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Full text of "Documents relating to the colonial history of the state of New Jersey, [1631-1776]"

I v1 



A^Ti C H I VE S 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY 



FIKST SERIES 
Vol. VIII. 



This volume was compiled and edited by authority 
of the State of New Jersey; at the request of the 
New Jersey Historical Society, and under the direc- 
tion of the following committee : 

Nathaniel Niles, Chhi, 
Marcus L. Ward, 
Joel Parker, 
W. A. Whitehead. 



DOCUMENTS 



RELATING TO THE 



COLONIAL HISTORY 



OF THE 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY, 



EDITED BY 



WILLIAM A. WHITEHEAD, 

Corresponding Secretary of the New Jersey Historical Society ; Author of 
East Jersey Under the Proprietary Governments ; Contributions 
to the Early History of Perth Amboy and the Surround- 
ing Country ; Editor of the Papers of Lewis Mor- 
lis, and of an Analytical Index to the 
Colonial Documents of New 
Jersey, etc, etc. 



^^OLUME VIII. 

COMPLETING THE ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEBNOB 
JONATHAN BELCHEB. 



1751-1757. 



NEWARK, N. J. : 

DAILY ADVERTISER PRINTING HOUSS. 

1885. 






5 1904 
D. ofO, 



SOtJKCES 

WHENCE THE DOCUMENTS IN THIS VOLUME WERE OBTAINED. 



Public Record Office, London, England. 

Copies of Manuscrij)ts of Governor Jonailian Belcher, in the 

Neiv Jersey Historical Society Library. 
Manuscripts of the New Jersey Historical Society. 
Papers of Ferdinand John Paris, in Neio Jersey Historical 

Society Library. 
Mamiscripts of William A. Whitehead. 
Papers of Robert Hunter Morris, in Library of New Jersey 

Historical Society. 
Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of 

New Yorlc. 
New York Colonial Documents in the office of the Secretary 

of State, at Albany. 



CONTENTS. 



PART I. 

FAOB. 

1751 — Memorial responsive to the representations made by 

those concenied in the disturbances in New Jersey.. 1 

" Dec. 12. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — relating to Lewis M. Ashfield, David Ogden, 
etc. 1 

" " 18. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Benjamin Frank- 
lin — about an electrical apparatus - - 7 

" " 18. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lord Halifax in 

relation to the objections to the appointment of Mr. 

Ashfield to be one of the Council 8 

1752— Jan. 18. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Brattle — 
about the non-success of his electrical cure — Mr. 
Pemberton not going to England in the interest of 
the new College 9 

" " 21. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel John 

Alford — about the prospects of the College _ 10 

" '• 21. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Walley, re- 
ferring to the deficiency in the Treasury; the new 
College, etc - 11 

" '' 28. — Message from Governor Belcher to the Legisla- 
ture 12 

" '• 30. — Letter from Kobcrt Hunter Morris, Chief Justice 
of New Jersey, to the Lords of Trade — rt4ating to 
the constitution of the Council of the Province 13 

" Feb. 4. — Memoi'ial of Richard Partridge, agent for New Jer- 
sey, to the Loi'ds of Trade — relative to the state of 
the Council of that Province 18 

" " 12. — Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and 
Assembly of New Jersey — on the passage of a bill 
for the support of government 31 

" " 14. — Letter from Governor Belcher to his nephew, Mr. 
Foye — about the character of the Legislature which 
has just adjourned 22 

" March 11. — Order in Council for the improved government of 

the Colonies 23 



VI CONTENTS. 

PAGE. 
1752 — Mar. 12. — Additional Instructions to the Colonial Governors 
relative to the revision and transmission of their 
laws 37 

«« '<■ 12.— Eeport of the Lords of Trade to the Lords of the 

Privy Council — relating to the improper publication 
in Xew Jersey of an order to their Lordships, and to 
some proceedings of the Assembly of that Pro\ince. 28 

" '* 20.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. William 
Morris — about the establishment of a library at 
Trenton 32 

" " 30. — Letter from the Earl of Holderness to the Lords of 
Ti-ade — enclosing Order of Council of March 11th, 
1752.... 32 

" April 8. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Par- 
tridge — Mr. Ashfield acquitted 36 

" " 11. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Andrew Johnston, 
one of the Council, and Samuel Nevill, Judge of the 
Supreme Court — relating to the imprisonment of 
Simon Wyckoff... 37 

" " 14. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Judge Nevill — 

about the riot at Perth Amboy 38 

" " 14. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary 

Read — about riot at Perth Amboy 89 

'* " 17. — Letter from .Judge Samuel Nevill to Governor 
Belcher — informing him of the result of the trial of 
Lewis Morris Ashfield 40 

" " 24. — Minutes of a Council held at Elizabethtown, April 
24th, 1752, in connection with the riot at Perth Am- 
boy on the 13th April — with several other papers re- 
ferring to the same event 43 

" May 1. — Extract from a letter of Governor Belcher to the 

Lords of Trade, referring to the riot at Pertli Amboy 52 

" " I. — Extract from letter of Governor Belcher to Rich- 
ard Partridge, about the riot at Perth Amboy 52 

" " 7. — Order of the Lords of the Committee of Council 

for Plantation Affairs, referring to the Lords of Trade 
a report of His Majesty's Attorney and Solicitor- 
General, about the riotous proceedings in New Jersey 53 

" " 19. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade 

— about proceedings of Council. 60 

" " 20. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge 

—about Provincial matters 61 

" June 3. — Circular letter from the Lords of Trade to the Gov- 
ernors in America, recommending strict adlierence to 
their instructioDS 63 



CONTENTS. Vll 

PAGE. 
1752 — June 9. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 

Trade — transmitting the accounts of various officers. 65 

" " 23. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Rev. George 

Whitefleld, England — upon religious topics 84 

" " 24. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Countess 

Dowager of Huntington — inclosed in the foregoing. . 87 

" " 30. — Letter from Governor Belcher to President Burr — 

complimenting him on his marriage 89 

" July 23. — Report of the Lords of the Committee of Council — 
upon the draft of commission for inquiring into the 
grievances in New Jersey 90 

'• " 26. — Letter from Governor Clinton, of New York, to 
Robert Hunter Morris, in England — leave of absence 
desired -.. 92 

" Aug. 3. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Shippen, of 
Philadelphia — about sending an agent to England to 
solicit aid for the College 94 

" " 5. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lord Chancellor 

Hardwicke — about orders from the King, etc. . 95 

" " 5. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Earl Granville — 

asking for continued confidence -. -. 97 

" " 6. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lord Halifax — 

about the affairs of the Province 99 

" " 11. — Message of Governor Belcher to the Council of New 
Jersey — relating to the admission of Lewis M. Ash- 
field as a member of that body 101 

" " 13. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — urging the transmission of orders from the 
King, for the preservation of good order in the 
Province _._ 102 

" " 10,11. — Minutes of the Council of New Jersey — enclosed 

in the foregoing letter 103 

" " 19. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Messrs. Belcher 
and Foye, Massachusetts, about the promotion of 
manufactures 108 

" " 24. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Alford, 
of Boston, thanking him for a subscription to the 
College — the manufacture of glass, etc 109 

" Sept. 15. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade 
— relative to his not admitting Lewis Morris Ashfield 
to a seat in the Council Ill 

" " 15.— Notes of Mr. Warrell, the King's Attorney-General 

— upon the Trial of Mr. Lewis Morris Ashfield 112 

" Oct. 16. — Lstter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — in reference to the suggested revision of the 
Laws 11 



Vlll CONTENTS. 

PA.GE. 
1752 — Nov. 24. — Letter from John Ayscough, Secretary to Governor 
Clinton, to Robei-t Hunter Morris, about Provincial 
affairs... __. 116 

" Dec. 25. — An account of the quantity of Pig and Bar Iron 
imported into England from the Colonies, from 

Christmas, 1749, to Christmas, 1752 118 

1753— Jan. 17-19.— Letter from Governor Clinton, of New York, to 
Robert Hunter Morris— referring to Chief-Justice De 
Lancey, Mr. Chambers and others 120 

" " 18. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor 
Belcher — disapproving of his course towards Mr. 
Ashfield 124 

" Feb. 32. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 

Trade — about proceedings of the Legislature 125 

May 28. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — had admitted Mr. Ashfield to the Council, 
although not in accordance with his Sixth Instruc- 
tion, a copy of which he incloses 126 

'* June 7. — Opinion of the Lords of Trade on the Bounda- 

lies between New York and New Jersey 128 

" " 13. — Letter from Robert Charles, Agent for New York, 

to Governor Clinton — about the boundaries between 

New York and New Jersey ._ - 135 

" — . — Argument that the forks of the Delaware are the 

true limits of New Jersey on the north 139 

" " 25. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Belcher 
— desiring him to give all possible assistance to the 
Missionaries for propagating the Gospel in New 
Jersey 140 

" July — . — Question answered referring to the boundai'ies be- 
tween New York and New Jersey - 141 

■' " — . — Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King, 
relative to the repeal of an act passed in 1747-8, for 
running a partition line between New York and New 
Jersey -. -.. - 144 

" Aug. 8. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — transmitting several documents connected 
with the meeting of the Legislature of New Jersey in 
May and June, and commenting on the state of the 
Province 151 

" " 18. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to Robert Hunter 

Morris — complaining of being left without assistance 
in securing the approval of an Act i-elative to the 

boundary between New York and New Jersey 152 

" Sept. 18. — Circular letter from the Lords of Trade to the Gov- 



CONTENTS. IX 

PAGE. 

ernors in America — relative to a proposed interview 
with the Six Nations of Indians. 156 

1753— Sept. 11.— Letter from Robert Hunter Morris to Ferdinand 

John Paris — in answer to his of August 18tli .. . 157 

" " — . — Petition of the Proprietors of East Jersey to the 
King — asking to be heard against the Representation 
from the Lords of Trade recommending the repeal of 
the Boundary Act of 1747.. .-.. 160 

" " 24. — Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to Robert 

Hunter Morris, in answer to his of September 11th.. 183 
Nov. 2. — Petition of the House of Representatives of New 
Jersey to the King — asking that the Governor may be 
permitted to give his assent to a Bill making current 
£60,000 in Bills of Credit 183 

" " 10. — Letter from Mr. Secretary Read to Robert Hunter 

Morris, Chief -Justice of New Jei'sey 186 

" Dec. 5. — Report of the Lords of Trade to the Committee of 
CouncU for Plantation Affairs, with a draft of in- 
structions to the Governors, relative to affairs in the 
Plantations in cases of Error 188 

" " 28. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — relative to disputes between the people of 
New York and New Jersey for want of a dividing 
Une 190 

•' '• 24. — Letter from Lieutenant-Governor De Lancey, of 
New York, to the Lords of Trade — about the diffi- 
culties with New Jersey. 193 

1754— Jan. 6. — Copy of the King's 95th and 96th Instructions to 

the late Governor Sir Dan vers Osborne 194 

" Mar. 18.— Rejiort from the Lords of Trade to the Lords Com- 
mittee of the Privy Council for Plantation Affairs- — 
recommending the King to grant leave to tlie Gover- 
nor of New Jersey to give his assent to the BiU au- 
thorizing the issue of £60,000 Bills of Credit, asked 
for by petition November 3, 1753 196 

" " 28. — Bond of Indemnification by Council of Pi-oprietors 

of East Jersey to WiUiam Alexander and John Smyth 200 

" " 31. — Memorial of the Council of the Proprietors of the 

Eastern Division of New Jersey to Governor Belcher, 
and other documents received by the Lords of Trade 
from Robert Hunter Morris, with his letter bearing 

this date - 303 

May 15. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade, transmittmg the proceedings of the Council 
and Assembly 387 



t COKTENTS. 

PAGE. 
1754 — May 21. — Letter from Lieutenant-Governor De Lancey, of 
New York, to the Lords of Trade — about division line 
between that Province and New Jersey 288 

*' July 5. — Letter from Sir Thomas Robinson, Secretary of 
State, to Governor Belcher — in relation to the action 
of the New Jersey Legislature to resist the hostile 
attempts of the French on the Ohio - . - 292 

" " 5. — Resignation of Joseph Warrell, Attorney-General 
of New Jersey, and recommending Coui'tland Skinner 
as his successor 293 

" " 5. —Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Belcher 
— commenting upon the action of the Legislature in 
not providing resources for the common defence 
against the French... 294 

" " 5. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor DeLancey — about the boundary between New 
York 297 

" " 25. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Part- 
ridge — requesting his assistance to secure the con- 
firmation of Courtland Skinner as Attorney-General 
of New Jersey 298 

" " 29. — AflSdavit of Thomas Deckay, relative to laying out 

a highway through Minisink - 299 



PART II. 



1754 — Aug. 9. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Sir Thomas 
Robinson, Secretary of State— with a plan of general 
concert and mutual defence to be entered into by the 
Colonies in America - 1 

" " 23. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Schuyler, 
informing him that the Assembly voted £15,000 for 
the support of his regiment 11 

" '• 14. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — transmitting some public papers, and in- 
forming them of the choice of a new Assembly and 
his expectations therefrom 12 

" *' 21. — Affidavit of Samuel Finch, of Minisink^com- 
plaining of his having been taken prisoner by a war- 
rant from a New Jersey Justice 13 

" " IT. — Petition from the House of Representatives of New 



CONTENTS. 



1754^0ct. 



Nov. 



Dec. 



1755— Jan 



PAGE. 

Jersey to the King— relative to the Bill for making 
current £70,000 in bills of credit 14 

26.— Circular letter to the Governors in America from 
Sir Thomas Robhison, Secretary of State— urging 

enlistments in four new Regiments to be raised 17 

29.— Report of the Committee of the Assembly of the 

State of New York on border disturbances . . . . . 30 

5.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir Thomas Rob- 
inson, Secretary of State— unsatisfactoiy proceedings 
of the Assembly, without manifesting a more dutiful 

disposition than the previous one 34 

6.— Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade— relative to the action of the New Jersey Leg- 
islature upon various subjects— the boundary diffi- 
culties with New York, etc 26 

8.— Extract from the Minutes of the New York As- 
sembly—referring to the Report of 29th October 28 

12.— Orders for settling the rank of the Officers of his 
Majesty's forces, when joined, or serving with the 

Provincial forces in North America - 39 

33.— Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade, transmitting papers relative to the boundary 

question between New York and New Jersey 30 

26.— Bill making current £70,000 in Bills of Credit, 
transmitted to the Lords of Trade by Governor 

Belcher ^^ 

26.— Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade, transmitting some public papers, and request- 
ing action relative to the boundary questions with 

New York...- - ''^ 

15.— Letter from Lieutenant-Governor DeLancey, of 
New York, to the Lords of Trade— referring to the 

boundary question with New Jersey 74 

17.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir Thomas Rob- 
inson, Secretary of State— about affairs of the Prov- 

76 
mce 

28.— Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade, with answers to certain queries relating to 
present state and condition of New Jersey 78 

—.—Opinion of Counsellor Belcher, as to Bills of 

Credit being made Legal Tender in New Jersey 87 

3.— Letter from James Alexander to Ferdinand John 
Paris— relating to the action of the Council of New 
York on questions affecting the boundary line, etc. . 89 

23.— Circular letter from Secretary of State Sir Thomas 



XII OONtENTB. 

PAGE. 

llohiitsDii, Uy ll)t< (JovcnioiM in Amorictv — notifyiuj^ 
IIk'iii (>r tlut Iviiig's iulontion to augnienl tho Regi- 

iiioiil.s ill Aiiu<rica 93 

17(55— Kol). 'J(l-37. — Mossiigo of (Jov(M-ii()r Holclior to Uio Now Jersey 

Assembly, and tin* IVtitioiioJ' (lio Assembly lliereoii. 93 
Mamh 17. — Memorial of Hieluml I'artiidgo to llio Lords of 
'Prtide. rcliiliiit( (o I he New .lorsoy IJill for Kiiiitiin^ 

Uid.OOOiii Hills o( Credit., oto i'-'j 

" " 19. l\'e|)ieH(>i\tal.iou I'rom (lie Ijords of 'I'rade to tho 

Kiiii;-, ii|um the l't<titiou of tho Jloiiso of Assembly 

of Now Jersey 100 

" • April 13J. — Iveprosenlalion from tho Lords of Trade to tlio 
Kiiii:^ — ro(H)mmondiiig Thomas Powmill, Esq., for 

liioiilenaiit-Uovernor of New Jersey lOU 

"J8. — Lottor from lloveriior liolehor to tho Lords of 

Trade — iraiismittiiit;' several publio documents 103 

" ■' 30. — liottor from Uovonior Heloher to Sir Thomas 

Uobiiison, Secretary of Slatt> — iiiformiiii,' him of the 

action tiiken npon sovornl letters received I'rom him. 105 

" May 13. — Uraftof the ('oInmis^ion of 'IMiomas I'owimll, Ksij., 

as Ijieutonant-tiovernor of New Jersey, transmitied 

to the I joitls Justices liv llu' Lords of Trade 100 

" June I'J. — Tho Lonls of Trade to the I iords J usticos — relating 
to tho boundary lino b(>t\vecn Now York and Now 

Jei-soy 108 

vO.— Lottor irom Governor Shirley, of Massachusetts, 

to Secretary Sir Thomas i{obinson — the olTci't of an 

ap|>lication by him to the licnishituro of New .lersey. Ill 

" 'J7. — Letter from (lovornor IVIchor to the Lords of 

Tiiido, transmit ling several documents and a letter 

from Captain Hradslivot. 113 

34. — l*i\)coodings of tho Itoyal I'rivy Council — roconi- 
monding tho roponl of the Act submitting the boiin- 
dary disi)utos »»f New York and New .lorsoy to the 

tinal determination of tho King . 114 

" July 0. — Letter from (Jovortuu- Molcher to Lioutenant-(^ov- 

enuu' Morris, of Pennsylvania — Indiiin alTnirs .. 110 

9. — Lottor from (Jovornor Holcher to Uonoral Miiulilock 117 
19. — Letter from Uovornor Belcher to Mr. Secretary 
Rend, of Now Joi-sey — relating to the reported defeal 

of the army umlor ticiu>ral Bradilock _ 117 

31. — Letter fivm Governor Belcher to Mr. Pownnll — 
congratulating him on his appointment tobe liieuten- 
ant-Govornor of New Jersey — subsoi]\iont intelligence 
from Genernl Hratldock's army less gloomy 118 



CONTENTS. Xlll 

PAGE. 
1755— Aug. 1.— Messaf!:c from Governor Belcher to the Council and 

Assembly of New Jersey 119 

«< " 0. — Let tcr from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor Dinwiddle— about military proceedings 132 

" " 6.— Letter from the Lords of Trafle to Governor 

Belcher— in answer to several received from him 124 

<' " 8.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary 

John liead— desiring hini to adjourn the Council and 
Assembly and call them again to meet him at Eliza- 

bethlown ^ -^ - 120 

•* " 8. — Let.tcr from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Gov- 

ernor Dc Laiiccy, of New York— about laws to enforce 

embargoes 127 

" " 9. — Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and 

General Assembly of New Jersey - 128 

• t »< 12.— Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Sir 

Charles Hardy, of New York — recommending the ap- 
pointment of {!onimissioncrs to arrange the boundary 

diniciUties with New Jersey 129 

•« «< 21. — Letter fron\ Gouernor Belcher to his nephew, Mr. 

Oliver — about, the condition of the forces on the 

frontier... -- 181 

.« " 2U. — Representation from the Lords of Trade to the 

Lords Justices — with an account of the number of 

white inhabitants in the Colonies _ 132 

" Sept. ;5.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir John St. Clair 
— upon the necessity of driving the French from 

America - l*^'^ 

" " 7. — Letter from Thomas Pownall, Esq., Lieutenant- 

Governor of New Jersey to the Lords of Trade — ex- 
pressing his obligation on being nominated by 

their Lordships for that office 134 

" " 17. — Letter from Governor Belchci- to Richard Part- 
ridge — about the appointment of a Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor 135 

" " 17.— Ijotter from Governor Belcher to Sir Thomas Rob- 

inson, Secretary of State— about raising additional 

troops - 13 J 

" " 18. -Letter from the Lords of Trade to Sir Thomas 

Robinson, Secretary of State— recommending the 
establishing of packet-boats between England and 

the Colonies. - — - 138 

•' " 19.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Pownall— 
congratulating him on being appointed Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of New Jersev 139 



XIV 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 
1755 — Sept. 27.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Yard, one of 
the Commissioners for procuring supplies for the 
troops 140 

" Oct. 1. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Hardy, 
of New York — thanking him for information respect- 
ing the expedition against the French 141 

" " 2. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Hardy, 

drawing his attention, at the request of the Council, 
to the long-pending controversy respecting the 

boundary line l)etween the two Provinces 142 

" " 14. — Letter from Governor Belcher to James Alexander, 

New York — referring to the boundary question and 
the taking off the prohibition against the exportation 

of provisions 142 

'* " 16. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Gov- 

ernor Dinwiddie, of Pennsylvania — in relation to the 

movement of troops, etc 143 

'* " 21. — Letter from the Post Master General to the Lords 

of Trade — informing them of the establishment of 

regular monthly Packets to the Colonies — 144 

" Nov. 3.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Rev. George 
Whitefield — informing him of the erection of Nassau 

Hall, etc 146 

4, — Letter from the Lords of Trade to the Governors 
of the Colonies in America — relative to establishment 

of packet-boats 146 

4. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir Thomas Rob- 
inson, Secretary of State — about military affairs 148 

5. — Accounts of the Treasurer of West Jersey from 

15th April, 1754, to the 5th November, 1755 150 

6. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Allen — 

the enemy threatening to invade the Province 156 

6. --Proclamation of Governor Belcher to the several 
Colonels of Militia Regiments, directing them to 

muster their troops - . . - 157 

6. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Morris, 
of Pennsylvania — referring to the threatened ap- 
proach of the French and Indians Iti that Province.. 158 
10. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor Pownall — about the movement of troops . . 160 

10. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Mon-is, 
of Pennsylvania — about the condition of military 

affairs 161 

13. — Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and 
Assembly of New Jersey 162 



CONTElirTS. XV 

PAGE. 

1755 — Nov. 13. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor Morris of Pennsylvania 165 

" 17. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Rev. Aaron Burr, 

President of the College 166 

*' 20. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Hop- 
kins — relating to a Convention of Commissioners 
from the several Colonies to be held in New York. .167 

*' 20. — Letter from Governor Belcher to General Shirley 

— about military affairs ._ 168 

" 21. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor Pownall — requesting him to attend the Con- 
vention to be held in New York 170 

" 21. — Account of the Treasurer of East New Jersey from 

June 21st, 1754, to November 21st, 1755 171 

" 25. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor Dinwiddle — relating to military operations 172 

" 26. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Colonels of 
Regiments in New Jersey — directing them to muster 
their trooj^s and march to the Delaware river 174 

" 27. — Letter from Governor Belcher to his nephew, P. 

Oliver _ 175 

" 28. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Ander- 

derson — relating to military requirements 176 

" 28. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel .Johnston 
and other Colonels — directing them, without delay, 
to caiTy out his previous order, and recommending 
Captain William Skinner 178 

" 29. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Joseph 

Tuttle — relating to the defence of the frontiers 179 

'* 30. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Schuyler 

— about marching to Minisink 180 

Dec. 1. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Morris 

of Pennsylvania — about military movements 180 

" 3. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary 
Read, directing him to call a meeting of the As- 
sembly 181 

" 3. — Order from Governor Belcher to the Colonels of 
New Jersey Regiments, relating to the defence of 
Morris and Sussex Counties 182 

" 4. — Letter from Govei'nor Belcher to General Shirley — 

referring to the Councils held at Oswego 182 

" 4. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir Charles Hardy, 
Governor of New York — about the Division Line and 
building of block houses 183 

" 5. — Queries from the Lords of Trade to Governor 



xn CONTENTS. 

PAGE. 
Belcher and his answers thereto — relating to the 

state of defence in New Jersey 185 

1755 — Dec. 6. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 

Trade about New Jersey affairs — Division Line, etc. 187 
" 8. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lord Hardwicke — 

about the necessity for capturing Canada 188 

" " 10. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Part- 
ridge, London — appointment of William Aisleby 
[Aynsley] as Chief- Justice of the Province, etc 190 

" " 12. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary 
Read — about the imprisonment of some Pennsylva- 
nia Indians 191 

" " 16. — Message of Governor Belcher to the Legislature of 

New Jersey, December 16th, 1755 193 

" " 17. — Letter from Governor Belcher to General Shirley. 194 

" " 18. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Walley, re- 
ferring to Rev. Mr. Whitefield 195 

" " 19. — Letter from Governor Belcher to his son Andrew. 196 

" " 20. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Part- 
ridge, the Assembly then in session 197 

" " 20. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Consul Dean — 

about the progress of the College, etc 197 

" " 20. — Message from Governor Belcher to the House of 
Assembly — communicating a letter from General 
Shirley 198 

" '• 23. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Lord Halifax — 

concerning Attorney-General Skinner 200 

" " 28. — Message from Governor Belcher to the House of As- 

sembly — asking for an augmentation to the forces 

of the Province _ 201 

•' 26. — Letter from Governor Belcher to General Shii-ley — 
commenting upon the events of the last compaign, 

etc. - 203 

1756 — Feb. 5. — Letter from Secretary Ilardinge to the Lords of Trade 
— relative to the proper division to be made of a cer- 
tain appropriation of Parliament 205 

" '• 17. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor 
Belcher — commending the services rendered by New 
Jersey in defending the country 206 

•' " 23. — Letter from Governor Hardy to the Lords of Trade 
— about the questions of boundary between New 
York and New Jersey 207 

" March 13. — Draft of Circular from the Hon. H. Pox, Secretary 
of State, to the Governors of the Colonies — relative 
to the assistance to be rendered bv them to the Earl 



coiirTEiirTS. xvii 

PAGE. 

of Loudon, who had been appointed Commander-in- 
Chief of the North American forces 209 

1756 — April 13. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Hardy 
— relative to the appointment of a Commission for 
settling controversies between New York and New 
Jersey and Massachusetts _ 212 

'* " 23. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — inforramg them of the death of James 'Alex- 
ander, Esq., one of the Council, and recommending 
his son, William Alexander, Esq., as his successor.. 214 
■ " May 11. — Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor 
Belcher — directing him in case of liis inability to at- 
tend any meetings of the Governors appointed by the 
Earl of Loudon, to depute Lieutenant-Governor 
' Pownall to act in his stead 215 

" " 11. — Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King, 

on the state of defence of the different Colonies 216 

" June 15. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — expressing his gratification that the course of 
New Jersey is approved 219 

" " 16. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary 
Fox — commenting on recent proceedings of the 
Government 220 

" Aug. 21. — The account of Andrew Johnston, Treasurer of 
East New Jersey, of his receipts and payments from 
November 21st," 1755, to 21st of August, 1756 223 

" Sept. 1. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — relative to the disputed line between New 
York and New Jersey, and enclosing a petition of the 
Proprietors of Bast Jersey 224 

" Oct. 11. — Account of Samuel Smith, Treasurer for West 
New Jersey, of receipts and payments from Nov. 
8th, 1755, to Oct. 11th, 1756 228 

'• Nov. 19.— Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — recommending Samuel Woodruff for the 
Council to fill a vacancy caused by the death of John 

Rodman 236 

1757 — Jan. 13. — Proclamation of Governor Belcher — relating to 

the exportation of provisions 237 

" Feb. 4. — Circular Letter from Secretary W. Pitt to the Gov- 
ernors of the Northern Provinces in America, urging 
the raising of additional troops 241 

" " 9. — Memorandimi received by William Alexander from 

Ferdinand John Paris, as to the character of the 



Xviii CONTENTS. 

PAGE. 
Commissioners to determine the boundaries between 

New York and New Jersey 243 

1757— Feb. 13.— Letter from William Alexander to Robert Hunter 
Morris — relating to the boundary diflBculties between 
New York and New Jersey 243 

" " 17. — Representation from the Lords of Trade to the 
King, with a warrant appointing William Aynsley, 
Esq., Chief Justice of New Jersey 247 

" May 3.— Letter from tlie Earl of Holdernesse, Secretary of 
State, to the Earl of Loudon — removing the em- 
bargo upon corn ....- 248 

«' " 11.— Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary 
Pitt — had summoned the Council and Assembly to 
meet as soon as possible in order to ean-y out the 
King's views 249 

" " 16. — Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary 
Pitt — had been informed of the appointment of Rear 
Admiral Eolburn to command the fleet in American 
waters 251 

" " — . — Letter from Captain William Skinner in London, 
to his father, the Rev. William Skinner, of Perth 
Amboy - 252 

'• July 26. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Earl of Hold- 
ernesse — in relation to the embargo on grain and the 
imprisonment of two Captains of Privateers 354 

«< «« 26. — Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of 
Trade — relating to the disputed boundary between 
New York and New Jersey ..- 256 

" Sept. 2. — Letter from Mr. Secretary Read to Lieutenant- 
Governor Pownall — informing him of the death of 
Governor Belcher 257 

" " 7.— Letter from Robert Hunter Morris to the Eail of 
Loudon — informing him of the death of Governor 
Belcher, and of the objections of John Reading, 
President of the Council, to assiune the chief au- 
thority 250 

" " 10. — Letter from John Reading, President of the Coun- 
cil, to Governor Pownall — reasons why he objected 
to assuming the Government on the death of Gover- 
nor Belcher - - 260 

" " 22. — Letter from Thomas Pownall, Tneutenant-Gover- 
nor of New Jersey, to John Reading, President of 
the CouncQ, in relation to his having refused to as- 
sume the chief authority in his absence 261 



CONTENTS. XIX 

PAGE. 
1757 — July 22. — Letter from John Reading, President of the Coun- 
cil, to Governor Pownall, in answer to the foregoing 262 

" " 26. — Letter from Courtland Skinner, Attorney-General, 

to Governor Pownall — with answers to queries sub- 
mitted to him by the Council, relative to the au- 
thority of John Reading as President of that body.. 264 

" " 26. — Letter from Lieutenant-Governor Pownall to the 
Lords of Trade, giving an account of his proceedings 
on the death of Governor Belcher 266 



NEW JERSEY 

COLONIAL DOCUMENTS. 



Memorial responsive to the representations made by 
those coucernerf in the disturbances in New Jersey. 

[B>om Papers of Robei-t Huuter Morris in N. J. Hist. Lib.. Vol. I, No. 84.J 

New Jersey. 

[1Y51] 
FEOM September 1745 that Province has been under 
the greatest Disorders, and the Infection spreading 
and gathering Strength, in a Country, w^here, as the 
Lords of Trade have reported, ' ' The People are, in a 
"particular Manner, by Principle, averse to hingly Gov- 
<■'- erninent, and have, always, taken ei^er^ Opportunity 
"of trampling upon the Authority of the Crown.'" 

THE State of that Province is thus reported, by the 
Lords of Trade; " His Majesty's Province of New Jer- 
' sey is, at present, in open Bebellion ; and, unless 
' some speedy, and effectual Measures are soon taken, 
'his Majesty's Government, Laivs, and Authority, 
'not only in this, but in the neighbouring Provinces, 
'whose Inhabitants, for the most part, are but too 
'well inclined to receive the Infection, will, in all 
'Probability, be absohdely destroyed.^' 

AND, again, a second Time; " This Province is in a 
'State of entire Disobedience to cdl Authority of 
' Government and Law, attended with Circumstances 
' which manifest a Disposition to revolt from their De- 
' pendance on the Crown of Great Britain," 
2 



.2 ADMIJflSTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1751 

THE Pretences, for the Rebellion on foot there, are, 
That the Right to the Soil of that Province is in the 
native Indians, and Persons claiming under them, and 
not in the Crown or its Grantees; that the Grants of 
the same, made by the Crown, are fraudulent and 
void, and that no Title is good, but that from the In- 
dians ; thus unhinging all Property there, denying the 
Rights and Prerogatives of the Crown, and setting up 
the Indians Right, in Opposition thereto. 

THIS was a Doctrine broached, near fourscore Years 
ago, and at that time fully exploded, but now again 
revived, for the worst of Purposes; It is, in its own 
Nature, big with every Mischief to the King, and to 
the Subject: It overthrows all Government, Justice, 
and Property; and is more particularly dangerous, at 
this Time, when the natural Enemy so diligently 
watches for, and improves, every Incident, how min- 
ute soever, to inflame the Minds and poison the Affec- 
tions of the Indians against the British Nation. 

UNDER this Pretence, the Mob, great Part of whom 
have no Title or Property at all, either under the 
Crown, or the Indians, but are meer Freebooters, by 
Force and A^iolence, and in great Numbers, of several 
Hundreds of Persons, in Arms, enter upon, plunder 
and dispossess, whom they please, appoint Captains 
and military Officers, form themselves into Companies 
and Committees, levy and raise Taxes, burn, plunder, 
and destroy any Person's Property; and, as fast as 
any of them are sued, or taken up, for the same, break 
open the Gaols (which they have done a great Number 
of Times) take out the Prisoners in Triumph (even 
such as stand charged with Itigti Treason) wound and 
abuse the King's Officers, and set all Government en- 
tirely at Defiance. 

THIS could not have been done, but that the .4.s- 
semhlies there, have favoured these Rioters, for, aftei- 
repeated Applications to them, time after time, to 
strengthen the Hands of his Majesty's Government, 



1751] ADMINISTRATION^ OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 3 

and after laying before them the fullest Proofs of these 
continued Outrages, and the strongest Representa- 
tions of the apparent, dangerous Consequences of the 
same, they have constantly refused any Assistance, 
and resolved, that they could not (in that wealthy 
Province) raise Money, even to guard the Goals, that 
some of the Rebels might he secured and brought to 
Justice, and Peace and Property be thereby restored. 

IN Decemhi'V 174s the Members of his Majesty's 
Council in New Je rsey and also the Council of Propri- 
etors there, thought it their indii-ipensible Duty, to 
represent these Matters, by an humble Address, and a 
Petition, to his Majesty; and the Matter was referred 
to the Lords of Trade, who carefully examined into 
the same, and had prepared a fall Report and Repre- 
sentation of the Affair. 

THE Rioters, and those who acted for them here, 
well kiieir that the same was under such Examina- 
tion, by his Majesty's Command, and therefore, con- 
trived a Scheiiie to prevent, or d/iuf/, that Enquiry, 
and any Remedy in Consequence thereof. 

FOR that Purpose, the New Jersey Assembly, on 
19th October, 1749, framed, and drew up a Petition, 
directed to his Majesty: the first Use they made 
thereof was, to print that Petition, at full length, and 
publish it, in their Votes, of that same Day, in order 
to keep up the Spirits of the Mob, by shewing that 
they patronised their Proceedings; and, when that end 
had beeii answered there, then, more than two Months 
after the Petition had been printed, it was sent for 
England, to be presented at a proper Time ; it arrived 
here in January 1749; but was not ^/ie/i presented, for 
the Lords of Trade's Report had not then been fully 
settled; at length, in April 1750, when the Report was 
fully prepared, and transciibed for signing, then, the 
Assembly's Petition was lodged in the Council-Office, 
and was, soon after, referred to the Lords of Trade. 



4 AD.M1N1STKATH)N OK (4UV KJiXOK HELCHE]{. [1?51 

THE Lords of Trade thereupon stopt their Report, 
and immediately took the Assembly's Petition into 
consideration, and called upon the Assembly's Agent 
to make out any one Mattel' alledged in that Petition; 
but he desired to be excused from entering into any 
Discussion of the Merits, alledging that the Assembly's 
Instructions to him, were, not to enter into Proofs, 
but only to present their Petition. 

ON 1st June 1750, the Lords of Trade made a very 
ample, and particular Rejyresentation to the Lords of 
the Committee of Council, of the State of the said 
Province, wherein the Rise and Progress of these 
Riots and Disorders, the Pretence for the same, and his 
Majesty's undoubted Right to the Soil, are most ex- 
actly set forth; and wherein, they summed up the 
whole Matter, and stated the Consequences, in the 
Manner herein beforonentioned ; and proposed several 
Measures to be taken for his Majesty's Service. 

AND that Representation now waits the Consider- 
ation of his Majesty's most honourable Privy-Council. 

THE Rioters, therL found themselves under a Ne- 
cessity of using someof//er Means to prevent, or delay, 
the Justice, so long due to their Offences; 

AND, in hopes thereof, in October 1750, three long 
Petitions from New Jersen, (without any Date to 
them) were lodged in the Council Office, of a most ex- 
traordinary Nature. 

THE first of those Petitions is said to come from 
Newark, and Parts Adjacent, and (in Order to shew 
the NnmlK^rs of th(? Rioters) has above four hundred 
Names put to it; The second Petition is from seven 
Persons, as a Coiinnittee of those same Rioters, repeat- 
ing much the tike Matters; And the third Petition is 
from one single Person, on a Case whicli has no Sort 
of Relation to the present Disturbances. 

IT may be necessary to mnntion, that those Petitions 
come through the Hands of the Assembly\s Agent, who 
had before presented the former Petition from the 



1751] AD^fTXISTRATIOX OF aOVEHXOR HKLCHER. 5 

Assembly : That, although these Petitions were pre- 
sented in October, and referred to the Committee, the 
Beginning of December last, yet, no Application has 
been made, to this Hour, to have the same taken into 
Consideration, or to have any preparatory Order made, 
nor has any Step been taken on the same; That, 
amongst the Ncimes of the Petitoners, j3i(i thereto, 
there appear the Names of the Chief Captain, and of 
all the Heads and Leaders of the Rebellion, and of 
many Persons v7ho stand legally charged with High 
Treason for levying War against his Majesty ; such 
are many of the Persons, who presume thus to Peti- 
tion his Majesty. 

BESIDES which, the Names appear to have been 
wrote on blank, loose Sheets of Paper, now wafered 
together, and it may manifestly appear, on Inspection 
of the original Petition (now on the Council Table) 
that whole Columns of Names thereto, are all wrote, 
by one and the self-same Hand. 

IN their Petition they acknotuledge their Guilt ; but, 
in Excuse, pretend some Grievances, (which always is 
the Pretence, made use of, in every Rebellion, and 
which Grievances, of their own Shewing, come out to 
be no other, than that his Majesty's oppressed Subjects 
fly to the Lcuvs and common ordinary Justice of the 
Country, for relief, against these Invaders); their Pe- 
tition is full of the greatest Untruths, and Indecencies 
[for ivhich Reasons they never applied to have it 
brought on;) they own they did not accept of one Par- 
don, which the Cxovernor gave them; and they pray, 
in one and the same Instant, that his Majesty, will 
give them another Pardon, for their Treasons, and 
will redress their (general) Grievances ; by which, they 
mean, that his Majesty would stop the ordinary Course 
and Administration of Justice, and permit those 
Rebels to introduce their own Power for deciding of 
all Property hj their Club Law. 



6 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCHER. [1751 

AS to their Pretence of Grievances, it may be 
proper to quote the declared Opinion of the ivhole Leg- 
islature in New Jersey, as contained in an Act (men- 
tioned in the Lords of Trade's Eepresentation,) which 
the Assembly past, '"for avoiding Actions of Slander, 
" and for Stai/ of Proceeding in other civil Actions, 
^^ against the late Rioters, viz. 

"WHEREAS, within three Years last past, many 
'■^and great Riots and Disorders have been committed, 
" within tliis Colony, by Multitudes of People, on 
" P/eifewce that they laboured under Grievances and 
" Oppressions, and whereas the several Branches of 
"the Legislature, at their present Session met, and 
"assembled together, heartily disposed to enquire into 
"the said Grievances and Oppressions, and to give Re- 
^^ lief therein, as far as in them lay, upon mature De- 
'^ liberation, do not find but tJie Matters complained of 
"are remediable in his Majesty'' s Courts of Justice, of 
"Law and Equity, which are open to all, and to which 
"the Coinplainers might have Recourse." 

BUT those Petitioners are still so hardy, that in the 
same Petition, whereby they would pray the King's 
Pardon, they iiave the uncommon Boldness to assert, 
and maintain their Right to the Soil under the Indians, 
in Opposition to his Majesty's Rigid. 

IT might reasonably be imagined, from some other 
Expressions in their Petitions, that the Rioters, wlien 
praying for a Pardo)i, would, at least then, desist from 
their forme]- Practices, but no such Matter is by them 
done, or intended; but, very far otherwise, for upon 
the 1st of December, 1750, (which must, of Necessity, 
be three Months, at least, after they had sent Home 
their Petition for a Pardon) the Rioters Collector de- 
manded Payment, from one Tunis Spire, of a Sum of 
Eleven l^)uiids three Shillings, which the Committee of 
the Rioters had assessed upon him; and upon Spire's 
refusing Payment, their Collector told him, that the 
Committee of the Rioters, had agreed, and deiei mined, 



1751] A.DMINISTHATION' OF GOVEKNOR HKLCHEU. 7 

that whoever did not pay their Assessments, should be 
turned out of their possessions, and lose their Lands, 
and which, lie must expect, if he did not pay his Rate. 

BUT, not to enter, more minutely, into the Matter 
of those Petitions, whenever those Petitioners, or their 
Agent, sent over on Purpose, shall think fit to make 
any Application on their said Petitions (but which 
they have not yet done) there is no doubt but his Maj- 
esty's Privy-Council, will then do what shall be proper, 
with Respect to the same. 

BUT, in the mean Time, for the Sake of extinguish- 
ing the present Rebellion in New Jersey, saving the 
Province, and preserving his Majesty's Authority 
there, and the Laws and Justice, Peace and Govern- 
ment thereof, and for the Sake of preserving his Maj- 
esty's loyal Subjects, and their Lives and Properties, 
which, at present, are at the Mercy of those lawless 
Rebels, 

IT is humbly prayed, that those Petitions, brought 
in, meerly to obstruct and delay, and never prosecuted, 
but deserted, by those Petitioners, may 7iot have the 
intended Effect, to prevent the Applying such speedy 
and effectual Measures, as may be judged expedient, in 
a Case of such very high Importance to his Majesty's 
Sovereignty in America. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Benjamin Franklin 
about an electrical apparatus. 

[From Belcher Papers in Massachusetts Hist Soc. Library.] 

Eliza: Tov^n Dec 18: 1751 
Sir 

I duly rec'" your kind Letter of 28 Nov with the 
Direction about the Electrical Operation & the box 
with the Electrical Apparatus came to my hands the 



» ADMINISTRA-TION OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. [1751 

16 Curr* & I am sorry to Inform you that when I came 
to open it the Glass Globe was broke all to pieces I 
suppose by the rough Convey* of it (in a Waggon) 
from BurHngton hither. This is a great misfortune 
to me in the delay of what I desired to be done. ' I 
have tryed to get another at New York without Suc- 
cess — can you Sir, put me into any method to repair it. 
* -x- * * 

Your assured Friend & Serv* 
Mr Franklin J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lord Halifax, in re- 
lation to his objections to the appointment of L. M. 
Ashfield to be one of the Council. 

[From Belcher Papers In Massachusetts Hist. Soc. Library.] 

Elizabeth Town Dec. 18, 1Y51 
My Lord 

-::• -» -:f * 

I have lately wrote to the Lords of Trade &c. (at 
which Board your Lordship presides) respecting the 
King's Mandamus for M' L. M. Ashfield beiug one of 
the Council here that I hope your Lordship will be 
perfectly satisfyd with the reasons I have given for 
not Admitt"-' that young Gent" while he has been so 
flagrantly fly" in the face of His Majesty & of His Gov'. 

And yet I have no doubt but that his L^ncle M"" R. H. 
Morris will endeavour to colour & palliate his Nep'" 



' Electricity had been recommended by Dr. Franklin as a cure for the Gov- 
ernor's paralytic disorder, which was manifested chiefly in tremulousncss. He 
consulted Dr. Cadwallader by letter on the 7th October as to its being advisable, 
in which letter he informs liim that on the succeeding 8th January he would be 
seventy years old, and giving him some account of his habits, states that he drank 
" besides water and small beer about half a bottle of old Madeira a day." 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHKR. 

bold & impudent misconduct but his Arts & colour^" 
I hope will cast no mist before your Lordships eyes & 
that I may intirely depend upon your Lordships jus- 
tice & Candour for Approveing all I have done in that 

matter. 

J. Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Brattle 
— about the non-success of his electrical cure — Mr. 
Pemherton\s not going to England, etc. 

[From Belcher Papers in Mass. Hist. Soc. Library.! 

Eliz: Tow^n (N J) Jan 18 1752 
My good Fr'' 

I had in due Course Answered y" of 2'' of Sept but 
that I was will*' first of all to make some trial in the 
new philosophical Experim' of Electricity w"' I have 
lately done once & again & at present without any 
success however I intend to persevere in this matter as 
I find no inconvenience from it and what you say upon 
it as to braceing the Nerves makes me the more fond 
[of] it.' 

You have doubtless long since heard that the design 
of Mr Pembertons going to great Britain in fav"" of 
our Embryo College prov'd abortive and this happen d 
from the strong opposition his people at York made 
against his going nor wou'd any thing persuade them 
to part with him & this at present seems to be a great 
frown of Providence upon our little Seminary for by Let- 
ters M' Presid^ Burr has lately reced from Scotland Our 
Fr'^' there are daily expecting some such Person from 
us to make Application for the benevolence of the 

' Under date of January 30th, Gov. Belcher informs Dr. Franklin of his 
intention to persevere with his electrical remedy, but as he could have the use of 
an instrument belonging to Mr. Burr, he returned his apparatus with many thanks. 



10 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

Kirk of ScotlaDd till our Trustees meet I cant say what 
may be the next step in this Affair. 

If the peace holds with France I doubt not but your 
Eastern Neighbours will Continue theirs with you but 
shou'd it be Other way es you must expect they will be 
playing their old game. 

I am fully in opinion with you that had the Act of 
Parham^ intirely Damnd all paper Currency in His 
Majestys American Dominions it had in the end been 
a more Salutary Act to all His Majestys good Subjects 
tho' as it is it has put that matter in a much better Sit- 
uation than ever it has been since a paper Currency be- 
came fashionable. * * * 

I am Sir 

Your Frd & Most Humble serv' 

J. Belcher. 



Letter from Oovernor Belcher to Colonel John Alford 
— about the prospects of the College. 

[From Belcher Papers in Mass. Hist. Sou. Library.] 

Jan 21 1752 

Mr Alford 
My worthy Friend (Extract) 

* * * * I thank God & thank you for the gen- 
erous & Noble Example you have set at the head of a 
subscription in favour of our poor College' w'^'' crawls 
along but very slowly if we can by the favour of 
Heaven get wherewith to build a proper House & to 
support the President & two Tutors I am well satis- 
fyed this Seminary wou'd be a great Blessing to these 
parts of America & in time would be more probable to 
furnish Missionaries to the Heathen Nations than any 
other of our Colleges. '^ * 

Your Friend & serv' 

J. Belcher 



' A donation of £100. (See Steams' First Church in Newark, pp. 186-188), Note.— 
Ed. 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 11 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Walley — defi- 
ciency in the Treasury, the new College, etc. 

[From Belclier Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Mr Walley 

Eliz Town Jan -n 175ii 

[Extract. I 

" Altho' I stand well w*'' the Assembly & with the 
people of this Province yet the publick Affairs here 
are much perplext from a wide difference subsisting 
between the Council & Assembly about a Tax Bill & 
one for the Support of Governm' by W' means no 
money has been supplied to the Treasury for about 2 
years & a half past & I wish I was able to guess when 
those two Branches of the Legislature may coincide 
upon what I have mentioned. 

As to Our poor Infant College the well Concerted 
design of M' Pembertons going to Great Britain thro' 
an unaccountable & unreasonable opposition his people 
made to it has prov'd abortive & this I look upon a 
Considerable frowm of Providence & the more so since 
M' Pres' Burr has lately Let'" from thence giv^ us great 
reason to expect the Charity & bounty of the Kirk of 
Scotland in Case some suitable person was there to 
appear in our fav!" 

And what will be the next step in the matter I can't 
say till our Trustees have had a meet'g. 

* * * 7?- ■«■ * 

I am very sorry for the great difficulties <k, distresses 
your Ti-ade is reduced to the Acco' whereof I have 
from many of my friends but may it not be some 
ease for your General Court to make an Emission of 
paper Currency conformable to the Act of Parliam' : 
indeed considering the wild vagaries the Colonies had 



12 ADMTN-ISTRATION OF GOVERXOK BELCHER. [1752 

run into of Stamping paper for money it was doubtless 
high time for the Legislature of Great Britain to lay 
some restriction." 

J Belcher 



Message from Governor Belcher to the Legislature of 
New Jersey. 

I From Belclier Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Gentle"" of the Council & of the General As- 
sembly 

You are well knowing that it is now going on of 
three years since any Supply of money has been made 
to the Treasury of the Province and which you must 
be sensible is a great dishonour to His Majesty's Grov- 
ernm' as well as a great hardship on all those that 
have demands upon the Province and the longer things 
Continue in such a situation it must necessarily bring 
on a greater weight of Tax upon the good people of 
the Province. 

My Duty therefore to the King together w'*' a Ten- 
der regard for those Committed to our Care and my 
Concern that the Officers with all the other Creditors 
of the Province may have Justice done them require 
your more frequently meeting than I cou'd otherwise 
wish. 

Gentle"' of tJie General Asseniblf/ 

To prevent for the future the danger & difficulties 
w'''' must be the Consequence of what I have said I 
hope you will diligently apply yourselves to the pass- 
ing of a Bill for the Support of Government and for 
the payment of the publick debts and another Bill for 
the laying a Tax foi- raising money to Answer those 
good purposes. 



1752] AUMIKISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 13 

GentV" of the Council & of the general Assembly 

I hope you are now come together with a publick 
spirited resohition to become p'fect strangers to any 
Animosities or diffei-ences among yourselves in the 
Articles I have laid before y° but that you will proceed 
in all your debates and Considerations with a single 
Aim at the Welfare and prosperity of the Province 
w'''' will render y° worthy of the honour of being call'd 
the real Father of y' Country. 




P. Amboy Jan 2S 1752 



Letter from Robert Hauter Morris to the Lords of 
Trade — relatiiiy tothe Cottstitntion of the Comicil 
of Neiv Jersey. 

iKroin P. R. i). B. T.. New Jersey. Vol. ti, G. ittt.] 

Letter from Robert H. Morris Esq'" Chief Jus- 
tice of New Jersey to the Lords of Trade 
dated London Jan"".^ oo"' 1752 relating to 
the State of the Council in that Province 
and the persons recommended by him. 

London Jan^ 80^'' 1752 
My Lords 

With this I take the Ubeity to send Your Lordshi})s 
the Printed Votes of the Assembly of New Jersey in 
their last Sessions, extracts of the Journalls of the 
Council in their Legiskitive capacity, some Clauses of 



14 ADMINISTRATIOK OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

a Bill calld the Support Bill, proposed by the Assembly 
and some amendments made thereto by the Council. 

I find in the votes of the Assembly of October 23^ a 
Memoriall from about four hundred and thirty of the 
inhabitants of the v^estern Division; Setting forth, 
That by unalienable Privileges granted by the Pro- 
prietors to their forefathers. By the terms made at the 
surrender of the Proprietary Government, and By the 
Kings Instructions, they were entitled to have an equall 
number of Councillors for each of the Divisions of the 
said Province; That of late but four out of tv^elve had 
been appointed for the western Division, That the 
places of two of those becoming vacant were filld by 
two Gentlemen of the Eastern division, and Desiring 
the Assembly to Interpose. — Upon this Mem! Your 
Lordships will give me leave to observe. That the num- 
ber of signers (tho' great Pains were taken to have as 
many as possible) are not a twentyth part of the men 
in that Division. — That as to the unalienable Privi- 
leges I am extreemly at a Loss to know what they 
Mean, never having heard of any such during the 
Course of My acquaintance with the Affairs of that 
Province. Indeed, the Proprietors of both the Prov- 
inces of East and west Jersey, thinking they had all 
the Powers of government in themselves, undertook 
by Instruments in writing to form Political Constitu- 
tions for their Eespective Provinces; but those forms 
were so defective in themselves, and not being at all 
Calculated for the government of a people, so turbu- 
lent and factious as those of New Jersey have ever 
been, did not answer the end i)roposed, for many dis- 
putes arose Concerning the Right of Government, 
which were Carryd to a great highth, and made that 
Country a scene of confusion <& Rioting for many 
years before the surrender, in so much, that the Crown 
was about to interpose and seize the Government into 
its own hands, as the Proprietors were not only inca- 
pable of Carrying it on, but had divided & subdivided 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 15 

it in such a manner as gave room for endless conten- 
tions; and it was to prevent such Interposition that 
they made a surrender of all their Powers of Govern- 
ment to the Crown, reserving to themselves and those 
claiming under them, only the soil and what properly 
appertained to it.— Immediately upon the surrender, 
the two Provinces of East and west Jersey, were 
united into one Governm'. of which they became the 
two divisions, but the Line of Property — between em 
was then unsettled, tho a deed for that purpose had 
been long before Executed by the Proj)"; Yet as an 
Act of the Legislature was necessary to adjust that 
matter. It was Judged proper that the members of the 
CounciU and Assembly, should be drawn equally from 
both the divisions, that no Injustice might be done to 
either in the settlement of that Line, and this it was 
that induced the crown to direct, that the members of 
the Asseml)ly should be equal for each division, and 
that an equall number of men should be recommended 
for Councillors, and while that reason subsisted, the 
equallity was kept up in the CounciU, as well as in the 
Assembly; But in the year 1719 an Act was passd for 
running and Ascertaining the Line of Partition be- 
tween the Eastern and Westei-n divisions of New Jer- 
sey, which is extremely full, not only for settling that 
hne, but every dispute that can arrise concerning it. 
or between the two divisions; and as that act has Re- 
cieved the Royall Approbation, nothing now remains 
to be done in that Province, that Can make an equall 
division of the Legislature necessary; and from that 
time, the govei'nors have recomended Councillors, 
without much regard to the places of their residence, 
and as no inconveniency has ever arisin, or indeed can 
arise from this practice, so no Complaint has ever been 
made, till this now under Consideration, and it is plain 
that this took its rise from the disappointment of the 
Govl and the two men he had recomended. — But 
further, — His Majestys Instruction is that the Gov 



16 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

shall return the names of twelve persons that he es- 
teems best qualified for Councillors, whereof six are to 
be of the Eastern, and six of the western Division; but 
the' this Instruction may be obligatory on a Gov', yet 
it can by no means be esteem'd binding on his Majesty, 
or be Construed to tie him down to appoint those only 
so return'd, or an equal number in each division, when 
the reason for that equaUity has been so long at an 
end. — But, should it be thought the Royall intention 
to have an equall Number of Councillors for each 
Division, that Intention I humbly concieve is not broke 
in upon by the Late Appointments, as suggested in 
the Mem? there being at this time no less than seven 
Councillors of New Jersey, qualified to be members for 
the western Division, Viz. John Reading, John Rod- 
man, Richard Saltar, Thomas Leonard, James Alex- 
ander, And'"' Johnston, and myself, the four first have 
not only estates in that Division, but Actually Reside 
there; M' Alexander and myself have large freeholds 
in that division, as well as the other, and at present 
reside in Neither, which makes no Difference, as every 
man is in Law an Inhabitant where his freehold is; 
and And''' Johnston tho' he resides in East Jersey, yet 
is he a Considerable freeholder and one of the Gen' 
Proi»rietors of the western Division. 

By the Journalls of the Council I find Gov' Belcher 
has Refused to Admit M"" Ashfield of the Council for 
that province, for some expressions he is said to have 
used concerning the Kings Laivs : upon which I beg 
leave to say, that when I had the Honour to recom- 
end M"" Ashfield to your Lordships for that station , I 
esteem'd him a man firmly x\ttachd to his Majestys 
person and government, of good life and Character, 
and over that would steadily support the Authority 
of the Crown, against that turbulent and factious 
spirit so prevalent in that Province; and I am still in 
hopes upon a full enquiry, he will Appear to be the 
Man I have represented him; As to the Mattel- laid to 



1752] ADMIXISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 17 

his Charge he positively deiiys it, and I take the 
Liberty to lay before your Lordships several Affidavits 
relating to that affair, and Humbly submit the whole 
to Your Lordships Consideration, with only observing, 
that it may be of dangerous consequence to Counte- 
nance, a Gov": in a disobedience to his Majestys exin'ess 
and positive Commands, Let his reasons for it be what 
they will; for, if a Gov"" has a right to Judge of the 
fitness, or unfitness of the Royall orders, and to exe- 
cute 'em or not as he thinks proper, the people there 
Cannot have the benefit of his Majestys Justice, 
further than a GoV: pleases, which will be depriving 
them of what they Justly esteem their Greatest Se- 
curity.— Had M"" Ashfield been convicted of what he 
was only Accused, it might have been a good reason 
for suspending him after Admission, but the bare Ac- 
cusation of a rash expression, used (if at all) when 
provoked, and probably when in drink, without any 
Previous enquiry, seems to be hardly sufficient to Jus- 
tify a disobedience to his Majestys Positive Command. 
His Excellency is Pleased to be very Angry with the 
Councill, for desiring him on this Occasion to shew 
what powers he had, that gave him a right to dispense 
with the Royall orders. But as the Council are a 
Branch of the Legislature, as well as a Court of Er- 
rors, and have a right to the Assistance of those per- 
sons that the King appoints, they must in Consequence 
have a right to know why such persons are hinderd 
from giving that assistance, And notwithstanding his 
Excellency s warmth in this Affair, I imagin the 
Council had a right to go much greater lengths than 
they did, as it is a doubt how far their acts are good, 
either in their Legislative or Judicial Capacity, while 
any of their Members are hinderd from Assisting. 

Your Lordships will observe in the Journalls of the 
Council as a part of the Legislature, (which are pub- 
lick and to which every body has a right to have 
3 



18 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOB BELCHER. [1752 

recourse) there is enterd at large a paper sent them by 
the Governor, which appears to be the Eesolutions of 
a Committee of his Majestys Council, upon a Report 
from your Lordships Board relating to the Atfairs of 
New Jersey, This paper I find has been sent not only 
to the Governor, but to the Assembly, and has got into 
the Hands of the Rioters, who esteem it no less than a 
determination of the Kings Ministers in their favour. 
And it lias so elated the Assembly, that in the bill pro- 
posed by them for the support of the Government, 
they put severall clauses in favour of the Rioters, and 
not only deny'd the Councils right to Amend that Bill, 
but tore the Amendments from it, and Applyd to the 
Governor to pass the Bill without the Councils con- 
sent; which is going greater lengths, than even a 
Jersey Assembly ever Attempted to go before. 

I thought it my Duty to lay these Matters before 
Yoru' Lordships, and Have the Honour to be 
My Lords Your Most Obed' 

And Most Humble Serv^ 

RoBf H: Morris. 



Memorial from Richard Partridge, Agent for New 
Jersey, to the Lords of Trade — relative to the 
state of the Council in that Province. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. 6, G. 91.] 

To the Lords Comm''^ for Trade and Planta- 
tions 
The Memorial of Rich*^ Partridge Agent for the 
Province of New Jersey 

Humbly Sheweth 

That the Soil & Governm^ of the said Province were 

granted by K: Charles the Second to his Brother James 

Duke of Yoik & by him to John L'' Beikeley & S' Geo. 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEENOR BELCHER. 19 

Carteret & by them to under Proprietors who entered 
into concessions and agreements with the first Setlers 
and for certain considerations granted them divers 
Unalienable Privileges by virtue of which our fore- 
fathers were induced at a great hazard & expence to 
cultivate & Improve this then Wilderness Country 
That the Province becoming very early by an Agreem* 
between the Proprietors two distinct Governments by 
the names East & West New Jersey each w"' a sepa- 
rate Governor, Council and Assembly and with differ- 
ent priviledges Independent on each other as such were 
separately cultivated & improved under different Gov- 
ernm!! & Interests & continued in this situation many 
years 

That in the Year 1702 by an Agreement among the 
Proprietors of each Division the Powers of Governm^ 
were Surrendered up to the Crown but the Privileges 
the Proprietors had in virtue of the right of the Crown 
conveyed to the first setlers remained, And were con- 
firmed to them and their Posterity, And the said Prov- 
inces became united under one Goverment 

That in pursuance of the terms of the said Surren- 
der And Conformable to the said granted Privileges 
the King in his Instructions to all the Governors ever 
since has (as we are Informed) strictly commanded 
that the number of the Gentlemen of the Council in 
each Division should be equal the reason & necessity 
of which is plain that as it is an Instruction to the 
Governors to take the Advice of Council in the Nomi- 
nation of the several Ofiicers of the Governm? & which 
are to be appointed not only in the different Divisions 
but in different parts of those Divisions that the Gen- 
tlemen of the Council should be acquainted with the 
Persons in the several parts of the Province that they 
are to be consulted about It being Impossible that 
those appointed in the Eastern Division should be 
properly Acquainted with persons fit for Officers in the 



30 ADMrNISTRATiON OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

Western Division which is in Several parts more than 
a hundred miles distant and the recommending unsuita- 
ble persons to Offices of Trust in the Government can- 
not but be looked upon a great oppression & Injury to 
the people besides the Gentlemen of the Councils' resid- 
ing in different parts of the Province will enable them 
to inform the Governor of the circumstance of that 
part where they reside, Of the Nature of Complaints 
against Officers in all parts of the Province, And of 
other matters that may come before him in Council, 
And as the Council is entrusted with a great Share of 
the rights & Priviledges of the People & the Interests 
of the Two Divisions are in some cases different from 
each other the Inhabitants of either Divisions must 
consequently be unequally represented at that hon'ble 
board whenever the Numbers from each Are unequal 
That for several years past but four Gentlemen out 
of Twelve have been Appointed in the Western Divi- 
sion And the places of two of these lately becoming- 
Vacant are now filled as we are Informed with Two 
Gentlemen in the Eastern Division which there is rea- 
son to Apprehend was done from the recommendation 
of Private Gentlemen of the said Division without any 
previous Application to the Governor or knowledge of 
his, tho' the Governor being on the Spot & well 
acquainted with the People and having as we are In- 
formed the Kings Strict commands for that purpose 
was not wanting in his duty to the King & Province 
in recommending Suitable Persons agreeable to his 
Instructions So that of twelve Gentlemen of the Coun- 
cil there is now but two appointed in the Western 
Division Nine of the said Gentlemen living and having 
their Estates principally in the Eastern Division & one 
contrary to all precedent & the Kings Strict commands 

residing at New York As these are well known 

Matters of Pact in themselves obviously injurious & 
unequal and Contrary to the Rights and Priviledges 



1752] ADMIKISTRATIOK OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 21 

granted to Our fore-fathers & their Posterity so we 
are well assured from the whole Tenour of Our most 
gracious Sovereigns just & equal Administration dis- 
tinguished by every mark of goodness to us his faith- 
ful Subjects they would soon be redress'd if duly repre- 
sented to the Kings Ministers for which reason we 
Pray the Honourable House will take the Important 
premises into Consideration & pursue such Measures 
for our relief therein As shall be thought most con- 
sistent with our Duty to the King & the Interest of 
the Province 



Message of Governor Belcher to the Council cmd As' 
sembly~on the passage of a Bill for the support 
of the Govern tnent. 

[From a ii>l>y ainuug- the B.'lclier Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.j 

P. Amboy, Feb 12 1752 

Gentlemen of the Council & of the General 
Assembly. 

I observe with much Satisfaction not only the 
Alacrity & dispatch but the good Agreement and Har- 
mony w*"" w'^^ you have gone thoro' the business of 
this short Session of so much Importance to the honour 
& Interest of His Majesty's Government as well as to 
the Establishment of Justice and of peace and good 
order in the Province. 

I therefoi-e in the first place thank you (lent" of the 
general Assembly from whom the Bill for Support of 
Governm' and for laying a Tax to pay the Charge 
thereof must naturally spring. 

And in the next place I thank you Gent" of the 
Council whose Concurrence with the Assembly is nec- 
essary before it can come to me to pass into a Law. 



22 ADMINISTRATION OF GOA^EllNOR BELCHER, [1752 

Gent" I cou'd have wished this Bill had been further 
extended for you must be sensible whenever there is 
an empty Treasury my Duty to the King in a just re- 
gard to His Government and people obhge me to be 
calling you together more frequently than I cou'd 
wish as it necessarily multiplies Charge upon the 
People and may sometimes incommode your domestick 
affairs however I wish what you have now done may 
be the forerumier of lasting TranquiUty to this Gov- 
ernment & people. And as you are now returning to 
your places of abode I hope you will in youi' several 
Stations put the Salutary Laws of the Province into 
good Execution against all sorts of Immorality & fla- 
grant disorders so shall you not only become a ' ' Terrour 
to Evil doers" and a praise & incouragement to those 
that "do well" but you will also in such av/ay draw 
dov*^n Blessings from Heaven on this people & on 
yourselves and Families to each of w''' I wish y" in 
safety and with much Prosperity in all y"" private 

affairs. 

J. Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to his nephew, Mr. 
Foye — about the transactions of the legislature 
just closed. 

[From Papers of Uov. Belcher in Libniry of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz Town Feb. 14 1752 
Mr Foye 

Sir (Extract) 

I yesterday returned from a 14 d" Session of the 
general Assembly at Amboy w'^'' has been the most 
(Comfortable and peaceable of any since my coming 
into the Governm^ the Council & Assembly passing 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 23 

in each House {^ a great Majority) a Bill for the Sup- 
port of Government and in the same Bill Levying a 
Tax to raise money for the discharge thereof to the 21 
of Nov'" next — this I say is a great satisfaction to me 
who have been living near 3 years by running in debt 
& paying the Lawful Interest of 7 ^ Ct for some large 
Sums but if God shoud spare my life to Nov*" next I 
hope to make my Bread and Cheese more than Even 
in these parts. 

J. Belcher. 



His Majestt/s order in Council for the improved Gov- 
enrment of the Colonies. 

At the Court at S' James's the 11*^ Day of March 

1752. 

PRESENT 

The King's most Excellent Majesty L'^ Presi- 
dent E? of Jersey M"" L'^ Chamberlain L'^ 
Privy Seal E' Cholmondeley M'' Ch?- of the 
Exchequer L"^ Chamberlain E^ Bucking- 
hamsh L'^ Ch Justice Willes Duke of Athol 
E! Harcourt. S'" John Rushont Duke of 
Newcastle L*^ Berkeley of Stratton S^ John 
Ligonier E^ of Holdernesse L'^ Cornwallis 
S^. George Lee. 

His Majesty having taken into His Consideration, 
the flourishing State, and condition of the Manufac- 
tures, Tra,de. and commerce of these Kingdoms, and 
also the State and Condition of his Colonies & Planta- 



34 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

tions in America and Elsewhere, With Respect as 
Well to their Trade & Commerce as to their Civil 
Policy & Government. And Whereas it doth Appear 
to His Majesty, that the Said Colonies & Plantations 
have of late Years been greatly Improved, the Wealth 
of His Subjects much increased, and the Navigation of 
these Kingdoms extended, by the Mutual Intercourse 
between Them and the Said Colonies & Plantations, 
and by the Trade & Commerce Arising therefrom; and 
His Majesty being sensible of how great Importance it 
is to His Crown, and Government, and how much it 
WiU contribute to the Satisfaction, Convenience and 
Advantage of His Subjects. That all due care be 
taken, and proper & necessary Regulations made for 
the further Im]Drovement, and Extension of the Man- 
ufactures and Commerce of these kingdoms, and for 
the Encouragement, Protection & Security of the said 
Colonies and Plantations, His Majesty is therefore 
Graciously pleased, with the Advice of His Privy 
Council, to order, and it is hereby Ordered, that the 
Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations do, 
with all Diligence, care, and Concern Apply Them- 
selves, to a faithfuU and Vigorous Execution, and dis- 
charge, of all the Trusts & Powers vested in Them, by 
Their Commission Under the Great Seal, and Whereas 
nothing can more effectually tend to the Peace, Wel- 
fare, and good Government of the Said Colonies and 
Plantations, Than the Appointment of Able, Discreet, 
and prudent Persons, to be Governors, Lieutenant 
Governors & other Officers, and Magistrates: It is 
therefore hereby further ordered, that the said Lords 
Commissioners for Trade & Plantations do, from time 
to time, as vacancies shall happen by Death or Re- 
movals, present unto His Majesty in Council, for His 
Approbation, the Name or Names of Such Person or 
Persons, as the said Comni'.'* from the best of their 
Judgment & Information, shall think duly qualified to 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 35 

be Governors or Deputy Governors, or to be of His Maj- 
esty's Council or His Council at Law, or secretaries in the 
respective Plantations; and Likewise to present to His 
Majesty for his Approbation, the Names of all other 
Officers, which have been, or may be found necessary 
for the administration of Justice, and the Execution 
of Government there, excepting only such as are or 
may be appointed for the Direction and Regulation of 
His Majesty's Customs and Revenues, and Such as are 
or may be under the Directions and Authority of the 
Lords Comm''.* of the Admiralty; and when any Per- 
son or Persons shall have been approved by His 
Majesty in Council; for any of the abovementioned 
Offices, the said Lords Commissioners Shall (unless 
His Majty shall otherwise direct) prepare and make 
out proper Draughts of Such Commissions, War- 
rants or Instructions, as may be thought necessary to 
be given to Such Officers, in order to be laid before 
His Majesty in Council for His Royal Approbation and 
when any Person or Persons shall be presented to His 
Majesty for any of the other Offices of an inferior na- 
ture not judged necessary to be laid before His Maj- 
esty in Council, and yet shall have otherwise received 
His Maj'' Approbation The Said Lords Commissioners 
shall in those Cases (unless His Majesty Shall other- 
wise Direct) prepare and make out proper Draughts of 
Commissions & AVarrants necessary to be given to 
Such Officers, in order to be laid before His Majesty 
for His Royal Approbation Accordingly; and it is 
hereby further ordered, that the Said Lords Comm" 
for Trade and Plantations, do Execute and perform all 
other Things necessary or proper for answering the In- 
tentions of their said Commission; and Wliereas the 
Governors of all His Majesty's Colonies & Plantations 
in America more immediately under His Majesty's 
Government, are in particular Cases, as well as in gen- 
eral directed by His Majesty's Instructions to transmit 
unto His Majesty, by One of His Principal Secretaries 



26 ADMIXISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

of State, and to the Commissioners for Trade & Plan- 
tations, Accounts from time to time, of all their Pro- 
ceedings, and of the condition of Affairs within their 
respective Governments; And Whereas it will tend to 
the Benefit of the Said Colonies, the Ease and Con- 
venience of His Maj'ty's Subjects, and the greater 
Regularity and Dispatch of Business, if the Corres- 
pondence be Confined to, and pass through but One 
Channel; It is therefore further ordered, that the said 
Lords Commissioners do prepare the Draught of an 
Additional Instruction to be sent to the Governors of 
all His Majesty's said Colonies and Plantations respec- 
tively Signifying His Majesty's Pleasure, that in aU 
Cases, wherein by His Majesty's Instructions they are 
Directed to transmit any Particulai-, or general Ac- 
counts of their Proceedings, or of Matters relative to 
their Governments, They do, for the future, transmit 
the Same to the Lords Conmi'." for Trade & Planta- 
tions, Only, in order that they may be laid before His 
Majesty, Provided nevertheless, that whenever any 
Occurrences Shall happen, Within their respective 
Governments, of such a nature and Importance, as 
may require His Majesty's more immediate Directions 
by One of His Principal Secretaries of State, and also 
upon aU Occasions, and iu all Affairs, Whereon they 
may receive His Majesty's Orders, by One of His 
Principal Secretaries of State, the said Governors Shall 
in all Such Cases, transmit to the Secretary of State 
only, an Account of all such Occurrency's, and of their 
Proceedings relative to such Orders And it is hereby 
further ordered, that a Copy of this order be trans- 
mitted to the said Lords Commissioners for Trade & 
Plantations, to be Entered upon the Books of the 
Plantation Office, and that the Said Commissioners do 
likewise transmit Copies thereof to the Governors of 
His Majesty's Colonies and Plantations respectively to 
the End that all Persons Concerned may Govern 
Themselves Accordingly W. Sharpe. 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 27 



Additional instructions to the Colonial Governors — 
relative to the revision and transmission of their 
laws. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. Plantations General, No. 39, Ent. Book K, p. 291.] 

Additional Instructions to Our Trusty and 
¥Mlbeloved' 



Given at Our Court at S* James's the 12^^ day 
of March 1752 ' in the twenty fifth Year of 
Our Reign. 

Whereas many of the Laws heretofore passed in 
Our Colonies and Plantations in America respectively, 
have from time to time, been either entirely or in part 
repealed, and others of them are expired, altered, 
amended or explained by means whereof Persons not 
well acquainted with the said Laws may be led into 
Mistakes and great Prejudice and Inconvenience may 
arise, to Our Service. And whereas nothing can more 
effectually tend to promote Order and good Govern- 
ment, secure the Properties and Possessions of Our 
Subjects, and prevent Litigious Controversies and Dis- 
putes than a Clear and well digested Body of Laws, it 
is therefore our Will and Pleasure, and you are here- 
by required, and directed jointly with Om- Council and 
the Assernbly of Our Island of Jamaica, under your 
Government, forthwith to consider and revise, all and 
every the Laws, Statutes and Ordinances which are in 
force within Our said Island, excepting only such as 



' A like instruction, mutatis mutandis, was sent to Henry Grenville, Governor of 
Barbadoes, William Matthew, of Leeward Islands, Jolin Tinker, of Bahamas, Wil- 
liam Popple, of Bermuda, William Glen, of South Carolina, Gabriel Johnston, of 
North Carolina, Jonathan Belcher, of New Jersey, George Clinton, of New York, 
Wm. Shirley, of Massachusetts Bay, Penning Wentworth, of New Hampshire. 
Edward Trelawny, of Jamaica. 

'^ Order of Council approving of those instructions. Api-il \4. 1752.— Ed. 



28 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

relate to private Property, or are otherwise of a pri- 
v^ate nature, and in lieu thereof to frame and pass a 
complete and well digested Body of new Laws, taking 
especial care, that in the passing of each Law, due Ee- 
gard be had to the Method and Regulations prescribed 
by our Instructions to you, and that no Law of any 
kind whatever, making a part of such new Body of 
Laws, be passed without a Clause be inserted therein, 
suspending and deferring the Execution thereof, untill 
Our Royal Will and Pleasure may be known there- 
upon. And it is our further Will and Pleasure, that 
when the said new Body of Laws shall have been so 
framed and passed as aforesaid, you do forthwith 
transmit each Law seperately under the Seal of Our 
said Island, together with very particular Observations 
thereupon, to Our Commissioners for Trade and Plan- 
tations, in order to be laid before Us in Our Privy 
Council for Our Approbation or Disallowance. 



Report of the Lords of Trade to the Lords of the Privy 
Council, relating to tJie improper Publication 
made in Neii^ Jersey of an Order of their Lord- 
ships, and to some Proceedings of the Assembly 
of that Province. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New J(-rsey, Vol. 15. p. 36.->. | 

To the Right Hon^'*' the Lords of His Majesty's 
most Hon^/'' Privy Council. 

March l^''^ 1752 
My Lords. 

Robert Hunter Morris Esquire, One of His Majesty's 
Council & Chief Justice of the Province of New Jersey 
in America, hath lately laid before Us, amongst other 



1'<'52-] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 29 

Papers relative to the State of Affairs in that Prov- 
ince, an extract of the Journals of the said Council 
transmitted to him by M!" Alexander, a Member there- 
of, by which it appears that on the 3? of October last, 
.the Speaker laid before the House a Paper, from the 
Governor which was read, and being enter'd at length 
upon the said Journal, appears to be a Copy of an 
Order of the Lords of the Committee of His Majesty's 
Council for Plantation Affairs, made in consequence 
of Our Report to their Lordships upon the State of 
Affairs in that Province, dated the 1^' of June 1750. 
M' Morris hkewise laid before Us an Extract of a 
Letter from the said Alexander to him, dated at New 
York, the 27. of October 1751, in which, speaking of 
ihe Journals of the Council, he acquaints him, "'That 
" the report of the Lords of the Committee enter'd 
"October 31 came from M'" Partridge, Agent to the 
"Province, to the Assembly, and instead of being 
"against them, they look'd upon it as a Conquest, or 
"that the matter was hung up for ever, and in the 
" mean time were determined to crush those who had 
"complain'd of them" 

We thought it Our Duty upon this Information to 
call W- Partridge before Us, who has acknowledged 
that thinking it his Duty to inform his Constituents of 
whatever pass'd here relative to the Affairs of the 
Province, and conceiving that the aforemeution'd 
Order of the Lords of the Committee of Council was 
final, and of a pubhck Nature, he did obtain a Copy of 
it, and transmitted it to the Province: And We find by 
an authentick Copy of the Journal of the Council of 
said Province, lately transmitted to Us by M" Belcher 
His Majesty's (xovernor, that on the 3? of October 1751, 
the Speaker laid before the House in a Legislative 
Capacity, from the said Governor a Copy of the said 
Order, which is enter'd at lai-ge upon the said Journal. 

We must further beg Leave humbly to inform your 



30 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

Lordsliips that it appears from the Votes of the As- 
sembly of the said Province transmitted to Us by the 
said Governor that on the 15^" of Octo'^ 1751 the said 
Assembly pass'd a Bill for the support of the Govern- 
ment for one year, and sent it up to the Council, who, 
on the 2 p.-, return'd it with some Amendments; That 
the Assembly not only rejected these Amendments, 
but separated them from the Bill, and came to a Reso- 
lution to send it up to the Governor, returning the 
Amendments to the Council with a Message, setting 
forth " that as they were of no use to them, they knew 
" of no other method than returning them, keeping 
" the Bill in order to be presented to the Governor by 
"the hands of the Speaker, which they did in con- 
" formity to that august House of Commons of Eng- 
"land and the ancient Practices of the Assemblys of 
"New Jersey; that their first sending the Bill to the 
" Council proceeded from that spirit of complacency 
" and hearty desire of doing every thing in their Power 
" to proi^agate a good Harmony among the Branches 
"of the Legislature, & that, considering the present 
" unhapppy Circumstances of the Colony, they were 
"willing to suspend some of their Priviledges, when 
" that Conduct seem'd most satisfactory to the Coun- 
"cil," but the Bill returning with such a Train of 
Alterations to the Substance thereof sufficiently con- 
vinced them that the yielding their Privileges, was not 
the way to establish Harmony, therefore they return'd 
the said proposed Amendm'* to the Council, to whom 
they seem'd most properly to belong and retain'd the 
said Bill in order to present the same by the hands of 
their Speaker, to the Governour, to be by him laid 
before the Council. 

It appears however from the said Votes that the 
Governor refused to receive the said Bill so sent up to 
him by the Assembly, and that the Assembly there- 
upon sent it to the Council, that tliey might consider 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 31 

» 

whether they ought to recede from or adhere to their 
Amendments, and upon the Council adhering to their 
Amendments and desiring a Conference, the Assembly 
unanimously resolved that the Council had no right to 
amend a money Bill, and therefore they refused a 
Conference. 

We must here observe to your Lordships that this 
Claim of the Assembly to exclude the Council from 
making any Amendments to money bills was con- 
stantly urged by them during the Administration of 
the late Governor, but as His Majesty has never allow'd 
of such a Privilige in the Assemblies of other Prov- 
inces, this Board upon all such occasions earnestly 
recommended to the said Governor to continue a vig- 
ourous Opposition to such unwarrantable Pretensions. 
As some of the Facts abovemention'd relate to the 
improper publication of an Order of your Lordships, 
and the Proceedings in the Province of New Jersey 
appear to Us greatly to affect the future peace of the 
said Province, the State of which has been lately under 
the Consideration of your Lordships, We thought it 
Our Duty to lay these matters fully before your Lord- 
ships. 

We are &c. 

Dunk Halifax Fran: Fane 
J: Pitt Ja: Oswald. 

C. Townshend. 



33 ADMIXISTHATTOX OF ftOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. William Morris 
— about the establishment of a Library at Trenton. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soe.J 

Eliz: Town Mar 20 1752 

Mr Morris 

Sir (Extract) 

* "" * I have not yet read over what you inclosed 
for the Gov' to do for the better EstabUshm* of o' 
Trenton Library but you may depend I shall always 
be willing to do every thing proper on my part for 
promoting & strengthen^ any scheme that may have 
a tendency to j)i'opagate & advance Religion and Learn- 
ing w*^'' will be of so great advantage to the pr;sent 
and future generations. 

I am Sir your ready Frd. 

J Belcher 



Letter from the Earl of Holdernesse to the Lords of 
Trade — enclosing Order of Council of March 11, 
1752. 

I From P. H. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 15.J 

Whitehall 30*/^ March 1752 

The Lords of Trade 

My Lords 

An humble Representation, having been laid before 
The King, setting forth, the present flourishing State, 
of His Majesty's Colonies in America, as well with 
regard, to Number of Inhabitants, as to the Increase 
of Trade, in those Parts of His Majesty's Dominions, 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 33 

& that it is highly necessary, that the greatest Care & 
Attention should be had, to the Good Government of, 
& regular Administration of Justice, in the said Amer- 
ican Colonies, His Majesty was graciously pleased, to 
refer the said Representation, to a Committee of The 
King's Most Honourable Privy Council, directing them, 
to consider of the properest Means for obtaining this 
desireable End, & the said Coraaiittee, having made 
thereon, their humble Eeport to the King, His Majes- 
ty was pleased, to direct an Order of Council, a Copy 
of which is herewith inclosed, & to which. Your Lord- 
ships will please to conform Yourselves hereafter. 

And whereas Your Lordships are hereby directed, 
to prepare a Draught of an Additional Instruction, to 
be sent'to the Governors of all His Majesty's said Colo- 
nies & Plantations, directing them, to correspond for 
the Future, with Your Lordships 07ily: excepting in 
such Cases, as may require His Majesty's more imme- 
diate Directions; I have His Majesty's Command, to 
signify to Your Lordships, that it is The King's 
Pleasure, You should transmit to One of His Majesty's 
Principal Secretaries of State, in order to their being 
laid before The King, all such Letters, as shall, for the 
future be addressed to you, from any Governor, or 
other Person, or Persons, acting as such, in any of 
His Majesty's Colonies, or Plantations in America, 
which may in any wise, relate to His, or Their Con- 
duct towards the Governor, or other Chief Officers, of 
any Foreign Prince, Power, or Potentate, whatsoever; 
As also such Letters as may relate to the Transactions 
of any Foreign Governor, or other Officer, towards 
them, or any of His Majesty's Subjects under Their 
Direction, & Regulation; And also, that Your Lord- 
ships should, in like Manner, transmit unto One of 
His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, a Draught 
of such Answers, as you shall prepare, to be given to 
any such Letter or Letters, or shall fall within the 
4 



34 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

abovementioned Description, in Order to it's being laid 
before His Majesty, for His Eoyal Approbation; And 
your Lordships are hereby directed, not to transmit to 
any of His Majesty's Governors, or other Person, or 
Persons acting as such, any Orders or Directions, re- 
lating to His or Their Conduct, so far as it may affect, 
or be any vt^ise construed to affect, any Foreign Prince, 
Power, or Potentate, whatsoever untill the same shall 
have received The King's Approbation, signified to 
Your Lordships by One of His Majesty's Principal 
Secretaries of State. As to all other Matters of Cor- 
respondence, which shaU from hence forward pass, 
between Your Lordships, & the respective Governors, 
in America, you will please, to proceed in the usual 
Manner. 

And whereas Your Lordships are further directed, 
by the said Order of Council, from Time to Time, as 
Vacancies shaU happen by Deaths, or Removals, to 
present unto His Majesty, for His Approbation, the 
Name or Names of such Person or Persons, as Your 
Lordships, from the best of Your Judgment and In- 
formation shall think duly quahfied to be Governors, 
or Deputy Governors, or to be of His Majesty's Coun- 
cil, or of His Council at Law, or Secretaries in the 
respective Plantations; And likewise to present 
to His Majesty for His Approbation, the Names of all 
other Officers, which have been, or may be found nec- 
essary for the Administration of Justice, & the Execu- 
tion of Government there, excepting only such, as are, 
or may be, appointed for the Direction, & Regulation 
of His Majesty's Customs, & Revenues, & such as are, 
or may be, under the Directions & Authority of the 
Lords Commissioners of the Admu-alty. I have The 
King's Directions, to inform Your Lordships of His 
Royal Intention, as to the Manner of Your Proceeding 
herein, viz*. That in all such Cases, where the Names 
of proper Persons for any of the Offices abovemen- 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 35 

tioned, have usually been laid before His Majesty in 
Council, Your Lordships are to follow the same Method 
for the future, & in all other cases provided for by this 
Order of Council, Your Lordships are to transmit to 
One of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, to 
be by Him laid before The King, for His Majesty's 
Approbation, the Names of such Persons, as you shall 
judge the most capable, of executing any such Office 
or Trust as specified in the abovementioned Order of 
Council. 
I am My Lords 
Your Lordships' Most obedient humble Servant 

HOLDERNESSE. 



(Enclosed in the foregoing.) 

Copy of the Earl of Holdernesse's Circular Let- 
ter to His Maty's Gov^.^ 

Whitehall 30'^ March 1Y52. 
Sir 

I have His Majesty's Commands, to transmit to you, 
the Copy of an Order in Council, calculated for the 
future Regulation and Government of His Majesty's 
American Colonies, and I likewise send you inclosed, 
the Copy of a Letter, which The King has directed me 
to write, to The Loi'ds Commissioners for Trade & 
Plantations, explaining the Method, in which it is His 
Majesty's Royal Pleasure, Their Lordships should put 
in Execution the said Order of Council, & You will 
accordingly receive an Additional Instruction, from 
the said Lords Commissioners for Trade & Planta- 
tions, directing You for the future, to address Your 
Letters to Their Lordships only, except in such Cases, 
as may require His Majestys more immediate Direc- 
tions; And it is the King's Pleasure, that you should 
for the future, conform yourself to the said Order of 
Council. 



36 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1751 

But whereas it may hapj)en, that Circumstances of 
a very high & important Nature may arise which may 
require the utmost Secrecy, it is The King's Pleasure, 
that if any such should occurr, within the District of 
your Government, you should forthwith, with the 
utmost Diligence & Exactitude, transmit an Account 
thereof to one of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries 
of State onhj\ And You are in such Case, to follow all 
Orders and Directions, which His Majesty shall think 
proper, to direct one of His Principal Secretaries of 
State, to transmit to You in consequence thereof. 
I am Sir Your most 

obedient humble Servant 

HOLDERNESSE 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge 
— Mr. Ashfield acquitted. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.J 

Eliz: Tow^ April 8 1752 

Bro: Partridge (Extract.) 

Young Ashfield has lately been try'd upon the In- 
dictm' & clear'd by a nicety in Law altho' I believe 
every Body tho't him guilty of the Fact I intend soon to 
send you a Copy of his Case with further Affidavits 
of his Abusing the Gov' w''' things being represented 
at the Board of Trade and impartially judg'd of I 
think must fully justify my Conduct in the Affair 
depending. 

I am told that there are Comiss" coming from Eng- 
land to make inquiry into the Affairs of the Province. 
I wish they may soon Arrive and that I may have 
some fresh Advices from you. '-^ * '^ ^' 
I remain with kind respects 

Sir your lov^ Brother & frd. 

J Belcher 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 37 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Andrew Johnston, 
one of the Council, and Samuel Nevill, Judge of 
the Supreme Court — relating to the imprisonment 
of Simon Wyckoff. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc. 1 

Eliz: Town April 11 1752 

Qeyit" 

I understand one Cornelius' Wyckoff is Commited 
to Gaol in P. Araboy for High Treason and John' 
Waller the Gaol Keeper who is now with me says he 
has too much reason to believe the s*^ Wyckoff's 
Friends will attempt to deliver him out of Gaol by force 
I have therefore made out upon the Sheriff the in- 
closed Special Warrant that he may take the better 
care to have the Gaol well secured that he may still be 
safely kept in Custody and as you are Gent" of Super- 
iour Order in this His Majestys Government I desire & 
expect from you that in your several Stations you do 
all in your power to encourage & protect the Sheriff 
in his Office that no insult or Outrage bo committed 
on His Majestys Authority. 

I am with due Respect 

Gent"^ Your Fr" & Serv* 

J Belcher 

To the Hon'"'' And^ Johnston Esq One of His Maj- 
esty's Council Samuel Nevill Esq — One of the 
Judges of the Supreme Court, Province of New 
Jersey. 

' Simon in margin. ' William in Letter, John in margin. 



38 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEBNOR BELCHER. [1752 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Samuel Nevill — 
about the riot at Perth Amhoy. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Euz: Town April 14 1T52 

Judge Nevill 
Sir 

I have just now reed yours of this day's date with 
the Affidavits and the particular Ace' of the breaking 
open of Am boy gaol and taking out from thence Simon 
Wickoff who stood there Committed for High Treason 
and of the Rioters carrying him clear off w"'' is an Ac- 
tion of the highest & most Outrageous Insult upon the 
Kings Authority and demands the greatest resentment 
of all Persons in power in this Province that every 
possible step shou'd be taken for recovering the s'' 
"Wickoff for the returning him into Gaol. 

I must observe that I think the Sheriff after M"" 
Johnstons and your sending for him has been too in- 
dolent & negligent in this matter for I don't find that 
he in any measure follow'd Col' Johnston & your Ad 
vice in order to repel such a violent proceeding. 

To be sure his under Officer Waller was guilty of 
the most unwarrantable breach of Duty in suffering 
the s' Wickoff to be absent from the Gaol for three 
days together & really deserves the severest punish- 
ment the Law can inflict upon him. 

I think the method you propose for the more sure 
recovery of Wickoff is the most rational & feazible 
& therefore wou'd have the matter talkt of as little as 
may be. 

In the mean time I have ordered M' Secry Eead to 
Summon all the Members of the Council to meet me 
here without delay to advise with them what steps 



1752] ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOviERXOR BELCflER. 30 

may be most prudent for Supporting the Kings Gov- 
ernment of this Province & for bringing all the persons 
concerned in this late Outrage to Condign Punishment. 
I am with kind respects 

Hon*^"^ Sir Your Fr'^ & Serv' 

J Belcher. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary Read 
— about riot at Perth Amhoy. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Libraiy of N. J. Hist. Soc.] 

Eliz: Town April 14 1752 

Me. Secretary Read. 
Sir 

Mr Sheriff Deare is now with me and gives me the 
Account of the Rioters coming yesterday to Amboy 
Goal & in an Outrageous manner rescuing Samuel 
Wickoff who stood there committed for High Treason 
& of their carrying him clear off. 

Upon this Extraordinary insult on the Kings Au- 
thority of this Province I think it absolutely necessary 
to convene the Kings Council & it is therefore my 
order that you send forth a Notification to each Mem- 
ber with all possible dispatch that they meet me here 
at such a day as you judge the most remote of them 
can comply with the time you may set.' 

Notwithstanding there is an Order of Council for 
their quarterly Meeting yet this is an Affair of too 
high a nature to be delayed one day. 

I am Hono''"^ Sir Your Fr" & Serv? 

J. Belcher 



' Meeting was called for April 24th, but only three members attended ; nothing 
was done.— Ed. 



40 ADMIN'tSTEATIOK' OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. [1752 



Letter from Judge Samuel Nevill to Governor Belcher 
— informing him of the result of the trial of 
Leivis Morris Ashfield. 

I From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. 17. J 

Judge Nevillf Letter relating to the Tryal of 
M'' Lewis Morris Ashfield 

Perth Amboy, April 17: 1752 

May it please Your Excellency 

According to Your Request, I herewith send you, 
the most particular Account I am capable of Collecting 
from my Notes and Memory of the Tryal of M' Lewis 
Ashfield at the Supreme Court of Judicature held in 
March last at Perth Amboy, upon an Indictment for a 
Misdemeanour, in speaking the following words to one 
John Hite, a Constable, to wit, God damn you, with 
your Kings Laws. 

John Hite deposed, That upon a Sunday some time 
in the Month of August last, about One or Two 
O'clock, as he was coming home from Meeting at 
Cranberry, he heard some body swearing profanely 
That he went up to them, and desir'd them not to 
Swear: That M' Ashfield was in Company; but did not 
hear M' Ashfield Swear, and that he seemed to be 
sober: That he reprimanded them for Swear- 
ing, and told them to have Regard to the King' Laws: 
and Ashfield reply 'd, Damn you with your Kings 
Laws That he went up to them with Design to dis- 
charge his Duty, in reprimanding those that Swore: 
and that he did not lay Hands on Ashfield before he 
struck him. 

Abraham Cottinam, (who then acted as Kings At- 
torney) deposed, That the Words, as given to him at 



1752] ADMTN-ISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 41 

first to draw the Indictment by, were, God damn you, 
AND THE Kings Laws too That he afterwards asked 
Hite, whether he was sure those were the Words; That 
Hite, after some Hesitation, said. That he, (meaning 
Ashfield) did not say so; but that he said, God damn 
you WITH YOUR King] Laws and this he said before the 
Grand Jury 

Hite then being ask'd by the Court, What the 
Words were, which Ashfield spoke, rephed he was 
sure they were Damn you, with your Kings Laws. 

Humphry Mount deposed, That he was certain, that 
Ashfield said. Damn yon, and the King] Laws. 

Jonathan Hankins deposed. That Ashfield said, 
God damn you, and your King' Laws too. 

The Defendant then produced several Evidences, 
who deposed that they were present during the dispute, 
as Lookers-on, and no way engaged in the Affray. 
That they heard no such words spoken: & if they had 
been spoken, they shou'd have certainly taken Notice 
of them. 

Daniel Connor deposed in particular, That Hite grew 
warm, and said, he wou'd carry them (meaning Ash- 
field, Vanhorn, and Salter) toAmboy Gaol: That they 
Offered him Bail: & Hite said, he would take no Bail: 
And that Hite then laid Hands first upon Ashfield; & 
Ashfield struck him with his Whip: That Hite then 
call'd for Assistance; and then Mount and Hankins en- 
gaged in the Affray: That in the Skirmish, Hitef Wife 
coming up and received a Stroke upon her Arm with a 
Whip from Ashfield Accidentally: And that upon her 
teUing M' Ashfield of it, he said, he was sorry for it; 
and gave the Woman a five and Thirty Shilling Bill. 

The last Particular was own'd by Hite; who said, 
M"" Ashfield had made them full Satisfaction, and that 
he always took him to be a very Civil Gentleman, not- 
withstanding the Dispute which then happened be- 
tween them. 



42 APMIiflSTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

Hite was ask'd, Whether he had not declared, That 
he was spirited up by some Persons to accuse M"" Ash- 
field in the manner he had done. 

Upon which Hite reply'd, He had never said so. 

Thomas Duncan then deposed, That John Hite had 
declared to him, That he shou'd never have accused, 
or said anything against M"" Ashfield, if he had not 
been prompted to it by Andrew Gordon and John 
Thompson. 

Upon the Whole the Court cou'd not in Justice help 
observing to the Jury, That out of a great Number of 
People then present, not one Evidence appeared in Be- 
half of the King, to support the words charged in the 
Indictment, except Hite, Mount, and Hankins, who 
were all in the Heat of Blood, and warmly engag'd in 
the Quarrel; and each contradicted the other as to the 
Words said to be spoken by M' Ashfield; which gave 
Rise to the Point of Law that Your Excellency heard 
arose upon the Tryal, which Your Excellency will find 
in 2 Hawk. Chap. 46. Fol. 430 Sect. 36 Tit. Evidence. 

The Jury aiter a short Stay, acquitted Ashfield of 
the Indictment. 



/^u^j^Sijteo 



A True Copy of a Letter, from Samuel Nevill Esqr, 
One of the Judges of the Supreme Court of the Prov- 
ince of New Jersey, so far as relates to the Tryal of 
M- Lswis Morris Aslifield, upon the Indictment brought 
against him in the said Court. J. B. 

' For biographical notice of Judge Nevill see Vol. VI, p. 323.— Ec. 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 43 



Papers relating to a riot at Perth Amboy, April 13, 

1752. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. G ) 

Extract of the Minutes of Council y^ 24*.^ of 
April 1752, and Copies of several Papers re- 
lating to a notorious Riot committed y"* IS**" 
of that Month in the City of Perth Amboy, 
by some Villians that broke open y® Goal 
there, & delivered one who was committed 
as a Prisoner for High Treason. 

Rec^ with Gov'' Belcher's Letter dated y® 1^.' of 
May 1752. 

At a Council held at Elizabeth Town on fryday 
the 24*.^ day of April 1752. 

PEESENT 

His Excellency the Governx)r M^ Hude M'' 

Kemble Mr Ogden 
His Excellency Spoke to the Council as follows. 

Gentlemen of the Council 

I am Sorry for the Occasion of my Calling you to- 
gether at this time, Which is to lay before you a 
Notorious Outrage Committed upon His Majestys 
Authority in this Province, by a Number of Lawless 
Villains, in breaking open his Majesties Goal in the 
County of Middlesex, and Rescuing from thence One 
Simon Wycoff, who Stood there Committed for high 
Treason. 

The 11'." Instant John Waller, keeper of the said 
Goal, w^as with me, and told me he had Reason to be- 
lieve that there would be a forceable attempt made to 



44 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BKLCHER. [1752 

deliver the said Wycoff out of Goal: Upon which I 
immediately made out a Warrant to William Deare 
Esq!" Sheriff of the said County, to use all possible 
means according to Law to prevent any such Outrage 
and to keep the said Wycotf in Safe Custody. 

And at the same time I wrote a Letter to the hon- 
ourable Andrew Johnston Esq One of his Majestys 
Council, And Samuel Nevill Esq One of the Judges of 
the Supream Court Of his Majestys Province of New 
Jersey Particularly advising them of the Matter, and 
Inclosed to them the Warrant I made out to the 
Sheriff: The Answer to which Letter I. also now lay 
before you with some affidavits Relating to this Affair; 
And I am not a little Surprized that no Steps were 
taken to oppose Such a Violence to be Committed on 
his Majesties honour and Government. 

In this Extraordinary affair I now ask your advice, 
What may be most proper to be done for the Support 
of his Majesties Government, for y'' better keeping of 
the peace of this Province; and whether it might not 
be necessary to Call the Assembly together to have 
their Advice and Assistance in this matter, and 
Whether any thing Can be done in the mean time to 
Express our utter abhorence and detestation of Such 
wicked tumults and disorders, and for Suppressing the 
Same. 

The several papers I now lay before you, I have 
Ordered the Secretary to enter upon the Records of 
the Governor and Council. 

J. Belcher 
Elizabeth Town April 24. 1752. 

The papers Refered to in his Exc'" Speech are as 
follows. 

.^L^*) By his Excellency Jonathan Belcher 
'*^^,4i'iEsq. Captain General, and Governor in 
Chief in and over his Majestys Province of 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 45 

Nova Cesarea or New Jersey, and Territories 
thereon Depending in America, Chancellor and 
Vice Admiral of the Same. 

To William Deare Esqr high Sheriff of the County 
of Middlesex. 

Judge Read was with me a few days ago and told 
me he has ordered one Simon Wykoff (Called a Cap- 
tain among the late Rioters) to be Committed to Am- 
boy Goal for high Treason; and this Day John Waller, 
who keeps the said Goal, has been with me and Says 
that he has good Reason to beheve that there will be a 
forceable attempt made to deliver the said Wykoff out 
of Goal. 

These are therefore to require you in his Majesties 
name to use all possible means according to Law to 
prevent any Such outrageous proceeding, and to Con- 
tinue the said Wykoff in safe Custody. 

Given under my hand and Seal at arms at Elizabeth 
Town April 11'", 1752. 

J. Belcher 

Gentlemen 

I understand one Simon Wykoff is Committed to 
Goal at P. Amboy for high Treason, and John Waller 
the Goal keeper (who is now with me) Says he has too 
much reason to beheve the Said Wykoff's friends wUl 
attempt to deliver him out of Goal by force; I have 
therefore made out upon the Sheriff the Inclosed 
Special AA^arrant, that he may take the better Care to 
have the Goal well Secured, that the said Wykoff may 
Still be Safely kept in Custody; and as you are Gentle- 
men of Superiour Order in this his Majesties Govern- 
ment, I desire and expect from you that in your Sev- 
eral Stations you do all in your power to Encourage 



46 ADMINISTRAtlON OF GOVERIS'^OR BELCHEE. [1753 

and protect the Sheriff in his office that no Insult or 
outrage be Committed on his Majestys authority, 
I am with due Respect Gentlemen 

Your friend and Serv^ 
Elizabeth Town April 11. 1752 J Belcher 

To the honourable Andrew Johnston Esq'" one of his 
Majesties Council Samuel Nevil Esq'" one of the 
Judges of the Supream Court Of his Majestys Pro- 
vince of New Jersey 



Perth Amboy April 14. 1752 

May it please your Excellency 

I Received a packet from your Excellency by W- 
Waller on Sunday morning last near one o'Clock with 
an Inclosed Letter directed to M' Andrew Johnston 
and myself; as also your Warrant or order to the 
Sheriff of Middlesex, I waited on M- Johnston the 
Same morning, and pursuant to your direction we 
Sent for the Sheriff and gave him your Warrant, and 
at the Same time directed him to be carefuU of his 
prisoner and to secure his Goal, in the best manner he 
could, letting him know at the same time that he was 
already Cloathed by veitue of his office with all the 
power we could give him, to wit, that of Raising the 
Posse Commitatus 

On Monday Morning we received Some flying and 
Contradictory Reports that Some people were gather- 
ing together in the Country to take Wykoff out of 
Goal, and M' Johnston and myself met and Continued 
together till the day was far Spent, but heard nothing 
further, however about three o'Clock in the afternoon 
a ]^J umber of people, about twenty or upwards, with 
Clubs in their hands, broke open the Goal, and Res- 
cued Wykoff in the manner the Inclosed Affidavits 
will Inform your Excellency. Had M' Johnston and 
myself been present I conceive we could have been but 



1752] ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 47 

of little Service: for my real opinion is, that the power 
of the Government in New Jersey is at present very 
weak as to Subduing Insurrections of this Nature, no 
provision being made by the Legislature to Support 
that power, though frequent application have been 
made by your Excell^' as well as by the late Governor, 
to the Assembly for that purpose. This together with 
a Seeming Reluctaucy in the people to the obedience 
of Authority in the present Case, hath Rendered any 
Attempts to Suppress and jDrevent Such like Riots and 
disorders in a great measure Impracticable. 

I wait for your Excellencys advice and direction 
which method will be most prudent to Issue an Escape 
Warrant and hue-&-Cry after the Traitor Wykoff, or 
delay it for a few days, untill the affair grows Cool. 
Some are of opinion that in the latter Case, he will 
boldly appear in a short time and be easily taken; But 
that if the Country be alarmed he will withdraw and 
not be taken at all, or with Great difficulty. Which of 
the Schemes is most adviseable, I submit to your Ex- 
cellencys wise Consideration, and Refer you for fur- 
ther particulars to the Sheriff, who now waits upon 
your Excellency for your orders. Instructions and 
Commands in this unhappy and Critical affair. 

M- Waller, when he waited upon your Excellency, 
did not inform You that he had permitted this Traitor 
Wykoff to go home privately and unknown to the 
Sheriff; and that he, Waller, furnished him with a 
horse for that purpose; and that the said Wykoff was 
gone from fryday the 3? to Monday the <i'" of this In- 
stant April; Which time I doubt not V\^ykoft" employ- 
ed in Raising and Spiriting up his friends to Rescue 
him from tlie Goal. And Waller did not inform the 
Sheriff of those fears and apprehensions of Wykoffs 
being Rescued, which he Related to your Excellency. 
Of this Affair the Sheriff wiU likewise further inform 
youi* Excellency. 



48 ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [I'J'SS 

I impatiently wait for your Excellencys further ad- 
vice and directions, and shall be always ready to do 
every thing in my power for the Security of his Sacred 
Majesties person & Governm* (whom God long pre- 
serve from all Treasons and Traiterous Conspiracies) 
and for preserving the peace of the King's Government 
here in New Jersey. I am, Sir, with all due Respect, 

Your Excellency's most obedient humble Servant 

Samuel Nevill 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq. 



Netv Jersey ss. 

James Newell of the City of Perth Amboy Taylor 
of full age maketh Oath, that on Monday the 13"' of 
April 1752 he this Deponent was told that the Rioters 
were Breaking open the Goal in the said City of Perth 
Amboy, upon which he went to the said Goal where 
he saw a Number of people, about twenty, armed with 
Clubs about the said Goal; That the outer door was 
then opon, and he heard a great knocking within the 
Goal as if it was breaking open Locks; That soon 
after he saw one Simon Wykoff brought out amidst a 
number of people and mounted on horseback, and 
Carried off in Triumph by the Rioters, who huzza'd as 
they went away. And this Deponent further Saith 
that he Saw one Benjamin Coiie among the Said 
Rioters with a Club in his hand. And further this 
Deponent Saith not. 

James Newell 

Sworn this IB^? day of April 1752. Before us 

And^^' Johnston 
Samuel Nevill 

Copy. 

New Jersey ss. 

Thomas Fox of the City of Perth Amboy Gentl. 
maketh oath, that on monday the 13"' of April 1752 
he this Deponent was in Company with William Deare 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 49 

Esq high Sheriff of the County of Middlesex, when 
Some persons came and told the said Sheriff that a 
Number of people were Coming to break open the 
Goal; upon which the Sheriff desired this Deponent to 
go with him to the Said Gaol, to bear witness of what 
pass'd; That they went up accordingly, and presently 
came up a Number of people with Club in their hands 
on horseback; that one of them gave the word of Com- 
mand to dismount, whereupon the Sheriff' put himself 
betvireen them and the prison door, and demanded what 
they came there for; that one of them, a Lusty Man, 
and a Dutchman as this Deponent believes, Said they 
were come for Simon Wykoff and would have him 
out; that the Sheriff' forewarned them from breaking 
open the Kings prison ; That they then Cryed out in a 
Tumultuous manner that they Loved King George 
better than he or any body there, and would have Jus- 
tice: or words to that effect; they then Demanded the 
keys of the Sheriff, and said if he would not deliver 
them they would break open the Goal, and that they 
did not want to hurt him or any one else, but they 
would have him out; that the Shei'iff refused to Deliver 
the keys; That some persons from behind Called out> 
Who hath the keys Damn them, whip them till they 
deliver them: or words to that Effect; That they then 
Said he must give the keys and it would be better for 
him; that this Deponent told them that it was as much 
as Office or his Life was worth, and that it wa,s a 
shame to abuse an officer in the Execution of his 
office; they Reply ed they did not Care, they would 
have Justice; That this deponent told them that if 
they would have patience they would liave Justice; 
they Replyed they had Stayed long enough, and now 
all was quiet, they had began again with them; that 
they then Cryed out again in a Tumultuous nanner 
why do you delay, break it open; that they then pro 
ceeded to break open the Goal with Iron Instruments, 
5 



50 ADillXlSTllATIOX OF GOVEKKOK BELCFIEK. [1752 

and broke the outer Door, when a Number of the 
Rioters Crouded in; and Soon after this Deponent Saw 
the Said Rioters bring the aforesaid Simon Wykoff 
out of the Goal, and that they mounted him on horse 
back, and Carried him off in a Triumphant manner 
with Loud Huzzas. And further this Deponent 
Saithnot. Tho! Fox. 

Sworn this IB"' day of April 1752 Before us 

And'' Johnston 
Samuel Nevill 



New Jersey ss. 

WiLLiAiii DearE Esq high Sheriff of the County of 
Middlesex maketh Oath that about 3 o'Clock on mon- 
day the 13*i' of April 1752 in the afternoon, he this De- 
ponent Seeing a great number of people coming into 
Town on horse back, and being informed that they 
were Coming to take one Simon Wykoff out of the 
Goal of the County of Middlesex, who had been Com- 
mitted to the said Goal by Judge Read upon an 
Indictment found against him for high Treason, he 
this Deponent went up to the Said Goal, and Soon 
after a Number of persons on horseback came up, 
about Twenty, as this Deponent believes, most of them 
armed with Chibs, that he this Deponent asked them 
wiiat their business was: that some of them Replied 
they Came for Simon Wykoff, and demanded the keys 
of the Goal, of this Deponent; That this Deponent 
Refused to deliver the keys, upon which some of them 
said that he this Deponent had better dehver the keys 
than have the Doors broke open for they would not 
pay for the Locks if they broke them; that this De- 
pon' forewarned them from breaking open the kings 
Goal at their Peril, that one of the said Company, 
who this Deponent believes to be one Hegeman, a Son 
of Adrian Hegeman, and a Blacksmith now or lately 
living in the Comity of Somerset and province of New 



1753] ADMIXISTIIATIOX OF (JOVEKXOR BELCHER. 51 

Jersey, went up to the outward door of the Said Goal, 
which was fastned with a padlock on the outside, and 
with a hammer & Chizell broke open the Said Door, 
upon which a Number of the Eioters Eushed into the 
Said Goal, and broke open the Entry door, and after- 
wards broke open a Door which led into a Room where 
the aforesaid Simon W\^koff was Confined; that the 
Said Simon Wykoff was Rescued out of this Depo- 
nents Custody in the manner afore mentioned, and 
was mounted upon a horse and Carried off in Triumph 
with Loud huzza's by the Said Rioters. And this De- 
ponent further Saith that he Saw one Benjamin Corle 
on hoi-seback amongst the said Rioters with a Club in 
his hand, and that he Saw another person there whom 
he believes likewise to be a Son of the aforesaid 
Adrian Hegeman. And further this Deponent Saith 
not. W"? Deare. 

Sworn this 1?>"' day of April 1752 before us 

And" Johnston 
Samuel Nevill 

His Excellency desired the advice of Council thereon. 

The Council were of opinion that as the Disturb- 
ances of this Province have for some time past been 
under the Consideration of his Majesty and his Minis- 
ters, and it is Expected that advices will soon arrive 
from home Relating to the Same, this Board were of 
opinion that the deferring their advice till their quar- 
terly meeting on the lo'!' of May next may be most 
expedient; hoping in the mean time his Excels will 
Receive directions from his Majesty in those affairs. 



52 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOK BELCHER. [1752 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade 
— relating to the riot at Perth Amhoy. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers iu Ldbraiy of N. J. Hist. Soc.] 

May 1 1752 
(Extract.) 

* " * Your Lordships will see that altho' I early 
summond a Council on this matter [the riot at Perth 
Amboy] there Appeared only 3 of the Members & they 
wou'd give no Opinion in the Affair for want of a 
fuller Number of the Council w"' I shall expect to see 
the 11^'' of this ins* after which I shall not fail to ac- 
quaint y' Lordships what further measures may be 
taken for Suppressing this Outrageous insult upon the 
King's hon' & Governm*. 

I almost forgot to say to your L''ships that after a 
few d' Simon Wickoff Volun: returned to his Con- 
finem* but this sure can be no Aleviation of the Atro- 
cious C*rime of w'^ he & his Accomplices had been 
guilty. J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge 
about riot at Perth Amboy. 

[From Belcher Papers in Libraiy of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

May 1 1752 
M"* Richard Partridge 

Bro: Partridge ( Extiact. » 

•X- '.i vj j^ jg with much Concern that I am obliged 
to observe to you that a Riot was Committed the 13"' 
of last month by a Number of about 20 Lawless Vil- 
lains who broke open the Kings Goal at P. Amboy & 
deliver'd from thence one Simon Wikoff who was 



1752] ADMIKISTRATIOX OF OOVEllXOR BHLCITEK. 53 

there Committed for High Treason the Papers relating 
thereto I send with the inclosed to the Lords of Trade 
whose L' I leave open for y' perusal & then you will 
seal & deUver it altho' the Man is since return'd to 
Goal yet I am afraid this will give an unhappy turn to 
the Affairs of this Province You will see I have done 
what was necessary & proper in the matter & when 
the Council meets me I shall be able to say what steps 
will be further taken in this Vile Affair. 

I am Yom' lov^ Bro. 

J Belcher 



Order of the Lords of the Committee of Council for 
Plantation Affairs, referring to the considera- 
tion of the Lords of Trade a i^eport made by 
His Majesty^ s Attorney and Solicitor-General 
relating to many outrageous and riotous pro- 
ceedings carried on for some years last past by 
several inhabitants of the Province of Neiv Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 7, H, No. 7.] 



1 L.S. '- 



At the Council Chamber Whitehall 
= the 7*^ day of May- 1752 



By the Right Honourable the Lords of the 
Committee of Council for Plantation Af- 
fairs. 

TVhereas there was this day laid before the Lords of 
the Committee of Council, a Report made by His Maj- 
esty's Attorney and Solicitor General, upon Consider- 
ing a R'eport of the Lords Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations, as also several other Papers relating 
to the many gi'eat Outragious and Riotous proceedings 
that have been carried on for some Years past by 



o4 AnMTNiSTRATIOX OF CtOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

several of the Inhabitants in the Province of New 
Jei'sey; And likewise upon Considering three Petitions 
of the Possessors of Land in Essex, Middlesex, and 
Somerset, being the Persons concerned in the said 
Riotous proceedings Setting forth amongst other things 
as the cause and Foundation of such their Proceed- 
ings, their having been threatned to be turned out of 
the Possession of the Lands which had been Purchased 
by their Ancestors and themselves from the Indian 
Sachems, the Original Possessors of all the Lands 
there, several Ejectments having been brought against 
them for that Pur])ose— The Lords of the Committee 
this day took the said Report of His Majestys Attor- 
ney and Solicitor General into their Consideration 
together with a Draught of a Commission Pi-epared by 
them and annexed to their said Report For making an 
Enquiry into the Causes of the Rise Progress and Con- 
tinuance of the said Commotions, with Blanks left 
therein for the Names of such Persons as His Majesty 
should be pleased to Nominate Conuuissionei's for that 
Purpose — And the Lords of the Committee are hereby 
Pleased to refer the said Report and Draught of 
Commission (Copys whereof are hereunto annexed) 
to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 
who are to Consider thereof, and of the manner, in 
which they conceive the said Commission niay be most 
Properly carried into Execution, And Report the same 
to this Committee, together with their Opinion there- 
upon, W: Sharpe. 

To the Right Honourable the Lords of a Com- 
mittee of His Majestys Most Honourable 
Privy Council 

May it please Your Lordships 

In piirstiauce of Your Lordships Order of the 30^'' of 
July last Setting forth that Your Lordships had taken 



175*2] ADMINISTKATIOX OF GOVERXOH BELCHER. 55 

into Consideration a Report made by the Lords Com- 
missioners for Trade and Plantations upon the State 
and Conditicm of His Majestys Province of New Jer- 
sey in America; whereby it appears that many and 
great outragious & riotous proceedings have been car- 
ried on for some Years past by several of the Inhabit- 
ants m that Province That the Goals have been broke 
open by large Bodys of People and prisoners freed and 
set at liberty; and that the Power of the Government 
has not been sufficient to put a Stop thereto, in regard 
the Assembly did not concurr with the proposals re- 
peatedly made to them by the Governor and Council 
for strrngthening their hands and bringing the Of- 
fenders to Justice — That the Reasons assigned for the 
Cause & Foundation of these violent proceedings (as 
appear by three Petitions of the Possessors of Land in 
Essex Middlesex & Somerset referred by His Majesty 
to Your Lordships) are the Apprehensions they are 
under of being turned out of the Possession of their 
Lands which they alledge to have been purchased by 
their Ancestors and themselves from the Indian 
Sachems the Original Possessors of all the Lands 
there several Ejectments having been brought against 
them for that purpose Upon Consideration whereof 
Your Lordships were of Opinion that it wiU not only 
be necessary but expedient on this Occasion to cause a 
strict enquiry to be made into the true and real Cause 
& Foundation of these Disturbances. And to that end, 
were thereby pleased to Order That we do consider of 
proper methods to be taken for enquiring into the 
Grievances of the Kings Subjects in that Province re- 
lating to their Possessions and to look into the preced- 
ents and Commissions that have at any time been 
issued on like Occasions, And that We do prepare a 
proper Draught of a Commission to be issued for that 
purpose leaving Blanks therein for the Names of such 
Persons as His Majesty shall be pleased to nominate 



56 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

Commissioners and lay the said Draught before Your 
Lordships with all convenient Speed 

We have taken the Matter thereby referred and all 
the Papers therewith transmitted to Us into Consid- 
eration. 

As to the Precedents & Commissions that have 
issued upon the like Occasions We have not been able 
to find any for enquirino- into Titles and Possessions 
either here or in the foreign Dominions of this Crown 
not warranted by Act of Parliament — The only One 
we have found that bears any resemblance to the pre- 
sent Case, is what was Granted by King Charles the 
2'^ in the Year 1<5T6 To enquire into the Causes of a 
Rebellion in Virginia But as that does not relate to 
matters of private Property between the Subjects, It 
does not appear to Us a Precedent for an inquiry of 
this kind which is only proper for the Conusance of 
the Ordinary Courts of Justice 

We have therefore prepared the Draught of a Com- 
mission in general Terms for an Enquiry into the 
Causes of the rise Progress and Continuance of the 
Commotions in New Jersey which is annexed to this 
Report 

But Your Lordships having been Pleased to Order 
Us to Consider of proper Methods to be taken for 
enquiring into the Grievances of the Kings Subjects in 
New Jersey in relation to their Possessions 

We beg leave to inform Your Lordsliips that from 
the Report of the Lords Commissioners of Tra,de and 
Plantations of the 1'' of June 1750 And the three Peti- 
tions of the Possessors of Land in Essex Middlesex and 
Somerset in the said Order mentioned It appears to 
Us that the only Grievance alledged, is an Apprehen- 
sion that Injustice wiU be done upon the Tryal of 
Ejectm^Mits brought or Threatened to be brought 
against Persons who have long been in Possession of 
Lands now claimed by others upon the foundation of 



175-2] A DMIVISTRATiOK OF OOVERXOR BELCHER. 67 

Old Titles: and the Possessors profess only to desire that 
the Matter may come fairly before His Majesty in 
Council for an impartial Determination And as by 
general Verdicts the Merits may be prevented from 
coming before Your Lordships upon an Appeale We 
humbly Submit to Your Lordships whether it might 
not be proper to send an Instruction to the Governor 
to recommend to the Judges upon any Tryals of 
Ejectments for Lands in Essex Middlesex or Somerset 
to have all the Evidence found in the Nature of a 
special Verdict by which Means the whole may come 
fully and fairly after the Court has given their Judg- 
ment before His Majesty in Council upon an Appeal, 
who will take every Circumstance of Title Possession 
and Improvement into Consideration A Solem deter- 
mination once had here will be a Rule for all Similar 
Cases And the Nature of the Question being once un- 
derstood may Point out the Way to some general 
Remedy by Legislative Authority in Case any shou'd 
be wanted Or if the Possessor has no Title; nor such a 
Possession as any Act of Limitations in New Jersey can 
protect; but has by the acquiescence of the Legal 
Proprietor been permitted t(i settle the Plantation as if 
the Land was his own: That may perhaps be a Ground 
to apply to the Court of Equity in New Jersey for an 
Injunction to quiet him in the Possession in which 
Case Ukewise all the Evidence & Circumstances must 
come befoj*e His Majesty in Council upon an Appeal 

But We are apprehensive that without Authority to 
try or Determine, Commissioners ^\ill not be able even 
to State the various Questions which seem to be agi- 
tated at present in New Jersey concerning Titles to 
Lands; much less to quiet them. 

And if it should be thought Expedient to try the 
Questions which are alledged to have been the Cause 
of the late troubles there in a Summary way for a 
limited time; We are of Opinion that such Commission 



58 ADMIXISTRATIOX OF GOVERXOR BELCHER. [1752 

ought to have the Sanction of an Act of Assembly 
there or an act of Parlaiment here — All which is hum- 
bly Submitted to Your Lordships Consideration. 

D: Ryder 
12"' August 1751 W: Murray 



George the Second by the Grace of God of 
Great Britain France & Ireland Kmg De- 
fender of the Faith &c* To Our Trusty and 
Welbeloved 

Greeting Whereas it has appeared to Us by the Re- 
port of Ou]- Commissioners of Trade and Plantations 
upon the State and Condition of Our Province of New 
Jersey in America that Great Divisions and Distrac- 
tions have arisen in Our said Province and many out- 
ragious riotous and Treasonable Proceedings have been 
carried on for some Years past by several of the In- 
habitants of the said Province that the Goals have 
been broke open by large bodys of People and Priso- 
ners set at liberty and the Publick Justice of the 
Province Interrupted and Stopt to the great Injui'y of 
Our peaceable and loyal Subjects the disturbance of 
Our Government and diminution of Our Royal Au- 
thority in those parts We being willing to be informed 
of all and singular the premises to the end that We 
may apply speedy and fit Remedys and restore Peace 
and Orde]' in Our said Province And having great 
Confidence in Your Wisdom Diligence and loyalty do 
by these presents appoint You 

Our Commissioners to enquire 
into and Report unto Us a true full and Impartial 
State of the Case in relation to the Matters and Things 
which may have given occasion to the beginning and 
continuing of these Disorders and whether Our Sub- 
jects of the said Province have lain or do lye under 
any and what Grievances, which may in any measiu-e 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELOHKH. oO 

have given rise thereto together with the Opinion of 
You or any 

of You thereupon to the End that We may 
take such Order and give such Directions therein as 
may redress all grievances and put an effectuall End 
to all Disturbances and secure the future well Govern- 
ment of Our said Province And We do hereby give 
You or any 

of You for the better Execution of Our 
Royal Will and Pleasure herein full Power not only to 
receive such Informations & Advertisem^f as shall be 
brought unto You by or from any of Our Subjects 
touching the Premises but also to enquire by the Ex- 
amination of witnesses on Oath (which We do hereby 
give You or any of You full power to Administei*) or 
by such other Ways and Means as You or any 

or more of you shall think fit 
into the Premises. 
And we do further give You or any 

or more of You full power 
to send for such Persons Books Papers and Records as 
may be useful to You or any 

of You for the better carrying 
on the Service hereby intended Willing and requiring 
Our Governor of Our said Plantation his Deputy Gover- 
nor and all and every other Our Officers and Subjects 
within the said Plantation to be in all things Helpfull 
and assisting to You and every of You in the Execu- 
tion of this Our Commission And lastly that in the 
Execution and Performance of the Powers & Au- 
thoritys to You hereby given, You and every of You 
do carefully observe and conform Yourselves unto 
such Instructions as shall be given and sent nnto You 
in writing under Our Sign Manuel and for so doing 
this shall be Your Warrant. 



GO ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCSEK. [1752 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade 
about jyi'oceedings of Council. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers iu Library of N. .1. Hist. Soc.J 

Eliz: Town May 19. 1752 
Lords of Trade 

May it please your LordshijJS 

I did myself the honour of writing your Lordships 
the 1 Currant. Agreeable to what I then mentioned 
His Majestys Council met the 11 ins' & I now Cover to 
your Lordships what they did on that Occasion by 
which your Lordships will see they were against tak- 
ing any Steps relating to the late Riot till the Arrival 
of His Majestys Orders on this head which are earn- 
estly & daily expected by this Legislature & this whole 
Province. 

I have so often represented to the Assembly of this 
Province the unhappy Confusions and disorders that 
have here Subsisted for 10 or 12 years past & have so 
warmly prest them to Join with the Gov'' & Council in 
some suitable Measures for Suppressing & rooting out 
the Vile Spirit of Rioting and to no purpose y* when I 
shall meet them again I hardly know what to add & 
these things I have as often faithfully Represented to 
your Lordships nor do I think any thing will stop the 
Course of such Seditious and Riotous proceedings but 
the Arrival of such Wise Orders as His Majesty shall 
think fit to give in an Affair of such Importance for 
Supporting the Kings honour and Authority as well as 
the peace and Welfare of His Subjects in this Province 
& I heartily wish such Orders may soon come to hand. 
1 am with great Respect 

My Lord Your Lordships 

Most Obedient Humble Servant 

J Belcher 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 61 

Letter from Ooveiiior Belcher to Richard Partridge. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

May 20, 1752 
Mr Richard Partridge 
Bra. Partridge 

•X- * * * * * * * 

I observe you had been at the Board of Trade to set 
forth the Irregularity and disproportion of the num- 
bers of Councillors fixt in the two districts of this Pro- 
vince w'^'" indeed is a violation upon the Original Com- 
pact between the Crown & the Proprietors of East & 
West New Jersey & which was specially stipulated at 
the Sur]*ender of the Government of this Province to 
the Crown by the said Proprief-^ 

I take a particular notice of what you say about 
your sending over Copy of the Order of the Privy 
Council & I tliink the Step you took by way of Molli- 
fication to be quite prudent aftei' a Man' saying to 
such great People what he reasonably cou'd for his 
Justification if it will not be accepted there's no Con- 
tending & I really tliink what you did was very Inno- 
cent & what in Duty you owVl to your Constituents. 

But I am sorry to tell you that Immediately after 
the Order ah*eady mentioned was re'd to the Assembly 
it was shown to several Members of the Council by a 
principal Meuiber of the House of Assembly by one 
who pretends to be y'' fr'' but whom I can assure you 
from near 5 years Experience has it not in his nature 
to be a Smcere friend to any body nor do I trust him 
in any Affairs relating to my Administration nor 
shou'd you in any you cou'd well avoid because I am 
Satisfy' he wou'd at any time betray you to J. A ' and 



' James Alexander. For biogrraphical notice of this distinguished gentleman, see 
Vol. IV, p. 399.— Ed, 



(52 AD.Mi:SISTR\T10X OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

the rest of the Council under his Influence and to go 
on with this man I owe him no sort of Obligation 
altho' he is under many to me I therefore wonder how 
he cou'd possibly take the Word of Gratitude into his 
mouth I say he cautious be cautions about him for 
the future. 

To whom you wrote the private Letter about your 
Conversation with Charles Townsend Esq I know not 
but I think you ought to be very Carefull to whom 
you write as to my Self I sacredly promise you that 
whatever you please to Commit to my Secrecy it shall 
remain as lockt up in your own breast for I shall al- 
ways rejoice to do you all the good Offices I can & 
according to the best of my Understanding avoid doing 
any thing that may have a Tendency to your prejudice 
or disservice. 

Least I shou'd foryet I again caution uou again of 
hav^g any thing to do with the Rioters in any way or 
manner whatsoever unless you are minded to destroy 
yourself & me with respect to this Province. They 
are I assure you a sett of Impudent, Lawless Rascals 
and there seems remaining among them the same 
Seditious Spirit as heretofore and to show it when ever 
they judge it a proper Opportunity nor do I think they 
will ever be supprest but by some Severe Orders from 
the Crown & they carry ed well into Execution. 

Your lov- Bro: 

J. Belcueij 



175'i] ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERXOR BELCHER. 03 



Circular Letter to the Governors of His Majesty's Plan- 
tations in, America, recommencling them strictly 
to adhere to their Instructions, a?id not to pass 
any laivs inconsistent therewith, etc. 

(From P. R. O. B. T. Plantatious_General. No. 39, Eiit. Book K, p. 318.J 

To I Jonathan Belcher] Esq'.' His Majesty's Gov- 
ernor of I New Jersey) 

Whitehall June :>"' 1 75l> 

Sir 

Having taken into our Consideration the General 
Instructions given by His Majesty to his Governors of 
the several Colonies and Plantations in America, We 
observed with concern that the Experience of late 
Years furnishes too frequent Instances in which many 
of those Instructions have been dispensed with and 
neglected upon slight and unwarrantable Pretences. 
As the Instructions are calculated in general for the 
support of His Majesty's Prerogative and the Protection 
of His Subjf^cts in their just Rights, for the establish- 
ing and preserving good Government in his Colonies 
and promoting the Welfare, Quiet and Prosperity of 
them, a due and uniform Observance of those Instruc- 
tions must greatly contribute to so desirable ends: We 
therefore think it Our Duty to recommend it to you 
and to all the Governors of His Majesty's Colonies and 
Plantations strictly t(j adhere to your Instructions 
and not to deviate fronj them in any point but upon 
evident necessity justified by the particular circum- 
stances of the case, and whenever that happens you 
are forthwith to transmit to Us, in the fullest and 
most expUcit manner your Reasons for such Devia- 
tions But at the same time We must acquaint you, it 
is expected that you do apply for previous Directions 



64 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

from hence in all Cases when the occasion will admit 
of such a Delay. 

The passing of Laws in a Method inconsistent with 
His Majesty's Instructions, (which has been too often 
practised) is manifestly of great Detriment to the pub- 
lick Service, and the occasion of many Difficulties, in 
as much as those Laws though they contain the most 
salutary provisions, cannot receive the Royal Appro- 
bation but by His Majesty's dispensing with his In- 
structions, We must therefore in a [)articular manner 
insist that in the passing of all Laws you haA^e a 
proper regard to the Regulations contained in your In- 
structions. 

And whereas some particular Parts of the Instruc- 
tions given by his Majesty to his Governors may, from 
the Alteration of Circumstances, have become obsolete 
useless, or improper, We desire that you wiU without 
delay consider and revise, with the strictest attention 
the Instructions given to you, as well the genei-al ones 
as those which relate to the Acts of Trade and Naviga- 
tion, and transmit to Us your Opinion of such parts of 
them as shall appear to you useless, improper or liable 
to Objection together with your Reasons for such 
Opinion, that We may take those Reasons into Con- 
sideration and propose to His Majesty such Altera- 
tions as shall upon mature Deliberation appear to be 
proper and expedient. 

So We bid you heartily farewell and are, 
Your very loving Friends 

and Humble Servants 

DuxK Halifax 
J. Gkenville 

DUPPLIN 

Frax: Fane. 



1752] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 65 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade 
— transmitting the accounts of various officers. 

iFrom P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey. Vol. 7, H. 10.] 

May it please Youe Lordships 

With this, goes DupUcate of my last of 31 Currant, 
since which, I have nothing material to Communicate 
to Your Loi-dships, respecting the Affairs of this Prov- 
ince, any more than that, I have after a long time, 
receiv'd from the several Treasurers of this Province, 
their Accounts of the Receipts and Payments of 

money Viz^ 

From Andrew Johnston Esq Treasurer of the Eastern 
district, his Account from Octoher 1734 to October 
1751 
And from Samuel Smith Esq Treasurer of the Wes- 
tern district, his Account from 1733, to 1751. 
As I have formerly Advised Your Lordshij)s, these 
Accounts cannot be Attested, by His Majesty Surveyor 
General, as the Customs of this Province, he living at 
Three hundred Miles distance, and has never been in 
this Province, since my Arrival, but Your Lordships 
will find, the Accounts Sworn to by the Treasurer of 
each district, and are made out, in the best manner. 

They can be procured here, and yet I am Sensible 
they are very imperfect which I don't wonder at, since 
I find the Records, of all the Publick Ofhces here, are 
kept in a very loose indifferent way, nor can it indeed 
be well otherways, while the Publick Officers, are so 
meanly Supported, for the two Treasurers together, 
have not an Allowance, of fifty Guineys a year * * - 
I remain with Great Respect 

my Lords Your Lordships Most 

Obedient & Most Humble Servant 

J Belcher 
Elizabeth Town (N J) June 9: 1752 
6 



66 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCnER. [1752 

Western Division Treasurer's Accounts from 
1733, to 1751. 

1733 D' the Treasurer of the Western Division 
(John Allen Esq"") 

To Balance due to the Publick upon Ac- 
count of the Support in 1733 As ap- 
pears by the Settlement made by the 
Committee of Council & Assembly £170.18. 8^ 
To ballance of the Interest Money remain- 
ing in my hands in 1733 as by the re- 
port of the Committee . . . 1398. 3. 9 
To moneys Received for Support of Gov^ 
from the Several Counties for the 
years 1733, 1731, 1735 as follows Yiz 
From the Collector of Bur- 
lington County . £369.15.11 
the Collector of Gloucester 257. 5.— 
the Collector of Salem . 432. G.— 
from Ditto Arrears due in 

1732 .... 5. 2.— 

from-jthe Collector of Cape 
May for s'' years a bal- 
lance .... 97.19. 6 
from the Collector of Hun- 
terdon for s*' years and 
arrear of 1732 . 222.13. 6 

£1385. 1.11 

To Interest Money rec'' from the Several 
Counties being the remainder of the 
first £40,000 as follows fiom the Coun- 
ty of Burlington . . £39.13.7 
Gloucester . . . 28. 5.6 

Salem .... 68.18.8 
Cape May . . . . 7. 9.8 

144. 7. 5 



1752] ADMINISTEATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 67 

To Interest Money receiv'd from the Said 
Counties On Ace* of the £20,000 Viz 
from the County of Bur- 
lington . . . 560.10.— 
Gloucester . . . 386. 1. 6 

Salem .... 654. 9. 6 

Cape May .... 133. 0. 6 

1734. 7. 6 



To the Interest Money rec'' from the s^ 
Counties on Ace' of the last £40,000 
from the County of Burling- 
ton ... . 218.10.— 
Gloucester . . . 150.17. 8 

Salem .... 255. 4. 6 
Cape May . . . .53. 8.— 



678. 



£5510.19. 5i 
Per Contra, C 

By Moneys paid the Governor and the 
Several Affairs of the Governm' from 
1733 to 1738 pursuant to the Acts of 
Assembly for that pur])ose As per 
Account of Particulars laid before the 
Assembly 4808.15. 6 

1740 

To the ballance found by the Committee 
of the Council and Assembly appoint- 
ed to Inspect the Treasurers Accounts 
the 14'" of Llarch 1738 at a General 
sessions held at Perth A mboy . 1217. 0. 1 

To Interest Money received Since froni 
the Several Counties of the Western 
Division Viz' Cape May in the Year 
1739 .... £24.16.— 

On Ace* of the £20,000 

Salem . . . . 82. 6,— 



68 ADMINISTRATION OF GOV ERNOIi BELCHER. [1752 



Gloucester 




£72.12. 6 




Burlington 


. 


105.13. 9 




Hunterdon 


• 


61.10.— 


£346.18. 3 


Cape May . 




43. 8.— 


Salem 




170. 3.— 




On Acc^ of the £40,000 








Gloucester 


, 


150.10.— 




Burlington 


. 


218.10.— 




Hunterdon 


• 


128.—.— 


790 11 


To Money's ReC of Clem' 


HaU 


one of the 


1 ^U. I I — 


Commissioners of the Loan Office for 




the Co^ of Salem . 


* 




126. 4. 7 




£2410.13.10 



1983. 5. 4 



By Moneys paid the Governor and the 
Several Officers of the Governm- pur- 
suant to the Acts of Assembly for that 
purpose ..... 
1742 

DR. 

To the ballance of the Interest Money in 
my hands as by the report of the 
Com« in 1740 £483. 8. 4| 

To Interest Money rec-' Since from the 
Several Counties of the Western Di- 



vision VIZ 




Hunterdon 


.£190. 3.4 


Burlington 


193.15.2i 


£20,000 Gloucester . 


. 193.13.4 


Salem 


246.18.— 


Cape May . 


. 73.13.6 


To ditto recievd 




Hunterdon 


384. 0.0 


Burlington 


. 655.10.— 



898. 3.4i 



1752] ADMlNlSTKATIOK OF GOYERXOR RELCHER. 69 

Gloucester . . . £475.14.2 
Salem .... 536.13.6 

Cape May . . . 160. 4.— 

£2312. 1. 8 



£3693.13. 5| 
To one thousand pounds Rec*^ of Rich'^ 
Smith and Caleb Raper Esqrs towards 
pajring for the Victual'-' and Trans- 
porting the Horses raised in this 
Colony £1000.—. 

CR. 

By Moneys paid the Governor and the sev- 
eral Officers of the Government pur- 
suant to the Acts of Assembly for that 
purpose 2358. 5. 8 

1740 Aug^.* Sep^ & Octob^ By Sundry pay- 
ments for Victualing & Transj^orting 
the Horses &c as per Receipts . 1000. 0. 

1744 

DR. 

The said Treasurer in the Year 1742 hav- 
ing been charged with the Interest 
money payable from the Western 
Counties for the £20,000 in the year 
1740 1741 & 1742 & also the Interest 
money due from the s"! Counties for 
the £40,000 in the same years 
Amount^' to £2583.7.9 and also with 
part of the 4000 remaining in his 
hands appointed to be cancelled and 
destroyed in Bills dated 1724 if to be 
found &c which the Committees re- 
ported to be the Sum of 253.8.6 & 
Likewise reported to be in s*^ Treas- 
urers hands the sum of . . .£1973.15. 8f 



£407. 


8. 


T| 


602. 


1. 


3 


414. 


1. 


91 


T03. 


6. 


8 


146. 


5. 





70 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

The s*^ Treasurer further Charges himself 
with the Interest money payable from 
the several Countes of the West" Di- 
vision af! for the years 1743 & 1744. 
Hunterdon on the £40,000 & £20,000 
Burlington on the s'! Sums 

Gloucester 

Salem 

Cape May 

4246.19. 7i 

CR. 

By Moneys Paid the Governor and the 
Several Officers and Charges of Gov- 
ernment according to the Acts of As- 
sembly for that purpose . . . 2971. 1. 3 

1746 

DR. 

To moneys Received of Isaac Decow Esq 
one of the Signers of the Bills of 
Credit made Current by An Act of the 
General Assembly Entitled an Act for 
making Current £10,000 in BiUs of 
Credit to enable the Hon'ble John 
Hamilton Esq &c .... £5000.00.0 

CR. 

By Sundry disbursements for Arming & 
Cloathing part of the Horses on the 
Expedition to Canada which with a 
ballance of £1714.9.6. then remaining 
in the s'- Treasurers hands made up 
the Said Sum in full . . . . 5000.00.0 

1747 

DR. 

To the ballance of the Interest money re- 
ported to be in my hands by the Com- 
mittee of the Council and Assembly 



1753] ADAtlNISTRAl'IOX OF GOVEKN'oR HELCHER. 71 

at Burlington in the year 17M includ- 
ing the exchanging of 2090 and Hold- 
ing of 3 Courts in 1744 viz at Salem 
Hunterdon & Gloucester . . . £1392.13.3 

To interest moneys recieved of the Com- 
misr's of the Loan Office for the 
County of Hunterdon for the years 
1745. 1746 & 1747 .... 439.00.G 

To Interest moneys recieved of the Com- 
missioners of the Loan Office for the 
County of Burhngton as above . . 750. 4.7 

To Interest moneys rec'' of the Com- 
missio'rs of the Loan Office for the 
County of Gloster as above . . 519.06.3 

To Interest moneys rec"? of the Commis- 
sioners of Salem as above . . . 883.16.7 

To interest moneys recieved of the Com- 
missioners of Cape May as above . 182. 6.6 

To Sundry Arrearages not then Brought 

in . 32.14.9 



£4201. 2.5 



CR. 

By the Governors Salaries and those of 
the Several Officers and other Charges 
of Government paid pursuant to the 
Acts of Assembly for that purjDose 2529. 9.3 

1748 

DR. 

To ballance of the Interest moneys re- 
ported to be in my hands at the last 
Settlement in 1747 .... 2176.19.8 

To moneys Received of the Western Com- 
mission'' for Victualling the Horses 
&c reported at last Settlement to be 
deficient in their hands . . . 7. 1.5 

To moneys Rec? ol the Western Comrs 



72 ADMINISTBATTON OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [175^ 

for Arm^ & Cloathing the Horses Sec 
being the Sum report'^ to be in their 
hands £132.18.0 

To the ballance of moneys raised for Arm- 
ing and Cloathing the Forces &c re- 
ported to be in my hands at the last 
Settlement 171.19.6 

To Interest moneys on the £20,000 and 
40,000 Recieved in the year 1748 of 
the Several Counties Viz' 
Hunterdon . . . £90.00.6 

Burlington . . . 169.16.3 

Gloucester . . . 94.16.0 

Salem .... 198.12.0 

Cape May .... 39.19.6 



593. 4.3 



£3082. 2.10 



CR. 

By the Governors and the other Officers 
Salaries and other Charges of Gov- 
ernm' paid According to the Act of 
Assembly for that purpose . . 2966. 6.11 

1750 

DR. 

To ballance of the Interest money reported 
to be in m}^ hands at the last Settle- 
ment in 1747 2176.19.8 

To moneys received of the Western Com- 
missioners for VictualUng the Horses 
&c reported at last Settlement to be 
deficient in their hands . . T. 1.5 

To moneys rec? of the Western Commis- 
sioners for Arming & Cloathing &c 
being the Sum reported to be in their 
hands 132.18.0 

To the ballance of moneys raised for Arm- 
ing & Cloathing the Horses reported 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 73 





to be in my hands at the last Settle- 






ment .... 




£171.19.6 


To 


Interest moneys on the 


20,000 and 






£40,000 recieved in the year 1748 of 






the several Counties Viz!^ 








Hunterdon 


90.00.6 






Burlington . 
Gloucester 


169.16.3 
94.16.0 






Salem .... 


198.12.0 




To 


Cape May .... 39.19.6 
more Interest Moneys rec? from the 


593.14.3 




Several Counties (to wit) 
Hunterdon 


. 129.19.0 






Burlington . 
Gloucester 


218.10.6 
. 155.l7.3i 






Salem .... 


144.10 3 






Cape May . 


28. 5.6 






677. 2.6 


£3759. 5.4^ 



CR. 

By the Governors Salaries and the several 
Officers of the Government and other 
Charges paid pursuant to the Act of 
Assembly for that purpose . . £3733. 6.2 

Memorandum that the Account of 1748 contained in 
the last page is included in this. It being then given 
in to the Assembly, but not Setled. 

1751 

DR. 

Province of New Jersey to Samuel Smith 
Treasurer of the Western Division. 

To Cash paid John Brick in full of his Cer- 

tiacate £18. 2.0 

To Joshua Bispham Ditto . . . 12. 6.0 



74 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 



[1752 



To Aaron Learning in full of his Certifi- 
cate 

To Ditto Another 

To Jacob Spicer in part of his Certif? 

To David Hall for two Pennsylvania Law 
Books By order of Assembly 

To my own Warran N Do 

To Ebenezer Hopkins his Certif' 

To Dan' Smiths Certif .... 

To Ditto another 

To Rich'' Smiths Certify . . . . 

To ditto another 

To the Governors Warrant N 120 . 



CK. 

1750 By Interest money from the County 
of Salem for 1750 . . £111. 2.0 
By ditto Cape May . 22. 4.0 



£18.12.0 
13.10.0 

7. 4.0 

3.13.6 
16. 0.0 
12.12.0 
15.16.0 
12.00.0 
15. 6.0 
11. 8.0 
250.00.0 

406.19.6 



£133. 6.0 



1.10.0 



1751 
By Cash received of W^ Clayton Esq one 

half the forfeiture of a Pedlar . 
By Interest money for 1751 from 

Salem . . . .15. 1.6 

Cape May . . . 14. 8.0 

Hunterdon . . . 35.10.0 

Gloucester . . . 43. 6.3 

Burlington . . . 64. 2.6 

232. 8.3 

367. 4.3 

Burlington Decemb' 16 1751 
Pursuant to the Governors Letter of the 10"' of Aug* 
last requiring me to transmit into the Secretary's 
Office at Burlington with all possible despatch the 



1752] AbMINiSTRATION OF GOVERIfOll BELCHER. 75 

Account of the Reciepts and payments made by me as 
Treasurer or by the Treasurer of the Western Division 
of New Jersey for the time being from the year 1726 
to that time I have collected the foregoing Ace'* from 
the year 1733 which is as far back as is in my Power 
to procure with certainty All of them (except my own) 
are from the Ace** D'^ in to the Assem^' by John Allen 
Esq but as the Settlem'^ from time to time made by the 
Council & Assembly are not entered ujDon them they 
are not so particular & exact as might otherwise have 
been expected 

I have recieved also of the Exchange Money of John 
Allen Esq Son of the late Treasurer Eight Bags and 
Bundles said to Contain in New BiUs and in old 
ragged and torn Bills the Sum of Three thousand and 
four pounds and Sixteen Shillings. 

Sam^ Smith 



Be it remembered that on the 16"' day of December 
1751 Samuel Smith Esq- Treasurer of the Western Di- 
vision of the Province of New Jersey personally 
Appeared before me Charles Read Esq"" one of the Jus- 
tices of His Majestys Supreme Court of Judicature for 
the said Province (Who being one of the People called 
Quakers) On His Solemn Affirmation which he took 
According to Law did Declare that The foregoing 
Provincial Acco*.' were Extracted from Accounts in 
possession of the Clerk of y'^ Gen! Assembly being 
from time to time delivered to them by the Treasurer 
of s^ Western Division & that the same so farr as Has 
been Transacted Since His own Appointment to the 
Office aforesaid is true Sam^ Smith 

Affirmed y*" Day & Year above Before me 

Cha Read 



fO ADMIXISTR.VTIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHKR. [1752 

Eastern Division, Treasurer's Accounts, from 
October 1734, to Octob^ 1751. 

Province of New Jersey. (To Andrew Johnston 
of the Eastern Division) from the time he 
was appointed Treasurer 

DR 

To Sundry Payments from Oct^ 1734 to Mar: 1738 Viz' 
His Excellency Governour Cosby, 

Sundry Warrants .... £807. 5.0 

His Hour Coll" Hamilton President 500. 0.0 

Chief Justice .... 600. 0.0 

Second Judge 110. 0.0 

Treasurer of the Eastern Division . 144.12.8 

Attorney Generall . • . . . 40. 0.0 

Clerk of the Council . . . 112.10.0 

Clerk of the Circuits . . 90. 0.0 

Door keeper of the Council . . 25. 0.0 

Signers of the Bills of Credit . . 80.0.0 

£2509. 7.8 

To Sundry Defeciences in the Interest of 
the £20,000 and the last £40,000, pay- 
able In 1735, 1736, 1737, & 1738 . 291. 6.9 





£2800.14.5 


To Sundry Payments from March 1738 to May 1710. Viz \ 


His Excellency Governor Morris Sun- 




dry Warrants 


£845. 6.0 


Gentlemen of the Council 


138.18.0 


Gentlemen of the Assembly 


457.16.0 


Chief Justice .... 


150. 0.0 


The Agent 


80. 0.0 


Eastern Treasui-ei' .... 


70. 0.0 


Second Judge 


70. 0.0 


Clerk of the Council 


45. 0.0 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOA'ERN'OR BELCHER. 77 

Attoraey Generall .... £30. 0.0 

Clerk of the Circuits . . . 35. 0.0 

Doorkeeper of the Council . . 17.10.0 

Doorkeeper of the Assembly . 17.11.0 

Serjeant at Arms to the Councill . 16.10.0 

Serjeant at Ai-mes to the Assembly 15. 6.0 

Hire of a Room for the Council . 20. 0.0 

Hire of a Room for the Assembly 30. 0.0 



2038.17.0 



To Sundry Payments from May 1740 to Nov^ 1742 Viz* 
His Excellency Governour Morris 

Sundry Warrants .... £1060. 0.0 
Gentlemen of the Council . . 57.18.0 

Gentlemen of the Assembly . . 437. 2.0 

Chief Justice 175. 0.0 

Agent, Salary . . £200. 0. 
Ditto, Ace" Disburs^ . 88.14.10 



288.14.10 
80. 0.0 

115. 0.0 

7.10.0 

46. 0.0 

10. 0.0 



Eastern Treasurer 

Second Judge 

Clerk of the Council . 

Attorney General 

Clerk of the Circuits 

Doorkeepers & Serjeants at Armes to 

the Council & Assembly . 55.14.0 

Clerk of the Assembly . . . 65.12.0 

Printer 46.14.0 

Ace"' of Expenses .... 43.12.0 

Hire of a Room &c foi' y'' 

Council . . . £3.15.0 

Ditto for the Assembly . 5. 0.0 

8.15.0 



An Eiror in a former Settlement . 9. 0.0 

Trustees for Victualling & Trans- 
porting the Forces Raised for His 
Majesty's Service on the Expedi- 



78 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BKLCHER. [1753 

tion to the West Indies, pursuant 
to an Act of Assembly passed in 
1740, £1000. 0.0 



3506.11.10 



To Sundry Payments from Nov^ 1742 to Nov' 1744 Viz^ 
His Excellency Governour Morris 

Sundry Warr*.« .... £1060. 0.0 

Gentlemen of the Council . . 45.18.0 

Gentlemen of the Assembly . . 385.10.0 
Chief Justice .... 150. 0.0 

Agents Salary . . . £180. 0.0 
Ditto Acc^.' . . . 34.19.8 



214.19.8 

Second Judge 67.10.0 

Eastern Treasurer , . . 90. 0.0 

Clerk of the Assembly . . . 64.16.0 

Doorkeeper of the Council . . 9. 6.0 
Doorkeeper & Serjeant at Amies to 

to the Assembly . . . 18.12.0 

Printer and bookbinder . . . 50.16.0 

Ace'.' of Expenses . . . 34.13.6 

Hire of a Koom &c for the Council . 6.15.0 

Ditto for the Assembly ... 9. 0.0 



2207.16.2 

To Sundry Payments from Nov^ 1744 to FeW 1747 Viz' 
Three months Salary from 23!^ June 
to 23'' Sep!' 1738, part to President 
Hamilton & Part to Gov' Morris Jr 

Warrant, which was Omitted . £125.00.0 

Chief Justice ^i[3 Warrant . . 25.00.0 

Second Judge . . . . . 7.10.0 

The Agent 20.00.0 

Eastern Treasurer .... 10.00.0 

Printer's Ace" .... 6.16.0 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHEE. 79 

The Com" appointed to Purchase Pro- 
visions for His Majestys Subjects at 
Cape Breton . . ... . £1000.00.0 

The Com'* for VictuaUing the Forces 
Raised for His Majestys Service In 
the Expedition against Canady . 1442.12.1^ 

Bounty money paid to three of y^ 
Company s on s"? Expedition, . 1800. 0.0 

Subsistance of s*? three Companys 
from the Day of Inhsting to the 
Day of Muster .... 308.14.9 

The Commissioners for a Second Sup- 
ply of Provisions for the Forces . 850. 0.0 

The Com""? for a third Supply of Pro- 
visions 1000. 0.0 

The Com" Appointed for Arming & 
Cloathing the Forces . . . T750. 2.3 



14345. 15. H 



To Sundry Payments from Feb""/ 1747 to Oct^ 1751 Viz* 
Exe" of Coll° Hamilton late President 

a Warrant £520. 0.0 

His Excellency Gov'' Belcher Sundry 

Warrants 1590. 0.0 

Gentlemen of the Council . . . 214.16.0 

Chief Justice 3G3. 1.4 

Gentlemen of the Assembly . . 1485. 0.0 
Eastern Treasurer . . . 105. 4.5 

Money advanced for Subsistance of 
the Forces after the Day of Muster 
to the time of Imbarkation for 

Albany 476. 5.0 

Second Judge Sundry Warrants . 156.17.0 

Agent Salary . ". . £270. 8.0 
Ditto Ace*.' Disb^.* . . 407. 7.5 

677.15.5 



80 



ADMINTTSTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 



[1752 



Clerk of the Councill 


. 


£123.18.4 


Clerk of the Cn-cuits 




15. 


0.0 


Coll" Schuylar for Provisions 


&c at 






Albany Supply'd the Forces, 


. 


623.17.8 


Clerk of the Assembly . 


. 


222. 


16.0 


Doorkeepers & Serjeants at An 


tnes . 


76.19.4 


Hire of Councill Chambers &c 




47. 


7.9 


Ace"* of Expenses 




48.17.3 


His Excellency Gov' Belcher 


more 






Warrants .... 




530. 


0.0 


Gentlemen of y^ Councill 


. 


25.10.0 


Eastern Treasurer 


- 


80. 


0.0 




7473. 


5.6 


Total Dr 


. 


£32373. 


0.0 


Contra C 









By Sundiy payments from Oct' 1734 to March 1738. 
Viz? 

A Tax Received from the Several 
Eastern County Collectors, for y'' 
Year 1734 . . . . . £540.13.0 
Ditto Received for the Year 1735 . 541.10.6 



£1082. 3.6 



Interest money Arising from the Loan 
of Bills of Creditt In the Eastern 
Countys, by Virtue of an Act of 
Assembly passed in the year 1723 
for Striking £40,000. payable, 1735 

Ditto by Virtue of an Act pased in the 
year 1730 for making £20,000 

Ditto payable in the year 1736 

Ditto ])ayable in the year 1737 . 

Ditto payable in the year 

1738 .... £462.18.9 



£14.10.41 

508. 9 
495. 4.3 
462.18.9 



l'J'53] ADMIlSriSTRATION OF OOVERXOK BELOHER. 81 

Ditto by Virtue of an Act 
pased in the year 1783 
for Making £-l-0, 000 . 954.18.0 

1417.16 9 



2899. 8.1^ 
Part of the Deficiencies ^ Contra Re- 
ceived 209.12.0 



£4191. 3.7i 

By Sundry Payments from March 1738 to May 1740 Viz* 
Deficiences in the Tax for y': Year 

1734 . . . . " . . £0.17.6 

Cash on Ace" of Sundry former Defi- 
ciences in the Interest Money . 262.15.8 
Interest of the £20,(^00 & the last 
£40,000 paya*: from the Eastern 
Countvs In 1739 .... 1417.17.0 



1681.10.2 



By Sundry Payments from May 1740 to Nov'! 1742 Viz* 
Part of a Ball*; In the late Treasurers 

hands £466. 8.6 

Part of Deficiences In former Interest 216.11.2 
Interest payable from the Several 

Countys In the year 1740 . . 1417.17.0 

Ditto payable In 1741 . . . 1417. lY.O 

Ditto payable . 1742 . . . 1417.17.0 

Cash from the Signers of the Bills of 

Credit Pursuant to an Act passed 

in 1740 1000. 0.0 



5936.10.8 



By Sundry Payments from Nov'." 1742 to Nov'.' 1744 Viz' 
Ball^ in the late Treasurers hands . £309. 6.4f 

7 



82 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERifOR BELCfiER. [1752 

Interest Money payable from the 

Eastern Countys in the year 1Y43 £1350. 3.4i 
Ditto Payable 1744 1282. 9.9 

2941.19.6i 

By Sundry Payments from Nov': 1T44 to Feb'^ 1747. Viz ^ 
Interest Money payable from the Sev- 
eral Eastern Countys in the year 

1745 £1214.16.1i 

Ditto payable in the year 1746 . 1147. 2.6 

Ditto payable .... 1747 . . 944. 1.7i 
Cash Rec'! from the Signers of the 
Bills of Credit Ordered to be Signed 
for Victualling the Forces Raised 
for His Majesty's Service on the 
Expedit" against Canady by an Act 
passed in 1746 .... 2000. 0.0 

Cash rec'^ from the Signers of the Bills 
Ordered for the Second Supply of 

Provisions 850. 0.0 

Cash Rec"! from the Signers of the Bills 
Ordered for the third Supply of 

Provisions 1000. 0.0 

Repaid by the Victualling Com""' be- 
ing a Ball^ in their Hands . . 191. 0.8i 
Cash Received from the 
Signers of Bills to be Ap- 
ply'd to Arming & Cloath- 
ing y*: Forces Raised for 
His Majesty's Service . £5000. 0.0 
Ditto from the Western 
Treasury by y*; hands of 
the Com" . . . 3475. 0.0 



8475. 0.0 



Cash Repaid by the Eastern 
Com'.^ Appointed for 
Armmg & Cloathing the 



1753] ADMIXISTRATIOX OF OOVERNOU BELCHER. 83 

Forces, being a ball^ in 
their hands . . . £99. 2.3 
Sundry Eemnants of Cloath- 
ing&c . . . 121.18.0 

£221. 0.3 



16043. 1.2i 



By Sundry Payments from feb^ 1747 to Octr 1751 Viz'. 
Interest Money payable from the Sev- 
eral Eastern County s In the year 

1748 741. 0.9 

Ditto payable In the the year 1749 537.11.9 

Ditto payable 1750 . 412. 9.0 

A former Deficiency in Somerset 

County 18. 3.0 

Interest Money payable . . 1751 277. 1.3 

1986. 5.9 



Total Cr £32780.10.11 

Be it remembered that on the second day of June 
1752 Andrew Johnson Esqr Treasurer of the Eastern 
Division of New Jersey Appeared before me Rob* 
Ogden Esq- and being duly Sworn Declares to the Best 
of his Knowledge that the above Account is a true 
State of the Receipts and payments by him from 
Octo"" 1734 to Oct!" 1751 Excepting that some Part of 
the Interest money for which he has Given Credit 
is Still Outstanding. An"? Johnston 

Borough of Elizabeth ss. 
Sworn the Day & year above written before me 

RoB^ Ogden 



84 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOB BELCHER. [1752 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Rev. Dr. George 
Wlutefield, England — upon religious subjects. 

I From Belcher Papers in I-ibrary of N. J. Hist. Soc.l 

Eliz: Town (N-J) June 28 1T52 

Dear Mr Whitefield & Worthy Sir 

Your Excellently good and religious Letter of the 
18*" of Oct. 1750 came to my hands the May following 
and which I had Answered long before now But that 
your Sudden Motions from place to place made me 
quite at a loss how to get a Letter in safety to you and 
I now Cover this to the Care of our good Friend Mr 
Bradford of Phil for its bettei- Conveyance. 

D' Sir how much have you disappointed great 
Numb" of your longing Friends by not making a 
Stride a Cross the Ocean from Carolina hither of 
which we were big with Expect" but we must Submit 
believing your great Master Steers & marks out your 
Paths so as shall best of all Contribute to the build'' up 
and Enlargement of His Kingdom of Grace here and 
thereby fitting Multitudes of Souls to be His Subjects 
in His Kingdom of Glory thro' the endless Ages of a 
Happy Eternity Amen. 

I thank youtho' I am quite Ashamed that any thing 
of mine shou'd pass under the Correct Eye of the Ex- 
cellent & pious Comitess of Huntingdon who is so 
Bright an Ornani: nay I may say a C-onsteUation in 
the Church of Christ here & who will (I doubt not) 
hereafter Shine as the Stai's for ever & Evl & now 
thro' your kind interposition I presume to Address 
Her Ladyship by the Inclos'd which I leave open for 
you to read & then Clap to the Seal and deliver it and 
this is an honour I shou'd not venture to do my Self 
but that 1 depend upon your Goodness to obtain Her 
Ladyships Pardon for the troul)le of this Nature. 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 85 

And before I go from this part of my Letter I wou'd 
say that I am told there is a Considerable intimacy 
between the last Dutchess Dowager of Somerset and 
Lady Huntingdon if so and you cou'd Conveniently 
mention it to Lady Huntingdon I wou'd venture to 
Congi-atulate the Dutchess of Somerset upon the Char- 
acter She so deservedly bears among those who are 
truly the Salt of the Earth I mean that Dutchess of 
Somerset who was not long since Countess of Hertford. 

And now, Sir, let me thank you once more for your 
kind & generous Concern for the Welfare of the Infant 
College in this Province w"*" I assure you creeps along 
with great difficulty — the Trustees chose M' Pember- 
ton the last Fall to take a Voyage to great Britain in 
favour of the College but when the thing came before 
his Church and Congregation they wou'd by no means 
be prevail'd upon to let him go. 

And this Spring M"" President Burr was pitcht upon 
for the same purpose but his fear of the small Pox and 
the difficulty of finding a person to take the Care of 
the College in his absence have rendered a Second 
Attempt in this matter abortive however we intend at 
the next Meeting of the Trustees to try if some other 
person can't be found for this Service which seems to 
me must be the dernier resort for Eucourageing and 
Establishing this New Seminary nor will I despair l)ut 
Conclude with the great Pharisaical D' if it be of God 
it cannot be overthrown I heartily ask your Prayers 
for its pi'osperity. 

O Sir as often as T read your ingenious A: pious Let- 
ters they rejoice my Heart and refresh my Bowels and 
I am particularly glad to find that you were at good 
Lady Huntingdon" with three other Clergy men that 
love and i)reach Christ Jesus & that you can give me 
the pleasing Account of several Instances where the 
Sovereign Grace of God has taken place in the Hearts 
of Persons of High Degree how pleasing is the pros- 
pect when such are posting to the Celestial Canaan 



86 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEHNOR BELCHER. [1752 

with theii' faces thitherward when it pleases God to 
set up His Kingdom in the Hearts of such he will 
Accomplish a great Tribute of praise and honour to his 
glorious Name. 

Proecepta docent Exempla cogunt. 

How sweet Sir must be your Meditation when your 
Soul rolls inward to Consider that you are Sincerely 
will^' to spend and be spent in the Cause of your 
Blessed Lord & Master and may you still go on in His 
Strength to win many Souls to Righteousness every 
one of which will be a bright Gem in the glorious 
Crown with w''' the Great God Man will wreathe your 
Temples in the great day of his appear^ Amen and 
Amen ! 

As to me your poor unworthy SinfuU Fr'' I abhor 
my Self in every view I can take and desire w"' faith 
and prayer humbly to fly to the Blood of the great 
Atonem^ to purge and Cleanse me from the Stains and 
guilt of Sin & that I may be Cloathed with the Spot- 
less Robe of the Righteousness of the Immaculate 
Lamb of God and at last be presented faultless before 
His Heavenly Father. I have more than Accomplish'd 
the measure of Human Life and daily find the decays 
of Nature thickning upon me let me then intreat & 
injoin you never to forget me when you more piivately 
besiege the Throne of Grace that I may be Constantly 
hungering & thirsting after the Righteousness of 
Christ and may finally approve my Self one of those 
Wise Virgins that took Oil in theii- Vessels with their 
Lamps that so when the bridegroom came were I'eady 
& went in with him to the Marriage Supper of the 
Lamb & thus my Friend wrestle with God for me and 
still more indear you to 

Reverend & Good Sii" 

Your greatly Oblig'd Friend & Sei'v' 

J. Belchek 

Mr Whitetield. 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 87 

To THE Right Honourable The Countess 
Dowager of Huntingdon 

Grace Mercy and peace be Multipl'd from God the 
Father & from the Lord Jesus Christ thro' the Influ- 
ences of tlie Holy Spirit. 

Madam 

While I take my Pen in hand and the freedom of 
Addressing your Ladyship to whom I am so much un- 
known it fills me with wonder & Surprize and yet 
when I consider the Account I have rec'' of your 
Humility and Condescending goodness to persons of 
Low degree I ask a thousand pardons and that you will 
let me depend upon your Ladyships goodness to for- 
give me indeed I shou'd not have presumd to have 
troubled your Ladyship with this Letter till I had thro' 
my Amiable Friend Mr Whitefield askd Your Lady- 
ship*" leave and the Errand of it is Chiefly to rejoice 
with your Ladyship in the account I have from many 
of my Friends in the abundant Measure of Grace with 
which it pleases God to favour and honour you in the 
Conduct of your whole life and which renders you so 
bright an Example and Ornament of the Christian Re- 
hgion & makes you so ready on all Occasions to es- 
pouse <Sz Build up (as much as in you lies) the Kingdom 
and Interest of the Dear Redeemer' This Madam dis- 
tinguishes you in the best and uncommon light being 
a Personage of such high Birth and Rank in the World 
for we are told Not many Mighty not many Noble are 
Chosen to be the Subjects of the Kingdom of Grace 
here and Heirs of the Kingdom of Glory hereafter- 
happy, therefore, thrice happy for your Ladyship that 
you have I doubt not secur'd the one thing needfull 
even an Interest in the saving Mercy of God thro' 
Jesus Christ. 

Alass most Excellent Lady of how little value are 



88 ADMIXISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

the Riches and pleasures of this Transitory Life when 
set in Contrast to the durable Riches and the never 
ending Joys that flow at the right hand of God for 
ever more. 

Allow me Honoured Madam to lay before you the 
Paragraph of a Letter I lately reced from a Serious 
Religious Friend it being I really beheve some descrip- 
tion of your Ladyships Case in the Religious World the 
Words are these "■ But how much real joy & pleasure 
is to be Experienced in a Life of Communion with God 
here, which none relish or form any Idea of but the 
Soul Sanctyfyd by the Divine Spirit & when he leads 
the Soul into intimate Converse with the Holy God & 
clears up the Evidence of its Adoption in the Number 
of the Child" of God in such Interviews with Heaven 
how is the Soul elevated & rais'd above every thing 
here below and the Joys possessing the Soul at such a 
time is an earnest of that Happiness & Joye into w''' 
the Believer enters at Death to be Compleated in the 
General Resurrection. 

This is a real truth, the Life of a Christian is a hid- 
den Life, it is so from a vain World, & it is hid with 
Christ in God. How secure & happy then is the be- 
liever under all the Changes & Trials that can happen 
to him in this Life for the Covenant of Grace fixes him 
in this Attitude that Nothing can be otherways than 
for his best good according to the Divine promise and 
when we shall enter the Heavenly Mansions where 
the Immense Volumes of Providence shall be opened 
to his view lie will then perceive the Beauty & Har- 
mony of all the Divine Dispensations and the Necessity 
thereof in Order to prepare him for that Blessed State 
and in the enlarged prospect of that Happiness he is 
now placed ni the full j3ossession of he will join the 
Heavenly Host in Ascriptions of praise to God & Christ 
for ever and ever. 

God in His great mercy grant that youi- Ladyship 



1752] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 89 

may live to an extended Age free from pain and Sick- 
ness and when in Gods best time the hour of Death 
Approaches may it be to you only an easy Transition 
from this vain Transitory Life to the Substantial & 
never ending Joys of the Paradise of God above & thus 
I remain 

Most Hon": Lady 

Your Ladyships Most Obedient 

& Most Humble serv* 

J. Belcher. 
Eliz: Town (N. J.) June 24: 1752 
Lady Huntington. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to President Burr — 
complimentinn hini on his marriage. 

[From Belcher Paper^' in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.J 

Eliz: Tow^n June 30 1752 
M"" President Burr 

Sir 

I have just now reced from you the pleasing notice of 
your entring into the Honourable State of Marriage 
with the ingenious & vii-tuous Miss Edwards a Daugh- 
ter of my Worthy & much esteem' Fr'' Mr. Edwards 
of Stockbridge in which I wish you all the Joys & Sat- 
isfaction which kindred Souls may reasonably hope 
for in such a Change of Life & may you Sir live long 
together in nmch Health & ease & as Heirs of the 
Grace of Life & in this My Wife heartily joins with 
me as also in our best Respects to good Mrs. Edwards 
v' now Mother in Law.' 



' For particulars relating to this marriage see Steams' First Church in Newark, 
p. 190, and letters from J. Shippen. .Jim., to his fatlier. iu Proceedings N. .1. Hist. 
.See, Vol. V, p. 169. 



90 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

Whenever it Suits your Conveniency we shall be glad 
to see you at our little Cottage in the mean time if the 
Season v^^ill allow we shall take the pleasure of visiting 
you at Newark — I am 

Eev'^ Sir Your very good Fr*^ 

J. Belcher 



Report to the Lords of the Committee of Council upon 
the draft of a Conindsion, for inquiring into the 
grievances in New Jersey. 

[From p. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 15, P. 375.] 

To the Right Hon^^® the Lords of the Com- 
mittee of His Majesty's most Hon:^^® Privy 
Council. 

Whitehall July 28', 1752 
My Lords 

Pursuant to your Lordships Order, dated the 7^!' of 
May last. We have taken into Our Consideration a 
Report made to your Lordships by His Majesty's 
Attorney and Solicitor General upon considering sev- 
eral Papers referred to them, relative to the great Riots 
& .Disturbances in His Majesty's Province of New 
Jersey, and also the Draught of a Commission pre- 
pared by them, for making Enquiry into the Causes 
of the Rise, Progress & Continuance of these Commo- 
tions, upon which your Lordships desire Our Opinion, 
and of the manner in which W'e conceive the said 
Commission maybe most properly carried into Execu- 
tion: Whereupon We beg leave to acquaint your 
Lordships, 

That We have in Our Report, dated the tirst of June 
1750, fully stated to your Lordships not only the Rise 
& Progress of the Riots and Disturbances which have 



1753] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERXOE BELCHER. 91 

been committed in that Province, but also the particu- 
lar Grievances which are alledged, in the Papers trans- 
mitted to Us from the said Province, to have been the 
causes thereof, with the Nature of the Grievances 
themselves, and therefore We humbly apprehend that 
the Object and View of this Commission, which is 
merely to enquire into the said Grievances independent 
of any questions which have a relation to Property, is 
thereby fully answer'd and that our Report contains 
all the Information which can possibly be derived 
from it. 

If however your Lordships should think it advise- 
able that such a Commission should be issued, We 
must beg leave to refer your Lordships to a Precedent 
of the like kind in the Colony of Virginia, upon Occa- 
sion of a Rebellion which broke out there in the year 
1670, when it was thought advisable that a Commis- 
sion should be given to three Persons sent from Eng- 
land to enquire into the grievances which had given 
rise thereto; And altlio' tiie Circumstances of that Case 
were not all similar to the present, yet the general 
view & object of the Commission was the same, and 
upon comparing the Commission for Virginia with 
the Conmiission now prepared by the Attoj-ney and 
SoUicitor General, your Lordships will find the Regula- 
tions and Provisions of both to be nearly the same. 
As to the manner of carrying this Commission into 
Execution, We are of Opinion it must be by the 
Appointment of such l^ersons to be commissioners 
as shall be men of known Prudence, Temper & 
Abilities; that these Commissioners should be chosen 
out of some of the neighbouring Colonies or sent from 
hence, as your Lordships shall judge most propei-, but 
We are inclined to think that Persons sent from hence 
would be the least liable to Suspicion of Interest, 
Prejudice or Partiality. As the Terms however of this 
Commission are very general. We would humbly pro- 
pose that proper Instructions should be given to the 



92 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

Commissioners, marking out to them the method in 
which they are to proceed in the discharge of their 
Trust, and the particular points to which it may be 
necessary they should direct their Enquiry. 

As to the questions which have arisen concerning 
the Property of Lands, as no Judgment or Determina- 
tion has ever been given in the Courts of Law there 
upon any one point, it was not possible for Us to state 
the same in our aforemention'd Eeport with that pre- 
cision which might enable your Lordships to form an 
Opinion thereupon, and We submit to your Lordships 
whether the Method proposed by the Attorney and 
Solicitor General of bringing the particular Claims to a 
final Determination in a judicial way, is not a very 
prudent and effectual one, & whether it is not advise- 
able that Instructions should be sent to His Majesty's 
Governor of the said Province conformable thereto. 
We are My Lords, 
Your Lordships most Obedient and most humble 
Servants, 

Dunk Halifax. 

Charles Townshend 

Andrew Stone. 

James Oswald. 

Ex'! 



Letter from Uovernor Clinton, of yew York, to 
Robert Hunter Morris, in England — leave of 
absence d(7iied. 

[From oripriiial in papers of R. H. Morris in Lihr.uy .if X. J. lli-t. Soc. Vol. 1. No. t-l. | 

The Hon^'" Rob* H: Morris Esq' 

Greenwich. i^«*. Julv 1 7:r2 
S-: 

To my great Surprize & disappointment, I received, 
by the Nebuchadnezar, a Letter from Lord Holder- 
nesse, signifying His Majesty's Commands (dated 80 



1752] A nMINTISTRATION OF OOVER?irOR BELCHER. ^S 

April) for me to remain in my Grovernment, and a hint 
that my Leave which expired r' Instant, would not 
be renewed. This you may imagine was a very great 
Shock to me, as all my Goods were on board the Cen- 
taur, and my time of sailing fixed to next Thursday, 
in Short, it laid me under such a Dilemma, that I was 
in doubt what to do, and believe I should have ven- 
tured to have gone away nevertheless, had not M' 
Alexander by his persuasions and arguments con- 
vinced me of the fatal Consequences of breaking the 
King's Orders, [tho I very much doubt His Majesty's 
knowing any thing of the matter. ]' 

I am positively assui^ed, that there must have been 
some clandestine dealings used, even to trick me out 
of my Leave, for from the 8(>"' of April (the date of his 
Lordship's Letter) I had full two months before it ex- 
pired; and what gives me more Surprize is the keeping 
the Order so secret, that not one of my Friends gave 
me the least intimation of it, tho' it had been whis- 
pered about here for this Month or Six Weeks past. 
The Livingstons and others here, have Letters from 
their Correspondents that the Lords Loodon, Kinowl, 
Hume, Tankerville, as w^ell as S' Thomas Robinson & 
S' Peter Warren are all laying in to supersede me. So 
that the very best and the only j)rospect I have of get- 
ting home is to quit my Government and Company, 
and very probably to a Person, disagreeable to me and 
my Friends here. 

It is not unlikely that the Ship, which brings over 
my Successor, may be ordered only to touch here to 
land him, and proceed on to the West Indies; [or some 
other service] What then can I do? divested of my 
Government, liable to the insults of a dareing Faction, 
and deprived of any means to get home, unless in a 



' The words within brackets were added in a duplicate letter bearing the same 
date.— Ed. 



94 ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

Merchantman much to the Discredit of His Majesty's 
Governor, my Family and the Rank I bear in the Navy. 

Only please S"", to reflect how much I am embar- 
rassed, and use your utmost endeavours jointly with 
all my Friends to extricate me, which I make not the 
least doubt you will do all in your power to accom- 
plish. I have wrote to M' Catherwood fully on this 
Subject, with whom you will be so good as to consult, 
what ways and means I may be relieved by. 

Your Favour from Bath of 12''' May I received and 
am Sorry for the occasion. I would have wrote this 
myself but am much indisposed. 

I am with great Truth S"^ 

Your very humble Servant 

G. Clinton. 

[The duphcate of this letter, with some additional 
matter, was received by Mr, Morris, in London, Oct. 
21, 1752, and bears this endorsement in his own hand- 
writing: "Octo. 25. Dined with Pownall of Sedge".^. 
at Gov Shirleys— in the course of y' conversasion 
Pownall said there was an Affid' come to the Board, 
that Ml" Clinton had taken Money for an office & that 
M' Holland had fort}'^ pounds for managing the Matter." 
—Ed.] 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Shippen, of Phil - 
adelphia — about sending an agent to England to 
solicit aid for the College. 

I From Belcher Papers in Library of X. J. Hist. Soc.J 

Aug. 8 1752 

Mr Shippen 

Sir 

I am sensible you are heartily engagd to promote 
the Welfare of our Infant College the Establishment 
and growth whereof will but ciawl along for many 



1752] ADMlNlStRATiON OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 95 

years to come unless some suitable person can be found 
to go Home and Solicit the Aid & benefactions of our 
Friends in England and Scotland and to this end I 
have wrote Mr. Hazard' that I think the Rev" Mr Ten- 
nent a very suitable person and I desire you to give 
him my kind Eespects and let him know I believe it 
the general Request of the Trustees that he wou'd un- 
dertake a voy^ in favo' of the College. 

You will remember that the ICr. of next mo. is to be 
the Commencem' at Newark * * * i hope you, 
Mr. Tennent & M' Hazard will not fail to come for it is 
high time to fix the place for building of the College 
and to put it forward without any further delay * * 
Sir your Friend & most Humble serv^ 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lord Hardwicke — 
about orders from the King. 

I From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Hoc] 

Aug 5 1752 

Lord Hardwicke 
May it phase your Lordship 

I did my Self the Honour of writing Your Lordship 
at large the 3: of Dec' last and which Mr Partridge ad- 
vises me was duly delivered and which was a particu- 
lar Answer to the honour of Your Lordships Letter of 
31 of Aug' preceding and in which Letter Your Lord- 
ship was pleas'd to write me of His Majestys late 
Order in Council part whereof was for the Issuing of 
" a Commission to Inquire into any Grievances of the 

' Similar letter to Mr. Hazard, of Philadelphia.— Ed. 



d6 ADMrNlSTRATTON OF oOYERKOU BELCHER. [1752 

people of this Province relating to their Possessions " 
this Commission and any other Order His Majesty had 
to give in this Affair I have heen impatiently Expect- 
ing from March last to this time but I have not rec*^ a 
word relating to it either from the Secretary of State 
or from the Lords Commissioned for Trade and Plan- 
tations for which I am very sorry as the whole Legis- 
lature and the people of the Province seem very 
desirous of the Kings Orders & till they arrive I think 
it v^rould be only prostituting the Kings honour and 
Authority to make new Attempts with the Assembly 
as to the long subsisting affair of the Rioters &c. & 
His Majestys Council are of the same way of thinking 
as will be seen by their Minutes which I duly Trans- 
mitted in May last to the Secretary of State and to the 
Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations. And 
till the Kings Orders Arrive I have no new footing to 
go upon with the Assembly or to Act with greater 
firmness & vigour as Your Lordship is pleased to 
mention, 

I doubt not but Your Lordship will have been ac- 
quainted that in a Session I held w^ith the Assembly in 
Feb' last the Council and they agreed in a Bill & to 
w*"' I Consented for raising money to pay all the Debts 
of the Province to Nov' next and if upon the Arrival 
of the King's Orders some good Law can be projected 
& passed for putt^ an end to Rioting this will soon be- 
come a happy and flourishing Province nor shall any 
thing in my power be left undone to Contribute 
to it. * * * * 

Thus My Lord I have taken the freedom to lay be- 
fore you the present State and Circumstances of this 
Province and of my care and fidelity to do every thing 
that lies with me for Supporting the Kings honour & 
Interest & I wou'd therefoi-e humbly hope for the Con- 
tinuance of Your Lordships Patronage and fav"" that 
Nothing may be done to my prejudice (and so to my 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 97 

Familys) Altho' I am inform'd that the young Mr, 
Morris is trying all the ways in his power to hurt me 
per fas aut ne fas or as the Poet sayes Flectere si 
nequeo superos, Achei-onta movebo 

I remain &c 
J Belcher. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Earl Granville — 
asking for contimied confidence. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J Hist. See] 

Eliz^ Town Aug 7, 1Y52 

Earle Granville 
May it please Your Lordship 

* * * I am now to ask pardon for the freedom I 
take of Addiessing Your Lordship at this time but so 
it is My Lord (and so Your Lordship is Sensible) that 
those who are Governours of His Majestys Plantations 
have many to please and let their Conduct be never so 
Cautious and Unacceptionable some will be displeased 
and of Consequence be striking at them with all the 
111 Offices in their power and this I understand is in 
some Measure the Case with me in this Province and 
that Mr Morris now in England and a Son of my late 
immediate Predecessor is using all his Arts & Chicanei'v 
to Misrepresent my Administration but I humbly hope 
Your Lordship nor any of the King's Ministers will 
give Ear to his Case and unjust Insinuations for I am 
My Lord & will be an honest Man Maugre the Malice 
& base Attempts of my petulant Enemies who have 
never yet had the Confidence openly and fairly to At- 
tack me well knowing that I have done to the LTtmost 
of my i)ower from my first Arrival to this Clovei'tim* to 
this time for Supporting His Majestys honour & In- 
terest & at same time for promoting the Welfare & 
8 



98 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCnER. [1752 

prosperity of His People & which are things very Com- 
patible and what His Majesty justly expects from all 
His good Serv*.* 

I was My Lord Advised the last fall from Whitehall 
that there wou'd soon be coming hither some Special 
Orders from the King respecting the Riots & Confu- 
sions w''' hath at times been Subsisting in this Prov- 
ince for a great Number of years past and which 
Orders I have been earnestly wishing for tfe so have 
the whole Legislature & the whole Province as hoping 
they may tend to an entire Suppression of the dis- 
orders & Tumults that have been too long & too fre- 
quent here and were this once Accomplished I believe 
New Jersey wou'd be as flourishing & as fine a Prov- 
ince for its bigness as any in His Majestys Dominions. 
I again therefore earnestly wish the above mention*^ 
Orders may soon Arrive. 

It was My Lord a privilege under Nero one of the 
Roman Tyrants that a Subject shou'd not be Con- 
demnd unheard with how much greater Confidence 
then may an Enghsh Subject depend upon such a 
privilege under the reign of the Wise, just and Gra- 
cious Administration of His Britannic Majesty and 
enjoy the benefit of the Salutary Laws of His King- 
dom if therefore My Lord any thing shou'd be object(^d 
to my Administration I think I may justly Expect to 
be serv'd with an Authentick Copy of it with full time 
to be allowed me to make Answer before there may 
be any Censure or Opinion made out against me and 
to this end Jet me humbly pray for Your Lordships 
favour & Countenance. 

I always am with the highest Deference and Respect 
My Lord Your Lordships 

Most Gracious &c 
J. Belchek 



1752] ADMINTSTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 09 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lord Halifax — about 
the affairs of the Province. 

fFrom Belcher Papers in LiVjrary of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz:Towx Au^e 1Y52 
Lord Halifax 

May it please Your Lordship 

I think I did my Self the honour of writing Your 
Lordship in December last on the Affairs of this Prov- 
ince and which I understand was put into Your Lord- 
ships Hands— but Notwithstanding the hopes I at that 
time Conceived of rec*^ His Majestys Especial Orders 
relating to the Affairs of this Province I have not to 
this day heard any thing of them either from the 
Secr'y of State or from Your L(jrdships Hona''''^ Board 
altho' the whole Legislature and the people of the 
Province in general have been earnestly wishing to 
receive them hoping they may have a Tendency to put 
an end to the Riots and disorders that have at one time 
& another (foi- nearly fifty years past) been subsisting 
in this Unhappy Province. 

Some months agoe I forwarded to Your Lordship* 
office the Journals of the Meeting of the Assembly of 
this Province in Feb. last wherein the Council agreed 
on An Act to raise Money for Paym' of all th(i [Prov- 
ince debts to Nov' next to which I consented & if upon 
the Arrival of the King' expected Orders some Meas- 
ures shou'd be enterd into by this Legislature for Sup- 
pressing the Tumults & disorders that have been too 
long & too frequent in this G-ovc^rnment I believe New 
Jersey will soon become a flourishing and happy Prov- 
ing I therefore once more beg of Your Lordship that 
such Orders may be Expedited. 



100 ADMIXISTKATIOX OF GOVERNOR Bt.LCHER. [1752 

I doubt not but Your Lordship has seen what I 
Transmitted to Your Honourable Board of one Simon 
Wickoff who stood Committed for High Treason at 
His Majesty' Goal at Amboy being delivered therefrom 
in a Riotous manner upon which I Summon"* His 
Majesty" Council in Order to have their Advice and 
Opinion what Steps wou'd be proper to take in such 
an Extraordinary Affair & whether to Call the Assem- 
bly together but Your Lordship has before this seen 
that they tho't it Advisable to do nothing in the mat- 
ter till His Majesty Orders above mentioned shou'd 
Arrive and which on my part I shou'd gladly carry 
into Execution to the Utmost of my power for the 
best Support of His Majesty' Authority and Interest in 
this Province and for promoting the Welfare & pros- 
perity of the people and which things I have made the 
Cardinal points of my Administration. And while I 
mention this Your Lordship will please to allow me to 
say that let the King" Gov" Abroad Conduct their 
Administration never so Cautiously yet there will be 
some who deliglit in Mischief that will be Carping and 
this I am told is in some Measure my Case I wou'd 
therefore humbly beg of Your Lordship not to make 
any partial Censure or Opirfioo upon my Administra- 
tion from the Insinuations of such Whisperers who 
t^haps wou'd never be easy unless things wouYl be just 
according to their Mistaken Fancies and Imaginations. 
My Lord you are sensible that even under Nero one of 
the Rojnan Tyrants a Man was never to be Condemnd 
unheard surely then every One living under the Gov- 
ernm' of His British Majesty who is a pattern foi' all 
Christendom of Wisdom, Justice and Clemency can- 
not be hurt in his Character or Interest by the base- 
ness of his Enemies without being Serv'd with an 
Authentick Copy of any Complaint & time Sufficient 
given him to make Answer thereto and as Your 



1753J ADMINISTRATION OF rTOVERNOR iSKLOHEK. lOt 

L'"ship has the great honour of bemg Fam'd for Your 
Justice Probity and ImpartiaHty let me humbly ask it 
of you as a favour that the purport of this Letter may 
have its due Weight with Your Lordship w^hen any 
Attempt may be made with You to my prejudice and 
which will always oblige me to be & remain as I am 
with all possible Esteem & Respect 

My Lords, Most obed'. 

J Belcher 



Message of Governor Belcher to the Council — relating 
to the admission of L. M. Ashfield to their body. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Elizabeth Town Aug. 11 1752 

Gent"^ of the Council 

After what I said to you in Oct' last & is on the 
Council Minits I am Surprised at the Motion made 
yesterday by M' Alexander relating to the King's Man- 
damus for Admitting M' Ashfield into the Council with 
which I once more tell you, you have no business or 
Concern nor will I hear anything from you about it 
this I say to save yourselves or me any further trouble 
and if you are minded to show that Young Gen" any 
Respect I wou'd Advise you to teach him his Duty in 
this matter to the King's Governour and when he 
practices it he shall have my Ans'. 

J Belcher 



102 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade 
— urging the trruisniission of orders front the King. 

(From a copy amoug the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Aug^ 13 1752 

To the Lords of Trade 

May it please Your Lordships 

I wrote you the 9. of June past since which I have 
not the hon' of any of your Lordships. 

I am now to Advise your Lordships that I met 
His Majesty's Council the 10. Ins' and what was then 
and there Transacted your Lordships will find in the 
inclosed Minits of Council, whereby your Lordships 
will see that it is their Opinion that it wou'd be fruit- 
less to call the Assembly to lay before them any thing- 
Respecting the Riot or to Order a prosecution of any 
of the Rioters untill His Majesty shall be pleased to 
send His Especial Orders therein and this I think will 
Convince your Lordships of the necessity of Expedit- 
ing such Orders. 

I have the Pleasure of Informing your Lordships 
that the publick del)ts of the Province are all punctu- 
ally paid up to this time that there is peace and Tran- 
quillity among the People, in all things the Affair of 
the Rioters Excepted 

I have the honour to be with great Respect 

My Lords Your Lordships Most obedient 
& Most Humble Servant. 

J. Belcher. 

[In a letter of the same date to Richard Partridge he 
said: * * * '* By late Letters I have had I have all 
possible reason to believe that Morris [Robert Hunter 
Morris] is making his Utmost efforts to have me re 
moved you must therefore wait upon the Prime Min- 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 103 

ister and all my Frd^ you think may be of Service to 
prevent his gratifying his Malice."] 



The Minitts of the Council of the Province of 
New Jersey on the 10*'' & 11*^ of August 1752 

At a Council held at Elizabeth Town on Mon- 
day the Tenth of August 1752 

PRESENT 

His Excellency the Governour The Hono*.'® 
James Alexander, Andrew Johnston James 
Hude — Peter Kemble Esq'"' 

His Excellency made the following Speech to 
the Council 

Gentlemen of the Council 

" This being one of our Stated Quarterly Meetings 
"I shall be glad to hear any thing you have to offer 
" for His Majestys Service as for the good of the Prov- 
"ince and I wou'd now more particularly ask your Ad- 
" vice and Opinion whether it maybe necessary or 
" Expedient soon to meet the Assembly to see whether 
' ' the Governour Council and Assembly can fall into 
"any Act or Acts for the Better Suppressing the 
"Riots and disorders which has disturbed the peace 
" of the Province for a great Number of years past 
" (long before my Arrival). 

"And also to have your advice whether it may be 
" best to give Orders for an Especial and Speedy prose- 
"cution of such as have been or may be Apprehended 
" for Breaking open the Kings Goals of the Province 
"in these things I say I shall be glad of your advice 
"and am always ready Chearfully to join with you lq 



l04 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

" such measure as may be judgd will most of all 
' ' Contribute to the Establishment of the i^eace and 
"Tranquihty of the Province." 

J Belcher 
Elizabeth Town August 10: 1752 



The Council taking the same into Consideration are 
of Opinion that there is no reason to hope for any Suc- 
cess from any Application to the Assembly in Respect 
to the Riotts untill His Majesty shall be pleased to send 
His Especial Commands therein and therefore cannot 
His Excellency to call the Assembly on that Account 
only That as to the prosecutions they are of Opinion 
that His Majestys Attorney General shou'd proceed 
according to the known Laws of the Land and that 
they see no Room to give any particular direction 
therein. 

A Petition from the Mayor Recorder Aldermen and 
Common Council of the free borough of Elizabeth in 
behalf of themselves and others the Inhabitants within 
the said Borough to have their Charters Altered & 
some further Privligdes &c^ was read. 

A Petition of Joseph Bonney and his Letter of the 
20"' of July was read. 

The Council are of Opinion that Neither His Excel- 
lency or the Council can do any thing in Respect to 
the Petition of Joseph Bonney without aid of the Leg- 
islature that for anything that appears there may be 
relief for him in the Courts of Justice. 

The Council taking into Consideration the Petition 
of the Mayor Recorder Scc'\ of the Free Borough of 
Elizabeth are of Opinion that the same be referred to 
M'. Alexandr M": Hude M': Johnston M": Kemble M": 
Ogden or any three of them and that the Petitioners or 
some of them have Notice to deliver to the Committee 
a Draught of the Charter they Petition for. 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHEH. 105 

His Excellency was pleased to Nominate John Roye 
and Ichabord Tompkins as Justices of the Peace in the 
County of Somerset to whom the Council agreed. 

Orderd they be added to said Commission. 

Also Nominated Stephen Crane and Timothy White- 
head to be Justices of the Peace for the County of Es- 
sex to which the Council agreed : 

Ordered that they be added to the Commission for 
said Countys in Rank according to their Appointments. 

His Excellency by advice of Council signed the fol- 
lowing Warrants. 

N? 200. To himself for a Quarters Salary due 

this day 250. 0.0 

201. To himself for a Quarters House 

Rent due this day . . . 15. 0.0 

202. To the Hono^-*' James Alexander 

Esq' forty one days attendance in 
Council between the 7. of Octo- 
ber 1743 & the 18: November 
1743 12. 6.0 

203. To the Hono*'!'' James Alexander 

Esq' for one hundred and Seventy 
two days Attendance in Council 
between 29: of March 1749 to 
February 14: 1752 . . . 51.18.0 

204. To the Hon'^.'*' John Reading Esq': 

for forty three days Atendancein 
Council in September and Octo- 
ber 1751 6. 8.0 

205. To Samuel Nevill Esq!^ Second Jus- 

tice of the Supreme Court for 
Attending the Supreme Court at 
Burhngton in May 1752 and for 
Holding the Court of Nisi Prius 
and Court of Oyer & Terminer in 
the County of Hunterdon on the 
Third Tuesday in May 1752 . 10. 0.0 



106 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

206. To Ditto for his Salary as Second 

Judge of the Supream Court from 
the 10: of May to the 10: of Aug- 
ust 1752 6. 5.0 

207. To Charles Read Esq- for a Quarters 

Salary as Clerk of the Council for 

the Quarter ended this day . 7.10.0 

208. To Ditto for a Quarters Salary as 

Third Justice of the Supream 
Court for the Quarter ended this 
day 6. 5.0 

209. To Joseph Warrell Esqr for a Quar- 

ters Salary as Attorney General 

for the Quarter ended this day 7.10.0 

210. To Andrew Johnston Esq- for a 

Quarters Salary as One of the 
Treasurers of the Province for the 
Quarter ended this day . . 10.00.0 

211. To Samuel Smith Esq!' foi" Quarters 

Salary as one of the Treasurers of 
the Province for the Quarter end- 
ed this day .... 10.00.0 

212. Samuel Smith Esq'" for Copying the 

Votes of the General Assembly 
and the Laws passed in the Ses- 
sions at Burlington in September 
and October 1751 Also for Pens, 
Ink & Paper .... 10.18.0 

213. To John Smith a Quarters Salary as 

Clerk of the Circuits for the Quar- 
ter ended this day . . . 5.00.0 

214. To William Bradford in full of his 

Account allowd .... 141. 1.0 

215. To Ditto for One Hundred and Sixty 

Bound Books of the Laws of the 
Province as l^' Act of General 
Assembly .... 200.00.0 



1752] ADAIIKISTRATION OF GOVERXOR BELCHER. 107 

21(). To Anthony Elton for a Quarters 
Salary as Door keeper to the 
Council for the Quarter ended 
this day 2.10.0 

M!" Alexander acquainted His Excellency that Lewis 
Ashfield Esq^ was at the Door attending with his 
Majestys Mandamus to His Excellency for Swearing 
and admitting him One of His Majestys Council of this 
Province with a Certificate of his Acquital by due 
Course of Law of what he had been Chargd with and 
allegd as Reason for the Delay of his Qualification and 
prayd that he might be calld in. 

His Excellency adjourned the Council to Meet to 
morrow morning at Ten O'Clock. 

TUESDAY AUGUST 11: lY52 

The Council Met Present His Excellency the Gov- 
ernor The Hon^-^ James Hude, Andrew Johnston & 
Peter Kemble Esq'-* 

His Excellency gave the following Answer to the 
Motion of James Alexander Esq'" of yesterday. 
Gentlemen of the Council 

"After what I said to you in October last & is on 
"the Council Minits I am Surprized at the Motion 
"made yesterday by Ml" Alexander relating to the 
" Kings Mandamus for admitting M'.' Ashfield into the 
"Council wV w'^:'' I once more tell you, You have no 
"Business or Concern nor will I hear anything from 
"you about it this I say to save Yourselves or me any 
"further trouble and if you are minded to show that 
" Young Gentleman any Respect I would advise you to 
"teach him his Duty in this matter To the Kings 
"Governour and when he practices it he shall have 
"my Answer." 

J Belcher 
Elizabeth Town August 11: 1752 



108 ADMlJflSTRATrON OF GOVRKXOR BELCHER. [1752 

His Excellency laid before the Board for their Con- 
sideration a Charter proposed for the Incorporation of 
the Five Dutch reformd Churches in the Counties of 
Middlesex, Somersett and Hunterdon w'^" being Read 
It is Orderd that it be Referrd to their next Quarterly 
meeting and that in the mean time the Secretary do 
procure the Statute of Mortmain. 

Compared w'!' Minitts of Council of the Province of 
New Jersey of w''" this is a true Copy 

August 12, 1752 Cha Read D Secr^ 



Letter from Goveruor Belcher to Messrs. Belcher and 
Foye, Massachusetts, about the promotion of 
manufactures. 

[From Papers of Gov. Belcher in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Aug 19. 1752. 

Mess"" Belcher & Foye 
Gent" (Extract.) 

I am fully in opinion with you and my other Friends 
in New England that there is no Wiser or better Meas- 
ure to go into for retrieving the Miserable Circum- 
stances of your Province than to promote Manufactures 
among Your selves and at same time to be practising 
Economy and all possible Frugality and I have often 
wondered that Gentlemen of Substance have not long 
before this Set up a Glass House for which you are 
much better Accomodated than any one can be in this 
Province where such a work has already turn'd out to 
great Profit. 

But you put me upon a Hard Task to procure you 
any Tolerable Information as to the Carrying on of those 
Works here in wliich the Managers are very close and 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 109 

Secret however I will take all the prudent Steps I can 
to make you an Answer in tliis matter and to get a 
Sample of the Clay you mention but as I am here at a 
great distance fi'om those Works it will require time to 
Obtain what I desire for you. * * 
I am Sirs Yours &c. 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Alford, of 
Boston — thanking him for a subscription to the 
College — nianufactare of glass, etc. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Elizabeth Aug* 24 1752 
Col Alford Boston 

My ivorth Friend 
Sir 

* ■" As head of the Trustees of our little College I 
do in their Names most heartily thank you for your 
kind & generous Subscription for the Encouragement 
& better Establisem* of this Seminary put forward I 
believe for ]jroraoting the honour & interest of the 
Kingdom of the Blessed Jesus as well as fen' giving an 
Opportunity to the Inhabitants of this & the Neigh- 
bouring Provinces to Improve themselves in Religion 
& Human Literature. Pi-ay make my Compliments 
to Mr [James I Allen with the rest of the Subscribing 
Benefactors and I pray God to Reward this their good 

Will and bounty plentifully into their own Bosoms, 

* * ■::- vr ■::- -;<• -;:- * 

I have begun to make Inquiry about the Glass Works 
in this Province w'^'' are 130 miles from this Town & 
as I know no proper person near them capable of get- 
ting the Information you desii'c^ I have hardly a lean 



110 ADMIN-ISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

hope of rendring you any Service in that matter in 
which the Undertakers are very close & Secret. I was 
well Acquainted with one Caspar a German who lived 
at Phil-' and was the first and principal Undertaker of 
the Glass Works in this Province and with whom I 
discours'd particularly about them (5 years ago) and he 
Complained to me that the Clay for the Furnace 
Bottoms was but poor and often gave way to their 
great damage and Complain'd also that they cou'd not 
make their Glass so Clear and strong for want of Help 
their Works being near two hundred miles from any 
Quantity of it. 

This Caspar is lately dead and from a very poor man 
rais'd and left a Fortune of 20. or 30,000 £ Str. I have 
had from others Engag'd in the Works the same Com- 
plaint of want of proper Materials for the Mettle and 
for the Furnace and as I i-eally think there can be no 
good & honest Intelligence gain'd from those Under- 
takers were I to Advise you, you shou'd send to Lon- 
don for a Head Operator & 2 or 3 Skilfull Assistants 
and at same time to bring with them a Quantity of 
Sturbridge Clay for your Bottoms if it can by any way 
or meanes be got aboard a Ship for its Exportation is 
prohibited upon a great Penalty and yet my Fr'^.^ Con- 
trived to send me 3 or 4 Hh'?* about 30 years agoe for 
the Bottoms of my Copper Furnaces & w'^'' bad defy- 
ance to the Hottest fire but it was a very Chargeable 
thing to get. 

I am told a Glass Undertak*-' is going forw'^ at N. 
York & that about a Month agoe they had 5 Skilfull 
Work men came to them from Holland or London. 
Hono^'" Sir Y' Assured Fr^' &c. 

J. Belcher 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. Ill 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade- 
relative to his not admitting Lewis Morris Ash- 
field to a seat in the Council. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. 13.J 

Elizabeth Town N J September 15 1752 

May it jjlease Your Lordships 

Although I have once and again, wrote Your Lord- 
ships, respecting the King's Mandamus, for Swearing 
and Admitting M' Lewis Morris Ashfield; to be one of 
His Majestys Council of this Province, and that an 
Indictment for a Misdemeanor, lay against him in One 
of the Kings Courts here, and which I judg'd a reason- 
able Obstacle, against his being Admitted, but from the 
said Indictment, he was Acquitted — in March last, — 
through a mear Criticism in the Law, although I sup- 
pose there was hardly a person present, but beheved 
him truely and really guilty, of the Substance of that 
Indictment; and I think it proper, now to forward to 
your Lordships — 

A letter from the Judge who tryd the matter As also 
the Kings Attorney General' Notes, of some Particulars 
that past at the Tryal. 

These things I pray your Lordships to read, and Con- 
sider. 

As also M' ^\'illiam Morris' Affirmation, relating to 
tlie said Lewis Morris Ashfield^ rude, and Indecent 
Treatment of His Majesty, in the Person of His Gover- 
nour. 

And the said Lewis Morris Ashfield' Recognizance, 
For his good Behaviour. 

These things. May it please Your Lordships, being 
duly weighed, I cannot but Suppose, You will be fully 
in Opinion with me, that they are a Just and reasona- 



112 ABMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1752 

ble Bar, against his setting in Council in this Prov- 
ince. 

T our Lordships w^ill also please to remember that he 
is a Resident in East Jersey, and yet stands in Nomi- 
nation to fill up the Vacancy, of a Member wanting in 
West Jersey, and which Your Lordships will find, 
directly Contrary to His Majestys 6"' Instruction to 
me; I therefore again hope upon the whole, Your 
Lordships will so far Support the Honour, of the 
King' Government here, as not to let The King's Laws, 
and the King's Governour be so Vilely treated, by the 
Mad freaks of this young Man in which if he be En- 
courag'd it must Naturally tend to the Subversion of 
good Order, & Government. 

I have the Honour to be, with great Respect 
My Lords Your Lordship's 

Most Obedient & Most Humble Serv* 

J Belcher 



Notes of Mr. Warrell, the King^s Attorney General 
— upon the Trial of Mr. Leivis Morris Ashfield, 
received September 15th, 1752. 

I From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 7, II. 10. | 

Notes received from the Attorney General re- 
specting M'' Ashfiek? Tryal & Acquittal 

Tis true by a Nice Distinction in Law he was Ac- 
quitted of that part of the Indictment relating and 
speaking the Identical Words as strictly laid therein 
but as he was Convicted of that part that Related to 
a Notorious Breach of the Peace by an Assault & Bat- 
tery on One of the Evidences a Sworn Constable in the 
performance of his Duty came to Reprimand him for 
his Irregular & Outragious Behaviour. 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCHER. 113 

Thai it appeared thro' the whole Course of his Tryal 
that he was far from being a Man worthy of a Seat at 
His Majestys Council Board and this may appear by 

His coming from his own Bouse with his two 
Drunken Companions in the publick Road on the 
Lords day and at the time of Divine Service knowing 
that a Congregation of Anabaptists were then at their 
Meeting House at Eeligious Worship that his Outra- 
gious Behaviour was within the hearing of the said 
Congregation 

His gross Vulgar & unseemly Language to the Con- 
stable at first he mistook to be a Justice of the Peace 
Such as you M' Black Packet are you not a pretty 
Devil of a Justice Scc^ and when he was informed he 
was but a Constable Calling him back to Abuse him 
and asking him in a Taunting Manner what was to 
pay for Swearing and what was the fine telling him 
One of his Companions had Swore an Oath & he wou'd 
pay for him and pulling out a Six Shilling Jersey Bill 
and urging the Constable to take it telling him he need 
not give back any Change for that he intended to 
Swear the remainder of the Bill out and so he did. 

And it appeard by Ashfield? own Witnesses that he 
& his two Companions were all much in Liquor but 
Ashfield the least of the three 

J B 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade 
— in reference to the suggested revision of the 
Laws. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. 7, H. 2.i.J 

Elizabeth Town (N J) October 10'!' 1752. 

May it please Your Lordships 

My last was of the 14: of September', to which, (and 
to many others, which I have for some time past wrote 



' The Orig' dated 15 Sept see H. 13. Duplic do 14 Sep"' see H. : 
9 



114 ADMI^^ISTRATION OF GOVERXOR BELCHER. [1752 

Your Lordships,) I shou'd be glad of an Answer from 
Your Lordships at Your leisure, in the meantime, I 
am to own the honour, of Your Lordships Letters, of 
April 2S".', and June 3'? last past, and which came to 
my hands but yesterday, with two Additional Instruc- 
tions, dated Whitehall 16^" of April past. 

One of them, in Consequence of His Majesty's Order 
in Council of 11 'l' of March last. Signifying to me, that 
it is His Majesty's express Will & pleasure, that I 
shou'd for the future, Transmit to Your Lordships 
only, all things relating to the Province of New Jersey, 
(except as therein excepted). 

The other, respecting a Revisal of the Laws of this 
Province wherein it is said, that it is His Majestys Will 
& Pleasure, that I shou'd jointly with the Council and 
Assembly, of His Majestys Province of New Jersey, 
forthwith Consider, & Revise the Laws of the said 
Province, in order to frame and pass a Compleat, and 
well digested Body of New Laws &c^ 

To the first of these. His Majestys Instructions, I 
shall My Lords, dutifully Conform my Self on all 
Occasions. 

As to the other, as the Council & Assembly, are to 
act Jointly with me, I shall first of all. Communicate 
.the Instruction to His Majesty's Council, at their 
Stated Meeting the 21^.' of next Month, and then take 
their Opinion, as to the time of Calling the Assembly 
together, to Communicate the said Instruction to them. 

As also the Copy of an Act, Your Lordships have 
sent me, pass'd in Virginia in April IT-iO, for a Revisal 
of the Laws of that Colony, and Your Lordshijjs may 
assuredly depend, I shall Advise in tliis difficult Affair, 
with His Majesty's Council, and do all, and everything 
in my power, (Consistent with reason and prudence) 
that the said Instruction may take Effect, in the better 
Support of His Majestys Authority, and Interest in 
this Province, and for the better Establishment of the 
Prosperity of His People. 



1752J ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 115 

But I must early Inform Your Lordships, that so it 
happens, that the Acts, & Laws of this Province, from 
the Surrendry of the Government from the Proprie- 
tors, To the Crown, have been lately Eevised, and Re- 
printed, this present year, at a Considerable Expence, 
and bound up in two to three hundred Volumes, and 
this I am afraid will be thrown in the way, as a rea- 
son * -5^ * why they may not Conform themselves 
to this Instruction. 

I take a very particular Notice, of what Your Lord- 
ships say, in Your Letter of 3: of June, respecting his 
Majestys Instructions in General, to His Governours 
of His Plantations in America, and wou'd say as to 
my Self, that I question, whether any one of His 
Majestys Governours on the English Continent, 
reads and observes the Body of His Instructions, so 
often, and with so much Care and Circumspection as 
I do, and yet they cannot all of them at all times, 
be literally and exactly Conformd to. yet I shall when 
any Extraordinary Case happens, avoid deviating 
from them, without Applying to Your Lordships, for 
previous directions, how to proceed in such a diffi- 
culty, and when at any time, the Assembly go into a 
Method of passing any Law, Inconsistent with His 
Majestys Instructions, I shall lay before them, what 
You now write me on that head, and do all in my 
power, to divert them from such a Manner of Pro- 
ceeding. 

As to such parts of His Majesty's Instructions, as 
from the Alteration of Circumstances, or through 
length of time, are become Obsolete, Useless, or Im- 
proper, I shall in such reasonable time, as it may re- 
quire, Kevise & Consider aU His Majesty's Instructions 
lying by me, and humbly report to Your Lordships, 
such of them, as I think may bear the Epithets You 
have mentioned, and at which time, I believe I shaU 
readily gain the honour, of Your Lordships being in 



116 ADMINISTRATION^ OF GOVERXOK BELCHER. [175'^ 

Opinion with me, that Several of the Instructions now 
lying by me, are not so well adapted or Calculated, as 
they might be for this Province, in its present Situa- 
tion and Circumstances. 

I have the honour to be with great Esteem & Respect 
My Lords Your Lordships 

Most Obedient & Most Humble Servant 

J Belcher 



Letter from John Ayscough, Secretary to Governor 
Clinton, New York, to Robert Hunter Morris, 
London — about Provincial affairs. 

[Prom Papers of R. H. Morris in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc, Vol. I, No. 47.J 

Fort George [New York] 24^" November 1Y52 

The Hon^'« Robt. H. Morris Escf 

S': 

His Excellency being taken very ill Lust Night with 
his old Disorder, and as the Ship is just upon sailing, 
orders me to acquaint you that he acknowledges the 
receipt of your kind Letter of !»"' of October, by 
Bryant' last Munday, for which he returns his Thanks. 

He much ai)i)roves of your Advice of having a pub- 
lick hearing by Council, if the Lords of Trade should 
send up a Representation upon Wraxall's Complaint," 
which should they do, he thinks it would be the 
greatest Ungenerosity, especially before they had given 



• Capt. William Bryant was quite a distinguished personage for several years, 
being one of the few regular traders between the old and new world. His tomb- 
stone is yet standing, although in a dilaiiidatetl state, in St. Peter's Churchj-ard, 
Perth Amboy, and records the fact of his having made fifty -five voyages between 
New York and Loudon. See notice of his family in Contributions to the Early His- 
tory of Perth -Vmboy, p. 1 15, and New York Papers of July 17th. 177"->.— Ed. 

' Of not having been admitted by Gov. Clinton to the office of Town Clerk, etc., 
of Albany. See N. J. Col. Docts., Vol. VI.— Ed. 



1752] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. lit 

him the least Notice of it, that he might have had it 
in his power to vindicate his Conduct, and nc»t to have 
given their Judgements previous to having heard 
what he had to say on it. As to that Board being dis- 
pleased with him, it gives him very little uneasiness, 
he being not in the least conscious of deserving it, and 
as to the Person they send out to succeed or supercede 
him, I believe it is equally indifferent to him, could he 
but get home, for in short this Climate is as disagreea- 
ble to his Constitution as the People of it are different 
from his way of thinking, for which reason he begs 
you would let slip no opportunity to procure his Leave 
of Absence as soon as possible, For if Lord Halifax is 
determined, that none but a Nobleman of Fortune, In- 
tegrity and Understanding shall be his Successor, he 
fears it will be long enough before his Lordship can 
procure such a Person to accept of so much inevitable 
Trouble and Anxiety as he will be certain to meet 
with here in the Administration if they receive no 
more Redress and Assistance from home than he has. 
By this opportunity his Excellency presses his Leave 
of Absence to Captain Clinton for the above reasons. 
'* ^ "" His Excellency sends the Minutes of the last 
Session of the Assembly to M' Catherwood where you 
will see we mett and parted without disagreeing & 
Upon their promising to provide for Indian Affairs 
next Session he has appointed and issued out a Com- 
mission for Commissioners of Indian Affairs. 
I am S'' Your most obedient 

and very humble Servant 

Jn° Ayscough 



118 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 



[1753 



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120 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 



Letter from Governor Clinton, of Neiv York, to Robert 
Hunter Morris — enclosing a notice of Chief Jus- 
tice De Lancy. 

[From original, among papers of R. H. Morris in the Library of N. J. Hist. Mann 
scripts, Vol. I, No. 50.] 

THE CHARACTER OF A DISBANDED COURTIER 

He was born with an aspiring Mind, by much too 
high flavor, for his QuaHty & Estate. His Dexterity 
in doing 111 made him thought capable of performing 
admirably well, if ever he came to be employed and 
entrusted. He was preferred for Ability to high De- 
grees of Honour and Office, admitted into the Cabinet 
Council made acquainted with all the Secret Wheels 
(and could tell how many Cogs there were in each 
Wheel) upon which the great Engine of State was 
turn'd, and kept in Motion. 

His Glory was so eminently conspicuous, that there 
were but few Persons below the Crown seemed above 
him : ' And nothing was wanting to render his FeUcity 
as lasting as Nature intended his Life, but a Heart tha t 
knew how to be gratef nil to his Benefactoi-. He thought 
all the Favours and Honours he enjoyed were less than 
the Reward of his Merit; That Thought puffed him 
with Pride; such a Sort of Pride as is commonly at- 
tended with an irrecoverable Fall, (which was his For- 
tune) And at his Fall, might very well have been pro- 
claimed: ^Voe to you, the Inhabitants of the Earth, for 
the Devil is come down among you. 

Open Revenge against his Sovereign being too dan- 
gerous to attempt he promptly resolves upon secret. 
He exposes all the Weaknesses and Infirmities of the 
Court (from which no Court is free) and when he can 
find no real Faults he feigns imaginary ones, and 
passes them off for current. By this new and false 



1153] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 121 

Optick, he represents every Mole-hill of Mistake in the 
publick Administration, for a Mountain as tall as Ten- 
eriff, and as dangerous as the Top of Etna, Nay, he 
multiplies and magnifies the very Miscarriages which 
were the Effect of his own evil Council, He arouses 
the freest Nation in the Universe, with wild Rumours, 
and extravagant Apprehensions of Slavery: under the 
Government of a Prince, who, in Acts of Favour, 
Mercy and Clemency, has exceeded all his Predecessors. 
He fills the Heads of the People full with whimsical 
Fears of fantastick Devils (chimeras which only his 
Motive has raised) on Purpose to frighten them for 
Bedlam, or for Rebellion. He makes the Pretences of 
Liberty, the Stirrup to get up and Property the Steed 
he rides, in Pursuit of his monstrous Designs. With 
these Pretences, he cheats the Innocent and promising 
to open their Eyes, serves them as the apostate Angel 
did our Parents in Paradise, only blows into them the 
Dust of Disobedience, and robs them of the Jewels he 
pretends to bestow, (viz) Liberty and Property, which 
are both so much talked of, and both so little under- 
stood. 

Being a Gentleman of little or no Religion himself, 
he seems, for all that, to espouse every Division and 
Subdivision of it; every Faction and Person, who are 
bold enough to stand stiff in Opposition against the 
well settled Government. What avails it, that he is, 
in his own Nature, a frugal Man? He keeps open 
House for Entertainment of all State Male-Contents, 
without Consideration either of Qualities or Quahfica- 
tions, as he accompanies and carouses, and contracts 
Intimacy and Amsty with the lewdest Debauchees, 
that he thinks will forward his private Intrigues; He 
becomes all things to all men, in the very worst of 
Senses; perverting the Design of St Paul, that he may 
at least, delude some, to be as bad as himself. 

Having lost his Honour with his Prince, and Repu- 



122 ADMINrSTRATIOV OF aOVKRlNrOR BELCHER. [1753 

tation with the best of Men, he cringes, creeps, and 
sneaks, to the lowest and basest of the People, to pro- 
duce himself, among them, an empty vain-glorious, 
and mideserved Name, the Patriot of his Country. 

And lastly, hoping to be made the Little Head of the 
Great Rabble, he persuades them to beheve, that they 
are all betrayed: Encourages them to strike Home 
against the Enemies of the King and Kingdom (point- 
ing to the faithfulest and most affectionate Servants 
to both) well knowing that the mighty Fabric can 
never be shaken, till its main Pillars and Supporters 
be, by cunning and sly stratagem, either destroyed or 
undermined. 

By this, may appear the Weakness of that modern 
Piece of Policy, Oblige your Enimies, your Friends you 
are sure of already: And the transcendent "Wisdom of 
Solomon's Advice, Let thy own Friend, and thy 
Father's Friend, never be forsaken. 



New York 17 Jan?' 1753 
My Dear Sir 

I send you the above as a just Picture of C. J. De 
Lancey, to make what use of it you think proper and it 
Serves as Newes in these dead times when no Vessell 
can Stir for y'' great Quantity of Ice, y* frequently 
Slayes pass over y" River and much Sevearer than it 
was in y* hard winter, y* I believe the very . . be- 
gins to be tyred with Slaying, We have had Some days 
. . y^ y' . . wouVl not Slay. My desiring M"' 
Chambers to sett up for one of y' Assembly (?) has so 
frightened him y* he has only been able to eat or drink 
for this two days . . affraid of y' C. J. & Ohvers I 
told him if Men of his Nature c*c part, was affraid to 
appear in their Countryes cause, it must Strike a damp 
in Numbers, he Said that things was managed most 
scandilously in y' Assembly by Three or four, and y^ 
every one thing was Settled at Tavern, fii'st & if any 



1753] ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 123 

of y"^ Country Members offered to oppose their Schemes, 
in any shape they were abused & pointed at but so 
terrifyed that he dare not attempt it, which makes it 
a Common-Saying now amongst y" people y* if Oliver 
wou'd but Sett up his Four Coach Horses they would 
carry it Can any thing be more scandilous than is C. 
J. medling with elections and even Stoops to Common 
Council Men & Bellowing out ag*^ Government' far as 
he durst Venture, and what he dont he setts on his 
Bull Dogs and he has not a more violent one than 
James Livingston, but I have complained [of] these 
things so much, but leave it to you it is to Succeed 
which if you dont curb in England you will find some 
difficulties in doing it here. The four old Members 
has promised to Stand by one another, but in case 
Vanhorn trips as he is in a very fair way, Chambers 
has promised to sett up, but I think when it comes to 
the fact he will be affraid. I have wrote to M'' Cather- 
wood to slacken his SoUicitations to make him a Chan- 
cellor, if not done, I fancy you will be of my Mind, if 
he should be of y*" Council he will be as much affraid 
of y" C. J. then as now, and as fear has made him 
braik his first promiss with me, I dont think he ought 
to be of y*" Council, besides, I see very plainly he is 
greatly govern'd by Joe Eead & he by Hermandam 
and all his Wifes Relations are of y'' C J. side (at pre- 
sent) for they durst not be otherwise, and untill that 
Commission is Superceeded the people will not venture 
to oppose him (19"') The weather is gi'own a little 
moderate so that y" Vessels will venture out. Major 
Vanhorn is very ill & they talk of Setting up either 
Oliver or James Livingston, and Chambers will not 
venture to oppose them & Sayes he wou'd rather give 
£500 than set up. Such a timorous man can be good 
for nothing, but shall write again Soon by another 
opportunity and will now bid Adieu. 

Ct. Clinton. 
To the Hon^)^ Robert Hunter Morris Esq^ 



124 ADMINISTRATION? OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Belcher — 
disapproving of his course towards Mr. Ashfield. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 15, p. aS2.] 

To Jonathan Belcher Esq*" Governor of New 

Jersey. 

Whitehall Jan'ry 18 1Y53. 
Sir 

We have received your Letter of the 4"' of Septem- 
ber last, and the sevj papers transmitted with it. 

We can by no means approve your Conduct in refus- 
ing to admit M-' Lewis Morris Ashfield to his seat in 
His Majesty's Council: On the contrary We think you 
have proceeded very irregularly, in as much as it is 
your Duty to pay Obedience to the Royal Mandamus. 

We do not think your Objections to M^ Ashfield 
weU founded either on the Proceedings in the Court of 
Law upon tlie Indictment preferr'd against him, or on 
your Interpretation of the 6^'' Article of your Instruc- 
tions, and therefore We desire and expect that you 
will immediately admit him to his Seat. 

W- Ashfield's behaviour appears to Us to have been 
indiscreet, but not such as may justify your refusal 
to admit him to that Station to which His Maj'^ has 
expressly appointed him. We hope he will for the 
future act a more prudent part, but if his future Con- 
duct should render liim unworthy to sit at the Council 
Board, you will always have it in your Power, with 
the Advice of your Council, to suspend him, transmitt- 
ing your reasons at the same time in conformity to 
your Instructions. 

So We bid yon heartily farewell, and are 
Your veiy loving friends <k humble Servants 

Dunk Halifax 
Charles Townhend 
James Oswald. 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 125 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
about Messages of the Legislature. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, "Vol. 7, H. 26 ) 

Elizabeth Town (N J) Febru'ry 22: 1753 

May it ^ylease Your Lordships 

Agreeable to what I wrote You, the 16'.'' of October 
last. I met His Majestys Council 21** of November fol- 
lowing, and then Communicated to them the Kings 
Instruction, relating to a Revisal of the Laws of this 
Province, and asked their Advice upon it, & which 
Your Lordships will find in the inclosed Minutes of 
that Council, & that they seemed to be Cool and indif- 
ferent, as to the time of Meeting the Assembly, 
although His Majestys Command to me. Was forth- 
mth to Consider and Revise &c^ and I therefore 
thought it my Duty to see the Assembly, as soon as I 
cou'd, and they accordingly met me here, the 19^'' of 
December last, and by their Journals (which I now 
Cover to Your Lordships) you will find, I prest that 
matter upon them in the best manner I cou'd, and in 
which they came to no Conclusion, but by refering the 
Consideration thereof, to their next Session which will 
not be till the beginning of May next, (being a time 
most Commodious to their private Affairs) & when I 
shall say to them what I Judge may be further neces- 
sary in tliis matter. 

Your Lordships will also see, that I earnestly prest 
upon them, some new and more Effectual Law, for 
the discountenancing of Riots, and to which Your 
Lordships will find they gave no reasonable or Satis- 
factory Answer, I must therefore Repeat again to 
Your Lordsliips, that I have no Expectation of any 
thing being done here, in further Check to Rioting 
and Mobbing, until the Order from the King shall 



126 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

Arrive, of which Your Lordships wrote me 27'^ of 
March 1751. 

Together with the Papers aforementiond, I also 
Cover to Your Lordships, the Minutes of Council from 
14^'' to 22f of December, which with them, will give 
your Lordships a very particular Account, of aU that 
has past in the publick Affairs of This Province since 
my last. 

I have My Lords according to mine of lOV' of Octo- 
ber, been looking over the two Bodies of Instructions, 
I red from His Majesty at S' James? but am not yet 
prepard to Report to Your Lordships, what of them 
may be useful!, or Improper, for the future, but shall 
still be perusing them, in order to the laying before 
Your Lordships the best Judgment 1 can make in this 
matter. 

I have the Honour to be with gi-eat Esteem & Regard 
My Lords Your Lordships 

Most Obedient & Most Humble Servant 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade 
— had admitted Mr. Ashfield to the Council, al- 
though not in accordance with hia sixth instruc- 
tion, ivhich he incloses. 

IFl-om P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. 7, H. :.'T.J 

Burlington (N J) May 28'" 1753 

To THE Lords of Trade 
May it please Your Lordships 

The 20"' of the last month, I received the honour, of 
Your Lordships Letter of the Ls"' of January, relating 
to M' Lewis Morris Ashfield, and since Your Lordships 
are pleased to think my reasons, for refusing to admit 



1753] ADMIXISTKATIOJSr OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 127 

him to be a Member of His Majestys Council here, not 
Sufficient, I have in Obedience to the Eoyal Mandamus, 
admitted him, although Your Lordships will allow me 
still to think, that by the several Affidavits I Trans- 
mitted to Your Lordships, he had shown great Con- 
tempt of the King, and of His Laws, and had treated 
His Governour not only Insolently but Impudently. 

And I have nov7 the Honour to Cover to Your Lord- 
ships, a Copy of His Majestys (Vj' Instruction, respect- 
ing my Nomination of persons, to be of His Majestys 
Council here, by which I think it must be plainly seen, 
that when Vacancies happen, I am Commanded to 
take care, the Council shou'd always Consist of six 
persons, inhabitants of the Eastern Division, and six 
others, Inhabitants of the Western Division, and in 
Duty to this Instruction, I always have, and shall for 
the future, when Vacancies happen, Nominate persons 
of each several Division. — accordingly; but M*" Ash- 
field who is an Inhabitant of East Jersey, stands now 
a Councillor for the Western Division. 

I have the honour to be, with great Eespect 
My Lords Your Lordships 
Most Obedient & Most Humble Servant 

J Belcher. 



Copy of His Majestys 6"' Instruction, Extracted 
from the Body of His Instructions to His Governour 
of His Majestys Province of New Jersey. 

And that We may be always Informed of the 
Names and Characters of Persons fit to Suppl}^ the 
Vacancies that shall happen in Our said Council, You 
are to transmit unto Us by One of Our Principal Sec- 
retaries of State, and to Our Conmiissionei'S for Trade 
and Plantations, with all convenient speed the Names 
and Characters of six j^f'rsons Inhabitants of the Eas- 
tern Division, and six other persons Inhabitants of the 



128 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

Westeim Division of our said Province, whom you 
shall esteem the best Qualify'd for that Trust, and so 
from time to time when any of them shall Dye, depart 
out of our said Province, be sworn into Our said Coun- 
cil or become unfit, you are to Nominate unto Us so 
many others in their Stead, that the list of tivelve Per- 
sons fit to Supply the said Vacancies, Viz' Six of the 
East and six of the West Division, as aforesaid may 

he alivays Compleat. 

J. Belcher 



Opinion of the Lords of Trade on the Bou7idaries 
between New York and New Jersey. 

IFrom N. Y. Col. Bocts., Vol. VI, p. 773.J 

Opinion of the Board upon the Question of 
Boundaries between N Y & N J. 

At a Meeting of His Majesty's Commissioners 

for Trade and Plantations. 
Present — The Right Hon : Horatio Walpole 
M'- Pitt M"- Grenville M"- Oswald 

Thursday June T"* 1753 

Their Lordships took into Consideration the Act 
passed in the Province of New Jersey in 174| for run- 
ning the Line of Partition between that Province c't 
New York and came to the following* opinion and 
resolutions thereupon viz' 

The Act in Question is An Act passed by the Gov- 
ernor, Council & Assembly of the Province of New 
Jersey. 

The general object of it is to run the Jjine of Pai'ti- 
tion and Division between the Provinces of New Jersey 
and New York. 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 129 

The Considerations which arose upon this Act are of 
two sorts, viz' 

Such as relate to the Principles upon which it is 
founded, & such as relate to the Transactions & Cir- 
cumstances which accompany it. 

If the Act & the Regulations prescribed by it are 
founded upon Principles of Justice, and are consistent 
with the estabhshed Forms of the Constitution in such 
cases, and can be rendred effectual to answer the 
proper and legal purposes of it, the Act ought to be 
confirmed. 

But if on the contrary it should be found unjust, 
unwarrantable and ineffectual, it ought to be rejected. 

As to the first, it is an Act of the Province of New 
Jersey interested in the determination of the Limits 
and in the consequential advantages to arise from it. 

The Province of New Jersey in its distinct and 
separate capacity can neither make nor estabhsh 
Boundaries; it can as little form Regulations for decid- 
ing Differences between itself and other Parties con- 
cerned in Interest. 

The established limits of its Jurisdiction and Terri- 
tory are such as the Grants under which it claims have 
assigned. 

If these Grants are doubtfull and differences arise 
either upon the construction or upon the matter of 
them, We apprehend that there are but two methods of 
deciding them either by the concurrence of all parties 
concerned in Interest, or by the regular and legal forms 
of Judicial proceedings. 

The legal method of proceeding We conceive must be 
derived from the immediate authority of the Crown 
itself, and be signified by a commission from His Maj- 
esty under the Great Seal. 

The Commission of subordinate Officers and of de- 
rivative Powers are not competent nor adequate to 
such purposes. 
10 



130 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEBNOR BELCHER. [1753 

To Judge otherwise would be to set up exparte De- 
terminations of incompetent Jurisdictions in the place 
of Justice and legal Authority. 

If the Act of New Jersey cannot conclude other par- 
ties it cannot be effectual to answer the Ends proposed. 

That it would not be effectual to form an absolute 
decision in this case, the Legislature of that Province 
seems sensible, whilst it endeavours to place in the 
hands of the Crown the Decision of one point relative 
to this matter and of considerable importance to it, 
which power th^ Crown c'' not derive from them with- 
out their having the power to establish the thing itself 
without the assistance of the Crown. 

As We think the present Act without the Concur- 
rence of other parties concerned in interest unwarrant- 
able and ineffectual, the next point to be considered is 
what Transactions and Proceedings have passed to- 
wards obtaining such concurrence. 

The principal Parties interested are the two Pro- 
vinces of Wew York and New Jersey and the Crown 
The Provinces are interested with respect to their 
Government and Jurisdiction and His Majesty with 
respect [to] Sovereignty, Seigneurie and Property. 
With regard to the transactions on the part of the 
Province of New York, We shall only observe, that 
whatever Agreements have been made formerly be- 
tween the two Provinces for settling their Boundaries, 
whatever Acts of Assembly have passed, and what- 
ever Commissions have been issued by the respective 
Governors & Governments, the Proceedings under 
them have never been perfected, the Work remains 
unfinished and the Disputes between the two Pro- 
vinces subsist with as much Contradiction as ever. 

But what we principally rely upon is, that those 
Transactions were never properly warranted on the 
part of the Crown, that the Crown never participated 
in them, nor could be bound with respect to its Inter- 
ests by Proceedings so authorized. 



1753] ADMINISTRATION- OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. lol 

The Interests of the Crown may be considered in 
three lights, either as Interests of Sovereignty respect- 
ing mere government, of Seigneurie, which respect 
Escheats and Quit Rents; or of Property, as relative 
to the soil itself, which last takes place in such cases 
whether either the Crown has never made any Grants 
of the Soil, or where such Grants have by actual Es- 
cheats reverted to it. With regard to the former viz^ 
those of Sovereignty it may be alledged, that they are 
not materially affected by the Question, as both Pro- 
vinces are under the Immediate Government & Direc- 
tion of the Crown, but they stand in a very different 
light with respect to the Interest of Quit Rents & Es- 
cheats, and we think with respect to them the situa- 
tion of the two Provinces makes a material alteration; 
for though the Province of New Jersey is not under 
Regulations either of Propriety or Charter with respect 
to its government, yet it is a Propriety Province with 
respect to the Grant and Tenure of its Territory, and 
consequently as New York is not in that Predicament, 
the Determination of the Boundary in prejudice to 
that Province will affect the Interest of the Crown, 
with respect to the Tenure of such Lands as are con- 
cerned in this Question, it being evident that whatever 
Districts are supposed to be immediately held of the 
Crown in New York by being supposed to be included 
in the Limits of the Province of New Jersey, wiU 
immediately pass to the Proprietors of that Province 
and be held of them, by which means the Crown will 
be deprived of its Escheats and the Quit Rents w^ill 
pass into other hands; And as to what has been said 
to obviate this difficulty, that the Crown having made 
absolute Grants of the whole Territory that can possi- 
bly come in Question under the Determination of the 
Boundary, and reserved only trifling and inconsiderable 
Quit Rents, it does not seem to us conclusive, since it 
admits as [an?] Interest in the Crown, the greatness or 



i32 ADMINISTRATIOxV OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

smallness of which is merely accidental and does not 
affect the Essence of the Question. Though We can- 
not help observing that in the case of exorbitant Grants 
with inconsiderable Quit Rents and where consequently 
it may reasonably be supposed that the Crown has 
been deceeved in such Grants by its Officers, the con- 
tingent Right of Property in virtue of its Seigneurie, 
seems rather to be enlarged than diminished. 

This being the Case, it appears to us that Governor 
Hunter ought not to have issued his commission for 
running the line above mention VI without obtaining 
a previous direction of instruction from the Crown for 
that purpose, a Commission issued under such circum- 
stances can be consider'd with respect to the interests 
of the Crown in no other hght than as a mere nulHty; 
That even with respect to the Province of New York 
we observe the Commission is questionable, as it does 
not follow the Directions of the Act of 1717, which 
declares that the Commission to be issued shall be 
granted under the Joint authority of the Governor and 
Council of that Province; But as it has been urged 
that the Crown has since confirmed and approved these 
Transactions either by previous declarations or by 
subsequent acquiescence, and consequently partici- 
pated in them so far as to conclude itself. We shall 
in the next place consider the circumstances urged for 
that purpose. We do not think that any thing has 
been transacted in such a manner as to support such 
an Inference. It has been urged that the Crown by 
giving consent to an Act passed in New York in 1717 
for paying and discharging several debts due from that 
Colony &c'' concluded and bound itself with respect to 
the subsequent Proceedings had under the Commis- 
sion issued by Governor Hunter. The view and pur- 
port of that Act appear to us so entire & so distinctly 
formed for the purpose of raising money and estab- 
lishing funds so various and so distinct from any 



1753] ADMIlSriSTRATIO]^ OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 133 

consideration of the Disputes subsisting in the two 
Provinces with respect to the Boundaries, that We 
cannot conceive a single clause in so long and so intri- 
cate an Act can be a sufficient Foundation to warrant 
the Proceedings of Governor Hunter subsequent to it 
without a special Authority from the Crown for that 
purpose, and there is the more reason to be of this 
opinion as the Crown by giving its assent to that Act 
can be construed to have assented only to the levying 
money for a future purpose, which purpose could not 
be effected by any Commission but from itself, and can 
therefore never be supposed to have thereby approved 
a commission from another Authority at that time 
actually issued & proceeded upon previous to that 
assent. 

With respect to the Transactions between the Prov- 
ince of New York and Connecticut, alledged to be 
similar to and urged as a Precedent, and even as an 
approbation of the Matter now in Question. We think 
the two cases materially & essentially different from 
each other. Tlie Act passed in New York in 1719 for 
running and ascertaining the Lines of Partition and 
Division between this Colony and the Colony of Con- 
necticut recites, that in the year 16S3 the Govej'nor & 
Council of New York and the Governor and Commis- 
sioners of Connecticut did in Council conclude an 
Agreement concerning the Boundaries of the two 
Provinces; that in consequence of this Agreement 
Commissioners and Surveyors were appointed on the 
part of each Colony, who actually did agree, determine 
and ascertain the Lines of Partition, Qiarked out a cer- 
tain part of them and fixed the Point from whence the 
remaining pai'ts should be run; That the several things 
agreed on and done by the said Commissioners were 
ratified by the respective Governors entred on Record 
in each Colony and in March ITOD approved and con- 
firmed by King William's Order in Council & Letter 



134 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

to His Governor of New York, from which Recital it 
appears to us, that these Transactions were not only 
carried on with the Participation but confirmed by the 
express Act and Authority of the Crown, and that 
Confirmation made the Foundation of the Act passed 
by New York for settling the Boundaries between the 
two Provinces 

As to the Argument which has been urged in sup- 
port of the Act, That the Transactions already pass'd 
for settling the Boundary have determined the most 
material parts of it, and that one point being fixed and 
the other left to the Crown to fix at its pleasure the 
remainder is of little consequence & of no Difficulty. 
We observe in the first place that the Crown has been 
no Party to these Transactions, that the Merits and 
Execution of them are contested even by those who 
were parties to them, that the Crown would by such a 
Method be drawn in to give it's Assent to Matters in 
which it has never participated, and to authorise future 
Determinations upon its Interests, under proceedings 
which it may have no opportunity to examine 

As therefore it appears to us that the Proceedings 
in this affair were not warranted in the first Instance 
by proper Authority, and as the Interests of the Crown 
may be immediately affected by this Act carried on 
without any proper Participation on the Part of the 
Crown, We cannot think it advisable to recommend 
it to His jMajesty for his Approbation. 

Oi'dered that this foregoing Resolution and Opinion 
be communicated to the Agents for the respective Prov- 
inces, and that the Secretary do desire their Attend- 
ance at the Board on Wednesday the -l"' of July 



1753] ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 135 



Letter from Robert Charles, Agent of the Province of 
New York, to Governor Clinton. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS. in Secretary of State's Office, Albany, Vol. LXXVIT. p. 106.] 

Lansterfields London 13'.'' June 1753 

Sir 

Upon the success I have had in opposing the Act of 
N. Jersey of which I have given a Particular Account 
in my Letters to M' Speaker, to which I pray you to 
be referred T think it necessary to apply myself to you, 
as one able to judge well and soundly for the Publick, 
and to lay before you what may not so properly be 
communicated to many. 

I have acquainted M' Speaker with the Use made of 
a Certain Letter whereof your Brother will furnish 
you with a Copy. I think I can Easily guess at the 
Adviser & Penman of it the Injury resulting to the 
Publick from such advice may possibly at a proper 
time deserve publick Consideration. 

The Injury that may be done to Individuals from 
y'' Endeavour to Expose the Minysinck Patent & other 
Grants to a ministerial Revision herewith likewise 
require Attention. The Book produced on this Occa- 
sion consisted of a Collection of Variety Papers, 
Draughts & Maps, authenticated on the Oath of James 
Alexander Esq'. Part of this Oath was read, & the 
Clerk reading further than a Particular place pointed 
out to him, I think there is the Oath of R. Hunter 
Morris Esq";, likewise in proof of this Collection Some 
Copies, of Patents were read, expressing no number 
of Acres granted & of others where the Bounds are 
left indefinite, & Maps were shown to illustrate these 
Grants, of the Validity of which I soon perceived 
Doubt came to be entertained but that was not the 



136 ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

Business of the Day tho' it might be the kind Intention 
of those who had thus staged them for pubhck Review. 
I intend to come at a Copy, if possible, of this whole 
affidavit tho. I doubt whether it will be granted; but 
as the Valuable Collection Contained in this Book is 
under the Seal of New York with a Certificate of the 
Governor prefixed, I apprehend some Entry must be 
made hereof in the Secretary's Office, or stand upon 
some Record in Your Government which would be 
well worth searching, for I apprehend that a thorough 
disquisition into this Affair upon the Spott would bring 
no Credit to the Compilers of this Collection 

The clandestine Entry on the Records of your Gov- 
ernment of the Return of the Jersey Survey 25 years 
after the Transaction in Opposition to the Proceedings 
in Council for annulling Same should likewise in my 
humble Opinion be enquired into & if it can be legally 
done that Entry ought to be Expunged. 

The Act of New Jersey being now set aside it may 
be a Question whether on the Offer I have made in 
behalf of New York joyn in a Commission under the 
Great Seal for running the Partition Lines the Jersey 
Proprietaries will come into the Proposal, for possibly 
they may still insist on the Validity of what was done 
in 1710. tho' it has received no Confirmation from the 
Crown I on the other hand will joyn in no Commission 
unless all the Boundaries are left to be ascertained on 
the Foot of the Original Grants I have been surprized 
to find the Notion so generall in your Colony that the 
Latitude of 41 and 40, & not the Bianch of the Dela- 
ware, supposed to lye in that Latitude, is the Northern 
Boundary of Jersey. The Petition of divers Persons 
to Mr President Schuyler in the year 1719 in opposition 
to the Jersey Proprietaries Considers it in this Light. 
Gov'." Hunter & Council, who joyned in a Memorial in 
answer to the objectons made against the Confirma- 
tion of your Act of 1717, Consider it in like manner. 



1753] ADMINTISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 137 

I could wish that you would review these Proceed- 
ings, and as in the Petition mentioned is made of divers 
Maps & Draughts it would be well that they Could be 
Come at and Examined : I have had none sent me that 
would bear publick View & have therefore been obliged 
in a great measure to grope out my own way. 

From the Researches I have made, it is evident to 
me that about the time of these Grants Places & 
remarkable Land Limits were all laid down much more 
Northerly than later Observances have placed them, 
this hold true with respect to the Forks of the Dela- 
ware, and as that River in my Opinion was then but 
httle Known beyond that great and remarkable Divi- 
sion lay in 41 & 40; I have indeed yet mett with no 
authentic old Maps that fully estabhsh this Construc- 
tion but a modern one taken from ancient one has 
come into my hands pubhshed by Direction and under 
the Inspection of M'' Paris Solicitor for M' Penn in the 
Dispute between him and Lord Baltimore (now Sohci- 
tor for the Jersey Interest) with a View to M' Penns 
Cause; this is said to be "a map of Virginia according 
" to Capt John Smiths Map published anno IGOO Also 
" of the adjacent Country called by the Dutch Niew 
" Niderlant anno lOBO By John Lenex 1735." By 
vvhicli map the only remarkable Division of Delaware 
there called River May after that of Skuilkill below 
Philadelphia is there expressly laid down in the Very 
Latitude of 41 & 40 New York then Called New 
Amsterdam being laid do^vn in 41 D, I think I shall 
be able to trace the Source from where this Map was 
taken & besides ray Searches here I have [sent] into 
Holland to find out the Draughts and Maps which the 
Amsterdam Company had of this Country at the time 
it was surrendered to the Crown. 

If this Exposition of the boundary can be maintained 
the Jerseys will be pared very considerably and to 
strengthen this Exposition I hope it may be made out 



138 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

that beyond the Forks the River was never called Dela- 
ware but Fishkill on which head I send you a few con- 
cise thoughts which I drew up and put into the hands 
of some friends I am aware that an Objection still lies 
behind viz^ that as the Grant by latitude a more north- 
ern Boundary on Delaware than on Hudsons River it 
must appear strange to make that on Delaware more 
southerly, as the Forks are said by modern Observation 
to lye nearly in 40 & 40 This has its Difficulty, but as 
the Latitude on Hudsons River admits of no dispute, 
it must be contended that the Branch of Delaware and 
not the Latitude by which that Branch is described is 
the true and only Northern Boundary and that the 
Date of Grant is limited by Delaware River. 

It will give me great Pleasure to have your thoughts 
on this Subject as well as on the proper Method for 
executing the Commission that may be issued. Much 
will depend on the Choice of able men for that Pur- 
pose. The Jersey Proprietaries spare .neither Cost 
or Pains to carry their Point & i hope your Governm. 
will shew themselves Equally resolute to maintain 
theirs. 

With this Letter committed to Your Brothers Care, 
I hope you will find your son & him returned in good 
health, I take leave to depend upon your good Offices 
in my behalf & assuring you of the sincere and perfect 
Esteem which I truly entertain of you am most 
heartily Dear Sir 

Your obliged & most obd"' humble Servant 

R. Charles 



1753] ADMIN-ISTRATION OF GOVERN^OR BELCHER. 139 



Argument that the Forks of the Delaware are the true 
limits of New Jersey on the north. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS. in Secretary State's office, Albany, Vol. LXXVK, p. 107.] 

That the Forks of Delaivare are the Ne-plus 
ultra of the Northern Boundary of New 

Jersey And that the Latitude 41 Deg & 

40 M. on Fishkill River is an erroneous 
Boundary, is evident. 

1'* Because King Charles's Grant to the Duke of 
York is confined to Delaware Bay & River whore that 
Bay & River do not exist, this Grant cannot operate. 
Now all the Lands from the Forks of Delaware to the 
Latitude of 41 & 4 on Fishkill River (a Distance of 
about 70 Miles on a straie;ht line) are manifestly not 
on the Delaware River. For this River is not formed 
till the Conjunction of the two Streams at the Fork, 
there Delaware River begins, which Exposition is sup- 
ported even by our adversaries, for the Return of the 
Jersey Survey expressly says that the Fishkill is the 
biggest & chiefest Stream that forms the Rivt^r Dela- 
ware. 

'2^}^' Because the King's Grant to the Dukn giving 
him no Lands lying on Fishkill River the Duke could 
grant none to the Proprietaries of Jersey 

S**!' Because by the Duke's Grant to these Proprieta- 
ries the Branch itself and not the Latitude is the 
Northern Boundary the Latitude is only descriptive of 
the Branch which is said to lye in 41 & 40 & the 
Boundary is as far as this Branch but not up the 
Branch or to any part of it. 

4''*'^ Because the Forks of the Delaware are a most 
remarkable natural Boundary which at the time of the 



•140 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

Grant might be well known & therefore referred to 
tho' there might be a mistake of the Latitude in which 
they were thought to lye. 

gtwy Because these Forks by the ancient Geography 
of the Country (only Guide to the Grant are laid down 
in 41 Deg. & 50 minutes which clearly made out must 
putt an End to the Controversary. 

Note — These Forks by modern Observation lye al- 
most exactly a Degree to the Southward to Witt, in 
the Latitude of 40 & 40. 

New York City lies nearly in the same Latitude of 
40 & 40 tho' formerly laid down in 41 Deg. 

By confining the Northern Boundary to these Forks 
instead of the Latitude in which they were thought to 
lye a more natui-al and consistent Boundary is Estab- 
lished, than that monstrous One contended for by the 
Jersey Proprietaries, which on the face of every Map 
must appear unnatural and absurd. 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Belcher 
— desiring him to give all possible assistance to 
the Missionaries for propagating the Gospel in 
New Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T.. Xew Jersey, Vol. Vo, p. asi.) 

Whitehall June 25"' 1758 

To Jonathan Belcher EsqV Governor of New 

Jersey 
Sir 

A Petition having been presented to Us, by the 
Agent for the Society in Scotland for propagating 
Christian Knowledge, complaining that M'" John Braiii- 
ard a Missionary settled by the said Society at Bethell 



17o8] ADMIlvriSTRATrOX OF GOVERJfOH BELCHER. 141 

ill East Jersey, has been molested and obstructed in 
the Execution of his Mission by some of His Majestys 
Subjects in that Province, and particularly by the 
Indian Traders, who had pursuaded the Indians that 
he was sent by crafty men with a view to bring them 
into a snai'e and finally deprive them of their Country 
and Liberty s; We desire you will make particular En- 
quiry into this Affair, and take the most effectual 
Measures for the Security and Protection of the said 
Missionary, or any other which may be sent by the 
said Society to settle within the Province of New 
Jersey, and for preventing and restraining the Indian 
Traders from any ways molesting or obstructing the 
said Missionary, and fi-om such false and injurious In- 
sinuations to their prejudice. And We further desire, 
that you will give the said Missionary's aU reasonable 
Assistance in the Execution of their Missions. So We 
bid you heartily farewell and are 

Your very loving Friends 

and humble Servants 
Dunk Halifax, 
Charles Townshend, 
James Oswald, 
J. Greenville. 



Question referring to the Boundary between New 
York and Neiv Jersey ansivered. 

(From N. Y. Col. MSS. in Secretary of State's Office. Albany. Vol. LXXVIII, p. 11.] 

Thoughts upon this Question 

How shall the Province of New York take the Bene- 
fit of the Eeportsof the Lords Commissioners of Trade 
and Plantations made to his Majesty on the 18"' July 
1753 ? 



142 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

In answer I observe tirst, That according to the 
Tenour of their Lordships Report nothin.Ji^- has been 
done to bind the Crown in the Points of Jurisdiction, 
Seignory, or Property as to its Right of and in the 
Province of New York, nor can be done, unless by 
Commission issued judicially to determine its Rights 
in these Points or agreements between both Colonies 
Confirmed by Royal assent. 

Secondly, That all the acts of New York and New 
Jersey and Governor Hunters Commission, the Tripar- 
tite Deed, and the observations of Latitude and 
Random in 1719, and all Acts of New Jersey, or Even 
of New York (having been Transacted without the 
Participation of the Crown, either at that time or be- 
fore or since are not Conclusive or binding either upon 
the Crown or Parties Claiming in right of the Province 
of New York or New Jersey but the Controversy be 
tween both Provinces is reduced by their Lordships 
Report to just the same state as if the Dukes Grants 
to John Lord Berkley and Sir George Carteret had not 
been a Year old. This Second observation is but a 
Consequence of the first, but deduced with a more par- 
ticular and pointed application. 

Thence — I query, whether it will not be the Interest 
of the Province of New York to take the first opportu- 
nity to declare it's consent to joyn in Application to his 
majesty with the Province of New Jersey for a Com- 
mission to ascertain that Line and to bear one half of 
the Expence. 

It seems to be the Interest of both Provinces to 
these Ends — 

1^> To preserve the public peace. 

2''!^ To ascertain the Rights of Jurification & Gov- 
ernment. 

3"!^ To Fix the Limits of the Seignory and Prop- 
erty of the Crown. 

4*.' The Private Property of the Lands on each Side. 



n53] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER, 143 

It seems proper to be clone speedihj because possibly, 

!«.' New Jersey will now think it their Interest to 
Consent to it tho' every mention of this private Con- 
versation for several Years past has been Treated with 
Disdain. 

2'^!5'. If they refuse it, it will Enable New York to 
retort the Charge of Delay on New Jersey and lay the 
Consequences of it at their Door. 

3*^.'^ It may prevent their attempt (pursuant to the 
Memorial of the New Jersey Proprietors to tlieir Gov- 
ernours of 20"" November 1753 to Extend their Juris- 
diction to the random line of 1719, which if opijosed 
will pj'obably occasion Bloodshed or if not opposed 
will put a great number of Possessions within this 
Province in tlie Power of their Courts and doubtless 
occasion an Ejectment of the New York Tenants 
against whom they have got Judgements. 

4"'.'^ It seems that at no time can be more favorable 
to New York than the present time, while the weight 
of their Lordships Arguments will be more sensibly 
felt both at home and withhi this Province than Prob- 
ably hereafter when matters are more ^- * * and 
the Present Impression abated or worn out. 

5thiy ^ Principal reason is this that New York is less 
attentive to its Interest than New Jersey and it is 
Evident that within a few Years they have Gained 
much Ground of New York and with the utmost Art 
vigilence and Expense are settleing themselves along 
that Line that they pretend to have settled by their 
observations in 1719. 

gtwy ]sje^ York can hardly imagine any Conjuncture 
more favorable to its Interests than the present when 
probably their lordships Eeasons will have their fuU 
weight with the Commissio7iers and perhaps may have 
some Influence on the Commission itself which may 
direct the Line to be run from the Delaware River 
where that branch joins the River that hath an Ex- 



144 ADMIISISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHKR. [1753 

tension to the Latitude 41" & 40"^ and if two or more 
branches extend to that latitude then from the North- 
ermost of them to the Latitude of 41" on the Hudsons 
River. Whether the legal sense of the Words, to the 
Branch, or as far as the Branch or v^hether the term 
of 41" 40'" on the Branch expresses the Term ad quem 
from Cape May, and a quo to Hudsons River may as 
well be determined in England as in America, And if 
this point pass in favor of New York and the Com- 
mission so direct i the Commissioners will have httle 
more to do than to fix one Latitude and one Line The 
term at the Forks wiU be fixed by Inspection and it 
will not be very material which of the Forks is the 
Northermost Branch and no Branch is pretended more 
Northerly than these. 

As to the Commissioners. Care should be taken 
that neither New Hampshire Massachusets Bay, Con- 
necticut nor Pensylvania furnish any of them. 



Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King — 
relative to the repecd of an act passed in 1747-48 
for running a partition liyie between New York 
and Netv Jersey. 

[From an official copy among: Boundary Papers of W. A. Whitehead. Vol. II, No. 47. ] 

To THE Kings most Excellent Majesty 

May it ijlease your Majesty 

We have lately had under Our Consideration an 
Act passed in your Majesty's Province of New Jersey 
in 1747-8 intitled, 

An act for running and ascertaining the line of Parti- 
tion and Division betwixt this Province of New Jersey 
and the Province of New York. 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 145 

And having been attended by M' Paris, SoUicitor in 
behalf of the proprietors of the Eastern Division of 
New Jersey, with M^ Hume Campbell and M- Henley 
his Council in support of the said Act, and by M- 
Charles, Agent for the province of New York, with 
Mr Forrester and M- Pratt his Counsel against the said 
Act, and heard what each party had to offer there- 
upon. We beg leave humbly to Represent to your 
Majesty, 

That the Considerations which arise upon this Act 
are of two Sorts, Viz' such as relate to the principles 
upon -which it is founded, and such as relate to the 
Transactions and Circumstances which accompany it. 

As to the first, it is an Act of the Province of New 
Jersey, interested in the Determination of the limits, 
and in the consequential Advantages to Arise from it. 

The Province of New Jersey in its distinct and sep- 
erate Capacity can neither make nor Establish for de- 
ciding differences between itself and other parties con- 
cerned in Interest. 

The Established Limits of its Jurisdiction and Terri- 
tory are such as the Grants under which it claims have 
assigned. If those Grants are doubtful and diffei-ences 
Arise upon the Corstruction or upon the matter of 
them. We humbl}^ Apprehend that there are but two 
methods of deciding them, either by the concurrence 
of all parties Concerned in Interest or by the regular 
and legal Forms of Judicial proceedings, And it ap- 
pears to us, that the legal method of proceeding nnist 
be derived from the Immediate Authority of the 
Crown itself, signified by a Commission from your 
Majesty under the Great Seal the Commission of sub- 
ordinate officers and of derivative powers being neither 
Competent nor adequate to such ])urposes. To judge 
otherwise would be, as We humble conceive, to set u}) 
ex parte Detirmination and Incompetent Jurisdictions 
in the place of Justice and legal autliority. 
11 



U6 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

If the Act of New Jersey cannot conclude other 
parties, it cannot be Effectual to the Ends proposed: 
and that it would not be Effectual to Form an abso- 
lute Decision in this Case, the Legislature of that pro- 
vince seems Sensible, while it endeavours to leave to 
your Majestys Determination the Decision of one point 
relative to this matter and of considerable Importance 
to it, which proves your Majesty cannot derive from 
them, without their having the powei- to Establish the 
thing itself without the Assistance of your Majesty. 

As We are of opinion that the present Act without 
the Concurrence of other parties concerned in Interest, 
is unwarrantable and ineffectual. We shall in the 
next place consider what Transactions & Proceedings 
have passed towards obtaining such Concurrence. 

The parties Interested are your Majesty and the two 
provinces of New York and New Jersey, Your Maj- 
esty is Interested with respect to your Sovereignty 
Seigneurie and Property, and the said provinces Vv^ith 
respect to their Government and Jurisdiction. 

With regard to the Transactions on the part of New 
York, We beg leave to observe, that whatever agree- 
ments have been made formerly between the two pro- 
vinces for settling their Boundaries whatever Acts of 
Assembly have passed, and whatever Commissions 
have been issued by the respective Governors and 
Governments the proceedings under them have never 
been perfected, the work remains unlinisbed, and the 
Disputes between the two provinces Subsist with as 
much Contradiction as ever. But there is a Cu'cum- 
stance which appears to us to have still more weight, 
namely that those Transactions were never properly 
warranted on the part of the Crown: The Crown never 
participated in them, and therefore cannot be bound 
with respect to its Intei-ests by proceedings so author- 
ized. 

The Interest which your Majesty has in the Deter- 



17o3j ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 147 

mination of this Boundary may be considered in three 
Lights: either as Interests of Sovereignty respecting 
mere Government, of Seigneurie which respect Es- 
cheats and Quit Rents, or of property as relative to the 
soil itself, which last Interest takes place in such Cases 
where either Your Majesty has never made any Grants 
of the Soil or where such Grants have by Actual Es- 
cheats reverted to Your Majesty. 

With regard to the fii'st of these Interests viz, that 
of Sovereignty, it has been alledged to Us in Support 
of the Act, that it is not materially Affected by the 
Question, as both provinces are under Your Majestys 
Immediate direction and Government: But they stand 
in a very different hght with respect to Your Majestys 
Interest in the Quit Rents and Escheats, in both which 
articles the Situation of the two provinces appears to 
us to make a very material alteration. For altho' the 
province of New Jersey is not under regulations of 
propriety or Charter with respect to its Government, 
yet it is a proprietary province with respect to the 
Grant & Tenure of its Territory, and consequently as 
New York is not in that predicament, the Determina- 
tion of the Boundary in prejudice to that province will 
affect your Majestys Interest with respect to the Ten- 
ure of such Lands as are concerned in this Question, it 
being evident that whatever Districts are supposed to 
be Immediately held of Your Majesty in New York, 
by being Supposed to be Included in the Limits of 
New Jersey, will Immediately pass to the proprietors 
of that province and be held of them; by which means 
Your Majesty w^ould be deprived of your Escheats and 
the Quit Rents would pass into other Hands. 

To obviate this objection it has been alledged that 
the Crown has already made absolute Grants of the 
whole Territory, that can possibly come in Question 
under the Determination of this Boundary, and re- 
served only trifling and Inconsiderable Quit Rents on 
these Grants, But this Argument does not seem to 



148 VDMINISTRATTOX OF GOVEKN'Oli BELCHER. [1753 

US to be conclusive, since it Admits an Interest in your 
Majesty, the Greatness or Smallness of which is 
merely accidental, and therefore does not affect the 
Essence of the Question, And we beg leave farther to 
observe, that in the Case of Exorbitant Grants with 
Inconsiderable Quit Rents and where consequently it 
may reasonably be Supposed that the Crown has been 
deceived in Such Grants by its Officers, Your Majestys 
Contingent Right of property in Vertue of Your Seig- 
neurie seems rather to be enlarged than diminished. 

This being the Case it appears to Us that Governor 
Hunter ought not to have issued his Commission for 
running the Line above mentioned without having 
previously received the Royal Direction and Instruc- 
tion for that purpose; and that a Commission issued 
without such authority can be considered; with respect 
to the Interests of the Crown, in no other light than 
as a mere nullity; and even with respect to New York 
we observe that the said Commission is Questionable, 
as it does not follow the Directions of the above men- 
tioned x\ct passed there in 1717 which Declares that 
the Commission to be Issued shall be gi-anted under 
the Joint Authority of the Governor and Council of 
that province. 

But it has been further urged that the Crown has 
since Confirmed these Transactions, either by previous 
Declarations or by Subsequent Acquiesence, and conse- 
quently participated in them so far as to conclude itself. 
We shall therefore in the next place beg leave to 
Consider the Circumstance Urged for this purpose. 

It has been alledged that the Crown, by giving Con- 
sent to the aforesaid Act passed in New York in 1717 
for paying and discharging several Debts due from 
that Colony &c., included and bound itself with 
respect to the subsequent proceedings had under the 
Commission issued by Governor Hunter, But the View 
and purport of that Act appear to us entire and so dis- 
tinctly formed for the purpose of Raising Money and 



1753] ADMIJSriSTRATIO-V OF GOVERXOK BP:LCllfc;i<. 149 

establishing Funds so various and so distinct from any 
Consideration of the Disputes Subsisting in the two 
provinces with respect to the Boundaries, that we can- 
not conceive a Single Clause in so long and so intricate 
an Act can be a sufficient Foundation to Warrant the 
proceedings of Governor Hunter Subsequent to it, 
without a special Authority from the Crown for that 
purpose; and there is the more reason to be of this 
opinion, as the Crown, by giving its Assent to that 
Act, can be construed to have Assented only to the 
levying Money for a future purpose which purpose 
could not be Effected by any Commission but from 
itself, and therefore can never be supposed to have 
thereby approved a Commission from another Author- 
ity which was at that time already issued and Carry- 
ing into Execution previous to such Assent. 

We further beg leave humbly to represent to Your 
Majesty, that the lines of partition and Division 
between Your Majestys province of New York and 
Colony of Connecticut having been run and Ascer- 
tained pursuant to the Directions of an Act passed at 
New York for that purpose in the Year 1719 and Con- 
firmed by his late Majesty in 1723, the Transactions 
between the said province and Colony upon that occa- 
sion have been alledged to be Similar to, and urged as 
a precedent and even as an approbation of the matter 
now in Question. But we are humbly of opinion, that 
the two Cases are materially and essentially different. 
The Act passed in New York in 1719 for running and 
Ascertaining the Lines of partition and Division 
between that Colony and the Colony of Connecticut 
Recites, "That in the Year 10b3 the Governor and 
'' Council of New York and the Governor and Com- 
'■ missioners of Connecticut did in Council conclude an 
'' Agreement concerning the Boundaries of the two 
''Provinces; that in Consequence of this Agreement 
" Commissioners and Surveyors were appointed on the 



150 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

" part of each Government who did actually agree, 
"Determine and ascertain the Lines of partition, 
"marked out a Certain part of them and fixed the 
"point from whence the remaining parts should be 
" run. that the several things agreed on and done by 
" the said Commissioners were ratified by the respec- 
" five Governors, entered on Record in each Colony, 
" and in March 1700 approved and Confirmed by order 
" of King William the third in His privy Council and 
" by his said Majestys Letter to his Governor of New 
"York." 

From this Recital it Appears to Us that those Tran- 
sactions were not only carried on with the participa- 
tion, but Confirmed by the Express Act and Authority 
of the Crown, and that Confirmation made the founda- 
tion of the Act passed by New York for Settling the 
Boundaries between the two provinces; of all which 
Authority and Foundation the Act we now lay before 
your Majesty appears to Us to be entirely destitute. 

Upon the whole it appears to us, that the Act in 
Question cannot be Effectual to t!le Ends proposed 
that Your Majestys Interests may be materially 
affected by it and that the proceedings on which it is 
Founded, were not warranted in the first instance by 
the proper Authority, but carried on without the par- 
ticipation of the Crown. We cannot think it Advisa- 
ble to lay this Act before Your Majesty as fit to 
receive Your Royal Approbation — 
Which is most humbly Submitted 

Dunk Halifax 
J. Grenville 
Whitehall July 18"^ 1753 James Oswald 

Andrew Stone 

A true Copy from the Original Representation of the 
Board of Trade remaining in the Council office 

Steph: Cottrell 
Witness Danl Coxe 
Sam: Kemble 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOTERNOR RKLCHER. 151 



Letter from Got^ernor Belcher to the Lords of Trade 
— transmitting several documents connected, luith 
the meeting of the Legislature of New Jersey in 
May and June, and commenting on the state of 
the Province. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 7, H, 28.] 

Elizabeth Tov/n (N J) August 8'.'^ 1752 
To THE Lords of Trade 

May it Please Your Lordships 

My last was on the 28''' of May, since w"'' I have not 
had the Honour of any of Your Lordships favours, 
which I am always glad to receive, for my Instruction 
in the better Administration of the Affairs of this 
Government. 

I herewith Transmit to Your Lordships, what past 
in a Session of the General Assembly of this Province, 
held at Burhngton in May and June last * - * 

Your Lordships will please to observe by them, what 
I urged relating to a Revisal of the Laws of the Prov- 
ince, as also in the Affair of Rioting, and the Assem- 
bly? Answer to these things, must plainly show, they 
had no Inclination at that time, to do any thing fur- 
ther about them. 

I am glad to say to Your Lordships, that there ap- 
peared at this last Session, a much better Agreement 
and Harmony, between the Council & Assembly, 
then there had been for a long time, and among other 
Acts Your Lordships will See there was one past, 
making Provision for Payment of the publick debts of 
the Province, and for the future Support of the Gov- 
ernment, to the Month of May next. 

I think, My Lords, that it is the General Consent of 



15^ ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

the Inhabitants that this Province, never was in a 
better State of Peace and Tranquihty, then at this day, 
nor have I lately had any Account, of any Riotous 
Attempts in any part of the Province. 

My Lords, I wish the Proprietors (and so I have told 
some of them once and again) wou'd bring forward 
their Actions of Trespass and Ejectment against such, 
as they think Illegally possess Lands, but they dont 
seem to incline to it, I have also mentioned to His 
Majesty Council, the making out a Peremptory Order, 
to the Kings Attorney General, to prosecute such, as 
have been Apprehended, and lye under Bonds, (as 
Rioters) but this the Council dont seem to fall in with, 
and so I am at a loss what further Steps to take, in 
these Affairs. 

I have the Honour to be with Great Respect 
My Lords Your Lordships Most 

Obedient & Most Humble Servant 

J. Belcher 



Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to Robert Hunter 
Morris — complaining of being left without assist- 
ance in securing the approval of an Act relative 
to the boundai^y between Neiu York and New 
Jersey. 

[From original draft amonp Paris Papers in N. J. Hist. Soc. Lib., Bundle H, No. 58.J 

Surry Street London 18. Aug' 1753 

To EoB^ Hunter Morris Esq' 
Sir 

* * * I find my Self in such a Case, as I never 
was, in my whole life. Engaged in a matter of vast im- 
portance to the p'tys concerned, at such a Crisis as this, 
without power to represent them, without Instructions 



l7o3] VDMINISTHATrOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 153 

what to do for them, without the proof of Facts, w'ch 
you might have supplyed, without one penny of provi- 
sion for the late very great expense, or that which is to 
ensue, without knowing how to write to you, without 
knowing who will be Bail or Security, on appealing ag' 
the Lords of Trades Report, And yet must do Some- 
thing & that instantly too. Or otherwise, that Report 
will be confirmed, & (as I fear) much injury arise, 
thereby to your & my Principalis. 

I had once resolved to do nothing at all, in it, but let 
it take its Fate as I was left in such an helpless Condi- 
tion, but, when I considered y^ great importance of 
the m've, the regard I have, for Every Clyent, soon 
made me alter that Resolution. 

I now enclose you a Copy of the Lords of Trade most 
extraordinary Report, ag* the New Jersey Act for Set- 
tling the Bounds towards New York. That Report 
was dated the 18'" of July last, and, instead of advis- 
ing the Crown, Singly, either to ratify, or to disallow, 
the New Jersey Act, It runs into so many extraneous 
matters, & comes to such Opinions, upon All those 
matters, that you did not expect & will be much Sur- 
prised at, when you see, and come to consider the 
Report. 

The 19^'' of July the King referred that Rep- to a 
Com'^^ of his Privy Councill. 

On the '26'^ of July (w'ch was the first Com*-^' that 
was held, after that Ref""") I moved for leave to have 
out a Copy of that Rep-, w'ch was ordered, accord^?^' 

On Saturday the 28".' of July, at near midnight, I 
got Out a Copy of it. 

On Sunday the 29"' of July, I had a Copy, imedi- 
ately, made for you. And early on Monday morning, 
the 30"' of July, I sent that Copy, to yo' Lodgings & 
desired your directions what to do on y" occasion; but 
heard that you was gone out of Town, with yo' Sister, 
on Sunday, the day before. 



154 ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHEH. [1753 

That same Night, I forwarded that Copy, with a 
letter to you, hoping it might meet you, at Dover, but 
it was returned to me, by the post, again, with an 
Acco' that you was Sayled from thence. 

From that time to the present, I have inquired of 
D^ Cox, Mr Stuart M^ Catherwood, M': Furman, M' 
Barclay, & every other p'son I could think of, how to 
write, either to yourself, or to yo": Sister, but without 
Any Success. 

In the mean time, the New York Agent who, it 
seems, knew you was gone, & imagined (as the truth 
really was) that I was wholly uninstructed, gave me a 
Notice, so early as on the 4"' Instant (so great a hurry 
was never before known, in the like case) that he 
would move the Com'^^ of Councill, on the 7'-' Instant, 
to confirm the Lords of Trades Report, (I send you a 
Copy of the Notice, enclosed). 

When the 7'-' of Aug- came, you will Judge what a 
Case I was in; I was driven to do One, of two things. 
Either, to say that I had no Instructions to oppose the 
Confirm'' of that Eeport, In w'ch Case y* whole Report 
would have been that Instant, confirmed, by y'' opin- 
ion of the Com'°*' of Councill, or else, to say that I 
would oppose it, & pray time to prepare a petition for 
that purpose. 

I chose the latter, and thereby Stopt the Confiriia- 
tion then. 

And I did so, for the reasons before men*! & also 
because you had given me some very general Ord" 
(before ever you saw the extraordinary Contents of 
the Report) to Oppose it either in M'." Penns name, or 
in Ma': Lanes name (as the Leader in the West Jersey 
Societys Affairs) or, if neither of those could be done, 
then in yo' own Name, but so, as not too much to of- 
fend y*" Board of Trade. 

I have, since, seen both M"" Penn, & Ma"^ Lane, but 
find no inclinac'on in either of them to imbarque in 



1753] ADiflNISTKATION OF GOVERNOU BELCHER. 155 

such an expensive Affair, & of w'ch they know 
so very Httle, 

So was obUged to propose a Petition, in the name of 
the Councill of Proprietors, ag* the s*^ Report. That 
pet° I have layd before M'i Hume Campbell, for him to 
Settle; And I enclose you a Copy of it just as I layd it 
before him; How, & in what Shape, it will come back, 
from him, I cannot tell you: Possibly, he will at least, 
alter such p'^ of it as set forth his ownnon attendance. 
I think I have dealt as tenderly as I could, with y^ 
Lords of Trade (who are certainly mistaken in some 
facts) & so I have tranciently set forth in y'' Dr* of y*" 
pet" w'ch I have prepared, but whether it comes up to 
yo"" Spirit, or intention, or whether I have sayd too 
much, or too little in yo'" opinion, is impossible for me 
to know; If I have erred in it, it has not been by de- 
sign, but from the Scituation I wa.s left in, on w'ch 
Acco- I hope great allowances will be made, as indeed 
there should be. 

While M'' Hume is setling the dra- of the Petic'on, I 
am hunting abo- to see if M'" Barclay, or any of yo"" 
Friends will give the Security for costs required by the 
Standing Ord' of >* Councill Board, in all Cases where 
p'tys, who have been heard as the Board of Trade, pe- 
tic'on against their Reports & am in much doubt of 
finding any p'son to be such Security, tho' that is re- 
quired to be done, before even y'' petic'on is to be 
rece'd. 

In the mean time I have done my very best, & my 
utmost, & stand acquitted in my own breast of the 
Consequences, be they what they may. 

I beg you would i mediately, on rec' hereof, write me 
at large, as well as give me proper Ord'^ for the neces- 
sary Supply, for I do not doubt but that will be brought 
on, as soon as ever the Lords meet again, in October or 
Nov"". & remain with great respec Sir 

Your most obed- hu'ble Serv' 

Feedlsand John Paris. 



156 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERKOR BELCHER. [1753 



Circular Letter from the Lords of Tr-ade to the Gover- 
nors in America — relative to a proposed interview 
to he held with the Six Nations of Indians. 

(From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. VI, p. 803.] 

To Jonathan Belcher Esquire Governor of New 

Jersey. 

Sir 

His Majesty having been pleased to order a sum of 
money to be issued for presents to the Six Nations of 
Indians and to direct his Governor of New York to 
hold an interview with them, for delivering those 
presents, for burying the hatchet, and for renewing 
the Covenant Chain with them: we think it our duty 
to acquaint you therewith, and as we find it has been 
usual upon former occasions when an interview has 
been held with those Indians, for all His Majesty's 
Colonies whose interest and security is connected with 
& depends upon them, to join in such interview, and 
as the present disposition of those Indians & the at- 
tempts which have been made to withdraw them from 
the British interest, appears to us to make such a 
general interview more particularly necessary at this 
time; we desire you will lay this matter before the 
Council and General Assembly of the Province under 
your government and recommend to them forthwith 
to make a proper provision for appointing Commission- 
ers, to be joined with those of the other Governments 
for renewing the Covenent Chain with the Six Na- 
tions and for making such presents to them as has 
been usual upon the like occasions. And we desire 
that in the Choice and nomination of the Commis- 
sioners, you will take care that they are men of char- 
ater ability and integrity, and well acquainted with 



1753] ADMIXISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 157 

Indian Affairs. As to the time and place of meeting 
it is left to the Governor of New York to fix it, and 
he has orders to give you early notice of it. We 
are, Sir 

Your very loving friends 

and humble Servants 

Dunk Halifax 
Jam: Grenville 

DUPPLIN 

Whitehall Septemb: 18 1753 

A like letter was sent to the Governors of Virginia, 
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maryland and Penn- 
sylvania. 



Letter from Robert Hunter Morris to Ferdinand John 
Paris — in answer to his of August ISth. 

I From (irigiual among papers of Mr. Paris iu Hist. yoc. Library, Bmidle H, No. 62. | 

To Ferd John Paris Esq'' 

Spa Sep^ 11 1753 

Sir 

I came to this place yesterday from a tour I had 
taken to the Rhine, and then first saw your letter of 
Aug^ 18"*'"-**** 

You may well remember what pass'd when I was last 
with you at the Plantation office, and at other times 
when the report of the board of trade was under our 
Consideration; when it was agreed between us to 
oppose the ap})robation of that part of tlie report, 
relating to the Transactions about the station point 
upon Delaware, it being a matter that was not properly 
before the board; and upon which our Council had 
never been heard; and not only so, but because West Jer- 



158 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

sey was greatly Interested, and no party to the contest; 
This opposition we agreed should be made in the Naaie 
of the West Jersey society, or of M' Penn, if they— or 
Either of them would consent, and if not, then in my 
name or that of the Eastern Prop'' who the Board 
knew were represented by me. The reason I gave for 
this Method, was, that I was unwilling to offend the 
board of Trade, but nevertheless could not suffer a 
report that so greatly Affected the Interest of those I 
had undertaken to serve, to be confirmed, without 
giving it all the opposition, in my power. 

In order to induce the Jersey society, to take part in 
this affair, I first wrote to their Secretary, and then 
waited on Master Lane, to whom I shew'd in what 
manner West Jersey, & Consequently the Society 
would be affected by the Confirmation of that Report, 
and convinced him that it was necessary for them to 
appear in the thing, and referr'd him to you who was 
fully Master of the Subject, for the proper method of 
opposing it: He promised me to lay the matter before 
the committee, & to consult you upon the Head, & 
made no doubt but the committee would take a, proper 
part in the affair. Thus stood matters when I left 
England, and was I now upon the spot I could not put 
'em upon a better footing, or give fuller instructions. 

You say you are without Power, without Instruc- 
tions, without Proofs, without money for the past or 
future expence, and without proper security. 

As to Powers you have Just the same you have 
always had in this and other affairs of the Prop" if 
more were necessary, why was it not mentioned to 
me ? and if I am not greatly mistaken, I have more 
than once offered to Execute any Instrument for that 
purpose that you thought necessary. As to Instruc- 
tions I gave as full as was then, or is now in my 
power: and the proof of facts are all in your own 
hands; and by your well drawn Petition it appears you 



1753] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOK BELCHER. 159 

are fully furnished. As to Money you might have had 
it, for asking for, as I wrote you upon a former occa- 
sion; and as you can't say I have disputed, or neglected 
to pay any bill you have sent me, either upon my own 
or the proprietors acc- you need not have been so 
apprehensive as to the future expence. Security 
indeed I gave no directions about nor did I know till 
I had yours that it was necessary, and had you men- 
tioned it to me either before, or at the time I took my 
leave of you, I should have given Proper directions; 
however, if Bail be wanted before my return, Inclosed 
is a letter to Mess? Barclay & son to be, or procure it. 

I have read over the Petition, and think it very fully 
& properly drawn, and approve of every step you have 
taken in this affair ****** 

I am surprised that Catherwood should pick up and 
tell such an Idle tale of my landing my sister and pro- 
ceeding to America, and much more so, that it should 
gain any the least, credit with you when I had told 
you where I was going, and that I should soon return; 
I am at a loss for the reason of your sending such a 
letter as yours to America, where you had the greatest 
reason to think that I was not, and where it can have 
no other effect but to make my friends uneasy con- 
cerning my safety, — for as to any thing else I am too 
well known in that country to be at all apprehensive 
about it. 

I propose to Return to England very soon, and shall 
be glad to afford my best Assistance in this or any 
thing, else that concerns the Interest of New Jersey 
in Gen', or that of the Prop" in Particular, and in the 
Mean time am Sir 

Your Most Obed' Humble Serv' 
RobT H Morris 



160 ADMINISTRATIOX OF CiOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 



Petition of the Proprietors of East Jersey to the King 
— asking to he heard against the Representation 
from the Lords of Trade, recommending the re- 
peal of the Boundary Act of 1747. 

[From a certified copy amonp Papers of F. J. Paris in N. J. Hist. Soc. Library, 

Bundle H.J 

To THE Kings most Excell^ Maj^''^ in 

COUNCILL 

The humble Petition of the Council of Proprie- 
tors of the Eastern Division of Your Maj- 
estys province of New Jersey 

Sheweth 

That His late Majesty King Charles the 2"'' in the 
year 1603 Granted to his Brother James then Duke of 
York in Fee Sundry large Tracts and Territory s in 
america and amongst others those which are now 
called the provinces of New York and New Jersey To 
be held of His said Majesty his Heirs and Successors 
as of His Manor of East Greenwich in the County of 
Kent in Free and Common Soccage and not in Capite 
or by Knights service Yielding 4( » Beaver Skins yearly 
when demanded. 

That the said Duke of York in June 1(U>4 Granted 
away one part of the said Territories (since called the 
province of New Jersey) unto the Lord Berkley and 
Sir George Carterett in Fee and the Boundary of that 
part at present Material to be stated (and which was 
to Divide the particular Tract so Granted away from 
the Dukes other Territorys which he did not Grant 
out) was as follows and (extendeth), "'to the North 
" ward as far as the Northernmost Branch of the said 
" Bay or River of Delaware which is in 41 Degrees and 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 161 

"" forty Minutes of Latitude and Crosseth over thence 
" in a Strait Line to Hudsons River in -11 Degrees of 
Latitude" — which was a Boundary as plain and Sim- 
ple and attended with as Little Doubt or Uncertainty 
as the Boundary of any province in America at that 
Time was. 

Notwithstanding which as both the provinces of 
New York and New Jersey afterwards became and for 
a Great length of Time were under the Government of 
one and the same Governor And New York had the 
Greater Strength and Influence of the two New Jersey 
hath never been able to get the said Boundary Settled 
altho every reasonable Endeavour hath been used in 
order thereto and altho the cultivation and settlement 
of those parts as well as the peace & Government of 
the Inhabitants of these provinces and the Rights and 
propertys of persons seating there are all most Emi- 
nently concerned therein 

But so far otherwise has been the Case that while 
the s" Boundary has remained unsettled pretended 
Grants have been made by the Governors of New 
York of Enormous Quantitys of Land at Minute and 
Trifhng Quit Rents And the Grantees of such Quan- 
titys (who have been persons of power & Influence in 
New York) have by every means obstructed the settle- 
ment of the said Boundary In order thereby to have 
the better opportunity to Extend such Grants into and 
to Encroach upon the property of Your Majestys other 
Subjects in New Jersey 

That in 1676 Deeds of partition were made between 
the said Sir George Carteret on the one part and 
William penn Esq' and others (who were the assignees 
under Lord Berkeley) on the other part of that whole 
Tract which had been before Granted by the Duke of 
York into two distinct parts between themselves the 
Eastern part of which (since called East New Jersey) 
was thereby released unto the said Sir George Car- 
12 



162 ADMINISTEATION OF GOVEllNOR BELCHER. [1753 

terett in Fee and the western part thereof (since called 
West New Jersey) was released unto the said William 
penn and others the assignees of the said Lord Berkley 
in Fee 

That by the said Deeds the Division was so agreed 
upon by the proprietors of the soil as that the Line of 
partition between East & West Jersey was to begin 
at & from the station Point on the Northermost 
Branch of Delaware Eiver at the Latitude of 41 De- 
grees and 40 Minutes (which was the north station 
point mentioned in the said Duke of Yorks Grant) 
So that West Jersey as well -as East Jersey were both 
concerned and Interested in fixing that north station 
point 

That the said Eastern part of New Jersey having 
being Granted out and Conveyed by Sir George Car- 
terett unto the said William penn & others to the 
number of 24 proprietors (whose Representatives are 
still intitled to the same) The Duke of York by his 
other Confirmatory Grant of 24"' March 1682 Con- 
firmed unto the said 24 proprietors the said Eastern 
part of New Jersey by words expressly referring to the 
before mentioned Deeds of partition which had been 
made as afores*^ between the proprietors of the said 
whole province 

That from the year 1669 to the year 1684 the pro- 
prietors GovF & Council of the Province of New Jersey 
purchased from the Indians and granted out to sundry 
persons great part if not the whole of the Lands lying 
Eastwards up to the strait Line which was to run 
cross the Country from the north station point to the 
south station i:)oint, and their Grantees settled and 
Cultivated the same or Great parts thereof 

But in the year 1684 the Duke of York not having 
Granted away his other Territory called New York 
but Continuing seized thereof and coming to the 
Crown his Governor in New York then and afterwards 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 163 

took upon him to make Grants (as from New York 
Government) of Lands long before Granted out by and 
held under Grants from New Jersey 

And the proprietors of New Jersey having some 
Years afterwards Surrendered their Claim of Govern- 
ment there to the Crown the provinces of New York 
and New Jersey were for many Years put under one 
and the same person as Governor of both provinces 
tho' by Distinct Commissions issued under the Great 
Seal for the Government of the said respective 
provinces 

That the two Station points not having been settled 
and ascertained and different Grantees under different 
Governments claiming the self same Lands it not only 
prevented the settling and Cultivating those parts but 
also bred Quarrels and Disputes as to Jurisdiction and 
property and affected Government itself and was at- 
tended with all the other Evils and Mischiefs that 
Commonly ensue from uncertain Boundary s & Juris- 
dictions. 

To put an End to which Evils in the year 1717 when 
M' Hunter was Governor of both the provinces of 
New York and New Jersey under his late Majesty an 
Act of Assembly was first passed in New York to 
make a large Number of paper Bills of Credit to be ap- 
plied to two several purposes, The first to pay and 
Discharge several Debts then already due from New 
York to a long hst of persons (all Enumerated in De- 
tail in the Body of said Act) And the other purpose 
was to raise and put into the Hands of the Treasurers 
of New York sev! Quantitys of Plate to be applied to 
other the publick and Necessary Uses of that Colony. 

And the said Act among other the publick and nec- 
essary Uses of New York for which it was making 
provision, Recited, That the Partition Lines between 
New York and Connecticut and between New York 
and New Jersey were necessary to be known and as- 



164 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

certained in order that such of the Inhabitants of New 
York whose Estates or Habitations were adjacent to 
and bordered on the s' partition Lines might peaceably 
and without molestation enjoy the Fruits of their In- 
dustry and that the Government might not be De- 
frauded of the publick Taxes that might Arise and 
become due from the said Inhabitants by their pre- 
tending that they did not dwell within New York, And 
it therefore Enacted that the Quantity of Y50 Ounces of 
plate (part of the plate to be left in the Treasurers 
Hands) should be applied to defray that part of the 
Charge of running Surveying & ascertaining the par- 
tition Line Limit and Boundary between New York 
and New Jersey which might be requisite for New 
York to pay, to be Issued by Warrant under the Hand 
and Seal of the Governor of New York for the Time 
being by and with the advice and Consent of His Maj- 
estys Councill in such parts and proportions as should 
be requisite for that Service when the Survey ascer- 
taining and running of the said Line Limit a ad Boun- 
dary should be begun and carried on by the Mutual Con- 
sent and agreement of the Governor and Counsel of New 
York and the proprietors of the soil of New Jersey — 
And the Sum of 750 Ounces (part of the aforesaid 
plate left in the Treasurers Hands) was to be issued as 
aforesaid to defray that part of the Charge of running 
the partition Line Limit and Boundary between New 
York & Connecticut which should be requisite for New 
York to pay when the Survey ascertaining & running 
of the said Line Limit and Boundary should be begun 
and Carried on by the Mutual Consent and agreement 
of the Governor and CounciU of New York and the 
Governor and Councill of Connecticut — Which Lines 
being run ascertained and agreed on by the Survey- 
ors and Commissioners of each Colony as aforesaid 
It was thereby Enacted should for ever thereafter be 
deemed taken be and remain as the partition Line 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 165 

Limit and Boundary of the Colony of New York And 
all Bodies Corporate & politick and all other persons 
whatsoever within the province of New York were to 
be for ever Concluded thereby 

That when the s'^ Act was Transmitted for the 
Royal pleasure great opposition was made here to the 
same not only as it was an Act creating paper Mony 
but also particular Objections were made to the partic- 
ular Clauses of the said Act herein before humbly 
Haled And after such particular Notice of that part of 
the said Act and one or more Hearings on that Occa- 
sion His late Majesty by His Order in Councill of the 
19^^ of May 1Y20 was pleased to allow and ratify the 
whole and every part of the said New York Act. 

That the proprietors of New Jersey (then under the 
same Governor with New York) were Extremely 
pleased that New York by their said Act passed in 171Y 
had led the way in order to a long desired Settlement 
of the Bounds in Contest And thereupon in the next 
ensuing Year 1718 An Act of Assembly was pass't in 
New Jersey of hke Tenor & i^urport with that before 
passed in New York with relation to the settUng the 
Boundary s. 

For it recited that many disputes & Controversies 
had then of late happened betwixt the proprietors & 
Owners of Lands in New Jersey and the owners of 
Lands in New York which lay near to or adjoining 
upon the Divison Line as well between the officers of 
the Government and a Number of lawless Men there 
who eluded the laws of both provinces and paid Taxes 
to neither pretending to be Situate in each of them to 
serve their evil purposes of Disobedience to the Lawful 
Commands and Demands of the officers of the Gov- 
ernment. 

To prevent which for the future and in Order that 
such of the Inhabitants of New Jersey whose Estates 
or Habitations were adjacent to or bordered on the 



166 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

said partition Line might peaceably and without 
Molestation enjoy the Fruits of their Labour and the 
Government might not be defrauded of the publick 
Taxes that were or might arise or become due from 
the said Inhabitants by their pretending that they did 
not dwell within New Jersey It Enacted That there 
should be two or more Commissioners with the Sur- 
veyor General appointed by the Governor of New 
Jersey by and with the Consent of the Councill who 
should be Impowered by a Commission under the 
Great Seal of New Jersey to Join with such Commis- 
sioners and Surveyors as sho*^ be appointed on the part 
and behalf of New York Which said Commissioners 
& Surveyors so appointed & Commissionated as afore- 
said sho'' on the part and behalf of New Jersey run 
Survey agree on and ascertain the said Line Limits 
and Boundarys between New Jersey & New York ac- 
cording to the true Limits thereof as near as conve- 
niently could be done 

And further Enacted That when such Commissioners 
as should be appointed by the governor by and with 
the advice and Consent of the Councill with the sur- 
veyor General of New Jersey had joined with such 
Com miss'' and Surveyors as should be appointed for 
and on the behalf of New York they should make re- 
turn of the same under their Hands and Seals to the 
governor of New Jersey for the Time being Which 
return should be filed and recorded in the Secretarys 
office of New Jersey, Which said Line of Division or 
partition betwixt new Jersey and New York being- 
ascertained run and agreed on and recorded as afore- 
said should for ever thereafter be deemed taken be 
remain and Continue the partition Line Limit and 
Boundary betwixt New Jersey and New York And all 
Bodies politic & Cor])orate and all other persons what- 
soever within New Jersey or any Claiming any Right 
& pro])erty therein should be Concluded by the same 
Any Law Usage Custom or pretence to the Contrary 



1753] ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 167 

That the said New Jersey Act was Transmitted to 
Great Britain for the Royal pleasure and having never 
received any Disapprobation is apprehended to be in 
full force in New Jersey 

That M- Hunter Your Majestys Governor who passed 
both the said Acts in New York and New Jersey was 
by his late Majestys Royal Commission & Instructions 
and had been for along Time before he passed the said 
Acts commanded to Transmit to His Majesty a Map 
with the Exact Description of the whole Territories in 
the said respective Governments under his Command 

That in the same Sessions of the New Jersey Assem- 
bly in 1718 another act was there passed for running 
and ascertaining the Line of partition or Subdivision 
between the Eastern and Western Divisions of New 
Jersey and for preventing Disputes for the future con- 
cerning the same and for securing to the General pro- 
prietors of the soil of each of the Divisions and persons 
claiming under them their several and respective pos- 
sessions right & Just Claims which Act Confirmed 
the agreement contained in the Indenture of 1676 as 
the partition to be made between the Eastern & West- 
ern part of New Jersey But forasmuch as (for want of 
the partition Line having been settled) persons under 
Western Rights had taken up Lands in the Eastern 
parts and so vice versa, therefore the said Line was to 
be run as formerly agreed, And if one side had taken 
up more Lands of the others than that other side had 
taken up of theirs the respective Divisions were to 
make allowance to each other for the same but the 
settlers and Improvers were to Continue possessed of 
their particular Lands and those Lands which had 
been taken up by western Rights were to be Consid- 
ered as part of the west Division tho' lying in the 
Eastern part and so vice versa 

That the said several acts of assembly having been 
passed in both the said provinces under his late Majes- 



168 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

tys Governor for the very necessary purposes aforesaid 
Two Commissions issued in his late Majestys name 
under the great Seal of those respective provinces for 
the settling the said Boundarys in Dispute 

The said Commission on the part of New Jersey 
issued first of the two upon the 31'-' Day of March 1719 
by the Express advice and Consent of His Majestys 
Gov'' and Councill of New Jersey and it recited many 
of the grants Deeds of partition Acts and matters herein 
before humbly Stated and authorized two persons to 
be Commissioners for the Eastern Division of New 
Jersey and two others to be Commissioners for the 
Western Division of New Jersey and the Surveyor 
General of both those Divisions in Conjunction with 
the Commissioners and Surveyors to be appointed on 
the part of new York to do several Distinct matters 
that is to say 

To Inspect and Survey all such streams of water 
that formed the River of Delaware as they should Es- 
teem necessary to be Inspected or Surveyed in order to 
find out and Determine which of the Streams was the 
northernmost Branch of Delaware River and when 
such Branch was so discovered they were Carefully 
according to the best of their knowledge and under- 
standing to discover and find out that part of the said 
Northernmost Branch of Delaware River that lay in 
the Latitude of 41 Degrees and 40 Minutes which was 
the North partition point of New Jersey and the point 
as well of the Line of Division between the Eastern 
and western Divisions of New Jersey as that place 
where the Line of partition between New York and 
New Jersey terminated All which the said Commis- 
sioners and Surveyors were thereby required distinctly 
to Certify under their Hands and seals to the GoYernor 
of New Jersey to be filed and recorded in the Secretarys 
office there 

And then the said Commission Ceased to give any 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 169 

further powers to those Commissioners and Surveyors 
for West New Jersey as the Western part of New 
Jersey had no other concern whatever in the other 
parts of the Division which affected only East New 
Jersey and New York. 

But the said Commission further Impowered the 
said two Commissioners and Surveyors for East New 
Jersey in Conjunction with the Commissioners and 
Surveyors for New York to discover the South Station 
point at 41 Degrees on Hudsons River and to run out 
the Strait Line from the North Station point to the 
South Station point in such manner as therein was 
mention all which those Commiss" and Surveyors 
were also to return Distinctly under their Hands and 
Seals to the Governor of New Jersey to be filed and re- 
corded in the Secretary s office there 

That as to the Commission issued by New York on 
that occasion it appears by Sundry minutes of his 
Majesty s Governor and Council of New York Dated 
the le*"^ and 23" of April the 2" of May and the 17'" and 
20^'' of June 1719 that the said Governor and Council 
of New York had this matter under their Considera- 
tion and particularly by their Joint Minute of the 2' of 
May they jointly ordered that a Commission should 
issue under the Great Seal of that province to two 
persons therein named as Commissioners and to a 
third person therein also named as Surveyor for that 
province for running and ascertaining the said Division 
Line And by the said Minutes of the 2'' of May and 17"' 
and 20"' June and divers other Subsequent minutes the 
s'' Governor and Council of New York jointly ordered 
out several sums of Money to their s'' Commissioners 
and Surveyor on account of the s'^ work 

A.nd a Commission issued under the Great Seal of 
New York authorizing the said Commissioners and 
Surveyor (so appointed for New York) to do in Con- 
junction with those for New Jersey All the like mat- 



170 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

ters and things as were mentioned and particularized 
in the said other Commission from New Jersey 

That according as the said New York Commission 
now Stands Entered in the Books at New York it 
seems as if it had been made to bear Date upon the 1'' 
Day of the said May which was the Day next before 
that when the said Joint Minute of Governor & Coun- 
cil ordering the same to issue bears Date But by what 
means or mistake soever that small Impropriety in 
point of Date now appears upon the New York Entry s 
(which appear in themselves to be very incorrect) your 
petitioners humbly hope it is abundantly Clear from 
the many Minutes of the Gov' and Council of New 
York botli before and after the Date of the said New 
York Commission that the same issued in exact Con- 
formity to the said New York Act of Assembly of 1717 
(which was afterwards confirmed by his late Majesty 
in Council) and particularly with the Consent of both 
the Governor and Council of New York. 

That the Bounds in Question were first and precisely 
mentioned in the s? Duke of Yorks Grant of New Jer- 
sey to Lord Berkley and Sir George Carteret to be by 
imaginary Lines in the Heavens of 41 Degrees and 40 
Minutes on the Northernmost Branch of Delaware 
River and 41 Degrees on Hudsons River And the Com"".^ 
and Surveyors were not authorized nor had any Power 
given them to make any Contract or Bargain or to 
give or take Lands from the one Province to the other 
or to enlarge or diminish either of the Provinces but 
solely according to Rules of Art to survey and ascer- 
tain upon the Earth that Part of Northernmost Branch 
of Delaware River and that Part of Hudson's River 
which lay under and corresponded to those respective 
imaginary lines in the Heavens and to draw a strait 
Line from the one to the other without Prejudice 
Favour or affection. 

So that your Petitioners most liumbly submit to 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 171 

your Maj'ty as the Ascertainment of Boundarys is so 
essentially necessary not only to the well being but 
even to the Settlement & Cultivation at all of distant 
Regions in America and that the leaving the Boundarys 
unsettled and undetermined is attended with so many 
and great Evils whether your Majesty will not be 
graciously pleased to give Countenance to every fair 
Endeavour to attain so much good and to avoid so 
many Mischiefs More especially considering the nature 
of the Boundary now in Question and that the s*^ 
Comm".^ issued in pursuance of an Act of Assembly to 
which the Royal Assent was afterwards given & by 
the joint Consent of your Majesty's GovF and Coun- 
cils in both your s'' Provinces of New York and New 
Jersey. 

That the said Comm''.* and Surveyors began their s'' 
Work and all of them unanimously fixt and ascertained 
the North Station Point at the Latitude of 41 Degrees 
and 40 Minutes upon the Northernmost Branch of 
Delaware River. And when they had so finished that 
distinct Part of the Work which concerned all the 
three Partys viz^ New York East New Jersey and 
West New Jersey they pursuant to the Directions in 
their s*? respective Com'"* made a distinct Return of 
that separate Matter by a solenju Ind're Tripartite bear- 
ing date 25 July 1719 which was executed by every 
one of them under their hands and seals whereby they 
declared and certified which was the most Northern 
Branch of the River of Delaware and the exact & par- 
ticular Place upon that Branch of 41 Degrees & 40 
Minutes of Latitude Which they described by a great 
Number of precise Landmarks so as to fix and ascer- 
tain the same in the most clear manner and such their 
Return was filed of Record in both the said Provinces 
of New York and New Jersey. 

That the first Point or North Station being thus 
fixed it was most easy to discover where the other 



172 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

South Station Point at 41 degrees upon Huison's River 
would fall & consequently it presently appeared that 
the great and exorbitant Grants which had been made 
under New York extended into and encroached upon 
the Lands in New Jersey. 

And therefore a most extraordinary Method was 
contrived to put a Stop to the further Progress as to 
the other Station Point & the strait Line from the one 
to the other of those two Points. 

And in order to stop the further Progress upon the 
Residue of the s*^ Work Allan Jarrat the New York 
Surveyor alone & without the Concurrence of any one 
(even of the New York Cora""-^) presented a Petition to 
the President and Council of New York on 24 Sep^ 1719 
seting forth that he pursuant to the Trust reposed in 
him had in Conjunction with the New Jersey Com" 
& Surveyor proceeded to the Latitude of 41 Degrees 
and 40 Minutes and had taken sundry repeated Obser- 
vations in July then last by a Brass Quadrant of 22 
Inches Radius and that that Latitude had been deter- 
mined and adjusted after 4 repeated Observations with 
the Plumett at each End of the Quadrant which were 
found not to differ each from the other above half a 
Minute and that the Difference being so small was 
adjusted by a mean between the Diffei-ences of the s'' 
Observations as might appear by a Journal ready to be 
produced. 

But that from thence they went to a Place nigh to 
where they judged the other Station might fall upon 
Hudson's River and made Observations in the Month 
of August then last in order to adjust the Latitude of 
41 Degrees with the s'' Quadrant And that there hav- 
ing a good Sun and clear Weather by Observ'"-* made 
with a Plumett at the End of the Quadrant and then 
with the Plumett at the Middle or two Thirds of the 
Quadrant such Observations differed each from the 
other about four Minutes That therefore he conceived 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 173 

great Difficulty to decide the true Latitude of 41 
Degrees in so wide a difference of Observations by so 
small an Instrument It requiring a larger Instrument 
and the most exquisite Exactness & nicety to deter- 
mine Wherefore to vindicate himself from future 
Aspersions and being prest upon by the Com"".' to pro- 
ceed he laid that Matter before the President & Coun- 
cil & prayed them to give him Instructions to direct 
his Judgment. 

That the s? Jarratts Petition was referred to a Com*^^* 
of the Co! of New York who as it is pretended upon 
the very same 2-1:"' of Septbr 1719 made some Keport 
that Jarratt who had acted in the former Part of the 
Work and in the executing the s-' Ind're of 25 July 
1719 (all upon his Oath) had sayd then before that 
Com'^-^ that the first Observ"* whereby the first Station 
had been settled were taken at the Ends of the Quad- 
rant & that the Errors & Defects of it had not been 
discovered at that Time & therefore that the North 
Station Point upon the Fiwlikill was wrong & erro- 
neous notw'ithstand'' the Tripartite Ind'res w'*' had 
been executed there upon that Occasion. 

That the s- Eeport founded entirely upon what Jar- 
ratt say'' in opposition to what he and all the rest of 
the Com'".* & Surveyor had done signed and executed 
under their hands and seals under Sanction ol an Oath 
appeared so very extraordinary a Proceeding that such 
pretended Report was never confirmed even by the 
Council of New York itself that your Petitioners can 
discover. 

But notwithstanding that and that not one Third 
Part of the Work was done & even that as their Sur- 
veyor was now made to pretend not rightly neither 
yet their Surveyor was amply rewarded for his Doubts 
and Scruples For by several subsequent Minutes of 
the New York Council the whole 750 Ounces of Plate 
or £300 which by the New York Act had been appro- 



174 ADMINISTEATIOX OF GOVEKKOR BELCHER. [1753 

priated for doing the whole Work was ordered out to 
their Com'".^ & Surveyor which rewarded him for his 
Doubts. 

That New York never procured any larger Instru- 
ment to satisfy their own Surveyors Pretence of Doubt 
nor would proceed any further to settle the disputed 
Bounds The great Grantees under that Government 
knowing their own Power too well and dreading noth- 
ing more than a just and true Settlement of the 
Bounds which would put an End to their Encroach- 
ments and great and continual Quarrels and Tumults 
arose between the Persons near the contested Bounds 
and Bloodshed and Murders were like to ensue And 
the Inhabitants of New Jersey from time to time 
represented to their Government the great Invasions 
made in point of Jurisdiction as well as Property some 
of the same even down to Minisinks Island a Place 
about 40 Miles below the Noi'th Station Point so fixed 
as afs'^ of all which the President and Council of New 
Jersey from Time to Time made the most earnest and 
reiterated Complaints to the Government of New York 
and represented the great Dangers & Mischiefs arising 
from the Bounds not being settled and also prest them 
by that Duty which both Governments owed to his 
late Majesty's Com" and Instructions under the Great 
Seal to fix the Limits and Boundaries of both Prov- 
inces but all to no manner of Purpose. 

Whereupon on the 7"' of Septr 1744 your Pet" pre- 
sented a Memorial to your Majesty's Governor of New 
Jersey seting forth many of these Matters And pray- 
ing that an Act of Assembly might be past and might 
be sent home in order to your Majestys Approbation 
thereof for running the Eesidue of the said Lines ex- 
parte in Case New York would not after so many 
Endeavours join in running the same. 

After which and all the aforemenf amicable Endeav- 
ours had been used an Act of Assembly was passed by 



1753] ADMIXISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 175 

the Governor Council & Assembly of New Jersey upon 
the 18"' of Febry 1747 intitled an Act for running & 
ascertaining the Line of Partition & Division betwixt 
this Province of New Jersey and the Province of New 
York. 

Which Act recites the s"? Grant in 1663 from King 
Cha* the 2^ to the Duke of York & the s" Duke's Con- 
veyance of New Jersey to Lord Berkley and S'' George 
Carterett in June 1664 and the s^ Ind're Quintipartite 
of Partition in 1 676 made between the Proprietors of 
East and West Jersey and recites that the Division 
Line between New York and New Jersey not having 
been before settled New York past the Act for setling 
the same in 1717 and that New Jersey past the like 
Act in 1718 And also recites that in the same year 1718 
New Jersey past another Act for running the Line of 
Subdivision between the Eastern and Western Divi- 
sions of New Jersey And recites the said Ind're Tripar- 
tite of 25*!' July 1719 executed by all the Com"".^ and 
Surveyors for New York and for East Jersey and for 
West Jersey declaring where the true North Station 
Point was found to be And recites that many Endeav- 
ours had been used by the Gen? Proprietors of East 
Jersey for proceeding to fix the Latitude of 41 Degrees 
upon Hudson's Eiver and running the strait Line from 
one point to the other but that all the same had proved 
fruitless And that the Persons living near the Places 
in Question eluded the Laws in both Governm'.'' paid 
Obedience to neither Sometimes pretending to be in 
New York and sometimes to be in New Jersey as it 
best served their purpose to avoid paying Taxes and 
performing such Services as were done by other your 
Majesty's Subjects in both Colony's Likewise that 
many Persons owners of cons'ble Tracts of Land and 
wilhng to improve the same were deterred therefrom 
which had proved a great Hindrance to the further 
settling New Jersey and had encouraged several Per- 



176 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

sons belonging to New York to encroach upon New 
Jersey & disturb many People settled under the same. 

In Order therefore to prevent those Confusions and 
Distuibances which would otherwise unavoidably fol- 
low and to encourage further Settlem*? & Improvm*? in 
New Jersey & that such Persons as were already set- 
tled near the Bounds in Dispute might peaceably enjoy 
the Fruits of their Labour according to their several 
Eights. 

The s^- Bill or Act therefore proposed to Enact That 
the Com*"^ and Surveyor appointed or to be appointed 
for the Eastern Division of New Jersey pursuant to 
the former Act of 1718 should discover and fix the 
Latitude of 41 Degrees on Hudson's River and sho" 
run the strait Line bet" that Partition Point & the for- 
mer Partition Point settled in 1Y19 as afs". And in 
order that the same might be done truly and fairly as 
well as amicably & in Conjunction with Com'.^ & Sur- 
veyors to be appointed by New York The s'l Bill fm*- 
ther Enacted that Notice should be given by the GovV 
of New Jersey to the Govi" of New York at least nine 
months before beginning the same that, that Province 
might join if they thought fit But if New York should 
not appoint Persons to act or they not meet & Act 
then the New Jersey Com"".* to run and ascertain the 
same. 

And then the s'! Bill recited that Hudson's River in 
the Latitude of 41 was ab' a Mile broad & that a 
Quest" might arise whe' the Partition Point sho*^ be 
on the East or West Side or in the Middle of Hud- 
son's River And it Enacted that the Partition Point 
should be on the East side of Hudson's River, as near 
as possible in the middle between High and low water 
mark there. 

And the said Bill or Act contained four several pro- 
visoes to the following Effect. 

1. That the said Act should not affect the Estate 



1753] ADJUNISTRATION OF^GOVERNOR BELCHER. 177 

Right Title Claim or Demands of any person whatso- 
ever to any of the Lands within New Jersey But that 
all such Estates Rights Titles Claims and Demands 
should be saved and remain to the said persons in the 
same manner as if the said Act had never past. 

2. That the said Act should not be in force until the 
Royal Assent should be had thereto. 

3. That if Your Majesty should order that the parti- 
tion point on Hudsons River should be in the middle of 
that River or on the west side of it or at high or low 
water Mark or the middle betwixt them on either side 
that then your Majestys Declaration and order should 
be Effectual (which your petitioners humbly apprehend 
was a Dutiful Submission to your Majestys Royal 
Determination to which it certainly belonged of the 
only point that could be in Doubt). 

4. And the last proviso was That the whole Charge 
of obtaining the Royal Assent discovering and fixing 
the partition point on Hudsons River and running the 
said Strait partition Line (or so much thereof as should 
be Incumbent on New Jersey to pay) should be wholly 
raised and Defrayed out of the Estates of the General 
proprietors of the Eastern Division of New Jersey. 

That in order to proceed with the utmost Fairness 
after the said Act had been passed and before it was 
sent to Great Britain Your pet" Caused Copys of the 
same to be Served upon 28'!' June IT-IS upon your Maj- 
estys Governor in New York and upon the president 
of your Majestys Council and Speaker of the Assembly 
there together with a written Notice hoping and desir- 
ing that they would save the Trouble & Expence of 
an Application to England by joining to Settle and fix 
the Station point and run the Strait Line And that in 
Expectation of such Consent New Jersey would delay 
sending home the act not only for two Months but for 
any longer reasonable Time that should be desired. 

To which proposal your petitioners could obtain no 
13 



178 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

sort of Answer whatever either from the Council or 
Assembly of New York. 

But your petitioners are informed that your Maj- 
estys Governor of New York thought himself obliged 
on the Occasion to make some Representation to your 
Majestys Commissioners for Trade and plantations 
about the Y^l' of October 1748 whereby as your peti- 
tioners Apprehend he Certified to the said Lords Com- 
missioners That many Disorders had been Committed 
on the Borders of those provinces Occasioned by the 
Lines remaining unsettled That he had been requested 
by the late Governor of New Jersey to Join in the Set- 
tlement of the Line pursuant to Acts then and Still in 
force in both provinces for that purpose which he sh*^ 
readily have done but upon Enquiry found that the 
sum of 300 formerly raised by the New York Act of 
1717 had been long ago drawn out of the Treasury and 
paid to Conmi'' & Surveyor employed in that Service 
who began but never Completed the work and were 
since Dead and no other Money had ever been appro- 
priated in New York for that Service That he also 
found that all the Lands along the Line for many Miles 
within New York had been granted away upon trifling 
Quit Rents And that as it did not appear to him that 
the Interest of your Majestys Crown or of the province 
of New York in General were any way Concerned in 
the matter but only the patentees of the Lands along 
that Line he left it to the particular persons concerned 
to take such Steps as they sho'' think proper or to 
some such Effect. 

That a Bill so necessary to the very being of New 
Jersey and so harmless in its Nature as this appeared 
to be Your petitioners most humbly hoped migiit meet 
with Your Majestys Royal approbation For that with- 
out some Settlement of the Jurisdiction no man can 
enjoy his property at Quiet in New Jersey or have any 
Legal Redress against any Invader thereof The first 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 179 

Question on such occasions being whether the wrong 
supposed to be done was Committed in New Jersey or 
in New York and which Question cannot be deter- 
mined until the Boundarys are run to determine the 
respective Jurisdictions so that persons are under a 
necessity either of giving up their possessions to the 
first Invader or else to Defend the same by might as 
they can The mischievous Consequences whereof in 
a Colony that is SettUng Your pet'"' humbly apprehend 
to be great and Obvious. 

And the present Act was at least Intended for no 
more than to Settle the respective Jurisdictions that 
Persons might have the possibility of Defending or 
recovering their property by Law and was not intended 
to affect or prejudice any persons Kight the said Act 
having Expressly saved the Estates Rights Titles 
Claims & Demands of all persons in such manner as if 
the Act had never been passed. 

And therefore your petitioners humbly apphed to 
Your Majestys Commissioners for Trade & plant"' 
(unto whom Your Majesty had been pleased to refer 
the Consideration of the said Act) that they would 
report the same as proper for your Majestys Royal 
approbation and allowance. 

But the agent here for Your Majestys province of 
New York desired to be heard before the said Lords 
Commissioners against the said Act & prayed Time 
after Time for about four Years together to prepare 
for such hearing but never filed any memorial petition 
or written objection whatever to the said Act or to any 
part thereof nor ever declared what any one objection 
that he had against the said Act was until the very 
instant of hearing upon the same 

That at a hearing before the said Lords Com miss" 
upon Tuesday the 5"' of June 1753 the persons Em- 
ployed on the behalf of New York under Colour of re- 
plying in Support of a preliminary objection against at 



180 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

all entring into the Merits of the said Act of a sudden 
started many high and great points relative to the 
Merits of the Act of w^iich your petitioners had never 
had any the least Notice and which proceeding deprived 
your petit" of the means & opportunity of giving full 
answers to those matters so that your petitioners have 
not had any Opportunity then or at any time since to 
answer the same Much less had the proprietors of 
West Jersey any possibiUty of being heard to the same 
at all altho the Matters offered were such as very 
highly Concern those proprietors who had no Agent 
present and who are in the Close of the s'' Act Ex- 
pressly Exempted from being at any Charge at all re- 
lating to the said Act as they were apprehended not to 
be Concerned in the same 

That such matters so suddenly offered and by Sur- 
prize on the part of New York Your pet" humbly appre- 
hend have had great weight with the said Lords Com- 
missioners for want of your petitioners Answering the 
same for that their Lordships by a Report to Your 
Majesty dated IS"' July 1753 have been pleased to Cer- 
tify that they do not think fit to lay the said act before 
Your Majesty as fit to receive Your Royal Appro- 
bation. 

And in the said Report the said Lords Commissioners 
have stated at large many Reasons for such their 
Concluding opinion some of which Reasons (if the 
same sho** be approved by Your Majesty) might shake 
Antient settlements of property made by New Jersey 
and bring into Question most part of the Lands in that 
province. 

That from the Disorders in that province formerly 
represented to Your Majesty and occasioned by setting 
up the Title of the Indian Natives to the soil there in 
opposition to that under Your Majesty s Crown al- 
ready a great part of the property in that province is 
questioned and disputed and that in such a manner as 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 181 

that the Laws have not their Due force there and the 
Declaring the said proceeding had in order to Settle 
the Boundarys in 1719 which have relation to and 
Confirm the former Deeds of partition of 1676 made 
between the proprietors of East and West Jersey to 
be null as seems to be reported may (as Your Peti- 
tioners have too much Reason to fear) create Infinite 
other Suits and Contests relating to Titles there and 
may prove so prejudicial to property as to throw all 
matter relating to the same into Confusion to the 
utter undoing of the proprietors 

Your Petitioners therefore most humbly pray Your 
Majesty that you will be graciously pleased to take the 
Distrest and very particular Circumstances of your 
said Province of New Jersey into your Royal Consider- 
ation and that the several Matters which are Contained 
in the said Report of the 18*" of July 1753 may not be 
Confirmed But that Your petitioners may have an op- 
portunity of being heard against the same And that 
Your Majesty will be graciously pleased on the Cir- 
cumstances of this Case to approve of and Confirm the 
said New Jersey Act of Assembly of the year 1747 or 
to afford Your petitioners such other means of ascer- 
taining and Defending their propertysand of Enjoying 
the same free from Disturbance as to Your Majesty in 
Your Royal Wisdom and Justice shall seem meet 

And Your petitioners (as in all duty bound) shall 
ever pray e*" 

A true Copy from the Original Petition remaining 
in the Council Office. Steph Cottrell 

Witness Dan"- Cox 

Sam Kemble. 



182 ADMINISTRATION Ot GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 



Letter from Ferdinand John Paris to Robert Hunter 
Morris, in answer to his of September 11. 

[From the original draft among papers of F. J. Paris in Library of N. J. Historical 
Society, Bundle H., No. C4.] 

To the Hon^.'^ Rob* Hunter Morris Esq'" at Spa 

Surry Street London 24. Sept. 1753 
Sir 

I have your favor of the 11**" Instant, and as the 
Answering every part of it, in a minute manner, 
might give ye'self & me a good deal of trouble, I shall 
deferr that, until I have the pleasure of seeing you. 
Had you been pleased to see the Eeport of the Lords 
of Trade (vv'ch you acquainted me that you declined, 
altho' it was offered to be shewn to you) tfe furnished 
me, after that, with any directions, I sho** have fol- 
lowed them with great Care, as I usually do: But as 
you had not seen it & I found it to contain such very 
extraordinary matters, I beUeve, any faithful Agent, 
could have found himself, under as much difficulty & 
Anxiety, as I was at that Crisis of time, & would have 
wrote, as I did, to every place, where he imagined his 
L'res might have got to you. I am afrayd the proof 
of One very essential part is not in my hands, but 
rests with you; I mean, the enormous quantity of 
Lands, granted out by the New York Patents, & that 
is a Fact w'ch has great stress layd upon it & sh'' 
have, if Supported in Evedence. * * * 

I am glad the pet" is so well approved of, but in case 
I had begun such an Opposition, & embarqued in a 
large expense therein, of my own head, without 
pe'ticular ord", & that that measure had not been 
approved of, or had not been afterw*^' attended with 
Success, what a Case sho'' I have been then in ? * * 
I have got back the Dr*^ of y*' Pet" from IvP Hume, 
much approved, & but very little altered, cliiefly, in 
that p' (as I expected) where his own Non attendance 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 183 

was men" M"" Barclay * * is to give the security, 
this day the Pet" is to be lodged tomorrow, & on Wed- 
nesday, I expect there will be a general Councill, at 
which it may be referred down to y*" Comm'" 

To hope for a Continu" of y^ Act, at present, Or for 
a direct Reversal of the Report, wonld be very vain, 
wherefore I Imagine our endeavor must be, to get the 
Report, referred back again, to the Board of Trade, for 
Reconsideration. In such Case, it will be easy to shew 
them, that they have greatly mistaken y'' Fact in 
working up this Report which is the first, of its kind, 
that I ever seen 

I remain Sir 

Your most obed^ h'ble Serv* 

Ferdinand John Paris 



Petition of the House of Representatives of New Jer- 
sey to the King — asking that the Governor may 
he permitted to give his assent to a Bill making 
current £60,000 in Bills of Credit. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. 29.1 

To His Most sacred Majesty George the Second 
by the Grace of God of Great Britain 
France and Ireland King Defender of the 
Faith 

The Petition of the House of Representatives 

of the Colony of New Jersey in General 

Assembly met 

Most humbly Sheiveth 

That the frequent remittances to Great Britain of 
the foreign Specie drains this Colony thereof And 
renders a Currency of Our own absolutely necessary 
which induced the Legislature here in the Years 1730 



184 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

and 1733 to pass two Acts of General Assembly for 
emitting on Loan £60,000 in BiUs of Credit; to both 
which Acts Your Majesty was graciously pleased to 
give Your Eoyal Assent on the 4^'' of May 1733 and the 
4*'^ of May 1735 and the Bills emitted on the Act of 
1730 have long since been sunk according to the Tenor 
of that Act And the Currency of those Emitted on the 
Act of 1733 expired between Man & Man the Twenty 
fifth of March last 0. S. however by the Tenor of s^ 
Act those of them yet outstanding are to be received 
for Six Months after by the Commiss'* of the loan 
Office & the Treasurers of the respective Divisions of 
this Colony in which time there is no Reason to doubt 
but that the small i^art remaining will be fully paid in 
according to the Directions of the said Act & then an 
end will be put to a Currency which hath constantly 
maintained its Credit & been of great Service to the 
Publick. 

That in Obedience to Your Royal Pleasure signified 
by the Duke of Newcastle and thro' a becoming Zeal 
for the Success & Glory of Your Majestys Arms in 
the late War against the Powers of France & Spain 
this Colony hath exerted itself to the utmost of its 
ability & beside other Sums advanced on those Occa- 
sions is now actually involved in Debt upon Account 
thereof the Sum of Fifteen Thousand three hundred 
and Two Pounds & four pence which for want of other 
Funds wherewith to raise it was discharged by Paper 
Bills made Current at different times for that Purpose 
yet remaining to be Sunk 

That as no sure dependance can be placed on the 
foreign Specie for sinking the said Bills so some other 
Provision more certain is absolutely necessary to be 
made 

That as the Interest of the Paper Currency (which 
for a long series of time supported the Government) 
will henceforth yield no further Relief and as the 



1753] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 185 

Colony is involved in Debt upon Account of the late 
War those Circumstances concurring will render it 
unable to support Government so amply as heretofore 
unless effectually relieved 

That if the Colony is not timely supplyed with a 
Paper Currency a Scene of want and deep distress will 
enevitably ensue & indeed has already found utter- 
ance in the repeated Complaints of a needy People ex- 
hibited to this House by sundry Petitions wherein they 
represent their distress (who have the truest Sense of 
their own wants) and pray for another Emission of 
Paper Currency in terms most moving and truly af- 
fecting to Your Majestys Pet"^* which excite our Pity 
and Compassion towards them and the rather because 
We know their Complaints are genuine and unaffected 

That such emission of Paper Currency if granted 
would not only yield relief in the Premises but might 
also prove Beneficial to the British Merchants them- 
selves seeing it will not only be struck upon a stable 
Foundation & therefore not lyable to sink in Value but 
will also enable the Inhabitants of this Colony to dis- 
charge their Debts already Contracted for British 
Merchandize and likewise enable them to deal more 
largely for such Merchandize for the future than they 
could otherwise do for by this m ;ans they will be fur- 
nished with a Currency of their own not lyable to be 
drawn from them untill the legal expiration thereof 
and therefore can the better spare that little foreign 
Specie of which they are possessed not only m pay- 
ment of such Debts already Contracted but also in 
purchasing such other of the Bi-itish Merchandize 
which they may hereafter need 

May it please Your Majesty 

For enabling this Colony to Sink the Bills of Credit 
aforesaid made Current for the Service of the late War 
also for enabling the Colony to Support Government 



186 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

as amply as heretofore likewise for relieving the dis- 
tresses of a needy People and finally for the real advan- 
tage of the British Merchants themselves We Your 
Majestys Petitioners with great humility implore You 
to grant Your Royal leave to Our Governor to give his 
assent to a Bill for making Current £60,000 in Bills of 
Credit upon the like footing of those heretofore emitted 
within this Colony by Your Majestys Consent And 
We assure Ourselves Your gracious Indulgence herein 
will be esteemed by those We have the honour to rep- 
resent as a singular instance of Your Majestys paternal 
care and goodness towards them and be received by us 
with the truest Sense of Gratitude who as in Duty 
bound shall ever Pray, 

Signed Nov the 2'' 1753 in behalf of the House of 
Representatives of the Province of New Jersey 

Richard Partridge 
their Agent. 

[Referred to the consideration of the Lords of the 
Committee of Council and by their order Dec' 18*'' 
1753, sent to the Lords of Trade.] 



Letter from Mr. Secretary Read to Chief Justice Rob- 
ert Hunter Morris. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. 35.] 

To Robert Hunter Morris Esq'' chief justice of 
New Jersey to the Care of M*" David Bar- 
clay Merch* at London 

Burlington NovF lo, 1753 
D'Sir 

I hope this will find you return'd from the Spa & at 
Leisure to think of your Friends here who I really think 



1753] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 187 

have reason to Complain of you on this Account. 
You are quite Seusible of the Distress you left us in & 
the Matter is little mended. The Sheriff Act is so pro- 
ductive of Inconvenience & is such an Infringement on 
the Royal prerogative that I should think the Bare 
mention of it to the Right Hon"''' the Lords of trade 
wrould occasion its Destruction The Acts which made 
the Board of Freeholders necessary in the sinking our 
paper money are now Expired & their Continuance is 
reaUy a Greivance to the People & they are an Ob- 
struction to the Decent repair of the Public Buildings 
& to every reasonable Expence. There is another 
thing which I must press upon You & that is the using 
your Interest in the Appointment of two Justices of 
the Supream Court. I have been informed that You 
either have already or are determined to resign your 
Office & there cannot be a more proper person to Sup- 
ply your place found here than W Saltar You are no 
Stranger to his Abilities & as I have long kept my 
office of a Justice of the Bench thro' a persuasion that 
No person could act with more integrity or more reso- 
lution w'' last is absolutely necessary, at aU, but more 
particularly in these times when such a Levelling dis- 
position reigns among the populace, I would now 
incline to resign as I cannot think the duty I owe the 
public should forever keep me in an Office so Detri- 
mental to my private Interest I have pressed this thing 
upon your friends here who give me no further relief 
than by insisting on my Continuance in it till better 
times However the Calls of my Duty to my own 
family have brought me to a Determination not to 
Continue longer than next May term whether any pro- 
vision be made for a Successor to you or to me or not. 
If we should have the good fortune to have M' Saltar 
at the head of the Supream Court then the Eastern 
Division will supply you w^'' another 



188 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

I thought of M' Kenible but am not certain whether 
He would Accept. These things Dr S": Lett me press 
upon your Memory as a Duty you owe your Country 
I most heartily wish you well & am 
D-- S-: Y?- Affectionate & 

ffaithfuU Humble Servant 
R. H. Morris Esq' Cha Read 



Report of the Lords of Trade to the Committee of 
Council for Plantation affairs, with a draft of 
instructions to the Governors, relative to appeals 
in the Plantations in cases of Error. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. Plantations General, No. 39, Ent. Book K., p. 540.1 

Additional Instructions To our Trusty and 
Wellbeloved Jonathan Belcher Esqy Gov- 
ernor of New Jersey. 

Whereas it hath been Represented unto Us, that the 
Method prescribed by the Instructions given by Us to 
the Governors of Our Colonies and Plantations in 
America relative to Appeals from the Courts there in 
in cases of Error, has by subsequent relations which 
have been from time to time made by Us in our Privy 
Council relative to such Appeals, become defective 
and improper, For remedy thereof for the future, It is 
Our Royal Will and Pleasure, that you or the Com- 
mander in Chief of Our Province of New Jersey for the 
time being, do permit and allow Appeals from any of 
the Courts of common law in Our said Province, unto 
you or the Commander in chief and the Council of Our 
said Province; And you are for that purpose to issue a 
Writ in the manner which has been usually accus- 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 189 

tomed returnable before yourself and the Council of 
Our said Province, who are to proceed to hear, and de- 
termine such Appeal, wherein such of Our said Coun- 
cil as shall be at that time Judges of the Court from 
whence such Appeal shall be so made to you Our 
Captain General, or to the Commander in chief for the 
time being, and to our said Council as aforesaid, shall 
not be admitted to vote upon the said Appeal, but they 
may nevertheless be present at the hearing thereof, to 
give the Eeasons of the Judgement given by them in 
the Causes wherein such Appeal shall be made, Pro- 
vided nevertheless, that in all such Appeals, the Sum 
or Value Appealed for, do exceed the Sum of Three 
Hundred pounds Sterling, and that Security be first 
duly given by the Appellant, to answer such Charges 
as shall be awarded in case the first Sentence be 
affirmed: And if either Party shall not rest satisfied 
with the Judgement of you or the Commander in chief 
for the time being, and of Our Council as aforesaid 
Our Will & Pleasure is, that such Party may then Ap- 
peal unto Us in Our Privy Council: Provided the Sum 
or Value so appealed for unto Us, do exceed five hun- 
dred Pounds Sterling, and that such Appeal be made 
within fourteen days after Sentence, and good Se- 
curity given by the Appellant, that he will effectually 
prosecute the same, and answer the Condemnation, 
and also pay such Costs and Damages as shall be 
awarded by Us, in Case the Sentence of you or the 
Commander in chief for the time being and of Our 
Council be affirmed : Provided nevertheless that where 
the matter in question, relates to the taking or de- 
manding any Duty payable to Us, or to any Fee of 
Office, or annual Rent, or other such like matter or 
thing, where the Right in future may be bound, in all 
such Cases you are to admit an Appeal to Us in Our 
Privy Council, altho' the immediate Sum or Value so 
appealed for be of less Value; And it is Our further 



190 ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

Will & Pleasure that in all Cases where by youi' In- 
structions, you are to admit Appeals to Us in Our 
Privy Council, Execution be suspended, untill the final 
Determination of such Appeals, unless good and suffi- 
cient Security be given by the Appellee, to make ample 
Restitution of all that the Appellant shall have lost, 
by means of such Judgment in case upon the Determi- 
nation of such Appeal such Decree or Judgment 
should be reversed and Restitution awarded to the 
Appellant. 

Dec": 5"' 1753. 

[Approved by the Committee on 11"' December and 
Similar instructions sent to the Governours of Nova 
Scotia New Hampshire Massachusetts Bay Pennsyl- 
vania Virginia South Carolina Bermudas Bahamas and 
Jamaica] 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade- 
relative to disputes betiveen the people of Neiv 
York and New Jersey for tvont of a dividing line. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. 40. J 

Elizabeth Town (N J) December 20*'' 1753 

To the Lords of Trade 

My Lords 

The 18*'' of this Month, I recieved by way of New 
York, the Honour of Your Lor-dships of the 18"' of 
September past, Informing me, that His Majesty had 
been pleased to Order a Sum of Money to be Issued 
for Presents to the Six Nations of Indians, and to 
direct His Governour of New York, to hold an Inter- 
view with them, for delivering these Presents; I shall 
therefore in Conformity to what Your Lordships are 
pleas'd to say, lay this matter (with Your Lordships 



1753] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 191 

Letter) before the Council, and the General Assembly 
of this Province, as soon as I conveniently can, which 
must be in the Spring of the Year, as the Winter 
Season makes it very difficult for them to Travel from 
their remote distances, however I intend to give them 
Seasonable Notice, for Meeting on this Affair; the time 
appointed by the Governour of New York, to meet the 
Indians at Albany, being fixed (as he writes me) to 
the 14"' of June next. 

As Your Lordships very Wisely observe, consider- 
ing the present Disposition of the Indians, and the 
continual Tamperings of the French v^ith them, 'twill 
most certainly be for Bis Majesty' Honour and Interest 
as well as for the Peace and Welfare of His Majesty' 
Colonies in these parts, to join in this Treaty, I shaU 
therefore press it upon the Assembly of this Province, 
to make Provision for Presents to the Indians and for 
sending Commissioners to the Treaty ; — but I am sorry 
to say, to Your Lordships, that I find by the publick 
Records of the Province, that Notwithstanding several 
Governours have urg'd the Assemblies here, to join in 
such Treaties, & although The Occasions have some 
times been Extraordinary, yet they never wou'd Con- 
cern themselves, or join in such Treaties. 

I now inclose to your Lordships, the Minutes of His 
Majesty's Counsel of this Province, to the 22" of the 
last Month, wherein Your Lordships will please to 
observe, there is mention made of an Answer from 
Andrew Johnston Esq', to a Letter of Governour 
Clinton', and some Votes of the Assembly of New 
York;— This Affair, my Lords, is relating to Quarrels 
that have happen'd between the Inhabitants of this 
Province, and that of New York, about the Bounds 
and Claims of their Lands, where they Border one upon 
another, and this Answer with Affidavits to Support 
it, I shall Transmit to Your Lordships, as soon as they 
can be got ready, & duly Authenticated, in the mean 



192 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1753 

time, I think it my Duty to inform Your Lordships, 
that there has been lately a great Eiot and Outrage 
Committed by the People of New York, on some of 
the Inhabitants of this Province, and unless the Line 
between this Province, and that of New York, shou'd 
be soon settled, I am very much afraid, there will be 
Blood shed among the People, and I shou'd be glad, 
your Lordships wou'd Consider of Wayes and Means 
to bring such a Settlement about, in the most Expedi- 
tious & Effectual manner, for I see but little Prospect 
of the matters being brought about, by any Agreement 
that will be made here, between the two Provinces. 
I have the Honour to be with Great Respect 
My Lords Your Lordships Most Obedient & 
Most Humble Servant 

J Belcher 



Letter from Lieutenant -Goveiiior DeLancey, of New 
York, to the Lords of Trade — ahoid the difficul- 
ties with New Jersey. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. VI, p. 817. J 

New York 2-i^" Dec 1753 

My Lords (Extract.) 

* * * I must beg the favor of your Lo'ps pardon 
for any omission I may be guilty of, your Lordships 
will be pleased to considei* the Course of my Educa- 
tion has lain towards the Law, long Study and use 
had made the duty of Chief Justice familiar to me, 
this is a new scene to which I have for some time been 
a stranger I shall endeavor to give your Lordships sat- 
isfaction in it. This you may be assured of I shall 
never give your Lordships any wrong impressions I 



1753] ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCSER. 193 

may be deceived but I shall never impose any thing 
for a truth of which I am not myself convinced, I 
shall make it my business now the hurry of affairs is 
somewhat at an end by the recess of the Assembly to 
state to your Lordships the controversy this Province 
or rather His Majesty has with the Jerseys I shaU only 
give a hint of it now, for it is not possible to give your 
Lordships a clear conception of it without Draughts — 
There was a Line (antecedent to that which the Jer- 
sey Proprietors now contend for) which was esteemed 
the Jersey Line and upon this Line some of the New 
York Patents of Wawayanda, Minisink and other 
bounded so that they cannot be extended further 
Southward, and if Jersey does not extend further up 
Delaware River than to the Northern Branch which is 
the Terminus ad quern and is in my humble opinion 
the genuine construction of the Grant from the Duke 
of York then all that large intermediate Triangle is 
still in the Crown and the Jersey Prop]-ietors are only 
intruding on the King, and out of all these Lands 
there may a Quit Rent be reserved to His Majesty 
which will be a very considerable addition to His Maj - 
estys Revenue without depriving the Proprietors of 
their possessions and which [His] Majesty may either 
annex to this Government or leave to Jersey, there is a 
committee of the Council and Commissioners for that 
with the Massachusetts Bay that of New Hamp- 
shire * * * 

I am My Lords Your Lordships 

Most obedient & most humble Servant 

James DeLancey 
To The Right Honorable The Lords Commissioners of 

Trade & Plantations 



14 



194 ADillNlSTRATlON OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 



Copy of the 95th and 96th Instruction to his late Ex- 
cellency Sir Danvers Osbor7ie. 

I From P. R. O. America & West Indies, Vol. 67.] 

Copy of the King's 95*^ & 96*^ Instructions to 
tlie late Gov"" Osborne in Gov'" Shirley's 
[letter to the Secretary of State] of the 6*^ 
JanT 1754. 

95 Whereas it has been thought requisite that the 
General Security of our Plantations upon the Conti- 
nent of America be provided for by a Contribution in 
proportion to the respective Abihties of each Planta- 
tion; And whereas the Northern Frontiers of the 
Province of New York being the most exposed to an 
Enemy, do require an extraordinary Charge for erect- 
ing and maintaining of Forts necessary for the De- 
fence thereof, and whereas orders were given by King 
William the third for advancing of £500 Sterhng 
towards a Fort in the Onondaga Country and of £2000 
sterling towards the rebuilding of the Forts at Albany, 
and Schenectady and likewise by Letters under his 
Royal Sign Manual, directed to the Governors of divers 
of the Plantations to recommend to the Councill and 
General Assemblies of the said Plantations that they 
Respectively furnish a Proportionable sum towards 
the Fortifications on y*^ Northern Frontiers of the said 
Province of New York, viz 

Rhode Island and Providence Plantation . £150 

Connecticut ..... 450 

Pensylvania ..... 350 

Maryland ..... 650 

Virginia ...... 900 

2500 



1754] ADMI^riSTRATlON Of OOVERNOR BELCHER. 195 

And Whereas we have thought fit to direct that you 
also signify to our Province of Nova Csesaria or New 
Jersey that the sums, which we have thought fit to be 
contributed by them, if not already done, in propor- 
tion to what has been directed to be supplied by our 
other Plantations as aforesaid are £250— sterling for 
the Division of East New Jersey and £250 sterling the 
Division of West New Jersey. You are therefore to 
inform yourself what has been done therein and what 
remains further to be done, and to send an Account 
thereof to our Commissioners for Trade and Planta- 
tions as aforesaid in order to be laid before Us; And 
you are also in our Name instantly to recommend to 
om^ Council and the General Assembly of our said 
Province of New York that they exert the utmost of 
their Power in providing without delay what further 
shall be requisite for repairing erecting and maintain- 
ing of such Forts in all Parts of that Province as you 
and they shall agree upon. 

96 And you are likewise to signify to our said Coun- 
cil and the said General Assembly for their further 
Encouragement that besides the Contributions to be 
made towards the raising and maintaining of Forts and 
Fortifications on that Frontier as above mentioned; It 
is Our Will and Pleasure that, in case the said Fron- 
tier be invaded at any time by an Enemy, the Neigh- 
bouring Colonies and Plantations upon that Continent 
shall make good in men or mony in lieu thereof their 
Quota of Assistance according to the following Repar- 
titions viz. 

Men 
The Massachusets Bay .... 350 

New Hampshire . . . ... 40 

Ehode Island ..... 48 

Connecticut . . . . . 120 

New York . . . . .200 

East New Jersey .... 60 



196 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR SELCHER. [1754 

Men 
West New Jersey . . . .60 

Pensylvania ..... 80 

Maryland . . . . .160 

Virginia ..... 240 



Making together . . * .1358 

Pursuant whereunto You are as Occasion requires 
to call for the same. And in Case of any Invasion 
upon the Neighbouring Plantations, You are upon the 
Application of the Eespective Governors thereof to be 
aiding and assisting to them in the best manner you 
can, and as the condition and safety of your Govern- 
ment will iDermitt. And you are withal to signify to 
our said Council and the General Assembly of New 
York that according to their Behaviour on this Occa- 
sion they will Recommend themselves to Our Royal 
Grace & Favour. 



Report from the Lords of Trade to the Lords Commit- 
tee of the Privy Council for Plantation affairs — 
recommending the King to grant leave to the Gov- 
ernor of New Jersey to give his assent to the bill 
authorizing the issue of sixty thousand pounds in 
bills of credit, asked for by petition November 2d, 
1753. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, No. 15, Ent. Book D.. p. 411.1 

To the Right Hon^^*' the Lords of the Committee 
of His Majesty's most Hon^*" Pri\^ Council 
for Plantation Affairs. 

Whitehall March 18*'' 1T54 
My Lords 

Pursuant to your Lordships orders dated the 18"" of 
December last, We have had under Our Consideration 
the humble Petition of the House of Representatives 



1754] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 197 

of the Colony of New Jersey in general assembly met, 
and the humble Remonstrance of Richard Partridge 
Agent for the said Colony, to His Majesty, humbly 
praying, for the reasons therein contained, "That His 
"Majesty will be pleased to grant his Royal leave to 
" the Governor to give his assent to a Bill for making 
"current Sixty thousand pounds in Bills of Credit 
"upon the like footing of those heretofore emitted in 
"that Colony by His Majestys Consent;" And hav- 
ing been attended by M' Partridge with M' Field his 
Counsel, and heard what they had to offer in support 
of the Allegations of the said Petition and Remon- 
strance, We beg leave to acquaint your Lordships, 

That the Bills of Credit created and issued in New 
Jersey in the years 1730 & 1733, on the model of which 
the Assembly of that Province now pray leave to emit 
the further Sum of Sixty thousand Pounds, were lent 
out to the Inhabitants upon Land security of double 
the Value of the Sum lent, at five '# Cent Interest, and 
were made current and a legal tender in all payments 
and for the discharge of all Debts and Contracts what- 
soever during the term of sixteen years. 

That it has been represented to Us, that the issuing 
Bills of Credit upon Loan within this Province has 
been found to be the least burthensome method of 
levying Taxes for the Support of Government, and has 
also been of great Service in enabling the Inhabitants 
to extend and improve their Trade and Settlements, 
and that as they have little or no Silver or Gold circu- 
lating in the Province, it would have been impossible 
to have carried on their Trade and Dealings without 
some such medium; that as the time for the continu- 
ance of the Currency of these Bills is now expired, 
and the whole of them entirely sunk and destroyed, 
pursuant to the direction of the Acts, except about Three 
Thousand pounds which is still outstanding tho' with- 
out any Currency as a legal tender, the Province wiU 



198 ADMIKISTEATIOX OF GOVEE^OR BELCHEK. [1754 

be reduced to the greatest distress and disabled from 
carrying on Trade or raising supplies for the support 
of Government, unless relieved by a new Emission. 

From the Evidence laid before Us of the Effect and 
Operation of the bills of Credit formerly issued in this 
Province, and from the Representation of Persons well 
acquainted with the natui-e of Paper Money in general, 
We are inchned to believe, that a moderate quantity 
issued upon proper security and having a proper Fund 
for its redemption within a limited time, may operate 
to the advantage of a trading Colony, and serve to im- 
prove and extend the Settlement of it, and may also 
be the least bru'thensome method of levying money for 
the support of Government. But We can by no means 
agree in oi)inion with the Petitioners, tliat the making 
such Paper money a legal tender in all Payments is 
either necessary or proper, but on the contrary has 
been declared by Parliament, in a Resolution of the 
House of Commons of the 25"' April 1740, to be a frus- 
trating of the Act of the 6"" of Queen Ann, for ascer- 
taining the rates of foreign Coins in the Plantations, 
and to have been a great discouragement to the Com- 
merce of this Kingdom, by occasioning a Confusion in 
dealings, and a lessening of Credit in those parts: It is 
also contrary to the sense of Parliament expressed in 
the Act lately passed for restraining Paper Bills of 
Credit in the four Colonies of New England. And 
therefore if His Majesty, out of His Paternal Regard 
and Indulgence to the Ease and Convenience of His 
Subjects in New Jersey, and in order to restore the 
Peace and Quiet of the Province, and conciliate the 
Differences which have long subsisted therein, should 
be graciously pleased to allow of a new Emission of 
Sixty Thousand pounds in bills of Credit upon the 
Terms of the former Emissions, We think it ought to 
be made an express Condition, that such bills of Credit 
should not be declared to be legal Tenders in Payment 



1754] ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 199 

of any Debts, Dues, or Demands whatever; We are 
also of opinion, that it ought to be made a Condition 
of his Majestys consenting to this Emission, that the 
Interest arising from the Loan of the Bills shall, dur- 
ing their continuance, be appropriated to all the estab- 
lished and contingent Services of Government, and be 
issued by Warrants from the Governor and Council 
only: And that, in order to prevent any future doubts 
or objections, a Clause for that purpose be either pre- 
pared here to be inserted verbatim in the Act for the 
Emission, or that a Draught of the Bill with a Clause 
to that effect be transmitted hither before the Gover- 
nor be allowed to give his Assent to it. 

By such a Provision as this, His Majesty's Service 
and the Government of that Province will be support- 
ed and carryed on with greater ease and Stability, and 
the Charges of it provided for in a better manner than 
by the present method of passing temporary or annual 
Acts, which sometimes take effect before His Majes- 
ty's Pleasure can be known upon them. 

If your Lordships should be of this Opinion, We 
would propose that an Instruction should be given to 
the Governor of New Jersey conformable thereto, 
with Directions however not to take any one step 
towards the Execution of it, untill all the bills of the 
former Emissions in 1730 and 1733 now outstanding 
shall be finally sunk and destroyed. 

We are. My Lords, 

Your Lordships most obedient and most humble 
Servants, 

Dunk Halifax. 
J. Grenville 
Fran: Fane 
J. Pitt. 



200 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 



Bond of Indemnification by Council of Proprietors of 
East Jersey to William Alexander and John 
Smyth. 

[From Manuscripts in New Jersey Hist. Soc. Library, Bundle P., No. 21 ] 

Bond of Indemnification concerning Charge of 
Setling bonds between New York & New 
Jersey 

%\Xm all tUfU by these Presents that We Andrew 
Johnston, James Alexander, Thomas Penn, Eichard 
Penn — Robert Hunter Morris, Samuel NevOl, Samuel 
Leonard, John Burnet Lewis Johnston and James 
Parker — Proprietors of the Eastern Division of New 
Jersey are held and firmly Bound unto ^Villiam Alex- 
ander and John Smyth In the sum of two thousand 
Pounds Proclamation money, and for Payment thereof 
we do Bind ourselves and Our heirs, Jointly and Sev- 
erally firmly by these Presents Sealed with Our Seals 
and Dated the twenty eighth day of March In the 
Twenty-seventh year of the reign of Our Sovereign 
Lord George the Second by the Grace of God of Great 
Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the faith 
&c^. Annoque Domini IToi. 

W[it (TontUtiOU of the above Obhgation is such that 
Whereas there are some hopes that the People of New 
York may at Last Consent to the obtaining his Maj- 
esty's Commission for Settling the Bounds Between 
the Province of New York and Province of New Jer- 
sey and to the giving Security to Pay half the Charge 
of Procuring and executing the said Commission, upon 
the Like Security Being given on the Part of New 
Jersey, to Pay the otlier hrilf of the said Charge, And 
ivhereas there is Little Probability that Either the Leg- 
islature of New Jersey, or the Proprietors of West New- 
Jersey Will Willingly Contribute any thing to the 
Charge thereof Whereon it will Lye upon the Proprie- 



1754] ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHEE. 201 

tors of East New J ersey in the first Place to advance 
the Charge, Inciunbent on New Jersey, to Pay, — And 
ivhereas iVs uncertain when any Persons for New York 
will Enter into such Security as before, But whenever 
they shall Consent so To do, the Obligors are Willing 
to be ready to give such Security on the Part of New 
Jersey, and not wait for the next Sitting of the 
Council of New Jersey after Such Consent to give it. 
Wherefore it's agreed that whenever Security is given, 
on the Part of New York for the purpose before, that 
any or all of the Obligors or ObUgees may and shall 
have full Power by themselves, or any other Persons 
they or any of them shall Prevail with to give Like 
Security at the same Time on the part of New Jersey 
and that the Couiicill of Proprietors of East New Jer- 
sey shall from time to Time raise, and Pay all such 
sum or sums of money as shall be thought Necessary 
to Be Expended for the Purpose aforesaid. And hold 
those who shall give such Security on the Part of New 
Jersey Harmless and absolutely Indemnified for Being 
so Bound. Noiu if the Obligors in the above Bond 
their Heirs Executors or administrators, or the Coun- 
cill of Proprietors of Eastern Jersey, for the time 
Being shall WeU and truly perform the above agree- 
ment Then the foregoing obligation to be void other- 
wise to Eemain in Force 

Lewis Johnston [l. s.] Andrew Johnston [l. s.] 

John Burnet [l. s.] Ja: Alexander [l. s.] 

James Parker [l. s.] Morris Penn & Richard Penn 

by Richard Titus [l. s.] 
Rob' H Morris by Ja: Alex- 
ander & Rich" Saltar his 
attorneys [l. s.] 

Samuel Nevill [l. s.] 

Sam"^ Leonard [l. s.] 

Sealed & Dehvered in the presence of 

John Penn 
And"^ Smyth 



302 ADMINISTRATION OP GOVEBNOR BELCHER. [1754 



Memorial of the Council of the Proprietors of the 
Eastern Division of New Jersey to Jonathan 
Belcher, Governor of tlutt Province, and other 
documents received by the Lords of Trade from 
Robert Hunter Morris, with his letter dated the 
2,1st of March, 1754. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. r, H. 33.J 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher, Esq"" Cap- 
tam General and Governor in Chief of the 
Province of New-Jersey, and Territories 
thereon depending in America, Chancellor 
and Vice Admiral in the same. 

The Memorial of the Council of Proprietors of 
the Eastern Division of New Jersey. 

May it please Your Excellency, 

In Obedience to Your Excellency's Order in Council, 
of the 22d Day of August last, by which your Excel- 
lency ordered the Secretary, to serve upon your Me- 
morialists, a Copy of Governor Clinton's Letter of the 
first of July last, inclosing a Copy of a Minute of the 
Assembly of New-York, of the 2Sth Day of June last: 
and to acquaint your Memorialists, that your Excel- 
lency expected an Answer thereto, at the Meeting of 
the Council on the 21st Day of November then next: 
Your Memorialists now beg Leave, humbly to lay 
before yom^ Excellency, then- Answerthereto as follows: 

I. King Charles the Second, by Letters Patent, bear- 
ing Date the 12th of March, ir)r)3-l, granted to his 
Brother James Duke of York, in Fee, sundry Tracts 
of Land in America, whereof the now Province of New- 
York, and the now Province of New- Jersey, were Part. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 203 

II. James Duke of York, by Deeds of Lease and Ke- 
lease, dated the 23d and 24th of June, 1664, granted to 
John Lord Berkley, and Sir George Carteret, in Fee, 
the now Province of New- Jersey, described as follows, 
viz. " All that Tract of Land adjacent to New-Eng- 
"land, and lying and being to the Westward of Long- 
" Island and Manhattan's Island, and bounded on the 
"East Part by the main Sea, and Part by Hudson's 
"River, and hath upon the West Delaware Bay or 
"River, and extending Southward to the main Ocean 
"as far as Cape-May, at the Mouth of Delaware Bay, 
"and to the Northward as far as the northermost 
* ' Branch of the said Bay or River, which is in 41° 40' 
"of Latitude, and crosseth over thence in a streight 
" Line to Hudson's River, in 41° of Latitude." 

III. Sir George Carteret, and the Assigns of Lord 
Berkley, by Deed quintipartite, dated the first Day of 
July 1676, divided New-Jersey between them, by a 
Line from Little Egg-Harbour, to the North Partition 
Point of New- Jersey on Delaware River; by which 
Deeds of Partition the Eastern Part was released to Sir 
George Carteret, and the Western to the Assigns of 
Lord Berkley; by which it appears, that West-New- 
Jersey had no Concern with the Line between New- 
Jersey and New- York, except only in the North 
Partition Point on the Northermost Branch of Dela- 
ware. 

IV. East-New Jersey, by Sundry mean Conveyances 
under Sir George Carteret, became vested in twenty- 
four Persons, commonly called the twenty four Pro- 
prietors of East- Jersey; to whom the said James Duke 
of York, by Deed dated the 14th of March, 1681-2, 
[1682-3] after reciting the said Grant to Lord Berkley 
and Sir George Carteret, and the said quintipartite deed 
of Partition, released and confirmed East-New Jersey, 
according to the Bounds agTeed on by the said Parti- 
tion Deed, with all Islands, Bays, Rivers, &c. and all 



204 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

Eoyalties and Powers of Government, in a more full 
and express Manner than they before had been granted. 

V. In and before the Year 1671, the Latitude of 41° 
upon Hudson's River, was esteemed to extend beyond 
Haverstraw, which is about fourteen Miles Northward 
from the Mouth of Tapan Creek: For it appears that 
the Lands at Haverstraw, and all the Lands fronting 
on the West Side of Hudson's River, Southward from 
Haverstraw to the Mouth of Tapan Creek, were either 
purchased of the Indians as in New-Jersey, or granted 
by Patents under the Seal of New- Jersey; and those 
Lands were actually settled and Improved, and con- 
tinued under the Jurisdiction of New Jersey, 'till the 
year 1684. 

VI. In the Year 1681, or 1685, Thomas Dougan, then 
Governor of New- York, and Gawen Lawrie, then Gov- 
ernor of East New-Jersey, with their respective Coun- 
cils, met together at or near Tapan; and after Sundry 
Observations for finding the Latitude of forty one 
Degrees on Hudson's River, agreed that the Station 
Point between New- York and New -Jersey, should be 
the Mouth of Tapan Creek, where it falls into Hud 
son's River, and that a streight Line from the Latitude 
of forty one Degrees and forty Minutes, on the north- 
ermost Branch of Delaware, Should be run there for 
the Partition Line. This Agreement we have often 
heard was upon Record in Npjw- Jersey, but after the 
utmost Search, your Memorialists cannot find it, but 
beheve it must have been recorded in the Minutes of 
the Governor and Council of East-New-Jersey, during 
the Government of the twenty four Proprietors; which 
Minutes none of your Memorialists ever saw, nor are 
they to be found in any publick Office in New Jersey, 
nor any where else that your Memorialists know of : 
But tho' your MemoriaHsts can find no Instrument on 
Record of every Part of the above Agreement, yet they 
can point to other Matters on Record preparatory to it, 



1754] ADMINISTRATION O'F GOVEHNOR BELCHER. 205 

and reciting and referring to it, both in New- York 
and New-Jersey, within less than two Years of that 
Time; which your Memoriahsts think will leave no 
doubt but that such an Agreement was, notwithstand- 
ing the next following Article. 

VII. Andrew Robinson, Surveyor General of West- 
New-Jersey, and Philip Wells, Surveyor General of 
New York, certify in these Words, ''By two sundry 
'* Observations of the Sun's meridional Altitude, made 
"the eighth and twenty ninth Days of September 
" 1686, it appeared and was manifest to Philip Wells, 
" George Keith, and my self. Observers, that the four- 
"tieth and one Degree of Northern Latitude upon 
"Hudson's River, is one Minute and twenty five Sec- 
"onds to the Northwards of Yonkers Mills, and so 
" falls upon the high Cliffs upon the Point of Tapan, 
" on the West Side of said River." As by the Record 
thereof in the Secretary's Office of New- York, in Book 
of General Entries 1686, Page 49, appears 

Upon which your Memorialists beg Leave to observe, 

1st, That no Authority appears to have been given 
for taking the two Observations certified. 

2dly, It appears not by that Certificate, that it had 
any Relation to the Partition Line between New-York 
and New-Jersey. 

3dly, It appears that the Certificate was made ex- 
parte; for Andrew Rol)inson, Surveyor General of 
West Jersey, had no Concern with the Partition Point 
upon Hudson's River, for Reasons under the third 
Article before. 

4thly, By actual Surveys Since made, it appears, 
that the Place for the Latitude of 41° so certified, is 
four miles and forty five Chains South from the Mouth 
of Tapan Creek, then lately agreed on for the Station 
Point, as by the 6th Article. 

5thly, Your Memorialists have Reason to believe, 
that the Observations so certified, were made with a 



30G ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCHER. [1754 

wooden Quadrant; which is quite unfit for observing 
the Latitude of a Place to a nearer Exactness than 
five Minutes. 

6thly, Two Observations were too few, even with a 
good Instrument, to draw any certain Conclusions 
from, in such a Point. 

VIII. In the Year 1717, the Legislature of New- York 
pass'd an Act, wherein, amongst other Things, they 
appropriated 300 1. for the Charge of running the Line, 
with consent of New- Jersey; and other 3001. for run- 
ning the Line of Connecticut; and enact, that the Lines 
so run shall be conclusive. This Act had the Royal 
Assent on the 19th of May 1720. 

IX. In the Year 1718, the Legislature of New-Jersey, 
pass'd an Act for ajjpointing Commissioners and Sur- 
veyors for running the Line with Consent of New 
York; and enact it to be conclusive. And another 
Act for running the Line between East and West- 
Jersey, and for raising the Charge of running both 
Lines upon the Estates of the general Proprietors. 

X. In May 1719, Commissioners and Surveyors for 
New- York, for East-New- Jersey, and for West New- 
Jersey, were appointed by Commissions under the 
great Seals of the respective Provinces, for running 
the Line between New-York and New Jersey. 

XI. On the 25th of July, 1719, after many Observa- 
tions of the Latitude, all the Commissioners and Sur- 
veyors so appointed, did, by Indenture tripartite, fix 
the North Partition-point on the Northermost Branch 
of Delaware; which they found to be that Branch 
called the Fishkill, and exactly describe the Place of 
the Point: Which being done the Commissioners for 
West- Jersey had no further Concern with the Line; 
as by the said Indentures executed by every one of 
the said Commissioners and Surveyors, and recorded 
in New- York, in East-Jersey, and in West-Jersey, 
appears. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERKOU BELCHER, ^07 

XII. The Commissioners for West-New-Jersey, hav- 
ing no further Concern with the Line, departed; and 
then the Commissioners and Surveyors of New- York 
and East Jersey, made an Estimate how the Line 
should run from the said North Partition-point so 
fixed, to the Partition-point on Hudson's River to be 
fixed; and esteemed that that Line would fall 120 
Chains North-Easterly, on a Perpendicular to it, from 
Thomas Swaartwoots, at Mackhackamack, (where 
they then were, and from which they had already 
traversed to the said North Partition point,) and ap- 
pointed John Harrison and John Chapman, two Deputy 
Surveyors, to run and mark it to Hudson's River, from 
the End of the said 120 Chains; which they did accord- 
ingly, marking the .Number of Miles at the End of 
each Mile from the said 120 Chains; and which Line 
so run and mark'd fell upon Hudson's River, about 
five Miles to the Northward of the Mouth of Tapan 
Creek, aforesaid. 

XIII. In August, 1719, the Surveyors of New York 
and East Jersey, went to Corbet's old House on Hud- 
son's River, which is about One Mile South from the 
Mouth of Tapan Creek, and there made many Obser- 
vations for finding the Latitude of 41? But thro' 
Sickness, the Commissioners came not; so that no 
Agreement was concluded as to that Station-point, By 
the Mean of all those Observations, the Surveyor for 
East- Jersey, computed that the Place of Observation 
was 57 Seconds, and 51 Hun'ds Northward of the Lati- 
tude of 41°, and that to be 8i> Chains and 60 Links. 

XIV. The Surveyor for New -York, was prevailed on 
to decline proceeding in the said Work: And, for a 
Colour, sundry Objections were made by him and 
other Persons, to what had been done, and to further 
proceeding; Copies whereof are hereunto annexed; 
(No 1, 2, and 3.) and soon afterwards, the President 
and Council of New- York, ordered aU the Remainder 



208 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

of the £300. appropriated for that Service, to be paid 
to the Commissioners and Sm'veyor of New- York, tho' 
little more than Half the Work was done by them; 
and they had undertaken to do the Whole for that Sum: 
which was fully sufficient for performing the whole 
Work. 

XV. On the 12th of October, 1719, the Proprietors 
of East-New-Jersey, presented a Memorial to the Com- 
mander in Chief of New -Jersey, shewing the Weak- 
ness and Untruths of the said Objections; which 
Memorial was by him, laid before the Council of New- 
Jersey, and a Copy thereof ordered to the President of 
the Council of New- York; as by a Copy thereof here- 
unto annexed. (No. 4.) 

XVI. Many Riots and Quarrels happening about 
that Time at Mackhackamack, which is Part of Mini- 
sinks, between the Swaartwoots, settled under New- 
York, and the Westfalls, settled under New- Jersey: 
The President of New-Jersey, in 1719, and 1720, wi*ote 
sundry Letters to the President of New- York, pressing 
the running the Line, to prevent the like Riots and 
Quarrels for the future; but they had no Effect. 

XVII. In August, 1720, Governor Burnet arrived, 
with one Commission to be Governor of New-York, 
and another Commission to be Governor of New-Jer- 
sey; To whom Complaints were severally made, by 
the said Swaartwoots and Westfalls, of the Riots 
mutually committed on each other: And after several 
Letters from him, I'ecommending to them, mutually 
to keep the Peace, to no Effect; he ordered a Hearing 
of all Parties before him, in October, 1721, when after 
a solemn Hearing of their Pretences, both Sides were 
ordered to be bound to their good behaviour; and it 
was recommended to both Parties to bring their Ac- 
tions at Law; which they accordingly immediately did, 
in the Supreme Court of New- York; and wherein 
James Alexander, was of Council for the Swaartwoots, 
on the Part of New- York. 



1754] ADMIKISTEATION" OF GOVERlSrOK BELCHER, 209 

XVIII. In October, 1722, one of those Causes came 
to Trial, when, by Consent of the Court, and of the 
Parties, all the said Causes were referred, by Eule of 
Court, to the Determination of Lewis Morris, then 
Chief Justice, and to Robert Walter, then Second 
Judge of the Province of New- York, which Robert 
Walter, had been one of the Commissioners aforesaid, 
in Behalf of New-York. 

XIX. The said Referees having found, upon the evi- 
dence of the said James Alexander, who had been Sur- 
veyor for East-New- Jersey, in the Proceedings concern- 
ing the Line in 1719, that notwithstanding the Commis- 
sioners and Surveyors had estimated the Line of Parti- 
tion would run 120 Chains North-Eastward of Swaart- 
wootSj as in Article 12 before; that yet, by the 
Observations before, in Article 13, the true Line would, 
most probably, fall between Swaartwoot's and West- 
falls: And the said Arbitrators, finding that Westfalls 
had taken away the Grain of Swaartwoots, North- 
East wards of the true Line; and that Swaartwoots 
had taken away the Grain of Westfalls, to the South- 
Westwards of the true Line; they awarded for the 
Plaintiffs, in every of the Actions, as by the Aw'ard, 
filed in the Term of October, 1728 appears; which put 
an End to these Disturbances at Mackhackamack, and 
prevented the committing of any more there: Nor did 
any Contest afterwards arise concerning the Line, 
till the Year 1740, that your Memorialists ever heard of. 

XX. The Owners of the Patent of Cheescocks, in 
New- York, which bounds for about Sixteen Miles 
along the Line between New- York and New-Jersey, 
intending a Partition of that Patent; They, in order to 
be as certain as possible of the Property of what they 
divided amongst them, employed Charles Clinton, their 
Surveyor, to discover where the Line would run 
abreast of their Patent by the said Observations of 
171l>; which he did in April 1738; and no Encroach- 

15 



310 ADMI2SriSTUATI0S" OF GOYERISrOK BELCHER. [1754 

ments have ever since been made on either Side so far 
as that Patent bounds. 

XXI. Your Memorialists, at their sole Expence, have 
since, run most of the Eest of that Line. 

XXII. In the Year 1740, the Magistrates of Orange 
County, pretending to have received a. Letter from the 
Honourable George Clark, Esq; then Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of New York, a Gentleman considerably inter- 
ested in the Minisink Patent; which they pretended, 
authorized them to exercise jurisdiction beyond the 
said Line, by the Observations of 1719: Under Colour 
thereof, they then began to exercise Jurisdiction be- 
yond that Line; obliging many People settled under 
New-Jersey, to train in the Militia of Orange County, 
and to pay Taxes, and do other Duties; and upon their 
Refusal so to do, fined and distrained them; which 
greatly oppressed the People of New-Jersey, within 
some Miles of that Line: A Copy of which pretended 
Letter is hereunto annexed. (No. 5.) 

XXIII. In the Year 1741, so many Complaints of 
these Thmgs were made by the Sufferers by the Dis- 
tresses aforesaid, to the Council of Proprietors, both of 
East-New- Jersey and of West-New- Jersey, that they 
thought it proper to appoint Committees of both the 
said Councils, to meet, in order to concert Means for 
the Relief of the Distressed, and to prev^ent the like 
for the future: And accordingly the said Committees 
met; and on the second Day of September, 1741, joined 
in an address to the Governor of New-Jersey, repre- 
senting the said Complaints, and entreating his Appli- 
cation to the Lieutenant Governor of New-York, to 
put a Stop to such Proceedings for the future, and to 
join in settling the Line, pursuant to the Acts of both 
Provinces. 

XXIV. In the Spring of 1742, Eight of your Me- 
morialist's Tenants, at a Place called Romopock, Some 
Miles South- Westward of the Line, by the Observa- 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 211 

tions of 1719, were served with Declarations in Eject- 
ment, at the Suit of Bayard, on the Demise of Henry 
Wileman ; the Declarations were tested in October 
Term, 1741, to appear in Orange County Court, the 
last Tuesday of April following: And as your Me- 
moriaHsts were bound to defend the Tenants so served; 
they, your Memorialists, had the said Causes removed 
from Orange County Court to the Supreme Court at 
New- York, where your MemoriaHsts caused Pleas to 
the Jurisdiction, to be filed to the said Actions: and 
by Affidavit to the said Pleas annexed, set forth, that 
the Lands in Question by those suits, were upwards of 
Seven Miles Southwesterly from that Line, which was, 
in 1719, run and mark'd by Order of the Commission- 
ers and Surveyors; as set forth in No. 12, before: After 
which the said Actions were no farther proceeded in. 

XXV. Your MemoriaHsts having had many more 
Complaints from the People settled in New-Jersey, 
even from People settled many Miles Southwestward 
of the Line, by the Observations of 1719, by the People 
of New- York, obliging them to pay Taxes, and train 
as in New-York, and distraining for Non-Compliance, 
and their using great Cruelties and Threatenings to 
them; your Memorialists had an especial Meeting in 
June 1742, on those Complaints, and for defending 
the said eight Ejectments; when your Memorialists, 
on the 2Sth of June 1742, made another Address to the 
then Governor of New-Jersey, reminding him of the 
said joint Address of September 2, 1741; and acquaint- 
ing him with the Continuance and increase of the 
Complaints of the People, and those eight Actions in 
Ejectment, and intreating his Interposition, to put a 
Stop to those Proceedings of the New-York People, 
and to use his Endeavours for the running of the Line. 

XXVI. In October 1743, the said Orievances contin- 
uing, the People in and about Minisink Island, settled 
under West New Jersey Titles, presented Petitions to 



212 ADMIKISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1764 

the Governor, the Council, and Assembly of New Jer- 
sey then sitting, representing, they had been quietly 
settled there, some for twenty, and many for forty 
Years tlien last past; and there was so little Proba- 
bihty of their falling into New York, by the Line, 
when settled, that a Line from the North Partition 
Point, would cut off Perth -Amboy, and above one half 
of East Jersey, before it could touch them; and that 
yet, notwithstanding of that Improbabihty of their 
falHng into New- York, the Officers of Orange County 
in New- York, had levied Taxes on them, with such 
Circumstances of Cruelty and Injustice, as are hardly 
to be parrallel'd; That Solomon Davis, one of his Maj- 
esty's Justices of Peace there, had been indicted for act- 
ing as a Justice of the Peace there, pretending it to be in 
the County of Orange; was thereon apprehended, and 
fined Forty Pounds; and to keep himself out of Prison, 
was obliged to give Bond for it: That Abraham Vana- 
ken, another Justice of the Peace there, for executing 
his Office, was apprehended and committed to Orange 
Goal, whei'e he was kept in Prison for Twenty four 
Days: That many others there had been arrested and 
prosecuted as in Orange County, for their executing 
the Warrants of the New- Jersey Justices: That Jo- 
hannes Hooghtehne, a Constable there, was pursued 
by People of Orange County, and in that Pursuit they 
shot his Horse under him, took and committed him to 
Prison at Goshen, in Orange County; where, at pre- 
senting those Petitions, he had been four Weeks in 
Prison, and there still remained in close Confinement: 
Wherefore they prayed, that a Stop might be put to 
the like Grievances, 'till the Line v\ras I'un; and that 
the Line might be speedily run. Upon which Petitions 
the Council and Assembly recommended it to the then 
Governor of New-Jersey, to use his Endeavours with 
the Governour of New- York, to put a Stop to those 
Grievances, and to join in running the Line. 



1754] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 213 

XXVII. On the 2ith October 1743. Robert Hunter 
Morris, Chief -Justice of New Jersey, and Son to the 
Governor thereof, deUvered to his Excellency the Hon- 
ourable George Clinton, Governor of New- York, a 
Letter from his Father, inclosing a Copy of the said 
last Petitions, and Copies of the several Addresses 
aforesaid from your Memorialists; and on the 2Sth 
waited on Governor Clinton for his Result on those 
Matters; who recommended a Meeting between the 
said Robert, and the Gentlemen concerned in the 
Lands in New- York, on the Line. And accordingly 
on the 29th he had a Meeting with a Number of those 
Gentlemen, when Nothing was agreed to, but that 
they would meet again, and communicate their Reso- 
lutions to your Memorialists, which they have never 
done, And from the Conduct of one of those Gentle- 
men at that Meeting, Mr. Morris was of Opinion, that 
he was against running any Line. 

XXVIII. Your Memorialists finding all these and 
many other their Endeavours, for accomplishing the 
nmning the Line, pursuant to the Acts of both Pro- 
vinces, to be ineffectual, and remembering that the 
Province of New -York had, in the Year 1Y19, made an 
Act for running the Lme of Connecticut, exparte, in 
Case the Colony of Connecticut would not join amica- 
bly in the doing of it; to which Act the Royal Assent 
was had, and which Act had induced Connecticut to 
join amicably in settling that Line; Your Memorialists 
then thought, that that method which New-York took 
with Connecticut, would be the most rational method 
for putting an End to the Grievances so much and so 
often complained of without Redi^ess: And in Order to 
it, on the Seventh of September 1744, a Memorial was 
presented to the Governor of New-Jersey, by your 
MemoriaUsts, signifying their Intention of pursuing 
that method, and praying his Recommendation thereof 
to the next Assembly, and to order such notice thereof 



214 ADMINISTRATION" OF GOYERlsrOR BELCHER. [1754" 

to the Government of New- York, as he should think 
proper. 

XXIX. Your memorialists finding, that some Peo- 
ple of New- York, had settled to the Southwestward of 
the Line, by the Observations of 1719, claiming the 
Lands as in New- York, and being informed that one 
Thomas Dekey, Colonel of a Eegiment of the Militia 
of Orange County, and one of the greatest Instruments 
of the Oppressions complained of, as before, had seated 
himself several miles South Westward of that Line, 
and was using his Endeavours to persuade others to 
do the like; your Memorialists conceived it their Duty 
to bring an Action of Ejectment against him, and 
some other Actions of Ejectment in every other Place 
where People of New- York had made Settlements 
Southwestward of that Line; which they did, and had 
Judgment by Default in every one of the xlctions of 
Ejectment so brought, being about ten in number. 

XXX. The said Thomas Dekey being, on the twenty- 
sixth Day of July 1745, served with the said Declara- 
tion in Ejectment by Daniel Harrison, he, the said 
Dekey, thereon beat, abused, and greatly threatned 
the said Harrison, and the Judges of the Supreme 
Com't of New-Jersey; and, by Force, imprisoned the 
said Harrison m the House of him the said Dekey, and 
set a Guard over him all the following Night; and the 
next Morning he, the said Dekey, with a number of 
People armed, carried the said Harrison as a Criminal 
to the Goal of Orange County, at Goshen, and there 
committed him without any Warrant from any Person 
for that Purpose; nor did ever any Warrant of any 
kind appear till about Midnight of the 27th of July, 
when a Writ of the County Court of Orange, was de- 
livered by the said Dekey to the Deputy Sheriff, in an 
Action of the Case at the Suit of the said Dekey, Dam- 
ages One Thousand Pounds; tho' the said Harrison 
owed him nothing, nor ever had seen him before: And 



1754] ADMIN rSTUATION' OF rTOVERN"OTl BELCHER. 215 

by which Writ the said Harrison was confined many 
Days in the said Goshen Goal, seventy miles from 
Newark, the Place of his Abode, and would have been 
much longer, had he not prevailed on one Charles 
Stringham, on the 30th of July, to go Express to the 
Attorney at Newark, who had employed him, to ac- 
quaint him with the Usage he had met with, and to 
procure his Discharge; all of which, and much more, 
the said Daniel Harrison made Affidavit on the Six- 
teenth Day of August 1745; and thereon an Attach- 
ment for Contempt of the Supreme Court of New Jer- 
sey, was awarded by that Court against the said 
Thomas Dekey. 

XXXI. Bail having by the Procurement of your 
Memoriahsts Attorney, been given for the said Daniel 
Harrison, he was, at length, discharged out of Goal, 
and the Cause was removed, by Habeas Corpus, to the 
Supreme Court of New- York, where Bail was again 
given : But the said Dekey there declared in Trespass 
only, and not in Trespass on the Case; and to which 
Declaration in Trespass, a Plea to the Jurisdiction, and 
Affidavit, were, on the 16th of February 1745, filed, 
like to those before mentioned under the 24th Article. 
And no further Proceeding has been in that Cause. 

On the two last Articles, and the twenty-fourth, 
your Memorialists beg Leave to observe the Difference 
of the Behaviour of the People of New- York and New- 
Jersey: For when Mi' Wileman served eight People of 
New-Jersey, with Declarations in Ejectment, as in 
Article 24th, no Body in New- Jersey conceived that he 
had done any Thing unjust or unlawful in so doing; 
but upon the People's bringing those Ejectments to 
your Memorialists, they took the proper and legal 
Course of Defence, by pleading to the New-York 
Jurisdiction, and Supporting that plea by Affidavit; 
and tho' the bringing Actions was so first begun by 
New-York, and your Memoriahsts had showed them 



216 ADMIlflSTRAflON OP GOVERNOR BELCHER. [l754 

the rational and peaceable method of defending against 
such Actions; had they believed the Lands in Question 
were in New- York: Yet, for servipg this one Declara- 
tion against Thomas Dekey, the Messenger of the 
Court is abused, as before; the Authority of his Maj- 
esty's Courts of New-Jersey, and the Judges thereof 
contemned; will not appear to plead to Jurisdiction, 
because they knew they could not support such Plea 
by Affidavit; and rely intirely on Force and Violence, 
which, ever since 1740, they had used without mercy, 
but with Success, and with Impunity. 

XXXII. In March 1745-6, three of your Memorial- 
ists Members, having been appointed to confer with a 
Gentleman of the Law of New- York, (who had been of 
Council for Your Memorialists for many Years) con- 
cerning the Actions commenced near the Line: Upon 
that Conference he declined being concerned as Council 
therein, but signified his Willingness to become a 
Mediator in that Affair; which being reported to your 
Memorialists, they appointed the said three Gentlemen, 
or any two of them, to be a Committee, to treat with 
New- York in Writing, by the Means of that Gentle- 
man as a Mediator: and accordingly, by Letter of the 
10th of April, 1746, they communicated their Powers 
to that Gentleman, with sundry Propositions for ami- 
cably settling the Line; both which that Gentleman 
delivered to the Gentlemen of New-York, concerned 
in the Line; in order for their Answer thereto: And 
tho' an Answer was often called for from the proposed 
Mediator, for above a Year after the Dehvery thereof, 
yet he as often declared he had received none; as by 
Copies of the said Letter, Powers, and propositions 
herewith ■ appears, (No. 6.) But the Oppressions and 
Complaints of the People of New-Jersey still continu- 
ing, and no Hopes whatsoever, remaining of the 
People of New York's agreeing to the settliog of the 
Line amicably without an Act; therefore, the Gover- 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 217 

nor, Council and Assembly of New-Jersey, in Feb- 
ruary, 1T47-S, pass'd an Act for running the Line 
exparte, if New York would not join in the doing of 
it; to be in Force when the Royal Assent was had 
thereto; providing, that your Memorialists should be 
at the whole Charge thereof. The enacting Part of 
which Act, was made agreeable to the said Act of 
New- York, for running the Line of Connecticut, Ex- 
parte, mentioned in the Twenty-Eighth Article; and 
Commissioners were appointed for running the Line, 
with Consent of New- York, pursuant to the Act of 
171 S, mentioned in the Ninth Article. 

XXXIII. The Assembly of New York had no Agent 
in London for a Dozen Years before; but on the 19th 
of March, 1747, they voted £200, for an Agent; and on 
the 9th of April following, the Agent is requested by 
them, to use his Endeavours to hinder the Royal As- 
sent to the said Act, until they were heard against it: 
And £200, has yearly been voted ever since to that 
Agent, of the Public Monies of [to] that Province, 
which to many People seemed extraordinary; seeing 
by the New- Jersey Act, that it was expressly provided, 
that the whole Charge of negociating the Royal As- 
sent of that [this] Act, should be at the private Ex- 
pence of your Memorialists, the Owners of the Soil on 
the New- Jersey Side of the Line : And whatever Rea- 
son was for your Memorialists to be at the Whole 
Charge on that side, there was like Reason for the 
Owners of the Soil in New- York, to be at the whole 
Charge on that Side. 

XXXIV. On the 2Sth June, 1748, two of the New- 
Jersey Commissioners for running of the Line, served 
the Governor of New- York with a Copy of the Act, 
by showing him an Exemplification of it under the 
Great Seal of New-Jersey, and delivering him a Copy, 
and by showing him their Commission; and at the 
same Time dehvered to him a Letter signed by them, 



218 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

containing the Purpose of that Service; and request- 
ing, if any Objections were to the Assent to the Act, 
to communicate them, hoping they could obviate them 
to his Excellency: And if in two Months, that Gov- 
ernment would signify their Consent to run the Line 
amicably, by the Acts of 1717, and 1718, that they 
would wait so long, or any further reasonable Time, 
before sending home the Act for the Royal Assent. 

XXXV. On the same 2Sth of June, 1748, the same 
Persons served, in like Manner, the said Act, on the 
President of the Council, and the Speaker of the As- 
sembly of New- York; and gave to each of them a 
Copy of the said Letter to the Governor of New-York, 
with a Letter containing the Purpose of the Service, 
and requesting the communicating them to their re- 
spective Houses then sitting. And on the same Day, 
the Assembly of New- York, by their Minutes, own 
the said Service; and on the next Day, make a Minute, 
deferring the Consideration of the Matter, till their 
next Meeting, after the first of September next, with- 
out any Desire of enlarging the Time of two Months 
before proj)osed, or Offer of communicating any Objec- 
tions to the said Act. 

XXXVI. Your Memorialists being then left with- 
out aoy the least Hopes of getting the Line run 
amicably, by Virtue of the Acts of 1717, and 1718, 
without his Majesty's Approbation of the said Act, 
procured Proofs undei- the Great Seals of New -York, 
and New-Jersey, of most of the preceding Facts, and 
in the Winter of 1748, transmitted Duplicates of them, 
and of the said Act, by the Captains Bryant and 
Waddell, to Mr. Paris, their Agent at Londou, in 
Order for obtaining the Royal Assent. And tho' Mr. 
Paris used his utmost Endeavours for that Purpose, 
and to bring the Matter to a Hearing; yet the New- 
York Agent got the Time of Hearing put off from 
Time to Time, for Four Years running, to the very 



1754] ADMINISTRATIO^r OF CtOVRRN-OR BELCHER. 219 

great Charge and Delay of Youi' Memorialists; and 
which Charge and Delay, its improbable, would have 
arisen, if the Charge of procuring those Delays had 
been at the private Expence of the Gentlemen con- 
cerned in the Line on the New- York Side: And during 
all that Time, neither the Gentlemen of New York, 
nor their Agent in England, offered any Objections to 
the said Act, to your Memorialists or their said Com- 
mittee, or their Agent in London; nor made any 
Proposition whatsoever, of any other Method more 
proper for ascertaining the Line; nor did the New- York 
Agent, on the two Hearings before the Lords of Trade, 
offer any one Piece of Evidence from New- York, that 
the Want of could have given Cause for his said Mul- 
titudes of Delays; but insisted on the reporting against 
the Act from what appeared on the Face of it, without 
any extrinsick Evidence; and upon reporting against 
the Proceedings of the Year 1Y19, hereinbefore set 
forth, and recited in the said Act: Against both which, 
the Lords of Trade were pleased, on the 18th of July 
last, to report; and your Memoriahsts learn from Mr. 
Paris, that he upon petitioning for a Re-hearing of the 
Matters reported before the Lords Committees for 
Plantation Affairs, and has given Security accordingly. 
XXXVII. Numbers of People having, from Time to 
Time, settled near to the Line, by the Observations of 
1719, without Title from either New-York or New- 
Jersey; your Memorialists have, from Time to Time, 
obhged such of them as were on the South -West Side 
of that Line, either to purchase, or lease the Land 
they had settled upon; and such as would do neither, 
or such as pretended Title under New- York, brought 
Ejectments against them, and obtained Judgments 
thereon; as before; and from Time to Time, made 
Partitions and Appropriations of those Lands, pursu- 
ant to the Laws of New- Jersey, as it was and is lawful 
for your Memorialists to do. 



220 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

XXXVIII. Complaint having been made to your 
Memorialists at their Half-yearly Meeting in March 
last, by some of those People settled on the South- 
West Side of the said Line, abreast of the Wawayanda 
Patent, of their being threatened by the said Thomas 
Dekey, (against whom your Memoriahsts have Judg- 
ment in Ejectment as before) to be taxed as in New- 
York. Whereon, after due Consideration had, your 
Memorialists came to sundry Resolutions thereon, 
which they conceive it was lawful for them to do, and 
their incumbent Duty to do; and which they had 
longer than was consistent with Prudence delayed 
doing. But that these Resolutions had any the least 
Tendency to encroach on New- York, or to any Breach 
of the Peace, as is complained of by the Assembly of 
New- York, they do deny; and that they have no such 
Tendency, will best appear by them; And they are in 
these words, viz. 

March 30th, 1753. 

Richard Gardner, and John Herring, represented to 
this Board, that Dekey, and others, of New- York, do 
greatly threaten those who have taken or shall take 
Leases of this Board, and that they shall be taxed, and 
obliged to train in New York, which would be an ex- 
treme Hardship to them, to be obliged to those Things 
in both Provinces; and desiring the Protection and 
Sentiments of this Board on that Head. 

Which being maturely considered, this Board rec- 
ommends, that Richard Gardner, shall desire the 
Lessees First by all Means, to keep the Peace; but that 
they refuse to pay Taxes, or train under New-York 
Officers, and refuse to serve as within New- York 
Province. 

Secondly, If the People of New- York will, by Rea- 
son of their Refusals aforesaid, distrain the Lessees, 
that they suffer the Distress to be taken; but get 



1754] ADMIJTISTRATION' OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 221 

Friends to buy the Distress, deducting therefrom the 
Taxes, Fines, and Charges of Distress. 

Thirdly, That at the Time of the Distress, those who 
shall distrain, be forewarned of their Danger by com- 
ing into New-Jersey to distrain, and that its a Tres- 
pass in them, and utterly unlawful; and no Warrant 
from any Person or Persons of New-York can justify 
them, and that they will be liable to be prosecuted, not 
only as Trespassers, but obliged to repay the Money 
distrained for, and all Charges and Damages, which 
in due Time they may expect to be compelled to pay 
by Suits. 

Fourthly, In the mean Time that the Persons dis- 
trained may not be delayed of their Eemedy; this 
Board agrees now to put into the Hands of Richard 
Gardner, the Sum of Thirty Pounds Proclamation, out 
of which he is to pay to the Sufferers by such Distresses 
all their Damages, taking a Receipt for these Pay- 
ments, to the Purpose following, viz. 

Whereas — ■ holding his Lands by Lease from 

the Proprietors of East- Jersey, No. had his Goods 

lately distrained by an Officer of the Province 

of New- York, for the Payment of ~. to New- York, 

by which not only the said Sum but also the Sum of 

for the Charges of Distress was levied of his 

Goods,by which the said has suffered Damages, 

the Sum of Now, I the said do hereby 

acknowledge, to have received of Richard Gardiner, in 
Behalf of the Proprietors of East-Jersey, the aforesaid 

Sum of for my said Damages; and do hereby 

assign to the said Proprietors, all my Right of Action 
for the same. 

Witness my Hand, the Day of 17 — 

Witness 

Fifthly, This Board agrees to advance what further 
sums may be necessary for the Purpose aforesaid, and 
desire Mr. Johnston, the Treasurer, or James Alex- 
ander, to advance and pay the same. 



222 ADMINTSTRATIOlSr OF GOVl^ENOR BELCHER. [1754 

Sixthly, That this Board will in like Manner, pay 
all Charges and Damages, that any of the Lessees may 
be put to, by any Suits of New-York; and if Richard 
Gardner advances any Thing on that Head, he shall be 
repaid. 

Seventhly, That Mr. Gardner, keep a regular Ac- 
count of the Monies so paid as aforesaid, and deliver it 
once a Year with the Receipts aforesaid, to this Board. 

Your Memorialists further, in Answer to the Com- 
plaint of the Assembly of New-York, of June 28th 
last, beg Leave to say, that they know of no sinister 
or irregular Practices of their Agents to the Prejudice 
of any one of New- York; nor have the Complainants 
pointed out any sinister or irregular Practices they 
have been guilty of: And your Memorialists say, That 
to the Westward of the Long Pond, from whence 
these Complaints have come, they have no Agent but 
Richard Gardner, their Deputy Surveyor, in that Part, 
who by Profession is a Quaker, and consequently, one 
very unlikely to cause any Quarrel or Contention, or 
Bloodshed, otherwise than by doing his Duty up to the 
Line by the Observations of 1719; over which 3^our 
Memorialists never gave him Directions to go: nor do 
your Memorialists believe, he has gone or pretended. 
Your Memorialists so far agree with the Freeholders 
and Inhabitants of Orange County, in their Petition to 
the Assembly of New- York, That by Reason of the 
Delay in the Settlement of the Line, incredible Hard- 
ships have arisen; but these your Memorialists appre- 
hend, have been only suffered by the People of New- 
Jersey, from the People of Orange County, and often 
since the year 1740; and tho' often complained of, 
they to this Day, remain without Redress; Some par- 
ticular Instances of Multitudes that could be assigned, 
are herein set forth; but no particular Instance has New 
York assigned, or, we believe,can (with Truth) assign, of 
such Bufferings beyond the Line, by the Observations of 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 223 

1719, though that be so far Southward of the Line run 
and mark'd in 1719, as herein is set forth. And your 
Memorialists fui'ther say, that the Delay of running 
the Line, can, in no Way, be attributed to your Mem- 
orialists, but to the People of New- York; as from this 
Memorial they doubt not, will be evident to the 
World, from the many Endeavours of your Memorial- 
ists, to have the Line settled, and the continual Oppo- 
sition of New-York, for above Thirty Years past, to 
the setting any Line. And your Memorialists further 
say, they believe that those People of New- York, who 
have settled in New-Jersey, to the Southward of the 
Line, by the Observations of 1719, and against whom 
your Memoriahsts have recovered Judgments in Eject- 
ment, being conscious that Writs of Possession might, 
at any Time for these Eight Years past, have been 
served, and they turned out of Possession, have pro- 
vided Arms to maintain those Possessions by Force; 
which instead of being a Cause of Complaint on their 
Part, is an obvious Cause of Complaint on your Mem- 
orialists Part: And your Memorialists well hope that 
the Government of New- York, will in no wise coun- 
tenance those Men, either in the providing or using 
that Force; and besides those Persons against whom 
Judgments have been had as before, no Cause had any 
other Person from your Memorialists to guard his pos- 
sessions by Force. And your Memorialists further say. 
That would the Owners of the Patents of Minisink 
and Wawayanda, have followed the Opinion of the 
Judges of the Supreme Court of New- York, in Article 
19, before; or the Example of the Owners of the 
Patent of Cheescocks, in discovering and not possess- 
ing themselves, or op]3ressing others over the Line, by 
the Observations of 1719, as in Article XX before; and 
had they not been encouraged to pretend over that 
Line, by Means of the Letter of 1740, said to be from 
Lieutenant Governor Clark, and to oppress the People 



224 ADMINISTRATION^ OF GOVEKNOR BELCHER. [1754 

of New- Jersey, settled to the Southward of that Line, 
by distreniing for Taxes of New-York, and for not 
training there, &c. (as in No. XXII.) there would have 
been little Room for Complaints of Encroachments of 
either Side. But its People, under Colour of those two 
Patents of Minisinks and Wawayanda, that have been 
the chief Aggressors, and who hitherto have been 
deaf to the Complaints, of the People oppressed by 
them : But now they see a Method fallen upon by your 
MemoriaHsts, by their Resolutions of March last; to 
call them to an Account by due Course of Law for 
their Oppressions, if they continue them; those op- 
pressors, for that cry out, and threaten Bloodshed, &c. 
and have since put their Threats to that purpose in 
Execution, as hereinafter is pointed out in Article XLI. 
XXXIX. Tho' your MemoriaHsts, and many of the 
Owners of Patents in New York, bounding on the Line 
of New-Jersey, have strictly confined themselves on 
each Side, in their Settlements, Leases, and Sales, to 
the Line by the said Observations of 1719, agreeable to 
the Opinion aforesaid, of the Judges of the Supreme- 
Court of New York, in the Causes of Swaartwoots and 
Westfalls, in Article XIX. before: Yet as to Matter of 
Jurisdiction, your Memorialists conceive, that that Line 
run and mark'd in 1719, as in Article XII. ought to 
stand, be, and remain, as the Temporary Line of Juris- 
diction of the two Provinces, until another Line be run 
for it, by as great an Authority; tho' that mark'd Line 
falls upon Hudson's Rivei-, Seven Miles to the North- 
ward of the Line by the Observations of 1719; and tho' 
that mark'd Line be on the South-Eastermost Part of 
the Wawayanda Patent, Three Miles distant on a Per- 
pendicular from the Line by the Observations of 1719, 
and on the North -Wester most Part of the Wawayanda 
Patent, Two Miles Distance. And your^Memoriahsts 
have great Reasons to believe, that' had that mark'd 
Line fallen to the Southward of the Line by the Ob- 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 225 

servations of 1719 it would have been insisted on by 
Nev^^ York, not only as a Temporary Line of Jurisdic- 
tion, but as a Line of Property ; for they have not so 
much as such a Colour for Possession in all the Cases 
where your Memorialists have recovered Judgments 
in Ejectments, as before; and the Executions of which 
Judgments, they have now for many years delayed, 
and intended for Peace Sake, to have delayed till the 
Line was settled: But if the unreasonable Obstruction 
of New York to the Settlement of the Line, and the 
Behaviour of some People there, shall be much longer 
continued; your Memorialists will think themselves 
bound in Duty to alter that their Intention, whatever 
be the CoQsequence. 

XL. In April 1753, the People of Orange County in 
New York, chose one Arnold Basset, (Uving several 
Miles South -West ward of the Line by the Observa- 
tions of 1719, who holds his Lands by Leave from 
your Memorialists) to be a Constable of Orange County ; 
who on Notice thereof, refused to serve as such; 
whereon about the first of May, 1753, two Justices of 
Orange County, sent a Warrant to Anthony Vanatta, 
a Constable, to bring the said Basset before them; 
whereon the said Basset, told the said Vanatta, (accord- 
ing to your Memorialists Directions aforesaid) that 
their Warrant was not sufficient to defend him in that 
Affair, and advised him as a Friend, not to proceed 
without some other Protection; for that the Council of 
Proprietors would certainly sue him for all Charges 
and Damages that he caused on that Head: Whereon 
the said Vannatta, went back to the said Justices, and 
told them he was afraid to take Basset, unless they 
would defend him against the Proprietors: But he 
was answered by them with Threatenings, and that 
they would send him immediately to Goal, if he did 
not forthwith execute the said Wari-aiit, and take as- 
sistance with him, the better to do it: VV hereon the said 
16 



226 ADMlNtStRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [l754 

Basset was taken and brought by Force before the said 
two Justices, and refused before them to serve as a 
Constable of Orange County; upon which they fined 
him Forty Shillings, and committed him to Prison; 
and at the same Time, issued an Execution against his 
Goods to the Constable of Minisink, for levying of 
Four pounds Foui-teen Shillings, which that 9th Day 
of May, they adjudged against him the said Basset, 
for Fine and Charges, for refusing to be Sworn into 
the Office of Constable, and likewise all Cost that 
should accrue about that Execution thereafter; and 
that he the said Constable, should have those Monies 
before them the 12th Day of that Instant: In pursu- 
ance of which Execution, while he the said Arnold 
Basset remained in Prison, the said Constable came, 
and took three Horses of the said Prisoner, while they 
were at Work in his Plough, and his Gun, and wear- 
ing Apparel, of the Value of above Thirty pounds; 
which the said Justices and Constable sold at Vendue, 
and out of the Proceeds thereof, kept Ten pounds Six- 
teen Shillings and a Penny, for the Four Pounds 
Fourteen Shillings in the Execution mentioned, and 
the further Cost accrued about that Execution, at 
which Sum the said Justices taxed the same; when, 
and not before, they discharged the said Basset out of 
Prison: And whereupon your Memorialists' Agent, 
Kichard Gardner, paid the said Sum to the said Basset, 
together with Four pounds Fourteen Shillings and 
Three Pence more, for the Damage that the vSaid Basset 
had suffered by his Loss of Time and missing of 
Planting, and sowing his Oats and Flax seed, &c. at 
which Time they chose to perform this extraordinary 
Exploit; as by Copies of the said Warrant, Execution, 
tax'd Bills of Cost, and Receipts of the said Basset, 
will appear. 

XLI. On the 20th of July last, as Richard Gardner, 
(after having peaceably compleated a Survey of some 



1754J ADMINTSTRATTON" OF GOVERJCOH KlitCHER. 227 

of your Memorialists Lands near to the Division Line 
by the Observations of 1719, ) was travelling along the 
King's Highway (in Company with John Herring and 
Peter Decker, who had assisted him as Chainbearers,) 
about Five Miles Southwest ward of the said Line, by 
the Observations of 1719, and near Eight Miles South- 
westward of the Line run and mark'd in 1719, as in 
Article XI. before; and even above Three miles South- 
westward of the Line pretended to by Colour of the 
exparte Observations of Robinson and Wells, in Ai'ti- 
cle VII. before, he was Way-laid and Stopt by George 
Dekey and Jacobus Dekey, Sons of the said Thomas 
Dekey; and when their Father came up, they un- 
mercifully beat, wounded and robbed the said Richard 
Gardner and John Herring, by feloniously taking from 
the said John Herring, a Walking-Stick, which they 
split to Pieces, in giving the said John Herring about 
twenty Blows with it, and thereby wounding him, and 
Sheddiag a great Quantity of his Blood, and threaten- 
ing with Horrid Oaths, and a Pistol, which the said 
Thomas Dekey held to the Breast of the said John 
Herring, to fire a Brace of Balls thro' him; also by 
violently beating him the said Richard Gardner, and 
forcibly taking his Bags from behind him, and opening 
and taking thereout a Surveying-Compass, a Surveying- 
Chain, a Pairs of Dividers, a Scale, and a Horse BeU; all 
which they feloniously took and cari'ied away. This As- 
sault and Battery, and Robbery, the said Richard Gard- 
ner and John Herring suffered without returning one 
Blow^, or offering any Resistance. 'Tis worthy Remark, 
that the said Beating, Wounding, Bloodshed, Abusing 
and Threatning, were chiefly offered and done to the said 
John Herring, an old lame Man of Fifty-five Years of 
Age, and who being of the People called Quakers, was 
by his religious Tenets, principl'd against making Re- 
sistance; but not the least Outrage did they otter to 
Peter Decker, an able Man, of Forty Years of Age, 



238 AHMiJsriSTEATioif OF goVeenor belcher. [1754 

and no Quaker, who had equally assisted Mr. Gardner 
with Herring, in making the aforesaid Survey, and 
who look'd on during the whole Time. 

XLII. To enumerate all the Cruelties and Abuses 
committed by People of New-York upon People of 
New- Jersey, South-westward of the Line by the Ob- 
servations of 1719, since the said pretended Letter in 
the Year 1740, mentioned in Article XXII. would 
swell this to a large Volume: But your Memorialists 
liave chosen only the preceding few Instances, as some 
of the most cruel and enormous, of which your Me- 
morialists have, and can produce sufficient Proofs; 
and of all those before the Year 1748, Proofs were 
transmitted to England with the said Act. 

XLIII. As the Line run and mark'd in 1719, (as in 
No. XII, before,) was run by Order of the proper Com- 
missioners and Surveyors of both Provinces, as the 
Line of Division, according to the best of their Judg- 
ment at that Time; and as no Line before or since was 
ever run with equal or greater Authority; its humbly 
conceived that Line ought to have remained, and does 
now remain the Line of the two Provinces, till another 
Line be run for it with equal or greater Authority; 
and we know of no other Limit to the Jurisdiction of 
both Provinces but that. And tho' your Memorialists, 
in affecting their ProjDerties, have not gone farther 
Northward than the Line by the Observations of 1719, 
which Line has no public Authority, but a tacit Con- 
sent of your Memorialists, and of sundiy of the 
Owners of Patents in New York Province, joining on 
the Line of New- Jersey, (as in No. XX. before,) and the 
private Opinion of the Judges of the Supreme Court 
of New York, in the cases of Swaartwoots and West- 
falls, founded upon the Evidence of the Surveyor of 
East- Jersey, (as in No. XIX. before:) For as the Mat- 
ters then in Controversy, were referred to them in 
their private Capacities, and not in their publick Ca- 



1754] ADMIKISTKATION OF GOYERNOK BELCHER. 229 

pacities, they thought it just to deviate from the said 
run and mark'd Line in 1719, and to examine where 
most probably the true Line would fall, and thereon 
founded their Award, Your Memorialists say, they 
humbly conceive these are no sufficient Eeasons why 
your Excellency should not assert and exercise the 
Jurisdiction of this Province, up to the said Line, so 
run and mark'd in the Year 1719, which falls on Hud- 
son's River, about Seven Miles Northward of the Place, 
where, by the Observation of 1719, the Line should 
fall; and should New-York, think this an Encroachment 
on, and prejudicial to them; these Inconveniences 
might, and may be easily removed, by running the 
true Line. But while they refuse to join in that, and 
do absolutely oppose the running any Line, if they 
can shew no Line ever run with equal Authority, then 
that Line ought in Reason, to remain the Temporary 
Line, especially as it was carefully run and mark'd, 
and the Places through which it went, are notorious, 
and well known to this Day, by all the People inhab- 
iting near it; and who have (very few excepted) all 
settled there since the Year 1719. 

XLIV. If the Line run and mark'd in 1719, is not to 
be the temporary Line of Jurisdiction of the two Prov 
inces 'till the true Line be finally settled, we should be 
glad that New York would show better Reasons for 
any other Line to be the temporary Line For, with- 
out some certain Line be allowed to be the tempor- 
ary Line, it's impossible to judge what is an Encroach- 
ment of either side. 

XLV^. As your Memorialists have asserted their 
Rights only up to the Line by the Observations of 
1719, (which is about seven Miles upon Hudson's 
River, southward of the Line run and mark'd in 1719) 
and as Part of that Line was first run by People of 
New-York, as in N" XX. before, and most of the rest 



230 ADMIXIBTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

run by your Memorialists, as in N" XXI before; and 
as all settled South westward of that Line are either 
settled under New-Jersey Titles, or yom* Memorialists 
have recovered Judgments against such as have re- 
fused to hold under New- Jersey, while your Memorial- 
ists extend their Settlements no further Northward 
than to that Line, they cannot be justly accused of any 
Encroachment on New York. But New-York, by 
their Conduct since 1740, have given great Causes of 
Complaint to the People of New- Jersey settled South- 
westwards of that Line, as by the facts herein before 
set forth, appears, and tho' complained of from Time 
to Time, as before, yet no Redres is hitherto had, 

XLVI. Upon the whole, your Memorialists cannot 
help being of Opinion, that the State of Facts herein 
before set forth, being duly read and considered, (of 
which your Memorialists are prepared to produce suffi - 
cient Proofs,) it will plainly appear to your Excellency, 
and all other impartial Persons, that the Complaints 
of the People of Orange County, to the General As- 
sembly of New- York, ai'e vexatious, and without 
Foundation; that they themselves have been guilty of 
Encroachments, gross Abuses, and Breaches of the 
King-s Peace; that encouraged by the Letter from 
New- York in the Year 1740. as before mentioned, they 
have usurped illegal Power, and arbitrary Government 
over Part of his Majesty's Province of New- Jersey; 
that they have arbitrarily levied Taxes there; that they 
have unjustly fined, and falsly im])risoned his Maj- 
esty's Justices of the Peace, and other Officers of this 
Province, for what they had done in the execution of 
their Office; that they have threatned, beat, abused, 
and robbed others of his Majesty's Subjects within the 
said Province upon the King's Highway; Nay, that 
they even intended Murder; for your Memorialists are 
credibly informed, that when they shot the Constable's 
Horse under him (as iti N" XXVI. before) they de- 



1754] ADMINISTKATIOX OF GOVEENOK BELCHER. 231 

clared that they were sorry for the poor dumb Crea- 
ture, whom they did not intend to kill, but his Master; 
that your Memorialists, throughout the whole Pro- 
ceedings, have conducted themselves with the most 
friendly and peaceable Behaviour; that they have been 
passive, amidst the violent Outrages committed against 
them, and those who hold under them, by the People 
of New- York; neither making any Reprizals, nor re- 
pelling Force by Force; that they have all along sup- 
ported their Claim and Right to a Line from the 
Northermost Branch of Delaware, which is in 41" 40' 
of Latitude, (as in No. 11. before) and which was so 
solemnly fixed and established by the Commissioners 
for New- York, for East-Jersey, and for West-Jersey, 
(as in No. X. and XI. before) to the Station Point upon 
Hudson's River, in 41" of Latitude, (as in No. II. be- 
fore) by the most legal and warrantable Steps, such as 
bringing Ejectments, obtaining Judgments in the 
King's Courts of Justice, and pleading to the Jurisdic - 
tion of the Government of New- York to the South- 
westward of the Line run and mark'd in 1719, as they 
have a Right by Law to do: That nevertheless, for 
Peace Sake, your Memorialists in their Settlements, 
Leases and Sales, have strictly confined themselves to 
the Line by the Observations of 1719, (as a temporary 
Line, until the true Line can be run and ascertained) 
agreeable to the Opinions aforesaid, of the Judges of 
the Supreme Court of New- York, in the Causes of 
Swaartwoots and Westfalls (as in No. XVIII. before.) 
Finally, That the General Assembly of New-York 
have been prevailed upon, by the false Reports and un- 
just Representations of the People of Orange County, 
to make this groundless Complaint against your Me- 
moriahsts, and those who hold under them; the said 
People of Orange County conceiving no other Method 
so specious and prevalent to put a false Gloss upon 
their Outrageous, riotous and illegal Proceedings. 



232 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR Br LCHER. [1754 

All which Matters and Things before set forth, Your 
Memorialists do aver, and are ready to prove in such 
Manner as Your Excellency shall think fit to appoint: 
And are, 

May it please Your Excellency, 

Your Excellency's most Obedient, 

and Most Humble Servants, 
By Order of the Council of Proprietors of East- 
New Jersey. 

Andrew Johnston, President. 

Perth- Amboy, November 20, 1753. 

P. S. After finishing the above Memorial, Mr. Alex- 
ander infoi'med us, that a Meeting of the Minisink and 
Wawayanda Partners, beii7g advertised in the News- 
Papers several Weeks, to meet at Mr. Willets 
in New York, on the 13th Instant; he on that 
Day met with them, and renewed the Proposals 
(in No. XXXII. herein before mentioned,) and de- 
livered them a Copy of that Letter of April 10th, 
1746, and of the Projjosals inclosed therein, and by a 
Letter from himself to them, both as a Partner with 
them, and as one of the Committee, (mentioned in No. 
XXXII. befoi'e) pressed upon them in urgent Terms, 
the amicable Settlement of the Disputes concerning the 
Line; Mr. Alexander, aquainted us also, before that, to 
wit on the 8th Day of November, he laid the same 
Papers before the Honorable James De Lancey, Esq., 
Lieutenant Governor of Nevv York, (who, with his 
Brothers and sisters, are considerably interested in the 
Minsink Patent) who returned them on the 12th, with- 
out any Objection to them; which Proceedings of Mr. 
Alexander, your Memorialists have approved of, and 
caused Copies thereof to be hereunto annexed. 

By Order of the Council of Proprietors of East-New - 

Jersey, 

Andrew^ Johnston, 

President. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER, 233 

Numb. 1. 

To the Honorable Peter Schuyler, Esq; Presi- 
dent, and the other Gentlemen of the Coun- 
cil of the Province of New- York. 

The Petition of Allane Jarrat. 

HuTnbly Sheweth, 

That whereas your Petitioner having been appointed 
by his Excellency Robert Hunter, Esq; by Letters Pat- 
ent under the Great Seal, Surveyor for the Province of 
New- York, and thereby commissionated with full 
Power and authority, in Conjunction with the Surveyor 
of the Province of New- Jersey, carefuUy and diligent- 
ly, according to the best of their Skill and understand- 
ing, discover and find out that Place upon the North- 
ermost Branch of Delaware River, that hes in the Lati- 
tude of Forty -one Degrees and Forty Minutes, and that 
to be the North Partition Point of the Province of New- 
York and New Jersey; as also carefully, according to 
the best of their Skill and Understanding, discover and 
find out, as near as may be, that Place on the West 
Side of Hudson's River, that lies in the Latitude of 
Forty-one Degrees, which shall be the farthest Place of 
the Province of New-Jersey, bounded by Hudson's 
River; and then in Conjunction with the Commission- 
ers of both Provinces, to run a direct Line from those 
two Stations, (when determined) to be the Partition 
Line between the two Provinces. Now your Petitioner, 
pursuant to the great Trust reposed in him, in Behalf 
of the Province of New York, by the said Commission, 
has, in Conjunction with the Commissioners of both 
Provinces, and the Surveyor General of the New-Jer- 
sies, proceeded from New- York to Mahacamack; and 
from thence in Conjunction with the Surveyor General 
of the Jersies, ujj to the Fishkill, to the Latitude of 
Forty -one Degrees, Forty Minutes, observed in July 



234 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

last, by a Brass Quadrant of about Twenty-two Inches, 
or thereabouts, Radius, and the Latitude last men- 
tioned, determined and adjusted in this Manner, after 
four repeated Observations, with the Plumet at each 
End of the Quadrant, found them not to differ, from 
each other above half a Minnte, or thereabouts; the 
Difference being so small, the Latitude was adjusted by 
a Mean between the Differences of the said Observa- 
tions; as also, allowing the Obliquity of the Ecliptic, to 
be, by a Mean, between 23° 39', [23° 29'] and 23° 20', 
[23" 30'] as may more fully appear by a Journal ready 
to be produced. 

From thence your Petitioner, in Conjunction with the 
Surveyor General of the Provinces of New- Jersies, pro- 
ceeded to Madam Corbet's, as they adjudged that Place 
to be nigh the Station on Hudson's River, made sun- 
dry Observations the last month, in order to determine 
and adjust the Latitude of Forty-one Degrees, with the 
aforesaid Quadrant, more carefully and diligently (hav- 
ing the Advantage of a good Sun and clear Weather) 
than the former they had up at the other Station ; the 
first of which Observations, with the Plummet at the 
End of the Quadrant (as it was in all the Observations 
at the former Station,) made this Station to fall near 
two Minutes to the Northward of the Place of Observa- 
tion, or near Tapan C^reek; the last of which Observa- 
tions, with the Plummet about the Middle or Two- 
thirds of the Quadrant, made the Station fall between 
two or three minutes to the Southward of the Place of 
Observation, or near opposite to the Yonkers Mills, as 
has formerly been reputed to be noav the Station. 

Your Petitioner conceiving a great Difficulty to de- 
cide the true Latitude of Forty-one Degrees, in so wdde 
Differences of Observations, by so small an Instiu- 
ment, upon the same Place; and not daring to rely on 
his own Judgment in so weighty an affair, that so high- 
ly concerns the Care of this Province: For Tapan and 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 235 

Sundry other Gentlemens Estates, bordering on the 
above mentioned Partition or Division Line, requiring a 
larger Instrument, and the most exquisite Exactness 
and Niceness to determine, and also to vindicate him- 
self from all future Reproaches and Aspersions of being 
bribed or byass'd therein; could have no other Recourse 
than laying this Matter before the Wisdom of this 
Province, and at this Time being press'd upon by the 
Commissioners for discharging and executing this great 
TiTist reposed in him, and having given Security for 
the Performance of the same, and making Matter of 
Conscience how to come at the exact Truth by such an 
Instrument, that discovers such a Difference in these 
Observations; humbly Prays, that this Honourable 
Board, would take it into Consideration, and give your 
Petitioner such Instructions, to direct his Judgment in 
this Affair, as may seem most proper to your great 
Wisdom. 

And, as in Duty bound, Shall ever pi'ay, &c. 

Allane Jarrat. 



Numb. 2. 

May it please Your Honour, 

In Obedience to your Honour's Order in Council of 
this Day, refering to us the annexd Petition of Allan 
Jarrat; we, have in the presence of Mr. Alexander, Sur- 
veyor General of the Province of New-Jersey, and Dr. 
Johnston, one of the Commissioners for the said Prov- 
ince, fully examined the Petitioner, upon the several 
Particulars set forth in his said Petition ; and before we 
proceed to declare our Opinion thereon, we take Leave 
to report, that the Matters of Fact appeared to us in the 
following Manner, to wit. 

That by a fair Journal produced to us, by the Peti- 
tioner, of all the several Observations taken at the Fish- 
kill, and at Madam Corbet's the Observations taken 



236 ADMINISTRATION^ OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

near the the Middle of the Quadrant made Use of in 
that Service, differed fromtJiose taken at the Ends up- 
wards of four Minutes. 

That this Discovery was not made until they observed 
at Madam Corbet's and that the Petitioner thereupon 
immediately declared to the said Mr. Alexander, in the 
Presence of several People then on the Spot, he could 
neither rectify the wide Errors of the Instrument, nor 
take upon him to fix the Station by it, the same vary- 
ing so much in itself. 

That notwithstanding the methods proposed by Mr. 
Alexander, for correcting the said Errors, the Peti- 
tioner, declared he could not adventure to settle a Lati- 
tude, that could be depended upon, by that Quadrant. 

That he being, by repeated Questions put to him, in 
all the various Ways we then could think of, ask'd, 
whether he could not find Means to proceed with that 
Instrument, for fixing an exact Latitude '( he still de- 
clared that he could not Take upon him to do it by this 
Instrument, for the Reasons above mentioned; but that 
in case one of Five or Six Foot Radius could be pro- 
cured, certified by able and skillful Mathematicians, 
from Great Britain, to be true and correct, he would 
then be ready to ascertain the Station according to his 
best Skill and that the Observations whereby the Lati- 
tude was settled upon the Fishkill, were taken at the 
Ends of the Quadrant, and the Errors and Defects 
thereof not being discovered at that Time, he affirmed, 
that the said North Partition Station upon the Fishkill, 
is wrong and erroneous, notwithstanding tripartite In- 
dentiu^es mentioned in the said Petition to be executed 
there, upon that Occasion. 

Upon the whole Matter as the Petitioner was made 
Choice of for this Service, as the best and ablest Mathe- 
matician of this Province; and he having, not only by 
the Declarations in his Petition, but by his repeated As- 
surances before us, of the Defect of the Instrument, 



1754] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 837 

and also his declaring, the Methods proposed by Mr. 
Alexander for correcting them, were not satisfactory 
to him; and the Matters being of such Importance, that 
it requires not only the best of Instruments, but the 
nicest Skill and Exactness to settle; we cannot advise 
your Honour, to order the said Surveyor to proceed and 
fix the said Latitude by this Instrument; but rather, 
that he Should be directed to set forth and certify by 
some Instrument, under his Hand and Seal, that the 
Station pretended to be fixt at the Fishkill, is wrong 
and erroneous, to the End this Province may not, at 
any Time hereafter, receive any Prejudice by the afore- 
said tripartite Indenture, executed there by the Sur- 
veyors and Commissioners, on both Sides, before the 
Defects and Errors of the Quadrant by which that 
Station was fixt and settled, were detected; and that 
all further Proceedings ought to be staid until a correct 
and large Instrument, be procui'ed for setting the said 
Station; all which is nevertheless humbly submitted by, 
Your Honour's most obedient Servants, 

A. Depeyster, 
Gerard Beekman, 
Rip Van Dam, 
John Barberie, 
Ad. Philipse. 
New York, September 24th, 1Y19. 



Numb. 3 

To the Honourable Peter Schuyler, Esq; Presi- 
dent, and the rest of his Majesty's Honour- 
able Council for the Province of New- York. 

The Humble Petition of several the Inhabitants 
of the Province of New-York, for them- 
selves and others, Owners and Proprietors 



338 ADMINISTRATION OF ftOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

of Lands bordering upon the Partition 
Lines between the Province of New-York 
and New Jersey, 

Sheweth, 

That the Assembly of this Provmce, having appro- 
priated the Sum of £300, for defraying their Part of 
the Charge and Expence, in ascertaining and rmming 
the Partition Line, Limit and Boundary, betwixt this 
Province and the Province of New- Jersey; the Peti- 
tioners had Reason to hope, so great a Work would 
have been carried on, and accomplish'd with such re- 
ciprocal Justice and EquaUty, that neither Side would 
have Reason to complain: But having Grounds to 
apprehend, that a due and equal Regard has not been 
had, either for the Benefit of this his Majesty's Prov- 
ince in general, or for us and others his liege Subjects, 
that have an immediate Interest on the Borders of 
that Line; they beg Leave to lay before your Honours, 
a State of that Case, and the Reasons of their just Ap- 
prehensions, reserving to themselves the Liberty of 
adding what shall farther occur to their Knowledge, 
and of amending and explaining what is herein set 
forth ; which they most humbly offer, in the folio wing- 
Manner, viz. 

That by the Duke of York's Grant to the Proprietors 
of the Jersies, they were bounded in the Latitude of 
41" and 40 Minutes, on the Northermost Branch of 
Delaware River; and on Hudsons River, in the Lati- 
tude of 41' Degrees; and as this Grant was made in the 
Year 1680, they conceive the Tables then in use, ought 
.still to be the Rule in settling those Latitudes; by whicli 
Tables, (as they are credibly informed,) the Obliquity 
of the Ecliptik, was universally allowed, to be 23 De- 
grees and 30 Minutes: that by a Draught of George 
Keith, then Surveyor of the Jersies, (ready to be pro- 
duced) he lays down the atVrre mentioned Northermost 
Branch of Delaware River, about 2^) Miles to tlie 



1754] ADMINTSTRAtrOK OP GOVERNOR BELCHER. 239 

Westward of the Fishkill: That in the Year 1686, the 
Surveyors of New- York and the Jersies, by Consent of 
the respective Governors, ascertained the Latitude of 
41 Degrees on Hudson's River, to be due West from 
Frederick Philipse's Lower Mills: That Col. Andrew 
Hamilton, Governor of the Jersies, afterwards did own 
the said Latitude of 41 Degrees on Hudson's River, 
conformable to a Map made by the Surveyors, to be 
due West from the said Mills; as by a Writing under 
his Hand, dated the loth of February, 1693^, and 
ready to be produced, may appear at large, ' That 
' those Petitioners who held Lands to the Northward 
' of that Line, by Virtue of Grants or Patents from the 
' Jersies; had, by the Justice and Indulgence of this 
' Government, new Grants for the same, and at easier 
* Quit-Rents, than what they were to have paid to the 
'Proprietors: And others having by License of the 
'Jersies, purchased Lands from the Indians; and 
' suing for Patents, conformable to those purchased, 
'were directed to take Patents from New- York; those 
'Lands lying to the Northward of the Station then 
'fixed.' That after the beforementioned Act of As- 
sembly was pass'd here, an Act of the like Nature was 
made in the Jersies, and John Johnston and George 
WoUocks, Esqrs: were appointed to be Commissioners, 
who are known to be Proprietors, and to have taken 
up large Tracts on the Borders, whilst this Affair was 
in Agitation 'That when it was proposed to name 
' Commissioners for this Province, the Gentlemen of 
' the Council (as they are informed, were generally of 
' Opinion, except those Gentlemen wiio are Proprie- 
' tors of the Jersies), That we ought to foUow the same 
' Rule; (to wit) in likewise appointing such Persons 
'as had an immediate Interest in Lands bordering on 
'the Line; that notwithstanding (as they are further 
' informed) the Governor commissionated Robert 
' Walter and Isaac Hicks, Esqrs: and tho' w^e have a 
' due Deference to the Characters and Reputation of 



240 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. [1754 

' those Gentlemen, we conceive they were not duly 
' elected, because our Act of Assembly directs, that they 
'should be appointed by the Governor and Council.' 

That the Surveyor for this Province, Allane Jarrat, 
i^being approved of by the Council) was obliged to exe- 
cute a Bond for £100, conditioned, to settle the Stations 
and run the Line; and since this was (as they are in- 
formed) demanded at the Motion of the Jersey Gentle- 
men; and that neither their Surveyor, nor any of the 
Commissioners, had the like required of them ; it may 
as reasonably be concluded this was executed with a 
View of laying him under a Necessity to fix the Lati- 
tude, rather to the Disadvantage of this Province, 
than subject himself to the Penalty of said Bond: 
That the Commissioners and Surveyors of both Prov- 
inces, setting out from this City, ' went directly to 
' Machacamack and Minisinks, where they met some 
'other Gentlemen of the Jersies; and without seeking 
' for the right Branch, or tracing of them, (and, indeed, 
' almost every Body look'd upon the Season improper 
'for so doing) they immediately took Observation 
'there, just as if they were resolved to fix the Latitude 
'on the Fishkill; perhaps with a View to secure for 
'the Jersies the Low^-Lands, at the two Places above- 
' mentioned; which could scarcely be draw^n in, if the 
' proper Branch had proved so far Westward as Keith's 
'Draught lays it down.' That altho' such foggy, 
cloudy, and rainy Weather, happened at that Time, 
for about 25 Days successively, as the like at that Sea- 
son, was not known in the Memory of Man, (just as if 
Heaven frowned on the Design) they fixed the Lati- 
tude upon the Fishkill, near a small Creek, which they 
formed Station Brook; notwithstanding they seemed 
satisfied, that the said Fishkill, is the Main-Eiver of 
Delaware itself; w^hich Latitude was taken at the 
Ends of the small Instrument they made use of: And 
altho' an Indenture was executed of their Proceedings 
there, they have been so just therein, (as we are in- 



17o4J adm:in"istrattox of governor belcher. 241 

formed,) as to say, that there Discovery was by infor- 
mation: That, indeed, the Commissioners sent Capt. 
John Harrison, a Jersey Gentleman on, to look what 
Branches there might be betwixt the Rivers of Dela- 
ware and Suskahanna, who, upon his Return, reported 
that there were none, tho' he was heard to own, that 
he met with one so wide and deep, that he was obliged 
to make a Float before he could get over it; and we 
are credibly informed, that several Christians are 
ready to depose, there is one or more considerable 
Branches to the Westward of the Fishkill; which, 'tis 
possible, Capt. Harrison miss'd, by Reason he set out 
about 24 Miles to the Southward of the Latitude: That 
after the said Latitude was fixed on the Fiskkill, in 
the Manner before mentioned; the Surveyors, and only 
the Jersey Commissioners, went to Madam Corbet's, 
and made repeated Observations there; but in so doing, 
a Discovery was made, that the said Instrument was 
erroneous; for that the Latitude taken at the Middle, 
differed above four Miles from those taken at the 
Ends thereof; and since, at the Fishkill, use was made 
of the Ends; its evident beyond Contradiction, that the 
Station pretended to be fix'd there, is just so much to 
the Northward of the true and real Latitude, as the 
above-mentioned Difference amounts to. That Com- 
plaints and Remonstrances of such Weight, have been 
offered at Home, against the Act of Assembly before- 
mentioned, that it is uncertain, whether the same will 
be approved or disapproved of by His Majesty, tho' the 
same was pass'd here, in the Year 1717: And it is 
certain, that in Case of a Disallowance, every Thing 
done by Virtue of that Act, will be void: 'But it is 
impossible to foresee what Confusion and Mischief 
might ensue, if this Affair should be completed, and 
the said Act rejected at the same Time: That the fix- 
ing these Stations, and running the Line, in the 
Manner it has hitherto b(vn caiM-ied on, not only the 
IT 



342 ADMIKISTRATION OF GOVRRNOR BELCHER. [1754 

Crown, but likewise many of your Petitioners, will be 
in Danger of being encroached upon; and tho' many 
of us have spent their Labour and Substance, upon 
their several Imi3rovements, for 30 or 40 Years past; 
there seems but Uttle Reason to expect (in such Case) 
the hke Justice and Indulgence would be Shewn by the 
other Side, as was heretofore extended on the Part of 
this Province, (as is hmted above) for these and sev- 
eral Reasons, more especially, for the Minuteness of 
the Instrument, (being but 22 Inches Diameter, and 
its varying so considerable in itself) your Petitioners 
offer, they will readily be at half the Charge of an In- 
strument to be sent for from London, proper and 
large enough for settUng and fixing the true and exact 
Station Points; wliich Instrument being first tried and 
proved by able and skillful Artists at Home, attested 
by them to be true and correct, and the Obliquity of 
the Ecliptick settled, as it was universally received 
when the Grant was made to the Proprietors; all 
Parties must then be concluded by such Determination. 
Your Petitioners therefore most humbly pray, that 
the Commissioners and Surveyors of this Province 
may severally deliver in a Journal of their Proceed- 
ings hitherto; and that we may be favored with Copies 
thereof; and that all further Pi-oceedings may be 
stayed, until his Majesty's Allowance or Disallowance 
of the abovementioned Act of Assembly is first signi- 
fied and until such an Instrument arrives here, as is 
above described: 

And Youi' Petitioners, as in Duty Bound, shall ever 
pray &c. 

Cornelius (his mark) Aker, 

Dirick (his Mark) Strats, 

Lambert Luis, 

Ebenezer Wilson, 

Bernard Dis Ver veelen, 

Dit is het van Trauswin Salee, 

Abraham Haringh, 



1751] ADMIN-ISTRATIOlf OF GOVERKOK BELCSEK. 243 

Abram (his Mark) Blauvelt, 

Jan (his Mark) Hogenkamp, 

WilKam De Graaw, 

Pieter (his Mark) Bogert, 

Gerrit Smidt, 

Gideon (his Mark) Vervelen, 

Stephen De Lancey, 

Anthony Rutgers, 

Jacob (his Mark) Kersboom, 

Johannes (his Mark) Blauvelt, 

Hendrick Blamydt, 

Pieter Haering, 

Notbrey Heutse, 

Cornelius Cozyn, 

Isaac (his Mark) Blavelt, 

Jacoop Hoominck, 

Barent Angels, 

Isaac (his Mark) Van Dewsen, 

Roeloff Van Howton, 

Jacob (his Mark) dey Kleck, 

Anna Hooghlandt, 

John Van Home, 

H. Wileman, 

Lancaster Symes, 

Daniel de Clerk, 

Cornehus Haring, 

Heymes Liepserosdyck, 

Andries AUyn, 

Cornelius (his Mark) Smit, 

Jurian Thomas, 

Down Talimea, 

Resolve (his Mark) Nagel, 

Jacobus (his Mark) de Vries, 

Klaus Van Huriten, 

Jacob (his Mark) Blawvelt, 

Maria Catharine (her mark) Boudinot, 

Nath. Marston, 

Jarvis Marshall. 



244 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

Numb. 4. 

To the Honourable Lewis Morris, Esq; Presi- 
dent of His Majesty's Council for the 
Province of New Jersey, in Council. 

The humble Memorial of the Proprietors of the 
Eastern and Western Division of said 
Province of New-Jersey. 

Most Humbly sets forth, 

That they have considered the Petitions of Jarrat and 
others, to the President and Council of New- York, and 
are very much surprised to find, that the Persons now^ 
Concerned in that Government, should put a Stop to 
the running and asscertaining the Line of Division and 
Partition, betwixt that and this Province, upon the 
groundless, weak, and untrue suggestions of the Peti- 
tioners, and the visionary Whim and Cant of the Sur- 
veyor; after the same had been directed to be done by 
the Legislatures of both Provinces, and Commission- 
ers had been appointed under the Great Seal of each of 
them foi' that Purpose; and had made (at a very great 
Expence) so considerable a Progress. 

They begin with setting forth, that the Duke's Grant 
being made in the Year 16S0, the Tables then in use, 
ought to be the Rule of settling the Latitude; and that 
by those Tables, the ObUquity of the Ecliptick, was 
universally allowed to be 23 Degrees, 30 Minutes. 

1st, If that Way of Reasoning be conclusive, they 
should have mentioned the Grant in the Year 1664, 
(there being no such Grant iu the Year 1680, that we 
know of,) and the Tables then in use; for if the Lati- 
tude mentioned in a Grant in the Year KUU, might be 
ascertained by Tables in use in the Year Uiso; they 
might as well be settled by any subsequent Tables, if 
they were right. The Truth of Tables, and not the 



1754] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 245 

Hypothesis on which they were made, or the Time of 
making them, being to be considered in a Case of this 
Nature; When this Grant was made by the Duke, it 
was upon a certain knowledge, that there was a Place 
on Hudson's River, in the Latitude of 41 ; and another 
on Delaware, in the Latitude of 41° and 40' and the 
Province of New- Jersey, was, by that Grant, intended 
to extend so far North as these Latitudes really were; 
and the best and most proper Means for the Discovery 
of them, were to be made use of, without Regard to this 
or that Table. 

2dly, The Authors of some of the Tables in the Year 
1880, might be of Opinion, that the Obliquity of the 
Ecliptick was '2o and 30; and we suppose, calculated 
their Tables of the Sun's Declination accordingly; but 
it is the Tables of the Sun's Place that can only be made 
use of in this Case; and these Tables have no Concern 
with the Obliquity of the Ecliptick, whether made by 
those Authors or any else. 

3dly, That the Obliquity of the Ecliptick, was, in the 
Year 1080, universally allowed to be 23 30' is a Position, 
that (with all due Deference to the Credit and Know- 
ledge of the Petitioners Informers) we think is not true; 
for Mr. Flamstead, long before, found it to be 23 and 
29; and about the Year 1680, published his Doctrine of 
the Sphere; and through that Book, uses 23 and 29, as 
the greatest Obliquity; and so it's used by Sir Isaac 
Newton, in his Theory of the Moon: This was in Eng- 
land, by two as good Mathematicians as any in Europe : 
In France, Monsieur Le Hire, one of the Royal Academy 
of Paris, by Observations, of the Sun near the Zenith, 
and out of all Danger of Refractions of any Considera- 
tion, found it before that Time, to be 23 and 29; and, 
about that Time and since, it has been generally allowed 
to be so. 

4thly, With all due Deference, as before, we have 
Reason to think, that the Tables the Petitioners men- 



240 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

tion, were not in use in the Year 1680, but decryed ; and 
that the Opinions of Flanistead, Newton, and the most 
celebrated Mathematicians, of the Obhquity of the 
Echptick, being 23 and 29, obtained at that Time: And 
if we may use the Method of the Petitioners, to speak 
by Information, and reserve to ourselves the Liberty of 
altering and amending, we are informed, that in the 
Year 1682, (at the End of which, the Duke's Grant of 
Confirmation to the Proprietors pass'd) the Tables then 
in use, were calculated according to the Obliquity of the 
Ecliptick, at 23 and 29; and then, according to what 
themselves have advanc'd these Tables ought to be the 
Rule of setthng the Latitude. 

5thly, Admitting the Obliquity of the Ecliptick to be 
23 and 30, or what greater Number of Degrees the Peti- 
tioners please; the Advantage or Disadvantage to them, 
would not arise from that Obliquity, but from the Time 
of Year in which the Observations were made; and had 
they been made during the Time of the Sun's Declin- 
ation to the Southern Tropick, the Petitioners would 
have complained; and according to their happy Way of 
Reasoning, inferred that it was intended, by the Duke's 
Grant, that the Observations should be made after the 
Sun had pass'd tlie vernal Equinox; and before its Re- 
turn to the Autumnal, because that Grant pass'd the 
14th March, some small Time after the Sun had pass'd 
the vernal Equinox. 

6thly. The Obhquity of the Ecliptick, Refraction of 
Rays and Things of that Kind, were proper subjects of 
Debate, between the Commissioners and Surveyors of 
each Province, (to whom the Discovery of the Places 
of Latitude were instructed) in order to use such 
Methods as they should agi'ee to be most just and ef- 
fectual for the obtaining of that End ; and accordingly, 
such Debates were, and by Agreement, between them, 
the Obliquity was settled to be a Mean between 23 and 
29, and 23 and 30; and pursuant to that Agreement, the 



1754"! ADMINISTKATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 247 

Observations made, and the Station settled, though 
something to the Disadvantage of your Honour's Mem- 
oriahsts, the tme Obliquity being 23 and 29, which 
Jarrat cannot chuse but know; and that the Consent 
of our Surveyor to any addition to it, was, in Com- 
pliance with Jarrat's Capricios, and to promote the Set- 
tlement and Discovery of those Latitudes, and the Line 
of Partition, by the Legislature, and all the impartial 
of both Provinces, so earnestly desired, and not from 
any Belief or Knowledge he had, that such an Addition 
was just; and aftei' these Matters have been discussed 
and agreed upon, and the Station settled, we hope it will 
not be in the Power of a few dissatisfied Persons, by 
Clamour and Noise, without Eeason or common Sense, 
to defeat what is done in so solemn a manner, and pre- 
vent what ought to be done, in pursuance of their 
Oaths and Conunissions. 

The Petitioners second Reason for what they call 
their just Apprehensions, that a due and equal Regard 
has not been had, &c. is, that by a Draft made by 
George Kieth, Surveyor of the Jersies, the norther- 
most Branch of Delaware River is laid twenty five 
Miles to the Westward of the Fishkills. 

1st. We deny that by any Map of George Kieth, any 
Branch to the Westward of the Fishkill, is laid down 
as the northermost Branch oi Delaware River: There 
is a Map made by Philip Wells, Surveyor of New-York, 
which is called George Kieth's, that lays down a 
Branch to the Westward of the Fishkill, but does not 
determine whether that of the Fishkill is the norther- 
most Branch. 

2dly, If there was or is any such Map made by 
George Keith, as they say, we can't see what can be 
inferr'd from thence, other than that the maker of 
such Map was made beheve, there was such a Branch ; 
but will no more prove there was such a Branch in 
reahty, or any unfaii" Proceeding, as is suggested, than 



24:8 ADMINISTUATIOX OF (iOVERXOR BELCHER. [1754 

a Map (of which there are several) that lays down a 
large Eiver running fro in Hudson's River into Hack- 
insack River, making that Part of Jersey that borders 
on Hudson's River an Island, will prove that there is, 
in Reality, any such Rivei- or Island as their laid down; 
nor will either of these mistakes, prove any Unfair- 
ness or Partiality of Proceeding; Had there, indeed, 
been such a Rivei-, as is said to be laid down by Kieth, 
and had that River been the northermost Branch of 
Delaware, and the Commissioners and Surveyors had 
fixed the Station 25 miles East of it, there had been 
just Reason of Complaint; but to infer an Unfairness 
of Proceeding, because a certain Person laid down a 
River in a Map, (which has no being in rerum Natura) 
is such of Way of Reasoning, as can have no Weight 
with any Men of common Sense, not very nmch pre- 
disposed in the Petitioners Favour. 

3dly, We beg Leave to inform your Honour, tliat if 
there had been any such River as is suggested to be 
laid down in the Map, the Proprietors of the Eastern 
Division, and the Commissioners of the Jersey Side, 
would not have failed to have found it out, and fix'd 
the Station upon it, it being very nuich their Interest 
to have it so: A Station so fix'd, giving to the 
Eastern Division of Jersey, above 800000 Acres of 
Land, which is worth more than so many Pounds, 
whereas the Low-Lands supposed to be acquired by 
the Station on Fishkill; and which the Petitioners, by 
their low and vile Reflections, suggest to be the motive 
of (their imaginaiy ) unfair Dealing, hardly amounts 
to 3000 Acres, and that not worth above Sixty Pouuds 
per Hundred, which shews how little Ground there is, 
for the unreasonable Clamour they are encouraged to 
make on that Head. 

That m the Year 1080, the Latitude of 41", on Hud- 
son's River, was ascertained to be due West from 
Frederick Phihpse's Lower-Mills, by the Surveyors of 



1754] ADMINISTIIATIOX OF GOVEllXOR BELCHER. 249 

New-York and the Jersies, by the Consent of the re- 
spective Governours of both those Provinces, is a very- 
great Mistake, in fact, no such Thing being to be 
found extant, of Record, in either of the Provinces 
Indeed, Phihp Wells, Surveyor of the Province of 
New York, and one Andrew Robinson, Surveyor of 
the Province of West-Jersey, which was then a dis- 
tinct Province from East- Jersey, made some attempts 
to fix the Latitude of 41° on Hudson's River, and 
made a Report that they had so done, in which they 
made use of Keith's Name, in the Body of the Writ- 
ing, to give a Colour to their Proceedings, but it was 
without Keith's Consent, and he never signed it: And 
the Latitude so ascertained by them, was not, as the 
Petitioners say, due West of the Mills, but one Minute 
and 25 Seconds to the Northward of them. How far 
Col. Hamilton, by some ungarded Expressions in any 
Letter of his, might give occasion to wrest them to a 
Construction of owning a Thing that never was, we 
know not, but have no Reason to believe it on the 
Credit of the Relators, whose many Mistakes in Mat- 
ters of Fact, gives us good Reason to believe, they are 
misinform'd in this; and it seems very odd, that the 
Petitioners for so considerable a Fact as the Agree- 
ments of Governors of Provinces, concerning the Set- 
tlement of Lines of Partition l)etween them, could 
produce no better Proof, than an accidental Expression 
in a Letter wrote Seven Years afterwards. Besides, 
should it be true, that Col. Hamilton did own what 
never was, we can't think the Proprietors are to be 
concluded by his mistaken Sentiments, having had no 
x\uthority from them to make any such Acknowledge 
ment ; And if the Expressions of a Letter can be made 
use of, to conclude the Proprietors in an Affair of that 
Consequence; will not Col. Dungan's taking out a 
Patent from the Province of New-Jersey, {at the Time 
he was Governor of New- York) for the Lands he held 



250 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

in Staten-Island, with an equal Parity of Reason, con- 
clude the Crown as to that Island? This was an Own- 
ing upon Record, and an Owning with a Witness, 

Though we think that neither of these Ownings 
mil conclude the Crown, or the Proprietors, yet we 
heg Leave to mention one, that (as we humbly con- 
ceive) in Law and Justice, ought to conclude both; 
and that is, the solemn Agreement made between Col. 
Thomas Dongan, when Governor of New- York, and 
Gawen Lawrie, Esq; Governor of East-New- Jersey, 
in the Year 1684, who agreed and ascertained the Lat- 
itude of 41°, on Hudson's River, to be at the Mouth of 
Tappan Creek, in the Meadows where it runs into 
Hudson's River: This was an Agreement not to be 
charged with PartiaUty, Craft, or Practice; both the 
Governors, with the C-ouncil of each Province, or the 
greatest Part of them, and several Gentlemen of 
Figure, of both Provinces, went on the Spot; the most 
eminent Lawyers of both Provinces, attended to ad- 
vise, in case any Difficulty should arise in Construc- 
tion of the Words of the Duke's Grant. The Surveyor 
of each Province were there, who understood astro- 
nomical Observations, and were Men skillful in their 
Professions; there were others of both Provinces, very 
able in mathematical Learning: The Observations they 
made were done with Instruments of Six Foot Radius, 
two of which they had nicely graduated; the Obser- 
vations often repeated in the Presence of both the 
Governors, Councils, and Persons there attending; so 
that all Pretence and colour of Fraud was taken away. 

The Latitude fix'd with the nicest Exactness in that 
great Presence, and agreed to by the Persons concern'd^ 
and is extant of Record in this Province, as (we sup- 
pose) it is in that; this is an Owning we conceive, to 
be conclusive, and we humbly liope his Majesty's 
Goodness and Justice, will induce him to confirm what 
was done in so publick and solemn a manner; nothing 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 2.51 

SO free from all objection being to be hoped for from a 
second Essay. However, we are not without some 
Hopes, the Justice and Prudence of the Government 
of New- York, in enforcing a Compliance, wHth the Di- 
rections and Intentions of the Legislature, will make 
Applications to His Majesty, needless on this Head, 
and prevent those Measures, we shall otherwise be 
under the necessity of taking, and which the Justice 
of our Cause will warrant, what the Petitioners say, 
with Respect to the naming of Commissioners, by the 
Governor not duly elected, is an Arraignment of his 
Conduct, and an accusing him of Partiality in that 
Affair; but with how much Injustice, may appear 
from the Minutes of the Council Book; by which it is 
plain, they were appointed by order of Council. 

This is another Instance what Credit ought to be 
given to what they represent, and shews how^ willing 
and ready they are to sacrifice the Reputation of a 
Person, who has deserved a much better Treatment. 
It is very true, that John Johnston and George Wil- 
locks, are Proprietors of East-Jersey, and the Province 
of New-York, could not be hurt by them, it being much 
more their Interest, to have the North Partition Point 
(as is before hinted) fix'd w^here the Petitioners have 
placed their imaginary River, than any of the Peti- 
tioners, or all of them put together; and that the 
Commissioners took up Land on the Borders of this 
Province, while this Matter was in Agitation, or some 
Years before, is a Mistake; and the Petitioners have 
been very much misinformed, as they have been in all 
the following Articles. 

That there was any obligation on the Surveyor of 
New- York, to grant the Bond mentioned, is another 
Mistake, for the same was his own voluntary Offer, 
and made for this Reason: A little Time after his 
being appointed, and after the Commissioners had got 
Warrants to receive i:12<>, they were for agreeing with 



252 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

him for Twenty Shillings per Day, certain, which he 
would not accept, but said he would be upon the same 
Footing with the Commissioners, to have a Third of 
the £300, appropriated for that Purpose, and they 
having got £60, a Piece already if the same could be 
procured to him, he would give Secuiity for the Per- 
formance of the Work, or to refund the Money; and 
in Case of his Death upon the Work, his Executors to 
retain in their Hands, so much as should be Satisfac- 
tion for the Work he had done; all which was but rea- 
sonable, and not for Performance of the Work alone, 
as is set forth in the Petition. 

It was not without seeking for the right Branch, 
that the Resolution was taken of observing upon the 
Fish kill, as the Petitioners set forth, but with very 
good Reason; for before that Resolution, the Connnis- 
sioners and Surveyors had Information from many, of 
the several Branches of Delaware, many of whom 
were willing to take their Oaths, that there was no 
considerable more westerly Branch of Delaware, that 
went near so far North as the Fishkill; but not being 
willing to trust to that, John Harris<.)n, an East Jersey 
Man, and a considerable Proprietor there, and no Pro- 
prietor of West-Jersey, (and his being so, was rather 
the best Qualification in the World, for him to find a 
Westerly Branch) was pitch'd upon, and agreed with, 
to go and view all the Branches betwixt Delaware and 
Suskehanna River. 

And it was no loss to have observed upon the Fish- 
kill; for if the Latitude had been found there, and a 
more Westerly Branch found, there would have needed 
no more, than to have run a true West Line to that 
more Westerly Branch: It's another Mistake, that 
upon Capt. Harrison's Return, his Report was, that 
there was no Branch to the Westward of the Fishkill; 
for in his Report he gives an account of several, with 
each — of their Breadths; but there was not one of these 



1754] ADMINISTRATrON OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 253 

above 30 Foot wide, whereas the Fishkill, at the Sta- 
tion Point, (which, as they own, is above 24 Miles 
further North than tlie Way Capt. Harrison went) was 
found, by measuring, to be 462 Foot over, and widens 
much below that. 

As to any Branch that could be betwixt the Place 
that Capt. Harrison went from, and the Station Point, 
the River was particularly searched by the Commis- 
sioners themselves, and no considerable Branch they 
found, but one of about two Chains over at its Mouth, 
which runs to the West and South, and which even 
Capt. Harrison crossed in his Way, he being assured it 
was the same, from the Information, both of Indians 
that he met with, and of the white Man that was his 
Guide, who had gone from that Place where he cross'd 
it, down in Canoes, to the Fishkill; and besides, it is 
not likely that a Branch of two Chains over, should 
run more Northerly, than one of eight Chains ovei", 
and which is much deeper, and at the same Time, a 
very swift Stream: seeing that the Fishkills Course is 
generally North-westerly, and that Branch goes out to 
the West, and turns to the Southward. 

There was not one of the Jersey Commissioners at 
Madam Corbet's, during the Time that the Surveyors 
together, took any Observation there; it's true, that Mr. 
Wilcocks came, according to his Appointment with the 
other Commissioners: After Capt. Jarrat had taken 
Observations enough, and was gone to York, and was 
present at some Observations made by Mr. Alexandei*, 
for his own Diversion; but no one Observation was 
taken by Capt. Jarrat, or Mr. Alexander, after Jarrat's 
Return. 

Its true, there was a Difference of four Miles in some 
of the Observations at Madam Corbit's; but from thence 
it cannot be inferred that the Instrument is erroneous, 
for if the Object Glass of the Telescope of the Instru- 
ment be not so plac'd, as that the Axis of the Glass is 



254 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

coincident with the Eays of the Sun shining thro' the 
Telescope, there will be a Variance, which, to do ex- 
actly, is beyond the Art of Man to do; but what ever 
that differs from the Truth, may be found out by only 
inverting the Telescope, and the Difference between 
that and the former Observation halved and added to 
the least, and substracted from the greatest, gives the 
true Observation, which every one that is tolerably 
versed in the Knowledge of Glasses knows to be true, 
and this Method was followed at Mackhacamack; and 
Capt. Jarrat acknowledges this to be the Reason of the 
Variation, but can't conceive what's so notoriously 
known; and James Alexander, does positively say, that 
he has observed with all the Parts of that Instrument, 
and that the Mean of the several Observations at the 
same Place of the Quadrant with the Telescope both 
Ways, doth not differ one from another above one 
Minute and a Half: What they say is evident beyond 
Contradiction, is ridiculous in itself, and proves, be- 
yond Contradiction, that the Petitioners know nothing 
of the Matter; for the Difference of the Observation be- 
tween the Fishkill and Madam Corbit's no more prove 
that the Partition Point is placed four Miles to the 
Northward, than it does, that it's four Miles to the 
Southward. 

We presume the Petitioners don't know the Differ- 
ence between Radius and Diameter, for many of them 
have seen it, and could never mistake so far as to call 
Twenty-two inches Radius as that Instrument is, but 
Twenty-two Inches Diameter, if they did. 

As to Arguments offered against the Act, we know 
not what they are, but if we may depend upon the In- 
formation of those who, we believe, knew much more 
of that Matter than any of the Petitioners, they are not 
esteemed of Weight sufficient to answer the End in- 
tended by them, and are in no likelihood of procuring 
the Repeal of it; and we are induced to believe our In- 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERXOR BELOHER. 255 

formation, not only from the Nature of the Act, but 
from the conduct of the Governor, who would not have 
recommended the passing an Act of the like Nature to 
the Assembly of this Province, had he been under the 
least Doubt of the Disapprobation of that at New -York; 
nor do we conceive the Consequence attending such 
Eepeal, with Respect to this Affair, can be any other 
than refunding into the Treasury, the Money spent on 
this Occasion; for we presume the Lines and Bound- 
aries of this Government may be ascertained, without 
the Consent of that Assembly, if any Persons will be 
at the Charge of it ; and that your Honour, or such Per- 
son as shall be instructed with the Government of this 
Province, will be both willing and able to protect us in 
the Enjoyment of our Civil Rights. 

They say, that by running the Line, the Petitioners 
will be in Danger of being encroached upon: Being in 
Danger of being encroach 'd upon, is a Reason they 
should have blushed at : If they could have made out 
they should be encroach 'd on, it might have had some 
Weight; but surely they never could so far flatter them- 
selves, with the Hopes of putting a Stop to an Affair of 
this Consequence, by their being in Danger of being 
incroach'd upon, except they had good Assurances, 
that, say what they w^ould, it should be effectual, as 
we are pretty well assured they had, and shall be rep- 
resented in its proper Time and Place: The Petitioners 
cannot say, they would be incroach'd upon if the Line 
was truly run, they making no Pretence to Land in 
Jersey; so that they durst not offer that; and if it was 
not truly run, Jersey might be in Danger of being in- 
croach'd upon, as well as the Petitioners; and the 
natural Petition on that Head should have been, that 
the utmost Care should be taken to run it truly, and 
not to put a Stop to it. 

They make a Flourisli of the Justice and Indulgence 
of the Crown; which, we make no Question, all his 



25fi ADMrniSTRATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCHER. [1754 

Majesty's good Subjects will, at all Times, feel the 
proper and good effects of, according to their Demean- 
our; but what they mean by Justice and Indulgence 
here, is the Conduct of the Person Governor of New- 
York at that Time, and is quite different from what 
they are pleased to call it; and we persuade ourselves, 
to just and impartial Men, will appear to be what it 
really is; to make which appear, we humbly pray, your 
Honour to receive the following Information; Some 
Dutch Farmers wanting Land, pitch'd upon a Place 
called Tapan, and applied to Col. Dungan; who being 
informed, the Land they had pitch'd upon, lay mostly 
in Jersey, used his Endeavour to alter the Station, by 
him so solemnly agreed on, and prevailed on the Sur- 
veyor of York and West- Jersey, to join in making the 
Report, in the Year 16SG, mentioned before; to which 
they could never get the Surveyor of East- Jersey to 
join : After, or about the Time of that Report, he grants 
the Lands desired, to the People of Tapan, for the Con- 
sideration they made him; which Lands lay mostly in 
the Jersies; and they settled down by Virtue of those 
Grants, and by the Countenance of that Governor (who 
had the Vis major,) held them, and do so to this Day. 
Some there were who held Lands by Jersey Rights 
within this Grant, and these were f orc'd to comply, and 
take new Ones from that Government, which he gave 
for tlie full Quantity they held before; but to one of 
them, who held from Jersey a considerable Tract of 
Land, which would interfere with his Grant to Tapan, 
and who he was loth to dispossess altogether, lest it 
would shake his new Settlement, and bring the Vali- 
dity of his Titles in Question, and thereby lay him 
under the Necessity of i-efunding the Money he receiv'd, 
he made a Grant for the whole Land: and both the 
Patents of Tapan and Lockarts lying in the Office to- 
gether, he ordered a Day's prior Date to be put to tlie 
formei-, wliich was not disccjvered till long after; and so 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 257 

they hold the Land to this Day: And what Disputes 
that has occasioned between Corbet and Meritt, is no 
Secrett. This giving away of the Jersey Lands, con- 
trary to the most solemn Agreement made by himself, 
as before, and in this Manner, is the so much magni- 
fied Justice and Indulgence; and how far it deserves 
those Epithets, may one Day be determined. 

They come at last to Proposals, and offer to be at 
half the Charge of an Instrument proper and large 
enough, to be approved and attested to be true and 
correct by able Ai'tists, and the Obhquity settled, &c. 
As to the Obhquity, enough has been said already to 
shew the Weakness of that poor Pretence; and as to 
the Instrument, they neither tell what Instrument 
they mean by a proper Instrument, nor how large is 
large enough, nor who these Skilful Artists shall be 
that are to try and attest it; but having reserv'd to 
themselves a Power of adding, altering, or amending, 
we suppose, they'll think that Reservation gives them 
an Authority proper and large enough to make Use of 
when this (none-such) Instrument arrives, to render it 
as wholly ineffectual for the Purposes of ascertaining 
the Station, as they have endeavoui^'d to do this; for 
there will be a Necessity of certifying, that these are 
skilful artists; and those that certify them such, will 
need another Certificate, to certify their Judgments 
that so certify, and so on; and notwithstanding such 
Certificate of the Correctness of the Instrument, it 
wont be safe to proceed upon it till its tried here, and 
known to be so or how to correct the Errors of it in 
Case its not; and if so, such Certificate is needless; 
and with this good Instrument there may and will 
Differences happen in the Observations in different 
Parts of the Instrument; and all that can be said on 
it (though confess'd to be true) will not prove satisfac- 
tory to any person resolved not to proceed, and one 
Stroke of Cant, that he cannot in Conscience proceed 
18 



2S8 ADMIKISTRAtiOisr OF GOVERNOR BEtCHEE. [1754 

to determine the Latitude by it, overthrows the whole 
Affair, and puts Things in the same condition they are 
at present; which is all that we expect from the Peti- 
tioners, or their proposals; though we shall be always 
ready to comply with sincere, just and practicable 
Proposals, whenever they appear from the Petitioners 
or any else, some of which we think to be, that the 
Commissioners and Surveyors proceed according to the 
Directions of the Legislature, their Oaths and Com- 
missions, till they finish the Work; and if any or all 
of these will not or cannot proceed, that some others, 
more willing, able, and knowing, be sought out, that 
both can and will; tliat the Commissioners and Sur- 
veyors of the Provinces concerned in the Station- 
Point on Delaware, meet, and try to find the Defects 
of the present Instrument (if any such there be) and if 
they can, amend them, and rectify any Error occa- 
sioned by them; that if they think it impracticable by 
that Instrument to determine the Latitude, that then 
they stop their Proceedings tiU they get one by which 
they can; but that it be not Stoptupon the bare Whim 
or Credit of any one Visionary among them: These 
Proposals are what we humbly conceive to be just and 
reasonable, and what we hope will be complied with; 
but if the Opposers of this good Work persist in their 
Endeavours to defeat and elude the good Intent of 
of those Laws made on that Behalf, and a Stop is put 
on the Side of New- York, without the Consent of the 
Rest concerned; we become huuible Suppliants to your 
Honour, that it may be done on the Part of Jersey, 
for v/hich we shaU be ready and wilHng to defray the 
Expence. 

As to Capt. Jarrat, his whole Conduct while con- 
cerned in that Affair, gave but too visible Indications 
of his Attachment to that Party, whose Endeavours 
have been to prevent the Running of those Lines; so that 
little less was expected from him than is come to pass; 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOH BELCHER. 259 

and we refer him to that Conscience he seems so ten- 
der of, which will not fail faithfully to lay before him 
the true Motives that prevailed upon him to make that 
Pretence; and with as great a Deference to him, as he 
has to that, take Leave to observe, that Tapan Creek 
does not he two Minutes to the Northward of the place 
of Observation, we are informed, hardly one; and that 
Younkers Mill lies about six Miles to the Southward of 
it, as we are informed; and if so, even this Extream 
of between two or three Minutes to the Southward of 
the Place of Observation, cannot reach these Mills: 
This is a Matter he can easily determine, if his Con- 
science is not disposed to contradict his Eyes. 

Notwithstanding that Capt. Jarrat says, there is a 
wide Variation in the Observations, to wit, of between 
4 and 5 Minutes, yet he is careful to avoid saying, that 
the Instrument is erroneous; for he is sensible, that 
the best Instrument that ever was, may differ twice 
that Number of Minutes in the Observations, and at 
the same Time be perfectly good, (viz. as good as 
Man's Hands can make it,) for its ten Thousand to 
one, if the Glass-Grinder, do so grind the Object Glass 
and center it, and the Instrument-Maker so place it in 
the Instrument, as to make the Axis of the Glass per- 
fectly coincident with the Rays of the Sun; which if 
they do not exactly, (and to say its exactly, is beyond 
human Art) there must be a Refraction of the Rays; 
which made Astronomers, as particularly Buhaldus, 
upon the fu-st Use of Telescopes, to such Instruments, 
say, that glasses were not at all fit for such Instru- 
ments, because we could never know, whether the 
Ray came directly or refractedly to our Eye; and, no 
Doubt, they would have soon been disused, if a 
method had not been found out to discover that; 
which since has been, and which perfectly shews, 
whether a Ray comes dkectly or not, and (if not) 
exactly, how much it is refracted; and that is, by 



260 ADMINISTRATION OF GO^TEENOR BELCSER. [1754 

having the Telescope moveable, so that if by looking 
thro' it, one Way you find your Object of one Height, 
so much as this is too high or too low, you can find 
out, by turning the opposite Side of your Telescope 
uppermost, and looking again to the Object; now so 
much as the Object appeared too low the first Way, 
so much must it appear too high this Way, et e contra; 
and of Consequence, the Difference between the two 
Altitudes is twice the Error, which halved, and added 
to the least, and subtracted from the greatest, will 
give the true Altitude, as weU as if the Rays had come 
directly to the Eye. 

Now Capt. Jarrat is sensible, that this is the Cause 
of the Variation of the Observations, and has owned, 
that that Method of correcting, which is so j)lain in it- 
self, and which every one that has any tolerable knowl- 
edge in Glass, knows to be perfectly true, is true in 
Theory, and to be used in Astronomy, for one's own 
private Satisfaction; but thinks its not to be put in 
Practice in this Case, not because it wiU not do, and 
discover as truly the Latitude sought, as if it was per- 
fectly correct, but because he is pleased to say, some 
Estates are at Stake, so that if he should determine 
with that Instrument, he might be hable to future 
Eeproaches of being bribed or byass'd; and therefore 
desires a larger Instrument, not to determine the Mat- 
ter with more Truth, but to vindicate himself from 
the Aspersions of being bribed or byass'd; what sug- 
gested that Thought he best knows, and from this we 
may guess, how likely the Success is to answer the 
Expectation. 

We are not surprised at this from him, but very 
much so at the Report of the Gentlemen of his Majes- 
ty's Council of New- York, who advise that Jarrat 
should be directed to certify, by some Instrument 
under his Hand and Seal, that the Station pretended 
to be fix'd at the Fishkill, is wrong and erroneous, to 



1754] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 361 

that End, that Province might not, at any Time, re- 
ceive any Prejudice by a tripartite Indenture, executed 
by the Surveyors and Commissioners, &c. before the 
Defects was discovered. 

The Reasons which, upon the whole Matter, induced 
them to give this Advice, are as extraordinary; and 
with due Deference to the Characters of those Gentle- 
men, amounts to no more than an implicit Depend- 
ance on Jarrat's Word, w^ithout any Proof or Reason 
given for the Truth of what he says. 

That is to say, Jarrat who was made Choice of, as 
the ablest Mathematician, has, by the Declarations in 
his Petition, and Assurances before them, Complained 
of the Defect of the Instrument. 

And has also declared, that the Methods proposed 
by Mr. Alexander, are not satisfactory to him. 

We humbly submit to your Honour's Judgment, 
whether this is any more, either in Words or Meaning 
than that Jarrat said so; Jarrat says the Instrument 
is defective, and that he is not satisfied with the 
methods proposed by Alexander; (and therefore) is this 
ground sufficient to set aside all that has been done, 
and elude the good Intentions of two Provinces, upon 
the Credit of a Man, which, for any Thing they know, 
may be in the Wrong, and in all Probability is so? 
They say, he declared so in his Petition, and assured 
them so; there is nothing like it in his Petition, and 
Alexander protests, he does not remember that ever 
he told them so; he, indeed, tells them of wide Differ- 
ences of Observations, but that does not prove a De- 
fect in the Instrument; that may happen many Ways, 
and the Instrument be good enough. Has Jarrat said, 
these Differences proceed from the Defects of the In- 
struments or given them any Proof that it is so? Or 
will he presume to say so? If he does, we deske he 
may be ask'd upon his Oath, (for his Conscience may 
get the better of his Memory) whether he took any of 



^63 ADMIJTISTRATTON OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

these Observations himself at Corbet's, that made this 
Discoveiy, or saw them taken? or knows any Thing 
about them, but by Information from another? And 
we advise him in this Case, to have some Regard to 
his Memory ; because there are Men aUve, that knows 
in what Part of the Province he was at that Time; and 
we desire these Honourable Gentlemen, together with 
their Petitioners, and Mr. Jarrat, to give any Proof if 
they can, that this Difference of Observations, pro- 
ceeded from the Defect of the Instrument, and not the 
Mistake of the Observator; and such a Mistake that, 
for any Thing they do, or can know, might have been 
rectified by the Penetration and quick Sight of their 
able Mathematician Jarrat, had he been present: And 
we humbly submit it to the calmer Consideration of 
these Honourable Gentlemen, whether it had not been 
more prudent, as well as just, when that pretended 
Discovery was made, to have referred it to the Exam- 
ination and Report of the Commissioners and Survey- 
ors of all the Parties concerned, who were instructed 
with it, and whose proper Business it was, than to 
have made a Report themselves, with so much Pre- 
cipitation, in a Matter that not one Man of them are 
competent Judges of. 

These Commissioners and Surveyors were upon 
Oath; and if upon Examination; they had found, that 
the Station had been wrong fix'd, would have i-ectified 
it; and in Case the Instrument had been so defective, 
that they could not with it, do what was intended; 
they would have said so; which would have been 
authoritative and conclusive: But further, Jarrat de- 
clared, what Alexander said was not satisfactory to 
him; it may be so, nor to the Gentlemen before whom 
he was ; this is a very grave and short Way of answer- 
ing any Thing: But can these Gentlemen be assured, 
that Jarrat spoke Truth, or what that Dissatisfaction 
l^roceeded from, whether from Want of Argument on 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 263 

the Side of Alexander, or Capacity on the Part of 
Jarrat? If they say the fii-st, then they needed not to 
have used the Authority of Jarrat's Declaration, but 
have determined upon their own Judgments; which 
we presume, would have been upon better Reasons 
than a Say so. 

Such are the Reasons, and the Advice is correspon- 
dent; they advise, that Jarrat be directed under his 
Hand and Seal, to give the Lye to himself, and all the 
Parties to that Indenture; and upon his single Au- 
thority to certify, that the Station at the Fishkill 
(which they already caU a pretended One) is wrong. 
Here are two Acts of Assembly that make the Deter- 
mination of the Parties to that Indenture, binding up- 
on both Provinces: Here is a Committee of the Council 
of one Province take upon themselves to overthrow 
this, by a Certificate of one Man, (without Proof or 
Colour of Reason but his say so; and that, as he must 
own, not from his own Knowledge, but from the In- 
formation of another) to make that Determination bind- 
ing upon neither; how far the Success will answer these 
Endeavours, Time wiU discover. 

Mr. Alexander being present at the Committe, we 
have desired him to say what he thinks proper to these 
Matters, and is as follows: 

'James Alexander declares, he does not remember 
'that ever Capt. Jarrat said upon the Spot, that he 
'could not rectify the wide Errors of the Instrument, 
'nor take upon him to fix the Station by it, the same 
'varying so much in it self: He remembers indeed, 
'that he was very capricious in this Matter ever since 
'he went to Mahackemack, and especially after the 
'News of his Excellency's Departure, laying all the 
'Blocks in the Way that >ver he could invent, making 
'Mountains of Mole-Hills, as in this C*ase: And wiiat- 
'ever Dissatisfaction he shewed with any of the Obser- 



264 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. [1754 

'vations when he came down to York (after the last 
'Observation he ever took with it) he declared himself 
'to he perfectly satisfied with the Instrument, and per- 
'f ectly to understand how to reconcile the Observations 
'which was upon Thursday the thirteenth Day of 
'August; and we expecting the Commissioners up the 
'next Day. I was very loath he should go down to 
'York; but he said, he wanted no more Observations, 
'and that the next Day he would come up with them, 
'and settle the Station: But Capt. Walters being sick, 
'the Commissioners thought fit to delay the Time of 
'meeting for a Week; so upon the Monday he came up 
'again, and paid me the Compliment of saying, he just 
'came up to acquaint me of it, and to bring me down : 
'Mr. Willocks being there, we three adjourned the 
'Time of meeting till the Seventh of September; and I 
'went down to York with Caj)t. Jarrat; and we carried 
'the Instrument along with us, having no further to 
' do with it there, he seeming still perfectly satisfied, as 
' before; In the Beginning of September, I saw him sev- 
' eral Times, and he having the Gravel, declared, as soon 
' as he was able he would be ready to go up and finish 
' the Work: And I never heard of any dissatisfaction 
' he had, 'till Col. Hicks came to Town for to go up on 
'the Line about the Seventh of September; and I then 
' being sick. Col. Hicks and Capt. Walters came to see 
' me, and told me, that Jarrat was in another of his mad 
' Fits, and was saying to every Body the Instrument 
' was erroneous, and that it differed four or five Minutes; 
' I told them, that I knew, and he knew that long ago, 
' and that the Instrument was not one Pin the worse of 
' that; but I could scarcely think he was in earnest. 

' And further, I being present at the Committee of 
' the Honourable the Council of New-York, I don't re- 
' member, that Capt. Jarrat said further to the Com- 
' niittee concerning what he told me at Mrs. Corbet's, 



1754J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 265 

' than that he was dissatisfied with these Differences, 
' and that he told me of it before several People; and I 
' think it was upon Interrogatories afterward made by 
' the Committee, that he declared, he could neither 
' rectify the wide Errors of the Instrument nor take up - 
' on him to fix the Station by it.' 

Whenever another Instrument of five or six Foot 
Radius does come, tho' at the same Time it be a very 
good One, I could ventui-e to lay the Price of that In- 
strument with Capt. Jarrat, there will be four or five 
Minutes Difference in the Observations that shall be 
taken by it; and for the same Reasons then he cannot 
adventure to settle the Latitude by it, and of Conse- 
quence never. 

It is impossible for the Art of Man, to make an In- 
strument perfectly true and correct; and if the Line be 
stay'd till one be certified to be so, by able and skiUful 
Mathematicians from Great Britain, it will be stay'd 
for ever; for the most that able and skilful Mathemati- 
cians can do, is to find out the Errors of it, and give a 
Table of Equations, how to correct it; which Capt Jar- 
rat, if he will but take a Httle Pains, may easily make 
himself, for this Instrument; and for the same Reason 
that Capt. Jai-rat wants one now, of 5 or 6 Foot Radius; 
when such a one comes, he has as much Reason to say, 
the Work wants one of 11 or 12 Foot, and so on to 23 
or 24 Foot 'Radius. 

Upon the whole, tho' it must be confess'd to be the 
Interest of both Provinces, that these Stations be fix'd, 
and the Lines ascertained; yet, we think, they ought 
to be done with Justice and Truth on both Sides; and 
it being possible there may be a Defect in the Instru- 
ment, tho' no Manner of Proof yet appears for it, we 
hope the Council, ^vho have not yet approved of the 
Report of ths Committee, will suspend any Approba- 
tion of it, till the Commissioners and Surveyors have 
examined into the Matter, and made their Report on 



266 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

it, and that they do it with all proper Expedition: This, 
we pray, your Honour will be pleased to signify to 
them. 
By Order of the Council of Proprietors, 

J. Barclay, 
Dep. Reg. 
Perth- Amboy, October 12, 1719. 



Numb. 5. 

New- York, July 7. 1740. 
Gentlemen, 

Having been informed, that the Governer of the 
Jersies has lately erected a new County in his Province, 
called by the Name of Morris County, which extends 
its Bounds beyond what this Province esteems the Di- 
vision Line between the two Governments, so as to 
comprehend within it, great Part of the Lands called 
the Minisinks; and has accordingly commissioned Of- 
ficers, Civil and Military, within tliat Precinct, which 
has caused great Disturbance amongst the Inhabitants 
there; and that several Persons, who have long been 
settled there, under Grants from this Government, have 
been threatened to be turned out of their Possessions, 
under Colour of such new erected Jurisdiction. 

And further, that it has been insinuated, by some ill- 
designino Persons, as if I had acknowledged, that the 
Minisink Lands, or great Part thereof, did belong to 
the Jersies; by Reason whereof, you have been intimi- 
dated from exercising your Authority there; I hereby 
acquaint you, that the said Report is false and ground- 
less. 

And these are to signify to you, that I expect you 
will do your Duty strictly in the Preservation of the 
Peace, and Exercise of your Autliority,in the same Man- 
ner as has bean done for the-^o Twenty Years past and 
upwards, till the Division Line between the two Col- 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 267 

onies may be finally fixed and determined: For the 
doing whereof, I shall use my utmost Endeavours, with 
all possible Expedition. 

I desire you'll send your Receipt of this my Letter, 
by the first Opportunity, to, 

You very Humble Servant, 
George Clark, 

To William Cool, William Cortragt, Peter Cickendall 
Esqrs; Justices of the Peace for the County of 
Orange, in New York. 



Numb. 6. 

Trentox, April 10, 174fi. 
Sir, 

Inclosed you have a Memorandum of the Matters 
which a Committee of the Council of Proprietors con- 
ferred with you upon, with a Relation before it, of 
our Powers to answer, reply, &c. to the Claims of the 
New- York Gentlemen, concerning the Line between 
New-York and New- Jersey, of which you'll be pleased 
to impart a Copy of to them, and desire their speedy 
Answer, to be imparted to us for our Reply. 

We beg also, that you would endeavour with them, 
to stop Proceedings at the Suit of Westbrook against 
Abraham Vanaken; for that Matter whereof the said 
Westbrook was indicted in New- Jersey, and there for 
some time committed, viz. distraining for Taxes to 
New- York, in a Place far within New-Jersey, and in 
which he was opposed; and for that Opposition he sued 
Vanaken in an Action of Trespass, Damages £19, in 
Orange County Court, and in which its said he got a 
Verdict at the last Court of that County ; and not satis- 
fied with that, he has employed John Crook, of Esopus, 
to commence another hke Action against Vanaken and 
his Wife, for the Wife's Opposition on that Occasion; 
as by a Letter from Mr. Crook to Vanaken, now before 



268 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

US, appears: We are well assured, that the Place where 
Wesbrook attempted to distrain for New- York Taxes, 
was far within New- Jersey; and if so, then Westbrook 
was justly indicted, and Vanaken and Wife are abso- 
lutely justifiable in opposing that Distress; and West- 
brook ought to remember how he got quit of the Jersey 
Indictment against him, and out of Goal there, viz. by 
an Agreement between the Attorney General here, and 
Col. Matthews, on Terms of Keeping the Peace in those 
Parts, until the Line could be settled; but no sooner 
was Westbrook delivered, but the Persecution was re- 
newed, the Agreement laughed at, and Westbrook 
brought the Action against Vanaken first before men- 
tioned, and now is about to bring a Second for the 
same Thing. 

We beg also, that they would dissuade Col. Dekey 
from putting his Threatenings in Execution, mentioned 
in the Memorandum; especially as the Plantation he 
lives on, extends, we are well assured, above six Miles 
into New- Jersey; and that such a Line as would leave 
his Plantation in New-York Province, must hit pretty 
low down upon New- York Island, to which we never, 
as yet, heard of one to pretend that the Line would 
come. 

We beg also, that they would persuade Jacobus 
Swaartwoot, to be more moderate, and to avoid renew- 
ing Provocations and Abuses on the People living in 
New- Jersey. 

We are in great Hopes, that if the New-York Gentle- 
men will accept of your Mediation in this Affair, that 
that which has been for many Years a Bone of Con- 
tention between the two Provinces may be removed, 
and that the Line may be amicably settled. 

We are. Sir, Your humble Servants, 

James Alexander, 
Robert H. Morris, 
Samuel Nevill. 
To Joseph Murray, Esq; 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 269 

Whei^eas on the 25th Day of March last, Mj.\ Chief 
Justice Morris reported to the Council of Proprietors of 
East-New- Jersey, from the Committee to whom it was 
referred to confer with Mr. Murray, (concerning the 
Causes relating to the Line between New- York and 
New- Jersey, That they had conferred with him long 
on that Subject; and laid before the said Council, a 
Memorandum of the Points insisted on with Mr. Mur- 
ray, containing, particularly, an Offer in Behalf of the 
said Council, to lay before him their Reasons for sup- 
porting the Line, as its esteemed, to the North Par- 
tition Point settled in 1719, if the Gentlemen of New- 
York would lay before him their Pretensions against 
that, and to any other Line. 

Whereupon it was ordered by the said Council, That 
Mr. Chief Justice Morris, Mr. Alexander, and Mr. 
Nevill, or any Two of them, be a Committee, with 
Power to transmit a Copy of the said Memorandum to 
Mr. Murray, in order that he may give a Copy of it to 
the York Gentlemen, for whom he apprehends he was 
first retained; and if they will, according to the Propo- 
sition in the said Memorandum, lay their Pretensions 
in Writing before Mr. Murray, then, with Power to 
answer, reply, rejoin, &c. as they shall think reasona- 
ble, to what shall be offered on the Part of New- York. 

In Pursuance of which Reference, the said Commit- 
tee hereby transmit a Copy of the said Memorandum 
to Mr. Murray, for the Purpose aforesaid. 

Memorandum of the Points conferred on with Mr. 
MmTay, by a Committee of the Council of Proprietors 
of East-Jersey, on Saturday the 22d of March, 1745-6. 

As the said Proprietors have brought an Ejectment 
on the Demise of NeviU against Thomas Dekey, for 
Lands far in Jersey, by any Line that ever they heard, 
with any Colour of Truth and Reason, was pretended 
to; and have requested Mr. Murray's Assistance as 
Council therein (upon a general Retainer foi- them 



270 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

upwards of twenty Years) by Letter of June 7, 1745, 
inclosing a Bill of £3, Proclamation; and Mr. Murray 
delays assisting them in that suit, lest it interferes 
with another Retainer concerning the Line of York 
and Jersey, by some gentlemen, which he suspects 
may be prior to the Proprietors Retainer. 

Mr. Murray is now entreated, as often before, to 
search for that Retainer, to know its Date, to see 
whether it be prior, and its Purport, to see how far he 
is thereby retained, for surely, if prior, it ought to 
have some Limitation. For Example: Suppose they 
should claim the Lands of Courtlandt's Heirs, four or 
five Miles within New-Jersey, lately tried, would he 
think himself bound, by that Retainer, to Support that 
Pretence of those York gentlemen? If not, then 
whether that Retainer can extend to support their 
Claim of Lands as far within New- Jersey ? 

Again, if these Gentlemen's Retainer was prior, and 
they take Steps concerning that Line, not advised by 
him, but ciTiel, barbarous and unlawful in themselves; 
does he conceive himself bound by that Retainer, to 
support, defend and justify them in those cruel, bar- 
barous and unlawful Steps? 

Example: Mr. Wileman some Years ago, having 
served eight Declarations, in Ejectment, on his De- 
mise, in the Narne of Bayard, upon People living at 
Romopock, within New-Jersey, to ajDpear at Orange 
County Court; in those C'ases the Proprietors thought 
Mr. Wileman had done nothing amiss, but taken a 
legal Course; and it is believed, that with Mr. Mur- 
ray's Advice in Behalf of the Proprietors, those 
Causes were removed to the Supreme Court of New- 
York, by Habeas Corpus, and Pleas of the Jurisdic- 
tion of Jersey, in those Causes pleaded; and tho' Mr. 
Murray staid some Time before he assisted, yet it 
seems he did not think that Retainer for the York 
Gentleman, extended to those Causes. 



1754] ADMIl^-ISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 271 

Now, that Ejectment against Dekey, is for Lands as 
far in Jersey as some of those of Wileman's were, and 
it was as lawful, at least for them to brmg that one 
Ejectment without Offence to anyone, as it was for 
Mr. Wileman to bring the said eight Ejectments: But 
yet the Person whom the Proprietors employed to 
do that lawful Act of serving that Declaration, 
was most barbarously used, was struck, threatned, 
bound and pinioned, and carried to goal as a Crim- 
inal, by Mr. Dekey himself, and his Sons and 
others, and committed, without any Warrant, to 
Goshen Goal; and after he had been many Hours in 
Goal, no Cause of Commitment appeared; but a Writ 
of Trespass upon the Case, Damage £1000, at Suit of 
Dekey, procured many Hours after the Commitment, 
in Hopes, as is supposed, by holding him to Bail in 
that excessive Sum, that he must have long lain there; 
and in which goal the IMan did lye, while an Express 
was sent to Mr. Ogden, the Attorney on Record with 
an Account of his Usage, and until Bail was procured 
in Orange County for the Messenger, in that large 
Sum. 

Mr. Murray is begged to consider, whether the Re- 
tainer of the York Gentlemen extended to justify them 
in such Actions; and if not, that he would give his 
Assistance, in defending the messenger of the Pro- 
prietors, against that Sham- Action on the Case, and in 
procuring Satisfaction for the said barbarous and un- 
lawful Usage, 

The said Thomas Dekey, being Colonel of the Militia 
of Orange County, has of late summoned several Peo- 
ple, settled in New Jersey, at least fifteen miles wathin 
the Line, to come and train under him; and threatens, 
if they do not, that he will distrain them for their 
Fines, by the Laws of New-York, tho' those People 
have been listed several Years in the Militia of Jersey, 
as by a Certificate of the Captain with whom they 
were listed, may appear. 



272 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

Mr. Murray is begged to consider, whether he con- 
ceives his Retainer will extend to oblige him to justify 
Mr. Dekey, should he actually distrain those People; 
and whether that Eetainer would oblige him to justify 
them, if they came to distrain at Bergen, which will 
sooner fall into New- York, than the place where these 
People live. 

Mr. Dekey also threatens, that if any Jersey Sur- 
veyor, comes to the Place where those people live, to 
survey the Lands, that he will commit him to Orange 
Goal. 

Does Mr. Murray think his Retainer extends to jus- 
tify Mr. Dekey in that? 

A Justice of the Peace, living many Miles within 
Jersey, was apprehended, brought to Orange Goal, 
committed and indicted, and lay there long confined, 
to his gTeat Damage; and all this for no other Cause, 
than that he exercised the Jurisdiction of a Justice of 
the Peace, in New Jersey; but they say, the Place is 
in New- York; but it's supposed, that Newark will fall 
sooner into New-York,. , by the Line, than the place 
where that Justice exercised his Authority. 

Does Mr. Murray think his retainer, if prior, ex- 
tends to justify them in those doings ? or does he con- 
ceive himself, bound by the Retainer of the Proprietors 
of East- Jersey, to assist them in procuring Redress for 
that iujm'ed Man ? 

A Jersey Constable, executing a lawful Warrant 
within Jersey, was pursued, fired at, his Horse shot 
under him, apprehended, and carried to Orange Goal, 
for no other Cause, and lay long there. 

Does Mr. Murray think his Retainer, if prior, extends 
to justify also that ? 

The Rioters of Newark, give out, that Col. Dekey, is 
in strict League witli them, and has engaged to bring 
his Regiment to Newark, or any where else in Jersey, 
to theii' Assistance, when required. Mr. Murray knows, 



1*^54] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 273 

that those Riots have been committed in Opposition 
to the Title of the Proprietors of East-Jersey. 

Whether in Case of Proof of such League with, and 
Promise of Col. Dekey, Mr. Murray v^ill think him- 
self bound, by his prior Retainer, (if such be) not to as- 
sist in bringing Col. Dekey to Justice, for such League ? 

There are Multitudes of other Instances of Cruelty 
and Oppression committed within these four Years, by 
the Instigation of Thomas Dekey and Jacobus Swaart- 
woot, within New- Jersey, and so far within it, as that 
Bergen wiU sooner fall into New- York, by the Line. 

Does Mr. Murray think his Retainer, if prior, obUges 
him to justify aU those Cruelties ? and if not, wiU he 
assist the Proprietors, in obtaining Redress for those 
injured People, and all who shall so be injured for the 
future ? 

The Proprietors have brought another Ejectment on 
Demise of Nevill, for Lands, as far in New-Jersey, as 
the Lands of the Heirs of Courtland; but pretended to 
be within Honan and Hauden's Patent, and in which, 
they requested Mr. Murray's Assistance, as Council, by 
the said Letter of June 7, 1T45. 

Does he conceive his Retainer, from the York Gentle- 
men, if prior, obliges him to defend that Action for 
them ? 

As the Proprietors of East- Jersey, have, ever since 
their said general Retainer, upwards of twenty years 
ago, chiefly relied on Mr. Murray, in all their Causes; 
they hope, that by any prior Retainer, concerning the 
Line of New-York and Jersey, if any such should be, 
that it wiU not be extended further, than what appears 
plain by it, to be the Intent of the Persons retaining, dis- 
covered to him, who was thereby retained at the Time; 
which the Proprietors are sure, Mr. Murray would never 
have accepted to justify them in any Ways of Oppres- 
sion and Cruelty; and, therefore, can never be bound, 
19 



274 ADMINiSTKATIOK OF GOVEBNOR BELCHER. [1754 

by such Retainer, for them, in the said cruel and barbar- 
ous Causes. 

Nor would Mr. Murray ever accept of a general Fee, 
to defend them in whatever Line they should be pleased 
to pretend was the Line of York and Jersey, but in 
such Line only as they should, with Reason and Justice, 
claim to be the Line; and in all rational Steps for hav- 
ing that Line established; and m that, the Proprietors 
of East-New-Jersey, will most heartily join. 

Wherefore it's submitted, in order to determine the 
Extent of their prior Retainer, if any such be, whether 
they should not dehver to Mr. Murray, in Writing, 
their Claim, where they would have the Line, with 
their Reasons for the Support of that Claim ? That Mr. 
Murray, should communicate that Claim and Reasons 
to the Proprietors of East- Jersey, for their Answer, and 
that Answer to the York Gentlemen for their Reply; 
and so to Rejoinder, Surrejoinder, &c. tiU Mr. Murray is 
satisfied, what Line is just for the New- York Gentle- 
men to insist on, and so far (if their Retainer be prior) 
to assist them in all lawful and reasonable Means, to 
have that established; and beyond that, to assist the 
East- Jersey Proprietors against their Encroachments: 
This Method the Proprietors will most readily join in, 
for Mr. Murray's Satisfaction; and, it's humbly con- 
ceived, the York Gentlemen ought, in like Manner, to 
comply with it. 

By Order of the said Committee, 

Laur. Smyth, Clk. 



Numb. 7. 

New- York, November 13, 1753. 
Gentlemen, 

Finding by an Advertisement in the News-Papers, 
that the Owners of the Minisinks Patent, and Waway- 
anda Patent, are desired to meet here at this Time: I, 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOR BELCHER. 275 

as an Owner of 3-46 of the Minisinks Patent, formerly 
Fauconier's; and an Owner of a small Share in Waway- 
anda Patent, formerly Augustus Oldfield's; thought 
it my Duty to attend, to give the best Assistance in 
my Power, for the mutual Benefit of the Owners of 
those Patents. 

I do not know, that I shall differ in Opinion from 
the rest of the Partners, in any one Point, but concern- 
ing the Line of East- New- Jersey, on which those two 
Patents bound; and on that Point, I believe, we shall 
differ so much in Opinion, that you won't incline that 
I should be present at your Deliberations on that Head: 
Wherefore, as soon as you think of entering on that 
Point, I shall withdraw, and leave you some of my 
Sentiments in Writing, on that Matter, which, Ibeheve, 
will be no Prejudice to the Partners of those Patents, 
seriously to consider. 

Gentlemen, 

The North Partition Point of New Jersey, on Dela- 
ware, being fixed in 1719, the Surveyors and Commis- 
sioners, made an Estimate of the Course that the Line 
would run, from the North Partition point on Dela- 
ware, to the Partition- Point on Hudson's River; which 
Line, by their Order, was run and mark'd, and the 
Measure of the Whole was nearly 75 Miles, of which 
three Miles is abreast of the Patent to Hardenbergh 
and Company; 32 Miles, I esteem, it runs along the 
Minisinks Patent; 16 along Wawayanda Patent; 16 
Miles more along the Patent of Cheescocks, and the 
remaining eight, along Honan and Hauden's Patent, 
and the Patents of Tapan: I take even Numbers of 
Miles, and neglect the Parts of Miles 

Of Minisinks Patent, I am Owner of 3-46, as before; 
and of Cheescocks Patent, I am Owner of 7-28; and 
these two Patents extend, as before, 48 Miles of the 75 
along the Line; so that, tho' I am greatly concerned. 



276 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. fl754 

that the Line should be settled some Way or other; 
yet it veiy little concerns my particular Interest, 
whether it be settled as was judged in 1719, or even 50 
Miles lower down; the Difference of my Interest, on 
the Jersey Side or York Side, I do not esteem equal to 
my Proportion of the Charge, that the settling of that 
Line has cost, and is like to cost. 

In which I am something oddly circumstanced, as I 
voluntarily contribute my Proportion in New Jersey 
of the Charge, of endeavoring to have the Line settled, 
and am compelled m New- York, to pay my Proportion 
of the publick Taxes, applied for hindering the Settle- 
ment of the Line. 

The keeping that Line unsettled, as it's a vast 
Prejudice to East-New-Jersey, so, I think, it's not 
much less prejudicial to the Owners of New- York 
Patents, along the Line; and more especially to the 
Owners of the Minisinks Patent, which is suffered to 
He undivided, and of very httle Value to the Owners, 
tho' it contains, by my Estimation, above 200,000 
Acres of Land, were the Line of New- Jersey fixed, ac- 
cording to the Observations of 1719. 

To me. Gentlemen, it would seem worthy of your 
Consideration, to enquire, and be satisfied what that 
Line is ? what have been the Causes that that Line has 
remained so long unsettled ? what have been, and are 
the Obstructions to it ? and how, and by what Means, 
those Obstructions may be justly removed ? 

As to what that Line is, the Deeds from the 
Duke of York, first to Lord Berkley and Sir George 
Carteret, aud afterwards to the Proprietors of New- 
Jersey, in 1664, 1680, and 1682-3, aUsay of New -Jersey, 
that it ' hath upon the West, Delaware Bay or Eiver, 
' and extending Southward to the Main-Ocean, as far 
' as Cape-May, at the Mouth of Delaware Bay; and to 
' the Nortliward, as far as the Northermost Branch of 
' the said Bay or Eiver, which is in 41° 40' of Latitude, 



1754] ADMINISTRATIOlf OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 277 

' and crosseth over thence in a straight Line to Hudson's 
^Eiver, in 41° of Latitude.' 

As to the Cause of it's not being run, I find, that in 
Year 1719, the Settlement of the Line was stopp'd 
upon an Allegation of Allen Jarret, the Surveyor for 
New- York, that the Instrument was not good; for that 
some Observations by it differed four Minutes from 
others, and that the North Partition-point was settled, 
to the Prejudice of New- York. 

From that Difference of Observations, I conceive, it 
no Way follows, either that the Instrument was bad, 
or that the North Partition-point was settled to the 
prejudice of York, more than to the Prejudice of Jer- 
sey; but I allow, if it was wrong settled to the Preju- 
dice of the one or other, it ought to be discovered, 
and if possible amended; and, with Submission I think 
it was the Duty of those who made that Objection, to 
have taken proper Measures to have proved the Objec- 
tion, by getting a better Instrument and better Ob- 
servers, to have discovered the Error, and then to have 
fallen on Means for the Correction of it: This the 
Gentlemen on the York Side then proposed to do, and 
the Gentlemen of the Jersey Side, not only approved 
of that Measure, but agreed to join in the Expence of 
procuring a better Instrument, and had many meet- 
ings with the York Gentlemen for that Purpose; but 
nothing was concluded on: And the Neglect, now for 
above thirty Years, of the York Gentlemen, of all 
proper Means to prove that Objection, is some Evi- 
dence, and no weak One, that they did not believe 
there was Truth in the Objection. 

Another Objection to the running the Line, was 
some Years ago, started, viz. That the Grants of King 
Charles 11. to the Duke of York, were bounded by a 
streight Line, from the head of Connecticut Rivei', to 
the Head of Delaware Bay; and that as great Part of 
New Jersey, was to the Westward of that Line, the 



278 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEENOR BELCHER. [1754 

Duke of York's Grants so far of New-Jersey were 
void. 

This Objection was soon after exploded, by a 
Pamphlet printed about three Years ago, entitled, Ani- 
madversions, by which it was shewn, if that Objection 
was good, it would cut off five Times as much from 
New- York, as it would do from New- Jersey; and I 
verily believe, that the Patents of Hardenbergh, Mini- 
sinks, and Wawayanda, are altogether to the West- 
ward of that Line, and, consequently intirely void, if 
that Objection was good; but that Pamphlet shewed, 
it was neither true nor good. 

Another Objection I have often heard, that the Line 
between New- York and New- Jersey was to go to 
what's now called the Forks of Delaware; as to which 
there was a Deed from the Duke of York to Sir George 
Carteret, in 1674, which granted to Sir George a very 
large part of New- Jersey, in Severalty whereas he was 
entitled then, only to a Moiety undivided: And Sir 
George, in 1676, being made sensible of the Invalidity 
of that Grant against hi' Partner Lord Berkley; de- 
parted from it, by making a Partition of the Whole, 
and giving up a great Part of what was contained in 
that Deed of 1674; which Partition was, in 1718, con- 
firmed by Act of Assembly; which Act has the Eoyal 
Assent: There is some Words in that Deed to Sir 
George, that I believe, gave the first Colour for that 
Objection: But how that Deed of a Part of New- Jer- 
sey, should limit the Bounds of the whole Province, 
gi'anted by Deeds, both prior and posterioi-; and what 
Right the Duke and Sir George had, witliout the con- 
sent of Lord Berkley, to make a Deed, in severalty, of 
any Part; and why that place now called the Forks of 
Delaware, should be meant by that Deed, rather than 
any of some Hundreds of other Forkings of that River, 
are matters that require some Proof: Without which, 
I suppose, the prior and posterior Deeds will be of 
such Force, as if no such Deed had ever been made. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER, 279 

That it hath not been the Fault of East-Jersey, but 
of New- York, that the Line has not been settled ; I 
doubt not, but that the Proprietors of East-New-Jer- 
sey, will soon point out in their Answer to the Com- 
plaints of the Assembly of New- York in June last; 
which ^Answer, I am informed, is to be given to the 
Governor and Couucil of New-Jersey, at their next 
Sitting, which is appointed to be on the 21st Day of 
this Month : And in the mean Time, as I am one of a 
Committee of the Council of Proprietors of East Jer- 
sey, which has subsisted for about eight Years past, in 
order, if possible, to come to an amicable Agreement 
concerning that Line; I do herewith communicate to 
you, a Copy of a Letter and Paper from that Commit- 
tee, delivered to Mr. Murray near eight Years ago, for 
that Purpose; which he declared he had delivered to 
some of the Gentlemen concerned on the York Side, 
for an Answer; and Mr. Murray was often by me 
called upon for their Answer, but so often was an- 
swered by him, that he had received none. 

If you'll seriously consider that Paper, I doubt not 
you'll think the means therein proposed, were rational 
and amicable; and that would the Gentlemen of New- 
York, have opened their Ears to those Propositions, 
the great Charges and Trouble about that Line that 
both Sides have been since put to, might have been 
saved; and if they will still turn a deaf Ear to those 
Propositions, I believe the past Trouble and Charge 
about that Line, will be but little, compared with what 
is very likely hereafter to happen. 

The Neglect of those Propositions for near two years 
after they were made, obliged the East- Jersey Pro- 
prietors to endeavor the obtaining the Act for running 
the Line exparte. After it was past, the Commis- 
sioners of New- Jersey invited the Government of New- 
York, in the most solemn Manner, to communicate 
their Objections, if any they had to it, in order to be 



280 ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

discussed and obviated: But a deaf Ear was turned 
also to that Invitation; which obUged the Proprietors 
of East-New-Jersey to send it Home for his Majesty's 
Approbation, now about five Years ago. 

No one in Behalf of New-York, ever offered any 
Objection to the Act, either to the Proprietors of East- 
Jersey, or to their Agent in England, till the Hearing 
before the Lords of Trade; which hearing was, by the 
New- York Agent, got put off from time to time for 
four Years I'unning, to the great Expence and Delay 
of the Proprietors of East- Jersey; nor upon the Hear- 
ing, was any Method offered or proposed by the New- 
York Agent, for settling of the Line; but insisted on 
the damning of the Jersey Act, and on the damning 
the Proceedings of the Year 1Y19, for the settling the 
Line: both which points he, in some measure, carried. 

The Agent for the Proprietors of East-Jersey, I am 
informed, is endeavouring to have a Ee hearing before 
the Lords Committees for Plantation Affairs, against 
those Parts of the Eeport that affect the Proceedings 
of the Year 1719. I make no doubt he thought it his 
Duty and for the Interest of the Proprietors of East- 
Jersey to do it. But I much doubt if it be to their 
Interest to have that Part of the Report altered; be- 
cause my real Sentiments are, that the Proceedings in 
settling the Line, as done in 1719, were to the Preju- 
dice of New- Jersey; and that the North Partition- 
point of New-Jersey, is farther Northward than was 
then settled. 

The New-Jersey Agent insisted, on the Hearing, 
That as all the Lands in New-York, for many miles 
from the Line, were already granted away, that the 
Interest of the Crown was no way concerned, whether 
the Line was settled according to the Observations of 
1Y19, or for many miles on one Side or the other 
thereof. I believed that he could have made good that 
Assertion; but now I see, that the Lords of Trade have 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. 281 

discovered a Difference which neither the New-Jersey 
Agent, nor his Employers, I believe, thought of, viz, 
"We beg Leave to observe, that in Case of exorbitant 
" Grants, with inconsiderable Quit-Rents, and where, 
"consequently, it may reasonably be supposed, that 
"the Crown has been deceived in such Grants by its 
"Officers, your Majesty's contingent Right of Prop- 
"erty, in Virtue of your Seignury, seems rather to be 
"enlarged than diminished." 

May it not from this be suspected, that if the Line 
Should be settled much further Southward than the 
Line by the Observations of 1719, some of the New 
York Patents along the Line may be in Danger of 
being deemed exorbitant. 

From whence it would seem to me, by damning the 
Proceedings of 1719, the Patents of Minisinks and 
Wawayanda, are not a little endangered. 

1st, By being all, or a great part thereof, included 
in New-Jersey, upon a new Settlement of the Line. 

2dly, If the Line be settled much Southward of that 
of 1719, of being deemed exorbitant Grants. 

Again, if the Proceedings of the Year 1719, be 
damned, I do not see how its possible to preserve the 
Peace of both Provinces, without agreeing upon some 
temporary Line, both of Property and Jurisdiction, or 
something tantamount, until the Line be finally settled; 
which temporary Line, in my humble Opinion, ought 
to be agreed on, with Salvoes of the Right, Property 
and Jurisdiction of both Sides, and even of the mean 
Profits; and I am well assured, from my Acquaintance 
with the Sentiments of the Council of Proprietors of 
East-Jersey, and from their never recalhng the Powers 
of the said Committee, whereof I am one, that they 
will most readily agree to any rational Measures that 
can be proposed for that Purpose. 

It w^ould seem to me also, that a Committee chosen 
by the Owners of the Patents of Minisinks and 



282 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

Wawayanda, to treat with a Committee of the Coun- 
cil of Proprietors of East- Jersey, with the Propositions 
of both Sides in Writing, and with a Mediator to be 
agreed on, for fixing the temporary Line, the Preserv- 
ing the Properties and Claims on both Sides, and 
answering for the mean Profits, and for the Means of 
finally settling the Line, would be the most probable 
Way to attain those good Ends, and in the mean Time 
to preserve the Peace. 

These, Gentlemen, are my Sentiments, which I 
heartily recommend to your Consideration and Reso- 
lutions on them. 

I intend, in two or three Days, to set out to meet the 
Council of Proprietors of East-Jersey where, possibly, 
this may be a Subject under their Consideration. If 
any thing you resolve on in Consequence of this, and 
acquaint me of it before that Time, I will readily com- 
municate it to them. 

I am, Gentlemen, 

Your most Humble Servant, 
James Alexander. 



Affidavits of John Herring;, Eich"^ Gardner & 
Peter Decker relative to an Assault made 
on them by Thomas Dekey & Sons on the 
20 July — received from Kobert Hunter Esq'' 
by the Lords of Trade in his letter dated 31^' 
March 1754. 

John Herring, of Newtown, in the County of Sus- 
sex, and formerly In Morris County, In New Jersey, 
aged fifty six years, as he Believes, In October last, 
being one of the people called Quakers, duly afiirmed, 
according to Law, on his Afiirmation declared, that, 
on the Twenty eth day of July Last, about Two in the 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 283 

afternoon, Being a horseback, rideing, peaceably, in the 
highway, Leading from Goshen to Newtown aforesaid, 
about four or five miles South westward from the Divi- 
sion Line, Between New York and New Jersey, and 
so far within the said County of Sussex, as he Verily 
Believes, Being In Company with Eichard Gardner 
and Peter Decker, Both of Sussex County, aforesaid, 
all riding towards Newtown aforesaid, and the said 
Eichard Gardner Being a Little way before this Affirm- 
ant, as this Affirmant came up, he saw Eichard Gard- 
ner stopt, and one. Commonly Called Jack Dekey, 
whose name is said To be James, Jacob or Jacobus, 
Second son of Thomas Dekey, holding the Bridle of 
Eichard Gardners horse, in his Left hand, and having 
a Large Clubb, in his right hand; 

Whereoti, this affirmant asked Eichard Gardner, 
why he Stop't? he answered he was Assaulted and 
stop't, by that man, the affirmant then Asked Eich- 
ard Gardner, for what reason ? Gardner answered, he 
Knew not; then, the Affirmant asked the said Jack 
Dekey, why he Stop't M' Gardner ? he answered, his 
father Would be there, presently, and Let us Know 
for What reason ; and. In one, or Very few minutes 
after, the said Thomas Dekey, Came up, a horseback, 
and Lighted off his horse, and Came u]) To this Affirm- 
ant, and presented a pistol To this Affirmants Breast, 
and Swore, with an Horrible Oath, that he had a good 
mind To Blow a Brace of Balls, thro' this Affirmant, 
or Words to that purpose; that the said Dekey then 
went To Gardner, and feloniously took his saddle 
Bags, from Behind him, the said Gardner; that the 
said Dekey feloniously took. Out of this affirmants 
hand, a well Seasoned Hickory Walking Stick, about 
an Inch Diameter, at the Big End, and Tapering To 
the Other end. Belonging to this afirmant, about a 
Yard Long; and he, the said Thomas Dekey haveing 
the small End thereof In his hand, struck this Affirm- 



284 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. [1754 

ant on the head, with the big end thereof, with so 
Violent a Blow, that, tho' this Affirmant had a hat on 
his head, made a Wound In his head, of about an Inch 
Long; By which Wound, this Affirmant Lost a Great 
deal of Blood, That the said Dekey, afterwards, Con- 
tinued Beating this Affirmant, with the said Stick, 
Till, by the Blows he, the said Dekey, split the said 
Stick, To Shivers, he Believes about Twenty Blows In 
all; that this Affirmant, all the time sat on his horse, 
and offered no Blow, nor Resistance, to the said Dekey ; 
That the said Thomas Dekey, then. Went To Richard 
Gardner, and Beat, and abused him. and feloniously 
Took, out of the Saddle Bags of the said Richard 
Gardner, a Surveying Campass a Surveying Chain, 
a Surveying Scale, and a Pair of Dividers, and a horse 
Bell, and handed them To his said sons, and George, 
the Eldest son of the said Thomas Dekey, and the said 
Jack, were present, and, by a Miltitude of Oaths and 
Curses, were, during the Whole Time of the Beating 
of the said Gardner, and this Affirmant, Encourage- 
ing their said father, to do it; this Affirmant says, 
that the Blood Run, so Violently, from the said 
Wound, In his head, that, To Keep It from falling on 
his Cloaths, he held his head To a Side, To Let it Run 
On the ground; by reason of Which, he Can't be sure, 
what part of the Things, taken out of the Bags, were 
Received by Each of the sons. But, after they were 
taken out, the said Thomas Dekey, threw the Bags 
at Richard Gardner; and, then, the said Dekey, and 
his Two sons, Mounted their horses, and rode of, 
Carrying with them, the said Compass, Chain, Scale, 
dividers, and Bell, and so, as aforesaid, they feloniously 
Robbed the said Richard Gardner and this Affirmant; 
And this Affirmant says, that, neither he, nor Richard 
Gardner, To his Knowledge or Belief, gave any 111 
Language, to the said Dekey, Nor his sons, nor offered 
any one Blow at them, during the Whole Transaction 



1754] admin'isTration of goveen'Or belcher. 285 

aforesaid; tliat this Affirmant then thought and Still 
thinks, it Very Odd, that the said Thomas Dekey, 
should have so abused him the Affirmant, Being, not 
only, an old man, But a Cripple, and one who, by his 
Religious Principles, Is debarred from using any resist- 
ance, Especially, when Richard Gardner, a man aged 
about Thirty one years, and Peter Decker, about fourty 
Two years of age, were present, and Better able to 
have Born such abuse, than the Affirmant, who is not 
Conscious to himself of haveing ever given the said 
Thomas Dekey, any the Least Just provocation, to 
such abuse of him, this Affirmant, and had not. To his 
Knowledge, seen him since about the Beginning of 
May Last, the said Thomas Dekey was at the Affirm- 
ants house, when and Where, he dined with this 
Affirmant, and then parted, In friendship, for any 
thing this affirmant Knew, and Knows of nothing that 
Could have raised Thomas Dekeys resentment, to that 
Degree, But this Affirmant having Assisted Richard 
Gardner In making a Survey of some Lands, in the 
said County of Sussex, Belonging to the Proprietors 
of East New Jersey 

Jo'' Herring 

a true Coppy Examined by Ja: Alexander 
Affirmed in CounciU this 23' of Nov^ 1753 

Cha Read CI Con 



Richard Gardner, aged about thirty one Years, 
Being one of the People Called Quakers, and duly af- 
firmed, according To Law, on his Affirmation, declared, 
that he had. Several Times, heard the Affirmation 
aforesaid, of John Herring, read to him, and Verily 
BeHeves all the facts, therein related. To have been 
done, on the Twentyeth day of July Last, are true, to 
the Best of his remembrance; And further says, that 
the said Thomas Dekey struck this affirmant, about 



286 ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

Two Blows, while this Affirmant sat on horse Back; 
That, then, the Affirmant aUighted, and run off, a Lit- 
tle distance, when, the said Thomas Dekey Called for 
his pistol, and swore he would shoot the affirmant, or 
Blow a Brace of Balls thro' him; and f mother, this Af- 
firmant sayth not; 

Rhd. Gardner. 

a true Copy Examined by Ja. Alexander. 
Affirmed In Councell 23d Nov 1Y53. 

Cha Read CI Con 



Peter Decker, aged about forty two years. Being 
duely sworn. On the Holy Evangelists, On his Oath, 
declares that he has. Several times heard the Affirm- 
ation aforesaid, of John Herring, read to him, and 
Verily Believes, all the facts, therein Related to have 
been done, on the Twentyeth day of July Last, are 
true, to the Best of his rememberance. Except the 
Scale and dividers, which he, the deponent, does not 
remember To have seen Dekeys take. But is sure, as to 
the Compasse, chain and Bell, and Beheves, as to the 
Scale and dividers. 

Peters Decker. 

a true Copy Examined by Ja. Alexander. 
Sworn in Councill 23d Nov 1Y53 

Cha. Read CI Con 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 287 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
transmitting the Proceedings of the Council and 
Assembly. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. 47.1 

Right Hon^.^® Lords Comm''.^ for Trade and 

Plantations. 

Elizabeth Town, (N J) May 15th 1Y54 
My Lords 

I had the Honour of writing your Lordships, the 20: 
of December last, and which I understand got well to 
your Hands, and altho' many Ships are since arrived 
from England at New York, yet I have recieved none 
from your Lordships, respecting His Majesty's Honour 
and Interest here, and the Affairs of this Province, I 
herewith transmit to your Lordships Transcripts of the 
Journals and Minutes of His Majesty's Council of the 
V^ and 21'' of February, and 3" of March, and from 23'^ 
to 30^'' of April last past. 

And the printed Journals of the Assembly in their 
last Session from 17^'' to 29'" of April. 

And these things, my Lords, will give you a full and 
very particular Account, of what has been transacted 
here, since my last, in this Government, and in which 
(I believe) your Lordships will think, I have done every 
thing in my Power, to urge the Assembly to a sense of 
their Duty to the King, by complying with His 
Majesty's most reasonable Orders, for maintaining the 
Honour and Interest of the British Crown, as much as 
in them lye's and for securing the future Safety and 
Happiness of the King's Subjects, Of this and the 
Neighbouring Provinces, and yet they seem at present 
deaf, to entering into any Measures, to ward of the 
Evils they may so justly fear, tiU they arrive at their 



288 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

own Doors: Your Lordships will see I am to meet 
the Assembly again the first of the next Month, when 
I shall urge in the most pungent Manner, their uniting 
with the rest of the English Colonies, for the common 
Safety. 
I have the Honour to be with great Eespect 
My Lords Your Lordship's 

Most Obedient & Most Humble Servant, 

J. Belcher. 



Letter from Lieutenant-Governor DeLancey, of New 
York, to the Lords of Trade — about division line 
between that Province and Neiv Jersey. 

[From New York Col. Documents, Vol. VI, p. 838.] 

New York 21 May 1754 

My Lords (Extract.) 

* * * * J jjQ^ send your Lord^^^ some papers 
relating to the division line, between New Jersey and 
this Province, with a copy of an ancient Map, ' said to 
be signed by Andrew Hamilton, who was then Gov"" 
of East Jersey. I have drawn two lines on the Map, 
to distinguish in a triangle, the Lands that are as I 
conceive still in the Crown. I shall make no obser- 
vations on King Charles Second's Grant to the Duke 
of York, but will suppose the Duke had a right to 
grant the lands, which he did grant to Lord Berkely 
and Sir George Carteret, and then it is to be consid- 
ered how far the Duke's Grant to them, did extend up 



' Presumed to have been a copy of George Keith's map, who ran a portion of the 
Division Line.— Ed. 



1754J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 289 

Delaware Eiver. The bounds from Cape May at the 
mouth of Delaware River and "extending to the 
Northward as far as the Northermost Branch of the 
said Bay, or the River of Delaware, which is in forty 
one degrees and forty minutes of Latitude." There I 
would only observe, that the Northermost Branch of 
the said Bay or River is the terminus ad quem, the 
place alf which they must stop; the words, as far as, 
being the same in source as, usque ad, which is al- 
ways exclusive of the place to which you go; so that 
from Caj)e May, to the Northermost Bi-anch of Dela- 
ware River is the whole extent of the Western boun- 
dary of Jersey. As for these words, which is: in 
forty one degrees and forty Minutes of Latitude, I do 
not take them to be part of the description of the 
Boundary, they are only affirmative words of compu- 
tation, or rather conjecture of the latitude wherein the 
Northermost branch or the Forks of Delaware lye. 
For instance, if a grant was made of all the lands from 
London Bridge to Greenwich, which is ten miles: here 
the mistaken computation made of the distance, will 
not carry the grant beyond Greenwich. London 
Bridge being the terminus a quo, the place whence, 
and Greenwich the terminus ad quem, the place to 
which; and these two make the extent of the Grant, 
and are always understood to be conclusive. So of 
the western boundary of Jersey, the main Ocean at 
Cape May at the Mouth of Delaware Bay, is the ter- 
minus a quo, and the Northermost branch of the said 
Bay or the River of Delaware, is the terminus ad quem, 
which make the extent of the Jersey grant on the 
West. For Delaware River is formed by the two 
branches joining into one Body at the forks of Dela- 
ware may properly enough to be said to be the ne plus 
ultra, of Jersey on that side. For the mistaken com- 
putation of distance or latitude, cannot enlarge the 
20 



290 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

extent of a Grant, words of that sort being not de- 
scriptive but conjectural. 

It is said, as the Patents of Wawayanda and Min- 
isink aie bounded on the Jersey Une, his Maj'^'" interest 
can not be concerned, let the line run where it will, 
but this is a mistake; for the Jersey line on which 
these Patents were bounded, was the supposed hue 
marked in the Map which was at that time understood 
to be the line, and they cannot be extended Southward, 
even if the real line of Jersey is to run from the Forks 
of Delaware, or the head of Delaware Bay, to the 
Station on Hudson's Kiver opposite to the lower 
Yonkers; the King's intention being to grant lands no 
further than the then supposed line. 

I wrote to Gov' Belcher to propose a hne of peace be- 
tween the two provinces, to put a stop to the disputes 
and disorders that are committed on the Borders; in 
which letter I thought it my duty, as his Majesty's 
servant, to tell him my opinion that the forks of Dela- 
ware, were the ne plus ultra of Jersey on that side. 
This paragraph has drawn upon me a pretty extraor- 
dinary proposal from the Jersey proprietors; which 
was delivered to me by M!" Alexander I shall make 
no reflections on it, but submit the propriety of it to 
your LordPP' consideration. I must inform your Lord'^^ 
that M' Alexander is a Member of his Maj^- '' Council 
for this Province and for the Province of Jersey, and a 
considerable proprietor, and chief Manager in behalf 
of the Jersey proprietors, I leave it to your Lord^P' to 
consider how consistent this is, while there is this con- 
troversy subsisting between the two Provinces, and 
between the Proprietors and his Majesty. I inclose 
the Eeport of a Committee of his Majesty's Council on 
the disturbances between the people living on the bor- 
ders of the two Govern'' and the opinion of the Com- 
mittee for establishing a line of peace, until the parti- 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 291 

tion line be fixed between both provinces, and M' 
Alexander's reasons for his dissent to the said Report. 
Your LordPP' will perceive the opinion of His Maj*'"'" 
Council to be, that the line of peace, should run ac- 
cording to the supposed Hne, and the reasons upon 
which they ground their opinion, and if they appear 
satisfactory, I hope directions will be given to the 
.Gov" of the two provinces, that the line be so fixed & 
ascertained as a line of peace, until His Maj'' '' right be 
finally settled in such a legal course, as his Majesty 
shall think proper. 

I am very backward to take any steps to protect the 
Freeholders and Inhabitants in the quiet enjoyment of 
their possessions up to the supposed line, as the 
Council advise. The Reason, My Lords, is, that I am 
concerned in the Minisink Patent, and so are my 
Brothers and Sisters, as Devisees of my Father, who 
held two shares in that Patent, Nor shall I take any 
steps without the advice of the Council. I beg your 
LordPP^ will be pleased to direct me on this head 

I am. My Lords, 

Your LordPP' most obedient 

& most humble servant 

James DeLancey 



20* 



292 ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 



Letter from Sir Thomas Robinson, Secretary of State, 
to Governor Belcher — in relation to the action of 
the New Jersy Legislature to resist the hostile at- 
tempts of the French on the Ohio. 

[From P. R. O. America and West Indies, Vol. 74.1 

Whitehall 5*? July 1754. 

Govr of New Jersey. 

Sir 

Your Letter of the 10"' of November last, acknowl- 
edging the Receij)t of the Earl of Holclernesse's of the 
28*^ of August last, having been laid before the King, 
I am to acquaint You, that His Majesty does not doubt, 
but that You w^ill have kej^t up the exact Correspond- 
ence, which You mentioned, with all the other British 
Colonies, and that You will consequently have had full 
Information of the late hostile Attempts of the French 
upon the River Ohio, under these Circumstances, You 
will certainly have called tegether, as You intended, 
the General Assembly of Your Province, and by laying 
before them the urgent Necessity of mutual Assistance, 
You will have engaged them to grant Supplies accord- 
ingly; But as You have not hitherto transmitted any 
Account, with regard to these Points, the King will 
expect to hear, that You have executed His Com- 
mands, and that His Subjects, under your Care, have 
taken the proper Steps for their own, and the general 
Security, In the meantime I am to enforce to You, by 
the Kings express Command, the Directions of the 
28*^ of August last, in the strongest manner, and to ac- 
quaint You that His Majesty expects your immediate 
Observance thereof. 

I am &c'' 

T: Robinson. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOYfiRNOR BELCHER. 293 



Resigitation of Joseph Warrell, Attorney -General of 
New-Jersey, and nominating Courtland Skinner 
as his Successor. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. 49.] 

Bellville July 5: 1754. 
To His Excellency The Gov": 

Hon^ S'; 

As I have all the Reason in the World to make my 
greatfull Acknovs^ledgments to your Excellency for all 
the Favours & Friendships I have continually recievd 
from your self & good Family & especially for your 
good Wishes & kind Promises to serve me on any proper 
occasion to make my declining Part of Life comfortable 
I now take the Liberty of begging your Excellency^ Con- 
currence of accepting my free Resignation of the Of- 
fice of Attorney General of this Province of New^ Jersey 
in favour of Courtland Skinner Esq'.' whose inexcep- 
tionable Character & regular Education under his 
Father in Law M! Kearney will no doubt make him 
meet with Your Excellency^ Approbation & be accept- 
able to the Province; & that the long Fatigue of up- 



' For notice of Mr. Skinuer see "Contributions to Tlie Early History of Perth Am- 
boy," p. 101. He was the oldest son of the Rev. William Skinner of Perth Amboy, and 
became eminent in his profession, for which he was educated in the office of David 
Ogden of New York. During the early stages of the struggle for Independence, he 
was strongly opposed to the encroachments of the British Ministry upon the liberties 
of the colonies, but eventually identified himself with the royal cause and left the 
the province in 17"6. He was immediately appointed Brigadier General with 
authority to raise five battaUons from among the disaffected in New Jersey. He 
succeeded in getting only about five hundred men. He finally took a house at 
Jamaica, L. I., and gathered his family again within it, and after the Revolution he 
took them with him to England. He received from the government compensation 
for his forfeited estate and the half pay of Brigadier General during his life. He died 
March 10th, 1799, aged 71, and his tombstone could be seen a few years since in St. 
Augustine's Church. Bristol. - Ed. 



294 A DMINISTRATIOJSr OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

wards of twenty Years Service without any just Im- 
putation of Failure in my Duty under the Disad- 
vantage of too small a Support from the Assembly (& 
no likely hood of its increasing) will plead for the 
reasonableness of my Request to Your Excellency for 
a Quietus at my Age I beg my sincerest Respects to 
Your Lady & all the Family & am Sir 

Your Excellency? most obhged 

& obed- humble Servf 

J. Warrell. 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Belcher — 
commentmg upon the action of the Legislature in 
not providing resources for the common defence 
against the French. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, No. 15, Ent. Book D., p. 429.] 

Whitehall July S^.*" 1754 

To Jonathan Belcher Esq^, Governor of New 

Jersey. 

Sir, 

It is a great Concern and surprize to Us to find by 
the Letters We have lately received from you, that the 
Assembly of New Jersey have been so regardless of 
their own Interest and Security and of His Majesty's 
Orders, as to have absolutely refused for the present 
either to raise any Supplies for the common Security 
and Defence of the Colonies against the Hostile En- 
croachments of a foreign Power, or to make provision 
for sending Commissioners to the meeting appointed 
to be held this Summer with the six Nations. We are 
at a loss to guess at the motives for so extraordinary a 
Conduct at this time, when the proceedings of the 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 295 

French make it the common Interest of all the Northern 
Colonies to unite and exert their most vigorous En- 
deavours for their mutual Defence; the sending Com- 
missioners to the meeting at Albany would have great- 
ly facilitated such a measure, and some plan of Opera- 
tion might probably have been struck out by them; but 
should it have failed of having that effect, yet the great 
Security and advantage which is derived to all the 
Northern Colonies from the Friendship and Alliance of 
these Indians, independent of Commercial Considera- 
tions, is so great as certainly makes it a common con- 
cern; and therefore the Argument of the Assembly, 
that they have no Commercial Connections with them, 
is frivolous and without foundation. The late Trans- 
actions of the French upon the Ohio in taking posses- 
sion of a Fort built there by His Majesty's Order will, 
we hope, awaken them to a proper sense of tlieir In- 
terest and situation, and convince them of the Neces- 
sity of immediately concurring in measures for the 
general Defence of the whole. 

The Instruction relative to the Revisal of the Laws 
is so evidently calculated for the Advantage and In- 
terest of the Colonys, that We are surprized to find the 
Assembly should have refused Obedience to it upon 
such trifling considerations; nothing can be more desir- 
able in a well regulated Community than a well di- 
gested Body of Laws, freed from perplexity and con- 
fusion, and wherever that is wanting, frequent mis 
takes, Controvorsys and Confusion will necessarily 
arise. 

It gives Us great Pleasure to find by your Letter of 
the 8^^ of August last, that the Province is in so peace- 
able a state with respect to the Riots and Tumults, by 
which it has of late Years been so greatly disturbed. 
We entirely agree with you, that if the Proprietors 
would avail themselves of this peaceable Disposition 
to bring on their Action of Trespass and Ejectment 



296 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

the Points, upon which these Disputes and Riots have 
arisen, might come to a final Determination: and We 
desire you will urge this Point to the Proprietors in 
the strongest manner you can, and that you will give 
proper directions to the King's Attorney General to 
prosecute such Rioters as have been apprehended, and 
lye under Bonds, that appearing to Us to be a very 
proper and necessary measure, if the Colony is in that 
state of Peace and tranquihty you describe it to be. 

It gives Us great Concern to find by your Letter of 
the 20"' of December, that any Riots and Outrages 
have been committed on account of the Dispute be- 
tween New York and New Jersey relative to the Line; 
We think it highly necessary for the preservation of 
the peace, that some temporary Line of Jurisdiction 
should be established by His Majesty's Authority, un- 
till the true Line of property can be ascertained; and 
We shall shortly take this matter into our Considera- 
tion and lay our Thoughts upon it before His Majesty; 
in the mean time We earnestly recommend to you, as 
We have akeady done to the Governor of New- York, 
to take every prudent and legal method to promote 
Peace and Quiet amongst His Majesty's Subjects. So 
We bid you heartily farewell and are 
Your very loving Friends and humble Servants 

Dunk Halifax 
James Oswald 
Andrew Stone. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 297 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor De Lancey — about the boundary betiveen New 
York and New Jersey. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. VI, p. 845.] 

To James Delancey Esq?" Lieut* Gover^ of 

New York. 
Sir (Extract.) 

^t ***** * rpjjQ papers you have sent us 
relative to the points in dispute between New York 
and the Neighbouring Provinces with respect to Boun- 
dary s, more especially with respect to the line of divi- 
sion between New York and New Jersey and the 
observations which you make in your letters upon 
these disputes will be of great service to us when that 
point comes under our consideration it appears to us in 
the general light in which We see this affair at the 
present that it will be for his Majesty's service and for 
the peace and interest of both Provinces that a tem- 
porary line of Jurisdiction should be established by his 
Majesty's authority until the true line of property can 
be ascertained and therefore we shall shortly take this 
matter into Our consideration and lay our thoughts 
fully upon it before his Majesty. In the mean we do 
earnestly recommend to you as we have also done to 
Governor of New Jersey to [take?] every legal and 
proper measure that can be thought of to preserve the 
publick peace in those parts and prevent that mischief 
we have reason to fear might be occasioned by this 
unhappy dispute ********* 
Your very loving friends and humble Servants 

Dunk Halifax 
James Oswald 
Andrew Stone 
Whitehall July 5 1754 



!J98 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge — 
requesting his assistance to secure the confir?na- 
tion of Courtland Skinner as Attorney -General of 
New Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. 48-49. | 

Elizabeth Town (N J) July 25: 1754 

To Richard Partridge Esq"" In London 

Brother Partridge 

I few days ago Mr Warrell, late Attorney General of 
this Province, wrote me a Letter of Resignation of 
that Office, of which the Inclosed is Copy, — And I 
have since appointed Courtland Skinner Esq!", to suc- 
ceed the said M[ Warrell, & this I write at the Be- 
quest of the said Mr Skinner, to desire your best 
Friendship & Assistance to him, in Case there shou'd 
be anything necessary to be done for his Confirmation 
at Home, he is a young Gentleman bred to the Law, 
& esteem'd of good Knowledge in his Profession, & 
any Service you may do him will be kindly taken by, 

Sir Your loving Brother 

J Belcher 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 299 



Affidavit of Thomas Dekay — relative to laying out a 
highivay through Minisink. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS. in Secretary of State's Office, Albany, Vol. LXXIX, p. 4.1 

City of New York — Thomas Decay EsqT one of 
his Majesties Justices of the Peace and Collonell of 
the Militia in Orange County being duly sworn de- 
poseth and saith that Heniy Simpson one of the Com- 
missioners of the High Way in Sussex County some 
time last Month being in Conversation with the depo- 
nent at the dwelling House of this Deponent Informed 
him that the Commissioners of the High Ways for the 
said County Sussex (being a County Lately Erected by 
the Government of Jersey) had Laid out a High Way 
throughout Minisinck and that he the said Henry 
should soon be obhged to go and View the Highway in 
order to make a return thereof. And this Deponent 
further saith that for some time before he left Home 
he was every Night Obliged to Naill up all his doors 
Excepting one at which he placed a guard for fear of 
being Surprised in his bed by the people of New Jersey 
who as this deponent is Informed have Sundry times 
declared they were resolved to take him prisoner and 
Carry him into New Jersey, And further this depo- 
nent saith not 

Thomas Dekay 

Sworn this twenty ninth of July 1754, Before me 

Jn° Chambers. 



NEA¥ JERSEY 

Colonial Dociinients 



Vol. VrTT-P»ait TT. 



NEW JERSEY 

COLONIAL DOCUMENTS. 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Sir Thomas Robin- 
son, Secretary of State, tvith a plan of general 
concert and mutual defense to be entered into by 
the Colonies in America. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. Plantations General, No. 39, Ent. Book K., p. 368.1 

To Sir Thomas Robinson One of His Majesty's 
Princii^al Secretaries of State. 

Whitehall Auciust 9"' 1754 
Sir 

In Obedience to His Majesty's Commands; signified 
to Us by your Letter of the l-t*'' of June last, We have 
prepared a Plan of General Concert to be entred into 
by His Majesty's several Colonies upon the Continent 
of North America, for their mutual and common De- 
fence, and to prevent or remove any Encroachments 
upon His Majesty's Dominions, which Plan We here- 
with inclose to you, together with Our Representation 
to His Majesty upon it, which We desire you will be 
pleased to lay before His Majesty. 
We are, Sir, 
Your most Obedient and most humble Servants, 
Dunk Halifax And: Stone 

Jam: Grenville Jam? Oswald 
Fran: Fane Rich^ Edgecumbe 

Tho^ Pelham 



\I)MIJsISTKATI<)\ OF UOVEyjXOK BELCHE1{. [1754 



To THE King's most Excellent Majesty, 

May it please your Majesty, 

In Obedience to your Majesty's Commands signified 
to Us by Sir Thomas Robinson, one of your Majesty's 
Principal Secretaries ot State, in his Letter dated the 
14"' ot June, last, We have prepared and herewith 
hunil)ly beg leave to lay before your Majesty, the 
Draught of a Plan or Project of General Concert to be 
entered into by your Majesty's several Colonies upon 
the Continent of North America, for their mutual and 
common Defence, and to prevent or remove any En- 
croachments ujion your Majesty's Dominions. 

This Plan consists of three distinct Parts or Propo- 
sitions, viZ: 

r* That a certain and permanent Method be estab- 
lished for maintaining such Forts as are already built 
upon their Frontiers, or may be further necessary to 
be built, for supporting proper Garrisons in such Forts, 
for defraying the expence of the usual and necessary 
Presents to the Indians, and other contingent Charges, 
and for establishing and subsisting Commissarys in 
such of the Forts as shall appear to be necessary for 
the management of Indian Services. 

2"! That upon any Attack or Invasion upon any of 
Your Majesty's Colonies, Provision be made for rais- 
ing such a Number of Troops over and above those 
upon the ordinary Establishment as; may be necessary 
to oppose and rejiel such Invasion oi- Attack. 

31 That the Command of all the Forts and Garrisons 
and of all Forces raised u])on Emergencies, and the 
sole Direction of Indian Affairs, be placed in the hands 
of some one single Person as Commander in Chief to 
be appointed by Your Majesty, who is to be author- 
ized to draw upon the Treasui-er or other proper officer 
of each Colony, for such Suras of Money as shall be 



1754] ADMINISTHATTON OF GOVERNOU BELCHER. 3 

necessary as well for the ordinary as extraordinary 
Service, according to the Quota settled for each Colony, 

The two first Points are proposed to be established 
by the mutual Consent and Agreement of the Colonies 
themselves to be finally ratified and confirmed by your 
Majesty, it appearing to Us that this Method might be 
liable to the least objection, and perhaps the speediest 
in point of Execution. 

With regard to the manner in which the Colonies 
ai-e to proceed in deliberating upon and settling such 
parts of it as depend upon them, the view and object 
of the Measure, and the general Plan of it is precisely 
stated to them, the Points upon which they are to de- 
liberate, and for which Provision is to be made on 
their part, the method of Proceeding in settling those 
points, and of finally ratifying and confirming them, 
when settled are ascertained, as the Preliminaries upon 
which they are to proceed. 

The Necessity of this Union and the Security and 
Advantage which will arise to the Colonies from it are 
so apparent, that, We hope no Difficulty will occur on 
their part: If however it should be found upon Trial, 
that this Measure should bo defeated by any of the 
Colonies either refusing or neglecting to enter into a 
Consideration of the Points referred to their Delibera- 
tion, or, after they are settled, by refusing to raise 
such Supplies as are proposed by this Plan to be the 
Fund for the Execution of it. We see no other Method 
that can be taken, but that of an Apphcation for an 
Interposition of the Authority of Parliament. 

The Execution of the third and last Proposition of 
this Plan, so far as regards the Power which the Com- 
mander in Chief will have over the Forts and Garrisons. 
and over all Troops raised in the Colonies, and in tlie 
management of Indian Services, depends singly upon 
your Majesty, who may, as We humbly Apprehend, 
legally and by virtue of your own Authority, invest 



4 ADMIXISTKATIOX OF fiOVEKXOl} BELCHEK. [1754 

any Person your Majesty shall think proper with such 
Power. 

In order however to the proper and effectual Exer- 
cise of this Power, it is proposed, that it should be 
agreed and settled by the Colonies, that he should be 
authorized under certain Regulations and Restrictions 
to draw upon the Treasurer or other proper Officer of 
each Colony, for such Sums as shall be settled to be 
paid by them, for the ordinary as well as the Extraor- 
dinary Services. 

We shall not take up your Majesty's Time in entring 
into any Arguments to prove the Propriety and Nec- 
essity of an Appointment of this kind, as We humbly 
apprehend it will evidently appear to your Majesty, 
that circumstanced as the Colonies are, divided into 
seperate and distinct Provinces, having little or no 
Connexion with, or Dependence upon each othei", 
neither this, nor any other Plan of Union could be 
effectual unless the Command of the Forts and Troops 
and the Management of Indian Affairs and Services 
should be put under one general Direction. 

These are the principal Observations which have 
occurred to Us, as necessary to be submitted to your 
Majesty upon this Plan, to which however your Ma- 
jesty will permit Us to add, that as it is proposed, that, 
in order to settle the several Points, the Commissioners 
nominated by the Colonies should meet at such time 
and place as your Majesty should appoint. We hum- 
bly submit it to your Majesty, whethei' it may not be 
adviseable, that the City of New York should be the 
place of meeting as being the most cential, and there- 
fore the most convenient in point of situation. 

Upon the whole however, We must observe to your 
Majesty that from the delay which must necessarily 
attend the Execution of any new Plan for an Union of 
the Colonies, it cannot be made to answer the purpose 
of a present Exigency: whatever Circumstances there- 



1754] .\I)>nXISTi;ATIOX (Jl- fiOVERXDi; P.ELfllEU. .") 

fore of Danger or Exigency may subsist at this time, 
such Danger must be guarded against, and such Exi- 
gency provided for, by an AppUcation of such means 
of Strength and Force, as can be procured in the most 
expeditious and most effectual manner under the di- 
rection of some proper Person to be appointed by your 
Majesty Commander in Chief of all your Majesty's 
Forts and Garrisons in North America, and of all 
Forces raised therein or sent thither, and hkewise 
Commissary General for Indian Affairs, which for the 
Eeasons We have already given, appears to Us to be 
absolutely necessary and expedient for your Majesty's 
Service. 
All which is most humbly submitted 

Dunk Halifax AndY Stone 

Jam^ Grenville Jam* Oswald 
Fran: Fane Rich'' Edgcumbe 

Thos* Pelham. 
Whitehall Aug'' 9*'' 175-1: 

The Draught of a Plan or Project for a General Con- 
cert to be ent'red into by His Majesty's several Colonies 
upon the Continent of North America for their mutual 
and common Defence, and to prevent or remove any 
Encroachments upon His Majesty's Dominions. 

It is proposed. That a circular Letter or Instruction 
be forthwith sent to the Governors of all the Colonies 
upon the Continent of North America, to the following- 
purport and Effect viz' 

To set forth the Danger, to which they are exposed 
from the Encroachments and Invasions of a foreign 
Power 

That the only effectual method of putting a stop to 
these Encroachments and Invasions and preventing 
the like for the future, will be forthwith to agree upon 
a Plan for maintaining and supporting a pi'oper Num- 
ber of Forts upon the Frontiers, and in such other 



6 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

Places as shall appear to be necessary for the general 
Security of the Colonies, For raising and subsisting 
regular Independent Companies for Garrisoning such 
Forts ; For making provision for defraymg the Ex- 
pences of Presents for the Indians, and for the other 
contingent Charges of that Service, and for putting- 
Indian Affairs under one general Direction, and for 
raising and maintaining Troops for the general Se- 
curity, Service and Defence of the whole upon any 
attack or Invasion. 

To state the urgent Necessity there is of an imme- 
diate Union of the several Colonies upon the Continent 
for this purpose. 

To direct the Governors forthwith to recommend 
these points to the serious Consideration of their re- 
spective Councils and Assemblies, and to propose to 
them to appoint proper Persons, (one for each Colony) 
subject to the Governors Approbation, to meet at such 
time and Place as His Majesty shall ai)poiiit, in order 
to treat and deliberate upon this Mcitter. 

That the Persons appointed to be the Commissionefs 
for this purpose, be instructed to consider in the first 
place of the Number of Forts necessary to be main- 
tained and supported, and what Number of regular 
Forces will be sufficent for Garrisoning such Forts, and 
to prepare an Estimate of the Annual Expence thereof. 
And of the Expence of Presents for Indians and other 
contingent Charges attending this Sei'vice. 

That Provision be likewise made in such Estimate 
for maintaining Commissaries to be establisli'd by His 
Majesty, in such Forts as shall be thought pro])er for 
tlie Regulation and Management of Indian Alfairs. 

That in order to Settle these Estimates with the 
greater exactness, the Commissioners be furnished 
with A.uth('nticat(Ml Account^ of the particular Expence 
which each Colony has been at for twenty Years last 
past for these Services, and in what manner the Money 
has been applied and disposed of. 



1754] ADMIN ISTRATIOX OF GOTEKXOR TiKLCHEK. 7 

That when the Estimates shall have been settled, 
the Commissioners do agree upon the Quantum of 
Money to be supplied by each Colony for defraying the 
Expence of this Service. 

That in settling such Quantum regard be had to the 
Number of Inhabitants, Trade, Wealth and Revenue 
of each Colony, for which purpose the Commissioners 
are to be furnished with very full and authenticated 
x\ccounts of these particulars, and of the state of each 
Colony respectively. 

That the said Commissioners do agree, that, in case 
of any Emergency by Invasion or otherwise, whereon 
it may be necessary to raise Troops for the general 
Defence of the whole, beyond the Number upon the 
ordinary Establishment, the Expence thereof shall be 
defrayed by each Colony, according to the Proportion 
each Colony is to bear of the ordinary established 
Charge for Forts &c-' 

Tliat the Govei'nors do signify to their respective 
Councils and Assemblies, that His Majesty wall ap- 
point a proper Person to be Commander in Chief of 
all His Majesty's Forts and Garrisons in the Colonies 
in North America, and of all Troops already raised 
thei-e or which may hereafter be raised or sent thither 
upon any Emergency, and also Commissary General for 
Indian Affairs, and that Provison be made in the Esti- 
mate for the ordinary established Service for a proper 
Salary for such Commander in Chief. 

That it be settled and agreed by the Commissioners at 
the General meeting that the said Commander in Chief, 
and Commissary for Indian Affairs be impowered, 
from time to time as occasion may require, to draw 
upon the Treasurer, Collectoi-, Receiver or other proper 
Officer a])pointed to receive the Taxes or Duties levy'd 
and raised in each Colony respectively, for such sums 
of Mone}^ as shall be necessary lor maintaining and 
sup[)ortiiig the several Forts and Gariisons, making 



8 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERKOR HELCHER. [1754 

Presents tu the Indians, and all other contingent 
Charges, according to the genei-al Estimate agreed 
upon for the ordinary establish'd Service, and in pro- 
portion to the Quantum settled for each Colony, taking- 
care to transmit annually to each Colony a pai"ticular 
Estimate, expressing the particular Service for which 
such Draughts are made. 

That in all Cases of Attack or Invasion, whereon it 
may be necessary to raise Troops for repelling * such 
Invasion or Attack beyond the Number on the ordinary 
Establishment, the Estimate of the Charge of such 
Troops, of extraordinary Presents to the Indians, and 
of the other Contingent Expences shaU be formed by 
the Governor, Council and Assembly of the Colony 
invaded or Attacked, and immediate notice thereof 
transmitted by the Governor of such Colony with a 
Copy of the Estimate so prepared as aforesaid, to the 
Governors, Councills and Assemblys of the other Colo- 
nies upon the Continent, and that it be settled and 
agreed by the Commissioners at the General meeting, 
that upon such Notice so sent, a Commissioner shall 
be forthwith nominated and appointed by each Colony 
respectively to meet at such Place as the Commander 
in Chief shall appoint, in order to take into Considera- 
tion and deliberate upon the afore mentioned Estimate 
so prepared by the Colony invaded, with full Power to 
alter the same in such manner as shall be tbought ex- 
pedient, and that when the same shall have been 
agreed upon by the Majority of the Commissioners 
who shall be there present, any five of which shall 
make a Quoi'um, the Commander in Chief shall be im- 
powered by them to draw upon the Treasurer or other 
proper Officer of eacii Colony for the respective quotas 
each Colony is to bear of such Exi)ence, in proportion 
to the Ordinary Estal>lislied Estimate for Forts &c'! 

That the Draughts of the Conunander in chief, as 
well for the ordinary as extraordinary Service, ho paid 



1754] ADMIXISTKATIO?^ OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 9 

by the Treasurer &c''- of each Colony respectively, out 
of any Money lying in his hands, in preference to all 
other Services whatever, and that in case it shall so 
happen, that the Treasurer of any Colony shall not 
have in his hands a sufficient Sum to answer such 
Draughts, he be impower'd by the general Agreement 
to borrow such a Sum as shall be necessary, for repay- 
ment of which, Provision is to be forthwith made by 
the Assembly. 

That it be signified, that the said Commander in Chief 
will be directed to transmit to each Colony once in 
every Year, an Account upon Oath of all his Disburse- 
ments for the publick Service, and that he will be 
obliged to account in His Majesty's Exchequer for all 
Money received and disposed of by him. 

That each Colony may appoint a Commissioner to 
view and inspect from time to time as they shall think 
proper, the state of the several Forts and Fortifications 
and of the Repan-s made thereon, and to make Report 
thereof to the Governor, (Jouncil and Assembly of such 
Colony respectively: and that each Colony may like- 
wise make Representations from time to time to the 
Commander in chief of the state of such Colony, and 
propose to him such measures as shall occur to be 
necessary for the general Good of the whole. 

That when the Conmiissioners have deliberated upon 
and settled the foregoing Points, they do transmit to 
His Majetys's Secretary of State and to the Commis- 
sioners for Trade and Plantations to be laid before His 
Majesty, attested Copies of all their Miautes and Pro- 
ceedings, and tliat they do prepai-e a Project or Draught 
of a general Convention upon the foregoing points and 
transmit Copies thereof to the respective Colonies, to 
be forthwith laid before the Governors, Councils and 
Assemblies, wdio ai-e to take the same into immediate 
Considerati(jn, and having made such Alterations 
therein or Additions thereto, as they shall think nee- 



10 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

essary, shall return them to the Commissioners within 
two Months, and when all the Copies shall have been 
returned, the Commissioners shall resume their Delib- 
erations; and having finally settled the whole, the 
Convention shall be fairly drawn up and signed by 
each Commissioner, and transmitted hither, in order 
to be laid before His Majesty for his Approbation. 

And in case it shall so happen, that any of the Colo- 
nies shall neglect to appoint a Commissioner to be 
present at the general meeting, or such Commissioner, 
when appointed, shall neglect or refuse to attend, such 
Neglect or Refusal shall not prevent the Commissioners 
present, (any seven of which to be a Quorum,) from 
proceeding upon the Consideration of the foregoing- 
Points, but that the Convention shall be proceeded 
upon and finally settled and agreed by a Majority of 
tlie Commissioners, and when so settled and ratified 
by His Majesty, shall be binding upon the whole. 

That the Governors l)e directed to signify to their 
respective Councils and Assemblies, that His Majesty 
does not intend to withdraw that part of the Expence 
which the Crown has been usually at, for the Security 
and Protection of the Colonies, but that he will be 
gTaciously pleased to continue to maintain and subsist 
such a Number of his Troops as shall appear to be 
necessary to be stationed in America, and does also 
consent, that whatever Sums of Money have been 
usually given by His Majesty for Indian Services, shall 
be deducted from the generall Estimate, as the share 
His Majesty is willing to bear of the ordinary Estab- 
lishment for this Service, and that upon any great 
Emergency they shall receive such Support from His 
Majesty, as shall be thought reasonable upon a due 
Consideration of the Nature of the Case, and of what 
the Circumstances and Conditions of the Colonies shall 
seem to require. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERXOR BELCHER. 11 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Schuyler — 
ill forming him that the Asseinbltj had voted an 
additional £'15,000 for the siqjport of his Regi- 
ment. 

Eliz. Town Aug' 23: 1754. 
Sir 

I have your several Letters of July 9 & of (5"' & 7"' 
piesent the first fiom Schenectady which I laid hefore 
the Assenihly the last Week when I urged them to 
raise an additional number of men which they con- 
sidered but did not come into — however they chearfuUy 
voted fifteen thousand Pounds as a further Provision 
for your Regiment untiil the Month of May next and 
the Commissioners will take ( ^are to be sending you 
the necessary Supplies. 

I shall endeavoui' the Shoes may be made wliereyou 
desire. 

I observe what yon say about your Adjutant, & 
when you make an Ace' of his Pay 1 will join with you 
in recommending him to the Assembly who I doubt 
not will allow that Chiu-ge and not suffer it to lie 
upon you. 

As it will be necessary for his Majesty's Service and 
Interest and to the advantage of you and your Regim' 
I shall be expecting to hear from you as often as 
you can. 

I am glad that you and your Regiment are in so good 
Health and Spirits in which may Uod keep you — pro- 
tect & bless you with Success against the Enemy— I 
am Sir 

Your Assured Fr' & Serv'. 

Col' Schuvler J Belcher 



12 ADMINISTRATION 01- GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
transmitting some public papers and informing 
them of the choice of a neiv Assembly, and his ex- 
pectations therefrom. 

I From P. E. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. 5:1) 

Elizabeth Town (N J) August 14: 175-4. 

To THE LOEDS OF TeADE 
My Lords 

My last to Your Lordships was on the 14: of May 
past, & covering the pubHck Papers of this Province, 
& to which I ask Your Lordship's Eeference. 

And I now liave the Honour to cover to Youi- Lord- 
ships, what i^assed in a Session of the general Assem- 
bly of this Province, from the 3'| to the 21*' of June, 
viz* the Laws past by the whole Legislature, — 

Transcripts of the Journals & Minutes of His Maj- 
esty*: Council, — 

And the printed Journals of the Assembly, — all 
which will fully inform your Lordships in the Affairs 
of this Government, to that Time, since which there 
has been a Choice of a new Assembly, & as I am to 
meet His Majesty? Council the 21: Instant, I shall take 
their Advice when It may be most for His Majesty? 
Service & Interest, to convene this New Assembly, & 
I shall then urge them to come into an^Union with the 
rest of the Colonies, for defending His Majesty? 
Honour & Interest in His Provinces on this Continent, 
& according to the best Judgement I can make, I 
think they are likely to fall into the practice of their 
Duty, in what I have mentioned, <k, I shall not fail to 
acquaint Your Lordships as soon as possible, of the 
result. 

I have lately reciev'd from Ml Secretary Pownail 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 13 

His Majesty? Eoyal Instruction in Consequence of a 
Petition of the Assembly here, for an Emission of 
60,000 Pounds in Paper Money, which I shall com- 
municate to the Assembly when they meet, altho' I 
believe they vdll not accept of any Emission on the 
Conditions mentioned in the said Instruction. 
I am with the greatest Respect My Lords 
Your Lordships Most obedient & Most humble 
Serv* J. Belcher. 



Affidavit of Samuel Finch, of Minisink — complaining 
of his having been taken prisoner by a tvarrant 
from a New Jersey Justice. 

[From N. Y. Col. MSS. in Secretary of State's Office, Albany, Vol. LXXIX, p. 14.] 

City of New York, S. Samuel Finch one of the 
Constables of the Precinct of Minisinch In the County 
of Orange being duly sworn deposeth and Saith that 
on Fryday the Sixteenth of the Instant month of 
August, While he was at work in his shops F . . . 
In the County of Orange about three quarters of a 
mile from the Line of Usher County and sixteen Miles 
from the Lower End of great Minisinch Island he was 
taken by Cornelius AVestfall, Solomon Cartwright, 
Petrus Westfall, Jacobus Westfall & Urian Westfall 
by virtue of a warrant from Richard Gardner a New 
Jersey Justice as they Informed this deponent and 
upon his refusal to Obey said Warrant was draggei from 
his shoji by force by the said Cornelius Westfall, Solo- 
mon Cartwright, Petrus Westfall Jacobus Westfall 
and Urian Westfall near a Quarter of a mile through 
bushes and Swamps by which means he was greatly 
bruised in Several parts of his body and verily believes 
that had he not been rescued by Jacobus * * * * 



14 ADMINISTHATIOX OK (iOVKRN'OK HELCHEK. [1754 

one of his Majesties Justices of the Peace In the County 
of Orange In the Province of New York that they 
would have Carried him Sussex Gaol In New Jersey 
unless he could have got security for his Appearance 
at the next Court of Sessions to be lield In the County 
of Sussex aforesaid In East New Jersey and further 
this deponent Saith not 

Samuel pinch. 
Sworn the twenty first Day of August 1754— 
Before me 

James Livingston 
Justice. 



Petition of the House of Representatives of New Jer- 
sey to tJie Kf)if/ — relation to the Bill for maldng 
amount of £70.()()0 i}i bills of credit. 

iFn.m P. R. i ), i;. T.. Xow Jersey. V..i. ;. H. TO. | 

To The Kings most Excellent Majesty. 

The Petition of the House of Representatives 
of the Colony of New Jersey in General 
Assembly met. 

Most Hvmhhi Sheireth 

That nothing Imt the pressing necessity of the times 
and the Impossibility of complying with Your Majesty's 
late Instructions to His Excellencv Your (Tovernor 
could have induced us to have given Your Majesty 
this additional trouble on tlie Subject of a Paper 
Currency. 

Sensible of the many blessings We enjoy under Your 
Majesty's benevolent reign, and determined to Act as be- 
come a gratefull Peo]de it is a matter of no small con- 
cern to be thus obliged to renew our application, but not 



1754] ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVEKiNOK HKI.CHEK. 15 

doubting the continuation of Your Majesty's paternal 
regard and calling to mind the gracious reception which 
the complaints of a needy People have always hitherto 
met with, We are encouraged humbly to lay before 
your Majesty, that the making the Bills of credit in- 
tended to be emitted, no lawfull tendei- would as We 
conceive entirely defeat their Intentions, the nature of 
their emission being such as require land or other real 
security of double and treble the value to be first given 
before they can be taken out of the respective Loan 
offices, and the ffreeholders of this Colony in general, 
quite unacquainted with the Natm-e of bank BiUs or 
any currency of that Kind would not We apprehend 
mortgage their Lands for a specie which it is uncertain 
that they can ever Part with. 

As it is chiefly the merchants of New^ Yoi'k and 
Philadelphia that give life to our trade, our mone}^ 
must consequently sometimes Pass through their 
hands, and would ( We conceive ) be very unlikely to 
give credit to a currency from Us, which is so uiuisu;il 
in the Colonies. Around us, and not obligatory on the 
Inhabitants to be mutually taken between man and 
man in our own government, for these and other rea- 
sons a Paper currency on the footing prescribed in 
Your Majesty's Instructions, We humbly conceive 
would not be practicable, and therefore have been ne- 
cessitated to have recourse to another expedient, which 
that your Majesty's royal Intentions might be as nearly 
complied with as possible, we have agreed upon the 
draught of the annexed bill for making current Sev- 
enty thousand pounds in Bills of credit upon the foot 
ing of those hei'etofore emitted in this Colony, saving 
only, that the whole Interest thereof is now Appro- 
priated to Your Majesty's use, Excepting the necessary 
charge Attending the Emission, and so much as will 
sink the sum of Thirteen thousand seven hundred, 
seventy one Pounds sixteen shillings and three Pence 



16 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

half Penny, now outstanding in this Colony in Bills of 
Credit, being Part of what were ihade current for 
Your Majesty's service in the late War, Ten thousand 
Pounds of the first money to be struck by the said 
Bill is immediately to be applied as Your Majesty shall 
please to direct for Assisting the neighboring Colonies 
in dispossessing the French from Your Majesty's 
Lands on the Ohio, which is afterwards to be sunk as 
the Interest Money from the remaining Sixty thous- 
and Pounds will come in, and when those two sums 
are sunk, there will annually arise a considerable sum 
of Interest money for Your Majesty's use, subject only 
to future appropriations for the defence of the fron- 
tiers of this and the Neighbouring Colonies. 

May it therefore Please Your Majesty in Considera- 
tion of the premises and to encourage a Spirit of In- 
dustry among us to enable the Inhabitants to go on 
with their Improvements and pay their taxes towards 
the necessary and lionorable support of the Govern- 
ment, that Your Majesty would be graciously pleased 
to signify Your royal Approbation of the Bill hereto 
annexed for making current the sum of Seventy thou- 
sand Pounds, and give leave to the (xovernor of this 
Colony to enact the same. 

October the 17''' 1754, 

Signed by order of the House of Representatives, 

Robert Lawrence, Speaker. 

A true Copy Examined & Compared with the or- 
iginal, by Robert Lawrence, Speaker. 



1754] ADMIKTISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHES. 17 



Circular letter to the Governors in America, from Sir 
Thos. Robinson, Secretary of State — urging en- 
listments in four new regiments to be raised. 

[From p. R. O. Am. & W. Indies, No. 74.] 

Whitehall, Octi" 26'!^ 1754. 

Circular to the Governors in North America. 

Sir, 

Having informed you, in my Letter of July 5'?, that 
the King had under His Royal Consideration the State 
of Affairs in North America: I am now to acquaint 
you, that amongst other measures, that are thought 
proper for the Defence of His Maj'^'^ just Rights, & 
Dominions, in those Parts, The King has not only been 
pleased to order Two Regiments of Foot, consisting of 
500, Men Each, besides Commissioned, & non Com- 
missioned Officers, commanded by Sir Peter Halkett, 
& CoP Dunbar, to repair to Virginia; & to be there 
augmented to the Number of 100., Each; but, likewise, 
to send Orders to Gov"" Shiiiey,' & Sir Wilham Pep- 
perel], to raise Two Regiments, whereof They' are 
respectively, appointed Colonels, of 1000. Men Each; 
And, also, to sign Commissions foi* a Number of 
Officers to serve in the said Two Regiments, & who 
will forthwith, repair to North America, for That 
purpose. 

Whereas there will be v^^aiiting a considerable Num- 
ber of Men to make up the designed Complements of 
the said Four Regiments; It is His Maj'-'^ Pleasure 
that you should be taking the previous Steps, towards 
conti'ibuting, as far as you can, to have about 3000. 
Men in Readiness to be enlisted; And It is His Maj':" 
Intention, That a General Officer, of Rank, & Capacity, 

' 111 Circular to Governor Shirley, the word "you" inserted instead.— Ed. 

2 



18 ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOK BELCHER. [1754 

to be appointed to Command in Chief all the King's 
Forces in N" America, a Deputy Quarter Master Gen- 
eral, & a Commissary of the Musters, shall set out, as 
soon as conveniently may be, in order to prepare Every 
Thing for the Arrival of the Forces abovementioned 
from Europe, & for the Raising of the Others in 
America. 

You will receive from that General, & the other 
Officers just mentioned, a full & exact Account of the 
Arms, Cloathing, & other Necessaries, to be sent, upon 
this important Occasion, as likewise of the Ordnance 
Stores, & of the Oiiicers, and Attendants, belonging 
thereto. All which being ordered for this Service, are 
such Proofs of His Maj^^'' Regard for the Security, & 
Welfare of His Subjects in those Parts, as cannot fail 
to excite You to exert yourself, & Those under Your 
Care, to take the most vigorous Steps to repel your 
common Danger; & to shew, That The King's Orders, 
which were sent you, last year, by the Earl of Holder- 
nesse, & were renewed to you, in my Letter of the 5'." 
July, have, at last, rouzed that Emulation, & Spirit, 
which Every Man owes, at this Time, to His Maj'^ 
the Publick, & Himself: The King will not, therefore, 
imagine. That Either you, or the Rest of His Gover- 
nors, will suffer the least Neglect or Delay, in the 
Performance of the Present Service, now strongly 
recommended to you: particularly, with regard to the 
following Points: viz? that you should carefully pro- 
vide a sufficient Quantity of fresh A'^ictuals, at the 
Expence of Your Government, to be ready for the 
Use of the Troops, at their Arrival. 

That you should likewise, furnish the Officers, who 
may have Occasion to go from Place to Place, with all 
the necessaries for Travelling by Land, in Case there 
are no Means of going by Sea. And 

That you should use your utmost Diligence, & 
Authority, in procuring an exact Observance of such 
Orders, as shall be issued, from Time to Time, by the 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 19 

Commander in Chief, for Quartering Troops, Impress- 
ing Carriages, & Providing all Necessaries for * * 
such Forces, as shall a^rrive, or be raised, within your 
Government. 

As the Articles abovementioned are of a Local & 
peculiar Nature, & arising entirely within Your Gov- 
ernment, It is almost needless for me to acquaint you, 
That His Maj'r will expect, That the Charge thereof 
be defrayed by His Subjects belonging to the same. 
But, with regard to such other Articles, whicli are of 
a more general Concern, It is the King's Pleasure, 
That the same sliould be supplied I>va Common Fund, 
to be established for the Benefit of all the Colonies. 
Collectively, in N° America; For which purpose, you 
wiU use your utmost Endeavours to induce the Assem- 
bly of your Province, to raise, forthwith, as large, a 
Sum, as can be afforded, as their Contribution to this 
Common Fund, to be employed, provisionally, for the 
general Service of North America, (particularly for 
paying the Charge of Levying the Troops to make up 
the Complements of the Regiments abovementioned,^ 
until such Time as a Plan of general Union of His 
Maj*?'* Northern Colonies, for their Common Defence, 
can be perfected. 

You will carefully confer, or correspond, as you 
shall have Opportunities, upon Every Thing, relative 
to the present Service, with the said General: Sir 
William PeppereU, & Goif Shirley,' or Either of 
Them; & as It is the King's Intention to give all 
proper Encouragement to such Persons, who shall 
engage to serve upon this Occasion, You will acquaint 
all such Persons, in the King's Name, that They will 
receive Arms & Cloathing from hence, & that They 
shall be sent back (If desired) to their respective Hab- 
itations, when the Service in America shall be over. 

' See note on page 17. 



20 ADMIXISTKATIOX OF GOVERNOR BIJXHER. [1754 

As the several Governors, in all The King's Pro- 
vinces, & Colonies, in N° America, will receive, by this 
Conveyance, a Letter to the same Effect, with This, 
whicli I now send you, They will be prepared, at the 
same Time, to obey His Maj*?'" Commands: — And I am 
to direct you. To correspond with all, or Either of 
Them, occasionally, as you shall find it expedient for 
the General Service. 

I am &c^ 

T. Robinson. 



Report of the Committee of the Assembly of New 
York on Border disturbances. 

(From N. Y. Col. MSS. in Secretary of State's Office, Albany, Vol. LXXIX, page 68.] 

Assembly Chamber the 29*.*' October 1754. 

M' Nicoll from the Committee to whom was Re- 
ferred the Memorial of sundry of the part owners & 
proprietors of the Patents Minisink and Wawayanda 
and the other Patents within this Province bounded on 
the Jersey Line in behalf of themselves & the other 
part owners and proprietors of the said Patents; Com- 
plaining of all the Hardships the people of this Prov- 
ince, living near the said Jersey line labour under from 
the Encroachments of the people of that Province; 
reported. 

That it ajjpeared to them that in the year 1(;8<», two 
Stations were fixed as the Terminating Points of the 
line of Division to be Run (tho the same as far as they 
can discover was never run) between the Provinces of 
New York and New Jersey, viz'. The one on the Noi-th- 
ward most Branch of Delaware River in 41'. 40"' north 
Latitude & the other on Hudsons River in 41° North 
Latitude which is due west from the lower Yonkers 
Mills. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION- OF GOVERNOR HELCHER. 21 

That the stations so fixed as aforesaid, were settled 
& adjusted hy the Surveyors of hoth Provinces, by 
virtue of the Authority of their Respective Govern- 
ments, and with the Consent & approbation of the Pro- 
prietors of East New Jersey. That as to the stations 
on Hudsons River it appears so certahily designated by 
names of places well Known as may easily be found 
As to that on Delaware River notwithstanding it ap- 
pears to have been fixed in 41^ 40'" North Latitude, on 
the most northwardly Branch of Delaware River; yet 
which is the most Northwardly Branch of that River 
or what part thereof is in the Latitude of 41"! 40"' they 
Cannot Certainly discover. However they find that 
Minisink (a place well known) and the Lands to the 
Northward thereof have been held under this Province 
by Patents granted by the Government thereof for 
near seventy years, and which are bounded south by 
New Jersey. 

That the Governments & Inhabitants of both Prov- 
inces esteemed the southward bounds of those lands, 
both at the time of their being granted, and for many 
years after to be Bound betw^een them 

That the Government and inferior Civil and Military 
officers of this Province in the Extention of their Juris- 
diction & Command and the Inhabitants of this prov- 
ince in the Extention of their possessions have ever 
since the settlement of the stations aforesaid in the 
Year 1686 advanced Southw^ard as far as and limited 
themselves as near as possible by the Bounds aforesaid. 

That the people of New Jersey for many yeai's after 
the Fixation of the said stations in the settlement of 
their Lands did not extend northward beyond the said 
bounds; nor did the Government of New Jersey or its 
inferior officers ever till of late years, pretend to Exer- 
cise Jurisdi("tion to the Northward of the said Bounds. 

That the people of New Jersey have from time to 
time, for a considerable time past Collected themselves 
in large Bodies and with violence have ousted divers 



23 ADMINISTEATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCHER, [1754 

of his Maj'* Subjects holding Lands under this Prov- 
ince to the Northward of the said Bounds and taken 
possession of their Lands; and do now forceably hold 
the same. 

That the Government of New Jersey hath within a 
few years past erected a new County Called Sussex a 
great part of which they have Extended many miles 
to the Northward of the Bounds aforesaid. 

That Justices of the peace & other officers both civil 
& Military have been and are from time to time ap- 
pointed in the said County ; and do from time to time 
Exercise Authority and Jurisdiction over the Persons 
& possessions of a great number of his Maj'' Subjects 
holding their Lands under and paying a submission to 
the Government of this Colony. 

That in Consequence of the Exercise of Such au- 
thority & Jurisdiction, His Majesties Justices of the 
Peace and other Subordinate ofhcers and Ministers in 
& for Orange County, have been repeatedly beaten, 
insulted, prevented in the Execution of their Respec- 
tive offices taken prisoners and Carried in to parts of 
New Jersey Remote from their Habitations and the 
opportunitie of Being Relieved and have been thrown 
into Goal and to Excessive Bail and Prosecuted by 
Indictment and that others of his Majestie's Subjects 
belonging to Orange County have also met with the 
same Treatment. 

That the people of New Jersey have also from time 
to time and as often as they are able possessed them- 
selves of the Vacant Lands in Orange County. 

That they frequently beset the Houses of His Maj" 
Subjects in Orange County by night and attempt to 
Seize and take Prisoners such of his Majesties Sub- 
jects; and are Encouraged to do this by the offer of 
Rewai-ds made to them, and are also actually kept in 
pay for that purpose by the proprietors of East New- 
Jersey. 

That the Comniissioneis of Highways for the said 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCHER. 23 

New County have laid out a Highway through Mini- 
sink aforesaid; which now by the abovementioned 
Conduct of the people of New Jersey is almost if not 
entirely I'educed to a Subjection to the Government of 
New Jersey. 

That the Publick officers of New Jersey assess and 
Raise Taxes upon the People dwelling to the North- 
ward of the said bounds, by which means many have 
been prevented from Paying their Proportion of the 
Taxes of Orange County for more than a year past, 
some of them have been obliged to desert their posses- 
sions & retire into the more Northwardly parts of 
Orange County; while a few, more Resolute than the 
rest are Reduced to the Necessity of Converting then- 
Dwellings into places of Defence, and go armed for 
fear of some sudden attack. That tho' the Committee 
could produce many Instances of this Kind they Chose 
to Confine themselves to one, which has happened 
very lately. Thomas Deckey Colonel of the Militia & 
a Justice of the Peace of Orange County, whose plan- 
tations are Claimed by New Jersey to be within the 
aforesaid New Jersey Northward of the said Bounds, 
tho he and those under whom he Claims have held 
them, and been settled upon them under New York 
nigh fifty years, finding himself Extremely vexed, dis- 
turbed, and disgusted, by the People of New Jersey 
went to James Alexander- Esq one of his Maj'*' Council 
for this province, and also for New Jersey Province 
and who is one of the proprietors of the Eastern Devi- 
sion of New Jersey of great Interest there and Es- 
teemed one of the most active persons among them to 
endeavor to come to some agreement with him in order 
that he might remain in quiet untill the line between 
New York and New Jersey should be finally settled. 
But the said Alexander absolutely Refused to consent 
to any thing of that kind unless the said Deckey would 
agree to hold his Lands under New Jersey, become a 
Jersey man and fight (as he Expressed it) for New 



24 ADMINISTEATIOK OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

Jersey against New York People: and told him at the 
same time if he would do so he should neither want 
money nor Commissions; and that if he would not do 
so he should soon he dispossed of his Plantations, This 
Col' Deckey refusing to Comply with, some short time 
after a number of armed men from New Jersey came to 
the House of the said Col. Decky, who observing them 
approach in such a manner, shut himself up in his 
house, on wiiich they drew up before his Door and 
some of them Cock'd their Guns and presented them 
towards the windows where Coll Dekey Stood sw^ear- 
ing they would shoot him thro' the Heart, that they 
would starve him out, or Burn the House over his head; 
and if Man, Woman or Child attempted to Escape they 
would shoot them down that they had strength enough 
to take all Goshen and w^ould do it in time. How- 
ever they then withdrew without further violence; and 
upon their departure, one of them said to Col. Dekey 
take Care of yourself for we will have you yet. 

A true Copy taken from the Journal of the House 
and Examined by me 

Abr" Lott jun. Clk. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir Thomas Robin- 
son, Secretary of State — unsatisfactory Proceed- 
ings of the Assembly, without manifesting a more 
dutiful disposition than the provinces oive. 

[From P. R. O. America & West Indies, Vol. 07. 1 

Elizabeth Town (N J) Nov! 5^", 1754. 
SiE Thomas Eobinson 

S' 

The 26: of the last Month, I reef the Honour, of your 
Letter of 5 : of July last, whei'cin you are pleas'd, to 
tell me you had laid my Letter, of 10: of Novr last, 
before the King: since which, I have in duty to His 



1754] ADMiNisTUATlox OF govp;hnok bkloheu. 25 

Majesty, kept up, an exact Correspondence, with all 
such, of His Majesty's Colonies, from whence, I have 
had any Informations, of the Hostilities of the French, 
upon the River Ohio; & have accordingly (once & 
again.) call'd together, the Assembly of this Province, 
& laid before them, the urgent Necessity, of their Aid, 
& Assistance. — & I some Months agoe, dissolv'd an 
Assembly, because they would not come, into proper 
Measures, for answering, His Majesty's just, & rea- 
sonable Expectations, upon the Present Emergency, & 
extraordinary Circumstances, of the King's Colonies, 
on this Continent; and as soon as the Time^wou'd 
allow, I order'd the Election, of a New Assembly, 
which I met the 3'' of the last Month, & then press'd 
upon them, the Danger, of His Majesty's Colonies, by 
the violent Incroachments, Depredations, & Murders, 
committed on them, by the French, with their Indians; 
and their Answer to me, with the whole Proceedings, 
of the Assembly, I have directed, the Secry: of this 
Province, to prepare, in the most Authentic Manner, 
& to brmg me, without Delay, when I shall, by the 
very first Opportunity, in obedience to His Majesty's 
Royal Order, of the 10: of April 1752, transmit them, 
to the Right Honourable, the Lords Commissionars, 
for Trade & Plantations, in Order to be laid before the 
King. When I think it will appear, that this Province, 
has done nothing, in present* Relief, of the Extraor- 
dinary Situation. & Circumstances of the Neighbour- 
ing Colonies: — And yet the Present Assembly, of this 
Province, seems to have shewn, a more dutifull dispo- 
sition to His Majesty's Royal Orders, than the last. — 
And I shaU be hoping, to recieve the King's deter- 
minate answer, to a Petition, this Assembly have sent, 
to his Majesty, in which they have proposed, the aiding, 
& assisting, the Neighbouring Colonies, on the Present 
Emergency: — upon which, when 1 have the Honour to 



20 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

recieve, the King's further Orders, I shall carry them, 
into Execution, with all Duty, & obedience, to the 
utmost of my Power, & am with great Respect. 
Honourable Sir, 
Your most obedient & Most humble Serv^, 

J. Belcher. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
relating to the action of the New Jersey Legisla- 
ture upon various subjects — the boundary difficul- 
ties with New York, etc. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. 54.] 

Eliza: Town (N J) Novf 6: 1T54 

To the Lords of Trade 
3Iy Lords 

The 26: of the last Month, i rec^ (by the Way of 
Virginia,) the Honour, of Your Lordship's Letter, of 
the 5 : of July last, & for which, I humbly thank your 
Lordships, as it confirms in me, my own Opinion, of 
the piesent state, & Situation, of the Affairs of this 
Province, & of the male Conduct, of the late Assem- 
bly, in such a critical Juncture, & youi- Lordship's 
Letter, will also serve, "for the better Guidance of my 
Administration. — & Your Lordship's will see, in the 
Coui'se, of all my Letters, to this Time, how much & 
how often, I have urg'd, upon the Assembly, to give a 
lielping hand, in Defence, of the Neighbouring Colo- 
nies, which are so barbarously treated, by the perfidi- 
ous Incroachments, Depredations, & Murders, com- 
mitted by the French, & their Indians, upon His 
Majesty* Lands, & upon His good Subjects; but after 
waiting, too unreasonably, on the late Assembly's 
Deliberations, they did but turn, a deaf Ear, & obliged 



1754] ADMI.VISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 27 

me, to dissolve theiti; & I immediately issued, the 
King's Writt, for the Choice, of a new Assembly, 
which I met. the 3'} of the last Month, &, by their 
Present (.*omplexion, they seem to be better disposs'd 
to His Majesty's Honour. & Interest, & to the Com- 
mon, 6c their own particular Safety, than the last. — 
the Secry : is preparing Authentic Copies, of all things, 
that past, in the last Session, of this new Assembly, & 
I hope, to have them ready, to transmit to Your Lord- 
ships, by a Ship, that will be going, from N York, in 
about three Weeks, from this Time, & when they get 
to Your Lordsliips Hands, you will make Your own 
Judgment, how nmch, what the Assembly has pro- 
pos'd, may tend, to His Majesty's Honour, & Interest, 
& to the common Defence, & Safety, of His Colonies, 
on this Continent, but on this head, I shall be more 
particular, when I send away, the Publick Papers. 

Your Lordships will be pleas'd, to allow me to say, 
that I have no Expectation, even from this new As- 
sembly of their falling in, with the King's Instruction, 
relative to the Revisal, of their Laws. 

His Majesty's Council, are to meet me. the 21: of 
this month, when I shall lay before them, what of 
Your Lordship's Letter, respec^ts the Prosecution, of all 
sucli Riotei's, as have been apprehended, A: are liow 
lying, undei- Bonds, & again take their Advice, in giv- 
ing proper Directions, to the Kings Attorney General, 
for the Prosecution of them. — & I am still, fully of 
Opinion, that these things, must go through, the whole 
( 'ourse of the Law, here, before there can be, a dernier 
resort, to His Majesty, upon them; I sliall therefore 
urge this Point, upon His Majesty's Council, (some of 
whom are large Pi-oprietors,) in the strongest manner. 
I can — 
My Lords 

As to the Dispute, that has been, so long depending, 
between the Government of N:York, & tliat of this 



28 ADMIXtSTRATJON OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

Province, relative to their Boundaries; I believe the 
Controversey, to be still as strong as ever, & altho' I 
have been for near twelve Months Past, nrging bhe 
Government of N: York, from time to time, to coin- 
cide with this Government upon a Temporary Line, of 
Jurisdiction, yet I am sorry to say, they seem to shew; 
no hearty Disposition, towards it:^ — & I am afraid 
Riots, & Outrages will still break out, on this Head, 
even to fatal Consequences, unless His Majesty, shall 
be pleas'd, to send. His Royal Orders, to the Govern- 
ment of N : York, in this Matter, for N : Jersey, seems 
fully inclin'd, to a Temporary Line, untill the true 
Line of Property, can be ascertained. 
I have the Honour, to be with great Respect, 
My Lords, Your Lordships, 

Most obedient, & Most humble Servant, 

J. Belcher 



Extract from the Minutes of the New York Assem- 
bly — referring to the Report of 29th of October. 

[From N. Y. L'ol. MSS. in Secretary State's office, Albany. Vol. LXXIX, p. 74. | 

Assembly Chamber. 
Die Veneris 9h. A. M. the 8^^ November, 1754. 

The Order of the Day being Read, for taking into 
Consideration the Report of the Committee on the 
Memorial of Sundry of the Parte wners & proprietors of 
the Patents of Minisink & Wawayanda and the other 
Patents within this l^rovince bounded on the Jersey 
Line in behalf of themselves and other Part owners 
& proprietors of the said Patents; Complaining of the 
Hardships the people of this province living near the 
said Jersey line labour under from the Encroachment 
of the People of that province" 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 29 

And the Said Report being Read; 

Ordered that Col' Beekman & Capt Winne wait 
upon his Honour the Lieu' Gov? and lay before him 
the said Report with the Evidences, Relating to the 
Outrages & Insults — Complained of and desire that he 
will be pleased to use the best means in his power for 
protecting his Majesties subjects of this Province & 
their Possessions from such insults & outrages and to 
Exercise the Jurisdiction of this province as far South- 
ward as the Bounds described in the said Report untill 
a final settlement can be made & his majesty shall be 
pleased to declare his pleasure with Respect to the 
future Jurisdiction of this Province. 

By order of the Genl Asssembly 

Abr** Lott jun Clk, 



Orders for settling the rank of tJie Officers of his 
Majestj/s forces, luken joined, or serving ivith 
the Provincial forces of North America. 

(Fi-om P. R. O. Ameriea \- West Indies. Vol. 74. | 

GEOPtGE R. 

itt'ltcrc JVSi some Doubts have arisen with regard to the 
Rank and Command, which Officers and Troops raised 
bv the Governors of Our Provinces in North America, 
should have, when joined, or serving together with 
Om- Independent Companies of Foot, doing Duty in 
Our said- Provinces. In order to fix the same, and to 
prevent for the future all Disputes on that Account, 
We are h^i-eby pleased to declare, that it is Our Will 
& Pleasure that all Troops serving by Commission 
signed by Us, or by Oin- General commanding in Chief 
in North America; shall take Rank before all Troops, 
which may serve by Commission from any of the 



30 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCnER. [1754 

Governors, Lieutenant or Deputy Governors, or Presi- 
dent, for the time being, of Our Provinces in North 
America: And it is Our farther Pleasure, that the 
General & Field Officers of the Provincial Troops, shall 
have no Rank with the General and Field Officers, 
w^ho serve by Commission from Us; But that all 
Captains, and other inferior Officers of Our Forces, 
who are, or may be employed, ia North America, are 
on all Detachments, Courts Martial, or other Duty 
wherein they may be joined with Officers, serving by 
Commission from the Governors. Lieutenant oi' Deputy 
Governors, or President foi' the time l)eiug <^f the said 
Provinces, to command & take Post of the said Provin- 
cial Officers of the like Rank, tho' the Commissions of 
the said Provincial ( )fficers of the like Rank, should 
be of elder Date. 

Given at Our Court at S? James's this 12':*' Day of 
November 1754. in the Twenty Eighth Year of Our 
Reign. 

By His Majesty's Command 

T: Robinson. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
transmitting papers relative to the boundary ques- 
tion between New Jerseij and New York. 

[From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey, Vol. 7, H. 55.' 

Right Hon''.'*' Lords Commiss''^ for Trade & 
Plant°^ 

Eliza: Town (N J) Nov^' 2:3:' 1754. 
My Lords 

I beg leave to inclose to Your Lordships, Copies of 
two Letters, which I send this day, to the LGov^ of 
N: York; the Propositions whereof, if complied with, 
on his part, I make no doubt, will preserve the Peace; 



1754] ADMI]SriSTRATIO>' OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 31 

but if not, it does not appear to me, how its possible, 
that the Peace can be preserv'd, between the two 
Provinces. 

I send herewith also to Your Lordships, a printed 
Copy, of the Memorial, of the Proprietors, of East 
Jersey, of Nov^ 20: 1753 with sundry Papers, annex'd 
from N? 1: to IT:, inclusive, containing a full Accf, of 
the Dispute, concerning the Bounds between N: York, 
& N: Jersey, which I beseech Your Lordships, to 
Consider. 

I send Your Lordships also, a Copy of some Remarks, 
made this Day, by the Council here, on those Papers; 
& on the Proceedings of N: York, since the Publishing- 
there of; by which Your Lordships will percieve, a 
further Proof, of the Reality of the Scheme; of N: 
York, against this Province, set forth in Page 50: of 
N? 16: 

If Gov^ De Lancey, will not agree to the Proposals, 
in my s*? Letter, I expect no less, than an actual War, 
by N: York, upon this Proviuce, pursuant to the Votes 
of Credit, by the Assembly of N : York, of the 8 : Inst? 
to their L:Ctov^ to make it, & I expect much Bloodshed, 
& Murders, in the carrying it on; & know of nothing, 
that can so soon, put an end to it, as an Order from 
His Majesty to LGovf De Lancey, to join in the meas- 
ures propos'd, to him, in my s"? Letters; or otherwise. 
His Majesty's Order to issue, that the Line run, & 
mark'd in 1719, (as set forth in Articles 12 & 43, of 
said Memorial) shall be Temporary Line, or that Your 
Lordships, will still recommend, the Act mention'd in 
Article 32, for the royal Assent, which Order i doubt 
not, will immediately restore Peace, & preserve it, till 
the Bounds between the two Provinces, be setled by 
His Majesty'*: Conjraission, to be obtaind, for that Pur- 
pose. — I have the Honour to be, with great Respect, 

My Lords, 

Your Lordships most obedient, & most humble 
Serv? J. Belcher. 



32 ADMIN"ISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 



Letters from the Governor of New Jersey to the Lieut. 
Oovernor of New York inclosed in the Papers. 

Sir 

On the twelfth day of Sept!" last, I wrote to Your 
Honour, since which I have receiv'd no Answer from 
you. 

I have a Letter before me, from the Lords Com- 
missioners, for Trade & Plantations, dated the 5 : Day 
of July last, Copy of one Paragraph whereof, I send 
you, in which their Lordships, recommend the Preser- 
vation of the Peace, of the Provinces of N: York, & 
N: Jersey, upon their present Disputes, concerning the 
Line, of Division: which I shall do my utmost, to 
comply with, consistent with my Duty, to His Maj- 
esty, & the Trust he has reposed in me, for the Pro- 
tection of the People, of this Pro\ince, committed to 
my Care. 

I am heartily sorry, that the Agreement of February 
2? last. No: >(, annexed to the Memorial of the Pro- 
prietors, of East Jersey, was not approvVl off, by you, 
'k the Council of N: York, as it was by me, & the 
Council of N: Jersey, as appears by N" !):, & that the 
Irruption of 17: May last, by People of N: York, shoud 
have been made, into tliis Province, in Breach of the 
said Agreement, a< appears by Nv IT:, Page 55:; it also 
gives me no small Concern, that the People of your 
Province, still continue, to decline their joining, in 
Endeavours, t(^ obtain His Majesty"; Commission, for 
determining that Dispute, as was requested by N? 15, 
which Delay, adds not a little, to the Presumption, 
that such a Scheme was projected, & is still carrying- 
on as is set forth, in Page 50:, of N? K!:. 

There seems so much Difference, in Opinion, con- 
cerning what shall be, the temporary Line, that I hav^e 
little Hopes, that the Peace of both Provinces, will be 



17o4J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 33 

presei'v'd, without entering into an Agreement, of the 
Nature of that of February 2: by which both Parties, 
were to remain in Quiet, under the Laws of their re- 
spective Provinces, & unless they do, also consent to 
join, in obtaining the Commission, as was propos'd, by 
N? 15, both which Matters, as they have been hereto- 
fore, so they are now ready, to be agreed to, on the 
Part of N: Jersey, which, with noli prosequis mutually 
to be granted, & actually carrying Commission, bona 
Fide, into Execution, seem to me, the most probable 
Means, of restoring & preserving the Peace, of both 
Provinces, especially, as the running a streight Line, 
from either of the disputed Places, on Hudsons River 
to any part of Delaware, w^ill affect, & greatly injure, 
many of the honest Purchasers, & Settlers, near the 
Line, & to run to the southward of Minisinck, on Del- 
aware, will include may hundreds of Families, in N : 
York Government, who have long held, & possess'd 
their Lands, under N: Jersey Title: I beg your Honour, 
will consider, of the above Matters, & give a speedy 
Answer to; — 

Sir, Your most humble Servant 

J Belcher 
Elza: Town (N J) Nov-; 23: 1754 
L: Gov^ De Lancey — 

A Paragraph of the Opinion & Advice of the Council 
of N: Jersey, to His Excellency Jonathan Belcher 
Esq^, Governour &c^ Nov': 23: 1754 

And whereas the pretences of N: York, as to the 
Bounds of N: Jersey, on Delaware River, are so various, 
• as by the N: York Attorneyes, to be pretended, to 
little Minisinck Island, above thirty miles below the 
Lattitude 41: 40:, discover'd in 171U; by the Council of 
N: York, to some Place, they know not where, but so 
that it includes Minisink, a Comitry of large Extent, 
wiiereof the greatest Part of it, in N: Jersey, which 
smallest Part, extends above 50 Miles, on Delaware, 
3 



34 A^MIirISTRA!tloN Of governor belcher. (^1754 

below the Lattitude 41: 40: discovered in 1719, & they 
have desired, the L: Gov': of N: York, to exercise the 
Jurisdiction, of N: York, as far southwards, as those 
Bounds; as by theii^ Votes, of Oct' 29:, & Nov!' 8: last, 
apj)ears. 

And whereas by the Memorial, ife other Publications, 
of the Council of Proprietors, of East N: Jersey, long 
since published, & particularly by N'?16:, it appears, 
to be averred, & not hitherto deny'd by N: York, that 
from the Lattitude 41:40: discover'd on Delaware, in 
1719, along a Line, to the Lattitude 41:, on tludsons 
River, by the Observations of 1719, all the Settlements, 
southwards of that Line, were originally made, under 
N: Jersey Titles; & so have been, ever held, with a 
very few Exceptions, tfe for 45 miles thereof, from 
Delaware, without any Exception, now but of two 
Plantations, whereof, one was taken from the N: 
Jersey Owner, by Force, *k the other was settled but 
last Year, & for other 16: miles, of the s'! Line, viz: a 
Breast of Cheesecocks Patent, without any Exception, 
which with 45 Miles, makes 01 of the 75 Miles, the 
whole Length of that Line, & shou'd the Desires of 
t)ie Assembly, of N: York, be put in Execution, many 
hmidreds, if not Thousands, of Families, of IS^: Jersey, 
may be subjected to N : York, to their utter Ruin. And 
whereas the Protection, of the People settled under 
the Jurisdiction of j^: Jersey, is by His Majesty's 
Commission, committed to Your ExceUency, & there 
we humbly concieve, (as far as in your Power is,) 
they ought to receive, that Protection, against the In- 
vasion, desired, as aforesaid And w^hereas, we have 
great Reason, to believe, as well from the above Pro- 
ceedmgs, of N: York, as from the Affidavit of Colonel 
Dekay, of Oct'; 24:, that one, or more Invasions, will 
speedily be upon the People, settled under, & yielding 
Obedience, to this Province, south westwards or the s;' 
Line, by the Observations of 1719; wherefoie we are 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 35 

humbly of Opinion, that Your Excellency, shoud ac- 
quaint Abraham Van Camp, Colonel of the Regiment 
of Militia, & Judge of the County of Sussex, with the 
Premises, with Orders to him, to acquaint all Officers, 
civil & Military, within the said County, with the 
same, & that they be diligent, in their several Duties, 
for the Protection of the People, settled under, & 
yielding Obedience, to N: Jersey, south westwards of 
the si Line, by the Observations of 1719; but at the 
same time, that they be carefuU, not to disquiet, any 
Persons settled under N: York, northeastwards of the 
said Line, & do yield Obedience, to N: York, tho' 
within this Province, untill further Orders. 

And we are further of Opinion, that your Excel- 
lency send, to the L: Gov'; of N: York, a Copy of Your 
Excellency Order, to Col° Van Cam, hoping that he 
will give the like Orders, to Orange County, & that 
thereby, the Peace of both Provinces, may be pre- 
serv'd, which in our Opinion, according to the Advice, 
of the Lords of Trade, to Your Excellency, is the most 
''prudent & Legal method, to preserve Peace & 
"Quiet, among His Majesty' Subjects." 

Eliza Town Nov!' 23: 1754 
Sr 

Above you have a Copy, of the Advice of the 
Council to me, relative to the Disputed Line, between 
this, & the Colony of N: York, & I desire, & order 
you, to conduct yourself agreeable, to the Matters 
therein recommended, for your Care & Management. — 

J. Belcher 

To Abraham Van Camp Esq' Col? of the Regiment 
for the County of Sussex — 
S^ 

Above you have, agreeable to my Letter herewith, 
to you Honour, a Copy of my Orders, & Directions to 
Col? Van Camp.— 

L Gov^ De Lancey J Belcher 



36 ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 



Bill making current £70,000 in Bills of Credit, trans- 
mitted to the Lords of Trade by Governor Belcher, 
November 26, 1754. 

[From r. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey. Vol. 7, H. 60.1 

AN ACT for making current Seventy Thous- 
and Pounds in Bills of Credit, for Assisting 
his Majesty and the Neighbouring Colonies 
to dispossess the French from His Majestys 
Lands on or near the River Ohio, and for 
Providing a Fund for the Defence of the 
Frontiers of this and the Neighbouring 
Colonies hereafter, and for Sinking the 
Sum of Thirteen Thousand Seven Hundred 
& Seventy one pounds Sixteen Shillings & 
three pence half penny, yet Outstanding in 
Bills of Credit made Current for his Majes- 
tys Service in the Late War. 

Whereas the Currency of the Bills of Credit emitted 
on Loan in this Colony is now expired According to the 
Tenor of the Respective Acts which gave them Emis- 
sion, By which means, and the Ex})ortation of Gold 
and Silver from Amongst us to Great Britain and Else 
where, the Inhabitants of this Colony are Reduced to 
Great extremities for want of a Sufficient Currency to 
Carry on the Necessary Trade with their Mother 
Country, to honestly discharge their Contracts, To 
Improve their Lands, or to Answer Even the Common 
Necessaries of Life, and it being expedient in this time 
of Common Danger, from the encroachments of a 
Powerful Enemy, That a fund be provided to assist 
his Majesty and the Neighbouring Colonies in Remov- 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 37 

ing the French from his Majestys Dominions. For 
these Reasons, and for Sinking Such of the Bills of 
Credit yet outstanding in this Colony as were made for 
his Majesty's Service in the Late War, against France 
and Spain, We the House of Representatives do pray 
that it may he Enacted. 

And Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and 
General Assembly and it is hereby enacted by the 
Authority of the Same, that Bills of Credit to the 
Value of Seventy Tliousand pounds Current money of 
America, According to an Act of Parliament made in 
the Sixth year of the Reign of the late Queen Anne, 
Entitled an Act for Ascertaining tlie Rates of foraign 
Coins in her Majestys Plantations in America Shall be 
printed made and prepared as folio vveth viz* one 
Thousand Seven Hundred and fifty Bills each of the 
Value of Six pounds, or Seventeen ounces ten penny 
weight of Silver, Three Thousand five Hundred Bills 
each of the Value of Three pounds or Eight ounces fif- 
teen penny weight of Silver, Seven Thousand Bills each 
of theValue of one pound Ten Shillings, or four Ounces 
Seven penny weight Twelve Grains of Silver, fourteen 
Thousand Bills each of the Value of fifteen Shilling" • 
or two Ounces three penny weight eighteen grains of 
Silver, Twenty one Thousand Bills each of the Value 
of Twelve Shillings, or one Ounce fifteen penny weight 
of Silver Twenty one Thousand Bills each of the Value 
of Six Shillings or Seventeen penny weight Twelve 
Granes of Silver, Twenty eight Thousand Bills each of 
the Value of Three Shillings or Eight penny weight 
Eighteen Grains of Silver Thirty five Thousand Bills 
each of the Value of one Shilling & Six-pence, or four 
penny weight nine Grains of Silver and Forty five 
Thoustiud five hundred Bills each of the Value of one 
ShilUng or two penny weight Twenty-two Grains of 
Silver. 

And Be it Further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 



38 ADMIXISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

said that the Whole Number of the Bills aforesaid 
shall be printed on good paper and Impressed with the 
Arms of Great Britain on the Left Side near the bot- 
tom thereof, and near the Top and Bottom the Value 
of Each Bill so hereby made Current shall be Expressed 
in Proclamation, and the said Bills Shall be Indented 
and Contain the words following viz* This Bill by Law 

Shall Pass Current in New Jersey for Ounces 

Penny weight and Grains of Silver. 

March 25. And for preventing any fraudulent prac- 
tice during the Printing of the said Bills the printer 
thereof, Shall before his printing them have a Copy of 
the following Oath or Affirmation delivered to him by 
the Inspectors herein after appointed. — "I, A: B do 
Declare that from the Time the Letters were Set and 
fit to be put in the Press for the Printing the Bills of 
Credit now be me dehvered to you untill the Bills were 
printed, and the Letters unset and put into the Boxes 
Again, I went at no Time out of the Eoom in which 
the said Letters were without Locking them up so as 
they could not be come at, Without Violence, a false 
Key, or Other Art then Unknown to me. and there- 
fore to the best of my Knowledge no Copies were 
Printed of but in my Presence and that aU the Blotters 
and Other Papers whatsoever Printed by the said 
Letters whilst set for Printing the said Bills to the 
best of my Knowledge are here delivered to you to- 
gether with the Stamps for the Indents & Arms and 
that I have not at any time been privy or Consenting 
to any or more Bills being Struck than I now Deliver 
to you, and that in all things Relating to tiiis Affair I 
have and Shall Demean my self according to the true 
intent and meaning of the said Act, to the best of my 
knowledge and understanding. 

And after the said Printer Shall Print the said Bills 
he shall take the SauKi Oath or Affirmation if one of 
the People called Quakers, that he may Govern him- 



1754] ADMIlSriSTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 39 

self Accordingly. Provided always that if any Unfor- 
seen Accident has happened, he may have the Liberty 
of making an Exception thereof in his Oath he Declar- 
ing f ally how it was, and he is hereby Directed to Con- 
fine the Bills so to be made not to exceed two Inches in 
Breadth and four Inches in Length so that there may 
be no Necessity of folding to wear them out. 

And Be it Further Enacted that the said Sura of 
Seventy Thousand Pounds in Bills of Credit as afore- 
said when Printed, Shall be by the Printer thereof 
delivered together with the Stamps for the Indents 
and Arms, unto John Johnston, John Stevens, 
Samuel Smith, and Hugh Hartshorne Esq'* or any 
three of them to be Numberd Signed and Indented as 
fast as they are printed of, and the said Signers as 
Soon as they shall have finished the Sum of Ten 
Thousand Pounds, shall pay the Same to the Treas- 
urers of this Colony or Either of them to be apphed as 
his Majesty Shall Direct for the Dispossessing the 
French from his Lands on or nigh the River Ohio, and 
for Keeping Possession of the same; and the said 
Treasurers or Either of tliem are hereby Impower'd to 
pay the Same Ten Thousand Pounds (or such part 
thereof as Shall be drawn for) to any Person or Per- 
sons Whatsoever, who Sliall Produce to them or 
Either of them his Majestys Order under his Royal 
Sign Manual, and the Receipt of Such Person so Pro- 
ducing the said Order, with the said Order Shall be 
Sufiicient to Discharge them the said Treasurers or 
Either of them their or Either of their Heirs Execu- 
tors, Administrators or Assigns for the Sum so paid, 
and the said Treasurers Respectively are hereby 
Directed and Commanded not to pay the said Ten 
Thousand Pounds nor any part thereof out of the 
Treasury witliout such Order under his Majesty's said 
Sign Manual togetlier with a Receipt for the said Sum 
or so much thereof as shaU be received being Dehvered 
to him or them, 



40 ADMINISTRATION' OF GOYEKNOE BELCHER. [1754 

And Be it further Enacted by the Autliority Afore- 
said that in Case it Should so happen that the said John 
Johnston or John Stevens should happen to die refuse 
or Otherwise be disabled before the Bills of Credit Afore- 
said Should be Signed that then and in that Case John 
Smith Esq-" is hereby Appointed a Signer in lieu of 
Such Person so dying refusing or being Disabled and 
if any two of the said three Signers should refuse die 
or Otherwise be Disabled, then Thomas Barton Esq' is 
hereby Appointed a Signer of the said Bills of Credit. 
And in case of the death refusal or Other Disability of 
Samuel Smith or Hugh Hartshorne then Abraham 
Houlings Esq- is hereby Appointed a Signer in the 
place or Stead of the said Person so dying refusing or 
being disabled. And if any two of the three last 
named Signers should refuse die or Otherwise be Dis- 
abled then Joseph HolUngshead Esqr is hereby Ap- 
pointed a Signer. Which Signers so Appointed in Case 
of the Refusal or Disabilities before mentioned hap- 
pening Shall be and are hereby vested with all the 
powers and Authorities which by this Act are Vested 
in the first named Signers. 

And Be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that the Printer on delivery of the said Bills to 
the Signers when printed Shall take the Oath (or 
Affirmation if a Quaker) herein before directed in the 
presence of the said Signers or any two of them And 
Before any of the said Signers Shall begin to Sign any 
of the Said Bills, they Shall take an Oath (or Affirma- 
tion if Quakers) before^ any one or more of the In- 
spectors hereafter Mentioned (to Administer which 
Oath or Affirmation the said Inspectors are hereby Im- 
powered) for the true Signing of the said Bills of CJredit, 
and that they will Sign no more than by this Act is 
directed; and that to the best of their Skill they will 
perform what by this Act they are enjoined as their 
duty. 



1754] ADMINISTRATIOJf OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 41 

And Be it further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that so soon as the said Bills to the Value of Sixty 
Thousand Pounds (being the Remaining Sum after the 
Ten Thousand Pounds is Applied as aforesaid) are 
Signed the said Signers shall deliver to the Commis- 
sioners of the County of Bergen for the use of the said 
County the Sum of Three Thousand Nine Hundred 
and fifty four pounds. 

To the Commissioners of the County of Essex for 
the use of the said County the Sum of four Thousand 
Six Hundred and Seventy two Pounds. 

To the Commissioners of the County of Middlesex 
for the use of the said County the sum of Two Thous- 
and four Hundred and thirty Eight Pounds. 

To the Commissioners of the County of Monmouth, 
for the use of the said County the Sum of Seven 
Thousand Eight Hundred & Eighty Six pounds. 

To the Commissioners of the County of Somerset 
for the use of the said County the Sum of Six Thous- 
and Seven Hundred Pounds. 

To the Commissioners of the County of Sussex for 
the use of the said County the Sum of Eleven Hundred 
and Twelve pounds. 

To the Commissioners of the County of Morris for 
the use of the said County the Sum of Two Thousand 
two hundred and twenty two Pounds. 

To the Commissioners of the County of Hunterdon 
for the use of the said County the Sum of Eight 
Thousand five hundred & Six pounds. 

To the Commissioners of the County of BurHngton 
for the use of the said County the Sum of Seven 
Thousand and five hundred pounds. 

To the Commissioners of the Count}'' of Gloucester 
for the use of the said County the Sum of four Thous- 
and Six hundred and ninety pounds. 

To the Commissioners of the County of Salem for 
the use of the said County the Sum of four Thousand 
One hundi'ed and ninety-two pounds. 



42 ADMIXISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

To the Commissioners of the County of Cumberland 
for the use of said County the Sum of two Tliousand 
one Hundred and Twenty Six pounds. 

To the Commissioners of the County of Cape May 
for the use of the said County the Sum of One Thous- 
and two pounds. 

For which respective sums, the Commissioners of 
the respective Loan Offices to whom the said Bills 
Shall be Delivered shall give their receipts to the said 
Signers, which receipts to them their Heirs Executors 
and Administrators shall be Sufficient Discharges for 
the Bills so delivered. 

And Be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that as soon as may be Conveniently After this 
Act takes place the Secretary of this Colony is hereby 
required to notify the same to some three Justices of 
the Peace of each County in this Colony of which one 
of the said Justices in each of the Countys shall be of 
the Quorum who on the receipt of the said Notice are 
hereb}^ required forthwith to Issue their precepts to 
the Constables of the respective Townships or Pre- 
cincts in each County Commanding them to give no 
tice to the Other Justices in each of the said Counties, 
and to Summons all the ffreeholders Chosen for that 
year in the said Townships & Districts, to meet to- 
gether at some day and place in the said precept to be 
Appointed in the said County not exceeding twelve 
days, nor to be Less than eight, then and there by the 
Majority of the Voices of the said ffreeholders in each 
respective County in concurrence with tJiree of the said 
Justices Quorum Unus to Chuse and they are hereby 
commanded so to meet and Chuse Two Substantial 
Freeholders to be Loan Officers in every County of 
this province who are to have the management thereof 
in the County for which they are respectively named 
& Appointed; and After they have taken their Quali- 
fications According to the Dii-ections of this Act, they 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 43 

shall be and are hereby declared to be Bodies Politick 
and Corporate in Succession, in Fact & in Law, that 
is to say 

The Commissioners chosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Bergen shall be one Body Politick and Cor- 
porate by the Name of the Commissioners of the Loan 
Office of the County of Bergen. 

The Commissioners Chosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Essex Shall be another Body Politick and 
Corporate, by the name of the Commissioners of the 
Loan Office of the County of Essex. 

The Commissioners Chosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Middlesex shall be another Body Politick 
& Corporate, by the name of the Commissioners of the 
Loan Office of the County of Middlesex. 

The Commissioners chosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Somerset shall be Another Body Politick & 
Corporate, by the name of the Commissioners of the 
Loan Office of the County of Somerset. 

The Commissioners Chossn as aforesaid for the 
County of Monmouth Shall be another Body Politick 
& Corporate, by the name of the Commissioners of the 
Loan Office of the County of Monmouth. 

The Commissioners chosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Sussex Shall be another Body Politick and 
Corporate, by the name of the Commissioners of the 
Loan Office of tlie County of Sussex. 

The Commissioners Chosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Morris Shall be another Body Pohtick and 
Corporate, by the name of the Commissioners of the 
Loan Office of the County of Mori'is. 

The Commissioners Ciiosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Hunterdon Siiall be Another Body Pohtick 
& Corporate by the name of the Commissioners of the 
Loan Office of the County of Hunterdon. 

The Commissioners Chosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Burlington shall be another Body Politick 



44 ADMINISTEATION OF GOVRBNOH BELCHER. [1754 

and Corporate, by the name of the Commissioners of 
Loan Office of the County of Burlington. 

The Commissioners Chosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Gloucester shall be another Body Politick 
and Corporate by the name of the Commissioners of 
the Loan Office of the County of Gloucester. 

The Commissioners Chosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Salem shall be another Body Politick and 
Corporate by the name of tlie Commissioners of the 
Loan Office of the County of Salem. 

The Commissioners Cliosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Cumberland shall be another Body Politick 
& Corporate, by the name of the Commissioners of the 
Loan Office of the County of Cumberland. 

The Commissioners Chosen as aforesaid for the 
County of Cape May Shall be another Body PoHtick 
and Corpoi'ate, by the Name of the Commissioners of 
the Loan Office of the County of Cape May. 

With full power to every of the said Bodies PoUtick 
to use a Commom Seal, & by & in the Name thereof 
as aforesaid to Grant Receipts receive Mortgages, and 
Again to Grant the Same away, to Sue and be Sued, 
and Generally with all Such Powers as are necessary 
to be used for the due Execution of the Trust reposed 
in the Said Commissioners by this Act. 

And Be it further Enacted l)y the Authority afore- 
said that before the said Connnissioners of the respec- 
tive Loan offices that shall be so chosen within this 
province or Either of them, do enter upon their said 
office of Commissioners, every of them shall take the 
following oath or affirmation if a Quaker before some 
one Magistrate of the i-espective County * " * ' ' L 
'' A B -^vill According to the best of ray Skill & Knowl- 
' ^ edge, faithfully Impartially & truly demean myself 
"in discharge of the Trust committed to me, as one of 
"the Commissioners of the Loan office for the County 
" According to the purport true Intent 



1754] ADMIKTSTKATION OF GOVERXOR BELCHER. 45 

"& meaning of this Act of General Assembly, so as 
"the Public may not be Prejudiced by my Consent 
" Privity or Procurement.'' 

And Be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that 
the Magistrate who shall Administer to the Commis- 
sioners aforesaid the Oath or Affirmation herein di- 
rected by them to be taken Shall giv^e to them respec- 
tively a Certificate under his hand that the said oath 
or Affirmation has by him been Administered to & 
taken by them, and the Clerk of the County shall 
Likewise give them respectively a certificate that such 
Commissioner has given Bond \vith Security Approved 
as by this Act is hereafter directed, therein mention- 
ing the date sum &. names of the Securities, and that 
the same is filed with him, which Certificate together 
with the receipt of the said Commissioners Shall Suffi- 
ciently Warrant tlie Signers aforesaid to Deliver to 
each of them the said Commissioners their propor- 
tional parts of their Quotas Assigned to the Several 
Counties for which they arc Respectively named. 

And Be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that 
each of the said Commissioners shall give Bond to his 
majesty his Heirs and Successors with Such Sufficient 
Secmity as shall be Approved of by any three or more 
of the Justices of the Peace of the County Quorum 
Unus, together with three of the Freeholders of the 
Same County Elected by Virtue of an Act Entitled an 
Act for Raising of money for Building & repairing of 
Goals & Court Houses in Each respective County of 
this province in the full Sum by this Act Committed to 
his Charge with Condition for the true and faithful 
performance of his office & duty & that without favour 
Malice or Partiality which Bond being taken & A])- 
proved of as Aforesaid Shall be Lodged with the 
County Clerk, and in case of the forfeiture thereof 
Shall by the Justices and ff reeholders of the County 
be put in Suit & on recovery thereof the monies re- 



46 AD.MIXISTHATIOX OF OOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

covered shall be Applied to the use of the County in 
Consideration of the Counties making good the Defi- 
ciency of the Borrowers in the same as in this Act is 
hereafter derected. 

And Be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that 
when the said Commissioners respectively have Quali- 
fied themselves as by this Act is directed, and received 
the said Bills of Credit Such Bills of Credit shall be let 
out to such as Shall Apply for the Same & can and 
will give Security to the said Commissioners by Mort- 
gage on Lands Lots Houses or other Valuable Im- 
provements Lying in the Same County they the said 
Commissioners first giving Publick Notice (as in other 
Cases directed by this Act for Notices) by Advertize- 
ments set up that on a Certain day at least Ten days 
after Setting them up and at a Certain place therein 
Mentioned, they will be ready to receive Borrowers 
QuaUfied According to the direction of this Act, and as 
on that day Borrowers do Offer their Names and Sums 
they Demand Shall be Orderly Entered down in the 
minute Book of proceedings and every one Shall be 
Served According to the Priority of their demand if 
reasonable objection be not Against the Title and 
Value of the Lands offered to be Mortgaged or some 
other Sufficient reason, which shall be entered Also in 
the minute Book of Proceedings. 

Provided Always that if upon the first day so many 
Borrowers do offer as to demand a greater sum than 
the whole Sum in that County to be Lent out, Then 
and in that Case every Such Borrower Shall be Abated 
of the Sum he Demanded proportionally. 

And Be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, that 
the said Commissioners respectively before they Ac- 
cept of any Land Lots Houses or Other Improvements 
m Mortgage for any of the said Bills; they Shall first 
view what is so offered in Mortgage or make due En- 
quiry into the Value thereof, and then Shall Examine 



1754] A.DMINISTIIAT10N OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 47 

the Titles thereto by perusing the Deeds Patents Sur- 
veys & Other Writings & Conveyances by which the 
Same is held, And the said Commissioners respectively 
are hereby Also impowered & required to Administer 
to all persons applying for any of the said Bills as 
Aforesaid, the following Oath or Affirmation if 
Quakers to wit, 

"I A: B. am bonafide Seized of the Lands Tene- 
" ments & Hereditaments by me proposed to be Mort- 
" gaged in my own right & to my own Use and the 
"Same were not Alienated in trust to me for the use 
"of any Person nor with intent to raise any Sum or 
"Sums of money upon the Same by way of Loan or 
"other wise for the use of any other Person or Per- 
" sons whatsoever and the Premises are free and Clear 
"from any Other or formei- Gift Grant Sale Mortgage 
" Judgment Recognizance or other Incumbrance what- 
"soever to my Knowledge except the rent Issuing 
"thereout to our Lord the King & the Proprietors 
" Quit rent if any there be." 

And Be it Enacted hy the Authority Aforesaid that 
the Commissioners for each of the said Counties re- 
spectively upon finding Borrowers Qualified and they 
the said Commissioners being Satisfied as aforesaid are 
hereby required and by Virtue of this Act have full 
power to let out the Value of the said Bills to them 
Delivered as Aforesaid at the Interest of five per Cent 
per Annum for the Term of Sixteen years from the 
date of the said Bills, in Sums not exceeding One Hun- 
dred Pounds to any one Person, and not under Twelve 
pounds Ten shillings to any one Person, The said 
Commisssioners for each of the said Counties respec- 
tively taking Security for the Same by way of Mort- 
gage as aforesaid in at Least double the Value in Lands 
Tenements & Hereditaments Appearing clear of In- 
cumbrances except Pents as aforesaid and in at Least 
thi'ee times the Value in Houses within the said re- 



48 ADMINIStRATIOJSf OF GOVERKOE BELCHER. [1754 

spective Comities as aforesaid and administering an 
Oath or Affirmation to the borrower as aforesaid, 
which Mortgage when Executed before two or more 
Lawfull Witnesses, and the Substance thereof Minuted 
in a Book to be by the the said Commissioners pro- 
vided & Kept for that purpose in each respective 
County at the Charge of the Mortgager, the Charge 
not exceeding Eight Shillings, an Attested Copy of 
which Deed so minuted & Certified under the hands of 
the said Commissioners Shall and is hereby declared 
to be matter of Record & shall be good Evidence of 
the said Mortgage any Law usage or Custom to the 
Contrary Notwithstanding. 

And Be it further Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said that the Several Sums of money Lent out in 
pursuance of this Act Shall be paid in Again in 
manner following, (that is to Say) each Borrower Shall 
Annually and Every year After the Time of his Bor- 
rowing on the Twenty fifth day of march in each year 
pay into the Loan office one Sixteenth part of the Sum 
borrowed, together with the Interest of so much of 
the Principal as was the year past remaining in the 
Borrowers Hands Computed at the Rate of five pounds 
per Centum per Annum untill the whole Sum bor- 
rowed with the Interest Annually Computed at the 
rate aforesaid Shall be paid in. Provided always that 
it shall and may be Lawfull for any Such Borrower at 
any of the Annual Times of payment Aforesaid, to 
pay in the whole Sum borrowed if such Borrower shall 
so think fit in the Same manner as they used to do 
by Virtue of former Acts of this Colony, and the 
money so paid in Shall again be Let out by the said 
Loan Officers to any Person or Persons who may in- 
cline to borrow the Same at the Interest aforesaid, so 
that such Borrower or Borrowers shall pay in Such 
equal and proportional parts of the Sum borrowed, 
that the whole Sum so again Let out may be repaid 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 49 

with Interest Computed as Aforesaid at the Expira- 
tion of- the Time Limitted for the Currency of the said 
Bills. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid 
that all the Suras of Principal money that shall be so 
paid in by the Borrowers during the first Eight years 
of the Time Limitted for the Currency of the said 
Bills of Credit, but not After may and Shall be An- 
nually re-emitted by the said Loan officers respectively 
upon Loan to any person or persons Whatsoever, and 
at the Interest Aforesaid they the said Loan officers in 
Re-emitting or Lending out again the said principal 
Sums so paid in taking Such Security & observing the 
Like Rules as are directed in relation to the first Lend- 
ing threof , so always that care be taken therein from 
time to Time that the whole Sum so Re-emitted Shall 
be again paid in in Equal Proportional Parts that the 
whole thereof and the Interest Annually Shall be Re- 
paid at the Time Limitted for the Currency of the said 
Bills. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that in C>ase any Commissioner or Commissioners 
of the Loan offices Aforesaid do or Shall Neglect 
delay or Refuse, or by death or removal omit per- 
forming the duties enjoined him or them by this Act 
or Shall behave him or themselves in his or their office 
with favour Affection or Partiahty whereby the Pub- 
lick or any Private Person may be injured; upon 
Report or Complaint made thereof to any three of the 
Justices of the Respective Counties to which they be- 
long (Quorum unus) the said Justices are hereby re- 
quired and Commanded to Issue out their Precepts 
According to the Direction of this Act to Call together 
the Justices and ffreeholders chosen in each Town or 
Precinct to meet at such Time & place as by the said 
Justices in their Precept Shall be appointed to hear 
and Determine Sunnnarily the said Complaint, aud 
4 



50 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

upon Sufficient proof made to any three of the said 
Justices (Quorum Unus) with the major part of the 
said Freeholders in and for the said County of any 
failure or neglect in his or their said Office as Afore"' 
then & in that case the said Majority of the said ffree- 
holders with Concurrence of three Justices as afore- 
said, Shall proceed to Elect & Choose and are hereby 
required & Commanded to Elect & Chuse a Person or 
Persons in the room and Stead of Such Defaulter 
or Defaulters, which Commissioner or Commissioners 
so Chosen by the Justices and ffreeholders as before 
having entered into Bond & been Qualified in like 
manner as the Other Commissioners as in and by this 
Act is Directed, Shall have all the Powers Privilidges 
& Advantages, and be Subject to all the pains Penal- 
ties and forfeitures which any of the said Commission- 
ers of the County for which he is so Appointed are 
Vested with Entitled to Charged with or Subject to by 
Virtue of this Act. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that if any of the Commissioners to be Chosen by 
Virtue of this Act Shall at any Time hereafter desire 
to be Discharged of and from the said Office he or they 
Applying him or themselves to the Justices of the 
Peace of the County or any three of them whereof 
One to be of the Quorum and the Majority of the Free- 
holders before mentioned, and rendring an Account of 
his or their Proceedings in the said Office and it Ap 
pearing upon Examination that the said Com nis- 
sioner or Commissioners hath or have faithfully 
demeaned him or themselves in the Discharge of the 
said Office According to the true intent & meaning of 
this Act, then and in such Case Sucli Commissioner or 
Commissioners Shall be by the said Justices & free- 
holdei's Discharged oii" and from the said Office, and 
another or Other fit Person or Persons Appointed to 
Supply that place or places who Shall take tlie Same 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOK BELCHER. 51 

Oath or Affirmation, give the like Security, be under 
& Subj 3(. r to tlie same ristrictions & regulations, and 
receive the Same Salaries & Advantages whatsoever 
as the Other Commissioners for that County may or 
ought to do by Virtue of this Act. 

And be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that 
if Any Person or Persons who shall borrow money out 
of the Loan Office of any of the respective Counties of 
this Province Shall neglect to bring in and pay or 
Cause to be brought in & paid yearly and Every year 
on the Last Tuesday of March or within thirty days 
thereafter on one of the days which the Commissioners 
Aforesaid are herel)y directed to attend tlie respective 
Loan Offices, the part or parts of the Princi})al and In- 
terest become due by the Mortgage or Mortgages given 
as aforesaid then & in such Case the Commissioners 
of the Loan Office to which the Same Mortgage or 
Mortgages were Granted Shall be Seized of an Abso- 
lute and Indefeizable Estate in the Lands, Houses, 
Tenements and Hereditam^' thereby Mortgaged to 
them their Successors and Assigns to the uses in this 
Act mentioned, and the Mortgagor or Mortgagors, his 
her or their Heirs and Assigns Shall be utterly fore 
Closed and barred of all Equity of redemption, of the 
Mortgaged Premises Any Law usage custom or prac- 
tice in Courts of Equity to the Contrary Notwith- 
standing. 

And be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that 
the said Commissioners respectively Shall forthwith 
after the thirty days before mentioned yearly & Every 
year give Sufficient directions which they are to take 
Care Shall be Observed for fixing up advertize ments 
at three of the most publick Places in at least three or 
or more Distinct Towns or precincts of the County 
where the Premises are Situate of all the Lands Con- 
tained in the Mortgages whereof the Equity of Re- 
demption is foreclosed as aforesaid Describing the 



52 ADMIN^ISTKATION OF GOVEllNOR BELCHER. [1754 

Quantities & Situation of the Same, and that on the 
Second Tuesday of June thereafter they are to be sold 
at the Court House of the respective County where the 
Lands he by way of Pubhck Vendue to the Highest 
Bidder. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that the Commissioners of the respective Counties, 
Shall on the Second Tuesday of June yearly expose 
the Lands Contained in the Mortgage or Mortgages 
(Whereof the Equity of redemption is foreclosed as 
afores'') to Sale by Way of Public Vendue and upon 
Sale Shall Convey them to the buyer or Buyers thereof, 
who shall pay for their Deeds no more than five Shil- 
lings which Deed Shall be in the form following. 

This Indenture made the day of in the 

year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the 
Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain France 
and Ireland King, defender of the faith &c Anno. 

Dom: One Thousand Seven Hundred and Between 

the Commissioners of the Loan Otiice of the County 

of of the One part, and of the Other part 

Witnesseth that the Commissioners of the Loan Office 

of the County of for and in Consideration of the 

Sum of to them in hand paid, whereof they Grant 

the receipt and Discharge of the said his Heirs 

Executors and^Administrators thereof for ever Have 
Pursuant to an Act of the General Assembly of this 
province, entitled an Act for making Ciu'rent Seventy 
Thousand pounds m Bills of Credit for Assisting his 
Majesty & the Neighboring Colonies to dispossess the 
french from his Majestys Lands on or near- the Kiver 
Ohio, and Other purposes therein mentioned, Granted 
bargained Sold released enfeoffed & Confu'med; and by 
these Presents do Gi-ant Bargain sell release enfeoff 

and Confirm unto the said his Heirs and Assigns 

forever. All that together with all & all manner 

of woods under woods Trees Mines Minerals Quaries 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERKOR bELCHER. 53 

Hawkings Huntings f owlings fishings Buildings fences 
Improvements Hereditaments and Appurtenances 
whatsoever to the Same belonging or in any ways 
Appertaining, and all the Estate Right Title Interest 
Claims possession property and Demand whatsoever 
of the Commissioners of the Loan Office of the County 

of and their Successors, to the Above bargained 

premises and every part thereof, to Have and to Hold 
the Above Bargained premises and every part thereof, 

with the Appurtenances to the said his Heirs 

and Assigns to the sole and only proper use benefit 

and behoof of the said his Heirs and Assigns 

forever. In Witness Whereof the Commissioners of 

the Loan Office of the County of have hereunto 

Set the Seal of their Corporation together with their 
Hands the day & year Above Written. 

Sealed & Delivered In the Presence of 

And when the said Lands & Hereditaments Shall be 
Sold as aforesaid the Person or Persons to whom they 
shall be Sold Shall and may Hold and Enjoy the Same 
with their Appurtenances for such estate as they were 
Sold, Clearly discharged and freed from all Benefit & 
Equity of Redemption and all Other Incumbrances 
made & Suffered by the Mortgagor his or her heirs or 
Assigns, and Such Sales Shall be Available in Law & 
Equity. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that the Money or price for which the said Lands 
shall be sold, upon the Sale thereof Shall be paid in to 
the Said Commissioners, out of which they shall re- 
tain in their Hands what has not before been paid in 
of the whole principal Lent together with the Interest 
that has become due thereon untill the day of the Sale 
thereof, as also the Expence of the Advertisements & 
of the Sale, the sum not Exceeding fifteen ShiUings 
and the remainder (if any be) the Commissioners Shall 
pay to the Mortgagor his or her Heirs or assigns and 



54 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

in Case such Sale Shall happen during the first Eight 
years Currency of the said Bills but not after, the said 
principal Sums so received on the Sale Shall be re- 
emitted in the manner herein before directed in Eespect 
to the Sums of money paid in to the said Loan Officers 
during the first Eight years Currency of the said Bills. 

Provided Always that in Case the Buyer or any 
Other Person or Persons have then an Inchnation to 
borrow the whole or any part of the Principal so paid 
in (which ought not to have been sunk before that 
Time) upon the Terms herein before mentioned the 
Commissioners being Satisfyed of the Security to be 
given by him or them in manner Aforesaid may either 
Lend him or them the Same or let the buyer retain it 
in his hands upon giving- Security by Mortgage as 
Aforesaid. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid 
that if after any Lands Tenements or Hereditaments 
are Mortgaged to any of the Aforesaid Commissioners 
of the Eespective Loan offices in this Province Accord- 
ing to the directions of this Act, it Shall Appear to the 
Same Commissioners upon Good Sufficient Grounds 
which they Shall insert in the Minute Book of their 
proceedings that the Mortgagor had no good Right or 
Title to the Lands Tenements or Hereditaments or 
any of them so Mortgaged as Aforesaid so that the 
Publick may be in danger of Loosing the monies or 
any part thereof Advanced in Loan upon the Credit of 
the said Premises it shall & may be Law full to and for 
the said Commissioners & they are hereby required & 
Impowered to Commence any Action or Actions of 
debt or Covenant upon the said Mortgage against the 
said Mortgagor his oi- her Heirs Executors or Admin- 
istrators, & the Same to Prosecute to Judgment & 
Execution in any Court of Record within this province 
or any Other of his Majesty's Governments for the 
recovery of the whole monies Lent upon the said Mort- 



1754] ADMIN ISTUATIOX 01' GOV KKXOR UKLCH KK. 56 

gage and Interest become due with Cost, & Charges 
by all Lawfull ways and means whatsoever. In which 
Action or Actions the Defendant Shall be held to Spec- 
ial Bail, and the Court or Courts in whi(3h the Same 
Action Shall be brought are hereby Authorized and 
Directed to give Such Short days for the Rules of 
pleading therem, that Judgment, or a Trial & final de- 
termination of the said Actions may be had the first 
Court After the Court before which the Defendant 
Appeared to the Same Action, and Such Actions (if 
the Defendant can be found within this Province) 
Shall be brought in the County where the Cause of 
Action Arises. 

And Be it further Enacted by the Autliority Afore- 
said that the Bills of Credit by this Act to be made 
Shall be & continue Current for and during the Term 
of Sixteen years from the date of the said Bills be- 
tween Man & Man but shall be received by the Com- 
missioners aforesaid & the Treasurers of the Respec- 
tive Divisions of this Colony for the Space of Six 
months thereafter & no Longer. Which said Bills so 
made Current Shall be received and paid for the Value 
Expressed upon each Bill, for Lands, Goods, Chatties 
or any Other thing bought or Sold by all Persons 
whatsoever residing in or passing through this Colony, 
and a Tender of the said Bills at any Time during their 
Currency made to any person or persons whatsoever 
in the said Colony for the payment or Discharging of 
any debt or debts Bargains Sales of Land or Other 
things Bonds Mortgages Specialties and Contracts 
Whatsoever Already made, or hereafter to be made 
either for Sterling money Silver money of America or 
any Other Species of Gold Silver or any Other Quan- 
tity of plate or Gold, Shall be as Effectual in Law to 
all Intents & Purposes as if the Species Contracted for 
had been Tendered for the Same. 

And Be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid t'hat 



56 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCHER. [1754 

if any Person or Persons Creditor or Creditors, Obligee 
or Obligees, Any Party or Parties to any Contract, 
Covenant Bargain or Agreement Whatsoever already 
made or hereafter to be made at any time during the 
said Sixteen years, that said Bills are made Current 
for Shall upon Tender made before Two LawfuU Wit- 
nesses of all or any their debts dues & Demands what- 
soever (Provided the said Tender be made of the whole 
debt or Demand that is due from any One Person, and 
not of a part) in the Bills of Credit made Current by 
this Act, refuse to Accept or Receive the said Bills of 
Credit in Discharge of the said Debts dues or Demands 
According to their Values or rates, he She or they so 
refusing to accept the said Bills of Credit in Discharge 
as aforesaid, Shall Loose the said debt or Debts, Sum 
or sums of money so refused, and they and Every of 
them, they and Every of their Heirs Executors and 
Administrators shall for ever be barred from bringing 
his her or their Actions for Recovery of the said Debt 
or Debts Sum or Sums of money so refused as afore- 
said, and the Defendant may plead this Act in barr to 
any Action or Actions that shall be so Commenced. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that if any Pei'son who is an Inhabitant in this 
Province Shall in any Other Government Sue or Arrest 
Another Inhabitant of the Same for any Debt Con- 
tracted in this Province it Shall & maybe Law full for 
tlie party Sued to make a Tender in Bills made Cur- 
rent by this Act, which Shall be deemed good & Law- 
full, and the party refusing said tender shall be Liable 
to the penalties of this Act as in Case of a Tender 
made in this province. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that if any person or Persons Whatsoever shall 
Counterfeit or be Aiding or Assisting in Counterfeiting 
or Altering any of the said Bills of Credit made Cur- 
rent by this Act so as to make them pass or Appear to 



1754] ADMIXISTHATIOX OF rrOYERXOK HELOHEH. 57 

be of Greater Value thau they were made Current for, 
or utter or Cause to be uttered any Bill or Bills Know- 
ing the Same to be Counterfeit or Altered as Aforesaid 
and be thereof Legally Convict he she or they so 
offending Shall incur the Pains and Penalties of Felony 
without Benefit of Clergy, and shall Suffer Death 
Accordingly. 

And to the end the Intents of this Act may not be 
eluded. Be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that 
if any Person or Persons Shall at any Time hereafter 
be Apprehended or taken into Custody on Suspicion 
of having Counterfeited any of the Bills of Credit now 
Current in this Colony or which by this Act Shall be 
made Current, in such the Prosecutor on the part of 
the Crown in the Indictment Exhibited against the 
said Person or Persons Shall AUedge the fact or facts 
to be done, where in Truth the Same was done; and if 
upon the Tryal thereof Sufficient Proof doth appear that 
the same was done in the place where it is so aledged 
in Such Indictment or Indictments, or in any Other 
Place, the Party or Parties duly Convict thereof shaU 
Suffer in Such and the Same manner as if the Same 
were Alledged & proved to have been done in Some 
County of this Colony, and the Juries on the Tryals 
of all Such foreign Issues Shall be Returned from 
the Bodies of the Counties of Burlington or Middlesex 
or one of them. Any Law Usage oi' Custom to the 
Contrary Notwithstanding. 

And Be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that the respective Loan Officers of this Colony 
shall be kept at the Court House of each respective 
County or at some Other Convenient place near the 
same (or in Such Counties where there is no Court 
House nigh the place where the same is to be fixed: 
but if that cannot be Agreed on then as three Justices 
(Quorum Unus) in Conjunction with the Major part 
of the Freeholders Chosen for said County Shall Di- 



58 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

I'ect; and the said Commissioners Shall so soon as the 
Bills are Signed & Delivered to them, set up Advertise- 
ments of the first day of their Attending the Loan 
Office as aforesaid, and Shall duly Attend the Same on 
that first day and on every Tuesday and Wednesday 
in each week for the Space of two months thereafter 
if there be Occasion for their Sitting so long, and Af- 
terwards they Shall Attend the said Loan Office every 
year to receive the Monies by this Act Directed to be 
paid in to them upon the Last Tuesday in March & 
thereafter on the Tuesday in each Week for the Term 
of three weeks, and it Shall and may be Lawf ull for 
the Several Loan Officers to Keep and Eetain in their 
Hands out of the Interest money Arising on the Bills 
hereby made Current so much thereof as will pay them 
the Salaries Annually due and Appointed by this Act 
and the Residue Shall be Annually & Every year 
within three months After the receipt thereof paid 
unto the Treasurers of the respective Divisions of this 
Colony for the Time being to be disposed of in manner 
following that is to say, the Whole Interest Money 
Arising from the said Sixty Thousand pounds, after 
paying the Several Charges Attending the Sum made 
Current by this Act Shall be Applied as follows, (to 
wit) the sum of Ten Thousand pounds towards Sink- 
ing & Cancelling so much of the Bills of Credit now 
made Current for Assisting his Majesty to dispossess 
the French from his Lands on the Ohio; Also the Sum 
of Thirteen Thousand Seven Hundred & Seventy one 
pounds Sixteen Shillings & three pence half penny 
towards Sinking & Cancelling the Bills of C^-edit made 
for his Majesty's Service in the Late war and yet out 
Standing, and the Whole of the Remainder of the said 
Interest Money as the Same Shall arise. Shall be given 
to his Majesty his Heirs & Successors, to be Applied 
hereafter by the Governor, Council and General As- 
sembly for the Defence of the Frontiers of this & the 
Neighbouring Colonies on the Continent of America. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 50 

And the said Treasurers on Receiving the said Inter- 
est money from the Respective Loan Officers Shall 
give a receipt for the Sum or Sums received v^hich Shall 
be Sufficient to discharge them the said Loan Officers 
their Heirs Executors & Adm'' for the said Interest 
money; and in Case the said Loan Officers Shall Neglect 
delay or Refuse to pay the said Interest money unto 
Them the said Treasurers at the Several days & times 
herein before Appointed the said respective Treasurers 
are hereby required Sz Commanded, on any such Neglect 
delay or Refusal forthwith to Prosecute the Defaulter or 
Defaulters, and on Conviction each Loan Officer so Of- 
fending Shall for each Offence forfeit the Sura of Twenty 
pounds, to be Recovered with Costs of Suit by the said 
Treasurers of the Respective Divisions, who shall Sue 
for the same to Effect by Action of debt, Bill plaint or 
Information in any Court of Record in this Colony 
where the Same shall be Cognizable, one half to the 
use of the Lord the King that now is his heirs and Suc- 
cessors for the Support of his Government to be 
disposed off as the Governor Council & General As- 
sembly Shall hereafter direct, the Other half for the 
use of him the said Treasurer. 

And be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that 
the said Treasurers respectively shall Lay the said In- 
terest money by them so received yearly & Every year 
before the Justices & ffreeholders of the Counties of 
Middlesex or Burlington to be by them Inspected can- 
celled, Bundled up tyed Sealed, and a Certificate of the 
Quantity so Sealed left with the Treasurer of the re- 
spective Division to be by him laid before the General 
Assembly in Order that the said money may be finally 
Sunk and Destroyed. 

Provided Always that the said Treasurers shall Lay 
no more of the said Interest money before the said 
Justices and ff'reeholders than will make up the Sum 
of Twenty three Thousand Seven Hundred & Seventy 



60 ADMINISTRATION' OF GOVERKOK BELCHER. [1754 

one Pounds Sixteen Shillings & three pence half 
penny but Shall Keep the remainder as it is paid in to 
be hereafter Applied as before Directed. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that the Act of Assembly of this Province 
Entitled an Act for Levying a fund at Different Periods 
by Provincial Taxes for Sinking the Sum of fifteen 
Tliousand three hundred & two pounds & four pence 
Now Out Standing in Bills of Credit made Current for 
his Majesty's Service in the Late War, Be and is 
hereby repealed made null & Void to all intents & pur- 
poses Whatsoever. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that the yearly Salaries of the said Coinmisioners 
of the said Loan Offices for the Services required by 
this Act Shall be as follows. 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of Ber- 
gen Chosen as Aforesaid the Sum of fifteen Pounds. 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of Essex 
Chosen as Aforesaid the Sum of Sixteen pomids Eleven 
ShiUings & Eight pence farthing. 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of Mid- 
dlesex Chosen as aforesaid the Sum of Nineteen 
Pounds Six Shillings & one penny. 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of Mon- 
mouth Chosen as aforesaid the sum of Twenty Seven 
pounds Nineteen Shillings & ten pence half penny. 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of Som- 
erset Chosen as aforesaid the Sum of Twenty three 
pounds fifteen Shilling & eight pence farthing. 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of Sus- 
sex Chosen as Aforesaid the Sum of Ten Pounds. 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of Morris 
Chosen as aforesaid the Sum of Ten Pounds. 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of Hun- 
terdon Chosen as aforesaid the Sum of Thirty pounds 
three Shillings & Eleven pence. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 61 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of Bur- 
lington Chosen as aforesaid the Sum of Twenty Six 
pounds twelve Shillings & Six pence. 

To each of the Loan Officers for the County of Glou- 
cester Chosen as aforesaid the sum of Sixteen pounds 
Twelve Shillings & Eleven Pence three farthings. 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of 
Salem Chosen as aforesaid the Sum of Seventeen 
Pounds. 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of Cum- 
berland Chosen as aforesaid the Sum of Ten Pounds. 

To each of the Loan Officers of the County of Cape 
May Chosen as Aforesaid the Sum of Ten Pounds. 

And be it Enacted By the Authority Aforesaid that 
the said Commissioners on the Second Wednesday in 
May Yearly before the Justices of the peace of the Re- 
spective Counties or any thi-ee of them (Quorum Unus> 
and the Majority of the ffreeholders Elected for the 
Same County by Virtue of an Act of the General Assem- 
bly of this Province entitled an Act for Raising of 
money for Building and Repairing of Gaols and Court 
Houses within each respective County of this province 
Shall Lay the whole Accounts of the Bills of Credit 
Aforesaid by them to be Inspected & Considered of 
together with Such parts of the })rincipal Lent as 
aforesaid which are directed to be paid in yearly in 
Bills of Credit which Accounts and Bills being 
Carefully Examined Inspected and Counted, the 
bills Shall be Cancelled by Laying some Number f)f 
them Orderly one above Another, and Cutting a 
Triangle from the Top of them, which Separated 
from the Bill will appear in this form 
and all the Bills aforesaid being so Cut, 
the Triangles cut out Shall be burned & 
Destroyed in Presence of the said Justices & ffree- 
holders & the remaining part of the said Bills Shall be 
Carefully put up and tied & Sealed with the Seals of 



62 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. [1754 

the Said Justices ffreeholders and Commissioners, and 
the Sum in each Bundle and the day & year the Same 
were Cancelled with the Name of the County en- 
dorsed thereon and a Certificate under the Hands of 
the said Justices and ffreeholders of the Sum of the 
Bills so Cancelled Shall be Sufficient for the Commis- 
sioners to Account with the General Assembly in 
that Affair, and which bundles so tied & Sealed as 
aforesaid shall be by the said Commissioners yearly 
Delivered to the Treasurer of the Division to which 
they belong', at the Time they pay to him the Interest 
money Arising by this Act; Which Ti-easurer Shall 
give his receipt for the Same Mentioning therein the 
Number and Marks of the Bundles and Shall Carefully 
preserve them in Order that they may be Inspected by 
the General Assembly of this Colony, and Compared 
with the- Certificates Aforesaid of the Justices & ffree- 
holders; And if any Suspicion Should thereafter Arise 
of fraud or of Counterfeits, that the Same may be de- 
tected and Such Course taken therein as to the General 
Assembly Shall Seem meet. 

And be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that 
in Case the Sum of Bills so Cancelled as Aforesaid do 
happen to be less than the Sum of Bills by this Act di- 
rected to be at or before that Time paid in & Cancelled 
in the Kespective Counties as aforesaid, the said Jus- 
tices and ffreeholders are hereby Strictly Charged & 
Commanded to Cause the Sum that is wanting to make 
up the Same to be Levyed of the Inhabitants of such 
County in Such manner, and According to Such 
Methods as are directed by an Act, Entitled an Act for 
Raising of money for building and Repairing of Gaols 
Court Houses within each respective County of this 
province, and the Same being so Levyed, Shall Cause 
to be Cancelled in manner Aforesaid on that day 
twelve months, on which it should have been Can- 
celled. And in Case the Justices and ffreeholders 



1754] ADMIN^ISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 63 

Aforesaid Shall on any Pretence whatsoever Neglect 
Causing the whole Sum that is wanting to be Levied, 
Every of them Neglecting their duty herein Shall for- 
feit to his Majesty the Sum of Ten pounds to be recov- 
ered in any Court of Record within this province, one 
half to the use of such Justices & ff j'eeholders of the 
Same County endeavoring to perform their duty herein 
who will Sue and Inform Against the Rest and Prose- 
cute their Suit to Effect; and the Other half to be Ap- 
pHed towards Cancelling the Bills of Credit in Such 
manner as Shall be Directed by the Governor Council 
and General Assembly, and in Case none of the Jus- 
tices and ffreeholders Aforesaid Shall within three 
months After Such Neglect Sue and Inform Against 
the rest or Shall by Coven or- Collusion delay prosecu- 
ting their said Suit to Effect, then every of the said 
Justices and ffreeholders are hereby Declared to be 
equally Guilty of the said Neglect and Every of them 
Shall forfeit the said Sum of Ten ])ounds to be Recov- 
ered by Any Person or Persons who will Sue for the 
Same in any Court of Record within the Colony, One 
third part to the use of the Prosecutor; and the Other 
two thirds to be applied towards Cancelling tlie Bills of 
Credit. 

And in Case the Interest of the said Sixty Thousand 
pounds to be hereby emitted on Loan Should After De- 
ducting the Salaries and Charges attending it, for want 
of borrowers or by any Other means fail of being paid 
fully into the Treasury: It is hereby Enacted and De- 
clared that the Counties respectively Shall make up the 
Deficiencies of the Interest of their Quotas in the Same 
manner and under the Same pains and penalties as be- 
fore directed. 

Provided Always that no Sum or Sums of money 
Shall be Levyed to make good Deficiencies upon the 
Inhabitants of any County or Counties, before a Sale 
or Sales Shall be made of the Premises Mortgaged 



64 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

(cases where it appears the Mortgagers or any of them 
have no Title to the Premises Mortgaged only Ex- 
cepted) pursuant to the Directions of this Act and upon 
Such sale or Sales at any time made, and any Defi- 
ciency or Deficiencies happening, the Commissioners 
of the Loan Offices Shall forthwith Acquaint the Jus- 
tices & ffreeholders thereof to the end Such Deficiency 
or Deficiencies may then be Levied on the Inhabitants 
of the said Counties respectively, so as that the money 
may be ready to pay unto them the said Commission- 
ers on or before the twenty fifth day of March Next 
following such Sale or Sales. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that Wheat if Offered in any of the ijayments 
Aforesaid, Shall be received at the rate of four pence 
less in Value for Every Bushel, than the Market Price, 
which wheat when so paid into any of the said Loan 
Offices Shall be Sold for the Bills of Credit hereby to 
be made Current, and the money disposed of in Such 
Manner as if the payment had first been made in the 
said Bills. And also all Gold and Silver Coins men- 
tioned in the Aforesaid Act of the Late Queen Anne 
for the Ascertaining the Value of the said Coins, Shall 
and may be received at the rates in the said Act Men- 
tioned, if paid in the first eight years Currency of the 
said Bills to be let out at Interest in Such manner as if 
the Same had been paid in the Bills of Credit afore- 
said; and if paid in after that Time then to be paid in 
to the Treasury in Order to Exchange for BiUs of 
Credit or be otherwise Disposed off as the Governor 
Council and General Assembly may hereafter direct 
and Appoint. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said, that not any of the money or bills by this Act di- 
rected to be Let out at Interest Shall be Let out in 
Sums Exceeding One Hnndied pounds Xor less than 
Twelve pounds Ten Shillings to any one person unless 



1754] ADMINISTRATION' OF (40VEIJX0K BELCHEK. ('^■'> 

it should remain in the hands of any ot the said Loan 
Officers for the Space of Six months, for want of bor- 
rowers; in which Case it Shall and may be Lawfull to 
let out the Same on good Security as aforesaid to any 
Person who will borrow the Same in Sums not exceed- 
ing Two Hundred pounds to any one person. 

And to prevent frauds that may happen by Execu- 
tors or Administrators in their non payment of any 
part of the money borrowed as aforesaid by the respec- 
tive Testators or Intestates, Be it further Enacted by 
the Authority Aforesaid, that if any Person or Persons 
Shall borrow any of the Bills of Credit which by Virtue 
of this Act Shall become Current, and Shall After make 
his or their Last Will and Testament in due form of 
Law, thereby Devising the Premises so Mortgaged to 
any Other person or persons leaving personal Estate 
Sufficient to pay his or her Debts, with an Over plus 
not Otherwise in the said Will Disposed of, and not 
Expressly providing in Other manner by the said Will, 
in Such Case it Shall be understood that the Devisor 
intended that the Mortgage money in Arrear at the 
Time of his death should be paid out of his personal 
Estate and his Executor or Executors Shall be Ac- 
cordingly compelled the Same thereout in Aid of Such 
Devisee or Devisees, But in Case the Last Will was 
before the premises were Mortgaged, then it Shall be 
understood that the Testators Intent was (unless 
Otherwise Expressed in Such Will) the Devisee or 
Devisees Should pay the Eesidue of the Mortgage 
money in Arrear at the Time of Such Testators Death ; 
and in Case any Executor or Executors contrary to the 
Intent of this Act having Effects Sufficient Shall per- 
mit a Sale to be made of the premises Mortgaged, 
Such Devisee or Devisees may Immediately have his 
her or their x\ction either in proper person, or by Guar- 
dien or next friend if undei- Age Against Such Execu- 
tor or Executors and i-ecover double the Damages 



66 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCnER. [1754 

Sustained with Costs of Suit, and in Case any Executor 
or Executors Shall in Such Case be a purchaser of the 
premises so mortgaged or Any Other in Trust for him 
or for his use, he or they Shall be Deemed duly Seised 
of the Premises for the use of the said Devisee or 
Devisees and Such Executor or Executors are hereby 
Disabled from making any Conveyance thereof from 
Such Devisee or Devisees, and if any Such Conveyance 
Should be made the Same is hereby Declared fraudu- 
lent and Void Against Such Devisee or Devisees. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that in Case any Such Mortgagor shall die intes- 
tate the mortgage money aforesaid or any part thereof 
being in Arrear and unpaid and Leaving personal 
Estate Sufficient to pay his debts with an Overplus, 
his heir at Law being under age when any part of the 
said Mortgage Money shall become due, in such Cases 
the Mortgage money shall be paid out of the Personal 
Estate if Sufficient, and the profits of the premises 
Mortgaged Shall be AppUed towards the repayment of 
the said money to Such person or Persons as may be 
Entitled to the Same where it so happens that the part 
of the Said personal Estate coming to the Said Heir at 
Law is not Sufi^cient to discharge such Mortgage. 
and in case the profit of the said Mortgaged jwemises 
Shall not be Sufficient to make Such repayment, the 
Heir at Law Shall be compelled to make it up with 
Interest when he she or they comes of age: and where 
any Such Sales Shall happen to be made pursuant to 
the Tenor of this Act After the Death of the Testator 
or Intestate because of the Deficiency of the Personal 
Estate of the Intestate or Testator his or her Heirs or 
Devisees being then under Ago in Such Case the money 
Arising by such Sale After the Deduction of the Prin- 
cipal Interest & Costs due to the Loan Office Shall be 
placed out at Interest by the Executors or Adminis- 
trators for the benefit of such heir or Devisee or Per- 
sons Entitled to such Land. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 67 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that the Loan Officers Aforesaid before they Lend 
out any of the Bills by this Act to be made Current, 
Shall be provided with Books of Blank Mortgages 
Printed & bound up in the form following Viz. 

This Indenture made the Day of in the 

year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George 

the Second of Great Britain France & Ireland King 
Defender of the ffaith &c Anno Dom, One Thousand 

Seven Hundred and Between of the County 

of of the one part, and the Commissioners of the 

Loan Office of the County of of the Other part 

Witnesseth that the said for and in Consideration 

of the Sum of by the Commissioners of the Loan 

Office of the County of to him well and Truly in 

hand paid whereof he grants the receipt and acknowl- 
edges himself to be therewith contented, and for him- 
self his heirs Executors and Administrators Releases 
and Discharges the Commissioners of the Loan Office 

of the County of and their Successors thereof for 

ever. Hath Granted bargained Sold Released Enfeoffed 
and Confirmed, and by these Presents does Grant Bar- 
gain Sell Release Enfeoff e and Confirm to the Com- 
missioners of the Loan Office of the County of 

and their Successors and Assigns forever, all that 

Together with all and all manner of woods under 
woods Trees, Mines, Minerals Quaries hawkings hunt- 
ings fowUngs fishings Buildings fences Improvements 
Hereditaments & Appurtenances whatsoever to the 
Same belonging or in any ways Appertaining, and all 
the Estate Right Title Interest possession property 

Claim and Demand of the said and his Heirs to 

the above Bargained premises and every part thereof 
To have and To Hold the Above Bai'gained premises 
and every part thereof, with the Appurtenances to the 
Commissioners of the Loan Offixe of the County of 
their Successors and Assigns forever, to the Uses 



68 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

and purposes mentioned in an Act of the General 

Assembly of this j^rovince passed in the year of 

his Majestys Reign Entitled an Act for making Cur- 
rent Seventy Thousand Pounds in Bills of Credit for 
Assisting his Majesty and the Neighbouring Colonies 
to dispossess the French from His Majestys Lands on 
or near the River Ohio, and Other pui-poses therein 

mentioned, and the said for himself his heirs 

Executors and Administrators does Covenant Grant 
bargain and Agree to and with the Commissioners of 
the Loan Office of the County of and their Suc- 
cessors that at and before the Time of the Sealing and 

Delivery hereof he the said Stood Lawfully Seized 

of the Above Bargained Premises of a good Sure per- 
fect and indefeazable Estate of Inheritance in the Law 
in ffee SimjDle, and that the Same then were free and 
Clear of all former and Other Gifts Grants Bargains 
Sales Leases releases Judgments Extents Recogniz- 
ances Dowers Entails and Other Incumbrances in the 
Law whatsoever. Provided always, and these presents 

are upon this Condition that if the said his Heirs 

Executors Administrators or Assigns do pay or Cause 
to be paid to the Commissioners of the Loan Office of 
the County of the above Sum of in the Pro- 
portion and at the times following (to wit) the Sum of 

on the 25'" day of March One Thousand Seven 

Hundred and and the Sum of on the 25"' day 

of March One Thousand Seven Hundred and — — and 
the Sum of on the 25*'^ day of March One Thou- 
sand Seven Hundred and and the Sum of on 

the 25"' day of March One Thousand Seven Hundred 

and and the Sum of on the 25"' day of March 

One Thousand Seven Hundred and and the Sum 

of on the 25"' day of March One Thousand Seven 

Hundi-ed and and the Sum of on the 25'" day 

of Mai'ch One Thousand Seven Hundred and and 

the Sum of - — on the 25"' day of March One Thou- 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 69 

sand Seven Hundred and and the Sum of on 

the 25*." day of March One Thousand Seven Hundred 

and and the Sum of on the 25'?' day of March 

One Thousand Seven Hundred and and the Sum 

of on the 25V' day of March One Thousand Seven 

Hundred and and the Sum of on the 25"' day 

of March One Thousand Seven Hundred and ^ — and 
the Sum of on the 25'.'' day of March One Thou- 
sand Seven Hundred and — — and the Sum of on 

the 25'." day of March One Thousand Seven Hun- 
dred and and the Sum of on the 25'.^ day 

of March One Thousand Seven Hundred and 

and the Siun of on the 25'." day of March 

One Thousand Seven Hundred and and Shall 

at every of the said Terms of payment pay to the 
Commissioners of the Loan Office of the County of 

the Interest at the rate of five per Cent of the said 

])rincipal Sum of and of the parts thereof remain- 
ing unpaid before the said respective teims of payment 
According to the true Intent and meaning of the said 
Act of General Assembly of this province, that the 
above Grant Bargain and Sale and every x^rticle and 
Clause thereof Shall be Void, but if failure is made in 
any of the payments above mentioned, then the above 
Bargain & Sale is to remain in full force & A'^irtue and 

the said for himself his Heirs and Assigns doth 

Agree to be Absolutely barred of all Equity of Re- 
demption of the Premises within thirty days after 

Such failure; And the said for himself his Heirs 

Executors and Administrators does Covenant Grant 
bargain promise and agree to and with the Commis- 
sioners of the Loan Office of the County of and their 

Successors well and truly to pay to them all and every 
the Sums of money above mentioned at the times on 
which the Same ought to be paid as aforesaid, and 
that tlie above Bargained premises upon the Sale 
thereof pursuant to the directions of the said Act will 



70 ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 

yield the principal and Interest Aforesaid remaining 
unpaid at the time of Such Sale; together with the 
Charges of Such Sale. In Witness Whereof the Par- 
ties to these present Indentures have Interchangeably 
set their Hands and Seals the day & year above 
Written. 

Sealed & Delivered In the presence of 

Which Mortgages shall be by them respectively filled 
up as Occasion shall require and for the filling up and 
taking of each Mortgage the said Commissioners of the 
Loan Office Shall take the Sum of three Shillings and 
no more, and the said Commissioners Shall in like 
manner be provided with Books of Clean Paper Bound 
up to minute their proceedings and Accounts relating 
to the BiUs by this Act to be made Current, in Such 
manner and form as heretofore hath been Customary 
in this Colony, together with a Sufficient Number of 
Spare Blank Mortgages in the form aforesaid; which 
Books so to be provided shall be printed and Bound up 
by the same person who Shall print the Bills of Credit 
by this x\ct to be made Current. 

And be it further Enacted by the authority afore- 
said that John Wetherill Henry Fisher William Forster 
& Joseph Yard Esq''* or in Case of either of their Re- 
fusal Death or Other Disability then Joshua Bishpham 
& Tliomas Barton Esq'-* shall with the Others not 
dying or Refusing, be Inspectors of the press, and they 
or any three of them are to take care that the printer 
of the Bills of Credit doth duly peiform tlie duty 
hereby enjoined him, and that the Books of Mortgages 
& Books to minute the proceedings of the said Loan 
Officers and Keep their Accounts relating to the said 
BiUs are made of tit Size, & printed Bound up and De- 
livered to the said Loan Officers. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority Afore- 
said that it Shall and may be Lawfull foi- Samuel 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEBNOR BELCHER. 71 

Nevill, Charles Eead, Jacob Dehart, and Joseph Noble 
or any three of them, and they are hereby required to 
Agree with a printer for printing the Bills of Credit 
and Books aforesaid at as Reasonable a Rate as they 
can, and at Such place as any three of them shall 
see meet. 

And Whereas it is Necessary that some provision 
Should be made for Defraying the Expences that may 
Arise on the Bills of Credit to be made Current by 
Virtue of this Act. 

Be it Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that the 
Treasurers of this Colony or Either of them Shall pay 
out of the first Interest money that Shall be paid into 
the Treasury by Virtue of this Act Viz: To the Signers 
who are to sign the Bills of Credit as aforesaid to be 
made Current by this Act, each the Sum of Seventy 
Pounds Money Aforesaid for Numbering Signing and 
Indenting the said Bills. To the Inspectors, for In- 
specting the press when the said Bills Shall be printed 
each the Sum of fifteen pounds. To the Printer who 
Shall print the Bills of Credit the Books of Mortgages 
& Other Books directed to be provided and Bound up 
for the Commissioners of the Loan Offices by this Act 
so much money as Samuel NeviU Charles Read Jacob 
Dehart and Joseph Noble Esq'' or any three of them 
Shall agree with the Printer for doing the said Ser- 
vices, for which they Shall each receive the Sum of 
five pounds. All which Sums Shall be paid out of the 
Interest money as abovesaid, by the said Treasurers or 
Either of them by Virtue of Warrants to be passed in 
Council; and the said Warrants when Produced and 
Indorsments thereon Made by the Persons to whom 
the same may be respectively made j)ayable Shall be 
Sufficient Vouchers for the said Treasurers or Either of 
them their Executors and Aduiinistrators for so much 
of the said Interest money. 

October the 17'!' 1754. This Bill was proposed and 



72 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVEKNOK BELCHER. [1754 

Agreed to by the House of Representatives, to be 
passed into a Law, If his Majesty Should be pleased 
to give his Governor of this Colony leave to Enact it. 
Signed by Order of the House. 

Robert Lawrence, Speaker. 
A True Copy from the Original Draught. 
Compared by, 

Abra: Clark jun" Clerk of the Assembly. 



Letter from tTOvenior Belcher to the Lords of Trade, 
transmitting some public papers and requesting 
action relative to the boundary questions with 
New York. 

I From F. R. O. B. T. New Ji-rsey. Vol. r. H. .'■IS. ) 

Eliza: Town (N J) Nov".^ -jc.'!' 17.54. 

Right Hoii^'.''' Lords Commiss'"^ for Trade & 
Plantations. 

My Lords 

I had the Honour of writing Your Lordships, 28: 
Inst*, by the Way of N: York, with a Number of pa- 
pers relative to the Dispute, between this Governm': & 
that of N : York, about the Bounds, between the s '■ 
Provinces; to which I humbly pray Your Lordships, 
speedy Attention, for Matters in that Affair, seem to 
be come to a Crisis; & I am in much pain, least there 
shou'd be Bloodshed, among the Borderers, before the 
King's Orders, can arrive; which I humbly lio])e. will 
be dispatch'd, as soon as possible. 

Altho' the Governni: of this Province, is in a ready 
Disposition, to come into a tempoi'ary Line, for estab- 
lishing Peace, & good Oi-der. between the two Prov- 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF (iOVERNOR BELCHER. 73 

inces; yet the Governing of N:York, seem to shew no 
Inclination, towards it. I now inclose to Your Lord- 
ships, the following papers in the Publick Affairs of 
this Province; past ia a Session, of the General Assem- 
bly of this Province, the last Month * * * * 
these things my Lords, will give you a very full & 
particular Ace ;, of what has been transacted, since my 
last. — & I am sorry this Asssembly, cou'd be brought, 
into any Aid or Assistance of the neighboring Colonies, 
in their present distress'd Circumstances. 

In duty to the King & from a just Regard to His 
People committed to my Care, I think proper to say, 
to Your Lordships as to the Bill, for a future Emis- 
sion, of a paper Currency. 

That large Emissions, of Paper Currencies, have 
always proved very injurious, to the People of the 
Colonies; as the Bills are constantly depreciating, — & 
if this Bill shoud pass into a Law, there will be a Cir- 
culation, of near double the Value, of paper Curl•enc3^ 
to what has generally l)een at any one time in this 
Province— 

I wou'd therefore humbly propose, in order to pre- 
vent the Depreciation of it, that there shou'd be, an 
effectual Clause added to the Bill, that it shou'd be 
absolutely contin'd, to the Act of 6: of Queen Ann, for 
ascertaining the Rates, of foreign Coins, in Her Maj- 
esty's Plantations; & that if the Bills of Ci'edit, shoud 
at any Time depreciate, from what they are, at the 
first going out, that the Province, should be obUged to 
make good, at all Times, such Deficiency, to the Pos- 
sessors of "them:— & this being done, I think there can 
be no Injury, or Injustice, in making the Bills, a 
Tender in all Payments, (publick & Private)— I hope 
Your Lordships, will, as soon as possible, in the 
Spring, let me have His Majesty's Determination, on 
the Petition of the Assembly, in this Matter;— for till 
it arrives. I have not the least hope, of the Assembly's 



74 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVEUXOR BELCHER. [1754 

taking another Step, to answer His Majesty's just Ex- 
pectation, of their joining with the other Provinces, 
for driving the French from the Ohio, Scc'^ 

I have the Honour to be, with great Respect, 
My Lords, Your Lordships 

most Obedient, & most humble Serv! 

J Belcher 
Eliza: Town (N J) NoV; 26: 1754 
Right Hon^!'' Lords Commiss'^^ for Trade & Plantations. 



Letter from Lieutenant Governor De Lancey, of New 
York, to the Lords of Trade, referring to the 
boundary question ivith New Jersey. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. VI, p. <J25.] 

15 Dec' 1754 
My Lords (Extract). 

*****-»]; should be glad if the observa- 
tions I have made on the disputes between New York 
and New Jersey can be of any service; His Majesty is 
greatly concerned in that controversy, and I am sur- 
prised, that the construction I put on the Duke of 
York's grant of Jersey, had not been taken notice of 
before, since it appears so very obvious. I hope a 
temporary line of Jurisdiction will soon be settled by 
His Majesty's authority, that so the Mischief which 
is justly apprehended from the heat and violence of 
the Jersey Proprietors may be prevented. I inclose 
your Lord^^' a printed copy of the Report of the Coun- 
cil on the steps taken by the Jersey Proprietors, to 
whom I had referred the consideration of these matters 
and your Lord""' will find in pages 20 and 21, of the 
printed proceedings of the Assembly, the Report of a 
Committee of that house on the Jersey line, and in 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 75 

page 37, the Message of the house to me on that 
subject; which seems to me to evince the necessity of 
the speedy settlement of a temporary hne; and from 
these papers it will appear, that both the Council and 
Assembly advise me to exercise the Jurisdiction of 
this Govern* up to the supposed line of the year 1686, 
which I shall endeavour to do in the best manner I 
can, yet so as to avoid if possible any mischief. 

By an Act of this Colony passed so long ago as the 13*'' 
of William the 3^^. it is enacted that Waghackemack, ' 
and great and little Minisink should be annexed to 
the County of Ulster, and that the Inhabitants thereof 
should give their votes for Representatives in the 
County of Ulster, so that it evidently appears that 
these places were setled above fifty years ago under 
this Province; and can anything be more unreasonable 
than that the Proprietors of Jersey should remove 
these ancient settlers upon a bare claim, and before 
any proof of rights. This Act 13. Will"" 3'' is entituled: 
"An Act for the more regular proceedings in the 
Elections of representatives for the several cities and 
Counties within this Province" and was not made 
with a view to any dispute with the Jerseys, but on 
disputes which had arisen between the County of 
Orange, which lies next to Jersey, and the County of 
Ulster which lies to the Northward of Orange. Your 
LordPP* will see the readiness of this Province to come 
to a final Decision of the Controversy by the Act 
inclosed. * * * ^ ^r- -;<■ 

I am My Lords Your Lord^''' most obedient and most 

humble servant 

James De Lancey. 



» The Patent of Waghaghkemick was granted to Thomas Swartwout and others 
in 1697. It lies on the Neversink River, in Orange County, N. Y.—Dr. O'Callaghan. 



76 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1754 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir Thomas Robinson, 
Secretary of State — about affairs of the Province. 

[From P. R. O. America and West Indies, Vol. 08.| 

Sir T. Robinson 

S'; ELizt Town (N J) Dec'; IT: 1754 

I wrote you the 5 : of the last Month, by way of N : 
York, & DupUcate of which, is since gone; both com- 
mitted to the Care, of Mr Partridge; & was as full & 
particular, an Answer, as I could give, to yours of 5 : 
of July preceeding. 

I am now, Sf, to own the Honour, of yours of 25: & 
26: of Oct!' past, which came to my hands. Yesterday, 
by the way of Boston,— & I shall now answer, accord- 
ing to the best Information, & Judgment, I have had, 
or can make, of the Circumstances of the Affairs, of 
this Province, relative to your Letters, above men- 
tioned; & in which I shall with aU care, practice my 
Duty, to His Majesty, to the utmost of my Power. 

I observe, the King has been pleased, to appoint 
James Pitcher, Esq!" to be Commissary, of the Musters, 
of all His Majesty's Forces, that are, or shall be em- 
ploy'd in His Majesty*: Colonies, & Provinces, in North 
America. 

I shall therefore, in Obedience to His Majesty's 
Orders, on my Part, be aiding & assisting, to the s'l 
James Pitcher Esqf, in the Execution of his Duty. 

I have read yours, Sf, of the 26: of Octf past, with 
the most sedate Attention, to every Article, contain'd 
in it, — & I shall summon, His Majesty's Council, to 
meet me here, as soon as they can; most of them, be- 
ing at Distances, of 20 to 50 Miles, & the Roads very 
difficult in the Winter season; when they come. 1 
shall communicate to them, the Letters 1 have rec'! 



1754] ADMINISTK.VTTOX OF GOVERNOK BELCHER. 77 

from you, & ask their Advice as to what can be done, 
at present, for his Majesty^: Service, & Honour, in 
such an important Exegency, & whether it may be 
expedient, & of any Utihty, in the Affair, to call the 
Assembly together, who have been lately sitting, on 
this very affair. 

As to my own sentiments, I must in Duty & Fidel- 
ity, to His Majesty, say, I have little or no hope, or 
Expectation, that the Assembly of this Province, will 
afford any Aid, or assistance, till they receive a full 
answer, to the Petition they lately sent, to be laid be- 
fore His Majestv in which they propose, to grant to 
His Majesty's Use & Service, in this Matter, the Sum 
of about Six thousand Pounds St!' 

I shall therefore, be impatiently expecting, His 
Majesty's Determination on the said Petition, & His 
further Orders, in this great Occasion. — & I shall in 
the mean Time, be punctually corresponding with the 
King's Governours, of the neighbouring Provinces, in 
every way & Mannei-, that may contribute to His Ma- 
jesty's Honour, & Interest. 

I have, Sf, the quickest & strongest sense of His 
Majesty's Paternal Regard, for these Parts of His 
Dominions, so that I need no stimulating, for pressing 
this Assembly, to their Duty; but after all, the Grant 
of Money & Supplies, is with them. 

As anything new & material, may occur, in this 
capital Affair, in this Province, I shall be duly writing 
you. 

I have the Honour to be, with great Deference and 
Regard, Honourable Sir, 

Your most obedient, & most humble Servant, 

J. Belcher. 



78 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BKLCHER. [1754 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade^ 
ivith answers to certain queries relating to the 
present state and condition of New Jersey. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. 8. 1. 4.] 

To THE Lords of Trade 

ELizt Town (N J) Dec^ 28 1754 
My Lords 

I have for several Months past, had lying before me, 
a Number of Queries, rec^ formerly, from Your Lord- 
ships Board, respecting the State & Circumstances, of 
this Province, & into which, I have been inquiring with 
all the Care and Thought, I possibly cou'd, of such 
Persons, in the several Parts of the Province, as I 
judged capable, of giving me, the best Information ; & 
to this, joining my own Observations, for several Years 
past, I have now made Answer, to each Query, in the 
most Intelligent, & best manner I can, & have the 
Honour to inclose them, to your Lordships. 
I am with great Eespect, 

My Lords, Your Lordships 

Most Obedient, & most Humb? Servf 

J Belcher. 

Queries From the Board of Trade.- to Jona- 
than Belcher Esq:, Governour of New 
Jersey. 

Query 1 What is the Situation of the Province, 
under Your Government ( The Nature of the Coun- 
try ? Soil ? ite Climate ? the Lattitude and Longitude, 
of the most considerable Places in it t or the neighboring 
French, or Spanish Settlements i have those Lattitudes 
been settled by good Observations, or only by common 
Computation '( and from whence are the Longitudes 
computed ? 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 79 

Aiiswer The Bounds express'd in the Deed from the 
Duke of York, to the Proprietors of New Jersey, in 
the Year 1664, 1674, 1680, & 1682-3, best answer this 
Question, & they are these, 

"All that Tract of Land, adjacent to New England, 
"& lying & being, to the Westward of Long Island, 
"& Manhattans Island, & bounded on the East part, 
"by the main Sea, & Part by Hudson's River, & hath 
" upon the west Delaware Bay, or River, extending 
"southwards, to the main Ocean as far as Cape May, 
"at the Mouth of Delaware Bay & to the Northward, 
" as far as the North ermost Branch, of the said Bay, or 
"River, which is in 4P 40' of Latitude & crosseth over 
"thence, in a streight Line, to Hudson's River, in 41 
"of Latitude." 

The southermost Part of New Jersey, to wit, much 
the greatest Parts, of the Counties of Cape May, — 
Gloucester, — Cumberland, Burlington, & Monmouth 
are Pine & barren, sandy Lands, also a considerable 
Part, of Middlesex County, is of the same Nature; tho* 
each of those Counties, have a considerable Quantity 
of good Arable Land; the Counties of Bergen, Essex, — 
Somerset, — Salem, — & Hunderton, & the northermost 
part of Middlesex, & Burlington, are generally good 
arable, & meadow land, yielding great Quantities of 
Grain, of all kinds, & Cattle. 

The County of Morris was lately divided, into two 
Counties, viz:, Morris & Sussex, are chiefly mountain- 
ous, rocky Land, which yields plenty of Iron Ore, & 
Timber; & there are now three Furnaces within them, 
which yield, a considerable Quantity, of Pig Iron, & a 
great Number, of Forges, for melting Bar Iron, of the 
Pigs, & a considerable Number of Forges, or Bloom- 
eries, which make Bar Iron, out of the Oar; These 
Counties, are so well timber'd, that they can supply 
Coal enough, for a long Time, for those, & many other 
Ii'on Works. 



80 ADMIXrSTRATlOX OF GOVERNOK BELCHER. [1754 

The Line between N: York, & N: Jersey, cuts whats 
caird, the drowned Lands, esteemed about 20,000 
Acres, leaving about three Miles thereof, in N: 
York, and about ten Miles thereof, in Sussex County, 
in N: Jersey; which, by Reason of the Disputes, 
about the Line, have hitherto, been of no Use, to 
either Province, but were the Line settled, & those 
Lands drained, (which its suppos'd might be done for 
about £1000 Charge, in widening and deepning the 
Mouth of the River, that runs thro' them, ) its suppos'd 
they would be fit, for raising Hemp, which with the 
Iron, that Sussex County can make, might greatly en- 
large the Exportation of those Commodities, to Great 
Britain. 

The Climate of N: Jersey, is good & healthy, tho" 
some Places there are, subject to Fevers & Agues, in 
the Fall of the Year, & to Plurisies, in the Spring; but 
as the Country has been clear'd, & Marishes drain'd, it 
has grown more & more healthy. 

By the 6: Vol:, of the Abridgement of the Philo- 
sophic Transactions, Pag: 414 2'}, the Latitude of N.- 
York, is said, to have been formerly determined, 41° 
40', but that is esteem'd only a round Number, from 
many Observations, that have been made, it is nearest 
40° 42'; & in the same Book, pag: 414, & in the follow- 
ing page, (calld 413) the Longitude of N: York, is by 
Observations, computed to be 4'' h'o^ or 74' 4' west 
from London; N: York is situated on the southermost 
Part, of Manhattan's Island, in Hudson's River, which is 
Part of the East Boundary, of N: York; &, from N: 
Yoi'k, N: Jersey may extend is Northward, upon 
Hudson*: River. 

In the year 1719, the Latitude of 41" 40', upon Dela- 
ware, was settled by Commissioners, & Surveyors, 
appointed by N: York, & N: Jersey, by Virtue of Acts 
of Assembly, of both Provinces, & certified by them, 
by Tripartite Indentures, under the Hands & Seals, of 



1754J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 81 

all, as the north Partition Point, between East N: 
Jersey & West N : Jersey, and a Line was run, & 
mark'd by order, of the Commissioners, & Surveyors, 
to Hudson's River, & many Observations, were then 
taken, by several Surveyors, for discovering the Lati- 
tude of 41 on Hudson's River, & tho' the Surveyors, 
had Observations enough for discovering & Setthng it, 
yet it was finally settled, by Deed, as the north Parti- 
tion Point was, & it remains unsettled, to this Day; 
as to the other Parts of N: Jersey, the Longitudes & 
Latitudes thereof, Lewis Evansf Map points them out. 

2. What are the reputed Boundaries? & are any 
parts thereof, disputed? what Parts? — & by whom? 

.1. The Reputed Boundaries, of N; Jersey from the 
Year 1664, untill this last Year were according to the 
Bounds, describ'd in the Deeds thereof, under the 
Answer, to the first Question; always esteem'd to ex- 
tend, from the Latitude of 41° 40', on Delaware River, 
to the Latitude 41 on Hudson? River; but last Year, & 
this, the Owner of twoN: York Patents, of Minisink& 
Wawaganda, have made sundry Pretences, to the con- 
trary, to justifie some Incroachments, they had made, 
on N: Jersey; by which Pretences, they denied the Lati- 
tude 41° 40', to be a mutual Limitation, on Delaware, 
between the two Provinces, of N: York & N: Jersey, 
& as by one of these Pretensions, on the Part of New 
York, it was endeavour'd to carry New York, above 
•sO Miles down, into New Jersey, so in Answer, on the 
part of N: Jersey, it was endeavour'd to show, that 
laying aside, the Limitation of the Latitude of 41° 40', 
as attempted on the Part of N: York, the Words of the 
Deed, of N: Jersey, must carry it, to the Head of Del- 
aware; which is above 80 Miles, above the Latitude of 
41" 40', especially as the Deeds, of New Jersey, are all 
from one Subject, to other Subjects; — the Proprietors 
of New Jersey, have expended several thousands of 
Pounds, in endeavouring to have the Line settled; & 
6 



8? ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERISrOR BELCHEB. [1754 

on the other Hand, the Assembly of N : York, has ex- 
pended, near as much, of the Money of that Province, 
in obstructing the Settlement, of the Line; the En- 
deavours of both Sides, appear by a Memorial, of the 
Council, of the Proprietors of East N: Jersey, of Nov^ 
20: 1753 & by sundry Papers, annex'd to it, from N? 1, 
to 17 Inclusive, all printed in 59 Pages, folio; to which 
I refer, for the Reasons of this dispute; I having al- 
ready sent sf Papers, to Your Lordships. 

3. What is the Constitution of the Government? 

A. Its nearly the same, as that of N: York, viz. A 
Governour and twelve Councellors, appointed by the 
Crown; & twenty four Representatives, chosen by the 
People, to represent them, in the Legislature, 

The Proprietors of New Jersey, exercised the Gov- 
ernment, from 1664 to 1702, when they Surrendered 
their Government, to the Crown; & before the Sur- 
render a Sett of Instructions were settled, & agreed 
on, between the Crown, & the Proprietors, for the 
better Preservation, of their Properties: which In- 
structions, have been duly continued, to all Governours, 
of N: Jersey, ever since the s'! Surrender; & the Dif- 
ference, between the Constitution, of N: York, & N: 
Jersey, chiefly consists, in those Instructions. 

4. What is the Trade of the Province^ The Number 
of Shipping? — Their Tonnage^ — And the Number of 
Seafaring men? — with the respective increase, or Dimi- 
nution, within ten Years past? 

A. The Exports in Trade, are in Provisions & Lum- 
ber, exported to Europe, & the West Indias; carried 
on by about twenty Vessels; their Burthen about fif- 
teen hund'l Tuns; & navigated by about, one hund'' & 
sixty Men; very little Increase, in the Trade, for ten 
Years past. 

5. What Quantity, & Sorts, of British Manufactury 
do the Inhabitants annually take from hence? 

A. It is computed, that the Province takes from 



1754] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 83 

Great Britain, in Woollens, — Cutlary, — Haberdashiry, 
— Braisery, — Hats, — East India Goods, — annually, to 
the Value of twenty five thousand Pounds Sterling; 
but this is guess Work, & a certain, for an uncertain 
Sum. 

B. What Trade has the Province, under your Gov- 
ernment, with any foreign Plantations? or any part of 
Europe, besides Great Britain? — How is that Trade 
carried on? — What Commodities do the People under 
your Government, send to, or receive from foi-eign 
Plantations? 

A. The Trade except to Great Britain, is chiefly 
(carried on, by N: York, & Phil');) is confined to Lisbon, 
Cadiz, Gibralter. the western and Canary Islands, & 
to Ireland; & the Commodities sent from hence, are as 
in the Answer to the fourth Query; — there is no Trade, 
carried on from hence, witli foreign Plantations, but 
what is illicit, & clandestine; & I beheve, very little 
of that. 

7. What Methods are thei-e used, to ])revent illegal 
Trade? — and are the same effectual? 

A. His Majesty has three Collectors, of the Cus 
tomes, viz. at the Ports of Burlington — Perth Amboy, 
— tfc Salem, who, (by all I can learn) are faithfuU & 
diligent, in their duty; & yet, as there are many 
Creeks, & Rivers, at Distances fn^m them, illegal 
Trade may be carried on. beyond their Power, to pre- 
vent it. 

s. What is the natural Product of the Country? 
Staple Commodities, & Manufactures? & what Value 
thereof, in Sterling Money, may you annually export? 

A. The natural Product, & Staple Commodities, of 
the Province, are Timber, (as Oak, — Pine, — Cedar 
Walnut, & many other Sorts;) Beef,— Pork, — Mutton; 
Flaxseed, —Rye, — Wheat, — Barley, & Oats, & of these 
things, may be exported Annually, perhaps about 
thnty Thousand Pounds Sterling. 



84 ADMINISTIIATIOX OF GOVERXOR BELCHER. [1754 

9. What Mines are there? 

A There are many valuable Mines, both of Rock, & 
bog Iron Ore, & three very valuable Ones, of Copper; 
& of these Sorts of Mines, new Discoveries are made, 
every now & then. 

10. What are the Number of Inhabitants, Whites & 
Blacks? 

A It is computed, there may be, of Whites nearest 
Eighty Thousf Souls; of Blacks, scarce fifteen hundf; 
but as to these things, Your Lordships must imagine, 
they are pretty much, conjectural. 

11 Are the Inhabitants increased or decreased within 
the last ten Years? — how much? — & for what Reasons. 

A It is thought by the best Judges, the Inhabitants 
of the Province, are mcreas'd, in the last ten Years, 
above fifteen thousand Souls, — & which may be attri- 
buted, to the healthyness of the Climate, & to the 
Province's being safeguarded, northeastward with N: 
York, & w^est with Pensylvania, & therefore the less 
expos'd 10 the Indian Enemy; & so the Inhabitants, 
not drawn out, (as from other Provinces,) in Times of 
War. 

12 What is the Number of the Militia^ 

A This I judge may be upwards of ten Thousand, 
effective men, (from sixteen to sixty,) there are eleven 
Regiments, in the Province; to the several Colonels 
whereof I have lately issued, my Orders, for a General 
Muster, & a strict Scrutiny; & am expecting, their 
several Returns, whereby I may be enabled, to give 
Your Lordships, a more certain. & pai'ticular Answer, 
to this Query. 

13 What Forts & Places of Defence are theie, within 
your Government? — & in what Condition? 

A Not one Fort, or Place of Defence, (that 1 know 
of) in the whole Province, nor ever has been. 

14 What Number of Indians have you?— t'fe how are 
are they inclin'd ? 

A The Indians are mostly retired, back into the 



l?o4] AOMIXISTKA I ION' OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 85 

Wilderness; but very few remaining, in this Province, 
I believe hardly one hundred Families, & they in small 
Divisions, & at remote Distances, one from another; 
what there are, behave peaseably, & in good Order. 

15 What is the Strength, of the Neighbouring 
Indians? 

A The Six Nations, (^Alhes of the Crown of Great 
Britain) are the most Neighbouring Indians, to this 
Province; but with whom, we have no Trade, or Com- 
merce, so that it wou'd be only guess Work, for me to 
say, their Numbers, but of this, Yom- Lordships may 
have the best, & most particular Ace? , from the Gov- 
ernm* of N: York, who are constantly conversing, & 
commercing with them. 

16 What is the Strength, of your Neighbouring 
Europeans? — French or Spaniards? 

A There are no French, or Spaniards, bordering on 
this Province, which (as before) is inclos'd between N : 
York, on the northeast and Pensylvania, on the west, 
so that this Query, can be more properly ansf, by them, 
but I humbly concieve, the just state of that Matter, 
made by the Commissioners, at the Congress at Al- 
bany, in July last, renders all other Answers, to this 
Question, needless. 

17 What Effect, have the French, or Spanish Settle- 
ments, on the Continent of America, upon His Majes- 
ty? Plantations? — especially on your Province? 

A What I have said, in answer to the immediately 
preceding Query, may serve in Part, for an Answer to 
this; but the coiitinual Incroachments, made by the 
French, on His Majesty's Territories, in North Amer- 
ica, as on the River Ohio, & the cruel Depredation & 
Mm'ders, committed there, & in other Places, may 
serve as an additional Answer; altho* indeed, these 
Things, have at present but distantly affected this 
Province, (^in a particular Manner). 

18 What is the Revenue, arising within your Gov- 
ernm' ? And how is it appropriated? 



S6 ADMINTSTRATION OF GOVRRNOR BELCHER. [1754 

A There is not at present, (or ever has been, that I 
can learn,) any stated Revenue, to the Crov^n, in this 
Province, but the Govf, Council, & Assembly make a 
fresh Grant every Year, to His Majesty for the Sup- 
port of the Government, and it is rais'd, by a Tax. 

19 What are the Ordinary & Extraordinary Ex- 
penses of your Government? 

A The Expenses of this Government, (ordinary & 
extraordinary) from my Arrival, to this Time, (up- 
wards of Seven Years,) have not been (communibus 
annis) eleven hundred Pounds Sterling. 

20 What are the Establishments, Civil & Military, 
within your Government? — & by what Authority, do 
the Officers hold their Places i 

A The Civil Officers, are appointed thus, — 

The Secretary by Letters patent, under the great 
Seal, of Great Britain. 

The Collectors, for the Kings Customs, by Warrants, 
from the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. 

The other Civil Officers, of the Province, by the 
Governour & Council, under the Seal of the Province, 
tested by the Governour. 

There are no regular Forces, or Military Establish- 
ments, in this Province; — but only Regiments, of com- 
mon, or ordinary Militia; the Officers whereof, are 
appointed, by Commissions, from the Governour, 
under his Hand & Seal, at Arms, 

The foregoing, is humbly offer'd, to yoiu- Lordship^; 
(Inspection & more particular Information,) by 

My Lords, Your Lordships 

Most obedient, & Most humble Serv* 

J. Belcher. 
Eliz^ Town (New Jersey) 
Decern'?'" 27: 1754 

To the Right Honourable, The Lords Commissionei's, 
for Trade & Plantations. 



1754] ADMINISTRATION OF aOVERXOR REL( ITEE. 



Opinion of Counsellor Belcher— as to Bills of Credit 
being made Legal Tenders in New Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. 7, H. ai.\ 

Objec: ag^* the Act relating to Bills of Credit in 
Tenders for paym*^ being obligatory. 

Reply The Clause relating to Tenders is of absolute 
consequence to the Credit & currency of the Bills of 
New Jersey for to make the Bills current & yet to 
leave all psons at liberty to accept or refuse them in 
Tenders as they think proper, is in effect to establish 
y^ End without the means & altho' y*" Act has a retro- 
spect to all past Contracts, yet it obliges y* Creditor to 
no more than what he w'' have been bound to, even at 
Comnicm Law by former Acts of that Province, & by 
y" reasons & policy of every civil Gov'"mt, it must be 
granted that Parties have no Original Right to stipulate 
contracts m contradiction & defiance of the Laws of a 
whole Comunity, for its a Universal Maxim & must 
extend to all Political Constitutions Convent io privu- 
torum Juri Publico n unquani potest derogare ;" & its 
plain that Contracts of this nature fly in y"^ face of the 
Province & y'' Legislature there, for whilest former 
Acts of Assembly approved by his Maj'.^ have declared 
in y*^ same manner as y" Act in question, that y'' Bills 
of the Province shall have Credit & be current w*'' 
every private pson & shall be accepted in all Tenders 
whatever, These Contracts declare that they shall have 
no credit, shall not be curr' & that a Tender & refusal 
of them shall not be a Legal payni; It can hardly be 
alledged at Comon Law that an obligor to a Bond con- 
ditioned for paym' in Foreign Coin ( w"' respect to 
New Jersey all money except y'' curr' Bills of y'' 
Province must be deem'd foreign) sh' not at y day 
of paym* be at liberty to make Tender Moneta Legali 
Anglice, & that a refusal of such a Tender W' not 



88 ADMiNtSfRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER, [1754 

amount to paym', The Language of y' Reports & 
Lawbooks is quite otherwise, & in Daviss Reports 
p: IS its expresly declared that if a ffeofm' upon 
Condition (or Mortgage) is made at a time when 
purer or more weighty Metal is curr', & before y*" 
day of paym\ Coin of a baser Alloy is estabhshed 
by Proclama, ye Mortgagor shall be at liberty to 
make tender of y' baser Coin & shall be good, Tho' 
y'' Contract was made while a more valuable Money 
was curr\, & y* Creditor depended upon paym!^ in y' 
same Specie. The Law is by no means ex post Facto 
because former Acts as effectually establish'd y' Credit 
of y* Subsisting Bills & as much obhg'd all parties to 
accept them in Tenders as y*^ present; & if Contracts 
have been enf^ into since y^ making of former Acts to 
y' exclusion of y* curr' money of y' Province in paym'', 
such Contracts can hardly be thought valid & originally 
binding upon y*= Obligor as they are directly opposite 
to y" Law of y® Province, & Quod contra Legam fac- 
tum est pro infecto hahetur.^' This Clause of Tenders 
is merely declaratory of former Acts & of y'' Law of 
New Jersey in other Cases, or rather y^ Clause has no 
operation at all, since former Acts are still in being, & 
this Clause makes no new provision & does but express 
what former subsisting Acts had done before; what is 
imply'd in y' very consent of y'^ People by their Repre- 
sentatives to y' currency of y*" Bills or in y' Authority 
of y^ Legislature to give them a Credit & circulation: 
Expressio eorum quce Tacite in sunt nihil operatur.'''' 
The Clause cant be said to establish any new Contract 
between Man & Man or to release parties from Con- 
tracts they had ent' into previous to y'' act it self, but 
y'' Obligees (doubtless from an Advantage over y^ nec- 
essity of their Obligors) have obtained Bonds Condi- 
tiond for paym' in a particul' Specie to y* Exclusion of 
y'' curr' money of y' Province contrary to y'' Law^ of y" 
Land to y' reason & nature of things And w"" sh'^' they 
once bind, must bring their Money into absolute dis- 



1755] A DMINIStR.VTIOlsr OF UOVERN'OH BELCHER. 89 

credit & (from y" great Scarcity of Silver, Gold & other 
Coin in the Province) throw y*^ debtor into inexpressible 
difficulties & make it impossible for him ever to dis- 
charge his Contract; the nature of y*" contract remains 
the same (even upon supposition y' former Acts had 
not made y'' same provision for Tenders as y*" present) 
for y' Clause does not make a direct condition of the 
Bond collateral to y' Bond it self, It only requires y" 
Parties shall receive Lawful Money in Lieu of Lawful 
Money; that instead of 17. ounces 10 penny weight of 
Silver; they shall receive Six pounds equal to 17: 
ounces 10 penny weight of Silver & if this is to change 
y' nature of Contracts, then all Acts of Parliam' & 
Proclama^ here that make foreign coin in y" current & 
Lawful money of y' Realm, change y" nature of pre- 
vious Contracts, for there can be no doubt y' a Tender 
of such money will be good in all paym'* even of Stipu- 
lations before those Statutes or Proclamaf If a refusal 
of these BiUs in private contracts sh'' be allowed it 
must be destructive of y'' Pubhc Faith, & y" Medium 
of Commerce in y* Province, & render their credit w''' 
y^ Inhab'.* intirely precarious & uncertain. 



Letter from James Alexander to Ferdinand John 
Paris — relating to the action of the Council of New 
York on questions affecting the boundary Line. 

[From copies among the mamiscripts of W. A. Whitehead, Vol. IV, compared 
with an original among the Paris Papers in N. J. Hist. Society Library, Bun- 
dle K. No. 8.] 

To Ferd. John Paris, Esq'* London 

New York January 2'' 1755 

Sir (Extract.) 

* * ^ * * * Qj^ ^\^Q j^jii. Qf December the 

Council of New York broke Silence at last as to the 
many Applications and referrences to them and made 



90 ADMIXISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

a Report, of which I immediately Demanded a Copy 
from M"; Bangor Clerk of the Council but have not ob- 
tained it to this day — but I have been more Successfull 
with the printer and got some Copies from him 
■■' ■" "■ * "" * whether I shall have time to make 
proper remarks on this Report before this Ship goes I 
know not, other than that they agree not to the pro- 
poseals appearing by the Orders to Coll. Van Camp of 
November 23'? last for the preservation of the Peace 
and Advise Vigorous Measures for Subjecting as much 
as they can of New Jersey to the Jurisdiction of New 
York, how far they would go they take care not to 
Limitt. — if whats thereby advised be attempted, there 
will be an actual warr upon the Borders which when 
once kindled God only knows the End of it the People 
of New Jersey near the Line are Convinced that they 
have a Just Cause and many of them will Soon 
Loose their Lives as give up their Estates to New York 
which they are Satisfied is the Consequence of Submit- 
ting to the Jurisdiction of New York, on the other 
hand the Majority of the People of New York near the 
Line beheve that the Proprietors of Minisink and 
Wawganda - "••■ * '■• * " are in the wrong and 
abhor their proceedings and act only by Compulsion, 
and heavyly Complain of the oppressions they them- 
selves suffer by keeping up a Watch of 25 or 80 Men at 
Coll. Dekeys house and another ^Vatch at Goshen 
Goal, from whence we have reason to hope that the 
People of New Jersey may make them repent the 
kindling of the Warr, if they Attempt it, as I believe 
they will. 

■:f -::- * * * v> j ^^^^ j-^q^ growin Old and by the 

Course of Nature will before long be disabled to give 
the Proprietors of East Jersey such Assistance in 
their Affairs as I have done for many Years past, and 
when I shall be so, then the care of their Affairs (by 



1755] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 91 

what I now see) must Chiefly Devolve upon Gover- 
nour Morris' and my Son. 

We have talkt Severall times at the Council of Pro- 
prietors that you must be well Advanced in Years, and 
of the Difficulties they should be under were they De- 
prived of your Assistance in their Affairs and Espe- 
cially in this Differences with New York wherefore they 
would be well pleased you should give a handsome fee 
to some Gentleman you can Depend upon to take the 
Trouble to inform himself of what you know concern- 
ing their Affairs to assist You in case of Sickness and 
to supply your place in Case of other Disability, for we 
see little prospect of a speedy End to this New York 
Dispute, and if even a Commission were ordered at 
Equall Charge we are apprehensive that as long as our 
Antagonists can by the Assembly have Command the 
purse of the whole Province of New York against us 
that all blocks whatsoever will be laid in the way of 
a Determination in order finally to weary us out, and 
by some base Composition to prevail on us to give up 
great part of our Eights, which neither I nor any 
other (I believe) of the Proprietors has the least thought 
of doing because we are fully Satisfied of the Justice 
of intent we Insist on, which I believe the other side 
cannot with a good Conscience say. 

****** * * * -::- * 

I am Sir Your most humble Serv' 




' Chief Justice Robert Hunter Morris was appointed Governor of Pennsylvania 
May 14tli, 1754, and entered upon his duties in October of that year. See Penn 
Archives, Vol. VI.— Ed. 



92 ADMINISTRATIOX OF ftOVERXOK BELCHER. [1755 



Circular letter front Secretary of State, Sir Thomas 
Robinson, to the Governors in America — notifying 
them of the King^s intention to augment the Regi- 
ments in America. 

IFrom P. R. (). America & West Indies. Vol. 74.) 

Whitehall Janry SSi 1755. 
Circular to the Governors in North America. 

Sir, 

The King, being determin'd that Nothing shall be 
wanting, towards the Support of his Colonies & Sub- 
jects in N° iVmerica, has commanded me to signify to 
you His Majesty's Intention to augment the Regiments 
in British Pay (viz' not only Sir Peter Halkets, & Col 
Dunbar's but, likewise those, which are now employed 
in Nova Scotia,) to the Number of 1000 Men, each; 
to which End, you will correspond with Major General 
Braddock, or the Commander of the King's Forces for 
the time being, from whom you will receive Directions 
for the sending such Contributions of Men, as shall be 
wanting, and to such Places where the same shall be 
quarter'd, or employed, under his Command. 

As there is, probably, a considerable Number of Per- 
sons, as well among the Natives of America, as among 
such Foreigners, who may be arrived there from dif- 
ferent Parts, particularly from Germany, who will be 
capable and willing to bear Arms upon this Occasion; 
the King does not doubt, but that you will be able by 
Care and Diligence, to effect this intended Augmenta- 
tion, and to defray the Charge of levying the Same 
from the Common Fund, to be established for the 
Benefit of all the Colonies collectively in N" America, 
pursuant to His Majesty's Directions, signified to you, 
by my Letter, of the 26"' of October last, for that pur- 
pose: And as an Encouragement to all such Persons 



1?55] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 93 

who shall engage in this Service, it is the King's In- 
tention (Which you will assure them, in His Majesty's 
Name) that they shall receive Arms and Cloathing, at 
the King's Expence, and that they shall not only be 
sent back, (if desir'd) to their respective Habitations 
when the Service in America, shall be compleated & 
ended, but shall be entitled, in every respect, to the 
same Advantages with those Troops which may be 
already raised in Consequence of your former Orders. 

I am &c? 

T. Robinson. 



Message of Governor Belcher to the New Jersey 
Assembly. 

(From N. Y. Col. MSS. in Secretary of State's Office. Albanj-. Vol. LXXX. | 

Gentlemen of the General Assembly. 

Since the opening of this Session I have received the 
following Letters from Mr. Shirley Gov' of His Maj- 
esty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land dated Boston Feb' 7: 1755. & another from Mr. De- 
Lancy L Govf of His Majesties Province of New York 
dated Feb'; 22'? 1755. both of them enclosing the sev- 
eral Acts of those Provinces for prohibiting the Ex- 
portation of Provisions &,"'•': to any of the French Colo- 
nies in America in this time of imminent danger from 
the French & wliich I think are so prudent & reasona- 
able that I have no doubt of your readily falling into 
an act of the same Nature. 

And further I hope you will by an Addition to the 
Militia Act enable me to send a good number of men 
to New York f r their Assistance & Relief in Case 
they should be attak'd by the French who if they 
should succeed in it will soon make a Prey of this 

Neighbouring Province 

J. Belcher. 
Eliz^ Town Febv: 26: 1755. 



94 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1756 



Action of the Assembly thereon. 

Ordered that M' Johston & M' Holmes do wait on 
his Excellency & acquaint him that this House hav- 
ing taken the important Matters recomended in his 
Excellencys Message of the 2<i: inst: Into their most 
Serious Consideration are of Opinion that if the City 
of New York shou'd be attacked by the French His Ex- 
cellency may by a legal Construction of the Militia Act 
now in Being "send a good number of men for their 
Assistance and Relief," not only from the words of the 
Act but from the Reason of the thing it being certain 
that if such an Invasion should succeed, it must 
greatly affect the Inhabitants of this Province who are 
therefore in several parts as actually Interested in op- 
posing such an Invasion as if it was attempted on some 
part of this Province 

And that as to the Article i^elating to the Prohibition 
of Provisions &c'': This House had before they re- 
ceived: His Excellencys Message gone into the neces- 
sary Measures for making an effectual Bill for the 
Purposes recomended which with the other Bill that 
we have passed this Session we hope may receive His 
Excellency's Assent when laid before Him,' 

By Order of the House 

Abr"" Clark, Jun, Clk. 
Feb' '11: 1755. 



'The Bill at length is on record in Secretary of State's Office at Albany, Vol. 
LXXX. 



1755] ADMIN ISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 95 



Memorial of Richard Partridge to the Lords of 
Trade, relating to the New Jersey Bill for Emit- 
ting £70,000 in Bills of Credit, etc. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 7. H. 61.] 

To the Lords Commissioners for Trade & 
Plantations 

The Memorial of Richard Partridge Agent for 
the Colony New Jersey humbly Sheweth 

That your Memorialist begs leave further to lay be- 
fore you the following Observations relating to the 
New Jersey Bill for emitting £70,000 in Bills of Credit 
which the Assembly of the said Colony conceived to be 
as nearly conformable to the Terms of the Eoyal In- 
struction sent over to their Governor last year for issu- 
ing £60,000 as they could well come into. 

That the principal Objection which your Memorialist 
humbly apprehends to the passing the present £70,00(t 
Bill is, that the Bills of Credit are thereby to be made 
legal Tenders in payment contrary to the said Eoyal 
Instruction, & which according to a Resolution of the 
House of Commons of the 25"' April 1740 is "Declared 
"to be a frustrating the Act of the O"" of Queen Ann 
"for ascertaining the Rates of Foreign Coin in the 
' ' Plantations and to have been a great discouragment 
•"to the Commerce of this Kingdom by occasioning a 
' • Confusion in dealings & a lessening of Credit in 
"those parts tfec. 

In answer to which your Memorialist conceives that 
unless the Act for the Emission now prayed for be 
made as to the said Bill Stands with the condition in it 
as usual for the said Money Bills to be lawfull Tenders 
in payments there will be Uttle or no probability of 
their being lent out on the Security of the Lands 



06 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

which is to be double the Value as it is Stipulated by 
the Act, or if there should; yet on the Terms of the 
said Bills being restrained as not Legal Tenders, it will 
tend greatly to depreciate their value & consequently 
make a wide difference in the Exchange much exceed- 
ing what can be imagined, and quite defeat the good 
purposes intended by the Act, & will not only be a 
great discouragement to the Inhabitants there, but 
prejudicial to the British Merchants here, who Trade 
to those parts 

That the aforesaid Resolution of the House of Com- 
mons was very probably come into merely on the great 
Complaints there were at that time against the four 
Colonies of New England when the difference of Ex- 
change on their Money bills arose to a very extrava- 
gant Eate; for altho' the accounts of the State of 
Paper Currency of all the Northern Colonies were 
called for by Parliament, yet in looking over the Votes 
about that time, it appears there was a petition to the 
House of Commons from Era* Wilks & Ch'' Kilby the 
Massachusetts Agents representing the distressed Con- 
dition that Province was in for want of a New Emis- 
sion on diverse occasions, praying to be heard in 
relation to the State of the i^aper Currency before the 
House came to any Eesolution therein, and that one of 
them was examined at the Bar accordingly; But there 
was not the least Complaint against Pennsylvania or 
New Jersey on that head whose Money Bills were 
always of such Credit that their Exchange scarce 
differ'd 40 p Cent in forty Years, neither was there 
then any opposition to the proceedings of the House 
by either of the said Provinces by Petition or other- 
wise, and therefore is humbly hoped from the known 
Justice of the House of Connnons that they ^vould not 
intend by their said Resolution to envolve the Inno- 
cent with the Gilty especially without hearing them in 
their defence. 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 97 

That it is presumed the Bills of Credit of New Jersey- 
are of equal Credit & Reputation & maintained as in- 
avariable a Currency as those of Pensilvania in all 
respects, which is a fact acknowledged by every body 
whom your Memoriahst hath conferred with ac- 
quainted with those Provinces,— & it is further evident 
that the aforesaid Resolution of the House of Com- 
mons in 1740 could not properly, or in any Degree 
affect New Jersey as to the fallowing words mentioned 
therein viz That the said Bills of Credit have been 
a great discouragement to the Commerce of this King- 
dom by occasioning Confusion in delays and lessening 
of the Credit in those parts. For that the Merchants 
themselves here in London Trading to Pensilvania &c'^ 
in their Petition to the House of Commons incerted in 
the Votes of the 22'! March 174s say expressly (among 
other matters) '■'That such paper Bills (meaning Pen- 
silvania Bills) ''having been issued there in an advan- 
' ' tageous manner and under real Security, & the Fund 
"not misapply'd, the Petitioners apprehend the same 
"have greatly Contributed not only to the setthng of 
' ' that Colony, and to the Convenience of People there 
"as a Medium in dealings amongst themselves, but 
"have also enabled them to send hither their Gold & 
"Silver, & thereby to enlarge their Trade with this 
" Kingdom, and to take off much greater quantities of 
" Goods and Manufactures from hence then otherwise 
"they could have done, & that the said paper Bills 
"have not as the Petitioners conceive been Injurious 
" to any person whatever." 

And moreover it is humbly apprehended that the 
said Resolution of 1740 ought not now to affect either 
of the said two Provinces because when the State of 
the paper Money in the Northern Colonies came under 
their consideration in the year 1748 &. 1750 the House 
of Commons after a more Strict Examination of that 
Affair in general, they did not fault either of the said 
7 



98 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BKLCHER. [1755 

provinces of Peusilvania or new Jersey in the least, 
but in 1750 passed an Act to Regulate and restrain 
paper BiUs of Credit & to prevent the "same being 
" legal Tenders in payments of Money; Confirming the 
' ' said Act of the four new^ England Governments only 
"viz the Massachusetts, New Hanishire, Connecticut, 
" and Rhode Island." 

That as an other Condition in the said Instruction to 
the Governor that the Interest arising from Loan of 
the BiUs should "during their Continuance be appro- 
" priated to all the EstabUshed and contingent Services 
' ' of Government, and be issued by warrant from the 
" Governor and Council only.'' 

To which youi' Memorialist would observe that altho 
the Appropriation of the said Interest money be not 
mentioned in that manner in the present Bill yet the 
same is all appropriated for Public Services of the 
Colony; And that the said established and contingent 
Services of Government, such as paying the Governors 
Salary & house Rent, as also the Salaries of the Judges, 
the Council the Attorney General, the Treasurer, the 
Several Clerks, their Agent &c* all which amount to 
be but about £3000. Currency must undoubtedly of 
Com-se be raised by a particular Act by it self, as was 
done in the 26*'' year of the present King which com- 
menced from the 21. of November 1752 & ended the 
21 of May 1754— And respecting the warrants for issu- 
ing the Money for the said Contingent Services to be 
from the Governor and Council only. 

Your Memoriahst humbly hopes that the Assembly 
shaU not now be abridged of the Priviledge which they 
have all along hitherto enjoy'd in that respect of hav- 
ing a Share in the Disposition of the pubhck Money 
ever since the Resignation of their Charter to the 
Crown, Especially in as much as it appears by a Re- 
port of the Lords'^ of Trade dated 2 Ocf, 1701. To the 
then Lords Justices, that part of the Terms proposed 



1755] AD>tIXISTI{ATI<")V OK r.OVEKXOH liKI.f 'II KK. 'J'.l 

in the Surrender are ''for securing to the proprietors 
" and Inhabitants all their properties & Civil Eights in 
'' as full and ample manner as the like are enjoyed by 
" any Plantation under Governors appointed by liis 
'' Majestys imediate Commission." 

That as to the other Condition proposed by the said 
Royal Instruction for Transmitting a Draught of the 
Bill before the Governor be allowed to give his assent 
to it; It is complied with accordingly by the Bill now 
laid before you at the Board. 

That there is a present urgent necessity which the 
Colony is under for raising a Supply to answer what 
has been demanded of them by the Royal Order Signi- 
fied to the Governor by the Earl of Holdernesses Let- 
ter and considering the Assemblys chearfulness in a 
grant to the Crown of Ten Thousand pounds for that 
pm'pose — And that this is the only practicable Method 
of raising the Money, as also for carrying on Trade to 
encourage a Spirit of Industry amongst the people to 
enable the Inhabitants to go on with the improvements 
of their Lands, pay their Taxes to the Government, 
and their just Debts for the British goods & Merchan- 
dize which are consumed among them. That the 
present Troubles in those parts call aloud for an im- 
mediate public Supply — & that there is not now time 
to send over for any alteration in the Bill. 

Your Memorialist therefore humbly prays in behalf 
of the said Colony of New Jersey that you would be 
pleased to Commiserate their Case & to report on the 
said petition to the King in favour thereof as the said 
Bill now stands for his Royal Approbation 

All which is humbly Submitted 

Rich? Partridge 
London 3!* mo: or March 17*!* 1755 



100 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCBER. [1755 



Representation from the Lords of Trade to the King, 
upon the Petition of the House of Representatives 
of New Jersey. 

(From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey Entry, Vol. 15. pp. 437^42.] 

To THE King's Most Excellent Majesty. 
May it please your Majesty, 

We have lately received from M' Richard Partridge 
Agent for your Majesty's Colony of New Jersey, a Pe- 
tition of the House of Representatives of the said Colo- 
ny to your Majesty, humbly setting forth the Reasons 
for which they have thought it inexpedient to frame a 
Bill for emitting Sixty thousand pounds in paper Bills 
of Credit, conformable to the Plan prescribed in the 
Instruction given by your Majesty in April last to 
your Governor of the said Colony, and humbly pre- 
senting to your Majesty the Draught of a Bill which 
they have prepared for making current the sum of 
Seventy thousand pounds in Bills of Credit, and pray- 
ing that your Majesty would be graciously pleased to 
signify your approbation of the said Draught, and per- 
mit your Governor to enact it. We therefore humbly 
beg leave to lay before your Majesty the said Petition 
and Draught of a Bill, and at the same time humbly 
to represent to your Majesty thereupon, 

That in your Majesty's Instruction to your Governor 
of New Jersey, by which your Majesty was graciously 
pleased to allow him to assent to an Act for emitting 
Sixty thousand Pounds in Bills of Credit under cer- 
tain Regulations therein prescribed, the principal 
Points in View were, 

1'^ To Take care, that such Emission was made con- 
formable to the Sense of Parliament, with regard to 
such Bills not being declared to be legal Tenders, so 



1755] ADMIKISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 101 

fully expressed in the Resolution of the House of Com- 
mons of the 25^'' day of April 1740, and in the Act 
passed in the 24"' Year of your Majesty's Reign for re- 
straining Paper Bills of Credit in the four Colonies of 
New England. 

2''° To secure to the Province during the Continu- 
ance of such Paper Bills a certain Establishment for 
the ordinary Support of the Government, which was 
one of the principal purposes for which this Emission 
was represented to be necessary. 

The Assembly however in framing this Bill, tho' 
fuUy apprized of your Majesty's Directions to your 
Governor, have not thought it adviseable to make it 
conformable thereto; The Bills being, by the express 
words of the Act, declared to be legal Tenders in all 
Payments; and the whole of the Interest, except what 
is applied to discharge a Debt incurred on account of 
the expeditions to Canada and Cape Breton in the 
year 174:5 and 174(5. (whi(;h debt was provided for by a 
Fund establish^ by a former Law, which this Bill if 
enacted would repeal,) is directed "to be applied here- 
'•^ after by the Governor Council and General Assem- 
"'bly for the defence of the Fi'ontiers of this and the 
'' neighbouring Colonies on the Continent of America." 

We cannot however omit observing to your Majesty, 
that the Assembly have in one part of this Bill shewn 
a proper Sense of their Duty and attention to your 
Majesty's Commands, by directing the Ten thousand 
pounds proposed to be emitted over and above the 
Sixty thousand pounds allowed by your Majesty, to 
be applied, " as your Majesty shall direct for dispossess- 
" ing the French from your Majesty's Lands on or 
*'near the River Ohio, and foi' keeping Possession of 
'"the same." 

How far this circumstance may in the present situa- 
tion of affairs in North America induce your Majesty 
to permit your Governor or to assent to a Bill, so con- 



102 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

trary in every respect to the Direction of your Majes- 
ty's aforementioned Instruction to him, must be hum- 
bly submitted to youi' Majesty. 
Wliich is most humbly Submitted. 

Dunk Halifax 
J: Grenville 
James Oswald 
R. Edgecumbe 
Whitehall March 19"^ 1Y55 Ex" 



Representation from the Lords of Trade to the King — 
recommending Thomas Poivnall, Esquire, as Lieu- 
tenant Governor of New Jersey. 

I From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey, No. 15, Ent. Book D.. p. «3. | 

To THE Kings most Excellent Majesty. 
May it please your Majesty, 

Jonathan Belcher Esqf Governor of Your Majesty's 
Province of New Jersey being very Old and infirm, 
and there being no Person upon the Spot appointed by 
your Majesty to be Lieutenant Governor of that Pro- 
vince, or any Person properly qualified to take the 
Administration of the Government in case of the 
Death of your Majesty's said Governor, We humbly 
beg leave to propose that Thomas Pownall Esq!" ' may 
be appointed Lieutenant Governor of your Majesty's 



' Thomas Pownall, of Bvertoii House, Bedfordshire, was son of William Pownall. 
Esq., and was boru in 1720. He came first to America as Secretary to Sir Danvers 
Osborne, in 1753. He returned to England in 1755, and through the influence, it is 
presumed, of his brother, the Secretary of the Lords of Trade, was appointed Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of New Jersey, with a view to his succeeding Governor Belcher : 
but as he did not die as soon as was expected, Mr. Pownall was, in 1757, appointed 
Governor of Massachusetts, to succeed Governor Shirley. Governor Belcher, how- 
ever, died the same year, and as Deputy-Governor. Mr. Pownall visited New Jersey 
in order to assume the government of the province, by virtue of his commission cou- 
feiTed in 1755, but as he found it impracticable to retain the administration of both 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 103 

said Province of New Jersey, he appearing to Us to be 
a person every way qualified to serve your Majesty in 
that Station. 

Which is most humbly submitted. 

Dunk Halifax Fra: Fane 

J: Pitt R: Edgcumbe 

J: Grenville Ja: Oswald Ex^ 

Whitehall April 22^ 1T55 



Letter from Oovernor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
transmitting several public documents. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1. 7.| 

To THE Lords of Trade 

ELizf Town (N J) April 28: 1755 
My Lords 

I find I did myself the Honour, of writing your 
Lordships 2S: of Dec'! last past, inclosing Particular 
Answers to sundry Queries, Your Lordships liad sent, 
relating to this Province^ which Letter I hope Your 
Lordships have rec*!, to which, & to many others pre- 
ceding: I shall esteem Your Lordships Answers, at 
your most convenient Leisure. 

In Febru'; last I call'd the Assembly of this Province 
together again, & laid before them, the pressing Ne- 
cessity, of their Joining with the other Provinces, for 



provinces at the same time he returned to Boston. He was subsequently, in 1750. 
nominated Governor of Soutli Carolina, but it does not appear tliat he ever entered 
on the duties of that office. lie became a member of Parliament, and filled at 
different times, several prominent positions. Governor Pownall possessed great 
knowledge of the geography, history and politics of the several American Colonies 
and wrote several works bearing thereupon. He was a member of several learned 
societies, and a contributor for many years to the •'Gentlemen's Magazine." prin- 
cipally of papers relating to archoeologj-. He died at Bath. England, on the twentj- 
fifth day of February, 1805, in the eighty-fifth year of his age. Dr. E. B. O'Cal- 
laghan, N. V. Col. Docts, Vol. VI. p. 100!»; Force's Amer, ArcWves, 4 Series 1, pp. 74, 
1600; Minot's Massachusetts, etc.— Ed. 



104 ADMIXISTKATIOX OF (40VEKN0K BELCHER. [1755 

driving the French from their Incroachments, on His 
Majesty's Territories, on this Continent, and I have 
now the Honour of covering [conveying] to Your 
Lordships, the Particulars of what Pass'd in the si 
Session. ***** ^ * * 

These things, My Lords, will inform you Particu- 
larly of the Publick Transactions, of this Governm' , to 
that Time, & by which Your Lordships will see, the 
Assembly still insisted to have an Answer, to their 
Petition, & Bill they sent to be laid before His Majesty, 
before they wou'd take any Steps of Aid and Assist- 
ance, with the rest of the Colonies, respecting the 
French Incroachments, already mentioned; I wou'd 
therefore humbly Pray Your Lordship, that there 
may be a particular Answer, in that Matter, as soon as 
Your Lordships can conveniently do it. 

These things, notwithstanding, I am glad to tell you, 
that in the Session I have lately held for about eigh- 
teen days past, this Legislature has come into an Act 
for raising five hundred men, at their own Charge, & 
to be under the direction of his Excelly: General Brad- 
dock, & I hope to have the men ready to march, some 
time the next Month, under the Command of Col! 
Peter Schuyler, a very Worthy Gentleman, & on all 
hands agreed to be the most capable of such a Service, 
of any man in this Province. 

And Your Lordships may depend, I shall leave no 
Stone unturn'd, for giving the necessary dispatch, in 
all things, for His Majesty* Honour and Interest, on 
this Emergency. 

I have ordered the SecH to prepare all things, as 
soon as may be, relating to this Session, that I may 
transmit them to Your Lordshi]), to wliom, I have the 
Honour to be, with great Res];ect. 
My Lords, 

Your Lordships Most obedient 

and most humble Servant 

J. Belcher 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 105 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir Thomas Rob- 
inson, Secretary of State — informing him of the 
action upon several letters received from him. 

[From P. R. O. America & West Indies, Vol. 68.] 

Eliz^ Town (N J) April 30 1755 
Sir Thomas Robinson 

Sir, 

Since mine of the 17"' of Dec';, I rec'} the Honour of 
your several! Letters of Nov^ 4:, Dec^ 81:, and two of 
Janua^ 23: last past, the first via Virginia in favour of 
Sir John S\ Clair, whom the King has been pleas'd to 
appoint, deputy Quarter- master Generall, of His Forces 
in N. America, & have in Conformity to the Kings 
Pleasure, given S!' John, the Assurance of aiding and 
assisting him, in the Execution of his duty for the 
King? Service. 

Your two last letters I rec'? by hands of Gov!' Shirley, 
with the Printed Copies of the mutiny Bill, pass'd last 
Year, & the Articles of War founded thereupon, to- 
gether with Copy of a Clause inserted in the mutiny 
Bill, by Parliament, this Session, enacting that all 
Troops in America, whilst in Conjunction with the 
British Forces, under the Command of an Officer 
Bearing His Majesty? immediate Commission, shall be 
liable to the same martial Law and Discipline, as the 
British Troops are. 

I take a very particular Notice, & (as all the Colo- 
nies ought to do, ) with the highest Gratitude, that the 
King has determind that nothing shall be wanting, 
towards the Support of His Colonies & Subjects, in N. 
America to which End His Majesty intended to aug- 
ment the several British Regiments, in these Parts, to 
one Thousand men each, in answer to this, I am oblig'd 
in duty & Fidelity to His Majesty to say, that in This 



106 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

Governm* where I have the Honour to preside, there 
is no Money raised for defraying the Charge of the 
Augmentation, of the British Regiments, the King is 
so graciously indined to; nor is there any Likelyhood 
of the Assembly's raising any Money here towards a 
Common Fund, till they have reef an answer to a Pe- 
tition sent to His Majesty in Novf last, and of which I 
have before wi^ote you; nevertheless if any of the 
British Officers, apply to me, I shall give them Beat- 
ing Orders, throughout this Province, on this head. 

And I am glad, Sr, to inform you that in a Session 
of the Assembly of this Province, held a few Days ago, 
I .prevailed upon them to raise a Regiment of five hun- 
dred men, at their own Expence, to join with the rest 
of the Forces raised in these Colonies, for assisting in 
the General Operation, for His Majesty? Service, in 
the ensuing Summer. — & I shall go on, diUgently pur- 
sueing His Majesty? Honour & Interest, to the utmost 
of my Power, in this Govern ml^ — I am with the 
greatest Deference and Respect, 

Honourable Sir, Your most Faithfull, 

most obedient & most humble Servant 

J Belcher 



Commission of Thomas Poicnall, Esq., as Lieutenant 
Governor of New Jersey. 

I From P. R. O. B. T.. New Jersey. Eiiti-y. Vol. l."). p. 441. | 

By the Lords Justices. 
To Thomas Pownall Esq!" 

Greeting. — We being well iuform'd of your Loyalty, 
Courage and Prudence do l)y these Presents, in His 
Majestys Name, constitute and appoint you to be His 
Majesty's Lieutenant Governor of the Province of 
Nova Ca3sarea or New Jersey in America; To have, 



1755] ADMIXISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 107 

hold, exercise and enjoy the said Place and Office dur- 
ing His Majesty's Pleasure, with all Rights, Privileges 
Profits, Perquisites and Advantages to the same be- 
longing or appertaining: And further in case of the 
Death or Absence of His Majesty's Captain General 
and Governor in chief in and over the said Province 
of New Jersey now and for the time being, We do 
hereby, in His Majesty's Name, authorize and im- 
power you to exercise and perform all and Singular 
the Powers and Directions contained in His Majesty's 
Commission to His said Captain General and Governor 
in Chief, according to such Instructions as are already 
sent or hereafter shall from time to time be sent unto 
him, or as you shall receive from His Majesty and 
from His Captain General and Chief Governor of His 
Majesty's said Province of New Jersey now and for 
the time being: And all and Singular His Majesty's 
Officers and Ministers and other His Majesty's loving 
Subjects of the said Province whom it may concern, 
are hereby commanded in His Majesty's Name to take 
notice hereof, and to give their ready obedience ac- 
cordingly. 

Given at Whitehall the [13th] day of [May] 1755 in 
the Twenty Eighth Year of His Majesty's Reign. 

By Command of the Lords Justices.^ 



' For a summaiy of Mr. Pownall's public career, with references to authorities, 
of Mr. O'Calla^han. see New York Col. Documents, Vol. VI, p. 1000. 



108 ADMIXISTRATJON OF GOVERNOR BELCHER, [1755 



The Lords of Trade to the Lords Justices — relat- 
ing to the boundary line betiveen New York and 
New Jersey. 

I From New York Col. Documents. Vol. VI, p. 9.'j2.J 

To their Excellencies the Lords Justices 

May it please Your Excellencies 

We have had under our consideration, an Act passed 
by His Maj'^'"* Province of New York in December last, 
intituled : 

' ' An Act for submitting the controversy, between 
the Colonies of New York and New Jersey, relating to 
the partition between the said Colonies to the final de- 
termination of His Majesty" — 

And having been attended by M' Charles Agent for 
the Province of New York, and by M' Paris Agent 
for the proprietors of East New Jersey, and heard, 
what each party had to offer upon this Act, we beg 
leave humbly to represent to your Excellencies: 

That the controversy between the provinces of New 
York and New Jersey, concerning the true boundary 
line between them, from which this Act takes its rise, 
has subsisted many years, and various x\cts and pro- 
ceedings have at different times been had, and done 
thereupon, with a view to ascertain this boundary, but 
without effect. In the year 1 748, the Legislature of 
New Jersey passed an Act, entitled: 

"'An Act for running and ascertaining the line of 
partition and division betwixt this Province of New 
Jersey and the province of New York ■" — but it appear- 
ing to us, upon a consideration of this Act after hear- 
ing of the parties interested by their Counsel, that the 
proceedings on which it was founded, being not war- 
ranted by His Maj'- "' Autliority, it could not be effectual 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF ftOVERNOR BELCHER. 109 

to the ends proposed by it, and the object of it being 
to set up an ex parte determination it would be unjust: 
we did in our representation of the is^'^ of July 1753, 
humbly lay it before his Maj'' for his Royal disallow- 
ance, humbly offering it as our opinion, that the only 
method, by which the matter hi dispute could be prop- 
erly and effectually decided, would be, a Commission 
to be issued by His Majesty for that purpose. 

It appears from the letters and papers, which we 
have since received from the Governors of New York 
and New Jersey, that great outrages have from time 
to time been committed on the frontiers of the Two 
provinces, to the prejudice of His Maj'- ' service and 
the disturbance of the public peace: and although va- 
rious propositions have been made by persons author- 
ised on both sides, for determining the controversy, 
yet none of them have had effect, nor is there any 
room to hope that the parties interested will concur 
in any effectual measure for deciding the dispute. 

The Act, which we now humbly lay before your 
Excellencies appears to us to be liable to several ob- 
jections: \it is improper as the method of determination 
which it proposes is unusual and contrary to the con- 
stant practice in cases of the like nature: questions of 
disputed boundary, whereby private property may be 
affected, having never been determined by the Crown 
in the first instance but always by a Commission from 
His Maje*^' with liberty to all parties which shall think 
themselves aggrieved by the Judgement of the Com- 
miss", to appeal to His Maj'- from their decision. It 
is also improper, because, altho" the very object of the 
Act is to submit the matter in dispute, as far as pri- 
vate property is concerned, to the determination of 
His Maj'' yet, it previously ascertains in some degree 
the limits of private Right and property, by declaring 
that certain patentees, therein mentioned shall not ex- 
tend their claims beyond a limit therein described; and 



110 ADMINISTRATION OF (JOVEKKOR BELCHER. [1755 

if it was not liable to these objections, yet it would be 
ineffectual, as the Proprietors of New Jersey, have not 
consented to the method of decision therein proposed. 
For all which reasons we humbly beg leave, to lay the 
said Act before your Excellencies, for your Excellen- 
cies disallowance 

We beg leave further to represent to your Excellen- 
cies, that it appears to us to be of the greatest impor- 
tance to the peace and tranquility of the two Provinces, 
that some certain line of property and Jurisdiction 
should be speedily settled between them, which, as we 
conceive, can only be done by a Commission to be is- 
sued in the same manner and under the same regula- 
tions as that issued in the year 1737, for running the 
boundary between the Provinces of the Massachusetts 
Bay and New Hampshire, with liberty to either party 
who shall think themselves aggrieved, to appeal to His 
Majesty in his Privy Council. The Agent for the 
Proprietors of New Jersey declared himself willing to 
concur in this measure, and has offered to give ample 
security, that the said Proprietors shall and will defray 
one half of the expence of such a Commission, but the 
Agent of New York, not being authorised by his Con- 
stituents has declined entering into such an agreement. 
We would therefore humbly propose to your Excellen- 
cies, that an additional Instruction be given to His 
Maj*-'" GovF of New York directing him to recommend 
it to the Assembly of that province to make provision 
for defraying one half of the expence of obtaining and 
executing such Commission, as aforesaid, whenever 
his Maj'^ shall be graciously pleased to issue it 
All which is most humbly submitted 

Dunk Halifax 
J Grenvillle 
James Oswald 
Fran: Fane 
Whitehall, June 12 1755. 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERI^OR BELCHER. Ill 



Letter from Governor Shirley, of Massachusetts, to 
Secretary Sir Thomas Robinson. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. VI. p. !»53.| 

Boston, New England, June 20"' 1755 
Sir (Extract. ) 

"" * * "'^ " ■'■ '• After I parted w^ith the Gen- 
eral [Braddock in Virginia] I found from the defici- 
ency of Sir William Pepperell's levies that there was 
no prospect of his raising more than 600 men by the 
time, that tlie troops destined for Niagara must begin 
their march, and as two of the Companies of his regi- 
ment were order 'd to be posted at Oswego upon an 
exjDectation tliat the French would attack it which will 
reduce them to 1400 men, and that force would in the 
general opinion as well as ray own be too weak an one 
to secure the pass at Niagara; on my return thro' the 
Government of New Jerseys, I apply 'd to the Assem- 
bly there, which was then sitting to permit the Eegi- 
ment of 500 men which they had lately voted to raise 
for the expedition against Crown Point, to join their 
forces under my command in the reduction of Niagara, 
and prevail'd with them and Gov' Belcher to pass an 
Act for that purpose, by which means my troops were 
augmented to 1 900. " " ^^ * -' ••' " 

I am with the greatest regard Sir 
Your most humble and most obedient servant 

W. Shirley. 
The Right Honourable Sir Thomas Robinson one of 

His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State. 



112 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVKRNOR BELCHER. [1755 

Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
transmitting public documents and a letter from 
Captain Bradstreet. 

fFrom P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, I. 9.1 

Right Hon^3^ Lords Commiss'^' for Trade & 
Plant"" 

My Lords 

My last was on the 28: of April, the Original by way 
of N: York, and its Duplicate by way of Phil.'', carry- 
ing in it all the Particulars, relating to this Govern- 
ment, to that Time, & which I hope your Lordships 
will duly receive. 

Since that, (although many Ships are arrived from 
London,) I have not had the Honour, of any of your 
Lordships, but which I hope I may, at Your own con- 
veniency. I now cover to Your Lordship, what has 
lately occur'd in this Legislature. * * "^ - * * 

I think it my duty, to say to Your Lordships, that 
the Regiment raised in this Province, are a Number of 
as likely men, as (I believe) any that have been rais'd 
for His Majesty's present Service, & have been for 
some time past, at Shenectady, the Place of General 
Randezvous, & from thence they will be marching, in 
conformity to General Braddock's Orders, to Niagara, 
where may God send them well, & give the desired 
Success. 

As anything material comes to my knowledge, re- 
lating to His Majesty's Service, in the present Arma- 
ment on this Continent, I shall do myself the Honour, 
of keeping your Lordships duly acquainted therewith. 

I am in the meantime, & always, with great Respect, 
My Lords, Your Lordships? Most Obedient & Most 
humble Servant 

J. Belchek. 
Eliza: Town (N J) June 27: 1755 



1756] ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 113 

[Enclosed In foregoing.] 

Letter from Captain Bradstreet to Gov. 
Belcher. 

Sir, 

I think it my duty to give you the earliest Notice, 
that in my Way to this Place, Col? Johnston & I ex- 
amined a French man, who deserted from Canada, 
with his wife, who inform 'd us, that the French had 
actually sent nine hundred & fifty men to the Ohio, in 
four Detachments, the last of which he saw at Cata- 
raque, & they pass'd this Place about the Time he ex- 
pected, and that on my Arrival here, the 27: Ins\ I 
made it part of my Business, to examine into the 
Truth of this, from Indians who are constantly com- 
ing here, from all Quarters, who agree entii'ely with 
his Account; since which the Movements & Activity 
of the French, make it still more necessary I should 
lose no time in letting you know what has pass'd, & 
the accounts I have, viz* that on the 25: of this Month, 
twelve Battoes pass'd this place, with men & Pro- 
visions; the 27V' Eleven, & this day Eleven, which 
latter had on board nine small C^annon, & they carry 
one with the other ten men, & I am well informed, 
there are more men preparing to set out from Cata- 
raque, & others daily expected from Mountreal there; 
& the French are using all their Power & Artifice, to 
get as many Indians with them, to oppose General 
Braddock, as they possibly can, & openly declare to 
the Indians, they will send the whole Force of Canada, 
but they will carry their point. 

I must also inform )^ou there are many Indians here, 
& Numbers are daily expected, >k they appear to be 
very attentive to the Proceedings between the French 
& us, and that I concieve there never was a Time, 
when the giving Provisions to such as are in real 
Want, & well chosen Presents to the Principal People, 
8 



114 ADMIIS'ISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1756 

than at this time, & that great Good might, & I be- 
Ueve wou'd result from it. 

I have sent an Express, with, these Accomits, this 
day to the General, across the Country, & have wrote 
to the several Governours from N:York to Virginia 
also. 

I am, Sir, 
Your most obedient humble Servant 
Oswego 29*}' May 1Y55. Jn° Bradstkeet , 

To his Excellency Jonath" Belcher Esq- Govr of New 
Jersey. 



Proceedings of Privy Council — recommending the 
repeal of the Act submitting the boundary dis- 
pute of New Jersey and Neiv York to the final 
determination of the King. 

JFrom N. Y. Col. MSS. in Secretary of State's Office. Albany. Vol. LXXXT. p. in} 

At The Council Chamber Whitehall. 
the 24^ day of June 1755 

Present 

The Lords Justices Lord Chanceller Lord 
Steward Duke of Dorset Sir Thomas Rob- 
inson Lord President Lord Berkeley of 
Stratton Duke of Queenberry Lord Chief 
Justice Ryder Earl of Buckinghamshire 
Sir George Lee. 

^t^hfVfil^ by Commission under the Great Seal of 
Great Britian the Governor Council and Assembly of 
His Majesties Province of New York, are authorized 
and empowered to make constitute and ordain Laws 
Statutes and Ordinances for the Publick Peace Wei- 



1755] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVEEKOR BELCHER. 115 

fare and Good Government of the said Province which 
Laws Statutes and Ordinances are to be as near as 
conveniently may be agreeable to the Laws and Stat- 
utes of this Kingdom and to be transmitted for His 
Majestys Royal Approbation or Disallowance, 

And Whereas in pursuance of the said Powers, An 
Act was passed in the said Province in December 1754 
and transmitted Entitled as follows. Viz* — 

"An Act for submitting the controversy between 
''the Colonies of New York and New Jersey relating 
"to the Partition between the said Colonies to the 
"final Determination of His Majesty." 

Which Act together with a Representation from the 
Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, pro- 
posing the repeal thereof having been referred to the 
Consideration of a Committee of Lords of His Maj- 
estys most Honorable Privy Council for Plantation 
Affairs. The said Lords of the Committee did this 
day Report to the Lords Justices as their opinion, 
That the said Act ought to be repealed — The Lords 
Justices taking the same into Consideration were 
pleased with the advice of His Majesties Privy Coun- 
cil, to declare their Disallowance of the said Act. 
And pursuance to the Lords Justices Pleasure there- 
upon expressed, the said Act is hereby repealed de- 
clared Void and of none effect Whereof the Gover- 
nour or Commander in Chief of His Majesties Province 
of New York for the time being and all others, whom 
it may concern are to take Notice and Govern them- 
selves accordingly. 

W. Sharpe. 



116 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor Morris, of Pennsylvania — Indian affairs, etc. 

[Fi-om Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.J 

Eliz: Town July 9. 1755 
L. Gov. Morris 

Sir 

Last night I rec" your honours favour of the 4: ins' 
and which I have read with Attention & shall take the 
freedom to extract from your Letter what may be 
necessary to send to the Officers in the several Ports 
of this Government to prevent as much as possible the 
Exportation of Provisions for the present & when our 
Assembly meets (next month) I shall earnestly recom- 
mend to them the making a prohibitory Law in this 
Affair. 

I thank you. Sir, for the Particulars of the latest In- 
telhgence you have of General Braddock' Motions & 
which seems to be something Cloudy — may God Al- 
mighty succeed him. 

I think the Barbarous scalping & Captivating of the 
poor Virginians, Marylanders & Pensylvanians should 
raise in them a Spirit of Indignation against the Per- 
fidious French & of Compassion to their Neighbours 
by exertmg all in their Power to raise men & money 
in Assistance of General Braddock & the keeping open 
the Communication witli him so very necessary to the 
King's Service. 

With mine & Mrs. Belcher's Compliments' I am 
Sir Your Honours most Obedient &c. 

J Belcher 



'The "'young man" frequently alluded to by Governor Belcher in terms of dis- 
paragement to his correspondents in England in ITril-S, having been appointed 
Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania, he is now entitled to all compliments.— Ed. 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 117 

Letter from Oovenior Belcher to General Braddock. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz. Town July 9. 1755. 
General Braddock Gov'* to L. Gov"" Morris. 

Sir 

My last was 16: of June coV to M' Dinwiddle & 
which I hope your Excellency has received. 

I am now to own your Favour of the 9: of last 
month which came to my hands 7: Ins^ by way of N. 
Y. & Albany the Purport whereof I answered in mine 
of 5 : of June CoV to L. Gov. Morris of Pensylvania & 
which I hope got well to hand — the putting of the 
Regiment of this Province under the Command of 
Gov' Shirley I think a very prudent Step for his As- 
sistance in the Attack to be made on Niagara & yet I 
shou'd not have done it without your ExcelP' particu- 
lar Direction. 

As you are His Majesty's General of all his Forces 
in N. America I shall carefully observe such Instruc- 
tions as I shall from time to time receive from your 
ExcelP in Employment of any Troops raised or to be 
raised in this Province. I am with great Respect, 

Sir, Your ExcelP' Most Obedient & Most humble 
Serv'. J. Belcher. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Secretary Bead, of 
New Jersey — relating to the reported defeat of the 
army under General Braddock. 

(From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.] 

Eliz: Town (N J) July 19: 1755. 
Mr Secretary Read 

The very melancholy Acer I have just now reel' by 
Express from Phil' of tlie killing General Braddock— 
the intire Defeat of the Army under him — the taking 



118 AfiMlN-lSTEATlON OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1765 

the Artillery ifec. these things I say make it absolutely 
necessary for the Assembly to meet me as soon as pos- 
sible to consult what is to be done for his Majesty's 
Honour & Service & for the necessary & real Safety of 
this poor Province on whose Frontiers we may expect 
the French and Indians in Scouting Parties so that a 
Moment is not to be lost in the Assembly's Coming on 
this arduous and momentous Occasion and as things 
will require the greatest Dispatch I am determin'd that 
the Assembly shall meet me at this Place & in 10 days 
or sooner if possible so you must send away Expresses 
directly on rec" of this — I am 

Sir your Assured Friend & Servant. 

J. Belcher. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. PoivnaU — con- 
gratulating him on his appointment as Lieut. - 
Governor of Neiu Jersey, etc. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

July 21 1755 

Mr Pownall 

Sir 

I just now rec'' your Letter of the 18 & 19 Curr^ by 
M' Clopper and as you are entring by his Majesty's 
Favour into an honourable Station in this government 
I am glad to see you so ready in your duty to the King 
in handing to me what occurs for His Majesty's Ser- 
vice & Interest. 

The first Account of General Braddocks defeat &c. 
was very shocking but what you write me alleviates 
& in Part dissipates the Gloomy Prospect which came 
by the first Acc^— and I hope Almighty God wiU upon 
this fatal Incident animate & iuvigoi-ate the Southern 
Colonies to the raising three or four thousand men and 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 119 

with all possible dispatch to march and be put under 
the Command of the brave General Braddock for as 
the matter is begun it seems to be now or never to 
make a strong Push that we may know whether King 
George or the French king is to be finally Master of 
this Continent. 

I have order'd the Assembly of this Province to meet 
me the next Week when I shall earnestly press them 
to the raising their Proportion of men and money for 
the occasion I have mentioned. 

I very readily take a just notice of the Honour you 
do yourself in cheerfully offering your duty to the 
King in any Services you may be capable of on these 
extraordinary Occasions & I shall be glad to see you 
here and to find out anything that I may be able to do 
for your Service and Interest. -^^ * * While you 
remain at Phil-' I hope you will not fail of keeping me 
in a constant Intelligence of all things you can learn 
at any time for His Majesty's honour & Service & to 
the Welfare of these Provinces. I am 

Hon'''^ Sir, your Friend & Serv\ 

J. Belcher 



Message from Governor Belcher to the Council and 
Assembly of Netu Jersey. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Gentlemen of the Council & of the General 

Assembly. 

Upon the Advices I have lately reC^ of an Action be- 
tween the Kings Troops under the Command of the 
late brave General Braddock & a Body of French and 
Indians on the Banks of the River Monongaliela & 
upon which the English Troops have been obliged to 



120 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

retreat and this Extraordinary Event has been the Rea- 
son of my CalHng you together something sooner than I 
Intended — the ace" of this matter have been very 
various but the most authentick is a Letter from M' 
Orme Aid de Gamp to General Braddock wrote to Gov' 
Morris of Pensylvania which shall be communicated 
to you and as this matter may Produce fatal Conse- 
quences to this and the Neighbouring Provinces I 
have thought it necessary that this whole Legislature 
should enter into the EarHest and most Sedate Consul- 
tations for preventing the Evils that may accrue & to 
do all in our Power for the best Defence and Safety of 
this Province & those of our Neighbours and before I 
leave this Subject you will give me leave to recom- 
mend to you the passing of a Bill for restraining the 
Exportation of Provisions & warhke stores out of this 
Province for some reasonable Time. 

I think it is storied of the Pelican that she sucks out 
her own Blood to nourish & support her young. 

An uncommon Storgee' in Nature I and in a good 
Degree a fine Pattern of Imitation for all true Fathers 
and Lovers of their country— how unnatural a Perfidy 
is it then for any Persons or People from a voracious 
Thirst after filthy Lucre to be supplying their Enemies 
with Food and Raiment & warlike Stores thereby en- 
abling them to subsist & to be continually annoying 
their Neighbours who thus support them and if I am 
rightly informd this has been the Case, too often, of 
some of our neighbouring Provinces in supplying the 
French in the manner I liave mentioned or many of their 
settlements must have been broke up long ago & altho' 
we have had certain advice of a large Fleet of French 
Ships and Land Forces arrived at Cape Breton and at 
Canada yet we are at the same timeluform'd that tliey 
are in great Streights for want of Provisions we shall 

'Sic— Ed. 



1755J ADMIXISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 121 

therefore honour our selves in passing such an Act as 
I have mentioned which may greatly distress the 
Enemy and have a good Tendency to the better Safety 
of all the English Colonies. 

Gentlemen, I have lately rec*^ a Letter from M"" Din- 
widdle Gov' of Virginia relating to the arms with 
which he supplied us as also a Letter from Col' Peter 
Schuyler respecting the Troops of this Province under 
his Command both which Letters I shall order to be 
laid before you that you may do upon them what may 
be necessary in support of the Honour and Justice of 
this Governm'. 

Gentlemen of the General Assembly 

As the raising of monies for defraying all the past 
Charge of what has lately been thought necessary and 
expedient to be done together with the usual Support 
of the Government belongs to you to begin upon I 
shall not doubt your giving the best dispatch to what 
may properly belong to be done by your House. 

Gentlemen of the C*ouncil and of the General 
Assembly 
If you can think of anything else for advancing the 
Kings honour & Interest and the Weal and Prosperity 
of N. Jersey I shall upon your suggesting it to me cheer- 
fully piomote it to the utmost of my Power. 

J. Belcher 

Eliz^ Town Council Chamber Aug' 1 17r>5. 



[Message of Governor Belcher to the House of Assembly, sent with the foregoing.] 

Oentlemen of the General Assembly 

In answer to your message of this day I am well 
pleas'' that you are come to an unanimous Conclusion to 
do the necessary Business at this Time as well as to 
consider duly the important Matters I have recom- 
mended to you. You cannot but be sensible as well as 



122 A DMISriSTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

I what a critical Conjuncture this is with respect to 
the Safety and Welfare of the Province you will 
therefore give all possible Dispatch in all Affairs that 
lye before you — as to the other Part of your message I 
must assert the Kings Right and Prerogative and say 
that the Calling you hither is absolutely Consonant to 
the Kings Royal Orders to me. 

However the old Romans wisely considered that 
while Hannibal was at their Gates all Dispute and 
Contention shou'd subside and as I look upon the Prov- 
ince in the Present Situation of Affaii's to be attended 
with much Difficulty and Hazard in answer to your 
Request I have order'd the Secry to adjourn your 
House to morrow the 2: Ins* to meet at P. Amboy. 

J. Belcher 
Eliz^ Town Council Chamber Aug' 1 1755. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor Dinwiddie — about Military Proceedings. 

(From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.J 

Eliz: Town Aug 6. 1Y55 

Lieut Gov Dinwiddie 
Sir 

I wrote you very particulai'ly the 16: of June past 
by the Post and which I hope got to your hands altho' 
you mention nothing of it in yours of 29: of July 
which I rec'^ this day by Express confirming to me the 
melancholy ace' of the defeat of the late brave Gen' 
Braddock with the Kings Troops under his Command 
in the Action between him & the French (the 9 : Ult) 
on the Banks of the River Monongahela. 

This unhappy Affair I am afraid will give a gi-eat 
Check to the plan of Operation as to Crown Point & 
Niagara. 



1755] ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 123 

As we have lately no particular Acco'' of the pro- 
ceedings of the Troops since there being at Skenectady 
no Judgment can be formed as to their Attempts 
whither they are destined God grant they may find 
better Success than what the Troops have hitherto met 
with. 

The Constant good Accounts we receive from the 
Eastward of the Success of the Kings Ships and Land 
Forces in some measure alleviate the gloomy Prospect 
we are entertained with in these Southeiii Colonies — 
for the three only Forts the French had in Nova 
Scotia are reduced and are now garrisoned with Eng- 
lish Troops so that that Province is entirely evacuated 
by the French and His Majesty has a fine Fleet of 20 
Ships of the Line Commanded by Admiral Boscawen 
cruising about Nova Scotia and Cape Breton to watch 
the motions of the French and to prevent as much as 
Possible their being supply 'd with Provisions or war- 
like Stores. 

Your Letter of the 2: of June I have laid before our 
Commissioners who have the Care of our Part of the 
present Armament and they tell me they have made 
the Remittance to Mr. Hanbury as you directed &. 
shou'd observe your farther Orders in that matter. 

As the Asserabhes of Pennsylvania and of N. York 
are now Sitting yom' honour will doubtless have an 
Ace* from the several Gov" of what they are like to do 
in this Critical Conjuncture — the Assembly of this 
Province met here the ^}} Ins* when I pressed upon 
them the absolute necessity of exerting themselves to 
the utmost on this important Occasion for his Majestys 
honour and Service as well as for their own Safety and 
Welfare & that of their Neighbours & I really think 
the Colonies (take them all together) ought immedi- 
ately to get together a Body of at least 20,000 men in 
order to theii' making a Rational Efilort in what they 
have already began or otherwise their poor Inhabitants 



124 ADMINISTRATTOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

must expect to be Continually sacrificed to the Depre- 
dations & murders of the mercyless French and 
Indians from whom may God almighty defend and 
dehver them. 

I remain with much Eespect 

Sir Your Honours Most Obed' 

& Most humble Serv!^ 
L. Gov. Dinwiddle. J. Belcher 



Letter from The Lords of Trade to Governor Belcher 
— in ansiver to several received from him. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey. Vol. 16. p. 1.) 

To Jonathan Belcher Esq*^ Governor of New 

Jersey. 
Sir 

Since our letter to you dated July the 5V' 1754 We 
have received yours of August the 14*'' and 24*^ No- 
vember, the G*" 23'' and 2H"', December the 28V' 1754, 
and April the 28"' 1755, together with the several Pub- 
lick Papers transmitted \^^th them. 

It gave Us great pleasure to find by the last of these 
Letters, that the Assembly of New Jersey were at 
length awaken'd from that extraordinary inattention 
to then' own Security, & that of the Neighbouring Col- 
onys, which you had so justly complained of in youi' 
former Letters, and that tliey now seemed disposed to 
shew a proper sense of His Majestys paternal regai'd 
to them, by an exertion of their Strength in Conjunc- 
tion with the other Colony s for the defence of Eis Maj- 
estys Territorys against the Inci'oachments and Inva- 
sion of a Foreign Power. 

It would have given Us great satisfaction, if the 
Bill prepared by them for the emission of 70000 £ in 
paper Bills of Credit had been so framed, that We 
could, consistent with Our Duty, have laid it before 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 135 

His Majesty for His Approbation; but as it did not in 
any one Provision of it conform to His Majestys In- 
structions to you upon that head, We could do no 
otherwise than report our opinion against it; the rea- 
sons for which you will find fully contained in our 
Eeport upon it, a Copy of which was sent you some 
time since, together with His Majesty's Order in 
Council respectmg the Bill. 

We have read and considered the Papers you trans- 
mitted to Us, relating to the disputes between New 
Jersey and New York concerning the Boundary Line; 
and are now clearly convinced, that this Question can 
never be adjusted or determined but by Commission 
from His Majesty; the Act passed by New York for 
submitting the controversy to His Majesty appeared to 
Us to be very improper and ineffectual for that pur- 
pose; and therefore We laid it before His Majesty for 
His Disallowance, and proposed a Commission; but 
as the Agent for New York declined entering into any 
Agreement to pay his part of the Expence of taking it 
Out, We were under a Necessity of proposing that an 
Instruction should be sent to the Governor of New 
York to recommend it to the Assejubly to make imme- 
diate Provision for that Purpose, and We hope it will 
have its Effect, and that this dispute will soon be 
brought to a final Issue: for it gives Us the greatest 
concern, that the internal peace of His Majestys Col- 
onys shou'd be disturbed by disagreement amongst 
themselves upon Questions of this kind, at a time when 
an exertion of their United Strength is necessary in 
Vindication of His Majestys Rights and in defence of 
His Territorys. So We bid you heartily farewell, 
and are 

Your very Loving Friends and humble Servants, 

Dunk Halifax 
J. Pitt 
J. Grenville 

Whitehall August 6"' 1755 



136 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEENOR BELCHER. [1755 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary John 
Read — desiring the Council and Assembly to meet 
him at Elizabethtown. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers In Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.] 

Mr. Secretary Read. 

Aug. 8 1Y55 
Sir 

The Advices I have rec'' this morning make it neces- 
sary I shou'd see the Council & Assembly here to im- 
part them to them it is therefore my Order that when 
this Comes to hand you adjourn them accordingly to 
meet me at this Place tomorrow as what I have to say 
cannot be so well done by Message. 

It is now Eight days since the Opening of the Ses- 
sion a great Part of which time has been spent in pass- 
ing between this Place and Amboy and the Case must 
still be so to the great Expence of the Province and to 
the Delay of the Publick Affairs while the Kings Gov- 
eniour is in the Providence of God disabled from trav- 
elling-. 

You know, Sir, I have been for near twelve months 
out of Pocket for Expresses sent for the Safety of the 
Province tho' I know no reason why it shou'd be so 
or that the Kings Serv'^ shou'd advance money while 
pursueing the weal and prosperity of the People but 
there shou'd be always a Provision in the Treasury for 
Contingencies and more especially during the present 
Crisis of Affairs. 

I have been expecting to hear from your House re- 
specting the Choice of a Speaker pro tempore in Mr. 
Lawrence's Absence. I have particular Matters to lay 
before His Majesty's Council in which the Attendance 
of the Sec'ry will be absolutely necessary. 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 127 

My kind Respects to His Majesty's Council & to the 
House of Assembly to whom you may Communicate 
this Letter. I am 

Hono''^* Sir Your ready Friend 
J. Belcher. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieut. -Governor De 
Lancy, of New York, about Laws to enforce em- 
bargoes. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.J 

Eliz: Town Aug s 1755 
L. Gov^ Delancey 

Sir 

* * * As the Assembly is now sitting I shall press 
upon them the passing a Law as mentioned in my last' 
for your Honour is sensible that altho' Governours 
may issue Proclamations of Imbargo yet without a 
Law they can impose no mulcts or Fines for the 
Breach of them. 

If the Assembly here finally come into Resolutions 
of doing what is proper in the difficult Situation of 
Affairs I agree with you that it will be best to do it by 
raising of more men & with the greatest Dispatch to 
be sent to Coll Schuyler for reinforcing Genl' Shirley. 
I am with much Esteem & Respect 

Sir Your Honours Most Obed' & 
jVIost humble Servant. 
J. Belcher. 



1 July 30, 1755, he wrote to Lieut. Gov. Delancey: "I am to meet the Assembly 
of this Province to-morrow, when I shall press upon their doing sometliing effectual 
for restraining the Exportation of Provisions and warlike Stores for such Time as 
may be judged necessary."— Ed. 



128 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and Gen- 
eral Assemhly of Netv Jersey. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Gentlemen of the Council & of the General As- 
sembly 

Since the opening of this Session by my Speech of 
the first Ins*. I have a Letter from L. Gov' Delancey 
of N. York with several Papers of great Importance 
to this and all the English Colonies in North America 
and these things the Secretary shaU deliver you. 

As the Province of the Massachusetts are raising 
w^ith all expedition five hundred fresh Recruits and N. 
York four hundred I am fully of Opinion the best aid 
and assistance we of this Province can give wiU be in 
the raising of as many men as we possibly can and to 
send them with the greatest Dispatch to join Coll 
Schuyler's Regiment under the Command of General 
Shirle}^. 

We must not sink under the Gloom of the late un- 
happy event but as becomes true English men our 
Spirits must rise with our Difficulties and we must 
make them more strong and vigorous Push to emerge 
out of them. 

Upon reading the Gov' of Nova Scotia' Letter to the 
Gov"^ of the Massachusett's I think it my Duty to repeat 
& press upon you the Passing a Law without delay in 
strict Prohibition of the Exportation of Provisions of 
any kind from this Province foi- three Months to come, 
the Act to be so restricted and qualified as may be the 
least detrimental to our selves or Neighbours for altho' 
the Gov' may issue a Proclamation of Embargo yet it 
is the Legislature only that can impose mulcts & Fines 
on such Offenders as shall presume contrary to Nature 
k Reason to supply our Enemies with Provisions and 
thereby prevent their falling a Prey into our hands. 



1756] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 129 

Altho' I have once and again recommended to you 
the revising and amending the MiUtia Bill yet I must 
now again recommend it to your serious Consideration 
as a thing absolutely necessary to defend and save the 
Poor People of this Province on the Frontiers from the 
merciless depredations and Cruelties of the French 
and Indians, for as we have no regular Troops we have 
(under God) no force or hope but what we may expect 
from the Militia of the Province and it ought therefore 
to be put under a better regulation than it might be 
on common Occasion. 

Gentlemen, as any thing new comes to my Hands I 
shall be communicating it to you and I pray God to di- 
rect your Deliberations into the best measures for 
lengthning out the welfare and Prosperity of the good 
People under our Care. 

J. Belcher 
Eliz: Town Council Chamber Aug' 9. 1755. 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Sir 
Charles Hardy, of New York — recommending the 
appointment of a Commissioner to arrange the 
boundary difficulties ivith New Jersey. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. VI, p. 960.] 

[Tho. Centaur, Hardwfcke, C. Granville, T. 
Marlborough, C. P. S.] 

Additional Instruction to Sir Charles Hardy 
Knight Captain Gen' and Gov"" in Chief in & 
over His Maj'^'^ prov*"® of New York and the 
territories dei^ending thereon in America ; or 
in his absence to the Lieut* Gov'', President 

9 



130 ADMINISTKATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

of the Council, or Commander in Chief of the 
said province for the time being. Given at 
Whitehall the 12*'' day of August 1755, in the 
29**^ year of His Maj*^' Reign 

A^Hiereas it has been represented unto us, that a 
controversy has for many Years subsisted between his 
Majesty's Provinces of New York & New Jersey con- 
cerning the true line of partition between the said pro- 
vinces, on account of which great outrages have from 
time to time been committed on the frontiers of the 
said provinces, to the prejudice of His Maj'^'^ service 
and the disturbance of the public peace, and whereas 
it is of the greatest importance to the tranquility and 
welfare of the said provinces that a line of property 
and Jurisdiction should be speedily settled between 
them, which can only be done by a Commission to be 
issued by His Majesty for that purpose, with liberty 
to all parties who shall think themselves aggrieved by 
the Judgment of the Commissioners thereby to be ap- 
pointed, to appeal from such Judgment to His Majes- 
ty in his privy Council; and whereas the Agent for the 
Proprietors of New Jersey, has declared himself will- 
ing to concurr on their behalf in this measure, as the 
only proper and effectual means of determining the 
matter in dispute, and has offered to give ample secu- 
I'ity that the said proprietors shall and will defray one 
half of the expence of obtaining and executing such a 
Commission: You are therefore hereby authorized and 
required earnestly to recommend it, in His Majesty's 
name, to the Assembly of the Province of New York, 
under your Govern', that they do make speedy and 
effectual provision for defraying the othei- moiety of 
the expence of obtaining and executing such commis- 
sion, as aforesaid, whenever His Majesty shall be gra- 
ciously pleased to issue the same. 



1755] ADMIiriSTRATIOK OF GOVEENOR BELCHER. 131 



Letter from Governor Belcher to his nephew, Mr. 
Oliver — about the condition of the forces on the 
frontier. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Aug 21 1755 

Me. Oliver 
Sir 

* * * I think a Gloom at Present hangs over his 
Majestys Colonies on this Continent nor do I conceive 
any great hopes about Crown Point or Niagara but 
rather think the Kings Troops tor both those Attempts 
are too short in Numbers and too late to do anything 
this Year. 

The Colonies this way have made strict Prohibitions 
of the Exportation of Provisions of any kind yet I 
have but a lean hope of thats bringing forth so great 
an Event as we wou'd fain feed our selves with espec- 
ially if what we have by a Vessel at PhiP of 20: of 
June from Lisbon be true that a fleet of 2-1 Sail of 
French Ships was ready to sail for America and that 
S' Edward Hawk was to follow them with a strong 
Squadron. 

The present Complexion of Affairs seems to forbode 
this Continents being the Seat of War. Detis avertat ! 
I am 

Hono^'* & dear Sir Your affectionate Uncle. 

J. Belchek 



132 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER, 



[1755 



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1755] ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 133 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir John St. Clair 
— upon the necessity of driving the French from 
■ America. 

fFrom Belcher Papers in Libraiy of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliza: Town Sep'^ 3 1755 

Sir Jn^ St Clair 
Sir 

Your Favour of the 12: of Aug^ came to my hands 
30"\ The unfortunate Affair you mention of the 9: of 
July has drawn a melancholy Gloom over the Proceed- 
ings of the Kings Troops this way and it seems to me 
that the rest of the Plan & Operation will hardly be 
carryed into Execution this Summer in any one article 
and if so the French will have gain'd a vast Advantage, 
however, I agree with you that our Spirits shoud rise 
with our difficulties and we must this Winter be re- 
doubling the Number of Troops & early in the Spring 
to pursue the Plan of Operation as it has been form'd. 

But I wou'd carry my thoughts still further & say 
Carthago est delenda Canada must be rooted out or 
the Crown of Great Britain may soon lose all it at 
Present Enjoys in these Colonies of N" America and in 
Order to this I think it absolutely necessary (& worth 
the while) for the Several Colonies (from Nova Scotia 
to Georgia) to raise twenty five thousand men & five 
thousand more to be sent from Great Britain to be In- 
corporated with them & thus to pursue the Matter of 
extirpating the French or they will in the Course of a 
little Time drive all his Majestys Subjects into the Sea, 
for they seem already to have drawn a Line of Cir- 
cumvallation about us confining us to very narrow 
Limits. I was very sorry ro hear you was wounded 
but rejoiced at same time that you did not meet the 
same fate with many othei- brave Gentlemen that fell 



134 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

on the fatal day. May God Almighty heal your 
Wounds and restore you to perfect health & Strength 
for the Service of your King & Country to your still 
greater honour and if at any time I may be capable of 
rendering you any Services you may with Freedom 
dispose of 

Sir Your very humb: Serv.% 

J. Belcher 



Letter from Thomas Fownall, Esq., Lieut. -Governor 
of New Jersey, to the Lords of Trade — expressing 
his obligations in being recommended by their 
Lordships for that office. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1. 14. 1 

To y* Right Hon^^^ the Lords Commissioners 

for Trade & Plantations 

N York Sep^ 7. 1755. 
My Lords 

I have receiv'd by S-'' Charles Hardy, His Majestys 
Commission appointing me Lieutenant Governor of 
New Jersey, to which Post & Honor it has pleased 
Your Lordships to recommend me to His Majesty. 

Permitt me, My Lords, to make my Acknowledge- 
ments & return my most gratefull Thanks for so high 
& so undeservd a Favor; And to assure Your Lord- 
ship's that what is not in my power. Abilities equal to 
so great a Trust, I will endeavor to supply by a faith- 
full Attention to His Majestys Service with Assiduity 
and Industry. I have y*" honor to be. My Lords 

Your Lordships most Obligd most Gratefull & 
Obedient Servant 

T. POWNALL 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOH BELCHER. 135 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge 
— about appointment of Lieutenant-Governor. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.J 

Eliz: Town Sep' 17 1755 

Bro: Partridge (Extract.) 

As to the Appointment of a Lieu* Gov for this 
Province it is quite a new thing & you must be watch- 
ful at the Offices in a silent manner so as to know if 
any Attempt shou'd be made to my Prejudice to be 
early with L — C — to preyent any severity or hardship. 

When you think it may be of Service it will be well 
to put my Speeches into the PubHck Prints. "''' * * 
Sir, Your loving Brother 

J. Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir Thomas Robinson 
— about raising additioyial troojjs, etc. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Librarv of N. J. Hist. Soc.J 

Sepr: 17 1755 

Sir Thomas Robinson 

Sir 

My last was on the 30*'' of April and I hope it got 
well to your hands. 

I am now to own the honour of yours of 16 : of April 
& 19: of June. * "' * In these Letters I observe 
with duty and gratitude his Majesty's Early and 
Paternal Care and Goodness in sending a Squadron of 
Ships of War under the Command of vice Admiral 
Boscawen in Protection of His Colonies on the Con- 
tinent of North America & this the said Admiral has 



136 ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

also lately wrote me from Nova Scotia that upon the 
first advice I shoii'd send him of any approaching 
Dan.i^er of the Enemy on the Coasts of these Colonies 
he should endeavour to give all the Assistance he cou'd 
for their Defence & Protection and I shall be sedulous 
and vigilant on all Occasions to get what Intelligence 
I can of the Motions of the Enemy & transmitt them 
to the said Admiral so as may best of all conduce to 
his Majesty's Interest and honour & to the Safety & 
Welfare of these his Provinces. 

I shall, Sir, strictly conform myself to the Purport 
of Your Letter of 19: of June and not draw any Bills 
upon the Paymaster General — His Deputy or any 
other Person nor shou'd I have presumed to have done 
it without such a Caution unless I shou'd have had 
His Majestys special direction of Leave so to do. 

I am glad to repeat to you, Sir, that the Assembly of 
this little Province have in a late Session made ample 
Provision in Support of a Regiment of five hundred 
men till May next & this they have done with great 
Alacrity & Unanimity and I doubt not they will stiU 
go on to do their Proi^ortionable Share in further Sup- 
port of his Majesty's Interest and honour and of the 
Welfare & Safety of this Colony & those of their Neigh- 
bours. And now, Sir, you wiU give me Leave to say 
that the Defeat and death of the late brave and Gallant 
General Braddock at first drew a Gloom over the 
Operations of the Kings Troops as to the Places they 
were destined to but God be thanked the several Bodies 
of the Kings Troops are again roused and in good Spirits 
pursuing the plan of Operation with all the Prudent 
Expedition they can & yet I hardly think any great 
matter of advantage against the Enemy will be ob- 
tained this Year for We find the French and their 
Indians every where more numerous and Strong than 
we imagined. 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 137 

Will you then, Sir, indulge me while I say I think 
unless Quebeck and the whole Canadian Country be 
reduced to His Britanick Majesty's Obedience the 
French will in the Course of a few Years be Masters 
of all North America (& make it a fine Empire) I 
wou'd therefore humbly propose that there shou'd be 
raised from Nova Scotia to Georgia (thirteen Enghsh 
Provinces) Twenty five Thousand effective men & His 
Majesty to send five Thousand British Regulars to be 
incorporated with them and so to make the whole 
Body Thirty thousand men & also to send a Strong 
Squadron of Ships to the Gulph of S* Lawrence to as- 
sist in the Reduction of Quebeck & this whole Arma- 
ment to be ready by all the Month of May next to 
proceed upon the Business, Carthago est delenda, or 
we do nothing to the Purpose — but what I propose I 
believe will not be effected without the Assistayice of 
the British Parliament to mark out & ascertain the 
several Quotas or Proportions of men & Money to be 
raised in each several Colony or Province. 

If I am too forward in what I have suggested I shall 
humbly hope for his Majesty's Pardon since it springs 
from an ardent desire that His Majesty and His Royal 
house may in future Ages sway the Scepter over all 
N. America. 

I am with the greatest Deference & Regard 

Honb'*' Sir, Your most Faithful &c. 

J Belcher 
Sep' IT. 1755 
Sir Thom: Robinson. 



138 ADMINISTRATIOX OF PtOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Sir TTiomas Rob- 
inson, Secretary of State — recommending the 
establishing of packet-boats between England 
and the Colonies. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. Plantations General, No. 39, Ent. Book K, p. 426.] 

To the R* Hon^'f^ S'- Thomas Robinson, one of 

His Majesty's principal Secretaries of 

State. 

Whitehall Sepf^ 18, 1755 
Sir, 

Having thought it our Duty humbly to represent to 
His Majesty the Expediency, arising from the present 
Situation of Affairs, of establishing Paquet Boats be- 
tween this Kingdom & His Majesty's Colonies and 
Islands in America, in order to prevent the Prejudice 
which must necessarily arise to His Majesty's Service 
from the precarious and uncertain Method, in which 
the Correspondence to and from the Plantations is 
carried on by Merchant-Ships, We beg leave to inclose 
to you Our Representation to His Majesty upon that 
Subject, and We desire you will be pleased to lay it 
before His Majesty, We are, &c 

Dunk Halifax. 

J. Pitt. 

J. Grenville. 

Andrew Stone. 



To THE King's most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please Your Majesty, 

The great Delays, Miscarriages and other Accidents, 
which have always, but more especially of late, at- 
tended the Correspondence between this Kingdom and 
Your Majesty's Colonies and Plantations in America 
from the very precarious and uncertain Method, in 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHKR. 139 

which it is usually carried on by Merchant Ships, have 
been attended with great Inconvenience and Prejudice 
to Your Majesty's Service and to the Trade and Com- 
merce of Your Majesty's Subjects; And as it appears 
to Us to be of the highest importance, that Your Maj- 
esty should, in the present Situation of Affairs m 
America, have early, certain and frequent Intelhgence 
of what is in agitation there, and of the true State of 
your Colonies, We think it our Duty humbly to pro- 
pose, that Paquet-Boats should be forthwith estab- 
lished between this Kingdom and the American 
Colonies and Islands, in like manner as was done in the 
last War for the Islands; and tliat there should be two 
or more, as shall be tliought most advisable, estab- 
lished for the Colonies on the Continent, to be em- 
ployed in going and returning between Falmouth or 
some other of the Western Ports and New York, which 
is nearest Centre of Your Majesty's Colonies in North 
America. 
Which is most humbly submitted. 

Dunk Halifax. 

J. Pitt. 

J. Grenville 

Andrew Stone. 
Whitehall Sepf: 18. 1Y55. Ex^ 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Poivnall— con- 
gratulating him on being appointed Lieutenant- 
Governor of New Jersey. 

Eliz: Town Sep' 19 1755 
Mr Pownall 
Sir, 

Yesterday I rec'' yours of that date which gives tne 
the Notice that His Majesty has been graciously pleased 
to do you the honour of appointing you to the Lieu- 



140 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

tenancy of this Province on which I hereby send you 
my Congratulatory Comphm'' and agreeable to your 
Desire I have directed the D: Secry to send Expresses 
for summoning his Majesty's Council to meet me here 
as soon as they can on Monday the 22 : Ins* in Order to 
your Quahfication in the said Post before the Gov' in 
Council. 

My Compliments to Mr. Alexander who I hope will 
come with you. 

I am with Esteem and Respect Hono^'" 
Sir Your Friend & Most Humble Serv? 

J Belcher. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Yard, one of 
the Commissioners for procuring supplies for 
the troops. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. See] 

Eliz™ Town Sept 27 1755 
Sir 

Mr. Johnston of Amboy is now with me & has 
brought S' John S' Clair with him who brings me a 
Letter from Col' Dunbar from Phil' telling me he in- 
tends to be at Trenton on Wednesday the first of the next 
Month with the Troops under his Command being near 
seventeen hund'' men (officers included) and for which 
Sir John S' Clair tells me will be wanting — Thirty 
seven Wagons for their Baggage — Twenty one horses 
for di'awing the Cannon <k Amunition — Waggons — and 
Ninety Saddle Horses, & for each man a day, a Pound 
of meat and a pound of Biscuit (or Flower) So that 
you and Mr. Johnston must with all dispatch possible 
make this necessary Provision — I say there must be no 
delay least the King's Service shou'd greatly suffer. 
I am Sir your ready Friend & Serv* 

J Belchek 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 141 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Hardy of 
New York. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Oct. 1 1755 

GovER'" Hardy 
Sir 

I doubt not but your Exc^: duly rec*^ mine of the 5: 
of Sep* as I since did yours of 5: & 14\** of the same 
month and your Exc^ may depend I shall in duty to 
His Majesty as well as with Pleasure to my self keep 
an Exact Correspondence with you in all things rela- 
tive to His Majesty's Service & Interest and to the 
Welfare & Prosperity of this and the neighbouring 
Colonies more especially in this critical Conjuncture of 
Affairs. 

I thank your Excell"' for the Acco' you inclosed me 
of the Action between General Johnston and the 
French & I return your Compliments of Congratulation 
on the Success of His Majesty's Troops in that Occa- 
sion & as Major General Johnston (when the Recruits 
get to him) will make up near seven thousand men I 
hope we shall in due time receive good News from 
Crown Point. I was heartily glad to find your Excell^ 
imbarking for Albany where I am sensible your Pres- 
ence and best Advice must greatly contribute to His 
Majesty's Service, 

If you can at any time point out to me the doing 
your Excell- any Personal acceptable Service I shall 
imbrace it with Pleasure being 

Sir Your Excell- ' most obed' &c. 

J Belcher 



142 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. [1755 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Hardy, of 
New York, about the Boundary Line. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. See] 

Governor Hardy. 

Oct 2 1Y55 
Sir 

I wrote your Excel!'' yesterday in Answer to your 
last Favours and I now again write you at the especial 
Bequest of His Majesty's Council respecting the long 
Dispute about the Line between this and His Majestys 
Province of N. York in which Affair I understand 
your Excell^' may soon receive his Majesty'' Eoyal 
Orders and which I doubt not you will execute on 
your Part with the strictest Justice & Impartiality & 
you may most assuredly depend on my doing the same 
that this Controversy may soon be brought to a just 
and happy Conclusion. 

I put this under Mr. Alexander's Cover to be for- 
warded to you and who will at same time furnish your 
Excell'' with all the Papers relating to this Affair. I 
am with much Esteem & Respect 

Sir Your ExcelF^ Most Obed' &c. 

J Belcher 



Letter fro)t I Governor Belclier to James Alexander at 
New York. 

I From Belcher Papers iu Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.J 

Mr Alexander 
Sir Oct. 14 1755 

* * I shall not forget to write the Lords of Trade 
in the affair depending between N. Jersey and N. York 
p the first Vessel from your Place to London. 



1755] ADMIXISTRATIOK OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 143 

As your Governm* have taken off the Prohibition of 
the Exportation of Provisions I shall do the like here. 
I thank you kindly for the Book you have sent me of 
Docf Cheynes on the Gout of v^hich I shall be very 
carefulland return it in due time. I am Hono*"'^ Sir 

Your' &c. 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieut. -Gov. Dinwid- 
dle, of Peymsylvania — in relation to movements of 
Troops, etc. 

Lt Gov Dinwiddie 
Sir Oct 16 1755 

I have now lying before me your Honour's Favour 
of the 20: of the last month. 

As to Col' Dunbar* moving from Fort Cumberland 
to Albany he wrote me from Phil' it was in Con- 
formity to the Orders he had reC* from General Shirley 
& the General himself writes me the same. 

I expect the Frontiers of these southern Colonies 
will be continually harassd and distressd by the bar- 
barous French & Indians and yet as they are very well 
able to defend themselves I believe the King expects 
they shou'd do all they can in their own Protection 
and your Honours raising 1000 men in defence of your 
own Province sets a handsome Example to your 
Neighbours. 

General Johnston with the Troops under his Com- 
mand behaved bravely in tlie late Action between him 
and the French & which makes us some amends in 
the unfortunate Affair upon the Monongahela and 
since that I dont hear our Forces have been in Motion 
altho' we have at Albany near 2000 — at Oswego up- 
wards 2000— with General Johnston 6000 make in all 



144 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

about ten thousand men & yet I understand all further 
operations are put off tiU the next Spring & a poor 
Campaign to be recorded in History! God grant we 
may do better the next Year. 

When any thing occui's within my Knowledge for 
the Kings Service I shall hand it to your Honour & be 
expecting the same from you. I am in the mean time 
& always Sir Your Honours Most Obed* &c. 

J Belcher 



Letter from the Post Master General to the Lords of 
Trade — informing them of the estahJishment of 
regular monthly Packets to the Colonies. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., Plantations General, No. 13, O., 130.] 

To the Eight Hon^.^'' Lords Commiss'".^ of Trade 
& Plantations. 

General Post Office the 2P* October 1755. 

My Lords, 

We have in obedience to His Majesty's Commands, 
provided Vessells for the carrying on a regular Monthly 
Correspondence with His Majesty's American Islands, 
& his Colonies on the Main, and we jDropose to dis- 
patch one for the Islands in the beginning of next 
Month, so that the mail to go by her, may be sent 
from the Office on the 8"' She will take the usual 
course of Barbados, Antego, Montserrat, Nevis, S' 
Christopher's & Jamaica, and so home. 

It is intended the Vessel for the Continent shall sail 
for New York, about the middle of next month, so as 
the mail may be sent from the Office on the l.V'' 

These Vessells are to be kept intirely to the Service 
of correspondence, and on this Account We must give 
the Pubhck as early an Account as We can, of this 



1755] ADMIIS'ISTRATIOTS" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 145 

Establishment. We must therefore desire to be in- 
form'd whether the time propos'd for this first Dis- 
patch will suit that branch of His Majesty's Affairs 
under Tour Lordship's direction, or that a lono;er time 
may be requir'd. 

It is intended two other Packet Boats, one for the 
Islands, and one for the Main shall depart in one 
Month after each of these, and so on, for the support 
of a regular Monthly dispatch, with which it shall be 
our endeavour that nothing, except unavoidable Acci- 
dents shall interfere, and Your Lordships shall con- 
stantly have the earliest notice of every intended Dis- 
patch. 

As this is the first step that has been taken in the 
Establishment of a regular correspondence with the 
Main of His Majesty's American Dominions, We have 
made a provision for a longer stay of this Vessell at 
New York. It is express'd in the Contract, that she 
shall remain there 20 days, but she is to stay longer if 
His Majesty's Affairs shall require it, upon a dimorrage 
stipulated, and We have used all the means which 
have offer'd, to give our Deputy for the Continent 
notice of this intended Establishment, that he may 
make the best dispositions there, the time will admit 
of, for carrying His Majestys' intentions into execu- 
tion. 

The Vessells contracted for, on the Island Service 
are to be of 150 Tuns & 26 men Capt" & Officers 
included. The two We have taken at freight for the 
Continent are of 200. Tuns & 30. men, all are fitted 
for War. We hope & think this will be found suffi- 
cient for the Service. 

We are with great truth & respect My Lords 

Your most obedient humble Servant 

EVERARD FaWKEKER. 



10 



UG ADMIXISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BKLCHER. [1755 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Rev. George White- 
field — informing him of the erection of Nassau 
Hall 

(From Belcher Papers in Ijibrary of N. J. Hist. Soc.J 

ELizt Town (N J. Nov 3 1755 
Dear Mr. Whitefield 

* * -A- -X- * * ■» * 

I humbly thank him [God] & bless his holy Name 
that he smiles on the Infant College of this Province 
so far as that Nassua Hall is erected & rooft & is going 
on to be finished with all Expedition. * * * 

If it be the Will of God to waft and bear you as the 
Eagle does her Young to these obscure Parts of 
America how cou'd I embrace you! "■• * * but I 
hardly expect it and desire to be resigned to his holy 
Will in this and all things else. * * * 
Rev" & Dear Sir 

Your Bro: in Christ Jesus. 

J Belcher 



Circular from the Lords of Trade to t/te Gover- 
nors of the Colonies in America — relating to 
the establishment of packet-bocds, etc. 

(From P. R. O. B. T. Plantations General, No. 39, Ent. Book K., p. 4;i5.1 

To Charles Lawrence Esq'" U: Gov!' of Nova 

Scotia. 

Whitehall Nov' 4. 1755 
Sir, 

The Post Master Genei-al having in obedience to His 
Majesty's Commands jDrovided Vessels for the carrying 
on a regular monthly Correspondence with His Maj- 
esty's America Colonies, I am directed by the Lords 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 147 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to acquaint 
you therewith, and that the first of these Vessels will 
be dispatched for the Continent on the 15*'' of this 
Month, to go and return between Falmouth and New 
York, where the first Vessel is to remain twenty days. 
And as it is of great importance to His Majesty's Ser- 
vice, that their Lordships should have frequent and 
certain Intelligence of the true State of all His Maj- 
esty's Colonies and Plantations in America, their 
Lordships desire, that you will not fail of acquainting 
them by the Return of every Paquet with all publick 
Occurrences, which may happen in the Province under 
your Government; and likewise transmit to their 
Lordships all such pubHck Papers as are required to be 
transmitted. 

I am, Sir, Your 

most obedient humble Servant, 

John Pownall, Secry. 

A hke Letter was writ to all the other Gov'.* of His 
Majesty's Colonies on the Continent of America. And 
a like Letter to the Gov':* of His Majesty's Islands in 
the West Indies, except that instead of the Words, 
"For the Continent on the 15'.^ of this Month, to go 
" and retm-n between Falmouth & New York, where 
" the first Vessel is to remain twenty days," the fol- 
lowing Words were used, "For the Islands on the 8'!' 
"of this Month, and will take the usual Course of 
"Barbados, Antiqua, Montserrat, Nevis, S* Christo- 
"phers, & Jamaica." 



148 ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir Thomas Rob- 
inson — about military affairs. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers iu Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Nov. 4 1755 

Sir T. Robinson 
Sir 

The last I had the honour to write you was on the 
IT: of Sep* and went by way of Boston & its Duplicate 
by the Way of Phil*^ and which I hope have got well 
to hand & I humbly referr you thereto. 

I am now to own the Honour of your Letters of 26: 
of July & 28: of Aug* which came to my hands yester- 
day by the way of Boston the Contents whereof I ob- 
serve with close Attention— The French Embassador 
withdrawing from the British Court in an inceeremo- 
nious manner & His Majesty'' having order'd the 
English Sec'' at Paris so to leave the Court of France 
give Reason to think there may be soon an open rup- 
ture between the two Crowns and I shall in Obedience 
to his Majesty give immediate Notice thereof to all his 
Majesty^ Subjects within this Governmen* that they 
may take the necessary Care and Circumspection in 
the present Conjuncture and I shall at all times be 
diligent in transmitting to you for the King's Infor- 
mation everything material that may come to my 
Knowledge of the Motions and Proceedings of the 
French about this and the neighbouring Colonies. 

I take Notice the Lords Justices have ordered that 
Major (general Shirley shall take upon him (in the 
Place of the late General Braddock) the Command of 
the Kings Troops in N. America with Hke Powers with 
which Major General Braddock held the same — I shall 
therefore Correspond with Major General Shirley in 
all things as I did with his Predecessor & regularly 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 149 

observe such Directions as I shall receive from him 
from time to time and shall look over such Letters as 
I at any time wrote General Braddock & duly transmit 
him what may be necessary & material for His Maj- 
esty? Service. 

I think it my duty, Sir to tell you that I last night 
rec'l an Express from M' Morris L. Gov of Pennsyl- 
vania with an undoubted Acc"^ of the March of Fifteen 
hundred French & Indians to attack the Frontiers of 
Virginia & Pensylvania & which has put all the In 
habitants into the utmost Consternation and Distress 
& Gov Morris seems to be in great Pain and Anxiety 
with Eespect to Pensylvania where the Assembly seem 
deaf to the Shrieks and Cries of their Neighbours who 
are barbarously murdered from day to day nor will 
that Assembly raise any men in defence of their 
Country altho' its said they are able to raise twenty 
Thousand effective men — but if they will obstinately 
stand still I see no Reason why the French & Indians 
may not proceed & take Possession of the City of 
Phil'Hhe Capital of that Province; but of these things 
I doubt not Gov' Morris writes you more particularly. 

I have summon'd the Assembly of this Province to 
meet me the 12'" Ins? when I shall communicate to 
them your Letters and such others as I have rec*^ re- 
specting the Situation of Aff" in this & the neighbour- 
ing Provinces & press them to do all in their Power 
for their own Safety & in aid and Assistance of their 
poor distressed Neighbours. 

And now, Sir, let me pray your Particular Notice 
of what I wrote in my last respecting Quebec for untill 
that be reduced with the whole Country of Canada the 
King's Territories in N. America will be continually 
subjected to the Page & Depredations of the savage 
French and Indians— & its generally thought the 
Provinces here coud raise & spare twenty five thou- 
sand men His Majesty furnishing Arms and the money 



l6o ADiiixisTRAfioN Of governor belcher, [1755 

for paying them & the men being raised here will save 
the vast Charge of Transportation. 

I again ask pardon for thus repeating this Matter & 
am with the greatest Deference iSz Regard — Hono^''^ 
Sir Your most Faithfull &c. 

J Belcher 



Accounts of the Treasurer of West New Jersey from 
fifteenth of April, 1854, to the fifth November, 1755. 

IFrom P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, I. 19.] 

Account of cancelled money received by Sam^ 
Smith Treasurer. 

4*'' mo or Aprill 27 1754 From Cape May by 
Aaron Learning Esq'' one Bundle seal'd 
said to contain 154. 2.6 

5th j^o ^i 2754 From Salem by W'" Hancock 

Esq one Bundle said to contain . 416, 7.0 

Octo"" 21 1754 From Cape May by Aaron 

Leaming one Bundle said to contain . 1.17.6 

gth ^o ]^9 ]^755 j^roni Salem by W"' Hancock 

Esq one Bundle said to contain . 211.11.6 

Province of New Jersey to Sam^ Smith Treas- 
urer of the Western Division. 

DEBTOR. 

4'" mo or April 15 1754 To Cha Read Esq his 

War'J-J. 279& D°N275 . . . £13.15.0 

To my own War* N 278 . . . . 10. 0.0 

To W-" Hancock Esq his Certificate . . 10. 4.0 

To Jn° Reading Esq his War* N 204 . 12.18.0 

To Ch Read Esq his Certif 11. 2.0 

To Rich^ Saltar Esq his War* 284 . . 9.12.0 



1755] ADMlXlSTRATION OF GOVERNOU ftELCHER. lol 

To Jos Warrell Esq his War^ N 276 . . £7.10.0 

To W" Hancock Esq his Certif . . 13.1(;.0 

To W™ Mickle Esq his Certif . . . 11.14.0 

To R^^ Wood Esq his Certif . . . 13.16.0 

To Jos ElUs Esq his Certif .... 6.18.0 

To Jacob Spicer Esq his Certif . . 10.10.0 

To Sam' Nevill Esq his War^ N 201 . . -10. 0.0 

To Ch Read Esq his Certif . . . 12.6.0 

To Jonathan Thomas his War* N 304 . . 7.18.0 

To Sam' Nevill Esq his War* N 289 . 6. 5.0 

To BarziUai Newbold Esq his Certif . . 10.16.0 

To W"' Mott Esq his Certif . . . 10. 4.0 

To John Reading Esq his War* N 250 . . 6. 0.0 

To Rob* Ogden Esq his Certif ... 9. 6.0 

To Ditto his War* N 321 .... 1.0.0 

To Anth Elton his War* N 315 . . 5. 0.0 

To Ch Read Esq his War* N 300 . . . 7.10.0 

To D" . . . - 312 . . 7.10.0 

To D° . . . - 290 . . . 4.13.0 

To my own War*" N 299, N 310 . . 20. 0.0 

To Aaron Leaming Esq his Certif . . 7.16.0 

To Eben-^ Miller Esq his Certif . . 8.14.0 

To my own Certif 7.10.0 

To BarziUai Xewbold Esq his Certif . 7.10.0 

To R" Saltar Esq his War* N 308 . . 7. 6.0 

To Joseph Warrell Esq his War* N 297 . 7.10.0 

To Henry Paxson Esq his Certif . . . 7.10.0 

To Jacob Spicer Esq his Certif . . 8. S.O 

To John Ladd Esq his Certif ... 8. 2.0 

To Sam' Nevill Esq his War* N 307 . 6. 5.0 

To D° his Certif 4. 4.0 

To Joseph Yard Esq his Certif . . 6.12.0 

To Peter Midlagh Esq his Certif . . . 7.10.0 
Decem'- 9 1754 To R^' Saltar Esq his War* 

N 329 6. 5.0 

To John Deacon Esq his Certif . . . 11.14.0 

To Jos Warrell Esq his War* N 326 . 7.10.0 



153 



ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOR BELCHEB. 



[1755 



To Sam' Nevill Esq his War* 324 

To D"^ N 325 

To James Holmes Esq his Certif 

To D" Another 

To Sam' Clement Esq his Certif 
To the Gov" War* N 335 ) 

D" 336) • 

To Anth Elton his two War*' N 332 & 344 
To my own War* N 328 
To D° 340 . 

& to my Certificate .... 
To Jacob Spicer Esq his Certif 
To Aaron Leaming Esq D° . 
To James Holmes Esq his D° . 
To E" Saltar Esq his War* N 338 & 349 
To Ch Read Esq his Certif 
To W"^ Hancock Esq his Certif . 

To D° another 

To D° another .... 
To Eben Miller Esq his Certif . 
To D" another .... 
To Jacob Spicer Esq his Certif 
To John Lacld Esq his Certif 

To D" another 

To Joseph Yard Esq his Certif 

To D° another . . . , 

To Aaron Leaming Esq his Certif 

To Ch Read Esq his Certif 

To my own Certif 

To Henry Paxson Esq his Certif 

To D*^ another .... 

To Rob* Lawrence Esq his Certif . 

To D" another .... 

To Sam' Nevill Esq his Certif 

To BarziUai Newbold Esq his Certif 

To D° another 

To Tho^ Leonard Esq his War* N 350 



£6. 5.0 

20. 0.0 

11. 2.1 

6.12.0 

6.12.0 

265. 0.0 

5. 0.0 
10. 0.0 



10. 
4. 
6. 
6. 



0.0 
4.0 
0.0 
6.0 



3.12.0 
12.11.0 
4.16.0 
8.14.0 
5.14.0 

8. 2.0 

9. 0.0 
6.12.0 
9.16.0 
5. 8.0 
7.16.0 
8. 2.0 
5. 8.0 

10. 4.0 
7.10.0 
5. 2.0 
5. 2.0 
3.12.0 
3.18.0 
7.10.0 
6.18.0 
4.16.0 
3.12.0 
7. 4.0 



£6. 


5.0 


]0. 


0.0 


24.12.0 


5. 


8.0 


8. 


8.0 


9. 


6.0 


8. 


8.0 


9. 


6.0 


8. 


2.0 


8. 


2.0 


6.18.0 


265. 


0.0 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 153 

To Judge NeviUs War* N 354 . 

To D"^ another 355 .... 

To Judge Leonards War* N Y6 

To Sam' Clement Esq his Certif . 

To D^ ano^ 

To Eben^ Miller Esq his Certif . 

To Aaron Learning Esq his Certif . 

To Jacob Spicer Esq his Certif 

To Henry Paxson Esq his Certif 

To Barzillai Newbold Esq his Certif . 

To my own Certif 

To the Gov" War* N 364 N 365 . 

To James Holmes Esq his Certif . . 7.10.0 

To Cash paid Josep Yard Esq to pay for 
Transporting &c Col Dunbar & his 
Horses through the Province . 200. 0.0 

CR. 

4*" m° or ApriU 27 1754 By Cash of Aaron 
Leaming Esq one of the Comrs of Cape 

May £1. 0.0 

Nov' 4 1754 By Cash of Jeremiah Leaming 
Esq Collector of Cape May in full of 
their Quota to the Provincial Tax paya- 

able 21^^* Ins* 33. 8.4 

Nov' 15 By Cumberland Ditto . . . 70.16.9 

20 By Morris D° 74. 1.8 

22 By Salem D° 139.14.2 

28 By Hunterdon D" 2S3.11.0 

Dec 9 1754 By Burlington D° . . . 250. 0.9 
20 By Gloucester D° 156. 7.2 

Province of New Jersey in the Sinking Fund 

Tax. 

DR. 

5 m° or May 14 1755 To the whole money 
then in my hands rec'' on the Sinking 
Fund Tax then sunk according to Law 607. 0.0 



154 ADMIXTSTRATrOX OF aOVERNOR BELOHRR. [1755 

CR 

Nov' 4 1754 By Cash from Cape May In fuU 

of their Quota payahle y"" 21^' Instant . 25,11. 5| 
1 5 By Cumberland Ditto In full . . 54. 3.10i 

20 By Morris D " In full . . . . S5. 0. H 

21 By Sussex D" In full .... 37. 1. 

22 By Salem D" In full . . 106. 16. Hi 
28 By Hunterdon D" In full . . . 216.11. Hi 
Decern' 2o 1754 By Gloster D" In part . . 81.14. 6 
Septem^ 18 1755 By Burlington D° In full 191.15. li 

Province of New Jersey In the first Expedition 
Money 1755. 

DR 

5th j^o ^^. yj^^y. 24 ]^755 rp^ Q^gi^ pg^i(]^ Jqs Yard 

& Jos HolHnshead &c for Bounty Money 
to Capt Woodwards Comp' being 100 
men 150. 0.0 

26 To Cash p" Ab' Hewlings for paying Cap' 

Woodward for Leather Breeches . 330. 0.0 

28 To Cash p" Aaron Learning Jos HolHns- 
head & Abr™ Hewlings Esq""' to pay for 
Transport^ Cap Woodwards Company to 
Amboy & for Cloathing . . . 171.10.0 

6 m° 7 1755 To Cash p'' Jos Hollinshead & 
Jos Yard two of the Comrs to pay for 
making Cloaths & Shoes . . . 100. 0.0 

10 To Cash p' Abr Hewlings to pay for 

Check' Linen &c 122.10.0 

14 To Cash p'^' Abr Hewlings & Jos Hollins- 
head for paying for sundry Cloathing 
bo' at PhiP & Powder Lead Kettles &c 1,163. 7.0 

-th j^o 29 1755 To Cash p^' Abr Hewhngs & 
Jos Hollinshead to pay for provisions 
&c to the Eastward .... 1406.10.0 

CR 

5ti. j^o Qj, ]^^y 24^1755 By Cash of Dan' Smith 

Jun' one of the Signey .... 480. 0.0 



1755] ADMIXISTUATrOli OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 155 

28 By D" of Abr Hewliiigs Esq . . 171.10.0 
6 ra or Juiie'2 1755 By D " of Abr Hewlings 

& Dan' Smith J' 441. 0.0 

By D" at same time 336. 0.0 

14 By D^ of D" 608.17.0 

7"' m 24 1755 By D" of D" . . . 1406.10.0 

Province of New Jersey in the second Expedi- 
tion Money 1755. 

DR 

Sepr 27. 1755 To Jacob Spicer Esq One of 

the Commissioners to pay for Cloaths 768.12.0 
Octo"" 6 1755 To Jacob Spicer Esq to pay for 

Cloaths 

18 To D" for pay for Cloathing &c . 

28 To Henry Paxson Esq for sigTiing the 

BiUs \ . 
Nov"" 5 1755 To Jacob Spicer Esq to pay for 

Provisions 

CR 

Sep"" & Octo"" 1755 By Cash rec'' of Henry 
Paxson Esq 

Be it remembered that on this present 5**" of Nov"" 
1755 Personally appeared before me Rob' Smith Esq 
One of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas for 
the County of Burlington Sam' Smith Esq One of the 
Treasurers of New Jersey, and on his Solemn Affirma- 
tion According to Law did declare that these five 
Sheets of Paper contain a true Account of his receipts 
& disbursem*^ as Treasurer from the fifteenth day of 
the 4"" mo caUed Aprill A D 1754. To this time to the 
best of his knowledge & belief. 

Sam"- Smith 

Affirmed to the day & year above before Rob'' Smith 



574. 


2.6 


55. 


7.0 


15. 


0.0 


753.15.0 


7500. 


0.0 



156 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Allen — the 
enemy threatening to invade the Province. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Euz^ Town Nov^ 6: 1755 

Col'' Allen. 
Sir 

This day at one o'Clock I received yours of yester- 
day' Date p the Post with the Inclosed from Col' An- 
derson & highly approve your duty to your King & 
Country in giving me the earliest Acc- of the Approach 
of the French & Indians towards this Province upon 
which & other Intelligences I have order'd Col' Stout 
to muster His Regiment immediately to be in a readi- 
ness upon the fu-st Notice that shall be had of the 
Enemy's entring this Province and the said order I 
now inclose you and hereby direct you to carry it im- 
mediately to your Col' who will communicate to you 
its Contents & in which I order and Direct you to be 
aiding & assisting with your utmost Power for His 
Majesty' Service & honour and for the Safety of this 
Province and tell Col' Stout to send to Col' Anderson 
an Acc' p Express of what I have ordered and I expect 
from you constantly p Expresses, if necessary an acc? 
of the Proceedings of the Enemy 

I am Sir, Your ready Friend 

J Belcher 

P. S. As I have sent my Orders p' Expresses to every 
Col! of the Province respecting the present Exigency of 
Affairs, Col' Stout' is gone among the the rest. 



1755] ADillNISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 157 



Proclamation of Governor Belcher to the several 
Colonels of Militia Regiments — directing them to 
muster their troops. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N J. Hist. Soc] 

By His ExcelF Jonathan Belcher Esq"" Cap* 
General and Governour in chief in and over 
His Majesty's Province of Nova Caesarea 
or New Jersey and Territories thereon de- 
pending in America, Chancellor and vice 
Admiral in the same 

To the Hono''^® Andrew Johnston Esq*" Col' of 
the Regiment of Militia in the County of 
Middlesex or to the Commanding Officer of 
the said Regim* for the time being. 

Having received for two days pas* p Expresses from 
M'' Morris GoV of Pensylvania very particular and 
undoubted Accounts of the near Approach of the 
French and Indians to several of the Frontier towns of 
that Province and cautioning me that there may be a 
Probability of their falling upon this Province, and 
these Accounts being confirmed to me from other Per- 
sons, I do hereby in duty to His Majesty & for the 
better safety of His good subjects of this Province di- 
rect & command you to muster your Eegiment imme- 
diately and strictly examine them whether they are 
equipt with Arms and Annnunition According to Law 
<Sc upon the first Notice of the Enemy's entring this 
Province to march with all possible dispatch w^ith your 
Regiment to meet and repell them; and that you keep 
me constantly advised of all your Proceedings in this 
Matter. 



158 ADMINTSTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

Given under my Hand at Eliz* Tow^n this sixth day 
of Nov^ in the twenty ninth year of His Majesty* 
Reign. J. B. 

Annoq: Domini 1775. 

[On the 12th of November an additional Proclama- 
tion directed that the troops should be kept in readi- 
ness to march to the borders of the Province w^ith 
those of Pennsylvania.] 

The Same to — Colonel Abraham Vankempen, of the 
County of Sussex — John Low, Essex — Joseph Stout, 
Hunterdon— Nicholas Gibbon, Cumberland & Cape 
May. Joseph Tuttle, Morris — Charles Read, Burling- 
ton. Cornelius Vanhorne, Somerset — John Read, 
Monmouth. John Schuyler, Bergen. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Morris of 
Pennsylvania — referring to the threatened ap- 
proach of French and Indians on that Province. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz'^ Town Nov 10 1755 
L GovERNOUR Morris 

Sir 

I rec' p Express your several Letters from New 
Castle and PhiV' of Octr 25)"' and the first and second 
Ins!^ & another without date, with the several Lettei's 
they inclosed giving an Ace* of the Apj) roach of the 
French & Indians towards your Piovince and in their 
way committing the most Barbarous outrages in mur- 
dering and Captivating the Inhabitants as they come 
along — and all this without Resistance! surely your 
Assembly will no longer be deaf to the shrieks & Cries 
of their murdered neighbours. 

1 have summoned the Assembly of this Province to 



1754] AiDMINISTRATION OF aOVERKOR BELCHER. 159 

meet me here on Wednesday next the 12: Ins- when I 
shall lay before them what you have sent me respect- 
ing the Present Exigency of Affairs, but if Pensyl- 
vania who may readily raise twenty or thirty thousand 
men will do nothing for the defence of their Country 
or for saving the lives of their Wives & Children I am 
afraid the Assembly of this poor Little Province will 
hardly think it reasonable to send their People out of 
the Province in defence of their Neighbours and so 
leave themselves to the Incursions and depredations of 
the Enemy in this Time of Common danger. 

We have no arms in this Province belonging to the 
Crown & indeed but very few and but little Amuni- 
tion belonging to the Inhabitants or I shou'd readily 
answer your Kequest on that Head. 

General Shirley has under his Command at Albany, 
Oswego & near Lake George eight or nine thousand 
men that I shou'd think it wou'd be prudent for you 
in this time of Distress to make early and Pressing ap- 
phcation to him to send for His Majesty's Service & 
Honour & for the Safety of these Colonies two or three 
thousand of those Troops till they shall be more wanted 
elsewhere. 

I observe in yours of the 2'1 Curr: that the French and 
Indians are making rapid Marches to these Colonies. 

And I have therefore this day sent my Orders p Ex- 
press to every Col' in this Province immediately to 
muster his Regim*^ and to have them in the best readi- 
ness for marching, & repelling the Enemy if they 
shoud enter this Province which it is well known is in 
a miserable Defenceless State. 

I wish you and your Province the Favour and Pro- 
tection of Almighty Clod and am, 

HonolV' Sir Your most obedient humble Serv^ 

J Belcher 



160 APMIlv^ISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieut. -Gov. Poivnall 
— about the movement of Troops. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers In Tjibrary of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

ElizI Town Nov 10 1755. 
Lieut. Gov. Pownall. 

Sir 

I yesterday rec" your Letter dated at Albany 29: of 
Ocf and have consider'd its Contents. 

As General Shirley' Notifications to the Gov' of Pen- 
sylvania and Maryland were to pass thro' this Province 
and even thro' this town if it was desired that I myself 
or any Body for me shou'd attend the Congress you 
mention, I believe you will think with me that I ought 
to have had the Proper and same Notification that all 
the other Gov" have had, without which I can see no 
Propriety in doing what you have mentioned. 

Inclosed I send you Copy of an Affidavit relating to 
the near Approach of the Enemy to this Province 
wherein it appears to me that the People call'd Mora- 
vian are as Snakes in the Grass and Enemies to King 
George and His Subjects and if upon further Enquiry 
what is in the aforementioned Affidavit be confirmed 
I shaU immediately give orders that all the Arms ct 
Amunition among the Moravians in this Province be 
seized & kept in safe Custody with aU their Publick 
Paper still further Orders & of this I write Gov' Morris 
hoping he will do the same. 

And as by the latest Advices there is great reason to 
apprehend the French and Indians may soon be upon 
the frontiers of this Province, I did a few days ago 
send Expresses to every Col' in this Province imme- 
diately to muster his Regiment & to see that they be 
equipt with Arms & Amunition according to Law & 
to be ready to march to any Part of the Province from 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BKLCHER, 101 

.whence they may receive Advices of the Enemy's 
coming in. 

With my Comphments to the several Gov" at the 
Congress I am, Sir Your Honours 

Friend & Most humble serv* 

J. Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Morris, of 
Pennsylvania — about the condition of military 
affairs. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz Town Novr lO: 1755 

Governor Morris 
Sir 

My last was the 6 : Ins* — I am now to ovni your 
Honours Favour of the same Date which came to my 
hands p Express on the 8 : with further Acc'^ of the 
Approach of the Enemy to the Frontiers of Pennsyl- 
vania &c. as also Your Honours Message to your 
Assembly of the 5: Ins* & their Answer which to me 
seems full of Chicanery and Evasion. 

I am sorry for the unhapp)^ Situation Your Honour 

is in without men, money or Arms to do any thing in 

Defence of His Majesty's Honour and Interest and of 

the Safety of the Poor People under your Care — as 

things cannot hold in this way but with the utmost 

Hazard of the Kings losing a fine Province, I think it 

high time that the Gov"" & Councill shou'd address the 

King to take the Govern m* into His own hand, (& if 

no other Way) to be done by an Act of the British 

Parliament & I shoud think it the wisest measure tlie 

Proprietors cou'd go into to join in such an Application 

for its very plain they are not able to defend their 

Province & really, Su-, the present Constitution seems 

to me to stand upon a very farraginous System. 
11 



163 ADJllNtSf RATIO-^ of governor BEtcSER. [1755 

iDclosed I send Your Honour Copy of an Affidavit I 
rec'! last Night from M' Sec'ry Read by which you will 
find the httle Province of N. Jersey is alive, alert & 
exerting & p the Ace" I have rec'' from the Frontiers 
if the Enemy enter this Province they may happen to 
meet with a warm Reception. 

I think p this Affidavit the Moravians are a perfidi- 
ous Crew and if this Ace* shoud be farther Confirmed 
to me I shall order that all the Arms & Amunition 
with their Publick Papers be immediately seized and 
kept in safe Custody till my further direction — & I 
believe your Honour will think it prudent & reasona- 
ble so to act with the Moravians in your Governm*. at 
Bethlehem and elsewhere — I am 

Sir, Your Honours Most obed' &c. 

J Belcher 



Message of Governor Belcher to the Council and As- 
sembly of Nezv Jersei/, November I'dth, 1755. 

[From a coi')y among tbe Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soe.] 

Gentlemen of the Council & of the General As- 
sembly. 

The present Situation of Affairs in this time of com- 
mon danger has made it necessary for His Majesty's 
Honour & Interest and for the better Safety of this 
Province to call You together at this time to Commu- 
nicate to you sevc ral things I have received since I last 
met you and I shall order them to be laid before you 
for your more Particular Information, viz. "White- 
hall May 13: 1455. The Lords Justices Order upon 
Your Petition to His Majesty & the Bill you had Pro- 
jected for emitting 70,000£. in Paper Currency.— Also 
the Lords of Trade Representation to the King of the 
19: of March on the same Affair. 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 163 

Whitehall July 26, the Right Honourable Sir Thomas 
Robinson' Letter of the Expectation that France wou'd 
proceed to an open Rupture with Great Britain, &c. 
Halifax Oct 1: 1755 Admiral Boscawen' Letter to L^ 
Gov'" Phips as to a Prohibition of the Exportation of 
Provisions &c. — Ca rap at Oswego Sep* 9'"^ 1755. General 
Shirley's Letter of the present State of things respect- 
ing the King's Troops under His Command & of the 
Expediency of Commissioners from this & the neigh- 
bouring Governm*' to meet at N. York the 15. Inst in 
a General Consultation for His Majesty's Service & for 
the Safety of the Provinces.— New Castle & PhiP Oct 
29: & Nov' 1: 1755 Gov' Morris' Letter with Particular 
Accounts of the Barbarous Murders & depredations 
perpetrated by the French and Indians on the Poor 
distressed People of Pennsylvania. 

Nov. 7: 1755. James Anderson's Affidavit of an 
Alarm in the County of Sussex on the Approach of 
the French & Indians towards Easton in Pennsylva- 
nia, &c. These things Gentlemen you will carefully 
deUberate upon & which I think must produce your 
wise Resolutions of exerting all in Your Power for 
maintaining the Kings Interest & Honour & for the 
Safeguard of the good People of this Province & in 
Aid & Assistance of our poor distress'd Neighbours if 
it shou'd finally be found absolutely Necessary. 

I think it wou'd be highly prudent to appoint with- 
out Delay a Commissioner to meet the Commissioners 
of the other Governm'.' at N. York the 15: Ins^ 

You will see by Admiral Boscawen' Letter the Starv- 
ing Condition of the French at Cape Breton & Canada 
that I wish the Governments woud still continue their 
Prohibitions of the Exportation of Provisions & War- 
like Stores. 

I do in Justice to Col' John Anderson of the County 
of Sussex mention His great Alacrity in raising four 
Hundred men & marching them to the Defence of 



164 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

Easton in Pennsylvania & which I hope will inspirit 
the other Officers & private men of the Province to 
exert themselves in defence of their People in Case the 
Enemy shou'd enter into any Part of this Province & 
I am glad to say to You that the People in general 
seem resolved by the Help of God to give the Enemy 
a warm Reception whereever they may come. 

I wou'd inform you that upon the Repeated Advices 
I rec'! I sent my Orders per Express last Week to every 
Col' in the Province to muster his Regiment & to see 
they be w^ell equipt with Arms & Amuuition according 
to Law & to be ready to march on the first Notice of 
the Enemy' Approach to any Part of our Frontiers & I 
must not leave this Article without earnestly recom- 
mending to you the passing a Bill of all possible en- 
couragement to such Brave men as shall voluntarily 
engage in the Service of their King & Country. 

Altho' it is two mouths ago since His Majesty' 
Troops under the Command of tlie brave Major Gen- 
eral Johnston and the brave Major General Lyman 
gave the French & Indians such a Remarkable Defeat 
yet I must now first of all for this give Praise to the 
God of Armies & then congi^atulate you on this happy 
Occasion & at same time give my thanks to those pru- 
dent and brave Officers & to the men that Fought 
under them with so much Courage and Intrepidity. 

As the AVinter is just at hand which may i^revent 
the further Proceedings on the Plan of Operation for 
the Troops tiU towards the Spring I shall not doubt 
your good and kind Care that the Regiment of this 
Province be now & always well & seasonably supplied 
with good Provisions & all warlike Stores to enable 
them the better to Encounter the Enemy, 

God Almighty grant that in the time of this In- 
creasing Danger that not only the three Parts of the 
Legislature may act in great Harmony but that aU th^ 



1755] ADMIinSTRATIOX OF GOVERNOK BELCHER. 165 

Private members of the Common Wealth may unit- 
edly act for the defence of themselves & of their 
Neighbours. J. B. 

Eliz'' Town Coui<tcil Chamber Nov' 13. 1755. 

[Under date of November 14th the Governor re- 
minded the Assembly that there was no money in the 
Treasury for Incidental expenses, and that, conse- 
quently, he was debarred the privilege of sending any 
intelligence by express, however urgent the necessity. 
—Ed.] 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Oovernor 
Morris of Pennsylvania. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz^ Town. Nov 13*.'' 1755 

L. Gov^ IMORRIS 
Sir 

I wrote you at large 10: Ins* p the Post which I hope 
got well to your hands — since which I have rec'' fur- 
ther Intelligence of the Motions of the Enemy and of 
the Behaviour of the Moravians — the Particulars 
whereof Your Honour will find by the Inclosed Peti 
tion & Affidavit of Josiah Broadwell & others. I have 
also several Letters confirming these Accounts relating 
to the Enemy & u})on these repeated IntelUgences I 
expressed Orders the C: Ins- to every Col' of this 
Province to muster His Regiment &c. & repeated them 
again Yesterday, Copy of which I send you herewith. 
I hope when your People see the Readiness of this 
little Governm' to do all in their Power for the Com- 
mon Safety of the Kings Subjects that they will exert 
themselves & join in it with the greatest Alacrity — 

I am 

Sir, Your Honours Most Obedient &c. 

J. Belcher. 



166 ADillNISXEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Rev. Aaron Burr, 
President of the College. 

[Fi'om a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz^ Town Nov 17. 1755 

Mr Pres^ Burr 
Sir 

The Situation of the Affairs of the College seems at 
present to put on an unpleasant Complexion, for we 
have had & still have considerable demands for Money 
which I think should stimulate Us to the greatest 
Care & diligence in Securing and pressing in what 
Monies are due to Us. 

T am a little Surprised that p the Arrival of so many- 
Ships at Boston, Phil'' & N. York we have no L3tters 
to tell Us what has been collected in Scotland & 
Ireland. 

I think it high time to secure and gather in what is 
still outstanding on Acc^ of the Lottery. 

And that we plead our necessity to have the Boston 
Subscription remitted us as soon as possible. 

From these several Funds I believe we may mod- 
estly expect upwards of Seventeen hundred Pounds 
(Proc) we must therefore be alive and exert to the ut- 
most or we may, before we are aware be plunged and 
brought to a stand for want of Money, which wou'dbe 
a sad Misfortune. I dout write to you, Sir, as one 
wanting Care and Concern for Our Welfare and Pros- 
perity because I know you are always (I thank you) 
full of Spirit on that Head, ct: yet we inust stirr up 
ourselves & one another. I salute you very kindly & 
am ReV Sii- 

Your Friend & Serv^ 

J Belcher 



1755] ADMINISTRATIOX OP GOVERNOR BELCHER. lo' 



Lztter from Govarnor Bzlcher to Governor H^p^uis 
— relating to a Convention of Commissioners for 
the several Colonies. 

Nov 20, 1755 

Gov* Hopkins 

Sir 

I received the Act of your Assembly relative to a 
Convention of Commissioners from several of His Maj- 
estys Governments appointed by General Shirley to be 
held at N. York the latter End of this Month. 

General Shirley notified me of this Matter two 
months ago. I called the Assembly. I laid before 
them the General's Letter & presc upon them the send- 
ing a Commissioner from this Government, but they 
wholly declined it yet they otherwise exprest a good 
Spirit in the Common Cause. 

I observe with much satisfaction (tho' a melancholy 
Detail) the particular good Reasons which make this 
Convention necessary for most certainly our publick 
Affairs, after all our fruitless Efforts the Year past 
wear but a gloomy heavy Complexion & altho' my 
broken Health will not allow me the Honour of being 
present at the Congress of the several Gov" yet I have 
desired Mr. Pownall His Majesty? Lieu^ Gov'' of this 
Province to repi'esent me at the Congress. * "'' * 
I am with Esteem & Respect 

Sir Your Honours Most obed' &c. 

J Belcher 



168 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Letter from Governor Belcher to General Shirley — 
about military affairs. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Ldbrary of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Nov. 20, 1755 

General Shirley 
Sir 

I duly received by way of N. York the Honour of 
of your Excelleucys Letter dated from Albany ll**" 
Inst, and am glad to find you so fully coincide with 
me as to the Deletion' of Carthage. I say it, Sir, with 
great Deference to much wiser heads that I think we 
are but playing a small Game at a vast exigence of 
Blood & Treasure while we are intending to Attack 
the Number of the Enemy' small Forts certainly we 
had better at once be at the necessary (and smallest) 
charge of attempting their Capitol on this Continent 
and in duty to His Majesty & from a tender Regard to 
these his Colonies I have wrote the Secry of State my 
real opinion in this Matter — the People of the Provinces 
seem so well spmted that I really think it wou'd not 
be difficult to raise thirty thousand men if the Crown 
will furnish money to pay them & with Arms & Amu- 
nition & also send five thousand Regulars to mix 
with them with Eugineers Bombardeers &c. and a 
Stout Squadron of the Line at same time to go up the 
Gulph of S' Lawrence— if we wou'd hew the Tree 
down effectually the sacred Pages tell us we must lay 
the Ax to the root. 

Things look to me as if the coming year will be the 
Criterion whereby we shall be able to conclude whether 
the French shall di'ive us into the Sea or whether 
King George shall be Emperom* of N. America which 

• Sic— Ed. 



1755] ADMIKISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 169 

in Time to come will be a glorious Empire and in the 
Exigency of the present Affairs well worth the Hard- 
est and most noble struggle of all the King's North 
American Subjects. 

I observe your Excellency expects a meeting of 
several of the King' Gov'? at N. York the last Week in 
this Month to consult upon a General Plan of operation 
for the insueing year where your Excell^ desires me to 
be if my health woud admit of it and did not my par- 
alytick Disorder forbid I shou'd esteem it an Honour 
to attend so honourable a Convention. When David 
invited old Barzillai to his Court he excused himself & 
desired him to accept of his Son Chimham in his stead. 
& I hope your Excellency will be pleased to let Mr 
Pownall Lieut Gov' of this Province represent me at 
the said meeting & I now write him agreeably there- 
unto. 

At your Leisure I shou'd be glad of the Minutes of 
the Councils of War held at Oswego. 

I have no Reason to doubt of bringing the Assembly 
of this Province into a Continuance of Col' Schuyler 
with His Eegiment agreeable to your Desire. 

Upon the Accounts I sent Home to the King's Min- 
isters of what had passt in this Goverm' relating to the 
Common Cause I have lately rec"^ a Letter from White- 
hall couch'd in very handsome Terms with Respect to 
this Province. 

Agreeable to your Excell'' desire I met the Assem- 
bly of this Province the 12: Ins*, when I laid your 
Letter before them of the 9: of Sep' for a Commissioner 
to be sent from hence to N. York and urged the 
Matter upon them but they wou'd not come into it 
and yet I believe they are very well spirited in Gen- 
eral for the good of the Common Cause altho Penn- 
sylvania sets them so vile an Example. ^' '^ * * 
I am Sir youi- Excelly' Most obedient &c. 

J. Belcher 



170 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Governor 
Pownall — requesting his attendance at the Conven- 
tion of Governors in New York. 

Nov 21 1T55 

Lieut Gov"" Pownall 
Sir 

I hope you duly rec'' mine of the 10: Ins* in Answer 
to your Honours of tha 29: of Ocf from Albany since 
which I have a Letter from General Shirley desiring 
me if my Health wou'd allow to be at N. York the last 
Week ill this month where a Congress is to be held by 
the Gov'^ of several of His Majesty's Colonies but as 
my paraiytick Disorder will not admit of my being 
personally present at it I very well approve of Your 
Honours appearing there & representing me as Gov"" of 
His Majesty's Province of N. Jersey and where I doubt 
not you will do all in your Power for advancing the 
Kings Honour & Interest and the Welfare & Prosperity 
of His Majesty's Provinces in General and of this in 
Particular to which you and I have the Honour to 
stand so nearly related and these are all the Instruc- 
tions I can give you till I have from General Shirley a 
particular Account of the Occasion of this Congress 
and which he has promised soon to transmit me. I 
am in the mean time and always with Esteem and 
Kespect 

Sir, your Honours assured friend & most humble 
serv\ J. Belcher 



1755] 



ADMIXISTRAIION OF GOVEENOE BELCHEE. 



171 



Accounts of the Treasurer of East New Jersey from 
June 21, 1754, to November 21, 1755. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, I. 20.] 

Province of New Jersey to Andrew Johnston 
Treasurer of the Eastern Division. 

DR. 

To Sundry Payments from the 21*' June 1754 to the 
21'.' November 1755. Viz' 

His Excellency Gov'! Belcher Sundry War- 
rants £1060. 0.00 

Gentlemen of the Council . . . 112.16. 

Gentlemen of the Assembly. . . 335. 8. 

Attorney General 7.10. 

Judge of the Supream Court. . . . 16. 5. 

Eastern Treasurer . . . . 60. 0. 

Clerk of the Council 7.10.0 

Clerk of the Circuits 10. 0. 

Clerk of the Assembly T5. 2.10 

Doorkeepers and Serjent at Arms, . 21. 3. 

Acco" of Expence for Express &c . . 23. 0. 7i 
Hire of Roomes for the Council & for the 

Assembly 20.16. 6 

The Commissioners for Paying the Ex- 
pence of his Majestys forces Travel 
mg through this province. 



, 300. 0. 0. 
£2049.11.11 



CR. 



By Ballance of Acco" on 21*^.' June 1754. £1158. 
By a tax payable by the Several Countys 

Eastern, on the 21'=' November 1754, 

Viz'. 



5. 5 



173 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

Middlesex County . . £181. 5. 5 
Monmouth .... 262.17. 4 

Sussex 155.14:. 3 

Somerset. . . . . 223. 6. 2 
Bergen . . £131.16. 
Ditto for last Years 

Deficiency. . 197.13.11 

£329. 9.11 

£1152.13. 1 



£2310.18. -6 

Andrew Johnston Treasurer of the Eastern Division 
of New Jersey Appeared before me Thomas Bartow 
one of the Aldermen of the City of Perth Amboy and 
being duely sworn Declares (to the best of his knowl- 
edge) that the Above Accco^' is a True State of the 
Receipts and Payments by him from 21!! June 1754 to 
the 21!! November 1755. 

And')' Johnston 

Sworn the 26. Novf 1755 Before me 

THOf Bartow 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor Dimviddie — relating to the military operations. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Nov 25':" 1T55 

Lieut Gov Dinwiddie 
Sir 

I was Yesterday favour'd with your Letter of the 
12: Curr' — if I had had the Honour to have been at the 
late Councils of War I cou'd by no means have agreed 
to have order'd Col' Dunbar with sixteen hundred 
men to have come from Fort Cumberland in long and 
tedious Marches to parade it all Winter at Albany — 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 173 

when nothing less could be expected by then- with- 
drawing than continual Murders & Depredations on 
these Southern Colonies and by a Letter I have from 
Gov' Morris of the 17. Ins^ the Enemy have past the Sus- 
quehannah & had fallen upon Tulpichochin one of the 
finest Settlements in Pennsylvania & I am daily ex- 
pecting to hear of their coming over the Delaware to 
harrass & distress the Frontiers of this Poor little 
Province I have therefore issued Orders to every 
Col' &c. * * * * 

Gov' Sharpe call'd on me about a Fortnight ago and 
told me the people of Maryland were lulling them- 
selves into the same stupid false Security [as those of 
Pennsylvania.] What shall we say Sir, — Quos Deus 
vult perdere prius dementat. 

One of the most glorious Campaigns the great Duke 
of Marlborough ever made was in a severe Winter and 
when he did not quit the Field till the Month of Janu- 
ary — and I shou'd really have thought our little Army 
of 8 or 10,000 men might have made an Attempt on 
Crown Point — but that Matter is over at Present <& 
God Almighty grant Wisdom Spirit & Resolution for 
better conducting the Operations of the next Cam- 
paign & to be early in the Field is a most essential 
thing — I mean to have the Forces at their several 
Places of Rendezvous so as to be ready to march to the 
Places of their Destination by the Beginning of May 
& had it been so this Year Fort Duquesne had in all 
probability been ours. 

By letters to the 9V' of last Month from England it 
was still uncertain when a War wou'd be declared. 

I respectfully salute you and am 

Sir, Your Honours Most Obed' &c. 

J Belcher. 



174 ADMIXISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Letter of Governor Belcher to the Colonels of Regi- 
ments in Neiv Jersey — directing them to muster 
their troops, and march to the Delaivare river. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq 
Cap' General and Gov"" in chief in & over His 
Majestys Province of Nova Caesarea or New 
Jersey and Territories thereon depending 
in America Chancellor & vice Admiral in 
the same. 

To the Hono^'^ Joseph Tuttle Esq'' CoP of the 
Regiment of Militia in the County of Mor- 
ris in the Province afores''; or to the Com- 
manding Officer of the s'^ Eegiment for the 
Time being 

Sir, 

Having about an Hour ago rec" p Express several 
Affidavits of the French & Indians burning a town at 
the Forks of Delaware and murdering all the People — 
& from which I am in Hourly expectation to hear of 
their coming into this Province— these are to require 
you in His Majesty' Name forthwith to muster your 
Regiments & to see they be well furnished with Arms 
Amunition vfe Provisions & to march with them imme- 
diately towards the River Delaware & to endeavour to 
get the best Information you can where you may meet 
them either in this Province or Pennsylvania & to 
repell & destroy them in the best manner you can & 
for which this shall be your Warrant. 

Given under my hand & Seal at Arms at the Borough 
of Eliz"^ this 2G: day of Nov' in the twenty ninth Year 
of His Majesty" Reign Annoq Domini 1755. 



1755J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 175 

(The same to Joseph Stout Esq^ Col*^ of the Regi- 
ment of Militia in the County of Hunterdon to Hono^''^ 
John Schuyler Esq. Col' of the Regiment of Militia & 
also of the Regiment of Horse in the County of Ber- 
gen. — Also to Col° John Low of the Regiment of 
Mihtia in the County of Essex.) 



Letter from Governor Belcher to his nepheiv, P. Oliver. 

[From Belcher Pajjers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Elizabeth Town Nov[ 27, 1755 
Mr. P. Oliver 

My Dear Nepheiv, 

Sir, I have duly rec'' your very good Letters of 20: of 
Sep^ & of 10:Curr' I am too old to accost my Rela- 
tion & Friends in Compliment or Adulation therefore 
what drops from my Pen proceeds from the most 
secret Recesses of my heart in great Integrity and 
Sincerity. 

I have feasted and Regaled myself once & again 
v/ith your fine ingenious Letter of 20: of Sept too full 
of Gratitude for the little Instances of Love and Affec- 
tion I was capable of shewing you and your Wife in 
your late Visit to your Uncle Broken with Age. The 
Sacred Pages tell us, the desire of a man is his Kind- 
ness and altho' I cou'd not entertain you politely in 
this rustick obscure Part of the Globe yet what I cou'd 
do I did most heartily & your kind Visit greatly re- 
fresht my Bowels & rejoiced my heart. 

I thank you, Sir, for the Share you are pleased to 
take in the Pleasure and Comfort God pleases to Grant 
me in the Ease of my Administration among a People 
who love me and I love them & I have reason to be- 
lieve that were this Governm* Elective nineteen in 



176 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

twenty wou'd give me their Voices — indeed I believe 
it is a Government of the least Profit of any in His 
Majestys Gift on the English Continent and yet per- 
haps many a man in my Station wou'd have made 
much more of it than I dare (and at same time might 
have thought he did it with a good Conscience) the 
Publick Records of this Pi"ovince will always shew to 
a Shilling what I have received in this Government. 

I thank God who has inabled me to keep my hands 
empty and clean and my Fingers from all Corruption 
by the unrighteous Mammon. ***** * * 

I am much pleased with the fine Description you 
give of the dreadful Storm you met with off New 
London and I thank God that he who holds the Winde 
in his Fist & makes His Thunders and his Lightnings 
exactly fulfill his Pleasure was your Covert in the 
mighty Tempest & safe guarded you to your Habita- 
tion, Children and Friends where may you always live 
as weU as speak his Praises. ******** 

I wish you and your Family all the Blessings of this 
Life and a better and am obliged for all your kmd de- 
sires for me and mine & thus I remain, 

Dear Sir, Your aged, loving Uncle 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Anderson — 
relating to Military requirements. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Ilist. Soc] 

Eliz^ Town Nov 28 1T55 

Coll Anderson 

Sir 

Yesterday about 4 o'clock in the Afternoon I rec'' p 
Express yours of 2(): CLirr\ together with a Particular 
Account from Mr Russell of the Present distrest Con- 



1755] ADMIN ISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 17? 

dition of the Inhabitants of this Province from the 
near Approach of the Enemy to our Borders: Upon an 
Apprehension of this I issued my Orders the 12: Inst 
to every Col' of this Province to muster his Eegiment 
&c * * * 

I hear Col' Stout and Col' Vancampen Mrere getting 
together a Number of men and near three Thousand 
marcht Yesterday from Morris County and Col' Low 
of the County of Essex and Col' Schuyler of the 
County of Bergen are to march on Monday next the 
first of Dec'^ v^ith five hundred men more, and I am 
this Morning sending Expresses to several other Col" 
to march with their Quotas that I hope we shaU soon 
have a Body of two thousand men ready to give the 
French & Indians a Warm Reception upon their 
Approach. 

As to a Garrison and men to keep it that must be 
done by the Assembly who must also supply the Fire- 
locks and A munition you mention and I shall caU 
them together as soon as possible to lay before them 
the present deplorable condition of the Province. I 
am very well pleased & so is every Body else at your 
good Eesolution & Readiness to the Service of your 
King & Country. May God Almighty keep and pro- 
tect you & your Neighbours from the Barbarities and 
Cruelties of the French and Indians who are making 
their utmost Attempts to drive all the King's Subjects 
from of this Continent. I am, Sir, your good Friend, 

J. Belcher 



12 



178 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1765 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Andrew 
Johnston — directing him, without delay, to carry 
out previous orders. 

Eliz^ Town Nov 28: 1755 

Col"; Johnston 
Sir 

As I am daily receiving Expresses of the near ap- 
proach of the French and Indians to the Frontiers of 
this Province you must have recourse to my Order of 
the 12: Inst, and put it in Execution without any 
Delay. I mean to detach three hundred effective men 
out of your Eegiment and to march at the Head of 
them yourself or if you are not able, to put them under 
the Command of an able and good Officer who must 
go forward upon the best Intelligence he can get to 
meet, repel and destroy the Enemy wherever he can 
find them. The bearer hereof Cap* W™ Skinner' offers 
his Service to go in any Suitable Command upon this 
Occasion and I desire he may be incouraged as I 
think him a Young Gentleman very capable of the 
Service, I am, 

Hono''" Sir Your Friend, &c. 

J Belcher 



' William Skinner was the third son of the Rev. William Skinner, of Perth Am- 
boy, and entered into the Provincial service early in life. He was at Oswego in 
September, 1755, and again in 1756, when the fortress was smrendered to the 
French. As a prisoner of war Captain Skinner was sent to France, and remained 
there till the May following, and was exchanged in September. Through many in- 
fluential friends he was promoted into tlie regular service. He was gazetted Cap- 
tain August, 1759, and, as Major of Royal Volunteers, was in the expedition to Belle 
Isle in 1761. In 1762 he accompanied the army to Port Royal, and in 1763 received 
his promotion as Lieut. -Colonel; sliortly after which he returned to England, and 
had risen to the rank of Colonel previous to the Revolution. He died in England 
about 1778. Colonel Skinner married a daughter of Lady Warren, and his only 
child, Susannah, married Henry, 3d Viscount Gage; and her son, Henry Hall Gage, 
a few years since was the possessor of the title and estate of the parent. See 
" Contributions to the Early History of Perth Amboy and adjoining country," pp. 
112-119.— Eu. 



1755J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 179 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Colonel Joseph Tut- 
tle — relating to the defence of the frontier. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz^ Town Nov 29 1755. 
Col"- Tuttle 

Sir 

I have your Letters of 27: and 28 Ins*, with what 
you inclosed from Col' Vancampen informing of the 
present difficult Situation the Province is in with Re- 
spect to the Approach of the Enemy and that you had 
detacht about three hundred men which were marcht 
under the Command of Col' Ford. 

I Hke well the Proposal of raising a thous'' Volun- 
teers to be under the Command of such Officers as 
shall be pleasing to the men to march and scour the 
Frontiers and even to proceed to Shamokin in Penn- 
sylvania and to captivate kill and destroy all the 
Indians & French joined with them in the Barbarities 
& Murders they are daily committing on His Majesty's 
good Subjects & if men shou'd appear to go at their 
own Charge I am content they shou'd choose their own 
Officers. As to Garrisons or Forts, that's a Charge the 
Assembly must defray which I shall press upon them 
at their next meeting, in the mean time the sooner 
this Affair be pusht forward the better & when they 
are ready to march let me have Expresses with Par- 
ticular Accounts of their Proceedings & when they go 
I shall write to the GroV" of Pennsylvania to raise and 
march a good Number of men to join them. I am 

Sir, Your ready Friend. 

J. Belcher 



180 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Col. Schuyler — about 
marching to Minisink. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz^ Town Nov' 30 1755 
Col"- Schuyler 

Sir 

I have just now rec"^ yours of this Date with a Par- 
ticular Ace* of the number of the Enemy that have 
done the mischief at Minisinck which exceeds what we 
imagined I therefore well approve of your taking 
under your Command the two (or three if you Please) 
northermost Companies of Essex Eegiment that you 
may go strong & inclosed is my Order to Col' Low in 
Conformity. I desire you to make all possible Dis- 
patch & let me be constantly hearing from you. I am, 

Your assured ¥y'\ 

J. Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Governor Morris, of 
Pennsylvania — about military movements. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.] 

Eliz^ Town Dec 1 1755 

Governor Morris 
Sir 

My last was the 25"' of Nov^ f the hands of Doc' 
Shippen since which I have your Honours of 29 of 
same month with the Papers inclosed giving a Partic- 
ular Ace' of the Motions of the Enemy and I am glad 
this httle Province are in good Spirits and readiness to 
assist your People who I hope will return it to them as 
there may be Occasion for their help in this Province 
where I am daily expecting the Enemy who I doubt 



1755] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 181 

not you will have heard have a few days ago burnt a 
town at Minisinck and put the Inhabitants to Death 
and by reason of the constant Accounts I have rec*^ I 
have had between two and three Thousand men the 
Week past marching & Countermarching towards the 
Borders of this Province but as yet we have seen none 
of the Enemy. 

I am glad the Proprietors have contributed £5000 
towards the Defence of your Province and that the 
Assembly had passed a Bill for £60,000 for the like Ser- 
vice and to which you have given your Assent — it is a 
very handsome Supply and will enable you in this time 
of Distress to raise a good Body of men for the De- 
fence of your Frontiers in which I wish you much 
Success & am 

Sir Your Honours Most^ Obedt- &c. 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary Read 
— directing him to call a meeting of the Assembly. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz^ Town Dec^ 3 1755 
M"- Sec^y Read 

Sir 

From the Accounts I am daily receiving of the Dis- 
tress & Danger the Inhabitants of the Frontiers are in 
from the near approach of the Enemy & of Numbers 
of them withdrawing from their Habitations on the 
Frontiers I thought it proper to call the Council who 
met me here yesterday & in a full Council unani- 
mously advised me to see the Assembly as soon as 
possible this is therefore to direct you to summon them 
to meet me here on Monday the fifteenth day of this 
month I am Sir 

Your ready Fr'! 

J Belcher 



182 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 



Order from Governor Belcher to the Colonels of New 
Jersey Regiments — relating to the defence of Mor- 
ris and Sussex Comities. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc. I 

Dec. 3 1755 
Proclamation of Gov*" Belcher. 

To Col' John Low of Essex — you are hereby com- 
manded to order one Cap^ and one Subaltern to march 
forthwith with fifty men to the House of Col' Abra 
ham VanCampen of Sussex there to put themselves 
under the Command of such Person as I shall appoint 
Commander in chief of the Forces to be employed in 
the immediate Defence of the Frontiers of the Prov- 
uice in the Counties of Morris and Sussex, 

The Same to Col' Vanhorn of Somerset Co. for ■!() men 
Col' Stout of Hunterdon for . Of) 
Col' Johnston of Middlesex for 45 
Col' Tuttle of Morris for . . 40 
Col' Schuyler of Bergen for . 30 
Col' Low of Essex for . . 50 

265 
J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to General Shirley — 
referring to the Councils held at Oswego. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc. J 

Eliza Town Dec 4 1755 

General Shirley 
Sir 

I did my self the Honour of writing you on the 20: 
of last month and sent it to the Care of Mr Alexander 
of N. York & to which 1 ask your Eeference. 



1755] ADMIIflSTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 183 

I am now to own the Honour of your Excell^' of the 
2'^ Currt. which came to my hands yesterday ^ Col' 
Peter Schuyler with the Minutes of two Councils of 
Warr your Excell'' lately held at Oswego which I have 
read and the Advices therein seem to be well founded 
good and rational — had my health allowed I shou'd 
have been glad to have made one of the Number of 
the King's Govern ours at the intended Congress at 
N. York, but as it wiU not Lieut Gov^ PownaU will 
attend in my Stead and I wish the best Measures may 
be pitcht upon for the Success of the next Year's Cam- 
paign, and if we hope to do any good the taking the 
Field as early as possible will doubtless be advisable 
for had the late General Braddock been at Fort Du- 
quesne a month or six Weeks sooner he & the Troops 
under him had not met with the fatal Defeat they did. 

As to this httle Province I am taking all possible 
Care for the Defence and Protection of the Inhabitants 
of which Lieut Gov' PownaU who was here with the 
Governour & Council Yesterday will give Your ExcelP' 
the Particulars with my Compliments to the several 
Governours at the Congress, I am with much Respect 
Sir, your Excellency' Most Obed-, &c. 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Sir Charles Hardy, 
Governor of New York — about the Division Line 
and building of Block Houses. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliza Town Dec 4 1755 

Gov Hardy 
Sir 

I have now lying before me your Excellency* Fa- 
vour of the 30. of the last Mo. wherein I find you had 
received Instructions from the Lords Justices relative 



184 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

to the dispute of the Line between this Province and 
N. York and that you wou'd recommend to your 
Assembly their dutiful Complyance vdth what His 
Majesty justly expects from them for settling Peace 
and Tranquility between the two Provinces in bring- 
ing this long Controversy to a final Issue. I thank 
your Excellencys good Intention in this Matter assur- 
ing you I shall do all in my Power that N. Jersey may 
continue in their good Disposition to have this Matter 
finisht according to the Eules of right Reason and 
Justice. 

I thank your Excellency for the Account you give 
me of the Steps you have taken upon the Mischief done 
by the Enemy at Minisinck upon the first Intelligence 
whereof I ordered Col' John Schuyler to march with 
four or five hundred men, which he accordingly did & 
I am daily expecting to hear from him — this little 
Province is alive and in about fourteen days past we 
have had near two thousand men in several Bodies 
ranging the Woods & Frontiers and Yesterday the 
Gov' & Council came into a Resolution of building 
Forts and Block houses where it shou'd be judged 
most proper on this Side the River Delaware into 
which to distribute about 800 men & this matter I am 
pursuing with all the dispatch I can as Lieu* Gov^ 
Pownall was here Yesterday with the Governour and 
Council I desire to referr your Excels to him for the 
more particular Account of these Steps. 

As New Jersey is entering into such a measure it will 
be expected that your Excellency shou'd propose to the 
other Branches of your Legislature the sending some 
proper Persons to join with those of this Province to 
go and view and make report how many Block houses 
may be necessary to be built and at what Places and 
Distances and how many to be built in N. York in 
order to guard down along upon the River Delaware 
& as this is judged the best Method to be gone into for 



1755] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCHER. 185 

discouraging the Enemy from their Inroads and de- 
predations on this Province & yom^s I shall not doubt 
your good and hearty Concurrence with Us in this 
Matter. I am with much Esteem, Sir, 

Your Excellency's Most Obed* &c. 

J Belcher. 

Col' Schuyler is returned from Minissinck & I have 
just now a message from him informing me that the 
Affair of Minissinck was a mistaken Alarm that there 
had been no Mischief done, nor any Enemy seen there. 



Queries from the Lords of Trade to Governor Belcher 
and his ansivers thereto — relative to the state of 
defence in Neiv Jersey. 

[Fi-om P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1. 18.J 

Queries from the Board of Trade, to Jonathan 
Belcher Esqr Governour of New Jersey. 

If What is the actual State and Quanity of the 
Canon, Small arms, Ammunition, and other Ordnance, 
and Military Stores, belonging to the Province of N. 
Jersey, either in the Pubhc magazines; or in Posses- 
sion of the Mihtia, or other Private Persons, together 
with the true State of all Places, already fortified, or 
may be further necessary to be fortified; and in what 
Manner His Majesty may further Contribute, to the 
Security and Defence of the S'! Colony ? 

Ans''': There are no Canon, Small arms or other Ord- 
nance, or Military Stores, belonging to the Province of 
N. Jersey, only such as every Private man in the 
Militia, is obliged by a Law of the Province, to furnish 
himself with. There is not in all the Province one 



186 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

Fortification, or Place of Defence, nor can I find tliere 
ever was. I have laid before His Majesty's Council, 
to consider what may be necessary, to be done in this 
Article; & in what manner, His Majesty may further 
contribute, to the Security and Defence of this Province; 
& as they are to meet me in ten days, I shall therefore 
give a more particular Answer, to the last Part of this 
Query. 

2'1 What Number of Inhabitants, Whites and Blacks, 
& how many of the former, are able to bear Arms ? 

A. By the nearest Computation, there may be about 
eighty thousand souls: (Whites,) of which about six- 
teen thousand, may be able to bear Arms. And of the 
Blacks, the Number is judged to be from fifteen to 
eighteen hundi-ed. 

3? Of what Number the Militia is composed ? how 
armed ? mustered and trained ? 

A. From a Keturn made me the last Year, from the 
Col'? of the several Regiments, the Number appear'd 
to be about thirteen thousand effective men, who are 
obliged, by a Law of the Legislature, to be mustered 
and trained, every six months, and to appear every 
man, with a good Firelock &c. fit to march against an 
Enemy. 

These Queries, my Lords, your Lordships will find 
mostly and more particularly answered, among my 
Answers to the Queries sent Your Lordships 27: of 
Dec[ last, and which Your Lordships say, in yours of 
6: of Aug!^ past, you had duly received. 

I am with great Respect, 
My Lords, Your Lordships 

Most obedient and Most humble Servant, 

J Belcher 

Eliz'I Town (N. J.) Dec-: 5: 1755 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 187 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
about New Jersey affairs. Division Line, etc. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

ElzI Town Dec 6: 1755 
Lords of Trade 

My Lords, (Extract.) 

I believe it must give Your Lordships Pleasure to 
find the Assembly of this Province have in a good 
measure fallen into their duty m this time of common 
Danger by raising a Kegiment of five hundred men in 
defence and Protection of themselves and their Neigh- 
bours & altho' they had at first provided for their Pay- 
ment and Subsistance only for six months they have 
since continued the same Provision for six Months 
longer. 

In a late Session I communicated to the Assembly 
Your Lordship's Eeport and the King's Order relative 
to their Projected Bill of emitting seventy thousand 
Pounds in Paper Cm-rency which had they drawn con- 
formable to what I wrote your Lordships of 26: Nov. 
1Y54, I shou'd have thought His Majesty's giving 
Leave to His Gov"^ to give his Assent to such a Bill 
wou'd have been of considerable Service & Ease to His 
Majesty's Subjects of this Province in this time of com- 
mon danger & wou'd have led them into Bis Majesty's 
Honour and Interest with greater Alacrity and Zeal. 

I am humbly thankfull to your Lordships in be- 
half of this Province for the Good & kind Care Your 
Lordships have taken in Order to bring the long con- 
troverted Line between this Province and N. York to 
a final Settlement, in Consequence of which the Govi: of 
N. York writes me he had received the King' Instruc- 
tion touching the said Affair and that he shou'd soon 
lay it before the Assembly of that Province. As your 



188 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERKOR BELCHER. [1755 

Lordships observe it is of great Importance that all 
matters of Dispute shou'cl fully subside among the 
King's Provinces in this time of General Danger when 
their united Strength is so necessary to be exerted in 
vindication and defence of His Majesty s Rights and 
Territories. ***** 
I have the Honour to be with great Respect 
My Lords, Your Lordships 

most obedient & most humble Serv' 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Lord Hardiuicke — 
about the necessity for capturing Canada. 

Eliz^ Town Dec 8 1755 
Lord Hardwicke 

My Lord (Extract.) 

* * ^ As to this little Province where I have the 
honour (thro' Youi- Lordship' Favour and Kindness) to 
preside they are alert and have exerted in good Pro- 
portion for the King's honour and Service and for the 
Safety and Welfare of themselves and their Neigh- 
bours, and as to myself I am much obliged to Your 
Lordshij) for the Confidence You express of my real 
disposition & Zeal for His Majesty's Interest and Hon- 
our and for the good of His N. American Colonies and 
this I am sure I shall go on to practice as long as God 
holds me in life and Reason. 

And now will your Lordships forgive me and give 
me Your Patience while I say I think unless Quebeck 
and the whole Canadian Country be reduced to His 
Britannick Majesty's Obedience the French wLU in the 
Course of a few Years be masters of all N. America 
(and make it a fine Empire) and if this be the Case to 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 189 

prevent it in time why should not the Enghsh 
Provinces from Nova Scotia to Georgia (thirteen) raise 
thu'ty thousand effective men and seasonably apply to 
His Majesty to send six thousand British Regulars to 
be incorporated v^ith them & so to make the whole 
Body thirty six thousand men and also to send a suf- 
ficient Squadron of Ships to the Gulph of St. Lawrence 
to assist in the Reduction of Quebeck & this whole 
Armament to be ready by all the month of June next 
to proceed upon the Business Carthago est delenda and 
which will be doing the thing effectually & the Prov- 
inces canfwith Ease i-aise and. spare the number of 
men I have mentioned — but I believe this thing will 
not be effected without the Aid and Assistance of the 
British Parliament to mark out and ascertain the 
several Quotas or Proportions of men and Money to be 
raised by each several Colony or Province and besides 
the six thous'^ Regulars Artillery, Small arms & Amu- 
nition must come from Great Britain foi' they are not 
to be had here. I wou'd say it my Lord with great 
Deference to the King's Ministers, that I think we are 
but playing'at small Game (at a vast Expence of Blood 
& Treasure) while we are attempthig to attack the 
Number of the Enemy's small Forts, therefore wou'd 
it not be better at once to be at the necessary (and 
smallest) Charge of attacking the Metropolis of Canada; 
and this Matter I ventured to hint to the Secry of State 
some Weeks ago — the People of the Provinces seem so 
well spirited to raise the Troops I have mentioned that 
I think there wou'd be little Difficulty in it, and, my 
Lord, if we wou'd hew^ the tree down effectually the 
sacred Pages tell us we must lay the Ax to the Root — 
the present Complexion of Affairs in N. America seem 
to say the coming Year will be the Criterion whereby 
we shall be able to conclude whether the French shall 
drive us into the Sea or whether King George shall be 
Emperour of N. America which is of so great Use and 



190 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

Importance to the Mother Country it self as well as to 
aU the British Islands. 

The Troops being raised on this side the Water will 
save the vast Expence of Transportation, delay, Sick- 
ness of the Passage and many other difficulties & 
Dangers. 

May the omniscient all wise Governour of the Uni- 
verse constantly inspire Your Lordship with the 
Greatest Degrees of Wisdom and Knowledge to the 
best advantage of your King and Country — with my 
highest Compliments of Respect to good and Excellent 
Lady Hardwicke and with the greatest duty, Deference 
& Gratitude I am 

My Lord Your Lordships Most obhged &c. 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge, 
London —appointment of Chief Justice Aislehy. 

fFrom Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Dec 10 1Y55 
Brother Partridge (Extract.) 

* * * I observe Mr W™ Ailesby is appointed 
Chief Justice of this Province whither he may be com- 
ing in the Spring and I hope he has a good Salary from 
the Crown for the Assembly voted but about £25 
Str. a Year in their last Allowance to the Chief Jus- 
tice of this Province. 

* -X- * * * <f * * 

I would have you very vigilant with the Lord C r 



and at the Publick Offices that nothing may be done 
to my Prejudice for I am apprehensive & not without 
Reason that my Second in this Government' w^ont 

' Lieutenant-Governor Pownall.— Ed. 



1755] ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 191 

scruple to attempt anything he may think for his Ser- 
vice and Interest. 

Yesterday my Son the Chief Justice of Nova Scotia 
gave me the great Pleasure of imbracing him here 
where he intends to spend the Winter— he is in good 
health ife Spirits God be thanked & I hear discharges 
himself in his Station v^ith Reputation and Honour. 
* * * * Sir, Your Lo:Bro 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary Read 
— about the imprisonme^it of some Pennsylvania 
Indians. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N, J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz^ Town Dec 12 1T55 
M" Sec'ry Read 

Sir (Extract.) 

* * * I thank you for the Copy of the Letter 
you wrote to Mr Salter and Morris respecting the In- 
dians taken up and confined in the Gaol at Trenton 
which was a wrong Step as they were belonging to 
the Province of Pennsylvania not but that under our 
Present Difficulty with the Indians it wou'd have been 
prudent enough to have taken them up & sent them 
under a Safeguard to the Gov' of Pennsylvania who 
call'd on me two days ago in his Way to N. York & 
talkt with me relating to those Indians & for which he 
desired my Order of Releasement and Delivery to him 
self which I told him he shou'd have on his return 
But as the time of his Honours Coming from N. York 
is all together uncertain and that it may be of ill con- 
sequence to hold the Indians in Goal at Trenton in- 
closed you have my Order to M"^ Salter and M' Morris 



192 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER, [1755 

to deliver them to the Government of Pennsylvania, & 
say to the chief Magistrate in Phil?* & to treat them 
kindly in all Eespects — what ever the Charge may be 
till their getting into Pennsylvania Province will 
doubtless be paid by our Assembly — the Order to Mr 
Salter & Morris you must send ^ Express as soon as it 
gets to hand. 

I have signed an Adjournment for Gloucester Court 
on the very good Reasons you give therefor & M"^ 
Ogden forwards it to you ^ this Express. I hope the 
Assembly will come together full of Inclination to the 
Rehef of the Poor distrest People on the Frontiers of 
this Province otherwise they will all desert their Habi- 
tations and thereby make every Town a Frontier. 

I am well pleased at the Accounts you give me of 
your having two hundred men of your Regiment in 
Readiness to march upon my First Orders & that if 
necessary, you will go and Comand them yourself, but 
I think the present Face of Affairs does not re- 
quire the putting the Scheme in Practice wherein they 
were to assist. 

Mr. Ogden orders the Express to ride Night & day 
that these Matters of so great Importance may the 
sooner reach you and give you time to be at the As- 
sembly the first day of their Meeting. I am with kind 
respects Hono'"'* Sir 

Your very good Friend, 

J Belcher 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 193 



Message of Governor Belcher to Council and Assmhly 
of New Jersey, December 16, 1755, 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Oentlemen of the Council & of the General 
Assembly. 

From my last parting with you I have been con- 
tinually receiving ace** of the barbarous Murders & 
Cruelties committed by the Indians on our Neighbours 
of Pennsylvania & the poor People of this Province 
living on our Frontiers praying at same Time for De- 
fence & Protection in this time of Eminent Danger, 
and in Consideration of these things I directed His 
Majesty's Council to meet me to have their Advice 
what was most necessary & expedient to be done, 
and they were unanimously of Opinion that the As- 
sembly shou'd meet & the whole Legislature enter into 
a joint Consultation upon the present Situation of Af- 
fairs; the Particular Proceedings of the said Council I 
have ordered to be laid before you together with a 
Proclamation Issued by their Advice 

The poor People living on our Frontiers being in con- 
tinual Danger and distress fearing soon to be attackt 
by the Enemy as you will find by many Letters and 
Petitions which shall be laid before you, it seems ab- 
solutely necessary that a Number of Blockhouses be 
built without delay on the River Delaware & to be 
furnisht with three of four Hundred men & with 
Arms, Amunition &c. which Provision must be made 
by you Gentlemen of the General Assembly, & for 
which charge I beheve you will find your Constituents 
very desirous to be taxt, & since they are willing to 
part with a Reasonable Share of their estates to save 
the rest with the Lives of themselves, their Wives & 
13 



194 ADMINISTRATION^ OF GOVERlSrOR BELCSER. [1755 

Children I think you cannot balance the thing in any 
delay but immediately grant a Supply for defraying 
the Charge of doing what I have mentioned. 

Gentlemen of the Council and of the General As- 
sembly, 

I hope all the Branches of the Government wiD act 
in the best Union and Harmony in the present Emer- 
gency for maintaining the Safety and Welfare of the 
Province always considering, if the Inhabitants of the 
Frontiers are forced to leave their Habitations the 
Towns that seem now to be in less Danger will soon 
become Frontiers to the Ruin of the Province, to pre- 
vent which nothing in our Power shou'd be wanting. 

J. Belcher 

Eliz'^ Town Council Chamber Dec 16 1755. 



Letter from Gove7mor Belcher to General Shirley. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. See] 

Eliz-^ Tow^n Dec 17 1755 

General Shirley 

Sir (Extract.) 

* * ^ The House of Assembty have just now sent 
me a Message, Copy whereof I now cover to your 
Excell^' * * * I heartily join with the General As- 
sembly that the Eegiment raised by this Province & 
paid by them shou'd be employed for the Defence of 
this Province till such time as Your Excell^ shall want 
them elsewhere & I hope there will be no difficulty 
about this Reasonable Request for shou'd there, I am 
afraid it would check and impede the Present Alacrity 
of this Province in their future Proceedings in the 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 195 

General Cause for the Safety & defence of the King's 
Provinces. 

For the better dispatch in this Matter I have desired 
the Assembly to send tvv^o of their Members to wait on 
Your Excell'' & to bring me an Answer to this Letter. 
I am with great Esteem & Respect 

Sir Your Excell^' Most Obedient &c. 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Walley — referring 
to Rev. Mr. Whitefield. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

[Eliza Town] Dec 18. 1755 

Mr Walley 
Sir 

I blush and am quite ashamed so late to say that I 
duly rec'' your very kind Favour of 11 Nov 1754 which 
I hope you will forgive while 1 tell you that the past 
Year has been full of Motions and Commotions that 
have crowded me beyond what is common. 

And yet I have often regaled myself with the pleas- 
ing Acct you give me of the extraordinary Reception 
the dear and ad mirable Whitefield met with at Boston 
so contrary to the Fears and Expectations of many of 
his Friends, tho' I must say I was of a Contrary Opin- 
ion for God will not forsake those that sincerely put 
their Trust in him even beyond their Hopes — after he 
left my House I rec" several Letters from him in his 
Journey to Georgia full of Blessings & Praise to God 
for the crowded Audiences that attended his Preaching 
thro' the several Provinces & that he charitably hoped 
some that were before Strangers to the new Birth 
were Savingly brought home to Christ, and he writes 



196 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BEtCHER. [1755 

me from London with the same Thanksgiving of such 
Instances there, — may he go on in the Strength of 
Christ to pull clown the Strong Holds of Sin & Satan 
to the Honour and Glory of the Redeemer's Kingdom 
— Amen. 

As to myself, Sir, I am feeble and sore-broken and 
yet God gives me a reasonable measure of Health and 
Strength &c. * * * 

I am, Worthy & Dear Sir your friend &c. 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to his son Andreiv. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz^ Town Dec 19. 1755 
Mr Belcher 

Son Andrew (Extract.) 

Altho' the Affairs of this Government crou'd upon 
me very much yet I wou'd own your good Letter of 9: 
Ins* '^ the Post and am thankfull to God the great 
Preserver who so kindly preserved you your Wife and 
Family and Substance in the time of the late awful 
and amazing Earthquake.' I pray God to sanctifye to 
you such a terrible Warning by leading you into a 
more strict and religious Walk with himself — consid- 
ering the Horrour and Affright you must have been in 
at the tremendous agitation I readily over look your 
not answering my two last Letters so particularly as 
you intend. * * * 

Your very aff : Father. 

J Belcher 

' Felt in New York and surrounding country, November, 1755. 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 197 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Richard Partridge — 
the Assembly then in session. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliza Town (N J) Dec 20 1755 

Mr Partridge 
My good Brother (Extract.) 

* * * The Assembly of this Province is now sit- 
ting here dehberating upon Ways and Means for se 
curing and protecting the People on our Borders where 
we are daily expecting the Enemy & for about six 
Weeks past I have had between two & three thou- 
sand men traversing & patroHng the whole length of 
our Frontiers & if the Enemy cross the Delaware to 
this Province I believe they will meet a warm Kecep- 
tion for really, Brother, N. Jersey is well alive & ex- 
erts to the Honour & Interest of their King & Country 
& the whole Legislature (Gov"", Council, & Assembly) 
are in great Union & harmony among themselves & 
for these thiugs God's holy Name be praised — With 
my kind wishes for your health Ease & Welfare I am 

Sir, Your Loving Bro: 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Consul Dean — about 
the progress of the College, etc. 

(From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc.j 

Dec' 20 1755 

Consul Dean 

My Worthy Friend 

I wrote you the 21: of Dec' last and which my 
Brother Partridge writes me was duly forwarded to 
you and I hope it had the Pleasure of kissing your 



198 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

hands — since that your Favour of 1-i: Oct. 1754 I rec" 
the 31 : of Jan following by the Rev" Mr Tennent. Mr 
Da vies on his Return hither told me how kindly you 
rec*^ him & of your great Friendship for the Interest of 
our College & for which I send you my most gratefull 
Acknowledgemen'^ The generous Benefactions We 
found on your side the Water have enabled Us to get 
forward with the Building of the College and which I 
believe will be ready the next Year for receiving a 
good Number of Students & 1 hope by the Favour of 
God this Society wiU become a great Blessing to the 
present & future Generations. 

My paralytick Disorder (as well as yours) increases 
upon me, and I am otherwise environed with the In- 
firmities of 74:— Si great Age I— I pray God to teach me 
so to number my Days as to apply my heart unto 
Wisdom. * * * 

I am, My Worthy Friend 

Yours- in much Love & Affection, 

J Belchee 



Message of Governor Belcher to the House of As- 
sembly — communicating a letter from General 
Shirley. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Gentlemen of the General Assembly. 

I have an Answer from General Shirley to the Let- 
ter I wrote him at your Request (and which was com- 
municated to you) several Paragraphs of which Ans"" 
being coucht in the following Terms "The distin- 
guished Zeal and Spirit of the Assembly for promoting 
His Majesty's Service and the General Good of his 
Colonies on this Continent in what His Majesty es- 



1755] ADMINISTRATIOli OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 199 

teems and really is a most essential Part of the Expe- 
dition he has been pleased to order." 

'' Nothing shall be wanting in me to represent in a 
just Light to His Majesty the signal Service which 
His Province of the New Jerseys hath done at this 
Critical Conjunction for their King and Country." 

"Your ExcelF must be sensible how greatly the 
Success of that will depend upon as early a Campaign 
as is possible and that it is necessary that the Troops 
shou'd Imbark for Albany by the first day of March 
next without fail." 

" Col' Schuyler whose Command of the>,New Jersey 
Regiment hath made it more beneficial to me than 
it cou'd otherwise have been to whose Assistance 
of me in every Part of His Majesty's Service at Oswe- 
go I am greatly indebted and who wou'd be an Honour 
to the Service in any Corps will wait upon your Ex- 
celP' & let you particularly into the Circumstances of 
the Soldiers. I understand they have Cloths & Stores 
now at Albany or Schenectady but it is impracticable 
to get them back here at this Season and indeed I be- 
lieve it wou'd be greatly to their Prejudice if they 
were to make Use of them before their Imbarkation 
from Schenectady — they will Hkewise want Tents & 
some Muskets & perhaps some other matters as he 
will inform you." 

"I have given Orders to Col' Schuyler to employ 
the Regiment under His Command as your Excellency 
shall direct untill the Time of their March to Albany 
for the next Campaign." 

These things Gentlemen of the General Assembly I 
lay before you that you may see how likely you are to 
ingratiate yourselves with His Majesty by the In- 
stances you have given of your Duty & Loyalty to His 
Service & Interest as well as to the General Safety 
and Protection of the Provinces & I mention it to your 
honoui" you have done it with Alacrity & dispatch. 



200 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEBNOR BELCHER. [1755 

You will see, Gentlemen, the General has readily 
and fully ans'' your Request of employing the Regim' 
of this Province under the Comand of Col' Schuyler 
for the Defence of our Frontiers but as they are want- 
ing of Tents, arms and other things & that the time of 
their being remanded will soon be here you may per- 
haps upon mature deliberation think it hardly worth 
while to have them alter'd from their present Situation 
but rather to make Provision for the Defence of the 
Province by raising a new Corps of men on which we 
may have a more lasting dependance. 

As I am still receiving fresh Acc^' of the Distress of 
our Frontier Inhabitants I hope you will lose no time 
in making such Determinations as shall best of all ad- 
vance the King's Honour (k Interest & the safety & 
Quiet of his good Subjects under our Care. 

J. Belcher 

Eliz^ Town Council Chamber Dec' 20: 1755 



Letter fr^om Governor Belcher to Lord Halifax — con- 
cerning Attorney-General Courtland Skinner. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc. J 

DeC^ 23 1755 

Lord Halifax 

My Lord 

It is with Uneasiness & Regret and with humbly 
asking Pardon for this Interuption while I make my 
Petition to Your Lordship in behalf of Courtland Skin- 
ner Esq' whom I some time since appointed His Maj- 
esty" Attorney General of this Province & who is a 
Young Gentleman of good Virtue and Understanding 
& esteemd as good a Master of his Profession as most 



1755] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 201 

in these Parts & has served his King & Country in 
his present Station with Integrity & Honour & much 
to the Satisfaction of the Government & of the People 
in General. 

These things notv^ithstanding, my Lord, I am told 
there are Pains taking to supplant him in his office 
but which I hope will not succeed — there is no Salary 
or Allowance made by the Crown nor any from this 
Province but what the Assembly are pleased to vote 
from Year to Year, and for several Years past it has 
not been more than Seventeen Pounds Str. a Year — so 
that the Character of it is in a Manner all the Benefit 
an Attorney General reaps from the office & in which 
I again humbly request Mr Skinner may be continued 
& Confirmed— This, my Lord, I shall esteem a particu- 
lar Favour & am with great Esteem & Eespect 
My Lords 

Your Lordships most obedient, &c. 

J Belcher 



Message from Governor Belcher to the neiv Assembly 
of New Jersey — asking for an augmentation to 
the forces of Netv Jersey. 

[From a copy among the Belcher Papers in Library of N. J Hist. Soc. | 

Gentlemen of the General Assembly. 

His Excell-' General Shirley having by his Letter of 
the 18: Inst'informed me that it wou'd be greatly for 
his Majesty's Service in the Insueing Campaign if his 
hands cou'd be strengthened by an Augmentation to 
the Regiment of this Colony under the Com'and of 
Col' Schuyler I wou'd have you exert yourselves as far 
as the Circumstances of the Colony will admit as his 
Majesty proposes to do everything for your Defence & 



202 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOll BELCHER. [1755 

that I may be able to give the Com'ander in Chief of 
His Majesty's Forces Information of what augmenta- 
tion from this Colony may be depended on. I recom- 
mend it to your House (with whom all these Supplies 
take Rise) the making a Provision for raising them 
when they shall be required. 

As the People of this Colony are greatly uneasy at 
the Neighbourhood of any Indian Familes & suspect 
the whole of them I must apply to you to provide for 
the Maintenance of such of them as shall be committed 
to the Goals either on Suspicion or to secure them from 
the Outrages of the People. 

The Distresses of the unhappy Sufferers on the Fron- 
tiers are doubtless very great & may be attended with 
the Ruin of many Families I hope you will make 
some Conditional Provision for such as cannot support 
themselves as they cannot be regularly relieved under 
any Law now in being. 

The seasonable Provision which this Province made 
for the Supply of His Majesty's Regular Troops thro' 
this Governm* served two very good Purposes as it 
expedited their March & prevented them from the 
necessity of supplying themselves with Carriages & 
other things in a way which wou'd have been ungrate- 
ful to themselves & greatly distressing to the People 
of the Colony I cannot omit inserting on this Occa- 
sion the handsome mention which is made of that 
Provision in a Letter I had the Pleasure of receiving 
from the Hono"* Col' Dunbar the Commanding Officer 
of those Troops in the following Words — viz. 

''Sir, 

It gave me the greatest Concern I cou'd not when in 
your Governm' have the honour of waiting on your 
Excell- to make my most grateful Acknowledgments 
for the great Civilities the Troops under my Command 
rec" in their March thro' your Governm' from every 
Body when we past from Trenton to Amboy." 



1755] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 203 

I earnestly recommend these Interesting Matters to 
your Consideration that by providing for them at this 
time I may not be obhged to call you together sooner 
than the general Business of the Governm' wou'd in- 
cline me to do. 

J. B. 

Eliz^ Town Council Chamber Dec' 23 1755. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to General Shirley — 
commenting upon the events of the last cam- 
paign, etc. 

[From Belcher Papers in Library of N. J. Hist. Soc] 

Eliz^ Town Dec 26 1755 

General Shirley 
Sir 

I duly rec'l the Honour of Your Excellency's Favour 
of 18 Currt "^ Mess'-* Stephens and Johnston with an 
Extract of the King's Instruction relating to the Coun- 
cil of War, & since that |? the hands of L' Gov' 
Pownall Copy of the Minutes of a Council of War held 
by Your Excell^ &c. the 12. Ins* at the City of N. 
York which Minutes I have read once & again— it 
wou'd be too tedious and Unnecessary for me to enter 
into all the Particulars of the Council of War but as 
far as I am able to make a Judgment the Plan of Op- 
eration for the next Campaign seems to be well con- 
certed in Conformity to His Majesty's Intentions & in 
the best Manner for His Majesty's Honour & Interest 
& for the Safety of His Colonies — I believe I have in 
a Letter formerly said to Your Excell^' that had we the 
last Year been in the Field two Months sooner to have 
made the several Attempts intended, the Campaign in 
the Issue had not put on such an Unfortunate Com- 



204 ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1755 

plexion, but as I see Your Excell'' (with the Council of 
Warr) is resolved that You take the Field as early as 
possible I need say no more on this head, 

I am glad to find your Exc'' so well pleased w*'' Col' 
Schuyler & as Your Excell^ does him great Honour in 
Your Letter I laid that part of it before the Assembly 
which may be to his future Service. — I also made a 
Message to them relating to an Augmentation of the 
Regiment of this Province under the Comand of Col' 
Schuyler Copy of which Message & the Assembly's 
Ans"^ I herewith send You & by which your Exc^ will 
find there is no Likely hood at present of any Addition 
to the Regiment. 

I am obliged to you for the Orders you have given 
Col' Schuyler for employing His Regiment as I shall 
think proper for the Defence & Protection of this 
Province till such Time as Your Excel!'' shall think it 
necessary to remand him — I lay'd before the Assembly 
Col' Schuyler' List of what his Regim^ wanted in Arms 
&c. & they have made the necessary Provision that 
they be supplied therewith. 

I am glad the Regiment of New Jersey was of so 
good Service to His Majesty's Honour & Interest in the 
past Campaign & wish they may still be more so in 
the Insueing. 

This whole Legislature have a gratefull Sense of the 
honour Your Excell^' does this little Province in their 
exerting for the Kings Interest & for the Safety & 
Defence of themselves & of their Neighbours. 

I am glad so good a Judge as Your Excell?' so fully 
coincides with me as to any Pretentions the Lieut 
Gov of this Province cou'd have of sitting as a Member 
in the late Congress of Governours held at N. York on 
the 18: Curr' — I should be glad of a Copy of what was 
done at the s'' Congress. * * * 

Sir Your ExceU>' Most Obedient &c. 

J Belcher 



1756] ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 205 



Letter from Secretary Hardhige to the Lords of Trade 
— relative to the pr^oper division to he made of a 
certain appropriation of Parliament. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts.. Vol. VH, p. 33.] 

My Lords 

The house of Commons having resolved that the 
sum of one hundred and fifteen thousand pounds be 
gi^anted to his Majesty upon account to be distributed 
in such proportions as his Majesty shall in his wisdom 
think fit, to his Majesty's Colonies of New England, 
New York and Jersey in America, as a Free gift 
and reward for their past services, and an encourage- 
ment to them to continue to exert themselves with 
Vigour in Defence of His Maj"' Just Eights and Pre- 
tentions, the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's 
Treasury desire that Your Lordships will be pleased to 
consider what part of the said sum of one Hundred and 
Fifteen thousand pounds may be properly allotted to 
each of the said Colonies, and favour them with Your 
opinion thereupon, and also that Your Lordships will 
repeat Your opinion to what persons the same should 
be consigned: that the respective Colonies may have 
the f uU benefit thereof. ' I am My Lords 
Yom^ Lordships most 

Faithful humble Servant 

N Hardinge. 
Whitehall Treasurer Chambers S'*" ffeb" 1756 

1 On the 12th of February the Lords of Trade designated the Governors of the 
Colonies as the proper persons to receive the consignments; the sum being divided 
as follows: 

Massachusetts Bay £54,000 

New Hampshire 8,000 

Connecticut 2 ,000 

Rhode Island 7,000 

New York 15,000 

New Jersey 5.000 

£115,000 

-Ed. 



206 A DMIIflSTRATION OF GOVEENOE BELCHEE. [1756 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Belcher — 
commending the services rendeixd by Neiv Jersey 
in defending the country. 

[From P. B. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 16, p. 4.] 

To Jonathan Belcher Esq^ Governor of New 

Jersey. 
Sir, 

Since Our Letter to you dated the 6'^ of August last 
We have received Your Letters to Us dated the 27''' of 
June, and G'*" of December last, with the Papers therein 
referred to. 

The Zeal and Spirit which the Province under your 
Government has shewn in raising a Regiment of five 
hundred Men for the Expedition under the Command 
of Governor Shirley in providing for the Defence of 
the Frontiers and in supplying the King's Troops with 
necessarys and Refreshments in their March through 
New Jersey, is greatly to be commended and We doubt 
not but that the sense which His Majesty has mani- 
fested of their past Services by freely giving them so 
large a Sum of Money in Consideration thereof, will 
animate them to exert themselves for the future in 
aiding and assisting all his Measures for the Defence of 
America and for distressing the Enemy. 

We have the satisfaction to acquaint you, that His 
Majesty has appointed the Earl of Loudoun to be 
Commander in Chief of all his Forces in America, and 
has ordered two Battalions of his Troops to be forth- 
with sent over, and four others to be raised there, and 
We think it our Duty earnestly to recommend to you 



1756] ADMIN-ISTKATIOX OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. 207 

to use Your utmost Endeavours to give his Lordship 
all the Assistance in your Power in whatever may be 
necessary for the Good of the Kings Service: 
We are, Sir, 

Your most Obedient & 

most humble Servants 

Dunk Halifax 
Fran Fane 
James Oswald 
J. Talbot. 
Whitehall February 17, 175G. 



Letter- from Governor Hardy to the Lords of Trade — 
about the questions of boundary between New 
York and New Jersey. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. VH, p. 37.] 

Fort George New York 23^ Feb^ 1756 

My Lords (Extract.) 

* * * I have some time ago laid before the As- 
sembly his Majestys Instructions for making a provi- 
sion for defraying the charges of His Matys Commission 
for determining the Line between this & the Province 
of New Jersey. They express to me great difficultys 
they are under to make the Provision directed and 
urged the great expence it would draw on this Prov- 
ince (as other Lines are equally disputed but more par- 
ticularly between us & the Massachusetts) and at this 
time when they are at such heavy expences for the 
public Service, I have argued and urged the Point 
strongly with the Speaker, and many of the Members, 
but at present notliing has been done in it. 



208 ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERKOR BELCHER. [1756 

I have endeavored to inform myself of the merits of 
this dispute, between the two Provinces, and find all 
partys agree the determination of the Line depends 
altogether upon the construction of the Duke of Yorks 
Grant I beg leave to refer it to your Lordships opinion 
if this Point may not be better discussed, and more 
equitably determined by persons under his Matys 
Commission in England than by Commissioners ap- 
pointed abroad. On the side of this Province His 
Matys Interest is greatly concerned should the deter- 
mination be made in favor of and confirmed [accord- 
ing] to the Claim of New York by which His Maty 
would have a great acquisition of ungranted Lands 
that would be readily taken up — agreeable to His 
Majestys Instructions, and I am informed might pro- 
duce Quit Eents to the Crown of near £2000 Sterling 
per annum; on the other hand should the Claim of 
New Jersey be confirmed, the acquisition of this un- 
granted Land would fall to the Proprietors of East 
New Jersey. As His Matys Interest is so principally 
concerned in this Dispute, I thought it my duty thus 
briefly to lay it before your Lordships. •» * * 
I have the honor to be Your Lordships 
most obedient & most humble Servant 

Chas: Hardy 



1756] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 209 



Draft of a Circular from the Hon. H. Fox, Secretary 
of State, to the Governors of the Colonies — relative 
to the assistance to be rendered by them to the Earl 
of Loudoun, who had been appointed Commander- 
in-Chief of all the North American forces. 

[From P. R. O. Am. & W. Indies, No. 75.] 

Whitehall March n'^ 1756 
Governors of New Hampshire New York Con- 
necticut Massachusetts Bay New Jersey, 
Rhode Island. 

Sir 

The Earl of Loudoun, whom the King has appointed 
Commander in Chief of all his Forces whatsoever in 
North America, being preparing to set out v^ith all 
possible Expedition together v^ith two Regiments of 
Foot, a Train of Artillery and a sufficient Quantity of 
Warhke Stores, which His Majesty has been pleased 
to order for the Public Service in those Parts, I am 
commanded to signify to you the King's Pleasure; 
that you should be ready to give His Lordship, and 
the Troops from England, all the Assistance in Your 
Power on their Arrival in America, agreable to the 
Orders sent You in Sir Thos. Robinson's Letter of 
October 26*^ I'? 54, and you will correspond with and 
apply to the Earl of Loudoun, on all occasions, in the 
same manner as you were directed to do with the late 
General Braddock, and Major General Shirley. 

It being of the greatest Importance, that the King's 
Regiments already in North America, (as well the 
Three stationed in Nova Scotia, as the Four in the 
Province of New York should be recruited as soon as 
possible, to their full Complement of I.OOO Men each, 
14 



210 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1756 

It is His Majesty's Pleasure that you should forthwith 
call together, the Council and Assembly, of the Prov- 
ince under your Government and that you should 
press them, in the strongest manner, to make the most 
early, and effectual Provision for raising, and assisting 
His Majesty's Officers to raise, such a Number of Men, 
as shall be sufficient to recruit the King's Regiments 
nov^ stationed, or to be stationed in North America, up 
-to their Establishments, and You wiU acquaint them, 
that the King, in order to encourage His FaithfuU 
Subjects to engage in a Service, so essential for their 
own Defence, and Preservation, does consent, that 
such Recruits, shall not be obliged to serve any where 
but in North America: — That they shall be discharged 
when Hostilities shall cease; And that each of them 
shall have a Grant of 200 Acres of Land, free from the 
Payment of Quit Rents for Ten Years, either in the 
Province of New York, New Hampshire, or Nova 
Scotia, at their own choice, which Lands shaU be 
granted them, on jDroducing their Discharge from tlie 
Commander in Chief, to the Governor of either of the 
said Provinces respectively. And in case they should 
be killed in the Service, their Widows, and Children, 
shall be entitled to the said Lands, in such Proportion 
as the Governor and Council of the Province, wherein 
such Lands lye, shaU direct. You will acquaint the 
Council and Assembly, with His Majesty's Great Good- 
ness, in having recommended their Case to the Con- 
sideration of His Parliament who have granted the 
Sum of £115,000, to be distributed in such Proportions, 
as the King shall think proper, to the four Provinces 
of New England, and those of New York, and New 
Jersey, and thereby enabled His Majesty, not only to 
manifest His Sense of their past Services, but also to 
encoui'age them for the future to exert themselves, in 
the Service, with Spirit and Vigor: — that His Majesty 
therefore expects, that they will heartily and zealously 



1756] ADMINISTKATIOK OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 211 

concur in every Measure, which shall be thought ad- 
visable for carrying on the War in North America, and 
that they will forthwith raise the same Number of 
Men, in each Colony, as were raised last Year (whereof 
as great a Proportion as maybe, to consist of Rangers,) 
to act in Conjunction with the King's Troops, in such 
operations, as shall be undertaken for annoying the 
Enemy, and recovering His Majesty's just Rights: 
This Service will be the less burthensome to them, as 
the raising of the Men, their Pay, Arms & Cloathing, 
will be all that will be required of them, Measures hav- 
ing been already taken for laying up Magazines of 
Stores, and Provisions of all kinds at the sole expence 
of the Crown; and you will use your utmost Endeav- 
ours to induce the Council and Assembly, to give the 
necessary Orders for raising their Quota of these Men, 
with the greatest Expedition, so that they may be 
ready to march to such Place as the Commander in 
Chief, shall upon his Arrival direct. 

It is also His Majesty's Pleasure that you should par- 
ticularly recommend it to your Assembly to make 
Provision out of such Funds as already exist, or may 
hereafter be raised for the King's Service, for repaying 
the Master's of such Indented Servants, as shaU en- 
gage in His Majesty's Service the Money paid by the 
said Masters upon the Original Contract, in propor- 
tion to the time, such Indented Servants have to serve; 
And you will at all times discourage the harbouring, 
concealing, or assisting such as shall desert the Service, 
and also use all means for discovering, and appre- 
hending such Deserters, You wiU likewise use Your 
best Endeavours to prevail on your Assembly to ap- 
propriate such part of the Funds now raised, or which 
shall be raised for the Public Service, to be issued and 
applied to the General Service, in such manner as 
the Commander in Chief shall direct. 

The King would have you recommend it in the 



212 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1756 

strongest manner to your Council and Assembly, to 
pass effectual Laws for prohibiting all Trade and Com- 
merce with the French, and for preventing the Expor- 
tation of Provisions of all kinds to any of their Islands 

or Colonies. 

I am &c't 

H. Fox. 



Letter frorn Lords of Trade to Oovernor Hardy— re- 
lating to the appointment of Commissioners for 
settling controversies between Neiv York and New 
Jersey arid Massachusetts. 

[From N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. VII, p. S'J.J 

To Sir Chas Hardy Kn* Gov'' of New York. 

Sir (Extract.) 

Since our letter to you dated 29"' of March we have 
received your's of the 12"' of January, and 23'' of Febr'^'' 
last and the papers transmitted with them * * * 

Another circumstance in your letter which gives us 
great uneasiness is, the refusal of the Assembly to 
make provision for the expense of a Commission for 
determining the controversies with New Jersey and 
Massachusetts Bay concerning their boundaries, the 
unsettled state of which has already been productive 
of so much mischief, and is an evil every day increasing. 
We had hopes that a matter of this nature, and which 
so essentially concerns the internal peace and quiet of 
Govern^ would not have met with any difficulty, and 
we can not but still be of opinion, that, when they 
seriously and impartially consider the case, they will 
comply with what has been so properly recommended 
to them. 

We have considered your proposal for settling tem- 



1756] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 213 

porary lines of Jurisdiction, as a means of putting a 
stop to Acts of Violence and oppression, but as the 
Crown has by the Charter to the Massachusetts Bay, 
granted the Jurisdiction as well as the property, it does 
not appear to us, that such a measure can take place 
with respect to that part of the dispute. In the case 
of New York and New Jersey, it undoubtedly may be 
done; but even that could not be done without in some 
degree affecting private property, and would be inef- 
fectual, unless provision be made for the expense of 
running out and making such a Une, when determined 
upon. 

As to the appointing Commissioners here for de- 
termining the controversy upon a supposition that it 
depends entirely upon the words of the G-rant to the 
Duke of York, the establishing such a Jurisdiction is 
altogether without precedent, liable to numberless ob- 
jections, and might be attended with very bad conse- 
quences; besides it could not be done without as great, if 
not much greater, expence than that which has been pro- 
posed, and therefore upon the whole, we are of opinion, 
that the only proper and effectual method of determin- 
ing these disputes will be by a Commission, in the 
nature of that, upon which the limits between Mas- 
sachusetts Bay and New Hampshire were settled; and 
we desire you will acquaint the Assembly that, as this 
is a matter of high concernment to the peace and quiet 
of Govern' and the lives and properties of His Majesty's 
subjects, His Majesty does expect, that they will 
forthwith make a proper provision for the expence of 
such a Commission, and give their Agent here proper 
Instructions thereupon, that there may be no further 
delay upon a matter of so great Importance. 
We are Sir 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

Dunk Halifax 
SoAME Jenyns 
13 April 1756 EiCH'' Eigby 



2li ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1756 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
informing them of the Death of James Alexander, 
Esq., one of the Council and recommending his 
son William Alexander, Esq., as his successor. 

[Fi-om P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1. 26.J 

Eliz^ Town (N J) April 23 1758 

My Lords 

In Duty to His Majesty, I am to advise You, that 
the hono^l" James Alexander Esq^ of New York, died 
the 2f Insf and as he was one of his Majesty's Council 
for this Province his death makes a Vacancy; and his 
only Son William Alexander Esq-' of N. York, has 
applyed to me to recommend to Your Lordships his 
filhng up his late Father's Place; and I can with much 
Freedom say, he is a very worthy Gentleman, & every 
way qualified according to His Majesty's 8':' Royal In- 
struction to me, in that behalf; but I think his Ap- 
pointment wou'd militate with the King's 6*" Instruc- 
tion, Copy whereof I have the Honour now to inclose 
to Your Lordships, and humbly submit the Matter to 
Your Lordships just and wise Determination, and am 
with great Regard, 
My Lords, 

Your Lordships most obedient and 
most humble Servant, 

J Belcher 



' William Alexander, afterwards known (by courtesy) as Earl of Stirling, became 
a Major-Generalin the Continental Army. See his life by his grandson, Wm. Alex- 
ander Duer, LL. I)., in Vol. II, of the "Collections of the New Jersey Historical 
Society." See also the Stirling Papers, in New York Historical Society Library, 
and copies in the Library of the New Jersey Historical Society, many of which are 
printed in the Proceedings of the Society. Vols. V, VI and VII. -Ed. 



1756] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 215 



Letter from the Lords of Trade to Governor Belcher — 
directing him, in case of his inability to attend 
any meetings of the Governors appointed by the 
Earl of Loudoun, to depute Lieut. -Governor Pow- 
nal to act in his stead. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 16, Page 7.] 

To Jonathan Belcher Esq^ Governor of New 
Jersey 

Sir 

As the Earl of Loudoun Commander in Chief of His 
Majestys Forces in America may have frequent Occa- 
sion to call together the Governors of His Majestys 
Colonys to advise and Consult with them upon such 
measures as may be proper, to be taken for their gen- 
eral Interest, and Security, and as We are sensible 
that your Age and Infirmity may make it very pain- 
full and hazardous if not impractible for you to attend 
such Meetings, We think it for his Majesty's Service 
to desire that you will upon all such Occasions when 
you are unable to attend Yourself authorize and depute 
Thomas Pownall Esq^ His Majestys Lieut- Governor to 
attend such meetings with full powers to act in every 
respect as representing the Provmce of New Jersey. 
We are, Sir Your most Obedient, 

and most humble Servants 
Dunk Halifax T. Pelham 

I. Talbot James Oswald 

SoAME Jenyns Rich'" Rigby 

W G. Hamilton 
Whitehall May 11^" 1756 



^16 ADMINISTRATIOJf OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. [1756 



Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King on 
the state of defence of the different colonies. 

(From P. R. O. B. T. Plantations General, No. 40, Ent. Book L, p. 41.] 

To the King's most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please your Majesty, 

As it appeared to Us to be of the greatest Import- 
ance, at a time when your Majesty judged it necessary 
to take vigorous Measures for asserting and maintain- 
ing your just Rights and Possessions in America, and 
for protecting your Subjects there against the En- 
croachments of a foreign Power, that your Majesty 
should be truly & exactly informed of the State of De- 
fence of your several Colonies & Plantations, We 
thought it Our Duty in Sept"^ last to direct the respec- 
tive Grovernors tiiereof to prepare and transmit to Us, 
with all possible dispatch, an Account of the actual 
Quantity and State of the Cannon, Small Arms, Amu- 
nition and other Ordnance Stores belonging to their 
respective Governments, either in the pubUck Maga- 
zines or in the Possession of the Militia or other private 
Persons, as also the true State of all Places either al- 
ready fortified or which they should judge necessary 
to be fortified, together with their Opinions respec- 
tively in what manner your Majesty may further con- 
tribute to the Defence and Security of such Colony: 
And having lately received Returns from your Maj- 
esty's Governors of New Hampshire, Rhode Island, 
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, 
Georgia, Jamaica, the Leeward Islands, and the Vir- 
gin Islands, We humbly beg leave, without delay, to 



1756] ADMIITISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 317 

lay the same before your Majesty, and shall think it 
Our Duty humbly to represent to your Majesty the 
State of Defence of the rest of your Majesty's Plan- 
tations, so soon as we shall have received the Uke Re- 
turns from the respective Governors of them. 

[Here follows accounts of the Provinces of New 
Hampshire, Rhode Island and New York.] 

New Jersey. 

Your Majesty's Province of New Jersey appears to 
be in the most naked and defenceless Condition. 
For Jonathan Belcher Esq', yom- Majesty's Governor, 
in his Letter dated the 5"' of December last, acquaints 
Us, That there are no Cannon, Small Arms or other 
Ordnance or MiHtary Stores, belonging to the said 
Province, and that there is not, nor (as he is informed) 
ever was in all the Province, one Fortification or Place 
of Defence. That he has recommended it to your Maj- 
esty's Council to consider, what may be necessary to 
be done for the Defence and Security of the said 
Province, and in what manner your Majesty may con- 
tribute thereto ; and when he has received their Advice, 
he shall make a further Representation to Us there- 
upon. 

With respect to the Number of the Inhabitants and 
of the Mihtia in your Majesty's said Province, M' 
Belcher informs Us, 

That there may be about 80,000 Whites, of which 
about 16,00 may be able to bear Arms, and that the 
Number of Blacks is computed to be between 15 & 1800. 

That from the return made the last year by the 
Colonels of the several Regiments, the Number of the 
Militia appeared to be about 13,000 effective Men, who 
are obhged by a Law of the Province to be muster'd 



218 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1756 

and train'd every six months, and to appear every Man 
with a good Firelock, &c. fit to march against an 
Enemy. 

[Here follov^r accounts of Pennsylvania, Virginia, 
Georgia and Jamaica, &c.J 
All which is most humbly submitted. 

Dunk Halifax. T. Pelham. 
James Oswald. Soame Jenyns. 
Rich'? Rigby. W. G. Hamilton. 

I. Talbot. 
Whitehall, May 11*" 175^. 

[Under date of June 1'* the following additional in- 
struction was sent to each of the Governors,] 

Additional Instruction to Our Trusty and Well- 
beloved 

Wher^eas by our Declaration dated the 17'^ day of 
May last, We have thought fit to declare War against 
the French King, His Subjects and Vassals; and 
whereas We have been informed, that heretofore in 
times of War Our Subjects in several of Our Colonies 
and Plantations in America have Corresponded with 
Our Enemies and supplied them with Provisions and 
warhke Stores, whereby Our Service has been greatly 
prejudiced, and the safety of Our Dominions endan- 
gered; It is therefore Our express Will and Pleasure, 
that you do ivith the Advice of Our Council omitted iu 
take the most speedy and effectual Measures ^^^ instruc- 
to hinder all Corresix)ndence between any of ^°"o of con- 
Our Subjects inhabiting Our [Province, necticut- 
Colony or Island or Island of ] under your Pennsylvania 
Government and the Subjects of the said Maryland. 
French King, and to prevent any of the Colonies or 
Plantations belonging to Our Enemies or other Places 
possess'd by them in America, being supplied, either 



1756] ADMiNIf5TRATI0N OP GOVERNOR BELCHER. 319 

by Land or by Sea, from [our said Province Colony 
or Island] under your Government v^ith Provisions or 
warlike Stores of any kind. 

And in Case you shall find it necessary to have An 
Act pass'd for the Purposes above mentioned, you are 
earnestly to recommend it in Our Name to totheLegis- 
Our Council and to the Representatives of c on n-. & 
Our said [^Province Colony or Island'] to pre- Ri^ode is- 
pare and pass such Act. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade- 
expressing his gratification that the course of Neiv 
Jersey is approved. 

[From p. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1. •^.] 

Eliz^ Town (N J) June 15, 1756 
My Lords, 

The last I had the Honour of writing Youi* Lord- 
ships was on the 27. of April past by the Earl of Lei- 
cester Packet. — and I am now to own the Receipt of 
Your Lordships Favour of 17. of Feb!' which came to 
my hands 7. Ins- by the Packet to N. York. 

And it is with much Satisfaction and Gratitude 
that I own the kind Sentiments Your Lordships are 
pleased to express of the Conduct and Behaviour of 
this Government towards the Support (according to 
their little Power) of His Majesty^ honour & Interest 
on the present emergent Occasions of his Territories 
and of His People in N. America, and I do assure Your 
Lordships they express the most gratef ull Sense of His 
Majesty? great Goodness and Bounty they are expect- 
ing in the Propoi-tion of a handsome Sum of Money 
granted by Parliament to several of His Majesty's 



220 ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1756 

Colonies, & I hope His Majesty? steady Paternal Care 
will more & more animate this Province to their Duty 
in the King's Service. 

I observe by your Lordships Letter that His Maj- 
esty has appointed the Earl of Loudon to be Com- 
mander in chief of all His Forces in America — the 
same Account I have from one of His Majesty- Prin- 
cipal Secretaries of State and that my Lord Loudon 
with the Troops that are with him may be daily ex- 
pected at N. York. — and when His Lordship arrives 
Your Lordships may intirely depend on my using my 
utmost Endeavours to give His Lordship all the Assist- 
ance in my Power for the Good of the Kings Service 

I am now to advise Your Lordships that I held a 
Session of the General Assembly of this Province from 
20. May to 2. Ins' in which they did what I judged 
necessary to recommend to them with great Alacrity 
and Unanimity, & I have ordered the Secretary to 
make a particular Account of their Proceeding to be 
transmitted to Your Lordships as soon as may be. 

I am with great Deference & Kespect, 
My Lords, Your Lordships Most 

obedient & Most humble Serv* 

J Belcher 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary Fox — 
commenting on recent proceedings of the Govern- 
ment. 

[From P. R. O. America & West Indies, Vol. TO.J 

Eliz^ Town (N J) June 16, 1756 

To the Right Honourable Mr Secretary Fox 
Sir, 

The 10. Ins' I recieved the Honour of your Letters 
N° 1. 2. both under the Date of 18. of March last, 



1756J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 221 

which were sent me by Col- Webb, from New York, 
and to these I shall now make the most particular 
Answer I can. 

I see His Majesty has appointed the Earl of Loudon, 
Commander in chief of all His Forces in N. America, 
whither he was preparing to set out with all Expedi- 
tion, and when his Lordship arrives with the King's 
Troops, I shall endeavour to give him all the Assist- 
ance in my Power, and shall do myself the honour of 
corresponding with him, as heretofore with the late 
General Braddock. 

I shall, as soon as conveniently may be, call together 
the Council and Assembly of this Province, and press 
them in the strongest Manner, to aid and assist His 
Majesty's Officers, in raising such Numbers of men, as 
may be sufficient to recruit the King's Regiments in 
North America, up to their Estabhshments; and to this 
End I shall issue a Proclamation, and therein set forth 
the Encouragement His Majesty offers to such Recruits. 

I have already acquainted the Council & Assembly 
with His Majesty's great Goodness, in having recom- 
mended their Case to His Parliament, and who in 
answer thereto, had granted a considerable Sum of 
Money, to be distributed as the King should think 
proper; and among whom this Province might hope 
to expect a Proportion; and this account they received 
with great Gratitude to His Majesty,— and have con- 
tinued the Support of the same Number of men as 
they raised the last year, and it will certainly be an 
additional Encouragement that His Majesty takes up- 
on himself, to supply the Troops raised in America, 
with Provisions of all kinds. 

I shall recommend to the Assembly the repaying the 
Masters of such indented Servants, as shall engage in 
His Majesty's Service, the Money paid by them, for 
such Servants; but in this, I have very little Hope of 
Success, or of persuading the Assembly, to have any 



233 ADMIJSriSTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1756 

of the Moneys they may raise, to be applyed to the 
General Service, in such Manner as the Commander 
in chief may direct. In a Session of the Assembly 
about fourteen Days ago, they passt a Law in Prohibi- 
tion of the Exportation of Provisions of all kinds, a 
Copy of which Act I transmit, according to His Maj- 
esty^ stated Royal Order to me, to the Lords of Trade 
and Plantations; and when the Assembly comes to- 
gether again, I shall tell them the necessity of making 
this Act still stricter, if it shou'd be thought at all in- 
sufficient, to answer the good ends proposed thereby. 

I take Notice the King has directed, till the Arrival 
of the Earl of Loudon, or Major General Abercrombie, 
that Colonel Webb is to take upon him the Command 
of the King's Forces in North America, & of this also 
Colonel Webb advises me from N. York; and in an- 
swer I have assured him of all the Assistance in my 
Power, for the King's Service. 

As His Majesty has directed Troops to be raised from 
among certain foreign Protestants, settled in North 
America, if any of the King's Officers of that sort, 
should come into this Province, I shall do my best for 
assisting them, in the Execution of the Service they 
are engaged in. 

When the Earl of Lowdon arrives, I shall, with the 
Assistance of His Majesty's Council, collect and lay 
before him the most particular Answer I can, as to the 
Forces, Cannon, Small-arms, Amunition and other 
Ordnance and Military Stores, with the Number of the 
Militia &c^ belonging to this Province. I have the 
Honour to be, with great Deference & Regard, 

Honourable Sir, 
Your most obedient and most humble Servant, 

J Belchek 



1756] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCHEE. 223 



The Account of Andrew Johnston, Treasurer for East 

Netv Jersey, of receipts and payments from 21st 
of November, 1755, to 21st of August, 1756. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 8, I. 35.1 

Province of New Jersey to And"^ Johnston 
Treasurer of the Eastern Division. 

DR. 

To Sundry Payments from y? 21^/ of Nov^ 
1755 to y? 21«? of Aug^ 1756, 
His Excellency Gov^ Belcher Sundry 

Warr'.« . . . . . £530. 0.0 
Gentlemen of the CounciU . . 94.16.0 
Gentlemen of the Assembly . . 190. 4.0 
Attorny GeneraU . . . 15.00.0 
Judge of the Supream Court . . 78.15.0 
Eastern Treasurer . . . 30.00.0 
Clarke of the Assembly . . . 34. 2.0 
Doorkeepers & Sarjents at arms . 33. 5.0 
Acco" of Expences, Assembly & Coun- 
ciU Chambers . . . . 24. 9.0 
Printer. .... 61. 7.0 



£1091.18.0 

CONTRA CR. 

By Ball? of Acco*' y" 2r.' NovV 1755 . . £261. 6M 

By a Tax payable by the Several Eastern 
Countys on the 21''.' Nov' 1755, viz!' . 
Middlesex . . . £27l.l8.1i 

Monmouth . . 394. 6.0 

Essex .... 233.ll.4i 
Somerset . . 334.19.3 

Bergen . . . 197.14.0 

£1432. 8.9 

£1693. 15. 3i 



224 ADMINISTEATIOlf OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1756 

Andrew Johnston Treasurer of the Eastern Division 
of New Jersey, appeared before me Samuel Nevill Esq' 
Second Justice of y'' Supreani Court, and being duly 
Sworn declares, to the best of his knowledge, that the 
above Acco" is a true State of the receipts & pay- 
ments by him, from the 21'* of Novr 1755 to y^ 21^' Aug 
1756, on Account of the Support of Government. 

And^ Johnston 

Sworn the 12*'' Day of October, 1756. Before 

Samuel Nevill 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
relative to the dispided line between New York 
and New Jersey, atid enclosing a petition of the 
Proprietors of East Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1, 31.1 

Eliz" Town (N J.) September 1 1756 
My Lords, 

It is now nine years since my Arrival to this Gov- 
ernment in which Time I have been often writing to 
your Lordships relative to the disputed Line betwixt 
this and the Province of New York, and have also often 
wrote to the Goverm* of New York on the same Head, 
but in which Important Article nothing is yet brought 
to a Conclusion. 

I now at the Request of the General Proi^rietors of 
the Eastern Division of this Province cover to Your 
Lordships Copy of their Petition to the Kmg in which 
they set forth that notwithstanding Sir Charles Hardy, 
the present Governor of New York laid beiore that As- 
sembly the King's especial Instruction respecting this 
Affair, yet nothing is done in it to this Day. — I there- 
fore wou'd humbly refer Your Lordships to what I 
wrote you upon it of 6. of November 1754, as also to 



1756] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCHER. 225 

the inclosed Petition, & which are so particular for 
Your Lordships full Information, that I have only to 
add that the Assembly of New York seems to shew an 
Indisposition or Aversion to come to a Settlement ac- 
cording to the King's Instruction. 

I do therefore in Duty to His Majesty's as weU as 
from a just Regard to His good People under My Care 
humbly intreat Your Lordships to give this important 
Affair the speediest Consideration & Dispatch you can, 
for if nothing be soon done in it I fear Riots and Out- 
rages if not Bloodshed will be committed on the Borders 
between the People of each Pi-ovince which would be 
a melancholy Affair especially at this Critical Conjunc- 
ture, but I hope Your Lordships seasonable Interposi- 
tion will prevent the fatal Consequences a further Delay 
may produce. 
I have the honour to be with great 

Deference & Respect, My Lords Your Lordships 
Most obedient & Most humble Servant 

J Belcher 



To the Kings Most Excellent Majesty in Council 
The Petition of the General Pi^oprietors of 
the Soil of the Eastern Division of the 
Province of New Jersey in North America 
In behalf of themselves and those Claiming 
Under them 

Most Humbly Sheweth 

That Whereas their Excellencys the Lords Justices 
on Account of the Many and Great Outrages which 
had from Time To Time been Committed on the Front- 
iers of this and the Neighbouring Province of New 
York for Want of the Establishment of a Line of 
property and Jurisdiction between them, were pleased, 
on the Twelfth Day of August Last to Give an Ad- 
15 



236 ADMINISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1756 

ditional Instruction to Sir Charles Hardy your Maj- 
estys Governour of the Province of New York therein 
Declaring it to be of the Greatest Importance To the 
Tranquility and Welfare of the said Provinces that 
Such Line of Property and Jurisdiction should be 
Speedily Settled between them, and that it Could only 
be Done by a Commission to be Issued by your Majesty 
for that Purpose, and that their Lordships had Ke- 
ceived from the Agent of your Petitioners Assm'ances 
of their Concurance and an Offer of Ample Security to 
Defray one half of the Expence of Obtaining and Exe- 
cuting Such a Commission and Therefore Authorizing 
and Requiring the said Governour of New York Ear- 
nestly to recommend it in your Majesty's Name To the 
Assembly of that Province that they would make 
Speedy and Effectual Provision for Defraying the Other 
Moiety of such Expence. 

And Whereas your Majesty's said Governour Did 
Lay the said Instruction before the said Assembly, and 
pressed them to make Immediate jirovisions that an 
End might be Speedily and Effectually put to the Out- 
rages that had been Committed, So much to the preju- 
dice of your Majesty's Service, and the Disturbance of 
the Public Peace; yet so it is, may it Please your Maj- 
esty That the said Assembly have not hitherto Yielded 
a Due Obedience To the said Instruction, and the Con- 
duct of the persons Interested In the Lands Lying on 
the Disputed Line, Gives but too much Eeason to be- 
lieve that they Do not Intend to Concur with us In the 
Measures prescribed by your Majesty's said Instruc- 
tion, as the only one that Could Remove the Founda- 
tion of the said Riots and Disturbances. 

Wherefore your Petitioners are put under the Ne- 
cessity of Imploring Your Majesty's Immediate inter- 
position for a Temporary Line of Juiisdiction, being 
Apprehensive that this Disregard of your Majesty's 
Royal Listruction Will Involve the Two Proviuceo In 



1756] ADMINISTRATION^ OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 227 

Great and Endless Contentions, and Occasion much 
Bloodshed, at a Time when all your Majestys Subjects 
should be United and Exert themselves against the 
Common Enemy: and Most Humbly Pray, that Your 
Majesty would be Graciously pleased, for the Preserva- 
tion of the Peace of your Majesty's Subjects Living 
upon the Borders of the two Provinces, to Issue your 
Royal Order, that a Streight and Direct Line, Extend- 
ing from a Place on Hudson's River Eighty Nine Chains 
and Sixty Links South of the Old house Late belong- 
ing to John Corbet Deceas'd to the Station point upon 
the Northerraost Branch of Delaware River Settled and 
Agreed upon by the Commissioners and Surveyors of 
both Provinces in the Year 1719 — Be and Remain the 
Line of Jurisdiction between this Province and the 
Province of New York, Untill the True Line of Prop- 
erty and Jurisdiction shall be finally Settled, Run and 
Marked under a Commission from your Majesty to be 
Issued and Carried Into Execution at the Joint and 
Equal Expence of your Petitioners and the said Prov- 
ince of New York. 

And your Petitioners, further to Induce your Maj- 
esty to Issue your Order for fixing the said Line for 
the Temporary Jurisdiction, Humbly beg Leave to set 
forth, that the said Station Points upon Hudson's 
River and the Northermost Branch of the River Dela- 
ware, to and between which the said Temporary Line 
is Proposed to be Drawn, were In the said Year 1719, 
After a Variety of Observations made by the Surveyors 
of both Provinces under the Authority of Acts of As- 
sembly, Judged to be Very Near, if not Exactly In 
the Respective Lattitudes on the said Rivers, through 
which the True Line of Partition must run, and the said 
Line for Sixteen Miles, has been Run and Acquiesced 
In many Years by the Owners of the Lands in both 
Provinces and by far the Greatest part of the Re- 
mainder thereof has been Surveyed and Marked out 



228 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1756 

by your Petitioners; and the Lands on the Jersey side 
thereof have been peaceably Possessed By them and 
those Claiming under them, Until the Year 1740, 
when the late Disturbances Concerning that Line 
began. 

And Your Majesty's Petitioners as in Duty Bound 
shall Ever Pray &c &c 
AndY Johnston 

RoB"^ H. Morris Rich? Peters for 

Mary Alexander by Mess''.' Penn— 
her Attorney John Stevens 

Samuel Nevill Samuel Leonard 

John Burnet Lewis M. Ashfield 

James Parker W"? Skinner by his At- 

Courtland Skinner torney 

Lewis Johnston 
The foregoing is a true Copy of the Original, being 
examined and Corrected by me 

John Smyth Regv 



Account of Samuel Smith, Treasurer for West New 
Jersey, of receipts and payments from November 
8, 1755, to October 11, 1756. 

fFrom P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, I. .36.J 

Province of New Jersey in the sinking Fund 
Tax To Sam^ Smith Treasurer. 

D? 

5th -^o Qj, jy^ay 12 1750 To Cash then Sunk ac- 
cording to Law .... 507.18.0 

Nov' 18 1755 By Cash of Alex' Moore Col- 
lector of Cumberland in full of their 
Quota to the Tax due the 21'' Ins' 54.03. iOi 



1756] ADMINISTRATIONT OF GOVERXOR BELCHER. 239 

19 By Cash of Jacob Ford Esq Collector of 
Morris in full of their Quota to the 
Tax due j' 21'' Ins' . . . 85.00.03^ 

22 By Cash of Jeremiah Learning Col- 
lector of Cape May (by Josiah 
Hand) in full of their Quota of the 
2r*Ins' 25.11.051 

26 By Cash of Wilson Hunt CoUector of 
Hunterdon In full of theirs of the 
2r'Ins' 216.11.11i 

Decern^ 1 1755 By Cash of Tho^ Scatter- 
good Collector of Burlington In fuU 
of their Quota to the 21'* of last 
Month 191.15.01i 

1' M" 13 1756 By Cash of Edw'^ Keasbey 
Collector of Salem in full of their 
Quota to the 2r' Nov 1755 . 106. 16. Hi 

16 By Cash of Eben"^ Hopkins Collector of 
Gloster in part of their Quota of 
last Year 17.04.00i 

& by ditto in full of their quota due y* 

21^* Nov-- 1755 .... 119.n.08i 



Province of New Jersey in the first Expedition 
Money 1755 

Nov' 8 1755 To Abe Hewlings & D Smith 

Jun' for signing £15 each . . 30.00.0 

2 m 16 1756 To Jos Yard & Jos HoUinshead 

Esq" in part of Commissions . . 30.00.0 

4*'' M 5 1756 To Cash p'^ Hendrick Fisher & 
Jacob Deharts Order for fitting out 
the Forces (by Minne Fisher) . . 530.12.0 

By Cash return' by Abra Hewlings Esq . 612.10.0 



230 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOB BELCflER. [1756 

Province of New Jersey in the Second Expedi- 
tion Money 1755 

Dec"" 5 1755 To Jacob Spicer Esq for sup- 
plies of Provisions .... 573,15.0 

To my own Wages as Signer . . . 15.00.0 

17 To Jacob Spicer Esq for Supplies for the 

Forces 554.00.6 

1 M or Jan>' 19 1756 To Col Schuylers Order 
for Pay of his Regiment by Lieut^ 
Ward 1000.00.0 

3 m 5 1756 To Jacob Spicer Esq to pay for 

Tents, Kettles &c . . . . 526.10.0 

19 to Col Schuyler order for Pay of his Regi- 
ment by Lieuten* May . . . 2500.00.0 

3 m 24 1756 To Hend'' Fisher's order paid to 

his Son 337.13.0 

29 Jacob Spicers Order p^^ J Carty . . 25.00.0 

5tb ]y[o ^ ;|^Y56 To Jacob Spicer Esq for 

Lead &c 100.00.0 



Province of New Jersey in the Exchange Money 
made Currant in 1756. 

OR. 

gth j^^o -^Y56 Received of Hugh Hartshorne 

one of the Signers .... 1749. l.G 



Province of New Jersey in Money made Cur. 
rent for Building Block Plouses &c on the 
Frontiers. 

DR. 

V m or Jan^ 9 1756 To John Wetherill Esq 
for paying off the Provincial forces 
on the Frontiers .... 1002. 0.0 



1756J ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 331 

3 M° 18 1756 To Jonathan Hamton's Order 

by Jos Yard 500. 0.0 

& to Jos Yard one of the Signers . . 10. 0.0 
16 To John Wetherill Commissary for pay- 
ing the Troops on the Frontiers (by 
his Son) 1500. 0.0 

4 M 10 To Jonathan Hamton's order in 

favour of Jas Yard Jun' for Pay of 

Provisions &c 1000. 0.0 

6 M 8 1756 To Jona Hamptons order in 

favour of Jos Yard p" to Ch Pettit 600. 0.0 
6 M 9 1756 To Jona Hamtons Order in 

favour of Jos Yard Esq . . . 374. 3.0 
9 To Jos Holhnshead Esq for signing in part 

He having reciev'dthe Eemaining £6. 
3. of Jos Yard Esq-" . . . 3. 17.0 

By Cash of Jos Holhnshead Esq one of the 

Signers 5000. 0.0 



540. 0.0 



Province of New Jersey in the £17,500 Money 

of 1756 

^th ^o Qj. j^iy 20"^ 1756 To Nicholas Gibbon 
one of the Com mis" to pay for Cloath- 
ing 

6 m 6 1756 To John Allen for Pay of the 

Forces 1692. 0.0 

Sep' 1'* 1756 To Hugh Hartshorne for Sign- 
ing the Bills & Inspecting the Press . 27. 0.0 

I't — r^Q jQg Holhnshead for Signing the 

17,500 17.10.0 

To myself for signing the Exch Money 3.10.0 

Sep' 4 1756 To John AUen for Pay of the 

Forces on the Frontiers . . . 600. 0.0 



332 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 1756 

Octo 5. To Nicholas Gibbons ord in Favour 

of Ch Read 19. 0.0 

6. To John AUen Esq for Pay of the Forces 

on the Frontiers .... 1000. 0.0 

By Cash of Hugh Hartshorne and Jos Hol- 

linshead the Signers .... 8711.11.6 
By Ditto of Ditto 38. 8.0 

£8749.19.6 



Province of New Jersey for Support of Govern- 
ment. 

DR. 

Nov. 8 1755 To Judge Nevill his Warr' N 381 100.00.0 
To Cash p'^ an Express for Councellor Kem- 

ble by order of Assembly . . . 0. 7.6 

To Rich" Saltar Esq his War'^ N 

356 

D° 386 

D° 367 . 

To Jos Yard Esq in full of his Certif 

To the Gov''« War*^ N 392 D" 393 

To W" Bradford his War' N 401 D 
other 373 ... . 

To John Ladd Esq his Certif 

To Anth Elton his War* 402 & N 374 

To R'' Partridge Esq his War* N 383 

To Ch Read Esq his War* N 375 

is £9. 4.0 

Ditto Another 371 . . 7.10.0 

D? 342 . . 7.10.0 

D? 360 . . 7.10.0 

D? 399 . . 7.10.U 

39. 4.0 



£ 6.5.0 




14.8.0 




6.5.0 






26.18.0 
8. 2.0 






265.00.0 


itto an- 




, 


70.15.0 


^ , 


8.14.0 


~ ^ 


5.00.0 




285. 5.4 



1756] 



ADMINISTRATIOK OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 



233 



To my own War*^ N 368 & N 358 & 396 

To W"" Hancock Esq his Certif 

To Ditto Another .... 

To Eben^ Miller Esq his Certif. 

To Sam' Clement Esq his Certif 

To Henry Paxson Esq his Certif 

To Courtland Skinner Esq his War»« N 339 

3T0. 333 

To W'" Hancock Esq his Certif. 

To Sam' Clement Esq his Certif. 

To Jos Yard Esq his Certif. 

To Jacob Spicer Esq In full of two Certif s 

To Aaron Learning Esq his Certif 

To my own Certif .... 

To R" Saltar Esq his War^ N 408 

To Ch Head Esq his War' N 412 . 

To Ditto his Certif .... 

To my own War^ N 409 . 

To Henry Paxson Esq. 

To Anth Elton his War' N 414 

To Barzillai Newbold Esq. his Certif . 

To Anth Elton Esq his War! N 362 

To R" Saltar Esq his War' N 395 

To Jos Yard Esq his Certif 

To my own Certif .... 

To W" Cook Esq his Certif 

To John Ladd Esq his Certif. 

To Barzillai Newbold Esq his Certif 

To Aaron Leaming Esq his Certif. 

To W" Hancock Esq his Certif 

To Eben^ MiUer Esq his Certif . 

To Ditto Another .... 

To Aaron Leaming Esq his Certif 

To the Gov" War! N 417 & N 418 . 

To Jacob Spicer Esq his Certif. . 

To Jos Yard Esq his Certif. 



30.00.0 

8. 8.0 
9.18.0 
10. 4.0 
8. 8.0 
7. 4.0 

22.10.0 

5. 8.0 
4.16.0 
3.18.0 

15.00.0 
3.12.0 
4. 4.0 

6. 5.0 
7.10.0 
4. 4.0 

10.00.0 
4. 4.0 
2.10.0 

7. 4.0 
2.10.0 

6. 5.0 
6.18.0 

7. 4.0 
11.14.0 

4.16.0 
4. 4.0 
5.14.0 
7. 4.0 
5.14.0 
7.10.0 
6.12.0 
265.00.0 
7.16.0 
5.14.0 



234 



ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. 



[1756 



24.12.7 

26. 5.0 

13.10.0 

69.3.11 

7.10.0 

4.16.0 

4.16.0 

6.00.0 

2.10.0 



To John Smythes 5 War^« N 331. 372. 343 

361. & 378 p" C Read 
To Judge Nevills 2 War'.' N 419. 433 
To Ch Reads War* N 424 & his Certif 
To D"^ liis War* N 432 
To Lewis M Ashfield Esq his War^ N 296 
To my own Certif ..... 
To Henry Paxson Esq his Certif 
To Josh Bisphams War^ N 437 
To Anth Eltons War* N 426 
To James Hohnes Esq his Certif £5.14.0 
D° Another . . . . 7.16.0 

D° ... 5. 8.0 

18.18.0 

To John Ladd Esq his Certif. . . 6.12.0 

To Barzillai Newbold Esq his Certif. . . 4.16.0 
To John Ladd Esq his Certif . . . 3.18.0 

To Eb' Miller Esq his Certif . . . 5. 2.0 

To Barzillai Newbold Esq his Certif . 3.12.0 

To Jacob Spicer Esq his Certif. . . . 5. 2.0 

To Henry Paxson Esq his Certif . . . 3.12.0 

To my own Certif 3.12.0 

To John Smyth Esq his War* N. 400 . 5.00.0 

To Courtland Skinner Esq his War* N 398 7.10.0 

To Ch Read Esq his Certif. . . . 3.12.0 

To my own War* N 421 . . . . 10.00.0 

To R" Saltar Esq his War* N 420 . . 6. 5.0 

To D^ Another 429 . . 12.12.0 

To Benf Biles his War* 434 . . . 6.2.8 

CR. 

Nov^ 18 1755 By Cash of Alex' Moore Col- 
lector of Cumberland in part of their 
Quota to the Tax due y' 21 Ins* . 100.17. U 
By Cash the same day which is in fuU . 5. 8.00 

19 By Cash of Jacob Ford Collector of Mor- 
ris in full of their Quota due the 21'* 
Ins 111. 2. 6 



1756] ADMIKISTRATION OP GOTERNOR BELCHER. 235 

22 By Cash of Jeremiah Learning Collector 

of Cape May in full . . . 50. 2. 6 

22 By Cash of Tho^ Woolverton Collector of 

Sussex in part of their Quota . . 53.13. $ 

26 By Cash of Wilson Hunt Collector of 

Hunterdon In full . . . 425. 6. 6 

Decern"' 1'.' 1755 By Cash of Thomas Scatter- 
good Collector of Burlington in Part 362. 9. 6^ 

1 m 9 1756 By Cash of Tho' Woolverton in 

full of the remainder of Sussex Quota 1.17.10 

13 By Cash of W" Keasley CoUector of Sa- 
lem In full of their Tax due y* 21 
Nov^ 209.11. 3 

16 By Cash of Eben' Hopkins CoUector of 
Gloucester in full of their Tax due y^ 
21^.' Nov last 234.10. 9 

3^ m 18 1756 By Cash of Tho^ Scattergood 
in full of BurHngton Deficiency of 
Nov 2r' Last 12.11. 7 

Burlington ss 

Personally appeared before me Joseph Noble Esq 
one of the King's Judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas, Samuel Smith Esq Treasurer of the Western 
Division of the Province of New Jersey and on his 
solemn Affirmation according to Law did declare that 
these two Sheets of Paper contain a just & true state 
of his Accounts as Treasurer from the fifth day of No- 
vember 1755 to this present Eleventh of October 1756. 

Sam^ Smith 

Affirmed to the day & year above before Joseph Noble 



$36 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCBER. [1756 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
nominating Samuel Woodruff for the Council, to 
, fill a vacancy caused by the deatli of John Rod- 
man. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1. 87.] 

Eliz^ Tov^n (N J) Nov^ 19: 1756 

To The Lords of Trade 
My Lords, 

I did myself the Honour of writing Your Lordships 
the 30. of the last Month, covering the Publick Papers 
relating to this Province, which went via New York by 
the Packet, & the Duplicate by one Cap' Cooper, 
since which nothing new has occurr'd relating to this 
Province. 

But I am now to inform Your Lordships, that a few 
Months ago died John Rodman Esq"" late of his Maj- 
estys Council of this Province, & I wou'd now in Obe- 
dience to His Majesty's 6"' Royal Instruction, nominate 
to Your Lordships Samuel Woodruff Esq!" for filling 
up this Vacancy, & I do with all Freedom recommend 
him to Your Lordships, as a Gentleman of strict Vir- 
tue of good Ability, & of a good Estate; He is & has 
been for several Years Mayor of this Town, and one of 
the Judges of the County Court; of great Loyalty and 
Zeal for advancing His Majesty's Interest & Honour, 
at all Times, nor do I know a more worthy Person to 
supply the said Place. ' M^ Woodruff wi^ites M' Part- 
ridge to wait on Your Lordships on this Occasion, and 
I have the honour to be with great Respect and Defer- 
ence, My Lords, Your Lordships 

most obedient & most humble Servant 

J Belcher 



' Under date of March 1st there was issued an order of Council appointing Mr. 
Woodruff to the position. 



1757] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVEKNOR BELCHER. 2S7 



Proclamation of Governor Belcher — relating to the ex- 
portation of provisions. 

[From p. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1. 42.] 



/I ' Uoyal '. p 
'J \ Anns / -1-^ 

By His Excellency 

Jonathan Belcher, Esq ; Captain General, 
Governor and Commder in Chief, in and 
over his Majesty's Province of ISTovge- 
Csesarae, or New Jersey, and Territories 
thereon depending in America, Chancellor, 
and Vice Admiral in the same. 

A PROCLAMATION. 

WHEREAS it hath been represented to his Majesty, 
that the several Islands and Colonies belong- 
ing to the French in America, have, in Times of War, 
been frequently supplied v^ith Provisions of various 
Kinds, by Means of the Trade carried on from his Maj- 
esty's Islands and Colonies, to the Colonies and Settle- 
ments belonging to the Dutch, and other neutral 
Powers ; and thereupon, it is his Majesty's Royal 
Order that an Embargo be immediately laid, during 
his Majesty- s Pleasure, upon aU Ships and Vessels 
clearing out with Provisions from any Port or Place 
within this Government, except those as shall carry 
Provisions to any other of his Majesty's Islands and 
Plantations: In Obedience therefore to his Majesty's 
Royal Order, as aforesaid, I have thought fit, by and 



238 ADMINISTEATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1757 

with the advice and Consent of his Majesty's Council of 
this Colony, to lay, and I Do hereby lay a Prohibition 
and Embargo, during his Majesty's Pleasure, on all 
Ships and Vessels laden or to be, laden, with Provisions 
(except such, and so much, as shall be absolutely nec- 
essary for the Use of such Vessel, and the Maintenance 
of her Crew, during her intended A^oyage) and clear- 
ing out of any of the Ports or Places of New Jersey, 
agreeable to the Directions and Instructions by me re- 
ceived from his Majesty for that Purpose: And I do 
hereby order and direct, the Collectors of his Majesty's 
Customs, and naval Officers of the several Ports and 
Places within this Government, not to clear out any 
Ships or Vessels, laden with Provisions, from any 
Port or Place within this said Government, except 
those which shall be employed, in carrymg Provisions, 
to any other of his Majesty's Colonies and Plantations, 
or shall be employed by the Government for the Sup- 
ply of his Majesty's Army and Fleet which shall be 
allowed to sail from Time to Time; Provided, That such 
Master and Masters, or Owner and Owners, of all and 
every such Ships and Vessels, so excepted as aforesaid, 
shall and do, before they are permitted to take any 
Provisions on board, enter into Bonds (with two Sure- 
ties of known Kesidence within this Colony, and of 
Ability to Answer the Penalty) with the Collector of 
the Customs of the Ports or Places from whence such 
Ships or Vessels shall set sail, in the Penalty of One 
Thousand Pounds, if the Ship be of less burthen than 
One Hundred Tons; and in the Penalty of Two Thou- 
sand Pounds, if above that Burthen; the Conditions of 
which said Bonds, shall be, That the Cargoes of such 
Ships or Vessels (the Particulars whereof are to be ex- 
pressed in the Bonds) shall not be landed in any other 
Ports or Places, than such as belong to his Majesty, or 
are in the Possession of his Subjects: And that they 
will, within Twelve Mouths after the date thereof, 



1757] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 239 

(the Danger of the Seas excepted) produce Certificates, 
under the Hands and Seals of the principal Officers of 
the Customs at such Ports or Places for which such 
Ships or Vessels are cleared out, that the said Cargoes 
(the Particulars whereof shall be expressed in such 
Certificates) have actually been landed at the said Ports 
and Places for which the said Ships or Vessels were so 
cleared out as aforesaid. And if there shall be Cause 
to suspect, that any of the Certificates as aforesaid, are 
false and counterfeit, the said several Collectors as 
aforesaid, are hereby further ordered and directed, to 
take especial Care that such Security or Bond be not 
cancelled or vacated, until Information can be had 
from such principal Officers of the Customs, as afore- 
said, that the Contents of the said Certificates are just 
and true; and the said several Collectors as aforesaid, 
are hereby further ordered and directed, that no 
Person be admitted to be Security for another, who 
hath any Bond or Bonds standing out undischarged, 
unless he the said Bondsman shall be esteemed respon- 
sable for more than the Bonds so entered, or to be 
entered into as aforesaid. And in order more fully to 
answer his Majesty's Intention, of distressing the 
Enemy, and to render his Orders herein the more ef- 
fectual, I do hereby further order and direct, the 
several Collectors and Naval Officers as aforesaid, to 
take Care, that in Case the Masters or Owners of any 
such Ships or Vessels having cleared out from the 
Colony as aforesaid, laden with Provisions, for any of 
his majestys Colonies, Islands, Army or Fleet, as 
aforesaid, shall be detected of causing collusive Cap- 
tures to be made of such Cargoes, the said Collectors 
and naval Officers, do forthwith transmit to me, a full 
Account of every such Discovery and Detection, with 
the Proofs thereof, that every such Offender or Of- 
fenders, may be immediately ]n-osecuted for the same, 
and the several Penalties inflicted upon him or them, 
that the Laws will in such Cases admit of. 



240 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1757 

And every Collector of his Majesty's Customs, and 
naval Oflficer in this Colony, is hereby strictly charged 
and commanded, to take especial care, that this Prohi- 
bition and Embargo, and every Clause or Title, 
and thing herein contained, be punctually observed, 
and put in Execution, until his Majesty's Pleasure 
herein, shall be further known: And also that the 
Laws be put in Force against all and every such Master 
and Masters, Owner and Owners, of such Ships or 
Vessels, who shall break or violate any of the Laws of 
Trade, or any Ways offend in the Premises. 

And aU his Majesty's liege Subjects, are hereby 
strictly charged, enjoined, and commanded to be aid- 
ing and assisting to the Collectors of his Majesty's Cus- 
toms, and naval Officers of this Colony, in the Discharge 
of their respective Duties. And I do hereby request 
aU his Majesty's liege Subjects within this Govern- 
ment, who shall or may discover any Ship or Vessel, 
privately or clandestinely, loading or unloading in any 
of the Out-Bays, Creeks, or Rivers within the same, or 
thereto adjacent, and against the Purport of this Pro- 
hibition and Embargo, to give immediate Information 
thereof, to the Officers of his Majesty's Customs, that 
the Offender or Offenders may be dealt with according 
to law. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms, at the 
Borough of Elizabeth, this 18"' day of January, in the 
Year of Our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and 
Fifty -Seven. 

J. Belcher 

By His Excellency's Command, 

Charles Read, Secretary 

God Save the King. 



1757] ADMINISTRATIOK OP GOYERNOR BELCHER. ^41 



Circular Letter from Secretary W. Pitt to the Gover- 
nors of the Northern Provinces in America^ urging 
the raising of additional troops. 

[From New York Col. Documents, Vol. VII, p. 216.] 

Whitehaix Feb'' 4, 1Y5Y 
Sir 

The King having nothing more at heart, than the 
preservation of his good subjects & Colonies of N. 
America, has come to a resohition of acting with the 
greatest vigor in those parts, the ensuing campaign, 
and all necessary ^^reparations are making for sending 
a considerable reinforcements of Troops, together with 
a strong squadron of Ships, for that purpose, and in 
order to act offensively against the French in Canada. 

It is His Maj'^'' pleasure, that you shall forthwith 
call together your Council & Assembly, and press them 
in the strongest manner to raise, with the utmost ex- 
pedition, a number of provincial Troops, at least equal 
to those raised the last Year, for the service of the en- 
suing Campaign, over and above what they shall 
judge necessary for the immediate defence of their 
own province; and that the Troops, so raised, do act 
in such Parts, as the Earl of Loudoun or the Com- 
mander in Chief of His Maj*'" forces for the time 
being, shall judge most conducive to the service in 
general; and the King doubts not but that the several 
ProV"^' truly sensible of his Paternal care, in sending 
so large a force for their security, will exert their ut- 
most endeavours to second, and strengthen, such 
offensive operations against the Frencii, as the Earl of 
Loudoun, or the Commander in Chief for the time being 
shall judge expedient, and will not clogg the enlist- 
ments of the men or the raising of the money for their 
pay ettc, with such limitations, as have been hitherto 
16 



342 ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOE BELCHER. [175? 

found to render their service difficult and ineffectual, 
and as a further encouragement, I am to acquaint you, 
that the raising of the Men, their pay, arms and cloath- 
ing will be all, that will be required on the part of the 
several provinces; measures having been already taken 
for laying up Magazines of Stores and provisions of all 
kinds at the expence of the Crown. 

I cannot too strongly recommend it to you, to use all 
your influence with your Council and Assembly for 
the punctual and immediate execution of these His 
Maj'^' commands I am ettc. 

WPiTT 

[Similar letters were sent to New Hampshire, Mas- 
sachusetts Bay, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, 
and New Jersey.] 



Memorandum received by William Alexander from 
Ferdinand John Paris as lo the character of the 
Commissioners to determine the boundaries be- 
tiveen New York and New Jersey. 

[From N. J. Manuscript of W. A. Whitehead, Vol. 1, No. 89.J 

9"' Feb>- 1757 
The last Eequest which M' Paris made to the late 
M' Alexander and which seems necessary now to be 
attended to, was 

To have a short Affidavit or Affidavits, from some 
proper persons, specifying what Objections the Pro- 
prietors of New Jersey have to the Councillors of any 
particular Province in America, Or to any particular 
Members of any one such Council, against their acting 
as Commissioners to settle the Boundaries between 
New Jersey and New York. 



1757] A DMIKISTRATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 343 

And that such Affidavits should be return'd under 
the Great Seal of some Colony. 

If the persons making the Affidavits can with truth 
go so far as to say, that they verily beheve in their 
Consciences, that the Councillors in such and such 
Provinces, or the particulai- Members of any particular 
Council, so objected to, will not, for the particular Rea- 
sons assigned, be even, equal and indifferent Judges 
between New Jersey and New York in the Dispute re- 
lating to their Boundaries, it ought by no means to be 
omitted in the Affidavits 

[Enclosed in letter to Robert Hunter Morris Feb. 12, 
1Y57, which see. — Ed.] 



Letter from William Alexander to Robert Hunter 
Morris—^relating to the boundary difficulties be- 
tween New York ayid New Jersey. 

[From roigrinal among N. J. Mamiscripts of W. A. Whitehead, Vol. I, No. 88.J 

London feb: 12, 1757. 

The Hon^^® Robert Hunter Morris Esq'" or the 

President of the Council of Proprietors of 

the Eastern Division of the Province of 

New Jersey 

Dear Sir 

I would before this time have wrote to you on the 
affairs of the Proprietors of the Eastern Division of 
New Jersey, and informed you of the progress of their 
Petition for a Temporary Line, but waited in hopes of 
giving you some account of its Effect, which I now 
have the pleasure of doing. Some few Days after my 
Arrival in England, the Petition was delivered in to 



244 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [l757 

his Majesty in Council; On the 19*^ of Nov' it was re- 
ferred to the Lords of the Committee of Council for 
Plantation Affairs, who took it into Consideration on 
the 24'.^' of that month, which is the only Day that 
Committee lias sat since August last : They referred it to 
the Lords of Trade who appointed the 21'' of Dec"" for 
a hearing on it at their Board, and Notice was given 
of it to M' Paris and M' Charles, here we expected 
to meet with the long practized Opposition and Eva- 
sions on the part of New York, and therefore prepared 
for them, by determining to make our Offers so ample 
and fair, as to put it out of then* jDower to make any 
Objections to the doing something or other effectual. 
After reading over the Petition, and proving the De- 
Uvery of a Copy of it to the President of the Council 
of New York; we told their Lordships that if they had 
any Objections to the granting the prayer of the peti- 
tion for a Temporary Line, and chose rather to have 
the Matter determined by a Commission for running 
the final Line: And as the only Objection that now 
remained to the issuing such Commission, was, that 
the Province of New York had not provided for their 
Moiety of the Expence, we would advance the Money 
necessary for the whole Expence of seeing out the 
Commission and carrying it mto Execution, provided 
their Lordships would advise that in the Commission 
it might be ordered that the Commission should award 
one half of the Expence to be repaid by the Province 
of New York to the Proprietors of East Jersey. These 
we thought we might venture to offer, rather than 
leave them the least pretence for any further Delay; 
and it had the effect we wished ; for it convinced their 
Lordships that the proprietors were honestly disposed 
to put an End to the Contest. M'' Charles had noth- 
ing of Consequence to object, but declared to their Lord- 
ships that he had never before heard of this petition; 
that he had no Instructions relating to it, but was in 



1757] ADMINISTEATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 246 

hopes he should have by the next packet, and therefore 
prayed for time 'till after the Holydays. We replyed, 
that several Mouths had passed since the Copy of the 
petition had been served on the province of New York; 
that they had had time enough to instruct him, if 
they had thought that proper; that perhaps they did 
not intend to send him any Instructions about it; and 
that it would be very hard that we should be put off 
vdth Expectations of Mr Charles, which had no foun- 
dation. However their Lordships thought Keasonable 
to give him some time to consider of the petition and 
agreed to put the Matter off till after the Holy days, 
but told M"" Charles, that if he then had no Instruc- 
tions from New York, he was not to expect that would 
be allowed a pretence for any further Delay. 

After the Holy days we got the 18'!' of Jan?' ap- 
pointed for a hearing, which notwithstanding what 
had passed at the Board of Trade the last hearing, M' 
Charles had the Modesty to request it should be put 
off on pretence of his ex|3ecting a Ship every Moment 
from New York; And I beheve their Lordships would 
have again comply ed with his Request, had not Mf 
Paris's Answer to it shamed them. Accordingly a hear- 
ing was had on the 18'.'' M'' Paris and M"' Forrester 
attending in behalf of the proprietors, and M"" Charles 
in Behalf of New York; the Latter had nothing to ob- 
ject that was, to the purpose; he said he had no 
Instructions from his principals relating to this peti- 
tion, but that he was confident on a full Enquiry into 
the Matter it would be found that the Mouth of the 
West Branch was the true Station on Delaware &c. 
&c. However their Lordships saw the Necessity there 
was of restoring Peace between the two Provinces at 
this time and the reasonableness and fitness of our Re- 
quest for that End, in so strong a Light, that they 
determined to delay the Matter no longer: And ac- 
cordingly on the 27"' made their Report to the Lords 



34fi ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1757 

of the Committee of Council, in which they advised 
the Line we pray for, but give New York six Months 
time to provide for the Expence of setthng the final 
Line, before this Temporary one shall take Effect. 
A Copy of the Report, and the Reference of the Matter 
to them by the Lords of the Committee of Council, are 
herewith: The Matter now lies before that Cona- 
mittee, who I doubt not will be intirely governed by 
the Lords of Trade: But when the Committee will set 
is quite uncertain, and so it consequently is when we 
shall obtain the Order of Council for carrying the Tem- 
porary Line into Execution, but No Endeavours of 
mine shall be wanting to hasten it. 

I think it my Duty in this place to inform you and 
the proprietors, with the part that I find M'" Pownall 
Lieut, Gov' of their Province, has acted in this Affair. 
On his coming over to England the last year, he in a 
Manner solicited, and afterwards accepted a power by 
Letter from the Proprietors to solicit this Affair for 
them; he gave at least some of them Assurances that 
he would do every thing in his power to serve them, 
letting them know at the same time, that from his In- 
fluence here he had it in his power to be serviceable to 
them, and in Consequence thereof, M'' Paris, the Pro- 
prietors' Agent here, Was wrote to, to communicate 
with him in their Affairs, for which purpose he did 
wait on M'.' Pownall on his Arrival here : W Paris was 
at this time endeavouring to obtain the very Line 
the proprietors lately petitioned for, and had made 
great progress in convincing Lord Halifax and the 
Board of Trade, that it was the most equitable and 
proper Line that could be fixed on, and had great 
Reason to think the Lords of Trade would then have 
advised what they now have, had not M'' Pownall one 
Day at a Meeting with the Lords on this Matter, 
when M"' Paris was pointing out this Line to them, 
told them, that he believed M' Paris and the pro- 



1757] ADMINISTKATION OF GOVERNOE BELCHER. 247 

prietors would indeed have great Reason to be satisfied 
with that Line, as he was sure it gave them at least 50 
Miles in Breadth more than they had the least pre- 
tence to; This intirely overturned M- Paris's Work, 
and the Lords would never hear of the Matter again, 
till lately ; he has since my arrival here done all in his 
power to obstruct our obtaining our prayer: But the 
Lords, and even his own Brother saw that his Opposi- 
tion was not founded on his Sentiments, but his 
Temper about the Matter. 

I shall inclose you also a Memorandum I received 
from M- Paris relating to the procuring Affidavits, as 
to the Impropriety of the Members of some of the 
Council of the Governments on the Continent being 
appointed Commissioners for the final Determination 
of the Dispute between New York and New Jersey, 
which I think he ought to be furnished with as soon as 
possible, especially if New York should provide for 
their part of the Expence of Executing the Commis- 
sion. I am Dear Sir 

Your Most Humble Servant 

W" Alexander 



Bepfesentatiou from the Lof^ds of Trade to the King, 
with a ivarrant apjjotnting Wm, Aynsley Chief 
Justice of New Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 16. Page 17. J 

To the Kings most Excellent Majesty 

May it please your Majesty 

In Obedience to your Majesty s Order in Council 
dated the 16"' Instant We have prepared a Warrant 
directing and requiring Your Majestys Governor of the 
Province of New Jersey to cause Letters Patent to be 



248 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1757 

passed under the Seal of that Province for constituting 
and appointing William Ajmsley EsqV Chief Justice of 
your Majestys said Province, in the room of Robert 
Hunter Morris Esq' who has resigned. And We hum- 
bly beg leave herewith to lay the said Warrant before 
your Majesty, for your Majestys Royal Signature 
Which is most humbly submitted 

W. G. Hamilton Dunk Halifax 
W. Sloper James Oswald 

T. Pelham 
Whitehall Feb'^ 17. 1757. Soame Jenyns 



Letter from the Earl of Holdernesse, Secretary of 
State, to the Earl of Loudoun — removing the em- 
bargo upon Corn. 

[From P. R. O. Amerioa & West Indies, Vol. VS.] 

Whitehall May 2'* 1757. 

Earl of Loudoun 
My Lord, 

It being apprehended, that the Embargo, which It 
has been thought expedient to lay in America, might 
obstruct tlie Supplies of Corn, which are, at present, 
very much wanted in Great Britain, and Ireland, from 
the bad Crops, in most Parts last year; His Majesty 
has been pleased to order a Sloop to be dispatched 
immediately, with Letters to the Several Governors, 
directing them not only to take off any Embargo, that 
may now subsist; but also not to lay any future Em- 
bargo on Ships, loaded with Corn, or any other Species 
of Grain, for His Majesty's Dominions in Europe; and 
I send Your Lordship inclosed, for your Information, 
a Copy of the Circular Letter, I have wrote, by the 



1757] ADJIINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 249 

King's Command, to the several Governors, for this 
pm*pose. 

Your Lordships Dispatch of the lO'"" March has been 
received, and laid before His Majesty; but this Sloop 
being dispatched, in a Hurry, vdth the Orders above- 
mentioned, I have not Time to send Your Lordship any 
particular Answer thereto at present; and can only 
acquaint you, that Advice having been received, that 
Four Fi-ench Ships of the Line had passed the Streights 
of Gibralter, and v^ere supposed to be destined for 
North America, His Majesty has directed an Addi- 
tional Strength, consisting of Three large Ships of 
the Line, to be forthw^ith sent to reinforce the Squad- 
ron under the Command of Admiral Helburne, who 
sailed from S' Hellens, the 16'? past, since v^hich Time 
no account has been received from Him. 

I am &c* 

HOLDERNESSE 



Letter fr 07)1 Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary Pitt — 
had summoned the Council and Assembly to meet 
as soon as possible in order to carry out the 
King\s views. 

[Prom P. R. O. America aud West Indies, Vol. 71. | 

Eliz^ Town (N J) May J 1, 1757 

Mr. Secretary Pitt 

Sir, 

I have the honour of yours of the 4: Febru? last 
thro' the Care of Sir Charles Hardy, Governour of New 
York, and which came to my hands the 6. Ins-, and I 
have re'd the same with close Attention; I observe with 
great Duty and Gratitude, the King's Paternal and 



250 ADMIIflSTRATIOK OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1757 

Tender Care of His good Subjects and Colonies of 
North America, and that he has come to a Resolution 
of acting with the greatest Vigour, the insueing 
Campaign. 

In obedience to His Majesty's Order I summond the 
Council of this Province, and laid before them your 
aforesaid Letter, and asked their Advice and Opinion 
thereon. Copy whereof I have the honour to inclose 
to you, and In consequence of it I have summond the 
Council and Assembly to meet me here as soon as pos- 
sible, when I shaU press them in the strongest Manner 
to comply with the Contents thereof, & so to answer 
His Majesty's just Expectations from this Province, 
But I must observe to you that at a late Session, the 
Assembly granted five hundred men for the Service of 
the insueing Campaign, over and above what might 
be necessary for the immediate Defence of this Prov- 
ince, and they are to join the King's Troops to be under 
the Command of the Earl of Loudoun, to act as he shall 
judge most conducive to the Service in general and 
this Number is the most the Assembly have raised 
during the War, altho Lord Loudoun demanded as their 
Quota for this Year One thousand men, but they could 
not be persuaded to come into it, and I did all in my 
Power for their Complyance and so did Lord Loudoun 
himself urge the Assembly to do it, but since they did 
not his Lordship writes me it wou'd be too late for 
this Campaign for them to go about it now but wou'd 
have this Deficiency supply ed by the Militia of this 
Province upon any extraordinary Emergency, and 
which I shall endeavour to do in the best manner 
I can. 

I hope all the King's Colonies will exert their utmost 
Endeavours to second and strengtlien the Operations 
against the French, and the more especially since mea- 
sures are taken for laying up Magazines of Stores and 
Provisions of all Kinds at the Expence of the Crown, 



1757] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 25l 

and I say I shall use all my Influence with the Council 
and Assembly of this Province, for the Execution of 
these His Majesty's Commands. 

I have the honour to be with great Eespect and Def- 
erence, Honourable Sir, 

Your most obedient & most humble Servant 

J. Belcher. 



Letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. Secretary Pitt — 
has been informed of the appointment of Rear Ad- 
miral Holhurn to command the fleet in American 
Waters. 

I From P. R. O. America & West Indies, Vol. 71.] 

Eliz^ Town (N J).May 16: 1757 
Mr Sec'ry Pitt 

Sir, 

The inclosed is Duplicate of what I wrote you the 11 : 
Ins' since which I have received the Honor of yours, 
of the 19: of Febru** last and take a particular Notice of 
its Contents, and I shall duly put in Practice his Maj- 
esty's Orders therein as far as shall be in my Power 
and in that of this Government. 

I see His Majesty has been pleased to appoint rear 
Admiral Holburn to Command the Squadron of Ships 
to whom I shall apply for any Naval Assistance if it 
shoud be wanted for the Protection of this Govern- 
ment & I shall take Care to Communicate to the said 
Comander all such Intelligence as shall come to my 
Knowledge concerning the Arrival of any Ships of 
War or Vessels having Warlike Stores on Board, and 
likewise all such Advices as may concern the motions, 
or may in any Manner relate to that Part of His Maj- 



25^ ADMIJS^ISTEATION OF GOVEENOR BELCHER. [1757 

esty's Service, with which the Comniauders of the 
King's Ships shoud be acquainted. 

As Rear Admiral Holburn with his Ships will be at 
a great Distance from this Province I don't expect any 
Application from him for Seamen, yet if he shou'd 
very few if any can be raised in this Httle inland Prov- 
ince in which there is little or no Navigation or Trade. 

I have the honour to be with great Respect and Def- 
erence, Honourable Sir, 

Your most obedient & most humble Servant 

J Belcher 



Letter from Captain William Skinner, in London, to 
his father, the Rev. William Skinner, of Perth 
Amboy. 

[From Skinner Papers among Manuscripts of W. A. Wliitehead, Vol. 1, No. 31. J 

London y*^ 17"^ May 1759 

ReV^ William Skinner 
D'- Sir 

I have the pleasure to acquaint you that wee are 
now in London, having come over from France (about 
ten days past) with the Officers that were there, upon 
our Paroles' to return in three months if wee can't 
find Officers piisoners in England, of Equall Rank to 
send to France in our Room which wee find attended 
with a great deal of Difficulty, fof there are not a Suffi- 
cient number of French officers here for us, so that 
wee shall be Obliged to return to France if wee cant 
gett our Time prolonged which I am in hopes we 



' Captain Skinner belonged to the detachment under Col. Schuyler from New 
Jersey, which took part in the battle of Oswego, 1 1th August, 175G; was there made 
prisont^r ami taken to France. He was also in the campaign of 17.j5. For a bio- 
graphical sketch of Captain Skuiner see " Contributions to the Early History of 
Perth Amboy," pp. 113-119.— Ed. 



175'J'] ADMIN-ISTRATlON OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 263 

shall, for as soon as I got here, I waited on Lady 
Warren "" and told her who I was. Acquainted her 
with my Scituation and beg'd her Interest, she told 
me she wou'd Assist me all she could, and gave me a 
letter to Mr Bell, (one of the Commissioners of the 
Sick and Wounded Office where the Exchange of 
Prisoners is transacted) who told me that there were 
not French Officers for us all, but that they had wrote 
to the Court of France to know whether they wou'd 
Accept of a Number of Soldiers in Exchange for us, or 
prolong our time. '■■ •' " I waited on M^ Partridge 
the Agent of our Province and told him the scituation 
I was in, who told me he wou'd Introduce me Lord 
Halifax, and many others who he thought wou'd be 
of Service to me in regard to the Service I had done, 
but at the same time told me nothing could be done, 
till I was Exchanged, which I fuid to be the Case, for 
a great number of Officers have sent in Memorials to 
the Secretary of War, and Rece'd that Answer, so that 
my fate cant be known yet 

I told you in every letter I wrote you that Coll. 
Schuyler gave us a letter Creditt for £200 Sterling, half 
of which is Expended, but are both Cioathed '•' '" * 
if we are ObUged to return to France wee shall surely 
want * ■'^' * 

Dear Sir y'.' Dutifull Son 

London y" 6^'' June 1757 
D^ Sii- 

The above is Copy of my last since which I waited 
on Lord Barrington, who told me he wou'd do me aU 
the Service [that] lay in his power, and Desired me to 



» Lady Warren was a daughter of Stephen De Lancey, of New York, who married 
an aunt of Captain Skinner, and therefore was his cousin. 



254 ADMINISTEATION OF GOVEENOR BELCHER. [1757 

Draw out a MeDioriall, which I shall present to his 
Lordship the next Levy Day, and gett it back'd by 
Admiral Buscoven, and Lord Powerscoate, two great 
Friends of her Ladyship, the Event of which I hope to 
acquaint you very soon. * * * and am as before 

Yours 

W" Skinner 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Earl of Holder- 
nesse, Secretary of State — in relation to the em- 
bargo on grai7i and to the imprisonment of two 
captains of privateers. 

[From P. R. O. America and West Indies, Vol. 71.] 

Eliza Town, N J July 26: 175Y 

Earl of Holdernesse 
My Lord 

I am honoured with your Lordships Letter of the 2. 
of May past, and which came to my hands the 6. 
Curr* under the Care of L. Governour De Lancey of 
New York wherein I observe that the failing of the 
Crops of Corn in Great Britain and Ireland, make a 
Supply much wanted, and that Orders have been sent 
to purchase large Quantities in America, and that 
therefore it is His Majesty's Pleasure, immediately 
upon the Receipt of this your Letter to cause any Em- 
bargo that might be subsisting within this Govern- 
ment to be taken off from all Vessels laden with any 
Species of Grain for Great Britain or Ireland, and that 
no further Embargo should extend to Vessels so load- 
ed, but that all proper Encouragement and Assistance 
be given to Persons who should be employed in pur- 
chasing Corn for the Supply of His Majesty's Domin- 
ions in Europe &c^ agreeable to an Act of Parliament 
past, this Session, entitled an Act to prohibit for a 



1757] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 355 

limitted time the Exportation of Corn Grain &C'' and 
which Act 1 have received from the Lords Commis- 
sioners for Trade & Plantations. — In answer to these 
things I am to inform your Lordship that no Embar- 
go was subsisting in this Government at the Receipt 
of your Lettei-, and that for the future I shall carefully 
conform myself to the King's Orders and to the afore- 
mentioned Act of Parliament in this behalf. 

And I now go on to own the Honour of Your Lord- 
ships Letter of the 20: of May past, and which came 
to my Hands via New York by the Halifax Packet, 
the 19. Current, with sundry Papers relating to Rich- 
ard Hadden, Cap* of a Privateer fitted out of New 
York, and one Snook, Cap- of another Privateer fitted 
out of Halifax, and of their Behaviour to the Span- 
iards, which letter and Papers I have carefully re'd 
over once and again, and observe the King, being de- 
termind that the most rigorous Justice shou'd be put 
in Execution against such notorious Acts of Violence, 
has directed the Governours of New York and Nova- 
Scotia to prosecute the two Privateers before men- 
tioned. — And that it is His Majesty's Pleasure, in case 
either or both of them, shall put into any Port in this 
Government, that I detain them and cause immediate 
Notice thereof to be given to the Governours of New 
York and Halifax, that I may recieve their Directions 
thereupon; and that I also, for the future, dehver to 
any Privateer that shall come into this Province, Copy 
of His Majesty's Royal Instruction of the 5, of October 
1756, for their better Conduct and Government. — I 
shaU, my Lord, in duty and Obedience to the King, 
endeavour carefully to observe His Royal Orders on 
this important Article. 

I have the Honour to be with great Respect and 
Deference, My Lord, 
Your Lordships 

Most obedient Most faithful & Most humble 
Servant J Belcher 



256 ADMINISTKATION OF GOVEKNOB BELCHER. [1757 



Letter from Governor Belcher to the Lords of Trade — 
relating to the disinited boundaries bettveen New 
York and Neiv Jersey. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, I. 45.J 

Eliz^ Town (N J) July 26: 175Y 
To the Lords of Trade 

My Lords, 

My last to Your Lordships was on the 11: of May 
last since which I have the Honour of Your Lordships 
Letter of the 10. of March past and which came to my 
hands via New York |^ the Halifax Packet, the 19: 
Curr* and wherein I take Notice Your Lordships had 
received my Letters to the 19: of Novem^ last, with the 
publick Papers, therein referred to, and that your 
Lordships were glad to find from them that the Con- 
duct and Service of the People of New Jersey, and the 
steps taken by them (Scc'^ wou'd recommend them to His 
Majesty's Favour: But I am sorry to tell your Lordships 
that in a late Session the Assembly would not exert 
themselves with that laudable Zeal for the King's Ser- 
vice, which Lord Loudoun so reasona])ly presst upon 
them, & for a more particular Account of this Matter 
I refer Your Lordships to the Assembly's Journal I 
send herewith. 

I take a particular Notice of Your Lordship's Report 
of 27: of Janu'- last, to the Lords of His Majesty's 
Privy Council, relative to the disputed Boundaries be- 
tween New Jersey and New York, and which being ap- 
proved and confirmed by His Majesty's Royal Order in 
Council, I hope will be a means to put an End to the 
Dispute now subsisting, and which I doubt not this 
Government will chearfully fall into, and I beg of 



1757] ADMINISTRATION OP GOVERNOR BELCHER. 257 

Your Lordships that this Affair may be expedited & 
finisht as soon as possible. 

Agi-eeable to what your Lordships write, M^ Wood- 
ruff brought me the King's Mandamus to be one of 
the Council for this Province and was accordingly ad- 
mitted Yesterday. * * ^ 

I have the Honour always to be with great Eespect 
and Deference, My Lords, Your Lordships most obe- 
dient & most humble Servant, 

J Belcher 



Letter from Mr. Secretary Read to Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor Pownall, at Boston, acquainting him with the 
death of Governor Belcher. ' 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1. 51. J 

New Jersey. 

Elizabeth Town S^?' 2, 175Y 

His Excellency Govr Pownall 
Sir, 

On the thirty first Ultimo, Governor Belcher died, 
of which I esteem it my Duty to give You Notice. 

I take this Opportunity to give You Joy of Your 
Safe Arrival at Boston, and to wish You an agreeable 
Administration. I am Sir, 

Your most obedient humble Servant 

Cha Read 



' Endorsed by Lieut.-Gtov. Pownall. " Received at Bo.ston Sep' 17th 1757 & for 
warded to me at N. York & Receiv'd there Sep' 34. .57."' 



17 



258 ADMINISTRATIOK OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1757 



Letter from Captain William Skinner, in London, to 
his brother, Cortlandt Skinner. 

[From original in the Skinner Papers among the Manuscripts of W. A. Whitehead, 

Vol. I, No. 32.] 

London %'^ Sept' 1Y5T 

[Cortlandt Skinner, Perth Amboy.] 

Dear Brother 

In all Probability some of my people will gett to 
America Soon, for they are Exchanged and now in 
England, I have applyed to My Lord Barrington for 
their Subsistence and an Order to send them to 
America but he told me he had nothing to do with them, 
but advised me to write to M'.' Pitt Secretary of State, 
which I have done, but have not as yet had an Answer, 
the people are now at Plymouth, with Cap- Rusco, 
Booker, Walters, and Ogden, of Coll Schuylers Reg- 
and are Subsisted by the Government, through a Mis- 
take made by the Secretary of AYar's Clerk, who tak- 
ing them to be Regulars ordered them to be Subsisted 
which is not Contradicted as yett. I waited on Lord 
Barrington yesterday and asked his Lordship whether 
the King had spoke to him about me, he told me that 
he had, and that I might make myself Easy for I 
shou'd be provided for soon, so that my particular Busi- 
ness had a good Aspect, my Brother is gone, a Volun- 
teer in London Reg? under the Care of Sir W" Boothly, 
who has been so kind as to promise he wou'd take 
care of him, which I hope will be agreeable to my 
Father and Mother, for I thought it was better for him 
to go, than to stay here at this Damned place where 
there is nothing but Debauchery going forward * * * 



1757] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 259 

I have the pleasure to tell you that I have my Ex- 
change which I Rec'd yesterday, I have not as yet 
Rec'd a letter from you, other people Receive letters 
by eveiy ship * * * 

D-- Bror Y' Most Affec^ and 

Very humble Serv* 

W" Skinner 
P. S. poor Coll Schuyler is Detained at Quebeck' also 
Doctor Stokes, for Reasons unknown to them or any 
body else. 



Letter from Robert H. Morris to Earl of Loudoun — 
informing him of the death of Governor Belcher, 
and of the objections of John Reading, President 
of the Council, to assume the chief authority. 

[From P. R. O. B. T., New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1. 49.] 

Eliz^ Town Sep' 7"" 1757 
To the Earl of Loudon 

My Lord, 

I had the Honour to write to Your Lordship on 
the 29*?^ Ultimo, soon after which M^ Belcher died, & 
I was in Hopes, as the Government devolved upon 
Mr Reading, that he wou'd have taken upon him the 
Administration, and informd Your Lordship of that 
Matter. 

By His Majesty's Commission under the Great Seal 
to the Late Governor in Case of His Death the Powers 
of Government devolve upon the Eldest Councillor, if 
there be no Lieut. Governor on the Spot, & the Council 



' Colonel Schuyler continued in Canada until October 29th, 17,57, when he waa 
permitted to make a visit to his family on parole. He returned to Canada in July, 
1758, and on the 8th of November following was released by the capitulation of 
Fort Frontenac— Ed. 



260 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1757 

have in the strongest Manner, pressed M*" Reading 
(who is fii'st upon the List of Councillors for this Prov- 
ince) to take the Administration upon him; but he 
persists in his Refusal, which will throw the Province 
into very great Confusion, as no Act of Government 
can be done, nor can the other Branches of the Legis- 
lature proceed without him. 

His Majesty's Council have requested me to inform 
Your Lordship of these Matters, & I have the Honour 
to be, My Lord, 

Your most obedient, 

and most humble Servant 

RoB^ H. Morris. 



Letter from John Reading, President of the Council, 
to Governor Pownall — reasons why he objected to 
assume the govemme^it on the death of Governor 
Belcher. 

IFrom P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1. 52.J 

Sepf 10^'' 1757 
To His Excell?' Governour Pownall 

May it please Your Excellency 

Upon the late Governor Belcher's Death, I have 
taken upon myself the Administration of the Govern- 
ment of the Province of New Jersey, as eldest Coun- 
cillor residing and Qualified thereto; tho' at the same 
Time, hare heard, that Your Excellency has a Com- 
mission of Lieutenancy for the 'said Province; But as 
Your Excellency did not reside and the Assembly were 
then sitting, and cou'd not rise without an Adjourn- 
ment from a Person qualified to the Administration of 
the Government, I have adjourned them for ten Days 
to Burlington, and design to continue them by Short 



1757] ADMINISTKATIOX OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 261 

Aijournments, to a Longer Time, if nothing of Emer- 
gency happens, This I thought was of absohite neces- 
sity to be done, and that Anarchy and Confusion 
might be thereby prevented. 

I hope Your Excellency will take into your Consid- 
eration, that as I am an aged and infirm Person, and 
not fit to bear the Weight or Burthen of Government, 
it woa'd be extreamly grateful to me, that I might be 
superseded and relieved by an appointment of some 
Person in my Stead, immediately to be made, (if con- 
sistent with Your Excellency's Commission,) for I 
have been for some Time past, and now am, (in Order 
to cure an old Distemper,) under the Care and Direc- 
tions of a Doctor, in Preparation to undergo a Course 
of Physick, which is Directly to be enter'd into. 

I am, Sir, with strictest Regards, Your Excellency's, 
most obed* humble Serv* 

Jn° Reading 



Letter from Thomas PoionaU, Governor of Neiv Jer- 
sey, to John Reading, President of the Council — 
in relation to the latter^s declining to assume the 
government on the death of Governor Belcher, in- 
closed in Governor PownalVs letter to the Lords 
of Trade, dated Sept. 16, 1757. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, 1. 54.1 

Teenton Sep* 22^. 1757. 

To the Hon^^^ John Reading Esq' President of 
His Majesty's Council of New- Jersey 

Sir 

As to the Administration of the Government of His 
Majesty's Province of Nova Cesaria or New Jersey, 
Doth, upon the Decease of His Excellency Jonathan 



262 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHEK. [175? 

Belcher &c by Virtue of His Majesty's Commission to 
me as Lieu' Governor of the same, devolve on me, and 
in Case of my Absence from the Province, on you, as 
His Majesty's eldest Councellor, I do desire of Your 
Honour to acquaint me whether you have refused to 
take upon you the Administration thereof, or have 
persisted in such Resolution during any Part of the 
Time from the Death of the late Governor Belcher to 
this 22^^ Day of Sept- the Day of my taking upon me 
the Administration of the Government. 

I have the Hon-' to be Sir 

T. POWNALL 



Letter from John Reading, President of the Council, 
to Governor Poimiall in answer to the foregoing. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, I. 55.] 

Trenton Sep!' 22 'I 1T57 

To Lieu'' Gov^ Pownall 
Sir, 

In Answer to your Honour's Letter of this Evening 
I am to inform you, that it was on the late Governor's 
promise that I shou'd be at Liberty to resign as soon 
as he became acquainted with the affairs of this Colony 
& Dispositions of the Principal Inhabitants that I was 
prevailed with to Qualify to his Instructions and upon 
his Removal to Elizabeth Town I requested his leave 
to resign the Seat his Majesty had Honour'd me with 
at the Council Board & Acquamanted him witli the 
Bodily infirmities which rendered it inconvenient to 
me to attend. 

Governor Belcher never gave me his Permission to 
Resign positively and thus Matters stood till his late 
Excellency's death when It was notified to me 1 re- 



1757] ADMIKISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 263 

turned for Answer that it was not in my Power to 
execute the Government in a Time of Such Import- 
ance & peril and requested the Council that my Resig- 
nation Menconed to Governor Belcher might take 
place — I was afterwards informed by Letter both from 
the Council and Secretary that the Legislature were 
Sitting and things wou'd run into great Confusion if 
the Colony shou'd remain without a Commander in 
Chief and pressed my coming to Elizabeth to Qualify, 
to this I answered that I desned to be released from 
the duty which had Devolved on me Expecting that 
they might have Consented and that Consent been 
Legal and assuring them that I wou'd Execute any 
More formal Resignation or Release if they cou'd agree 
on the words thus things Stood from the Governor's 
death till the Day of my Qualification and even on that 
day. Should not have Complyed if my Duty to the 
Execution of His Majesty's Commands and the Pres- 
ervation of Peace & Tranquilty to the Province had 
not prevailed. I beg Leave to assure your Honour 
that it was vdth the utmost uneasiness & reluctancy 
that I did take upon myself the Administration and it 
will give me great Pleasure whenever I am released 
from it. 

I am Honourble Sr 

Your Honours Most Obedient 

and Most Humble Servant 

Jn° Reading 
To the Honourable Thomas Pownall Esq^ Lieutn 
Governor of New Jersey. 



364 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1757 



Letter from Cortlandt Skinner, Attorney -General^ to 
Governor Pownall — with queries, submitted to him 
by the Council, relative to the authority of Mr. 
Reading as President of the Council. 

I From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, I, 50. | 

Perth Amboy 26 Sep- 1757 

His Excellency Tho^ Pownall Esq*" 
Sir 

In Obedience to Your Excellency's Commands, I 
have taken the first Opportunity to transmitt a Copy 
of the Answer delivered by me to the Council, upon the 
Queries put by them to M- Kearny, M' Smith & myself- 
What W Kearney's Opinion was I do not now rec- 
ollect; only this I remember, that upon hearing it read, 
I told him I cou'd not join it: So did M! Smith; & 
therefore drew and deliver'd another to the Council, of 
which the enclosed is a Copy. I am, with the greatest 
Eegard. 

Your Excellency's most obedient, 

& most humble Servant, 

CoRT° Skinner 

Attorney General 

Copy of Questions &.ca put by the Council. 

Quest. 1. Whether it be in the Power of a Coun- 
cillor to resign, relinquish, or vacate his Seat, without 
Leave from the King or Governor i If Yes. 

2. Whether M?" Reading's Letters amount to a Res- 
ignat, Vacat, &ca i 

3. If he was a Councillor at the Time of the Death 
of the Governor, Whether he can resign or relinquish 
his Seat; or being first named in the King's Instruc- 
tions, can decline the Administration; & whether the 
Council can accept of such Resignation, or consent to 
such Rehnquishment ? 



1757] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR ITELCHER. 26o 

4. If he shou'd refuse to take the Oaths of Office, 
necessary to be administered, previous to his entering 
upon the Administration, what can and ought the 
Council to do in such Case i 

We have perused the Copy of a Clause in the Late 
Gov"" Belcher's Commission, and in Answer to the 
Questions proposed, humbly submit the following Sen- 
timents to the Consideration of the Honble Board. 

1. We conceive clearly that the Exercise of the 
Powers of Government in this Province is devolved 
upon Mr Reading — That by the Commission he is in- 
vested with an Office of Great Trust. 

2diy We are also of Opinion, that this Office may be 
resigned, but we are inclined to the Opinion, that the 
Validity of such resignation depends upon His Maj- 
esty's Concurrence, which the Council cannot give. 
Henc it results. 

3".'y That till His Majesty's Pleasure in this Respect 
is known M' Readings Investiture still continues. 

These Observations contain our Answers to all but 
the last Question proposed; with Respect to which. We 
conceive: That if M'' Reading refuses the Qualifica- 
tions necessary to his Entrance upon the Exercise of 
the Powers contained in the Commission, the — Gentle- 
men of the Council will think it their Duty, as the 
most distinguished Servants of the Crown in this Prov- 
ince, to take upon themselves the Managemt of the 
Aifairs of the Government, as nearly conformable to 
the Commission and Instructions, as the present State 
of Things will admit. As to the Propriety of any 
Particular Member taking upon himself the Chief 
Command, we are in Doubt. And W Reading's Con- 
duct appears to us to be a Contingency not foreseen or 
provided for by the Commission and Instructions. 
We are the Councill's most obed' &ca 

C. Skinner Att'y Gen. 
W? Smith Jun? 

Eliz^ Town, 5^" Sep"" 1757 



266 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. [1757 



Letter from Governor Pownall to the Lords of Trade 
— giving an account of his proceedings on the 
death of Governor Belcher. 

[From P. R. O. B. T. New Jersey, Vol. 8, I. 48.] 

N York Sep^ 26. 1757 

To the Lords of Trade 

My Lords 

Governor Belcher died on the 31" of August, I re- 
ceived no Account of it from His Majestys Council, 
nor the Secretary. On Saturday September the 10"", 
I was first acquainted w^ith it from the New York 
Newspapers. I had Reason to imagime, from the 
State of His Majestys Council in New Jersey, that the 
Administration, if not the Whole Government must 
be in great Confusion. I was from several Private 
Hands informed, that the President had not qualified; 
That His Majesty's Council were in great Confusion; 
That the Administration was at a Stand. I knew, 
that if they determined amongst themselves, that M' 
Reading cou'd resign; that M' Morris, as next Coun- 
cillor, must take upon him the Administration of the 
Government. I was sensible how improper that 
wou'd be in the Present State of the Province, It was 
from the Troubles in the Province, betwixt the Pro- 
prietors and Land Holders, when the Proprietors held 
the Government, that they were forced to resign it 
into the Hands of the Crown. These Matters are yet 
in Dispute, and M' Morris is one of the Principal Man- 
agers of the Proprietors and of the Council of the 
Proprietors. Moreover, the Governor is alway Chan- 
cellor, and Keeper of the Broad Seal; There is a Chan- 
cery Suit of great Importance & great Interest now 



1757] ADMINISTRATION" OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 267 

depending, in which, as one of the East Jersey Pro- 
prietors, M"" Morris is interested. 

I therefore determined, (as it was in the Recess of 
the General Coui-t at Boston, and all Danger from the 
French was at present so removed, that my Service at 
Boston might be spared a Little) to set out forthwith 
for the Jerseys. On Sunday Night I received an Ex- 
press from Lord Loudoun, "Acquainting me with the 
" Transactions of the Council since M'" Belcher's Death, 
"& that the Situation of the Province was very bad, 
" & that how it cou'd be remedied was more than he 
"cou'd see, unless I cou'd come and set things right 
"amongst them.'' On Monday I called a Council, and 
set out on Tuesday, arrived at New York on Saturday, 
continued Sunday and Monday with Lord Loudoun, 
and proceeded for the Jerseys. 

I must beg Leave here to trouble Your Lordships 
with the Accounts I received. At M"" Belcher's Death 
the Assembly were sitting. M"" Reading, the Eldest 
Councillor, on whom, in my Absence, the Government 
must devolve, was confined at Home with a bad Leg. 
The Council wrote to him to come to Elizabeth Town, 
& take upon him the Administration. (Your Lord- 
ships will here observe, that if the Assembly was not 
held at Amboy or Burlington, it might as well be ad- 
journed to Readiogstown, on account of the President's 
Ill-Health, as it was called together at Elizabeth Town, 
on account of M'' Belcher's Ill-Health.) The President 
wrote Letters, begging that if it cou'd any Way be 
contrived that he might be excused, that he was wilUng 
to resign. Whether tlie Couiicil was willing he shou'd, 
or not, I have no Right to determine; Perhaps your 
Lordships may be able to judge by the steps they took. 
They understood his Letters as an absolute Refusal, 
and a persisting in such Resolution. They requested 
M- Morris to write so to Lord Loudoun. They cou'd 
draw Nothing from Lord Loudoun; but he very prop- 



268 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER, [1757 

erly judging, that he had Nothing to do (No I) with it, 
sent the Copy of the Letter to me. They suffered 
themselves, contrary to the Express v^^ords of the Com- 
mission and Instructions, to douht whether the Presi- 
dent cou'd abdicate, & whether, in such Case, it might 
not devolve on Mr Morris ; and tho' Ml" Morris bie 
Chief Justice; M^ Salter, another of the Council, Judge, 
W- Ogden, another of the Council, one of the Principal 
Lawyers in the Province, they took the (N*^ II) Opinion 
of Lawyers, (the Attorney General & a Young At- 
torney of New York, who chanced to be there,) upon 
several Queries they laid before them. Seeking thus 
Eemedies of their Own Invention, and never once this 
whole Time, applying to the proper Provision, which 
His Majesty had made by appointing me Lieutenant 
Governor, with an Express Clause in my Commission, 
in Case of the Death of the Governor in Chief, to exe- 
cute the Commission and Instructions; of which all 
His Majesty's Officers and others were commanded to 
take Notice, all which was upon Eecord in their 
Council Books. They neither wrote to me nor di- 
rected the Secretary to write. The Secretary acquaints 
me that he did write, but the Letter was too late for 
the Post, so cou'd not be arrived at Boston, when I 
came away. I have since received it here. However 
the President, (N° III) after some Days, did qualify, & 
wrote me Word. 

In this Situation I found Things, according to the 
best Accounts I cou'd learn. — I understood that the 
President lay ill at Trenton, I proceeded forthwith to 
Trenton, I issued out Summons to the Council, to 
attend me there. I called myself upon all that lay in 
my way, and took them on with me, that I might be 
sure of a Council. I waited on the President, and 
concerted Matters with Him, as will appear in the 
Letter I wrote him, upon leaving the Goveriunent in 
His Hands. On Thursday, the 22'! I liad sufficient 



1757] ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCHER. 269 

Members to make a Council. I qualified & received 
the Commission, Instructions, & Seals. I (N" 4.) gave 
my Assent to a Resolve of Both Houses for raising a 
Hundred Rangers for the King's Service under Lord 
Loudoun, & acquainted His Lordship of it; having 
given Directions for Issuing the Commissions, and 
raising the Men forthwith. I laid before them an Ad- 
ditional Instruction from His Majesty, dated at S* 
James's, ll*?" Jan'- 1757. — respecting the Conduct of 
Privateers & Vessels with Letters of Marque in the 
Gulph of Naples. 

That I might be properly informed in whose Hands 
the Government had been since the Death of MJ 
Belcher, (N" 5.) I wrote in Council the following Letter 
to the President. (N° 6.) I received from him the en- 
closed Answer. 

The next Day Sep' 23'! the Council waited upon me 
with an Address. After this, having, as I said, con- 
certed Matters with the President, I asked the Council, 
whether they knew of any Matter or Business, that 
might further require my immediate Presence in the 
Province. They acquainted me that they knew of 
None. I then informed them, that the necessity of His 
Majesty's Service in the Government of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, required my Returning to Boston as soon 
as possible: That I shou'd leave the Administration in 
the Hands of the President; That I had deliver'd to him 
the Commission, Instructions & Seals, and had wrote 
him the (N" 7.) following Letter, & that I wou'd ac- 
cording to what I had promised in that Letter, return 
whenever my Presence shou'd be wanted. I came 
away directly, and returned to this Place. — And thus 
the Government of New Jersey now stands. 

I must acquaint Your Lordships, that M^ Reading, 
the President, is an Old Gentleman of 76, is very bad 
of a Sore Leg, and when I saw him, was, by the Doc- 
tor's Advice, under a Kind of a Salivation, which they 



270 ADMINISTRATION OF GOVERNOR BELCnER. [1757 

mean by a Course of Physick. What may be the 
Event of His Health I know not. If he shou'd die, the 
Government devolves upon M'' Morris. How to act in 
such Case, I am under the greatest Difficulty. Mr 
Morris is a very sensible and good Man. I have had 
an Old Acquaintance with him: I am clear, that it is 
altogether improper that the Government of the Jer- 
seys shou'd fall into his Hands at Present. It is im- 
possible for me to attend the Administration. If the 
President shou'd die, it must devolve upon M!" Morris, 
unless I shou'd suspend him, which wou'd be a harsh 
Measure, and hard for an old Acquaintance to do. 

However, my Lords, I will do the King's Business, 
whatever becomes of myself, and will do it vt^ithout 
Fear, Favor, or Affection. In the Mean Time, I hope 
Your Lordships will recommend to His Majesty some 
Person that has no Connections with this Country, 
and that such may come over here without Delay. I 
shall think myself very happy to be so superceded in 
my Command. 

In all the above, I must beg for Your Lordship's 
kind Interpretation of my Conduct, and favorable 
Representation of it to His Majesty. 

I have y*" honor to be My Lords Your Lordships 
most Obedient & Most Humble Servant 

T. POWNALL. 

P: S: As there is or may be a Vacancy in his Maj- 
esty's Council of N Jersey, 1 beg leave to recommend 
to Your Nomination Doctor Lewis Johnston of Amboy 
a Gentleman of fortune & Learning & for w^hose In- 
tegrity I can be answerable. T P 



INDEX. 



INDEX 



PART FIRST. 



Account of the receipts and payments 
of mone3% C5. — Warrants for pay- 
ments signed by the Governor, 10.). 

Alexander: James, member of Council, 
16, 20, 103, 105.— Papers authenticated 
by, liiS.— Bond of lude >mity, 200.— 
Counsel for Swaartwoots, 208.— Sur- 
veyor for East Jersey, 209.— Referred 
to, 221, 232, 253, 254, 261, -His decla- 
ration concerning Jarrat's surveying 
instruments, 203.— Memorandum con- 
cerning line between New York and 
New Jersey, 267, 269.— Referred to, 
290. 

Alexander: William; Bond of Indemnifi- 
cation to, 200. 

Alford: Colonel John, Letter to, from 
Governor Belcher in regard to the 
C'oUefre, 10.— Letter from the same 
thanking him for a subscription to 
the College, 109. 

Allen: James, referred to, 109. 

Allen: John, Treasurer of Western Divi- 



sion, accounts from 1733 to 1751, 66, 
75. 

Ashfield: Lewis Morris, Letter concern- 
ing from Governor Belcher to Lord 
Halifax, 8.— Refused admission to 
Council by Governor Belcher, 1 6, 17. 
—His acquittal announced to Mr. 
Partridge by Governor Belcher, 36. — 
An account of his trial by Judge 
NeviU in a letter to Governor Belcher, 
40. — Message of Governor Belcher re- 
lating to his admission to the Gouncil, 
101.— He appears at the door of the 
(Council praying admission, 107. — The 
Governor's refusal to admit him dis- 
approved by the Lords of Trade, 134. 
— His admission to the Council, 136. 

Assembly: ^Messages to, from Governor 
Belcher, 12, 21. - • Proceedings of, 
transmitted to Lords of Trade, 287. 

Ays^^ough: John, Letter to R. H. Morris, 
116. 



B. 



Barclay: Mr., Referred to, 1.54, 155. 

Barclay & Son, Messrs., referred to, 159. 

Basset : Arnold, Constable of Orange 
County, New York, 225. 

Bayard: Referred to, 211, 270. 

Belcher & Foye: Letter to, from Gov- 
ernor Belcher, 108. 

Belcher: Governor, Letter to Benjamin 
Franklin about electric apparatus, 
7.— Letter to Lord Halifax, objecting 
to the appointment of L. M. Ashfield 
as a member of the Council. 8. — Let- 
ter to Colonel Brattle about electrical 
cure, 9.— Letter to John Alford. 10.— 
Message to the Legislature concern- 
ing support of Government, 12, 21. 
— Letter to his nephew, Mr. Foye, 
22.— L 'tter to Wm. Morris, about a 
Library at Trenton, 32.— Letter to 
Richard Partridge on acquittal of 
Ashfield, .'0. — Letter to Andrew 
Johnson and Samuel NeviU on im- 
prisonment of Cornelius Wyckoff, 
37.— Letter to Samuel NeviU about 
the riot at Perth Amboy, 38, 39.— To 
Andrew Jolmson and c>amuel NeviU, 
regarding Wyckoff and Waller, 45. — 
To Richard Partridge, concerning 
riots at Perth Amboy, 52.— To Lords 

18 



of Trade concerning riots in New 
Jersey, 60. — To Richard i artridge, 
concerning James Alexander, 61. — 
Letter to Dr. George Whitefield, 84.— 
Letter to Countess of Huntingdon, 
87.— Letter to Mr. Shii pen concern- 
ing College of New Jersey. 94.— Let- 
ter to Lord Hard wick, desiring the 
King's orders, 95. — Letter to Earl 
Granville, asking for continued confi- 
dence, 97.— Letter to Lord Halifax 
about the affairs in the Province, 99. 
Message to CouncU. rel.'iting to ad- 
mission of L. M. Ashfield, 101.— Let- 
ter to Lords of Trade, lu-ging trans- 
mission of orders from the King, 102. 
—Extract from letter to Partridge 
concerning Mr. R. H Morris, 102.— 
Speech before Council. lO'i. — Letter 
to Belcher & Fo.ve, 108.— Letter to 
Colonel Alford, concerning College 
of New Jersey, also tbe manufacture 
of glass, 109.-"- Letter to the Lords of 
Trade, relative lo his not admitting 
Lewis Morris Ashfield to a seat in 
Council. 111.— Letter to the Lords of 
Trade, in reference to a revision of 
the Laws. 113.— Letter from Lords of 
Trade, disapproving his course to- 



274 



INDEX. 



wards Mr. Ashfleld, 1S4.— Letter to 
the Lords of Trade, about proceedings 
of the Legislature, 13,5.— Letter to the 
same regarding the admission of Mr. 
Ashfleld to the Council, 136.— Letter 
from Lords of Trade in behalf of Mr. 
John Braiiiard, a Jlissionary, 140.— 
Letter to Lord.s of Trade, comment- 
ing on the state of the Province, 151. 
—Circular Letter to. from Board of 
Trade, 15C. — Instnictions to, from 
Lords of Trade, 188.— Letter to Lords 
of Trade, relative to disputes be- 
tween New York and New Jersey for 
want of a dividing line, 190.— Me- 
morial of the Proprietors of East 
New Jerse.y to, 203.— Letter to the 
Lords of Trade, transmitting pro- 
ceedings of the Council and Assem- 
bly, 287.— Letter to, from Sir Thomas 
Robinson. 292.— Letter to, from the 
Lords of Trade, in regard to defence 
against the French, 294.— Letter to 
Ricliai'd Partridge in behalf of Court- 
landt Skinner as Attorney-General, 
298. 

Bills for the support of Government, 11, 
12, 21, 30.— Petition asking the King's 
assent to a a bill making current 
£60,000 in Bills of Credit, 183. 

Bonney: Joseph, Petition to the Council, 
104. 

Boundai-y line between New York and 
New Jersey: Opinion of the Lords of 
Trade on, 128.— Letter of Robert 
Charles, agent of New York, con- 
cerning, 135.— Argument that the 
forks of the Delaware are the true 
limits of New Jersey on the north, 
139.— Question referring to.answered, 



141.— -Representation of the Lords of 
Trade to the King, relative to, 144.— 
Letter from Ferdinand J. Paris, rela- 
tive to, 152. — Answer to the same, 
157.— Petition of the Proprietors of 
East Jersey against the repeal of the 
Boundary Act of 1747, 160.— Letter of 
Ferdinand J. Paris, relative to, 182. — 
Disputes between the people of New 
York and New Jersey, concerning, 
190. — Difficulties with New Jersey 
complained of to the Lords of Trade, 
192.— Bond of Indemnification con- 
cerning charge of settling bounds, 
200.— Memorial of the Council of Pro- 
prietors of the Eastern Division of 
New Jersey, concerning, 202.— Me- 
morial of the Proprietors of the 
Eastern and Western Divisions, con- 
cerning, 244. — Letter from Lieuten- 
ant-Governor De Lancey to the Lords 
of Trade, concerning, 288.— Answer 
thereto from the Lords of Trade, 297. 

Bradford: Mr., Referred to, 84. 

Brainard: John, a Missionary, molested 
in his work. 140. 

Bryant : Captain William, a note con- 
cerning, 116.— Referred to, 218. 

Buckinghamsh: Earl of, 23. 

Burlington "bounty: Money received from 
the Collector, 66, 67, 68.— Interest 
moneys from, 73, 74. 

Burnet: Governor, referred to, 208. 

Burnet: John, Bond of Indemnification, 
200. 

Burr: Rev. Aaron, President of the new 
College, 11.— Unable to go to Great 
Britain in behalf of the College, 85.— 
Complimented on his marriage by 
Governor Belcher, 89. 



C. 



Campbell: Hume, 145, 155. 

Canada: Expedition to; disbursements 
for. 70, 79. 

Cape May County : money received from 
Collector of, 66, 67, 68.— Fi-om Com- 
missions, 71. — Imterest money from, 
73, 74. 

Caspar: A German manufacturer of 
glass, 110. 

Catherwood: Mr., 94, 117, 123, 154, 159. 

Chambers: Mr., 132, 123. 

Chapman: John, Deputy Sm-veyor, 207. 

Charles: Robert. Letter to Governor 
Chnton, 135.— Referred to. 145. 

Cheesecoeks: Patent of, 209, 275. 

Cholmondeley: Earl of, 23. 

Clark: George, Lieutenant-Governor of 
New York, 210.— Letter to the Jus- 
tices of the Peace of Orange County, 
N. Y., 266. 

Clajrton: William, 74. 

Clinton : Charles, Surveyor, 209. 

Clinton: Governor George, Letter to Rob- 
ert H. Morris, leave of absence de- 
nied, 92.— Taking money for an office. 
94.— Letter to Robert H. Morris, en- 
closing a notice of Chief-Justice De 
Lancey, 130 -Referred to, 191, 213. 

Clinton: Captain, 117. 

Crane: Stephen, made Justice of the 
Peace, 105. 



College (of New Jersey): prospects of, 
10.— Expected aid for, from the Kirk 
of Scotland, 11.— An agent for, to be 
sent to England. 94.— Subscription to, 
from Colonel Alford. 109. 

Colonies and Plantations: Order of the 
King for the improved government 
of, 23. — Additional instructions to 
the Colonial Governors, relative to 
the revision and transmission of their 
laws, 27.— Letter from the Earl of 
Holdemesse to the Lords of Trade, 
concerning, 32.— Circular Letter to 
the Governors, 35, 63.— Circular Let- 
ter from the Lords of Trade to the 
Governors in America, 156.— Report 
of the Lords of Trade relative to Ap- 
peals in the Plantations in Cases of 
Error, 188.— Copy of the King's 95th 
and 96th Instructions, in regard to 
the general security of the Planta- 
tions, 194. 

Connecticut: Contribution to fortifica- 
tions on tlie Northern Fi-ontiers of 
New York, 194.— Quota of assistance, 
195. 

Conner: Daniel, Witness, 41. 

Corle: Benjamin, a rioter, 48. 

Cornwallis: Lord, 23. 

Cosby: Governor, payments to, 76. 

Cottinam: Abraham, Affidavit, 40. 



INDEX. 



275 



Council of New Jersey: Message to, 
from Governor Belcher, 12.— Memo- 
rial of Richard Partridge relative to 
the state of, 18, 21.— Proceedings of, 
laid before the Lords of Trade, 60.— 
Message to. relating to the admission 
of Mr. Ashfleld, 101.— Minutes of Au- 
gust 10th and 11th. 17,52, 103, 10T.~ 
Memorial to, of the Proprietors of 
the Eastern and Western Divisions 
of New Jersey, 244.— Proceedings of, 
transmitted to Lords of Trade, 287. 



Council of the Province of New York: 
Petition of Allan Jarrat, 233.— Reply 
thereto, 235.— Petition of the inhabi- 
tants of New York, bordering upon 
the partition between that Proviuce 
and New Jersey, 238. 

Cox: Dr., 154. 

Crane: Stephen, made Justice of the 

Crook: John, of Esopus, 267. 



Davis : Solomon, Justice of the Peace, 
212. 

Deare: William, Sheriflf, 44.— Writ to, 
from Governor Belcher, 45. 48.— Affi- 
davit in regard to breaking gaol at 
Perth Ambov, 50. 

Decker: Peter, 283.— Affidavit of. 286. 

Decows: Isaac, Moneys received from, 70. 

Dekey: Jack, 283, 284. 

Dekey: Jacobus, 227. 

Dekey: Thomas, Colonel of Militia of 
Orange County, N. Y., his abusive 
treatment of Daniel Harrisoc, 214.— 
His threats to tenants of the Propri- 
etors of East Jersey. 220.— His beat- 
ing and robbing Richard Gardner 
and John Herring, 227, 268.— Eject- 
ment against, 269, 271.— Further 
threats. 272.— Affidavits against, 282, 
285, 286.— His affidavit relative to 



laying out a highway through Mini 
sink. 299. 

De Lancey : James. Pictiu*e of, by George 
Clinton, Governor of New York, 122. 
—Letter to the Lords of Trade about 
the difficulties with New Jersey, 192. 
—His interest in the Miuisink Patent, 
232.— Letter to the Lords of Trade 
about the division line between New 
York and New Jersey, 288.— Letter to 
him from the Lords of Trade about 
the same, 297. 

Delaware River: Forks of, the northern 
boundary of New Jersey, 139. 

Disbanded Corn-tier: Character of a, 120. 

Dongan: Thomas, Governor of New 
York, 204, 249, 250. 

Duncan : Thomas, Witness, 42. 

Dutch Reformed Church in Middlesex, 
Somerset and Hunterdon Counties, 
108. 



E. 



East New Jersey: Quota of assistance to 
New York northern frontier, 195, 

Edwards: Rev. Jonathan, 89. 

Edwards: Esther, 89. 

Elizabeth: Free Borough of. Petition 
from, 104. 



Elton: Anthony, 107. 

Essex County: Petition of the possessors 

of lands "in, 54, 55, 56. —Justices of the 

Peace for, 105. 



Forrester: Mr., 145. 

Fox: Thomas, Affidavit in regard to 
breaking open gaol at Perth Amboy, 
48. 

Foye : Mr. , Nephew of Governor Belcher, 
22. 

Franklin, Ben.iamin, Letter to, from 
Governor Belcher, about an electri- 
cal apparatus, 7. 



French: Hostile attempts of the, on the 
Ohio. 292.— Letter from the Lords of 
Trade, commenting on the action of 
the Legislature in not providing re- 
sources for the common defence 
against the, 294. 

Furman: Mr., 154. 



G. 



Gardner: Richard, Complains of Dekey 
and others of New Yor