxe John Wills 
Peter Fretwell Thomas Stevenson and Josua Hum- 
phreys M r Merry was put up by M 1 Gardiner but had 
not above three or four votes as I saw after the Elec- 
tion over Coll Coxe told them that since that [they? J 
had made Choice of him to be one of them that are to 
manage the afaires of the Proprietors for the ensueing 
Yeare he should soe far accept of their choice as to 
doe what ever he Legally could for their service & 
should on his Endeavor for the Obtaineing a law to 
settle their estates and to enable them to doe anything 
tending to that End which they perhaps now might 
not be authorized to doe. Some one person in the 
Company saying that he hoped since they were so 
unanimously Chosen that they would take care [not 
to?] loose any power that Custome might have given 
them or some such words the Collonell againe Reply ed 
that he should Endeaver to answer the trust they Re- 
posed in him in doeing Every thing for their Service 
that the Law would warrant. * * * * * Beleive 
me to be 

Your Excell y most Affectionate 
humble Servant 

J. Bass. 



Persons Recommended to Fill Vacancies in the Coun- 
cil of New Jersey. 

From P. R. 0. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. I, C Ill and 115.] 

Memorial from M? Richier Vice President of 
the Society of y? Proprietors of New Jer- 



1712] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 153 

sey, recommending- 6 persons to hv of the 
Council of that Province. 

London ye U-^'l May 1712 
At a meeting of y e Proprietors of y e Province of New 
Jersie Upon reading over y e Names transmitted from 
thence to the Right Hono'ble y e Lords Comm's for 
Trade & plantations for their Lordsh 1 " to make choice 
of Six Persons to Supply y" places of five men in y 
Council complain'd of both by y" Assembly there tSc y 
Proprietors here, viz 1 W" Penhorn: Peter Sunmans in 
y e Eastern Division, & Dan Cox Hugh Hoddy & W ln 
Hall in y e Western, & one viz* Eichd Townley lately 
dece'd in y e Eastern It is most humbly proposal by y e 
Said Proprs y l y e Persons undervvrit may fill up y" 
intended vacancies being men of Substance & probity 
recom'ended both by y c Govern 1 & Assembly of y' 
Province & approv'd of by y' Proprietors here. And 
y e said Prop 18 do make it their humble request to Paul 
Doeminique Esq 1 President of their Society y l he would 
represent This to ye Right Hono'ble y e Lords Comm rs 
&c that this may have y e needfull dispatch given it; 
being well assured y l if it be much longer delayed her 
Maties interest as well as y' of y" Prop 1 " 3 will Suffer 
very much by it & y e province brought into y e utmost 
confusion 

Signed by y e order of the said Proprietors 

E. Richier V P 

In y e room of t W n . 1 Pinhorne - John: Anderson E 
Western Division < Peter Sonmans- W m : Morris E 

( Richd Townley Elisha: Parker E 
i Dan: Cox - - - John: Hamilton W 
Western Hugh Hoddy - Tho: Byerly W 

( W" 1 : Hall Jn? Redding W 



\:a 



ADMINISTRATION <>F GOVERNOR BUNTER. 



171! 



W m Morris. 

John Hamilton, 
Tho: Byerly 

John Reading 



Names and Characters of 6 Persons, recom- 
mended by M 1 ; Doeminic to supply Vacan- 
cies in the Council of New Jersey. 

John Anderson , both inhabitants in Pirth Amboy, 
Elisha Parker [ very large Trader's, and Old Plant- 
er's, and men of the Best Estates 
upon the place 

A man of an extraordinary Charac- 
ter, as well as Master of a good Estate 
Postmaster Gen; 1 of North America 
a Gentleman of the best Estate in the 
Country & in a Plublick post. 
I have not yett mett w 11 ' any body 
that personally know's him tho' hee 
is transmitted by the propriet™ from 
thence as a man fitly Qualified for 
that post &c 

My Lords 

Seeing you vouchsafed mee the favour to nominate 
& recomend the above S' 1 Persons to be placed in the 
Council] in the Roome of those who have brought the 
Jersies into the Utmost Confusion &c 1 Begg leave to 
assure you I have bin very diligent in my enquirys & 
doe find there is not one of 'em inclinable to Presbytery. 
but all well affected both to Church & State, and whose 
Estates & abilitys qualifie 'em for that post, all w '' is 
Submitted to y r Lordsh'ps 



L712] VDMIMSTKATION OF GOVEKXOB HUNTER! 155 

Representation of the State of the Church of England 
in New York and New Jersey — by Rev. Jacob 
Henderson, Missionary. 

| From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V. p. 334.] 

A short State of the Church of England planted 
in the Provinces of New York and New- 
Jersey in America 1 

Notwithstanding there are two Acts of Assembly for 
establishing a Ministry in the Province of New York and 
several particulars in those two Acts y* make it plain, 
y* it is the Church of England ministry they establish, 
and that ministers of the Church of England have al- 
ways possessed the six churches in that Province and 
all the Benefits belonging to them, provided by the 
afore a Laws, yet the Dissenters have taken forcible 
possession of the Parsonage house Glebe Lands and 
Salary of Jamaica on Long Island, which does belong 
to one of the aforesaid six Churches and do keep the 
same from the present Incumbent, and y' by tlie 
countenance of Coll Hinder the Govemour of New 
York and New Jersey, who turned out of the commis- 
sion of the peace & other places of the Governm 1 the 
Gentlemen of the Church of England and promoted 
Dissenters in their Room who have refused to do jus- 
tice to the Church in that particular. 

In New Jersey there are noe laws made in favor of 
the Church, and but four Ministers of the Church of 
England in that Province The Quakers and other Dis- 
senters are most numerous and do make up the great 
est part of the Assembly, which is the reason why no 
Law has been passed, in the Church's favour, but they 
have not been able to do any harm to it. in regard of 
the Plurality y l the Queens Council are good church- 



1 This representation is not directed to any one. but was intended to be presented 
to the Lords of Trade, and certainly reached them. See letter from the Governor 
to the Board under date of March 1 Ith, 1713.— Ed. 



L56 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVKRNOB HUNTER. [1712 

men, and have always opposed any attempts made to 
her Prejudice by y" Quakers or other Dissenters, who 
have at their head one Coll : Morris a profess'd Church- 
man, but a man of noe manner of principles or credit, 
a man who calls the service of the Church of England 
Pageantry, who has Joyned in endeavours to settle a 
conventicle in the City of New York and whose prac- 
tice it is to intercept letters, and let such as pleases 
him pass, and those y' doe not he destroys as can be 
fully proved. 

This Coll Lewis Morris with the present Governor 
Coll Hunter have written to the lords commission" of 
trade, to turn out of the Councill six church of Eng- 
land men and to put in six others in their room, some 
of them Dissenters and those that are of the church 
are such as will run into all the measures of the As- 
sembly and therefore of the worst consequences to the 
Church in that Province, for by the countenance that 
the Dissenters now have in that Province one Woolsey a 
new England Preacher took the Church of Hopewell, 
tho' it was built by the subscriptions of church of Engl d 
men and for the service of the church of England, what 
u sage then must the church expect if both the Queens 
Council and the Assembly I mean y l Plurality of both 
are inclined to serve the Dissenters Interest which will 
certainly be the issue of turning out these six Gentle 
man and advancing the other six in their Room 

A SCHEME OP THE CHANGE-NEW JERSEY. 

EAST division— out. I John Anderson, 

j a Scotch Presby- 
I terian. who com- 
j mantis a ship to 
: Darein in the Scot 
A verv suitable honest] jtish expedition 

Gentleman who is a zeal- I w .„. _. .. ... ! thither and on his 

._ c 4.1. -William Pinhorne- -m his room- r „ hlr] , in at \... 
ous trne member of the i return in at aiii 

Church of England. bo >" N Jerse J' & lett 

| his ship rot & plun- 
j drd her and with 
ye plunder bought 
(.Land. 



L'712] 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



L57 



A person who is a declar- 
ed Church of England man 
whom I have seen several 
times at Church in ye city 
of New York and once at 
Burlington, & who has giv- 
en 200 Acres of Land to ye 
Church at Hopewell. 

Was as I'm creditably 
inform'd a very worthy 
zealous Church of England 
man but dead and is suc- 
ceeded in Estate of his son 
a very proper person to be 
of the Council. 

WEST DIVISION. 
A very worth Gentleman 
and a zealous church man 
who has given 200 Acres of 
Land to the church of 
Hopewell. 



A good Churchman . 



Once a Quaker but now 
a Church man and very 
zealous to serve the Church 



Peter Sonmans — in his room- 



Richard Townlev— in his room- 



Daniel Cox— in his room- 



f Wilson Morris, a 
) poor ignorant 
j person who once 
| kept a Ferry at 
I New York. 



Elisha Parker, 
an Independent 



John Harrison, 
! who as I amcred- 
I itably informed 
! was brought up 
with one Kid a Pi- 
I rate. 



Hugh Huddy— in his room- 



William Hall 



, Thomas Byerly 

! Ye Queen's Col- 

I lector at New York 
who has been often 

: suspended for mis- 
demeanors & is 

I n6w under suspen- 

{ sion. 

| Thomas Reading 
a man of no prin- 
ciples & who joyns 
with the Quakers in 
in all their meas- 
ures. 



This is the manner they would have the Council of 
New Jersey modelled but it is strange to observe what 
sort of Persons some are that they would have con- 
firmed 



Robert Quary . . . The Queens Surveyor Genii whom 

they were afraid t<> write 
against. 



George Deacon . 
Thomas Gordon 



A Quaker. 

A poor ignorant insignificant fel- 
low- whom they have made 



158 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



[1712 



Treasurer of y e Province tho' 
he has no Estate but a Tool to 
serve y'" in all affairs. 

This is a true state of the Matter to which I sub- 
scribe this 2'" 1 day of June 1712. 

Jacob Henderson Missionary. 
Dover Hundred in Pensilvania 1 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Magistrates of 
Gloucester County. 

L From N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. LVII., p. 164.] 

N. York June 9 th 1712. 

Gentlemen 

I am informed by Col. Quary and M l Bass that you 
have been very zealous in prosecuting the Custom 
house officers who seized a Shallup laden w th foreign 
Sugar- and brought her to Gloucester from whence Coll 



1 Governor Hunter in a letter to John Chamberlayne. dated February 25th, 1711-12 
thus alluded to this gentleman : 'There came over hither one Mr. Henderson, a 
missionary with a new Light who was pleased to define the repairing of the Chap- 
pel [in the Fort] a Schism, and having by that means sett us all on fire again, he is 
upon his departure for England charged with the clandestine representation [re- 
flecting upon the Governors administration in reference to the interests of the 
Church of England.] This young gentleman came from England not long agoe for 
Dover Hundred in Pensilvania whether he disliked the people or the people him I 
cannot tell but he remayned but a very short time among them and returning to 
Burlington in the Jerseys Mr Talbot got him to supply his place during his absence, 
being come himself to New York to pursue a resolution he had taken of tcoing to 
England ; Col Quary acquainted me that in his passage through Burlington he found 
that poor congregation all in a flame, Mr Henderson it seems had thought fit in per- 
forming Divine Service to leave out that prayer in the Litany for Victory over Her 
Majestys enemies, and the prayer appointed to be said in the time of War; The 
cheif of I hat congregation had took exceptions at this, but he gave- them no other 
reasons for so doing but that Mr Talbot had done so, they reply'd that having 
been long acquainted with Mr Talbots exemplary life they were willing to bear 
with his scruples, but he could pretend none having formerly never 
omitted them & further that this would look as if that congregation could 
not bear any such prayers w hich was a thiiiK far from their hearts, and intreated 
him to pray as he was appointed bj his superiours, or they would not willingly as- 



1712] ADMINtSTKATlON OF GOVERNOR ni'NTKi;. 159 

Gooking would by f'otce have taken her if M r Bass had 
not Issued his warrant to quell the tumult. I think 
myself obliged to acknowledge the service you did her 
majesty therein and to applaud your Courage and 
your Conduct in that affair for the Coll Gooking in 
Jersey is no more than a private man Yet his being- 
governor of the [Pennsylvania] Province might have 
made some [...?...] too much [••?•*] Neglect to do 
what in duty and honor they were obliged and there- 
fore are you the more to be Commended and you may 
be assured I shall always be ready to my power to En- 
courage those who are forward in Exerting themselves 
for her Majesties Service. 

The_ [Justices?] of the [County?] of Glocester. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Jeremiah Basse. 

[FromN. Y. Col. wss.. v., I. LVil. p. [65 

New York June 9 th 1712 
*S: 1 have received your letter w ,h the affid ts con- 
cerning the Seizure of the Shallop and Sugars at Glou- 
cester and Coll Quary [..'?. .] being of opinion w th you 
that it will be best to have them sent upt to Burlington 
I am very willing it be so. 1 am very glad of the beha- 
vior of M' Bule who has acted like a good Magistrate in 
Endeavoring in what in him lay to preserve the Queens 



sist at them for the future. Mr Quary desired me to speak to Mr Talbot upon this 
head I begg'd of "lim first to do so. and then if there was any necessity I wou'd, he 
did so, & tin- result was that Mr Talbot went back to Burlington and Mr Henderson 
came hither to go for England in his place, having in charge I he secret Rep'n men- 
tioned; one thing more with relation to that young gentleman known to me no 
otherwise than by the civilities I have paid him, I cannot omitt. Mr Willocks a zeal- 
ous churchman here told me, that he had used [abused?] the most reverend the 
Primate of all England sv'th most scurrilous and opprobious language, for which he 
reprimanded him & for the truth of which he desired that his. Mr Talbot's and Mr 
Vaughan's oaths might be taken being present at the com ersation, Thus this Gen" 
tleman having set us all on fire goes over to justify his own unaccountable conduct 
i 5 accusing i I the Innocent.'*— N. V. Col. Duels.. Vol. V. p. 315.- Eo. 



160 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1712 

peace & to protect the Custom hofese officer and [...?..] 
they will give him what assistance he may want in 
transporting this Seisure to Burlington and I hope you 
will do the same I have wrote to the [Justices?] of 
Glocester County to that purpose. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Colonel Qookin, Gov- 
ernor of Pennsylvania. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS.. Vol. LVII, p. 166.] 

New York June 9 th 1712 

S r I am sorry for the occasion which you have 
given me to complain to you of your [treatment] of 
the Comptroller of her Magesties Customs of Jersey 
and Pensilvania when he was in the Execution of his 
office on board a Sloop at Glocester in the Province of 
New Jersey which he seized and brought in there laden 
\v"' foreign Sugar in order to bring her to a tryall for 
a Breach of the Laws of Trade It might be imagined 
that an officer of her majesties Customs having made 
Seizure [of ] goods w lh [in] y e [jurisdiction would] have 
been intituled to your [favour] so fare as the Law would 
permit but when despairing of that (as it seems he 
did) he should choose to put himself and his seizure 
under my protection you should even there come in a 
I . { .] manner to dispossess him of it and to treat him not 
only with threatening language but w th blows is such 
a procedure as I beleive will astonish Every one who 
hears. You have had time now to reflect on it and I 
hope y' and more [. L] considerations have brought you 
to be of opinion that the Custom house officer deserves 
some reparation and that the Magistrates of Gloucester 
have done no more then was their duty. 

To the Honorable Col Gookin. 



1712] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 161 



Remarks on the Reverend Mr. Henderson's State of 
the Church of England, &c.' 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V. p. 

Remarks upon a Paper Intituled a State of the 
Church of England Planted in the Prov- 
ince of New York & New Jersey in 
America, Dated June 2 d 1712 & signed 
Jacob Henderson, Missionary of Dover 
Hundred in Pennsylvania. 3 

It is a very ungrateful task to answer pretended 
matters of Fact advanc'd by Clergyman under the 
plausible pretence of promoting the Interest of the 
Church of England and screened with the respect that 
that character naturally inspires into an honest man. 
But as the Purport of that Rep" before mentioned is to 
wound the Reputation of a worthy Gentleman who 
can be taxed with nothing else than that he uses too 
much Lenity with his declared enemies there is an 
absolute necessity to expose the malicious falsehood 
thereof. This is therefore to give as true and sincere 
information of that matter as is possible at so great a 
distance, referring the further illustration thereof to 
another time, when it may be done more fully & bet- 
ter attested from those Provinces. •'• * - : " * * * 

The Representer complains that there are no Laws 
in favour of the Church of England in the Jerseys w 
is granted. But doth he know any Law in favour of 



l Tliis document has no signature and, like the one to which it is an answer, is not 
directed to any one. It was probably written by Lewis Moms, — Ed. 
2 See page 153. 
11 



L62 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1712 

any other Religion. He grants that the Quakers & 
other Dissenters are most numerous there. And he 
might perhaps have added, that those who are of the 
Church of England are so dispersed, that if gathered 
together. Two instead of four churches might serve 
them and without the gift of Prophcy one may ven- 
ture to say that his conduct will not contribute very 
much to encrease their numbers nor to bring over 
many of the Dissenters. Now as there is no estab- 
lished Church in those Provinces there seems very 
little occasion of a Law in favour of the Church of 
England, and the effect the Law that was made in 
New York in favour of the church of England, hath 
hitherto had will not very much recommend the 
making any in the Jerseys, as may be seen from Coll 
Morriss last letter before mentioned who may be 
safely said to be as good a Judge thereof as the Repre- 
senter. The Council of the Jerseys, he says, hath 
always pre rented the Assembly from hurting the 
( 'hvreh and presently falls foul of the President of y" 
Councill Col Morris whom however he owns is a pro- 
fessed Churchman but a man of no manner of princi- 
ples or credit, and who calls the service of the Church 
of England Pageantry who hath joyued in endeavours 
to settle a conventicle in the City of New York. The 
KV presenter writ in so much hast that he did not 
observe that a professed Church man, & a man of no 
principles &' looks very much like a contradiction left 
him therefore explain his meaning more clearly or 
otherwise he will be thought to do the church but little 
honor to call a professed Churchman a man of no prin- 
ciples &c. 

As to the accusation of that Gentleman of joyning 
in endeavours to settle a conventicle at New York, it 
is too general to be answered, as being a hard matter 
to know T what he means by it for if he persists in his 
former opinion, to call the Queens Chapel in the Fort, 



1712] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 1G3 

repaired by the care of Brigadier Hunter, ' by that hard 
name, and those who preach and resort thither to serve 
God, Schismatics a little Helebore might do him more 
good than a reply. 

He is so full of Spleen against Coll: Morris, that he 
cannot dismiss him without an other blow, viz' his 
practice as he says, of intercepting Letters &c, wherein 
he is perhaps as ill grounded as in the other accusa- 
tions, for he confutes even himself by his affirmation, 
that it can be fully proved, because if either he or his 
friends had received hurt thereby, one may without 
breach of Charity, say that they do not want good will 
to make him suffer for it. As to that Gentleman's 
conduct: if a mans outward behaviour at home or 
abroad and in all the duties of his life is a true means 
of judging of a man all who know any thing of Coll 
Morris will say that he is unexceptionable. 

The Principal part of the last paragraph relating to 
the characters of men in the Council of the Jerseys 
proposed to be removed & of others to be put in their 
room shall be answered hereafter, The Story about M r 
Woolsey preaching in the Church at Hopewell may be 
best understood from M' Sinclairs mouth who knows 
the whole matter. As to the dismal consequences the 
Representer apprehends from such removal the Queen 
will doubtless think, the Lords of Trade, the Gov r & 
such others of the Councill who are not excepted 
against better Judges of it than the Eepresenter, who 
officiously, not to say pragmatically, meddles in affairs 
he knows little of, & that are foreign to his mission & 

1 The repairing of this chapel brought upon Governor Hunter much abuse ar.d 
misrepresentation from the Rev. Mr. Vesey, of Trinity Church, on account of the an- 
ticipated diminution in the number attendant upon his services. Gov. Hunter, in a 
letter dated February 25th, 1711-12, says: " I sent for him and reasoned with him 
upon that heart, from the Decency, Expediency and necessity of it. that Chapje 1 
being one of the Oldest Houses of Prayer in the place, tho" for some time past a 
B^ar Garden, I urged that the Souldiers had no room nor place in the Church 
neither was it safe to march the Garrison so far from the Fort, and that Her 
Majesty paid a Chaplain for that particular purpose, and had graciously bestowed 
Plate, Books & other Furniture for the use of it, but all this served only to plunge 
him into a fit of Passion. "— N. Y, Col. Docts.. Vol. V, p. 315 —Ed. 



L64 ADMlXISTKATIOX 01' GOVERNOR HFNTEK. [1T1^ 

had he but discharged that part of his duty whilst at 
Burlington, which is incumbent upon him, as he ought, 
the people had not refused to hear him as they did. 

Remarks upon the persons of the Council! of the 

Jerseys which the Representer proposed to be removed 

bears a fair character as to his domestick 

Mr. Pinhorne T . . , 

manner of Living, only he is a very prag- 
matical man, not to say factious, and there may be 
some reasons assigned why he agreed so well with a 
former Governor. 

Wants the first Character, but is eminent 

for the latter, his immoralities are such* 
that the Rev d Mr Holyday, Minister of his Parish doth 
refuse to give him the Communion, & a small sum 
which he owed to a poor woman here & which 
the Governor did oblige him to pay, is not the least 
reason for his ill will to his Excellency. 

Is dead and y e Representer recommends 

Richd Townly -, A • -, , 

his son to succeed him, perhaps because 
he doth not degenerate from the abilities w ch recom- 
mended his father to their favor. 
Daniel cox & No matter which for they are inseparable 
Hugh Ruddy companions, who sett very bad examples 
to the Inhabitants as M r Sinclare can testify. 

Once a Quaker now of no Religion referred 

WmHall jn .,,,«• i 

to the said M r Sinclare 

As to the other six recommended to the Governor to 
be put in their room, his Excellency has doubtless very 
weighty reasons for such Recommendation, and it is 
not to be supposed that he is so blind with prejudice as 
to remove Saints to put knaves in their place, as the 
represent 1, endeavours to insinuate 

To pass by the unmanerly expressions the Repre- 
senter uses when he mentions the modelling the Coun- 
cill of the Jersey it is strange to observe (to use his 
own words) whether Robt Quary the Queens Survey 1 ' 
Gen" doth not stand in his way also 



1712] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 165 

George Deacon & Being both Quakers and doubtless a great 

Thomas Gardiner eyesore to him 

m , , He calls a poor ignorant insignificant fel- 

Tho Gordon x o o 

low whom they (meaning the Governor & 
Councill) perhaps with the concurrence of the Assem- 
bly (as becoming a manner of speaking of his betters 
as before taken notice of) have made Treasorer tho he 
hath no estate but a Tool to serve them in all affairs, 
what Tool is M 1 ' Gordon Master of to serve them in all 
affairs is hard to determine unless it be a strong chest 
to put y e money in out of the way of Theives. 

Now after all this, its ten to one but upon enquiry this 
M r Gordon will be found neither so poor, ignorant & in- 
significant a fellow, as that he hath a competent estate, 
& as much honesty as is requisite in a Treasurer of 
that small Colony As for his Tool to serve them 
(meaning as before) in all their affairs, it may be a 
Tool to do good as the Eepresenter will upon the like 
enquiry be found, the Tool of a Faction there, headed 
and encouraged from hence, by whose direction he 
hath wrote this representation, to confound as much 
as in them lye, the affairs & perplex the Governor of 
those Provinces here as they have already done there, 
by the endeavors of that missionary, whom they 
prompt underhand to do their drudgery & who gener- 
ally sacrifices that little reputation which by the ob- 
scurity of his person had been preserved, had he not 
signalized his Talents in this manner 

This will upon enquiry be found the true state of 
that matter to which several here who might if thereto 
required, subscribe 

After all the Governors of the Queens Plantacons 
must have a fine time of it, if every private man is 
allow'd to meddle in the affairs of their Governments, 
& upon this foot no man of honour would accept of 
such tiresome Places 

17 June 1712 



166 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1712 



State of the Courts of Judicature in New Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T.. Kewjersey, Vol. I. C. 120. | 

The present State of yf Courts of Judicature in 
New Jersey Referred to in Coll. Hunters 
L re of 23 d June 1712 

1 The Suprem Court of Judicature has the powers 
of King's bench com on pleas & exchequer & can try 
all causes Civil & criminal real personal and mixt is 
Established by an ordinance of the Govern our & 
Council 

This Court is not limited to any number of Justices 
there are at present three commissionated whereof one 
refuses to act. It is to sitt at Amboy on the first tues- 
day in November and at Burlington on the first tues- 
day in May yearly, and on the second tuesday of Au- 
gust yearly one year at Amboy and the next at Bur- 
lington alternately. 

In this Court anyacc'on being upwards temi pounds 
value may be brought or commenced, and to this Court 
may be removed by certiorari habeas corpus or other 
lawfull writt any acc'on from any inferiour Court 
where the debt or damage upwards tenn pounds or 
concerns title of land also all indictments & matters 
criminell. this Court may hold five days & no lon- 
ger. There is Sherifs assistants appointed for this 
Court in the other Countys intended to supply the 
room of nisi prius trialls but it is not well exprest and 
understood which is to sit two days & no longer where 
a Justice of the Supreme Court is to be aided by the 
Justices of the peace of such respective County two or 
more 

For Bergen at Bergen the thiid tuesday in April 
For Essex at Newark the fourth tuesday in April 
For Monmouth at Shewsbury the 2 rt tuesday in May 



1712] ADMINISTRATION - OF GOVERNOR HUNTEH. 16? 

For Glocester at Glocester the 3 d tuesday in May 

For Salem at Salem the 4 U ' tuesday in May 

For Cape May at Shamger Land the fifth tuesday in 
June 

2 The Court of quarter sessions or sessions of the 
peace 

For Midd'x at Amboy 3 tuesdays of Febry May & 
August 4 tuesday Novem r 

For Bergen at Bergen 1 tuesdays in Feb. May & 
Aug 1 & 2 tuesday in November 

For Essex at Newark, 2 tuesdays in Feb May & 
Aug 1 & 3 tuesday in November 

For Monmouth at Shewsbury 4 tuesday, Feb May & 
Aug 1 & 1 tuesday in December. 

For Burlington ibidem first tuesday, march June 
Septem' & 2 tuesday Decern 1 

For Glocester ibidem 2. tuesday in March June Sep- 
tem 1 " & 3 tuesday Decern' 

For Salem at Salem 3 tuesdays march June Septem 1 " 
& 4 tuesday Decern 1 ' 

For Cape May at Shamger Land 4 tuesdays March 
June Septem 1 " & 1 tuesday January to hold for any 
term not exceeding two days 

3 d Court of Comon pleas in each County to begin 
immediately as the general sessions of the peace termi- 
nates, & then to hold and continue so long there is 
business not exceeding three days. 

This Court of pleas hath power of any acc'on to any 
value saving there is an appeal] or removal by h'eas 
corpus or otherwise of any suite judgm t or execution 
of upwards tenn pounds value or where title of land is 
concernd to any smaller value whatsoever The Judges 
of this Court are comonly of the Justices of the peace 
for their respective Countys 

4 Court of Conscience each Justice of the peace Has 
power to determin any matter under fourty shillings 
without a Jury, the process by summons of a consta- 



L68 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [ 1 '. L2 

ble left 4 days at Defts house if the Deft do not appear 
the Justice will proceed to hear the cause and del li- 
mine in his absence & to grant execuc'on. 

The process agst an itinerant person inmate or for- 
anner is by arrest by warr' directed to the Constable 
to bring him before the Justice who proceeds imme- 
diately to hear determine & grant execuc'on by deliv- 
ering over the body for want of money to the consta- 
ble to be conveyed & delivered to the Sheriffe who is 
to cause the judgm 1 [to '. J be executed but from this 
judgm' there is an appeal to next Court of sessions if 
upwards of twenty shillings. 

5 Court of Chancery is not open 

6 But the Govern' & Council are a Court of ap- 
peals from the judgm' of the Suprem Court upwards 
£100 value, from which there lyes a further appeal to 
the Queen in Council if upwards £300 value but the 
appeal does not barr execuc'on. 



Letter from Secretary Popple to the Bishop of London 
—relating to the proposed New Jersey Councillors. 

[From P. R. O. 3. T. New Jersey, Vol. XIII, p. 161.] 

To the Rf Reverend Father in God Henry Lord 
Bishop of London. 

My Lord 

In mine of the 7" : ' Instant I acquainted Your Lord- 
ship by Order of the Lords Commissioners of Trade 
and Plantations that they had agreed to take into Con- 
sideration, what Colonel Hunter had writ in relation 
to the Settling the Counsellors of the Province of 
New Jersey, on Thursday the 1 4 th Instant about Eleven 
of the (lock in the morning, And that they were de- 
sirous of Your Lordships Assistance in that Matter If 



1712] ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. L69 

Your other Affairs would permit, I am now further to 
acquaint Your Lordship that the Board is verry sorry 
to hear of your Lordships Indisposition, which has 
hindred them of the Advantage of your Lordships As- 
sistance this Day, However they have Commanded Me 
to Send your Lordship the Names, of six Persons recom- 
mended by M r Doeminique, & others, Viz John Ham- 
bleton, [Hamilton] Thomas Byerly, John Reading, 
William Morris, John Anderson & Elisha Parker, 
thereupon to beg the favour that your Lordship would 
please to lett them know whether your Lordship have 
any objection as to the Principles of these Men, that 
May disqualify them, for the Place of Councillors in 
New Jersey, and that your Lordship would please to 
let the board have your Lordships answer Sometime 
this week or on Monday Morning next, if your Lord- 
ships health will permit 1 I am 

My Lord Your Lordships Most 
Whitehall Aug 8 * Obedient & most humble Servant 
y e 14 , : h 1 7 J 2 : W J : ' Popple. 



Communication from the Lords of Trade to the Queen 
—relative to the changes in the Council of Neie 
Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. XIII.. p. 1C3.J 

To the Queen's most Excell; 1 Majesty. 

May it please Your Majesty. 

Having rec'd Letters from Coll: Hunter Your Maj- 
esty's Gov!' of N: Jersey Complaining that by the be- 
haviour of WT Pinhorn, Daniel Cox, Peter Sonmans 



1 The Bishop sent his approval under date of August 17th.— Ed. 



r,0 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOK HUNTER. [1712 

& W m Hall Members of that Councill, all his Endeav- 
ours for Your Majesty s Service there were rendred in- 
effectually Perticularly that fourteen Bills were rejected 
most of them on the Second Reading, That Such as he 
prevail'd to have Committed; were either reported 
without Amendments & so rejected, or were Clogg'd 
with Such Clauses as made it impossible the Assembly 
shou'd pass them ; Three whereof the Governor was 
directed by Your Majestys Instructions to Endeavour 
to have pass'd into Laws, Viz!' An Act for relieving the 
Creditors of Persons becoming Bankrupt in this King- 
dom; An Act for Qualifications of Jurors; And an 
Act for Building & repairing of Goals &cf 

That unless Your Majesty be pleas'd to remove from 
the Said Council the said four Persons there is no hopes 
of Peace & Quiet in that Province; But if Your Maj- 
esty shall be pleas'd to dismiss the said Councillors, it 
will be so much to the Satisfaction of the Inhabitants 
of that Province, that he does not doubt but he shall 
be able to make Such a Settlement, as will be for Your 
Majesty's Interest, and tend to the Composing the 
Animosities in that Country, according to Your Maj- 
esty's Additional Instruction to him. And Several of 
the most considerable of the Proprietors of that Prov- 
ince having also attended Us with Complaints against 
the said four Councillors praying that they may be re- 
mov'd, We therefore humbly Offer that Your Majesty 
be pleas'd to dismiss them from the said Council; And 
that the following Persons be appointed Member's 
thereof who have been recommended to us both by 
Your Majesty's Said Governor & the Proprietors, as 
well Qualify "d to Serve Your Majesty in that Station 
Viz: John Anderson; W" Morris. John Hamilton, and 
John Reading. 

And there being besides two Vacancies in that Conn 
cill, We likewise humbly Offer that Your Majesty be 
Graciously pleas'd to Constitute and appoint Elisha 



1712] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 1 ', 1 

Parker, and Thomas Byerly, Members of the said 
Council, they having been also recommended to Us by 
the Governor and Proprietors aforesaid. 
All which is most humbly Submitted 

Guilford 
Whitehal Ph: Meadows. 

Aug'? y^ 27? 1712 Arth: Moore. 

T. Hynde Cotton 

[These recommendations were approved of by the 
Queen in Council June 15 th 1713, with the exception of 
William Morris who had died.] — Ed. 



Letter from' Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade 
on New Jersey affairs. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V. p. 347.] 

To the E l Hon b | e the Lords Commissioners for 
Trade and Plantations 

[Extract.] 

My Lords 

* * * My constant attendance in the Assembly 
here hath obliged me as constantly to prorogue that of 
the Jerseys, 1 neither can 1 promiss myself any good 
issue from that meeting if those gentlemen formerly 



1 In a letter written June 23d. 1712 he gave another reason for it : "It being abso- 
lutely needless to meet the assembly so long as the councill is so constituted, for 
they have avowedly opposed the Government, in most things and by their influ- 
ence obstructed the payment of a great part of the taxes so that I wait with great 
impatience, for the remedy your Lordships have made me hope for."— N. Y. Col. 
Docts., Vol. V., p. 343. And again, at a later date, December 16th (Ibid., p. 351 ). he 
wrote "I cannot resolve upon meeting the Assembly of the Jersies until I know 
Her Majesty's Pleasure with relation to the Council of that Province, foreseeing 
nothing but inevitable confusion. Mr. Sonmans since his having Imbezeled the 
Records, has thought fit to retire to Pennsylvania, where he diverts himself with 
priming and dispersing Libels against the Government here."- Ed. 



172 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1712 

mentioned, continue in the council, that faction upon 
all occasions vilify and affront the Government in all 
its branches, one of them Peter Son mans, an alien 
lately after having given orders to a servant of his (to 
whom it seems during a former administ" Mr Bass 
had intrusted the records of the eastern division of 
that Province) not to shew them to those who had not 
only my order, but M 1 ' Basse's for that purpose, upon 
hearing of a 2 (1 application and complaint to me from 
the parties concerned, thought fitt to break open the 
trunck in which the records had been kept and carry 
them out of the Province, Some time after the Chief 
Justice having issued out his warrant for a search, and 
another for apprehending the said sonman, the records 
were sent from New York by a purmit for Philadel- 
phia but M r Bass who his likewise Surveyor of the 
Customs at Burlington as he affirms to me suspecting 
there might be some prohibited goods in the said trunk 
when at Burlington and having a key sent him by an 
unknown hand sealed up in a blank piece of paper had 
the curiosity to hopen the trunk where to his great 
surprize, he found all the records of the eastern divi- 
sion safe and sound, and swears he will now never part 
with them more but with his life, I suppose the collu- 
sion is palpable enough to your Lordships but I shall 
make all more plainly by the next conveyance, In the 
meantime the taxes are paid with daily difficulty and 
prosecution, occasoned by the ill example and coun- 
tenance of some of these gentlemen and matters of 
Government in the high road to the same confusion 
that reigns in this province, whilst the remedy is easy 
and nobody hurt by it. * - * * 

My Lords Tour Lordships' most 

humble & most obed' Servant 
New York (Jet 31 st 171 2 Ro : Hunte k. 



1712] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 173 



Letter from the Clergy of New York and. New Jersey 
to the Reverend Jacob Henderson — Disapprov- 
n> {1 °f his Course toward the Council of New 
Jersey. 

(From X. V. Col. Docts.. Vol. V. p. 354.] 

New York, 5 March 1 7]jj 

Reverend Brother. 

We are heartily sorry for the unhappy occasions of 
giving you the trouble of this with the inclosed Memo- 
rial and a letter from Coll: Morris with our answer to 
it, and are deeply concerned that we are thereby laid 
under the ungratefull necessity either of disapproving 
the Characters you are said to have given of some 
gentlemen, to the HY>nble the Board of Trade and 
Plantations, or of doeing wrong to our own consciences, 
if, when so earnestly required to it, we should by our 
unmannerly silence seem to justify what several of us 
know to be false and unjust. 

As a means of that strict union amongst ourselves 
injoyned us by our Patrons at home and of promoting 
the real interest of the Church, the true end of our 
mission, where, [we're?] by His Excellency our Gover- 
nour's approbation, appointed to keep our next meet- 
ing at Amboye for the convenience of our brethren of 
Pensilvania, if they please, for mutual advise and 
assistance, to give us a meeting. 

If in justification of your self and for our satisfac- 
tion, you will please to give a return to this, with 
respect to what is laid to your charge, in calumniating 
some Churchmen that never shewed any inclinations 
to Presbitery or annarchy, which is an imputation on 
all our Order and brings us under the contemptible 



174 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [K12 

appellation of party tools, we desyre you would direct 
for the Reverend M r M'Kenzie, and we remaine 
Reverend Sir 

Your loving Brethren 

and humble Servants. 
Alexander Innes Chris: Bridge. Daniel Bondet 
.ZEneas M c Kenzie Edward Vaughan.T. Haled ay 
John Bartow John Sharper. Henricus Beys. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade, 
— about New Jersey Affairs. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts.. Vol. V. p. 355.] 

N York y e 14 March 171^ 

My Lords 

This letter relates to the affairs in New Jersey, 
which remain still in y e same perplexity untill Her 
Majesty's pleasure be known touching the alteration of 
her Councill there, upon which intirely depends the 
quiet of that Province. 

There has been somehow handed over hither a copy 
of a Representation said to be given to your Lordships 
signed by Jacob Henderson Missionary for Dover hun- 
dred in Pensylvania, aspursing foully some gentlemen 
recommended by me for Counsellors; some of the gen- 
tlemen concerned being so basely attacked in their 
reputations thought it necessary for their justification 
to appeal to the Convocation of the Clergy of both 
Provinces assembled at New York, who unanimously 
agreed upon the resolution of sending to M 1 ' Hender- 
son a letter signed by them all, a copy of which is here 
enclosed, by which your Lordships will perceive how 



] IT?] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 175 

little credit is to be given to representations of that 
nature. 

Nothing but the appeal I have made to Her Majesty 
could have kept me from suspending some of these 
Gentlemen of the Council for their turbulent and un- 
dutifnll behaviour, and I can not doubt but that your 
Lordships will doe your endeavours to prevent Her 
Majesty from being trampled upon in the person of 
her Governour, how inconsiderable soever that maybe, 
while she is pleased to continue him in that office. M r 
Sonmans still absconds and continues to dispurse his 
libels, M 1 ' Pinhorne has never attended the Council 
since the first Assembly and I believe resolves never 
more to do so; M r Townley, M r Gardiner and M r 
Quary are dead; M 1 Cox talks still confidently of his 
goeing for England: So I shall hardly be able to make 
a Quorum of Council for business, and even many of 
them disposed and resolved to obstruct all business. 

I formerly wrote to your Lordships about a Court of 
Chancery in that Province; the subject in this, finds 
ease and releif from it, and there in the Jerseys [they?] 
beg and groan for it; but there is no hopes of opening 
such a Court with the advice of the Council as it is 
now constituted. I desire to be resolved by your Lord- 
ships whether y e custody of the Seal does not actually 
constitute such an Office and Court, and if so, whether 
I may not by proclamation, without the Council's con- 
currence, declare such a Court to be opened. 

It is to no purpose to let the Assembly meet until 
Her Majesty's pleasure relateing to Her Council there 
be known. I am, with all imaginable honour and 
regard ; 

My Lords Your Lordships 
most humble and most obedient Servant 

Ro: Hunter. 



176 A HMIXISTKATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1712 



Letter from Thomas Gordon — in answer to the Rev. 
Jacob Henderson. 

[From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey. Vol. II, D 19.) 

Letter from M r Gordon a Member of the Coun- 
cil of New Jersey, with Several Certificates 
relating to his own & Col Andersons Char- 
acters w c _ h M r Henderson had injured. 
S r 

Herewith Comes the Certificate of Severall worthy 
Ministers of Establish'd reputac'on to Cleare mine from 
the wound Endeavour'd to be made by a person alto- 
gether a Stranger to me who Lived in an Other Prov- 
ince one hundred and fifty Miles distant from me and 
that but a few Months before his returne for England 
where I'm Inform'd he gave a Memoriall To the Lords 
of Trade Containing a Scandalous Character unjustly 
of Divers Gentlemen besides me I Earnestly beg S r the 
ffavour of you that you will be pleased to Lay the 
Certificates before the right Hon 1,11 ' The Lord's Corn- 
miss" for Trade and Plantac'ons to Informe their L 1|,s 
that M r Henderson has been Very unjust to 

S r Your most huble Serv 1 
New Jersey March 2 I s . 1 17V 5 . 




Doctor Innes Minister of Monmouth County in 
East New Jersey relating to y e Character 



1712] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. L71 

of Thomas Gordon Esq r a Member of ye 
Council there 

Thomas Gordon Esq 7 ' one of Her Majesties Council 
for the Province of New Jersey Having seen a Memo- 
rial subscribed by Jacob Henderson Missionary to 
Dover hundred in Pensilvania and by him presented to 
my L d Winchelsea President to the Lds commissioners 
of Trade containing an unjust and scandalous charac- 
ter of him and desiring a certificate from me the Curate 
of the congregation to which he belong'd, before any 
Missionary came to Amboy of his deportment during 
his communion with us. 

These are to certify to all Christian People that the 
s d Thomas Gordon kept constant communion with us, 
liv'd in exact conformity to the Constitution of the 
Church of England as by Law Established, was a con- 
stant communicant with us and Exemplary in his Life 
and conversation amongst his Neighbours. And is a 
Person of an University Education and being born in 
the same neighbourhood and by the more than com- 
mon friendship between our Parents I can certify with 
a good Conscience that he is descended from an hon- 
ourable Orthodox and Loyal Family, being Grand 
child by the Eldest Son to the memorable Eobert Gor- 
don of Pitburg and Straloch, who for Wisdom and 
Learning was reputed inferior to none in his time in 
the Kingdom of Scotland, and that I believe the s cl 
Thomas Gordon for Learning, honesty and integrity 
of Life is inferiour to no Lay man in the Province 
where he Lives; Is well esteem 'd of by all his Neigh- 
bors known to be a Promotter of Peace among 'em, 
one who during the Proprietors Administration Exe- 
cuted the offices of Secretary & Register many years 
with a general Approbation. And since the surrender 
by the Proprietors has been Speaker in the General 
12 



ITS ADMINISTRATION OF COVERXOR HUNTKK. [1713 

Assembly, and for some time Cheif Justice of this 
Province. And a Person as I am credibly inform'd y' 
hath the service of the church celebrated in his Family 
daily when at home, and who bringeth his children & 
Slaves to be catechised & Instructed in the Principles 
of the Christian Religion in the time of Divine Service. 
And as to his Estate he is now actually seised of above 
six thousand acres of Land in tee simple besides his 
Practice in the Law and his good Credits cc chattels of 
a considerable value. In Testimony whereof I have 
hereunto set my hand this 12 ,h of March lffj 

Alexander Innes. Presbiter. 

Certificate from M 1 ' Innes relating to the Char- 
acter of Col John Anderson recom 'ended to 
be of y e Council of New Jersey 

Lew 1 . Coll' : Anderson having seen a Memorial sub- 
scribed by Jacob Henderson missionery to Dover Hun 
dred in pensilvania presented by him to my Ld win 
chelsea president to the L' ls Commissioners of trade. 
Containing an Unjust & scandalous Character of s' 1 
ColT Anderson And desiring A Certificate from me 
the Curate of the Congregation to w ch he doth belong 
of his Deportment during the time of his being a mem- 
ber of y s 1 Congregation. 

These are to Certifie to all Christian people the s d 
Leiv': Coll 1 . John Anderson for the space of eleven 
years hath lived in Communion with us & in Exact 
Conformitie to the Constitutions of the Church of 
England as by Law Established, hath been a Constant 
Communicant; and Exemplary in his life and Conver- 
sion Amongst his Neighbours; And his house hath 
been the Common .Receptacle of the Clergie going to 
or coming from Burlington & Philadelphia: hath pur- 
chased No Lands, but lives on the Lands he had with 
his wife: And as I'm Crodiblv Informed he was born 



1713] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 179 

Baptized and Educated in the Communion of the Epis- 
copal Church of Scotland, and that he had the honour 
to have the Right Reverend Father In God John Lord 
Bishop of Ross for his Godfather. In Testimonie 
whereof I have here unto set my hand this 12*)' of 
March Anno Dom: 171i> 

Alexander Innes Presbitek 

[Eev d d Rob*] Wats of New York relating to the 
Character of Cap* John Anderson 

By Virtue of a Commission to me directed from the 
Hono Wo the Court of Directors of the Company of 
Scotland trading to Africa & the Indies impowring 
to inspect into the management of Cap- John Ander- 
son late Comd r of the Ship Unicorn and to settle and 
adjust all Acco tts with him the s rt John Anderson re- 
latting to s' 1 Ship I Do hereby certifie to whom it may 
Concerne that after due enquiry made I find that the 
s d Cap. John Anderson hath carefully & honestly dis- 
charged the trust reposed in him as Master or Comd r 
of s d Ship having dilligently attended her three years 
& upwards, at the expiration of which time She being 
unfit for further Service, and he without any instruc- 
tions from the owners, thought fitt to leave her having 
Sold or Secured all her furniture and apperrell except- 
ing the Great Guns which by the Authority of the 
Right Hono b,e the Earl of Clarendon then Governour 
were brought to New York, and now remain mounted 
on our Platforms And I Do further Certifie that the 
s d Cap^ Anderson has exhibited and to me deliverd in 
behalfe of the Company aforsaid full & particular 
Acco Us of all things Sold or disposed off by him belong- 
ing to s d Ship, together with proper Vouchers for his 
own Claimes & Demands, all which being duely Stated 
in a general Acco" the ball? falls in his favours one 
hundred & fifty Six pounds two Shillings & two pence, 



L80 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1713 

for which Sum, the Ship still remains his debiter. In 
Witness wherof I have hereunto affixed my hand &. 
Seale this i>o ,h March 17{« 

Ro 1 Watts 

Certificate of Mr Vaughan and M r Haliday re- 
lating- to the Character of Tho: Gordon 
Esq 1 ' a member of the Council of New Jer" 

sey 

Whereas Thomas Gordon Esq 1 one of her Ma ties 
Council] for the Province of New-Jersey, having seen 
a Copy of a paper, entitul'd a short state of y? Church 
of England in y. e Provinces of New- York & New- Jersey 
in America, & said to be given to the Right Hon™ 6 the 
Earl of Winchelsea President of the Board of Trade & 
Plantations and signed by Jacob Henderson Missionary 
of Dover-Hundred in Pensylvania, and since it ap- 
peares, y- that Memorial containes an unjust & Scan- 
dalous character of the said Thomas Gordon, We the 
Subscribers, do think our selves obliged in conscience 
and duty (as friends to truth and justice) to declare & 
testifye what we Know and believe to be true concern- 
ing that Gentleman, upon whose request, we therefore 
certifye all whom it may concern, That the said 
Thomas Gordon, is a member of, and a constant com- 

iinicantin the Church of England, as by Law Estab- 
lished, living in exact conformity to her constitutions, 
and adorning his profession by an exemplary life & 
conversation amongst his Neighbours, & hath given 
sufficient demonstration of his affection to the service 
of God by his liberal contributions on all occasions 
towards the Building of Churches: He is a person 

Learned in y e Law, and Science Mathematical, & by 
reason of his honesty & integrity much esteemed in the 
Countrey, a person that hath publique worship dayly 
celebrated in his family according to the directions of 



1713] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOE HUNTER. 181 

the Rubrick, who not only chatechises & instructs his 
children, but his slaves in y" Principles of the Christian 
faith, and requires them to join in y e time of Divine 
Service by their alternate Responses to the Psalms & 
Hymns, & hath, as we believe, a better visible Estate, 
than several of the Persons approved of by the Authour 
of the Memorial: In Testimony whereof we have 
hereunto set our hands the sixteenth Day of March 
Anno Dom' 1712 

T. Haliday Minister Edward Vaughan Minister 

of Perth- Amboy A:c in of Elizabeth Town in 
New Jersey New Jersey. 

Certificate of the Reverend M r iEneas M'Kenzie 
Minister of S fc Andrews on Statten Island 
in the Province of New York in behalf of 
Thomas Gordon Esq 1 " 

Thomas Gordon Esq' one of her Majesties Council 
of New Jersey, and some others of his friends on his 
behalf Earnestly Requesting me to declare, and Testi- 
fy what I Know of as to his Character, Principles, and 
Conversation etc — 

These are to Certify all whom it may Concern that 
since my Acquaintance with that Gentleman, which 
was upon my first coming into these Parts Seven Years 
agoe I ever esteem'd him, and do still as fair as I dare 
pretend to Judge, think him a Man of Good Education 
of Sound Principles, and Christian Conversation. 

That he has to my Knowledge shewn him Self on 
several occasions to be Very Zealous for the Promo- 
tion of v Church of England as by Law Established, 
and that his frequent appearing so constant, and in- 
wavering in defence of that Apostolicall Constitution 
has been often Managed as a Popular Argument against 
him upon such Publick occasions by y e Severall Sec- 
taries of that Province. 



182 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1713 

That I believe upon the Creditable informations of 
Severall of my Brethren, and other Worthy Gentle- 
man that he hath Publick Worship daily perform 'd in 
his family according to the Kubricks of our Excellent 
Liturgie. 

That he takes due Care to instruct not only his chil- 
dren, in the Principles of y e Christian Religion, but his 
Slaves, (a Practice not Common in these Parts) in y e 
Church Catechism. 

That he has always appear'd Very assisting forward 
in promoting the Building of Churches, wherever 
wanted, by his advice, and free, and liberall Contribu- 
tions as I myself have particularly found him towards 
building my Parish Church. 

I am Credibly informed that he has Considerable Es- 
tate, and that he is of an Hon'ble family, that has been 
always of Good Esteem both for Loyalty, and Learning, 
in Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my 
hand this 21 day of March Anno: Dom: 1711 

JEneas McKenzie. 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Robert 
Hunter — relative to the Council of Neiv Jersey. 

[From X. York Col. Docts., Vol. V. }>. 360. 

To Robtf Hunter Esq r 

[Extract.] 
~ ->:• -:• •::• * y^e hope now, you will be made 
easy, in relation to the Councillors of New Jersey, we 
laid that matter very fully before her Majesty, with- 
pur opinion that William Pinhorn, Dan: Cox. Peter 
Sonmans and W'" Hall should be removed from the 
council, and John Anderson, W m Morris, John Hamil- 
ton" & John Reading admitted in their places, and that 
Elisha Parker and Thomas Byerly be added to fill up 



1713] \DM1NISTKATI0N 0I< GOVERNOR HUNTEK. 183 

two vacances, which her Majesty has been pleased to 
approve, 1 so that there remains nothing to be done, 
bnt that some person here, take out her Majesty's 
orders in this matter. 

If you had an agent here, we could send to him to 
do it, but as you have none, we do not know how long 
the Orders may lye before they are dispatch'd to you this 
shows you the necessity of having an agent for each 
of your Governments, and we desire therefore that yon 
use, your utmost endeavours to get such a one estab- 
lished. 

We have this day, received your letter of the 14 th of 
March last relating chiefly to the counsellors of that 
Province needs no other answer than what we have 
writ above, except that when the Council is changed, 
you may then by their advice establish a court of 
Chancery. * * * * 

Sir Your most humble Servants 
Guilford 
Whitehall Ph. Meadows 

April 23 d 1713 Ro, Monckto> 

.). Hinde Cotton. 



1 Under date of July 18th, before this letter was received by Governor Hunter, he 
wrote to the Lords of Trade: " I have of ten told your Lordships that it is vain to 
attempt anything in the Jerseys, until the Council be alter'd, I know that your 
Lordships are of the same opinion, and I do again affrin that you must charge 
[change?] the Council, or change the people, for changing the Governor will uot 
do." — N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V, p. 366. 

» was the son of Andrew 

Hamilton, Governor 
of the Province under 
the proprietors. His 
appointment as one 
of Governor Hunter's 
Council, was his first 
introduction into public life, and lie continued to fill the position under the admin 
istrations of Burnet, Montgomerie and Cosby, so that he was prepared by his expe 
rience as a Councillor to enter upon the more extended duties devolving upon him 
on the death of Governor Cosby, of which succeeding documents will give full in- 
formation. He was appointed in 1785 an Assistant Judge of the Provincial Supreme 
Court. In 1740 he was appointed one of the Commissioners to settle the boundary 
lines between Masssachusetts and Rhode Island. As President of the Council he 
assumed the government on the death of Governor Morris in I74ti. but died soon 




184 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1713 



Letter from, Governor Hunter to Attorney General 

Griffith. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. I/VH, p. 185.1 

Sir 

I have received Complaints from the Collector of 
Burlington County that the People are very remis in 
Paying their Taxes particularly the Town of Spring- 
field I have formerly wrote you on some occasions 
of the like Nature desiring you to use all legal and 
proper methods to oblige the Delinquents to pay their 
arrears of taxes which I am told had then a pretty 
good effect. I must now again Desire you to Exert 
yourself on this occasion and when you know from Mr 
Westland, the Collector who are in arrears or what 
towns that you take the Speediest and most effectual 
methods for obliging them to pay their arrear of taxes, 
the Court is speedily to sit for that County & I choose 
to give you these directions now that you may then 
Compell them to do what in justice they ought to have 
done before. I desire you'll Inform yourselfe as soon 
as Possible from Mr Westland of the Delinquents to 
whom I have wrote to give you an account thereof 
and likewise to the Justices to do their part. 

Alexander Griffith Esq. 



thereafter. It was to Colonel Hamilton, as he was generally called, that the colo- 
nies were indebted for the first scheme for the establishment of post-offices in 
America. He obtained a patent for it from the Crown about the year 1C94, but sub- 
sequently for an adequate remuneration reconveyed it to the Government. Colonel 
Hamilton's residence was in Perth Amboy, and he died and was buried there. 
Whitehead's History of Perth Amboy and Surrounding County, p. 1G8.— Ed. 



1713] 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



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186 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVBENOB HUNTER. [1113 



Petition of the Freeholders of Middlesex County to 
the House of Assembly, against the Election 
of Thomas Farmar.. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. LIX. p. 13.] 

To the Hono'ble House of Kepresentatives of 
the Province of New Jersey: 1 

The Humble Peticion of Samuel Dennis Ed- 
mond Dunham, Moses Rolph, John Griff eth 
Nath: Fitzrandolph, W m Ilsley Hugh Dunn 
Charles Gillmann David Dunham Nicholas 
Munday John Moore on behalf of them- 
selves & many more of the Freeholders of 
the County of Middlesex: 

Sheweth 

That on the 31st of October last y* Freeholders of 
the s' 1 County of Middlesex meett at the House of 
Thomas Davis Jn Woodbridge to elect two Freeholders 
to he their Representatives in this P'senl Assembly 
according to the Appointment of Gawen Lockhart 
Esq High Sheriff e of the County. 

That Captain Thomas Farmer being proposed a van 
didate against Samuell Dennis Esq, the High Sheriffe 
afores d was told y' the s Farmer ought not to be set 
up because he was not capable of being Elected cv the 
several! Laws which Incapacitated him were then and 
there also shown to v said Sheriffe & it was pray 1 ' & 
insisted upon y' they might be lead which th» j said 
Sberriffe utterly refused & saying we will have noe 
law here & a pole being demanded for y said Farmer 
y e s ! Sherriffe proceeded to pole for him. 



'Presumed to have been presented al the session which commenced on December 
7th, 1713.— Ed. 



1713] ADMIN 1ST RATI ON F G < > V E R N ( ) I! H NTE R. 1 8 ! 

That Edmund Dunham Esq being nominated another 
Candidate Adam Hude Esq was Named against him ec 
a pole being demanded for the s' 1 Adam Hude it was 
Readily agreed to. 

That y c s' 1 Sherriffe did not P'mitt the s' Dennis & 
Dunham to nominate their Inspectors of the Clarks of 
the Pole as the Law directs but appointed them him- 
selfe without their knowledge & Consent of the said 
Dennis & Dunham nor administred y e Oath by Law 
Appointed to y e s d Clarks. 

That very soon after y c s l1 Pole was begun the s 
Dennis and Dunham haveing a considerable majority 
& the Freeholders appearing very forward in Poleing 
for them & very backward for the other two, the s" 
Sherriffe, Contrary to the Consent & Desire of the s d 
Dennis & Dunham adjourned y e s ' Pole under Pretence 
of Going to Dinner 

That some time after the pole being again opened, 
the freeholders contraueing to pole fast for the s d Den- 
nis & Dunham, the s d Sherriffe obliged the freeholders 
to come at the end of the Table where he was to pole 
and then summoned many upon Juries if they pol'd 
for the s d Dennis & Dunham tho those that Poled for 
y two other Candidates were permitted to Pole out of 
the Window & very few of them summoned for Jury- 
men & none until! great clamor w r as made against 
such palpable partiality whereby divers who intended 
to Pole for Dennis & Dunham were frighted away and 
did not Pole at all & 

That about sun sett the s Dennis & Dunham keep- 
ing a considerable majority & many more attending to 
pole for them. Contrary to their consent & Express 
Desire, the s l Sherriffe adjourned y Pole untill Satur- 
day y e Fourth of November. 

That on Saturday aforesaid the s" Sherriffe haveing 
again opened the Pole behaved himselfe very partially 
suferd divers to pole for y s' 1 Farmer & Hude without 



188 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1713 

haveing taken the Oath appointed by Law and turnd 
others away y' would pole for Dennis & Dunham tho 
they were willing to take the s d Oath & att last Shutt 
np the Pole so Suddenly & abruptly y 1 y" very ( 'larks 
at the Table knew not of it but lost their votes as did 
Divers others who were there attending to Pole for the 
s (l Dennis & Dunham. 

That by these indirect Practices the s d Farmar 
obtained a majority of & the s d Hude of Eight votes & 
were by the s d Sheriffe declared duly Elected; whereas 
if all those there waiting to vote for y c s d Dennis & 
Dunham had been permitted to Vote, the majority 
would have been for them notwithstanding all the 
before recited Partialities & unfaire actings of the s d 
Sherriffe. 

All w c " proceedings of the s d Sherriffe (as your Peti- 
c'oners are advised) are arbitrary, directly contrary to 
the very letter of the Law & tending to robb y e s d 
Freeholders of their Just rights & Libertys. 

But for as much as they cannot be relieved any 
where else save by this Hono'ble House & for Prevent- 
ing the like irregularities & palpable partiality for the 
future 
Yo r Petic'oners therefore Humbly pray- 
That this Hono'ble House will please to take y e 
premises into Consideration & give your Petic'oners 
such relief & redress as to yo 1 ' Wisdom shall seem Just 
and necessary. 

And yo r Petic'oners shall ever pray &c 
Was signed 
Henry Rolf John Moor Daniel Sulen 

Caleb Winger t W'" Ilslee Henry Freeman 

Thomas Davis Will Robinson Francis Lost 

Josias Wooding Sam' Dennis Edm d Dunham 

Hugh Dun Noah Bishop Jon Worth 

Daniel Betten Benajah Dunham Samuel Dun 

Moses Rolf Charles Stillman Hopewell Hull 



1T1'?| VMMINISTlfATION" OF liOVEIiXHK HUNTER. 189 

Nicholas Munday Rich d Seafer Andrew Drake 

John Pitzrandolf Miles Bmm David Dunham 

John Sutton John Else Sam 11 Slater 

Johnathan Tagnitz Joseph Gillnian Benj 11 Rolph 

James Clarkson Cornelius Paulsen Will Clauson 

Benjamin Hull Nathanell Fitz John Griffith 

George Ewbank Randolph Ed\v d Freeman 



Petition of Inhabitants of Wbodbridge, Middlesex 

County, for a License to build a Church for wor- 
ship after the manner of the Church of England. 

I From N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. L1X, p. 51.] 

To his Excellency, Robert Hunter Esq, Capt 
Generall and Governor-in-chief of the Prov- 
inces of new Jersey new York Vice Admi- 
rall of the same etc., 

The Petic'on of the Subscribers Freeholders & 
Inhabitants of the Town of Woodbridge in 
the Province of s d Newe Jersey 

Humbly Sheweth. 

That the Petitioners Esteeming themselves under an 
Indespencible Obligac'on to Promote the Public Wor- 
ship of God after the Maner of the Church of England 
as by Law Established and haveing no church in the 
said Toune nor Publick House for Divine Worship to 
which they can Claime liberty to resort 

Do therefore humbly pray that y r Excell'y would be 
pleased to Giant them your Licence for Erecting a 
Church in the said Towne for the Service of God. And 
that your Excellencie would allow and authorize the 
Petic'oners or some of them to Receive the Charitable 
Benevolence of Godly and well Disposed Persons for 



190 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1714 

Assisting the Petic'oners by their Contributions to 
Accomplish their Intended Design, and Your Excel- 
lencies Petic'oners as in Duty bound shall ever Pray 

[December 1713] 
Robert Wright Benjamin Donham Geo Ewbanke 
John Shippoy John Bishop. Henry Rolph 

D. Hooglandt John Alston Philis Dennis 

tils 
John + Halker 

ranrk. 



Letter from Joseph Morgan, of Freehold, New Jersey. 
to the Lords of Trade — relating to some improve- 
ments in modes of navigation. 

IFrom P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey. Vol. II, D. 35.] 

Lre from M- Joseph Morgan of Monmouth County in 
y e : East Division of New Jersey, inclosing a 
Scheme for y e improvement of Navigation 

To the Right Honourable The Lords Com- 
missioners of Trade and Plantations in y e 
Realm of Great Brittain These 

Freehold in Monmouth county in y e East division of 
New-Jersey in North America 

Aug. 5. 1714- 
May it please //our Lordships 

I hope y° inclosed Work will excuse my Presumtion. 
in writing to your Lordships; & though hitherto I am 
to you unknown, y v Work inclosed will be never y e 
Worse known It being y l w ch will justify or condemn 
it-Self when effectually put to Tryali 

What I propose to do by it I know to be true: but 
what y e Benefit of it may be at Sea in Calms & con- 
trary Winds I (having never crost y e Sea) must leave • 
to Marriners to judge; & I believe yy can give no good 



1714] ADMINISTRATION 0tf GOVERNOR HUNTER. L91 

Judgement till yy have tryed it. The Small cost, y e 
Lightness & little Lumber in a Ship, recomends y e 
Work to tryal The oars keeping stroke on both sides 
y e Ship, to a hairs breadth, if y r were an hundred of 
y" 1 *& y e Same Machine serving to row w th many or few 
Oars indifferently. & y e Ease of Weakling y l Oars if 
great enough to require an hundred men to carry one 
of y m , & by consequence Oars big enough for a Span- 
ish Gallion or y e Royal Sovereign, or such great Oars 
y* a Pair or two (if need require) Shall be Sufficient for 
a Ship; (together w ,h ye hanging of y e Oars so y* y e 
rowling Sea can have no power on y m any other way 
y" only to thrust y p Ship forward. & y* ye Strength of 
One man will row as much as 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, or ten men 
according to ye way y* is taken, beside y- Addition of 
3 ' weight of y e wheel by it's motion, & y e Swiftness of 
y e Oars, into & in y" Water by y e help of Weights or 
Springs (all w' are infallibly sot recomends y e Tryal of 
it against y? Wind at Sea w 1 ' if good may Save many 
a Ship from Ship-wreck & by weathering of points &c. 
many weeks & Months in voiages & be excellent in 
War. 

I having been a Passenger in y e Sound about New 
York, Saw y 3 want of such an Invention, & imagin- 
ing v possibility of it, set my Self to Study it has cost 
oie y Labour of many years I from Time to Time find 
ing an Inconvenience in y e way I had Projected was 
forced to throw all away & begin a new; till at length 
I found y e Several ways here inclosed at y" time Speci- 
fy. ><I in y 1 ' inclosed When i was satifyed in y e Inven- 
tion I proceeded to make Tryals wherein I have been 
at greater expense y" my Small means to maintain a 
great Family of Small children, could hold out, & 
could not make Tryal to my desire: but what Tryal 1 
made I found to answer my Expectation; w dl imbold- 
ens me to recomend it to abler hands Seeing hopes of 
its being usefull I believe it my duty to make y e first 
offer of y e Benefit of it to her Majesty (though I believe 



192 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1714 

all y e World ought to have y e Benefit of it, having giv 
en a proportionable reward to him y l Almighty God 
has made y e Inventer of it) Wherefore I sent a Paper 
of these Diagrams to his Excellency y e Govern our of 
New York two months ago desiring him to write to 
your Lordships, & lest it Should miscarry (or be so 
long in y e way y some other who have Seen part of it 
here should get to Europ first & get y 3 Reward) I Sent 
another to his Ex- V y e Govern- of Boston w tb y e same de- 
sire: & now having Oppertunity by a Passenger I send 
a third my Self The Governour & Assembly in New 
York having seen it in ye Diagrams & most of y m Saw 
one way of it rowing in a Boat 

I humbly Offer it a Present to her Majesty & her 
Successors for y e use of her Navy (believing it my Duty 
so to do) & I leave it to y e Justice & Liberality of her 
Majesty & her Ministry to Order me a Reward from 
Such as use it for their own Profit: humbly Praying y f 
her Majesty will give it me for a certain number of 
years &c. by Patent or by Act of Parliameut or as her 
Wisdom Shall See good I also humbly Pray y* her 
Majesty will use her Interest w\ h forreign Powers for 
a reward to y e Inventer; & I will — 

I have found out another Art (hitherto unknown to 
y e World) of far (yea an hundred Times) greater con- 
sequence, & benefit to ye World, w ch I cannot so dis- 
cribe upon Paper; but I am not able to defray y p 
Charge of making Tryal of it, nor do I expect ever to 
be able except I be enabled by a Reward for this, & 
then (God willing) I shall not fail 

I trust y 1 your Lordships, in your desire to promote 
y 1 ' publick good, & in kindness to an unknown well- 
wilier, will take such Methods as in your Wisdom you 
shall judge meet, & pardon my Boldness com'itted 
w" a good desire And it Shall be a continual Obligation 
unto Thankfullness from 

Your Lordships most humble Servant 

Joseph Morgan. 



1714] ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOR BUNTER. 193 

P. S. If any gentleman will be so kind as to write 
to me, how this is accepted lie will greatly oblige his 
humble Serv 1 

[Then follow thirteen descriptions of the mode of 
applying the invention to ships, with pen and ink 
figures, showing the wheels, cranks booms &c that 
were to aid men employed in moving the oars, which 
were to project from the sides of the vessels; as 
" Found out in y R year 1712 [to 1714] by Joseph Mor 
gan of Freehold in New Jersey in North America." 

* * " "The Oars hanging as aforesaid, will 
feather every way before y e Water or waves except y e 
way y y week. The work hanging in due proportion. 
One man can give all ye Oars y r Motion if y" Ship be 
full from end to end on both sides or if y e Oars be as 
big as Trees y* would take fourty men to carry one of 

■yj-m '' * 77 -if -Jrl 

" Now if any one of these thirteen ways be good my 
Art is good, although twelve of y e ways were good for 
nothing I have some more ways yet, but I think these 
enough to make tryal w u 

" If this Art come into use it will doubtless gain by 
Practice to be twice So good as when first found out 
'for all Arts must have y' lime t<> begin & grow) 

" But I fear y 1 if y e first Tryals be made when y" first 
[nventer is not present, y' by some thing or other not 
done light y c work will be discouraged: for in such 
work (like as in mills) one Small thing done amiss or 
out of ( )rder Spoils all 

"I have also Several ways to row Small Boats but I 
think y are needless in Europe One I Shewed in New- 
Fork dune IT 1 " 1714. where one man rowed with 2, 4, 
5 or six oars & could w' ye same labour have rowed 
with twenty • * * ' 

^■■> - :; - * * [n this work it being a- easy to weald 
Oars for ye greatest Ship en ye Ocean as lor y Small- 
13 



L94 il»\II NISI i; A TIO.N UK i!OVi:HN0R HTJNTEK. [1714 

est Boat: & one mans Strength equalizing so many; 
y L benefit must be exceeding great for Ships y l lye be- 
calmed or wind bound &c. '" . :: 

'•This Art is humbled offered i by ye Inventer)to her 
Majesty for ye Use of her Navy" 

And he prays her Majesty to order him a Reward 
from Such as use it for their own proper Benefit And 
to use her Interest w"' forreign Powers to do y e like 
for y e In venter. 

Joseph Morgan*. 



To the Right Honourable the Lords Commis- 
sioners for Trade & Plantations These 

To leave at London 

Freehold in ye County of Monmouth in y e Eastern Di- 
vision of y e Province of New Jersey in North 
America Aug. 28, 1 714. 

May it Phase your Lordships 

Several of y e inclosed Diagrams I have Sent to you 
(Several ways lest y e first Should miscarry) & now for 
surety I Send again Via Philadelphia In this I Send 15 
Figures (w Lh is more than in y e former) & can send 
Several more of quite different way of working. The 
device is all wholly my own I never borrowed one 
tittle of it from any man except Oars and mill-wheels 
& cranks 

1 hope y" Inclosed matter will excuse my Boldness 
though I am to your Lordships unknown 

The Governour & Assembly & City of New York 
(where I Shewed part of it "openly y e 17 u ' of June last) 
can witness for me y- no man in these parts of y° 
World (& I have never been in any other) ever pre- 
tended to any part of it before me and I have had it 
on foot many a year but never could please my Self 



L714] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERXOR Hl'N'TER. 195 

till, w th ye ways here inclosed & Some other better or 
worse 

My Offer, & Request, to her Majesty, I sent in my 
last & have mentioned in y e end of y e inclosed (w cl 
contains four leaves ) 

Hoping y l your Lordships will not despise a Pro- 
posal for y e publick good; till it is Effectually tryed 
(whatever some who like nothing new may object) al- 
though it be from one whose name is obscure (yet I 
am sure it is from a hearty 7 good-Wilier & Loyal Sub- 
ject) but take such methods as your Wisdom Shall di- 
rect to And it shall be a continued Obligation unto 
Thankfulness from 

Your Majesties very dutiful I Subject & 

Your Lordships Most humble Servant 

Joseph Morgan. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade — 
about New Jersey Affairs. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol II. D. 9.] 

Lre from Brig dr Hunter Gov r of New Jersey to 
the Board. 

N York y e 27 Aug 171 I 
My Lords. 

This Acknowledges the Honour of yo r Lordps. with 
the Treaties of Peace & Commerce with Spaine Which 
I have Published in both Provinces in the usual man 
ner. 

This Letter shall trouble Your Lordships with the 
Affairs of the Jersies only, The Paper Markt A i is a 
Li^st of the Acts passed there in the last Sessions 23 
Publick and 15- -private ones. I know as near as I can 
Judge that none of those Acts are contrary, but con- 
formable as much as can be to her Majesties Instruc- 



L96 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1714 

tions for which reason Yo'' Lord'ps willnotbe troubled 
with reading many Remarks, Our Men of Noise have 
Exerted their Talent against the Act. that y e Solemn 
Affirmation of y e People called Quakers &c Yo 1 ' Lord- 
ships well know that her Majesties Instructions to me 
are positive for Endeavouring to procure and pass such 
an Act, Which of itself is sufficient reason to me for 
soe doeing, but the State of that Province absolutely 
Requires such One, that People being by farr the most 
numerous and wealthy in the Western Division, and 
as I may affirm upon Experience the most Dutyfull. 
There are besides some Acts relating to the Practice of 
the Law, which the Lawyers and none but They Cavil 
at. The Practicers of Law (for there is not a Lawyer in 
the Country) were by their Illegal Exactions and un- 
warrantable Splitting and Spinning out of Causes, 
become the only remaineing Grievance in that Coun- 
1 1 y. the Ordinance and y e Law Enforceing y e Observa- 
tion of it with the other Acts for Regulateing their 
Practice were ment and framed to prevent for the 
future these abuses. Your Lord'ps can never be 
Induced to believe that the unreasonable gaines of a 
very few can outweigh or over Ballance the quiet and 
prosperity of a whole Province, soe I need say noe 
more upon that head. 

The Act Laying a Duty on Slaves is Calculated to 
Encourage the Importation of white Servants for the 
better Peopeling that Country, a Law something like 
that in Pensilvania haveing evidently had that effect 

That for laying a Duty on Wheat Exported is for 
the Encouragement of their own manufacture of Bolt- 
ing, that they themselves may have the benefitts 
Arrising from their own produce. 

That for Confirming Conveyances of Land, nmde 
and to be made by Wills and powers of Attorney was 
Judg'd absolutely necessary, for in a New Country the 
Proprietors of which live for y e greatest part in Eng- 



1714J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 1 9 i 

land, where also the Original Grants and Deeds 
remaine, without such a Law noe Man will Venture to 
purchase Lands or can be safe in his Purchase if he 
should. 

There are amongst the Private Bills two, for Natu- 
ralizeing three persons Inhabitants of that Province. 
M r Baird is a very worthy and Ingenuous Man, and 
One of the most Considerable Traders in that Country, 
and very usefull to y e Government Which are suffi- 
cient Inducements to reco'mend his Act to her Majes- 
ties Approbation. 

I Acquainted M' Popple of y e reason which Induced 
the Assembly there to settle the Support of Govern- 
ment for a shorter time than they had proposed, when 
these Apprehensions are over and the Malitious designe 
of such Insinnuations more aparent as they already 
beginn to be. I make noe doubt of Settleing that other 
matters in that Province in a manner Agreeable to her 
Majesties Interest and Your Lord'ps desire. 

The Act for Ascertaineing and Settleing the property 
of Lands comeing in late in that Session, miscarryed 
for want of being rightly understood, The tenures in 
the Western Division are soe doubtfull or precarious 
(occupansey being one of their best titles) That it must 
either remaine unpeopled, or the People be involved in 
unextricable Law Suites and Confusion without such 
an Act which I shall Endeavour to procure next As- 
sembly. 

M r Sonman's sometime of her Majesties Councill in 
the Jerseys haveing as 1 formerly Inform'd Your 
Lord'ps stole and Conveyed away out of the Province 
all. y e Publick Records, thought fitt after haveing for 
some time absconded to Convey himselfe to England, 
Where he has Imploy'd much time in Writing over 
malicious and false Rep< rts to Alarm the People, and 
in as much as in him lyes to Continue y e Confusion 
which he Cheifley liaised there, soe I firmly hope lie 



1.98 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1714 

can neither find Credit with or Countenance from 
Tour Lords'] >s howsoever he comes Recommended, 

I shall at my next going to the Jerseys Endeavour 

to open a Court of Chancery there which is Indeed 

much wanted. I humbly Recommend myselfe to Yo 1 

I i< >rdships Patronage and am with the Greatest Honour 

My Lords Your Lordships most humble 

& most Obed- Servant. 

Ro: Hunter. 



Dr. Daniel and Mr. Samuel Coxe of London to the 
Lords of Trade — against the renewal of Governor 
Hunter's Comm iss ions. 

I From P. R. 0. B. T.. New Jersey. Vol. I. (' 129.] 

To the Right Hon b . le the Lords Commissioners 
for Trade & Plantations. 

Reasons humbly offer'd by Doc r Daniel Coxe & 
M 1 Sam! 1 Coxe Citizen of London ag* renew- 
ing the Commissions of Coll Hunter y e 
present Governour of New Jersey & New 
York— 

May it Please your LoVps 

Bi'iiaj informed that Coll Robert Hunter the present 
Grovernour of the Severall Provinces of New York & 
New Jersey in America is now applying by his Friends 
to have his Severall Commissions renew'd to prevent 
which We humbly begg to lay before your Lordships 
tin- greviances & oppressions his Majestys Subjects of 
y? Said Provinces have suffered & are like to do under 
his Administration to Satisfy your Lordships of which 
we arc ready to make it appear when ever your Ldps 
shall please to permit! us. 



1715] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 109 

That he hath all along Acted in a very Arbitrary 
manner contrary to the Laws of Great Brittain with- 
out any regard to his Instructions (which he hath fre- 
quently broke thro) & to the power & Authority given 
him by his Commissions. 

That he hath delaycl & perverted Justice, taken 
upon himself in an illegall manner to dispense with 
an Act of Assembly & also by misrepresentac'ons im- 
pos'd upon the late Queen's clemency & goodness which 
induced her (to the great detriment of the said Prov- 
inces) to pardon severall Notorious murtherers, & other 
Malefactors. 

All which we doubt not to make so clear y' your 
Ld'ps may be prevaild on to put a Stop to the renew- 
ing of the said Commissions by representing this case 
to his Majesty whose many Princely Virtues, but espe- 
cially celebrated Justice & Mercy gives us certain hopes 
of redress & that the present Governour Shall not be 
continued to oppress his Majestys good Subjects whom 
he ought to protect. 

Daniel Coxe 
Samuel Coxe 
14 th Jan r 1T|| 



Letter from the Earl of Clarendon [Lord Cornbury] 
to the Lords of Trade — about certain acts of New 
Jersey A sse nibly . 

[From N. Y. f!ol. Docts., Vol. V. ( > 398.] 

My Lords 

Your Lordships having signified to me by your Sec- 
retary M r Popple, that I should this day lay before you 
in writeing my objections against two Acts of Assem- 
bly, the one past at New York in America Intituled an 
Act for Payment of the Debts of the Government of 



200 ADMINISTRATION OP SOT KKNOR HUNTER. [1715 

New York and the other past in New Jersey In Amer- 
ica Intituled an Act to enable Thomas Gordon Esq" 
Treasurer of the Province to pa\ the sum of £$99. 13? 
3 d towards the support of the Government, and for dis- 
charging y said Treasurer thereof , before I enter upon 
the objections I have to make to those two Acts, I 
must acquaint your Lordships that at the time Her 
late Majesty was pleased to recall me from those Gov- 
ernments several sums of Money were then, and still 
are, due to me in the Province of New York, both upon 
account of my salary as Governor, and upon account of 
severall disbursements made by me for the service of 
the Govemm- Now I am informed that the Act above 
mentioned past at New York is so unjust in its nature 
as to direct the Payment of considerable sums of money 
where none is realy due, and allows toother just debts, 
to some one half, to others a third, to others a fourth 
part, and to others nothing, nay, I am informed that 
there is a Clause in that Act, that says, no demand 
shall be made for any Debt not there provided for, 
which is plainly excluding me who was not upon the 
place to make any demands, though my Demands are 
never so just, this will be found to be the case of others 
as well as myself, I am informed farther that by this 
Act there is a gratuity given to every member 
of y" Assembly for this Act, and perticularly to 
M r Morris for drawing it a thing never before heard 
of in that Government, and which must be attended 
with very ill consequences, these are the reasons I have 
to offer to your Lodps against this Act at present, 
not haveing yet seen the Act, but if I may have a 
copy of it from M' Popple, which I desire your Lord- 
ships will please to order I may I do not doubt but I 
shall be able to offer more reasons to induce your 
Lordshipps to advise His Majesty to reject this Act so 
injurious to many people 

Xow give me leave to inform your Lordshipps that 



L715] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 201 

on the 29 th of July 1 70S to the best of my remembrance, 
I received atNewYork the late Queens commission un- 
der the broad seal of England constituting me Governor 
of New Jersey, it was about sixteen months after that 
before I could prevail with the Assembly of that Prov- 
ince to settle any Revenue and then they settled it 
but for two years, so that I served in that Govern- 
ment upwards of three years, without receiving any 
salary as Governor, but on the contrary was forced to 
disburse severall sums of money, out of my own Pock- 
ett for the service of that Government, which are still 
owing to me, because the Assembly of that Province 
have not settled any Revenue since the two years 
above mentioned expired. Now by the Act lately 
passed in New Jersey they take upon them to dispose 
of a sum of money remaining in the Treasurers hands. 
Out of a greater sum granted to the late Queen, for 
the Expedition against Canada and which is the first 
sum of money that I or anybody else could make any 
demand upon, first I say that the Assembly have no 
power- to dispose of that money, because it is the 
money of y" Crown, and to be disposed of by the 
Crown only, secondly, I say it is by this Act ordered 
to be paid to the Governor, which is contrary to his 
instructions, thirdly this Act discharges the Treasurer 
Ins Heirs &c from being accountable for the said sums. 
whereas by the Governors Instructions all moneys 
granted to the Crown by the Assembly of that Prov- 
ince are to be accounted for to the Treasury here in 
England, these I hope will be sufficient reasons to in- 
duce your Lordships to advice His Majesty to reject 
this act tho' I don't doubt but when I see the Act. 1 
shall be able to offer more good reasons against the 

said Act, I am 

My Lords Your Lordships 

mo faithful humble Serv* 

Somerset House Clarendon 

Febry 8. 17! \ 



202 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1715 



From the Lords of Trade to Mr. Secretary Stanhope, 
with Drafts of New Commissions to Governor 
Hunter. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. XIII. p. 177] 

To the R' hon b : le M? Secref Stanhope. 

Sr 

In Obedience to his Maj y .' 8 Commands, Signify'd to 
Us by your Letters of the 25 l . h past, We have prepar'd 
y e Draughts of Comissions for Robert Hunter Esq!" to 
be Cap* General, & Governor in Chief of his Maj y .' 8 
Provinces of New York & New Jersey in America, 
wf We herewith transmit to you to be laid before 
his Majesty in Council. And in further Pursuance of 
his Majesty's Pleasure, we are preparing draughts of 
Instructions, as usual, for the Said Roberts Hunter's 
Guidance in those Governments. We are, 

S- r . Your most obedient and most humble Servants, 
Whitehal Berkeley, 

Febf 11* m| RoT Moleswoth, 

Arch: Hutcheson, 
Cha: Cooke, 
P: Doeminique. 

| The Commission of Colonel Robert Hunter as Gov- 
ernor of New Jersey, renewed in consequence of the 
death of Queen Anne, does not differ in any important 
particular from that received by him in 1709, and it- 
has not therefore been thought necessary to insert it 
in this connection. — See page 1. The same remarks 
will apply to the Instructions which were issued on 
the 6th May following. They differed but little from 
those printed on page 1 et seq. -Ed. J 



1715] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 203 



Letter from Dr. Daniel Cox to the Lords of Trade — 
Remonstrating against ilte Re-appointment of 
Governor Hunter. 

(From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. I. C. 188.] 

To the Right Hon b ! e the Lords Commissioners 
for Trade & Plantations 

Further reason against renewing Coll Hunters 
Commissions for the Grovernm ts of New 
York & New Jersey humbly offered by 
Doct r Dan 11 Coxe & his Son Sam 11 Coxe 

May it ptease your Ld'ps : 

Having already humbly offerd to your Ld'ps. rea- 
sons why the Commissions of Coll Rob 1 Hunter the 
p r sent Gov r of New York & New Jersey should not he 
renewed, (pursuant to your Ld'ps: directions) we now 
further presume & present the following particulars in 
oi"der to make out the Gen 1 . 1 charge at that time Left 
with your Lordships which we should have been 
enabled to have done more fully & much sooner, had 
not (to our great surprise & as we with humble sub- 
mission take the liberty to suppose against all com- 
mon right) the Copys of Coll Hunters Commissions, 
some of his Instructions & the Extracts of two of his 
letters, been denyed us. 

What was then laid before your Lordships, charg'd 
Coll Hunter That he had all along Acted in a very 
Arbitrary manner, contrary to the Laws of Great Brit- 
tain, without any regard to his Instructions, (which 
he had frequently broke) & to the Power cK: authority 
given him by his Commissions. 

That he had delay 'd, denyed & perverted Justice, 
taken upon him in an illegall manner to dispense with 



304 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1715 

an Act of Assembly, & also by Misrepresentations 
imposd upon the late Queens Clemency & goodness, 
which induc'd her (to the great detriment of the s? 
Provinces) to pardon severall notorious murtberers & 
malefactors, which we hope will sufficiently appear to 
your Ld'ps in the following particulars. 

Imp 9 '" He turn'd out the sheriff of Middlesex & 
sommerset in New Jersey & the sherriff of the Citty 
& County of New York before their respective years 
were expir'd, Contrary to the Laws of England, his 
solemn promise & without signifying any cause for his 
so doing to Her late Majesty & to the Commissioners 
for Trade & Plantations against the representac'on of 
one of the Gentlemen of her Majesty's Councill, & 
directly contrary to his Instructions. 

-2 He turn'd out most of the Judges & Justices of 
the Peace throughout the Province of New Jersey 
without signifying his cause for so doing to her late 
Majesty & to the Commissioners for Trade and Plan- 
tac'ons as by his Instructions he is Commanded to doe, 
& without giving any reasons to the persons turn'd 
out or charging them w th any crime or misdemeanor. 

3. He appointed and put in severall new Judges & 
Justices of the Peace in New Jersey & New York, 
some not residing in the Province for which they were 
appointed, others not fitt for those employments, but 
all without the advice & Consent of her Majesty's 
Councill, expressly contrary to his Instructions. 

4. He has permitted te sitt & Act in the Assembly 
of the Province of New Jersey without qualifying 
themselves According to the Laws of England, altho 
such persons are by his Commission & Instructions for 
the s d Province particularly made incapable. 

5. He has past all the Laws Enacted by the Assem- 
bly of both Provinces in a Stile directly Contrary to 
his Instructions, altho otherwise advised by Her 
Majesty's Councill. 



L715] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR EUNTER. 205 

6. Not one of all the Acts of Assembly for raising 
money or Value of Money which he has past have been 
framed According to the Stile of Acts of Parliament in 
England nor such money or Value of money in the s'.' 
Acts mentioned to be given or granted to the late 
Queen with the humble desire of such Assembly &c as 
his Instructions particularly require & Command. 

7 He has p'mitted uery great sums of money to be 
Issued & disposed of directly contrary to his Instruc- 
tions. 

Nor hath he taken care that books of Accounts of 
receits & Payments have been duly Kept & fairly 
attested upon oath; nor transmitted such books to the 
High Treasurer or Commissioners of the Treasury for 
the time being, & to the Commissioners for trade & 
Plantions as by his Instructions he is enjoynd to do 

A nd hath also permitted a clause to be inserted in 
an Act of Assembly of New Jersey whereby the Estate 
of the Treasurer hath been for ever acquitted, exoner- 
ated & discharged from a great sum of money then in 
his hands altho the same was never accounted for here 
likewise contrary to his Instructions. 

8. He hath past severall Acts of Assembly in both 
Prouinces directly repugnant to the laws of England, 
which his Commissions & Instruction expressly forbid. 

9. He hath arbitrarily imprisond, injurd the Free- 
hold. & taken away the goods of severall of the inhabi- 
tants of New Jersey, not only without any law to 
Justify him. but directly repugnant to the laws of 
England & Contrary to his Instructions. 

10. He hath erected Courts or officiers of Judical i ire 
in the said Province of New Jersey, not before erected 
& Establisd. to the great detriment of the Inhabitants, 
whereby Justice has been deny'd & perverted contrary 
to the Laws of England & his particular Instrucc'ons. 

11 He hath very much injurd & oppressed the 
Inhabitants of New Jersey by the great delay of Jus- 
tice, occasiond by his not calling a Councill in 2 years 



206 A !>M1 NISI RATION < > F ( ,<> Y KU NOli HUNTER. [1715 

time, tho many writts of Error were depending before 
the Councill, & by adjourning the Supream Court of 
New Jersey without adA r ice or Consent of her Majesty's 
Councill, for a whole Term, which is contrary to the 
Laws of England (expressed in Magna Charta) to 
which by his Commission he is to keep as close, as 
can be. 

12. He hath illegally orderd the restitution of the 
goods of severall persons which (pursuant to an Act of 
Assembly of New Jersey made before he was Gover- 
nour) were regularly destrained. 

These may it please your Ld'ps: are some few of the 
many mismanagements of Coll Hunter, which we can 
clearly prove. And many more equall, if not greater 
weight we question not fully to make out if from your 
Ld'ps goodness & impartiall Justice we might obtain a 
Coppy of his Commissions, some of his Instructions, 
& the extracts of the before mentioned two Letters 
w ch favour has been granted to others, & which with 
humble submission we concieve ought not to be deny'd 
us. 

Febf yf 21 s ? lt\i Dan; Coxe 



From Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade, -on 
tho state of affairs in Neiv Jersey. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., v..i. v. p. 399. 

To the Right Hon b . ,e the Lords Corn' 8 for Trade 
and Plantations 

My Lords 

Not having received any directions from your Lord- 
ships or the present Ministry since his Majesty's happy 
accession to the Crown, 1 except what was picked up 



1 George I was proclaimed by Governor Hunter in New York and New Jersey in 
October preceding.— N. Y. Col. Docts., V, p. 380.— Ed. 



1715] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOE HUXTF.R. 20'i 

from the wreck of the Hazard Sloop, I am at a loss 
what to write, only in general 1 must inform your 
Lordships, that by the choice made of representatives 
for both Assembly's here, 1 have to much reason to 
expect little besides confusion in both Provinces, The 
Jerseys are so divided about their claims and Titles to 
lands, that whatever party in the Assembly, will ex- 
pect to be gratify'd by some acts in favour of their 
claims, befor they consent to do any thing for the 
Government, M r Cox who is the sower of sedition, has 
got himself chosen by those who are link't to him by 
land purchases, on purpose to make confusion he is 
indeed capable of nothing else, he has done what in 
him lay to raise tumults and has hitherto escaped 
prosecution and punishment by the means of the two 
infamous officers of the Government, the Attorney Gen- 
erall and Secretary, the first of whom I was laid under 
a necessity of suspending, and [as?] your Lordships will 
[have?] perceived by the inclosed minutes of Council 
and must immediatly take the same measure with the 
other, or suffer that Government to be trampled upon 
& stuck, I think my Lords I may now without a crime 
speak out. those two with their abetters have acted no 
otherwise than as they were prompted all along from 
tin' other party by a late Governor of these provinces, 
and his agents on this side, and that very avowedly, 
the people being incessantly threatned and frieghtned 
with his restoration, that freight how groundless so- 
ever, even at that time, had some effect, but I thank 
God it is now over, how far ( 'ox may work upon the 
ensuing Assembly by the means I have already men- 
tion'd, time will show. 

T shall whilst I live retain a just sence of your Lord- 
ships Justice to me, and your endeavours for my re- 
lief, tho' for reasons that I can not dive into, they 
have hitherto proved ineffectual, but as matters stand 
at present, I must conclude it impossible that the 



^08 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEENOB Ul'.NTEIt. [1715 

wretched condition of this Government should be any 
longer overlooked or neglected at home for I must 
with confidence affirm that some men in my station 
would have made concessions of any kind, how preju- 
dicial soever to the interests of the Crown, rather than 
be reduced to that misery that I have groaned under 
these five years past, if it may be of any service to 
His Majesty or the publick, that I should continue to 
beg my daily Bread of those who take pleasure in my 
sufferings I submit with pleasure, I know your Lord- 
ships are of another opinion, which encourages me hum- 
bly but earnestly to obtest your Lordships again to use 
your endeavours for a settlement here by Act of Par- 
liament, as Her late Majesty was pleased to direct, for 
I can stake my life and fortune upon't that never any 
can be obtained on this side, but from Year to Year, 
and that not half sufficient to answer the ordinary and 
necessary expence of Government, the funds for this 
last year not compleating one half of their own scanty 
allowance. 

And if ever such a precarious provision is made il 
must be upon such conditions that a man who lias in 
the least measure the intrest of the Crown at heart, 
can never assent to. 

I shall not farther trouble your Lordships at this 
time, but as you have been hitherto my most worthy 
Patrons and protectors, having to my knowledge not 
so much as in a thought rendred myself unworthy of 
it. I must most humbly intreat that you'] beleive thai 
I am with an unalterable duty and all imaginable 
honour. 

My Lords Your Lordships 

most faithful and most humble Servant 

Ro: Hunter 
New York Mai eh 28. 171.\ 

M r Mompesson our Chief Justice is dead, I" have com- 
missionated Lewis Morris Esq r in his room for these 



1715] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTKR. 809 

■reasons amongst others, that he is a sencible holiest 
man, and able to live without a salary which they 
will most certainly never grant to any in that 
station, at least sufficient to maintain his Clerk, 1 
have in the room of M r Griffith granted a Commis- 
sion to Thomas Gordon Esq r heretofore Chief Justice. 



From Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple about 
Rev. Mr. Talbot, of Burlington, and Messrs. Grif- 
fith, Core and Basse. 

[From xN. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V. p. 401.] 

To W m Popple Esq r 

Sir [Extract] 

* •• •• * * I have been obliged to turn out that 
vile fellow Griffith, the Attorney General of the Jer- 
seys, who has been all along an impudent tool of Lord 
Clarendon's, and that noisy fool Cox has betray'd the 
publick service so avowedly, that I verily believed he 
had orders from home to do so, M r Talbot has incorpo- 
rated the Jacobites in the Jerseys under the name of a 
church, in order to sanctify his sedition and insolence 
to the Government. 1 

That stale pretence is now pretty much discused and 
I am easy and shall make them so in spite of themselves. 
Cox, Griffith and Bass are his main prop's, if the 
Society take not more care for the future than has 
been taken hitherto in the choice of their Missionaries, 
instead of establishing Religion, they'l destroy all Gov- 



1 This accusation against the Rev. John Talbot was transmitted by the Lords of 
Trade to the Society for Propagating the Gospel, and by then- Secretary to Mr. 
Talbot, that it might be answered. It was so by Jeremiah Basse, the Church War- 
dens, and Mr. Talbot himself, and the charge considered effectually refuted. See 
Dr. Hill's History of the Church in Burlington, pp. 137-145.— Ed. 

14 



210 ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [l?lo 

eminent, and good manners. I have not time to add 
more, but that I am very heartily. 

Sir Your most obliged humble Servant 
New York April 9, lTir. Ro. Hunter. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade. 

[From P. R. O. B. T.. New York, Vol. LIII. p. 353. 

To the Right Hon b ! e the Lords Com 1 '* for Trade 

and Plantations 
My Lords 

(Extract.] 

When the Assembly here has done, or done nothing, 
1 am to attend that in the Jerseys, The Copy cast to 
them by this will have influence on that: For M 1 Cox, 
by the Surprize of an Inundation of Swedes has got 
himself Elected in one of the Counties, and the many 
assurances from him all over that Province that I was 
actually superseded has had great influence over the 
Elections in some other Counties, as to the persons 
when they find that they have been imposed upon he 
may be disappointed in his Expectation but I dare 
promise nothing from the choice which is made 

As to the Caveat given in by his Father and Brother, 
I have nothing to plead to't more than if they had 
accused me of Murder and Treason, that is the General 
issue not Guilty; But I must humbly intreat your 
Lordships to give Orders that the Original may be Kept 
Safe until it pleases God to Send me to England, for 
Obvious reasons: 

Tims humbly Submitting my Actions to your Lord- 
ships Scrutiny my Endeavours and intentions to your 
favorable construction and my woful condition to your 
Compassion, I beg leave to Subscribe my Self. 
My Lords Your Lordships most faithful 

and most humble serv! 

New Y^ork May 21 s : 1 1715 Rob: Hunter 



1715] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 211 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Wil- 
liam Popple. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. II, In. | 

Letter from Brigad r Hunter Grov r of New Jer- 
sey &c to y e Sec 1 * 3 "' relating to y e L d Claren- 
don's objections to an Act for applying 
999£ for Support of that Gov 1 

To William Pople Esq r 

New York May 21 1715. 
D r S r 

Having wrote particularly to their Losps about the 
L d Clarendons Caveats, For they are all his, I shall 
only add to you to he communicated to them If 
there be Occasion that his Exceptions Ag' st the Jersey 
bill is as ill grounded as the other for when his Emis- 
sary s In the Council Cox Sonmans Etc: had made it 
Impracticable to hold an Assembly there to Any pur- 
pose I was force! to wait Her Ma'tys pleasure about 
their removeal which was so long in procuseing that 
the Countrey was in arrear to the Government In a 
greater Summ and upon Stateing And takeing the 
Acc ts of y e Expeditions With other Acc ts of Taxes the 
Assembly found a balance of so much remaining In 
their Treasurers hands w cb by a special Act was given 
to me In So much of that which was Indue to me, I 
believe his Lo' sp w^ould not have ask'd for an Act of 
Assembly In Very deed And the King never have been 
the Richer for it but it is all I have for my Sellary for 
that Time and when His Ma'ty Approves the Act It is 
his gift. I know not if any thing be due to him there 
but I'm Sure he has given me no Reason to Solicite his 



-1\! ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HTXTEK. | 1 i 1 "> 

payment. I beg the favour of the Continuation of 
that Friendship which has Stood me in So much Steed 
perhaps one day I may be able to Return it. 
IV S 1 I am w ih the Greatest truth 

Your most Obliged Humble Servant 

B<>: Hunter. 
W" Pople Esq: 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to the Bishop of Lon- 
don — relating to the character of Missionaries. 

I From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. XIII, C. p 301.1 

To the Right Rev? Father in God, John Lord 
Bishop of London. 

My Lord 

We find by Letters from the Northern Continent, 
that several Nations of Indians have been desirous of 
Protestant Missionaries to instruct them in the true Re- 
ligion, Upon which We must observe to your Lord- 
ship, that it seems to Us very necessary the Persons 
sent over for that purpose, shou'd be of unspotted 
Characters, & whose Lives & Conversations ought to 
be unblamable, But We have frequently received Ac- 
counts of some of them very different from that Char- 
acter, w c : h rather admisters Occasion of Scandal than 
contributes to the Propagation of Christianity, and 
particularly We have rec'd a Letter from Brigadier 
Hunter, Governor of New York cSc New Jersey (an 
Extract whereof is here inclos'd)' wherein he gives Us 
a Character of one who is now in the Jerseys; We 
cou'd not omit acquainting yonr Lordship therewith, 

1 Set- page 17-1.— Ed. 



1715] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 213 

that your Lordship may give the necesssary directions 
that persons of Piety, Principles, exemplary life, & well 
affected to his Majesty's Government, be sent for the 
future; 

We are, My Lord Your Lordship's 

Most obedient & most humble Servants, 
Whitehal, 
June 24*:" 1715 R: Molesworth 

Jn? Cokburne. 
John Chetwynd. 
Charles Cooke. 
P. Doeminique. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade 
— about New Jersey affairs. 

[From N. V. Col. Doets., Vol. V. |>. liii. 

To the Right Hon ble the Lords Com 1 ' 3 for Trade 
and Plantations. 

| Extracts, j 

MlJ Lards 

:: ' " :: ' :: " '"• The long session here lias obliged 
me to adjourn the Assembly in the Jerseys till the har- 
vest is over, that is to the first of September, what is 
called the Western division in that Province is in dan- 
ger of confusion by the means of Mr. Cox <x. his party. 
The paper marked D. will inform your Lordships in 
part, of their present dispositions, the grand Jury have 
presented and the Justices hound ov.er the signers and 
promoters of it. when the a If airs in this Province | New 
York) shall give me leave to attend these in the other. 
I'm confident I shall make all easy there, there being- 
no real ground for their uneasiness, unless it be in 
their nature, for they are all from New England who 



214 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1715 

have signed it, but whether they be a true sample of 
the body of the people their, or only a sett of unquiet 
and restless men, who could be easy no where, and so 
left that Province for this, I cannot determine but this 
I confidently affirm that all the oposion and vexation 
I have met with in both these Provinces has been in a 
great measure owing to those who have come to us 
from that, * * * * * * 

I formerly acquainted your Lordships with the death 
of M 1 Hempesson [Mompesson] and that I had Com- 
missionated Lewis Morris Esq- Chief Justice in his 
room, conceiving him to be the fittest person for that 
trust in this place. - '"' " ;: * 

I am My Lords Your Lordships 
most obedient humble Servant 
New York July 25 th 1715 Eo: Hunter 



Paper Subscribed by several Inhabitants of New 
Jersey, Signifying their Refusal to pay 
Francis Pagit, acting as Constable, any 
mony assessed on them by a Person alledg- 
ed to be a Roman Catholick. [referred to in 
foregoing letter.] 

Wee whose Names are under Written do Utterly 
Denie to pay or Suffer to be taken by Distress or any 
other ways any money Goods or any other thing by 
Frances Pagit our so called Constable Because wee 
Doubt of his Being a Lawful Constable & more espe- 
cially Because wee have been Illegally Assesed by an 
Asseser who being a Known & open protest Roman 
Catholick which is Utterly Repugnant to the Laws of 
Great Brittain & Contrary to y : c Rights & Liberties of 
of his Royall Maj'l? faithfull Subjects & if wee Sub- 
mitt To Suffer or Acknowledge any such Roman 



1715] 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



215 



Catholick to Usurp or bare any place in office of proffitt 
or trust Among us wee Should Count our Selves Tray- 
tors to his Maj tie our King & all True Protestants 



Thomas Maskell 
Joseph Denes— — 
Jonathan Dennies J : r 
Sam! 1 Dennis — 
Rob? Robins 
W? Bacon — 
Joseph Bacon 
Sam 1 . 1 Bacon — 



Peter Fitzrandolph 
Thomas Craven — 
Jacob Tapping * — 
Richard Smith 

Charles Dennis 

Philip Stathem 

Alex 1 -' Smith JunF — 

Peter Cravon 

Robert Tullie — 
Vera Copia 



Zebulon Stathem 

Jn? Candler 

Thomas Stathem - - 
Christf Fitzrandolph 
Thomas Twigg - - - 
John Bacon - - - - - 

W? Wattson 

Enoch more - - - - 
Joseph Simkins - - 

Seth Smith ■ 

Alexr Foreman - - 
Jn? Cook - - - 



Rob- Alexander - 
Joseph Alexander 
^-Jn? Reed - 
David Sayre - 
Josiah Filhing - - 



John Rolfk Clerk. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade- 
acknowledging the receipt of his Commissions. 

IFrom N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V. p. H9. 

To the Right Hon ble the Lords Commiss 1 ' 8 for 
Trade & Plantations 

My Lords 

[Extract. ] 
****** i have lately received my Patents 
for the Govern' of these Provinces, 1 I am amazed to 



' His Instructions were approved by the King in Coiricil .rune 17th. and David 
Lyell added to the Provincial Council at the same time— Ed. 



216 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1715 

hear of the opposition some men made to their pass- 
ing, and the more so because there is not one man 
found out hitherto in either Province who does not in 
terms renounce and deny having any hand directly or 
indirectly in instructing or encouraging these men who 
have given themselves and my friends all this trouble, 
I know at all of Sam and Dan: Cox citizens but as to 
M r Sonmans I have formerly informed your Lordships 
that he had fled from prosecution for having carry 'd 
out of the Province of New Jersey and imbezeled all 
the publick records which were seized by an accident 
at Burlington in their passage from New York to 
Philadelphia under a permit as a chest of goods, he is 
indeed one of the most infamous men in those parts, 
and his life and conduct is to foul to he the subject of 
any letter which your Lordships are to read. 

The other person the Rev d M r Vesey had laboured 
hard for a persecution ever since I had the honour to 
Govern here, but to no purpose, so at an interview be- 
tween him and a very great man then at Boston it was 
resolved that he should go for England and cry out fire 
& church at all hazards, and accordingly he went in 
the manner your Lordships have heard, but that plot 
in all other of its parts so well concerted happen'd to 
be deficient in the point of time & season and the rage 
of disappointed polititian prompted him to join in 
these impotent and unchristian efforts against me, He 
has wrote to his friends here that he is to return with 
the character of Commissary to the Bishop of London, 
I have wrote to his Lordship that 1 can hardly believe 
it, since there is a happy issue put to the confusion at 
home, it is to little purpose to propagate what was by 
the means of that man raised here, which cannot be 
his Lordships intention tho' it may have that effect. 

There are wanting three Councillors in the Jerseys 
in the room of M r Quary, M 1 Mompesson and M r Hall 
deceased, I humbly recommend in their rooms David 



1715] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 217 

Jamison the Chief Justice of that Province David Lyel 
a proprietor there and John Bambridge another pro- 
prietor of the Western division I have recommended 
George Clark Esqr in my former to the place vacant in 
y e Council of New York by the death of M r Mompes- 
son. * * * * * 

My Lords Your Lordships most humble 
and most obedient Servant 

Eo: Hunter. 
New York Aug: 13 th 1715. 



Order in Council Relating to the Payment of a Cer- 
tain Sum of Money by Thomas Gordon 

(From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. II, D 8] 

Order of Council, for confirming an Act of 
New Jersey, to enable Thomas Gordon 
Esq- Treasurer of that Province, to pay 
the sum of 999. 1 3. 8 &c. 

At the Court of St Jamess 'the Hl st Day of 
August 1715 Present 

TJie Kings Most ExcelV. Majesty in Council 

Whereas by Commission under the Great Sealo of 
England the Governour Council and Assembly of His 
Maj t8 Province of New Jersey in America are author- 
ized and empowered to make constitute and ordaine 
Laws Statutes and Ordinances for the Publick Peace 
Wellfare and Good Governm! of the said Province 
which Laws Statutes and Ordinances are to be as near 
as conveniently may be agreeable to the Laws and 
Statutes of this Kingdome And to be transmitted to 
His Maj tv for His Roy all approbation or Disallowance 
of them: And whereas in Pursuance of the said 



218 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1715 

Powers a Law past in the General Assembly of the 
said Province the 16 th of February 1715 hath been 
transmitted from thence the Title whereof is as fol- 
lows viz 1 

An Act to enable Thomas Gordon Esq- Treasurer of 
this Province to pay the sum of nine hundred ninety 
niue Pounds thirteen Shillings and three Pence towards 
the Support of the Government, and for discharging 
the said Treasurer thereof 

Which said Law having been perused and well con- 
sidered by the Lords Commissioners for trade and 
Plantations and by them presented to this Board with 
their humble opinion that the same be confirmed : His 
Ma ty in Council this Day taking the same into Consid- 
eration is graciously pleased with the Advice of his 
Privy Council to declare his Approbation of the said 
Law and Pursuant to his Maj t>8 Roy all Pleasure there- 
upon, the said Law is hereby confirmed finally enacted 
and ratify eel accordingly. 

Vera Copia 
Christo" Musgrave 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple- 
Relating to Certain Appointments by the Bishop 
of London. 

[From the N. Y. Col. D<«ts . Vol. V. p. 450. 

To William Popple Esq Sec ry To the Right 
Hon ble the Lords Com rs for Trade and Plan- 
tations 

Sir 

[Extract. | 
:; -::- * •::• rpjj e Bjghop of London 1 hear has ap- 
pointed M r Vesey his Commissary here, at least he 
writes so to his friends I hope his Lordship has also^ 



1715] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 219 

constituted Talbot 1 his Commissary for the Jerseys 
& Phillips for Pennsylvenia, these being the three 
Clergymen mentioned in mine to my Lord Stair, and 
then I shall know what he means, the best on't is that 
tho' I know no good they have ever done I know no 
great hurt they can do at present * * * * 

Your most obliged friend & humble Serv 1 
New York October 10 th 17L."> Rob: Hunter 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple- 
Respecting Certain Proceedings of Rev. Mr. 

Vesey. 

LFrom P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. It, D 12.] 

Letter from Brigade Hunter, Grov r of New Jer- 
sey, to the Secretary, relateing to the ill 
Character & Behaviour of M r Vesey, the 
Bishop of London's Commissary in these 
parts. 

Perth Amboy y e 9 Nov r 1715 

Haveing wrote a very Long letter to their Lo 8ps 
whilst at New York I am asham'd to give them fresh 
trouble here, but must Intreat you In my Name to be 
a Suiter to their Lo 8ps for their Protection against a 
Persecution that I am not able to bear 

Since I arriv'd here the Rev'" 1 M r Vesey came hither 
with a letter from My Lord of London acquainting me 
that his Lo sp had Constituted him his Commissary in 
these Parts and had directed him as Such to Inquire 
Into the truth of what I have wrote heretofore In Re- 
lation to M r Talbot and his Congregation. It is noto- 
rious to everybody on this Side that In the late reign 

'Seepage 209. 



220 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEKNOE 1HXTER. [1715 

there was a plott Laid and measures concerted between 
Ml" Talbot M r Vesey and M r Nicolson for my utter 
mine. I have seen a letter under M r Talbots own hand 
that he was to have gone to London but that M' Vesey 
when at Boston had agreed w th M r Nicolson that he 
should be the man. Talbot is too plaine a man to hide 
his dissaffection or ev'n the open profession of it, M r 
Vesey has never had or deserv'd any other Character 
than that of Sower Jacobite, and as I have formerly 
wrote stands on record in the Council books at New 
York for base and Indecent Language of his Sovereign 
King william whilst upon the Throne an Extract of 
w ch M r Sec ry Clarke will send you w h this Now If I 
must at this time o'th day when I had Lay'd my ac- 
count w th being made easy after all my Sufferings have 
my Conduct Canvas'd And my Veracity Submitted to 
y e Scrutiny of my Protest Enemies as well as of his 
Ma'tys Gov 1 . I think I have the hardest fate of any 
man In his Ma'tys Dominions 

M 1 ' Vesey Enter'd New York In Triumph like his 
friend Sacheverel And Immediately on his arriveal 
assur'd every body that I had neither Intrest nor 
Friends at home. It may be so, but I have that 
within me w 1 ' will ever befriend me In Spite of all 
Such pitiful and base Efforts to my Prejudice. I know 
the Bishops Spleen and the Cause of it but was In 
hopes it was Long ago forgott. 

If you Judge it proper t<> Show this to their Lo sps or 
any of them I give you leave. If you think they tan 
not help me Let it alone. I have demean'd my Self So 
that I should not be afraid, of Submitting all my Con- 
duct to a Jury of Clergymen So they he honest men. 
I have ever found you a worthy friend and what ever 
befalls me I can never without black Ingratitude he 
other than D' S 1 ' Your most obliged and 

Most humble Servant 

Ro: Huntek. 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR Hl'N'TKR. 221 



Lei lei' from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade- 
About Certain Acts of New Jersey Assembly. 

I From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V. p. 161.] 

To the Right Honble the Lords Com re for Trade 

& Plantations. 
My Lords 

[Extract.] 

There is also another Act passed in this Province 
and Jersey for shortning of law suits & regulating the 
practice of the law, another in this Province for pre- 
venting the multiplicity of law suits 1 , which Acts the 
.fudges and other Officers of the supream courts have 
represented to me as destructive of the Jurisdiction of 
those Courts: and being perpetual if more inconveni- 
encies should be found, we have no remedy. The 
Assemblies in the Jersey's also past another act con- 
firming the Ordinance for establishing Fees, which was 
(I tawn by a committee of the Council & Assembly and 
trenches much upon the fees & perquisites of the 
Secretaries office: It is aparent that it was the dislike 
of the person then in that office, against whom they 
had so often represented, which made 'em go these 
lengths. 

There was also an Act passed, whilst Col: Ingoldsby 
Act'd as Lieut' Gov: of the Jersey's, fixing the session 
of Assembly to Burlington, whereas by the tacit con- 
dition of the Surrender, It was to be alternately at 
Burlington & Amboy; It was approved by her late 



1 Under date of Feb. -.'."itli, 1717-18, the Lords of Trade wrote to Gov. Hunter: " We 
send you here inclosed Mr Attorney Generals objections to the Act for shortning of 
law suits &ca whereby you will see the necessity of getting another Act passed for 
that purpose. The Act for preventing the multiplicity of Law suits lies now before 
his Majesty with our opinion, for his confirmation, which we hope may be trans- 
mitted to you by the next conveyance. " — Ed. 



222 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1715 

Majesty, but is attended with many inconveniencies, 
particularly the remoteness of the place, subjects the 
Governor here to much trouble and charge and when 
occasion shall so require, debars the Governor from 
holding the Assemblies of both Provinces at the same 
time, And that the Town of Philadelphia reap the chief 
benefit from the expence of the concourse on such 
occasions, that town being for the most part supply 'd 
by the Philadelphia markets. 

Quaere, whether an instruction from his 
Majesty, may not be sufficient to suspend the 
execution of that Act, and to restore that mat- 
ter to its former state, as by the Surrender. 
There is one hardship which I have observed ever 
since I came into this country, which fall chiefly upon 
the poorer sorts: that is that there being no currency 
but of silver and bills of credit, the smallest of which 
is of two shillings, they have not the same relief from 
the ordinary markets as in other places; for this there 
is an easy remedy, if his Majesty would be pleased to 
grant it, there being a Copper mine here brought to 
perfection, 1 as you may find by the Custom house 
books at Bristol, where there was imported from this 
place about a Tonn in the Month of July or August 
last, of which copper farthings may be coyned, to 
answer their ordinary uses, if his Majesty will be 
pleased to grant a patent for that purpose, as I have 
more particularly inform 'd and pray'd the assistance 
of Secretary of state. 

* * •?:- # * * 

I am with all possible honour and regard 
My Lords Your Lordships 
most faithfull and most humble servant 
New York Nov r 12, 1715 Ro: Hunter 

1 Presumed to refer to the mine at Belleville, near Newark. N. J.— Ed. 



1715] ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOR HUNTER. 223 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Mr. Secretary Popple 
— relating principally to the Rev. Mr. Talbot and 
Rev. Mr. Vesey. 

[From P. R. O B. T.. New Jersey. Vol II. D 13. i 

Letter from Brigadier Hunter, Gov r of N. Jer- 
sey to the Secretary. 

Amboy the U^ Nov r 1715 
D S> 

I hope this may overtake the Ship at York that was 
to cary my Last 

I have since I have been here rec'd a letter from M r 
Sacket the director of the Tar- work Informing me that 
he has cut down and Split Several of the prepar'd trees 
and finds that they will not answer his hopes, whether 
this be from their Long standing after their due time 
Expir'd a wrong preparation, or whatever it be If the 
work is to be cary'd on there is an Absolute Necessity 
of Sending for men well Instructed in that matter 
from the Countreys from whence it is usually brought, 
for as I have often affirmed here are pitch pine Enough 
to furnish Tarr for Ever for all y e Navigation of Brit- 
taine and by Constant and Long Experience we know 
that these trees yeild great quantitys of Turpentine, 
Tar is but the Turpentine burnt out, whereas that is 
tapt out as they call it. JVP Bridger I hope by this time 
has been call'd upon to give an account who it was 
who perswaded him to betray his Trust and that de- 
sign. 

I wrote to you In haste the other day after haveing 
receiv'd the Bishop of Londons letter by His New Com- 
missary M 1 Vezey, I now affirm to you againe that 
this is but a continuation of a Coutriveance On the 



224 A D.M IX IS'] RATION OF (JOYERNOR HUNTER. [1715 

Other Side to undo me by the means of M r Nicolson 
and two or three factious and Jacobite Clergymen of 
which M 1 Vezey and M r Talbot were the Chief e, I need 
not tell you what hand a Noble Peer at y e head of a 
Party in the Society had in this, but to Convince you 
and all mankind of y c Truth of what I affirm, here fol- 
lows an Extract of Two letters wrote by M r Talbot the 
Originals wrote and Sign'd by himself e lye now before 
me and If he denys 'em shall be producd The first is 
addressed to M rs Anne Walker at James Eiver Vir- 
ginia and dated at Burlington July IT. 'I had the 
" favour of 2 letters from you w ch are always welcome 
' to me and my Friends, Your Friend Jonathan is not 

* fallen before the Philistins but hopes in god to see 
' them fall before him and that in a litle time. Gen 1 
' Nicolson has promis'd to be here in the fall and then 
' he says he will make us all easy. He would not Con- 
1 sent to My Going home without leave of our Society 
' least I should not come again, But Bro' Vesey y e 
' Rector of Trinity Church at New York is fled before 
' the Philistins, He has gott the Generals letters 'tis 

* now 3 weeks ago since he Sail'd, God Speed him well 
k and then No More Need go upon that account Now 
' there's no Minister of our Church at New York but 
' we serve it by turns next moneth I shall be there. 
' meanwhile I have Enough to do to Keep the peace of 
' the Churches at Philad" and New York we have so 
v many Adversarys without and within but Never fear 
' your friend Jonathan will never yeild to 'em so long 

* as he has the Grace of God and y e prayers of the Sts 
' we are going to open a New Church at N. Bristol 
' over against Burlington which I Intend to nominate 
' S* Ann's or S l Marg ts more for the Sake of your good 
' family then any other of that Name that I know — 

This is letter for letter as it stands in his Epistle. 
That w dl Follows, In like maner in his own hand is 
directed To The Rev'" 1 M' John Urmston missioner in 



1715] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 225 

N th Carolina to be left at M 1 Blackamores in Virginia 
dated Philadelphia July 17 — 

' I thought you had been dead in that dismal Swamp 
'where there is hardly anything that is good as for 

• those things y' you send here for 1 would send them 
' with all my heart but since you design to Remove 
' the best way is to come soon here are several Churches 
' vacant that you may serve and I will Ingage my 
k Intrest with the Society that they shall allow your 

• Sellary. General Nicolson sent a letter here last post 
1 that He would be here in the fall, I can do anything 
' with Him and He with the Society. M' Vesey is fled 
k for Persecution from New York So that Church is 
' destitute at Present only the Missionary s stave it by 
' Turns Next week we are going all hands to Open the 

• Church at New Bristol over against Burlington I have 
•sent to the Society for a Missionary for that and 
' Hopewell but first come first serv'd. Therefore make 
' the best of your way 

Now S 1 what d'ye think am I in the Right or no. 
This I desire you May lay before their Lo sps , You'll ask 
me why not before the Bishop of London I'll tell you 
why. There was a Representation to the Bishop Long- 
ago Complaining of the dangerous Conduct of M r 
Vesey particularly of his Arbitrary Infractions of their 
('barter Sign'd by all the Men of worth or figure of 
the English Church here all the Reply that has been 
made to 't was that it was handed about here Imme- 
diately upon the news of M' Vezeys arriveal at Boston 
w th the manerly title of y' N York Monster many 
bands and no beads, and the Person Complain'd of 
Returns with the New Character of His Lo sps Commis- 
sary w" ! orders from bis Los" to inquire Into the truth 
of what 1 bad Represented to the Lords of Trade 
relateing to M' Talbot's and bis own Conduct. The 
world knows that Talbot is a protest Jacobite: Nay he 
will not dissemble it. Vesey has more dissimulation 
15 



226 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1715 

but never was reputed other wise by any Sober man 
whicli all his Conduct has sufficiently Evinc'd. I 
have told him that If the Bp of London would take 
care to make him a good Commissary I would Indeav- 
or to make him a good Subject. This happen'd on his 
Accosting me here after his Splendid Entry at York, 
when I had read the Bps Letter I told him that My Ld 
of London had assur'd me that he was return'd with a 
disposition to make every body he was Concern'd with 
easy for the future, he Interrupted me and told me 
that it had ever been his Conduct, w cb provok'd me but 
made y e Company Laugh. 

I am ashamed to dwell So Long upon this Subject, 
but it is of greater Consequence here then you at a 
distance can easily Imagine, The Jacobite faction hefe 
tho' few in Number are strong in Malice and the rage 
they have conceiv'd at their dissappointment makes 
them use all the vilest hidden arts in their power to 
make the Administration uneasy. If they continue to 
receive Countenance from the other Side they may 
grow in numbers too. It is not to be beleiv'd what I 
bore of these men during the late Ministry's time, 
being aware of what was projected, I'll give you but 
one Instance, I wrote to M r Talbot as I had done to all 
y e Missionary s at their own desire that they should 
meet at York to Addresse their new Bp I think, He 
return'd me for Answer, that there was a great Gulf 
between us so that they who would passe from us to 
you or you to us Cannot If their Lo P1 " think fitt that I 
should Suffer in Silence under these affronts for y e 
future, upon the Least hint from them I shall do So, 
In the mean time I am firmly Resolv'd by all Lawfull 
means to Stifle the growing Evil, In complyance w ,h 
my duty Let the Consequences to me be what they 
will I need not repeat that I am unalterably 
D r S r Your most obliged and 

most Humble Servant 

Ro: Hunter 



1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 22? 



From the Lords of Trade to Governor Hunter — About 
New Jersey Matters. 

[From P. R. O. 15. T. New Jersey, Vol. XIII, p. 326.] 

Letter to Brig^ Hunter, Governor of New Jer- 
sey & c 

To Ro Hunter Esq r 

March v 22 d 17JJ 
S r 

Since our Letter to you of the 13 th Instant relating 
to your Government of New York We have read yours 
t<> us of the 27 th August 1714; As also those to our 
Secretary of the 21 st of May & 14 ,h of Nov b : er 1715 
relating to New Jersey. 

In your Letter of the 13 ,h of August from New York 
You say that there are three Vacancies in the Council 
of Jersey & propose David Jamisson, David Lyol & 
John Bainbridge to fill up the said Vacancies, but upon 
examing your Instructions which you had not receiv'd 
when you writ that Letter, We find that David Lyol 
has already been put in, And that there is only one 
Vacancy by the Death of M. 1 .' Mompesson, And We 
shall immediately recommend either Robert Wheeler, 
or the aforesaid Bainbridge to supply thai Place. 

As to what you write in your Letter of the 12" of 
Nov^ er 1715. also from New York, relating to the Act 
for fixing the Sessions of Assembly in the Jersies at 
Burlington. That Act having been cortfirm'd by her 
late Majesty the Execution of it can ho ways be set 
aside, but by another Act the Preamble whereof is to 
set forth the Inconveniences of the present Act. and to 
pray his Majesty that it be repeal'd & that what is to 
follow be substituted in the Place of it. 



'.'.'> A M\IIXISTRATIO> ; OF GOVRRXOR HUNTER. [1716 

We have not heard any thing of M 1 ' Sonmans since 
lii- \ nival here in England, We are apprized of what 
you write concerning him & shall not fail of doing you 
Justice when he or indeed any else do apply to us. 

The Act to enable Thomas Gordon to pay £ 999 &c 
having been confirm'd and the Order long since sent 
you. We have nothing to say in answer to your fore- 
said Letter to our Sec7 of the 21 st of May last, but that 
We send you a Copy of the said Order here inclosed 
least the Original should have mis carried. 

In relation to the other Acts, We shall let them lye 
as probationary, unless we should find there is a Neces- 
sity of having any of them confirm'd or repeal'd : Upon 
this Occasion We must take Notice to you of the Want 
of an Agent to sollicit the Affaires of that Province & 
particularly that the Persons concerned in the private 
Acts transmitted, have not directed any Persons here 
to sollicit the Dispatch of them. We are obliged ic» 
send all such private Acts to M' Attorney or M' Sollici- 
tor (fen! for their Opinion in Point of Law, and if there 
be no body here to follow such Acts they will not re- 
port upon them; and frequently upon the Removal of 
Attorneys or Sollicitors the said Acts are liable to be 
lost. 

As to M r Vesey & ffi Talbott We have spoke & shall 
take such other Measures as M r [we?] hope will make 
you easy in that Matter: so we bid you heartily fare- 
well and are Sir 

Your very loving Friends & humble Servants, 

Jn? Cokburn 
Jn? Chetwynd 
Oha" Cooke 
Jos: Addison 
Jn: 1 Molbsworth. 



17161 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. .'■.". i 



From {Secretary Popple to Governor Hunter. 

I From N. Y. Col. boot*.. Vol. V. p. 172.] 

To Brig r Hunter 

Sir 

You will see by the Boards letter to you here 
inclosed that I have laid your Several letters to me 
before them, & by consequence that I have little to 
add to what their Lordships have writ, however some- 
thing I shall say for your information — 

As to the business of Vesey and Talbot, I hope in a 
little time you will be made easy in it; for the board 
have taken such measures by speaking to the proper 
persons that it seems reasonable to conclude these two 
gentlemen will not long be troublesome to you. 

There are several of the New Jersey Acts, and par- 
ticularly the private ones that require to be sent to the 
Attorney or Solicitor General, for their opinion before 
the Board can present them to His Majesty for his 
approbation. But there being no Agent here for that 
Province, enabled to disburse what may be necessary 
from time to time, those Acts will lye forever in their 
hands for want of such agent to pay their fees; It is y 
same case with respect to Councillors; For if the Board 
had reported (as they were inclined to do) that the per- 
sons you had recommended should be appointed Coun- 
cillors by his Majesty, nothing would have been done 
therein, for want of a person to pay the fees in the 
Council & Secretaries Office. I could give you many 
more instances of the necessity of having Agents to 
transact the bussiness of each Province, but that I am 
satisfy 'd you are fully convinced of it your self I am 
Sir Your Most obedient humble Servant 

W" Popple 

Whitehall April 16 th 1716 



330 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade- 
About New Jersey Affairs. 

From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. II, I). 37.] 

Letter from Brigade Hunter Gov? of New Jer- 
sey &c 

Amboy April 30 th 171(5 
My Lords 

This Letter relates to the Affairs of the Jerseys I 
wish I could with truth inform Your Lordships that 
matters are as Easy & quiet there as they are att New 
York att present but the restles Spirit of that turbu- 
lent Man Cox assisted by the furious Zeall of M r Tal- 
bot has inflamed the Lower Rank of People to that 
degree that only time & patience or stronger measures 
than att present in my power can allay the heat. 

I formerly Acquainted Yo' Lordships That the Act 
for the Constant Sessions of Assembly att Burlington 
past by Collonel Ingoldsby when he assumed the Gov- 
ernment after the death of the Lord Lovelace gave 
great inconveniencys & was of very ill consequence 
here I took the liberty to ask Your Lordships the ques- 
tion whether his Majestys Instructions would not be 
Sufficient to restore that matter to that Just & Equal 
foot upon which it was put upon by the terms & att 
the time of the Surrender of the Government by the 
Proprietors it was no Small Satisfaction to mee to find 
that Matter by his Majestys Instructions remedied & 
the alternate Sessions att Amboy and Burlington 
restored for I know not how Long it may be safe to 
hold Either Assemblys or Courts of Justice att Bur- 
lington As Your Lordships will perceive by the Inclosed 
Coppys of the Inditements by the Grand Jury there 
by which the Cheif Justice the President of the Coun- 



1716] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 531 

cill & the Attorney Generall are indited for doeing 
their duty according to the Laws in force. 

The Assembly being dissolved upon the Arrival of 
My New Patent Writts were Issued Out for a New 
Election when by the means of false suggestiors 
fraudulent Conveyances and the Rum botle the Per- 
sons abovenamed j:>rocured Such a return to be made 
as Induced the Councill & Every body who was a 
friend to the Government to advise a dissolution in 
Order to give the Country One Opportunity of making 
a fewer & better Cheifs as Your Lordships will now 
fully understand by the Inclosed Minutes of the Coun- 
cill Mark' t (Gr) which was accordingly done And Writts 
issued out for Another Election Matters are something 
Mended by the Last returns the Quakers having car- 
ried the Elections Against M 1 Cox in the County of 
Burlington and now after much Strugle they are mett 
att this place according to the tenor of his Majestys 
Instructions M r Cox Laboured hard to disswade the 
members of the Western Division from comeing to 
Amboy but in Vain but by foul Insinuations carried 
An Address in that House to remove the Sessions to 
Burlington to which I Answered that his Majestys 
Instructions which are a Law to mee haveing restored 
that Matter to the terms of the Surrender I could not 
give My consent to Any thing that Might Elude the 
Intention of them without giving Juster ground of 
Complaint against mee than I had hitherto done 

The Noise which that Man had made about dis- 
penceing with Laws obliged me to take Some pains to 
State that Matter right for the Satisfaction of such of 
them as were Capable of Conviction but Seemed to 
retain some Scruples I told them that the Ascertain- 
ing the time & places for the Session of Parliaments as 
Well as Assemblys was an undisputed part of the pre- 
rogative and that Her late Majestys Approving of An 
Act confmeing the Sessions to any One place could 



•.'.'-I'.' ADMINISTRATION OF (MH'KRXOR HUXTKR. [1716 

hear no other Construction than that she was pleased 
in dispence with the Exercise of it in that Instance 
but could no waves hind up her Royal Successor who 
had now by his Instructions to mee been pleased to 
put the affair again upon its former foot. 

Your Lordships will observe that the Incitements 
Sein You are founded upon a Notion instilled into the 
People by some pernicious pretenders to Law here that 
the Act passed in this province some Years ago for 
qualifieing Quakers for imployments by their Affirma- 
tion or Attestation was Actually repealed by the Act 
of Parliament passed in favour of that People in the 
first year of His Majesty's reign whereas 'tis as plain 
as words can make it that that Act Extends the Act- 
made in the Seventh and Eighth of William the third 
t( > the plantations Only so fair as relates to y e Affir- 
mation And that it has no Negative but upon its Self 
The Words in the Act laid hold of for their pretence 
Are these Provided and be it Enacted that No Quaker 
or reputed Quaker shall By Virtue of this Act be 
qualified &cf Now no Quaker pretends that he is by 
Virtue of that Act Qualified but he is well Assured 
that he is so by Virtue of An Act of Assembly passed 
some time agoe in this province by Her Late Majestys 
Speciall Instructions and never as Yet dissallowed or 
repealed I am sorry that Your Lordships must share 
the torture of persueing these men through all the 
Mazes of their folly & Mallice which I am laid under a 
Necessity of doeing or of Suffering a Whole province 
to be mislead and the Government to be trampled 
upon it was Confidently given Out by M r Cox & his 
Party that all Laws past in the last Assembly in the 
Late Queens time were null & Void by reason of the 
Act for Triennial] parliaments that Assembly haveing 
Continued for a Longer time than three years this 
Absurd Notion gained Credit to that degre that many 
Absolutely refused to pay their taxes And M 1 Cox the 



l; lt'>| ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. '!'■)'■'> 

head has never Yett paid one Penny but Suffered him- 
self to be distrained and when I was last att Burling- 
ton his goods were sold by the Constable att Publick 
Outcry for the Value of fourteen Shillings the Extent 
of that Great Mans Yearly Tax 

The Assembly is now mett att this place and M' 
Cox was chosen Speaker by the same means he was 
chose Assembly man 1 know not but 1 may be Able 
to beat him w lh his Own tools Att the Opening of their 
Session I spoke to them as in the Paper Marked i H ) 
they have satt above three weeks but have done 
nothing I have been informed that he has Sent a 
Remonstrance through the Country for Subscription 
tlie Import of which is to desire his Majesty to put this 
province under a Separate Government God knows if 
it were consistent with my Duty I would heartily Join 
with them in that Supplycation but knowing it to be 
an 111 president and of dangerous Consequence I shall 
Endeavour to find it out or put a stop to it if it Goes 
home I hope Your Lordships will advise his Majesty 
to give it that reception it deserves Your Lordships 
will be att a Loss to Conceive how One man and he so 
weak should be able in Spite of Laws & Authority to 
embroil a Whole province but it is a truth tho' a para- 
dox that An Abler man would not have done it for 
Palpable Lyes Contradiction and Absurdity backed 
with a Large dram botle have more force upon the 
minds of the lower Rank of men in these parts than 
Self Evident troths and their Own Interest it Self for 
that Man has for Six Years past published lyes with 
relation to the Government and Publick Affairs and 
Nothing but lyes which the People have by the Con- 
stant Events found to be, so Yet they grow fond of 
the delusion and take party with the deceiver Cannot 
Your Lordships call to mind something like this prac- 
ticed Else where Your Lordships will ask with good 
reason Why is he not punished I'll tell you why the 



234 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 

Quakers who are the only friends to the present Estab- 
ment in the County where he lives (thanks to the 
Reverend Mr Talbot) And Almost the Only men of 
Substance Sence and probity there are not Capable by 
the Laws of Serveing on Petty Jurys in Criminal cases 
the rest are his Associats & Abettors who by the Ad- 
vice and Arts of that Vilest of Prostitutes Basse have 
defeated and are Still Able to defeat the Laws and 
render all such piosecutions of no other effect but upon 
Such defeat to bring the Government into Contempt I 
am now studying to detect his practices in other Coun- 
trys which If I can Accomplish I shall be able to deal 
with him 

In the mean time to Strengthen the hands of the 
Government here I intreat Your Lordships to recom- 
mend to his Majesty's Approbation the Act Entituled 
An Act that the solemn Affirmation and declaration 
of the people called Quakers shall be accepted instead 
of an Oath and for quahneing the said People &c? 
which now lyes before you And to transmit that Ap- 
probation when Obtained as soon as may be 

If Your Lordships doe not think fitt to advise A 
declaration of the Nullity of all the Laws past by M r 
Ingoldsby during the time he possest himself of the 
Government after the death of the Lord Lovelace 
without Any Right or Title to the Same he haveing 
been Suspended by her Late Majesty from the Office 
of Lieutenant Governor Severall Years before that as 
Your Lordships will find it Entred in the Councill 
Book while S' Charles Hodges was Secretary of State 
There are how Ever some of these Laws w c _ h as unjust in 
themselves, and of Evil tendency Your Lordships will 
undoubtedly Judge ought to be disallowed As particu- 
larly An Act explaining An Act Intituled An Act for 
the Support of her Majestys Government &c by which 
Act the Mony Given to the Lord Lovelace by the Act 
which this pretends to Explain is given away to M r 



L716] V D M r NISTRATIO N ( > F G V B R NO R H I N'T BR. 235 

Ingoklsby and Others against all Justice and her 
Maj tys Express Commands There is also another Act 
Intituled An Act for the better qualifieing Representa- 
tives which was meant and Intended Only to Exclude 
some persons of the best Estates and figure in the 
provinces from the Assembly who for the Sake of 
their Ohildrens Education or other Conveniencys 
resided att York which as differeing widely from the 
Instruction for that purpose which have Ever been 
looked upon as the terms of the Surrender I hope 
you Lordships will Judge Necessary to be disallowed 
The Other Acts Passed during that time are Either 
Expired by their Own limitation Or their Intent Sup- 
plyed by Subsequent Acts (upon all which I have 
amply observed heretofore by Order from Your Board) 
that a Generate declaration of their Nullity can be 
attended \v ,h no ill consequence that I can foresee. 

I shall be Obliged to give Your Lordships fresh 
trouble by the Next Conveyance with relation to the 
Proceedings of the Present assembly here to which 
time I shall refifer what further Accounts of the Affairs 
of this Province I have to lay befor Your Lordships 
having allready trespassed too much upon your 
patience by this And shall conclude with assureing 
your Lordships that I am with all Imaginable honour 
Gratitude and regard 

My Lords Your Lo >,s most 

Humble And most Obed 1 servant 
Ro: Hunter. 



236 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR .HUNTER. [1716 



Indictment of Chief Justice Jamison — referred to in 
the foregoing letter of Governor Hunter. 

I From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey. Vol. II. D 28. | 

Indictment ag* the Cheife Justice of y e Jerseys 
Rec d June 20 th 1716. 

Burlington ss 

The Jurors for our Sovereign Lord the King upon 
their Oaths do p'sent That David Jamison 1 of 
the City of New York Esq re Chief Justice of the 
province of New Jersey at A Sup'am Court of Judica- 
ture held at Burlington in the County of Burlington 
afores- 1 on Tuesday being the first day of Novem- in 
the Second Year of the Reign of our most Gracious 
Sovereign Lord George by the Grace of God King of 
Great Britain France and Ireland Defender of the 
Faith &c There being an Act of Parliament made in 
the first Year of our s (1 Sovereign Lord the King Enti- 
tuled an Act for making perpetual an Act of the 
Seventh & Eighth Year of the Reign of his late Majes- 
tic King William the Third Intituled An Act that y" 
Solemn Affirmation and Declarac'on of the People 
called Quakers Shall be accepted in Stead of an Oath 
in the Usual form and for Explaining and Enforcing 
the said Act in relation to the payment of Tithes and 



For notice nt 




see Vol. II, p. 114. 



L716] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 2'6"i 

Church rates and for appointing the form of an 
affirmation to be taken by y e s? people called Quakers 
instead of the Oath of Abjuration And a printed Coppy 
of the afores' 1 Act of parliament being then and there 
in the afores? Court produced from the Kingdom of 
Great Britain and by Order and Authority of the 
afores? Court then and there held and by Jeremiah 
Bass Esq. Clerk of the afores? Court then and there 
was openly read & publish VI But the afores' 1 Chid 
Justice Jamison his Solemn oath for the observance of 
y e Laws and Statutes of y c Kingdom of Great Britain 
not at all minding nor his duty of allegiance towards 
our s? Lord the King little regarding nor the Con- 
temptuous Violation of ye afores' 1 Law and Statute of 
y e Kingdom of Great Britain any manner of way 
fearing Advisedly Maliscously & of his own proper 
Maliscous Intention And Imagination to Draw the 
aforesaid Act of parliam- into Question and Contempt 
These. Seditious & Contemptuous English words (he 
the s' 1 Chief Justice Jamison upon y e Bench then and 
there being) Did Speak and promulgate in the presence 
and hearing of Divers of his Maj'ties Liege Subjects 
(that is to say) that tho 1 it was a presumptuous Evi- 
dence meaning the afores' 1 printed Act) he took no 
notice of it and Accordingly he the s? Chief Justice 
Jamison then and there in like manner Directed 
Jeremy Bass Esq- Clerk of the afores 1 . 1 Court toQualifie 
the Grand Jury of the people called Quakers then and 
there by the Sheriff of y e afores! 1 County returned by 
an affirmation and the afores? Jeremiah Bass ( !lerk of 
the afores' 1 Court then and there objecting to him the 
s' 1 Chief Justice Jamison that there being an Act of 
parliament made in the first Year of King Georges 
Reign produced and published which Excludes the 
people Called Quakers from Serving on any Jurys and 
that I (meaning himself) make as much Conscience of 
breaking the Laws of England as they do (meaning 



238 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 

the s? people called Quakers) of taking an Oath and I 
(meaning himself will not qualifie them for which for 
w ch Lo} r al words by him the said Jeremiah Bass then 
and there Spoken and promulgated the afores- 1 Chief 
Justice Jamison declared him the s? Jeremy Bass to be 
in Contempt and then and there fined him the said 
Jeremiah Bass Clerk of the afores- 1 Court and Secre- 
tary of the Province of New Jersey in the Sum of 
Twenty pounds and then and there Committed the 
Body of him the s d Jeremiah Bass into the Custody of 
the Sheriff of the County aforesaid untill the afores? 
Sum should be paid, And further y e s? Chief Justice 
Jamison did then and there (upon the Motion of M r 
Henry Vernon Practitioner of Law Challenging the 
the array to A pannel of A Jury returned by Samuel 
Gouldy Coroner of the County afores? he the s d Sam 1 
Gouldy being of the people called Quakers And no 
otherways Quallified than by an Affirmation without 
the Usual Solemnity of an oath prayed the afores? 
Court that the Pannel might be quashed in like man- 
ner Maliscously Contemptuously & publickly did Speak 
and promulgate these other Seditious & Contemptuous 
English words (that is to Say) that if he (meaning the 
s? Henry Vernon) had nothing ag 1 it but that Act pro- 
duced in Court Yesterday of the first of King George 
tho' it was a p'umptuous Evidence he (meaning him- 
self) took no notice of it and allowed the afores? Re- 
turn to be Good against the oath of his office Contrary 
to the afores- 1 Act of parliament in that behalf made 
and provided in Grievious Contempt and Defamation 
of the Same And Against the Duty of his Allegiance 
to the Evil Example of others and also against the 
peace of our s? Lord the King his Crown and Dignity 
&c a true Copy 

Billa vera. James Thomson CI 



1716] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 239 



Indictment of Lewis Morris, by the Grand Jury of 
Burlington County, New Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey. Vol. II. D. 29.] 

Copy of y e Indictment ag* y e President of y 6 
Councill in ye Jerseys Referr'd to, in 
Brigadr Hunter's Lett 1 " of 30 th April 1716. 

Burlington 

The Jurors for our Sovereign Lord the King upon 
their Oaths do present That Lewis Morris of West 
Chester in the Province of New York Esq 1 ' one of his 
Ma'ties Council for the Province of New Jersey at the 
General Court of Quarter Sessions of the peace of our 
Sovereign Lord the King held for y e County of Bur- 
lington at Burlington afores? on the Fourteenth Day 
of December Last past in the Second Year of the Reign 
of our most Gracious Sovereign Lord George by the 
Grace of God King of Great Britain France and Ire- 
land Defender of the Faith &c Whereas Notwithstand 
ing an Act of Parliament made in the first Year of the 
Reign of our said Sovereign Lord the King Entituled 
an Act for making perpetual an Act of the Seventh 
and Eighth Years of the Reign of his late Ma'tie King 
William the Third Entituled an Act that the Solemn 
Affirmation and Declaration of the People called 
Quakers shall be Accepted Instead of An Oath in the 
Usual form and for Explaining and inforcing flit- said 
Act in relation to the paym' of Tithes and Church 
rates and for appointing the form of affirmation to be 
taken by the Said People Called Quakers Instead of 
the Oath of Abjuration &c and the afores' 1 Act of par- 
liamt being Extended to that part of his Ma'ties Do- 
minions (Jailed the Plantations Kxcluds Quakers or 



240 ADMINISTRATION OF (JOVERNOfl HUNTER. [1^'IH 

reputed Quakers from Serving on any Jurys. And a 
printed Coppy of the afores- 1 Act of Parliam- being 
produc'd from the Kingdom of Great Britain in his 
afores- 1 Ma'ties Supream Court of Iudicature Held at 
Burlington in the County of Burlington on the first 
Day of November in the Second Year of his s? Ma'ties 
Reign And by Order and Authority of the s' 1 Court 
then and there held by Jeremiah Bass Esq!" Clerk of 
the s (1 Court then and there openly read and published, 
The s' 1 Lewis Morris Acting as one of the said Maties 
Justices of the peace in the General Court of -Quarter 
Sessions aforesaid his Duty of Allegiance to our Said 
King Little regarding nor the Contemptious Violation 
of the afores? Law and Statute of the Kingdom of 
Great Britain any manner of way fearing Arbitrarily 
Advisedly Maliciously and of his own proper Malicious 
Intention and Imagination to draw the afores' 1 Act of 
Parliam- into Question and Contempt Did in a most 
Arbitrary Manner and procedure order the return of a 
Grand Jury of the People Called Quakers after the s ( ! 
Grand Jury had been Dismissed by the afores d Ma'ties 
Justices of the s (l Court in the Absence of him the said 
Lewis Morris. And further that the said Lewis Mor- 
ris then and there Did Command and Direct Charles 
Weston Clerk of the said Court to Qualifie the afore- 
said Grand Jury of the People Called Quakers by an 
affirmation contrary to the afores'- Act of parliam' in 
ih.it behalf made & provided against the Duty of his 
Allegiance to the Evil Example of others as also 
againsl the peace of our said Sovereign Lord the King 
his Crown and Dignity &c. A true Copy By me 
I Villa vera. James Thomson CM. 



1716] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 241 



Letter from Charles Dunster and .Joseph Ormston 
Proprietors, giving authority to James Alexander' 
to collect their Quit-Rents, &c. 

[From Copy in "Rutherfurd Collection," Vol. IV, p, 23. 

London . . . April I7l6 a 
M l James Alexander 

S r 

We the Under subscribing proprietors of the prov- 
ince of New Jersey having received a very good Char- 
acter of you, both with regard to your probity & hon- 
esty, as also of your vigilance and application have 
appointed you to be the receaver General & Collector 
of the Quit rents, and the Arrears that are due there- 
upon, and accordingly we do Inclosed Send our Com- 
mission with full power & Authority to act in that 
Station, as also an Order from his majesty Our Most 
Gracious King to the Governour to admit & Counte- 
nance you in the Execution of y c office. The Quit rent 
roll, we do presume will be delivered to you by M- 
John Barclay, whereby you will see the names of every 
Landholder, & the respective sums each is to pay for 
quit rent of the number of Acres posest, who must 
produce receipts to acquit them of Arrearages we pre- 
sume that the whole will amount to about 350 tls Ster- 
ling p 1 annum, which is equall, if not Superior to 500 tb 
p' annum, of the Countrey money 

We believe that the Strange distractions & divisions 
that prevailed under basses administration, & the four 
Last years of the proprietors have brought man) of 



1 Mr. Alexander had sailed for America in May, 1715.— Ed. 

2 From other documents, it is probable the original was not dated until late in 

May. -Ed. 

1G 



242 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 

the people into a belief that nothing is our due, because 
they have been disused to pay, but we desire you to 
spare none of them but Consult with the best in the 
Countrey upon proper methods to Compell them, and 
if there should happen that such a Corrupt Jury 
should be found, as Contrary to all Justice (which is 
as plain by the patents on our side as the Sun) to 
bring in a verdict against us, we desire you to Lodge 
an Appeall, and to send over all the necessary papers 
& Instructions for determining of it here. We hope 
you will not tread in the Corrupt paths and steps of y r 
predecessors, in this post, but in a faithfull honest dis- 
charge of the trust Committed to you, pursue those 
methods that will most tend to our Interest, to be dili- 
gent in recovering what money you Can of such as 
are both willing and able to pay, and please to remitt 
the same either in gold, or good bills of Exchange unto 
M r Edward Eichier of Aldermanbury, till our further 
Order. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple — 
enclosing two Quakers- speeches, relating to Mr. 
Coxe. 

! From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. II, D 26.] 

Letter from Brigad 1 * Hunter Govf of New Jersey 
&c to y c Sec r y with two of the Quakers 
Speeches at an Election in the Jerseys re- 
lating chiefly to M r Cox. 

To William Pople Esq r Sec 5 to y e R H y e L ds of Trade. 
Dr Sr. 

The two Papers or Preachments of the Quakers at 
the Late Election I think will pretty well Inform you 
of the true state of y e Case in the Jerseys, I send you 



1716] A.DMINTSTRATION OF GOVEKNOR HUNTER. 243 

the Very Originals If they are not ryme they arc 
reason I assure yon Adieu make your own use of them, 
and shew them to Your Board or any of the Lo apa as 
you think fit 

1 am Ever Yours 

Ho: Hunter 
May 1 L716 



The Case Stated Betwixt our present Governour 
and Daniell Coxe P r T: S [Tho's Sharpe?] A 
Well Wisher to All those whose Inclina- 
tions is to moderation 

The ( 'ase Stated Betwixt our Present Governour and 
Daniell Coxe Whereby People who are unprejudiced 
And not biassed may plainely Make A True Judge- 
ment which of the Twaine Intendeth the most Good 
to our Common Wealth. 

When he first Arived here with Commission from 
the Queen to be Governour of the Jerseys as well as 
y x of york he brought the Queens Instructions with 
him According to which (faire Demonstration giveth 
ass Assureance) he fully Intended to Act And there- 
upon Calls an Assembly In order thereto who Pre- 
paid many bils to be pastt into Lawes butt Finding 
( !oxe Sunman with Som others who were of y" Coun- 
cell att that time utterly to opose those preparations 
by Reason of which Little or no business for the Good 
of this Province Could be Gon on with they beeiug be- 
fore hand Preposestt with Resolutions not to do Any- 
thing for makeing the People Called Quakers Capable 
in Common with others to be Servicable to their Neigh- 
bors & Countrymen in the Goverment Beeing tinctured 
by the Precedentt Greatt Governour the Lord Corn 
bury who owed them no Good Will Whereupon out 
Governour whose Inclinations \Yass to doe the People 



244 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEENOB HUNTER. [1716 

all the Good he Could Gott these Obsticles Eemooved 
out of the way by the Faire & Just Representation of 
the Representative body of this province Correspond- 
antt to the Queens Desyres In the time of the Lord 
Lovelace and others putt in their places that hath been 
Instrumental! in Passing many Good And Wholsom 
Lawes Which Could by no means be Attained before, 
Whereupon the S' 1 Coxe Sett himself on work with all 
the vigor & Secrett undermings that he Could by Any 
meanes Contrive or Invent In order to Attaine his 
Malicious Ends which Fairly is Layde downe ass fol- 
io weth. 

Whereas Divers Artickles and Representations hath 
been Exhibited home Against our present Governour 
Colin 11 Hunter by Daniell Coxe Formerly one of his 
Councell Which haveing Prooved Ineffectual: And It 
being the nature of Reveng Never to be Idle untilly 1 
bent against be overcome — 

He hath in the First place Indeavoured to Poses the 
mindes of the Inhabitants of this Province For 
himself And Consequently against our present Gov- 
ernour: by makeing as many tools as he Could in 
the ffirst place And next to be Chosen himself as one 
of the Representatives of the Province to Sitt in Gen" 
Assembly where he might be Capable to Sway the restt 
to his own Revengfull Ends, In order to which he 
spared neither Time Labour nor mony: And beeing 
Well Aprised that it was to no purpose to Endeavour 
to Carry on or Attempt Any Such Design In the Coun- 
ty of Burlington wherein he Dwelt (beeing so well 
known there y* it putt him out of a Capacity to De- 
ceive) He therefore Streneously Driveth it forward in 
the County of Gloucester (And thereby Ocasioned 
Great Animosities In the minds of the People y' be- 
fore was Generally in Love And friendship one with 
Another) Where haveing Gained over A few persons 
With much Industry to his Syde they Like Servants 



1 ; Ui | ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 245 

to his Mallice And haveing Som Influence over Som: 
number of Sweedes & others y f Liveth on the Lower 
Syde of this County Who hardly Ever Concerned 
themselves in Such undertakings before Beeing Per- 
sons who for Want of Good Education And Conversa- 
tion Are nott so Ripe in their Judgments As to Rightly 
understand how to Avoyde the Intreagues of men y' 
Intendeth nott well to the Common Wealth Beeing 
Easyly taken with fayer Speeches & Gennerous words 
by which meanes he became Chosen. 

Togather with the hopes of theyer beeing Eased of 
taxes which they never have been burthened with by 
Any Large Revenue Raised for our Present Governour 
Butt being Inconsiderate Concerning the Expedition 
tax And trailing much into Areares upon that Account 
And Likewise y f allways Interfearing yeare by yeare 
with the taxes of Late for y e Supportt of Goverment 
hath made things heavy for Poor People but they nott 
( 'oncidering things A Rightt Are Willing to take hould 
of Any Handle to Ease themselves In their ownn Con- 
ceit. 

Allthougb at the Same time may Proove very much 
to their & our Prejudice And is In no wise owing to 
our Governour. 

Another Stratagem of this Designing Person the 
People Seemeth to be Taken With by his Insinuations 
of a Sepparate Governour which Thinking Persons can- 
not Suppose or Imagine Will Proove Much to our Ad- 
vantage bet y f which seemeth Worthy to Conduce to 
our Benefit Is to be Annextt to Pensilvania when it 
Shall So happen y* that Goverment Shall Fall under 
the Crown. 

And In the meane time to be Content In the Station 
we now are. For Ass much ass that our Governour 
Is Inclined to Moderation And to Assistt in whatt he 
Can For the Common Wealth of this Province. 

Lett us Lay aside the thoughts of Makeing Choyce 



<J-±G ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 

of Such man or men Ass by what hath been obsereved 
will utterly Disappoint uss (For our Representative 
And nott be so befooled to be made use of as tools to 
Distroy our Selves to Answare the Implacable Hatred 
of hottheaded men Which Notwithstanding all that 
may be Sayde by him or them I may Say to deceive 
Itt is Impossable to Allure the Well Inclined And In- 
spections over to Answare his Designing And Splenatick 
[purpose?] 



An Expostulation With my Friends Neigh- 
bors And others Concerned In this Weighty 
affair of Choosing Persons to Represent 
uss For Y e Common Good of this Province 
by A Well Wisher thereoff Tho: Sharpe 
And was Read in Publicque att the opening 
of our Election the 10 th of this Instant 12 th 
m° Called February: 1715. 

Haveing read of this Writt which Sheweth the Oc- 
casion of this dayes Convention I desyer And Earnest- 
ly Intreat A little further Attention to whatt I have to 
Say by way of Expostulation with my Neighbours 
and Country men upon this weighty & Important 
affaire we Are now Goeing upon 

Me thinks it is A greatt pitty y' we Should: with So 
Greatt heat be Divided in our Judgments Concerning 
a matter of So greatt Weight & Consequence on which 
Dependeth our Well being or otherwise our Greate Dis- 
advantage In the making of An 111 Choice Which I 
much feare Som Are Running upon through Prejudice 
& others lmplicittly by Insinuation and Fals Repre- 
sentation. 

I think itt is our Interest And would highly Conduce 



1716] ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOR HUNTER. 24? 

to our Advantage to avoyde the Choosing of Such Per- 
son or Persons who would Sacrifise the Common 
Wealth of their Country Either for Revenge or Profntt 
which I conceive Som of uss were Running into at our 
Lastt Election though his or their Pretences were Guild- 
ed over with A verry Specious Pretextt Crimminating 
our former Assembly And Promising the People 
Greatt Ease & Amendment of matters for the time to 
Com, butt there was nothing in itt I am bold to Say 
butt Revenge or Profftt as I have observed before To 
Strengthen which Assertion Lett the Preperations of 
the Person by us Choosen Att the Last meeting of 
members be butt Concidered And then I Presume y l 
none butt the Prejudiced Party butt must Confess itt 
is to true. 

Concidder I pray you y* We have a Governour y* 
Intends nothing but the Common Good of the People 
And to Serve uss in all things y* will Agree with his 
Instructions therefore It is A pitty Since itt hath 
Pleased God to favour uss with so Greatt An Advan- 
tage y* we Should Proove So ungratefull: for iff we 
had one y* was never So opposite to the Common 
Good he would finde A way to Obleige uss to Supportt 
y° Goverment how much more Should we be willing 
Concidering y e Premises. 

One thing more I Presume Is worth our notice that 
he is A man not upon the Extream In Regard to Re- 
ligion that is in Shewing An Aversion to Any Particu 
lar Society butt Carrying An Equall Countenance And 
Distributing a share of Goverment Indifferently unto 
all Especially where the marks of Christianity is ap- 
pearing Butt if otherwise he Shews A neglectt of fouour 
I think he is not to be blamed Especially to Such As 
hath been his minnisters to boath Invite And take In 
with his Adversary. 

Itt is Also worth your Sereous thought that Cheifly 
for Favouring your Peaceable neighbours The Quakers 



•>4S ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER, [1710 

who were the First that boath the Goverment and 
Soile of this ( lountry Did belong to And In all Reason 
and Justice ought to be favoured with as much Re- 
spect And Privilidg as maybe So Long as they Re- 
inavne Loyal] Subjects to y' Crown of Great Brittan 
in this one povnt y' Since we make A Religeous Scru- 
ple of takeing an oath that our affirmation with Som 
Lim nutation Shall pass Instead; which act was only 
to Correspond with our Late Queens Instructions: And 
>•' he Should make himself obnoxious to y° Spite and 
Revenge of a Person y 1 opposed it And because y' he 
w ass Discarded for opposing And acting Somthings y' 
were against the common Good hath made it his busi- 
ness to go up & down ths Co'ntry he & his Agents to 
Insinuate with the People Absolam Like Though in 
Greatt Secresy to the oversetting our present Gover 
nour which I desyer all butt more Especially our peo- 
ple to beware of Leastt He Should Proove If Ever it 
were brought to bare to be our Governour Which I 
much Question Like Rehoboam In Action as he was In 
threates. 

And now I think It may Reasonably be Concluded 
And Experience Will give uss Throughly to under- 
stand that we Shall never be better Served butt by 
Choosing men dwelling Among our Selves men of 
Good morralls Feareing God Who In the firstt place 
best understandeth how to Represent our Greivances 
^: I n the next place to be Instrumentall to putt for- 
ward & propose those things that maybe for our Good 
And therefore Laying asyde all Privat Controversyes 
In opposition to Each other Lett uss As one man Con- 
s-alt togather who of uss may best Represent uss and 
In So Doing we Shall doe our Selves Good And Dis- 
apoynt the Intreagues of Designing men. 

And now Least I Should Seem over tedeous Fearing 
what I say will not be well Relisht so when A man or 
men is Biggotted to an opinion though It may prove 



LT16] ADMINISTRATION OF GOYERNOK HUNTER. 249 

Ever So much to bis or theier prejudice it is pretty 
Difficult to be Remooved And So Shall conclude with 
part of a Parragraff out of a treatisy Called English 
Liberties Be not over fond to receive bribes & Gratifi- 
cations from Persons y l would fame make a prey of 
you & by their purses Lavish treates Cv Entertain- 
ments would allure you to prostitute your voyces for 
their Elections you may be Assured they would never 
bid So high for your Sufferages but y 1 they know 
where to make their markets Choose v worthy unwil- 
ling Person before y e complementall unworthy man 
whose Extraordinary forwardness Prognosticates he 
Seeketh nott your Good but his own Sepperate from 
thePublick Lett uss nott Have Fools or Knaves to neg- 
lect or betray the Common Intrest of our Country by 
a base Election Lett neither Feare Flattery nor gaine 
Biass uss Concidder with your Selves what Loos- 
ers you will be if to Laugh & be merry one day the 
Person you Choose Should (live you & your Children 
( Occasion to mourn Ever after. 



Governor Hunter's Speech to the Assembly of New 

Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. P. T.. New Jersey, Vol. II. (>. :-M. 

Brigade Hunter's Speech to the Assembly of 
New Jersey, referrVl to in his 1/ of June 
6: 1716 Ree rt 30*? July 1716. 

Gentlemen 

Whereas it is apparent and Evident that there is at 
present a Combination amongst Some of yo' members 
to Disappoint and Defeat Your Meeting as a h.>nse of 



250 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 

Representatives by their wilful absenting themselves 
from the Service of their Country In the General as- 
sembly of which they were Elected Members and more 
particularly from the Service of his most Sacred 
Majesty King George by Virtue of whose writts they 
were Summon'd and Elected to be an assestant to his 
Majestys Governour here in Such Matters as Should be 
required of them for that purpose and the Interest of 
the Country, I have Judged it absolutely necessary for 
that Service and to prevent Confusion and the very 
absolution of the Government in this province to re- 
quire you (there being as I am well Inform'd, one half 
yo' Number mett besides william Lawrence who is or 
was this Day present here but has Since the time he 
appeared withdrawn or absconded himself) forthwith 
to meet as a house of Representatives, and to take the 
usual Methods to oblige your fellow Members to pay 
their attendance. 

Given under my hand and Seale this 19 l * Day of 
May 1716. In the Second Yeare of his Majestys Reign. 

Ro: Hunter. 



Address from the Assembly of Neiv Jersey to Gov- 
ernor Hunter,— relating to the expelling of their 
Speaker. 

[From P. B. <>. r t. New Jersey, Vol. II. D. 36.1 

To His Excellency Robert Hunter Esq r Cap* 
Generaie & Governour in Cheife of the 
Provinces of New Jersey New York and 
Territories Depending thereon in America 
and Vice Admiral of the same &c. 

The Humble Address of the house of Repre- 



1716] A l>\[[ Nisri; A TION OF GOVERNOR Hl'STEIt. 251 

sentatives for the Province of New Jersey 
in Generall Assembly Conven'd 

May it please Your Excellency. 

Yonr Administration has beene a Continued Series 
of Justice, and Moderation, and from Your past Con- 
duct. Wee dare Assure our Selves of a Continuance of 
it, And wee will not be wanting in our Endeavours to 
make Suitable Returnes both in Providing a handsome 
Support for the Government, and of such a Continu- 
ance as may Demonstrate to you and the world the 
sense wee have of our Duty and your worth. 

The Gentleman, our late Speaker', has Added this 
One Instance of Folly to his past Demeanour, to Con- 
vince us, and the World, that in all Stations, Whether 
of a Councellor. a private Man or a Representative, his 
Study has beene to Disturb the quiett and Tranquility 
of this Province. And Act in Contempt of Laws and 
Government, Wee are sensible of the Effects it has 
had and may have on the publick peace; And our Ex- 
pulsion of him, wee hope Evinces wee are not the Par- 
tizans of his heat and Disaffection to the present 
Government, Wee are very Sorry he has beene Capa- 
ble to Influence soe many into a Combination with 
him, to make Effectual his 111 purposes, but wee hope 
it is rather the Effect of Weakness than Mallice. And 
that their Eyes are now soe much opened that they'll 
Returne to their Duty and Joyne with us in provide- 
ing for the Publick Creditt, and what ever else may 
make this Province happy, and your Excellency Easie. 

Signed by Order of the house 

Will Bradford CI 

New Jersey Perth Amboy 2:V" May 1716. 



1 Daniel Coxe Ed 



■.'•"••-' ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUXTEK. [l7l6 



Address from the Council and Assembly of New Jersey 
to the King — upon the Defeat of the Scotch Rebel- 
lion. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol II. D. 35.] 

To the Kings Most ExcellT Majesty. 

The Humble Address of the Councill and gen- 
erall Assembly of yo r Majestys Colony of 
New Jersey in America. 

Most Gracious Sovereign 

Had We Sooner mett together We had Sooner Ex- 
prest our Gratefull Sense of that Deliverance We (by 
your Majestys accession to the Throne) have had in 
Common with the rest of your Majestys Subjects from 
those Dangers which threatened the Distraction of 
our Civil and Religious Liberties. 

Time, as it has added to our Security by the Success 
of your Councills and Arms, So it has administred New 
Causes of Gratulation, in which we heartily Joyn with 
every true Lover of your Majesty and the British Con- 
stitution, and gives thanks to Almighty God for De- 
feating the Designes and Traiterous Attempts of those 
unnaturall Rebellious Wretches that have Drawn 
Downe the Divine Vengeance on themselves for Hy- 
pocrisie and Prevarication, who while und! the strict- 
est obligation of Repeated Oaths, throw off a regard to 
what in the Generall Sense of Mankind has always 
been esteemed Sacred and prostituted their Consciences 
to Conspire against your Majesty and the peace and 
happyness of their Country. 

Their foolish Hopes have been Blasted, and we are 
Safe in the enjoyment of those Blessings which Can 



1716] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR IHNTKK. 253 

only be Secur'd to us and our posterity by a protestant 
Succession in the Ulustrous house of Hannover. 

As that shall always have our prayers for its pros- 
perity and utmost assistance for its Defence, so we 
will not be wanting to Support and maintaine your 
Government here in as ample a Manner as the Circum- 
stances of our Country will admitt of haveing besides 
our Duty and Allegiance to your Majesty, so great 
Reason from the Just, Temperate and prudent Con- 
duct of your Governour of this Colony 

That God for the benefit of yo 1 - Majestys subjects 
would Lengthen your Days and Increase your Glories, 
are and Shall be the Sincere and fervent prayers < »f 
Most Gracious Soveraign 
Your Majestys Most Loyal and Dutifull Subjects. 

Several members of the Generall assembly being of 
the people Called Quakers, Doe heartily Concurr in the 
above written address as to the matter and Substance, 
but make Some Exceptions as to the Stile 

Perth Amboy May 25 th 1716 
John Hamilton Lewis Morris i Members of 

T. Byerly Thomas Gordon - his Majestys 

David Lyell John Anderson ) Councill 

Joseph Bonnet John Kinsey Speaker 

Tho? Hall Tho. Harmer [Farmar?] 

Danll Smith Char: Morgan 

Benja Clarke Isaac Sharp 

Matthew Champion W 1 " Lawrence 

Sam! 1 Smith Jacob Doughty 

John Harrison Josiah Ogden 



254 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Agent for New 
Yor-Jc in London.' 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. II, D. 32. | 

N. York, y e 29 th May L716 

S r 

This is to Catch a Ship under Saile So I can only 
Acquaint you that since writeing what goes by that 
Ship (the Larke) I have Yours with the papers In- 
closed, A Ship Goes by Next week by which I shall 
write fully 

Only, till I can do So, I beg you'll Inform the Lords 
of Trade, that Cox and his party as I foretold in my 
Last, have made a Shift to gett themselves Expell'd 
the Assembly and in the Addresses Of the House to y e 
King, (and one paper to me) To be distinguisht as 
Enemys to his Ma'tys Government and the Peace of 
the Countrey, But Our difficulty remains. For If he 
were guilty of Actual Treason, he'll be acquitted by 
Talbot's Church who alone in that County can be of y e 
petty Jury, And they have lately brought in One Not 
Guilty who Confess'd y e Crime In open Court. And 
Another So Contrary to positive and Unquestionable 
Evidence, I shall get rid of Talbot with My L" of Lon- 
dons good Leave, and then that Province will be quiet. 

The Comissary here is the humblest Clergy man 
And warmest Whig all of a Suddain, I'll keep him So 
if I can, I am to-day to meet the Assembly here, and 
to morrow to return to that In y' Jerseys which must 
(after passing a necessary Act or two) be adjourn'd 
during harvest and to give the Countrey time to choose 
others in the room of such as are Expell'd 

I hope you will not take it ill that I Imploy you in 
Jersey buss'nesse, for I am not without hopes of 

1 Ambrose Phillips. —Ed. 



K16] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 255 

having you at Least as well rewarded fo the trouble 
you shall take in that as in y° other 

There is a Poor Weake Gentleman Gooking L l Gov r 
of Pensilvania a going home Coxes Embassador Extra- 
ordinary, he has a paper Signed by Cox and y e other 
Malcontents, watch him I have not time to add one 
word more and I'm afraid you'll hardly be able to read 
this Adieu 

Yours heartily 

Ro: Hunter 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade, 
— about New Jersey Affairs. 

[From P. R. 0. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. II. D. 33.! 

L r from Brigadr Hunter Govr of New Jersey 
and New York. 

New York June 6 th 1716. 

My Lords. 

In my last I gave your Lord'ps an Account of y 
Distractions in the Jerseys and at the same time some 
faint hopes of a better Settlement, I was noe bad 
Prophett, For y e Conduct of M r Speaker Cox has 
opened the Eyes of y e whole Country, hee has now as 
I am well Inform'd fled the Province since his Expul- 
sion with many of his Crew at his back, and holds 
frequent Councills at Bristol in Pensilvania, Where 
the Sculking Disaffected few with the Reverend M r 
Talbott at their head Meet him, were their power 
Equal to their passion, their Meetings might prove 
dangerous, but the First is Dwindled, noe matter for 
the last 

The Imperfect Minutes of the Proceedings of that 
Assembly here Inclosed Marked (A) will Inform your 



256 ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1710 

Lord'pps of all y Steps in that matter, I have not time 
to send them by this Conveyance in form. 

Be pleas'd however to take this Succinct account of 
that matter. During a Short prorogation by me on 
Account of y e Sitting of the Supream Court, A very 
worthy Member Mr Sharpe 1 was Return'd for One of 
those places for which M r Cox had beene Chosen, hee 
haveing made his Election for y e other, Which did Cast 
the Ballance on the right Side, Soe Despaireing to 
Carry any point in the Assembly hee Absents himselfe 
and pers wades those over whom he had any Influence 
to doe the same, hopeing by these meanes to Dissolve 
the Assembly or at least to Stave off all Buisness for 
that time; The Members to the Number of Twelve 
being Mett, but unwilling to Act as a house without a 
Majority after several Adjournments Addressed me to 
take such Measures as I thought meet to Oblige the 
absent Members to Attend, upon which I sent Orders 
to severall who were at hand, under my hand and 
Seale by the Serjeant at Amies, which some of them 
thought fitt to Obey, When they found themselves a 
Number, which they Conceiv'd Sufficient to Act as a 
house. I think they were then Fifteene, They proceed- 
ed to a New Choice of a Speaker, Sent their Serjeant 
at Arms for their absent Members and at his Returne 
being by him Inform'd that none of them were to be 
found but that he was well Assured that most of them 
had fled into Pensilvania, They proceeded to the Ex- 



1 Thomas Sharp was the nephew of Anthony Sharp, a wealthy merchai 
Dublin, ami settled at Newton, Gloucester County, in 1681. He appears-to have 
had better opportunities for education than most of these with whom he was asso- 
ciated, which undoubtedly led to rapid advancement among tin m, and to his enter- 
ing upon the duties of several important positions in the Province, among them 
being that of a member of the Assembly in 1683; and as one of the Judges of 
Gloucester County in* 1700. His name, it is said, "will be oftener found among the 
records at Burlington, Trenton or Woodbury, than thai of any other man of those 
early times." The Gloucester County record Of deeds at Trenton contains an 
account, by him, of the first settlement at Newton. He died in 1729.— See Clement's 
sheieiies of I he First Settlers of Newton Township. [>. 23.— Ed. 



1716] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HrXTI'l', 257 

pulsion of all those their Members, Ordered Writts for 
the Election of others in their Rooms Addressed me as 
in the Paper Mark'd (B) And in Conjunction with the 
Councill Drew upp and Signed a Loyal and Dutifull 
Address to his Majesty a Copy of which is herewith 
Mark'd (C) The Originalls I have Committed to the Care 
of M r Champance Agent for New York, Of all which 
Proceedings Your Lordpps will be better Inform'd by 
y e Inclosed Minutes of Councill and Assembly, If I 
have gott Rid of Talbot, as I hope I have I doubt not 
that the rest will Returne upon their knees to their 
Duty, and that Province be as Easey and happy in a 
little time as this, 

The affaires of New York will not Require the Give- 
ing Your Lord'pps the trouble of a Separate Letter at 
this time, The Assembly mett Yesterday, and I spoke 
to them as in the Paper (D) and I assure Your Lord'pps I 
did them in that noe more than bare Justice, For Real 
Joy Appeares almost in every State for his Majesties 
Suceess over his and the Nations Enemies, I can 
promise my selfe nothing but what is Dutiful and faire 
In this Sessions, When it is older Your Lord'pps shall 
heare more. 

Since the Writeing of what is above the Assembly 
here in Conjunction with the Councill have Signed an 
humble Address to his Majesty, which I have trans- 
mitted to the Agent M r Champance and here Inclosed 
a Copy thereof, Most humbly Recommending my Selfe 
to Your Lordships Patronage I am with all Imagin- 
able honour My Lords 

Your Lordships most Obed' and most Humble Servant 

Ro: Hunter. 



17 



358 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple — 
about Mr. Coxe and others. 

IFrom P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. II, D 40.] 

L r from Brigad r Hunter to y e Sec rr relating to 
M r Cox & others of y° Assembly of New- 
Jersey. 

N York y e 8 June 1716 
D r S r 

Mine to the Board will Inform you that Cox and his 
pitifull Crew are defeated and Fled, he holds Councils 
In Pennlvania, at the Last it was Eesolv'd that He 
and Talbot should Go over, and apply to the house of 
Commons Since they can not prevaile with the King 
the Minis or the Lords ha ha ha. I doubt he will not 
Go after all but get in his Subscription money and 
remaine at Philadelphia where I hear he has taken a 
house. Do not forget me nor my Palatine Clames, 1 1 
now believe That I shall live to thank you. 
I am ever and Intirely Yours 

Ro: Hunter. 

The Indictment of y e Att y Gen" was forgot by negli- 
gence in y e Last, here you have it 

W Pople Esq 



An Indictment of M r Gordon Attorney Gen? of 
New Jersey rece'd [30 th July] wf Brigade 
Hunter's Lr. of S^ June 1716 to y c Secretary 

Burlington 

The Jurors for our Sovereign Lord the King upon 
their Oaths do Present That Thomas Gordon Esq'-' of 



1 Referring to the settlement of Palatines in New York —See N. Y. Col. Doets.— 
Ed. 



1716] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 259 

Mount Gordon in the County of Monmouth in the 
Province of New Jersey one of his Majesties Council 
and Kings Attorney General for the province of New 
Jersey at his Ma'ties Supream Court of Judicature held 
at Burlington in the County of Burlington afores" on 
Tuesday being the first day of November in the Second 
Year of the Reign of our most Gracious Sovereign 
Lord George by the Grace of God King of Great 
Britain France and Ireland Defend!" of y e Faith &c 
There being an Act of parliament made in the first 
Year of the Reign of our s? Sovereign Lord the King 
Entituled an Act for making perpetual an Act of the 
Seventh and Eighth Years of the Reign of his late 
Majestie King William the Third Intituled an Act that 
y c Solemn Affirmation & Declaration of the People 
Called Quakers shall be Accepted instead of an Oath in 
the Usual form And for Explaining and Enforcing y* 
s a Act in relation to the payni- of Tithes and Church 
rates and for appointing the Form of an Affirmation 
to be taken by the s'. 1 people called Quakers instead of 
the Oath of Abjuration &c A printed Coppy of the 
aforesaid Act of Parliament being then and there in 
the af ores- 1 Court produced from the Kingdom of Great 
Britain and by Order and Authority of the aforesaid 
Court and by Jeremy Bass Esq' Clerk of the afores" 
Court then and there was openly read and published, 
The said Thomas Gordon then and there personally 
being his duty and aiiegience towards our s" Lord the 
King little regarding nor y e Contemptuous Violation 
of the afores" Law and Statute of the Kingdom of 
Great Britain any manner of way fearing Advisedly 
maliciously and of his own proper Malicious Intention 
and Imagination to draw the aforesaid Act of par- 
liam* into Question and Contempt The false and Sedi- 
tious English words, falsly Maliciously and publickly 
Did Speak and promulgate in the presence and hearing 
of Divers of his Majesties Liege Subjects (that is to 



360 ADMIN Isti: \ tion OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 

say) that the printed Coppy of the aforesaid Act of 
parliament which he the s- 1 Thomas Gordon then In- 
stantly held in his hand and in a Scornfull and Con- 
temptuous manner east down upon the Table was a 
Ballard and it being then and there replied to him the 
s 1 Thomas Gordon by Jeremiah Bass Esq!" Clerk of the 
afores d Court that he was Sony that the Attorney 
General of the Jerseys should be heard to call an Act 
of King, Lords and Commons a Ballard, He the said 
Thomas Gordon did likewise then and there in like 
manner Say it was no better than a Ballard Against 
the Duty of his Allegience in Grievious Contempt and 
Defamation of the aforesaid Act of parliament, to the 
Evil Example of others as also against the peace of 
our s? Sovereign Lord the King his Crown and Dignity 
&c. 

Billa vera 
A true Copy by me James Thompson CI 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade- 
About Proceedings of Mr. Coxe. 

| From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. II, D 40.] 

Letter from Brigadier Hunter Gov 1 : of New 

Jersey. 

New York Oct r the 2 nd ITU'. 
My Lords 

This relates to the affairs of New Jersey which tall 
at present within a small compass 

After M' Cox with his Associates were expell'd the 
house of Representatives I had informations from 
many places that he, and his Emissaries were very 
busy in carrying papers privately round the Province 
for subscriptions upon which there was an order of 
the Governour and Council in Council directed to 



1716] A DMT NTTSTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 261 

severa] Sheriffs for apprehending him, and his accom- 
plices, and bringing them before the Governour and 
Counci] by a day prefixed, but he and they fled lh< i 
Province and is now with one Rustill [Bustall] a very 
mean wretch, but cheif instrument of M' Cox's, era- 
bark'd for England from Philadelphia, I know not bis 
errand nor the purport of the papers he carry s. neither 
can I guess at any ground of complaint he can have 
against me, unless it be that I suffer d him to run too 
far in his way to his own ruin: but shall most humbly 
submit it to your L 'ship's judgement, whither such 
persons as M' Cox, and M r Sonmans who have fled 
from justice (the former standing accus'd by the Coun- 
cil, and two several general Assemblys for disturbing 
the publick peace, and a combination against the Gov- 
ernment; the latter for baveing feloniously stolen 
away, and convey'd out of the Province the publick 
Records) should not in the first place be order'd, or 
sent back to answer these crimes of which they stand 
accused according to law before any Representations 
or Complaints be received from their hands; at the 
same time I am ready to answer to the strictest enquiry 
for all or any part of my administration: If calling the 
last Session of Assembly, to Amboy was an error, it 
was his Majesty's instructions with my new Patent 
that led me into it by the advice of the Council, and 
all who pretend to the law, which I own I was the 
readier to close with, because at that time, as I hope I 
have by what I formerly sent convine'd your I/ships, 
it was something more than hazardous to hold an 
Assembly at that place, I have now issued a Proclama- 
tion for the Assembly's meeting at Burlington, for 
since the removal of that Boutefeu the country i- 
quiet, and I believe I shall have a quiet and good ses 
sion there. 

The only Act passed hi the last Session, entituled an 
act to enforce the payment of publick taxes, I here- 



262 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 

with send you; M r Cox and all his associates haveing 
ever refused or declin'd to pay their taxes I beleivc 
there can be but few instances where any who are 
honoured by the name of his party have paid one 
farthing without being distrain'd, that Assembly is to 
meet in the beginning of November. I shall God will- 
ing attend them if I have then but tolerable health 

I have given orders to the Treasurer of the Jerseys 
to transmit forthwith the accounts of the Revenue 
there, if they doe not arrive here before this ship sails 
they shall goe by the next. 

Most humbly recommending my self to the continu- 
ation of your Lordships Patronage I am with all im- 
aginable honour My Lords 

Your Lordships most humble and most obedient servant 

Ro: Hunter. 



Letter from Samuel Busted! against Governor Hunter. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. II, D (3.] 

Lettter from Samuel Bustall to his wife 1 
London November y c 1 th 1716 

Dear Dear Gracey 

[Extract.] 

As to our Busness I cannot informe you much but 
we are asured of Success my Lord high Chanceler is 
Intirely on our side And So my Lord Townsend Sec- 
retary att State These things which we have Against 
Colli' Hunter are most Amaseing and he is my Lord 
Chanseller Declared if these things are proued against 
him unfitt to serve his Majesty in any post whatsoever 
Co'. 1 Coxes has a Uast Intrust with Lord Chanceller 
And what Co 1 - 1 Hunter has Said to the Contrary is most 



1 Transmitted to the Lord.3 of Trade by A. Philips, agent for New York, July 4th, 
1717.— Ed. 



1716] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 263 

Candellesly fauls my Lord Secretary w l . h 5. more of my 
Lords Chefe Officers being last night in Company with 
Docter Cox Co" Cox and his Brother Dam ( ! Hunter for 
Saying in his Speach that they war Treated \v ,h Con- 
tempt when it was So much the Reverse of that that 
my Lord paid him that respect and Distintion as Sur- 
j>rized them all that Saw it and promesed him hus Ut- 
most Service in the affare he came about is thought 
my Lord will much resent what Co 1 . 1 Hunter has Said 
upon that head Co 1 ? Cox will be next weak Intredused 
to my Lord Chancelor my Lord Townend and my Lord 
Nail sell who are the three prime Minestars of State 
and doth Every thing w th the prince Co 1 - 1 Cox has Grate 
friends And the Accommendations he has brought 
with him from pensaluaney and the New Jarsey Sign- 
ed by So many hands is wonderfully Seruesssable and 
Secures his Intrust with this Minestry who I beleive 
are as Just as any that ever was in Ingland The King 
is Gon for Holland and wont return till after Christ- 
mass but y s prince can do our Busness My Lord Sum- 
mers is dead And the Duke of Argile is out of every 
thing And by the King was Banished y c Cort So that 
Co" Hunter has not one friend att Cort And tis thought 
he will be ruined about the Pollentines Bills as Soon 
as he is out of his Gouerment thare two Gentlemen 
Laying in for the Gouerment Uiz Our Gen 1 . 1 Ward A nd 
one Bowls it is not known who will have it but our 
Busness is to get a Seperate Gouerment So that we 
Shall not trouble our Selues about New York neither 
do we Care who getts it my Dear I have So far Given 
you a Genarall Account of affars as far as has been 
proseaded in I have time only add that I have Injoyed 
my helth through Mercey parfectly well we have A fair 
prospect of accomplishing our Busness to be back by 
June next but we have to doe w th Grate men And all Grat 
Bodys moufes Slow But Good friends & Good Intrust 
And Money will Surmount Grate Difficultye In relation 



264 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 

to M r Sandmon he has Secured his Lands but he has Un- 
hapely fell in w ,h the Wrong Intrust to be of Service to 
us he depends much upon my Lord Clarendine who is 
nobody at Cort nor he neauer will be Capable of doing 
our Busness had he Staid here this Thousand Years As 
the present Intrust Stands I must Conclude for I have 
Trespassed on the time Allowed me I cannot wright to 
any bodey else You may Communicate Sum part of 
this Letter to whome you please of our friends And to 
who me in Generall I hartely Give my humble Service 
My Dear I am most Unolturable Your trewly Affec- 
tinate Husband 

Sam 1 ? Bust all 

in my next I hope I shall be Able to Give A full 
and Ample Account of our Busness I long to be with 
You farewell 

June 16, 1717 
I gave this Letter to M. T . Roberts to Shew it to my 
Ld Chancellour. When he returned it to me, he Said 
his Lordship has read it, Saying that All that related 
to him was pure Fiction, Oc without his Knowledge 

A Philips 



Letter from Governor Hunter. to the Lords of Trade 
— about leaving for Burlington to dissolve the 
Assembly in consequence of the small pox pre- 
vailing there. 

[From N. Y. Ool. Docts., Vol. V, p. 481.] 

To the Right Hon b | e the Lords Com r : s for Trade 

and Plantations 
My Lords 

[Extract.] 

* ■■ * :: I am Just upon my journey to the 
Jersey Assembly at Burlington. The Small Pox are 
raging in that place, and I am already addressed by 



1716] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 266 

many of the Council and Assembly to adjourn them 
for that reason to Amboy, I know not what to do, fori 
shall not have a Quorum of either at that place for 
the reason mentioned, and can not it seems adjourn 
them to the other because of that Act if the plague 
were there, and the country will be in confusion about 
their bill of credit the currency of which expires in a 
fortnights time unless remedied by an Act, the taxes 
which were to sink these bills not being as yet all payed 
by means of the evill influence & example of M r Cox 
and his party. I shall do my best in that as in every 
thing to convince your Lordships that I have no views 
but the publick good, that I maybe the better entituled 
to the honour of being My Lords 

Your Lordships most humbe and most faithful Servant 
New York Nov r 12 1716 Rob: Hunter 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple — 
enclosing a letter from Daniel Coxe. 1 

[From P. R. OB.T., New Jersey. Vol. n, D IS. 

s r 

Jeffers by whom I send my Letters is under Saile. 1 
have Just receiv'd from the Ch Justice at Burlington 
the Original of this Inclosed Copie which I beg you'll 
Shew to their Lods'ps, for Since M r Cox is gone to Lon- 
don there is Nothing will be left Undone there to 
blacken my Administration seeing he fail'd of weak- 
ening it here I am as Ever 

D' S r Intirely Yours 

Ro: Hunter 
N. York y e 16 Nov' 1716 



'The Lords of Trade sent copies of these two documents to Mr. Secretary Methuen 
that he might know "what indirect measures are taken to make His Majesties 
Governors uneasy in the Plantations."— Ed. 



266 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 

Letter from Daniel Cox to Mr Allison, enclosed 
in the foregoing. 

Philadelp 7 July 1716 
D r S r 

I received yesterday a Long Letter From M r Son- 
maus and another from M r Streat. They both de- 
clare that If we do not make a regular Complaint 
against Our Oppressor either this Summer or Fall and 
that with great Vigour we must be Content to Re- 
maine Sadled with him till the Province is ruin'd, 
they add that the remissnesse of the people in not 
Complaining regularly before King Etc: has given 
Credit C — H" 1 Friends declareins that every thing al- 
ledg'd against him is false and proceeds only from a 
pique of some few discontented persons: They both de- 
clare 'twill cost much more money to Solicit the Affaire 
now then 'twould if the affaire had not been Starv'd 
before besides nothing will go down as Evidence but 
what is viva voce or On good affidavits of the Fact. 
Certificates will do no good therefore the Copie of the 
Indictments of Morris Etc: must be well prov'd. I 
have wrote fully to M r Basse you must presse him to 
get all ready, he may do it privatly at home and come 
on this Side and be Safe, all you do must be kept very 
private, you must procure a Copie of My Recognizance 
before Jameson as likewise the Minutes of Council for 
my discharge You must likewise gett a Copie of the 
writt Thomson Serv'd on me by Order of Gordon and 
a Copie of the Recognizance enter'd into and Order of 
Court for my discharge I must likewise have out of 
the Secy's Office a Copie attested of the Information 
brought against me by Gordon these things will be of 
great Use to them how I have bean harass'd from time 

1 Col. Hunters. 



1716 J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 26? 

to time and for what. There should be An Affidavit 
of Gordons proceeding against M' Fox and ordering 
Processe against him tho' never presented by the 
Grand Jury. 

Whatever else is necessary let it be ready against 
tuesday or Wednesday next at Farthest when I intend 
god Willing to be at Bristol to finish all matters and 
take my Leave of my Friends for the Ship will Saile 
the week after M r Carle is in haste else I had writt by 
him to M r Bustill, desire him to gett all things ready 
I hope the Petition Etc: are Sign'd as likewise the Cer- 
tificates of Vestry Etc: we want to know what is be- 
come of Lockart, pray give us a line If you hear any 
thing. Give my Service to Emmanuel Smith and all 
y e rest of our Friends as If named and You'll oblige 
S 1 ' Your real Friend and Servant 

Dan Cox 

Ask M r Bustill if he has sent one of y° Certificates to 
Hunterdon if not somebody must go with it 

To Capt Rich a Allison at Burlington. 



Speech of Governor Hunter to the Assembly — and their 
Address to him. 

His Excellency's Speech 

To the General Assembly of the Province of 
New- Jersey, the 27 November 1716. 1 

Gentlemen; 

I Must refer you to what I said to you in the first 
Sessions of this Assembly and shall only mention what 
I think requires the first place or principal part in 
your present Deliberations, I mean, the Support of the 



1 The Assembly met at Crosswicks, in consequence of the prevalence of small-pox 
at Burlington.— Ed. 



268 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 

Government and the publick Credit. You all know, 
that the Fonds for the first are Expired Fifteen Months 
ago, and that the other has suffered much by the Ob- 
stinacy of some in refusing the payment of Taxes, or 
Remisness of others in collecting or putting the Laws 
in Execution which were sufficient if duly Executed, 
to have answered the End, and in great Measure to 
have prevented or Remedied that evil. I doubt not 
but you are now met with good Disposition, as well as 
full Freedom, all Clogs and Bars being Remov'd to 
pursue, to Effect, the good ends of your Meeting, and 
to make good your Engagements and Promises in the 
Several Addresses of your last Sessions. The true In- 
terest of the People and the Government are the same 
I mean, a Government of Laws, no other deserves the 
name, and are never Seperated or Seperable but in Im- 
agination, by Men of Craft, who are either Abettors of 
Lawless Power, on the one hand, or Confusion and 
Anarchy on the other. As I am well assured, as you 
also well know, That the first is not the case of this 
Province, so I have conceived Avell grounded hopes, 
That all Endeavours towards the latter are well-nigh 
censed. I can hardly guess at any one thing that can 
Enterpose to Defeat Your Purposes of making your- 
selves and those you Represent, Happy, and me Easy, 
as you have yourselves very well exprest it. 

Ro. Hunter. 



The Addresse of the Gen 11 Assembly of New 

Jersey to the Gov' at Amboy. 
May it I 'lease Your Ke' 

Your Administration has been a Continued Seriesof 
.lust ice and Moderation and from your past Conduct 
we dare assure our Selves of the Continuation of it 
and we will not be wanting In our Endeavours to make 



1716] AKMlxisTKA TION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 269 

Suitable returns both In provideing a handsome Sup- 
port of Government and of Such a Continuance as 
may demonstrate to you and the World the Sense we 
have of our duty and your worth. 
The Gentleman our Late Speaker has added this one 
bance of foly to Ins past demeanour to Convince us 
and the World that in all Stations whether as a Coun- 
celler a Private man or a Representative his study has 
been to disturb the Quiet and Tranquillity of this Prov- 
ince and Act in Contempt of Laws and Government. 
We are Sensible of the Effect it has had and may have 
on the Publick peace and our Expulsion of him wo 
hope Evinces thai we are not partisans of his heat and 
disaffection to tin 1 Present Government. We are Very 
Sory he has been Capable to Influence So many into a 
Combination with him to make Effectual his Evil pur- 
poses, but we hope it is rather the Effect of weaknesse 
then Malice and that their Eyes are now So much 
open'd they'll return to their duty and Joyn with us 
In provideing for the Publick Credit and whatever else 
may Make this Province happy and Your Ex" easy. 



William Pinhorne's Project for Raising Money by 
Paper Bills for th? Encouragement of Trade. 

LFrom a Contemporaneous Copy in the Possession of W. A. Whitehead. | 

A Project by William Pinhorne to Raise a Sum 
of Money by Paper Bills, for the encour- 
agement of Trade in the Province of New 
Jersey in 1716. 

S'r; Hearing that Som Gent 11 of the assembly had 
it under Consideration to Rayse a Sum of Money by 
paper Bills, for the Encouragement of Trade, and Ina- 
bling the Ynhabitants of the Province to Improv thir 
Estates, — as also an Ease of Taxes for the Necessary 
Support, of Goverment, and that they Disigned the 



*70 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1716 

Obtaining these Ends By the Giving out theer Bills, to 
the Inhabitants and Traders vpon Land Security, at 
the Interest, of live pr. ct., I, Humbly Conceive said 
designe would en no ways answer the End, and with 
all Humble Submission apprehend the Sam to be 
Lyable to many Objections, the greatest of which 
appeares the Vncertainty, or Indeed the vnlikelyhood 
that any Considerable Sum or for any Considerable 
Time Could be Disposed of on those Terms, People 
being rather Inclinable To Take vp vpon Common 
Securitys and so Repay againe at any Time theer Con- 
veniency allowed what moneys they Had Occasion of, 
although they gave a ffar Greater Interest; wherefore 
for their Greater Encouragiment to take off Such a 
vallue in Bills, and that the Country May Enjoy the 
Benefit of so Considerable a stock for a Longer Time 
— with all Obedient Submission Offer to their Con- 
sideration what thoughts hae Occurd to me thereon. 
In which if I am vnder a Mistake, Hope to obtain an 
Easy Pardon since the Desyre of Benefit to the Prov- 
ince was the Only Motive Lead me to Give you this 
Trouble. 

My thoughts are these, that if Paper Bills were 
made, to the vallue of Twenty Thousand Pounds — and 
Given Out vpon Good Land Security for Twenty yeares 
Gratis, without any Interest at all, and Instead of 
Paying ffve pr. ct. Interest, they should be Obliged to 
Repay annually the Twentieth part: of what they 
should so take vp, which for one Hundred Pound is 
five Pounds, in Twenty yeares they will have Repaid 
the Principall stock they Tooke vp. This seems to me 
an Incouragement that will Imadiately take off all the 
Bills, when Instead of Paying five pr. ct. Interest pr. 
annum and the Principall still Remaining a Heavy 
Burthen on ther Estates. By this Method, the Bare 
Paying of five pr. ct. pr. annum shall Discharge the 
very Principall, 

In the Next place please to Consider the Security of 



1716] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 271 

the fund to sinke these Bills at 20 yeare's End, for so 
long must be their Currantey, to be passt and Received 
in all Payment whatsoever, except, Only the five pr. 
ct. : or annuall Payment of the Twentyeth part: of 
what is so let Out, which must Not be paid in Bills 
but in Currant Silver Money of the Easterne Divesion, 
or Proclamation Money. Elce there will be no fund for 
the sinking thes Bills. Then be pleased & further 
Consider the advantage to the Goverment — and the 
Ease of Taxes when by the Hollowing Table it ap- 
peares, that Besydes the ifund to sinke the Bills, there 
well Remaine in the Hands of the Goverment, the sum 
of 14,659 pounds 1 shillings — which grow from the 
Interest of ye Money pd. annually in to the Hands of 
the Receivers— which being but 1000 pt. pr annum 
and in Silver Money, will Easily be let Out at the 
Common Interest for Every one that wants to take up 
money, will know where to be supplyed. And that 
"the fund May be more Certaineand Ready at the Expi- 
ration of the Bills, I have Computed the Interest, for 
Nineteen years Only, that so the Money my be Ready 
in the Receivers hands a yeare Before the Currency of 
the Bills Expire. 

And whosoever shall fayle in paying in the 20th 
parts — annually as a fore seid of such Bills as he Re- 
ceived, shall imediately fall vnder the same prosecu- 
tion and fTorfeiture, as if it were an absolute fay lure of 
the whole. Elce it will make a 1 >efitiency in the ffund. 

This I Hope will Render my Conception Plaine, and 
Practicable, and with all Humbly Humility Subscribe 
my selfe Sr. Yr. Obedient Humble Servt. 

Nov: 27 Ao. 1716 Wm. Pinhorne. 

A true Cop. per me 
T. Arents. 

A Table Demonstarting the Interest arising from 
the Annuall Payments of a Twentyeth part: of the 
Bills lett out: and from the Increasing Interest money, 



272 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



[1716 



all which is Still but a Simple and Single Interest for 
moneys Lett Out, and Can no ways be Construed as 
Interest vpon Interest. 

The first yrs. Interest will be Nothing. 

2d yre. the Interest of 1000£. at 8 pr. ct. is - 80 (JO 

3de yeare 100 

4th 240 

5 --------- 320 

(! --------- 400 

7 --------- 480 

8 - - - - 500 

y - - - - . - - - - 040 

10 - - - - - - - - - 720 ^ 

11 - 800 

12 --------- 880 

13 --------- 960 

14 - 1040 

15 1120 

10 -------- - 1200 

17 -------- - 1280 

18 -------- - 1360 

19 -------- - 1440 

The Growing Interest of ye Int. Mom £13080 

is as folw's 979 4 

The 1st & Sec : is Noth : 

The 3d yrs. Int'st of 80£ is - 8 £14069 4 

4th 12 10 

5 ----- 19 4 

6 - - - - - 25 12 

7 ----- 32 

8 ----- 38 8 

9 - - - - - 44 10 

10 ----- 51 4 

11 57 12 
12 04 

13 70 8 

14 - - - - - 76 16 

15 ----- 83 4 

10 89 12 

17 96 

18 ----- 102 8 
19 108 10 

£979 4 



171?] A-DMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR III NTKK. 273 

If ye Interest were Computed to the End ye 20th 
yeare, the Time of ye Expiration of the Currency of 
the Bills- it will a mount to the Sum of K;2!i4!'. Ss. 
Which will be a New fund vpou which Bills may be 
made and Given Out to the Vse of the Government So 
ih.il by giving Out 20000 pds. Bills Gratis to the In- 
habitants for 20 yeares, in the former Method there 
appears a fund for 36294 pounds Eight Shillings. The 
Benifit to the Province and Improvement of Trade, is 
So Obvious that it is Needles to Say anything on thai 
head, and it will also be a Great Means of Bringing 
Monevs into the Province. 



Letter from ( lover nor Hunter to I he Lords of Trade 
—about New Jersey affairs. 

(From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. II. I), 15. 

To the Right Honob les the Lords of Trade 

X York y e 13 feb 171? 
My Lords 

Being but just arriv'd from the Jerseys and finding 
the Ship Xew York Capt n Clarke Commander ready to 
sail for London I cannot send your Lordships so very 
particular accounts of the affairs of that Province as 
yon may expect and I shall transmit by the next opor 
tunity. 

We have had a very happy Session of Assembly 
there. At the opening of that Session which was held 
at Chesterfield' near Burlington (where the small pox 
raged at that time) I spoke to them as in the paper, (A i 
and soon after that was address'dby that Assembly as in 
the paper, (B) they have made good their engagements 



1 Smith, in bin History of Xew Jersey, p. 108, say* the session was held at Cross 
wicks 

IS 



274 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HFNTER. [1717 

in that and their former address as your I/ships may 
be inform'd by the list of acts past in that Session 
mark'd, (C) the acts themselves I shall transmitt so soon 
as they can be engrossed, with the necessary observa- 
tions upon them, amongst these your L/'ships will 
observe one act for repealing a former act fixing the 
Session to Burlington which I earnestly beg may be 
immediately recommended to His Majesty for his 
approbation, I have said enough as to the reasons for 
that repeal, and shall only add now that it was the 
hand of Providence which prevented y 1 ' Session at that 
time at Burlington, M r Talbot has thought fit to give 
some faint light towards the discovery of a most hell- 
ish contrivance, which as he says he in some measure 
defeated, he says in one of his letters to the Gentle- 
man to whom he instrusted the secet, that he'll doe 
what he can salva Conscientia in that discovery, I 
have given him leave to come to me for that purpose, 
or if he thinks fit to write and sign the Narrative, and 
transmitt it to me, I expect the one, or the other every 
day, if he grows squeamish the Gentleman to whom 
he has discovered it will take his Oath as to the truth 
of the information he has given. Talbot seems very 
penitent, I know not how sincere he may be, I guessd 
that there was something more than ordinary in the 
sudden flight of the party, and the great endeavours 
and sollicitations of almost all of them for pardon, and 
forgiveness, which I have granted to all who have 
submitted, and have ask'd it, and can now assure your 
L/'ships that the Jerseys which about a year agoe was 
the most tumultuous, is at present one of the most 
quiet and best satisfyed of his Majestys Provinces. 

That mark'd (D) is the Copy of a letter of M' ( iox's 
to his freind Allison who is since dead, I know nothing 
as yet of the papers, subscriptions, and Certificates he 
mentions there, but am prornis'd a copy of them from 
a Gentleman of Philadelphia, who is ashamed and 



1717] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 575 

greiv'd at his haveing joind with them; he says that 
even while he was link'd to them he was ashamed 
of the trifling articles of accusation, and except two, 
none of them could bear the appearance of a just com- 
plaint, the first of there [them?] is that I robbd one 
Wetherhill of an Indian deed, the paper markd (E) 
will inform your L d ships how just a complaint that is, 
if persuadeing a man to make amends for an act of 
Villany, by restoreing a deed which was not only 
basely obtaind of a single Indian, whom he had made 
drunk (contrary to law which requires every man to 
have a Lycence for such purchase before it is made) at 
y e earnest desire of the Speaker and many of the Prin- 
cipal members of y l Assembly to prevent confusion, 
and the danger of a rupture with these Indians, 
instead of punishing him for what he had done, if this 
I say be just ground of complaint from the person and 
party concernd, I must own that I understand nothing 
of my duty, or business, I am sure the whole country 
applauded what was done in that matter as a very 
necessary, and considerable peice of justice and service. 

The other material Article as that Gentleman con 
ceives is the cutting of wood upon a man's land with- 
out his leave, it was sometime before I could make 
any guesse at the meaning of that, but at last I think 
M' Secretary Clark has hit upon it, which be pleased to 
take under his own hand in the paper markd (F) as 
for my part I never saw the man 'till within this 
twelvemonth, neither does he say that he ever apply \1 
to me if he was aggreiv'd, but to cut crooked sticks in 
a country of wood, for a publick, and immediately 
necessary service, the whole value of which is in the 
cutting, is a sort of a crime that can serve for no other 
use but to make it apparent t hat the Plaintiffs have 
nothing to complain of. 

If I had any prospect of being able to make use of 
this letter of Lycence which His Royal Highness has 



276 \ DMiNivn; \ thin of GOVERNOB iii'NTKi;. [1717 

been graciously pleasd to grant me, I would not have 
given your Lordships this trouble at this time, but 
haveing fixd my meeting with our five Indian nations 
to the middle of May next, and there being an abso- 
lute necessity of holding an Assembly in the Jerseys 
in the fall, to perfect what is so happily begun, I can- 
not leave this country without detriment to His 
Majesty's service this year at least, whatever my pri- 
vate affairs may suffer by my stay, for I shall never 
put them in competition with that, and if I be not 
much mistaken I shall in that time put these Govern- 
ments upon such a foot, that any body may govern 
who has but honesty, 'though but indifferent capacity. 

There is nothing material in this Province to give 
your L/'ships the trouble of a separate letter, I only 
take the liberty to send you the enclosed account of 
the encreased Navigation and trade here in my time, I 
have not as yet obtained a compleat list of the num- 
bers of the people, but am in hopes of being able to 
transmit that of both Provinces very speedily. 

I am with all due honor 

My Lords Your Lo sls most Humble 

And Most Faithfull Serv' 
Ro: Hunter. 



Documents Relating to an attempt to defraud 
some Indians of their land — referred to in 
foregoing letters. 

The Affirmation in'. John Wills taken before John 
Uoberdes one of his Ma'ties Justices of y u peace for the 
( oimty of Burlington .January y 21 s ! 1 7 1 6-7 And also 
before Isaac De Cow and Samuel ffurnis two Justices 
of the peace of the Same County the Day and year 
above Said. 



L717J administration of governor hunter. ".'I! 

Mehemickwon the Indian King who was Commonly 
by the English Called King Charles made his Com- 
plaint to me Several times That John Wetherill had a 
design to Cheat him of Some of his Land at a place 
Called Coerping: I asked him w^ way that could be, 
he Answered that he had made him Drunk and when 
So had made a writing and got him Set his hand to it 
And this is what he Affirmed at all times when we 
Discoursed on that Subject And further he told me 
that y" Said John Wetherill offered to give him more 
Drink next morning? the Indian Said he asked the said 
Wetherill for what he would give him Drink, the said 
Wetherill Answered do you not know for w' do you 
not Remember you Sold me the Land last Night, no 
said the Indian I knew nothing of it. for I was So 
Drunk last Night, that I knew nothing, not So much 
as where I was. And if you have done Any Such thing 
by me when I was in that Condition as to get my 
hand to A writing, you have Cheated me. And I will 
have none of yo r drink nor you Shall never have the 
Land, And for that time they parted, And Soon after 
y 1 Indian Came to my house, very uneasy he was, 
And gave me this Account, And Still from time to 
time as he met w th me, Seemingly with great Indigna- 
tion he would treat on that Subject, till in process of 
time he heard the Governour would be at Burlington 
And hoping the Governo- would redress his Grieveance 
in the Case, was quiet till that came to pass and when 
y e Governo 1 .' was come to Burlington And the Assem- 
bly was Sitting he came to my house and told me that 
John Wetherill was about to Build a house upon the 
Land he had fraudulently taken from him the thoughts 
of w c . h (said he) Burns like Affire in my Breast so that 
I cannot rest day nor night, nor eat my Victuals. 
Come Brother said he to me you know that Henris is 
gone and John Woolton is Dead I have none left but 
von to Assist me, All my old friends & Brothers who 



278 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [171? 

were the first Settlers here and understood our Lan- 
guage are gone but you: Wherefore (Says he) come 
Brother you must go w"' me to Burlington to the Gov- 
ernor for I am resolved to Complain to him of y e 
abuse 1 rece'd from John WetheriU Do not Deny me. 
I told him that I was otherwaies Engaged and could 
not go myself But I would write to Peter tfretwell & 
Joshua Humphris (who likewise were his Brothers) 
And Desire them to go w 11 ' him to y e Governour he 
Alleadged that they had not y p Indian Language I told 
him they might get an Interpreter and So wrote to 
them, and got myself Excused for y' time But when 
he came to Town and Delivered the Letter to them the 
Business of y e Assembly (they being members) took up 
their time so that they could not Attend on him but 
Treated him well w th Victuals and Drink and Sent him 
home again, ordering him to come again abo- a week 
or ten Days after and be Sure to bring me along w tb 
him. Accordingly he came again to my house and told 
me they Said I must come to Town w th him, So w tb 
him I went and when come there I got Peter tfretwell 
and Joshua Humphris together and we Sent for John 
WetheriU hoping that we might Reconcile the matter 
w th out troubling y e Governor but our Endeavours in 
that respect were all in vain for nothing would Sntis 
tie the Indian but Destroying the paper the s.' Weth- 
eriU had So basely got his hand to but the said Weth- 
eriU notwithstanding we laid before him the injustice 
of his proceeding, and y e Danger he would not only 
bring himself into But that it might be y e occasion of 
A war in the Country if he persisted, yet he obstinately 
refused to Deliver the said Writing to the Indian and 
So we parted for that time and in y Evening when 
the House broke up we got y e Assistance of Several of 
the Assembly men and particulary John Kay who was 
the Speaker of the House Also Samuel ffurniss and 
Tho s WetheriU (Brother to the Said John WetheriU) 



171?] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 279 

was w'. h us and we Sent for y c s. d John Wetherill again 
hoping that amongst we might p r swade him to make 
y e Indians Easy, for by this time the was Several In- 
dians come to See and hear how y r matter would End, 
his Bror Tho? Wetherill offered that if he would De- 
liver up the paper to the Indian that he would let him 
have So much land in Another place and all the Rest 
that were present gave their JudgmV that his proceed- 
ings both in obtaining & refusing to Deliver the pap r 
to y e Indian was both unjust and of Evil Consequence 
not only to himself in particular but also to y e Coun- 
try in General But he Still Continued in his obstinacy 
and would not Condescend at all Not w,h standing all that 
could reasonably be offered to him So we parted w th 
him the Second time And then we Desired y e Speaker 
to lay the matter before the Governor And to request of 
him that y e Indians might have A hearing before him 
in the Case w c . h the Governo- was pleased to Grant and 
appointed the Next morning at Nine A Clock; Accord- 
ingly Sam 1 Furnis Thomas Wetherill and I, went 
Along w'\ the Indians to y e Governo 1 ' And when we 
Came there the Indian King laid his Case before the 
Governo" I (being Interpreter) Rehearsing the matter as 
above Si 1 how that fraudulently & unjustly John 
Wetherill had obtained his hand to Deed for a parcel 
of land out of ye Tract he had reserved for the Indians 
to live upon out of w ch he never Intended to Sell any 
having Sold all the rest to the English and Said if that 
be taken from us where must y e Indians go Signifying 
that he had Lived Amongst y e English ever Since 
they came into the Country and that they had lived 
lovingly and like Brothers together And that a little 
Land would Serve the Indians And that there was 
Enough in the Country for both And therefore has [he] 
was not willing to be put upon Seeking a habitation 
Among Strangers; When the Governo" understood the 
Matter he urged it very mildly w'." the Said Wetherill 



".'SO A DMIXIS'J KATIOX OF <;<>\ EKXOI! BUNTER. |lil! 

Setting before him the Mischief's and Dangers that 
might Attend Such a proceedure And how that Such 
a Trifling matter as that was might Cost many peo- 
ple their Lives as well as the Charges of a War and 
persuade him (w*) 1 very Inducing Expressions) to make 
the Indians Easie telling him that he Should have A 
Lyceiice for Nothing to purchase Land Anywhere else 
in the Country and his Bro- Tho? Wetherill told him 
he would furnish him w fl ' A Right to the Same Quan- 
tity of Land to be taken up in any other part Of the 
( Vmntry then John Wetherill Urged that the Land in 
Dispute was purchased of the Indians by y e Commis- 
sioners at their first Arival in this Province In An- 
swere whereunto I Signifyed to y e Governo r that the 
Relation would be tedious but if he was willing to 
hear it I was able to Clear up that matter And prove 
to his Satisfaction that That Land was not purchased 
(I being an Eye and Ear witness to that matter being 
in the Country w 1 . 1 ' the very first that came to Settle 
at Burlington where that matter was Debated) and So 
1 Did, Then the Governo- well understanding that 
That Land was not purchased formerly he Endeavour- 
ed w"' all fair means Still to Convince him of his Error 
in the Case. Said. M' Wetherill take the Indians And 
M- Wills home w tu you and go and make y L Indians 
Easy and let me hear no more of this Complaint and I 
Shall be Satisfied, But when I had Informed the In- 
dians w' the Governor said they reply Yl and Said they 
would not go from the fireside till they Se that pap r 
Destroyed; The Indian also affirmed that he never 
rece'd Any thing from s d Wetherill Either in all or in 
part of payment for the Said Land But the s:' Wether- 
ill Said the Indian owed him money, but when he was 
asked for w l it was mostly if not all for Treating of 
him at Several times which is Common here for the 
English to Treat y° Indians And not to make them 
Debtors for it At length the Governo? perceiving that 



1 M 1 J A DMIMST.KATION or <;o\ KKNOK I! I N'I'HR. 281 

fair means had no Effect upon him he told him unless 
he would by Some moans make the Indian Easy he 
would order the Attorney General to prosecute him 
for making a Disturbance among the Indians, And 
also for that he Contrary to Law had purchased Land 
of the Indians without Lycence Unless he would De- 
liver up that paper to the Indians, other than w' h would 
not SatishV thom: When he perceived the Governo* 
was In Earnest w rh him he fell and Condescended to 
go home and fetch the paper And notwithstanding he 
might have performed that matter in half an hour yet 
(as I have great reason to believe) was prevented by 
Some was Enemies to the Governm! and Embrac'd 
every thing out of w':' 1 they Conceited they Could form 
Something (whether true or false) that might Cast an 
Odium upon it or the Governo 1 ') So it was that he came 
not again in three or four hours In the meanwhile the 
Governo! Signifyed to y Indians that they might go 
and Come again Another time But they Reply'd they 
was by no means willing to go till they Saw that 
paper Destroyed, So when the Said Wetherill was 
come and had brough- y' pap 1 he Delivered it to the In 
dianthe Governo^'and Some of his Council being p'esent 
the Indian having got it forthw"' tore it to pieces And 
threw it into the fire all but A Small Scrap that fell 
upon the floor Another Indian perceiving of it Step'd 
and pick'd it up and threw it into y" fire also Shewing 
thereby their Great Aversion to it Andthen the Indian 
King gave the Governor his hearty thanks for Doing 
him that Great Act of Justice And after y Governo- 
had treated them well w th Victuals and Drink they 

went away very well Satisfied. 

John Wills 



Examinations taken before John Roberdes and 
Isaac De Cow Esq r two of his Majesties Justices of the 



282 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [171? 

Peace for the County of Burlington the twenty Second 
Day of January In the Third Yeare of his Majesties 
Reigne Anno Dni 1716. [1716-17] 

Thomas Wetherill aged forty two years and Sam- 
uell ffurniss Agedfifty Seaven Yeares Being Quakes De- 
clars upon their Solemn Affirmation that Abought 
february 1713, there being a Complaint made unto 
Robert Hunter Esq'. Captain and Governour in Chief 
of the Province of New Jersey By an Indian King- 
Called King Charles Against John Wetherill of the 
County Aforesaid the he had a Designe to Cheat Him 
of Sum of his Land At a Place Called Coerping Say- 
ing that he had made him Druuck And had Got a 
Wrighting made and Got him to Sett his hand to it 
And we being present when the Indian King was be- 
fore the Governour with the Said John Wetherill and 
Hearing them Debate the matter A Great While and 
the Governour understanding it He Argued it very 
Mildly With the Said Wetherill Setting before him the 
Mischiefs and Dangers that might Attend Such pro 
cedure and Telling him that he Should Have A Licence 
for Nothing To purchase As much Land any where 
Else In the Country and also Said Mi' Wetherill take 
the Indian and M- Wells home With You and Goe and 
make the Indian Easey and Let me Hear no more of 
this Complaint and I Shall be Satisfied, but when John 
Wills had Informed the Indians what the Governour 
Said the Indian King Replied Said thay Would not 
Go: frcm the fire Side till they See that paper De- 
stroyed the Indian also Affirmed that he Never Re- 
ceived anything from Said Wetherill In pay for the Said 
Land And after Som time John Wetherill Went home 
to fetch the paper and further the Said Thomas Weth- 
erill Saith Not But the Said Samuell ffurnis further Pro- 
ceds and Saith when the Said Wetherill Returned with 
the paper He Delivered it to the Indian In the Presence 



1717J ■ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. '<!83 

of the Governour and Some of his Councill and the In- 
dian tore it to Peiees and threw it into the fire and 
went away Very Well Satisfyed. 

Thomas Wetherill 
Sam l . l ffurnis 

Taken Before us John Roberds and Isaac Decow two 
of his Majesties Justices of the peace for the County of 
Burlington the day and yeare aforesaid 

John Roberds 
Isaac Decow. 



John Kay Came before me one of the Kings Justices 
of peace for the County of Burlington and upon his 
Solemn affirmation Declared to the truth of the under- 
written to best of his knowledge Rememberance act 

Jacob Dough i s 

These may Certifye that in or aboute the month of 
ffebruary in the Yeare of our Lord One thousand 
Seven Hundred and thirteen John Wills Came to Bur- 
lington and a Indian King Called by the English King 
Charles and other Indians with him the Said Indian 
King with the rest of the Indians made Great Com- 
plaint against John Weitherill John Wills being Inter- 
piter for Said Indians, John Wills Peter Fretwell and 
my Selfe with Severall others Sent for John Weithrill 
and heard the Indians Complainte against him which 
was that Said John Weitherill had Come to Said 
Indian King, and treated him with Sider and made 
him Drimck. and that he Came againe to him the next 
morning and would have Given him more Sider and 
tould him he Sould him Some Land the night before 
being land which Said Indian King and other Indians 
lived on and had Sett his hand to a Deed or writeing 



284 ADMINISTKATION* OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1711 

for Sale of Said Land the Said Indian King Declared 
he remembered nothing of Selling any land to Said 
John Weitherill or Setting his hand to any paper and 
further Said he had allways Refused to Sell that Said 
Land and had reserved it for him Selfe and the In- 
dians to live upon and that the Indians had a right in 
it and would never Suffer him to Sell it he had also 
promised them that he would not Sell it and that he 
loved to live neare John Wills and other Englishmen 
which he Called his Brethren and could not goe out to 
Settle from them and that if John Weitherill had Got 
him to Sign any paper it was by Defraud and Cheat- 
ing him and that he Could neither eate Drink nor rest 
with quiet untill that writeing or paper was Destroyed 
we used what Endeavours we could with John Weith- 
erill to perswade him to Deliver the writeing to the 
Indian King and make him and the rest of Indians 
Easey telling him how unjust an action it was and the 
Dangerous Consequence that might thereby happen but 
could not prevaile with him to give any Sattisf action, 
I then being Speaker of the Assembly of the province 
of New Jersey John Wills Desired me to give our Gov- 
erno 1 an accompt of it which I did that Evening and 
Desired his Assistance with John Weitherill and he 
told me he would Send for John Weitherill the next 
Day to Enquire into the matter I tould John Wills of 
the matter and he said he would goe up to the Gover- 
nour with the Indians the next day for they would not 
goe Home untill the paper was Destroyed the next Day 
I was at Diner with our Governour who was pleased 
to tell me that John Wills and the Indian King with 
other Indians had been with him and that he Sent tor 
John Weitherall and advised him to Deliver up the 
paper to the Indian King and make them Easey which 
he was not very willing To do, the Governour Signi- 
fyed to him the Evill and Danger of hurt that might 
hapen for want there of and of the Damage to him 



1717] U'MTMSTRATTOX OF (ioVHKXOH HUN.TEJR. 285 

Selfe by being prosecuted for Such unwarrantable act- 
ing he then fetched the paper or Deed of Saile and liiin 
Selfe Delivered it to the Indian King in the Presence 
of the Govern' and others, the Indian King tore it into 
little peices and burnt it and this is a true accompt of 
of what I know of the Matter- to best of my memory 
as witness my hand this 25 th of January 1716: [1716-17] 

John Kay 



Certificate relating to some Timber taken from y e 
Land of One Hartshorn for building Boats for y e 
Canada Expedition in 1711. referr'd to in foregoing- 
letter. 

These are to Certify That in the Year 1711. a Certain 
Number of Batteaus being ordered to be Built for the 
Service of the then Intended Expedition against Cana- 
da, which Admitting of no Delay the Carpenters were 
directed to go to Sandy hook or thereabouts to Cut 
Crooked Stick or Timbers for the Batteaus, which the 
Did accordingly; That afterwards A Demand was 
made by or in the Name of one Hartshorn (the re- 
puted proprietor of the Land from whence they were 
('iiii of a Greater Sum of money for those Sticks or 
Timbers than was Judged Reasonable. But so much 
was offered him for them as was thought an ample 
Satisfaction, which being refused to be taken he has 
hitherto Remained without Payment for the Same: 
And I am of Opinion that had there been time to Speak 
beforehand to Any person, for the like quantity of 
Crooked Sticks or Timbers If anything had been de- 
manded for a matter of So little Value it might have 
been got for less money Than was afterwards offered 
to Hartshorn for his— 

Geo: Clakke 

New York februarv y e <>"' 1716 11716-171 



286 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1717 



Memorial to the Lords of Trade from Thomas Coram 
— relating to the Production of Hemp and Iron in 
the Provinces. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. Plantations General. No. "VII, K. 83.] 

Thomas Coram upon Hemp & Iron from the 
Plantations 

March 1716-7 

Right Hon rble 

Pursuant to your Lordships Commands I p r sent you 
my weake Thoughts relateing to Hemp & Iron to be 
procured in New England And His Maj ,ies other Plan 
tations, for the Service of This Kingdome. 

What I think is Wanting to make the bounty already 
Granted a Suficient encouragement for Supplying 
Hemp from Thence And what will be a Sufficient 
encouragement for procureing good Iron from Thence 

The bounty of Six pounds I' Ton Settled by Parlia- 
ment for Such good Hemp as shall be Imported from 
Thence L humbly conceive to be enough for the Crowne 
to give But as that bounty is all given to the Importer 
and nothing to the Planters or Raisers, These looke 
upon that Bounty as no benilit to them to raise it 
Makes the Act for encourageing the Importing Naval 
Stores not to have the Desired effect as to Hemp 

Therefore let each & every person liaue for all good 
Merchantable Hemp he or the} -hall raise The Same 
Bounty of Six pounds l >r ! "Yin paid him or them by the 
Province where the Same Shall be raised 

And for further encouragement of [ndustry tor the 
planting & raiseing Bemp in the Plantations lei each 
person who apply 8 himself well or thai i- well imployd 
to raise the Same be (for his sodoeing) Exempted from 



1717] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 287 

being imprest to Serue as a Soldier in any ffort. Garri- 
son or otherwise than in the Mallitia whilst there are 
others in The Same Township who not been so well 
imployed in Raising Hemp 

This would haue better effect for raiseing Hemp 
than all the bounty that is giuen. And would be no 
maner of desservice to His Maj' 1L or Inconveniance to 
any Plantation. 

A Ton of the best Hemp in Yarne will weigh (after 
it is Tar'd and prest as it ought to be) about Twenty- 
four Hundred and some times not so much 

A Ton of Dryer Hungry Hemp will take up nere one 
Hundred weight of Tar more altho prest as well but 
the rope makers for sake of gaine doe very often press 
their Yarne but very Slightly in the Taring of it by 
which a Ton of Yarne will after being Tar'd weigh aboue 
Twenty Six Hundred To the prejudice of the Coardage 
as well as a great abuse- to tiie buyers 

AS TO IRON 

There is plenty of Iron Oare in New England and 
several Iron Workes There from whence a good Sup- 
ply may be had but the iron hitherto made there is 
Generally bad which I conceive is for Want of Skilful] 
Workemen and good encouragement 

1 haue experienced good Iron can be made there 
haueing had very good purpose!} Mad*' for the Worke 
of a Ship built there in the Yeare L698 which Iron 
worke was extraordinary good The Chaine plates in 
perticular I saw remaineing upon that Ship in the 
Yeare 171 1 

For The encouragement of Makeing good Iron in the 
Plantations & Importing it into This Kingdome 

Let a bounty of 4<> s P Ton to the Maker of all Iron 
equall in goodness to the best Sweds Iron be paid by 
the province where The Same Shall be made. And 20 s 
P Ton to the Next Sort Not altogether so good to be 



288 \ DMINISTRATION OF (iOVEIIN'OU HUNTBB. [171? 

also paid by the province where made but no bounty 
To the third" sort or for bad Iron 

That each Sort of Iron be distinctly Marked where 
Made with the Kings Marke and that of the Province 
upon every Bar by an Assay Master or proper person 
to try the Iron by His Maj tits Appointment 

And that it may be fellony for any to Counterfeit or 
misapply the Kings Marke upon any Iron 

And that it may not be Trespass to dig or take Iron 
Oar in Any Lands lying Wast or not within fence And 
llif Same exemptions from Impressing to all those 
im ployed in Makeing Iron as is proposed for Those 
who shall be constantly employd in raiseing Hemp 

That for all Iron of the best Sort marked as afore 
said which shall be Imported into This Kingdome Such 
bounty be given to the Importer as His Maj tie & His 
Parliament shall think fitt to encourage the Same 

There may upon easy encouragement be very good 
Copper had from New England 

This is what is most Humbly Oft'erd to This Right 
Hon ,ble Board by 

Your Lordships Most obedient Serv' 

Thomas Coram 

To the Bight Hon 11 The Lords Commissioners For 
Trade & Plantations 

March 171; 



Extract from Minutes of the Council of West Jersey 
Proprietors, March, L716-17 appointing James 
Alexander Surveyor General. 

|From Papers of James Alexander, Surveyor General, In Rutherfurd Collection. | 

Whereas for two years past No Surveyor General! 
lias been appointed by this board but the persons the 
last named have been hitherto continued. It is now 
Resolved that James Allexander be the Surveyor Gen- 



1717] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 289 

erall of the Western Division of this Province during 
his good behaviour in the discharge of which office he 
is to observe the following regulations 

The said Office shall be held and kept in the Town 
of Burlington by him the said James Allexander or in 
his absence by a sufficient Deputy for whom lie shall 
be answerable but such Deputy shall first be approved 
by this board. 

All warrants shall be lodged in the said Office and 
there entred and the Surveyor Generall shall direct his 
order for operating the same to some one of his Depu- 
ties from whom he is to recieve such Deputies return 
and the same has been duely examined and Corrected 
if need be the said Surveyor Generall or his Deputy in 
the said Office shall make out another return signed 
under his or his said Deputies hand to be made to this 
Board for their approbation after which the same shall 
be recorded or entered at large in the said Office. 

The said Surveyor Generall or any of his Deputies 
by his appointment shall not Survey any lands within 
the Western Division without a Warrant from this 
board authorizing him so to do. 

The said Surveyor Generall shall according to a 
former minute of Agreement made with Coll. Morris 
endeavour to Collect and shall lodge in the said Office 
at Burlington all Books and entras of Surveys (the 
Records of the Secretary's Office excepted) Warrants 
Draughts Maps and papers whatsoever which concern 
the Proprietors or Purchasers of Lands within this Di- 
vision and there safely keep them for the service of 
the Publick and Shall not at any time remove such 
books entries Warrants Draughts or papers out of the 
said Office or out of the Town of Burlington for any 
longer time than the space of twenty days and then 
only where it shall be absolutely necessary for vouch- 
ing any Survey contested at any of the County 
( 'ourts. 
19 



290 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1717 

The said Surveyor Generall shall not as Surveyor of 
the Eastern Division of this Province (in case any 
lands should be contested between the Proprietors of 
the two Divisions) presume to Survey for those of the 
Eastern Division any lands whatsoever that have been 
regularly Surveyed before our Proprietary rights of 
this Western Division. 

And it is further ordered that all the Surveys not yet 
made on Warr ts already Granted shall be brought into 
the said Office and returned from thence to this board 
pursuant to the foregoing articles. 

A true Copy p-me. 

John Wills Cleric: 



Letter front George WilJocks to Governor Hunter — 
about Rev. Mr. Talbot. 

| From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. II, in V 75.] 

May it please your Excellency 

I perceive m r Talbot is Scrupulous to discover the 
names of those that were concerned in the wicked de- 
sign, which made me desirous he should stay that I 
might have a little time here with him either to make 
a further discovery to me, or to prevail with him to doe 
it to your Excels when he waits on you, which I am 
hopefull to effect, and shall accordingly inform your 
Excellency; I earnestly wish he might give such a light 
that some other person could be brought in for an In- 
former, and he for an Evidence. 

niv Wife gives her humble duty to your Excell^? as 
doth 

S l Your ExcellT faithfull & oblig'd humble Servant 

Geo: Willocks 
True Copie 

Ro: Hunter 
Amboy April 3 d 1717 



]',\'i\ ADMINISTRATION OF liOVKRN'ni; 111 KTER. '-"•' 1 



Letter from Rev. John To/hot to Governor Hunter. 

(From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey. Vol. II, D. 62.] 

Amboy April 3? 1717 
May it please //'' E.r" 

I had the favour of yo' Ex" Letter this Morning w '' 
I might have answered sooner if I had it but I could 
not come sooner unless I had left all the Churches des- 
titute from Philiadf to this place, I can [trove to yo 1 ' 
Ex cy what ever I have said, or what ever is said of me 
that I have done no harm in your Province but have 
prevented a great Deal that would have bin done by 
others had I consented to it I am for peace w" 1 all men 
especially Gov" & peticularly to yo 1 Ex cy I hope al- 
ways to approve myself a dutiful Subject There is no 
Minister for next Sunday so my Good ffriend M 1 Wil- 
likes &' have prevailed w" 1 me to Stay till Monday 
Then God willing nothing shall hinder me from wait- 
ing upon your Ex y at New York I have no other busi- 
ness & nothing could have Called me so far from my 
Church this Lent But to make it appear that I am 
Yo v most humble & dutifull Servant 

John Talbot 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade— 
iritlt Acts of New Jersey Assembly. 

[From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey. Vol. II. D .".-». | 

New Jersey. 

N York y" 8 April! 1717 
My Lords 

Haveing nothing material to trouble your L'ships 
with in the affairs of New York at this time, this 
letter relates chiefly if not solely to these of New Jersey. 



292 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [171? 

I herewith send your L rt ships the Minutes of Assem- 
bly, and all the ingross'd acts pass'd last Session, there 
haveing been some mistakes in the Copying of the 
minutes of the Council I cannot send them by this 
conveyance, the Acts are 

1 An iVct for repealing an Act intituled an Act for 
ascertaining the place of the sitting of the Assembly — 
That act which by this is repeal'd haveing been 
obtain'd and carryed through that Assembly by the 
most notorious tricks that ever were put in practice, 
being unequal and unjust in its self, a clog upon the 
administration here, and the pretended grounds on 
which it was founded intirely remov'd by the increase 
of the people and building at Amboy, I thought fit 
according to your L'ships advice to have it repeal'd by 
a law here. 

2 An Act for the support of Government for three 
Years &c: 

3 An Act for the currency of Bills of Credit. 

4 An Act for laying an Excise on all strong Liquors 
retailed &c: 

5 An Act for the more regular chooseing Collectors 
and Assessors &c: 

6 An Act for the better laying, out regulateing and 
preserving Public roads. 

7 An Act for the better inforceing an Ordinance for 
the farther Establishment of fees and ferryages. 

8 An Act for explaining an Act entituled an Act for 
eimabling the Owners of the Meadows adjoyning to 
Burlington to stop out the Tide. 

These I think want no observations upon them 

9 An Act to infore the payment of 340 ounces .Jd:- 
weight of plate due from the Inhabitants of Burling- 
ton county, being their part of the 5000 lb: tax for the 
year 1714. 

M r Hewlings one of the expelld Members of this 
Assembly, and M Cox's cheif Minister being Assessor 



1717] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 293 

for that county chose to incurr the penalty in the 
former Act rather than doe his duty in Assessing, in 
order to put a stop to the payment of taxes as far as 
in him lay which created the necessity of this Act. 

1<» An Act for vesting the lands late the estate of 
William Hall esqr in Trustees to he sold for the pay 
ment of his debts. 

This act was pass'd upon the application, and con- 
sent of the widow and children of the deceas'd. 

11 An Act to enable John & Sicha Pettinger to sell 
the estate late of Richard Pettinger for payment of 
debts. 

This was also pass'd on the same grounds. 

12 An Act to Naturalize Jacob Arents and his three 
Children. 

13 An Act to prevent unreasonable burning of the 
woods. 

1 4 An Act to repeal part of an act entitled an Act to 
prevent the waste of Timber &c: 

15 An Act for repealing a Law entituled an Act for 
laying a duty on Wheat exported out of the Eastern 
division of New Jersey. 

16 An Act to enable some persons in each County to 
inspect the Rolls of all the Assessments in said Coun- 
ty s. &c: 

All which are most humbly submitted to your 
L d ships consideration and recommendation to His 
Majesty 

In the mean time that Province enjoys more perfect 
tranquility than it has hitherto ever known, and I can 
hardly believe it would be in M' Cox's power to raise 
any new disturbance, his very accomplices being 
ashamd, and sick of him. 

I have sent to M r Philips some papers relateing to 
that Gentlemans conduct, and his complaints; and 
shall only observe once more to your L'ships, that if 
such as he, Mullford, and Son mans all notorious 



294 ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOR II I VTKH. fl'K 

criminals fled from Justice, meet with countenance or 

incouragement on thai side We may indeed be made 

easier by their absence, but yom L d ships will have 

more trouble than it is reasonable you should undergoe. 

M 1 Talbot mentioned in my last is come to Amboyin 

order to come to York, I expect him every day 1 have 

sent a Copy of his letter, and the other Gentlemans to 

M r Philips. M' Talbot it seems is unwilling to be an 

informer 'tho he will not decline being an Evidence if 

need be. when I know more of that matter I shall 

more fully inform your L d ships. in the meantime I am 

with all imaginable honour 

My Lords 

Your Ld sps Most Humble And Most Obed 1 Servant 

Ro: Hunter. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple— 
with minutes of the New Jersey Council. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. II, D. 15.] 

N. York y e 3 d May 1717 
D' S v 

By this poor Conveyance I send the Minutes of Coun- 
cil of y e Jerseys w dl were omitted by the Last please to 
lay them before their Lo sps . 

I have heard Nothing of Cox or his buss nesse, but 
must Still Insist upon'tthat If three Notorious Crimi- 
nals Cox Sonmans and Mulford all tied from Justice 
shall he any means meet with Countenance and In- 
couragement untill they have Surrender'd themselves 
to tryal for what they stand Accus'd, the order of 
things In y" Plantations is Inverted and Government 
or Grovernours of no further use. In hott Countreys 
we have many hott heads, and Every man who is not 
Employ'd or Gratify 'd In his own way is a Crumbier 



1717] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 29o 

and hopes Some advantage from a Change, So thai 
Subscriptions for maintaining plaintiffs in Engld are 
Easily obtain'd but not Easily pay'd as Some I believe 
have found to their Cost. I have wrote to M 1 Philips 
What Talbot Confess'd to me which he'll Communi- 
cate to you. 

If it were never so necessary I can not Get home 
Now, our Station Ship having thought fitt to proceed 
directly for Eng 1 ' 1 from Jamaica as we are Inform'd, 
So now we have no Guard Ship and Two pyrates ac- 
tually plying on our Coast 

I beg my clame in parlia't may be pusht and take its 
chance, I know nothing I could do that may not be 
done by my friends. If these who sent me on that 
Earand abandon me it is In vain to look for redresse 
if they stand by me I can not faile. Whatever be 
comes of me or that I am unalterably 

Yours 

Ro: Hunter 

A good Ship goes Next week by which I shall write 
more amply to M' Banmptield. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple- 
relating to Daniel Coxe and New Jersey affairs. 

I From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V, p. 482.] 

To W m Popple Esq 1- , &c. 

Sir 

The Ship which was to carry the Packets having 
sprung a leake and return'd, this other by which this 
comes is sent off in such haste, that I have not time 
to add more, than to desire you'l Inform their Lord- 
ships, that the Assembly in this place is now sitting in 
very good disposition for the Publick intrest, My jour- 



<J96 \ l>\II MS] KATION nr HOVERXOR Hl'NTKlf. [ 1?I ? 

ney to the Frontiers may give them some small inter- 
ruption, the Endians being on their March thither to 
meet me. 

I have had no letters since those which brought me 
niv licence, which I cannot make use of, least the Jer- 
seys should run again into confusion. M r Cox has writ 
Over to M Trent of Philadelphia, and others his friends 
that that Province is certainly to be put under a sep- 
arate Government. And I doubt not but he has as- 
sured his accomplices that he is to be the Governor, 
now all the use he can propose to make of this is to 
keep up the confusion he has raised and since his de- 
parture was well nigh laid, for a wretch one Hunt who 
has basely murder d the High Sherif of Salem County 
(where Cox's chief tools live) being examined by M r 
Lyal one of the Council, confessed and seemed Peni- 
tent for the Barbarous murder but said withall that 
one inducement to his wickedness was, that he was 
made to believe that Col: Cox was on return Governor 
of the Province, and that he was secure, having been 
prompted to what he did by suggestions, that the 
Sherrif, Col: Sharpe the Judge of the County and 
Justice Wyatt had the chief hand in laying on the 
Taxes, Thus are these poor creatures deluded and mis- 
led, what I have to desire is not that it may not be 
made a separate Government but if the King does not 
think fit that it should as I believe nobody besides that 
vile party does, that some speedy method should be 
taken to undeceive the people who if never so well 
disposed will waver and turn doubtful upon these re- 



A letter from their Lordships to that purpose will 
effectually do the business. I must still insist upon 
what I have so often writ, that if these Criminals Cox, 
Soi 11 nans, Mulford and Huddy who have fled from 
Justice are not discouraged, or ordered back to take 
their tryals their numbers will increase, the adminis- 



1717] A UMIN [STKATION OF GOVERNOR HUXTEK, 291 

tration here indanger'd, and the Ministry at home mo- 
lested from time to time with false and groundless 
clamours Pray instruct M' Bainneld & Philips in the 
best manner you can to apply in this matter, as you 
shall think most convenient, for that party like a 
greater of the same time at home subsists by lyes lam 
without reserve 

Sir Four most obliged humble Servant 
New York May L3, 1717. Ro: Hunter. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple— 
relating to Disorders in New Jersey. 

IFrom P. H. O. B. T.. New .Jersey, Vol. II. D 56.] 

X York y' :24 th May 1717 
D' Sir 

I have Just rec d yours by the way of Boston w th the 
Copie of that Complaint of M' Coxes to his Ma'ty, 1 
am this minute going on board for y Jerseys to com- 
municate it to His Ma'tys Council there. And I believe 
the Council the Assembly and all the freeholders of y l 
Province, a very few Excepted, even Some of these 
who's hands are Sett to that petition will give it the 
lye in Every Particular, Some of these having Solemnly 
declar'd that they never Sett their hands to any paper 
reflecting on me but only to one desireing a Separate 
Governm' 

So Soon as I receive it by Order I Shall answer it in 
Form, though what I have already transmitted and 
herewith Send to you may be Judg'd Sufficient to 
Expose the falsity and Malice of that Paper, there be 
no possibility of answering to Gen" Articles, and these 
Affid ta or Affitmations relate to all that is particular 



298 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1717 

I can not See any use M' Cox can propose to make 
< >f that paper unlesse it be to keep up the Seditious 
1 miner and disposition In the minds of these unwary 
men whom he has seduc'd and try to procure a Sub- 
sistence to himself on that Side by their Subscriptions 
as Sonmans did for a Long time till his Subscribers 
Smoak't him and left him in the Lurch, for his Con- 
science must tell him that the Articles are all false and 
Groundlesse and can not fail of being made appear to 
be so upon hearing 

The Inclosed Affidavit of M r Willcocks with the Copie 
of M r Talbots Letter to me will show the Lords what 
Spirit the Faction is of 

I wrote to you In my Last that M' Talbot was un- 
willing to be Informer, but own'd to me the whole 
Contain'd In Willocks Affid' w h some aggravations but 
desir'd to be Excus'd nameing names or persons 'till 
there was a necessity for it to which I answer d that I 
Should not then Insist upon that but If M r Cox or his 
Party (which was at present Quiet Most of them 
having Submitted and ask'd pardon) gave me any 
fresh trouble he must resolve to answer upon oath to 
Such Interrogatorys as should be put to him to which 
he answer'd that he was moraly assur'd that I never 
would hear more of them, Now I am about to Git his 
detection and Infirmat'n upon oath which I Shall 
transmit when it is done, but he living at a distance 
and I being under a Necessity of meeting our Indians 
Immediatly at Albany it will go over Later then I 
could wish 

I beg you'll also put their Lo aps in mind that M r Cox 
& his party w cl ' were dignify 'd by and proud of the 
Name of y e L d Cornburys party did in y e first place all 
they could to render the administration of y e L rt Love- 
lace Uneasy, and had Sent home 19 articles of Com- 
plaint ags' him (a Copie of w dl I had from their agent 
M' Dockwra upon my being appointed G-ov r of y' 



Kill ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. ".".I'.l 

Province) before he had been So many weeks In his 
Gov 1 That Upon my arriveal they Serv'd me in the 
Same .Manor, that I Submitted their whole Conduct to 
Her Late Ma'ty and her Ministers, that Upon full and 
I think frequently repeated hearings both at y' Board 
of Trade & Privy Council her Ma'ty was advis'd to 
dismisse M r Cox and his associates from her Councils 
as disturbers of y Public peace which she was pleas'd 
to do accordingly That (If I be not Mistaken) every 
Assembly In y' Province have address'd against him as 
Such to which 1 referr all having been transmitted to 
Y p h u of Trade from time to time That Instead of 49 
I undertake to Send if requisite 4000 voluntary Sub- 
scriptions to a testimonial that Shall Confirm his Just 
clame to y' Character That if there be not Some 
Method found or follow'd to discourage his Clamours 
at home faction & Confusion must be reviv here 
again where all is Quiet. To Confirm my assertion 
One Hunt who barbarously Murdered the High Sheriff e 
of Glocester In his bed and is at this Instant on his 
tryal Confess' 1 to M' Lyal one of y e Council upon Ex- 
amina" that, hearing that Co" Cox was arrived in 
Virginia w' y e Com" of Gov 1 prompted him to that bar- 
barous fact being assurd that in that case he would 
Escape with Impunity, That Sheriffe M' Justice Sharp 
and Wyatt who were also mark' 1 for destruction) hav- 
ing had (as he Said) the Chiefe hand in Laying of 
Taxes on y e people. After his Tryal I Shall Send a 
more Ample account of this Mattel-. That the few 
Subscribers of his Lybel are either Notorious delin- 
quents or Ignorant and Obscure men who have been 
Impos'd upon, as one of them by Name Clements was 
in y e Subscription of another Paper of a very danger- 
ous Nature presented to y e Last Assembly he Came 
Voluntarily and gave his oath that Rchd Ball another 
of these Subscribers first made him and the Comp'y 
drunk and then presented a paper which lie told him 



300 ADMINISTRATION OF GOV KRXOR EtfNTJBfi. [ 1 7 1 T 

and them was Only a Copie of the Poll of y l Election 
and that they had Signed it only as Such, though the 
true contents of y e paper was a Menace to the Assem- 
bly to forbid them to make any Laws for laying on of 
Taxes 

This Bristol Ship goes off this Evening I have Stopt 
her only for y e Letter which being writt In Such hurry 
I'm asham'd to desire it to be lay'd as it is before their 
Los ps but Such as it is I believe it will be Necessary 
they Sie it as also y* M r Bamfield and M r Philips 
have either Copies of it or y l it be communicated to 
them. 

Now I dare not use the Licence, for I know not but 
that Province may run into Confusion upon my 
departure, being then under y e administration of y e 
Eldest Councelor Independent of this Government, 
the factious are fed w r Lyes and false rumours which 
when they think themselves uncomeatable will push 
them perhaps on Extremity dangerous to themselves 
and the Government, but if I could leave them w h 
Safety to y e Publick I have at present No means of 
Transport Nor Can I propose to have any till the Sta- 
tion Ship receives Orders for her return Considering 
the train of Motherlesse Infants w ch I must not leave 
behind me. 

You have been ever a Generous and warm friend to 
me, w ch procures you all that Trouble I hope to 
acknowledge it Some time or Other In a better maner 

I hope my Clame In parlia 1 has not been putt off 
upon ace' of my Absence I can not See that my pres- 
ence is So absolutely Necessary in So plain a case, 
whatever betide me depend upon my being Intirely 
Yours Ro: Hunter 



L717] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 301 

[Deposition of George Willocks, relating to the 
conversations had with the Rev. John Tal- 
bot, — enclosed in foregoing letter. ] 

Province of New Jersey. 

George Willocks of Perth- Amboy in the County of 
Middlesex And Province aforesaid aged fifty Six years 
Maketh Oath that Some time in the month of Septem- 
ber last he the Deponent being in private Conversation 
\v th y e Rev d Mr John Talbot Missionary from the So- 
ciety for the propagation of the Gospel in Forreign 
parts for the Church of Burlington w Ul whom for divers 
years before he had an Intimate Conversation but In- 
terrupted as the Deponent believed by Mr Talbots weak- 
ness in being drawn aside by M r Cox Mr Bass and 
divers other p'sons in Burlington to State himself a 
forward person to oppose the Administration of the 
Govern m' under y c p r sent Governo r Brigadier This 
Dep^ did then Endeavo r to make y e s tl M r Talbot Sensi- 
ble l 8t of being out of y e duty of his office as Minister 
to widen, but to reconcile breaches 2 1 " 1 of Ingratitude, 
that j" Governo! had always treated him w lh ye Great- 
est Esteem he could Expect 3". a of Injustice that it was 
not in y e power of Brigadier Hunter's Enemies Justly 
to Tax his Administration as Governo!: or his morrals 
as a Gent., after having Conversed several times on 
this Subject he told the dep'that he was Sorry there 
had Such misunderstandings happened and that he 
had fallen under y e Governo" displeasure & wished y 
breach between them Could be made up, he for y fu- 
ture would take care never to Concern himself in mat- 
ters of Government, in that or any other province 
The Dep^ Said he believed y v Governour to be of y! 
temper upon the Acknowledgment of y e faults his 
greatest Enemies they could not be readyer to ask than 
he to forgive, He desired this Dep 1 to Endeavo r A re- 



302 ADMINISTRATION OF GO VERNOE HUNTER. [1711 

conciliation the Dep' Answered he pretended to no 
Interest w th y e Governo- but was Acquainted w* h divers 
Gent that had y c bono', of Conversing w 1 !' his Excel- 
lency and that by some of them he would do w! be 
could, and doubted not (unless be had put it already 
out of y e Govern™ power) upon Acknowledging of the 
truth of being misled, and better Conduct in time 
Coming he might be Easy as he could wish under his 
Govern m l 

I had A Letter from him dated the 1 '> lh of October 
last wherein he did Express his Sorrow for y 1 ' misun- 
derstanding between his Excellency And him that he 
had really an hon- for y c Governo'' that he was for in 
Church and State and y l we all ought wisely to Con- 
sider (as Livy says) what has an ill begining will have 
an ill end. 

About y L middle of January y l Dep ts occasions call- 
ing him again to Philadelphia being then in Discourse 
thereupon y c Same Subject w tu M- Talbot the Dep 1 re- 
flected upon his past Conduct in being Ensnared by 
Unjust Men to oppose any transactions in y° Gov- 
ernm- he reply'd to y' Dep' that y e Goverm* (meaning 
that of New Jersey) lay under an Obligation to him 
if he had prevented the Destruction of houses and a 
great deal of trouble & mischief that would otherise 
have happened. 

Upon my return from pensilvania I waited upon his 
Excell y Brigadier hunter in West Jersey the Assembly 
being then Sitting And Did then Acquaint the Gover- 
no- w* h what I had as above from M r Talbots Mouth 

In the Month of April M' Talbot was Some Nights 
at the Dep 1 . 8 House in Perth- Amboy, in bis passing to 
and Coming from New York, And then he told the 
Dep 1 That at the time of Election of representatives at 
Burlington there was a Man Came to him And said 
they would pull down the Quakers — Meeting bouse & 
Dwelling Houses or Burn them, from which Resolu- 



I'. I I | A UMI NISTKATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 303 

(ion he Diswaded them And if not prevented by lii^ 
Advice it had been put in Execution And probably 
Ended in the Destruction of y e town, further that an 
old Fool (as he called him ) Advised with him at another 
time and asked him if they should not break all the 
Quakers Glass windows for not putting out of Lights; 
And Lastly that there was an Agreement Amongst 
them if he had been Imprisoned to have pulled down 
the Goal bit by bit which he told them he would pre- 
vent by Leaving y e province wherein my memory has 
failed in Expressing y° matter of y e above deposition 
in y c Exact words it w T as Expressed I have not deviate 
from the true sence and meaning Witness my hand at 
Perth Amboy in New Jersey this 21 Day of May 1717 

Geo: Willocks. 



George Willocks appeared in open Court and made 
Oath on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God that y 1 ' 
Contents of y e within & above written is true and fur- 
ther Saith not 

Ad: Hude 
Thomas Gordon John Field 

Moses Ralph 
Tho* Pike 



Address of the House of Representatives of New Jer- 
sey to Governor Hunter, May, 1717. 

The Humble Address of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Province of New-Jersey. 

May it please your Excellency; 

The Speediness and Unanimity of our Resolves, in 
which there was not one Dissenting Vote, we hope, 
will induce your Excellency to believe. That this House 



304 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. . [1717 

is fully designed to make good all they have given 
your Excellency just reason to expect from them in 
their former Addresses. And we beg leave further to 
assure your Excellency, That no Clogs or Obstructions 
laid in our way by Crafty or Designing Men shall ever 
have power to Obstruct our united Endeavers to make 
your Excellency easy, by providing an honourable 
Support for the Government, according to the Abilities 
of our Country, paying of the Arrearages due, and 
supporting of the publick Credit, and the People we 
Represent happy, by providing such Laws as may be 
for their Advantage, and as much as in us lies, put- 
ting an end to those UnChristian Divisions that have 
almost Ruin'd this unhappy Province. May the God 
of Peace so bless the Endeavours of your Excellency, 
the Gentlemen of his Majesties Council and this House 
that this General Assembly may to future Genera- 
tions have the Character of Establishing that Love 
and Peace in this Province which too many have en- 
deavoured to hinder and too few to promote. 

Several Members of the General Assembly being of 
the people called Quakers do heartily concur in the 
above-written Address, as to the matter and Substance 
but make some Exception as to the Stile. 

HIS excellency's answer, 

I thank you for your Address; and as I believe it is 
the Sentiment of your Hearts so I will freely declare 
mine to you. That seeing His Majesty lias been pleased 
to intrust me with this Government, it shall be my 
Endeavour and thought to make every person therein 
Easy under my Administration. 



1T17 I ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERN OH HUNTER. 305 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple — 
with a Minute of Council. 

[From P. K. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. II, D. 53.] 

L r from Brigade Hunter Gov?" of New Jersey &c 
to y e Sec ry with the Copy of a Minute of y e 
Council of that Province relating to a Peti- 
tion to his Ma^ containing Articles of Com- 
plaint against him. 

D r Sir 

Having wrote by the Same Sort of Conveyance (by 
Bristol) two or three days agoe, I have only to add to 
what I then wrote, the Inclosd Copie of a Minute of y e 
Council Of N Iersey relateing to y e Paper you Sent 
me, being to meet that Council before my Journey to 
the Frontieres to meet our Indians I thought it neces- 
sary that the Paper should be in the mean time Sub- 
mitted to them. What will you say when the Whole 
Province even the Suppos'd Subscribers themselves 
shall disown it under their hands. I have not inett 
yet with one man who is not astonisht at the Impu- 
dence and folly of y e promoter who must know that 
by y e very first opportunity he must be disprov'd as to 
every Article In the paper that requires any Answer I 
beg you'll also lay this before such as you Judge fitt, 
letting M r Philips and Bampfield have Copies. If that 
Man could Contrive to get me once absent for a little 
while before matters are fully setled I am apt to 
believe his despaire would prompt him and his few 
Associates to do Something that would hazard not 
only the Peace but y e being of y ! Province. I know 
20 



306 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVBBNOB BUNTKR. [1711 

Not how he appears with you, with us he is lookt upon 

t<> be besides himself L am all and Intirely 

Yours 
N York v 27 May 1717 Ro: Hunter 



[Enclosed in the foregoing letter. | 
To the King's Most Excellent Majesty 

The humble Petition of several Traders, Inhabi- 
tants, and Proprietors of New Jersey in 
America in behalf of themselves and many 
others. 

Sheweth 

That Robert Hunter Esq haveing been appointed by 
Her late Majesty Cap. 1 Gen 1 & Gov! in cheif of the 
Province of New Jersey, New York and the Territories 
thereon depending in America and Vice Admiral of 
the same, and the Commissions for continueing y e said 
Robert Hunter in the said Post being lately renew'dby 
your Majesty, and the said Robert Hunter haveing 
dureing his said Govern? acted very illegally, unwar- 
rantably and unjustly to the great damage and preju- 
dice of your Petitioners, and the rest of the Traders 
and Inhabitants, in, and Proprietors of the said Prov- 
ince, and your Petitioners being unable to releive 
themselves against the oppressions of the said Robert 
Hunter any other way than by applying to your 
Majesty, Your Petitioners have presum'd to lay before 
your Majesty in the following particulars some few of 
the many mismanagements of the said Rob' Hunter. 

!■' . . . The said Coll Hunter dureing the time of 
His Gov! delay'd Justice, and took upon himself in an 
illegal manner to dispence with the laws of Great 
Brittain, and of the Assembly of New 7 Jersey. 



171?] . ADMINISTRATION OF GO VERN0B BUNTER. Wi 

He turned out the Sheriff of Middlesex and Somerset 
in New Jersey before his Year was expired. 

Without any cause assigned, and contrary to his 
Instructions (to the great detriment of the Province i 
he turned out most of the Judges and Justices of the 
Peace throughout the said Province of New Jersey, 
and put in several new Judges and Justices some not 
resideing in the Province for which they were 
appointed, others not fitt for these employments. 

He permitted persons to sit, and act in the Council 
and Assembly of the said Province of New Jersey 
without qualify eing themselves as his Commissions 
and Instructions direct. 

He invaded the property, and injured the ffreehold 
of your Majestys Subjects by causing their timber to 
be felled upon their estates, and carryed away in a 
very illegal manner, and by burning and destroying 
the deeds and titles to their lands. 

He passed all the Laws enacted by the Assembly of 
both Provinces in a Style directly contrary to his 
Instructions, altho otherwise advised by Her late 
Majesty's council. 

He permitted very great sums of money to be issued 
and disposed of contrary to his Instructions. 

He hath not caused books of accounts of receipts 
and payments to be duely kept, and attested upon 
oath, nor transmitted such books to England as by his 
instructions he is enjoy ned to doe. 

He hath passed several Acts of Assembly in both 
Provinces directly repugnant to the laws of England 
which his Commissions and Instructions directly forbid. 

He hath erected New courts of ludicature within 
the said Province such as were not known there before, 
whereby the Inhabitants have been much injured con- 
trary to his Instructions, and the laws of England. 

He hath illegally order d restitution of the goods of 
several persons, which pursuant to an Act of Assem 



508 



Administration of oovf.rnor hunter. 



[in: 



bly of the Province of New Jersey made before he was 
(Jover 1 , were regularly distrained. 

He hath stopped Prosecutions of his own head with- 
out adviseing with the Council, 'tho those Prosecutions 
were expressly directed by the Council ( Nemine Con- 
tradicente) before his arrival, against persons who 
upon Examination appearVl guilty of gross crimes. 

He hath illegally taken upon him to grant diverse 
patents & Charters for constituteing and makeing 
Townships in. the Province of New Jersey, whereby 
diverse persons have been divested of their property 
without being heard, notwithstanding Caveats have 
been enter'd against the passing of such Charters and 
Patents which Charter or Patents never pass VI any 
office in the said Province. 

He hath in the Writ for Summoning two Repre- 
sentatives to serve in General Assembly for the town 
of Burlington directed the Qualifications of the Elect- 
ors to he repugnant to what his Instructions require. 

He summoned two Assemhlys in a short time one 
after another without permitting either to meet. 

He hath by frequent and short Prorogations of the 
Assembly obliged several of the Representatives to 
travell many hundred of miles forward and backward 
from their own habitations to the place where the 
Assembly was directed to sitt, without so much as 
ever meeting them, to their great trouble loss & 
expence. 

He hath not only dispenced with but endeavour*! 
intirely to destroy an act of Assembly of this Province 
that has received the Ro}^al Sanction in Great Brittain, 
and was publishd by himself, and enter'd in y Coun- 
cil books, notwithstanding the humble request and 
Representation of the General Assembly of this Colony 
to the Contrary. 

He hath presumed in an illegal manner to grant 
warrants for apprehending and forcing several of the 



1717] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 309 

Members of the Assembly to come to Perth Amboy, 
and when there by threats and commands he obliged 
them to continue in the said town several days, 'tho 
the Assembly not sitting, to the great damage of their 
private affairs, as well as the debarring them from 
serving God in any place of worship on the Lords day. 

He hath fomented kept up and increased the divi- 
sions and animosity s among the Inhabitants of this 
Province by publishing and dispersing Papers in Print, 
which contain positions contrary to the laws of Great 
Brittain, and the Right and liberty of the Subjects. 

He hath neglected ever since his accession to the 
Government to keep the Militia of this Province under 
such order & discipline as is necessary for the defence 
of it agaiust the attacks of the Barbarous and Trech- 
earous Heathen enemy who lay in considerable num- 
bers at no great distance from us. 

By which Arbitrary proceedings of the said Robert 
Hunter your Petitioners are so very much greived that 
without your Majestys Protection (which your Majes- 
ty's Petitioners humbly Implore) they and their 
familys. as w T ell as your Majesty's said Province must 
be inevitably rained. 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray they may 
be heard to this charge, and that your Majesty would 
please to give directions that your Petitioners may 
have recourse to such Commissions. Instructions. 
papers &c: and such persons whose attendance is 
necessary may be obliged to appear, that your Peti- 
tioners may be ennabled more fully to make out these 
particulars, and that your Majesty would doe in it 
what to your Princely wisdom and clemency shall 
seem meet for the releif of your Petitioners in these 
deplorable circumstances, and your Petitioners as in 
duty bound shall ever pray &' : 
Wm Clowes Joseph Piron Joseph Dennis 

Jacob Heulings Alex r Lochart John Starke 
Richard Kirbv Abra" Browne Dan! Leeds 



310 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HOTTER. 



[in 



Will: Spenser 
J on a" Lovett 
Will- Cuttler 
George Willis 
Tho* Shreave 
Will'" Dowes 
Step: Harris 
John Garrett 
Will™ Dean 
R*_ BaU 

Jacob Clements 
Benj" Kirby 
Samuel Wright 
Tho s Dowse 



Rich 01 Allison 
Nich" Browne 
Mic 1 Newbound 
Arthur Clcavton 
Tho s Mackinsey 
Tho f Wright 
Will™ Kirby 
Charles Millard 
•John Bulark 
Elisha Lawrence 
Zebnlon Cleayton 
Rich. Lawrence 
Rob 1 : Lawrence 
Jos: Lawrence 



Tho^ Fox 
John Wright 
John Marshal 
W™ Fox 
Tho s Bransart 
John Bowne 
John Ineth 
John Rudvores 
John Lawrence 
Nich s Gateau 
Dan! Robins 
Benj" Lawrence 
Will: Evillman 
John Hammell 



The Above written Paper haveing been commu- 
nicated to us by your Excellency as accusations made 
against you by the persons above named, calling them- 
selves Traders, Inhabitants, & Proprietors of New 
Jersey, We beg leave to observe to your Excellency 
that the Persons signing the same are for the most 
part the lowest, and meanest of the people of this 
Province, who we beleive have been influenc'd by m- 
Daniel Cox, to whom we cheiliy owe those disturb- 
ances that have unhappily distracted this Province. 
and haveing look'd over those Articles of complaint we 
find the most part of them false in Fact, and such of 
them as have any colour of truth, are what we hum- 
bly conceive your Excellency might & ought to have 
done for preserving of the publick peace. 

At a Council held at Perth Amboy the 25 Ul May 1717 
T: Byerley Lewis Morris 

David Lyell Thomas Gordon 

John Anderson 
John Hamilton 
A true copy from the original minute of Council 

Ro: Hunter 



K17] \ DMIXISTRATION OF ROVKRXOK HUNTKB. 311 



Letter from Governor Hunter to thr Lords of Trade. 

IFrom N. Y. Col. Doots.. Vol. V, p. 483.] 

To the Right Hon ble the Lords Com™ for Trade 
& Plantations 

My Lords 

[Extract.] 
* * * * Having received from our agent a copy 
of a memorial containing compl ts against me, pro- 
moted and pres d to His Majesty by M r Dan: Cox, I 
have by this conveyance transmitted to him as full 
and satisfactory an answer as ever was given to any 
thing of that kind, which if your Lords 1 " please, he 
will communicate to you, by the contents of which 
you will perceive that if that country is not now ac- 
tually in arms and Rebellion, it is not for want of 
pains in the Gentle" and his associates, I have formerly 
acquainted your Lordships that all the divisions in the 
Jerseys were owing to him. and that he had fled from 
prosecution for the same, and crimes of that nature, 
and thought that I had reason to insist that he should 
first be remanded to answer for his conduct to the 
laws here, before he could well be received as a plain- 
tiff on the other side, however T have now answered 
without regard to that and cannot see what reparation 
it is possible for him to make for the injury he may 
have done to my reputation by such false and ground 
less complaints, for thousands will hear of the accusa- 
tion who may probably know nothing of my Justifica- 
tion :: " * '" 
My Lords Your Lordships most humble 

and most obedient Servant 

I Jo: Hunter 
IJulv 17171 



312 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER, [1717 

[Und'er date of May 18* 1719 Governor Hunter wrote 
to Secretary Popple "Cox has writt to liis friends 
that he has had a full hearing in Council. If he has 
new matter it is but Just I should be acquainted with it, 
if not I have answered the old but I am weary of this 
life"— Bp.] 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Mr. Philips, Agent 
for New York, — in answer to the Complaint* 
against him. 

[From K R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. Xlli, p. 396.] 

To Ambrose Philips Esqf 

[New York July -1V U 17171 
Sir 

I have received yours with the Copy of a Paper 
called the humble Petition of several Traders, Inhabit- 
ants, and Proprietors of New Jersey in America, in be- 
half of themselves & many others. What follows is a 
Sketch, from whence I desire you may frame an An- 
swer in form, being myself a Stranger to all such 
forms, having never been before laid under any neces- 
sity of giving Accounts of my conduct, or any part of 
it, either in pnblick or private Stations by way of An- 
swer to articles of accusation. 

Although T am well persuaded that the Lords to 
whom the consideration of it was referred, must at 
one view have been fully convinced, that the com- 
plaints are malicious & frivolous, but being by them 
touched in the tenderest pari I now shall by theclearesl 
proof the accusation can admit of prove them false and 
scandalous. 

And in the first place I have just reason to affirm 
that there never was any such Petition signed as men- 
tioned in the title, for the proof of which take the 



L717] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 3.13 

opinion of his Majesties Council of that Province in 
fol: (4) of the inclosed Cedules, Nicholas Gateau one of 
the supposed subscribers his Letter or address to me 
fol: (17; 18) the said Gateau's Affidavit before the Re- 
corder of Philadelphia in Pensylvania fol: (19, 20) the 
Declaration of Arthur Clayton, Daniel Leeds and W" 
( 'utler as in the Affidavits of David Lyel Esq!' & W? 
Bradford in fol: (26, 27; 39 40; 41) the Certificate of 
W? Spencer one of the supposed Subscribers fol: (6) & 
the address of the Justices of the County of Hunter- 
don, relating to it, fol: (5). by all which it will appear 
that the Petition presented to his Majesty is either a 
forged Paper, or that it was offered to the signers as a 
[taper of a quite different nature from that which ap- 
pears now to be of, & that taking it for granted that it 
had been subscribed by the Persons whose name are 
set to it. they are not Traders. Proprietors & Inhabit- 
ants of the Jerseys, but many loose, vagrant and in- 
considerable Labourers real Inhabitants in no fixed 
place. 

In the next place intirely waving that Plea at this 
time (though I must not. will not depart from it for 
reasons very forcible, & which 1 hope in a little time 
will fix the tranquility of that Province for ever in 
spite of all M'.' Cox or his few associates maybe able to 
do) & taking it for granted that such a Petition was 
actually signed willingly ec knowingly by these very 
Persons, whose names are affixed, I do affirm that it's 
contents as far as they have the appearance of griev- 
ances or just grounds for Complaint are absolutely 
false. & first as the general accusation of having acted 
very illegally, unwarrantably & unjustly, of having 
oppressed the Inhabitants & Governed arbitrarily &c? 
I appeal to the former publick Declarations & Testi- 
monies of all Councils. General Assemblys. Grand 
Jurys, & Quarter Sessions in their several Addresses 
to her late Majesty, to his present Majesty, ec to my 



314 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOB HUNTER. [1717 

self, most of which remain with the Lords of Trade or 
in the Secretaries Office, as also to the addresses of the 
Several Counties, Justices, & Grand Juries, relating to 
the 'very Petition or Complaints, and the Councils 
Opinion of that Complaint in fol: (5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 
12, 13, 14, 15) & whether the Suggestions of a few, 
obscure, ignorant, and unwary men may be sufficient 
in a just Ballance to outweigh so many solemn, volun- 
tary Declarations of, I think I may say, all the men of 
figure, sence, and probity in that Province, I most 
humbly submit to my Just and Illustrious Judges. 

And now I am to decend to the particulars, & in- 
deed if it were not for the assistance of some of M- 
Cox's own party who have let me into the secret, I 
should never have been able from anything mentioned 
in that Petition to have guessed at the mean- 
ing of the accusations, being conscious to my self of 
no one individuall Act of mine that could give the 
least ground for such complaints. 

I am first accused of delaying Justice, this might 
have been reckoned amongst the Generals, for I know 
not in what Instance it can be alledged, for the Courts 
of Justice are established in that Province as directed 
by my Instructions, and the Law's, I am not the 
Judge in any of their Courts, in matters of appeal to 
the Councill I have but my vote, all appeals have been 
readily heard as oft as they have been made, which 
has been but very seldom, cS: the Court of Chancery in 
that Province I think was not opened when that Com- 
plaint was signed. 

In the next place they say I have dispenced with the 
Law T s of Great Britain, I cannot understand the mean- 
ing of that unless they had condescended upon sonic 
particular fact, which they judged to be dispensing 
with these Law's, but am confident that no act of 
mine, strain it as they please, can bear any such Con- 
struction. If in any sence I can be said to have 



1717] ADMINISTRATION* OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 315 

delayed Justice, or dispensed with Law's it is in ono 
which I have just ground to believe the Petition does 
not intend, that is, that after M r Cox with others was 
by her late Majesty's Letters Mandatory, a copy of 
which you have here (fol: 44) enclosed) after full & 
frequent hearing at the Board of Trade, & before the 
Privy Oouncill, dismissed from her Council in the Jer- 
sey's for disturbing the publick Peace of that Province, 
after which he redoubled his endeavours by many 
little vile Artifices, and false Reports to continue that 
Disturbance, as appears by the address of the General 
Assembly herewith sent you in the Minutes of that 
Assembly, & the other addresses before mentioned, I 
say if I am guilty of any delay of Justice or seeming 
dispencing with Law's, it is in that only instance, that 
the Law's in force against Sedition, Riots, Tumults, & 
avowed Opposition to all Government were not so 
severely & speedily put in Execution as the nature of 
Crimes & their tendency required, but to this I have a 
very good and sufficient answer, when I shall be 
accused of it. 

In the next place I am accused of turning out the 
Sheriff of Middlesex before his Year was out, and 
several Justices & Judges without any Cause assigned, 
as to the first I was upon my arrival in that Govern- 
ment addressed by the principal Freeholders & Pro- 
prietors of that Country, begging to be relieved from 
what they suffered under that Sheriff called Brimstone 
Bare! out, an ignorant, vile, mean fellow put in by M : ' 
Sonmans's Recommendation. & a Tool of his. one of 
the crimes proved against him was his making a false 
Return of a Writ contrary to his Oath, in favour and 
by the Pursuasion of Sonman's or his friends, for which 
lie was sued in one of the Courts of Justice, & cast, & 
before he payd the damages had absconded near two 
Years; which Sonman's, as I have amply informed the 
Lords of Trade, carryed away by Stealth all the pub- 



316 ADMINISTRATION OF COVF.RNOH HUNTER. [171? 

lick Records of the Eastern Division of New Jersey. & 
had sent them from New York to Pensylvania with a 
Locket as a Chest of Goods, and it was by chance that 
they were discovered and seized at Burlington, for 
which fact he has thought fit to fly the Province, & 
has been some time at London as to the Judges and 
Justices, I after Publication of my Commission issued 
forth a Proclamation for continuing of men in Offices 
till further Orders, after that having it in my Instruc- 
tions that I should use all possible Endeavours to put 
an end to the unhappy divisions that raged in that 
Province, I with the advice of the most disinterested 
persons either in Councill, Assembly or Commissions 
of Peace, issued new Commissions as has been ever 
practiced upon every change of a Governor, in which 
all imaginable caution was had that there should not 
be the least ground to affirm that I had then any 
regard to. or private Inclinations towards any one 
party more than another, but a certain Number of 
Persons, whose names were in those Commissions 
being let into a Secret, a fatal one, the then intended 
Change of the Ministry, declined serving in these 
Offices, believing as they have since owned, & as they 
then publickly gave out, that my time was to be but 
short amongst them, but even after that, I believe 
there cannot be assigned one single Instance of so few 
changes of that nature made upon the Change of a 
Governor. I know not what is mean't by appointing 
Persons who resided out of the Province, to be Jus- 
tices, unless it be Col: Morris the President of the 
Council, and Agent for the Proprietors, and Col: John- 
son who have the most considerable Estates in the 
Jerseys. & their principal Residence there, tho their 
Occasions, or the education of their children did then 
require their having also habitations in New York, 
whore the first has also a considerable Estate. 

In the next, he permitted Persons to sit & act in 



1 J 1 ; | .ADMINISTRATION OF liOVKKNOK HUNTER. 317 

Council and Assembly of the said Province, without 
qualifying of themselves as his Commission & Instruc- 
tions direct; by this I suppose is meant the Quakers, 
who qualify themselves by affirmation instead of an 
Oath, in answer to this take the very words of my 
Instruct ions from her late Majesty ec also his present 
Majesty, whom God long preserve. 

'•Instruction Co'. 1 ' And whereas Ave have been fur- 
"ther informed that in the first Settlement of the 
" Government of our said Province, it may so happen 
"that the number of Inhabitants fitly qualifyed to 
"serve in our Council, in the Gen! Assembly. & in 
" other Places of trust & profit there, will be but small, 
"it is therefore our will & Pleasure that such of the 
"said People called Quakers as shall be found capable 
" of any of those Places or Employments, and accord 
"ingly be elected or appointed to serve therein, may 
"upon their taking c\: signing the declaration of alle- 
"giance to Us in the form us'd by the same people in 
" this Kingdome, together with a solemn Declaration 
"for the true discharge of their respective trusts, be 
"admitted by you unto any of the said Places or 
" Employments. 

Next comes a terrible Stroke. He invaded the Prop- 
erty & injured the Freehold of your Majesties Subjects, 
causing their timber to be felled upon their estates, & 
by burning & destroying the titles of their Lands. 
This is indeed something to the Purpose, and were 1 
guilty either of the one, or the other, I assure you, I 
would not offer at a defence, but throw myself at his 
Majestie's feet for his pardon. Upon the last of the 
two unhappy Expeditions intended against Canada I 
was ordered by her late Majesty by her Instructions 
under her hand, & signet amongst other things to pro- 
vide a sufficient number of Batteaux or hat bottomed 
Boats, for transporting upon the fresh lakes men. & 
Provisions, the number judged sufficient I think was 



318 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HINTEK. [171? 

three hundred, these Orders came to my hands (the 
Vessel which carryed them having met with contrary 
winds) just as we had also advice, that the Fleet with 
the forces for that Expedition were already upon the 
Coast, for which I was also ordered to furnish provi- 
sions for three months, you may guess the task I had 
to go through on so little warning; I pressed all the 
Carpentars in the place (I wonder that was no part of 
the complaint) for the dispatch of these Batteaux, & 
having found Plank, the Carpentars represented, that 
they could not go on for want of Knees as they call 
them, which are little crooked Sticks not so big as my 
arm, & that they might he conveniently had on the 
desert Beach called Sandy Hooke; I ordered them to 
go thither, & fetch them with all possible dispatch, 
and if any man claimed Property in that Beach they 
should acquaint him that I would satisfy him to the 
value, which accordingly they did, I heard no more of 
this matter, till a Copy of a Complaint given into his 
Majesty by Daniel & Samuel Cox in order to stop the 
passing of my Patent was sent over to me. when that 
was made publick, the Persons who had given rise to 
that Complaint, the two Hartshorn's Father & Son 
owned that they had been the authors of that Com- 
plaint, which made me enquire into it, & take the 
declarations & depositions, relating to that matter as 
you have them fol: (30, 31, 32, 33, 34, & 35) if cutting 
a Number of Sticks on such an emergency on a barren 
Beach, where they might have indeed remained uncut 
to the end of the world, had it not been for this fatal 
Expedition, in a Country where all the value of Tim- 
ber especially of that sort is in the Labour of cutting, 
for a publick & immediately necessary Service & for 
which all reasonable Satisfaction was tendered, & 
refused, if this I say be a crime it is most certainly one 
that may deserve a ready pardon, especially consider- 
ing how strictly accountable 1 had reason to conclude 



171?] \ I) MINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTKR. #19 

my self to be to those then in power tor the least 
failure on my part, which mighl have had the smallest 
appearance of retarding that Expedition. 

As to the burning and destroying the deeds and 
titles to lands, read the attestations & affirmations in 
foil: (36, :'>7. 38, 50, 51, 52, 53, .">4, 55) and take the 
truth of the matter of fact, as follows, whilst the 
Assembly was sitting at Burlington the Speaker with 
some other Members. & other principal Freeholders in 
that County acquainted me. that the Indian King- 
Charles, as they called him. was come to town to com- 
plain of a grievous abuse or trick put upon him by one 
Wetherhill. who having made him drunk, got him to 
sign a Paper, which he fold him the next day was a 
Conveyance of that Land where these Indians lived, & 
had been expressly reserved for them in the original 
Contract, & all succeeding ones, representing at the 
same time the dangerous consequence of such illegall 
& unwarrantable practices: I was prevailed upon to 
send for Wetherhill. ife soberly expostulated the mat- 
ter with him, and its Consequences, in presence of 
many of both Council & Assembly: all he had to say 
was that the Indian was not drunk, to which the 
Indian replyed how could I be sober when I gave that 
which was not mine to give: and asked him if he had 
ever given him the value of a Wampum in lieu of it ; 
to which Wetherhill replyed, that he had given him 
the greatest part of half a Barrel of Cyder, I then told 
Wetherhill, that such a deed of gift would be of no 
availe to him, being expressly against the Law which 
obliges every Purchaser to have a previous Lycence 
from the Government to purchase, & being obtained 
by base means of making an Indian drunk, & that it 
was well known that no Indian can despose of Laud 
but the whole tribe or Canton by themselves or then- 
Deputy, they all having an undivided right to & Prop- 
erty in the Land they claim, & that he would only 



320 IDMINTSTRATIOUT OF GOVERNOR 1UXTER. [1717 

expose himself to a Prosecution for a fraud &cf how- 
ever he might carry the Indians with, & if he could 
make them easy I should be so, when this was inter- 
preted to the Indian, he said he would never be easy, 
that his heart was sick, & he would never stir out of 
that room, till he had that deed, as it was called, again, 
I bid Wetherhill go home & consider of it, and to 
encourage him to do what he ought in Justice to do 
without any Encouragement I told him that when he 
had any just title to such a parcell of Land elsewhere 
I would give him a Lycence gratis, and free of all fees. 
& his own Brother then present offered him a track 
elsewhere to make him easy, upon this he went away, 
& some time after, I remember not how long, he 
returned, the Indians remaining at my home all the 
while; I asked him if he had brought that deed along 
with him. & if he was willing to give it up to the 
Indian, he replyed yes, & accordingly with his own 
hand gave it up to the Indian, who after some pause 
tore it to peices, & gathered up every scrap, & put it 
into the fire, saying his heart was now whole, & he 
would live many Years the longer for it, & Wetherhill 
went away well satisfyed, the truth of tins will appear 
by the affirmations abovementioned. 

The following Accusation of passing all Laws in a 
style different from that in my Instructions in both 
Provinces, & suffering money to be disposed of con- 
trary to my Instructions, are best answered by his 
Majestie's Royal Approbation of most of those Laws. 
particularly of that relating to the issue of money in 
the Jerseys which I know they complain of. 

I know not what they mean by not keeping clear 
books of Accounts of the Revenue, there is a Treas- 
urer or Receiver Gen! for that purpose, he has con- 
stantly accounted. & has had all his Accounts nicely 
examined by both Council and Assembly, & his Ac- 
counts were sent home bv M r Nicholson, who demand- 



171?] \ DMIN1STRATI0N OF GOVERNOR HIN'TER. .'! - >l 

ed them as he was impowered by a special Commission 
to do, and I have ordered again and again both Treas- 
urers to send home their Accounts in Form, audited to 
the Treasury there is indeed some difficulty in the 
audit, the Deputy Auditor scrupling to audit without 
a Salary & unhappyly there is no allowance made in 
either Province for that Service, however he is now re- 
solved to audit these Accounts, without any regard to 
that, & I hope to transmit them soon audited in form, 
in the mean while if it can be made appear, that I 
have at any time in either Province touched one far- 
thing but what was my due by the Laws and my In- 
structions, I submit to the punishment due for such 
transgression, which has been perhaps not without a 
precedent in both Provinces. 

I have passed no Laws directly repugnant to the 
Laws of England, if I had they would not have been 
left to guess at. 

I have erected no new Courts of Judicature, I did 
order the restitution of goods distrained, & the Case 
is thus. There had been in my Lord Cornbury's time 
several distresses make upon the Quakers for not serv- 
ing- in the Militia, which had remained in the hands of 
M 1 . Bane unsold for many Years, the Gentlemen of 
the Assembly, & the people conserned applyed to me, 
I asked M 1 Bane how it came about that they were 
not sold as the law directed, he answered that nobody 
would buy them, & indeed they were neither worth 
buying or keeping, on that I ordered him to restore 
them to the owners; I have a power in my Instruc- 
tions of remitting fines to the value of ten pounds, 
these were not in value the half of that, I believe how- 
ever some other Governors would have made some 
other use of them. 

I did stop some prosecutions commenced before my 
time, but it was upon full proof & conviction that they 
were malicious and vexations. 
•>1 



822 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1T1? 

I have granted Patents & Charters though very few 
but none except such as I am amply & sufficiently em- 
powered to grant by my letters Patents, & my Instruc- 
tions; &. Caveats which were entred against one of 
them (there were no more) were actually heard, & de- 
bated. & set aside as frivolous and vexatious. 

The Writ of summons for choosing Representa- 
tions for the county of Burlington is in the terms pre- 
scribed by my Instructions, or by the Law's in force 
for that purpose. 

I did dissolve one Assembly by the advice of the 
Council as it stands in their minutes, & to which min- 
utes, I refer for the causes of that dissolution, & the 
honor of 1VP Cox & his party. 

The next Assembly did meet, chose Mr Cox their 
Speaker, & then expelled him their house for the 
reasons mentioned in their votes, & their Addresses to 
me herewith sent you marked (Extract from the Min- 
utes of) I have destroyed that Act of Assembly fixing 
the Session of Assembly to Burlington, but it is by a 
law repealing it, as to the dispencing with it, upon re- 
ceipt of my Instructions from his present Majesty I 
found that I was then ordered to hold the first Session 
at Amboy, & the Subsequent alternately, which In- 
struction came in the most seasonable time possible, 
for it was no longer safe to meet at Burlington for 
the reasons I have formerly transmitted to the Lords 
of Trade, & which are sufficiently confirmed by W 
Talbots Letter to me fol° 20) M'' Wilcocks's disposition 
fol: (21, 22, 23, & 24) M 1 - Lyels letters & attestations 
fol (26, 27, 28, 39, 40) & M r Bradfords to the same pur- 
pose. 

For granting Warrants as he calls it for apprehend- 
ing & forcing Members to come to Perth Amboy, I 
appeal to the whole Proceedings as they stand in the 
Journals of both Council, & Assembly with the Lords 
of Trade, by which it will appear that there was noth- 



1717] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTEK. 3#3 

ing done by nie, but at the earnest desire of the Assem- 
bly its self, and what was absolutely necessary to pre- 
vent confusion, and a dissolution of the Government. 

I have done what was in my power to allay animosi- 
ties, & abolish divisions, & hope I have pretty near 
affected it, & T will answer for it, that there shall be 
no more noise of either if M- Cox will Keep away, or 
return whilst I am upon the Spot, if he returns during 
my absence, or at a time when that Province has no 
dependence on the Commander in chief in this I can- 
not promise so much, I believe you understand me. I 
know not what he means by publishing Papers, con- 
trary to the Laws of England, & the rights & liberties 
of the Subject, so cannot answer to it. 

The Militia of that country is I think in very good 
order ever since M- Cox & his Associates were turned 
out of it, it was not indeed safe in their hands who had 
for the last years of her Majesties Reign rung the Peal 
of the Churches danger, under the auspicious Influence 
of the Reverend Nonjurhig M r Talbot, lowder than 
ever it had been rung in England, and indeed their 
whole conduct was but an Echo to that on the other 
side, if there should be any doubt of this M ! . Smith the 
Secretary of the Jerseys may be interrogated upon 
Oath in what manner and in what terms M'. Cox told 
him, long before the Pretender's landing, that he was 
at the head of 50,000, Men in Scotland, & M r Flower 
the Postmaster of Philadelphia shall take his Oath to 
the following words spoke by M' Cox upon reading 
the votes or resolves of the Lords, relating to the 
Treatise of Commerce. "By God these Whig Lords, 
will never be quiet till twenty of their heads are struck 
of. I hate the method of exculpation by recrimina- 
tion, but MV Cox as I am Informed carryed with lrim 
a testimonial of his great moderation and affection to 
the Protestant Succession, signed by some who are 
just as moderate, & as well affected that way as him- 



.'5*.M AhMIYISTHATroX I' OOV I'.KXOR Jl V XTER. j 1 ", 1 ? 

self, which makes me judge so much at least as is here 
said, not unnecessary. In the mean time the Indians 
there, & all around are perfectly quiet, & easy. 
notwithstanding the repeated endeavours of these 
mad men to make them otherwise, the story of Weth- 
erills deed is one minute instance. 

You must carefully look over the hook containing 
the Affidavits, Addresses &c, for there maybe some 
papers there, relating to the same affair which 1 have 
omitted to mention, having so little time, and most of 
these were signed ( I mean the Originals) & sent dur- 
ing my absence on our Frontiers, from whence I am 
but lately returned, I was advised to keep Originals 
& send over the Copies attested under the Seal of the 
City in the manner you have them, they being neces- 
sary upon M' Cox's return hither, when that shall 
happen. 

I believe you'll be at a Loss to find out a cause for 
such inveterate malice, <& fury, without Provocation. 
I will help } r ou out upon my arrival here that Party 
called my Lord C — s, of which Cox was the cheif , was 
the forwardest & warmest in their Compliments and 
Protestations, I believing them sincere laid hold of 
them as means put into my hands for healing the di- 
visions, which tore that Province to pieces, & laboured 
hard in it accordingly, but to my surprise, & every 
bodies besides those who were in the secret, in the 
very first Assembly, which I held in the Jerseys I met 
with such avowed opposition from that party both in 
Council, & elsewhere, that if I had not found means 
to take off W- Mompesson, & Col: Quarey from then- 
side in some things material, no one thing could then 
have been done at that Session, either for the Good of 
the Government, or of the Countrey, but any surprise 
was soon at an end, for that fatal change of the Min- 
i .try (which I only apprehended from very dark hints) 
was noised about the country by these men before it 
was made, and wagers openly lay'd that I should be 



HI/] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BUNTER. 325 

superceded in a few months, as an unavoidable ( lonse- 
quence of that. However as I was bound in duty, & 
in answer fco the Representation of that Gen! A.ssem 
bly, J submitted the whole conduct of these Gentlemen 
to her Majestie's Ministers, & the Lords of Trade, who 
after a full hearing advised her Majesty to dismiss 
them from her Council, as disturbers of the publick 
peace, as you will see in the Copy of her orders fol ( ) 
this Blow so little expected, put him in particular into 
such a rage, that he has breathed nothing but revenge 
ever since, add to this, that he has a dispute depend- 
ing with the Proprietors of the Jerseys for the greater 
part of the lands he possesses or claims, and juding 
[judging?] of me by himself, I suppose thought it not ad- 
viseable to trust a Decision to one whom he had so much 
provoked, but if I know myself he was in no danger if 
he has Justice on his side, & to cure him of these sus 
picions, I have constantly advised the contending par- 
ties to bring that Suit to an issue, feigned, or real, 
that it may be carryed before the King in Council, but 
in reality, no Government would Serve his turn that 
was not intirely tractable to his Interest's right or 
wrong as I believe it sometimes has been. 

Upon the whole matter if upon representing to the 
Lords of his Majesties Council what I have I think so 
plainly made out, (and much more of the same kind 
shall be transmitted if necessary) their Lordships arc 
persuaded as I cannot doubt but they will be. that the 
accusations are false, and infamous; I humbly submit 
it whither it may not be necessary for the Peace of 
that Province, that there be a publick declaration of 
their Lordf Opinion, for on the other hand, if 1 
thought myself guilty I pronounce my self deserving 
of the most publick and exemplary punishment. I 
am sincerely 

Sir Your very humble S'erv! 

Robert Hunter. 
New York July _>7 l : " 1717. 



326 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1717 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Secretary of the 
Lords of Trade — recommending three Councillors 
to fill vacancies. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. H, D. 18-19 2.] 

N. York y e 13 Aug: 1717 

Dear Sir 

This Serves only to cover the Naval Officers 
Accounts here which I beg you'll present to their 
Lo 8ps , as also acquaint them that Mf Huddy and M r 
Parker' two of the Council of the Jerseys are Lately 
dead and M r Byerley is little better and M r Deacon 
through Age Unable to Attend. If their Lo sps please 
to recommend to his Ma'ty Peter Fretwell and John 
Wells In y e western Division and John Read In the 
Western [Eastern?] for Councillors I think them duely 
qualify'd every way. Pray try to put them all Into 
one Letter for I am put to all that charge in that 
Province. 

I have some hopes of y e pleasure of Embraceing } r ou 
next Spring and not 'till then but I am Very Sincerely 
D' r S ir 

Your most hearty and most obliged humble Servant 

Ro: Hunter, 



1 Elisha Parker removed from Staten Island to Woodbridge about 1675. In 1694 
he was appointed High Sheriff of the County of Middlesex. In 1707 he was chosen 
to represent the county iu the Provincial Assembly, and continued a member for 
two years. In 1711 he was appointed a member of Governor Hunter's Council, lie 
died, as stated in the above letter, June 80th, 1717, and his memory is associated 
with the characteristics — as enumerated by Ids contemporaries- of a good father 
a kind master and a sincere Christian. Mr. Parker was married and had several 
children, from one of whom, John, a son of his second wife, Hannah Rolfe, 
descended the Parker family of Perth Amboy, for many years one of the leading 
families of New Jersey.— See Contributions to the History of Perth Amboy, p. 138. 
Ed. 



1717] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR Ht/XTEB. 327 

Letter from J. Addison, Secretary of State, to the 
Lords of Trade — notifying them that the King is 
satisfied with the conduct of Governor Hunter. 

[From P. R, O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. H, D 18.] 

L r from M r Sec r y Addison, Signifying his Ma* 78 
Approbation of y e Conduct of Brigade Hun- 
ter Govr of N. York & New Jersey. 

Whitehall 22 d August 1717 
My Lords 

I have laid before his Maj ty your Lo p > Letter of the 
3? of July last, relating to some ill practices made use 
of to keep up Divisions, and foment Disorders in New- 
Jersey, together with the Extract of a Letter from 
Brigadier Hunter the Governor thereof, complaining 
of malicious Reports raised against him, and am com- 
manded to acquaint your Lo ps that his MajV is very 
well satisfied with the Conduct of the said Governor, 
which you will please to signify in such a manner, as 
you shall think the most likely to silence such Reports, 
and defeat such Practices for the future. 

I am My Lords Your Lordships 
most Obedient and most Humble Servant 

J. Addison 
R^ Hon b,e Lords Coram" of Trade. 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Hunter- 
informing him of the King's approval of his con- 
duct. 

From P. R. O. B. T. New .Jersey, Vol. XIII, p. 337. 

To Brigadier Hunter 

Sir 

Having seen what you writ to our Secretary in your 
Letter of the 13? May last, relating to the ill practices 



328 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [17K 

made use of to keep up Divisions, & foment Disorders 
in New Jersey, and to the Report spread of your being 
to be removed from the Government of that Province, 
We immediately transmitted the same to Mr Sec r : y 
Addison to be laid before His Majesty. Whereupon 
his Majesty has been pleased to command Us (as you 
will perceive by the inclosed Copy of a Letter from M! 
Secretary Addison) to signify to you that he is very 
well pleased with your Conduct, to which we may add 
that the Reports of your removal are malicious and 
groundless. This you may make known in such man- 
ner as you shall think the most likely to silence such 
Reports and defeat such Practices for the future, And 
you may be assured that we shall do all that in Us lies 
to discourage the same as Opportunity shall offer. 80 
we bid you heartily farewell and are 

Your very loving Friends and humble Servants 

Suffolk, 
Whitehal Sepf IP* 1717. Char Cooke, 

D. PlJLTENEY. 

Martin Bladen, 

(On February 2d, 171s, Mr. Philips, the Agent for 
New York, transmitted to the Lords of Trade an 
affidavit of John Drummy relating to letters written 
by Mr. Coxe and others against Governor Hunter, and 
copies of letters from Mr. Coxe and Henry Joyce to 
correspondents in New Jersey, detailing the views of 
the King and prominent individuals adverse to the 
Governor, which the two preceding documents effect- 
ually refute, and it is therefore thought to be unneces- 
sary to print them here. — Ed. | 



111?] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HI NTER. 3 " , 



Report of the Attorney General and Solicitor General 
— on the effect of the Proclamation for pardoning 
Pirates. 

LFrora P. R. O. B. T. Plantations General, No. 7, K. 113.1 

To the R- Hon ble the Lords Com'issioners for 
Trade and Plantations 

May it Please your Lordships 

In Obedience to your Lordship's Com ands signify ed 
to Us by M- Popple Wee have considered of the annext 
Queries proposed to Us by Your Lordships And as to 
the ffirst Query Whether the Proclamation is a full 
and sufficient Pardon to any persons who may have 
Com'itted Pyracies & Robberies upon the High Seas in 
America within the time therein mentioned, or if not. 
What Steps must be taken to obtain it of the Govern'." 
of America. 

Wee are of Opinion that the Proclamation does not 
contain a pardon of pyracy but only his Majesties' gra- 
cious promise to Grant pyrates such pardon on the 
Terms mentioned in the proclamation, On which every 
Subject may safely rely. But that it will be reasonable 
for his MajV to give Instructions to his Govern 1 ? in 
America to Grant the persons Surrendring themselves 
according to the Terms of such proclamation his 
Majesty's most gratious pardon for pyracies & Rob- 
beries on the High Seas. 

As to the 2". cl Query Whether by this proclamation 
murthers comitted by such pirates are pardoned? 

Wee are of Opinion that where the Murther is Com- 
'itted in the pyracy, it was his Ma'tie's intention to 
pardon the Murther So Com'itted, and that therefore 
it may be reasonable in the Instructions to his 



330 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [171? 

Majesty's Govern 1 ". 8 to direct them to insert in the par- 
dons by them to be passed of the piracies and Rob 
beries Com'itted on the High Seas a pardon of all 
murthers com'itted in the same. 

As to the 3? Query Whether the persons who have 
com'itted any Robberies or pyracies or any other by 
that title can hold the moneys and effects they may be 
so possessed of and not be liable to be prosecuted for 
them 

Wee are of Opinion that as to the proper Goods of 
the Py rates, they being pardoned, the same will not 
be forfeited, but they may retain them to their own 
Use. But as to the Goods of other persons which they 
have taken unlawfully from them, the property 
thereof by such taking is not altered, but the Owners, 
Notwithstanding any pardon, may retake them, or 
they may recover the Same by an Action to be brought 
ag* the Robbers for the Same. 

And as to the 4 th Quer: Whether if any persons 
having Notice of this Proclamation should between 
such Notice and the ffifth day of January next com'it 
any pyracies or Robberies, are entituled to the Benefit 
of it. 

Wee are of Opinion that there is no Exception of 
any Notice in the proclamation and his Majesty has 
been pleased to give his Royal promise, which he will 
never break, to pardon pirates Surrendring themselves 
All pyracies com'itted or to be com'itted before the 
said ffifth day of January, And for p' venting the mis- 
chiefs hinted at in this Query, his Majesty's Officers 
are to be diligent in apphending All pyrates, ffor his 
Majesty has not been pleased to promise pardon to any 
pyrates but such as surrender voluntarily according to 
the terms of the proclamation. 

Edw. North ey 

14'" November 171 7 \V M Thomson 



1717] ADMIXISTRAtlOX OF ffOVERXOR HUXTKR. 331 



Order of Council appointing three New Jersey Coun- 
cillors. 

[From P. R. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. n, D 74.1 

An order of Council upon a Rep? of y e 21 s * of 
Novf 1717, for appointing 3 New Counsel- 
ors for y e Province of New Jersey 

At the Court at S7 James's 
the 27 l - h Novernb 1 " 1717 
Present 
The Kings Most ExcellT Majesty in Council. 

Upon reading this day at the Board a Representation 
from the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Planta- 
tions dated the 21 th Instant, Setting forth that there 
being Three Vacancys in the Council of New Jersey by 
the Death of Hugh Hoddy and Elisha Parker Esq" and 
by the Great Age & Infirmity of George Deacon Esq" 
And humbly Recommending John Parker Peter Fret- 
well and John Wells Esq" to Succeed the said Persons 
being every way fully Qualified to Serve His Majesty 
in that Station. His Majesty in Council Approving 
thereof. Is pleas'd to Order as it is hereby Ordered 
That the said John Parker, Peter Fretwell, and John 
Wells Esq'" be Constituted and appointed members of 
the said Council to Supply the said Vacancys; And the 
Right Hon'ble Joseph Addison Esq r His Majesty's 
Principal Secretary of* State is to prepare a Warrant or 
Warrants for His Majesty's Royal Signature Consti- 
tuting and -appointing the aforesaid Persons Members 
of His Council in the said Province of New Jersey 
And requireing the Governor or Command 1 in Chief 
of the said Province to Swear and Admit them of His 
Majesty's said Council accordingly. 
A true Copy. 

Edward Southwell 



332 ADMINISTRATION F G01 KRXOR HUNTER. [1717 



Warrant to Governor Hunter for using anew scat for 
New Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. XIII. p. 338.] 

Draught of a Warrant for his Maj fc P Signature 
to the Governor of New Jersey for using 
the new Seal. 

To Our Trusty and Wellbeloved Robert Hunter 
Esq? our Cap. General and Governor in 
cheif of our Province of New Jersey & 
the Territories depending thereon in Amer- 
ica, and to the Commander in Cheif of the 
said Province for the time being. 

Greeting 

* Here with you will receive a Seal appointed by Us 
for the Use of our Province of New Jersey and the 
Territories depending thereon in America, the same 
being engraven with our Arms, Garter, Supporters, 
Motto and Crown, with this Inscription round the 
same, Sig: Provincial nostrce de Nor'/ Coesared in 
. I merica, which said Seal we do hereby authorize and 
direct to be used in the sealing all Patents and Grants of 
Lands and all publick Instruments which shall be 
made and passed in our Name and for our Service 
within our said Province, And that it be to all intents 
and purposes of the same force and Validity as an\ 
former Seal within our said Province hath been here 
tofore. And we further Will and require you upon 
the receipt of the said Seal to cause the former Seal to 
be broke before you in Council, and then to transmit 
the said former Seal so broken to our Comm™ for 
Trade and Plantations to he laid before Us in Council 



111! I ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 333 

as usual. Given at our Court at Hampton Court the 
8^ Day of October 1717. In the fourth Year of our 
Reign. 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple of 
the Lords of Trade — relative to vacancies in the 
( Um licit of New Jersey. 

From P. R. ( ). B T. New Jersey. Vol. II, D. 71. | 

X. York y 16 Nov' 1717 

D' S' 

| Extract. | 
I have wrote Several times for Councillors for the 
Jerseys, there are two more Lately dead viz: Elisha 
Parker and John Reading In the room of the former I 
beg leave to recommend his son John Parker' a very 
Sober Sensible Young man and of a Considerable es- 
tate In the room of y e Later Peter FretwelF a man of 
very good Ability s and Estate though a sort of a 
Quaker. 



^^'jf^r/C^S 



son of Elisha Parker, was 
born November 11th, 1694. 
He married September 
16th, 1721, Janet, daughter 
of Dr. John Johnstone, 
whom we have seen occu- 
pying a prominent posit i< >n 
in New Jersey. Although residing permanently in Perth Amboy, the stone part of 
the old well known Parker mansion having been built by him— he was engaged in 
business in New York as a merchant from 1726 to 172tf. He continued a member of 
the council, under the administrations of Governors Hunter and Burnet, until 1741. 
Their children were Elisha, James, Mary, John, and Lewis Johnstone. See. White- 
head's Contributions to the History of Perth Amboy. p. 130.— Ed. 




was one of the passengers in the 
Shield that arrived from Hull in 
December. 1678. They landed at 
Burlington, going ashore on the 
ice which had suddenly formed in the night sufficiently thick to bear them. He is 
spoken of in the text as a " sort of Quaker," but he appears to have been identified 
with the Friends throughout, and to have been highly respected by them. En. 



f.*4Ur off?*~cfrnrZ& 



834 .vnMI.VlsTHA'iroN OF g«vkiinor HUNTER. [171? 

If I am under a necessity of holding an Assembly 
in y Jerseys This Winter 1 must make use of y e 
power given me by my Patent and Instructions For 
all y e Councilors now alive are these 

Lewis Morris, Living in York George Deacon, Su- 
perannuated Thomas Gordon aged & Infirm John 
Anderson Th: Byerley In York & paralitica 1 John 
Hamilton Post M r Gen 11 David Lyal remov'd to York 

I have formerly & beg again to recommend for y e 
Eastern division 

John Read John Parker Adam Hudd 

for y e Western 

Peter Fretwell Joshua Wells 

Yours 

Ro: Hunter 



Representation from the Lords of Trade to the King — 
recommending the approval of the New Jersey Act 
allowing Quakers to affirm. 

IFrom P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. XIII, p. 426.1 

To the Kings most Exc* Maj? 

May it please Your Majesty. 

Having had under Consideration An Act passed in 
your Majesties Province of New Jersey the 11*? March 
1713, Entituled An Act that the solemn Affirmation 
and Declaration of the People called Quakers shall be 
taken instead of an Oath in the usual form & for quali- 
fying <k enabling the said People to serve as Jurors & 
to execute any Office or Place of Trust and Profit 
within this Province; & having had the opinion of 
your Majesties Sollicitor Gen! thereupon, We humbly 



IMS] iDMINISTJRATIOK OF GOVERNOR lUXTKR. 335 

take leave to represent to your Majesty, that tho this 
Act gives the Quakers greater Indulgence, than is 
allowed them in this Kingdom, yet as your Maj" 88 
Governor, and other Persons concerned in the Affairs 
of that Province have represented to Us that this Act 
is absolutely- necessary tor the strengthening the hands 
of the Government there. We have no Objection why 
your Majesty may not be graciously pleased to confirm 
the s? Act. 1 * 

Which is most humbly submitted 

Cha: Cooke 
P. Doeminique 
j. molesworth. 
Tho: Pelham 
D. Pulteney 
M. Bladen. 
Whitehall 
Jan r : y 27^ 1717-8 



Letter f rem the Lords of Trade to Governor Hunter 
—informing him of the action taken upon his va- 
rious communicat io ns. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. Xm, D 428 J 

To Brigadier Hunter. 

Sir 

We have now before us vour Letters of the 30*3 
of Aprill, 6? of June, 2? of October 1716 13 1 ! 1 of Feb- 
ruary 1716-7 and 8? of Aprill 1717 to Us and have seen 



> The Solicitor General said in his report, bearing date December 19th, 1717. " The 
Act * * * goes further than is allowed to them in England they cannot be A\ it - 
nesses or have concern in criminal causes, or have Offices, etc. But whether the 
neeessity in that Country may not require a greater indulgence to them their L dps 
best know." — Ed. 



336 ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [K18 

those you have writ to our Secretary of the I s * and 
29V of May, 8? of June 1716, 27? of May & 28? of 
September 1717. 

We take notice in the first Place of the Difficulties 
you have laboured under in relation to the Place of 
sitting of the Assembly of New Jersey, but that Diffi- 
culty will soon be removed since we have laid the Act 
to repeal a former Act, Intituled an Act for the ascer 
taining the Place of the sitting of the Representatives 
to meet in Gen! Assembly, before his Majesty for his 
Royal Approbation. 

We hope you will meet with no more Difficulties 
upon Account of M r Cox, & his Friends after the Re- 
ceipt of our Letter to you of the 4? of September last, 
which we writ you by his Majesties Commands, a Du- 
plicate whereof is here inclosed. 

We are very well pleased to see you have put the 
Affairs of the Jerseys on so good a foot as you men- 
tion in your Letter of the 1 3? February last. 

You need not be apprehensive of any Attempts of 
your Adversaries against you, since you will always 
have an Opportunity of justifying your Conduct be- 
fore you are condemned. 

W. Philips has laid before us what you write in An- 
swer to the Paper called the humble Petition of sev- 
eral Traders, Inhabitants & Proprietors of New Jersey 
which is very satisfactory, & we hope you'll be able 
fully to vindicate yourself from what M- Mulford has 
charged you with, an Account of which our Secretary 
sent you by our order the 19? of September 1717. 

According to your desire we have recommended 
John Parker, Peter Fret well, & John Wells, to be 
Member of the Council of New Jersey, & his Majesty 
has been please to appoint them accordingly, but as 
there are no Persons here authorised either on behalf 
of the Province, or of the Persons to be appointed 
Councillors to pay the fees in the several Offices, there 



1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUXTEH. 33? 

may be some delay in getting the Orders and War- 
rants dispatched which we observe to you that Care 
may be taken in this particular for the future. 

Whereas it is necessary for Us in considering the 
general state of the Trade of this Kingdome to have 
Accounts of the Trades of each particular Country & 
as we have Accounts of what Goods are sent from 
hence to the Maderas & Western Islands, so it is nec- 
essary we should be informed of what returns are 
made from thence; but as the Main of the Exports 
from those Islands is to the Plantations in America. We 
can get here no Accounts of them. And the Naval 
Officers do sometimes give Accounts of the Entry's of 
Ships inwards, yet it is in such a confused manner 
(expressing the Quantities of Goods in some Ships and 
of tener omitting it) that it is scarce practicable to form 
a true state of that Trade, We desire you therefore 
to give immediate Directions to the proper Officer to 
make out an Account of the Imports from the Maderas 
& Western Islands for three Years last past, & to send 
Us the same by the first Opportunity, & for the future 
we desire you to take Care to give Us annual Ac- 
counts of the said Imports. 

We send you here inclosed the Copy of a Memorial 
lately laid before us concerning the Progress the french 
have made in finding out and securing a Passage from 
S: Lawrence or Canada River to their own Settlement 
called Louisiana and down the River Mississippi in the 
Bay of Mexico; Whereupon we must desire you to in- 
form yourself as particularly as you can of the facts 
therein mentioned, & to acquaint us therewith as soon 
as possible & give us your Sentiments what Methods 
may be most proper to be taken for preventing the 
Inconveniences to which his Majesties Plantations on 
the Continent of America, & the Trade of this King- 
dom may be subject by such a Communication between 
the french Settlements. 
22 



338 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

We have laid the New Jersey Act about Quakers 
before his Majesty for his Royal Approbation. So we 
bid you heartily farewell, and are 

Your very loving Friends and humble Servants 

J. Chetwynd, 

Cha: Cooke, 
Whitehall P. Doeminique 

Feb? 3? 1717-16 Tho: Pelham. 

J Pulteney. 

M Bladen. 

P S Since what is above we have considered your 
Desire that the Acts passed by Col: Ingoldsby may be 
repealed and the reason you alledge for it is because 
he passed them without Authority. We find indeed 
that his Commission as Lieu- Governor of New York 
was revoked but we do not find that his Commissf 
as Lieu c GovF of New Jersey was revok'd at the same 
time, You must therefore explain particularly to Us, 
what grounds you had for saying Col: Ingoldsby had 
no Authority to pass those Acts, We desire likewise 
to know what Objections, you have against such of 
the Acts themselves as are not expired 

We have received from M* Philips an Affidavit to 
the Truth of the Copies of two Letters writ by D. C. & 
Henry Joyce, which we have transmitted to M- Secre- 
Addison to apprise him of the Endeavours of your 
Enemy's to disturb your in your Goverment' There shall 
be nothing wanting on our parts to discountenance 
any such Attempts against you. [Signed as above] 

1 See page 338. 



1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 330 



Representation from the Lords of Trade to the King 
with the names of Commissioners for trying 
Pirates in America. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. Plantations General. No. XXXIV. Eut: Book E, p. 161.] 

To the King's most Excell' Maj 1y 

May it Please Your Majesty, 

In obedience to an Order of the 30- of last month, 
for issuing of Commissions for the Tryal of Pirates in 
your Majesty's Plantations in America, in the like 
manner as those which were issued by His late 
Majesty King William in the Year 1700, We humbly 
offer to your Majesty the Names of Commissioners for 
the said Plantations, with our humble Opinion which 
of those Plantations may be fitly comprehended within 
each Commission Viz- 

[Here follow the names of the Commissioners for 
Jamaica, &c, &c] 

Commissioners for New York East & West New 
Jersey, Pennsylvania and Connecticut. 

Robert Hunter Esq r your Maj'-? Captain General & 
Governor in Chief in and over Your Majesty's Prov- 
inces of New York and New Jersey, & the Territorys 
depending thereon in America, or the Governor and 
Com'ander in Chief of the said Provinces for the time 
being. 

William Perm Esq r Proprietor and Governor of youi 
Majestys Province of Pennsylvania or the Proprietor 
and Governor or Commander in Chief of Pennsylvania 
for the time being. 

The Governor of your Majesty's Colony of Con- 
necticut for the time being. 

The Vice Admiral or Vice Admirals of the Provinces 



340 ADMIN ISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [171 8 

of New York East & West New Jersey, Pennsylvania 
& the Colony of Connecticut for the time being. 

Peter Schuyler, Rob 1 Walters Gerardus Beckman, 
Rip Van Dam, Caleb Heathcoat, Killian Van Ranslaer 
John Barbarie, Adolphus Philips, Abraham De Peys- 
ter, David Provost and George Clerk Esq rs Members of 
your Majesty's Council in the Province of New York 
during their being of your Majesty's said Council; 
And the Members of your Maj ys Council in the said 
Province for the time being. 

Lewis Morris, Thomas Gordon, John Anderson, W 1 ! 1 
Morris. John Hamilton Thomas Byerly David Lyol, 
John Parker Peter FretwelL and John Wells Esq 1 '? 
Members of your Majesty's Council in the Province of 
East & West New Jersey, during their being of your 
Majesty's said Council, And the Members of your 
Majesty's Council in the s ( : ' Province for the time being. 

The Chief Justice in the Province of New York for 
the time being. 

The Chief Justice in the Province of New Jersey for 
the time being. 

The Judge or Judges of the Vice Admiralty in the 
Provinces of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania & 
Colony of Connecticut for the time being. 

The Captains & Commanders of your Majesty's 
Ships of War within the Admiralty Jurisdiction of the 
Provinces of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania 
nnd y' ; Colony of Connecticut for the time being. 

The Secretary of the Province of New York for the 
lime being. 

The Receiver General of your Majesty's Revenue in 
the Province of New York for the time being. 

The Surveyors General of your Majesty's Customs 
in America for the time being. 

The Collectors of your Maj ya Plantation Dutys in the 
Provinces of New York, New Jersey & Pennsylvania 
& the Colony of Connecticut pursuant to an Act passd 



1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 341 

in the 25 th Year of King Charles the 2 d for the better 
regulating the Plantation Trade for the time being. 
[Feb y K)" 1 171 7- is | 

[Under date of July 4-th, L718, the Lords of Trade, 
in a letter to Mr. Secretary Craggs, gave directions 
that the Governors of the several Islands and Colonies, 
authorized to try the Pirates, should also have authority 
to pardon those who might surrender in accordance 
with the King's proclamation.] 



Order of Council referring to the Lords of Trade a 
Petition against allowing tl/e Quakers to affirm 

[From P. R, O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. II, I) 79. | 

* — '—•* At the Court at S? James's 
] L. s. J- the 16? of March 171 7-1 s 

*- — , — * Present 

The Kings most Excellent Majesty in Councill— 

Upon reading this day at the Board the humble 
Petition of the Several Inhabitants and Traders of His 
Majesty's Province of New Jersey in America, Whose 
Names are thereto Subscribed, in behalf of themselves 
and many others relating to an Act passed in that 
Province and lately Confirmed by His majesty allow- 
ing the Affirmation and Declaration of the People 
called Quakers to be accepted instead of an Oath in 
the Usual Form, and for Qualifying and enabling them 
to serve as Jurors & to Execute any Office or place of 
Trust and Proffitt within the said Province: and pray- 
ing that before the Order of Council Confirming the 
said act be Issued, they may be heard as to what they 
have to Offer against the same: it is Ordered by His 
Majesty in Council That the said Petition (a Copy 
whereof is hereunto annexed) Be, and it is hereby 



343 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

Refered to the Lord Commissioners of Trade and 
Plantations to Examine the Petitioners Allegations 
and Report their Opinion thereupon to His Majesty at 
this Board. 

Edward Southwell 



To the Kings most Excellent Majesty in 
Councill — 

The humble Petition of the Several Inhabitants 
of and Traders to Yo? Majestys Province of 
New Jersey in America whose Names are 
hereunto Subscribed, in behalfe of them- 
selves & many others Yo? Majestys Opprest 
Subjects of that province — 

Sheweth 

That by the ancient Statute Law of this Realm to 
Witt the 14 th Chapter of Magna Charta no Man is to 
be amerced but by the Oath of honest and Lawfull 
Men. 

That by an Act of Parliament of the T l " and 8 th of 
His late MajV King William of Glorious Memory, the 
the Affirmation and Declaration of the People called 
Quakers was to be accepted instead of an Oath but 
with and express proviso That no Quaker or reputed 
Quaker, should by Vertue of that Act be Qualified or 
permitted to give Evidence in any Criminal Causes or 
Serve on any Jurys or bear any Office or place of profit 
in the Grovernm' 

That the last mentioned Act being only Temporary 
the same was by another of the 13 th & 14*. u of his said 



1718] A DMINISTRATIOtf OF GOVERNOB HUSTTEB. 343 

late Majesty revived and coutinued in force for a fur- 
ther time, and the same hath also hy an Act of Parlia- 
ment passed in the first Year of Yo- Majesty's Eeign 
been revived and further Continued with a particular 
Clause to extend the same to the Plantations for five 
Years & to the End of the next Sessions of Parliament. 
That Robert Hunter Esq- was appointed Govern' of 
New York and new Jersey by Her late Majesty & 
hath been Continued in the said Govern 1 by Yo r 
Majesty. 

That in the Commissions and Instructions which the 
said Govern!" Hunter rec'ed, As well from Yo- Majesty 
as the s? late Queen, The said Govern" is required in 
the passing Acts of Assembly there, that the same be 
not repugnant but as near as may be agreeable to the 
Laws and Statutes of this Realm 

That the said Govern' Hunter in the Year 1713 did 
pass an Act of Assembly in New Jersey That the 
Solemn Affirmation and Declaration of the People 
called Quakers shall be accepted instead of an Oath in 
the Usual form and for Qualifying and enabling the 
said people to serve as Jurors & to execute any Office 
or place of Trust or proofitt within the said province 
of New Jersey. 

That Yo r Petition 1-8 are advised the said Act is 
directly repugnant to the Laws and Statutes of this 
Realm & the Rights and Liberty* of the Subject and also 
contrary to the s? Govern 1 : 8 Commissions & Instruc- 
tions and tend to the great Damage & prejudice of 
Yo r Petition™ 

That the said Act of Assembly of New Jersey being 
lately sent up to Yo r Maj ty by the Lords Commiss™ of 
Trade without first hearing what Yo' Petition 1-8 or any 
other persons concerned in the Consequences thereof 
had to Object ag* tin? same, Such Act rec'ed Yor 
Majestys Approbation of Course On the 13 th of this 



344 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

Instant February but Yo r MajV 9 said approbation under 
the Seal of Yo' Privy Councill is not yet Issued. 

That Several of the Inhabitants Traders and pro- 
priet™ of New Jersey had some time since by Petition 
to Yo- Majesty in Council humbly Complained of the 
Arbitrary & Illegall proceedings of the said Govern r 
Hunter (& amongst others) of the passing Acts of 
Assembly directly repugn 1 to the Laws of England & 
which his Commissions & Instructions directly for- 
bade, of which the Act before mentioned is One 
Instance, which Petition was referred to a Committee 
of Y o r Majestys Privy Councill & now depends there. 
So that while they were Seeking relief against and 
Complaining of the said Act That same has been of 
another Channell laid befor Yo' Maj^ for Yo' Approba- 
tion exparte, without the knowledge of Yo' Petition™ 
or of any of the said Inhabitants Traders or Proprie- 
tors who had before petitioned Yo r Sacred Majesty 
Complaining of the said Act — 

Now forasmuch as Yo- Majesty has usually indulged 
Yo r Subjects with hearings in Cases of the like Nature. 

Your Petition 1 ". 8 most humbly beseech Yo- Majesty to 
Ord r the Issuing Yo' said Royal approbation of the 
said New Jersey act to be stayd until the Laws be 
Consid' d and Yo- Petition 1 ' 9 heard by their Council 
before Yo r Majesty, Or a Committee of Yo- Privy 
Council, and that on such hearing the said act may be 
disallowed Or Yo' Petition rs may have such other 
relief as thereon to Yo'' Majesty's great Wisdom & 
Justice shall seem meet. 

And Yo' Petition' 8 as in duty bound shall ever pray 
&e» 

Chris: Billoppe J Barkstead 

Sam! 1 Mulford Charles Lodwick 

( !ha : Huddy Jo Lloyd 

Sam! 1 Bustill Joseph Lowe 

Tho s Clarke Joseph Paice 

Peter Humbly Moses Levy 



1718 



ADMINISTRATRIX OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



345 



[On a separate piece of paper — loose.] 

Chris! Billop — --of Staten Isld 

Mulford— — Long Island 

Huddy -his father was of y c Jerseys 

but is dead he was L- in y e 

Company at N. Y. but lives 

here 
Tho: Clarke— —He was here very lately, a 

very young Lad 
—a Hatter who lives here 



Peter Humbly 
J Barkstead — 



Charles Lodwick- 



Jn? Lloyd- 



Joseph Lowe- 
Joseph Paice- 
Moses Levy- 



— A Factor here for Some N. 
York Merch 13 
Long IsP 



-a Jew here 



[The Lords of Trade, in answer to the foregoing, 
under date of June 18th, 1718, refer the Council to 
their decision made January 27th, 1718 (see page 334), 
which had been approved of by the King. They see no 
reason for changing their opinion.] 



Scheme, or Treatise relating to the Plantations— refer- 
red to the Lords of Trade by Mr. Secretary Stan- 
hope, February, 1715. 

IFrom P. R. O. B. T. Plantations General, No. 7, K. 391 
OF THE AMERICAN PLANTATIONS 

The Brittish Plantations in America were but thin 
of people till the persecution of Dissenters in the Reign 



346 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

of King Charles the first, by which, and the Civil 
Wars, great numbers were forced to settle there. 

When the Plantations had but few Inhabitants, 
Justice in Criminal Cases was administred by Marshal 
Law, and cases Civil in a sum'ary way. 

On the increase of people and propriety amongst 
them, it was found necessary to establish a better 
method for their Government and the Administration 
of Justice. To this end power was given by Letters 
Patents to divide each Collony into districts, with 
Liberty to the Inhabitants to elect Members to repre- 
sent them in a General Assembly (in the nature of a 
house of Commons) to consent to the passing of Laws, 
and the raising of mony for the publick uses. And a 
( 'ouncil of the Inhabitants was likewise appointed to 
Assist the Governour. (the number of which was 
usually twelve) and all Laws were to pass by the Con- 
currence of the Majoritys of the said Council and 
Assembly, with the consent of the Governor. They 
had power likewise to errect such and so many Courts 
of Justice amongst them as they thought fit. Pursu- 
ant to such powers many and different Courts were 
established in the several Collonys. Which being 
erected by Persons not knowing the methods of ad- 
niinestring Justice, and rilled with Judges made of the 
Merchants Planters and others in Trade and Com'erce, 
and not learned in the Law, Justice could not be so 
well administred by such persons, as if they had bin 
more knowing, and less interested. And such persons 
only are hitherto made Judges in the Plantations. 

Courts thus erected and filled with such persons, tho 
at first it might be necessary, has in process of time 
produced many gross errors, partialitys and delays in 
the administration of Justice. 

Many Persons have withdrawn themselves their 
Estates, and great Stocks out of the plantation Trade, 
to prevent the wrongs which they or their Posteritys 



L718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 347 

might suffer for want of Justice. Which Stocks if 
continued would have much encreased, if not doubled 
the plantation Trade. 

During the Reign of King Charles the second Little 
was done to amend the administration of Justice in 
the Plantations, or for the improvement and encrease 
of them, except some Acts of Parliament then passed 
to retain the benefit of them from forreign Nations. 

In the Reign of King William of Glorious Memory, 
a Council for Trade and plantations was erected with 
very good power and Instructions which if they had 
bin well executed might have produced much good. 

ADVANTAGE BY THE PLANTATION TRADE 

It appears by the Inspector Generals Abstract that 
the Importations from the Plantations have bin one 
Year with another about a Million Sterling P Ann™ 
And the exportations from England to y e Plantations 
about Seven or Eight hundred thousand pounds. 

The said Abstract shews that in the Year begining 
at Christmass 1700. (about which time the Council of 
Trade was erected) the imports from the Plantations 
were 1,226,701. And the exports to them 682,414. 
making together 1,999,115. 

S! Josiah Child in his printed book of Trade affirms 
that the Plantations imploy two thirds of our Ship 
ping, and did thereby, and by takeing off our manu- 
factures give sustenance to near two hundred thousand 
persons in England. 

THE PLANTATIONS SEVERALLY CONSIDERED 

In order to the better Government and improvement 
of the Plantations, it is necessary to consider which of 
them are of greatest advantage and which of the least, 
or rather which are disadvantageous to Brittain. 

By the Inspector Generalls account the importations 



348 



ADMINISTRATION - OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



[1718 



from the several plantations in the said Year 1700. 
Stood thus. 



Antio-o- 



Barbados - 
Bermndos- 
Carolina — 

Jamaica — 



Imported from* 



Montserat 

Nevis and 

S' Christophers 

New England 

New Providence- 
New Yorke — ■ — 

Pensilvania 

Virginia and 
Mary Land 

Total — 



I 



£ 


s 


i) 


87,773 


11 


2 


356,024 


6 


0* 


1,232 


6 


8 


14,058 


14 


6 


239,758 


18 


9* 


42,343 


4 


6i 


88,345 


12 


9 


41.486 


9 


9 


3,704 


19 


H 


27,567 


10 


Of 


4,608 


8 


6f 


317,302 


12 


114 


1,224.206 


18 


H 



By which it appears that our Sugar and Tobacco 
Collonys are of greatest Advantage, and deserve most 
regard. 

All our Sugar Collonys are Islands, and produce few 
things that England does, for which reason, and 
because they want manufactures, they are incapable 
of Subsisting by themselves; and being under a neces- 
sity of being supplyed from abroad, it is much the 
interest of Brittain to have it done from thence. 

Virginia and Maryland are the Tobacco Collonys, 
their Trade being under some discouragements of late, 
they plant less Tobacco, and more provisions, and are 
i mproving in some manufactures. 

They may be capable in time of subsisting without 
any Supplys from Brittain. 

Our other Collonys on the Continent of Am erica are 
Carolina, Pensilvania, the Jerseys, New York, and 
New England. These vast tracts of Land, and several 
of them, especially New England are much more 
populous then the other more advantagious Collonys. 



L718] ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 349 

They produce most of the same things that England 
does and are capable of subsisting without any depend - 
ance on it. 

They supply our Sugar Collonys with provisions and 
some Manufactures, which England formerly had the 
advantage of furnishing them. In return for which 
goods they carry back Sugar and other produce of the 
Sugar Collonys, which is consumed in the said Planta- 
tions on the Continent; and thereby the benefit that 
such Sugar and other goods would bring us by their 
importation and exportation again in f orreign Trade is 
likewise lost. 

OF THE PLANTATION COURTS. 

It has bin observed in what manner the Courts of 
Justice were erected, and what sort of persons were 
made Judges in them. 

The Laws and establishments of the Courts being 
different in the several Collonys, a particular and dis- 
tinct account of each of them, would be too long to 
insert here. Here follows the state of one of them in 
one of the Collonys, by which and some observations 
thereon the Condition of the rest may be conjectured. 

In one of these Islands (not so large as some Countys 
in England) there are usually about one hundred and 
fifty Justices of the Peace. Nine Courts of Justice for 
Civil Affairs, besides the petty Sessions of the Jus- 
tices, and the Court of Grand Sessions held two several 
times in the Year for Criminall matters, or Pleas of 
the Crown. 

In the Civil Courts there are forty-four Judges, or 
Justices, not one of which learned in the Law. 

The Court of Grand Session is held by the Governor, 
Council, and the Judges and all the Justices of the 
peace, if they think fit to sitt there, but there are sel- 
dom above 60 or 70 of them at one time on the Bench. 



350 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [K18 

Thus most of the Chief persons being Judges or 
other Magistrates, there are few of note left to do 
Justice upon, and if they should do it against each 
other it might be retaliated upon them, and few per- 
sons can be prosecuted who are not dependant upon, 
or of Kindred to some of these persons. 

Such Courts produce (as might well be expected) 
many gross errors, and great partiality s. especially in 
the most considerable Cases. Persons wrongfully pos- 
sessed of Estates belonging to others, persons indebted 
and Merchants and factors trusted with the Estates, 
and consignments of others, and not willing to account 
fairly and pay their Creditors, have by the favour of 
Governors bin put in these Judicial places, by which 
they engage the com'on interest in their defence and 
protection. And this together with the difficulty in 
recovering debts, is the cheif reason that the Brittish 
Merchants are worse used by their factors in America 
then in any other part of the world, which they pro- 
verbially attribute to the effect of the Climate, being 
ignorant of the true Cause. 

It is the interest of those who inhabit the Planta- 
tions to break (if they can) the Laws by which they 
are restrained from Trading with any Nation but 
Brittain. and they do frequently break them, to our 
great prejudice, are safe in so doing, being both partys 
and Judges. 

In the said Grand Court for tryal of Crimes; Mur- 
ders, Fellonys, and other great crimes frequently 
escape punishment, when at tlie same time words of 
the least disrespect to the Governor, or other principal 
person's in the Island are severely punished. ( )ne per- 
son for some disrespectful 1 words of the Governor was 
fined two thousand pounds, and laid in Prison till he 
paid it. And another for disrespectfull words to one 
of the Council, was striped naked and whipped at a 
Carts tail through the chief Town, although he was 



1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 351 

then in a sad condition, one of his Armes, and Legs 
being bound up in Splinters, which he had broken a 
few days before. This person had born the late 
Queens Commission as a Lieutenant in the Militia of 
that Island, and had a sufficient Estate to have paid 
any reasonable Fine, and although he did offer and 
earnestly pray the Court to inflict imprisonment, and 
any Fine whatsoever on him, rather then such an 
ignominious punishment, yet he could not prevail. 

Sometimes the said Justices quarrel with each other 
on the Bench in a most scandalous manner, and at one 
Court they shoved and justled the chief Justice, and 
laid their hands on their Swords on the Bench, and 
were going to draw on each other, if a Company of 
the guards had not immediately rushed into Court 
with Muskets charged and presented, with whose 
Assistance one part of the Justices sent the others to 
prison. 

This transaction and the whipping of the aforesaid 
person, were complained of in England, and fully 
proved, and have lain before the Board of Trade for 
about six Years to no purpose. 

It is usual with people in the plantations to engage 
in Suites at Law tho* they are advised against it. they 
know the ignorance of their ( 'ourts. and say they will 
try their luck for they have friends on the Bench. 
This is so groat an encouragement to litigiousness that 
there have bin above nine hundred Causes in one Year 
depending in the aforesaid small Island. To the great 
prejudice of Trade, and Neglect of their Plantations. 

OF PLANTATION GOVERNORS. 

Governments have bin sometimes given as a reward 
for Services done to the Crown, and with design that 
such persons should thereby make their Fortunes. 
But they are generally obtained by the favour of great 
Men to some of their Dependants, or Relations, and 



352 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

they have bin sometimes given to persons who were 
obliged to divide the profit of them with those by 
whose means they were procured. The Qualifications 
of such persons for Government being seldom consid- 
ered. 

The Governor is by his Commission made Captain 
General, Chancellor, Chief Justice, and Admiral, which 
are great and different powers, and can never be justly 
executed by one person, unless he have some reason- 
able knowledge of the matters in which he is to exer- 
cise such powers. This is seldom to be found in one 
man, and never was so in any of the said Governors. 
So that if a Governor should be a good man, and 
intend to do well, yet his want of knowledge in those 
things that most nearly concern the peace and happi- 
ness of the people, will make him subject to many and 
great errors, and the being misled by others; and 
render him utterly incapable of Judging whether the 
inferior parts of the Government under him be rightly 
administred, or of applying fit remedys if it be not. 

Thus the people may be very much oppressed and 
injured, and many Complaints be made of them in 
Brittain, and yet such a Governor may not be so 
blamable, as those who procured his being sent to exe- 
cute powers, of which they knew he was not capable 

A bad Governor invested with all these extraordi- 
nary powers, do's thereupon grow haughty and inso- 
lent, he knows those who had power to put him in, 
have also power to protect him in a great measure 
from all Complaints that may be made against him. 
He knows the great trouble and hazard they must run. 
and the great charge, vexation, loss of time, and 
damage to their Estates, who are forced to take long 
and dangerous Voyages to prosecute him. He knows 
that most of the Planters will rather bear any injury 
then thus seek for an uncertaine redress, and that not 
one Planter in an hundred is able to bear the expence. 



1718] ADMIVISTHATIOX OF GOVKHXOII HUNTER. .".*>.'! 

He likewise is sencible that after they have proved all 
they can against him, the worst that can happen is. 
that after they have spent two or three Years after 
this manner, he may be recalled, when the usual time 
of such Governments is almost expired. And may 
enjoy at quiet in Brittain the fruits of all his oppres- 
sion and rapine. 

Such a Governor sells his Judgments and decrees to 
the highest bidder, and all places both Civil and Milli- 
ta iy without any regard to the fitness of the persons 
to execute them, which multiplies oppressions. He 
protects the inferior Officers and others who pay Him 
yearly pentions, in the neglect and breach of their 
duty; so that all complaints or prosecutions against 
them are in vain. He encourages and protects those 
who declare of his party against all others in their 
insults, oppressions, and violence. The greatest crimes 
committed by any of his party escape unpunished, and 
the smallest trans-gressions in the other are magnified 
into the greatest crimes. By arts and violence he 
forces the people to chuse such members for the gen- 
erall assembly as he knows will consent to the raising 
of most money by taxes on the people, which is done 
on pretence of building, or repairing forts, storing- 
Magazines, and other publick uses of the place; but 
really with design to get most of it for himself in a 
covert manner. 

These things are not aggravated, but much less said 
of them then might have bin with truth. This is 
apparent by the following fact, which was done about 
eight years since. 

The person above mentioned who paid the two thou- 
sand pounds fine for words spoke by him against a 
Governor, did afterwards complain to the late Queen, 
of the said proceedings, and excessive punishment; 
whereupon he obtained an order to have said mony 
returned him by the Governor, who had received it. 
23 



354 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

The Governor enraged that he was ordered to part 
with the monv, resolved on a more severe revenge, and 
with the assistance of a person he used to employ on 
such occasions, suhorned one to swear High Treason 
against the aforesaid Person used him severely, and 
threatened to hang him in a few days, giving out, and 
making the prisoner believe, that he had two possitive 
witnesses against him. 

The Treason he was charged with, was a Confeder- 
acy with the French Governor of Martinico to deliver 
up severall Brittish Islands into the hands of the 
French King. The prisoner (who was a weak sickly 
old man near seventy years of age) to save his life, and 
obtain his Liberty, was at last forced to give the said 
two thousand pounds privately to the Governor. 
Whereupon he was delivered out of prison without any 
Tryall, or being bound to appear at any Court to An- 
swer it. 

The acquiting of him in this manner, was alone a 
Violent cause to presume he was not guilty of any 
Treason, and that he had bought his Liberty of the 
Governor. 

Full proof of all this matter was afterwards exhibit- 
ed to the late Queen and Council, and laid before the 
Board of Trade. 

And the Generall Assembly of the Island made a 
full representation thereof in the most zealous man- 
ner, humbly praying Her Majestys protection for their 
Lives, Liberties, and Estates. 

All which produced no other effect then the paying 
back of fifteen hundred pounds of money by the Gov- 
ernors Agent who had received it: and this was done 
by Composition the person greived loosing the rest. 
And no person was punished, or any effectual remedy 
advised or proposed by the Board of Trade against such 
wrongs for the future. 

All Nations but the Brittains have Civil Governors, 



1718] ADMINISTRATION 6r GOVERNOR fiUNTEB. 355 

or Chief Justices, in their Collonys as well as Military. 
They rightly Judge that no person can administer 
Justice, but those who understand it. And till it be 
so with us, no Plantation can be well Governed. 



OF APPEALS AND COMPLAINTS FROM THE PLANTATIONS 

As Appeals to the Prince from inferiour Jurisdic- 
tions, are the rights of the Subjects in all Nations they 
would contribute very much towards Keeping Gov- 
ernors, and Plantation Courts in awe, if they were al- 
lowed from thence, as was formerly practised. 

But in the Year 1689, the Governors by their Instruc- 
tions were directed not to suffer any Appeal to be 
made to the King, unless the Estate, or matter con- 
tended for, did amount to the value of five hundred 
pounds. 

This Instruction covered the Governours and Courts 
from an Inspection into their Conduct in all cases of a 
less value, thereby giving them the ultimate Jurisdic- 
tion in all other cases. And Whereas most of the 
Suites amongst them concern Traffick, and not one in 
fifty of so great a Value, their power was thereby 
made absolute in all the rest. 

This has subjected the people to many grievous 
wrongs, but it has made Governments and Judicial 
places worth more mony when they are sold. 

In many cases whereby the said Instruction Gov- 
ernors ought to allow appeals, they frequently refuse 
them, pretending that the Land, Estate, or Negro 
Slaves sued for are not of the value of £500 tho' they 
are worth much more. Some have bin forced to come 
from the Plantations, and on a Petition to King get 
leave to appeal, and then return to the Plantations, 
and come back again with then Appeal, and with the 
papers and writings necessary for the prosecution of 
it. And thus they are forced to two or three long 



356 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

Voyages, with great hazard, expence, and loss of time, 
before they can obtain Justice. 

Where Appeals have bin made against Sentences 
and Judgments of the Courts, and all the proceedings 
and Records transmitted under the Seal of the Planta- 
tion, it is not to be doubted but Justice has bin done, 
the whole matter appearing by such papers, and the 
ultimate Judgment given by the King in Council. 

But on complaints of grievances, and of many great 
oppressions, which have not been done in a Judicial 
way, and where the proceedings were not of Record, 
and consequently could not be proved so fully before 
the King, as in the aforesaid Case of Appeals, the 
persons injured meet with unsupportable difficultys 
and have seldom bin relieved on their complaints. 

These Complaints are commonly against Governors, 
who being the Chancellours have the keeping of the 
great Seal of the Collony, and will not suffer it to be 
put to any papers that may be used against them, un- 
till a speciall order for that purpose can be obtained 
from the King. 

This forces those who have cause to complain to ad- 
dress themselves first by Petition to the King, praying 
to have his Majestys Order tb the Governor command- 
ing Him to let them have copys of such Records and 
Papers as they want, attested under the Broad Seal. 
Which being obtained and carried to America, they 
may be able after a Year or two thus spent, to return 
again to Brittain prepared to prove their grievances. 

But as it very seldom happens that such oppressions 
can be fully proved without the Depositions of Wit- 
nesses, and as there is no Law by which Witnesses can 
be compelled to depose in such extrajudicial Cases, or 
any power in the Plantations, except the Governors 
themselves to take their Depositions, and return them 
autlxentically to Brittain, if they were willing to be ex- 
amined, for this reason it often happens that the great- 
est wrongs done there cannot be proved in Brittain. 



1718] \ r»M I MSTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR IH'NTER. 357 

And whore the persons oppressed can prevail with 
Witnesses to come over from the Plantations, they 
must bear the expence of it, and likewise pay them for 
their trouble, hazard, and loss of time, which with 
their own charges in the prosecution, may amount to 
above a thousand pounds. This is what few of the 
Planters can bear, and several have been ruined by it. 

This sort of Complaints are begun by Petition to the 
King in Council, upon leading it there, it is referred 
to the Board of Trade, to examine into the matters 
complained of, and report their opinion to his Maj- 
esty. 

As these complaints are alw r ays grounded upon 
breaches of the Laws, Constitutions, and rules of Gov- 
ernment in force in the Plantations, of which no per- 
sons can Judge truly, or make any reasonable report 
to the King, without having a perfect knowledge of 
the Plantations, and of their Laws, and Constitutions; 
as likewise of the Laws of Brittain, so that there be- 
ing seldom or never hitherto any such person in the 
said Commission, the Subject of such Complaints has 
seldom bin truly understood by the Board, and conse- 
quently could not be rightly reported by them to the 
King, whereby his American Subjects have failed of 
that Justice, and relief they otherwise might have 
had. 

That Board having found it difficult to make such 
reports as they ought in such Cases have kept the 
matters referred to them a long time under their con- 
sideration, and have had severall hearings of thepartys 
concerned, who have frequently bin forced to attend 
above twelve Months, before they were able to get a 
report made to the King. 

The said Commissioners having power by their Com- 
mission to examine Witnesses on Oath, but alway re- 
fusing to exercise that power (as it is necessary they 
should) they are' thereby the less able t<> make their re- 



358 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

ports with exactness and truth. The not exercising 
such a power, has occasioned much Confusion, variety 
of opinions and different proceedings at that Board at 
several times. The Board have sometimes directed 
the party concerned to carry their Witnesses to a Mas- 
ter in Chancery, and get the Depositions taken in 
writing, which they have after received as Evidence. 

At other times they have refused to receive such 
Depositions as evidence, and at the same time have 
admitted the examination of persons viva voce, who 
were not upon Oath. And at other times have allowed 
nothing to be good Evidence, but what came over from 
the Plantations under their Broad Seals. 

This uncertainty and variety in their proceedings 
has often produced more trouble, and greater oppres- 
sions then what were at first complained of, and gen- 
erally their reports to the King amount to little more 
then giving their opinion, that the Complaints and 
proofs should be sent back to the Governor for his an- 
swer. 

The Governors generally delay their Answer as long 
as they can, and after their Answers are returned to 
Brittain, there is usually so much time spent in a fur- 
ther consideration of them, that their Governments ex- 
pire, and they are recalled before there be a final de- 
termination. And so the matter commonly ends, the 
persons wronged knowing they can have no further 
relief on the said Complaints. 

Thus after two or three, and sometimes four or five 
Years excessive charge and trouble, and severall long 
Voyages from the other part of the World, the un- 
happy American Subjects are forced to bear their op- 
pressions. 

OF THE COUNCIL FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS. 

The Board was erected about fifteen Years since, as 
has bin before observed. By their Commission they 
are directed to enquire into the severall obstructions of 



1718] A bMIXIStRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 359 

Trade, and the means of removing the same And 
particularly to inform themselves of the condition of 
the respective Plantations, as well with regard to the 
Government and administration of Justice in those 
places, as the Commerce thereof. And to consider 
how the Collonys there may be eased, and secured, and 
rendered more beneficial to England. To look into 
Governors Instructions, and see what is fit to be added 
omitted or changed in them. To take an account 
yearly by way of Journal of the administrations of 
such Governments. To hear Complaints of oppres- 
sions and Male- Administrations from the Planta- 
tions. To examine into and weigh such Acts as shall 
be passed in the Plantation Assemblys, and to consider 
whether they are fit for his Majesty to consent to, and 
establish for Laws. And upon these and severall other 
heads to make representations to his Majesty of such 
regulations as are fit to be made in the Plantations. 
As by a Copy of the said Commission will more fully 
appear. 

If this power had bin always vested in persons of 
knowledge and Integrity, to whom the plantation Af- 
fairs were well known and unanimous in the design of 
promoting the publick service only, it might have pro- 
duced much good. But there having bin many per- 
sons at severall times put into that Commission for 
different reasons then their ability to discharge such a 
trust (as is well known) it has not hitherto produced 
such effects as might be expected from it. And it was 
impossible that Board should make a right Judgment 
of wrongs, oppressions, and Male administrations, and 
of Acts, sent from the Plantations to be passed into 
Laws, or be able to represent what regulations were 
fit to be made in the Governments, and administration 
of Justice, unless some at that Board had a perfect and 
personal knowledge of the nature of the Plantations, 
and of the people, as likewise of their different Laws 
and Constitutions. 



360 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

Many instances might be here given of many incred- 
ible things done, and omitted by that Board, but since 
the design of this is not to reflect on past miscarriages 
but to prevent the like for the future, and since there 
is now reason to expect from his Majesty's Wisdom, 
and the Justice and prudence of his ministers that the 
said Councill will be in a short time better filled, 1 w< > 
instances need only be now mentioned. 

They are by the said Commission directed to exam- 
ine and look into the usual Instructions given to Gov- 
ernors, and to see if anything may be added, omitted 
or changed therein to advantage. As likewise to con- 
sider what trades are taken up and exercised in the 
Plantations which are or may be prejudicial to Eng- 
land. They have accordingly had the consideration 
and setling of all such Instructions, in which never- 
theless a clause has bin constantly incerted command- 
ing Governors to endeavour, and encourage the setting 
of Workhouses to set the poor at work, and many 
Manufactures are made in the Collonys on the Conti- 
nent of America, which encrease daily, so that in time 
they may supply our Sugar Collonys, as well as them- 
selves with things that make a great part of our Brit- 
ish Trade, to our great prejudice, and contrary to the 
Pollicy of all other Nations. 

They likewise continue the aforesaid Instructions 
against Appeals, and have bin so far from advising a 
change thereof, that about thirteen Years since, when 
on the Petition of many Merchants, and Planters 
about it, a Committee of the Privy Council made a re- 
port that it should be altered; the then Board of Trade 
made an Interest to have it referred backto them, and 
on their report it has bin continued. 

THE WAV TO PRESERVE AND IMPROVE THE PLANTATION 

TRADE. 

This may be best done by a good Council for Trade 
and Plantations, filled with persons of Integrity, and 



1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUXTTR. 361 

resolution, and fit for the Buisness they arc imploy- 
ed in. 

In order to this besides one or two Lords, which are 
usually in that Commission, there might be one or two 
persons of Note, who well understand the Constitution 
and Affairs of Brittain, and if they have bin Embassa- 
dors, or Envoys abroad they may be the better quali- 
fied. Two Merchants of reputation, who have bin 
concerned in General Trade, and have given it over, 
are likewise necessary. And as the Plantations are to 
be the greatest part of their province, it is necessary 
there should be some at that Board who have lived in 
the Plantations, and have a perfect and personal 
knowledge of them, and especially of their Laws, Cus- 
toms, and Constitutions of their severall Courts, as 
likewise of the Laws of Brittain, it being impossible to 
understand perfectly the Laws of the Plantations with- 
out the other, most of the English Laws being in force 
in the Plantations. 

If any who have bin plantation Governors, or others 
who have served the Crown in Superior Stations in 
America, have done their Duty, and have behaved 
themselves with an unblamed Integrity, such persons 
might not only be of great Service at that Board, but 
their employment in that Commission would be a great 
encouragement to all others in the Service of the 
Crown in America to behave themselves well, when 
they have such a prospect of being employed after 
their returne to Brittain. This alone would produce 
many good effects. 

But as such Commissioners if they do their Duty 
may be forced to disobliege many Governors, and 
other great men, by whom such Governors may be 
favoured and supported in Brittain, it will be absolute- 
ly necessary to encourage them, that they be personally 
known to the King, and not removable from that 
Board, without some fault and his Majesties immediate 



362 A.DMTMSTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

knowledge. Such a Council would be able to make 
proper observations on the State of the Plantations, 
and every thing concerning them, and full representa- 
tions thereof to his Majesty from time to time on 
which fit remedy s may be apply ed. As no part of the 
Brittish Dominions has bin hitherto so little under- 
stood, and so much neglected, so there is more room 
there then in any other part of the Kings Dominion 
for the gaining much Honour to the Administration 
of his Government and much good to his Subjects. 

As a great part of his Majesties personal Revenue 
arises on the Plantation Trade, as well as of the pub- 
lick revenue, so both these are fallen by the decay of 
the Plantation Trade, and will encrease when that 
is improved. There is likewise a casual revenue 
arrising to his Majesty in all the Plantations, which if 
well managed might amount to a good sume; but by 
neglect, connivance, and fraud, it is now become so 
little, that it is scarce thought of. His Majestys Hon- 
our and Interest is more peculiarly concerned in the 
good Government of the Plantations, then in any 
other of his Brittish Dominions, for his power is great- 
er over them, then over any other of his Subjects. 

All Appeals from thence are determined by his 
Majesty in Council and not by the House of Lords, as 
they are from the rest of his Dominions His Maj- 
esty has power to repeal any of the Plantation Laws, 
without the concurrence of the Plantation Assembly s 
by whom they were made, or of any whatsoever. 
Which cannot be done in the rest of his Dominions. 

He has power to errect any new Courts of Justice. 
or to change those already established And in most 
things the will of the Sovereign has hitherto bin the 
Law of the Plantations. 

October the K h 1714. 



1718] ADMINISTRATION Of GOVERNOR HUNTER. 3ft3 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade — 
— about New Jersey Affairs. 

[From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey, Vol. II. D 80.] 

N. York, y e 8 d May 1718 

My Lords 

The New Jersey affairs require but little room, in 
the main all is easy and like to continue so, in spite of 
the continued endeavours of these restless men who 
had misled the people, of which they are now sensible 
I mett the Assembly but it being their busy Seed time, 
at their own desire I let them adjourn til the fall of 
the Year, enclos'd your Ldships have what I said to 
them, and their answer, they have given me all pos- 
sible assurances of settling a Revenue for a longer term 
at their next meeting. 

I was lay'd under an absolute necessity of nomi- 
nating two Councellors for each division, Reading 
Huddy and Parker being, lead. Deacon and Byerly un- 
able to attend through age and infirmity, and m' Ham- 
ilton's being called to Boston on the business of the 
Post Office under his care, the Gentlemen I have ap- 
pointed for the Eastern division are John Johnston 
Jun r , and John Parker both of very good aestates, and 
capacity, resident in the Province and zealously well 
affected to His Majesty and his service, those for the 
Western are Peter Fretwell and John Hugg wealthy 
sensible men, but Quakers both or reputed so, the ses- 
sion was so short that the two last did not come in 
time, I humbly beg for His Majestys confirmation of 
these for with them the number stands thus, only ten 
in Number 

Lewis Morris. George Deacon. Thomas Gordon John 
Hamilton John Anderson, Thomas Byerly John John 



H64 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

ston, John Parker Esqs. Peter Frettwell and John 
Hugg are not yet qualified 

I have not had the honour of any of your Ldships 
Commands for several months past I am with all due 
honor 

My Lords 
Your L d ships most humble and Most obedient Servant 

Ro: Hunter 



Governor Hunters Message and Speech to the 
New Jersey Assembly April 19th and 20th 
1718. [enclosed in the foregoing letter.] 

Mr Speaker 

The Absence of the Gentlemen of the Councill 
Obliges me to dispence with some Customary forms, 
and least business Should Stand Still to Supply that 
want by this message, in the meantime I shall take 
care according to the Powers granted me to have a 
Sufficient number of that Board here Present before 
anything that you may have under yo r Consideration 
Shall necessarily require their Assistance. 

That w ! 1 in my Opinion requires at this time yo r at- 
tention & more immediate care is the Support of His 
Majestys Governm* in and over this Province the Pro- 
vision made for that Expiring in a few months by it's 
Short Limitation 

As to measures for advancing or rather for giving a 
being to Trade amongst you the Generality has Shew M 
Such Aversion to Solid ones, and others Such a fond- 
ness for Imaginary or ruinous ones that without the 
virtue and Resolution of serving those whom you Rep- 
present against their inclination yo- Endeavours will be 
to little Purpose But if anything of that nature fall 
under yo r Deliberation, 1 cannot think of a better 
Ghiyde than a Just inspection into the State of Trade 



L718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 365 

in other Provinces, where it is in a Good and flourish- 
ing Condition the means hy w c . h it became So can be 
no mysteries, where it is otherways or has decay 'd 
you'll find the true Causes of Such decay Conspicuous 
and it is but a Rational!. Conclusion That what has 
Destroyed Trade, or that on which it depends Creditt 
in One Place cannot he the most Proper means either 
to begin it or Preserve it in another. 

I am to acquaint you that the General Assembly of 
New York have Impowered and enabled me to appoint 
proper persons for running the Division Line betwixt 
this Province and that in Conjunction w th Such Sur- 
veyors And Comissarys as Shall be nominated for this, 
In Ord- to prevent future Disputes & Disquiet And to 
do Justice to the Proprietors on the Berders of both a 
like Law for that purpose is necessary here. 

Former Assemblies or Sessions of this have Passed 
so many Laws for the ease of the Subject that there 
is not much left for that kind as fan* as I can disern 
for you to do, but if any more can be thought of if 
they are consistant with the rights and powers of the 
Govern m? and true Interest of the People I promise 
you my assent to them 

All this I desire may be by you Communicated to 
the House and Representatives 

Ro: Hunter. 
Amboy y« 19V 1 of Ap! 1718 



Gentlemen 

The message which I sent in writing to the Speaker 
Yesterday to be Comunicated to you makes it unneces- 
sary to detain you long by Saying much now, I shall 
only put you in mind agam that the funds for Support 
of Governm 1 Expire in Sep 1 next & as all Assemblys 
w ch have met Since my arrival Amongst you have taken 
due Care of that I cannot doubt of yours, I know there 
are Some (I hope none of vol" Number) who would if 



366 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

it were in their power obstruct it in order to throw the 
blame upon Innocent Men, w ch has been formerly very 
Conspicuous, or perhaps from a Reall Aversion to all 
Grovernm- for as to my administration in Particular I 
think I have taken Care to Govern myself in Such 
manner Y? malice itself Should have no handle To Lay 
of, You must give me leave to boast of this, his Ma^ 
the most Indulgent Father of his People having 
thought fit to declare so by his Ord r to the Secretary of 
State to informe the Lord Comm™ of Trade, that he 
was well pleased w ,h my Administration in this Prov- 
ince & at a time when the unweared disturbers of your 
Peace (mine they never Rufled) had laid before him or 
his Ministers every thing w ch they thought might be 
be construed — The best Return I can make for Such 
Condescention is to have before my Eyes In all my ac- 
tions, that Justice & goodness So peculiar to him as my 
great example and Guide in Governing y! part of his 
people w ch he has intrusted to my Care, if you think 
there is any due from you, for it was made in regard 
to yo^ Peace, I shall not doubt but y- you will make it 
in y e most dutifull & thankfull manner 

Ro: Hunter 
[April 20 th 1718] 



Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King — 
upon the Petition of several 'Traders relating to 
the act allowing the affirmation of Quakers. 

From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey, Vol. XIII. p. WO.] 

To the King's most Excell? Majesty. 

May it please Your Majesty, 

In Obedience to Your Majesty's Order in Council of 
the 16 th of March last, referring to Us the Petition of 
Several Persons, Stiling themselves Inhabitants and 
Traders to Your Majesty's Province of New Jersey in 
America, relating to An Act passed in that Province 



1718J AD\UNFSTI;ATIo.\ OF GOVERNOR Hl'NTKi;. 367 

allowing the Affirmation and Declaration of the People 
called Quakers to be accepted instead of an Oath in 
the usual Form, and for qualifying d'- Enabling titan 
to serve as Jurors, and to Execute any Office or Place 
of Trust <>r Profit within the Said Province: Praying 
that Your Majesty's Approbation of the said Act may 
be Stay'd, until the Laws be considered, & the Peti- 
tioners heart I by their Council, and that the said Act 
may be disallowed or the Petitioners have such other 
Relief as to Your Majesty's great wisdom Shall Seem 
meet; We have considered the said Petition, andthere 
upon humbly take leave to Represent to Your Majesty 

That the Act above mentioned was passed in Your 
Majesty's said Province of New Jersey in March 1713, 
which lay by till Decern- 1717, when having no com- 
plaints against it and the Gov! on the other hand hav- 
ing Represented to Us. that the said Act was absolute- 
ly necessary for Strengthening the hands of Y r our 
Majesty's Governm* there. We consulted Your Maj- 
esty's Solicitor Gen! upon it. and in Jan' v last We hum- 
blp represented that we had no Objection to the said 
Acts receiving your Majesty's Royal Conlimation 
Whereupon your Majesty by your Orders in Council 
of the 13 th of Feb'ry last, was pleased to approve the 
Said Act, and the S d Order was transmitted by Us to 
the Gov r the 20 th of March last. 

We further humbly take leave to observe that Your 
Majesty's Order of Reference upon the Complaint 
made against the above mentioned Act is dated the 
16 th of March last, but was not deliver'd t< > us till the 
10 th Instant (near 3 Months after your Majesty's Order 
of Confirmation was sent away) before which time We 
had no notice of any Complaint against the said Act. 
which is most humbly Submitted 

Cha: Cooke 
Tho Pelham 
Whitehall Dan 1 ; [Jn°] Pulteney 

June lb th 1718 Mart: Blades 



368 



ADMINISTRATION OF (JOVHKMiR HUNTER. 



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1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 378 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade 
— returning old seal, &c. 

[.From P. R O. B. T.. New Jersey, Vol. II, D. 84 | 

Letter from Brigdf Hunter, GovT of N Jersey, 
transmitting y e Old Seal of y* Province & 
rectifying a Mistake about M r Geo. Deacon, 
one of the Council there. 

New York July y e ll th 1718. 
Mtj Lords 

Since the writeing of these of the 7 th Inst 1 I have 
had a ( Council in the Jerseys In which I broke the old 
Seale according to His Ma'tys Commands, and by the 
Same Ship (which is still here by Contrary winds) I 
herewith Send it to your Lo'sps. 

I humbly Intreat your Lo'sps to be pleased to rectify 
Something In the Letters for New Councellers by an 
Order or Instruction, It relates to George Deacon who is 
to be Superseded by John Wells, it is true he is very old 
and not able to travel far but has constantly attended 
when Councills have been held in that division where 
he lives and has been a Just and faithfull Servant to 
the Crown In all times, and this I am afraid will 
break the old Mans heart. I humbly presume that it 
must have proceeded from some mistake. For there is a 
vacancy in that division by the death of John Reading- 
Esq" And then the Council stands Thus. Lewis Mor- 
ris, George Deacon, Thomas Gordon, John Hamilton, 
John Anderson, Thomas Byeasley, David Lyal — John 
Johnston Jun r John Parker Peter Fretwell and John 
Wells So that there is Still one vacancy for John Hugg 
formerly recommended. 1 I humbly beg pardon for 

1 John Hugg was approved of by Council July 2d, 1718, — Ed. 



374 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

this second trouble in that affaire Supposeing the mis- 
take may have proceeded from misapprehending of 
what I had formerly wrote on that Subject I am with 
the greatest honor and gratitude 
My Lords 
Your Ld 3ps Most Humble And Most Obed* Servant 

Ko: Hunter. 



Letter from the Secretary of the Lords of Trade to 
Governor Hunter — about the Members of the 
Council of New Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. XIII, p. 444.] 

To Brigf Hunter. 

Sir 

Since the Boards letter to you of the 20 tL of March 
last, they have received Yours of y e 3 d of May follow- 
ing, relating to Your GovemmJ of the Jerseys, and 
have commanded me to acquaint you 

That they are very glad that all things in the Jerseys 
are So easy at present, and they doubt not but that by 
your prudent Managem! they will continue so. 

They take notice of what you write about the Coun- 
cillors, but as there seems to be some Mistake either in 
your Letter or in y u Entries in their Books (which 
however were made from your former Letters) I am 
to take Notice, that Peter Fret well and John Wells 
were recommended by the Board in Nov!' last for the 
Western Division, in the Eoom of hugh Hoddy, and 
George Deacon, & Jn° Parker for the Eastern, in the 
room of Elisha Parker and his Majesty was pleased to 
appoint them of y? Council accordingly. The Orders 
were Sent you by M r Bampfield, who took them out, 
that the publick business might not be retarded for 
want of a due Number of Councillors. 



1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 375 

Upon this I am to remind you of the Necessity of 
having an Agent, well instructed in the Affairs of the 
Province, in order to be ready to answer to such Ques- 
tions as may from time to time be proposed to him, 
and to defray such Charges as the Service of the Prov- 
ince requires. 

But that they may be the better inf orm'd of the true 
State of the Council, I send you here inclosed a List of 
them as they Stand upon Our Books, for Your Obser- 
vations there upon. You will perceive that by this 
List there is no Vacancy in the Eastern Division, So 
that Jit? Johnston jun! whom you Say you have put 
in, is Supernumerary for that Division and ought not 
to have been ad mitted 

In the Western Division there seems to be two 
wanting, but as they are not Sure how the Fact really 
is, they have only recommended Jn° Hugg for his 
Majesty's Confirmation till they hear further from you. 

They find that formerly Miles Foster John Kead and 
Adam Hudd, [Hude] were recommended by you for 
the Eastern Division & Jn? Harrison Rob* Wheeler 
and John Bainbridge, for the Western. And as they 
are not of those put into the Council by you, they 
desire to know whether they are dead, and if not, 
what reasons you had, for putting other persons not 
before recommended instead of those you had formerly 
named, as well qualify'd for that Post. I am further 
to desire you would send their Lordships a new list of 
Six persons for each Division, that they may not for 
y e future be at uncertainties. 

It being for His Majesty's Service, that this Board 
be at all times acquainted with y" absence of Council- 
lors from their Posts in y e Plantations; their Lordships 
Command me to desire that when ever you give leave 
to any Member of His Majesty's Council in your Gov- 
erning to be absent from his Post, that Such leave be 
under your hand and seal & that you forthwith trans- 



376 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

mit to their Lordships a Copy of such Licence of 
Leave, as also an Account when such Councihf de- 
parted Your Governm* and to what place he is gone. 

Least you should have misunderstood what their 
Lordships writ you the 16 th of May 1717. I am to 
observe to you, that by the first Clause of the Act of 
Navigation mentioned in the 3 d Article of your 
Instructions relating to the Acts of Trade, No Foreign 
Ships are to be allowed to Trade into His Majesty's 
Plantations, But their Lordships are of Opinion that 
British Ship's cannot be condemned nor their Lading- 
confiscated only for Trading to or from Foreign Plan- 
tations, provided that Trade be not carry'd on in any 
manner contrary to the Laws of this Kingdom or of 
New Jersey, whereby the Ships or Ladings might be 
liable to be confiscated. However their Lordships 
think you will do well to observe your last Orders so 
far as to discourage this way of Trading which is con- 
trary to the Treaties of Peace, tho' not contrary to 
Our Laws I am 

Sir Your most Obedient humble Servf 

Whitehall July 23 d 1718 W* Popple 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple — 
about New Jersey Council. 

[FromN. Y. Ool. Docks., Vol. V. p. 521.1 

To William Popple Esq: 

Sir [Extract.] 

In my former letters to their Lord 1 " I have in effect 
answer'd to what you writ in relation to the Council 
of the Jersey's But there is a mistake in that list of 
Councillors you sent me, for W'" Morris has been dead 
many years and never was in the Council, so that there 



1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEKNOB lllNTI.i;. 3 ', ", 

is room for John Johnstoun in the Eastern Division 1 
& for the confirmation of the good old man Geo: Dea- 
con for the Western. Of those formerly recommended 
Miles Forster, & Rob 1 Wheeler are dead and John 
Bainbridge become altogether unfit by age and hard 
drinking. For the Eastern Div n I continue my recom- 
mend" in case of vacancies for John Reid, Adam Hude, 
John Johnstoun & Thorn" Leonard, & John Harrison 
is now of the Geir 1 Assembly but he is of the Eastern 
Division also. . For the Western John Reiding son of 
the deceased of that name, Peter Baird Merchant & 
Inliab 4 of Burlington, John Muirhead & Anthony 
Woodward, but before I can venture to recommend 
more I mast be better advised. 

I am with great respect 

Sir Your most obed 1 humble Serv 1 
New York Nov' 3, 1718 Ro: Hunter 



Letter from James Logan to George Willocks — relative 

to the Division line between the Provinces. 

From the original among Paris Papers in the possession of the N. J. Hist. Society, 
West Jersey Bundle 6, No. 7.] 

To George Willocks Esq, at Perth Amboy 

Esteemed (friend 

The Council of Proprietors for the Western Division 
of New Jersey being informed at their Meeting in 
November last that the persons who had purchased 
Lands in Whippening Neck had been disturbed by 



1 Under date of July 7th, Gov. Hunter had written to the Lords of Trade: " I 
have * * received His Majesty's letter nominating John Parker, Peter Fretwell 
and John Wells of the Council for that Province [New Jersey] ; I beg the same 
favour for John Johnston Junr in order to keep the equality, Mr. Fretwell and Mr. 
Wells being of the Western Division." John Johnson, Jr., John Reading and Peter 
Baird were appointed May 31st, 1720.— Ed. 



378 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

Some Proprietors of the Eastern Division who on some 
late Discovery claimed all the Said neck as belonging 
to East Jersey, they took the whole matter into con- 
sideration, of which I purposed before this time to 
have acquainted thee personally at Amboy, but that 
being deferred, I think it proper to doe it now by 
writing, that we may in some measure be prepared 
against the Meeting of the Assembly. 

The Partition by which both Divisions Seem to have 
governed themselves for about thirty years past is that 
w ch was made between R Barclay & D Coxe in 1688, of 
which I procured a Copy and because it Seems to refer 
wholly to J Reids printed Map I furnished my Self 
with that also. 

The matter of Controversy is the Line from the 
North branch of Rariton to Passaiak River. This you 
would have to be from Allametunck to Rockaway 
River, which last because it Suits you best you would 
make your Passaiak, but how unjustly we Shall See. 

As those Gentlemen in London could have nothing 
to direct them but y e draughts laid before them, tis 
plain from their own Instrum 1 of Partition that J 
Reids map was their guide. This divides the North 
Branch of Rariton into two others, by which we con- 
ceive nothing else could be intended than Pepeck and 
Allametunck, and as the Map makes the Eastermost 
of these two, which of the two must be Pepeck about 
twice as large as the other, that branch So described 
must certainly be what they intended by the largest 
Stream or Current of Water belonging to y e N. Branch 
of Rariton, but upon y e Spott it is found it Seems to be 
less than y e other therefore quitting y e Intention you 
adhere to y e words, and without regard to y e Design 
have laid hold on Allametunck, & because not hitherto 
controverted, take it for granted So far the Letter of 
y e Agreem 1 has best Served you, but when it will no 
longer doe So, it must be forsaken it Seems and by 



1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 379 

Passaiak is not to be understood the River it Self which 
has hitherto been called So but y e nearest water that 
runs into it. Tho' I appeal to your Selves and to thy 
Self particularly, whether you doe not know that the 
blew hills laid down in y e Map by y e Side of Passaiak 
doe not truly run in that manner by y e Side of what 
we and every body else hitherto have called Passaiak 
but principally whether you have not Lands and 
Patents for them on Record laid out on Passaiak by 
name, and Scituate on y e Same Passaiak by an actual 
Survey or location before the date of that Agreem 1 in 
16S8 above the mouth of Rockaway River. If So, how- 
ever strongly Interest Sways I hope you will have too 
much honour ever to insist on this farther. You 
alledge indeed that you ought to have one half of y e 
Province but that you have not by any Division hith- 
erto made near your Share w ch will naturally be fullly 
answered on the next head viz 

Ever since I have been concerned in y e Jersies I 
have mett with a party who have been violently bent 
on Standing by y c first Partition from little Egg Har- 
bour to y e Northern point on Delaware River, com- 
monly called the Quinquepartite Line, because of the 
Deed by which it was made, and their Clamours about 
this have obliged me to consider the whole of y c divi- 
sion as far as I was capable, and upon it I must con- 
fess that I think what they have to say is in Law 
unanswerable, ffor. 

It appears, that this Division was made by the two 
Parties only in whom y e whole Province was vested, 
that Billing and his Trustees Sold only Shares of that 
Land which lay on y e Western Side of that Line as 
particularly mentioned in each particular Deed And 
S r G. Carteret or his Lady Sold only Shares of what 
lay on y e Eastern Side of the Same Line mentioned 
also in every particular Deed from them. This fully 
answers y e Complaint of an Inequality in y e Division, 



380 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1718 

for tho' the Eecitals Say that y e L d Berkely and S r G 
Carteret had the whole granted to them in equal 
Shares, yet as the Same Recitals tell us, that they or 
their assigns &c agreed mutually on a Division, and 
each party Sells to y e Proprietors according to that 
Division had Carteret taken up with the town of Ber- 
gen alone, in lieu of his half, none that derived from 
him while 'tis expressly Said the Sales are made in 
pursuance of that agreem\ could ever claim any more, 
And if any other Division were to be afterw lls made it 
could not be done by any others than all the Proprie- 
tors themselves, on both Sides, that had made any 
under Purchases. It was therefore extreamly absurd 
in the two Governours, and Seems to be of a piece 
with the Skill of the Draughtsman of y e last partition 
to imagine that any Such thing lay in their power. 
These Western Proprietors alledge that this latter 
Agreem 1 was a Contrivance of y e Eastern, who became 
Sensible of their Disadvantage, which has since 
appeared more clearly Since Delaware is found to 
bend in so much to y e Eastern, that about Maghacka- 
mack it is not above 34 miles or thereabouts distant 
from Hudsons River, w ch is known to run very nearly 
due North & South, and therefore that the old Line 
will cut off to y c Eastern Division a much less portion 
than was expected. As for my own part, I have 
alwayes been of opinion, Since I had any tolerable 
notion of the matter that the case was much like those 
marriages, of which 'tis Said, that they ought not to 
have been made but Since they are made, ought not to 
be broken. Both Sides have broke far in upon the first 
Division, the Eastern Proprietors first by extending 
their Surveys westerly within about Seven Miles of 
Delaware near the flails and y e Western in some 
measure, in other places. Therefore the utmost Con- 
fusion must arise, if all these are to be made void, and 
the people who honestly purchased under the Proprie- 



1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 3S1 

tors, and commonly, I believe, with general War- 
ranties, must be distracted to the last degree. This I 
think we ought in regard to y c publick peace, to 
endeavour by all reasonable means to prevent. But 
Since I am perswaded it is more your Interest on y e 
Eastern side to labour this than it is theirs of the 
western, you ought in my poor Judgem* at least, to 
Shew your Selves disposed to pursue it by y e most ami- 
cable measures, and with a Spirit different from the 
last you have taken. We may please our Selves with 
the thoughts of gaining present Advantages by Address 
and Skilful Manage in* But Lands and the Inheritance 
of them are of Such a nature that no man can be 
Secure of what may follow after that address and skill 
as to his part dies with him. Pray excuse this ffree- 
dom I would not write thus to any but a friend who I 
hope will interpret every thing in the best Sence from 
one who is and desires to continue 

Thine Sincerely 
Philad ia 22 d 10 br 1718 James Logan 1 

Postscript — I ought not to have omitted mentioning 
what I did thro 1 a desire of finishing my Letter with 
the paper, That in case we can come to terms of 
accommedation on the last Division, divers of us will 
use the best of our Interest when we have an oppor- 
tunity to promote on our parts an Act of Assembly 
for confirming that Division, otherwise we must return 
to the quinquepartite Deed, and then endeavour for an 



1 James Logan was descended, originally, from a Scotch family. In the troubles 
of Scotland in the reign of James VI., his grandfather, Robert Logan, was deprived 
of considerable estate, and his father, Patrick Logan, removed in consequence to 
Ireland, taking up his residence at Lurgan. where James was born, who, having 
good abilities and being favored with a suitable education, made considerable pro- 
ficiency in various branches of learning and science, after which he went to Eng- 
land, whence, in 1699, being about twenty-five years old, he accompanied William 
Penn to Pennsylvania, and in 1701 was appointed Secretaiy of the Province and 
Clerk of the Council. He corresponded with several prominent gentlemen of New 
Jersey and other letters from him will be found in this volume.— Ed. 



382 ADMINISTRATION^ OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1719 

Act to Settle in y e best manner that may be, the 
former Purchasers in their Posessions if that be practi- 
cable; w dl doubtless it is not without great Difficulty. 
I am as before Thine J. L. 



Report of the Solicitor General upon the act Natural- 
izing Jacob Arents and his children. 

[From P. R. 0. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. II, D. 88.J 

M r Sol ; Gen 1 ? Eeport npon an Act passed in New 
Jersey to naturalize Jacob Arents & his 
three Children. 

To the Right honourable the Lords Commis- 
sioners for Trade and Plantations. 

My Lords 

In obedience to Your Lordships Commands signified 
to me by William Popple Esq? the 10V of December 
last I have consider'd the bill to naturalize Jacob 
Arents and his three Children in New Jersey and as 
such naturalization can have the effect to give them a 
right to enjoy the priviledges of natural born Subjects 
in that Province only I don't see any objection to the 
passing this Act since the Assembly there think them 
proper objects of that favour 

I am My Lords Your Lordships 

Most Obedient Humble Srv 1 

5 th March 1718-9 W M Thomson 



Commission of New York Commissioners and Survey- 
ors to run the Line between New York and New 
Jersey. 

[From Papers of F. J. Paris in Library of N. J. Hist. Society, Vol. A, No. 13.] 

George by the Grace of God King of Great Britain 
France and Ireland Defender of the Faith &c a To all 



1/19] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 383 

to whom these presents shall come Greeting Know Yee 
that we Reposing Especial trust and confidence in the 
prudence Integrity and ability of our trusty & Well- 
beloved subjects Robert Walter Isaac Hicks and Allan 
Gerard [Jarratt] Esq'? have Commissionated assigned 
Authorized Impowered and appointed and by these 
presents do Commissionate assign Authorize impower 
and appoint the said Robert Walter and Isaac Hicks 
Commissioners and the said Allan Gerard [Jarratt] 
Surveyor for the Province of New York that they the 
said Commissioners and Surveyor in Conjunction with 
the Commissioners and Surveyor or Surveyors ap- 
pointed or to be appointed upon the part and behalf of 
our Province of New Jersey carefully and diligently 
inspect and Survey all or such of the Streams of water 
that formes the River Delaware which they the said 
Commissioners or the Surveyor or Surveyors may 
esteem necessary to be inspected or Surveyed in order 
to find out and determine which of the Streams is the 
Northermost branch of the River Delaware and that 
then when such Branch is so discovered that the said 
Surveyor or Surveyors carefully according to the best 
of their knowledge and understanding discover and 
find out that place of the said Northermost Branch of 
Delaware River that lyes in the Latitude of Forty one 
degrees and forty minutes which is the North Parti- 
tion Point of New York and New Jersey. And for 
the better preserving and perpetuating the knowledge 
of the said North Partition Point Wee do hereby 
require the said Commissioners and Surveyors that 
they take notice of the most remarkable and Conspicu- 
ous places near to the said North Partition Point 
whether they be Rocks hills Gullies Ponds runs or 
Streams of Water and observe on what Courses and 
distances such Remarkable places bears from the said 
North Partition Point All which the said Commission- 
ers and Surveyors are also hereby required distinctly 



384 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1719 

to Certifie under their hands and seals unto our Gover- 
nour or Commander in chief of our said Province of 
New York to be filed and Eecorded in our Secretary's 
office of New York And we do by these presents 
further Commissionate Authorize and impower the said 
Eobert Walter and Isaac Hicks Commissioners and 
Allan Gerard [Jarratt] Surveyor of our said Province of 
New York that in Conjunction with our Commissioners 
and Surveyor or Surveyors for the Province of New 
Jersey that carefully they according to the best of 
their knowledge Skill and understanding as near as 
may be they shall find out and discover that part on 
the West side of Hudsons Eiver that lyes in the Forty 
one degree of Latitude and that when that place is 
known which is the furthermost place of the Province 
of New Jersey that is bounded by said Hudsons River 
then the said Commissioners and Surveyors according 
to the best of their Skill and knowledge shall run Sur- 
vey and mark out a Streight and direct line from that 
part of Hudsons River in the Forty one Degree of 
Latitude unto to that place aforesaid called the North 
Partition point upon the northermost branch of Dela- 
ware which is in the Latitude of forty one Degrees and 
forty minutes which line being so rim and markt out 
is forever hereafter (pursuant to an Act of the General 
Assembly of our said Province of New York past in 
the fourth year of our Reign Intituled An Act for 
paying and discharging several debts due from this 
Colony to the persons therein named and for raising 
and putting into the hands of the Treasurer of this 
Colony several quantities of plate to be applyed to the 
publick and necessary uses of this Colony and to make 
Bills of Credit to the Value of Forty One thousand five 
hundred and seventeen ounces and an half of Plate for 
that purpose) to be deemed taken be and remain as 
the Partition line limit and boundary between our said 
Provinces of New York and New Jersey and for the 



1718] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 385 

better preserving and perpetuating the knowledge of 
that part of Hudsons River that lyes in the Latitude 
of forty one Degrees and also of the line of Partition 
or division betwixt our Provinces of New York and 
New Jersey the said Commissioners Eobert Walter and 
Isaac Hicks and Allen Gerrard [ Jarratt] Surveyor shall 
take Notice not only of the most Conspicuous and 
remarkable places and of the courses and distances 
they bear from the said place upon the West side of 
Hudsons River that lyes in the forty one degree of 
Latitude as also likewise of all and every the Remark- 
able places where the said line of Partition or Division 
Cutts and the distances such places are at from one of 
the Terminations of the line either on Hudsons River 
in the Latitude of forty one degrees or on the said 
Northermost branch of Delaware River in the Latitude 
of Forty one Degrees and forty minutes all which the 
said Commissioners and Surveyor are hereby also 
required to Certine and return distinctly under their 
hands and Seals to our said Governour or Commander 
in chief of our said Province of New York in order to 
be filed and Recorded in our Secretary's Office of New 
York. 

In Testimony whereof wee have caused the great 
Seal of our said Province to be hereunto affixed and 
these our Letters to be made Patent this first day of 
May in the fifth of our Reign Annoq 1 Domini One 
thousand seven hundred and Nineteen Witness our 
trusty and wellbeloved Robert Hunter Esq' Captain 
General and Commander in chief of our said Provinces 
of New York New Jersey the Territories and Tracts of 
Land depending thereon in America and Vice Admiral 
of the same &c a . at our Fort at New York 

[Certified to by | J. Bobin Dep ty Secr'y 

in the absence of Ja Allexandor 



25 



386 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1719 



Letter from Governor Hunter to the Lords of Trade — 
transmitting public papers. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., NewJersey, Vol. II, D. 92.1 

N York y e 27 May 1719 

My Lords 

By this Ship (The Beaver Cap' Smith) Your Lo'ps 
will receive the Acts Of Assembly And the Minutes of 
( Jouncil and Assembly of New Jersey. A list of the 
Acts You'll find in the Close of the Minutes of Coun- 
cil: If Your Lo s ps think that Any of them require 
remarks, I hope soon to Satisfy Your Lo s ps at Your 
board being determin'd to make use of the Leave of 
Absence for Six months which was graciously granted 
me my present ill State of health absolutely requireing 
it. And the Beale Castle I hear is In Sight 

There is nothing new in this Province Since my 
Last, The Assembly is Sitting and I Shall Inform Your 
Lo s ps of their proceedings by a vessel which is to de- 
part next weeke All is in perfect peace here and on 
the Frontieres 

If any objections Should be made against those Acts 
for running the Division Lines in the Jerseys by M r 
Cox or his Associats who find fault with every thing 
that I do, I only beg Leave to Inform your Lo s ps that 
they were after Long deliberation framed and agreed 
to by All the Proprietors or their Agents and Repre- 
sentatives of both Divisions And pass'd at their earnest 
desire, I own I left nothing undone that I might do to 
have them perfected Judgeing them absolutely neces- 
sary to the Peace and highly for the Intrest of that 
Province. I can not frame to my Self the Appearance 
of an Objection ag st them; but I know it is a Sufficient 
one with those I have mention'd. that I did it. When 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 38? 

I am present I can put them to Silence For the Rest I 
beg Leave to refer your Lo ? ps to the Minutes, and am 
with all honor And Indelible gratitude for your Con- 
tinu'd Patronage 

My Lords Your Lo'ps most Humble 

and most obed 1 Servant 
Lords of Trade. Ro: Hunter 



Letter from Governor Hunter to Secretary Popple — 
Intending to leave for London. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. II. D 94-95.] 

N York y 6 June 1719 
D Sir 

This is only to Cover the Minutes of the Gen" As- 
sembly of N Jersey w ch ought to have gone with the 
Acts last weeke but their Clerk had not perfected them 

The Assembly here (now Sitting) have read twice 
and Committed a Bill for y e Continuation of the Reve- 
nue for one year after the Expiration of y" Present 
Acts The Report of my Going Home Curtail'd the 
Term for they had determin'd to Settle it for five 
years. Cap' Willis in the Beale Castle arriveing here 
gave the alarum, and had I not given a sort of Assur- 
ance that I was not to depart w th him I had not even 
obtain'd That. However Sir I shall (god willing) have 
the Long wish'd for satisfaction of being with you 
before winter but if Capt Willis departs so soon as his 
orders Oblige him my Passage with him is Impossible 
without hurt to the Kings Service 

I shall leave both Provinces In perfect peace to 
which both had been long Strangers 

I Live in Such Torture with a violent pain in my 
hipp or Buatuk as 'tis Call'd that it is with all Inagun- 
able pain that I write this. I have no hope of Ease on 
this Side having try'd all remedys Christian and 



388 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1719 

Pagan, Palenieal Chymical and Whimsical to no pur- 
pose Aix La Chapelle is all my present Comfort. 

I labour'd hard for an Agent in y e Jersey but the 
fearfull and Stingy nature of a Sett of men in our 
Assembly gott the better of me and I must find a bet- 
ter way to reward our friend Bampfield for his good 
Services. I am with all Imaginable Sense of Gratitude 
D r Sir Your most Obliged And most faithfull Ser* 



NYorky 6 6 June 1719 




Letter from James Logan, of Philadelphia, to Colonel 
Daniel Coxe, of New Jersey, then in London. 

I From a Copy by Mr. Edward Armstrong, from the Original Letter Book of Logan, 
in the Possession of the Historical Societv of Pennsylvania.! 

Coll. Cox 

Discoursing w 1 ! 1 W. Trent concerning thy affairs and 
those of Jersey, he desired me to give thee some acco- 
of ye late act of assembly for dividing that Province 
between ye Eastern & Western Propriety w° h I must 
at present doe very briefly. 

Di Johnston procured a Clause, to be inserted in ye 
Revenue Act of N York 8 bre 1717 allowing 300 lb on y e 
part of that Govm 1 for dividing y e Province from N 
Jersey, also an Act last Winter at Amboy for running 
ye Same Line on ye part of Jersey, but no way could 
be then found to raise the money, another Act was 
proposed for dividing ye Jerseys in which Provision 
should be made for defraying ye charges of both, but 
this was like to prove very intricate. 

Last Summer those of East Jersey finding that ye 
head of Rockawav came much nearer to Allametunck 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 389 

than that we call'd Passyock intended in thy ffathers 
agreement and by this they would cutt off from the 
Western Prop" all Weppenunck Neck. We then 
insisted on it that Pepock not Allematunck was ye 
true Branch of Raritan. This brought the agreement 
itself into question & we soon found as it had been 
long suspected that it had no sufficient foundation in 
ye Law to built upon. We therefore had recourse to 
ye Division of ye Quinquepartite Deed as ye true & 
only legal Boundary Since by it all ye Prop" of both 
Divisions had purchased, Those of E Jersey insisted on 
an equal Division & endeavoured to prove this was 
alwayes intended & that in L tl Neil Campbells time all 
ye principal Proprietors had agreed on both sides to 
recede from the Quinquepartite Division for which 
they really had a great deal more to shew than any of 
our side expected, We however insisted strenuously on 
this Line as both our & their Right & would by no 
means recede from it. 

But as they had for 30 y n been broke in upon, it was 
in vain to propose it to the Assembly unless all ye 
settlers & Purchasers on both sides should be secured. 
It was therefore agreed that all ye Lands taken up by 
ye Eastern Proprietors on ye west side of ye Line 
should be still held in ye same right in ye same man- 
ner as if they had been taken up in the Eastern Divi- 
sion provided they did not exceed ye quantity that ye 
western Prop rs had taken up on ye East side of ye 
Line. The same Provision was made for the Lands of 
the western Prop 1 ' 3 & when the quantities taken on ye 
wrong sides of ye Line respectively by the Prop" of 
both Divisions were compared, ye Surplusage after 
two y" allowed on both sides to buy rights, is to be 
taken off from ye unsettled Lands of the 2' 1 & 3 rd Divi- 
dends on ye Eastern side & from ye like Lands of the 
4 th Dividend in ye Western side, or out of ye uusur- 
vey'd Lands on either side if such can be found of 



■VM) ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1719 

value Thus both sides are to have ye exact quantity 
they first purchased, And all ye settlers on both sides 
are made easy 

This act cost me a months attendance at Amboy in 
feb & March last but none was a happier lustrum 1 in 
obtaining it than D r Johnston who has lately pur- 
chased a whole Propriety in West Jersey. The Com- 
missi of N. York & N Jersey are now actually out 
upon that Partition Line, and when the northern 
l>(»iiit on Delaware is fixed in Discovering of which 
there is a very good brass lustrum' w t]l able artists 
employed we shall easily find how ye other Line 
between the two Divisions is to run. By ye inclosed 
Print thou wilt see who are the managers to raise the 
money &c for ye western Division. The Commiss rs 
for running the Line on their part are Jas. Kirkbride 
& John Reading (ye old man is deceased) on ye East- 
ern side D r Johnston & Geo. Willocks are appointed 
who with J Alexand 1 & Jacob Taylor on our part & 
Jerrat for N York are now actually upon ye work 

Tho this Division will not I believe prove so advan- 
tageous to us as that of thy ffather & R Barclay 
could we have got Pepeck & Whippenunck Neck with- 
out any dispute yet we all beleive at p'sent we shall be 
no Losers by it, but shall have this great advantage 
that ye Titles of Land will be much better settled & 
their prices will considerably advance. 

I admire in ye mean time that no body appears here 
in thy behalf to take care of thy affairs if there were 
any such they would have all due regard shewn them 
by ye Council of Prop" who still continue much ye 
same, Pray ord r the Pay for thy three Proprieties at 
50 1 each for the first paym* for tho' we have very full 
Power We would not use any rigorous measures. 

Having this opportunity I must mention an other 
affair in which thy name has suffered much tis thine 
& P. Sonmans Releases of those old irregular Surveys 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 391 

in the first Letters [?] Purchace. Yours and mine 
were all dated [delivered?] together to J. Basse to be 
[recorded?] When called on for them he produced 
mine but could not find yours being threatened to be 
sued by those to whom the Release was given, he 
excuses himself by alledging that they were privately 
taken out of ye office of which he has made affidavit 
It can be abundantly proved that they were executed 
& delv'd to him & I need not mention what further 
construction must be putt on it by all men if they 
be not produced I hope they will be found for ye 
reputation of all concerned. Pray excuse the hurry of 
this, I sett about it Just as thy bro r Trent informed me 
he was sealing up. If I can serve thy Just interest in 
any things acquaint me with it & I shall readily serve 
thee as Thy real well wishing fr d 

Philad a 27 th June 1719 J. L. 

p r Simmons to Lond? 



From the Commissioners on the Boundary Line to 
John Harrison — relating to preparatory examina- 
tion of the course. 

[From Certified Copy among the Papers of F. J. Paris, in New Jersey Hist. Society 
Library. Vol. A. p. 111.1 

By the Commissioners &c 
Instructions to John Harrison Esq r to be ob- 
served by him during his Journey from 
Delaware River to Susquehannah River 
and back again, for the discovery of the 
Branches of Delaware. 

1 st You Shall Sett out from Minisinks Island and Go 
the Indian Path to Susquehannah River, and go up 
Susquehannah River till you meet the Indian path that 
comes from thence to the Indian Town in Delaware 



392 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 



[1719 



Branch Called Cashieghtonk; during which time you 
Shall observe the following directions. 

2 You are to take with You a Compass for observ- 
ing the several courses you Shall go; and a watch to 
Know the time you go in each Course. 

3 You Shall Keep a fair Journal in this manner 



Course 


Time 
steered 
on same 
Course 


how much 
by Judgem't 

you walk'd 
that hour 


Blank for 

afterwards 

filling up the 

distances 


Observations 













In which you Shall distinctly Sett down each course 
you go in the first Collumn, The time you go in the 
Same course, in the Second Column. Your Judgement 
at what rate you went per hour, in the third Column, 
Leave the fourth Column Blank, to be afterwards 
filled up with the distances which will appear from 
comparing the Time and the Rate per hour of your 
walking, In the fifth Column, of Observations, you 
may Sett down what observations you Shall think 
proper: Such as Mountains &c: But above all be sure 
to take Care to Set down every Stream you Cross, how 
or on what point of the Compass the Stream thereof 
Runs and take particular care to Judge well of the 
breadth depth and Swiftness of the Stream; and Sett 
down also, the opinions of Your C4uides Concerning 
the Same Branches — 

Given under our hands and Seals this thirtieth of 
June 1719 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 393 



Proceedings of the Council of Pennsylvania — on the 
approaching departure of Governor Hunter of 
New Jersey for England. 

[From Pennsylvania Colonial Records, Vol. Ill, p. 00. ] 

At a Council held at Philadelphia, July the 8 th 
1719 Present 

The Honourable William Keith, Esq r Governour. 
Richard Hill Robert Assheton 

Jonathan Dickinson James Logan. 

The Governour acquainted the Board, that having 
received certain advices from Brigadier Hunter, Gov- 
ernour of the Provinces of New York and New Jersey 
that He designed speedily to embark for Britain, there- 
fore considering the near Relation this Government has 
to that of New York & New Jersey upon the account 
of our Neighbourhood, and the affairs depending to be 
yet settled between these northern Colonies in Rela- 
tion to the Indians, the Governour Judged it conve- 
nient that He should at this time take a Journey to 
New York, not only to pay Governour Hunter a visit 
of Respect at his Departure, but also to settle some 
Foundation for a Correspondence with those who were 
to succeed in the powers of Government in case of any 
future Emergency, and for these Reasons, if the 
Board had nothing to object, He designed very speedily 
to set out expecting that his Absence from the Govern- 
ment would not be long. 

The Board approved of the Governours Proposal, 
wished him a good Journey & safe Return, and then 
adjourned. 



394 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 1719] 



Tripartite Indenture settling the North Partition 
Point between New Jersey and New York. 

| From Papers of F. J. Paris in N. J. Hist. Society Library, Vol. B, p. 57. | 

This Indenture Tripartite made the Twenty fifth 
day of July in the fifth Year of the Reign of George 
over Great Brittain France and Ireland King &c An 
noque Domini 1719. Between Robert Walter of the 
City & Province of New York Isaac Hicks of Queens 
County in said Province Esq 1 s Allain Jarret of the City 
and Province aforesaid Esq r Surveyor for and in Be- 
half of the said Province of New York of the first 
Part John Johnston and George Willocks of the East- 
ern Division of the Province of New Jersey Esq r . s and 
James Alexander Surveyor General of the said East- 
ern Division of the Second Part And Joseph Kirkbride 
and John Reading of the Western Division of the Said 
Province and said James Alexander Surveyor General 
of the said Western Division of the Third Part 1 
Whereas his said Majesty the King by Letters Pat- 
ents under the Great Seal of the Province of New 
York did Commissionate, Authorize and Appoint the 
said Robert Walter and Isaack Hicks Commissioners 
and Allain Jarret Surveyor of the Province of New 
York That They the s d Commissioners and Surveyor 
in Conjunction with the Commissioners & Surveyor 
or Surveyors appointed or to be appointed upon the 
Part and Behalf of the Province of New Jersey that 
they carefully & Diligently Inspect and Survey all such 
of the Streams of Water that Form the River Dela- 



1 These gentlemen were appointed Commissioners. &c in pursuance of the Act 
for running and ascertaining the Division line at a meeting of the Council, held at 
Perth Amboy, March 28th, 1719 at which there were present Gov. Robert Hunter, 
Thomas Gordon, John Anderson, John Hamilton, David Lyell, John Parker, Jolin 
Wills and John Johnstone.— Ed. 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. :59o 

ware, which they the said Commissioners or the Sur- 
veyor or Surveyors may Esteem necessary to be In- 
spected or Surveyed in Order to find out & Determine 
which of the Streams is the Northermost Branch of 
Delaware River and that then when such Branch is so 
Discovered that the Surveyor or Surveyors according 
to the best of their Knowledge & Understanding Dis- 
cover and find out that Place of the said Norther- 
most Branch of Delaware River that Lyes in the Lati- 
tude of forty one Degrees and forty Minutes which is 
the North Partition Point of New York and New Jer- 
sey And for the better Preserving & Perpetuating the 
Knowledge of the said Partition Point, the said Com- 
missioners and Surveyors by the said Letters Patents are 
Required to Take Notice of the most Remarkable & Con- 
spicuous Places near to the said North Partition Point, 
whether they be Rocks, Hills, Gullys, Ponds, Runs or 
Streams of Water and Observe upon what Course and 
Distance such Remarkable Places Bear from the said 
North Partition Point all which the said Commission- 
ers are Required by the said Letters Pattents Distinct- 
ly to Certify under their hands and Seals unto the 
Governour or Commander in Chief of the said Prov- 
ince of New York to be filed & Recorded in the Secre- 
tary's Office of the s d Province of New York All 
which by the said Letters Pattents bearing date the 
first day of May in the fifth Year of his said Majesty's 
Reign and in the Year of Our Lord One thousand 
Seven hundred and Nineteen and remaining upon the 
Records of the said Province of New York may more 
fully and at Large appear And Whereas his said 
Majesty by other Letters Pattent under the Great Seal 
of the Province of New Jersey Did Commissionate 
Authorize and Appoint the said John Johnston and 
George Willocks Commissioners for the Eastern Divi- 
sion of the said Province of New Jersey, Joseph Kirk- 
bride and John Reading Commissioners for the Western 



396 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1719 

Division of New Jersey and James Alexander Survey- 
or General of both Divisions of the Province of New 
Jersey aforesaid in Conjunction with the Commission- 
ers and Surveyor or Surveyors Appointed or to be Ap- 
pointed upon the Part and Behalf of the said Province 
of New York That They the said Commissioners and 
Surveyors carefully and Diligently Inspect and Survey 
all or such of the Streams of Water that Formes the 
said River of Delaware which They the said Commis- 
sioners or Surveyor or Surveyors may Esteem neces- 
sary to be Inspected or Surveyed in Order to find out 
and Determine which of the Streams of Water is the 
North ermost Branch of the said River and that then 
when such Branch is so Discovered that the said Sur- 
veyor or Surveyors carefully according to the best of 
their Knowledge & Understanding Discover and find 
out that Place of the said Northermost Branch of Dela 
ware River that Lies in the. Latitude of forty one De- 
grees & forty Minutes which is the North Partition 
Point of New Jersey aforesaid, and the Point as well 
of the Line of Partition or Division between the East- 
ern & Western Divisions as that Place where the 
Line of Partition or Division between New York and 
New Jersey Terminates, and for the better Per- 
petuating and Preserving the Knowledge of the 
said North Partition Point, the said Commissioners Ov: 
Surveyor for the Province of New Jersey are Required 
by the said Letters Pattent to Take Notice of the most 
remarkable & Conspicuous Places near to the said 
North Partition Point whether they be Rocks, Hills. 
Gullys, Ponds, Runs or Streams of Water & Observe 
on what Courses and Distances such remarkable 
Places bears from the said North Partition Point — All 
which the said Commissioners and Surveyor are further 
Required as aforesaid Distinctly to Certify under their 
hands & Seals unto the Governor or Commander in 
Chief of the Province of New Jersey aforesaid to be 



1719] ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 397 

filed and Recorded in the Secretary's office thereof, 
All which by the said Last Recited Letters Pattents 
bearing date the Last day of March in the fifth Year of 
His said Majesty's Reign in the Year of Our Lord One 
thousand Seven hundred & Nineteen and Remaining 
upon the Publick Records of the said Province of New- 
Jersey may fully and at Larg appear Now this In- 
denture WITNESSETH That the said Commissioners 
and Surveyors as well upon the Part and Behalf of the 
Province of New York as upon the Part and Behalf of 
the Province of New Jersey in Pursuance of the Trust 
Reposed in Them by the Several and above Recited 
Letters Pattents under the Great Seals of the Respec- 
tive Provinces of New York and New Jersey, having 
Carefully and Diligently Inspected and Inform'd them- 
selves which of the Several and Respective Branches 
of said River of Delaware is the Northermost Branch 
thereof Do find And therefore by these Presents Do 
Certify and Declare That That Stream or River 
which is Commonly Call'd or known by the Name of 
the Fish kill is the Northermost Branch of the said 
River Delaware And further That They the said Com- 
missioners and Surveyors according to the best of their 
Knowledge and Information Do Esteem and believe 
the said Fishkill to be the biggest and Chief est Stream 
that Forms the said River Delaware, And Whereas 
the said Allain Jarrett and James Alexander haveing 
taken Repeated observations as well nigh Adjoining to 
the said Fishkill or the Northermost Branch of Dela- 
ware River as in sundry other Places in Order to Dis- 
cover that place of said Northermost Branch that Lies 
in the Latitude of forty one Degrees and forty Minutes 
And that they the said Surveyors according to the 
best of their Skill and Understanding haveing Discov- 
ered the same to be upon that Place of the said Fish- 
kill or Northermost Branch of Delaware after men- 
tion'd Therefore they the said Commissioners and Sur- 



39& ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. [1719 

veyors Doe Certify by these Presents To all whom it 
may Concern That the North Partition or Devision 
Point upon the Northermost Branch of the River Del- 
aware between the Provinces of New York and New 
Jersey (which Likewise is the North Partition Point 
between the Eastern and Western Divisions of New 
Jersey) the Latitude of forty one Degrees and forty 
Minutes upon the East side of the said Fishkill Branch 
is upon the Low Land in the Indian Toim CalPd Cos- 
heghtonk which Indian Town is distant from Thomas 
Swartwoots House at a Place known by the name of 
Pinpeck near to Machackemack River, twenty nine 
Miles and a Quarter, upon a Streight Course North 
forty four Degrees twenty Minutes West by the Mag- 
neticall Position, or a Course North Fifty-two Degrees 
twenty Minutes West by the true Position From John 
Decker's House at the Place CalPd Titendah by said 
Machackemack River about Twenty nine Miles and 
three Quarters upon a Course North thirty five De- 
grees West by the Magnetical Position or upon a Course 
North forty three Degrees West by the true Position 
and upon the Several Courses by the Indian Path from 
said John Deckers about thirty five miles and a half 
Which Point of Intersection of the Latitude of forty 
one Degrees and forty Minutes upon the said Fishkill 
or Northermost Branch of the River Delaware is Dis- 
tant thirty Eight Chains (Reckoning four Perches to a 
Chain) from the Mouth of a Brook known by the In- 
dian Name of Lamachanock and at all times Comeing 
to be Call'd or known by the Name of Station Brook 
(which Falls from the Hills at the Entering in of the 
Indian Path to the said Town Cashiegtonk) upon a 
Course Nearly North five Degrees forty five Minutes 
West by the Magnetical Position and upon a Course 
North thirteen Degrees forty five Minutes West by the 
true Position Which Point of Intersection is ninety 
nine Chains and a half Reckoning four Perches to a 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR HUNTER. 399 

Chain from a Large Stone or Rock the Greatest Length 
of its Superficies being about Eleven Foot and three 
Inches and its broadest Part about Seven Foot three 
Inches Lying partly in and partly out of the Water 
upon the Bank of the said Branch called Fishkill upon 
a Course South Ten Degrees forty five Minutes East by 
the true Position, which Stone is markt with the Let- 
ter M And is one hundred and thirty Seven Chains 
Distant from the Mouth of the said Brook upon a 
Course North Seventy Eight Degrees forty Minutes 
East by the true Position at which Stone or Rock the 
Low Land Ends and the hills Gome Close to the said 
Branch or River Fishkill, the Courses and Situation of 
the said Brook and of the said River and Hills from 
the said Brook to the Stone aforesaid will better Ap- 
pear by the Draught to these presents Annexed. In 
Testimony whereof the said Parties to these Inden- 
tures have Putt their hands and Seals the Day and 
Year first above mentioned — 

R. Walter [l. s. j John Johnston [l.s.] 

Joseph Kirkbride [l.s.] Isaac Hicks [l.s. 
Geo: Willocks [l.s.] Jn° Reading [l.s.] 

Allane Jarratt [l.s. ] Ja: Alexander 1 [l.s.] 

in Behalf of the Eastern & Western Divisions of New 
Jersey 

Sealed and Delivered in the Presence of James Steel 
John Harrison. 



was of distinguished 
Scotch parentage, 
' and before coming 
to America was re- 
cognized as the presumptive heir to the title of Earl of Sterling. At an early age 
he had acquired a good education and was especially proficient in mathematics; 
fitting him for the duties of an officer in the Engineer Corps of the Pretender, 
with whose cause he became to such an extent identified that, on its abandonment 
in 1715. he thought it advisable to seek for personal safety in America, and sailed 
for New York in May of that year, being then twenty -four years of age. What 
introductions he brought with him other than authority from some of the 
the proprietors of East Jersey to look after their interests in the province, or to 




400 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 



Proclamation about the Neglect of the Assessors of 
some counties in New Jersey. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. II. D. 101.] 

By the Honoueable 

Lewis Morris, Esq; President of His Majesty's 
Council for the Province of New-Jersey 
and the Territories depending thereon in 
America, &c. 

A PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas by an Act of the General Assembly of this 
Province; entituled, An Act for the Support of the 



whose influence he was indebted for his advancement is not known, but soon after 
his arrival he received the appointment of Deputy Secretary of the Province of 
New York. Robert Hunter, then Governor of both New York and New Jersey, 
having been himself born in Scotland, it is presumed that fact, and young Alex- 
ander's affiliations and attainments, tended to facilitate the formation of the 
friendship which soon sprang up between the two. Alexander's appointment as 
Deputy Secretary which was received in 1715, brought him into association with 
the prominent men of the time, made him familiar with the condition ot public 
affairs, and strengthened the foundation for his future successful career. The 
time not required for his official duties was devoted to the study of the law, 
and his evidently rapid advancement therein is an indication, not only of his 
industry but also of previous acquisitions in that direction. He became early 
identified with the settlement of the boundary between New York and New 
Jersey and subsequently became Surveyor General of both provinces. In July, 
1721, he was appointed Attorney General of New York and filled the position until 
March, 1733, in which year he was made Naval Officer, a position which was resigned 
in 1735. In 1731 he was called to the Council of New York on the recommendation 
of Governor Burnet— into whose confidence he seems to have been soon taken, at the 
suggestion, probably, of Governor Hunter— and filled that important position for 
several periods thereafter. As his acquaintance with several of the proprietors of 
New Jersey brought him into close connection with that province, he naturally be- 
came interested in the soil and soon was appointed one of the Council of that 
province also, succeeding Thomas Gordon He is represented by those who 
knew him, says Smith in his History of New York, as " a gentleman emi- 
nent in the law and equally distinguished for his humanity, generosity, great 
abilities and honorable stations." With the exception of William Cosby, tho 
Governors of the provinces of New York and New Jersey recognized in Mr. 
Alexander an able and willing supporter. It is to be regretted that no biography 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 401 

Government of his Majesties Province of New- Jersey, ' 
for two years, to Commence from the 23d of Septem- 
ber last past, and to end the 23d of September LY20. 
several Arrearages of Taxes, therein mentioned, are 
directed to be assessed and levyed on the Inhabitants 
of the several Counties of this Province, in order to 
take up and sink several Bills of Credit formerly made 
current in this Province, and now remaining in the 
hands of many Persons; Which nevertheless has been 
neglected to be done in the Counties of Burlington and 
Hunterdon; the Assessors of the said Counties being 
prevailed upon, by the Arts of ill- Disposed Persons to 
neglect their Duty in Assessing the same, under Colour 
of some Clauses in the Act before mentioned, which 
directs Inquiries to be made of Stuns of Money sup- 
posed formerly to be paid, and have presumed to make 
such Constructions of the said Clauses, as will Elude 
and utterly Defeat the good Intentions of the Legisla- 
ture in Enacting the same. And whereas I am in- 
duced to beleive, the Neglect of the said Assessors has 



of him has been written. There are abundant materials to be obtained, as he was 
closely connected with the public affairs of both New York and New Jersey, as the 
conteuts of these volumes clearly show, and the many original documents pre- 
served by him, to which access may be had, illustrate his eminent ability and 
moral worth. Mr. Alexander married in 1725 the widow of Samuel Provost, a mer- 
chant of New York, and for some years Mrs. Alexander carried on a dry -goods 
business in that city, her establishment being resorted to by the gentry generally 
of the surrounding country. Mr. Alexander had one son, William, who is known 
in American history as Lord Sterling and held a commission of Major General in 
the army of the United States, during the Revolution. Of Mr. Alexander's four 
daughters, Mary married Peter Van Brugh Livingston; Elizabeth, John Stevens; 
Catherine, Walter Rutherfurd; and Susannah, John Reid. Mr. Alexander died 
April 2d, 175G. in the 65th year of his age. He was one of the founders (with Dr. 
Frankliiv and others) of the American Philosophical Society. His scientific attain- 
ments were manifested in the manner of his conducting the various matters 
which required his attention as Surveyor General of New York and New Jersey, 
and he kept up a correspondence with Halley, the Astronomer Royal at Greenwich, 
and other learned scientists in different parts of Europe. See Smith's History of 
New York— Duer's Life of Lord Sterling— New York Col. Docts., Vol.V. p..982, note. 

■New Jersey Hist. Society Library.— Rutherfurd Collection of MSS., &c— Ed. 

1 Governor Hunter left for England about July 10th, 1719, and arrived there in 
October, being detained at Plymouth several days by bad weather. Lewis Morris 
became clothed with the chief authority in the Province as President of the Coun- 
cil.— Ed. 

2G 



402 



ADMINISTRATION" OP PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

proceeded rather from their Weakness, and has been 
an Error of their Judgement, and not any Depravity 
of their Nature or 111 Affection to the Government I 
have, by the Advice of his Majestys Council for this 
Province, thought fit to Suspend any Prosecution of 
them and to direct them to Assess the said Arrearages 
on or before the Fifteenth of September next, in order 
that .they may as speedily as possible, be Collected and 
Paid, that the Publick Credit of the Government may 
be Supported, and private Persons who have advanced 
their Money, depending on it, may not be Sufferers. 
Hereby declaring, That if the said Assessors, or any 
else concerned, shall hereafter Neglect the Perform- 
ance of their Duty, That they shall be Proceeded 
against with the utmost Severity of Law 

And Whereas by the said Act Colour is given to 
suppose That there may be Money Concealed in the 
hands of several Persons, which has been formerly 
Collected and Paid for the publick Taxes, in the said 
Act mentioned, I Have therefore thought fit, by and 
with the Advice of his Majesties Council for this Prov- 
ince, strictly to Require, Charge and Command ""the 
Treasurer of the Western -Division of this Province 
us Majesty's Attorney General, Judges and Justices in 
the said Counties of Burlington and Hunterdon to 
make Strict and Diligent Inquiry, and use their utmost 
Endeavours by proper and Legal Means to Discover 
the said Concealments (If any such there be) that they 

T^ u k C r erGd aild Appl ^ ed as the Law Directs 
And all his Majesty's Loving Subjects inhabiting the 
said Counties or else- where in this Province? are 
hereby Required to give what Information they can to 
his Majesty's Attorney General, or to the Treasurer o 
the Western Division of this Province, of all or any 
such Concealments, (If any such they know) that they 
may be Recovered and Applyed according to the True 
Meaning and Intention of the Law. 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 403 

Given Under my Hand and Seal at Perth- Amboy 
the 22th Day of August, in the sixth year of His 
Majesty's Reign, Annoq; Domini 1719. 

L. Morris. 
By his Honour's Command, 

John Barclay, D. Secry. 

GOD SAVE THE KING. 



Petition of Allane Jarratt, Surveyor of New York, to 
the Council there, relating to the Partition 
Line between that Province and New Jersey, with 
the Committee 's Report thereon. 

[From P. R. O B. T., New Jersey. Vol. n, D 99.] 

To the Hon Peter Schuyler Esq. President & 
the other Gentlemen of the Councill of the 
Province of New York 
The Humble Petition of Allane Jarratt 

Humbly Sheweth 

That whereas yo r Petion r having been Appointed by 
his Excellency Rob 1 Hunter Esq by Letters Patent 
under the Great Seal Surveyor for the Province of 
New York and thereby Commissionated with full 
power and Authority in Conjunction with the Sur- 
veyor of the Provinces of New Jerseys, Carefully and 
Dilligently According to the best of their Skill and 
Understanding Discover and find out that place upon 
the Northermost Branch of Delaware River that Lies 
in the Latitude of forty one Degrees and forty Minutes 
and that to be the North Partition Point of the Prov- 
ince of New York and New Jersey, As also Carefully 



404 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [17V3 

According to their Skill and Understanding Discover 
and find out as near as may be that place on the West 
side of Hudsons Eiver that Lies in the Latitude of 
forty one Degrees which shall be the furthest place of 
the Province of New Jersey Bounded by Hudsons 
Eiver. And then in Conjunction with the Commis- 
sioners of both provinces to Run a Direct Line from 
across Two Stations (when Determined) to be the par- 
tition Line between the Two Provinces. 

Now yo r Petition' pursuant to the Great trust Re- 
posed in him in behalf of the Province of New York 
by the said Commission has in Conjunction with the 
Commissioners of both provinces and the Surveyor 
Generall of the New Jerseys proceeded from New 
York to Mahacamack and from thence in Conjunction 
with the Surveyor Generall of the Jerseys up the Fysh 
Kill to the Latitude of forty one Degrees forty Minutes 
Observed in July last by a Brass Quadrant of about 
Twenty Two Inches or thereabouts Radius and the 
Latitude last mentioned determined and adjusted in 
this Manner after four Repeated observations with the 
Plumett, at each End of the Quadrant found them not 
to Differ from each other above half a Minute or there- 
abouts the Difference being so Small the Latitude was 
Adjusted by a Mean between the differences of the 
said Observations As also Allowing the Obliquity of 
the Ecliptick to be by a Mean between 23? 30! & 23° 291 
as may more fully appear by a Journal ready to be 
produced and a Triparty Indenture Executed by the 
Several! persons Concerned for Confirming the Same 

From thence yo r Petition' in Conjunction with the 
Surveyor General of the Provinces of New Jerseys 
proceeded to Madam Corbetts as they Adjudged that 
place to be nigh the Station on Hudsons River made 
Sundry Observations the Last Month in Order to De- 
termine and Adjust the Latitude of Forty One Degrees 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OP PRESIDENT MORRIS. 405 

with the aforesaid Quadrant more Carefully and Dilli- 
gently (having the Advantage of a Good Sun and Clear 
Weather) then the former they had up at the other 
Station. The first of which observations with a 
Plumet at the End of the Quadrant (as it was in all 
the Observations at the former Station) made this Sta- 
tion to Fall near Two Minutes to the Northward of the 
place of Observation or near Taphan Creek, the Last 
of which Observations with the plumett about the 
Middle or Two Thirds of the Quadrant made the Station 
fall between Two or Three Minutes to the Southward 
of the place of Observation or near opposite to the 
Jonkers Mills as has formerly been Reputed to be near 
the Station. 

Yo'' Petition'. Conceiving a Great Difficulty to Decide 
the true Latitude of Forty One Degrees in so Wide 
Differences of Observations by so Small an Instrument 
upon the Same place and not Daring to Reive on his 
own Judgment in so Weighty an Affair that so highly 
Concerns the Case of this provinces for Taphen and 
Sundry other Gentlemens Estates bordering on the 
above Mentioned partition or Division Line Requireing 
a Larger Instrument and the most Exquisite Exact- 
ness and Niceness to Determine And Also to Vindicate 
himself from all future Reproaches and Aspertions of 
being Bribed or Byast therein; could have no other 
Recourse then Laying this Matter before the Wisdom 
of this province, And at this time being prest upon by 
the Commissioners for Discharging and Executing 
this great trust Reposed in him and having Given 
Security for the performance of the Same and Making- 
Matter of Conscience how to Come at the Exact truth 
by such an Instrument that Discovers such a differ- 
ence in these Observations Humbly prays that this 
Honourable Board would take it into Consideration 
and give yo! Petition 1 such Instructions to Direct his 



406 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

Judgment in this Affair as Seem most proper to your 
Great Wisdoms 
And yo r petition' as in Duty Bound shall ever Pray &c 



Mmam 





[September 1719] 



Councills report on Jarrats Petic'on 

May it please Yo r - Honour 

In Obedience of your Honours order in Council of 
this Day Referring to us the annexed Petition of 
Allane Jarratt, We have in presence of M'. Alexander 
Surveyor General of the Province of New Jersey and 
D!' Johnston one of the Commissioners for the said 
Province fully Examined the Pet!' upon the Severall 
Particulars Sett forth in his Said Petition, and before 
Wee proceed to Declare our Opinion thereon, Wee 
take leave to Report that the matter of fact appeared 
to us in the following manner, to witt, That by a fair 
Journall produced to us by the Pet!' of the Several 
Observations taken at the Fish Kill & at Mad'" Corbets, 
the Observations taken near the midle of the Quadrant 
made use of in that Service Differed from those taken 
at the Ends upwards of four minutes. That this dis- 
covery was not made untill they Observed at Mad™ 
Corbetts and that the Pet" thereupon Imediately 
declared to the said Mr Alexander in the presence of 
Severall people then on the Spot he could neither 
Rectify the wide Errors of the Instrument nor take 
upon him to fix the Station by it the same varying So 
much in itself. 

That notwithstanding the methods proposed by M r 



. 1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 407 

Alexander for Correcting the Said Errors the Pet!' De- 
clared he could not adventure to Settle a Lattitude that 
could be Depended upon by that Quadrant. 

That he being by Repeated Questions put to him in 
all the Various ways We then could think of askt 
Whether he could not find means to proceed with that 
Instrument for fixing an Exact Lattitude, he Still De- 
clared that he could not take upon him to Doe it by 
this Instrument for the Reasons above mentioned But 
that in Case one of five or Six Foot Radius could be 
procured, Certifyed by able and Skillfull Mathemati- 
ciants from Great Britain to be true and Correct, he 
would then be ready to ascertaine the Station accord- 
ing to his best Skill and that the Observations whereby 
the Lattitude was Settled upon the Fish Kill were 
taken at the Ends of the Quadrant and the Errors and 
Defects thereof not being Discovered at that time he 
affirmed that the Said North Partition Station upon 
the Fish Kill is wrong and Erroneous Notwithstanding 
the Tripartice Indenture mentioned in the Said Peti- 
tion to be Executed thereupon that occasion. 

Upon the whole matter as the Pet r was made Choice 
of for this Service as the best and Ablest Mathema- 
tician of this Province and he having not only by the 
Declarations in his Petition but by his Repeated As- 
surances before us of the Defect of the Instrument 
and also his Declaring the methods proposed by M" 
Alexander for Correcting them were not Satisfactory 
to him and the matter being of Such Importance that 
it Requires not only the best of Instruments but the 
Nicest Skill and Exactness to Settle, Wee cannot 
advise your Honoure to order the said Surveyor to 
proceed and fix the Said Lattitude by this Instrument, 
but Rather that he Should be Directed to Sett forth 
and Certifie by Some Instrument under his Hand and 
Seal that the Station pretended to be fixt at the Fish 
Kill is wrong and Erroneous to the End this Province 



408 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. | 1 H.9 

may not at any time hereafter receive any Prejudice 
by the aforesaid Tripartite Indenture Executed there 
by the Surveyors and Commissioners on both Sides 
before the Defects and Errors of the Quadrant by 
which that Station was fixt were Detected and that all 
further proceedings ought to be Staid untill a Correct 
and Large Instrument be procured for Settling the Said 
Stations, all which is Nevertheless humbly Submitted 
by. Your Honours Most Obed 1 Servants 

A Depeyster 
New York Sept. the 24* 1719. Gerard: Beekman 

Rip Van Dam 1 
John Barbarie 
D Philipse 



Memorial of the Proprietors of New Jersey to Coll: 
Morris President of the Council there — relating to 
the Survey of the Boundaries between that Prov- 
ince and New York. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. II, D 100.1 

To the Honourable Lewis Morris Esq r President 
of His Majesties Councill for the Province 
of New Jersey in Councill. 

The Humble Memoriall of the Proprietors of 



^C^fu fo^J^a^n/ 



was a prominent 
merchant of New 
York, identified with 
many important 
events in the history 
of the city, and fill- 
ing, during a long 
life, many eminent positions and becoming thereby involved in several severe 
controversies. He became one of the Council under Lord Cornbury. and continued 
an active member of the Board during subsequent administrations, and being 
senior councillor, on the death of Gov. Montgomerie assumed the government of 
the Province as President of the Council. He was superseded by the arrival of 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 409 

the Eastern and Western Division of said 
Province of New Jersey. 

| October the 12 th 1719] 

Most Humbly. 

sets forth, that they have considered the Petition of 
Jarrat & others to the President & Councill of New 
York, And are very much surprized to find that the 
Persons now concerned In that Government, should 
put A stop to the Riming & Ascertaining the Line of 
Division & Partition betwixt that & this Province, 
upon the groundless, weak and untrue Suggestions of 
the Petitioner, And the Visionary Whim & Cant of 
the Surveyor, After the same had been directed to be 
done by the Legislature of both Provinces, And 
Commissioners had been Appoynted under the Great 
Seale of Each of them for that purpose, And had 
made (At a very Great Expence) so considerable A 
Progress. 

They begin with setting forth that the Dukes Grant 
being made In the year 1680 The Tables then In use 
ought to be the Rule of setling the Latitude, And that 
by those Tables, the obliquity of the Cliptick was uni- 
versally Allowed to be 23: 30 n ) ts 

1 st If that way of reasoning be conclusive they 
should have mentioned the Grant in the year 106-1. 
(there being no such Grant In the Year 1680. that we 
know of) and the Tables then In use, for If the Lati- 
tude mentioned In a Grant In the year 1(364 might be 
Ascertained by Tables In use In the year 1680. they 



Gov. Cosby, and subsequent difficulties with that official caused his dismissal from 
the Council, and his age and impaired energies preveuted his restoration, although 
earnestly tried for. He died on the 10th of June, 1749, at a very advanced age. He 
was born in Albany, and married Sara Van der Spiegle in New York on September 
14th, 1684. It is said they had fifteen children. Three daughters married into 
families that were the original stock of the Livingstons and other distinguished 
men of New York. See New York Colonial Documents -New Jersey Historical So- 
ciety Collections. Vol. IV.— Mrs. Lamb's History of New York. &c— Ed. 



410 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

might As well be settled by any Subsequent Tables If 
they were Right, the truth of Tables, and not the Hy - 
pothesis on which they are made, or the time of 
making them, being to be considered In a case of this 
Nafcue, when that Grant was made by the Duke, It 
was upon a certain knowledge, that there was A Place 
In Hudsons River in the Latitude of 4:1 f 8 ; and an other 
on Delaware In the Latitude of 41 d & 40 m : it9 and the 
Province of New- Jersey was by that Grant Intended 
to Extend so farr North as these Latitudes really were 
And the best and most proper means for the discovery 
of them were to be made use of without Regard to this 
or that Table. 

2 cl '. y The Authors of some of the Tables in the year 
1680. might be of Opinion that the Obliquity of the 
Ecliptick was 23: & 30. and we Suppose Calculated 
their Tables of the Suns declination Accordingly; but 
it is the Tables of the Suns Place, that can only be 
made use of In this case, and these Tables have no 
concerne with the Obliquity of the Ecliptick, whether 
made by those Authors or any Else. 

3 tUy That the Obliquity of the Ecliptick was In the 
year 1680. universally Allowed to be 23: & 30: is A 
Position that (with All Due Defference to the Creditt 
& Knowledge of the Petitioners Informers) we think 
is not true; for M r Flamstead long before found it to 
be 23: & 29: and About the year 1680 publisht his doc- 
trine of the Sphere and through that book uses 23: & 
29. as the Greatest obliquity, and so Its used by Si' 
Isaac Newton In his Theory of the Moon, this was In 
England by two as Good Mathematicians as any In 
Europe In France Mon sr Tehire one of the Royall Ac- 
camedy of Paris by observations of the Sun near the 
Zeaneth and out of All danger of Refractions of any 
considerations found it before that time to be 23: & 
29: and about that time and since It has been Gener- 
ally Allowed to be so. 



1710] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 411 

4.thi y With all Due Deference as before, we have 
reason to think, that the Tables the Petitioners men- 
tion was not In use In the year 1680. but decry ed, and 
that the opinions of Flamstead Newton and the most 
Celebrated Mathematicians of the Obliquity of the 
Ecliptick being 23: & 29: obtain'd at that time, And If 
we may use the method of the Petitioners to speak by 
Information, and Reserve to ourselves the liberty of 
Altering and Amending, we are Informed that In the 
year 1682. (At the End of which the Duks Grant of 
Confirmation to the Proprietors Past) the Tables then 
In use were calculated According to the Obliquity of 
the Ecliptick At 23: it 29: and then According to what 
themselves have advanc't these Tables ought to be the 
Rule of Setling the Latitude. 

5 t " : ,y Admitting the Obliquity of the Ecliptick to be 
23 & 30: or what Greater Number of Degrees the Pe- 
titioners Please, the Advantage or dissadvautage to 
them would not arise from that Obliquity; but from 
the time of the year In which the observations were 
made, And had they been made during the time of the 
Suns declention to the Southern Tropick, the Petition- 
ers would have complained, and According to their 
happy way of reasoning, Inferred, that it was In- 
tended by the Dukes Grant that the observantions 
should be made After the Sun had Past the Vernall 
Equinox, and before Its returne to the Autumnall. be- 
cause that Grant Past the 14 lh of march, some small 
time After the Sun had Past the Vernall Equinox. 

gtwy rp^ le kiiq U ity of the Ecliptick, Refraction of 
Rays aud things of that Kind were proper Subjects 
of debate between the Commissioners and Surveyors 
of each Province (to whom the discovery of the Places 
of Latitude were Intrusted) In order to use such 
methods as they should Agree to be Most Just and 
Effectuall for the obtaining of that End, And Accord- 
ingly such debates were, and by Agreement between 
them. 



41 'I ADMINISTRATION" OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [171 ^ 

The obliquity was settled to be A meane between 23: 
& 29: and 23: & 30: and pursuant to that Agreement 
the observations made and the Station setled though 
something to the disadvantage of your Honours Me- 
morialists, the true Obliquity being 23: & 29: which 
Jarrat cannot chuse but Know, and that the consent of 
our Surveyor to any Addition to it was In Compliance 
with Jarrats Capriciousness and to promote the Setle- 
ment and discovery of those Latitudes, and the Line 
of Partition by the Legislature and All Impartiall of 
both Provinces, so Earnestly desired, and not from 
any beleef e or Knowledge he had, that such an Addi- 
tion was Just, and After those matters have been dis- 
cuss't and Agreed upon, and the Station Setled, we 
hope it will not be In the Power of A few dissatisfied 
Persons by Clamour and Noyse without reason or 
Common sence to defeat is done In so Solemn A man- 
ner and Prevent what ought to be done In pursuance 
of their Oaths And Commissions. 

The Petitioners second reason for what they call 
their Just Apprehensions that A Due and Equall Re- 
gard has not been had &c: is that by A Draft made by 
George Keith Surveyor of the Jersies, the Norther- 
most Branch of Delaware River is laid 25 Miles to the 
westward of the msh Kills. 

P. 1 We deny that by any Map of George Keith, any 
Branch to the westward of the msh Kill is laid downe 
as the Northermost Branch of Delaware River, there 
is A Map made by Philip Wells, Surveyor of New 
York, which is calFd George Keiths, that lays downe 
A Branch to the Westward of the msh Kill; but does 
not determine whether that or the ffish Kill is the 
Northermost Branch. 

2 d ? y If there was or is any such Map made by George 
Keith as they say, we can't see what can be InferrYl 
from, thence, other then that the maker of such Map 
was made beleeve there was such A Branch; but will 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. L13 

no more prove there was such A Branch In reality, or 
any unf aire proceeding as is suggested, then A Map 
(of which there are severall) that lays downe A Large 
River Riming from Hudsons River, Into Hakingsack 
River making that part of Jersie, that borders on Hud- 
sons River an Island, will prove that there is in reality 
any such River or Island as there laid downe, nor 
will either of these mistakes prove any unfaireness or 
Partiality of Proceeding, had there Indeed been such 
A River as is said to be laid downe by Keith, and had 
that River been the Northermost Branch of Delaware, 
and the Commissioners & Surveyors had fix't the Sta- 
tion 25 Miles East of it there had been Just reason of 
Complaint; but to Inferran unfaireness of Proceeding 
because A Certaine Person laid down A River In A 
Map (which has no being In Rerum Natura) is such A 
way of reasoning as can have no weight with any men 
of Common sence not very much Predisposed In the 
Petitioners favour. 

3<uy w e begg leave to Informe your Honour, that If 
there had been any such River as is Suggested to be 
laid downe In the Map, the Proprietors of the Eastern 
Devision, and the Commissioners of the Jersey side, 
would not have fail'd to have found it out and fix't the 
Station upon it, It being very much their Interest to 
have it so, A Station so fix't giving to the Eastern 
Devision of Jersey above 3< >< II M > acres of Land which is 
worth more then so many Pounds, whereas the low 
Land supposed to be Acquired by the Station on ffish 
Kill, and which the Petitioners by their low and Vile 
Reflections Suggest to be the motive of (their Imagi- 
nary) unfaire dealing, hardly amounts to 3000 Acres 
and that not worth above sixty pounds pr Hundred, 
which shews how little ground there is for the unrea- 
sonable clamour they are Incouraged to make on that 
head. 

That In the year 16s6. the Latitude of 41 dsrs on Hud- 



•414 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

sons River was Ascertained to be Due west from 
Phredrick Philips Lower Mills by the Surveyors of 
New York and the Jersies by consent of the Respective 
Governours of both these Provinces is A very Great 
mistake In fact no such thing being to be found Ex- 
tant of Record In Either of the Provinces, Indeed 
Philip Wells Surveyor of the Province of New York 
and one Andrew Robeson Surveyor of the Province of 
West Jersey, which was then A distinct Province 
from East Jersie made some Attempts to fix the Lati- 
tude of 41 d f rs on Hudsons River, and made A Report 
that they had so done, In which they made use of 
Keiths Name In the Body of the writing to give A 
collour to their Proceedings; But It was without 
Keiths consent, and he never signed it, and the Lati- 
tude so Ascertained by them was not as the Petitioners 
say due west of the Mills but one minute and 25 Sec- 
onds to the North-ward of them; How farr Coll: Ham- 
ilton by some unguarded Expressions In any Letter of 
his might give occasion to wrest them to A construc- 
tion of owning A thing that never was we Know not; 
But have no reason to beleeve it on the Creditt of the 
Relators, whose many mistakes In matters of fact 
gives us good reason to beleeve they are misinformed 
In this, and It seems very odd that the Petitioners for 
so considerable A fact as the Agreements of Gover- 
nours of Provinces concerning the settlement of Lines 
of Partition between them could produce No better 
Proofe than an Accidentall Expression In A Letter 
wrote seaven years Afterwards, besides should It be 
true, that Coll: Hamilton did owne what never was, 
we can't think the Proprietors are to be concluded by 
his mistaken Sentiments, having had no Authority 
from any of them to make any such Acknowledge- 
ment, and If the Expressions of A Letter can be made 
use of to conclude the Proprietors In an Affaire of 
that consequence, will not Coll: Dungans taking out A 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 415 

Pattent from the Province of New Jersey (at the time 
he was Governour of New York) for the Lands he held 
In Staten Island with an Eqnall Parity of reason con- 
clude the Crowne as to that Island, this was an owning 
upon Record, and an owning with A witness. 

Though we think that neither of those ownings will 
conclude the Crowne, or the Proprietors, yet we begg 
leave to mention one that (as we Humbly coneive) In 
Law and Justice ought to coclude both; and that is 
the Solemn Agreement made between Coll: Thomas 
Dungan when Governour of New York, and Gaun 
Lawrie Esq- Governour of East New-Jersey In the 
year 1684. who Agreed and Ascertained the Latitude 
of 41 d ? ,s on Hudsons River, to be at the mouth of 
Tappan Creek In the meadows where it runs Into 
Hudsons River, this was An Agreement not to be 
charged with Partiality, Craft or practice, both the 
Governours, with the Councill of Each Province, or 
the Greatest part of them, and severall Gentlemen of 
figure of both Provinces went upon the Spot; the most 
Eminent Lawyers of both Provinces, attended to 
Advise In case any difficulty should arise In construe • 
tion of the words of the Dukes Grant, The Surveyors 
of Each Province were there who understood Astro- 
nomicall observations, and were men skillfull In their 
Professions; there were others of both Provinces very 
Able In Mathematical! Learning; the observations 
they made were done with Instruments of six foot 
Radius two of which they had nicely Graduated; the 
observations often Repeated In the Presence of both 
the Governours; Councill, and Persons there Attend- 
ing: so that All Pretence and Collour of fraud was 
taken away. 

The Latitude fix't with the Nicest Exactness In that 
Great Presence, and Agreed to by the Persons con- 
cern'd, and is Extant of Record In this Province As 
(we suppose) it is In that, this is an owning we con- 



416 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1710 

ceive to be conclusive, and we Humbly hope His 
Majesties Goodness and Justice will Induce him to 
continue what was done In so Publique and Solemn a 
manner nothing so free from All objection, being to be 
hoped for from A second Essay, however we are not 
without some hopes, the Justice and Prudence of the 
Government of New York In Enforcing A Compliance 
with the directions and Intentions of the Legislature, 
will make Applications to His Majestie needless on 
this head, and prevent these measures we shall other- 
wise be under the Necessity of taking, and the Justice 
of our cause will warrant. 

What the Petitioners say with Eespect to the 
Naming of Commissioners by the Governour, not 
duely Elected, is an Arraignment of his Conduct, and 
an Accusing him of Partiality in that Affaire; but 
with how much Justice, may Appeare from the Min- 
utes of the Councill booke, by which it is plaine, they 
were Appoynted by order of Councill 

This is an other Instance what Credit ought to be 
given to what they Represent, and shows how willing 
and ready they are to sacrifice the Reputation of A 
Person, who has deserved much better treatment. 

It is very true that John Johnston and George Wil- 
locks are Proprietors of East Jersey, and the Province 
of New- York could not be hurt by them, It being much 
more their Interest to have the North Partition poynt 
(as is before hinted) fix't where the Petitioners have 
Placed their Imaginary River, then auy of the Peti- 
tioners or All of them put together, and that the Com- 
missioners tooke up Lands on the borders of this 
Province, while this matter was In Agitation or some 
years before, is a mistake, and the Petitioners have 
been very much misinformed As they have been In All 
the following Articles. 

That there was any obligation on the Surveyor of 
New- York to Grant the bond mentioned is an other 
mistake, for the same was his owne voluntary offer, 



1719]. ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 417 

and made for this reason, A Little Time After his 
being Appoynted, and After the Commissioners had 
gott warrants to receive £120 .. — .. — they were for* 
Agreeing with him for twenty shillings pr day, cer- 
taine, which he would not accept; but said he would 
be upon the same footing with the Commissioners, to 
have the third of the £300 . . — . . — Appropriated for 
that purpose, and they having gott £60.. — .. — A 
Peece already, If the same could be procured to him, 
he would give security for the Performance of the 
work, or to Kefound the money, and In case of his 
death upon the Work, his Executors to retain In their 
hands so much as should be satisfaction for the work 
he had done, All which was but reasonable, and not 
for performance of the Work alone, as is sett forth In 
the Petition. 

It was not with not seeking for the Right branch 
that the Resolution was taking, of observing upon the 
ffish Kill, as the Petitioners sett forth; but with very 
good reason, for before that Resolution, the Commis- 
sioners and Surveyors had Information from many, of 
the severall Branches of Delaware, many of whom 
were willing to take their Oaths, that there was no 
considerable more westerly Branch of Delaware, that 
went near so farr North as the ffish kill, but not being 
willing to trust to that, John Harrison an East Jersey 
Man, and A considerable Proprietor there, and no Pro- 
prietor of West Jersey, (and his being so was rather 
the best qualification In the World for him to find a 
Westerly Branch) was Pitch't upon, and Agreed with, 
to go and view All the Branches betwixt Delaware 
and Susquehanna River. 

And It was no loss to have observed upon the ffish 
Kill for If the Latitude had been found there, and no 
more Westerly Branch found, there would have needed 
no more than to have run A true West Line to that 
more Westerly Branch. 
27 



41S ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

Its an other mistake, that upon Cap* Harrisons 
return, his Report was, that there was no Branch to 
the westward of the ffish Kill, for In his Report he 
gives an Accpt: of several, with Each of their breadths; 
but there was not one of these Above 30 foot wide, 
whereas the ffish Kill at the Station poynt (which as 
they owne is Above 24 Miles further North than the 
way Capt: Harrison went) was found by measuring to 
be 462: foot over and widens much below that. 

As to any Branch that could be betwixt the Place 
that Capt Harrison went from & the Station poynt 
the River was particularly search't by the Com'ission- 
ers themselves, and no considerable Branch they 
found, but one of About two chains over at its mouth, 
which runs to the West and South, and which even 
Capt: Harrison Crost In his way, he being Assured It 
was the same from the Information both of Indians 
that he mett with, and of the Whiteman that was his 
guide, who had gone from that Place where he Crost 
it downe In Canoes to the ffish Kill, and besides It is 
not Likely that A Branch of two chains over, should 
run more Northerly, than one of 8 chains over, and 
which is much deeper, and At the same time a very 
Swift streame, seeing that the ffish Kills course is 
Generally Nor- westerly, and that Branch goes out to 
the West & turns to the Southward. 

There was not one of the Jersey Commissioners at 
Madam Corbitts during the time that the Surveyors 
together took any observation there, Its true that Mf 
Willocks came According to his Appoyntment with 
the other Commissioners, after Capt. Jaratt had taken 
observations Enough, and was gone to York, and was 
present at some observations made by Mr Alexander 
for his owne diversion; but no one observation was 
taken by Capt: Jarret or Mr: Alexander after Jarrets 
returne. 
Its true there was A difference of four Miles in some 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 419 

of the observations at Madam Corbits; but from thence 
It cannot be Inferr'd that the Instrument is Errone- 
ous, for If the Object Glass of the Telescope of the 
Instrument be not so Plac'd, or that the axis of the 
Glass is coincident with the Rays of the Sun shining 
thro' the Telescope, there will be a variance, which to 
do Exactly, is beyond the Art of Man to do, but what 
ever that differs from the truth may be found out, by 
only Inverting the Telescope, and the difference 
between that and the former observation halted and 
added to the least, and substracted from the greatest 
gives the true observation, which every one that is 
tolerable vers'd In the Knowledge of Glasses Knows 
to be true, and this method was followed at Mahache- 
math, and Capt. Jarret Acknowledges this to be the 
reason of the variations, but can't conceive whats so 
Notoreously Known, And James Alexander does posi- 
tively say, that he has observed with All the parts of 
that Instrument, and that the meane of the severall 
observations at the same Place of the Quadrant with 
the Telescope both ways doth not differ one from 
another Above one minute and A halfe; What they 
say is Evident beyond contradiction, is rediculous In 
it selfe, and proves beyond contradiction that the 
Petitioners Know nothing of the matter, for the differ- 
ence of the Observations between the msh Kills & 
Madam Corbitts no more proves that the Partition 
poynt is Plac'd foure miles to the North-ward, than it 
does that its foure miles to the South- ward. 

We presume that the Petitioners don't know the 
difference between the Radius and Diameter, for many 
of them have seen it, and could never mistake so far 
as to call 22 Inches Radius as that Instrument is but 
22 Inches Diameter If they did. 

As to Arguments offered against the Act we know 
not what they are; but If we may depend upon the 
Information of those, wdio we beleeveKnow much 



420 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

more of that matter then any of the Petitioners, they 
are not Esteemed of weight sufficient to answer the 
End Intended by them, and are In no Likelihood of 
procuring the Repeale of it; And we are Induc't to be- 
leeve our Information, not only from the Nature of 
the Act; but from the conduct of the Governour who 
would not have Recom'ended the Passing An Act of 
the Like Nature to the Assembly of this Province had 
he been under the Least doubt of the disapprobation 
of that at New- York, nor do we concieve the conse- 
quences Attending such Repeale with Respect to this 
Affaire can be any other than Refunding Into the 
Treasury the money spent on This occasion, for we 
Presume the Lines and boundaries of this Government 
may be Ascertained, without the consent of that As- 
semby, If any Persons will be at the charge of it, and 
that your Honour or such Person, as shall be Intrust- 
ed with the Government of this Province will be both 
willing and Able to protect us in the Enjoyment of 
our Civill Rights. 

They say that by runing the Line the Petitioners 
will be In danger of being Incroach't upon; being In 
danger of being Incroach't upon is a reason they should 
have blush't at. If they could have made out, 
they should be Incroach't on, it might have had some 
weight; but surely they never could so farr natter 
themselves with the hopes of putting a stop to an Af- 
faire of this consequence by their being In danger of 
being Incroach't upon: Except they had good Assur- 
ances, that say what they would, it should be Effectual, 
as we are pretty well Asured they had, and shall be 
Represented In its proper time and Place. 

The Petitioners cannot say they would be Incroach't 
upon If the Line was truely Run; they making no 
pretence to Land in Jersie, so that they durst not offer 
that; and If it was not truely run, Jersie might be In 
danger of being Incroach't upon as well as the Peti- 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 421 

tioners, and the Naturall Petition on that head, should 
have been, that the utmost care should be taken to run 
it truely, and not to put A stop to it. 

They make A Flourish of the Justice and Indul- 
gence of the Crowne, which we make no question, All 
his Majesties good Subjects will at All times feel the 
proper and good Effects of According to their demean- 
our; but what they mean by Justice & Indulgence 
here, is the conduct of the Person Governour of New- 
York at that time, and is Quite different from what 
they are pleased to call it, and we perswade our selves 
to Just and Impartial! men, will Appeare to be what 
it really is, to make which Appeare we Humbly Pray 
your Honour to recieve the followeing Information, 
some Dutch ffarmers wanting Land, pich't upon A 
Place calTd Tappan and Apply ed to Coll: Dunganwho 
being Informed, the Land they had Pitch't upon lay 
mostly in Jersie, Us'd his Endeavour to Alter the Sta- 
tion by him so Solemnly Agreed on, and prevail'd on 
the Surveyor of New- York and West Jersey to Joyne 
In making the Report In the year 1686 mentioned be- 
fore to which they could never gett the Surveyor of 
East Jersey to Joyne; After or About the time of that 
Eeport he Grants the Lands desired to the People of 
Tappan for the consideration they made him, which 
Lands Lay mostly In the Jersies, and they setled downe 
by vertue of these Grants, and by the countenance of 
that Governour (who had the Vrs Major) held them 
and do so to this day. Some there were who held 
Lands by Jersey Rights within this Grant, and these 
were forst to comply, and take new ones from that 
Government, which he gave for the full Quantity they 
held before, but to one of them who held from Jersie 
A considerable tract of Land, which would Interfere 
with his Grant to Tapan, and who he was loath to 
disposess altogether, least it would shake his New- 
Settlement, and bring the Validity of his Titles In 



422 ADMINISTRATION OF PEESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

question, and thereby lay him under the necessity of 
Refunding the money he recieved, he made A Grant 
for the whole Land, and both the Pattents of Tappan 
& Lockarts Lying In the office together, he ordered a 
days Prior date be put to the former, which was not 
discovered till long After, and so they hold the Land 
to this day, and what disputes, that has occasioned be- 
tween Corbitt and Meritt is no Secret. 

This giving a way of the Jersie Lands contrary to 
the most Solemn Agreements made by himselfe as be- 
fore, and In this manner is the so much magnified 
Justice and Indulgence, and how farr it deserves those 
Epethets may one day be determined. 

They come at Last to proposals and offer to be at 
half the charge of an Instrument proper and large 
Enough to be Approved and Attested to be true and 
Exact by Able Artists, and the obliquity Setled &c: 
As to the obliquity Enough has been said Already 
to shew the weakness of that poore pretence, and 
As to the Instrument, they neither tell what In- 
strument they meane, by A Proper Instrument, 
nor how large is large Enough, nor who these Skill- 
full Artists shall be that are to try and Attest it; but 
having reserv'd to themselves a Power of Adding, 
Altering or Amending, we suppose they'll think that 
Reservation gives them an Authority proper & large 
Enough to make use of when this (Non such) Instru- 
ment arrives to Render it as wholly In-Effectuall for 
the purposes of Ascertaining the Station as they have 
Endeavoured to do this, for there will be A necessity 
of certifying that these are Skillfull Artists, and those 
that Certifle them such, will need an other certificate 
to Certify their Judgements, that so certifies, and so 
on, and Notwithstanding such Certificate of the Cor- 
rectness of the Instrument it won't be safe to proceed 
upon it till its tryed here and Known to be so, or how 
to Correct the Errors of it, In case its' not, And If so 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. £23 

such certificate is needless, and with this good Instru- 
ment, there may and will differences happen In the 
observations, In different parts of the Instrument, and 
All that can be said on it (though contest to be true) 
will not prove satisfactory to any Person Resolved not 
to Proceed and one & one stroke of Cant that he can- 
not in Conscience proceed to determine the Latitude; 
by that, overthrows the whole Affaire, and puts things 
Into the same condition, they are at present, which is 
All that we Expect from the Petitioners or their pro- 
posals, though we shall be Always Ready to comply 
with Sincere, Just and Practicable proposals when 
ever they Appeare, from the Petitioners or any Else, 
some of which we think to be, that the Commissioners 
and Surveyors proceed According to the directions of 
the Legislature their oaths and Commissions, till they 
finish the work, And If any or All of these will not or 
cannot proceed, that some others more willing able 
and Knowing be sought out that both can and will; 
That the Commissioners and Surveyors of the Prov- 
inces concerned In the Station poynt on Delaware 
meet, and try to find the defects of the present Instru- 
ment (If any such there be) and If they can Amend 
them, and Rectify any Error occasioned by them; 
That If they think it Impracticable by that Instru- 
ment to determine the Latitude, that then they stop 
their proceedings till they gett one by which they can; 
but that it be not stopt upon the bare whim or Creditt 
of any one Visionary among them. 

These proposals are what we Humbly concieve to be 
Just and reasonable, and what we hope will be com- 
ply ed with; but If the opposers of this good work 
persist In then Endeavours to defeat and Elude the 
good Intent of those Laws, made on that behalfe, 
And A stop is put on ye side of New-York, without 
the consent of the Rest concerned we become Humble 
Supplyants to your Honour that It may be done on the 



424 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

part of Jersie, for which we shall be ready and will- 
ing to defray the Expence. 

As to Capt Jarret his whole conduct while concerned 
In that Affaire gave but too visible Indications of his 
Attachment to that party whose Endeavours have 
been to prevent the Euning of these Lines; so that 
little less was Expected from him than is come to 
pass, and we referr him to that conscience he seems so 
tender of, which will not faile faith-fully to lay be- 
fore him the true motives that rjrevail'd upon him to 
umke that pretence, and with As Great A Deference 
to him as he has to that, take leave to observe that 
Tapan Creeke does not lye two minutes to the North- 
ward of the Place of observation; we are Informed 
hardly one; and that Younkers Mills Lyes about six 
Miles to the South- ward of it, as we are Inform'd: 
And If so Even this Extreame of between 2: or 3: min- 
utes to the South-ward of the Place of observations 
cannot reach these Mills; this is a matter he can 
Easily determine, If his conscience is not disposed to 
contradict his Eyes. 

Notwithstanding that Capt Jerrat says there is A 
wide variation In the observations to witt of between 
4 & : 5 : minutes, yet he is caref ull to avoyd saying that 
the Instrument is Erroneous, for he is sencible that 
the best Instrument that ever was, may differ twice 
that Number of minutes In the observations, And At 
the same time be perfectly good (viz 1 , as good As mans 
hands can make it) for it's tenn thousand to one If 
the Glass grinder do so grind the object Glass and 
center it, and the Instrument maker so Place it In the 
Instrument as to make the Axis of the Glass perfectly 
coincident, with the Rays of the Sun which If they do 
not Exactly (and to say its Exactly is beyond Mans 
Art) there must be a Refraction of the Rays which 
made Astronomers As particularly Bulialdus upon the 
first use of Telscops to such Instruments, say that 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 425 

Glasses were not at All fitt for such Instruments 
because we could never know whether the Ray came 
directly or Refractedly to our Eye, and no doubt they 
would have soon been disused, If A method had not 
been found out to discover that which since has been, 
and which perfectly shews whether A Ray comes 
directly or not and (If not) Exactly how much it is 
Refracted, and that is by having the Telescope move- 
able, so that If by looking throw it one way, you find 
your Object of one height, so much as this is too high 
or too low, you can find out, by turning the opposite 
side of your Telescope uppermost, and looking againe 
to the Object, now so much as the Object Appeared 
too low the first way, so much must It Appeare too 
high this way et. E. contra, and of consequence the 
difference betwixt the two Altitudes, is twice the 
Error, which halted and Added to the least, and Sub- 
stracted from the Greatest will give the true Altitude, 
as well as If the Rays had come directly to the Eye. 

Now Capt Jarrat is sensible that this is the cause of 
the variation of the observations, and has owned that, 
that method of correcting, which is so plaine In it 
selfe, and which Every one that has any Tolerable 
Knowledge In Glasses Knows to be perfectly true, is 
true In Theory, and to be used In Astronomy for ones 
owne private satisfaction; but thinks its not to be put 
In practice In this age, not because it will not do, and 
discover truly the Latitude sought, as If it was per- 
fectly Correct; but because he is Pleased to say, some 
Estates are at Stake, so that If he should determine 
with that Instrument he might be lyable to future 
Reproaches of being brib'd or byast, and therefore 
desires a larger Instrument not to determine the mat- 
ter with more truth; but to vindicate himself e from 
the Aspersions of being bribed or byast, what sug- 
gested that thought he best Knows, and from this he 
may guess, how Likely the success is to answer the 
Expectation. 



426 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

We are not surprised at this from him but very 
much so at the Eeport of the Gentlemen of his Majes- 
ties Councill of New York, who advise that Jarret 
should be directed to Certify by some Instrument 
under his hand and Seale that the Station pretended to 
be fix't at the ffish Kill is wrong and Erroneous, to the 
End, that Province might not at any time receive any 
prejudice by A Tripartite Indenture Executed by the 
Surveyors and Commissioners &c; before the defects 
was discovered. 

The reasons which upon the whole matter Induced 
them to give this Advice are as Extraordinary, and 
with Due Deference to the Characters of these Gentle- 
men amounts to no more then an Implicite depend- 
ence on Jerrats word without any Prooffe or reason 
given for the truth of what he says. 

That is to say Jarret was made choice of as the 
Ablest Mathematician has by the declarations In Ins 
Petition and Assurances before them of the Defect of 
the Instrument, 

And has Also declared that the methods proposd by 
M? Alexander are not satisfactory to him. 1 

Wee Humbly Submitt to your Honours Judgement 
whether this is any more Either In words or meaning, 
then that Jerrat said so, Jarret says the Instrument is 
defective, and that he is not satisfyed with the methods 
proposed by Alexander (and therefore)? Is this Ground 
sufficient to set aside All that has been doDe, and Elude 
the good Intentions of two Provinces upon the Creditt 
of A man which for any thing they Know may be In 
the wrong, and In All probability is so, they say he 
declared so In his Petition, and Assured them so, there 
is nothing Like it In his Petition, And Alexander Pre- 
tests he does not Remember that Ever he told them so, 
he Indeed tells them of wide differences of observa- 

1 Words of the Report. 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 421 

tions; but that does not prove a defect In the Instru- 
ment, that may happen many ways, and the Instru- 
ment be good Enough, has Jarrat said these differences 
proceed from the defect of the Instrument, or given 
them any Proof e that it is so? or will he presume to 
say so? If he does we desire he may be Askt upon his 
oath (for his conscience may gett the better of his 
Memory) whether he tooke any of these observations 
himself e at Corbitts, that made this discovery or saw 
them taken, or Knows anything about them, but by 
Information from another? and we advise him In this 
Case to have some Regard to his Memory, because 
there are Men alive that Knows In what part of the 
Province he was at that time, and we desire these 
Honourable Gentlemen together with their Petitioners 
and M!" Jarrat to give any Prooffe If they can, that 
this difference of observations proceeded from the 
defect of the Instrument, and not the mistake of the 
observator, and such A mistake, that for any thing 
they do or can Know might have been Rectified by 
the Penetration & Quick sight of their Able Mathema- 
tician Jarrett, had he been present. And We Humbly 
submitt it to the Calmer consideration of these Hon- 
ourable Gentlemen, whether it had not been more 
prudent as well As Just, when that pretended dis- 
covery was made to have Referr'd it to the Examina- 
tion and Report of the Commissioners and Surveyors 
of All the parties concerned who were Intrusted with 
it, and whose proper business it w T as, then to have 
made A Report themselves with so much precipitation, 
In A matter that not one man of them are Competent 
Judges of. 

These Commissioners & Surveyors were upon Oath 
and If upon Examination, they had found that the 
Station had been wrong fix't would have Rectifyed it, 
And In case the Instrument had been so defective, 
that they could not with it, do what was Intended, 



428 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

they would have said so, which would have been 
Authoritative aud conclusive. 

But further Jarret declared what Alexander said 
was not satisfactory to him, It may be so, nor to the 
Gentlemen before whome he was, this is A very grave 
and short way of answering any thing; but can these 
Gentlemen be Assured that Jarrat spoke truth, or 
what that dissatisfaction proceeded from, whether for 
want of Argument on the side of Alexander, or Ca- 
pacity on the part of Jarrat, If they say the first, then 
they needed not to have used the Authority of Jarrets 
declaration but have determined upon their owne 
Judgements, which we presume would have been upon 
better reasons then a say so. 

Such are the reasons, and the advice is corespondent, 
they advise that Jarret be Directed under his hand and 
Seale to give the Lye to himself e, and All the parties 
to that Indenture, and upon his single Authority to 
certify that the Station at the ffish Kill (which they 
Already call A Pretended one) is wrong, here are two 
Acts of Assembly, that make the determination of the 
parties to that Indenture binding upon both Provinces, 
here is a Committee of the Councill of one Province 
take upon themselves to overthrow this by A Certifi- 
cate of one Man (without proofe or collour of reason 
but his say so, and that as he must owne, not from his 
owne Knowledge, but from the Information of an 
other) to make that determination binding upon 
neither, how farr the Success will answer those 
Endeavours time will discover. 

M r Alexander being Present at the Comittie we have 
desired him to say what he thinks proper to these 
matters and is as followes. 

James Alexander declares he does not Eemember 
that Ever Capt: Jarret said upon the spot that he 
could not rectify the wide Errors of the Instrument 
nor take upon him to fix the Station by it, the same 
varying so much In it selfe. 



1719] ADMINISTRATION* OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 429 

He Remembers Indeed that he was very Capricious 
In this matter Ever since he went to Mahackemack & 
Especially After the News of His Excellencies depart- 
ure laying All the Blocks In the way that Ever he 
could Invent, making Mountains of Mould Hills as In 
this case, and what-Ever dissatisfaction he shewed 
with any of the observations when he came clowne to 
York (After the last observation he Ever took with it) 
he declared himselfe to be Perfectly satisfied with the 
Instrument, and perfectly to understand how to 
Reconcile the observations, which was upon Thursday 
the thirteenth day of August, and we Expecting the 
Commissioners up the next day, I was very loath he 
should go downe to York; but he said he wanted no 
more observations, and that the next day he would 
come up with them and setle the Station, but Capt: 
Walters being Sick, the Commissioners thought fitt to 
delay the time of meeting for A Week, so upon the 
Munday he came up Again e and paid me the Comple- 
ment of saying he Just came up to Acquaint me of it, 
and to bring me downe, M" Willocks being there, we 
three Adjourned the time of meeting, till the seaventh 
of September, and I went downe to York with Capt 
Jarret, and we caryed the Instrument along with us, 
having no further to do with it there, he seeming still 
perfectly satisfied as before. In the beginning of Sep- 
tember I saw him severall times, and he having the 
gravell declared as soone as he was Able, he would be 
ready to go up and finish the work: And I never heard 
of any dissatisfaction he had till Coll: Hicks came to 
Towne for to go upon the Line about the seaventh of 
September, and I then being Sick, Coll: Hicks and 
Capt: Walters came to see me and— told me that Jar- 
ret w T as In an other of his mad fitts and was saying to 
Every- Body the Instrument was Erroneous, and that 
it differed four or five minutes, I told them that I 
Knew and he Knew that long ago, and that the Instru- 



430 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. L 1 ^ 19 

ment was not one pin the worse of that, but I could 
scarcely think he was In Earnest. 

And further I being present at the Comittie of the 
Honourable the Councill of New- York I dont Remem- 
ber that Capt: Jarret said further to the Com'ittie con- 
cerning what he told me at M™ Corbits, than that he 
was dissatisfyed with these differences, and y 1 he told 
me of it before severall People, and I think it was upon 
Interrogatories Afterward made by the Committie, 
that he declared he could neither Rectifie the wide 
Errors of the Instrument nor take upon him to fix the 
Station by it. 

When Ever an other Instrument of five or six foot 
Radius does come, tho at the same time it be A very 
good one I could Venture to Lay the Price of that In- 
strument with Capt: Jarret, that there will be four or 
five minutes difference In the observation that shall 
be taken by it, and for the same reasons, then, he can- 
not Adventure to setle the Latitude by it, and of con- 
sequence never. 

It is impossible for the Art of man to make An In- 
strument Perfectly true and Correct, and If the Line 
be staid till one be Certified to be so by Able and Skill- 
full Mathematicians from Great Brittaine, It will be 
staid for-Ever; for the most that Able and Skil-full 
Mathematicians can do is to find out the Errors of it, 
and give A table of Equations how to Correct it which 
Capt Jarret If he will be but at A Little pains may 
Easily make himselfe for this Instrument, an<J for the 
same reason that Capt. Jarret wants one now of five 
or six foot Radius when such A one comes, he has as 
much reason to say the work wants one of Eleven or 
twelve foot, and so on to twenty three or twenty four 
foot Radius. 

Upon the whole, though it must be contest to be the 
Interest of both Provinces that these Stations be fix't. 
and the Lines Ascertained yet we think they ought to 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 431 

be done with Justice and truth on both sides, and It 
being Possible there may be A defect In the Instru- 
ment, though no manner of Proofe yet Appeares for 
it, we hope the Councill who have not yet Approved 
of the Report of the Commitiee will suspend any Ap- 
probation of it till the Commissioners and Surveyors 
have Examined Into that matter made their Report on 
it, and that they doe it with All proper Expedition 
this we pray your Honour will be pleased to signify to 
them. 

By order of the Councill of Proprietors 

J. Barclay Dp* Regs*: 7 
Perth Amboy October the 12 th 1719 



From Colonel P. Schuyler, President of the NewYork 
Council, to the Lords of Trade — relating to Sur- 
veyor Jarratt. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. V, p. 532.] 

New York 31 Oct 1719 

May it please y r Lord sps 

[Extract.] 
I send * * to your Lordships a Copy of a Peti- 
tion presented to me by Allane Jarre t the Surveyor 
appointed in behalf of this Province for running & 
ascertaining the division line between this Province & 
the Province of New Jersey with the Councils Report 
thereupon to me by which your Lord'sps will perceive 
there is a present stop put to those proceedings & un- 
less I should compel him against the advice of the 
Council to proceed notwithstanding bis Petition it 
could not be avoided & I do not see that I could Jus- 
tify such proceeding against express & positive decla- 
rations without offering an injury to his conscience 
and exposing this Province to all the wrongs that may 



•432 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

consequently follow upon it besides the money given 
for that service is more than exhausted already by the 
issues first made & the demand now brought in. I 
take it to be a work of great importance to the King 
in which his Quitt Kents Lands & the property of his 
subjects are concerned and I had rather be over cau- 
tious then rash in such affair which is intended to be 
forever binding tho' I find the Proprietors of Jersey 
are much exasperated and I hope that before any reso- 
lution be taken timely notice will be given that both the 
Government here on the behalf e of His Majesty & the 
Proprietors of lands holding under Patents from this 
Government may lay before your Lordships what they 
have to say when they are thorougly informed of 
the Proceedings of the Jersey Proprietors presuming 

they will make their application to your Lordships. 

****** 

Colonell Graham the late Surveyor General of the 
Lands of this Province being lately dead I have or- 
dered a commission to be prepared appointing Allan 
Jarrett whom I have before mentioned, a person 
agreed on all hands to be most capable of any one in 
the Country so recommend'd to Governor Hunter who 
appointed him Surveyer for ascertaining the Bounds 
between this Province and Jersey & a man of a very 
fair reputation for honesty & integrity & sound under- 
standing. I am Y r Lordships 

Most humble & obedient Serv 1 
P. Schuyler. 






1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 433 



Petition of Inhabitants of New York to the Councill 
there — relative to the Survey of the Partition Line 
between that Province and New Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey, Vol. II, D 98, aud from N. Y. Col. MSS.. Vol. 

LXI, p. 191.1 

To The Hon ble Peter Schuyler Esq r President 
and the rest of his Majesties Hon ble Coun- 
cill for the Provinces of New York 

The Humble Petition of Severall the Inhabi- 
tants of the Province of New York for 
themselves and others Owners and Proprie- 
tors of Lands Bordering upon the Partition 
Lines between the Provinces of New York 
and New Jersey 

Sheweth 

That the Assembly of this Province having Appro- 
priated the Sum of £300 for Defraying their part of 
the Charge and Expence, in Ascertaining and Run- 
ning the Partition Line Limitt and Boundry Betwixt 
this Province and the Province of New Jersey, The 
Petition' 3 had Reason to hope so great a work would 
have been Carryed on and Accomplisht with such Re- 
ciprocall Justice and Equality that Neither side would 
have Reason to Complaine. But having Grounds to 
Apprehend that a Due and Equall Regard has not been 
had Either for the Benefitt of this his Majesties Prov- 
ince in Generall or for us and others his Leige Sub- 
jects, that have an Immediate Interest on the Borders 
of that Line, They beg leave to Lay, before yo r Hon" 
a State of that Case and the Reasons of their Just 
Apprehensions Reserving to themselves the Liberty of 
Adding what shall farther Occur to their Knowledge, 
And of Amending and Explaining what is herein Sett 
28 



434 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

forth which they most Humbly offer in the following 
Manner (viz-) 

That by the Dukes of York's Grant to the Proprie- 
tors of the Jerseys They were Bounded in the Latitude 
of 41 : & 40 Minutes on the Northermost Branch of 
Delaware River and on Hudsons River in the Latitude 
of 41 Degrees and as this Grant was made in the Year 
168 . . ' They Conceive the Tables then in use ought 
still to be the Rule in Settling those Latitudes By 
which Tables (As they are Credibly Informed) the 
Obliquity of the Ecliptick was Universally Allowed to 
be 23 Degrees and 30 Minutes, That by a Draught of 
Geo. Keith then Survey v - of the Jerseys (ready to be 
Produced) he Lays Down the afore Mentioned North- 
ermost Branch of Delaware River about Twenty five 
Miles to the Westward of the Fish Kill; That in the 
Year 1686 the Survey 1 " of New York and the Jerseys 
by Consent of the Respective Governors Ascertained 
the Latitude of 41 Degrees on Hudsons River to be due 
West from Frederick Phillipp's Lower Mills That Coll: 
Andrew Hamilton GovV of the Jerseys afterwards did 
own the said Latitude of 41 Degrees on Hudsons River 
Conformable to a Mapp by the Survey'". 8 to be Due 
West from the said Mills as by Writing under his 
Hand Dated the 13 l . h of February 169| and ready to be 
Produced may Appear at Large, That those Petition" 
who held Lands to the Northward of that Line by 
Virtue of Grants or Patents from the Jerseys had by 
the Justice and Indulgence of this Govr New Grants 
for the same and at Easier Quitt Rents than what they 
were to have Paid to the Proprietors and others have- 
ing by Lycence of the Jerseys Purchased Lands from 
the Indians and sueing for Pattents Conformable to 
those Purchased were Directed to take Pattents from 
New York, Those Lands Lying to the Northward of 
the Station then fixt, That after the before Mentioned 

1 Torn off. 






1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 435 

Act of Assembly was past here, An Act of the like 
Nature was made in the Jerseys and John Johnston 
and George Wollocks Esq" were Appointed to be 
Commissioners who are Known to be Proprietors and 
to have taken up Large Tracts on the Borders whilst 
this Affair was in Agitation 

That when it was Proposed to Name Comm" for 
this Province, The Gentlemen of the Councill (as they 
are Informed) were Generally of Opinion (Except those 
Gentlemen who are Proprietors of the Jersey) That 
Wee Ought to follow the same Rule (to witt) in Like- 
wise Appointing such Persons as had an Immediate 
Interest in Lands Bordering on the Line, That Not- 
withstanding (as they are further Informed) The 
Gov 1 " 8 Commissionated Robert Waller and Isaac Hicks 
Esq 1 " 8 and th° Wee have a due Defference to the 
Characters and Reputation of those Gentlemen, Wee 
Conceive they were not Duely Elected because an Act 
of Assembly Directs that they should be Appointed by 
the Gov? and Council!. 

That the Survey' for this Province Allane Jarratt 
(being Approved of by the Councill) was Obliged to 
Execute a Bond for a £100 Conditioned to Settle the 
Stations and Run the Lines and Since this was ( As 
they are Informed) Demanded at the Motion of the 
Jersey Gentlemen And that neither their Survey!" nor 
any of the Comm rs had the like Required of them, It 
may Reasonably be Concluded this was Exacted with 
a View of Laying him Under a Necessity to fix the 
Latitude rather to the Disadvantage of this Province 
Than Subject himself to the Penalty of said Bond, 
That the Corn 1 " 5 and Survey" of both Provinces Setting 
out from this City Went Directly to Maquacamack 
and Mannassincks Where they Mett Some other Gen- 
tlemen of the Jerseys, And without Looking for the 
right Branch, or Tracing of them (and Indeed almost 
everybody Lookt upon the Season Improper for so 



436 ADMINISTRATION" OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

Doeing) They Immediately took Observations then, 
Just as if they were Resolved to Fix the Latitude on 
the Fish Kill, P'haps with a View to secure for the 
Jerseys the Low Lands at the Two Places above Men- 
tioned Which Could Scarcely be Drawn in if the proper 
Branch had proved, so far Westward as Keith Draught 
Lyes it Downe, That alth° such Foggy Cloudy and 
Rainy Weather happened at that time for about 25 
Dayes Succession as the like at that Season was not 
Known in the Memory of Man (Just as if heaven 
frowned on the Designs) They Fixt the Latitude upon 
the Fish Kill near a small Creek which they Termed 
Station Brook Notwithstanding they seemed satisfyed 
that the said Fish Kill is the Maine River of Delaware 
it selfe, which Latitude was taken at the Ends of the 
Small Instrument they made use of, and tho' An In- 
denture was Executed of their Proceedings there, 
They have been so Just therein (as we are Informed) 
As to say that their Discovery was by Information, 
That Indeed the Com 1 ' 8 sent Cap- John Harrison a Jer- 
sey Gentl. to look what Branches there might be 
betwixt the Rivers of Delaware and Suskehanna, Who 
upon his Return Reported there were none, Tho' he 
was heard to Own that he Mett with One so Wide and 
Deep that he was Obliged to make a Float before he 
could get over it, And Wee are Credibly Inform'd that 
Severall Christians are Ready to Depose there is One 
or more Considerable Branches to the Westward of 
the Fish Kill, which it is possible Cap 1 Harrison Mist 
by Reason he set out about 21 Miles to the Southward 
of the Latitude, That after the said Latitude was Fix't 
on the Fish Kill in the Manner before Mentioned, The 
Survey" and only the Jersey Com 18 went to Madam 
Corbetts and made Repeated observations there, But in 
so Doing a Discovery was made that the said lu- 
strum? was Erroneous, For that the Latitude taken at 
the Middle differed above four Miles from those taken 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 437 

at the Ends thereof, And since at the Fish Kill use 
was made of the Ends tis' Evident beyond Contradic 
tion that the Station pretended to be Fixt there, Is 
Just so Much to the Northward of the true and Krai 
Latitude as the above Mentioned Difference Amounts 
to, That Complaints and Demonstrances of such 
Weight have been offered at Home against the Act of 
Assembly before Mentioned, That it is Uncertain 
whether the Same will be Approved or Disapproved of 
by his Majesty, tho' the same was past here in the 
yeare 1717 and it is Certain that in Case of a Disallow- 
ance every thing Done by vertue of that act will be 
void, But tis Impossible to foresee what Confusion and 
Mischiefs might Insue if this Affair should be Com- 
pleated and the said Act Rejected at the Same Time 

That the Fixing those Stations and Running the 
Line in the manner it has hitherto been Carryed on. 
Not only the Crowne but likewise many of yo r Peti' 3 
will be in Danger of being Encroached upon, And tho' 
many of us have spent their Labour and Substance 
upon their Severall Improvements for 30 or 40 years 
past, There Seems but Little Reason to Expect (in such 
Case) the like Justice and Indulgence would be Shewn 
by the other side as was heretofore Extended on the 
Part of this Province (as is hinted above) 

For these and Severall Reasons more Especially for 
the Minutenest of the Instrument (Being but 22 Indies 
Diameter) and its Varying so Considerable in its Self 
Yo r Petition'" 3 off err they will readilly be at half e the 
Charge of an Instrument to be sent for from London 
Proper and Large Enough for Settling and Fixing bhe 
true and Exact Station Points Which Instrument 
being first Tryed and Proved by Abie and Skillfull 
Artists at Home and Attested by them to be true and 
Correct; And the Obliquity of the Ecliptick Settled as 
it was Universally Received when the Grant was made 
to the Proprietors all Party s must then be Concluded 
by such Determination. 



438 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1T10 

Your Petition 7 " therefore most Humbly Pray that 
the Com' 5 and Survey 15 of this Province may Severally 
Deliver in a Journall of their Proceedings hitherto had 
that Wee may be favoured with Copys thereof, And 
that all further Proceedings may be Stayed untill his 
Majesties Allowance or Disallowance of the above 
Mentioned Act of Assembly is first Signifyed and 
untill such an Instrument Arrives here as is above 
Described 

And Yo r Peti rs as in Duty Bound shall ever Pray &c 

[The record of this document, in the Secretary of 
State's Office at Albany, has between forty and fifty 
names appended, nearly half of them of persons who 
made their marks and many of the others being 
illegible.] 



Letter from Colonel Schuyler of the New York Coun- 
cil to the Lords of Trade. 

[From New York Col. Docts., Vol. V, p. 533.1 

New York Nov r 21, 1719 

[Extract.] 

My Lords 

I forebore to Trouble your Lordships with a Petition 
from the owners of Land in this Province bordering 
on the lines of the Jerseys because I was in hopes the 
Gents of the Councill, to whom it was committed 
would have made a Report thereon that I might have 
transmitted both together but since some of the Jer- 
sey proprietors have presented a long memoriall to 
the President of that Province which I presume they 
either have or will send home I conceave it my duty 
to enclose a Coppy of said Petition that your Lordships 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 439 

may be apprised of the weight & validity of the Alle- 
gations contained therein which the Petitioners offer 
to make out except the mistake in the date of the 
Dukes grant, when the Council have made a Report 
on that Petition & the Petitioners their Remarks on 
the said Memorial, they shall be transmitted in like 
manner. 

I hope that in the mean while no solicitations of 
the other side may obtain any order to the Prejudice 
either of this His Majestys Province or of its Inhab- 
itants, untill they are first fully heard thereon 

As I conceave they are of Right entitled hereto I 
should have look d upon myself Remiss in my duty if I 
had not taken the liberty to recom d this to the care of 
your Lp s & I natter myself it will have its due effect. 

I am My Lords, Your Lordships mo humble S' 

P. Schuyler. 



Letter from Lewis Morris, President of the Council 
of New Jersey, to the Lords of Trade— about 
boundary tine and other Neiv Jersey affairs. 

| From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. H, D 97.] 

Letter from Coll. Morris, PresicU of y e Council, 
of New Jersey, Keced 24^ Dec! 1719 

Perth Amboy Novemb 1 ' 21: 1719 

My Lords. 

I am doubtfull, whether the clerke of the councill 
can get the minuts Coppyed, to Send your L'ps with 
this Ship: which I am told will saile on the 23 d It was 
in the time of harvest, when his Excellency left New 
Yorke and the councills Private affaires could not well 
admit them to meet sooner (without great hurt to 
themselves) then the time I first called them together. 



440 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

The Assessors of the Publique taxes, had neglected 
their duty: and I found the Act of Assembly which 
directed the raising of them, to be so loosly worded, 
that I durst not venture A Prosecution of them; So I 
put as good A face on the matter, as I could; Sent 
for the Assessors, And after hearing their reasons, for 
neglecting (which did not want weight) I reprimanded 
them and found a way, to make them believe they 
were very much favoured, in Scaping A Prosecution; 
and then Issued the Inclos'd Proclamation. 

The Successe, has hitherto Answer'd the Expecta- 
tion: and I am in hopes will prove Effectuall, for what 
it was Intended without using any method more Se- 
vere; which I am afraid, will be impracticable in this 
Province as we are now circumstanc't, let the neces- 
sity be never so great Enemyes of the publique peace 
(as Brigadier Hunter can truly Inf orme your Lordships) 
having had so great an Influence that whoever com- 
mands here can do little elce, but threaten : unlesse he 
has aid from without. 

I have reciev'd two letters, one from your Lordships 
of the 7 1 ? of August last, and another from Mr Secre- 
tary Popple of the 26 tu of the Same month; in the first 
your Lordships desire to know the Limmits and boun- 
daries, of the Province of New Jersie, which are as 
follows. 

It begins on Hudsons river, in the latitude of f ourty 
one degrees, and runs from thence, in a direct h'ne to 
the latitude of f ourty one degrees And f ourty minutes 
on the northermost branch of the river Delaware, then 
it runs downe, following the course of the river Dela- 
ware, to Cape May: w c . h is the northermost point, on 
the mouth, or Enterance into that river, which there, 
and for many leagues up, looses the name of Dela- 
ware river, and is call'd Delaware bay. from Cape May 
it Extends Northward, along the Sea to Sandy hooke; 
and from the northward of A great bay call'd Sandy 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 441 

hooke bay (into which the rivers of Hudson, Rariton, 
Hackinsack and Pisaick, empty themselves) it Extends 
along the river of Hudson, to the latitude of fourty 
one first mentioned. 

It is bounded on the South East, by the Sea and on 
y e East, partly by the Sea, and partly by Hudsons 
river, which divides it from part of the Province of 
New Yorke. on the north East by the Province of 
New Yorke; A direct line from the latitude of fourty 
one degrees, on hudsons river, to the latitude of fourty 
one degrees and fourty minutes on the Delaware being 
the line of Partition between them, it is bounded on 
the South, Southwest, and west, by the bay and river 
of Delaware, which divides, it from the Province of 
Pensilvania. 

The best Voucher I know of, for these boundaries, 
is A grant from the late King James when Duke of 
Yorke, to my Lord Barclay and Sir George Carteret: 
which I think is Enrolled in Chancery; if not; the 
Jersie Societie, can (I suppose) furnish your Lordships 
with it, or. if your Lordships thinke it necessary, I 
can get it taken out of the records here, and transmit 
it to you. 

What course the line of Partition (that divides New 
Yorke from Jersie) will run, is not yet Determin'd; 
and till that is done, I cannot Send your Lordships A 
correct map of this Province, but I'll Endeavour to 
get one, as good, as the present circumstances will 
Admit. 

The Ascertaining that Partition line is All most of 
Absolute necessity; the few people that Inhabit, nigh 
some parts where its Suppos'd t'will run, are continu- 
ally Quarrelling; they cut & carry away whole fields 
of corne, from Each other and do all the mischief they 
can, Short of killing one another: and I believe it will 
not be long before they come up to that. 

The only thing thay agrea in, is not to pay any pub- 



442 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

lique taxes, and the measures they take, render them 
as unable, as they are unwilling. 

the Legislature, both of this Province and New 
Yorke, have been so farr convinc't of the necessity of 
Ascertaining that line, that money has been raisd, and 
publique Acts passt, for that Purpose; (which I pre- 
sume has been Long Since laid before your Lordships.) 
by Virtue of which, commissioners, And Surveyors 
were Appointed, And had Entred upon, And made 
great progresse in the worke, before Brigadier Hunter 
left America; and had he stayed Six weekes Longer, 
in all probability it had been finished: but his back 
was no Sooner turned, than a Stop was put to it, for 
the reasons given, in the report of a committee of the 
Councill of New Yorke, upon the Petition of one Jar- 
rat appointed Surveyor for the Line on the Part of New 
Yorke; & the Petition of others to be concern'd 

They are herewith Inclos'd and a long Memoriall of 
the Proprietors of Jersie to me, in answer to them, to 
which, I humbly beg leave to referre your L'ps. All I 
shall observe on them is, that I know there was Such 
an Agreement, between the Governours of New Yorke 
and Jersie, as the Proprietors mention for I was pres- 
ent though but young. 

I have reason to believe, that some of the Councill 
of that Province, have taken up Large tracts of land 
in Jersie, to the Southward of that line, by virtue of 
Grants from New Yorke; which; Grants were, for 
Land in New Yorke, and not in Jersie: and bounded 
by those Grants, on the division hue: though tooke 
up by the Gentlemen much to the Southward of it. 

ftone of the Gentlemen of the Councill Appeares to 
the Petition; but some of the Petitioners (If I am not 
Verry much missinformed) derive by mesne convey- 
ances from them, or, are in partnership with them; 
and the persons that Subscratch then marks are Some 
Inhabitants of tappan, brought in, to make up an Ap- 
pearance. 



1719] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 443 

They are using what Endeavours they can. to get 
tennants to Settle: and thinke themselves secure 
enough in the possession, as long as they can defeat 
the running of that line; and as things are now cir- 
cumstanc't. they will be capable of doing it : which 
makes the Proprietors, 'who thinke themselves much 
Injured) verry Pressing with me, to run it on the part 
of Jersie. 
I humbly begg your Lordships Directions about it. 
I have communicated M r Secretary Popple's letter, 
to the councill: and Shall Issue a Proclamation, that 
the manufacturers of tarre, may know the conditions 
on which the premium will be paid; which I hope will 
prove Effect uall, to prevent the great abuse of that 
commodity, in Jersie 

The Russian method of barking, or something like 
it, has been tryed by Brigadier Hunter: but I thinke 
without Successe. 

I have seen the chipps of some of the barkt trees, 
Sent to him (and I suppose of the best) which were 
good for nothing: but whether that was Owing to the 
heat of the clime, or a wrong method I wont Presume 
to determine. 

I'll make an Essay on A few trees, and let your Lord- 
ships know the Success . 

Hemp may be easily raisd in great quantities in 
this country: but we do not well understand the man- 
ager}' of it. 

I humbly submit it to your Lordships consideration 
Whether, if a few families, that understood it. were 
plaot by his majestic on some propper lands in the 
Province of New Yorke (of which there are great 
quantities) and oblig'd to attend solely the raising of 
hemp, it would not be the best direction: and of use. 
I have made some changes of Officers. Since the 
Governour left America, which I have done by advice 
of the councill; the reasons of so doing, are contein'd 



444 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1719 

in the minutes of councill. I humbly hope your Lord- 
ships, upon perusall of them, will think that I have 
not done amisse. 

The public Occasions made it necessary for new Jer- 
sie as well as New Yorke, to Strike bills of credit, 
which were by the Acts of the Generall Assembly, 
made currant, at certain rates in the bills mention'd 
and for a certain time, which is pass't: but the money 
raised to Sinke them (should it be duely collected and 
paid) will not (if I am rightly Inform'd) be sufficient 
for that Purpose: so that many of them, must remain 
in private hands; which will be attended, with 111 
consequences to the publique credit, if care be not 
taken to prevent it. A miscalculation by the Assem- 
bly, Occasioned this; and I feare. I shall be under a 
necessity of calling them together, to make suitable 
provisions, to Support their owne Credit. As nothing 
but an Absolute, and Evident Necessity, Shall prevaile 
on me, to meet them, or passe any Act: So I shall 
Endeavour, my Conduct with them, Shall be Such, as 
may Induce Your Lordships to think favourably Of: 
My Lords, Your Lordships 

Most Obedient and Most Humble Servant, 

Lewis Morris. 1 

Right Honb 1 ? y e Lords of Trade and Plantations. 



Caveat of Daniel Coxe— relating to Partition Line. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. HI, E. 15.1 

M r Dan! Coxe's Caveat against an Act of New 
Jersey, pass'd there in March 1719 for Run- 
ning & ascertaining the Line of Partition 

1 Lewis Morris. A brief notice of the President of the Council, upon whom the 
Government of the Province now devolved, will be found in Vol. II, p. 217, but a 
reference to subsequent pages and to those that are yet to be printed, will furnish 



1719] 



ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 



445 



between the Eastern & Western Divisions 
of that Province, &c. 

December y e 8 l : h 1719 
A Caveat this day Entered by Daniel Coxe Esqf 
against an Act of Assembly passed in his Majesty's 
Province of New-Jersey in America, Entituled, An 
Act for Running and Ascertaining the Line of Parti- 
tion or Division between the Eastern and Western 
Divisions of the Province of New Jersey and for pre- 
venting Disputes for the future Concerning the same; 
And for Securing to the General Proprietors of the 
Soil of Each of the Divisions & Persons Claiming 
under them their Several & respective Possessions 
Rights & just Claims. And it's Desired that when the 
same shall be Layed before the Lords Commissioners 
of Trade and Plantations, notice thereof may be Sent 



much additional information, as to the important positions held by him, and the 
influence he exerted in the various questions affecting public policy, during his 
whole life. Colonel Morris, as he was generally called, wrote his name very differ- 
ently at different periods. The first form met with was 




but at the time at present under review he wrote his name 





446 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1720 

to Said Daniel Coxe at his Lodgings N° 7 in Boswell 
Court in little Lincolns-Inn-Fields, he having much to 
offer against it. 

Dan: Coxe— 



Letter from President Lewis Morris, of New Jersey, 
to Peter Schuyler, President of the Council of 
New York. 

IFrom N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. LXH, p. 77.] 

March 31, 1720 
Much Honoured. 

Tide and Wind which will stay for no man forces 
me to hurry away without being able to do myself the 
honor of Waiting on you before I go w dl I very much 
regrate having (besides the Satisfaction of paying my 
regards) to you) the affaire of running the division 
Lilies between New Jersie and New Yorke to settle (If 
I can) with you. 

The necessity of running them is Visible to all not 
willfully blind or whose frauds and encroachments on 
Either side have made it their Intrest to oppose it we 
are both of us told by our Superiors that his Majestie 
thinks it necessary to know the limits and boundaries 
of his several American collonies & what directions he 
has given concerning these under our care, you are no 
Stranger to; I shall think it my duty in obedience to 
his Majesties Commands and in compliance wth. the 
directions of the Legislature in both Provinces to do 
what I can in order to Settle and discover the limits 
and boundaries of the Province of Jersie & hope your 
hon r will be so farr assisting w th respect to y e line w ch 
is a limit to both Provinces that his Majesties com- 
mands may be put in Execution and an End put to 



1720] ADMINISTRATION OP PRESIDENT MORRIS. 447 

the QuarreUs and Strifes which almost daily happen 
between the borderers w ch at Present is a Very great 
hindrance to the Settlement and Improvement of both 
Provinces and the Extending of his Majesties Do- 
minion 

I am : With very great regard 
much Honored Your Very Humble Servant 

Lewis Morris. 
Honourable Peter Schuyler, Esq!' President of his 
Majesties Councill for the Province of New Yorke 

These. 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Mr. Secretary 
Craggs, transmitting the Commissions of William 
Burnet as Governor of New York and Neiv Jer- 
sey. 

I From N. Y. Col. Docts.. Vol. V, p. 538.] 

To the Right Hon ble M r Sec Craggs 

Sir 

In obedience to his Majesty's Commands, Signified 
to us by your letter of the 1 9 of the last Month, We 
have prepared the draughts of Commissions for W m 
Burnet Esq: to be His Majestys Capt n General and 
Gov r in Chief of his Majestys Provinces of New York 
and New Jersey, which being in the usual form We 
herewith transmit the same to you in order to be laid 
before his Majesty in Council. And we are preparing 
the necessary instructions for the said W ni Burnet Esq: 
with all possible dispatch, We are Sir 

Your most obedient & most humble servants 

Westmoreland 
Whitehall Cha: Cooke 

May 4, 1720 T. Pelham 

M. Bladen 



448 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1720 



Letter from President Lewis Morris of New Jersey, to 
Peter Schuyler, President of Council of New York. 

[From Certified Copy among Papers of F. J. Paris in New Jersey Historical Society 
Library, Vol. A, p. 141.1 

May 6 th 1720 
Sir 

I have not had the honour to receive any answer 
from you Concerning what I last wrote to you, about 
runing the Lines Between New York and Jerseys. 
When I went to Amboy, I met with Complaints of 
Riots, that had been committed by Some of the Inhab- 
itants of New York, on those living in Jersey, and the 
Bearers of this are now before me, with other com- 
plaints of the Same nature; and They tell me Judge 
Walter has been a witness of some of the ill usage 
they have met with. This Shows the Necessity of 
Runing that Line, I am at a loss to find the true rea- 
son of delaying it; as for the pretended one, of M r 
Jarratt's dissatisfaction, I cannot think it ever was 
Convincing to those who Seemed to lay the Greatest 
Stress upon it; but that (whatever end it might Serve) 
ought to be no longer an obstacle; Since an other per- 
son is commissioned in his Stead. The Keeping the 
publick peace, is very much intrusted to us in both 
these provinces; and the Runing that Line Seems to 
me, one (almost absolutely necessary) mean to pre- 
serve it, and till that be done direction Given to the 
inhabitants of each Province to wait the Issue without 
entering into Such Tumultuary measures, I shall be 
very uneasy to be laid under the necessity of Repelling 
force by force; and hope your directions to those of 
his Majesties Subjects under your Government, Will 
for the future prevent any complaints of this Kind. 
The Complainants waits on you to Begg you will So 



1720] 



ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 



449 



far interpose your Authority as to Give the most 
Effectual directions you can, that the Borderers on 
your Side, be Obliged to Keep the King's peace, till the 
affair of the Lines be adjusted. 

Yours 

Lewis Morris 



Brigadier Hunter's Answer to ye Circular Queries 
relating to New Jersey. Received with his letter 
of 11th of August, 1720. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey. Vol. II. D 95 and 96.] 

Queries for Brigadf Hunter, relating to New 

Jersey. 

r. f What is the Situation The Proprietary^ Pat- 
of the Province of New ent Nicely Answers this 
Jersey by the Nature of the 
Country its' Longitude, 
Latitude &cc?( 



2*? What are the reputed 
boundaries thereof? 

;■:' What is the Constitu- 
tion of the Government? 

4 th What is the Trade of 
that Province, the Number 
of Shipping their Tonnage 
& the Number of Seafaring 
men with their ^Respective 
Increase or Diminution? 



29 



And this 

The Patent and In- 
structions to the Gov r 
make y e Constitution 

Litle or no Trade of 
their Own, The town of 
New York And Philadel- 
phia which take off all 
their produce Save them 
that trouble Not one Ship, 
and but a few Coasting 
Sloops 



450 



ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 



[1720 



5' : h What Quantity and 
Sorts of British Manufac- 
tures do the Inabitants an- 
nually take from hence? 

6 1 : 11 What Trade has that 
Province, with any for- 
eign Plantations or any 
part of Europe besides 
Great Britain? How is that 
Trade carry 'd on? What 
Commodities do the People 
in that Province send to or 
receive from Foreign Plan- 
tations? 

TV 1 What Methods are 
there us'd to prevent illegal 
Trade & are the same Effec- 
tual^ 

Sf What is the Natural 
produce of the Country, 
Staple Commodities & man- 
ufactures? 



They have it all from 
the Towns above nam'd 



None at all 



The same with that of 
New York 



9V What Mines are there A great quantity of 

Iron Some Copper as 'tis 
Said but I never Saw any 
lOV Wliat may be the an- 
nual Produce of the Com- 
modities of this Province? 

11 th What is the Number They Increase more 
of Inhabitants, Whites and then these in New York, 
Blacks? the Soile being better 

and the proprietary^ 
more tractable, that In- 
is crease Chiefly from 
New England and of 
Late from Ireland 



1720] 



ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 



451 



12V Are the Inhabitants 
increas'd or decreas'cl of late 
and for what Reasons? 

L3V What is the Number 
of the Militia? 

14V What fforts & Places 
of Defence are there? And 
in what Condition? 

15V What Number of In- 
dians are there? and how 
are they inclin'd? 

16V What is the Strength 
of the Neighbouring In- 
dians? 

17V What is the Strength 
of the Neighbouring Euro- 
peans? 

18V What Effect have the 
French Settlements on the 
Continent of America upon 
his Majesty's Plantations? 



About three thousand. 



Not one of any kind 



The Indians few harm- 
lesse and Inconsiderable 
under Command of y e 
five Nations of Iroquois 



The same panick as at 
York 



19 l . h What is the Revenue The Act will Shew it 



arising within that Gov" 1 
and how is it appropriated? 



and the Resolves deter- 
mine the appropriation 
as at New York, That 
Act Expires Soon 



20V What are Ordinary I must ref err to y* Act 
& extraordinary Expenses Resolves of Assembly 
of the Government? 



21? What are the Estab- 
lishing Civil & Military 



The Same with that of 
New York, Only the 



452 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1720 

within that Government, & Chief Justice Instead of 
what Officers hold by Pat- Circuits holds his Courts 
ent immediately from the only at the two towns of 
Crown? Amboy and Burlington 

No patents but the Secre- 
tary s and Attorney Gen- 
erals. 



Proceedings of the Council of West Jersey Proprie- 
tors — relating to the line of Partition between the 
two Provinces. 

I From Papers of James Alexander, Surveyor General, in Rutherrurd Collection. J 

At a meeting of the Councill of Proprietors 
held the 12 th day of the 6 th mo: 1720— 

Three of the Managers appointed by the late act of 
Assembly Intituled an Act for running and assertain- 
ing the line of partition or Division between the East- 
ern and Western Divisions of New Jersey &c James 
Logan Thomas Lambert and John Beading being 
present laid before the Board the necessity there is to 
dispatch the running the said partition line with all 
Expedition and have acquainted them that at a meet- 
ing appointed by the said Managers with the Mana- 
gers for the Eastern Division at Trentham in Aprill 
last and agreed that the running of the said line should 
be begun as early as possible this ensueing fall and 
thereupon they did desire the advice of this board 
touching the appointment of and agreement with the 
Surveyors and other persons who are to be Imploy'd 
Jointly with those of East Jersey in carrying on the 
said work. And the same being taken into Consid- 
eration it is unanimously agree'd by the said Managers 
and this Board that John Beading one of the said 



L720] ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. 453 

Managers shall as Surveyor attend and Assist (on the 
p l of this Western Division) James Allexander the 
Surveyor Generall of the Province in running the said 
Division line throughout the whole work And that 
their be allow'd and paid to the said James Allexander 
as Surveyor Generall on the p* of this Western Divi- 
sion twelve shillings proclamation money And to the 
said John Reading the like summ of twelve Shillings 
of the same money for every working day which they 
shall spend in the fields or woods upon the said work 
from the time of their first meeting at litle egg har- 
bour where the work is to be begun and so from time 
to time for every day they shall so spend as aforesaid 
untill the running of the said partition line be com- 
pleatly finished. Provided nevertheless that they the 
said Surveyors shall make all the reasonable dispatch 
they can to finish the said work 

It is further agree'd that at least two persons with 
their horses shall be hired and Imploy'd on the p l of 
this Western Division to attend the said Surveyors as 
chain Carriers Joyntly with those who are to be Pro- 
vided on the p l of the Eastern Division and for other 
necessary Services and that all those that are imploy'd 
on the said work shall be furnished with provision by 
the Managers at the Publick charge. And that the 
said Managers shall provide all things which shall be 
further necessary to Carry on the said work. 

Joseph Kirkbride and John Reading appointed Com- 
missioners by the Governour by vertue of an act 
Intituled an Act for running and assertaining the 
Division line betwixt this Province and the Province 
of New York having on the part of this Division 
attended to the said work in the Months of June and 
July &c A D 1719 for the space of forty days in fixing 
the station point in the latitude of 41 deg: and 40 min: 
on Dellaware river which is the point of beginning as 
well for divideing between the Eastern and Western 



4o4 ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT MORRIS. [1720 

part of this Province as between the province and the 
Province of New York are by agreement of the Mana- 
gers and this board allow'd ten shillings p diem or 
twenty pounds each proclamation money for the said 
services It is also agree'd that James Allexander Sur- 
veyor Generall shall be allow'd thirty pounds like 
money for his services on the p l of this Western Divi- 
sion in discovering the said Station at the time afore- 
said 

a true copy p me John Wills Cleric: 



INDEX 



INDEX. 



Address: of Council to Gov Hunter, 17.— 
of Council and Assembly to the King 
upon the defeat of the Scotch rebel- 
lion, 25-2. 
Adkinson: William, 98. i 

Affirmations of Quakers: Approved ot, | 

334 
Aeent for the Province: wanted in Lon- 
don 209, 336— Lords of Trade recom- 
mend the appointment of one. 375. 
Alexander- James, Authorized to collect 
Quit-rents, 241. -Appointed Surveyor | 
General of West Jersey, 288— Ap- 
pointed one of the Commissioners 
for running the division line, 394 — 
Notice of, 399. 
Alexander: Joseph. 215. 
Alexander: Robert, 215. 
Allison: Richard, 3l0.-Letter to, from 

Daniel Coxe, 266, 274. 
Alston: John, 190 

\nderson: John. Recommended toi the 
Council, 63, 153, 154, 169. -Referred to 
by Rev. Jacob Henderson, 156 -Ap- 
pointed one of the Council 170, 71, 
fag —Character of, sustained, 178, 179. 
-Referred to, 253, 334.-Fees paid to, 

or-n 0-70 

Arents:' Jacob, Indicted, 88.-Natural- 
ized. 382. 



Arnold: Elizabeth, 89.— Indicted, 88. 

Assembly: Discussion about place ot 
noting, 12, 13, 16, 227, 230.-Minutes 
of (1711). 19.— Appropriations ot, ~J — 
Expels Major Sandford. ^.-Repre- 
sentation of, respecting administra- 
tion of Lord Combury, 24. 130. -Ad- 
dress of, to Gov. Hunter against 
William Hall, one of the Council. ,9. 
-Memorial of, to Gov. Hunter re- 
lating; to perversions of justice, »<.— 
Petitions of, about missing records, 
110 -Address of, to the Queen, 134.- 
Raise £5,000 for expedition to 
Albany, 138.-Address to, from Gov. 
Hunter, about absence of mem- 
bers, 249.— Address of, to Gov. Hun- 
ter, about expelling their Speaker 
250 -Speech to, from Gov. Hunter 
(1716) 267— Meets at Crosswicks or 
Chesterfield. 273 -Acts of, comment- 
ed on by Gov. Hunter. 292.-Address 
of, approving of Gov. Hunter's ad- 
ministration (1711 ), 303. 

Assessors of Counties: Proclamation to, 

Asheton: Robert, of Pennsylvania Coun- 
cil. 393. 



Bacon: John, 215. 
Bacon: Joseph, 215. 
Bacon: Samuel, 215. 
Bacon: William, 215. 
Baird: Mr. (Peter), Naturalized 197.- 
Recommended for the Council, 377. 

I^nhSfSbridge): John, Recom- 
mended f or^ the Council. 217, 3,.>.- 

Bam D pfieklfMr!!305.-Alluded to in con- 
nection wiCi the agency ot the Prov- 
ince, 388. 

Bane (Basse ?): Mr., 321. 

Banks: Joseph, 370. 

Bankrupts: Bill relating to, 12b. 



Barclay: John, 9, 242. -Letter from, 
about preparations for Gov Hunter, 
13 -His statement about P. Sonmans, 
15'.- Sergeant at Arms, 371.-Pr< "v" 1 , 
ings of Council against, 42.-Uerk oi 
Middlesex and Somerset counties. 
142.— Salary paid. 369. 

Barkstead: J.. 344 

Barlett: Thomas. 80, S3 

Bartow Rev. John. 1 <4. 

r«rrp- Jeremiah, Chosen to represent 

BaS Bm£K k-Addresses and de- 
positions against, as Secretary of the 
Cvince,7i74.-Indictedforperjury 
and forgery. 88, 97.-Answer of, to G. 
W illocks. CO.-Obnoxious to Gov 



458 



INDEX. 



Hunter, 139, 172, 209, 234.— Complain- 
ed of by the Proprietors, 141.— Diffi- 
culties of, with Thos. Gardiner, 144, 
148.— Letter about election to Council 
of Proprietors, 152.— His salary, 185, 
368-371.— Acts of, referred to, 237. 

Bergen County: Taxes, 368.369. 

Bergen Representatives paid: 370. 

Becten: Daniel. 188. 

Beys: Rev. Henricus. 174. 

Bickley: May, Indicted, 88, 97. 

Billoppe: Christopher, 345. 

Billop: Joseph, Escheator General, 129, 
132. 

Birchfield: Mr., Surveyor General of 
Customs, 49, 78: 124. 139. 

Bishop: Noah, 188. 

Bishop: John, 10, 190. 

Bond: Captain, 89. 

Bondet: Rev. Daniel, 174. 

Bonnel: Joseph, 253. 

Bowne : John. Removed from Judgeship 
in Monmouth County, 129.— Proposed 
for the Council, 133. 

Bown: Obadiah, 111. 

Bowne : Andrew, One of the Council, 76. 

Bradford: William, Appointed Clerk of 
Assembly, 123.— His salary, 185, 368, 
369, 371. 

Bransart: Thomas, 310. 



Bridges: John, 141. 

Bridge: Rev. Charles, 174. 

Bridges: Mr., 223. 

Bristol, Penna. : Church to be opened at. 

225. 
Brown: John, 9, 98, 99. 
Brown: George, 9. 
Browne: Nicholas, 310. 
Browne: Abraham, 309. 
Brumson: Barefoot, 89. 
Bulark: John, 310. 
Bunting: William, 371. 
Bunn: Miles, 189. 
Burlington: 11, 13, 14, 16, 22. 57, 67, 73, 

74, 76, 88, 95, 97, 128, 129, 142, 157, 167, 

172, 184, 221, 224. 225, 227, 239, 240, 261, 

264, 273, 274. 276, 277.— Small-pox at. 

264.— Office of Surveyor General of 

West Jersey at, 289. 
Burlington County taxes: 368, 369, 370. 
Burnet: William, Exchanges positions 

with Robert Hunter, 12. 
Bustall: Samuel, 261, 344.— Letter from, 

262. 
Byerly: Thomas, 253, 326, 334. 363.— 

Recommended for the Council, 62, 

153, 154, 169.— Referred to by Rev. 

Jacob Henderson, 157.— Approved of 

for the Council, 171, 182.— Fees paid. 

370, 372. 



Callwell: Allen, 9. 

Campbell: John, 9.— High Sheriff of Mid- 
dlesex and Somerset, 142. 

Candler: John, 215. 

Cape May County taxes: 368, 369. 

Champion: Matthew, 253, 370. 

Champance: Mr., 257. 

Chesterfield: Assembly meets at, 273. 

Clackford: Daniel, 10. 

Clarke: George, 285.— Notice of, 119. — 
Salary as Auditor General. 185. 368. 

Clarke: Thomas, 344. 

Clarke: Benjamin, 253, 370. 

Clarkson: James, 189 

Clauson: William, 189. 

Cleayton: Arthur, 310. 

Cleayton: Zebulon, 300. 

Clements: Jacob, 310. 

Clowes: William, 309. 

Commissioners: For trying pirates, 339. — 
to run partition line, 382, 396.— or- 
ders to John Harrison, 391. 

Commissions: of Wm. Burnet, Governor 
of New York and New Jersey. 447. 

Cook: John, 215. 

Coram: Thomas, Memorial of, about 
hemp and iron, 256. 

Cooper: John, High Sheriff of Essex 
County. 142. 

Cose: Charles, 14. 

Cornbury: Lord, Representations re- 
specting Ms administration. 21. 120, 
129, 130. 211. 2!)8. -Letter from, about 
certain acts, 199. 

Council: Address of, to Gov. Hunter 
(1711), 17.— Changes in, suggested by 
Gov. Hunter, 01, 149.— Several mem- 
bers complained of, 115, 141.— Letter 
from one of them to William Dock- 
wra, 118. —Members of, not allowed to 
be Assistant Judges. 150.— Vacancies 



in, referred to, 227, 363, 374.— Fees of, 
paid, 369, 372.— Members of, in 1718, 
273. 

Counties: Boundaries of, objected to, 68. 

County Taxes: 368, 369. 

County Assessors: Neglectful, 400. 

Court: Supreme, objected to as consti- 
tuted, 69.— Chancery, wanted, 70, 196. 
—Governor authorized to appoint, 
114. — Two Judges of Supreme, ap- 
pointed, 139.— State of Courts of Judi- 
cature, 166.— Plantation Courts, 349. 

Cramer: John, 147. 

Crane: Jasper, 111. 

Craven: Thomas, 215. 

Cravon: Peter, 215. 

Coxe (Cox): Col. Daniel, 14, 61, 142, 144, 
145. 148, 149, 152, 207, 209, 210, 213, 216, 
230, 233, 243, 260. 293. 294, 290, 298. 311, 
512, 323.— Referred to by Rev. Jaoob 
Henderson, 157, 164.— Removed from 
the Council, 182. — Remonstrates 
against the reappointment of Gov. 
Hunter, 198, 203, 297.— Case between 
him and Hunter stated, 243.— Ex- 
pelled from Assembly, 250, 254. — 
Holds Councils in Pennsylvania, 255, 
258.— Letter from, to Richard Allison, 
266. — Lowest and meanest of the 
people influenced by him, 310.— 
Caveat against division line, 445. 

Cox: Captain and Colonel, Asked to 
hasten the dispatch of troops to 
Albany, 135.— Letter to, about dis- 
charging volunteers, 136. 

Coxe: Samuel, 198, 216. 

Cumin: Benjamin, 10. 

Cumen: George, 9. 

Cutter: Richard, 10. 

Curyslet: John, 9. 



INDEX. 



459 



I). 



Dare: William, 80. 

Davis: Thomas. 186, 188. 

Deacon: George, 130, 326, 334, 373.— Ap- 
pointed Assistant Judge. 132. — Refer- 
red to by Rev. Jacob Henderson, 157, 
165.— Fees paid, 369, 372. 

Dean: William, 310. 

DeCow: Isaac, Justice of the Peace. 276, 
381. 

Dennis: Charles. 215. 

Dennis. Junior: Jonathan. 215. 

Dennis: Philis, li)0. 

Dennis: Samuel, 186. 188, 215. 

Denes (Dennis): Joseph. 215, 309. 

Die: John, 10. 

Dickinson: Jonathan, of Pennsylvania 
Council, 31)3. 

Division Line between the Provinces: 
Discussed, 377-381, 386, 388, 394-399, 
408-151,433-411. 



Dockwra: William, 115.— Letter from, 
with one from a member of the 
Council, 116. 

Dominique: Paul. 141. — Recommends cer- 
tain persons for the Council. 154, 169 

Doughty : Jacob, 253, 370. 

Dowes: William, 310. 

Dowse: Thomas. 310. 

Drake: Andrew, 180. 

Drake: John, 111. 

Drummy: John. 328. 

Dun: Samuel. 188. 

Dunn : Hugh, 186, 188. 

Duncan: Charles, Suggested for the 
Council, 133. 

Dunham: David, 186, 189. 

Dunham (Donham): Benajah. 188, 190. 

Dunham: Edmund. 187. 188. 

Dunster: Charles, 141. 



Eier: William, 370. 

Elections: Instructions respecting, 3. 

Act regulating, rejected, 55. 
Else: John, 189. 



Essex County taxes: 368, 369. 
Evillman: William, 310. 
Ewbank: George, 189, 190. 



Farmar: Thomas, 9, 15, 50, 68, 77, 119, 
253.— Removal from Collectorship of 
Perth A.mboy, 49, 121.— Affidavit of, 
respecting Thomas Gordon, 74.— 
Notice of, 123.— Appointed Judge of 
Middlesex and Somerset counties. 
129. — Lived in New York government, 
124, 132.— Supplies of his troops for 
Albany, 135.— The movements of his 
troops, 137.— Appointed Judge of Su- 
preme Court, 139.— Candidate as High 
Sheriff, 186.— His salary as Second 
Judge, 308-372. 

Field: Jeremiah, 9. 

Field: John, 10. 

Fisher: William, 98. 

Fithing: Jonah, 215. 



Fitz Randolph: Nathaniel, 186, 189. 

Fitz Randolph: John, 189. 

Fitz Randolph, Peter, 215. 

Fitz Randolph: Christopher, 215. 

Ford: John, 10. 

Foreman: Alexander, 215. 

Forster: Miles, 375. 377. 

Fox: Thomas, 310, 

Fox: William, 310. 

Freeman: Edward, 189. 

Freeman: Henry, 188. 

Freeman: John, 10. 

Fretwell: Peter, 126, 152, 283.— Recom- 
mended for the Council, 326, 334, 363. 
— Appointed, 391. 

Furniss: Samuel, 278. 279, 282.— Justice 
of the Peace, 276. 



(i. 



Gardiner: Thomas, 13, 119, 120, 136, 142, 
152, 165.— Notice of, 128.— Letter from, 
about J. Basse, 144,. 147.— Basse re- 
fuses to swear him into office, 148.— 
Dies, 175. 

Garrett: John, 310. 

Gateau: Nicholas, 310. 

Geedes: John. 371. 

Gullman: Charles, 186. 

Gillman: Joseph, 189. 

Gloucester County: Magistrates of, 
thanked by Gov. Hunter, 159.— Taxes 
of, 368, 369. 

Godbert: Thomas, 80, 81, 83. 

Gookin: Colonel, Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania, Proceedings complained of, 
160.— Going to England as Coxe's 
ambassador, 255. 

Goolby : Samuel, 147. 

Gordon: Thomas, 110, 119, 121, 128, 129, 
141, 142, 228, 234.— One of the Council, 



15, 253.— Proceedings against when 
S] >eaker of the Assembly, 71. and at 
other times, 75-77, 106.— Referred to 
by Rev. Jacob Henderson, 157. 165.- 
Answers him, 176.— Character of, sus- 
tained, 177, 180.— His account as Re 
ceiver General, 185, 368.— Appointed 
Attorney General, 209.— Certain paj 
ments sanctioned, 217. -Salary of, 
368, 369, 372. 

Gordon: Robert, of Pitburgh and Si ra 
loch, grandfather of Thomas, 177. 

Gosling: John. [47, 

Governors of Plantations: Duties and 
powers of, etc., 851. 

Grachoise: Robert, 9. 

Griffith: Alexander, Attorney General, 
184.— Salary. 185, 368. 369.— Removed 
by Gov. Hunter. 209. 

Griffith: Benjamin. 107. 

Griffith: John. 186, 189. 



460 



INDEX. 



H. 



Halgard: John, 147. 

Haliday: Rev. T.. 174, 180. 

Halker: John, 190. 

Hall: Thomas, 253, 370. 

Hall: William, 61, 124, 125.— One of the 
Council complained of by the Assem- 
bly, 79-81. — His answer, 82. — His re- 
moval from the Council asked for, 
149, and granted, 182. — Referred to 
by Rev. Jacob Henderson, 157. 164. 

Hamilton: Mrs., Has nothing to lend to 
Gov. Hunter. 14. 

Hamilton: John, 253. — Recommended for 
the Council, 62, 153. 154. 169.— Ap- 
pointment approved, 171, 182.— Notice 
of, 183.— Salary paid, 370. 372. 

Hammell: John, 98 310. 

Hancock: John, 98. 

Harper: Alexander, Doorkeeper of Coun- 
cil, 185.— His salary, 368. 

Harris: Stephen, 310. 

Harison: Edward, 9. 

Harrison: John, 10. 253, 370, 375, 436.— 
Ordered to examine the projected 
division line, 391. 

Harrison: Samuel, 108, 109. 

Harrison: William, 9. 

Harriott: David, 98, 99. 

Hartshome: Richard, 111, 275, 285, 318. 

Haskoll: John, Doorkeeper, Salary, 369, 
371. 

Henderson: Rev. Jacob, Representation 
by, of the state of the Church, 155.— 
Remarks thereon, 161.— Letter to. 
from clergy of New Jersey, 173. 

Heiston: Obadiah, Sergeant' at Arms, 
salary paid, 369. 

Hendrixson: Jacob, 113. 

Hewett: David, 10. 

Hewlings: Jacob, 147. 309. 

Hicks: Isaac, One of the Commissioners 
to run partition line, 383, 394. 

Higgins: Jediah (Jedediah), 9. 15. 

Hill: Richard, One of Pennsylvania 
Council, 393. 

Hollingsworth: John, 113. 

Hoiks, Junior: Thomas. Sheriff of Bur- 
lington County, 142. 

Hooglandt: D., 190. 

Hoost: William, 10. 

Hopewell: Missionary for. wanted, 225. 

Huddy: Hugh. 41, 61. 75. 132, 157. 161, 206. 



— Has a patent for carriages, 129.— 
Fees of, paid, 369. 372. 

Huddy: Charles, 344. 

Hude (Hudd): Adam, 10, 88, 89, 98, 99, 
187, 334, 375. 

Hugg: John, Nominated for the Council. 
363.— Approved, 373. 

Hull: Benjamin. 189. 

Hull: Hopewell, 188. 

Humbly: Peter, 344. 

Humphreys: Joshua, 152, 278. 

Hutchings: Roger, 113. 

Hurlings: Abraham, 147. 

Hunterdon County Taxes: 368, 369. 

Hunter: Robert. Instructions to as Gov- 
ernor, 1-6.— His Commission. 1.— His 
arrival announced, 6. — How esti- 
mated by Col. Quary, 7.— Petition to. 
from Freeholders of Middlesex 
County, against Peter Sonmans, 8.— 
Writes about Lady Lovelace, 10.— 
Notice of. 11.— Preparations for his 
accommodation. 13, 14. — Address of 
Council to (1711). 17.— His opinion of 
certain acts (1711), 52. (1715) 221.— Ob- 
jects to certain members of the Coun- 
cil, 149, 151. — Referred to by Rev. 
Jacob Henderson, 155. —Reference by. 
to Mr. Henderson, 158, 174.— Thanks 
magistraes of Gloucester County, 
158. — Had Queen's Chapel, New York, 
repaired, 163.— Salary, etc., 185, 368, 
369, 371.— Commissions renewed. 202. 
—Comments on Rev. Mr. Talbot. 209. 
and on Rev. Mr. Vesey, 216, 254. — 
Case between him and Coxe stated, 
243. — Address to Assembly about ab- 
sence of members,249. —Comments on 
Coxe, 255, 258, 260.— Summons Assem- 
bly at Burlington, 261. — Letter from 
S. Bustall. against, 262.— Speech to 
Assembly (1716), 217.— Answer from 
Assembly, 268. — Letter to. from Rev. 
Mr. Talbot. 291 — Comments on acts 
of Assembly. 292.— Transmits copies 
of the complaints against him, 305. — 
Answers them, 312. — Conduct of. ap- 
proved by the Crown, 327. — Message 
and speech to the Assembly (1718). 
364.— Intends to leave for London, 
3M7.- Answers to queries about the 
Province, 449. 



I- 



Ilsley: William, 186. 

Ineth: John, 310. 

Ingoldesby: Richard, 10, 56, 57.— Refer- 
ence to acts during his administra- 
tion, 66, 129. 234. 235, 338. 



Innes: Rev. Alexander, 174.— Sustains 
the character of Thomas Gordon. 176. 
and of John Anderson, 179. 



Jacobs: Thomas, 85. 

Jamison: David, Appointed Chief Jus- 
tice, :i». 131, 132. Salary, 185. 368, 369, 
371. Recommended for the Council, 
216.— Indicted. 236 

Jarratt: AUane, One of the Commission- 
ers to run the partition line, 383, 394. 
—Petition of, respecting the line. 403. 
—Objects to the quadrant in use. 
405. — Answer to his petition by New 
York Council, 106. — Actions of, can- 



vassed, 409-131, 435.— Appointed Sur- 
veyor General of New York, 432. 

Johnston (Johnstone): Dr. John, 19-21, 
56, 68. 106.— Notice of, 119.— Appoint- 
ed Judge. 129. 132. -One of the Com- 
missioners for running the partition 
line. 394, 

Johnson. Junior: John. 15. 363.— Ap- 
pointed one of the Council. 377. 

Johnson: Richard. 370. 

Jones: Benjamin, 113. 

Joyce : Henry, 328. 






INDEX- 



461 



K. 



Kay: John, Speaker, 278.— Affidavit of, 
relative to frauds on certain Indians. 
283. 

Keith : William, Governor of Pennsylva- 
nia. 393, 

Kiel : John. Recommended for Surveyor 
General. 78. 



Kinsey: John, Speaker of Assembly. 258. 
—Services paid for, 370, 371. 

Kirby: Benjamin. 310. 

Kirby: Richard, 309. 

Kirby: William, 310. 

Kirkbride: Joseph, One of Commission- 
ers to run the partition line. 394. 



Lawrence: Benjamin. 310. 

Lawrence: Elisha, 310, 370. 

Lawrence: John, 111. 310. 

Lawrence: Joseph. 310. 

Lawrence: Robert, 310. 

Lawrence: William, 126, 253, 370. 

Layng: Will, 9. 

Leeds: Daniel, 41, 145, 309.— Suggested 
for the Council, 133.— Protests, with 
others, against the Council. 146.— Op- 
posed to Thomas Gardiner as Sur- 
veyor, 147-149. 

Leeds: Japhet, 147. 

Leeds: Philo, 147. 

Leonard: Henry, Sheriff of Monmouth 
County, 142. 

Leonard: Samuel, 10. 

Leonard: Thomas, 9, 377. 

Levy: Moses. 344. 



Lloyd: John. 113. 

Lloyd: Joseph, 344. 

Lockhart: Alexander, 309. 

Lockhart: Gawen, 186. 

Lodwick: Charles, 344. 

Logan: James, Letter from, to George 
Willocks, on division line, 377. — No- 
tice of. 381.— Letter from, to Daniel 
Coxe, on division line, 388.— Of Penn- 
sylvania Council, 393. 

Longfield: Cornelius, Suggested for the 
Council, 133. 

Lost: Francis. 188. 

Lovelace: Lady, 10. 371. 

Lovelace: Lord, Administration of, re- 
ferred to, 56-58, 66, 77, 298 

Lowe: Joseph, 344. 

Lyell: David, 253, 296, 299, 334.— Recom- 
mended for the Council, 63. 217,— 
Notice of, 63.— Fees paid, 370, 371. 



M. 



MeKenzie: Rev. Alexander (JEneas?), 

174, 181. 
Mackinzey: Thomas. 310. 
Marshal: John, 310. 
Maskell: Thomas, 315. 
Mathie: John, 10. 
Mattenecunk Island : Bought by Robert 

Hunter. 12. 
Mehemickwon: Difficulty between, and 

John Wetherill. 277: ' 
Merry: Mr., 152. 
Michel: Charles, 141. 
Michel: Francis, 141. 
Michel: Robert, 141. 
Middlesex County: Petition from, against 

Peter Sonmans, 8.— Freeholders book 

of, altered, 97-99.— Pettition of. 

against Thomas Farmar. 186. — Taxes 

of. 368. 
Middleton: . Appointed Judge, 125. — 

Sold himsef to pay for his passage, 

125. 
Millard: Charles, 310. 
Miller: Charles, 98. 
Mines: Reference to, 222. 
Missionaries: Character of . 212. 
Molleson: John. 9. 
Mompesson: Roger, 41, 61. 324.— Resigns 

the office of Chief Justice, 10, 131.— 

Salary paid, 185, 368.— Died. 208. 



i Monmouth County taxes: 368, 369. 
I More: Enoch, 215. 

Moore: Mathew, 9. 15. 

Moore: John, 98, 180. 

Morgan: Charles, 253, 370. 

Morgan: Joseph, Improvements in Navi- 
gation. 190. 

Morgan: Simon. 80, 81. 83. 

Morris: Lewis. 119-133. 200, 253. 334.— 
President of Council, 127.— Judge in 
Monmouth County, 129.- Second 
Judge Supreme Court, 132.— Referred 
to. by Rev. Jacob Henderson. 150. 162. 
163.— Succeeds Chief Justice Mom- 
pesson, 208.— Indicted, 239.— Fees paid 
to. 372.— Letters from, as President 
of Council, about boundary lines, 439. 
—On tar and hemp. 143. — Auto- 
graphs of, 445.— Urges the running of 
the boundary lines, 446.— Relating 
thereto, 448. 

Morris: William, Recommended for the 
Council, 63, 153, 151, 169.— Appointed 
thereto, 182.— Referred to by Rev. 
Jacob Henderson, 157.— Died, 170. 376. 

Morry: Ferry. 129. 

Mott: , Expelled the Assembly. 126. 

Mulford: Samuel. 293, 294. 296. 344, 

Munday: Nicholas, 186. 



Newbound: Michael. 310. 

New Jersey: Affairs of. to have separate 
letters, 114. 

New York: Assembly of, authorize the 
running of the partition line, 365. — 
Report of Council of, on Jarratt's 



petition about partition line. 406.— 
Petition to Council of, relating to the 
survey of the line, 433. 

Nicolson: Mr. (General), 220, 225, 320. 

Norton: John, a Proprietor, 98, 141. 



462 



INDEX. 



O. 



Ogborne. Junior: John. 
Ogborne: William. 98. 
Ogden: Josiah. 253, 370. 



Ormston: Joseph, 141. 
Oulver: William. 9. 



Paice: Joseph. 344. 

Pagit: Francis, His authority as Consta- 
ble refuted, 214. 

Pardons: Instructions respecting, 2, 4. 

Parker: Elisha, 10.— Recommended for 
the Council, 153, 154, 169.— Referred 
to by Rev. Jacob Henderson, 157 — 
Approved of for Council, 171, 182. — 
Dies, 326.— Notice of, 326. 

Parker: John, Recommended for the 
Council, 326, 363. — Appointment ap- 
proved, 331. — Notice of. 333. — Fees 
paid, 370, 372. 

Partition Line: Running of authorized 
by Assembly of New York, 365. 

Partition North Point: Agreed upon, 394. 

Paulsen: Cornelius. 189. 

Pearson: Isaac, 113. 

Pennsylvania: Counoil of, Proceedings 
on approaching departure of Gov. 
Hunter for England, 393. 

Perth Amboy: 11, 12, 40. 49. 63, 67, 76, 77, 
88, 95, 96, 104, 107, 119, 124. 135. 137, 154, 
166, 167, 177, 181. 184, 221, 223, 2:30, 251, 
253, 265, 290-292, 301. 303, 310, 326, 333, 
365, 377. 

Peterson: Hessel, 370. 

Phillips: Ambrose. Agent for New York, 



254. — Copy of complaints against 
Gov. Hunter to be given him, 305.— 
Hunter's letter to, about them, 312. 

Pike: Charles, 10. 

Pike: John. 10, 16. 

Pike: Thomas, 372. 

Pinhorne: John. 147.— Salary. 185. 368. 

Pinhorne: William. 61, 75, 77, 129, 149, 
156, 164, 175. 182. -Project of, for 
raising money on bills of credit, 269. 

Pirates: Proclamation respecting par- 
dons of, 329. — Commissioners to try, 
339 

Piron: Joseph. 3C9. 

Plantations: Scheme or treatise relating 
to, 345. 

Pofen: Henry, 9. 

Potter: Samuel, 147. 

Potts: Thomas, 98. 

Prisons: To be built, 4. 

Proprietors: In England complain of 
several members of the Council, 140, 
153.— Election of Council of, 152— Of 
West Jersey recommend certain per- 
sons for the Council, 153.— Memorial 
of, respecting boundaries, 408. — Pro- 
ceedings of West Jersey, relating to 
the line of division, 452. 



Quary: Robert. 7, 50, 60, 85, 131. 157. 158, I Quakers: Their position,' etc., 42, 121, 129, 
324.— His estimate of Gov. Hunter, 7. 133. 196, 232, 236-240, 243, 259, 302-3, 

—Dead, 175. 341-345,366. 



R. 



Read (Reed): John, 215, 326. 375. 

Read: Mr., Charged with papers for 
Dockwra, died on the voyage, 116. 

Reading: John, 153. 154, 169, 170.— Recom- 
mended for Council, 62.— Notice of, 
62.— Judge of Supreme Court, 140.— 
Approved of for Council, 171, 182.— 
Dies, 333, 373.— Fees paid, 370, 372.— 
One of the commissioners to run par- 
tition line, 394. 

Reading: John, Approved of as one of 
the Council, 377. 

Reading: Thomas (John?), Referred to 
by Rev. Jacob Henderson, 157. 

Records: Relating to the soil to be left 
in the hands of the agents of the pro- 
prietors, :;. 

Redford: Thomas, 9. 



Reeve: John, 81. 85. 

Revell: Thomas. 41. 

Regnier: Mr., 132. 

Richier: Edward. A West Jersey propri- 
etor, 141.— His signature, 115.— Re- 
commends certain persons for the 
Council, 153. 

Roberdes (Roberts): John. Justice of the 
Peace, 276, 281.- Payments to. 369. 

Robins: Daniel. 310. 

Robinson: William. 188. 

Rogers: John, 98. 

Rolf (Rolph): Henry. 188, 190. 

Rolph: Benjamin, 189. • 

Rolph: Moses. 186, 188. 

Royce: John, 107. 111. 

Rudyard: John. 9, 15. 

Rudvores: John, 310. 



Sackett: Mr., Director of Tar Works, 888. 
Salem: Address of inhabitants to Gov. 

Hunter about taxes, etc.. 112.— Coun- 

tv taxes, 368, 369. 
Saltar: Richard, 111. 
Sandford: Major William. Expelled the 



Assemblv. 22. 185.— Re-elected, 125, 
126. 

Saterthwait : James. Salary as Doorkeep- 
er of Assembly. 185, 368, 369. 371. 

Sayre: David, 215. 

Schuyler: Philip, Fees paid, 370.— Let- 



INDEX. 



46; 1 . 



ters from, relating to boundary lines, 

431, 438. 
Scotts: John, 10. 
Seafer: Richard, 189. 
Seals of the Province, 332, 373. 
Severing: Jacob, 147. 
Sharp: Anthony, 256, 370. 
Sharp: Isaac, 107-109. 253. 
Sharp: William, 10. 
Sharpe: Thomas, 243, 246, 256.— Notice of, 

296. 
Sharper: Rev. John, 174. 
Shepheard: Dickerson. 370. 
Shepheard: Mr., 76. 
Shippov: Isaac, 190. 
Short: William, 113. 
Shreave: Thomas, 310. 
Shrewsbury: 76. 
Simking: Joseph, 215. 
Slater: Samuel, 189. 
Slaves: Duty imposed on importations 

of, 196. 
Smith: Daniel, 253, 370. 
Smith: James, Clerk of Council, paid, 

371. 
Smith: Jeremiah, 113. 
Smith: Jonothan, 113. 



Smith: Seth, 215. 

Smith: Samuel, 253, 370. 

Somerset County Taxes: 368, 369. 

Sonmans: Peter, Petition against, 8.— 
Referred to. 14, 15, 61, 101-103, 110, 
111, 119, 124, 131, 164, 171, 172, 175, 293. 
294, 296.— Indicted for perjury and 
adultery, 87, 97.— His removal from 
the Council asked for, 149. and grant- 
ed, 182.— Referred to by Rev. Jacob 
Henderson, 157. 

Spicer: Jacob, Suspended as Judge in 
Gloucester County, 129.— Suggested 
for the Council, 133.— Paid forms ser 
vices. 370. 

Starke: John. 309. 

Statham: Thomas, 215. 

Statham: Zebulon, 215. 

Stevenson: Thomas, 152. 

Stillman: Charles, 188. 

Stillwise: Daniel, 111. 

Stockton: John, 98. 

Sutton: John, 1S9. 

Sulen: Daniel, 188. 

Swift: Mr., Appointed Collector at Perth 
Amboy, 49. 



T 



Tagnitz: Jonathan, 189. 

Talbot (Talbett): Rev. John, 13. 228, 249, 
274, 295, 323.— Complaints against, by 
Gov. Hunter. 209. 220. 224, 226, 230. 
231, 235.— Letter from, to Gov. Hun- 
ter. 291.— On his way to New York, 
291.— Representation to Gov. Hunter, 
298.— Willcocks' account of interview 
with. 301. 

Tappan (Tappin): Jacob, 107, 215. 

Tatharu: , 13. 

Thomson: William, 10. 

Thompson: James, 98. 

Tomlmson: , Appointed Judge in 

Gloucester County, 129. 

Townley: Richard. 61, 129.— Referred to 



by Rev. Jacob Henderson, 157, 164.— 

Died, 175. 
Townsend: , Appointed Judge m 

Cape May County, 129. 
Trade of the Plantations: Advantage of, 

347.— How to be preserved and im- 
proved, 3C0. 
Trent: William, 13,296. 
Tripartite Indenture for settling the 

north partition point between New 

York and New Jersey, 394. 
Trotter: Samuel, 369. 
Tunisber: John, 111. 
Tullie: Robert, 215. 
Twigg: Thomas, 215. 



Urmston: Rev. John, 224. 



U. 



Van Dam: Rip, Notice of, 49S 
Van Neste: Peter, 111. 
Vaughan: Rev. Edward, 174. 



V. 



Vesey: Rev. Mr.. Gov. Hunter's com- 
ments upon. 216. 219, 220, 223, 225.- 
Appointed Commissary by Bishop ol 
London, 218.— Alluded to, 228, 251. 



W 



Wade: Samuel, 113. 

W T alker: Mrs. Ann, 224. 

Walter: Robert, One of the Conimissjon- 
ers to run partition line, 383, 394. 

Ware: Joseph. 113. 

Watts: Rev. Robert, 179. 

Wattson: William, 215. 

Webster: Robert, 9. 

Wells: John, Affidavit of, about John 
W'etheruTs difficulty with the In- 
dians, 276.— Recommended for the 



Council. 326, 331. Appointed one of 

the Council, 331, 373. 
West Jersey Proprietors: Minutes ol 

Council, 288. 
Wetherhill: John, 275, 277, 319. 
Wetherill: Thomas. 9, 27S. 279, 
Wheat: Duty on exportation of, 196. 
Wheeler: Robert. 13, 375.- Recommend 

ed for the Council, 63. Justice ol the 

Peace. 75.— Dead, 377. 
Whiting: John, A Proprietor, 141. 



464 



INDEX. 



Willis: George, 310. 

Willocks: George, 9, 15, 41, 124 298 — 
Answer of J. Basse to, 90-112.— Letter 
from, about Rev. Mr. Talbot, 290 — 
Deposition about Rev. Mr. Talbot 
301.— Letter to, from James Logan' 
about division line, 377.— One of the 
Commissioners for running partition 
line, 394. 

Wills: John, 152.— Salary as Sergeant-at- 
Arms, 368, 369. 

Wingett: Caleb, 188. 



Woodbndge: Election at, 8, 15.— Petition 

of inhabitants of, for a church, 189 
\Vooding: Josiah, 188. 
Woodward: Anthony, 111. 
Woolsen: John, 147. ' 
Woolsen, Junior: John, 1 17 
Worth: Jonathan, 188. 
Wright : Benjamin, 83. 
Wright: John, 310. 
Wright: Robert, 10, 190. 
Wright: Samuel, 310. 
Wright: Thomas, 113,310. 
Wyatt: Justice, 296. 






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