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Vol. VII. 

This volume was compiled and edited by authority 
of the State of New Jersey; at the request of the 
New Jersey Historical Society, and under the direc- 
tion of the following committee : 

Nathaniel Niles, C//'/<, 
Marcus L. Ward, 
Joel Parker, 
W. A. Whitehead. 

p O C U M E N T S/^^^5 ^4/ 






Corrcsjn^i [ng Secretary of the New Jersey Historical Society: Autlior of 
p]ast Jei'sey Under the Proprietary Governments: Contribntions 
to the Early History of Perth Aniboy and the Surround- 
ing Country ; Editor of tjie Papers of Lewis Mor- 
ris, and of an Analytical Index to the 
Colonial Documents of New 
Jersey, etc. . etc. 




NEWARK, N. J. : 






Puhlic Record Office, London, England. 

Copies of Manuscripts of Governor Jonathan Belcher, in the 

New Jersey Historical Society Library. 
Rutherfurd Collection of Manuscripts. 
Papers of Ferdinand John Paris, in Ne-w Jersey Historical 

Society Lihrary. 
Neiv York Colonial Docnmoits. 
Manuscrip)ts of Willia^n A. Whitehead. 
Peniisylvania Colonial Documents. 
Papers of Robert Hunter Morris, in Library of New Jersey 

Historical Society. 

^AR 3 1914 



174(5 -July 18. — Letter from the Duke of Newcastle to the Lords of 
Trade — directing the preparation of the Commission 
and Instructions for Jonathan Belcher, appointed 

Governor of New Jersey 1 

'» " 24. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to the Duke of 

Newcastle — with a draft of a Commission for Jona- 
than Belcher to be Governor of New Jersey, to be 

submitted to the King 3 

" Nov. 27.— Letter from the Lords of Trade to the Duke of 
Newcastle, with a draft of the Instructions to Gov- 
ernor Belcher, to be submitted to the King 4 

1747 — Aug. 13. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander „ - . 12 

" 13. — Addresses to Governor Jonathan Belcher on his 

arrival, and his answers thereto 13 

" 20.— Letter from Chief Justice Robert Hunter Morris to 

James Alexander 

" 20. — Speoch of Governor Belcher to the Council and 

Assembly of New Jersey 

" 22. — Answer of the Council to the foregoing Speech 

" 25. — Answer of the House of Assembly to the foregoing 

Speech v _■ ---;__-'^. i ,■. ^ - - 

•' 27. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 

Trade— inforinirf^ \heiiM)f Msjjulij'al in the Province, 

" — .—Answer of the Rioters to the Publications of the 

Proprietors and Speech of Samuel Nevill 30 

Sept. 1.— Letter from James Alexander to David Ggden — 

referring to the rioters 53 

'• 16.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Rev. Mr. Brad- 
bury . . 54 

17. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Clinton, 

of New York 55 

IS.j-Letter from Governor Belcher to the Committee of 
the West Jersey Society - 57 





1747— Sept. 37.— Letter from GoA'arnoi' Belcher to Mr. Cradock— 

about private mattei's -JS 

" " 38.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Part- 
ridge — about private affairs 5*' 

" Oct. 3.— Letter fi-om Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary 

Willard — about private affairs *>1 

" — .—Congratulatory Address to Governor Belcher from 

a Committee of the Disaffected on his arrival in tiie 

Province tio 

Oct. 3. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Winslow— 

about rioters ('5 

" " 13.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Justice Budd. 
of Morris County — acknowledging Letter of Con- 
gratulation . - - - *J(' 

'• Nov. 19. — Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and 

Assembly of New Jersey - - 07 

— . — Petition to Governor Belcher, signed by Nathaniel 

Wheeler, Jonathan Pierson and others — relative to 

their implied connection with riots, &c 71 

" Nov. 19. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Part- 
ridge 75 

" " 36.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. (_)liver, of 

Boston 75 

" Dec. 3,— Letter from James Alexander to Joseph Murray, 
of New York, as to the propriety of the Governoi- 
sitting with the Council in their Legislative Capacity, 77 
" " 5.— Address of the Council of New Jersey to Governor 

Belcher 81 

" *' 9. Proceedings of the Council of New Jersey — relative 

to the Riots 86 

»' •• 11.— Proceedings of the Council of New Jersey 88 

" •' 15.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Alford, 

of New England i'l 

174S,_Jaii. 15. — Letter from Governor Belchei' to the Secretary of 
State— in favor of Colonel Schuyler and other New 

Jersey officers 93 

'* '• 19.— Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and 
Assembly of New Jersey — about Expedition to Crown 

Point 94 

" " 38. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Bel- 
cher — congratulating liim on his arrival at his Gov- 
ernment 96 

" ■' 30. — Letter from John Coxe to James Alexander — 
detailing some proceedings of the Governor and Coun- 
cU -- --- 97 



1748 — Feb. ."i.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Ricliard Partridge. 

Agent of New Jersey 100 

*' " 12. — Letter from the Council of New Jersey to the Duke 
of Newcastle — recommending sundry officers who had 
served in the expedition to Canada 103 

'• " 17. — Message of Governor Belcher to the Assembly of 

New Jersey _ 103 

•' 18. — Message of Gevernor Belcher proroguing the Legis- 
lature 104 

" ■' 34. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge, 

about the action of the Legislature 100 

" " — . — Letter from Robert H. Morris to James Alexan- 
der — relating to the appointment of Samuel Nevill as 
Judge - . . 107 

•' March 4. — Address of the Council of New Jersey to Governor 

Belcher 110 

'* " 7. — Letter from James Alexander to Cadwallader Col- 
den — relative to the riots _ . . 113 

" '* 31 — Letter from Governor Belcher to Rev. Aaron Burr — 

relating to the new College . _ . 115 

■ ' April 3. —Letter from Governor Belcher to James Alexander— 

about Expedition against Crown Point ^ 117 

" " 3. — Letter from Governor Belchei- to Rev. Mr. Pem- 

berton — about the College 118 

" " 16. — Letter from James Alexander to Ferdinand John 
Paris — about Division Line between New Jersey and 
New York... IV.) 

" Muy 3. — Lcttei- from James Alexander to John Coxe — not 

advisable to have the Assembly dissolved 133 

'' " 13. — Letter from Governor Belcher to James Logan, of 

Philadelphia — about Charter for the (College 134 

" •' 16. — Letter from James Alexander to Ferdinaufl .John 
Paris — about Division Line between New York and 
New Jersey 13.5 

" " 30. — Letter from John Coxe to James Alexander — in 

answer to his of May 3d - - 137 

.lime 3. — Proceedings of Pennsylvania Provincial Congress — 
an offer of assistance from New Jersey to tit out ves- 
sels against privateers _ 130 

" 16. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander — about New .Tei'sey affaii's ^ . 131 

" " 30. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Duke of Bed- 
ford — about proclamation for enforcing the prohibi- 
tion of Commerce with France 134 



1748— June 23. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Shirley, 
of Massachusetts — about a proposed meeting at 
Albany to confer with the Indians . 135 

" " 24. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Duke of Bed- 
ford, Secretary of State 137 

" " 25. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 

Trade — about sundry Acts forwarded to them . . 140 

" " 25. — Address of James Alexander, Robert H. Morris 
and Elisha Parker, to the Speaker of the Council of 
New York 141 

" " 25. — Address of a Committee of New Jersey, to the Gov- 
ernor of New York — referring- to the Dividing Line 
between the two Provinces 142 

•* " 37. — Letter from Governor Belcher to a Committee of 
the West Jersey Society— about the appointment of 
Agents, &c 145 

** " 28. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Thomas Penn, of 

Pennsylvania _ . . 147 

" July 7. — Message from Governor Belcher to the Council and 

Assembly of New Jersey 149 

■' " 35. — Letter from Governor Belcher to a Committee of 
the West Jersey Society — relating to the appointment 
of Agents in New Jersey 150 

" Sept. 3. — Letter from James Alexander to Ferdinand John 
Paris — about the Division Line between New York 
and New Jersey 153 

" " 5. — Letter from -James Alexander to John Coxe— few 

of the Rioters have accepted the Act of Grace, &c. 154 

" " 30. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander — about the Division Line between New York 
and New .Jersey loG 

" Oct. 7. — Letter from John Coxe to James Alexander — about 
the Governor's health and proposed meetings of the 
Legislature 158 

" " 7. — Letter from Governor CUinton. of New York, to the 
Lords of Trade — relative to the Division Line between 
that Province and New Jersey 150 

" '■ 17. — Letter from James Alexander to John Coxe — in 
relation to the refusal of the Rioters to accept tlie Act 
of Pardon IGl 

" " 39. — Speech of Colonel Lewis Morris in the New York 
Assembly — on the Division Line between New York 
and New Jersey 163 

'* Nov, 4. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander — about the Division Line between New Jersey 
and New York 167 


1748 — Nov. 13. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 

Trade 170 

'• — . — Petition of the Executors of the late Governor 

Lewis Morris, of New Jersey — for a Recommendation 
to the Assembly to pay his salary 171 

" '' 25. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Bel- 
cher — about salary of Governor Morris, deceased 173 

" " 28. — Order in Council approving of the appointment of 

Richard Sal tar to be of the Council of New Jersey. . . 175 

" " 30. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander — about Division Line between New York and 
New Jersey 1 76 

'" Dec. 1-5. — Affidavits of .John Styles, Abraliam Shotwell and 
Elizabeth Hampton, relating to the Riots at Newark 
and Perth Amboy 178 

" " 16. — Memorandum of what occurred at a conference 
between Governor Belcher and several members of 
the Council . . 183 

" " 2^. — Communication from Members of the Council to 
Governor Belcher — relative to the advice to be given 
him by the Council . . 185 

" " 32. — Address of Members of the Council of New Jersey 
to the King — on the present condition of the Prov- 
ince 180 

" " 33. — Petition from the Council of Proprietors of East 

Jersey to the King — in relation to the Rioters 193 

" " 33. — Letter from James Alexander and Robert II. Mor- 

ris to Ferdinand .John Paris — on New Jersey Riots.. 107 

" " 31. — Letter from .James Alexander to ,Tohn Coxe — rela- 
tive to the action of Governor Belcher 301 

" *' 31. — A State of Facts concerning the Riots and Insur- 

rections in New Jersey, and the Remedies attempted 

to restore Peace to the Province 307 

1749 — Feb. 14. — Petition of Ferdinand John Paris. Solicitor for the 
East Jersey Proprietors, to the Lords of Trade — about 
the Division Line between New York and New Jersey 33(i 

** '■ 15. — Affidavit of William Gil man relating to the Rioters 231 
March 17. — Paper signed by James Alexander and Robert H. 
Morris— in answer to tlie Rioters' proposal relative to 
instituting sints 233 

•* •* 24. — Letter from Ferdinand .John Paris to James Alex- 
andei' — about his sei'vices to secure favorable action 
against the Riotei-s 334 

" " 28. — Letter from the Council of New Jersey to the Lords 

of Trade — relating to the Riots and Insurrections 23U 


•1749_April 15.— Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander — about proceedings in London and influence of 

Governor Belcher 238 

lo. — Lords of the Committee of Council to the ijords 
( 'ommissioners of Trade and Plantations — transmit- 
ting Petition from tlie Council of Proprietors 241 

■' " 17. — Letter from Richard Partridge, London, to Richard 

Smitli, Junior — about New Jersey affairs 243 

" " 21. — Letter from Governor Belclier to the Secretary of 

the Lords of Trade —with answers to certain queries . . 243 

•' ■" 21. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — relating to certain Acts passed in New Jersey 
— the recommendation of Richard Saltar for the 
Council, &c 246 

" " 22. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — about the condition of the Province in conse- 
quence of the Riots, &c. 249 

" 24. — Letter from James Alexander and Robert H. Mor- 
ris to Ferdinand Jolm Paris — concerning Governor 
Belcher and the rioters _ _ _ . . 251 

" May 30. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander— about business before the Lords of Trade 260 

" " 30. — Letter from James Alexander and Robert H. Mor- 

ris to Ferdinand John Paris — about the Division Line 

between New York and New Jersey 262 

June 3. — Letter from Richard Partridg<^. London, to Rich- 
ard Smitli, Junior, New Jersey — about New Jersey 
affairs 368 

" '• 7. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paiis to James Alex- 

ander — concerning- the condition of tlie affairs of the 

Province in London 271 

!). — Extract from a letter from two Members of tlie 
( 'Ouncil of New Jersey to Ferdinand John Paris, and 
by liiin sent to John Pownall Esq. — relating to the 
Assembly 272 

" " 10. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to John Pownall, 
Esq. — transmitting several papers relating to tlie rebel- 
lion in New Jersey, for the information of the Lords 
of Trade ' 373 

'• " 14. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to John Pownall, 

Esq., transmitting documents I'elating to the Riots in 

New Jersey .. 375 

" 23. — Letter from James Alexander to David Ogden — on 

the propriety of trying the Rioters in Essex County. 288 



1759 — June 24. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Duke of Bed- 
lord about the affairs of the Province — complaints 
against him, &c 28!) 

'* •* 27. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — desiring directions as to the management of 
Riots - . . - - . 2(« 

" July 1. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander — about his proceedings in London 294 

"■ '• 18. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Matthew Lamb, 
Esq. — desiring him to reconsider the Act of New Jer- 
sey obliging Sheriffs to give security, &c ... 290 

" " 19. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to .James Alex- 
ander" — about Division Line between New York and 

New Jersey 297 

19. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander — concerning the Riots _ ;J01 

21. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander — relating to the action of the Lords of Trade 
in connection with the Riots . _ 304 

'* " 21. — Report of the Attorney General and Solicitor Gen- 
eral upon certain Acts passed in New Jersey in 
1747-8.-. .. aOo 

" " 24. — Jjetter from Fei'dinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander—relative to the granting of pardons to those 
accused of treason -308 

" '• 20. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander — conveying suggestions for i-emedying the diffi- 
culties in the Province old 

" •' 28. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to the Lord Chan- 
cellor — enclosing proposals with regard to the dis- 
turbances in New Jersey - oil 

" — . — Petition of the West Jersey Society to the Lords of 

Trade — praying relief from the riots and disturl)- 
anees in New .Jersey . . -jIO 

" Aug. 19. — Power of Attorney from the Council of East Jer- 
sey Propi-ietors to Jtobert Fhinter Morris — authoriz- 
ing him to act for them in matters relating to the 
riots ol8 

•' '• 1(5. — Instructions from a Coniniittee of the West Jersey 
Society to Henry Lane. Lewis Johnston and John 
Foye, appointed Agents of the Society o20 

" Sfpt. 11.— Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to John Pow- 
nnll — enclosing copy of a letter from James Alexan- 
der and Robert Hunter Morris, relative to the breaking 
open of the Jail in Newark <328 



1750 — Nov. 12. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Duke of New- 
castle — referring to complaints made against him 571 

*' '* 15. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge, 

about New Jersey affairs 573 

" " 15. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Duke of Bed- 
ford—nominating William Morris for the Council, to 
fill the vacancy caused by the removal of John Coxe. 575 

" " 15. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Ti'ade — about boundaries, the nomination of Wm. 
Morris for the Council, &c 570 

'■ " 15. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge 

— about the nomination of Wm, Morris 577 

1751 — Jan. 15. — Representation from the Lords of Trade to his 
Majesty, proposing David Ogden, Esq.. to supply the 
vacancy in the Council of New Jersey, occasioned by 
suspension of John Coxe 578 

'• "• 15. — Letter fi-om Governor Belcher to Colonel Alford. 

about College building 579 

" " 20. — Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and 

Assembly 580 

" Feb. 1. — Letter from Wm. Praser, Collector of the Customs 
at Salem, to Thomas Hill, Secretary to the Lords 
Commissioners for Trade, with a return of Imports 
and Exports . _ 587 

" " 22. — Message of Governor Belcher to the General Assem- 
bly — about financial affairs 588 

■' March 26. — Representation from the Lords of Trade proposing 
Lewis Ashfield, Esq., to supply a vacancy in the 
Council of New Jersey by the death of Richard 

Smith Esq 585 

'' 27. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Bel- 
cher—about his nomination for vacancies in the 
Council - 585 

" Ai)ril 20.— Letter from Governor Belcher to the Duke of Bed- 
ford—about his dissolving the Assembly _ 587 

'. " ;^o. — Order of Council approving the appointment of 

David Ogden to be one of the Council of New Jersey. 588 

ii. '< 80.— Order of Council approving the appointment of 
Lewis Ashfield to be one of the Council of New Jer- 



May 21. — Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and 

Assembly — convening a new session 591 

22.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Ricliard Partridge 592 

Jime 1.— Letter from Governor Belcher to the Earl of Hali- 
fax-relative to complaints against him by Robert 
Morris . - - - - - - - - 594 


1751 — Juno 30. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Cliiiton, 
of New York, about a proposed conference with the 
Indians .. ."iQG 

" " 20. — Letter from Governor Belcher to tlie Massachusetts 

C'oniiuissioners to treat with the Lidians — about the 
appointment of a missionary to the Susquehannahs . . 507 

" July 1. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Duke of Bed- 
ford — about New Jersey Affairs. 59S 

" •' o. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Ricliard Partridge 

— al)Out to change his residence to Elizabethtown (iOO 

August 5. — Memorial of Ricl;ard Partridge, Agent of New Jer- 
sey, to the Lords of Ti-ade — ni relation to character 
of William Morris. Esq G()2 

" " 8. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade, about their refusing to confirm the nomina- 
tions of IVfessrs. Morris and Smith to the New Jersey 
Council . . . - 007 

" '•' 10. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lord Hardwicke 
upon the course of the Lords of Trade in filling the 
vacancies in the New Jersey Council 611 

" " 29. — Bill of Indictment found against Lewis Morris Ash- 
field, Esq., by the Supreme Court (512 

" Sept. 3. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge 

concerning Lewis Morris Ashfleld _ - 014 

" '• — . — Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and 

Assembly of New Jersey. . - 015 

" " 24. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lewis Morris 

Ashfield (HO 

" " 28. — Five different affidavits relating to the character 

of Lewis Morris Ashlield G19 

" Oct. 2. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Rev. Aaron Burr. 
President of the College, suggesting a visit to Europe 
ui behalf of the Institution 018 

" " 21. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 

Trade relating to Mr. Ashfield ... ... . C2o 

•' " 22. — Message of Governor Belcher to the House of 

Assembly — about sundry irregular proceedings ... _ . 625 

" " 22-27.— Letters from James Alexander, Esq.. to Robert 
Hunter Morris, Esq.. relating to the action of the 
Legislature - - 026 

" *' 28. — Report of an Additional Instruction to Mr. Belcher. 
Governor of New Jersey, submitted by the Lords of 
Trade to the Lords of the Committee of the Privy 
Coimeil - 031 

" '• 23. ^Message of Governor Belcher to the Council of New 

Jersey - - 034 



1751 — Nov. 2. — Deposition of Samuel Tucker as to the character of 
William Morris, Esq., Judge of the Court of the 
(.'ommon Pleas for the County of Hunterdon, in the 
Province of New Jersey 636 

" " 4. — Certificate of Mr. Warrell, Attorney General and 
Notary Public in New Jersey, as to the character of 
Samuel Tucker 639 

" " 4. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Secretary of 

State — informing him of his change of residence, &c. 640 
' " 21. — AiBrmation of William Morris, relative to the con- 
duct of Lewis Morris Ashfield 642 

' Dee. 7. — Extract from a Letter of James Alexander to 
Robert Hunter Morris — as to the Constitution of the 
Council of New Jersey 644 

" " 12. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Secretary of 

State — transmitting eight Acts of the Legislature. . . . 646 

" " 12. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 

Trade — transmitting public papers 648 

" " 19. — Extract of a Letter from James Alexander to 
Robert Hunter Morris— relative to proceedings of 
Governor Belcher — 651 



Letter from the Duke of Newcastle to the Lords of 
Trade — direct imj the preparation of the Comniis- 
sion and Instructions for Jonathan Belcher, ap- 
pointed Governor of New Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. V, F 78. | 

Whitehall July 18*1^ 1746. 
Ml/ Lords, 

His Majesty having been pleased to appoint Jona- 
than Belcher Esq^ ' to be Governo]- of Nova Cassarea, 
or New Jersey, in America, in the Room of Lewis 
Mori'is Esq'- deceased. I am to signify His Majesty's 
Pleasure. That you should prepare Draughts of a 
Commission and Instructions for him, in order to be 
laid before His Majesty, for His Approbation. 
1 am My Lords, Your Lord'.* Most 

Obedient humble Servant, 

John New^castle 
Lords Co mm? for Trade &c!' 

' Jonathan Belcher was born in Boston, Mass., January 8th, 1682, and, giving 
indications of mental ability, received the best instruction the country then afforded, 
and graduated at Harvard College in 1099. He did not enter upon any profession, 
but engaged in mercantile business, and, to increase his qualifications therefor, 
spent several years in Europe. On his return to America he married Mary, 
daughter of Lieut. Gov. Wm. Partridge, and not only enlarged his business as a 
merchant, but became a candidate for public honors: first as a member of tb® 


Letter from the Lords of Trade to the Duke of New- 
castle — with a draft of a Commission for Jona- 
than Belcher to he Governor of New Jersey, to be 
submitted to the King. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. XV, page 55.] 

To His Grace the Duke of Newcastle. 

My Lord 

Having in Obedience to His Maj^^^ Commands signi- 
fied to Us by your Grace's Letter of the 18'" Instant, 
prepared tlie Draught of a Commission for Jonathan 
Belcher Esq- to be Governor of New Jersey in America, 
We take leave to inclose the said Draught to your 
Grace, with Our Representation thereupon, which you 
will please to lay before His Maj'^ 
We are &c. 

Whitehall ) J. Pitt Monson 

July 24, 1746. ] B. L. Gower, R. Plumer 

To THE Kings most Exc^ Majesty 

May it please your Majesty, 

In Obedience to your Majesty's Commands signified 
to Us by a Letter from His Grace the Duke of New- 
castle, One of your Majesties Principal Secretaries of 
State, dated the 18^!' Instant, We have prepared the 

legislature from his native town, and subsequently as one of the Council ; exhibiting 
great zeal and activity in advancing the interests of the Pi-ovince. In 1729, he was 
appointed Agent for New England, at the Court of Great Britain, and on the 39th 
November of the same year, was appointed Governor of Massachusetts and New 
Hampshire. He was superseded in 1741, his administration proving unsatisfactory 
to the ruling spirits of the Province. He went again to England, and remained 
there most of the time imtil his appointment as Governor of New Jersey, for which 
it is thought he was greatly indebted to the influence of his brother-in-law, Richai-d 
Partridge, then Agent of the Province. Many of the documents here prmted are 
from copies made some years ago, of the originals in the Massachusetts His- 
torical Society Library, and deposited in the Library of the New Jersey Historical 
Society.— Ed. 


Draught of a Commission for Jonathan Belcher Esq"^ 
to be your Majesty's Governor of New Jersey in 
America, Which being in the usual Form, We here- 
with humbly lay the same before your Majesty, and 
shall prepai'e the necessaiy Instructions for him with 
all possible dispatch. 

Which is most humbly submitted 
Whitehall ) Monson J. Pitt 

July 24, 1746. ^ R Plumer B. Leveson Gower 

George the second by the Grace of God, of Great 
Britain, France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith 
&c. To Our Trusty and Welbeloved Jonathan Belcher 
Esq-" Greeting. We reposing especial Trust and Con- 
fidence in the Prudence Courage and Loyalty, of you 
the said Jonathan Belcher, of Our especial Grace 
certain knowledge and mere motion have thought fit 
to constitute and ap]3oint, and by these Presents do 
constitute and appoint you the said Jonathan Belcher 
to he Our Captain General and Governor in chief in 
and over Our Province of isova Caesarea or New Jersey 
in America. 

And we do hereby require and command you to do 
and execute all things in due manner that shall belong 
unto your said Command and the Trust We h^.ve 
reposed in you, according to the several Powers and 
Directions granted or appointed you by this present 
Commission, and the Instruct"' and Authorities here- 
with given you, or by such further Powers, Instruc- 
tions and Authorities as shall at any time hereafter be 
granted or appointed you, under Our Signet and Sign 
manual, or by Our Order in Our Privy Council, and 
according to such reasonable Laws and Statutes as 
now are in Force, or hereaftei- shall be made and agreed 
upon by you, with the Advice and Consent of Our 
Council and the Assembly of Our said Province under 

4 Administration of governok belcIier. [1747 

your Government, in such manner and Form as is 
hereafter expressed. 

[What follows in the original is in every particular 
the same as in the Commission of Governor Morris; 
which may be found in Volume VI, p. 2, and is there- 
fore omitted/l 

Letter from the Lords of Trade to the Duke of Neiv- 
castle, with a draft of the Instructions to Governor 
Belcher, to be submitted to the King. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. XV, p. 77.1 

To His Grace the Duke of Newcastle. 

My Lord, 

Having prepared a Draught of General Instructions, 
as also of those which relate to the Acts of Trade and 
Navigation of Jonathan Belcher Esq"" whom His Maj- 
esty has been pleased to appoint Governor and Com- 
mander in chief of New Jersey, We take Leave to 
enclose the said Draught to your Grace, together with 
Our Representation thereupon, and to desire your Grace 
will please to lay them before His Maj'"' 
We are, My Lord, Your Grace's 

most Obedient and most humble Servants, 
B. Leveson Gower Monson 

DuppLiN J. Pitt 

R. Herbert J. Grenville 

R. Plumer 
Whitehall / 
Nov!- 27'" 1746. \ 

To the Kings most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please your Majesty, 

In Obedience to your Majesty's Commands signified 
to us by His Grace the Duke of Newcastle, One of 


your Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, in his 
Letter dated the 18'!' of July last, We have prepared 
the inclosed Draught of General Instructions and of 
those which relate to the Acts of Trade & Navigation 
for Jonathan Belcher Esq"" whom your Majesty has 
been pleased to appoint GovF and Commander in chief 
of New Jersey, in which We have made no Alterations 
or Omissions, from the Instructions given by your 
Majesty to Lewis Morris Esq."", late Governor of that 
Province, save only in the following Articles. 

In the first Article, We have inserted, as usual, the 
names of twelve Councillors, viz^ John Hamilton, John 
Reading, James Alexander, John Rodman, Richard 
Smith, Robert Hunter Morris, Edward Antill, James 
Hude, John Coxe, Andrew Johnson, Peter Kimboll, 
and Thomas Leonard, Esq", they having been already 
approved of by your Majesty. 

The 74'!' Article in the present Instructions contains 
the Substance of an a<lditional Instruction given by 
your Majesty to Lewis Morris Esq?" late Governor of 
New Jersey in the Year 1745. whereby he was directed 
to send Assistance to the Province of Nova Scotia, in 
case the same should have been attacked. 

We have omitted the 80'!' Article in the late Govern - 
oi's Instructions relating to the Ti'eaty of Peace and 
Neutrality between England and France in America 
made in the Year 108(!, the same having been (emitted 
during the Wars witli France in the Reigns of King 
William and Queen Anne. 

In the Instructions relating to tlie Acts of Tiade and 
Navigation, We have added the Titles of three xVcts 
passed in the l.V' 17"' and 19"' Years of your Majesty's 
Reign, Entituled. An Act for the further regulating 
the Plantation Trade, and for the Releif of Merchants 
importing Piize Goods from America and for prevent- 
ing cullusive Captures there. 

Alt Act for the better Encouragement of Seamen in 


His Majesty's Service, and Privateers to annoy the 
Enemy, and, 

An Act for the better Encouragement of His Maj- 
esty's Sugar Colonies in America. 

Which is most humbly submitted 

MoNSON B. Leveson Gower 

E. Plumer. Dupplin 

J. Pitt Fran: Fane 

Whitehall ) R. Herbert. 

Novr 27'!' 1746. 

Instructions to Our Trusty and Wellbeloved Jona- 
than Belcher Esq' Our Captain General & Governor 
in chief, in and over Our Province of Nova Csesarea, 
or New Jersey in America. Given at 

V^ With these Our Instructions you will receive 
Oar Commission under Our great Seal of Great Britain, 
constituting you Our Cap- General and Governor in 
chief, in & over Our Province of New Jersey; You are 
therefore with all convenient speed to repair to Our 
said Province, and being there arrived, you are to take 
upon you the Execution of the Place and Trust, We 
have reposed in you, and forthwith to call together the 
foUow^ing Persons whom We do by these Presents 
constitute and appoint Members of Om- Council in and 
for that Province viz' John Hamilton, John Reading, 
James Alexander, John Rodman, Richard Smith, 
Robert Hunter Morris, Edward An till, James Hude, 
John Coxe, Andrew Johnston, Peter Kimboll, and 
Thomas Leonard Esq'-^; as also Thomas Lechmere 
Esq.'' Surveyor General of Our Customs and the Sur- 
veyor Gen! of Our Customs in the Northern District 
of Our Dominions in xA.merica for the time being, 
shall be admitted to sit and vote in the Council as a 
Councillor Extraordinary. 

[The Instructions, excepting as stated in the pre- 


ceding letter, conform to those given Governor Morris, 
which may be found printed in Volume VI, p. 15, and 
are therefore omitted here.] 

Orders & Instructions to Our Trusty and 
Welbeloved Jonathan Belcher Esqr Our 
Captain General and Governor in chief in 
and over Our Province of Nova Csesarea 
or New Jersey in America, in pursuance 
of several Laws relating to the Trade & 
Navigation of this Our Kingdom of Great 
Britain, and Our Colonies & Plantations in 
America. Given at 

First, You shall inform yourself of tlie principal 
Laws relating to the Plantation Trade, viz- The Act 
for the encouraging and encreasing of Shipping & 
Navigation, made in the 12"' Year of the Eeign of King- 
Charles the 2? The Act for preventing Frauds, and 
regvlating Abuses in His Majestffs Customs, made in 
the 14'.'' Year of the said King's Reign; the Act for fhr 
Encomxigement of Trade, made in the 15"' Year of th<.' 
said King's Reign; the Act to prevnit the planting of 
Tobacco in England, d- for n^gidating the Plantaiion 
lYade. made in tlie 22'' & 2:5!' Years of the said King's 
Reign; and continued hy a Clause in the Act against 
clendestine running of Goods, and for the more effect- 
ual preventing of Frauds relating to the Customs, 
made in the 5'!' Year of the Reign of Oiu- late Royal 
Father: The Act for the Encouragenient of the (rreen- 
land and Eastland Trades, & for the better .securing 
the Plantation Trade, made in the 25"' Year of the 
said King Charles's Reign; The Act for preventing 
Frauds & regulating Abuses in the Plardation Trade, 
made in the 7"' & 8'?" Years of the Reign of King Wil- 


liam the 3? The Ad to permit the Exportation of Irish 
Linnen Cloth, to the Plantations &c. made in the 3J^ & 
4^'' Years of the Eeign of Queen Anne, and continued 
& explain'd by an Act pass'd in the 3? Year of His late 
Majesty's Reign /o?- continuiyig the Liberty of export- 
ing Irish Linnen Cloth to the British Plantations in 
America Duty free &c. The Act for an Union of the 
tico Kingclorns of England and Scotland, made in the 
5*^ Year of the said Queen's Eeign, in which are cer- 
tain Articles relating to the Plantation Trade, more 
particularly the 4*" 5"' & 6'!'; The Act for ascertaining 
the Rates of foreign Coins, in Her Majesty's Planta- 
tions in America, made in the &-^ Year of the same 
Queen's Reign; The Act for the Encouragement of the 
Trade to America, made in the same Year of the said 
Queen's Reign; A Clause in the Act for continuing 
several Impositions and Duties upon Goods imported 
&c. and to limit a time for Prosecution u2Jon certain 
Bonds given by Merchants call'd in the Act Plantation 
Bonds, made in the 8*?" Year of the said Queen's Reign; 
The Act for the preservation of tvhite & other Pine 
Trees growing in Her Majesty^ s Colonies of New Hamp- 
shire the Massachusets Bay, and Province of Main, 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantation, the Narra- 
ganset Country or King'^s Province and Connecticut 
in New England, and New York and Neiv Jersey in 
AmeiHca, for the Masting her Majesty^s Navy, made 
in the 9"' Year of the said Queen's Reign; The Act 
against clendestine running of uncustom''d Goods, and 
for the more effectual preverding of Frauds relcding to 
the Customs, made in the 5*'' Year of His late Majesty's 
Reign; The Act giving further Encouragement for the 
Importation of Navcd Stores, & for other purposes 
therein mention' d, made in the 8*?" Year of His said 
late Majesty's Reign, The Act for the more effectucd 
Suppression of Piracy, made in the same Year of His 
said late Majesty's Reign; Tlie Act for the better Pres- 


ervatiori of His Majesty's Woods in America, and for 
the Encoutrujemeut of the Lnportatioii of Naval Stores 
from thence made ill the second Year of Our Reign; 
The Act for importing front His Majesty's Plantations 
in America, directly into Ireland, Goods not entinier- 
cded in any Act of Parliantent, made in the 4^*' Year 
of Our Reign, as explain'd by an Act pass'd in the 
5*" Year of Our Reign; tlie Act for the more easy Be- 
covery of Debts in His Majesty's Plantcdions and Colo- 
nies in America, made in the fifth Year of Our Reign; 
The Act to prevent the Exported ion of Halts out of any 
of His Majesty's Colonies or Plantations in America, 
& to restrain the Number of Apprentices tal\:en by the 
Hatmakers in the said Colonies or Plantations &c. 
made in the same Year of Our Reign; The Act for tlie 
encouragiwi the Grotvth of Coffee in His Majesty^s 
Planted io)is in America, made in tlie same Year of 
Our Reign; TJie Act for the better securing d^ enconr- 
aging the Trade of His Majesty's Sugar Colonies in 
America, made in the sixth year of Our Reign; And 
tlie Act for the further Encouraging and regulating 
the Manufacture of BritisJt Sail Cloth; and for the 
more effectmd securing tlie Duties now payable on for- 
eign Sail Cloth iynported into this Kingdom made in 
the 9*!' Year of Our Reign; Tlie Act for granting Lib- 
erty to carry Sugars of tlie Growth, Product or Manu- 
facture of any of His Majesty's Sugar Colo)vies in 
America, from the said Colonies directly to J'oreign 
Parts in Ships built in Great Britain and navigated 
according to Law, passed in the 12^'' Year of Our 
Reign; T'he Act for the better Sujjply of Mariners and 
Seamen to serve in His Majesty's SJ/ips of War. and 
on Board MercJiants Ship.s, and other trading S/iips 
and Privateers, passed in the i:'"' year of Our Reign; 
The Act for tlie more effect u(d Securing and encour- 
aging the Trade of His Majesty's British Subjects to 
America, and for the Hncouragment of Seaman to 


enter His Majesty's Service pass'd also in the 13"* Year 
of Our Reign; The Act for restraining and preveyiting 
several unwarrantable Schemes & undertakings in His 
Majesties Colonies and Plantations in America, pass'd 
in the 14 Year of Our Reign; An Act for further reg- 
ulating the Plantation Trade, and for Relief of Mer- 
chants importing Prize Goods from America, and for 
preventing Collusive Captures there &c. pass'd in the 
15*!' Year of Our Reign; A71 Act for the better Encour- 
agement of Seamen in His Majesty\s Service and 
Privateers to annoy the Enemy, pass'd in the 17. Year 
of Our Reign, And an Act for the better Encourage- 
ment of the Trade of His Majesty's Sugar Colonies in 
America, passed in the 19. Year of Our Reign; All 
which Laws you will herewith receive, and you shall 
take a Solemn Oath to do your utmost that all the 
Clauses, Matters and Things contain'd in the before 
recited Acts, and in all other Acts of ParUament now 
in force, or that hereafter shall be made relating to Our 
Colonies or Plantations be punctually & bona fide 
observed, according to the true Intent and Meaning 
thereof. [The rest of these Instructions for Trade 
being exactly the same (mutatis mutandis) as those 
given to all other Governors on the Continent of 
America, vide Virginia H. fol? 250.] 

[In V^olume VI, p. 422, will be found a letter from 
Ferdinand John Paris, dated February IT*!' 1747, relat- 
ing to the delay of Governor Belcher in obtaining his 
Commission and Instructions which were awaiting his 
apphcation for them. Under date of 13tli February Mr. 
Paris states that, the Governor had called at the proper 
office a few days previously for the first time in 
five months, to inquire about them, and had deposited 
£200 to pay the fees; and it was supposed that the 
money had been obtained through the agency of his 
brother-in-law Richard Pai'tridge, from the Quakers of 
Yorkshire, upon representations of the benefit derived 


by the Quakers of Massachusetts during the adminis- 
tration of Mr. Belcher there, and what might be ex- 
pected from him in New Jersey. Analytical Index, 
p. 200.— Ed.] 

Proceedmgs of the Council of New Jersey on the arri- 
val of Governor Belcher. 

[From the Alexander Papers, Vol. I, No. 30, in the Rutherfurd Collection.] 

Att a Council held at Perth Araboy in New Jer- 
sey August 10*^ 1747. 
The hon''**' John Reading Esq!" President. 

Edward Antill Peter Kemble \t^ rs 
James Hude And"^ Johnston ) 

Jonathan Belcher Esq' produced his Majesties Letters 
patent under the Great Seal of Great Brittain bearing 
date the thirteenth day of february Last appointing him 
Captain, General and Governor in Chief of tlie prov- 
ince of New Jersey and a Commission under the Broad 
Seal of the admii-alty of Great Brittiiin dated the Sec- 
ond of March last appointing him Vice admiral of the 
Said province; which Letters patent and C-ommission 
were read. 

The Council then administered to his Excellency 
Jonathan Belcher Esq' the Several oaths mentioned in 
his Letters patent; and Likewise the usual oath for the 
due Execution of his Office of Captain, General and 
Governor of this province, and also that lie Should do 
his utmost that the Several Laws relating to trade and 
the plantations Should be observed; and also the oath 
for duely Executing his otfice of Chancellor, and keeper 
of the Great Seal of this pi'ovince. x\nd the [Saidif] 
John Reading Esq"" delivered to his Excellency the 
Seals of the province. 


After which his Excellency administered the oaths 
appointed by Said Letters patent to the Gentlemen of 
the Council that were present this day [John Reading, 
Edward Antill, James Hude, Peter Kerable and Andrew 
Johnston.] ' 

Then his Excellency with the Council went to the 
City Hall when his Excellency's Letters patent ap- 
pointing him Captain General and Governor in Chief 
of this province; and his Commission for Vice admiral 
of the same, were published & openly read. 

Then his Excellency ordered a proclamation to be 
Issued for Continuing all officers Civil and Military 
within this province in their Several and Respective 
offices and Employments, until further orders. 

Letter from Ferdinand John Paris, to James Alex- 

[From Papers of F. J. Paris in Library N. J. His. Soc, Bundle X, No. 47. | 

Sir [Extract.] 

" * '^ * '" ""'■ I am very soi-ry ""' "^ - '■• to 
See that your Assembly has, on their Part, so little 
Inclination to assist the Government, as by their Pro- 
ceedings they seem to have; and do expect, when your 
New Governor arrives, they will have still less Inclina- 
tion, that Way: For I am much mistaken if he is at 
all Warm in the Land Proprietors Interest, Tho' he 
Will, undoubtidly, pretend to be so. And he has so 
Close a Way of Acting, that he may deceive those who 
believe, or don't know him, But if the Ryoters know 
him, & his Ways, You'l soon discover his Real Inclina- 
tions, which every one here expects to see Pi-oofs of 

' Robert H. Morris was sworn August 11th, John Rodman, Richard Smith and 
Thomas Leonard on Axigust 20th. 


Finding no sort of likelyhood that this Affaij- sho'd be 
considered here, I was wining to serve you as much as 
I could, by making those Ryots Serve in Order to get 
out the Papers, which you so much desire to have, 
from the Board of Trade. *•■ "•• -^ ■• "•^' 

I have not more at present, but to acquaint you that 
I perceive, by your repeated Letters to me about the 
Ryots. You plainly wish that I wou'd be active, & 
get something done therein, on our Side, I have there- 
fore Stirred more therein, than your first Orders had 
directed me to do, but as I expected before, I See no 
Probability of the matter being taken up here. And am 
Sir You most obed- humble Serv'. 

[Under date of October 17th, 1747, M' Paris wrote to 
M' Alexander, *' As to the Affairs of the Riots, I do not 
find that our Sec""-^" of State, or Lords of Trade, have 
taken any one Step therein, more than when I wrote 
you last."] 

Addresses to Governor JonafJinv Belcher on his cirri- 
voT, and his Answers thereto. 

(From tlie New York Weekly Postboy of August 17th. 1747. | 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq" 
Captain Greneral and Governor in Chief of 
his Majesty's Province of New Jersey and 

' Mr. Paris had been agent of the Proprietors of East Jersey for some years. For 
a notice of him see Volume VT:, page 424. 

^ Governor Belcher arrived from England on Saturday, August 8th, onboard 
His Majesty's Ship Scarborough. He landed at Perth Amboy, having come in his 
barge from Sandy Hook. Analytical Index of Colonial Documents, p. 207.— Ed. 


Territories thereon depending in America, 
and Vice Admiral of the same &c. 
The Humble Address of the President and Coun- 
cil of Proprietors for the Eastern Division 
of New Jersey. 

We wait on your Excellency to express our sincere 
Joy on your safe arrival in your Government; we pray 
that your Administration may establish Peace so much 
wanted in the Province, and may prove happy to your- 
self; and we make your Excellency the Tender of our 
heartiest Endeavours to promote the Pubhck Good in 
general, and your Excellency's Ease and Satisfaction 
in particular. 

As at the Surrender of the Government by the Gen- 
eral Proprietors it was stipulated, that the Governor 
for the Time being, should receive from his Majesty a 
certain Set of Instructions, relating to the Owners of 
the Soil, then agreed upon; we make no doubt but 
your Excellency comes furnished therewith, and will, 
whenever we apprehend ourselves injured, and apply 
to you for Eedress, give us all the Countenance and 
Assistance in your Powder. 

By Order of the Council, 
Perth Amboy August 12, 1747 


To which his Excellency was pleased to give the 
following Answer 

Gentlemen, I am obhged to you for your handsome 
Address of Congratulation, upon my safe Arrival to 


this his Majesty's Government; and for the kind As- 
surances you give me of your heartiest Endeavours to 
promote the Pubhc Good, as well as my Ease and 
Satisfaction; and this I still take the more kindly, 
while a set of wicked and unreasonable Men have in 
some Parts of the Province, in the most violent Man- 
ner, trampled on all Authority. 

You may assure yourselves, that I shall at all Times 
have a strict Regard to his Majesty's Royal Orders, 
and with much Pleasure receive such Applications as 
you may at any Time make to me for redi-essing any 
Injuries, or Injustice that may be attempted on the 
Rights and Interest of the Proprietors of tlie Eastern 
Division of thi?; Province. 

The same Day the Corporation of this City [Perth 
Amboy] presented also the following Address. 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher. Esqr 
Captain General and Governor in Chief in 
and over His Majesty's Province of Nova 
Caesarea, or New Jersey, &c. and Vice Ad- 
miral in the same. 

The humble Address of the Mayor, Recorder, 
Aldermen and Common Council Men of the 
City of Perth Amboy, in Common Council 

May it please Your Excellency 

The Coryjoration of the City of Perth Amboy, hum- 
bly beg Leave to congratulate youi' Excellency on your 
safe Arrival to this your Government of New Jersey. 
We esteem it a particular instance of his Majesty's 


Royal Favour and tender Regard for his Subjects here, 
that he hath been graceously pleased to appoint a Gen- 
tleman to preside over us, who is so well acquainted 
with the Constitution of his Northern Colonies; as a 
grateful Acknowledgement whereof, we shall always 
use our utmost Endeavours to render your Excellency's 
Administration pleasant and easy. 

The City of Perth Aniboy is not only most commo- 
diously situated for a Place of Trade, but is one of the 
best Harbours for shipping upon the Continent, and 
yet hath hitherto struggled with many Difficulties; 
nevertheless, by your Excellency's Favour and Kind 
Protection (which we humbly pray for) we hope Trade 
will flourish amongst us. 

We heartily wish we could have welcomed your 
Excellency into a Government at Peace within itself, 
amidst the Calamities of a foreign War; but such is 
our Misfortune at present, that most notorious Riots 
are frequently and o])enly committed in the Province 
with Impunity, by Persons so infatuated as to attempt 
the Subversion of our happy Constitution and Govern- 
ment, and by Force to abolish those good Laws by 
which we and our Fore-Fathers have been hitherto 
governed. But we hope your Excellency's seasonable 
Arrival will strike a Terror into those Disturbers of 
the Public Peace, and oblige them to return to their 
Duty; which we would be very desirous of. 

That we may all cheerfully do our Duty to the best 
of Kings; that his Majesty's Arms both by Sea and 
Land may be always successful and victorious: and 
that we may thereby obtain a speedy and honourable 
Peace; And that your Excellency may live long 
amongst us and enjoy the good Effects of these Bless- 
ings, are the sincere Wishes and Prayers of us, and of 
His Majesty's most dutiful and loyal Subjects the C^iti- 
zens of Perth Am boy. 


To which his Excellency was pleased to return 
the following Answer. 

Oentlenien I thank you very kindly for this Mark of 
your Respects upon my safe Arrival, after escaping, 
by the Favour of Heaven, the many Perils of the Seas; 
I have harcll}" ever seen a Place more pleasantly situ- 
ated for Health or more coniniodiously for Trade, than 
Perth Am boy; ' and you may depend on every thing 
on my part to render it a flourishing City. 

It gives me much Concei-n, that you are obliged to 
lay before me the wicked Practices of some abandoned 
People in the Province. I am sure nothing will be 
wanting m me to discountenance and suppress such 
flagrant and impudent Violations of all Rule and Gov- 
ernment, and I doubt not but the Governor, Council 
and Assembly will be united as one Man, in the wisest 
Jileasures they can fall into, for restoring the Peace 

and Prosperity of this People. 

J. Belcher. 

Letter from Chief Justice Robert Hunter Morris to 
James Alexander. 

(From the Original Papers of James Alexander, in the Rutherfunl Collection. 
Vol. I, No. U.| 

Morrisania Augf 20, 1747 

D' Sir [Extracts.] 

I am highly pleased with the gov? answers to the 
severall addresses and hope they will have good Effects. 

' A few days after the Corporation of Elizabethtown waited upon the Governor 
with an address, in which they said, " Our Corporation being the oldest and lar.gest 
Town in youi- Government, would appear among the foremost in our Endeavours 
to render your Excellency easy and happy, in the Government of a loyal and obe- 
dient People."' Notwlth.standing the encomiums bestowed upon Perth Amboy by 
the Governor, the attractions of Elizabethtown appear to have insured it his 
preference, as he took up his residence there during the latter part of his 
administration. — Ed. 



I think as formerly that the council! should jDush that 
matter as strongly as they can and insist that some- 
tliing Effectuall be done in that before any other busi- 
ness be entered upon, and if that point be once gained 
we shall be better able to carry the other things we 
have to propose. " * * M' Clinton took it 
amiss that Ml' Belcher did not notifie his arrival to him, 
I would not willingly have a misunderstanding be- 
tween them Especially as M.\ Belcher proposes soon to 
come to york: I therefore wish you would fall on some 
way to let him know that 'tis Expected. Your son 
promis'd me to mention this to you but least he should 
forget it I have taken notice of it 

T have seen Ogden who informs me that some of 
the Eioters are indicted for High Treason, and that 
John Low is gone to Boston — I thought it proper he 
should make use of these two things among the people 
by observing to them the Danger they have been led 
into which if they persisted in the same measures 
would End in the death of many and the Ruin of 
others, and at the same time observe to them that M; 
Low had left them at a time when it might have been 
in his power to have said something in their favour to 
the Gov^ and Assembly, and by this Means to prevail 
upon some of them to Discover the foundation and 
first Rise of those disturbances which certainly were 
occasioned by M"^ Low. * * * 
Your Most Faithfull Humble serv' 


Speech of Goveruor Belcher to the Council and As- 
semhlij of New Jersey, and the Ansivers of the 
Council and (jfeneral Assembly. August 20th-22d, 

I From tlie New York Gazette of August 31st, 1747, among Papers of James Alex- 
ander, Vol. I, No. 18. and Vol. m, No. 20, in Rutherf urd Collection.! 

The Speech of his Excellency Jonathan Bel- 
cher, Esq*" Captain General and Governor 
in Cheif of the Province of New Jersey : to 
the Council and General Assembly of said 
Province, on Thursday the 20th of August, 

Gentlemen of the Council, and of the General Assembly 

I DO, in the first Place, give thanks to Almighty 
God, my great and kind Preserver from the Perils of 
the Seas, and in a Time of general Wai-, and for my 
safe Arrival. 

T am sensible you must have long since heard of liis 
Majesty's Grace and Favour to me. in appointing me 
to the Government of Nova Cct^srea, oi- New Jersey, 
and I have been impatiently waiting in England for 
the Opportunity of a Passage in a Shi)) of War, and 
have embraced the first bound this way. 

I have published his Majesty's Royal ('onimission at 
Perth Amboy, and at this ])lace. as has been usual, 
and according to my Duty, and my Oath to his Majesty 
(and i-enewed hei-e) I sluill strictly conform myself to 
the King's I'onmiands, and to the Powers granted me 
therein : as also to the additional Authorities contained 
in the King's i-oyal Orders to me; and from these 
Things I think you will not desire me to deviate 


While I was at the Head of two considerable Prov- 
inces in New England, my Administration was often 
approved by his Majesty; and altho' he was pleased, 
for his own wise Reasons, to remove rae after having 
had the Honour of his royal Commission there up- 
wards of eleven Years : yet I accept with all Thank- 
fulness his conferring on me the Government of this 
fine flourishing Province, as a repeated public Testi- 
mony of his full Satisfaction in my Conduct in the 
Government of those Provinces 

I am, Gentlemen, glad to have this early Opportu- 
nity of Meeting you in General Assembly ; tho' it is 
my Misfortune to be so much a stranger, as I am at 
present to your pubhc Affairs, and to the Circum- 
stances of this Province ; but I promise you to devote 
myself to obtain the best Knowledge I can of them, 
that I may be the more capable of accomplishing my 
own warm Desires and firm Resolutions, of doing 
every thing in my Power, that may contribute not only 
to the general Welfare of the Province, but my Good 
Wishes are extended to the Protection and Ease of 
every Individual among you : and while I shall thus 
conduct myself, I am sure I shall in the best Manner 
do my Duty, and thereby render my self acceptable to 
the best of Kings, who always looks upon the Happi- 
ness of his People inseparably blended with his own 
Honour and Interest. — 

Gentlemen of the Council 

As his Majesty has been pleased to honour you with 
Seats at this Board, and thereby has not only made 
you a Part of the legislative Power, but Councillors 
also to his Governor, and to which you have been duly 
qualified ; I shall on all Occasions much esteem your 
Advice and Assistance for my better managing the 
Affairs of the Goverriment- 


Gentlemen of the Assembly 

It is more peculiarly your Privilege and Duty to 
make the necessary Supplies for the payment of the 
publick Debts, and for the Support of the Govern- 
ment : I therefore shall not doubt of your early and 
effectual Care in things that so nearly affect his Maj- 
esty's Honour and Service, as well as the Safety and 
real Interest of the People w^hom you represent. And 
while I am on this Head, not only in Obedience to his 
Majesty's Command, but also the better to prevent any 
future Difficulty, I am to acquaint you, that his Maj- 
esty expects you to settle on me an ample and honour- 
able Salary, Suitable to the Dignity of his Majesty's 
Governor ; and in this you will consider how much 
what passes for Mone}^ among you has been depi'eciat- 
ing for some Years past, and will therefore fix the 
Value of my Salary that I may not suffer in Time to 
come. I must also infoi-m you that I have been at a 
great Expence in my Commissions, Equipage, and 
other Charges relating to the Government, of which I 
shall not doubt your reasonable Consideration (as has 
been usual in his Majesty's other Governments) and 
that you will make suitable Provision for a House to 
receive me : and I shall be glad to pitch upon such a 
Place for my Residence as may best concert with liis 
Majesty's Honour, and with the Ease of the People, 
as well as my own Conveniency, altho' the last will 
have the least Weight with me. 

Gentlemen of the Conncil and of the General Assembly 
It gives me much C-oncern to find by the Addresses 
from several Corporations in my way from Perth Am- 
boy to this City, that some parts of the Province are 
in great Confusion, through the audacious Attempts 
of a Sett of seditious Persons to shake off their Alle- 
giance to the King, to trample upon his Laws, and to 
subvert all Rule and Government : If there be any 
Reason for Complaints, it is the incumbent Duty of 


all People to seek Redress from the Laws of the Land, 
and from then- Rulers : and to siibiitif to eirn/ Ordi- 
nance of Man for the Lord's. Sake. 

I am sorry to have this Difficulty to encounter at \nj 
first coming among you : yet it shall not discourage 
me, but I hope the Governor, Council, and General 
Assembly will unite as one Man, to endeavour to fall 
into such Measures, as by the Help of God, may put 
an End to the present Disorders, and restore lasting- 
Peace and Tranquility to the Government, and to all 
the People. And then I am sure the present and 
fature Generations will have Reason to rise vp and 
Call us blessed. 


As it is a busy Season of the Year, I suppose you 
will incline to make this Session short, by going on no 
other Business but what you may judge necessary to 
be done at this Juncture, and that you may the sooner 
return to your private Affairs ; and I shall be ready to 
conform my self to your Interest and Ease in this 

I hope your Deliberations and Debates will at all 
Times be carried on with such Temper and Moderation 
as that the whole Legislature may form their Resolu- 
tions for establishing the Prosperity of this People 
with a happy Unanimity, which is the best Bandage 
and Strength of a Government. I am sure Nothing 
will be vv^anting in me to promote such a beautiful 

Burlington August 20. 1747 


[Answer of the Council. \ 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher, EsQ^ 
Captain General and Governor in Chief in 
and over his Majesty's Province of New 
Jersey, and Territories thereon depending 
in America, Chancellor and Vice-Adniiral 
in the Same 

May it please your Excellency 

We His Majesty's Council for the Province of New 
Jersey give your Excellency our hearty Thanks for 
your favorable Speech; and beg leave to congratulate 
you on your safe Arrival to this his Majesty's Govern- 
ment of New Jersey, after a Voyage attended with 
uncommon Dangers in this Time of general War, for 
which we are pleased to find your Excell(^ncy make so 
pubhck and grateful an Acknowledgement to the 
Almighty, and we sincerely Join with your Excellency 

Most of us have been Witnesses to the Publication 
of his Majesty's Commission, by which we are sensi- 
ble your Excellency is Justly intitled to the Govern- 
ment of this Province; and we believe your Excellency 
embraced the first Opportunity of coming to it; the 
unhappy Situation whereof called loudly for your 

It is with the highest Satisfaction we find your Ex- 
cellency determined strictly to conform to the Com- 
mands and Instructions of his Majesty; since (as we 
suppose them to be the same that they usually have 
been) they are inseparal)ly blended with the Interest 
and Happiness of his People, And as his Majesty's 
appointing you to the Government, is a Proof of his 
Royal Satisfaction in your former Administration in a 
neighbouring Colony, so we have the strongest Reason 


to hope, and make not the least doubt, but that you 
will persist in approving your Conduct to his Majesty, 
by a steady and prudent Administration, and thereby 
render the People of this Province, safe, happy and 
flourishing: And as his Majesty has been pleased to 
honour us to be of his Council here, we shall upon all 
Occasions, chearfully afford your Excellency our best 
Advice and Assistance, when ever you shall require 
them; and we will readily concur with the other 
branch of the Legislature, in supporting the Govern- 
ment in an ample and honourable Manner, 

And we return your Excellency our highest Ac- 
knowledgements for the firm Resolution you express, 
of doing every thing in your Power that may contribute 
not only to the general Welfare of the Province, but 
to the Ease of every Individual among us. Such a 
Conduct will not only render your Excellency accept- 
able to the best of Kings, but will always command 
the Affections of a gi*ateful People. 

It is with the gi'eatest Concern, that we assure your 
Excellency of the Truths represented to you, by the 
several Addresses, in relation to the many notorious 
and wicked (and to all understanding and good Men, 
detestable) Riots, that have of late been committed 
within this Province, animated and spirited up by a 
few designing and wicked Men, big with the unjust 
and destructive Views of building up their own For- 
tunes on the Ruins of others; and who by crafty Insin- 
uations and base Artifices deluded from their 
Duty a gi'eat Number of ignorant and otherwise inno- 
cent Persons. 

We are truly concerned that your Excellency has 
such a Difficulty to struggle with, in the Beginning of 
your Administration; But as your Excellency's Reso- 
lution not to be in the least discouraged, will be (under 
the Influence of Heaven) the first and greatest Step 
towards surmounting it; So we shaU do evei'y Thing 


we are able to streDgtlien your Hands, and heartily 
Join with your Excellency and the other Branch of the 
Legislature, in doing every thing in our Power, to 
restore Peace and Tranquility to your Government, 
and to render your administrtion happy and easy. 

Burlington August '2'2d 1747. 

[For which the Governor briefly returned his hearty 


Tuesday August 25. 1747 

M"" Speaker with the House [of Representatives] 
attended his Excellency, and presented 
their Address in the following Words, viz 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher, EsQf 
Captain General and Governor in Chief in 
and over his Majesty^s Province of Nova 
C^SAREA or New Jersey, and Territories 
thereon depending in Ameria, and Vice- 
Admiral in the same &c 

May it please your Excellency 

We his Majesty's most dutiful and and loyal Subjects, 
the Representatives of the Colony of New Jersey, now 
in General Assembly convened, do, with the greatest 
Pleasure, embrace this Opportunity of congratulating 
your Excellency on your safe Ari'ival to this your Gov- 
ernment of New Jersey, at a Time when you had both 
the Dangers of the Seas and the Enemy to encounter 
with; and we Join with your Excellency in returning- 


Thanks to Almighty God, for your Preservation from 
these Perils. 

We had early Intelligence of his Majesty's Grace 
and Favour to your Excellency, and to this Colony, in 
appointing you Governour of Nova Caesaria, or New 
Jersey; and v^e have been long impatiently wishing 
and waiting for your Excellency's safe Arrival: 

Several of us are Witnesses of your Excellency's 
publishing your Commission in the Manner you have 
been pleased to mention to us. The conforming your- 
self to the King's Commands, and the Powers granted 
you therein, are what his Majesty will no doubt ex- 
pect from you; and we hope we shall have no Reason 
to desire your Excellency to deviate from the same. 

We in the most humble Manner acknowledge his 
Majesty's Grace and Favour, in appointing a Gentle- 
man of your Excellency's great Abihties to govern 
this Colony, who from your being at the Head of two 
considerable Provinces in America for so long a Time, 
must be well exi3erienced in the Nature of Government: 
And from the short Acquaintance we have had with 
your Excellency, we have great Reason to hope your 
Exellency's Inclinations are equal to your Abilities 
and that they will both be employed to make us a 
flourishing and happy People; We are therefore glad 
to have this early Opportunity of Meeting your Excel- 
lency in General Assembly. The kind and publick 
Manner in which you have declared you will apply 
Yourself to obtain the best Knowledge you can of om^ 
Publick Affairs (that you may be the more capable of 
accomplishing your warm Desires and firm Resolutions 
of doing every thing in your Power that may Contrib- 
ute to the general Welfare of the Province) and that 
your Good Wishes are extended to the Protection and 
Ease of every Individual among us, demand and en- 
gage our sincerest Affections and Thanks. Such 
Assurances from the Supreme Ruler and Governor of 


a Province, we ho])e will have a good Influence upon 
all inferior Officers in this Goveiiiraent; and we think 
cannot fail of affecting and softening the most obdu- 
rate Heart, and induce all those who have offended 
against the Laws, to return with the most humble 
Submission to their Duty; And whilst your Excellency 
shall in so tendei- a Manner conduct yourself towards 
the People, you will undoubtedly render yourself 
acceptable to his Majesty, whose paternal Care over all 
his Subjects is such, that he looks upon their Happi- 
ness as conducive to his own Honour, and that it is in- 
separably blended with his Interest. 

As it is our Privilege, so we think it our Duty, to 
make the necessary Pi-ovision for the Payment of the 
Publick Debts, and the Support of the Government; 
We shall take what youi- Excellency hath said to us 
on that Head into oui- serious Consideration, and shall, 
as near as the present Circumstances of this Colony 
will admit, comply with his Majesty's Expectations; 
And in the doing of this, we shall always consider how 
much what passes foi- Money depreciates, should that 
ever be our unhappy Circumstance. At present we 
can with equal Truth and Pleasure acquaint 3^our Ex- 
cellency, That the C*redit of our Paper Money is so well 
established by the several Laws that gave it Birth, 
that it is morally impossible that it should sink in 
Value. By these Laws effectual Care is taken that 
none shall be emitted but on Land Security, and that 
of double the Value at least: and the Title of the Lands 
carefully inspected by the Loan Officers appointed by 
Law in the several C^ounties to let out the Money. And 
as our Lands are daily rising in Worth, we cannot 
conceive it possible for any Fund to be of a more fixed 
and determinate Value; The Truth of which is happily 
confirmed to us by upwards of Twenty Vears Experi- 

When we are on the Bill for the Sui>port of Govern- 


merit we shall take into onr Coiisidera,tion what your 
Excellency is pleased to mention to us concerning the 
Expence you have been at relating to the Government: 
We shall make suitable Provision for paying the Eent 
of a House for your Excellency to reside in, and shall 
leave it to you to Judge what Place will best suit, and 
be most consistent with his Majesty's Honour, and 
with the Ease of the People and your own Conveniency. 

We are really sorry and much concerned, that there 
should be in this Colony a Set of such rash and incon- 
siderate Persons, who, by trampling on the Laws, 
have set the Government at Defiance, not considering 
that undeniable Truth and Just Observation of your 
Excellency, That if there he any Cause for Complaints, 
it is the incmnhent Duty of all People to seek Redress 
from the Laws of the Land. We are equally sorry 
your Excellency should have this Diiiiculty to encoun- 
ter with at your first coming amongst us ; but we do 
assure your Excellency we, on our Part, are ready to 
Join with the other Branches of the Legislature, that 
we may, as one Man, endeavour to fall on such Meas- 
ures as may put an End to the present Disorders, and 
I'estore lasting Peace to the Government, and Happi- 
ness to the People : and to that End we have appointed 
a Committee of our House to join a Committee of the 
Council to consider of Ways and Means for suppress- 
ing those Riots and present Disorders in this Colony. 

The busy Season of the Year will make it acceptable 
to us to be adjourned for some Time, that we may 
order our private Afi'airs so as to attend the Publick 
Business with less Detriment to our own ; and thereby 
your Excellency may have some Time of Ease from 
the Fatigues which so long a Voyage at Sea, and a 
Journey from Perth Amboy to this Place, must occa- 
sion, the better to acquaint yourself with the Circum- 
stances of this Colony 

We hope our Conduct at all Times will be such, as 


to Satisfy your Excellency, that all our Deliberations 
and Debates are influenced by a Temper and Modera- 
tion becoming the Eepresentatives of this Colony ; 
and we shall always endeavour, that a ha])py Unan- 
imity (which is certainly the best Bandage and Strength 
of a Government) may be established in the whole 
Legislature ; and we return your Excellency our 
hearty Thanks, for the Assurance you are pleased to 
give us, that Nothing shall be wanting in you to pro- 
mote such a beautiful Harmony. 
By Order of the House, 

Robert Lawrence, Speaker. 

[The Governor made a brief acknowledgment for 
"this handsome Address" and expressed his satisfac- 
tion at their manifestations that "the true weal of 
the people of the Province " would be their constant 

Lette7\from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
informing them of his arrival in the Province. 

fFi-oin P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vul. V, F !).-x! 

May it please your Lordships 

I have now the Honour, to advise your Lordships, 
of my arrival, to this Government, after a tedious 
Passage, of near 10 weeks. The 10th of this month I 
publisht His ^Majesty's Commission at Perth Amboy, 
and from thence came hither, where I propose to 

I lind. this Province, my Lords, in much Confusion, 
from Riots, Committed in several })arts, by great num- 
bers of Seditious People, that violate the Laws, and in 
a most audacious manner break open the King's 
Goals, and rescue Prisoners, I have met the Assembly, 


and recommended this affair, to their serious Consid- 
eration : But as it is a very Busy season, of the year, 
they sat but a few Days and desired a Recess, and I 
hope, at their next coming together, we shall fall upon 
proper measures, to put an End, to those dangerous 

I shall from Time to Time, keep your Lordships ac- 
quainted with all things that relate to his Majesty's 
Service : and have the Honour, to be, with much 
respect My Lords 

your Lordship's most Obedient 
Burlington and most humble servant 

in New Jersey J Belcher 

Aug-ust 27^" 174T. 

Answer of the Rioters to the Publications of the Pro- 
prietors and Speech of Samuel Nevill. 

LFrom Papers of Ferdinand John Paris in the N. J. His. Soc. Library, Vol. O.] 

An Answer to the Council of Proprietor's two 
Publications ; Sett forth at Perth- Am boy 
the 25th of March 1746,' and the 25th of 
March 1747. As also some Observations on 
Mr. Nevirs Speech to the House of Assem- 
bly, in Relation to a Petition presented to 
the House of Assembly, met at Trentown 
in the Province of New Jersey, in May, 

Having seen several Declarations said to be set forth 
and Published by Order of the Council of Proprietors, 
reflecting on the Committee as Seducers, &c, We, 
conscious of our Innocency in tliat Respect, and Fidel- 

' See Volume II, page 397. 


ity, with Regard unto the Trust reposed in us by so 
great a Number of People, and Apprehensions we have 
conceived of the Weight of the Concern; take occasion 
to offer something, which (in our small Capacities) 
seems fit for Consideration, upon the Subject in con 

Hence, we submit to the World: Whether an Act, 
made for Vacating and Annulling Grants of Lands, 
and devesting the Owners of them, some Years after 
Purchases were made, and Urants obtained, of the 
Indians, be not unreasonable, and manifest Injustice 
to the Grantees 'i Sucli is the Case in Question, as we 
shall clearly manifest. 

Our Predecessors (Inhabiting Newark, &c. ) besides 
the great Hazards they run, the extream Hardships 
they underwent, and many Difficulties they met with, 
in coming into this Wilderness, amidst a Barljerous 
People, Purchased, not of some Strolling Indians, or 
for some few Bottles of Kum, as is suggested by the 
Proprietors in their Publication, but of their Chiefs, 
at a dear Rate, and with a great Sum, for the then 
Times, as may appear by the Grant or Deed from the 
Natives, bearing Date July 11. KIOT. The Particulars, 
to prevent further Reflections, we Insert, viz. 50 Dou- 
ble Hands of Powder; looo Bars of Lead; 20 Axes; 20 
Coats; 10 Guns; 20 Pistols; 10 Pair of Breeches; 50 
Knives; 20 Hoes; 850 Fathoms of Wampom; 2 Anckor s 
of Liquors, or something Equivalent; and 8 Trooper's 
Coats; besides a Remainder, engaged to them by Bill. 

Also, Another Indian Deed of Sale and Confirmation, 
to the Town of Newark, from the Owners of the Great 
Mountain, in Consideration of 2 Guns; 8 Croats; and 
13 Kans of Rum, bearing Date the loth of March, 
1677-8. The former Purchase is said to be made, with 
and by the Advice and Consent of Philip Carterett. 
And the latter, before him, and further taken and 
acknowledged by him. Witnessed by James Bollin, his 


Secretary, &c. Who could Question our just Right to 
the Soil; considering the due measures our Ancestors 
took to obtain it. They being in quest of a Settlement 
for themselves and their Associates in the lower Parts 
of the Country; the said Philip Carterett, the then 
Governour, sent for them, requesting (together with 
the then few Inhabitants at Elizabeth-Town,) that 
they would take Settlements, in these Parts, who, 
likeing the Scituation of Newark, he gave them a 

Grant or Lysence to Purchase : as follows. 

Province of New Jersey YOU Mr. Obediah Bruen, 
Mr. Samuel Ketchel, Micah Tomkins, John Brown, 
Robert Dennison, and Company, have Liberty to Pur- 
chase from the Indians, within this Government, what 
Quantity of Land you shall think Convenient, begin- 
ning by the Bay, thence Westwards, or in any other 
Place in this Province, &c. And for so doing this shall 
be your Warrant. Given under my Hand and Seal 
this Eleventh Day of July, Anno Dom. 1666. 

Such a Lysence they had, without any Restriction, 
or Limmitation, as to Land or Time; whereupon, they 
made Purchases, at several Times, as before Specified. 
And this was before any of the Concessions, Rules or 
Acts made by the Proprietors, (w^hich they say renders 
Men Sedicious and Criminal, who treat with the 
Indians about their Lands) were Extant 

And thus Newark was founded, &c: But our Oppo- 
nents, object &;c. Your Grant (say they) is lost; and 
you can find no Record of it. Very True; and we sup- 
pose we might charge our loss of that, to some of the 
thenProi^rietors. ' And we furtlier suppose it will not be 
denied. That many of the Transactions of, and in, those 
early Days, in this Colony, (even untill some of the 
latter Days of Governor Carterett) are not to be found, 

' Mr. Pierson of Newark being chosen & sent (at the Request of the Governour 
to Treat with the Proprietors, at one of their Proxie Meetings at Elizabeth Town, 
Declared, it was there taken out of his Pocket, 


in the present Registry of this Province. But, how- 
ever, a Grant orLysence we had, as is Ap])arent; both 
by the Declarations of our Ancestors; the Concession 
of Brigadier Hunter, in a Patent Granted Newark in 
the Name of Queen ANNE, Where mention is made 
of the Lysence aforesaid, and the Bounds of Newark 
ascertained, according to the aforesaid Grants or Deeds. 
And also by a Copy of the same (supposed the Original 
by the Seal thereon) declared to be long since found 
among Governour Carterett's Papers, then in the 
Hands of Mr. Effingham Townley, and carefully Ex- 

Yea, and do not the Indian Grants or Deeds, them- 
selves, Imply and Include so much, bearing and carry- 
ing an undeniable Lisence, in the very Bowels of 

But, notwithstanding the good Right, and great As- 
surance, our Ancestors had, for their Lands, at the 
first. The then Proprietors soon framed a Scheme to 
beguile and insnare them." They complained they 
were constrained to support the Government, them- 
selves, without any help from them; and on that Con- 
sideration, moved them to take Patents of them oiz. 
the Proprietorsj for the Lauds they Possessed, in c)rder 
to make their Yoke lighter, by itaying them Quit Kents, 
&c. And })roposed. tliat such of them as liad under- 
gone tlie Fatigues of tiist Planting or Settling, shonld 
have but a lite Tax laid on them. viz. Six Pence a 
Year for aii Hundred Acies. And the otiiers their 
Associates, &c. who had Lands should i)ay. Annually, 
an half Penny ])er Acre. And about the same Time 
Governour Carterett gave General and Public Notice; 
for all Peioons to take Patents, for theii- Lands under 
the Yearly Rents of an half Penny per Acre; vvliicii, 

' With and by the Advice & Consent of P. Carterett. And before him taken and 
- At the Proxie Meeting ubove-iuentiunod 



if they refused he would grant Patents thereof unto 
any others, who would take them. Our Purchasers 
(unapprehensive of any Snake in the Grass) some of 
of them supposing the consideration above Reasonable, 
through the Justice and Equity of the suiDporting Gov- 
ernment.' Complyed with that Motion, and took 
Patents, some at Six Pence per Hundred, and some 
at an half Penn}^ per Acre. 

But others again, knowing the just Right they had 
and the just Measures the}^ had taken to obtain it; 
(not from any Regret against the Government or Sup- 
port of it) I'efused to be at the Charge of Surveying 
and Patenting their own Land, on their Terms. So 
that much of the Purchased Land in Newark, as well 
as in other Places, was by Patent, granted unto such 
Persons who had no manner of Right in, or Claim 
unto the same by Purchase. And Whether such Pro- 
cedures were not unjust, and unrighteous Dealing, to 
oblige Men to take Patents for their Lands or to be 
dispossessed of them, Let the World Judge. But our 
Antagonists again object, and say, the Lands in Ques- 
tion, never were Ours: 

King Charles the Second gave them to the Duke of 
York, and thence, by divers mean Conveyances, they 
are handed down unto the present Proprietors. 

We hope you'll give us leave to ask how he came by 
them, was it by Discovery, by Conquest, by Gift, or by 
Contract, was the Discovery made in his Day;? — Did 
not his Predecessor Grant to the People heretofore, 
Settling and Inhabiting New England, &c. Even all 
that which he (his Successor) is said to have given to 
the Duke of York, including all these North American 
Lands, even unto the South -Seas. Or, was it an unin- 
habited Land when discovered, as some have suggested. 

Was it not even full of Inhabitants, how Numerous 

' (They have Declared they knew not the Nature of Patents, &c.) 


have they been here since some of us can Eeniember. 
And can it be supposed they had no Right unto, or 
Charter Grant for, their Lands, Yes, Doubtless they 
had, from the Great and Absolute Proprietor of the 
Whole Universe, and which had stood Register'd in the 
best Record on Earth. But to pass this. 

We would take leave a little to Remark and Con- 
sider of that Blind Position, as 'tis called, viz. That 
the Indians were once the Owners of the Soil, and our 
Conclusion thence, viz. That those who have Pur- 
chased, or got Deeds of, their Right, must also be 
Owners, now. 

We declare ourselves to be of the same Mind still as 
before, and to hold to the Position aforesaid, how 
blind soever it may seem to others, untill we can have 
better and clearer Light and Sight, than we can obtain 
by the Coloured Arguments and Painted Eloquence of 
our 0])iK)nents. 

And therefore we must still conclude. That to dis- 
possess those His Majesties Liege Subjects who have 
lioiiestly Purchased their Lands, and gotten Tvuv and 
(lenuine Deeds of their Right and Propeity, must 
needs be unjust and unreasonable.' 

Even the Lords Connnissionei-s for Trade and Plan- 
tations being Judges; as l)y a Memoiial laid before 
them. Anno 169S. Api)ears, take an Extraction thence, 

'If they (viz. the Indians) had Possession of them, 
* ( viz. the Lands) then (with Submission) they had a 
' Right to them, by Preoccu])ancv, by the Law of 
' Nature; and by all other Laws a Right by Posses- 
' sion, against every one but he who could shew a bet- 
' ter Right.- 

'The Discovering and Possessing these Lands, might 

' Would they liave People think this to have been a void and uninhabited Coun- 
try, when discovered. 


give the English a Right against any others but the 
Natives; but that which gave them a Right before 
others, not being the Natives, viz. Possession and 
Preoccupancy, gave the Natives a Right against 
them, untill the Natives, by free Agreement, should 
part with their Right. The Advantage any Nation 
hath over another, in Might & Power, in True Reli- 
gion, or in the Acts of Government, War or Improve- 
ments, or other Arts & Sciences, doth not (with 
humble Submission) give the Nation that has those 
Advantages, in ever so great a Degree, a Right to 
the Possessions of another People, be they ever so 
Weak and Unable to defend them, ever so Ignorant 
and Irreligious, ever so Salvage and Barbarous. Nor 
is it pretended that those Indians were in a State of 
War with England, for they have been Treated with 
as Friends, and the Granting Lisences by the Govern- 
ments to Purchase Lands of them, admits them, to 
have a Right to seU them; which 'tis not to be 
Doubted but they once had, and (with Submission) 
we cannot see how they have lost it, unless their 
being Weak and Unable to defend themselves, or 
unskilled in Religion, Policy and Arts, can alter Mat- 
ters of Right, upon the Principles of natural Justice. 
We know not what Right the Crown had to those 
Lands before Purchased of the Natives, but the Own- 
ers of such Lands by and under such Purchase do 
humbly insist and rely upon it, that by such Pur- 
chases they have a full Right and Property in the 
Lands so purchased: And we are informed, That it 
was formerly thought for the Interest of the Crown 
of England, that as much Ijand as could, should be 
Purchased from the Indians, and also, that all En- 
couragement was given to People to make such pur- 
chases, for that the Territories of the Crown of Eng- 
land are thereby enlarged. — Therefore the Vacating 
and Annulhng of Indian Grants tends not only to the 


obtained a Patent from His Majesty King William for 
the Land Surveyed, (without having made any Pur- 
chase of the Indians) and now C'Ock sure of their 
Lands, they brought over several Families to Possess, 
or Settle the Same: But this Land having been before 
Purchased of the Natives, by some of the Neighbour- 
ing Inhabitants of that Country, and in part Settled, 
they would not be frighted out of their Right; but, by 
Application to His Majesty, had their Indian Grant or 
Deed confirmed, and the aforesaid Patent revoked by 
himmself : (A Royal Fraud, surely, in our Proprietors 
Sense. ) 

Take one more Instance, from our Neighbouring- 
Provinces of New York: In Governour Dongans Day 
and Time: 

The Indian Natives, from some special Regard to 
one (of whom they had Doubtless received some 
Favours) made him a Grant of a considerable Tract of 
Land, lying upon or near Hudsons-River; this same 
Land it pleased the then Governour to Grant, by Pat- 
ent, to another Person, who presuming to Settle and 
Improve it. was beat off and Dispossessed b3^ the In- 
dians, whereby said Patent was revoked, and the Right 
Settled upon the true Owner, the Grantee abovesaid. 

And moreover, it seeme to us reasonable so to think 
and believe as abovesaid, because we find, by the In- 
structions of Sir George Carterett made on the 31st of 
July 1674, and given under his own Hand, and the 
Broad Seal of the Province, That no Land whatsoever 
shall be taken up but what shall be first Purchased 
from the Indians, which Instructions is upon the Pub- 
lick Records of the Province of New Jersey and the 
Original Mr. Willocks had. Now, how the Proprietors 
Act in C^oncert with these Instructions the World may 
Judge. When they are seeking to dispossess Poor 
Men and enter into their Labours, are not these the 
Austere Lords, That would Reap where they have not 


Scotia is thereby Granted, then Long-Island, then all 
the Land from Connecticut-River, to Delaware-River. 

We had by a Copy of the Commission of Governour 
Nicholls Published it, as it was therein set forth. — 
Note, From the Duke's &c. 

And we do not see why the several Colonies of the 
Massachusetts or Boston, and Rhode-Island, may not 
be as well included in that Grant, as New-Hampshire 
Government, the greatest Part of Connecticut, and all 
New-York, &c. 

But be that Matter as it wiU. We believe (as we 
have heretofore Published) and submit it to any 
i-ational Apprehension, That the Right, Granted by 
King Charles, was of Governance, and not of Soil, 
Unless those who had these Grants should Purchase 
the same of the Natives, and so make it their own. 
The Basis or Ground of our belief as aforesaid, is taken. 

First, From the large and extensive Grants, made 
and given unto Governours in their Commissions for 
Rule and Government in and about those Times, as in 
the Instance of NichoUs, his Commission, &c. And 
was not Bellaraont Stiled the Governour of New-Eng- 
land, New- York, New-Hampshire, &c. And what a 
Noise was there, in Lord Cornbury's Days, relating to 
Rights and Properties in Connecticut, &c. All which 
proved but an empty Sound, and Vanished away. 

Moreover, Examples in sundry Matters of Fact, 
Shew this: 

It is a thing known to many in this Land, what pre- 
tence of Right some of King James his Men' had to 
the Lands lying to the Eastward of Boston, &c. who 
having gotten what they call a Propriety Right, went 
and Surveyed a great Tract of Land at or near Black- 
Point, so called, carried their Survey to England, and 

' Those who pretended Right and Property m the Soil by Virtue of a Grant from 
James Duke of York, &c. 


' Discouraging and Interruption of all Improvements 
' of Lands, but even to the Subversion of Government, 
' and reducing of Things to Disorder and Confusion.' 

It seems Strange to us to find the Proprietors so 
called, speaking of this Country as Void and unin- 
habited, and of the Soil, sometimes, as the Right of 
the C*rown, and sometimes, as the Right and Property 
of King Charles the Second, whence they say it was 
the Duke of York's, and from him. Sir George Carte- 
rett's, &c. As if Lands, Appropriate to the Crown of 
England, could be, by any King, so Ahenated and 
Conveyed, that his Successors should thereby be 
devested of any Right or Property in the Premises, (a 
Royal Fraud surely) as Mr. Nevill says: 

Besides one' writes, of King Charles his Grant to the 
Duke, That it was all that Part of the Main Land of 
New-England, beginning at a certain Place called Saint 
Croix adjoining to New-Scotland in America, and from 
thence extending along the Sea-Coast unto a certain 
Place called Pemaquid, and so up the River thereof, 
to the furthest Head of the same as it tended North- 
ward, and extending from thence to the River Kene- 
becque, and so upw^ard by the shortest Course to the 
River Canada Northw^ard, and also, all that Island or 
Islands commonly called by the Name or Names of 
Muttavvacks or Long-Island, Scituate Lying & Being 
to the West of Cape-Cod, an*! the Narrowgansets, but- 
ting upon the Main Land between the two Rivers there 
called or known by the several Names of Connecticut 
and Hudsons- River, together also with the River called 
Hudsons-River, and the Land from the West of Con- 
necticut, to the East Side of Delaware Bay, &c. An- 
other writes thus." 

A Tract of Land called Pemaquid bounding on Nova- 

> Mr. Alexander, to Governor 1\Iontgomerie, in Chancery. 
2 Mr. Neviirs Speech, Vid. Post-Boy of May 20, 1746. 


Sown, and Gather where they have not Strawed. Let 
such but Peruse the Sacred Eecords,' they may Read 
their Character and Doom both. 

As to the Acts of 16S3, and 1703, whence Purchasers 
are Stiled Seditious, Criminals, Traitors^ and the hke, 
and wherein His Majesty's Subjects are said to have 
been forbidden Treating- with, or Purchasing of. the 
Heathen, &c. 

As to the first of these we, nor even the Oldest Men 
among us (as they have Declared upon Oath) never 
knew or heard of any such Law, &c. And 

As to the latter Act of 1703, (gotten, as 'tis said, by 
expelling several of the Members of the House) it can- 
not, in any Colour of Justice, Annul or Vacate any of 
the Purchases we are concerned in, or for, they being 
all made before said Act, Yet nevertheless when some 
of the Purchasers in compliance with said Act after the 
Publication thereof, (or as soon as they heard of it) 
went to the Proprietors so called, to Compound and 
Agree with them touching Purchase made before the 
passing said Act, They told them they had nothing to 
do in the Affair, and should come to no Agreement 
with them. 

As touching the Purchases aforesaid we are con- 
cerned in, and for, they were made for valuable Con- 
siderations, Inserted in the several Deeds or Convey- 
ances; and Signed by the Principal Sachims, and other 
Chiefs (known to be so) among the Indians. Particu- 
larly, the Sum for the Purchase over the Mountain as 
'tis called, is 130 Pounds, besides a particular Tract 
lying near the River (called Cheapside) made over by 
Deed of Gift, duly Executed and Acknowledged by the 
Natives Owners, &c. Moreover, the consideration for 
Persiponie, so called, is no less than Three Hundred 
Pounds, Wampom Value. 

Matt. 35. 34 lo3l. 


Mr. V^aii Giesins, Four Hundred Ditto. Horse-Neck 
likewise, and Whipponung about 14(> Pound, tho' con- 
veyed by Deed of Gift, (and a very remarkable one 
too) all duly Executed and Acknowledged. 

And now, may we not submit it to the World, 
whether these several Grants were not Duely and 
Legally made? 

But more of this afterwards. 

We would here Observe, If the Legislative Powers 
can make such Acts as shall divest honest Purchasers 
of their Lands, and Arl^itrarily take them, with the 
Improvements, away from the Right and Proper 
Owners, when they have dwelt thereon some 20, 30 or 
40 Years; who would Settle, Build on, or Improve 
Lands, when liis Proj)erty therein is so uncertain and 
Precarious? Surely, this is the most effectual Way to 
stop ev^en all manner of Improvements of Lands, and 
not only sc». but teuds even to the Subversion and Dis- 
solution of Government, and Reducting things into 
Disoi'der and Confusion. 

Is it not a true Maxim. Tliat Interest Governs the 

The great Motive and Inducement to People to unite 
themselves into Publick Society, and to submit to 
Government, was, The Preservation and Protection 
of their Properties, and rendering them more certain 
and secure, then they could be Naturally and of them- 
selves, without any Publick Regiment. And this is 
the gi'eat Motive and Encouragement to People to 
Contribute their Endeavours for the Support and 
Defence of that Government, whereby they are pro- 
tected in their Properties. 

It is a received Observation, That a settled Rule of 
Property, steadily Observed and impartially Apjjlyed, 
is the great Ligament of Government; and when Prop- 
erty is made uncertain and precaiious, this Band is 
broken, and the Society in danger of running into Dis- 
order and Confusion. 


A very Learned and Worthy Author, Remarks,' 
' That the Supream Power cannot take from any Man, 
'any part of his Property, without his own Consent; 
' for the Preservation of Property being the End of 
' Government; and that for which Men enter into 
' Society, it necessarily supj^oses & requires, That the 
' People should have Property, without which they 
'must be supposed to loose that by entering into Society, 
' which was the End for which they entered into it. 
' Too Gross an Absurdity, for any Man to own. 

' Men, therefore, in Society having Property, they 
' have such a Right therein and thereto that no Body 
'can have a Right to take it. or any part of it, from 
' them, without their own Consent, without this, they 
' have no Property at all. For I have truly no Right 
' or Property in that which another can by Right take 
' from me when he pleases, and against my Consent. 

' Hence it is a Mistake to think, That the Supream 
' or Legislative Power of any Common Wealth can do 
* what it will, and dispose of the Subjects Estates Arbi- 
'trality, or take any part of them, at pleasure. 

' And afterwards. 

' Government, into whatsoever Hand it is put, being 
'intrusted, with this Condition, and for this End, 
' That Men might have and secure their Properties, the 
' Prince or Senate (however it may have Power to 
' make Laws for the Regulating of Property, between 
' the Subjects, one among another, yet) can never have 
' a Power to take to themselves the Whole, or any 
' part of the Subjects Property, without their own 
' Consent, for this would be, in Effect, to leave them 
' no Property at all. 

It has been always supposed that a just and honest 
Purchase of, and from, those who had Right and 
Property, would secure the same unto the Purchaser, 

' Vid 2 Treatises of Government. Fol. '273. 


it always has done so, and been so Acconnted of, save, 
in these Parts, and among sucli Creatures as the Pro- 

WiUiam NichoUs, Esq; upon his Return from Eng- 
land (al)out :35> Years since) declared that an Indian 
Gra,nt or Deed, gave Property to the Purchaser, in the 
Opinion of Chief Justice Holt, and moreover. That it 
was there supposed. That every Man that pretended to 
Propriety, had gotten his Right by Pm-chase from the 
Natives; without which Purchase, the People there 
would hiss at the Person pretending Property, &c. — 
How well may we expect to be Justified in Defence of 
our own Lands, dearly Bought with our own Money, 
and which never Cost the Proprietors one Farthing to 
Purchase theiu, of the Indians; who, before said Pur- 
chase, were the Possessors and Right Owners thereof. 

And this holds true, with Relation unto the several 
Tracts above-mentioned, Purchased by Us and our 

With what Colour can the Proprietors, so call'd, pre- 
sume to invade the Rights and Possessions, and take 
the Improvements of Poor Men, we might give many 
Instances of such Oppressions. 

How has many of the People in Newark, (a Place 
Built and Settled on so good a Basis and Foundation 
as hath been Described) been Plagued by Them or their 
Creatures (Persons Animated by them) what Resur- 
veys have been made of Lands, even throughout their 
Bounds. And how many Thousand Pounds hath it 
Cost the Poor People for Lands Pillaged here and there, 
by them who never gave a Penny for it. ' viz. 

Again, We Mark, what Mr. Nevill, (that Famous 
Expositor or Explainer of other Men's Woixls and 
Sentences) saith in the Post-Boy, particularly in the 
beginning of his Speech, and in Divers other Places; 

' For the Purchase of the same unless to one of the Proprietors, &c. 


he speaks of the Soil of New-Jersey as the Right of 
the Crown, and calls it a bold Attempt to Question His 
Majesty's Eight and Title to the Soil, &c 

Contrary to the Proprietors Publication who say the 
Crown disclaims all Right to the Soil, and Acknowl- 
edges the General Proprietors to be the True Owners 
thereof, &c. We conceive that be understood of what 
they had Purchased of the Natives. 

Mr. Nevill saith, concerning the Treatise, That it 
refers to the Concessions, &c. That the Purchase gave 
no Title, but the Title consisted in a Warrant, Survey, 
and Patent, &c. This seems to us such Pediculous 
Stuff, as is unworthy any Reply: 

Can any Rational Man think our Predecessors (or 
indeed any Men in their Witts) would expose them- 
selves to so great Fatigues and Costs to bring them- 
selves and their Posterity into Bondage, by being the 
Tributaries and Tenants of, and to the Proprietors; 
how is it possible that the Grant, given by Governour 
Carterett to our Predecessors, should refer to the Con- 
cessions of the Proprietors, when, as in every Deed, 
there was no such Things as Concessions, Rules, and 
Laws, (of such Kinds especially) as they now speak of. 
At least wise, not then known to our Ancestors, 
neither did our Predecessors know or conceive of any 
such Thing as a Patent, 'till some considerable Time 
after they had, by the Governours Advice and Consent 
(as aforesaid) made their Purchase, and Settled them- 
selves thereon. 

And when they did yield to take Patents, &c. it was 
only in Compliance with the Proprietors Scheme for 
Support of Government. 

And were our Predecessors or We, Criminals or 
Transgressors of the Law, by Purchasing when we did. 

Why were not these Laws Prosecuted, and put in 
Execution upon Us, if it was Our Desert. Then, 
surely, they would have been known and understood; 


in, and with Reference unto, their Extent and Rela- 
tion, It looks Strange to us, That the Concessions, 
&c. they now tell us of, that laid such Restrictions 
upon the People, should he kept so Close, and Secret, 
for so many Years, as never to he know^n <^r heard of, 
hy the Generality of the Inhabitants (of these Parts 
especially) untill even now, in these late Publications, 
surely, if they were made or given as a Light of, or 
for Directions, they should have been set up, and held 
forth, to open View, and not put under a Bushel, or 
Bed, &c: 

And further. As touching that Absolute and 
Wicked Falshood as it's Termed, viz. Their threat- 
ning' to bring a Resurvey, upon Lands Sold or Pat- 
ented, &c. 

Yea, more than so: many have actually done thus 
among us; Pieling and Pillaging, within the Bounds or 
Limits of Patents and Deeds, Made and Granted by 
the Proprietors themselves, and is their consenting 
unto such Surveys? And recommending of them, into 
the Registry, as Matters Just and Legal, any better? 
As also their Daily C^ountenancing and Encoui-aging 
such Practices. 

Besides, it appears Plainly, by what Mr. Nevill 
Asserts, That they would have all the Lands Surveyed, 
which themselves have not Sold; land w^e believe have 
long w^aited for an Opportunity to get an Act of 
Assembly for that Purpose,) that they may put off 
some more of their False- Wares, Sham-Titles, &c. 
Which, tho' they call it a Calumny or False Accusa- 
tion. Yet W'Ofull Experience, has plainly Sliewn and 
Taught us to the Contrary. 

They subjoin. This is only true of Doctor Arents, 
other Impostors, Pretenders, &c. 

Well, if they will Stand by this, and Yield them to 

2 They or others under them have done more than barely to threaten. 


be Impostors, and ODly Pretenders to Propriety, who 
have so done, we can bring even a Cloud of Witnesses 
to prove this; from the several Conveyances both here- 
tofore, and of late. Granted to many of our Neighbour- 
ing Inhabitants. 

Their Deeds Run, — for such a Consideration, &c. — 
A Tract of Un- Appropriated Land, — in this Province, 
or Eastern Division, &c. 

Note, They preteiid to a Right of Lands, but indeed 
not knowing where to Strike or Pitch upon any that 
they Dare fairly Challenge as their own Personal 
Right and Property, they Hire and Employ others to 
Inspect and Peep into others their Neighbours Rights, 
Properties, Possessions, &c. And now, if any Man 
will get a piece Surveyed, be it 10, 20 or 100, more or 
less Acres, they will, for his Money Sell him so much, 
Unlocated, Un-Appropriated Land as abovesaid, i. e. 
Land which is no Man's Property. For if it so fall 
out. That the Buyer has no Purchase Right thereunto; 
or it proves Land Sequestered by another, who will 
not Relinguish and give up his Right or Possessions 
unto him, (as Examples have shewn us) He, the said 
Buyer, must loose his Money, Yea, tho' he apply to 
the Grantor for Redress, he gets nothing .of him but 
the Name of a Fool, for presuming to take Lands 
which another Man Claimed. 

And further. 

Touching the Instructions to the Governours, to see 
the Confirming of the Rights and Properties of the 
General Proprietors in the Right of Soil, &c. As is set 
forth by Mr. Nevill in the Post- Boy aforesaid, we find 
it is added thei'e, according to their respective Titles, 
&c. What are we to understand by Titles, is it that 
of Lords ^ Which they seem to Claim and Challenge 
to tliemselves, or is it some Warrant, Survey and 
Patent, &c. Or is it a Title to the Soil, obtained by 
Compact and Purchase, with and from the Native 


Owners thereof; without which, \Ve conceive, tliere 
never was any Just and Lawful Title to any Lands in 
this Colony, and we make no Question but His Majesty, 
or whoever gave such Instructions, believed (as others 
did) that the Title or Property came from Purchase. 

For surely, if the Indian Right, or Purchase of the 
Natives, was so lightly Esteemed of, and set by, as is 

It looks Sti'ange to us. That so large Monies should 
be Disbursed, and given out, by Gentlemen at Home, 
in order to Purchase Lands for themselves of them. 

Which, whether they were laid out for, and unto 
that End and Use, they know best, who have been 
concern'd in those Affairs. 

We are upon the Consideration of Titles. 

And we perceive the Gentlemen of the Law say, 
(and some have given it under their Hands, as their 
Opinion,) that a Gi-ant, or Lisence to Purchase, 
together with a Pui'chase made, of the Indian Right, 
gives a good Title, unto the Land Purchased, and that 
the one is not Good and A^alid, without the other. 

Well, if so, our Predecessors had Grant oi* Lisence 
to make Purchasses, or, (for Ai'gument Sake) suppose 
they had not, what Law was Transgressed in Purchas- 
ing, when as yet there was none Extant, to forbid the 
same: Or further, to put it to the Worst, on our Side, 
and the best, on our Opponent's Side, submit it to the 
World, they had Grant to Purchase, but made none. 
We have made a True, Fair, Honest Purchase, by 
plain Dealing, and many of us large Improvements, 
on the Premisses, both our Predecessors and Ourselves 
have Possessed hitherto, and i)aid all Dues. Duties, 
Rates, and Taxes for the same, for even more than 20, 
30, or -40 Years. And now, we have spent our Time 
and Streng-th thereon, to get a poor Living for our 
Families, we must (for Sooth) be outed, by them who 
never had any Title, but only a Grant, or Liberty to 


make themselves one, by Pm-cliase: Oh Fy! Can 
they be so unjust. Pray what was the Eeason they, 
or their Predecessors, did not Purchase, there was 
Land enough, and is even to this Day. You had, 
surely, as much Encouragement, and were under as 
great Advantages, to get the Indians Land, as any of 
us. Yea, greater than We, untill they Irritated and 
Stir'd them up against them, by going privately to 
Survey their Lands,' without any Composition or 
Agreement made with them. As in divers Instances 
might be shewn, and particularly that of Horse-Neck 
so called, when they went to Survey the same, the 
Indians followed them and would have killed them, 
had they not Providentially been prevented. 

' But to be Brief: 

We'll only just Hint, a little truly, at what is set 
forth under Colour, in the late Publication of our 
Opponents. Their Narrative, &c. And First, Touch- 
ing the Paragraph, in Mr. Ogden's Letter, although 
Messrs. Low and Pierson have (as themselves allow) 
had Discourse, divers Times, with Capt. Nathaniel 
Johnson, Relating to the Affairs on Foot (who has 
always been even Remarkably urgent, to have Matters 
brought into the Law here) yet they know not of. nor 
can they Recollect or Remember, any such Offer, oi- 
Proposal, made or offered to them, either in the Name 
of, or, as a Message from Mr. Ogden. — Such Things 
possibly has passed among mucli Discourse, and no 
Doubt may do so, without Remark, and no Wonder; 
if we Consider: When such like Proposals had been 
made by the Committee to Mr. Ogden long before, he 
could, of himself, make no Resolve thereupon; and. 
when again offered, unto them that could, and in 
whose Power it was, to yield a (Compliance therewith. 

' And so the first Planters set on the Lands at Whipponung by the Pi-oprietors. 
The Indians would have driven them ofif, or burnt them out. had they not been 
letted by the people below ; even them too who had bought the same Land of them. 


they obstinately and peremptorily Rejected and Re- 
fused it: No Wonder if, after all this, such a Thing 
might pass, by the Ear, or Vanish, as Cursory 
Thought. Some have blamed Mr. Ogden's Conduct, 
in i3rocuring the Affidavit Inferred, &c. Alledging 
that the several Persons should first have had Confer- 
ence or Discourse together; or at least wise (they 
being both Mr. Johnson's Neighbours) should have 
been Notified, to be ]Dresent, when said Affidavit was 
taken. And it is said Mr. Ogden, would in no wise 
C^ountenance any previous Conference, &c. 

But look to the Matters of Fact in the Paragraph of 
the Letter. Compare it with the Attestation, Weigh 
and Consider the Circumstances, Disagreements, &c. 

We hope the Gentleman had no ill Design in the 
Proposition, and so Consequently in the Declaration, 
&c. It is worthy to be Remarkt and Remembred, That 
the Woi'ds of Truth may be spoken, and yet the Decla- 
ration made, and thereby set forth, may be with a 
Lying Spirit. 

We not only have Tracitly owned, but desire openly 
to Acknowledge, all tlie Truth and Justice we can find 
in our Opponents Writings, and whatsoever is Con- 
sonant thereunto.— 

It seems as if the Coun^-il oi' Pi'oprietors so called. 
imagined the Publick was Ignorant, That Mr. Low 
was an Assembly-man in this Province: when as he 
hath ]jeen. off and on, in tliat Station, since tlie Wai- 
IT-J-ii. And we never knew or lieard. but that he has 
well Discharged the Trust Reposed in liim therein; 
And no Doubt he had as good a Right to Vote for the 
sending l^etition to tiie Governour in Council (it being 
agreeable to the Prayer or Desire Inserted) as any 
other Member of, oi-. in the House. 

But to pass over these things. 

There seems to be a Reflection on Mr. Camps Con- 
duct, both with Relation to a Letter (Conveyed by his 


Hand to Mr. Parker) of August 13th, and not Answer- 
ing a Letter of Aug. 29th, sent him by said Parker. 

As to the former, viz. the Letter and Names of one 
Hand Writing, &c. Mr. Camp it appears was not 
alone, but Accompanied with Lieutenant Joseph Day. 
Who both Declare, That, upon their entering into 
Perth- Am boy, about Ten of the Clock, in the Morning, 
they saw Mr. Parker, and spake with him, delivered him 
the Letter of one Hand as aforesaid, and also shewed 
him the Original, or first Draught, Signed by the Com- 
mittee, which being somewhat Defaced, by some Ink 
s]3ilt thereon, at the Time of Signing, was therefore 

And further they Declare, Mr. Parker told them, if 
they would Stay but half an Hour, he would bring 
them a Return.' 

And moreover, That they Stayed (waiting to receive 
an Answer) until Three of the Clock in the Afternoon, 
and having seen and spoken with Mr. Parker, no less 
than three several Times, while they Stayed, and 
received a like Reply as they did even just before their 
coming away, he told them he could not yet give them 
an Answer, and they seeing no prospect of gaining any 
further Intelligence, told him they could Stay no 
longer, and so came off. 

And as to the other Letter, of which it is said no 
Answer was returned, &c. Mr. Camp Declares he had 
a Letter, in Answer, and went to Mr. Ogden with it, 
told him it was from the Committee to Mr. Parker, 
desiring him to take it and Convey it to him, as a 
Matter of Concern, Mr. Ogden refused taking it, and 
said it was best to send it down to Mr. Chetwoods, 
which was done accordingly. 

The many Riots they complain of. Committed, as 
they say, by the Newark Rioters, is unknown to us, 

' The Proposition and Publication falls in Fact, &c. 


as also the Threatnings of Clauson, neither can we 
hear of any one Person, belonging to Newark, that 
was Privy to any Design formed to pull down Mr. 
Nevill's House, as is set forth in the Narrative afore- 
said. ^ 

The Proprietors seem to hold Forth and make Shew 
of Gondescention, Relating to the Propositions of the 
Committee, touching Answering them in the Law, 
and repeatedly set Forth and Publish Mr. Ogden's Pro- 
posals in his Letter, (as if they were their own) and 
particularly his Message, sent them. And withal the 
Committees denial of Notice in that Matter, which 
indeed, so far as is before intimated, tliey will Attest 

But had it been indeed so, That Mr. Ogden had sent 
the Message, and it had been delivered accordingly, It 
was surely not for want of Opportunity to make the 
Offer himself, which had he done, we might have 
enquired into his Delegation in that Aft'air, and 
whether, or by what Means, we should be assured of 
a Liberty of Appeal Home, (in that i)articular Case) 
from a Tryal in tlie Connnon Law. 

For who sees not that an iVppeal to England, in any 
such Case as he proposed, cannot be had but by Con- 
cessions, &c. And besides, in the Paragraph afore- 
said, there is no Account of Power invested in Mi*. 
Ogden to make us such an Offer, (which a little 
before we knew he had not) Nor yet, any Assurance 
that we should have Grant of an Appeal Home, Had, 
we then received the Message, and complied with the 
Motion, &c. But afterwards we. finding the aforesaid 
Paragraph in the Proprietors F^ublication, and being 
(^redibly informed, that they had declared to many of 
the Membei'S of the House of Representatives, that 
they were Hearty & Sincere in Complying with, and 
Standing l)y said Offer, wiiich was the carrying the 
Matters in Dispute to England, by an A])peal f i-oin a 


Court of Common Law, without any farther Process 
made here, as is Evident from and by Mr. Ogden's 
Letter, &c. We consented, and from what we heard 
from the aforesaid Members, touching the Proprietors 
Acquiescence and Complaisance, we Pubhshed our 
Resolves, &c. Hoping, and Expecting, to have a' fair 
Tryal, in a Court of Law here. Relating to the Titles 
in Dispute and Ejectments (contrary to the Rules of 
Law and Justice) served on Men, who not only had 
fairly Purchased, but quietly Possessed their Lands 
for these 30 or 40 Years, but we finding a Scheme laid 
by the Council of Proprietors so called, for a Suit in 
Law, Sec. Contrary to, or at least Diverse from what 
was before Pubhshed. 

As may appear by comparing therewith, tlieir Let- 
ter of June 30th. We conscious of our Trust and 
Duty, desiring to have Matters in Controversy brought 
to a Final Issue, resolving to comply with any reason- 
able Means and Measures for that Purpose; and withal 
Weighing and Considering our own Imbecillity, as 
touching Things Sublime, &c. and Inability to View 
with our Opponents in Political Affairs. 

And supposing (in, and according to, our small 
Measures of understanding) our Compliance with the 
Scheme aforesaid, might, some Way or other, Insnare 
us, and make Way for, or unto, the Exclusion of the 
Merits of our Cause. 

We therefore, set ourselves to Enquire, and seek for 
some Council Learned in the Law^, and applying to Mr. 

(A Gentleman of Ability and Fidelity, and who has 
heretofore undertaken the Vindication of a Right, by 
Purchase from the Natives, against the pretended 
Titles of our Antagonists.) 

He consented to undertake for us, in Consideration 
he might be Released by them, the which we Re- 

1747] administkAtion of governor belcher. 53 

But, Alas! He is a Man two Independent upon them, 
to be set at Liberty by them, hence (though (as we 
have heard) both Mr. Ogden c^ Mr. Parker declared, 
they thought it Reasonable we should have him) our 
Request was denied. And now (even contrary to 
Common Sense and Reason) it is set forth by our 
Opponents, as a fair Thing, both for our Acquiescence 
in, and precedure upon, what the Attorney or Attor- 
neys Assigned us by the Court, shall please to do, 
Relating to our Cause. Which we conceive (we Com- 
plying with, and Proceeding according to their Scheme) 
is no other, or better in Effect, than Committing the 
whole Affair into their Hands, and leaving it to their 
own Decision and Determination. 

By Order of the Committee, 

[August, 1747. J 

New- York: Printed and Sold by the Widow Catha- 
rine Zenger^ at the Printing-Office in Stone-Street, 

[The pamphlet from which the above was printed 
has the names of individuals, particular words and 
references, in italics, which it was thought unnecessary 
to introduce. — Ed. J 

Leiter from James Alexander to David Ogden— refer- 
ring to the rioters. 

[From Original Draft among the Papers of James Alexander, Vol. I, No. 14, in 
Rutherfurd Collection.] 

New York, Sep^ If 1747 

D' Sir [Extract.] 

I hear that the rioters addressed the Gov!" at EHza- 
beth Town, but that their address not being signed by 
any body he did not think proper to receive it, or give 
an answer to it, but tliat they were to wait on him at 


Elizabeth Town as he returns, with it Signed, and to 
Lay their Grievances before hmi — I suppose all their 
Grievances are contained in the PostBoy of ffeb^: 17"' 
1745-6, in their two Petitions to the Assembly, and in 
their Answer printed last Month to the Proprietors 
Publications, and if so, T think we are fully enabled 
to answer them, and to Show the pretended Griev- 
ances are Chiefly Either things false in fact, or things 
Just reasonable and Law full — 

I supi^ose Parson Taylor is the Coinposer of all their 
Papers, I should be very Glad that Sufficient Evidence 
were Gott of it. I should also be Glad to hear v/hat 
passes at their next waiting on the Governour 
I am Your Most humble Servant 

Ja: Alexander 
To M-^ David Ogden 

Letter from Governor Belcher to Rev'^ if Bradbury. 

[From a Copy among the Belcher Papers, in Library of N. J. Kist. Society.] 

Burlington, New Jersey, Sep^. 16 1747 

My Worthy Friend 

The great satisfaction I enjoyed under your Ministry 
at London for 3 years and the Pleasure of your Con- 
versation claim my most grateful Acknowledgements 
which this Conveys in much Truth and sincerity and 
at same time the Account of my safe Arrival to the 
Government where the King has appointed me after a 
tedious passage of near 10 weeks in the Scarbor° man 
of warr — I humbly thank Almighty God my great 
and kind Preserver from a variety of dangers in the 
Voyage — and that I have been received by the good 
People com'itted to my care with all possible appear- 
ance of Respect and Satisfaction and I hope it will be 
ray care to continue it by endeavouring in all laudable 
ways to render them an Easy happy Peo]>le who I find 
unlearn'd and unpolite — and am therefore putting for- 


ward the building of a College in this Province for the 
Instruction of the youth in the Principles of true Re- 
ligion and good Literature — and I have a good Pros- 
pect of bringing it to pass. 

Dear S'' If you could ever put it in my power to 
rend' you any acceptable service in this remote Part of 
the Kings Dominions it would give me a sensible 

I wish Mr Winter would be so good by your Leave 
to Transcribe a sermon which I hea.rd you preach I 
think in Nov*"' last and in it making out a New Form 
of the Lords Prayer. I pray you to make My best 
Compliments acceptable To Madam Bradbury M'" Win- 
ter & Lady To your Young Lady & Master Tomy M' 
Pitt and Lady 

That you may live to an Extended old age with 
Health and Ease and with the wonted lively use of all 
your good Powers to beat down the Strong holds of 
sin & Satan and to Inlarge the Kindgom of your Lord 
and Master who is gone before to Prepare a place for 
you among the Innumerable Mansions in his Fathers 
house where (being faithfull to Death) ytni will re- 
ceive a Crown of Life which God the Righteous Judge 
shall give you in that day — And to all those who Love 
his appearing — This I say is and shall be the prayer of 
Rever'' S"" Your Hearty Friend & Servant, 

J. Belcher. 

Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Clinton, of 
Neiv York. 

[From a Copy among the Belclier Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Society.] 

Burlington (New Jersey) Sept 17 1747 

This waits on your Excellency w"' my hearty thanks 
for the great Civility I received from you and from 
your Lady in the short Tour I made to N. York where 


I could have past more time very agreeably in your 
good Company and in the polite Entertainment of 
your whole Family But that the Kings service urg'd 
my Return into this Province where I shall with much 
pleasure advise and Concert with you in all things that 
may advance His Majestys Honour & Interest and at 
same time be glad it might on any Occasion fall in my 
Power to render you any particular service. 

I am heartily sorry to see the great trouble your 
Excellency has with your Council and with the As- 
sembly. I wish to God there could be some way 
found out to Conciliate Matters otherwise the Conse- 
quences to the Kings Province and to his good People 
must be fatal and Ruinous you will please S' to for- 
give this Excursion which proceeds from my hearty 
wishes for your Excell- ' Ease and Quiet as well as for 
that of your People. — I have lately received an Ac- 
count from Philadelphia of two Privateer sloops lying 
off of the Capes of Delaware w''' have taken two 
Pilot Boats and 2 Ships and they may Stretch along 
to the Hook and Elswhere and do a great deal of Mis- 
chief and this I have mentioned in a Letter to the 
Lords of the Admirality to go by Capt Jeffries — that 
they may see how Naked and Expos'd these Coasts 
are to the Insults and depredations of a few despica- 
ble FeUows and that the British Trade to these parts 
may be ruin'd for want of a Ship or two on the N. 
York station w'^'' has been alwayes nllow'd (till now) 
in time of warr. I therefore hope your Excellency 
will represent this Matter in its Proper Light to their 
Lordships — by the Scarboro'. May all yours and your 
Ladys wishes take place just as you would have them I 

With my Comphments to Capt Clinton and to the 
young Lady — I am Truly Honb'*' S"" 
Your Excellencys Friend 

and Most Obedient Servant 
Governour Clinton. ' J. Belcher 


Lc'tter fi-oin Governor Belcher to the Committee of the 
West Jersey Society. 

I l'"r<iiii ;i (>'!',V aiaoiiK tlic HelcluT Papers in Library of N. .1. Hist. Society. | 

Burlington, New Jersey, Sept 18. 1747. 


I believe I own'd the Receit of yours of 29^'' May — 
the i June following from Portsm'' and I have now 
the pleasure to acquaint you of my Arrival in this 
Province about (5 weeks agoe •'■ ■■■ '^ I have again 
read ovei- the State of your affairs here as you have 
Laid it before Me. My Son in Law Mr Lyde has been 
to make me a Visit but does not incline to remove 
from N England hither — so will not be Capable of 
doing you any Service — I gave him your Letter which 
he will answer from Boston. — As to Coll Lewis 
Morris Eldest sou and Executor to his Late Father I 
am told he is a Gentleman of good sense and of sub- 
stance, and so far as he may Inj(jye any Estate of his 
deceased Father must doubtless ])e accountable to such 
as have any Demands— but as he Lives in the Province 
of N York he is out of my District. Your Agent Mr 
Haynes bears the Character of an honest capable sub- 
stantial Gentleman and lives near Coll Morris — and 1 
should think the most proper person to adjust all 
matters with Him so you will please to Excuse me 
from Medling in any private affairs — but if I can be of 
Service to you by Vertue of my Station you may as- 
suredly depend on all my power weight and Influence 
for your obtaining Justice on all Occasions. 

I suppose you have long since heard of the many 
Riots com'itted in this Province for 2 or 3 years past 
by a Number of Disorderly Persons disseizing those 
that are Settled in Right of the Proprietors and setling 
themselves on such Lands — these Rioters are now 


grown Numerous and got to a great height of Auda- 
city bidding Defyance to the Kings Authority and to 
all the Laws of the Country, and if these be not soon 
supprest you will have no Occasion to take any great 
Care about your Estates in this Province the Assembly 
whereof is to meet in November when I shall warmly 
recom'end this Extraordinary affair to their Serious 
Consideration and do Every other thing in my power 
to put an End to such Vile Practices. 

I find the Peojile of this Province are in a poor Sit- 
uation for Educating their Children. I am therefore 
promoting the building of a College for the Instruc- 
tion of youth — This affair was in agitation before 
my Arrival — and much contested between the Gentle- 
men of the Eastern & those of the Western Division 
where it should be placed, and I have got them to 
agree to have it built at Prince Town in the Western 
division being (I apprehend) nearest the Centre of the 
Province and will add Value to all Lands that Lye any 
thing near it nor can any thing in my Opinion more 
promote the Interest of the Proprietors as well as that 
of the Province and People — I am with much Respect 
Your Friend and most Obedient Servant 

J. Belcher. 
The Committee of the West New Jersey Society. 

Letter from Governor Belcher to M'' Cradock — about 
private matters. 

IFrom a Copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Society.] 

Burlington, New Jersey, Sept 27, 1747. 
My most ivorthy Uncle Cradock 

* * * -X- * * 

I am Come to a fine Climate and to a Plentiful 
Country but to a Government of no Great Profit to a 


(Tovernoiir — However as my Candle must soon sink 
into its Socket I shall Indeavour to make my Self 

I have taken a house in this Little City standing on 
the Banks of the fine River Delaware — where from 
my Bed Chamber I have a prospect for 10 miles up 
and down the River I have a pretty Garden a good 
Orchard and about 70 Acres of Choice Land which 
will give me many Necessaries for my Family as well 
as Grass — Hay — and Corn for Horses — C*ows— Ponltrey 
&c. I have made a Short Visit to New^ York and 
another to Philadel])hia which are pretty Little Cities 
for North America especially the latter and to which I 
shall every now and then make an Excursion when 
Tired with my Library to find some Agreeable Con- 
versation, and as I keep 4 good Trotters and the Road 
pleasant but 20 miles Riding may give the Blood a 
better Circulation. "^ - '' 

Your Obedient Nephew^ 

and most hunible servant 
Mr Cradock J. Belcher. 

Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge— 
about private affairs. 

IFrom a Copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Society.) 

Burlington New Jersey Sept 28 1747 

Brother Partridge [Extract.] 

" * * I have made a short visit to Philadelphia 
and have Talkt at Large with Mr Kinsey in your fa- 
vour He is Chief Justice of the Province and Speaker 
of the Assembly — A Wise, honest man and of great 
Weight in Pensilvania as also in this Province and is 


your very good Friend — Paris' dogs him with Letters 
to get you out and to Jump into the saddle himself 
but he answei's none of his Letters — he Exprest some 
Concern that you wrote to others (but not to him one 
word) of my Appointm^ to the Government of this 
Province. I desire you to write him Constantly and 
send him the public Papers— I say you Can't do too 
much to Keep him in Steady in your Interest and M'' 
Rich" Smith Junior is very hearty in your Interest and 
worthy of all the Respect you can Show him — I am 
Sure I am faithfuU in your service in all I have said to 
you of these Worthy Gentlemen. 

I thank you for what you write of the Piiblick af- 
fairs and for the Print and pray you to be Constant in 
Transmitting me those things. 

I thank you for the Copies of what Relates to the 
Charge of this Province in raising men for an Expedi- 
tion to Canada which I hope to make good use of for 
their service and for yours when the Assembly meets 
(\1 of Nov') and will do my part in Passing the £40000 
Bill and will take care you may have full Instructions 
from the Assembly that there may be no Quibling at a 
Certain Board about it. But in all these things you 
must Indeavour after the grace of Patience for they'l 
hardly get to your hands till towards spring I say 
again I shall do all I can to Ease and help you For I am 
Yoar Sincere Friend & Loving Brother 

J. Belcher. 

' Ferdinand John Paris, Agent for the Council and the East Jersey Proprietors. 


Letter from Goveruor Belcher to Mr. Secretary 147/- 
lard — about private affairs. 

(From a Copy among the Belcher Papers in Library f>f N. J. Hist. Society.] 


Burlington Oct 2 1747 
M(j Worthy Neplieic 

'•■ * -^ ■'• ^" "" We had a very Leaky Ship from 
Boston to Ireland — warr with Spain, and declared with 
France -i days before we made the Land — we got well 
into Kinsale from whence I went by Land to Dublin 
(175 miles) and on the Road met my Dear Son after 
(an absence of 13 years) in good health and in good 
Reputation in his Profession. 

I spent 3 weeks with him and was there treat' l)y 
the Lords Justices and all persons of Distinction with 
g]-eat respect and from thence I went over in the Kings 
Yatcht (45 Leagues) to Chester and from thence by 
Land 194 miles to Lond'' where I was kindly received 
by a great Number of my Friends and in a few days I 
paid my Duty to the King's Ministers who gave me 
Joye upon my safe Aiidval and in a few days more T 
waited on them again and told them my Case was 
very Severe to be removed from the Government of 
two of the King's Provinces without any Complaint 
being made out against me that my Character and 
honour would be Call'd in Question by the World — 
that I was Come to Vindicate my self and to have 
Justice done Me. The Answer was Mr Belcher No 
Charge or Imputation lyes against you, you need not 
therefore give yourself or us any Trouble of the Nature 
you mention It has been the Kings Pleasure to re- 
move you & you must submit as we all must in such 
Cases, and when there may be a proper Opportunity 
we shall not forget to serve you — so I determin'd, to 


wait for a Vacancy and this Province was the first 
that happen'd, and after taking out my Commissions 
and Instructions I waited for the Opportunity of a 
man of warr and had orders from the Lords of the Ad- 
miralty to Capt Ereskine of the Warwick 60 guns at 
Spithead to take me my servants and Baggage aboard 
and Carry me to Cape Breton and orders to Admiral 
Knowles there to Give me a Ship to my Government. 
But when I got to Portsm" S' Peter said Governour I 
expect a ship to go to N. York for my wife and Fam- 
ily and I would have you wait, — the next day came 
down an order for the Scarbor" Capt Jeffries with 
whom I came and was very happy in a Sober Com'- 
ander who during the voyage made me in a manner 
Captain of the Ship, we had a tedious passage, but, 
praise be to Almighty God I got safe at Last and after 
publishing my Commissions I met the General Assem- 
bly and after a short session of dayes at their own 
desire I adjourn 'd them to 17 prox'"" tho they made me 
no grant. 

This is a Countrey beautified with fine Lands and 
Rivers nor have I yet seen any thing on this Continent 
Equal to it. The People are genei-ally sober and have 
made great Improvements for so young a Province 
but I am sorry you have been misinformed as to Min- 
isters and serious Christians — For I have not observ'd 
as yet v/here I have been any great Taste or Spirit for 
Religion. In this Town are only an Episcopal Con- 
gregation and two of Quakers — to some of which I 
must go on Lords dayes or stay at home — and can you 
believe it^ Meat and all things are publickly Sold here 
on the Lords day and this I am Indeavoring to Reform. 
Philadelp-' is but 20 miles from herce and a fine Road 
and as I keep my Coach & 4 I propose to go often 
thither cm Saturdays and spend the Lords day with 
my Dear & Worthy Friend Mr Tennant, whom I 
heard about 10 days ago. * * * * 


I am very sensible what Perplexity and Imbarrasm'" 
surround my dear Native Countrey Of W' 1 may say 
as once Queen Mary said of Calais— if they imbowel 
me after my Death they will find New England written 
on my heart. Oh that Peace might be within her 
walls & Prosperity witliin her Palaces. I am in hopes 
the Riots & Disorders that have too long subsisted in 
this Province will be at an End For I have had many 
of the Heads or Principals witli me in a very submis- 
sive manner. I rejoice with you and my Countrey in 
the better degree of Health with which (lod has 
favoui'ed you for sometime past — may he go on to 
revive and Confirm it — and with what Gratitude to 
Heaven ought I to mention It tliat I have not had an 
hours pain or Sickness since I saw you. 

* * * v!- * vf -VT 

Your sincere friend & loving uncle 

J. Belcher 
Mr Secretary Willard 

" By Mr Allen 

Congratulatory Address to Governor Belcher from a 
Committee of the Disaffected — on Jiis Arrival in 
the Province. 

[From a Cop5^ among thePapers of James Alexaiuler. Vol. I, No. 37. in the Ruther- 
fm"d (Collection.] 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esqi" Cap- 
tain General and Commander in Chief in 
and over his Majes^-^ Province of Nova 
C^esarea or New Jersey in America and 
Vice Admiral of the Same &c 

May it x)lease your Excellency — 

Wee the Committees Elected to Represent his Maj? 
poor oppressed (yett Loyall) Subjects Inhabiting in 


Several Counties within this Colony, humbly Crave 
Leave to take and Bear our part in presenting our 
Duty to your Excellency, by Congratulating your Ex- 
cellency's Safe arrival and Accession into your Govern- 
ment, with our Gratulations to heaven and the Best of 
Kings for what we Look upon a Distinguishing mark 
both of the Divine favour and his Majesties Royall 
Goodness to us Viz^ the Sending your Excellency to 
preside among us and over us, trusting under your 
wise and prudent administrations there may be a Ee- 
tractation in the province Relating to the frequent 
Ruptures and disorders both in persons and things 
which have appeared therein: the which we Regret- 
ting, pray that the Lord of Hosts, whose Blessing is 
on his people, and who will arise for the help and Suc- 
cour of the Oppressed poor and Crushed needy ones 
May bring Good out of all this Evill: Make your Ex- 
cellency a Blessed and happy Instrument to promote 
and Establish Good order quietness and j^eace in all 
our Bordei's: Crown your Excellency in all your Con- 
solar affairs here with the Blessings of his Goodness, 
and hereafter with the Crown of his Righteousness. 

John Low Edmond Bainbridge 

Nathaniel Wheeler John Anderson 
John Condict David Brierly 

Nathaniel Camp Dollings Hegeman 

Jonathan Peirson Simeon Wyckoff 

Samuel Harrison Cornelius Dehart 

Samuel Bawldwin Robert Scarmerhorne 
Robert Shields 


Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Winslow — 
about Rioters. 

I From a Copy amoug the Belcher Papers in the Library of N. J. Hist. Society.] 

Coll. Winslow 

Burlington Oct 8 1747 

S' [Extract.] 

I am oblidg'd for your Concern about the Late Riots 
and disorders here on the Score of the title of Land 
which have subsisted since my Arrival and a Number 
(Caird a Committee) of those people have been with me 
y* week with a very Submissive Address — in answer I 
told them that It was my Duty and my peremptory 
Resolution to support the Kings Authority and that 
offenders and breakers of tlie publick peace would 
bring themselves under the Lasli of the Law — and 
withall I spoke kindly and assured them they should 
have my Countenance and protection in all things con- 
sistent with Reason and Justice — soft words turn away 
wrath but the wringing of tlie Nose brings forth Blood 
— and I think this sore is at Present in a Likely way to 
be heal'd. — As to putting Strangers into Office I 
have not brought one person with me for that purpose. 
The suffering in my piivate fortune in the Clovern- 
raent I Lately In joy'd was from the unkind offices of 
some Persons who ]iad power enough to Influence the 
Assemblies not to keep up the Value of my Salary 
and in Conformity to their Votes and to the Addresses 
of the several Assemblies to the King from time to 
time the Province justly owes me at this day a Large 

I have seen several of the Principal Towns of this 
Government and have not seen one that has in it ^oo 


dwelling houses — and after weighing all things I have 
pitcht upon this City (as call'd tho' but a village of 170 
houses) for the place of my residence. * ■' "'• 
Yours & Mrs Winslows Friend & ready Servant 

J. Belcher. 

Letter f row Governor Belcher to Mr. Justice Budd, of 
Morris County — Acknoivledging Letter of Con- 

Burlington Oct 12. 1747 

Mr Justice Budd and the Eest of the Judges 
and Justices of Morris County. 


I duly received your kind Congratulations of my 
Arrival to this Government. 

* * « -;■!• * * 

I Take very well the Information you give me about 
Tenons in Office and I hope my Countenance will be 
allways towards such as Fear Clod and hate Covetous- 
ness. I thank Mr Justice Budd for his good and 
wholesom charge to the grand Jury and Expect you 
v^ill all in your Turns act up to your Oaths in doing 
Every thing in your power for the support of the 
Kings Authority and for enforcing the Salutary Laws 
of the Province against all Offenders in which you 
will find my Chearfull Approbation and Protection. 

That health honour and every other Blessing may 
attend you in your Publick & private Stations is the 
sincere desire of Gentlemen 

Your Friend and Servant 

J. Belcher. 


Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and As- 
semhlif of New Jersey. 

[From n Copy among the Belcher Papers in the Library of the N. J. Hist. Society.] 

Gentlemen of the Council & of the General 

I met you soon after my Arrival agreeable to an 
Adjournra' made by Mr President Reading at which 
Time I found you were not hiclin'd to Enter upon 
Business it being so busy a Season in your Domestic 
affairs. Those I hope are well over that you may pro- 
ceed with Ease and Alacrity in the Affairs of the 
Province in which hardly any thing has been done by 
the Legislature for some years past and they therefore 
now demand your diligent and closest Attention. 

Gentlemen of the Assembly 

I have Lately rec'd a Letter from Governour Shirley 
and Governour Knowles wherein they write his Maj- 
esty had laid aside the late intended Expedition against 
Canada for the Present and they also send me an Ex- 
tract of a Letter from his Grace the Dake of Newcas- 
tle to Governour Siiirley a Paragraph where of the 
Secretary shall give you and in which you will find It 
is Expected you make Provision for the present pay- 
ment of the Men raised in this Province to be reimburst 
when this matter shall be provided for by the Parlia- 
ment of Great Britain — and as this Expedition was in- 
tended pi'incipally for the better protection and De- 
fence of His Majestys North American Colonies — the 
King more reasonably hopes for your (yomplyance 
herew"' and which must recom'end you to his Majesty 
Grace & favour and I desire you will give this thing 
a speedy Consideration l)ecause Orders have been gone 
some days since to Albany by the Col' of the Regiment 


rais'd in this Province for the Dismissing of the Offi- 
cers and Men. Gov' Shirley and GoV Knowles have 
also wrote me for an Ace" of the Clothing, Arms &c 
supply'd hy this Government to His Majestys Troops 
rais'd in this Province upon which I directed the Com- 
'issioners imploy'd in that buisiness to Come hither 
and adjust that Account which is accordingly done 
and sent to those Gentlemen to be by them transmit- 
ted to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle in order to be 
Laid before the Parliament of Great Britain for a Re- 

Gentlemen of the Council and of the General Assembly 

Since our Last meeting I have received sundry Com- 
plaints from Numbers of persons who say they are 
unjustly disturbed in the Possession of their Lands 
and in Answer to the Petitioners or Complainants I 
have ordered the Secretary to lay their papers before 
you that you may be the better able to Judge how far 
the Controversies they mention may properly Lye be- 
fore the Legislature and this affair I am afraid you 
will find attended with Intricacys and difficultys. Be- 
fore the last Adjournment of this Court I fuid by the 
Minutes of the Council & of the Assembly there were 
a Number of Gentlemen from each house appointed to 
Examine into the matter of the Riots and disorders 
committed in some parts of the province to which affair 
I suppose these papers may be related and since the 
Committee then appointed have not yet acted I wish 
both houses would so far reconsider the Matter as to 
make out a Committee of Gentlemen the most disinter- 
ested and so Impartial in this difficult affair and then 
to set upon it de die in diem till they shall be able to 
Report what may be proper to be done by tlie Legisla- 
ture to bring an End to the Disorders & Confusions 
that have so long Subsisted in the Province and if the 
Laws are yet deficient that they may be Strengthened 


the better to bring to Condign Punishment the Aii- 
thours and Abettors of those Outrages that have been 
attempted on the Lives Liberties and properties of 
their Fellow Subjects to the dishonour of God in high 
Contempt of the Kings Authority and of the good 
and wholesome Laws of this Province — as it well be- 
comes Rulers to in courage and support them that do 
well so it is their Indispensable duty to be a Terrour 
to Evil Doers, I am pers waded Gentlemen that to 
keep this Matter at a Distance or as the Trite saying 
is to put far of the Evil day cannot Consist with the 
Ends of good Government. No! Assaults and Bat- 
teries breaking open the Kings Goals & delivering 
Prisoners there Committed by Vertue of the Laws 
Must soon bring things to this Question whether his 
Majestys Authority shall be supported in his Province 
of New Jersey or whether a Numl^er of Rioters shall 
take the Government into their own liands — if any 
Persons think themselves hardly Treated as to any 
Lands they possess their recourse must be to tha Laws 
and having gone thro' the whole Course of the Law 
here and yet unsatisfyed they have a dernier to his 
Majesty In Council where they will find freedom of 
Access their Case heard with great Patience and finally 
closed according to the Strictest rules of Reason, Ijaw 
and Equity. For the King always delights in the ha]t- 
piness of his subjects and Esteems Righteousness the 
greatest Stability of his Throne. 

I am Gentlemen in the next place to acquaint you 
that I have lately rec'd from one M' Hopkins a Magis- 
trate in Rhode Island Government a Number of Coun- 
terfeited Bills of this Province which M' Secretary 
shall deliver you -we are oblig'd to this Gentleman 
for his good care and from this and other Informations 
of the Like kind I have reason to believe there is a 
Knot or Combination of Villainous Persons that are 
making a trade of forging the bills of the Province 


and this matter well deserves your Speedy Care and 
Strict inquiry as it strikes at the very Vitals of your 
Currency and so must Nearly affect not onely Your 
Commerce but your other Estates also. 

The Hono^"" Mr Palmer President of the Province of 
Pensylvania has lately Complained to me of the Ne- 
cessity of putting the Pilots of Delaware River under 
a better Regulation for the greater safety and Protec- 
tion of the Trade— his Letter and the papers referring 
thereto shall be Laid before you and when we consider 
how greatly Our Neighbours and we have suffered by 
Informations the Enemy have got from our own 
Pitots I hope it may produce from us some Wholesome 
Law to put an End to such Villanous practices for the 
future and to w='' no Assistance shall be wanting on 
my part. 

Gentlemen of the General Assembly 

Altho' I mention'd to you before the Last adjourn- 
ment the Necessary Care incumbent on you for the 
paym' of the Publick Debts & for the support of the 
Government yet as you seem'd very desirous to be 
quickly dismist to your private affairs, Nothing was 
done in that material affair I have therefore the more 
Reason to Expect you will Early and in Earnest set 
yourselves about it for as Money is CalFd the Sinews 
of Warr so it may in a great Measure be Called the 
Strength of Government and Since it is in our power 
it is a Duty we owe to our People to prevent the Crye 
of Injustice or Oppression by paying the Officers of 
the Governm' and all others their Just Dues without 
unreasonable delayes. 

Gentlemen of the Council & of the General Assembly 
The things I have now laid before you are what 
Occur to me at present for advancing his Majestys 
honour & Service and for promoting the Welfare and 
Prosperity of the People under my Care and as any 


thing further necessary to the Publick good may offer 
I shall Communicate it to you and shall with great 
pleasure receive from you such things as you shall 
Judge may Contribute to the same good Ends — as I 
have no Estate or Property in the Province I do assure 
you I have no Sinister or private Views to pursue But 
my great Care and Study shall be to bring New Jersey 
into a more flourishing State, and that this may not 
be the Least among the Kings Provinces & to strength- 
en my heart and hands in this Purpose I shall always 
be glad of your Assistance aiKl what will make my 
Administration Easy and Pleasant to my Self & happy 
for the Province will be to find a Steady harmony sub- 
sist''' between the two houses so shall we as one Man 
build up the Publick Weal of this People. 

J. Belcher. 
Burlington Nov 19. 1747. 

Petition to Governor Belcher, signed by Nathaniel 
Wheeler, Jonathan Pierson and others — relative 
to tlieir implied connection ivith riots, dr. 

[From a Copy ainong James Alexander Papers, Vol. I, No. 31, in the Rutlierf urd 

Collection. 1 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq': 
Captain General and Ooniinander in Chief 
in and over His Majesties Colony of Nova 
Csesarea or New Jersey in America and 
Vice Admiral &c. 

May it please your Excellency 

Wee his Majesties most Dutiful and Loyall Subjects 
Inhabiting in Several the Counties of this Province, 
Humbly Crave Leave to Lay befoi'e your Excellency, 
That whereas, the hearts of Men Naturally are filled 


with perverse and Rebellious principles, Tending to 
the Subversion of all order and Reducing soon the 
World to a Chaos of Confusion. The Alwise God hath 
ordained orders of Superiority and Inferiority among 
men, and requires an honour to be paid accordingly; 
among which Government is Established; To prevent 
and Cure the disorders which are apt to arise and 
break forth in and among the Societys of men ; To pro- 
mote Civil peace and prosperity among a people; To 
Suppress Impiety; Nourish Religion &c. Unto which 
End there are to be Rulers; and Such as are to be 
Ruled by them. And as Your Excellency hath had 
among us the Name and Character of a Good Ruler; 
with all thankfullness we Accept it as a Mark of his 
Majesties Royal favour to us, in Sending youi' Excel- 
lency to preside among, and over us; for Whose acces- 
sion, we humbly offer our Congratulations; Trusting 
God is favouring us with Such a Blessing Viz' (3ne 
acquainted with the Rules of Righteousness; and who 
wiU act in Concert therewith in aU administrations 
Relating to Causes, without respect of persons; A Stu- 
dent in Gods Law and who will Consult a Good Con- 
science, and what may be pleasing to God, in Making 
& Establishing Laws, (being far from framing Mis- 
chief thereby, as too many do,) and who in Executing 
the Laws of Men will not give Judgement for Such as 
Cross the Commandments of God; One who Can never 
take Comfort in the Misery of the Subjects, but Con- 
trary wise; Eyeing them as Children, and accordingly 
Endeavouring they may have and Lead their lives in 
Quietness and peace; and who will (to this End) See to 
it, that Men Enjoy their Rights, Liberties and proper- 
ties without oppression or Mollestation ; that they may 
live without fear of being borne down by their more 
potent Neighbours; Secured against Violence and 
Righted under all the wrongs. Injurious usage and ill 
treatment they meet withall. When Rulers are Op- 


pressors (vvofull Experience Shews) they who are 
Influenced by them, or hve dependent on them, will 
add to their Yoke and Grievance; Yea Every one who 
will take Lycense to do So to his Neighbour upon any 
advantage. When persons are put into places of trust 
and power, Merely through favour and friendship 
(without Regard had to their qualifications and fittness 
for such offices) Or that they may have a way to Sup- 
port themselves by the Government, it is a Bad omen. 
So when people are Divided Into factions, wise and 
Good Men are Rejected and not thought worthy to be 
made use of; Because they favour not the ways of 
Such as bear Sway; and Such as are hotly Zealous for 
their Designs, are Esteemed meetly Qualified, and to 
be of all others the most worthy. How many are the 
Mischiefs and Miseries Such Male administrations do 
necessarily Expose unto; and what an heavy, Yea, 
Intolerable Burthen doth Such a people (So ruled) Lie 
and Groan under petitions Sent in to the house of 
Representatives &c; Denoting the Grounds of that 
Exasperation which has been in many parts of the 
Colony; Occasioning the Late Stirs and Tumults 
among us; which disorders we Regretting do assuer 
your Excellency, that in whatsoever Congress[^] any 
of us have appeared, it hath been without any malevo- 
lence to Government; and from our hearts we detest 
that Epethete Levelled at us, which we find in a Mes- 
sage Sent to the house aforesaid of May the Sixth 
Inserted page 4o, Traducing us as attempting to throw 
off his Majesties Authority and Dependence on the 
British throne &c: We declare we have acted only (as 
we thought our Duty) in Defence of our own, and poor 
(yett we beheve honest) Neighl)Ours Rights. Liberties 
and properties who together with Many both their and 
our famihes (by what we Call unjust Molestation and 
even Virulent Oppression) were like to Suffer Ruin. 
We humbly take Leave to hope and pray your Excel- 


lency may be the Blessed and happy Instrument, under 
God and our King for the Eepairing of our Breaches 
and Restoring of our paths to dwell and walk in, that 
Righteousness and Equity may be done unto, and for 
men; And that Iniquity which defiles the Land, and 
pulls down wrath, may be purged away; with what- 
soever tends to work the Calamity and woe of your 
people; that the principles of Justice may be main- 
tained against any and all Sinister Respects; and not 
persons, but things Sway in Administrations that our 
foundations may Stand and not be distroyed by Suffer- 
ing our adversaries & dio metrical Oponents (Viz^ Pro- 
prietors, or Such as Claim our Lands and Livings) to 
Sitt as Judges in and of our Cause; or by obscuring 
Such Cases (in Litigious matters Especially) as are 
plain and Clear; and Neglecting to Search out those 
that are Dubious; and to Conclude, we Earnestly 
Renew our Requests, and begg that way may be made 
for our Relief and Reddition in and under the pressing 
wrongs and Injuries we have Recieved (a particular 
act whereof besides what is herewith Emitted we are 
Ready to offer and Supjjort the Same (Complaints) 
(when thereunto Called) and prevent the Like for the 
future; and that all process against any of us, Relating 
to our Liberties and properties, may have a Cessation 
(at Least) untill Such time as Matters in Debate may 
have a final Issue here; or his Majesties pleasure May 
and Shall be known Concerning them; and your Peti- 
tioners, as in Duty Bound, Shall ever pray, 

Nathaniel Wheeler Jonathan Pierson 
John Condict Nathaniel Camp 

Samuel Harrison Samuel Bawldwin 

with many Seperate Sheets of names Annexed 


Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Parfriclge. 

[From a Copy among the Belcher Papers in the Library of the New Jersey Historical 


Burlington (N. J.) Nov. 19 I7tt7. 
Brother Partridge 

Pray assist me if you can about a Leave to go to see 
my Chilclreu at Boston and if you could get thi-o' the 
Petition about my Arrears I have Reason to think I 
may recover something Considerable, and it will lu- 
able me to do the faster for you. 

The Assembly met here the 17th Inst, and as they 
proceed you shall be advis'd — you may depend I 
will within and without doors do all I can for 
your service — altho' I have been Arrived above 3 
moneths and been living at a Continual Expence yet 
they have hitherto made a Camelion of me— not 
having given me one Farthing what they will do 
before they rise I am not able to guess — send me the 
public prints Constantly. "" * '-^ 

I alwayes am Your Lov^' Brother 

J. Belcher. 

Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. O'ivr, of Boston. 

i From a Copy among tlie Belcher Pai)ers in the IJbrary of tlie New Jersey Historical 



Burlington, Nov. 20, 1747. 


As to the affair of Crown Point many persons of 
the bsst thought here are of 0[)inion that its hardly 
worth the Attempt — and as tliey have 10 Guns in it 


with a good Number of Men it would be a difficult 
Enterprize and perhaps Miscarry and on the other 
hand they say should It succeed and not be kept to 
what purpose would the Affair be but to that of a 
fruitless Expence — again it is said the Matter does not 
Originate from home but from a Thirst of Fame else- 
where. I have not thought Enough on the matter to 
give you my own sentiments onely thus far I must 
say in Tenderness to my Native Countrey that you all 
seem to be running mad in your Vile Emissions of 
black & wh ite paper and the Latter may soon be of 
the best Value. Is there no Balm in Gilead! No 
Physician there — and will no one dare to make a Stand 
for the Recovery and Saving of a poor sinking Coun- 
trey — and who cares if you Go to the bottom if they 
and their jj/ed^es may but swim. I think it time for 
somebody to play the Patriot in favour of the people 
and not Content themselves with Saying — Si populus 
vult decipi decipiatur. 

The assembly here has been sitting now 10 days in 
pretty good Temper but you know its hard to guess 
what Turn publick bodies may take, I hope the two 
houses will keej) sweet between themselves and on my 
Part I will Indeavour to avoid any sowering to Either 
of them. I am 

Hono^'"' Sir Your Lov^ Uncle 

J. Belcher. 

1747] admixistrAtiox of governor belcher. 77 

Letter from James Alexander to Joseph Murray\ of 
Neir Yorh\ — as to the propriety of the Governor 
sitting n-ith tJie Cointeil in their Legislative 

I From a Copy in James Alexander's Papers, Vol. I, No. W. in the Rntliert'iud 

Collection, j 

To Joseph Murray Esq 

Burlington Dec'' '6'^ 1747 

his Excellency Gov' Belcher finding upon his perusal 
of the minutes of the Council that all Gov" a])i)ointed 
by the Crown to this Government untill Gov' Morris's 
time Sat with tlie Council in their Legislative Capacity 
as w^ell as when a C-ouncil of State, has been pleased 
to Declare his intention to Set with the Council in 
their Legislative Capacity unless good cause be showen 
to the Contrary 

Some of the GenJ of the Council here have acquaint- 
ed his Excellency that tho' true it is that all Gover- 
nours, as he had Said Sat with the Council, yet they 
understood that that was one of the articles of Com- 
plaint made by Coll Morris against Governour Cosby — 
That Lieut Governour Clarke of New York who imme- 
diately Succeeded Gov' Cosby Did Desist from Sitting 
with the Council in their Legislative C^apacity which 
alteration in his Conduct in that point its Supposed 
must have arisen fi'om Some order from the Ministry 
or board of trade in Consequence of that Complaint & 
not barely from the C^omplaint it Self 

in behalf of our Selves & the rest of the Council here 

' Mr. Murray was a member of the New York Council and a lawyer of repute in 
that province.— Ed. 


we beg Leave to Entreat of you to inform us if you 
can with what motives induced Mi' Clark to Desist 
from Setting with the Council in their Legislative 
Capacity, and whether it was by any order from home 
whether that Order be upon the minutes of Council 
and if it is, then to favour us with an attested Coppy 
thereof from the minutes, if Such order cannot be' 
found, then to recollect whether your Self or any of 
your acquaintance have Seen it, & that the person 
or persons who have Seen it do Certify what they 
remember concerning it, as from whom it was, & 
what the purport. 

We have also heard that the Councils of Virginia, 
South Carolina Jamaica Barbadoes & Antigua do each 
Set by themselves in their Legislative Capacity. We 
Suppose that Mr Robert Watts can Certify whether it 
be not So as to Barbadoes, & by your Acquaintance 
we doubt not you can find other persons in New York 
who can Certify as to all the rest. 

We must Entreat your answer by the next post 
with the attested Coppy from the minutes of Council, 
of the order from home concerning this matter if any 
Such be, & if not, then what you can inform us con- 
cerning it, As for other things requested we are Sensi- 
ble that its impossible to answer us by next post but 
Entreat your full Answer by the next post after 
We are Sir — 

[Queries and Letter sent to each of the provinces, 
on the subject of the foregoing letter] 

r.^ Whether In Your Government, his Majesties 
Council, by Virtue of the Kings Commission and 
Instructions to your (xovernor be not Esteemed to have 
two Capacities — The one to act as a Privy Council or 
Council of State with the Governor — The other to Act 


as a part of the Legislature with both a Dehberative 
and negative Voice without the Governor? 

2'"- If tlie first Question be Answered in the Affirm- 
ative — Then, v/hether your Council in their Legislative 
Capacity have ever Since the Beginning of your Gov- 
ernment acted as Such without the presence of the 
Governor? — And if not, then how Long have they so 
Acted? and upon what Occasion did the Change hap- 
pen? was it upon any application or Complaint to the 
Crown or Ministry? if it was, Then by whom and 
when, and whether any determination was had upon 
that Application, and by whom, and what was the 


The Governors of New York and New Jersey untill 
about Ten years ago, always Sat with the Councils 
thereof in their Legislative Capacity, but some time 
before that. Application was made to his Majesty by 
petition, wherein amongst other things it was Repre- 
sented as a Grievance, that Governors Should have 
taken Upon them So to do, for by his Majesties Com- 
mission and Instructions no more than a Negative 
Voice is Given to a Governor in the making of Laws, 
But by Assuming power to Sitt and act with the 
Council in their Legislative Capacity, he thereby 
Assumed -a Deliberativ^e Voice, and a Double negative 
Voice.— That the Sitting w^th the Council in their 
Legislative Capacity was Consequentially Contrary to 
his Majestie's Instructions, wliich directs the Governor 
to allow the Council freedom of Debate, for his Sitting 
with them must tend to Deprive them of that, and 
over awe them into his Measures 

Sundry points of the Said petition were heard before 
the King and Council, but we believe the above point 
as to Sitting with the ('ouncil in their Legislative 
Capacity, was not heard, nor any determination there- 


on Given. But notwithstanding that, the next Gov- 
ernors of New York and New Jersey dedined Sitting 
with the Council on their inakiug of Laws, and per- 
mitted them to Sitt by themselves which they have 
hitherto done. 

As Some of the Councillors of New York and New 
Jersey have Some fears that Some future Governors 
may Revive the Antient Claim to Sitt with the Coun 
cil in both their Capacities, they would be willing to 
Guard themselves and their Successors against any 
Such future Claim. And as they have heard that in 
all the Governments Immediately under the Crown, 
the Councils do Sitt by themselves in their Legislative 
Capacity, And also that in Some one or more of these 
Governments the point has been Contested before the 
King and Council and Determined against the Gover- 
nors, they think if these facts be So, and they Can 
make them appear it will Greatly Tend to hinder any 
Such Claim by future Governors, 

Its for that purpose, that the Queries herewith are 
Drawn, whereof a C/oppy is Intended to be Sent to 
Each of the King's Governments, Requesting that you 
would apply to one or more of the most Intelligent 
men of your Council, to beg the favour of them to 
Answer those Queries, and that they would be pleased 
to Give their Answers in writing Signed by them, 
mentioning their being of his Majesties Council in 
your Government, wherein you'll much oblidge Sun- 
dry of the Gentlemen of the Councils of New York 
and New Jersey and 

Your most humble Servant 

Prepared after the preceeding Queries and Letter 
have been Considered & amended, 

That W Murray Send one Coppy to CoU: Gilbert of 


That M' Murray would gett the favour of M' Creyer 

to send a Coppy to one of his Correspondents in 

Ja niaica 
That Mr Murray would (left the Like favour of M' 

Robert Watts, jis to Bai'badoes, 
That James Alexander do Send one Coppy to Coll: 

Thomas Lee, one of the CV)uncil of Virginia. 
That James Alexander Gett the favour of John Pro- 

voost to Send a Coppy to Some Correspondent in 

South Carolina. 

Address of the Connc/l of New Jersc// to Govenior 
Belcher, December Wi, 1747. 

[Ffom Papers of JcVmes AlexaiidiT, Vol. I, No. 30. in Paithi'i-t'unl ('oll(>ftioii. 1 


We his Majesties Coimeil for the pi'ovince of New 
Jersey In General Assembly mett, beg Leave to Return 
your Exc^' our Thanks for your favourable Si)eech to 
both houses delivered on the ll*'?* of Last month, and 
to Assure your Excellency that we are Come together 
with hearty Inclinations to ]H-omote the welfare of the 
province, and Shall do every thing in our ])ower to 
Give dispatch to those things that we Shall Judge 
Conducive to the publick advantage. 

The Secretary agreeable to your Excellency's orders 
has laid before us Sundry petitions and other papers 
which we have now under our CVjusideration, and if 
upon a diligent Enquiry we Judge tlie Complainants 
Intituled to the aid of the Legislature — w^e Shall readily 
Join in the most Effectual measures for that purY)()se. 

It is with the utmost Concern we have heard of the 
many Insurrections that have happened in this prov- 
ince of Late years; those bold i.*vr daring Attempts to 


throw off his Majesties Authority and their depend- 
ence on the Crown of Brittain; the Tramphng (as they 
have done) the Laws of this Country under foot, and 
bidding open and pubhck defiance to the Government, 
must Soon bring ujDon the province the Calamities of 
a Civil war, if timely and Effectuall measures are not 
taken to put a Stop to its rapid Progress. 

These Insurrections are managed by numbers of 
people in this province, who for the better Carrying 
on their wicked purposes Keep up a Correspondence as 
well by Letter as by the Communication of the per- 
sons Concerned; this Combination So dangerous to the 
peace and dependence of the province has too Long- 
Subsisted, and is Supported by Such a number of 
Desprate people that all the Effoi'ts of the Government 
to dissolve it and to bring the delinquents to Justice 
have been To no purpose, in Consequence of which the 
Course of Common Justice is at a Stand; his Majesties 
Liege Subjects are deprived of the Benefit of the Laws; 
their properties are no Longer protected and Great 
numbers of Men who Stand Indicted for high treason 
in Levying war against our Sovereign Lord the King 
and other Great Crimes have the boldness to brave the 
publick Justice of the province and to Travel openly 
about the Country in defiance of the Laws 

We Cannot but observe to your Excellency that this 
Combination was Sett on foot and first Showed it Self 
by a Eiot in Essex on the 29^" of September 17-15, a 
time when his Majesty, his Ministers and his forces 
were all busily Employed in prosecuting a Just and 
Necessary warr against two powerful nations, and in 
Quelling an unnatural Eebellion at that time Raging 
in Great Brittain; and their Choosing that time for 
the perpetration of this their wickedness Shows the 
design of throwing off their dependance on the Crown 
of Brittain was deeply Laid because at that time it 
was not possible for his Majesty to Spare any of his 


forces to Give a Check to it, And this they buoy them- 
selves up with, and pul)hckly gave out. 

To Render their work more Secure; to Estabhsh 
themselves hereafter, and to Strengthen their hands 
for the better Execution of their Schemes they have 
publickly denied his Majesties Right to the Soil of His 
plantations. Avowing that his Grants thereof are Void ; 
They have in Contempt of his Majesties orders and 
Contrary to the Express Laws of the Country made 
Large Purchases of Lands from the Indians without 
the Leave of the Government, and have Sett up Obso- 
lete Indian Deeds Obtained in a Criminal and Clandes- 
tine manner, as the best and only Title to the Soil of 
America; And have drawn into their Confederacy 
Numbers of men Seated by Lease and otherwise on 
Lands to whicli they have not the Least pretence, to 
Support this their new Scheme of power 

These proceedings may it ])lease yoQr Excellency 
have already brought things to this Crisis that his 
Majesties Authority is no Longer regarded; his Law- 
ful Commands are treated with Contempt, his Known 
ofncei's beat and abused in the Execution of their offi- 
ces, his Goals in different Counties of this j)rovince 
Broke open and the prisoners therein detained Released 
from their Confinement, and Ruin and desolation 
threatned to his Majesties faithfull Sul)jects that 
Should oppose them in the Execution of theii- wicked 

To put an Effectual Stop to these dangeious At- 
tempts We liave from time to time done every thing 
in our power agreeable to our Inclinations and the 
trust reposed in us l)y his Majesty, and we wish we 
Could Say that the Desired Success had attended our 

Your Excellencys happy Arrival among us, and your 
Strong Inclination to do Justice to the pi'ovince and 
Re Establish his Majesties Authority and the Laws of 


the Country, we Expected would have put a Stop to 
their progress and Given a Check to their Insolent 
Behaviour But we find it had not that Effect; on the 
Contrary, they go on in the manner the}^ used to do, 
and have Committed two Riots in the County of Mor- 
ris and one in the County of Essex Since your Arrival. 

Had these people been denied the benefits of the 
Law, had there been any Tyrany whatsoever Exercised 
over them, there might have been Some pretence for 
their Actions in the manner they have done (tho' it be 
wrong and Irregular) but So far is it from any thing 
of that Kind that they have Lived under the protec- 
tion of the Laws of England, the Mildest in the world, 
and Executed in the Mildest manner; Courts both of 
Law and Equity have been Constantly Subsisting in the 
province, and the Method of Appeahng from one Court 
to another has been Long Settled, and the Course of 
Justice Known to the people of the province. And as 
your Excellency Justly observes had they been in any 
thing Aggrieved they might have Applyed themselves 
to his Majesties Courts of Judicature and from thence 
by Appeal to his Majesty in Council, who Could & 
Doubtless would have done them Justice, but they 
were Sc'are above Asking redress of the Laws in the 
regular and Ordinary Course, or Submitting to any 
other determination than that of their own will and 

Your Excellency has a very Just Sence of the Con- 
sequences of these proceedings, and your duty and 
affection to the best of Kings who has trusted his 
Authority in this province in your hands; as well as 
your own Inclinations to Give peace and tranquility to 
a people Committed to your Charge we are well 
Assured will all Conspire to Induce your Excellency to 
Act with Vigour in an Affair where his Majesties 
Authority is at Stake, and where too much Lenity to 
Such Criminals, may be Cruelty to a Country. 


Agreeable to your Excellencies advice we have Ap- 
jjointed a Committee to Join a Committee of the house 
of Assembly to Consider of the most Effectual means 
to put a 8top to those disturbances; upon this Com- 
mittee we have named those of our members that have 
made the Law their Study, and are therefore liest 
Acquainted with the nature of the offences Com- 
mitted, and best able to Advise, as to the Remedies 
adequate to the Occasion, 

We do assure your Excellency that none of the 
Members of our house are any otherwise Interested in 
sthis Affair than as they are freeholders in the province 
and faithfull Subjects to the King; and as Such we 
Consider Every freeholder and Good Subject in the 
province is Interested, and the Greater the freehold 
the Stronger the Interest to put an End to the disturb- 
ances and to Restore peace to the province, as the pre- 
tence and proceedings of These publick disturbers 
Strike at the foundation of property in Lands, at his 
Majesties Authority and the Laws of the Country. 

As the Suppressing of These Riots is of the G. itest 
Consequence to the Safety of the province and its 
dependence on the Crown of Brittain, and As his 
Majesty's Authority in his })lantations is Evidently 
Struck at, we Shall make it the principal object of 
our Care, and to the utmost of our power Shall afford 
your Excellency all possible Assistance in Restoring 
the peace of the province and the Establishing the 
Laws of the Community By order of the house 

Ja: Alexander 


Proceedings of the Comicil of New Jersey — relative 
to the Riots. 

[From Papers of James Alexander. Vol. I, No. 30, in the Rutlierfurd Collection.] 

Att a Council held at Burlington 9"' Dec." 17-1:7 

His Excellency the Governor 

J Alexander J Coxe 

J Rodman A. Johnston 

R Smith Peter Kemble 

R. H. Morris T Leonard 


His Excellency laid before this board a Letter he 
had on the 7'" Instant rec-' from David Martin Esq'' 
Sheriff of Hunterdon, dated the 6"' day of Dec-' Inst: 
which Letter is in the following words, 

" S!" I think it my duty to Inform your Exc^' that 
yesterday about 4 in the afternoon a number of men 
Came to trenton in a riotous manner armed with Clubs 
and Cudgells and breaking open the prison took away 
with them one David Brieiiy, a prisoner under my 
C-are and Keeping, who I had arrested at the Suit of 
the King by Vertue of a writt Issued out of the 
Supream Court of this province on an Indictment for 
high treason. A Defence of the Cloal to any available 
purpose being Impracticable as matters Stand here at 
present, I Contented my Self with meeting them in 
the Street near the prison door and Enquiring what 
they Came for in Such a riotous manner — they 
answered they Came for David Brierly whom I de- 
tained in prison; and whom thev must have out. I 
Expostulated with them about the Heniousness of the 


Crime they were going to Committ; that the repeating 
this Crime so often was a Great aggravation of their 
Guilt; and observed to them, that what ever Con- 
structions the Law might put on what they had done 
before in breaking Goals, yett as the prisoner whom 
they now Came to i-escue was committed at the Suit 
of the King by Vertue of a writt on an Indictment for 
high treason by the Law, and the doing of it at this 
particular Juncture was a Great Insult and an open 
defiance to the whole Body of the Legislature of this 
province now Sitting and Deliberating how to Quiet 
the Disturbances they had occasioned, in a Manner the 
most tender to them. 

They Listned to me with attention & John Ander- 
son and Edmond Bainbridge their two Chiefs Answered 
Me that they were Going next week to Give an Ac- 
count of all their proceedings to the Governor and 
Assembly. Having a writt against Edmond Bain- 
bridge for the Same Crime with Brierly's, I arrested 
him in the Middle of them; and told them it was 
Equally Criminal to rescue Bainbridge as Brierly but 
all to no purpose I shall be Glad to receive your 
Exc^-'' Instructions how to behave in this difficult affaii- 
and am with all Dutifull j-egard 

Y^ Exc-^"* most Obed^ and most Huml)le Serv^ 

David Martin." 

Upon which his Ex' was pleased to Desire the advise 
of this board. And the Board taking the Same into 
Consideration, advised his Ex^' to order his Maj" attor- 
ney Gen'.' to take afitidavitts of the i:)articular facts 
Mentioned in the Said Letter, and also to Lay the Said 
Letter and Affidavitts (when taken) l)efore the house of 
Assembly, as the aid of Legislature is Necessary on 
this occasion. 

It is therefore Ordered that his Maj*'^ Att^ Gen'.' do 
take or Cause to be taken, Affidavitts of the facts 



relating to an Insurrection Committed at trenton on 
friday last; as also relating to Certain threats Given 
out by the persons Concerned in the Said Insurrection 
of their Intention to Come in a Body to this City; and 
that he transmitt them to his Excellency & this board 
with all possible dispatch. 

Ordered that the Secretary do Carry to the house of 
Assembly the above Letter from David Martin Esq'— 
and at the Same time Inform the house that his Excel- 
lency and this Board have ordered affiidavits of the 
facts Contained in the Said Letter to be taken which 
wiU be also laid before them. 

D:' to Sp' in y*" Chair the Same day 

Proceedings of the Council of New Jersey. 

[From Papers of James Alexander Concerning the Land Riots. VoL L No. 33, among 
Rutherfurd Collection.] 

Friday December 11*^ 1747 
The house Mett. Present 
James Alexander A Johnston 
J Rodman P. Kemble 

R H. Morris Tho^ Leonard 

R Smith J. Coxe 


A Message from the house of Assembly by M' Cooper 
and M' Stelle 
M' Kearney one of the Committee appointed on the 
ffree Conference with the Committee of the Council 
on the Subject matter of the Message of that house 
Reported that the Committees Mett and Did Conferr 
thereon, and Agreed to Report to both houses as the 
opinion of the Committees that Some Resolutions be 


Entered into proper to Discourage Such large Num- 
bers of persons coming down to this place to Lay their 
Complaints l)efore any branch of the Legislature in 
Such Manner as is Reported, but that if any persons 
who have been Indicted or Legally Accused of the 
Disorders Committed in this C^olony have any to offer, 
it ought to be done in a Decent manner by a Small 
Number of Others in their l)ehalf 

Resolved Nemine Contradicente 

That any Number of persons Coming to present 
petitions or lay Complaints before any branch of the 
Legislature in a Tuniultuous manner, or in. C-ompany 
with any person or persons Indicted for or Legally 
accused of Disorders Committed in this Colony in 
ordei" to protect or Countenance Such persons is and 
will be a high Infringement of the privilidges of the 
Legislature and Insult u])on them and a Contempt of 
the Laws but that if any of these persons so Indicted 
or accused have any thing to offer it ought to be pre- 
sented in a Decent manner by a Small Number of 
others in their behalf. 

Ordered That M' Cooper and M' Stelle do wait on 
the Council with a Coppy of the above resolve and 
Report and acquaint them that this house proposes 
forthwith to order the Sheriff' of Hunterdon to publish 
the Said Resolve in Some of the Most i)ublick places of 
that County. Dec' 1 1*'' 1747 Tho^ Bartow Clk 

Whereas the house having received Information 
that Some persons who Stand Indicted and Accused of 
High treason in Levying war against our Sovereign 
Lord the King and for other (Ireat Crimes Intend to 
Gather a Great Number of Men in order to Come in a 
body to this town in high contempt of the Laws of the 
County and of the Legislature of the province now 
Sitting. And whereas the Design of their Coming in 
the manner proposed is Given out to be in oi-der to 


Lay their Grievances before the Legislature and to 
protect such persons as Stand accused of any Crime 
from being taken by the Kings officers. The house 
Therefore Unanimously Came to the following Reso- 
tion Viz* 

Resolved That any Number of men Gathering 
themselves together or Assembling in a Riotous and 
Tumultuous manner in order to accompany petitions or 
lay any Com])laints before any of the Branches of the 
Legislature of this province is, Dangerous to the peace 
and Safety of the province; a high Contempt of the 
body of the Legislature; an open Violation of the Laws 
and Constitution (Evidently tending to Infringe and 
break in upon the Liberty and Indepency) of the Sev- 
eral Branches of the Legislature: To awe and Influence 
them in matters under their Consideration; and is of 
Most dangerous and pernicious Example. 

Resolved That any Number of men Gathering 
themselves together or Assembling in order to protect 
any person from being taken by the officers of the 
Government who stands Indicted or Legally accused 
of high treason or any other Crime, is a Great Con- 
tempt of his Majesties Authority; of the Known Laws 
of the Land; and is highly Criminal 

Ordered That the Sheriff's of Hunterdon, Somerset, 
Middlesex and Essex do publish and Affix these Reso- 
lutions in the most publick places in their Respective 

Ordered That M' Smith do wait on the house of 
Assembly, with the resolutions of the house of this 
day, and acquaint them that this house thinks it 
advisable forthwith to order the Sheriffs of Hunter- 
don, Somerset, Middlesex and Essex to publish the 
said Resolves in the most publick places of their Re- 
spective Counties, and hope that house Will Extend 
their order to the said Counties 


Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Alford, of 
New England. 

I From a Copy among Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc. | 

Burlington Dec. 15, 1747 




The Assembly are Sitting and what they will do foi' 
my Support is not Concluded on nor am I Sohcitous 
about it. I will Indeavour l)y the help of God to fix 
myself in the Esteem and Love of the People committed 
to my Charge and govern them to theii' own ease and 
Content. I am Sensible my Friends as well as my 
Enemies began to Imagine from my Slow proceeding 
that I was afraid to Exert my self in blowing up the 
Villanous plot (of the Land bank'} laid for the ruin of 
my dear Countrey but that was not the Case 1 was all 
along resolv'd to do what I did and in the most 
Effectual manner I could and in the Last part I acted 
upon it I lost £2<)()0 the Assembly voting me but 
£1<H»»> instead of £3()0(» however I assure you I never 
had one regretting thought in what I did as it all pro- 

' ijovERNOR Belcher had been instructed not to allow the further issue of provin- 
cial bills of credit in Massachusetts beyond the period of those already put in 
circulation, which was 1741. " As this period approached a pi'oject was devised by 
a party of the money -jobbers and speculators in Massachusetts for evading the 
royal injunction, and maintaining a supply of paper money, by the establishment 
of a private land hank on a very extensive scale; and in spite of the i-emonstrances 
of Belcher, which were seconded by all the wiser and more respectable portion of 
the community, this pernicious device was carried into effect in 1739. The country 
was presently deluged with the notes of this bank, for the circulation of which the 
most skilful and adventurous expedients of commercial artifice were adopted; and 
so much mischief seemed likely to ensue, that the interposition of the British gov- 
ernment was urgently solicited by some jjersons of consideration in Massachusetts, 
and an act of Parliament was passed in 1740 for suppressing the bank and prevent- 
ing the formation of similar establishments."— Graham's United States, Vol. 11. p. 
1&4. — "An Account of the Rise, Progress and Consequences of the Land Bank and 
Silver Schemes in the Province of Massachusetts Bay." Boston, 1741.— Ed. 


ceeded from a Real view to the prosperity and happi- 
ness of the People und' my Care and to this as often 
as I think of it I have the Sweet Satisfaction of my 
Conscience bearing me witness and yet being repre- 
sented as a Friend to that piece of Villany was the sole 
reason of my Removal so hard has been my Case tho' 
jnst in God whom I am always offending — have mercy 
upon me for the sake of thy dear Son God! — well 
notwithstanding all that was done this wicked Scheme 
has been most fatal to the Countrey. My Successor 
{ivith his pledges) told you of a new Aera of Justice 
but what a Curse has that prov'd to the province — 
when I was superseded Exch? was got to the mon- 
strous height of 400 p. C* but which I am told is now 
at 1000, and when I was put out of the Chair I think 
there was outstanding in bills of Credit One hundred 
and Sixty thousand Pounds onely but now it is said 
there is two Millions. 

I really wonder your wise men of Goatum are not 
ashamed so dreadfully to deceive themselves and their 
Poor People. Your bills are good for Little else than 
for Gays to please Children for bottoms of Pyes. 

* " "^' This is a pleasant Little City (or 
Village) you say you saw once a Ship lying at the 
Wharf here of 150 tuns — ^we have now a fine ship 
building upwards 400 Tuns to be launcht In June. I 
think nothing will be wanting in my power to make 
Trade & commerce flourish in the province as well as 
Agriculture and Manufactures. I am informed Sev- 
eral Families in Boston think of Moving into this 
province in the Spring where I think they can't fail of 
doing well if Sober and Diligent they will be sure of 
all my Countenance and Protection. T have here a 
Small house yet big Enough for my Little family — it 
Looks pleasantly 10 miles up and down the River 
Delaware — * * * * have a pretty garden, orchard, 
&c.— Conveniences for Geese — ducks — Dunghill Fowls 


and Rabbits and a fish i)ond about 150 Rods from my 
door full of Bass — Pike — Eels and Perch and next 
Spring I shall have a Paddock for 15 or '20 Deer and 
the whole Included in a Rent of £1()(> a Year — but 
then you must Remember Its precious Nen- Jersey 
Currency but I am rambling—* - * 

May you 8ir and your Lady prosper and be in health 
even as your Souls prosper and so I remain. 

Your most obed' & most humble Serv' 

Coll Alford J. Belcher. 

Letter from Oorenior BelcJier to the Secretary of 
State — in furor of Cot. ScJniytcr aiut otlier Xeic 
Jersey officers. 

[From P. R. o. American and West Indies Vol. XIV. p. m.] 

May It Please Your Clrace 

The late intended Expedition, against CVmada, 
being by His Majestys order, laid asside; and the 
Troops rais'd for that Service, dismist; Col' Peter 
Schuyler who commanded the Regiment, of this 
Province tells me, that some of the officers, that were 
under his Com'and, are going to Great Britain; and 
desires me, to represent to Your Crace, that from their 
Entering into the Service, to the time of their being 
dismist, they did on all occasions l^ehave with great 
Zeal for the Service, of their King and Countrey; and 
with good Resolution. & Prudence, in their several 
Stations — And that upon the great incouragment, giv- 
en here, in the Kings Name, for raising these Troops, 
many of the officers, had put themselves out of all 
other Business, the more elfectually to Serve His 
Majesty, iii promoting the Expedition, and are now 
going, to offer themselves, to go into His Majestys 


Service, and as they constantly conducted themselves, 
with the greatest Zeal and Chearfulness, in the late in- 
tended Enterprize they humbly hope to have the Hon- 
our, of Your Graces Protection, and Countenance, in 
recomending them, to His Majestys Favour, by being- 
admitted into the Service, among the Kings regular 

That the Crown may on all future Emergencies, be 
well Se]-v\l, in these North American Colonies, as well 
as, in Justice, to these Gentlemen, I have thought it 
my Duty, thus to represent their Case, and am, with 
the greatest regard, & Deference 

My Lord Duke 
Your Graces most Obedient most faithful & 

most humble Servant 
J Belcher 
Burlington New Jersey January 10 1747-8 

Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and 
Assembly of New Jersey — about Expedition to 
Croivn Poiyit. 

I From a Copy among tlie Belclier Papers in Library of New Jersey Hist. Society. | 

Gentlemen of the Council and of the general 
The last post brought me a Letter from M' Shirley 
Governour of His Majestys province of the Masschu- 
setts Bay with the result of Commissioners appointed 
from that Government New York and Connecticut 
respecting an Expedition to be undertaken against 
Crown point which Letters and the papers it Inclosed 
the Secretary will lay before you — And I Earnestly 
recom'end your Joining with these ]>rovinces in this 


Important enterprize wliich if it please Grod to succeed 
may in its C^onsequences greatly Contribute to the 
future safety peace and prosperity of this and of all 
his Majestys provinces in North America and in your 
deliberation in this matter you will find it requires all 
possible dispatch — Gentlemen I am glad to understand 
that a Committee of his Majestys Council and of the 
house of General Assembly have met once and again 
upon what I Early recom'ended to you of going into 
some Effectual measures for surppressing the tumults 
rais'd by a Number of Rioters who have lately repeat- 
ed their bold and daring attempts to throw off their 
allegiance to the King and have treated the Laws of 
the Province with the greatest Contempt — if these 
things still go on they nuist soon subvert the Govern- 
ment and bring this People into a State of Anarchy and 
Confusion — but I hope we shall (as one man) be so 
alarm'd as to do the utmost in our power to prevent 
so dreadfull a Calamity. I am Glad Gentlemen you 
have agreed in severall Bills for His Majestys Ser- 
vice and Interest and for the Weal of this People and 
to which I have now Given my Assent — as this Court 
has been sitting nine weeks at a great Expence I hope 
you will with Calmness and Unanimity and with all 
prudent Dispatch go through such Necessary affairs 
as may still remain to be done on your parts and on 
mine you'll find no Delay that an End may be put to 
this long Session which I depend would be acceptable 
to us all. 

Burlington Jan. 19 1T47-S 


Letter from tJie Lords of Trade to Governor Belcher — 
congratulating him on his arrirat at his Oorern- 

I From P. R. O. B, T. New Jersey Vol. 15, page 107. 1 

To Jonathan Belcher Esq'" Governor of New 


We receivVl your Letter of the 27. of August 1747, 
iu forming us of your safe Arrival at New Jersey, and 
of your having tal^en on you the Administration of 
your Government, on both w^hich occassions we take 
this first Opportunity of congratulating you. 

We doubt not but we shall receive from you in due 
time such Informations as His Majestys Service may 
require, & among other things, we desire you will not 
fail to send us over, once every six months, a List of 
the Members of the Council, signifying at the same 
time who are absent, and who have Licence from the 
Gov'." for such Absence, and for how long time. 

We are sorry to hear that you found at your Arri- 
val the Disturbances and Eiots in your Province, of 
which We had before been niade acquainted, still sub- 
sisting: but hope that you will soon be able by a 
prudent Conduct to put an End to such dangerous 
practices — So We bid you heartily farewell, and are. 

Your very loving Friends and humble Servants, 
R. Plumer. Dupplin 

B. Leveson Gower. Fran Fane 
Whitehall i>8 Jan'ry 1 747-8. 


Letter from John Coxe to James Alexander — detailing 
some 2^ rocee dings of the Governor and Council. 

[From James Alexander's New Jersey Papers, Vol. Ill, No. 8, in the Rutherfurd 


30"' Jan^ 1748 Trenton 
Z)'- Sir 

I Received Yours of the 31"^ of last Month hut before 
that came to hand I had wrote you A Letter Which 
went by the last Post and Which I hope you received. 

I mentioned to you therein that the Governour had 
called a Councill on the 11"' Which I hoped to be at, 
as I was not able to go down to one he had Called a 
few days before, and accordingly I went And found 
him in a resoUution to have filled up Most of the Com- 
missions in the Province of his own head; for want as 
he said of a Councill Which he had Summoned twice 
and they refused to Attend, and indeed M' Reed had 
the Night before sent me a Jjetter pressing me to come 
down otherwise that would be the Consequence. 

Doct'" Rodman M' Smith and My Self waited on the 
(xovernour which I did CUiiefly with a View to divert 
liim from his design; at this Meeting he insisted upon 
Eastern Division Officers being named Which I could 
l)y No Means Agree to in the Ab.Hence of the Eastern 
Councillors (tho I did Not receive Your letter till after 
my return) and remonstrated Against it with all the 
reasons in My power and refused to be any way Con- 
cerned in the Nomination — He was at last brought off 
from that, but insisted upon Appointing a Second 
Judge and Named Samuel Nevil and ordered his Com- 
mission to be made out and Sent him because he Said 
the Amboy Election was Soon, And he Must be re- 
elected by an Act of Assembly if he gave him the 


Office after he was Chosen— As I had often Said I 
wo'd having Nothing to do with the Appointment of 
the Justices of the Supream Court foi' that Division, I 
therefore refused medhng — but as I imagined the Ap- 
pointment would be Agreable enough to the Gentle- 
men that way, I gave the afair no other opposition but 
by declining to Act, and indeed it would have been to 
no purpose to have done so 

And in order to the Appointment of the other oficers 
he directed M'.' Reed to send Summons's to all the 
Council in the Province to Attend on the 20"' and the 
reason of their being Called was mentioned in the 
Letter, and Also that a Councill had Attended who 
refused to Act in their absence — M' Antill M'' Hude 
and M' Kemble came thro' Trenton, and w^e went 
down, and together with M' Reading M' Leonard and 
the two Gentlemen at Burlington made up Eight 
Councillors; he insisted Upon appointing all the Civil 
Officers of the Government, and after long Argue- 
ments And Altercations between the Governour and 
Councill it was at last Agreed that we should go thro 
the Old Commissions to Agree upon Who should 
stand or Who be struck out, And the Gent" I believe 
settled the Eastern Commissions to their Satisfaction, 
only there was No possibility of keeping in M' Dunstar 
he being determined Not to put him into Commission 
(a relation of that whole affair would be too tedious 
for a Letter) and as the List of Essex Officers delivered 
by the Chief Justice could Not be found that was 
agreed to be left till the Eastern Gent" Attended at the 
Assembly Which is fixed for the 17"' of february at 
Burlington; at Which time that was to be Considered 
of, and such New ones as were wanting in Each 
County were then to be Appointed, And the same 
Method was preserved with respect to the Western as 
to the Eastern Division Commissions, 

The Letter wrote by the Councill from Amboy he is 


very angry with, And Expi-essed his resentment to the 
Gentlemen present Who signed it, in Termes (I 
thought) Much too severe for the Occassion, and de- 
clares he will take No Notice of Any thing Contained 
in it. So Nothing further Could be done at this Meet- 
ing — He also acquainted us that he Called the Assem- 
bly only to recommend the afair of the Rioters to them 
and says he intends to press that Matter to them very 
roundly, but with what Success I Cannot yet foresee, 
I hope upon that Occasion we shall have the Pleasure 
of Seeing you' I am S^ 

Yo!" Most obed^ humble Serv* 


Western Elections stand thus 

Biu-lington Town - Old ones 

— " — County W'" Cooke, Joshua Bispham in the 
room of Sam' Wright (a change 
for y*" better) 

Gloucester Jos: Cooper, James Hinchman (a 

very good Man) in the room of 
Ebenezer Ho}»kiny. 

Salem Polling still but Hanc<jck sure — tlio 

Contest is between Brick & Gib- 

Cape May Old ones 

Eastern Elections Come to My Knowledge stand tlius. 

Monm"' old ones. Somerset Old ones 

Amboy & Middlesex you Must have heard of. 


Letter jrvin Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge, 
Agent of New Jersey. 

iFrom a Copy among Belcher Papers in the Library of the N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Burlington Feb 5 1747-8 


The general Assembly of this province having 
appointed a Committee to transmit to you the ace" of 
the Charge of Cloathing and Arming the Regiment 
rais'd in this province for the Late intended Expedi- 
tion against Canada being a Duplicate of what I have 
had adjusted and Transmited to Com'odore Knowles 
and Governour Shirley at Boston amounting to £8748 : 
7:4 this Curr^ the said Committee have been with me 
to desire me to write In favour of this Disbursement 
which was done by way of Loan to the Crown In Ver- 
tue of His Grace the Duke of Newcastles Lr to this 
Governm^ and I have this day In answer to their 
request delivered them my Letters open 

To the Duke of Newcastle 

Chancellor of the Exchequer & 

Lord Commis" of Trade and Plantation &c these 
Letters (with this) they will cover to you and you will 
read the Letters then Seal and deliver or such of them 
as you may think proper. 

The Comm"" that were Imployed in this affair are 
here Esteem'd Gentlemen of undoubted Veiacity 
probity and good Understanding one of them of his 
Majesty's Council — Another his Majestys Secretary of 
the province— Another treasurer of the Province and 
two others Members of the General Assembly and 
according to the most critical Observations I have been 
able to make on the Acc° I believe it to be very Just 


and good The Article Excepted which I have mention'd 
in my Several Letters. For indeed it Looks to me but 
Reasonable that those who pretend to Lend money 
should have it to Lend and Not to Expect their boi-- 
rowers should make the money for them. 

The Objections Mr Shirley has Intimated to me 
against the acco. and which I sup])ose he has Trans- 
mitted to the Duke of Newcastle are 

That all the Vouchers ot the Expence dont appear 

That no Commisions ought to be Charged for doing 
the Business— Nor the Article of Battoes and otlier 


and these Objections I think may be answered thus— 

It was not practicable to send Voucliers for Ev^ery 
216 but the large and most material Articles are well 
voucht. To pay the Commissioners for their Time and 
Troble is doubtless a very Laudable charge, nor does 
the King expect his Servants should serve him foi- 
nothing— Altho' this Province was to transport their 
Troops to Albany (the place of Rendezvous) yet there 
is not the least Shadow of Reason to say they must 
from Albany su])ply Battoes to pass the Lakes and 
find Tents and other Necessaries for their March'-' — all 
that I can gather from these Objections is that a Cer- 
tain Gentleman would Ingratiate himself right or 
wrong at the Expence of y' Province But I have good 
reason to Believe that upon Conversing with your 
Brother Agents of other Provinces you will find the 
New Jersey ace" to be rendered in good Form and 
Order and as well voucht as any that are sent home — 
what may be offered as a Corroborating Argument for 
a just and Speedy Reimburstment may be the Victual- 
ling of the Troops wholly at the Expence of the Prov- 
ince—Amounting to £9121: 17: 6 this Currency agree- 
ably to the Ace" the Committee transmits you here- 
with this I say is besides the money lent the Crown 
for Arming and Cloathing — that I really think this 


Province has behav'd to the King with great duty & 
Loyalty on this Occasion and I hope you'll be as early 
as possible in SoUiciting the Payment of this money 
& that you'll follow it diligently and Indefatigably 
and for what more relates to it I referr you to the 
Com'ittee of the General Assembly and remain with 
kind Respects 

Sr your Lov^' Brother 

J. Belcher. 
Mr. Partridge via Virginia to the Care of Mr Lang- 

Letter from the Council of New Jersey to the Duke of 
Neivcastle — recommending sund ry officers who had 
served in the expedition to Canada. 

[From P. R. O. America and West Indies, Vol. XFV, p. 82.1 

New Jersey February 12* 1747[8] 

May it please your Grace. 

Before this Letter Eeaches your Grace, we Suppose 
anothei^ will be Come to hand from Some of the Mera- 
l)ers of his Majesties Council for this province dated 
the 16*:" day of Last Month, in favour of Coll? Schuy- 
ler, and the officers of this province, who Served in 
the Expedition to Canada: in which, among other 
Recommendations to Your Grace, It is asserted that 
many of the officers were in Good Business, and Left 
the Same, Upon the hopes of being Continued in his 
Majesties Service. And as Cap" Ware and Cap" Dag- 
worthy, two of the Gentlemen who Raised Companies 
in this province have Signified to us, their Intention 
to take a Voyage to England, to Implore Your Grace's 
Assistance, and Interest with his Majesty, for Such 


Marks of his Royal favour, as they may be thought to 
deserve; We being members of his Majesties Council 
thought it a piece of Justice due to them, to Assure 
your Grace that l)oth those Gentlemen were in good 
business and Left the Same to Engage in his Majesties 
Service: and Behaved therein with becoming Zeal and 
Resolution through the Course of that Expedition. 

We are May it please your Grace 
Your Grace's Most obedient, and Most Humble Servants 
Jn" Reading Ja^ Hude 

Ja: Alexander And'"^ Johnston 
RobT H: Morrls Jn" Coxe 

Message of Gorenior Belcher to the Asseint^ty of Neir 


[From a Copy among: Belcher Papers in Lilirary of N. J. Hist. Society. | 

Gentlemen of the General Assembly 

The Bill intitled an act for the Support of the Gov- 
ernment of His Majestys Colony for (^ne year to 
Commence the 10: Aug 1747 & to End 1(»: Aug 
17-iS and to discharge the [tublick debts and the 
arrearages and Contingent charges thereof having 
been past by his Majestys Council but this day it 
could not till now be Laid before me and upon reading 
it I observe that the Support of His Majestys Gover- 
nour is provided for, for one year onely wliereas you 
will find at my first meeting you in General Assembly 
I acquainted you that His Majesty expected you to 
settle on me a Yearly Salary Sutal)le to the dignity of 
the office of His Majestys Governour and I have now 
ordered the Secretary to lay before you the Kings 
Royal Instruction at large on this head v/ hich Matter 


I desire you to Consider with the attention it requires 
and deserves and you will then see with how much 
Wisdom and Reason it is Calculated for the better 
Establishment of His Majestys Authority and honour 
as well as for the more Just and Impartial Adminis- 
tration of the Government by all Persons and Officers 
concerned therein altho' you have in what is calFd the 
Support bill made a provision of this kind for one year 
for the Governours Salary as well as for that of others 
concern'd In the Administration yet may they still be 
fixt by a Subsequent Act Conformable to His Majes- 
tys Royal Instruction the doing of which I Earnestly 
recom'end to you and with what Dispatch you can 
that this long Session may be brought to a Conclu- 

J Belcher 
Burlington, Feb 17 1747-8 

Message of Governor Belcher proroguing the Legis- 

[From a Copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Society.] 

Gentlemen of the Council and of the General 
At the first opening of this Session it seemed to me 
big with difficulties— from an almost Stagnation of all 
affairs of Government in this Province for above 3 
years past yet I was willing to hope and Persevere for 
Compassing those things that might bring the province 
out of the Confusions. It is then with much satisfac- 
tion I look back on the Course of your proceedings in 
that the Members of his Majestys Council and of the 
general Assembly each in their Respective branches of 


the Legislature as well as the Council and the Assem- 
bly with each other have with so good an Unanimity 
come into most of the things I recommended at your 
first coming together as well as into others of Impor- 
tance to the People and as I have given my Assent to 
the Several bills you have laid before me that they 
may become Laws of this Province you may Assured- 
ly depend on my Representing them in a just and 
reasonable Light to the Kings Ministers in order to 
their obtaining the royal Sanction. I hope Gentlemen 
such as have been so long Concern'd in the Repeated 
Riots and disorders of the Province as well the Heads 
Advisers and Abettoi's as Numbers that have been 
deluded by them will from the Lenity of His Majestys 
Government extended to y'" at this time with great 
gratitude return to their duty to the King and behave 
with all Obedience to the Government his Majesty has 
more Immediately placed over y"' — and will chearfully 
submit themselves to y" Salutary Laws of this 
Province and in a Steady Practise of these things they 
will approve themselves worthy of the Favour they 
have received from their Rulers — and if Persons of all 
Ranks and order among us will Indeavour to become 
Patterns of Virtue and good Religion in their Lives 
and Conversations we may hope for the Blessing of 
Almighty God to Make Nova Caesarea or New Jersey 
a happy and flourishing Province and to Contribute 
to it I shall Imbrace all opportunities that shall fall in 
my power. 

Gentlemen after your Long attendance in a very 
difficult Season on the Publick affairs I now wish you 
well to the places of your Abode, where I doubt not 
but you will in your Several Stations do what in you 
Lies to Strengthen the Hands of the Government and 
to promote peace and good ordei- among the People. 

J Belcher 
Burlington Feb 18 iTiT-S. 


Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge — 
about the action of the Legislature. 

Burlington Feb. 24 1747-8 

I From a Copy among Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Society.] 

Brother Partridge 

The general Court of this Province sat here about 
14 weeks (a Long session) in v^hich a good harmony 
subsisted among all the Parts of the Legislature and 
I have given my Assent to 19 Acts which the Secre- 
tary is getting ready to send home when I shall write 
the Lords of Trade and to you what I may judge 
Needful about them. The act for £4000 paper Cur- 
rency is one and of which I find your Friends and 
mine are very fond and the Chief Justice of the prov- 
ince sayes he will do all he can to Stop its passing at 
home because the Assembly will not pay his Late 
Fathers Arrears — I think you will have orders to Spare 
no reasonable Cost to get it thro' so you must be brisk 
and diligent — Your Friend Mr Smith sends you the ac- 
count of wiiat the Crown is In debt to this Province on 
the Late intended Expedition which. is between 4 and 
£5000 sterling So you'll be well in Cash when you can 
get it and then take care to keep in your hands 4 or 
£500 to Inable you the better to go forward with their 
affairs for the Future but this you must do handsome- 
ly and with their Leave — the Assembly are tolerably 
honest bat very stingy, for altho' their Late Gover- 
nour harast and plagu'd them Sufficiently and I have 
done Everything they have desir'd yet they have not 
given me a penny more than they did him nor have 
they done it so well for on him they settled it for 3 
years and mine was onely for the Currant year and I 


was oblig'd to Live <> mcf Before they gave me a far- 
thing which does not show the inost handsome or 
(rratefun spirit however we must hope they'll do bet- 
ter in Time, they have voted you I think £P)7T in full 
of your Arrearages of Salary and ace" of w' '' I Suppose 
our Friend Richard Smith Jun' Esq acquaints you. 

Your Loving Brother 

J Belcher 
Mr Partridge. A'ia Virginia (^Mr Langley.) 

Letter from Robert H. Morris to James Alexander — 
relatiny to tJie appoiiitmertt of Samuel Neritl as 

I From Rutherfurd MSS.. James Alpxaiider's New Jersey Papers, Vol III, No. 0. | 

[February 1748^| 

jy Sir The severe season has been snch as to cut of 
all communication between Shrewsbury and New 
York or you should have heard from me before 

The Night we were last together you may remember 
what Mr Kearny said relating to the Rioters and Hold- 
ing the cii'cuit in Essex in which I think you differ'd 
from him in Opinion, and his sentiments seemed to 
correspond so well with what the governor had before 
often declared, that I am clearly of opinion they took 
their rise from one & the same source. After you left 
us the scheme shewd it self more fully for Nevill De- 
clared that He had a promise of the 2'' Judges commis- 
sion,— that it was his intention to accept of it. That he 
thought the circuit ought to be held in that and other 

' The original letter is without date, and it seems probable, from some of its eon- 
tents, that it was not written all at one time.— Ed. 


countys, That there was no danger either to the per- 
sons of the Judges, or to their authority, for his part 
he had promiss'd to go into that County and Hold a 
court and was Determined to perform it: This and 
much more of the same kind was said by Him, and 
M' Kearny ap'roved of what He said — upon this Doc- 
tor Johnston spoke. very severely to Nevill and told 
him he was going to act a part that none of His 
Friends would approve of, and I observed to him that 
he was become a tool in the Hands of a Crafty man- 
ager, whose intentions I plainly saw were to Justifie 
the Assembly in not doing any thing against the Riot- 
ers, to Lay the fault on the officers and Courts of Jus- 
tice, and to furnish matter of Complaint against me, 
That I could not believe he would knowingly have 
ingaged to act a part in such schemes, but now he was 
told of it; I should esteem his acceptance of that office, 
a declaring himself my Enemy and should govern 
myself accordingly — and this I desired he would look 
upon as my real sentiments — we parted without more 
talk and I stay'd in town two days afterwards but saw 
nothing of him, This convinced me that He was 
resolved to act upon that Plan of Richards and that 
we ought to have no further dependance on him; — 
With this (3pinion I left the town and heard nothing 
of the situation of Politicks this way till a few days 
ago when I was informed M' Johnston and others of 
this town had resolved to set up D"" Johnston and 
Nevill for the City and Mr Kearny and James Nelson 
for the County this gave me some surprise because I 
imagin'd after what had Happen'd Nevill would not 
have been thought on but it seems I was mistaken — 
However I wrote to M' Johnston and the next day set 
out to see him at the mills, and from thence came to 
this town. By what I can learn Nevill is very disa- 
greeable to the people and the Johnson Interest will 
suffer much if they insist upon forsing him in, and 


whether they will be able to do it is niucli to be 
doubted, but in order to keej) their Interest together 
they will I believe drop him which am endeavouring 
to l)i'ing about, and hope they will fix upon Leonard, 
who has consented to stand if it be necessary to keep 
out Richard Randolph who upon some encouragement 
which he says he had from M' Kearny and M' Nevill 
sets up against the Johnston Interest but I believe he 
will not succeed. Nelson and the Doctor will be in 
without dispute but I much Doubt whether M!" 
Kearney will or not, and if he does not, it will be 
Either James Smith of Woodbridge or Wetherill a 
Rioter; M' Johnston tells me that he finds this County 
nuich more infected with the Riotous Principles than 
he had any notion of — I believe we shall have mem- 
bej's enough to make motions in the House and ])er- 
hai)s to foui'th & fifth such motions, and I submit it 
to you whether we should not think ])efore hand of 
some motions proper to be made upon the affair of the 
Money makers. Traitors, Rioters, &c. I conceive such 
motions should be introduced with proper recitalls of 
facts, and drawn u\) in a skill and manner proper to 
a])pear on the minutes— the more things of this kind 
are prepared before the meeting the better that we 
may be ready to put the enemys of the province upon 
the Defensive 

The Council have been three times somond within 
these three weeks, notwithstanding the severity of the 
season and the three Bfuuswick gentlemen are now 
attending, for my part 1 have been confined to my 
chair ever since Christmas "till I came from home witii 
a sore leg that is but now beginning to mend, tho 1 
have neither Eat any meat or Drank any thing- 
stronger than water since y' 2<;'!' of Decern! which I 
have given as the reason of my non attendance and 
Hope it may ]3revent a suspension which I am threat- 
end with. 


Nevill has this day quaUfied himself as second Judge 
of the supream Court upon a Commission which he 
received two days ago, He says he has no Intentions 
to Injure me, but while he remains a tool in such 
hands he must Excuse me if I do not beUeve him, for 
from what has pass'd I am convinced he may be led 
into almost any thing. '^ " -^ 

Your Most Faithfull & obedient Serv' 

Address of the Council of New Jersey to Governor 


[From a Copy among Papers of James Alexander, Vol. II, in Rutherfurd Collection. J 

Saturday, March 4"^ 1748 

* » * vs- vv- -X- * -S 

Mr Alexander from the Committee appointed to pre- 
pare a Draught of the Address in answer to his Excel- 
lencys Speech, Eeported That the Committee had 
prepared The Same Accordingly '"' "' * 

May it please your Excellency 

We his Majesties Comicil for the Province of New 
Jersey beg Leave to return your Excellency our hearty 
thanks for your favourable Si)eech to both houses at 
the opening of the Sessions 

And we hope your Excellency will believe we are 
not a little Concerned that the Continuance and in- 
crease of the Disorders and Confusions in this Prov- 
ince (occasioned by a Combination of Abandon'd Vil- 
lains, who have frequently Broke open his Majesties 


Gaols, and Rescued The prisoners, Confined therein 
for high treason and other Crimes; and who have in 
many other Instances, Attempted to Subvert his 
Majesties Laws and Govern merit) made it Necessary 
for your Excellency to Call the Council and Assembly 
together at this Season; yet those repeated outrages, 
and particularly the late Impudent Attack upon The 
Gaol of Essex at a time when the Legislature were 
actually Sitting at Amboy, Rendered it Incumbent on 
youi' Excellency, in regard to the Duty you owil to 
his Majesty, and out of Tenderness to the we] If are of 
the Inhabitants of this Province, to pursue this and 
every other Method which might be thought Effectual 
for preventing the Growth of this unparallel'd Scheme 
of wickedness. 

And we do declare t(j your Excellency that we Shall 
heartily fall into any Measures, and Join your Excel- 
lency and the other Branch of the Legislature in 
Enacting Such Laws as may Contribute to Curb the 
Insolence of these audacious people; and we hope the 
other Branch of the Legislature will be as inclined as 
we are to take y our Just and Kind Caution and advice, 
not to enter into any feuds or animosities, which, as 
we are Sensible may be productive of many incon^^en- 
iences, but of no one Solid advantage. We shall, as 
much as in our power lies Endeavour to avoid As the 
Steps taken the last winter Sessions by the Legislature 
to Bring those Audacious Criminals to a Sense of, and 
return to their Duty, have not produced the desired 
Effect, and as the Lenity of the Government toward 
Them has been treated, by most of them, with Con- 
tempt, we would not Suppose the house of Assembly 
will delay or Refuse to do, at this Juncture, what may 
be proper to Restore the })eace and liarmony of his 
Majesties Government, especially Since any means we 
may fall upon iunong our Solves which may ansvvei- 
that end, must be less felt bv us and be much more 


eligible Than for us by a neglect of oar duty to draw 
down the Eesentment of his Majesty and his ]\Iinisters, 
which must be the unavoidable Consequence if we 
Suffer things to proceed To the utmost extremity, and 
will be attended wirh this peculiar hardship, Tliat the 
Innocent will be of Course Sufferers, and involved in 
many Calamitys with the Guilty; But if it must be the 
misfortune of this j^rovince to be reduced to fly for 
Assistance to the King, We presume to Say your Excel- 
lency would Strongly Testifye your Duty to his 
Majesty and Esteem for his Loyall Subjects under 
your Care, by Laying the Deplorable State and Condi- 
tion of this Colony before him, and imploring his 
Royall aid and interposition ; and we do assure your 
Excellency we Shall think our Selves indispensibly 
obliged to Concurr with, and afford your Excellency 
our utmost Assistance in representing to his Majesty 
and his Ministers the unhappy Scituation and Circum- 
stances of this Distressed province. 
By order of the house 

John Reading Speaker. 

•V * * * * -X- * * 

March 7'" 1748 ■•• ■•• -^ His Excellency, by 
the Secretary, Sent to this house, his answer to their 

Oentlemen of the Council I thank you for your 
Address, So full of Duty and Loyalty to his Majesty, 
and of tender regard to his people of New^ Jersey; and 
unless effectual measures Shall be fallen upon by all 
the parts of the Legislature before The end of this Ses- 
sion of Assembly I shall desire your advice and assist- 
ance the B3tter to enable me in representing the dis- 
tressed Condition of this Province to his Majesty, and 
imploring 'Jiis royall aid for Saving this People from 
Ruin and destruction. 

Burlington March 7'' 1748. J. Belcher 


Letter from James Alexander to Cadwallader Coldeu 
— relative to the riots. 

IFroiii Orif^inal Draft in Riithei-furd Collection. Vol. IV. \k 4!). | 

New York March 7^^' 1747-8 

D' Sir [Extract.] 

As I have been so long absent in Jersey, & takeji up 
with Congratulations Since I came home I know of no 
news of this place to write -^ ■• "■'■ I believe 
you'll wonder how the cry of the rioters came to be 
raised against tlie proprietors, when you are informed 
how little cause they had for it. — they said the only 
Spring of their motion at the beginning was the f i-auds 
& abuses put upon them by the proprietors & that it 
was notoriously known that the proprietors sold the 
Same lands two or three times & that multitudes were 
So imposed on 

from that time to the finishing of the Session was 
time Enough to have gathered proofs of their charge 
which they wei'e so challenged to prove and accord- 
ingly at the l)egiiming of the Session & from time to 
time Dureing the Sitting of it, they Laid before the 
Legislature numbers of papers of Complaints & affi- 
davits for proof thereof, all which were duely weighed 
and Considered both by the Council & Assembly, and 
the whole proofs did not make appear any one case 
from the Settlement of New Jersey in 1(!(]5 to this day 
where the proprietors had Sold the Same Land tAvice 
nor that any Single proprietors had so ever done but 
where Compensation Either was had oi" may as yet be 
had by the ordinary Course of the Law and as to the 
3 Cases Expected the jn-oofs did not make it api)ear 
that •> pei'sons had l)een imposed on l)y them without 


recompense, which falls far short of 50 the Latitude 
which the prop" ...?... in their challenge on that 

As I think it must be a wonder to see such a Cry 
raised and So many riots Treasons & Distm'bances 
committed by people in Consequence of their belief of 
the Cry when it was so groundless. So I think its no 
Less a wonder that the proprietors of East Jersey who 
in the year 10S2 were 24 in number & continually En- 
creasing in number Since by Selling parts of their 
shares Should in all that time have so Comported 
themselves that no one thing unjust or unrighteous 
Either to white or indean people could be proved on 
them, the numerous Slanders in respect to both were 
Spread of them by the rioters & by their printed 
papers, which were fully answered by the prop" three 
publications and M' Nevils speeches' of which I believe 
you had coppys before you went from hence at least I 
ordered James Parker to give you them, nor have the 
rioters attemj^ted to Deny any material fact of all 
these publications, Except one fact on the first publi- 
cation which fact by affidavit printed in the prop'" 
Second publication was proved true, no cause can be 
assigned for the Last wonder but the Checks that the 
Council of prop" has over the particular proprietors by 
Stopping their Dividends, till they have done whats 
Just in relation to their proprietors, whenever they 
have notice of any Deviation from Justice concerning 
them for no doubt they are as other men Some good 
Some bad. 

I have now got over by the Oswego the 8"' & 9"' 
volumes of the Abridgment of the Philosophical trans- 
actions of the Royal Society which bring them to 1744 

• See Elizabeth Town Bill in Chancery, pp. 25 and New York Weeklj- Post-Boj'. 
May 19th and May 29th, 1746.— Ed. 
- From whose press they issued.— Ed. 


& I have got the })articular transactions since the 
Abridgments End in which there are many very curi- 
ons things — One is a Discovery from Tonqnin which 
Joins to China, that Musk is a Specifick for all Spasms 
Convulsions & putrid fevers. Musk has long been 
known to be good in these, but Seldom al)Ove half a 
grain of it was given in any Dose, whereas its found 
it can be Safely administered from 10 to 2-i grains in a 
Dose, one very remarkable case amongst many others 
mentioned was, that one was Exi)iring, his Legs cold, 
& his teeth Shut So that nothing could be administred 
at the mouth, the Phisitian for a tryal ordered a 
Clyster strong with musk, which recovered the patient, 
— the way of operation is by Sweat & sleep one has 
Slept o() hours with it at a time wl^ien the patient 
wakes he finds himself refreshed & not with that 
wearyness that opium Leaves — it cures the hydropho- 
bia in its worst State, Maniacks, hystericks &c •■ "■ 


Letter from Governor Belcher to Rev. Aaroit Burr — 
relating to the new College. 

IFrom a Copy amons Belcher Papers in the Library of the N. J. Hist. Soc^] 

Burlington March 21 1747-8 


Your favour of 21: Ulti has been a Long Time find- 
ing the way, being brought me but this Morning by 
one Mr Johnson who takes care of this — you cannot 
be m<n-e thouglifull and Solicitous for the growth and 
Prosperity of my adopted Daughter our future Alma 

116 ADMIKISTEATIOX OF governoh bklcher. [1748 

mater than I am.' In order to the perfecting the 
Chartei' you know it will be Necessary that I go to 
Phil^ and which I intend soon — you say a Com'encemt 
is designed the 3'' Wednesday of May next so I will 
try to get the Charter to you before that Time — I 
much approve of a wise frugality at the Solemnity 
you mention more Especially in our Infant dayes for I 
think the too common Extravagancies and Debauchery 
at such times can be no honour to what may Laudably 
pride itself in being called a Seminary of Religion & 
Learning so soon as the Charter can be compleated a 
meeting of the Trustees will be very proper and Neces- 
sary No obstacles will discourage me from from pur- 
suing this noble design Sed ad astra pei- Aspera — I 
cannot write positively of my being at Newark — not 
knowing what advices I may have by the Ship Ex- 
pected from England — but God Sparing my Life and 
Nothing Extraordmary preventing I will Indeavour to 
have that Pleasure. I am much obliged for your kind 
Wishes in my Administration in which I assure you I 
have no Views or Aims but to promote the Kings 
honour* and Interest in the happiness and Welfare of 
His province of Nova Ccesarea or New Jersey and to 
be accepted of the Multitude of my Brethren while I 

' Measures were taken during the administration of Governor Morris to obtain a 
charter for a college, but without success, and not until October 22d, 1746, wtis there 
one obtained, during the administration of President Hamilton, but nothing had 
been done before the arrival of Governor Belcher to perfect the institution. Soon 
after he reached New Jersey Governor Belcher interested himself to secure a more 
perfect chartei-, and otherwise to promote its success (See previous Letters). 
On the Mth September, 1748, the second charter passed the great seal of the 
Province, and continues to be the fundamental instrument of the institution (modi- 
fled in some few instances by subsequent legislation) to the present time. Under 
its title of the College of New Jersey, it had first entered upon its career of useful- 
ness under its first charter in May, 1747, at Elizabethtown, but the death of the 
Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, tlie President, shortlj' after, caused a suspension of the 
institution and the removal of the eight students belongmg to it to Newark, where 
the college was revived imder the Presidency of the Rev. Aaron Burr; the first 
Commencement being held on the 9th November, 1748; and there conthiued until 
1750, when it was removed to Princeton, the first building erected there being 
named by Governor Belcher " Nassau Hall." — Maclean's College of New Jersey: 
Atkinson's History of Newark, p. 64. — Ed. 


am Seeking the Wealth of this People and speaking 
peace to their Seed will he a great favour of God and 
the Joye of my declining Life — Amen. * "•' - 

Rev'^ Sir Your Friend &c. 
Mr Burr. J. Belcher. 

Letter from Governor Belcher to James Alexxtuder — 
about Expedition against Croivn Point. 

[From a Copy among Belcher Papers in the Library of the N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Burlington April 2, 1 748 
Mr. Alexander New York 


I have a Letter hy this Post from his Excellency 
your Governour about an Expedition intended against 
Crown Point and hoping this Province will Join in it 
of wiiich I have answered that there seems to me no 
likelyhood and have referred him to you for further 
Particulars so I would pray you to wait on His Excel- 
lency w^ith the printed Journals and Let him read my 
Message and the Assemblys Answ-er oii that head. 
Wisliing you better health and freedom from Pain 
and with my best compliments to Your Lady & to all 
your fine Family — I am 

Honb'' Sir Your Friend &c. 
J. Belcher. 


Letter from, Governor Belcher to Rev. Mr. Pembertoyi — 
about the College. 

[From a Copy among Belcher Papers in the Library of the N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Burlington April 2 1848 
Mr Pemberton. 


I am favoured with yours of 26 and 8 Ult"' and take 
a particular Notice of all you say about the Affair of 
the College w^hicli I again assure you lyes near my 
heart — and the 21"^ of last month I answered a Letter 
I had reqeived from Mr Burr about the New Charter 

I must make a Trip to Phila' which I cannot do till 
the week after next — as to the Matter of the President 
of the Trustees I think Mr Burr was convinced with 
what I said that it would be best to be always the 
Kings Governour for the time being which may be of 
service on many Accounts he is to be Confuied to a 
Single Vote nor is he to call or Adjourn a Meeting but 
in Conformity to the Constitution — It is now 30 years 
since my first being one of the Trustees of Harvard 
College by Vertue of my being A Member of His 
Majestys Council for the Massachusetts bay and I 
could never observe any Inconveniency in that part of 
that Charter However I will consider & talk further 
with some of the Trustees on this Article and will 
give what dispatch I can to the Charter and send it to 
Newark where I should be fond of being the 3'^ 
V\7'ednesday of next Moneth yet as I have so much to 
write to the other side o'th' Water I think it wiU be 
Impracticable, but if the Commencement could be put 
off to 2 moneths longer God sparing my Life and 


health I would indeavour to be there nor do I see any 
great inconveniency or charge it would be to the Can- 
didates for degrees so to order the Matter — As the 
passage of Letters from hence to Newark is very 
uncertain I would pray you as soon as this gets to 
hand to send Mr Burr a Copy of what I write about 
the College and then give me by the first j^ost your 
and his Answer that I may have Time to conform my 
affairs to be at Newark in July if the matter should be 
so determined. * * * '- 

I am Rev' Sir your Friend. 
J. Belcher. 

Letter from James AJcrcmder to Ferdinand John 
Paris — about Dirision Line hetn^een Ne/v Jersey 
d' Nevj Vork &c. 

[From the Orisiual among the Papers of Mr. Paris in New Jersey Historical Socie- 
ty Library, Bundle H. No. 4.] 

New York April lO"' 174<s. 


Since the middle of Noveiiilxn- last, I have Si)ent 
most of my time at Burlington in New Jersey, during 
a long Session of Assembly, which Sat I hear till the 
Nineteenth of February: Some acts are passM by that 
Legislature, which I hope will putt an End to the ])i)st 
Disorders, and Restoi'o peace to that Province " "■• '"' - 
My l)eing Continually Engaged, So long, at Burlington, 
wliich is Eighty Miles from This place Is the Cause 
that you have been So long without any letter from 
me, in answer to Severals of yours that I have 
Receiv(Ml. * * * * * * 

I have Several Letters from you. Concerning the 
Coppies of the papers requested for The proprietors 


from Board of Trade &c, which papers Seem to be 
many more Than I dreamt of and am under not a lit- 
tle Anxiety, for fear of the Charge thereof, having 
wrote for Them as a Council for the Propietors, as 
things necessary in Their Cause, without any Express 
order from Them, to do it; and, Should the Charge 
amount to any Great Sum, I am afraid I shall be 
Blamed by Them, for my forwardness on That head. 

* -X- # -;f -;5- •;<- * -x- -x- * -x- 

The Proprietors have, at last, prevailed on the New 
Jersey Assembly to pass The Act for running the Divi- 
sion Line between New Jersey and New York, in 
which, last year, you Retained the Attorney and 
Solicitor Generall, for Obtaining The Royall Assent 
to it, I have got an Exemplification of it under Seal, 
and Shall Serve the Governor, Council and Assembly 
of New York, with Coppies of it. We Expect Great 
opposition from New York: for New York has been 
without an Agent, for a Dozen Years past, but now, 
This Spring, They have appointed Robert Charles for 
Their Agent: and its Supjjosed, princijially, to Oppose 
the Royall Assent to this Act; So That we are hke to 
have the purse of This province of New York to 
oppose us, a Small number of private Men; which we 
doubt not will Induce you to be as f rugall, as Possible 
for us, in This Affair. We think of Considering fully 
what they have Objected, and Can possibly Object: 
and to Send you Evidences to obviate Such Objections- 
we do not Send the Act to you, at This Time. 

On the Ninth of This Month, a Motion and order 
was made by the Assembly of New York, as p-" Their 
Minutes, in These words. 

"A motion was made by M^ Gale in the words fol- 
lowing Viz.'' 

''As I am credibly Informed, That an Act has been 
" lately passed by the Legislature of the Pj-ovince of 
"New Jersey, for Settling the Boundaries between 


"that Province and this; Which, in its Consequences 
'' may Greatly Affect the i)roperties of Many of the 
"Inhabitants of this Colony, and Tend to Lessen and 
" Impair his Majestees Revenue Ai'ising by Quit rents: 
"I humbly move, that M' Speaker maybe directed 
"to wiite to M'' Charles, Agent for this Colony in 
' ' Great Brittain, To use his Endeavours That the Said 
"Act may not Receive Royall Assent, untill This 
"Colony have an Opportutnity of making their Objec 
" tions to, and being heard against the Said Act. 

''Ordered, That M' Speaker write to M"- Charles, 
" Agent for this Colony in Great Brittain, to use his 
" Endeavours that the Said Act for Settling tlie Boun- 
" daries between The Provhice of New Jei'sey and 
• ' This Colony, May not Receive the Royall Assent, 
' ' untill This Colony have an Opportunity of Making 
"Their Objections to, and being heard Against The 
"Said Act." 

The Proprietors of East Jersey do now Remitt some 
Moneys to Mess''^ Padlieco and Tavards to be ready to 
be apply ed by you when we Send the Act; which I 
hope may be next Opportunity. 

Governor Belcher, in his General Conduct, I think 
has behaved himself well, Since he Came to his Gov- 
ernment of New Jersey: He enters in The Advice of 
the Quakers: in which, I think, he is Right: for they 
make one Third part of the house of Assembly of New 
Jersey, and Some of Them ai'e the Men of the l)est 
Sense of that house; and Richard Smith one of them 
(whom I formerly, Tho' I believe wrongfully, Sus})ect- 
ed to have wrote against me) and on whom he chiefly 
Relies, is, by much, the Man of the best Sense and In- 
terest in that house; and if he keeps to his advice, I 
doubt not, he will make liimself, and the Province 
both happy and Easy. 

Governor Belcher has promised Strongly to Recom- 
mend The Said Act for the Royall Assent: being very 


Sensible of the Dangers that have akeady Ensued 
and are like to Ensue, by the delay of it. 

What you desired to be private in Some of your 
Letters, has not been communicated to any one. 

I am, &.C. 
Jas. Alexander. 

Lettei' from James Alexander to John Coxe — not 
advisable to have the Assembly dissolved, &c. 

[From Papers of James Alexander, Vol. I, No. 73, in Rutherfurd CoUeetion.] 

To John Coxe Esq"" Trenton 

New York May 2^^ 1748. 

5Vr * - * * * 

As I Can't be at Burlington at the time of the 
Supream Court to Assist them in Council, as you 
desire my opinion, its' Sincerely this; — That I do not 
think it will be prudent to Dissolve the present Assem- 
bly till we be v/ell Assured that the peace of the prov- 
ince is Restored, which it Cannot be Said to be, untill 
the Rioters accept of the Act of Grace, According to 
the Tenor thereof — Should the new Elections be 
Sooner, Rioting & force and violence wdll very proba- 
bly Govern many of the Elections, and quiet men will 
be drove from them, vv^hich will bring new Jersey into 
a more deplorable State than ever it has been as yett. 

There is a Majority of Good and Reasonable men in 
the present Assembly, who I believe will do all thats 
Absolutely necessary and Just; indeed the Assembly 
would be much better, if Some few that are in it, wei-e 
out of it, but by a Dissolution it's very uncertain that 


they will be left out, and if rioting and violence Should 
prevail at the Elections its very probable that they and 
more Such will Come in 

Upon the whole I am humbly of opinion, that there's 
no Necessity of Dissolving the present Assembly; but 
Great danger Should they be dissolved, before the 
peace of the province be Restored and Secured, which 
I am in great doubt whether it be so at preseiit, as I 
hear the Rioters are very impudent as yett; and have 
no thoughts of Accepting the Act of Grace — very pos- 
sibly the hopes of the dissolution of this Assembly, 
and of their Carrying the new Elections by violence, 
may be one of the motives to their present temper. 

I have heard that John Low intended Speedily to 
wait on his ExcelP' to Recommend officers Civil and 
Military for the County of Essex — if his Ex^ should 
be prevailed on to accept of his Recommendation I 
believe you and every man (not a Rioter) must think 
it of Dangerous Con sequences to the province —for the 
view must be to Restore himself to The good Graces 
of the Rioters, by putting all offices into their hands. 
There's too many Rioter officers there already, who 
ought to be purged out. I am Informed that M' Ogden 
with Mess'.** Schuylers, have made a list and given it to 
the Chief Justice to be laid by him before his Excel- 
lency, if any Change is to be, it would Seem much 
more Safe to be by their Opinion, than by that of M' 
Low. Whereupon I humbly Concieve his Exci*' Should 
be Extreemly Cautious what Recommendations he 
takes as to Essex and Bergen, v/here the Rioters have 
most prevailed; and So Should the Council in advising; 
and better Lett them Stand as they are, than to Intro- 
duce a Greater number of Rioters into the offices of 
the Government — and Should Renewing the Connnis- 
sions fc»r those two Counties be delayed till the next 
Sessions of Assembly at Amboy, when the Eastern 
Councillors Can Attend, who are most proper to advise 


as those Counties, I huirably Concieve would be most 
Kational; for should his Excell.^ be prevailed on to 
encrease the number of Rioters into offices, it will lay 
the Council under an Absolute necessity of Laying a 
Representation of the Matter before him in order to 
the Alteration of those Commissions again There's 
none of the Eastern Councellors that live in Essex or 
Bergen, but most of them have Estates in both Coun- 
ties, which may be much Affected by the officers there 
to be Commissioned; wherefore I doubt if your opinion 
be ask'd on that head you'll Either advise the taking 
the list for Essex that Chief Justice Morris will recom- 
mend : or delay any Change till next Session of Assem- 
bly when the Eastern Councellors (most proper to 
advise in the Matter) Can be advised with. 

-;f -:f -;:- * j think of nothing further needfull at 
present but remain &c 

Ja: Alexander 

Letter from Governor Belcher to James Logan, of 
P1iiladeJj)liia — ahovt Charter for the Colleje. 

[From a Copy among Belcher Papei's in the Library of tlie N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Burlington May 12 1748 
Mr Logan 

Sir [Extract.] 

* -Jf * ■;{•**** 

I believe Sir you may have heard of y" Design of 
building a College in this province the better to Com- 
mode y" Education of the youth here and in the 
Neighbour''' provinces and for which I have been 
apply'd to for a Charter according to y' Draft I take 


the Liberty to Inclose for your perusal and as the 
World agree in placing you in the first class of Learn- 
ing of the English America — ^The Principal Errand of 
this is to ask your Leave to Set youi' Name at the 
head of the Trustees which I shall Esteem as a great 
Prop and Ornam' to this infant Society' — altho you 
Labour under Inlirmities of Body yet I was glad to 
find your Intellectual Faculties so healthy and Clear 
Metamen Molestat Quod Dominas Logan (sient Galba) 
exi)ostulare com])ulsus Est Anima Logani male habi- 
tat. May God grant you Ease till in his best time he 
receives you to Ins (lloi'y "" * "'' 

I am Hone )'■''' Sir Your most (31)edient, &c. 

J. Belcher. 

Letter from James Ale.vander to Ferdinaud John 
Paris — on the Division Line t)etn'een New York 
and New Jersey. 

[From the Original among the Papers of Mr. Paris in N. J. Hist. Soc. Library. 
Bimdle H, No. 4.] 

New York May H\^ 1748 

Sir Before is Coppy of a Letter which I wrote to 
you p'- the Oswego:' Since which M"" Read Seci-etary 
of New Jersey has, at My request, Acquainted me 
that Coppies of the Acts passed last Sessions of Assem- 
bly in Jersey, do go to The Secretary of State and 
Board of Trade, by the Brigantine Richd, Cap' Burk 
from Philadelphia; and amongst Them, The Act for 
runing the Division Line between New York and New 

' Mr. Logan objected to being made a Trustee.— Ed. 
■^ Letter under date of April ICth, 1748.— Ed. 


We are here preparing Exemplifications and other 
proofs to go to you Under the Great Seals of New 
York and New Jersey, to Obviate all The Objections 
That we apprehend the New York Gentlemen will 
make to it; and with those we Shall Send you proof 
of Service of Coppy of the Act upon Governor C^ouncil 
and Assembly of New York, under one of The S'' 
Great Seals as you advised; but we Think it will take 
up Several Months, as yett, to prepare all these Things; 
wherefore to Save Time, if Cap* Burk arrives with the 
Acts, we Think it may be advisable, that you in The 
mean time proceed in The Application for the Roy all 
Assent to the Said Act; upon which, we doubt not, 
the New York Agent will first Insist to have time to 
Give New York Government Notice of the Application 
and to Send hither for Instructions * ^^ * * 
But, if he has not Received his Instructions what 
Objections to Make to the Act it may be reasonable to 
Stay Some Time for That purpose, but Endeavour 
That it be as Short as possible; but I hope the proof 
preparing, may be with you before This Contest about 
Time and Delay does happen. 

As Governor Belcher promised to me to Recommend 
This Act for the Royall assent. In the Strongest man- 
ner, I submitt it to you whether you ought not to see 
M'' Partridge his Brother in Law, Agent for New Jer- 

with This Application; by which you May 

Gett the Bennefitt of That Recommendation and in 
Case This affair Should be drawn into Length (as I 
Doubt not the New York Gentlemen will Endeavour, 

as they have Got the Assembly to be at 

opposition) we may the Readier in that Case Gett any 
further Recommendation from Gov!' Belcher that may 
be Conceived Necessary 

But I hope we Shall be Able to put the answer to all 
The Objections They Can make, in so Clear a Light, 
That There Shall be no Good Ground for protracting 


the aifair beyond one bearing at Each Board, wliicb 
we Lay our Account with. That They will Insist on 
having, were it only for Delay, and if Possible, Thereby 
to worry us out I am Sir 

Your most humble Servant 

Ja: Alexander 
Ferdinando John Paris Esq' Surrey Street London 

Letter from John CUxve to James Alexander — in answer 
to Ju's of May M. 

[From James AIexanilei"s Papers, Vol. VII. No. 74, in Rutherfiirci Collection.! 

30'^ May 1748 Trenton 

I Received Your favour of the 2'' Instant and as 
Afairs are Scituated in this Province I Much Approved 
of the Advice you (ilave— When we Came to Burling- 
ton there were Six of us Who Attended And one of 
the things proposed for our Advice Was the dissolu- 
tion of the Assembly. I had Communicated the Con- 
tents of your Letter to No One but James Hude, the 
rest joined us in Opinion, And We unanimously 
Advised the Governonr not to dissolve the Assembly 
Which he Agreed to And Says he designs to meet 
them at Amboy Sometime in August or thereabouts. 

I heard Nothing of Any A[)plicatioii from Low or 
Crane or from Any other person eithei- in Essex or 
Bergen, And if there was Any Such Attempt as you 
Mention it is kept very Close; but one Remarkable 
Circumstance happened which May afford Some light 
into the intentions About Court which was this — As 
the Gov' had Said he would take the Advice of the 


Councill in the Appointment of Officers, And would 
issue New Commissions to the Several Countys, M' 
Leonard Who had heard of the thing (but whether 
Wrote to or Not I Cannot Say) brought A list of 
Magistrates to Town with him, And the Morning 
before he went to Councill Shewed it to me As I found 
Dunstars Name was left out. And As I had heard by a 
Hint from diaries Eeed that the Govern' was resolved 
to leave him out of Commission, I was determined to 
Know the Governours Reason for this piece of Con- 
duct, And Asked M' Ijeonai'd how he came to l)e omitted 
in the list, Who freely told Me he Understood the 
Governour was Not inclined to include him in the 
New Commissions — I therefore insisted Upon his put- 
ting in his Name and delivering it into Councill which 
he Accordingly did, So when this Afair came upon the 
Carpet the Governour Communicated to us the list but 
Assured us he would Not Appoint one of them And 
Said he Meant M' Dimstar, Upon Which I desired to 
Know his reason he Said he was a person of a very 
immoral life And Character that he was disaffected to 
the present Govei'nment and Made Use of treasonable 
Expressions, And Kept A Woman in the House. I 
Answered As to his treasonable Expressions he had 
Allready been Cleared by a Tryall by his Country, And 
therefore was to be presumed innocent, and that we 
had No right to trye him Again Much less Convict 
him upon hear say and tittle Tattle, And as to keeping 
a person in the House Perhaps it Might Not be So pru- 
dent in him but he Might be Marryed to her for all we 
Knew, And I thought it was descending from the 
Character of Governour And Councill to inquire Mi- 
nutely into the private Afayrs of a family. — he said as 
to the first that S' John Cope And others had been 
Acquitted in England but No body thought them the 
less Guilty — As to the Second he was Ordered by the 
Kings Instructions to Suffer No Man to remain in 


Office Who was of bad Character. I very freely told 
him that by the Same Instructions he was Ordered to 
turn No Man out without the Advice of the C-ouncill, 
and I Opposed his turning out M' Dunstar without 
Advice Which I declared I would Not Give without M' 
Dunstar upon a full hearing (if he inclined to have it) 
Appeared to me to be Guilty of Such faults As wei'e 
Sufficient to displace him — I told him however it was 
disguised I took it to be a piece of Artifice Made Use 
of by the Rioters to Strike at the Proprietors Interest, 
And that this would be Construed to be An Advantage 
(rained by them, he insisted that No person in the 
Rioters Interest had Ever applyed to him for that 
purpose, I Mentioned they had Secret friends who 
perhaps he Might look upon in Another light, And 
tho the Rioters would Not Openly Appear in it Yet, 
it was Easy to perceive Some of their friends were at 
the bottom of it, — he was at last ])revailed upon to 
drop the whole Commission till M' Dunstar Was 
Served by the Complainants With Articles of the 
Charges that he Might have An Opportunity of An- 
swering if he thought proper and before A larger 
Councill, My principal view being to Give Dunster 
time to Consult you And his other friends Who Could 
best advise him What Steps to take. — You know Sonie 
of our Brethr" Are apt to be Complaisant Enough to 
Gov'" and 1 thought it Not j)roi)er to Push the thing 
Any further at that time— We had A long dis])ute 
Al)Out the Power of the Councill he was in Efect for 
Making of us Solemn Witnesses to his Appointments 
by Consenting to Persons he Should Name & propose 
And I insisted On what I concieved to be our rights — 
Which at last Ended in a declaration that tho his Sen- 
timents were So Yet he would Not appoint officei's 
Without Advice of Councill — how far that May be 
depended on is Another Matter. — Tho I Mi'^ht have 
been Much longer if I had Entered into ])arti('ulai-s 



More than I have yet I Could Not Willingly be Shorter, 
that I might Enable you to form A Judgment of the 
Disposition of the Court and What Steps may be 
Necessary to be taken on D mister's behalf. * ^' * 
I am S!^ Yo^ 

Most obed^ and Most humble Serv' 

Jn° Coxe 

Proceedings of Pennsylvania Provincial Council, 
June 2d, 1748. 

I From Pennsylvania Colonial Records. Vol. V, p. '-iGn.] 

At a Council held at Philada., Thursday 2*^ 
June, 1748 

The Honoble, Anthony Palmer Esq^ President, 
Thomas Lawrence, Abraham Taylor, 1 

Robert Strettell, Benjamin Shoemaker, I 
Lawrence Growden, Thomas Hopkinson, [' 
William Logan, 

- Esqrs. 

A Letter from Governor Belcher by Express was read 

in these words: 

"Upon an Express I received this Day from Salem 
of several French Privateers being come up Delaware 
Eiver as far as New Castle & the Mouth of Salem 
Creek, a number of good hearty young Fellows has 
been with me to offer themselves for the Service of 
their King & Country, by making a Cruise in one of 
Your arm'd Vessels, and the bearer. John Jolly, wlio 
is very forward in the affair, cariies this to Your 


Honour to be inform VI how forward your Vessels, and 
on what Terms Men enter upon them, and I hope these 
brisk young fellows will find Encouragement. 

"I am, S', Your Honour's most obed* Servant 

"J. Belcher. 
" Burlington May 31st, 1748 
''The Honoble, the Presid!" 

To which the President returned the following 

"The Spirit shewn by the good People of New Jer- 
sey is truly commendable, & the Council is oblig'd to 
Your Excellency for the dispatch with which You 
have been pleas'd to impart to us this generous offer; 
but, alas, on the Assembly's absolutely refusing to fur- 
nish Money, we think no Vessels of force are likely to 
be fitted out. If there shou'd be any alteration of 
measures, the brave young men of your Province will 
be the first in our remembrance & have early notice 
"I am Your Honour's most obedient Servant 

"Anthony Palmer. 

"Philada, i>'' June, 174-8. 

" The Hoiioble, J. Belcher, Esq'"— 

Letter from Ferdiuarid John Paris to James Alexan- 
der — aboid Neiv Jersey Affairs. 

[From Original Draft amonji; the Papf^rs of F. J. Paris in N. ,J. Uist. Soc. Library. 
Buiullell. No. 0.] 

To Jainey Alexander Esq'" New York 

Surry Street London lO, June 1748 

Sir 1 Extracts. 1 

1 am favoured with your L're of the 1('>"' of A[>iJl 
on many Aft"airs, whereto I am now to return you my 
Answer, And Am very well pleased that the New Jer- 


sey Assembly have strengthen'd the hands of the Gov- 
ernm* & put an End to the late Riots & Outrages 
equally Destructive of Governm^' & property. The 
Acts for that purpose I have not yet seen. Nor had the 
Board of Trade, as yesterday recVd Any One Act, or 
So much as a Letter, from Gov' Belchei-, since his 
arrival with you, w'ch is thought strange. As to what 
may be ])rinted of the ])roprietors publications, I have 
not yet rec'ed y favour, you intended me, of Any 
Copy thereof, nor do I know whom to apply to, for 
the Same, You not having men!' to whom the same 
wei-e Sent. '' "' -^^ * ^ * 

I suppose you have rec'ed before this time my Acco' 
of the full expense of the j^apers from the Boai'd of 
Trade; having sent you Duplicates, if not Triplicates 
thereof, the whole Amount relating thereto was 07. 7. 
4, & Shall be sorry if the Number of the papers, or the 
papers, or the amount of the expense, sho-' Occasion 
any Sort of uneasiness. Had the Board of Trade 
indulged me with Copy of all their Minutes, On y'" 
Transacc'on relating to y' Surrender of the Governm^ 
of New Jersey (w'ch I thought to be material to you 
& were warranted by yo' L're of 27 Apr 1.747 to have 
been got out) to be Sure the expense would have been 
thrice y" Sum, that it is now. So that its happy that 
y'' Board, (so farr) rejected my demand for y' greater 
p* of those. * * '' * " * 

When the Act for running the Division Line between 
New Jersey & New York comes over, you may please 
to rely On my best endeavors for yo' Service, more 

especially as you to Send me Such full 

Instru's. As far as 1 yet conceive this is only a pre- 
paratory Step, in ord' to y' running that Division Line 

..... some how or other And if how, or 

where, it shall run, may be an o^ distinct matter. 
However be it one, or the other, I think I have been 
concerned in y' Settlement of All y' Boundaries of y^ 


provinces in America w'ch have hap'ned in my time & 
will give it my best Assistance, with what prudent 

frugality may be but a Cause for Settlem' of 

Boundary is of all others, the most unlikely to admit 
of much frugality, for in their nature, they are by farr 
expensive than any Others vv'ch I was ever acquainted 
with But, upon ol)serving what is men'' in the 
Vote of y'' New York Assembly, I wish we may be 
able to hold the Att^ & Soil' Gen'.', who to be Sui-e, are 
farr y best Councill for you altho they were retained; 
for I see that y'' New York Vote Supposes y' y'' Kings 
Revenue of Quit rents there is to be lessened & im- 
paired & if that appears to be so, the sworn officV' of 
y' Crown will not tliink themselves at liberty to stand 
ag!^ y? Interest of y'' Crown " * * " "" * 

I am glad the Gov" Behaviour, hitherto, has been to 
Satisfac'on, And hope he will continue to please, But 
yet I have my Apprehensions that he will be, what he 
has been. He is gratefuU & he is wise too, in having 
a regard to the Quakers It was that body of people 
most undoubtedly, who gott him the Govern m' And I 
have in Justice to him, acquainted Sev" of the Leading- 
men Amongst those people, how well he has hitherto 

I have not more at p'sent but to assure you that 1 
I'emain with the greatest respect 

S': yo'' m' Ob' h" Serv' 
Feed John Paris. 


Letter of Goiiernor Belcher to the Duke of Bedford, 
one of the Sec7rtnries of State — Proclamation for 
enforcing the prohibition of Commerce witJi the 

[From P. R. O. American and West Indies, Vol. XIV, p. 85.] 

May it please your Grace 

The 15"' instant, I receiv'd the great honour, of your 
Graces Letter, of the 251'' feb'- last and am first of all, 
with great Duty, and deference, to Congratulate your 
Grace, in the Kings appointment of you, to be one of 
his Majesties principle Secretaries, of State, and direct- 
ing you to take the Southern department — Whereby 
as one of his Majesties American Governors, I have 
the happiness, to fall under your Graces more im'edi- 
ate Care, and orders — In Duty therefore to his Majesty, 
I shall have the honour, to transmit to your Grace, 
from time to time, such things of this Government, as 
may relate to his Majesties honour, and Service, or to 
the good of his people, under my Care. 

I, shall order the Kings Proclamation, your Grace 
has sent me, for enforceing the Prohibition of Com- 
merce between his Majesty's Subjects, and those of the 
french King to be inserted in the publick News Papers 
here, and shall give directions, that the same be 
Strictly Observed 

And here your Grace will give me leave to inform 
you, that for a great part of the time, of the present 
Warr, A Vile, illicite Trade, has been carryed on (in 
two pubhck a manner) between his Britannick Majestys 
Subjects (of severall of the Kings Provinces, on this 
Continent, and the Subjects of the French (& Catho- 
lick) King, in a plentifull Supply, of Provisions, and 
other things, to the Kings Enemys; whereby they 


h[ive been enabled to make great Depredations, on the 
Kings Subjects, and have much ruin'd the Enghsh 
Markets abroad, as well as Supply 'd the Ships of Warr 
of the Kings Enemies in the west Indeis — And all this, 
my Lord Duke, has been done under Colour vt pre- 
tence, of Flags of Truce, for Exchange of Prisoners on 
one side and the other— but 1 hope the Kings repeated 
orders forbidding this Cruel, wicked, and dishonoui-a- 
ble Trade, will put an End to it 

I wish Your Grace, and your Noble Family, all the 
Blessings you would Ask of Heaven, and am, with the 
most Profound regard My Lord Duke — 

Your Graces Most Obeydient Most Devoted 

and Most Humble Servant 
J. Belcher. 

Burlington New Jersey June 20"' IT-ts. 

Letter from Gorenior Belcher to Governor Shirley, of 
Massachusetts— about a proposed nieetimj at 
Athany to confer with the Indians. 

IFi-oin a Cupy lUUdiis tlit- Belcher Papers in Library of X. J. Hist. Sueiety] 

[Burlington] June 23, 1748 
His Excellency Governour Shirley 

Yesterday the post brought Me your Excellencys 
favour of the 11. Instant with a Vote of your Assem- 
bly and Councill requeeting your Excellencys behig at 
an Interview Govern our Clinton intends to have the 
10. of next Month at Albany with the Six Nations, and 
that you have also the Kings Commands to Join with 
Mr Chnton in this Matter; A Ship lately to New York 


brought Me Dispatches from His Grace the Duke of 
Bedford now Secretary of State (for the Southern 
Department) in which he mentions Nothing of this 
Affair. However as I fully fall in wjj,h your Assem- 
bly in the Expediency of Commissioners from all the 
Governments being at the Interview Gov"^ Clinton has 
Appointed I Shall direct the Council of this Province 
to be Sum'on'd to Meet here with all the dispatch they 
can But as there are onely two of the Council in this 
Town and most of the Rest live at a distance (Some 
above 50 Miles) I can't expect to see the Council till 
the next week, then I shall lay your Excellencys Let- 
ter with what it inclosed before them and ask their 
Advice whether they judge it proper to call the Assem- 
bly of this Province on this Occation, For I See your 
Excellency has proceeded in it with the Advice and 
Consent of your whole Legislature, and in which I 
follow your prudent ExamjDle indeed your Excellency 
knows and so do I that the Governours of these Plan- 
tations must fall into this Track where M.? is Necessary 
to do the Business. By what I have Said your Excel- 
lency wilPreadily Perceive there can be no Expectation 
of Commissioners from this Government at the time 
you Mention, and Since the Membei's of this Legisla- 
ture live So Scattered and remote from (3ne Another I 
Must pray your Excellency in Any future Affairs you 
may be Commanded by the King to lay before this 
Government That you would do it Early and Season- 
ably that so it may not Miscarry for want of Time to 
bring it into Execution — I am with Much Respect 
Sr Your Excellencys Most Obedient 
& Most Humble Serv' 
• J. Belcher 


Letter from Gorernor Belcher to tJie Duke of Bedford, 
Secretary of State. 

|Fi-(>m P. R. O. America and West Indies, Vol. XIV, )). 80.1 

Burlington |N Jj June 24'.*^ 1748/ 

May it please your Grace 

I had the Honour, to write your (Irace, the 2uV' of 
this month, and in Ohedience, to His Majestys Orders 
I am now to Acquaint your Grace; 

That the General Assembly, of this Province, had a 
Session (the last Winter) of upwards 13 Weeks, all 
things that had Dependance, on the Legislature, of 
this Province, having been in a Manner Stagnated, for 
Many Years together, before my Arrival; This with 
some Difference in Opinion, between His Majestys 
Council, and the assembly, Necessarily Carry 'd the 
Session, into such a Length ; However I am Glad To 
tell Your Grace, that in tlie Practice, of Patience, and 
Moderatic^n, the Council and assembly fell into a Good 
Agreement, in passing lit Acts, to whicli 1 Gave my 
assent; as Judging them, well .adapted, to the Better 
Supporting the Kings Authority, and Intrest, in this 
province; and for advancing the Wellfare, and pr(3s- 
})erity of this People (and which indeed are with me. 
but One and the Same thing) and I have now the 
Honour, to Transmit to your Grace: — 

The Several Acts that were past, Each of them 
Separate, under the Public seal. 

Transcripts of the Journals, of the Council. 

' A similar letter was written to the Duke of Newcastle April 'JScI, 1748, a copy of 
which is in the Belcher Paper-; in the Library of the New Jersey Historical Society- 
The Duke was srcceec'ed 1 y the Drke c)f Bedford in February, lilS.— Ed. 


And the Printed Journals, of the General Assembly. 

Richard Partridge, Esq!', is Agent, at the Court of 
Great Britain, for this Province, and Will make His 
Humble application, for your Graces favour, in pro- 
curing the Kings Royal Approbation, of the Acts, 
before mentioned, three of which, are not to take 
Effect, till His Majestys Pleasure is known Viz? 

An Act, for making Current, Forty Thousand 
pounds, in Bills of Credit. 

An Act, for the Better Enabling the Judges, and 
Justices, of this Colony to ascertain, and tax Bills, of 
Costs, and for making provision, by Law for the Pay- 
ment, of the Several officers, of the Colony, and for 
Preventing the said officers, from taking Exorbitant 

An Act, for Runing and ascertaining the Line, of 
Partition, & Division betwixt this & the Province of 
New York; 

In Duty to the King, by a Faithf uU Discharge of the 
Trust Reposed in me; I would Humbly ask your 
Graces Kind Regai'd, to this Province, in forwarding 
the Kings Confirmation, of these Acts, with the Rest; 
this Province has always Supported the Credit, of 
their paper Currency rather Better, than any other of 
the Kings Provinces; and as they have Little or no 
Money, in their Treasury, for the Support, of the Gov- 
ernment, for the Defence of themselves, or for the 
assistance, of their Neighbours; if they should want 
or desire it; & unless they can have the Circulation of 
this Forty Thousand pounds. The Kings Subjects, will 
be naked, Exposed, and in Great Confusion; 

LTpon the best Information I can Get, the Table of 
Fees, according to this Act, is much Better, to all the 
Kings Officers, and others, than what is Setled in the 
Neighbouring Colonies, and so it was Represented to 
me, by the officers, of the Customs, and of the Kings 
Courts, and others, Before I give my assent to it, and 


its obtaining the Royal Sanction, I have Reason to 
think, Will prevent many Exorbitant Exactions, ijrac- 
tised in times Past, and give General Content, and 
Satisfaction. — 

That Respecting the Boundaries, hetween New York, 
and this province will Greatly promote the Quiet, and 
peace, of the Kings Subjects, in both provinces: — 

These things I Dutifully Submit, to your Grace, to 
whose wise and kind Care, the King has Committed 
His plantations; at my first arrival in this province; 

I found May it please Your Grace, the Province, in 
Great Disorder and Confusion, from numbers, of Sedi- 
tious Persons, and so it had been for Several Years, 
but at present, things Seem to have a Tendency to 
Quiet and good Order; and the Kings approbation, of 
the Laws, I now send your Grace, will be one of the 
Best Expedients, for Establishing The Tranquillity, of 
this Province, the publick ])apers I now send your 
Grace, are Duplicates, of what I Dispatcht two months 
agoe to His Grace the Duke of New Castle by the 
Brig'^ Burk Master Bound from Philadelphia, to Lon- 
don, who was taken a few Days after he Sail'd, at the 
Mouth of Delaware River; many Months before I got 
hither. Dyed John Hamilton Esci', whereljy there 
became a Vacancy, in the Kings Council, for this 
Province, which by His Majestys Commands. I am to 
Represent to your Grace, raid at the same time, to 
Name a Suitable person, to till up the Vacancy; and to 
this End, I would therefore Humbly mention Charles 
Read Esq-, the j^resent Dep'_^' Secretary of the province, 
One of the Collectors, of His Majestys Customs, and a 
Gentleman Quallified, in all Res[)ects, as Directed in 
His Majestys Royal Insti'uctions to me, on this Head ; 
and he has Desired His Correspondent, M' Partridge, 
to wait upon yoiu' Grace, in the matter I shall with 
great Cal-e, and Duty keep your Gi'ace Constantly 
advis'd, in all tilings, in this ])r()vince. that Respect 


His Majesty s Honour & Service, and at all times, with 
Much pleasure, Obey your Graces Commands. — 
For I am, with all possible Deference 

My Lord Duke Your Graces Most Obedient 
Most FaithfuU and Most Humble Servant. 

J. Belcher. 

Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade- 
about sundry Acts forwarded to them. 

[From a Copy among the Belcher Papers iu Libi-ary of N. J. Hist. Society. | 

[Burlington] June 25 1748 

My Lords 

I did my Self the Honour of writing you the 22 of 
April By a Vessel from Philadelphia One Burk M' for 
London, who was taken a few days aftei' he left that 
Port, I now therefore Send your Lordships Duplicates 
of all that went by Burk and I wish them well to your 
Lordships hands when I hope your Lordships will 
favourably represent the Several Laws past by this 
Assembly for His Majesty s Royal Approbation that 
Especially for Emitting £40000. And that for fixing 
the Table of Fees. My Lords without these Laws I 
fear this Province will be in greater Disorder and Con- 
fusion than they have been yet For there is no Money 
in the Publick Treasury for Support of the Govern- 
ment for defence of the Province or for any Emergency 
What Soever The Neighbouring Gov" are often 
writing to Me to Join with them in defence of these 
Colonies & in Annoying the Kings Enemies, But I 
have been Obliged to Answer there is no M" in this 
Province to defray the Charge and your Lordships 
well know there Can be none without the Kings 


especial Care according to His Majestys JO'^ Royal 
Instruction to me. I would therefore Humbly intreat 
your Lordships giving a favourable Dispatch to the 
said Bill for Emitting £4(X»(K> which I really think will 
he greatly for His Majestys Service and Honour and 
for the Interest and Welfare of His People. 

And so will His Majestys allowance of the Bill for 
fixing the Fees which at present are taken so much 
ad Libitum as to give too much reason for the Cry of 
Injustice and (Oppression. 

Your Lordships Most ol)edient 
& Most Humble Servant, 

Lords of Trade. J. Belcher. 

I In a Letter to the Duke of Bedford, date June L>4'!' 
he wrote " Upon the best Information I can Get the 
Table of Fees according to this Act is much Better to 
all the Kings Officers and others than what is Settled 
in the Neighbouring Colonies."] 

Address of James Alexander, Robert H. Morris and 
Elisha Parker, to the Speaker of the CouhcH of 
Neir York. 

■^ IFroiii N. Y. Col. MSS.. Vol. LXXVI. p. :«.] 

June 25 1748 
M- Speaker of the Council 

Herewith is delivered to you a Copy of an Act passed 
by the Governor, Council and Assembly of New Jer- 
sey, Entitled Au Act for Rinu'ng and Ascertainimj the 
Line of Partition and Division betwixt this Province 
of Neiv Jersey and the Province of New York and 
herewith is Showed to You an Exemplification of the 
Said Act Under the Great Seal of New Jersey; and 


herewith is also deUverecl to you a Copy of a writing 
which was dehvered along with another Coppy of the 
Said Act to his Excellency George Clinton Esq-" Gov- 
ernor of New York; and herewith is also Showed to 
you the Commission to us Under the Great Seal of 
New Jersey mentioned in that writing of the matters 
whereof you'll be Pleased to Take notice and be Pleased 
to Commufiicate the Same writing with this and the 
Said Coppy of the Act delivered to you. To his Majes- 
ties Council for the Province of New York. We are 

Your most humble Servants 
To PhiUip Livingston E") J a Alexander. 

Speaker of his Majesties Council, Robt. H. Morris. 

for the Province of New York. Elisha Parker, 

Address of a Committee of New Jersey to the Gov- 
ernor of Neiv York — referring to the Dividing 
Line betiveen the two Provinces. 

IFrom N. Y. Col. MSS., Vol. LXXVI. p. 34. | 

May it please your Excellency, 

As we are the persons appointed by the Government 
of New Jersey, under the Great Seal of that Province 
for Runing and ascertaining the Line of Partition and 
Division between the two provinces of New York and 
New Jersey on the part of New Jei-sey, as by the 
Commission for that purpose herewith Shewed to your 
Excellency will appear we tliink it our duty to deliver 
to your Excellency a Ck)i)py of an Act Lately passed 
in New Jersey Entitled ''An Act for Runing and 
Ascertaining the Line of Partition and, Division 
hetwixt this province of New Jersey and the Province 
of New York.'^ In which your Excellency will 


observe a Clause Suspending is [its?] force till it has his 
Majesties Royall Aprobation: And at the Same time 
we beg Leave to Inform your Excellency that the Pro- 
prietors of East Jersey intend to apply themselves to 
his Majesty and pray his Royall assent to the Same. 

What Induced the Legislature of New Jersey to pass 
the act above mentioned was a Strong inclination they 
had to have the boundary Line between the two (lov- 
ernments reduced to a Certainty in oider to quiet the 
Minds of the people living nigh the Places through 
which that Line will Ran, and to put a Stop to the 
many disorders and quarrells that have Subsisted in 
that part of the Country and which have been Carried 
to So Great a height as to Endanger the Lives of Sev- 
eral of his Majesties Subjects, and what made the 
passing ot> [the Law necessary was the frequent appli- 
cations that had been made without Effect to the Clov- 
ermnent of New York to Join in the Settlement of 
that Line in an Amicable manner pursuant to acts of 
Assembly Still in force in both pi'ovinces for that pui'- 

We are fully Sensible that Your Excellency has 
neither Interest or Inclination to 0])pose the Settle- 
ment of the true Boundary Line between the province 
under your Government and the Colony of New Jer- 
sey, and therefore we presume to hope that your 
Excellency will be So Good as to Communicate to us 
or the Government of New Jersey any objections you 
may have to the Act now delivered to you. That we 
may have an Opportunity of Obviating ,hem and of 
Convincing his Majesty and your Excellency That 
New Jersey has nothing in View but tlie Settlement of 
the Line according to the true Intent and meaning of 
the Grants under which the province is held; and as 
we Conceive we are able to Give Satisfactory answers 
to Any Such objections and as an application to his 
Majesty for the RoyaU assent to the Bill now passed 


for Riming the Line will be attented with a very Con- 
siderable Expence to the Proj^rietors of the Eastern 
Division of New Jersey, we therefore hope your Excel- 
lency and the Gentlemen Concerned in the Lands on 
the York side of the Line will Save them the trouble 
& Expence of that Application to England by Joining 
to Settle and fix the Station point on Hudsons Eiver 
and Runing the true partition Line from thence to the 
Station already fixed on the River Delaware, and I 
hope that Your Excellency and those Gentlemen will 
be pleased to Communicate to us your Consent to that 
in two months, we will So long delay Sending home 
the Act for his Majesties Royal Approbation or any 
longer reasonable time that's desired. 

We Shall deliver to the Speaker of his Majesties 
Council and the Speaker of the house of Assembly of 
the province of New York Coppies of the said Act 
lately passed for runing the Said Line, and Coj)pies of 
what we now write to your Excellency to be by them 
Communicated to their respected Houses. 

We are Your Excellencies Most 

Obedient humble Servants 
Robert Hunter Morris, 

June 25''' 1848 Elisha Parker, 

Ja Alexander. 

To his Excellency the honorable George Clinton 
Esq' Cap* General and Governor in Chief of his Majes- 
ties province of New York and Teriitories and Tracts 
of Land depending thereon in America, Vice Admiral 
of the Same and Admiral of the White Squadron of 
his Majesties Shij)s of war-- 


Lcifer from (Torcruor Belcher to a Coiumiffee of the 
West Jersejj Society — about their appointing 
a</eitfs in the Provi^ice, etc. 

[From a Copy among tlie Belcher Papers, in Library of N. J. Hist. Society.] 

[Biirlingtoii] June 27 1748 



" "-'" "■ ""■ " As to the Eiots and disorders some 
(rood Acts were Past [during the Session of last Win- 
ter] to Put an End to them what Effect they may 
have on those Sons of Violence Time must discovei'. 
Things seem to Subside at Present and Carry the Com- 
plexion of Quietness But I am afraid the Spirit that 
has reigned Among a Great Number of Seditious Per- 
sons for many years Past Still lyes Latent and unless 
these disorders and Tumults can be Effectually .sub- 
dued and brought to an End Let the Societys Rights 
and Property be what it will they will Certainly find 
the Value of the Lands sink every day and which is 
but the Natural Consequence of Controversy and of 
Litigating Ti[t |les in the Law b}^ which People become 
discouraged from coming to Settle and Sul)due Wild 
Lands and without Inhabitants they Must Continue 
but an imaginary Estate. 

The Society may intirely depend on all my indeav- 
ours to Compose and Put an End to the^se difificulties 
and as tlie General Assembly is to Sit Again in a Little 
Time I Shall warmly recommend their doing what 
they can further to bring the Province into Peace and 

As to your Appointing two Agents in this Province 
to join with Mr Lane of New York in your Affairs 1 


will indeavour to get the best information I Can and 
give you the Names of Such Persons as may be 
thought most Capable of your Service. 

You know I am here at a great distance from New 
England Nor am I able to Say anything more of your 
Affairs there than what I wrote in June last from 
Portsmouth yet if you desii^e it I will add and Say I 
would not Pay the Postage of a Letter for all you will 
ever make of that Claim. 

You very Justly observe that the Building of a Col- 
lege and Putting forward inferior Schools in the Prov- 
ince of New Jersey^ Will Promote Trade — Increase 
the Inhabitants — Make them See the Advantage and 
Beauty of Government, and all these things must add 
Considerable Value to your Estate in the Rise of Lands : 

But as I find upon the Best inquiry hardly Sixty 
thousand Souls in the whole Province of New Jersey 
and most of them People that live by their day Labour, 
I am At Present much discouraged about a College 
Not Seeing where Money wiU be found to Build the 
House and to Support the Necessary Officers for the 
Assembly (Many of them Quakers) will do Nothmg 
towards it. So that if Carried into Execution it must 
be by Subscriptions — which I will incourage and do all 
in my Power that So Noble a Design may not miscarry. 
I am with much Esteem and Respect 
Gentlemen your most obedient &c. 

J. Belcher. 

The Honob'" The Committee of the West New Jer- 
sey Society. 


Latter from (Joreri/or Belc/ier to TJiomas Feun, of 

[From a ( 'opy anioug- the Belcher Papers in the Library of the N. J. Hist. Society.] 

[Burlington J June 28, 1748 


By the Otter Sloop of Warr I have your favour of 
the 29. of March, and am to thank you for all your 
Respect. But am Sorry to be mortifyed with the 
great uncertainty of enjoying the Pleasure of your 
most Agreeal)le Acquaintance and Conversation in the 
Neighbourhood of Philadelphia in the hopes whereof 
I have past my Time with the greatest patience how- 
ever the Distance betwaxt us does not Abate my 
Esteem and Value for Mr Penn, and Wherever Clod 
Almighty may at any time cast my Lott, your Com- 
mands will alwayes Oblige Me. I see you have 
Appointed The Hono'f Mr Hamilton to be the Gov- 
ern our of your fine Province and that he may be 
expected there in a few Months altho' I am an intire 
Sti-anger to this Gent" yet I find his Merit has Acquii'ed 
him such a C^liaracter as will make me fond of Culti- 
vating a Good Con-es|>()ndence with him and I heartily 
wish him Safe to his Governn^ent. 

I w^rote early to the Lords of the Admiralty how 
Much the C*oast from Sandy hook to C-ape Hatteras 
was infested with the Enemies Privateers, and that in 
Queen Anne's Warr there had always been stationed 
two Men of Warr at Boston, as well as two at New 
York and whicli covered the Trade to much Content 
an.1 Satisfaction. 

I am Glad you have Succ(ieded so far as to ol)t tin a 
Sloop for Delaware River, Which I am sensible must 


have required greater Interest and Application to get 
done as its the first thing of the kind, Yet she is hut a 
bauble and not equal to the business, and you" find by 
the Philadelphia papers what havock the Enemies 
Privateers made in Delaware River the last Month 
Even within 50 Miles of Philadelphia where I think 
they took 10 or 1 2 Sail of one sort and Another, While 
the Otter Sloop was Clearing and had She been in 
readiness It was thought it would have been hardly 
prudent for her to have ventured Among Such A 
Number of Privateers As must have Overmatcht Her. 
The Product and Trade of Delaware River is Certainly 
of Such Consequence to the Crown as to Challenge the 
Protection of at least a new 6*:*" Rate for His Majestys 
Garrison at Louisburg and His Ships in the West 
Indies greatly depend on Supplies from this River, 
Where had not the Loo Man of Warr look in and took 
one or two of the Privateers the Trade of Pennsyl- 
vania had been blockt up and ruined for this Summer 
and upon an Apphcation of the President and Council 
to the Assembly the latter would grant no Money for 
the Defence of Philadelphia or for the Protection of 
the Trade. 

So that you'll forgive Me for thinking the Model of 
the Government of Pennsylvania does not seem to be 
calculated down to the present time and Circumstances 
I Say neither for the honour and Service of the Crown 
nor for the Interest of the Proprietors and should the 
Warr hold Perhaps you may come to coincide with my 
Way of thinking Unless the Crown will more power- 
fully Protect you. 

I Wish you Health - Ease honour & am 

Hono^''' Sr your most faithfull Friend and Servant 

J. Belcher. 


Message from Governor Belcher to the Coiiucil and 
AssenMy of New Jersey. 

I From a Copy aiiiong the Belcher Papers in I>il)rarv of N. J. Hist. Soeiety. | 

Burlington (N J) July 7 1748 

(Tentleineri of the Conncil and of the getierall Assembly 
Having lately received a Letter from His Excellency 
Mr Shirley Governonr of His Majestys Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay I immediaetely ordered the 
Members of His Majestys Council to be Sunimond to 
attend Me here When they came I laid the Said 
Letter with what it inclosed before them and they 
were of advice That the general Assembly Should be 
called to meet here As Soon as they conveniently 
could and the Secretary Shall now deliver you the 
papers I have mentioned the Contents whereof Are the 
onely reason of your meeting at this time And I hope 
you will readily agree with Me that it is of great Im- 
portance to the future Prosperity of this Province 
That you Choose Commissioners with' loss of time to 
proceed to Albany and there to Act in Conceit with 
those from His Majestys other Governments for the 
better Securing the Six Nations of Indians to His 
Majestys Interest, and in their Friendship and Affec- 
tion to the People of this and of the Neighbouring 
English Provinces and to Confer and Consult on such 
Other Matters As may come before this Meeting of 
Commissioners from So. many Provinces and as that 
may be proposed to be done is to be without any 
C^harge to this or the other Governments and has such 
a Prospect of establishing the Welfare and happiness 
of us and of our Neighbours I Shall not doubt your 
Chearfully coming into this Matter and which you will 


See requii-es the Utmost Dispatch; And When you 
have gone through it you may be returning to your 
domestick affairs where I Suppose the Season of the 
Year requires your attendance* 

J. Belcher. 

Letter from Governor Belcher to a Committee of the 
West Jersey Society— -relating to the appointment 
of Agents in New Jersey. 

[From a Copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Society. 1 

[Burlington J July 25 1748 


I wrote you 27. of Last Month by this C^onveyance 
Duplicate whereof you have herewith Agreeable to 
what I then wrote I have been Considering to find 
Out persons well qualify ed for Transacting your Affairs 
in this Province And upon the best information I can 
get As also from my own knowledge I can freely 
recommend to you the following Gentlemen As Per- 
sons of good Vertue Capacity and Substance Vizt. 
Charles Read Esq — Philip Kearney Esq & Mr John 
Foye all of this Province and Persons of good Consti- 
tutions Active and diligent and I doubt not will Acquit 
themselves with great discretion and fidelity in your 

Mr Read is Secretary of this Province and His 
Majestys Collector of the Customs for West Jersey; 
and lives in this Town As does Mr Foye in Trade and 
business. Mr Kearney is one of the Principal Coun- 
sellors at Law in this Province lives at Amboy in East 
Jersey Wliere lyes some part of your Lands and as he 


is a good Lawyer may be of Considerable Service if 
any Controversy should Arise in your Concerns. 

I think for the honour and Service of your business 
it Should be under the direction of Gentlemen of this 
Province Where your Estates Lye and by your Ap- 
pointing these Gentlemen I Shall be Nearer and more 
Capable of Advising and Assisting them to Promote 
your Interest in the best Manner and on which you 
may intirely depend Altho" you have wrote to Mr 
Lane yet you may easily Excuse the Matter to him As 
upon a Second Consideration thinking it best to have 
your Agents in the Province Where your Lands Lye. 

Besides I am well informed that in the last Sale 
your Agents made of lo,0()0 Acres of Land you 
Suffered by two of your Agents living at New York 
who were much Unacquainted As to the Manner of 
making the Sale and in the Value of what they Sold 
for they let y" Purchasers cull the best of the Lands 
in Small Parcells and run over 100,000 Acres to cull 
out their 10, Odd and in a manner have Spoiled the Sale 
of the remaining 90,000 

I have thus given you my Thoughts freely and 
faithfully and you will Act as you Please: 

I Wish you health and prosperity in all your Affairs 
& am Sr^ 
your Ready Friend & Most Humble Servant 

J. Belcher. 

The Hono''^ The Committee of the West New Jersey 


Letter from James Alexander to Ferdinand John 
Paris — about the Division Line between New 
York and New Jersey-. 

I From Original among the Papers of F; J. Paris in the Library of /he N. J. Hist 
Society, Bundle H, No. 7.] 

New York Sep' 2: 1748 
Sir [Extract] 

On the 28*!' of June Last Mess" Morris and Parker, 
two of the Commissioners appointed for Runing the 
Line of York and Jersey, Served the Governor, Coun- 
cil, and Assembly here, each with a Coppy of the Act 
for runing the Said Line, Notified the Intention of 
applying for the Royall Assent, And Requested they 
would Communicate to them their objections if any 
they had, thereto— the Assembly made an Entry in 
their Minutes of the Service upon them, which is in 
their printed Votes of that day, a Coppy whereof is 
inclosed. Governor Clinton has no Concern in the 
Matter — and as to the C^ouncil and Assembly, we do 
not expect that they will communicate any of their 
objections to us, but that they will Endeavour to Spin 
out the time, and to weary us out with the delay and 
charge. The Commissioners and I have Considered all 
the objections, that w^e have heard they have made, 
aiid all others that we conceived the Act was Lyable 
to; and we think we have fully answered them; and 
all the proofs are bespoke and preparing at the Secre- 
tarys offices of New York and New Jersey, and hope 
two Coppies of All will be ready certified under the 
Great Seals of New York and New Jersey to Go by the 
first Ships from this place, which we don't Expect Will 


be Till November, as those Ships that are Expected to 
go, are not as yett arrived here from London. 

As it will be So long before an opportunity is from 
hence, I therefore write this to Go by way of Boston, 
hoping there may be Some opportunity Sooner from 
thence. I am Sir Your most humble Serv' 

Ja: Alexander. 

P. S. Sep' 5"' 1748 Yesterday arrived Cap' Bryant, 
by whom I have yours of June 16'.'' * " " " We 
had the Same Apprehension here, as you had, about 
the Vote of the New York Assembly, and that it 
might tend to get from as the Attorney and Sollicitor 
General; wherefore we have fully Considered the Mat- 
ter, have bespoke Exemplifications of all the New York 
Grants along the Division Line, by which, and two 
Maps thereof, we shall make it Evident, V^ That the 
Crown has already Granted away all the Lands along 
the Line, 2'".^' that if the Line should fall, as we Claim 
it, or even much more to our advantage, yet the 
Grantees will have much more Land, than the Quit 
rent they are to pay is Adequate to; therefore they 
can have no pretence to claim any Abatement. This 
we Shall Send you incontestible proofs of, as to all the 
patents or Grants along or near the Line, Except two, 
the one Rendering twelve Shillings york money yearly 
rents which is but about Seven Shillings Sterhng; 
which we have not Materials to be Sure of the place 
of it; the other, but another trifle, and the ])atent it 
Self will appear to be a piece of Treachery and Villany 
which I am Sure any CU'own's officer will be Ashamed 
to Countenance. Should our Antagonists work on the 
Attorney and Sollicitor G-^n" before these ])roofs come, 
only desire them to Suspend their undertaking against 
us till the first Ship comes from hence, when you may 
Assure them we will incontestably demonstrate what's 
before mentioned; and if we do, then the Crown has 


no interest whatsoever in the Matter of property or 
Rents; for as to Jurisdiction, New Jersey is as much 
a King's Government as New York is, and therefore 
indifferent to the Crown where the Line of Jurisdic- 
tion Shall fall; and it tends to the peace of his Majes- 
ties Subjects to have it Settled Some where, and the 
delay has already Caused great Riots and disturb- 
ances; and the longer it's delayed the more of these 
it will create, and the Course of Justice along the Line 
is now at a Stand; as the proofs will Evidently make 
appear. -'' " ^ '■■ ■* I am Sii' 

Your most obedient humble Servant 
Ja: Alexander. 
To Ferdinando John Paris Esq' Surrey Street London. 

Letter from James Ale.i'cmder to John Coxe. 

I From a Copy among: Alexander Papers, Vol. I. No. 47. in the Rutherfurd (Collec- 

New York Sep' 5*^^ 1748 
To John Coxe Esq!" Trenton 


^ -^ * '^ * Two Riots were Committed on one 
Dairy mple (Settled under the protection of the Council 
of Proprietors of East Jersey, who Gave him a promise 
of protection) at the procurement of Parson Cross of 
Baskingridge, by which Dalrymple was Turned out of 
Possession and is hitherto kept out, and much dam- 

The Council of prop" ordered Actions in Dairy mple's 
name of Trespass cum as portatcine against Cross and 
Some of the heads of the Rioters; all But Cross were 
taken, and by Sundry Riots upon the Sheriff and Goal 


of Morris County and one in Essex County, were 
Rescued. Cross (lave Bail and pleaded himself in i)er- 
son not Guilty, and So that's at Issue, and Elisha Par- 
ker the Attorney on Record designs to bring it to tryall 
at the next Circuit in Somerset County where the 
venire was Laid. — In behalf of the Council of prop'** of 
East Jersey, I beg your Assistance as Council on the 
TryaU, M' Parker will Bring you a fee for that jnir- 
pose, and I hope may Send yon a Brief Some days 
before the Tryall: 

I doubt not you have heard that very few^ of the 
Rioters have Accepted of the Act of (xrace made in 
their favour:' So that it Seems absolutely necessary 
that the Assembly do Strengthen the hands of the 
Government, to put the Laws in Execution against 
them with Vigom-, for I believe there's no Instance of 
a pardon once offered, and rejected, that it was ever 
offered a Second Time The Steps necessary to be 
taken Should be tli ought on — the Best })residents are 
those Given by the Brittish Parliament — they, after 
the Rebellion in 17ir>. and after the Late Rebellion, 
made Acts of attainder of persons by name, if by a 
Certain day they did not deliver themselves up to Jus- 
tice, and Stand their Tryalls. — Queiie, If the like Step 
may not be proper to the next xVssembly. 

' This was " An Act to pardon the Persons guilty of the Insurrections, Riots and 
Disorders raised and committed in this Province/" passed in November, 1747. The 
reason therefor was stated to be that " His Excellency the Governor hath Reason 
to believe that most of the Persons guilty of the said Insurrections. Riots and Dis- 
orders, have been artfully misled into Raising and Committing the same, and that 
tlie Extending of Mercy to them at this Time may be the best means of preserving 
tliem and others from standing in Need of the Like Mercy and Pardon for the 
future: Wherefore &c'"--all connected with the said riots should he pardoned, 
released and discharged, upon their appearing, within six months after the passage 
of the Act, before one of the Supreme Court Judges, and taking a certain oath anti 
givhig bonds for their good behavior. Persons who retained possession of any lands 
which they had unlawfully seized, were debarred the privileges of the Act, but 
even those who had been indicted for high treason were to have all proceedings 
against them stayed, on their complying with the requisition of tlie Act.— See the 
Act in full in Papers of James Alexander in Rutherfurd Collection, Vol. I. No. 71. — 


I hear that Amos Roberts, Commander m chief of 
the Expedition to Perth Amboy, was the only Man 
who hindered the Rioters from Accepting; if So I 
think he Ought to Suffer without Mercy — he stands 
Indicted of high Treason, and Very probable he Will 
be found Guilty by a Middlesex Jury. 

I think it's Very happy that the Assembly was not 
dissolved, ' for had it been its more than probable that 
all the next elections would have been Carried by 
Rioting, and that none who would not Join with the 
Rioters, durst have appeared at the Elections. 

Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alexan- 
der — about the division line between New Jersey 
and New York. 

IFi'om Original Draft amons Papers of F. J. Paris in the N. J. His. Soc. Library, 

Bundle No. 8.1 

To James Alexander Esq'' 

Surry Street, London, 30 Sept. 1748 

Sir [Extract.] 

-Jt * -;v ir * * 

I observe what you desire, in taking M' Partridge 
along with me, in solliciting the Approbation of the 
Act for running the Division Line, in ord' to secure, 
thereby, the Gov'" present & future recomendac'on of 

' Mr. Coxe had written to Mr. Alexander that the Governor intended to dissolve 
the Assembly and wished to confer with the Council upon the subject; Mr. Alex- 
ander objected to the dissolution, and under date of May 2d, 1748, wrote to Mr. Coxe: 
•• I do not think it will be prudent to Dissolve the present Assembly, till we be well 
Assured that the peace of the province is Restored, which it Cannot be Said to be, 
untill the Rioters accept the Act of Grace, According to the Tenor thereof. Should 
the new Elections be Sooner, Rioting, force and violence will very probably Govern 
many of the Elections, and quiet men will be drove from them, which will bring 
New Jersey into a more deplorable State than ever it has been as yett." The Coun- 
cil unanimously advised the Governor not to dissolve the Assembly, to which he 
agreed.— See Alexander Papers. Vol. I. Nos. 72, 73, 74.— Ed. 


that Act, I am upon exceeding good Terms with M'.' 
Parti'idge, (who is a Merch- & not a Lawyer) insomucli 
that he employs me, constantly, in all his Law busi- 
ness, if I am not preengaged ag* him, And I will find 
some way to Oblige him in that Affair, in ord' to the 
Attainment of what you propose. 

I suppose there is a Suspending Clause in the Act 
for running the Division Lines. Otherwise, there will 
need no Application On our part, for the Royal Con- 
firm" but the Applic'.' sho'' come from New York, to 
have the Act disallowed. 

How many hearings there may be thereon, the 
wisest man alive cannot yet tell; more especially, if 
New York determine to be as troublesome, & to occa- 
sion as much expense, as it may. I Assure you I will 
use the utmost Care & prudent frugality in my power. 
But the Settlem' of Boundarys is no Short Affair. In 
such a Case between Massachusets Bay & New Hamp- 
shire, (where the Massachusets Bay Opposed the Set- 
tlem' by all the means that could be invented) there 
were at the privy Co'.' & at y' Board of Trade & before 
the Att^' & Soir Gen" (all put together) not less than 
54 or 55 Sev' hearings, by Councill, but I hope this 
affair will not be like that: For that was troublesome 
to the greatest degree that I ever ex]3erienced. 

I formerly wi'ote to you in Answer to yo' favoui' of 
the !<')"' of April, that notwithstanding the Attorney 
& Soil' Gen" are retained for New Jersey, Yet if the 
Affair of y" Division does Affect the Kings Interest (as 
pretended by the Minute of the New York Assembly 
of the 9"' of April last) they will not think themselves 
at all bound by any Retainer. But however that may 
be, they in all Cases, now of late, (it did not use to be 
So formerly) refuse to attend y'' Board of Trade, as 
Counsell for p'tys. So that, were it not for the In- 
junc'on of Frugality, w'ch you have layd me under, I 
Should addit'onally retain M' Hume Campbell for you. 


And dont know but I may yet persuade my Self to do 
it, as a thing w'ch, tho in Some measure expensive, 
may yet be useful!. 

I am Sir, Your most obed^ h'ble Serv' 

Ferdinakd John Paris. 

Letter' from John Coxe to James Alexander — about 
the Governofs health arid proposed meetings of 
the Leg i slat lire. 

LFrom Original among the Alexander Papers, Vol. I, No. 79, in Rutherfnrd Col- 

James Alexander Esq'' New York 

Trenton 7'^ October 1748 


The Governom- has been lately attacked with four 
fevers running Which has Weakened him to A Great 
Degree And he for What I Can hear is So Much Shat- 
tered that T question Much Whether he will live over 
this Winter or Next Spring— at least Without he 
Should Alter Much from the Condition he Seems to be 
in at Present. — At the time the Assembly was to 
Meet at Amboy he had been Confined to his bed for A 
Week. Upon which he Called a Councill but only 
five Attended And As he Api)eared Not to be in A 
Condition to go to Amboy and Very little probability 
of his being So well As to Venture out without Danger 
perhaps all the Winter, And As there seemed to be 
many reasons to be An Absolute Necessity of the 
Assemblys Meeting the Councill Advised his Calling 
them to Burlington, And When they Got together 
either proceed to business or if he found himself in 
Any likely way to Venture to Amboy Sometime hence 


give them a further Adjoui^nment As the Matter Could 
be then Settled. 

And As Some Steps Should be taken in the Rioting 
affairs and many others Wherein your Assistance will 
be Wanting I hope you will waive your resolution Not 
Coming to Burlington for I am very Sensible that 
things will Suffer by your Absence; and if they Should 
proceed to business at Burlington the Meeting there 
will probably be Short and Consequently you will Not 
be long Confined from home — for these and Many 
other reasons I hope you will Not decline Coming 
down Since it is for the Public Welfare as well as your 
Interest to attend at this Juncture 

I am S' Yo' most humble Ser' 

Jn° Coxe 

Governor Cliufov, of Neir York, to the Lords of 


IFrom N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. VI. p. 454.J 

My Lords 

I some time since received a Copy of an Act passed 
by the Legislature of New Jersey for running the line 
of partition and Division lietween that Province and 
this, and at the same time was informed that the Jer- 
sey Proprietors intended to Apply for His Majesty's 
Royal approbation of the same 

There have been many disorders comiuitted on the 
Borders of these Provinces occasioned by tlie Lines 
remaining unsettled. Of some of those Disorders I 
had information given me by the late Governour of 
New Jersey by whom I was requested to Join in the 
Settlement of the Line pursuant to Acts then and still 
in force in both Provinces for that purpose which I 
should have readily done but upon Enquiry into the 


matter I found that the sum of three thousand pounds 
formerly raised in this Province by Act of the Fourth 
of King George the first, had been long ago drawn 
out of the Treasury and paid to Commissioners and 
Surveyors employed in that Service, who began but 
never compleated the Work, and are since Dead and 
no other Money was ever appropriated in this Province 
for that service that I can learn 

I also found that all the Lands along the Line for 
many miles within this Province were granted away 
to Private Persons upon triffling Quit Rents to the 
owners of the lands. I referred the matter and recom- 
mended an Amicable Agreement between them and 
the Jersey Proprietors wlio held a Meeting for that 
purpose but nothing was agreed upon. 

As it does not appear to me that the Interest of the 
Crown or of this Province in General are any way 
concerned in the Matter, but only the Pattentees of 
the Lands along that line, I shall dechne giving Your 
Lordships any trouble in the Affair, leaving it to the 
particular persons concerned to take such steps as they 
shall think proper 

Thus much I thought it necessary to say in Order to 
Explain the Reasons of my Conduct in this Affair and 
am with great Esteem My Lords, 

Your Lordships most huuible 
& obedient Servant 

Foi't George 
in the City of 
New York the 

7"' October 

To the Right Hon^'''^ The Lords Commiss'^ for Trade 
& Plantations. 


Letter from Jmnes Aled'duder to JoJiit Co.fe — i)f rela- 
tiou, to the refusal of the Rioters to accept the Act 
of Pardou. 

[From Papers of James Alexander, Vol. I, No. 80. in Rutherfunl C!olleetii)n. | 

[To John Coxe Esq!"] 

New York Oct'" 17"' 1748 

1)'. Sir 

I had the favours of yours of 23'' September and 
October 7'-'' I am heartily Sorry to hear of the Gover- 
nor's indisposition; Considering which, it Can't be 
Expected That he Should meet the xA.ssembly at Am- 
boy; and is a good reason for their Meeting at Bur- 

The Ships from hence for London are to Sail by the 
1(V" of November; and I am preparing Evidences and 
Instructions to Obviate the many objections That the 
New York people make to the Act for riming the par- 
tition Line of York and Jersey, to be Sent with the 
(Poppies of the Act by these Ships. So that I find it 
impossible, without Neglecting That, to Come to Bur- 

The only point of Difticulty, That I know of. That 
will Come before the Legislature, will be what's to be 
done with the Eioters who have Slighted the Act of 
Grace; and as I cannot dehver my Sentiments on tliat 
in person, I beg Leave to do it by this to you. 

Such a C'Ontempt of the Grace and favour tendered 
to them by the Act pass'd last Sessions, Seems abso- 
lutely to forbid all thoughts of Tendering The Like 
again; And as The Rioters Live within the Govei'u- 
ment, and may be taken, it would Seem th(^ Duty of 


the Legislature to Strengthen the hands of the Gov- 
ernment So as to make the officers thereof not only to 
take, but keep them, and brmg them to Justice, by 
Legal TryaUs. 

This to me Seems the Duty of the v^hole Legislature 
to do; and more Especially the Duty of the Council to 
propose to the Assembly, But I much doubt or Rather 
do not believe That The Assembly will come into it; 
But tho' the Council were assured of that, yet that 
ought not to hinder their proposmg it in discharge of 
their Duty. 

If the Assembly do not Effectually Strengthen the 
hands of the Government; Then to me it would Seem 
proper for the Council to bring in and pass a Bill, 
reciting the Contempt of the Act of Grace, by Such 
and Such by Name, and the Several Crimes They 
Stand indited for; and Then Enact that unless on or 
before a day to be named They do dehver themselves 
up to Justice and abide the order and Judgement of 
the Law; Then Such as Shall neglect So to do Shall 
from and after that day Stand Attainted and Convicted 
of the Crimes Respectively for which they Stand in- 

There's presedents of Such Acts, after the Rebellion 
in England in 1715, to be found in the Statute Books; 
and Sundry presidents after the Late Rebellion. 

The Method of proposing these things to the Assem- 
bly may be by a free Conferrence on that Matter, 
requested by the Council, and the Method of Showing 
these on the Minutes of Council may be by instruc- 
tions to the Committee prior, and Report after, that 
the Instructions had been pursued. 


Speech of Colonel Lewis Morris iit the New York 
Assenib/ij — 07i the Division Line between, New 
York and New Jersey, October 29th, iT-tS, 

[From a Copy among the Papei's of Ferdinanrt John Paris in the New Jersey His- 
torical Society Library, Book C, New Jersey Line Papers, No. 14.1 

M'' Speaker 

The affair of Fixing and running the Division or 
Partition Line, between the Province of New York 
and New Jersie hath been a matter of Controversie, as 
Long as I can Remember, The Steps taken to fix it, 
were at a time when I was too young to form 
any Judgment of it; or who was Eight, or who 
Wrong, I was not Master Enough of the Subject to 
Determine. At this time of Day, T think, I know a 
little of the Matter, but of that the House will be able 
to Judge, when they have heard what I have to Offer. 

On the present argument, that has been before the 
house, I beg Leave to Offer Some things that will put 
the matter in its true Light, That is to Say, wliat i)art 
this House ought to take, or how far it will be Just, 
01' Equitable, to Involve tJte Count ry into an Expense, 
they are properly not Chargable with 

I Suppose it will, by Some, be wondered att That I, 
who am Interested in those Lands, and must, of 
Coui-se. pay part of the Charge, Should not Use my 
Endeavours That tlte Countrey Should bear the l)ur- 
then; but That is The Principal Inducement to me, of 
Saying any thing at this time, because I think it a 
great piece of Injustice that I, who am a Member of 
this house, Should Consent, or be Aiding or assisting 
in Loading my Constituents with a Charge, they 
ought not to be Chargeable with, and at a time they 
are Little able to bear it; but, M' Speaker, To make 
what I have here asserted Plain and Demonstrable I 


Shall beg Leave to Ask the following Questions The 
answers to which must carry Conviction with them. 

1*' has This Province, in General, any Interest, in 
the Land adjoining To the Line of Partition between 
New York and New Jersie'^ 

Answer, They have no Interest. 

2'' who will be The Gainers, in Case the Line Should 
fall one. Two or three Miles, more Southward? or who 
will Loose if that Line Should fall more Northward? 
the Particular Pattentees, or The Province in General? 

Answer The Particular Pattentees 

8? has the Crown any Lands Remaining Ungranted, 
along that Line, from Hudson's River to Delaware 

Answer None, that I know of 

4*.'' Are the Quit Rents, Reserved in and by the 
Pattents for those Lands, of Such value as to Interest 
the Crown in the Scituation of that Line? 

Answer The Quit Rents do not Exceed £25 New 
York Money. 

5. Is the Interest of the Crown Concerned, in any 
thing, but having the Bounds between two of its own 
Governments adjusted. The Peace Preserved and the 
Laws Administered; by Such of its Officers as have 

Answer The Interest of the Crown is not Concern'd 
in any thing. 

6. Can the Publick Peace be preserved, or the Laws 
administred as they ought To be (at, or near, that 
Line) while the Line remains Unsettled? 

Answer no. 

7. Will it be reasonable That this house Should put 
The Colony in General, to the Charge of running that 
Line, or to the Charge of an Opposition To the Present 
Jersey Bill, for that purpose, which is to be Laid before 
his Majesty for his Royal assent, when Particulai' men 
are only affected thereby, and will Such Opposition 
Really tend to the Peace and Advantage of this Pro v. 


ince, or Even to the Benefit of the men Concerned in 
tlie Lands? 

Answer No. 

S. has not this Province ah'eady been at £300 charge 
for Running that Line^ and w^as not that Sum Suffi- 
cient for the purpose, if it liad been well api)ly'd? 

Answer it was Sufficient 

9. Will not the people have reason to blame their 
Members, If they (at this time, when the Country is 
So much in Debt) Load them with the Charge of an 
Expensive Solicitation in an Affair in which the Prov- 
ince has no Interest? 

Answer, they will be to blame 

10 What Steps did this Colony take to get its 
Boundary Line Settled with the Colony of Connecticut? 

Answer, by getting an Act of Assembly, to run it 

11 And ought we to blame other people when they 
follow an Example? 

Answer, we ought not, if they are good Examples 
Thus far my Questions and Answers, and now will 
only Say That Whether the Latitude be rightly fixed 
on Delaware or not, I cannot Determine, first, because 
I am not Mathematician Enough to understand the 
Methods proper to be taken, to fix it. Secondly, If I 
was I never Saw any of the Surveyors proceedings 
about it. 

But this, I think, is as plain as any thing whatever, 
Even without the Knowledge of the Mathematics, 
That any branch of Delaware, more Northward and 
Westward, then the present fixt Station point, must 
be a more Advantagious Station To the Pattentees of 
this Colony, and to the Proprietors of the Eastern 
Division of New Jersey Then the present one is; and 
if so, had there been Such a Branch to be discovered, 
it is more than Probable The Eastern Proprietors, who, 
we allow were cunning men, would have Left no 
Method unessayed To have made Such a discovery, 




because it would have been of greater advantage to 
them Then to the Pattentees of New York; But as I 
have Asserted that the Quit Rents, upon that Line, do 
not Exceed £25, I shall mention the Several Pattents 
with what they are to pay 
a patent to the In- ) 
habitants of Tapan ( 
a patent to John ) Quit rent 12s Curr' Money of 

New York 

Quit Rent 16 Bushels of Wheat. 




Lockhart - - - - - ) 
a patent to Honans & 

Hawdon ----- 
a patent to Bridges 

& Company called 

Wewoyanda - - - 
a patent to Matthew 

Ling called Mini- 
sing Patent - - - - 
a patent to Bridges & i 

Company called .- Quit 

Cheescocks Patent ) 
a patent to Arent / . 

Schuyler ----- j ^ 
a patent to Candi- 

beck & Company - 

The two Last mentioned ai-e Included in the Mini- 
sink Pattent, and excepted out of it 

Not to Trespass any further, on the patience of the 
house, I shall only beg Leave to observe that I think 
it Absolutely necessary That The Lines Should be run 
and Settled, and Altho the Pattentees may Loose Some 
Acres by that Settlement, I am clear that what they 
have Left will be of five times the Value that it now is. 

Therefore M"' Speaker, if we can fall upon any 
Method to Establish that Line, without putting the 
Colony to any Charge, I will heartily come into it, but 
if that Settlement is to be Attended With an Expence, 
I move that those that will reap the Benefit Should 
bear the burthen. 


1 Bever Skin 

£4, New York Money 

£9 New York Money 

£1 ^ew York Money 

12s New York Money 
£2 York money 


I would Just take Notice of what M' Macevers 
observed with regard to the Loss it would be to many 
poor Familys if the Line is run in the manner it is now 
proposed : the greatest Number of Families, I believe, 
which are Settled upon that Line, are by Purchases 
from himself, and at the time when he Sold those 
Lands, he was Conscious To himself That the Jersie 
Line would include part of the Lands he so Sold 

Because, in the Warrants he gave, he warranted 
against all Titles hat the Jersey Titles. So, I Suppose 
if he is to Loose but £5(X». (as he Says) it must be for 
Some Lands he has Sold on that Line, that the People 
would not take the Same Warranty. 

As to the recording the Tripartite agreement made 
in 1749, I think is Justifiable Enough, if they had 
recorded it as Soon as they returned from Fixing the 
Station point, but to Record it many years afterwards 
without giving this Province Notice, was neither rea- 
sonable nor Just. 

Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander — about the divisionline between New Jersey 
and Neu' York. 

[From Original Draft among the Papers of Mr. Paris in N. J. Hist. Soc. IJbrary. 
Bundle H, No. 15.] 

To James Alexander Esq"" 

Surry Street London 4, Nov. 1748 
Sir [Extract.] 

■!-J vr %^ -X- * * -;f * 

I come now to yours of the 2'' of September 
The New Jersey Acts are Arrived & with y' Board 
of Trade p'ticalarly that for running the Division Line 
with New York. It arrived here Abo' the 10' of Octo- 
ber, And L'res along with the same from Gov' Belcher, 


most earnestly desiring the Board of Trades Approba- 
cion of that Act & y'" paper money Act & the Fee Act. 
M' Charles the New York Agent has been enquiring 
for the Act, abo' the Division Line often, before its 
Arrival & Since, & pretends to be in a hurry to have 
that Act Considered. Gov^ Belcher had Strongly 
recomended the three abovemen? Acts, in p'ticular, to 
his Bro^ in Law Agent, that he went, imediately. On the 
10''' of October, the very Day y' he rec'd the Acts, & 
layed them before the Board of Trade, & most offi- 
ciously, p'sented a petition to y' Lords Justices, to 
have those three Acts imediately Considered & Con- 
firmed: But, upon my Acquainting him afterwards 
how much the Comitry was concerned to have that 
Act confirmed, what trouble and expense they were 
putting themselves to, in ord' to remove any Objec'ions 
& get it confirmed, & with all, the Strong Opposi'con 
to it, w'ch was to be expected from New York, & that 
y*' proofs & Instruc'cons in Support of the Act, were 
not yet Arrived here, (nor did I know when they 
might Arrive) I prevailed on him to withdraw his 
petition as to this particular Act w'ch would have bro' 
on the matter now, imediately before I was instructed, 
& w'ch petition was indeed in itself a most unnec- 
essary, & Officious price of Superorrogation, but from 
y' prescribing of which I imagine that M' Belcher is to 
have Some money, or Advantage, to himself, when 
these three Acts shall receive the Royal Approbation, 
I now hope I shall be able to put off the Consid" of 
the s'' Act until I receive y' proofs, but then I must, 
Seem to appear to be ready to go to a hearing now. 
For if I should once Own my Self, not to be ready 
when y*^ New York Agent sho*^ pretend to be ready. 
On his part He would most unquestionably press for 
an imediate ai)pearance and the Board of Trade would 
think it Strange that we, who must have, before 
known of Our own Design & intention to apply for 


such an Act, Should not be ready to Support it, when 
Stranger thereto, unapprized of any such inten'con, 
Sh'' be ready to attack it. Alltho' on the other hand, 
when I really shall hereafter be ready, then, the New 
York Agent, will Own, or at least will without doubt, 
pretend, to be uninterested, & so want time for reviv- 
ing further Instructions, which time I will endeavour 
to shorten, all that I can, when I am instructed, but 
its too hazardous for me now to Apply for any such 
matter in my present Condic'on least T should be 
caught thereby. 

1 have already assured M' Partridge that he will 
obhge the Country & that I will pay his expenses, as 
well as own the Obligac'on, if hell continue at times 
proper & convenient, to press on the Gov'^ name & 
behalf Along with me, for the Eoyal Approbac'on of this 
Act, Which step I took in Complyance with yo' direc'ons 
rather than from any (;)pinion w'ch I entertain of the 
Gov', or the Agents Interest in the matter. - ^' " 

■" * "^ I observe that you Served the Branches of 
y' Legislature in New York, on 28 June last, with the 
Copy of the Act for running the Division Line, c*c that 
it is (partly) menc'ned in y" Assembly's Votes of that 
Date, but hop to receive regular proof thereof, as those 
Votes may not be Sent home, or at least not time 
enough, nor yet, be full euough for our purpose. "" * 

I am in some hopes to disai»point the Govr" Recom- 
endation & to get M' Salter app'"' a Committee in New 
Jersey on y' vacancy occasioned by president Hamil- 
ton's death and I remain, with Great respect 

Sir Yo' most obed' h'ble Serv^ 

Ferd John Paris 


Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey Vol. VI, G 8.] 

Perth Amboy New Jersey 

November IS^f" 1748 
May It Please Your Lordships 

My Last, was the 18"' of October, by Way of Phila- 
delphia; and it's Duplicate, went by Way of New 
York, since that I have Received the Honour, of your 
Lordship's Letter, of the 18'!' of August, To which, 
Your Lordships will Allow me, to Answer: — 

That in April Last, I Duly Transmitted, to Your 
Lordships, the Publick Papers, of this Province, As 
the Acts past by this Legislature; and the Journals of 
the Council, and Assembly — These, I Say, went by a 
Ship, one Burk Master, from Philadelphia; and Who 
had the Misfortune, to be Taken, by a French Priva- 
teer, a few Days, after he Sail'd: Upon this Miscar- 
riage, I Transmitted Duplicates, of these Things, by a 
Ship, One Smyter Master, from Philadelphia, about 
three Months Agoe. But as the Secretary Could not 
gett ready. Duplicates of the Journals, of Council, to 
Go by Smyter, I now Send Them, to your Lordships, 
by a Ship, One Bryant Master, Going from New York 
aiid They shall from Time to Time, be Regularly 
Transmitted to your Lordships — 

In Obedience, to the Kings Instructions, I am now 
here My Lords, 0(» Miles from Burlington, the place of 
my Stated Residence, to Hold a Session, of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, and which began the lo'!' of this Month, 


and all Things Relating to it shall be duly Ti-ansmitted, 
Youv Lordships, at the Conclusion, of the Session, 
I have the Honour, to be, with great Respect 
My Lords Your Lordships Most Obedient and 
Most Humble Servant 
Rec!^ from M' R. Partridge J Belcher 

Re^' Jan'.-^ v^' 4^" 

Petition of t1ie Executors of the late Governor Lewis 
Morris, of Neia Jersey^'or a Recommendation to 
t/ie Assemljly to pay his salary. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. VI. G C] 

To THE Right Hon"''- the Lords Com"^ for Trade 
& Plantations 

The humble Petition of Isabella Morris, Widow 
and Lewis Morris and Rol)ert Hunter Mor- 
ris, Esq'.^, the Executors of the late Gov- 
Morris, of New Jersey, 


That, the said late Gov!" exercised the Government 
of the Province of New Jersey, under His Majesty's 
Royal Commission, From the Year 1 T3s, down to the 
Time of his Death, on the 21'' of May 1740. 

Thaf From the 23:' of Sept!' 173s, to the 23'* of Sepf 
lT-l-4, the Salaiy which was Sett apart and actually 
payd to him, was 1000? per Annum, Proclamation 

Tltat, the said late Govl", was particularly directed, 
by Letters Fi'om Your Lordships Board (the Para- 
graphs of some of which, ai-e hereon endorsed) to use 
all proper Means, to prevent the Encrease of Paper 
Currency, which had been attended with many Incon- 


veiiiencys; And his Behaviour, in rejecting a Bill, 
wiiich had been tendred to him, For making 40,000? 
more, in Bills of Credit, was approved by Your Lord- 

But, hovs^ever the same might be approved here, the 
Assembly of New Jersey, So much resented it, that 
they refused the allow the Salary to the Gov!', From 
the 23" of Septl" 1744 to his Death, And, since his Death, 
have refused to appoint the same, to his Representa- 
tives, to the great Loss of the said Governor's Family. 

Forasmuch therefore, as the late Gov^:^ Family suffer, 
in Manner aforesaid, meerly for his Adherence to the 
Duty which this Honourable Board required of him, 

Your Petitioners most humbly pray Your Lordships, 
that You will be graciously pleased, by Your Letters 
to the present Gov'', to direct that he should from Time 
to Time, recomend to the Assembly, in the most 
earnest Manner, that they should appoint the Pay- 
ment of the late Gov''.^ Salary, down to the Time of his 
Death, Or that Your Lordships will be pleased to afford 
Your Petn" such other Relief, and in such other Way 
and Manner, as to Your great Wisdom & Justice shall 
seem meet. 

And your Petitioners shall ever pray &c. 

Ferd John Paris 
for the Petitioners. 

Extracts out of Two Letters from the Lords Commis- 
sioners for Trade and Plantations, to Lewis Morris 
Esq^, late Governor of New Jersey. 
1742. Aug'^' 3? " We observe what You write, in 
Regard to Paper Currency, and hope You will take 
effectual Care of the punctual Sinking the Outstand- 
ing Bills, in th^ Manner prescribed, by the several 
Acts that establish them, and use all other proper 
Means of keeping up their Credit, & preventing their 
Increase, that, in Time, an End may be put, to a Cur- 


rency, which has heen attended with so many Incon- 
veniencys; We desire, therefore, You will continue to 
give Us, From Time to Time, an Account of what 
Number of these Bills are payd off and sunk. 

1743. June 30*" ''By rejecting the Bill, for making- 
Forty Thousand Pounds, in Paper Currency, alth('> it 
came attended with Another, to Your Advantage, You 
have given a Proof of Your Disinterestedness, & We 
doubt not but you will strictly observe the Promise 
You make us, in the latter Part of the said Letter, in 
not giving Your Assent, to any Bills of that Kind, 
whatever the real or pretended, Necessitys of the 
Colony be, without a Clause, suspending their being 
in Force, 'till His Majesty shall be pleased to approve 
of them. 

Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Belcher — • 
ahont Satary of Lioveriior Morris, deceased. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. XV, page 177.] 

Letter to M'- Belcher Govi^ of New Jersey in 
answer to two rece'd from him. 

To Jonathan Belcher Esq"" Governor of New 


Nov^ 25, 1748 

We have received your Letters to Us dated the 2'2^ 
of April & 25"' of June last, with the Acts and printed 
Journal of the Assembly therein mention'd, and have 
sent the Acts to His Majesty's Counsel appointed for 
the Service of this Board, for his Opinion thei-eupon in 
point of Law and as soon as he has made his Report, 


We shall take them into Our Consideration ; In the 
mean time as several of these Acts appear to Us at the 
first View to be of a very extraordinary Nature, aud 
may be attended with Difficulties, We desire you will 
send Us by the first Opportunity, pursuant to your 
Instructions, your Observations ui:»on each Act in as 
full & particular a manner as may be ; And, to the end 
that We may be the better enabled to judge of the 
Merits of that for making current £40,000, in Bills of 
Credit, against which Application has already been 
made. We desire you will send us without delay an 
exact Account of the Amount of the Bills of Credit at 
present outstanding within the Colony under your 
Government by Virtue of any former Acts, as also of 
the Funds for caUing in and sinking the same, together 
with an Account of the Exports and Imports, and the 
true Value thereof, for the last twenty years; And all 
such other Papers as you shall conceive necessary for 
Our Information upon this & the rest of the Acts you 
have transmitted. 

We have sign'd a Representation to their Excellen- 
cies the Lords Justices proposing Richard Salter Esq"" 
(who was recommended to Us by the late Governor 
Morris) to be of the Council in New Jersey in the room 
of M'.' Hamilton. 

A Petition having been presented to Us in behalf of 
the Executors of the late Governor, a copy of g^,, ^ 
which is here inclosed, and We having taken n? g. 
the same into Our Consideration, have resolved to pur- 
sue such Measures as will most effectually tend to the 
obtaining the payment of the Salary which had been 
allowed him, for several years, and appears to have 
been withheld from him, for the two last years of his 
Administration; And We do the more earnestly inter- 
est Ourselves in behalf of the Petitioners, as the Salary 
has been represented to Us to have been withheld 
merely on account of his Adherence to his Duty and 


Obedience to the Directions of this Board; We do 
therefore require and direct you to recommend it in 
the most earnest manner to the Assembly to make 
provision for the speedy payment of such Salary, and 
We expect from you that you will use all such Methods 
as shall appear most conducive to the carrying such 
Recommendation into effect; We consider this Affair 
as a Matter in which Government is essentially con- 
cerned, and think it as dangerous to the publiclv Ser- 
vice, that Governors, who have acted in Conformity 
to their Instructions should fail of a proper support 
towards obtaining the Salary due to their Conduct, as 
it would for others to continue in the Enjoyment of 
Salaries purchased at the Expence of their Duty, & by 
Disobedience to His Majesty's Instructions. So We 
bid you heartily farewell, and are, 

Your very loving Friends and humble Servants, 

Dunk Halifax 
J. Pitt 
W^hitehall SS'l^ Novi" 1748. Dupplin 

Fran: Fane. 

Order in Council aj)proviug of the appointment of 
Richard Scdtar to Iw of the Covucit of Nen' Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. \h G :i2.1 

At the Court at S^ James's 
the 28*'' day of November 1748 

The Kings most Excellent Majesty in Conncil 

Upon reading this day at the Board a Representa- 
tion from the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations, dated the 15"' of this Instant, Setting 
forth, That John Hamilton Esq'' One of His Majestys 


Council in the Colony of New Jersey is dead, and that 
Eichard Saltar Esq'-' hath been recommended to them, 
as a Person every way qualified to Serve His Majesty 
in that Station, and therefore Proposing, that he may 
be appointed of His Majestys Council in that Colony, 
in the room of the said John Hamilton Esq! His 
Majesty in Council Approving thereof, is Pleased to 
Order, as it is hereby Ordered, that the said Richard 
Saltar Esq"^ be Constituted and Appointed a Member 
of His Majestys said Council in New Jersey, in the 
room of the said John Hamilton deceased. And His 
Grace the Duke of Bedford One of His Majestys Prin- 
cipal Secretarys of State, is to cause the usual War- 
rant to be Prepared for His Majestys Royal Signature 

A true Copy W: Sharpe 

Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alexan- 
der — about the Division Line between New York 
and New Jerse/j. 

[From Original Draft in the Papers of Mr. Paris in the New Jersey Historical Socie- 
ty Library, Bundle H. No. 21.] 

James Alexander Esq- 

Sufry Street London 80 Nov- 1748 

Sir [Extract.] 

" I am glad that I got M' Partridge to withdraw his 
pet" for the imediate Consid" of the Act abo' the Boun- 
dary; I before told you that such petic'on was a mat- 
ter of SupereiTogat'on, and as he still Continued to 
prosecute for a Confirmation of y'' two other Acts viz' 
y*" Fee Act, & y'' Paper Currency Act it has done the 
Gov"" & these acts also a deal of hurt, & may finally 
be the loss of the s? Acts; For the Lords of Trade have 


taken it into their imaginac'ons that these were not 
proper Acts, & that y" Gov' had some private reason, 
for pressing, So very warmly, as has done, for their 
Oonfirmac'on: In short they have Sent him a most 
Angry Letter, for not observing his Instruc: & for not 
sending home the Reasons, & Occasion, for Sev' of his 
new Acts, & they don't Seem to be in any hurry to 
Consider these Acts altho y*" Gov^ & his Bro' in Law, 
are in So much haste about them, so that they have 
both played a Silly Game, & y" Govl" is at present in 
low esteem at Whitehall. I therefore struck a bold 
Stroke, & have got Eich'' Sal tar Esq' reco mended to 
be of y Co" of New Jersey, & the Gov" most pressing 
recomendac-'ions as to y'' vacancy layd aside, & am 
passing the Mandamus, w'ch I shall send to you as 
soon as its Out. You' i)lease to remember, now, that 
there are none upon the List of p'sons recomended to 
be of y Co" of New Jersey, but bucli Only as M' 
Belcher has & shall recomend. Wherefore, if you have 
A mind to keep them out, On future Occasions, it 
must be by early & powerful recomendac'on of Other 
p'sons, from Some more potent Interest, w'ch ma}^ 
very easily, be found out. I may chance to Enclose 
M' Saltars Mandamus in this L're And remain 
Sir Your most obed' h^''"' Serv!; 

Feed John Paris 



Affidavits relating to the Riots at Newark and Perth 


[From Alexander Papers, Vol. Ill, Nos. lS-15, in Rutherfurd Collection.] 

Affidavit of John Styles 

John Styles of Nevv^ark Deputy Sheriff of Essex 
County & Keeper of the Gaol of the same County 
being duly Sworn on the holy Evangelists on his Oath 
doth Declare that on Monday the twenty Eighth day 
of November Last in the Morning one Amos Eoberts 
was by Wilham Chettwood Esq'' Sheriff of the s? 
County Committed to the s^ Gaol on a Process of Trea- 
son which the Deponent has Seen & believes the 
Sheriff gave the s'* Eoberts a Copy of it for that he 
Saw him hand it out to be read & heard the Copy 
read, that the s? Amos Roberts Continued so Com- 
mitted till near Dark in the Evening of the Same Day 
when a Number of People Gathered about the Gaol & 
one Josej^h Roberts Son of the s? Amos Demanded the 
Keys of this Depon' to Lett the s? Amos Out which 
this Depon^ Refus'd & told him & many others there 
present that he was in Custody for Treason and fore- 
warn'd them from Medling with the Gaol, but not- 
withstanding the so Informing & warning them, they 
Shutt the Depon^ out into the Street & his Wife into 
the Kitchin of the Gaol & then Proceeded towards 
breaking open the Gaol, one Elihu Ward had an Axe 
on his Arm & the Depon' heard that Methuel Pierson 
with that Axe cutt the Nails of the Hinges & broke 
open the Gaol & Rescued the s? Amos Roberts out of 
it, this Deponent beheves the Number of People gath- 
ered together were between twenty & thirty who 
Seemed all Gathered for the Purpose of Breaking of 


the Gaol they appearing in Consultation one with an- 
other the Persons that he knew & remembers among 
them were the s'' 'Joseph Roberts, 'Methuel Pierson, 
'Elihu Ward, 'Isaac Smith 'Thomas Gardner JunF 
"Benjamin Gardner 'Lawrence Egburtse, 'Moses Bald- 
win Son of John, "Aaron Ball, '"Jonas Ball, "Aaron 
Grummon a Printer to Joseph Roberts, "Joseph Corey 
— Says that one Nehemiah Crane was present but no 
way Encourageing or Aiding — also Samuel Plum who 
had been Aiding the Sheriff in takeing of s? Roberts 
whom the Rioters Threat'ned to Nail up for that Ser- 
vice done by him. That after they had broke the Gaol 
& Rescued the s^ Amos Roberts They went off Huz- 
zawing but not for King George as they had done at 
former Breakings of the Gaol, the Depon* Says he did 
not hear the Name of King George mention'd by them 
in their Huzzaeing And further Saith no 

Sworn the l"' day of December 1748 \ J. Styles. 
before Ja: Alexander, Edw'^ Antill J 

Affidavit of Abraham Shotwell 

Abraham Shotwell Sen?" of Essex County being 
one of the People CalFd Quakers being duely Affirm'd 
according to Law on his Affirmation Saith that on 
Tuesday Last in Going to Newark about two Miles to 
the Southward of Elizabeth Town he heard that the 
Person he was Going too at Newark was not at home 
& at that time C%me up one Amos Roberts with about 
half a Dozen other People one Call'd Cap- Wheeler of 
Newark was one, he remembers not the Names of the 
Rest, he rid back with Them to the Widow Hamptons 
& in Rideing there he heard s? Amos Roberts Say he 
had been in Gaol the day before but was Delivered, 
that at the Widow Ham])tons, they there mett with 


Several People beyond Brunswick & some from 
PejKicJc &, Express'd great Joy at Meeting these & the 
Persons mett, or some of them said they were Come- 
ing to help the s^ Roberts which this Affirmant under - 
stood to be out of Gaol, of those mett he heard one 
Caird Hegeman another Wycoff another Joseph Smith, 
does not Remember more of their Names The Affirm- 
ant Dined with them at Hamptons, after Dinner he 
Saw one of them Writeing he thinks it ivas Joseph 
Smith and had Gott about halfe a sheet wrote, did not 
hear any of it read; but heard some of them Say it 
was New Articles They were Going to Enter into & 
for Divideing them into three Wards & a Trustee in 
each Ward for Raising of money for a fair Tryal and 
if they could not have that They would Abide as they 
were, that the s? Amos Roberts Used Arguments wdth 
the Affirmant to Join with them, Saying what a brave 
Thing it was to Join together to Defend the Country, 
upon the whole this Affirmant Answered he had had 
Trouble inough already by being bound for People & 
was Determined hereafter to keep himself out of 
Trouble thinks there were about Sixteen or Seventeen 
of those People mett with Roberts, heard s? Roberts 
Declare that these People mett were all his Children 
& one Family & Seemed mighty Loveing & united 
one towards Another, that Seeing what they were 
upon the Affirmant Left them and Join'd John King 
& EUphalet Frazey in another Room further the 
Affirmant Cannot materially Say 

Affirm'd the 2'' of December 
1748 Before — the words (& some 
from Repack) & (which this 
Affirm' understood to be out of 
Gaol) & (he thinks it was 
Joseph Smith) being Interlin'd 
Ja: Alexander Peter Kemble 
Edw*^ Antill Tho' Leonard 

Abraham Shotwell 


Affidavit of Elizabeth Hampton 

Elizabeth Hampton of Elizabeth Town Raway 
Tavern Keeper being duly Sworn on the Holy Evan- 
gelists on her Oath doth Declare that on Monday 
Evening Last sundry Strangers came to her house at 
Raway (which is distant from Perth Amboy about 
nine Miles) amongst which was one Smith & askt if 
the Depon! had Notice that there was to be a Meeting 
there at that Time with Amos Roberts of Newark & 
others And the Depon^ said She had no Notice upon 
which they said it had been agreed That She should 
have had Notice, Says that those Strangers Lodg'd at 
her House that Night they were five in Number, 
knows none of them, Says the b^ Smith told her that 
his Father had lived in Elizabeth Town Raway, Says 
that those five breakfasted at her house & while at 
Breakfast some Person Came in & said that Cap' 
Roberts was in Gaol at Newark whereon some Talkt 
of Going there, but others for Staying & they Stayed, 
that a Uttle in the Aftei-noon there Came one Wycoff 
& one Hegeman who were said to Live beyond Bruns- 
wick & in a short Time after Came the s!' Roberts 
from Newark & one Wheeler & one Condit and one 
She thinks was Call'd Williams & Abraham Shotwell 
Remembers not any more but a young man with a 
Mourning hat band to have been in their Company 
They Dined at the Depon'* & Shottwell with them, 
Shotwell told the Depon* that They had been very 
pressing on him to Join them. Whereupon this Depon^ 
Used Arguments to Disswade him for that he had no 
Title to any Land & had no Business to Enter into 
Trouble, Does not know their Business, understood 
They were a Committee. Saw Writeings amongst 
them with Several Seals to them Understood it was to 
bind them to stand by one another & for Gathering in 


Money— Roberts & his Company went away after 
moon Rise the rest Lodg'd at her house on tuesday 
Night — Remembers that most of the Same Men were 
at the Depon*^.* house on the first or Second Week of 
October & Remembers that one of her Sons told her 
that the Same Men had a Meeting at her House on the 
first day of the Newark County Court which she 
beheves was the fourth Tuesday of September Last, 
When the Depon* had Gone to Court for a License to 
keep Pubhc House, Says She avoided knowing any 
thing of their or of other Peoples Business at her 
house, and Can Say nothing further Material 

Elizabeth x' Hampton 


Sworn the 5*?* day of De- 
cember 1848 Before Ja: 
Alexander And'^ Johnston. 

[An affidavit of similar tendency made on the same 
day by John Bird, son of Elizabeth Hampton: con- 
firmed by one made by John King. — Ed.] 


Memorandum of what occurred at a conference 
between Qovernor Belcher and several members of 
the Council. 

I From the Orig:inal Paper among the Papers of James Alexander, Vol. HI, No. 27, 
in Rutherfurd Collection. | 


That on Friday December the Sixteenth 1748, His 
Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq' Came into the Coun- 
cil Chamber, when the following Members of his 
Majesties Council were present. Viz' James Alexander 
— Robert Hunter Morris, Edward Antill, James Hude, 
Andrew Johnston, Peter Kemble and Thomas Leon- 
ard,' and having Sent for the house of Assembly, They 
came; and his Excellency having given his Assent to 
the Bill for Support of Government, and five other 
Bills, he was pleased to prorouge the General Assem- 
bly to the Sixteenth day of February. M' Morris then 
In Behalf of the Council applied to his Excellency, and 
told him That The Council had Several matters to lay 
Before Him, and to advise him upon Relating to the 
present State of this Province which they Beg'd he 
would receive, But his Excellency Replyed that The 
Council had right to advise him but when they were 
asked; and That when he wanted their Advice, he 
would call them for that purpose. To which M' Mor- 
ris replyed. That the Council Thought it their Duty to 
Advise his Excellency in matters for his Majesties 
Service And the Good of the province, whether his 
Excellency demands That advice or not, upon which 
the Governor Said: When I want The advice of the 
Council I shall ask for it. To which M"" Morris Again 

' Thomas Leonard's signature is not appended to the document. 




replied: I believe, Sir, the Council will hardly wait 
for that. And Then his Excellency left the Council 

The above facts, being reduced to writing Immedi- 
ately after the Governor went away, are true As Wit- 
ness our hands in the Council Chamber at Perth 
Amboy This Sixteenth day of December One thousand 
Seven hundred and forty Eight. 


Communication from Members of the Council to Gov- 
ernor Belcher — relative to the advice to be given 
liim by tlie Council. 

I From Original Draft among the Papers of James Alexander, Vol. III. No. 'JS. in the 
Rutherfunl Collection.] 

May it please your Excellency 

It is with very Great CV)ncern we find our Selves 
under a necessity of Applying to your Excellency in 
The manner we now do, but The Duty of our Stations 
and the Oaths we have taken as Members of his Majes- 
ties Council will not permit us to neglect any thing 
that may Tend to the Support of his Majesties Au- 
thority, to the preservation of his peace, or to the 
Suppression of the Treasons and Traitorous Designs 
that do now, and for a long time past have Subsisted 
and been Carried on in this province, in which his 
Majesties authority and (xovernment have been pub- 
lickly Slighted and treated with open Contempt, we 
Should have been heartily Glad if your Excellency had 
been pleased to have C(^nsulted his Majesties Council 
on the important affairs of this Province, or by meet- 
ing with them as a Privy Council, you had given Them 
an opportunity of Laying before you and Giving your 
Excellency their thoughts and advice upon the present 
Disorders of the province. 

Had your Exc?' been pleased to have Complied with 
the humble request of his Majesties Council on friday 
last, when we had the honour of your presence in the 
Council Chamber, by giving us an opportunity of 
Laying Some things before you relating to his Majes- 
ties Service and the peace and Safety of the province, 
we Should then have Communicated to your Excel! ^ 
the resolutions the Council had that Day, in their 


Legislative Capacity, come into upon the house of 
Assembly's refusing to do any Thing to Suppress a 
Treasonable Conspiracy against his Majesties Govern- 
ment, and have Shewn to your ExcelK the Dangerous 
Consequence of Such their refusal, and how much it 
tended to increase these disorders and to encourage 
the Rebells and Traitors to go on in their Treasonable 
Attempts; we Should have Shewn to your Excellency 
how unreasonable it was to expect any Thing from an 
Assembly upon any future application to whom that 
matter had been recommended no less than Eight 
different times, without Effect, and the Absolute 
necessity of an immediate application to his Majesty 
and his Ministers, before whom we conceived the State 
and Condition of this province ought from time to 
time, but more Especially at this Time to be Laid: We 
Should have Laid before your Exc?' the Informations 
we had received That Some of the Magistrates and 
officers in this part of the province had encouraged 
those publick Disturbances, and others had been very 
faulty and remiss in their Duties, and humbly have 
recommended to your Excellency their Removal, and 
the making others in Their Stead; And as Great Num- 
bers of men who Stand indicted and regularly accused 
of high Treason did and Still do go publickly about the 
province in high Contempt of the Royal Authority, 
and are Daily exciting his Majesties Subjects to Trea- 
son and rebellion, we Should humbly have advised 
your Excellency, in order to prevent his Majesties yet 
innocent Subjects from being led away from their 
Duty, to have Issued a proclamation against Those 
persons that are So indicted and accused, and who 
Stand out by force against The Officers of Justice Then 
by declaring Them Rebells against our Sovereign Lord* 
the King, and in his Majesties Name, forbidding aU 
his Subjects within this province from having any 
intercourse or Commerce with them; And this we 


Conceived would prevent the Treasonable infection 
from Spreading So far and So fast as it otherwise 
might; All these Things we Should in most humble 
manner have laid before your Excellency, as we 
thought it our Duty and what his Majesties Service 
required at a time when part of the province was and 
Still is in an o])en Rebellion, had not your Excellency 
refused to receive them, by Declaring that his Majes- 
ties Council had no right to give any advice till it was 
asked, and immediately leaving the Council Chamber 
We are Sorry to differ from your Excellency in 
opinion upon this matter. But Cannot help thinking 
that it is the Duty of his Majesties Council, and agree- 
able to their oaths, to Lay before your Excellency 
from time to time what they may Conceive Necessary 
for his Majesties Service and the good and Safety of 
this his province, and we are humbly of opinion That 
it would be for liis Majesties Service if your Excel- 
lency was yet to take the measures we were then 
about to advise. But this we must huuibly Submit to 
your Excellency, we Do Assure your Exc^ That it is 
with great grief and Concern we behold the Present 
Distracted State of this unhappy Province, exposed to 
the ravages of a Rebellious Mob who by the encour- 
agement they have received are grown so Bold and 
Numerous as to bid open and public defiance to the 
Government, to Break through all Laws, and to plun- 
der the Estates of his Majesties faithful Subjects, with 
impunity; And we Shall as in Duty Bound Continue 
our Utmost endeavours to Suppress these Disorders 
and restore the peace of the Province, and by a Steady 
and faithfull adherence to the Duty of our Stations by 
a firm opposition to every Thing That may Lessen his 
Majesties authority and bring his Government into 
Contempt, and by Endeavouring to advance the real 
interest and happiness of the people of the province 
we Doubt not we Shall approve our Selves his Majes- 


ties Loyall Subjects and worthy of the Trust he has 
been pleased to place in us; and by that respect which 
is always due to his Majesties representative, Show 
our Selves at all times Your Excellency's 

most obedient and most humble Servants 
Perth Aniboy Ja: Alexander Rob?" H: Morris 
Decembr 22? 1748 Edw? Antill Ja" Hude 

And'X Johnston Peter Kemble 
To his Excell- Jonathan Belcher Esq' 

[The following is appended after the names in the 
original draft, but there is nothing to indicate where 
it was inserted in the document as sent. J 

Had your Excellency been Pleased to have kept 
these Traitors and Rioters at a greater Distance from 
the Person of the King's Representative, we Cannot 
Conceive that it Could have been in The least Preju- 
dicial to his Majesties Honour and Service; But When 
men, who your Excellency knew stood indicted of 
high treason, were admitted into private Conference 
with your Excellency, and Suffered, unmolested, to 
Depart; it is not to be wondej-ed, That They Think 
They have right to appear any where else with the 
Like Impunity; and how prejudicial the publick and 
open Appearance of these Daring people has been to 
his Majesties Authority, your Excellency can be at no 
Loss to know. 


Address of Members of the Conncil of New Jersey to 
the King — on the present condition of the Prov- 

[From P. R. O. America and West Indies Vol. XIV, p. 133.) 

To THE Kings most Excellent Majesty. 

The humble Address and Representation of 
Several of the Members of His Majesty ^s 
Council for the Province of New Jersey. 

Most Gracious Sovereign 

We, the Members of Your Majesty's Council, for 
the Province of New Jersey, think it our Duty to lay 
before Your Majesty the Present State and Condition 
of this Province. 

We do, therefore, humbly beg leave to represent to 
Your Majesty that, in the year 1745, when Your 
Majesty was employ'd In carrying on a War against 
France & Spain, & in quelling an Unnatural Rebelhon 
then Raging in Great Britain, great Numbers of men 
in this Province, not regarding that Duty of Allegiance 
which is due to Your Most Sacred Majesty, enterVl 
Into Combinations to set themselves up in publick 
Opposition to Your Majesty's Authority & Govern- 
ment, And by Artful false Tales, & wicked Insinua- 
tions, have Assotiated to themselves great numbers of 
the most Ignorant People of this Province; In conse- 
quence of these Combinations they have, By their 
Declarations & Practices, deny'd Your Majesty's Right 
to the Soil and Government of Your Plantations, 
Avowing that the Royal Grants thereof are Void & 
fraudulent; And have for three Years past, treated 


Your Majesty's Name, Authority & Government here, 
v^ith the most Contemptous Shghts; Breaking open 
Goals, appointing Officers, raising Money, marching 
about the Province In large Bodies, And plundering 
the Estates of those that do not joyn them; And, tho' 
many of these Disturbers v^ere long ago Indicted for 
High Treason, Yet, such is their number & strength 
that it has not been in the Power of the Government 
to bring one of them to Trial. 

We beg leave to Assure Your Majesty that your 
Council for this Province have done their utmost 
Endeavours to put a Stop to an Evil so dangerous in 
its Consequences, And were in expectation that the 
Assembly of this Province would have heartily joyned 
in supporting Your Majesty's Authority against the 
Treasonable Attempts of a Set of Rebells; But are con- 
cern'd to say that, notwithstanding the strong & fre- 
quent Recommendations of this Matter to them, and 
their Solemn Promisses to strengthen the Hands of 
the Government, they have trifled with it for Three 
Years together. And now refuse to do anything agains*^ 
Them, which wiU give them so much encouragment 
that They may soon overrun this Province, and spread 
the Rebellion into Your Majesty's other Colonies. 

The suffering these traiterous Proceedings to go on 
so long, with Impunity, has brought this unhappy 
Province into such Circumstances, that Your Majestys 
Authority & Laws cease to be a Protection to the Per- 
sons or Estates of your faithful subject here, who are 
threatened with Ruin & Destruction if they attempt 
to oppose these Daring People in the Execution of 
their Treasonable Schemes — 

We therefore think it our Indispensable Duty, and 
Agreeable to the Trust Your Majesty has been Pleased 
to repose in us, to lay these Matters before Your 
Majesty, A more particular Account of which we have 


Transmitted to Your Majesty's Principal Secretary of 
State, and to the Lords for Trade and Plantations. 

We heartily & Sincerely wish Your Majesty a long 
and prosperous Reign; and are, 

May it please Your Majesty 
Your Majesty's most Dutiful Subjects and Servants 

Ja: Alexander 
Rob7 H: Morris 
EdwP Antill 


AndY Johnston 
New Jersey Decemf 22!' 1748. Peter Kemble 

Address of Members of the New Jersey Council to the 
Duke of Bedford— relating to the action of tJie 

[From P. R. O. America and West Imlies, Vol. XIV, p. 13::-M 

Council of New Jersey 

May it Please your Grace 

The Present unhappy state of this Province of New 
Jersey obliges us. Who are of his Majestys Council 
here, to Trouble your Grace with the Inclosed Repre- 
sentation to his Majesty, which we beg your Grace 
would Present. 

Your Grace will see, by this Representation, that 
Numbers of men in this Province have sett themselves 
up Against the Kings Government, and by force Pro- 
tect themselves Against the Laws, and that all the 
Effoi'ts of the Government, to bring them to Justice, 
have been to No Purpose — 

We Should have been glad that this Rebellion had 
been Check'd, by a vigorous Interposition of our own 
Legislature, Which might easily have been Done, had 


the Assembly come into proper Measures, but they 
have, now, after neglecting the thing for three years, 
Absolutely refused to Do anything Against the Eebells 
and Traitors who Continue to go Publickly about the 
Province, Exciting the Kings Subjects to Rebelhon 

What Motives induce the Assembly to Refuse to 
Strengthen the Hands of the Government, we Dare 
not take upon us to Determine, but their refusal Will 
cei'tainly Prove a great Encouragement to these 
Rebells, who are, Already, very Numerous, and are 
Daily growing more formidable — 

We Humbly Requested Ml Belcher, his Majestys 
Governour of this Province, to Join with us in Laying 
this Matter before his Majesty, but he refused, saying- 
he would try what another Sessions of Assembly 
would Do; But, for our parts, from our Knowledge of 
the Members of the House of Assembly, and from 
their Past Conduct in this Affair we are Satisfied that 
there is a great Majority of that House, that will not 
come into any Measures Effectually to Put a Stop to 
these Disorders. 

We, Therefore, think it is our Duty to Lay this Mat- 
ter before your Grace, without any further Delay That 
his Majesty make take Such Measures as he Shall 
think best, to Check the Progress of a Rebellion, that, 
otherwise, may endanger the Dependance of these 
Colonys on the Crown of great Britain. — 

We, herewith. Send your Grace the Minutes of the 
Proceedings of the Council! of New Jersey, So far as 
Concerns that affair, During a late Sessions of the 
Legislature here, Which Ended the Sixteenth Instant, 
And to Which, with the Minutes of Councill and 
Assembly heretofore Transmitted, we beg Leave to 
Referr your Grace, for prooff of the facts in the said 
Representation Settforth And More Particularly to the 
State of facts Entered in the Minutes of Councill of 
January the Eleventh one thousand seven hundred 
and forty seven Eight, And to the Addition thereto, 


Entered in the Minutes of Council herewith, of Decem- 
ber the Eighth Instant, And to the Minutes of Council 
of January lOf 174T-S, by Which it Appears that the 
said State of facts was Communicated To the Assem- 
bly here, and to the Minute of Council of December y" 
12V' instant, by which the Substance of the sf Addition, 
was also communicated to them — 

All which is Most Humbly Submitted to youi- Grace, 
by Your Grace's, Most Obedient & 
■ Perth Amboy Most Humble Servants — 

December 22"'' 1748. Ja: Alexander 

EobT H : Morris 

To the Most Honourable Edw? Antill 

His Grace the Duke of Bedford Ja^ Hude 
His Majesty s Principal AndT Johnston 

Secretary of State Peter Kemble. 

Petition f?'0)n the Council of Proprietors of East 
Jerse/j to tlie King — in relation to the Rioters. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, p. 311, and from Copy among the Papers 

of Ferdinand John Paris in the Library of the New Jersey Historical 

Society, Bundle X, No. 63. 1 

To THE Kings most Excellent Majesty 

The Petition of the Council of Proprietors of 
the Eastern Division of New Jersey in 
behalf of themselves and the rest of the 
General Proprietors of the Soil of the said 
Eastern Division and other his Majestys 
loyal Subjects therein — 

Most hiunJ^tij She we tit 

That New Jersey among other Tracts of Land in 
America was Granted by King Charles the Second to 
His Royal Highness James Duke of York and by him 


Conveyed to Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret 
in the Year 1664 who began to Plant and Improve the 
same; That Sir George Carteret being by a Partition 
Intituled to the Eastern Part of the said Province 
made Considerable Improvements and brought into 
the Province great Numbers of Inhabitants to whom 
he gave Lands as an Encouragement upon smaU rents 

That the said Eastern Part or Division of New Jer- 
sey together with the Po\^ers of Government were 
under the said Sir George Carteret afterwards Con-, 
veyed to Twenty four Persons who were called the 
General Proprietors and who went on in Planting and 
Improving the said Province at their own very great 
Cost and Charge. 

That the said Proprietors Exercised the Powers of 
Government in the said Province from the time of 
their Grant in 1664 till the Year 1702 when they made 
a Surrender thereof to the Crown reserving to them- 
selves the Eents and Soil and aU things granted them 
as aforesaid the Government only excepted — 

That her late Majesty Queen Anne of glorious 
Memory was graciously Pleased to Accept of the said 
Surrender and to take the said Province of New Jersey 
under her immediate Administration and Government 
and was also most graciously Pleased upon her Eoyal 
Word to Promise the Protection of the Crown of Eng- 
land to the Proprietors and People of New Jersey in 
aU their Civil and Religious Rights — 

That Your Majestys Petitioners their Ancestors and 
Predecessors have always demeaned themselves with 
great Submission to the Royal Authority and to the 
Government and Laws exercised in the said Province 
and hoped to have their Rights and Propertys main- 
tained and Protected by those Laws to which they had 
so been obedient and Submissive 

But so it is may it Please Your Majesty That great 
Numbers of Men taking advantage of a Dispute Sub- 


sisting between the Branches of the Legislature of 
this Province and of a most Unnatural Rebellion at 
that time Raging in Great Britain Entered into a Com- 
bination to Subvert the Laws and Constitution of this 
Province and to obstruct the Course of Legal Proceed- 
ings; To which end they by their Practices by false 
Tales and wicked Insinuations artfully invented and 
industriously Spread Abroad endeavoured to infuse 
into the Minds of the People that neither Your Majesty 
nor Your Noble Progenitors Kings and Queens of 
England had any Right whatsoever to the Soil or Gov- 
ernment of America and that Your Majesties and their 
Grants thereof were Void and fraudulent and having 
by those Means Associated to themselves great Num- 
bers of the Poor and Ignorant Part of the People of 
this Province They in the Month of September 174:5 
began to carry into Execution their wicked Schemes 
when in a Riotous manner they broke open the Goal 
of the County of Essex and took from thence a Pris- 
oner there Confined by due Process of Law; and have 
since that time gon on like a Torrent bearing down all 
before them Dispossessing some People of their Estates 
and giving them to their Accomplices Plundering the 
Estates of others who do not join with them and 
dividing the Spoil amongst them breaking open Your 
Majesty s Prisons as often as any of them are Commit- 
ted and rescuing their Accomplices fr(^m thence and 
Keeping daily in Armed Numbers and Travelling often 
in Armed Multitudes to different Parts of this Province 
for those Purposes, to the great damage and Terror of 
the People and trampling upon all Law and Authority 
so that Your Majestys Government and Laws liave 
for above three Years last Past ceased to be that Pro- 
tection to the lives and Properties of the People here 
which Your Majesty Intended they should be — 

And Your Pet'" do further Shew to Your Majesty 
that these bold and daring Peo])le not in the least 


regarding that Allegiance which is due to Your Sacred 
Majesty have presumed to Establish Courts of Justice 
and appoint Captains and Officers over Your Majesty s 
Subjects; to lay and Collect Taxes and to do many 
other things in Contempt of Your Majestys Authority 
to which they refuse to pay any Kind of Obedience — 

That all the endeavours of the Government and 
Magistrates have to put the Laws in Execution have 
been hitherto in vain; for notwithstanding many of 
these Common Disturbers Stand Indicted for High 
Treason in Levying War against Your Majesty yet 
such is the Weakness of this Government, That they 
have not been able to bring One of them to tryal and 

That Your Majestys Pet!'^ have long waited in Ex- 
pectation of a Vigorous Interposition of the Legisla- 
ture of this Province in Order to give force to the Laws 
and to enable Your Majestys Officers to carry them 
into Execution But the House of Assembly after neg- 
lecting the thing for a long time have at last refused 
to afford the Government any Assistance for want of 
which Your Petitioners Estates are left a Prey to a 
EebellioQS Mob and Your Majestys Government Ex- 
posed to the repeated insults of a Sett of Traitors — 

That Your Majestys Pet? having in Vain apply ed to 
the Legislature here for that Protection which they 
think themselves Intituled to as faithful Subjects to 
Your Majesty and having not the least hopes or Ex- 
pectations that their Persons or Properties will be pro- 
tected by their own Legislature Do find themselves 
under a necessity of laying this their Petition at the 
Feet of Your most Sacred Majesty the gracious 
Guardian and Protector of all Your faithful Subjects — 

Your Petitioners therefore in behalf of themselves 
and the rest of Your Majestys faithful Subjects within 
this Province Do humbly beseech Your Majesty to take 
the Deplorable Case of this Your Province of New- 


Jersey into Your Consideration and to put a Stop to 
the said growing Rebellion therein by such ways and 
means as Your Majesty in Your great Wisdom shall 
think fit That Your Majestys Authority and Laws 
may be therein restored and preserved and Your Pet'* 
and other Your Majestys Loyal Subjects may by and 
under them be Protected in the enjoyment of their 
Lives and Propertys. 

And Your Pet" as in Duty bound shall evei' Pray &c'!' 
By Ordei" of the C^ouncil of Proprietors 


Perth Amboy December 28'' 1748 

Letter from James Alexander and Robert H. Morris 
to Ferdinand John Paris — on New Jersey Riots. 

[From the Original Letter among the Papers of Mr. Paris in the Library of the 
N. J. Hist/ Society, compared with the Original Draft among Alex- 
ander Papers, Vol. in, No. IS, in Rutherfiu'd Collection.] 

Perth Amboy in New Jersey 
December 28, 1748 

We were in hopes that the Methods taken against 
the Rioters at the Session of the Legislature of this 
Province of Last Winter, appearing by the Last Leaf 
of the Bound Book of the Bill in Chancery against 
Elizabeth Town * "' ^' "'" would have proved 
Effectual, but we are Sorry to Inform you that no 
more than Twent// tJiree of the many hundreds of 


Rioters, have Accepted of the Pardon Tendered them, 
And the Rioters during the Six Months Given them to 
Accept of it, & ever since, Continued in their former 
Courses, of phindering the Estates of those who did not 
Join them, And in Increasing their Numbers & Raise- 
ing of moneys for their Defence 

Considering the Resolves & Declarations of the house 
of Assembly of Last Winter, there was no Reason to 
hope (as their Duty was) Seeing these Means had 
Proved ineffectual, that They would, at their next 
Sitting, thereafter have fallen on more Effectual 
Measures to have Reduced Those Men, by Force, to an 
Obedience to the Laws, but that next Setting Ended 
on the 16*'' Inst. & no one thing done by them for that 
purpose, Tho' in the strongest Manner Applyed to by 
the Governour & Council, Severally, for that purpose. 

Their Minutes we hear They have Sent to be printed, 
which will Show the World their Refusal to do any 
Thing on these Several Strong Applications, which 
most Men think will have Just the Same bad Effect 
with the Rioters, as if They had Declared Expressly in 
their Favour, and we make no Doubt but that the 
Rioters will so Interprett it. Seeing they have, all 
along, given out that the Assembly were their friends, 
and their not ExpeUing of John Low, out of their 
house, who Owns himself to be one of the Committee 
of the Rioters & who was proved undenyably by the 
Proprietor's 2'^ Publication to have Imposed a falsehood 
on the Assembly, and who it's greatly Suspected was 
the Adviser of the first Riott at Newark, gives great 
Grounds to Suspect there's too much Truth in what 
the Rioters Give out, that They fear nothing from the 
Assembly, which has been one Great Inducement to 
People to Join with Them, and this Refusal of the 
Assembly they wiU Show as Proof of that, which 
Gives great Reason to fear that people will, faster than 
ever, Inlist with them. 


InclosVl you have by one Ship a Letter from Six of 
the Members of the Council here to his Grace the Duke 
of Bedford Secretary of State & in another, Copy of 
this, by another Ship a Copy of the Same, with a Let- 
ter to the Board of Trade open, Each of which Contain 
a Representation to his Majesty of the State of this 
Province, in Relation to the Rioters & Counterfeiters 
& Copys of the Minutes of Council of Last Sessions 
Ending 16*" Inst, so far as Concerns the Rioters. 

Inclos'd you have also a Petition to his Majesty from 
the Council of Proprietors here. 

We Leave it intirely to You, whether you will pro- 
ceed on the Representation And Petition both together, 
or any one of them in Order for obtaining such Inter- 
position as his Majesty or Ministers, shall think proper, 
if you intend to proceed on the petition only, then. We 
Submitt if the Secretary's & Board of Trade's Letters 
should not be delivered some Time before, & See what 
Effect these have, for possibly these alone, may have 
all the Effect we Desire. 

The proofs necessary, you'll find Pointed to by the 
brief State of Facts Entered in the Minutes of Council 
of January 11*'' Last [1747] and in the Addition to it, 
in the Minutes of Council of December 8'!' Inst. [1748] 
whereof Copys are herewith. The former Minutes 
were, no Doubt Long ago Sent fo the Secretary & 
Board of Trade, by his Excellency, Our Governour. 

As to the Proof of the Facts, in the State of January 
11"', as a Copy of that State was Dehver'd to the Com- 
mittee of the Assembly (as was Ordered by the Instruc- 
tions of the Council of the 11"' and Reported to be done 
by the Minutes of Council of Jan'ry, 19"' 1747-8) We 
think that, with the Being ready to prove Each Fact, 
& the Assembly's not Denying any of Them with the 
Turning to the Minutes of Council, & Assembly, 
therein Referred to, may be fully Sufficient, without 
the Depositions themselves 


So far the proof of the State of Facts of December 
8^" 1748, the Mmutes of Council and Assembly, & Acts 
past Last Winter, therein Referred to, are all before 
the Secretary and Board of Trade, & may be Turn'd 
to, And as to the Depositions therein Referred to the 
Substance of them was Entered in the Minutes of 
Council, when taken by them, and you'll find them in 
the Copy of the Minutes, herewith — 

■ir w vl- -a- ■vf vr -;r * -K- 

You'll Engage the Attorney & Sollicitor General in 
the Matter; And if they and his Majesty's Ministers 
be but made Sensible of the Insults on the Royal 
Authority here, The Refuseals of the Rioters of the 
pardon Tendered them ife to Submitt to his Majesty's 
Government, & Denyals of the Rights of the Crown 
to the Soil of the Plantations, which Tends to Throw 
all Concern with, or Dependance on, the Crown of 
Brittain, We Doubt not but that they will soon think 
it a matter of more moment, than the Case of Porteous 
was at Edinburgh, which had no such Dangerous 
Tendency, & that was but one Riott, Whereas here we 
have Collected Proofs of above Twenty, and there 
might have been many more Committed, than there 
has been. Seeing the Rioters were Determin'd to Break 
all prisons, in which any of Them were Confined & 
for that Reason all process of Law, at the Suit of per- 
sons Injured by them, has been Stopt as useless. 

If this Intention should Prevail, in this province, it 
will soon Spread into the Rest & may be the Spark 
that may raise a Flame in aU the Plantations, which 
will Burn up & Destroy all Dependance of the Planta- 
tions on the Crown of Brittain, untill the Crown 
Expend some Millions to Reduce them 

It was in the Power of the Assembly, now, in a few 
Weeks, to have Raised sufficient Forces, & Money to 
Pay Them, to bring the Rioters & Traitors to Justice, 
as will appear by the papers Sent; We Submitt to you 


whether some good Lawyer should not be Em])loyed 
to State the Case from the papers Sent & Referred to 
And Therein Putt the Question, whether it was not 
Ci'iminal in the Assembly here, to Suffer the Continu- 
ance of the Treasons & Riotts here, for above three 
Years, And to Refuse doing that which was in their 
Power to Do, to bring these Traitors to Justice and 
what was that Crimed 

We as little desire, as the Assembly, that the Crown 
should be at the Expense of Sending Forces from Eng- 
land to Quell the Growing Rebellion here, & yet, if 
long Delayed we Fear that there will be an Absolute 
Necessity of it, the Means that the Council thought 
would be sufficient, appear by their Resolves of De- 
cember s*." Inst. How Long these will be sufficient 
we know not, after the Encouragement Griven by the 
Assembly to the Traitors, that They will do nothing 
against Them — 

But yet we should be glad that the first Means Used 
by the Crown, should be the Opinion of the Attorney 
& Sollicitor General of the C^rime, that the Assembly 
Men are Guilty of, by Voting for doing nothing against 
the Traitors & Rioters, after a three Years Continu- 
ance of their wicked Courses known to them, and that 
that Opinion should be Inclos'd in a Letter to the Gov- 
ernour, from the Secretary of State or Board of Trade, 
Ordering the Governour to Call the Assembly forth- 
with & to Acquaint them that, if they do not Effectu- 
ally Strengthen the hands of the Government, to bring 
the Traitors & Rioters, Coiners & Counterfeiters to 
Justice, with the Utmost Speed, and by such Means 
as the Ministry shall Direct, that, then Force shall ba 
Sent to bring them to Justice & to make Examples, 
in the first place, of the Assembly Men, who Neglected 
their Duty ! We are in great Hopes, that this Method 
might still be Effectual, unless the Traitors & Rioters 


grow much more in Number & Strength, before these 
Orders Come, than they have at Present— 


You'll See, by the Minutes of Council now Sent, that 
the Eioters are Gott to Plundering the Lands of Mess'-* 
Penns & of Dockwrae. The Council of Proprietors have 
Receiv'd with Gratitude, your Accounts of the kind & 
Effectual Advice & Assistance of Mess" Penns on the 
Affair of the Councillours, if which Matter had not 
been Secured, we doubt not but, before this Time, the 
Rioters would have made themselve Masters of this 
Government, & have Carried all before them — We 
doubt not, but that Mess" Penns will again give you 
all the Assistance in their power — M!" Bowles the 
Owner of Dockwrae's Land, we hear is dead, & who 
the now Owner is We know not, but probably Mr Wil- 
liam Coxe, now Gone for London, can acquaint you, 
his Lands have greatly Suffered. The New Jersey 
Society have much Concern in this Matter as all the 
People, Seated on their Lands, have Joined the Rioters. 
The Speaker of the Assembly here, M- Nevill now 
Sends a Coppy of the Minutes of the Assembly of the 
Last Sessions to Lord Anson, who was an old Ac- 
quaintance of his, how far he can be of Service, We 
know not, but if the Governour should Delay Sending 
the Minutes, probably Lord Anson May Send y >u that 
Copy of the Minutes, Mr Nevill has promis'd to Give 
Us his Letter to Lord Anson to be Delivered by you, 
with our Open Cover, Including the Minutes of 
Assembly Which you may peruse before you Deliver 
with the Letter 

As it has been Suggested that these Disorders are 
nothing but a Private Dispute Between the Rioters 
and proprietors. So we think it necessary to Observe 
to You that the proprietors have no other Concern in 
the Dispute than Persons Owning Estates in the Prov- 
ince which they think it their Right to have Protected 


by the Laws of the Country and the Estates of others, 
as well as theirs, have been, and Continue to be, plun- 
dered by the Traitors and Rioters 

We would therefore have you aware of that Piece of 
Artifice which We Expect the Rioter's Friends will 
Endeavour to Infuse into the Minds of the Ministry, 
in Order to prevent their Interposition 

We Chose to have the petition to the King Signed 
by the President of the Council of Proprietors only, 
because two others of the Council of Pi-oprietors are 
also of his Majesty's Council, Signing the Representa- 
tion, Should you be Advis'd to have the Names of the 
particular proprietors to it, or to Change the Form of 
it, you may, and putt those Names to it who appear 
to be Complainants in the Bill in Chancery against 
Elizabeth Town : — Endeavour to have the Sending to 
Us, of the publick Orders that may be Given * * 
We are Your most humble Servants 

[Endorsed Publick Ja: Alexander 

rec? 17. Mar. IT4S-0] Rob' H: Morris. 

[Accompanying this was a " Private " letter, giving 
the grounds for their belief that Governor Belcher was 
acting in behalf of the "Traitors and Rioters," and 
cautioning M' Paris against any acts or proceedings 
inimical to the Council or to the Proprietors. — Ed.] 


Letter from James Alexander to John Coxe — relative 
to the action of Governor Belcher. 

I From Copy among the Papers of Ferdinand John Paris in the N. J. Hist. Soe. 

Library, Bundle X, No. 65, and the Orignal Draft in the Alexander 

Papers, Vol. IH. No. 29, in the Rutherfurd Collection. | 

To John Coxe Esq"" at Trenton 

New York Dec 31 1748 

D'- Sir 

I wrote to you the 17"' Instant, and inclosed one of 
the 16"' both v^^rote at request of the Gentlemen of the 
Council then at Perth Aniboy; They would have been 
heartily Glad of your Assistance in the matter then 
wrote to you of, which they finished on Thursday the 
22? of this Instant, & they now Go by the Ship Anti- 
lope ready to Sail. I was desired by those Gen^ to 
Send you a Coppy of a Letter which they Conceived it 
their Bounden Duty then to write to his Excellency 
the Govr They would have also therewith Sent the 
Lists for the Commissions of the peace and pleas of 
Middlesex and Somerset, whereof Coppies are here- 
with, and referred his Excellency to the Lists for 
Essex and Bergen, Before delivered to his Excellency 
by Chief Justice Morris; But that his Excellency had 
declared to Some of the Council, That he would take 
it very ill at their hands to recommend without Being 
ask'd; and if they did, That He would Commissionate 
other persons, and not one of those that Should be So 
recommended: or to that purpose. Which Declara- 
tion, those Gen' of the Council thought very Extraor- 
dinary in its Nature, because his ExcelU' by his Instruc- 
tions (which we have all heard him often Declare he 
was in his Majesties presence Sworn to obey) is Bound 


to appoint Judges Justices and Sheriffs by advice of 
Council, which is one of the Articles particularly 
agreed on to be inserted in the Instructions before the 
Surrender of the Government, and Consequently one 
of the Terms on which it was Surrendered, and duely 
observed by the Crown in all instructions ever Since, 
And as the Eastern Councellors would absolutely 
refuse to advise his Exc?' in Granting Such Commis- 
sions for the Western CViunties, because the Western 
Councellors must be presumed to be best acquainted 
with the people there and most fit to advise in that 
matter, So the Eastern Councellors doubt not 
(Especially in this Time of Danger from the Growing- 
Rebellion) but that for the Like reason. The Western 
Councellors will decline advising his Excellency in the 
appointment of any Judges Justices or Sheriffs in the 
Eastern Division unless they have the Sentiments of 
the Eastern Councellors on that head. Which Senti- 
ments I was desired to acquaint you with, by Sending 
the inclosed Lists for Middlesex and Somerset, & 
Referring to those for Bergen and Essex, formerly 
delivered to his Exc^' by the Chief Justice, rather 
Chusing by this way to Serve his Majesty, Than by 
insisting on our right to recommend, to I'un the risque 
of Increasing the Confusions, already too great in The 

His Excellency has very good reason at present to 
Grant New Commissions of the peace and pleas, in the 
Eastern Division, because Severals formerly appointed 
are dead, others refused to be quallified, and, by Depo- 
sitions lately taken by the Council at Perth Amboy, 
and Communicated to his Exc'', and by him laid before 
the Assembly, others appear to be Concerned with the 
Rioters and encouragers of them; for those reasons 
the Eastern Councellors hoped his Excellency would 
have advised with them for the Supplying and amend- 
ing those things; and possibly upon receipt of the 


Letter to him; whereof Coppy is inclosed, he may Still 
think it his Duty to advise w^ith the Council on this 
head and as I doubt not the western Councellors will 
decline advising him, as to Eastern Magistrates, where 
they are unacquainted with the people, he may for 
that reason think it proper to Summon the Eastern 
Councellors; which they could not but look on as a 
Great hardship for men of their ages to be oblidged to 
Travell two, three or four Score Miles at this bad time 
of year, and at their own Charge, because of his 
ExcelF' Neglect to advise with Them during the five 
weeks that they were with him Lately at Perth Am- 
boy, and because of his refusal at last to hear their 
advice on that matter, and because by this he may 
without Summoning them to Come So Great a Dis- 
tance at this time of year, be informed of their 
opinions as to the point of Judges and Justices, which 
they Chose this way to give that he might not imagine 
himself Bound by his promise before mentioned to 
refuse them, because we recommended Them without 
being ask'd. 

As to the Proclamation proposed in The Letter, our 
Sentiments as to the form appears in it. The Names 
of the persons appear by the Attorney Generall's List 
of persons indicted of high Treason, which is N? 32 of 
the papers Numbered by the Council last winter. Sub- 
tracting therefrom the Names of Edmond Bainbridge, 
Samuel Price, Dollings Hegeman Jun! and David 
Breaiiy, who only have Complyed with the Terms of 
the Pardon of all that were Indicted for high Treason, 
To those are to be added the Names of the persons 
known by Depositions N° . to . To have Broke 
Trenton Gaol last winter and rescued David Brearly, 
therein Committed for high Treason, to those ought 
also to be added the twelve persons Known by John 
Styles Deposition taken by the Council on Dec' 1-^ last, 
of those who Broke open the Gaol of Essex and res- 


cued Amos Roberts from thence on the 2S'^ of Novem- 
ber last. 

The Said Gen^ of the Council doubt not but that 
you'll use your Endeavours in the most prudent w^ay, 
and with the least offence possible to his Excellency, 
to get New Commissions Issued pursuant to the Said 
Lists, and for Issuing Such proclamation, without 
putting Them to the Trouble of attending his Excel- 
lency at Burlington in This Bad Season of the year. 

I had almost forgot to tell you That as to the procla- 
mation his Exc?' was the very first person who pro- 
posed it in private Company to Some of the Gentlemen 
of the Council and Desired Them to think of it. 

I am &c Ja: Alexander 

To John Coxe Esq^ at Trenton 

P. S. as to our representation to his Majesty you'U 
find it all & much more in The Minutes of Council of 
the last Session at Perth Amboy, which I hope you'll 
read the first time you go to Burlington. 

A State of Facts Concernhig the Riots and Insurrec- 
tions in New Jersey, and the Remedies Attempted 
to Restore the Peace of the Province. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G 15.] 

A Brief State of Facts/ concerning the Riots 
& Insurrections, in New Jersey & the 
Remedys, attempted, by the Government 

' The within State of Facts is not drawn up now, for any particular purpose, but 
was drawn up, & afterwards approved, by his Maj'y" Council, in New Jersey (the 
former part of it in Janf> 1747, & the latter part of it In Dec 1748), from Original 
Papers w'ch had been layed before the Councill & Assembly there, And Com''.'" of 
Council were appointed, & the within State of Facts was Ordered to be layed, by 
such Com'r'^" of Council, liefore the Assembly, at free Conferences, w"ch were 
demanded, in Order lo have induced the Assembly to come into Measures to 
strengthen the hands of the Government in New Jersey. Reced from M' Paris. 


& the several Branches of the Legislature, 
to put an End to them, & to restore the 
Peace of the Province. 

In the years 1744 & 1745, a Difference unhappily 
subsisted, between the Branches of the Legislature of 
this Province: It no Way concerns the Matter, who 
was right, or who was wrong, in the Points in Differ- 
ence, but the Consequence thereof, in Fact, was, That 
the Governm^ remained unsupported, & divided, &, 
thereby, was much weakened. 

In the Year 1745, a most wicked & unnatural Rebel- 
lion broke out, in Great Britain, by the Adherents of 
a Popish Pretender to His Maj*f* Crown, while the 
Nation was at the same Time engaged in War, with 
two Potent Nations, France & Spain, w'ch rendered it 
improbable that any Force could be Spared, from Great 
Britain, to quell any Eebellion in America. 

By the Affidavits & Papers herein referred to, it will 
ajjpear. That a Number of Evil minded Men (taking 
Advantage, of that divided & weak State of the Gov- 
ernm' of this Province, & of that Time of War & 
Rebellion in Gr. Br,) entred into a Combination, & 
Agreement, to obstruct the Course of legal Proceed- 
ings, & to protect themselves from His Maj'^* known 
Officers, & from the Process of the Law, in every Case, 
let their Crimes be ever so high; And, in Execution of 
this Scheme, it appears 

That, on the 19*^ Sepp: 1745 100. Men, armed with 
Clubs, Axes & Crow Bars, came, in a riotous & tumul- 
tuous Manner, to the Goal of the County of Essex, &, 
having broke it open took, from thence. One Samuel 
Baldwin, committed on an Action of Trespass wherein 
he had refused to give Bail, or enter an Appearance. 

That, these riotous People, then, boasted of the 
great Numbers they could bring together, on any 
Occasion, & gave out many threatning Expressions 


ag' the Persons that sho^ endeavour to punish them 
for this their Crime; Saying, if any of them were 
taken, they would come to his Rehef with twice the 
Number they then had, & bring with them 100 Indians. 

Two Justices of Essex, with the Undersheritt", 
according to their Duty, made a Record on their View, 
ag' 27. of the Rioters, known to them, & many other 
Evil doers & Disturbers of the Kings Peace, to them 
unknown; Which was returned into the Supream 
Court, & Process issued from thence ag- the Delin- 

This Matter being layd before the late Govi' he was 
so justly apprehensive of the dangerous Consequences, 
of so open & notorious a Contempt of His Maj\^^ Au- 
thority, <t the Laws of the Land, that he thought, the 
Aid of the Legislature necessary to prevent them & 
therefore recommended, in the strongest Terms, to the 
then Assembly the granting such Aid, by his Speech 
to them on the 2s. Sejf' 1745; But, so it hapned, that 
the then Govr & the Assembly differed in Opinion as 
to that Matter, As by the said Speech, the Assembly's 
Answer to it on the 3? of Ocfl' & the Gov""' Reply, on 
the 18'!' appears. 

And the s^ late Gov^ was also pleased on the IS'? of 
Oct 1745, by the Advice of His Maj'^^ Council, to issue 
his Orders, to His Maj'.'" Att^ GenJ to proceed, with all 
convenient Speed, to prosecute, by Information, or 
other lawful Methods, the psons concerned in the s^ 
Riots; And the Gov!" at the same Time, by the Advice 
of His Maj'-y* Co" issued his Warrant, directed to the 
Sheriffs of the Co*^' of Essex, commanding him, to 
make dihgent Search for, & to apprehend, the s^ Riot- 
ers, & thereby farther command^' aU Officers, & other 
His Maj^'' Leige Subjects, to be aiding & assisting, to 
the s-' Sheriff, in the Execution of the said Warrant. 

On the 15"' of Jmf." 1745, the Sheriff' of Essex, by 
Vertue of the Gov" s-' Warrant, & in Obedience to the 


Process of the Supreme Court, issued upon the s^ Rec- 
ord, arrested & took RoU Young, Tho' Sarjant, & 
Nehemiah Baldwin, three of the Persons that stood 
convicted, by the Record of View before ment;' On the 
16*.'' of Jan'.-' as he v^as carrying the s? Baldwin before 
One of the Justices of the Supreme Court, agreeable to 
the Commands of the Gov" Warrant, he, & the People 
whom he had called to his Assistance were assaulted, 
by a great Number of Men, armed with Clubs & other 
Weapons, who, in a most violent Manner, rescued & 
carry ed away, the Prisoner, notwithstanding all the 
Sheriff & his Officers could do to prevent it. The 
Sheriff then returned to the Goal, in Order to Secure 
the other two Prisoners, & being Colonel of the Militia, 
he had posted a Guard, of 30. Men, at the Goal armed 
with Firelocks for that Purpose. 

It appears that, at 2 o'clock in the Afternoon, great 
Numbers of People came together in a riotous & 
tumultuous manner in the Town of Newark, that they 
pay'd no Regard to the Commands of the Magistrates 
to disperse, or to the ProcP made to them in the Kings 
Name, according to the Statute of the 1^'^ of George, 
but continued together. 

It appears that CoU Chetwood sent two Captains, 
who had the Command of the Newark Companys, 
with their Drums, to the People, so assembled who, 
accordingly went, & required those Men that belonged 
to their Companys, to follow the Drums, but none 
regarded those Commands, 

It appears that one Amos Roberts, a principal lead- 
ing Man among these Common Disturbers, at that 
Time, mounted his Horse, & called out. Those who are 
upon mij List follow me, Which ail, or the greatest 
Part, accordingly did, being then about 300. in Num- 

It appears that, the s^ Roberts & his Accomplices, 
met & aimed, as before, came to the Goal in a violent 


Manner, & having beat & broke thro' the Guard, & 
struck the Sheriff several Blows, they broke open the 
Goal Doors, & took from thence the two Prisoners 
above mentioned, & one other, confined for Debt, & 
then, they gave it out, that if they had stayed till the 
next Day, they should have had three Times the Num- 

Upon this second Riot, the Sheriff & those Justices, 
then present, made a Record thereof, on their own 
View, ag'. the s'^ Roberts & 57. Others by Name, In- 
habitants of the C^ountys of Essex & Morris, & Others, 
to them unknown, to the Number of P)00, at the least. 

On the 4"' of March 1T45, the late Gov' in his Speech 
to then Assembly, informs the Legislature of the last 
mentioned Insurrection, & at the same Time tells 
them, he had done what was judged sufficient, to put 
a Stop to, so growing an Evil, but that it was without 
the Effect intended; And, therefore, recommended 
that Matter, to their serious Consideration. 

A Mihtia Bill was prepared, & passed, by the Assem- 
bly, & sent up to the Council for their Concurrence, 
who also passed it on the IS*.*" of April 1746, & which 
was, soon afterwards, assented to, & enacted, by the 
then Gov!' But, the Council, on considering that Bill, 
conceived that further Remedys were necessary to 
restore the Beace of the Province, & to prevent the 
like Mischiefs for the future, & therefore. 

A Bill was brought into the Council, nearly in the 
Words of the Statute of Great Britain of the first of 
King George, against Riots, expressing the Difference 
of the Occasion thereof, &, instead of being perpetual, 
as in Great Britain, proposed it to be only in Force for 
5. Years; Which Bill was passed by the Council, on 
the 24^'' of April 1740, & sent down to the Assembly 
for their Concurrence. 

The Gent" of the Co'.' considering that most of the 
People concerned in the s-' Riots, are an ignorant Peo- 


pie, & greatly imposed on, by a few wicked & design- 
ing Men, conceiving that a Ge7i' Pardon, for the Crimes 
past, together with the s? Riot Act, wo^ be the easiest 
& most effectual Method, to restore & secure the Peace 
of the Province, & knowing that Mercy to Criminals, 
ought to flow from the Crown, Some of them, there- 
fore, interceded with the then Gov"" to grant a Geui 
Pardon, w'ch he seemed inchnable to do, witho- any 
other Condition than, that those who sho? be entitled 
to the Benefit thereof, sho^ take the Oaths to His Maj'^ 
appointed by the Laws of New Jersey, & give their 
own single Bonds to be of the good Behaviour; And 
accord^,''' the Form of such Act of Gen! Pardon was 
drawn, & that Dra' approved of by him, And the Co" 
had Eeason to bel' he would have granted the same, 
upon the Assembly's passing a Bill to the Purpose of 
the s^ Riot Act, And requesting him to extend His 
MafP Mercy to the Criminals; Which Dra' was also 
communicated to some of the Members of the Assem- 
bly, & they were acquainted with the then Gov"".^ s? 
Intention on that Head. 

On the 26"' of April 174P», M'" Nevill, One of the 
Gent" of the Assembly to whom the s^ Dra- & Inten- 
tions of the then Govr had been communicated, moved 
the House of Assembly that they wo-' be pleased to 
apply to the then Gov!" either by a short Address or 
Mess? as they should think proper to extend His Maj'^^ 
Mercy by a Gen? Pardon. 

On the 1'' of May 1746, the House of Assembly, 
upon the second Reading of the s^ Bill for preventing 
Tumults & riotous Assemblys Ordered it to lye on the 
Table, to be reconsidered at the tiext Session, &. 
ordered it to be printed in their Minutes, w'ch was 
done accordingly. 

. By Affid" taken May 3^ & 8'f 1746, It appears that 
the Infection of the Riots was spreading into West 
Jersey; For that the People settled on that Hundred 


thousand Acre Tract, in the County of Hunterdon, 
belonging to those Proprietors in & abo* London, 
called the West New Jersey Society, within a fort- 
night then last past, had two great Meetings, in Order 
to stand by One Another in Defence of their Poss'ions 
ag* the s^ Prop'* (tho' by the Paper C. N° 8, it appears 
that those People do own the Societys Title to that 
Tract, & that they themselves had no Pretence of 
Right to the same; That they had agreed to a Paper, 
for that Purpose, & about 70. had signed it, at their 
Meeting on the 26'" Day of April; That an Article was, 
That if any Person, seated on the s^ Tract, sho-' refuse 
to sign that Paper, he sho^ be dispossesed, by the Rest, 
& his Improvem' sold, by them to the highest Bidder, 
That sundry People, from Newark, & Eliz* Town, 
were reported to have been present at the last of those 
Meetings, That, about Ten or a Dozen of them 
observed to be riding, continually, backwards & for- 
wards, to & from Newark, Elizabeth Town & Cohan- 
zey, where the Society have other Lands, & it was 
believed in Order to unite all, in One Combination. 

The late Gov!" Lewis Morris Esq'' having Departed 
this Life, on the 21^' of May 1746, the Governmt de- 
volved upon Jn" Hamilton Esq- who appo^'?'* a Meeting 
of the Assembly, & on the 28*" of June 1746, by Advice 
of His Ma.f^^ Co" he made a Speech to them, Sett^ 
forth, in strong Terms, the dangerous Consequences 
of the Proceedings of the Rioters, & the Necessity of 
the Aid of the Legislature in that Matter. 

By this Deposition it appears that on the 5'.'' of 
AiKjKst 1746, sundry Persons, in the County of Ber- 
gen, to the Number of twelve, went, armed with 
Clubs, to the House of One EdW' Jefers, in the s'' 
County who was seated there, by Lease from the 
Prop'".^ of the Eastern Division of New Jersey, on two 
Hundred Acres of Land, which he had built & im- 
proved upon; Which Persons so armed, threatned to 


club him out of Poss'ion, unless he came to some 
Agreem' with M" Valleau, one of the twelve who pre- 
tended Title to the s^ Land; & the s!^ Jeffers, being 
apprehensive that they would execute their Threats 
ag' him, & turn him & his Family out of Doors, con- 
sented to take a Lease from the s^ M'' Valleau, for 100 
Acres of the s-^ Land, containing his House & One 
half of his Improvem'.' & without the Consent of the 
s^ Edward, otherwise than by the Threats aforesaid, 
She gave a Lease of the other 100 Acres, containing 
the other Half of his Improvements, to one John 
Helms, another of the twelve. 

This Deposition informs, that on the 9"' of Septl' 
1746, A Number of People, sayd to be of those called 
the Newark Rioters, had, in a forcible Manner, turned 
out of 'Poss'ion, sev! People, that were settled on a 
Tract of Land, in Essex County, called John Burnet's 
2000!' Acre Tract, & put other People in Poss'ion of 
the Places they were settled on, & that sundry of the 
People guilty of those Riots, were indicted by the 
Grand Jury of the County of Essex, at the Court 
which began there, the 4'.'' Day of Sept'' 1746. 

On the 9'" of October 1746, President Hamilton 
called the Assembly together, at Perth Amboy, & on 
the next Day sent a Message, to them wherein, amoug 
other Things, he referrs them to his s^ Speech of the 
28^'' of June; by which the Cons" of the State of the 
Province in Relation to the Riots was strongly recom- 

On the 2? Day of December 1746, a Multitude of 
People, about 100. in Number, in a violent & riotous 
manner, broke open the Goal of the County of Somer- 
set, & rescued from thence One Abraham Anderson, 
who then there remained in Custody, by Vertue of a 
Writ which issued out of the Supreme Court of this 
Province, at the Suit of the Ex'tors of Dan! Coxe Esqr 
dec? Most of those Rioters were unknown in Somerset 


County, So that only five of them were mdicted for 
that Crime, in April Sessions following, by the Grand 
Jury of the County of Somerset, About 30. of the s!* 
Eioters had come from Essex Co*-'' Back of Newark, 
Some of whom, on their Return being asked the Rea- 
son, why they proceeded, in that Manner, in breaking 
open Goals &c.? Answered, That they did not go on 
Headlong; but they had Advisers in what they did. 

The s"^ Rioters from Essex, behind Newark, in their 
s? Return, from Somerset, formed a Design of coming 
to Perth Amboy, to pull down the House of Sam! Nevill 
Esq' One of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas 
for the Co^-' of Midd'x, & one of the Representatives of 
the Assembly, if the s? Sam' Nevill sho" refuse to 
deliver up, to Tho- Clauson, certain Bonds, wherein 
the s? Clauson stood bound to the sf Nevill, for the 
Paym* of consid"."" Sums of money; which Design 
some of them were for putting in Execution, imedi- 
ately, but Others thought proper to deferr it, till the 
s^' Bonds were first demanded of W Nevill, & if M'' 
Nevill refused to deliver up the Bonds, that their De- 
sign shof then, be put in Execution; and accordingly 
on the 5'?' Day of December the said Clauson did come 
to the said M' Nevill, & demand of him the Bonds 
aforesaid. Saying, He would have them, if he dyed 
for it. 

On the 8"' of Dec': 1T4(), the President cahed together 
His Maj'.' Councill, & layd before them the Depos"' 
concern? the Design ag' M"' Nevill, who thereupon 
advised his Honour to issue his Warrant, to the Sheriff 
of Midd'x, to apprehend the s-' Clauson, or any Per- 
sons that sho-' assemble themselves to execute their 
Threats ag^ M!' Nevill, & if needful, to raise the Posse 
of the s" County, & to arm & array them in a warlike 
manner, which Warrant was accordingly issued. 

The Presid' was pleased, at the same Time, by Ad- 
vice of Council, to issue a Proclamation in his Maj'^' 


name, Forbidding all P'sons to joyn with the s-' Riot- 
ers, or to aid, assist counsel, or receive them, or any 
in Combination with them; And commanding the 
Sheriffs of the sev! Countys within the Province that 
in Case any Number of Men should unlawfully, 
assemble themselves in any of the Countys to the Dis- 
turbance of the Kings Peace, that they should raise 
the Posse of their resp'ive Countys, to suppress such 
unl'ful Assembly. 

On the 30^" Day of Mar" 1747, between the Hours of 
10. & 11, at Night, A Multitude of People to the Num- 
ber of abo* 30, came in a riotous Manner with Clubs, 
to the House of Joseph Dalrymple in Morris County, 
& after demand? the Opening of the Door, & using 
sev! Threats, they with Force broke open the s-' Door, 
& about 12. of them entred therein, & ord*^ the s-' Dal- 
rymple, & Wife, & Child, abo- one Year old, to go out 
of the House, & upon their Refusal to obey, they the 
Rioters threatned to turn them out by Force, & began 
so to do, but the Wife of the s^ Dalrymple, being then, 
big with Child, & near lying in, & they being per- 
suaded of the Danger of her Life, if they sho'' do so, 
they, then, desisted from that their Design. The Wife 
of the s? Dalrymple being in s-' Condition, after the 
Terror and Fright she got by the forcible Entry & 
Threats aforesf was so very ailing & indisposed, as 
scarce not to be able to keep out of Bed. 

By these Depos"^ it appears. That on the 8'?* Day of 
April 1747, a Multitude of People about 30. in Num- 
ber, came, arm'd, with Clubs, to the House of the s? 
Joseph Dah'ymple, & broke it open, & turned the s? 
Joseph, his Wife & Child, out of the House, & all 
their Goods, & delivered Poss'ion of the s? House & 
Land, to two of the s? Rioters. 

By these appear. Designs formed by the same Riot- 
ers for turning many other People out of Poss'ion by 
Force. It appears that they had erected Courts of 


Judicature, & determined Causes, by hearing One 
Side, but intended for the future, to hear both Sides; 
That they had taken upon them to choose their Militia 
Officers. By these appears how they buoy themselves 
up, with their Numbers, Friends & Strength, not only 
in New Jersey, but in New York, Long Island, Penilv!' 
& New England; and that they are not afraid of any 
Thing the Governm^ can do to them; And give out 
that, from their Numbers, Violences & unlawful 
Actions, its to be inferred that, surely they are 
wronged & oppressed, or else they would never rebell 
ag'. the Laws. By these appears Information, That 
the People on the Societys Tract, had made a firm 
Agreement, to defend all their Farms there by Mobb, 
and that Maidenhead, ife great Numbers of others, had 
joyned in firm Engagements to stand by one another 
to Death, tho' they have no Pretence to any Right but 
Poss'ion & Improvemf And that they were resolved 
sho-' they be opposed by Fire Arms, to take uj) Fire 
Arms to defend theirselves That they would not mind 
either the Gov'" or the King himself, if of a different 
Way of thinking from them; And that the King him- 
self was unable to quell Mobs in England, any other 
Way than by granting their Desires. 

By the Order of Presid- Hamilton, the Assembly 
met, at Perth Amboy, on May iV-^ 1747, when, by a 
Message (by Advice of Co'.') he, in very strong Tei-ms, 
recommended to them the Cons" of the distracted 
State of the Province, occasioned by the many Riots; 
and layed before them the sev! Letters & Papers con - 
cerning them To w'ch the Assembly aiisw'd ou Maij 
9"' As by their Minutes appears. 

By these appears. That John Bainbridye one of the 
P'sons indicted for the breaking open the Goal of Som- 
erset, was, by Process issued out of the Sui)reme 
Court, taken & imprisoned, in the Goal of the City of 
Perth Amboy; and that, on the 27V' of July 1747, a 


Multitude of People to the Number of about 200, came 
to the Goal in a riotous Manner, armed, with Clubs, 
in Order to break open the Prison, & rescue the s^ John 
Bainbridge; That the Mayor, the Sheriff, & other 
Magistrates endeavoured to disswade them; That the 
Sheriff read the Proclamation ag' Riots, directed by 
the Act of 1^-' Geo V^ Upon vehich. One of the Rioters 
knocked him down, & gave him a Wound on the Head 
three Inches long; Another of them struck at the 
Mayor of the City, & then broke open the Doors of the 
Prison, & took out the Prisoner & went off huzzaing; 
That the Magistrates & Sheriff, present, made a Record 
of the s-^ Riot; By these it also appears, that the Riot- 
ers gave out, that if they had been shot at; they would 
have sent to a Party, they had left out of Town, & 
Arms, Ammunition & Provisions, & levelled Amboy 
with the Ground, & destroyed the Auth'ity & drove 
them into the Sea. 

By these it appears, that at the Supreme Court, 
which sat at Perth Amboy, soon after the s-' Riot, the 
Grand Jury indicted upwards of 30. of these Rioters, 
for High Treason, for levying War ag- the King, 
within the Statute of 25, Edw" ?>" 1. 2. agreeable to 
Lord Coke's Exposition 3'^ Instit. 11, & the Case of 
Damraery, in the latter End of Queen Ann's Reign, 
for riotously pulling down Doctor Burgess's Meeting 
House, to these might have been added Keeling TO, 
&° the Case of breaking Prisons, and pulling down 
Bawdy Houses. 

About the latter end of July IT-IT, One John Fenix, 
being in Custody in the Goal of Somerset, on an 
Action of Trespass, at the Suit of Andrew Johnston 
Esq'' about 4o, or 50, Men appeared, about the Goal, 
armed, with Clubs &c, who broke open the Prison, 
Doors, & carried off the s? John Fenix; but no P'son 
knowing any of those Rioters, no Prosecution has been 
ag- them. 


On the 10^'^ of Augl 1747, the Sheriff of Mori-is 
County, by Vertue of a Wi-it of Our Lord the King, 
took & arrested one James Hampton, who refused to 
give Bail, & upon the Sheriffs conveying him to Goal, 
he was beset by a Number of Men (Part whereof are 
named) armed with Clubs, who rescued the s*' Pris- 
oner, out of the Custody of the s*' Sheriff. 

His ExcelP/ Our Gov'' Belcher having arrived in this 
Province, in the Beginning of August 1747, by his 
Order, the Assembly met at Burlington, on the 2o'!' of 
August, who by his Speech, to the Co'^ & Assembly, 
strongly recommended, [to them, the State of this 
Province, in Relation to the Riots, To which, the Coun- 
cil & Assembly severally answered; As by their 
Minutes of '2(f- of August. 

On the 23^ of Sept'' 1747, One James Hampton, 
being in Custody, in the Goal of the County of Mor- 
ris, by Process on an Indictment of that County Court, 
about 30. Men armed with Clubs broke open the s^ 
Goal, & rescued from thence the said James Hampton. 

We have been credibly informed that tivo Riots 
have been committed in the Co^^ of Essex, since his 
ExcelP'* Arrival; In the first of which the Goal of that 
County was broke open, & a Prisoner therein was 
rescued by the Rioters, At the Second Riot, that a 
Private House was broke open, & a Quantity of Staves 
was taken by the Rioters fi'om thence; but we find no 
Depos"' concerning those two Riots, in the Papers 

On the 18"' of Nov'' the Gen! Assembly mett, & his 
ExcelP.^ made a Speech to the Co" & Assembly, 
strongly recommending the State of this Province, 
concerning the Riots, to their Consideration. 

On the 4'!' Dcu/ of December 1747, One Daricl 
Brearly who stood indicted forjiigh Treason, being- 
taken up, on Process thereon, out of the Supreme 
Court, & in Custody in the Goal, of the County of 


Hunterdon, in the Borough of Trenton, above 20. men 
came, armed with Clubs, &^ to rescue the s^ Prisoner 
from thence, & th<') the High Sheriff represented to 
them that the Prisoner was in his Custody for high 
Treason, & that the rescuing him wo^ undoubtedly, be 
High Treason, Yet, they proceeded, & did break open 
tlie s^ Goal, & rescued the s? Prisoner; Amongst these 
Rioters was one Edm'^ Bainbridge, ag* whom the s? 
Sheriff had also process of High Treason, whereon he 
arrested him & acquainted the Rioters with the s? Pro- 
cess, & told them it would be high Treason in them to 
rescue him; but notwithstanding that, they also res- 
cued him. 

By these it appears, that the Rioters had formed a 
Design of coming to Burlington (where the sevl 
Branches of the Legislature are sitting) in a Body on 
the 16*" Day of December, & that Advertisements, to 
give Notice of that Design to the Rioters, had been set 
up, in sundry Places, requiring their Attendance, for 
that Purpose. 

The Co" & Assembly, on Notice of that Design, in a 
free Conference, agreed to make Resolves of their sev'. 
Houses ag- it, & to send them to the Sheriffs of the 
sev! Countys, from & thro' which, the Rioters were 
likely to come, to publish. Which was accordingly 
done. And we have been credibly informed, that many 
of the Rioters were on their Way, coming, but, on 
Notice of s? Resolves, returned. 

Committees of Co" & of the House of Representa- 
tives, after three meetings, in a free Conference, to 
consider of Ways & Means, for suppressing the Ryots 
& present Disorders in this Colony, on the 15^" Day of 
Jayi'y 1747, were unanimously of Opin" — that it will be 
necessary that the Legislature sho'' interpose, in Order 
to restore the Peace qf the Province, & give Force to 
the Laws of the Country, which have been most noto- 
riously violated, for which Purpose were of Opinion, 


that effectual Measures sho'* be taken, by the Legisla- 
ture, to strengthen the Hands of His Maj'-^^ Governm- 
so as to enable them to carry the Laws of the Land 
into Execution, that his Maj'^'* Subjects may again 
enjoy the Benefit & Protection of them, & that a 
proper Act or Acts sho? be prepared & past for pre- 
venting the like intestine Troubles for the Time to 

And the Com":" further agreed that, the Gent" of the 
House of Assembly sho-' propose it, to their House, to 
prepai'e & bring in a Bill, or Bills, for these Purposes; 
Which joynt & unanimous Oi)inion of the s^ Commit- 
tees was reduced to Writing & soon afterwards 
reported to, & confirmed, ct agreed, by both Houses, 
As by the Minutes of both Houses of Jan'!-' 19, 1747 

That the Com*-'^ of the House of Representatives, on 
the 28:' Day of Jan'y 1747, amongst other Things 
reported & declared it as their (3pinion, that Provision 
should be, from Time to Time, made, as Occasion may 
require for defraying the necessary Expences that may 
arise by the legal C^alling the Forces of this Colony 
together, for the repelling and suppressing Invasions, 
Insurrections & Rebellions, or for the Assistance of 
the Neighbouring Colonys, or upon any necessary 
Occasion whatsoever, which Report was agreed to by 
the House of Assembly, As by their Minutes appears. 

On the 18'" of Feb'ry 1747, His Exc'' gave his Assent 
to two Acts that had before been past by the Co" & 
Assembly viz^ An Act for the suppressiuij dr prevent- 
ing of Riots, Tumults & other Disorders, within this 
Colony, by v^'ch Penaltys or Imprisonm!^ are enacted 
to be inflicted upon Persons that shall be guilty of any 
of the like Disturbance for the future, & ano- Act 
intitled. An Act for avoiding Actions of Slander & for 
Stay of Proceedings until the 1'^ Day of Octo!" 1748, in 
other Civil Actions ag* the late Rioters, by w'ch Acts, 


its amongst other Things declared that, within three 
Years last past many & great Riots & Disorders had 
been comitted, within this Colony, by Multitudes of 
People, on Pretence that they laboured under Griev- 
ances, & that the sev? Branches of the Legislature then 
mett & assembled together, heartily disposed to enquire 
into the Grievances & Oppressions, & to give Relief 
therein as far as in them lay, upon mature Delibera- 
tion did not find but that the M'res complained of are 
remedy able in His Maj*^^® Courts of Justice of Law & 
Equity, w'ch were open to all, & to which the Com- 
plainers might have had Recourse, 

The Day before, to witt, the IT'!* Day of Feb'!' 1747, 
His Ex*^-^ the Govi" passed His Maj'?^ most gracious Par- 
don, Entitled, An Act to pardon the Persons guilty of 
the Insurrections, Riots & Disorders raised & com- 
mitted in this Province; Which was thankfully 
accepted by both Houses of the Council & Repre- 
sentatives, which was a full Pardon, with Proviso 
that those who had been indicted, recorded or prose- 
cuted sho^ within Six Months take the Oaths to the 
Govern m- prescribed by the Laws of this Province, & 
give their own single Bonds, severally in the sum of 
100* to keep the Peace for three years, restore the 
Poss'ions they had forcibly taken & detained, & pay 
the Fees of their Prosecutions, & as to such as stood 
indicted or might be indicted of high Treason, a Stay 
of Prosecution was granted, until His Maj*^'^ Pleasure 
should be known, upon their complying with the 
Terms before. 

As His Maj'.^ was, at that Time, engaged in a heavy 
War with France & Spain: So that, if Force had then 
been raised to bring those daring men to Reason, His 
Maj'^^ Enemys might have taken Advantage of the 
Disturbances that, from thence possibly might have 
arisen, & as no Force from Britain could reasonably 
be bhen expected, to reduce these Disturbers of the 


Peace to their Duty to His Ma,f & Obedience to his 
Laws, for these Reasons the Co!' thought it niost pru- 
dent, at that Time, to fall in with those soft Measures, 
in Hopes, by their Lenity, to draw those Disturbers 
into their Duty & Obedience to the Laws. 

But those Hopes were blasted, for that, tho' about 
200, of the Rioters appeared before Uzal Ogden & 
Matthias Hethfield of Essex County (two of the Com- 
m'.^ app":'' by his Exc-. pursuant to the said Pardon to 
adm'ster the Oaths, A: take the Bonds afs-') within two 
Days before the Expiration of the six months ment!^ 
in the Pardon afsf And th<> it seemed the Inclinations 
of most of them to accept of the Pardon, on the Terms 
prescribed, Yet, such was the Influence of some of 
their Leaders upon them, that no more than 14 Persons 
among them, did accept of the said Pardon, As by the 
Letter of Ogden ct Hetfield referred to, appears. 

By the Att^' Gen'" Certificate it appears that no more 
than Nine Persons have made any Application to him, 
for the Benefit of the s*' Pardon, & as the Fees of 
Prosecution were payable to him, no more than those 
9. Persons who have been prosecuted, have intituled 
themselves to that Pardon, Yet those who have 
accepted & complyed with the other Provisoes in the 
Pardon mentf its conceiv'd are intitled to more Favour 
than those who have persisted without any Comply- 

By the Depos"^ of Uzal Ogden & John Styles referred 
to, on margin, & L're to His Exc^' from the Sheriff of 
Essex, it appears that, on the 2s'.'' Day of Nov'- last. 
One Amos Roberts, being committed to the Goal of 
Essex County at Newark, upon a Process of High 
Treason, issued out of the Supreme Court, that same 
Day, a Number of People, between 20. & 30. came to 
the Goal, & demanded of the Goal Keeper the Keys, to 
let the s'-' Amos Roberts out, which he refused & told 
them that the s'' Amos Roberts was committed upon a 


Process of Treason & forewarned them from medling 
with the Goal, but notwithstandmg the so informing 
& forewarning them, they broke open the Goal, & 
rescued the s? Amos Roberts therefrom; Twelve of the 
Persons guilty of that Rescue are named in the s? 

By these Depos"^^ it appears that on the 29'!' Day of 
Nov'.' last, the s? Amos Roberts & others of the Rioters 
at Newark, had a meeting at the House of the Widow 
Hampton at Rah way, only nine Miles distant from 
Perth Amboy, the Place where the Legislature is now 
sitting, & that they rid openly at noon Day, from 
Newark there, & met with other Rioters from Somer- 
set & Hunterdon, in Order to enter into new Engage- 
mt? for standing by One Another & levying Money for 
their Defence, & for dividing into Wards & appoint- 
ing Officers & the Persons were understood to be a 
Com*?*" of the Rioters in the sev' Parts of this Province, 
It appears that, that Meeting was some time before 
that app'^** & that nearly the same Persons had had 
two sev! Meetings, at the same House before. The 
One on the Fourth Tuesday of Sept' & the other in 
the First or Second Week of Octof & that at the last 
Meeting they used Argum*** & Endeavours to draw- 
other Persons into their Engagements & Combina- 
tions, that the s^ Roberts sayd, the Persons then met 
ivere all his Childreu. 

By this Deposition it appears, that about, or rather 
before, the Middle of November last, the s? Amos 
Roberts went up to the Rioters in Hunterdon County, 
that in going, he sayd he was going to settle the Peace 
of the Province, that it was reported he had sev^. Meet- 
ings with the Rioters there, & had added two new 
Persons to their Com'f who are named — By this 
Depos" also appears, some of the Means that the Riot- 
ers use, to bring & keep People into their Combina- 
tions, to witt, Threats to pull down their Houses, if 


they did not joyn them, & the Fears of Death if they 
fell from their Engagem'^ with them. 

By these Depositions appears, more of the Rioters 
Endeavours, & Ways of drawing innocent People, into 
their Combin'** & that the Rioters pay Taxes to their 
Com^^"^ That One Rioter had sayd, he had payd so 
much from Time to Time, as with a Tax of 13* then 
layd on him, would have been snffic* to have bought 
his Plantation — By this Depos" also appears a con- 
tinual Destruction & Waste of Timber, carryed on by 
the Rioters for three Years past, upon some Thousands 
of acres of Land belong? to P'sons therein named, 
which before that, were the best timbered Lands in 
New Jersey, but now, none good left on them, that a 
Team can easily approach — By this & the other Dis- 
positions it appears that the Rioters of particular 
Places, have got Captains over them who they call by 
that Name, & that the said Amos Roberts seems to be 
the Chief Captain of the whole Rioters in this Prov- 

It appears not to the Council, that any One Poss'ion 
forcibly eiitred upon, & detained by, the Rioters, 
durr these Disturbances, has been restored to the Own- 
ers, pursuant to the Tenor of the Pardon afs'' & they 
have good Reason to believe that no One has been 
restored, but all are Forcibly detained to this Day. 

On the 1** Day of tltis instaut December, the Co" of 
PropV' of East New Jersey, presented a Menil & Repre- 
sentation to the Gov!" Co-' & Assembly, Setting Forth 
the miserable State of this Province, for that the Laws 
have, long ceased to be a Protect" to His Maj'^"* good 
Subjects therein, & the Right of the People to that 
Protection, & to expect that the Legislature of this 
Province will, at this Time, effectually interpose to 
enable the Officers of the Gov'm* to carry the Laws of 
the Land into Execution. 

On the 3'.' of De&: instant. His ExcelP^ the Gov'.' in a 


Speech to both Houses, strongly recommended, to both 
Houses, the Consideration of the miserable State of 
this Province, by the Coiners & Rioters, & strongly 
recommended to the House of Assembly to grant 
Money for the Supj^ort & Protection of the Kings 
Governm- & the Officers & Others in the Execut" of 
their Duty. 

Petition of Ferdinand John Paris, Solicitor for the 
East Jersey Proprietors to the Lords of Trade — 
about the Division Line between New York and 
New Jersey. 

[From Original Draft among Papers of F. J. Paris in the N. J. His. Soc. Library, 
Bundle H, No. 23.1 

To the R* Hono^I" the Lords Com^.^ for Trade & 
Plantations The humble Petition of the 
Councill of Proprietors in East New Jersey. 


That on the 12"' of March 1663, his late Ma"'' K 
Charles the 2? gra :ted, to the late Duke of York in 
Fee, Sev! la.rge Tracts of Territory in America, w'ch 
included New Jersey, and by Lease & Rel. of 23. & 
24 June 1664, the Duke of York granted unto John 
L'' Berkely & Sir Geo. Carteret in Fee, the whole 
Province of New Jersey 

That by Ind're Quintipartite, of 1 July 1676, the s" 
Sir Geo. Carteret & others, who were then entitled to 
the Lord Berkly's Moyety of New Jersey, released, 
unto the s? S- Geo. Carteret in Fee, All the Easterly 
part of the s'' Tract of Land w'ch had been so granted 
by the D. of York, w'ch was to be divided in man'er 
therein men'J to be called East New Jersey, and, on 


the other hand, the s" S- Geo: Carteret released to 
Sundry p'sons therein named, in Fee, All the Westerly 
part of the s" Tract of Land w'ch was to be called 
West New Jersey. 

That the Division Line, men'' in the Duke of Yorks 
Grant, w'ch was to divide East New Jersey from his 
other province of New York, was to be a Line drawn 
from the Latitude of 41 degrees Upon Hudsons River, 
to the Latitude of 41. degrees & 40 minutes on the 
Northernmost Branch of Delaware. 

That sev' Attempts were made to run the s'' Line 
but the same not being effected, The Gen'f Assembly 
of New York, in 1717, pass't an Act reciting the 
Necessity of ascertaing the Bounds, between the Prov- 
ince & New Jersey, that the Inhab'" of New York, 
whose Estates were adjacent On the partic'on Line, 
might peaceably, enjoy the Fruits Of their Industry, & 
that the Governm' might not be defrauded of the pub- 
lic Taxes which might Arise & become due from the 
Inhab"; wherefore, a Sum of money was, by the s'' 
Act, appropriated, for defraying New York's part of 
the Charge of Ruiming, Surveying & Ascertaining 
the s' Boundary, when the running the same sho'' be 
begun by the mutual Consent of the Gov' & Co" of 
New York & the proprietors of the Soil of New 
Jersey; And by the s'' Act, it was declared that the s'' 
partic'on Line, being run, by the Survey'' & Com'"' of 
each Colony, Should, forever thereafter, be the Par- 
tic'on Line, Limit & Boundary of New York, (w'ch 
Act was ratified & approved by y " Crowne on li). May 

That the Gen" Assembly of New Jersey was very 
glad of such a Concurrence on y' p' ' of New York & 
therefore very soon thereaft' namely in 1718, past a 
like Act on their part. 

Pursuant to w'ch s'' resp'tive Acts, the Gov' & Coun- 
cil of each of the s'' provinces appointed by Com'" und'" 


the Great Seal of each resp'ive province certain Com" 
& Surveyors to Settle the s'' Boundary Line, w'ch these 
joint Com'' & Surveyors did, in part, perform, And in 
consequence thereof by Ind're Tripart of the 25^'' of 
July 1719, made & executed by & between the s*^ respec- 
tive Com'" & Surveyors, they fixed & ascertained w'ch 
was the Northwest Branch of Delaware River, & also 
which part of the same lay in the Latitude of -ll. 
degrees & 40. Minutes; And the Inhab'' in generall in 
both provinces intertained the highest satisfaction, at 
Seeing the s'' good & useful work begun, & so far pro- 
ceeded in & sittled. 

But yo'' Pett'' beg leave to acquaint your Lopp's, 
that y'' compleating of this necessary & salutary work, 
has been hindered & prevented to a * * [?] * * by 
a Small number of powerful p'sons in New York, 
intitled unto excessive large Grants of wast Territorys, 
& Regions there, paying a Sort of Quit Rent, next to 
none at all, to the Crown & who keep the s'* great 
Tracts in hand, with very small partes thereof settled, 
to the infinite prejudice & weakening of New York, & 
indeed of all the neighboring provinces; And as every 
Man in America understands something of surveying 
those persons Soon finding, when one of the points, a 
Quo, had been fixt, where the Line of partic'on would 
necessarily run, & that it would cut off some parts of 
their enormous Grants, (w'ch, for want of Extent of 
Territory within New York, they had stretcht & en- 
croached into New Jersey for), & that, if they would 
have their Lands there they must at least, pay Some 
Quit Rent, to that Government, Such few persons, 
have had the power & address. Contrary to the gen" 
Sense of the people, in both Colonys, to prevent every 
repeated endavor that has been Used, for those 30 
years past, to finish the Setling the s'' Boundary, to 
the infinite prejudice of both the Provinces, & of the 
publick Service, as it prevents the improve m' & Set- 


tlem* of great p'ts of the Country, the Strengthning 
of his Ma'^' Empire there, & the Increase of his Reve- 
nue, in New York. 

Wherefore, On the ISV' of Nov: 1Y47, the Gen" 
Assembly of New Jersey being tired out with many 
repeated, but fruitless endeavours passed An Act for 
running & ascertaining the Line of Partic'on. <& 
Division betwixt the j^rovince of New Jersey & 1/ 
province of New York. By w'ch Act, after reciting 
more largely Sev" of y' m'res & things herein before 
stated, it is enacted, that y' Com':' & Survey'.' w'ch had 
been or sh'' be app^"' & approved by the Gov"" with y' 
Advice & consent of the Councill, sho'' distance & fix 
the other Point, ad quem, namely, the Latitude of 41" 
degrees upon Hudsons River, & sh'' run out y' Strait 
& direct Line from y'' One of the s'^ points, to the other 
of them, w'ch sho" be the Line of Partic'on, between the 
Colonys; But the s'' Act recited that it was the design, 
& earnest desire of the Legislature of New Jersey, 
that the s'^ remaining partic'on point, & Line, should not 
only be discovered, & run truly & fairly, but also ami- 
cably, &, in Conjunc'on with Com'^' & Survey'' to be 
legally App*!? by the Governm* of New York, if that 
Gov'm* thought fit to appoint any And, therefore it 
was enacted, that before the Com" on tlie p't of New 
Jersey sho' begin the Work, timely notice (not less 
than nine months) sho'' be given to y' GoV of New 
York, in ord"^ that Com" & Survey "^^ might be app'^'^ by 
the Governm' of New York, to act in Conjunc'on with 
those from New Jersey: But, if New York sho'' not 
appoint p'sons, on their p't, or the s'' p'sons sho^ not 
act, then the p'sons nomi'ated on the p't of New Jersey 
to proceed, in fixing the s' Partic'on : with a Suspend- 
ing Clause in the s"! Act, until the Royal Assent sho'' 
be had thereto That y*" New York Assembly so early 
as on y° O"* of April: 1748; knew & took notice in 
their public Votes, of y" s"^ New Jersey Act, but not to 


rest on that notice, Copys of the s^- Act were personally 
Served on the 28"' of June 1T4S, upon the Gov'' upon 
the * * « * * Qf ii^Q QqIi^ ^ upon the Speaker of 
the Assembly m New York, m ord'" to Give them 
the fullest notice of the same before the s*^ Act was 
sent home. 

After which, the s'' Act being transmitted & layd 
before yo' Lo'pps, yo' Lo'pps have taken the Opinion 
of M' Lambo thereon, as yo' peti" are informed And 
your petr'' have given notice, to the Agent of y* New 
York Assembly & have h'bly applyed to yo!" Lo'pps. 
that you would be pleased to take the s*^ Act into yo*" 
Consideration & make yo"" Report, or Rep'sentat'on to 
his Ma^^' thereon. 

But the s*' Agent hath delayed the Same, on p'tense 
of want of lustruc'ons from New York altho' yo"" 
petit'n" have acted so very fairly in giving Such public 
Notice as af^'' in New York of the s** Act, now about 
21. months ago. 

Your Petic? therefore most h'bly pray of yo"^ Lo'pps 
that you will please to app' a short day to 
take y" s'' Act into yo' Consid", & to have yo"" 
pefn^ by their Councill^ in support of y*" 
Same, And that thereupon yo' Lo'pps will 
please to recomend, to his Ma*^ the Approb'" 
& allowance of the s'' Act. 

And yo'' pet'n''' shall ever pray &c 

F. J. Paris Soil'- for the Petn" 
[14 Feb. 1T49] 


Affidavit of William Gilman relating to the Rioters. 

[From Copy among James Alexander's New Jersey Papers, Vol. Ill, No. 10, in 
Rutherfurd Collection.! 

Province of [ 
New Jersey j 

William Gilman, of the Township of woodbridge 
in the County of Middlesex and Province of New Jer- 
sey, Weaver, of full age, maketh Oath, That about 
the Beginning of the next week after the General 
Assembly finished their last Session at Perth Aniboy 
(on the Tuesday following as this Deponent beheves) 
he, this Deponent Saw a number of horsemen Pass by 
his house in Woodbridge aforesaid, amongst whom 
was a person Called Capt: Roberts, or Amos Roberts; 
that this Deponent had taken Notice of the said 
Roberts before at the time when one John Baiubridge 
was Violently taken out of the Gaol at Perth Amboy; 
That The Said Roberts was then at Cap' Heard's at 
Woodbridge aforesaid in the Company of a Number of 
people who were Called the Rioters; That this Depo- 
nent thinking that the horsemen aforesaid were of the 
people Called the Rioters, followed them to Capt' 
Heard's aforesaid, where they Stop'd, and about 
or Six persons Came up to the Said Roberts, and Said, 
they were doubtfull of Seing him there that day; to 
which the Said Roberts replied, Never put your hands 
to the plough, and look Back; (or words to that effect); 
That Several of the Company went into Cap' Heard's 
house, and Amos Roberts, in particular, offered to 
Shake hands with Cap' Heard; That Cap' Heard 
refused to Shake hands with the Said Roberts, and 
Said, that he wondered at the great impudence of him, 
the Said Roberts in presuming to appear there witli 

232 ADMINISTEATION of GOVERNOft belcSer. [11A9 

Such a Company again, (or words to that effect); That 
Some of the Said Company Seemed to resent Cap* 
Heard's Expression very much, and abused and in- 
sulted the Said Cap' Heard in a very Gross manner; 
That Cap- Heard then Said, I am very Sorry for you, 
but Some of you will come to the Gallows, if you go 
on in this manner, (or words to that effect); Upon 
which one of the Said Company replyed. Damn you, 
if we are hanged, you Shall be the hangman; This 
was in the Said Cap' Heard's house; That the Said 
Company Then went out of doors, after which Mr 
Heard and Amos Roberts fell into Some dispute; And 
Cap' Heard told the Said Roberts that he deserved 
to have his head broke; That the Said Roberts told the 
said Heard, that he had as good a Cane as Cap' Heard, 
with as good a Silver head, and made of as good Stuff; 
and further told the Said Heard to break his head if he 
durst, Shaking his Cane at the said Cap' Heard at the 
Same time; That Cap* Heard Said to the Said Roberts 
you are a poor Silly man and not worth taking notice 
of, (or words to that effect:) That the Said Roberts 
Answered, I am as good a man as you are John 
Heard, you are a Cap' of not above a hundred men, 
and I have three hundred men at my Call at any time 
(or words to that effect); And this Deponent further 
Saith, that he observed a little Squall fellow (whose 
name he doth not know) to be very abusive to the 
Said Cap' Heard, and the Said Man Curs'd Cap' Heard 
and Said, put any of us into any Gaol, and we will 
fetch him out (or words to that effect) ; And one of the 
said Company Damn'd all the Township of Wood- 
bridge, and Said there was not a Man in it; That this 
Deponent observed that the Said Cap' Heard reasoned 
with the Said Company, and told them he was very 
Sorry for them, and that he was very much afraid 
Some of them would come to the Gallows; The Said 
Company, after Many abuses and insults offered to 


C'ap^ Heard, Rode off. Huzzaing for King George, And 
this Deponent further Saith, That he understood the 
Said Company were going to Perth Am boy, to lay 
their Grievances before the Governor and Council, But 
understanding the Governor was gone from Perth 
Amboy, they returned Back, And this Deponent fur- 
ther Saith, that the Said Amos Roberts was highly 
Carressed by the Said Company, and even reverenced 
as much as if he had been a king, and further this 
Deponent Saith no^. 

William Gilman 
Sworn this 15"' day of february 
1748-9 before Samuel Nevill 

[An affidavit of like import was made on the 14th of 
February, by Stephen Crane, of Elizabeth, who hap- 
pened to be passing through Woodbridge on his way 
to Philadelphia at the time. — Ed.] 

Paper signed by James Alexander and Robert H. 
Morris— in answer to the Rioters'' proposal rela- 
tive to instituting suits. 

IFrom Original Draft in Vol. Ill of New Jersey Papers in the Riitherfurd Collec- 
tions, No. 7.] 

There are Several things in the paper Delivered by 
you to us this afternoon, that we do not admit to be 
true But as we are now at a Distance from the 

Gentlemen of the Law that are concerned for us We 
hope to See youe & the powers youe Say youe have at 
the next Supream Court at Perth Amboy, where we 
Expect to meet our Council, and with their advice 
give an Answer to your proposals so far as they relate 
to us 

March 17''^ 1748-9 Ja: Alexander 

RoB^ H Morris 


[Appended in the handwriting of Mr. Morris.] 

Answer to be given at the Amboy Court 

Whenever the Laws of the Country are restored to 
their former force they will entitle all his Majestys 
subjects to fair and impartial tryalls — and none of 
them will then stand in need of Concessions or Agree- 
ments to enable them to take the benefit of those Laws. 

But till his Majestys authority is again Establish'd 
in the province, we esteem all applications to his 
Courts of Justice to be idle & rediculous, as they have 
not Power sufficient to compell obedience to their 
Lawful commands. 

Letter from Ferdiyiand John Paris to James Alexan- 
der — about his services to secure favorable action 
against the Rioters. 

[From Original Draft among the Papers of Mr. Paris in N. J. Hist. Soc. Library, 
Bundle X, No. 78.] 

James Alexander Esq- 
Surry Street London 24 Mar. 1748[9] 


* * * * * J g^^^ sorry that I was so much a 
prophet, in what I formerly wrote you of the Counte- 
nance w'ch the Ryoters would meet with. You now 
find I knew the Man whom I wrote about. You are 
fearful, least the Ministry sho^ take this m're to Heart, 
& lay it before the parliam^ & the p'liam' sho!' treat 
New Jersey too severely, & the Country Members 
gone into y^ Country, & the p'liam^ has their hands 


full enough of Ainerican Affairs relating to paper 
Currency, w'ch nearly employ their leizure time, & 
that, & y" Settlem' of Nova Scotia may also employ 
the Board of Trade more than enough, So that I shall 
think my Self fortunate, if I can gett this Affair of 

yours (w'ch you know Some thousands of 

miles off) at all Considered, hy any body, or any Board 
whatever. If it Concerned one single Voice or Vote, 
in our Ho: of Comons, here at home, it might be 
worthy of Consideration, it do's not, from thence, fol- 
low, that those Eyots sho"* be thought of Consid" by 
Any of our Grandees. I as little exjject that y*" Crown 
sho'' Send any of its Forces to you, at present, & if I 
can be so happy to get y'' m're well considered at 
Whitehall Shall not expect to obtain much more than 
strong paper lustruc" to yo' Gov' to Call on y^ Assembly 
to hold themselves, or possibly, a proposal to reunite 
Jersey to y'^ York Gov'nment, for Our great men live 
to do business with as much ease to themselves as they 
can. ***** * * Be assured, that he [your 
Chief] has long tried a double way of Speaking, 
Writing & acting, & I will endeav' to know what he 
writes on the occasion. But this, please to remember 
from me, that he would, if possible, deceive the Elect, 
I shall well look after Any Complaint ag' or Attempt 
to remove Any of the Councill, I will not enter public 
Caveats, I can go a more expedient way to work. As 
to Speaking to yo' Agent, I chuse to Omit it, because 
sho'' he p'mise to write Over Any advice, or to p'sue 
any measures, I have no Sort of dependance On him, 
that he will be in Earnest, And, if he was to be in 
earnest, I know that y'* p'son, whom you think might 
be influenced thereby, has too good An Opinion of the 
depth of his Own Understand^ in politics, to follow 
Any Such Advice, from home * '^ * * * 

I can not get the Board of Trade to think of yo"" 
Line Bill yet, tho' I most earnestly press them on that 


head. Indeed I Am not very Sorry, but much wish I 
had y"" Answ^ to my Obj'ons to that Bill * * * * 
Sir y' most obed' h'ble Serv*^ 

Ferdinand John Paris. 

Letter from the Council of Neiv Jersey to the Lords of 
Trade — relating to the Riots and Insurrections in 
the Provinces. 

IFrgm P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI. G 18.1 

Burlington in New Jersey 
March 28*^ 1749 

May it please your Grace 

Six of the Members of His Majesty's Council in 
December last, Transmitted to Your Grace a Eepresen- 
tation, to His Majesty of the deplorable state of this 
His Province of New Jersey; since which that Eepre- 
sentation has been Approved of by all the rest of His 
Majesty's Council as Your Grace wiU Observe by their 
Minutes of the twenty fifth Instant. 

We, the Members of His Majesty's Council, do now 
Beg leave to acquaint Your Grace, That, since that 
time, His Excellency the Governor, dissolv'd the late 
Assembly, and Called a new one, to meet in February 
last, and then recommended to them in very Earnest 
Terms, the Miserable Condition of this Province; 
Occasioned by a Number of Riots and Insurrections; 
And pressed them to make Provision, for Guarding 
His Majesty's Goals; and that otherwise, He should be 
under a Necessity of Laying the Matter before His 
Majesty: But neither that Recommendation, nor a 
Speech afterwards from His Excellency, in still more 
strong and Cogent Terms had any Effect with the 


Assembly to make such Provision, or to do any thing 
against the Rioters: But on the Contrary they did 
many things in their favour, and tending to Assume 
upon themselves the Power of Government within 
this Colony; and to render His Majesties Commands of 
no force; as will be evidenced by the Minutes of the 
Council & Assembly of this Session, which we doubt 
not will be Transmitted, by His Excellency, to Your 

Wherefore, we and others, His Majesty's Loyal Sub- 
jects, Continue to have no hope of relief for past 
Injuries, or of Safety of our Lives or Properties for 
the future, against the wicked Combinations, & Grow- 
ing Strength of the Rioters & Traitors, but from His 
Majesty's Speedy and Effectual Interposition, for 
restoring and Preserving His Government and Laws. 

We doubt not His Excellency will lay this Unhai)])y 
Affair before Your Grace; But still we cannot think it 
Consistent with our Duty to Omitt the doing of it.— 

We are May it please Your Grace 
Your Graces most Obedient, & Most Humble Servants 
Peter Kemble Rob?" H: Morris 

Tho": Leonard Jn° Reading 

jNf CoxE Ja: Alexander 

And^ Johnston John Rodman 
Ja Hude 

[A copy of a letter to the Duke of Bedford, signed 
by the same gentlemen, was inclosed. — Ed.) 


Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alexan- 
der — about proceedings in London and influence 
of Governor Belcher. 

[From Original Draft among the Papers of Mr. Paris in N. J. Hist. Soc. Library, 
Bundle X, No. 71.] 

James Alexander Esq- 
Surry Street London 15 Apr: 17-49 


My last was Of the 24"" of March; Copy whereof is 
here before. ***** Smce that L're the King 
referred the pet" of the Council of Proprietors to A 
Com'':'' of Councill; and there being a great Friendship 
& Intimacy between the Duke of Bedford, Sec'ry of 
State & the Earl of Halifax, first Com!' for Trade & 
plant"^ his Grace acqu***^ the Earl what an Acco* he 
had to the disturbances which were in New Jersey, & 
the thing being spoken of, Our Bishops here, who are 
importunately pressing to have protestant Bishops 
Setled in America, possest y*" Duke of Bedford with a 
Notion, that Non-juring Bishops, driven on acco^ of y*" 
late Rebellion out of this K'dom would go to New 
Jersey, & mix with Any discontented party there to 
breed Confusion, Wherefore that it might be very 
p'per to use some present means to quiet the RebelHon 
in New Jersey, & by & by, to app' Protestant Bishops 
for America (but I cannot perswade my Self that y'' 
latter part of y*" Scheme will take place Soon, if it ever 
should) However y*" Duke told y' Earl of Halifax that 
he understood that Uke L'res had been Sent, to y'' B.'' 
of Trade as had been Sent to him about y" Ryots, 
Wherefore on y*" 5*'' Instant, the B'^ of Trade Sent for 


me to know if I had Any Letters for them on this 
m're^ I told them that I knew there were L'res com- 
ing to them, of w'ch I had, ah-eady, a Copy; They 
desired to have a Copy of such L're w'ch was coming 
to them, w'ch I sent to them the same day; And at y'' 
same time, I took notice to them, by a Postscript in 
mine, that there were, (or shoukl be) Sev" Companys 
of Forces at New York; & I dont know but some 
measures may be fallen upon, for yo' relief, unless the 
business w'ch takes up y'' Board of Trades whole time, 
abo^ the settlem' of Nova Scotia, continues, for y'^ time 
to come, as it has, for some time past, to engross 
their whole Deliberations Two days ago I got the 
C^ouncill of propriet" pet" to y*' King to be referred, 
from y*" Com'" of Co" to y^ Board of Trade, And I am 
endeavoring to get y*" Duke of Bedford to referr the 
New Jersey Councills Address to y"' King also, to y*" 
Board of Trade, that then they may have the whole 
m're before them. In the mean time, I am to 
Acquaint you that there is great wrath gone forth 

from the Board of Trade ag* Gov' B who, they 

seem to think, must have had it in his power, if it had 
been in his Inclination, to have quelled these disorders. 
In Short, if he weathers out the Storm, w'ch is raised 
ag' him, it must be owing to the present Employment 
of the Board of Trade, w'ch do's not leave them time 
or leisure to think of him. As matters stand, at this 
day, it appears to me, most likely that M". B. will ime- 
diately lose his Govern m' And I know that Interest is 
making to Succeed him, however it may happen that 
things may take a different Turn. I shall Get the 
best Acco^' I may, what Steps he & his Bro' in Law 
make, & If I find the least Attempt to complain ag' or 
reflect on y' Friends, or to hurt the Interest of the 
Proprietors, he may expect I shall furnish all the 
Assistance that I Am able ag' him which at this p'ticu- 
lar time might, possibly, contribute to turn the Scale. 


You have pretty closely lookt after his p'ceedings On 
yo'' Side, & I shall do the Same here. ***** 

You will perceive, by Some of my foremen'' L'res, 
that I was of y*" same Opinion with You, that it might 
be best to reunite Jersey to the York Gov''nm* again, 
but I dont believe that is thought of here as any 
Scheme to be p'sued. 

I know the Gov"" & his Bro!" both so well, that I dare 
not trust either of them, with the measures which I 
Am to take, nor can I depend upon them enough to 
apply to Either of them for Assistance in the Line 
Bill, or in the Riot Affair, besides that Any Assistance 
w'ch both or either of them might be able to give, if 
willing, cannot be at all wanted 

Gov'." Clinton's L're is a very serviceable Letter, But 
the Board of Trade cannot hear any Mot'on, On y^ 
Line Bill being so wholly taken up in y*^ Settle m' of 
Nova Scotia, & in y*" paper Money Bill, w'ch they bro' 
into p'ham' the middle of last month. * * * * 

I suppose Mf Belcher will magnify his Endeav" to 
quell the Riots, he having shewn his resentm' so farr 
as to dissolve the Assembly that would not assist 
therein Many of those Outside Appearances he has 
heretofore Shewn; And they may deceive those who 
do not know him * ******** j ^^^ 
Sir Yo' most obed' h'ble Serv*^ 

Ferdinand John Paris 


Lords of the Committee of Council to the Lords 
Commissioners of Trade and Plantations — trans- 
mitting Petition from the Council of Proprietors 
of Nen^ Jersey of December 23rZ. 1T4S. 

IFrom P. R. O. B, T. New Jersey Vol. VI. G 11. | 

\ j^ g ( At the Council Chamber 

i__i Whitehall the 13^?^ of April 1749 

By the Right Honourable the Lords of the 
Committee of Council for Plantation 
Affairs — 

Hls Majesty having been Pleased by His Order in 
Council of the 16"' of last Month to referr unto this 
Committee the Petition of the Council of Proprietors 
of the Eastern Division of New Jersey in behalf of 
themselves and the rest of the General Proprietors of 
the Soil of the said Eastern Division and othei- His 
Majestys Loyal Subjects, therein complaining of the 
Riotous and Rebellious Proceedings of several of the 
Inhabitants, and that the Assembly have refused to 
afford the Government any Assistance, and Praying 
His Majesty to take the deplorable Case of the said 
Province of New Jersey into Consideration, and to put 
a Stop to the growing Rebellion therein, that His 
Majestys Authority and Laws may be therein restored 
and j)reserved, and the Petitioners, and other His 
Majestys Loyal Subjects, may, by and under them, be 
Protected in the Enjoyment of their Lives and Prop- 
ertys, — The Lords of the Committee, this day, took 
the said Petition into their Consideration, and are 
hereby Pleased to referr the same (a Copy whereof is 


hereunto annexed) to the Lords Commissioners for 
Trade and Plantations to examine into the Allegations 
thereof and Report to this Committee what they think 
Advisable for His Majesty to do therein. — 

W: Sharpe 

Letter from Richa?^d Partridge, London, to Richard 
Smith, Junior — about Netv Jersey affairs. 

[From a Copy among James Alexander Papers, Vol. II, No. 45, in the Rutlierfurd 


London, 2^ Mo: the 17, 1749 

Loving friend, Richard Smith, 


Understanding That the Duke of Bedford was made 
acquainted with the Disturbances in your Province, 
and had expressed his Resentment thereupon, I waited 
on him, and endeavored to take off the edge of his 
Prejudice, and by his permission Read to him the fore 
part of thy Letter to me of 19"' 12"' mo: 1747-8— which 
I hope w^as of Service, But he intimated that his Infor- 
mation was what he received about 6 weeks Since, and 
Seemed to think That by the Same Conveyance Some 
further account of the disturbances might have Come 
from other hands. I hope your Assembly will en- 
deavour to Vindicate [Themselves from] the Charge 
against Them in This Petition. I find there is another 
paper come from Some of the Council of New Jersey 
to the Duke about This matter, which was indeed 
hinted to me by the Duke; I have not got a Sight of 
that yet, but believe I shall in a while, and inform thee 
further, interim, I remain Thy friend 

W Partridge 


The Proprietor of Pennsylvania Seems to be prejios- 
sessed also against your Assembly in This Affair, he 
having had Some account of it from one of The 

Letter from (rorentor BeJdier to the Secretary of the 
Lords of Trade — /vith answers to certaht queries. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. VI, G 24. | 

Burlington N. J. April 21: 1741) 
Mr. Hill 

Since Mine of 18: October Last, I have taken pains, 
to Inform my Self, That I might make Answer, in the 
best Manner, I could, to the Queries, you Sent Me, 
which I now do; and the Answers are made, Accord- 
ing to your Arrangement, of the Queries; and are So 
Perticular, that I have no Observations, to make on 
the Heads Mentioned. 

I am, with Much Esteem and Respect 
S"' Your Most Obedient & Most H. Serv' 

J. Belcher. 

Boundaries of the Province, as in the Urant from His 

Beginning at S- Croix, and bounded on the East part 
the Main Sea and part by Hudsons River, and hath 
upon the West Delaware Bay or River, and Extendeth 
Southward to the Main Ocean as far as Cape May, and 
to the Northward as far as the Northermost branch of 
the said River Delaware which is in forty one Degrees 


and forty Minutes of Latitude and Crosseth over 
thence in a Streight line to Hudson Eiver in forty one 
Degrees Lattitude. 

Long: from 
Lattitude. London. 

Burlington Capital Western Division 40°. .04' 74\44' ) p , ■, 

Perth Auiboy Capital Eastern Division. .40 . .28 74 .01 ) °'^^^ ^ 

Cape May 39°..— 

Line from the Station Point on Delaware (which is 
Settled) to the Station point on Hudsons Eiver (which 
is not Settled) is Disputed. 

The Country on both the Rivers is Fertill for all 
European Grain and for Grass and a large Tract 
through the Middle of the Country is Barren and only 
to be Valued for the pine trees and Cedars growing 

There are no French or Spanish Settlements joining 
on this Province. 

The Constitution Settled by His Majesty's Letters 
Patent is the Captain General, the Council appointed 
by His Majesty, and twenty four Representatives 
Chosen by the People who Conjunctly have the powers 
of Legislation. 

The Trade of the Province is in Provisions and Lum- 
ber Exported to Europe and the West Indies, there 
are about 20 Vessells about 1,500 Tons, Carrying about 
160 Men, the Number of Vessels are something En- 

This Province takes off Cloths, Hats, Cuttlery, & 
other Smiths Work, most sorts of British Wollen 
Manufacture, and some East India Goods to the Value 
of £20,000 Sterling p Annum 

The Trade of this Province except that to Great 
Britain is Chiefly Confined to Ireland, and the Ports of 
Lisbon, and Maderia the Trade is Carried on for the 
Most part in Vessells which are owned here, there is 
no trade carried on to Foreign Plantations in tiie West 


His Majesty has three Collectors of His Revenue in 
this Province, who are Vigilent and prevent any Clan- 
destine Trade as much as in them lies 

The Staple of this Province is Timber, Flour, beef 
and Pork, they Export to the value of £30,000 Sterling 
p Annum. 

There are many very Valuable Mines of Good Iron, 
and one of Copper. 

Number of Inhabitants, Whites & blacks as i ,^ ^-,0 
numbered about two Years ago - - - - ( ^ '' ' ' 

Encrease within ten Years past by Natural \ 
Encrease, and the Settlement from Europe & - 14,014 
the Neighbouring Collonies .-.---' 

The Number of the Militia is about - - - - 45,00 

No Forts or places of defence. 

Of Indians About Sixty Families reside in the Prov- 
ince, who are Quiet and easy under His Majesty's 

The Six Nations who are Friends to the English and 
are settled back of Pennsylvania, and New York are 
about 5,200 Fighting Men, according to a Computation 
made about 3 Years Since. 

No French or Spaniards are Settled on the Confines 
of this Colony. 

The French or Spaniards have no Effect on the Trade 
of this Province; the French at Canada Share the Fur 
Trade with the Provinces of New York and Pennsyl- 

The Revenue Arising within this Government is 
from the Loan of Bills of Credit, and 8 Years ago was 
£3,000 p Annum and is by the Sinking of the Paper 
Currency according to the Acts which gave it birth 
reduced this present Year to £1268.8.9 it is to be 
Appropriated to the Support of Government is such 
Manner as the Governor, Council, & General Assembly 
shaU direct. 

The Ordinary Expences of this Government about 

246 Administration of GovERKOtt beLcher. [1749 

£1,375 and the Extraordinary Expences about £400 P 
Annum in Money at YO P Cent worse than Sterhng-. 

Tis 17 Years since any Tax was raised on the People 
for Support of Government. 

The Secretary is Created by His Majesty's Letters 
Patent under the Great Seal of Great Britain, the other 
Civil Officers by Commission under the Great Seal of 
this Province Tested by the Governor. 

The Military Officers by Commission under the Seal 
at Arms, and hand of the Governor. 

Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
relating to certain acts passed in New Jersey — the 
recommendation of Ricliard, SaJtar for the Coun- 
cil, etc. 

IFrom P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G 26.] 

Burlington N. J. April 21: 1749 
May It Please Your Lordships 

The 16: of this Instant, I received the honour of 
your Lordships Letter of 25: November last: 

As to the Acts, past by this Legislature, Since my 
Arrival, the receipt whereof, your Lordships now 
mention, to Me, As the titles, and Preambles, to those 
Acts, As well as the enacting Clauses, were So full, 
and Perticular, I had no observations, to make on 
them, or Eeasons, to Offer, for passing them, more 
than what I wrote your Lordships, in Mine, of 22: 
April last, and to which I Again pray your Lordships 
reference These Matters are all prej)ared, and put in 
Order, by the Secretary of the Province, and I am 
Sorry, he did not do his duty — However I now Send 


your Lordships, ^4 Sett of those Acts Printed, and 
fairly Abstracted, in the Margins. ~ 

What I have further to Say, to your Lordships, 
Relating to the Act Sent your Lordships, the last year, 
for Emitting £40000; And also As to the State, of the 
Paper Currency, of this Province, Is, that the Sum of 
20000£: formerly Emitted, by the Royal Approbation, 
was punctually Sunk, pursuant to the Said Act, this 
present Year. 

And by an Act Passed, in the 7'?' Year of His present 
Majesty s Reign, and which has His Majestys Royal 
Approbation, on the 4"' May 1735. was Emitted, the 
Sum of 40000£: in Bills of Credit, which bore date, the 
25: of March 1737 and Were to be Current, 10 Years, 
One half whereof, is Sunk this present Year, 1740 and 
So will the remainder, be, in 4 Years all the Interest 
that will Arise thereon will be '£25000 and is Appro- 
priated, far the Support, of the Government: 

The Act for Emitting 40000£: now lying before your 
Lordships, is Agreeable to the Law, for Emitting The 
aforementioned 40000£ : And the Same Method, is pro- 
posed for sinking them, and which has, in this Prov- 
ince, been alwayes honestly and Effectually pursued, 
This, with what I wrote your Lordships, In April and 
June last, is all, I Judge Needfull to trouble your 
Lordships with, upon the depending 40000£: Act 

As to the Exports and Imports, of this Province for 
twenty Yeai'S Past — 

I will make the best inquiry I can, and do my Self 
the Honour, of writing your Lordships, how I find 
things on this head — 

I Observe, your Lordships have recommended 
Richard Salter Esq', to be of His Majestys Council, of 
this Province, in the room, of M' Hamilton dec'd- — 

This, my Ijords, Seems to Militate with His Majestys 

' £2.500 in the duplicate. 


6: Instruction, to Me, being thus — ''You are to Nomi- 
nate unto us so many others in their Stead that the 
List of twelve Persons Fit to Supply the Said Vacan- 
cies Viz? Six of the East, and Six of the West Division 
as aforesaid may be always Compleat — Now this M- 
Salter, lives in the Eastern Division, and makes Seven 
Councellors in the East, and but five in the West Divi- 
sion Whereas according to the Best Judgment, I can 
make, in the Affairs, of this Government, it would 
best of all Conduce to His Majesty's Service, to have 
the Members of His Majesty s Council, for this Prov- 
ince, Appointed in Conformity, to the Kings instruc- 
tion, above mentioned, for as Several of the Gentle- 
men, of the Eastern Division, live at the distance, of 
40 or 50 Miles, they often do not, or Cannot attend, 
their duty— Which Obliges me to do The Kings busi- 
ness, sometimes with five, and at other times, with 
Onely three, of the Members, of the Council which I 
think not so Convenient, or so much, for the Kings 
honour and Interest, as to have full Councils — 

I take a Particular Notice, of all your Lordships 
write, upon an Application, made to you, from the 
Executors, of the late Governour, of this Province, 
and have the honour to Coincide with your Lordships, 
That this is A matter in Wich Government is essen- 
tially Concerned, and at my Next Meeting, of the 
Generall Assembly, of the Province, I Shall in the most 
prudent Manner, I Can, press them to do Justice, in 
this Affair. 

I have now the honour, to transmit to your Lord- 
ships, what Past in A Session, of the General Assem- 
bly of this Province, at Perth Amboy, from 17: 
November to 16: December, last — Viz'^ 

The Six Several Acts Past, 16^1^ Dec^"" 1748, Each of 
them under the Seal of the Province — 

The Transcripts of the Journals of the Council, and— 

The Printed Journals of the General Assembly in 
the Same Session — 


These things, go to the Care, of M"" Partridge, to he 
DeHvered your Lordships, and As he is the Agent for 
this Province, I Suppose he is Instructed, to SoUicit 
the Royal Assent, to these Acts, all of which, I Judge 
will tend, to His Majestys honour, and Service as well 
as to the good of this Province — 
I am with Great Regard 

My Lords Your Lordships 
Most Obedient and Most Humble Servant 

J Belcher 

Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
about the condition of the Province in consequence 
of the Riots, etc. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. VI. (i 'r>.] 

Burlington (N J) April 22: 1749 
May It Please your Lordships 

I have already wi*ote your Lordships at Large, by 
this Conveyance, with a Number, of Publick papers 
relating to this Government, Which, I hope, will get 
Safe to your Lordships hands. 

I am Heartily Sorry, for the Occasion, and Neces- 
sity of this, Which is, to lay before your Lordships, 
the deplorable unhappy State, of this Province, 
Arising from great Numbers of Riotous Persons, of 
which ]\Iatter I have wrote your Lordships Once and 
Again; These things began, Many Years before my 
AiTival, and gradually, during the Administration of 
my late Predecessor, grew to a great h eighth, and to 
which he was not able, to Apply a Remedy, What 
Steps have been taken, in the Affair, Since my Arri- 


val, to the Government, your Lordships are, and will 
be, fully Apprized of, by the Pubhck papers, I have 
Sent, and am Still Sending after Waiting on the late 
Assembly, with all the Patience. I thought Consistent, 
with the Kings honour, and Interest, and the Safety 
of the well Inchned People, of the Province; and find- 
ing the Assembly, would do Nothing, to Effect, I 
dissolved them, and Called Anew Assembly, and 
directed them, to Meet Me here, and their Journals, 
which I have now the Honour, to Send your Lord- 
ships, will Show how Little regard, they Paid to all I 
Could Say, to them, to bring them, into proper 
Measures, for Suppressing this Wicked Spirit, of Sedi- 
tion, and Rebellion, Which Animates great Numbers, 
of Audacious Villains, in Many Parts, of the Province, ' 
to endeavour to Subvert His Majestys Government, 
and in Its Stead, to introduce Anarchy, and all Man- 
ner, of Confusion; I have been So large. So Particular, 
and So Pressing, upon the Assembly, that I think it 
Needless, to Say Any thing more, to your Lordships, 
than that I can Concieve No hope, of the Assembly of 
the Provinces granting A Shilling, to Pay Men, that 
might be raised, to guard and Protect the Kings jails, 
or indeed of their doing Any other thing, that would 
have a rational tendency, to Quell the Rioters. 

I would therefore humbly Pray your Lordships, to 
represent this Affair According to your own Prudence, 
and Wisdom, to His Majesty, and his Ministers, and 
that I may as Soon as Possible, receive the Kings 
Special Orders, in this dangerous Crisis, of Affairs, 
and Which I hope will be Such, As I may be able to 
Carry into Execution, For 'till this difficulty is well 
got Over, I Expect No one thing, to be done, by the 
Assembly, for His Majestys Service, or for the good, 
of the People — 

' So in the Duplicate. 


l^he Gentlemen of His Majestys Council, tell me, 
They have wrote Largely, to His Majestys Secretary 
State, On this Affair, and have Sent their Agent, M'" 
Paiis, many Papei's, About it, and have directed him, 
to Lay Copies of all before your Lordships — 
I have the Honour to be, 
with great Respect My Lords Your Lordships 

Most Obediant & Most Humble Servant 

J Belcher. 

Letter from James Ale.rander and Robert H. Morris 
to Ferdinand Joint Paris — concenriHc/ (rarer nor 
Belcher and the rioters. 

[From Original Draft partly in the handwriting of hoth gentlemen, among James 

Alexander Papers, Vol. II, No. 3, in the Rutherf m-d Collection, compared 

with the letter itself among the Papers of F. J Paris in the 

N. J. Historical Society Library, Bundle X. No. 79 | 

I To Ferdinand John Paris] 

New York April 24'^ 1749 


This is intended as an addition to the private Letters 
Sent you of Dec"" 23*^ & ffeb 18"' last & to be aply used 
in the cases there mentioned — that of ffeb 18"' Coppy 
is enclosed 

We really pity the poor Gentleman Gov' Belcher for 
Such is his miserable case that he must be Led by the 
Leaders of the assembly or they Seem resolved he 
Shall Starve, they make ^ Show of Supporting him, 
but put no money in the Treasury to pay him because 
the Council will not assent to, & he declares he will 
not pass, their Quota bill because conti-ary in one 
article to one of his Majestys instructions as appears 


by the Minutes of Assembly of Decemb'' 13^'' & March 
16 last & Note N" 9 thereon. 

Tho the Council by their address of March ■!"' last 
offered (if Effectual measures were not come into by 
the Assembly) to Concurr with & assist his Excellency 
in representing to his Majesty the Deplorable State of 
New Jersey by the riots therein, & tho' by his answer 
thereto he Said in that Case he should desire their 
advice & assistance yet he has askt no advice or assist- 
ance of them upon that head, we really believe he 
intended it when he Said he would but between that 
time & the End of the Session Some of us were weU 
informed that he had been told by a Leader of the 
Assembly that if he did Join with the Council or 
advise with them on that head he might Lay his 
account never to have a penny more Salary in New 
Jersey — a Severe tryal of a mans vertue, & some 
Extenuation Should he Err, for Starving is hard for 
any man & much more So to a man who has been 
used to Live well as he has done 

But tho we Compassionate him, & would by no 
means quarrel with him or do him the Least injury if 
we could well avoid it yet we must not be So far 
wanting to our Selves as to neglect doing our 
Endeavours to avoid any plotts he may be Led into 
by the assembly against the Councillors & proprietors, 
& therefore if he attacks either of them or Endeavours 
to Support the rioters & their abettors, its possible that 
you may think it proper to attack him as an abettor 
of them. 

By our private Letter of Dec' 22'* we gave you Six 
articles against him for that purpose & now we give 

^thiy rjij^Q i^y ^Yie Minutes of Council it appears that 
the Council have used their utmost Endeavours to 
Examine into the proceedings of the Rioters & for 
obtaining remedys for restoring the peace of the Prov- 


iuce & that this he continually has owned by his 
Answers to their Addresses, Yet by the Minutes of 
Council it appears not that ever since his Accession to 
the Government he has once Ask'd the Opinion of the 
Council, on that deplorable State of the Province, It is 
true that he once ask'd their Opinion at Burlington, 
Nov!' 1747 when News came that Brierly was com- 
mitted for Treason, to Trenton Goal — thereon they 
advised him to order a Company of the Militia of the 
County to Guard the Goal, & to order the Several 
Companys of the Regiment daily to releive one 
another, till the Man co'd be tryed, & to acquaint the 
Assembly with such his order & require them to raise 
Money for the expence of that Guard— which he 
agreed to, the orders were drawn accordingly, but 
when next day offered him to Sign he refused because 
he was Assured that the Assembly would give no 
money for that purpose — We told him, that would be 
their fault, & the blame lye at their Door, if they wo'd 
not, & that it was his Duty to give the orders, & make 
the demand, but all Arguments we could use coukl 
not prevail with him, and in regard to him we did not 
insist upon drav/ing up the Minutes of our advice. 
From that day to this he has never askt any advice of 
us on that head, & none then, nor before, nor since 
can be showed by the Minutes 

8'!' During the Session at Perth Amboy in Nov!' & 
Deer last it was currently Reported both in New Jersey 
& New York that a Number of the Eastern Councel- 
lors were to be Suspended, he often express'd great 
Dissatisfaction with the |)articular Councellors for 
Spending their time in taking Examinations about the 
Rioters, saying it was a thing below the Council, and 
a thing which a Single Justice of Peace could do. All 
the Eastern Councellors were with him then for about 
a month. M' Bonnell Second Judge of the Supream 
Court had been dead four or hve montlis before that 


Session, no Eastern Commissions for peace or pleas 
had been given Since his coming to the Government & 
by the Depositions v^hich the Council took & laid 
before him it appeared that Sundry of the Justices 
were favourers of the Rioters, and tho the 7 Councel- 
lors then attending daily expected his taking their 
advice on these heads, yet he did not & they were 
loath to press it till the Assembly was dispatcht, & 
then did as by Article 4 before — As if he had a Mind 
to Distress the Eastern Councellors for adhering to 
their Duty or find a handle for Suspending them tho' 
he had neglected all that month to ask their advice, he 
the 8*^ day after the end of that Session Summoned 
the Eastern Councellors to attend him at Burlington, 
40, 50, & 90 miles from their places of abode in the 
Dead time of the Severest Winter Wee have had for 
several years, then gives a second notice to meet the 
11'!' of January when very difficult or almost impossi- 
ble for men of their Ages to travell so great Distances, 
& on pretence of their not attending on the 2^ Sum- 
mons with advice of 3 Councellors he appoints Samuel 
Nevill Judge in the room of M' Bonnell as by the 
Minutes of the privy Council of January 12'" 1748-9 
herewith appears, those three not doubting but that as 
M' Nevill was an Eastern Proprietor he wo'd be agree- 
able to the Eastern Councellors as by copy of M"" Coxe's 
letter sent Feb'' 18"' Sz copy herewith — but the Gov!' 
from private Conversation with them well knew that 
no Eastern Proprietor whatsoever would be agreeable 
to them because it would give a handle to the Riotors 
to clamour and be of not the least Service but great 
Disservice to the Proprietors of East Jersey by obliging 
them to send for the Western Judge in all cases where 
they had any concern, which might become a very 
heavy expence to them — how M'' Nevill came to be led 
into accepting that Commission We Know not for he 
well Knew our sentiments on that head. 


9*!' his Summoning the Eastern Councellors a third 
time to meet the 20^'' of January still such hard 
Weather as made it very Difficult travell — on which 
occasion four Eastern Councellors on whom the Sum- 
mons had been served attended least he should have 
taken occasion, from their not attendance, to have 
Suspended them & when they came no other business 
had he with them than the Appointment of the Civil 
Officers, Whereas as to those of E Jersey he ought to 
have advised with them during the month he was at 
Amboy & now when mett did no more than looking 
over the List of Magistrates in the then Subsisting 
Commissions & marking such as were dead and had 
not qualify ed and as to new ones it was agreed to delay 
it till the Meeting of the Assembly which he had 
appointed in February. The Eastern Gen' who 
attended thought it very Vexatious to have so many 
Summonses at that time of year; when he miglit have 
advised with them on these matters in December or 
might have delayed the matter a month longer to the 
meeting of the Assembly and he was so far from being 
hasty then that he delayed doing it for 5 weeks after 
the Meeting of the Assembly and did not ask their 
advice till the Session of the Assembly was over, tho' 
they were many days there without any business 
l)efore them patiently waiting to see what lie and the 
Assembly would do. 

10'." On the 2(V" of January when these Councellors 
met it appears by the Minutes of Privy Council of that 
day, herewith, that he set up a new ])i'etence no way 
warranted either by his Commission or Instructions 
viz, that no Officer should be advised upon but such as 
he should first name — he is inipowered by his Com- 
mission to Nominate, C(Mistitute, & Appoint Civil 
Officers and by his Instructions is restrained from 
doing it without advice & consent of Council — Now 
the nominating Constituting and appointing are all 


different words for the same thing & meaning the 
Nomination or appointment of these Officers under the 
great Seal which by his Instructions he is not to do till 
he has the advice & Consent of Council for so doing 
and as to the point of proposing or recommending 
theres no Direction in the Commission or Instructions 
about it Wherefore he & every Councellor must in the 
nature of things have the right of proposing or recom- 
mending — this new Claim it was Supposed was started 
in order to introduce the Friends of the Rioters into 
the Magistracy, by his not Suffering the Councellors 
to recommend any and by his recommending only 
such as were friends of the Rioters as he should be 
advised by the Leaders of the Assembly. 

11"' The Gov!" in direct breach of his Instructions 
appointed Caleb Fairchild to be Sheriff of the County 
of Morris^without any advice of Council which Caleb 
Fairchild let 10 prisoners Committed to him for Coin- 
ing & Counterfeiting Voluntarily to escape as appears 
by the Minute of Privy Council of November 2P^ 1 T-IS 

12'!' The Gov- by his Commission has full power & 
Authoi'ity with the advice & consent of Council to 
Summon & Call General Assemblys— But no power is 
given to him to caU such without Such advice & Con- 
sent— & should he call an Assembly without tliat 
advice their acts must be void for want of being by 
Sufficient Authority called. But this present Assem- 
bly was called without such advice, & probably 
because he knew so far the Sentiments of the Eastern 
Counsellors at least that they wo'd not have advised 
him to it. — His Excellency by his two Speeches last 
Session has threatened to represent to his Majesty & 
promised to advise with the Council on that matter & 
We beleive has Intended to do it when he said so — the 
advising or Joining with the Council he has been 
induced to lay aside as before & we much doubt if he 


dare represent any thing but what shall be agreeable 
to the Leaders of the Assembly, friends to the Rioters, 
and nothing will be agreeable to them, but what shall 
be in favour of the Rioters, & against the Council & 
the Proprietors of East Jersey, & we have all the rea- 
son in the world to think he must enter into the views 
of the Assembly, of representing it as a Matter of pri- 
vate Dispute about proj)erty — and that the agreeing to 
a Tryal, will put an end to it, &c, we hope the three 
Publications & Nevills Speeches, & what we have 
before sent, & do now send to you, will enable you 
fully to obviate that Representation & to show that 
the point in question is no less than whether the Crown 
of Ertglaud has any Right to the Soil or Government 
of its plantations, and you can show such Representa- 
tion to be very inconsistent with his own Speeches, & 
that in so Representing he cannot be a free Agent, but 
drove to it by the prevailing friends of the Rioters in 
the Assembly. — If you can that way avoid his Repre- 
sentations, we should rather Chuse it, thereby 
expressly Attacking him as an Abettor of the Rioters 
& their Friends, which we would willingly avoid unless 
an absolute necessity appears for it. One thing is too 
Ludicrous to make a Cause of (yomplaint viz' one W"' 
Brinley, a Quaker, being in the Commission of the 
Peace for Monmouth, accused of forging of sundry 
Deeds, & strong evidence of his being guilty, and this 
being on the 2()*!' of January last, objected ag- his 
being continued, we are told that he slighted that 
objection and ask'd if they co'd accuse him of whore- 
dome or Drunkenness, but however on March 2s^" he 
was kept out, for the forgery only; this shows that 
some folks have an odd taste of Morality 

P. S. Since writing the above We recollect that, 

while we were at Burlington, in March last, the day 

before the adjournment of the Assembly, We sent two 

of our Members to know of the Gov^ whether he wo'd 



Join with the Council, in representing to his Majesty's 
Ministers the State of the Province, or would write 
Separate Letters, upon which he promis'd to write to 
the Secretary of State, the President of the Council, 
and the Lords of Trade, upon the Subject, & to send 
his Letters open to us that we might transmit them & 
at his request, we left vdth him copys of the Councils 
Letter to the Duke of Bedford of March 28*!' last & 
sent him copy of the principal paragraphs of that of 
the 22? of December 1748, But, since we came away, 
we have heard nothing from him, nor have we received 
the Letters promised — What has Stopp'd them, we 
Know not unless it be the Influence of a Leading Man 
in the Assembly, who lives near him, and is mucli 
against his laying the Conduct of that house before the 
Government, Should he write & not Send his Letters 
open to us, it is highly probable they will contain some 
Eepresentations, inconsistent with truth & the Interest 
of the Province, & which, he knows, we should not 
suffer to pass unobserved. — Therefore, if any Letters 
come, from him, to any of the Officers, otherwise than 
from us to you, we beg you would endeavour to fur- 
nish yourself, & us, with the Substance of Such or 
even copys if possible, which you may be assured shall 
be used in no manner contrary to your Directions. 
Should he send no Information to his Superiors, of the 
State of the Province under his Command, at this 
time when they are endeavouring to throw off their 
Dependance on their Mother Country, we Imagine 
that neglect will be a great breach of his Instructions 
and deserving at least a check. We think the Nomi- 
nation of M' Nevill to be one of the Judges, will serve 
as a handle to the Rioters to Support their groundless 
clamour & Mr Belcher was so informed by the Eastern 
Councellors, before he did it, but we are willing (rather 
than to suppose that his view) to impute it to the 
Interest M' Nevill has been able to make with the 


Gov'" upon this occasion, as we know he has been very 
desirous of filhng the place; before this their clamour 
about the Judges, was without any tolerable founda- 
tion, because two of the three, for many years till 
BonnelFs Death, had no interest in the Proprietors 
side. By his Instructions he is restrained from acting 
with less than 5 Councellors where their advice is 
necessary, except in cases of Necessity. Now W- Bon- 
nell had been dead 4 or 5 months, before Dec'' 1748 & 
for a whole month he miglit have had the advice of 7 
Counsellors, wherefore this, with the advice of three 
was none of the cases of necessity meant by his 
Instructions We have a good deal of reason to beleive 
that M- Belcher has not sent home any of the Minutes 
of the Privy Council since his Arrival, which is a very 
great neglect — 

We are Sir Your most humble Servants 

Ja: Alexander 
Rob?' H: Morris 

New York May 'Mf^ 1749 

We hear that Either Gov! Belcher, or his Son, are 
going to England — for what we know not — nor cannot 
well guess — If Either comes, we think they should be 
watcht Least it be as agents for the rioters, or for the 
Assembly, against the Council, & possibly to remove 
Chief Justice Morris, who has his Commission for that 
office under the Great Seal of New Jersey with advice 
& Consent of Council during his good behaviour — 
Should they make any attempts for those purposes, we 
doubt not your Endeavours to foil them. 

'His Majestys Mandamus, in favour of M' Saltar, is 

' What follows is in the copy among Mr. Alexander's papers in Mr. Morris' hand- 
writing, all but the concludmg sentence, bearing the remark: "The above is what 
I have wrote, but do not think it is as full as it should be therefore sixbmit it to 
your wisdom." 


come to hand, which will be of great use to the prov- 
ince, as he is a man of good understanding, and named 
to the Council without M; Belchers Assistance or even 
his knowledge, and for which we acknowledge our 
Selves highly obliged to you— We have no hopes of 
having any share in M! Belchers recom'endation as to 
the future Vacancys in the Council, and should be 
Concerned to see Such a Nomination (as We may 
Expect from him) take place, but how to avoid it we 
don't at present know. It will certainly be of danger- 
ous Consequence to the King's Authority in New Jer- 
sey if a Mob Assembly (such as the present) should 
have the recommendation of Councillors which we 
think will Surely be the Case while M"' Belcher has the 
Honour to govern them we therefore beg the favour 
of your thoughts and advice as to this Matter' — viz* 
whether its possible to be avoided? & if possible, then 
how? & what do you think may be the Expense. 
We are Sir Your most humble Servants 

Ja: Alexander. 

Letter from Fei-dinand John Paris to James Alex- 
ander — about busmess before the Lords of Trade. 

[From the Original Draft among the Papers of Mr. Paris in the Librarj- of the N. J. 
Hist. Society, Bundle X, No. 78.1 

James Alexander Esq'' 
Surrey Street London 26. May 1749 


Since my last of the 15"' of April, I have incessantly 
Applyed to the Lords of Trade, for hearings On the 
Affairs abo' the Ryots, & on the Act abo' the Lines, 
And On this day have had a very long hearing before 

What follows is what was appended by Mr. Alexander. 


them On the Ryots & great number Of papers have 
been read; afterwards I prayed & p'posed, that y*" B? 
of Trade sho'' advise his Ma'^^' to instruct his Gov!" to 
I'ecommend to y'' Assembly in the most Effectual 
man'er to make every provision for y*" strengthening 
the hands of y'' CTOv''nm'^ & restoring force to the Laws 
in New Jersey, with a Declar" that if the Assembly 
did not, iraediately pay full regard to such Recom- 
mendation, his Ma'^ would lay the Affair before his 
parliam'; but the Lords of Trade, after Seeing how 
many pages the p'sent Gov' had laid before y'" Counsell 
& Assembly in NovT 1747, & after the Sev' Speeches 
by him made to them on y*" Affair of y*" Ryots whereby 
he appeared to be most intimately acquainted with the 
matter & the same by y' L're & the Minutes of y' OoJ' 
that he was desired to joyn along with you in a 
Repr'sentation of the Affair to y" King (as was most 
proper in their Opinion that he sho'' have done) but 
that he had declined it & has never, to this minute 
Sent to y*" B'^ of Trade one Single Letter, any thing 
ab^ y*" Ryots, the Lords of Trade express'd great Re- 
sentment against him and declared they conceived it 
too manifest that y" Gov' was not in earnest to support 
the Kings Auth'ity, & therefore that they would not 
advise y*" execution of Any Scheme, to y'" p'sent Gov' 
but would forthwith recom'end to y'' King to send a 
new Gov', lu/fh a Solar n froDi home, & some indepen- 
dent Company, as at New York. I imagine tliey have 
some particular p'son in View, for that place, but who 
sucli p'son may be I cannot So much as guess. For, 
finding them averse to advise Our measures w' soever 
which should be p'sued und'.' y'' p'sent Gov" direct'on, 
I then p'posed to them the annexing New Jersey to 
New York as before, but that Scheme y' whole Board 
declared themselves averse to. So that I expect they 
will represent to the King Some p'son for a new Gov' 
I tryed to get them off of this, by representing how 


late Any relief must come, by the incoming of a new 
Gov!" but in ausw!" thereto, they told me tho late yet 
this measure, & only this, in their Opinion, would be 
effectual. And So the matter stands at this present 
time * * * * 

Yo"" most obed' h'ble Serv' 

Ferd John Paris 

Letter from James Alexander and Robert H. Morris 
to Ferdhiand John Paris — about the division line 
between Neiv York and New Jersey. 

[From Original among the Papers of F. J. Paris in the Library of the N. J. Hist. 
Societj-, Bundle H, No. 24.1 

New York May 30"^ 1749 
Sir [Extracts.] 

It is certain as you Say in yours of Dec!" 29^'' that the 
Charge of This Case is fitt for a whole province to bear, 
and Tho' there's Equall reason that The Assembly of 
the Province of New Jersey Should bear the Charge of 
New Jersey, as for The Assembly of New York to 
bear the Charge of New York in this affair; yet 
because its a Service to the General proprietors we are 
well assured that the Assembly of New Jersey will 
not Contribute one farthing to the Charge; it was seen 
with much adoe that we could gett them to pass the 
Act, tho' by it the whole Charge is to be Bore by the 
proprietors of East Jersey, and could the Assembly 
undo the Act, we doubt not their Endeavours would 
not be wanting, wherefore there's not the least pros- 
pect of Obtaining one of any other form. It may be 
Supposed that Some ill behaviour of the proprietors 
has raised this Spiritt against Them, But it's far other 


wise, their Crime is being Wignien and Gentlemen, 
and Not Cap men and Mobmen, a distinction used in 
the lasst Election of Assembly men with great Success 
in East Jersey, and by which and other false & wicked 
Tales the Cap men and Mobmen were Chosen thro' 
East Jersey, Except in the City of Perth Amboy, So 
that the Assembly has a great Majority of Mob and 
Cap men in it 

->r •X- -S- -If * vl" 

Upon the application for the Royal Assent in This 
Case, There's no point ctf fact whatsoever in question, 
& barely a point of Law, tliat New York may if they 
please insist on, Viz' whether the Commissioners Ac- 
ceptance of the Commissions as before, and Executing 
them So far as was Just and agreeable to the Grants, 
Shall be binding, as to what was Therein unjustly 
directed, and not Executed. In this point New York 
would have the affirmative Side of the Argument, and 
it would lye upon Them to Show Sufficient Reasons 
that the Bare Acceptance and Executing what was 
Justly directed. Should be obligatory as to what was 
unjustly directed tho' not Executed; and if their rea- 
sons were Such as to render the Matter doubtfull to 
his Majesty, we think a Commission hither would be 
no proper means to Solve the Doubt; were there any 
fact to be Enquired of that might be A proper way, 
But as its only a point of Law, Either Sending for 
Some of the Judges of England to give their Opinion 
viva voce, or Sending the Case to them for their 
opinions in writing upon it is a much more rational 
way Than Sending a C^ommission Three Thousand 
Miles to ask The question of Men who Cannot So well 
answer it as the Judges at hand Frustra fit per plura 
(juod fieri potest per pantiora, is a maxim of the Law 
of England & Even a rule by which Nature in all 
Cases Acts, and to order a Commission to be sent -Jooo, 
miles off on The above Case, when the purpose of it 


can be better Answered by the Judges at hand, would 
be, we think, a great Deviation from The above maxim 
and Eule, and by the reference a Commission to the 
Judges of England, the King has Equally the Right to 
be appealed to from their Judgement as if The Com- 
mission had been directed hitlier. 

The difference between our Case and The above Case 
put is This, that The above Case has only one point of 
Law to be determined But our Case has not only that 
point of Law, but also another, Vizl^ Whether by the 
words of the Grants of New Jersey, Hudsons River be 
Granted, and Consequently that the Bounds of New 
Jersey Extend to the East Side of Hudsons River? 
And as This is a point of Law as well as the other, The 
Same means ought, we think, to be taken for the 
Answering of it, and not by C*om mission hither, We 
have put the first Case, in order to distinguish the two 
points of Law by Themselves, without which they 
would have appeared Blended and Confused. And if 
the King upon hearing this point of Law Shall be of 
opinion That Hudsons River did pass to New Jersey 
by the words of the Grants; or if the Judges Shall So 
give their opinions viva voce or in writing, Then is 
there no need of Exercising the discretionary i^ower 
given to his Majesty; and that power is a bare sur- 
plusage, w^hich ought not to hurt the Act. But if the 
King, or the Judges on reference, Shall be of opinion 
That The Acceptance of the first Commissions is bind- 
ing as to what was therein directed; Or that New Jer- 
sey Extends only to the middle or West Side of Hud- 
sons River; Then and in Either of these Cases comes 
the difficulty which you mention, and which we did 
not dream of, because we thought it a very easy and 
rational thing to put Such words in The Body of the 
Approbation {dedaring the partition point of New 
Jersey on Hudsons River) to be in the middle of the 
Same River) or (to be on the west Side of Hudsons 


River at high water Mark) or (at Low water mark &c) 
and Then The usual words of Approbation ''^ * '^' 

If these things be gained, its possible that what's 
aimed at may be done by the Acts in being, and if 
they be not we Shall have time to try whether we 
cannot get another Act from our Jersey Assembly, 
free from those difficulty s That this Labours under; 
but for our parts (with This present Capmen assembly) 
We utterly despair of obtaining it were it never So 
reasonable Clear and Just; our wearing wiggs and 
being called Gentlemen is objection enough. * * * 
We must beseech you and our Council to Considei' this 
matter thoroughly to Show this difference between 
Til is and Those Cases where Commissions have been 
Sent, Those Cases depended, as we have heard, upon 
many points of fact to be Examined into; But The 
we Conceive has not one point of fact upon which it 
depends, but that one, which only good Instruments 
and good observers can answer, Viz' Where is the 
Latitude of -il" on Hudsons River? In other Cases 
There were no Laws, we believe in being in the 
Respective Provinces to Settle the Lines, In this our 
Case Laws in both provinces have been passed thirty 
years ago, and in part Executed, and are still in force 
for Execution of the Remaining part. 

As to yours of JanL^' 1 7"' and the defect in the Copies 
of the New Jei'sey C^ommission of 1719, We sent 
Immediately to inquire into the matter, and directed 
That if the record differed from The original, to have 
it Recorded de Novo, with a Note at The Beginning 
Showing the Reason, and to have two Copies under 
the Great Seal, Sworn to be Compared both with the 
Original and the new Record thereof. After Long- 
Search with the Executors of the Commissioners of 
the Eastern Division, the Original Commission was 
found, and upon Comparing it with The Record from 
whence oui' formei' Exemplifications were made, the 


record was found to want Several lines of the original 
at the place you mention ***-»** As that 
omission was the fault of the Kings officers who 
recorded The Commission at The Issuing of it, it 
ought no way to be laid to the Charge of The Proprie- 
tors; Both the Original Commissions of New York and 
New Jersey are verbatim alike in the place where the 
omission was in recording ***** y^Q have 
great hopes from the Ignorance of our adversaries, and 
your and M"" Hume Campbell's Knowledge and Abili- 
ties; we have Some hopes also from The discourage- 
ment our adversaries are hke to meet with from the 
Ministry in their unreasonable opposition to Govf 
Clinton, which may Suggest to them that Notwith- 
standing the votes of the Assembly of New York, the 
Charge of opposing us may either come out of Their 
own pocketts, or their Agents be Sufferers, which may 
be the Case, if the Govi' and Council refuse to Consent 
to their Acts for appropriating money for that purpose. 

As to your question. What Evidence is there that 
any Line was run in 1684, We answer that there is no 
Evidence that any line was then run, nor do we believe 
any line was then or till 1719 ever run, and the Acts of 
1717 & 1718 Supposed Justly in Supposing none had 
ever been run. * -^ * * '" We beg leave to repeat 
That this is not a Case Consisting of Sundry points of 
fact and Law, as disputed Cases Commonly are; but 
upon one point of fact, Viz.' By Observations to dis- 
cover the Latitude of 41° If the observers use the 
Same Instruments its very improbable that They can 
differ half a Minute in taking off the Observations, 
and with the Instrument we have got, if they act bona 
fide can Seldom differ two Seconds, which will never 
cause a disagreement * * * '"' * "'' '"' * * * 

We think we have Clearly Shown that the King has 
no Lands within ten Miles of the Line by the Obser- 
vations of 1(584 1G86 or 1719, and as Those of 1719 were 
made with a Brass Instrument, and the others only 


with wooden ones, Those of 1719 between the other 
two, are most probably nearest the truth, So that tho' 
we Cannot Say Exactly where the true Ime will run, 
yett it's very improbable that it will run to The North- 
ward of The Observations of KiSl:, and as to the King's 
Rents, The Same Answers Show that the Rents ought 
not to be diminished if the Line fell as far North as 
the Observations of 1684 >:• ^ * * * * The Gov- 
ernment of New Jersey belongs to the Crown as much 
as the Government of New York, and So does the Soil 
of New Jersey as much as any land in New York, 
within Ten Miles of the Line for the Grants of New 
Jersey are rendering a Certain Rent to the Crown as 
well (tho' not So much) as these "" * * "'^ * * 
wherefore we Cannot See that The Crown has any 
more interest or Concern on the York Side than on the 

The Issuing of a General Commission we tliink 
necessarily presupposes it to be in the power of The 
King to Sett aside the tri})artite Indenture of 1719, 
which we think by no means is to be directly or indi- 
rectly admitted. If not in The i)ower of the Crown to 
Set it Aside, Then it must be to no purpose to grant a 
Commission to inquire or Judge any thing concerning 
it * -"- * •" * '■' If we Should fail of the Royall 
Assent to the Act, we have already hinted what we 
think is much more rational Than a General Commis- 
sion, M^hich w^ould in all probability Spin out the mat- 
ter far beyond the purses and Lives of the persons now 
Concerned on the Jersey Side * * " * * * 
We are Sir 

Your most humble Servants 

Ja: Alexander 
RoB^ H. Morris. 

[Under date of June 5"' 1 749 they appended a Post- 
script, in which they discussed different modes of sub- 
mitting the questions involved to the decision of three 


Judges, and the appointment of proper persons to 
observe the latitude, not materially different from 
what they had commented on in their letter. Refer- 
ring to the riots they conclude w^ith. " We believe the 
Reuniting New Jersey and New York under the Same 
Govf as they were from 1703 to IT^iS, will be most Easy 
and effectual way to preserve the peace of New Jersey, 
as the Gov!" of N York has four Companys of Soldiers 
at his Command, and had he been also Gov'" of N. 
Jersey he would have nipt the Rioting in the Budd, by 
protecting the Gaols, and bringing some of the Rioters 
to Justice."— Ed,] 

Letter from Richard Partridge, London, to Richard 
Smith, Junior, New Jersey — about New Jersey 

[From a Copy among James Alexander's Papers, Vol. II, No. 46, in the Rutherfurd 


London 4"^ mo: The 3^ 1749 

Lovimj friend Richard Smith 


* * * * rpj^g Resentment Concerning the affair 
of the Rioters in your Province, I find Continues in 
The Board Trade, and There has been Some talk of 
Ordering forces Thither, but they will hardly do any 
thing in it, I believe, till they hear further from your 
Pi'ovince about it, which we daily (3xpect " * * ''•' 

I have lately by Accident found out diverse old 
writings at the Council office, concerning a Tryall had 
in East New Jersey in The year 1695, between James 
ffullerton plaintiff", and Jeffery Jones Defendant, on a 
Suit in Ejectment for Lands held by the plaintiff from 
the Proprietors there, which the Defendant Occupied 


and was in possession of. deriving his Right by Pos- • 
session, Indian purchase and Conveyance from Coll 
Richard Nicholls, Deputy Govei-nor, And Agent of The 
Duke of York; And the plaintiff pleaded his Right in 
behalf of the Proprietors; which Cause at The tryall 
before the Court of Common Right in New Jersey, 
was, after a fair tryah, given by the Jury in favour of 
Jones the Defendant, by bringing in a General Ver- 
dict; but the Court, as they had directed the Jury to 
Bring in their verdict Special, leaving the point of Law 
to the Judges, would not accept of the Verdict; and 
upon a pretty deal of deliberation (Notwithstanding 
the Verdict of the Jury) gave Judgement for ff uUer- 
ton, the plaintiff with Costs of Suit; whereupon the 
Defendant appealed to the King in Council; which 
was not granted by the Court; but on his Petition 
here, it was allowed him, and after The matter had 
been referred to the Board of Trade, and their Report 
thereupon to the Lords Committee of Council, and an 
Answer Returned, from the Proprietors, to Jones's 
Petition, the appeal Came on to be Solemnly heard 
and Argued by Council before the Said Lords Com- 
mittee, who awarded the Said Judgement of the Court 
of New Jersey to be Reversed, and accordingly it was 
Confirmed by the King in Council, in favour of the 
Appellant Jones by reversing and making void the 
Said Judgement.' 

This Case, as I take it, is exactly Similar to the 
present Circumstances of the Land holders now in 
your Province. Copies of Several of the Said writings 
I have obtained, and herewith send Thee Some of them 
for further information, Viz' of Jones's Petition, an 
Abreviated Abstract of The Proceedings of The Case 
before the Court in New Jersey, and of the King in 
Councirs Oi'der for reversing The Judgement of the 

' This case is referred to in the appendix to the Elizabetlitown Bill in Chancery. 
Schedule 13, p. 122.— Ed. 


said Court — And I have been thinking, in order to 
quiet the Minds of The people, who may have Such 
Dismall apprehensions of the Precariousness of the 
Titles to their Estates, That if two or three of Them 
would now permitt a fair tryall to be had there in the 
Province, and if Cast, would appeal to the King in 
Council to try the Validities of the Titles, they would 
find their account in it, and it is what by all means I 
would Recommend and advise them to; and if they 
will Transmitt their appeal to me, together with the 
proper powers and requisites, I would act for their 
interest in The Best manner I am capable of, with the 
Assistance of an able SoUicitor and Counsel, and am 
not without hopes of Succeeding to their Satisfaction. 
This Course will be much more honourable for them 
to take, Than to Continue in Such a Tumultuous dis- 
tracted Condition as they have of late pursued, and be 
under the necessity of Submitting to force of Ai'ms, 
which I doubt will be the Consequence, by the Gov- 
ernment's Sending over forces from hence for that 
purpose; and at last the Province be obliged to pay the 

I therefore Intreat this matter may be laid before 
the Assembly as early as possible, and Recommended 
in The warmest manner to the Chief of the Rioters; 
for I do assure them the unwarrantable Methods they 
have taken, is highly dishonourable, will no ways 
answer their purpose, and is disgustfuU, and very 
greatly Resented by the Ministry. Let me have their 
answer as Soon as possible, to lay before those in 
Authority here; and in The mean time I intend to 
acquaint Some of Them of this my advice and Recom- 
mendation, hoping they will be prevailed upon to wait 
a Suitable time yet, without giving orders for violent 
measures to be pursued. 

I am Thy friend 

R'' Partridge 


Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alexan- 
der — concern iug the condition of the affairs of the 
Province in London. 

I From an Original Copy among the pajjers of Mr. Paris in the Libi-ary of tlie N J. 
Hist. Sol-., Bundle X, No. 78.) 

James Alexander Esq. 

Surrey Street London 7 June 1749 

Sir [Extracts.] 

My last was writ in hurry On 26. May, as soon as I 
came back from the hearing before the Board of Trade 
on the New Jei-sey Ryots '• "" """ -^ •• In my 
hurry then I ommitted to tell you, that y' Lords of 
Trade (consisting of y' E of Halifax, L'' Dupplin, M"" 
Pitt M' Fane & M'' Grenville present and hearing) 
thought that M'" Belcher had greatly exceeded his 
})Ower in passing an Act to pardon Treason. Ano'' 
thing the}^ made me An Offer of (if I believed that 
might temporise, & conciliate y"' minds of An Assem- 
bly) namely to give them leave to make a little more 
paper money; w'ch was a great condescent'on from 
thai, Board, who had Just now bro* into parliament, & 

laboured a Bill to C all paper mony in 

America " "■• * '• "" 8o much, by way of Supple- 
ment to my last Letter. Since which time the Board 
of Trade have had Sev! Meetings on this Affair & are 
to have a great Meeting of the Lord Chan- ct both y^ 
Sec'rys of State on it as soon as the parliam' is up & 
are very fearful least y'* Flame Should spread too far 
in New Jersey, Or in y'' Neighbouring provinces 
■" * ■" ■'• "" I am to Acquaint you that M"" Penn 
has waited on Lord Halifax & others of y' B'' of Trade, 
& On y*^ Duke of Bedford & other Great men, very 


many times, on this question, & lent every powerful 

Assistance w^'ch could a desired, but the 

New Jersey Society have given them Selves no Sort of 
trouble abo' it, leaving it to take its course. I have 
consulted M"" Penn, On the p'sent Appearance that 
Forces will be sent over & On yo!' apprehensions of y° 
Expense w'ch that measure must Occasion to New 

Jersey You Should kno^v best, whether it 

will be such an Expense, or whether it is one at New 
York? but we know that the Comss'"' at New York are 
here p'ovided for by p'liam^ as part of the Establishm^ 
* * * ■" * The Bill to Annihilate yo'' paper mony 
is laid by (decently) for this Session." "•■ - * '"■ 
I am Your niost obed' h'ble Serv^ 
< Ferd John Paris. 

Extract from a letter to Ferdinand John Paris fro7n 
ttvo members of the Council of Neiv Jersey — 
relatmg to the Assembly. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G 19. | 

Copy taken out of a Letter, from two of the 
Members of his Majestys Councill in New 
Jersey, to M'' Paris in London, dated the 
24:^^ of April 1749 [and by him transmitted 
to John Pownall Esqr June 9*-^ 1749.] 

As the Locusts in Hungary, eat up every green 
thing, before them, So have the Ryoters destroyed all 
the Timber, on the Lands on the East Side of Pasaick 
River behind Newark & Elizabeth Town, belonging to 
Many private persons here & in England, And, Now, 
they have, in great numbers, armed, got Over Pasaick 
River, into the Lands of the Proprietarys of Pensilva- 


Ilia, who have abo' 20,000, Acres of well Timber'd 
Land there, & into the Lands of many other West 
Jersey Proprietors, adjoyning & near to them; Not- 
withstanding Sundry positive Laws, made for the 
l)reservaG'on of Timber, & to prohibit the Transporta- 
c'on. Yet, All Laws are laughed at, cSc disregarded, &. 
they, with force, cutt, carry & transport Timber, in 
the Face of the Magistrates & defy them, & the Magis- 
trates do run the risque of their Lives, even to Reason 
with them upon the Injustice of thos Courses, For, as 
to useing force, they have not the least prospect of 
Succeeding in it The Countenance given to tlie Riot- 
ers, by the two last Sessions of Assembly, has gi-eatly 
encreased their Numbers, & they will daily encrease, 
till his Ma'-' shall interpose (we are afraid) in some 
More effectual way, than by Writing, or Threats, how- 
ever prudent it may be to use those, first 

fj'ffpr from FerdinaurJ Join/ Paris to JoJiii Poirjifi/h 
Esq. — fransniittiyig several papers relafiu;/ to flic 
rebellion in Netv Jerse//, for the information of 
the Lords of Trade. 

IFrom P. K. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI. ii M.] 

John Pownall Esq- 
Surry Street Saturday Mornf 10 June 1749 


Late last night, the Master of the Ship Nebuchad- 
nezzar, being come up, I Rece'd my Packett, Contain- 
ing, amongst other things, the papers menc'oned in 
the enclosed List: All which papers there menc'oned I 
herewith transmitt to you, thus imediately, for the 




informac'on of the Right Hono'^?^ the Lords Com" for 
Trade & Plantac'ons. 

I have had Sent to me, A Continuac'on of the Brief 
State of Facts, from the 6^" of Dec!' 1748 to the 14*!' of 
April 1749, Of which a Copy is making against this 
Night, or at furthest Monday morning, for my Lords 

In the meantime, I am. 
Sir, Your most obedient humble Serv*^ 

Ferd John Paris 



A List of papers relating to the Rebellion in New- 
Jersey, this day delivered, into the Office of the Lords 
Commissioners for Trade & plantac'ons, by Ferdinando 
John Paris. 

Printed Votes of New Jersey Assembly, 
from 20. Feb: 1748. to 28 Mar!^ 1749, both 
Days inclusive. 

Manuscript Copy of Minutes of the New 
Jersey Council in Legislature, from 21. Feb 

1748, to 28. Mar!^ 1749, both days included. 
All in a paper book, attested by James 

Alexander, Rob' H: Morris & Andrew John- 
ston Esq7 Three of his Majestys Councill. 

The Copy of the Councill of Proprietors 
Third Proposal to the Ryoters Com*?'' to bring 
on a Tryal, give Security, &c, dated 10. April 

1749. The Copy of the Answer by the Ryot- 
ers Com*?*" dated 12. April 1749. 

The Copy of the Councill of proprietors 
Reply, dated 13. April 1748. 

And an Original Affidavit (to prove the s" 
three last menc'oned papers Delivered &;c) 
made the 14*^ of April 1749. 

Ferd John Paris 


Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to John Poumall, 
Esq., trausmitting documents relating to tlie Riots 
in New Jerseij. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G 2^.J 

John Pownall Esq'" 

Surry Street, London. 11. June 1749. 


In addi'con to mine of yesterday Mornings date I 
beg leave herewith to transmitt you a Copy (as sent to 
me from New Jersey) of the C'Ontinuac'on of the State 
of Facts, down to the 1-t"' of April last inclusive, & a 
Copy of an Affidavit of Daniel Cooper Esq-' that day 
made there. I beseech you to lay the same, with all 
Speed, before my Lords Com" for Trade & Planta- 
c'ons, & Am, 

Sir, Your most Obedient humble Serv^ 

Ferd John Paris 

Copy of the Affidavit of Daniel Cooper Esq- 
rec'ed in London 9. June 1749 

Daniel Cooper Es(f One of his Majesty's Justices of 
the Peace for the County of Morris, being duely sworn 
on the Holy Evangelists, on his (3ath declared that, 
during the Six Months while the Pardon Act was last 
Year in Being & in Force, the Destruction of Timber, 
on tlie South East Side of Pasaick River, continued, 
or rather increased, & that it's melancholly to see the 
Destruction there, of the finest Timbered Land of this 
Province, they being now strowed with fine Trees cut 
down, & two or three Lengths of Staves taken out, & 


all the Rest left a rotting, whereas the Rest might 
have heen mostly used for Ship Timber; That the 
Timber, on the South East Side of Pasaick, being, last 
Year, mostly destroyed, those Vagabonds got. Last 
Winter, over Pasaick River, into the Great Swamp, 
belonging to the Proprietary s of Pensilvania, to 
Dowckra's Heirs, & Others, and are committing, to 
this Day, the like Destruction of Timber there, and he 
verily believes, the Number of those Vagabonds, 
Destroyers, does now, daily, encrease, That their 
Force is far Superior to any, that any of the Magis- 
trates can raise. That, as he conceived his Duty was, 
he has gone, several Times, to endeavour to persuade 
them to desist, but to no Effect; That One Time, upon 
that Occasion, a Blow, with a Club, was aimed at this 
Deponent, by One of them, which, had not this Depo- 
nent got out of the Way of it, he verily believes, 
might have killed him, as the Blow struck upon a 
Fence, &, with the Force of it, the Club was shivered 
to Pieces And further sayth not. 

Daniel Cooper 
Sworn the fourteenth Day of 
April 1T49. Before Ja: Alexander, 

A Second Addition to, 
Continuac^on of. 
The Brief State of Facts Con- 
cerning the Riots & Insurrections, 
down to 14. Apl. 1749. 
rece'd in London 9 June 1749. 

A Second Addition to the Brief State of Facts, con- 
cerning the Riots & Insurrections in New Jersey, & 
the Remedy s attempted by the Gov'm-, <k the Legisla- 


tiire, to put an End to them, & to restore the Peace of 
the Province; Which Brief State of Facts is entred in 
the Minutes of Council of Jan'> 11"' 1747-8: And the 
first Addition thereto, is entred in the Minutes of 
Council of Dec' s'" 1748. 

1748. Dec'" 6. A C*opy of his ExcelP''' Speech, of the 
3;' being layd before the Council, On the next Day an 
humble Address was agreed on, & signed, in Answer 

1748. Dec." 8. The Council sent One Message to the 
Assembly demanding a free Conferrence, on the Sub- 
ject Matter of the Traitors & Rioters; And another 
Message, demanding a free Conferrence, on the Sub- 
ject Matter of the Coiners it Counterfeiters; As by s? 
Messages in the Minutes of Council & Assembly may 

1748. Decl" 9. The Council presented their Address, to 
his ExcelP? in Answer to his Speech of the 3!' of that 
Month, heartily thanking his Excellency for his s^ 
Speech, & his just Sentiments therein; and heartily 
concurring, with his Opinion, concerning the Traitors, 
Rioters, Coiners & Counterfeiters, and declaring (if 
we cannot put an End to these Disorders among Our- 
selves) their Readiness to joyn, with his ExcelP-^, in 
laying the State and Condition of this Province at his 
Ma'?^ To which Address his ExcelP>' made a favour- 
able Answer, As by the s^ Address & Answ^er, entred 
in the Minutes of Council of Dec'" 9"' & 10"' may appear. 

174s. Dec' 9. Afterwards, On the same Day, the 
House of Assembly presented their Address, in Answer 
to his ExcelP?* Speech, wherein, they seem to donbf, 
Whether the Aid of the Legislature be necessary, for 
bringing the s-' C'riininals to Justice, & desire the Laws 
in Behig to be put more fully in Execution, ag'' them; 
And, if then, they prove insufficient, their particular 
Defects may be ]3ointecl out, to the next Meeting of 
the Assembly, that they may be able to do wliat may 


be further necessary to be done, on the Occasion To 
which Address, his Excellency gave an Answer, 
Observing on the Want of Substance therein: And 
further, still recommending to them, the Doing what 
he mentioned there, & in his Speech; For that, other- 
wise, this Province would be a Scene of Wild Distrac- 
tioii & Confusion, & a Stage for every Evil Work. 
As by the Minutes of Council & Assembly of the 9^'' & 
10"' of Dec'' last, may appear. 

1748. Dec!' 10. The Assembly sends, to the Council, 
an Answer to the Two Messages of the 8^'' without 
saying, whether they wo^ conferr, or not, on the Sub- 
ject Matters men? in these Messages of the Council: 
But referring the Council to the Address of the Assem- 
bly of the Day before, for their Sentiments on those 
Points. As by the Minutes of Council & Assembly of 
that Day may appear. 

1748. Dec-' 12: The Council send a Message, to the 
Assembly, in Answer to theirs of the 10"', contain? 
sundry Eesolves of the Council, concerning the Coin- 
ers, Counterfeiters, Traitors & Rioters, & the means to 
bring them to Justice, & observing on the many 
Recommendations to them, for 3 years past, of the 
Affair of the Traitors & Rioters, & on the Answer of 
the Assembly, to those Recommendations; And par- 
ticularly, on what was Voted, & done, by the Legis- 
lature, on that Affair, in Jan"".^ & Feb'7 1747 8; And on 
the Inconsistency, of their now Address, with those 
Things: And pointing to the Evidences, layd before 
the Assembly, upon his ExcelP^^ Speech, by which, it 
appeared, that the Rioters were continually increasing 
in Numbers & Strength, & plundering the Estates of 
Private Persons, with Impunity, & that his Ma'^^ suf- 
fering Subjects CO-' have no Redress, as None of those 
Evil Doers could be kept in Prison, longer than they 
themselves pleased; And observing that. Nothing in 
the s'' Address of the Assembly, was positive, whe- 


they wo'' conferr with the Council, or not, on the Suh- 
ject Matters, whereon Conferences were by them 
demanded; Therefore, the Council insisted on Cate- 
gorical Answers, to theii* s'' Messages. As by the 
Minutes of Council of Dec' li^"' & Minutes of Assem- 
bly of Dec-' l;V!' may appear. 

1748. Dec' 15. The House of Assembly send a Mes- 
sage, to the Council, desiring to know what they had 
done with the Bill for Support of Gov'm*, then before 
the Council; for that, they, the Assembly, had nothing 
else, l)efore them. As by the Minutes of Council & 
Assembly of that Day appears. 

1748. Dec- 15. The Council send to the Assembly 
an Answer, to the s-' Message, pointing out, that the 
Assembly had before them the s'' two Messages, 
demanding Conferrences on the 8ul)ject Matters of the 
Traitors, Eioters, Coiners & C-ounterfeitors, To w'ch 
they had sent no Categorical Answers, tho by the 
Message of 12'.'' insisted on; That they had, before 
them Proofs, w'ch shewed a traiterous Conspiracy, 
within this Province, ag^-' his Ma'^^ Crown & Dignity, 
& Proofs, that a Number of Men, who stood indicted 
& accused of High Treason, go, publickly, abo' this 
Province, exciting his Ma'?^ Subjects to Treason & 
Eebellion, & that all Endeavours to bring them to 
Justice have proved ineffectual. And that, if those 
Things were nothimj, in the Eyes of the Assembly, 
they were sorry for it: As for them, (the Council) they 
conceived themselves bound, by their Oaths, to defend, 
his Ma*^'^ Person, & his Crown &c Dignity, to the 
utmost of their Power, ag''-' all Treasons & Traiterous 
Conspiracys w'soever, & to disclose, & make them 
known, to his Ma':^: and concluded with insisting on 
Categorical Answers to the s-' two Messages. As by 
the Minutes of Council & Assembly of that Day may 

1748. Dec- 15. The Council, admiring at the strange 


Conduct of the Assembly, in Relation to the s-' two 
Messages, ordered M- Morris & M- Antill to be a 
Com*®®, to inspect the Journals of the House of Assem- 
bly, & report what they have done, in Relation to the 
Traitors, Rioters & Mony Makers, & upon the Mes- 
sages of the Council, demanding Con ferrences on those 
Matters? As by the Minutes of Council aj)pears. 

1748. Deer 16. M'" Morris & M^ Antill reported. That 
they had inspected the Journals of the House of As- 
sembly, & had got Copys, attested by the Clerk, of 
two Minutes of that House, The One, of the 7'.'' of Dec'" 
tfe the Other of the 15"' w'ch were then entred on the 
Minutes of the Council; And by the Minute of the 7*-', 
it appeared That the Assembly had voted. That it was 
not necessary, at that Time, to make any Law, for the 
more effectual bringing to Justice the Rioters & Dis- 
turbers of the Publick Peace of the Province. And, 
by that Minute of the 15'", The House of Assembly 
had made sundry Resolves, reflecting on the Message 
of the Co'.' of the 12**' Instant. As by the Minutes of 
Council & Assembly may appear. 

1748. Decl' 16. The Council rec'.' a Message, from 
the Assembly, in Answer to the Message of the Co" of 
the 15'!', & therewith they send a Copy of the said 
Resolves of the Assembly of the 15*-', & say the Co" 
need expect no other- Answer, at that Time, fi'om that 

1748. Dec!" k;. The Council resolved, that the As- 
sembly's S-' Message, & their s'' Resolves, & their 
Address to his ExcelF-^, amount!* to an absolute Refu- 
sal to do any Thing, at this Time, ag*** the s!' Criminals, 
& to a Refusal to conferr with the Co'.', on those Sub- 
jects; And made sundry Resolves, on the Conse- 
quences of those Refusals, & particularly, that it was 
the indispensible Duty of the Members of the Co'.' to 
lay a Representation, before his Ma*.*', & Ministers of 
the deplorable State of this Province, in Relation to 
those Matters. 


174S. Dec' ic. The Council sent ?>. of their Mem- 
bers, to acquaint his Excelh:^ with their s'.' Resolves, & 
to know, if his ExcelP-^' wo'' be pleased to joyn, in the 
s'.' Eepresen"'; Who brought Answer, That his ExcelP:'' 
would, very readily, join in a Eepresen", witli tlie Co", 
in any Thing reasonable, after he had perused the 
Papers. Whereupon, the C/o" resolved that the Mem- 
bers then present, would, on Thursday then next, 
meet at Burlington, to apply to liis Excelh'-^', to join 
with them, in such Re])resent'''' as sho'' be thought 
proper, for the Pin'])ose afos-' 

174S. Dec' 10. The Council then considered the 
Reflections, cast l)y s'.' Resolves of the Assembly, on 
the Councils Message of the 12"' Inss^ & came to sun- 
dry unanimous Resolutions, w'ch they sent, to the 
Assembly, in Answer thereto. As by the Minutes of 
the Co" & Assembly of that Day may appear. 

174S. Dec": 1(). M^' Johnston, One of the Members of 
the Co" acqu'^'' them, that his ExcelP- had told him, 
that lie thought it for his Ma'-"* Service, & the Good of 
this Province, once more, to try ano'.' Session of As- 
sembly, hefore he joiited in any Represent'", & that he 
might let the Co" know so. As by the Minutes of that 
Day may appear. 

1748. Dec- 1(». His Excellency gave his Assent to 
tlie Bills passed by the two Houses, & pi'orogued tlie 
Assembly to the lO"' of Feb'''' then next. 

1748. Dec' 1^0. By the Deposition of Mathew Phil- 
lipse, of Horseneck, this Day taken, a|>pears a Con- 
firm'-' of what other Witnesses, formerly, deposed, 
concerning the Rioters, & pticularly, tliat he hapned 
to be present, at the Meeting, when the Rioters, at 
Newark, app'"' Assessors & Colledors, & names the 
psons tlien app^'''', and how they were chosen; Says 
they hare, ser' times, laid & collected Taxes: That it's 
a com'on Report, & the Deponent heard Emmanuel 
Cocker, One of the Rioters Officers, so ap])"^*"' as afs'' 


say it, That the Com'^'5^ of the Rioters, at Newark, had 
lately pui'chased a great Tract of Land beyond Rock- 
away, of Andreiv the Indian, at Cramherry; That the 
Rioters have psons app*"^ to summon them, when any 
of them are arrested, to meet to rescue them; That 
One Francis Cook, the Week before that Deposition, 
was abo-, amongst the Rioters, at Horseneck, sum- 
moning them to meet, to show themselves in their 
ivhole Number to the Goif at Amboy, on the 21'.' of 
Dec!"; Says that the Rioters threaten those, who refuse 
to join them & to pay Taxes, to burn them out of Pos- 
session; And that the Depon[ was so threatned, & that 
many more have been so threatned. 

1748. Dec". 22. By the Deposition of Archibakl Mor- 
rison, of Lamitank, in the Co*^ of Hunterdon, this Day 
taken, he says, that, on the friday before, he was at a 
Tavern, at Repack, & saw an Advertism^. sett up, at 
the Door thereof; That he heard it read, & beheved 
the Substance thereof was, That all those that belonged 
to the Club in the Co^'-'-'^ of Essex, Bergen & Somerset, 
& the Society in the Co*'-' of Hunterdon, sho'^ come to 
the House of Justice Hoard, at Woodbridge, on 
Wednesday, the 21'.' of Dec'' Inst-. That he heard the 
Purpose of their Meeting w^as, to lay their Grievances 
before the Gov'.'; Says that, y'day, he saw, at Piscata- 
way; Sundry Persons, belonging to the Club, & he 
ask'd them, if they were going further downwards? 
Who answered, not; for that the Gov!" was gone to 
Burlington. See Min: Council March 24"' 1748-9. 

1748. DecV 22. Six of the Members of the C&-\ in 
Pursuance of their Resolution of the 1(>"' made & 
signed a Represent to his Ma'^, of the deplorable State 
of this Province, in Relation to the Traitors & Rioters, 
As also. One Letter, to his Grace the Duke of Bedford, 
his Majesty's Principal Sec'.^ of State, &, another, to 
the Lords Com'.' for Trade & Plan".', referring to the 
Proofs of the s-' Represents in the Minutes of Co-' & 


Assembly; And they exam'.', & attested, Copies of the 
Minutes of Co" of that Session, So far as concerned the 
Traitors & Eioters, to go with the s'^ Rej^resent^, to the 
s" Sec'>' of State & Board of Trade: As by a C^opy of 
the s'^ Eepresent'' & Purport of the s-' Letters, entred 
on the Minutes of C-ouncil of Mar'.' ;>5"' ITiO. may 

IT'JrS-l). Jan'.^ His Excehency dissolved the last 
Assembly, & issued Writs for calling a New Assem- 
bly, w'ch met the l>o*." of Feb'.>', (IT. of the old Mem- 
bers, & T. New Ones. ) 

174:S-1>. Feh'.> M' Nevill, 2'.' Judge of the Supream 
Court, took o Depos"-, concei'iiing the Meeting of the 
Rioters, at Justice Heard's, men'' in Phillipse's & Mor- 
rison's Depos"' before, viz' of JoJni Heard, Stephen 
Craine, & IF"' Tillman. Which slievv that upwards 
of 20. of the Rioters, amongst whom was Amos Rob- 
erts, mett, at the House of the s'' John Heard, One 
Day in the Week after the End of the then last Session 
of Assembly; And sayd. They expected sei^. hundreds 
then to meet there, to go & shew the Gov' that the 
Mob Pa7iy were the strongest & grecdest Part of the 
Province; That they assaulted, & used many Threat- 
nings to. Justice Heard; They dared the putting any 
of them, in Amboy Goal, again: And threat ned. if 
they did, to pull it down to the Ground; The s'' Amos 
Roberts vaunted that he had 800 Men at his Call, at 
any Time; They damned the Township of Woodbiidge: 
& sayd, there was not a Man in it; & that they wo'' 
drive the whole Town; That the said Amos Roberts 
was reverenced by the Company, as if he had been a 
King. As by the Substance, entred in the Minutes of 
Co" of March 24"' 1T4S-9. appears. 

1748-9. Feb'.-^'21. The Gov'.' made a Speech to the 
Co" & Assembly, telling them the Reason of his call- 
ing them together was, to suppress the Disorders, & to 
restore the Peace, of the Province, by raising Mony to 


guard the Goals; & press'd the Matter upon them, in 
very strong Terms, & pticulai-ly, that he must repre- 
sent the Matter to his Ma'^', if they did not. 

Mar'.' 4. Tlie Council address his Excell'^^, upon his 
Speech, declaring their Approh" of calling them 
together, & of all Steps tending to that good End, & 
their Readiness to join, in any effectual Measures, for 
restoring the Peace of the Province. 

Mar'.' 7. The Assembly address the Gov'', in Answer 
to his Speech, refusing to raise any Mony for guard- 
ing the Goals, Using sundry Insinuations, in Favour 
of the Rioters, &, taking upon them to direct him, lioiv 
he shall represent the Matter to his Majesty. 

Mar'.' 1.5. Marl' 10. & 25. The Assembly having sent 
the Quota Bill up, to the Council, in the same Form as 
had been done the two preceding Sessions, The Coun- 
cil amended it, agreeable to the Royal Instrnction. 
That Amendment, the Assembly rejected. The Coun- 
cil adhered to their Amendment, and pointed out the 
Reasons, and demanded a Conferrence. 

The Assembly refused a Conferrence. And, by theii- 
Message of 25"' March, endeavour to render the Coun- 
cil odious to the People of the Province, for insisting 
on the not breaking thro the Kings Instruction. 

1T48-9 Mar'.' 16. The Gov!" answers the Address of 
the Assembly, vfe again presses on them, in the strong- 
est Terms, to do what is necessary for suppressing & 
preventing Riots; And, if they did it not, may not 
they be justly thought Accessarys, with the Rioters? 

Mar" IS. Two Men, pretending to be fully im pow- 
ered by the Majority of the People who claim Lands 
by Indian Purchases before 1708, propose a Trial, to 
Mess'.** Alexander & Morris, Owners of 13,500. Acres 
at Horseneck, w'cb some Men pretend to have pur- 
chased of the Indians. To which, the s-' Alexander & 
Morris, answer, desirin.2," to see them, & their Powers, 


at Perth Amboy, at next Supreain Court, & they 
would, then, with Advice of their Co" give an Answer 
to their Proposals. This Proposal & Answer, the 
Assembly print, in their Minutes, & by N'' 12. 15. It;. 
& 17. of M. A. noted on, endeavour to represent tJiis 
Dispute as the Cause of the Rioting, & the s-^ Alexan- 
der & Morris as the Causers, & to render them odious 
to the Province, & insinuate. That the accepting the 
Tryal proposed, will restore the Peace of the Province: 
A Plot laid, abo* the End of the Decern^ Session, we 
suppose in Revenge for said Alexander & Morris's 
vigourously pushing the Affair of the Rioters to a 
Crisis during that Session, And a very improbable 
Plot, As no Riot icas ever com' if fed on, or concent ing, 
any Suit b)'o' by Alexander dt Morris, in Relation to 
these Lands; But yet, it's suppos'd that the Assemlily 
thought they had laid these Gentle" under an inextri- 
cable Dilemma; foi', if they refused the Proposals, 
then, were they to be esteemed the Cause of the Con- 
tinuance of the Riots, & all the ill Consequences of 
the Riots to the Province were to be layd at their 
Door, & they would, thereby, be made horrible to the 
People. If they accepted the Offer, in these Terms 
proposed, it wo'^ be owning that the Continuance of 
the Riots depended on that Tryal; & consequently, no 
Need of the Kings Interposition, till tliat Tryal was 
over, w^'ch they could find Pi-etences enough easily to 
delay, or if pushed to a Tryal, there's Room left, on 
the Rioters Part, to push for a gen! Verdict, & as a 
great Majority of the People, at present are Faronrens 
of the Rioters, it wo'' be impossible to get any Struck 
Jury, but the Majority of them wo? be such. 

Mar'' 21. The Assembly send a Message, to the 
Gov^ acquainting him that they had a Petition from 
170. Persons, whereof some who had been led unad- 
visedly, to commit Riots &c, were convinced, that 
such Practices were wrong, & illegal, & had prayed 


the House to petition his ExcelP-^ for an Act of Grace, 
desiring only a fair Tryal for their Lands, before dis- 
interested Judges, & set forth the s'' Proposal, w'ch 
they liope will be accepted, & accord^J^ pray his Ex- 
celP.^' to grant such Act of Grace; To w'ch, the Gov'' 
answers, he would do all, in his Power, the restore 
the Peace of the Colony, by joining with the other 
Branches of the Legislature, in such Measures as they 
shall think proper for that Purpose. 

Mar'.' 22. The Assembly send a Message, to the 
Council, acquainting them with their Message to the 
Gov!", & his Answer, & requesting a Conferrence, on 
the Subject Matter thereof. 

Mar'.' 23. The Council, in Answer, shew. They have 
no Right to conferr with the Assembly, on the Point 
of the Pardon; As to the other Point, they agree to a 
Conferrence, & appoint a Com*®^ &; Time & Place. 

1Y49. Mar" 25. The Com''^'^** of both Houses make 
Report of what was propos'd on the Conferrence for 
restoring the Peace of the Province, viz* 

If his ExcelP.y wo^ grant a Pardon, then, the Co'.' 
Sho-^ join, with the Assembly, in an Act, to stay all 
Process at Law, ag^.*^ the Rioters, concerning Titles of 
Land &c for such Time as sho*' be agreed on by both 
Houses; And the Com*^*' of the Assembly proposed 
nothing else, tho pressed to it by the Com*!® of the 

17-1:0. Mar" 25. The Assembly send a Message, to 
the Gov', in Answer to his second Speech to them, 
Co7ifirming their former Refusal to do any Thing ag"'' 
the Rioters. 

1749. Mar'.' 25. The Represent"' to his Ma*.^' of DecV 
22^^ 174S. is laid, before the Council, & cdl the Counsel- 
lors, who had not joined in it, being then present, all 
unanimously approved of it. 

Mar'.' 28. The Co-' agree on the Form of a Letter, to 
his Grace, the Duke of Bedford, acquainting him, with 


the s? Approbation, the dissolving last Assembly, Call- 
ing a New, & their Refusal to do any Thing ag®' the 
Rioters, but did many Things i)t tlieir Favour &c. 
Four fair Copys are signed, by the Counsellors, two to 
be transmitted to his Gi-ace, & two, to the Loi-ds of 
Trade, by different Conveyances. See Notes on it, 
pointing to the Proof of Facts, alledged ag'^ the Assem- 
bly in it. 

Mar'.' 2s. The Gov'." assented to tlie Acts passed, & 
adjourned the Assembly to the 18'!' of May. 

mo. Apr' If). The Council of Proprietors of E. 
Jersey agree on an Answer to the Proposal in M. A. of 
Mar'' 18*'' Shew^ing the Untruth therein, of tlieir being 
always ready for a Tryal; & renewing the Proposals, 
in the Proprietors 2'.' Publication ; declaring they renew 
them, in Complyance with the Recommendation of 
the Assembly, not believing it will have any such 
Effect as the Assembly think, as none of the Riots 
have ever been committed on any Suit of theirs, or of 
Alexander & Morris: And averring that One, or more, 
of the three Judges of the Supream C^ourt have, for 
Eight Years past, been disinterested, in the Point in 

1749. Apr' 12. Five of the Com'=^ of the Rioters at 
Newark, came & offered Security, to stand Tryal, pur- 
suant to tlie Proposal of Mar'.' 1 8, as per Copy of their 
Offer in Writing there, but shewed no Powers: They 
were told of what the Council of Prop'-* had agreed to, 
& promised that One of their Number would call foi' 
Copy of it, on fry day. 

1749. Apr' 13. Alexander & Morris draw an An- 
swer, to the Offer of the 12'!', observing on tlieir not 
producing the Powers, they sayd they had. And that 
the Officers co-' not bind those they had any Concern 
with, without authentick Powers from them; & 
declaring their Readiness to treat with them, on. 2)ro- 
ducing their Powers. 


IT-tO. Apr' 14. Fryday, the Person came, who 
agreed to call this Day, &, the Clerk of the Council of 
Proprietors gave him an Original, Signed by him, of 
the Council of Proprietors Answ^er of the lO'.'', & an 
Original, signed by Morris & Alexander, of their 
Answer of the 1.3"\ & makes Oath to the Delivery of 
these under Copys of them, & of Paper of the 12'-' 

Lefter from James Alexander to David Ogden — on the 

propriet]! of tryhi{/ the rioters in Essex Count//. 

I From the OriKinal r)raft among the Papers of Mr. Alexander, Vol. II, No. 11. 
m Rutherfurd Collection. | 

[To M'' David Ogden Newark] 

New York June 23^ 1749 

Sir [Extract.] 

* ^ ^ * * I told M-- Johnston That I thought it 
as much as my neck was worth to Consent to try any 
of the Rioters by a Jury of the County of Essex untill 
directions came from his Majesty or Ministeis on the 
Representations Sint "" * * * ^ I told M' John- 
ston Also that the fear of their further Rioting, or if 
even all New Jersey Should Join them Man and 
Woman it should not induce me to advise Such a 
thing till directions from Home, for if they All Should 
Join, I doubted not but That his Majesty could and 
and would restore his Government and Laws m New 
Jersey and make lasting Examples of tliem who had 
rebelled against Them and overturned them — 

I ask'd M' Johnston, Suppose an Impartial Jury 

..eould be found in Essex, and found Some of those 

^Accused of high treason to be Guilty, and That The 

Judges pronounced Tlie Judgement of High Treason 


against Them, whether These Judgements could now 
be Executed in Essex County? He owned he could 
not Say that they Could. I told him Then it must be 
betraying and trifling with Justice, to trye, when the 
Sentence cannot be Executed. * * * i am &c 

Ja: Alexander 

Letter from Governor Belcher to the Duke of Bedford 
about the affairs of the Province — comjylaints 
against him, etc. 

[From P. R. O. America and West Indies, Vol. XIV, p. 276.1 

Burlington New Jersey 24"" June 1749. 

Mai/ it 2^1 ease your Grace 

I did myself the honour, of writing your Grace, 21: 
and 22: April Last, with sundry publick papers, 
relating to the Government of this Province, Dupli- 
cates whereof, I have now tlie honour, to transmit to 
your Graces. 

I have lying before Me, your Graces Letters, of 1 <)''.' 
December, and of r>':" February, which last came to 
hand, 21: of May, with His Majestys Proclamation, in 
Conformity, to a Definitive Treaty, of Peace, between 
His Majesty, and the most Christian King, together 
with the States General, of the United Provinces; and 
the Accession thereto, of the other powers, concerned 
in the late Warr, the said Proclamation has been duly 
publisht in this Province. 

Your Graces Other Letter of 1 <> : December; I received 
the U':' instant, and Shall C-onform my Self, to the 
directions therein by aiding and Assisting Any Person, 
or persons, that may be Appointed, by the Tresurer, 
of the Royal Hospital at Greenwich to recover, and 


receive any unclaimed Shares of Prizes, due to the Said 
Hospital, in this Province. 

I have now the honour to Send your Grace The 
Transactions, of the general Assembly, of this Prov- 
ince, in their last Session (being held at this place Viz' 

The Several Acts of the Legislature, each of them, 
Separate, under the Seal, of the Province. 

Ti'anscripts of the Journals, of the Council, and 

The printed Journals, of the Assembly 

These Several Acts, I think, will advance His Majes- 
tys Authority and the Welfare, of this Province, and 
therefore I humbly Ask your Grace's favourable repre- 
sentation, of them, for the Royal Approbation 

I would now humbly crave your Graces leave to 
Say, That I am informed, by one of the last Ships, 
from England, That your Grace had received some 
Letters, from hence, that had a Tendency, to beget in 
your Grace, some unfavourable Thoughts, of my Ad- 
ministration, of the Kings Government, in this Prov- 

I esteem it, My Lord Duke, my honour, and happi- 
ness, to be placed at the head, of One of the Kings 
Provinces in America, and so am naturally fall under 
your Graces more especial Care, and direction, As One 
of His Majestys principal Secretaries, of State. 

I am told, May It please your Grace, that my Not 
joining with Six, of His Majestys Council, of this 
Province, in a Representation, they made, to the King, 
in December last, respecting the long Standing Affair-, 
of the Rioters, in this Province had given your Grace, 
to think, I had been wanting, in my duty to His 
Majesty — To clear this Matter up, to your Grace, I 
would humbly beg leave, to Say 

That your Grace is Sensible the Constitution of the 
Government, of this Province, is founded, in a Gover- 
nour. Council, and Assembly; and this by the Kings 
Commission; and it was, doubtless, always intended, 


Each Branch, of the Government, might, and ought, 
to act in all Things, relating to the Kings honour, and 
Interest, and the Welfare of his people. According to 
their best Sentiments, with freedom, and without 
Restraint, and if they Act with Integrity ( Altho' they 
Should Sometimes happen to Mistake in judgment) 
yet, My Lord Duke, It is humbly hoped, they should 
be heard, before any Opinion, or Censure, be found 
Against them; What these Six Gentlemen wrote, was 
not as the Kings Council, For no Sitting of Council, 
was Subsisting, When they transacted, 'What they 
Sent to your Gi-ace, yet when they Applyed to Me, I 
told them, when tliey had drawn up their Matters, and 
Laid them before Me, I would make the best Judg- 
ment, I could, on them, and Act Either jointly, with 
them, Or Separately, by My Self, as I Should judge 
best, but this proposal they did not Seem to be pleased 
w^ith. And the true reasons Why I did not Act jointly, 
with them, in the Matter were 

That I thought it more for the Kings honour. That 
His Majesty's Governour Should Act his part, by him- 
self, than in Conjunction, with Any Other part, of the 
Legislature, and much less to join with Such, who at 
the time could Act onely As priv^ate Persons 

Another Reason, why I did not write your Grace, 
When those Gentlemen did. Was, that I thought it 
best, to trye Another Assembly, hoping they might 
fall into a better way of thinking, and So prevent my 
giving your Grace any Trouble in the Affair. 

I Accordingly dissolved that Assembly, and C'alled a 
New One and ordered a Session, purely on this Matter, 
and which held five weeks, to no good purpose. As 
your Grace will find, by the Journals, of the Assem- 
bly, Sent to your Grace, in April last. Which with 
what I then wrote, I hope, will Set Me quite right, in 
your Graces just and honourable Opinion; From my 
Fiist Arrival here, to this time, I have, my Lord Duke, 


done all in my power, for Suppressing the Tumults, 
and Disorders, I found this Province In when I came 
to the Government, and had So been for many years 

Nor could any of my predecessors, Stop, or Quell the 
Spirit & proceedings, of these Audacious Villains; I 
would therefore humbly referr your Grace, to what I 
wrote on this head, in April last, and now renew my 
request, to your Grace, for the Kings Especial Orders, 
for my future Conduct, in this difficult Affair; and 
which I shall dutifully pursue, as far As may be in my 
power. And till this Matter is Over I don't expect, the 
Assembly will do anything for His Majestys Interest, 
or honour, or the Safety, and Welfare, of this People, 
There is no Money in the public Treasury, Nor will the 
Assembly grant any Money, in such manner. As the 
Council can comply with, for the Support of the Gov- 
ernment, that the Kings Officers, and all others, who 
have demands on the Government, are very unjustly 

I am Sorry, May it please your Grace, That I find 
by my last Letters, I have Occasion, to Say Some- 
thing, in vindication of my own Character, distinct 
from the Affair, of which I have wi'ote So Particularly 

I would then humbly represent to your Grace, That 
I was 11 Years, Governour of two of the Kings Prov- 
inces, in New England from whence, I was removed, 
thr«') y'' unparralled Lying, and Libelling, of my Ene- 
mies, and yet I defye the worst of them, to tax Me 
(and Support it) with the least unfaithfullness, in the 
Kings Service, or of want, of Loyalty, and Duty, to 
His Majesty, and to His Royal House; for of this I 
gave early proofs, in two Tours I made to Hannover, 
to pay my Duty, to the present Royal Family, Above 
forty years Agoe, and was then, the only english 
American, that had been, at the Court, of Hannover: 

I ask your Graces pardon, for the length, of this 


Letter, to which I have been led, by the nature, of Its 
Subject, For I will always incleavour, to do justice to 
my own Character, which is as dear to Me, as my Life 
& I am, with all possible regard, and duty 

May it please your Grace Your Graces 
Most devoted Most Obedient and Most Humble Serv' 

J. Belcher 

Letter from Govertior Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
desiring directions as to the management of the 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jtrsey, Vol. VI, G 33.J 

Burlington N. J. June 27, 1749 

May it please your Lordships 

My Last were 21: and 22: April, and at large, Dupli- 
cates whereof, go herewith, and Since those, I have 
not the honour, of any from your Lordships: 

I now confirm all I then wrote you, more especially 
respecting the long subsisting Affair, of the Rioters, in 
this Province, in which, I pray your Lordships, to let 
Me, be furnisht, with the Kings especial Directions, 
which I shall carry into Execution to the LTtmost, of My 

There is at Present, My Lords a great Crye of Injus- 
tice in the Province, There being no Money, in the 
]3ublick Treasury, for payment of the Kings Officers, 
or Any Others, that have demands, on the Govern- 
ment, and the Assembly refuse, to raise Any Money, 
but in Such a Manner, As the Council think, they 
Ought not to give into; and indeed. My Lords, I have 
but Slender hopes, of the Assemblys doing Any thing, 
for the Kings Service, or for the good, of the People, 


'till the Tumults and disorders, in many parts of the 
Province, are w^ell brought to an End] 

I am indeavouring to get an Account, of the Exports, 
and Imports, of the Province, for 20: years past, which 
w^hen done, shall be Sent your Lordships, in the best 
Manner I can, come at it. 

I have now the honour, to ti^ansmit to your Lord- 
ships What was transacted, by the general Assembly, 
in their last Session, held at this place) from 20: Feb- 
ruary to 28: March, Viz* 

The Several Acts, of the Legislature, each of them 
Separate, under the Seal, of the Province 
Transcripts of the journals, of the Council — And 
The printed journals, of the Assembly — 
As the reasons for passing, the Acts I now send 
your Lordships are so Apparent, in the preambles, to 
the Several Acts, I have no Observations to make upon 
them, Onely that As I think, they have a Tendency, 
to promote the Kings honour, and Interest, and the 
Welfare of His People; I hope, they will have your 
Lordship's favour, towards their Obtaining the Royal 
Sanction : I have the honour to be with great Respect — 
My Lords Your Lordships 
Most Obedient and Most Humble Servant 

J Belcher 

Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Ale.ran- 
der — about his proceedings in London. 

LFrom the Original Letter among Mr. Alexander's Papers, Vol. Ill, No. 20, in the 

Rutherfurd Collection, compared with a copy among the Papers of Mi . 

Paris in the Library of the New Jersey Historical Society. I 

Surry Street, London 4, July 1749. 
Sir [Extracts.] 

* * * * * On the 8*." & 9*?' of June last I Rec^' 
the Publick & Private L're from Yo!" Self & M'' Chief 
Justice Morris, of the 24V" of April last, & the Papers 


which accompanyed them - * "■■ "'• * Since the 
laying those papers before [the Lords of Trade] I have 
ahiiost daily attended them, & my L'' Halifax, first 
Cora!" of the Board of Trade, takes the Matter quite to 
heart, & has soUicited all the great Ministers of State 
(who are extraordinary Members of that Board) to give 
a solemn Meeting on this Occasion, at the Board of 
Trade, in Order, by a joint Deliberation, to make a 
solemn Report on this affair, which wo? after being so 
settled, go, afterwards, of Course & be carried into 
Execution. " "•• * * * I am daily, in Expecta- 
tion, it will be held; If the Great Men do, much longer, 
delay to meet, My L" Halifax says, the Delay in a 
Matter of this Importance, shall never lay at his door, 
nor at the Door of the Board of Trade, for that they 
will make their own Rep- to the Privy Co-', & acquit 
themselves, of their own Duty whe"; other People will 
do so, or not * * * * v:- j ^.^^^ acquaint You, 
being so told at the Publick Board, Openly, by the 
Head of the Board himself that the Lords of Trade 
think very honourably of the Members of the Co'' for 
the Parts they have acted, as well in supporting the 
King's Authority, as in calling upon the Gov!' to repre- 
sent this Matter to the King & his Ministers, & allso 
in representing the same, on their Part, to the Crown 
& its Officers. They have * * * * * denounced 
the utmost Wrath ag'-' the Gov'' on that Head, as 
taking his Silence for a Sufficient Guilt in itself, & as 
a Proof that his Inclinations were in Favour of these 
Disturbances The Board has publickly declared, that 
they see thr<') the Artifices of the Rioters, in endeavour- 
ing to palm upon the World that a private Dispute, 
between them, on the One Side, & Yo' Self & M!" Chief 
Justice on the other, was the Ground of the present 
Disorders, & have expressly told me, that they very 
much approve of the Reply, w'ch You & M!" Ch: Jus- 
tice made to Riotei-s Pi'oposal & Your Conduct on the 


Occasion. ***** I see You will believe YoF 
GovF, & you hope for the best, & I see (& know, as 
well as One Man can, from Experience, know the 
Heart of Another) that he has deceived You, & that 
he will continue to deceive You, as long as You leave 
it in his Power so to do [Mr. Paris then informs Mr. 
Alexander of the receipt by the Lords of Trade of a 
letter from Governor Belcher stating ' ' that the Dis- 
turbances in Jersey were grown too great for him to 
quell & praying their Assistance & Directions," and 
then proceeds.] It's my Opinion that M- Partridge, 
some time ago, discovered the Anger that was con- 
ceived at the Board of Trade ag"^ his Bro- for his Neg- 
lect of Writing, & sent him Word thereof, by every 
Oppoi'tunity of Writing to the Continent, & that some 
One of such Letters got to him, in an early Way, & 
occasion'd this bold performance, which the Board of 
Trade declare, is very farr from being a Satisfactory 
one to them. * * * * * 

Yo' most Obed*^ h'ble Serv' 
Ferd John Paris 

Letter from, the Lords of Trade to Mathew Lamb, 
Esq. — desiring him to reconsider an Act of New 
Jersey obliging Sheriffs to give security, etc. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. XV, p. lft;3.] 

To Mathew Lamb Esq'" 

July. 18. 1749. 


My Lords Commiss? for Trade and Plantations 
having had under their Consideration nineteen Acts 
pass'd in the Province of New Jersey in January 
174Y-8, upon which you made your Eeport on the 23:* 


of January last; I am directed by their Lordships to 
send you the inclosed Act which appears to be of an 
unusual & extraoi'dinary Nature, viz* 

An Act to oblige the several Sheriffs in this Colony 
of New Jersey to give Security, and take the Oaths or 
Affirmation therein directed for the due Discharge of 
their Offices, and to prevent their too long Continu- 
ance therein. 

and to desire you will reconsider the same, and to 
report your Opinion thereupon, with all convenient 

I am. Sir, Your most humble Serv' 

Tho? Hill 

Letter from Ferdincmd John Paris to James Alexan- 
der — about Division Line bettveen New York and 
New Jersey. 

[From Original Draft among the Papers of Mr. Paris in N. J. Hist. Soc. Library, 

Bundle H, and the letter itself, among the Papers of Robert 

Himter Morris, Vol. I. No. 39.] 

James Alexander Esq-' 

Surry Street London 19. July 1749 


* * ^ * " You put a Question, whe- the New 
Jersey Com'"' Acceptance of the New Jersey Com? & 
Joyning with y*" New York Com""^ who had a like Com" 
from New York, & executing Some of those Comis'ons, 
shall be obligatory & binding upon the proprietors of 
New Jersey, as to Such p'ts as were not executed? 
That Seems to me to be Stating the case(?) a little too 
tenderly & favourably to Our Selves. The Com'' 


alone, are not the Only p'sons that have accepted & 
acted in that Affair. One knows not how, in So 
uncom'on a Case, to Apply Any particular Rule to 
decide it by, but, Surely, One may venture to Say that 
there was more in it than merely the Com" Acceptance 
Of y'^ Com" & Joyning, Every man in the province of 
New Jersey consented to that Com?, for they by their 
Representatives in Legislature, Consented to y*" Act 
for issuing that Comi'son, Nay doubly Consented to 
the Measure, for there was a Second Act of Assembly 
to run the Division, at the Same time, between East & 
West Jersey; Again the Com"^ On each Side, were not 
issued meerly in consequence of the Act or Acts of 
Assembly, but by the additional Advice of Council of 
New Jersey, as to the Very Comis'on it Self, & so it is 
exprest in the body of the Comi'son. Moreover, it 
comes Out (now) that y"" New York Com'l^ & y*" New 
Jersey Com'" were both past in totidem verbis, & both 
of them declared expressly, that y*" furthest p't of New 
Jersey extended Only to the East Side of y'' River. So 
that I cannot think this is a point w'ch is to be Sup- 
ported wholly by the Com'.^ Acceptance, & part execu- 
tion of the New Jersey Com'f but that y" whole prov- 
ince have Effectually Accepted of & agreed to that 
point, considering the nature & cir'ces of the Case. 

Supposing y"" Lords of Trade should be in doubt of 
any Matter whatever when they come to hear y^ Act 
yet, it is without precedent, for them to send for y^ 
Judges, or to refer any point of Law to Any of y'^ 
Judges, or to any Counsellors, I am pretty certain, no 
such m're has been done, for above these 40 years past, 
Nor is it soon to be expected; & the Lords of Trade 
would be Surprised, if I should propose a matter So 
unknown & without example. 

I really think the Other point, whe-' Hudsons River 
is, or is not, granted to New Jersey? may have much 
y* Same Answer given to it. After y^ the New Jersey 


Com'.' ■"■ '■'• * * "'• issued by advice Of y'' Co" of 
that province & in p'suance of an Act of y'' whole 
Legislature of that province, & was issued in y'' same 
words with y' Com" from New York expressly 
declared that y'' East Side of Hudsons River is y*" fur- 
thest p't of New Jersey; For Surely, in the Com'on 
understanding of Mankind this must be lookt upon to 
be a i^oint agreed upon, not l)y y ' Com'* alone, but by 
y*' whole province. 

I observe youi- Anxiety that the North partic'on 
point, setled in 1719, should, by no means be broke in 
upon, directly or indirectly, And you may be sure I 
will endeavour to my utmost, to comply with what 
you So much desire, The rather, for that M' Charles 
(this very day) insisted that Nothing at all had been 
regularly done in consequence of the Com" in 1719; So 
that I find he is instructed to question that point here 
w'ch I shall insist can not, here, be inquired into, there 
being no Appeal made from what was there solemnly 
done by the in 1719 — 

The Lords of Ti-ade (at p'sent) See nothing extraor- 
dinary in (the ActO but by & by when Councill & 
Soll'.^ come to open the m're other * * * ^^ ^ j 
doubt they will then find m're very extraordinary. It 
is impossible (if our Adversarys have half An Eye in 
their heads) that ever this Act sho'^ be i-atified: A 
Commission, to fix the Boundary (tho' constantly used 
in other Cases, you are extremely averse to) And your 
proposal of referring the m're to Judges here or to 
three CounceUors is as little to be expected, as An 
Approb" of y*" Act is, So that I really know not what 
good end this m're can possibly come to, but we must 
trust to Chance — 

It is but this morning that I attended the Lords of 
Trade & the Agents for New York & New Jersey were 
sum'oned to attend & did also attend at y-' Same time. 
On the foremen!' Act. You Say this present Act must 


be pushed, for that no better, Or other, is to be ex- 
pected, and I am as ready, & as well instructed, as 
ever I shall be upon this Act & my Briefs are not Only 
drawn but copyed & the Maps also. So that I really & 
Sincerely prest for a day for hearing, for this day Se- 
night, & prest it as strongly as if I was Sure of Suc- 
cess: M' Charles urged every Argument for delay 
that he could invent & was drove Out of them, One by 
One at last he submitted "" * " * - I show'' the 
Lords that Supposing they heard the m're at y" time 
as I now proposed it would still necessarily be many 
months before his Ma*^-® Approb" could issue * * * 
all w'ch time the disord? must be put an end to, i ii New 
Jersey, Or the province would be absolutely lost or 
destroyed. However this pretence of Mr. Charles's & 
the present Season of y^ year, added together deter- 
mined the Board at last, to agree to postpone y^ Con- 
sid" of the Act until M' Charles might write by y'' Ship 
w'ch he owns is departing this week for New York & 
might receive An Answer thereto, but no longer. 

Altlio' I went with a most heavy heart to apply for 
the hearing (because I never went to any hearing 
under such Strong Self Convicc'on, in my whole 
life, yet I assure you, faithfully I laboured to bring y" 
Act on as truly as if I had liked the Cause. "" -^ * * 
It is a misfortune upon me, that I must push On A 
m're touching which I shall certainly, hereafter, suffer 
Some Eeproach from the Board, One way Or the other, 
Either for not Seeing that I was aiming at a thing 
w'ch could not be done. Or, if I did See it, then, for 
pressing the Board, to a m're w'ch I must know they 
could not, nor ought to do; but I must Support my 
Self, as well as I can under this great hardship (for, to 
do a thing w'ch may At this time of day either reflect 
on my com 'on capacity, or on my integrity, you will 
own is a hardship) because you press for some deter- 
minac'on herein, but I assure you was this a matter 


recomended to me by A person whom I had less regard 
for, no Pecuniary Reward whatsoever should drag me 
to it. — 

* * * V> Tf * W 

I remain, Sir 

Your most obed* h'ble Serv' 

Ferd John Paris 

Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alexan- 
der — Concerning the Riots. 

1 From the Original among the Papers of James Alexander, Vol. II, No. 2;^. in the 

Rutherfurd Collection, compared with a copy among the 

Paris Papers, Bundle X, No. 78. | 

James Alexander Esq^ 

Surry Street London lU July 1749 

Sir [Extracts.] 

Since the Time of Writing that former Letter ( vizt 
on the 11"' Instant) I rec'd the Favour of the Publick 
& private Letters, from yourself & M' Chief Justice 
-:t -:r -;:■ -;r ^ith the papers therewith enclosed They 
did not come to my Hands till 9. at Night, but Imedi- 
ately Sealed up, & forwarded, the Duplicates, to the 
Duke of Bedford, & to the Board of Trade, tliat they 
might serve as Memorials to them, who were to have 
a Grand Meeting, of all the Ministry, at the Board of 
Trade, on the next Evening (being the 12"' Instant) 
purely upon the Affair of the New Jersey Ryots, Ac- 
cordingly, that Meeting was had before T. in the Eve- 
ning, & lasted till One in the Morning. The Lords of 
Trade had drawn out a more circumstantial Detail of 
Facts, to lay before the Ministry consisting of 28 small 
Sheets of Paper, which was read over, at the Meeting. 


There were present, at the Meeting, the Lord Chan- 
cellor, the Dukes of Bedford & Newcastle, the Earl of 
Sandwich, & M!' Pelham, Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
besides my Lords Halifax & Dupplin, & the rest of the 
Ordinary Members, of the Board of Trade. After 
reading over that Paper, & others referred to, & great 
Debates I was called in, & examined, near an Hour, 
Every Person present having Something, or other, to 
ask of me, to which I gave the best Answers in my 
Power. The whole Drift of the Examination seemed 
to me, to be, to know what means (the most easy) 
might be effectual, to put an End to the Disturbances, 
& to restore Force to the Laws & Peace to the Prov- 
ince? I acquainted them, that I had rec'd Letters of a 
very late Date but the then last Night, from several of 
the Gentlemen, who wrote from their Knowledge of 
the Strength & Weakness of New York, & from the 
past Experience of 35 Years, that they imagined that 
reuniting Jersey to the York Governm* would, effec- 
tually, answer these Purposes; Upon my making that 
Declaration, the Lord Chancellor declared (it seemed 
to Slip from him) [why, then, the greatest Part of our 
Difficulty is removed] — After having heard me, the 
Lords askt me, whether I was Agent for the Province? 
I told them I was Agent for his Majesty's Councill & 
for the Councill of Proprietors, of Jersey; but that the 
Agent for the Governor & the Assembly, was M"' Part- 
ridge, who was waiting without, and one of the Board 
proposed that he sho^ be called in, but it was agreed 
that he sho!* not be called, nor was he at all called in. 
After I withdrew, the Five Grand Ministers retired, 
by themselves, without any Secretary or Clerk, into 
another Room & there held a Conference, the purport 
whereof I don't pretend to know a Sillable of. But at 
breaking up, they agreed to have another Meeting but 
have not, as yet, appointed the Day *****! 
had almost forgot to tell you that the Lords, at the 


abovementioned Meeting inquired of me what Evi- 
dence I had, that these Sort of Disturbances did spread 
into New York, Pensilvania, or any other Province^ 
I acquainted them that th("> my Letters mentioned 
Fears & Expectations, of that Sort, yet, that I was not, 
at present furnisht with any particular Evidence of 
that Sort, "'• * * * " As to giving then an Kc- 
count of the temporary Acquiescence of the Mob, in 
letting two Prisoners continue in the Goal of Newark, 
& one in the Goal of Perth Amboy, I thought that 
wholly needless, because, as you will observe the Mob 
know their own Strength, & also the Weakness of the 
Governm', & may return, a la Charge, Just when they 
Please. * ''" '^ * - I am not in the least Doubt 
but the Gov'.' has instructed the Agent to support the 
Cause of the Ryoters, by every private Means in his 
Power, Yet, I shall not form an Attack, personally, 
against the Gov'.', untill, by some Pid^lic Act, or some 
Letter of his he attacks the Councill, or some of them 
"*""** Its certain that the GoV is not come 
home, nor do I hear that his son is come. " * -^^ * 
As to M!" Penn, the Proprietors owe him great Obliga- 
tions, for the Pains he has taken, & the Interest he 
has used, relating to the Ryots: He having made that 
Affair, as if it was his own, &: gone round, Sev! Times, 
to every one of the Ministers upon the Occasion & it 
might be proper that the Gentlemen interested should 
acknowledge, & thank him for his Services. ^- * * 
The Lords of Trade look on the Gov'.^ passing the Par- 
don Bill, as a great Offence & seem to think that he 
ought to be instantaneously Sent for Home, for that 
Matter (done, if tliere were nothing else to be charged 
against him I am 

Sir Your most obed^ humble Serv^ 

Ferd John Paris. 


Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alexan- 
der — relating to the action of the Lords of Trade 
in connection with the Riots. 

[From the Orig;inal among the Papers of James Alexander, Vol. II, No. 24, in the 

Rutherfurd Collection, compared with a copy among the Papers of Mr. 

Paris in the Library of the N. J. Hist. Society, Bundle X, No. 78.] 

James Alexander Esq- 
Surrey Street, London 21. July 1749 


I have been, this Day, summoned, again to the Board 
of Trade, & have attended them, & been interrogated, 
strongly whether the Council, & Persons who com- 
plain, will be satisfyed at being annext to the York 
Government, & whether that is thought, by these 
Persons, to be a proper, & adequate Eelief ? To which, 
by your Orders, I have strongly adhered, & the Lords 
of Trade are working up a Preparatory Report, in 
Order to that Measure; The pardoning Treason, The 
presuming to enact that there should be a Stay of Pro- 
ceedings in the Kings Suit ag- Traitors for the Crime 
of Treason, & the other extraordinary Acts enacted. 
The Lords told me, that my Lord Chancellor had 
declared to them, were so many Acts, not only beyond 
the Power of the Governor, Council & Assembly to 
pass, but also Acts of Treason, (in the Gov' Council & 
Assembly) to assume such Powers, & rob the Crown 
of its Prerogative, in Acts which were merely regal, & 
some of which, the very Act of Pardon itself expressly 
recited, that the Crown had excepted, & not granted 
Power to do. The Lords of Trade employed this whole 
Day in reading, out of their Books, the Account of 
Bacons Rebellion in Virginia, in 1675 & what was done 
tlien; they do not seem to resent the Council Joyning 

1740] AD-AfrXISTKATION OK (iOVKttXOlJ CKLrilER. 30.") 

in these Acts, at'oreiiient'' but they much reseut that 
the Gov'' should pass any such Acts, & they find, & 
told me of it, that Bacon, in his Rebellion, by actual 
Force, compelled Gov- Council & Assembly to pass an 
Act, to pardon the Treasons then committed, And, 
notwithstanding the compulsive Force exercised over 
all of them. Yet, the Kina; sent over Persons, with 
large Powers, to paidon, ^.t who really did pardon, the 
Gov'.' Council & Assembly, the Treason of passing that 
Act, tlio under Force. This is a Matter material 
enough for a Postscript to my Letter of Yesterdays 
Date, And I remain 

Sir Your most (ibed' h'ble Serv^ 

Feed John Paris 

M' Partridge was Yesterday in the Coffee house 
wdien my Packets of Yesterdays date was put in the 
Bag of the Nebuchadnezzar; Wherefore, if You don't 
receive them, pray give me imediate Notice 

Report of the Attorney General and Solicitor General 
iipoi) certain Acts jmssed in Neir Jersey in 1747-8. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI. G 37. 1 

Report of the Attorney and oollicitor Gen' upon 
5. Acts passed in New Jersey in 1747:8. . . . 
dated the 2P-V)f July 1749. 

To the Right Hon'ble the Lords Commissioners 

foi' Trade and Plantations 

May it ])lease your Luidships 

In pursuance of Your Loi'dships direction Signified 
to Ls by Ml' HiU, in his Letter of the !7^" of July 1749, 
witli the live herein after Mentioned Acts passed in 


the Province of New Jersey in February 174T-S, de- 
sidng Our Opinion thereupon as Soon as We Conve- 
niently Can. Viz' 

An Act for NaturaHzing Peter Landerbouch, Cath- 
erine, Ehzabeth & Barbara, his three Daughters. 

An Act for Punishing the Coiners & Counterfeiters 
of Foreign Coin passing Current And the Counterfeit- 
ers of Bills of Credit of this Province. 

An Act for Avoiding Actions of Slander And for 
Stay of proceedings Until the first day of October 
1748, in other Civil Actions against the late Eioters. 

An Act for the Suppressing & Preventing of Eiots, 
Tumults, & other disorders within this Colony. 

All Act to Pardon the Persons Guilty of the Insur- 
rections, Riots & Disorders Raised and Committed in 
this Province 

M'.' Hill is further Directed by Your Lordships to 
Acquaint Us, that the first of these Acts appears to be 
of an Unusual Nature, and that You do not find that 
Acts of this Sort have at any time been passed in His 
Majestys Colonies in America. 

That the four last Mentioned Acts were passed on 
Occasion of Great Riots and Disorders having been 
committed in that Province, and which now are arose 
to such a height as to claim tbe Serious Attention of 
His Majesty's Ministers, who have had one Meeting 
thereupon, and are to meet again in a few Days; Your 
Lordships therefore desire that You may be favoured 
with Our Opinion with all possible Dispatch the Prov- 
ince being in the Utmost Confusion 

As to the Act for Punishing C^oiners &c We don't 
See Any Objection to that part which concerns the 
Coiners of Foreign Coin made cui-rant by Lawfull 
Authority but the Extending the Penalty to Coiners 
of Foreign Coin that is or shall be by Common consent 
Usually passed & taken Or received as full Satisfac- 
tion for Debts, Appears to Us very improper, botli on 


Account of the Great Uncertainty of the Description 
on which a Capital Pnnishni* is to depend, and the 
too great Credit that is given to what is called com- 
mon consent, not founded on the Act of His Majesty 
or of the General Assembly. 

As to the Act for Naturalization of Landerbouch, 
&c^' Since Your Lordships have been pleased to Ac- 
quaint Us by M! Hills Letter, that You do not find 
any Acts of this Soi't have at any time been past in 
His Majesty's Colonys in America, and there appears 
nothing Special in this Case, We can not think it 
Advisable to begin the Precedent now, & in this 

As to the Act of i*ardon to the Persons Guilty of 
the late Insuri'ections; which by the x\ct itself Appears 
to have been thought to amount to High Treason in 
some of the Party s; it is a matter that must rest 
Entirely in His Majesty's, Royal Breast, weighing all 
the Circumstances & Consequences that may be fore- 
seen or Ap]3rehended. 

['But it appears to Us Very Extraordinary that in a 
Matter of so great Moment in Which the Peace of the 
whole Province has been disturbed, and the Conduct 
of the Rioters Seem to have been no less than a Rebel- 
lion, and the only Alleviation so much as insinuated 
as to any of the Criminals, is their being Artfully mis- 
led, a Pardon of all should be Granted, without Except- 
ing even those who misled the Rest, or leaving any 
One to the Justice of the Law besides those who have 
been Actually Indicted of Treason, & their Tryal Sus- 

As to the Act for Avoiding Actions of Slander, and 
for Stay of Proceedings in Other Civil Actions. We do 
not know Enough of the Ground of those Actions of 
Slander, to form any Judgement upon that part of it, 

' Desisiiate<l in tlie iiiariiiii by | |. — Kd. 


much less to See how that is so Connected with the 
late Insurrections as to make those any Reason for 
such a Suspension. 

With regard to the Other part of the Act relating to 
the Stay of Other Civil Actions against the late Riot- 
ers, We do not See Upon what Reason it can be 
founded, that His Majesty's Subjects who have been 
so Grosly Injured in their Property, shou'd be delayed 
in the Recovery of that Satisfaction which the Law 
gives them 

As to tlie Act for Suppressing Riots &c^ It appears to 
Us to have a Tendency not to Suppress but Encourage 
Riots, as it inflicts a much less Punishment than what 
the Law at present does; the Penalty of £10, and their 
own Security in One hundred pound for Good beha- 
viour for three Years, being by no Means adequate to 
the Crime. 

All which is humbly Submitted to Your Lordships 


D Ryder 

W: Murray 

2r/ July 1749 

Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alexan- 
der — relative to the granting of pardons to those 
accused of treason. 

IFrom On'fcinal Draft among: the Papers of Mr. Paris in N. J. llist. Soc. Librarj", 
Bundle X. No. 78. | 

James Alexander Esq'' 

Surry street London 24 July 1749 

Sir [Extracts.] 

Altho y' Board of Trade think it was Treason in the 
Ctov' Co" & Assembly of New Jersey to pass y' pardon 
in Feb. 1747, & a Stay of y' Kings Laws & Indict- 


iiients for & that y'' like had been lield, 

heretofore in y" Case of y*" Act past in Virginia to par- 
don Nat Bacon Jun^ in June 1676, Yet, upon Confer- 
ence vv"' y" Att' & Soli' (to whom that Act of New- 
Jersey, & others have lately been referred) they think 
very differently; & I shall, before I have done, shew 
the Lords of Trade that it was not Treason /ti /je Co" 
of New Jersey (as for the Assembly Let their own 
Agent take Care of them) For y'' Co" did no more than 
simply once read and Accept, the Act of pardon. Sent 
down by y' Gov'.' & did not So much as join in enact- 
ing (as appears by y' Co" Minutes, w'cli you Sent me) 
wherefore such parts of y*" Act as enacted a Stay of 
p'ceeding on Indictm' for Treason were not so much as 
passt into a Law, nor even enacted, by the Active 
Voice of the CbV It was cjthenvise, in the Assembly, 
However, if the Lords of Trade sho'' still think it 
Treason, in the (tovJ' Co" & Assembly to pass y'* Act 
of pardon, they do not mean to make use of it ag' y''- 
CoJ' & I shall Submit to them, whe' the pardon, as to 
y' Assembly, may not be dealt out Sparingly, As the 
Memb'^ come into a more dutiful & proper behaviour; 
So that this Accident may be made good use of to 
bring refractory i)'sons to a Sense, tt a performance 
also, of their Duty. I have been at great pain to gett 
Att Some i^rinted Acco' of Bacon's Rebellion on 5 Jane 
HJTti, & after. It is shortly men' in the Virginia State 
book, I have Sent around to the Virginia Merch^^ & to 
the famous Booksellers, but can neither hear of, or 
get Any sucli book * •■- •■• ••- •■ The Att^ & Sol! 
Gen"' tell me they have advised the Crown to put a 
neyatire, on y"" Act of pardons & on 3 others relating 
to that m're past in Jan'' or Feb' 1 747. I am in daily 
expect" of ano' Grand Meeting of the Ministry on the 
Ryots, & in the Measures to be p'sued relating to the 
Same, And in the mean time I remain Sir 

Your most obed' h'ble Serv' 

Ferd. Jous Paris 

310 a])Mi:n'istj{Atiox or (iovEuxoK belciiek. 11740 

Letter from Ferdinand Jolt n Paris to James Alexan- 
der — conveying suggestions for remedijing the 
difficulties in the Province. 

I From Original Draft amouK the Papers of i\[r. Paris in the N. J. His. 800. Lilirarv, 
Bundle X, No. 78.] 

James Alexander Esq'' 

Surry Street London 26 July 1749 


In addition to mine Of the 24"' Instant by this Ves- 
sel, I am to Acquaint you that I learn that my Lord 
Chan'- (who had been the Gov'" Patron) has agreed that 
Ought to be removed; Also that The Board of Trade 
have this day agreed upon a Rej)' of Facts to be made 
by them together with their first Maxim & principle 
that peace & good Order cannot be restored to New 
Jersey, nor y'' K' authoiity supported there till who- 
ever has the Gov'rnm* there, is made, in some meas- 
ure, independent of the people, that is to Say, has 
Some app'tm' from home! And p'posing Sev! aterna- 
tive Schemes, One of w'ch to be chosen by the Minis- 
try, for setting m'res to right: as first, A New Gov' to 
be Sent from home, with a Salary & a considerable 
Force also, to be Sent from home, 2'"-' A new Gov'" & 
a Salary from home, & to take Sucli force as may be 
got, at New York, or elsewhere, in y'' neighborhood, & 
3'"^' the Reconveying y"" Gov'nm* of Jersey to that of 
York; w'ch last they imagine may be y'' Scheme that 
may be p'sued. Here they meet with diffi- 
culty, as M' Clinton (& M' Shirley also) are coming- 
home, & no new Gov' yet fixt for New York, & they 
dread the Consequences of a delay w'ch I also acquaint 
them, from your L're, may px'ove dangerous. They 


are thinking also what p'ticular powers are to be given 
to whoever shall be the Bearer of y*" Kings Order, what 
])ardons to bo issued by Such p'sons, how many to be 
excepted in nuniher (as they dont know the Name of 
Any principals to be excepted, Save Amos Roberts) 
what methods to be taken to bring in Offenders, & to 
punish them, &c; For all which they find precedents, 
in the Orig' i)ages, rem*" in their Office relating to 
Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia, in 1(>7(>, This Affair 
grows very heavy & expensive, & engrosses my whole 
time & attention, I must therefore pray you to make 
Suitable Remittances, & remain Sir 

Your most obed' humble Serv!' 
Ferd. John Paris. 

Letter from the Lords of Trade to the Lord Citan- 
cellor — e) I cloning proposals with regard to the dis- 
tnrbauces iu New Jersey. 

IFn.m P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey Vol. XV. p. 181-1!):). 1 

To the Lord High Chancellor of G. B. 

Mu Lord, 

In pursuance of what was recommended to Us by 
your Lordship & tlie rest of His Majestys Ministei's on 
a late Meeting at this Board, We have attentively con- 
sidered the State of His Majesty's Province of New 
Jersey with respect to the Riots and Disorders which 
have arisen therein, and having obtained all possible 
hiformation I'elative to that Matter, We submit the 
inclosed Proposals to your Lordship's Judgment, 
desiring that youi- Lordshi]) would be pleased to 
acquaint Us with your Opinion as well as that of His 
Majesty's other Ministers, who were present when this 
Affair was under Consideration, 


The Reason of Our troubling your Lordship and the 
other Lords with Copies of these Proposals, is, the 
Difficulty of fixing a second Meeting before the 
Adjournment of the several Offices. We are, 

My Lord, Your Lordships 
most Obedient and most humble Servants 

Dunk Halifax 
J. Pitt 
Whitehal ] - J. Grenville 

July 28. 1740. ) DUPPLIN 


Peoposals with regard to the Disturbances in 
His Majesty's Province of New Jersey. 

All Accounts from New Jersey concur in represent- 
ing that Province to be in a State of entire Disobedi- 
ence to all Authority of Government and Law, 
attended with Circumstances which manifest a dispo- 
sition to Revolt from their Dependence upon the Crowu 
of Great Britain. 

The Rise, or at least the Progress and Continuance 
of these Disorders, is principally to be ascribed to the 
Weakness of the Government in this Province, arising 
from the unfortunate Circumstances under wiiich 
every Governor there must labour in the discharge of 
his Duty, being confi.ned to the Alternative of either 
complying with every popular Measure for impairing 
the Authority of the Crown, or of being deprived of 
such a reasonable Provision, as is not only necessary 
to the Support of the Dignity of His Office, but even 
to His own Subsistence. 

It seems therefore necessary to establish as a funda- 
mental Principle that as long as the Governor is so 
absolutely dependant upon the Assembly, as he is at 
present. Order and good Governm' cannot be re-estab- 
lish'd in this Province. 


This being premised, sev^eral Methods liave occurr'd 
for the iniinediate extinguishing these Disturbances. 

p.' The most effectual Method seems to be the send- 
ing from hence a sufficient Mihtary Force under the 
Direction of a Commander to l)e appointed for that 
Service. But if the Situation of tlie Province be not 
thought to require so strong a Remedy as tliis is, if it 
be objected that the Expence of it would at this time 
be too Bnrthensome, or if it be apprehended that might 
give such an Alarm as might be attended with very 
disagreeable Consequences, 

2. The four Companies at New York may be sent 
under the Command of a Person authorized by a 
special Commission for that purpose, or under the 
Command of a proper Governor of New Jersey, who 
shall be enabled to exert the Autliority of the Cro^\^l, 
and act freely and independently, liy having a compe- 
tent Salary settled upon him at home. 

But if difficulties should attend the settling such a 
Salary upon the Gov'' of New Jersey, or if it be thought 
that the weight of his Power and Authority, even tho' 
he should have such a Salary as may be judged an 
adequate Support for him, will not be so efficacious or 
so permanent as that of the Gov^ernor of New York, 
where four Companies are constantly established: In 
such Case, 

3. The Government of New Jersey may be reunited 
to the Government of New York, the respective Legis- 
latures continuing distinct as they were before 1738, 
and Orders sent to the said Governor to go to New 
Jersey with the four CV^mpanies, or such a part of 
them as he shall judge to be sufficient for the reducing 
these rebellious Rioters to Obedience. 

This last is the Remedy pointed out by a Committee 
of His Majesty's Council of New Jersey, in a Letter 
dated the 5*!' of June 1741), in the following words, 
"While we were writing the above, there came this 


" day to hand yours of March 24'." concerning 

" the Jersey Eiots; As We have wrote to you fully, by 
"this Vessel, on that Head we think of httle to add;" 
" We believe the re-uniting New Jersey and New 
" York under the same Governor, as they were from 
' ' 1703 to 1 738, will be the most easy and effectual 
"way to preserve the Peace of New Jersey, as the 
" Cxovernor of New York has four Companies of 
"Soldiers at his Command; And, had he been also 
"Governor of New Jersey, he could have nipt the 
' ' rioting in the Budd, by protecting the Goal & bring- 
' ' ing some of the Eioters to Justice. 

It has been further represented by the Agent that 
the Gentlemen of the Council are the chief Proprie- 
tors, & consequently the greatest Sufferers by the Con- 
fusion and Disorder in which this Province is now 
involved, that they likewise have Property in, and are 
well acquainted with the Province of New York, and 
that therefore it is reasonable to conclude that they 
would not propose a Eemedy in itself ineffectual, or 
which might be prejudicial to the Peace and Welfare 
of the Provine of New York. 

As no Resources can be expected from the Province, 
considering the Temper of the Assembly, and the Dis- 
positions of the People, the three Methods above men- 
tion'd are all that have occurred for the immediate 
Suppression of these Disorders. And it must be added 
that whatever Plan shall be approved, the Person who 
shall be intrusted with the Execution thereof, must be 
arm'd with proper Powers & Instructions for using 
Force, if necessary; for granting Pardon and Indem- 
nity to such of the Offenders as shall surrender them- 
selves within a limitted time (such Pardon to contain 
proper Exceptions and Conditions) for bringing to 
Justice those who shall continue obstinate in Rebel- 
li ni, & for restoring Vigour to the Laws; and in gen- 
eral he should be invested with all such Powers and 

174!)] ADMIXISTKATION OF (40VERX0U liEl.CIIEl!. 315 

Instructions as may be necessary for resettling tlie 
Govt and re-establishing good Order and Tran(]uility 
in the Province. 

For these Purposes many usefull Precedents have 
been found in Our Books, which ai)pear to have been 
formxi upon a great Occasion of a like Nature and 
ui)on much Deliberation in Council, a short Abstract 
whereof is hereunto annex'd. 

In 1675, a Rebellion broke out in Virginia, headed 
by Nathaniel Bacon one of the Council there, who 
under Pretence of carrying on a War against the 
Indians, got together a considerable arm'd Force 
juarch'd them to James City, the Capital of the Prov- 
ince, the Council & Assembly then sitting, and forced 
the Governor 8!' Will r- Berkeley to give him a Com- 
mission to be General of all the Forces in the Colony: 
which he had no sooner ol)tain'd than he tuined his 
Arms against the Government. Notice of this having 
been sent to England, a Regiment was sent thither 
under the Command of one CoP Jeffrys, who being 
also ap]:»ointed Lieutenant Governor of the Province, 
in the room of S'" William Berkeley, who was recallVl, 
had particular Powers & Instructions for suppressing 
the Rebellion and restoring the Peace of the Province; 
Commissioners were likewise appointed to enquire into 
the Grievances of the People, and make their Repoi't 
to His Majesty, and a Pardon pass'd under the Great 
Seal to the Governor, Council and Assembly, for 
having given the aforenientionVl C/ommission to 
Bacon, and also for having i)ass'd an Act of Pardon ^Sz 
Indemnity to the Rebels; There was also a Commis- 
sion to the Governor impowering him to pardon all 
Offenders under certain Conditions, except Bacon, for 
the apprehending of whom a Proclamation was pub- 
lish't, with a Reward of £P)00; Particular Instructions 
were likewise given to the Deputy Govl and to the 
Commissi for the better Suppressing the Rebellion, 


and restoring the Peace of the Colony, and Letters 
wrote to the neighbouring Provinces to apprehend the 
Rebels, if any of them should take Shelter therein. 

[A like Letter with Copies of the foregoing Paper 
was sent to, 

W Hon^^*^ Ml- Pelham, r' U Com' Treary 
Duke of Newcastle ) 
Duke of Bedford j ^^^^'^^^ ^^' ^^^*^ 
Earl of Sandwich . . . 1^' L^' of Adnilty.] 

Petition, of the West Jerset/ Society to the Lords of 
Trade— pray i7ig relief from the riots and disturh- 
ances in New Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G 30.] 

To the Right Honourable the Lords Commis- 
sioners for Trade and Plantations — 

The humble Petition of the President, and Com- 
mittee of the Yfest New Jersey Society, on 
behalf of themselves, and the rest of the 
Members of the said Society 


That his late Majesty King Charles the second, was 
graciously pleased, to Grant the Province of New Jer- 
sey in America, to his Royal Highness James Duke of 
York, who conveyed the same to the then Lord Berke- 
ley and others, and they afterwards made divers Grants 
thereout to sundry Persons; And by virtue of several 
Conveyances, made under his said late Majesty's 
Grant, The said West New Jersey Society have ever 

1740] .\F)MliVISTRATIO.\ OK (40VKRN()K H F,I,( 11 KK. 31? 

since the year Year 1692 — been intitled to twenty Pro- 
])rieties in West Jersey, and two and an half Proprie- 
ties in East Jersey, and thereby became ]iossessed of 
several large Tracts of Land in New Jersey aforesaid, 
both in the East and West Divisions thereof, and have 
from time to time, at gi'eat Costs and Charges, made 
very considerable Improvements, and settled great 
numbers of Inhabitants thereon — 

That dnring the late War, several turbulent wicked 
and ill designing Persons in the said Province, taking- 
advantage of the troubles this Nation was then 
involved in both at home and abroad, infused int(^ the 
minds of a great many of the low^er sort of People in 
the said Province, a riotous and disorderly Spirit, 
tending to possess themselves by violence, of the 
Estates of others, without right or Act of Law; And 
great numbers of them, in a tumultuous, riotous and 
unlawfull manner, have for these several Years past, 
possessed themselves of the Estates of divers Persons 
claiming under the said Royal Grant, and by open 
force maintained their illegal possessions, and withold 
the Estates froiu the true and LawfuU Owners and 
Proprietors, cutting down the Trees, and committing 
all manner of Waste and Spoil thereon, and when any 
of the said (.Offenders have been imprisoned by the 
Civil Magistrate; They have in great Bodies forced 
open his Majestys Goals, and rescued the Offenders 
from punishment, bidding defiance to Justice, and go 
armed in Multitudes to the terror of his Majestys well 
disposed Subjects in those Parts - 

Your Petitioners, as well as many otliers, being con 
siderable Sufferers in their Estates and Properties in 
the said Province, by these rioters and rebellious pro- 
ceedings, and which are still carrying on there, with- 
out a Stop being ])ut thereto by those who are invested 
with the Powers of Government there, and whom 
your Petitioners hoped would have been able to have 


quelled the same have thought it their Duty to repre- 
seut these Matters that have so dangerous a tendency, 
to your Lordships — 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray, your Lord- 
ship would be pleased to take the confused, and disor- 
derly state of the said Province, where all Rule and 
Government seems to be at a stand, into your consid- 
eration. And that such Relief may be granted in the 
Premises as to Your Lordships in your great wisdom 
shall seem meet 

And your Petitioners shall ever pray &c. 
By Order of the Committee 

John Stephenson 

Power of Attorney from the Council of East Jersey 
Projyrietors to Robert Hunter Morris — anthoriz- 
iyi(j him to act for them in matters ret at in y to the 

[From P. R. 0. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G 37.] 

To all to whom these presents Shall come. The Gen- 
eral Pi'0]n'ietors, of the Eastern Division of New Jer- 
sey, in their Council, at Perth Amboy, mett. Send 
Greeting. Whereas The Honourable Robert Hunter 
Morris Esq!" Chief Justice of the Province of New 
Jersey, Is about to take a Voyage to Great Brittain : 
And whereas the Said General Proprietors are Sensi- 
ble of his great Knowledge & Experience In all affairs 
that Concern the Province of New Jersey, and the 
Eastern Division thereof, in Genei-al, and of the affairs 
of the Proprietors of the Eastern Division of New Jer- 
sey, in particular, and that, now, at this time. While 
Some points, of the greatest moment, in those affairs, 
are under The Consideration of his Majesty and Min- 
isters, his Assistance, in those Points, may be of Great 
Service and benehtt to New^ Jersey, in General, and to 


the Said Projniefcors, in particular; Wherefore, the 
Said General Proprietors, Reposing entire Confidence, 
in the Said Robert Hunter Morris, Have Constituted 
and appointed, and, by these presents, do Constitute 
and appoint Him, their Agent and Attorney, In all 
their affairs, now under the Consideration of his 
Majesty and Ministers, or that, hereafter. Shall l)e 
under their Consideration, during The Residence of 
the Said Robert Hunter Morris in Great Brittain; with 
full powei-, to him, to act and transact in those affairs, 
as fully as the Said General Pro])rietors Could do, were 
they present; with power Also, to him, to Employ 
Such, and So many. Counsel, Agents and Sollicitors, 
in the Affairs afforesaid, from time to time, as he Shall 
Judge fit and Reasonable; Hereby Requesting the 
foi-mer Agents, Factors, and Attorneys of the Said 
Proprietors, to C'Onform themselves, in all things, to 
his directions, in, oi' any way Concerning, The Said 
Affairs. In witness whereof, Andrew Johnston. Esq!', 
President of the Council of the Said Proprietors, Hath, 
by their Order, Hereunto Sett his hand and Seal, at 
Perth Aniboy, the nineteenth day of August, in the 
twenty third year of the Reign of, our Sovereign Lord, 
George, the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great 
Brittain, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the 
ffaith &c, Annoque Donjini One thousand and Seven 
hundred and forty Nine. 

And'.' Johnston ) 


Sealed and delivered, by order, Sc in the presence, of 
us, Proprietors, and Members of the Council of Pro- 

Ja* Alexander Sam'-'- Leonard 
Samuel Nevill John Burnet 
Lewis Johnston Elisha Parker 
Vv"n.LL4M Burnet Lewis M: Ashuikld 


Instructio7is from a Committee of the West Jersey 
Society to Henry Lane, Lewis Johnston and John 
Foye, appointed Agents of the Society. 

[From an Original among the Manuscripts of ^\ . A. Whitehead, Vol. I, No. Vil. | 

Messf Henry Lane Lewis Johnston & John 

London 16"' August 1749 

We the Committee of the West New Jersey Society' 
reposing Trust and Confidence in you have appointed 
you the aforesaid Henry Lane Lewis Johnston and 
John Foye, Agents Attorneys and Factors to the said 
Society to manage their Affairs and Interests in the 
Jerseys and other parts of America to the best advan- 

' The West New Jersey Society was organized in IG'JS, in wliich year Daniel C'oxe 
and his wife, Rebecca, granted to Jonathan Greenwood and Peter Giiyon, for the 
use and benefit of Sir Thomas Lane and forty-seven associates of London, all his 
right and title to lands in West Jersey, and by a separate conveyance on the same 
date made over to Lane and his associates " all and every such of the same powers 
jurisdictions authorities & Governm' as & that were granted or intended to be 
granted by the said Duke of Yorke to the said Edward Bylling as aforesaid, And by 
the Heires of the said Edward Bylling were granted to the said Daniel L'oxe his 
heires & assignes,'" Therefore all tran.>-actions affecting the lands or the govern- 
ment were executed thereafter in the name of the Society by its Agent or Agents, 
its title to any portion of New Jerse.y expiring with a final conveyance in June, 
181-4. The organization, however, has been continued to the present time, annual 
meetings being held regularly, and officers elected in London, the meetings being 
made occasions for feasting and hilarity. The perpetuation of the Society has been 
rendered necessary to dispose of funds amounting to several thousands of dollars, 
awaiting the decision of the Court of Chancery. " Many claimants have presented 
themselves, but the lapse of time since the organization of the Society, and the 
rigid inquiries made into titles and family connections, under the rules of the 
Court, disappoint a large majoritj' of those who covet the treasure." The Hon. 
John Clement, of the New Jersey Court t>i Errors, has written a very serviceable 
pamphlet, entitled "Notes and Memoranda relating to the West New Jersey 
Society," containing a full account o£ the association from its origin to the present 
time. For previous documents referring to the Society see Vol. II. pp. -11. 64. 73, 
etc.— Ed. 

lT-4-ti] AJ)_\rrxisTHATi<)N of (JOVRKXOR belchek. 321 

tage foj- the honoui- and profit of the said Society 
excepting only settHng Accounts with M' Haynes 
winch we will do our selves and not perplex you there- 
with and here inclosed We send you a Commission 
for that purpose under our hands and Seals and under 
the common Seal of the said Society not in the least 
doubting your care and diligence in retrieving our 
Affairs there. We send you here inclosed a Revoca- 
tion and discharge of all Powers and Authoritys here- 
tofore given our late Agents with a Copy thereof 
which Copy we desire you will deliver to M"" Joseph 
Haynes the aforesaid Copy of his Revocation with the 
inclosed order for him to deliver to you for the use of 
the Society with a Schedule thereof all Writings 
(Irants Deeds Bonds Maps Surveys Patents Convey- 
ances Leases Papers &c that are in his custody oi- 
power and which belong to the Society or are any 
ways relating to their Affairs And we desire you will 
get the Revocation executed by us Registied in the 
proper Offices in tlie Jerseys. As there may be occa- 
sion for some Money before you can procure any by 
Sale of any of our Lands We have desired M! Joseph 
Haynes to pay into the hands of M' Henry Lane for 
the use and on the account of the Society Two hun- 
dred Pounds New York Money which we hope he will 
comply withal he having more of the Societys Money 
in his hands and we hope he will give you all the light 
and insight into the Societys Affairs as he can. And 
for your care and trouble and to excite your diligence 
in our Affairs we have resolved to allow you Ten p- 
Cent. Commission for all Moneys you shall receive foi- 
all Lands or rights of Land you shall sell pursuant to 
our directions and for all Moneys you shall receive on 
account of Debts p' Bond &c, or citherwise. And We 
liave also resolved to allow you Five p' Cent C^onunis- 
sioii for all such Moneys as We shall receive here in 


London that you shall remitt or send to us for the 
Societys use either in Bills Gold Pieces of Eight or 
other Effects which is all the Commission that is to be 
allowed it being double of what we allow'd the former 
Agents; And therefore you must observe that this 
Commission with all the Charges and Expences you 
are at from time to time is to be deducted out of the 
Moneys you shall receive at New York or in the Jer- 
seys on the Societys account and for their use and not 
otherwise for we will not subject our private Estates 
or imbroil our Affairs with the Society's for which rea- 
son we give direction for payment of the Two hundred 
Pounds before mentioned to M"^ Lane and allow the 
Agents to keep so much Money in their hands as shall 
be necessary for defraying Charges and Expences; 
There is in M' Haynes's hands a Warrant obtain'd by 
M' Lewis Morris dated 29*-' March ITIT for taking up 
One hundred thousand Acres in West Jersey that is 
not located, Survey'd or appropriated to any person or 
persons whatsoever according to the Laws Rules and 
Customs that are in usage for that purpose in the 
Western Division among the General Proprietors 
thereof from which Warrant M' Lattouch and M' 
Haynes sold Ten thousand Acres to M' John Spratt of 
New York and granted the same to him by Deed dated 
1®.' May 1744 They also made a further Sale of Four 
thousand five hundred Acres from the said Warrant 
to M' Spratt & granted the same to him by Deed dated 
P^ June 1744 We do not know that any more of those 
untaken up Lands were sold by any of the Societys 
Agents so that there now remains due to the Society 
on said Warrant Eighty five thousand five hundred 
Acres of untaken up Lands, and we being inform'd 
that Lands in the Jerseys of late Years are consider- 
ably risen on account of the increase of the Inhabitants 
and that untaken up Lands are very Saleable because 


tlie Purchaser can have them much cheaper thau 
Lands Surveyed &c and are sure of a good Title and 
can lay them out and have them Surveyed or Appro- 
priated to the Society or any other persons whatsoever, 
wherefore We desire you will sell and dispose of so 
much of the said Warrant of untaken up Lands in any 
parcel or quantity that you can find Purchasers for 
not under Ten Pounds p' hundred Acres New York 
Money to be paid at the time of executing the Convey- 
ances the purchaser to be at the Charges of the Con- 
veyance &c and that you will cause said Sale to be 
published in both the Jerseys and in the New York 
Pensilvania and New England News Papers and in 
single Papers to be stuck up and disperst in those 
Pi'ovinces according to the form here inclosed markt 
A with such alterations and additions as you see neces- 
sary as to the Great Indian Tract of Land called the 
Hundred thousand Acres Tract taken up and Surveyed 
by (yol: Morris by consent of the Council of Proprie- 
tors and the Indian purchase paid and all things 
adjusted in as plain full and ample manner as possible 
could be and which Col: Morris wrote us would be of 
immense value We know not of any part thereof 
that has been sold or dispos'd of excepting Ten thou- 
sand Acres convey'd by M' Lattouch and Haynes the 
p.' June IT-il: to M' James Alexander and subsequent 
Agreements dated 1'' Nov!" 1T4I: and also except Three 
thousand one hundred Acres granted by Lease to M' 
William Allen at Sixty Pounds Sterling p' annum, but 
we were informed that l)y the neglect or connivance 
of Col: Morris several Familys were settled thereon 
and that other parts thereof have since been pretended 
to be Surveyed by Col: Cox and Kerpright and others 
to the Amount of about Ten thousand Acres and either 
occupied Sold or Leased out by them whereupon M' 
Lewis Morris Jun!' went over to the Great Ti-act about 


the year 1 735 in order to retake possession thereof and 
therefore did grant to several of these persons that had 
seated themselves on the Societys Land short Leases 
at an easy Rent. We do not know^ vs^hat has been 
done further therein nor what M' Alexander has taken 
possession of or what steps he had taken since his pur- 
chase to irritate the Country We hope you that live 
in the Jerseys will inform your selves fully thereof 
and of every particular concerning the same and also 
your advice what is proper to be done therein and that 
you will dispose of such part thereof as is unoccupied 
and free from any contest at Sixty Pounds or more p' 
hundred Acres New York Money but not under that 
price and not less than One thousand Acres at a time 
and to be located &c all together in one place and not 
in different parts. And to make those easy that are 
Settled on our Lands and to whom M' Lewis Morj'is 
gave Leases We agree you may grant to them the 
Freehold thereof on their paying you Forty Pounds or 
more p' hundred Acres, And for those that are settled 
on our Lands but refused to take a Lease from M' 
Morris Jun^ you may grant to them the Freehold 
thereof on their paying you Fifty Pounds p' hundred 
Acres New York Money clear of all Charges. And foi- 
those that were settled on said Tract or claim under 
( *ox or Kerpright or others on pretence of a Survey 
&c you may grant to them the Freehold thereof on 
their paying you Forty pounds p' hundred Acres clear 
of all charges We are in hopes that those people who 
have settled built upon and improved their Estates will 
think it a very easy rate to secure a legal Title of these 
Lands to themselves and their posterity with the Im- 
provements thereof those that will not accept of these 
reasonable terms we must consider of a proper method 
to prosecute some of each in order to maintain the 
Society's right and secure their property and therefore 


we desire that you will cause to be published in both 
the Jerseys and in the New^ York Pensilvania and New 
England News Papers and in single Papers to be stuck 
up and disperst in these Provinces according to the 
form of an Advertisement here inclosed markt B with 
such alterations and additions as you see proper We 
must inform you that Cap* Nath! Ware who lives in 
the Jerseys but now being in England applied to the 
Oiniimittee in relation to Two thousand three hundred 
Acres of Land in our great Tract tliat he purchased 
about four Years ago of M' Cox he sais it lies along 
the South branch of Rariton River in the Township of 
Lebanon and County of Hunterdon part of Five thou- 
sand Acres taken up by Col: Cox in the Year 1712 who 
lie sais went regularly through tlie Laws and Customs 
of the Country (which he did not make clear to us t 
and therefore as he alledges had a power of disposing 
thereof which we deny but on hearing that the Society 
laid a claim to the said Five thousand Acres he has 
offered us One hundred Pounds Sterling to release the 
Societys Right to said Two thousand three hundred 
Acres which we having considerVl of refused but left 
it him for Two hundred Pounds Sterling to be paid us 
here on which the Treaty broke off, if he makes appli- 
cation to you- he must pay Forty Pounds p' hundred 
Acres New York Money to you We find by our 
Papers that at the C*ouncil (jf proprietors the 9*'' Sep- 
tem':' 170s Mr Lewis Moriis was admitted to take u]» 
One hundred thousand Acres for the Society, :'><>"' Sej)- 
tein'' 17()!> and It;: Aug' 1711 Two Indian Purchases 
were made and that on 20^'' March 1717 M' Morris pro- 
(hiced to the Council a Return recorded of Ninety one 
thousand and eight hundred & ninety -five Acres Sur- 
veyed in the Month of June 1 71 1 which was allowVl 
and a new Warrant granted for eiglit thousand one 
hundred and five Acres to M' Alexander to be laid oat 


to make up said hundred thousand Acres as soon as 
the boundarys settled by M' Willocks were return'd 

The Act of Assembly, for recording Surveys in two 
Years was not made till the Year 1718 so that Act 
could not affect the Societys right to the said Ninety 
one thousand eight hundred and ninety five Acres 
taken up by Col: Morris 

We desire you will endeavour to dispose of what 
quantity you can of our Lands at Cape May at Twenty 
Pounds or more p' hundred Acres New York Money 
but not under that price and not less than One thou- 
sand Aci'es to be located &c all together and not in 
different parts and to be free of all charges of Convey- 
ances &c. We have receiv'd a Letter from M' Allen 
of Philadelphia complaining of the disturbances of the 
Rioters and depredations made on the Three thousand 
one hundred Acres of Land leased to him in the great 
Tract by M' Lattouch and Haynes we desire that on 
his Agent's apiDlication to you that you will give him 
all the Assistance you can — 

At the last Election the following persons were 
chosen to be the Committee for the ensuing Year Viz' 

M' John Childe President M' Joseph Mico 
M' Thomas Knapp Vice President Henry Muilman Esq' 

Thomas Lane Esq' M' Peter Hamond 

Stamp Brooksbank Esq'" M"^ William Ladds 

Thomas Skinner Esq' M' Henry Woodcock 

William Hamond Esq' M"^ Henry Greenaway 
Cap: Francis Minshull 

Inclosed we send you a printed paper of the Societys 
Constitution of the ■iV' April l()i>2. We desire that in 
case any more Dividends are directed to be made by 
the Council of Proprietors either in the Eastern or 
Western Province that you will take care the Society 
have their share 

As the Lease to M"^ Allen was made to M' Haynes 



We have desired him to Assign the same to M' Henry 
Lane in Trust for the benefit of the Society 
We are Your Affectionate Friends 

The Committee of the West New Jersey Society 



Vice President 





Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to John Pan- nail — 
enclosi}ig copy of letter from James Alexander 
a)id Robert Hnitter Morris relative to the break- 
ing open, of the Jail in Neivark. 

[From P. K. O. B. 'I'. New Jersey, Vol. VI, (4 3"i.| 

John Pownall Esq' 

Surry Street 11. Sept 1749 


I have been very ill for these tliree Weeks past, and 
unable to go abroad, otherwise, should not have, so 
long, been absent from Your Office, being extremely 
anxious to know what Methods are to bcf taken, in y'" 
New Jei'sey Affair!* I enclose You the Copy of a Let- 
ter, of the freshest Date, which I rece'd but an hour 
ago, wherein I am informed that the Rioters, failing 
in their Attempt to have two of their number try ed, by 
themselves (which had been a safe Game) went, ime- 
diately, according to Custom, & broke open the Goal, 
& set them free, so lately as the IS^*" of July. Misrule 
has, so long, taken Place there, &: to such an enor- 
mous Degree, that God only knows when, or how, the 
People are to be brought into Order, But I am. 
Sir, Your most obedient humble Serv* 

Ferd John Paris 

To M'- Paris 

New York July 22? 1749 


Herewith is a Copy of Ours of May 8U''' We hear 
that the Friends of the Rioters used some Endeavours, 
to get a Special Comm" of Oyer & Terminer and Gen- 
eral Goal Delivery, for Essex County, in Order to try 


the two Rioters, taken and in Goal, mentioned in the 
enclosed Letter; but, it seems, they failed in their 
Api^lication ; t'oi- the Reasons, in the Resolves of the 
Council of December 12'-' are too full against sucli a 
Step, for any of the Council to advise the granting of 
such Commission. 

As they have failed, in their Hopes of that C*om mis- 
sion, and consequently, of the Chance of being tryed 
by their Fellow Rioters and Relations, We hear that, 
on the 15'!' Instant, in the Dead Time of the Niglit, a 
Number of People, in Disguise, came to, and broke 
open, the Goal of Essex, at Newark, and rescued the 
two Prisoners there. By their coming in Disguise, it 
seems they they have got a little more Fear and 
Modesty, than they use'd to have. We think of 
nothing more on this Head, necessary. 
We are. Sir, 

Your most humble Servants 

Ja: Alexander 
Rob.' H: Morris 

Letter from Mattheiv Lamb to the Lords of Trade — in 
answer to their letter refatinf/ to acts obliijing 
Sheriffs in New Jersey to gire security. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. VI. (i 80. | 

To The Right Honourable The Lords Comniis- 
sioners for Trade & Plantations 

My Lords. 

In Pursuance of your Loi dsh''' Commands Signifyed 
to me by M' Hills Letter of the is"' July past I have 
Reconsidered An Act passed in New Jersey in -JauAiary 
1747 Entituled 

'An Act to Oblige the Severall Shei-iffs in this C-olony 
' of New Jersey to give Security and take the Oaths oi- 


' Affirmation therein Directed for the due Discharge of 
' their Offices And to prevent their too long Continu- 
' ance therein 

I find in ray Report made to your Lordshi'-Hhe 23? of 
January last that I made No Objection to this Act in 
Point of Law, As it appeared to me that Acts of the 
like Nature in Regard to Sheriffs have passed in Some 
of the Neighbouring Provinces, Which have been Con- 
firmed here, And it is upon the Plan of those Acts, 
that this Act Seems to have been framed 

As for the Reasons of this Act being passed w^ithin 
this Province, The Governour Who gave his Assent 
thereto I Suppose has Informed your Lordsh''* pursu- 
ant to his Instructions, And it Seems very proper he 
should have done so as by this Act the Limitting the 
time of the Continuance of a Sheriff in his Office, is in 
some respect Restreining the Power he Derives from 
the Crowne of Apj)ointing Sheriffs, Which before this 
Act passed was without Limittation;— And so was the 
Power of the Crown in England formerly, but by 
Severall Acts that have been passed here, the Legisla- 
ture have Limitted the time of a Sheriffs Serving in 
his Office. Therefore it appears to me, that as Some 
of the Neighbouring Provinces have found Reason to 
Passe Acts of this Nature which are Now Subsisting, 
And as the Legislature here have also found reason 
heretofore to Passe Acts Limitting the time of a 
Sheriffs Continuance in his Office, That there may 
have been Reasons to Induce the Legislature of this 
Province to do the Same, All which must be Sub- 
mitted to your Lordsh"-^ and from the Information you 
have Received how farr you think proper to Recomend 
the Confirming this Act 

& I am My Lords 
Your Lordsh^-' Most Obedient humble Servant 

Mat Lamb. 

Lincolnes Inne 30*?' September 1749. 


Letter from James Alexander and Robert H. Morris 
to Ferdinand John Paris — about reimitimj New 
Jersey to New York. 

I From Original among the Papers of Mr. Paris in tlie Library of the New Jersey 
Hist. Soc. Bundle X, No. 91.] 

[To Ferdinand John Paris Esq'] 

New York Sepr 23^' 1749 

Sir [Extracts.] 

Chief Justice Morris intends to take a voyage to 
England, in his Majesties Ship Hester,' which is to 
Sail about a month hence, and we Shoukl have delayed 
making any Answei', till lie went, But that, there are 
two vessels Bound for EDgiand, to-morrow or next 
day. By whom, we thought it absolutelij necessary 
to acquaint you, that we were Greatly Surprised, at a 
paragraph of yours of July 10 Concerning the Riots, 
Viz* that the Reuniting Jersey, to Neiv York Govern- 
ment, would be Effectual to put an End to tJie disturb- 
ances, and Restore force to the Laws, and peace to the 
Province of Jersey; and that this you offered to the 
Grand meeting of the Ministry, as with Authority 
from hence. 

We think you have greatly mistaken our Letters in 
that particular, which we Beg you would Revise - "■'' '"' 
We do assure you we were, and are, far from think- 
ing The Juncture of the Governments will be Sutificient 
to Restore Peace to New Jersey, Tho' it might do, to 
preserve it, wiien Restored by other means. We 
never took the Sentiments of the Rest of the Council 
upon this head, and what we wrote was only our own 
thoughts, We are Sorry that you possess'd, the Min- 

' He sailed in the " Carolina " from Newcastle, Delaware, on Oct. 39th, 1749.— Ed. 


istry with that opinion, and Beg you will fall upon 
Some measure to Sett them Right, as to that matter, 
in Such a manner as may be most agreeable to your- 
self: for, Sliould they Continue of that mind, and 
Carry it into Execution, we are fearfull it will nevei- 
answer the ends proposed. 

For as New York has but four hundred Standing- 
forces, and Those divided into a great many different 
Garrisons. Chiefly in Albany, and the County of 
Albany; upon The Frontiers, and at Oswego, (The 
nearest of which are 150 miles from New York, and 
(3swego about 450) there caimot without gi-eat diffi- 
culty, be a Single hundred of These got together, and 
Spared, to be Sent to New Jersey; which Number, 
could it be got and Spared, we are far from thinking- 
would be now Sufficient to Guard the Goals, and the 
Judges, while trying the Criminals; wherefore, not a 
Sufficient means for Eestoring; Whereas, were peace 
Restored, in New Jersey, that Number, or less, we 
think might be Sufficient, to preserve its peace; As is 
Said in the Letter before of Jan'y. 25"' - "- ^' -■ 
Sir Your most humble Servts 

Ja: Alexander. 
Rob' H Morris 

Message of (rovernor Belcher to the Legislature, Sep- 
tember 'I^th, 174!». 

IF-roiii the I'liuted Miiuites of the Ueneral Assembly amuufr tlie Papers of .lnm»s 
Alexander, Vol. II. No. 04. in Riitliei-riir 1 (olleL-tion. | 

Thursday September 28, 1749 
The House met 

Ordered that his Excellency's Speech be read, and it 
was read accordingly, and ordered a second reading 
and is as follows. 


(reiitleiiieii of f lie ('oknc/J, (ni(f of the (reneral Assembly 

Since our last Meeting, 1 received the Kings Royal 
Proclamation of a (leneral Peace, concluded by the 
blessing of God on his Majesty's Arms and Councils; 
upon which I heartily Congratulate you, hoping it will 
give His Majesty still greater weight among all the 
Princes of Europe: and that We at this distance from 
the throne, shall i-eaii happy Fruits and Advantages 
from it, under His Majesty's most auspicious and 
benign (lovei-nment. 

Gentlenieii of the ( reuern/ Asseiiihlji 

By your having Recourse to Journals of the late 
Assembly, and to those of your own, you will readily 
tind, how often 1 have urged what was and still is of 
the greatest Importance to the Peace of this Province, 
which is the doing your duty to the King and to his 
People, in Joyning with the other Branches of the 
Legislature, in such Measures as might be effectual 
for suppressing the great Numbers of seditious liotous 
Persons, who are endeavouring to overturn the King's 
(Tovernment; a fresh instance of which they have 
lately given in breaking open the Kings Jail in the 
Cbunty of Essiw, and delivering from thence two Per- 
sons (who stood there committed for High Treason) as 
you will see by the Papers I shall send you; and you 
know, I ordered the last Meeting of the Legislature 
purely to have your Aid and Assistance in this very 
difficult Affair: but instead thereof, you were deaf to 
all I could say, and which I a)u assui-'d has proved an 
Encouragement to this set of lawless People to persist 
in their Obstinacy and Wickedness 

But as I have, in Duty to the King, and in Tender- 
ness to this People, faithfully Represented to his 
Majesty the present deplorable State of this Province 
in this Regard, and am daily expecting the Kincjs 
especial Ordei-s a1)()ut it, I shall say nothing more, than 


that I heartily wish you may yet be Wise before it be 
too late, and thereby prevent your being answerable 
for the Consequences of your present Misconduct. 

I am really soj-ry. Gentlemen, to be obliged to press 
you to the necessary supply of the publick Treasury, 
which has been in a manner Empty for a long Time, 
to the Injury of all the Officers of the Government, 
who have loudly complained of so great an Injustice. 
As I have said formerly. Money may be properly called 
the Strength of Government; for how can the Laws 
be executed, or the Kings Subjects be protected in 
their Properties, while the Officers of Justice are 
wanting the Provision made by Law for the support 
of themselves and of their Families. 

Gentlemen of the Council, and of the General Asseml)ly 

As the Winter is approaching, and your Domestick 
Affairs may soon require your Care and Attendance, 
I wish you may have a good Agreement in what you 
may Judge necessary to be done at this Time, which 
will naturally shorten the Sessions; and you may 
always depend on my cheerful Concurrence, in every 
Thing that may promote his Majesty's Honour and 
Interest, and the happiness of this People. 

J. Belcher. 

Perth Amboy September 28, 1749. 


Proceedings of the Council of New Jersey — relative to 
Arrears due the family of the late Governor 

IFrorii P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. VI. (1. .50. | 

At a Council held at Perth Amboy October y *: 
5^^' 1749. 

His Excellency the Governor 
James Alexander Andrew Johnston 1 

Rob* H. Morris Peter Kemble r Esq';' 

James Hude Richard Salter J 

Tills Board having considered tlie Draft of the Mes- 
sage which His Excellency intended to send to the 
House of Assembly Communicated by His Excellency 
to this House yesterday, the same was approved of in 
the following Words. 

Gentlemen of the General Assembly: 

In April last I had the Honour of a Letter from the 
Right Honourable the Loids Commissioners for trade 
and Plantations in which is a paragrapJi respecting an 
Arrearage of the Salary due from this Province to the 
Late Governor Morris at the time of his Deatli; and on 
wliich Account his Executors have petitioned their 
Lordships and Copies of Said Paragraph and Petition 
I send you with this by M' Secretary — As tliis is a Debt 
justly due to the Heirs of the late Governor it is cer- 
tainly a Great hardship they should be so unreasonably 
kept out of it. I therefore hope after a proper Con- 
sideration of what I have laid before you, you will 
make effectual Provission for the Speedy Payment of 
it the doing whereof you may depend will Greatly 


recommend you to His Majesty's Grace and Favour 
which must be of the Greatest Service and advantage 
to this Province on all Occasions. And I recommend 
this affair to your most Serious Consideration as it is a 
Matter in which his Majesty's Government is essen- 
tially Concerned. 

Perth Aniboy Oct! 5"' 1 T4!». J. Belcher. 

After which His Excellency desired the Opinion of 
the Board whether they thought anything more was 
in his power to do at this time in Order to obtain the 
End proposed by the above Message. 

The Board were Unanimously of Opinion that tlie 
Sending the above Message to the House of Assembly 
is all that is at pi'esent Necessary for His Excellency 
to do — 

In answer to which the Assembly Sent the following- 


That M- Leaming, and M' Fisher do wait on His Ex- 
cellency and Acquaint him, in Aiiswer to his Message of 
the fifth Instant, that the house were in hopes all diff- 
erence between the late Governour Morris, and the 
Assemblies of New Jei'sey, might have been buried in 
perpetual Oblivion with the Death of that Gentleman, 
because his Memory must be precious to his Family, 
to whom they are unwilling to give Any uneasiness; 
and nothing short of the Publick Welfare could have 
Induced them to rake into the Ashes of the dead; but 
as they are obliged in duty to their Constituents and 
in discharge of the Trust reposed in them to dissent 
from what his Excellency has recommended in his 
Said Message, do therefore think it incumbent on them 
to remark on some part of the Said Late Governor's 
Conduct, from whence they Conceive such dissent 
both Just and Reasonable. 

The house avoiding to mention many things, that 


might be urged against the said late Governors Con- 
duct, have Contented themselves with only remarking 
to Your Excellency, that soon after the said late Gov- 
ernors Accession to the Government, he issued Writts 
for the Choice of a New Assembly, who in their first 
Session not only gave him a Salary of £1,000 per 
annum for three Years, and £60 Yearly for Hiring a 
house during the Said Term, but also a Present of £500, 
and altho' this Provision was much more than any of 
the Neighbouring Governments paid, in Proportion to 
their Abilities for Support of their Governors, and 
double the Sum that had been usually given to his 
Predecessors in this Colony. Yet at the Conclusion of 
that Session he made them a Speech and very unthank- 
fully told them, he only took that as an earnest of 
what he expected and Dissolved them. And to Com- 
pleat his unreasonable resentment against them, did, 
in direct Contradiction of a Law which himself had 
Signed that very day, forbid the Treasurers to pay 
them their Wages, altho' Justly Due, and for which 
they had obtained Certificates according to the Said 

That notwithstanding the Treatment the first Assem- 
bly met with, was hard and Severe, yet the Succeed- 
ing Assemblies did not retaliate it in it's kind, but on 
the Contrary, in Order to demonstrate their duty and 
firm Attachment to the best of Kings, and to Cultivate 
(if possible) a good agreement, with him the said Gov- 
ernor, continued the said Salary and house-rent from 
time to time until September 174-1:. 

That notwithstanding the Assembly's Endeavours 
for the good agreement above mentioned, in the year 
1740 During a long Session of above three Months in 
the busiest Season of the Year, the two liouses having 
passed a Number of Necessary Bills, Some whereof 
were very long; and in order to further Cultivate the 
said good agreement, the General Assembly sent Copies 


thereof to him for his perusal; but altho' he was not 
so kind as to point out any of their Defects to the house 
yet he obhged The Assembly to C^ontinue together 
until they were all Ee Engrossed with broad Margins, 
&c, in Order (as he said) for affixing the Great Seal 
thereunto, yet after all this unnecessary Trouble &- 
Expence and application of that Assembly to him, to 
put an end to that Session, he Ordered them to Adjourn 
themselves for a fortnight to no Purpose, and at their 
return, refused his Assent to many of the said Bills, 
So Re-Engrossed, which serves to Demonstrate the 
Disposition he had to Perplex the Affairs of the 
Colony — 

That in the Year 1742 after the Council and Assem- 
bly had Spent Six Weeks in preparing and passing 
eight good and Necessary Bills, he Signed the Bill for 
Support of Government, and laid all the rest aside; 
and with a long Speech filled with Invectives and 
Charges against the Assembly Disolved them, and all 
this without any reason for Such Treatment — 

That in lTi3 Committees of both houses were ap- 
pointed who met in a Free C^onference of which the 
Chief Justice and Second Judge of the Supreme Court 
were apart, and Settled and agreed upon a Bill for 
Establishing a Table of Fees, which afterwards passed 
both Houses, and to which His Excellency with all 
Seeming Freedom gave his Assent, yet to the great 
Surprize of the good People of this Colony, he soon 
after wrote home to the Lords Commissioners for 
Trade and Plantations, acquainting them, that the 
Fees as Established by that Bill, were so inconsidera- 
that no Persons of Character or Reputation would 
Care to Accept of Imployments in the Colony; The 
Consequence whereof proved to be a Repeal of the 
Said Bill, so that through his Means the Colony has 
remained to this day, without any Law for Taxing of 
Bills of Cost to the Grievous oppression of great num- 
bers of Poor People in this Colony. 


That ill the Year 1744, the Justices of the County of 
Hunterdon did proceed contrary to a known Law of 
this Province to Cliuse a Commissioner of the Loan 
Office for the Said County, in the room of Joseph Peace 
Esq' Deceased, which Illegal Proceedings being Com- 
plained of to the General Assembly, they took the 
Same into their Consideration, and thereupon Ad- 
dressed the Said late Governor for the removal of 
those Justices for their Male Administration, or to 
Order such other Prosecutions against them as he in 
his wisdom should See Meet, so that it might Effect- 
ually Deter others from acting so apparently Contrary 
to the Express letter of the Law : But altho' the Con- 
duct of the said Justices was not only Repugnant to a 
Law which had been Confirmed by his Majesty, but it 
also had a Direct Tendency to lessen the Credit of the 
Paper Money, then passing Current in this Colony, 
yet notwithstanding, the said Governor was so far 
from regarding this or the Assembly's Address, that 
he became an Advocate for the said justices Illegal 
proceedings, Seeming to be displeased with the Assem- 
bly for complaining of them, and in Gratification of 
his displeasure Continued the Justices and disolved the 
Assembly, and Some time after Called another, being 
the third he had met within less than ten Months, as 
ai)pears by their Journals — 

Thus did his Excellency exercise the Koyal powers 
with him Intrusted to the great detriment of the 
Colony, by his frequent Calling, Proroguing and dis- 
olving the Assemblies and often keeping them together 
Sitting for a long time to no manner of Puri)ose. 
Tlius was the Powers of Government abused, and that 
of the people being represented in General Assembly, 
which was designed by our most Gracious Sovereign 
to be the Means of Compleating the happiness of his 
Subjects in this Colony, and really is one of the Great 
est temporal Blessings that a Free People can enjoy on 


earth, was by the misuse of it become a very great 

That after his Excellency had detained the Assembly 
together at Araboy in the Year 1745 near two Months, ^ 
altho' he himself was very often a great distance from 
them Sometimes at Trenton and Sometimes at or near 
Brunswick, by which all Communication between him 
& them was So much Cut off that it was rendered 
almost Impracticable, except at times when he thought 
proper to Come to Amboy and Prorogue them for a 
few days, or otherwise Chastise them, and after all the 
reasonable Proposals that the Assembly could think 
of, were made, this Session finished without having 
it's desired Effect. 

That frequent and long Sittings, and no business of 
any Consequence being done, were then become so 
very Common and the Debts of the Colony thereby so 
highly Increased, that the Assembly easily foresaw the 
Necessities the Colony would Soon be reduced to with- 
out great Care. 

And his Majesty being at that time engaged in War, 
with France and Spain, and this Colony having Cheer- 
fully given Several thousand pounds in the West 
India and Cape Breton Expeditions, and reason to 
beheve they should Soon be called upon by his Majesty 
for further Assistance against his Enemies, & much 
talk of the French Sending a large Fleet to revenge 
upon these Colonies, the Indignity their Arms had 
Suffered in the loss of Cape Breton, and this being a 
defenceless Government, without any manner of For- 
tification and liable to be Attacked for near 30(3 Miles 
the Assembly would have been greatly wanting in 
their Duty to his Majesty, and his faithful Subjects in 
this Colony, if they had not endeavoured to keep the 
State of the Ti-easury in as good a Condition as Pos- 
And time has Sufficiently Verified that these imagi- 


nations wei'e but too well Grounded: For altho' kind 
Providence did not Permit the Fleet of our Aspiring 
Enemies to Attack us, yet this Colony were Called 
upon by his Majesty to Assist in the late intended 
Expedition against Canada, in which Expedition they 
have Actually expended above £20,000 Including 
what was lent the Crown for Arming and Cloathing 
the Forces Sent from hence. 

These reasons and many more being Sufficiently 
weighed, the Assembly Proposed to the Governor, in 
the Year 1746, that they would willingly Support the 
Government, by giving his Excellency £1,000 foi' two 
Years immediately out of the Treasury, and also 
£1,0()(> out of the first Interest Money which should 
Arise by the New bills for making £40,()00 Provided 
he would Sign the few Bills which were then Passed 
by both houses, ready for his Assent, as appears by 
their Message of May 7, 1740, and he at that time, was 
So far from having any objections to the Said Bills, 
that he i-eturned the following Answer— 

— "So now it Plainly appears, that when they might 
have all the Acts they pretended to desire, and were 
Seemingly so fond of, and the forty thousand pound 
bill Passed with a Suspending Clause, they refuse to 
have them upon the Terms they have hitherto asked 
them. I will (as I have Assured them) Pass the Bills 
they seem so fond of, on Condition they Join in Sup- 
porting the Government in as large and Ample a Man- 
ner as usual, and not otherwise. By this their Con- 
stituents may See, that they might have had the Forty 
thousand Pound they desired, if his Majesty would be 
please to approve of it." 

By which your Excellency may observe the Mistake 
of that Representation to the board of Trade, of the 
Salary's being withheld meeiiy on account of his 
Adherence to his Duty, & obedience to the Directions 
of that Board, and Plainly see, Tliat it was not any 


Objection he had to the £40,000 bill, that Actually 
being offered with a Suspending Clause, as all others 
of the kind offered by the Assembly of New Jersey to 
him had been, & which he said they might have had 
on the Terms there proposed. 

From whence your Excellency will Observe, that he 
refused to do the Duties of Government, except the 
Assembly would give him Such a Salary as he asked, 
and in his own Mode and way, which without resign- 
ing their Liberties they Could not do. 

That from the foregoing remarks, with his refusing 
to do the Duties of Government, the house Conceive 
their Dissent from what his Excellency has recom- 
mended with respect to the said late Governor Morris 
will appear both Just and reasonable; but to put the 
matter beyond Dispute, they beg leave further to 
Eemark, that altho' Governor Morris in his life time 
did, and his Executors now do insist upon the Pay- 
ment of what some are pleased to Term Arrears; Yet 
the house have his own opinion in a Similar Case to 
Justify their not allowing them. For during the time 
that Lord Cornbury was Governor of tiiis Colony, 
many Irregularities having Crept into the Administra- 
tion and the said Governor Morris being at that time 
one of the most leading Men in the house of Assembly, 
they thought Proper to withhold the said Lords Salary, 
for the two last Years of his being Governor; and not- 
withstanding great Endeavours were used to obtain it, 
yet the house do not find, that either he or his Execu- 
tors were ever allowed one Farthing. 

That the house hopes his Excellency will be Suffi- 
ciently Satisfied that nothing Can be reasonably 
demanded, on Account of the said late Governor 
Morris's Pretended Arrears, it being a Subject So 
universally disliked in this Colony, that there is none, 
except those who are immediately Concerned in point 
of Interest, or particularly Influenced by those who 
are, wiU Say one word in its Favour — 


That it is altogether unlikely any Assembly in this 
Colony will ever look upon that to be a Just Debt, or 
apply any Money for the discharge thereof and that 
they Cannot conceive the further recommendation of 
it will be of any Advantage to the Said Executors, 

Tuof Bartow Clk. 

At a Council held at Perth Amboy Octol)er 18^," 1749. 

James Alexander Peter Kemble i 
Edward Antill Thomas Leonard ■ Esq" 

Andrew Johnston Rich'' Salter ) 

His Excellency laid before the House a Message he 
had rec-' from the House of Assembly in Answei' to 
his application to them for the Arrearage of Salary 
due to the late Governor Morris and desired their 
advice wliether any thing more could be done by him 
with any ])robabihty of Success and the House Consid- 
ering the same are of Opinion that no further Applica- 
tion will be likely to have the desired Effect at this 

Letter from David Ogden to James Alea-aiider —rela- 
ting to the titles of the Rioters. 

LFroni Papers of Mr. Alexander. Vol. 11. No. Stl, in the Rutherfurd ('.)llectioii. I 

J ames Alexander Esq' at Perth Amboy 

Newark Ocf 14, 1749 


***** reflecting on the present measures 
taken in the unhappy Affairs of this province, it 
appears to me that it is the drift of the Rioters & their 
friends here and also of the Gentleman appearing for 
them in England, to represent, that the Rioters hold 


their Lands under an Indian in opposition to a pro- 
prietor Title And that in Defence of their Estates 
against the oppressive methods of the proprietors to 
deprive them thereof they Entred on & Committed 
those Riots— As no proof as I remember has been 
made to Show that but few of the Rioters hold lands 
under Indian Title but on the Contrary the Greater 
Number hold and possess their Lands by patent or 
Survey from the proprietors, I thought Evidence of 
that kind might be of Service to prove that the Rioters 
must have acted with other Views, which I have 
mentioned to the Chf Justice who approved thereof 
And desired me to send proof thereof to you, to the 
Barer Daniel Person a Justice of the peace of this place 
I have mentioned this affair (who may be trusted) who 
will as he Informs me declare as he is Liver in Newark 
and has been an Eye Witness to the two great Riots 
we have had here and having knowledge of the Riot- 
ers Living in & near this place and of their holding 
Lands — that dividing them into 5 parts I possess their 
^ Lands under proprietors Titles 5 have no pretentions 
of any right to Lands (who are the Chief destroyers 
of the Timber) the other 5*!' possess Lands under the 
Indian Claim and not more than ^ of that I first Set- 
tled the lands they possess on an Indian Title and the 
remaining f of s-' 3 within a few years past purchased 
the Indian Title to the lands they possess — * * * * 

if an Order of Council was made for his Examina- 
tion it would appear best, least he might be reflected 
on as appearing a Volunteer in the affair, as he is well 
acquainted with what passed at the Meeting of the 
Justices & freeholders and of the refusal of the Rioters 
to sign the petition to the Gov'.' I believe it is best he 
should be first Examined by the Council And am S' 

Your most hum!'' Serv* 

David Ogden 


Address of the House of Assembly of New Jersey to 
Governor Belcher — in cmsiver to his Message of 
September 2Sth, 1749, 

IKnjiii till' Priutfil Minutes anions James Alexander's Pai^ers, Vol. II, No. 61, in 
Rutherfurd Collection.] 

Saturday October 14, 1749 
The House met 

The engrossed Address to his Excellency was read 
and compared 

Ordered that M' Speaker Sign the same, which 
he did accordingly, having first declared his Dissent 

* * * ->r * * * * * 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher, Esq'", 
Captain General and Governor in Chief in 
and over his Majesty's Province of New 
Jersey, and Territories thereon depending 
in America, Chancellor and Vice- Admiral 
in the Same. 

The Humble Address of the Representatives 
of the Colony of New Jersey in General 
Assembly convened 

May it please your Excellency, 

We His Majesty's dutiful and loyal Subjects, the 
Representatives of the Colony of New Jersey, beg 
leave to return your Excellency our Thanks for your 
Congratulation upon the General Peace, concluded by 
the Blessing of God, on His Majesty's Councils and 
Arms; and, on Our Part We Congratulate your Excel- 
lency upon so happy au Event, lioping it will add 


Weight to His Majesty's Influence, among all the 
Princes of Europe and that We, at this remote Dis- 
tance from the Throne, shall reap,happy Fruits and 
Advantages from it under His Majesty's most aus- 
picious and benign Government. 

By having Recourse to the Journals of the late and 
present Assembly, We find, that in a Session at Bur- 
lingion, which commenced the 20^// August 17-1:7, soon 
after your Excellency's Arrival, and continued by 
adjournment until the ISth of February ensuing, in 
Consequence of what You recommended that Session, 
a Committee was appointed by the then House of 
Assembly who applyed to His Majesty's Council, 
desiring that they would also appoint a Committee to 
Joyn the Committee of the Assembly, to consider, in 
a free Conference, upon Ways and Means for suppress- 
ing the Riots and Disorders of the Colony; In Conse- 
quence thereof, a Committee of the Council was 
appointed to Joyn the Committee of the Assembly for 
that Purpose, that those Committees met, and from 
Time to Time duly Deliberated upon the Subject Mat- 
ter of the said Conference, until they agreed upon a 
Report to be made to their respective Houses touching 
the Premises, where the same was further considered; 
and in Consequence thereof, passed several Bills for 
suppressing of riotous Proceedings, which were 
Assented to by your Excellency; and You was pleased, 
at the same Time, to send down to both Houses, an 
Act, intituled An Act to pardon the Persons Guilty of 
the Insurrections, Riots and Disorders raised and 
C07nmitted iyi this Province, which was thankfully 
accepted by them. These were the Steps then taken 
for bringing those wild Confusions to an End, with 
which your Excellency concurred, and was pleased in 
your Speech, at the Close of that Session, to intimate 
your Satisfaction therewith 

That in a Session at Burlington, October 21, 1748, 


and ended at Perth Amboi/, December !(!, ensuing, 
your Excellency further recommended the C^onsidera- 
tion of the unhappy Scituation of the Colony, respect- 
ing the Rioters; to which the Assembly in Substance 
replyed, that the Laws then in being, in their Opinion, 
ought to be ])ut more fully in Execution; and if they 
then jn-oved insufficient, their particular Defects might 
be pointed out at the next Meeting of Assembly, that 
they might be able to do what might be further neces- 
sary to be done on that Occasion; at the same Time 
the Assembly said what might have been sufficient to 
discountenance the Madness of these audacious Riot- 
ers; Since then to this Time, no Defects in the Laws 
have been pointed out to the Assembly. 

That your Excellency in your Speech made to both 
Houses at Burlington in a Session which commenced 
February 20, 1748-9, recommended to Oui' Considera- 
tion what further Laws might be necessary foi* curb- 
ing the Insolence of these People; that in Pursuance 
of this, the Assembly took the Matter under Consid- 
eration and after spending some Weeks in deliberating 
on what might proper to be done on the Occasion, 
they concluded, that lenitive Measures might be most 
likely to prove Successful, not only as they frequently 
have a very prevalent Influence upon the Minds of 
Men, but also because two Petitions were then pre- 
ferred on behalf of those Rioters, the one to your 
Excellency, the other to the Assembly, setting forth in 
Substance, an Acknowledgement of their Misconduct, 
praying Forgiveness in the Same, and appearing incli- 
nable to return to the Duty; and by their Substitutes 
made sundry Proposals to James Ale.vander and 
Robert Hunter Morris Esq": their Antagonists, for 
coming to Tryal under the contested Lands, which had 
in great Measure occasioned those Disorders; and 
although these Gentlemen did not at that Time com- 
ply with these Proposals, yet it was hoped they would; 


Since which we find, by the Records of the Supreani 
Court, that Francis Spier one of the People in Posses- 
sion of the Lands claimed by the abovesaid Gentle- 
men, hath had an Attorney and Council appointed 
him by that Court in order for a legal Tryal; that in 
Consideration of what has been above advanced, the 
Assembly were induced to apply to your Excellency 
to know your Pleasure concerning extending His 
Majesty's gracious Pardon to those Rioters, so far 
forth as by his Royal Commission You were Impow- 
ered to do; to which You was pleased to reply, " that 
" You would do all in your Power to restore the Peace 
" of the Colony in Joyning with the other Branches of 
"the Legislature, in such Measures as they should 
"think proper for that Purpose," which kind Reply 
induced the House to appoint a Committee to Joyn 
a Committee of the Council, in a free Conference, 
upon that important Subject; and on the Assembly's 
Application to the Council, a Committee of the Coun- 
cil was also appointed; and these Committees met and 
entered upon the Subject of their Meeting, when the 
Committee of the Assembly found to their Surprise, 
the Committee of the Council were only impowered to 
receive Proposals from the Committee of the Assembly 
upon the said Subject; whereby the freedom of the 
Conference, was greatly obstructed, and predicted to 
them the Improbability of any Success from that Con- 
ference; However, that nothing might be wanting on 
the Part of the Committee of the Assembly to render 
the said Conference useful, they made a Proposal 
touching the Premises, which, in their Opinion, would 
contribute towards restoring the Peace of the Colony; 
which not being agreed to by the Committee of the 
Council, nor by their House, the said Conference did 
not produce the desired Effect. 

Having premised these Things, We cannot but be 
humbly of the Opinion that both the late and present 


Assembly have, with assiduity, discharged their Duty, 
in using what they Judged the most likely Ways and 
Means for the restoring the Peace and Quiet of the 
Colony; and that neither of these Assemblies can 
Justly be Chargeable with being deaf to what your 
Excellency has from Time to Time recommended on 
that Head. If these Assemblies have differed from 
your Excellency and Council in their Opinion touching 
the Measures necessary for restoring the Peace of the 
Colony, and have conducted themselves agreeably 
thereunto, this We presume don't indicate any Breach 
of Duty in them ; but, on the contrary, serves to dis- 
cover that they have acted by their own Judgment, 
which as a Branch of the Legislature they have a 
Eight to do without being accountable to the other 
Branches for the same; and if their Measures have 
been more Mild than what some Gentlemen would 
prescribe, these audacious Villains who disturb the 
l)ublick Peace ought not to take any Incouragement 
from thence to persevere in their destestable Practices ; 
l)ut, on the contrary, in Duty to the Kinc4, in Regard 
to good Government and the Welfare of the Colony, 
they ought to return to their Duty and become peace- 
able Subjects; and all those who can by their Persua- 
sions and Influence contribute towards this desirable 
End would do well to promote it, and this We shall 
each of Us use Our utmost Endeavours to advance and 
have some Reason to expect will be effected, 

We have lately received a Petition nearly in Sub- 
stance the same with one. We are informed, hath been 
presented to your Excellency and the Gentlemen of 
His Majesty's Council, from the two Persons men- 
tioned in your Excellency's Speech, to have been 
rescued from the King's Goal for the County of Essex, 
which Petition sets forth, that after repeated Applica- 
tion of the said Petitioners for a Tryal without Success, 
and their long Confinement being prejudicial to them 


and their Families, they the said Petitioners, were 
induced unadvisedly to depart the Goal by the com- 
miserating Aid of others: But on further Considera- 
tion they the said Petitionei's were convinced of the 
Illegality of their Proceedings, and thereupon have 
submitted themselves to their Confinement, praying 
the House to intercede with your Excellency for their 
immediate Tryal. That they have submitted to Con- 
finement appears confirmed by a Certificate under the 
Hand of John Style, Keeper of the Goal aforesaid. 

If your Excellency has represented to His Majesty 
the Measures taken by the late and present Assembly 
for bringing the Colony into a State of Tranquihty, as 
well As the present deplorable State thereof. We from 
thence conceive Our gracious Sovereign will not impute 
any Misconduct to either of these Assemblies; How- 
ever, as we are at present unacquainted with what 
your Excellency has Represented, as also what may 
have been Represented on this Head by the Gentle- 
men of His Majesty's Council, We depend on his 
Majesty's known Justice and Goodness to hear what 
the Assembly of New Jersey have to say in Defence of 
their Conduct before any Thing be determined thereon. 

Had the Gentlemen of His Majesty's Council as- 
sented to any one of three Bills the Assemblies in the 
several Sessions preceeding the present, for enahliuij 
the Legislature to settle the Quota's of the respective 
Counties in this Colony, sent them for Concurrence, 
the Treasury might have been supplyed before this 
Time; or if they would have given their Assent to a 
Bill for that Purpose sent them by this House for Con- 
currence a few Days past, We on Our part would have 
made further Provision for supplying the Treasury 
with all convenient Dispatch; and still are willing to 
do it as soon as we can have it done in an equitable 
Manner: But as they still refuse their assent to that 
necessary Bill, the Ofiicers of the Government must 


ascribe the Injustice done them, in being kept out of 
their Dues, to the Council, and not to the Assembly, 
wlio have heretofore, as at this Time, provided for 
their respective Salaries and Sums of Money due from 
the Colony. 

We acknowledge what your Excellency is pleased to 
say of a good Agreement amongst ourselves and its 
Tendency, and on Our Part shall Endeavour to pro- 
mote it, not only because the Winter Season is 
approaching and Our private Concerns will require 
Our Attendance, but because a Speedy Dispatch of the 
publick Business will Ease the heavy Burthen of Ex- 
pence that attends long Sittings; and We thank your 
Excellency for the Offer You make of your Concur- 
rence with what We shall Judge necessary to promote 
the Honour of His Majesty and the Welfare of His 
Loyal Subjects in this Colony committed to your Care 
By Order of the House 

(/cv^^vet^cA&tH^^^ Speaker 

Several of the Members being of the People called 
Quakers agree to the Matter and Substance of this 
Address with their usual Exception to the Stile. 

Petition of the House of fJie Representatives of New 
Jersey to the King — relative to the conditio)i of the 
Province,' October \dth. 174!t. 

[From Printed Minutes of the Assembly amont,' ihe Papers of James Alexander, 
Vol. II, No. 04, in Rutherfurd Collection.] 

To His most Sacred Majesty George the Sec- 
ond, over Great Britain, France and Ireland 
King, Defender of the Faith, &c. 


The Petition of the House of Eepresentatives 
of the Colony of New Jersey in General 
Assembly convened. 

Most humbly Sheiveth, 

That the Proprietors of the Eastern Division of this 
Colony from the first, Settlement thereof, have sur- 
veyed, patented, and divided their Lands by Conces- 
sions amongst themselves, in such Manner as from 
thence many Irregularities have ensued, which have 
occasioned Multitudes of Controversies and Law-Suits, 
about Titles and Boundaries of Lands. 

That the Inhabitants of this Colony have hitherto 
fully demonstrated their Principles of Duty and Legal- 
ity to the Government, as by the Laws of Great Brit- 
ain it is established in Your Illustrious House, by Sup- 
porting of Government to their best ability : granting 
Aid in Time of War, when required by any Intimations 
of the Royal Pleasure; and by a ready Submission to 
the Laws of the Land, excepting of late some impru- 
dent People have in a riotous Manner obstructed the 
Course of legal Proceedings brought against them by 
their Antagonists, touching some of those Controver- 
sies about Lands. 

That those Controversies have subsisted between a 
Number of poor People on the one Part, and some of 
the rich, understanding and powerful on the other 
Part, among whom hvq James Alexander, Esq; a great 
Proprietor, an eminent Lawyer, one of Your Majesty's 
Council and Surveyer General for this Colony, although 
a Dweller in New York; and Robert Hunter Morris, 
Esq; Ciiief- Justice and one of Your Majesty's Council 
in said Colony. 

That the said Alexander and Morris not yielding to 
determine the Matters in Contest by a few Trials at 
Law, as the Nature of the Thing would admit, but on 
the Contrary discovering a Disposition to harass those 


People by a Multiplicity of Suits, the last mentioned 
became uneasy (as We conceive) through fear of those 
Suits might be determined against them, when consid- 
ered that the said Chief -Justice Morris was the Son of 
the then late Governor Morris, by whose Commission 
the other Judges of the Supream Court Acted; and by 
whom the then Sheriffs throughout the Colony had 
been appointed. And should a Multiplicity of Suits 
have been determined against those People, instead of 
a few only, which would have answered the Purpose, 
the extraordinary and unnecessary Charges occasioned 
thereby, would so far have weakened their Hands as to 
render them unable to appeal to Your Majesty in 
Council, from whom they might expect impartial Jus- 

That these are, in the Opinion of the House, the 
Motives that prevailed on those unthinking People to 
obstruct the Course of those legal Proceedings, and not 
any Disaffection to Your Majesty's Person or Govern- 

That the said late Governor Morris, during his Ad- 
ministration, exercis'd the Royal Powers with him 
intrusted by Your Majesty, very detrimentally to the 
Welfare of this Your Majesty's Colony, as is more par- 
ticularly set forth in a Message to His Excellency our 
present Governor, a Copy of whicli we beg Your Maj- 
esty's Leave to suffer our Agent to lay before You: 
which with other Reasons induced the Assemblies 
towards the latter Part of his Administration to pro- 
pose providing for his Support, on Condition he would 
do the Duties of Government, which was the Reason 
he would not accept it, and therefore died without 
having any Salaiy for about Twenty months, during 
which Time he appeared highly incens'd against those 
Assemblies, and endeavoured by Insinuation to charge 
the Irregularities of those impudent People to a Want 
of Loyalty to Your Majesty. 


That since the said Governor's Decease, his Son the 
said Chief Justice has kept up his Father's Resentment 
against the late and present Assembly, for not making 
Provision for Payment of what he calls his Father's 
Arrears, and seems inclinable to improve any Thing 
he can to the Prejudice of those Assemblies; and 
because they have been disinterested in the private 
Contests about Lands and so have preserved a strict 
Indifference betw^een the contending Parties, without 
favouring his Interest, we understand, he and his 
Adherents have from thence taken Occasion to charge 
those Assembhes with abetting those disorderly Peo- 
ple, which We presume gave Rise to a Petition said to 
be transmitted to Your Majesty by the Council of Pro- 
prietors of the said Eastern Division of this Colony, 
of which We have a Copy wherein divers Facts are set 
forth that We don't admit to be true : And the prin- 
cipal Men of the said Council of Proprietors are like- 
wise the most leading Men in Your Majesty's Council 
here. We have some Reason to expect something of 
the like Nature, either hath already been, or will here- 
after be sent to your Majesty from them, to obviate 
which, as far as may concern the Conduct of the 
Assembhes, We further beg leave that Your Majesty 
will suffer our Agent to lay before You a Copy of 
what we have said to His Excellency our present Gov- 
ernor on that Head in our Address. 

That as an Argument of the Loyalty of those Assem- 
blies, we may with great Humility remark, that they 
have with a most cheerful Alacrity, granted upwards 
of 24,0001, to aid Your Majesty in the late War 
against the Powers of France and Spain, including a 
loan to Your Majesty for Arming and Clothing the 
Forces raised in this Colony, upon the late intended 
Expedition against Canada, in pursuance of Your 
Royal Pleasure signified by the Duke of Newcastle's 
Letter of April 9th, 1746. And by the Zeal of those 


Assemblies for the Success and Glory of Your Majes- 
ty's Arms, this poor Colony is greatly involved in 
Debt; and to relieve them therein, a Bill for striking 
40,0001, in Bills of Credit has been transmitted, with 
a suspending Clause, foi- Your Majesty's Assent which 
We humbly pray may obtain it, or otherwise this 
Colony will be in a most distressed Condition. 

That as a further Instance of the Assemblies Loyalty, 
they have within less than two Years, passed four 
several bills at different Sessions, for enabling the 
Legislature to settle the Quota of each respective 
County in this Colony, as a preparatory Step for levy- 
ing Provincial Taxes for Supply of the Treasury, to the 
End Government may be Supported in an Honourable 
Manner, and the Debts of the Colony discharged, with 
all convenient Dispatch. But so it is. May it please 
Your Majesty, that the Council have hitherto amended 
those Bills in such Manner that the House could by no 
Means agree to, under pretence that some Part of them 
is repugnant to one of Your Majesty's Instructions, 
which We understand in a different Light, and do find 
the Part objected against by them conformable to a 
former Law of this Colony, consistent with the said 
Instruction, and agreeable to Justice and Ecpiity, so 
that these Gentlemen's repeated Dissent to tliat Bill, 
seems to discover some sinister Views in them, they 
being possessed of large Tracts of ])r()fitable Lands 
wiiicli by the said Bills, as passed by the Assemblies, 
would have been liable to be taken an Account of in 
order to be hereafter Taxed. 

That as the preceding Assemblies of New Jersey, 
have hitherto Demonstrated their firm Attachment to 
Your Majesty's Person and Government, so We, as by 
Duty and Interest We are obliged, shall always con- 
tinue to do the same, humbly Beseeching Your Maj- 
esty will be graciously pleased to continue to Your 
loyal Subjects of this Colony, Your Royal Countenance 


in such Manner as You in Your Wisdom shall see 

And We Your Majesty's Petitioners as in Duty Bound 
shall ever pray, &c. 

By order of the House 

Samuel Nevill, Speaker. 

Several of the Members of the House, bein^- of the 
People called Quakers agree to the Matter and Sub- 
stance of this Petition with their usual Exception to 
the Stile. 

Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
CIS to the Proceedings of the Legislature. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G. 48.] 

P. Amboy October 24,''} 1749, 

May It Please your Lordships 

The 27'!' of June last, I had the honour, of writing 
your Lordships Since which I have had no Letter from 
your Lordships. 

I have, May It please your Lordships, been here 
About three weeks. Attending A Session, of the As- 
sembly, of this Province; in which not A Single Bill 
has been past, by the Legislature, But the whole Ses- 
sion, was Spent, in dispute and Contention, between 
the Council, and Assembly; I have directed the Secre- 
tary, to prepare the Journals, of this Session, That I 
may have the honor, to transmit them, to your Lord- 
ships, as Soon as possible; The State of this Province, 
My Lords, as to the Pioters, Is much. As When I last 
had the honour, of writing your Lordships; or rather 
worse; nor do I expect, to See things better till I may 
recieve the honour, of His Majestys especial orders, 


respecting the Eioters, which I am daily expecting, 
and have therefore prorogued this Assembly, to Meet 
Me Again, the 3u'." of Next Month 

I remain, w'l' great Respect My Lords 

Your Lordships Most Obedient 
& Most Humble Serv^ 

J Belcher 

[Enclosed in the foregoing letter.] 

Perth Amboy October 20*|^ 1749 

In Obedience to your Excellencys request. We have 
Examined the State of the Papei" Currency which We 
find to be as Follows — which is Submitted to Your 
consideration by 

Your Excellency's 

Most obedient & most humble Servants 
AndY Johnston, Tr' ' 
Cha Read Secr^ 

The tliii'teenth day of August One thousand seven 
hundred and thirty three, An Act passed the Legisla- 
ture here for making forty thousand pounds in Bills 
of Credit with a Clause Suspending the effect of it till 
his Majesty's Pleasure was known. 

May the fourth One thousand Seven hundred & 
thirty live the King gave his Royal Assent to the same. 

March the twenty fifth One thousand seven hundred 
and thirty seven the Bills were issued, being in Value 
at about one hundred & Seventy pounds for one hun- 
dred pounds Sterling of which Value they are at this 
time and with respect to New York C\irrency are of 
something more value now, than at that time. 

' Speaker.— Ed. 


The bills issued by Virtue of this Act were let out 
on Land Security of double the value in plantations & 
treble the Value in houses and Lotts, & were to be 
paid in again in equal Proportions in Sixteen years 
with five Per Cent Per Annum Interest the first eight 
years of their Currency the parts of the principal paid 
in each year were let out again and the last eight 
Years an eighth part of the whole Money was annu- 
ally to be Sunk and destroyed; in pursuance of which 
twelve annual Payments have been made by the bor- 
rowers & four eighth Parts of the whole Sum is Sunk 
So that their remains of the said forty thousand 
pounds now Current twenty thousand Pounds, the 
Interest was to be applied to the Support of the Gov- 

In the said Act was a Clause for Printing ten thou- 
sand Pounds more of Bills of Credit which were to be 
applied to exchange such Bills of Credit Current as 
should from time to time be so worn and ragged to be 
unfit to Pass. 

On the Expedition to the West Indies a Law Passed 
in the year One thousand Seven hundred & forty for 
issuing out of those Bills Printed for exchanging ragged 
Bills for Victualing the Forces sent from hence on tliat 
Expedition & to be repaid out of the Interest Money 
arising from the Loans of Bills of Credit the Sum of 
two thousand pounds. 

The twenty eighth of June One thousand seven hun- 
dred & forty Six, By An Act passed for raising Forces 
for the intended expedition against Canada, Tj-ans- 
porting & Victualling them for four Months there was 
made Current out of the said bills designed for 
exchanging ragged bills the further Sum of four thou- 
sand pounds, which was to be replaced in a time & 
manner therein perfixed and together with the before 
mentioned two thousand Pounds still remains Current 

The twenty eighth of June One thousand seven hun- 


dred and forty six, Another Act Passed for making 
ten thousand Founds in Bills of Credit for arming and 
Cloatliing tlie Said Forces which was to be Exchanged 
with tlie Money reimburs'd by his Majesty (according 
to his Grace the Duke of New Castle's letter) and if 
that would not be Sufficient then out of Intei-est Money 
of the Bills of Credit or by such ways & Means as the 
Governor Council & Assembly Should Frovide, most 
Fart of this was issued in the Service aforesaid & 
remains Current, Also by this Act was directed to be 
Frinted Six thousand Pounds in bills of C^redit to 
Exchange ragged & torn bills as there should be Occa- 

November the first One thousand Seven hundred 
and forty Six An Act was passed for issuing of the 
bills of Credit kist mentioned printed for exchanging 
ragged bills for further Victualling Forces Eight hun- 
dred & fifty Founds which was to be replaced out of 
the Interest Monev arising from the Loans of the Bills 
of Credit. 

May the eighth one thousand Seven hundred and 
forty Seven Another Act was passed for issuing more 
of said bills for the purpose last mentioned the Sum of 
One thousand Pounds to be replaced as the last Sum. 

So tliat there remains Current in this Colony nearly 
the sum of tliirty Seven thousand eiglit hundred and 
fifty pounds 

Of which remains as a debt upon the Province 
Seventeen thousand eight hundred and fifty pounds 
only it is not doubted but that his Majesty will reim- 
burse, the Province, what was expended l)y his direc- 
tion also remains a debt, tlie first mentioned two thou- 
sand pounds boi'rowed & Continued Current to Supply 
the Forces besieging Louisbourgh and l)orrowed again 
on the intended Expedition against Canada wliicli is 
four Thousand pounds, in all twenty one Thousand 
eight hundred and Fifty pounds. 


The Interest Money has not been Sufficient to pay 
tlie Salaries of the Officers of the Government and the 
Expences of the Sessions of Assembly & other neces- 
sary and Contingent charges of the Government in 
whicli is a large deficiency, but tlie reason of replacing 
so many Sums out of Interest was in expectation of 
his Majesty's approbation of Another Act for making 
Forty thousand pounds. 

Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to James Alexan- 
der — in ansiver to his stating the difficulties that 
ivould attend the junction of the Provinces of 
New York and Neiv Jersey. 

[From the Original Draft among the Papers of Mr. Paris in the Library of the N. J. 

Hist. Society. 1 

James Alexander Esq"^ 

Surry Street London 10. Nov- 1749 

Sir [Extract.] 

I am greatly concerned, at what you write in the 
Joynt L're from yo"^ Self & Mr Ch: Justice, of y"^ 23!' of 
Sep* * * * * * that I have mistaken yo' L'tres, 
as to the relief that would be effectual. Affairs may 
have varyed in y" province, or there may now, be rea- 
sons to desire that y' Two Governm*.' sho^' not be united 
but indeed, I did apprehend, from y' L'res, that what 
I proposed would have been effectual, & far more 
effectual than any paper Inst'tions to have been Sent 
over to the present Govl" who would have softened 
these Instru's & made them as innocent, as white 
bread & milk, by that time he had had the enforcing 
of them. I now enclose you the paragraphs of Sev" 


L'res from you w'ch led me to think & act in y'' way I 
did, & upon my Word, from these L'res I should have 
fell into just y" same Way of thinking, Again, had 
not yo"" Letter of 23. Sept. tokl me otherwise, I thought 
then it was in the point, that of the two last (those of 
4 & 5 June) I gave Copys to my Lord Dupplin. As to 
yo' having consulted the rest of the Co'.' upon such a 
proposic'on, that I am quite unacquainted with. I 
rec'd my Ord" only from yo' selves, & not from any 
others of the C^ouncill, hut am heartily vexed that you 
sho'' think I had mistaken them : However, one thing 
comforts me that M'' Ch: Just: may in all probability 
arrive here, instructed from y*" whole Co'.' & time 
enough to make any further Representa" that may be 
necessary, upon the new State of m'res, before our 
great Men will have fixed upon any p'ticular Scheme 
to be p'ssed: for our ParUamf meets next Thursday, 
& our Ministers, a y' beginning of a Session, seem to 
me, to have their heads so full of m'res hear at home, 
as not to be at lib'ty to consider those troublesome 
Affairs w'ch tarry e at so great a distance. 

I shall every day look for M' Ch : Justices arrival. 
And remain Sir Your most obed^ h'ble Serv^ 

Ferd. John Paris. 

Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trncle — 
about Proceedings of the Assembly. 

1 1- rom P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. VI, 40. | 

Burlington, N. J., November 27, 174ii 

May It Please Your Lordships 

The last Letter, I had the honour, to receive from 
your Lordships, bore date. The 20"' of November Last, 
the rec- of which, I owned to your Lordships, 21 : April 


following; That Letter of your Lordships, noted the 
rec* of my Letters, to 20: of June 1748— Since that, I 
find I have wrote your Lordships, under the following 
dates. — 

October 18: 1748 

November 12: ] Last past, all wf I hope have had, 
April 21: j and will have the honour to kiss your 

22: [Lordships hands; — and when your 
June 27: I Lordships leisure, may Allow I shall 

& October 28: J be proud, of the favour of your Lord- 
ships Answers: — 

I am now to Acquaint your Lordships, That after a 
Short Session, of Assembly, of this Province. I take 
the first Opportunity to transmit to your Lordships 

Transcript, of the journals, of the Council & 

The printed Journals, of the Assembly; in the said 
Session And by these, your Lordships will, see no one 
Single bill, was Agread to by the Council, and Assem- 
bly, but the whole Session, was Spun out, by them, in 
Dispute and Contention, to the great dishonour of the 
Kings Government, and to the hurt and damage, of 
the People— Nor is there a Shilling in the public Treas- 
ury, of the Province, to pay the Kings Governour, or 
Any other Officer (or Emergency) of the Government, 
the Council and Assembly, being peremtorily Set, each 
in their own way, and Manner, of raising Money for 
the Necessary Support, of the Government, and for 
the payment of the publick Debts: 

The Assembly wou'd enter into no Measures, for 
Sui^pi'essing the Rioters; And the Council Spent a 
great part, of the Session, in taking a number of Afii- 
davits, respecting the Rioters, which they Laid before 
Me; and have Sent the Same home, by their Agent, 
M' Morris, to be communicated, to your Lordships, by 
Which, your Lordships will readily See, the Spirit of 
Rioting, Remains Still the Same, As I have been con- 
stantly representing, to tlie Kings Ministers, from my 


ilrst Arrival, to this Government; and on this Acconnt, 
all Matters of Government, Seem to be Stagnated, and 
I am Afraid, will so remain, till Some Smart Orders, 
Arrive, from His Majesty In that Affair; and for 
which I have been earnestly Applying, for Eight 
Months past, and Should be proud, to receive them, 
with some close Animadversions, on the Conduct, of 
the Assembly: But in this I humbly Ask pardon, and 
Submit the further C^onducting, of this difficult Affair, 
to your Lordships Wisdom & Prudence — 

As to the Matter, of the Arrears, due from this 
Province, to the heirs, of the Late Governour, the 
payment whereof, your Lordships So earnestly, prest 
upon Me, to recommend, to the Assembly, — and which 
I did in the best Manner, I cou'd, taking the Advice of 
His Majestys C-ouncil, in An Affair, that So much 
Affected the honour, of His Majesty Government; and 
the interest, of the Said late Governour's heirs; and I 
am Sorry, what I Said, to the Assembly, on that head, 
produced So unreasonable An Answer; I humbly 
referr your Lordships, to the inclosed papers, for par- 
ticulars, and when your Lordships have lookt into 
them, I believe, your Lordships will be of Opinion, 
Tliat there is hardly a probability of 01)taining the 
payment, of those arrears fiom the Assembly, of this 
Province — 

I have the honour, to be with much Eespect My 

Your Lordships Most Obedient & 

Most Humble Servant 
J. Belcher 


Letter fr^om David Ogden to James Alexander — about 
Riot at Horseneck. 

[From Original among Papers of James Alexander, Vol. II, No. 50, in Rutherfurd 


James Alexander Esq'' at New York. 

Newark Novem'' 27 — 1749. 

About 14 days past we had a Riot Committed at 
Horseneck. I have omitted Sending you an Ace- there- 
of hoping to be able to send you Affidavits of the Riot 
as it v^as Committed having several times Endeavoured 
to prevail on our Justices to send for- the person 
Grieved & the Other Witnesses of the Riot in order to 
take their affidavits but the same has been omitted 
either through their ow^n particular business or not be- 
ing willing to appear in that affair, the particulars 
whereof as well as I can Inform you are, that in the 
Night 8 or 10 of the Rioters Came to the house of one 
Abraham Phillips Some broke open his door and 
Entred his house others pulled of the Roof from his 
house, they then turned Phillips out of his house 
threatening him with death, they tarried all the night 
at the house and in the Morning at their departure Set 
fire to and burnt down a Stack of Oats of said Phillips 
— While tlie Rioters were at Phillips's they fired a great 
Number of Guns making a hideous noise the whole 
night, whether the Rioters brought fire arms with 
them or found them at Phillips's house I am not In- 

proper affidavits of this Riot I believe would be 
proper to Accompany our Assembly's representation 
home of tlie pacifick Spirit of the Rioters. 

Our Justices not being so Capable &c whether it 
would not be best to have Justice Nevil to come up 


here and take proper affidavits of this Affair I sul)- 
mitt to you. as the Rioters at present seem to have 
some thing abated their resentment ag* me I beg to be 
Excused in this Affair. * "'^ '^ - '^ "'^ 
Your Most Obedient Hum''' Serf 

David Ogden. 

Tu;o Letters from Richard Smith, Juii'r, to Richard 
Partridge, Agent for New Jersey— al)Out Proceed- 
ings of New Jersey Legistatiwe. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI. G 68.1 

Rec^ from M'.' Partridge. Rec^' & Read May y^ 21)^'' 175(» 

Philadelphia 27'^^ of 9M° 1749 
Fr" Rich'f Partridge 

I am just now return'd from Amhoy to this Place 
but too late to write thee as I would do, the Ship be- 
ing gone down, & I send this by an Express after her 
to let thee know that our Session is broke up without 
any Laws, we are now got to that pass that the Coun- 
cil have amended y'' Support Bill till they have Spoilt 
it, & thereby prevented it i)assing, & I cant think any- 
thing will be done until there is a Change of some of 
them, thy letters came Seasonably to hand & were 
laid before the House of Assembly & thy care therein 
is much to their satisfaction, they have made a petition 
to y*" King, & Representa" to y'' Board of Trade, one of 
each I inclose just to apprize thee of what may be ex- 
pected from us by y' first (Opportunity as they will not 
be perfect till y' Things therein mentioned come to 
hand, no great use can till then be made of them. I 
was disappointed of having them here is tlie Reason 
they do not come now 

RichP Smith Jun'' 

P. S. I have herew^'' sent the Votes as far as they 
are printed & shairforward'the rest as"soon as possible. 


Burlington 20*^ of 10M° 1749 

Worthy Friend B. Partridge 

The above is a few lines I sent from Philad? some 
time since on y'' occasion therein mentioned, I may 
now^ acquaint thee that I rec'' thine of y*" 15"' of 12m° 
1748— the 4'" of V mo. 1749. the 23. d°, the 14. of 2^' mo. 
1749.— 3" of 4mo. the 28"' of 4m'?. the 24"' of 5m" the 
25"^ of 5m? the 2'^ of 6m? the 8*" of 6m? the 7'" of 7 mo. 
& 12"' of 7 mo. 1749. all w'^'' except the three last w^ere 
laid before the House of Assembly. & well api^roved 
by tliem, as I intimated to thee above, I now here in- 
close Two setts of the Votes, One Petition to the King, 
one Representa" to y'' Board of Trade, & a Copy of the 
Message, & Abstract of the Address, both drawn out 
fair & signed by the Clerk of the Assembly to be pre- 
sented w"' the Petition to the King w*"'' the Assembly 
thou wilt see by their Minutes depend on thee to pre • 
sent, I had no opportunity of sending them sooner than 
by this Vessel Cap* James vs^ho is y'' first since Cap^ 
Mesnard for London, otherwise they w'' not have been 
delayd till now, I can't particularly answer all thy let- 
ters neither do I apprehend it necessary as they have 
been laid before y*" House & been answered by them, 
in one I observe thou had taken some pains to collect 
y^ Case of a Tiyal that had been appealed home on, & 
w''' thou took to be the Case of those People Ryoting, 
But it was y*" Case of the Elizabeth Town People w''' 
is very different, from many of these Ryoters for they 
have only Indian Deeds & don't pretend any other 
Grant or at least are not like to be able to make out 
any other, thou urgest the raising of Money to guard 
y' Goals w''' is a thing quite impracticable here, because 
of the general Outcry or dislike to those called the Pro- 
prietors, they have, how justly I cant say gotten such 
a, general Odium on their Name that the People wo'' 
not pay any Money to support their Schemes that it 


would but have been setting the Country by the Ears 
for y*" Legislature to have attempted the raising of 
Money for that service; As to y'' Paper Money Bill I 
am sorry we are like to loose it, if thou canst have any 
prospect of saving it, it will be well to do it, if not, we 
must be content, tho' it seems a hard Case that y" Rep- 
resentation of one prejudiced Person sh'' be more re 
garded at that Board than y' whole Province besides, 
vfe we are at a loss to know how this Province is in 
debted to Farrin and to Paris as is represented by y' 
Lords of Trade, if thou hast employed him, y' As- 
sembly desires thou'lt do it no more since he has taken 
upon him to be their greatest Opposer, thou will ob- 
serve that what y' Assembly have done relating to y'' 
Ryoting Affairs is in their own defence not with any 
design to espouse the Ryoting Cause neither do they 
desire thou wilt any further enter into that Affair than 
to save the Province & the Assembly of it from any- 
thing that may be charged on them to their disadvant* 
for Neglect, which they have been charged with on 
that accoS 

I can say but little more on acco^ of the Arrearages 
than what y** Assembly have said in their Message, but 
that y^ Memory of P'son cSl one more, his Family are 
so disagreeable to y"' peoi)le in gen'' here that tlieyl 
never be likely to get them paid by an Assembly of 
New Jersey. Thoult see by y'' Minutes the Miserable 
Sliifts the Council were put to, to not pass the Support 
Bill, the design in that is thought her(i to keep the 
Gov'' And thee out of your Money, the Gov^ notwith- 
standing all their fair pretences to him, I know from 
frequent Intelligence I have, they by no means like the 
coming in by a wrong Interest; And thee I am in- 
formed the Chief intends to object to, as not 

being appointed Agent by Law, And to blame the As- 
sembly for taking upon them to appoint an Agent 
without the Gov"" & Council, this it seems tho' no more 
than what has been done for upwards of Twenty years 


is now to be a Crime in the Assembly of no less Nature 
than assuming y® Government to themselves, One of 
the Amendm*^ to y*" Support Bill was that we should 
have no Agent but what was appointed by Law, an- 
other of them was that the Gov'' should sign no War- 
rants for Money but such as should be approved by 
Council which I take to be design'd for stopping thy 
Warrants being signed when ever thou wrote or did 
any thing disagreeable to them, for now thou must 
note they are only to be signed in Council. 

Letter from, David Ogden to James Alexayider — about 
the rioters at Horseneck. 

I From the Original among Mr. Alexander's Papers Vol. II, No. 58, in Rutlierf urd 


To James Alexander Esq- at New York 

Newark Dec' 1. 1749 

Since my last to you 5 of the Eioters Mentioned 
therein have been apprehended and brought before 2 
of our Justices who on Examining the Witnesses pre- 
sent & the Eioters were of Opinion that Edward 
Archer and one Elisha Clark not taken as yet were the 
persons that broke open and tore off the Rooff from 
Phillii^s House and also Set fire to the Stacks of Oats 
flax & Corn Stolks without the Assistance of the other 
Rioters who were at some distance from the house 
(about 'iO rods) round a fire they had made there in the 
Woods — Archer is Committed to Goal, the other 4 
have given Security to appear at the Next Court of 
General Sessions of the peace for this County I was 
present part of the time when the Rioters & Witnesses 
were Examined, and Archer and Clark appeared to me 
to be the Chief promoters of the Riot and believed 
from some Circumstances that one or both of them set 


fire to the. Stacks, about 12 of the Clock at night vvitli- 
out tlie privity of the Other Rioters they l^eing tlien at 
said fire — I have obtained from the Justices Certified 
Copies of tlie Depositions of the vs^itnesses they Exam- 
ined which I send you Enclosed, there were other 
Witnesses Subpoenaed but did not appear before tlie 
Justices, when their depositions are taken I shall pro- 
cure Copies thereof and Send them you 

As our Justices Seem to be in Earnest now to Exam- 
ine into this Affair I believe they will go through the 
same without further Assistance &c. 

This Riot seems to Shock the more thinking part of 
the Rioters, Judging that it happening so soon after 
their Huml)le petition to his Majesty will show their 
Insincerity too plain they having mentioned in their 
petition that they should no longer Oppose but would 
Submitt to the Laws and the Authority — if you have 
any directions to send in this Affair the Barer can 
bring the same to 

Your Most Hum"'' Serv^ 
David Ogden 

Letter from Governor Belcher to the Secretriry of 
State — enclosing affichwits to show the state of 
the Province. 

[From r. R. O. America and West Indies, Vol. XIV, p. 391.] 

Burlington in New Jersey 2G''* Dec'" 174t) 
May it please your Grace 

I had the honour of writing your Grace, the 27"' of 
last Month, a duplicate whereof, goes with this, and 
to which, T humbly referr your Grace, in the publick 
Affairs, of this Province. 

A Ship is daily expected at Philadelphia, from Lon- 
don, by which I hope, to have the honour of hearing 


from your Grace, with the Kings especial Orders, re- 
specting the difficult Situation, of the Affairs of this 

There is no money in the pubhck Treasury, for Any 
use, or Service whatsoever, and the Spirit of Kioting, 
continues, to be As much, and as violent, as ever ; A 
recent Instance Whereof, your Grace will find, by the 
inclosed, which is Copy, of an Affidavit, Sent me, a 
few dayes Agoe ; Upon this I have Summon'd the 
Kings Council, and I shall communicate this Matter to 
them, and take their Advice, whether it may not be, 
for his Majestys Service, and for the welfare, of this 
People, to call the Assembly and Again to lay before 
them, the deplorable, distrest State of the Province ; 
And Although I concieve, but little hopes of their 
doing Any thing to Purpose, yet it will give them, one 
more Opportunity of falling into their duty by joining 
with the Governour and Council, in passing Such 
laws. As are Absolutely Necessary for Supporting the 
Government and For Suppressing the Rioters. But if 
they Should continue inflexible, they will be without 
excuse : And His Majesty will, no doubt, go into Af- 
fectual Measures, for restoring the peace of the Prov- 
ince, and for upholding the honour, and dignity of 
this Government 

I remain with the highest regard and deference 
My Lord Duke Yt)ur Graces Most devoted 
Most Obedient and Most Humble Servant 

J. Belcher. 

Enclosed in foregoing. 

Province of ) 
New Jersey j 

Abraham Phillips, of Horse-Neck in the County of 
Essex and Province of New Jersey, Husbandman, of 
full Age, being first duly sworn upon the Holy Evan- 


gelists, saith, That some Time about the Beginning of 
the last Spring, he this Deponent desired one Matthew 
PhiUips to speak to James Alexander, Esq and Chief 
Justice Morris about a Piece of Land lying at Horse 
Neck, which this Deponent had heard belonged to the 
aforesaid Gentlemen, for that this Deponent was de- 
sirous to lease or purchase the same: That the said 
Matthew Phillijis informed this Deponent that he had 
spoke to the aforesaid Gentlemen, and that they were 
willing this Deponent should go upon the Land : That 
accordingly said Deponent took Possession of One 
Hundred Acres of Land in the Name of the said 
James Alexander, Esq and Chief Justice Morris at a 
Place called Horse Neck, being Part of a Tract of 
Land which this Deponent understands to he pattented 
to a Number of Persons called tlie West Jersey Society; 
and which Tract of Land this Deponent hath heard 
was lately purchased by the said James Alexander and 
Robert Hunter Morris Esq' And this Deponent 
further saith. That there was Part of a Logg-House 
standing upon the Premisses at the Time when he took 
Possession of the Land, which this Deponent improved 
and finished so as to make it fit to live in: That there 
were about Three or Four Acres of the said Land 
cleared, as this Deponent hath been informed, by one 
Thomas Archer, but that the said Archer hath quitted 
the same about Five Years ago, yet pretended a Claim 
to it by virtue of an Indian Purchase, and hath offered 
to rent or sell the same: That this Deponent hath 
made some small Improvements upon the said Land, 
such as Building a small Logg-House, Fencing of a 
Hog- Pasture, and planting out a few Apple- Trees and 
a few Peach-Trees; and fully intendeth to purchase 
the same as soon as a Lawful (Jwner api>eai's. And 
this Deponent further saith. That on Thursday the 
Ninth Day of November last, about Noon, one Aaron 
Clawson came to this Deponent's House, and this De- 


l^onent having heard a Gun fired off about a Quarter 
of an Hour before, he asked the said Aaron Clawson 
whether they were about Mobbing t And the said 
Clawson answered, No! And then went away in a 
Friendly Manner without using any Threats: That 
the same Afternoon this Deponent had sent two Sons 
of Matthew Phillips to fetch his Mare: that when they 
came back, they told this Deponent that one John 
Massacher said he wanted to speak with this Deponent; 
and that t!ie said John Massacher further said he 
would have this Deponent's Blood out of his Body: 
That about an Hour before Sun Set, or a little better, 
of the same Day, the Six following Persons came to 
this Deponent's House, to- wit, Edward Archer, Hend- 
rick Riker, John Massacher. Aaron Clawson, Hendrick 
Riker, jun. and Isaac Riker, with a Sled and Horses, 
and carry'd away some Old Loggs, lying upon the 
Premisses, which belonged to a House formerly built 
by Thomas Archer, in order to put upon a House 
building by Edward Archer upon some Lands claimed 
by the Ashfields. That after they had carry'd off the 
said Loggs, the Six Persons above-mentioned returned 
to this Deponent's House; and this Deponent was told 
by Matthew Phillips's Children, That they were pulling 
down the Fence about this Deponent's Stack- Yards: 
Upon which this Deponent went out and forewarned 
them, telling the said Six Persons, who all or most of 
them were tearing up the Fence, That if they let in 
the Creatures to destroy the Stacks, he would make 
them smart for it: That Edward Archer then told 
this Deponent, he might Kiss his Arse, and swore by 
God that he would do it in spite of him or any one 
else. That the said Persons next tore down his Hog- 
Pen, and turned his Fattoning Hogs loose, who ran 
into the Woods, and it was three or four Days before 
he could find them again, when a Breeding Sow of 
this Deponent's was found dead. And this Deponent 


further saith, That after this the said Six Persons, to- 
wit, Edward Archer, Hendrick Eiker, John Massa- 
cher, Aaron Clawson, Hendrick Riker jun. and Isaac 
Riker, came up to this Deponent; and inclosed him, 
and insuhed and threaten'd him very much; and Ed- 
ward Archer spit in this Deponent's Face and call'd 
liim C*oward: And the said Edward Archer said he 
woukl have this De})onent''s Impi'ovements from him, 
and that he woukl come to live there that Week: And 
the said Edward Archer asked his Companions if they 
would stand by him, who swore to God they would to 
the last. Tliat this Deponent saw a gun in the hands 
of Hendrick Riker jun. and being very much terrify \1 
and thinking himself in Danger of his Life, he told 
his Mothei', an antient Woman then in the House, 
That he thought they had better go away; and accord- 
ingly this Deponent locked the Door of his House, and 
his Old Mother w^ent to the House of Matthew Phil- 
lips, about Two Mile and a Half off, and this Depo- 
nent went to the House of C*onradus Bush, his Brother- 
in-Law, about two Miles and Three Quarters off; and 
this they did through Fear and for their Safety: That 
it was then after Sun-Set of the same Day, to-wit, 
Thursday tlie Ninth of November: That just before 
this Deponent went away, he saw Edward Archer 
pull down a Foundation which this Deponent had laid 
for an Oven, and scattered the same al)out: And 
when this Deponent left his House as aforesaid, the 
afore-mentioned Six Persons were about his Stacks; 
but what they were doing there he cannot say. And 
this Deponent further saith. That about Ten of the 
Clock the next morning, he this Deponent returned to 
his House, when he found the Door of his House broke 
open and stolen away, about a quarter part of the 
Roof of his House torn off, a Stack of Oats of be- 
tween Twenty and Thirty Bushels, a Stack of Corn 
Stalks and Flax, some Buck-Wheat Straw, in short, 


all the Provision and Fodder which this Deponent had 
got to subsist his Creatures during the Winter, were 
all consumed to Ashes, and burnt (as this Deponent 
hath Reason to believe) by the above-mentioned Six 
Persons, to-wit, Edward Archer, Hendrick Piker, 
John Massacher, Aaron Clawson, Hendrick Piker jun. 
and Isaac Piker, all or some of them. And this De- 
ponent further saith, That his Mother, Mary Phillips, 
and one Lidia Phillips, Wife of Matthew Phillips jun. 
were come to the House before this Deponent, and 
that they informed him, that when they came there 
they found this Deponent's Goods in the Streets, being- 
removed out of the House; and this Deponent saw his 
Goods in the House, but out of Order, and a Table 
and two Wooden Trenchers broke to Pieces: And the 
said Women told this Deponent, That they hadcarry'd 
the Goods into the House again, and that they found 
them in the street. And this Deponent further saith, 
That the Chief Part of his Neighbours in and about 
Horse-Neck are of the People called Rioters: That 
about a Twelvemonth ago, one Frans Cook brought a 
Paper to this Deponent to sign, and being read to him, 
he found it to be a Subscription to collect Money, in 
order to have a fair Tryal for the Tithe of the Lands, 
and thereby to give Peace to the Country; for which 
End (and no other) this Deponent subscribed Seven 
Shillings; but as no such Proceedings hath gone on; 
he hath not yet paid the Money: That some of the 
Rioters, particularly one Gerard Spier, would have per- 
suaded this Deponent to have joined them in taking a 
man out of Gaol; but this Deponent always refused to 
have any Concern with them; Upon which Account, 
and upon his Declaring his Inclinations and Intentions 
to purchase of the Right Owners, this Deponent hath 
Reason to beheve was the principal Occasion of his 
being thus abused, and his substance destioyed, and 


his Person threaten'd. And further this Deponent 
saith not. 


Abraham A Phillips. 


Sworn this Dth day of December, 1T-J:!^^>, before Samuel 
Nevill one of the Justices of the Sui)reme Court of 
Judicature of the Province of New Jersey. 

Samuel Nevill. 

(Second Enclosure in Govi" Belchers of the 20^'' 
Dec 1749) 

Province of ) ^ 
New Jersey ) " ' 

Thomas Gould, of Horse-Neck in the County of 
Essex, and Province of New Jersey, Husbandman, of 
full A^-e, being first duly sworn upon the Holy Evan- 
gelists, saith, that on Thursday the Ninth of Novem- 
ber last in the Evening, he this Deponent was informed 
by his Daughter, That her Uncle Hank and Ned Tinker 
and a whole Heap of them were going to tear Brom 
all to pieces; upon which this Deponent said to one 
Frederick Perry, That he had a good Mind to go and 
see Poor Brom's Ruins: And thereupon this Deponent 
and the said Frederick Perry went towards the House 
of one Abraham Phillips upon Horse-Neck aforesaid : 
That he saw several Pei'sons about Forty Rod from 
the said Philhps's House, one of which this Deponent 
verily believes to be one Ehsha Clark of the County of 
Morris, at the Foot of Horse Neck Bridge; as also one 
Edward Archer and one Hendrick Riker jun. with a 
Gun upon his Arm; That he heard the Person whom 
he took to be Elisha Clark, ask Archer if he did not 
challenge that to be his own Property? That Archer 
answered Yes 1 That the said Clark then said. That 
if they would take liini to be their Captain, he would 
go foremost; and if they would lower him down, he 


would get in at the Chimney, and open the Door: 
That the said Clark further told them, they must do 
nothing but what he bid them, and not break any- 
thing; and then there was no Law in the World that 
could touch them, and if there was, he would give 
them his Horse, (or Words to that Effect:) That the 
Rioters made a great Shouting and Noise, and fired a 
riun four or five Times: That the Deponent went up 
into the Woods with Frederick Perry, and then they 
came down another Way near the said Abraham Phil- 
lips's House, and the Rioters were still about the same; 
and this Deponent thought he heard a Noise much like 
the Bursting open of a Door. That the Rioters had 
kindled a Fire about Forty Rods from the House. And 
this Deponent further saith. That he went the next 
Morning after Sunrise to the House of the said Abra- 
ham Phillips, where he saw Part of the Roof of the 
House broke off, the Door broke open and gone, and a 
Stack of Oats and a Stack of Corn Stalks, which stood 
near the said House, were burnt to Ashes, And this 
Deponent further saith. That it was in the Night, and 
(as he believes) towards Bed-Time, when he heard (as 
he thought) Abraham Phillips's Door open, and the 
said Rioters about the said House; That this Deponent 
went up to the said Phillips's House, and felt at tl(e 
Door, which he then took to be fast, and that he then 
heard the Rioters hallow, and seemed to be coming 
that Way; soon after which he thought he heard the 
Door open: And further this Deponent saiah not. 

Thomas Gould 
Sworn this 9"' Day of December, 1749, Before Samuel 
Nevill one of the Justices of the Supreme Court of 
Judicature of the Province of New Jersey. 

Samuel Nevill, 


Deposition of John Hackett of the Province of New 
Jersef/ — rclatirig to a Riot committed on the Estate 
of Messrs. Atlen and Turner. 

(From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI. G 5'2.] 

John Hackett of lull Age being duly Sworn on the 
Holy Evangelist of Almighty God Deposeth and Saith 
that on Tuesday the Second Day of this Instant Janu- 
ary William Bird and himself together with a Number 
of Hands went in Order to Get Some Timber for a Mill, 
on the Land of IVLess"* Alien A: Turner (being Sui)posed 
to be part of the Three Thousand Acres by them pui'- 
chased of the Society) and began to fall Some for that 
purpose but in less than two Hours after they began 
to work John Hendrickson, Jabus Jarvis, Jonathan 
Stephenson, and John Swarths (all but Ste])henson be- 
ing dwellers on the Sosietys Tract) together with Two 
Men More C^ame to them and forbid M'. Burd from Cut- 
ting Down any More Timber Alledging the right in 
that Land, on which they Were Cutting Timber, to l)e 
in no Other person but themselves who were the Eldest 
Inhabitants and that they were determined to keep the 
possession thereof till the Right was Decided m Eng- 
land And Upon M' Birds proceeding to Measure the 
Timber which was Cut and Stooping Down for that 
purpose Hendrickson Came with a Club and knockinl 
him Down. And Jabus Jarvis At the same time at- 
tacked & Sti'uck this Deponant with a Club Upon 
Which Affray Ensued, And M' Bird, this Deponant 
and two of M'" Aliens workmen Over powered and Se- 
cured the four persons Above mentioned who had as- 
saulted them (The Other Two having retired before the 
Quarrell began) And Carryed them before Samuel 
Johnson Esq'- (a Majestrate) whothat night Committed 
them by Mittimus to Trenton Goal, after having Of- 
feied to take Security According to Law which they 

378 administration: of governor belcher. [1749 

refused Declaring that the Mob would be their Se- 
curity; And Accordingly the Above Prisoners together 
with the Mittimus were About Mid-Night Delivered to 
a Constable; And this Deponant about Three of the 
Clock the next Morning being on his way to y^ Con- 
stables to Assist in Carrying Down the Prisoners to 
Trenton Cxoal over took About twenty Rioters (Usually 
Called Club Men) with Clubs in their Hands by a Tav- 
ern on the Road to the Constables House, But no Dis- 
course passed between them and this Deponant — and 
when he Came to the C^on stables he found between 
Fifteen & Twenty Rioters Gathered there who he be- 
lieves Came with a Design to rescue the Prisoners had 
they had not been prevented by this Deponant and 
Others Threatning to give them Opposition, and, (after 
some Conversation and the Constable having Ordered 
the Rioters to Assist him and their refusing so to do) 
one of them publickly said that they should not keep 
those prisoners long. And when they were Carrying 
the Prisoners to Trenton one John Scritchfield over 
took them and told them (as this Deponant has been 
Informed by y? Prisoners themselves to Travell Easy 
for they would be Overtaken and Rescued at Coats's or 
kingos (being two Taverns on the Road) and when the 
Prisoners Came to kingos and perceiving None of their 
Company was Come According to Promise They said 
since they were Disappointed in Meeting them there, 
they were Convinced they Where gon About a Worse 
thing, that Was, the jDulling Down and Distroying of 
the Furnace and Develling House, And the Prisoners 
afterwards Declared to this Deponant and others that 
they were Satisfy ed they should be Rescued from their 
Confinement this Week & if it was not Done within 
that time they should no Expect to be Taken out by 
the Mob at all And further this Deponant Saith not 

John Hackett 
Sworn this fourth Day of January 1749.) Before me 

Jn" Coxe 


Charles Russell being Also Sworn As above De- 
clares that he was privy to all the Transactions recited 
in the (above Affidavit, and Swears that the facts 
therein Contained are True 

Charles Russell 
Sworn the Day Above said Before me 

Ju" Coxe 

The Pet a ion of Robert Hunter Morris, Esq., of New 
Jerseij, Ayevt for the Oeriernl Proprietors of the 
Eastern Division of that Province. 

Jan^ 18 1749-50. 

& Plantations. 

To the Right Hon'^.^^ the Lords Com'".^ for Trade 


That an humble Petition from the snid Propi'ietors 
to his Majesty, Complaining of the grievous Ryots & 
Disorders in that Province, was referred to your Lord- 
ships, on the 13'" of April 1T4{>. And his Majestys 
C'Ouncil in New Jersey have also, represented the said 
Matters to your Lordships, & his Grace hisMaj*^" Prin- 
cipal Secretary of State, for sometime past. 

Since which Times, altho it has been publickly 
known, there, that that Affair was under the Consid- 
eration of his Majesty & his Ministers, the said Ryots 
& Rebellious Disorders, very far from ceasing or being 
discontinued, have encreased, to a great Degree, 
through the Countenance given by the Assembly to 
the Persons concerned therein, notwithstanding all the 
Measures which could be taken by his Majestys Coun- 
cil there, who did Every Thing in their Power, to put 


a Stop to the same, & to support his Majestys Au- 

That the said Disorders encreasing, in a very alarm- 
ing & dangerous Manner, the s-' General Proprietors, 
in August 1749, appointed your Petn'.' their Agent, to 
represent the same to his Majesty & his Ministers; 
And their Original Powers to Your Petn!' are lodged in 
your Lordships Office. 

That since Your Petnl left the s^ Province, to witt, 
ahout the Middle of November last, The Ryoters have 
proceeded to a further Degree of Insolence, than ever 
before, having appeared, then, with Fire Arms, & 
having actually pulled down the House, & burnt the 
Stacks of Corn, & other Matters, belonging to a Per- 
son who would not submit to become Tenant to them, 
or to such Person as they directed. As by Affidavits 
humbly presented herewith 

So that. All Authority, Order, Justice & good Gov- 
ernment there, are dissolved, & at an End, & the Mob 
assume the uncontrouled Power of acting at their own 
Will and Pleasure, to dispose of the Lives or Propertys 
of his Maj^y* Subjects just as they think fit. 

Nor is such licentious Spirit confined to New Jersey, 
alone, but manifestly shews itself in New York, And 
the Principle, whereon its founded, of the Right & 
Interest of the Indian Natives being paramount to his 
Majestys Right cSc Title to the Soil of America, is so 
interesting, that it may appear to Your Lordships to 
merit a prompt Consideration, while yet it is capable 
of receiving some Redress, before it shall have, too 
openly, spread, & extended itself, into other, more 
populous. Colony s. 

Wherefore Your Petn'.' most humbly prays your 
Lordships will take the s-' Matter into your early Con- 
sideration, & to advise such Relief as shall be effec- 
tual, in the Premises 

And Your Petn!^ shall ever pray &c. — 


Letter from Governor Belctier to the Board of Trade — 
trausmitting the Collector and Naval Officers 
Accounts of Sliips Entered and Cleared at the 
Ports of BnrliiKjton and Pertli Aniboji. 

IFrom P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G 61.] 

May It please your Lordships, 

I have at length, Obtained the Accounts, of the 
Exports and Imports, of this Province (the port of 
Salem excepted) and I now transmit tliem, to your 
Lordships, with Copies, of the Keturn made Me, by 
the Several Oflftcers, to My Orders; your Lordships 
will on the perusal of these — Accounts, find 

That M- Read, the Collector for Burlinyton, goes 
back, to the Year 1732, and down to 174^ 

M"" Barbarie, the Collector, for Perth Aniboy, goes 
back to 1743 and down to 49 

And M' Fox, the Navcd Officer, for Perth Anil)oy, 
goes back to 1740, and down to 40 (There is no (Jtlier 
Naval Officer in the Province) 

I have so often orderd M' Frasier, the Collector for 
Port, of Salem (HO miles from hence) to Send his Ace' 
and can Obtain No Answer, that I am quite weary, 
and don't expect, to get his Account; indeed lam told, 
Salem is but a trifling, insignificant Port, of Trade & 

The Accounts I now Send your Lordshi[)S, you will 
find, but imperfect Nor can the Officers, make a 
rational Guess, at the Value, of the Exports and Im- 
ports, The Traders, in their Entries, Never incerting 
the Value; I am Sorry, the Accounts are So lame; but 
they are as compleat, as they can be had, from the 
several Officers, in this Province; — 

I have the honour, to be, with great Respect 
My Lords Your Lordships 
Most Obedient and Most Humble Serv' 

Burlington (N J) January 20: 1740-50 J Belcher 


Proclamation, upon Occasw7i of the two late Riots in 
the Province of New Jersey. Received with Gov- 
ernor Belcher- 8 Letter, dated the 26th of March, 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G 63.] 

By His Excellency 

Jonathan Belcher, Esq; 

Captain General and Governor in Chief, in and over 

the Province of New Jersey, and Territories thereon 

depending in America, Chancellor and Vice Admiral 

in the Same, &c. 


Whereas it appears to me by several Depositions 1 
have j-eceived, that two dangerous and violent Riots 
have been lately committed in this Province, the one 
in the County of Essex, and the other in the County 
of Hunterdon, and many threatening Speeches and 
Declarations have been made by the Persons concerned 
in the same. 

These are in His Majesty's Name, to command all 
Officers, Civil and Military, to be very Vigilant in 
apprehending any Persons who have been concerned 
in the Said Riots: And that the Sheriffs of the several 
Counties, or other civil Officers, or any Colonel or 
other Officer of the Militia in this Province, do imme- 
diately on Notice of any Riot or Violence intended to 
any of His Majesty's Subjects, or their Estates, raise 
so many Men as shaU be necessary to oppose and 


obstruct the Execution of such Designs; and do appre- 
liend the Persons concerned and convey them to the 
Goal of tlie respective Counties where such unwar- 
ranted Proceedings shall be done or attempted, in 
order to their being brought to Justice. And all Ohi- 
cers. Civil and Mihtary, are required to exert them- 
selves Vigorously on these and all Occasions of the 
like Nature. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms at Burling- 
ton, this Twenty-sixth Day of January, in the Twenty- 
third Year of His Majesty's Reign. 

J. Belcher. 

By His Excellency's Command, Charles Read, Seer. 


Report to the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's 
Treasury, upo)i the Account of E-ipeuses incurred 
in the Northern Colonies, on the intended Expedi- 
tion against Caitada. February 2S, 174!»-50. 

LP. R. O. B. T. Plantations General, No. 37, Ent. Book H, p. l.J 

To the Right Hon^^*" the Lords Commissioners 
of His Maj^y^ Treasury. 

My Lords, 

IPursuant to a Letter from M' West, Your Lordship's 
Secretary, dated the 1(>'.' of February last, We have 
taken into Our Consideration the several Papers which 
have been transmitted to Us by Your Lordships Direc- 
tions, relating to the Demands which have been made 
for Expences which have arisen in several of the 
Northern Colonies in America foi- Services done on the 
intended Expedition against Canada; together with 
such other Papers relating to this Affair as have been 


received by Us from His Majesty's Secretaries of State 
or other Officers of the Crown, or have been laid before 
Us by the Agents of the said Colonies. 

We have likewise been attended by the Agents for 
the several Colonies respectively, and have fully heard 
what they had to offer upon this Occasion; whereof 
notice will be taken under the Head of each respective 
Province or Colony. 

The Colonies concerned in this Expedition, and 
wherein any Expences have been incurred on Account 
thereof, are the four Provinces of New England, viz! 
the Massachusett's Bay, New Hampshire, Connecticut 
and Rhode Island; together with the Provinces of New 
York, New Jersey, Maryland, Pensylvania and Vir- 
ginia. But before We proceed to examine into the 
Accounts of each respective Colony, it may not be im- 
proper to rej)ort to Your Lordships the Orders which 
appear to Us to have been given respecting this Expe- 
dition, as well with regard to the raising and levying 
the Forces in each Colony as to the Manner in which 
they were to be disbanded, and the Accounts of the 
Charge and Expence made up when the said Expedi- 
tion was laid aside. 

In pursuing this Method the following Questions, 
necessarily leading to the Adjustment of the Demands 
made on account of this Expedition, will be more 
clearly understood. 

1'^ What Part of the Charge of this Expedition the 
Crown took upon itself, and what Part was required 
from the Colonies ^ 

2'! Whether the Time and Manner of Dismissing the 
Troops raised for this Service doe properly correspond 
with the Orders sent from hence for that Purpose ? 

3? Whether in the making up the Muster Rolls and 
other Accounts the proper Savings have been made 
agreeable to the Methods prescribed ? 


For carrying on this Expedition His Majesty's Com- 
mands were signified to the resfpective Governors of 
the several Colonies concerned in it by Letters from 
the Duke of Newcastle, dated the 9'!' of April 1746, that 
they should raise as many Men as the Shortness of the 
time would allow, and appoint such Officers as they 
should think proper- to command them, who were to 
enter into Pay from the time of their engaging in His 
Majesty's Service, and the Soldiers from the day of 
tlieir Inlistment: The Troops so raised to be formed 
into Companies of loO Men each. As to the Articles 
of Arms and Cloathing for the Soldiers, it was recom- 
mended to them to take care that a proper Provision 
was made of them, for which a reasonable Allowance 
was to be made by General Saint Clair; but with re- 
spect to the Provisions for their Subsistence, they were 
ordered to recommend it to the Councils and Assem- 
blies of their respective Provinces, to take care that a 
pi'oper Quantity was provided: And as to the four 
New England Colonies, viz' Massachusetts Bay, Con- 
necticut, Rhode Island and New Hampshire, whose 
Troops were designed, according to the Plan of the 
Expedition, to rendezvous at Louisbourg. and from 
thence to proceed up the River Saint Laurence to Que- 
bec: Their respective Governors were directed to re- 
commend to their Councils and Assemblies, to provide 
a sufficient Number of Transports to carry the Troo|)s 
to Louisbourg, and from thence up the River Saint 
Laurence: Likewise to provide as many armed Vessels 
as could be got to serve in the Expedition. And M"^ 
Shirley was also directed to recommend to the Assem- 
bly of his Province, to procure Whale- Boats and other 
small Craft to go ahead of the Fleet in the River Saint 

From hence it evidently appears, that the Article of 
Ai-ms and Cloathing for the Soldiers was to be fur- 
nished at the Expence of the Crown, and the Pro- 


visions as well as the Transports and armed Vessels 
for the Troops of th^four New England Colonies at 
the Charge of the said Colonies: and that the Orders 
were so understood by the Colonies, will evidently ap- 
pear from their immediate Compliance therewith: The 
four Colonies of Virginia, Maryland, Pensylvania and 
New Jersey, whose Troops with those of the Province of 
New York, were to rendezvous at All)any, and to enter 
Canada by Land, having, as M' Shirley has represented 
to Us, furnished their Levies, with what they com- 
puted a sufficient Quantity of Provisions for the Expe- 
dition, and the Province of New York, and the four 
New England Governments doing the same for their 
respective Troops, and the New England Governors 
procuring Transports to carry their Troops to Louis- 
bourg, and armed Vessels to serve in the Expedition, 
all at the Expence of their several Colonies. 

On the 30".' of May 1747, His Majesty's Commands were 
by a Letter from the Duke of Newcastle, signitied to 
M- Shirley the Governor of the Massachusets Bay, that 
he should appoint a Meeting with M' Knowles at such 
Place as should be agreed upon, and consider with him 
the State of Nova Scotia and Louisbourg, and take the 
proper Measures for the Defence of those Places: They 
were likewise to consider what Number of Americans 
would be necessary to be retained for this Service. 
And as to the Amei'icans in General, except only such as 
might be wanted for the aforementioned Purpose, they 
were directed to thank them in such manner as they 
should think proper, and immediately dischai-ge them 
all upon the best and cheapest Foot they could: The 
manner of discharging them, the Satisfaction for their 
time, &c. being left to M' Shirley and C^ommodore 
Knowles, recommending to them however to do it as 
cheap as possible. And tho' great Sums had been al- 
ready drawn for upon Your Lordships, and tho' it ap- 
pears from the said Letter that Your Lordships repre- 


seiited the drawing Bills in that manner to he very ir- 
regular-, yet lest the Credit of the respective Governors 
concerned might suffer hy the Bills being protested, it 
was signified to M^ Shirley, that your Lordships had 
directed all Bills to that time to be accepted and paid; 
l)ut he was directed to take care that no further 
Draughts were made in that manner, and to take care 
that the Money paid here to answer those Bills should 
be accounted for upon the Discharge of the Troops: 
And as the American Troops had done little or no Ser- 
vice, His Grace the Duke of Newcastle took notice to 
M'.' Shirley in his said Letter, that he hoped they would 
not ex]iect to be paid in the manner they would have 
been had they actually been employed on Service; and 
that it seemed highly reasonable, that such of their 
Troops as remained in the Provinces where they were 
inlisted, should be contented with less Pay than such 
of them as had marched into other Provinces We 
must however observe to Your Lordsliips, that M' 
Shirley and M' Knowles in a joint Letter to the Duke 
of Newcastle, dated the 2s"' of November IT-IT, repre- 
sented, that Governor CUinton had, before His Maj- 
esty's Commands were signified upon this Point, paid 
off the private men raised within his own Government, 
and those of Pensylvania Maryland and Virginia to the 
L>4"' of June 174:7, at the Rate of "H. Sterhng per Day 
over and above the Provisions, and advanced two 
Months Pay to the Officers, after the Rate of the Pay 
allowed to those of His Majesty's Troops upon the Brit- 
ish Establishment; and that there was a general Ex- 
l)ectation from the beginning of the Expedition, among 
the Soldiers, Officers and Governors, that the Ameri- 
can Troops would be paid after those Rates, which they 
urged to be agreeable to the Terms expressed in his 
Grace's circular Letter of the t»^'' of April 174<">, for rais- 
ing the Men in the several Governments and the En- 
listments founded upon 'em. That however, as M' 


Shirley had paid off the private Men raised within his 
own Government, in such manner as to leave room for 
making a Stoppage out of the "6. Sterling per day, for 
the 8 Months Provisions which he had found them at 
the Expence of the Province, Endeavours had been 
used to make this Stoppage out of the Pay of all the 
Troops raised within the four Colonies of New Eng- 
land, except of those employed in the hard and hazard- 
ous Duty at Menis for the Protection of Nova Scotia as 
will be hereafter mentioned: But that the Discontent 
of the New England (Officers and Soldiers at the pro- 
posed Stoppage rising to a great Height and being- 
likely to be aggravated, upon their being apprised of 
the New York and other Southern Regiments being 
paid off at a higher Kate; and it also appearing that 
the Men in General would be brought into Debt to 
their Captain if the 4" per Day in Dispute was sto])ped, 
they found it impracticable to insist upon this Point, 
without inflaming the New England Soldiers, and that 
it must disgust the People, and thereby greatly pre- 
judice His Majesty's Service in case of any future 
Emergency: And that they thereupon determined it to 
be most adviseable to settle their Pay at the same Rate 
with that of the Southern Regiments paid off by M' 
Clinton, which they observed to His Grace it was im- 
practicable for them to alter. 

All which will more fully appear to Your Lordships 
from an Extract of the said Joint Letter and Papers 
therein referred to, hereunto annexed. 

In answer to the before -mentioned Letter, M' Shirley 
received a Letter from His Grace the Duke of Bedford, 
dated the !()*'' of May 1748, informing him that the 
said joint Letter had been laid before His Majesty, and 
that His Majesty was pleased to acquiesce in the Pay- 
ment of the Men at (V^ per Day Sterling, for the Reason 
assigned by M!" Shirley and M"^ Knowles, an Extract of 
which said Letter is hereunto annexed. 


M' Shirley was further directed, by the aforemen- 
tioned Letter from the Duke of Newcastle, dated the 
?>0*." of May 1T4T, to procure an exact Account of the 
whole Expence to l)e laid before Parliament, to the end 
that Provision might be made for the Payment; and 
when the same should be fully adjusted and liquidated, 
t(^ transmit it with the proper Vouchers: And in the 
mean time, in order to prevent any Complaint amongst 
the Men for want of immediate Pay, he was to recom- 
mend it to the Governors of the Provinces where 
Levies were made, to procure Credit from the respec- 
tive Assemblies for that Purpose. 

In Consequence of this Letter all the Troops raised 
for this Expedition, except Six Companies which M' 
Shirley has represented to Us were retained for the As- 
sistance of Nova Scotia, were directed to be discharged 
by Governor Shirley and Governor Knowles on the 
3 P.' of October following, as will appear to Your Lord- 
ships from a Copy of their Dismission hereunto an- 
nexed: But previous thereto, Extracts of the afore 
mentioned Letter from the Duke of Newcastle, and 
also a Circular Letter signed by Governor Shirley and 
Governor Knowles, dated the KV' of October 1747,wei'e 
sent to the Governors of the several Colonies concerned 
in the Expedition, directing them to transmit to them 
as soon as possible Muster Rolls or Lists of the several 
Officers and Soldiers raised in each Government, dis- 
tinguishing the C^ompanies into which they were 
formed, with the respective Times of every Officers 
engaging in His Majesty's Service, and Days on which 
the Soldiers were inlisted into it; as also an Account 
of the Deaths of the Officers and Men which had died 
since they entered into the Service, with the i-espective 
Times when they happened, as also of the Dismissions 
and Desertions of any of the Soldiers and Times of 
their being discharged or deserting; together with an 
Account of the Eurloughs whicli had been granted 


from time to time to the Soldiers or any of them, and 
for what Time; as also upon what CoQimand or Duty 
the Officers and Men had been respectively employed 
since the time of their entering into the Service, to- 
gether with a Muster Roll or List of the Officers and 
effective private Soldiers then remaining in the Service : 
All which EoUs, Lists and Accounts were to be certi- 
fied by the proper Officers under their Hands, upon 
Oath taken before each Governor and attested by him- 
self. They were also directed to transmit an Account 
of the Charges of the Cloathing, Ai-ms and Accoutre- 
ments of the Soldiers, and of all other Expences which 
had been incurred on Account of the Expedition and 
were not to be defrayed by each Colony, from the time 
of their being levied to the time of each Governors at- 
testing the said Accounts, together with the Vouchers 
thereof, all duly certified upon Oath by the proper 
Parties before each Governor: It was likewise observed 
to them, that the Arms and Accoutrements were to be 
returned, or if lost the Money stopped out of the Men's 

In Addition to these Orders and Directions M- Shir- 
ley also sent the following Additional Instructions to 
the several Governors for regulating the Pay of the 
Officers and Soldiers, viz^ 

Twelve Pence in the Pound to be deducted out of 
the Pay of both Officers and Men. 

One Day's Pay per Ann. to be deducted out of the 
Pay of the Men for Chelsea Hospital. 

The Value of the Arms to be stopped out of the Pay 
of such Soldiers as did not return their Arms, except 
in Cases where it appeared they were lost thro' inevi- 
table Misfortune. 

The Remainder of Pay for Deserters, after Payment 
to their respective Captains of what was due to them 
for Money or necessary Supplies of any kind advanced 
to such Soldiers in the time of Service and on Account 
of it, to be made a Saving to the Crown. 


Six Pence per Month for each Serjeant, four Pence 
for each C^orporal and Drummer, and three Pence per 
Month for each private Man, to he stopped for Medi- 
cine Money, two Pence in the Pound to he stopped out 
of tlje Pay of the Men for Agency. 

The Sum arising by the three first Deductions was 
to be deducted out of the Sum Total of each Mustei- 
Roll and not drawn for upon the Paymaster Geneial. 

No more to be drawn for upon the Paymaster Gen- 
eral for Deserter's Pay than what was due to the 
respective Captains for Supplies advanced as afore- 

The Stoppages for Medicine Money, and Agency for 
the Payment of the Men, to be drawn for upon the 
Paymaster General. 

How far these Instructions and Regulations have been 
observed by the respective Colonies in Discharging and 
Paying off their respective Troops, and in making u\) 
their Accounts, will appear in the Examination of the 
Demands of each Colony. 

We must fuither acquaint your Lordships, that in 
the above-mentioned Circular Letter, the several Gov- 
ernors were directed to recommend it to their Assem- 
blies respectively, to furnish such Sums of Money or 
Credit as might be wanted to pay off the Soldiers; but 
it appears from the Extracts of two Letters from M' 
Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, one dated the i!s"' 
of Novend)er, the other the 2sl'' of December 1747, as 
well as from a Message fiom M! Shirley to the Assem- 
bly of his Province on the 20^'' of Oct' and their Answer 
thereto on the 5^" of August 1747, that the Provinces 
of Massachusetts Bay, New York and Rhode Island 
excused themselves from doing it; and therefore M' 
Sliirley represented that there seemed to be but two 
Methods of Acting, either to give the Men Certificates 
of what Pay was due to 'em, to entitle them to receive 
it when the Parliament should have made Provision 


for that Purpose, or else to take up Money of the Mer- 
chants upon Bills drawn upon the Pay- master General 
of His Majesty's Forces, payable when the afore-men- 
tioned Provision should be made by Parhament; the 
former of which he apprehended would be a.ttended 
with many Inconveniencies, expose the Men to great 
Impositions, and by no means prevent their Com- 
plaints; and therefore he thought the latter most advi- 
sable, as liable to the fewest Objections. 

And We must observe to your Lordships, 'that as M' 
Shirley and M' Knowles sent Extracts of the Duke of 
Newcastle's Letter, soon after the Peceipt of it, to the 
Governors of the other Colonies, by which it was evi- 
dent to them, that the Account of the whole Expence 
of the Expedition was to be adjusted and liquidated, 
and laid before Parliament, before Provision was to be 
made for the Payment of Bills to be drawn on that 
Account, that should have regulated the Tenor of their 
Bills: And M' Shirley has further represented to 'Us, 
that it was pubhckly known that M!" Knowles and he 
were of Opinion, that in case any of the Governors 
could not pay off the Soldiers raised within their respec- 
tive Governments by borrowing Credit of their Assem- 
blies, as His Majesty recommended to them, but should 
be obliged to borrow Money from the Merchants to do 
it, and draw pubhck Bills for the Re-payment, they 
should insist upon drawing their Bills in the same 
Tenor with that of his, and were refused that at all 
Events he should not draw Bills of any other Tenor. 

[Here follows the Account of the Charges of the 
Colonies of Massachusets, &c.] 

Vf e shall now proceed to the Accounts of the four 
other Colonies whose Troops rendezvoused at Albany 
under the Command of Governor Clinton, & shall first 
lay before youi- Lordships the Account of the Charges 


which have arisen in His Majesty's Colony of New 
Jersey on the intended Expedition, a Copy wliereof 
is hereunto annexed, containing the Charge of Cloath- 
ing, Arms, Batteaux, Tents, Stores, and other inciden- 
tal Expences distinguished under each of these Heads, 
amounting in the whole to £s74s.4 Proclamation 
Money, for which tlie said Colony has drawn a Bill 
upon your Lordships for £5302.1. Sterling. 

The Truth of this Account is sworn to before the 
Governor of that Province, by Commissioners appointed 
for purchasing the aforementioned Articles, and that 
the said Articles were bought at the cheapest Rates. 

We must howevei- acquaint your Lordships, that M' 
Shirley in his Liquidation of this Account, a Copy of 
which Liquidation is hereunto annexed, observes, that 
the Cost of the Arms and Accoutrements, which 
amounts in the said Account to £2310.1.7 Proclama- 
tion Money, is after the Rate of about £4.7 Proclama- 
tion Money per Man; which, when reduced into New- 
England Currency of the old Tenor, is more tlian 
double the Cost of the Arms and Accoutrements pro- 
vided for the Troops raised in the Province of the 
Massachusets Bay: But as the aforementioned Com- 
missioners had attested, upon Oath, that they were 
bought at the cheapest Rates, and as M' Belcher had 
also certified that all the proper Vouchers were exhib- 
ited to him, M' Shirley has not thought proper to make 
any Deductions. 

We shall however, for your Lordship's Considera- 
tion and Judgement reduce this Article to the same 
Standard with that of the Province of the Massachu- 
sets Bay, no Reason appearing to Us for such Diifer- 

The Amount of the Charge for Ai'ms and Accoutre- 
ments in this Account is £2310.1.7 Proclamation 
Money of that Province, which is, in New England 
Currency of the old Tenor at the Rate of five for on(^, 


£11550.7.11 said Tenor; which bemg computed accord- 
ing to the Number of Men raised in this Province, 
being five Companies of an hundred Men each, is 
£28.2. old Tenor per Man, being £11.17.0 more than 
the Charge for the like article in the Province of the 
Massachusets Bay, and makes in the whole an Over- 
charge of £5937.10. old Tenor or £1187. 10 Proclamation 

With regard to the Cloathing M' Shirley observes, 
in his aforementioned Liquidation, that the Price 
thereof as charged in the Account, amounting to 
£-184r4. 3. ()| Proclamation Money, is after the Rate of 
£9.16. Proclamation Money per Man, which is, when 
reduced into New England Currency of the old Tenor, 
40 per Cf^nt more than the Cost of the Cloathing 
allowed to the Massachusets Troops: This, he observes, 
proceeds partly from the Charge of a Watch-coat and 
Blanket for each Soldier; neither of which Articles are 
charged for the Massachusets Soldiers, nor indeed for 
those of the otiier three Colonies of New England, the 
Watch -coat not being allowed to the Soldiers, and the 
Bkmkets allowed as part of the Bounty given them by 
the Colonies. M' Shirley further observes, that these 
two Articles seem, by the Proclamation issued by the 
late President Hamilton the Commander in Chief of 
the Province for the Encouragement of Soldiers to 
enlist, a C-opy of which is hereunto annexed, to be 
provided in the last Paragraph but one as part of the 
Province Bounty, viz^ 6'' Proclamation per Man over 
and above the King's Pay, and a Watch-Coat and 
Blanket for each Man, which is known to be over and 
above the Cloathing allowed by the King; and M' Shir- 
ley takes notice that there is this further Circumstance, 
that this was done in pursuance of the Votes and Reso- 
lutions of the General Assembly, and seems plainly 
intended by them to be part of the Province Bounty. 

The Amount of this Article is £4844. 3. Of Procla- 


mation Money of th'it Province, which is eciual to 
£-24r,^22i). 17. yf New England Currency of the Old 
Tenor; which being computed according to the Num- 
ber of Men raised, reckoning them at 500, is £48. s. 10 
per Man, being £20. 11. 9 per Man old Tenor more 
than the Charge for the like Article in the Province of 
the Massacliusets Bay, and makes in the whole an 
Overcharge of £10293. 15. Old Tenor or £2058. 15. 
Proclamaticm Money. 

If however your Lordships should allow 5 per Cent 
upon the Cost of Arms and Cloathing, for the Charge 
of Freight from Boston wliere they miglit have been 
bought, whicli is the highest Computation that can be 
made, it will amonnt to £195. 8. said Currency, 

With respect to the Charge in this Account of £580. 
17. H for Batteaux to transport the Men from the 
Carrying Place across tlie Lake Champlain to Mon- 
treal, We must acquaint Your Lordships that M' Sliir- 
ley observes, that it is clear from an Act passed in tliis 
Province in 1740, for making current the Sum of 
£100,000 in Bills of Credit for the Service of this Ex])e- 
dition, a Copy whereof under the Seal of the Province 
is hereunto annexed, that His Majesty was to be made 
debtor for the Articles of Arms and Ciloathing only, 
and therefore that the aforementioned Sum of £5sr. 
17. Si ought not to be allowed, and (^specially as it 
seems to be His Majesty's Exi)ectation, by His i-ecom 
mending it to those Governments whose Troops wei'e 
to be transported by Sea to Quebec to provide Trans- 
ports at their own Expence, that the Governments 
whose Troops were destined to enter Canada by Land, 
should provide the necessary Batteaux for transporting 
them down Rivers and across Lakes which they were 
to pass. 

As to the Article of £258. 10. ?, said Currency, for 
Tents, M' Shirley is of Opinion it cannot come within 
the Cloathing for the Troops; which together with the 


Arms are the only two Articles which, by the express 
Terms of the aforementioned Act, his Majesty is made 
debtor for. 

We must acquaint your Lordships, that all the afore- 
said Particulars were provided, by the Commissioners 
appointed by the aforementioned Act for purchasing 
the Arms and Cloathing, in Consequence of Orders 
given them by M- President Hamilton, and were also 
delivered to the Officers of each of the five Companies 
respectively, as will more fully appear from the said 
Orders and the Receipts of said Officers hereunto 
annexed: But it does not appear to Us that the Arms 
have been returned for His Majesty's Use, pursuant 
to the Regulations prescribed by M' Shirley. 

M' Shirley is also of Opinion that the following Sum, 
included in the Incidental Charges, should be disal- 
lowed, viz' £96. 5. paid to Captain Hart, 

On this Article M' Shirley observes, that it appears 
plainly groundless. But as the Reason of this Charge 
does not appear upon the Face of the Account itself, 
it will be proper to observe to your Lordships, that the 
Company raised by the said Captain Hart having been 
brought by him to Perth Amboy in the said Province, 
the Council were of Opinion it should be recommended 
to Governor Clinton to provide for it upon the New 
York Establishment; and accordingly they made 
immediate Apphcation to M"" Clinton for that purpose, 
but until they should receive an Answ^er, they were of 
(Jpinion that the said Companies should be subsisted 
at nine Pence per Day per Man, and also to have £10, 
to induce them to continue together, out of the Money 
issued for Arms and Cloaths; and accordingly the 
Commissioners were directed to pay it, as will appear 
to your Lordships from N" 2: But We must submit to 
your Lordships how far this is a proper Charge. We 
must also acquaint your Lordships, that the several 
Articles under the Head of Stores, amounting to £49. 


10. 7 said Currency do not appear to Us to have been 
made a Charge or allowed of in any other of the Colo- 
nies, and therefore We see no Reason why they should 
not be deducted from this; as also the Suqi of £s7. 11. 
1 1 1 said Currency, charged under the Head of Inci- 
dental Cliarges for Freight of Goods, Arms, &c. and 
Store-houses Hire. M' Shirley further observes, in his 
aforementioned Observations, that the Article of £71. 
IS. 4. for printing the Bills of Credit, and £53 paid to 
the Signers and Press Inspectors, being for Charges of 
Printing, Signing and Inspecting the Bills of Credit, 
the Circulation of which the Colony was to have the 
Benefit of till they were paid off, are without founda- 
tion; and We must also acquaint your Lordships that 
these two Articles are also objected to by M' Belcher 
tlie Governor of the said Province, as will a])pear to 
your Lordships from an Extract of his Letter to Us, 
dated the 5^" of Feb^ 1747-s. 

M'. Shirley likewise objects to the fourth Article of 
£H0 for the Medicine Chest, which is expressly provid- 
ed for in the 11"' Paragraph of the aforementioned Act 
at the Colony's Expence, as appears beyond Contra- 
diction by the Title of the Act, and also by the seventh 
and eighth Paragraphs in it, which declare, that the 
Expences therein mentioned should he defrayed out of 
the Interest Money arising from the Loans of the Bills 
of Credit of the Colony, &c. and is comprised in a dis- 
tinct Act from that which provides for defraying the 
Expence of the Cloathing and Arms that was to be 
reimbursed by His Majesty. 

As to the Article of £122. 7. lo said Currency chai-ged 
for Commissions, M' Shirley observes, that tho' it is 
clear that the Gentlemen who were appointed Com- 
missioners for this Business are well intitled to it by 
virtue of the Act by which they were appointed, yet it 
may be well questioned, whether it is properly charged 
to the Crown by the Government of New Jersey, not 


only as a part of those Commissions are charged upon 
Money disbursed for Articles which should not be 
placed to the Account of His Majesty, but also Com- 
missions are not allowed even for the Arms and 
Cloathing of any of the Troops raised within the four 
Governments of New England, and therefore M' Shir- 
ley deducts this Article. 

The several aforementioned Articles objected to 
amount in the whole to £4926. 6. 3^ Proclamation 
Money, and reduces the Balance of this Account to 
£3S22, 1 . Of said Money To which however the Sum of 
.£H>5. 8. being the Allowance of 5 per Cent for Freight 
on the Cost of the Arms and Cloathing, being added 
to the Sum hquidated will be £4017. 9... | Proclamation 

As to the proper Rate of Exchange for regulating 
the New Jersey Account, it is observed by M' Shirley, 
that they made use of three different Currencies in it, 
the New York Currency valued at 7/4 per oz, the East 
Jersey Currency at cS/- per oz. and the West Jersey 
Currency, which they call in their Account Proclama- 
tion Money, and is valued at 0/10 pei' Ounce, all which 
is reduced into Proclamation Money, in which Cur- 
rency the Balance of the Account is formed. 

That upon Enquiry, he finds the West Jersey Ex- 
change is constantly regulated by that of Philadelphia, 
which, in the year 1746, was from ISO to 1H5 for £lo<> 
Sterling, in private Bills of Exchange payable in Lon- 
don, as the Exchange of New York Currency was at 
the same time from 190 to 195 for £100 Sterling in like 
Bills: And this Calculation nearly agrees with the 
Rule made use of, in the Account itself, for computing 
the Difference between the New- York Currency and 
Proclamation Money, and the East Jersey Currency 
and Pi'oclamation Money; so that upon the whole it 
seems to be an equal Exchange, between the Crown 
and the Province, to settle Proclamation Money at 180 


for £1<»0 sterling ; according to which Rate the afore- 
mentioned Sum of £4017. 1>. Of Proclamation Money 
amounts in Sterling to £2331. 18 4^. As to the bill 
drawn upon your Lordships by the said Colony, it 
does not appear to Us to have been paid. 

M' Shirley further observes, that in settling the Ex- 
change of the Bills drawn by this and the other Pro- 
vincial Governments, he has governed himself by the 
Price given for private Bills of Exchange at the time 
when the Expences for which these Pul)lick Bills were 
drawn were incurred, without making any Allowance 
for the Delay of Payment, which he thinks a just Rule 
between them and the Crown, for all which those 
Governments do in this case is lending the Crown 
their Credit, by issuing a Quantity of their Paper 
Bills, which circulate within their respective Colonies 
till Payment is made by the Government at Home, 
and then the Bills of C-redit are drawn back into the 
Treasury, l)y being exchanged for the Silver remitted 
them from England, So that the Province or Colony 
suffers nothing by the Delay of Payment, there being 
no Tax laid upon the People to discharge the Debt l)e- 
fore Payment is made by the Crown ; wherefore they 
have no just Demand for an Allowance in the Price of 
Exchange on that Account as the Merchant has, who 
advances his private Cash out of his Stock in Trade 
and must suffer by the Delay of Payment: For which 
reason the Mei'chants ever insist upon an Allowance in 
the Price of publick Bills of Exchange, even of those 
for the Payment of which an Establishment is pro- 
vided by Parliament, and a much larger in Cases 
where there is no Fund i)rovided. 

We must further acquaint your Lordships, that two 
Memorials, copies whereof are hereunto annexed, 
have been presented unto Us by M'J Partridge Agent 
for the said Province, containing his Reply to the Ob- 
jections made by M' Shirley to the several Articles in 




the Account: But as M'. Shirley's Objections appear to 
be just and reasonable and founded upon His Majesty's 
Orders, We see no reason to depart therefrom. 

With respect to the Pay of the Troops raised in this 
Province for the intended Expedition, We must ac- 
quaint your Lordships, that they rendezvoused at Al- 
bany under the Command of Governor Clinton, and 
the Charge thereof is included in his Account. 

An Account of the Expences which have arisen in 
the Province of New Jersey on the intended Expe- 
dition against Canada liquidated and adjusted. 

To sundry Disbursements for Arms, 
Clonthing, Tents, Bateaux. Stores 
and othei' contingent Charges for 
the five Companies of one hundred 
men each, raised in the said Prov- 
ince for the intended Expedition... 

[Then follows the Account for Maryland, Pennsyl- 
vania, Virginia, together with Merchants' Petition, 
Col" Waldo's Memorial, Col" Dwight's Petition, I'apt" 
Goldthwaite's Memorial, and Petitions and Memorials 
referred by the Duke of Bedford.] 

We are, my Lords, 

Your Lordships most Obedient 

and most humble Servants. 
Whitehall } Dunk Halifax 

Feb^ 28'" lUd-Di) \ J. Pitt 

J. Grenville 
W. Pitt Dupplin 

H. Fox. Fran: Fane. 


Memorial of Robert Hunter Morris, Esq., coDipletining 
of the Injustice of the Assembly of New Jersey, in 
7^efusing to pay the Arrears of Salary due to the 
late Governor of the said Province, his Father, 
and desiring relief therein. 

[From P. R, O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G 51.] 

To The n' HoiV^'*' The Lords Com'-^ For Trade 
& Plantations 

The Memorial of Robert Hunter Morris, Execu- 
tor of the Last Will of Lewis Morris, Esqi^, 
late Gov- of New Jersey, 


That Your Lordships were pleased, by Your Letter 
of NovV 25, 1748, to recommend, in the strongest Man- 
ner, to W. Belcher, His Majesty's present Governor of 
New Jersey, to procure Payment to be made, to the 
Family of the said late Gov'', of the Salary that was 
due to him, and in Arrear, at the Time of his Death. 

That W. Belcher did, on the 5'." Day of October 1740, 
by Message, recommend to t]ie House of Assembly, 
the Payment of the said Arrears, but they, in Answer 
thereto, refused to make any Provision for tliat Pui'- 
pose, and assigned forRea,son, sundry Charge-; against 
the said late Goveinor's Conduct in the Administration 
of the Government, Part of which C*onduct had 
received Your Lordshii)s express Approbation, and the 
Residue of which C-harges, Your Memorialist is fully 
capable of giving satisfactory and immediate Ansvvcis 
to, should Your Lordships think it neGessar}^ 

Th(d tlie true Causes of the Resentment of the As- 
sembly, towards the late Governor, were, his Refusal 


to assent, to a Bill for making 40,000^ Paper Mony, The 
Stand which he resolutely made, ag'' their Encroach- 
ments upon the Prerogative of the Crown, and his 
constant Endeavours to keep them within the Bounds 
of their Duty. 

That notwithstanding the strong Recommendations 
of this Matter from Your Lordships, Your Memorialist 
is sorry to say, that the said Arrears of Salary, are still 

Your Memorialist therefore, relying upon Your 
Lordships Justice to the Family of an injured Servant 
of the Crown, who spent a long Life, and a considera- 
ble Fortune, in his Majesty's Service, Humbly prays 
Your Lordships would afford such Relief in the Prem- 
ises, as Your Lordships may think adequate. 

March 5V' 1749 [-50] 

Rob7 H: Morris. 

Additional State of Facts relating to the Riots in 
New Jersey— received from Mr. Morris March 
IZth, 1749-50." 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G 38.J 

(N" 1.) The Assembly Still refusing to afford aid to 
the Gov': the Rioters Continued their unlawful p/Ytc- 
tices & On the 23'' of May 1749 a Riot was committed 
in the County of Bergen when the fences of one Cors- 
parus Pryyer were pulled up and cut down, soon after 
which viz in the Month of June 1749 a Scheme was 
formed By the Traitors Rioters and their friends to 
have Courts held in the County of Essex for the Tryal 
of those persons that were accused of Treason or riots 

1 For previous " State of Facts," see page 207 of this volume.— Ed. 


well Knowing that Impartial Jurys could not be had 
in the said County and with intention to have the sev- 
eral (N" 3. 3.) Criminals Acquitted and to this end, 
application was made to M!" Alexander one of the 
Council and M'' Morris Chief Justice and one of the 
Council to know if they would advise the Issuing a 
Commission for that purpose, to which it was Answer- 
ed by W: Alexander that he thought it dangerous for 
any Councilor to Advise such a Commission after the 
resolves of the Council in December 1748 as an im- 
partial Jury could not be got in that County, and if 
such could be had, and any of Traitors were convicted 
the rioters would never Suffer a Judgment to ha Ex- 

(N^' 4.) On the Night of the 15 of July 1741) the riot- 
ers Broke open the Goal of the County of Essex and 
took from thence Aron Ball and Theophilus Burwill 
who Stood committed for High Tr(3ason, and set them 
at Liberty. 

On the first part of August following the rioters 
having notice that a writ of Possession was to be 
Executed in the C-ounty of Middlesex they Assein- 
{ bled at the place to the Number of about 4(t with 
Simon Wycoff (one indicted of High treason) at 
their Head and prevented the Sheriff from Execu- 
ting the writ 

Minutes C)n the 35 of September 1740 the Gen' As- 
ofye semlily met at Perth Aniboy, and on the 2s, 
b&emjy ^j^^ Qov!' in a Spccch to them strongly recom- 
mends tlie putting a Stop to the disturbances, telling 
them, they had been deaf to all he could say to them 
on that Head. On the 13 and 17 of October 1740 
Sundry Affidavits Examinations and Letters were laid 
Minutes l>yfore the Council, By which it api)ears, that 
of couufii. the Slierif of the County of Somerset, (N"13.) 
having return'd on the Grand Jury one of those in- 
dicted for Treason, He was by the Court dismissed 


from the Grand Jury, and order'd to be committed, 
but tJie Sheriff and his Officers refused to take him 
into Custody, but suffer'd him to go away. — This mat- 
ter was by the Council laid before the Gov'." 

(N° 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.) By the said depositions it further 
appears that the rioters were so far from having any 
inclination to return to their duty, that Tho they 
apply'd to the Justices and free holders chosen for the 
County of Essex to interceed with the Gov'' for a Coqi- 
mission of Oyer and Terminer yet they refused to Sign 
a petition promising Submission to the Court. — and 
that about one third of the People of the County of 
Essex are rioters, and many more favourers of them, 
that three fifths of the rioters hold their Lands by 
surveys and Patents under the proprietors, that one 
other fifth have no Land at all, nor any claim to any, 
either by Indian Purchase or proprietary title, and that 
this fifth do the greatest mischief by destroying the 
timber upon the Lands of others, and get their Living 
Chiefly by the plunder of other Mens Estates. That 
of the remaining fifth part two thirds set down on 
Lands without any title or leave from any Body, and 
lately soon before, or since the rioting began have 
acquired Indian Deeds; — and that not above one third 
part of the said remaining fifth part settled originally 
on pretence of Indian Deeds. — 

(N? 6, T) it further appears that theris scarcely a 
Man in the County of Essex but what is related by 
Blood or Marriage to some one or other of the rioters. 

(N" 5) Soon after the Meeting of the Assembly on 
the 25 of Sep* 1749 the scheme for trying and acquit- 
ing the Traitors in the County of Essex, was renew'd 
and the Assembly took part in the scheme as will 
appear by wiiat follows 

(N" 5. 10) By the Examinations laid before the 
Council on the 17 of Oct' 1749 it appears, that Burr- 
well, and Ball the two Prisoners mentioned to be res- 


cued from Essex Goal, were persevaded to return to 
their confinement and Petition for a tryal, and were 
told that it was the desire of the Assembly that they 
should do so, it also appears that a Meeting was had at 
the House of Joseph Roberts, on the ♦'» of October when 
the said Ball and Burrvvell, with others of the rioters, 
and Joseph Camp a Member of the Assembly were 
Present; That the said Ball and Burrwell, then Sign'd 
three petitions to the Gov'.' Council, and Assembly, 
praying that they might have their tryals. 

By the Minutes of Council of the 17 of Oc^ 174!) it, 
appears that Joseph Camp a Member of the Assembly 
Brouglit a Petition from the said Ball & Buii'well to 
the (^<Kmcil which he Acknowledged to have received 
from them they not being in Goal. 

On the 10 of Oc' 1740 a Petition of Theophilus Burr- 
well, and Aron Ball was read in the House of Assem- 
bly setting forth that they were committed to the Goal 
of the County of Essex on a Charge of Treason and 
having layn there near three Months & having no 
hopes of coming to tryal it Induced them to Escape 
from their confinement Through the aid of others But 
being convinced that such Escapes were Illegal and be- 
ing willing to take their Tryal they had submitted 
themselves to confinement again, and praying the 
House to introduce them so far into his Exelencys 
Favour as for them to have an immediate Tryal. 

Upon the second reading of this Petition on the 14 of 
October the House of Assembly ordered two of their 
Members, (of which the said Joseph Camp was one) to 
w^aite on the Gov'.' and acquaint him that the House 
humbly pray'd him to issue a Commission for holding 
the Court of Oyer & Terminer and general Goal deliv- 
ery in the County of Essex, for trying the prisoners 
confined there for High Treason, and other Criminals 
in the said County. 

The Gov', having on the 12 & 14 of October, laid be- 


fore the Council a Petition to him from the said Barr- 
well and Ball of the same purport of that presented to 
the Assembly, the said Message from the Assembly, 
and the 40"' Article of His Majesty's Instructions, and 
desired their advice upon the same; 

They on the '20 of the same Month deliver'd their ad- 
vice and opinion in writing sign'd by Six of them in 
the Substance follov^ing. 

That having consider'd the several papers referred to 
them by the Gov!" they beg'd leave to lay before him 
for his consideration the resolves of the Council of the 
12 of December 

These last which were Communicated to the Assem- 
bly and appear in their printed Minutes of the 13 of the 
Same Month, they also assure the Gov'.' that they were 
far from having any reason to change their opinion 
Express VI in those resolves, 

But many things to confirm them in it, Such as the 
growth of the number of the rioters, naturally to be 
expected from the Assiduity of their Heads, and the 
Encouragement given them by the refusal of the then 
Assembly to do anything against tliem, and by the last 
& present Sessions of Assembly Absolutely refusing 
and declining to raise any Money for Guarding the 
Goals, or to bring them to tryal in other County s 
where fair and impartial Jurys could be had. 

That the Growth of the Rioters was Also Naturally 
to be Expected from their continuing to plunder other 
Mens Estate, and the hopes of a Share of the Booty, 
would Naturally induce all the Vagabonds of that and 
the Neighbouring Provinces to inlist with them, and 
sign their Combinations. 

The Council further observe that from the Deposi- 
tions laid before the Council on the 17"' it was easy to 
see, the improbality that two Lawful Jurys could be 
found in the County of Essex. And upon the whole 
they humbly advis'd the Gov' not to grant the Com- 


mission requested until His Majestys pleasure was 

On the l-i of October 1740 the House of Assembly 
made a long Address to the Gov'.' in answer to liis 
Speech of the 28 of Sep' wherein they attempt to Jus- 
tifie themselves and former Assemblys for not Acting 
with vigour against the rioters But make no promises 
of doing anything but persvvading the rioters to return 
to their duty; which they say they have some reason 
to expect will be Effected. 

The Council having made some Amendments to the 
Bill sent up by the House Assembly for the Support of 
the Government the Assembly on the 18 of October 
1749 resolved that the Council had no right to amend 
any Money Bill whatever and therefore rejected the 
said Amendments and sent the Council a Message that 
they Look'd upon the Amending the said Bill to be a 
Manifest infringment upon the rights and priviledges 
of the House of Assembly and those they represented 
& having printed the Amendments in their Votes of 
the 'lo of 0(^* they on the same dtiy sent a Message to 
the Gov"" acquainting him that the Council had pro- 
ceeded in such manner, as to obstruct the passing the 
Bill for Sup])ort of Government which put it out of 
their ]>ower to do it at that time without giving up the 
Libertys of the people, & therefore desire the Gov^ 
would be pleased to dismiss them; and the Gov!' ac- 
cordingly on the same day prorogued, them to the 30 
of Nov'' without their having done any one thing or 
even proposed any thing to put an end to the disorders 
of the Province. 

On the of Novr last a Number of the rioters came 
together to the House of Abraham Phillips, & having 
by threats & abuses driven him and his family from 
the House, they in the night broke down the door t(^ok 
off part of the roof of the House removed his goods 
out of doors & burnt some stacks of Grain & flax fir- 
ing several guns while they were about it. — 


Deposition of M- Morris that no Eiots were com- 
mitted on Ace* of any Action brought by 

Robert Hunter Morris being duly Sworn on the 

Holy Evangelists on his Oath doth declare that he has 

been informed and Believes that a Riot was committed 

in the County of Essex upon an Action Brought by 

the Dep? as Devisee in trust of the Estate of Richard 

Ashfield And the Dep* Further saith that of all the 

Other Riots committed in New Jersey within five 

Years last past He never Heard nor does he believe 

tliat any one of them was — Committed on any Action 

brought by this Dep: or on any Action brought for or 

Concerning any Land Estate Claim or property of iiis 

in his own right Either alone or as tenant in Common 

with others, and the Dep* further saith that He does 

not remember ever to have brought any Action, for 

any trespass committed on any Lands belonging to 

Him in his own Right tho the Rioters have made great 

wast of the Timber upon his Lands and further saith 


RoBf H: Morris 

Westminster to wit Sworn before me this 5'.'' day 

of March 1749-50 

John Vpton 

Preamble to an Ac* passed in New Jersey for 
avoiding Actions of Slander. Nov^'' 1747. 
Reced from Mi: Morris March, 18, 1749-50 

At a Sessions of Assembly which begun at Burling- 
ton on the 17"' of November 1747, The Rioters had fall 
Lil)erty, and did lay their Grievances and Complaints 
before the Legislature, and tho the Assembly as 
appears by their Conduct in that and the next imme- 


diate Sessions, were very much attach'd to tlie Rioters, 
and v^eiy inclinable to favour tliem: yet //^rtf Assembly 
were of opinion that the Rioters had no cause to com- 
plain, As appears by the preamble to an Act pass'd in 
that Session for avoiding Actions of Slander, in the 
following words. 

• }\lierras within thi-ee Years last past many and 
'great Riots and disorders have been committed within 
' this Colony by Multitudes of People on pretence that 
'they labourVl under Grievances and oppressions 

' And Whereas the Several Branches of the Legisla- 
' ture, at their present Session met and Assembled 
' together, Heartily disposed to enquire into the said 
' G rievances and o])pres3ions, and to give relief ther(4n 
' as far as in them lay, upon mature deliberation do 
' not find, But that the matters Complained of are 
' remedial)le in His Majesty's Courts of Justice of Law 
' and Equity, which are open to all, and to which the 
' CVimplainers might have had recourse. — 

Copy of Chief Justice Morris's Opinion given 
in Councill, against passing the Act of 
General Pardon 12''^ of Feb^ 1747 Reced 
from M'" Morris March 13 1749[50] 

The Act of General Pardon, now under Our Consid- 
eration, I think, consists of two Parts; The one is, to 
pardon all those Persons that have been concerned in, 
or are guilty of, any of the late Ryots, or Insurrec- 
tions, in this Pi'ovince; The other is, to stop & suspend 
all Process & Proceedings, against those psons that are 
already indicted for High Treason, or such as may, 
hereafter, be accused of that Crime, until, and to the 
Intent, His Majestys Pleasure may be known. 

I look upon this to be a Matter of very great Impor- 
tance, perha])s the greatest that ever yet was under the 


Consid" of the Council of New Jersey, And, therefore, 
wish that Things had been so managed, as to have 
brought this Affair hefore us earher in the Sessions, 
tliat we might have had the greater Time to weigh, & 
consider, what was proper to be done; however, I shall 
deliver my Opinion & Advice, upon the Matter, in as 
clear a Man'er as the Shortness of the Time, & my 
Abilitys, will permit. 

I am clearly of the Opinion, that, by His Majesty's 
Comission to his Excell''. under the Great Seal of 
Great Britain, his Exc^'. has full Power & Auth'ity to 
extend his Majesty s Mercy, by a General Pardon, to 
all those that have been concerned in the late Ryots & 
Insurrections within this C*olony; Provided the Crimes, 
of which they stand accused, do not amo* to High 
Treason or Murder; These being the only Crimes ex- 
cepted, in that Clause of the Royal Comm" which gives 
Power to extend his Majestys Mercy. 

But I do not think it, by any Means, prudent, or ad- 
viseable, in His Excellency, to use the Power, so given, 
in the Manor proposed by the General Pardon before 
us, till the Legislature, now sitting, have made Pro- 
vision, effectually to sti^engthen the Hands of His Maj- 
estys Government, so as to enable them to protect the 
Persons & Estates of the People of the Province, & to 
carry into Execution the Laws of the Land; When 
that is done, in a Manner satisfactory to the Govern- 
ment, Then & not before, I humbly conceive it will be 
prudent & adviseable, in his Excellency, to grant & 
exend his Maj^--'« Gracious Mercy, to the Persons con- 
cerned in the said late Riots, which will then, in my 
Opinion, tend, very much, to restoring the Peace of 
the Province As most of the Persons concerned are an 
ignorant People, encouraged & sett on by some artfuU 
& designing Men. 

^s to the Second Part of the Act of General Pardon, 
I must declare it as my Judgem' & Opinion, That 

lTr)0] Ar»>trxr:sTRATTox of governor belotier. 411 

neither by His Majestys Commission, nor by the Ar- 
ticle of the Royal Instructions, now communicated, 
has his Excellency any Power, or Authority, to sus- 
pend the Process, or stop the Proceedings, in Cases of 
Hirjh Treason. The Powers of pardoning, given by 
the Commission, are full, as to all Crimes, but Treason 
& Murder, wch being expressly reserved & excepted, 
no Construction, in my Opinion, Can possibly extend 
the Words so as to give Power to suspend or stop the 
Proceed-* in those Cases, which will, in Effect, be par- 
doning; as the Partysare (& 'tis intended shall remain) 
at full Lil)erty, & may remove themselves, & their 
Effects, to another Part of the World, long before his 
Majestys Pleasure can be known. 

As to the Instruction, now comunicated, it is cer- 
tainly a very good one. And, among many otliers, 
shews his Majestys Great Care, & paternal Affection, 
fo]' these his remote Dominions, But, I think, there is 
nothing, contained in it, that can be construed to give 
a Power to do what is now })roposed. 

The material Words are 

''And, if any Thing shall happen that maybe of 
'' Advantage & Security to Our Said Province, which 
" is not herein, or by our Commission to you, provided 
''for, we do, herel)y, allow, unto you, with the Advice 
" cSt Concent of Our Council, to take Order, for the 
'' present, therein &c. 

This Instruction seems to me justly calculated to 
impower the Governor to act for the Advantage & 
Secui'ity of the Province, in extraordinary Cases, 
wherein the Comm" & Instructions are Sileid; But, 
in my humble Opinion, was nevei' intended, nor can it 
be constructed, to extend to things expressly provided 
for by the Commission, which tlie Powers of pardon- 
ing & reprieving are, so far as his Majesty intended 
they should be used; And as the Power of pardoning 
Treason, is there, expressly reserved and excepted, I 


cannot think the General Words, in the Instruction 
were intended to give a Power, contradictoiy to the 
Commission. And I conceive that, as the Kmgs In- 
structions receive their greatest Force, from the Com- 
mission, under the great Seal, So, the granting the 
Suspension proposed, under the Powers given by that 
Instruction, will be doing an Act, by Vertue of the 
Royal Commission, which that very Comm" prohibits 
& excepts, in express Words, 

Having declared my Sentiments, that His Excellency 
has no Poiver, by his Commission, or Instructions, to 
grant the Suspension proposed, it will l)e needless to 
enter far, into the Legality of tying up the Hands of 
the Courts of Law, in such Cases; which seems to me 
to be stopp'g the ordinary Course of the Laws, & ex- 
ercising, little less than a dispensing Power, not war- 
ranted by the Constitution. 

How far it will be prudent, & adviseable, in his Ex- 
cellency, to grant the Suspension proposed, if he had 
Power, is next to be considered, and greatly depends 
upon the State & Circumstances of the Province, 
which is very well known, to every one, here present, 
& therefore need not be mentioned But certain it is, 
that Things would never have gone the Lengths they 
have done, if the Legislature had interposed, wlien 
this Rebellion was Yoimg, &, before it had come to its 
Maturity; Nor, need it now continue longer, if they 
will exert themselves in Support of his Maj"^-'* Authority 
&o the Laws of the Land. 

In my humble Opinion, the Province is not in such 
Circumstances, as to make it prudent, or adviseable, in 
the Government, to stretch their Power in Favour of 
a few People, who have thrown off their Allegiance: 
There is Power & Strength, enough, in the Province, 
to put the Laws in Execution, His Excellency, with 
the Council & Assembly, can, if they will, presently 
put a Stop to those Disoi'ders; &, were they once in- 


dined, these daring People would, presently, sneak in 
to their hiding Places, & not venture to show them- 
selves in Opposition to the Government; But, while we 
want Inclin'^ And, while these People know that we do, 
All the mild Measures proposed will be ineffectual, and 
only tend to bring the Government into greater Con- 

Had these daring Disturbers not been countenanced, 
by some Men of Note, had they not depended upon the 
Supjiort & Protection of People, much above them- 
selves, they never would have ventured, thus, to have 
flown in the Face of his Majestys Government, & to 
have thrown off their Allegiance. Had they laboured 
under any Injustice or Oppression they have had full 
Liberty, and have layd their Complaints before the 
Assembly, too many of whom want not Inclinations in 
their Favour; And, as they have been fully heai'd, & 
no Instance of Oppression or Injustice, made out, even 
to the Satisfaction of the Assembly it must be pre- 
sumed their Complaints are only Clamour, designed to 
draw in weak & unwary People to joyn them, in their 
unlawfull Practices. 

The above, is my Oidnion, & Advice, which is 
humbly submitted to his Excellency. 

R. H. MuRKis. 

M!' Alexander's Deposition concerning the Ryots. 
28^' Octo''."" 1740. Eec^^ from M' Paris. Jan'ry 
8^' 1749-50. 

James Alexander, Esq?" being duely Sworn, on the 
Holy Evangelists, (m his Oath doth Declare, That, ever 
Since the fourteenth day of April 174!>, when John 
Smyth made oath of the delivery, to Joseph Day, of 
the papers, in his Affidavit of that date, mentioned, 
No application has been made, to this Deponent, by 


Francis Spier, or any of the people Settled on the thir- 
teen thousand five hundred acre Tract, at Horseneck, 
belonging to Robert Hunter Morris Esq' and this De- 
ponent, nor by any of the Rioters Committee, or any 
other person, for Entering into proper Securities, as is 
mentioned in the Said Morris and Alexander's Letter, 
to Wheeler and others, the Rioters Committee, men- 
tioned in Said Affidavit; Nor hath any Powers, to Act 
for the Said jieople, been produced, to this Deponent. 
And the Deponent further Saith, that a friend of the 
Deponents, happening to be in the Supream Court at 
Burlington, in May last, acquainted this Deponent, 
that a Rule was made, for Assigning an Attorney, and 
Council, to Francis Sj^ier, in a Cause on the Demise of 
Morris and this Deponent; But this Deponent never 
had any notice of that Rule, from Francis Spier, nor 
any person or persons, whatsoever, on his behalf, 
before or after the making of it. And This Deponent 
Says, that no Such Cause was ever Commenced, or in 
being, as the Said Rule mentioned, That this Deponent 
Remembers. And further Saith that, tho' the Supream 
Court Sat, at Perth Amboy, in August last, yet, this 
Deponent hath not heard of any proceedings, by the 
Said Francis Spier, or any persons for him, in Conse- 
quence of that Rule, made at Burlington, other than 
the mention made of it, in the Address, of the Assem- 
bly of New Jersey, to Governor Belcher, presented on 
the 14"' instant. And this Deponent further Saith, 
That, Since the Said fourtenth day of April last, 
he hath not heard, nor does he believe, that any ap- 
plication, whatsoever, hath been made, to the Attor- 
ney, or any of the Council, of the Said Morris and of 
this Deponent, by Francis Spier, or any of the persons 
aforesaid, or any in their behalf, for the purpose afore- 
said. And the Deponent further Saith that. Since the 
fourteenth of April aforesaid, he hath not heard, nor 
does he believe, that any application, whatsoever, hath 
been, to the Council of Proprietors of East Jersey, or 


their Attorney, or Council, by the Committee of the 
Rioters, or any of them, or any in their behalf, for 
Entering Francis Spier, or any other. Defendant to the 
Action of Ejectment, mentioned in the letter of the Said 
Council of proprietors to John CV)ndict and Nathaniel 
Camp, Committee men, dated the tenth day of April 
last, delivered to the Said Joseph Day, as by the Affi- 
davit aforesaid of John Smyth appears. And the 
Deponent further Saith, That, of (/// the many Riots, 
Connnitted in New Jersey, within five years last past, 
he never, to his Remembrance, heard, nor does he 
believe, That any one of them was Committed on any 
Action brought for, or Concerning, any Land, Estate 
claim or Property of his alone, or of his and any other 
person or j)ersons m Company with hint. And this 
Deponent further Says that he does not Remember, to 
have ever heard, nor does he Know, or believe, that 
any Riot was Committed, or Attempted to be Com- 
mitted, upon, for, or Concerning, any Lands that ever 
luas this Deponent's Sole Property; and never to his 
Remembrance heard, nor does he believe, that any 
Riot was Committed, within five years last past, upon 
any Lands, where this Deponent was joint Tenant, or 
Tenant in Common, with other Persons, Except the 
third memorable Riot, of the late Riots in New Jersey, 
Committed on the 5"' of August 1740, wherein Edward 
Jeffers, a Tenant, by leave of the General Pioprietors 
of East New Jersey, (of which Proprietors this Depo- 
nent is one) was threatened to l)e Clubbed out of 
possession, and, by those threats, was oblidged to give 
up half his possession, to the Riotei's, & Sul)mit, for 
Saving bread to himself and family, to Accept of a 
Lease, from one of those Rioters, for the other half. 
And this Dejjonent further Saith that he does not Re- 
member to have heard, nor does he t)elieve^ that any 
Actual Attempt was ever made, to Committany Riots, 
or to turn any of the Tenants for Years, or at Will, of 


the Deponent, or of Mm and others in Company with 
him out of possession Except the Said Jeff ers, as afore- 
said, and Except Eobert Sherrard, a Tenant for years 
under Collanell Dunstar and this Deponent; But has 
heard that there were three Attempts to turn the Said 
Robert Sherrard out of Possession, and that, at each of 
which Attempts, there were about one hundred or 
more Rioters, mett, at, or near, bound Brook, a few 
miles distant from his Plantation; and that, upon the 
News, that their Scouts brought, each time, that CoUo- 
nell Dunstar, and a few more, were upon the Planta- 
tion of Sherrard, ready to receive them, with fire 
Arms, and to kill as many as they Could of them; they, 
each of the said three times, dispersed, and did not per- 
petrate the Riot & forceble Entry and Ejectment upon 
Sherrard, That they had, from many distant places of 
the Province, each of those three times, mett, to Com- 
mitt. And this Deponent further Saitli that, of the 
many Tenants for Years, paying Considerable yearly 
Rents, on the Lands of this Deponent, and on the 
Lands of his and other persons, in Company with him, 
which Tenants for years are many Scores, if not some 
hundreds, in Number, he has not heard, nor does he 
believe, there is one (Except the Said Jeffers) who, by 
any threats, or fears, or by any of the Artifices of the 
Rioters, often used towards them, has been prevailed 
upon to Join their Combinations, or to yield up their 
possessions to them, or be unfaithfull to this Deponent, 
or other their Lessors in Company with him; But, has 
often heard many of Them declare they were well pro- 
vided with fire Arms, powder and Shott, and were 
determined to kill as many as they could, of those 
who Should attempt to })reak open their Ikhiscs, and 
to turn them out of Possession; And this Deponent 
verily believes that those preparations, and the fre- 
quent and Repeated declarations, of those their Inten- 
tions, has preserved them, f I'om so much as a Single 
Attempt to turn any of them out of possession, except 


the Said Jeffers and Sherrard as aforesaid; while many 
others had their houses broken open, and were turned 
out of possession, by the Rioters, and are kept out of 
Possession, l)y them, to this day, and many others, 
})y their threats, and Artifices, In order to save their 
possessions, Entered into the Rioters Combinations. 
And this Deponent further saith that he verily 
believes, that the timber, by the Rioters Cutt, de- 
stroyed and Carried away, within four years last past, 
from the Lands which are his Sole Property, and his 
Share of the Timber Cut, destroyed and Carried away, 
from Lands which he holds in Company with others, 
is far upwards of one thousand pounds Sterling, value; 
Yet, this Deponent, hath during that time, declined 
giving those Trespassers and destroyers, any opposi- 
tion, and declined taking out any processes in Law, 
against them, where he had the least apprehension 
that there would be a Riot Committed upon the Exe- 
cution of any of thera: Ch using rather to Remain a 
Sufferer, till tlie Laws and peace of the Province could 
be Restored; Than that it Should be in the power of 
any person, with truth, to Say, that any Suit of this 
Deponent's, was the Occasion of a Riot; Tho' this 
deponent thinks he could not have been Justly Blamed, 
if he had Issued Such Processes, and if Riots had En- 
sued, upon the Execution of them. And this Depo- 
nent says, he verily believes, that the Same Conduct 
has l)een observed, by his Partners, as to all Lands 
they hold in Company with this Deponent. And this 
Deponent further Saith that he claims no Lands in 
New Jersey, but by and under the Grants of New 
Jersey, from King Charles the Second; That this De- 
l)onent is well Acquainted with the Records of East 
New Jersey, Since the Surrender thereof l)y the Dutch 
to King Charles the Second, having Read most of 
them. Several times over, and does not remember to 
have mett with any Evidence, that in all that time 


any other was adjudged a Lawfull title, in East New 
Jersey, by any Court of Justice therein, whatsoever; 
& all other pretences to lands, by the Concessions, 
made about the time of the Settlement of New Jersey, 
are declared Absolutely void; That he does not remem- 
l^er to have mett with any Evidence, of any breach of 
peace, with the Indians of East New Jersey, during 
all that time; Or that the Legislature of East New 
Jersey, while a Separate Governm*, or of New Jersey, 
before and since, were ever put to any Expense, what- 
soever, for preserving peace with the Indians thereof; 
That this Deponent never, to his Remembrance, mett 
with any Evidence in the Said Records that any Pro- 
prietor had ever maltreated any Indian or disturbed 
him in his possession of any Lands; but verily believes 
That the Proprietors of East New Jersey did always 
pay the Indians to theii' Satisfaction for any Just 
claim they had, before they entered on any Claim or 
Possession they had. And this Deponent further 
Saith that, before, at, and for many months after, he 
Joined in the purchase of the thirteen thousand five 
hundred acre tract, at Horseneck, from the Agents of 
the New Jersey Society, at London, he never, to his 
Remembrance, heard, that the people Settled on that 
Tract, made any pretention to the places they Settled 
on, by Verfue of any Indian Deeds ; And verily be- 
lieves, that ivhat Indian Deeds, if any, they have, are 
procured, Since, for Triffles, Contrary to the Acts of 
Assembly of 1683, which declare the acquiring Such, 
in the name of any others than the Proprietors, to be 
Criminal and Seditious, and the procurers to be Ene- 
mies to the publick peace, And Contrary to the Act of 
Assembly of 1703, which declares all Such to be void, 
and highly penal; And many believed that they had, 
all of Them, Settled on Those Lands, as many hun- 
dreds of other poor people have done, on the Lands of 
absent persons, to get bread for themselves and fami- 
lys, and in hopes, when the owners come, that they 


would Lease, or Sell them, the Lands, so settled upon; 
Neither hath this Deponent, to his Remembrance, 
heard, that any of them (before, or at, and for some 
months after, the time of the Survey of those Lands 
by Mess!^ Morris and Ogden in 1744) did pretend to 
have otherwise Settled, upon those Lands, Except a 
few, who had purchased under other Proprietors, 
whose Titles interfered, by mistake, with the Said 
Tract; All of which, Except one, this Deponent and 
partners, soon after. Confirmed in their purchases, 
upon agreements with the Representatives of the 
Vendors; That this Deponent has often Read the Rep- 
resentation of his, and partners proceedings, in that 
Affair, in the Proprietors first printed publication, 
from page 7. Col. 1. line 40, to page 10. Column 1. hne 
27., and verily believes it to be Just. And further 
this Deponent Saith not. 

Ja. Alexander. 
Sworn [The following interlineations being first made, 
Viz^ The words (Claim, and. East, out of Possession, 
or more, claim they had before they entered on any, 
or possession,] Before Cad wallader Golden Esq-, one 
of his Majesty's Council for the Province of New 
York, The twenty third day of October 1740. 

Cadwallader Colden. 

The Paper A. No. 11. referred to, in the State of 
Facts. Received from M' Paris, October y' 13"' 

The Liformation of Solomon Boyle of Morris Coun- 
ty, Sworn before Robert Hunter Morris Esq' Chief 
Justice of the Province of New Jersey. — 

Tlii.s liifoniiaid sayth he is settled on a Tract of 
Land upon Pasaick River, being Part of a Tract of 
201 H). Acres Formerly patented to Robert Barclay, 


about one Mile from the House of Justice Samuel 
Cooper, who is also settled on Part of the said 2000. 
Acres; That about the latter End of October last, being 
at the House of Samuel Woodruff, Alderman in 'Eliz- 
abeth Town, he was there desired by several Persons, 
particularly One they called Lawyer Daniel Clark, and 
One John Osborn, both of Elizabeth Town, to acquaint 
Daniel Coopei-, that in a fortnights Time the Mob in- 
tended to pay him a Visit, and that he heard said 
Clark say, that he would accompany that Mob: which 
with the frequent Threatnings of the Mob since, to 
turn said Cooper out of Possession, has occasioned this 
Informant, as he was settled on the same Right with 
Cooper, to be almost in continual Fear ever since. 

This Informant saith that he lives about three Miles 
to the Westward of the House in which Joseph Dal- 
rymple lately lived, the said Deponent having executed 
a Bond, wherein he stood bound for James Barclay, a 
Person settled on the said Place whereon Dalrymple 
lately lived; and which Barclay, so being in Posses- 
sion, and threatned to be sued by the Elizabeth Town 
People, received a Protection from the Council of Pro- 
prietors to defend him, at their Charge, against all 
such Suits; That he, the said Barclay, should deliver 
up Possession, of the said Place, to the Heirs of Wil- 
liam Dockwra, to whom the said Tract of Land 
belonged, which James Barclay, afterwards, sold the 
Improvement of the said Place to this Informant, who 
settled the said Dalrymple upon it, in Order to fulfill 
the Agreement, entred into, by the said Barclay, with 
the Proprietors. This Informant also says, that he 
came to said Dalrymple's Place, just after the House 
was broke open, and the said Dalrymple with his Wife 
and Children, turned out of Doors, on the s'.'' of April 
last, by a Number of Persons with Clubs; That he 
saw several of the Persons concerned in that Riot, 
carrying the Mans Goods out of the House: some in 


particular lie remembers to have been present and 
active therein, to wit, Nathaniel Davis, (who was 
called their Captain) Abraham Hendricks, Daniel Lit- 
tle of Turkey, Nathaniel Rogers, William Johnston, 
William Breasted, and James Hampton of Morris 
Town, which last two w^ere put in Possession of said 
Place, in Room of Dalrymple; The said James Hamp- 
ton, at the Time of being put in Possession, being by 
them called M!' Cross; That upon this Informant's 
hearing the said Nathaniel Davis called their Captain, 
by the said Rioters, it put him in Mind of his having 
heard, on the last training Day, being the (*>"' Day of 
April, on Monday, the Day appointed by the Act of 
Assembly, the Company at Turkey gave out, that they 
had Liberty to chuse new Officers, and that they had 
either chose, or was about to chuse, the said Nathaniel 
Davis foi' their Captain, and One Badgely Lieutenant, 
which Information this Informant heard delivered to 
Caleb Southward, Lieutenant of tlie Company, of 
which this Informant is Clerk, and Jacob Carle is Cap- 
tain, by a Constable of Turkey, whose Name this 
Infoi-mant doth not at present remember, but will take 
Care to find out: That wlien the said Dalrymple and 
his Wife and Child and the Catt were turned and 
taken out of the House, the said Davis proposed that 
they might be put in Possession of the Place again, if 
he would agree to take it under Cross and Breasted, 
and be ready to go out upon their Summons; To whicli 
this Informant answered, that Dalrymple could not 
take it on them Terms, because, besides the Loss he 
was already like to sustain, he was bound to him and 
the Proprietors to keep the Possession for the Heirs of 
Dockwra, to whom that Land had been layd out near 
Sixty Years ago; And this Informant also told them, 
that he was b(^und to the same Purpose; Tliat then 
they desired to know where his Bond was, saying, 
that, if he desired it, they would get it, if tliey knew 


who had it in keeping; To which this Informant 
answered, he did not know who had it, but that if he 
did, he should not apply to them to get it. And this 
Informant further sayth, that he with the said Joseph 
Dalrymple, on the 2^ Day of this Instant, had Occasion 
to go to Turkey, where they saw at Abraham Hen- 
dricks' House, the said Abraham Hendricks, Daniel 
Little, and, he thinks, Isaac Hendricks, and some 
more, that were present at turning Dalrymple out of 
Possession, And, as this Informant had been told by 
Daniel Cooper and Moses Ayres, that since their turn- 
ing Dalrymple out of Possession, they had sayd they 
were misled, and were sorry for it, he then asked, if it 
was so: and if Dalrymple should again lawfully be 
restored to his Place, whether they would disturb him 
any more? Some sayd they would not, and Others 
sayd they would not promise, but sayd nearly in these 
words, '' That if the Thing was to do again, and if we 
"had the same Information which we now have, we 
"could do it yet." This Informant then said, he 
thought such Actions of theiis weakned their Claim, 
and that turning People out of Possession, that had 
been so long settled, was taking upon them to try the 
Title. Which they acknowledged, and sayd it was the 
Town's Land, meaning Elizabeth Town, as he under- 
stood, and that they should have it, and that it was 
Time they should have it, for that, as they had been 
ruled by an Arbitrary Power, they themselves now 
ruled by Arbitrary Power, and had put their Hand to 
that Plow, and would not quit it tiU they had got Jus- 
tice to take Place; Why says this Informant, does not 
Justice take Place? Have there not been several Tryals, 
and have you not applied to England, and is not the 
Case now depending at Law, can't you be patient till 
it's decided, or do you think the King or Court will 
like you the better for acting as you do, and how will 
such Proceedings settle Titles? They answered, When 


the King shall have Notice that such a Multitude of 
his Subjects in the Jerseys are turned Mob, and act as 
they do. He will say, or think, what's the Matter with 
my Subjects? Surely they are wronged or oppressed, 
or else they would never rebell against my Laws, sure 
some grievous Oppression hath caused them to act 
thus, or else they would never have done it, (or some 
Words to this Effect) and so, sayd they, he will order 
us to have our Land. They also sayd, the Land at 
Turkey, and much further, was theirs, and they would 
have it as farr as they claimed, and that there would 
be more such Doings by the Mob, than ever yet had 
been done in the County, and the Reason why they 
stop'd ]3roceeding now, was, that it looked barbarous 
to turn out People so late in the Year, as it was plant- 
ing Time, and hard to get New Places, they did not 
design to turn out any this Spring, except One Sher- 
rard, or some such Name, on Mr Dunstar's Land, as 
he understood: Him, they sayd, they designed to turn 
out quickly, but not many more till Fall, but then, they 
would proceed Faster and farther than ever yet. And 
this Informant Further sayth, That on the friday fol- 
lowing, being last friday, he was told by Jacob Beadle, 
(who he verily believes is privy to the Proceedings of 
the Mob, and who this Informant has heard approve 
of said Proceedings) that the Mob intended to take M' 
Dunstar and put him in Goal, or send him to England 
to answer for what he had sayd. And, upon this 
Deponent's saying he did not believe that, for that they 
medled only with poor Folks, that were not able to 
oppose them, said Beadle answered, that they would 
not appoint a Day, lest he should hear it, and run 
away. And this Deponent also says, that the said 
Beadle lately told him, that he claimed under Eliza- 
beth Town Right One hundred Acres of Land, in Pos- 
session of one James M^'Kay, between the first and sec- 
ond Mountain; and it's currently reported that the 


Mob are going to turn said M^'Kay off, and to support 
said Beadle's Claim. And this Deponent further sayth, 
that on the afores^ Training Day, two Days before 
Dairy m pie was entirely turned out, but after the first 
Riot, which was commifcted in the Night, at the said 
Dalrymple's, near the House of Oukie Johnson, this 
Deponent had Discourse with the aforesaid William 
Johnson, Nathaniel Rogers, Breasted, and Others 
being present (gathered in a small Body) and this 
Deponent sayd that Joseph Dalrymple was like to be 
a great Sufferer, if they proceeded to turn him intirely 
out, as they sayd they would, seeing he was bound to 
keep the Possession from any under the Elizabeth 
Town Claim, till they got it by Law; Johnson sayd 
they had got it by Law. This Deponent asked him if 
he called that Law? Yes, says Johnson, by Club Law, 
and called their Proceedings a Court of Equity, and 
asserted that it was preferrable to the Common Law, 
as it was now made Use of. And this Deponent fur- 
ther sayth, That on Saturday the 2'' Day of May afore- 
said, at the House of Abraham Hendricks aforesaid, in 
Company with the Rioters aforesaid, in Conversation 
with them, he alledged, that if he had had an Oppor- 
tunity to inform them the Truth of the Case he 
believed they would not have done in the Affair of 
Dalrymple, but he did not then know where to apply; 
The said Abraham answered, that for the future, the 
Place of Meeting, on such Occasions, would be at his 
House, where any might be heard that would. And 
this Deponent Further sayth, that he sayd to the said 
Abraham , that their Court was different from all other 
Courts, by proceeding, and giving Judgment, on hear- 
ing one Party only; To which the said Abraham re- 
plied, that for the future they intended to proceed 
otherwise, and not to act or proceed till they received 
the Complaint and Defence of the Parties in Writing. 
This Deponent further sayth that the Rioters and their 


Friends give out, and it's the Common Report, that 
they are not afraid of any Thing the Government can 
do to them, for that at least nine tenths of the People 
of New Jersey are of their Opinion, in great Measure, 
that wishes them well, and will stand by them; That, 
they had also many Friends in New York, Long 
Island, Pennsylvania and New England, who would 
assist them if applied to. And this Deponent further 
sayth. That though he has bona Fide purchased where 
he lives, under the Patent of Rob* Baiclay, which he 
has heard proved by two Evidences, that sayd upon 
Oath, tliat they knew the Place from it's first Settling, 
and tliat it was in the Possession of those who held it 
undei' Proprietaiy Rights, for near Forty Years past, 
and that peaceably till of late: Yet such is the Terror 
that he lays under upon tiie aforesaid Information and 
Tlireatnings, and seeing such an Example made of 
Joseph Dalrymple. in turning him and his Family out 
of Doors in such a Manner, though settled, as he 
thought, on a good Footing, and by these Rioters 
claiming on Elizabeth Town Right, which drove the 
said Deponent that Extremity, that he applyed to a 
principal Man, who claimed that Right, for the Favour 
of a Protection, to save him from the Rioters, and 
obtained One in these Words viz? 

"To whom it may concern. Know ye that whereas 
"the Land whereon Solomon Boyle now lives, is sup- 
" posed to be a Lott of Land laid out and drawn on 
"Robert Bond's Right, wliereof one equal half undi- 
" vided belongs to me, and dreading the Danger of 
"some who may put him and his Family to Hard- 
" ships, this is therefore to testify that I allow him to 
"live peaceably thereon, for six Months from this 10"' 
"Day of April 1747." 

Solomon Boyle 

Sworn the 13'" Day of May 1747, before 

RoB^ H. Morris. 


The Paper A. N? 12. referred to, in the State of 
Facts. Rec'? from M!" Paris. Octob^ y^ 18*^ 

The Infonnatiou of Solomon Boyle, taken before 
James Alexander Esq!" One of his Majesty's Council 
for the Province of New Jersey. 

This Informant sayeth, That since the Deposition by 
him made before the Chief Justice on the 13"' Day of 
May last, he has enquired the Name of the Constable 
mentioned in his Deposition, and finds his Sirname to 
be Cusham, but his Christian Name he has not as yet 
been able to find out. He further says, that Joseph 
Dalrymple, having on the 2P' of May last, been at Tur- 
key, the said Dalrymple has since acquainted this In- 
formant that which their Justice Benj^ Pettit told said 
Dalrymple, that he would advise Solomon Boyle, (this 
Informant) to come the next Day to his said Pettits 
House, for that the Company (meaning, as he under- 
stood it, those commonly called the Mob) and appointed 
to meet there that Day to choose Officers, and it would 
be a good Opportunity for said Boyle to lay his Case 
before them, he this Informant, having, some Time 
before complained to said Justice Pettit, about the In- 
justice done, to this informant, by the Mob, in Eespect 
to the Land lately in Possession of said Dalrymple. 
And this Deponent upon some further Information, 
believes they met to appoint the then next Monday for 
a March upon M'.' Dunstar, or some Part of his Estate, 
for on the Saturday Evening before, he was informed 
by John Laten and Robert Chambers, That Jacob 
Beadle had been at his Son in Lawn's House, one Lynes, 
between or below the Mountains, and that the said 
Lynes, being one of the Mob, had been warned to be 
ready on said Monday, for a March against said Dun- 
star, and that Daniel Beadle) who is One that appeared 


with the Clubmen, at the late Kiot committed upon the 
Possession of the said Dairy mple, with his Club) told 
said Chambers that Captain Davis would be there, and 
two hundred Men for his Part, mentioning Nathaniel 
Davis, men'} in the former Information of this Depo- 
nent, and on Tuesday last this Informant was told by 
Patience, the Wife of Michael Beadle, that She had on 
said Monday, being last Monday, in her Way to Eliza- 
beth Town, met several of the Mob with their Clubs, 
who She believed were met for that Purpose, for ha])- 
pening to call in at the House of M'- Syms, the said 
Patience there heard it sayd, that the Mob would take 
M'' Dunstar, and send him to England to have him 
hanged. To which. Answer was made, by somebody 
there, that there was Law enough in this Country to 
hang him. But the said Patience understood they had 
not performed what they met about, but were disap- 
pointed by some' Means or other. And this Informant 
further sayeth. That on friday last, Robert C^hambers 
informed him, that he had been up at the Society, and 
in Discourse with his Uncle Israel Hickey, Thomas 
Lydall, and Others of the People there, was told that 
they had made a firm Agreement t(^ defend all their 
Farms there, by Mob, and that Maidenhead and Hope- 
well and great Numbers of Others, had joined in firm 
Engagements, to stand by One Another, in opposing 
Proprietors or any Power that would take their Part, 
and that to Death, and their Children after them ; and 
that altho' some Missteps were taken, they would 
stand by it, and reckoned they stood as firm, as if they 
had really bought and had ever so good a Right or 
Title altho' they had no Pretence to any Right, but 
Possession and Improvem', and that they valued and 
sold their Improvem'.' at or near the full Value, to wit 
£70. £80. or a hundred Pounds Proclamation for Small 
Farms. And the said Chambei'S further informed this 
Deponent, that he heard, that these People were re- 


solved should they opposed by Fire Arms, to take up 
Fire Arms to defend theirselves, being resolved to 
stand by what they had begun & engaged themselves 
in. And this Informant further sayth, that soiue 
time in March last, the said Daniel Beadle, being at 
work for this Informant, they had much Discourse to- 
gether, about the many Riots that has been committed, 
and some others that were to be committed, particu- 
larly on the Place in Possession of Jacob Van Deven- 
ter, a Tenant to the Executors of John Parker, and 
one M° Coy his Neighbor, who it was given out were 
both to be dispossessed, & their Places delivered to 
Others; When this Informant asked said Beadle, why 
they could not be easy ? as the New Governor was 
soon expected, and, as they gave out, he was very 
much their Friend, and so might expect to have every 
Thing settled to their Liking, but says this Deponent 
perhaps they'l not mind him when he comes, if he 
should be of a different Way of thinking from them ? 
No, reply VI said Beadle, that they won't, nor even the 
King himself. And he further says, that he discours- 
ing with several of the Mobmen, from Time to Time, 
has heard them make Use of it as an Argument in 
Support of their Proceedings, that the King himself 
was unable to quell Mobs in England, by any other 
Ways than granting theii- desires. 

And further sayth not. 

Solomon Boyle. 

Sworn the first Day of June 1747 before me 

Ja: Alexander. 


Copys of Affidavits relatiiKj to the Rioters in Neu^ Jer- 
sey, taken in October and November, 1749, Nos. 1 
to Ki, referred to in the Additiou<d State of Facts. 

[From P. R O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. ^^, G 45. | 

Depi" of Corsparus Prior. 

N'' 1. 

Council Ctiamher October 14'." 1740. 
Gasparus Prior, of full Age being duely Sworn on 
the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God, Deposeth and 
Saith that on the 13*'' of December 1735 a Road was 
laid Out from the Town of Bergen along the Old Road 
to a Rose bush Standing on Said Road, four Rods wide, 
and thence down thro' the Orchard and Meadow of 
this Deponent to his Mill Ditch One Rods wide, by 
four of the Commissioners of the County of Bergen; 
Which Road not being Legally laid out, as this Depo- 
nent Conceives, and being very Injurious to him, as 
w^ell as inconvenient to the Publick; This Deponent 
made Application to the (^ouimissioners of the high- 
ways for the County of Bergen and the County of Es- 
sex, to have the Said Road alter'd; Twelve of whom 
being on the Spott, ten of them agree to alter the Said 
Road ; and did alter it accordingly on the twenty fourth 
day of Mai-ch 174S-0 As a])pears by their Return, en- 
teral on the Records of the County of Bergen, as. Re- 
lation being thereunto had, may more fully appear; 
That after the said Alteration, viz' on the twenty 
third day of May last, Ten White Men, Inhabitants, 
and Some of them freeholders, of the CV^unty of B(>r- 
gen, togethei- with four or five Negroes, Came to the 
possession of this Deponent, and, in a Riotous manner, 
did pull up. Tear, and Cutt down the fences of him tlie 
Said Deponent: Whereupon this Deponent complained 


to the Grand Jury, for the County of Bergen, Mett at 
the Court house in Hackinsack, at a Court of Quarter 
Sessions held there on the first Tuesday in this present 
month of October, and by Sundry Credible Witnesses 
did prove Said Riot to the Said Grand Jury, four or 
five of whom acknowledged that the fact was plainly 
proved; and yett the Said Grand Jury did not find a 
Bill against the Said Rioters. And further this Depo- 
nent Saith not. 


Sworn before us 

Edw"; Antill 
THOf Leonard 

N*' 2. 

Copy of a Letter from Alexander to David Og- 
den of June 23*^ 1749 in answer to an Ap- 
plication to him for his advice to the Issu- 
ing a Commission for Essex County for 
Trying the Rioters and Traitors there, men- 
tioned in The Dep" of John Johnson. 

New York June 23^ 1749. 

Yours of the 22'i by M' Johnson, with Copy to Chief 
Justice Morris. I have. — On reading them I men- 
tioned my Sentiments to M^ Johnson, as you desired, 
which are in Substance, That Considering, the Re- 
solves of the Council of Dec!' 12"' last, printed in the 
Assembly minutes of the 13'.'' of Dec! and other the 
Councils' Resolves, printed also in the Assembly min- 
utes of Dec'.' 15^" & 10'."— and That the Council in Dec', 
made Representations of the matter to his Majesty and 
Ministers; and that the whole Council on the 28"' of 
March last unanimously approved that Representation, 
and wrote again to the Ministry on the Affair of the 


Rioters, and that the Governor in his Speeches to tlie 
Assembly in feb^'. and March last Said he would Rep- 
resent, if the Assembly came not into effectual meas- 
ures. Those things Considered, I told M' Johnson 
that I thought it as much as my neck was worth to 
Consent to try any of the Rioters by a Jury of the 
County of Essex, untill directions Came from his Maj- 
esty or Ministers on the Representation sent. What 
the Chief Justices Sentiments were, I know not, and 
Recommended to him to go to Morrissania; whether 
he will go or not, I know not; But think the Council 
would make a very odd figure if they Consented to 
such Commission for Tryalls of the Rioters in Essex, 
when Such Consent was Compared with what's before 

I told M' Johnson also, that the fear of their further 
Rioting, or if even all New Jersey Should Join them 
Man & Woman, it should not induce me to advise such 
a thing till directions from Home; for if they should 
ah Join, I doubted Not but that his Majesty could and 
would Restore his Government and Laws in New Jer- 
sey, and make lasting Examples of them who had 
Rebelled against them and overturned them. 

I askVl M' Johnson, Suppose an Impartial Jury 
Could be found in Essex, and found some of them. 
Accused of high treason, to be Guilty, and that the 
Judges pronounced the Judgment of High Treason 
against tliem: Whether those Judgements could now 
be Executed in Essex County ? He owned he could 
not say that they could. I told him then it must hi\ 
betraying and Triffling v.'itli Justice, to trye, where the 
Sentence cannot be Executed. Sundry more things I 
talked with M'- Johnson; but these, I think, are the 

I am &c 

Ja: Alexander 

To M!^ David Ogden at Newark 


N*' 3 
Dep° of John Johnston 

John Johnson Senior of Newark aged about forty 
Nine years being duely Sworn on the holy Evangehsts, 
On his Oath declares that he was the person, desired 
by the two prisoners, that went over to New York to 
Speak to Chief Justice Morris, and not finding him 
there, did Speak to M' Alexander about Issuing a 
Commission for trying the s'! two prisoners, who told 
him his Sentiments, that he could not for his part ad- 
vise the Granting Such Commission till his Maj? pleas- 
ure was Known, for reasons which he told this Depo- 
nent, and which he Reduced to writing in a Letter to 
David Ogden, which Letter he heard Eead, and it Con- 
tained the Substance of what was said between M'-' 
Alexander and the Deponent. This Deponent believes 
that about one third of the County of Essex may be 
Rioters or favourers of them; Says that if a Jury 
could be found that Should find any of the persons in- 
dited or Accused of high treason. Guilty that the 
Rioters would Rescue the person, And not Suffer Exe- 
cution; believes many of the Rioters hold their Lands 
by titles under the Proprietors, and never heard of any 
other Reason why they Joined The Rioters, Than that 
they thought their Neighbours oppressed by the Pro- 
prietors Suites; Believes that a good Number of the 
Rioters have no title at all to any land; believes Those 
having no title do much more Damage in destroying 
peoples timber than the others do, And further Saith 

John Johnson 

Sworn the 14^" day of Oct' 1749 Before 

Ja: Alexander 
Rich? Saltar 


Dep" of John Style 

John Style deputy Sheriff and Goaler of the C'ounty 
of Essex bemg diiely Sworn on the holy Evangelist's 
On his Oath declares that in the night between the 
15'." and 1(5'" of July last the Goal of the Coiuity of 
Essex was broke open, That the Dep' heard the noise, 
and liis wife went and opened the door in the walk, 
and a man Stood near the door, and, as this ck'p" wife 
tijld him, the said man Struck a blow at her with a 
Club, whereon She Shut the door, and came and told 
this Dep' that it was to no purpose to go there, that 
after the Rioters were gone, he went and found that 
Burwell and Ball were Rescued, and found that the 
hooks upon which the hinges of the door hung had 
been drawn out and put in again, and found Manstield 
Hunt, a prisoner for debt, remaining. And This 
deponent Says that he has not made a very exact esti- 
mate of the Numbers of Ri(^ters in Essex County and 
their Circumstances, he verily believes about one third 
part of the Men of the County of Essex have appeared 
as Rioters, but verily believes not one in five men of 
the County but what are favourers of them. That 
veiily believes that one half of the Rioters have no 
Other titles but Patents and Surveys under the pro- 
prietors. That about one quarter part have both Pro- 
prietary Right and Indian Right. That of the remain- 
ing quarter great Numbers have no pretence to any 
Right either proprietary or Indian, and but very few 
have Indian Right only. Tliat this dep- has asked 
many of the Rioters, who hold undei' the Proprietors, 
(& particularly Ball the })risoner now in Goal, who 
owned that neither he nor any of his family held any 
lands but under the proprietors;) why they Joined 
with the Rioters, but never Could learn fi'om any one 


that he asked, what reason they had to Join with the 
Rioters, but that they thought their Neighbours 
wronged, and they ought to Assist them. This depon- 
remembers that one Vincent, a Rioter, upon the hke 
question being put to him, Answered, when you see 
two Boys a fighting, would not you naturally help the 
weakest, and gave no other Reason for his joining the 
Rioters. And this Depon' verily believes that two 
Juries are not to be found in The County of Essex but 
what are either Rioters or persons related to Them by 
Blood or Marriage, and further this deponent Saith not. 

J Style 
Sworn the fourteenth day of October 1749 l)efore 

Ja: Alexander 
Rich" Saltar 
And'v Johinston 

N° 5 
Exam, of Theophilus Burwell 

The Examination of Theophilus Burwell taken at 
Newark in the County of Essex the 11"' day of Oct!" 
An Dom 1749 before Robert Hunter Morris Esq' chief 
Justice of the Province of New Jersey, which Examin' 
Saith that he being confin'd in The County Goal for 
the County of Essex on a Charge of treason was told 
on the fifteenth day of July last, while in Goal, that 
he this Exam^ and one Aaron Ball Committed also to 
Said Goal for said Crime Should not lie long in Goal, 
which s^ Exam* believes was told him by one Ezekiel 
Johnson and that this Examinant understood by s'' 
Expression that the Goal was to be broken open, and 
this Exam* and s' Ball to be taken out, because it was 
said that they were not to have their trayalls untill his 
Maj;^.' pleasure should be known. That on s-' 15*" day 
of July at night a number of persons unknown to s'i 


Exam^ came to said Goal and broke the Same open, 
and two of the Company pulled s? Exam* out of s-^ Goal, 
s-' «exam^ Remembers to have seen six of those who 
came to break open s'-' Goal, but were so disguised by- 
blacking theii' faces, having old Cloaths, and Straw on 
their heads, that this Examin* could not then know 
any of s'' persons nor has he since discoveiied who any 
of said persons were; that on or about the 12*'' day of 
July last the Justices and Freeholders for the County 
of Essex mett at Newark at the Request of s^ Exam* 
and of s'' Ball to Petition his Exc^ the Gov'' of this 
Province to Grant a Comission for their tryalls, and 
being informed and believes that when s'' Justices and 
freeholders were mett as afors^ they refused offering 
and presenting a petition to the Gov'' for Granting a 
Commission as afores? unless the generality of the Mob 
would Signify under their hands their willingness of 
Submitting to the King's Authority, and for That ])ur- 
pose drew a petition to the Gov'' for the Mob to Sign, 
which this Exara^ and said Ball Signed, and that he 
this Examinant was informed & believes that Thuel 
Pierson, John Vincent, and Josiah Lindsley Carried s'^ 
Petition to Severall of the Mob to Sign, Spending two 
days for that purpose, but could not prevail on any one 
to Sign Said Petition excepting this Examt and s-' Ball; 
That this Exam* also was informed that the s'^ Justices 
& freeholders were to meet again one week after that 
time, in Case the Mob would Sign s" Petition, that the 
Goal being broke oi)en before the expiration of said 
week and s" Exam* and s'' Ball being fi'eed from Con- 
finem* and the Mol) not Signing said Declaration of 
being willing to Sul)mitt to the King's Authority This 
Exam* has been inform'd, and believes was the Reason 
of s'' Justices & freeholders not meeting again as was 
by them appointed; That this Exam* was Sent for at 
a meeting of the Committee where was present John 
Condict, Joseph Day, Nathaniel Wheeler, Stephen 


Morris, Thomas Williams, Samuel Harrison and Joseph 
Roberts, when said Committee tryed to perswade s!' 
Exam^ to return again to Goal and Submitt to be Ctni- 
fined, and to petition for Tryall, saying that he would 
without doubt soon obtain his Tryall; and that the 
next day, being the sixth day of instant July he was 
again pers waded to Return to Goal and petition for his 
Tryall, by Joseph Pierson and Thuel Pierson, who told 
him that it was the desire of the Assembly, that he 
Should do it, which this Examinant accordingly did, 
and further Saith not. 

Taken this 11"' day of Oct'" 1 
An Dom 174J> (the same being i 'jj^^^ mark of 

first read in The presence of J^Theophilus X Burwell 
the Examinant before Sign- 
ing) Before 

RoB^ H: Morris, 

David Ogden 

N° 6. 
Dep" of Daniel Pierson 

Daniel Pierson Esq'' one of his Majesties Justices 
of the peace for the County of Essex, being duely 
Sworn on the holy Evangelists, On his Oath declares 
That about the tenth of July last a Number of the 
Justices and freeholders of Essex County mett at 
Newark upon a Notice to meet to Consider whether it 
was proper to petition for a Special Court of Goal 
Delivery, as two men v^^ei'e in Goal for high treason, 
who-being mett Considered that if The Rioters would 
in General Consent to Submitt to the Court, that it 
then might be proper, but to petition for a Court to 
Try only two, when Hundreds of others are Guilty, 
and might from time to time be taken and Committed, 


would be an endless charge and trouble, & Therefore 
agreed to draw a petition, for the Rioters Promising 
Submission to the Jurisdiction of the Court and to 
take their Tryalls; which petition was accordingly 
drawn and given to some of the Rioters to Carry abc^ut 
to be Signed, upon promise from the Justices and free- 
holders to meet again if the i)etition was Signed by a 
large Number, But this Deponent has heard that no 
more than the two prisoners Burw^ell and Ball did Sign 
it, wherefore no, meeting was afterwards had of the 
Justices and Freeholders for the purpose Afores'' as 
this Dep^ believes. And this Dep- further says that in 
the Night of the Saturday following the Goal of the 
County of Essex was broke open and the said prison- 
ers therein. Rescued by persons unknown, as is Said. 
And the Dep- further Says that he was one of the Jus- 
tices who were present and made the Records of the 
two first Riots at Newark in Sep' 1745 and Jan''^ 1745-0) 
— That he Conceives himself well acquainted with the 
numbers of the Rioters in the County of Essex and 
their Circumstances, from the ()bservati(»ns he has had 
opportunitys for four years past to make of them. 
x4nd from the best Jadgem' this dep- can make, he 
believes that to divide the whole Number of the Riot- 
ers in the C^ounty of Essex into five parts, there ai-e 
three of those five parts who hold their Lands of Pat- 
ents, and Surveys under the Proprietors; That Some of 
those he has talk'd to, to know Why they Joined with 
the Rioters, who answered that they Conceived their 
Neighbours wronged, and would Assist them and see it 
out, and owned they had no interest in the matter; 
That one other fifth part of the Rioters, this Deponent 
verily believes have no pretence whatsoever to any 
Land either by Indian Purchase or under the proprie- 
tors, and it's that fifth part that makes twice as much 
destruction of the Timber than all the other four fifths 
put together, and gett their living chiefly by plunder- 


ing the Timber of other peoples lands; That of the 
remaining one fifth of the Rioters he verily believes 
that two Thirds of That ^fth Satt down on Lands 
without any Title or leave from any body; and lately, 
soon before, or since Eioting begun, have acquired 
Indian deeds; and that not above one third part of the 
Remaining fifth part Sat down originally on pretence 
of Indian Deeds. And this Deponent Says he verily 
believes that not one third part of the men of the 
County of Essex are Rioters, tho' ^many more he 
believes wish them well, and verily believes that there 
are Scarcely a man in the County of Essex but what 
is Related by Blood or Marriage to Some one or other 
of the Rioters, unless it be Some Straglers lately come 
into the County, and who are part of the above two 
thirds of the Remaining fifth, or of the one fifth who 
have no pretence to any Lands, And further this 
Deponent Saith not. 

Daniel Pierson. 
Sworn the 14*" day of Oct'" 1Y49 Before 

Ja: Alexander 
Rich? Saltar 
And'' Johnston 

N° 7. 
Dep" of John Rolph 

John Rolph Esq" one of his Majesties Justices of 
the ])eace for the County of Essex being duely Sworn 
on the holy Evangelists on his oath doth declare 
sometime near the beginning of July last he had 
Notice by direction of a Brother of Aaron Ball a pris- 
oner for high treason in The Goal of the County of 
Essex at Newark, to meet the Justices and freeholdei-s 
in order to Consider whether to petition his Exc^ for a 
Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Goal delivery 


for the County of Essex, and this Deponent accord- 
ingly mett, when were present Eliphalet Johnson, 
Daniel Pierson, John Ross and this Deponent Justices 
of the Said County, and Elijah Davis and John Chand- 
ler freeholders, it was objected by some that to peti- 
tion for a Court for those two only, when so many 
others were accused and liable to be taken from time 
to time, would l)e an endless Charge and trouble to the 
County; it was answered by some person, that he 
believed that tlie Rioters or a great Number of them 
w(^uld Submitt to their tryalls at the same time; and 
the Brothei' of the said Aaron Ball and one Joseph 
Day, Then Attending, declared it as their opinion that 
the Generallity or a great Number would Submitt, 
whereupon it seemed agreed That if the Generallity 
would Sign a petition to his Excellency promising to 
Sul)mitt themselves to the Jurisdiction of the Court, 
that then that would be a good Ground for the Jus- 
tices and freeholders to petition; and it was proposed 
That such petition should be drawn, and after some 
time it was Resolved it should be drawn by this dep* 
with the Assistance of Captain Jonathan Hampton, 
and accordingly Cap- Hampton and this dep' went into 
another Room and made a draught of such petition, 
the purport whereof, to the best of this dep'" memory, 
was, after the direction to his Excf it Sett forth That 
tlie subscribers had been accused of Sundry Crimes, 
some of Assembling themselves together in a Riotous 
manner, and breaking Goals and rescuing persons 
therein Committed; others Turning people forcibly out 
of possession and Sundry other Crimes; pi-aying his 
Excellency to Grant such Commission as before for 
their Tryals and promising Submission to the Jurisdic- 
tion of that Court. 

That the draught was brought in and approved of, 
and given he believes, to said Brother of Ball to Carry 
about to gett it Signed by the Rioters; and it was 


agreed that when the petition was Signed, that notice 
of it Should be given to M'" Ross who was to give 
notice to the other Justices and freeholders to meet at 
Elisabeth town at such time as he should appoint; 
This dep* never had notice to meet afterwards, and 
heard that the Goal was broken and the said prisoners 
Rescued; and this dep* declares he is verily of opinion 
that its Scarcely possible to find a Man in The County 
of Essex, Except it be a few persons lately come into 
It who have hardly any Settlement, but what are 
Related by blood or Marriage to some one or other of 
the Rioters, and further this Deponont Saith not. 

John Rolph 
Sworn the IC'.'' day of October 1749 before 

Ja: Alexander 
And"^ Johnston 
Rich? Saltar 

N° 8. 
Dep" of John Chandler and Elijah Davis 

John Chandler, of Elisabeth Town, aged about 
forty Nine years, being duely Sworn on the holy Evan- 
gelists, On his Oath declares. That he being one of the 
freeholders Chosen for the County of Essex, Soon after 
harvest he had notice from a Brother of the prisoner 
Ball, to meet the Justices and other freeholders at 
Newark in order to Petition for a Special Court for 
Try all of the prisoners; And it was agreed that it 
would be too great a Charge and Trouble for the 
County to have a Court for Tryall of those two prison- 
ers only; But if the Rioters would Generally come in 
and Submitt, That then they would Petition; That the 
Petition was drawn by order of the Justices and free- 
holders, and given he believes, to a Brother of one of 
the prisoners, to gett it Signed by the Rioters, and the 


Justices and freeholders promised to meet again on 
notice that it was Signed hy a great Nnmher of the 
Rioters; Heard it was Signed hy the two prisoners 
Burwell & Ball, hut not by any more, and no meeting- 
was afterwards had by the Justices and freeholders; 
Heard soon after that the Prisoners were out of Goal; 
does not think that there is a quarter of the people of 
Essex to be Rioters; believes a great number of the 
Rioters have no pretence of Title of any Land one way 
or other, wdio make Great waste and destruction of 
Timber, and further Saith not. 

John Chandler 
Sworn the 14"' day of ()cto' 174!». Before 

Ja: Alexander 
And''. Johnston 
Rich"* Saltar 

Elijah Davis of Ehsabeth Town, one other of the 
freeholders Chosen, being duely Sworn, Says he heard 
the Deposition of J(^n Chandler, Above, read, and 
says in Substance, as he says, Except about the Titles 
of the Rioters, which the Depon^ is a Stranger to, and 
further Saith not. 

Elljah Davis. 
Sworn the 14^" of October 1741). Before 

Ja: Alexander 
And •'• Johnston 
Rich" Saltar 

N'^ 9. 

Dep" of Eliphalet Johnston 

Eliphalet Johnston Esq?* one of the Judges and 
Justices of the peace for the County of Essex being 
duely Sworn on the holy Evangelists On his Oath 
declares that about the Tenth of July last a Number 


of the Justices and freeholders of Essex County mett 
at Newark at the Request of Theophilus Burwell and 
Aaron Ball then piisoners Committed for treason in 
The Goal of said County in order to petition for a 
Special Court of Goal Dehvery, And the s^ Justices & 
freeholders heing mett were informed that a great 
Numher of the Rioters were willing to Surrender and 
Suhmitt to their Tryalls, and therefore the said Jus- 
tices and freeholders agreed That if a large Number of 
them would Submitt to have their tryalls That then 
they would petition for such Special Court the said 
Justices and freeholders aJso agreed to draw such Peti- 
tion for the Rioters to Sign, and the same was Then 
accordingly drawn and given to some of the Rioters to 
Carry about amongst the Rest to Sign, and the said 
Justices and freeholders agreed if the Petition was 
Signed by a large Number, to meet again, but other- 
ways not; That the Deponent has heard that the Said 
Petition was Signed by the said J3urwell and Ball, But 
that all others Refused to Sign it, wherefore no further 
meeting was of the Justices and freeholders on that 
head to this dep*® knowledge. 

And this Deponent further says that a few days 
after that meeting of the Justices and freeholders, he 
heard that the Goal of Essex was in the night violently 
broke open by persons unknown, and the said Burwell 
and Ball from thence Rescued, and one Mansfield Hunt 
a prisoner then in the same Goal was a few days after- 
wards brought before this Deponent and Examined as 
to the Same as by the Deposition of the said Hunt to 
vvliich he Refers may appear, and further Saith not. 

Elip? Johnston. 

Sworn the 14^'' day of October 1749 Before 

Ja: Alexander, 
And'' Johnston 
Rich? Saltar. 

The Said Eliphalet Johnston further on his Oath 


Says that he does not believe one Third of the people 
of Essex County to be Rioters but that many more 
have been favourers of them, believes a gi'eat Number 
of the Rioters hold their Lands by Titles under the 
proprietors, never heard of any reason those had to 
Join the Rioters, but that they thought their neigh- 
bouis oppressed by the Suits of the Proprietors. A 
Considerable Number of The Rioters the Deponent 
beheves had no i3retence of title to any Lands, and 
believes and has heard those Cut and destroy much of 
Other people's timl)er; believes most people of the 
County of Essex are by Blood or Marriage Related to 
some of them; verily believes that if any of the Riot- 
ers were found guilty, that the Rioters would Rescue 
them before Execution. 

Elip^ Johnston 
Sworn the 14'" of Oct! 174II before 

Ja: Alexander. 
Rich? Saltar. 

N° 10. 

Exam, of Aaron Ball. 

The Examination of Aaron Ball, taken at Newark 
the 11'." day of Ocf An Dom 1741» before Rob' Hunter 
Morris Esq"' Chief Justice of tlie j^rovince of New Jer- 
sey, which Examinant Saitli that he being Confined to 
the Common Goal for the County of Essex on a War- 
rant for high treason for Taking out one Amos Roberts 
from said Goal, was taken out of s'' Goal sometime in 
July last by a Number of persons unknown to this 
exam* who broke open Said Goal and one of said Num- 
ber came and i)ulled him out of Goal, That it being in 
The Night and dark could not then know nor to this 
hour does know or ever heard who were any of the 
persons that broke open said Goal and took him from 


thence, That this examP on the sixth day of Oct-' inst: 
with Theophilus Burwell Signed three Several petitions 
to the Gov! Council and Assembly praying that they 
might have their Tryalls for the Crimes They were 
C'harged with, that s'^ Petitions were Signed at the house 
of Joseph Roberts in Newark and ab* 3 miles from the 
Goal of s.'^ County, and that Joseph Camp, Joseph 
Day, Joseph Roberts and Eleazer Lampson were pres- 
ent at or about the time of Signing of said Petitions, 
That on the 10"' instant one Nath" Wheeler Jun!' 
brought to this Exam^ and to said Theophilus Burwell 
three other petitions to the Govr Council & Gen" As- 
sembly of this Province of New Jersey, like the other 
petitions by them before Signed, and was told that 
this Exam' and s-^ Burwell Signing the other Petitions 
when out of Goal was not Sufficient, must therefore 
sign these then Brought to them while in Goal, which 
last Petitions s*^ Exam' & s^ Burwell then Signed and 
Delivered them to said Nathaniel Wheeler, and fur- 
ther saith not 

x^ARON Ball 

Taken this 11'" day of Oct!' An Dom: 1749 (being 
Read in the presence of the Examinant before Sign- 
ing) Before 

Rob?' H: Morris, 

Present David Ogden 


Dep° of Abraham Phillips. 

Abraham Phillips of Horseneck in the County of 
Essex and province of New Jersey being duely Sworn 
made oath as follows. That on the ninth of this Instant 
November, Edward Archer, Hendi'ick Ryker, John 
Massacher, Aaron Clauson, Hendrick Ryker Jun! and 
Isaac Ryker Came together to this Deponent's house 


and Said that they wanted possession of his house and 
would have it; and pull'd down his Stack yard fence 
and hog pen fence, and then closed round him, and 
gave him threatning words and Spit in his face; upon 
which this Deponent thinking himself in danger, one 
of them having a Gun, he told his Aged mother, who 
was then in his house, that they had better go away; 
he locked the door of his house, and left it and went to 
J\is Neighbours for Safety; The next morning this 
Dep' came to his house again, and found a Stack of 
Oats of about twenty-five Bushels, and a Stack of 
Corn Stalks and flax burn'd down to ashes, and the 
door of his house broke open and Carried away, which 
this Dep' has not as yett found, and also near half of 
the Roof of his house broke off, and his household 
goods removed out of doors, and several things broke, 
as this Dep^ was informed by his Mother and Lydia 
Phillips, who came to his house some time before him, 
and said they had carried s^ household goods in to the 
house again, and this Dep' further Says that he has 
often heard and believes that Some of the above per- 
sons were Concerned in Committing of Some of the 
late Riots and disorders in this province, and further 
Saith not. 


Abraham A Phillips 


Sworn the 2!>*.'^ of NoW 1T4I> Before us 


Daniel Pierson 

Novetii'. 80"' 174!» We the Subscribers Uzal Ogden 
and Daniel Pierson do liereby Certify that the above 
writing is a true Cojiy of a Deposition taken liefore us 
by the above mentioned Abraham Phillips, the razure 
between the words (morning) and (this) being first made 

Daniel Pierson 
Uzal Ogden 


Nf 12. 

Copy Dep° of Thomas Gould 

Thomas Gould, of full age, being duely Sworn, 
Saitli that on or about the Ninth of November Instant, 
at night he was informed by his daughter that there 
was Several persons come to tare Abraham PhilHps to 
pieces; upon which This Dep' went and hid himself in 
the bushes near Said Abraham Phillips's house, where* 
there was a number of persons, who had made a fire 
there, and this Deponent Says that to the best of his 
knowledge, and he verily believes, that one EUsha 
Clark and one Edward Archer were of said Number: 
And this Deponent heard one say (who he believed to 
be said Clark) to said Archer, Do you Claim possession 
of this house? To which said Archer answ^ered Yes. 
Upon which s? Clark said, if you will take me for 
your Captain, I will go foremost; and if you will take 
my directions, and I will gett into the house. This 
Deponent further Says that while he was in the Bushes 
afsl' Some of said Company fired four or five Guns. 
This Deponent says that some time next morning he 
went to said Phillips house, and found that a Stack of 
oats, and one of Cornstalks had been Consumed by 
fire the night before, and part of the Roof of said 
Phillips his house was broke off, and the door broke 
open and gone. 

Thomas Gould 
Sworn the 29'^" of November 1749 Before us 

UzAL Ogden 
Daniel Pierson. 

November 30'?' 1740 We the Subscribers Uzal 
Ogden and Daniel Pierson Do hereby Certify that the 
above writing is a True Copy of a Deposition taken 
before us by the above mentioned Thomas Gould. 

Uzal Ogden 
Daniel Pierson 


N'^ 1:3. 
Dep° of Eob* Lettice Hooper 

Robert Lettice Hooper Esq'' one of his Majesties 
Justices of the peace for the County of Somersett and 
Clerk of the peace of the Said County, being duely 
Sworn on the holy Evangelists, On his Oath declarad 
,that on the third day of October Instant the General 
Quarter Sessions of the peace for the County of Somer- 
sett mett at the Court house of the same County where 
he the Dep' acted as Clerk, and the Grand Jury bt^ing 
C^alled was Sworn, Charged and went out; after which 
M' Colnam, who acted there for the Attorney Generall, 
informed The Court That one Thomas Clauson, a per- 
son Sworn on the said Jury, was a person Indicted of 
high treason, against whom he had delivered several 
processes to the Sheriff for Apprehending him ; upon 
which the Sheriff had returned that he was not found 
in his Bailiwick, and was Surprized now to find that 
man Returned and Sworn of the Grand Jury of the 
County. Upon which the Sheriff denied that he had 
had Such processes, & averred That he did not know 
the man, but that his Deputy had Summoned him 

To which M- Colnam replied that he was ready to 
make Oath that he had delivered two such processes 
to the Sheriff; That The Court ordered The Grand 
Jury to return, and The Deponent, by order of the 
Court, Called over the Grand Jury, When Thomas 
Leonard Esq, first Justice of the Court, acquainted the 
Grand Jury That he was Sorry to inform them That 
Thomas Clawson, Sworn of their Number, was a pei'. 
son indicted of hightreason, and a Notorious Rioter, 
wherefore unfitt to be one to Represent the Body of 
the County, & therefore he ordered, liis Name to be 
Struck out of the Pannell, and the Sheriff to take him 
into Custody: But the Sheriff, being something in 


Liquor, did not move to obey the Order. Then the 
first Justice Spoke, You Post (who was the under 
Sheriff) why don't you take him into Custody? who 
did not move. He was ordered Several times to take 
him into Custody, but still he did not move. Where- 
upon the Said Clawson began to move off, and many 
of the Justices on the Bench ask'd Post why he did 
not Obey the Orders given him? and w^hy he did not 
take Clawson? The Justices further Ordered the Con- 
stables to Apprehend him, but the Said Clawson walk'd 
softly off without any haste and then the Deputy Sher- 
iff and Constables followed him a little way, and this 
Dep- heard, only to the house of the said Post, near 
by, where The Said Clawson took up an Axe, and 
Threatened that he would Splitt any Man's Skull that 
dared to Come near him, then got his horse and Rode 
off; and that the Deputy Sheriff and Constables soon 
after Returned to the Court, and Reported the Axe, 
and the threatenings of Clawson, and his being gone. 
Whereupon the Court ask'd of the Deputy Sheriff how 
he dared to Return such a person on The Grand Jury. 
He Answered, That he thought That affair was all 
over. The whole Court blamed The Sheriff and 
Deputy Sheriff Extreemly for not obeyinging the Or- 
ders of the Court; The Sheriff during all this did not 
move from his Seat or do anything to apprehend the 
said Clawson. The Court asked The Deputy Sheriff 
Avhy he had not followed him and taken him; he 
answered The Taking up the Axe and Clawson's Said 
threatnings. and further saith not. 

R L Hooper 
Sworn the 12"' day of Octobe iTil* before 

Ja: Alexander 


N° 15 

Sarah Martin 

Province of . Sarah Martins of the Township of 

New Jersey - ss Woodbridge in the CV)unty of Middle- 
Middlesex ) sex. Widow, of full Age, inaketh oath, 
That on Friday the IT"' of this Instant July about Nine 
of the Clock in the Morning a great Nuinbei* of People, 
to the Number of Seventy or Eighty, as this Deponent 
believes and was informed, came to this Deponents 
House, a Tavern in Woodbridge aforesaid, amongst 
which Company were Simon Wickoff, Thomas Claw- 
son, Hendrick Hooglandt, and many others to this 
deponent unknown but she believes them to be some 
of the Persons called, the Rioters; that they waited at 
this Deponent's House, and — thereabouts near two 
Hours, as thi;^ Deponent understood for Several more 
of their Gang coming up. And this Deponent further 
saith. That Some of the said Rioters said they were 
going to Amboy to take a Man out of Goal: That 
about Eleven o'Clock they went away towards Amboy. 
And this Deponent further saith. That about Four or 
five o'clock in the Afternoon of the Said Day, the said 
Rioters much about the aforesaid Number returned to 
her House, and that Simon Wickoff, Thomas Clawson, 
and Hendrick Hooglandt, were then in the said Com- 
pany: and this Deponent further says, thai she heard 
some of the Rioters say, that they had taken one John 
Bambridge out of Goal, and had sent him over the 
Ferry home and that if there had been a Hundred 
committed they would take them out as fast as they 
should be put in; for they did not go about such an Af- 
fair; but what they could do it, (or words to that Effect) 
And this Deponent further saith That slie heard some 
of the said Iii(jters (to this Deponent unknown) declare 
That if they had met with any Resistance in Amboy, 
or if they (meaning as this Deponent believes the Au- 


thority) had fired upon them the said Rioters, or liiirt 
any of them there Should not have been a Man left 
alive, or a House standing in the said City of Perth 
Amhoy, but they (the said Rioters) if they could 
have done nothing else, would have drove them 
into the River, And this Deponent further says, that 
she heard some of the Said Rioters say, they had built 
a Goal back in the Woods, and that they would take 
Ml John Cox and M' Samuel Nevill and put them into 
the said Goal, and then, see who durst fetch them out, 
or Words to this Effect. And this Deponent further 
says, That she understood by the said Rioters Expres- 
sions, That they had way-laid M' Cox in order to catch 
him, and that they threaten'd to do the said Mi' tbx a 
Mischief, and pull his House down to the Ground. 
And this Deponent further Saith, that Simon Wickoff 
said to this Deponent You knew of our Coming, why 
did you not get Beer, I recomended them to your 
House; And this Deponent reply 'd I did not expect to 
see you here, but I should not have got beer sooner 
upon this Account, Or Words to that Effect. And 
this Deponent further saith, that the said Rioters 
rejoysed and greatly triumphed in what they had done. 
And further this Deponent Saith not 


Sarah N Martin 


Sworn this 2()"' Day of July 1749 Before me 

Samuel Nevill 

N^ 16. 

Eben'; Saltar 

Province of i Ebenezer Saltar of the Township 

New Jersey [• of Woodbridge in the County of Mid- 
Middlesex ) dlesex Blacksmith of full Age; maketh 
Oath, That on friday the l?"/ of this 


Instant lie this Deponent Saw a great Nnmber of the 
T*eople called Eioters pass by his House; that he fol- 
lovv'd the Said Coni})any to the Widow Martins, a Tav- 
ern Keeper hard by; where he Saw amongst the said 
Rioters Edmund P)and)ridge Simon Wickoff Thomas 
Clauson, and Hendrick Hooglandt; And this Depo- 
nent further saith. That he asked Thomas Clawson 
what they were going to do with all them clubs, Claw- 
son reply 'd, they were going to Take John Bambridge 
out of Gaol at Amboy, who was put in there for tak- 
ing a man out of Somerset Gaol. And that tlie said^ 
C^lawson Said, He would have his Bonds of Samuel 
Nevill that day, or he would destroy all that the said 
Nevill liad, or words to that Effect And this Depo- 
nent fuither saith, That some Time in the afternoon, 
he saw the said Rioters return to the Widow Martins 
aforesaid, and that Thomas Clawson and Hendrick 
Hooglandt and Simon Wickoff was then amongst them* 
And this Deponent further saith, That he lieard one 
of the said Rioters say, that he wishVl they (meaning 
the Authority) had fired upon them the said Riotei's, 
for if they had, they never should have seen Such 
Work, for if tlieij would hare destroifd them cdl, ^^nd 
drove them into the Sea (or woi'ds to that effect) And 
this Deponent further saith, That some of the said 
Ri(~)ters said they heard that some othei-s were to be 
jmt in Gaol, upon which one of the said Rioters swore. 
That if they put any more of them in Gaol, they would 
go to some of the Head Gentlemen Proprietors, and 
drive them l)efore them like Dogs and make them take 
the said Riotei's out again Upon which this Deponent 
said, he wish'd they would carry some of them to New 
York (meaning the said Rioters) and what would they 
do then i They i-cply'd, that they would l)uild a Log 
House, and take as many of the Proprietors and con- 
fine them there, and use them as bad or woi'se till they 
brought the said Rioters back again — And this Depo- 


nent further saith, that the said Eioters triumphed 
greatly in what they had done, and huzza'd. And 
further this Deponent Saith not. 

Ebenezar Saltar 
Sworn this 20'" Day of July. 1749. Before me 

Samuel Nevill 

Letter from six of the Councit of Neiv Jersey to Gov- 
ernor Belcher — in relation to tJie Condition of the 

An Original Letter from Six of the Members of 
his Ma*^^ Councill to Gov'" Belcher, dated y'' 
22^ Decern!" 1748. 

Reced from M!' Morris March. 13. 1749-50. 

May it Please your Excellency. 

It it with very great Concern we find ourselves under 
a Necessity of Applying to your Excellency, in the 
Manner we now Do; hut the Duty of our Stations, and 
the oaths we have taken, as Members of his Majestys 
Councill, will not Permit us to neglect any thing that 
may tend to the Support of his Majestys Authority, to 
the Preservation of his peace, or to the Suppression of 
the Treasons, and traitorous Designs, that Do now, 
and for a Long time past have Subsisted, and been 
Carryed on, In this Province; in Which, his Majesty's 
Authority and Government have been Publickly 
Slighted, and Treated with open Contempt; we ShonkI 
have been heartily glad if your Excellency had been 
Pleased to have consulted his Majestys Councill on the 
Important Affairs of this Province, or, by Meeting 
with them as a Privy Councill, you had given them an 
Opportunity of Laying before you, and giving your 
Excellenfj their thoughts and Advice upon, the pre- 
sent Disorders of the Province. 


Had your Excellency been Pleased to have Complyed, 
with tlie Humble request of his Majestys Councill on 
friday last, when we had the Honour of your Presence 
in the Councill Chamber, by giving us an Opportunity 
of Laying some things before you, relating to his Maj- 
estys Service, and the Peace & Safety of the Province, 
we Should then have Communicated to your Excel- 
lency the resolutions the Councill had, that Day, in 
their Legislative Ca}>pacity, come into, upon the House 
of Assembly's refusing to Do any thing to Suppress a 
Treasonable Conspiracy Against his Majestys Govern- 
ment, & have Shewn, to your Excellency, the Danger- 
ous consequences of such their refusall, and How 
Much it Tended to Increase these Disorders, & to En- 
courage the Rebells & Traitors to go on in their Trea- 
sonable Attempts; lue Should have Shewn, to your 
Excellency, How unreasonable it was, to Expect any 
thing from an Assembly, upon any future Api)lication. 
to whom that matter had been recommended, no less 
tlian Eight Different times, without Effect, and the 
Absolute Necessity of an Immediate Application to his 
Majesty and his Ministers, before whom, we Conceived, 
the State and Condition of this Province ought, from 
time to time, but, more Especially at this time, to be 
Laid; we Should have Laid before your Excellency the 
Informations we had received, that Some of the Mag- 
istrates and Officers, in this l^art of the Province, had 
Encouraged those Publick Disturbances, and others 
had been veiy faulty and remiss in their Dutys, and 
Huml)ly have recommended, to your Excellency their 
removal, and the Making others, in theii- Stead; and, 
as great Numbers of Men, who stand Indicted, and 
regularly Accused, of High Treason, Did, and Still Do, 
go Publickly, about the Province, in High Contempt 
of the Royal Authority, and are Daily Exciting his 
Majestys Subjects to Treason and Rebellion; we Should 
humbly have Advised your Excellency, in Order to 
Prevent his Majesty's, yet Innocent, Subjects, • from 


being Led Away from their Duty, to have Issued a 
Proclamation, Against those Persons that are so In- 
dicted and Accused, and who stand out, by force, 
against tlie Officers of Justice, Thereby Declaring them 
Rebells Against our Sovereign Lord the King, and, in 
his Majestys Name, forbidding all liis Subjects, Within 
this Province, from Having any Intercourse, or Com- 
munication, with them; And this, we Conceived, would 
Prevent the Treasonable infection from Spreading so 
far, and so fast, as it otherwise might; All these Things 
we Should, in most humble manner, have Laid before 
your Excellency, as we thought it our Duty, and what 
his Majesty's service required, at a time when part of 
the Province was, and Still is, in an open Rebellion, 
Had not your Excellency refused to receive them, by 
Declaring, That his Majestys Coimcil had no right to 
give any Advice, till it was asked, and Immediately 
Leaving the Councill Chamber. 

We are Sorry to Differr from your Excellency, in 
Opinion, upon this Matter, But Cannot help thinking 
that it is the Duty of his Majestys Councill, & Agree- 
able to their oaths, to Lay before your Excellency, 
from time to time, what they may conceive Necessary 
for his Majestys service and the good and safety of this 
his Province; and we are humbly of opinion that it 
Would be for his Majestys service, if your Excellency 
was yet to take the Measures we were then About to 
Advise; but this, we must humbly Submitt to your 
Excellency; we Do Assure your Excellency that it is 
with great grief and Concern we behold the Present 
Distracted State of this Unhappy Province, Exi)osed 
to the ravages of a rebellious Mob, who by the Encour- 
agement they have received, are grown so bold & 
Numerous, as to bid open & publick Defyance to the 
Goverment, to break through all Laws, and to Plun- 
der the Estates of his Majesty's faith full Subjects, 
with Impunity: and we shall, as in Duty bound, con- 
tinue our Utmost Endeavours to Suppress these Dis- 


orders, and restore the Peace of the Province, and, by 
a Steady and faithfull Adherence to the Duty of our 
Stations, By a firm Opposition to Everything that May 
Lessen His Majestys Authority and bring his Gover- 
ineiit into Contempt, and by Endeavouring to Advance 
the real interest and Happiness of the People of the 
Province, we Doubt not we shall Approve ourselves 
his Majestys Loyall Subjects, and worthy of the Trust 
he has been pleased to place in us; And, by that 
respect, which is Always Due to his Majestys Repre- 
sentatives, show ourselves, at all times, 

Your Excellencys Most Obedient & 
Pertli Amboy Most humble Servants 

DecemT 22^' 1T4S Ja: Alexander 

Rob' H: Morris 
EdwI' Antill 
Ja' Hude 
And'"; Johnston 
Peter Kemble 
To His Excel! r Jonathan Belcher Esq: • 

A Certificate from G. of the Coun" 


Tliat on Friday December the 1(>''' 174S. His Excel- 
lency Jonathan Belchei- Esq! Came into the Councill 
Chamber when the following Members of his Majestys 
(Jouncill were Present (Viz) James Alexander, Rol)ert 
Hunter Morris, Edward Antill, James Hude, Andrew 
Johnston, Peter Kemble, and Thomas Leonard, and 
Having sent for the House of Assembly they Came 
and his Excellency haveing given his Assent to the 
bill for Support of Goverment and five other bills he 
was Pleased To Prorouge the General! Asseml)ly to 
the lt>'" Day of Febf -M!" Morris t!ien in behalf of tlie 
Couiici!! Applyed to liis Excellency and told liim tliat 
the Councill Had Severall Matters to Lay before him 


and to Advise him upon, relateing to the Present State 
of this Province which they beg'd he w^ould receive, 
but His Excellency replyed that the Councill Had no 
right to Advise him but when they were asked and 
that when he wanted their Advice he would Call them 
for that Pui-pose to which Mr Morris replyed that the 
Councill thought it their Duty to Advise his Excel- 
lency in Matters for his Majestys Service and the good 
of the Province whether His Excellency Demanded 
that Advise or not, upon which the Governor said 
" When I want the Advice of the Councill, I shall ask 
it, to Which M; Morris again reply VI ''I believe Sir 
the Councill will hardly wait for that, And then His 
Excellency Left the Councill Chamber. 

The Above facts being reduc'd to writing Immedi- 
ately After the Governor went away are true As Wit- 
ness our hands in the Councill Chamber this IG*-' Day 
of December 1748. 

Ja: Alexander 
UoBj H: Morris 
EDwf Antill 
Ja? Hude 
And^ Johnston 
Peter Kemble 

A List of the Persons names Recorded and Indicted 
for Diverse Riots, and for High Treason, in the 
Counties of Esse.r Middlesex and Somerset — and 
to ivhich the Attorney GeneraVs Answer, to the 
Order of Council ^narked Letter A, refers. Re- 
ceived from Mr. Morris March 13, 1749. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. \^, G 47.] 

A list of Rioters Names Indicted in the Court of 
Gen'-' Quarter Sessions, for the County of Essex, And 

1 750 J 



removed into the Supreme Court by Certior'. Novem' 

Term 1745— 

Nehemiah Baldwin, Nathaniel Williams, 

Joseph Pierson, Eliezer Lanison, 

Daniel Williams, Gamaliel Crane, 

A list of Rioters in Essex CViunty returned upon a 
Recoid of View, filed in the Suprem Court Novem' 
Term 1745—. 

John Tomkins, 
Abraham Eiker, 
William Williamson, 
Ebenezer Farrand 
Stephen Young, 
Tliomas Garder 
Job Crane, 
Robert Young, 
Tho" Serjeant 
Jonathan Squire 

Robert Ward, 
John Vincent, 
Johannes Van Wincle, 
Hendrick Jacobus, 
Thomas Williams 
Joseph Lawrence, 
Levy Vincent Jun!" 
Samuel Crowell, 
William Crane, 
Samuel Stevens, 
Elihu Ward, 

A list of Rioters in Essex County, returned upon a 
Record of View (for a Second Riot) filed in the Sup' 
Court in May Term 1746— 

Amos Roberts, 
Azariah Crane, 
Daniel Crane Jun!, 
Caleb Baldwin, 
Caleb Ward, 
John Harrison, 
John Brown Jun'. 
Moses Brown, 
Samuel Ogden, 
Tho- Lamson, 
Samuel Parkins, 
Jotham Conduit, 
John Dod, 
Daniel Taylor, Jun-', 

Larmes Vincent 
Josiah Lyndsly 
John Wells, 
Nathaniel Ball, 
John Baker, 
Nathan Baldwin, 
Ely Kent, 
Tlio^ Day, 

Jonathan Davis Jun', 
Isaac Vangeson, 
Paul Day, 
Joseph Williams, 
Zebede Brown, 
David Baldwin, 




Theophilus Burwell, 
Timothy Ball 
Timothy Meeker, 
Pethuel Pierson, 
Elisha Lyndsly, 
Aaron Ball, 
BenjP Peny, 

John Gardner 
Ebenezer Lyndsly, 
Tho^ Day Jun^ 
Amos Day, 
Ephraim Cranfield, 
Ezekiel Ball, 
Abel Ward, 
Amos Harrison, 

A List of Rioters Indicted in the Court of Gen" 
Quarter Sessions of the peace for the County Somerset 
& removed in to the Supreme Court by Certiorari in 
May Term 1747— 

Edmund Bainbridge, Samuel Price, 

John Anderson, John Bainbridge Jun', 

A L^.st of the persons Names Indicted for High 
Treason, at Amboy August Term 1747.— 
1 Edmund Bainbridge 17 Jacob Bodine, 

18 Bodine, 

19 Abraham Vanwinckle, 

20 Hendrick Hogelandt 

21 George Hoppe[r], 

22 John Hoppe[r], 

23 Daniel White, 

24 Thomas Bowman, 

25 Jost Hoppe 

2 Simon Wycoff 

3 Amos Roberts 

4 Theophalus Borral, 

5 Jacob Shipman, 

6 Philip Ike, 

7 Barent Devs^itt, 

S Cornelius Dehart, 
Thomas Clawson, 

10 Dallius Hegerman Jun', 20 Burgher Vanderbeek, 

11 John Ricke, 

12 Israel Ricke, 

13 John Jeffers, 

14 Cornelius Johnson, 

15 Garret Cornelinson, 
K) John Scermerhorn, 

27 George Bowman, 

28 Thomas Griffin, 

29 Cornelius Moore 

30 David Beearly, 

31 Abraham Anderson, 

32 Samuel Price, — 


The Assemhhj of New Jerseifs Rep rese citation to the 
Lords Coiiim issiouers for Trade mid Plantatious. 

To the Right Honourable the Lords Commis- 
sioners for Trade and Plantations, 

The Representation of the House of General 
Assembly of the Colony of New-Jersey, 
Convened at Perth- Amboy October, 19"' 


That it has on the Fifth day of this Instant been 
recommended Ijy his Excellency Guvernour Belcher to 
this House to make Provision for i)ayment of an 
Arrearage of Salary due (as he is pleased to term it) 
from this Colony to the Late Governour Morris at the 
time of his Death, which recommendation appears to 
be the Effect of your Lordship's Letter to tlie said 
Governour Belcher, dated White-Hall, November 25"' 
1748, An Extract of which being laid before us, we 
have Perused, and from Thence do find Your Lord- 
ships Press the matter above mentioned upon Account 
of the said Late Governour's Strict Adherence to the 
Directions of Your Lordships Board Touching his dis- 
sent to a Bill for Striking Forty Thousand Pounds in 
bills of Credit; And also in regard to a Petition pre- 
ferr'd in belialf of the Executors of the said Late Gov- 
ernour respecting the Premises, which I*etition sets 
forth that his Representatives Suffer on account of his 
adherence .in Manner aforesaid. 

Wherefore we have Taken the Premises into Our 
Considei'ation, and in deliberating thereon, have had 
recourse to the Journals of the House; from wlience 


we find the Representatives of the said Late Governour 
do not Suffer for his Adherence in the manner Set 
forth in the said Petition, he having agreed to Pass the 
said Bill on Condition the Assembly would Comply 
with his Terms, which not being Granted the bill 
dropt. but True it is that the said Governour had no 
Salary set a part for him from the 231' of September, 
17-44, Down to his Death, which happened the 21'' day 
of May, 1740; but this was owing to his own Obstinacy 
in not accepting it in the manner the Assembly thought 
Proper to Offer it, And to the Abuse of the Royal 
Powers with him Intrusted, which he Exercised to the 
great Prejudice of the Publick: and therefore we Can- 
not think it Consistent with our duty to make any 
allowance to his Representatives, And have urged his 
Misconduct for Our Justification herein, Together 
with a Precedent which he himself was Principally 
Concerned in Establishing in a Similar Case; all which 
we have Signified by our Message of the 17'" Instant 
to Governour Belcher, for a Perusal of which, and a 
Particular State of the said Late Governour's Conduct, 
we refer Your Lordships to printed Copies of the 
Journals of this House from his Accession to the Gov- 
ernment down to this Time, which we have Ordered 
Richard Partridge, Esq! Our Agent in London, to lay 
before you, where every thing, herein either Suggested 
or set forth, will at large appear; and by which we 
Conceive your Lordships will be Convinced, That no 
allowance ought to be made the said Representatives. 
By Order of the House 

Samuel Nevill Speaker. 
Several of the Members of the House being of the 
People called Quakers agi-ee to the Substance of this 
Representations with their usual Exception to the 


Order of the Lo7xls of the Committee of ComiciU dated 
the 'Ml of May 1750, referring to this Board the 
Petition of the General Assenil>Iy of Neir-Jerseij 
to His Majesty, dated the 2\)th of October 1749. 

IFroni P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. VI, G .57.1 

*^^^* At the Council Chamber Whitehall the 

T- s. S'^ of May 1750 

=^— * By the Right Honourable the Lords of 
the Committee of Council for Plantation 
Affairs — 

His Majesty having been pleased by His (Jrder in 
C^)uncil of the ll''' of last Month to referr unto this 
Committee the Petition of the House of Representa- 
tives of the Colony of New Jersey in General Assem- 
bly convened, Setting forth amongst other Things, 
that the Proprietors of the Eastern Division of that 
Colony from the first Settlement thereof, have Sur- 
veyed Patented and divided their Lands by Conces- 
sions amongst themselves in sucli Manner as that 
many Iregularitys have insued from thence which 
have occasioned Multitudes of Controversys and Law 
Suits about Titles and Boundarys of Lands, That the 
Inhabitants of the said Colony have hitherto fully 
demonstrated their Principles of Duty and Loyalty to 
the (lovernmentby Supporting of Cxovernment to their 
best Ability granting Aid in time of War when 
required by any Intimations of tlie Royal Pleasure 
and by a ready Submission to the Laws of the Land 
excepting of late some imprudent People have in a 
riotous Manner obstructed the Course of legal Proceed- 
ings brought against them by their Antagonists touch- 
ing some of those Controversys about Lands, And 


therefore humbly beseeching that His Majestys will 
be graciously pleased to continue to His Loyal Subjects 
of that Colony His Royal Countenance in such Manner 
as He in His Wisdom shall see meet— The Lords of the 
Committee this day took the said Petition into their 
Consideration, and are hereby pleased to referr the 
same to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plan- 
tations (who have now under their Consideration the 
State of the said Province) to examine into the said 
Petition, and Report their Opinion thereupon at the 
same time they lay the State of said Province before 
this Committee. 

W. Sharpe 

To His most Sacred Majesty George the Second, 
over Great Britain, France and Ireland 
King Defender of the Faith &cf in Council 

The Petition of the House of Representatives of 
the Colony of New Jersey in General Assem- 
bly convened — 

31ost huiiihly Sheireth 

That the Proprietors of the Eastern Division of this 
Colony from the first Settlement thereof, have Sur- 
veyed Patented and Divided their Lands by C^onces- 
sions amongst themselves in such Manner as from 
thence many Irregularitys have ensued which have 
occasioned Multitudes of Controversys and Law Suits 
about Titles and Boundarys of Lands — 

That the Inhabitants of this Colony have hitherto 
fully demonstrated their Principles of Duty and Loy- 
alty to the Government as by the Laws of Great Brit- 
ain it is Established in Your Illustrious House, by 
Supporting of Government to their best Ability, Grant- 
ing Aid in time of War when required by any Intima- 
tions of the Royal Pleasure and by a ready Submission 


to the Laws of the Land, excepting of late some impru- 
dent People have in a riotous Manner obstructed the 
Course of legal Proceedings brought against them by 
their Antagonists touching some of those Controvei'sys 
about Lands — 

That those Controversys have subsisted between a 
Number of Poor People on the One Part and some of 
the Rich, Understanding and Powerful on the other 
Part, among whom are James Alexander Esq' a great 
Proprietor, an Eminent Lawyer, One of Your Majestys 
C^ouncil and Surveyor General for this Colony, and 
Robert Hunter Morris Esq'.' Chief Justice and one of 
Your Majestys Council in said Colony — 

Tliat they the said Alexander and Morris not yield- 
ing to Determine the Matters in Contest by a few 
Tiials at Law; as the Nature of the Thing would admit, 
but on the contrary Discovering a Disj^osition to Harrass 
those People by a Multiplicity of Suits, the last men- 
tioned became uneasy (as we conceive) through fear 
those Suits might be determined against them, when 
considei-ed, that the the said Chief Justice Moi-ris was 
Son of the then late Governor Morris by whose CV)m- 
mission the other Judges of the Supreme Coui't acted 
and by whom the Sheriffs throughout the Colony had 
been appointed, and should a Multiplicity of Suits have 
been determined against those People instead of a few 
only which would have Answered the purpose the ex- 
traordinary & unnecessary Charges occasioned thereby 
would so far have weakened their Hands as to render 
them unal)le to Appeal to Your Majesty in Council 
from whom they might expect Impartial Justice — 

That those are in the Opinion of the House the 
Motives that prevailed on those unthinking People to 
obstruct the Course of those Legal Proceedings and 
not any Disaffection to Your Majestys Person or Gov- 
ernment. — 

That the said late Governor Morris during his Ad- 


ministration exercised the Royal Powers with him 
intrusted by Your Majesty very detrimentally to the 
Welfare of this Your Majestys Colony as is more par- 
ticularly set forth in a Message to his Excellency Our 
present Governor, a Copy of which We beg Your Maj- 
estys leave to suffer Our Agent to lay before You, 
which with other Reasons induced the Assemblys 
towards the latter part of his Administration to pro- 
pose providing for his Support on Condition he would 
do the Dutys of Government which was the Reason he 
would not accept it, and therefore died without having 
any Salary for about Twenty Months during which 
time he appeared highly incensed against those Assem- 
blys and endeavoured by Insinuation to charge the 
Irregularitys to Your Majesty — 

That since the said Governors Decease, his Son the 
said Chief Justice has kept up his Fathers Resentment 
against the late and present Assembly for not making- 
Provision for payment of what he calls his Fathers 
Arreai's and seems inclinable to improve any thing he 
can to the prejudice of those Assemblys and because 
they have been disinterested in the private Contests 
al)out Lands and so have preserved a Strict indiffer- 
ence between the Contending Partys without favour- 
ing his Interest, We understand he and his Adherents 
have from thence taken occasion to charge th se As- 
semblys with abetting those disorderly People which 
We presume gave rise to a Petition said to be trans- 
mitted to Your Majesty by the Council of Proprietors 
of the said Eastern Division of this Colony of which 
We have a Copy wherein divers Facts are set Forth 
that We dont admit to be true and as the Principal 
Men of the said C^ouncil of Proprietors are likewise the 
most leading Men in Your Majestys Council here. We 
have some reason to expect something of the like 
Nature either liath already been or will hei'eafter be 
sent to Your Majesty from them, To obviate which as 
far as may concern the Conduct of the Assemblys We 


further beg leave that Your Majesty will suffer Our 
Agent to lay before You the Copy of what We have 
said to his Excellency Our present Governor on that 
Head in Our Address — 

That as an Argument of the Loyalty of those Assem- 
hljs we raay with great humility Eemark that they 
have with a most cheerful Alacrity granted upwards 
of £24, <»()() to aid Your Majesty in the late War against 
the Powers of France and Spain including a Loan to 
Your Majesty for arming and Cloathing the Forces 
raised in this Colony upon the late intended Expedi- 
tion against Canada in pursuance of Your Royal Pleas- 
ure signified by the Duke of Newcastles Letter of 
April 9'!' IT-K). And by the Zeal of those Assemblys 
for the Success and Glory of Your Majestys Arms this 
Poor Colony is greatly involved in Debt, and to reheve 
them therein a Bill for striking £4(),0(>0 in Bills of 
Credit has been transmitted with a suspending Clause 
for Your Majestys Assent which we humbly pray may 
obtain it, or otherwise this Colony will be in a most 
Disti'essed Condition — 

That as a further Instance of the Assemblys Loyalty 
they have witliin less than two Years passed four sev- 
eral Bills at different Sessions for enabling the Legis- 
lature to Settle the Quota's of each respective County 
in this Colony as a preparatory Step for levying Pro- 
vincial Taxes for Supply of the Treasury to the End 
Government may be supported in an Honourable Man- 
ner and the Del)ts of the Colony discharged with all 
convenient Dispatch: But so it is, may it please Your 
Majesty, that the Council have hitherto amended those 
Bills in such manner that the House could by no Means 
agree to, under Pretence that some Part of them is 
r('})ugnant to One of Your Majestys Instructions which 
we understand in a different light and do find the Part 
olijected against by them conformable to a former Law 
of this Colony, consistent with the said Instruction and 


agreeable to Justice and Equity so that those Gentle- 
mens repeated Dissent to that Bill seems to discover 
some sinister Views in them they being possessed of 
large Tracts of profitable Lands which by the said Bills 
as passed by the Assemblys would have been liable to 
be taken on Account in Order to be hereafter Taxed — 

That as preceeding Assemblys of New Jersey have 
hitherto demonstrated their firm Attachment t ) Your 
Majestys Person and Government so We as by Duty 
and Interest We are obliged shall always continue to 
do the same humbly beseeching Your Majesty will be 
graciously Pleased to continue to Your Loyal Subjects 
of this Colony Your Royal Countenance in such Man- 
ner as You in Your Wisdom shall see meet — 

And We Your Majestys Petitioners (as in Duty 
Bound) shall ever pray &c:' 

By Order of the House 

Samuel Nevill Speaker 

Several of the Members of the House being of the 
People called Quakers, agree to the Matter and Sub- 
stance of this Petition with their usual Exception to 
the Stile — 

October 19'."^ 1749. 

Representation to the Lords of his Majesty's most 
Honorabte Privy Councit — upon the present state 
of h is Majesty^ s Province of New Jersey. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. XV, pages '^08 to .34.5.] 

To the Eight Hon^?^ the Lords of His Majesty's 

most Hon^:'' Privy Council. 
My Lords, 

Pursuant to your Lordships Order of the lo'l' of 
April 1749 & 2'' of February last, We have taken into 
Our Consideration the present State of His Majesty's^ 


Province of New Jersey, with respect to the great 
Eiots and Disorders which have so long prevail'd and 
do still continue within the same; and having thor- 
oughly examined all the Papers, which have heen 
transmitted to us relative thereto and having likewise 
been attended by Robert Hunter Morris Esq"^ Chief 
Justice of the said Province, lately arriv'd in England, 
and had all such information as he had to offer. We 
shall humbly beg leave to lay before your Lordships 
an Account of the Rise & Progress of these Riots and 

But previous thereto it may not be improper to state 
the original Right of the Crown to the Soil & Govern- 
ment of this Province; 

1".^ Because the Disturbers of the publick Peace have 
absolutely denied that Right to the soil, have set u[) 
the Right «)f the Indians in opposition thereto, and 
made it their pretence for aU the Outrages they have 
committed & 2'^!'' Because many Facts that will occur 
in the State of this Case will be thereby explained & 
more clearly understood. 

This Country was first discovered by Subjects of 
England whereby the Right to the Soil and (Tovern- 
ment thereof was vested in the Crown of England and 
was afterwards granted by King Charles the 2'! to his 
Bi-other the Duke of York in KWi^-l-. 

In the year KUU the Duke of York granted New 
Jersey to the Lord Barclay of Stretton >S: Si' George 
Cartaret who estahlish'd a Government, consisting of 
a Governor, C*ouncil & Assembly, with a Power to tlie 
Governor & C*ouncil to grant Lands under certain 
Conditions, wliicli they published as an Encouragement 
to Persons to settle there. In KmO these two Proprie- 
tors by deed of Partition divided the Province })etween 
them, calling it East & West Jersey, whereof West 
Jersey was assign'd to Lord Barclay & East Jersey to 
S'' George Carteret, & after his Death, was sold by his 


widow, to twelve persons, who separately sold half 
their respective Interests to twelve others, by which 
means the Property became vested in twenty four. 

In 17<>3, upon Complaints being made of great In- 
justice & Irregularity in the Administration of the 
pretended Governm* of this Province under the Pro- 
prietors, they thought proper to surrender the Gov- 
ernment to the Crown, reserving their Kight to the 
Soil & the Rents & Profits thereof, for the Security & 
Preservation of which, as well as preventing Pur- 
chases of Lands from the Indians, very positive In- 
structions were from time to time given to the sevl 
Governors of this Province, & Provision likewise made 
by several Laws pass'd there, particularly by two pass'd 
in 16S3 & 1703, by the former of which all persons are 
prohibited from calling the Indians together, purchas- 
ing Lands of them, or treating with them on any pre- 
tence without a Licence from the Governor under the 
Province seal, and by the latter all Persons are pro- 
hibited from purchasing Lands of the Indians without 
producing a Certificate of their Title under the Propri- 
etors, in order to obtain a License for such purchase: 
And all Purchases that had been made by Persons not 
having a Title under the Crown, or from any person 
claiming under the same, are declared null and void. 

For many years New York & New Jersey were 
under the same Governor, who chiefly resided at New 
York, but the Inhabitants of New Jersey having, in 
the year 1736, represented the great Hardships & In- 
conveniencies that arose therefrom, and that they were 
willing & able to support a Governor of their own Pro- 
vince, a Governor was appointed, but without any Al- 
lowance from the Crown for his Support, his sole De- 
pendence for which was on the Good will of the People. 

This unhappy Dependance soon became in this Pro- 
vince, as it has been in many others, the Occasion of 
great Contention & Dispute between the different 


Branches of the Legislature, whereby the piibhck Ser- 
vice was obstructed, and the Authority of the Govern- 
ment greatly weakened, & as the People of this Pro- 
vince are, in a particular manner, by Principle, averse 
to Kingly Government, and have always taken every 
Opportunity of trampling upon the Authority of the 
Ci-own, so they did not fail to make their Advantage 
of a Power so absolutely placed in their Hands; The 
Assembly refusing to grant any money for the Support 
of Government, unless His Majesty's Governor would 
comply with every Measure they proposed, however 
unjustifiable, or contrary to His Majesty's Instructions, 
and tho' the late Governor Morris did, by a very pru- 
dent & steady Conduct, endeavour to restore the Peace 
of the Province, greatly disturb'd by such Divisions, 
and made frequent Remonstrances to the Assembly of 
the dangerous Consequences which would infallibly 
attend such violent Proceedings, yet no Regard was 
paid thereto, and they went on iu daily Acts of open 
Violation of His Majesty's Prerogative, whereby all 
Authority of Government was destroy'd, & the Powers 
thereof totally unhing'd. 

And as in all Governments wicked Men never fail to 
take Advantage of Weakness and Distress, to carry 
their evil designs into Execution, it was at this time 
that a great Numl)er of Persons, chiefly the dregs of 
the People, and many of them Irish, some of which 
had seated themselves upon Lands under pretence of 
Purchases from the Indians, but the greater part with- 
out any Title or pretence of Title at all, taking Advan- 
tage of the unhappy Divisions in the Province, and at 
a time when this Country was employ'd in prosecuting 
a just & necessary War against two powerful! Nations, 
& in quelling an unnatural Rebellion at home, entred 
hi C*oml)inations to subvert the Laws, & obstruct the 
Course of legal Proceedings, denying His Majesty's 
Right to the Soil or Government of America, and in- 


sinuating that the Koyal Grants thereof were void and 
fraudulent: And in the prosecution of this design, it 
appears that one Samuel Baldwin an Inhabitant of 
this Province having been committed to the Goal for 
the County of Essex at Newark, in an Action of Tres- 
pass for cutting of Trees, wherein he refused to give 
Bail or enter an Appearance, about 150 persons did, on 
the 19. of September 1745, come in a riotous manner 
and with Arms to the said Goal, broke it open & took 
out the Prisoner, threatening all those who should en 
deavour to punish them for this Fact, and saying if 
any of them were taken, they would come to his Re- 
lief with double the Number, & bring with them a 
hundred Indians; In consequence hereof the grand 
Jury of the County of Essex, upon Return of a Record 
upon View made by two Justices of the Peace, and 
the Under Sheriff, presented a Bill of Indictment 
against six of the Rioters, with many others unknown, 
for committing the said Riot; And this matter having 
been represented to M'.' Morris, the late Governor of 
this Province, he, on the 2"'" of September 1745, sent 
a Message to the House of Representatives then sit- 
ting, acquainting them with this Riot, setting forth 
the dangerous C^onsequences of it, & recommending to 
them to make some Provision by a Militia Act or other 
Acts to prevent the like for the future; On the S'! of 
October following, the Assembly sent a Message to the 
Governor representing their abhorrence of these Riots, 
but that as far as they knew the Laws then in Force 
were sufiicient for the Punishment of those that are 
guilty of the Breach of them: To which the Governor 
replied by Message of the IS"' of October, that neither 
the Militia Act nor any other they had attempted to 
make, were sufficient to quell a Riot of that kind, for 
which Foj'ce might be necessary, which could not be 
had without some Provision to supjjort them, nor 
could the Officers & Courts necessary to convict the 


Rioters attend that Service without Salaries or some 
provision to defray the Charge of Prosecution, which 
that House had not provided for. 

On the is^'' of Octoher the Governor, by Advice of 
His Majesty's Council, issued his Order to the Attorney 
General to pi'osecute the Delinquents & at the same 
time a Warrant to the Sheriff of Essex to apprehend 
& bring to Justice all Persons concerned in the said 
Riot: And according three of Rioters were appre- 
hended, two of which having refused to enter into 
Recognizance, they were committed to Goal, and a 
Guard of the Militia placed upon them; But as the 
Sheriff was carrying one of them before a Justice of 
the Supreme Court, he was assaulted by a Number of 
persons armVl, who by Violence rescued the Prisoner, 
whereupon the Slieriff returned to the Goal to secure 
the other two Prisoners, but a Mob of about ;^)<><) 
Rioters having assembled in the Town after wounding 
several of the Guards and the Sheriff', who opposVl 
them, and notwithstanding the King's Proclamation 
was read, they broke open the Prison doors and re- 
leased the other two Prisoners, & two others confined 
to debt, and all the Sheriff could do was to make a 
Record upon View against Amos Roberts and 57 of the 
Rioters by Name & others unknown to the Number 
of ;5(M). 

Soon after tliis Riot there appeared in a })ubhck 
Newspai)er callxl the New York weekly Post Boy of 
the 17"' of Feb'ry a Letter as from the Rioters, declar- 
ing the Cause of their Riot, setting forth that the Pro- 
prietors of Jersey so call'd had surveyed & sold Lands 
whereon they were seated by piu'chase from the Native 
Owners, and had demanded of such as had Patents to 
pay their Quit rents for their Lands, which animated 
them to stand by their Properties, & they had chosen 
a Committee to transmit their Case to England to be 
laid l)efore the King: That tlie Proprietors had serv'd 


Processes of Ejectment, and had rejected their Propo- 
sal of trying their Rights by Law; That what they 
had done was in defence of their Property, asserting 
they were loyal Subjects to King George. In answer 
to this Letter, the Council for the Proprietors pubhsh'd 
& delivered to the General Council & Assembly a 
Paper setting forth their Right to the Lands possess'd 
by the Rioters, that they had several times proposed to 
these People to join issue in Tryals of their Claims, but 
were refused, & upon their complaining for want of 
money to transmit their Affairs & Circumstances to 
England, they offer'd to lend them what they wanted 
for that purpose. 

The Governor having received Information of the 
last Riot did by Advice of the Council represent to the 
Assembly in his Speech to them on the 14"' of March 
1745, the great Probability there was of these Insur- 
rections ending in open Rebellion, if timely Measures 
were not taken to check them, and recommended the 
Affair to their serious Consideration, acquainting them 
at the same time that he had done all in his power to 
suppress this Evil, but without Effect. In answer to 
this Recommendation the Assembly acquainted him 
that they had order'd a bill to be brought in for the 
better regulating the Militia, for repelling Invasions, 
and suppressing Insurrections & Rebellions, which they 
hoped would prove eft'ectual, and that they would 
chearfully join the other branches of the Legislature 
in any further Measures as they the Assembly con- 
ceived necessary for the more effectual suppressing 
such dangerous Proceedings: And on the S"' of May 
1740 the Militia Act was finally pass'd by the Governor, 
Council & Assembly, but has not been ti-ansmitted to 
this Office. 

It appears from a Paper transmitted to this B(^ard 
by Mess'.- Alexander and Morris two of the Council of 
New Jersey, after the Death of the Governor, that 


about this time forty fighting Indians were come to 
hve at a Place calFd Cranbei'ry, within the Province of 
New Jersey, who gave out that there were 300 more 
coming to settle there, That the Cause pretended for 
such a Number of Indians, coming to live there was, 
that they were to be taught the Christian Religion by 
one M'.' Brainard, and for that purpose they came to 
build a Town, a C-hurch & School house, upon the 
Land of one Falconar, of London Merchant, This 
Paper represents that whatever Truth there might be 
in the pretence for those Indians gathering together in 
that place near the very Centre of the Province, it was 
not known that M'.' Brainard had ever made any Ap- 
plication to the Governor for leave to gather those 
Indians there, but from the threats of the Rioters and 
many other Circumf?tances there was good reason to 
apprehend that the gatliering of those Indians was 
concerted by them. 

On the 2-1'.'' of April 1T4<'>, the Council, as is set forth 
in the State of Facts drawn up by them in 1747, not 
thinking what had been done by the Legislature suf- 
ficient pass'd a Bill to prevent Riots nearly in the 
words of the Statute of P.' of George the first against 
Riots, expressing the difi'erence and the Occasion, and 
to be in force only for five years. — This Bill was sent 
down to the Assembly for their Concurrence, bat was 
order'd to lie on the Table to be reconsidered at the 
next Session. Notwithstanding however the Bill was 
not pass'd, yet the Assembly ordered it to be printed 
in the Vote, wath a view as may be reasonably sup- 
posed of exposing His ]\Iajesty's Council to the Resent- 
ment of the Rioters. 

On the 17"' of April as appears from a Minute of the 
Assembly, a Petition of several Persons subscribed 
thereto stiling themselves a Committee chosen by the 
Petitioners was presented to the House and read, set- 
ting forth, their Claims to Lands possess'd by them, & 


praying that way might be made by the Legislative 
Power's for their Relief, by granting them freely to 
seek & use all lawfull means to obtain Redress of their 
wrongs by humble Application to his Majesty in Coun- 
cil, and praying the House to lay the Petition upon the 
Governor in Council; At the same time another Peti- 
tion of the Inhabitants of the Northern Parts of the 
Province was presented, setting forth, that they held 
Lands by purchase from the Indians, that the Proprie- 
tors had brought Suits against them, praying to be re- 
liev'd, and that their past misconduct, if such, might 
pass under the Act of Indemnity; In the aforemen- 
tioned Paper transmitted to the Board by Mess'.' Alex- 
ander & Morris, they setforth That a great Number of 
Names were sew'd and pasted to this last mentioned 
Petition, which had been subscribed to some other 
Writings, as appears by some of the latter words 
thereof, still remaining, and that Multitudes of those 
Names were of one jjersons hand writing — the same 
Paper likewise setsforth that John Lowe Esq' a Mem- 
ber of the Assembly, was one of the Committee of the 
Rioters and acted as such. 

Upon reading the aforementioned Petitions, M' 
Neville the Speaker of the Assembly made a very full 
answer thereto in the Assembly, disproving the Alle- 
gations thereof, & proposing their being rejected, 
declaring at the same time, that he should be far from 
opposing a pardon to the Petitioners, but should rather 
promote it, and accordingly moved the Assembly to 
apply to the Governor to extend His Majesty's Mercy 
to the Rioters by a general Pardon, under such Restric- 
tions and upon such Condition, as he should think 
proper, but no such Application was mde. The Coun- 
cil however, in expectation thereof, prepared an Act 
of Indemnity, which was approved by the late Gover- 
nor & sent down to the Assembly, by which all con- 
cern'd in the said Riots were to be pardon 'd, upon their 


taking the Oaths to His Majesty, and giving their own 
single Bonds: withont any Secnrity to he of their good 

On the" of April 1740, it was put to the Vote in 
Assemhly, without any regard to what had been |)ro- 
posed by Mr Neville, whether the aforemention'd Peti- 
tions, together with the Proposals of the Committees 
for their Petitioners should be sent up to the Governor, 
& carried in the Affirmative, but it does not appear 
from the Minutes of the Assembly what these Propo- 
sals were nor is thei'e any mention made of them in 
the s'' Minutes before that day. 

They were however together with the Petitions laid 
before the Council for their Opinion what would be 
proper to be done concerning them, but the Governor 
dying in May 1740 before any Opinion could be had 
upon them, it was thought proper to deliver them to 
the Proprietors, for their Answer thereto; From the 
Papers communicated by them to the Council, it 
appears that the Proposal of the Committee of the 
Rioters was to accept what had been before offer'd to 
them by the Proprietors, of bringing in Action against 
any one Person they should name in ordei' to have the 
matters in dispute <-anied into England by Appeal 
from the Courts of Law there, of which Offer they 
denied ever having had Notice, this Proposal was 
accoidingly complied with by the Proprietors, and a 
Declaration of Ejectment s<n'vM i)ursuant thereto, and 
notice thereof given, and their Attorney declared that 
their Council jnepared their part of a special Verdict, 
and that he intended the first day of August Term to 
enter into the General Rule with Securities ready to 
be given on their part, but no Person came on the part 
of the Rioters, wherefore on that day immediately 
before the rising of the Court, the Action was entered 
in the minutes of the Court and the Defendant was 
solemnlye call'd, but nobody appear'd for the Defend- 


ant, of which an Entry was made in the Minutes of 
the Court, And altho' upon the request of the Commit- 
tee fo]' the Rioters, that the Proprietors would quit one 
of their Council, the Proprietors did propose to them 
the means of saving the Loss of time likely to eusue 
hy their not joining issue in the Action brought at 
their Request, yet no Application was made in pursu- 
ance thereof, & no mention was made in Court for 
having Council appointed, from whence it may be 
inferred, that those Proposals were intended by the 
Rioters to amuse the Legislature and excuse them- 
selves from the Refusal of complying with the fair 
Offers made by the Proprietors. 

On the 2 if of May 174(3 the Council receiv'd Infor- 
mation that the Infection of the Newark Rioters was 
spreading into the Province of New York, for that one 
Man there by encouragement from the Rioters had 
purchased about one thousand Acres of Land from the 
Indians, part of a Tract of Land granted under the 
Seal of that Province above forty years before, and 
with sixteen Indians had enter'd upon it and girdled 
about three hundred Trees of fine Timber, and with 
others was endeavouring to draw other People of that 
Province into the same Practice, assuring them tliat 
tlie Indian Right would be found the only true Right, 
that the people of Newark had agreed to stand by one 
another to support that Right, and had a Paper of 
People's Names who had so agreed, & that they need 
only send down their Names to be put to that Paper, 
& they would stand by all such persons; that the same 
Infection was also spreading into West New Jersey, 
for that the People seated on the one hundred thou- 
sand Acre-Tract in the County of Hunterdon belonging 
to the Proprietors of West New Jersey had lately had 
two Meetings in order to agree to stand by one aiiotlier 
in defence of their Possessions against the Proprietors, 
tho' they were seated on their Lands by Leases from 


them, and that they had agreed to a Paper for the 
Purpose, and about seventy had sign'd it, at a meeting 
on the 26'.'' of April — That one Article of the Paper 
was That if any person seated on the said Tract should 
refuse to sign that Paper, that he should be dispos- 
sessed by the rest, and his Improvement sold to the 
best Bidder, and that from their riding to & fro, there 
was reason to apprehend they were forming a gen! 

The Government of this Province having u[)on the 
death of M'" Morris, on the 21-* of May 174<), devolved 
ui)on M'.' Hamilton President of the Council he 
appointed a Meeting of the Assembly on the 11'!' of 
June, and in a Speech made to them on the 2S. of 
June, he acquainted them with the Riots which had 
been committed and that all the Methods that Govern- 
ment could prudently use to put a stop to them had 
proved ineffectual, and it was not in the Power of the 
Government to bring the Delinquents to Justice, that 
these Attempts were of such dangerous Consequence 
that unless the Legislature took effectual means to 
punish for the time past & prevent for the future 
things of such a Nature they would have reason to 
fear the Resentm' of His Majesty and of a British Par- 
liament, and therefore recommended to them to take 
vigorous Measures for restoring the Peace of the Prov- 
ince and giving the Laws their due force, the Assem- 
bly however adjourn'd from that day to the U"' of 
October without taking the President's Speech into 
Consideration, the Rioters having in the meantime by 
Force dispossessed several Persons of their Estates or 
obliging them to take Leases from them, for which 
sev! of them were indicted, and tho' at the Assembly's 
Meeting again, on the OV' of October, they were re- 
minded by the President of what he had before repre- 
sented to them, it does not appear that they took any 
Steps therein, but on the 1"' of November sent a Mes- 


sage to the President to acquaint that they had gone 
thro' all their Business and desired Leave to be dis- 
miss'd and were accordingly adjournal to the 25'.'' 

This Inactivity of the Assembly was attended with 
further Outrages by the Rioters, who on the 2^ of De- 
cember 174f) to the Number of an hundred, broke open 
the Goal of the County of Somerset and set at Liberty 
one Abraham Anderson, who had been committed 
thereto upon legal Process, for which five of them 
were indicted, the rest coming from Essex County 
were unknown. It appears however from the Informa- 
tion of M'.' Nevill the Speaker of the Assembly upon 
Oath, that upon their Return to Newark, they had 
form'd a design of coming to Amboy to pull down his 
House, if he should refuse to deliver up to Thomas 
Clawson some Bonds of his for money due to M!" Nevill, 
and that the said Clawson accordingly made a demand 
of them, saying he would have them, if he died for it; 
Informations of these Proceedings having been given 
to the President of the Council he communicated the 
same to His Majestys Council, who advised him to 
issue his Warrant to the Sheriff of Middlesex to appre- 
hend the said Clawson or any Persons that should 
assemble themselves to execute their Threats against 
M'.' Neville, and if needfull to raise the Posse of the 
County, which was accordingly done, and a Proclama- 
tion issued at the same, forbidding all Persons to join 
with the said Rioters, or to assist, counsel or receive 
them, and commanding the Sheriffs of the several 
Counties within the Province, that in case any Num- 
ber of Men should unlawfully assemble themselves in 
any of the Counties to the Disturbance of th'j Peace, 
they should raise the Posse of their respective Counties 
to suppress them. 

On the is'.^ of March 1746-7 the President acquainted 
the Council, that as there was an absolute necessity 
that His Majesty and his Ministers should be inform'd 


of the state & Condition of this Province of the many 
Riots, pubhck Breaches of the Peace, & other Con- 
tempts of his Majesty's Authority & Laws, he had, 
finding himself in a had State of Health, requested 
Mess" Alexander and Morris, two of the Members of 
that Board, to lay the State of the Province before His 
Majesty's principal Secretaries of State, and this Board, 
and he communicated to the Council Copies of the 
several Letters they had wrote to the Duke of New- 
castle and this Board, and also a State of the Facts 
which had been transmitted by them, which had the 
Approbation of the Council. 

On the 25'.'' of March 1747, the Proprietors publislfd 
a printed Narrative of what had been done in Conse- 
quence of the Proposal which had laid before the 
Assembly by the Rioters, and their Refusal to com])ly 
with the Offer which was made by the Proprietors 
thereupon of bi'inging an Action against any one Per- 
son, in order that the matter in dispute might be car- 
ried into England by an Appeal, In answer to this 
Narrative & to the Publication of the Proprietors on 
the 25'!' of March 1740, which has been before men- 
tion'd, a Paper was soon after published and printed 
l)y the Committee of the Rioters, setting forth their 
Right of Purchase from the Indians alledging that 
their Lands were purchased under a Licence from the 
Governor of that Province in IGHO, to purchase what 
quantity and when and where the Purchasers should 
think convenient. That all their Lands were pur- 
chased before any Laws were made to prohibit Pur- 
chases from the Indians That as to the pretence of the 
Proprietors Right, there never was any just and law 
full Title to any Lands within that Colony, unless 
obtainxl by compact and purchase with c^' from tlie 
Native Owners thereof, that they readily agreed to the 
carrying the Dispute into England by Appeal from a 
Court of common law, without any further Process 


there, but finding a Sclieme of the Proprietors for a 
Suit in Law contrary to or at least devious from what 
was before pubhsh'd, and supposing they might be 
ensnared, they apphed to M!' Smith a Counsel at Law, 
who consented to undertake for them, provided he 
could be released by the Proprietors, which they 
denied, and that they conceiv'd their acquiescing in 
what the Attorneys, assignd them by the Court, 
should please to do in their Cause, was committing 
the whole Affair to the Decision of the Proprietors, 
and so far were these people from acquiescing in any 
degree with the Offer of the Proprietors or submitting 
themselves to the Laws of their Comitry, that they 
still went on committing Acts of open Violence, 
assembling in great Numbers, breaking open People's 
houses, turning some out of Possession, & taking 
their Houses & Lands into their own Possession, and 
threatening others; They likewise erected Courts of 
Judicature, and determined Causes by hearing one 
side, but intended for the future to hear both, they 
also took upon them to choose their Militia Officers 
buoying themselves up at the same time with their 
Numbers, Friends & Strength, not only in New Jer- 
sey, but New York, Long Island, Pennsylvania & 
New England, saying they were not afraid of any 
thing the Government could do to them, and giving' 
out that from their Numbers, Violences and unlawfull 
Actions they inferr'd that they were wrong'd & 
oppress'd, or else they would never rebel against the 
Laws; That they like wise, a greed to defend all their 
Lands by Mob, & that others who had no Right but 
Possession and Improvement had join'd in [Inn En- 
gagements to stand by one another until death, that 
they were resolv'd to use Fire Arms, if opposed with 
Fire Arms, and that they would not mind either the 
Governor or the King himself, if of a different way of 
thinking from themselves, saying that the King him- 


self was unable to quell Mobs in England any otlier 
way than by granting their desires, of all which sev- 
Outrages many particula instances are specified in the 
aforeniention'd State of Facts drawn up by the Coun- 

The Assembly having, by the Presidents appoint- 
ment, met on the ()'•" of May, he laid before them all 
the Papers relating to the pi'oceeding of the Rioters 
and strongly represented to them the distracted State 
of the Province occasion'd by these Riots, recommend- 
ing to them to take vigorous Measures for the pun- 
ishing of the disturbers of the publick Peace, who had 
made so many Attempts to throw off His Majesty's 
Autliority, publickly denying His Majesty's Title to 
New Jersey, & refusing Obedience to the Laws, had 
broke open Goals beat and abused the Officers of Jus- 
tice, turn'd People out of their Possessions, and com- 
mitted other Acts of Great Violence. That all the 
Measures of the Governor to put a stop to these Insur- 
rections had proved ineffectual, and therefore hoped 
the Assembly would without delay fall upon such 
Measures as might rest<:)re the Peace of the Province, 
and by severe Laws prevent tlie like Disturbances for 
the future. The Assembly return'd an Answer to this 
Representation on the 0'.' of May, setting forth, that 
theye should willingly join with the other Branches of 
the Legislature in any Measures for sui)pressing the 
Riots which had been committed, of which they had 
the greatest Abhorrence, but as the framing of Laws 
for that purpose would require great Consideration, & 
more time than they had at present being only call'd 
to make further provision for the Forces against Can- 
ada, they hoped these riotous Proceedings might not 
be continued, but if they should, they would at their 
next Meeting have more time to consider of those Af- 
fairs, and having no more Business before them, they 
desired to be dismiss'd; Upon the Address of the As- 


sembly the President desired to be imform'd what Bills 
or other business was before the Council, and was 
acquainted That they had under their Consideration 
the Riots which had been committed and had order'd 
a Bill to prevent Tuhiiults and riotous Asserabhes to 
be brought into that House, which had been read, and 
stood committed, that they should have pass'd the Bill 
but found so great Unwillingness in the Assembly to 
proceed to any Business at that time, that they judged 
it in vain. And the President having ask'd their Ad- 
vice & Opinion what was proper to be done, they de- 
clared they look'd upon it as the Duty of every branch 
of the Legislature to exert themselves upon this Occa- 
sion with the utmost Vigour, to enable the Govern- 
ment to bring the Rioters to Justice, & that they were 
I'eady & willing to do all in their Powei% but wei'e 
sorry the Assembly would not join in any Measures at 
that time to check so growing an Evil, but since they 
were determined not to do any thing, it was to no pur- 
pose to keep them together, & therefore they advised 
their Adjournment to the 25"' 

The Rioters encouraged by want of Power in the 
Government to suppress or punish them, now broke 
out into more flagrant Rebellion, and in July 1747. 200 
of them arm'd with Clubs, broke open the Goals of the 
City of Perth Amboy, and set at Liberty one John 
Bambridge, who had been indicted for breaking open 
the Goal of Somerset, knocking down & wounding the 
Sheriff & other Officers who endeavoured to oppose 
them, giving out, that if they had been shot at or re- 
sist'd, they would have sent a Party & levell'd Perth 
Amboy with the Ground, and destroy'd the Inhal)i- 
tants, upon which 32 of them were indicted by the 
Grand Jury at the Supreme Court held soon after at 
Perth Amboy for High Treason, in levying war 
against the King, but this had no Effect, for soon after 
forty or fifty of them broke open the Goal of Somerset 


& took out a Prisoner who had been committed there 
for a Trespass, and also rescued another mans from 
the Hands of the Sheriff who had arrested him, and 
was conveying him to Goal. 

His Majesty having- been pleas'd to appoint Jonathan 
Belcher Esq' Gov', of this Province in the room of M' 
Morris, he arrivVl there in August 1747, and the As- 
sembly meeting on the 30"' of August, he acquainted 
them that by Representations which had been made to 
him, he found some i)artsof the Province were in great 
Confusion thro' the audacious Attempts of a Set of 
seditious Persons to shake off their Allegiance to the 
King, trample upon his Laws & subvert Government, 
and therefore hoped the Governor Council & Assembly 
would join in measures to put an End to this Disorder, 
& restore Peace to the Province; To this both the 
Council & Assembly answer'd by their Addresses that 
they should heartily join in any Measures to put a stop 
to the Riots, & C-ommittees were appointed by both 
houses to consider in a free Conference of ways and 
means for that purpose, but the Assembly being ad- 
journal to the 17"' of Novem'' it does not appear that 
anything was done by them, the Rioters still going on 
in committing great Ouh-ages, breaking open the Goals 
of Morris & Essex Counties, and setting at Liberty 
Prisoners confined therein, and also the Goal of Hunt- 
ingdon County from whence they took one David 
Bi'erely, wlio stood committed for high Treason. One 
other of those Rioters, who had been arrested by the 
Sheriff" of Hunterdon, who had a Process of Treason 
against him, was rescued by the rest, tho' they were 
told that in so doing they were guilty of high Ti'eason. 

At the meeting of the Council & Assembly in No- 
vfMubei", the Governor acquainted them in his Speech 
that he had since last meeting received sundry Com- 
plaints from Numbers of Persons who said they were 
unjustly disturb'd in the possession of their Lands, & 


in answer thereto had ordered them to be laid before 
them, that as the Committees appointed by both 
Houses to examine into the Riots and Disorders, which 
had been committed had not acted, he wish'd they 
would make out a Committee of Gentlemen the 
most disinterested in this Affair, and then sit de die in 
diem, till they should be able to report what might be 
proper to be done to put an end to these Disorders & 
Confusions which had so long subsisted. 

The several Papers referr'd to in the Govern oi'^s 
Speech having been laid before the Council & Assem- 
bly, they appointed Committees to meet on a free Con- 
ference, to consider of ways & means for suppressing 
the Riots & Disorders in the Colony, and the Council 
in their Address to the Governor on the 5*'' of Decem- 
ber, after having laid before him a short Account of 
the great Violences & Outrages which had been com- 
mitted by the Rioters, & represented the unhappy 
state which the Province was thereby reduced to, as- 
sured him they would make it the principal Object of 
their Care, and should to the utmost of their Power 
afford the Governor all possible Assistance in restoring 
the Peace of the Province & re-establishing the Lav/s 
of the Community. 

On the 7"' of December the Council having receiv'd 
information that the Rioters who had broke open the 
Goal at Hunterdon had form'd a design of coming to 
Burlington, where the sev! Branches of the Legislature 
were sitting, in a Body in order to apply to the Gov- 
ernor & Council, & to prevent their being apprehended 
by the Officers of the Government, for any Crimes 
they had comitted, they communicated the same to the 
Assembly, and desired a Conference thereon by 
Comm'ees of both Houses, which was accordingly held, 
and they severally came to the following Resolutions 

That any Number of Persons coming to present Pe- 



titions or lay Complaints before any Branch of the 
Legislature in a tumultuous manner, or in C^ompany 
with any Person or Persons indicted for oi* legally ac- 
cused of the Disorders committed in this Colony, in 
order to protect and countenance such Persons, is & 
will be a high Infringement of the Privileges of the 
Legislature, an Insult upon tliem, and a Contempt of 
the Laws, but if any of those Persons so indicted or 
accused have any thing to offer, it ought to be pre- 
sented in a decent a manner by a small Number of 
others in their l)ehalf. That any Number of Men 
gathering themselves together, or assembling in a 
riotous manner, in order to accompany any Petitions 
or lay any Complaints before any of the Branches of 
the Legislature of this Province, is dangerous to the 
Peace and safety of the Province, a high Cbntempt of 
tlie Body of the Legislature, an open Violation of the 
Laws & Constitution, and evidently tending to infringe 
and break in upon the Liberty & Independency of the 
several Branches of the Legislature, to awe and in- 
fluence them in Matters under theii- Consideration, & 
is of most dangerous & pernicious example. That any 
Number of Men gathering themselves together, or as- 
sembling in order to protect any Person from being 
taken by the Officers of the Government who stand 
indicted or legally accused of High Treason, or any 
other Crimes, is a great Contempt of His Majesty's 
Authority & of the known Laws of the Land, and is 
highly criminal 

The first of the aforemention'd Resolutions were 
made by the Assembly and the two latter by His Maj- 
esty's Council 

And here it must be observed that at the time these 
Resolutions were made, the Rioters were actually on 
their way to put their Threats into Execution, but as 
the Resolutions were order'd to be affix'd u}) in the 
most publick places in the several Counties of Hunter- 


don, Somerset, Middlesex &, Essex throughout which 
it was supposed the Rioters might pass, they had the 
desired Effect of preventing their design heing carried 
into Execution. On the 9^'' of January 1747, the 
Council prepared a State of the Riots which had been 
committed, & instructed tlieir C-ommittee to communi- 
cate the same, with the proofs which had been laid be- 
fore them by the Governor, to the Committee of the 
Assembly, upon a Conference v/hich was to be held on 
12'!', they were also instructed to assure them that the 
Council would assent to any measures, consistent with 
the Laws, for i^utting an end to these Riots, to observe 
to them the danger that would attend the Province, if 
they were suffered to continue, not only from the 
Rioters but from His Majesty & a British Parliament, 
and the ungratefuU Return they should make His 
Majesty for his Care and Protection, by flying in the 
Face of his Officers & openly contemning his Com- 
mands, that they hoped the Conduct of the Province 
would render it unnecessary to have Forces sent 
amongst them, but should it be otherwise, they had 
reason to believe a great Force would be sent, which 
would be a very great Hardship upon the Innocent, 
upon whom the Burthen would be laid. That the 
Tlu'eats and taunts of the Rioters of tlie great Number 
of Friends in other Provinces, if true, would render 
the distemper dreadful and incurable by the Legisla- 
ture there, but that there was reason to hope they 
were not true, for though the Rioters were endeavour- 
ing to draw Persons into signing their Petitions to the 
Governor, yet the whole number did not exceed . . . 
hundred, and the Names to some of them of one hand 
writing, that there were many of the Names of In- 
fants, Vagrants S: Persons of no Property, that how- 
ever it was incumbent upon the Legislatuj'e to do their 
utmost to put a stop to these Riots, which would other- 
wise increase beyond the Power of doing it. 


On the lt>"' of January 1747, a Petition of the Rioters 
of the Counties of Middlesex, Essex, Somerset, Hun- 
terdon, Bergen & Morris was presented to the Assem- 
bly, setting forth That these Grievances arose from 
their Opponents claiming their Lands under Convey- 
ances in England which they have not seen, That the 
Judges & other Officers before whom all Land Causes 
must be tried are influenced and in the Proprietary In- 
terest, which gave them much uneasiness, and the 
more so, when their reasonable Proposals to purchase 
their possession rejected, and Multitudes of Suits 
brought against them, that this was the true Cause of 
the CN)nfusions & Disorders that had happened amongst 
them. & no Disloyalty to His Majesty: Tliey therefore 
pray'd that disinterested Persons might be appointed, 
before whom they wei-e willing to have a fair Tryal, 
and that an Act of Indemnity might pass that Session 
in the Petitioners favour. At the same time a Report 
was made from the Comm'ee of the Council on ways 
cV means for suppressing the Riots & Disorders in the 
Colony, setting forth. That they were unanimously of 
Opinion that it would be necessary that the Legisla- 
ture should interpose in order to restore the peace of 
the Province, and give Fcn-ce to the Laws notoiiously 
violated, for which purpose effectual means should be 
taken by the Legislature to strengthen the Hands of 
the Government, so as to enable them to carry the 
Laws into Execution, & that a proper Act or Acts 
should be i)ro])osed and pass'd for preventing the like 
Troubles foi- the future, and the Comm ee agreed that 
the Gentlemen of the Assembly should propose it to 
the House to prepare & bring in a Bill oi- Bills for that 
purpose. That it was also under the Consideration of 
the Committee whether if the Governor would be 
pleased to extend the King's Pardon to those who had 
offended, it would not conduce to restoring the Peace 
of the Province, and that some of the CV)mmittee of 


that House had by Order of the Committee waited on 
the Governor who signified his WiUingness, that a 
Bill should be sent down to extend His Majesty's Grace 
and Favour as far as he was impower'd to extend it. 
It was likewise reported by a Committee appointed to 
take into Consideration a Speech made by the Gov- 
ernor relating to an Expedition against Crown Point, 
that it was necessary that Provision should be made 
from time to time as Occasion required for defraying 
the necessary Expenses which might arise by the legal 
calling the Forces of the Colony together for the sup- 
pressing & repelling Invasions, Insurrections & Rebel- 
lions, or for the Assistance of the neighbouring Col- 
onies, or upon any necessary Occasion whatever, both 
which Reports were agreed to by the House. 

On the 10"' of February the Governor sent down to 
the Council & Assembly, an Act entitled an Act to 
pardon the persons guilty of the Insurrections, Riots 
and Disorders raised and committed in this Province, 
which on the IT'?" was accepted on one reading by the 
Council, & accepted & pass'd by the Assembly also 
upon one reading, on the same day. 

By this Act a full pardon is granted to all Persons 
who have raised or committed Riots or Insurrections, 
or have aided, advised or approved thereof, with a 
Proviso that those who had been indicted, recorded, or 
prosecuted for such Riots should within six Months 
take the Oaths to the Government, and give their own 
single Bonds severally in the Sum of One hundred 
pounds to keep the peace of three years, restore the 
Possession they had forcibly taken and detained, and 
pay the Fees of their Prosecution, and as to such as 
stood indicted or might be indicted for High Treason, 
a Stay of. Prosecution was granted until His Majesty's 
Pleasure should be known, upon their complying with 
the Terms' before, and as a further Mark of their Dis- 
position to comply with the Request of the Rioters, 


the Legislature of the Province pas.s'd another Act foi- 
avoiding Actions of Slander and for Stay of Proceed- 
ings until the 1*' of Octo' 174S, in civil Action against 
the Eioters. They also at the same time pass'd 
another Act for the suppressing and preventing of 
Riots, Tumults, and other Dipoi^ders within the s'' 
Colony, by which a Penalty of £1(> is to be laid u])on 
any Person or Pei'sons who shall be convicted of 
breaking open or pulling down any Goal, Prison or 
Dwelling House, or entring forcibly upon any other 
Persons land, or rescuing any Prisoner or Prisoners 
out of the hands of the Constable or other Peace Offi- 
cer, or if unable or unwilling to pay the said ten 
pounds, to be imprison'd for ten months. 

This Lenity of theClovernni' and their too easy Con- 
descension to the Request of the Rioters was however 
very far from having the desired Effect, for it does not 
appear that any more than twenty three of the Rioters 
complied with the Conditions of the Act of Indemnity 
before mentioned; But on the contrary, the Rioters 
refused to quit Possession of the Lands they had forci- 
bly taken away, & continued to committ the greatest 
Violences in so much that in November IT-ts, twenty 
or thirty broke open the Goal of Essex C^ounty, and 
set at Liberty one Amcis Roberts the principal Ring- 
leader, who had been committed there upon Process of 
high Treason, after which the said Amos RoV)erts & 
others had a Meeting at a place nine miles distant from 
Perth Amboy, wliere the Legislature was sitting, in 
order to enter into new Engagements for standing by 
one another, levying money for their defence, which 
they obliged several Persons to pay, and appointing 
Officers, they had also several Meetings prior to this, 
in order to draw People into their Engagement, tam- 
pering with them to take Leases fi'om their Comnree 
for their Possession. It also ai)pears that they had 
for eight years past committed great waste of Timber 


on Lands belonging to other Persons which produced 
the best Timber in the Province. ^ 

These Proceedings together with a Memorial from 
the Proprietors to the Legislature, setting forth the 
unhappy Situation of the Province, & praying effectual 
means might be taken to enforce the Laws and pro- 
tect their Estates & Persons, and those of the Inhabi- 
tants, induced the Govei-nor strongly to represent the 
same to the Council & Assembly, m a Speech he made 
to them on the 8!* of December 1748, wherein he set 
forth the absolute Necessity of doing everything in 
their Power to put an End to such dreadfuU Confu- 
sions & recommended to the Assembly to grant money 
for the Support and Protection of the Governm- and 
the Officers thereof; whereupon the Council sent a 
Message to the Assembly setting forth the late Riots 
which had been committed and the dangerous Conse- 
quences thereof, that they were unanimously of 
opinion that the Legislature ought without delay to 
fall upon some vigorous means to strengthen the 
Hands of His Majesty's Govei-nm^ to enable the Offi- 
cers to carry the Laws into Execution and thereby to 
protect the Persons and Estates of the People and 
secure to His Majesty the Dependance of the Province, 
& therefore requested a free Conference upon the Sub- 
ject of these Matters, & for this Purpose they prepared 
a second State of the Facts of these Riots together 
with Instructions to their Comm'ee for their Behaviour 
in the Conference, whei-ein they were directed to 
acquaint the Commirtee of the Assembly, that the 
Council intended to bring in a BiU declaring that per- 
sons who had not accepted the Pardon & wei-e indicted 
for high Treason, should be convicted thereof, unless 
they should within a certain time deliver themselves 
up to Justice, as also another Bill im powering the 
Governor to grant Commissions for ti-ying Persons 
now indicted, or that shall be indicted, in a certain 


time to come, in such Coimty or Counties as he shall 
think proper, that the Council were sensihle that these 
two Bills would not be effectual, unless it should be 
])i*ovided by another Bill, that in case they do not sub- 
mit to the Laws, the Hands of the Governor should be 
streiigthen'd by such a Force as will be necessary to 
oppose & suppi'ess them, & ])rotect the Courts of Jus- 
tice v'ir Prisons, for which Pi'ovision should be made, 
as well as for the extraordinary Charges of the Trials 
of Criminals, that they were sensible of the extraor- 
dinary Charges of the said Provisions, but when it 
should be consider'd that a very small Expence would 
have been sufficient three years ago to have put an 
End to these Evils, that unless done now, the Evil will 
increase, they hoped the Assembly whose proper Busi- 
ness it was, would I'aise money for this Service. 

These Resolutions were attended with a very strong- 
Address from the Council to the Governor, in answer 
to his Speech, acquainting him with what they had 
done, and assuring him of their utmost Endeavour to 
restore the Peace of the Province, but far different was 
the Addi-ess of the Assemljly jH-esented the same day, 
wherein they took Notice that they found "that the 
Lenity of the Government had not had the desired 
Effect, and that the Pardon offered was slighted by 
some of the Rioters, that it was with great Concern 
they consider'd what might l)e the consequence of this 
audacious Madness, but were however of Opinion that 
the Laws ought to be more fully put in Execution, and 
if they proved insufficient their particular Defects 
might be pointed out to the next Meeting of the As- 
sembly that they might be enal)led to do what might 
be further necessary upon the Occasion. To This Ad- 
dress the Governoi- ansvvei-'d that he was sori-y to find 
so little of a substantial Answer to what he so stren- 
ously recommended, and that he look'd u])on it as the 
Duty of the Assembly to giant Money for paying Men 


that might be rais'd for guardmg the Goals of the 
Province, & protecting the Civil Officers, as vs^ell as 
enacting some good Laws for bringing the Rioters to 
Justice, which unless they did, the Province would 
soon become a Scene of Distraction, at the same time 
he acquainted the Council with the Satisfaction he had 
in the Assurance of their joining with him in measures 
to suppress the Outrages which had been committed, 
& that he wish'd some effectual measures were taken: 
But if no Help could be had amongst themselves, he 
should represent the State of the Government to His 

On the 1(»"' of December the Assembly sent a Mes- 
sage to the Council to acquaint them that they had in 
their Address to the Governor signified their Senti- 
ments on the Subject matter proposed by the Council 
to be conferr'd upon, and that they should apply to 
the Governor to put an end to the sitting, as they had 
nothing else before them. 

The Council upon receiving this Message appointed 
a Committee to take the same into consideration 
together withe State of the Province, & on the 12^'' of 
December sent up the following Message to the Assem- 
bly, That the said Couim'ee having taken into Con- 
sideration the said Message of the Assembly & their 
Address therein mentioned together with the State of 
the Province had come to the following Resolutions 
which had been agreed to by that house, viz* 

That as there are many hundreds of Traitors & Riot- 
ers in the Counties of Essex, Hunterdon, & Somerset, 
and that very few of them are as yet discover'd in 
comparison with their whole Numbers, and as those 
known & unknown have numerous relations in those 
Counties, it is impossible for a Sheriff of either of those 
Counties to know but that many of the Jurors he 
returns for Tryal of those Criminals are either equally 
guilty or relations of those who are equally guilty with 


the Criminals to be tried, and as the Goals of those 
Counties have been already so often l)roke open & the 
Traitors <fc Rioters therein committed rescued by Mobs 
of hundreds of people at a time, it's the unanimous 
Opinion of the Committee that no safe or impartial 
Tryal can be had of any of those Criminals in either 
of the said Counties. 

That for this reason the Governor was in his Duty 
in not issuing any Commission of Oyer & Terminer & 
Goal Delivery to any of the three Counties, and w^ill 
continue in his duty in refusing to grant such while 
those C^ounties continue in the above Circumstances. 

That in order to do Justice on those Criminals it's 
necessary that an Act of Assembly be passed to enable 
the Governor to issue Commissions to other Counties 
for the Tryal of those Criminals. 

That as the Rioters had the Insolence to come in 
hundreds to the City of Perth Amboy, the Capital of 
the Eastern Division of New Jersey tho' no one Person 
in that City is known or supposed to be a Counte- 
nancer of them, and traiterously & riotously broke 
open His Majesty's Prison there, no Court can reason- 
ably expect to be safe in the Trial of any of those 
Criminals in other Counties without a sufficient Force 
to guard them ag^.* the Multitudes that the Traitors 
and Rioters can bring to insult the Courts of Justice, 
& rescue the Prisoners out of their Custody. 

That it is the incumbent Duty of the Legislature to 
interpose at this time without further delay, to give 
Strength to the Governor, by supplying him with such 
Sums of money for raising and maintaining so many 
Troops as may be thought necessary on this Occasion, 
to protect the Officers of the Government in the Exe- 
cution of the Laws and for defraying the extraordinary 
Charge of bringing those Criminals to, and trying 
them in other Courts. 

The Council further set forth in their Message, That 


they had considered the many strong & pressing Rec- 
ommendations which had been made to the Assembly 
to strengthen the Hands of the Government, so as to 
enable the Officers thereof to put the Laws in Execu- 
tion particularly that of the 28"' of September 1745, 
to which the Assembly answer'd that as far as they 
knew the laws then in force were sufficient for the 
punishment of those that were guilty of the breach 
of them, and when any deficiency in the Laws was 
pointed out to them, it should always have its due 
weight; that they should pass over the other Answers 
of the Assembly, and only observe that on the Recom- 
mendations of August & Novem'.' 174T. Committees 
of the Council and Assembly declared themselves 
unanimously of Opinion, that it would be necessary 
that the Legislature should interpose to restore the 
Peace of the Province, and give Force to the Laws of 
the Country, which they declared had been most noto- 
riously violated for which purpose they were of Opin- 
ion that effectual Measures should be taken by the 
Legislature to strengthen the hands of His Majesty's 
Government, so as to enable them to carry the Laws 
of the Land into Execution, That His Majestys Sub- 
jects might again enjoy the Benefit and Protection of 
them, and that a proper Act or Acts should be prepared 
and pass'd for preventing the like Intestine Troubles 
for the time to come And the Committees further 
Agreed that the Gentlemen of the House of Assembly 
should propose it to their House to prepare and bring 
in a Bill or Bills for those pui'poses, which joint & 
unanimous Opinion of the said Committees was 
reported and agreed to by both houses, as by their 
Minutes of Jan'ry 1747, did appear. 

That a Committee of the House of Assembly on the 
'2''V} of Jan'jy 1747, amongst othei- things reported and 
declared it as their Opinion, that Provision should be 
made from time to time as occasion might require for 


defraying the necessary Expenses that might arise by 
the legal calling the Forces of this Colony together, 
for the repelling and suppressing Invasions, Insurrec- 
tions and Rebellions, or upon any necessary Occasion 
whatsoever, which Report was agreed to, as, by the 
Minutes of the Assembly of that day, appears. 

That by an Act of the wiiole Legislature past that 
Session it was declared that within three years then 
last past many and great Riots and Disorders had been 
committed within this Colony by multitudes of People, 
on pretence that they labour'd under Grievances, and 
that the several Branches of tlie Legislatui'e then mett 
& assembled together heartily disposed to enquire into 
the said Grievances & Oppressions, and to give relief 
therein, as far as in them lay, upon mature Delil)era- 
tion did not find but that all the Matters complained of 
were remedyable in His Majesty's Courts of Justice 
Law & Equity which were open to all, and to which 
the Complainers might have had recourse, and by the 
same Act was declared the said Agreement of the 
Council & Assembly that effectual measures should 
be taken to strengthen the hands of His Majesty's 
Government, so as to enable them to carry the Laws 
of the Land into Execution, that His Majesty's Sub- 
jects might again enjoy the Benefit and Rrotection of 
them, as by that Act amongst other things did appear. 

That on the IT"' day of Feb'ry 1747, His Excellency 
the Governor pass'd His Majesty's most gracious Par- 
don, entituled, An Act to pardon the Persons guilty of 
the Insurrecticms, Riots & Disorders raisVl and com- 
mitted in this Pi'ovince. which was thankfully 
accepted by both Houses of the Council & Assemijly, 
by which all those Criminals were pardon VI upon Con- 
dition that those who had been indicted, recorded or 
prosecuted, should within six months take the Oaths 
to the Governm' prescribed by the Laws of this Prov- 
ince, and give their own single Bonds severally in the 


Sum of One hundred pounds to keep the Peace for 
three years, restore the Possessions they had forcibly 
taken, and pay the fees of their Prosecutions, and as 
to such as stood indicted or might be indicted of high 
Treason, or Stay of Prosecution was granted untill His 
Majesty's Pleasure should be known upon their com- 
plying with the Terms before 

That by the Depositions & other Evidences that had 
been before them & were sent to the House of Assem- 
bly before the said Address, no more than twenty 
three persons, of the many hundreds that stood in 
need of the said pardon, had accepted of the Benefit 
thereof, and that no more than nine of those twenty 
three appear'd to have complied with all the Terms 
thereof. That by those Evidences it appear'd that the 
Rioters during the said six Months and since, con- 
tinued by force and arms to plunder particular Mens 
Estates as before, & were assiduous during that time 
& since to gain People over to their Combinations and 
to levy Monies; That by those Evidences the plunder 
they had made of particular men's Estates was of very 
great Value, and from those Evidences & other good 
Informations they had reason to believe of far more 
value than would have been sufficient to have rais'd 
One thousand regular Forces & maintaiu'd them for a 
year, whereas half that Number for six months is no 
more than sufficient to give the Laws their full force, 
and the fourth part of that would have been sufficient 
a year ago, and the tenth part of it sufficient three 
years ago, That no one of the many Possessions which 
the Rioters have forcibly taken and detain'd, appear'd 
to have been restored. 

That by these Evidences appear'd some of the many 
Artifices they used, to bring & keep People in their 
C^ombinations, such as the Threats of pulling down 
their Houses, if they enter'd not with them, & Fears 
of Death if they deserted, and by cajoling others with 


the Merit of defending their Country, by joining with 

That by these Evidences and the Evidences that 
were before them & the Assembly at last Sessions, it 
appeared there had been above twenty Riots, traiteroiis 
and unlavvfull Assemblies, within three years last past, 
and yet the Weakness of the Government had been 
and is such as not to be able to hold any one of the 
Criminals in Goal any longer than those combined 
with them think proper, That the chief Ringleader 
Amos Roberts, while the Assembly w^as sitting, at only 
twenty miles distance from Perth Amboy being com- 
mitted on Process of Treason in the morning of the 
28'" of November last, at Sunset of the same day, the 
Goal was broke open, and he rescued. 

That by these Evidences it appear'd that the very 
next day he rid openly at noonday with several of his 
Accomplices from Newark to the Widow^ Hampton's 
at Rah way within nine Miles of Perth Amboy where 
the Legislature was sitting, and there met with several 
others of the Rioters & Traitors, who came upon a 
prioi- Appointment from the different parts of this 
Province and that their Business was the entring into 
new Combinations for theii- mutual defence and rais- 
ing money, dividing into Wards & appointing (Jfticers 
for those Purposes, That by these Evidences it appear'd 
tliat they had Captains over the particular Rioters in 
particular places of this Province, and that the said 
Amos Roberts is the chief of all. 

That it was well known to the House of Assembly, 
from the Depositions and Papers laid before them at 
the last Sessions, that many hundreds were coucern'd 
in the Treasons and Riots committed in this Province, 
and by the Papers which were before them at the 
time of making their said Address, it plainly api^ear'd 
that only twenty three of those hundreds had taken 
the Benefit of the Lenity of the Govern m' whicli left 


them at a loss what to think of that Expression in 
their Address, that some of them had shghted the 
Lenity of the Government thereby insinuating, that 
only a fev^ continue their wonted Obstinacy in oppos- 
ing the Laws; when the contrary appear'd by the said 
Evidences before them, and was and is notoriously 
known throughout this }?*rovince. 

That they were equally at a Loss to know wiiat they 
mean, when they say it's with the greatest Concern 
that they think what may be the Consequences of this 
audacious Madness, when the Consequences are so 
obvious to every man, and when they have been so 
often laid before them, as by the nine several Recom- 
mendations to them of that matter, hereinbefore 
pointed out, appear'd. 

That it was with the greatest Grief and Concern 
they observe that the House of Assembly have, by 
their said Address, now come to doubt whether the 
present Laws be not of themselves sufficient, and that 
after their so strong Resolutions & Declarations of last 
Sessions hereinbefore mention'd, and no one thing to 
that day done to strengthen the Hands of the Govern- 
ment pursuant to these Resolutions & Declarations, 
nor one penny of money put into the Treasury for that 
l)urpose. That they were griev'd to say, what was so 
obvious to every one, as they can scarcely avoid seeing 
it, by comparing this doubt of the Assembly with their 
Answer of Ocf 3." 1745 to the first Recommendation 
of this matter, many Promises, Resolutions, and Decla- 
rations by Votes and by Acts, to put an End to these 
Disturbances, the Assembly had got just where they 
were at the beginning of Oct'.' 1Y45, viz^ to doubt 
whether the Laws alone, with* their Aid, be not suffi- 

That they should be as far as the Assembly from 
forbidding the Courts of Justice and the Officers 
thereof from issuing the due Process of Law against 


every Offender, that it was their Duty to do it, and 
neither of the Houses had any Right whatsoever to 
forhid them, but yet it seemVl obvious to them that 
every Execution of Process without strengthening the 
Hands of the Government, so as to protect the Goals, 
and every Rescue from them brought His Majesty's 
Name, Autliority & Laws more and moi'e into C^on- 
teni])t, and increased the Number and Guilt of the 
Delinquents, and what the Consequences of that would 
be, were olwious, the only good end they knew of that 
it could serve, was to shew that the Officers of the 
Government had done their Duty, & that the not 
bringing those Criminals to Justice, was not their fault. 

That they could not but observe how absolutely 
necessary it was to supply the Treasur}^ for the above 
extraordinary Cliarges of Government, at any possible 
Rate, and that they made no doubt but there were 
many ways of doing it forthwith without the aid of a 
Tax Bill, such as a short Act impowering the Treas- 
urers to boirow" money at law full interest on their 
Notes ik u])on that Act, and they doubted not but that 
any 8um needfull could in a few weeks by tbat means 
be rais'd. 

That they had some reason to guess at sentiments 
of the Assembly on both the Subject Matters proposed 
to them by the Council, which that House in their 
Message said they had signified in their Address to His 
Ex'cy but as tliat was to His Excellency & not to the 
Council & was not peremptory whether the Assembly 
would or would not confer with them on the subject 
Matters proposed, they conceived them entitled to and 
did therefore insist on a categorical Answer from the 
Assembly on these points. 

That upon the whole they were clearly of Opinion 
that it was tlie indispensable Duty of both Houses at 
tliat time heartily to join witli his Excellency in the 
most effectual means to })ut a Sto[) to those growing 


Evils that so evidently tended to the utter subversion 
of their Constitution & to the throwing off the Depend- 
ance of the Colony on the Crown of Great Britain, and 
that if that Session should rise without effecting a pur- 
pose so absolutely necessary, it would evidently be 
attended with such Consequences as might render the 
thing impracticable for the Legislature for the future. 

On the 15'." of December the Assembly sent u}) a 
Message to the Council to acquaint them that having 
receiv'd no answer in respect to the Bill for the Sup- 
port of the Government, which still remain'd under 
the Council's Consideration, they desired to be inform'd 
what that Board had done therein, as the House was 
sitting at a great Expence to the publick, and had then 
nothing else before them. 

To which Message the Council answer'd that Affi- 
davits & Evidences shewing a traiterous Conspiracy 
within the Province against His Majesty's Crown and 
Dignity had been laid before the Assembly; That 
Proofs were also before them that numbers of men 
stood indicted & accused of High Treason in levying 
War against the King, did at that very time go pub- 
lickly ab^ the Province in open Contempt of the Royal 
Authority, exciting His Majesty's Subjects to Rebelhon 
& Treason — That Proofs had also been laid before 
them that all the many Endeavours of the Govern- 
ment to put an end to the traiterous practices of those 
bold daring People, had prov'd ineffectual, and that 
there were then before them two several Messages 
irom the Council demanding a Conference upon those 
important Subjects. 

That if these things were nothing in the Eyes of the 
Assembly, they were sony for it, but declai'ed that 
they thought them of such Importance to tiie Peace & 
Safety of the Province, & to its just Depcndance on 
the Crown of Britain, that they could not, consistent 
with the Oaths they bad taken to bear Faith and true 


Allegiance to His Majesty and to defend Him to the 
utmost of their Powei" against all traitei^ous Conspira- 
cies & Attempts whatsoeve]' which shall be made 
against His Person Crown or Dignity, & to do their 
utmost Endeavours to disclose & make known to His 
Majesty all Treasons & traitei'ous Conspiracies whicli 
they knew to be against him, they could not, they 
said, consistent with the said Oaths, their Duty to His 
Majesty and the Trust reposed in them, pass these 
matters over in silence or suffer themselves to be di- 
verted from doing anything in their Power without 
delay for puttiilg an End to those unhappy disturb- 
ances & Villanies; And that they therefore did again 
insist on categorical Answers to their said Messages on 
the Subject tnatter aforesaid. 

On the Ki*." of December M'." Morris and M'" Antill 
wlio had been appointed by the C^ouncil to inspect the 
Journals of the Assembly, and to report what they had 
(lone in relation to the Traitors e^- Rioters, and to the 
Messages from the Council demanding C^onferences on 
these matters, reported that the}^ had inspected the 
said Journals, and found therein two entries to the fo! 
lowing })urport. 

That on Wednesday the 7'" of December a motion 
had been made and the question jmt whether the 
House thought it necessary to make a I^aw for the 
more effectual bringing to Justice the Rioters and 
Disturbers of the put)lick peace of the Province, ar.d 
that it pass VI in the Negative, Nays 15, Yeas ;'>. But 
that the Nays weie nevertheless of Opinion that the 
Law-; in being ought to be put in Execution against 
the said Rioters, and when their defect should appeat • 
to the Plouse, that such other as might be thougiit 
necessary should then b<^^ pi'ovided. 

That by the other Entry it appeared that on Thurs- 
day the li')^-' of December, the Councirs Message of the 
preceding Tuesday had been read a second time, and 


consicler'd by the House of Assembly, who came to the 
following Resolutions, 

"That the said Message contained divers insinuations 
"grounded on Suggestions only, reflecting injuriously 
"on the Sentiments & Proceedings of the Assembly." 

" That the Council's assuuiing a Power therein of 
"directing the methods of raising money was a mani- 
" fest Infringement on the Rights & Privileges of the 

" That the Assembly had a Right to enjoy their own 
" Sentiments in all Matters & things that should come 
"before them, without being accountable to or cen- 
" sured b}" the Council for the same." 

"That to continue sitting (after the Session is near 
" rising) to maintain a Controversy with the Council 
" would be very expensive to the Colony, and that 
" therefore the House of Assembly would not at that 
"time give any other Answer to the said Message." 

A Copy of the above Resolutions was also delivered 
to the Council by M'.' Vanmiddlesworth and M'" Leaming 
together with a Message acquainting the Council that 
the Assembly thought themselves as loyal Subjects to 
King George the second as any of their Board, not- 
withstanding their Sentiments remainVl the same as 
they were when they came to the aforesaid Resolutions, 
and that the Council need expect no other Answer at 
that time from the House of Assembly. 

The Council having taken into Consideration the 
said Resolutions and Message were unanimously of 
Opinion that they amounted to an absolute Refusal to 
do anything at that time against the Traitors & 
Rioters, and to a Refusal to confer with them on those 

They therefore came to the following unanimous 

That the Refusal of the House of Assembly of the 
Confei'ences requested on the subject Matters of the 


Traitors & Rioters was a breach of that Harmony 
which ought alwa3^s to subsist between the Brandies 
of the Legislature. That the Council was of Opinion 
that the House of Assembly in refusing to do anything 
at that time to strengthen the hands of His Majesty's 
Governm' to put the Laws in Execution was a Neglect 
of the Duty they ow'd to their Sovereign, manifestly 
tending to encourage the Traitors & Rioters within the 
Province to go on in their treasonable designs against 
His Majesty's Governm' 

That the not putting a Stop these publick Disorders, 
was leaving His Majesty's Authority & Government 
exposed to the Slights and Contempts of a Sett of 
Traitors and Rioters, and the Lives and Properties of 
the peo|)le of the Province a prey to an insolent and 
rebellious Mob. 

That it was the indispensable Duty of the Members 
of His Majesty's Council agreeable to the Trust reposed 
in them, to lay a true State of the unhappy and de- 
plorable Condition of the Province before His Majesty 
& his Ministers, tliat he might take such measures for 
restoring & supporting his Authority & G(^vernment, 
for protecting his faithfull Subjects, and for securing 
the Dependence of the Province of New Jersey upon 
the Crown of Britain, as he in his great Wisdom & 
Justice should think fit. 

M'.' Chief Justice Morris, M': Keml^le, and M': Leonard 
liaving been order'd to wait on his Excellency, to 
acquaint him vv^ith the Council's intentions as to ro])- 
resenting the State of the Province to His Majesty & 
his Ministers, & to know if his Excellency would l)e 
pleased to join with them in such Representation re- 
ported that His Excellency had been pleased to declare 
himself very ready to join with the Council in any- 
thing reasonable, after he had perused the Papers: 
Wlieroupon the Council then pi-esent came to a Reso- 
lution to meet at Burlington on the Thursday follow- 


iiig, in order to a))ply to His Excell'y to join with thorn 
in snch a Representation as should be thonglit proper 
for the purpose aforesaid. 

The Council then orderVl M' Hude to acquaint the 
House of Assembly, that having particularly consid- 
er'd tlieir Resolves of the 15^'' of December, they had, 
in ansvk^er thereto, unanimously come to the following 
resolutions, viz' 

That it was the Opinion of the Council, that the 
Message mention'd in the said Resolves contained no 
Insinuations or Suggestions, that clear Proofs had 
appeared before both Houses of all the matters therein 
suggested; But nevertheless if the House of Assembly 
would point out anything which could not be supported 
by those Proofs, the Council would be ready to make 
all the Satisfaction to that House, which the nature of 
the King [thing ?] required. 

That the Council had not, in their said Message 
assumed a Power of directing the methods of raising 
money, nor infringed any Rights or Privileges of the 

That it was the Right of the Council to advise & 
propose as to the Methods of raising money, and to 
agree or disagree to any Methods that the Assembly 
should resolve on for that purpose. 

That the Council had no ways call'd in question tlie 
Rights of the House of Assembly to enjoy their own 
Sentiments nor had they claim'd a Right to call them 
to account for the same. 

That the Council had a Right to declare their Senti- 
ments, when they conceived it proper & necessary, 
upon any Proceedings of the House of Assembly, and 
more especially when they conceiv'd the Constitution 
& Dependance of the Province on the Crown of Britain 
to be in danger. 

M- Johnstone then acquainted the Council that hav- 
ing had some Conversation with his Excellency as to 


the time of meeting at Buiiington to join in a Repre- 
sentation to his Majesty & his Ministers (which was 
soon aftei- made by them and transmitted to his Grace 
the Duke of Bedford, in order to be laid before His 
Majesty) His Excell'y had desired him to acquaint the 
Council, that he should want a much longer time to 
consider the several proofs of the matters in question, 
than what they had proposed, & that he thought it 
for His Majesty's Service and the good of the Prov- 
ince, once more to try another Sessions of Assembly, 
before he join'd in any Representations; & accordingly 
[)i'orogued the Assembl}^ to the 15"' of February. 

As to the Governor's Pretence for not joining with 
the Council in this Representation to His Majesty of 
the State of the Province, it must appear very extra 
ordinary when it is considered that he himself laid the 
proofs, which he asserted he wanted to consider, before 
the Assembly on the 24"' of Novem-' 1748, from whence 
it may be reasonably supposed that his earnest Recom- 
mendations to the Assembly were only to amuse the 
Council and His Majesty's innocent and well disposed 
Subjects, with a vain hope of Assistance, which, it 
was easy to perceive from the wiiole Tenor of the As- 
sembly's Conduct, they would never gi-ant, paid of 
vv^hich tliere fore it was his Duty to have m;tde Repre- 
sentations to His Majesty. 

Thus v\^as the Assembly dismiss'd by the Governor 
without coming to any Resolution or taking any Meas- 
ures to enable the Governor to suppress these danger- 
ous Disturbances in the Province; the unhappy Conse- 
quences of which were, that the Rioters continued to 
meet in great Bodies, and under the Direction of Amos 
Roberts their Ringleader committed daily Acts of Vio- 
lence & Oppression u])on His Majesty's Subjects unable 
to resist them, and they had carried their pretence of 
Indian Right so far as to make large purchases of land 
from them tho' expressly contrary to Law, & His Maj- 


esty's Instructions, threatening to pull down the Goals, 
if any of their Associates were committed thither. 

On the of Janry 1748-9 the Governor dissolv'd 
the Assembly, and issued Writs for calling a new one 
which met on the 20*.** of February following, when 
the Governor in the Speech he made to the Council 
and them upon that occasion, represented to them 
that, tho' he was pleas'd with the Steps which had 
been taken by the Legislature the last Session, yet as 
they were found to be ineffectual, he had for that rea- 
son dissolv'd the Assembly, hoping to see better Agree- 
ment between the new Assembly & the Council, and 
recommended to the Assembly to grant money for 
defraying the Charge of maintaining the Goals, and to 
consider what further Laws might be necessary to 
suppress the Insolence of the Rioters. In answer to 
this Speech, the Council in their Address to the Gov- 
ernor on the 4"' of March, express their Approbation 
of what he had done, and their readiness to join in 
any Measures to put a stop to the Riots, but that if the 
Assembly would not join with them, that the Gover- 
nor would testify his Duty in representing the Affair 
to His Majesty, in which they would heartily concur 
with him. But so far was the new Assembly from 
giving the least hopes of a change of Temper, and of 
their Concurrence in any measures to suppress the 
Riots, that in their Address to the Governor in answer 
his Speech, they, after censuring him, for calling them 
together at that time, represented that the Circum- 
stances of the Province would not admit of their 
raising money for guarding the Goals, but they would 
consider what further Laws might be necessary for 
suppressing the Riots, which they said were principally 
occasion'd by private Controversies about Titles of 
Land; and so ready were they to enter into a dispute 
& disagreement with His Majesty's Council, that they 
refused an Amendment made by them to a Bill which 


the Assembly had sent up, for settling the Quotas of 
the several Counties, without which no Taxes could be 
rais'd, tho' such Amendment was made inconsequence 
of a positive Instruction from the Crown, & absolutely 
refused to enter into a Conference with the Council, 
upon it. 

On the 1<)"' of March IT-tO the Governor answer'd the 
above mentioned Address of the Assembly, strongly 
pressing them to do what was necessary for the Peace 
of the Province, and representing to them, that if they 
did not, they might justly be deem'd Accessaries with 
the Rioters. 

On the day that the Governor answered the Assem- 
bly's Address, a great Number of Persons, who had 
been concernd in Riots, petition'd the Assembly that 
they would apply to the Governor for another Act of 
Grace, on the mildest Terms, and at the same time 
two Persons, setting forth they were irapower'd by 
the Majority of People claiming Lands under Indian 
Purchases before the year 1703, delivered to the House 
a Proposal, foi' having one or two Trials of their Titles, 
by disinterested Judges, which proposal they had 
de]iver''d to Mess" Alexander and Morris, who had 
returnVl for Answer, that they desired a meeting with 
them at the next supreme Court at Perth Aniboy, 
when they would advise with their Counsel thereupon. 

The above mention VI Proposal of the Rioters is repre- 
sented by the Council as a Plot laid, as they suppose, 
in revenge for the vigorous measures taken by Mess'" 
Alexander & Morris for bringing the Affairs of these 
Riots to a Conclusion; TJiey suppose also that the 
Assembly thought they had laid these Gentlemen 
under an inextricable dilemma, for, if they refused the 
Proposals, then were they to be esteem'd the Cause of 
the Continuance of the Riots and all the ill Conse- 
quences of the Riots to the Province were to be laid at 
their door, and they would thereby be made horrible 


to the People. If they accepted the Offer in these 
Terms proposed, it would be owning that the Continu- 
ance of the Riots depended on that Trial, and conse- 
quently no need of the King's Interi>osition, till that 
Tryal was over, which they could find Pretences 
enough readily to delay, or if push VI to a Tryal, there 
was room left on the Rioter's part to push for a gen! 
Verdict, as a great Majority of the people at present 
are Favourers of the Rioters, it would be impossible to 
get any struck Jury, but the Majority of them would 
be such. 

But however so far wei'e these Gentlemen from 
rejecting the above Proposal, that on the 10*" of April 
174i), they wrote to the two Persons by whom it was 
sign'd, acquainting them with the former Proposals 
they had made to the Rioters for a Tryal of Title, set- 
ting forth the Untruth of their being always ready, & 
declaring they were ready to joyn issue in the Action 
they had heretofore brought, as also to give Security, 
and do every other thing on their Parts as then pro- 
posed, declaring at the same time they did it in Com- 
pliance with the Opinion of the Assembly. 

Upon this Proposal five of the Rioters at Newark 
sign'd a Paper offering Security to stand Tryal, pur- 
suant to their Proposal of the 1 O^'' of March, but pro- 
ducing no Powers for such purpose, Mess''-^ Alexander 
& Morris declared that it was not sa,fe for them to 
enter into any Bonds or Security till they the Rioters 
pj-oduced their necessary Powers, but if they could 
obtain proper Power from the persons concern'd, they 
should bo ready to treat with them. This Answer 
was delivered to one of the Persons who siiAii'd the 
above mention'd Paper, but no Answer appears to 
have been given thereto. 

On the 21'.' of March the Assembly sent a Message 
to the Governor, acquainting him with the above Peti- 
tion and Proposal, and praying him once more to 


extend His Majesty's pardon to the Rioters, to which 
the riovernoi- answer'd that he would do all in his 
Power to restore the Peace of the Colony in joining 
with the other Branches of the Legislature in anything 
they should think propei-. 

At the same time the Assemhly sent a Message to 
the Council to acquaint them with the Application 
they had made to the Cxovernor, and to desire a Con- 
ference thereupon, to which the Council answer'd, 
that as the granting a Pardon to the Rioters was solely 
a Prerogative of the Crown, entrusted with His Excel- 
lency the CtOv'. they did not think it proper to enter 
into a Conference ui)on a matter they had no Right to 
intermeddle with, but they would willingly join the 
Assembly in any Measures for restoring the publick 
Peace; and receive any proposals for that purpose, and 
accordingly appointed a Committee to confei" with a 
Committee of the Assembly for that purpose. 

On the 2o'* of March the Committee of Council 
appointed to confer with a Committee of the Assem- 
bly made a Report to the House of what was done 
therein, by which it appears that the Assembly's Com- 
mittee made the following Pioposal that if the Gov- 
ernor would grant another Act of Pardon to the Riot- 
ers, the Council should concur with the Assembly in 
passing an Act for staying of all Process concerning 
Titles of Land and executing Writs of Possession, 
but they would not come into any other Measures or 
make any other Proposal for suppressing those Riots, 
tho' earnestly pressed to it by the Council, so that the 
Conference broke up, without coming to any Agi-ee- 

On the 25^" of March the Assembly sent a Message 
to the Governor in answer to his second Speech to 
them, setting forth that they weie convinced that the 
height the Riots had arose to was not owing to neglect 
of former Assemblies, but on the conti-ary were always 
discountenanced by them. 


That the present Circumstances of the Province 
would not admit of their raising money to guard the 

And that if the Cause of the Riots was remov'd, 
which they hoped might be, if the Proposal of the 
Rioters was accepted, the Goals would be sufficient to 
hold Criminals without the Charge of guarding them — 
still refusing to do anything for suppressing the Riot- 
ers, but recommending to the Governor to pardon 
them, at the same time the Assembly desired to be 
adjourned & were accordingly adjourn'd to the 18'-' of 
May, and this notwithstanding the Council had receiv'd 
Information, by Affidavits laid before him a few days 
before, that the Rioters were preparing to assemble in 
order, as they gave out, to shew the Government that 
the Mob party was the strongest. 

The Council finding that the Assembly could not be 
brought into any Measures for putting an End to these 
Disturbances, but rather did many things in their 
Favour, and the Assembly being also adjourned to the 
IS"' of May, they came to a Resolution to represent the 
same to His Majesty's Ministers, which they accord- 
ingly did in a Letter to His Grace the Duke of Bed 
ford, dated the 28'!' of March 1749, a Copy whereof 
they likewise transmitted to this Board. 

The Assembly still refusing to afford Aid to the 
Govern m* the Rioters continued their unlawfuU prac- 
tices, & on the 23'! of May 1749, a Riot was committed 
in the County of Bergen, when the Fences of one Cors- 
paries Pryyer were pull'd up & cut down. Soon after 
which, viz- in the month of June 1749, a Scheme was 
form VI by tlie Traitors, Rioters, and their Friends to 
have Courts held in the County of Essex for the Tryal 
of those persons that were accused of Treason or Riots, 
well knowing that impartial Juries could not be had in 
tlie said Counties, and with intention to have the sev- 
eral Crimiiials acquitted, and to this End, application 


was made to M' Alexander one of the Council & M- 
Morris Chief Justice and one of the Council to know 
if they would advise the issuing a Commission for that 
purpose; to which it was answer'd by M- Alexander 
that he thought it dangerous for any Councillor to ad- 
vise such a Commissiou after the Resolves of the Coun- 
cil in December iTis, as an impartial Jury could not 
be got in that County, and if such could be had and 
any of the Traitors were convicted, the Rioters w^ould 
never suffer a Judgment to be executed. On the night 
of the 15^'' of July l74i), the Rioters broke open the 
Goal of tlie County of Essex, & took from thence A ron 
Ball & Theoj^hilus Burwell, who stood committed for 
higii Treason, and set them at Liberty. 

On the 25^1' of September iTii*, the General Assembly 
met at Perth Amboy and on the 2S*!' the Governor in 
a Speech to them strongly recommended the putting a 
Stop to the Disturbances, telling them that they had 
been deaf to all he could say to them on that head ; 
On the l;y." & 17'!^ of October 174!), sundry Affidavits, 
Examinations, & Letters were laid before the Council, 
by which it appears that the Sheriff of the County of 
Somerset having return'd on the Grand Jury one of 
those indicted for Treason, He was by the C-ourt dis- 
miss'd froQi the Grand Jury, and order'd to be com- 
mitted, but the Sheriff & his Officers refused to take 
him into Custody, but suffered him to go away, — This 
matter was by the Council laid before the Governor. 
By the said Depositions it further appears, that tlie 
Rioters were so far from having any inclination to re- 
tarn to their Duty, that tho' they apj^lied to the Jus- 
tices & Freeholders chosen for the County of Essex to 
intercede with the Governor for a Commission of Oyer 
& Terminer, yet they refused to sign a Petition prom- 
ising Submission to the Court; And that about one 
third of the People of the County of Essex are Rioters 
and many more Favourers of them, that tliree fifths 


of the Rioters hold their Lauds by Surveys «& Patents 
under the Proprietors, that one other fifth had no land 
at all, nor any Claim to any either by Indian purchase 
or Proprietary Title, and that this fifth do the greatest 
Mischief, by destroying the Timber upon the Lands of 
others, and get their living chiefly by the Plunder of 
other men's Estates, That of the remaining fifth part 
two thirds set dov^n on lands v^ithovit any Title oi' leave 
from anybody, and lately, soon [some^] before or since 
the rioting began, have acquired Indian deeds; And 
that not one third part of the said remaining fifth part 
settled oi'iginally on pretence of Indian deeds; It fur- 
ther appears that there is scarcely a man in the County 
of Essex but what is related by Blood or Mai'riage to 
some one or other of the Rioters. 

Soon after the Meeting of the Assembly on the 25'!' 
of September IT-tO the Scheme for trying and acquit- 
ting the Traitors in the County of Essex was renew'd, 
and the Assembly took part in the Scheme, as will ap- 
pear by what follows. 

By the Examination laid before the Council on the 
17^" of October 174!! it appears, That Burwell & Ball, 
the two Prisoners mention'd to be rescued from Essex 
Goal, were persuaded to return to their Confinement, 
and petition for a Tryal, and were told that it was the 
desire of the Assembly that they should do so; It also 
appears that a Meeting was had at the House of 
Joseph Roberts on the 0'.'' of October, when the said 
Burwell & Ball, with others of the Rioters and Joseph 
Camp a Member of the Assembly were present; That 
the said Burwell & Ball then sign'd three Petitions of 
the Governor & Council & Assembly praying that they 
might have their Tryals. 

By the Minutes of Council of the 17'" of Octobei- 
1 74 9, it appears that Joseph Camp, a Member of the 
Assembly, brought a Petition from the said Ball and 
Burwell to the Council, which he acknowledg'd to 
have received from them they not being in Goal. 


On the 10"' of October 1749 a Petition of Theophilus 
Biirwell and Aron Ball was read in the House of 
Assembly setting forth that they were committed to 
the Goal of the County of Essex on a charge of Trea- 
son, and having lain there near three months & having 
no hopes of coming to a Tryal, it induced them to 
escape from their Confinement through the Aid of 
others, But being convinced that such escapes were 
illegal and being willing to take their Tryal, they had 
submitted themselves to confinement again, and pray- 
ing the House to introduce them so far into His Excel- 
lency's Favour as for them to have an immediate 
Tryal; upon the second reading of this Petition on the 
■i"' of October, the House of Assembly order'd two of 
their Members (of which the said Joseph Camp was 
one) to wait on the Governor and acquaint him that 
the House humbly pray'd him to issue a Commission 
for holding the Court Oyer & Terminer and general 
Goal Delivery in the County of Essex, for trying the 
Prisonei's confin'd there for High Treason and other 
criminals in the said County. 

The Governor having on the 12"' & 14"' of October 
laid before the Council a Petition to him fi'om the said 
Burwell and Ball of the same purport of that pre- 
sented to the Assembly, the said Message from the 
Assembly and the 4(»"' Article of his Majesty's Instruc- 
tions, and desired their Advice upon the same, 

They on the 2()"' of the same Month delivered their 
Advice and Opinion in writing signed by six of them 
in the Substance following. 

That having considered the several Papers referred 
to them by the Governor they beg'd leave to lay before 
liim for his Consideration, the resolves of the Council 
of the 12'.'' of December then last, which were commu- 
nicated to the Assembly, and appear in their printed 
Minutes of the 13"' of the same month, they also assure 
the ( « ovei-nor that they were far from having any I'ea- 


son to change their Opinion express'd in those Resolves, 
but many things to confirm them in it, such as the 
growth of the Number of the Rioters, naturally to be 
expected from the Assiduity of their Heads, and the 
Encouragement given them by the Refusal of the then 
Assembly to do anything against them, and by the 
last & present Sessions of Assembly absolutely refus- 
ing and declining to raise any money for guarding the 
Goals, or to bring them to Tryal in other Counties, 
where fair and impartial Juries could be had. 

That the Growth of the Rioters was also naturally 
to be expected from the continuing to plunder other 
mens Estates, and the hopes of a share of the Booty, 
would naturally induce all the Vagabonds of that and 
the neighbouring Provinces to iiiHst with them and 
sign their Combinations. 

The Council further observe that from the Deposi- 
tions laid before the Council on the 17"' it was easy to 
see the improbability that two lawful Juries could be 
found in the County of Essex, and upon the whole 
tliey humbly advis'd the Governor not to grant the 
Commission requested until His Majesty's Pleasure 
was known. 

On the l-i*'' of October 1749 the House of Assembly 
made a long Address to the Governor in answer to his 
Speech of the ^8*'' of September, wherein they attempt 
to justify themselves & former Assembly's for not act- 
ing with Vigour against the Rioters. But make no 
promises of doing anything, but persuading the Rioters 
to return to their Duty; which they say they have 
some reason to expect will be effected. 

The Council having made some Amendments to the 
Bill sent up by the House of Assembly for the Support 
of the Government the Assembly on the 18. of October 
1749, resolv'd that the Council had no right to amend 
any money Bill whatever, & therefore rejected the said 
Amendments, & sent the Council a Message that they 


look'd upon the mending the said Bill to be a manifest 
Infringement upon the rights and privileges of the 
House of Assembly & those they represented, and 
having printed the Amendments in their Notes of the 
20"' of October, they on the same day sent a Message 
to the Governor acquainting him that the Council had 
proceeded in such maimer as to obstruct the passing 
the Bill for support of Government, which put it out 
of their Power to do it at that time, without giving up 
the Liberties of the People, & therefore desire the 
Governor would be pleased to dismiss them; And the 
Gov' accordingly on the same day prorogued them to 
the 30'.'' of November, without their having done any 
one thing or even proposed anything to put an End to 
the Disorders of the Province. 

On the J^»*" of November last a Number of the Rioters 
came together to the House of one Abraham Phillips 
and having by threats and abuses driven him and his 
family from the House, they in the night broke down 
the door, took off part of the Roof of the House, 
remov'd his Goods out of doors & burnt some Stacks 
of Grain & Flax, firing several Guns while they were 
about it. In Consequence of this Riot the Governor, 
on the '2iV? of Jan'ry last issued a Proclamation requir- 
ing all Officers Civil & Military to be vigilant in appre- 
hending all persons concei'ii'd in the said Riots and 
also commanding the Sheriffs and Officers of Militia 
upon Notice of any Riot to raise as many men as 
should be necessary to apprehend all Persons concern'd 
and convey them to the Goals of their respective Coun- 

Notwithstanding which it further appears by a De- 
position upon Oath of one John Hacket that on the 2"' 
of Feb'ry last a number of Persons arm'd with Clubs 
did attack the said Hacket & some other Persons em- 
ploy'd by Mess'"-^ Allen & Turner to cut down Wood on 
a Tract of Land purchased by the said Allen & Turner 


of the Society, alledging that the Land belong'd to 
them as the oldest Inhabitants. That upon their being 
secured & refusing to give Security according to Law, 
they were committed to Goal, declaring they expected 
to be rescued by the Mob. 

On the 13^" of February the Council and Assembly 
met according to Prorogation and the next day the 
Governor made a Speech to them, acquainting them 
with the aforemention'd Eiots & the Proclamation he 
had issued, recommending unanimity betwixt the two 
Branches of the Legislature, as the only means of 
restoring Peace to the Province. 

On the 22^ following the Assembly addressed the 
Governor in answer to his Speech, setting forth that 
if there had been any Contest betwixt the Branches of 
the Legislature, 'twas owing to the CounciFs Infringe- 
ment of their Liberties by making Amendments to the 
Bill for Support of Government. That as to the Riots 
committed, the Offenders were under legal Prosecu- 
tion; which was the only Measure to be pursued in 
Cases of the like Nature, and that if His Excellency 
had issued a Commission of Oyer and Terminer for the 
Tryall of those under Confinement in the Goal of the 
County of Essex, according to their Request, it might 
liave and still may, if pursued, prove beneficial and 
conducive to Suppressing the Spirit of Tumult, 

The same day the Bill for Support of Government 
was read with the Amendment made by the Council, 
which the Assembly unanimously rejected, and the 
Council adhering to their Amendment, the Session past 
without anything being done towards restoring the 
Peace of the Province, & putting a Stop to the danger- 
ous Spirit of Riot and Rebellion, which has prevailed 
for near five years — 

Such appears to be the State of the Rise & Progress 
of the Riots which have been committed in this Pro- 
vince, and of the Proceedings of the Legislature of the 


Province thereupon, from the Letters and other papers 
which have been transmitted to Us by His Majesty's 
late Gov'.' of this Province and by the Council, after 
his Death, and also from a State of Facts drawn up by 
the Council. But it must be observ'd that altho' M"" 
Belcher, the present Governor arriv'd in this Province 
at a time when these Insurrections were carried on 
with the greatest Violence, when the Rioters there 
broke out into open Rebellion and the Infection had 
already spread into the neighbouring Province of New 
York, yet he did not think proper to represent this 
Affair to His Majesty, tho' strongly urged by the 
Council, to join with them for that purpose. He did 
however in his Letters to Us dated the 27. of June 
1 747 take Notice of the Province being in great Confu- 
sion by Riots committed by a Set of seditious Persons 
who broke open the King's Goals and rescued Prison- 
ers confined therein, but transmitted no Papers rela- 
tive thereto, and in a Letter dated the 22^1 April 174S, 
observes that things carried the Countenance of (^)uiet 
and good Order. In his Letters to Us dated the 22'! of 
April, the 2-1-. of Oct^ & 27. of November last, he again 
represents that the Province was in great Confusion 
and Disorder, and that the Assembly had refused to 
grant Assistance to the Government, and would enter 
into no Measures for suppressing the Rioters, but as 
with these Letters he does not transmit any Proofs 
relative thereto, it would have been impossible to have 
known the true State of this Affair, had not the Coun- 
cil l)een more careful in this particular. 

That his Dependence upon the Assembly has been 
the Motive of his Conduct may be hard to say, but very 
easy to believe, when considered that he has readily 
come into every favourable Measure proposed by them, 
but however this may be, the Fact is that by the Ob- 
stinacy of the Assembly on one hand, in whose Power 
it was to have suppress'd the Means of Riots in their 


Infancy, and the want of Power in the Governor and 
Council on the other, His Majesty's Province of New Jer- 
sey is at Present in open Rebellion, and unless some 
speedy & effectual Measures are soon taken. His Maj- 
esty's Government, Laws & Authority not only in this 
but in the neighbouring Provinces, whose Inhabitants 
for the most part are bg.t too well inclined to receive 
the Infection, will in aU probability be absolutely de- 

The Members of His Majesty's Council, in order to 
give the most impartial Account of this Affair, have 
transmitted the several Papers which have been pub- 
lished by the Rioters in Assertion or Explanation of 
their Pretence for such violent Outrage, but as those 
Papers are either ignorantly or designedly very dark 
& unintelligible, it may not be improper to state what 
their pretence appears to be, of which the following is 
the best Account that can be given, viz' 

That in 1663 King Charles the 2*? granted New York, 
New Jersey & other Territories to the Duke of York, 
who immediately sent over a Deputy Governor thither, 
that the Governor granted a License to some persons 
to purchase Lands of the Indians, under which they 
accordingly purchased a Tract since call'd Elizabeth 
Town, but that before the date of such License the 
Duke of York had actually sold their Province of New 
Jersey, wherein Elizabeth Town was seated, to Lord 
Berkeley and S- George Carteret, by which means 
those Persons were disappointed in strict law of their 

By a Bill filed in the Court of Chancery of that Pro- 
vince by the Proprietors in the year 1746, relative to 
this question it appears that the Numbers of Persons 
interested in that License to purchase were 80 and no 
more, & supposing they had been dispossess'd by the 
Duke of York's Grantees, it must have been in the 
year 1664, and before any Improvement could have 


been made, but it appears from the said ^ill in Chan- 
cery, that every one of those eighty persons, one only 
excepted, did take out Grants & Confirmations for 
their Lands from the Proprietors on the usual Terms 
others did, and paid the usual Quit Rent, so that this 
Pretence, which might have had some Equity in it, 
during the short time it existed, is only a Piece of Art 
of the Rioters, and very absurd to apply that single in- 
stance to Places where Riots have been committed at 
thirty or forty Miles distance on land not under the 
same Circumstances. Besides as they have publickly 
given out that the Right to the Soil in America belongs 
to the Native Indians and not to the Crown, this seems 
to be only a Shadow of Pretence to colour their evil 
Intention of throwing of their Tenure under and Al- 
legiance to the Crown, & absolutely destroying His 
Majesty's Right and Authority in those Parts. And 
supposing these Rioters had sufi'er'd any Hardships 
from the Proprietors, and that the said Proprietors 
might have permitted them under imaginary Titles 
from the Indians to settle and improve the Lands for 
a length of time, and then l)y Law unconscionably dis- 
possessed them, yet that could not by any means justify 
an open Rebellion against His Majesty; But very far 
otherwise is the Case, for the Proprietors absolutely 
deny any such Injustice, and it appears tliat these 
Rioters are not persons who under pretence of any 
Grants have set down upon clear \1 & improved Lands, 
but are a Set of Freebooters who enter upon any lands, 
& cut down and destroy the timber, tho' the Lands 
have been ever so long granted to others under the 
King's Title. 

As to the Laws passVl in this Province, during the 
Course of these Riots & Disorders, and on occasion 
thereof, and which we have already in a former part 
of Our Report fully stated. We must further acquaint 
your Lordships that We did refer the same to His 


Majesty's Attorney & Solicitor General for their 
Opinion thereupon, who have represented to Us That 
as to the Act for pardon to the Persons guilty of the 
late Insurrections, which by the Act itself appears to 
have been thought to amount to high Treason in some 
of the Parties, it is a Matter that must rest entirely in 
His Majesty's Royal Breast, weighing all the Circum- 
stances and Consequences that may be foreseen or 
apprehended. But that it appear'd to them very extra- 
ordinary that in a Matter of so great Moment, in which 
the Peace of the w^hole Province had been disturb'd, 
and the Conduct of the Rioters seem'd to have been no 
less than a Rebellion, and the only Alleviation so much 
as insinuated as to any of the Criminals is their being 
artfully misled, a Pardon of all should be granted, 
without excepting even those that misled the rest, or 
leaving any one to the Justice of the Law besides those 
who have been actually indicted of Treason, and their 
Tryal suspended. 

That as to the Act for avoiding Actions of Slander, 
and for Stay of Proceedings in other Civil Actions, 
they did not know enough of the Ground of these 
Actions of Slander, to form any Judgment upon that 
part of it, much less to see how that is so connected 
with the late Insurrections as to make those any Rea- 
son for such a Suspension. 

With regard to the other part of the Act relating to 
the Stay of other Civil Actions against the late Riot- 
ers, they did not see upon what Reason it could be 
founded that His Majesty's Subjects who had been so 
grossly injured in their Property should be delay 'd in 
the Recovery of that Satisfaction which the Law gives 

That as to the Act for suppressing Riots, &c, it 
appear'd to them to have a Tendency not to suppress 
but encourage Riots, as it inflicts a much less Punish- 
ment than what the Law at present does; the Penalty 


of Ten pounds and their own Security in one hundred 
Pounds for good Behaviour for three years being by 
no means adequate to the Crime. 

We must further humbly beg Leave to represent to 
your Lordships that M' Morris, Chief Justice & one of 
His Majesty's Council in this Province, did, when the 
Act for pardoning the Persons guilty of these Insur- 
rections was laid before the Council for their Assent, 
strongly represent to them the Illegality & Inexpedi- 
ency of such an Act, and that it was contrary to the 
Powers & Directions of His Majesty's Commission to 
the Governor of the said Province. 

That there was Power and Strength enough in the 
Government to put the Laws in Execution, & that the 
Governor, with the Council & Assembly could, if they 
would, presently put a Stop to the Disorders, but that 
while there was a want of Inclination to do it, all the 
mild Measures proposed would be ineffectual. 

Upon the whole We are humbly of Opinion that the 
several aforemention'd Laws should receive His 
Majesty's Disapprobation. 

From the aforemention'd State of Facts it fully 
appears that this Province is in a State of entire Diso- 
bedience to all Authority of Government & Law 
attended with Circumstances which manifest a Dispo- 
sition to revolt from their Dependance upon the Crown 
of Great Britain. 

The Rise or at least the Progress and Continuance of 
these Disorders is principally to be ascribed to tlie 
Weakness of the Government in this Province, arising 
from the unfortunate Circumstances under which 
every Governor there must labour in the Discharge of 
His Duty, being confin'd to the Alternative of either 
comi)lying with every popular Measure for impairing 
the Authority of the Crown, or of being depriv'd of 
such a reasonable Provision as is not only necessary to 
the Support of the Dignity of his Office, but even to 
his own Subsistance 


It seems therefore necessary to establish as a funda- 
mental Principle, that as long as the Governor is so 
absolutely dependant upon the Assembly as he is at 
present, Order & good Government cannot be re-estab- 
lish'd in this Province. 

This being premis'd, several Methods have occurred 
for the immediate extinguishing these Disturbances. 

The most effectual Method seems to be the sending 
from hence a sufficient Military Force under the Direc- 
tion of a Commander to be appointed for that Service, 
But if the Situation of the Province be not thought to 
require so strong a Remedy as this is; if it be objected 
that the Expence of it would at this time be too bur- 
thensome, or if it be apprehended that it might give 
such an Alarm as might be attended with very disa- 
greeable Consequences, 

The four Companies at New York may be sent 
under the Command of a Person authorized by a 
special Commission for that purpose, or under the 
Command of a proper Governor of New Jersey, who 
shall be enabled to exert the Authority of the Crown 
and act freely & independently by having a competent 
Salary settled upon him at home. 

But if Difficulties should attend the settling such a 
Salary upon the Governor of New Jersey, or if it be 
thought that the Weight of his Power and Authority, 
even tho' he should have such a Salary as may bo 
judged an adequate Support for him, will not be so 
efficacious or so permanent as that of the Governor of 
New York, where four Companies are constantly 
established: In such Case, 

The Government of New Jersey may be re-united to 
the Government of New York, the respective Legisla- 
tures continuing distinct, as they were before 1738, 
and Orders sent to the said Governor to go to New 
Jersey with the four Companies or such a part of them 
as he shaU judge to be sufficient for the reducing these 
j-ebellious Rioters to Obedience. 


As no ressoiii'ces can be expected fi'oni the Province 
considering the Temper of the Assembly and the Dis- 
I)ositions of the People the three Methods above men- 
tioned are all that have occurr'd for the immediate 
Suppression of these Disorders,, and it must be added 
that whatever Plan shall be approvVl, the Person who 
shall be intrusted with the Execution thereof must be 
arm'd with proper Powers and Instructions for using 
Force, if necessary for granting Pardon and Indemnity 
to such of the Offenders as shall surrender themselves 
within a limitted Time, (such Pardon to contain proper 
Exceptions & Conditions) for bringing to Justice those 
who shall continue obstinate in Rebellion, and for 
restoring Vigour to the Laws, and in general he should 
be invested with all such Powei"s and Instructions as 
may be necessary for resettling the Government, & 
re-establishing good Order & Tranquillity in the Prov- 

For these Purposes many usefull Precedents have 
been found in Our Books, which happen to have been 
form'd upon a great Occasion of a like Nature, and 
upon iiuch Deliberation in Council, a short abstract 
whereof is hereunto annexed. 

Since the finishing this Representation, We have 
receiv'd several Letters from M' Belcher, the Governor 
of the Colony, representing the distressed Condition of 
the said Colony on account of the Riots which have 
been committed therein, and the Disunion betwixt the 
Council & Assembly. 

In a Letter to Us dated the 2<)''' of December last, 
he acquaints Us that there is no money in the Treas- 
ury for any Use or Service whatsoever, and that the 
Spirit of rioting continues to be as much and as violent 
as ever. And in a Letter to Us dated the 2<5. of March, 
he acquaints Us that the Authors of the Riots last 
mention'd in the foregoing State, have been seiz'd and 
have given Bail to stand Tryal, yet that he is afraid 


the Issue will prove but a weak Medicine in cure of 
the present distemper; That as to the publick Treasury 
it continued in the same State, in which there was not 
one shilling for the greatest Emergency whatsoever, 
that the Matter of the Rioters so spreads its Influence, 
and has so many Abettors as that all things of the 
Legislature seem'd to be stagnated by it, and till it is 
brought to an End, the Province he fear'd would get 
into greater Disorder and Confusion. 

We must further acquaint your Lordships that soon 
after we had prepared the foregoing Eepresentation 
upon the State of His Majesty's Province of New Jer- 
sey, in readiness to be laid before your Lordships, We 
receiv'd your Lordships Order of the 3'' of May last, 
directing Us to take into Consideration and report Our 
Opinion upon a Petition of the House of Representa- 
tives of this Colony, setting forth amongst other things 
that the Proprietors of the Eastern Division of the said 
Colony from the first Settlement thereof have surveyed 
patented and divided their Lands by Concessions 
amongst themselves, in such manner as that many 
Irregularities have ensued from thence, which have 
occasioned Multitudes of Controversies and Law Suits 
about Titles and Boundaries of Lands — That the Inhab- 
itants of the said Colony have hitherto fully demon- 
strated their Principles of Duty & Loyalty to the Gov- 
ernment by supporting of Government to their best 
Ability, granting Aid in time of War when required 
by any Intimation of the Royal Pleasure, and by a 
ready Submission to the Laws of the Land, excepting" 
of late some imprudent People have in a riotous man- 
ner obstructed the Course of legal Proceedings brought 
against them by their Antagonists touching some of 
these Controversy about Lands, & therefore humbly 
beseeching that His Majesty will be graciously pleas'd 
to continue to His loyal Subjects of that Colony His 
Royal Countenance in such manner as he in His Wis- 
dom shall see meet. 


In 01)edience to this your Lordships Order, We have 
taken the said Petition into Our Consideration and 
have been attended by M!' Richard Partridge, Agent 
for the Assembly of the said Colony in support of the 
said Petition, and by M' Paris, Solicitor in behalf of 
M' Morris and M' Alexander two of His Majesty's 
Council of the s-' Colony, and the rest of the Proprie- 
tors of the Eastern Division thereof, complained of in 
the said Petition. 

M' Partridge in support of the Petition laid before 
us an Address of the said House of Representatives to 
the Governor of the said Colony on the 14'" of October 
last, and also a Message of the IT'*" of the same month, 
C^opies whereof are hereunto annex'd, acquainting us 
at the, same time that he had no Instructions from his 
Constituents to enter into a Discussion of the Merits 
of the said Petition, but only to leave these Papers, 

Upon his declining in this manner to enter into the 
Merits of the Petition, We calFd upon him for His 
Instructions upon this head, whereupon he laid before 
Us two Letters to him, one dated the 27. of November, 
the other the 2(f. of December 1 719 from M'. Richard 
Smith, one of the Members of the Assembly of the 
said Colony, directed to correspond with M' Partridge, 
in which last Letter the said Petition was inclosVl, and 
which M'. Partridge alledged contain'd his Instructions. 

In the first of these Letters, Copies whereof are 
hej-eunto annex'd, M!" Smith acquainted M'.' Partridge 
that their Session was broke up, without any Laws, 
that they were now got to that pass that the Council 
had amended the Su])port Bill till they had spoil'd it 
and thereby prevented it passing, & that he could not 
think anything would be done until there was a 
Change of some of them. 

In his Letter of the 20^'' of December, are these 
words, viz^ 

" I now inclose two Sets of Votes, one Petition to 


the King, one Representation to the Board of Trade 
and a Copy of the Message and Abstract of the Ad- 
dress both drawn out fair & sign'd by the Clerk of 
the Assembly to be presented with the Petition to the 
King which the Assembly, thou wilt see by their 
Minutes depend upon thee to present — I had no Op- 
portunity of sending them sooner than by this Ves- 
sel Cap* James, who is the first since Cap* Meynard 
for London otherwise they would not have delay'd it 
till now. Thou urgest the raising of money to guard 
the Goals, which is a thing quite impracticable here, 
because of the general Outcry or Dislike to those 
called the Proprietors, they have, how justly I can't 
say, gotten such a general Odium on their Names, 
that the People would not pay any Money to support 
their Schemes, that it would have been setting the 
Country by the Ears for the Legislature to have at- 
tempted the raising of money for that Service. . . . 

Thou wilt observe what the Assembly 

have done relating to the rioting Affairs is in their 
own defence, not with any design to espouse the 
rioting Cause, neither do they desire thou wilt any 
further enter into that Affair than to save this Pro- 
vince and the Assembly of it from anything that 
may be charged on them to their Disadvantage for 
neglect which they have been charged witli on that 

M! Paris acquainted Us that as M' Partridge had not 
thought i3roper to enter into the Proof of the Allega- 
tion of the said Petition, he should only observe that 
this Petition was voted in the House of Representa- 
tives on the 19*." of October last, and printed in the 
Votes of the same day, with an Intent to influence the 
Province & give a Spirit to the Rioters. 

That however the Assembly did not think proper to 
transmit it to England until Deceml following, & tliat 
it was not i)resented to His Majesty until the 4*-' of April 


last, thereby hoping to delay such measures as might 
be determined here for putting a Sto}) to the Riots & 
Disorders of the Province. 

That the Assembly have now transmitted over this 
Libel upon the faithful Servants of the Crown both 
living & dead, without any Evidence, in which they 
blame them for those Parts of their Conduct which 
have been most approved of here. 

That as to what is alledged in the Petition that the 
Proprietors refused to determine the Matters in Con- 
test by a few Tryals at Law, as the Nature of the thing- 
would admit, but on the contrary discovered a Disposi- 
tion to harrass People by a multiplicity of Suits, he in- 
sisted that the said Proprietors did several times offer 
to put their Right in trial in the easiest way, for the 
Truth of which he referr'd to a Letter from David Og- 
den to James Alexander Esq- one of the said Proprie- 
tors, dated the ?>'! of March 17-f5, a Copy whereof is 
hereunto annexVl. The truth of wliich will further 
appear to your Lordships from several Facts set forth 
in the foregoing Re})resentation of the state of this 

Thus to what was alledged of an Amendment made 
by the Council to the Bill for setting the Quotas of the 
respective Counties, to which the Assembly could not 
consent; M'.' Paris observ'd that the Governor of the 
said Colony being directed by His Instructions not to 
consent to any Act to lay any Tax upon unprofitable 
Lands, His Majesty's Council thought it their Duty in 
Obedience to the said Instructions to make the follow- 
ing Amendm- in the said Bill, viz' 

It is hereby declared that nothing in this Act is 
meant or intended to break in upon the said Instruc- 
tions "or to warrant the said Assessors to V)ut any un- 
" profitable Lands into the said List or Account of 
" Things to be tax'd." Which Amendment We find 
to be entred in the Journal of the Council on the U. of 
March 1748. 


That as to all other Facts stated in the said Petition, 
as also in the Address and Message presented by M' 
Partridge, they are falsified by the several Papers 
which he had before presented to Us, relative to the 
Plots and Disorders in this Province, and that the As- 
sembly in their Address own their having after tv^o 
Years advised lenitive Measures. 

Upon the whole We must observe to your Lordships 
That the sending over this Petition unsupported with 
any Evidenqe, appears to Us to be a further Proof of 
the bad Conduct of the Assembly of this Colony, an 
Insult upon the Crown, and an Injury to the Persons 
complain'd of therein. 

All of which is most humbly submitted 

Dunk Halifax 
J. Grenville 
Wliitehall June 1. 1Y50 Dupplin 

Charles Townshend 

Corres}yondence relating to the Accidental killing of a 
maid Servant of Colonel Ricketts, of Elizaheth- 
toicn, by a shot from tlie Ship Oreyhound. 

I From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. VI, pp. 571-0, 5-^3-5.] 

Captain Roddain to Chief Justice Delancey. 


I am sorry for the unhappy accident by a shot from 
His Maj'- ' ship the Greyhound as you or any other can 
be. I have ordered the officer who commanded on 
board at that time to be put under an arrest, that he 
may be brought to a tryall, according to the Laws and 
discipline of His Maj"" navy, but I must complaine, 
that the Gunner's mate (as I am informed by the pui'- 


ser of the Greyhound) whom I sent on shore to give 
evidence at the Coroners inquest, is committed to Jail 
by your Warrent. This may affect the disciphne, on 
Board of His Maj''' ships and every officer's authority, 
in such a manner as You must be sensible of it; I must 
therefore desire, that he be immediately released, and 
if you or any other person, give me information of any 
offence that the mate has committed, he shall be 
brought to a tryall for the same according to the laws' 
and rules of His Maj''" navy, and for your further in- 
formation I inclose a copy of a Clause in His Ma,f^' 
Commission to the Governour of this Province relating 
to offences committed on board His Maj'-" ships of 
warr — I must. Sir, begg your answer speedily to this, 
am Sir Your very humble servant 

June the s"' 1750 RoB^' Roddam 

To the Hon''''' James Delanceij Esq'' 

The second letter I dehvered to Justice Delancey his 
answer was that he could not deliver up the Gunner's 
mate upon a bear letter from the CaptI', that the man 
was committed regularly and would consider whithei' 
it was proper to give him an answer or not 

Jn° Lightbukne 

June the !>"' 1750 at 8 in the evening. 

Chief Justice Delancey to Captain Roddani. 


I i-eceived Your Letter Yesterday Evn" and for your 
Information will acquaint you that upon comi)laint 
made to me by Coll: Ricketts, that as he was sailing 
in his pleasure boat with his wife and family, being 
between Nutten Island and the great Battery his maid 
servant was killed by a shott fired from on Board His 
Maj'^^ sliip Greyhound; and your Gunner's mate hav- 


ing in his examination before the Coroner of this City 
and County confessed, that he fired the gun I thought 
myself obHged to sign a warrant to committ him to 
Jail, in doing this I am perswaded I discharged the 
duty of my office I am Sir 

Your very humble servant 

James Delancey 
New York 'J"' June 1750 

To Rob' Roddam Escf Capt" of H. M's Ship Grey' 

Captain Roddam to Chief Justice Delancey 

Although I told your servant who deliver'd me your 
letter dated this da}' that itt required no answer, yet 
on perusal I observe your are of opinion you have 
acted consistent with your duty; so far from making 
any doubt, that your thoughts were such I believe itt. 
But sir, your warrant was issued and the Gunners' 
mate committed to Jail by virtue of that warrant, 
before I had the opportunity of informing you of tbe 
clause in His Maj'^' Commission to His Gover' of this 
Province, therefore I must expect and demand that 
you deliver up to me the Gunners mate (who was then 
actually on board and in pay of His Maj'- ' ship Grey- 
hound) in order to his being tryed if charged with any 
crime committed on board His Maj*- " ships pursuant 
to the directions in the said clause in His Maj'- ' Com- 
mission to His Governour, the articles of war and Stat- 
utes made for that purpose, for the observance of His 
Maj'- ' navy — 

Rob' Roddam 

Greyhound New York June the 9"' 1750. 
To the Hon'"''' James Delancey Esq' 


Chief Justice Delancey to Captain Robert Rod- 

Sir ■ '- 

I received your letter of the 9"' inst at night, the 
next day was Sunday and I could not see the Coroner 
till yesterday's evening: The morning being foul I did 
not go to town till late in afternoon; Upon my sending 
to the Coroners he show'd me the Inquisition taken 
before him, by which I find Your Gmmei's mate is 
charged with the murder of Eliz"' Stebben committed 
within the city and County of New York and therefore 
I cannot now comply with your demand to deliver up 
to you, your Gunner's mate but must lett him remain 
to be delivered by a due course of Law. I am sorry 
this accident has given you so much trouble, it is like 
to give me more, as it is a case of great consequence 
and requires great consideration, it shall meet with all 
the attention in every circumstance of it, that the case 
deserves from Sir 

Your most humble servant 
James Delancey 
New York 12'" June 1750 
To Eob^ Roddam Esq-^ 

Clove rnor Clinton to the Duke of Bedford. 

My Lord Duke 

As a small vessel with a pendant flying was passing 
the Greyhound, with a brisk gale of Avind, the Com- 
manding officer on board (in the absence of the Capt") 
endeavoured to bring her to, by firing two several shot, 
at some distance of time, the last of which unhappily 
killed a woman on board the Vessel. This made a 
great noise in the Town, of which the Faction endev- 
oured to take advantage to my prejudice, as Cap" R(xl- 


dam the Commander of the Greyhomid, is my son in 
Law, A number of them met at a Tavei-n, where the 
heads of the Faction, have usually made their rendez- 
vous, and M' Chief Justice Delancey among them, 
where they stay'd the whole night, as I am informed? 
and I believe truly, to consult, how to make the best 
use of this incident for increasing and confirming their 
popularity. The Coroner's inquest being met, the next 
day Capt'' Roddam at their desire, ordered several of 
his men on shore to give such information as should 
be asked of them, that he had hot the least inclination 
to screen the person, who gave the offence, from Jus- 
tice, he immediately put the Lieut" ^ who commanded 
at that time under an arrest. 

The Gunner's mate was one of them who went on 
shore, and informed the inquest (as I am told) that the 
Lieut* pointed the Gun, and that he by the Lieu'' order, 
put the match to it. On which the inquest found the 
Gunner's mate guilty of willful murder; The Chief 
Justice committed him to Gaol, for murder, but before 
he had seen the Coroner's inquest, as appears by his 
letter to Capt" Roddam of the 12"' inst: — Capt" Roddam 
being informed of it, desired by three several letters 
that His Gunner's mate might be delivered up to him, 
that he being actually in His Maj'^' pay and service, 
if charged with any offence committed on board His 
Maj'''^ ship, might be tryed according to the Laws and 
Statutes made for that purpose. Capt" Roddam in- 
closed m his fii'st letter, a copy (from the Records of 
this province) of a clause in his Maj*- ' Commission to 
the Gov' of this province whereby all offences, com- 
mitted on board His Maj'- ' ships, are exempted from 
the common Jurisdiction of this province, and directs 
in what manner they should be tryed, notwithstand- 
ing of which the Chief Justice refused to release or 
deliver up the Gunner's mate. 

I have done nothing in this affair, than to order the 


Attorney General to be served with a copy of this 
clause, and that it be printed in one of the news papers, 
to quiet the minds of the people, who were exasperated 
by the clamours of the Cabal. 

This is a short and true account of the facts so far 
as they have come to my knowledge and on which I 
beg leave to make the inclosed observations.' — lam 
with the greatest respect — 
My Lord Duke 

Your Graces most humble and 
most obedient servant 
G. Clinton 

Fort George in New York 12 June 1750 
To His Grace the Duke of Bedford 

Ca,])taiii Roddam to Chief Justice Delancey. 


As Jame;5 Park my Gunner's mate committed to 
Gaol by your Warrant, on ace' on the melancholy ac- 
cident that happened sometime since by a shott from 
His Majesty's ship Greyhound under my command, 
M' John How l)eing at that time commanding Officer 

' These ' Observations on the Chief Justice's behaviour, on account of a late un- 
happy accident," are printed at length on page 575 of Vol. VI, N.Y. Col. Docts. The 
following passages are the most pertinent to the subject: "It cannot be doubted 
but that His Maj'ty by his prerogative has power to declare the extent of all Juris- 
dictions in America, to fix the limits and bounds of them. The stream of Hudson's 
river is the limit of Jurisdiction between New York and New Jersey. The Grey- 
hoimd was riding in the stream of that river, when this accident happened, by a 
shot from that ship. It is true however that Coll: Montgomerie, formerly Gov'r of 
this ijlace, erected the Town of New York, into a City and County, and extended 
their Jurisdiction to the West side of Hudson's river opposite to the Town, which 
was afterwards confirmed to them by act of Assembly, but as tlie same clause was 
in Governor Montgomerie'.s Commission, exempting all offences committed on board 
His Maj'tys is thought that no power of Jurisdiction, granted by virtue of 
that Commission, can give cognizance of offences committed on the water, and on 
boardof any of His Maj'tj's ships." ******** " I am persuaded that 
not the least evidence was or can be given that the Commanding Officer on board 
the Greyhound or any other person on board that ship had any malice, or ill will to 
any person on board the vessel in which the woman was killed, Ijut on the contrary 


on board the said ship as my Lieut^ whom I immediately 
put under an arrest and have now sent on B' M' Mais- 
toison Capt" of His Maj'^'^ ship Hector (which is now 
upon saihng for England) in order that he may take 
his tryall according to the statutes and directions of 
His Maj'^' navy by which all H. M's ships are to be 
Governed — For which reason I desire you will order 
the said James Park to be delivered to me or my order, 
that as he is charged in Your warr* with murder com- 
mitted on the water he may accordingly be sent home 
to take his tryall likewise, pursuant to the articles of 
war provided for the observance of His Maj'- ' Navy — 
Your speedy answer will oblige — Sir — 

Your very humble servant 
June 19. 1750 Rob^ Roddam 

To Chief Justice Delancey. 

Attorney General Bradley to Captain Roddam. 


I receiv'd Yours of the 21'' ins': but confess little ex- 
pected any letter on that subject after my answer to 
your first; but as you now demand an answer in writ- 
ing, that you may acquaint the Lords Commissioners 
of His Maj'y' navy of my conduct in this affair, I shall 
state the facts as they are come to my knowledge in 
order to give you a more distinct ansvver to what you 
demand. James Parks your Gunner's mate by order 
of your Lieut!^ fired a swivle gun from your ship at a 
small pleasure boat crossing the Bay, which killed a 
young girl in the boat: the corpse was brought ashore 

a very great friendship and intimacy between the Gentleman to wliom tlie vessel 
belonged and Mr. How the Commanding officer then on board, as I am informed, 
and as to the Gunners mate, it appears fi-om the evidence given on the Coroners 
inquest, that as he did not point the gun, he could not tell how near or far from 
that vessel it was pointed, and that he put the match to it, after he had received his 
superior oflBcers command for so doing." 


in this City and the Coroner supposing the fact to have 
been done within the body of the City and County of 
New York according as the bounds of the City as de- 
scribed in the Charter gi-anted to this City by His 
Ma.f ^'^ letter patent which are confirmed by act of As- 
sembly, summoned a Jury which sate on the body, 
and by that inquest the fact is found to be murder 
committed within the body of the City and County of 
New York, and James Parks guilty thereof; and I am 
told James Parks by your order was sent ashore from 
tlie ship, examined by the Coroner, and being accused 
of murder as above, was comitted to Gaol by the Chief 
Justice of this Province. Whether these facts are true 
I can't pretend to say any further than that James 
Parks is found guilty of murder by the C-oroners in- 
quest as above, but have stated them as they have 
been reported to me and which if you give me occasion 
1 must represent to the Lords of the Admiralty accord- 
ingly. You desire by your first letter to know whether 
I have demanded James Parks of the Chief Justice, 
and if I have not, why I have not. Whether an At- 
torney General of this province is obliged to answer 
those questions Pm certain is no matter of doubt, but 
waving that I answer, I have not demanded him, and 
the reasons why I have not is: because I know ik^ 
power or right I have to demand him and might Justly 
expect a severe censure from the Chief Justice for my 
impertinence and arrogance in matters of Law should 
I do it. 

Whether the clause in his Excell'^' Commission you 
refer to in your letter is sufficient to oust the Supream 
Court of this province of Jurisdiction, in this case of 
M' Parks's is not my province to determine: and God 
forbid but that he should have all the priviledges the 
Law allows him, especially in a matter of blood which 
I doubt not he will have, if he has any thing to plead 
that can be of advantage to him in any way what 


I hope Sir, this being the Case you will not make 
it necessary for me to Justify my conduct to their 
Lordships in this affair 

And am your very humble servant 
July 23"^'' 1750 R Bradley 

To Capt" Roddam Command' of H. Majesty's ship 
G reyhound — 

Captain Eoddam to Governor Clinton. 

May it please Your Excellency 

As James Park Gunner's mate of His Maj'^' ship 
Greyhound under my command was committed to the 
common gaol of this City by Chief Justice De Lancey 
contrary to a Clause in your Commission, I think my 
duty to inform Your ExcelP^' that he still remains there 
notwithstanding I have applyed to the chief Justice 
by lett' several times for his discharge — I likewise ap- 
plyed to M' Bradley hisMaj'" Attorney General of this 
province, who's duty I thought was to support His 
Maj'^' prerogative in all cases but by his answers to 
me copys of which I here inclose you'll Judge whether 
M' Bradley acts as he should in this case, Youi- Ex- 
cell'-' having long served in his Maj^^' Navy in general, 
I leave this to Your Excellencys consideration — I am 
with all due defferance and respect — Your Excellency's 
most humble and most obedient 

humble servant 

July the 2(r'' 1750 R Roddam 

To Governor Clinton 

Governor Clinton to Captain Roddam. 

Sir July 27'" 1750 Fort George 

Your lettei' of yesterday's date I i-eceived in which 
you make application to me in the affair of James 
Park your Gunner's mate; I have this day sent a copy 


of it to the Attorney General, and at the same time 
told him, that as the case concerned H. Maj'" service, 
I thought it his duty to assist and advise you what 
steps were proper to be taken, which he has promised 
to comply with; but not withstanding of this, if he 
should not be able by his age and infirmities or other- 
wise to do this effectually and properly, it is my 
opinion, that you should apply to some other Lawyer 
for his Assistance, as the affair strikes deeply at the 
discipline of the Navy, and I make no doubt of the 
Lords of the Admiralty's readiness in reimbursing any 
necessary expence that may occur on this occasion, 
and I would advise you to acquaint that board of all 
your proceedings upon the case. I am 

Sir — Your humble servant 

G. Clinton 
To Capt" Roddam Com'' of H. M's ship Greyhound. 

Memorial of Neiv Jersey Council and the Council of 
Proprietors to the King's Privy Couiwil — relative 
to tlie Riots. 

(From an Early Copy among tlie Manuscripls of W. A. AVliitehead, Vol. IV. 1 

Memorial of the Members of Hi8 Majesty's 
Council, & of the Cleneral Council of Pro- 
prietors, in his Majesty's Province of New 
Jersey, in America 

That Province is under the greatest Disoixlers & 
Confusion, which have been growing from the Year 
1745: His Ma'-'' Authority, & the Laws there, have 
lost their Force: The Gov'm^ there, is weak, The Ryot- 
ers are powerful & strong, & Property is held, at the 
Mercy & Pleasure of a Rebellious Mob. 


His Majesty's Council there, thought it their Duty 
tr» represent those Affairs, to his Ma'.^ & his Ministers: 
The Matter was referred to the Lords of Trade: And 
that Board has, pursuant to Order, very Fully repre- 
sented the State of the said Province, in a Report made, 
to the Lords of his Ma^''' most Hon*'.'® Privy Council, 
where the same waits, For Consideration. 

A single Passage in which Report states, That the 
said "Province is, at present, in open Rebellion, And, 
" unless some Speedy, & effectual Measures are soon 
"taken, his Ma'."" Gov'.m\ Laws &, Authority, not only 
" in that, but in the Neighbouring Provinces, whose 
"Inhabitants, for the most Part, ai'e but too well in 
" clinedto receive the Infection, will, in all Probability, 
* ' be absolutely destroyed. 

And the Lords of Trade, in order to restore the 
Kings Authority, & give Force to the Laws there, pro- 
pose by their said Report, three principal Matters, 
which are, in Substance, as follows, viz' 

1. That a sufficient Military Force be sent. From 
Great Britain, under a Commander, to be appointed 
For that Purpose, Or, 

2 That the Four Companys at New York, be sent to 
Jei'sey, under Command of a Person authorized by 
Special Commission, Or, under the Command of a 
Proper Governor of New Jei'sey, having a Salary from 
hence. Or, 

3 Til at the Gov'ml' of New Jersey & New York may 
be reunited under one Gov!", the Legislatures remain- 
ing distinct; & such Gov!' to use the Four Companys; 
to suppress the Rebellion in Jersey. 

As to the Four Companys in New York, it may be 
submitted that there are in that Province no less than 
Five Fortifyed Places, garrisoned by those Companys, 
Four of which Places are very remote from Jersey, in 
the back Part of the Province, & amongst the Indians; 
And, should those Companys be withdrawn. From 

1750] Administration op governor belcher. 539 

thence, it is much to be Feared, the French will innne- 
diately take Possession of some of those Forts, & turn 
the Indians upon the British Settlements, Wlierefore, 
the Aid of the Whole, or of any considerable Part, of 
those Companys, may not conveniently be afforded, 
To supply which, 

It is humbly submitted, whether two C^ompanys 
might not be I'aised, From amongst his Ma^^'* well af- 
fected Subjects, in those Parts, & be posted in New 
Jersey, to be Joyned by such Parts of the Forces from 
New York, as may be spared from thence. 

That the Board of Ordnance may be directed to send, 
to New Jersey, a Train of Artillery, like that lately 
sent to New York; as also, a Number of Small Arms, 
to be put into the Hands of such of his Ma'-^ Sul)jects 
as are untainted, & well disposed. 

That a Man of War may be stationed, at New Jer- 
^^sey, which is the only King's Gov'm* without one. 

That the Station Ships at Boston, New York, Vir- 
ginia & Carolina be ordered to repair to New Jersey, 
on Letters from the Gov' of that Province, & to con- 
cert Measures, with him. For supporting his ]\Ia'-^^ Au- 
thority, protecting his innocent Sul)jects, c*^- suppress- 
ing the Rebellion which is subsisting there: This Stej) 
will have great Weight, & at the same Time, not ex- 
pose the Publick to any Gharge or Ex])ence. 

Tliat the several Neighbouring Gov' ml* of NewYork, 
Pensilvania & C^onnecticut, may be required, on appli- 
cation Fiom the Gov' of New Jersey, to afford such 
Assistance, as shall be agreed on between the Gov'' of 
New Jersey & those Gov'.'m'.^ respectively. For sui)press- 
ing the Rebellion, With ordei-s, to those of any other 
Govl'm':' to take up & return to New Jersey, any of 
the Rebells, who may Fly From thence, & shelter in 
the respective Gov'm'." & to give the l)est Assistance in 
their Power, For putting an End to the Disorders in 
New Jersey. 


These, and Every other Matter relating hereto, are 
humbly submitted to the Consideration of his Ma*^^ most 
Hon^-'^ Privy Council: But whatever Methods shall 
seem advisable to be pursued, on the present Occasion. 

It is most humble pray'd, that the said Report or 
Representation, w^hich was dated 1. June 1750, maybe 
taken into Consideration, & such Relief given thereon, 
as the great Importance of the affair requires. 

Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
giving an account of his suspension of John Coxe 
Escf from the Council, &c. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. VI, G 70.] 

Letter from M' Belcher, Govi" of New-Jersey, 
giving y*" Board an account of his having 
Suspended John Coxe Esq'' from the Coun- 
cil, and refers to the Minutes of Council, 
herewith transmitted, for the Reasons that 
induc'd him to it. ReC^ Sept'^'' y*^ 2P.* 1750. 
Burlington N J July 31 1750. 

May It please your Lordships 

In obedience, to His Majesty's royal orders, I am to 
Acquaint your Lordships, That John Coxe Esqf lately 
a Member, of His Majesty's Council for this Province, 
has with insufferable insolence, traduced my Name 
and Character, which is such an indignity, Offer'd to 
the Commission which I have the honour to bear, 
under His Majesty, as well as a personal Abuse and 
Affront, As has obliged Me, to Suspend the Said Coxe, 
from being A Member of the Said Council— 

The declarations and Affidavits, relating to this Mat- 
ter, I have now the honour, to transmit to your Lord- 
ships (As in the minutes of Council) &, among otlier 


things) your Lordships will find, the Said M'' Co;re 
detenniii'^ to do all in his power, to hinder the King's 
Governo2ir, from having ant/ Sallar// or Stq)port — 
Surely the King don't Send His Governours Abroad, 
to live upon the Air, or their own fortunes, No I your 
Lordships were pleased to Say, in the last Lettei', I had 
the honour, to receive from your Lordships (of Novem- 
ber 25: 1748) That you Consider'd the Affair, of the 
Salary, of the King's Governour, as a matter, iu, irhich 
Oovernment is EssentiaJtij concerned When your Lord- 
ships have rec'd and Consider'd, these papers, I shall 
not doubt of your Lordships intire Approbation, of 
what I have done, on this (Jccasion; For were such 
things, to be endured, it must of Course, put an End, 
to all order and Government, and make it needless, for 
His Majesty, to Send Governours to his plantations— 
I am with great Respect My Lords 
Your Lordships Most Obedient 
& Most Humble Servant 

J. Belcher 

New Jersey 
The Minutes of the Privy Council of the Prov- 
ince of New Jersey 26^*' July 1750. 

At a Council held at Burlington in the Province of 
New Jersey on Thursday the 26"' day of July 1750. 


His Excellency the Governour 

The Hon''!'' John Rodman— James Hude | j^^^ys 

Eichard Smith Peter Kemble f 

The Secretary informed His Excellency that pursu- 
ant to his order he had Summon'd the Council to meet 
this Day 

His Excellency laid before. the Board the Affirmation 
of Robert Hartshorne Esq^ & the Depositions of Ralph 


Smith Esq' and Mess"!' Joseph Eose Richard Borden 
Joseph Smith and James Borden Two Letters from 
Thomas Cadwalader Esq.' and one from M.' Theo? Sev- 
erns which were read and ordered to be Entered on the 
Minutes and are as follows 

New Jersey ss. 

Robert Hartshorne of the City of Burlington At- 
torney at Law being Summoned before Me under 
Written One of the Justices of the Supreme Court of 
our Lord the King for the Province of New Jersey By 
His Excellency Governor Belcher's Express Com- 
mand to Declare what he Remembered Concerning Some 
Conversation which Passed at Trenton at the House of 
Elijah Bond, John Coxe Esq! Daniel Coxe, Thomas 
Cadw^alader, William Montgomerie and the said Rob- 
ej't Hartshorne being Present Relating to his said Ex- 
cellency — Whereupon the said Robert Hartshorne (be- 
ing One of the People called Quakers) on his Solemn 
Affirmation Doth Declare That Some time in the Month 
caird April last he this Affirmant being at the House 
of Elijah Bond In company w^'' the said John Coxe, 
Daniel Coxe, Thomas Cadwalader, and William Mont 
gomerie i(po}i Some Discourse Concerning Governour 
Belcher the said John Coxe said The said Governour 
Belcher was a Scoundrel and fold this Affirmant He 
Might tell the Governor So, And Also Speaking of the 
said Governor And his Support This Affirmant Said 
to the said John Coxe If he was Governour he nvn'd 
Live on potatoes before he ivou'd he Obliged to Do any 
thing against his Judgment, from Threats or fear of the 
Council or words to this Effect, to which the said John 
Coxe Beply'd That the Governour shoiCd Live on Pota- 
toes, for he shou'd have no Support If he cou'd Hinder 
it or words to this purpose. And further Saith not 

R Hartshorne 

Affirmed to, this 16"' Day of May 1750 before Me 

Cha Read D- 


New Jersey ( 
Burlington sc' \ 

Joseph Rose late of Burlington but now of Lancas- 
ter in the County of Lancaster in the Province of Penn- 
sylvania Gentlemen being of full Age and chily swoi'ii 
did declare that on the Fourteenth Day of May instant 
he being in Company at Burlington With John Coxe 
of Trenton in the County of Hunterdon Esq' Anthony 
White Esq'. M' Richard Hill and M' William Coxe of 
Philadelphia Merchants and M"" James Lyne of New^ 
Brunswick a certain Richard B )rden of Ancocus C^reek 
Apply VI to the said John Coxe Esq' (being then one of 
his Counsel in a Cause depending in the High Court of 
Chancery of New Jersey before his Excellency Jona- 
than Belcher Esq' Governourof New Jersey and Chan- 
cellor in the same Province between the said Richard 
Borden and a certain Richard Stoute lately deceased) 
that an End might be })ut to the said Suite ft»r that it 
had depended long enough or Words to that Effect to 
which the said John Coxe Answer'd that he cou'd be 
of no further Service to him in that matter he was no 
Courtier had no Interest at Court the Governour (his 
Excellency aforesaid meaning) and he had had a Quar- 
rel And he the said John Coxe (himself meaning) did 
not expect com' on Justice at his Hands and bid him goc 
and tell the Governour so several times over n-Jiich tlie 
said Richard Borden seeming reluctant to doe, sai/inr/ 
it did not suit him, the said John Coxe enforced his 
Orders by Sereral strong Expressions that the fact 
uuis true for that lie )ierer u:ou'd appear more before 
his Excellencu as Chancellor, tho' in Council he might 
as being one of the Council for the said Province but 
that he wou'd give the said Richard Borden his Notes 
and Authorities to show to the Governour or speak to 
them himself or get any Body Else /or that he was 
determined never to appear before his Excellency any 
more as Chancellor Joseph Rose 

Sworn the Nineteenth Day of May A D 1750 before 
Me Cha Read 


Ralph Smith of the County of Hunterdon in the 
Province of New Jersey Esq- by directions of his Ex- 
cellency the Governor appeared before Charles Read 
Esq- one of the Justices of the Supream Court of Judi- 
cature for the Province of New Jersey, And Made Oath 
On the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God, that he 
being at the House of Elijah Bond in Trenton In Com- 
pany with John Coxe & Samuel Nevel EsqP and M' 
Theophilus Severns Among Other things it was Said 
that, the Two Men were Burnt in the hand this Court 
wou'd not have Impudence to Appear in the Face of a 
Court after this, to which M^ Coxe Reply'd Why Not 
for that John, or Hones Anderson had been Guilty of 
a Crime as bad as that: And he Frequently Did it 
that the Governour was Going to Appoint the Brother 
of the said John Anderson Sheriff of the County of 
Hunterdon And added : But Let him Do it, if he 
Dared: that if he Did he ShoiCd Repent it: That the 
Governour ivas no More then an Old woman: That he 
wou'd warrant it he Shoidd have No Sallery or words 
to this Effect 

That John Smith Esq'- of Amboy was one of this 
Company In the Beginning of the Evening but this 
Deponent Thinks he went away or was withdrawn 
before this Conversation hapned And Further Saith 

Ralph Smith 

Jur 231 May 175u. 

Coram Cha Read 

Letter from Thomas Cadwalader 


It is neither a fear of M' Coxe's enmity nor a value 
for his friendship, that hindred me from Answering 
your Excellency- Letter which I gave Some reaons to 


expect when I was last at Burlington, I have Consid- 
er'd Such a Step in all it's Several Shapes, And upon 
the most Mature reflection Cannot persuade My Self 
that the world will look upon it in Any other light, 
than a desire of being revenged on him for his many 
Abuses. This is So Contrary to a Christian Spirit as 
your Excellency well knows, that I have been always 
determined to guard Against the least appearances of 
it in every Action of My Life, and therefore wrote to 
M' Secretary Read, that he might lay these My reasons 
before your Excellency, and at the same time my 
desire to be excused But finding by M' Secretary's last 
letter that you Still exjiect my Coming to Burlington, 
am Constrain'd to request of your Excellency to be dis- 
penc'd with, in this Affair for the reason above men- 
tioned and this I have the more encouragment to ex- 
pect from your Excellency; Since My Narrative Can 
Oiihj be a Coiifiriiiatio)/ of ivhat others have fnJly de- 
dared, wliose Credit wants no Corroborcdioii And the 
Clou'd of Indifferent Witnesses to be had renders it 
(juite unnecessary. Especially when the Addition of 
My Single testimony wou'd be i)urchased at so dear a 
price as the peace of my own mind I have only to 
pray, your Excellency may be Assured that want of 
regard to your honour has no place in this refusal of 
mine, and that no person has a greater Iiidiijuatiou at 
i'le treat nie^d your ExcelJencjj has met irifJi from Iiiiii, 
leliosc Lisotei/ee has Obliged yon, out of regard to the 
dignity of your Station, to make him the Subject of 
you}- Enquiry- 

1 am with all Duty & Esteem 
Your Excellency's 

Most Obedient Humble Servant 

Trenton May 20: 1750 Tnof Cadwalader 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq"" 

Commander in Cliief of the province of New Jersey 


[Letter from Theo? Severns] 

Trenton Tuesday May 29*^;^ 1750 

As your Excellency has Requested of Me to recollect 
the particulars of a Conversation at Trenton Wherein 
your Character was Concerned When I was in Com- 
pany with M' John Coxe, Judge Nevill, Ralph Smith 
and Others — 

It is with the Greatest Reluctance that I Engage in 
an Affair So Disagreeable Nothing Less than your 
Excellency's Honour in Your publick Station Wou'd 
Induce me to Comply with it. 

M' Enoch Anderson was Mentioned in the C^ourse of 
the Conversation as a pers