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Full text of "Documents relative to the colonial history of the state of New-York : procured in Holland, England, and France"

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These Documents have been published under the direction of the Governor, Secretary op State, 
and Comptroller of the State of New- York, in virtue of an Act of the Legislature of the said Stale, 
entitled " An Act to Provide for the Publishing of certain Documents relating to the Colonial History 
of the State," passed March 30th, 1849. 

The Documents in Dutch and French were translated by E. B. O'Callaghan, M. D., who was 
employed by the State Officers above named for that purpose, and to superintend the publication 








1093. Taok. 

Fcbruary 13. Report of tlie SolicilorOoiicriil to tlio Lonls of Trado, Ac, upon tlieir Majcaties' right to appoint 

GovcriiorH for Coiiiiofrlicut iintl Kji«t niul WohI .lornoy 1 

February M. Letter of (iovornor Kletchcr to Mr. liliitliwayt — difference with Sir Win. Pbips — French and Indians, itc, 2 

January 7. Letter of Governor Fletcher to Jlr. IJudley • 2 

January 7. Letter of Governor Fletcher to Sir Wm. riii|)a, 3 


October 12. Letter from Abraham Govcrncur to his parents, l 


January 20. Letter of Aliraliarri Govcrncur to Governor Fletcher, 5 

January 27. Letter of Sir Wm."Phip8 to Governor Fletcher 8 

February 11. Letter of Major Ingoldesby to Governor Fletcher — -French and Indian news — Selieneetady, <tc., 6 

January. Tliomas Clarke's account of his interview with Sir Win. I'hips 8 

February 16. Narrative of conference between Sir William I'hips and Gaplain Clarke at Boston, 9 

February 23. The King's letter toCioveriior Fletcher — to con»ult and advisifwilh the MasKaehusetls Government about 

the Canada e.\]iedition 12 

March 8. Letter of Governor Fletcher to Mr. HIathwayt — French and Indians — neighboring Colonies — troops, Ac, 13 

Marcii 7. Journal of Governor Fletcher's e.xjiedition against the French and Indians of Canada H 

February 21. Keport of Major Peter Schuyler and others to Governor Fletcher — Mohawk expedition, IB 

February 21. Address of the Mayor, (Sic, of Albony to Governor Fletcher, Ill 

February 25. Speech of Governor Fletelier to the Sachems of the Five NationH, at Albany, 2i) 

February 25. The answer of the Five Nations to (Jovernor Fletcher's speech ' 22 

April 20. A list of all (he nUicers in the Province of New-York, and of their salaries 2C 

April 21. State of the militia in their Majesties' Province of New-York .' 29 

May 1. Draft of a coTumission to Governor Fletcher, to bo eommnnder-in-chief of the niilitin, ami land ami 

sea forces of Conuoetiout, with orders to pass the same at the King's charge 29 

Juno 12. Minute of the Lords of Trade, Ac, upon Governor Fletcher's correspondence, 31 

Juno 12. Letter of Governor Fletcher to Mr. Blathwayl; — Mr. Lodwick sent to London, itc 31 

June 13. Governor Fletcher's instructions to Mr. Lodwick, 32 


December 6. Letter from W. Penn to flovernor Fletcher, 33 

December 4. Extract of a letter from William I'enn to a person in Philadelphia Si 


March 27. Letter of Thomas Lloyd, Deputy-Governor of Pennsylvania, to Governor Fletcher, 36 

. August IS. Abstract of Governor Fletcher's letter to the Lords of Trade, Ac 80 

August 15. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Secretary of State — Connecticut, Pcnnsylvonia, Ac, 30 

August 1 5. Letter of Governor Fletcher to .Mr. lilathwayt — state of affairs, Ae., 37 

July 0. Account of several passages of the treaty (if Governor Fletcher with the Indians of tlio Five Nations, 

at Albany, in June and July, 1093 38 

July 25. Letter of Major Peter Schuyler to Governor Fletcher, '1'? 

July 1. Translation of a letter of the Ucv. Claude Dablon, Superior of the Jesuits of Canada, to Mr. Dellius,. . -IH 

July 81. Translation of a letter from the Rev. Peter Milet to Mr. Dellius, with Indian news, Ac, ■!'.) 

July 81. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Sachems of the Five Nations, 51 

August 18. Abstract of Governor Fletcher's letter to the Lords of Trade, Ac 52 


1693. Page. 

August 18. Letter of Governor Fletclier to the Ser-refary of State — Pennsylvaui.a affairs 52 

Memorial of Mr. Charles Lodwick, ia behalf of the Province of NcTT-York, to the Lords of the Committee 

for Trade, iSic., ' 53 

October 5. Abstract of Governor Fletcher's letter to Mr. Blatliwayt — persons in New-York under sentence for 

aiding, ie., in Leisler's affair, 54 

October 9. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Committee — Indians — French — Sir William Phips — Colonial 

affairs, <fee 55 

Au.,'ust 2. Letter of Mr. Chidlcy Brooke to Governor Fletcher — news from Boston, <to., 58 

August 19. Major Dirck Wessels' journal of his mission to Onondaga, ifec 59 

October 3. Letter of Major Schuyler to Governor Fletcher — Indian intelligence, C3 

October S. Letter of Major Schuyler to Governor Fletcher — further Indian news, 65 

Angvist 31. Letter of Governor Fletcher to Sir William Phips — Commissioners, C6 

Se[itember 18. Letter of Sir William Phips to Governor Fletcher — reasons wliy Massachusetts sends no Delegate to the 

proposed Congress, iSjc, 67 

October 10. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade— ea).ture of a French privateer captain— French 

designs, ttc : 68 

October 27. Abstract of Governor Fletcher's letter and papers about Connecticut, 69 

October 30. 'Letter of Governor Fletcher to Mr. Southwell — Connecticut affairs 71 

November 10. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Ti-ade — Connecticut — Canada, &c., 72 

January 11. Order in Council allowing Governor Fletcher to receive the New- York rate of one penny in the 

pound, ifec. 73 

January 22. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade — military all'airs in New-York, 74 


December 4. Letter of Major Schuyler to Governor Fletcher — Indian affairs, 75 

November 22. Message from the Onondagas, by Johannes Luykasse 76 

December 2. Report of Joseph, a Mohawk warrior, sent to the Oneidas to demand Tarriha, &c 77 


January 12. Translation of a letter of the Rev. Mr. Dellius to Governor Fletcher, 78 


[December?] Rev. Mr. Milet's interpretation of three Belts sent by the Five Nations to the Governor of Canada,.. 79 

January 12. Letter of Major Ingoldcsby to Governor Fletcher — Indian intelligence 80 

January 12. Journal of Major Schuyler's intended journey to the Five Nations, 81 

March 12. Report of the Lords of Trade, ite., in favor of pardoning the persons under sentence in New-York for 

the Leisler affair 83 

March 28. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade — French and Indian affairs — no assistance from the 

neigliboring Colonics, <tc 84 

February 9. Minutes of conferences between Major Schuyler, <fee., and the Sachems of the Five Nations at Albany, 

2d to 9th February, 85 

February 1 2. Letter of Mr. Dellius to Governor Fletcher — French and Indian news, 92 

January 31. Translation of a letter of Rev. Father Milct to Mr. Dellius, 93 

February 9. Letter of Rev. Mr. Dellius to Father Milct in reply, 95 

February 14. Letter of Major Schuyler to Governor Fletcher — Indian proceedings, ifec., 96 

Fcbruajy 14. Letter of Mr. Livingston to Governor Fletcher— French and Indian affairs, 97 

February 10. Report of Captain Arent Schuyler to Governor Fletcher of his mission to the Minnissinck country 98 

April S. Letter of the Council of New-York to the Lords of Trade — Governor Fletcher gone to Albany — state 

of the Province, <&c., 99 ' 

March 20. Letter from the Council of Connecticut to Governor Fletcher, 100 

April 13. Minute of the Lords of Trade ujion Governor Fletcher's letter of 22d February — quotas for the 

Colonics, <tc., 101 

April 19. Petition of Major-General J(dm Winthrop, in behalf of Connecticut, to the King — commission to 

Governor Fletcher, <fec., 102 

April 19. Order in Council upon Major-General Winthrop's i>elition, and report of the Attorney and Solicitor- 
General respecting the Connecticut quota, &a 103 

June 21. Letter of the Queen to Governor Fletcher respecting his command in Connecticut, <fec., 106 












November 19. 

November 19. 





November 10. 


■ 8. 
















September 14. 

September 17. 

September 19. 

September 19. 





















































Order in Council respecting quotas for New- York from Massachusetts, Virginia and MarylauJ, 107 

Minute of the Lords of Trade, iSjc, upon Mr. Pcnn's attendance, and of his riglit to the Government of 

Pennsylvania, &c. lOg 

Revocation of Governor Fletcher's couiiiiission for Pennsylvania 1 Id 

Letter of the Queen to Governor Klutclicr respecting colonial quotas, ite., . . ^ m 

Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of the Admiralty — t'ourls of Admiralty in New-York, itc.,. . 112 

Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade — Indian and Canadian news, etc. 113 

Letter of Major Ingoldosby to Governor Fletcher — Albany news, 114 

Indian intelligence from Canada received at Schenectady, .' 115 

Intelligence from Quebec, given to Governor Fletcher at New-York, by Matthew Pawling and Nicholas 

Smith, 116 

Governor Fletcher's certificate in favor of Depeyster and Livingston's claims in 

Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade — Indian affairs, Ac, 118 

Message from the Governor of Canada to the Five Nations, and their reply, 4th February, 120 

Abstract of intelligence from Onondag.a, j 03 

Abstract of Indian intelligence received at Albany I24 

Letter of Rev. Mr. Dellius to Governor Fletcher — Indian and Canadian news, 125 

Minute of the Lords of Trade, &c., respecting prc.sents recommended to be sent to the Indians 120 

Proceedings of the Lords of Trade upon Mr. Robert Livingston's petition, 1'27 

Furtlier proceedings in Mr. Livingston's case, 129 

Colonel Dongan's certificate in favor of Mr. Livingston ] 30 

Memorial of Mr. Livingston to the Lords of Trade for speedy action on his ease, i-c. ]3l 

Statement of Mr. Livingston's case and proofs thereupon 132 

Memorial of Mr. Livingston to the Lords of Trade for a speedy decision, <tc 137 

Minute of the Lords of Trade on ilr. Livingston's case — Mr. Livingston's conduct respecting the 

proclamation of their Majesties, &c iss 

Letter of Mr. Livingston to the Lords of the Treasury — state of his case, <te 139 

Report of the Lords of the Treasury on Mr. Livingston's case, j.jO 

The King's letter to Governor Fletcher — quotas for the defence of New-York ].i2 

Letter of the Lords of Trade, itc, to Gov. Fletcher, ....'. 143 

Copies of examinations taken before the Lords of Trade, <feo., relating to Governor Fletcher's 

administration, ttc J43 

His Majesty's commission for promoting the trade of this Kingdom, and for inspecting and improving 

his Plantations in America and elsewhere I45 

Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Duke of Shrewsbury ]4y 

Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of the late Committee — frontier news, Ac, 150 

Letter of Colonel Schuyler to Governor Fletcher 151 

Letter of Governor Fletcher to Governor Treat, of Connecticut 152 

Letter of the Governor and Assembly of Connecticut to Governor Fletcher, 153 

Letter of the Governor and Council of New-York to the Governor, ite., of Connecticut, 153 

Letter of the Governor, <fec,, of Connecticut to Governor Fletcher, I54 

Letter of Governor Fletcher to Governor Walter Clarke, of Rhode Island 165 

Letter of Governor Clarke, of Rhode Island, to Governor Fletcher 156 

Letter of Governor Fletcher to Mr. Blathwayt — New-Y'ork affairs, . 157 

Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade — conduct of Pennsylvania — people of New-York 

emigrate to Philadelphia — causes, <Src., 158 

Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of the late Committee, <tc. — desertions of the troops, <tc I59 

Letter of Lieutenant Beckford, at Schenectady, to Governor Fletcher, 161 

Proceedings of the court-martial upon the Schenectady deserters Ifi2 

Letter of Governor Fletcher to Mr. Blathwayt — New-Y''ork affairs — Mr. Livingston, Ac 165 

Names of the Roman Catholics in the city of New-York, 160 

Order in Council upon the annexed report of the Lords of Trade, of the 7th July last, on the present 

state of the Plantations, Igg 


1696. Page. 

May 19. Paper drawn up at the Hague, by Mr. Charles Pilsworth, about the state of affairs in New-York, <tc., . . 167 

May 11. An account of the Five Nations of Indians, furnished by Mr. Levinus Van Sehaick, 168 

Memorial of Chidley Brooke and William NicoU, agents of New-York, to the Lords Justices, &a., 171 

Mr. Brooke's account of the revenue of New-York, from 1690 to 1696, 173 

AuoTist 22. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of the late Committee — French invasion of the Indian 

country, tfcc. 173 

August. Governor Fletcher's proceedings at Albany, &c., 175 

AuiJ-ust 10. Commission and instructions to the Board for the management of Indian affairs at Albany in the 

Governor's absence '. 177 

August 22. Governor Fletcher's answers to the depositions taken against him before the Lords of the late Committee, 178 

August 22. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of the Privy Council — French and Indian affairs, <tc., ISO 

August 26. Minute of the Lords of Trade upon Messrs. Brooke and NieoU's statements about New-York, <tc 181 

September 4. Information furnished by the Reverend Mr. Miller about New- York, 182 

September 8. Messrs. Brooke and NieoU's memorial to the Lords of Trade upon the best methods of securing 

New- York, &c., 183 

September 12. Minute of the Lords of Trade upon Messrs. Brooke and NieoU's memorial, etc., 185 

September 12. Copies of letters between Governor Fletcher and the Conneetiout Colony, 10th June to 10th September, 

1695, delivered this day to the Lords of Trade by Major-General Winthrop, 186 

September 18. Major-General Winthrop's journal of his march from Albany to Wood Creek, July-September, 1690, ... 193 

September 16. Minute of the Lords of Trade upon Messrs, Governeur and Leisler's statements respecting New-York, 197 

September 17. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade — Canadian and Indian affairs — Captain Kidd, <fec., .. 198 

June 26. Letter of Governor Ilamilton, of New Jersey, to Governor Fletcher 199 

August 28. Letter of Governor Hamilton, of New Jersey, to Governor Fletcher, 200 

September 10. Petition of Robert Livingston to the Governor and Council of New- York 201 

September 15. Report of the Council upon Mr. Livingston's commission, 203 

September 18. Letter of Governor Fletcher to Mr. Blathwayt— French and Indian news 204 

September 20. Letter of Mr. Robert Livingston to the Duke of Shrewsbury — Governor Fletcher's conduct towards him, etc., 205 

September 24. Mr. Nelson's memorial to the Lords of Trade respecting the Northern Colonies 206 

September 25. Abstract of Messrs. Leisler's and Governeur's statements and of certain grievances complained of by 

citizens of New-York, 212 

September 25. Memorial of Messrs. Leisler and Governeur respecting New- York since 1687, 213 

September 25. Statement of grievances at New-York from 1st September, 1692, to 31st October, 1695, signed by John 

Hutchins and others, 216 


June 13. Letter of P. de la Noy relative to Governor Fletcher's conduct, 221 

September 26. Letter of the Lords of Trade, notifying Governor Fletcher of their appointment — directions as to 

correspondence, &c., 225 

September 30. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the Lords Justices, lic, concerning the Northern Colonies in 

America, 227 

October 14. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King respecting the Province of New-Tork, 230 

November 9. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Duke of Shrewsbury — Indian affairs 232 

November 9. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade — Indian affairs, etc., 234 

October. Journal of Governor Fletcher's expedition to Albany to renew the covenant with £he Five Nations of 

'' Indians, 235 

October 16. Examinations of three French prisoners taken on the frontier, 241 

November 9. Letter of Governor Fletcher to Mr. Blathwayt — Indian affairs, 243 

November 13. Memorial of Messrs. Brooke and Nieolls to the Lords of Trade relating to the defence of New- York, . . 244 
November 23. Letter of the Council of New- York to the Lords of Trade — Governor Fletcher at Albany — affairs of the 

Province, &c., 245 

December 11. Minute on occasion of Mr. Penn's attendance upon the Lords of Trade, and complaints against Governor 

Fletcher, 246 

December 20. Letter of Governor Fletcher to Messrs. Brooke and Nieolls — Indian affairs, 246 

December 4. Conference between Governor Fletcher and the River Indians at Albany 248 

December 20. Letter of Governor Fletcher to Messrs. Brooke and Nieolls — provincial affairs, 249 

December 21. Letter of Governor Fletcher to Messrs. Brooke and Nieolls — garrisons, <fec., 251 

December 28. Memorial of Robert Livingston to the Lords of Trade — statement of his case, ifec 252 


1697. P.WiE. 

January 1. Memorial of Messrs. Brooke and NicoUs — assistance to New-York, A-c., 254 

February 1. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Governor Fleteli.r — general reiilles'aiid iiistriKtioiis 25.5 

February 25. Order in Council about the two Moliawk Indians brought to London, 208 

February 25. Ri presentation of tlie Lords of Trade lo the King — recommending the appointment ot a Governor, ite., 

for the Xorthern Colonies, including Xew-Y • k, itc 259 

March 16. Letter of the Duke of Shrewsbury to the of Trade directing them to prepare the commis-ions 

and instructions for Lord Bellomout, appointed Governor of New-York, SlasSitchusetts and New 

fiampshire, ilc, , 261 

April 8. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King upon Lord IJe'Iomont's cominis-ions, <tc., 202 

April 15. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King upon Lord Bellomoni's inslruct'ons, <tc 202 

May 11. Extract of a repn sentntion of the Lords of Trade lo the Privy Council, against the net of the New-Yoik 

Assembly, declaratory of the rights and privileges of his Mije-ty's subjects there, itc 2C3 

June 10. Memorial of Lord Belloinont to the Lords of Trade respecting the military forces for New-York, <tc. 

and tlieir Lordships' answer thereto 265 

June 18. Lord Bellomoni's commission as Governor of New-York, ite 2G6 

June 22. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade — detailed stalem.nt of the affairs of the Province, . . 273 

July 1. Commission to Captain John Nanfan, as Lieutenant-Governor of New-York 277 

July 2. Letter of Governor Fletcher to tlie Loids of Trade — French and Indian news, 277 

June 9. Propositions of the Onondagas at Albany, and answers thereto 279 

July 2. Extract of a memorial of Mr. Nelson to the Lords of Trade— claim of New-York to part of Acadie Ac, 282 

July 16. Minute of the Lords of Trade upon Colonel Ingoldesby's statement about New-York 283 

August 31. Instructions to Lord Bellomont for the government of New- York, ifcc, , 234 

September 9. Additional instructions to Lord Bellomont, to go first to New- York, .tc 292 

November 16. Letter of Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade — French and Indian affairs, <fcc 293 

September 28. Report of Schujler, Delliusand Wessels to Governor Fletcher, of the propositions, <fcc., of the Cayugas 

at Albany 294 


January 8. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Traile — his arrival at Barbadoes 296 

February 8. Mr. Penn's plan for a union of the Northern Coloides of America 296 

February 23. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — agents — New Jersey, &c 297 

March 21. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bollomojit — privateers and pirates, <tc 299 

April 26. Letter of Mr. Randolph to the Loi ds of Trade — -tuti' of the Colonies, <ie., 3(J0 

May 8. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — his arrival at, New-York — state of the Proviuce — 

Colonel Fletcher, &c 302 

May 8. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Colonel Fletcher's conduct respecling pirate?, lic.,. . 306 

May 16. Extract of a letter from Mr. Randolph lo the Lords of Trade — French encroaclmiejits. <S:e 3U 

May 18. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of the Adniiraltj- — pirates, &c., 311 

May 25. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — I'erlh Amboy — naval stores — Indian war — Fleicher's 

maladministration, d:c., 313 

May 25. Letter of Lord Bellomont to Secretary Popple — his instructions inconsistent, <tc., 316 

May 25. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of the Treasury — customs at New- York — corruption, ifec 317 

May 27. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Commissioners of Customs — New-York revenues, 319 

June 22. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Fletchers conduct — affairs of the Province — 

Mr. Weaver appointed agent, <fcc 820 

June 27. Letter of Lord Bellomont to Secretary Popple — Mr. Weaver recommended — affairs of the Province, 

and temper of the people, &v., 326 

May 17. Lord Bellomoni's instructions to Colonel Rouier, and his letters to Lord B. about the forts at 

Albany and Schenectady, &e., 328 

Jane 6. Memorial of Jan Jansen Bleecker and Byer Schermerlioorn, in behalf of the freeholders of Albany, to 

Lord Bellomont, against Fletcher's grant of the Mohawks' land to Schuyler and other-s 330 

June 28. Report of Lord Bellomont to the 1 oids of Trade on Mr. Livingston's case 331 

July 1. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — the Jerseys — affairs of New-York, <tc 332 

April 6. Letter of Messrs. Schuyler an. I Dellius to Lord Bellomont 3:i6 

April 19. Comparative population of Albany, and of the Five Nations of Indians, in 1689 and 1697, 337 

April 21. Memorandum of Col. Fletcher's not writing to the Governor of Canada about the peace, 338 

April 22. Letter of Lord Bellomont to Count de Frontenac, Governor of Canada, 838 

Vol. IV. B 


1698. Page. 

April 22. Letter of Loi-J Bellomont to M. de Calliere, Governor of Montreal 339 

April 22. Lord Bellomont's instructions to Messrs. Schuyler and Dellius, for their negotiations with Count 

de Frontenac 340 

May 16. Letter-of Mr. Wessels to Lord Bellomont, with Indian propositions, &q 341 

June 8. Letter of Count de Frontenac to Lord Bellomont, 343 

June 1*7. Letter of M. de Calliere to Lord Bellomont, 344 

M.iy 31. Depositions of Henry and Joseph, two Mohawk Indians, respecting the fraudulent purchase of their 

laud, : S45 

July 2. Report of Messrs. Schuyler and Dellius to Lord Bellomont, of their negotiations in Canadi), 347 

July 6. Deposition of William Teller as to the British right of sovereignty over the Five Nations 352 

July 6. Memorial of Col. N. Bayard to Lord Bellomont relative to the Britisli right of sovereignty over the 

Five Nations 353 

July 1. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of the Treasu»y — revenue of New-York, 354 

July 6. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of the Admiralty— pirates, , 358 

July 26. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the Lords Justices — Captain Nanfan's commission, <fee 359 

August 2. Additional instructions to Lord Bellomont — Lieutenant-Governor of New-York, 361 

August 5. Letter of Coloncd Fletcher to Mr. Blathwayt — Lord Bellomont's inveteracy against him, &c., 361 

September 14. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Indian affairs — his proceedings, <fec., 362 

August 13. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Governor of Canada, 367 

August 22. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Governor of Canada 369 

August 22. Lord Bellomont's instructions to Captain Nanfan on Indian affairs 369 

August 22. Lord Bellomont's instructions to Major Wessels on Indian affairs, 370 

August 22. Lord Bellomont's instructions to Captain Johannes Schuyler, sent to Canada 371 

Sejjtember 12. Major Wessels' account of his negotiation with the Five Nations, 372 

September 19. Letter of Mr. James Graham to Mr. Blathwayt on New-York affairs 374 

September 21. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — account of affairs in New-York, 377 

June 30. Memorial of Mr. Graham, Attorney-General of New-York, to Lord Bellomont, with reasons why Amboy 

should not be a free port, 382 

September 27. Minute of the Lords of Trade upon Mr. Weaver's statements about pirates — elections in New-York — 

Colonel Fletcher, &c., 384 

October 19. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the Lords Justices, upon the general state of the Province of 

New-York 385 

October 21. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — detail of provincial affairs 397 

September 21. Letter of Count de Frontenac to Lord Bellomont, 402 

September. Narrative of Captain John Schuyler's journey to Canadii 404 

October 17. Narrative of Captain Nanfan's negotiations with the Five Nations, <fee 407 

October 24. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade— state of the frontiers and fortifications of New-York, 409 
October 25. Order in Council, .approving the representation of the Lords of Trade, of October 19th, about New- 
York, &Q., 411 

October 25. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — directions and instructions— pirates — trade, &c., 412 

October 25. Additional instructions to Lord Bellomont — Lieutenant-Governor's salary, &c 415 

October 27. Letter of Lord Bellomont to Secretary Popple — conduct of the people in New-York, <tc. 415 

November 7. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade— revenue of New- York since 1692 417 

Number of inhabitants in the counties in New- York in 1698 420 

Comparative population of Albany and of the Five Nations in 1689 and 1697 420 

November 8. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Colonel Fletcher's account of expenditures, Ac, 421 

November 10. Letter of direction from the Lords Justices to Lord Bellomont, 424 

November 12. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade— Colonel Fletcher's neglect of the frontiers— affairs of 

the Province, <fec., 425 

November 12. Mr. Graham's report to Lord Bellomont on the state of the frontiers, die 429 


August. Account of military stores at Schenectadv in 1696, &e., 431 


November 14. Letter of Lord Bellomont to Secretary Popple— temper of the people, &c 432 

November 28. Heads of complaint against Colonel Fletcher, in the government of New- York, delivered to him at the 

Board of Trade tliis day 433 

December 8. L«tt«r of the Lords of Trade to Mr. S«cretary 'Vernoii— affair* in New-York respecting the French, Ac., 436 


1698. Paoe. 

December 10. Letter of Mr. 'Weaver to Secretary Popple about tlie pay of the forces in New-York, Ac 437 

December 14. Letter of Lord Belloinont to the LorJs of Trade — has no letters from the Government — slate of the 

Province, <fec 438 

August 26. Report of Colonel Romcr to Lord Belloniont on the frontiei 9 of New- York 440 

December 15. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lonls of Trade — administration of justice — lawyers in New- York 

almost all of a scandalous character, itc, 441 

December 21. Colonel Fletcher'a answers to the heads of complaint against him, 443 

December 29. Mr. Weaver's memorial to the Lords of Trade respecting the miserable state of the forces at New- 
York, <tc., 451 


January 5. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — observations and directions, 452 

January 9. Proofs of the heads of complaint against Colonel Fletcher, with a reply to his answer, by Mr. "Weaver, 

Agent for the Province of New-York, 456 

January 20. Proceedings of the Lords of Trade upon the hearing of Colonel Fletcher's case 466 

January 24. Further proceedings of the Lords of Tiade upon the hearing of Colonel Fletcher's case, 471 

February 2. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — favor lie shows towards Leisler's party — no act to be 

passed by him relating to those troubles, <fcc 474 

Febniary 17. Letter of tl»e Lords of Tr.ide to Secretary Vernon relative to the French rights of trade and fishery, &e., 

in America, and the British r'ght of sovereignt}' over the Indians, <fee., / 475 

March 9. Representation of the Board of Trade to the King upon the hearing of the complaints against Colonel 

Fletcher ." 479 

April 13. Letter of Lord Bellomout to the Lords of Trade — Indian affairs, &c., 487 


December 26. Message from the Commissioners of Indian aftairs, at Albany, to the Five Nations, 491 


February 3. Propositions of the Onondagas and Oneidas at Albany 492 

February 4. Instructions of the magistrates, iStc., at Albany to Messrs. Schuyler, Hanse and Wessels, about to visit 

Onondaga, 495 

March 21. Message from the Indians at Onondaga, about Canada affairs 497 

April 7. Instructions of the Council and Assembly of New-York to Captain John Schuyler and Captain John 

Bleecker, sent to Onondaga, <tc 498 

April 12. Memorial of Robert Livingston to Lord Bellomont, about the Trade of Albany, 600 

April 17. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade, on the subject of naval stores produced in the 

Colonies, lie., 601 

April 27. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — political affairs in New-York, 607 

Maj' 3. Letlerof Lord Bellomont to Ihe Lords of Trade — pirates — fortifications — militia, ifcc 612 

May 13. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — courts of justice in New-York 615 

May 15. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the fords of Trade — general affairs of the Province — answers to the Board's 

letters, 618 

May 22. Letter of the churchwardens, itc, of Trinity Church, New-York, to Archbishop Tenison, 626 

May 29. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — his arrival at Boston — affairs in Ncw-Yoi k, 628 

June 26. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomout — patent places — ships of war — pirates, 530 

July 22. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — French and Indian affairs — pirates — Rev. Mr. Dellius — 

Colouel Fletcher, &e 631 


October 27. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of the Treasury, 637 

November 14. Letter of Lord Bellomout to the Lords of the Treasury 638 


June 10. Examination of Hendrick, the Mohawk, at Albany, respecting Rev. Mr. Dellius, 539 

August 10. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the Lords Justices, about illegal trade in New- York — pirates, <fcc., 542 

August 21. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — general inttruclions for his several governments, 544 

August 24. Letter of Lord Bellomout to the Lords of Trade — detail of affairs in New-York, Ac, 649 

May 15. Instructions to Captain Nanfan, during Lord Bellomont's absence from New-York 657 

April 21. Journal kept by Johannes Glen and Nicholas Bleecker at Onnondaga, ooS 

May 7. Journal of Arnout Cornelisse Tide's journey to Onond.iga, 560 

May 14. Letter of Johannes Schuyler and Johannes Bleecker to Lord Bellomont, 562 

May. Johannes Schuyler and Johannes Bleecker's report of their conferences at Onondaga, 562 


] 699. Page. 

May 9. Answer of tie Five Nations to Ciptain John Schuyler and Cajitnin Jolin Bleeeker 5i>4 

May 19. Instructions to Hendriek Ilanse and liyer Seheim-rliorn, in tlicir journey to the Mohawk Indians 565 

June 16. Minutes of the proceedings of the Commissioners, tfcc, -witli ihe Indians, at Albany, 12lh-16th June,. . . 667 

June 19. Information furnished by Jean Rosie, lately come from Canada 574 

June 30. Lettsr of Colonel Suhnyler to the Lieutenant-Governor, with proposals, Ac, of the SchaaUhook Indians, 575 

July 8. Letter of Lieutenant-GoTernor JTanfan to Colonel Schuyler, in reply, 677 

July 3. Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Xanfan to the Governor of Can.ada, 577 

June. Instructions to the sent to Canada about a release of prisoners, &c., 578 

July 12. Information given to the Onondagas by aFren.h Indian latelj' from Canada, 579 

August 6. Letter of M. de Callifere to Lieutenant-Governor Nanfan, 580 

September 1 1. Lelter of Lord Bellomont to the Bishop of London — Messrs. Vesey, Dellius, &c 580 

September 12. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the Lords Justices respecting ease of Captain Kidd, &e., 683 

September 15. Letter of Lord Bellomont to Secretary Popple — Mr. Champante appointed Agent for the Province of 

Xew-York 586 

September 18. Commission to John Champante, Esq , to be Agent of the Province of Xew-York 587 

October 20. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — naval stores — grants of laud — -pirates — Indian and 

Canadian affairs — Scotch settlement at Darien, <fco., 587 

September 22. Letter of Messrs. Schuyler and Livingston to Lord Bellomont, 596 

September 21. Message from the Onond.igas to the Commissioners of Indian affairs 697 

December 14. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King respecting the administration of justice in New- 
York, &c 698 


January 5. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — revenue of New-York, &c. 599 

January 5. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Commissioners of the Customs, 602 

February 10. Letter of the King to Lord Bellomont about sending pirates to England for trial, Ac, 603 

February 14. Petition of London merchants, trading to New-York, to the Ilouse of Commons 604 

February 23. Petition of Messrs. Basse and Lofting to the House of Commons about Lord Bellomont's seizing their 

ship at Perth Amboy, 605 

February 28. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — threatened rebellion of the Indians — measures 

proposed — state of the Province. <tc., 606 

January 29. Letter of Governor Winthrop, of Connecticut, to Lord Bellomont, 612 

January. Four papers relating to a rumored combination of tlie Indians against the English, 613 

February 5. Letter of Colonel John Pynchon to Lord Bellomont on the same subject, 616 

February 20. Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Partridge, of New Hampshire, to Lord Bellomont 617 

February 19. Information furnished by John Waldron respecting the Indian plot, 618 

February 1. Letter of Colonel P. Schuyler to Lord Bellomont, 618 

February 20. Liformation of Mr. John Sabin respecting the Indian plot, 619 

March 11. Heads of accusation against Lord Bellomont, signed by John Key 620 

March 11. Petition of the merchants of New-York to the King, to have the government of New-York 

disconnected from that of other Provinces 624 

March 13. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King upon the boundary between New-York and 

Connecticut, <fcc , 625 

March 14. Order in Council, approving the foregoing representation, ifec 626 

March 29. Letter from tlie King to Lord Bellomont, approving tlie agreement of 1683 respecting the Connecticut 

boundary, 627 

March 28. Order in Council, contirming the agreement and survey of Ihe boundary line between New-York and 

Connecticut, made in 1683 628 

April 11. Letter of Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — French and Indians— trade— forts — ships of war, &c., 630 
April 20. Letter from Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Assembly of Massaehusetls — French and Indian 

affairs — intrigues, <ic 635 

April 24. Representation of tlie Lords of Trade to the King upon Lord Bellomont's letter of 28th February, 639 

May 4. Report of the Board of Ordnance to the Earl of Romney upon a fort proposed to be built in the 

Onondaga country C41 

May 10. Letter from the Lords of Trade to Lord Belli>mont— forces to be sent to New-York 642 

M.iy 25. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — naval stores — Indian affairs — French intrigues — 

provinci:il matt'rs, &i:, : 643 

May 3. Letter of Robert Livingston to Lord Bellomont, 647 


1700. Page. 

A|'ril. OlisCTvalions mmle by Robert Livingston, Secretary for the InJinn affairs, in his voyage to Onondaga, 648 

ll:iy 3 I.olter of Xlcssrs. Scliuylcr, I,ivin'.;slon ami Iliin'^cn to Lord B.-ll<)niont, 653 

May IL Letter of Messrs. S<liiiy!er, Livingston and Ilnnsen lo Lord ISelloniont, 653 

M:iy 2. Xigotialiiin of .Messrs. Scliuyler, Livingston and Hansen witli the Mohawks, Oneidas an 1 Onond:igii?, . . 654 

Way 9. Information of .Vliraham and David Scliuyler, and Uobert Livingston, Junior, Litely returned from Canada, 662 

Mareh 25. E.\tract of a lelti-r from Lieutenant-Governor Xanfnn to Lord Bellomont, 663 

May 28. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Commissioners of the Customs, 663 

May 28. Letti.T of Lord Bellomont to tlie Lords of the Admiralty, 664 

May 3L Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of the Treasury, 665 

June 21. Letter from ihe Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — fort at Onondaga, i4e., 066 

June 22. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — naval stores — land claims — frontiers — state of the 

Provinces. «tc., 668 

February 14. Colonel Ilamiliou's seheme fur the maintenance of soldiers in the Plantations, <tc. 679 


October 12. Colonel Komer's report to Lord Bellomont upon the state, &c., of the northern frontier, 081 

June 25. Memorial of Messrs. AtwooJ and Broughton, Chief Justice and Attorney-General of New- York, to the 

Lords of Tiade 683 

July 9. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Indian alTiiirs — Jesuits' intrigues, Ac 084 

June 24. Extract of a letter from the Lieutennnt-Governor of New-Vork to Lord Bellomont, 086 

July 31. Letter of Lord Bellomont lo the Lords of Trade — Five Nations — military affairs, ic 686 

July 5. Letter of the Commissioners for Indian affairs at Albany to the Council of New-York 090 

June 16. Memorandum of the Indians' notification to the Commissioners at Albany, 691 

June 28. Tropositions of the Canada praying Indians to the Commissioners at Albany, and their answer, 692 

June 30. Propositions of the Five Nations to the Commissioners for Indian aff.iirs 693 

July 3. Propositions of the Governor of Canada to some of the Five Nations — communicated to the Commis- 
sioners for Indian affairs at Albany, 095 

July 26. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of the Admiralty 097 

July 29. Letter of Lord Bellomont to Secretary Vernon — military affairs— petition of the inhabitants against 

him, Ac 097 

September 19. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — New-York acts — grants of land — Indian affairs, 

j^irates, <fcc 098 

October 4. Represenlation of the Lords of Trade to the Lords Justices in relation to the securing the Northern 

Plantations, Ae., 700 

October. Letter of tlie Lords of Trade to Secretary Vernon — French intrigues with tlie Indians 709 

October 15. Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of the Admiralty, 710 

October 17. Letter of Lord Bellomont to Ihe Lords of Trade — Assembly of New-York — parties — Indian affairs — 

French — naval stores — Mr. Penn — Captain Kidd, Ac. 712 

September 4. Conference between Lord Bellomont and the Five Nations, at Albany, from 26th August to 4th 

September, 1700 '>-^ 

August 17. Memorial of Alderman David Schuyler to Lord Bellomont respecting the numbers of Caghnawaga 

Indians in Canada, '^^ 

September 2. Memorial of Samuel York to Lord Bellomont about the Western Indians and the French in Canada 748 

September 3. Instructions of Lord Bellomont to Colonel Romer, sent to the Five Nations, ToO 

September ,•!. E),lriict of Lord Bellomont's instructions to the Commissioners for Indian affairs, 751 

August 2t. Ad Iress of the prineip:i! inhabitants of .\lbany to Lord Bellomont 752 

31ay 13. A list of the names of such as receive salaiy for preaching to the Indians, 755 

June 24. Account of the revenue of New-York from 8th June, 1698, to 24th June, 1700, 756 

October. Mr. Pcnn's suggestions respecting the Plantations, 757 

October 7. Propositions and submission of the Onnagongues to the Moh.-iwks 758 

October 18. Letter of Lord Bellomont to Secretary Vernon — Captain Kidd, 759 


October 10. Articles of agreement between Lord Bellomont and Robert Livingston and Capt, Wm. Kidd, 702 

October 10. Bond of Robert Livingston to Lord Bellomont, 765 


October 19. Exlr.act of a letter from Loid Bellomont to Secretary Popple — clergy 706 

October 13. E.xtract of a letter from Quebec — French treaty with the Iroquois, 767 





Octuber 30. 

Norember 1. 
KoTember 23. 
November 23. 
November 23. 
November 28. 

October 26. 
October 5. 
October IS. 

November 29 

Miiy 4. 

November 29. 
December 6. 

December 19. 
December 20. 

January 2. 

November 26. 

January 2. 

February 11. 

February 21. 
March 8. 
















Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Indian and French aftairs, &e 768 

Letter of the Lords of Trade to the Archbishop of Canterbury — missionaries to the Indians, 769 

Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Irish recruits in New-York 770 

Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — Massachusetts — Indian affairs — Mr. Livingston — 

forces — naval stores. &c 771 

Letter of the Bishop of London to the Lords of Trade — conversion of the Indians, Ac, 774 

Letter of Lord liellomont to the Lords of the Treasury— trade of the Provinces 775 

Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Commissioners of the Customs 778 

Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of the Admiralty, 779 

Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — mutiny — court-martial — acts of Assembly — Indian 

affairs — frontiers — grants of land — naval stores — trade, <tc., 781 

Memorial of two French Bushrangers to Lord Bellomont 797 

Journal of Colonel Romer's proceedings at Onondaga^ 798 

Report of Messrs. Hansen and Van Brugh's visit to Onondaga, 802 

Nnmber of the militia of the Province of New-Yorlc, 807 

Names of the officers of the militia of the Province of New- York 808 

Extract of a letter from Lord Bellomont to Secretary Popple — Mr. Graham's conduct, i-c 811 

Notes of what p.issed between Mr. Graham and Lord Bellomont about the bill for breaking some of 

Governor Fletcher's Extravagant grants of land, 813 

Extract of a letter from Lord Bellomont to Secretary Popple — accounts 814 

Letter of Lord Bellomont to Secretary Vernon — Captain Kidd — military officers — agents in London — 

parties in New-York — Bishop of London — Gillam the pirate, &c., 815 

Letter of the Lords of Trade to Secretary Vernon — forts at Albany, <Ste., 818 

Letter from the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — forts at Albany, Schenectady, Onondaga — 

contributions of the neighboring Provinces, <fec., 819 

Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Assembly of New- York — grants of land — ship 

timber — New-York harbor, itc 820 

Letter of Mr. William Smith to Lord Bellomont about New-York courts of law, <fce 828 

Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of (he Treasury 829 

Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King respecting the forts, Ac, in the American Plantations, 830 

Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Indian news — Court of Chancer3', &c., 833 

Letter of Rev. B. Freerman, missionary to the Mohawks, to Lord Bellomont 835 

Letter of Captain John Schuyler to Lord Bellomont, 835 

Report of Colonel Romer to Lord Bellomont on the state of the liarbor of New-York 836 

Letter of the King to Lord Bellomont respecting forts, <feo., in New-York 838 

Letter of the King to Lord Bellomont to send accessories, in cases of ]iiraey, to England for trial, .... 839 
Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — parties in New-York — soldiers — Five Nations of 

Indians — forts, etc., 840 

Letter of Lord Bellomont to the Lords of Trade — Colonel Cortland's case — revenue, &e., 845 

Letter of Colonel N. Bayard to Sir Philip Meadows — death of Lord Bellomont — state of parties, <fec., 

in the Province, 848 

List of the Council of New-York, and names of the principal freeholders fit to supply vacancies in 

that body, 849 

Letter of four of the Council of New- York to the Lords of Trade — state of the Province, <tc. 850 

Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — Messrs. Atwood and Broughton on tlicir way to 

New-York 852 

Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Bellomont — answers to points in his letters 852 

Letter of three of the Council of New-York to the Lords of Trade — troubles in the Council — absence 

of the Lieutenant-Governor — state of the Province, lic, 857 

Letter of the Lords of Trade to John Nanfan, Esq., Lieutenant-Governor of New-York, 864 

Letter of three of the Council of New- York to the Lords of Trade — troubles in the Council, &c 865 

Letter of Mr. 'William Smith, President of the Conncil of New-York, to the Lords of Ti'ade — state of 

the Province — presidency of the Council 867 
































September 2. 

September S. 

September 24. 



September 22. 











December 21. 

December 29. 

December 29. 

December 30. 

































Letter of Robert Livingston to the Lords of Trade — observations upon the best means of securing the 

the Plantations, &c. • 870 

Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Nanfan to the Lords of Trade — his arrival at New- York, <tc 879 

Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Xarifan to the Lords of Trade — state of the Province, &c 880 

Letter of Secretary Hedges to the Lords of Trade — Lord Viscount Corubury to be Governor «f 

New-Yo! k, &c. 883 

Letter of Robert Livingston to the Lords of Trade — vindication of his character from Lord Bellomont'a 

aspersions, ifee 883 

Representation of tlie Lords of Trade to tlie King, upon Lord Cornbury's commission 884 

Letter of Mr. Atwood, Chief Justice of Kew-York, to the Lords of Trade — judiciary of Jfcw-York, Ac, 883 

Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lieutenant-Governor Xanfan — Lord Cornbury's appointment, <tc 887 

Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Nanfiin to the Lords of Trade — Indian affairs — forts, <te 887 

Journal of Captain Johannes Bleecker and Mr. David Schuyler's vo3-age to Onondiiga, 889 

Conference between Lieutenant-Governor Xanfan and the Five Xations at Albnny 896 

Conveyance to his Majesty, by the Five Xations of Indians, of their Beaver hunting ground 909 

Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Xanfan to the Lords of Trade, in Mr. Livingston's favor 911 

Letter of Robert Livingston to the Lords of Trade — hardships of his case, &c 912 

Memorial of Lord Cornbmy to the Lords of Trade respecting his military command, <tc 912 

Letter of Attorney-General Broughton to the Lords of Trade — parties in New-York, <fee 913 

Letter of Lieutenant-Governor X'anfan to the Lords of Trade — his success with the Indians — forts, Ac, 915 

Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Xanfan to the Lords of Trade — temper of the Indians, 916 

Report of Captain John Bleecker and Mr. David Schuyler's journey to the Onondagas, in August and 

September, 917 

Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Xanfan to the Lords of Trade — Virginia — Pennsylvania, Ac 921 

Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Xicholson to Captain Xanfan, 921 

Extract of a letter from Mr. Penn, 922 

Letter of Chief Justice Atwood to the Lords of Trade — judicial all'iiirs in Xew-York, Ac 923 

Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Coinbury respecting crimes alleged against Mr. Honan, his 

secretary 925 

Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade stating he has dismissed Honan, Ac, 926 

Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Xanfan to the Lords of Trade — parties in Xew-York — Indian affairs — 

Mr. Basket's case, Ac, 927 

Letter of Chief Justice Atwood to the Lords of Trade — opposition he meets with, Ac 929 

The humble petition and address to the King of his Majesty's Protestant subjects in the Province of 

Xew-York 933 

Letter of the Lieutenant-Governor and Council of Xew-York to the Lords of Tr.ide — sedition and 

conspiracy in X^ew-York — Colonel B.ayard, Ac, 942 

Letter of the Lieutenant-Governor and Council of Xew-York to the Lords of Trade — Colonel Bayard's 

conspiracy 943 

Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Xanfan to the Lords of Trade — Mr. Weaver's case — the Attorncy-Geneial 

lias not discharged his duty, Ac, 944 

Letter of Mr. Samuel Bayard to Mr. Adderley and Colonel LoJwiek — his father's case, 944 

Letter of Colonel Bayard to Messrs. Adderley and Lodwick — his prosecution, Ac, 946 

Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury to proclaim Queen Anne, Ac, 948 

Memorial of Messrs. Adderley and Lodwick to the Lords of Trade on behalf of Colonel X'. Baj'ard and 

others, , 949 

Letter of Colonel Bayard to the Lords of Trade — hardship of his case, Ac, 951 

Opinion of Sir Edward Xorthc}', Attorney-General, to the Lords of Trade upon the case of Ba3-ard, Ac, 954 

Letter of the Lords of Trade to the Earl of Manchester upon Bayard's case, Ac 954 

Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — his arrival at X'ew-York — state of affairs, Ac, 955 

Letter of Mr. Broughton to Secretary Pojiple, vindicating himself against complaints against him 955 

Abstract of letters from Xew-York relating to the proceedings of Chief Justice AtwooJ and the 

Assembly there, 956 

Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — disorders in the Province, Ac, 958 

Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — suspension of Messrs. Atwood, Weaver, Depeyster, 

Staats and Walters from the Council, 959 


1702. P-^e^- 

June 23. I,etter of Lord Coriibury to the LorJs of Tragic — the Queen proclaimed — loyalty of the people — the 

Jerseys, itc ■ 900 

July 2. Order in Council the appeal of Colonel Nicholas Bayard, 961 

July 14. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury — Uin'ard and Iluteliiiis — Mr. Broughton restored, tte., . 962 

July - 16. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury — bills drawn on the Treasury b^' Captain Kanfan,. . . . 963 

Aujjust 24. Order in Council relating to the defence of the American Colonies, Ac, 964 

September 3. Lettei' of tlie Lords of Trade to the Earl of Nottingham — objections against Messrs. Bass and Cox being 

appointed to the Council in New-York, C65 

September 24. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury — the Queen has appoiuted liim Governor of New Jersey 

upon its surrender by the Proprietors, Ac. 966 

Soptcinher24. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — military — forts — e.xpenditures, &c 967 

September 27. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — conduct of Mr. Atwood, <te. — the Dutch inhabitants 

loyally disposed — Bayard and Hutehins' case — their condemnation unjust, <tc. 971 

September 29. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — naval stores — capabilities of the Province, 975 

September 29. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade on Indian affairs, 977 

July 9. Conference between Lord Cornbury and the Indians at Albany, begun the 9th and ending 28th 

July, 1702 978 

September 29. Letler of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — acts of the Assembly 999 

September 29. Letler of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade about Admiralty Courts 1000 

October 1. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade about the ease of .the four Negroes at Albany convicted 

of killing an Indian 1001 

October 5. Letter of Captain Nanfan to tlie Lords of Trade — injustice of Lord Cornbury's conduct,. . . . .' 1001 

November 26. Commission of M.'ijor Richard Ingoldesby to be Lieutenant-Governor of New-York, 1002 

December. Li'tter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — details of provincial afl'airs 1003 

October 2. Address of the pirincijial inhabitauts of the Province of New- York to Lord Cornburj', in()5 

October 2. Address of the chiefest inhabitants of Ulster county to Lord Cornbury, 1009 

October 2. Lord Cornbury's reasons for suspending Mr. Atwood, 1010 

October 2. Lord Cornbury's reasons for suspending Mr. Weaver 1012 

October 2. Lord Cornbury's reasons for suspending Mr. Depeyster, 1014 

October 2. Lord Cornbury's reasons for suspending Mr. Walters, 1014 

October 2. Lord CornbiuT's reasons for suspending Mr. Staats, 1017 

December 12. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — fictions in New-York — Leisler's illegal Assembly — 

Colonel Bayard, &k 1017 

December 12. Letler of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — expenditures for forts, &c., in New-York, Iul9 

December 12. Letter of Attorney-General Broughton to the Lords of Trade — Lord Cornbury's coming a beuelit to 

r ew-York, <Src 1020 

December 21. Lett- r of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — New Jersey afl'airs 1U21 


Janutny 16. Mr. Atwood's answer to Lord Cornburj^'s reasons for suspending him 1022 

January 21. Ord.r in Council reversing the sentence and proceedings against Bayard and Hutehins 1023 

January 21. Onhr in Council removing Mtj^srs. Attwood and others from the Council, <tc 1024 

January 2fl. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury — removal of Atwood, <tc. — Mr. Ilonan, his secretary — 

directions to endeavor to extinguish strifes and animosities iu New-York, ite 1025 

January 26. Letler of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury — New-York acts disallowed 1026 

February 2. Petition of the Countess of Bellomont to (he Queen to have her accounts settled, &v. 1027 

Pebruiiry 4. Miinorial of Mr. Champante, in behalf of Captain Nanfan, to the Lords of Trade 1027 

February 12. Letler of Secretary Hedges to Lord Cornbury about Lady Bellomont's petition, <tc. 1028 

February 22. Leiler of tlie Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury, about Lady Bellomont's accounts — not to countenance 

any acts of retaliation, but to endeavor by all fair means to quiet the minds of the people, 1029 

February 25. Letter of the Lords of Trade to the Earl of Nottingham about Sir J. Jeft'reys' proposal to establish a line 

of packets to New-York, 1030 

March 4. L^ Iter of the Lords of Trade to the Earl of Nottingham about Sir J. Jeffreys' second proposal, &c. 1031 

March 8. Northey's opinion against actions lying, brought by Bayard and Hutehins against 

their Judges and Grand Jury, 1032 

March 12. Mr. Attorney-General Northey's opinion respecting private actions against Governors of the Plantations, 

•when discontinued, <fec., 1033 


i7oa Pag^ 

March 23. Memorial of Mr. Chani]iante to tlic LorJs of Trade, in roi)ly to Lord Cornbury'e letter of 12th Decem- 
ber, 1702, 1033 

April 2. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the Queen upon the state of the Province of New- York 1035 

Ajiril 7. Letter of the Lords of Tiade to Loi'd Cornbury upon various heads, ....". 1038 

April 19. Report of Messrs. Tlirnle and Moreer to (he Lords of Trade on Lady Bellomont's aeeounts, 1039 

April 20. Letter of the Queen to Lord Cornbury, not to aceojit presents from (he Assembly, <fee 1040 

April 29. Letter of tlie Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury — quotiis for the assistance of New-York, <tc., 1041 

May 21. Petition for the Countess of Bellomont to the Lords of Trade for further time, itc., 1042 

May 27. Letter of Captain Nanfan to the Lords of Trade about the hardship of his ease, 1043 

May 29. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — state of affairs in the Plantations, 1044 

June 16. Letter of Colonel Roliert Quary to the Lords of Trade about the state of the several Provinces and 

Plant.ations 1045 

June 30. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade about the state of the Province of New- York 1057 

June 30. Letter of Lord Cornbury to tlie Lords of Trade — conduct of the neighboring Provinces as to quotas, 

Ac. — orticers of the Queen's ships — their behavior outrht to be regulated, A'c 1060 

July 9. Letter of Robert Liviugstoa to tlie Lords of Trade — taken by a French privateer off Lundy's Island, 

and lost his books, &c. — promises an account of New-York on his arrival at London 1063 

July 12. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — acts of the Assembly, &c., 1064 

July 29. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Corubury — quotas — New- York acts — his conduct in destroying 

acts disallowed by her Majc-ty, disapproved — Captain Nanfan's and Lady Bellomont's eases, itc.,.. 1066 

August 5. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — Mr. By crly's arrival, Ac., 1066 

August 10. Memorial of Jlr. Livingston to the Lords of Trade about the Indians in New-York, itc. 1067 

September 9. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — he has published his new commission — French and 

Indian affairs — judiciary — " Black Party" in New-York will never be reeoncilod to an English 

Government, or Governor, <tc 1069 

October 7. Letter from Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — Lady Bellomont — Indian affairs, <te. 1072 

October 11. Letterof Captain Xanfaii to the Lords of Trade, pr.aying for redress, etc., 1073 

December 18. Robert Livingston's memorial to the Lords of Trade respecting missionaries to the Indians, 1074 

December 18. Letter of Lord ("<iriil(ury to llio Lords of Trade — jiroceedings in New Jersey, A'c, 1075 


January 20. Memorial of Mr. Champautc to the Lords of Trade upon the case of Cnpt Nanfan, 1076 

February 1. Letter of Mr. John Chamberlayue, Secretary of the Society for Promoting the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 

<te., to the Lords of Trade, about missionaries to the Indians, lo77 

February 3. Letter of Secretary Popple to Mr. Chaniberlayne about missionaries, ite., 1078 

March 16. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury upon various points of administration, 1079 

March 21. Petition of the Countess of Bellomont to the Lords of Trade for an extension of time, ifcc 1081 

May 23. letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury— New- York acts— stores of war, Ac, 1081 

May 30. Letterof Colonel Quary to the Lords of Trade, with an account of affairs in Scw-Vork and tlic other . 

Plantations 1"82 

June 14. Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Ingoldesby to the Earl of Nottingham— his arrival at New-York, and 

publication of his coniniis.-iion, itc 1089 

June 17. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade about Lady Bellomont's accounts, «tc Io90 

June . 22. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Earl of Nottingham— ships of war— deserters — evils resulting to 

New-York therefrom — Freueji and Indian affairs, Ac 1099 

June 22. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade about Captain Naufan's account* lloo 

June 24. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade about his progress in Lady Bellomont's accounts, 1103 

June 24. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade about the Eagle galley 1 '05 

June 27. Letter to Mr. Brought(ui, Attorney-General of New- York, to the Lords of Trade— juJiciary—state of 

parties in New-York, <tc ' 1"* 

June 30. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — observations upon New-York acts, <te 1111 

June 30. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — causes of irregularity in (he receipt and dispatch of 

letters — New-York affairs, <te., 1^'^ 

July 4. I-elter of Judge Mompesson to the Earl of Nottingham about Admiralty courts in New-York, itc 1115 

August 24. Letterof the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury— Lord High Admiral's share of prizes— acts of trade 

and luu'igniion, itc IK/ 

Vol.. 1\'. c 



1704. Page. 
August .31. Attorney-General Northey's report to tlie Lords of Trade upon the Kew-York act declaring the 

illegality of the proceedings against Bayard, 4c., 1118 

November 2. Extract of a letter of Captain Wenhani to Mr. Blathwayt — foreign coin in the l'Iant.ations 1119 

November 6. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — lie has appointed Mr. Jlompessou Chief Justice, 1119 

November 6. -Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — details of affairs, 1120 

Ueeendier 15. Representation of the Lords of Trade to the Queen upon the New-York act declaring the illegality of 

the proceedings against Bayard, <tc., 1123 

January 3. Petition of Robert Livingston to the Lords of Trade relative to his suspension from the otHee of Seeretary 

for Indian affairs, <fee., 1 124 


August 11. Attornej'-General Northey's report to Lord Godolphin, Lord High Treasurer, upon Mr. Livingston's Case, 1125 

January 10. Report of the Lords of Trade on Mr. Livingston's petition 1126 

January 11. Order of the Queen in Council restoring Mr. Livingston to his office, 1127 

February 9. Memorial of Mr. Charles Congreve to the Lords of Trade upon the condition of the forts, Ac, in 

New-York 1128 

February 15. Petition of Captain Nanfan to the Lords of Trade for relief, etc. 1130 

February 19. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — bad results from the proclamation for settling the rates 

of foreign coin, (fee., 1131 

February. Petition of merchants, &c., in New-York to Lord Cornbury' — foreign coin, <fec 1133 

February 19. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — has taken measures to prevent intelligence relating to 

the Province being published, <fec., 1136 

Febiuary 25. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — Council of the Province, Ac, 1136 

March 1. Warrant of Lord Cornbury, appointing William Sloper his agent at London 1137 

March 2fi. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury — militia — Assembly — Indian affairs, <tc 1138 

April 18. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury, with charges against Connecticut and Rhode Island,. . 1141 

May 3. Warrant to Lord Cornbury to use a new seal for the Province of New-York, 1141 

June 29. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade in favor of the salary due Dr. Bridges, the late Chief 

Justice, being paid his widow, 1 142 

June 13. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — has suspended Mr. Byerly, the Collector, <fec., 1142 

July 8. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — alfairs in New-York and New Jersey, 1145 

July 15. Letter of Lord Cornbury to Secretary Hedges — account of the Provinces of New-York and New 

Jersey, since his arrival, with resume of their previous history, 1150 

July IS. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury — proclamation about foreign coin, Ac, 1156 

July 28. Letter of Secretary Popple to Lord Cornbury — thanksgiving for a victory over the French 1157 

September 29. Warrant of her Majesty restoring Mr. Livingston to his oiBees, Ac, 1158 

November 9. Letter of Mr. Caleb Heathcote to the Lord High Treasurer about naval s"tores 1158 

November 10. Letter of Liculonant-novernor Ingoldesby to the Lords of Trade — Lord Cornbury's strange treatment, 

Ac, 1162 


November 2. Letter from Rev. B. Frcermau to the Commissioners for Indian affairs — Indian news, 1163 

November 12. Letter of Lieutenant-Governor Ingoldesby to Lord Cornbury, inclosing the foregoing, 1164 

November 15. Letter of Lord Cornbury to Lieutenant-Governor Ingoldesby, in reply 1164 


November 20. Li tter of Lord Cornbiirv to the Lords of Trade— details of provincial affairs, Ac ' 1165 

November 22. Letter of Lord Cornbury to Secretaiy Hedges — naval stores — Assembly of New-York, Ac 1168 

February 4. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury^conduet of the New-York Assemblj' — ships of war on 

the coasts of New- York, Ac, 1171 

February 22. Letter of Seeretary Po|iple to Mr. Lowndes about Mr. Ileatheotc's memorial : 1173 

April 11, Order in Council revoking Col. Ingoldesby's commission as Lieutenant-Governor of New-York, and 

diri cting that he be sworn, forthwith, of the Council of New Jersey, 1174 

M.iy 1. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornbury — Mr. Byerlj- — Col. Ingoldesby, Ac ll'?5 

June 10. Order in Council for a commission of review in the case of the Mohegan Indians, 1176 

Petition of Mr. William Wharton, in behalf of Owar.eeo, Chief Saehein of the Mohegans, 1177 



1700. Tagb. 

June 26. Order iu Ckiancil ilmt Lord Cornbury ond the Council of NuwYork be the commission of review in the 

case of tboMohegans, 1178 

July 8. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Corubury about the case of the Mohegnn Indians, 1179 

July 17. Letter of the Lords of Trade to Lord Cornburi' about ordnance stores for the Province, 1179 

August 10. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — foreign coin — trade — Council, &c 1 180 

October 3. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — probates of wills — Frencli cruisers — impressment of 

men for the Queen's ships — Captain Miles' conduct, Ac, 1181 

October 14. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade relating to Messrs. McEemie and Hampton, two 

Presbyterian ministers, preaching in New-York without license, <tc 1186 

November 8. Letter of her Majesty to Lord Cornbury, directing him not to pas-s any acts of an extraordinary or 

unusual nature without the Queen's pleasure first received, 1188 

December 10. Letter of Mr. Burchett, Secretary of the Admiralty, to Secretary Popple, about Lord Combury's 

complaint against Captain Miles, 1188 

I>eccraber 10. Letter of Mr. Burchett to Captain Miles about his conduct at New-York 1189 

December 14. Letter of Lord Cornbury to the Lords of Trade — death of Captain Miles — conduct of Captain Fane — 

how the Governor is to act iu like cases, &c 1 189 



SoUcitor GeneraV-s Rqiort on the Charter of Coniiecticnt., and 07i the Grant of 

Neio Jersey. 

[New- York Enlries, III. 11.] 

May it please your Lordships 

In obedieuce to your Lordships Orders of the S"' Instant here unto annexed I have 
considered of the Cliarter granted to tlie Gov'' and Company of Connect icutt, and I have also 
considered of the Grants made to the Proprietors of East and West New Jersey in xVmeriea 
and I am humbly of Opinion that notwithstanding any thing in the said Charter or Grants, 
that there Majesties by virtue of their Prerogative and Soveraiuty over those Colonies, whicli 
is not granted from the Crown to the Gov'' and Company, nor to the proprietors by any of the 
Chart" may appoint Governors for those places with such Powers and authorities for the 
Government thereof, and for raising men and furnishing Provisions for the necessary defence 
of his Subjects and the neighbouring Colonies against their Enemies as their Majesties shall 
in their great wisdom judge reasonable 

And I conceive that the Proprietor of New York may assign his Propriety in New Jersey 

which is part of New York to others but cannot by any such Grant or Assignment absolutely 

sever New Jersey from New York but that still it remains a part thereof and dependent on the 

Gov''m' of N: York and lyable to contribute men and provisions for the supp' and protect" of 

N: York against any Enemys. 

Tho: Trevor 

13. Feb: 169t 

Vol. IV. 


Governor FMelter to Mr. BlatlivKiyf. 

[Ncw-Tork Entries, III. 21.] 

New York Feb'' 14"- 1G9| 

The papers I send witli this will take more time to peruse then 1 doubt you can sparse from 
Affairs of more weight and moment, they will shew you that I am placed by a very ill 
neighbour, who while I am labouring to compose and heal the wounds of this Province 
occasioned by the highest outrages which could be committed by men in the time that Leisler 
took upon him the Government, S"' W™ Phips as will appear by these attested copies of a 
letter from a pardoned Criminal quotes S' W" Phips for author, will shew you the Sentiments 
and Principalis of that Knight, he has seized upon Martins Vinyard which has ever been part 
of this Government it is neither named in that Charter nor his Commission, those people 
hold all their lands by the Seal of this Province and have contributed to Our Publick charge 
for the defence of Albany, yet I must not levy warr against him, though provoked by his 
unmannerly Letter to meet him there, which I would chearfully doe, but I hope to see him 
when without prejudice to their Majesties Interest assert our Resentment. 

I hope you will favour me so far as to lett me know if that place be under his Government. 
I find the Council here, men of the best parts Quality and Estates of any in the Province I 
cannot name six as may Instructions require to fill vacancys as they fall. It is utterly 
impossible for this poor decayed Province to defend themselves without help from our 
neighbours Our Furr Trade is quite lost, our charg very great the neighbouring Collonies 
acknowledge no Governm' from the Crown, but Harbour all our desserters, rob us of all 
Trade, by employing no duties, the Act for Navigation not observed or valued 

S"' I have E.xpress just now from Albany, which say the French and tlieir Indians are upon 
the march towards Schonadetudy, which calls me from this work, to attend that Service, it is a 
Curse on these occasions to attend wind and water, yet we cannot march by land, so that I 
must attend that uncertain motion which I shall endeavour in a few hours. I am 


Yours &■= 

Benjamin Fletcher. 

^ I » « > ■ I .».- 

Ooverruyr Fletcher to Mr. Dudley. 

[New-Tork Papers, III. E. 23.] 

N. Yorke Jann : 7"' 92. 


Some time since I returned my acknowledgm" for yours of Nov 11"' and tiie Bookes you 
were pleased to send mee I have perused 

I am now to tell you after greate paines to quallefie and allay the heates of these people, to 
which you are noe stranger, I had soe farr gain'd my point (by perswation with some, giveing 
equall justice to all, forbidding names of distiction and exhorting to unitie ) that all things 
appeared sereen and noe wave to ruffle, noe cloude to obscure our peace ; the face of love was 
not moore smooth. 


But on a siukliuo I heard from all parts of several! iiieetiiigs, violent expressions, with 
reflections on some of the Councell, demands of reperation for Lesliers bloud Sc' soe suddaine 
a storme surpriz'd mee, while I was considering and beating my thoughts about it, Providence 
directs the originall letter of which I send youe a Dutch and English coppy, into my hands. 
By which it appeares, if what is theer asserted bee trew, that your Govern'' is the incendiary 
or rather the bellows that blows up the dying embers of former discontents. 

How suttable this is to the trust Their Majesties repose in him, and howe much it conduces 
to theire Service will best appeare when the matter comes before them in Councell. It is 
utterly impossible for mee to heale and accommodate things according to Theire Majesties 
comands and my owne native temper, while that Knight gives countenance and encouragement 
to those actions, the punishm' of which theire Majesties in Councell have allowed as legall. I 
send you a coppy of what I though litt to say to that Gov'' and am 

Your most humble Servant 
(Endorsed) Ben: Fletcher. 

"7. Jany 9| 
" Coll. Fletchers letter 
" to M' Dudley." 

Governor FletcJier to Sir William P/iij)S. 

[ New-Tork Pnpers, Ul. E. 24. ] 

7. Jan 169§ 


I send you the coppy of a letter writt from Boston by one Abraham Governour. I have 
caused it to be translated and send you both the Dutch and English coppies. 

Possibly you may not know the person, but the ill consequence which this letter has produced, 
being sent from one hand to another of y* discontents in these parts of their IMajcsties 
dominions, and your name being used as a voucher to what he asserts I thought myself obliged 
to lett you know, if the things alledged be true, you have forgott your duty to their Majesties 
and your manners to Gentlemen. 

If you have not discoursd these things to that fugitive who has fled from this Province, after 
conviction and sentence passed on him [for] murder, and what he says be fictitious, invented by 
himselfe ; you will think fitt for your own vindication to secure his person and return him to 
this place, being that of his former residence and from whence he has fled with apparent 
designs of disturbing the peace of this government. 

I hope you will think itt reasonable to give me satisfaction in a matter of this moment, 

wherein the cheife concern is their Majesties service 

I am Sir 

Your Serv' 
a true coppy B. F. 

D. H. 

(Endorsed) Copy of y' Govern"' 

Coll : Fletcher to S"" W. Phipps. 


Ahraliam Governeur to Ms Parents. 

[New-Tork Papers, III. E. 25.] 

Boston 12. Octob: 1692 
Wortliy Father & Mother, greeting 

I hope that my two last letters came to your hands, and having now au opportunity I durst 
not omit letting you know how things are here, as also the sad mischance of little John and 
his Son ; they were afloat again from that place where they iirst drove on shoar, but were 
cast away on Nantucket Shoales and both drowned ; all my cloathes, linnen, silver pocket 
book, and bookes, all is lost, so that I have nothing but two Shirts and one cravat. Therefore 
I earnestly desire that you please as soon as possible to send me my gold ringes or the vallew 
in money, as also some shirtes, and presse M"' Beekman either to send mony to go over to 
.England, or some mony to remaiue here. I had no clothes but that old black coat, & waiting 
for little John, I had not yet bin with the Governour; but last week I sold my gold, the 
smallest of the hatbands, and have earned a little money here, so that I was advised to buy a 
suit, and I have bought me a new suit of very fine cloth, with appertainences ; it cost me 
about six hundred gilders. I would have made me a worse, but I must be every day in 
company with the great ones. I wait but for news from home and the mony of Beekman. I 
must then furnish my self with all things ; for it is here already very cold, it freezes almost 
every night. Yesterday I went to the Governour and presented him with what I had translated 
out of French (of which I would send a coppy but is yet forbidden.) It was done' by severall 
other hands, but mine was accepted, and he gave me thanks. It will be speedily in print and 
then I shall send it over. Then I made myself known to him who I was, and told him what 
had passed at York. When I began he left all the Gentlemen that were with him & went into 
a room with me and I told it him. He said, this old King James Councill that is at York 
spoiles all, and they must be out ; the Governour is a poor beggar and seekes nothing but 
money and not the good of the country ; but there is yet hopes, M"" Manley your lawier in 
England is chosen Parliament man and your cause will be inspected there to some purpose 
and I doubt not but ther vdll be sattisfaction for estates, and I hope (for it would be pitty it 
were not) for blood also ; for if what Gov"' Leisler and ye have don be ill, how comes their 
Majesties to sit upon the throne. We had some other discourse, and at last he said to me : 
You are heartily welcome, if you go to England I shall assist you, and if you will carry my 
letters to the King you will serve me. I answered yes, very willingly. He said to me again, 
if you go not, you are nevertheless welcome, and let me know it that I may take care for you ; 
and when you receive any letters from York, let me know it, and I desire to know wherein I 
can further your cause in England and it shall be don. I thanked him kindly, and would 
have desired of him letters of recommendacon, but he was hindred, and told me that within 
twelve dayes he would send for me to discourse with him two or three hours. I have bin 
with severall of the Councill and they all say the same. The Lord God move all our people 
to do their utmost. Not elce at present, but with hearty Salutacons to all our friends I 

Your duty full Son 

Abrah: Governeur. 

Let M" Leisler read this letter as also M" Beekman, 
greet them all together. I would have writ to them but 
must within half an hour go to severall of the Councill, 
and I knew it but an hour since. Keep all secret by all means. 

A. G. 


Receive 50 Gilders ol' Docf Staets according to tiie inclosed and send it me with the first. 
K a Sloop come send me a barrel of pickled oysters: send also 2 Stooves, let it not be omitted 

A. G. 

A true translation irom the Dutch Original 

M. Clarkson Secry. 

Abraham Gmei'newr to Governor Fletcher. 

[Ncw-Tork Papers, III. E. 40.] 

Boston 20"' Jan^ 169| 
May it please yo' Excellencye 

I am informed by JM"' Clarke's message fro your selie to his Exc^ll : Sir William I'hipps of 

your demands to have sent me to New Yorke a prisoner for the wi-iteing of a certaine letter 

y* contents whereof are construed by your selfe, as y^ words of His Excell: to me. I doe 

p''sume y* originall is not well examined, for if any such matter be written it is w'" I have 

been informed of by others & not relateing to his Excell : Yow are also pleased to term me 

a fugitive from y* hands of Justice, W^"^ by an order from your self and Councill dated y* first 

of Sept' last is contradicted, wherein you were pleased to insert that my selfe and others y= 

prisoners were sett at liberty by virtue of Her Majesties Order in Councill dated y'= 13"' ISIay 

last, directed to your selfe. Haveiug noe more at present I remain 

Yo"- Excell : humble Serv' 

Abrah Governeur. 
a true Copy p"" 

M. Clarkson Secry 

Sir William J'h/ps to Governor Fletchei'. 

[New-York Papers, III. E. 47.] 

Boston the 27"' Jan^ 169§- 

I have sent you severall letters since your arrivall at New York, and have been induced 

thereto because I did hope a good correspondence might have been maintained between us in 

thiugs that coucerne their Majestyes governm' and interest and the good of their subjects but 

your aversion to soe good a purpose does sufficiently appeare by your contriveing wayes to 

prevent such a correspondence. You want some person of understanding to read over that 

letter you sent me a copy of, distinctly, that you may see y^ coherence of one sentence T^-ith 

an other, and how to make true stops. The want of this hath occasioned your misapprehension 

of y"^ sence, whereby you make y' in y= discourse to I\r Govemier, w'='' he gives as his owne 


opinion and character of yow. Butt I neede be at noc paines to make yow rightly understand 
the sence, because noe part thereof coucernes mee, as appeares by W Governier's letter imto 
you herein inclosed. I see noe cause to deliver JSP Goveruier unto your Jayler for I have 
examined him concerning his being sett att liberty, and it appears by a certificate fro the Clark 
of your Councill by your order given that in pursuance of the Queen's comand you were obliged 
to lett him out of prison. 

Yowr absurd abusive letter plainly demonstrates that if (as j'ow say) I have forgott manners 
to Gentlemen I have forgott what you never had. I have observed my duty to their Majesties 
upon all occasions, and in particular by my letter to yow wherein I desired to know how farr yow 
can contribute to our assistance in the Spring if their Majesties are pleased to order a squadron 
of Frigatts for an attaque upon their enemyes att Canada ; but instead of an agreeable answer 
and vour concurrence in soe just and good a desigue w"^"" is soe much for their Majesties hono"" 
and the good of the English nation (w'^'' might have been expected from a person in your 
station) you send a herauld to give mee a challenge to meet yow in the spring at Marthas 
Vineyard, w'^'' by force yow intend to take y= governm* of, notwithstanding their Majestyes 
grant by their royall chartar, whereby the governm* thereof is annexed to the Pro\iuce of y^ 
Massachusetts Baye; and your jayler hath been as insolent in delivering this challenge from 
yow (w* he saith is by your positive order) as yow have been inconsiderate in directing him 
soe to doe. For that diflerence (if any) is not to be decided by yow alone. However if yow 
are soe resolved yow may expect me att Marthas Vineyard in the Spring to assert y" power 
wherewith their Majesties have invested me ; w"^ if yow think fitt to dispute, I shall take such 
measures to defend as yow may not like. I have noe more to add, but that I am sorry Their 
Majestyes affairs are like to sufter by y^ humours of some persons (yowr advisers) who without 
duely regarding their duty to Their Majestyes put yow upon useing Their Majestyes names 
as a colour for their private designes, a thing too mean for any who bears their Royall 
commission to hearken unto, and must be attributed to forgettfullness of y* duty and respect 
that their most Sacred Majestyes comand, w'^'' you have unjustly charged me w"" in your letter. 

Sir I am yours 

Will: Phips 
a true copy 

p'' M. Clarkson Secry: 

Major Ingoldeshy to Governor Fletcher. 

[ New-York Papers, III. E. CO.] 

May it please yo'' Excellency. 

I would have given yo'' Excell. an account by an express last Wednesday the 8"" instant of 
the approach of the five hundred and fifty of the enemy viz' 350 French and 200 of their Indians 
to the Maquas Castles which we had by a youth that was taken at Schenectady 3 yeares agoe 
and made his escape from them just as they were to fall upon the two first Maquaes castles an 
hour before day, but did expect they would have attacqued this place, soe that the businesse 
would have bin over before yo'' Excell. could have advertisement. They continue there still as 


our skouts give us daily intelligeuce. I fear they are about to compell our ludiaus to a peace 
or else are fallen upon the third Castle of the Maquaes because we can have no account from 
them in what condicon they are, notwithstanding we have skouts out thither. There are 40 
Maquaes (all we can hear of) gone out with tenn christians to watch the enemys motions and 
are inqjatient that a party of christians doe not joyue with them to engage the enemy, wliich I 
thought not adviseable soe long as they are soe advantagiously posted in such a Fort : but 
assoon as they remove from thence and we can have any Indians down, have thought fitt with 
advice of all the commicon olHcers (whom I called together to consult about the matter) to 
dispatch three hundred men out of the fusileers & inhabitants, to pursue them ; for which 
purpose have bread baked and provisions ready which I send to Schenectady to morrow. I 
immcdiatel)' upon the news, commanded all the farmers in, who readily obej'ed, & sent fifty 
men to Schenectady to reinforce that garrison, & upon a view of all the forces to day, doe 
finde in fort and towne, with Schenectady, about six himdred men. It seems the enemy 
dispair of going home by ice & therefore make noe great haste. I know not but yo"' Excell: 
may have an opportunity with the first sloops to send up some men, I wrote to Esopus to 
send us what men they could spare, and have an answer just now that Capt: Demyre comes 
with fifty men, whom I expect to-morrow. I sent the Mayor to Schenectady on Thursday 
last to send out skouts contimiallj^ and to pacify the Indians who are much concerned and 
think we slight them ; and indeed I dare not tell them the reason of not sending out men soe 
fast, because they were always made believe we were stronger than we are ; these frontiers 
being just mann'd for defending them and not to spare soe many as to goe out and engage 
such a body of men soe farre ofi". I can give yo'' Excell: noe further account at p''sent, only 
designe to keep them in alarm when they come out and gall them in their march, but not to 
engage them except upon advantage, since their design is doubtless desperate and not well 
furnished with provisions, except what they have found in the castles. I expect to have our 
post (which we sent to New Yorke) in, every day, thinking long to hear of your Excell & 
J^adyes welfare. I am 

Yo' Excell 
Albany 11 Feb: 1G9| Most obed' Servant 

10 oClock at night Rich: Lxgoldesby. 

I expect to hear from yo"" Excell: with all speed. 

Come to hand Feb" 14"' early in the morning. His Excell imbarqued 3 oclock aftemoone 
same day with 150 men 

A tnie copy 

M. Clarkson. 


Tlwnuis Clarke's Account of an interview toitli Sir William PMps. 

[ New-York Bundle, 8. P. 0. 1 

Jan. 1C)9| 
Being by liis Ex''>' Benj" Fletclier Govern, of New Yorke sentt as a messenger to S' W'" 
Phips Govenio'' of Province of IMassacliusetts Bay w"" lett" for His Maj'^' service 

Sett ont from New Yorke y^ 7 Janua : 1G9| and upon Monday y*^ 16"' ins' aboutt 4 of y'' clock 
in the afternoone I applyed my Selfe to y'= Hon'''^ Coll Joseph Dudley and Governo'' Usher att 
Boston att S"" Ushers house, where after I had presented lett" from his E.V Coll : Fletcher 
Governo^ directed to themselves they showed themselves extraordinary ready to serve his Ex'=>' 
Coll : Fletcher and while together S"' W" Phips ( baveing ben gon to Roade Island ) came to 
tow^l, there Hono" sentt a person to S"' W" Phips to acquaintt him there was an express come 
from bis Ex^^^ y"= Govern"" of New Yorke, who was recommended to them to introduce biin into 
liis presence, desiring to know whether they might waitt on him this evening or when, he 
returned an answer to morrow morning att 9 of y^ clock. Att w"^"* time I waited upon him 
w"" bis Hono"' Jno : Usher, and soone after our being admitted Coll : Dudley came to town, 
though very stormy. His Hono' J. U. acquainted His Ex''^ y" be was desired by Coll Fletcher 
to introduce me into his presence. I then acquainted His Ex"^^ I was come express to him, and 
soe d'd bis letf in p''sence of his Hono'' J. U., Joshua Moody and one Jackson y'' Govern' clerk. 
Sir W"" Phips opened y'^ letter and gave bis clerk Governeurs letter w'^'' being in Dutch S"" W"" 
Phips said there was need of an interpreter. I acquainted him itt was translated into English. 
After y^ letf was read, I demanded Abr"" Governeur. He said, should consider of itt, & then 
reflected upon Governo"" Slaughter, Major Inglesby and our present Governo' highly justifying 
y" acting of Leisler, saying if he bad delivered y" fourtt to Major Inglesby be had deserved to 
be banged. I told him for nott doing of itt be was hanged. He told me if Slaughter had 
lived, be mustt have held up his band att y* bar for putting Leisler and Milborne to death. I 
made him for answer, if be had itt would be for not hanging of them all. I required bis answer 
to Martins "Vinyard. He said he had sentt one alredy. I required another, for his Ex"^'' 
Fletcher bad rec' none. He then fell a railing att Governo"" Nicholson, saying be bad never 
done a good action in his life. I replyed, I never heard of a bad one, and said y^ King knew 
him to be a better man. He then said y'^ King did never know him, he was recommended by 
some courtio', and did seem to reflectt upon those att Courtt att home, as if persons were putt 
in places of trust w* were nott for tbeire Maj'^* service. I acquainted him I had orders from 
bis Ex'^y Govern"" Fletcher to signifye to him thatt be intended to be att Martins Vinyard early 
in y'= Spring before he wentt to Albany. S"" W"" Phips making some pretence y" Martins 
Vinyard was in there Charter I acquainted him y^ Governo"" of N. Yorke would be glad to 
see him tbere. S"" W"" Phips ask'd if I came to challenge him. I replyed I came to deliver 
my message W*" I bad done. He asked if I had any such orders. I did tell him I had private 
instructions for my selfe, w"^*" I would nott shew him, nor any other. He told me if they were 
my own words I was an impudentt fellow. I told him I thought soe to, butt y° words were 
nott mine. S"" W"" Phips did tell me be did take y^ words as a challenge and would certainly 
meett w"" Governo"" Fletcher I told him be might interprett y"" words as he pleased. He did 
tell me if He did here Governour Fletcher was att Martins Vinyard be would take him 
prison"" if itt cost bira 2^ and be would have cause to repent of itt. Many reflections be did 
throw upon Governo"" Fletcher, saying be would doe his business att home, an y" he would nott 


be long att Yorkc, & y" he was short livde ; and wentt on vindicateing of Leisler. I told him y" 

King and Councill were of another mind, haveiug given judgm" they were legally tryed 

condemned and executed. He told me he knew better, and he knew there was noe such judgm" 

He knew well enough how things were acted & carryed on. I told him Coll : Fletcher broughtt 

itt over. He told mee ittwas a falcc thing. I told him 1 was suer he did bring over noe falce 

paper. He said he was sure he had. I demanded again y" Governeur mightt be seized & 

delivered me, according to Governo' Fletchers letf he being und' sentence of condemnation 

and runu away, and had occasioned a disturbance of y* peace of his Maj'J" subjects. He said 

he would take itt into consideration and speak with him, and tlien give me an answer. I 

acquainted him Govemeurs letter reflected upon him selfe ; iiott withstanding all w''' he did 

nott condemn y"= person for writeing nor disowne the matter of factt butt said itt was the 

business of y"= King's Governours to actt whatt they could ag" y= comon enemy. S'' W™ I'liips 

declared y" Governo'' Fletcher had orders from the Queen to release y" prisson" butt contrary 

thereunto keptt them prisson" while he forces them to petition. 

ThoxMas Clarke. 

Narrative of Canference hetween Sir William Pkips and Captain Clarice. 

[New-Tork Papers, IH. E. 49.] 

A narrative of what conference happened between S' Will™ Phips & Capt: 
Clarke at Boston. 

The next day after my arrivall at Boston being the 17"' of Jan^ lG9f . I wayted on S'' W" Phipps 
and tould his Excell. I was sent express to him by his Excellency the Govemo"" of New Yorke, 
giveing him his letter in the p'"sence of Governo"' Usher, Joshua Moody and the Governo" 
Secretary or Clarke. S"" Will" after he had opened the letter, takeing out the letter of 
Governeer being in Dutch, he said there was need of an Interpreter ; I tould S' William I did 
believe it was translated into English. After this letter was read I demanded Abraham 
Governeer to be delivered to me, that I might take care to send him to New Yorke. S"' W™ 
tould me it was a thing to be considered, and that if Governeer had done any wrong Coll : 
Fletcher might prosecute him at Boston, and as for what he had formerly donn, he was 
pardoned by the Queen and Councill, which pardon Coll: Fletcher had brought over with 
him, but instead of giveing the prison" the benefitt he kept them in goale, till he forced them to 
signe against their wills to that they were never guilty of in the least wise. He reflected 
extraordinarie upon Governo'' Sloughter, Major TngoUlesby and his Excellency Governo'' Fletcher, 
highly commending the actions of Jacob Leysler and Jacob Milborne, saying if that they had 
delivered the fort to Major Ingoldesby they had deserved to be hanged. He tould me if 
Sloughter had lived he must have held his hand at the barr, for hanging Leysler and Milborne ; 
that there was severall Governo''' sent abroad that did not minde their Majesties interest, and 
that Governo'' Nicholson was an ill man and had never donn a good accon in all his life. I 
tould him I never heard of any ill that ever he did, and I supposed their Majesties knew him 
well before they sent liiin to Viriiinnia. Sir W'" said Iheir Maj"" did not know him, but that 
Vol. IV. 2 


he was recommended by some that ware about their Majesties, who for money gott in many 
that were not for the Kings interest. He knew how things went at home, and many otlier 
reflecting speaches he had concerning those aboute their Maj''" I tould I was ordered by his 
Excell. the Governo"' of N. Yorke to demand his answer, relateing to Marthins Vineyard. He 
tiiuld me had sent one ah-eady. I tould him it would be well taken if he pleased to send the 
coppy, for I believed the other did not come to hand. Soe he fell to vindicate Leysler and 
Milborne againe & reflected much upon his Excell: Coll. Fletcher, saying he would doe his 
buissiness at home, and that he would not be long at Yorke, and that he was short liv'd ; he 
tould me that the accons of Major Ingoldesby were much condemned at home, I tould him it 
seemed otherwise by the Order in Councill wherein the Lords give their oppinnion that they 
were legally condemned and executed. He tould me he knew better, for that at first Major 
Ingoldesby makeing greate friends before Leysler's sonne came home, he ran farr, but after 
I^eysler's sonne came home the currant ran the other way, and that there was noe judgeni' 
tliat they were legally executed. I tould him I saw a coppy: he said it was a forg'd and falce 
paper. I tould S"' W'" I was to acquaint him that his Excellency the Governo'' of New Yorke 
intended to be at Martins Vineyard early in the Spring, and that he would be very glad to 
meet him there. S"' W™ askt me if I were come to challenge him. I tould him noe, but to 
deliver my message, which I had done. He askt me if I had any such instructions. I tould 
him, yes, or elce I should not have given him that account. He would have seen them : 
I tould him they were for my direction and not to show to his Excell. He tould me if the 
words were my owne I was an impudent bould fellow, and sayd he tooke the words as a 
cliallenge, and would certainly meet Governo'' Fletcher, I tould him I had delivered mj^ 
message, and he might interprett them as he pleased, but I sawe noe harm in them. He tould me 
if he heard Governo'' Fletcher was at INIartins Vineyard he would take him prisoner if it cost him 
two pence. I tould him I hoped that his Excel], would he pleased to give me an answer 
relateing to the matter of the Vineyard, and alsoe deliver Abra: Gouverneer. He sayd that to 
the matter of the Vineyard he would send an answer, but for Gouverneer he refused to deliver 
him : and for that time I tooke my leave. 

The I O"" of Jan'y the Marshall came and tould me I must appeare before the Councill ; upon 
my comeing in S"' W"" ordered me to relate the message that some time before I had 
delivered to himselfe. I tould his Excellency I was not sent to the Councill but to himselfe 
to whome I had delivered my message, and had nothing to move to that hon'>''= Board. S'' W'" 
demanded my instructions I tould him I could not be soe unfaithfull to my master who had 
sent me. He tould me he would comitt me till I did shew them. He tould the Councill that 
I had challenged him to meet Governo"" Fletcher at tiie Vineyard ; upon wliich I tould the 
Councill I understood noe challenge in the words, I onely tould Sir W" that Governo'' Fletcher 
(lid intend to be at Martins Vineyard in the Spring and that he should be glad to see S'' W"" 
there. He tould me the Governours impertinent letter hinted as much. S'" W'" spoak to the 
Councill tliat I might be comitted, & ordered the Marshall to take me into his custody and 
carry me into tiic next roome ; which he did. In about half an houre I was called in before 
the Councill, and S"" W"" tould nu^ I was discharged for the p''sent, but must attend the 
('ouncills farther order. 

The 26"" I went to the Town House where the Councill satt, sending word by the doore 
keeper that I was belowe to attend his Excellency and Councill according to his order, and 
allsoe desired to knowe if any thing were moveing in answer to wiiatt I came about, and 


towards my dispatch. The doore keeper brought me word tliat S"" W'" was busie in Council 
auclwoidd desire me to waite upon Iiim some otiier time at liis house, wiiere he liad something 
to say and deliver to me. 

The 2S"' I went to S'' W"'' and sent him word I was come to waite upon him. S"" W" came 
to me I tould him according to his order I was come to waite upon his Excellency, and to 
receive his answer and letters to his Excellency the Governo"' of Yorke. He tould me he had 
onely writt one letter, and that was all he intended to send : for he had writt foure before to 
Yorke, but had received noe retourne but a brawleing scoulding impertinent letter, and noe 
wise relateing to liie Kings buissiness ; therefore he would write noe more concerneing tliat 
matter, but something in answer to his ([uarrelling letter. Then he tould me he had 
heard in London that Coll : Fletcher was a gentleman and a good souldier, & that he was 
advised to consult him in the matter of Canada, to which end he had sent foure letters. I 
tould him I never heard of the arrivall of any, but I doubted not but his Excellency knew 
who they went by. He tould me he sent one by Coll: Dudley; whicli I acquainted the 
Coll: of, and he protested he sent none by him. In some of his letters, S' W™ tould me, he 
liad left it to the Governo"' of Yorke to appointe the place of their meeting, but that Coll : 
Fletcher slighted it, and he would retourne an accompt thereof home. Then he tould me he 
scorn'd to speake against Coll: Fletcher behinde his back, for he was afraid of noe man. I 
tould S"" W™ that Lis Excelleucie knew best whether he had or noe, but it was my oppinnion 
that all men of sence would beleive that S'' W™ liad spoke the words Abriih: Governecr writt, 
because S'' W"' did not punish Governeer lor writeing soe gross a lye of him or elce to send 
him to New Yorke to his Excell : the Governo'' who had sent me to demand him. He madt' 
me noe answer to that, nor in all the time of my discourse did he seeme to denye the words 
y' Abrah : Governeer writt. He tould me if I was not come upon their Maj"" service, he would 
have made me the sevearest example that ever was in New England. I tould him I did not doubt 
but being a free born borne subject I should have the benefit of tiie law, being in an English 
Province. He tould me yes and the extremity thereof. I tould iiim I had noe dread upon 
me, neither would I be frighted from doeing my masters buissiness \\ho luid sent me, and 1 was 
of oppinnion all this discourse was much besides the buissiness I Was come aboute, tlierefore I 
pray'd his answer relateing to tiie Vineyard. He asked me when I intended to goe. I tould 
him next Tewsday at farthest. He bid me come when I would and I should have his letter 
for 'twas ready. I tould him I was ready to receave it now if His Excell : pleased and had 
nothing elce to wait for, but his Excellencyes dispatch, for which I had waited above tenn 
dayes. He tould me I must come in the morneing beibre I went. I tould him 1 should be 
gonne early before His Excellency would be stirring, but if he pleased I would waite upon his 
Excellency on Munday night. He bid me doe soe ; and svmdry times spoke in the favo"" 
of Barry and Gouverneer, telling me he would beleive them before me, and verj- much 
speaking in favo"' of Leysler, condenming Major Ingoldcsbey and Governo'' Sloughter. 

The 30"> Jan''^ about five a clock, the Councill being broke up I went to S"' W""' house alone, 
and he standing upon the steps of his house I tould him I was come to waite upon his 
Excellency for my dispatch towards Yorke. He tould me his letter was ready and gave it me. 
I prayed an answer relateing to the Vineyard. He bid me tell Governo"' Fletcher that if he 
came to Martins Vineyard to media with the governmS he would take care to secure him that 
he should never retourne back againe — I asked S"" W"° if I should retourne this for his answer 
to the buissiuesse of the Vineyard. He tould me yes. S"' I shall be shure to doe it; soe you 


had best, said S"" W". I againe demanded Goverueer to be delivered to me that I might see 

liim to Yorke. He toiild me noe, I ask't him if this was his result. He tould me he was 

none of Governo'' Fletchers goaler — I tould him I hoped his Excellency would hono"" me with 

a pass. He tould me noe he sliould give me none. 

Tho : Clarke 

New Yorke the 15"» of February 169| 

Then Capt : Thomas Clarke appeared before Fred Philips Esq' Stephen Courtlandt Esq"" & 

Chidley Brooke Esq' and made Oath upon the Evangelists that this narrative is true in every 

part thereof. 

Fredrych Flypse 

Chid: Brooke 

s. v. cortlandt. 

T/ie lining to Governor FletcJier. 

[New- York Entries, III. 35.] 

W. R. 

Trusty and welbeloved wee Greet you well, Whereas for the defence and Security of our 
Plantations in America and for annoying the French in those Parts, We have caused a 
Considerable Squadron of Ships, Consisting of Six Frigatts and two fire Ships, with land 
Forces on board to be fitted out and directed them to sail from the Charibee Islands so early 
as to be by the end of May or the middle of June at fartliest in New England, there to refitt 
and take with them such assistance and Supplys of Ships men and Provisions as shall be 
provided in those parts to attack the French in the River of Canada and to destroy or take 
Possession of the Towns and habitations there belonging to the enemy. In order whereunto 
we have directed Our Trusty and Welbeloved S' William Phips Kn' Our Governor of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England, to represent these Our Gracious resolutions to Our 
Councill and Assembly of that Province, that they may do all that in them lyes for the getting 
ready of Ships and men and all necessary Provisions against the time of the arrivall of our 
said Scjuadron to be employed and made use of by them, jointly against the French in such 
manner as shall be agreed upon and determined by a Councill of Warr, and whereas the 
assistance of our Colony of New York may very [effectually] contribute to this undertaking. Wee 
do hereby charge and require you to consult and advise with our said Govern"" of the 
Massachusetts Bay or such Persons as shall be commissionated by him for the carrying on Our 
Koyall Purposes as above express'd and the common good of Our severall Colonies in 
offending and annoying the Enemy by Land as well as by Sea, wherein you are to use your 
utmost Endeav" in such manner as shall be thought most conducing to Our Service, And so 
Wee bid you very heartily farewell. Given at Our Court at Whitehall this twenty third day 
of February 169 1 In the fifth year of Our Reign 

By His Majes^ Command 



Governor FletcJier to Mr. Blatliwmjt. 

[New- York Entries, III. 19.] 


T was called from my last by the accts of an in fall tlie French and tlieire Indians had made, 
on the out Skirts of this Province of which I send you a narrative, and I still hcg your Friondshii) 
Countenance to this poore part of the English Empire 

S'' our Neighbours on the Right and left sitt at ease, they Govern by theire own Fancies, 
Counecticutt full of people keep up a Comonwealth, Power oppress the better sort who 
dessent from them but will not send a man or Sixpence to our releif. 

And from that Collony I could march up men dry foot to Repell our Enemies, from hence 
we have a voyage of fifty leagues to Albany, In my absence the Councill here writ to all the 
Neighbouring Collonies for men or money, the Republick of Couecticutt quarrell att the 
Superscription of the Councells Letter for want of theire proper Tittle. From Pensilvania 
they say they have nothing to send us but theire good wishes. East Jersey has sent us ,£248 
and promiss to make itt ^'400 those remoter Collonies I have not yet heard from. Wee have 
quite lost Our Furr Trade, we pay ten p"' cent for money borrowed to carry on this war, 
and no prospect that I see of paying the principle. The Fort of this place quite out of 
Repairs dropping down. So are the buildings especially the Chappell, nothing in my sight 
but an addition of Counecticutt and some other Colonys can support us by paying equall 
duties to the Crown, the Acts for Navigation are wholy violated by these out lyers. 

I humbly beg that Arms for two Troops of Dragoons may be sent over, they are of great 
use on our Frontiers. 

Two Companies more of Foot where of one for Maj' Sclmyler who has behaved himself 
well understands the Indian Language and their way of fighting, would encourage and 
strcnghten these dejected and dispirittcd people, though the French were beaten they are not 
sattislied that one man gott off, and had our Indians been true to us, 'twas next to impossible 
that a man of them shordd have Escaped. 

S' we cannot send our Acts of Assembly and minutes of the Councill, till a Ship go from 
hence. I send this to Boston in hopes of a passage from thence if S'' William Phips do not 
iutecept it. I am S'' 

Yours &■= 

New York Benjamin Fletcher 

S March 169f 


Journal of Governor Fletclier^s Expedition. 

[New-Tork Tapers, III. E. 51.] 

A journal of the expedicon of His Excell: Ben: Fletcher Capt: General! & 
Governour in Cheife of the Province of New York, to the frouteers, against 
the French & Indians of Canida. 

169f Feb. 12. Sunday about 10 or 11 a clock at night an expresse from L' Col Beeckman of 
Ulster County gave bis Excell. an account of advice from Albany, of the French and Indians 
consisting of 550. being within 20 miles of Schenectady on the S"' instant, an hour before day, 
ready to fall upon the 2 first Castles of our Mobogs. Whereupon his Excell ordered the Col : 
of the Militia of the City of New Yorke to draw out his regiment next morning. 

13* Munday. Orders were sent to Col. Courtlandt of Kings County and Coll: Willet of 
Queen's County to detach out their regiments 150 men to be forthwith ready to imbarq at 
the ferry. 

About 8 a clock morning the City Regiment being under arms bis Excell. on Iiorseback at 
tiie head of the regiment demanded who were willing to follow him to the fronteers against 
the enemy: they unanimously threw up their batts crying one & all. Upon which the Coll: 
was ordered to detach 150 of the fittest men, to be under the command of three captains with 
their Subaltern Officers ready at the first beat of drum, & dismisse the regiment. 

About 10 a clock his Excell: did send the expresse forward to Lieu' Coll. Beeckman witli 
orders to gett all the horses in the County of Ulster together in readynesse to carry his Excell. 
& the detachments to Albany from Kingston, by land, in case the river were not open, and to 
forward any confirmation of the news to his Excell: which he expected before be did intend 
to imbarq. 

14 Tuesday. By break of day an express from Major Ingoldesby confirming the former news 
and that the two first Castles were taken by the French and Indians. Whereupon eight Sloops 
were ordered with necessary provisions and ammunicon to goe round the Fort and be ready to 
saile and the detachment of the City Regiment did immediately imbarq about 4 a clock 
afternoon ; the tide ofl'ering, his Excell. attended with the Officers of the detachment & severall 
volunteers, did imbarq and sett saile. 

l?"" Friday About 9 a clock bis Excell. arrived at Albany (being 50 leagues distant from 
New York) with 5 of the sloops, having mett much ice in the river which gave some difficulty : 
the rest arrived towards evening. As soon as they came on shoare his Excell ordered Capt: 
Schuyler to march .50 of the men to Schenectady about 11a clock his Excell : followed with 1 G 
horse leaving instruccons with Coll : Bayard to forward all the rest of the detachments, as they did 
arrive, towards Schenectady without losse of time together with the ammunicon & provisions. 

About 3 a clock afternoon His Excell met Major Ingoldesby about 8 miles from Schenectady 
on bis returne from Albany, having gone from thence that morning to visit Schenectady. His 
Excell: arrived at Schenectady (being 20 miles from Albany) about 5 a clock. 

9 a clock at night Captain Schuyler with his men arrived & found provisions and lodging in 

18"" Saturday. By break of day the men were ready to be transported over the river, but a 
violent storme did hinder their transportacon 'till afternoon & sundry Indian women loaden 
with provisions were sent along with them. 


This day about noon I\Iaj'' Menit willi tlie rest of the City detachmeut did arrive at 
Schenectady and were immediately furnished with quarter ammunicon and provision ready to 
march next morning. 

19"' Sunday. By break of day the rest of the forces tlint were fitt to march did attempt to 
get over, but great cpiantilyes of loose ice did hinder them, till about tenn a clock the ice 
setling, they got over it on foot, wliicli in two hours after was dispersed and the river open 
again. This party caryed a further supply of provisions and ammunicon. 

20"" Munday. By break of day those of the City detachment who were not able to mai^h 
the day before being refreshed, His Excell: detached from tlie garisou of Schenectady soe 
many as made them 42, who did immediately march with 13 horses loaden with provisions & 

About 2 a clock afternoon arrived at Schenectady Captain Stillwell with the detaciunent ol' 
King's County consisting of 50 men who were ordered to refresh themselves 'till next morning, 
and three horses with provisions ordered to be in readynesse to attend them. 

21=" Tuesday The horses being caryed over the river and the men ready to be transported, 
came an express from Major Schuyler giving intelligence of his being neer at hand on liis 
returne, who arrived about 4 a clock afternoon : upon which the men & horse were remanded 
and sent back to their homes. 

There marched by his Excell: order from Schenectady to joyne Maj"' Schuyler since his 
Excell arrivall there 20S effective men besides guides and caryers of supplyes, with considerable 
quantityes of provisions and ammunicon which are since returned. 

22"" Wednesday. His Excell returned for Albany accompanyed with INIaj"" Schuyler and 
several! of the forces come from pursuit of tlie enemy, and arrived about 3 a clock afternoon. 
His Excell: did order Major Schuyler with some other Officers to give the joiirnall of their 
accon in the woods. 

4 a clock arrived Coll: Willet at Albany with 120 men from Queenes County, who were 
next morning remanded home to their habitacons, together with the rest of the detachments. 

At night his Excellency sent to call those Indians that were returned from tiie (iglit, to meet 
him next morning at Albany. 

23"" Thursday. A proclamacon issued requiring all the out farmers to draw themselves into 
neighbourhoods for their better security against the sculking enemy. 

24"" Fryday. His Excell rec"* an address from the Corporation of Albany congratulating hi 
safe returne, and returning thanks for his early assistance with his personall p"'sence for their 
releife &^ 

25^ Saturday. The Indians being arrived last night & giving their attendance this morning, 
his Excell : being accomjianyed with the Magistrates of the City and the Souldiers and militia in 
arms, came to the City Hall and made his speech to the Indians, which was interpreted to 
them by the Interpretesse Helle. 

In the afternoon they gave their answer to his Excellency, the same Interpretesse. 

26"' Sunday. About S a clock in the morning 4 of the Cheif Sachems came to his Excelleucy 
with some further propositions, which he did immediately answer to their satisfaction. 

27"» Munday. His Excell: caused a proclamacon to be published prohibiting tiie selling of 
rum to the Indians and did inibarque for New Yorke, where he arrived Tliursday morning 
Ibllowiug, and was received with such expressions of joy and thankfuliness the place could 


We underwritteu have compared our particular journalls and do attest this coppy to be true. 

In New York 7 INIarch 169| 

N. Bayard. 

Charles Lodwik. 

Jfajor Peter 8clmyler''s Report to Governor Fletelwr. 

[New-York Papers, III. E. 52. ] 

In obedience to your Excell: commands with the other officer.? under my 
command I give this particuLir account of our proceedings since the first 
intelligence of the enemys descent into the Mohogs countrey. 

169|. Feb : 8"' Wednesday. About 2 a clocl\ afternoon we had the alarm from Schenectady 
that the French and their Indians had taken tlie Maquas Castles : Soon after vs^e had the news 
that a" young man named Jan Baptist van Eps (taken a Schenectady 3 yeares agoe) was runn 
over from tlie French, as they were to attack the first Castle of the Mohogs, and come to 
Schenectady, who related that the French were 350 Christians and 200 Indians, Major 
Ingoldesby sent forthwith his warrants to command in the farmers of Captaine Gerrittse and 
Capt Theunisses Companyes of Mihtia. 

Tliis night Lieu' John Schuyler and Cornet Abeel with 55 horse march'd to Schenectady. 

gth Thursday Cornet Abeel by express from Schenectady desired that Major Peter Schuyler 
or Maj"' Wessels might be sent thither to pacify the Indians who were enraged that noe 
Christians went out to pursue the enemy : upon which INIajor Schuyler at his own request was 
permitted to goe that evening. 

As soon as Major Schuyler arrived there he sent out Scouts to spy the forts and the enemyes 
motion and withall to give intelligence to the Tionoudage Indians of the enemyes comeing: but 
they haveiug gone 12 miles in the woods returned about 12 a clock at night saying they could 
not get over the river. 

10"' Fryday. Major Schuyler sent Lieu' John Schuyler and L' John Sander with G more to 
view the Mohogs fort that was possessed by the enemy who brought news that the French were 
in both the forts: of all which he gave advice to Major Ingoldesby at Albany. 

ll"" Saturday. Major Schuyler sent 10 christians and 40 Indians to ly near the enemy and 
to watch their mocon, who made a small fort to retreat into, and soe spyed wliat the enemy did. 

12"" Sunday. News were brought to Schenectady by some of the s"* Scouts that tliey had 
heard firing at the Maquaes forts, which was supposed [to be] the Tionondage Indians against 
the French ; which news Major Schuyler sent forward to Albany. Whereupon Major Ingoldesby 
detached about 200 men out of the several! companyes of the Militia, Fusileers, and troop, 
commanded by Capt I'eter Matthews, Capt Areut Schuyler, Capt: B. Phipps Capt. Killian van 
Renslaer and Capt: Thomas Carton, who arrived at Schenectady about 2 a clock afternoon & 
joyned Maj"' Sciuiyler. The waggons witli bread an'ived tiiat night. 

Thursday last our Scouts had brought in the news that the French were there still and that 
they had alsoe cutt oil" the o^ Castle of the Mohogs caUed Tionondage and that none of the 


upper Indians were come downe : all which was communicated to Maj' Ingoldesby forthwith, 
and Maj' Schuyler sent to him for orders to march. 

13"' iMunday. This morning iiaving rec"* noe answer of the last express Maj' Schuyler sent 
another for orders to march, and being pi'ess'd by the Indians who threatued else to desert 
us, was forced to march the men over the river without orders, which came about 4 a clock in 
the afternoone, when most of the men were gott over the river. This very time we had news 
by our Scouts that the French had burnt the 3 Ma(|uas Castles and were marched away ; 
which Maj"' Sciuiyler ordered L' Young to signify to Maj"' Ingoldesby. 

We marched 12 miles that evening being 273 Christians, in the night about 10 a clock one of 
our Scouts came in and told us that COO of our uppermost Indians were coming down. Maj'' 
Schuyler forthwith sent the same messenger that brought us the news, to Maj"' Ingoldesb}-, and 
desired that provision and ammunicon should be sent after us, not knowing how much the 
Indians may want. 

14*^ Tuesdaj'. About 1 or 2 a clock in the morning we decamped and marched to the small 
fort made by our 50 Scouts, about G a clock in the morning, wliere we had advice the enemy 
were not above 8 miles from us. Upon which L' Harme van Slyck and 2 Indians were sent 
to discover the enemy, who brought word they were marched. Two Indians came to us with 
news that there were 300 of our upper Indians within twenty miles of us ; whereupon we 
sent 2 Indians back to hasten them up, and to let them know we were there to joyne them. 
We sent out 3 Mohogs to discover the enemy : about 4 a clock in the afternoon we decamped 
and marched to tlie place where the enemy had lain the night before. 

lo"" Wednesdaj'. In the morning two of our Indian skouts returned (the 3'^"' run over to 
the enemy) who brouglit us news that they had seen the enemy within 10 miles. Our Indians 
came up with us about 12 a clock, being 290 men and boys, some armed and some without 
arms ; a consult being had we marched about 4 a clock & encam])ed alltogether, having 
marched about 10 miles that afternoon. This night a consult was held and spyes sent out to 
discover the enemy. 

IG"" Thursday. Early in the morning we marched & having gone tenn miles found the place 
where the enemy had lain 2 nights before and halted there. An Oneyde Indiau came from 
the enemy, being sent to our Indians to debauch them over to the French, whom wee did not 
think fitt to send back, being a prisoner taken at Tionondage. 

We sent an express to ^lajor Ingoldesby to acquaint hiiu that the enemy had built a fort 
and were resolved to fight us, and sent for supplies of provision ammunition & men. We 
marched on towards the enemy and met with one of our wounded Indians, who informed that 
the enemy staid for us in a fort. Upon which we marched about 2 miles, where a Christian 
boy Arnout the Interpreter's son, came to us, wlio had been 3 years a prisoner among the 
French. He gave account that the enemy were about GOO or 700 men, and within 3 miles. 
We marched forward to find some convenient place to encamp & to fortify ourselves from the 
enemy that niglit. We had scouts out. Christians and Indians, all night, to watch the enemys 
mocon ; who brought account in the morning that we were within a mile of their fort. 

17"" Fryday. We decamped and marched towards the enemy with scouts before us, and did 
not take a direct line, but went round for fear of an ambuscade; about S a clock in the morning 
come in sight of tlieir fort, where our scouts came and shewed us where the enemy lay. 
Upon which all the officers were commanded to take their posts and make ready to engage, 

Vol. IV. 3 


being 250 Christians and 290 Indians. The enemy seeing us gave three hosaas, which we 
answered with as many and as loud as they, and made the woods ring. 

Our Indians went to work to fall trees and fortifie, but the enemy sallyed out immediately. 
We engaged them and beat them into their fort. Our Indians fell to worke againe, and desired 
our Christians to help, which they did. The enemy sallyed out with all their strength a 2"* 
time, incouraging their men, crying they run wee will cut them all off & gett their provisions. 
We received them briskly and beat thexn back into their fort with the losse of severall of their 
men. Our men fell to worke againe about the fort ; the enemy sallyed out the 3** time, but 
were as well repulsed as before & beat back into their fort with considerable loss ; our Indians 
bringing severall of their heads and scalps into our fort. After this the enemy was quiet and 
we finished our fort. Assoon as this skirmish was over we sent an express to ]\Iajor Ingoldesby 
to acquaint him what had passed, praying him to hasten our recruits with provisions & 
ammunicon for the greatest part of the men had not had any provision in 2 dayes time. We 
sent out scouts of Christians and Indians all that night to discover the enemyes mocon, and lay 
all night in our fort. It was extreme bad cold snowy weather. 

IS"" Saturday. Being cold stormy weather and snow insomuch that we could scarce see any 
tract, our scouts came in this morning, which gave account that the enemy were in their fort, 
some being still popping at our people. About 9 a clock an Indian that left the French in 
their fort, told us he thought the enemy would retreate, that they were packing up their 
baggage. Upon which Major Schuyler ordered the Captains to draw out their men to march 
round the enemyes fort to stop them ; but the same time had an account they were fledd : he 
commanded the Officers to pursue them to hinder their retreate, till men and provisions came 
up; but the men wanting provisions, refused to march. The officers with GO Christians and 
some Indians pursued the enemy till they had made a small fortification, but the Officers not 
having men to engage them, nor to make a fort, returned, leaving 2 Officers with 40 men and 
100 Indians to watch their mocon, expecting our provisions to come up that night. 

19"" Sunday. About 7 a clock in the morning we had an account that our provisions were 
neer at hand, which came up to us about 9 or 10 a clock, with 80 men commanded by Capt 
Simms, the provisions being immediately distributed among the men ; those that were first 
served were commanded away after the enemy with 5 biscakes a man. About 4 a clock the 
van commanded by Captain Peter Matthews & Captaine Arent Schuyler came up neer the 
reet of the enemy, the scouts telling us we were within less than an English mile of the 
enemy, we desired the Indians to joyne with us and fall upon their reer till the rest of our 
men came up, sending in the mean time to our people to march in all haste : but the Indians 
halted and could not be perswaded to march, the Mohogs being most unwilling, because the 
enemy had dropp'd severall prisoners, who told them that if they pursued them they would 
kill all their wives and children whom they had prisoners. 

After an hours consultacon of the Indians most of our men came up. We marched with 
all speed thinking to overtake the enemy before they gott to the rivers side ; but there being 
a flake of ice in one part of the river and .all open above and below, the enemy gott over 
before we came up. We encamped at the rivers side that night. 

20"" Monday. In the morning Major Schuyler resolved to march over the river to pursue the 
enemy, ordering the Officers to gett their men ready for that purpose, but many of the men 
being wearied with fategue, their shoes quite worn out and provisions scarce, were not able 
to make any further pursuit; but that which did most of all discourage us is the great 


averseness the Indians had to fivU upon the enemy because of their wives and children : 
whereupon we marched back. 

21 Tuesday. Upon our arrivall at the frontiers at Schenectady we found your Excellency 
had been there since the 17"" instant with 2S0 men from New Yorke and more coming up : 
Yo'' Excell : had sent three severall detachments successively with men anmaunicon and 
provision for our assistance; but we returning another way missed of them. 

In this engagement we lost four private souldiers and 4 Indians, two Officers and 12 Christia>is 
and Indians wounded ; and had aa account of some of our Indian prisoners that made their 
escape, that we killed thirty three of the enemy, whereof we found but twenty seven corps, 
amongst which was their Captain Commandent and two other officers, with two of their 
commanding Indians, and six and twenty wounded. 
We rescued between 40 & 50 prisoners 

We found when we came into the enemyes fort that they had burnt their blanketts and 
baggage & beat their kettles to pieces to lighten their retreate Since their retreate we are 
informed by divers of the prisoners who come home dayly, that all our men prisoners, except 5, 
have made their escape or are sett at liberty, and but few women and children left with them, 
not being able to carry the prisoners off, by reason of their wounded men, whereof they carry 
thirteen. The Indians after their naturall barbarity did cutt the enemies dead to pieces, roast 
them and eat them. 

P' Schuyler 
Peter Matthews 
A. Schuyler 
K. V. Renslaer 

Ben J Phipps 
a true copy 

M. Clarkson Secry. 

II. I 
Address of tlie Mayoi\ c£r., of Albany to Governor Fletclier. 

[New-York Pai*r8,;m.,E. 66.] : 

To His Excellency Benj" Fletcher Capt° Gen" and Govemo'' in Chiefe of their Majesties Province 
of New Yorke and Dependencies & Vice Admirall of the same. 

The humble addresse of the May' Aldermen & Commonalty of the Citty of 
Albany. .';. 

May it please Yo"" Excellency, 

Wee are extreamly sencible of your Excell : speclall care, not only for the safty & security 
of this yo' Excellency s govemm' in.generall, but in p'ticular for the extraordinary reguarde 
taken for this citty, being the utmost frontier thereof, seated near 150 miles up in the Countrey, 
whilst the same was attaqued by the enemy of Canida who had surprized and burnt the 3 Castles 
of o' Indian INIohog's, killing diverse of their fighting men & led in captivity upwards of 130 
women and children, & that yo' Excell. should within two days after notice received from 



hence make that dispatch as to be here soe suddenly with 300 men & sufficient pMsions & 
stores of war for our immediate reUefe ; which was more then ever could be expected in this 
winter season. 

Wee therefore out of a deep sence of yo"' Excell. unparellod affection to & care for us, cannot 
but esteem our selfes highly oblidged to yo"" Excellency aud begg of you to accept cm- unfeigned 
thanks, assureing yo"' Excell. as wee shall never forgett yo' extraordinary care of ns, soe wee 
shall ever admire and beg the continuence of yo' Excellencys benign government over us. 
And since the Maquase nation is wholley dispersed by the ent myes late burning all their three 
Castles & our farmers live straggling up & down the country in great danger to be cutt off by 
sculking Indians, wee pray that yo' Excellency in yo' wisdom will be pleased to order some 
convenient place where the remnant of the said Nation may be convened together & fortified 
against any attaque of tlie enemy, & that the farmers may bee ordered to fortify themselves 
in Comp' together that the enemy may not have an advantage of them. 

Aud wee humbly begg yo' Excell to believe wee are always ready to venture our lives and 
fortunes for Their Ma"" service, the defence of this Province & with all chearfullness & allacrity 
shall endeavo' when ever it lyes in o' power to demonstrate our true aflectious to yo' Excellency 
in p'ticuler & to approve o' selves 

Yo' Excel], most dutiful! 

& most obedient Servants 

Peter Schuyler Mayor 

Albany 24 Feb. lG9f Dirck Wessells Recorder 

Levinus Van Schayck Alderman 
Evert Bancker Alderman 

Rynier Barentz Assistant 

Johannes Roseboom Assistant 
a time Copy 

M. Clarkson Secry 

Governor Fletcher'' s Speech to the Indian Sachems. 

[ New-Tork Papers, IH. E. 53. ] 

The speech of his Excell. Benjamin Fletcher Captain General! and Govemour 
in Cheife of tlie Province of New Yorke and the Territoryes depending 
thereon in America to some of the Cheife Sachims of the Indians of tlie 
Five Nations, convened at the City Hall in Albany the 25"' day of February 
169| after the defeate of the enemy, being drove out of this Province. 


It is not unknown to some of you that I came last October into these parts for noe other 
cause than to secure us and you from the attempt of the French and their Indians, our 
enemyes & yours. 

And in order to this I sent up a supply of ammunicon artillary aud christian soldiers, 


suflBcient to p''vent any insult from our enemyes, and it had tlie effect I expected, I'or they 
durst not face the weakest of our garrisons. 

I came now for your releife and have lost noe time ; the same day that I had the account 
from henco that the enemy was in this Country, I put my selfe on board a sloop and brought 
witli me one hundred and fifty Christian .Soldiers besides volunteers, and arrived iiere before 
I could be expected. I did inunediately march to Schenectady, from whence I sent supplys 
of two hundred aiul odd men with p'vision & ammunicon up to you, who with those under 
the command of Maj'' Schuyler that had joyned you before might have secured an intire 
victorie & prevented the French and their Indians from any possibility of getting back to 
their own homes, but it has pleased God to order it otherwise. 

I had alsoe two hundred Christians more upon their march, who arrived iiore and would 
liave been a considerable reinforcement to us, but the accou being over 1 commanded them 
ba(-k to their former residence 'till further orders. 

It is obvious to me and ( I beleive) to you all that the calamity is fallen on you by yo' own 
faults. I could never suppose my brethren the Maquas would be soe supine and carelesse as 
to suffer the French and their Indians to enter their Castles without the least resistance. 

The men that have an enemy neere must sleep with their arms in their hands and one eye 
open ; that is they must keep scouts and spyes soe as never to become a prey to their enemyes 
by their own negligence. 

I must therefore advise you that for the future you keep strict watch, soe that I may have 
timely notice of the enemys mocon, and you will then see how easily they will b'e defeated. 

I hope it is now apparent to you that the great King of England is ready to apply his arms 
for yo"' defence, when you consider that in a very few dayes I am come personally to your 
assistance with neer four hundred Christian soldiers 

I have had the honour to bear command under the great King of England mj- master, where 
I have seen the French ffy before his victorious arms, & last summer it pleased God to add to 
his victoryes by the defeate and distruction of their fleet, in which most of their ships were 
burnt and sunck. 

I am come now in great haste and hrouglit noe p^seuts with me, but designe ( Ijy the blessing 
of God) to be with you at the beginning of summer to renew the antient covenant chain, and 
to give yon further assurances of the great King of Englands favour to }'ou and of my o\\ti 
readynesse upon all occacons to appear as his servant for yo'' protection against our enemyes 
and yours, and to give you something to wipe oif yo"' tears for the losse of your relations, 
which I heartily condole. 

My p'sent care now is to provide for the Maquas Nation, about which I have given my 
direccons to Maj'' Schuyler, who will appoint them a place for their residence. I have alsoe 
ordered some come for your present support, which j'ou %\ill receive. 

I must add that it concerns your honnour and reputacon to make some brisk attempt upon 
our enemyes, and this with what secrecy & expedicou you can, that those people may see you 
retain the antient courage of your ancestors; and I doe not question but God will give you 
success by a severe revenge upon our enemys and yours. 

I am informed that your young men have killed the horses of some Christian soldiers, who 
were upon the same service with you. It is not brotherly, and I desire for the future you 
will take care to prevent such outrage, that the antient covenant chain may be p'scrved 
inviolable on your parts, as it will be on my masters the Great King. 


To conclude I must tell you that I doubt there is some false brother among us, who keeps 
intelligence with our enemyes, concealing their designs & exposing ours ; If you have one 
French man among you he will be true to his country and betray you. I have ordered you 
some bread and beere, and desire you will drink the healths of my great Master and Mistress, 
the victorious King and most illustrious Queen of Great Brittain, France & Ireland, and all 
America, and soe I bidd you farewell, 
a true Copy 

M. Clarkson Secry 

ATiswer of the Five Nations to Governor Fletclier. 

[New-York Papers, III. E. 64.] 

The answer of the Five Nations viz' the Maquas, Oneydes, Onondages, Cayouges 
and Senekes ; to his Excellency Benjamin Fletcher Captain Generall and 
Governo' in chief of the P''vince of New York &° at Albany the SS*"" day of 
February 169| afternoon 

Sadekanaktie Sachira of the Onondages, Speaker. Hille, the Interpretesse. 

Brother Cajenquiragoe. This word signifies Lord of the Great Swift Arrow, a name given 
to his Excellency Benj" Fletcher Si!^ because of his speedy arrivall with soe many men for their 
relief when the enemy had fallen on the Maquas Castles. 

When wee arrived at Schennectady after o"' march against the enemy yo' Excellency was 
pleased to desire us to come heither, where wee have heard yo'' Excellency speake and also 
participated of yo"" favours. Wee confess the French of Canida our enemys have fallen upon 
o"' brethren the Mohogs & destroy'd their three castles, & we can blame nothing for it but their 
not hearkening to yo'^ Excellency s wholesom advice; in t October last, which was, to keep good 
guard & out Skouts. Wee returne yo' Excellency our hearty thanks for yo' care in providing 
for them that they may not starve in the midst of this extreemity. 

Brother Cajenquiragoe Yo' Excellency has p'posed tons to attack the enemy in their 
Country to show them that wee have not lost the courage of our. ancestors. Wee return you 
our hearty thanks for your good encouragement. Wee are now in some manner drunk with 
the blood lately shedd by them. It is not usuall for us whilst und'such greife and anxiety as 
doth now seize us, to pursue to revenge our selves of the enemy. .You have lost your blood as 
well as wee & therefore the blood ought to be revenged unanimously' by both sides. 

Brother Cajenquiragoe. You have recommended to us to attack the enemy at their 
homes in Canida. You have been acquainted with us of old,<that''it hath always been o' 
custom first to condole the death of those who are killed by the enemyl being all one heart, 
one blood one soul. ■ . . 

Nevertheless wee design to goe out and fall upon the French, but we toust first secure our 
Castles ; since we know that the Governo' of Canida does intend to send out a considerable 
party ; whether wee know not. 


Yoii presse us to goe & attack the Frencli iu Canida by laiul. Wee expect tliat according 
to the many premisses & engagements made us, to hear that you send a considerable force with 
great gunns by sea, that the enemy being assaulted botli ways may be overcome. Wee 
press this the harder because a great part of our Strength is already broke ; therefore take it 
not amiss that wee push this point of takeiug Canida by sea, since it is impossible to take it 
by land alone. 

Brother Cajenquiragoe. Wee return yo'' Excellency our hearty thanks that you are soe 
ready to assist us upon any occasion, & for yo'' good advice to be watchfuU & keep out good 
scouts & spyes. It is probable wee had done a great deale more dammage to the enemy had 
wee been soe well provided with all sorts of ammunition and armes as the Indians of Canida 
are. Some of our men have gunns & no powder & ball ; & some but bowes and arrowes, 
which IMaj'' Schuyler can testilye who see us when wee came up to him : whereas the Governo' 
of Canida supplyes his Indians with all sorts of armes and ammunicon, which we found when 
wee engaged them. 

Wee pray yo"" Excell. to have a carefuU eye over us since this party of the French that have 
destroyed the Maqua's Castles is but a part of his strength ; he is at work with the Ottowawaes 
& Dowaganhaes Indians, where he has a great magazine & supplies them with all sorts of 
ammunition. And wee fear that force will come down upon us still. 

Brother Cajenquiragoe. Wee return yo'' Excellency thanks for remembring o' dead & that 
you will condole their losse when you come up in the beginning of Summer ; but yo'' Excell. 
can expect noe return from us ; our condition and capacity is soe meane. 

Brother Cajenquiragoe you did inform us of a great victory that our Great King has got 
upon the French at sea, which is wonderfuU & all the Nations are heartily rejoyced at it, and 
hope that God Almighty will give the same success to their Maj"" armes in this part of the 
world over his and our enemys the French in Canida. 

Wee pray that yo'' Excell. would be pleased to acquaint our Great King of our mean 
condition & in what posture wee are in, how easy it is to destroy Canida if all their Ma"" 
Subjects in these Colonyes would unite & joyne together, with some ships which o'' great King 
can more easily spare us after this late sea victory over the French. 

Wee desire that yo"' Excellency would be pleased to ord' a Smith to bee with us in o'' 
country to repair our armes that wee may defend our selves against the French. 

His Excell : replication to their answer. 


I must tell you of yo'' mistake to thinke that this party of French that have destroy'd the 
Castles of the Mohogs are but part of the Governo"' of Canida's strength ; for it is his greatest 
strength that he can spare & the best men he had, nor could they come here but with great 
difficulty and hardship ; and believe the greatest part of them that escaped will never returne, 
but perish in the woods ; therefore be not discouraged, keep out good scouts & spyes and give 
me but timely advertisement of their comeing (you have experienced my readinesse for yo'' 
reliefe) and I doubt not if Monsieur Frontiniack with all the power of Canida come to assault us, 
but to overcome him by the strength of this P''viuce, without any assistance of our neighbours. 

I doe grant yo' request of a Smith, and will order one to live in yo'' country to repair yo" 



Propositions made by four of the Clieif Sachims of the 5 nations to his Excell. 
Benjamin Fletcher, Captain Generall &■= in Albany the 26"" of February 

Brother Cajenquiragoe 

Wee come to acquaint you that last night one of our men in a fitt of drunkenesse hath 
killed an Indian that came over from the French ; at which wee are much concerned ; and 
therefore come to know how yo"' Excell. resents it. 

Wee desire yo"" Excell. will be pleased to prohibite the selling of rum whilst the warr is soe 
hott, since our soldiers cannot be kept within bounds wlion tliey are drunk. 

Brother Cajenquiragoe. Wee made answer to yo'' Excell. speech yesterday, but had not 
time to consult with that deliberation wee ought to have done. Wee therefore beg yo'' Excell. 
pardon for what is omitted, & where wee did faile in our duty, wee doe declare in belialfe of 
all the Nations that wee are singularly oblidged to yo'' Excellency for your extraordinary 
dispatch & suddain arrivall with soe considerable a force for our reliefs ; the like was never 
done before. Wee see yo"' Excellencys readyness & alacrity to help and assist us & doe also 
return yo'' Excellency thanks for leaving direccons with Maj'' Schuyler to take care of the 
Maquas Nation. 

Wee are thankfuU for yo'' Excell. kind expression to be soe ready to come for our reliefe & 
that you warn us to looke out and come & acquaint you assoon as wee see the enemy afarr ofl' 
coming. Wee will doubt no more of yC Excell. power to protect us, since we have a sufficient 
proof thereof in this expedition. 

Brother Cajenquiragoe. Wee doe engage to make a narrow enquiry as soon as we come 
into our country about the French p''souers, whom wee suspect may betray us. Wee have 
had twice words with the Oneydes about that priest Millett, that is among them, & wee intend 
to try the third time. 

Wee desire yo'' Excellency may come up as soon as tlie barke is loose upon the trees, since 
wee have a designe upon the enemy. 

Wee forgott to answear yo'' Excell. concerning o'' young men killing the horses. Wee confess 
it is not brotherl}^ ; it is very ill done, and as soon as wee come into o' countrey wee will take 
such methods to p''vent it, wee will find out those that have done it & cause them make 

His Excell : did reply. 

That he was much concerned that thej^ should exercise their arms against one another, 
whilst there is an enemy in the field ; he lioped for the future they would prevent such 
irregularities, tliat they may rest siiffitiently satisfyed in the readinesse of the amies of the 
Great King of England to assist them & that for his own part he will never spare to expose 
his person for their security ; that the rum shall be p''hibited according to their request & that 
the greatest thing lie does require of them is to bee vigilant and carefuU & not to suffer 
themselves to bee surprized hereafter, & then they need not fear the French. 
A true Copy 

M. Clarkson Secry 


List of Offii-ers in JSFeiv- York and their Salaries. 

[New- York Papers, III. E. 83.] 

Province of New York 
in America. 

A List of all the Oflicers imployed in Civill Offices in the Province of New 
York in America the 20"" of Aprill 1G93 and of their Sallaries. 

Patent Officers Sallarya 

£ s. d 

His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher Esq'' Cap' Gen" and Governour in Cheife of 
the Province of New York and Territories depending thereon in America 
and Vice Admirall of the same .£600 sterling att 30 p' cent advance is 780 . . . . 

JNLitthew Clarkson Esq' Secry. allowed him for Paper, Pen & ink p"" annum. ... 30 ... . 

Chidley Brook Esq'' Coll'' and Receiver Gen" p' ann £200. £30 sterl p' cent 

advance 260 . . . . 

Members of Councill. 

Fred. Philips Gab: Monveille Will"" Pinhorne 

Steph: Courtlandt Chid. Brook Peter Schuyler 

Nich : Bayard W"" Nicolls John Lawrence 

Will: Smith Thos Willett John Youngs 

Caleb Heathcote 

James Grayham Esq' Attorney Gen" 

David Jamison Clerk of the Councill allowed per annum 50 

Dan : Honan Accomptant Gen" p'' ann: 50 

Jarvis Marshall Door keeper & Messenger of y Councill 30 

Justices of the Supream Court of Judicature havcing the ■power of Kiiig's Bench, 

Comon Fleas ^ Exchequer 

allowed for j William Smith Esq"" cheife Justice per annum 130 

riding ye Circuit | William Piuhome Esq'" 2"* Justice per annum 100 

Steph: Courtlandt '\ 

Chid Brooke I Esq" Justices 

John Lawrence j 

The Secretary is Clerk of this Court 

Cuslome Home Officers 

Rob' Livingston Sub Collector att Albany per annum 50 

Will"" Shaw Gauger att Albany p' Ann 8 

Tho* Munsey Surveyor att New York p' ann 40 

Vol. IV. 4 


James Evetts Waiter ^^ 

Emmanuel Young Waiter 30 

The Guager at New York paid by y^ Cask 

Allowed to Godfredus Dellius for teaching and converting tiie Indians p'' ann ... 60 

To the Interpretess Helletie to interprete for y*^ Five Nations p"' annum 20 

Allowed for their Ma"" Barge one Coxswaine p'' ann : & eight oars att 

50' each ^20 30 

Allowed to a printer p' ann : 40 

Clerk of the Assembly allowed 12' p' diem dureing y' Sessions 

Door Keeper and Messenger 4' p"" diem during y^ Sessions 

Allowed the Hon'''<^ M"' Blaithwayte 5 p' cent out of the Revenue as Auditor 



In the Citty of New YorJce 

Abraham Depeyster Esq' Mayor & Standley Hancock Esq"- HighSberiffe 

Clerk of the Mercate William Sharpas Towne Gierke 

James Graham Esq"' Recorder. 
The Aldermen, Collectors, Assessors, and Constables are elective 

III the City of Albany 

Peter Schuyler Esq"" Mayor Rob' Livingston Esq Town Clerk 

Dirck Wessells Esq. Recorder John Apell Esq Sheriffe 

The Aldermen, Collectors, Assessors and Constables elective. 

The Mayor's Court hath the Power of the Comon Pleas. 

In each County there is a Court of Comon Pleas whereof the first in the Commission of the 
Peace is Judge, and is to be assisted with any two of the three next in the Commission of the 


The Mayor and Aldermen are Justices of the Peace and have power to hold Quarter 

Sessions in the Cittys of N. York and Albany. 

Justices of the Peace 

In the County of Albany to joyne the Mayor, Record"" and Aldermen in the Quarter Sessions. 

Eghbert Theunise ] Nicholas Rispe 

Kilian van Ranslaer I Sanders Glenn , ^ 

Martin Gerritse [ ^1" Peter Vosbrough I ^ 

Dirck Theunnisse J Gerryt Theuunisse 


Justices in Westchester Countij. 

Caleb Heatlicote Esq-- Judge of tlie Common Pleas. 

James Mott 
Esq" John Hunt , 

W"- Chadderton [ ^^1" 

Thomas Pinkney J 

Benjamin Collier Esq' Sherriffe Joseph Lee Clerk of the County- 

Collectors, Assessors, and Constables elective. 


Joseph Theale 
William Barnes 
Daniel Strange 

Justices in the County of Richmoml. 

Ellis Duxbury Esq' Judge of y* Comon Pleas 
Abraham Cannon . ) ^ Dennis Theunnisse ) 

Abraham Lakeman J ^^ John Shadwell j ^^"^" 

John Stillwell Esq' Sheriff. 

Justices in the County of Ulster. 

Thomas Carton Esq' Judge of the Comon Pleas 
Henry Beeckman I e " Wessell Tienbrook | 

Dirck Shepmers j ®^ Abraham Haasbrough | ^^^" 

Nicholas Antonio Esq' Sherriffe. 

Justices in Suffolk Cou7ity. 

Isaac Arnold Esq Judge of y' Comon Pleas. 
John Howell ] Matthew Howell 1 

Samuell Mulford 
Rich"" Smith 
William Barker 
Josiah Hobbart Esq' Sherriffe. 

^ Ebenetus Piatt V Esq' 

" Thomas Mapes ) 

Justices in Queen's Comity. 

Thomas Hix Esq' Judge of the Common Pleas 
Richard Cornwall | John Smith ] 

Ellias Daughty V Esq'^ Tiio: Stevensant }• Esq' 

Dan: Whitehead j j 

John Harrison Esq' Sheriffe Andrew Gibb Gierke 


Justices in the King's County. 

Stephen Courtlandt Judge of y* Common Pleas 

Roeloffe Martinse 

Nicholas Stillvvell 

Joseph Hegeman 

Henry Filkin 

Gerryt Strycker Esq' Sherriff. 

Dirk Huyle 

^ John Theuuisse 


Peter Cortiliau 
Stoffell Probasco 

■ Esq" 

Dukes County consisting of Nautuckett and Martin's Vineyard claimed by S"" William Phipps, 
the case of Martins Vineyard laid before their IMa"'". 

Orange County not above twenty families, for the present under the care of New York. 

Dutchess County haveing very few Inhabitants committed to the care of the County of 

Surveyors of Higliways, Collectors, Assesors and Constables, are elective throughout the 
whole Province. 

An Account vf all Eslablishm*^ of Jurisdictions uitldn this Provi?ice 

Single Justice. Every Justice of the Peace hath power to determin any suite or controversy 

to the value of fourty shillings. 

Quarior Sessions. The Justices of the Peace in quarter Sessions have all such powers and 

authorities as are granted in a Commission of y' Peace in England. 

County courL The Couuty court or common Pleas hath cognizance of Civil accons to any 

value, excepting what concerns title of land; and noe accon can be removed from this Court 

if the damage be under twenty pounds. 

Mayor & Aldermen. The Court of Mayor and Aldermen liath the same power with the County 


Supreme Court The Supreme Court hath the powers of Kings Bench, Common Pleas & 

Exchequer in England, & noe accon can be removed from this Court of under ^100. 

ciiiiuccry. The Govemour and Councill are a Court of Chancery and have the powers of 

the Chancery in England, from whose Sentence or decree nothing can be removed under ,£300. 

Prerogative Court. The Govemour discharges the place of Ordinary in granting administracons 

and proveing Wills & The Secretary is Register. Tlie Govern' is about to appoint Delegates 

in the remoter parts of the government, with Supervisors for looking after intestates estates & 

provideing for Orphans. 

Court Marshall. Tlic Goverii"' hath established a Court Martiall att Albany whereof Major 

Rich'' Ingoldesby is President and Robert Livingston Judge Advocate who with the other 

comissionated Captains att Albany have power to exercise INIartiall Law being a frontier 

garrison and in actuall warr. 

Admiralty. Their Majesties reserve the appointment of a Judge, Register, and Marshall. 

M. Clarkson, Secry. 


State of the Neio-Yorh Militia. 

[New-York Papers, III. E. 40.] 

A prill llie 21" 1693 
A state of the Millitia in their Majesties Province of New York in America. 


The Millitia of the Citty and County of New Yorke & Orange, connnanded by Coll: 

Abraham Depeyster, being Eight Companys of foot, and one Troop of Horse 

consisting of 477 

The Millitia of Queen's County in y'' Island of Nassaw, commanded by Coll: Thomas 

Willett being nine Companys Foot, and one Troop of Horse consisting of 580 

The Millitia of Suftblke County in the Island of Nassaw commanded by Coll: John 

Young being nine Companies of Foot, consisting of 533 

The Millitia of Kings County in y Island of Nassaw, commanded by Coll: Stephanus 

Van Cortland, being six Companys of Foot and one Troop of Horse consisting of 319 
The Millitia of the County of Albany comanded by Major Peter Schuyler being five 

Compan3's of Foot and one Troop of Horse, now formed into Dragoons by the 

Govern'' consisting of 359 

Tiie Millitia of Ulster and Duchess County comanded by Lieu' Coll : Beeckman being 

four Companys of Foot and one Troop of Horse now made Dragoons, consisting of 277 
The Millitia of tiie County of Westchester, comanded by Coll : Caleb Heathcott, being 

six companys of Foot consisting of 283 

The Millitia of the County of Richmond commanded by Capt Andrew Cannon being 

two Companys of Foot consisting of 104 

In all 2932 

Ben. Fletcher. 

Draft of Commission constit^iting Benjamin Fletcher^ Esquire, Commander-hirCliief 

of tiie Forces of Connecticut. 

[New-York Enlries, III. 29.] 

William and Mary by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, France and Ireland King 
and Queen defenders of the Faith &"= To Our Trusty and Welbeloved Benjamin Fletcher 
Esq"' Captain Generall and Governor in cheif in and over Our Provinces of New York and 
Pensilvania, and our County of New Castle and all the Territories and Tracts of Land 
depending thereon in America. And to our Governor or Commander in Cheif of Our Province 
of New York for the time being Greeting. 

Whereas our Colony of Connecticut in New England by its neighbourhood to our Province 
of New York will be best defended and secured from the attempts of our Enemies, and may 
with most expedition assist our said Province as there may be Occasion during this time of 


Wnrr, by uniting the Forces of our said Colony and Province.^ [And Whereas by Act of 
Parliament made in the thirteenth Year of the Reign of the late King Charles the Second, it 
is declared that within all our Realms and Dominions the Sole and Supream Power, 
Government Command, and disposition of the Militia and of all Forces by Sea and land, and 
of all Forts and places of Strength is of Right belonging to us,] We reposing especiall Trust 
and Confidence in your Prudence Courage and Loyalty have thought it necessary for our 
Service and for the better Protection and security of our Subjects inhabiting in those parts, to 
constitute and appoint, and we do by these presents constitute and appoint you the said 
Benjamin Fletcher or our Governour or Commander in Cheif of Our Province of New York 
for the time being, to be our Lieutenant and Commander in Cheif of the Militia, and of all 
the Forces by Sea and Land within our Colony of Conecticot, and of all our Forts and Places 
of strength within the same. 

And for the better ordering Governing and Ruling our said Militia and all om- Forces, Forts, 
and Places of Strength within our said Colony of Conecticut. We do hereby give and grant 
unto you the said Benjamin Fletcher, and to our Governor or Commander in Cheif of our 
Province of New York for the time being, [to be our Lieutenant and Commander in Cheif of 
the Militia, and of all the Forces by Sea and land within our Colony of Conecticott, and of all 
our Forts and Places of Strength] full Power and Authority to Levy, Arm, Musf Command 
or Employ the Militia of our said Colony and [as occasion shall serve,]^ them to transferr to our 
Province of New York and Frontiers of the same, for the resisting and withstanding of our 
Enemies Pirats and Rebells both at land and Sea, and for the defence of our said Province and 
Colony against the Invasion or attempts of anj^ of our Enemies. And them if occasion shall 
require, to pursue and prosecute in or out of the limitts of our said Province and Colony or 
either of them. And if it shall so please God them to vanquish and being taken either 
according to the Laws of Arms to put to death, or to keep and preserve alive at your 
discretion and to do and execute all and every other thing which to our Commander in Cheif 
of our Militia and of our Forces by Land and Sea doth or ought of Right to belong, as fully 
amply as any our Captain Generall doth or hath usually done. 

And whereas by our Commission under our Great Seal bearing date the 24tli day of 
December in the third year of our Reign. We have constituted and appointed our Trusty 
and Welbeloved S' W™ Phips to be our Lieutenant and Commander in cheif of the Militia, 
and of all the Forces by Land and Sea within Our Severall Colonies of Conecticut Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantation the Narraganset Cormtrey or Kings Province, and our 
Province of New Ham])shire and all our Forts and Places of Strength within the same, with 
the severall Powers and Authorities therein Contained. And whereas for the aforesaid recited 
reasons and Considerations, We have thought fitt to place the command of the Militia in Our 
Governor of New York for the time being. Our Will and Pleasure is. That all the Powers 
Granted to the said Sir William Phips for the Commanding ruling and Governing of the 
ISIilitia within our said Colony of Conecticut; and of all the Forts and Places of Strength 
within the same, do from the Publication of these presents cease and determine. 

And that you the said Benjamin Fletcher and the Governor or Commander in Cheif of our 
Province of New York, shall and may from hence hold execute and enjoy the office and Place 
of Our Lieutenant and Commander in Cheif of the Militia, and of all the Forces by Sea and 

' "Which are daily tbreatned witli an Invasion by the ffrencli" — follows the word "Province" in the official Commission, 
from which the passages within brackets are omitted. Book of Commissions II., 69 — Ed. 

^ "Upon any necessary and urgent occasion during this Warr" — are substituted in the Cominission for the words in the 
text. — Ed, 


Land within our Colony of Conecticut in our Territory :md Dominion of New England in 
America, and of all our Forts and Places of iStrengtb within the same for and during Uur Will 
and Pleasure. 


Ordered the A. Commission beinar to pass under the Great Seal for the Govern' of New York 

Isl May, 1093. ° ^ 

for the time being, to have the Command of the Militia of Conecticut in New 
England for the assistance of that Province. It is necessary that the same be ordered to Pass 
at the Kings charge, the Gover' of New York having no beuelit by it. 

Minutes of the Committee of Trade, &c. 

[ New- York Entries, HI. 43. ] 

Minutes of the Committee of Trade and Plantations y= 12"" June 1693. 

Upon reading a letter to the Earl of Nottingham from Coll: Fletcher Governo"' of New York, 
complaining that the neighbouring Colonies Harbour their Deserters and Rob them of their 
Trade Imposing no duties, and that the Act of Navigation is wholy violated by those outliers. 
Their Lordships recom'' this matter to the Lords of the Treasury, and a Letter to be writt to 
those Colonies from the Conniiittee, that their Majesties Expect the Orders of the Treasury 
herein should be oheyed. 

M' Attorney Generall is ordered to look into the Matter of the Government of the two Jerseys, 
and to consider the Charters of Conuecticutt and Rhode Island and Report to the Committee. 

The Queen to be moved to send Arms and Accoutrements ibr Two Troops of Dragoons to 
New York. 

To know from INF"" Recorder what convicts are in Newgate for Transportation that they may 
be sent to New York to Recruit those Companies. 

Gavernor Fletcher to Mr. Blathwayt. 

[ New- York Entries, HI. 58. ] 


MrLod^ick The Councill have obliged this Gent : Lieuteu' Col : Lodwick to lav the condition 

sent bv the ^ , . . , 

M Acct'of'iS'J* of this Province before the Lords and your self, if you can spare hmi time, he 
Province. .^yjjj g^y. j^^^g ^^^^ . j ^^^ write, and being a long resident here, a man of very 

good principles and strict morralls, he will find credit with you 
No assistance I cauuot promise much assistance to this Province from that of Pensilvania, 

from Pensilviiuia. * i p - i 

I iiave spent some weeks there but never yett found so mucii self conceite they 
will rather dye then resist with Camall weapons, nay they would perswade me their Province 
was in no danger of being lost from the Crown, tfao they have neither, Armes or Amunition, 


nor would they sufFer those few to be train'd who were free for it, their minnutes of Council 
and Assembly which are now Transcribing for you, will appear a farce. 

a Seal for I was at a loss for want of a Provinciall Seal this of New York I could not 

wanted carry witli me, nor would it do, That Province being yet distinct, acting by their 

own Councell and Assembly. I desire you will please to move that a Seal may be sent or 
their Majes" warrant to make this of New York in force for that Province. 
And Great Guns. We shall also waut twenty peeces of Artilery for a Fort with Powder, Ball, 

&"= But I know not whether ever these People will answer so great a Charge to the Crown, 
they will not fight for themselves, nor part with money to such as will do it for them. The 
ne.\t Ship I hope will bring you the perticulers of my Proceedure amongst those people, I am 
now hastniug to Albany having notice that one of our five Indian Nations, are offering att a 
Treaty witii those of Canada. I Kiss your hand and am Sir 

Your most Humble & Obed' &,'' 
New York the 12. June Ben : Fletcher. 


Governor Fletclier''s Instructions to Colonel Lodwick. 

[ New-Tork Papers, III. E. 60. ] 

Instructions from his Excellency Benjamin Fletcher &■= & the Council of New 
York to Lieu' Coll : Lodwick containing what he is to offer to the R' Hon**'^ 
the Lords of the Comittee for Trade and Forreign Plantations. Dated the 
l.S"" June 1693. 

To represent to the Lords Comittee for Forreign Plantations the estate and condition of this 
Province, the burthen and pressure it lies under, how deeply in debt, their treasure exhausted, 
their men wearied out with supporting the frontiers of Albany ; that it is wholy impossible 
longer to subsist unless assisted by tiie neighbouring Provinces both with men & money ; that 
yet notwithstanding Her Maj'^^' mandatorie letters to the several neighbouring Governni" to 
assist this Province, little or no assistance has been given or can be hoped for, through the 
remoteness of some governments and excuses and delayes of others; and that from Pensilvania 
no assistance at all can be expected, they being most Quakers will give no men or money for 
warr, and so long as they are a distinct government and governed by their own Assembly 
notliing can be hoped for unless their Maj"''' shall please to join that government to New 
York ; by which this Province may be able to out vote them. 

And that the annexion of the Jersies to this Province would be greatly advantagious to their 
Maj''"" interest in tiie preservation of these their Majesties plantations in general; for tlint 
this Province lying under sore taxes and pressures, most of the young men and such other 
householders as can any way remove ; depart this province to the neighbouring governments, 
where they are wholy free from tax or any other contribution towards the common security ; to 
the great discouragement of this Province. 

That the Colony of Connecticut is full of people seated near and convenient for the assistance 
of Albany, and our transportation to the frontiers is extream chargeable and uncertain, depending 
on wind & tides for 1-50 miles up in the country ; when they can inarch dry foot in two days 


by laud ; that it would be the greatest safegard to this Trovince if that Colony of Connecticut 
were anexed to this Province, the safety of all New England depending on the security of 
Albany. That if our Canton Lidians, who seem to stagger and are enclined to make peace 
with the French of Canada, through want of those usual supplys and presents which this poor 
Province cannot longer support it self imder, and they should he induced to make up a seperate 
peace, the ruin of the whole country would unavoidably ensue ; and that if the frontiers of 
Albany should happen to be pusht by the enimy, the neighbouring governments cannot hope 
to escape ; for if we loose our Indians, w^ho are our cheifest & cheapest bulwarks 
against the French, we cannot keep less than 1000 men in garrison at the frontiers ; which 
would in one year ruine the whole province to maintain. 

That not only this Province would be exposed to the enimy, but more immediately 
Mrginia and Maryland they having no fortifications, but lying in remote setlements would 
be in continual danger of being cutt of, by very small partys ; whereby their Maj'>' revenue 
would considerably suffer. 

That our neighbour governments are wholy exempted from any impositions or customes as 
are paid att New York ; which greatly discourages the trade of this Province and apparently 
lessens the revenue for the support of their Maj''" interest here ; our niercliapts and traders 
removeing thither. 

That whereas Canada is the chiefest seat of the enimy ; if they were removed, which might 
be done by a joint supply from all these governments, with order and assistance from England, 
would at once free these Plantations from further pressure, and would conduce to the, 
advantage & encouragement of all these Provinces in general, as well as the honour of their 
Maj''" in particular. 

To represent rightly the late transactions of Capt: Leisler, to give a full account of all 
affairs from the beginning, especially since the arrival of Gov'' Slough ter. 

Ben : Fletcher 
NicH : Bayard Chid : Brooke 


W. NicoLL Caleb Heathcote 

St. V. Cortland J. Lawrence. 

William Pmni to Governor Fletcli£r. 

[ New-Tork Papers, rV. 24. ] 

Govern"' Fletcher 

Haveing assurance that a commission goes to thee with this Ship to command my Province 
att least dureing the warr and my absence I thought fitt by the same oppertunity to give thee 
this caution that I am an Englishman and that Country and Governi' of it inseperably my 
property, dearly purchased every way and much indebted to me and my children yett : that 
there is noe Quo Warranto brought nor tryall or judgment judicially past in that Afair, and 
therefore I must impute it to some misinformation given the Lords of the Committee of 
Plantations and an excess of Care in them over the English Tcrrittories. I therefore hope 
Vol. IV. 6 


thou wilt tread softly and with caution in this affair, thou hast formerly discoursed largely in 
favour of free and property principles. I expect a proofs of it in my owne case and that my 
Deputys shal find noe interuption, my Pattent makeing the same Provission for my Deputys 
as If I my selfe were upon the spott and that is my title. The discouragem' it will give y"' 
inhabitants who upon the faith of the Crown went theither. The decay of their infant trade 
(the return of their Ten yeares Wildernesse Toyls and inconveniences) are prevailing 
motives with me to this Request which I recomend to they serious and friendly Consideration 

And am thy 

Real Friend 
London 5"" X."" 92. W" Penn. 

Endorsed Copy of M'' Pen's letter 
to Coll Fletcher dat 
London 5 X™ 92. 

Rec'* 20 Dec. 93 
fro Coll Fletcher 
P : 24 : 

Extracts of William PenrHs Letters to Friends in PliiladelpMa. 

[New-Tork Papers, IV. 23.] 

Extracted from a letter of William Penn to a ceilain person in Philadelphia. 

"For what concerns the Commicon to the Governor of New Yorke to add you to his care 
during the warr and my absence I referr you to Thomas Holme the bearer who is fully 
instructed as alsoe to some other letters of that import, in short insist upon your patent with 
wisdome & moderacon but steddy integrity you are to hear and obey the Crowne of England 
speaking in the language and voice of the law which this is not but sic volo sic jubeo &"= 
doubtlesse upon misadvice of your emulous neighbours that suggests the French will make 
way into the Colonyes by you Sett forth the falshood of it by your singular Scituation by 
land and sea, your hazard, charges, labours and that the Government was your motive more 
than land and that you were a people that could have lived here at home and went not upon 
motives of guilt or poverty and that it will tend to the ruine of the Plantacon which has 
brought and daily brings in more custome to the Crowne than revenue to tbe Government 
there and send this over to Tho: Barker, Phi: Ford, Jos: Martin and Fran: Plumsteed and 
others concerned and both freinds and others of London and Bristoll will deliver your 
representation to the Lords of the Plantacons or to the King and Council if you will but 
protest against any proceeding of the Governor of New Yorke upon his arbiti-ary Commicon 
which as I said before must follow from misinformacon and an excess of care in the Lords to 
preserve the Colonyes from the French " 


By anotlier letter to the freiiuls in Pensilvania' M' Penn writes " to fnide out a liundred 
persons in tlie Couutrey of I'ensilvania eacli to lend liim one hundred pounds witiiout use for 
three years and without any oy"" security than his own bond and promises them tliat williin 
six months at farthest after the receipt of it he will imbarque for that place with all ids 

Some meetings have been about it and It is reported that how much soever they appear 
his freinds they stagger wiieu he comes neer their purses those that are able want better 
security and those that are not (to excuse tliemselves saying they would if they could. 

This account comes to [ns] by letter from Pliilladelphia 

Bex : Fletcher 

Endorsed M"' Penns advice to the Inhabitants of Pensilvania. 

Rec'> 20 Dec: 1693 from Coll: Fletcher 
ReC' 27 Dec. 93 & 2 Feb. 9| 

B: F: 

P: 23 

Thomas Lloyd, Esq., DepuUj Governor of Pennsylvania, to Governor Fletcher. 

[New-Tork Papers, HI. E. 63.] 


The acc° from thee, of yo' success ag' tlie French and Indians their complices, I doe 
thankfully acknowledge to have rec*" & w"' many more congratulate y'' deliverance therein. 
As to the burthen & hard circumstances w"^'' that Colony is represented to lay under in this 
publick undertaking, we can more readily believe then give you relief herein. We may and 
doe comiserate you, but supply you at this juncture we can not. The delegates and 
representatives of the Freemen here have not thought advisable since our Propriet" absence 
to concur to y* raising of any moneys, either towards defraying the requisit expence of 
governm' or the accommodation of our neighb" upon occasion. 

Our Gen" Councel are to meet this week, & when come together they shall have this matter 
before y" but I expect not much if any thing from y', tho' to answer the Provincial Exigencies. 
Thus farr I am serious and plain with thee, but by way of a rehearsal transpos'd, I might 
comically represent unto thee my personall difficulties & domestick circumstance, under this 
station, & so request thy candid consideration & kindness towards me, w™ a governm' hath 
hurthened but not relieved. I hope and unfeignedly desire a sudden supersedeas as to my 
present place, & a quietus herein would be wellcome unto mee. In the mean time I am & 
shall remaine 

Thy well wisher 

Pliiladelph: Tho: Lloyd. 

27. r' m" 1693 

' Dated 4th December, 1092. Memoirs of th^ PenmyUania Historical Society, FV., Part I., p. 202. — Ed. 


Ahstmct of Governor Fletcher''e Letters to tlie Committee of Trade. 

[New-Tort Entries, III, E. *3.] 

Collonell Fletcher by his Letter of the IS"" of August to the Lords Comiss" of 
the Treasury acquaints their Lordships. 

He fears the fleets not proceeding to Canada when heard by the Indians will be the loss of 
them to the French. 

Having appointed a Committee of Councill to Consider the production of Hemp, Pitch, 
Tarr, and Rozin they find. 

Tarr is produced at 12' per Barr" Flax at G'' per pound. Hemp at 4'* per pound no Rozin made. 

That the Quantities are small but the soil agreable to Improvement. 

Governor Fletdier to the Secretary of State. 

[New-Tork Miscell. Bundle. S. P. O.] 

August 15. 1693 
My Lord 

I have not yet received any commands from your Lord^ nor omitted any oppertunity of 
returneing an account of theire Maj"""' affaires in this Prov'^'^ and that of Pensilvania; all the 
minutes of Councell and acts of Assembly, are sent and I hope safe in the plantation Office ; 
because I cannot bee sure duplicates are sent n^w with an account also of my Treaty with the 
Indians att Albany, I am unwilling to burthen your Lord''P with long letters, I have enlarged 
to AP Blaithwaite and humbly beg your Lord?' Couutinance in such things as may appeare 
reasonable for the defence of these Provinces. 

The 8"" instant I received an account from I\r Povej^, by the way of Boston that your 
Lord? had writ by some other vessell of which I heare noething, nor of those papers bee 
mentions as formerly sent; Hee tells mee theire Majesties have given mee the comand of 
Connecticut Mallitia, w"='' will bee of greate advantage to the service, if I can find a way to 
make them raise mony for theire paym'ts ; daly complaints come from the Colony, of the 
arbitrarie Tyranicall proceedings of those Reepublicans ; I wish my Commission weer 
come, I am hard put to it for men att this instant 

My Lord, I shall be now necessitated to make many jornys into Pensilvania and 
Connecticut for which I have noe sallery, and a Seaman dying heer lately his name James 
Gilcrease, without any will or heire, that I can yett heare of ('tho they pretend theer is both) 
if none appeare, his Estate is theire Majesties which if graunted to mee will enable mee the 
better to goe thro' my dewty, I can not tell the vallew, but hee was supposed to bee worth 
five hundred pounds. My Lord, I blush to aske this, but am advised to it, former Governors 
look'd on it as a right, which I can not, I hope your Lord? will pardon mee. 

Sir Francis Wheelers departure with the Fleet from Boston, when wee expected to attack 

Canada startles us all. 

My Lord, I am. Your LordP"' most 

faithful humble and obedient servant 

Ben: Fletcher. 


Govefi'iwr Fletclier to Mr. BluiJiwaijt. 

[New-York Entries, III. 50.] 

New York 15 August .IG93. 

xo money raised in I li.ivo reccivecl 110 Onlcrs froiii Wliiti'liall coucerng this Province, so soon as I 

I'eusilvania lor the iii.i«r- • r^ i/' 1/-1 ci^ -i -t i-i 

(iovemincnL had tlieir Mnjosties Coniands tor the Oovernment ot I'ensilvauia, 1 went thither 

to settle it and tarryed about six weeks could not prevaile with the People to settle a Revenue 
to defray the charge of the Government or to give assistance to New York, they have no 
regard to the Queen's Letter, so that instead of assistance it is like to prove a trouble, so 
The Covenant Con- soon as I retumed I went to Albany to confirm the old Covenant chain with the 
Indians Staggering Indians of the five Nations, from whence lately returned 1 understand 

the French of Canada are gathering in all their strength from their many small Fortifications 
upon the River of Canada, to Quebeqe and Moyall, the Greatest ne.xt the Sea and this Province, 
The French En- And did liberally for a Peace with our Indians, which I have endeavoured to my 

deavour a Peace i-t •! ip />• r-K ^^ . . I 

wth the Indians. Power to hinder, my arm is shortned tor want ot assistance. Count J^rontiniac is 
buissy with his Fortifications at Quebeqe and if lett alone a yeare or to more 'twill require 
an Experienced Officer and considerable force to turn him out. 

If we loose our Indians Virginia Maryland and all our Neighbours will have their hands full, 
£coo sent from I do all I cau to prevent it and write often to tiiem, all the assistance I have 

Vir<^ and ±:300 • n i • • rr i i i i ^- a- i p it- • - i 

from Maryland. reccivcd this year is Bix hundred pounds New lork money from Virginia and 
three hundred pound sterling from Maryland, S'' William Phips will give nothing 
stone Fort wantin" ^ stouo Fort is Wanting at Albany and money to build withall, I have appointed 
at Albany. ^^ ^^j.^^ Wednesday in October next for a meeting of Commissioners from the 

TheComissrsfor Neighbouring Government to Concert and agree upon Quota's of men and money 
meet in octr for the leinforcemeuts of Albany and the Fronteers during the warr, it is doubtfull 

to me if they will come or do any thing to pui-pose. 

If I have not the absolute government of Connecticutt t'will be hard to bring them to any 
thing. The Ketch Alborougli is of no service here being a dull sailor and too small force, for 
the Privateers that infest Our Coast, the Commander Cap: Edward Chant deserves a better, 
a light frigatt of thirty Guns that sails well would be of Service. 

M'' Dudley is gone for England jSP Pinhorne having removed himself and family hither is 
admitted again to the Councill board and is one of the Judges of the supream Court. The 
Revenue is continued but for two Years, notwithstanding my many Endeavours to have it 
settled upon their Majesties for life, I have used many arguments for it but it is to no purpose, 
they told me plainly the burthen is so unequall, it cannot be born, Connecticutt Pensilvania 
The Inhabitants re- and the Jerscys pay nothing and under no duty, Our Inhabitants flee thither for 

move to be Eased . , i j • 

of Taxes. easc and leave us almost destitute. Wee do now muster three thousand men m 

this Province, not many Years ago near five thousand ^ pounds I have disolved the last 
Assembly and called another who are to meet the 7"" of September next, 

K Pensilvania Conecticutt and the Jerseys were in the same Circumstance which is best 
effected by uniting them into one Government the burthen would be light and cause of 
complaint removed. 

' "The Assembly did provide for three hundred at Albany this winter six Thousand" — some such words as these are, by a 
clerical error, omitted in the London MS. Compare Governor Fletcher's letter to the Committee of Trade, post p. 55. — Ed. 



I beg your endeavours for the Province and to procure the Forces I writ for by the Packett, 
the other Publick writings you know best to manage them. I sent M"^ Brooks to Bost: to 
know if S'' Fran : Wheeler had any Comands for me from tlieir Maj" I am 


your most humble & obed' serv' 

Benj: Fletcher. 

Stpp : Coiirtlandt 
Nichs: Bayard 
Peter Schuyler 

Prcypositionfi of tlie Schaghticohe and Five Nations of Indians^ &c. 

[ New-Tork Papers, IV. F. 8. ] 

Propositions made by the Schackhook Indians to the Gentlemen of the 
Council in the behalf of his Excell Benjamin Fletcher Captain Generall and 
Govenio'' in Chiefe of the Province of New-York Province of Pennsilvania 
& Country of New Castle & the Terrytories and Tracts of Land depending 
thereon in America & Vice admirall of the same At Albany the lo"" day 
of June 1693. 

We have been as if in great Darknesse or cloud for some time and now the 
light is come againe the Sunn Shines. 

We return o"' hearty thank's for the presevacon of o'' wives and children in o"^ absence while 
wee were hunting in the winter. Give two bevers. 

Twenty year's agoe wee were received as Children of this Government and have lived 
peaceably ever since under its protection, and seeing severall of o'' people are deteined 
Prisoners in New England upon Suspicion to have killed some of their People at Deerfield 
wee submit the whole matter to the judicious Consideration of his Excell:, Give 3 bevers. 

Our Governo"" is a great man Wee pray that bee would take care for o"" future p'"servac6n 
& since the French are also Potent Let us have our Eyes open and bend all o'' Strength against 
them — Doe give four bevers. 

15 June to 
6 July. 1693. 

Province of New 
York &c 

His Exc61l: Benj 
rietcher &c Coll: 
Steph: Courllanclt. 
Coll; Nich: Bayard. 
Majr Peler Schuy- 

Propositions made by the Maquas Indians to his Excell: Benj* Fletcher Cap' 
Generall & Governo"' in Cliiefe of New York, Pensilvania Si," in Albany tlie 
21"' day June 1693. 

Lord of the Swift 
arrow — A name 
<;ivcn to his Excell: 
for his Expedicioiis 
March to their as- 
sistance wlien Ihe 
French & Indians 

Rode was Speaker. 
Brother Caijenquiragoe 

When o"" Castles were destroyed by the French this Spring you came up very 
speedily for o"" Succour and Reliefe which was extreme acceptable to us & when 
of ^thefr^S'^Ta 1^^^ weut away to New York' 5'ou Promised to come up this Summer and see us 
Feb: 1698 wliicli you liavc doue accordingly Wee are heartily glad to see you for wee 

were afraid wee should never have seen you any more & wee bid you heartily welcome. Doe 
give a Bever Skinn 

Brother Cayenquiragoe 

When you went back to New York this Spring you was pleased to order us to look out and 


keep good Scouts & Videtts whicli Woe have done hy sending a Party out into the Enemyes 
Country who had a small brush with them & gott three Scalp's which being a noisome sight 
Wee doe not thinke it convenient to bring them forth to o"^ brother Cayenqiiiragoe. You and 
wee have done this togeather for the Ammunition and Provision was yours which wee used in 
this execution and wee are joyutly concerned in doeing the mischiefe to the Enemy: doe give 
a bever Skinn. 

Brother Cayeuquiragoe 

Wee must acknowledge that yo' kindnesses to us have been very great' you have supplyed us 
with Provision & Ammunition ever since the Enemy destroyed our Castles Wee earnestly 
desire the continuance of yo' favour & affection toward's us for wee are a mean poor people 
& have lost all by the Enemy. You are pleased to repair o'' Armes, when any of o"' People 
breake their gnnn or hatchett you cause yo"' People to mend them for which wee are very 
thankfull. We could not stay for the other Nations since o"" obligations are greater than theirs 
& wee have received the greatest kindnesses from you therefore wee come first to return 
our thankfull acknowledgment & gave a bever Skin 

Brother Cayeuquiragoe 

Before we knew that o'^ men were deteyned by the people of New England you were soe 
kind to send an Expresse thither for their releasement this is soe particular a kindness and favo'' 
that wee must return o'' thank's in an especiall manner. — When Maj'^ Schuj'ler was at Canida 
with o' people he lost many men. (but the beating of the French that time was the nieanes 
that p'"served us ) Wee have thoughts ever since of supplying the Roomes of those Christians 
who were killed there, with Prisoners taken from Canida but cannot gett such a number. 
Nevertheless haveing one now wee freely deliver him to Caj'enquiragoe as a p''ticular toakeu 
of Gratitude 

His Excellency's Answer. 

I did not expect to see you before the arriveal of the other four Nations but perceiveing you 
are prompted by yo' affection & zeal to the service of the great King & Queen of England & 
gratitude for those mark's of favo' you have received from their Majesties I am heartily glad 
to see you & well satisfyed w"" the service you have done against the French & their Indians 
by which I perceive you have not lost your antient courage since you dare attacque them in the 
face of their Castles. 

I am come up according to my promise to strenghen the Fronteers, to condole the dead & 
give you more markes of their Majesties favC to you but shall differr the giveing of those 
presents uutill the other four Nations are come. I accept the Prisoner from you, & shall be 
always willing that the wair be made w"" honour, & no Prisoners put to death, but in the heat 
of accon unlesse for such crimes as doe deserve it by martiall Law I have sent to New 
England for those of your Nation deteined Prisoners there & hope they will be returned. 

You may always depend upon my readyness to assist you, if you give me such notice that I 
may have time enough to come up to you, You must consider the length of the way it is 1-5U 
miles by water & the journey depends upon the chance of wind & tyde therefore be sure to 
give early notice. 

His Excell gave four & twenty brass kettles for the boiling of their Victualls their fonner 
kettles being destroyed by the French at their Castles in Feb : last also some bread & rum & 
invited the cheife Sachini to dine with himself dismissing the rest. 


July 2^ 1693 about 9. a clock at night The Speaker of the Five Nations with two of the 
Sachims of the Onondages Nation desired a Private coufereuce with his Excell: the Governo"' 
which was granted them. 

Brother Cayenquiragoe 

Wee are glad to see you here and are come to discourse with you in private about matters 
of import. Wee have heard much of a design to subdue Cauida with a fleet — o'' Young men 
are eager & full of heat to make an end of that warr pray tell us the trueth for if there be no 
such thing wee must maunage o"' Youth accoi'dingly 

Brother Cayenquiragoe 

We have often had changes of Governo" here and it was a long time before they could be 
acquainted with o"" Constitution and affair's soe soon as they come to understand us they are 
gone. Wee desire to know how long you will stay Wee would not have you depart. Wee 
know yo'' heart is good, You have demonstrated it by yo'' swift comeing to o'' assistance with 
soe considerable a Force when the French & Indians had made an Impression upon o"^ Mohogs 
Country for which wee return you hearty thank's. Doe Give Seven Bevers. 

His Excell : answered 

The Great King my Master knows best his own time and Season to make an attack with a 
fleet to subdue Canida as yet I have advice of no such design whensoever I shall have notice 
thereof, I shall acquaint the brethren. 

As for my stay liere it must be only dureing my great' Masters pleasure yet doubt not but I 
shall continue soe long as to see Canida subdued. 

A Speech made by his Excellency Benjamin Fletcher Captain Generall & 
Governo'' in chiefe of the Province of New York, Province of Pensilvania, 
Country of New Castle & the Territories and Tracts of I^and depending 
thereon in America & Vice Admirall of the Same. 

To the 

Indians of the Eive Nations vizt Maquaes Oneydes Onondages Cayouges & 
Senekes in the Citty Hall at Albany the S"" day of July 169-3. 


When I saw you in this Place last February I proposed to be here early in the Summer at 
the time the bark would run as you desired. 

In this I was disappointed by the Command's of the Great King & Queen of England &c 
who were graciously pleased to send their Royall mandate requireing me upon reciept of it to 
repair unto Pensilvania and take that Province into their Majesties immediate care & 

I received this commission in Aprill and the execution of it tooke up the remainder of that 
month & all the month of Maye. At my return to New York I found myself indisposed but 
in six day's I was ready for tliis Journey I have taken care to strengthen our fronteers with 
recruites of Christian Soldiers & warlike necessaryes. 

I formerly told you & must tell you again that o'' Enemyes cannot easily hurt us unless you 


are careless and bv j'o"" drunkenness infeeWe yo'' Self's this is a vice Strictly to bo prohibited & 
puiHiisiied it is a greater siiaiiie to iiiarliall men than otiiers it niai\es their Sleep lilse deatii an soe 
they become an easy prey to a watchfull though weak Enemy. Let me therefore desire you 
to be sober & vigilant, then you will be always in a condition to make good yo' ground 'till 
reliefe come or at least to retreat with annes in yo' hands. 

The blow you received last winter is fresh in o' niemoryes you know it came by a Supine 
watchlesse humour of my brethren the Mohaques. You also know I marched into Schenectady 
the same da}* the Enemy was defeated not fnr from it, but that is over Let it caution a'ou for 
tlio future. Could I have joyned you before the Engagement in all humane appearance ver}' 
few if any had escaped. 

In my last Conference with you I told you that some of yo' young men had killed several! 
horses of o'^ neere Schenectady you promised me that Satisfaction should be made & that all 
such Irregular accons should be restrained for the future in which I hope you have taken 
effectuall care. In my way to this place I met Intelligence of a barbarous murder committed 
at Deerfield in New England & that three Indians in allyance with this Government were 
imprisoned there upon Suspicion of the fact. I caused the matter Imediately to be examined 
& have sent two Expresses to New England to give them the best Satisfaction that I can 
gather by such Evidence as appears to me here. Since my arrivall two small partyes of the 
IVfaquaes came in from Canida with some markes of their Success, by which I observe they 
retain' that courage for which they have been soe long famed they brought in one French 
Prisoner which they have p'sented unto me. He informes me that the Enemy lost Eighty 
men of that Party which they had sent last winter to destroy the ]\Iaquaes Castles & that 33 
more wounded were bro' into Mount Royall severall wherof since dyed & that the French 
were upon Quitting all their small Forts to strengthen their great ones & withall that they 
intend to reinforce Cadaracqui. 

I have rec"* an Information as if some of the brethren were wavering and inclined to a peace 
with the Common Enemy I desire to know the trueth of that matter & am assured that such 
thoughts must only arise from the Instigation of the Jesuit Milett which some of the brethren 
have soe long suffered to live amongst them & whose only practice is to delude & betray them 
let me therefore advise you to remove that III person from amongst you. 

I am now come to condole yo' dead & to assure you of the favo' of their Sacred Majesties 
the Great King & Queen of England Scotland France & Ireland &"= and in their Royall names 
as their Serv' and L' here, to renew & confirm' the Antient Covenant Chain' not only in behalf 
of this Province but those of New England Virg" ]Maniand & Pensilvania & as a marke of 
their sacred Majesties Esteem' & valine which they have for yo' Courage & steddy adiierence 
to their Interest & as a Seale of this Covenant Chain which must ever be preserved inviolable 
I brought you p'sents from their Majesties. 

Given them S6 Gunn's 30 Rolls tub" 

146 baggs Powder q' SOO' w"> 5.^ Gross tob Pipes 

800 barrs of Lead 9 doz" of Stockings 

1000 Flints in a bagg 30 Kegs Rum 2 Galls each 

S7 Hatchetts 200 loaves 

4 Gross of Knives 4 Casque of beer 

5 piece duffells 2 bulls besides salt Provisions 
126 Siiirts 

Vol. IV. 6 


This is besides the following p-'sents given to perticular Sachims viz' ^ 

8 laced Coats 4 Gunns 

8 laced Hatts 6 Keggs rumm 

24 Shirts 1 doz° of Stockings 

The answer of the five Nations to his Excell Benjamin Fletcher &'' in the Citty 
Hall of Albany the 4"' day of July 1693. 

Brother Cayenquiragoe 

Wee are involved in a bloody war which causes us to sett in sorrow & griefe & since we are 
about to speake of matters of import we clear the mouth and throat of the Interpretess that 
she may speake o'' meaning plainly & truely to you doe therefore give her three bevers. 

Then haveing repeated some parts of his Excell speech to them Yesterday, sayd. 

Brother Cayenquiragoe 

Wee are much rejoyced that the Great' King & Queen of England doe take Notice of us soe 
fan- as to extend their gracious favours to us by soe considerable a present for which wee 
return o'' hearty thank's & more especially for the Gunns & Ammunition. 

Wee are glad that o'' Brother Cayenquiragoe, renew's & Confirms the Covenant chain not 
only between us & this governm' but also' for New England, Virginia, Maryland & Pensilvania 
which Covenant shall for ever be keept inviolable by all the five Nations as long as the Sunn 
shall shine- Wee pray that o"" brother Caijenquiragoe may have A watchfull Eye that none of 
those Collonyes hold correspondence with tlie Common Enemy but use their Endeavours to 
destroy them. 

Wee heard nothing of that which you proposed Yesterday concerning the Priest Millett 
liveing in Oneyde untill wee came to this Towm'. Wee forthwith made inquiry amongst o-" 
bretheren the Oneydes who told us, there was an Indian sent w*"" Letters to Canida by Milett 
which surprized us verry much. 

Brother Cayenquiragoe 

You are o' great tree whose roots extend's themselves to the Outmost Parts of tlie 
government. Wee desire you may not be disturbed when any of our prisoners who are o' 
slaves doe misbehave tliemselves, for it shall never be countenanced by us but all proper 
method's shall be taken to p-'vent the like misbeliaviour for tlie iuture. 

And in like maun"' Wee begg that care may be taken tliat none of the Prisoner's you have 
do any harm' or correspond with the Enemy as wee suspect was done by Chevaleer Deaux «fc 
tiiat he was sent to Canida with letters by some of o' brethren. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe 

In former times our propositions were quite otherwise o'' discourses w^ere then of Peace & 
giveing of presents to one another but now the case is altered. Our speeches are now of 
nothing but Warr prompting one another to Armes as for o"^ parts Wee are resolved to stick 
close to the Warr to the last drop of o'' blood & altho wee are tossed to & fro' We will remain 
stedfast to the last man according to o"" first Conclusion this Wee acquaint you oif, our Great 
Brother for yo"' own' Satisfaction. 


Brother Cayenquiragoe 

Wee had information in o'' Country that C hrotlier Caijenquiragoe iiad not only received 
Command's from o"' great King' to he Governo"' of Pensilvania Bnt tiiat you were fitting a fleet 
to goe & take Canida this was extream' joyfull News to us & all o'' Youngmen who were to 
be Commanded hy So do garees Sacliim o<' the Senekes, were glad to end the warr at one push to 
.faciliate the fleets success in subdueing that place to remove all our troubles & make an end 
of this blood shed but to o'' great sorrow now Wee hear of noe such designe. 

Brother Cayenquiragoe 

You are the Great flourishing Tree of o"" shelter, that keep's the Covenant Chain bright Wee 
have one request to make which is that you will be pleased to stay with us & not return' to 
England, since you are acquainted with o'' way's & method's & if there be any thing you have 
to acquaint the great' King & Queen withall 30U may write it to them & not goe from us for 
the King knows you to be a wise man & therefore will believe you. 

Brother Cayenquiragoe 

Wee are verry glad y' the Province of Pensilvania is come und"' yo"' government Wee pray 
that you would bring some of their men heither with their Bow's & Arrow's & Hatchetts in 
their hands for this is the place of Action which ought to be defended. 

Wee are glad that the Showannoes who were o"" Enemyes did make their application to you 
last fall for protection & that you sent y™ heither to endeavour a peace with us as also that you 
have been pleased to send Christians along with them to their Country' to conduct them back 
againe wee wish they were come to assist us against the Common Enemy. 

Brother Cayenquiragoe 

Wee begg of you to lett us have a Smith & a gunn stock maker in our Castle to mend our 
armes when they are broakeu. 

Now wee have done only must tell you again' that wee are extreamly glad & roll & tumble 
in joy that o"' Great King & Queen have been pleased to enlarge their favours to us in our 
greatest necessityes & that there is soe much Unity amongst all the brethren. 
Doe give 59 bevers great & small 

Twenty Otters & one otter Coate 

2 Gray foxes 

3 Fishers 
47 raccoons 
17 matters 

1 minke 

One old wilde Catt Coate. 

Albany the d"- of July 1693. 
This evening after the Yonng Indians had ended their sport of killing the two fatt bulls 
which were presented by his Excell with bow & arrow & roasting & Eating, His Excellency 
invited severall of the Chief Sachims & Captains of the most note and bravery on board their 
Majesties Ketch Albrought rideing before the Citty of Albanye & treated them to their 
Extraordinary Satisfaction, upon their desire his Excell gave them account of the success the 
King of England has had against the French King beyond the great lake of the great victory 
which the English fleet obtained against the French the last Summer, with the Perticulers of 


tliat defeat also of a great fight that had been on land wliei-e o'' great King attacked the Enemy 
in their Camp because they would not come out to fight him where many men were slain on 
both sydes but that there is noe news yett of this Summers action. 

His Excell did encourage them to manifest their valour & courage against the Common 
Enemij as their Ancestors have done, reminded them of the Priest Millet that they must 
expect that all their designes will be destroyed soe long as he is kept amongst them, & therefore 
advised them speedily to remove that dangerous Person. — His Excellency also bid them be 
miudfuU of w' he sayd to them & true to the Covenant they have renewed which they all 
promised to observe & keep inviolable whereupon as a seale thereunto his Excell ordering 
the fireing of five gunns which they answered with the like number of shouts. 

It was Perticularly observed that Odongaowa the long Oneyde who was the only suspected 
Indian and the most Perticuler friend of the Jesuiet did rise up & sing a song of warr (which 
after their way is the same with a vow) that he would now presently goe & fight the French 
praying Indians of Canida & promised further to His Excell that he would take perticular care 
that no' letters from Canida should come to the Priests hands but would have them secured at 
their first comeing & sent down to his Excellency to be readtliat the poison may be discovered 
which is hid therein whereupon they went on shoare with great satisfaction. His Excell 
ordered them a salute of five Gunns which they answered with soe many shouts after their 
wilde manner. 

Albany the 4"' July 1693 
His Excell sent for the Sachims of the five Nations to have private conference & sayd, 


It is high time for you to goe home to yo'' Castles & see they be secured from all attempt's 
of the Enemy I design to goe to New York' to take charg' of that Trust the Great King my 
Master hath reposed in me but I must tell you before Wee part that I cannot but take notice 
that you have omitted the answering these three proposalls which I made to you the day 
before yesterday. 

First about the horses which yo'' young men killed I doe hear of no' Satisfaction yet made 
but complaints come to me every day of things of this nature. 

Then relateing to the Priest Millett at Oneyde whom the bretheren of Oneyde doe still 
harbour among them I must tell you again' that he betrays you & all yo' Councills, and that 
you may see that I desire not to deminish yo"" Number I am willing to give you a Pretty 
Indian Boy in Liew of the Old Priest and accordingly the boy was brought and delivered them. 

And then concerning the two Expresses that I sent to New England about those two Indians 
deteined in Prison there upon suspicion of the murder Committed at Deerfield. 

The Sachims of the five nations answered 

Brother Cayenquiragoe 

Wee forgott that Article concerning the horses but shall take care that whoever kills any 
horses or cattle belonging to the Christians the Person or p''sons offending shall make 
satisfaction for the same. 

As for tlie Jesuit Milett the Oneyde Sachim said he would perform his promise relateing to 
that matter which was that as soon as the Indian Messenger did return' from Canida all 


the letters and papers should be tiikcn from him mid lortlnvitli brought to o' brother 
Cayenquiragoe before the Priest shall see them, I am willing to take the boy in exchange for 
the Priest but the Priest must stay at Oneyde till the return' of the messinger from Canida 
I desire the Boy may stay here untill' wee bring the Priest which shall be as soon' as the sayd 
messenger return's. 

Wee are very thankful! to you o'' Great' brother Cayenquiragoe for the sending two Expresses 
to New England about that accident at Deerfield and o' people imprisoned there wee doubt 
not but in a short time it wnll be made appear' that the Canida Indian's have committed tliis 
murder, And the Brethren of New England who are in Covenant with us must have patience 
till such cases can be found out. We doubt not but the Governo"" of New England is a man of 
that prudence & conduct who will not be soe hasty since it cannot be long undiscovered. 

Brother Cayenquiragoe 

We acquaint you that it is proposed by all the five Nations to make Peace witii the 
Dionondadees a Nation of Indians that are in allyance with the French of Canida which will 
strengthen us and weaken the enemij, the iSinekees who live neerest to them have undertaken 
to effect this business and doe take presents of Wampum from the rest of the Nations to 
confirm the peace. Wee desire yo' Concurrance in the matter and that as you are o' Eldest 
Brother you send tokens also and receive them into the Covenant Chain'. 

Whereupon his Exccll replyed that he approved of their proposalls and was willing they 
should proceed to make peace with the Dionondades and for that purpose gave them a belt of 

Whereupon the Indians gave five shoiit's 

Albany the 5"> of July 1693. 

His Excell after the private conference this morning did further Recommend to the Chief 
Sachims and Captains of the five Nations the necessity of their Speedy return' to their severall 
Castles there keeping continuall Scouts to observe the Enemyes motion. — It is reported they 
are drawiug up their forces towards Cadaracqua ( which is their uppermost fort upon the lake 
deserted by them about four years agoe), That his Excell did not know whether the Enemyes 
designe was to make an attempt against the Uppermost Nation the Onoudages, Cajouges, & 
Senekes or upon the lowermost the Maquaes & Oneydes did recommend to them to joyn the 
forces of the Uppermost Nation's as it was formerly agreed to if attacqued promiseing to take 
care of the lowermost Nations if his Excell have but timelye Notice of their approach as he 
did last winter. 

His Excellency wished them a safe return' and good success in all their undertakings against 
the Commou Enemy assureing them of the Great King & Queens favo'' nothing doubting but 
that all of them as men of courage & honour will stick close to their Majesties Interest as tliey 
have alway's don' since the first Settlement of this Country equall to their Promises & the 
Covenant Chain which they have now renewed, and bid them farewell. 

Whereupon the Speaker of the five nations in behalf of them returned hearty thank's for 
his Excell great favours & his care for their Safety assureing his Excell that they would strictly 
observe his Comand's & by their future boldness and behaviour against the Enemy manifest 
their true affection & zeal to his Excell person & government & thereupon made five Shouts & 
took leave. 


His Excell haveing a Private acco' of the Great Services of Perticuler Sachims and Captains 
of this Governm' sent for them to his cliamber apart commended their bravery repeated his 
former recommendation, & presented them by his own' hand's with fashionable laced Coat's & 
hatt's & severall other presents suitable to their Services which they rec** as a more perticuler 
sign' of his Excell speciall favour repeating their former vows & soe departed with signes & 
expressions of perfect satisfaction more than ever was observed in any former treaty. 

His Excell Speech to the River Indians att the Citty Hall of Albany the 6"" of 
July 1693. 

Children. This is the first time I have seen you since my comeing to the government 
though j'ou are seated nere this garrison & derive yo"" protection from it. 

I have now sent for you to lett you know what part of yo'' conduct & behaviour I like and 
what I dislike, some of you have done well & like valiant Soldiers in joyning with the five 
Nations to attack the Enemy in Canida this deserves commendation. 

But on the other hand its very unlike Soldiers and dutyfull children to draw out the whole 
force of yo'' Castles to hunt leaving yo'' weomen & children exposed to the accidents of 
hardships which attend a Country ingaged in warr against soe watcbfuU an Enemy as this is. 

For the future you must give Notice & have permission to goe on these occasions & take 
care to leave a sufficient force behinde you. 

There is another stupendous folly you are guilty of when your hunting is over you'll set 
down' nere some place where in a few day's you drink out what has cost you the labor of some 
month's & then come home beggars as you went, the evill consequence of this appeared lately 
imto you at Deerfeild & I hope will caution you for the future but I must advise you that from 
lienceforth you bring all the effects of yo'' hunting into yo'' own' Country, which by prudent 
managem' will support you the rest of the year'. 

1 am informed the Enemy comes in small party's & doe mischief here killing some takeing 
others captive it's o' duty & will be yo'' honnour to send out Partyes to cleer the wood's and 
knock such on the head & for yo' encouragement you shall receive a reward of fifty Shillings 
for every head you shall bring in which is killed within three miles of this garrison or 

I now renew the Covenant with you & take you imd'' the Protection of the Great' King & 
Queen of England ifc"" and expect you will endeavo"' to deserve the favo"" of their August 
Maj''"'' by yo'' strict adherence to this Covenant and yo'' due obedience to all the directions & 
command's of my self or others their Majesties Governours of this Province 

Gave some Presents 

The answer of the River Indians to his Excellency the G"' of July 1693. 
interpreted by Robert Sanders. 

Wee tlianke you for yo'' great' care over us & wee shall observe all yo'' dirpctions & 
Command's now given us. You are that high tree und'' whose branches wee shelter whereby 
our old men weomen & children have been protected in o'' absence from the late incursion of 
the French o'' Common Enemij, Wee shall not for the future go abroad a hunting or against 
the Enemij w"'out leaveing a sufficient guard, Wee will make frequent round's from this Citty 


on both sydes the River to discover the sculking Enemy & doubt not init o"" youngmen sliall 
receive the promised reward when tliey bring in the heads of those lurking foxes. 


Wee give our hearty thank's for sending two expresses to New England on o"" behalf. Wee 
assure you that wee are Innocent of the miscliefe done at Deerfeild & soe are likewise 
those I'risoners that are there in Custody beieive us o'' hearts are good and wee desire only to 
live und'' yo' protection in peace & quietness. 


Wee return' you also o'' hearty thank's for renewing and makeing bright that covenant chain' 
wee will alway's Oyle and greeze it that it shall ncu'cr Kust but be kept inviolable with you o'' 
father and with all the brethren of New England Mrginia Maryland & I'ensilvania and 
thereupon presented his Excell with half a belt of Wampum. 

M: Clarkson Secry 
(Endorsed) New York An 1693 

Account of severall passages of the treaty of his Excell Ben: Fletcher Cap' 
Generall & Govern"" of New Yorke &" with the Indians of tiu; five Nations in 
June & July 1693 
Rec'' 26 Septemb'' 1693 from Coll: Fletcher. 

Major Pete)' Sclmyler to Governor Fletcher. 

[Xcw-Yurk Papers, IV. F. 11.] 

May it please your Excellency 

Last night about Eight a Clock Jurian the Maquase whom T had sent to Onondage with some 
River Indians to get the certainty of the late news of the French conieing upon the 5 Nations 
arrived here & said it was all stories; But he had letters from Canida the Jesuits messeinger 
being returned two daj's before he came to Oneyde, I w-as in hopes the Oneydes according to 
their promise had taken the Packet before it had come to the Jesuits hand & soe sent it hither 
but perruseing the Superscription found there were two letters directed to D° Dellius the one 
from the Jesuit himself the other from the Superior at Canida I asked why the}' did not take 
the letters & send them heither as yo"" Excell had commanded but Jerian tells me the Jesuit 
hath as great authority in Oneyde as any Sachim of them all & rules the roast there soe that 
little good can be expected so' long as they are guided by our Enemy, yo"" Excellency will 
perceive what the French would be at by the sayd two letters to D"" Dellius w* I beieive are 
writt by the Gov"' of Canidy's Induction Therefore I shall not need to comment upon 
them. I thought this business of such moment that I was once in the minde to come down' & 
waite upon yo"" Excell for advice but feareing other accidents might hapi)en in the meane time 
I have perswaded D" Dellius & M"" Livingston to goe down' express & waite upon yo' Excell to 
give you a full Information of the businesse I need not inlbrme yo' Excell how weary the five 
Nations are of the Warr nor of what bad consequence it is to have such a gen" meeting at 
Onondage devised by the French to divert them from annoying his terrytories or makeing any 


incursions upon liis fronteers this Season, Or probably to spinn out time till he be ready to 
make some attacqiie upon them or us, Since I presume he dare not leave Quebeck for the 
present. It is without all doubt he has some great design' that he is so' earnest to make a 
peace with the 5 Nations or else it must be very low with him if soe its a pitty our fleet 
should slip the oppertunity. Jurian tells me the messenger at Oneyde braggs much of his 
strength, of their fortifications at Quebeck, number of men fj'reing morter peeces & such 
stratagems. I was once resolved to send Jurian the messenger back againe to disswade them 
from any meeting (which will not be effected without difficulty) being only invented by the 
French to amaze them & withall to Incourage them to prosecute the warr against Canida with 
all vigor as they engaged to yo' Excell but thought fit first to acquaint yo"' Excell & waite yo"" 
Excell Command's which I pray may be dispatched as soon as may be, for I keep Jurian here 
till yo'' farther ord'' I have nothing to add but that I am 

Yo'' Excell most obed' Serv' 
Albany 2-5 July 1G93 Petek Schuyler. 

in the Eveninge. 

A true Copy 
(signed) M: Clarkson Secry 

(Endorsed) Maj'" P. Schuyler. 

Intelligence July 25"' 93 

from Albany 
Rec"* 26 Sept : 1693 
from Coll: Fletcher 
B: F: 
P: 11: 

Reve>'end Claude DaUon to the Reverend Godfredms Dellius. 

[ New-York P.ipors, IV. F. 9. ] 

From Quebeq in Canida the first of July 1693. 

Father Milett who is among the Indians at Oneyde a prisoner has let me know the bounty 

you liave for him and the charity which you have exercised towards him by the presents 

which you have made to him in his necessity I pray God with all my heart to recompence you 

which doth not hinder that I find myselfe obleiged to return to you my acknowledgements by 

this letter and to assure you if I could render you any service here or elsewhere and if there 

was anything in the countrey of Canida which was agreeable to you it would be great 

satisfaction to me to demonstrate how much I am sensible of the benefits you have bestowed soe 

graciously upon that poor ffather. I presume still to desire you S-' to continue if possible to 

assist him in his necessity & I will order you satisfaccon in what port of France you please 

either ii( Rochell or elsewhere where you can have a correspondence and to let me know it eitlier 

by the same father INIilett or any other way for I shall spare nothing of what is to be payd for 

that which you shall be pleased to furnish him with it will be an augmentation of the 


goodnesse you have towards him and ohleige me to acknowledge the same more and more 
before God expecting the same occasion may p^sent to manifest by the effects that I am witli 

all my heart due respects & possible gratitude 


¥"■ most humble & most 

Obedient Serv' in our Lord 
To Monsieur Claude Bablin.^ 

Monsieur Godevridus Deliius Supcriour of the Jesuits of Canida 

^ At Albany 

Reverend Fatlier Milet to the Reverend Mr. Dell'ms. 

[New-York Papers, IT. F. 9.] 

Oneyde 31"' July 1693. 
S' the peace of Jesus Christ 

I ad these few lines to the letter which our Reverend Father the Superiour hath write to yon 
which is to advise you that Tarriha my brother and hospes (who was gone to Canida as the 
Oneydes did signify by a belt of wampum which was sent to Albany) is returned he brings 
with him a collarr of wampum accompanyed with a letter by which the Count of Frontiniac 
Govern"' of Canida doth declare to us that it is none of his fault that the whole world and 
above all the Iroquis Indians (being the five Nations doe not come to a peace altho' he is in a 
condition more than ever to resist his Enemyes and annoy them when he shall see cause. 

He hath put a stop to all the fighting partyes who joyned together and were ready to depart 
upon their severall designs and he himselfe as was said to be upon the way and above Mount 
Reall has promised to Tarreha not to proceed till the term of two months be expired that he 
lett him. Moreover he invites all the Iroquois Indian Nations to send each two Deputyes to 
treat with him of means to procure a peace w'^'' the Christians of Oneyde have desired of him. 

He promises an intire assureance to the said Deputyes in comeing and goeing lett the issue 
be what it will. 

You shall if you please let all your Gent know the whole premeses that they may not on 

their parts hinder or obstruct the great good of a peace which is wished by all people of good 

inclinations aswell as by the Christians of Oneijde who doe pray all the world to make it 

tlieir interest to assist and favour them in soe pious a designe f am with my heart and respect 


Yo"" most humble & most 

Obedient Servant in Our Lord 

PiETER MiLETT of the Company of Jesus. 

The Oneydes causes me to add that the young Indian boy be not brought them which they 
would have given them at Albany but that some body may be brought to them who 
imderstands the Scriptures well. 

Juriaen the Maquas being come here with some River Indians to informe himselfe of the 
present affaires he has understood by Tarriha that the Indians of Canida have brought nine 

' Claude Dablon. — Ed. 
- Vol. rV. 7 


scalps from towards Boston ami that Sajatese and Onontaquirott are named to be the heads of 
that party who have done this fact soe that he beleives that the Maquaes & River Indians wlio 
are put in prison at Pekamptekook are wrongfully accused and he and the other Indians 
complain that they are scandalized by false suspicions and that they are alsoe calumnized as 
we see now that the letters were which were sent to Onondage 3 or 4 years agoe of which 
was said quite contrary things than the letter did import. Wherefore they desire me to add 
that nothing may be altered in the last letter which they cause me to write. I have read the 
same before the French that are here and keep a copy of it and all shall be examined in the 
meetino- that is to be held at Onondage. I would add more things to this but time will not 
permitt. 1 am a servant of the English and am ready to sacrifice my selfe for them if they 
would only let me know wherein I can serve them. 

The Reverend Father Lambervalle writes me from Paris that he see M"" Nelson there who 
was taken prisoner towards Boston he says likewise in short of rae that I am a servant of the 
English and that if they know us they would not mistrust us as they declare they doe. I am 
obleiged to them that they have declared they have wished to see me released from that 
imprisonm' of the Indians but it seems it is God that keeps me there and I beleive that none 
but he can deliver me I alsoe comfort myselfe in my imprisonment that I am a prisoner of 
Jesus Christ. 

I pray again that the English Gentlemen would remember that I have formerly contributed 
to the sending home of seven English who were prisoners there they passed all throw Albany 
and among the rest two young children who were cloathed in black of my own cJoaths their 
mother told me if ever I came to Virginia or Maryland that she would come tenn miles to meet 
me — the last that was sent was a young girle which the Annastogus had brought prisoners 
here for which Maj' Andros who was then Governor of New Yorke did promise four Indians 
women. I am not in the least thanked hitherto for it probably he was gone to England when 
the girle was sent back. Be it as it will We expect noe reward but from God I say this only 
to witnesse that I am a Servant of the English Gentlemen & its known in Canida and in France. 

I add this to that it is the same Count de Frontiniac who sent formerly twenty English 
throw Albany back to Boston and that he took the hatchett from the River Indians who had 
taken them prisoners I knew that the Envoys who conveyed them were received with 
trumpetts sounding at Boston and well treated during the 6 dayes they were there &^ 

From whence is it then that the troubles doe continue soe long and that it is refused to 
hearken to a good peace which would prevent the killing and murdering of the people as is 
now done. 

The innocent suffer with the guilty 
A true Copy 

(signed) ]M: Clarksox Secry 

Endorsed N. York 169-3. 

The Copy of the translation of a letter from IMilett Jesuite prisoner at Oneyde 
one of the free Nations of Indians & anoy"' from the Superior of Canida M' 
Godfry Dellius Minister of Albany &' 
Rec<* 20 Sept : 1693 
from Col' : Fletcher. 


Gaoenior Fletcher to the Sachims of tlie Five Nations. 

[ Now-Tork rapcre, IV. F. 2S. ] 


I am .strangelj' surprized thai iiotwitlistaiidiiig the solemnie vows latly made at Albany when 
wee Reuewed the ancient covenant cliain you promised to keep briglit and clean soe long as 
the sun sliall shine after all this the Oneydes should receive a Belt of peace from the Governour 
of Canida and propose a meeting of the Sachinis of the Five Nations Maliikanders & Christians 
with seaveu hands of Wam[>uni, to consider of an answer thereunto They should not have 
defiled their liands by touciiiiig of it, 'twas there Duty to have sent it with the Packett of 
Letters inunediatly luilo me and to have delivered that old Preist in Exchange for the young 
boy according to their promise. 


You know Albany hath always been the antient place of treating when the Showanno' came 
to New Yorke to make peace I would not hear them speak untill they went to Albany and the 
brethren were present. 

I have often told you that the Preist Milett would betray all your Councills soe long as he 
lives amongst you which lujvv plainly appears for he hath refused to deliver tlie pakett froni 
Canida to be sent uu,to me least the poison should be discovered. 


Since it is manifest that it is by means of that Jesuite Milett that the Brethren of Oneyde 
are soe farr deluded as to receive the belt of Wampum hold correspondence with your and 
our enemy & propose a meeting at Onondage to consider of an answer to that jioisonous belt 
all which defiles the covenant chain I doe e.xpect that you will abhor tlie thoughts of consenting 
thereunto and for a further testimony of yo'' inocencj' in this matter cause the old priest Milett 
with all his papers to be sent unto me according to the promise and agrement that our peace 
and quiet and the unity amongst the brethren which hath continued soe long, may not now be 
broaken & disturbed by his means but flourish while the sun shines. 


If the Governour of Canida had proposed first peace to me I should have sent for you to the 
wonted place of treaty at Albany and made you acquainted therewith, and unlesse I doe advise 
you thereof you are not to hearken to the Governour of Canida or any other not to hold any 
correspondence without my knowledge & consent if you observe the covenant chain. 

You know I have been ready to come to your assistance and am not afraid of any force 
which the Governo' of Canida can send I am still true & stedfast to my promise and will 
continue to give you all the protection and assistance which is needfull soe long as you prove 
stedfast to the antient covenant chain. 

I am yo'' freind and elder 
Fort William Henry Ben Fletcher 

the SI"" of July 1693 Caijenquiragoe 

To my brethren the principall Sagamakers 
and Sachims of the Five Nations of Indians 
belonging to the Province of New Yorke. 

A true Copy M : Clarkson Secry 


(Endorsed) Copy of a letter sent by his Excell Ben: Fletcher Govenio'' of New Yorke to 
the five Nations of Indians in that Province in p''vent their being deluded to 
joyne tlie French in Canida the 31"" July 1693. 
Recd20 Dec: 93 
fro: Coll: Fletcher 
B: F: 
P: 28: 

Abstracts of Gomvnor Fletchei-'s Letters to the Committee. 

[New- York Entries, III. 48.] 

CoUonell Fletcher by his Letter to the Committee of the 18"" August 1693 
acquaints their Lordships. 

That pursuant to her Maj'" Commands he put a stop to Proceedings upon the Recognizances 
taken from Persons concerned with Leisler, but severall of them had been Estreated and tlie 
money desposed of for the support of the Government, which the Parties concerned desire 
may be restored to them for which he has no order, nor can the money be spared, the 
Government being already Considerably in Debt. 

^ ■» » »■ > 

Governor Fletclwr to the Secretary of State. 

[ New-Tork Miscellany Bundle, S. P. O. ] 

New York August IS"- 1693. 
My Lord 

The want of a seale for the Province of Pensilvania is some obstruction to theire Maj"" 
affaires theer, I cannot legally make Judges, Justices, Sherrifs or pass any graunts theer which 
will bee valid. The annexing this Prov" to New Yorke will heale that sore, otherwise I 
humbly begg a seale may bee sent. 

Some Quakers who have acted in the Gov' by M'' Pen's Comission and are very fond of 
Lording it over theire bretheren, are now sending theire DelHgates to Court in hope to gett 
ftp Pen restor'd or themselves impower'd to Act, or at last if these faile they desire to bee 
under the Govern' of Mary Land ; these have all declined to Act under theire Majesties 
Comission ; M'' Tho : Lloyd late Gov"' under M'' Pen, I observed creep away when hee sawe 
mee order theire Majesties Comission to be publish'd, yett I sent for him presently after, and 
offered him the first place at the Councell Board, well knowing hee would not accept it; I 
tooke care theer should not want witness of his oppinion, who express'd theire senc of his 
pride, as they had before dureing the tyme of his acting as Governor. 


The others are less people : David Llojd, Tho Duckett, John Simcock, Grillith Owiii, 
John Bristow, but they have all as much as in theire [power] lay endeavired to bafFell my 
eudeaviors in that Prov" for theire Majt'" service. 

1 received an address from the peaceble and well affected freeholders, and inhabitants of the 
Towne and County of Philladelphia sigu'd by one hundred and odd hands (W'' I send) 
acknowledging theire Majesties favor, and the other Countys 1 heare are sending addresses of 
the like nature, by w'^'" your Lord'' will see these, who will trouble you, are only a faction. 

I have by a shipp the Happy Jane sent your Lord? an account of my proceedings theer with 

the names of the Officers ettc, the minutes may bee divertive if your Lord"" can spare tyme to 

reade them. 

My Lord, I am your Lord? most 

humble, faithfull and most obedient servant 

Ben Fletcher. 

Memorial of Colonel Lodwlch to ilie Lords of Trade. 

[New-Tork Entries, HI. 50.] 

To the Right Honble: the Lords Committee for the ibrreign Plantations 

Charles Lodwick on the behalf of his Exellency Benjamin Fletcher their 
Majesties Governor and Council of the Province of New York in America 
most Humbly layeth before your Lordships the present State and Condition 
of that Province. 

That the Burthen and Pressure it lies under being deeply in Debt, their Treasure being 
Exhausted their men wearyed out with continuall Guarding the Fort of Albanj-, which forces 
them to leave their private affairs and neglect their Husbandry, whereby great quantities of 
Corn has been usually produced and yearly carried out for the sustinance of the Sumer 
Plantations and the Indian Trade being wholly stopt which is the only maintenance of the 
Inhabitants of Albany, for want of which Trades and continual charge of the warrs without 
the assistance of the Neighbouring Provinces it is altogether impossible for them longer to 
support themselves against the French. 

That not withstanding their Maj" Lett" IMandatorie to the several Governments to assist 
this Province lettle or no assistance has been given or can be hoped for through the remoteness 
of some. Governments and Excuses and delays of others. 

That Pensilvania being most Quakers will give no men or money for warr unless they were 
joined to the Government of New York, by which that Province may be able to out vote 

That this Province lying under heavy Taxes and Pressures, most of the young men and 
those that can any way remove, depart this Province to the neighbouring Government where 
they are v^-holly free from Tax or any other Contrybution towards the Common Security, to 
the great discouragement of this Province. 


That the Colony of Comiectieutt is full of People, seated near and convenient ior the 
assistance of Albany and our Transportation to the frontiers is extream Chargeable and 
uncertain dependhig on wind and tides for a hundred and fifty miles up the Country, when 
they from Connecticutt can March in two days by Land. 

That our Canton Indians who seem to stagger and are inclinable to make peace with the 
French of Canada through the Want of those usual Supplies and presents which hath Yearly 
lost this Province about Seaven hundred pounds will henceforth during the warr require double 
that sum which this Poor Province can not long supply. 

That should these Indians be induced to make a Sepperate Peace, the Fort of Albany and 
the whole Country would unavoidably be lost, and with them our Indians who are Cheif 
Bulwarks irrecoverably fall to the French and become Our Enemies. 

By which means not only this Province would be Exposed to the French, but more 
Imediately Virginia and Maryland they having no Fortifications but lying in remote 
Settlements, would be continualy exposed to the Ravages of very small Parties, and be in 
great danger of being lost. 

Wherefore the Governor and Council humbly pray your Lordships that the Stores they have 
desired for the Supply of the Garrison at New York and Albany, may be sent thither as soon 
as may be. 

That four Companies of Foot may be sent to reinforce those Garrisons and maintained at 
the charge of their Majes" there during this Warr. 

That Conecticutt New Jersey and Pensllvania may be added to the Government of New 
York thereby to strengthen that Province being the Frontier of all the North Parts of America 
against the French. 

That some money may be sent thither yearly during the warr towards the necessary charge 
of Presents to the Indians. 

That all the Governments upon the Continent may be ordered to contribute proportionably 
in Men and Money for the defence of Albany during the Warr. 


Abstract of Governor Fletcher'' s Letter to Mr. Blatlnoctyt. 

[Ncw-Tork Entries, HI. 90.] 

Coll : Fletcher in his Letter of O"" of October 1093 to M' Blathwayte writes. 
Kxisfroni That his Maiesties Order directed him to discharge all Recognizances and 

CcilUinel Fli'lclicrs '' , j 

L.ikrioMrB Procecdiugs upon Leisler, Commanding the Fort c&% which he supposed a 

about p'sons under o a o a -^ 

r™S8tinK ''"'"' warrant for opening the Prisons which he did and studiously endeavored to 
Leisler. accomodate the heats he found between the Parties. Severall of y'= Prisoners 

being under sentence of death, he advised them to make application for their Pardon and 
ofTered his Interest to procure it ; but they continue positive not owing their liberty a favour 
or departing from the Justification of their Crimes. But on the Contrary some of them stood 
and were Elected of the Assembly which he could not .suffer, this they say is setting up the 


Arbitrary Power, tlic otlicr Parly say it is no less to releive tlicm, lie Iiopcs lie sliall be 
warranted for tlie release of the Prisoners, and desires they may be pardoiid or Executed, 
they will not own a crime but persist that what they did was for King William and Qneen 
Mary, Yet he would willingly heal the wound and desires directions in it. 

The names of the Persons under Condemnation 

Gerardus Beeckman Johannes Vermillies 

Mendert Courteen Abraham Brazeer 

Thomas Williams Al)raham (ioverneur 

he was like wise convicted of Murther for which he had also sentence of death. 


Governor Fletcher to the Committee of Trade. 

[Ncw-Tnrk Entries, III. 69.] 

May it please your Lordships 

(he Commissi! Their Maies" Ship the Richmond Cant : John Evans Commander arrived at 

lor Coinil of J 1 1 

the Miiiiiu Sandy point the first Insant I have received the Commission for the Command of 

of ConneeticuU .' i 

received (^j^p Militia of Connecticut Colony, which I shall observe and one hundred and 

twenty Anus for Dragoons which may be Serviceable upon a Suddain attack. 

Eeeniitsor I am advised Count Frontiniac Govern"' of Canada hath gott 500 men and 

men & 8lores 

at Canada. tecruits of Stores of warr Artillary &"= this Summer from France I expect he will 

trouble us this winter with a greater Force then in February last, their design (as we 
understand it here) is at least [to] Compell our Indians to a Peace, Our Indians are l:)ecoine very 
weary of the Warr and inditterent to us, it is plain they cannot continue long neutrall. 
The Indians S"" Fraiicls Wheclcr coming to Boston with the Squadron of Ships and doing 

(liseourii^ed hy i i o 

\vheei"ra'doin" uothing hatli ahiiost quite discouraged them, the French outbid us in presents but 
nothing. have not yet prevailed, Our Indians upbraid Our neighbouring Colonies with 

Sloath and Cowardice, the lirst nation of our Indians called Mohaques are mostly distroyed by 
A French the War, soiiie of them run over to Canada, a French Jesuit (Milett) who has 

.Tesnit anionfj 

the Indians. been many years a Prisoner amongst the Oneyds, hath gott such Interest with 

that Nation and the other three, they cannot be prevailed upon to surrender him tho' I have 
proferr'd a Sum of money and an Indian Boy in E.xchange for him, and promised not to hurt 
his Person that Jesuits turning doth much harm to our Indians, I am resolved to remove him 
if possible. 

theMuitianotsooo The Province of New York is hardly circumstanc'd at present we do not now 

farauies removed mustcr 3000 Militia formerly five thousand; more Families are dayly removing 

for Pensilvania and Conecticutt to be eased from the Taxes and detatchments, 

^''•''T? .„ The Assembly have provided for 300 men to be at Albany this winter, (too small 

raised for Albany ./ r J \ 

a number by half to Justify fronteers ) and ^GOOO to defray the charge of one 
TheEevemie year, to expire the first of May of next The Revenue doth not defray the charge 
cannot e ray it. ^^ ^^ Goverumeiit the Warr augmenteth the incidentall charges, there are other 


funds for support of Albany cheifly by Taxes since the arrivall of the late Governor Slotighter 
the Frontiers have cost this small Province about .£20,000 which lyes heavy upon the Inhabitants. 
Pursuant to their Majes" Commands to the Govern" of their severall Colonies and Provinces 
upon the Main of America, I have wrote to desire a Commissioner may be appointed from 
each to meet at New York on the fourth of October instant to concert and agree of a Quota of 
men and money from each Colony and Province for the defence of the Frontiers during the 
Present Warr, S'' William Phips hath given a denyall, notwithstanding their Majes" possitive 
Commands as may appear by the Copy of iray Letter to him and his answer. S"' Edm"* Andros 
hath sent one, none came from Maryland, Pensilvania deny the carnall sword, nor will they 
dip their money in blood, they add nothing to us but trouble being a distinct Government and 
The comissionera J^ Plurality Quakcrs, Connecticutt hath sent a Commissioner, I find nothing will 
me™t "bfit'irolhinl be douc, those who are here pretend they cannot proceed to adjust a Quota 
vdthout other Commissioners, which when it will happen 1 cannot divine, since 
some have the boldness already to give deniall to their Majes'^ Royall Commands, 
Qvioto'sSitOTer.'' I Send here with a Copy of the scheme of the Quota's proposed to the Governors 

for your Lop' Consideration. 
vimna and Mary- Virginia did scud US six hundred pounds New York money, and Maryland 

land discount the iii i ip i pi-iir /-\ i r i £} 

money ahead y sent, three hundred pounds ster: before they knew of his Mat'' Order for the nve 
hundred poiuids and two hundred and fifty pounds. S"' Edmund Andros writes he hath sent 
so much as will make the former .£600 five hundred pounds Ster:, And Coll: Copley did write 
that he had over done their INLajes'^ Orders although the former Summs were given by the Consent 
of the People in Assembly whom we have thanked for it as a neighbourly kindness flowing 
from the sense they had of Our hardship, and the benefit they partake by our Protection, 
We must acknowledge the latter favour more immediatly to their Most Excellent Majes'% 
tho' at present disappoint of the benefitt thereof. East Jersey hath given us four 
Jer"™ °^ ^^ hundred pounds and Sixty five men who are now at Albany, I attribute this 
Cheifly to the Good Principles of Coll: Andru Hambleton their Governor who is ready on all 
occas"' for our assistance. 
Connecticutt will Conuecticutt as your Lordships will perceive (by the Copy of M'' Bulkleys 

withstand the . ■ i i i • ^~^ 

King Commission. Letter) are preparing to withstand their Majes'" Commission for my Command of 
their Militia, it shall not move me from my duty they have levyed a Tax of one peny a pound 
upon the People for Maj' Winthrop who (1 am iuform'd is to be their Agent and goes home 
in the Mast Ships, it is said the East End of Nassau Island part of my Government, do join 
them in this application that they may be lopp'd oft' from New York and joined to Connecticutt. 
More Men or a Wee are not able to build a stone Fort at Albany which with good Artillary and 

stone Fort wanted ^ ■ . J a j 

at Albany, fewcr mcu than now requisite would make a better defence, that Fort is alread)^ 

rotten out of repair and will cost a great deal from time to time to renew it Our wood in this 
Countrey will not last as the wood of the Northern Parts, This Province cannot hold it thus 
longer, their Majes" large Territories upon this Main are so divided in Government and 
circumstance from one another they drive private interest, and though we be a numerous 
People, yet weak exposed to the Enemy and fitt for no design. It falls to our share to be in 
the first line of Battle. 

I heartily wish for another Squadron of Ships with Land Forces to put an End to the matter 
next Sumer, we are blessed with abundance more health in these Northern Parts than the 
Leeward Islands. 


stores wanted. I have (le.sircd more Artillery and stores contaiii'd in a list of them under 

Covert of the Bo.\es with Packetts directed to M' Blathwayt by the happy Jane and the 
Dolphin, I humbly beg your Lordships intercession for them and for twenty Great Guns more 
and that they may be longer than those I brought over with me, which it seems were never 
proved, the first I tryed splitt, Our Rivers are broad I have sounded in sev" places between 
AnewPiatibrmo *^^ ^'^^^ ^^ ^^'^ York and Sandy hook, and design to make a Platforme on the 
raised at N: York, q^^^ ,^^Qg,. Hq^.]^^ under the Fort and Errect a battery thereon, it is so designed 
that by the swiftness of the tyde no ship can ride before the 'I'own, but must have her Stemm 
or Stern towards it, The powder wasts apace being necessitate to supply the Forts at Albany 
and Schenectndy and the Fusileers out of their Majes" stores. 

If the taking of Canada is not Expedited next summer, I humbly offer the necessity of 
building a Stone Fort at Albany and sending over four Comp" a Granadiers with Pay to ease 
the People aud Taxes and detachments or they will all go into tlu; neighbouring Provinces 
they decrease a pace by the loss of that Post with the Indians (which doth Consequently follow) 
Virginia and Maryland will be in great danger, I humbly beg that the two Companies may at 
least be recruited to two hundred. 

Our detachments came in slowly, most of them vnthout Arms, I do likewise desire your 
LoPP' will procure 200 light Fuzees for a Present from their Majes" to [the] five Nations of 
Indians, they will not carry the heavy firelocks I did bring over with me being accustomed to 
light small Fuzees in their hunting. 

I have lately called an Assembly' only settled for two years, but could not carry it, they 
The Revenue ^^^^® never the less given it for five years longer, the People give this reason, 
setued 5 jears. fjjg Riyers on hoth sides are free of any duty upon Trade whilst this is clogg'd, 
and to give it for life may be presideutall and will entail an inconvenience upon them if their 
Neighbours be not brought under the same dutyes. 

Andafiindfhr I ^^^'^ o^tt tlieui to Settle a fund for a Ministry in the City of New York and 

Yori^and's other three uiore Couutys which could never be obtaind before, being a mixt People 
and of different Perswasions in Religion. 

I have sent herewith a Copy of Maj' Dirck Wessells Journall and sundry other papers for 
your Lordships Information. 
Advice of the I havc wlthiu two days [heard] of the approach of the French to Albany as 

approach of the ./ i- j r x j 

Knemy your Lordship will see by the Copyes of Maj" Schuylers letters of the S*" aud S"" 

instant, I am despatching what force I can gett in readiness thither. I am bound 

couneciicutt for imediatly to Conuecticutt to Publish my Commission and eett assistance from 

assistance. ./ o 

thence and March Strait to Albany if there be occasion 
I shall not fail in my duty to their Maj'* but beg leave to [inform] your Lordships that tho' 
I have a difficult and troublesome post yet a farr less Salary than either the Govern'' of 
Virginia or Maryland. 

May it please yo'' Lqpp' 
I am 
Fort William Henry Your Lords?' most obed' humble Serv' 

the g* October 1693. Ben : Fletcher. 

"with designe to have the Revenue continued to their Maties for their lives which had been" — A^ew-Foryt Colonial 
Manuscripts, XXXTY — Ed. 

Vol. IV. 8 


Chidley Brooke Esq., to Governor Fletcher. 

[New-Tork Papers, IV. F. '29.] 

Boston August 2 : 1693. 
.^^ay it pleas j'our Excellence 

On the 27"" ult : about 7 at night I came to this town, and imniediatly went to wait on his 
E.xcell S"' Will Phips, and S"" Fran: Wheeler at his ExcelP hous. I there deliver'd your 
Excells letters to them ; and did expect S'' Will : would have ask'd me som questions relating 
to N : York but instead thereof, he entertain'd us with a flatt Harrangue, of the expence 
N: England had bin at since the present warr; the poverty of its' people &■= — I suppose to 
soften me that the answer to such things I might have directions to demand from him, might 
take better impression. I sayd little that night he desired I would com to his hous Next day ; 
w"^ I did twice; but found him not at home, the like I did the following Day in vain. 
• The first Ins': about 11 in y morning I went again, in company w"" Coll"" Depej'ster, 
M' Hancock and som others, wee were then so fortunat as to find him at home, and w"" him a 
gen"° of his Councill he desired us to sitt down, then ask'd how your Excell did. I told him, 
well; but stru[gg]ling hard to support a tottering govern' that must (maugre all your 
endeavours) fiill to ruin, if speedy assistance were not sent by him and the rest of the 
neighbouring govern" (pursuant to their Ma''" letter to him &'''') to enable vis to defend the 
fronteers at Albany. This put him into a ferment. I waited till his passion coold a little ; 
then told Him the ill circumstances York lay under ; the wavering temper of our Indians ; 
their weariness of the war ; The great presents your Excell was forced to give them when 
last at Albany ; The great taxes repeated upon us. The harrasing of our people (to 
the great depopulation of the Province) for the defence of the fronteers. The high 
tax we now bow under, and what I thought might inform him well of our condition. 
Then I proceeded to demand 200 men (furnish'd at all points and to be pay'd by his 
govern') ; as a fit quota from the same ; pui'suant to their Maj''" said letter then in his 
custody ; and told him it was your Excells directions to me to demand that number as a 
resouable aid front the INIatatusets Colony. This put him into a rude passion, what he said 
was loud & angry; but so confus'd I knew not what to make of it. — at length I could 
understand him to say ; I will not send a man nor a farthing of money to the assistance of 
N : York, and ( continued he ) 'tis a monstrous thought to suppose I should. I could not forbear 
replying in these words, 'tis then S' the monstrous thought of the Queen, how? how"? (said 
hee) a monstrous thought of the Queen (Repeating them words three or four times angrily 
over) Yes (said I) for had not her Maj"" and the Councill of England thought it reasonable 
and requisite that you and the rest of their jNIaj'"''' Govern's should send aid to Nev^ York, no 
letter had bin directed to you or them to that end. 

The ilext thing I mov'd to him was that he would send C6mission''s to New York, in the 
begining of Octob"' next, to meet those from the other Govern' that the proper quota's of men 
and money may be agreed upon, to be sent to N : York from each Govern', pursuant to that 
letter. This agravated his former heat, and made him angrily say ; if they have no other 
business no Commiss''s shall com from me. 

I found his reason was Drown'd in passion and the Storm increasing, so thought it high time 
to leave him. 

The gen"" of his Councill present, al the while seemed asham'd of his behavior, and desir'd 
me to blame his education for what I saw. I told him his Govern"" was very hott. he Returned ; 
S'' you must pardon him 'tis dogg-days he cannot help it. 


I do observe the people here are highly tax'd and no less displeas'd at the ill penniworth 
they have for their money their Govern'' is little f'ear'd and less lov'd. He selects his company 
out of the mobh, for the most part, amongst whom noys and strutt, pass for witt, and prowls ; 
Some few of the better sort pay him respect and complement, for their eas sake, rather than 
any esteem they have for him ; the rest redicule iiim. 

Severall of their late assembly have told me ; they could have no account of y'^ Cuntrys 
money, when required: nor any reasons why the Cuntry was so mucli in debt. That his 
whole managery was crooked, bending much more to his own intrest than tiie good of the 

New York in the midst of calamities has this comfort that her taxes are apply'd purely in 
her defence, and to acquire her safety only, that the ace" of publick money are at all times 
(if desired) layd before the Assembly that your watchful! care and steady guidance gives her 
people all the reasonable hopes of safty their circumstances will adinitt. all wliich is 
wanting here. 

By next post I will give your Excellence what has past between S' Fran: Wheeler, and me. 
and at this time begg leave to conclud 

I\Iy self what I nmst ever be 

May it pleas your Excellence 

Your Excellencies most ffaitlifull 

and most obedient Servant. 

Chid: Brooke 
Endorsed Chidley Brooke Esq' to his Excell Ben: Fletcher 
Aug' a-i 93. 

ReC* 20 Dec: ]693 fro Coll Fletcher. 
B: F: 

Journal of Major Dlrck WesseVs Miibassy to Onondaga. 

[Now- York Papers,- IV. g. 43.] 

The Journals of Maj'' Dirk Wessell's being sent bj'' his Excell Benjamin 
Fletcher Cap' Gen" & Govern"" of New Yorke fc"^ to the Indians of the five 
nations with a letter to prevent their meeting at Onondage to consult of an 
answer to a belt of peace from Count Frontiuiac Governor of Canida & to 
urge them to cause the Sachims of Oneyde deliver up the Jesuite Milett in 
exchange for an Indian Boy according to promise. 

1693 Aug 5"' I begunn my journey from Albany & calne that night to Schenectady. 

6"^ I gott to the first Castle of the Mohaques where I was inform'd of one Mohaq with four 
Indian women & a girle run over to Canida. 

7"' I passed the -2^ Castle & came to the third where the Sacliims of the P' 2* & 3"* Castles 
of the Mohaqs being mett I communicated his Excell letter to which they answered. 


Tell Brother Caijenquiragoe it is our opinion that the upper nations ought not to have 
heard the pronosalls made by the Governor of Cauida but to have rejected them without 
answer neither ought there to be any generall meeting at Onondage, as for our parts we will 
not goe up to them but will be obedient to his Excell Commands. 

Concerniu"- the Jesuite Milett We judge it convenient two of our Sachims goe along witii 
you with a belt of Wampum to desire the Jesuite and his papers may be delivered up to 
Caijenquiragoe according to promise lately made at Albany. 

Having no belt of Wampum ready they desired me to tarry till they sent for one soe I 
tarryed one day while their messenger was gone for the belt. I understood by their discourse 
they had inclinacons to be at the meeting at Onondage which I opposed and told them I 
have their answer already only tarry for the belt that I may show in the meeting that it is 
vour advice the Jesuite and his letters be surrendred up to Caijenquiragoe 

Whereupon they gave to Jurian & Joseph who accompanyed me 7 hands of wampum. 

August O"" I proceeded for Oneyde and on the way mett two messengers who were to call the 
Mohaques to the Generall meeting and told me the Senekes & Caijouges were allready there 
I caused the messengers to turn back with me & lay in the woods that night. 

10"' Wee came to the first Castle of the Oneijdes. 

ll"" We came to the second Castle of the Oneijdes where I ordered their Sacliims to meet 
me & said 

Brethren I am sent by his Excell with this letter & communicated it telling them the 
Mohaques refused to come to the meeting and would be obedient to his Excell ord'' desired 
they would surrender the priest & his letters to Caijenquiragoe according to promise & laid 
down the 7 hands of wampum. 

They answered tell Brother Cayenquiragoe. The Senekes and Caijouges are already a 
Onondage. That the Senekes have sent for us soe cannot give any answer untill the Generall 
meeting at Onondage we would not goe but that the Senekes have sent for us and that the 
Preist should goe up with them which I forbid. 

Then Canossadero the Preists JMaster forbid him to goe up, the Preist replyed What would 
they have of me I have no papers touching publick affairs only some letters from my Neece & 
other particular freinds who salute me those of any concerne are already gone to Albany I told 
them there was no letters come to his Excell onty one to Domine Dellius wherein he is thanked 
for his kindnesse to the Preist. 

12"" We parted from Oneyde and lodged in the woods. 

l-S"" We arrived at Onondage where the Sachims made us welcome with 14 hands of 

Then told them saying. 


I am sent by his Excell to offer you something. They endeavoured to put me off till the 
Generall meeting which was to be the next day T replyed that I must speak with every nation 
severally and am not directed to any Generall meeting. 

An Oneyde Indian that had been in Canida with six more told me that when they came 
to the Castle of the praying Indians of Canida he and one more of his company went into it 
and from thence to Mount Reall where he mett the Governor of Canida who asked him if he 
was one of those who tore the flesh of his living subjects and eat it, that he answered, not: 
but that he was one of them that helped to burn them. The Governor of Canida replyed 


that now the Great King of France was inraged, that he had sent to Canida tliirly great ships 
with abundance of men and he expected tiiirty more to come that he had just then received 
the news of 1500 Wagenhanes Indians' come down to his assistance but lie had ofiered peace 
to tlie five Nations to wliich lie exjiected an answer in twenty dayes and thein that refuise it 
will he fall upon with all that strength and destroy them, alsoe that beyond the Great Sea 
all are in peace and that the French King hath beat both English and Dutch & forced them to 

After this the Sachims asked me what news in New Yorke. I answered there were 3 of 
our IMohaques come lately from Canida to Albany who know nothing of all this, that when 
they were there noe shipes were arrived in Canida. That our King had 800 sail of ships lay 
ready to transport SO 000 men to France which doth not savour of peace that the two Indians 
that were in prison in New England for the murder were come to Albany and that there were 
three French privateers lately upon our coast & the biggest of the three having 3G gunns & 
280 men is taken. 

August 14"' I communicated his Excell letter to the Sachims of Onondage and demanded their 
answer They bid me tell Brother Cayenquiragoe he speaks very well, we are glad to hear 
his wisdom before we are all met together because we with the help of the Senekes and 
Caijouges will make a good array. 

Then I communicated his Excell. letter to the Senekes who bid me tell Brother 
Caijenquiragoe We are glad to hear him speak here with so great wisdom we are come heither 
according to our old custome to consult the welfare of our Couutrey we will take his orders 
into consideracon. 

Lastly I communicated the letter to the Cayouges who bidd me tell Brother Caijenquiragoe 
We are glad to hear his wisdom and his thought of the Governor of Canida before the 
Generall meeting. 

In the afternoon the Oneydes made their complaint to the other three nations that I had 
hindered the Jesuite Milett from coming to the meeting who were all for sending for him, but 
I withstood it and asked if they did not yet understand his Excell orders and that they are 
already debauched by that venemous belt then desired Milett and papers might be delivered 
over to his Excell that the house may not more be betrayed by his subtill intregues but live in 
quietnesse after this the Sachims held a long consultation and gave the Oneydes an answer in 
the negative. 

This day happend an alarm in Onondage five Onondages went to the lake whereof one 
was caryed away by the enemy. 

There were alsoe two French men & 2 French women prisoners a fishing from Onondage a 
dayes journey from the Castle three of them were killed the fourth being a woman was scalped 
and on the lo"" arrived in the Castle reported the mischeife to be done by the praying Indians 
of Canida 

IS"" All this day is spent in consultation about his Excell orders and the Governor of 
Canida's proposalls. 

IG"" The Sachims were all assembled and Konassadero the Sacliim of Oneyde spoak saying 
as for the IMohaques they have refusd this meeting to you Brethren of the Onondage, 
Caijouge & Seneke. 

It is now two }-ears since that you were all agreed that if there were occasion to send to 
Canida that an Oneijde should goe now it happened that Tarriha had a French prisoner which 

' One of the Utawawas Nations. C'oldfn, lOS. — \iii. 


he caryed to Canida to redeem his brother and so the Governor of Canida made use of this 
opportunity to send this belt along with him to show to the five Nations that he did therewitli 
offer them peace which belt I now deliver to you and referr it to the brethren to accept or 
reject it I am the same man I was before & my people will agree to yo"' result. 

Whilst they considered of an answer I went with the Interpretesse to Aquadarondes 
wigwam he being the Cheife Sacliim of Onondage and lame a bed endeavouring to understand 
of him how he thought the Nations were inclin'd he told me saying. 

Aqaa<iarondc3 Mj Understanding stands still about their different inclinations for the Mohaques 

'"'™ are as if conquered, the Oueijdes wavering, the Senekes have great force but 

more inclined to bever hunting than warr so that the Onoridages ly in the greatest danger. 
You hear in your ears the cry of the women & children for the losse of their husbands & 
relations, great promises were made now neer five years agoe that Quebeque should be taken 
by Sea but I dont hear that it is done. I speak not in reference to Our Brother Caijenquiragoe 
he behaves himselfe like a soldier and hath not been long here. New England, Virginia & 
Maryland doe nothing that we hear of. Our Brother hath renewed the Covenant for them but 
that doth not knock the enemy in the bead, so my senses are as drunk not knowing what 
to doe. 

August l?"" I advised with him whether I should repeat his Excell orders at the 
Generall meeting which he was inclined to liave done and said he wondered that our brother 
Caijenquiragoe should be against a Generall meeting upon this occasion for it is our order and 
method to have publick meetings upon all occasions. I replyed that it was a false step in 
them to have received a belt from the enemy whereupon Aquadarando resolved to goe to 
meeting himselfe. 

Afternoon the whole house was mett & Aquadarando was brought by four men who spake 
to the four nations in a Song saying. 

We Onondages sing a Song that others may sing after us for it is our old custome. 

The Enemy is like a bear that we must bewar of and not be deceived by fair words we 
must not alsoe wholly reject him so as not to hear him at all, it is well known the Governor of 
Canida hath alwayes deceived us soe likewise the Jesuite in Oneyde that causes all this 
disturbance amongst us in our countrey. We hearken too much to the Governor of Canida 
that he should offer us his deceitfull patronage without considering that we have been for ever 
in covenant with our brethren without deceit herein Governor of Canida shews his desire but 
I beleive him not who knows where he will open his deceitfull design, you have heard my 
opinion I refer the rest to the brethren and laid dovsm a great belt of Wampum. 

Then I repeated his Excell orders in his letter desiring they should take it to consideracon 
not to break the covenant chain and laid down a belt of Wampum. 

IS"" The Sachims met together to consult but gave noe answer. 

19"" There being eighty Sachims present Kajarsanhondare made answer saying 

Tell Brother Caijenquiragoe We have of old made a covenant which we will keep inviolable, 
here hangs the belt of the Governor of Canida but I say according to the resolution taken by 
us all We reject the desires of the Governor of Canida and are resolved not to goe to him. 
We will not doe as we have done formerly lay hold of his messengers but we will let him 
know by a messenger that if he will treate of peace he must goe to his Excell he is Our 
Master we have put all our force under his command he is Master over us just as the 
Governor of Canida is over his Indians whereupon they laid down a belt of Wampum of 
liiirteen heights. 


Tell Our Urotlior We did Ihiuk IIh; husiiicsse of attacking (iufbcq had bften better inanag'd 
tliaii it is we hear notliing of it now Our brother is a soldier let us see something of it 
that we may overcome the Enemy. 

Tell Our Brother Caijenquiragoe if any mischeif be done to any in covenant with us as in 
New England it must not be said upon the hearing of our language j/sently the five nations 
have done it nor upon so light occasions must we be imprisoned it is always known by 
whom the niischeifo is done 

Tell Our Brother Caijenquiragoe that we repeat once more that here is our old house it is 
resolved he is our master and shall continue soe and we will hear noe body speake that have 
a niinde to treate of peace they must goe to our Brother whereupon they laid down a belt 
of wampum. 

I replyed you say his Excell. is yo'' master but it doth not appear soe now for you goe 
contrary to his order he forbidds you to liold correspondence with the enemy & you are 
sending a new messuage to them. He does expect that as a token of yo'' sorrow you will 
send the .lesuite & his papers to him but I hear nothing to that It is certain the Governor of 
Canida designs by him to betray you if you hearken to him and not follow his Excell 

Aquandaronde the Sachem of Onondage answered that they had not hearkened to the 
Governor of Canida but only would let him know that his Excell is Master, and if he will 
speake of peace he must goe to his Excell what concerns the Jesuite Milett We have done 
our outmost endeavours to get him but the Owners will not deliver him. 

DiRCK Wessels 
A true Copy Rob' Sanders 

(signed) M: Clarkson Secry 

Endorsed Joumall of the Maj"" Dirck Wessells who accompanyed with Rob' Sanders 
carryed a letter from his Excell Govern' Fletcher to the Indians of five Nations 
in the Province of New Yorke to dissuade them from making peace with 
Canida August 1G93. 
Rec'^ 20 Dec: 93 fro Coll Fletcher. 
B: G: 

Majw Peter Schuyhr fo Goiiernor Fletclier. 

[New- York Papers, F. 34.] 

Albany the ^^ of S'" 1093 

at 10 A clock at night 
May it please y' Excelly 

Last Saturday night Joseph a Christian Indian tells ns the News that an Indian was come 

from Canada to Oneyde & that the Sachims of the Upper Nations was to come and meet & 

consult there that the Messenger was arrived at Canada w"" the Jesuits letter and that the 

Prisoners we liad at Canada were secured least they should runn away for a party were 


designed to make an attack some where this fall but the Indians would not tell where this 
Joseph had from a Sinneke Indian come from Oneyde and heard this from two Indian Women 
who accidentally discoursed this Messenger before he gott to the Oneyde Castle I caused the 
Guards to be doubled and viewed all the mens amies and caused every man to be supplyed 
w't Powder and Ball and sent word to the Farmers to be upon their guard this evening two 
Indian women came to this towne who tells us that three days agoe a party of 10 French 
and 20 Onagonque Indians' takes a Squa Prisoner near Tionondoge the third Castle of the 
Maquase and after that they had her halfe a day resolved to send her back & two Indians with 
her into the Castle to tell the Indians to keep at home in their Castles and not to stirr out 
they would doe them no harme hut come and fetch them away but the two Indians hearing 
some gunns fired in the Castle were afraid to go in but gave the woman a fathom of wampum 
to tell the message & with all cutt of the vvomans hair which they said was for a signe y' they 
had been there, the woman comes immediately into the Castle and tells what had happend 
who forthwith sent to the first Castle of the Maquase and so the news was brought hither 
while we are examining of the said woman news is brought us from the flatts that the 
waggon goeing thither w"" provisions was sett upon by the enemy the 2 horses killed & two 
Souldiers taken prisoners viz' John Stilsberry & W" England the rest escaped the Fort 
imediately fired two gunns to allarme all the Farmers & the express that carrys this to Sopuz 
commands all y" Farmers to come in & desires y' Co" Beekman would send us a 100 men not 
knoweing but that tliere may be a considerable force. Since they have taken so much pains to 
keep our Indians quiett I have sent an express to the Maquase to order them to come hither 
with their wives and children and sent forward to Oneyde «& Onondage to be upon their guard 
and send some men downe hither we received very luckily, SO good men from your Excelly 
within this four days. We are all well & upon our guard & do not fear a brush since we have 
so good advertisem' I thought it my duty to give your Excelly & acco' of all transactions 
knoweing your Excelly will be gladd to hear we cannot be surprised if any thing extraordinary 
happens I shall not faile to give your Excelly an account from time to time upon w"'' yo' 
Excelly may depend So shall take leave & remain 

Yo"' Excelly' most humble 

& obedient serv' 

Peter Schuyler. 

A true Copy 

(signed) M: Clarkson Secry 

Endorsed Maj' Schuylers letf to his Exc"y Benj : Fletcher &"= 
y'' S-* of S'ober 1693 
ReCiaO Dec: 93. 

' See note, Vol. ITT,, 482. —Ed. 


Major PeUr Sclinyler to Governor Fletcher. 

[ New- York Papers, IV. f. 85. ] 

May It pleas Your Excelly 

My last was the 3'' Instant giveing your Excelly an account of the two men taken prisoners 
by y" enemy near the fflatts that very night another party of the Enemy being on the East 
side of Hudson's River fired 6 shott at a canoe comeing downs but hurt nobody only shott 
through the canoe this makes me beleive the party is divided in small troops to annoy the 
farmers We sent out two partys yesterday to descry & range the woods but see none and this 
day another party of 30 men are sent as farr as Canassigioene to range the woods on this side 
the Maquase River and they of Schenectady are to meet them there, The farmers I send out 
to range the woods on the East side of our River fearing that some sculking partys may 
stragle downe as far as Kinderhook but the only way in my opinion to be sure wether tiiere 
is a great party ornot or wether they will settle themselves at the lake S' Sacrament or on this 
side the Great Lake is to send Scouts of Christians and Indians as farr as the Crown Point, I 
am about to procure such but know not what way to pay them haveing neither money nor 
goods of my owne nor of the publicks in my hands neither cann 1 find any body willing to 
advance any more for the publick ; I long much to have an answer from our Indians, there are 
two Xians gon from Schenectady with the express as soon as they return shall send Your 
Excelly an Acco' I declare I never did so much suspect the fidelit}' of our Indians as now the 
Maquase seem but little concerned at all this news. It is as if they were disposed to goe along 
with the Enemy as soon as they come, they are weary of the warr and we cann have no 
service of them without Ready Pay which I am in no capacity to comply withall they tell me 
they will stay in their Castles & hold it out, when the French comes and keep good watch but 
it is no sine of watchfullness when the enemy have now twice been at the Gates of their 
Castle Undiscovered and tied a bunch of small reeds or straws at the very door I diswaded 
them from staying in their Castles if any army conies but to keep out good Scouts towards the 
Lake and as soon as they spy the Enemy come with a great force to give us an acco' and 
make their retreat hither with their wives and children where they will be protected I expect 
the hundred men from Sepus to morrow I will keep them till I am satisfied there is no army 
on this side the Lake. It will be no great inconveniency to tiiem since tlieir laud is sowed 
I cann scarcely beleive the French will venture so late in the year with any great force only 
•some partys to keep us in alarme & in y'' mean time endeavor to gain our Indians as soon as 
I have the least certainty of an army shall send your Excelly an express. Our Indians are all 
of opinion that these partys are the fore Runners of a greater body. I shall keep good watch 
and if they come shall receive them as well as the Force I have shall be able. Our men are 
all brisk and well. I have ordered the Comissary to furnish tluun with amunition on acco' of 
their pay so they are all new fitted for they had none of their owne neither is there any of 
the Publicks to give them. I am sorry tlie New Jersey men will be releived this Season since 
they are well disciplined & Brisk men and if they be I hope your Excelly will send up money 
to pay them here w'^'' they expect since severall have bought amies of the inhabitants w"" w'* 
they can not be so well fitted at home. I have no more to add but that I am 

Yo' Excelly's most obedient 

Peter Schuyler. 
Albany 5"" S'^ber 1693 At 5 a clock in y' afternoon. 
Vol*. IV. 9 


To his Excelly Benjamin Fletcher 

Capt° Gen" & Gover"' in cheife of New Yorke Province of Pensilvania &■= 

at Fort W" Henry. 
A true Copy 

( signed ) M : Clarkson Secry. 

Rec-i 20 Dec : 93. 
B: F: 
P : 35 : 

Governor FletcJier to Sir William Phips. 

LXew-Tork Papers, III. E. 61.] 

Fort William Henry the 31" of August 1693. 

Yours of the 24"" instant came to hand the SO"" wlierein you acquaint me of a peace 
concluded with Eastern Indians, which I am glad to hear and hope itt will prove firai and 
stedfast ; for which I thank you. 

Forasmuch as I have nott syllable touching the 200 men you promised, I take leave to putt 
you in mind of mine of the 31" of March last when I first desired that assistance. Your 
answer thereunto of the twentieth of April! following wherein you told me that their Maj"" 
affaires calling for your pressence to the Eastward you had left directions with y^ gentlemen 
appointed for the manageing the Millitary ati'aires in your absence, to order me the nimiber of 
men I desired, to march with all speed from Road Island and Conecticutt, they being the 
nearest places unto me and assoou as the agreem' between the Govern" of Virginia Maryland 
Pensilvania and your selfe concerning a quota of men or other assistance to be given by each 
of you for our assistance, is concluded upon, you should endeavour to be the first in serving 
their Maj'"" to the uttermost of your power, according to such Agreement. Which are the 
words of your own letter. 

I have since that time wrote to you several letters amongst other things complaining of the 
want of those men, as you may finde by those of the 10"" of June, IT"" of July, and 2** of 
August, which M'' Stoughton L' Governour, advises were forwarded to you, yett there is nott 
one man come to Albany from any part of your governm', nor does itt appear to me by your 
last there is any care taken thereof as 3'ett. 

Sir. A party of our Indians have lately returned from Canada having two prisoners, one 
Mons"' Crevier a considerable person, the proprietor and cheife man of a Collony called S' 
Fransoe, and his Servant, the heathen have bitt of five of his nailes, he is now sick of his 
hard marches and wounds att Albany. Maj'' Schuyler hath given .£50 for his redemption from 
y' flames. He gives account of the arival of the French consisting of nine Saile, three more 
being putt back for reparation; two of the nine about 40 guns each, that they have brought 
recruits of 500 men with stores of ammunition and provissions, that Chevaleer Deaux was on 
board one of the Ships put back to stop lakes, but dayly expected, that the French are dayly 


adding to their fortifications att Quebeck, and that they have built strong batteries and many 

guns planted on them. 

Sir. I doe expect another attack from the French of Canada this winter, as I had in 

February last and have many reasons for itt. Our fronteers are but poorly mann'd, which we 

cannot remedy without your assistance, and must depend upon itt att this juncture ; not 

doubtinif but that you haveing made such an advantagious peace with the Eastern Indians, to 

the great ease both of the charge and duty of your people, you will rather increase then fall 

short of the number of 200 already promised and that your commissioner will be here att the 

time appointed to assist the others in agreeing upon a quota of men and money for the 

defence of the fronteers dureing the warr, that it maj^ never be said that the handfull of 

French in Canada should gain a foot of ground upon any of their ]\Iaj''" dominions on this 

Maine, but that their Majesties intrest may always flourish and overcome their enemys, which 

is the zeal and ambition of Your Excellencys 

Humble Servant 

Ben: Fletcher 
A true Copy 

M: Clarkson Secry. 

Sir William PTiips to Governoi' Fletcher. 

[New- York Papers, HI. E. 62.] 


By a ship arrived here from Cadiz the IS"" current, we have confirmacon of the unhappy 
news of the loss and disaster befalling the Streights fleet of English and Dutch, of w'hich 
had lately an account via Madera by a vessell belonging to New Yorke touching at Road 
Island, tho' with some moderacon as to the loss then reported and not with that advantage to 
the French as was fear'd ; the narrative whereof I have inclosed. 

As to yo' Excell proposall for a meeting of Comissioners at New Yorke from their Maties 
severall Governments of New England, Virginia, Maryland and Pensilvania to concerte and 
agree upon a certain quota of men and money for the defence of the fronteers in that Province 
I have to acquaint you that the epidemicall and mortall Sickness and other calamitous 
occurrents within this Province, renders it difficult for any from hence at present to attend 
such a congress; and the alteracon made with reference to the militia of Connecticut Colony 
since your Excell : first mocon for such a meeting, the comand thereof being transferr'd unto 
yo'selfe, over and above the addition of Pensilvania, seems to make it less necessary or 
reasonable to expect assistance from this Province for the support of Albany: when as besides 
the many other adversityes and losses which have befallen this people, the burthen of a long 
& chargeable warr has been borne by themselves, with very little assistance from their 
neighbours, whereby they are soe exhausted and such a vast debt contracted, as is almost 
insupportable, and still continue to be at a very considerable growing charge for the necessary 
guarding of the fronteers of this Province and maintainance of a guarrison at Pemaquid. For 
altho' the late submission of the Eastern Indians may give probable hopes of a present quiet 


with them, yet wee may rationally expect annoyances from the French and to be attackt both 
by sea and land by them and the Indians joyned to them. 

I shall not be backward to contribute what assistance I may to the defence of their 
Majesties interests in tlie neighbouring Governments, without hazard of exposing the same 
more immediately under my care, and had the militia of Connecticutt remained within my 
command I should upon yo"" Excell. desire thereof have given out orders for the enforcing of 
yo^ posts with some men from thence as I formerly intimated ; but the circumstances of that 
affair being altered, it cannot now be expected. I hope what is offered will excuse the none 
appearance of Commiconers from this Province on the occasion menconed. 

I shall lay before their Majesties the state of this their Province, and humbly endeavour 
their satisfaccun herein, and to my utmost promote their interests as I may have opportunity. 

Yo'' Excell. humble Servant 
Boston Septem' IS"" William Phips 


A true Copy 

M : Clarkson Secry. 

I Gov&mor Fletcher to the Committee of Trade. 

[New-York Entries, in. 67-69.] 

May it please Your LordsP' 

I am stayd this day from proceeding to Connecticutt and Albany by the taking of the Capt" 
of a French Privateer on the north side the Island Nassaw, whom I have examind this 

I find him a French Protestant about IS month an Inhabitant of this Province being 
naturaliz'd by King James, and a Master of a Sloop belonging to this place, his name John 
Reaux, in his Voyage to Boston he sunk his Vessell and run away with G or .£700 in Money 
for which he was Imprisoned and Broak Goal at Boston and with some of their Prisoners of 
Warr gott to Canada in a small Shallop, from thence went to France, he came from Rochell 
three Month's agoe in a Bark with four Guns four Pateraros and 35 men, says he hath a 
Commission from the French King and in his way took a Ketch belonging to Boston, on the 
Banks of Newfound Land, and on Fryday the six instant took a sloop from Rhode Island, 
says he could have taken more but being minded to take on board his and family brought the 
Bark into the sound and for that purpose came on shoar and was discovered. I hope by this 
thiie the Vessell is taken having sent after her. I have been urged by some whom he had 
defrauded to have him forthwith Try'd and Executed, and have advised with the Councill. 
To know his Malls ^^ ^^ resolvcd that he be kept in close Prison untill their Majes'" Royall pleasure 
iSxTiie'"'"' be known therein for which I beg your Lords?' favour, the Prisoner deny's he 

J'"rencli Prisoner. , i'/>-ri •,.t-t~»' * 

knows any design from t ranee agamst tins Province. • 

I have this day taken my leave of the Councill being bound for Connecticutt and Albany, 
wluu-e I shall tarry the whole winter if there be Occasion, I have recommended to them the 
Administration of the Government during my abgence, and that they be carefull to make 



Provision for the Ijuilding of the Platforms I have designed, so that we may fall about it next 


May it please your Lopi" 

I am 

New York Your LordsP' most obed' humble Serv' 

10"" October 1693. Benj Fletcher 

The Prisoner is well acquainted with 
all this coast and avers that 700 Recruits 
were sent to Canada this last Pumer, and 
that he was in Company of the Fleet. 

May it please j'our LordsFi" 

I do observe by my Instructions I am hinted not to go out of the Province without leave, I 
had a Speciall warrant for my going to Connecticutt, I have the Great Seal for the Command 
of INIilitia of that Colony which is to be of Force after Pu[b]lication and I cannot well command 
Militia without seeing them, have therefore determined to go that way to Albany with the 
Forces I can get there, I beg your Lords?' favourable construction and directions in that matter 
for the future I am 

May it please your Lopp' 

Your Lo''" most humble Obed' Serv' 

Benj : Fletcher. 

Abstract of Governor Fletcher's Letter and Papers concerning Connecticut. 

[New-Tork Papers, IV. F. 41.] 

Col Fletcher by his Letter of the 27"" of Octo' 1693. from Connecticut wTites . 

That at his coming to Conecticut he found a great Consternation among them. He told the 
Gov"" his errand & gave him his Comission and desired he would order it to be read, who 
answer'd that if Col: Fletcher had anything to ofler he would hear it, whereupon Col. 
Fletcher order'd his own Sec'' to read it, and Col Fletcher referrs to the Papers for what past 
on this occasion. 

Abstract of Papers relating to Col. Fletchers proceedings in Connecticut. 

Col. Fletcher coming to Conecticut on y= 2Z^ of Octo' acquainted the Gov"" & some others of 
his being come with their Ma'^' Comission to command the Militia of that Province. 

The next day he went to the Gen" Court or Assembly of the Province then setting & 
acquainted them he was come by his Ma'^" Comands to publish his Comission which he desired 
might be read. 

To which they only answered they were ready to hear what his Exc"'' had to offer or to be 
read to them. 



Whereapoa C6I. Fletcher caused his Comissioa to be read to them by his Sec^ and gave them 
a Mem"^ in writiiis requiring their ready complyance that he might proceed to the execacon of 
his trust &r desir'd their answer m writing. 

Thev desir'd C6I. Fletcher to hear their Charter read, but he told them he had no business 
with the Charter or CiviU. Power but to comand the Militia of the Colony. 

The next day C6L Fletcher sent to the Genf^ Court to let them know that he had recieved 
then an Express from Albany gi-ving an Acco' of the weakness of the Garrison, & the growing 
strenffth of the Enemy. That the Jerseys who are under the same circumstances with 
Conecticut in respect to their Charter had submitted to the King's right of the Militia. That 
the letters from Albany say they expect to be attacked by the Enemy, & if that post be lost 
for want of their complyance they might be sencible of the ill consequence to themselTes. 

Whereupon. Col. Fletcher being attended by y* Gov"", the SeC^ & some others they desired 
him to suspend y* execution of his Comissioa tUl they could have an answer from, his Maty, 
by Jlaj" Winthrop their agent then going to England w^ CoL Fletcher declined with such 
argum° that they seemed to be convicted, the Sec'^ declaring he did not believe there were 
two men ia the Colony but what thought the ^IiIitia the inherent right of the Crown, But 
desir'd to know if upon urgent occasions they must be obliged to send to New York for orders. 
To which CoL Fletcher reply'd no, but that he would Comissionate the Gov' to act in aU 
things durins his absence as fully as if he were present. 

The next day being y* 26. of Octo"" C6L Fletcher recieved an answer in writing to his Mem" 
That they do not tind Col. Fletchers Comission by express words to supercede y* 
Comission for y* >Iilitia in their Charter nor have they any order from their Mat^ to 
surrender y* sam That being sencible of the importance of the matter they think it their 
duty to continue the Militia as formerly till by their Agent they shall recieve further orders 
from their Ma*^ Tnat in Obedience to their Ma''^ letter they shall be ready on aH just 
occasions to assist the Gov' of iN'ew York for the defence of that Province against y* Comon 
Enemy in proportion with the neighbouring Colonies And that they will grant 600' Country 
pav out of the Country Rate t ward the charge of the garrison of what shall be their proportion. 
To which answer C6L Fletcher returned his reply that he did not demand the MOitia from 
them, they having no right to it. It being setied on the King by sev'' Acts of Parliam' & no 
Power can be demised from y* p'sent possession of the Crown wherefore in their Ma'''' name 
he demand their ready complyance. 

And Col. Fletcher farther lets them know he is resolved to pttt his Comission in execution 
& to issue a Proclamacon shewing the care he has taken for the satisfaction of their Ma^ 
subjects in that Colony, leaving the ifilitia in the same hands he tbund it. And accordin^y 
made the Gov' a tender of a Comission for the Chief Comand and that he had no power or 
intention to invade the Civill rights But that he wiH not depart y* Colony tiQ. he has seen y* 
Comission obeyd. 

And the Gen" Court desiring a Copy of Col. Fletcher's Comission the originaD. was carried 
to them. 

After which the Gen" Court return an answer to Col. Fletchers reply wherein they referr to 
their former answer. And further that they agree the inherent right of y* iEIitia to be in y* 
Crown Sc has been setied upon that Colony by the Great Seal of England & so enjoyed by 
them during y* two last reigns- And they have lately recieved some directions from their 
Ma*^ in order to the improvem' of y* sam^e. 


And C6L i .- _. . _ . .. - _ ..^^^^^^^_ - --'-'■^'n to gnlniiit 

to T* Kings C tber -rri-rigt 

part -ST* T* CiTii Power too. And tne &.. 1 ' beamg Capc oi Waiimg- a 

, .„^-.^-.^ ._, .,_ . ._ , ; , _,._ ■ - g C6L FletclieT Trajiicc. 1,^1;:. £.1 Mb 

^^J" " ^ - sent a Mem^ to Coi Fl-etci . ' tB to l*e a± ASffliiT 

till MarcL k i.o pay Lu-wards liieir Quota 600^ CoTmtrr micmy wMeB is aicrat 2-59^ SterL 

'- '■ setliag T* 31- ^ _ ■ ■ - _ ,:T.e 

the Exec - .-eB Tiolataon thereci 

Tie 2^.. -Lie Gcii^ Cg'^- •- Pletcher Tmderstandino- some peTBOoall a&onts 

were inter -^- ---'m by tbT - -- i -z.! any prodamatiDii then He sent it to j* Sec^ 

of J* Co. _ _ -irms hi:. - Ash it -vriio said he -woiild pre it to t* Got^ 

And CoL FietdaeT ": , it the jt ^rre ready to l>e in a Cama&on left the 

In al tMs time about 41 ; - : ^ . _ ■ _, : ; ; . ^ : ^ 1 l_ r i^selxes to submit to y* IvrngT s Comisscm. 

B.: F: 
P: 41: 

pSen^Toft PigerE, IT. p. 2L] 

Coimeelieintie in ?ke"w Ensiand 
Oeto^ 30*^ '93. 

I bare 'been in tMs CoMcmy 90 dares M>oreing to perswade a stnbbome people to tbeire 
dewty. I Publisii'd tbeir Majesties C&mmissioii in theire Generall Court att Haxtford. 
Assured ^xan. I had uoe pretentiiMS t© iJarare ciTell adminestratioii. But the -maTlTna beit^ 
lodg-ed in the Ciowne, and in noe case to bee sepperaled or demiss'd from it I cam -w* 
eomisaon waAes the gieate seaJe to taie that care and charge, they refuse all obedienc- 
Hare seppeiated not only from tJhe Chtmih, But CroTsne of England, and aHo-sre of noe 
appeale from theire Courts nor the La-sres of England to bare any force amcmgsi them, some 
of the -WTSsest hare saide wee are not permitt-ed to rote for anj members of Parliam% and 
therefore not lyable to theire lawes. I did desigce from bene to march with what force I 
could gett and put my selfe into Albany this winter but am now disappointed, I must leticme 
to Torke and tate other measures for the securety of that place- 

I never sawe tbe like people They hare raised a considerable Tai to send one M'' 
Winthrop tieiiie Agent for England, yett pay noe obedienc to the Crowne nether theire 
Agent or any in office hare taken :flie oathes or subscribed the Test I eonld not force 
obedsesBoe tareing noe Company bnt a few serrants and Two freinds nor did I think it the 
King's service to carry on the contest to Blonde tho thex threaten x-o draw mine for trrging 
my Mastere right. They desire a sute alt law with y' tvinp- and say if tbeire Charter bee 


vacuated by Quo Warranto tliey will submit, This I know if a speedy course bee not taken 
to make these people usefull to the defenc of Albany, that place wjU bee lost. S"' I have sent 
over the papers that passed between these people and yo'' servant. If I have made any fals 
steppe I begg it may bee imputed to the weakness of my judgm't, for I have studiously 
endeaviored to serve the King and oblige these people and in all places of my little trust used 
y*" utmost of my skil to make y* people in love with the mildness of theire Majesties 

I have just now a letter from a sure freinde acquainting mee the mobb have a designe upon 
my life. I must not goe out of the way tho' very thinly attended. IMy humble service and 

trew affections to M" Southwell. 

I am 


Your most affection' 

humble and most 

obedient servant, 

Ben Fletcher 
Endorsed— Connecticut. 30. Oct. 1693. 
From Coll. Fletcher to 
IVP Southwell. R. 28 De. 
ab' Connecticutt. 

Governor Fletclier to the Committee of Trade. 

[New- York Entries, IH. 93.] 

May it please your Lqp' 

Having wi-ote from Connecticutt by way of Piscataqua to my Lord Marquiss Carmarthen 
Lord Nottingham and M'' Blathwayt, I now humbly address your Lordships being returned 
from thence your Lords?' will percive by the Copies of severall Passages herewith sent what 
contempt is thrown upon their Maj" authority twere tedious and perhaps troublesome to 
repeat the personall slights I met with in this service I must confess to your Lords?' I found 
Accotofhis the whole Countrey upon their Penitentialls upon my return wishing to have 

Proceedings at ./ i i i i i 

Connecticutt their moucy returned from Major Wenthrop whom they have employed to 

Solicite for their Old Charter Government and wish the Generall Court at Hartford had made 
a dutifull Submission to their Majesties Commands, Maj' Palmer M"" Gershom Bulkely two 
Rosewells and M'" Trowbridge are Gentlemen of the best Education sense and Estates 
amongst them, they with many other well-affected people have suffered very much by the 
Arbitrary illegall Proceedings there. If Connecticut be annexed to New-Yoi-k, those I have 
menconed are the fittest in the Colony to be of the Councill, I find by their Charter they 
have no othere Military power than upon cases of urgent Necessity to array their people which 
doth not extend to a fixed standing Militia, I am perswaded their irregularitys have been so 
great, that if a Quo Warrant were brought ag" their Charter, they would not offer to defend 
it, I am informed the East End of the Island Nassaw part of this Province have joyned 


them to use the same Person Maj'' Winthrop that tliey may he cut off from this Province, 
they likewise [are] mostly of an Independent principle, and think any thing may he Effected 
at Wliitehall for mony whilst every one pursues their sluggish ease, Albany is in Eminent 
danger of being lost. 

I did endeavour to get assistance from the Neighbouring Colonies and Provinces and 
pursuant to their Maj" Commands to have Quota's of Men and ^[oney assertained for each to 
secure the Frontiers but this is defeated, I wrote and desired a Commissioner from for each 
to Meet at New-York in October last to agree thereupon and did propose a Scheme of the 
charge and number of Men. S"' William Phips denyed to send any, others came, but 
pretended they could not proceed unless there were a full meeting of a Commissioner at leas 
from each, S'' Edmond Andros and Co41onel Copley have discounted a former [Bill] given to the 
Assistance of this Province for the Sums lately ordered by His Most Excellent Maj'>' out of liis 
Treasuries of Virginia and Maryland. Collonel Andrew Hamilton the Proprietors Governors 
of the Jerseys hath proved most zealous and forward to Our Assistance, and hath prevailed 
with the Assembly in these Colonies to give us thirty men with pay from the first of May 
next during the Warr. 

TooMenandstorea ^^^ hardships grow upon US. Canada by a late information hath received 
arnved at Canada ggyg^ hundred meu and Stores of Warr from France this last Summer, Our 
Indians falter and the Enemy pass them and turn their swords upon our Farm", which is 
their great Cunning and likely to prove our Enemies So that now there is no remedy left but 
a Squadron of Ships with land forces next Summer to take Canada and put an end to it or the 
building a Stone Fort at Albany and sending over four Companies of Granadiers from 
England at their Ma"^ charge. These small Colonies on this JMain are much divided in their 
interest and affection as Christian and Turk. 

I hope your Lordships will Consider of the Artillery and Stores I wrote for, and the great 
want of them to furnish a Platform here for the security of this Port and City, I am 

may it please your Lopp' 

Yom' Lo"" most humble and most 

New York the tenth obedient servant, 

of November 1G93. Benjamin Fletcher. 

Order in Council allowing Governor Fletclier to accept tlie present of the As-setnbly 

of N&io - Yorh. 

[Ncw-Tork Entries, in. 87.] 

Att the Court at Whitehall the 11"' of January 169|. 

Present — The King's Most Excellent Maj'^ in Councill. 
ordr for Coll: Upon reading a Report from the R' Hon"'''' the Lords of the Committee of 

> letohre prestfl by ox 

perlc'in "."Yorl-! Trade and Plantations dated the S* instant, Representing that an Act lately 
past by the Assembly of New York, whereby a Rate of One Penny in the pound 
is granted to their ^lajes" to be raised upon all Real! and personal) Estates there, which Rate 
Vol. IV. 10 


the Assembly humbly pray may be allowed to Collonel Fletcher Governor in Cheif in New 
York, in Considerat" of his Care and Vigilance in visiting the Frontiers and putting them into 
a posture of defence and safety. 

It is this day Ordered by His ISIajesty in Councill, that the said Collonel Fletcher be and he 
is hereby permitted to receive the Present intended him by the said Act. Whereof all persons 
concerned are to take notice and to Govern themselves accordingly. 

Rich. Colinge 

Governor Fletcher to the Committee of Trade. 

[Kew-Tork Entries, III. 96.] 

May it please your LoP' 

I send herewith Copies of several papers relating to the present Circumstances of New York 
and Indians of tlie five Nations, by which I humbly offer what discouragement hath Possessed 
them through the Negligence and sloath of our Neighbours leaving the burthen of the warr 
wholly upon this small Province not able to give them that Succour which is requisite, nor to 
make that appearance on the Frontiers which was necessary to Justify all the Parts thereof, 
The French of Canada have new supplys annually from France, and are a growing Vigilent 
Enemy, Our Indians are now upon overtures of Peace with Count Frontiniac and break all 
their Covenants and Engagements with us, would be at a Neutrality but its much feard that 
the French will not allow that upon them, but make them wholly their own, I did foresee so 
sooifas I arrived in New York, and have been unwearied in my applications to our Neighbours, 
And tho' their Majesties out of their true sence of the Condition of their Territories and 
dominions upon this Maine have ordered assistance to be given nothing is done to purpose. 
Their Majes'^ subjects here, tho' considerable in number, are so scattered at a distance, and 
into so many distinct Governments, that they are divided in affection and interest, which 
renders them weak. I sent for Commissioners from each Province and Colony to concert and 
agree .upon Quota's of men and money for the support and defence of the Frontiers during the 
warr, as I have already informed your Lordships (some sent Commissioners others none) those 
that came pretended they could not proceed to Act vdthout a full meeting, so that design is 
frustrated : S"' William gave a positive denyall. 

Their Majesties have Graciously Ordered five hundred pounds from Virginia and .£250 from 
Maryland which was discounted for bills for other sums given before that time at [as] their 
neighbourly assistance notwithstanding [by] their Maje-s"* Order [they] were to be paid out of 
their own Coffers and the Bills from Maryland drawn by Collonel Copley are returned protested. 
There are two hundred forty-five Fusileers upon the Fronteers upon Pay and the Company of 
Granadeers in the Fort ; the farmers circumjacent are all gather'd into the city. I have ordered 
other forces to march from Ulster County, and have issued forth orders to have detachments of the 
militia in readiness to march at beat of Drum and Expect every hour intelhgence of the Enemy's 
approach, when I design to head the militia march to Albany and put my selfe in that Post. I 
shall not be wanting to do my utmost Endeavours for their Majes'^ service. Whilst this small 
Province is thus harrassed, our neighbours are all at ease, and purchase their private advantages. 


I have projected tlie building a platfor'me whereon to raise a battery for the defence of New 
York from attempts by sea being tlie Key and Centre of the English IMantations on this main, 
the Inhabitants are now at work to gett Stockades to fill up the water, it will take some 
time to finish it. 

I hope your Lordsliips will procure the groat gunns and stores I have desired; these I 
brought over witli me are not so long as I could wisii them, Our Rivers being above a mile 
over. I am in want of Money to Pay off the two Companies of Granadiers, which I humbly 
desire your Lori" will cause to be transmitted. I hope their Majes" will provide for the taking 
of Canada next Sumer or send over a Regime at of Foot with money to build a stone Fort at 
Albany, otherwise I do not see how their INIajes" interest on this main can be preserved, this 
Province must sinck under the burthen, which will be the greatest trouble that ever happened 
to their IMajesties Colonies and Provinces upon main, and being each of them under the same 
or worser cii'cumstauces than this Province is attended with at this present juncture. 

May it please your Lordships 
I am 

Your LoP' most faithful and most 
Obedient Servant 
New Yr~k in America Benj : Fletcher. 

the 22"* January 169f . 

Major Peter ScJmyle)' to Goveimor Fletcher. 

[New- York Papers IV. g. 45,] 

May it please yo' Excell: 

This is to accompany the inclosed papers relating to the Indians as soon as I heard of 
Tarrilia the Messenger's arrival I sent for him and tlie letters & desired that two of the 
principall Sachems might come along with the letters to hear the contents of them but they 
say there are no letters come, neverthelssse the messenger Joseph tells me that he beleives the 
Sachims will come I desire yo"' E.xcell will be pleased to signify what your Excell. thinks fitt 
to say to them or if they do not come what answer shall be sent them for I finde that the 
Indians in Generall are inclined for a peace with the French of Canida I have dispatched the 
messenger back to Onondage & sent the Sachims 7 hands of wampum back desireing them to 
come downe heither according to their promise acquainting them that I have sent a post down 
to yo"" Excell. to New Yorke puting them in minde of their engagement and that they were to 
come and treat here and no where else and not suffer themselves to be deluded by the French 
we have an answer of the belt yo"" Excell. sent to the Onnondages three of the Indians being 
returned with 4 bevers sent by 4 of the cheifest Sachims of Onnagonque, wlio thank yo'' Excell. 
■for yo'' good inclinations towards tiiera and will come heither in the Spring with presents to 
treate with yo"" Excell they say they have peace with the English of New England but some 
of their Castles still in warr four of those Sachims are gone to the English to treate of 
peace that the Jesuite who was amongst them is gone home to Canida for as soon as the 
Indians gott rmn at Pemaquid they were abusive to him and lie was forced to retreate tlie 


French labour hard for a peace with our Indians I wish they may not gain their point to our 
prejudice I leave the matter wholly to yo"' Excell. and shall not he wanting to obey what 
orders yo'' Excell. shall be pleased to send in this or any other thing & so shall &= 

Yo"^ Excell. most obedient servant 

Peter Schtjuler. 
Albany 4"' Decern' 1693. 

A true Copy INI. Claekson Secrj- 

Endorsed — Rec"* 13 June 94. 
B.: G: 
P: 45: 


Message of the Onondages to the Governor of -New - YorTc. 

[Xew-Tork Papers, IV. g. 13.] 

Onnondage the 22"' of November 1693. 
I Johannes Luijkasse who went thither with the Smith being sent for by the 
Sachims of Onondage who sayd as followeth : 

We acquaint the Governor and Major Schuijler that the Indian messenger is returned from 
Canida and do now send for you in all haste as we do for all the Indians the Caijouges, 
Senekes, k.c^ to come and keep Council here in Onondage and to hear all the news doe not 
fail to come for we are one flesh and blood and this is matter of great moment we doe not 
passe you by — true it is that it was concluded by us when the messenger went to Canida that 
he should bring the news to Albany and that we all should come there — but since he is come 
here the Council or Assembly shall be kept here now we shall hear all what the French 
have said to the Oneyde and I am charged to acquaint the JIaquas with this Message. 

Signed JoHA^"^"ES Luijkasse 

The said Johannes Luijkasse says that he was charged secretly by the Sachems of 
Onnondage to tell Major Schuijler when he came up towards Onnondage not to hinder the 
Maquas nor Oneijdes as last time from coming to the Assembly but ratherfurther their journey 
that so by a generall consultation of the six once a firme conclusion may be made and desire 
that the partyes may make all possible haste to come up mentioning of tenn days ti [m] e. 
The Messenger Tarriha who is now come from Canida and has brought a belt of wampum 
from the Governor of Canada to the 5 Nations — who says — will have nothing to do with 
Caijenquiragoe the great swift arrow meaning his E.xcellency Benjamin Fletcher but will only 
treate with the five Nations that which concerns them must come from over sea. 

The Onnondage Sachims say further in answer to what was sent to them concerning some" 
Indians to come down from each Nation for scouts and to guard Albany that at the Generall 
meeting that matter shall be treated of 

A true copy examined by Rob' Li\-ingston Johannes Luijkesse says further that Tarriha and 
two of the cheifest Sachims of Oneyde told him that the Governor of Canida had now sent 


for tenn of the principal! Indians of each nation two. to treate with him at Canida and being 
asked what tiie belt of wampnm meant, the said Tarriha said tiiat should be told at the 
Generall Meeting at Onondage and not bel'ore. 
A true Copy 

(signed) M. Clarkson Secry 


Message from Onondage one of the 5 Nations of Indians sent by Johannes 
Luijkasse arrived at Albany the first of Deceni"" 1693. 

Report hraiiglit from Oneyda by Joseph^ a Moltmvh Indian. 

[New-Tork Papers, FV. g. 44.] 

Present — Maj"" Schnijler 

Maj' Wessells Interp'tesse Helle. 

Joseph a Christian Mohaque Indian who was sent with a belt of wampum to Oneijde to 
3mand Tarriha the Messenger come from Canida 
returned this S** of December 1693 — Saith as follows. 

dem.and Tarriha the Messenger come from Canida with letters from the Governor being 

That he delivered his message with the belt of wampum to the Sachims of Oneijde and 
told them they were to meet here at Albany according to what was concluded this summer 
and therefore Tarriha with the French letters were to be sent to Albany upon which the 
Pachims of Oneijde replyed there were no letters come from the Goveniour of Canida that 
they knew off only a belt of wampum which was sent to Ouuondage where all the Sachims of 
the five Nations were designed to meet and consult about that matter and before that meeting 
was over could give no farther answer whether they should come hither or not. 

The said Joseph says he discoursed with Tarriha the messenger come from Canida who 
said as soon as he came neer Mount Ileall he was met by a great man)" Officers and Cheife 
men of the place who asked him where the 800 men were of the five Nations that were to 
come & fall upon them since a Mohaq Indian (called Caghnarageyade) brought the news that 
Tarriha was only sent to betray the French for no sooner would he be come but a great party 
would follow and destroy the French. The said Tarriha was no sooner come but put into a 
cannoe and sent unto Quebeq where he delivered the belt of wampum sent by the five nations 
to the Governor of Canida and told him it was concluded by them not to hearken to any peace 
but if the Governour of Canida was minded to discourse of that matter he must send to 
Albany and do it there where upon the Govern"" was very wroth and tumd his back upon the 
belt and would not receive it, but after he had consulted with the Jesuites that had been 
formerly among the five Nations was advised to take up the belt of wampum and signif)- his 
pleasure by another belt to the 5 Nations which the messenger has now brought whereby he 
demands as he did before ; that two of each nation do come to Quebeq acknowledge their 


Errour and begg peace and then he will receive them again as children nnto his covenant and 
said further to the five nations children you are strangely deluded by the Governour of New 
Yorke who has styled himselfe Caijenquiragoe a strange name not used by any of the former 
Governours of that place will you wage war with the French who have supplyes daily from 
France if you are killed where have you any recruites to supply your places you are 
made beleive that we have a warr with you but we have not begunn yet now I will hang 
over the Great Kettle of warr and show that I am an Enemy to the English for they of Boston 
have been here to visite me and promised to come again but I see none of them and therefore 
I must goe and visite them this winter. 

The said Tarriha sayes there are great preparations making for a design this winter and the 
French say it is upon New England but say likewise they are Enemyes and must not be 
trusted and that the people of Albany may be upon their guard. 

A true Copy M. Clarkson, Secry. 



Joseph the Xian Mohaq's Report from Oneyde Decern"" 2* 1693. 

ReC" 13 June 1694. 

B: G: 

P: 44 

Heverend Mr. Dellms to Governor Fletclw. 

[New- York Papers, IV. g. 19.] 

N : Albany 12 Jann'-'' 169|. 


On the 30"" of Decem'' last came here a writing from the Jesuit Millet, the contents was an 
explanation of the three belts of peace w"^*" the Indian Messengers should bring to the 
Govern"' of Canida, I have coppyed said writeing from word to word, and gave coppy to 
Coll. Ingolsby to be sent to yo"" E.xcell'' The originall together with a Translate made bij mij 
selfe, Maj"" Schuyler tooke with him to Onontage I do find some words to be doubtfull in 
those 2 or 3 lines which do begin, J'ay resolu de m'exposer, &= With yo"^ Excels leave I 
suppose the same to be, That he had hazarded himselfe as being more willing to dye, or to be 
throwne into the Kittle, then to live longer in the Indian Countrij where Humntonchionni gives 
the Goost, Honontonchionni I think do's signify as much as Koiiossioni, which is the whole 
bowse, or all the Indians together; — 

S' I have not answered the Jesuite uppon the letter, w'"'" I sent to yo' Excelly because I saw 
no occasion for it ; I heare that Maj"" Schuyler is coming back and will be liere this day or 
tlie next because of the rumour that the French are comming ag" us or Onontage, What 


truth in that tiding is, time will tell us, if they do attack us I hope God will blesse C armes, 
iu whoese Omnipotent protextiou hy my prayers I do reconmiend yo' Excell'', and remaiue 


W ExcelU" 

Most humble & Dutyfull serv' 
A true Copy 

(signed) David Jamison, 

CI. Concilii. 
Endorsed, Copy. ^ 

M' Dellius. Minister at Albany, 

his letter to his Excell. Ben: Fletcher, & 
N" 9. 
P: 19: 

Interpretation of three Belts sent hy the Five Nations to the Governor of Canada. 

[New-Tork Papers, IT., g. 21.] 

All the Iroquois assembled at Onondaga, having sent an express to me^ at Oneida to invite 
me to repair to Onondaga lor the purpose of writing down the message they had resolved to 
send to Onontio, or to Count de Frontenac, and I having, in consequence, proceeded thither 
with Susan and other Oneidas, they, on exhibitiog to me their belts, authorized me to write 
what follows: 

The 1st. in which there are five black squares on a white ground, indicates the Five Iroquois 
Nations, who have all unanimously agreed to this embassy from the Iroquois to Kebec. They, 
therefore, say by this belt : Here we are, Father Onontio, by your invitation, on your mat, 
and among the rest, I, whom you call te Gannisoran, having for the third time heard your voice 
which called on me by name — Here I am. You enquire, I'm told, what is te Gannisoran 
afraid of, that he hesitates to come ? Father, I fear your war kettle, and it has prevented me 
coming sooner. At last I have resolved to expose myself to destruction, to be thrown into the 
kettle and to die for the preservation of ( iwur /aire rhrc ) the land of the Iroquois or the 
Notinnonchioni, who are at the point of death &c Will you hearken then, Father, to what I 
might say ? I prefer allowing you to speak first, for, they say, the Iroquois have no more 
reason left ; and we shall examine among ourselves and see if it be afterwards in our power 
to satisfy you. 

The lid. which is a large belt and almost entirely black, says, that if Onontio himself 
does not upset his war kettle, this belt of the Iroquois, his children, is for the purpose of 
throwing it down. 

The Hid. belt, which is the longest of all, is to say, that the Iroquois desire their message to 
be transmitted over the sea, and carried even to the Kings of France and of England, 
particularly to the King of France, in order that he, himself, may speak to this article, and 


grant them, if in his power, such a peace as they desire, that is, generally ; not only between 
all the Indians hut between all their relations, especially between the Kings of France and 
England ; and they request tliat they may have an answer as soon as possible. 

Fifty days are allowed these ambassadors ; if they delay as long as sixty, it will cause 

The Iroquois were desirous that I should open the letter which the Minister of Albany wrote 
to the Reverend Father D'Ablon, but as it is sealed I said, we were forbidden so to do, but 
that I should request the Reverend Father D'Ablon to communicate its contents to us, and 

that I should, then, read it to the Iroquois. 

A true copy 

( signed ) M. Clahkson, Secrery. 

Endorsed, Explanation of the three belts carried by the Iroquois ambassadors, who visit 
Onontio pursuant to the resolution unanimously adopted among themselves 
at the meeting at Ounondaga. 
Copy of the Jesuite Wilet, his minutes of the meeting or consultation of the 
Five Nations held at Ounondaga. 
No. 11. 
B: G: 
P: 21: 

Major Ingoldednj to Governor Fletclier. 

[New-Tork Papers, IV. g. 20.] 

May it please your Excell 

I received yo' Excell" letter p. y'' expresse the IG"" of December last with inclosed orders 
for Mnj"' Schuijler's Journey to Onnondage who accordingly prepared all things for his journey 
but 2 days after some of the priucipall Indians coming from thence told us the Sachims were 
coming down which put a stop to his journey for a while thinking it would be much better to 
have them to comply with their promise to yo'' Excell. and come to us then we goe to them 
the 30"' December following we had an expresse come from thence and 2 Sachims who 
advised us that the Sachims could not come that they had had a meeting at Onnondage where 
the Preist Milett was present where some overtures of peace were discoursed of but had 
come to no conclusion till they had heard from hence that they had ordered the Jesuite to 
take minutes of what had passed at the said meeting which they had sent to see if the Preist 
had acted faithfully in the matter who had somewhat enlarged but in the main they had 
agreed to send to Canida and make peace which I beleive they will if not done already and if 
they doe and the French should attack us I cannot beleive they will be neuters but rather 
prove our enemies the copy of said paper is inclosed, this hastened Maj"' Schuijlers journey 
after he had sent on an expresse to them that he was on his way and that they should assemble 
together at Oneyde, he went from hence the S"* instant accompanied with Maj'' Wessells and 
the Interpretesse and being between the Maquaes and Oneydes Castle they gott the alarm 
that the French are comeing upon Onnondage which they rather beleive may be designed 
heither and therefore turn back as your Excell. will see by the inclosed letter. I have sent 




now by this expresse to Coll. Bceckman to send what forces he can gett ready in Ulster 
County with the very first and designe to send for all the farmers in and make what force 1 
can since we have so long warning and doubt not but shall be able to make a good defence 
although the fusileers here in Towne and at the outposts are not above 245 men as your 
E.\c(ill will see b}' the muster rolls sent up now I have not time to enlarge as soon as any 
thing oilers shall send your MxccU an account therefore shall conclude with my duty to your 
Excell & me Lady and that I shall always be 

W Excell 

Dutyfull & Obedient 

humble servant 

Rich: Ingoldesby. 
Albany Jan'-J' IS"-: 9;^ 

for their Maties Service 
To his Excell Ben. Fletcher Captain Generall 
and Governor of New yorke Pensilvania and 
Territoryes thereon depending in America 
&c. in New yorke 

A trae copy 
(signed) David Jamison CI: Coucilii. 

Copy of Coll. Ingoldesby letter of intelligence 
from Albany to his Excell. Ben : Fletcher 
& dated Jan'^ 12"' 9|- N° 10. 
B: G: 
P: 20: 

^ 1 1 » ■ I »i 

Major Peter Schuyler''s Journal^ <&g. 

[ New-Tork Papers, IV. G. 46. ] 

Journall off Maj : Peter Schuyler's intended Journey to y* five nations begunn 
y= 4"^ of January 169| 

After y' I had stayd 14 days for y'' Sachims comeing doune who sent word that they would 
come to Albany & understanding by Johannes Luykasse & Two Sachems sent by them that 
they desyred to be excused from y« Journey in this Season of the yeare I did according to 
his Excell Benj. Fletcher Cap' Gen" Instructions depart from Albany the 4 of January takeing 
Major Wessells and Hille y^ Interpretesse along with me to goe to Oneyde where I had 
appointed y*^ Sachims of the 5 Nations to meet me and arrived that night at Schinnechtadij. 

The 5'^ d». We went from Schinnechtadij, and arrived y' day to y* Praying Maquase Castle 
called Tionondoroge. 

Vol. IV. 



The G"' d°. We went from y'^ first Castle of the j\rohoges to the last where we fonnde all 
the Sachims and young Indiance conveind who receivd us kindly makeing a long speech of 
what had passed in former times with many repetitions were glad to see ns there not doubting 
but it woidd tend to the well being of all the Nations for we said they^ lye amazed & discomfited 
upon our knees and know not what we shall doe wee understand y' it was concluded in the 
last meeting at Onnondage when Maj"' Wessels was there in the Sommer y' y* Gove"" of 
Canida should not be heard speake by any messages but directly at Albany by his Excell. but 
we understand y' Tarriha is again come to Oneyde & y' the French Gov'' doth still insist for 
Commissioners to be sent to him from the 5 Nations to speak of Peace and therefore doubt 
not but y''' are sent for by y" 4 Nations for that purpose altho we are much troubled when we 
consider y^ difficulty of y" way by the extream deep snow which will hinder your journey. 

Maj Peter Schuylers answer to the Mohogs 


You say y'^ lye all discomfited why so? y''' have brisk men, still I doe rear yow up again 
& put yow upon your feet & yow shall goe along with me to the Gen" ineetilig at Oneyde 
where T have called all the 4 Nations together True it is y' Tarrigha the Messenger is arrived 
from Canida, to Oneyde and tiiat the 4 Nations sent word to his Excell: that he was come 
requesting his Excell: to send some Commissioners to be present at a meeting at Onondage 
but before the Messenger came to Albany had sent an expresse to the Sachims acquainting y'" 
tliat I expected them & y'^ Messenger to come douwne to Albany according to y'last conclusion 
made at Onnondage & that in the meantime I would inform his Excell: y"" Gen" of y^ arrival! 
of the Messenger to Oneyde and receive his Excell* commands about it but in stead off" y^ 
Sachims and Messengers comeing doune according to engagement y* 4 Nations send us a 
resolution which they have taken & caused y* Jesuit putt itt upon paper and sent it to Albany 
and woul have our [ajdvise upon it. I have therefore by his Excell. commands undertaken this 
troublesome journey to which I invite the Brethren to goe along with me and help to consult 
y" publike good of y= whole house I have sent an expresse before y' the Sachims doe meet 
me at Oneyde upon W^"* y"" Sachims desyred me to stay y' Sabbath day being y' 7 of January 
& they would counsill together according to there custime & I stayed there the 7 & y' S they 
deputed 4 of there Sachims to accompany me to y" Gen" meeting to goe along with us to 

The 9"' do. Went from y" last Castle of the Mohogs & came to y" old Castle called 
Tionondoge which y'' French burnt last Spring and stayd there y" night. 

The 10"' d". We march'' from Tionondoge & liaveiug gone about 12 miles founde a verry 
deep snow which made me almost resolve to turn back being impossible to p'form the Journey 
upon y^ way a Indian mett us who brought us y* news a[s] 1 writt it y" 10"" Instant from y= 
Oneydes boss^ to which this is referr'' he tokl us further y' the higher we went y'' deeper the 
snow was & y' we could not possibly gett throw upon w'^'' wee resolved to turn back and to 
send 2 Indians forward with a belt of wampum to acquaint y'' 4 Nation y' I was come so farr 
but y" deep snow hindred my comeing to y"" and therefore expected y'' Sachims with a hundred 
brisk young Indians to come with all speed to Albany chargeing them expressly not to send to 

' Sic. Most probably, " for ih^y said we lye ", &c. — Ed. 
' A corruption of the Dut<;h word, " Baas ", signifying, Master. — Er. 


Canida but first to come here y' wee might consult together \vh;it was fittinir to be done in an 

offare of this import & so arrived at Albany on y"^ 12"' d". 

PiETER Schuyler 
A true Copy 

(signed) M : Clarkson Seciy. 

Endorsed — Copy. Journall oi" Maj' Schuijlers 

intended Journey to Onondage begunu the 
4"' of Jan'-y 169|. 
Rec^ 1 -3 June 94. 
B: G: 
P: 46: 

Order in Council to ^^repm-e a Pardon for Leider-'s Adherents. 

[Xew-Tork Entries, III. 91.] 

At the Committee of Trade aud Plantations At the Council Chamber at White- 
hall, the 12"' of March 1G9|. 

Upon reading a Letter from Coll: Fletcher Governor in Cheif of New York dated the 5"" 
of October last Representing that in pursuance of his Maj" order he had discharged all 
Proceedings against Persons for assisting Leisler setting them at Liberty, And that Gerardus 
Beekman Miudert Courteen, Tho: Williams, Johannes Vermellies, Abi-aham Brasier, and 
Abraham Gouverueur being under the sentence of death for the same, he advised them to 
make Apphcation for their Pardon, But on the Contrary not owning their liberty a favour or 
departing from the Ju[s]tification of their Crimes some of them have been Elected of the 
Assembly which Collonel Fletciier could not sutl'er, Wherefore humbly I'rays they may be 
Pardoned or Executed, And the Lords of the Comittee taking notice that upon a former 
Representation of the Committee on the 7"' of April 1692, Her Majesty was pleased to 
declare in Councill that upon the Humble application of the said Persons her Maj"' would 
order them to be pardoned and their Estates to be restored to them as objects of Her Maj" 
mercy, for which nevertheless no application has been since made their Lords?' agree to lay 
this whole nuitter before his Maj'» in Councill, and thereupon to move his Maj"" that for the 
quieting these differences in New York, his Maj'^ would be graciously pleased to order a 
Pardon for the said Persons above menconed to be past the Great Seal at his Maj" charge, and 
that M'' Auron Smith may be directed to solicite the same. 

Memd™ The 15"' of March 169|. 
It was accordingly ordered that the said Pardon be past without Fees. 


Governor Fletcher to the Committee of Trade and Plantations. 

[New-Tork Entries, III. 105.] 

New York the 28"" March 1694. 
May it please your Lqpp^ 

Our Indlan-s of the five Nation.? are now hecome so weary of the warr and so farr prevailed 
upon hy tlie presents and Power of the French of Canada tliat it is impossible to engage them 
to turn their Arms that way ; by the papers accompanying this j'our Lordships will perceive 
what stepps the Indians have already made towards a Peace. I have been at great charge 
He is going to Ai- ^nd pains to divert them hitherto, and am now going to meet them at Albanjs 
tii'o"\ndian'sTroin It is belcived by the best Experienced people in this Country there's a Necessity 

irpatina: witli the i • i p i • 

jrencii to givc way to their humour oi making peace with Canada, including the 

safety of this Province, Provided the French nor the Indians make no Incusions upon us 
nor come on this side the Lake, but I doubt they cannot be neutrall. Nothing has given 
discouragement to the heathen more than the weakness of Our Forces being negle[c]ted by our 
Neighbours, the warr is left wholy to a small handful of people in this Province who are [in] the 
first line of Battle, and by Necessity must be Exposed to defend Our Neighbours on the Maine 
whilst they sit at ease, Our Assembly did lately sitt and in hopes of speedy releif have 
A Subsidy raised Ordered subsidy for one hundred and seventy men for one year to commence first 

for ITO men for a tiiii ^ii ■ t i 

Year. 01 May uext. 1 hardly know where to find the men or money without the ruin 

of a great many familys, most of our j'outh are removed into our Neighbouring Colonies to 
avoid the payments or service. And Except thirty men from the Jerseys (which is due to the 
Conduct of Coll. Andrew Hamilton their Governor) we are like to have no Assistance from 
sr William piiips any of them, S"' William Phipps gave the positive denyall, Virginiaand Maryland 

lias refused his -^ ■ r-\ ■* iii i.-mt-^^i 

assistance. by tlioir Commissioner pretended tliat by their Maj'^ Order they were only 

required to concerte and agree with the Neighbouring Colonies concerning Quota's of Men and 
other assistance to defend the Fronteers during the warr, therefore could not proceed unless 
the rest would comply Their Maj" did likewise order five hundred pounds Sterl: out of their 
coffers in Virginia and two hundred and fifty pounds Sterl: from Maryland, which is not paid, 
they discount the said sums by former assistance in bills given long before they received their 
Maj" Orders, which bills were here understood to be the benevolence of their Assemblys ; and 
The Maryland those We had froiii Maryland for three hundred sixty-two pounds eight shillings 
liiiia Protested. drawn by CoUonel Copley upon Richard Hutcheson Esq" in London are returned 
p.ii?iivaniawiii ^^ ^^ protested. Pensilvania will neither kill Contribute aid to the Ann of flesh, 
not eontrdrate. ^^ ^]_^^j. ^^^j^^ Proviuce is rent and torn in peeces, most of the Inhabitants either 
removed to Pensilvania or Connecticutt in the time of the disorder of Jacob Leisler deceased 
(lid assist him at Albany with one hundred men and Maintenance, but since the arrival of 
Connecticutt afford Govei""' Slouglitcr with authority from the Great Seal of England they have neither 
no assistance. added oue uiau nor one farthing to the Assistance of this Province though 

abundantly nearer Scituate to our Fronteers than Long Island (now called Nassaw) which is 
above two-thirds of this Government. 

I hope your Lordships will it into serious Consideration the Circumstance of their Province, 
and favour these requests which I have given in my Memoriall presented to your Lordships 


for the relief and defence of this their Maj'' Province more particularly the pay of the two 
Companies of Granadiers wlio are in great want thereof. 

I am, 
May it please your Lopp' Your most obed' most faithfuU 

humble Servant 

Benj: Flktcher. 

J^ropositions of fhe Five Nations at Albany. 

[Board of Papprs, Xi>w-Tork, HI.] 

Propositions made by the Sachims of the Five Nations the Maquns, Oneydes, 
Onnondages, Cayouges and Sinnekes in the Citty Hall of Albany the 2"'' 
day of FebrJ 169|. 

Present — The Mayor and Aldermen. 

Deganistore, Sachim of Onnondage Speaker. 
Brother Cayenquiragoe and Quider. 

[ Cayenquiragoe in their langunge signifies Great Swift Arrow, the name whicli tlier gave to His Kxoell: Benj: 
Fletcher, for his expeditions coming to their assistance, when the French and their Indians came to destroy their 
Castles in Febry 1G9| which thej- repeat at every article, tho' his Excelley is not present in person; afterwards 
they add Quider, which is a name they give Major Schuyler, whom they desire to communicate their speech to 
his Excelley.] 

Wee the Representatives of the Five Nations are come hither to acquaint you that our 
children tlie Oneydes one of the Five Nations have of their own accord sent a Messenger to 
Canida wiio returning brouglit us a belt of peace from the Gov"' of Canida but we answered 
him that we being dependants of this Govern' could not resolve to any thing without 

As soon as Tarriha the Messenger from Oneyde came to Canida with our message and Belt, 
the French asked him where the six hundred Men were to come to attack them, for 
Cannockhere a Maquass deserter told them that it was concluded by the Five Nations to 
betray them, but Tarriha told them, there was no such thing. 

Tarriha being come to Quebec to the Gov' delivered the Belt, and told the Count Frontiuiac, 
that if he would have peace he must goe to Albany and get it, for the Five Nations would do 
nothing without Cayenquiragoe. Upon which the Gov' of Canida was angry and said, he had 
nothing to doe with the Gov' of New Yorke, he would only treat with the Five Nations, for 
the peace that related to the Christians must come from over sea, and said furtjier, he was 
sorry to see the Five Nations so much degenerate as to receive the English at their fires in 
Onnondage and submitt to them, wherein formerly they were only Five Nations, and now 
they had taken in the sixth Nation to rule over them. 

The Gov' of Canida said further, if you had told me to come and treats in any of your 
Castles, I would have come, but you tell nie I must go to Albany, which is a place I can not 
goe to, to treat of that subject ; you have done very ill to let the people of Albany so triumph 


over yoii that 3^011 can doe notliing without their consent, therefore I must tell you again, that 
two of each Nation come to me, wliereof Dekauitsore must be one, I having orders from the 
Kin" my Master that if you come in your proper persons and desire peace to grant it to you. 

Children of the Five Nations! — said the Governor of Canida, I have compassion upon you 
little children, tlierefore come speedily and speake of peace, else I will stop my ears for the 
future and by all means let Dekanitsore come, for if the Maquasse come alone, I will not 
hear them, lett some of all the Five Nations come. Now Tarriha goe home and tell the Five 
Nations this, and that I will stay for their comeing till the trees budd or the Bark runn in the 
spring. I go home for France and leave a Gentleman here to command, and if you come not 
in that time, he has my orders to raise souldiers, and see then what will become of you. I 
am really much concerned and grieved to see that tlie Five Nations are so much debauched 
by Cavenquiragoe the Gov"" of New Yorke, who is come in a ship lately to that Country and 
bv Quider ; for formerly the Cheife of the Five Nations used to come and converse with me 
but now the Gov"' of New Yorke has soe much deluded them, that they will not hearken, but 
let them see what will follow if they proceed. Here ends the Gov"' of Canida's discourse 
with Tarriha the Oneyde JMessenger who arrived with the IMessage in Oneyde in November 

The Five Nations by their Speaker Deganitsore, make their apology, that they did not take 
the letters from Tarriha and send them to Albany according to their promise, laying the blame 
upon the Oneydes whom they had enjoy [n]ed to do it, but they have deceived them. 

They also make their apology for their not coming hither to Albany as soon as Tarriha came, 
to consult about the Second Belt sent by the GoV of Canida; the reason was, because 
Aquenderonde the Cheife Sachem of the Onnondage had a sore leg and could not travaill,' 
whereupon he ( Dekanitsore the Speaker) took upon him to call the meeting at Onnondage 
and invited Quider to it. 

When the four Nations were convened at Onnondage (the Maquas were not there) the 
Sinnekes, Cayouges, & Oneydes said: why do we not go to Albany as it was concluded in the 
last general meeting, and there consult on this weighty affair; but the Onnondages replyed, 
no, let us send for Quider heither with the Maquaes, since Kagueendaronda is not fit to travail, 
and so sent a Messenger accordingly ; when they had been convened some days the Sinnekes, 
Cayouges & Oneydes asked the Onnondages if they were fully resolved to keep the meeting 
at Onnondage and not go to Albany, and if they would conclude any thing upon the Gov^ of 
Canida's second Belt; the Onnondage replyed, Yea, we are fully resolved to send an answer to 
Count Frontiniac, then the three Nations tlu'ew each a Belt of Wampum down for the 
Onnondages and said, let us then answer the Gov'' of Canida of peace. 

The Onnondages took up the three Belts and said, they thanked them, but withall said, they 
would send no Message to the Gov^ of Canida, with the advice and consent of the Brethren of 
the East, that is this Gov"', and the Mohawques and thereupon resolved to send an account to 
Albany of all their proceedings for they had in said meeting proposed to send three Belts of 
Wampum to Canida with the following propositions ; but not without the consent and 
knowledge of Quider. 

First Belt. Onnondio (the name they give the Gov' of Canada) you have often send for 
me, and now I am come ; you asked why I was aftraid to come, the reason is because of the 
Great Kettle of Warr, which you hung over, but now since I am come will you grant what I 

' This, in the Indian Idiom, signifies a trifling excuse of an unwilling person. Colden'sHial. Five Nations, 8vo., 168. — Ed. 


shall ask with the other two Belts I brought along with iiie ; and soe desigue to lay down the 
first Belt. 

Second Belt. We doe not only throw down the kettle of warr and spill it but break the 
kettle into pieces that it may not be able to be hung over again, meaning an everlasting peace. 

Third Belt. Hearken Onnondio, You are sent from the French King j'our ISIaste'r as 
Cayenquiragoe is sent from our King and Queen of England what I am now going to say to 
you is by inspiration of the Great God in Heaven. Yovi say yon will have nothing to doe with 
our Brethren of Cayenquiragoe's Govern', but w^e must tell you we are inseparable, we can 
have no peace with you so long as you are in warr with them, we must all stand and fall 
together, therefore we can doe nothing in it nor have peace except our Bretbren and you are 
in peace. 

This being concluded the Jesuit Millet who was sent for to Onnondage, insisted very mucli 
to have that honour to make two propositions with two Belts to send to Canida to promote the 
publick good, (he being in the room of a principal Sachem of Oneyde became Sachim in his 
stead, and therefore has a vote with the rest of the Sachims of Oneyde ; there is likewise a 
(gentleman lately taken prisoner from Canida and given in the room of the Cheife Sachim of 
Onnondage) The preist was told to speak and to write what he had spoak, who spoke as he 
writt in the paper, which we brought only with this distinction that Lambervillc the Preist was 
to be sent for back from France to Mount Reall not to Onnondage, and that they doe not 
acknowledge him for their pastor. 

The Speaker Dekanitsore proceeded in a long discourse related how that two Indian 
Squaes were running away from Quebecq, who met with six Sinnekes a hunting, one of the 
said Squaes staid with the Sinnekes, but the other went to the Canida Indian praying Castle 
called Cachanuage, & there told the gi'eat inclination she had to go to her own Country again, 
whereupon, tlie Sachim of the French praying Indians called Tatachquiserax said that he was 
sorry for the Five Nations since if they would not make peace with the French, they would 
go in the spring with a great army and destroy them and their Castles but take possession of 
their Country, for the Gov'' of Canida was makeing great preparations, had given orders for 
the makeing of Draechbants or Bells, they carry packs withall by 200 and 400 and therefore 
told the said squae, that he would send an Indian along witli her to Onnondage to warn the 
Five Nations to come speedily before the French destroyed tlieni ; the said Squae and Indian 
arriving at Onnondage they sent for all their Indians from hunting that they might see, they 
were upon their guard and sent for the six hundred Indians that ly between them and Canidii, 
whom the said Indian and Squae passed by and despatched the Indian back to Canida, with 
another Indian of their Castle since he could not goe soe farr away alone and with him a 
Belt of Wampum, whereby they sent them word, that they would come in the spring and 
speak with the Gov"" of Canida, for, said Cauisore, here is the Flagg which is delivered 
me to be the sign and so sent them back to Canida. 

This is a true account of all the Messages we have received from Canada, and as for the 
Preist Millet that lives in Oneyde we have been often told by the Gov' Cayenquiragoe and 
Quider and indeed by all of any note that loved our welfare that the said Jesuite would 
deceive and delude us and we finde it now to be true by his own letters which he has wrote 
and now interpreted to us by Dfius Dellins, but by all his art and subtilty he has not so far 
deluded us, but we are still the same people as we were, and therefore shall not trust him for 
the future. 


After this the Speaker Dekauitsore stood up and said. 

Brother Cayenquiragoe and Quider. 

Whatever misunderstandings have arisen betvi^eeu us occasioned by Jesuites letters or 
otherwise let them be buryed in oblivion and our hearts re-established in love and unity as 
formerly, and whatever storys may be brought upon by the Rumcarryers, believe them not till 
you have a token from us. We have now told you what the Gov"" of Canida says and his 
words are now before you, therefore consult wiiat is proper to be done and acquaint us that 
we may consider ixpon it ; we are now come to you, and if there should be occasion for your 
company in the Countrey, by reason of our Sachims indisposall, we desire that you be not 
backwards to come, doe give a Belt of Wampum 11 deep and seven fathom wampum. 

After they had done speaking, the letter which Diie Dellius received yesterday of the Preist 
Millet was interpreted to them as also the said Jesuits explanation of the 3 Belts that the 
Five Nations would have sent to the Gov'' of Canada and the explication of the two Belts of 
wampum which he desired he might send to Canida. And the Sachims were dismissed and 
told to meet tomorrow when they should have an answer. 

Albany the 3^'' of Febr? 169|. 
Major Peter Schuyler's answer to the Five Nations. 

Brethren. As soon as I had notice of Tarriha's returne with the second Pelt of Peace from 
Count Frontiniac Gov'' of Canida, I sent to his Excellency Cayenquiragoe our Gov"' General 
the news but never did imagine that you would be so treacherous to your own interest and 
promise as to offer, to have called any meeting to consult of that matter, when it was so 
positively agreed upon at the last meeting at Onnoudage that Albany was the place of meeting, 
and that all power was given to Cayenquiragoe over the Five Nations as the Gov' of Canida 
has over his Indians, and further, that none of the Brethren were to hearken in the least to 
that perfidous Enemy, but immediately to have sent their Messenger and his letters and belt 
heither. You may be sure his Excel^^ will not be satisfyed with your apology and excuse in a 
matter of so great import, after your engagement to Act nothing without his knowledge and 
consent, if you had imployed your time to perswade your Children of Oneyde as you call 
them to deliver up the Preist Millet according to their promise who is a pest in your Countrey 
and puts you upon all these irregularytyes, you would have done better. 

You have now related to me the transactions in your Country concerning the affairs of 
Canada and say, that the words of the Gov'' of Canada is now before me ; I need not take 
much time to consult about it, having his ExcelP^' particular commands lately from New 
Yorke to tell you that you break of holding any correspondence with the French or sending to 
Canida, but on the contrary to deliver up the Preist Millet who daily betrays all your actions. 

Brethren. I need not enumerate the many tokens his ExcelP'' Cayenquiragoe has given 
how firm and strickt he keeps the old Covenant Chain since his arrival to the Govern', for 
before ever he saw your faces he would not hear the P'arr Nations (who made their application 
at New Yorke) speak of peace until they came to Albany, the place of Treaty and the Five 
Nations present. 

This Govern' hath been always true and steadfast to you and ready at all times to protect 
and defend you against the French as when they came to hurt you in February last, nay I 


would fain know if any of the Brethren can tax us or instance any one thing wherein you ever 
found this Govern' unfaithful to you, and on the contrary, have not the French (of whom you 
have received this last Belt of peace and sent them word you will come to them in the spring) 
always been perfidous to you and wlien they speak most of peace they have warr in their 
hearts ; did not they do so at Cadaracqui. The Gov'' of Canada expects you shall come to him 
and ask peace and forgiveness and become his Children and Slaves, whilst in the mean time he 
is afraid of your greatuesse ; the French have alwayes done the first mischeife, even in time of 
peace, and ought to beg your pardon and forviveness in your own Country if they desire it 
which if they doe that, you then signify it to his Excell'^J' the Great Swift Arrow and take his 
advice and directions. 

• I am ashamed to see such a consternation and confusion among the Brethren of the 
Mohawques when I passed by 3 weeks agoe complaining, that they were got upon their knees, 
whom I was-forced to rear up — the French have not brought you so low yet, are we not all 
in one Covenant Chaine, it is against the honour of your Ancestors to truckle to the French 
and the going to Canada for peace will be a marke that you are in the wrong and bring you 
and posterity into perpetual infamy & slavery to the French for ever hereafter. His Excell'^ 
has charged me further to tell you that if the French have any thing to offer to you in your 
own Country, he promises upon intimation thereof to give them a passe for their protection 
to come along with you to Albany when his Excell : will meet and speak with you and I doe 
therefore now in his Excell'^' name warn you to be here with the principal Sachims of the five 
nations in seaventy dayes, when his Excell : will be here to meet you. 

Lastly, not to burthen your memorys, remember but these two things, and tell it to the rest 
of the Sachims as soon as you come home, not to keep any the least correspondence with the 
French, but be faithful to your last agreement made at Onnondage, not to doe any thing 
without Cayenquiragoes advice and consent. Doe give a Belt. 

Next, that you will be faithful and faile not to be here at Albany to meet his Excell''' in 70 
dayes time, & that you Dekanitsore come along with the Sachims, and I will send his Excell'^ 
an account accordingly. Doe give a Belt of wampum. 

The Five Nations Reply to Major Schuyler's answer in Albany the 5"" of 
February 169|. 

Brother Cayenquiragoe and Quider. 

The Gov"' of Caiiida has often sent for us to treat a peace upon wliicli we have had several 
consultations, in the mean time Cayenquiragoe and the INIaquaes have with patience waited 
for our comeing hither and wee Five Nations are come now to acquaint you, that what 3'ou 
have said to us now is acceptable, all misunderstandings being taken away, you have told us 
to keep no correspondence with the French and given us a Belt of wampum thereupon w"^"" 
Belt we will lay before the Souldiers of the Mohawks, Oneydes, Onnondages, Cayouges, 
and Sinnekes, & waite their answer. We have undiirstood that you also tell us, that if 
any of the J'rench or their praying Indians come to us in our Countrey to treate that we 
shall bring them hither and that they shall have a free passe and not be molested, you have 
also proposed to us to be here in 70 dayes to meet his Excel^^, which we accept and promise 
to doe, we have never disobeyed your commands as it was concluded at Onnondage, that all 
sliould be referred to his Excell"=>', so we acquiesce and hold that resolution firme, but as for 
Vol. IV. V2 


the Dekauitsore to come in person, I cannot promise, before the Assembly of our Nations 
have concbided the point, and if they think fit to send me, I shall be willingly to come. 

We did not expect when we came hither, to hear that positive proposition of not keeping 
any correspondence with the French, there is now a time of 70 dayes appointed to meet 
again if there be any mischeife done by the Enemy, in the mean time let nobody complain, 
neither let us blame one another, and if there be any thing further to be said, let it be spoak 
now while we are convened together. Doe give a Belt of Wampum 14 deep. 

We conclude with that repetition, that if there be any thing else that can be devised or 
thought upon for the publick good and our preservation and security in general, let it be 
proposed now and consulted while we are together, and so ended their discourse. 

After they had done. Major Schuyler asked whether they did not now promise to stop ail 
correspondence with the French, either by the Jesuite or otherwise for the space of 70 dayes 
and until they see his Excell : Cayenquiragoe. 

The said Dekanitsore answered, that he would lay downe the Belt of Wampum in all the 
Five Castles and tell that by it was signifyed to hinder all correspondence with the French, but 
he would engage that they will perform it. 

Major Peter Schuyler's Answer to the Five Nations' Reply — 

Albany the G"" of February 169|. 

Brethren. I have convened you together again to tell you that I am not satisfied with your 
dubious answer, yon made yesterday, it not being agreeable to the proposal made to you by 
His Excell'"'''' commands, therefore I would have you be plain, and consider better of it and 
give me your answer; I would not have you to truckle to so perfidious a people as the French 
have alwayes proved themselves to you, doe not be discouraged. Doe give a Belt of wampum. 

It seems the Heavens are propitious unto us, for this day we have the Forerunners of the 
Showannees Farr Indians come to Towne with one of our Christians that was sent thither, 
who gives us an account that they are coming with seaven Nations of Indians with women 
and children, in all a thousand souls, and are upon the way hither with Arnout the Interpreter; 
as you have the news from their own mouths, therefore be brisk, be not afraid, & acquaint the 
Five Nations herewith when you come home. Doe give five fathom wampum. 

The 7"" February 169|. Aftemoone. 

Present — Major Schuyler. — P"- Bogardus — 

John Abeel, Mayor. Albert Ryckman — 

Dirck Wessels Recorder — Martyu Gerrytse — 

Evert Banker — Gerrit Theunisse — 

Jan Janse Bleeker — Dirck Theunisse — 

Jan Lansingh — Killian van Ranslaer — 
P"" Vosburgh. 

The Sachims of the Five Nations being convened in the Citty Hall, the Speaker of the 
Five Nations Dekanitsore came and called Major Schuyler and the Mayor and Aldermen and 
Justices of Albany wlio were all in To\TOe being sessions time, and said they were ready to 
speak, saying: 


We have according to your desire, maturely considered the affair you told us of yesterday 
and earnestly desire that you would be pleased to grant that which we have considered, and 
desired an answer thereupon. 

Major Schuyler answered, that whatever should he proper (or him to grant, he would do it, 
especially if it were for the honour and safety. 

The Indians said: 

Brethren. You have now shut up the way from hence to Canada, .and we agree and concurr 
in the matter, but think it requisite to send a Messenger to their praying Indians, to tell liiat 
we do not come because we have committed an errour this fall, by sending an Indian of 
Onnondage back to Canida with the French praying Indian, to tell the Gov' of Canida of our 
coming in the spring, but we finde the .Tesuite is false in all his doings, and therefore we will 
send word to the French praying Indians by this way over the Lake, that the French need not 
expect us iu the spring, for we must attend Cayenquiragoes Commands ; we do not designe 
by this Messague to send for the Gov"' of Canida heither, but to hear what he has to say. — 

We have concluded to send two Messengers, a Maquaes and an Onnondage, the one called 
Adaggeras, and the other Ohistade, and we desire that this may be granted, and as a token 
that you approve of our proposition, we desire that you will be p[l ]eased to send me along with 
them, and if not, at least to write the explanation of our Belts and Message, that there may be 
no mistake and that the French may take no advantage. 

Major Peter Schuyler produced his Excell'^y'' instruct"' and caused them to be read before 
the Mayor and Aldermen and Justices asking their opinion, if he could grant to send the said 
Messengers as the Ind'" desire. 

Whereupon they answered, nem: con: that since they finde it impossible to keepe them 
from makeiug peace with the French or keeping Correspondence with them, that the granting 
their sending of Messengers to the French Praying Indians this way, may divert them from 
further treaty for the present and the Message be only to tell them, that they can not expect 
the Five Nations in the Spring, as they promised since they are to meet his Excel^^ 
Cayenquiragoe, that if the French or their Indians, had any thing to say to the Five Nations, 
they might come to them in their own Countrey and in the mean time, there be no 
correspondency with the French from their Country till they had seen his Excell'"''. 

The Indians were answered that it should be granted them to send the two Messengers upon 
the aforesaid conditions, that neither Priest nor any other Indian should correspond or send or 
go to Canada till they had spoak with his Excell''' and that the Messengers are to tell the 
Praying Indians, that they must not expect Conimiss" from the Five Nations in the Spring 
as they promised, since the Gov'' Cayenquiragoe has laid his commands upon them to meet 
him at Albany, and that if the French or their praying Indians have any thing to say to tliem, 
they may come to them in their Countrey, for Cayenquiragoe has promised them a passe that 
they may freely come to Albany, where he will meet them. 

Albany the S'" of FebrJ- 169 J. 

This was agreed to, and the Indians desired this to be added, that in the mean time there be 
a cessation on both sides till the Messengers return. 

Albany the 9'^ of Febry 169^:. 

After the three proposals were translated into French, the Sachims of the Five Nations 
came to Major Schuyler at the Maqua's house and said ; The Five Nations do grant, they 


have committed a mistake in sending to Canida without the knowledge of this Govern', do 
therefore desire leave of Quider who represents his Excell'^y Cayenquiragoe the Great Swift 
Arrow, to send two Messengers to the Canida praying Indians, with the following Message and 
tendered three Belts of Wampum to he given with the proposals. 

Major Schuyler told them to give the three Belts to the Messengers themselves and tell what 
they should say, and it should be so sett down upon the paper, which they agreed upon, should 
be as follows : 

Explication of three Belts of Wampum which the Sachims of the Five Nations, 
convened at Albany the 9"" day of February 169|, do send to the Jernaistes, 
or French praying Indians of Canida, by two Indians, a Maquas and 

1; The first Belt says that the Sachims cannot come to Canida in the Spring as they sent 
word by the last Messenger from Onnondage, for the Gov'' Gen" Cayenquiragoe the Great 
Swift Arrow, has sent for all the Indians to meet him at Albany in April next, when the Five 
Nations have concluded to be present. 

2. The second Belt says, that if the Jernaistes, the French praying Indians, or the French 
have any thing to offer to the Five Nations, they may come to them in their own Countrey, 
this Belt opens the way to come and go in all security. 

3. The third Belt signifyes that their hatchet of warr and that also of their friends, shall be 
bound till they have an answer hereof which they expect in 40 dayes, provided that the 
French and Canida Indians during that time also binde up theire hatchett of warr. 

With which explanation and three Belts the two Messengers went from the Flatts to Canida 
the 10"» of Febr'' and four Christians that had been out Scouts went to convey them as farr as 
the great Lake 

a true copy. M. Clarkson, Sec"'. 

Reverend Mr. Dellius to Governor Fletcher. 

[New- York, B. T., V. O. 50.] 

New Albany 12 Feb : 169|. 

When the agents of the Indians were in this Citty on the 2^ of this instant month, came to 
my hands from the Jesuit Milet the inclosed letters with G gold Spaunish pistolles, to buy for 
him some shirts and stockins, which letter I have answered as appeares by the inclosed Coppy, 
w'"" was sent him with the s'' goods. Uppon the desire of the Indians but chiefly of Maj' 
Shuyler have I translated into Frensh the explication of the Belts which two Indians tooke 
with them to Canida, in an open paper. The Kannassoor who was the Cheif of the 
Messengers here, insisted verry much to have a coppy, to the end the Frensh, as he alledged, 
should not deceive him with a wrong explication, w'^'' s'' coppy was given him. 


S' itt is almost incredible how much the Indians are inclined to make peace with tiie 
Frensh; and to divert them therein have I infused tiie I'roselites and by them the other 
Mohaakx, that they have tlie greatest reasons to be dissatisfyed about the proceedings of the 
other Indians, who have without their preallabel advice and consent, thus farr treated for 
peace with the Frensh ; and by them I gave alsoo the other Nations to understand that tliey 
could not make any peace with the Frensh, without breaking their word & covenant with yo' 
Excell. and in time to make all the Iiiilians and Christians of this and the other governm"' to 
be their ennimies, and when they should once happen to fall into warre againe with the Frencli, 
which would undoubtedly [be] ere long, as the experience of former times have evidently 
made apeare, were they, with their wives and children then would bee, and to whom they 
should fly for succour.' And therefore if they continued in those proceedings tiiey would find 
them most pernicious for their country and people. These and the like reasons did prevaile upon 
them for that time ; but I am apprehensive that by the delusions of the Jesuit in their country 
they will be otherwise perswaded. I hope the affairs may continue in the posture they now 
are till your Excell. arrivall here, when I doubt not but by your Excell. prudent conduct and 
wisdom all may be brought to a good end, and in the interim recomanding your Excell. by my 
prayers, in the protection of the Almighty God, with a profound respect I am, Sir, 

Your Excell. most humble & 

most obed' Serv' 

A true Copy. 

(signed) M. Clarkson, Secry. 


"Copy. Translation of M' Dellius letter 
"to his Excell. Ben: Fletcher dat. 12 Feb. 

R&verend Father MUet to the Reverend Mr. Delliua. 

[New-York Papers, IV. Q. 48.] 

OnneiSt y* 31 of Jan^ 1694. 

The peace of Jesus Christ 

It is with some averseness I write because I have not received an answer to that which I 
writt to you by Oannonroxas d'Aunie, which was of consequence. 

My Brothers Bannasitoron and Tarsha makes me take the pen in my hand again, to know 
what has bin the occasion of severall false reports & ill discourses which dishonours the 
Agoiandres Iroquois 

They called me to Onnontage where they were assembled, and made me write in full 
councill, where I desired the Armourer and Smith of Onnontage might assist, after I had given 

' Sic. Probably intend ei to r«ad, " where would they, with their \Ti ves and children then bee, and to whom shovUd they 
fly for succour." — Ed. 


the paper to Bagsantara, he asked my leave to send it to Albany. I told him I had made him 
Master of it by putting it into his hands, and* that it was his writeing, or the resolution of the 
whole councill rather then mine, because tliere was one article in the explication of the first 
Belt I did not approve of, and which was against the true Christian manner of speaking, or of 
children well instructed according to the order of God. 

Bagsontara had ordered the Messenger to bring back the said paper, and to make three, so 
that they might desire the Minister of Albany to inform us in French or Iroquois what the 
could dislike that it may be corrected in the Councill if it should seem convenient, because 
they endeavour to doe things soe well, tliat they may not be reproached Wee are seen from 
Heaven, and from farr upon Earth. 

The Messenger in goeing by said that M'' Schuyler was bringing the paper and letters not 
only from Mons"" the Minister but alsoe from Bonando all this proved false. They make me 
write this letter to know what there is of truth, and what has bin disliked in the explication of 
the three Belts because all is not soe firmly done, as not to be altered, if it be thought 
convenient therefore those articles must be marked, upon which any objection shall be made. 

I am informed they discourse att Albany my letters must not be carryed to Cannada, and 
they desire to know who is the Author of these reports'? and if he would have the 
Ambassadors ill received or that they should not returne ? ' Tis well known that without my 
letters Tarsha had not returned as he did his returne shews the malice of these Calumnies, 
and of many others. I add that the Councill of Oneyd have resolved to send me w"' the 
Ambassadors which are designed for Montreal or Quebec, and therefore I may be the 
Messenger my self of your letter w'"" I received from your Gannisoren and of what else you 
will add. I recomend this Journey to your prayers, and am with all my heart 

S'' your most humble & obliged serv' in 

our Lord Peter Millett of y^ Society of Jesus. 

I have six Spanish Pistolls given me to assist the Poor, the Orphans, and the other unhappy 
wretches of this Mission, be pleased S"' to give them to your Lady that she may buy some 
shirts great and small & some stockings as cheap as possible. 

I shall write to Cannada what I will receive, and they will partake of the benefitt and of 
the Glory which will return to God. If this Messenger and a lame woman called Haunhcion 
one of my sisters can't carry all, I desire to write to me what remaines, so that I may have 
it brought by another oppertunity. 

They sent this time Spanish gold rather then French, to the end it may give no suspition. 
Our profession obligeth us to be obligeing to all, and to offend none? Why do they then 
despise us ? and why doe they endeavour to cry us down by severall false imputations. Is it 
not enough that wee have suffered within this five yeares. S'' yon spoke to me about 
endeavouring my deliverance, but if those slanderers had bin beleived, instead of my being 
delivered they would have added to my bondage. What will these gentlemen say to God 
when he makes sensible of the good entertainm' I have received from the Indians in 
comparison to what they have said and done against me God forgive them as we wish he 
will forgive all. 

To M-- Godefridus Dellius 

Minister of Albany 

A true Copy 

{ signed ) M : Clahkson, S^cry 


Endorsed — Copy translation. 

The Jesuite Milett's Lr6 to M-- 

Dellius at Albany dated SI"- Jan'^ 169|. 
Rec^ 13 June 1694. 
B: G: 
P: 48: 

Reverend Mr. Dellius to JReoeread Fatlier Milet. 

[Now-Tork Papers, IV. G. 49.] 

Albany the 9"' of Feby 1694. 

You write to me I have not answered your letter of the 9"" of Decemb' last, the measures 
you take obliged me to the contrary, for to say that if the English Gentlemen did not take 
care they would make themselves the sole authors of the Warr, and that they heap mountains 
of difficulties one upon the other, and digg Precipices and Abysses from whence'they can never 
withdraw without a speedy recourse to the mercy of God and imploreing the Clemency of 
true Kings, whom God has established as his Lieuten" of Earth. S^ Between you and I, you 
ought to know the English Gentlemen does not fear the French Gent : they are strong enough 
of themselves to resist them, as was evident last Winter in the Woods, and besides the King 
has sent his orders, by the last vessells that arrived from England to the Govemours of 
Virginia Maryland and New England to joyne their forces with those of Albany, so 

that you see they are not yet reduced to that condicon that they must speedily implore the 
clemency of your King. You aske my advice in your letter of the 31" of Jan^ 1694 upon the 
explication you have made upon the Belts. I tell you sincerely that it is directly in opposition 
to a peace and to what you write almost in all your letters that you are a friend and a servant 
to the English, for after what manner would you have these words upon the first Belt 
explained, it gives Mons"' Le Comte a fine Game to play who has taken the Iroquois for his 
children to re-establish their aflliires, to strengthen their Cabane, and chiefly to render their 
land independant to quite another Master and to regulate all well for the time to come, and also 
those of the second Belt. That they require the Reverend Father John De Lamberville or 
Tajorhensere that they all own him for their Pastor, and cry out highly to be defended against 
the Wolves,. and other visible and invisible Enemies that infest their Land & seems to devour 
them all and make them perish. 

S"" I leave it to you to judge if these are true methods to advance tlie peace, for the which 
you say you have taken so much paines, as for me I am apt to beleive, it is rather to kindle 
then extinguish the War, so that as long as you continue these maxims there is noe hopes of 
success toward a peace. If the French desires it lett them take good resolutions upon what 
the Agiandres Iroquois informs them by three Belts which they have sent this day from hence 
to y" KarigSistes of Canada, and that they may not be misinterpreted the Agiandres' have 
desired me to write down the signification of them, and that none may deceive them I have 
given a copy of the same to Tekannasore. 

1 Agayandret, or Sachems of the Five Xations. Colden't Five Nations, 1C3. — Ep. 


As for the six Spanish Pistolls w'='' you sent me my wife has bought 26 shirts and 26 pair of 

stockings. I have given them all to the Messenger that brought the gold and to that lame 

woman you call your sister, So S"" If I can serve you in any thing else you need but command 

Your most humble Serv' 

A true Copy. M. Clarkson Secry. 

Endorsed — Copy translation of M'' Dellius letter 
from Albany to the Jesuite Milett at 
Oneijde dated 9"" February 169|. ReC" 13"> June 1694. 

B: G: 

P: 49: 

^ ■ ■ » ■ I » 

Interpretation of tlie three Belts to he sent to Canada hy the Five Nations. 

[ New-York Papers, IV. G. 41. ] 

The Interpretation of the 3 Belts to be sent to Canida. 
[Omitted, being a Duplicate of the Document, ante p. 79.] 


Major Peter Schuyler to Goveriuyr Fletcher. 

[ New-Tork Papers, IV. G. 52. ] 

May it please your Excell. 

Ass I gave y' Excell. an accoimt in my Last p' y^ Post y"" Sachims of y* 5 Nations came 
here with whom I have strugled 10 days as y'' Excell. will see by y^ inclosed proceedings and 
they are certainly so as y'' Excell. well observs both awd and wearied of y* warr, and distrust 
much our ability to support them against y'^ growing Power of y* French I would not for any 
thing I had gone to Onnondage to been there at there meeting There I should have quite 
despair'd of ever effecting what I have done now for I never founde y™ speak with more 
hesitacon yet I have gaind y' Point to winn time till your Excell: conies up when they all 
engage to be here -& Dekanissora in person who is y*" mann y*' Gov"" of Canida soe much longs 
for & by these Message to y"" Canida Praying Indians y* French will fynde they cannot to much 
depend upon there words but will see they are so farr influenced here to obey your Excell. 

In the Intrim that we were treating with them Ger' Luykasse with 2 of y'' farr Indians 
called Showanoes arrives who brings y'= news that Arnout y' Interpreter with a considerable 
number of those heathen well be here next Summer and good store of bever many of our 
young men long to goe and meet them. 1 hope y'' Excell. will send me orders not to suffer 


above 4 or 5 to goe with y" s'' Ger* Liiyk.nsse to meet them since we know not how much we 

may want our men next summer I should be glad to see this place well garrisoned but fear 

our neighbours will continue there obstinacy the Jesuite Milet does us a great deal of damage 

& designd to goe himself to Canida wliich was y° Reason made me y"= easier graunt there 

request of sending this way to stopp that road w"^"" they have promisd till they see y' Excel!. 

His Letters & Explication of y= belts D» Dellius wil send to y' Excell. I have sent to M"" 

Honan y* acc'of y^ charge of my Journey & of y' Sachims being here who were 120 in all, 

women and children which I doebt not but y"' Excell wil ord'" to be paid as I have engaged. 

I have no more to add but y' I shall esteem myself wel rewarded ibr all y" pains & trubls I 

have had with these Indians if what we have done have but y' Excell. approbation & good 

likeing in y* meantime I shall remain in all humility 

Your Excell. most obedient 

& obliged servant 

PiETER Schuyler. 
Albany 1-i Feb. 


A true copy. 

(signed) M. Clarkson, Secry. 


Copy Maj"" Schuyler's letter to His Excell. Ben. Fletcher 

dat. li"" of February loaj. 
Rec"* 13"^ June 1694. 
B: G: 
P: 52: 

Robert Livingsion to Governor Fletch&r. 

[New-Tork Papers, B. T. IV. G. 61.] 

Albany 14 Feb^ 169|. 
May it please Your Excell. 

I am apt to beleeve we are past all danger for this winter, neither did I much fear y^ enemy 
so long as they have not y* 5 Nations secure, which they hard labour for; but I hope wil be 
deceived, when yo' Excell comes to discourse and to convince them of their error. We have 
had them here 10 days and they have at last promis'd faithfully (but little faith is in them) 
not to keep any correspondence with y'^ French, but to meet yo' Excell. here in 70 days. 
In y* mean time y* messingers they sent to Canida will return, by whom we shall heare 
what they say to it. I fear nothing will p^ent their inclinations for peace with y"' enemy, 
except we were so fortunate to committ some spoyle upon y^ enemy, whereby we might 
be made formidable in their eys, complaining they see nothing tiiat y* English gain upon y'= 

I blush to think how base people are growne & y' they should so palpably discover it as 
Vol. IV. 13 


they doe now, by there vohmtary gift, as they call itt; never were people more generous then 
they were to a papist Govern'' who never did nor designed them any good, & now when y° 
Heavens has blest us with a Gov' of our owne religion, we know not what' pretence to make 
to shuffel it off. Tliey may repent itt when too late ; our stockadous for y^ Forth ar most rid 
out; y« Magistrates appointed p''sones to view them if y'= number was compleat, and for y" that 
are wanting I have writt warrants to y" Justices to cause them to be brought and y' certificate 
I shall bring with me, hopeing to have y^ bono"' to kisse yo"" Excell. hands about y^ middle of 
March. All our men are well and in health, notwithstanding they are on every other day, but 
hes been but a sliort time, and will soon come to a therd days duty. I have no more to add, 
but with my most humble duty to yo'' Excell: and my Lady I remain 

Your Excell : most humble & 

most obedient servant 

Rob' Livingston. 

A true Copy. 

(signed) M. Clarkson, Secry. 

Journal of Captain Arent Sc1n(,yler\s Visit to the Minisinck Country. 

[ New- York Papers, IV. B. A. 39. ] 

May it pleas your Excell. 

In persuance to y"' Excell : commands I have been in the Minnissinck Country of which I 
have kept the following Jouraall : viz' 

169| y'^ Z^ of Feb : I departed from New-Yorke for East New-Jersey and came that night att 
Bergentown where I heired two men and a guide. 

ye 4th Sunday. Morning. I went from Bergen & travilled about ten English miles beyond 
Haghkingsack to an Indian place called Peckwes. 

ye gth jvionday. From Pepkwes North and be West I went about thirty-two miles snowing 
and rainy wether. 

ye e'h Thusday. I continued my Journey to Maggaghkamieck' and from thence to within half 
a days Journy to the INIennissinck. 

ye 7th Wendsday. About Eleaven a Clock I arrived att the Minnissinck, and there I mett 
with two of ther Sachems and severall other Indians of whome I enquired after some news, if 
the French or their Indians had sent for them or been in y' Mennissinck Country Upon W^*" 
they answered that noe French nor any of the French Indians were nor had been in the 
Mennissinck Country nor there abouts and did promise y' if y' French should hapen to come 
or y' they heard of it that they will forthwith send a mesinger and give y' Excellency notice 

Inquireing further after news they told me that six days agoe three Christians and two 
Shanwans Indians who went about fifteen months agoe with Arnout Vielle into the Shanwans 

I The Indian name of the river Neversinck, which falls into the Delaware, a little south of Port Jervis, Orange County, 
New-York. Eager's History of Orange County, 392. — Eu. 


Country were passed by the Mennissinck going for Albany to fech powder for Amout and his 
Company ; and furtiier told them that s*" Arnout intended to be there w"" seaveu hundred of y" 
said Shailwans Indians loaden w"" beavor and peltries att y'^ time y° Indian Coarn is about 
one foot high (which may be in the month of June.) 

The Mennissinck Sachems further s** tliat one of their Sachems & other of their Indians 
were gone to fech beavor & peltreis which they bad hunted ; and having heard no news of 
them are afraid y' y^ Sinneques have killed them for y'' lucar of the beavor or becaus y" 
JNIennissink Indians have not been w"' y" Sinneques as usiall to pay their Dutty, and therefore 
desier y' your Excell. will he pleased to order y' the Semieques may be told, not to molest or 
hurt y* Mennissincks they being willing to continue in amity with them. 

In the afternoon I departed from y'' Minnissincks ; the 8"", the D"", & 10"" of Feb. I travilled 
and came att Bergen in y'' morning and about noone arrived att New Yorke. 

This is may it pleas your Excell. the humble reporte off your Excellency's most humble 


Arent Schuyler. 

Endorsed, Reporte of Capt" Arent Schuyler 

his message to the Mennissinck Country. 
Feb. y= lO"" 169|. 

B: A: 

P: 39: 

Council of New • York to the Committee of Trade and Plantations. 

[Ncw-Tork Entries, in. 103.] 

New York S"* April 1694. 
May it please your Lopp', 

His Excell^ being called in haste to meet the. Sachiras of the five Nations of Indians at 
Albany, we humbly acquaint your Lords^' that as he went on board he received a letter from 
Connectlcutt the Copy whereof is Enclosed by His Excell''"-" order. 

We know very well that twice so much can be had or done in that Colony, for ready 
money, as for Countrey Pay which is their six hundred pound rates, some pay Wheat some 
Indian Come some Beef, Porke, Pease, Butter, Cheese, Flax, Hemp, Hides, Tallow, Soap, 
Tarr, &c. at double the value of their purchase for ready money, Wee are now sending 
Sloops along that coast to gather them up, when the charges are defalcated the neat produce 
of this six hundred will scarce amount to three hundred pounds New York money, which is 
the first assistance from that Colony since the arrivall of Cover"" Sloughter. 

We believe His Excellency hath sufiiciently recommended to your Lordships, he is 
unwearyed in his Endeavours ibr their jNIaj" Service, but the Province is so Exhausted it cannot 
answer those things His Excellency proposeth for the defence of it ; it is uneq", the burden ly 
wholy upon us, when we sinck the rest must follow Our fate thougli at present they are 
advantaged by Our People. 


Wee pray heartily for success to their Majesties Arms, the safety of his Maj" Sacred Person 

and subscribe 

May it please you Lqpi" 

Your LoPP' most obed' & most humble 


Fredrick Flypse. William Smith. 


Council of Connecticut to Governor Fletcher. 

[New-Tork Papers, IV. g. 40.] 

Hartford March 20"' 169|. 
Excellent S^ 

You may please to be informed that our Generall Court February 7"" 169| have in obedience 
to their ISIaties. Letters of March last and according to your ovs'n motion have towards the 
charge of mantaining Albany granted six himdred pounds to be paid as it shall rise in the 
rate and at the price of the last Countrey rate to be delivered in some of our port or ports and 
shipt aboard some vessells for yo'' Excell upon your risque & charge which is gathered and 
ready to ship upon your order, we have no vessells here but if your Excellency please to 
send some we shall with all speed ship it on board such vessell as you shall send or appoint 
And we request that the vessells may be hasted away as soou as may be for our grain will 
be ready in all the ports by the sea side so farr as seabrooke. We pray your answer by the 
first opportunity and your order to our Treasurer Captain Joseph Whiting to ship the same 
which with our respects is all the needful! from the Governour & Council} of Connecticutt p"' 
their order signed p"" 

John Allyn Sec'^. 
A true copy. 

(signed) David Jamison CI. Concilii 

Superscription These for His Excellency Coll. Benjamin Fletcher Esq. 
Captain Generall & Governor in Cheife of their Maties 
Province of New Yorke at New Yorke in Fort William Henryck this d 

Endorsed Copy of Connecticutt Letter. 


Minute of the Board of Trade respecting Assistance from other Colonies to New - Yorh. 

[Board of Trade Journals, VII. 280. ] 

At the Committee of Trade and Plantatious. At the Councill Chamber at Whitehall. 
Friday tiie IS"- of Aprill 1G94. 


Present — Lord President, Earl of Bridgewater 

Duke of Shrewsbury S"" Henry Goodrick. 

New York. ^ Letter from Coll. Fletcher to the Committee dated the 22^ of January last, 

r(!ad, giving their Lordships an account of the recent condition of that Colony and the great 
danger the same was in from the French and Indians, except they might have some succours 
from the Neighbouring Colonies. Whereupon their Lordships taking into further consideration 
the Report of ^r Attorney and M"" Solicitor Generall upon the several Charters of Connecticut 
Rhode Island and New Jersey, in order to the uniteing the strength of those Colonies for the 
defence of New York and Albany against the French and their Indians, Whereupon their 
Lops, entering into a further consideration of the opinion of M'' Attorney and M"' Solicitor 
Generall, who upon hearing the agents and others concerned in the respective Colonics have 
reported to the Committee, That the Charters and Grants of those Colonies do give the 
ordinary power of the Militia to the respective Governments thereof. But that their Majesties 
may constitute a Chief Commander, who may have authority at all times to Command or 
order such proporcon of the forces of each Colony or Plantacon as their Ma"" shall think fitt 
and further in time of Invasion and approach of the Enemy, with the advice and assistance 
of the Governors of the Colonies to conduct and command the rest of the forces for the 
preservation of each of those Colonies as shall most stand in need thereof, not leaving the 
rest unprovided with a competent force for their defence and safety. Their Lordships upon 
the whole matter agree to offer their opinion to his" Majesty that suitable directions be sent to 
Col. Fletcher or the Governor of New York for the time being, and to the Government of 
Connecticut Colonj^ 

And that the quotas of men, not excceeding one hundred and twenty, be the measure of the 
assistance to be given by the Colony of Connecticut and at all times during the warr to be 
commanded by the Governor of New York accordingly. 

And their Lops proceeding to consider the scheme transmitted by Coll. Fletcher of the 
several quotas to be furnished by the rest of the Colonies to the assistance of New York, 
agree the measure of assistance to be given by those Colonies respectively, be a Quota not 
exceeding Forty Eight men from the Colony of Rhode Island & Providence Plantations, 350 
men from the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, Two hundred and forty men from Virginia, 
one hundred and sixty men from Maryland, and Eighty men from Pensilvania, Colonel 
Fletcher having already a commission for the command of 700 men from New Jersey, for the 
assistance of New York, as there might be occasion. 

All which their Lordshipps will represent to His Majesty at a fitting occasion. 


Petition of the Colony of Connecticut to the King. 

[New-Tork Entries, III. 109.] 

To the King's most Excellent Majes'^ 

The liumble Petition of your Maj" Royall and dutyfull Subjects the Govern'' 
and Company of the English Colony of Connecticut in New England in 
America p''sented by Major Gen" John Winthrop Esq: their Agent in that 
behalf lawfully authorized. 


That your Pet" by Letters Patent of the late King Charles the second under the Great Seal 
of England in the fourteenth year of his Reign, were Incorporated by the name of the Govern'' 
and Company of the English Colony of Connecticutt in New England in America, And by 
severall Constitutions and I'owers speciiied in the said Letters Patents had granted to them as 
well the civill Administration of the aflairs as of the Lieutenancy and Power of ordering, 
arraying, modelling & conducting the ]\Iilitia of the said Colony, for the speciall defence and 
Security of the same. 

That your Pet" from the date of the said Grant untill the month of October last have 
enjoyed the said libertys and Priviledges without forfeiture or Molestation therein (Except a 
little interruption they received upon the Generall impeachment of the English liberties 
towards the latter end of the Reign of the late King James the second) to the great increase 
and comfort of the Inhabitants of the said Colony, and the defence and security of your 
Majes'' neighboiu'ing Provinces. 

That Benjamin Fletcher Esq"'*' the present Govern'' of your Maj'^ Province of New York in 
said month of October last, by Colour of your Majesties Commission whereby (for the uniting 
the forces of the said Colony against the Common Enemj^) he was created your Majes" 
Commander in Cheif of the Militia of the said Colony, did demand of your Petitioners not 
only to submitt to him a Lieutenant Generall and Commander in Cheif over the full Quota of 
the Militia of that Colony in conjunction with those of the Province of New York and the 
other adjacent Governments (which your Petitioners were always ready to doe and to send 
their said Quota when and wherever Commanded by him) but likewise that yo' Petif should 
surrender to him the Particular Lieutenancy of the said Colony of Connecticutt and their 
power of assessing. Modelling, and Establishing the Militia thereof granted to them by the 
said Charter, threat[n]iug withall to enforce obedience to his said demands, to the great 
terrour and discouragement of the Inhabitants of your Maj** said Colony 

That the said Benjamin Fletcher hath likewise Endeav^'' by severall artifices to insinuate 
himself into the Civill Government of the said Colony. 

And such the proceedings of the said Benjamin Fletcher are repugnant to the before 
mentioned Grant of King Charles the second and the true Intention of your Majes'* said 
Comiss", (as your Pef' do in all humility humbly conceive) Your Petitioners therefore 
humbly pray that the said Comission may receive such explanation and restriction, and your 
.Petitioners have such speady releif and order for quieting the said difference for the future as 
to your Majes"" in your Royall Justice and wisdome shall seem most conducing to the 
prosperity of your Maj" people and Interests in the said Colony of Connecticutt 

And your Pet" as in duty bound shall ever Pray &c. 

19 April 1694. J : Winthrop 


Order in Council upon tlie Petition from Connecticut. 

[New-York Entries, HI. 106.] 

At the Court at Whitehall, the 19'i> of April, 1691. 

Present — The King's most Excellent Maj'^' in Councill 

L^ Arch Bpp of Canterbury. E. of Montague 

Lord Keeper E. of Scarborough 

Lord President Vise' Sydney 

L-i Privy Seal Vise' Falkland 

Duke of Bolton L-^ B? of London 

Lord Steward L"* Coniwallis 

Lord Chamberlain L"* Conningsby 

Earl of Oxford S-' R' Howard 

Earl of Shrewsbury W Chanccll'' Excheq"' 

Earl of Bridgewater M' Sec'ry Trench ard 

Earl of Bath Sir Henry Goodrick 

Earl of Rochester M'' Russell 
M' Boscowen. 

ponVw" A»^ ^ Petition having been presented to his Maj'^ by Maj^ Generall Fitz John 
Saiin^io'lheMu" Weuthrop Agent for the English Colony of Couuecticutt in New England in 
.ia of connecicutL ^,^gj.j^,.^^ -^^ heXiuM of the Said Colony by the name of the Govern-- and Company of 
the English Colony of Conecticutt in New England in America, setting forth that the Pef by 
Letters Patt" under the Great Seal of England in the fourteenth year of the late King Charles 
the second were Incorpoi-ated by the name of the Governor and Company of the English 
Colony of Connecticutt in America, with Power as well for the Civill administration of affairs 
as the Lieutenancy for ordering, arraying modelling and Conducting the Militia for the Speciall 
defence of the Colony, That from the date of the said Grant untill the month of October 
last, they have Enjoyed the said liberties and Privilidges without forfeiture or Molestation, 
Except some Interrup° tliey received in the Reign of King James y^ Second, That Coll: 
Fletcher Governor of New York in October last by colour of His Majesties Comission whereby 
for the uniting the Forces of the s"* Province and Colony he was created Commander in Cheif 
of the INIilitia of the said Colony, and did demand of the Petitioner not only to submitt to him 
as Lieutenant Generall and Commander in Cheif over the full Quota of the Militia of that 
Colony in conjunction with those of New York and the adjacent Governments, But likewise 
the particular Lieutenancy of the said Colony and the Power of assessing jNlodelling and 
Establishing the Militia thereof. The Petitioner therefore humbly praying the said Commission 
may receive such Explanation and restriction as to his Maj'^ in his Royall Justice and Wisdome 
shall seem meet ; and his Maj'^' having been pleased to Referr the said petition to the Right 
Hon"'* the Lords of the Committee of Trade and Plantations to consider the matter of the 
said Petition and to Report what they conceive fit for, his Maj'^ to do therein And the Lords 
of the Comittee having received the Report of their Maj" Attorney Generall and Solicitor 
Generall upon the matter of the said Petition, together with the Address of the Colony of 
Rhode Island and touching the uniting the strength of those Colonies against the French, 
which Report is in the words following. 


May it j^lease your Lqpp^ 

Eeport Athiray & ^"^ obedience to your Lordships Commands Signified to us by M'' Blathwayt the 
Solicitor Gcutrau gpgQ,j^ (jf January and the third of February last, by which wee were to consider 
the severall Charters of Connecticutt and Rhode Island, and the Grants of East and West New 
Jersey and to report our opinion upon the whole matf what may be done for the uniting the 
Strength of those Colonies and New York under a Cheif Comander to be Commissionated by 
their Maj'^ for the defence of their Maj" subjects in those Parts against the French, and also to 
consider the annexed copy of the Petition of the Governor and Company of Conecticutt and to 
Report our opinion thereupon, 

We have considered the matters to us referr'd, and do find that King Charles the second by 
his Charter dated the 23'' of April in the fourteenth year of his Reign did incorporate John 
Wintiirop and severall other Persons therein named, and all others who then were or after 
should be admitted and made free of the Company to be a Corporation by the name of the 
Gov'' and Company of the English Colony in Connecticutt in New England in America, with 
such Powers, Priviledges, and Capacities as are usually Granted to Corporations of like 
nature, and to have continuance and succession for ever, and therein the Bounds of the 
Colony are described, and a Grant thereby made to the Corporation of all land and soyle, 
Ground, Havens Ports, Jurisdictions Royalties, Priviledges, Franchises, and hereditaments 
within the same or thereto belonging. To be holden to the Corpoi-ation and their Successors 
in trust for the benefit of themselves and their associates free men of that Colony their Heirs 
and Assignes of the Kings of England as of their Maunor of E. Greenwich by the fifth Part 
of the Oar of Gold and Silver then found with Power to the Corporation to make Laws, 
Elect Governours Deputy Governors and Assistants, Erect Judicatures and Courts and chuse 
officers for the Civill Government, and thereby also Power is granted to the Cheif Commanders 
Governors and officers of the Company and others Inhabiting there by their leave or direction 
for their Speciall defence and Safety to assemble, Martiall, array and put in Warlike posture 
the Inhabitants of the Colony, and to Comission such Persons as they should think fitt to 
lead and conduct the Inhabitants and to Encounter resist kill and slay all that should 
attempt or enterprise the Invasion or annoyance of the Inhabitants or Plantations, and to 
Exercise Martial Law and take and surprise the Invaders or attempters of the Plantation or 
hurt the Company and Inhabitants and on just occasion to invade and destroy the nations or 
other Enemies of the Colony. 

Wee also find that King Charles the Second in the fifteenth year of his Reign, did 
Incorporate divers persons by name, and such others as then were or after should be admitted 
and free of the Company by the name of the Governor and Company of the English Colony 
of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in New England in America, and granted them 
in Ettect the like Powers and authorities both Civill and Military as are before mentioned to 
be granted to Connecticutt. 

We find that the Civill Governments in those Plantations or Colonies Executed the Military 
Pow" conferred by the Charters But that their Maj'* in the third year of their Reign by their 
Commission constituted S"' William Phips L' and Commander in Cheif of the Militia and of 
the Forces by sea and land within the colonies of Connecticutt, Rhode Island, Providence 
Plantations, King's Province, and Province of New Hampshire, and all Forts and Places of 
Strength in the same, with severall Powers and Authorities and that their Maj" by their 
Comission under the Great Seal dated the Tenth of June 1G93 revoked so much of S' William 


Pliips's Comission and Powers related to tlio Colony of Connccticutt, and by the same 
Commission constituted Benjamin Fletcher Esq' their iNIaj" Captain General! and Commander 
in Ciieif of Xevv York Pensilvania New Castle and the Territories and Tracts of Land 
depending tliereupon to [be] the Commander in Cheif of the Militia and of all Forts and I'laces 
of f^trength within the same, with I'ower to Levy, Anne, Muster, Command and Employ the 
Militia of the said Colony, and upon any necessary and Urgent occasion during this Warr, to 
Transferr to the Province of New York and Frontiers of the same for resisting and 
withstanding Enemys Pyratts and Rehells both at Land and Sea and defence of tiiat Province 
and Colony of wiiicii Commission and the large I'owers therein contained as to the Colony of 
Conecticutt by their auex'd I'etition do complain and pray redress against the Exercise in 
such manner over the whole Militia and therein shew their reasons against it 

Wee have heard Coll: Winthrop and his Councill on the belialf of the Colony of 
Connccticutt and M'' Almey and his Councill on the behalf of Rhode Island and Providence 
Plantation and D'' Cox appeared on tiie bciialf of East and West New Jersey and produce 
some writings shewing how the same were granted out from the Crown to the Duke of York, 
and by the Duke of York to others, but the Docf not Clayming any title to himself, it doth not 
appear to us in whom the Estate of Law of those Places or of the Government thereof Civill 
or Military doth now reside, nor how the same is Exercised. 

But having received the annex'd Estimate from M"' Blathwayt, we Comunicated the same to 
the Agents for Connecticutt Rhode Island and Providence Plantation, who declared their 
readiness during times of danger, to provide tlicir respective Quota's therein Contained, and in 
cases of Encrease of danger or other necessary Occasions during the continuance thereof 
their respective Quotas to be proportionably encreased with other Colonies, But as to the 
remaiiig Militia beyond the Quota's (which it seems in those Countrys consists of all males 
between sixteen and sixty years of age) they humbly desire lliat it may remain under the 
Ordinary and usuall Gov'"m" and command of the Colonies according to their Charters, And 
[not] to be commanded out unless in times of actuall Inversion or Eminent danger for the 
Security and necessary preservation of some of the Colonies, and at such times only when 
such of the Colonies where out the Forces shall be drawn are not in danger and that at 
all times a sufficient Power of the Militia may be always kept in each Colony under the 
direction of tlie Goverment of it for the safety and necessary preservation thereof. 

We are humbly of opinion that tlie Char" and Grants of those Colonies do give the 
Ordinary Power of the IMilitia to the respective Governments thereof. But do also conceive 
that their Majesties may constitute a Cheif Commander, who may have authority at all times 
to Command or order such proportion of the Forces of each Colony or Plantation as their 
Maj*^ shall think fitt. And forther in lines [times] of Invasion and approach of the Enemy with 
y' advice and assistance of the Governors of the Colonies to Conduct and Command the rest 
of the Forces for the preservation and defence of such of those Colonies as shall most stand in 
need thereof not leaving the rest unprovided of a competent force for their defence and safety, 
But in time of peace and when the danger is over, the Militia within each of the said 
Provinces ought as we humbly conceive to be under the Government and disposition of the 
respective Governors of the Colonies according to their Charters. 
All which nevertheless is most humbly 

submitted to your LoP' great wisdome. 

2"^ April 1694. Edward Ward, 

Vol. IV. ] 4 Thomas Treves. 


And tlie Lords of the Committee having Presented to his Maj"' in Councill the Report of 

M"' Attorney and SoHcitor General upon the matters above mentioned, His JVIaj"' in Council is 

pleased to approve the s"' Report, and to signify his Pleasure that the Quota not Exceed'g one 

hundred and twenty men be the measure of the assistance to be given by the Colony of 

Connecticutt, and at all times during the War to be commanded by the Cover'' of New York, 

and tiie R' Hon''"' S'' John Trenchard his Maj" Principall Secretary of State, is to prepare 

Lett" for His Maj" Royall Signature for the signification of His Maj" Pleasure herein to the 

Governor of New York and Connecticutt accordingly 

William Bridgeman. 

To the Right Hon''''' the Lords of tlie Comittee of Trade and Plantations: 

Majr Geni Win- Maj"" Geuerall Wintlirop Juimbly prays your Lordships in behalf of their 

behalf of iiie Colo- Mai" Coloiiv lu Counecticutt that the Gov"" of New York may have order in the 

nyol" Connecticutt. . 

Execution of their Maj" Commands Concerning that Colony, not to draw out 
more of the Quota appointed for the Colony of Connecticutt then in proportion w"" that w'^'' 
at the same time he shall draw out of the other Colonys or Provinces, Viz' Boston, Rhode 
Island, New York, Pensilvania, East and West Jersey, Virginia, and Maryland. 

It is also humbly prayed that it may be incerted in their Majesties Letter to the Gov'' of 
Connecticutt, Their Maj" Royall approbation of their Civill administrations which will be an 
Extraordinary Grace and fav'' to their Maj" good Subjects in that Colony. 

Memd"" the IS"" May, 1G94. 
Upon reading Maj' Generall Winthrop's Memoriall, Their Lordships agree that a Clause be 
Inserted in the Letters to be prepared by M'' Secretary Trenchard for the Queen's Signature 

TJie Queen to Governor Fletcher about Connecticut. 

[New- York Entries, III. 147.] 

M. R. 

Trusty and Wellbeloved Wee greet you well having received the humble Petition of Our 
Colony of Connecticutt in New England, Praying that our Coniiss" unto our Governor or 
Commander in Cheif of our Province of '^ew York for the command of the Militia of our said 
Colony may receive such Explanation and restriction as in Our Royall Justice and wisdome 
Wee shall think fitt. Wee have referr'd the consideration of the said Petition to the Lords of 
our Privy Councill appointed a Comittee of Trade and Forreign Plantations who having 
consulted our Attorney and Solicitor Generall what may be legally done by Us for uniting the 
Strength of Our said Colony of Conecticutt and the adjacent Colonies for the defence and 
Security of Our subjects in those parts ag" the French and having presented to Us the opinion 
of Our Attorney and Solicitor Generall that vfe may Constitute a Cheif Commander with 
authority to Comand or order such Proportion of the Forces of each Colony as we shall think 
fitt; and further, in time of Invasion and approach of the Enemy, with the advice and 



assistance of the Cov''nors of (lie Colonies to Condnct and Command the rest of the Forces for 
the PreserviUioii and defence of such of Our said Colonies as shall most stand in need thereol', 
as by Our Order in Councill dated the tO"' of April last upon the Report of our Attorney and 
Solicitor Gen" in this matter, which order or a Duplicate thereof you will herewith receive, is 
more at large Sett forth. Our Will and Pleasure is, that in the Execution of the Powers 
of your said Commission for tlie Connnand of the Militia of our Colony of Connecticutt, 
you do not take upon you any more than in time of War, to Command a Quota or part 
of the Militia of Our said Colony of Connecticutt, not Exceeding the number of one 
hundred and twenty men, Which we have thought fitt to signify our Pleasure to the 
Governor and Majistrates of Our Colony of Connecticutt to be the measure of the 
assistance to be given by Our Colony ; And you are not to command or draw out any 
more of the said Quota of the Militia of our said Colony of Conecticutt than you shall in 
Proportion command or draw out from the respective oMilitias of the adjacent Colonies Except 
in case of eminent danger of an Invasion of the Enemy, In which case Our Will and 
Pleasure is, that with the advice of the Governor of Our said Colony of Connecticutt, vou 
Conduct and Command the rest of the Forces of that Our Colony for the Preservation of Our 
said Colony, or of such other of Our Adjacent Colonies as shall most stand in need thereof, 
you taking care that you do not leave Our said Colony of Conecticutt unprovided of a 
Competent force for the defence and safety thereof. And we not doubting of the ready and 
chearfull obedience of Our good Subjects in Our Colony of Connecticutt to Our Royall 
determination in a matter wherein the Security and Preservation of all Our good Subjects 
within Our said Colony and the Parts adjacent is so much Concerned, We have signified 
Our Pleasure to the Governor and Majistrates of Our Colony, that as occasion shall require 
they give obedience to Our said Commission and the Powers and Authorities thereof, to be 
Executed in such manner as herein directed, And so We bid you heartily farewell, Given 
at Our Court at Whitehall this twenty-first day of June 1094 In the Sixth year of Our Reign. 

By Her Maj" Conmiand 

John Trenchard. 

< I ■ » ■■>< 

Order in Council relative to the Qtiotas which the oilier Colonies are to furnish 

New - York. 

[Ncw-Tork Enlrics, HI. ITS.] 

At the Court at Whitehall the 2'* of August 1694. 

Present, &c. 

The Right Hon'''^ the Lords of the Committee of Trade and Plantations having this day 
represented at the Board that by a Letter from Collonel Fletcher Gov' in Cheif of New York 
dated the ninth day of October last their Lordships are informed that not w"'standing the 
signification of their Majesties Pleasure to the severall Colonies and Provinces of New 
England Maryland and Peusilvania the 11"' of October 1G92, to aid and assist him for the 
Security of that province against the French and to agree of a Quota of meu or other 


assistance to [be] given by each Colony or Province for the defence of New-York as occasion 
may require the same, some of the Governments afore mentioned having omitted to send 
Commissioners to assist tlie Quotas to be furnished by them respectively nothing had been done 
therein and upon considering the Scheme of the Severall Quotas proposed by Coll: Fletciier 
to be furnished by those Plantations Whereupon the Measure of the assistance to be given by 
the Colony of Connecticutt and Province of Pensilvania has already been agreed upon by their 
Lordships and lier Majesties Pleasure thereupon Signified in relation to the Quotas of 
Connecticutt the Committee having tliis day moved at the Board that the Governor of 
Virginia, Maryland, and the Massachusetts Bay, may receive the directions for supplying 
the Respective Quotas hereunder menconed as tiie measure of the assistance to be given by 
these Plantations respectively in like manner as the same has been Ord"''' to be given by the 
Governor of Connecticutt, and that the Governor of New York be ordered to Command the 
same Accordingly. It is this day ordered in Councill, that a Quota not Exceeding three 
hundred and fifty men to be furnished by the Province of Massachusetts Bay, a Quota not 
exceeding two hundred and fifty men to be furnish'd by the Colony of Virginia, a Quota not 
Exceeding Oue hundred and sixty men to be furnisht by the Province of Maryland be the 
measure of the assistance to be given by these Plantations respectively for the Security of the 
Province of New York, and S"' John Treuchard Kn' their Maj" Principal Secretary of State, is 
desired to prepare Letters for Her Maj" Royall Signature Declaring Her Maj'' pleasure to the 
respective Gov" Massachusetts Bay, New York, Virginia, and Maryland accordingly. 

Report of the Lords of Trade upon Mr. William Penri's Petition. 

[Xew-Tork Entries, III. 134.] 

At the Committee of Trade and Plantations at the Council Chamb'' at Whitehall 
the 1 & 3'' of August 1694. 

The Lords of the Committee having had under consideration two Reports of M'^ Attorney 
& Solicitor Generall touching M'' Pens Right to the Province of Pensilvania, and the countrey 
of New Castle with the Territories and Tracts of Land depending thereon in America, and of 
Collouel Fletchers Comission for the Governm" of that Province and Countrey, which Matters 
are referred to their Lordships by Order in Councill of the 12"" of Jidy last, And M' Attorney 
and M"' Solicitor having by their said Reports represented their opinion that by Letters Patents 
under the Great Seal bearing date in the thirty-third year of the late King Charles the second, 
the Province of Pensilvania with y*" Government thereof was granted to the Petition"" and that 
by two other Grants from his then Royall Highness the Duke of York in the year 16S2, the 
Countrey of New Castle with other Lands upon Delaware River and Bay are also Granted 
unto him, But that the Government thereby Grant"* unto AP Pen, was subject never the less 
to their Maj" Soveraignty over the same, by virtue of which Soveraignty in Case of 
Extraordinary Exigencies happning or arrising through the default or neglect of the Pef or of 
those appointed by him to protect or defend the said Province or the Inhabitants in times of 
War or Eminent danger their Majes'* may constitute a Govern'' for the Preservation of the 
said Province and of their Majes" subjects there, that upon the reasons and groiinds mentioned 


in Collonel Fletcliers Comission, Their IVlnj" miglit lawfully Grant sucli Commission, But 
when those reasons and Grounds do fail or cease, the riglit of Government doth belong to the 
Petition[er], and the Committee being attended by M' Pen, who having declared to their Lo^' 
th;it if her Maj'J' sliall be graciously pleased to restore him to his Propriety according to the 
said Grants, he intends witii all Co[ii]venient speed to repair thither, and take care of tlie 
Government and Provide for the Safety and Security thereof all that in him lies. And to that 
end he will carefidly transmitt to the Councill and Assembly there, all such orders as shall be 
given by her Maj''' in that behalf, and he doubts not but that they will at all times dutyfully 
comply with and Yield Obedience thereunto, and to all such Orders and directions as their Maj" 
shall from time to time think titt to send, for the supplying such Quota of Men or the defraying 
their part of the charges as their Maj" shall think necessary for the safety and preservation of 
their 3Iajes" Dominions in that part of America. That he will appoint the same person to be 
his Deputy Govern' that is now Commissionated by Collonel Fletcher to that post. And if the 
Government there shall not take due care that such Orders as their Majes" shall think fitt to 
give as aforesaid be duly complyed wilh He will then submitt the direction of the Military to 
their Maj" Pleasure, M' Pen having also by writing undtsr his hand declared his agreement, 
that such of the Laws past in the General! Assembly of Pensilvania in May 1G93, by \'ertue 
of their Majesties Comission to Coll: Fletcher as shall not now he confirmed nor rejected by 
her Majes'", shall have the full force and V'ertue of Laws and be putt in Execution there, 
untill the same shall be altered or revoked by the Assembly. 

And having further declared that he is willing to subscribe the declaration of Fidelity to 
their Majes'^ mentioned in the Act of Parliam' Entituled an Act Exempting their Maj" 
Protestant Subjects dissenting from the Church of England, from the Penalties of Certain 
Laws with a saving to M' Pens Principle of not Swearing or using the word before God, And 
the Comittee taking notice that the Assembly of Pensilvania have by An Act past there 
Exprest their humble Submission to their Majestyes Pleasure for the taking the said Provinces 
and Countries into their hands, and for supplying the absence of the Propietors by sending a 
Person to preserve and Confirm the Inhabitants in their Rights and Liberties, and as a dutyfuU 
acknowledgement of their jNIaj" care and tender regard herein, have humbly presented to their 
Maj" an Assessm' of Money upon all Estates within the said Province and Countries for the 
support of their Maj" said Government, Their Lords?' agree to recomend M' Pen to Her Maj" 
favour, that he may be restored to the administration of the Gov'meut of the Province of 
Pensilvania Countrey of New Castle and Territories and Tracts of Land depending thereon in 
America, to be held and enjoyed by him in like Manner as he held and Enjoyed the same 
before the date of Collonel Fletchers said Commission, and that so much of Coll : Fletchers said 
Commission as relates thereunto may be revoked, with directions nevertheless that upon the 
Application of the Gov' or Commander in Cheif of New York for the time being, a Quota not 
exceeding Eighty men or the value of the Charge thereof be forthwith sent from the Province 
of Pensilvania to New York as the Measure of the Assistance, Their Lordships are humbly of 
opinion may be reasonably given by the Province of Pensilvania towards the safety and 
preservation of the Province New York as occasion shall require the same. And that M' Pen 
do forthwith take care, that due Provision be made at the Public charge of the Province of 
Pensilvania for the furnishing such assistance as shall accordingly be from time to time 
demanded or required by the Cover' or Commander in Cheif of New York, who is never the 
less to be directed not to require at any time [a greater part] of the said Quota or the value 
thereof to be furnished by the Province of Pensilvania than he shall in Proportion require 
from the adjacent Colonies respectively. 


Revocation of Colonel Fletcher\s Commission as Governor of Pennsylvania. 

[New- York Entries, III. 152.] 

William and Mary by tlie Grace of God King and Queen of England Scotland France 
and Ireland Defenders of the faith, &', Whereas upon Information that by reason of Great 
miscarriages in the Government of our Province of Pensilvania in America, And the absence 
of the Proprietor the same was fallen into disorder and Confusion, By means thereof not only 
the Publick Peace and Administration of Justice was broken and violated, but there was also 
Great want of Provisions for the Guard and defence of Our said Province against our Enemies, 
Whereby it was apprehended that Our said Province and the adjacent Colonies were much in 
danger of being lost from the Crown of England, for prevention thereof as much as in us lay 
and for the better defence and Security of Our Subjects Inhabiting those Parts during this 
time of War, We did find it absolutely necessary to take the Government thereof into Our 
hands, and under Our Imediate care and Protection, and did there upon by letters Patents, 
under Our Great Seal of England bearing date the twenty-first day of October in the fourth 
year of Our Reign, Constitute and appoint Our trusty and Welbeloved Benjamin Fletclier 
Esq: Our Captain Generall and Governor in Cheif of Our Province of New York to be Our 
Capt° Generall and Governor in Cheif in and Over Our s'' Province of Pensilvania and 
Countrey of New Castle, and all the Territories and Tracts of Land depending thereon in 
America, with directions to take the said Province and Countrey under his command and 
Government, And did thereby Grant unto the said Benjamin Fletcher, and in case of his 
Death or Absence out of our Provinces of New York and Pensilvania Our Country of New 
Castle and Our Colonies of East and West New Jersey, unto such Person as should be 
appointed by Us to be Commander in Cheif of Our said Province of New York or to Our 
Councill of Our said Province the like Powers and Authorities as were granted by Our 
Commission to the said Benjamin Fletcher bearing date the Eighteenth Day of March in y^ 
said Fourth Year of Our Reign, for the Ruling and Governing of Our said Province of New 
York, and whereas humble application has been made unto Us by Our trusty and Welbeloved 
William Penn Proprietor of Our said Province of Pensilvania that he may be restored to the 
Administration of the Government thereof as formerly. And whereas the said Proprietor has 
given Us good assurance that he will take care of the Government of Our said Province and 
Territories and Provide for the safety and security thereof all that in him lyes, Wee have 
thereupon thought fitt to restore him to the full administration of the Government of Our 
said Province and Territories, and accordingly Our Will and Pleasure is that so much of Our 
said Commission bearing date the twenty-first day of October in the Fourth Year of Our 
Reign as does Constitute and appoint Our Trusty and Welbeloved Benjamin Fletcher Esq' to 
be Our Capt" Gen" and Governor in Cheif of Our said Province of Pensilvania, Countrey of 
New Castle and the Territories and Tracts of Land Depending thereon in America, together 
with all the Powers and Authorities thereby Granted for the Ruling and Governing of Our 
said Province and Countrey, do from tlie Publication of these Our Letters Patents cease 
Determine and become Void, and are accordingly declared Void, of which all Persons whom 
it may concern are to take notice and govern themselves accordingly, under pain of Our 
highest displeasure. 

Memd" This Commission past the Great Seal the 20"' of August 1694. 


TTie Queen to iJie Governor of New- YorTc. 

[Now-Tork Entries, III. 142.] 

Trusty and Welbeloved We greet you well, Whereas upon the Petition and application of 
Our trusty and Welbeloved William Pen Escf humbly Praying that he may be restored to the 
Administration of the Government of Our Province of Pensilvania Countrcy of New Castle 
and the Territories depending thereon, where of he is Proprietor in America, and upon the 
good Assurance he has given unto Us that he will take care of the Government of Our said 
Province and Countrey, and Provide for the Safety and Pecurity thereof all that in him lies, 
We have been Graciously pleased to restore liim to the Administration of the Government of 
our said Province and Countrey, and for that purpose to revoke so much of our Comission to 
you bearg date the twenty-first day of October 1692, Whereby you are appointed Our Capt" 
Gener" and Governor in Cheif of Our said Province Countrey, and Territories, We have 
thouglit fit hereby to signify the same unto you to the end you may Yeild all due Obedience to 
Our Royall Pleasure herein, And Whereas it hath been represented unto Us that not w^'standing 
the signification of Our Pleasure to Our Severall Provinces and Colonies in the Nortiiern parts 
of America the ll"" day of October 1G92, that they be aiding and assisting to you for the 
defence and Security of Our Province of the New York against the attempts of Our Enemies, 
and to agree upon a Quota of men or other assistance to be given by each of Our said 
Provinces and Colonies for the defence and Securitv of Our said Province of New York, Some 
of Our said Provinces or Colonies having omitf' to send Conimissioners to adjust tiie Quotas 
to be furnished b)- them respectively, nothing liatii l)een done tiierein. We having already 
Signified Our Pleasure to Our Colony of Connecticutt in relation to the assistance to be given 
by Our said Colony, We have further thought fitt to signify Our Will and Pleasure to the 
said William Pen, and to Our severall Provinces and Colonies of the Massachusetts Bay, 
Virginia, Maryland, and Rhode Island, that a Quota not exceeding Eighty men with their 
Officers, or the Value of the charges of maintaining the same by our said Province of 
Pensilvania, three hundred and fifty men of tiie Militia of our Province of the .Massachusetts 
Bay, one hundred and si.xtj^ men of our Province of Maryland, two hundred and forty men of 
Our Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantation be the INIeasure of assistance to be 
given by our said Provinces and Colonies respectively for the defence and Security of our said 
Province of New-York, Which said Quotas of men or other assistance. We have required and 
Commanded the said William Pen, together with Our Gover'^ or Commander in Cheif of our 
said Provinces and Colonies respectively upon your application to provide and send to be [under] 
your command and direction for your assistance in the defence of our said Province of New York, 
And for as much, as we are given to understand that there is no Establish^ Militia within Our 
Province of Pensilvania and Country of New Castle, We have further charged and required 
the said William Pen to give order that due Provision be forth with made as the Publick 
charge of our said Province and Countrey for the said assistance to be given to you by our 
said Province of Pensilvania and Countrey of New Castle at such times as you shall find it 
necessary for our service and the security of our Province of New-York to demand and 
require the same, But our E.xpress Will and Pleasure is, And We do hereby Strictly charge 
and Command you, not to demand or require at any time a greater part of any of the said 
Quotas or other assistance from any of Our said Provinces or Colonies than you shall in 
proportion demand or require of the rest of Our said Provinces or Colonies respectively, We 


not doubting of their ready and Cliearfiilly Obedience to our Royal Pleasure in a matter 

wherein the Security and Preservation as well of all Our Good Subjects Inhabiting those parts 

of America, as of our subjects within our Province of New York, is so much concerned, And 

so We bid you farewell. Given at Our Court at Whitehall the 2P* day of August 1694, In 

the si.xth year of our Reign. 

By Her Maj'' command 

J. Trenchard. 


Governor Fletcher to tlie Lords of the Admiralty. 

[ New-York Tapers, IV. B. A. 62. ] 

New York IQ"- Nov'" 1694 
May it please your Lordships 

Pursuant to my duty I do acquaint your Lordships, that their Majesties Ship the Richmond 
that attends here at great charge, is of little service in conveying our Navigation more than 
three months in the year (to witt) May, June and July, which is the time the Privateers infest 
this Coast. It is difficult to ly upon this coast the other months of the year by reason of 
abundance of ice and the North West winds. 

The trade of this place to the West Indies has much declined, our merchants fall upon new 
invention to trade to Newfoundland if the King's Ship were permitted to convey our vessells 
thither she may be back time enough to prevent the danger of any privateer upon this Coast, 
may do some Service that way against the Enemy, here are some small vessells of force that 
sail well and can assist upon occasion. 

By my Commission for the Government of New York their Majes'' impower me to erect 
Courts of Admirably and app' officers pursuant to such Comission as I shall receive from the 
Admiralty, the Comission I have received from your Lordships, restrains me from appointing 
a Judge Register and Marrischall who are the principle Officers of the Court. 

Nothing yet has happened here during my administration but sometime a small matter may 
fall in the way, and it not being worth any mans while to go to the charge of suing out a 
Commission for those places, nothing can be done warrantably. 

I am informed hitherto tliis as well as other Provinces in America, have adventured to hold 
Courts of Admiralty, not only without any Comission from th^^ Admiralty, but Contrary to 
that reservat . . . which I can not think warrantable and is a lessning of Authority. 

I therefore humbly beg your Lqp' that I may be impowered to appoint a Judge Register & 
Marraschall of the Admiralty for this Province and the dependency menconed in my 
Connnission, I shall always be ready and very careful! to observe your Lordships dirrections 
and commands therein, and in all other things as becometh 

May it please your Lopp' 
Lords of the Adm"^ Your LoP' most humble & obedient servant. 

Ben Fletcher 
Endorsed, 19 Nov. 1694 

Copy of Coll Fletcher's letter to the Lo''* of the Adm''^ 
B: A: 
P: 52: 


Governm' FleU'lier to the Lords of TvckJo. 

[Now-Tork Knlrics, III. 1%.] 

19 November 1G94. 
^[a}^ it ])lease your Loi*!" 

As my Instructions diroct I transmit to your Lordships tlie minutes of Council and Acts of 
Assembly passed in their Maj'' Province of New York with an Inventory of the Arms 
ammunition and Stores of War remaining in their Majes" Garrisons under my care which 
I shall husband to the best advantage fur their Majesties Service. I humbly beg your 
Lordships to consider it is a time of Warr and I am under an indespensable necessity not only 
to supply the Companyes of Granadeers on the English Establishment but all the Militia who 
are garrisoned on the Frontiers or that March upon any insult from the Enemv with the 
Indians who keep firm to the Covenant chain (as they call it) 

An Indian lately returned from Canada whose imforniation I seiul your Lordshii)s tells me 
the New England Indians were with Count Fi-ontinac at ]\Iount lleall boasting their mighty 
Acts, and throwing a number of Scalps at his feet reproaching tlie other Indians for not 
producing the like testimony of their Valour against the People of Albany. 

The Count carrassed thein with presents and fine words and Imediatly Ordered One 
hundred and fifty to march against New England, of which I gave S'' William Phips notice. 

He als Assured them he Would march personally against me which when he designes I 
beleive he will make it a Secrett 

Some of our Indians having carried back to Canada Eight of the French whom they had 
formerly taken Prisoners Count Frontinac dismissed Eight of their Maj" Subjects two whereof 
belong to New England whose Examination I send to your LqP' 

I have ordered the Inhabitants of I'lster to repair their fortifications and put themselve in 
order of defence and keep out scouts before I received intelligence of the design the Enemy 
hath against that place, and have sent them an Account thereof to urge their dillig" 

Albany is in better circumstances than it ever yet was, I have caused it to be new Stockaded 
and furnished it with an addition of 20 Great guns, there is 200 men in Garrison besides 
Major Ingoldesby's Company of Granadiers, I liave furnished them w"' powder partridge shott 
and round shott, and what else necessary for their defence so far as the Kings Stores here 
doth enable me. 

I know 500 men is the least can be Expected to adjust the several posts but the Province 
being under great pressures having no assistance from their Neigh" it is impossible for me to 
gett that number! 

I am endeavouring to send up One hundred men more but find great dificulty in it some 
leading men of Leislers party having got into the Assembly, who in that time voted for 
eighteen pence a day to each Soldier and levyed it upon the Countre)', and now will allow but 
eight pence cutting off" four pence a day from what they had last year, which dispirits the men 
they choose to run rather than serve, Eight pence here is not five pence Sterl: and all things 
of Provisions & cloaths are three times dearer than in England. 

I recomended to the Assembly the ruinous Condition of this Fort and the Lodgem" of the 
Soldiers of which they would take no notice. 

I sent them the Kings letter for rebuilding the Chappell and desired them to consider of a 
good fund for the mounting the great guns his Majes" lately sent, they passed a Bill for four 
Vol. IV. 15 


hundred and fifty pounds New York money for the Chappell, and one hundred and fifty pounds 
for the Guns not payable this twelve months (a small sume) it shall be applyed the best way 
I can to these uses, I have desired two of the Councill to oversee the work receive and pay 
the mone}'. 

I am in hopes to preserve the Indians from starting to the French a present from the King 
and the appearance of the Companyes which I dajiy expect will rivit them in their Allegiance, 
I liave desired iSr Heathcott to attend your Lordships with a note of such things as I conceive 
may be most acceptable and not cost above .£200. I find the Sachims so far influenced by my 
last treaty that they have not gone to Canada and left of corresponding with the French 
Governor upon an alarm lately given that the French were upon their March against Albany 
three hundred of the uppermost Nations came down to the Mohaques Castles to our Assistance. 

I can obtain no Assistance from the adjacent Colonies except the Jerseys who have sent 
thirty men which is owing to the good affection of Coll: Hamilton their Gov'' But the}' are 
now making warr upon us in point of Trade having prohibited by Act of their Assembly, the 
transportation of Pipe staves, siiingles, or Plank to New York, by which they will draw the 
Shipping thither and Establish a free port to the great prejudice of this place and sink the 
Trade of it, they pay no duty to the King and all will flock to it. 

We already feel that of Pensilvania where tliey Trade at large under no regulation this 
being much nearer and upon the same River with us will utterly ruine the Revenue of this 

Pensilvania New Castle and the Jerseys were formerly part of this Government and now 
they wound it, My Commission for Pensilvania and the other for Connecticutt cannot cure the 
malady if they were all united again into one Government they will fall under the same Law 
duties and Services. 

I most humbly beg your Lop' that the Substance for the Companies here may be duly paid, 
and a yearly Supply of Stores sent over, I shall alway's endeavour to adjust my loyalty to 
their Maj'' and my duty to your Lordships I am 

May it please your Lop' 

Your Lqp^ most humble most 

faithful & most obedient Servant 

Benj: Fletcher 

Major Ingoldesby to Governor Fletcher. 

[New- York, (B. T.) V., A41.] 

Albany Oct: the IS"- 1694. 
May it please yo' Excell: 

I received your Excellency's kind letter of the 4"" instant for which I returne my most hearty 
acknowledgments. Since M"' Livingston left this towne there has been nothing of moment, 
but what I here inclosed send to yo"' Excell. The Governo"" of Canida threatens liard tiiough I 
am of opinion he never designes to atacque this place, unless he is well informed how ill a 
condition we are in. I have mounted all the guns and made up the Stone Mount, and made a 
Magazeen under it, which is well arched. I hope it will be to your Excell' satisfaction. I 


desire your Excell:, will be pleased jto send up some more ponder and some partridge Shot, 
and a Water Lanthorn or any thing else which your Excell. may think convenient for these 
garrisons; then we shall endeavour to give y*^ French a wellcome if they come. 

The lo"" instant hapened a sad accident to Henry Ransler, having his barno and barricks of 
corn burnt to tlie ground. The same hapened the last yeare about 14 dayes sooner. Likewise 
a fire att Schanechtady, which has burnt 1000 skipple of wheat. My wife and selfe desires 
our dutyes may be acceptable to your Excell and my Lady, wishing your Excell. all health 
and prosperity, which is the hearty desires and well wishes of him that will ever remain 

Your Excell: most humble 

faithfuU and obedient Servant 
A true Copy Rich: Ingoldesby. 

(signed) David Jamison. 

Intelligence received from ScJienectady. 

[New-York, (B. T.) V., A42.] 

Schanechtady IS"" Ocf 1G94. 

There is an Indian Squae who hath been prisoner three years, and an Indian, come from 
Canida 24 days agoe, and arrived in the Praying Indians Castle, say, that some Cayouges have 
been with the Governour att Mont Royall, with some French prisoners ; and presented them 
to the Governour in the presence of severall nations of Indians and say that they came to reject 
the ketle of warr. Whereupon the Governour of Canida replyed, I know not who has the 
power to doe that, for I give all my people tlie ax in their hands again. 

Say, that there were many of the Praying Indians that would not take up the hatchet; 
they who would not take up the hatchett said to the Governour if wee take up the hatchett 
again, lett us goe and kill Cayenquiragoe, for the sooner the better then there is an end. 
Whereupon the Governour answered, not so hastly, we will doe it in y° winter when there is 
ice. Whereupon the Praying Indians went out a hunting for 20 days. Say, that the Governour 
was resolved to come to fight the Onnondages this winter, but they had held him till now 
Say, the Onnondages had told the Governour of Canida that Cayenquiragoe thouglit to surprize 
him ; and therefore would see and take 1 or 2 prisoners from hence before there comes ice, to 
hear how the matter is; that Wahawa is still alive. 

A true Copy 
(signed) David Jamison CI Cofllij 


Examination of Mattliev) Pawling and Nicholas Smith. 

[ New-York Papers, IV. B. A. 40. ] 

Tlie Inforinacon of Matthew Pawling and Nicholas Smith being examined by 
his Excell. Benjamin Fletcher Capt : Gen" & Governour of New Yorke &■= 
at Fort William Henry the lO"' day of Novemb"' 1694 

His Excell asked. 

How long have you been in Canida 

Atiswer. Pawliag four years and about 5 months. Smith about three years. 

Q; Where were you taken 

Alls: In the Province of Wells in New England. 

Q: How come you to be dismissed from Canida. 

Alts: Some of the Indians of the five Nations brought home some French people who were 
prisoners in y' Indian Countr}^, whereupon Count Frontiniac dismissed eight of us, Six 
whereof belong to this Province he gave as this passe & 2-5 dayes provision Each, two of the 
eight tarryed in Canida for fear of the Indians «& the danger of travelling the other four are 
at their homes in the Fronteers and we in our way home came to acquaint yo'' Excell. of 
what we know of y^ Enemy mocon & designes. 

Q; What hath Count Frontiniac been doing att Mount Reall this Summer I perceive your 
passe is dated from Quebec. 

Arus: He has been mustering all his forces & treating witli all the Indians in allyance with 
him. w'e heard the Indians of New England were there alsoe & we saw some of the Prisoners 
were lately taken att Oyster river. — We heard he had sent out spyes to discover the Esopus 
Country below Albany who give account that the people are not vigilant & live scattering It 
was said there is a designe to march against the Mohaques & Esopus this winter, & they have 
their snow shoes in readynesse 

Q: Heard you nothing of a peace concluded att Mount Reall between the Governour of 
Canida & tlie five Nations of Indians belonging to this Province. 

Alls: We heard some of them come to make peace with Count Frontinac which he denyed 
unlesse they would engage to make warr against the English Colonies which they utterly 
refused yet notwithstanding were brought to Quebecq' & treated very splendidly with firing 
all the Great gunns & many bombs & Granada Shells. 

Q: What Shipping are att Quebecq* 

Alls: There are two shipps of warr this summer brought over 25 Great Gunns which are 
not yett mounted one ship of fourty gunns the oy'' 20 & 300 men between them who under 
the command of Deboraveille' are gone against the English factory in the North West passage 
it was said he has a grant of y^ profitts of that place for three years time if he take it, if he 
faile of it he is to cruise upon this coast. 

Q: Was there any partyes sent any where this summer. 

Alls: Wee heard a Party were sent towards New England with larg encouragements to 
disiroy what they can. 

Q: How is Quebecq fortifyed 

' Mr. Le Motne d' Ieekville. — Ei>. 


A?is: By the water side there is platfornies a stone brestwork very low will give litle 
shelter to tlieir men tlie greatest has 12 giinns whicli will tlirovv a ball of 00 pounds the fort 
stands very liigli in the upper town wliicii is forlilyed to liie land side by a wall made 16 loot 
thicknesse of brush faggotts & Eartii Palisados laid on the outside & small sharp pointed 
stockados coming from tlie head of the palisados pointing outwards to p'vent running over the 
wall this wall is not yet finished but they have two ingineers come over this sonimer & wee 
heard tliey intend to build a stone wall round the town. In the Fort & Town of Quebecq* 
there one hundred & fourty gunns & not above three hundred inhabitants that can bear 

Q: What prisoners did you leave beliinde you. 

Ans: 63 men women & children, there was a rumour that they would shortly be dismissed 
by way of France. Wee made choice to come over land to Albany : they were so civill to us 
to give us a small compase & a draft of the way. 

Q: When did you sett out from Qubecq" 

Alls : the S"" of Octob : last. 

November the 10'" 1694 

Then Matthew Pauling & Nicholas Smith were sworne to the truth of tlie above answers by 
His Excell : command 

David Jamisox CI: Concilii. 

Endorsed. Pauling & Smith informacon concerning Canida & Quebeque given the 
10"" of Novem-- 94 
Rec" 31 May 1695 from Col' Fletcher 
B: A: 
P: 40: 

Gove)"nor Fletchei''s Certificate. 

[ New- York, (B. T.) V., A83.] 

To the Right Hon'"^ the Lords of the Comittee of Trade and Plantations. 

May it please Your Lops. 

Whereas Coll: Abraham De Peyster and M"" Robert Livingston have by their peticon 
presented unto me the 6"" of December 1694, Sett forth that in the year 16S9. when Jacob 
Leisler had taken upon him the administracon of the governm* of the Province of New Yorke 
under pretence of their Maties Service, was seized and forcibly carryed away from the comon 
store room for powder, in the city of New Yorke twenty five barrills of powder whereof 
fifteen barrills did belong unto Coll: Abraham De Peyster and ten ban-ills to M' Livingston; 
which twenty five barrills of powder were remaining in the store room of their Matyes fort, 
at the arrivall of Coll: Henry Sloughter late Governo"' of the s"* Province, dec'', and are 
since disposed of for their JLityes service praying that they may have the same quantity of 
powder delivered to them out their Matyes store room in this Fort, or that I will recommend 
their case home to yo'' Lops. 

I doe hereby certify that I have examined the allegacons of the s"* peticoners and finde them 


to be true, but having under consideracon it is time of actuall warr, a great distance from 
England and that I have transmitted an accompt from time to time to yo"" Lops, of all the 
stores of ammunicon in the Province, and there being a daily consumption of powder to supply 
the garrisons of New Yorke, Albany, Schenectady, Kingston, and other advance posts, also the 
Indians that are sent out upon partyes, I think it not convenient att present to diminish their 
Maties store in this Province by giving out the s"" quantity of powder to the peticoners; 
therefore humbly submitt their case to yo"' Lops I am 

Yo' Lops most humble, most 

faithfuU & most obedient Servant 
N: Yorke Decemb'' S"" 1694. Ben: Fletcher. 

Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade. 

[New-York Entries, III. 206.] 

May the 29"' 1695. 
May it please your Lordsi'P' 

Since my last conference with the Indians of the five Nations at Albany I find them wholy 
The Indians divert- diverted fi'om hearkening to the Government of Canada, who seems to have a 
ed from the French. ^^Q^j^^jj^g \^^^^ ^^^^ experiences as well as years. The French Count is much 
enraged thereat, and treatned iiard to destroy their Castle at Onondage for breach of promise, 
and because they did not return to Canada to conclude the Peace he pretends they have made, 
he has sent two messengers this winter to that effect, I sent herewith a Copy of the Message 
with the result and answer of the five Nations thereupon soon after their answer came to 
Canada, Our Indians were alarmed with reports that the French and their Indians were on their 
March to destroy Onondage and resettle Cadaraquin which put the Sachims in some Conster- 
nation, and having wrote to me for assistance I presently supplyed them with 
them with iimmu- Ammunition and Ordered three hundred men to march to their defence, the 

nition and 300 men 

alarm proved false, but I have ordered them to keep strict watch. 
The five Nations have lately sent down two of their greatest Sachims (the one their principall 
Orator the othere their greatest Warriour) to return me thanks and to desire my advice how 
to proceed in the war against Canada and have engaged to me follow my directions and pursue 
the warr with Vigour, I did make presents to them above the value of fifty pounds they seemed 
well satisfied and full of resolutions at parting. If his Majesty shall think fitt to order that 
small present for the Indian Kings which I menconed in my last (a copy of the list is here 
inclosed) 'twould be a great encouragement to them, they are the greatest barrier we have 
against Encroachments of the French in Canada. 

A small party of Souie Small sculkiug party of French and Indians have lately killed an old 
French near Albany, -^y^r^^ near Albany and carried away one or tvi'o prisoners 

The Councill of this Province have, cleared acco'* with M" Sloughter the late 

Coll ; Sloiiclitpr's 

nccts gelled found Govemor Sloughter'sWidd: who is found to be indebted the sum of One hundred 

In debt 13U£. ° 

and thirty pounds fifteen shillings seven pence three farthings New York money for 
the use of the two Companys, she supports herself in a Nationall opinion that your Lordship will 


allow her 1000 pounds out of their Majesties Revenue of this Province which she alleages was 
given her husband by Act of Assembly intituled an Act to Enable his Excellency to defray 
the extraordinary charges of the Governments &"= this Act (as I am informed) was made to 
Endemnify the Coll: for receiving tiie duties which were formerly esteemed the Kings 
Revenue in this Province before there was an Act of Assembly Authorizing the same and 
to order the application thereof towards defraying the ciiarges wliicli did accrue in the 
Government somtime before Governor Sloughter's arrivall and uiiliU the passing of the said 
Act, the charges did far exceed tiie sume that was raised, if your Lordships do siguify j-our 
pleasure in this matter 'twill be a favour to her. She tarryes in tiie Country to this end. 

Upon the removall of INP Dudley & M' Pinhorne from the Council for nou residence being by 

instructions tyed up from proceeding to business (except in case of absolute necessity) without 

a Quorum of five, some of the Council! being superanuated, others living remote in the Country 

and some often taken up in tlieir private Vocations I found a necessity to call M' 

Mr. Ilcnihcott to be „ - ^^ , , -r-. i , i i i~i ■ j ^ , /• " ^ 

of lue councui. Cab Heathcott to the Board who has been very berviceable and forward upon 
all occasions and pursuant to my instructions I did transmitt an Account thereof by sundry 
vessells to your Lordships which Vessells happened to miscarry, 1 therefore again pray Your 
Lordships for a warrant for his confirmation. 

Just now comes advice from Boston of the arrival of the two Companies of Grandiers there, 
An ammi su ly ^ humbly beg your LordsP' the subsistance of the four Companies be punctually 
of stores lobe sent p^j^j ^^^ ^^ afiuall Supply of Storcs sen[t] over, I am obli^'-ed to furnish with 
amunition the Country Fusiliers upon the Frontiers and the Indians that are dayly sent out 
in partyes as well as the Companies upon the establ"' of England. 
..,.,,. I have received intelliuence likewise from Albanv for a speedy design the 

Is otice of a design • .1^0 

upon Albany. Frcuch havo either against Albany or Oynondage, I send a Copy thereof herewith 

for your Lordships Information, I have alwayes ordered affairs so as to be in continual readiness 
to oppose the Enemy w"* hath been chargeable and burdensome to the Inhabitants of this 
Province whilst our Neighb" have enjoyed a continued tract of protection and safty during the 
warr and have given very little assistance I am 

May it please Your LoP' 

Your LoP' most humble faithful & most 

obedient Servant. 

Benj" Fletcher. 


Message from the Governor of Canada to the Five JVations, and their Answer. 

[ Sew-Tork Papers, IV. E. A. 4S. ] 

Cayenquirago Gorr of New York Propositions made at Oiinondage the 31* of January 1691 By 

Onontio Governor of Canifla it'tt r r^ ■ ^ ivrio 

Canuissoone 6 Nations two Prayiijg Indians come irom Lanida one a JMonaq" 

Canesseilage 1 1^^ forts in Canida Called Tiurliadareio Otherwise diakognorak'igl's the other 

Cagnewage j . 

Onogungos Eastern Indians in N Engl J an Oneyde Called Jelianontsiesta sent from Onontio 

Ottowawas tfe Dionnndades are Indians r /-^ 

in amity wtii the French. Governonr of Canida 

The Interpreter was adogeow the Great Oneyde Who began 
The two Messenger's are sent from Onontio as Servants. 

1" Onontio say's Children I wape of the tear's from your Eyes & the blood of those that are 
sorrowfull in the house or Canossoene. Gives three fatham wampum. 

2. Children I am told a great storme of winde makes your mindes weaver to and fro' 
retain no Evill thought's of me I am still Onontio the Good over the five Nations or 
Canossoene be not afaid of me then. Gives a belte 

3. Children the Canossoene take notice W'" I now let you know Oneydes I thanke you 
for your Good inclinations and the knowledg' you had in sending to me the father Milett 
with three or four French whom you had taken prisoners. I see yo' wisdome is greate, 

Cayenquiragoe the Governo"' of New York' has don' the like' & I also to him, now my will is 
that you deliver nnto me all the French Prisoners' great and small that you have in the 
Canossoone. Let me see them all in Canida in the Spring I am not Idle but take much care 
of the Prisoners of the Canossoone that are deteined by the Ottowawes and Dionondages I 
intend to Unite yo'' mind's in the Spring. Give a belt of wampum. 

4. Children I do not double but you remember well what I proposed to you formerly but 
now I send for you who are the Sachims of the whole Canossoene to speake with me in 
Canida in the Spring. I will speake of good thing's be not jealous or fearfull of my ill 
intent I will sent a guard to meete you & convey you to Canida that wee may speake togither, 
bring my flesh the prisoners with you. Give a belt of Wampum. 

The Indians hereupon gave four times the Shout saying Jo : Hue. Hue. Hogli. 

Propositions made by the praying Indians of Canida' that lives in the fort's of 
Canessedage & Cagnawage. 

1. Brethren & Countreymen hold wee pray & keep' strong and fast what Onontio now 
proposes to you. We pray you again' & again' Brethren. Give a Belt of Wampum. 

2 Brethren the way shall be safe & wellcome in the Spring we will meet you half way in 
good cannoes & convey you safely. Give a belt of Wampum. 

The Indians hereupon shout Jo. Hue. Jo. Hue. 

After the Proposition were made the Messenger's say'd. 

Wee Praying Indian's must now let you know' w' wee are bid to say. 

1. Oneroaha bids' us tell you that Onontio will again put a garrison at Cadaracqui. 

2. Adiejagthaa bid's us tell you that Onontio hath sent the Onogungos to New England to 
fighte & not to fetch beaver's this winter but scalp's. 


3. Another Praying Indian bid us tell you that Father Milett told him Cayenquirago6 has 
sent to Onontio by the Prisoner's he sent back' Letter's of Great familiarity & concern' 
contriveing to mine the Canossoene desireing Onontio to fall upon you & promiseing to 
withdraw from you ammunition 

The Answer given the 4"" of Feb. 169*^ at Onondage by the five Nations. 

Kaqueendara Speaker 

You servant's & Mengeessrs of Onontio hearken well & remember well what wee now 
speake unto you. 

-Then takes up the three fatham of Wampum & touches one with his finger saying this 
wipes the tear's from our Eyes touching the other say's this washes away tlie blood. 

Then putting them all three together sayd Throw away the bitter Gall out your body 
Onontio & clear up yo'' understanding. Give three fathem wampum. 

Onontio you call us children you have begotten. What Father are you. You deale with 
us whom you call Children as with hogg's which are called home from the woods by Indian 
Corn & then put in Prisons untill they are killed thus you have dealt by us whom you call 
children you have sent for us often to Canida' & Cadaracqui & in our return our Indian's 
were either killed or taken Prisoner's. O Onontio you say wee must keep the firme covenant 
chaine which you have broake many times in time of Peace' how did Ogquese endeavour with 
Ids Armey to fall upon our Brethren the Mohaqs twenty six years ago. Afterwards in time of 
peace you sent for our Sachims who wente and you by yo' Indians in the way fell upon them 
& killed Eighte Some year's after you sent for us againe & in our return' your Indians the 
Dionondades fell upon us in the Lake' & killed many Wee threw all this into a deep Pit of 
oblivion, how have you dealt by our People at Cadaracqui, Oh y' smarts still. Remember 
w' you did to our Brethren the Senekes in time of a covenante & peace Remember w* you 
have done to our brethren in Schenectady, so soon you heard of Warr over the broad lake' you 
murthered & burnt all what was there both man & beaste notwithstanding about a month 
before you had sent Cajeuhod an Oneyde into our Country with a deceitfull message & Letters 
to Milett O Onontio are you so' forgetfull that will not do' it is not many month's agoe 
since you were desired to be quiet from warr by Dekauitsore as you desired us & now' wee 
are informed you have sent the Onongungos to fight against our brethren in New England 
that will not succeed Onontio it is true' Wee have invited father Millet to us & then made 
him Prisoner Wee likewise keepte Dionakaronde (or Chavaleer Deaux) when he came amongst 
but then it was Warr between you & us. Give a belte of Wampum 

Onontio do' not thinke that our mindes doe waver to and fro as by a Storme of wind as you 
please to tell us & that yo' heart is Good. O Onontio is j-o"" heart and mind' Good why then 
do you send the Onogungos yo' souldier's and servant's against our brethren in New Engl"* 
to kill them. Our hatchett is not grown' blunte you know very well our brethren & wee are 
one body therefore take the hatchett from the Onogunges. Give a belt of Wampum 

Onontio you demand of us all the French prisoners great & small to be brought to Canida 
which wee will not grant untill you first send unto us & Cayenquiragoe our brother all the 
Prisoners you & thee Donondades have, send them & then wee will tell you w' wee will 
do. Give a belt of Wampum. 

Vol. IV. 16 


Onontio Wee will send no' Sachim from the Cannassoone to Canida nor any Prisoners, if 
you minde to speake with us send yo'' messengers to us send yo"" wise people the sou of 
Ogquesse' Stawislawie & Orrasa^ they can speake our Language very well, Send also our 
people who are yo'' prisoners belonging to us & our brethren send y"" to Onondage. Give a 
belt of Wampum. 

Onontio your fyre shall' burn' no' more at Cadaracqui it shall never be kindled again. 
You did steale that place from us & wee quenched the fyre with the blood of our children 
You thinke your selfes the ancient inhabitants of this countrey & longest in possession yea 
all the Christian Inhabitant's of New York & Cayenquiragoe thinke the same of themselves 
WeeWarriours are the firste & the ancient people & the greatest of You all, these part's and 
country's were inhabited and trodd upon by us the warriour's before any Christian'' (then 
stamping hard with his foot upon the ground) sayd, Wee shall note suffer Cadaracqui to be 
inhabited againe. Onontio we Canossoene do' say we will never suffer you to kindle your 
fire at Cadaracqui I repeat this again & again. Give a belt of wampum. 

The answer to the French praying Indians February 4"' 169f. 

The Speaker first gave three fathem wampum to wipe of the tears' and blood of those that 
were troubled. 

Brethren & Countrevmen deliver to Onontio all the Prisoners you have belonging to us & 
our Brother Cayenquiragoe & bring them to Onondage. Give a belt of wampum. 

Brethren and Countrymen Give unto Onontio a portion of understanding & perswade him 
to demand all the prisoner's from the Ottawawa, & Dionondades & bring them hither to 
Onondage Give a belt of Wampum. 

The Canossoene send with the Messenger's two belts of Wampum to the Donondades in 
answer to their two belt's and red stones that they sent last year. 

A true Copy. David Jamisox CI. Concilii. 

Endorsed. Copy of a message from the Govern"' of Canida to the five Nations of Indians 
in New Yorke & their answer thereupon. Feb''^ 4"" 169^ 

Coll Fletcher ReC" 1" Aug' 1695 

B: A: 
P: 48: 

' The Indian name of Mr. le Modje; it signifies a Partridge. Colden, 107, note. — Ed. 

" The Indian name of Mons. IIertel. Original in New -York Colonial Manuscripts, XL. — Ed. 

' The Indian mode of expression is more closely preserved in the original record, in which the passage reads thus: 

"You think those of the Cannossoene to be the Eldest in the Country and the greatest in possession. O noe. Yen, all the 
Asseroenis doe thinck ye same, Cayenquiragoe also. (Then the Speaker pointed with his finger upon me and said) Noe, 
O, noe. Wee Onqwes are the first and we are the eldest and the greatest These parts and Conlries ware Inhabited and trede 
upon by the Onqwes before there was any Asseroenie " New - Y(yrk Colonial Manuscripts, XL. — Ed. 


Intelligence received from Onondage. 

[New-York Papers, IV., B. A., 49.] 

An Abstract of Intelligence sent from Arnout Vielle from Onondage 
Feb. IS* 169t. 

Yesterday arrived messengers from the Seneke's & Cayouges with two belts of Wampum 
to acquainte the Onondage's that Count Frontinac has sent a private message to them by 
Ohonsacktaddie one of their Nation witli a great belt of Wampum to tell that he will fall upon 
the Onondages in the Spring & desire' the other four Nations to be sylente for which he gave 
two reason's, first Dekanissord has broke his word in not returning to Canida. secondly 
Dekanssore has gon' to Albany to meete Cayenquiragoe, & has given defyance to all the 
strength of Canida & deny'd to observe any agreemente or proposall of his. 

The whole five Nation's send seven hands Wampum, to inform' the Mahikanders or River 
Indians of this. 

The Sachims complains much for want of Powder. 

February IS" IGQf. 

The Sachims & Captaines have desired me to write to Cayenquiragoe as followeth. 
Brother Cayenquiragoe 

Wee e.xpect the Enemy daily Lett us have powder & lead Wee do not go' on the other 
syde the lake to hunte, but keep watch lest the Enemy surprize us as soon' the weather is 
open wee will make our Castle stronger Wee desire you will discharg' the selling of rumm 
to any of our Nations Let our Indians have powder & lead instead of rum Let the Blacksmiths 
repair our armes for nothing. 

Ho Cayenquiragoe Lett us live Lett us note want ammunition Wee have too small a bag 

for a beaver Give order that they be made somew' bigger then shall wee be satisfyed that all 

is Lyes Onontio hath sayd unto us & that you do not endeavour our mine Let not our 

Enemyes rejoyce and laugh at us. 

A true copy. 

(signed) David Jamison CI. Concilii 

Onondage February 21"' 169f in the night. 
Just now comes tidings by a Seneka Squad who was taken prisoner by the Praying Indian's 
of Canida & runn away from them. She is a strong lusty weoman. 

She says. That a Party consisting off the Dawaganhas, & French praying Indians are sett 
oute from Canada for Cadaracqui & that the French were to follow in three or four day's time. 
That she left them as they begunn their march. She believes they are already gott to Cadaracqui 
I have not yet learned of her how many day's it is since she left them. 

That they are to rendevouz at Cadaracqui & from thence to come againste Onondage & the 
whole five Nations. 

Caqueendara Decannissore & all the other Captains desire the assistance of three hundred 
Christians with as many River Indians & Mahikander's as can be gott togither saying, that 
now is the time for Cayenquiragoe, to perform' his promise in assisting us 

A true Copy 
(Signed) David Jamison CI. Concilii. 


(Endorsed) Copy Intelligence from Onondage Feb^^ IS"- & 21'>' 169*- 
Reced 1" Aug' 1695 
from Coll Fletcher. 
B: A: 
P: 49: 

Intelligence received from Albany. 

[New-York Papers, IV., B. A., 50. ] 

On the 15. of May 169^ Saddageras a Sachim of the Praying Indians did arrive at Albany 
with seven hands of Wampum to acquaint Cayenquiragoe that Canaqualho a Mohogg of tlie 
uppermost Castle Last year went to hunte near Canida haveing a desire to see his brother wlio 
was amongst the Canida Praying Indian's & on the sixth of January last brought his brother 
from Canida with hiiri to the Countrey of our Indians that he heard them say the Governo' 
of Canida has some great designs against Albany or, Onondage whereof she acquaints 
Cayenquiragoe & have sent intelligence to Onondage tliat the Brethren may upon their guard 

Hee say's that they left behind them iu Canida Canaqualho's relation to watch their motion 
& bring intelligence thereof. 

On the IS of May came Canaqualho to Albany & confirmes this intelligence & say further 
that six of the Dawaganhaes or far Indians have been at Canida to know if the Governo"' of 
Canida was inclined to make peace with the five Nation's & that the Governo'' of Canida did 
answer that he had said so' with his mouth but his heart was for warr the Dawaganiiaes 
reply'd it is by your will wee make warr with the five nation's & therefore wee will conclude 
no' peace with them, then the Governo'' of Canida presented them with six barrells powder. 

Hee say's moreover that when he left Canida one Onwondaquiro & Adawakto w"" eighteen 
Canida Indian's were sent out by the Governour of Canida toward's Albany to take a Prisoner 
that hee may be informed w' Cayenquiragoe does & if he designes to come against Quebeq' 
by sea, that he was informed the Governo'' of Canida told the Dawaganhaes he was about to 
resettle Cadaracqui to be nearer to annoy the five Nation's and assist them. And that the 
Governo"" of Canida did also say to the Dawaganhaes true it was he did send for two men of 
each of the five Nation's & two from Cayenquiragoe & did pretend he designed to conclude a 
peace with them but if hee had gott them once in Canida he had either made them bend to 
all his proposalls or used them as they did Chevaleer Deaux. 

A true Copy. David Jamison CI. Concilii. 

Endorsed. Copy Intelligence come to Albany May y= IS"" 1695 
ReC 1 Aug 1695 
from Coll Fletcher 
B: A: 
P: 50: 


JReverend Mr. Delliu-s to Governor Fletcher. 

[New-York rajiers, B. A., 51.] 

May it please yo' Excell 

Upon Tuesday the 20"" last came to me an Indian named Joseph one of my proselites from 
Canida in thirteen days time the last fall he went from the Maquaes Castle to Onondage to 
assist at their meeting in the name of the Second Castle of the Maquaes to assist and consult 
upon the propositions the Indian messengers made there in the name of the Governor of 
Canida Our Indians pcrswaded this Joseph to go along to Canida with the messengers to 
see how affairs went there so soon as he came to Mount Ueall he was very coldly received and 
was not permitted to speak with any body, the 2^ day after his arriveall he was sent to Quebeq' 
where the Governour spoke very kind to him and said that he looked upon him as an enemy 
and a spy and if ever lie came again he would put him to death the five nations having deluded 
him so many times that he would not hear of any offers of peace for he was certainly perswaded 
that the five Nations have made an indissoluble covenant with Cayenquiragoe and uulesse in 
in the space of two months there came two of every nation to comply with him he will 
undoubtedly fall upon them with an army all preparacons being making thereto. 

The said Joseph informs that the Governour of Canida had sent to the French Maquaes 
Indians to go out against this Government to bring in some prisoners to informe iiim of the 
affairs of these parts the Indians were unwilling to goe but by the persuasion of the Jesuits 
three small part3-s went out and two partys were returnd again before Joseph came away 
one party brought in three of my proselites taken at their hunting place the other party 
brought in that young man lately taken from Greenbush neere Albany being asked what news 
were at Albany he ansv^'ered there was a great many old England soldiers arrived at Albany 
and after a few dayes a great many more were expected and that yo"' Excellency had an army 
ready to goe and destroy Cadaracqui and another army to go against Mount Reall with a fleet 
of six hundred sail of ships to attacque Quebeque. 

Joseph reports further that there were fifty of the proselites a hunting together and discovered 
by the French Maquaes. That the Governour had sent sixty bushloopers with one hundred 
& fourty Indians (but no French Maquas Itidiaiis) with expresse order not to take a prisoner 
alive but kill all, before he came from Mount lleall there was news that the party es were niett 
together and that our Iiulians were upon their guard but knows not what is become of it. 

The Indians told him further that if the messengers of the five nations would come to 
Canida the Governour would serve them as our Indians served Chevaleer Dcaux & his 

This is all the Relation I can give yo'' Excell from this proselite there are two of the proselites 

with two Maquaes & two River Indians this last week gone to Canida to fight and to see if they 

can take a prisoner upon their return yo' Excell shall have an account they have promised 

to be here in the space of fourty days the leader of the party is one Brandiho who received 

the last year a present of cloaths from yo"" Excellency I hope they will have good successe. 

I remain 

Yo'' Excellency's most humble 

& most obedient ser\'ant 

Albany the 24"' of May 1695. 


P. S. Just now there is arrived here six of the proselites from their hunting they tell me 
that there is two squaes and two boys of their castles that were carryed away prisoners to 
Canida have made their escape and are come to Schenectady in 17 days, they confirm the 
same news Joseph brough heither and they are making all preparacons to rebuild Caderacqui 
no vessells this year arrived at Quebecque. 

A true Copy. (signed) David Jamison CI. Concilii 

Endorsed, Copy of Intelligence come from Albany the 24"" May 1695. 
Reced 1" Aug' 1695. from Coll Fletcher. 
B: A: 
P: 51: 


Presents recommended to he given to tJie Five Nations^ c&c. 

[New-York Entries, III. 301.] 

A List of goods proper to be presented to the five Nations of Mohaques Onedes 
Onnondages Cayouges & Senekes within the River Indians at Albany. 

24. Coats of blew Cloath which cost in England about 9^ a peece, the said Coats to be 

laced with S' Martins lace and brass buttons find'g setforth. 
24. Hats of ab' 4^ a p" in England laced about. 
24. Shirts of Ordinary Linnen. 
24. Striped Neckecloaths. 
24. Pair of Shoes and Buckles. 
24. Pair of Ordinary red Stockings. 

6. Half peices of red Stroud water Cloath. 

6. Peices of Striped Blanketts. 

10. Peeces of blew ) t~> a- n 
.„ ^ , > Dufiells 

2. Peeces of red ) 

20. Dozen of woolen hose red, blew, yellow. White. 

500. Ells of white osenb : for Shirts 

2. G rose of Knives black hafted sharpe points 

1. Grose of brass Tobacco boxes 

1. Barrell of Pipes 

6. Pound of Vermillion 

50. Brass Kettles of two, three, & four pound a p" thin beaten and light to Carry when 

they go a hunting, or to war if the Continue, there should be added. 

50. Guns as the Traders have from Leige the Barrell of 4i foot long which used to cost at 

Amsterdam about 8 Stivers the foot, and the lock with all that belongs to it use to cost 

there twelve stivers, the stocks are better made at New York or Albany a p 4' a peece. 

2000 lbs of Lead and 1000 of good flints. 

10. Barrells of Powder. 

Which is humbly submitted unto y"' Excell'^ 

New York By your Excell : most Obed' Servant 

lO"" of November 1694. S' V. Cortlandt. 



At the Comittee of Trade and Plantations At the Councill Chamber at Whitehall the 
4"" of June 1695. 

Upon reading a letter to the Committee from Collonel Fletcher Governour in Cheif of 
,,. . . ^ „ New York dated the lO"" of November last Representing, that he is in hopes to 

Minute of the Com- r D' r 

FicteherTLeitc^V preserve the five Nations of Indians from Starting to the French, and that a 
to?iit s'lndu^Nl- present from the King would confirm tiiem in their allegiance to his Majes'^ and 
therefore humbly proposing that severall coats and other things mentioned in a 
list transmitted by Collonell Fletcher to the value of two hundred pounds would be sent to 
them from his Majesty, Their Lordships agree to move their Excellencys the Lords Justices 
in Councill that Orders may be given for the Payment of the said Coats and other materialls 
menconed in the said List hereunto Annexed to be sent to Collonel Fletcher for presents to 
the Indians accordingly. 

Proceedings of the Lords of Trade concerning Mr. Livingstones Petition^ &c. 

[Journal, VHI. 100-104.] 

At the Comittee of Trade and Plantations at the Council Chamber at Whitehall 
Wensday the SS"- of August 1695. 

Present — Earl of Monmouth Mr Sec^ Trumubll 

Earl of Montague Mr Chancell"" of y' Excheq' 

M^ Smith. 

New York. -phc Petition and Case of Robert Livingston of Albany in New York referr'd to 

the Committee by their Excellencies order in Council of the 22'' of this month read, Praying to be 
reimbursed the severall Sums he has expended for the good of the Government of New York and 
the Pef being called in and heard he alledges that the money raised by Act of Assembly for the 
payment of the Petitioner and other Creditors of the Publick has not been applyed to that use 
by reason of the great Exigencies of the Government for the defence of the Frontiers, that 
unless Orders shall be given here in England for the Pet" satisfaction he has no hopes of relief 
in New York by reason of Coll: Fletcher's proceedings there, for the proof whereof he produces 
divers witnesses before the Committee. 

And Philip French of New York Gentlem" being sworn says that having heard it discourst 
at New York before the election of the Assembly about May last that Coll : Fletcher said he 
would pistol! any man that should chuse Peter De la Noy to serve for that place, the Deponent 
went to dine with Coll : Fletcher with intent to know the truth of such Report and having 
spoke of it there in Coll : Fletcher's presence, he the said Coll : Fletcher did not deny but 
rather owned that he had said so, Whereupon the Deponent asking why he put up De la Noy, 
he answered that he did not, and the Deponent saying that Coll : De Peyster had reported it 
so Coll : Fletcher said De la Noy and De Peyster were both Rascalls. 

That at the time of the said Election for New York, the Deponent heard there was a great 
deal of trouble in the town about it, and on the day of election he saw many Soldiers and 


Seamen witli clubs in the field, of wliich he took notice to one of the Members of Councill 
that was there and seeing severall of those called Leisler's Party going out of the field he the 
Deponent enquired the reason of it from some of them who told him there was a rumer of 
pressing in the field and therefore they would not stay. The Deponent further says he heard 
tliere had been great heats in the Assembly about the Accounts of the Publick Money. The 
Deponent furtlier says Major Howell told him the last Spring, he feared he the said Major 
Howell should meet with some trouble because the Governor having called a Court Martial 
of the Militia Officers to consider of the Relief of Albany, and the Detachments to be sent 
thither which the Officers consented should be sent upon the credit of being paid by the next 
Assembly, But that the said Howell was afterwards sent to Albany with the Detachment. 
The Deponent says he heard it said all the Goldsmiths in town were employed in making 
Snuff boxes and other plate for presents for the Governor, and that Capt : Sims Captain of a 
Merchant Ship was a Lieutenant of the King's Company at Albany, William Kid Master of 
the Brigantine Antegoa being sworn says at the election of Assemblymen for the Town of 
New York, about 3 months since he saw Soldiers and Seamen with Clubs &" in the field, and 
many went off the field least they should be prest, and he heard tliere were freedoms given to 
severall persons over niglit before the Election And the Deponent and others Masters of Ships 
were spoke to by the Sheriff to bring their Seamen on sliore to Vote. 

Samuel Bradley of New York being sworn says the Evening before the Election of 
Assembly men in May last for New York, he saw at the INIajors house severall freedoms made 
out to the Purser, Gunner, Boatswain and others of the King's Ship, and the next day he saw 
severall of the men of wars men in tiie field. That he the Deponent ask't M"' Tutall tlie 
Sherriff whether the freedom intended for the Deponent was made out, which the Sherriff 
said was ready witli the freedome of severall others. 

John Albrougli a Dutch man being sworn says when the Assembly men were to be elected 
for New York about May last he saw some of the Soldiers and Seamen of the Man of War in 
the field and he was afraid to stay there for fear of being prest the soldiers were not in their 
soldiers coats. That the Deponent's Master being an Assembly man he heard iiis Master say 
he had ask't the GoV for an Account, but he was not clear about and soon after the Governor 
broke the Assembly. 

Joseph Davies being sworn say's he saw with an Assemblyman, a short account which came 
from the last Assembly of about fifteen hundred pounds said to be remaining in the Governor's 
hands of which he heard the Assembly did desire a more particular account before they would 
anything else, upon which the Gov' did dissolve the Assembly. 

The Deponant being Master's Mate of the Nassaw he was ordered by the Master of the said 
ship to bring the seamen of thesaid ship to shoar to vote at the election. 

Their Lordships order that Captain Slielly Master of the ship Nassaw be summoned to attend 
the Committee at their next meeting when their Lordships will take this matter into further 


Proceedings of the Board of Trade on, Mr. Livingston's Case. 

[Journal, VIII., 111-11.5.] 

At the Coniittee of Trade and Plantations at the Council Chamber at Whitehall 
Saturday the 14"" of Sepf 1695 

Present — Earl of Montague M"' Sec^ Trumbull 

Earl of Monmouth jM"' Chancell"" of y« Excheq' 

L"" Bp of London M' Smith. 

New York T\[r Levingston attending upon his petition and his complaint against Coll : 

Fletcher with severall others called in. 

And Cap' W"" Kid sworn says that John Tutall the sherriff of New York spoke to him to get 
his people from on board his vessel! they being Inhabitants of New York to vote at the election 
about three montlis since, for such persons as tlie Governor desired should be elected, but y* 
Deponent cannot say it was by order from the Governor. 

Tlie Deponent further says the Soldiers came into the field a great many together without 
their soldiers cloaths or their arms with sticks in their hands but tliey did not vote. 

Giles Shelly Master of the Nassaw being sworn saj's that about May last that he being with 
his ship Nassaw at NewYork when the Assembly men for that place were to be elected, he told 
his Mate, Boatswain and Gunner who were inhabitants of the place they might go on and vote 
at the election tliat his mate and boatswain went on shoar, but his Gunner staid on board his 
ship. The Deponent says he had no orders from Coll : Fletcher for so doing but he spoke to 
them of his own accord not knowing but he had right to vote at the Election being Inhabitants 
of New York, the Deponent says he was in the field at the time of the said Election, and he 
did not see any of the seamen or others belonging to the Men of Warr except the Cap' But 
he saw the soldiers come into the field and they went into the Millyard, which is an enclosure 
not far from tlie place of election where they remained till the election was over, they had not 
their arms but sticks in their hands, nor were they in their soldiers cloaths, but they did not 
come into the field among the Inhabitants that voted. 

Ben : Blidenbourgh being sworn says he was present at the election of Assembly men for 
New York in May last, where he saw some soldiers come out of the town with staves in their 
hands, but they did not vote nor did the Deponent then hear any discourse of pressing for the 
Frontiers, tho' he believes some of Leislers party might absent themselves for fear of it. 

The Deponent says it was reported at New York that the Assembly had demanded an 
Accompt of the money given to Coll Sloughter the former Governor, but that Coll: Fletcher 
bad not given it to them, at which they were dissatisfied, and would give no more money, and 
that they were soon after dissolved. 

He says that he never heard that the Soldiers voted at elections except such of y" as had 
right by being Inhabitants of the Town. 

Thomas Jeftrys Master of the ship New York Merchant being sworn says, he was present 

at the election of Assembly men for New York about May last he saw no opposition nor did 

he hear any body was dissatisfied with the election except some who were displeased that M' 

John Graham the Attorney Geneall was chosen, the Deponent was no freeman therefore did not 

Vol. IV. 17 


vote, and the Deponent says that INI"' Clark the Coroner and Cap' of the Militia offered him the 
Deponent ahout two years before to make him free which he refused. 

The Deponent says that none of the men of his ship came on shoar that day, nor did he 
hear that any freedoms had beea given out upon this occasion. 

ftp Levingston further complains to the Committee that M" Rich'' Merryweather and Jacob 
Harwood of London Merchants had charged him with an Accompt of nine hundred and one 
pounds six shilP for procuring and for the discompt of the talleys for .£1(570. granted to him in 
the year 1G93 for ,£2172 New York money advanced to Coll. Codrington in 16SS. for the support 
of the forces employed against the French, besides a former accompt wherewith the said 
Merchants had charged him for advance & interest relating thereunto, and M'' Merryweather 
and M"' Harwood attending are called in and being heard M"' Merryweather owns that he had 
caused the said Accompts, which being presented is now read, to be transcribed out of M"' 
Harwoods Book of Acco'^ and given to M' Levingston, and M"' Harwood says y' is the same 
accompt. Whereupon their Lordships taking notice that the said Acco' appears to the 
Committee by the severall articles to be very unreasonable order the same to be shewn to M'' 
Attorney Gen" for his opinion what may be done by the King for M"" Levingston's relief, to 
the end he may not be defrauded of the benefit of the said talleys, being for money which 
he advanced for the service of the Crown. 

Certificate of Colonel Dongan in favor of Mr. Livingston. 

[New-York, B. T. V., A 21.] 

Upon the request of M"' Rob' Livingston I doe testify that upon my arrival! to the Government 
of New Yorke, I founde him in the Offices of Gierke and Collector of Albany, and upon the 
difficulties that I had of getting and secureing the Five Western Nations of Lidians from the 
French interest, he was very helpfull & assistant in interpreting and writeing all the Propositions 
that past on both sides ; and that he is a person fitt to be employed in that station, there being 
none of those parts, of the King's subjects, that can speake y* languages as he doth. I being 
sensible of the trouble and charge he hath undergone in that service doe think it very difficult 
for him to be employ'd in those publike offices (particularly that of being Secretary or Agent 
to y^ Five Western Nations of Lidians) and at y'^ same time to minde his owne private affaires. 

In wittnesse whereof I have hereunto putt my hand this seaventeenth day of September 
anno D" 1G95. 

Tho: Dongan. 


Petition of Robert Livingston to the Lords of Trade. 

[New-York, B. T. V., A 86.] 

To tlie Right Hon'''^ the Lords of the Committee of Trade and Plantations. 

My Lords 

I have been hitherto cautious of troubling your Lordp' with the diflicultyes of my present 
condition ; but the ill usage I have met with from my correspondents here, force me to lay 
myself more naked then I hop'd to fynde occasion for. It was my zeal for y^ Crowne and the 
English intrest in America made me launch out my whole estate which 1 have been 20 years 
labouring for to gett for y^ service of both ; and the dissapointments I met wilii tiiere, by 
delays of repayment (to say no worse) put me upon undertaking a voyage for England, where 
1 hop'd to receive the moneys due upon my Talleys, at least to sett me up again in my way of 

But instead of that, I am not only cutt off ^900 of that money, but am kept out of the rest 
and other effects my correspondents have in their hands, and threatned with tedious and 
expensive suits, unlesse I will comply with there unreasonable terms. My Lords this hard 
treatment together with the disasters of my voyage and the melaucholick consideration of 
haveing left a wife and numerous family of young helplesse children, under stjeights, have 
almost broken my spirits ; and unlesse Your LordP' support me by effectual orders to New 
Yorke for my money due there, and by setleing some sallary upon me dureing life, which may 
not be in the power of our angry Govern'' to stop or pervert ; I shall be in a worse condition 
than I was 20 years agoe when I first entred upon the service of y'^ Crowne, and must sink 
into poverty and misery. Coll Dongan late Gov" of New Yorke hes been a witnesse of the 
trouble and charge I have undergone in y* service of y' publicke and can inform your Lordi" 
whether I am capable of serving it for the future. The necessityes of my family require my 
speedy return, and force me to beg a dispatch from your LordP' which I humbly hope yo' Lord'" 
will pardon 

Your LordP' most humble 

and most obedient Servant 

(Indorsed) "Sep' 19" Rob' Livingston 

"R' Livingston's Pet"" 


Statement of Mr. Livingston'. s Case and Proofs. 

[New- York, B. T. V., A 35 ] 

Proofs. M'' Levingston's Case. 

In April! 1692 a Warrant was sent to the The Petitioner disburst the sum of ^561 8. 
Governor of New York from tlie Lords Commis- New York money for the subsistance of two 
missioners of the Treasury reciting that whereas Companies of Soldiers in tlie late reign of 
the officers and Soldiers of the Two Companies King James, & two hundred pounds more 
of Foot lately at New York, had by their for the support of the Garrison of Albany at 
petition prayed their accompts might be stated the time of the late happy Revolution which 
whicli being referred to Coll. Slougliter the sum of =£5(31 8*. being included in CoUonel 
Gov'' of that Province, he had certified that Courtland's Acco'* was, after a Reference to & 
having examined the books and vouchers of a full examination and Report thereof by 
M"' Cortland who acted for the said Company Colonel Slougliter the late Governor of New 
there appeared to be due .£1103 9 8 to the York and his Councill recommended by the 
Officers and Soldiers, & to M"" Cortland for Lords Commissioners of His Majesties Trea- 
money disburst for subsistance and other sury to Collonel Fletcher the present Governor 
incidents relating to the s'' Companies to be paid after the necessary charges of 
^1-356 13 11-J- The Governor is thereby Government provided for. 
ordered to direct the Receiver Generall in New 
York, to pay the said sums amounting to 
.£2460 3 7f out of the revenue of New York, 
the necessary charges of the Government being 
first provided for. 

The Petitioner produces a letter under the 
hand of M'' Courtland directed to S"' Edmund 
Andros whom he had ordered to receive the 
said £,"1356 3 11^ desiring him to pay to M"' 
Levingston .£490 19 2f being his part of the 
sum which he advanced on the said accompt. 

The Pef alledges that as to the other 

.£37 i was advanced by him to the Officers 

& Soldiers over and above the said sum of 
.£490 19 2f included in IVP Cortland's accompt. 

By the Journall of the Assembly and 
Councill of New York in Novemb. 1692. it 
appears that a Comittee of the Councill and 
of the Representatives being appointed to 
expedite a state of the Publick Debts; they 
Report y^ Publick Debts to amount to £4850. 
whereof they find that the third article of 
^2463 3 7i ought to be deminished =£30 for so 
much paid to Ensign Russell. 


Proofs. Case. 

M' Levingston alledges this ^200 to be And since by an Act of Assembly of N. 
included in the article of the Publick Debts York made three years agoe, the other two 
upon which the Committee of the Councill in hundred pounds are appointed to be paid out 
Assembly in Novemb' 1692 report that they of the Additional! Duty of Goods, imposed for 
leave the 4"' Article of ^1105 2 3 expended at that purpose; but Coll. Fletcher alledges tlie 
Albany, to be inspected into by the House for necessities of the Governm' require that the 
tlie particulars. wliole revenue, & applyes it to other uses than 

In November 1692 an act was passed in the it was first appropriated by the Act, whereby 
General! Assembly of New York for the pay- Collonel Courthind's whole accompts remaines 
nient of y'' Publick Debts, whereby severall yet unpaid & the Petition" debt unsatisfied, 
rates and dutyes were imposed upon goods, 
for the space of two years, & appropriated 
to the payment of debts due to such as had 
advanced money for the support of the Gov- 
ernment to be paid to them respectively by 
quarterly payments, according to the proportion 
of their said Debts of w'^'' duties no accompt 
has been as yet transmitted from New York. 

And if orders may be sent to Collonel 
Fletcher to cause the said Act to be put in 
execution, and the money levyed thereupon to 
be applyed to the uses to w"^'' the same is 
thereby appropriated the Petitioner conceives 
his debt may be satisfied out of the same. 

In the year 16S7 when the French at And the Pef in the year 1688 advanced 
Canada were making preparations to attack .£388. 8. 7 New York Money to the Officers and 
the Five Nations of Indians belonging to New Soldiers employed in the expedition against 
York, Coll. Dongan then Gov'" there, sent some the French of Canada, when they invaded the 
of the forces of the Countrey to Albany, and Indians (our Allyes) bordering upon the 
went himself to sustain the Indians against the English Colony; as by an account signed by 
French; towards the charges of w"^*" expedition the Auditor of New York appears; for 
a countrey Rate and other taxes were laid by payment of which a tax was laid upon the 
the Gov"!^ and Councill in New York amounting inhabitants of the Province whereof £1200 
to £3313 6 4 whereof the Pet' alledges remaines uncolected and the Pet" debt still 
^1129 3 6 to remain yet unpaid in the severall iinpaid. 
Countyes; which he humbly prays Coll. 
Fletcher may be directed to cause to be levyed 
and y"= Pef to be paid y' said sum of £388 out 
of y' same. 

The Pef produces authentick copies attested 
by the Deputy Auditor of New York of Receipts 
from severall officers of the Militia for divers 


Proofs Case 

sums, amounting to the s'* sum ^388 upon the 
credit of the pay due to said Officers and the 
soldiers under their command. 

The interest of ,£2172 from y' iirst of Aprill The Petitioner in the same year 1688, ad- 

16SS to Aprill 1693 at 8 p' cent being New vanced to Coll: Dongan y° GoV" of New York 

York interest amounts to ,£868 16 for support of the forces employed in that 

Interest of w£527 19 from the first of August expedition, the further sum of ,£2172. New York 

16SS to Aug" 1695 is £295 13 money making £1670 sterl money, which being 

Interest of =£233 9 10 from the first of March included in Coll : Dongan's Ace" the Pef about 

1688 to Aug" 1695 is £121 16 two years since received Tallyes upon the |"" 

Interest for ^£388 8 7 from y' first of July of the Customes( yet unpaid) for his Principall 

168S to July 1695 is ,£217 5 money only, & there remains due to the Pef 

The whole interest for the sums above men- for five years interest incurr'd before his receipt 

tioned amounts to ,£1503 10 of theTalleys after the rate of 8 p' cent ( which 

Towards payment whereof the Pef proposes is the legal interest in New York) six hundred 

that the £11105 2 3 remaining in arrear of the sixty eight pounds. 
Tax raised by the Gov'' and Councill in 1688 
may be paid to him, & the residue out of the 
Revenue of N York by quarterly paym" in 
two year's time. 

The Petitioner desires, orders to be paid out The Petitioner hath subsisted all his Majes- 
of the Revenue in New York, what shall appear ties forces both in New York and Albany, from 
to be due to him for subsisting the said forces the time of the late happy Revolution, till Nov' 
to Nov" last last ; for which there then remained due to the 

Petitioner nine hundred pounds. 

The Petitioner humbly prays the like quan- In 1689 when Jacob Leisler assumed the 
tity of powder may be delivered to him out of government of New York, he took from the 
His Maj" Stores here in England. Pef ten barrells of powder, which remained in 

His Majesties stores at the arrivall of Coll : 
Sloughter His Majesties first Governour of that 
Province, and have since been expended in 
His Majesties service, as by the certificate of 
Colonel! Fletcher, ready to be produced, may 

By the publick Proceedings transmitted from The Petitioner hath for 20 years last past 

time to time from New York, it appears M' executed the office of Sec^ or Agent from the 

Levingston has been very serviceable to the Gov-'ofNew York to the Five Nations of Indiana 

Countrey in relntion to the Indians in those bordering upon Albany and allys of the EngHsh; 

parts ; for which it does not appear by the as by the Memoriall of his negociations yearly 


Proofs Case 

Accoinpts of tlie Revenue of that Province any transmitted to the Plantation Office, may 
fee or saliyy lias been liitlierto allowed to him ; appear — In W'' employments the Pef spent 
and the Pet' producing a certificate from Coll much time and pains, but never received any 
Dongan of the great hindrace that employment salary or other recompence for it. 
is to his private affairs, he humbly prays a 
salary or yearly allowance during his life for 
his further encouragement in this service which 
the Petitioner hopes may amount to .£100 ster' 
per aun" as of His Majesties Bounty. 

The Petitioner further prays he may be con- The Petitioner for Sixteen years past hath 
firmed in the said offices for his life. executed the Office of Collector of the E.xcise 

and Quit Rents of Albany ; for which he has 
had uo more than the small salary of .£50 New 
York money p' ann™. 

The Petitioner hath also executed the Offices 
of Town Clerk, Clerk of the Peace, & Clerk 
of the Court of Common Pleas at Albany ; the 
salary and perquisitts thereof never exceeded 
20£ p"' ann" 

The Petitioner being reduced to great streights 
by reasoii of his large disbursements for the 
Crown, & his publick emplo3'ments not afford- 
ing him a competent subsistance, he was forced 
to come for England to seek releif ; the which 
voyage (the ship loosing her rudder in a violent 
storm ) he was exposed to the utmost hazards 
and extremities at sea above five months, being 
reduced to a pint of water and a little cocoa 
uutt, a day, for seventeen weeks together, till he 
was driven upon the coast of Portu[g]al, from 
whence he travelled through that country and 
Spain, to the Groyn' where he embarked for 

The Petitioner considering the many impor- 
tant and necessarj- occasions His Majesty hath 
for money during this expensive war against 
France, waves all 'expectation of being reim- 
bursed here, and humbly proposes to your 
Excellencies and prays: — 
The interest of .£527 19 3^ from the 1" That an order may be sent to the Governor 

' Q\i t La Corogne of the French, or Corunna of the English maps. — Ed. 



Proofs Case 

August 1G95 at 8 p'' cent, being New york of New York to pay the Petitioner his dis- 
interest, is ^29-5 13'. bursements of ^761 8 with interest out of tlie 
The interest of ^£233 9 10 from the 1" of additional customes arising there, and that the 
March 16S| to Aug" 1G95 is ^121 16 said duties may not be applyed to any other 

uses then what they were given for 

The interest of ^388 8 7 from the 1^' July 
1688 to July 1695 is ^217 5 

That an order may be sent to the same 
Governor to levy the money appointed for 
defraying the charges of the expedition againt y* 
French in 168S. and to pay the Pef his disburs- 
ments of ^'388 S 7 with interest out of the first 
money to be so raised. 

The interest of ^2172 from the 1" of Aprill That an Order may be sent to the same 
1688. to the first of Aprill 1693. that the Tallys Governor to apply the residue of that money 
were struck and deliver'd to M" Levingston towards satisfaction of y^ interest due to the 

Agent is ^868 16 

Pet' for y" 1670^ advanced by him to Coll 
Dongan for subsistance of the forces in 1688. 

That an order may be sent to the same 
Governor to repay the Petitioner the .£900. 
advanced by him for subsistance of His Maj"" 
forces since the Revolution; out of the taxes 
laid for the payment of the Forces. 

That your Excellencys will please to order 
as many barrells of powder to be delivered to 
your Petitioner out of His Ma" stores here, as 
were taken from your Petitioner by Jacob 

That the Petitioner may be confirmed in his 
employments of Collector of the Excise of 
Albany, and Town Clerk, Clerk of the Peace and 
Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas at Albany 
during his life, with the usual salaries and fees, 
and to be executed by himself or his sufficient 

That the Petitioner may have such a salary 
during his life out of the Revenue arising to 
His Maj'^ in New York for his executing the 
office of Secretary or Agent from the Governor 
to the 5 Nations of Indians, as your Excellencys 
shall think fit; for wliich the Petitioner will 
oblige himself to keep true records of all 
transactions with them and to transmitt them 
to England. 


Proofs Case 

All which your Petitioner iloth nevertheless 
most humbly subniitt to your Excellencys 
great wisdome. 

(Indorsed ) 

" ^tate of M' Levingston's case 
" as laid before the Committee 
" the ig'^ of Sepf 1695." 

Mr. Robert Livingston to tJie Lords of Trade. 

[ New-Tork, (B. T.) V. A 13. ] 

To the Right Hon*"'* the Lords of the Comittee of Trade and Plantations. 

May it please Yo' Lordships. 

INIy occasions are very urgent and require my returning to New York within three weeks, 
which forces me humbly to beg of y"' Lordships that my case may receive y"" Lordships speedy 
and absolute determination, though I have not produe'd all my accounts, formally stated by the 
Audit' & certify'd by the Govern"' of New York, as I am informed is usuall upon all addresses 
of this nature. Besides that I was a stranger to the manner of proceedings at this Hon*"'' Board, 
and am at too great a distance to rectify that errour now; I hope it sufficiently appears to y'' 
Lordships that I could not have obtaiu'd from the Govern"' any favo' that was necessary to 
recomend my case to yo' Lordships, but I hope the justice of it will support it self, and the 
orders 1 desire will p'vent my putting any fraud upon the Government, if I could have so base 
a design. 

The first sum I seek relief for is ^561 8'. This is included in Coll: Courtlands account 
which has been audited at New York, been approv'd of at this Hon''''' Board and order'd by the 
Lords of the Treasury to be paid; and if a generall order be sent that Coll : Courtlands account 
shall be paid, it will be as satisfactory to me, as if I had a particular order for my own money 

The second sum of ^200 is included in the amount called the Albany account, which has 
been examined and settled by the Assembly there; and a generall order for payment of that 
account will answer my end. 

The third simi of ^3SS S» has been examin'd and sign'd by the Audit' of New York, whose 
certificate I have ready to produce. 

The fourth sum of ,£6GS sterling money, which I humbly beg the allowance of for five years 
interest of ^1070. advanc'd to Coll Dongan in 16SS, may be as well computed here as at New 
York, being only a point of comon arithmetick, and I hope will be thought very reasonable for 
the following consideration. 

Vol. IV. 18 



I am char<^'d b}' my Agent here with .£495 4 5h for the advance and interest of some of 
those individual goods which make part of the said .£1670, and I am charg'd with .£901 6 for 
the expences of procuring and discounting the Tallys I had for that .£1670. principall ; so that 
iinlesse the £66S. be allow'd me for interest, I shall not receive above .£275. for my whole 
^1670. disburs'd, and if the ^£668. be allowed to me I shall still lose £:627. by advancing that 
sura of £1670. for the service of the Crown. 

The fifth sum of £900. was adjusted before I came from New York ; but to obviate all 
objections concerning that money, I desire only an order for so much as remain'd due to me in 
November last for subsisting His Ma'^' forces, without ascertaining any particular Sum. 

The quantity of powder taken from me by Leisler and spent in His Maj"" service is 
acknowledg'd by the present Govern' certificate; which I have ready to produce. 

The Offices I have formerly executed I am willing to continue the execution of, or to lay 
down, as your Lordships shall conceive most for His Ma'^' service; But if your Lordships sliall 
think it fit to continue me Agent to the Indians, I humbly beg the encouragement of a salary 
of £100 p'' Ann sterl^ money lord's my charges and losse of my time from my private affairs, 
and that I may be constituted in my severall employments by an order from y' Lordships. 

All which is humbly submitted to yo"' Lordships great wisdom and justice by 

My Lords 
To the Right Hon'''^ Yo"' Lordships most humble Serv' 

the Lords of the Comittee Rob' Livingston. 

of Trade & Plantations 

Minute of the Board of Trade on, the Case of Robert Livingston. 

[Journal, VIH., 124.] 

At the Comittee of Trade and Plantations. At the Council Chamber at Whitehall Tuesday 
the r« of October 1695. 

Present — 

Earl of Oxford^ 
E. of Montague 
E. of Romney 
L"^ Bp of London 

M"" Vice Chamberlain 

M-- See Trumbull 

M' Chancell"' of the Exchequer 

M' Smith 

New York 

The Proofs upon the severall articles of M"' Levingston's petition are read and the draught 
of a Report thereupon read and approved after which information having been 
given to the Committee that M"' Levingston is the Person that protested against 
the Proclaiming tlieir Majesties at Albany their Lordships order the Proceedings of that time 
transmitted to the Plantation Office to be lookt out in order to the informing the Committee of 
the truth of the matter, and that M"" Hackshaw, Cap* Harbin Cap' Shelly M"" Jackson and 
others who may give an Acco' of that matter to the Committee be summon'd to attend at the 
next meeting M' Levingston who is heard upon this Information averrs that he proclaimed 
their Majesties himself in person, but that indeed he had protested with others against the 
Proceedings of Jacob Leisler and others at New York. 


Mr. Robert Livingston to the Lords of the Treasury, 

[ Kew-Tork, B. T. Y., A 80. ] 

To the Right Hon'''' the Lords Commissioners of His Maj' Treas'' 

My Lords 

His Maj' in Council having been pleased to referr to your Lop' consideration the report of 
the Lords of the Committee of Trade and Plantations made upon my petition ; I humbly crave 
leave to give your Lop' a short account of my case reiateingto the principal sums mentioned in 
that Report vrhich otherwise will appear obscure to your Lordships. 

None of the sevcrall sums enumerated in the Report accrued due to me by y' sale of goods 
to y Crown, whereby I could get any profit, but were advanc'd by me in specie when y' 
exigencys of the Province of New Yorke required greater supplys than the Revenue of that 
place could afford, and I rais'd 'em out of a true zeal for the Crown, that the country might not 
be expos'd to a French invasion, as it otherwise must have been. The principall sums are 
allow'd by y' Lords of the Committee of Trade and l^lantations to be just, and an order of 
Council is pass'd for payment of 'em at New York, and I humbly hope it will appear as 
reasonable that I siiould have interest for those sums, as that I should receive the principal it 
self, for these following considerations : — 

1. I advanc'd a great part of those moneys upon my credit and have paid interest for 'em. 

2. The rest of the moneys, advanc'd out of my own pocket I could have improv'd in trade, 
or at least have lent out at y' same interest I desire from the Crown. 

3. The want of these monys for so many years since I disbursed 'em, have forc'd me to 
trade upon credit to and from England, and I have been constrain'd to allow to my 
correspondents here for y' advance and interest of tiiat credit, much more then I now ask 

4. The Tallys deliver'd to my Agent in April 1G93. for y" sum of .£2172 N. Yorke mony 
(being y' first sum mentioned in the Report) have been so farr from reimbursing me the 
principal .£2172. that being struck upon the Three fourths of y' Customs after £883000. and 
not obtained but after a long solicitation, my Agent hes charged me, and Arbitrators have 
allowed him for expences & commission money and discount of those tallys above ^800 ; so 
that the interest of that sum, if allowed me, will still leave me a looser severall hundred pounds 
upon that single article. 

5. The straights I lay under from y' want of the principal monys 1 have disburs'd for y' 
Crown forc'd me to take a voyage hither wherein I mett with great hazards extremetyes and 
losses and shall be at the expence of £500 before 1 can get home. 

These reasons I hope will be satisfactory to your Lordps and induce your Lordps. to allow 
me interest, not only for y' time past, but to y' time of payment of y' principal sums ; all 
which (except y' first sum of £2172.) are still remaining unpaid. 

The salary of £100 sterling dureing my life mention'd in y' Report, will I hope appear a 
modest request for my past and future services, when I have told your Lordships that I have 
perform'd the office of Secretary or agent from y' Governm' of N. Yorke to the 5 Nations of 
Indians for 20 years past, neglected my own private affares, spent at least £50 per ann"° 
entertaining of those people at my ovn\ house, and never received any allowance or recompence 
whatsoever for it. The other small offices mentioned in the Report I have executed for 15 or 
16 past without exception, the salarys and perquysites of all which never exceeded £70. p' 


ann" New Yorke money, and will not I hope be thought too great to be confirmed to me for 
life, to be executed by me or my sufficient deputyes. 

My Loi-ds. The necessityes of N. Yorke dureing y" warr are so great that it will be very 
diilicult to raise y'' principall moneys due to me, and impossible to raise y' interest out of j" 
Revenue of the Province ; and therefore I humbly pray that instead of ^150-3 10' New Yorke 
money to be paid there y' Lps. will recommend me to His Maj"^ for y'^ value to be paid here. 
Without such assistance I shall not be able to carry any cargoe home, & shal have as litle 
credit there as I have here where I am a stranger, but shall with my wife and six children be 
expos'd to contempt and want. 

My Lords. Thogh my own interest and the sake of my family touch me very ueerly, I have 
a great regard to His Maj' interest in what I ask ; for if I return to N. Yorke without some 
suiteable encouragement from hence, al people there wil be very backward in advanceing 
money for the publick, whatsoever exigency befalls it, and what y^ consequences of that may 
bee I dred more then I can expresse ; for New Yorke being a fronteer place and extreamly 
impoverish'd by the war, many of the inhabitants have already deserted it. 

My Lords. My affares require my immediate return to America, and y*^ Lords of the 
Admiralty have commanded tlie ships to be ready to depart on New years Day ; and therefore 
I most humbly beg the favor of your Lordps speedj^ resolution and Report concerning, 

INIy Lords 

Your Lordships most obedient Servant • 

[Dec"' 1695.] Rob'. Livingston. 

Report of ilie Lords of the Treasury on the Case of JRohert Livingston. 

[New- York, (B. T.) V., A.30. ] 

ISIay it please Your Majesty. 

In obedience to Your Ma'^ Commands in the annext order of Councill relating to Robert 
Livingston of New York ; We have consider'd the matters thereby referred to us and do most 
humbly report to your Majesty: — 

That as to the Peticoners craving of interest after the rate of ^£8 p' cent for the summe of 
£2172 New York money, from the time he advanced the same there, for the support of the 
forces against the French in the year 168S untill Aprill 1G93 tlie time he had Tallyes assigned 
him here for £1670 sterling money, in satisfaction of the said principall money of '^ev^ York ; 
We humbly conceive it reasonable to be allowed as well in justice to the Pef (who alledges he 
might have made advantage of his money in trade or otherwise) as for the encouragement of 
others to be serviceable to Your Ma'^ on the like occasion; the said interest of £8 p' Cent 
(being as we are informed the usuall rate allowed there) amounts to £SGS IG' 0'' 

And as to his other cravings of like interest for the three summes undermentioned, to wit 

For £527 19 3|. disbursed for the soldiers in New Yorke in the reigne of the late 
King from y" 1" of August to August 1G95, .£295 13 — 

For £233 9 10. expended for the support of the garrisons at Albany & New 
York from T' March 16SS to August 1G95 -. 121 16 


And for ,£3SS 8 7. advanced to tlie soldiers in New York who were employed 
in the expedition against the French in tin? year 1GS7. from 1*' of July 1688 to 
1^' July 1605 '. 217 5 

makina; together <iT):34 14 0. we are humhly of opinion that in regard Your Ma'^ hy an Order 
in Councill dated the 21*' of Novemher last (a Duplicate whereof is hereunto annext) hath 
directed the Governour of New Yorke for tlu; time being to take care forthwith tliat tiie I'ef 
be satisfyed out of the Revenues there, what lie shall make ap])ear to the said Governour and 
Councill to be justly due to him (which Order as we humbly conceive will onely extend onely to 
the payment of the principall summs therein menconed) it may also be equitable to allow him 
like interest of £8 p'Cent as above, to be computed from the time he shall make it appear that 
he advanced the said sums there, imtill the time he shalbe reimbursed the same. 

And whereas by a memorial} delivered to ns by the said M"' Levingston he sets forth, that 
during the warr tlie necessityes of New Yorls. will be so great that it will be very difllcult to 
rayse the principall, and impossible to rayse that and the said interest due to him ; and prays 
that in lieu of the said sums amounting to <Cl503 10 — money of New Yorke, he may receive 
tlie value of the said interest here ; We humbly propose (if Your Ma'^ shall so thinke litt) that 
for the said £868 IG — interest, which is already adjusted, and of which the principall has been 
already satisfyed here, YourMa'^ may be graciously pleased to direct payment of £668 sterling 
(being at £30 p'' Cent discount, which, as we are informed, is the value of the said £868 lO" in 
New York) either by the hands of the Earl of Ranelagh to be placed in his account for Contingents 
of the Army, or in such other manner as Your Ma'^ shall please to appoint. And that as to 
what shall appear to be due to him for the interest of the last menconed three sums, from the 
time of his advancing the same respectively untill the time of tiieir repa3-m', may be 
satisfyed out of the Revenues of the Province of New York, by an Add" order from Your Ma'^ 
to the said Governour at the rate of 8 ?■■ Cent as aforesaid. 

Lastly in consideracon of the long and faithfuU services of the said RP Levingston in all the 
treatyes and Negotiations with the Indians in those parts, he having been ( as is certifyed ) at great 
trouble and charge therein, and having not hitherto had any salary for the same ; We thinke 
he nuiy deserve as a reward lor the time past, and to encourage him in Your Ma" service for 
the time to come, a salary of one hundred pounds sterling p' ami. to be setled upon him out of 
the Revenues of New York, during his life, to commence as Your Majesty shall thinke fitt. 
And we have no objection against his being confirmed in the offices of Collector of the Excise 
& Quitt Rents, Town Clerk, Clerk of the Peace, and Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas at 
Albany, with the usuall salarys during his life, as desired. 

All which is most humbly submitted 

to Your Majesties great wisdome 
Whitehall (signed) Godolphix 

Treary Chamb"'* (signed) Ste: Fox 

2 Jan'y 1695 (signed) J Smith. 



Order to Governor Fletcher to accept the Contributions of Maryland and Virginia. 

[New-Tork Entries, III. 254.] 

Trusty and Welbeloved Wee greet you well, Whereas upon your representation, That 
notwithstanding Our Pleasure signified to our severall Colonies in the Northern Parts of 
America, That they sliould agree upon a Quota of men or other assistance to be given by them 
respectively for the defence of Our Province of New York, some of the said Collonies having 
omitted to send Com" to adjust the said Quotas, nothing had been done therein, the severall 
Governors of Our said Colonies were directed to send the respective Quotas of men or other I 

assistance appointed by us for the defence and security of Our said Province, We declaring " 

Our Pleasure, that two hundred and forty men of Our Militia of our Colony of Virginia and 
one hundred and sixty men of Our Militia of Our Province of Maryland should be the measure 
of the Assistance to be given by our said Colony and Province upon the application of our 
Governor or Comander in Cheif of our Province of New York, and it having been represented 
unto us by our respective Governors of our Colonies of Virginia and Maryland, that having in 
Obedience to Our Commands herein recommended to the care of the Gen" Assemblys of our 
said Colony and Province respectively the providing fitt supplys for the said Quotas, they had 
alleged that the Inhabitants being very poor by reason of the war and the low price of 
Tobacco, and the apprehensions of Forreign Indians, putting the countrey to great charges to 
secure their Frontiers, they are become incapable of affording any assistance to New York, and 
had humbly Prayed to be Excused from all contribution of that nature but that for the present 
the respective Assemblys have appropriated the Sum of five hundred pounds for our Colony of 
Virginia and two hundred pounds for our Province of Maryland to ly ready for the service, and 
have accordingly given power to the respective Governors to apply the same as there shall be 
occasion. We have thereupon signified Our Will and Pleasure to Our trusty and Welbeloved 
S'' Edm'' Andros our Governor in Cheif of our Colony of Virginia and to our trusty and 
Welbeloved Francis Nicholson, our Governor in Cheif of Our Province of Marj'land, to dispose 
of the said severall sums of five hundred pounds and two hundred pounds respectively upon 
your applicat" towards the defence and security of our Province of New York which said 
respective sums of five hundred pounds and two hundred pounds. Wee are pleased to 
declare shall be instead of the Quotas or other assistance to be given by Our said Colony of 
Virginia and Province of Rlaryland towards the defence and security of our said Province of 
New York, Until we shall signify our further Pleasure therein. Given at Our Court at 
Kensington this second day of January 169f In the Seventh Year of Our Reign 

By his Majes" Command. 



Board of Trade to Governor Fletcher. 

[Xew-Tork Entries, III. 251.] 

Councill Chamber Whitehall 
the l?"- of February 1695. 

The Lords of the Commmlttee of Trade and Plantations having considered severall 
Copies of EMminins examinations taken before the Committe relating to your Excellencys Proceedings 
forhisamwer. jj^ ^[^g Govemmcnt of liis Majesties Province of New York, Their Lordships 
have ordered the enclosed Copy to be sent to your Excellency for your Answer in writing 
to the severall Matters contained in the said examinations I am 


Your Excellencies most humble &c. 

« H ♦ I I » 

Evidence taken hefore the Lords of Trade against Governor Fletcher. 

[ New-York Papers, IV. B. A. 15. ] 

Examinations taken before the Right Hono**'* the Lords of the Committee of 
Trade and Plantacons. 

At the Comittee the 2S"' of August 1695. 

Philip French of New York gentleman being sworn says that having heard it discourst at 
New York before the election of Assembly about May last, That Col. Fletcher said he would 
pistoU any man that should chuse Peter De la Noy to serve for that place, The Deponent went 
to dine with Col. Fletcher with intent to know the Truth of such Report and having spoke of 
it there in Col Fletcher's presence he the said Col. Fletcher did not deny but rather owird 
that he had said so. Whereupon Deponent asking him why he put up De la Noy, he answer'd 
that he did not and the Deponent saying that Col. Depeyster had reported it so Col. Fletcher 
said De la Noy and Depeyster are both rascalls. 

That at the time of the said election for New York the Deponent heard there was a great 
deal of trouble in the Town about it and on the day of Election he saw many soldiers and 
seamen with clubbs in the field of which he took notice to one of the ^Members of the Councill 
that was there, and seeing sever" of those call'd Leislers party going out of the field, he the 
Depon' enquired the reason of it from some of them who told him there was a rumer of 
pressing in the feild and therefore they would not stay. 

The Deponent further says, he heard there had been great heats in the Assembly about the 
Acco" of Publick Money. 

The Deponent further says, Major Howell told him the last spring, he feard he the said 
Major Howell should meet with some trouble, because the Govern'' having called a Court 
Martial of the Militia Officers to consider of the Releif of Albany and the detachm' to be sent 
thither which the officers consented should be sent upon the credit of being paid by the next 
Assembly But that he the said Howell was against it, and the said Major Howell was afterwards 
sent to Albany with the detachments. 


The Deponent savs that he heard it said all the Goldsmiths in Town were employed in 
making snuff hoxes and other plate for presents for the Governor And that Capt. Tims [Sims] 
Cap' of a jNIerchant ship was a Lieuten' of the Kings Company at Albany. 

William Kid Master of y* Brigantine Antegoa being sworn, says at the Election of 
Assembl}^ men for the town of New York about three months since he saw soldiers and seamen 
with clubbs &c* in the feild & many went out to the feild least they should be prest and he 
heard tliere were fredoms given to sever" persons over night before the election and the 
deponent and other Masters of ships were spoke to by the Sherriff to bring their seamen on 
shoar to vote. 

The 14 of SeptemV 1695. 
The Deponent further says That M"' John Tutall the Sherriff of New York spoke to him to 
get his people from on board his vessell, they being Inhabitants of New York to vote at the 
Election about three months since for such persons as the Govern'' desired should be elected 
but the Deponent cannot say it was by order from the Govern"' The Deponent further says 
the Soldiers came into the feild a great many together without their soldiers cloaths or their 
arms, with stick in their hands but they did not vote. 

The 25"" of August 1695. 

Samuel Bradley of New York being sworn says the evening before the Election of Assembly 
men in May last for New York he saw at the iNIayor's House sever" freedoms made out to the 
Purser, Guner, Boatswain and others of the King's ship and the next day he saw sever" of 
the Men of War's Men in the feild. 

That he the Deponent askt M' Tutall the Sherriff' whetiier the freedome intended for the 
Deponent was made out which the Sherriif said was ready witli the freedome of sever" others. 

John Alborongh a Dutchman being sworn, says that when the Assembly were to be elected 
for New York about ^lay last he saw some of the soldiers and seamen of the Man of War in 
the feild and he was afraid to stay there for fear of being prest, the soldiers were not in their 
Soldiers coats. 

That the Deponent's Master being an Assembly man he heard his Masf say he had askt the 
Govern' for an accompt but he was not clear about it, and soon after the Govern' broke the 

Joseph Davies being sworn says he saw with an Assembly man a short acco' which came 
from the last Assembly of about fifteen hundred pounds said to be remaining in the Govern" 
hands of which he heard the Assembly did desire a more perticular acco' before they would do 
any thing else upon which the Govern' did dissolve the Assembly. 

The Deponent being Master Mate of- the Nassau, he was order'd by the Master of the said 
ship to bring the seamen of the said ship to shoar to vote at the Election. 

At the Committee of the li"" Septemb' 1695 
Giles Shelly Mast' of the Nassau being sworn says that about May last, that he being with his 
ship Nassau at New York when the Assembly men of that place were elected, he told his Mate, 
Boatswain & Gunner who were Inhabitants of the Place, they might go and vote at the 
Election, that his Mate and Boatswain went on shoar but his Gunner staid on Board his said 
ship. The Deponent says he had no orders from Col Fletcher for so doing, but he spoke to them 


of his own accord not knowing but they had right to vote at the Election being Inhabitants of 
New Yori\. The Deponent says he was in tiie feild at the time of the said Election, and he 
did not see any of the seamen or others belonging to the Man of War except the Captain. 
]}ut he saw the Soldiers come into the feild and they went into the Mill yard which is an 
enclosure not far from the place of Klcction where they remained till the Election was over, 
they had not their arms but sticks in their hands, nor were they in their soldiers cloathes 
Cut they did not come into the feild amongst the Inhabitants that voted. 

Benjamin Blidenburgh being sworn says he was present at the Election of Assembly men for 
New York in May last were he saw some soldiers come out of the town with staves in their 
hands, but they did not vote nor did the Deponent then hear any discourse of pressing for the 
frontiers, tho' he beleives some of Leislers party might absent themselves for fear of it. 

The Deponent says it was reported at New York that the Assembly had demanded an ace' 
of the money given to Col. Sloughter the former Govern'. But that Col. Fletcher had not given 
it to them at which they were dissatisfied and would give no more mono}- and that they were 
soon after dissolv'd. 

He says he never heard that the soldiers voted at elections except such of them as had right 
by being inhabitants of the town. 

Thomas Telfers Masf of the ship New York merch' being sworn says he was present at the 
election of Assembly men for New York about May last, he saw no opposition nor did he hear 
any body was dissatisfied with the election, except some who were displeased that M'^ John 
Graham the Attorney Gen" was chosen, the Deponent was no freeman and therefore did not 
vote. But the Deponent says that M'' Clark the Coroner and Cap' of the Militia ofFer'd him 
the Deponent about two years before to make him free which he refused. 

The Deponent says that none of the men of his ship came on shoar that day nor did he 
hear that any freedomes had been given out upon this occasion. 

The Deponent says he saw the soldiers in the feild but they had not their soldiers cloaths 
nor their arms, nor did they come upon the ground where the election was, but they were 
together in a consderable body. 

Endorsed. Examinacons taken before the Right hono*"'' 

the Lords of the Committee of Trade and Plantacons. 
B: A: 
P: 15. 

Commission EstaMislmig a Board of Ti'ode^ <&c. 

[Journal, IX., 1.] 

His Majesties Commission for promoting the Trade of this Kingdom and for 
inspecting and improving His Plantations in America and elsewhere. 

William the Third by the Grace of God King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, 
Defender of the Faith &a. To our Keeper of oure Great Seale of England or Chancellor of 
England for the time being. Our President of Our Privy Council for the time being. Our 
Vol. IV. 19 


first Commissioner of Our Treasury And our Treasurer of England for tlae time being, Our 
lirst Commissioner of our Admiralty and Our Admirall of England for the time being, And 
our principall Secretarys of State for the time being, And the Chancellor of Our Exchequer for 
the time being. To Our Right Trusty and Right Well beloved Cousin and Councillor John 
Earl of Bridgevvater, and Ford Earl of Tankerville, To our trusty and Well beloved Sir 
Philip Meadows, Kn', William Blaithwayte, John Pollexfen, John Locke, Abraham Hill, and 
John Methvven, Esquires, Greeting: 

Whereas We are extreamly desirous that the Trade of Our Kingdom of England, upon which 
the strength and riches thereof do in a great measure depend, should by all proper means be 
promoted and advanced ; And Whereas We are perswaded that nothing will more effectually 
contribute thereto than the appointing of knowing and fitt persons to inspect and examin into 
the general Trade of our said Kingdom and tlie severall parts thereof, and to enquire into the 
severall matters and things herein after mentioned relating thereunto, with such Powers and 
Directions as are herein after specified and contained. 

Kno wyee therefor that We reposing espetiall Trust and Confidence in your Discretions, 
Abilityes and Integrities, Have nominated, authorized and constituted, and do by these presents 
nominate authorize and appoint the said Keeper of Our Great Seale or Chancellor for the time 
being, The President of Our Privy Council for the time being, The Keeper of our Privy Seale 
for the time being, The first Commissioner of Our Treasury or Treasurer for the time being, 
The First Commissioner for executing the Office of Admirall and Our Admirall for the time 
being, Our Principall Secretarys of State for the time being. And Our Chancellor of the 
Exchequer for the time being, And you John Earl of Bridgevvater, Ford Earl of Tankerville, 
Sir Philip Meadows, William Blathwayte, John Pollexfen, John Locke, Abraham Hill, and 
John Methwen, or any other three or more of you, to be Our Commissioners during our Royal 
Pleasure, for promoting the Trade of our Kingdome, and for Inspecting and Improving our 
Plantations in America and elsewliere. 

And to the end that Our Royall purpose and intention herein may the better take effect Our 
Will and Pleasure is, and We do hereby order, direct and appoint. That you do diligently 
and constantly as the nature of the service may require, meet togeather at some convenient 
Place in Our Palace of Whitehall which we shall assigne for that purpose, or at any other place 
which we shall appoint for the execution of this Our Commission. 

And We do by these presents authorize and impower you Our said Commissioners, or any 
Three or more of you, to enquire, examin into and take an Account of the state and condition 
of the general Trade of England, and also of the several particular Trades in all Forreigne 
parts, and how the same respectively are advanced or decayed, and the causes or occasions 
thereof; and to enquire into and examine what Trades are or may prove hurtfull, or a-re or 
may be made beneficiall to our Kingdom of England, and by what ways and means the 
profitable and advantageous Trades may be more improved and extended and such as are 
hurtfull and prejudicial! rectifyed or discouraged ; and to enquire into the several obstructions 
of Trade and the means of removing the same. And also in what manner and by what proper 
methods the Trade of our said Kingdom may be most effectually protected, and secured, in all 
the parts thereof; And to consider by what means the severall usefuU and profitable 
manufactures already settled in Our said Kingdom may be further improved, and how and in 
what manner new and profitable Manufactures may be introduced. 

And we do further by these presents Authorize and require you Our said Commissioners, or 


any three or more of yon, to consifler of some proper metliods for setting on worke and 
employing tiie Poore of Our said Kingdonie, and makeing tiiem usefuil to the Puhlick, and 
thereby easeing Our Subjects of that Burthen; and by what ways and means such designe 
may be made most cfrectuall ; and in general!, by all such methods and ways as you in your 
Discretions shall thinke best, to inform your selves of all things relating to Trade and the 
promoting and encouraging thereof; As also to consider of the best and most effectual means 
to regaine, encourage and establish the Fishery of this Kingdom. 

And our further Will and Pleasure is, that you Our said Qommissioners, or any Five 
or more of you, do from time to time make representations touching the Premisses to Us, or to 
Our Privy Council, as the nature of the Business shall require, which said Representations are 
to be in writing, and to be signed by Five or more of you. 

And We do hereby further Impower and require you Our said Commissioners to take into 
your care all Records, Grants and Papers remaining in the Plantation Office or thereunto 

And likewise to inform your selves of the present condition of Our respective Plantations, as 
well with regard to the Administration of the Government and Justice in those places, as in 
relation to the Commerce thereof; And also to inquire into the Limits of Soyle and Product of 
Our severall Plantations and how the same may be improved, and of the best means for easing 
and securing Our Colonies there, and how the same maybe rendred most usefuil and beneficiall 
to our said Kingdom of England. 

And We do hereby further impower and require you Our said Commissioners, more 
particularly and in a principal manner to inform yourselves what Navall Stores may be 
furnished from Our Plantations, and in what Quantities, and by what methods Our Royall 
purpose of having our Kingdom supplied with Navall Stores from thence may be made 
practicable and promoted ; And also to inquire into and infonn your selves of the best and most 
proper methods of settling and improving in Our Plantations, such other Staples and other 
Manufactures as Our subjects of England are now obliged to fetch and supply themselves 
withall from other Princes {ind States; And also what Staples and Manufactures may be best 
encouraged there, and what Trades are taken up and exercised there, which are or may prove 
prejudiciall to England, by furnishing themselves or other Our Colonies with what has been 
usually supplied from England ; And to liiule out proper means of diverting them from such 
Trades, and whatsoever else may turne to the hurt of Our Kingdom of England. 

And to exaniin and looke into the usuall Instructions given to the Governors of Our 
Plantations, and to see if any thing may be added, omitted or changed therein to advantage ; 
To take an Account yearly by way of Journall of the Administration of Our Governors there, 
and to draw out what is proper to be observed and represented unto Us ; And as often as 
occasion shall require to consider of proper persons to be Governors or Deputy Governors, or 
to be of Our Councill or of Our Councill at Law, or Secretarys, in Our respective Plantations, 
in order to present their Names to Us in Councill. 

And We do hereby further Authorize and impower you Our said Commissioners, to examin 
into and weigh such Acts of the Assemblies of the Plantations respectively as shall from time 
to time be sent or transmitted hither for Our Approbation ; And to set down and represent as 
aforesaid the Usefulness or Mischeif thereof to Our Crown, and to Our said Kingdom of England, 
or to the Plantations themselves, in case the same should be established for Lawes there ; And 
also to consider what matters may be recommended as fitt to be passed in the Assemblys there, 


To heare complaints of Oppressions and maleadministrations, in Our Plantations, in order to 
represent as aforesaid what you in your Discretions shall thinke proper ; And also to require 
an Account of all Monies given for Publick uses by the Assemblies in Our Plantations, and 
how the same are and have been expended or laid out. 

And We do by these Presents Authorize and inipower you Our said Commissioners or any 
Three of you, to send for Persons and Papers, for your better Information in the Premisses ; 
and as Occasion shall require to exaniin Witnesses upon Oath, which Oath you are hereby 
iinpowred to Administer in order to the matters aforesaid. 

And We do declare Our further Will and Pleasure to be. That you Our said Commissioners 
do from time to time report all your doeings in relation to the Premisses in writing under the 
hands of any Five of you, as aforesaid, to Us, or to Our Privy Council, as the nature of the 
thing shall require. 

Aud We do hereby further Authorize and impower you Our said Commissioners to execute 
and perform all other things necessary or proper for answering our Royall Intentions in the 

And We do further give power to you Our said Commissioners, or any three or more of 
you, as aforesaid, from time to time, and as occasion shall require, to send for and desire the 
advice and assistance of Our Atturney or SoUicitor Generall or other Our Councill at Law: 

And We do hereby further declare Our Royall Will and Pleasure to be, that We do not hereby 
intend that Our Chancellor of England or Keeper of Our great Seale for the time being. The 
President of Our Privy Councill for the time being. The Keeper of Our Privy Seale for the time 
being. The Treasurer or first Commissioner of Our Treasury for the time being. Our Adniirall 
or first Commissioner for executing the Office of Admirall for the time being. Our Principall 
Secretarys of State for the time being, or Our Chancellor of the Exchequer for the time being, 
should be obliged to give constant attendance at the meeting of Our said Commissioners, but 
only so often and when the presence of them or any of them shall be necessary and requisite, 
and as tiieir other Publick service will permitt. 

In Witness whereof We have caused these Our letters to be made Patents, Witness 
Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury, and the rest of the Guardians and Justices of the Realm. 
At Westminster the Fifteenth day of May in the Eighth yeare of Our Reigne 

By Writt of Privy Seale 


Memorandum. This Commission was revoked by a subsequent one bearing date at 
Westminster the sixth of July 1G97 ; the latter being in every respect the same as the former 
Commission with the addition of the following clause. 

Rovocation of for- Lastly We have revok'd and determined, and by these presents do revoke and 

mer Comniia»ioii 

determin, certain Letters Patents under the Great Seale of England, bearing 
date the fifteenth day of May in tlie Eighth year of Our reigne, whereby we constituted and 
appointed all the persons above named except the siiid George Stepney, together with .lohn 
Methwin Esq'' to be Our Commissioners for promoting the improving Our Plantations in 
America and elsewhere, and every Article (•lause and thing therein conteined. 


Governor Fletcher to the Duke of /Shrewsbury. 

[ New- York Entries, A. 4. ] 

Copy of Coll : Fletcher's letter to His Grace The Duke of Shrewsbury. 

May it please Your Grace. 

Thanksgiving. I have received the Joyful news, of that happy deliverance to His Maj'>', and 

his Govern' from the base, and horrid conspiracys, and plotts of His Ennemies, and a day of 

thanivsgiving is appointed, throghout the province, to be observed by all His Maj'*''' subjects, 

who I may say, are unanimously rejoyced. 

Associauon. The Association is signed by me, and the Council, and copys thereof transmitted 

to each County to be signed, by all Officers, Civil and Military, Freeholders and inhabitants 

whatsoever; There is but one Gent: in the City has refused, he is a Roman Catholick, and 

had made application unto me, a copy of His petition is herewith sent. — 

We are very sencible of Your Grace's care of tliis province, and humbly beg tiie conlinuance 
of Your Grace's patronage and protection 

Present. I hear tlie present for the Indians was ordered, but is not yet come over. Our 

Indians will not bear heavy arms, and therefor I did likewise apply, for 400. light Dutch 
fusees, to be given them, as itt is found needfull. 

I have sent Your Grace a copy of the latest intelligence from the frontiers. 
Forces Tlic four Companies were very much weaken'd by death and desertion. 

Kecruits J did prcvaile with the Assembly to provide a fund for £3 a man levy money, 

to raise 120 men Volunteers, to recruite the company, w-ho are listed for one year, there is 
likewise some encouragement, provided for the companies the same time ; I was necessitated 
to take this method, not being able to get one man from the neighbouring Colonies 
Subsistence notwithstanding my frequent application. It is very needful the subsistence of 

four companys be punctually paid, they are all I can depend upon. 

Brook and Nicou. I was advised by tiie Council and Assembly of this Province, to send over 
M"" Brooke and M"' Nicolls, both of the Council here, to represent our present state, and 
circumstances to His Majesty, and have not heard of their arrival, they have instructions 
relating every minute affair of this province, and I hope will have credence, as I have humbly 
requested from Your Grace. Who am 

May it please Your Grace — Your 

Graces most dutiful! most obedient 

and most humble servant 

New Yorke the 30"" May 1696. Ben. Fletcher 


Governor Fletcher to tlie Lords of Trade. 

[New-Tork Entries, A. 10.] 

May it please Your Lordships. 

On the 25"' inst: I received the duplicate of Your LordP^ letter of March the tenth which I 
did communicate to His Maj'''^ Council for this province, who Joyne with me in thanks to 
almighty God for that wonderfull and great deliverance. We are infinitely obliged to Your 
Lord"" care of this His Maj'^'* Province. 

A ship belonging to this place from Madera happily mett at sea that vessell which had Your 
LordP'* packet for Virginia and brought me a Gazett which gave me an account of that horrid 
News of the Plot. Conspiracy against His Majesty's sacred person. I caused it to be reprinted here 
and proclamation was issued by advice of the Council for a day of thanksgiving throghout this 
province before the duplicate from Your Lord? came to hand. This place has suffered much 
in Trade having lost several considerable ships, but the good success of His Maj'^'' fleet 
(which we daily pray for) will I hope repay all. — 

The sudden departure of His Maj'J''' ships of warr from Virginia does straiten my time so 
nauch that I cannot send a copy of all our publick papers — I send a list of the contents of the 
pacquet sent home by the ship Heathcote. 

Brook and Nicoii The Gentlemen of His Maj'^'* Council here M"' Brooke and M"" Nicoll were sent 
over as agents from this Govern' to lay the true state of it before His Maj'J' and Your Lord?', they 
have papers and instructions relating to every minute part of it I do not yet hear of their arrival. 
Proprieties evade I have returned into the Plantation Office Copys of my last application to 

Assistance Connecticut Rhode Island and Pensilvania with their evasive answers. 

I have no other forces to depend upon but the four Companys in His Maj'^"* pay consisting of 
Kecruiting tije 4. 400 men wliicli were much weakened, by death and desertion, I could not think 


of a better way to keepe them complete in their numbers but by inlisting men for 
a certain time none lesse than a year. The people in these parts will not list but with the 
condition of being discharged within a year, two or three according to agreement, if His Maj'^ 
approve of this way it will save the charge and trouble of recruits from England, but this can 
hold no longer than the Assembly will allow the fund which they have granted this last 
sessions of three pounds a man levy money with an advance of four pence a day for one year 
determining in May 1697. I humbly beg His Maj'^'* pleasure in this matter being necessitated 
to this expedient by the disappointment I mett from all the neighbouring Colonies from whom 
I have not been able to obtain a man. — 
Eemittance from S"' Edmuud Audros promiscd the quota appointed from Virginia by her late 

Maj'^'* letter, but could not effect it, he hath transmitted one thousand pounds 
New Yorke money towards the alleviating of our charge, it amounts to £769 sh. 4. d 6. 
sterling. Gov' Nicholson of Maryland sent us ^£133. S' 7* sterling. 
nistiirbances on Several sculking partys of French and Indians disturb the people in their 

the Frontiers. a s. j r r 

husbandry who live upon the Fronteer, but our Indians do revenge that part 
with better success upon the French.' 

' These daring Incursions of the Enemy had already called forth the following action on the part of the New-York 
Government : " Resolved for the future, that Six pounds shall be given to each Christian or Indian aa a Reward who shall kill 
a ffreneh man or inilian Enemy — within three miles of Albany or any other Settled farme in Albany Ulster or Butchesse 
Countyes & ordered Proclamacon issue accordingly." New -York Council Mirmtes, YU., 189. The printed proclamation, dated 
11th May, 1096, is in New-York Colonial Manuscripts, XL. — Ed. 


Four Dutchmen have lost tliemselves by their own carelessness in venturing after their 

Forces need lo Cattle without amis. I have always thought 500 men necessary to the defence 

''*''""'• of Albany and Schenectidy eltc, yet I hope with those three companies to 

justify those places against the French and their Indians, while I can keep His Maj'^' Indians 

linn in tiieir obedience, to which end I am obliged to make large presents to them least they 

lall to the french who use all their artifice to debauch them. 

Presents. I did humbly address Your LordP' for a present from His Maj"' which I hear 

was ordered, tho' not yet come over, 1 have since desired 400 light Dutch fusees for those 

Indians, tho' as strong as horses, will not march under heavy arms. 

Stores. I do again humbly apply myself to Your Lordi" for them and an annual supply 

of powder and other stores during the Warr. 

Subsistence Havjug uo Other forces to depend upon but His Maj'>'' foar companys, I do 

earnestly entreat Your Lordships that their subsistance may be punctually paid. 

Association. An Associatiou was signed by myself and such of the Council of this Province 

as were in Town. I have ordered a copy to be transmitted to each county to be signed by the 

Justices, Sherifs, Freeholders and Farmers. I have ordered an account to be taken of such 

as shall refuse it, I do not know of ten papists in the province. 

r.itiimj FrigaL Tlic Richmond Frigat is a great charge and but little use she was ordered to fitt 

lor sea the beginning of March but is not yet a floate ; The Capt" tells me there is no 

conveniency in this place for careening a vessel of her burdon, a light and nimble sailor might 

do service. 

Pirate A Pirate lately came into providence (as I am informed where they shared their 

money left their ship and separated. Many of them came this way and are gone to the 

neighbouring provinces and Colonies only one remains in this who had given security not to 

depart without lycence and to live ameanable to the Kings Laws. Their Treasure was 

Spanish money, they enrich the Charter Governments — I am 

May it please Your Lordships 

Your Lordships most obedient 

New York the 30"" May most dutiful and most humble servant 

1696. Ben Fletcher. 

Colonel Peter Schuyler to Governor Fhtclier. 

[ New-Tork Papers, A. B. AS, No. 7. ] 

To His Excell. Benj : Fletcher, Capt. Gen" &c 

May it please Yo' Excellency 

Since my last I am obliged to give Yo"' Excell an accompt of another man scalpt over against 
the Patroons Island where were three in all, two of which had no arms and he that had_the arms 
was killed ; there hath bin a negro taken from Hobark but hath made his escape back ; there 
hath been eight Mohaks here of the party' of 100 men; within these 5 dayes they have kild 2 

' " that arc to Goe for Canada (who came to have their arms fixed ) are Going with a party — " follows here in the original 
of Colonel Schutlkk's letter, in Nea - York Colonial Manuscripts, XT, — Ed. 


Indians, those Indians that came over last fall, because they distrusted them ; so that I do not 
doubt our Indians will stand true to us. I could wish Yo'' Excell was in the Capacity of raising 
40 or 50 men to do no other duty but every day to scoure the woods ; if such a thing could 
be, Abraham Schuyler and Simon Young would make the two fittest persons for Lieu" in these 
parts, but being sensible of Yo'' Excell. being straitned, cannot expect it, but must be contented 
with the hardship we endure, our neighbouring Colonyes being soe unkinde to us. I just now 
rec"* Yo"' Excell. letter and am very sensible of the difficultys you finde in raising of money, 
neverthelesse I have strained ni3'selfe and have paid my private Centinells and Serjeants their 
twelve months pay, not doubting but care will be taken for my reimbursement. I shall in all 
things and on all occasions whatsoever be very ready to discharge my duty for His Majestys 
service & countreys good & conclude my selfe 

Yo' Excell. 

most humble Servant at Command 
Albany May 14"' 1696. Pe: Schuyler 

A true Copy 

(signed) David Jamison CI. Concilij. 

Governor Fletcher to Governor Treat. 

[ New-Tork Papers, A. B. A8, No. S. ] 

To Coll: Robert Treate Govern"" of Connecticutt Colony &c. 


Our fronteers being much weakened by death and desertion of many of the forces 
garrisoned there, I have prevaild with the Assembly of this Province to provide a fund for 
the pay of 120 men being the Quota assigned your Colony by the Royall mandate, yet to 
make all things easy I desire you to send sixty men to Albany who shall be furnished there 
with the K' arms and amunicon victualls lodging and pay and remain in the service one year 
from their arrivall at Albany and shall have three pound a man paid into their hands at their 
arrival!, and in case you shall think fitt that they or some of them be releived in a lesser time 
by others, it shall be granted ; provided each of those who are releived before the year 
be out do returne thirty shillings of the advance money to the man that comes in his room. 
I wish they may be gott theither some time in May next. It will be a great advantage to 
your youth of Connecticutt to be taught the use of their arms after the nioderne way of his 
Majestyes army ; when these returne they will be able to instruct others. Yo"" complyance 
and care in effecting this matter shall be fairly represented to his Maj'*" and acknowledged a 
mark of yo*" regard to his service by Yo"" 

Freind & Servant 

April 20. 1696. Ben: Fletcher 

A true Copy 

(signed) David Jamison CI. Concilij. 


Governor and AssenMy of Connecticut to Governor Fletcher. 

[New- York Papore, A. B. A 8. 8.] 

Hartford May 22. 1090. 
Excellent Sir 

Yo" of the 20"" of Aprill 1090 and May y^ 11"' instant are now before us, which we have 
considered, and we do acknowledge that our loyalty to His Mnjestys interest doth oblidge us 
to do our utmost to prevent any damage that may happen thereunto, aiul therefore in answer 
to Vo" we have concluded to send a Cap' and Lieu' with •OS nuni to Albany to joyne w''' yo"' 
forces and the other quotas of our neighbour Colonies do defend his MaJ'"''' good subjects 
there, and shall commiconate our Cap' and Lieu' to lead and conduct our men to Albany and 
to receive Yo' Excell: further commands in order to repelling the enemy; Yo' Excellency 
according to your letter paying them their wages and finding them arms ammunition & 
])rovision suitable for them ; and we desire you would order their arms ammunicon and 
provision to Milford, that so they may be in a readynesse for our souldiers to march with and 
at that same place where our soldiers receive them, we shall order tiiem to be returned. Sir 
our Generall Assembly hath agreed that our men shall be with you for the defence of Albany 
and expulse of the common enemy till the last of October next unlesse we be invaded in the 
mean time and want them at home, and we shall forthwith raise and provide our Officers & 
soldiers to be ready to march wiu'n we receive Yo"" Excell. compliance with these lines of ours 
and yo' direcon therein, which we shall endeavour with all due readynesse to attend, who are 
Yo' humble Servants, the Govern' & Generall Assembly of the Colony of Connecticutt. 

By Order of the Govern' & Generall 

Eleaz : KiMBERLY Secref^ 
A true Copy 
• (signed) David Jamison CI. Concilij. 

[ Eleazer Kimbeely succeeded John Allen, this yenr, as Secretary of the colony of Connecticut, and held the office until 
1709. I'rumbulCs Jlistory of Comwcticut, I, 396, 434, 487. — Ed.] 

The Goveimoi- and Council of JVew - YorTc to the Governor of Connecticut. 

[[New-York Pnpcrs, A. B. A. 8. No. 9.] 


His Excellency having reC* Yo' letter of the 22"' instant did communicate it to the Council 
who finding it to be no answer to his E.xcell. last letter but an evasion, have ordered me to 
acquaint you thereof, and that they are sorry to finde you so forgetfull of yo' duty as to trifle 
in an affair which concerns his Ma""" interest and yo' own preservation in a time when more 
than ordinary testimony and expression of affection to his Ma'''" & government is called for, 
from all his loving subjects. His Excell: letter is plain and free from mistery; he expects the 
like answer from you, and that you will order the men to inarch to Albany at the charge of 
yo' Colony, where his Excell: will performe what he has proposed on his part. His Excell: 
Vol. IV. 20 


will finde them Officers ; liis Excell. commission for the militia of yo'' Colony is not repealed, 
the power of appointing officers is solely lodged in him. 

By order of His Excell, the 
N. York Governour & Council 

May 26"" 1696 David Jamison CI. Concilij 

For His Maj's"" Service 
To Coll. Rob' Treate Gov-' 
of Connecticutt. &■= 

A true Copy 
(signed) David Jamison CI. Concilij. 

Governor and Council of Connecticut to Governor Fletcher. 

[New-Tork Papers, A. B. A 8, No. 9.] 

Hartford May 30"" 1696. 
Excellent Sir. 

Yours and Yo"" honored Councils letter bearing date the 26"* Instant to our Governour hath 

been read in Council whereby we understand yo' dissatisfaccon at our Generall Court's letter of 

the 22"" instant, which we conceive proceeds from want of charitable and right understanding 

thereof. Their intent was to send yo' Excell: a rationall and plain answer to yo"" former 

letter, and such as might manifest their loyalty to his Majestyes interest and command, and 

also as much as might be, a complying with your own propositions in yo' letters, wherein yo' 

Excell: informed you would furnish our men with arms, and to them it seemed rationall that 

their arms should be conveyed to some convenient place that our men might receive them to 

march with them through the woods, for their defence, where you cannot but expect they may 

be alarmed in their travell. Also it seemed most for His Majestyes interest that our soldiers 

siiould have such Officers over them as do proceed from among our selves, for we hope that 

we have men fitted with skill and dexterity to command against such ennemyes as do molest 

His Maj'y" good subjects in these parts, and if our soldiers have officers that they know and 

are acquainted with and bear love to, they will be more free to attend the service and will be 

more forward and couragious in venturing them selves with their Officers in repelling the enemy, 

and is such a reasonable thing that we do not doubt but his Maj'y would well approve of it 

and would graciously grant our soldiers such an incouragement. But if yo' Excell: see not 

cause to concede with us in this matter, you will find our soldiers very unwilling to march to 

Albany when they come to Albany both officers and soldiers were ordered to attend yo' Excell. 

direccon and further order which we do conceive is rationall on our parts. S' we do not desire 

to elude or be misterious in our letters, neither do we say your commission is repealed, yet we 

know it is restrained, and thereofore desire yo' Excell: & Council to be charitable towards us 

who do intend sincerely the service of his Majesty and defence of his good subjects according 

to our power and do depend upon yo' Excell : furnishing our Officers and soldiers with arms 

and ammunition and suitable provision & pay you may remember that in yo' former letter 


you appointed us to order Cap', and 2 Lieu" and two drummers &"= for on company, ye desired 
us to send to Albany, whicli makes us to wonder and be a little startled at wliat you say in 
Yd'' Excell. & Council's letter now, that you will finde our souldiers Officers. Sir you do not 
nu-ntion to us any of our neighbour Colonies quota's that you have summoned and are ready 
to joyne with ours in his Ma'^" service there, which we did expect. Sir we shall not enlarge ; 
we have said what is with us, and if yo' Excell. do not see cause to accept of our proposalls 
we leave it to yo'' further consideracon and rest. 

Your humble Servants 

The Govern'' & Council of His 

Ma''^'' Colony of Connecticutt 
By Order 
A true Copy Eleaz'' Kimberly CI. Concilij 

(signed) David Jamison CI. Coucilij. 

Governor Fletcher to Governor ClwTc. 

[ New-York Papers, A. B. A 8. No. 10. ] 

April 2-1"' 1696. 

I have formerly at sundry times made applicacon to yo' predecessour the Gov' of R"* Island 
for the quota of assistance assigned iu the Roy all mandate, from that Province, being 4S men, 
for the defence of the frouteers of this, and have not p'vailed to gett so much as one man nor 
any oy' assistance, the copys of the severall answers I received were transmitted to the 
Plantation Office to be laid before his Ma'^^ and hearing of yo' comeing to the Government, I 
was apt to expect a more dutifuU complyance to the royall commands ; but to make things as 
easy as may be, I desire you to send 48 men or such number of them as you can gett, at the 
charge of your government to New Yorke, and I will furnish them with the K' arms and 
ammunition victuals lodgings & pay, and they shall remaine in the service upon the fronteers 
one year from their arrivall at New Yorke and shall have £Z. a man levey money p** into their 
hands at their arriveall. If possible let them be here the later end of May or beginning of June 
next; it will be an advantage to yo' youth to learn the use of their arms after the moderne way 
of his Maj'J" army. Your complyance and care in effecting this shall be fairly rep'sented to 
his Ma''* as a marke of yo' true respect to his service by, Sir, 

Your freind & Servant 

Ben: Fletcher 
To Walter Clarke Esq" 
Govern' of Road Island 
& Providence Plantations 

A true Copy 
(signed) David Jamison CI. Coucilij. 

' Walter Clarke was Governor of Rhode Island in 1686, when the Charter was sasjiended by Sir E. Andros. He fiUed 
the same office, again, from 1696 to 1698. Collections of the Rhode Island Historical Society, IV., 269. — En. 


Governor Clarh to Governor Fletcher. 

[ New-York Papers, A. B. A S. No. 10. ] 

Newport, Road Island May 

the Id"- 1696. 

Yo'' lines bearing date from New Yorke April the 22'' 1696 1 received, and haveing represented 
them to his Maj"^" General! Assembly sitting at Newport May y° 6"" 1696. upon perusall 
thereof we take notice that yo'' E.xcellency is pleased, as you say, haveing made application 
according to the Royall mandate, for fourty eight men, and that for the defence of the fronteers 
of New Yorke, and have not prevaled so much as to get one man or any other assistance; 
signifyinge also that the copyes of the several! answers you received were transmitted to the 
Plantation Office to be laid before his Ma's" ; and further signifying tliat you liearing I was 
come to the Government you were apt to expect a more dutiful! compliance to the royall 
command, but never tlie less to make things as easy as may be you are free to take up with 
easier propositions as are more largely incerted in yo'' Excellencies letter. In answer 
whereuuto I reply that forasmucli as those answers of ours are transmitted to the Plantation 
Office for His Maj'^" determination we humbl}' are ready to submitt there unto, beleeving that 
our Kings Majestic requires no impossibilities of any of his subjects, and for a further 
manifestacon heareof we take notice that her late Ma''"" in said Royall mandate doth declare 
that if tlie Governour or Comander in Cheif draw of any forces in the time of invasion for 
suport of the interest, he should not leave the Colony unprovided from whence the forces are 
drawn. We are not unwilling but always ready to serve his Ma'>' w"" our persons & estates, 
but this his Ma''" Colony by reason of the government of the Province of tlie Massachusets 
detaining several townes from us, being a considerable part of the Colony incapacits us, so 
that if we part with any men, it may be the overthrow not only of this Colony but indanger 
the rest of the Colonies & Provinces for those reasons followinge : — In the first place we have 
tliree inletts that no forts can be erected to annoy the enemye lying neer 40 miles fronting 
upon the Otian, and also in moderate seasons they may land almost in any part of the 
governm'; so that the greatest security consists in suitable numbers of forces to watcli their 
mocon at the severall suspected places ; so that wee finde our all, if atact, is to little for the 
defence of our frontere, laying in as much danger of the enemie as any of his Maj*"*' 
governments in America. I hope you need not question but as formerly we have alwayes 
held a good correspondency betwixt this His Majesties government and his government of 
New Yorke ; we shall use our utmost eudeavo"' to promote the same and in obedience to his 
Majesty be ready to serve you. 

Walter Clakk Gov"' 

Since the writeing of the above premised, one of the 12"' instant arrived here one Capt. 
Loverell from Jamaica a privett man of warr of six gunns 102 men bound for the Coast of 
Canida ; he commanded with him one small shipp which he took of the Coast of Cuba, the 
mariners leaving her as was suspected, being neare land found no person in her by reason of 
the foggs laye long of & on this coast, soe that they were very suspitious to be enimies, which 
occasioned some trouble, but sending out a boate of 20 men was discovered and made knowne 
to us and are both come into our harbour of Newport endeavering for a pilate with intent to 


proceed as premised. This I thought needful to give a notion of,' being a general concerne, 
and as we should gladly receive in the like case. Heare being nothing more of novelty to 
communicate I take leave witli dew respects and reraaine in any office of love to my power 

Walter Clahkl Gov'' 
Newport this 15"" of May 1696. 
For His Majesties Service 
To Benjamin Fletcher Esq' 
Cap' Generall & Commander 
in Cheife of His Majesties 
Province of New Yorke &'* 

A true Copy 
signed David Jamison CI. Coucilij. 

Governor Fhtclier to Mr. Blatlnoayte. 

[ New- York Entries, A. 22.] 


I am honoured by your's of March 14. which with that from the Lords of Council came to 
me by express from Virginia on the 2-5"" of May — I immediately ordered the IMilitary 
expressions of joy fo? His Maj'^'' safety, then summon'd tlie Council, a publick day of 
thanksgiving was ordered by proclamation and an Association signed, copies drawn and sent 
into the several Counties and Towns as also to our little Garrisons on the frontiers. His 
Maj'y hath a small liandfull of loyall subjects in this Province we have not ten. I'apists in it 
and those of no ranke or fortune — 

So many pacquets from hence have sucessively miscarried that I scarce know where to begin, 
what I have to say, I must imploy hands to coppy what is material if any thing can be call'd 
so that comes from hence, 
neniiitance from Sir Eduioud Andros iVom Virginia has sent us Bills for one thousand pounds to 

Virginia. ' .,.-... 

our Assistance; Men wiiicli we want more, he could not send; The disposition 
of that money will be return'd in our accounts to the lords of the Committee and those of tlie 
Treasury. As to my own part I have never touclied one farthing of the money either raised 
in the Province or given by our neighbours for its defence and their own, but signed warrants 
by advice of the Councill for such payments as they thinke indispensably necessary to the 
common good. Tliis .£1000 only amounts to 1Q>9£ 4sh: 6 pence sterling. Here we love a 
great sound and noise, but the substance does not answer. 
Remtiumnee from Govemour NicholsoH of Maryland has sent us 1ZZ£ 8sh : 7 pence sterling. 

Maryland .r. .1 . . . .r-i ^- i xL J 

Pensilvania neither one man nor one penny Connecticut the same and so 

No assistance from ^ •' 

Rhode iTiands Rhodc Island. Such letters I never received as from those two last what they 
write lookes like English yet I cannot find out their meaning. This regard has 
been paid to Her late Maj'^'' letters, and they pretend to justifye themselves by making their 
own constructions of those Royal Commands. 

1 " aNitom of," 2^fw • York Colonial Manuscripts, XL. — Ed. 


The Indians tho' monsters want not sence but plainly see we are not united, and it is 
■Weakness bT di- apparent the stronger these Colony s grow in parts, the weaker we are in the 
vision of Colonies -^yi^gig^ every little Government setting up for despotick power, and allowing no 
appeal to the Crown, but valuing themselves upon their own strength and a little Juggling 
will in defeating all commands and injunctions from the King I send all their answers to 
my applications for Assistance. 

The French Indians this spring have destroi'd some careless people nigh our garrisons of 
Indiana trouble- wliich you have au accouut with this. They are wolves, ley so close, no man 
can discover them, a hare silting is much easier found in England ; The parties 
I send daily out, they lett pass (lurking close) but if a naked man, woman or child pass they 
kill them or take them. Our Indians act the same part and with greater success on the French 
plantations — 

]\o assistance comeing from our neighbour Colonies, I could fiude no way to secure this 
Eecrniting the 4. proviuce but by eudeavouring to keep up the fower companys to their number ( after 
ompanies some dcaths and dissertions which had much weaken'd them) I were forced to 

iulist men for one year or more (for no man here will be a souldier for life) By this way I have 
compleated the companys, and have three hundred effective men on the frontiers, one hundred 
in this Fort; This way is not practized in England, but abroad in Holland and France it has 
been usual if His Maj"' please to allow of this method ; the companys here will always be 
compleat, and save the charge and trouble of recruits from England. The Assembly have 
given some incouragement to it, allowing levy money and some advance of pay, for one year 
the bill will be sent by the next opportunity ; The ships from Virginia being ready to sayle 
and a land post staying for these letters it cannot be engrossed timely. 

EichmdFrigat The Richmond Frigat is a great charge and of no use. Her upper worke very 

crazy ; ordered to sea the beginning of March, but yet not afloat. 

Sir, I doubt these papers may miss a passage, dare hold you no longer from your more 
weighty affairs. I humbly kiss your hands and acknowledg all your favours and shall never 
alter from being. 


Your most humble faithful and 

most obedient servant 

New York May 30"" 1696 Ben. Fletcher. 

Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade. 

[New-Tork Entries, A., 6.] 

CoUonel] Fletchers letter to the Lords of the late Committee of Trade and Planta*" 

May it please your Lordships. 

Since my last addresse to your Lordships may 30*'' I received an answer to my application 
Pensiivania. for Assistauce from Pensilvania in a letter from that Governor and the draught 

of a bill whereof copies are herewith transmitted. 

Your Lordships will perceive these people have as little regard for the interest of their 


OOTermS "' proprietor M' Peun as they have for His Maj''" service and are endeavouring to 
erect a new modell of Government of their own invention and by tiieir own 

Tlie town of Philadelpliia in fourteen years time is become near equal to the City of New 
Yorke in trade and riciies, the bardsliips that this province hatii undergone in the defence of 
People (losort New the Frontiers and the detaching of our people hath drove many of them thither 

York ami go to tho 

proprieties. to eujoy tlictr case, and there being no duty upon trade in tliat Colony it is a 

discouragement to the trade of this province whose inhabitants are left wholly to bear the 
burthen of the Warr, whilst they grow by the hardships of our circumstances and derive all 
their protection from our forces. 

The Council and present Assembly of this province are willing to [thentmost of] their powerto 
do, for the preservation of it, their greatest discouragement is, tiie inequality of their circumstances 
with that of their neighbours of Pensilvania the Jersys and Connecticut, who are all free from 
duty and were formerly part of this province ; I found in the two companies tliat came last from 
England two Frenchmen, Charles Moreill and James Wood, Roman Catholicks ; I could not 
Frenchmen trust them at Albany lest they should correspond with their countrymen of 

relumed. Canada, and this being the first opportunity, I now send them by the ship Beaver, 

that they may be exchanged or disposed of as his Maj'>' shall think fitt. 

Two Gentlemen of the Council of this Province M"' Brooke and M' NicoU who were 
Brook & Nicoii. appointed to attend His Maj'^ and your Lordships are taken into France and 
have lost all their papers and instructions; I have now transmitted copies if they are come to 
England they will give Your Lord?' an account of every minute affair of the Province and will 
attend your Lordships pleasure. 

May it please your Lordships. 

I just now received an answer from Connecticutt to my application for assistance ; the copy 
conneeticut reftiso wliereof are also transmitted. Your Lord?' will see, there is nothing to be got 
assistance. from them but words. I did apply to them last winter, for a company at their 

own charge, leaving them to nominate their own Officers which they evaded ; I have since 
desired only sixty men for one year to fill up the companys, I preferred three pounds a man 
levy money. Arms Ammunition victuals and pay, their Assembly men offer fifty eight men 
a Capt° & Lieut' for four months, unless they see cause to call them home sooner, provided 
I send first into their Country the arms and provisions and perform all what I preferred with 
pay for their Officers which would be very chargeable and cannot be performed having no fund 
to pay the Officers or answer that charge. I have no encouragement to believe them having 
met so many evasions and dissappointments, whilst I made this application I used other 
endevours and have recruited the companys; I shall not be wanting with the forces I have to 
secure the Garrisons and preserve the people settle[d] there, to my utmost power, am nevertheless 
The forces need ^^^'^ °^ Opinion that 500 men is the least number requisite for a sufficient security 
to be 600. Jo ji^^^gg frontiers. 

There are several Quakers in the City of New lorke from a pretence of tendernesse of 
Quakers conscieuce and aversion to the carnall weapon will not signe the Association nor 

take an oath. I have given orders to release them. 


Eoman-cathoiicks I have transmitted to your LordP' a list of the Roman Catliolicks, and reputed 
Papists in New Yorke who are all disarmed and obliged to give bond with surety for their good 
behaviour or be confined in prison — I am 

May it please your Lordships 

Your Lordships most obedient most 
New Yorke dutiful and most humble servant 

the 10"' of June 1696. Ben: Fletcher. 

Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade. 

[New-Tork Entries, A. 9.] 

Coll : Fletchers letter to the lords of the late Committee of Trade ettc. 

May it please Y'our Lordships — 

The desertion from the Companys and recruits sent last from England was encouraged by 
Occasion of ^^^^ great wages given to labourers in the neighbouring Colonies where the people 

deseriions protected and concealed them pretending charity least they should be put to death, 

whereupon I issued forth proclamation promising pardon to such as should returne to their 
respective garrisons at a certain time, and did assure the Governour of Connecticutt by my 
letter that such should be pardoned that he sent back or that return'd voluntarily, whereupon 
severall were returned and some came of themselves 

The 10th of January last at Schennectidy being the advance garrison of this province to the 
Desertion at Fi'encli and their Indians, the whole guard deserted in the niglit and marched 

scheiieeiidj. ^^ with their arms. — Lieut' Bickford tiie Officer tliat Commanded there pursued 

them about twenty miles kill'd some, and made all the rest prisoners who being tryed at Court 
Martiall were all condemned to dye and one of them suffered, the rest being very penitent, and 
considering the scarcity of men in this Country, upon the petition of the men and Officers I 
did thinke it for His Maj''''* service to let them partake of his mercy which I hope his Maj'^ will 
approve of — The copy of the Lieutenant's letter to me and all the papers and proceedings are 
herewith transmitted to your Lordships, there has happened no des[ert]tion since — I am 

May it please Your Lordships. 

Your Lordships most obedient, most 

dutyfull and most humble servant 

New Yorke June tlie 10"" 1696. > Ben : Fletcher. 


Lieutenant I^iclford to Governor Fletcher. 

[Xcw-York Pnpere, A. B. A 6. No. 4.] 

May it please Yo"" Excellency. 

I thought it my iluty to acquaint Yo"" Excell. of what liatli happened Iiorc this winter; on 
tlie lO"" of January about 12 of the Clock at niglit deserted tlie \vlu)ie guard, except one, & 
others to the number of sixteen broak througli tlie north west Blockhouse next the waterside. 
They drew the g' guns of both powder and shott : About two in the morning I went to visite 
the guard but found none. I immediatiy sent express to Coll. Richard Ingoldesby and pursued 
them my selfe with ten of the inhabitants and elevin Soldiers, but was forced to leave the 
Serjeant with seven redcoats in the wood, being not able to march as the expcdicon required. 
There lay a little snow and they keeping a path all night 1 followed on their tracts, but assoon 
as it was day they left the path and steerd by the sunn. About 4 a clocke in the afternoone I 
came up with them being within two pikes length before I discovered my selfe. I commanded 
them to lay down their arms; the.y returned no answer, but with presented musketts, but 
having the advantage of being presented at them, made the first fire, with which two or three 
fell; the rest immediatiy fii'ed briskly on us, and we on them for a considerable time, during 
which I still call'd on them to lay down their arms, and that there was another party near 
them; but they still held out firing till seven of them lay on the ground and then tlie rest 
surrendered ; whereof five are dead and the other two not yet recovered of their wounds. I 
had 111)' party sworne by order of Coll Richard Ingoldesby before Capt Sanders Glenn Justice 
of the Peace, to satisfy Yo'' Excell. of what I said to those deserters both before and in the 
accon ; the which have sent Yo'' Excell. inclosed, and [I] had them so advantagiously posted 
that God be thanked none were shott or wounded. 

Here is a strong and regular Fort built by the inhabitants with foot works and a stone 
magazine fitt for this garrison. Here has been no noise from the enemy this winter, which is 
all 1 have to trouble Yo' Excell : with at present, only my humble duty to Yo"" Excell: and my 
Lady. I am, Yo"' Excell. fatihfull obedient servant whilst 

Schennectide. y' March 9f . Abr : Bickford 

To His Excell: Ben. 
Fletcher Capt. Gen" &"= 

A true Copy 
(Signed) David Jamison CI. Concilij 

Affidavit of Lieutenant Biclford^s Men. 

At Schenectide the 14* day of March 169f. appeared before me Johannes Sanders Glenn 
Justice of the Peace Harnipn Van Slyck Ensigne of the trained bands of Schenectide and 
Gerryt Simons, Peter Synions, Albert Veder, Gerryt Gylbert' Jan Daniels, Dirck Groot, Jonas 
de Roy, John Vemp,= Daniel Mutchcraft,^' Thomas Smith, Christian Janse, & Willian Nelson ; 
who declare that when they were in pursuite with Lieu' Abraham Beckford after those sixteen 
recruites that deserted the Garrrison at Schennectide on the tenth of January ltJ9f at night, 

' Gtrrat Gyslinrd. New-York Colonial Manuscripts, XL. — 'Ed. ' John Wenip. lb. ' Matchcraft. Ik. 

Vol. IV. 21 



belonging to Cnpt. James Weems and Capt. William Hydes Company, that the said Lieu* 
Abr: Beckford comeing up very neer the s"* deserters with his party, commanded the said 
deserters immediately to lay down their arms, who returned no answer but forthwith p'sented 
their musketts. Whereupon the said Lieu' Beckford & party fired upon the said deserters, 
they immediately fired upon the s"* Lieu' and party againe, during a considerable time on both 
sides ; the s"* Lieu' Beckford still calling to the said deserters to lay down their arms, but 
gave no answer till seaven of them was dead and wounded, and then the rest surrendered 
themselves prisoners. 

Harm an Van Slyck 
Gerryt Simons 
Dirck Groot 
John De Roy 
Dan' Mutchcraft 

John Daniels 
John Wemp. 
Gerryt Gylbert 

Tho. Smith. 
Christian Janse 
Will™ Nelson 
Albert Veader 
Peter Symonds 

Thes three have taken their Corporall oaths to all 

These ten have likewise taken their oaths corporall 
that they heard the s'' Lieu' Beckford. call to the 
said deserters to lay down their arms, before he fired 
upon them & in the accon, but the said deserters still 
held out, firing at the said Lieu' Beckford & party, till 
seven of them were dead & wounded. 

This is to satisfy' tliat the above mentioned is sworn before me the 14"' of March 169f. 

Johannes Sanderse Justice. 

A true Copy 
(signed) David Jamison CI. Concilij, 

Minutes of the Court Martial on tlie Schenectady Deserters. 

[New-Tork Papers, A. B. A.8. No. B.] 

At a Court Martial holden at His Ma«>" Fort the 21" of April 1696. 

Present — Coll: Rich'' Ingoldesby. President. 
Capt. James Weems. 
Capt. William Hyde. 
Lieu' Matthew Shanks. 

Lieu' John Riggs. 
Lieu' Daniel Hunt. 
Lieu' Roger Wright 
Lieu' Simon Young. 

Lieu' Abraham Beckford complaineth & informeth this Honourable Court that William 
Simson, John Yorke, Thomas Cool, Hezekiah Hawkins, Samuel Wright, Thomas Parker, & 
William Jones, private centinells in the company commanded by Capt James Weems & 
Jacob KneilTe, James Williams, John Stewart, Edward Andros, John Osmond, Thomas 
Clattery, David Jones, Edward Wilcock and James Fine in the Company commanded by 
Capt. William Hyde being upon duty in his Maj'J'" garrison of Schenectidy for the security 
and defence thereof against his Majestyes enemyes the French &" did on the teirth of January 
last about twelve a clock at nigiit desert and run away from the aforesaid garrison in the 
dangerous time of the ennemyes approach, by breaking thorow the North West Blockhouse 

' tcstifie. New -York Colonial Manuscripts — Eo. 


and drawing the great guns of both powder & shott, (part of them having charge of s** 
Blockhouse) that night being the cheife guard of the garrison. The s"* Lieu' Beckford about 
2 a Clock in the morning finding the garrison deserted sent immediately expresse to tlie 
Hon'"''' Coll. Richard Ingoldeshj^ at Albany, the s"* Lieu' Beckford pnrsueiug the s** deserters 
one John Danielse John Wemp and Gerryt Gylbertse' and severall others to the number of 
thirteene the said Lieu' Beckford & party about 4 a Clock in the afternoone overtook the s"* 
deserters who immediatly commanded them to lay down their arms, they returned no answer 
but forthwith p''sented their nuisketts, the s"" Lieu' Beckford & party having the advantage of 
being p''esented fired first at the said deserters, wherewith 2 or 3 fell, the rest immediatly fired 
on the s"* Lieu' & party during a considerable time the said L' Beckford still called to them to 
lay down their arms, but the said deserters made no answer till seven of them were dead & 
wounded, then the rest surrender themselves prisoners. 

The said Lieu' Beckford craveth the judgement of this Court and that the delinquents may 
be proceeded against according to the articles of warr in that case made & provided 

The Answer of the afore mentioned prisoners in their defence to the complaint 
of L' Abraham Beckford. the 21" day of April 1G9G. 

Thomas Clattery being brought before the Court Martiall was asked what he had to say in 
his defence saith that he was ignorant of the penalty of the articles of warr, being a young 
man, but owns that they were severall times read to him, & was deluded by others that 
deserted with him, but intended for Albany towards night to submitt himselfe for pardon ; so 
gives himselfe to the mercy of the Court INIartiall and further saith not. 

John Osmond being brought before the Court Martial was asked what he had to say in his 
defence, acknowledgeth that he deserted ; the occasion was because his own Officer was 
commanded from the fronteer of Schennectad}', & further saith not. 

William Simson being brought before'the Court Martial was asked, what he had to say in 
his defence acknowledgeth that he deserted by reason of a new officer sent to that garrison 
and that he was continually threatned by him & once struck ; further saith not. 

John Broosse makes oath that the s"* William Simson said if his piece had gone oft' he would 
certainly have killed Lieu' Beckford. 

John Yorke being brought before the Court Martial was asked what he had to say in his 
defence did acknowledge that he deserted but knew nothing of the intent till about halfe an 
hour before they went, the cheife occasion was by reason of the Officers unkindnesse, but 
owns that his officer never struck or punished him. 

James Williams being brought before the Court Martial and was asked what he had to say 
in his defence doth acknowledge that he deserted by reason that he had been hardly dealt 
with by his officer and received severall streaks from him with a stick when engaged in a 
quarrell with his fellow soldiers in the garrison, and likewise that the inhabitants were very 
uncivill to him in calling him severall bad names, and that he had bad incouragement from the 
Officer when he first came to them at Schennectady in threatening to punish them severely if 
they robbed or plundered the inhabitants, and further saith not. 

Jacob Kneiffij being brought before the Court Martiall and was asked what he had to say 
in his defence, doth acknowledge that he deserted by reason that his own Officer was 

' Gyebertse. Netn-Yorh Colonial Mantucriptt, XL. — Ed. 


commanded from them & that tlie inliabitants were very unkind to hhu in calling them 
English doggs, & further saith not. 

Hezekiah Hawkins brought before the Court Martial & was asked what he had to say in 
his defence, doth acknowledge that he deserted and was perswaded thereunto by the others 
that deserted with him who now are killed, & was unkindly used by Lieu' Beckford, hut 
never was struck or punished by him. 

Thomas Cool being brought before the Court Martial and was asked what he had to say in 
his defence, doth acknowledge that he deserted by reason that Lieu' Beckford was severe 
towards him, though never punished or struck, & that the inhabitants were unkinde & uncivill 
by calling tlieni English doggs. 

David Jones being brought before the Court Martial and was asked what he had to say in 
his defence, saith tlie reason of his deserting was because his officer was commanded from 
thence & the new Officer sent severe towards them in threatning if they abused the inhabitants 
to punish them, but acknowledges tliat he has committed a fault & is very sorry for his crime. 
John Stewart being brought before the Court Martiall was asked what he had to say in his 
defence, saith that the reason of his deserting was, the occasion of having a strange offScer to 
command them, who was very cruell to him and abused him and caused him to be whipt by 
the Company for notiiing. 

Li answer to which Lieu' Abraham Beckford sayeth that the aforesaid John Stewart was a 
great thiefe which severall of the garrison could justify and that was the reason of his being 
punished and also that he was out of the garrison at unseasonable time of night committing of 
robbery and was discovered by him tliat was upon sentry. 

James Pappy, Serjeant, complainetli & informeth this honourable Court that about Septemb"' 
last one Thomas Mebe belonging to Capt. William Hydes Company deserted from His Ma'*" 
fronteer at Albany towards New England & about the first of January last was taken up by 
some of the country & brought into a place called Hartford and there delivered to his said 
Capt: afterwards deserted from him the 2'"* time & brought up to him again to Wether[s]feild 
Tliomas iNIebe being brought before the Court Martiall was asked what lie had to say in his 
defence saith that he deserted but was deluded by others tiiat deserted witii him, doth therefore 
crave the favour of the Court Martiall. 

Charles Oliver complaineth and informeth this Hon''''-" Court that about September last one 
Rich'' Waters belonging to Capt. Hydes Company deserted from His Ma'J" fronteer at Albany 
and was taken & brought back in 5 or 6 dayes after, about a mile from said garrison. 

Richard Waters being brought to the Court Martiall and was askt what he had to say in his 
defence doth acknowledge that he deserted and was tempted by the Divell &lost himselfe in the 
woods & had a designe for New England, but wished himself back to the garrison again, & is 
verry sorry for the fault he has committed and prays the Court will be favourable to him. 

The Court having considered the whole matter and it is the unanimous opinion of the Court, 
who respectively were asked, that the aforesaid prisoners were really guilty of desertion & 
mutiny and that occording to the article of Warr they ought suffer death but do humbly desire 
of the President that they may be shott like souldiers, being the most customary in the Arm}'. 
It is therefore sentenced that they all shall goe from whence they came and from thence to 
the place of execution where they shall be shott to death . so God have mercy upon their souls 

Rich'^ Ingoldesbv. 
A true Copy 
(signed) David Jamison CI. Concilij. 


Govei'nor Fletcher to Mr. IMathwayte. 

[ Ncw-Vort Kiitriea, A. 40. ] 

Letter from Coll: Fletclier to .M'' I31ath\vayt dated tlie la"- of July 1G96. 

Hearing of an opportunity by Boston, so many Packets and Letters being miscarried I tliougbt 
!!.■ hns sint iwo (lit tliis [tiuu' to] ruu tlie venture of giving you tiie account; I have sent two 

piickcta by Virginia • i ii i t i i i i /- , i • 

large packets to you at \V iiiteiiall and directed one on board each ol the ships ot 
war who were to saile from Virginia the beginning of this month. Inclosed is the Association 
Account of what siujned by all the inhabitants of the City of New Yorke, tiiose from the Counties 

they coutaiueU ° J ■ i , . i /. i • , 

are not yet fmished and returned ; there is also an address ot congratulation from 
the Council of this I'rovince who were very hearty to joyne witli me in appointing a day of 
thanksgiving for the great and happy deliverance of His Maj'^ and his Kingdom of England 
whicii was cheerfully observed throughout the Govern" ; duplicates of instructions and papers 
sent home by iNP Brooke and M'' Nicolls and many other publick papers and letters that were lost. 
By the supply the Assembly gave, I am enabled to recruite the companyes for one year 
iioiaonaMcd to vvhicii if coutiiiued from year to year will save tiie charge and trouble of sending 

recruit the conipys j j ^j 

fur one year " recruits froiii England. The three companies is all I now depend upon on the 
No nssiaiancc from Frontiers. I have not procured one man from the neighbouring Colonies; 500 

the neighbouring . . i <■ 

<-'"i'"'i>-8- in my opinion is the least number re(|uisite to serve the Ironteers. 

The Wessell sent from Plymouth hither with His Majesty's Royall Commands is taken on 
our coast and the packett sunk which is a great trouble to me. By some chance letters from 
lie justiHes himself privato frleuds, I understand INP Livingston bath exhibited an information 

agst Mr Livingston's '^ 

accusation. agaiust me, I cannot know the particulars but hope Their Lordships will be so 

favourable not to credit bim until 1 be heard. 

I have all the Gentlemen in the Councill and all the honest men in the Govern' ready to 
vouch for my behaviour. Since 1 came amongst them I never meddled with a farthing publick 
money nor disposed of any but by advice, and consent of the Council who were always Judges 
of tiie several uses. His Brother in law Coll : Cortland is ready to testify that 1 ow'd him not 
a farthing when he left this place. I have several times advanced to him money for victualing 
the companyes before it was due particularly at parting 

Some publick money that were raised by an additional duty for payment of debts contracted 
before my arrival here, were made use of by advice of the Council to answer some emergencys 
as the charge of an expedition to the Fronteers in the month of Febi> IG'Jj when the French 
had invaded our Indian Country and burn'd their Castles ettc and the Assembly now in their 
last session have taken care to refund this money by continuing the same duty. 

It is to be seen under his own hand that if every Governor had paid him as well as I, it had 
been a Thousand pounds in his way. I hope AP Brooke and W Nicolls are come to England 
they are able to vindicate me against any thing what may be objected from any in this 
province, and are ordered to attend His Mnj'^' and their Lordships to give the true state and 

circumstances of afiiiirs here. I am 


Your most humble and most 

obedient servant 
New Y'orke the IS"" of July 169G. Be.\ Fletcher 


Names of the Roman Catliolics in tlie City of New -Yorh ; June^ 1696. 

[New-Tork Papers, A. B. A 8. No. 2.] 

By His Excellency the Captain Generall and Governour of New York &■= 

You are hereby fortliwith required to returne unto nie in writeing a list of all the Roman 
Catholicks or such as are reputed Papists within the City of New Yorke und'' yo'' hand. 
Given at His Ma"'' Fort at New Yorke the 13"" day of June 1696. 

(signed) Ben: Fletcher. 
To Major William Merritt 

Mayor of the City of New Yorke 

By His Excell : Command 

(signed) David Jamison. CI. Concily 

In obedience to Yo"^ Excell. Com''* I doe retourne a List of the Roman Catholicks in the Citty 
of New Yorke, which are : — 

Maj"" Anthony Brockholes. Peter Cavileir John Fenny. 

M"' Thomas Howarding John Cooly. Phillip Cunningham 

M' William Duglas John Patte 

John Caveleir Christiane Lowrence (signed) P'' Will. Merhett May' 

Order in Coiin/nl referring certain Pampers hack to the Lords of Trade. 

[ New-York Papers, Tl. A. No. 1. ] 

Att the Councill Chamber in Whitehall the SO"" day of August 1696. 

Present — Their Excellencies the Lords Justices in Councilh 

Upon reading this day att the Board the annexed Report from the Councill of Trade relating 

to the present state of y' Plantations together with a Memoriall of Chidley Brooke and William 

NicoU Agents from the Governour Councill and Assembly of His Maj'"'' Province of New 

Yorke, concerning tlie present condition of that Province. It is this day ordered by their 

Excellencies the Lords Justices in Councill that the said Report be transmitted back to the 

Councill of Trade, as also the said Memoriall for their consideration of the whole matter, and 

to report their Opinion what may be fittly done therein. 

W" Bridgeman. 

Report of the Lords of Trade. 

To their Excellencies the Lords Justices 

May it please Your Excellencies 

A Paper relating to the present State of his Majesty's Plantations in the Northern parts of 
America (whereof a Copy is hereunto annexed) having been communicated to us on Friday 


last by His Grace the Duke of Shrewsbury at the Board of His Majestie's Commission for 

Trade and Plantations ; And we judging that the matter contained in that Paper is of great 

importance and may possibly require something more speedily to be done in it than the yet 

unsettled state of our office ( unfurnished with and hitherto even unprepared to receive those 

necessary helps that belong unto it) capacitates us to deliberate upon and represent; Do 

therefore humbly beg leave to lay it before Your Excellencies that such order may be taken in 

so weighty and urgent an occasion as unto Your Excellencies great wisdom shall seem 

necessary and expedient 

J. Bridgewater 

Will. Trumbull 

Cha. Montague 

Ph. Meadows 

From our office at Whitehall John Locke 

July tiie 7"' 1G96. Auu. Hill 

IMr. Pilsworth's Keport on matters relating to New-York. . 

About the middle of March lG9i I was frequently coversant with Sir Thomas Lawrence at 
his Lodging at the Standing Wardrobe in Whitehall and because he was appointed His Majesty's 
Secretary for the Colony of Maryland in the West Indies I acquainted him with an Information 
that I had received from a friend of mine of a designe the French had form'd against the 
English Colonies in America he desir'd (if it was possible) that he might speak with my 
friend that gave me the account if he was in England, I told him he was in England and 
would continue here about a fortnight that during his stay here I would persvvade him to come 
to him, this I effiscted, he came to Sir Thomas, and after he had given him some account of 
the Affiiir, acquainted him that if I would go to Amsterdam, I should be directed to those who 
would confirm the account he gave. Sir Thomas Lawrence then applied himself to Sir John 
Lowther of Lowther and desired him that he would be pleased to acquaint tlu; King with it 
which he did, I was then desired by Sir Thomas Lawrence to wait upon Sir John Lowther, 
who, when I attended him at his house in Saint James' Street acquainted me that he had 
orders to bring me to My Lord Portland, and that if I would go to Amsterdam, my Lord 
would write a letter of recommendation to a person that would assist me in any thing I sliould 
desire towards the discovery of this designe. I then waited upon Sir John Lowther according 
to his order at the house of Commons and he then presented me to the Right Honourable the 
Earl of Portland, who was walking in the Court of Requests, My Lord Portland then 
appointed me to wait upon him in two or three days either at Kensington or at Whitehall, and 
a letter should be ready for me. Upon Tuesday April 7. O. S. I received a letter from My 
Lord Portland's Secretary directed to the Honourable M'' Wilsen Burgomaster of the Stadt of 
Amsterdam. Upon Fryday April 10. O. S. I received by My Lord's order a Pass from My 
Lord Secretary Shrewsbury's Office to go over into Holland and to returne. Upon Wednesday 
April 15 O. S. I went for Harwich and waited for a winde till April 22 I then went on board 
the Eagle pacquet boat, and arrived at Helvoet Sluijs about nine of the clock. Fryday 
morning April 24"» O. S. I sett forward thence directly for Amsterdam where I arrived upon 
Saturday May 5 N. S. in the Evening. Upon Sunday Morning May 6 N. S. I waited upon 
Burgomaster Wilsen and delivered to him the letter I brought from My Lord Portland. He 
promised me all the assistance he could contribute with all readine.sse and cheerfulnesse, he 


desired me to attend him about Six a Clock that evening, in the mean time he would consult 
with the other Burgomasters, which he was ohleiged to do, before he could act anything in the 
afiair. Accorduig to appointment I did attend at Six and then he told me he had 
communicated My Lord's letter to the other Burgomasters and they had authorized him to act 
as he should judge best and most expedient according to what I should desire. I then desired 
that he would be pleased to encourage M'' Levinas van Schaick to deal freely with me in 
relating what he knew of the present state of the West India Colonies belonging to England ; 
he assured me he would, and accordingly upon INfunday May 7 N. S. about 3 a Clock in the 
Afternoon he sent for M'' Van Schaick who ])romised to give me an account, as well as he could 
recollect, by tiie Fryday following being May 11. N. S. In the mean time I waited upon M"" 
^^'ilsen upon Wednesday May 9"^ N. S. and desired to know if he had advice of any French 
men of warr that were sailed from that Coast to the West Indies (for I had account of five) 
he told me he had so likewise but that there was a Keport bruited abroad that they were 
returned, but he siiould know certainly by the next post upon Friday May 11. N. S. And if 
I would wait upon him then I should know the certainty of it, which I did, and is contained 
in the following account togeather with M'' Van Schaick's and M'' Blanckensteiu's and some 
other particulars from other advices as follow. 

M' Lavinas Van Schaick May 11. 1G96. IN. S. 

The five Nations of the Indians which are in allyance with the English Colonies in America, 
and particularly with the Province of New York (known by the names of the Makousen, 
Oneyedas, Onondages, Calouges, and Sinnekes, are a people that live westward from Albany, 
the first about fifteen h-agues, and the last about 120. They are much inclined to warr as 
they have made appear upon several occasions though they are but few in number, it is a 
considerable advantage to the English to secure their friendship, and to be in league with 

The French of Canada are very sensible how much they suffer'd by warr with some of these 
people about thirty years past and have ever since courted their favour or else (that they might 
be freed from such troublesome apprehensions) have secretly contrived to undermine and 
extirpate them ; To this end under the pretence of converting these Indians to the Christian 
Religion they have sent certain Jesuits among them, who by subtil insinuations have 
endeavoured to draw them from their own Country into Canada, persuading them that there 
they could be better and more advantageously instructed in the Christian Religion, and so farr 
they have prevailed that they have drawn a considerable number of them into Canada, who 
have setled themselves there near to Mont Royall. These have done the French very eminent 
Service in the warr they have been and are still engaged in, with other Indians part of the Five 
Nations in so much that without them it had been almost impossible for the French to have 
preserved Canada. By the assistance of these Indians they have destroyed a considerable 
town called Schoney Stadt and several Plantations in the County of Albany, and the English 
and Dutch inhabiting there labour under such terrifying apprehensions of the Injurys they are 
likely to receive from these Indians that many of them have deserted their habitations, and 
those that continue there are very much impoverished. 

The remaining parts of the five nations which are much Superior to those who have inclined 
to the French interest have for ten years past or thereabouts been ingaged in a warr against 


the French and the Indians that went witli them into Canada, tlie Frencli endeavouring utterly 
to extirpate them, because they would not joyne with them and trade to Canada. In order to 
effect this (and indeed to destroy the English by the help of his Indians afterwards the French 
King in a Treaty held between him and the late King James, in tlie second year of his Rcigiio) 
did very subtilly obtaine this Article, viz. 

That if either of the Subjects of England or France should be engaged in a warr with 
the Natives of America, then in such case the other party should not harbour, encourage, 
or give ammunition to their Enneniyes the Indians. 

When this was concluded between the Kings of England and FVance the French immediately 
came and surprised the Sennekes, the strongest of the five nations, with a body of about three 
thousand French and Indians; The French hearing of their approach fled from their 
habitations, and sent their Wives and Children into the wilderness, and, with a small number 
placed in Ambuscade, waited the comeing of the French, and as soon as they advanced up to 
them, charged them and maintained a fight with them for some hours, but, the others being so 
much superior in number, they were overpowered and obleiged to retreat into the woods, and 
leave the Feild to the French, who destroyed their Towns and plundered all they could. Thus 
began the warr. The French doubted not after this expedition to have subdued the Indians 
and compell'd them to accept of such Articles of peace as they should think fit to propose to 
them: But soon after, these Indians, to revenge this insult, went into Canada, with a 
considerable body of their people, and killed many of the French, and tooke many Prisoners. 
For a considerable time past the French have tmdeavoured by all possible artifices to allure 
them to a peace ; The Governor of Canada has assured them that though as a father he has 
chastized them for many insolencys yet he is ready to receive them againe for his children, 
and hath desired them to meet him at Cadaragqua, a French Fort upon one of the Lakes, 
where they keep about one hundred men in garrison. The Indians gave notice of this to 
the Government of New York and Albany, with whom they always held a very good 

The English Subjects used all their endeavours to disswade them from treating with the 
French and to encourage them to engage in the warr promised to assist them and receive them, 
and their Familys into the Province of New Yorke, if the French should prove successfull 
against them ; They likewise engaged to divert their ennemies by endeavouring to take 
Canada from the French, but this hath not been yet undertaken. 

The Indians have sufter'd very much by this war, and, haveing lost man)- of their fighting 
Men, begin to be weary of it, and are inclined to make a peace with the French which if they 
should do and be gained to their interest it would prove very fatall to the English Colonies on 
the North part of America, espetially to Virginia and Maryland into either of which the Indians 
can march in a few days. 

If this small number of Indians which the French have drawn to them from the five Nations, 
have so terrifyed Albany, the consequence must of necessity be dread full should they gain the 
whole body of these Nations ; The inhabitants of all the northern Colonies must abandon their 
dwellings or be destroyed. 

The French daily make very large Offers of Presents to induce those Indians to a peace with 
them by the insinuation of one Pierre Milett a Jesuit who has lived with them above these 
six 3'ears, and is by them very much esteemed ; He is a perfect iMaster of their languages and 
\'gl. IV. 22 


Customs, therefor it is to be feared will much influence them in this affair unless timely 
prevented ; VarioTis nieanes have been used to persvs-ade the Indians to send this Jesuit from 
among them, but to no purpose, for though many of them were made sensible that he ought 
to be removed, Yet his friend would not suffer him to be taken from them. 

ftp Van Schaick has been informed that the French have a perfect designe in hand of 
destroying the English Plantations in America. He has seen letters from France wrote by an 
English Pyrate of note to an English Gentleman of quality, in which he advised, that the 
French had sent some ships to the West Indies loaded with variety of presents for to obleige 
the Indians and that more were preparing. He doubted not but tiuit they would effect their 
designe if nothing suddenly intervened ; There were in the letters some other Particulers as 
the quantity and quality of the presents sent to them, wiiich he could not remember ; He said 
after he had read tliese letters he desii'ed the Gentleman to acquaint his Majesty with it, it 
being a case of so great consequence, To which he answered that he had already imparted it 
to a Person of Quality that was true to the King's interest. 

It is absolutely necessary to continue these five nations in his Majesty's interest in order to 
preserve those Colonies, and the most proper metliod to effect it is by renewing (as they 
express it) the Covenant Chain which is always done at Albany by giving of presents to them, 
which at this juncture would be most gratefull and acceptable to the Indians who are now 
very poor, because the Warr has disturbed and prevented their Beaver hunting by which they 
mostly subsist: 800 or 1000 pounds sterling value laid out in such goods as they most esteem, 
if well applyd, may accomplish this designe. The persons most proper to treat with them, 
being very much beloved by them, in the Provinces of New York and Albany, are M"' Peter 
Schuyler, late Rlayor of Albany and one of the Council, ftp Dirck Wessells Justice of the 
peace at Albany and D" Godefridus Dellius a Dutch Minister, these always treated with them 
by the help of one Aornaut Cornelisse a poor Englishman their Interpreter who has lived a 
long time with the Indians and frequentlj' converses with them. 

The goods which the Indians put the highest value and esteem upon are slight Liege guns, 
powder, lead, strovvd water cloth, red and blew, blanketts, duffels. Woolen stokins, red, blew, 
and white, and smal brass kettles. 

The most secure way to continue the Indians always in the English interest would be the 
takeing of Canada from the French, by which means His Majesty will not only secure his owne 
Colonies which are now continually in great danger, but also become Master of all the North 
part of America, increase a great trade to the English Nation, and bring all the natives under 

Fryday May 11. N. S. 
It was then confirmed to the Honorable Burgomaster Wilsen that Monsieur Renaut was 
sailed with five Ships for the West Indies to enterprize some thing considerable, and that those 
men of Warr were victualled for ten months ; They sailed from the Coast of France about the 
4"" of May. There is likewise ready at Rochelle a convoy of tlu'ee men of warr bound with 
some merchant ships for the American Islands under the command of Monsieur d'Iberville 
who is to joyn Monsieur Renaut so soon as he has convej'd the Ships to tlieir respective 



M'' Blankenstein assured me tliat it was tlio opinion of all considi'ring men that the West 
Jndia Plantations or Colonies adjoyning to Canada, were in great danger of being destroyed, 
Tliat the French had made preparations of arms and other grateful! presents to delude the 
Indians belonging to the five nations to a peace that he himself had very considerable tracts 
of land there and some Plantations, but he could not thinke it safe to be there till a league was 
confirmed with the Natives, That if an honest indifferent person that designed only the honour 
of the King and good of the Plantations was sent from England, by particular order and 
commission, to joyne with those mentioned by INP Lavinas van Hchaick, that they might not 
be influenced and overawed by the Governor he did beleive the designe might be easily 
accomplished, and all the P^ench Intrigue disappointed ; That it would not be very difficult, by 
the help of Eight or ten men of warr to destroy all the French interest in Canada, because 
they could draw a land force sufficient for such an enterprize from Albany and New 

There were two small shipps which were designed to be privately loaden witli light small 
guns and other arms from Liege, and what things might be necessary for the Indians, which 
were seized at Amsterdam by the Admiralty and exposed there to Sale August 5"" 1695 and 
no person appeared to own them. 

Deliver'd to ftp Secretary Blathwayt May 19"" 1696, at the Hague 

Charles Pilsworth. 

Their E.\cellencies The Lords Justices of England. 

The humble Memorial of Chidley Brook and William NicoU. 


That they were sent from the Governor Councill and General Assembly of His Maj'*" 
Province of New York about the month of November last with an humble Address of thanks^ 
to his Sacred Maj"" for the Royal care of and bounty to that Province, with all dutiful! 
acknowledgment of their hearty Aiieccon and Zeale to his Maj"^" person and Governm* 

That they had also Comission and Instructions^ to lay before his Maj'" the State and 
Condition of that Province in relation to the warr with tlie French and further to move and 
appear in any matter or thing that may conduce to the good and wellf'air of tliat Province. 

That being on their Voyage hither in the month of January last near the Islands of Silly 
they were taken by a privateer of S' INIalo and carried into ffrance where they remain'd 
Prisoners till the beginning of the month of April!. 

That when they found the Ship they were iu was not capable of any longer Defence they sunk 
all such Papers and writings as did any way concern the puhlick or the Warr. 

That tliey were instructed humbly to offer to and acquaint his Maj"<= that the ffrench of 
Canada have resetled a fort at a place called Cadaraque from whence they were driven by the 
Indians the beginning of the warr. 

' This Address, dated IS'ovember 2, 1G95, will l)c found iu Xew-York Council Minutes, (legislative) ^^I., 81. — Ed. 
" These Instructions are entered, also at length, in X'ew ■ York Counicl Minntcs, ut sup. — E». 


That since y^ said settlem' the Indians of the ffive Nations have seemed much colder iu 
their ffriendship to the EngHsh and it is to be ffeared tliat they will not only strike up a peace 
w"" the ftrench but make open warr upon the English. 

That it has not been possible for the Gov'' of New York w"' tlie fforces he has there to 
hinder y'' settlem' of the ffrench at Cataraque it being scituate more then 500 miles from the 
Tippermost plantacons, and the way thither through a country of tliick woods, and great 
Lakes, witliout any Road, and where no provisions for any considerable party of Christians 
are to be had. 

That if those 5 nations of Indians should be drawn over to the ffrench all the English 
Plantacons on the mayne Land that are setled at great distance from one another will be 
lyable to be wholy ruined & destroyed by small partyes of ffrench & those Indians. 

That the Province of New York by its scituation, yearly presents, & assistance given to 
those Indians (to the great impoverishing of that country) has hitherto (except any defeccon 
has happned since Nov"' last) with great dificulty kept those Indians from cjuitting the English 

That in that Province consisting of about 3000 Famih^es towards defraying the charge of 
the warr has been raised since the year 1G90 above 30000' & all the Assistance had from the 
neighbouring Collonyes has only been about 3000" though all the English plantacons on the 
Continent are equally (if not more) concern'd in the dangei*. 

That notwithstanding so much money has been raised from that Province and the other 
assistance given by its neighbours, the expence of the warr has been so great, that the 
Governm' at present remaines much in debt, and will not be longer able to subsist unless some 
effectual methods are found to support it. 

That the Indians being weary of the warr, observing the great Recruits of Men, armes and 
stores yearly sent from fl'rance, are very sensible of the danger threatned them by the 
neighbourhood of the ffrench in Cadaraque who are much better fortifyed there then formerly, 
and by this they are inclined to hearken to the Proposalls made from those of Canada who by 
menaces, guifts, and all other meanes endeavour to gett those Indians to engage on their side. 

They humbly therefore Pray Your Excellencies to interceed with his Maj"" to 
order some speedy and effectual care to be taken that the Evills which 
apparently will attend the Indians confederating with the ffrench, and their 
setliug in those parts may bee prevented. 

Chid: Brooke 




Account of the Hevenue of Keio -Yorlc from 1690 to 1696. 

[ Xcw-York EnlrifS, A., 140. ] 

Chidley Brook Coll'' & Receiver of His Majesties Revenue of New York 

The produce of Ihe Kevenne from Ihc 30lh of January 169i 
to 111.' ■.'5lh of Deiernlicr 1091. 

To cuslotns in. out. it up Iludsons Kiver £2521 2 11 J 

To iTiliiiul Kxcise on rutuilcd Liquors 2U3 12 

To llie prnilure of the Weigli house 150 fl I) 

To tines and forfeitures 8ll6 10 

To Quilrenla received 2112 6 


The produce of one year ended the 25th of Deer 1602 

The Customes as nhovo £24(i8 8 11 J 

To I'^xcise of liquors 834 15 S 

To produce of the Weigh house 

To Fines and forfeitures CO 8 

The year ended 25th Deer 98. 
To Cu.stoms £191 6 

8202 17 5i 

835S 7 T* 

To Kxeise . 

To Quit rents 

To Weiiih house 

To fliu's and seizures. 

Cl>5 16 
S> 11 

229 IT 


The year ended 25th Deer 94. 

ToCuslonies fSO.W 11 S 

To Kxeise Sli2 4 10 

To Quit rents 149 OJ 

To Weigh house 213 8 2 

To flues and forfeitures 15 7 

2940 18 

The year ended 25 Deer 95. 

To Customes £2818 IT lOi 

ToKxcize 919 18 2} 

ToQuitrents 86 IT 6 

To produce of the Weigh house 66 Dili 

To fynes and forfeitures 264 IT 4J 

4299 19 11 

8601 11 11 

Totall of receipts 

To cash received from Virginia £1560 

To cash from Maryland T99 16 5| 

To cash from F.asI .liTscy 865 110 

To rates from (_'oniii-i-tirult 826 5 10 

To cash borrwd frin the additional duty 1S82 18 4 

17408 9 11} 

4933 17 8J 

TotaU of Receipts of the Kevenue ettc : 22S37 7 8 

Per Contra 
Payments and disbursements from the 80th of Jnnr 169? to 
the ■--5lh of Deer 1691. 

liy payinenis on pubiiek orders £2291 6 lOJ 

By Kilarics paid 716 6 S 

By allowance on debentures 15 4 6 

By incident charges 21 13 2 

Payments and disbursements in the year ended 
the 251li Deer 1692 

By payments on publick orders £3064 11 7^ 

By salaries paid 406 7 6 

By incidents paid 2118 6i 

By repayments to Merchants , 31 15 l(t; 

8044 11 21 

: paid V 

By arrears ot Kxeise from Livingston 

£217 7s lid left out on this year being 

in the next accompt 
The year ended Deer the 25th 169.3. 

By payments ut supra £4009 6 

By salaries paid 5o7 

By incidenl:^ 20 15 

By repayments to Merchants 46 7 

3521 13 6i 

The year ended the 25th Deer 1694. 

By payments ut supra £5517 13 

By salaries paid 5S4 19 

By incidents 29 15 11 

4538 9 2 


The year ended the 25tli of December 1695. 

By payments of publick orders £4162 13 7} 

By salaries paid 5411 1 7 

By lueidenls 20 8 11 

6132 9 8i 

4722 18 1 J 
Totall disbiu^ements & payments 21008 1 4 


Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade. 

[ New- York Entries, A. 46. ] 

Coll: Fletchers Letter to the Lords of the late Committee dated the 

22. Aug: 


May it please Your Lordships. 

ThoGovemourof Ou the 2"'' instaut I had intelligence, the Governor of Canida with 1000 

Cannaa invades OUT *-' 

Indian Country. Freuch aud 2000 Indians, was in our Indian Country and that the people of 
Albany were in some consternation lest the Indians of the Five nations should joyne with 
them aud fall down upon Schenectady and Albany. He surprised one castle at Oneyde which 
he burnt, and destroyed the Indian come. The Onondages sent away their old men, women 
and Children to the Southward, the Young men tarryed till they perceived the French were 
too numerous for them, then burnt their Fort, and retreated, leaving their corne to be destroyed. 
It is reported by some prisoners that did escape, that an Indian brought tydings to Count 


Frontenac, that I was on my march from Albaiij', with a great army as mimerous as the trees 
of the woods, which hastened his retreat ; the Cayounges and Sinuekes are no hurt. I wrot 
He has writ to the to Connecticut for their quota and to the Governour of the Jerseys for men to 

Jerseys and Con- 

netiiout lor iheir meet mc at Albany, but all my endeavours could not obtain oneman from 

Quota but m vuin. *' '^ 

The Council of N. It is resolved in Council here for His Mai^^^ service that the Oneydes and 

Y. have resolved to 

supply the Oneydes Quondages bc suoplyed with corne tlie ensuing yeare which will add to the 

& Onondages with o rr j o j ^ 

yeare.'"" ""'"'"^ chargcs of this province. 

His Maiiv-9 present I have herewith transmitted to your LordP* a copy of my procecdinQ;s at 

to Ihe Indians is not . _ "^ i J J r o 

yet given tiieni Albany ou this occasiou, I have delayed the giving them the present from His 
Maj'y untill such time I can gett them all together and having received advice from the R' 
Hon"''" the Lords of His Maj'^'^ privy Council of a designe the French have upon some part of 
America, I hastened to Yorke for in a month or six weeks time the winds are esteemed a 
defence to this coast. 
Three Lis have laid Three of the Lieutenauts of the Establish'd company's have often troubled me 

down their Comssns 

and others put in with papcrs dcsiriug to be discharged, at last have resigned their commands; on 

their place — r r o o ' o ? 

the day of their resignation I granted Commissions till His Maj''''^ pleasure be 
further known, to Lieut. Abraham Beckford in the stead of Lieut' Matthew Shank, belonging 
to Coll Ingolsby — to Lieut: Simon Young instead of Lieut' George Sydenham belonging to 
Capt" Weems, and to Lieut' Charles Oliver instead of Lieut' Roger Wright belonging to Capt° 
Hyde, who have all served as Cadees in the Irish warr in the English troops and two of them 
have been Lieut'^ in the Country forces and behaved themselves well in the action against the 
French and Indians in Febr^ 1692. 

May it please Your Lordships. 

The frequent alarms, we have from the French puts us to a great charge and expence of 
Ammunition besides the supplying of the Indians and the Forts of Albany and Schenectady ; 
„ , . I therefore beg leave to give your Lordships the trouble of interceeding with 

He desires an an- o d j i o 

an.nS'lKuhs'il" H'^ ^^^J"' for an annual supply, and that the subsistence of the Company be 
compie" be^punc- punctually paid, being all the force I have to depend upon for the safety of this 

tually paid. t-* 

He sends an answer I have transmitted herewith an answer to the depositions taken against me 

to the depositions 

taken against lum. beiorc your LorciP' as your LordP' were pleased to command — 1 am 

May it please Your Lordships 

Your Lordships most obedient most dutiful 

and most humble servant. 
New York 22"^ August 1696. Ben Fletcher. 


Proceedings of Governor Fletcher at Albany. 

[ Now-Tork Tapers, A. B. B. 30. ] 

An Account of the late Expedition to Albany in tlio .Month of August iiJ'JG. 

July 31" His Excell: Benjamin Fletcher had certain ii>telligence that the French were on 
their march against the Indians of the Five Nations. 

Sunday Aug" the 2'' Intelligence came the French were in the Indian countrey and that 
the inhabitants of Albany were apprehensive of their marching against that garrison. 

At the same time came a letter from the R' Hon'''' the Lords of his ]SIa'>" Frivy Council 
advising of preparacons made by the French against some part of America. 

His Excell. the same day did recommend to the Council to cause the guns and batterys to 
be put in order and about noone took his departure for Albany. 

On the 7"' of Aug" his Excell: arrived at Albany and called a Council of such gentl" & 
officers are were upon the fronteers. 

At a Council held at Albany the T"" day of August 1696. 

Present — His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher ifc*" 

• Coll. Nich. Bayard, of the Council. Dirck Wessells Esq' 

Maj' Peter Schuyler of the Council. Coll Rich'' Ingoldesby 

Matth : Clarksou Sec'' Capt. James Weems 

L' Coll. Charles Lodwick. Capt. William Hyde 

Evert Banker Esq'' Capt. Peter Mathews 

M' Dellius the Minister to the Indians. 

His Excell the Governour said : 

Gentl. Assoon as I had certaine notice from you that the Enemy were marched into the 
Countrey of our Indian freinds, and by the number of their forces did seeme to threaten this 
place and Schenectady, I made all the haste I could to yo"" assistance, losing no more time but 
while I wrott to Connecticutt & the Jerseys for such supplys of men as I conceived necessary 
upon this occasion by this letter which I received at the same time (with those from Albany) 
from the Lords of His Matyes Council in England, you will see that I could not reasonably 
draw forces from New Yorke nor be well spared from that place my selfe ; yet by advice of his 
Ma'>" Council there I am come up with a part of my own Company and desire yo'' advice what 
is most proper to be done for the King's service and yo^own safetyes and for the secureing the 
Indians in their fidelity and renewing the covenant chain : this we are to consider, that time 
may not be lost and the Countrey not burthened by an unnecessarj^ charge. 

His Excell further proposed sending thirty men of his own Company now brought up with 
him with a detachment of twenty out of each of the three companyes here, into the Indian 
countrey to cover the retreate of our Indians and secure them from their fears. 

The Council were of opinion the French being retreated it would be an unnecessary charge. 

And offered their advice that the Sachems of the Oneydes should be sent for (who are here) 
and theire losse condoled ; which was accordingly done. 

The Council are of opinion tlial the members of Council present with the Officers of the 


Companyes and principle inliabitants of this place should meet and consult with the Cheif'e 
Indians now in town about the propperest methods for bringing back those Indians that are 
fledd, and settling them firm again in tiie covenant chain, and make report what they have 
done therein to His Excellency — Which His Excell did approve of and order accordingly. 

May it please Yo"' Excell. 

In obedience to yo'' Excell. order of the 7"" instant we underwritten have mett & considered 
about the properest methods for bringing both those Indian Nations viz' the Onondages and 
Oneydes that are tied, and renewing with them and the rest of the Five Nations the Covenant 
Chain, and having thereupon sounded the opinions of the Sachims of the Maquaes and Oneydos 
Nations and severall of their Cheife men now at Albany, do humbly offer as our opinions that 
since we are informed that it is now twelve dayes ago the French army left the Indian countrey 
and that the Senekes and Caijouges are still undisturbed in their own Country that the 
Onnondage Nation upon the approach of the enemy have set their own Castle on fire and are 
fledd to be out of the enemyes reach, that the Oneydes Nation have in lilie manner left 
their Castle and great part of them already are come in here to Albany for releife in their 
w^ants of provision and ammunicon &■= and that the Maquas Nation or great part of them are 
in like manner come hither. We cannot perceive that it can be any service to send any great 
body of men now to the Upper Nations, who are seated at that distance from hence, neither 
can any men be well spared from Albany, here being only three establisht companyes in 
garrison with a detachment of Yo'' Excell. own company now brought with you, besides a few 
inhabitants; which we judge to be litle enough for the defence of the place: but we humbly 
suppose that its of absolute necessity that small partyes be frequently sent out to clear the 
coast from such small troops that may come to annoy the adjacent farmes in getting in their 
harvest ; and lastly with submission we are of opinion that the best method to reduce the 
Indians that are fled and to unite them with the rest to this government as formerly in 
renewing the Covenant Chain, is, — 

First, that trusty and faithfuU Indians be procured & sent to the Senekes and Caijouges in 
their castles and to the Onondages that are fledd, with instruccons to acquaint them that his 
Excellency the Governour upon the first news of the French invading their countrey came to 
Albany from New Yorke in order for their assistance & releife. 

2. Tiiat upon his Excell: comeing heither he had intelligence the enemy was already 
departed out of our Indian Countrey. 

3. That it is hardly possible to have a meeting with all the brethren of the Five Nations 
now to consult with them what may be propper for the common good and to present them 
with those things which are sent to them from liis Excell. great master the King of Great 

4. That therefore yo'' Excell. do appoint the brethren to meet you thereunto at Albany this 
day two months, but if it should so happen that by reason of the Onnondages being fledd the 
brethren could not then meet in a body at that time that the Onnondages, and Senekes & 
Caijouges will consult and pitch upon the time, and to give Yo'' Excellency timely notice 
thereof to the end the brethren of the Maquas and Oneydes may be acquainted therewith 
accordingly. Dated the 8"" of August in Albany 1G96. 

NicH Bayard 
G. Dellius Evert Bancker 

DiKCK Wessells P'' Schuyler. 


Copy of a Commission left by his Excell: 

Benjamin Fletcher Capt. Genl. & Govern"" in Clieife of his Maf' Province of New Yorke &■= 
To Peter Schuyler Esq' one of his Ma'y" Council for the s'' province, M' Godfrey Deilius 
Minister at Albany & places adjacent, Maj' Dirck Wessells [Mayor of the City of Albany] 
and the May' of the City for the time being. I doe by virtue of the power and authority to 
me given by his Ma'^" Letters Patents under the Create Seale of England, hereby impower 
you or any two of you to treat confer and consult with the Five Indian Nations of the Maquaes 
Oneydes [Caijouges] Onondages and Sinnekes who have hitherto been faithfull to my Master 
his Majesty of Great Brittain, France and Ireland &*= and to hold a correspondence with them 
pursuant to such instruccons as j^ou shall from time to time receive from me, so as by yo' 
endeavours they may be confirmed in their fidelity and allegiance. And from time to time you 
are hereby required to give a constant and minute account of all yo' proceedings to me & his 
Ma'>" Council for the province of New Yorke, and I doe hereby supersede vacate and make 
null any former warr' or commission granted in this behalfe. Given under my hand and Seal 
att Albany the tenth day of August in the S"" year of his Ma'^"' i-eigne Anno Dni: 1696 

Ben Fletcher. 

[The words in the above Commission, within brnokets, are from the Record in yew- York Council Minutes, XZl., 210. — Ed.] 

The Instructions 

Instruccons for Major Peter Schuyler one of his Ma's"" Council for the Province of New 
Yorke, M' Godfrey Deilius Maj' Dirck Wessells and the May' of Albany for the time being, 
commissionated by me in my absence to conferr with the Five Indian Nations for iiis Ma"" 
service pursuant to the s"* Comi.ssion. 

To st'Hil out trusty and faithfull Indians witii one or two Christians that midersland the 
Indian language to the Castles of the Sinnekes Caijouges and Onnondages who are fled, to 
acquaint them that upon tiie first news I had of the French invasion I came up to their releife 
& assistance. 

That at my arrivall at Albany I had intelligence the French were retreated out of their 

That I am desirous to have a meeting of the Five Nations at Albany to consult with them 
what may be propper for their comon good and safety, and present them with such things as 
are sent from my Great master the King. 

And that I desire to meet them the eleventh day of October next, but if it should so happen 
there be [that by] reason of their seperacon and flight the brethren cannot meet in a body at 
that time, the Onnondages, Sennekes, and Caijouges being the uppermost Nations do consult 
& appoint a time and give me notice thereof, to the end the brethren of the Maquaes and 
Oneydes be acquainted therewith that the meeting may not faile 

That if any of the Sachims came down in my absence you hear and answer their 
propositions as you shall finde most to conduce to his Ma'^" service & the safety of the 

That by all opportnnityes you give a minute account of these affairs to me and his Ma'>" 
Council for this Province and from time to time follow such further directions and instruccons 
as you shall receive from us. 

Vol. IV. 23 



And it is hereby further directed by and with the advice of tliose of his Ma'^" Council liere 
present that the sume of One Hundred pounds be lodged in the liands of M'' Dellius towards 
tlie defraying tiie necessary charges of these persons thus employed for his Ma'^" service for 
which he is hereby obliged to give a particular account to me and his Ma'*" Council at New 
Yorke or to the Governour & Council for tlie time being. Given under my hand and scale at 
Albany the tenth day of August in the eighth year of his Ma'^" reigue Anno Domini 1696. 

Ben. Fletcher 

(signed) David Jamison CI. Concilij. 

Governor Fletcher'' s Answer to the Charges made against him hefore the Lords of Trade. 

[New-York Papers, A.B. A. 89. No. 5.] . 

The answer of His Excell Benjamin Fletcher Capt. Gen" and Governour of New 
Yorke &J^ to the examinations & depositions taken against him by sundry 
persons before the R' Hon*"'" the Lords of the Committee of Trade and 
Plantations on the SS"" of Aug' and 14"" of September 1695. 

May it please yo'' Lops. 

M'' Philip French deposeth that he heard it discoursed at New Yorke that I should say I 
would pistoll any man that should choose Peter Delanoy for an Assembly. 

I humbly answer: — I am ready to produce to Yo' Lops, the hands of 500 persons dwellers 
of New York who will averr that they never heard any such report in tiiat place till it came 
from London. As to the assertion of Philip Frencii that he dined with me to the intent to 
know the truth that he spoke of this in my presence: — 

A. I do not remember any such discourse, nor ever kept minutes of what passed at my 

He swears that I did not deny but rather owned that I spoke these words: — 

A. I must leave the weight of such deposition to yo"' Lops prudent consideracon. 

That I should say Dela Noy and Coll. De Peyster were both rascalls. 

A. This is his own language and not mine. 

He goes on in his depositions and says that all the time of eleccon there was a great deal of 
trouble in the town about it. 

A. I humbly protest to Yo' Lops, that T never heard of any trouble or noise about it. 

That he saw many seamen and soldiers with clubs in the field. 

A. I stirred not abroad that day ; it has been indifferent to me who are chosen Assembly 
men ; I have only wished they might be honest men and such as might endeavour the safety of 
the fronteers and the prosperity of the Province which has been my chiefest care ; yet it 
appears to yo' Lops by those deposicons that none of my Company though in the feild gave a 
vote, and I can assure yo' Lops, I did not sulfer one man to goe off their guard tho' several! of 
them were freemen of the City. It is hard for any Officer to be accouutable for the walkes of 
such part of a Company as are off their duty. 


As to those the deponent calls Leislers party, 1 am a stranger to them. ]5ut when he says 
there was a rumour of pressing in the feild: — 

A. I must averr to yo'' Lops, there has been no presse for land service since my comeing to 
this Province. 

M"' French further alleages he heard there had been great heats in the Assembly about the 
accounts of puhlick money. 

A. This matter will be best demonstrated to yo"^ Lops, by tlie minutes of Council and 
Assembly which are lodged in the Plantation Office, being constantly transmitted there. By 
them it will appear that I never received one penny of the puhlick money or issued a warr' for 
the payment of any siame but with the advice and consent of his Maj''" Council for this 
Province. 1 humbly desire yo"' Lops that 'SI' Chidley Brooke his Matyes Receiver (Jenerall 
and M' William Nicoll who are now in England may be examiiu^d ufjon this and the rest of 
these depositions ; they are both of the Coimcil here and now attending yo'' Lops to lay the 
state of this small part of his Matyes dominions before his Majesty and yo'' Lops: they are 
men of creditt and witnesses of all my accons. 

Maj'' Howell was commanded with a detachment of Militia to Albany, it was his turn, he 
had pay as Maj'' and Captaine. 

M'' French further deposes that he heard it said all the goldsmiths in town were imployed 
in makeing sniiff boxes & other plate for presents to me. 

A. It had been more to the purpose if he could have proved the plate had been presented to 
me, I acknowledje to yo'' Lops, two snuff boxes were given me by two gentl. that 1 had an 
opportunity to obleige. 

To the last part of M'' Frenches depositions which is all hearsay ; I acknowledge to yo' Lops at 
my comeing to this Province I found one >[''.Surims [Simms] Leiu' to Coll: Ligoldesby's Company 
by the Kings comission. I sent him into England with my instruccons and letters to procure 
recruites for his Matyes two Companyes of Grenadeers posted at York and Albany ; as to his 
being Masf of a ship I can say nothing, but this I can assure Yo' Lops, for my own part I have 
neither ship nor barke part nor parcell in any vessell whatsoever nor any hand in trade. 

William Kidd Masf of the Brigantin Antearo. 

What he deposes is answered in my reply to Philip French, only in relation to the makeing 
of freeman, I am humbly of opinion yo'" Lops, will not make me accomptable for what freedoms 
the May may give or what methods the Sheriffe may take upon y" occasion of eleccons ; 
conceiving my selfe unconcerned in both those matters and having never yet heard a complaint 
as to either. 

As to his second deposition it is as the first, and will never ajipear to yo"" Lops, that I ever 
named one man for the Assembly, being alwayes inditlerent, having nothing to ask or desire 
of them but their care to secure the fronteers 

Samuell Bradley being of the same substance with that of William Kidds, requires no 
further answer 

John Albrough deposes no new matter, only that his master being of the Assembly he heard 
his master say he had asked the Governour for an account, but was not cleer about it, and soon 
after the Governour broke the Assemblj-. 

A. I humbly desire yo' Lops, will be pleased to allow M' Chidley Brooke and M' William 
Nicolls to be examined upon these two points, who will make it clear to yo'' Lops, that 1 have 
ever urged the Assembly to look into the puhlick accounts, and that 1 never dissolved the 
Assembly but with the advice and concurrance of the whole Council. 


Joseph Davies sweares that he saw with an Assembly man a shoi't account of about .£1500 
said to be remaining in the Governours hands. I must again desire yo'' Lops, will allow M"' 
Brooke and M"' i\icolls to declare their knowledge on this point and tliat the minutes of the 
Council and Assembly may be produced. It will then appear to yo"' Lops as I have said before 
that I never received one penny of publick money ; my part has only been to signe warrants 
for such payments as has been concluded of in Councill here. 

Giles Shelley is answered in Avhat has been already said. 

Benjamin Blydenburgh in the latter part of his deposition says it was reported the Assembly 
had demanded an Account of the money given to Governour Sloughter the former Governour 
and that I had not given it. 

A. This is a report on hearsay as all the rest are and is new to me. I humbly protest to 
yo' Lops. I never received any money belonging to Governour Sloughter, therefore could not 
account for it. I desire M"' Brooke & M"' Nicoll may be called to speake to this matter. 

Thomas Jeffers ofters nothing but what has been already said ; which I liumbly conceive is 
answered, so that I have no more to add, but humbly submitt to yo' Lops, great wisdome and 


I am, Yo' Lops, most obedient & most humble servant. 

(signed) Ben. Fletcher. 
N. Yorke Aug' 22. 1G96. 

Governor Fletclier to the Lords of the Privy Council. 

[New-York Entries, A. 52.] 

Letter from Coll : Fletcher to the Lords of the privy Council dated the 
22'"' Aug : 1696. 

May it please Your Lordships. 

I had the honour of Your Lord?' of the IS"" of Feb'^ and the 1-5"' of April last and Your 
Lordships commands shall be punctually obeyed. The act of Parliament was published ; I 
caused it to be printed for the better information of ail His Maj'>'' subjects in this province. 

I had likewise the honour of your Lord?' of the 20"" of April which I did communicate to 
the Councdl who are infinitely obliged by Your Lord?' care for this Colony — 

At the same time I received that of the 20"" came certain intelligence from Albany that 
Count Frontenac with 1000 French and 2000 Indians was in our Indian Country, and that the 
people of Albany were in some consternation. I left necessary orders with the Councill and 
repaired to Albany, wiien I came thither, I had intelligence the French had burnt the Castle of 
the Oneydes, taken some women and Children, and destroyed their come, wJien they 
approach'd to Onnondage, the Onondages set fire to tlieir own Fort, and fled to the 
Southward, leaving their corne to be cutt down by the Enemy. I have transmitted copies of 
my proceedings at Albany to [the] Plantation office which I hope Your Lordships will approve. 

When I returned to New Yorke I found the people very forward in the reparation of their 
Breast workes and platforms according to order having furnished the Gunns with new wheels 
and carriages where wanting. 


I shall always he ready to obey your Lordships' Commands and adjust my duty to His Maj'>" 
in Ihe defence ol' this Province to my utmost ability and beg leave to be accounted 

May it please Your Lordships 
Your Lordships 

most dutiful most obedient and 
New Yorke most humble servant 

the 22"^ Aug : 1G9G. Ben : Fletcher 

Mepresentation of Messrs. Brooke and Nicoll to the Board of Trade. 

[Journal, IX. 70-3.] 

Whitehall August the 26"- 1G96. 
At a meeting of His Majesty's Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 

Present — Lord Privy Seal S'' Piiiiip Meadows 

Duke of Shrewsbury M"" Pollexfen 

Earl of Tankerville M' Locke 

M'' Chancellor of the Exchequer. M' Hill 

Brook ANicou M"' Chidley Brook and M"' William IN'icoll, attending acquainted the Board that 

the French of Canada had the last Summer possessed themselves of a Fort at a place called 
Cadaraqui, which tho at 4 or 500 miles distance from New Albany is an annoyance to them, 
and the Indians of the Five Nations their Neighbours. That those of the Five Nations which 
they had by the insinuating Arts of their Priests gained to their side came in small parties, 
sculking through the woods, and had lately killed five or six men near Albany ; That the way 
of those Indians is thus, to hide themselves in Woods and Bushes, and as soon as they have 
done any mischief fly into the Woods, — where it is impossible to follow or fiude them. That 
the Remainder of these Five Nations hate mortally those of themselves that are joyned with 
the French. That they lie not above 30 miles from Albany. That the most numerous of them 
called Senecas are not above 1000, and the whole scarce 2-300 men. That they are as so many 
Cantons leagu'd together, but under one head in time of Warr. That it is highly our Inierest 
to keep their Friendship : Which must be done by makeing them presents ever and anon : 
Powder, Lead, Guns ; Hatchets, Kettles, Clothing &c. And besides this to keep up a 
Reputation with them, it is necessary to have an appearance of strength upon the place, and to 
have wooden Forts advanced as far as may be on our Frontiers with some littlt Garrisons in 
them. That the French do appear to have them stronger than we, having 1500 Soldiers 
actually in the King's pay at Canada. That the French Inhabitants there apply themselves 
cheifly to trade, not planting. That the French King to promote intercourse with them gives 
five pistols to any Frenchman that marries an Indian Woman. That these Five Nations speak 
languages something different one from the other. But no Englishman understands y". That 
our Cheif way of conversing with them is first by the Interpretation of a Dutch woman, and 
from her by a Scotchman. That the Inhabitants in the Town of New York are one half 


Dutch, a quarter part Frencli Protestants, and a Quarter part English. The}^ all live under 
our laws and are very glad to do so : Tliat the product of the Country of New York is cheifly 
Corn. Their land produces ordinarily 15 bushells on an Acre : Wheat is very good wliich 
they carry to the other Plantations. And hither they bring Pelletry: That they have, great 
deals of Wood in the Country, some Pitch pine, but cheifly Oak. The Wliite Oak is tiie best: 
They build many ships with it ; but it lasts not so long as our English Oake. That they have 
some Iron-mines; but the Iron is brittle ; and little of it made. That they are accustomed to 
make presents to their several Governors, but only once. And that the last to Colonell Fletcher 
amounts to the value of about 600^. In the end the Board desiring tliese Gentlemen to draw 
up in writing a scheme of what presents were fit for the Indians, what Forts necessary to be 
built, and in what places. What Forces necessary to be maintain'd; And whatever else they 
thought usefull to the Province, they promised to do it. 

Information furnished hy the Reverend Mr. Miller respecting New-Yorh. 

[Journal, IX, 89-91.] 

Whitehall September the 4"' 1G96 
At a Meeting of His Majesty's Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 

Present — Lord Keeper M"" PoUexfen 

Duke of Shrewsbury M"" Locke 

S-- Philip Meadows M'" Hill 

New Yorke M' Miller' late Chaplain to His Majesty's Forces in New York, attending, 

Miuera case shewed a General! Order from Colonell Fletcher to M-- Gilbert Heathcote for his 

' Rev. John Miller, II. A., was commissioned Chaplain to the two companies of grenadiers in tlie colony of New-York, on 
the 7tli March, IKOJ, in the summer of which jear be arrived in this country. A law having been passed in Sept., 1693, for 
BCtlling a ministry in the province, he demanded (15tli Feb'y, 1694), in virtue of his license from the Bishop of London, an 
induction into the living lately established for the maintenance of a Protestant minister in the city of New-York. Ilia 
pretension having been submitted to the Council, they decided, non. con., that he was not thereby entitled to that living. 
New -York Council Minutes, VII., 54. Mr. Miller left New-York in June, 1695, after (to use his own words) "having 
been very near three years resident in the province, as chaplain to His Majesty's forces, and constantly attending the Governor." 
During his residence, he had the opportunity of observing many things of considerable consequence in relation to the Christians 
and Indians; and also took draughts of all the cities, towns, forts and churches of any note, and several other matters, to 
enable him to give an exact account of the then state of the province of New-York. On his return passage, he was taken 
prisoner by a French privnteer in July, 1695, and obliged, unfortunately, to throw all his papers overboard, to prevent the 
information they contained falling into the enemy's hands. He, however, employed the time of, he calls, his "long 
imprisonment," to retrieve, by the help of his memory, some part of he lost; and, on his return to England, presented to 
the Bishop of London "A Description of the Province and City of New York with plans of the City and several Forts as 
they existed in 1695." The MS., on the dispersion of Mr. Chalmers' library, came into the possession of Thomas Rodd, 
bookseller, London, by whom it was published in 1843. It is an 8vo. tract of 43 pp., and contains, among other curious 
things, a plan of an American episcopate, which, however, seems to have been overlooked in the Rev. Dr. Hawks' very 
interesting paper on the subject, in Coll. of Prot. Ep. Hist. Soc, I., 136. It recommended the appointment of a bishop of New- 
York, who was not only to exercise a\:thority in all the English provinces in the North part of America, but to be commissioned, 
at the same time, governor of New-York, New-Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Islan<l, and also of Canada, the conquest of which 
country was embraced in the plan. Descr. p. 23, et seq. Mr. Miller's commission and license are recorded in the Secretary of 
State's Office, in Booh of Commissions, II., '71. — Ed. 


Pay dated the 22"' Aprill 1693. But a Servant of M' Heathcote's accompanj'ing him produced 
a letter of Colonell Fletcher's to M"' Heathcote dated the 29"' May 1695. in which the state of 
liis Accounts is limited to the 1*' of June 1695. And said that M' Heathcote had paid him all 
that he had order for: Wherewithall nevertheless M"" Miller not being satisfied his complaint 
arising upon an account between hjm and Colonell Fletcher he was thereupon told that the 
decision of that matter did not belong to this Board. 

Being then further emjuired of about the state of that Province he gave these following 

That there are about 3000 Families in New York and about 5000 Families in Connecticut. 

That he was at Alban)^ when the French came down that way in the year 1693. It was 
into the Mohacs Country, beyond Schenectidy. There were of them about 2 or 300, and as 
many of their Indians. The Force sent against them was from Albany much about the same 
number (English and Indians) under Major Schuyler, who speaks the Indian Language. 
Other forces sent from New York came too late. Major Schuylers Order from Colonell 
Ingoldsby who commanded in Albany was that when he found he was near the Enemy he 
should ibrtify himself; He did so; And in the mean time while sent out detachments who in 
several attacks killed about 30 or 40 of the French party, whereupon the rest fled, and have 
not since returned. This was the only incursion of any moment that was ever made upon 
that Country before his coming away in June 1695. 

That the Town of Albany is fortifyed only with stockado. There is but one Minister of the 
Church of England and one Schoolmaster in the whole Colony of A'ew York A Dutch 
Minister there had instructed some Indian children. But the English in New York had not 
endeavoured it. There are many Interpreters 

That the Trade of Albany is cheifly Beaver. Formerly it may have been to the value of 
^10,000 a year but is now decay'd, by reason of the Warr between Our Indians and the 
French, not diverted to any other phwe. The burdens also of that Province have made 2 or 300 
families forsake it, and remove to Pensilvania and Maryland cheifly and sonie to New England. 

That the Presents usually given to the Five Nations are not distributed to particular Men 
amongst them : But in general to the whole. It is done in the Governor's name as by order 
from the King. Their returns are in Beaver and Otterskins to the value of 20 or 40^'. 
Those presents of theirs are made to the Governor: He is doubtfull if nOt sometimes 
mentioned for the Kins;. 

jPlari suhnitted hy Messrs. Brooke and Nicoll for securing Xew - York 

[New-Tort Enlries, A. 19.] 

In obedience to Your Lordships command when we waited on this Board 
signifying that we should lay before Your Lordships such proper methods 
as may be taken for securing New York and the rest of the English 
Dominions on the main land of America, from the French iucroachments 
we humbly offer as our Opinions 

The French to be That the bcst and securest means would be the dispossessing the French of 

uuposest of Cimaua * ^ 

Canada and settling an English Colony in that place. 


By this 
Benefits that would Tliis Kingdom might be wholly eased from any further charge in keeping 

arise from thence 

Garrisons in those parts. 
Peltry Tiie whole trade of Furrs and peltry will be a reasonable consequence of the 

successe of such and atttmpt. 

Indians The Indians on that Continent will not only be deprived of all meanes of 

making warr on and doeing mischief to the English but become altogether at their command, 
there being no other people from whom they may purchase or procure arms Ammunition 
clothes or other necessaryes, their long trade with Europeans hath accustomed them to, and 
which they now cannot well live without. 

New discoTerics Further discoverys with much more ease and safety might be made into the 

Inland parts of the Continent, which both by the French and other reports are full of minerals 
and in particular to abound in great quantities of copper. 

But if such an undertaking do appear to Your LordP' either not fezihle or impracticable as 
too full of hazard or too great a charge. Then we humbly submit the following particulars 
to Your Lordships consideration, 
rrescnis to tiie That about 1000.£ be yearly laid out in Arms Ammunition Clothes, ettc for 


presents to be made to the Five nations or Cantons of Indians to encourage and 
preserve them firm to the English Interest, and to be continued tho' the warr cease — 
1000 men to be That during the war a garrison of about 1000 men may be kept on the 

kept on the Fron- O O .7 r 

'^"^- frontiers of New Yorke towards Canada that the Indians may see we have 

a sufficient force as well to defend ourselves as also to assist them against the French if 
there be occasion 
Forts at Albany That a resiular Stone Fort may be built at Albany and fortifications made 

Sccnechtady ettc ° "^ -^ . 

at Scanectade, Canestigaion,' the half moon flats ettc. and suitable forces 
posted in them. 

r.ecruits That yearly recruits of men and of stores of warr may be sent over to make 

good the number and supply the wants of the forces there. 
Some of our Eng- That five or six hardy youths (of good natural parts and well understanding 

lish Youths to be , .7 J \ & r o 

I'muan™""^*' ""^ grammar) at least may be sent to reside among those Indians to learn their 
language perfectly, and be acquainted with their customes and manners, that 
thereby the govern' may have the better insight into their measures and designe, and with 
more facility treat with them whenever it is necessary. 
convesion of the That some protcstaut English clergy may be encouraged to dwell for some certain 

Indians. -ii , i -, • • ^ r~f\ • • -n ^• • 

time with those people to endeavour their conversion to tlie Christian Kengion. 
A fort near the And that as soou as it shall be judged feasible a strong fort and good settlement 


may be built and made in some convenient place near the Lake — Wee are 
Your Lordships most humble and 

most obedient servants 

Chid : Brooke 
Sept' S"- 1G96. W" Nicoll : 

1 Canestegiune is laid <lown on Mitcliell's Map of North America, 1755, and on Sauthicr's Map of the Province of New- 
York, 1779, on the north bank of the Mohawk river, a little west of the Cohoes falls, in what is now Saratoga county. — Ed. 


Proceedings of Board respecting New - York Memorial. 

[Journal, IX., 100. ] 

Whitehall September the 12"' 1G9G. 
At a Meeting of His Majesty's Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 

Present. — Earl of Tankervillc M"' Locke 

M-- Pollexfen. 

NcwTorke M"" Chidley Brookc and .M"' William Nicoll attending according to summons 

presented to the Board a Memorial of the Methods proper for the security of New 
Yorke and from the Incroachments of the French. The first of which is the takeing of 
Canada. But if that be not feizable ; Then that 1000^ be laid out yearly licre in presents to 
be sent to the Five Nations of Indians. That a Garrison of 1000 men \w maintained on the 
Frontiers of New Yorke during this War. That a regular stone Fort be built at Albany, and 
Fortifications in several other places. Tliat Recruits of men and stores be sent from hence 
yearly during the War. That five or six Young men be sent to reside among tlie Indians to learn 
their language; as also some Clergy to endeavour their conversion to the Christian Religion. 

The Board then enquiring of them further upon several heads, their answers were 
to tliis eftect. 

That if the Designe were to attack Canada some men might be sent from England, and the 
rest drawn out of the Colonies ; the strength thereof they reckon'd or guessed at in this 
manner. The Massachusets alone reckon themselves 10 000 men fit to bear arms. In Road 
Island there are about 300 Families capable to furnish 40 or 50 men. The Militia of 
Connecticut is about 3000 men. These tliree have formerly furnished about 1-500. The >[ilitia 
of the two Jerseys is about 1000. Tiie Militia of New York was in 1693 about 3000 : but 
they are decresed ; many being removed from thence, to avoid the trouble of Detachments and 
to live more easily in other Colonies free from taxes. 

To attack Canada Forces must bo employed both by land and sea. For those by Land New 
Yorke would be the most convenient Rendezvous, it being the center of tliose Colonies: And 
Albany lies nearest to the French Frontiers, some hundreds of miles distant from tlie Great 
Lake, but they knew not perfectly which way 

Waving the proposition of attacking Canada ; They said that singly for the Defence of the 
Country, if there were not a necessity of keeping up a Reputation with the Indians, the 400 
men that are there already would be sufficient to defend it. They know not how many of those 
400 are remaining of the Men sent over from hence, and how many new Recruits: Some few 
have dyed, but many deserted. However they are at present so many effective men ; But the 
recruits that are included in the number cannot be depended upon longer than a year, unlesse 
the Assembly make new provision for the charge of them. Before the war there was never 
but one Company. 

They do not know what stores were remaining in the King's Magazeens at the time of their 
leaving the Country. But said that Colonell Fletcher did usually send accounts of those stores 
to the Secretarys Office and the Plantation Office. And that there had been no consumption 
of those last sent but in salutes or such like ordinary occasions. 

The culture of their ground is cheifly plowing and sowing. Tiiey supply tlie Southern 

Vol. IV. 24 


Plantations with Corn. They pay 4=' upon SO or 100 acres of land, Quit Rent to the King, 
no duty upon goods outwards. Their Returns are from Jamaica Money, from Barbados 
Sugar, Rlolosses and Rum. Upon Rum some duty is laid, hut none on Sugar. Commodities 
from hence pay generally 2 per cent, but tliose proper for the Indian Trade more. The whole 
value of tlie King's Revenue there is about 4000=£ per annum. (More than sufficient in time of 
peace for the public charge of the Country) M"' Brook is Collector and has received it so. His 
accounts he said are in M'' Blathwaytes Office, who is Auditor of the Accounts of all 
Plantations. But he ofTerd to bring a Copy of his account of the last Quarter to this Board, 
for a specimen of their method. 

Their methods of Justice are in this manner. The Justices of the Peace determin causes 
of small value. Next is their County Court. From that lyes appeal to the Supream Court, 
which consists of Five Judges Commissioned by the Governour. From that again lies appeal 
to the Governor and Council who are as a Court of Chancery, And in the last place, for sums 
of 300^ or more from them lies appeal to the King. 

The presents made by the Indians, in returne of those given them they said were very 
small, perhaps to the value of 40"'' or 3=£ in returne of one of the value of 200,£. And those 
the Governors took ordinarily as their perquisites. 

They further acquainted the Board that there is one Nelson, who had been long a Prisoner 
in Canada and is able to inform the Board very particularly of the strength of the French in 
that place. 

Upon Enquiry about M"' Graham Atturney General at New Yorke, they said that he had 
been put in there in the Reigne of King Charles the Second: And was by the late King James 
removed to Boston, where (in the time of the Revolution) he was imprisoned but in the year 
1691 upon a letter from the Committee of Trade and Plantations, he was restored to his place 
in New York'. 

Correspondence between Governor Fletcher and the Government of Connecticut. 

[New- York Papers, A.B. A.IO. ] 

Gov. Fletcher to Gov. Treat. 

New Yorke June l?"- 1695. 

Her late Majesties royal letters under her sign manual bearing date at Whitehall the 22^ of 
August last past, signifying her Royall Will & Pleasure that a Quota not exceeding 120 men 
with their proper officers shall be the measure of assistance to be given by the Collony of 
Coneticutt for the defence and security of the Province of New York, which said Quota of 
men her late Maj'^ required and commanded you upon my application, to provide and send to 
be under my comand and directions for my assistance in the defence of the said Province of 
New York ; and finding it necessary for his Majesties service, in order not only to the security 
of this Province of New Yorke but other His Maj" Provinces and CoUonys in this part of his 
dominions ; I do hereby apply my self to you accordingly that the said Quota of men, 120. 
with their proper officers viz' one Cap' two Lieutenants & three Serjeants, three Corporalls 
and two Drummers be provided and sent to Albany by the first day of August next, in 


obedience to the comand of her late Majesty and for his Majesties service in order to the 
general defence of this part of His Maj" Empire. I am Sir, Your Immble Serv' 

Ben : Fletcher. 
For His Maj" special Service 

To the Hon : Coll. Robert Treat Gov-- 
of the Collony of Coneticutt, these. 

Gov. Fletcher to Gov. Treat. 

New Yorke June IS"" 1695. 

Sir. B}- an express last night from the fronteers of this Province I have notice that a very 
considerable body of French are within a few dayes march of Albany. I do therefore again 
apply myself to you for your Quota of one hundred and twenty men and that they be forthwith 
dispatched to Albany for the security and defence of that place ; it being much for his Maj'^^ 
service, I connot doubt your compliance herein ; I also send you an abstract of a letter from 
Maryland. I have not time to enlarge but am, Sir 

Your humble Serv' 

Ben Fletcher 

Superscribed. For His JIaj" special Service. 
To the Hon. Coll Rob' Treat. 
Gov' of Conecticutt, these 

Governor and Council of Conn : to Gov. Fletcher. 

May it please Yo' Excellency. 

Your letters of the l?"" of this instant wee have in Council! this day, wherein you say by 
virtue of a royall letter from her late Maj'^ you apply your self to us & you send for 120 men 
with a Capt. two Lieutenants three Sergeants three Corporalls and two Drummers to be at 
Albany the first of August next for his Maj'^' ser\'ice for the defence of this part of his Mnj" 
Empire ; as also your letter of June 19"' 95 is before us wherein you say by an express last 
night from the frontier of your Province that a considerable body of French with their Indians 
are within a few dales march of Albany and therefore you do apply yourselfe to us for our 
quota of 120 men forthwith to be dispatched to Albany for the security and defence of that 
place &'' which wee have considered and wee do assure your Excellency that to this day we 
have not received one word from her Majesty wherein she lays any such command upon us. 
Yet notwithstanding we hope we shall be as ready to attend our duty to assist in the defence 
of his Maj'>' interest and our fellow subjects, as any of our neighbours whatsoever, but we 
desire not to be put to needless charge. For take it for granted that a party of French and 
Indians be come over the Lake, before we possibly can get up thither they will have done what 
mischeif they can do and be returned ; which is alwaies their wonted custome. Besides we 
are of opinion that the quota of 120 men is to be required of us in proportion with the 
neighbouring Collonies & Provinces when there is an invasion made upon you by the enemy 
and not at other times. For indeed we are a poor people and God is pleased to frown upon us 
severall wayes by the sea side, as we hear, our Corn is much blasted and upon the river it is 
much of it like to be destroyed by the overflowing of the water ; so that we fear whether we 


shall have enough preserved to find the good people bread in this Colony. All which v^ill 

induce us to be as good husbands as we can, and we do pray your Excellency upon these 

accounts to be favourable as you can towards us and put us to as little charge as may be. 

Besides your news from Mary Land gives an account that the French are sending all the force 

they can to give trouble and to damage in these parts, and we cannot but expect them upon 

our parts, they lying open to them more than New Yorke, and we having so little strength to 

oppose them & Yorke being well fortified we are afraid we may be in the greatest hazard of an 

assault by the enemy and may need helpe as much as any in New England, and if it so fall out 

we shall need your help which we hope you will readily grant us. Sir we pray you to put a 

candid construction iipon these lines and be assured that when we understan our duty we shall 

be very ready to address our selves to the attendance of it : which witJi our service to Your 

Excellency we take leave to subscribe your humble Serv" the Gov"' and Councill of Their Ma" 

Collony of Coneticutt 

P"" their order, signed 

Hartford June 22. 1695. John Allyn Secretary 

For His Excellency Coll : Benj : Fletcher, Cap' 
Generall and Gov"" in Cheif of their Maj" 
Province of New York at Fort W" in 
New York, this d'd : 

Govern"' & Council of Conn, to Gov. Fletcher. 

Hartford July 9"> 1695. 
Excellent Sir 

Your letter of the 1" instant we received and therewith a Copy of Her Majestys letter and 
on the same day in the evening we received the original her Maj'* letter dated June 21. 1694.' 
in the sixth year of their Mnj" reign, whereby we understand the explanations and restrictions 
given to your Excellencys Comission, and we shall accordingly attend their Maj'' comands 
and directions therein as there may be occasion, not only with our Quota, but with the whole 
militia of the Collony, when Their Maj" service requires it. We shall not ad, but with 
respects and service rest your humble Serv" the Governour and Councill of Coneticutt 

p'' their Order, signed 

John Allyn Secretary. 

Superscribed. For his Excellency Benj" Fletcher Esq. 
Capt. Gen" & Gov"" of the Province of New Yorke &" 
at Fort W" in New Yorke this dd. for his Maj" service 

Gov. Fletcher to Gov. Treat. 

August 5. 1695. 

I did acquaint you of three men run from my own Company of Granadiers, and sent a hue 
and cry after them ; the men were taken up at Fayrefeild imprisoned and afterwards rescued 
by the people of the town, where I understand they are concealed. I sent a comission Officer 

' Ante, p. 106. —Kd. 


with the Kings pinnace to bring them back, but the people refused to discover them untill he 
was gone. Sir there are also 14 of the new forces run away from Albany and are all sheltered 
in your Coliony. I never did delight in blood, if it be only a principle of Compassion to the 
mens lives, I do ingage none of them shall suffer death for this fault only let them be returned, 
that the garrison may see there is no possibility to escape to prevent a greater inconveniency. 
I cannot think it prudence for your people to meddle in this matter, which is apparently to the 
hurt and prejudice of the King's service and their own ease and security. 1 did receive the 
intelligence of the privateer last night ; I heard of her on Saturday afternoon when I ordered 
33 of the Grenadiers of my own Company, on board, to strengtlien the Richmond, who sailed 
yesterday noon. I hope other parts have done their endeavours and tliat tlie enemy shall be 
taken. Sir, His Majesty hath appointed the Quota of men 1198 from the severall Collonyes 
and Provinces on tiiis maine, to be under my Command : it cannot be supposed for no end, 
and that the King's service can be benefited by your saying you are in readiness, unless you 
obey. 1 therefore persist in my application to you for one hundred & twenty men, with their 
proper Officers, to be forthwith sent to Albany, & that suitable provision be made for their 
subsistence pay and incidents. The reason of my application to you first is your nearness to 
the frontiers. I have take care for tlieir releif from the remoter Collonyes and that the 

burthen fall proportionably as the King directs. I am Sir 

Your humble Servant 

Ben: Fletcher. 

Governor and Counc: of Conn, to Gov. Fletcher. 

Hartford Aug' 12"" 1695. 
Excellent Sir. 

Your letter of the 5"" of this month is now before us, whereby we are informed of three 
men of your Excellency' Company that are fled from New Yorke who were taken up at 
Fayrefeild and there imprisoned and afterwards rescued by the people of the town and concealed 
from your Officer &■= which is altogether unknown to us and very offensive to us, & shall be 
inquired into by us or our order, and according as it doth appear when examined they shall be 
dealt withall according to their demerrits. You also inform of fourteen of your new forces that 
are fled from Albany & sheltered in our Coliony, which we must profess we have no 
knoledge of, and upon our inquiry as yet we can receive no such intimation : but upon your 
Excellencys notice we shall fortiivvith send out hue and cryes to seize all such persons as are 
suspiciously guilty of being such persons to be secured and returned. For we are of your 
Excellencys opinion that for us to be any wayes abetting or incourageing to such persons 
unlawfully withdrawing from His Maj" service, it is prejudicial to his Majesties interest and to 
the ease and security of his good subjects. Sir, we thank you for your care in sending forth 
and furnishing the Richmond friggat with men to go forth against the comon enemy and we 
pray God grant them good success in expelling off the enemy that is upon our Coasts. Your 
Excellency is pleased. to signify unto us His Maj''' hath appointed a Quota of 119S men from 
the severall Collonys and Provinces of this America to be under your comand; of which Quota 
ours you assert to be 120 men, and that you persist in your application to us that they be 
forthwith sent to Albany with suitable provisions to be made for their subsistence pay and 
incidents; to which we must say as formerly in our letter of July 9"" 1G95. that we stand ready 
not only with our Quota but the whole Militia of our Coliony upon any invasion or necessity 


requiring, to assist your Excellency to repell any enemy that shall molest any of his Ma" 

subjects, but we do understand by Her IMaj" letter of the 21^' June 1694. in the sixth year of tiieir 

reign that in this time of war our Quota is 120 men, which is the measure of the assistance to 

be given by our Collony and that your Excellency is not to comand or draw out more of the said 

Quota or Militia of our said Collony of Coneticutt that [than] your Excellency shall in proportion 

demand or draw forth out of the adjacent Collonys ; and we are ready according to our 

proportion to send our aid upon demand with the rest of the adjacent Collonys. Besides we 

are this day informed from our neighbours of the Uper Towns that they were yesterday 

allarmed by the Indians there, the Enemy haveing assaulted and slain severall freind Indians 

and also destroyed two familyes of the English in one of the Northern Plantations near the 

river in the Massachusetts, so that we are allarmed that way, and of necessity some help 

should be afforded them or elce they will not be able to defend themselves. Besides our town 

of New London calls upon us for assistance there, so that upon the whole we request your 

Excellency to be as favourable as you may ; not that we are unwilling to contribute to the 

releif of their Maj" subjects or to be guided therein by your Excellencys comand, but request 

you would please to consider our circumstances. Besides in yours you do not tell us of any 

present hazards nor how long our men shall continue in Albany, and that you expect us to 

supply them with provision Sc' which will be too hard for us to do ; yet we should be glad to 

be acquainted with the whole of your expectations. We are not sensible of any present 

danger at Albany and haveing such supply of men already to keep garrison there as needfull, 

we think it not his Majesties intentions" in his letter that his subjects should be burthened 

more than is needfull, neither do we see that we are bound to supply our men with provisions 

and other supplys when they are upon Their Majesties service out of our Collony. We have 

not to inlarge, but our service to your Excellency and that we are your humble servants 

The Governour & Councill of their Maj" Collony of Conecticutt 

P"" their order signed 

John Allyn Secretary 
For His Excellency Ben : Fletcher Esq. GoV 

& Cap' Gen" of His Maj« Province of 

New Yorke at Fort W" in New York 

this deliver for his Majesties Service. 

Gov. Fletcher to Gov. Treat. 

New Yorke Aug« ig"- 1695. 

I received yours of the twelfth instant. I did signify to you that his Maj'^ had appointed 

from the provinces and Collonyes on this main 119S men. You want not my assertion what 

your Quota is, haveing Her Maj'' Royal Comission to inform you His Maj'^ expects a ready and 

chearfuU compliance. It cannot be supposed His Maj'^' can intend any ease or assistance to this 

Province by charge of maintaining 1198 men, which with their officers and incidents would 

amount to ^30000 per annum. Sir Edmund Andross the Gov"" of Virginia has not thouglit fit 

to dispute the Royal comands nor to ask a reason for my application to him, knowing that I 

am only accountable to his Majesty. I have ordered you herewith a copy of his letter. 

These forces from Virginia were designed for the releif of Yours the first of May next. I 

have taken the same care and measure of my applications to the other Collonys and Provinces 


for assistance which I have to Coneticutt and if I can find any thing proposed by you that can 
answer the end I shall be alwayes as favourable to your people and ready for their defence as 
for any of his Maj'^' Collonys whatsoever, so that the charge of this intended assistance fall 
equally as designed. But to prevent further delay or excuse I do acquaint you that I have 
intelligence of the French being upon their march to besett Cadraqui with all the strength 
they can spare, and the Indians have desired our assistance ; tliercfore 1 persist to demand your 
Quota and to make provisions for their subsistence pay & incidents, untill the first of May next 
pursuant to their Maj" comission, which you are required and comanded to give obedience 
to, according to the signification of their pleasure. 

As for the run awayes that are sheltered among you I earnestly desire that care be taken to 
discover and send them back to their garrisons, if no assistance is to be expected from you 
pray let us not by your means have our forces diminished. I am, Sir, 

Your humble Serv' 

Benj: Fletcher. 

Gov. and Counc. of Conn: to Gov Fletcher. 

Hartford Aug' 29'" 1695. 
Excellent Sir 

Your letter of the 19"' instant is now before us, and [as] you inform us we are fully satisfyed 
of his Maj" comands and of our Quota, which is to be 120 men, as also that your Excellency 
hath speciall directions that you do not comand or draw out more off" the Colony of 
Conecticutt than you shall in proportion comand or draw out of the ^lillitia of the adjacent 
Collonys &'^ which we are ready to attend and join with you and them as occasion shall require ; 
but for us to be called forth eight months or more before the rest are called forth we do not 
see the reason of it. We return you thanks for your promise of kindness or being favourable 
to us, so that the [Men &] charge of the iutended assistance fall equally as designed, wltich ice 
have no great scruple, provided it he equally proportioned to attend. As to the French their 
resettlement of Cadarackque it cannot be thought they are able to do anything there; 'tis 
thought the Indians may be sufficient to keep them of!'. Besides we understand by some of 
Albany that there is two hundred of the Friend Indians gone over the Lake to fall upon the 
French, which will put them upon their [other] considerations. But as to your persisting in 
laying your comands upon us for our Quota of 120 men, we can say no other but that if 
your Excellency please to call for our Quota in proportion with the rest of the Collonyes & 
Provinces we are ready to do our part which we judge is as much as can be required of us. 

Sir, we must plainly tell you that we are grown poor; we cannot possibly find 120 men 
nine months at Caderaque, with \\n\, provision, and other incidents; we cannot possibly do it, 
and therefore may not promise [to do] more than we are capable of doing, and yet would 
not fall short of our duty. At this time for our own defence and the releif of our neighbours 
up the River are forced to send up thirty men to their ayd, who are there now and must 
continue still. Besides the blast and unseasonable weather hath not only destroyed the 
principal of our cropp but hath disenabled us so that we are not capable of fulfilling your 
comands, and therefore desire your Excellency to consider some way for our ease. Sir, we 
could not deny them up the river aid, because it was upon our own defence, they being our 
frontiers, and are very much allarmed by the enemy, severall friend Indians being killed and 
some taken captive and five English being assaulted & one wounded very much in both his 


arms [being broken] & shott into his body in going into their mill. Besides at another 
garrison at Billeri[is.]a they burnt the honse & killed ten and carryed away five more children, 
one man lost his wife and seven children there ; Upon which we could not but send them 
some aid upon tlieir earnest request; and we pray your Excellency [that] what are employed 
in this service be part of our quota hy their MaJ'^ appointment. As to your soldjers run from 
tlieir posts we have sent out hue and crys to seize and return them & shall upon our utmost 
prevent their escape both now and for the future. Excellent Sir we shall not enlarge, but 
request your candid consideration of these lines and that you would please to be as favourable 
to us as you may, and be assured that we are your Excellencys most humble servants, 
The Gov'" & Councill of His Maj'^ Collony of Coneticutt. 

Signed by Order 

John Allyn Secretary 

[Postcript SeptemV 5"" 95 I was taken ill and so misd of y^ post for convayance I shall 
hasten an answer to yo" since Received as faste as I can by the next turne of y^ post. 

R. Treat.] 
For his Excellency Benj™ Fletcher Esq. Gov' 
& Capt Gen" of His Maj" Province of New 
Yorke &<= and in Fort W" in N. Y. this dd. 

[ On comparing the preceding with the Original Letter in New-York Colonial Manuscripts, XL., the passages in Italics are 
found wanting. The words within brackets are inserted from that Letter. — Ed.] 

Gov Fletcher to Gov. Treat. 

N. Yorke Sepf 2^ 1695. 


By the last post I did expect your answer to mine concerping yo"" quota and the deserters 

that are sheltered in your Collony ; having received yesterday the inclosed propositions from 

Albany I am now with all expedition bound thither and constrained to renew my application 

to you and urge your dispatch in sending up your Quota of men with what is necessary, for 

them to meet me there. I had appointed the first of August last for their being at Albany, 

your nearness to that garrison puts a necessity upon me to call for your men at this juncture ; 

I shall take care they be relieved by the remoter provinces in due time, and that the burthen 

fall proportionably. I am, Sir, 

Your humble Serv' 

Benj : Fletcher 
Coneticutt. For His Maj" Service 
To Coll. Rob« Treate Gov' of 
Coneticutt Collony, these. 

Gov. and Counc: of Conn: to Gov. Fletcher. 

Hartford Septr 10"' 1695. 
Excellent Sir. 

Your letter of the 2'' instant we have received and considered your renewed applications for 
our sending up our Quota of 120 men with what is necessary for them to meet you at Albany, 


and you will take care that they will bo relieved by the remoter Provinces in due time : to which 
we give this our answer, We did in ours of SD"" August last, viz' that if your Excellency 
please to call for ours of the Quota in proportion with the rest of the Collonyes & Provinces 
concerned, we are ready to do our part according to his Maj" comand, which we are ready to 
conceive is it' his Majesty doth expect from us. It seems to be unreasonable that we should be 
called upon for our whole Quota of men, and that none of the rest of the Provinces should be 
called to send theirs at this juncture, especially seeing you are designing them to Cadaraque a 
place so remote, where the charge will be so great to grant them any suitable supplys for the 
subsistence of those that shall be appointed there this winter season. We know not what 
farther to say, and hope this may satisfy your Excellency. But our Generall Court bein"- 
near, if you please to move them to consider of your motion. Jf God will, they will meet 
on the second Thursday in October next by who'fn 3'ou may receive their resohes in this, or 
what other you shall see reason to mention to them&'= In our former we told your Excellency 
what charges we were at in serving^ our frontiers up the River, which we are ready to believe 
is that as will be acceptable to our superiors at home. Also as to what you mention of our 
Covenant with the Indians to go hand in hand with them in their defence, we are ready to do 
our dut}' and will not be wanting to answer what we have engaged with the rest concerned 
with us. We have not to ad, but our respects and that we are, Your humble Serv*^ 

By Order of the Gov' and Councill of Coneticutt 

John Allyn Sccry: 
These for his Excellency Coll: Benjamin 
Fletcher Esq' GoV in Cheif & Cap' Gen" 
of his Maj'-^' Province of N. Yorke Sc' 
at Fort W"" in N. Yorke, this. — 

( Indorsed ) 

" Ace* of what letters passed between 

" Coll. Fletcher, & Conecticott Collony, 
Del--"' to the Board by Maj' Gen' 

Winthrop Sept' 12"' 1696." 

Journal of Major General Winthrop's March from Albany to Wood Creek. 

[Now-Tork Papers, A.B. A.ll. ] 

In pursuance of a comission from the Gov' of his Majestyes Collony of Conecticot to 
command the forces designed against Canada, I set forwards from Hartford on the 14"" of July 
1690. and in seven dayes, by a tedious martch through the difficult and almost impassible parts 
of the wilderness, I arrived at the Citty of Albany with the additionall forces of Conecticot ; 
Capt" Joseph Fitch and Capt" Johnsons compauyes being commanded thither some timi; 
before. Here I found the designe against Canada poorely contrived and little prosecuted, all 
things confused and in noe readiness or posture for martching the forces towards Canada, yet 

' "it is that". Or\gma\'Doc\\mentm New -York Colonial Manuscripts, \h. — I'X ' "securing". Jliiil. 

Vol. IV. 25 


every one disorderl}^ projecting sometliing about it. Here I found a great defect in the compliment 
of New York forces, not above 150 of the men engaged at New York May 1" W'' obhged 400. 

On tlie 29"' of July the Rev*" M'' Walker of Woodbery who accompanyed me by the desire of 
the Gov"' to preach to tlie array and M"" Chancy Chaplaine to the Forces sent before me, returned 
to Conecticot to waite upon the Gov'' with my letters, and report the difficulty of our affaires and 
increaseing of the Small Pox in the Army, many being dead in the several Companyes. 

On the 30"" of July I gave order to tliree Companyes of Conecticot and a Company of their 
Indians to martch to the Flats about foure English miles from Albany, the Dutch Companyes 
being two dayes martch before them; tliey made their way North and North by East. 

Aug'' 1"' early in the morning I followed the army and cjuartered this night at a place called 
the Still Water soe named for that the water passetli soe slowly, as not to he discerned, yet at a 
little distance both above and below is disturbed and rageth as in a great sea, occationed by 
great rocks and great falls therein : We made our way North and North and by East. 

Aug" 2'' We martched forwards and were overtaken by a post with letters from the Gov"" 
of Boston & Conecticot signifying the readiness of the Fleete to sayl towards Canada ; and 
quartered this night at a place called Saratogo, about 50 English miles from Albany, where is 
a blockhouse and some of the Dutch soldiers. At this place I overtook M^ Wessells Recorder 
of the Citty of Albany and a Company of the principall Gent" voUunteers of that Citty. At 
this post I received letters from the Mayor of Albany,' then up in the Country, that Cannooes 
were makeing for the army. Thus far the way has bin very good ; ouely foure great wadeing 
rivers, one of them dangerous both for horse & man. This day I sent Capt Nicholls with 
some horse to Albany to hasten our provition ; our course North East & by North. 

Aug'' 3"''' Wee still continue here by the side of Hudsons River where it is fordable and had 
notice our provition was comeing up to us, part of the way in waggons and then in canooes. 

Aug" 4"» I consulted with the Officers and 'twas concluded to martch forwards, and then 
devided our provition, w""" was about 35 cakes of bread for each souldier besides pork which 
was scarce eatable. At this post I left Lieutenant Thomas Avery with some soldiers to guard 
our provition to us, w"^'" was comeing up y* river. From this place the burgers and Dutch 
souldiers carried their provition up the river in birch canooes, and the English souldiers theires 
on horses, being noe more canooes. We martched eight English miles this day, and quartered 
near the Dutch companyes, at the Litle carying place,- where the water passetli soe violently 
by reason of the great falls and rocks that canooes cannot pass, soe were forced to carry their 
canooes & provition on their backs a pretty way to a passable part of the river : our Course 
N. by E. 

Aug. 5"" the English soldiers marched with their provition on horses to the Great carying 
place,^ about 8 English miles from the Litle carying place, where we overtook the Dutch 
companyes, carrying their canooes and provition over the Great carrying place on their backs 
about 12 English miles ; very bad & difficult passing. This hardship the Burgers & Dutch 
souldiers performed vigorously and without any repining w"^"" made me think noe thing would 
be difficult for them to performe. Our way this day a continued swamp, abounding with 
exceeding tall white pine fit to mast any ship. Noe gras for our horses this day ; our course 
has bin North. 

Aug" C" We marched over the carying place about twelve English myles, and encamp at a 

' Peter ScHDYiKR. — Ed. ' Fort Miller. — Ed. 

^ Tlie road from Fort Edward to Fort Anne, 'W^ashington county, was called the Great Carrying Place. — Ed. 


hrniu'h of the Woodcreke called the Folk [Fork] that leads into the Lake and is accounted part 
of the Lake water, as it constantly payeth its tribute ; in this Creek canooes pass into the Lake 
called Curlers Lake and soe to Mont Ro^'aJl, & thence to Queheck. Our way a continued 
swamp of stately white pine. From this place horses can pass noe farther. Our course this 
day East North East. 

Aufi" 7"" I sent :J0 horse under the comand of Ensigne Thomlinson to Sarotogo for more 
provitiou, and leaving the forces at this place under the care of Capt" Nicholls I passed down 
the lliver, takeing Capt. Fitch & Capt" Prentis with me and two files of IMusketiers in birch 
canooes, managed hy some of the Burgers, and tiie New England Indians niartching by tiie 
river side comanded hy Capt" Stanton to the Wood Creke or Houtkill, where I Jiad intercourse 
witii the Mayor of Albany, the Burgers and the Maquaes Captaines. Here I encamped on 
the North side tiie Wood Creek ; our course this day. North East. 

Aug" 8"" I called a Councell of Warr and treated with the Maquaes Sachems and their 
Cheif Captaines, and delivered to them that I was sent hither from all the governments of New 
England for their Majestyes service against the French and Indian enemyes, and am to put them 
in minde of the ancient freindshiphetweene the English and the five Nations, and doe now ask their 
advice for the best way to prosecute the war against Canada. Upon which they seperated and 
consulted a considerable tyme and then answered by a Cheif person of each nation, that they 
had considered the proposition, and did leave it wholy to our selves to order about it. It was 
then thought by the Councill of War that this answere did not suffitiently engage them in 
the designe against Canada. It was farther proposed to them that they would give advice 
what number would be proper to send out for scoutes to finde the other Nations who were to 
meet at Fort La Mot ; they answered upon long consideration that they advised the whole 
army to martch; wliich did not appeare possible to the Councill of Warr. 

Aug'' Q* We still encamp here, where Capt. Johnson returned to me, whom some dayes since 
I sent to Albany to pres the Commissaryes for a farther suply of provition ; but noe thing 
considerable could be procured; and my letters from the Commissioners of Allbany did assure 
me that provition is not to be had upon the place. Capt .Johnson allsoe gave me account tiiat 
at his coming from Albany, a Dutch souldier came from Arnout the interpreter, then up in the 
Senocks Country, ami was to goe witli them and the other Nations to meet at Fort La Mot ; 
and informed tiiat by reason of the Small Pox soe generally among them they could not comply 
witii their promise of soe many iiundred souldiers, that the Great God had stopt their way ; 
which was the expression they used. This newes did a little dishearten the Burgers, who 
freely otl'ered themselves in the designe; but haveing noe letter from the Comissioners at 
Allbany of this matter I dispatcht an expres immediately to know farther therein. 

Aug" 10"" I am informed that the souldiers w''' I left at the Fork about 12 miles distant 
were taken sick daly. 

Aug" ll"" I desired the Mayor of Allbany a person of the greatest intrest in the Indians, to 
take with him a Company of the Burgers and the Cheif Capt' of the Maquaes and 15. of the 
New England Indians, to goe downe the River about six miles lower, to try if more canooes 
can be made. This day I sent the Dutch Doctor to visit the souldiers W" I left at the Fork, 
who tells me that Lieu" Hubble is sick of the Small Pox and otliers likely to be taken, and 
some are sick of other distempers. 

Aug" 12"' A very rainy day and about five of the clock in the after noone I received letters 
by an expres from tlic Gov"" of Conecticot & the Comissioners at Allbany confirming the report 
of Arnouts returne from the Upper Nations. 


Aug" IS"" I sent for the Mayor and Maquaes Captaines from below the River, the tyme 
beino- see far spent, the barke would not peele, and soe noe more canooes could be made. 
Upon liis returne I called a Councill of War, most of my officers behig present, and the Cheif 
Captaines of the Maquaes, to whom I mentioned as is written in a paper the same day. 

Aug"' 14"» Wee discourst farther with the Great Captaines of the Maquaes; the account 
thereof is in a paper written the same day. 

Aug" 15"' This day findeing noe possibility of getting provition to support the forces here 
any longer, and that here was not Canooes to transport half the Christians, and that wee could 
not by any meanes at this port, eyther alarme or spoyle the enemy; it was thought most 
advlseable to returne with the army ; haveing first given order to Johannes Schuyler brother 
to the Mayor & of great vallew to the Indians to take under his command 40 Christians such 
as he should think fit, and 100 of the Maquaes, Skataco, and River Indians, and enter into the 
enemyes country, and soe to Laprere De MagdeleiTa one of the neerest places wee could expect 
to surprise any of the enemy. This afternoone having dispatched Capt° Schuyler and spared 
him what provition we could, wee returned to the Fork, and the Doctor haveing taken the best 
care that was possible to remove Lieu' Hubble and the sick souldiers, we martched to the head 
of the Wood Creek, and in the evening he dyed. 

Aug" 16"^ Tills morning wee buryed Lieu' Hubble with all the respect wee could; a very 
good and expert Officer. After this ceremony we martched over the Great carying place 
twelve myles, with one of our souldiers sick of the Small Pox, upon a litle frame caryed by 4 
souldiers at a tyme. 

Aug" 17"" Wee martched to Saratoga many of our sould" being sick and lame. 

Aug" IS"" Wee marcht to the Halfmoone about ten miles from Albany 

Aug" 19"" Here I leave the forces under comand of Capf Fitch and goe myselfe to Allbany 
to consider the most convenient and safe quarters for the sold" the Small Pox being yet in 
severall places nere the Citty 

Aug" 20"' I sent orders to Capt. Fitch to martch the forces on the South side Hudson's 
River to the Greene Bush within sight of the Citty. 

Sept. S"* Capt Johannes Schuyler with the party of Christians & Indians w'=^ I sent out from 
the Camp at the Woodcreek returned to Allbany haveing been at La Prere de Magdalene, they 
kill'd 12 men and took 15 men and 4 women prisoners. 

Sept 3"* I sent an expres to the Gov"" and Councill of Conecticot to give ace' herof. 

Sept 5"' Haveing no post from Conecticot and the season very cold and noe shelter for the 
souldiers who were poorely clothed, I sent Capt" Nicholls to the Gov'' & Councill for 
speedy orders 

Sept. I have letters from the Gov"' and Councill at Hartford, and orders to march the 
forces of Conecticot to Hartford 

(Indorsed) "New York 

"Maj' Gen" Winthrop's Journ' of his 
" march from Albany towards Canada 
"in 1690. 

"Reel Sept. IS"- 1696." 


Mepresentation of Mes-tr-s. Governeur and Leisler respecting the Government of 

Kew - Yorh. 

[Journal, IX. 106-109.] 

Whitehall September le"- 1696. 
At a meeting of His Majesty's Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 

Present — Earl of Tankerville M'' Locke 

M^ Pollexfen M-- Hill 

NewTorke M' Abraham Gouvernier & M' Jacob Leisler mentioned the 11"' of this Month, 


i uisier offered themselves to acquaint the Board with what they know relating to the 

State of New England and New Yorke : And upon divers questions asked them answered to 
this purpose. 

That the state of New Yorke is indeed miserable. But that wholly from the conduct of the 
Governour and Council who instead of treating with the Indians about business, treated with 
them about the Gouvernour's titles. 

^[■■ Gouvernier said that he came from New England in January last, and was at New York 
in 90, and 91, in Colonel Slaughter's time. That upon Colonel Fletcher's coming thither in 
92, the old Assembly being dissolved he called a New one : But forc'd the Electors to chuse 
whom he pleased by vexing and imprisoning those that oppose his intentions. Li 94 another 
assembly was called : Who being worthy men he soon dissolved. And again in 95, he called 
another, in the Election of which he caused Soldiers and Seamen to be drest in countrymen's 
clothes, and arm'd and made them vote and deter the Inhabitants that would not vote as he 
desired : And he hath kept people in Bonds that would have come over to represent these and 
tlieir other grievances: But that some were coming over in the last Virginia Fleet, but were 
taken in the way by some of Mons'' Nesmond's Squadron, and afterwards retaken and carried 
into Holland, from whence it is uncertain when they may come. 

They said that in the whole Province of New Yorke they beleived there may be about S or 
9000 Families. That the Militia might be from 12 to 14 000 this was in the year 89. At 
which time M'' Gouvernier said he was imployed in the Secretary's Office there, and had 
oft seen the Muster IJolls, but he beleived that since that time 150 Families may have removed 
out of the Province, compelled thereto by the oppression of the Governour and his harassing 
them in detachments to Albany 300 at a time. They said that the inhabitants did all the 
service : The King's Soldiers were of no use : Twenty men were sufficient to keep that 
Garrison. And the money raised upon tliat Province, by the General Assembly, for the charge 
of the Warr, since the year 90 to the end of 95, they reckon'd might be about 40000.£. 

Concerning the Presents made the Indians, they said it was don sometimes once a year 
sometimes twice. That the greatest that ever was given till 89, did not amount to above 150.£. 
It was no more then, to M"' Gouvernier's certain knowledg : for it went through his hands. 
All the presents made since Colonel Fletcher's coming there (now about four years) they 
reckon'd to be worth 1000^. And the returns made by the Indians they said were usually of 
more value than what given them : And always given as to the King. 

They said that the Indians (our freinds) were oftended that he had not given them the 
assistance promised, which should have been cheifly men to joyne with them against the French 


Indians their Eunemies. Tliose Freind Indians come frequently to Albany and buy guns and 
ammunition there. Many in that country understand their language ; cheifly Arnold Cornelisse 
Ville, who had been interpreter, but was turned out because he had been concernd in the 
Revolution in opposition to Captain Ingoldsby. The Trade with the Indians they said was 
much gone to Canada: because part of the Mohaques were joynd with the French. 

The French Fort of Cadaraqui they say is 150: or 200 miles Northwest of Albany. 
Governour Leisler (this M'' Leisler's Father) pulld it down; but the French have rebuilt it of 
stone Schenectidy is in the way to it. 

There are very great feudes in the Country, ever since the Revolution. Those who joyn'd 
with Governour Leisler in it are 19 to one ; But now oppressed and kept out of all manner of 
place or employment in the Government. This Gouvernier was condemned with Governour 
Leisler (who was executed) M'' Chidley Brook lately sent from thence was one of their 
Judges. But tho' the Parliament here have reversed the Attainder, both M"' Leisler and he 
are kept out of part of their Estates. 

After these discourses were desired to draw up in writing an exact Memorial of whatever 
they knew relating to the state of that Country, and to give it to the Secretary : But charged 
to be sure to put in nothing but what they can justfye. Which they promised accordingly to do. 

Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade. 

[New-Tork Entries, A. 4S. ] 

Collonel Fletcher's letter to the Lords of the late Committee dated the 
17. Sepf 1696. 

May it please Your Lordships. 

!?/rnM fmmT'-uiida Sluce uiy last by way of Maryland nobody of the Enemy did appear, a small 

rsoii'irt'scCip ™^ P^rty of our Indians returned from Canada with one prisoner and the Scalpe of a 

French inrjians kill About ten davs ago a sculking party of French Indians killed a man and 

a man and wound Jo n 1 J 

another wouuded another near Schenectady. 

Mtonsf^np'm" ^ V^'^^Y of the Upper nations returning from Canada mett the French army in 

killed sev'erai''of their retreat and fell upon a party in their reare and killed several of them and 

were hotly pursued but escaped. 
banytrmret'ihts ^''^^ Onoudagcs are returned and have sent to me to desire I will meet them 

and the five nations immediately at Albany; I am this day to embarque. 
thS'imiuans by"nn ^ ^avc added upou this occasion considerably to the present sent over by the 
preJent" '° "• **"' Gracious favotir of His Most Excell' Maj'>' and hope I shall rivet them in the 

aftection of His Maj'>^ interest. 
Soki'r?civen'i7ylbe I take with me shirts, coats and shoes for the comply' to the value of .£500. 
'^"^'"'^ which was given them by the Assembly of this Province for their encouragement. 

No Indian eorn to t i -. i i • i « i ,-. .-, /. i • -r* • • j 

be brought down 1 have With advicc and consent of the Council of this Province issued a 

the river till April 

ne="- proclamation prohibiting any Indian Come or pease to be brought down the 

River until April next, that the Indians may be first supplyed in their extreamity 


a Prize drove upon Siiice I Came froMi Albany, arrived here a ship from Jamaica, the Sarah 

their const •' 

and Elenor wliich with otiior six saile homewards hound were taken by a French 
Squadron of ships near Hispaniola under Convoy of a small French Privateer being bound for 
France, were met by a stornie wherein most of them lost tlicir masts and were seperated, this 
vessel being drove upon tliis Coast was Piloted into this harbour the Master being dead and 
no other Olhcers on board. 1 did appoint four Mercliants here to have the care and oversigiit 
of the ship and loading for tiie Merchants and owners, she is reported to be of ,£800(). Value. 
intciiiRcnee abt Tlicrc wcrc ten Frenchmen on board whom I have disposed of into simdry 

llio French. i i t^ i 

vessels to be exchanged as prisoners of war; they do report that the French 
squadron liad taken a Gallion with 9U0,000 peices of eight, they were before S' Domingo and 
threw some Bombs but were beat of, they went up the Coast of Jamaica I have heard no 
further concerning them. 
Newport Gaily and Tvvo French uieu of warr have infested the coast of New England have taken 

I'eniiKiuiil Fort tji- 

ken iiy tiio French jjig Ncwport Gaily and Fort of Pemaquid, 1 have advice from the Lieut' Gov' 

The designe upon that he Understands from the Prisoners who are relieved that the<ioV of Canada 

""'' has positive orders to attack Albany ; 1 shall not be wanting in my care to defend 

lie cnn pet no as- aud sccure it, but am not able notwithstanding the many applications 1 have made 

sistancc from his 

neighbours [q obtaiu One man from Connecticutt or the Jerseys or Pensilvania. 

lie iii« the Kings Capt" W" Kidd Commander of the adventure Gaily did sail from hence 

tentli's of a French ^ 

prize valued at 85ii£. JO. daycs agoe having 150 men on board, in his way hither he tooke a French 
Banker which was condemned here and appraised at 350^. I have the King's tenths and shall 
account for it as the Lords of the Admiralty direct. 
Laws and other I havc herewith transmitted the Minutes of Council and acts of the Assembly 

puljlicic papers 

transmitted. ^[i\^ dupUcatcs of what was sent by way of Maryland, and now add a copy of 

M"" Livingston's petition and the opinion of the Council of this province thereupon, which 
with all the circumstances of affairs in this province will be respresented to his Maj'y and Your 
LordP' by M"" Brook and M'' Nicoll. 

stores and 1 luust huiubly rencw my application for a yearly supply of stores of warr 

and the payment of subsistence for the four Comp"^' being all the force 1 have to 
depend upon in this Province — I am, May it please Your Lordships — Y'our LordP' most 
dutiful most obedient and most humble servant 

New Y'orke Sepf 17'" 109G. Ben : Fletcher 

Governor Hamilton to Governor FletcJier. 

[New-Torl! Papers, A.B. B. 87 & 83.] 

May it please yo'' Excell. 

I have formerly acquainted yo' Excell. that I had set some young men who had been 
formerly to Albany to invite others ; they now inforine me that Captain Matthews is soe much 
in their good graces that if he come down he is the likelyest man to prevail. I would have him 
first finde out Matthew Moore of Woodbridge who was of his Company. He knows the 
temper of the young men and can the best assist. They must be soothed into it ; for asserting 


the power of the Commission will make them all run the Proyin,ce. . I am really ashamed 
grieved they are so awkward ; they still object the exemption or noncomplyance of the 
neighbouring Colonies, nor will this ever be reiiiedyed i(nlesse the support of the fronteers 
reaches all North America : as it is the remoter Colonies are soe many asylums. I am with 
true regard ; may it please yo"^ Excell. 

Yo' Excell most faithfuU & most 

obedient servant 
Burlington 26"' June (96) And. Hamilton ' 

Copia vera 
(signed) •,. David Jamison CI. Concilij. 

Governor Hamilton to Governor Fletcher. 

[New-Tork Papers, A. B., B.33.] 

May it please Yo'' Excell: 

Could I make our people as sensible of the hazard Albany lyes under, as I am, and that the 
weaknesse of that garrison, which they cannot be ignorant [of] may in great probability tempt 
the enemy to attack the place, as they have Pemaquid, upon the same grounds, I am sure they 
would find it their interest to run to its defence ; but whom have I to work upon but a stiff and 
an obstinate people who shutt their ears to all reason and become debauched by the ill 
example of the neighbouring Colonies which they still obtrude to me. 

Yo'' Excell. may beleive 'twas with great difficulty I obtained what I did, that in case of an 
invasion they should march to the fronteers and be at liberty to return when the accon was 
over or the enemy retreated; and even to obtein this I was forced to promise them 12^ a day 
from Yo'' Excell. and pledged my own creditt to procure them IS"* more at the first sitting of an 

' Andrew Hamilton, originally a merchant of EJinburgh, emigrated about the year 1685 to New-Jersey, which province 
he had previously visited, as special agent of the proprietors. He was one of the Council of Lord Neil Campbell, whom he 
succeeded as Deputy Governor in 1686. On the deposition of Andros, in 1689, Hamilton embarked for England, in order to 
consult with the proprietors, but was taken prisoner on his voyage and detained some time by the French. He was appointed 
Governor of New-Jersey in 1692, in September of which year he returned thither. Whilst he in England, Thomas Neale 
obtained a patent to establish post offices throughout the American Colonies, and on the 4th of April, 1692, appointed Mr. 
Hamilton his deputy for all the Plantations (New -York Commissions, II. 33, 40), who brought the subject before Governor 
Fletcher and the New-York Legislature in October following, by whom an act was immmediately passed "for encouraging 
a Post Office" Council Minutes, VI. 52, 66. The credit of devising this scheme for the establishment of post offices in the 
Colonie's belongs, therefore, to Governor Hamilton, and not to his eon John, as some suppose. On his return to this country, 
Mr. IL continued to administer the government to the satisfaction of the Crown and the People until 1698, when an act of 
Parliament was passed, which, it was presumed, required all persons holding any place of profit or trust to be natural born 
subjects. Governor H., being a native of Scotland, was in consequence superseded, and returned again to England in the 
spring of the year. He was, however, restored to his office in 1699. He appears to have been a man of intelligence, who 
deserved and possessed the coniidenee of all, and was more esteemed in the province than any of his predecessors. He 
administered the government of New-Jersey but a brief period after this, having been appointed Deputy Governor of 
Pennsylvania on 1st November, 1701. He died in Philadelphia, in January, 1709. His first wife was Ann, the widow of 
Robert Wliarton of New-York, and daughter of Deputy Governor Rudyard, and he left one son, John, who subsequently 
held several offices in New-Jersey. Whitehead's East Jersey under the Proprietors. — Ed. 


Assembly, they live so plentifully at home and have so great wages besides severall of our 
youth gone to the Southern Colonies to be free from detachments, and several as I am told 
gone aboard Captain Kidd, that there is not a possibility to prevaile with them to continue in 
garrison, and indeed very difficult to efloct any thing. 

I am truly melancholly to see our selves thus baffled by a handfull of French nor will it ever 
be otherwise untill the Crowne send a force to root them out of America or put an indisputable 
command upon every Colony to furnish a Quota and pay them ; for while it rests in the brests 
of our Assemblyes to raise a fund for the support of the fronteers or neglect it, and in the 
choice of the people to march or stay at home, Yo" Excell. is not to be told at this time of day 
what part they'le choose. 

I will notwithstanding call an Assembly in Octob'' next and will inforce the necessity of the 
fronteers with all the zeal I am sensible they require. I am, 

May it please Yo'' Excell. 

Yo"" Excies most faithfull and 

most obedient servant 

Burlington 2S Aug. 96. And : Hamilton 

To his Excell. Col Benjamin 
Fletcher, Cap' Gen" & Govern'' 
of New Yorke, these. 

Copia vera 
(signed) David Jamison CI. Concilij. 

Petition of Robert Livingston to tJie Governm' and Council of New - Yoi'^h. 

[New-York Papers, B. T. VI. 803.] 

To His Excell: Benj : Fletcher Gen" and Govern'' in Cheife of His Ma" Province of New 
Yorke and Territories depending thereon in America, and Vice Admirall of y* same &' 
and y* Hon**'' Councill. 

The Humble Petition of Robert Livingston. 

That your Excell. petitioner haveing by severall petitions to there Excell: the Lords Justices 
of England, the Right Hou'"'^ y* Lords of y' Comittee of Trade and Plantations most humbly 
represented unto them that there was due by y" government of New Yorke unto your Excell. 
Petitioner the severall summs hereafter specifyed, to witt .£527 19 3i for disbursements for 
y* officers and souldiers of y" two foot Companies at New Yorke in the reign of y' late King, 
as also ^233 9 10. expended by him for y^ support of y' garrisons at Albany at y' time of y' 
late happy Revolution, and also y' summe of .£3SS S 7. to y' officers and souldiers at New 
Yorke employed in y* expedition against y* French in y* year 1687; whereupon there 
Lordships were pleas'd to recommend y* allegacons of y' Excell: petitioner therein expressed 
Vol. IV. 26 


relateing to y* said siimtns unto his Most Excellent Majesty, with there Lordships opinion 
that in case it shall appeare to your Excell: and Councill y' y' Excell: petitioners allegacons 
to y" s"* summs are true, that your Excell: petitioner be forthwith reimburs'd y^ same, 
preferable to all others, out of y^ money ariseing by an Act of Gen" Assembly entituled An 
Act for y" satisfyeing and paying y' debts of y' Government, passed in March 169f. Your 
Excell: Pef in most humble obedience of his Most Excell' Ma" order in Councill, bearing date 
y" 21"" of Novemb. 1G95. brings here unto your Excell: and Councill the vouchers and proofs 
that your Excell. Pef has for y* s'' summs viz' for y^ first sunie of ^527 19 3. a certificate 
under y^ hand of Coll. Cortlandt one of y" members of His Maj' Council, bearing date y' G"" 
day of May 1691: for y^ somme of ^£490 19 2}, and for y^ somnie of £2o 12 il y' particular 
acknowledgements under y"" hands of y'' respective souldiers to whom y" said somme was 
advanced, and for y"* somme of eleven pounds seven shillings and eight pence, and 
acknowledgement under y* hand of y^ Leif Sharpe, to whom y" same was paid, niakeing in 
all y'' afores"* somme of ^527 19 3^ And also your Excell: Petitioner brings further his 
vouchers, for y* afores"* somme of ^233 9 10. to witt for y"" ^'200 being allowed to your 
Excell: Petitioner by y'^ Committee of y^ Representatives upon his proper account, as more 
particularly appears by an order of your Excell. and Councill for y" payment of y" same ; and 
for y^ .£33 9 10. being y"^ residue of y^ said summe, appears to be due to y'' Excell : Pef by an 
assignment of Joseph Yetts to whom y*^ s** somme is due. Your Excell: Pef therefore humbly 
prays y' your Excell. and Councill would be pleased to permitt your Excell. petitioner to 
exhibite the afores"* proofFs now ready to be laid before y"" Excell: and Councell for y' 
maintaining y'' allegations in y^ s"* peticon expressed, and likewise y' y'' Excell: would be 
pleased to issue y"" Excell warrant for y'' payment of y" aforesaid respective summs, according 
to y*' direction of his most Excell Maj'' in Councill, and likewise y' y"" Excell. & Councill 
would be pleased to recommend unto y'' General! Assembly y^ other somme of .£388 8 7 
mention'd in His Most Excell. Maj"' said order, y' effectuall care may be taken with y* 
Assembly for the satisfyeing y'^ Excell: Petitioner therein, according to His Maj" most gracious 
favour extended to your Excell. Petitioner by His Maj" said order. And whereas your Excell. 
Pef did further alleadge that there was due to y'' Excell. Pef ^900. for subsisting His Maj" 
forces in New Yorke and Albanie till Novemb' 1694. your Excell: petitioner is inform'd since 
his arriveall here, y' same has been paid unto Colonell Cortlandt, who was an equall sharer 
with your Excell: Petition' therein, tho' at y* same [time?] of y" Excell. Petitioners departure 
from this Province there was due to y' Excell. Petitioner in manner aforesaid y* s"" somme of 
^900 as y' Excell. Petitioner is now ready to make appear under the s** Colonell Cortland's 
hand ; but y^ same being paid, y' Excell Petitioner hath no further to say, but as in duty 
bound shall ever pray 

Rob' Livingston. 
N. Yorke y= 10"> 

Septemb. 1696. 


Report of the Council of Neiv-Yorh on Mr. lAvingston^s Commission. 

[New-York, B. T., VI. 299.] 

At a Council held at His Ma"" Fort in A'ew York, the 15"" day of geptenib' 1696. 

Present — His Excell. Benjamin Fletcher &■= 

M"' Robert Livingston did tender his coniniicon to his Excell. in Councill, which was read 
and severall of the members of Council objecting that his allegacous upon which he has 
obtain'd the same are false, and that he is an alien born 

It is ordered, the whole Councill be a Committee to consider what is to be done therein 

p"' Order 

David Jamison CI. Concilij. 

In obedience to tlie above reference we have duely considered His Most Sacred Matyes 
Commicon to M"' Rob' Livingston granted upon his peticon whereby he is confirmed in his 
severall imploynients of Collector of the Excise, Receiver of the Quitt Rents in the County 
and City of Albany and Town Clerke of the Peace and Clerke of the Comon Pleas there, and 
in the execution of his office of Secretary or Agent for the government of New Yorke to the 
Indian Nation and that the fee or sallary of one hundred pounds sterling p'' Annum be allowed 
to him as a recompence of his past services and for his future encouragement in the diligent 
performance of the s"" imployment. 

We humbl}' offer that in the imployment of the Collector of Excise, Towne Clerke at 
Albany, Clerke of the Peace and Clerke of the Comon Pleas there, the said INP Livingston has 
officiated for severall years past, for which he has been sufficiently rewarded by the severall 
fees, perquisites and sallaryes thereunto belonging, by which and other imploynients of the 
Government he has attained to a very considerable estate ; in soe much that thereby he has 
raised himselfe from nothing, to be one of the richest men of the Province. 

As for the office of Rec'' of the Quitrents, the same has been alwayes performed by the 
sheriffs of the severall Countyes ; and for the Office of Secretary or Agent to the Government 
to the Indian Nations, We humbly offer that there never was any such officer as Agent or 
Secretary to the Indians, all treatyes betwixt the Government and the Indians having been 
performed in a most solemn manner by the Governours themselves in person, or upon some 
occasions of small moment by the Commanders in Cheife or Magistrates of Albany by special! 
direction and instructions for the same. 

And all that JSP Livingston can pretend to have done therein, was to render from Dutch into 
English what passed at the conferences, which has, for more than fourty years past, been the 
duty of the Town Clerke of Albany as appendant to his Office ; nor was the s"* Livingston 
sent on any publick message or ever had any power of Agency to treate with the Indians, 
having no knowledge of their language, or influence on the Nations, and so alltogether uncapable 
of doing the Crown any manner of service for that Sallary, which amounts to the full three 
fourths of the whole revenue of Albany, so will fall heavy upon that poor Province, His 
Matyes revenue being greatly in debt and much impair'd by the present war, which has 
occasioned sundry extraordinarj' and unavoidable expences for the support of the Government, 
so that it will not now extend to defray the contingent eraergenc)'es thereof and those moderate 


sallaryes settled on such Officers as this government cannot want, who are, many oi' them, in 
arrear throw failure thereof 

We also humbly offer that said Livingston is an alien, bora of Scotch parents in Rotterdam 
and no native borne subject of His Matyes kingdome of England or Ireland or of His Matyes 
territorys or Dominions in America, and soe consequently disabled from executeing any place 
of trust relatcing to the Treasury, by a late Act of Parliament made in His Matyes kingdome 
of England in the 7"" and S"- year of His present Majestyes reigne, as relation being thereunto 
had may more at large appear intituled an Act for the preventing frauds and regulateing 
abuses in the Plantation Trade: all which premisses duely considered: — 

We are humbly of opinion that this our Report should be humbly laid before His most 

Sacred Majesty, and that s"* Livingston be suspended the benefite of his said sallary and acting 

as Agent or Secretary to the Indians any other ways than as it belongs to the Town Gierke's 

Office, as also from his receiving the Quitrents and Excise imtill His Matyes royall pleasure be 

further knowne 

(signed) S. V. Cortlandt 

N. Bayard. Frederyck Flypse 

W" Smith. 
Caleb Heathcote. 


Governor Fletcher to Mr. Blathwayt. 

[New-Tork Entries, A. 44.] 

Letter from Coll : Fletcher to M'" Blaithwayt dated the IS"- of Sepf 1696. 


I am not willing to take up much of your time by my scurvy scriblings; having said all 

that ocurrs to my thoughts in this hasty call from the Five Indian nations, who have been 

driven by the French from their wooden castles and are returned ; they desire to 

Expedition of tlie "^ 

French against the gee me at Albany in a very short warnmg and I am now ready to step on board. 
<"*°'- The French Count of Canada has made but a very silly businesse of it after three 

years preparation afrighting a few naked Indians only ; by this, he shews them his strength 
and his mercy, being this summer recruited from France, he told all he took prisoners, his 
business was to bring them under the protection of His Master but not to destroy them. Our 
Cheife Sachims would not be perswaded to stay and treate, but seeing his force, they fled and 
are now return'd. I hope to revitt them in their allegiance, by the presents sent from His 
Maj'^ and an addition from this province; but yet I want the most cougent argument; a good 
600 men necessary body of uicn I havc aUvays Said, and must persist in it; that five hundred 
teers. js the Icast that can be thought a sufficient guard for those fronteers. But not 

No assistance from one man could I get upon repeated applications to our adjacent Colonies, when I 

their neighbours. i a ii. • i 

had intelligence that the French Count was upon his march towards Albany with 
three thousand French and Indians. 


I was necessitated with a detachment of my own company to hasten up thitiier, where I had 
no other force but the tliree Companies in Ills Maj''" pay — the Count did civilly retreat. Tho' 
I am informed from Boston those French Captains who with the Indians tooke Pemaquid, did 
say the French King had sent positive orders to the Goveruour of Canada to take Albany 
without that exception if he could get it. 
Wont of stores und But I am Under hard circumstances, no stores of war sent from England, no 

assistance. & ' 

assistance from our neighbours embarked in the same Bottom, which I humbly 
desire you will please to represent to His Majesty and the Lords. 
Three Lieutenants I have spoke to M"' Povey of three Lieut" who in effect deserted, thev refused 

have given up their » .- i j 

Commissions to scrve, gave me resignations — I immediately filled their places till His Maj''''* 

pleasure may be knowne. 

Levingsion. I desired the Council here to consider M' Livingston's affair and make report 

of it being unwilling to be present in their debates, least it should be supposed I influenced 
them, which 1 am sure I would not endeavour tho' he hath done me much wrong there. 
Those papers will be sent over after I am gone to Albany. He hath many relations and 
countrymen here, I will allow them to be Judges — I am 


Your most faitbfull and 

most obedient servant 
New Yorke Sepf IS"" 1696. Ben : Fletcher 

Mr. Robert Livingston to the DnJce of Shrewshm-y. 

[ New-Tork Papers, No. 6. 7. ] 

May it Please Your Grace. 

The many favours your Grace vouchsafed unto me when in England, eugageth me with the 
greatest of gratitude on all occasions to acknowledge them, and makes me now most humbly 
to supplicate your Grace to accept of my most humble and most dutiful thanks. 

On my arrival here, I made it my business to hasten to Albany, where our Govemour was, 
and did present to him your Grace's letter; but that gentleman was so incensed against me for 
appearing at y^ Council board, that he not only vented his rage and fury with great indignation, 
but has stepped over all his duty to his Majesty, and y' Grace's letter. He has suspended 
not only me from executing my offices, but also His Majesty's Commission, by which means 
seateth himself in a higher station than your Grace, and takes upon him to controle what is 
transacted by your Grace at Whitehall, it is an act without President, it having never been 
known that a subject has questioned his Prince's power. He makes such resentments of my 
complaining of his suspending the execution of the Act of Assembly made for the satisfying of 
the debts of the Government, and has thereby conceived such prejudice against me, that he 
endeavors to obliterate all my former service done to the Crown in this Government, and to 
gain his Councill to addresse his Majesty and Y' Right Hon'''^ the Lords of the Plantations 
against me, saying that the Commission was surreptitiously obtained, and that there was never 
such an office before. And with such reasons, and others that I cannot discourse, endeavours 


to justify himself for the inroad he has made upon His Majesty's Authority, uot remembering 
that when he came first into tlie Government, he made a new office, which is now of little 
benefit to the Province, in which he placed one of his Domestic Servants, giving him a 
Commission to be Accomptant General, and annexed a salary thereunto of £50 per annum, 
which never was in the Province, and also, to make the Clerk of the Council now dependant 
upon him, gives him a salary of £50 per Annum, which never was before, And likewise gave 
y" Attorney Gen' a Sallary of =£100 per ann. all wiiich sallarys never were before, but because 
of his own establishment, they were no grievance, but because His Majes'' by your Graces 
favour has been pleased to give me a sallary of £L00 a year for my services, that is a violence 
to y' interests of the Province, by which methods Your Grace may judge how uniiappy a 
subject in the Plantations is circumstanced if upon application to His Majesty for releif from 
the oppression of a Governour invading the laws, he is not only thereby exposed to be ruined 
in his private fortune, but by y" imperious dominion of y'' Governour he is made to forfeit all 
His Majesty's favors, and all past services, to be buried in oblivion. 

I further presume upon your Grace's patience to acquaint Your Grace, that I am not able by 
any means to obtain a sight of what is represented to the right Hon' the lords of the Committee 
against me, so I am thereby disabled to make mj- reply thereunto for my justification otherwise 
than what I have herein enclosed, so that I must have recourse to your Grace's favor most 
humbly to beg j^our Grace's patronage against tliis violent and angry enemy who not only 
threatens to crush me and my family to pieces, but does at the same time with the 
unprecedented instrument of rejecting and discrediting Your Graces letter in my favor — All 
which boldness I most humbly supplicate your Grace to pardon, being incited unto this 
presumption by the great zeal I bear unto His Majesty's service and the dutifull affection I have 
for your Grace's person, whose prosperity and happiness I daily pray for, and shall ever 
acknowledge myself, may it please your Grace, your grace's most obedient and most devoted 

Robert Livingston 

N. Yorke. y' SO'" 

of Sept' 1696. 

M)'. Nelson's Memorial about the State of the Northern Colonies in America. 

[Plantations General Entries, 34. (A.) 42.1 

24 Sept: 1696. 
To the Right Hon'''' his Majesty's Commissioners for Trade & Plantations &' 

Whereas your honors, when I last waited upon you were pleased to express your desires 
of having communicated unto you the copy of what I formerly preferred unto his Grace the 
Duke of Shrewsbury, relating to the Northerne parts of America &■= in conformitie whereunto 
I againe humbly expose unto your reflections, not only what I conceive is the present 
Circumstances, but likewise what I presume may be most proper for the maintenance and 
increase of the English Interest, and the honour and service of the Crowne in those Parts &"= 

But before I proceed, I must beg your honours patience & leave to give some account of 


myself, as a necessary introduction unto what I have to say &"= As that for the space of 2G 
years, I have been continually conversant with the French in the Countries of Nova Scotia, 
Accadie & Canada for which reason I was in the year 1G91 made choice of by the GoV & 
Council ill New England to setle and establish one Coll: Edward Tyng in the Command of 
Port Royal, a place that then had been newly subjected to the Crown of England, in which 
enterprize 1 had the misfortune to be taken by the French, who notwithstanding the 
acquaintance and interest I had with them did, (to prevent the information, they thought me 
capable of giving unto the Court of England about their Countries & affaires in those parts) 
see cause to make an exception unto my release whereby I have actually suffered above four 
years and half's imprisonment, in which space of time, I have continually endeavour'd to 
discover what I thought might be of use to our interests, and accordingly have sometimes 
opportunity both in Canada, and in France, to give such informations as if due notice iiad been 
taken, would have been of good effect, as by some instances 1 could well note, were it not 
to avoid too much prolixity &"= The improvement I would make hereon serves only to pray 
an enquiry whom I am that soe you may be the better confirmed in the truth of my 
informations, in which as I seek not any particular advantage or interest, so 1 trust the readier 
beleife & credit may be given unto what I shall here expose &■= 

Now having thus pi-emised concerning myself, 1 must iiere omit what I formerly offered unto 
his Grace the Duke of Shrewsbury concerning the alUiirs of France &'' and shall only proceed unto 
what relates unto our Northern Plantations in America, wherein as I have by my long experience 
a particular knowledge, so am the bolder to lay before your honours, that as things are now 
circumstanced, unless we timely prevent the designs & enterprizes of the enemy in these parts, / 
we may in a short space run the hazard of the loss and subverson of those late flourishing 
Collonies of New England Road Island Conecticot, New York Pensilvania Maryland & 
Virginia &' and that for these following reasons, which I shall bring under two general! heads: 
the first is from the methods which the French have for some years, and doe yet practice both in 
regard of their own, and our Indians, as also towards theiV own people and secondly in respect 
of ourselves for want of taking such measures as might oppose the enemies progress with the 
natives as also from our confusion in matter of Government in diverse or most of those 
Collonies, and more especially from the disunion amongst them which is cause by so great a 
number of Govern'* 

I shall begin with the first head, relating to the French wherein your honours may please 
to take notice that the Great, and only advantage, which the enemy hath in those parts, doth 
consist chiefly in the nature of their settlement, which contrary to our Plantations, who 
depend upon the improvem' of lands &'', theirs of Canada has it's dependance from the Trade 
of Furrs & Peltry with the Indians, soe that consequently their whole study, and contrivances 
have been to maintaine their interest and reputation with them, which has been much 
augmented by that late foolish, and unhappy expedition from New England by S'' William 
Phips ; as also for want of due care of settlement in the Countrie of Nova Scotia after the 
taking of Port Royall &■= wherein by fatall experience we may lay it downe as a maxima, 
That those who are masters of the Indians, will consequently prevail in all places where they -^ 
are neglected as we have too much done ; the French are so sensible of this, that they leave 
nothing unimproved in this regard ; as first by seasonable presents, secondly by choosing some 
of the more notable amongst them, to whom is given a constant pay as a Lieutenant or 
Ensigne &■=, thirdly by rewards upon all executions, either upon us or our Indians, giving a 


certaine sume p'' head, for as many Scalps as shall he brought them fourthly by encouraging 
the youth of the Countrey in accompanying the Indians in all their expeditions, wiiereby they 
not only become acquainted with the Woods, Rivers, Passages, but of themselves may equall 
the Natives, in supporting all the incident fatigues of such enterprizes, which they performe, 
by advancing upon any exploite, the most forward and deserving, unto some office amongst 
the regular troops, or otherwise by procuring from France, some marke of honour, as a letter 
from the Minister, with some small pension, I have known one of this nature which did create 
such an emulation, that if the Earl of Frontenac had not restrained their forwardness for fear of 
leaving the Country naked, the whole body of their Youth would have perpetually been out in 
parties Sc' Fifthly but the great and most effectual means they have taken for the confirtaing 
their Indians, and for the subverting, or corrupting of ours, is that for some years ever since the war, 
they have from time to time transported into France, some of the most eminent and enterprizing 
Indians (not only of their own, but of ours whom they have happened to take their prisoners) for 
no other intent, than to amaze and dazle them wuth the greatness & splendour of the French 
Court and Armie where the king hath so thought it worth his countenancing as to send them 
into Flanders, where the Armies have been expressly mustered before them, to show their 
greatness, at the same time they are not wanting to insinuate to them our weakness, poverty 
and incapacity of protecting them, which they readily beleive, not having any other notion or 
Idea of Our Nation, force and strength, then what they see from our poor Settlem'^ about them, 
and from which they cannot expect sufficient support, so that even those of Our New York 
Indians, who have at all times been at perpetual enmity & war with theirs, & consequently 
with them, are now either turned to their side, or else stand doubtful what to doe, and for the 
fuller compleating of their designs herein, there are actually at this instant now att Versailles 
six Sagamoes, or chiefs sent from Canada, Hudsons Bay and Nova Scotia to sollicite such help 
and assistance against us, as if due and timely care be not taken to oppose them will I fear 
prove fatall, and when we come to see the consequence by the disturbance, and desolations of 
our Southerne Collonies, which when our Indians shall be wholly affi-ightened or gained to 
their sides, will at all times he easy for them to effect, by reason of their scituation upon the 
Lakes, and Rivers on the back sides of all our Collonies from New England to Carolina, I 
then say that these things will be come more obvious & sensible unto the Nation from the losse 
of that great revenue unto the Crown, which is drawn from the produce of those Countries, 
we have had usefull experience what may be done in this kind from the destruction, which 
has been made of the province of Maine, and a great part of New Hampshire, whereby we 
have in a manner lost our Mast Timber & fishing Trade &' 

Now having so far insisted on the advantages which our enemies have, and doe draw from 
our remissness &■= I shall further presume to offer what remedies I humbly conceive may be 
most proper for the prevention of their designs, and the mischiefs which otherwise will attend 
us in those parts &l' as first in regard of our Indians, no better methods can be taken, then by 
imitating the French, both as to their encouragements at home, as also to have some chiefs of 
the diverse nations of the Indians to be sent into England whereby to give a counterpoise unto 
the French reputation and greatness, (which a sight of the City of London and what else may 
be shewed them here ) or if need be in Flanders, will easily effect in as much, as those who 
shall be brought over cannot conceive any thing equall or greater then can be expose unto 
them, hereby upon their good usage returne home, and the report they will make; We shall 
influence and gain an esteem of our power, number, strength riches &■=, so that those who are 


our friends will be encouraged those who are wavering will be confirmed, and we shall ballance 
or equall our reputation to that of the French, witii those who are declared against us &', 
there are other things in regjinl of our Traflique and trade with them which will properly 
belong to the Governors who shall reside on the place, to establish such Justice and equality 
in our dealings with them, as may redress abuses in this kind, for where a full trust, and 
dependauce can be obtained, there love and inclination will follow, even amongst them as 
amongst other people. It were not likewise amisse to speak something concerning matters of 
Religion, which in a manner we have wholly neglected the propagation of, amongst them - 
except in some few parts near Boston, altho there be a very considerable fund or stock 
established in this Kingdom under the title of an Indian stock, to which do's itelong a Governor, 
and assistants, whose improvement is rather for an increase of said stock herein England, then 
for the instruction, incouragement, maintenance and conversion of the heathen, according to 
the intention of the Downers an enquiry herein might be of great use, and indeed the great 
neglects we are under in this regard are att once, both shamefull and injurious, whereas our 
enemies the French, by the zealous propagation of their superstitions &.' which they doe by 
Missionaries .always sent and maintained amongst them, may even at our doors, and with 
our Indians, I say that they do hereby insinuate themselves, unto our prejudice, so as to 
become Masters of the consciences of the heathen, and by consequence must always have 
them at their devotion &,% and tho' our Indians have often made complaints hereon, for want 
of the like due care & instruction yet little or no notice hath been hitherto taken thereof &"= 

Fourthly I must not oniitt the due encouragement which ought to be given to our hunters 
or bush-lopers as they are called about Albanie, so that in all the expeditions that our Indians 
shall from time to time make upon the enemy, they may be still accompany'd with some 
suitable number of our people both to accustome themselves as the P^rench doe, as also to enliven 
and back the undertaking, for otherwise it cannot be thought that they should always expose 
themselves in our quarell, whilst we remaine by our fires &' and at the same time the enemy 
is never wanting in their personall assistance unto their Indians ; wee are not without as good 
men as they, but want the like methods, discipline and encouragement, as for instance, in 
an action performed by one Skyler of Albanie, whilst I arrived at Quebec in the year 1G91 
where he made one of the most vigorous & glorious attempts, that hath been known in those 
parts, with great slaughter on the enemies part, and losse on his own, in which if he had not 
been discovered by an accident, it is very probable he had become master of Monreall, I have 
heard the thing i-eported so much to his honor by the French, that had the like been done by 
any of their nation he could never have missed of an acknowledgement, and reward from the 
Court fc"" tho I doe not hear of any thing amongst us hath been done for him, I speake this only 
to shew what discouragements our people are under, whilst the French neither omitt, nor spare • 
for the carrying on of their designs. 

Fifthly I am now to make another remark upon the principall, and greatest defect and 
mistake, in which we have been, and are yet under, I meane the number and independency of 
so many small Governments, whereby our strength is not only divided and weakened, but by 
reason of their severall interests, are become and doe in a manner esteeme each as foreigners 
the one unto the other, soe that whatever mischiefs doth happen in one part, tho rest by the 
reason of this disunion remaine unconcerned and our strength thereby weakened ; wiiereas 
were the Colonies of New England, Hampshire, Road Island, Conecticot, New York joined in 
one, we then should be near to [ten?] or 15 for one of those of the French in Canada, and 

Vol. IV. 27 


might reasonably propose, that instead of a hare defence, we might be in a capacity, with 
the assistance of some ships from England to make an entire conquest of that place, to which 
enterprise if the security of our interest in America, or if honor profitt or facility in the 
undertaking could be argument to induce we are thereby invited to be no longer negligent. 

I see not any particular advantage that our Nation can pretend unto in this present war but this, 
which is such that if known, would I presume be no longer omitted. I have herein to instance 
from the value of the traffique in Furrs and Peltreys, which is not less then about 200,000 
p' annum; whilst I was at Quebec, they esteemed to have had much above that value in the 
towne, since which upon their taking of fort Nelson, in Hndsons Baj^ they are become in a 
manner sole masters of that trade, and will be continually encroaching, unlesse we put some 
stop thereunto I am not ignorant of the difficulties that may be objected and the discouragements 
we are under from the unfortunate attempt of the late S' William Phips, wherein we could not 
reasonably expect much better, the affair being so rashly undertaken, without order, method, 
provisions or conduct and yet had the enterprize been well timed as to the season of the yeare, 
and the forces from Albanie proceeded, as was designed, the place had undoubtedly been ours, 
so that our miscarriage herein ought not to affrighten us from the attempt once more, wherein 
I shall further inlarge as for as is requisite, by giving what account I can, both of our own and 
enemies circumstance, their numbers and forces, as also the methods and ways lor the 
execution &■= 

I shall now close in what I have to say in discovering the reasons for my Jealousies of the 
French enterprising upon some or more of those places mentioned wherein j'our honors may 
please to take notice, that when I was removed from Angoulesme to the Bastile, I had sent 
unto me, to treat about the manner and circumstances of my release, the JMarquis de Chinry 
and Monsieur de Lagery who is the intendant Generall of the Commerce, and foreigne affairs 
of France, with whom after divers discourses, we fell into talk about Canada, New Yorke and 
New England on which we all agreed, in the wofuU and miserable state those Countries were 
in, on both sides from the barbarous cruelty of the heathen, and that nothing were more to be 
desired, than for some good accommodation if it could be found out to which was proposed the 
setting on foot, if possible the late treaty of Neutrality for those parts, which was conchided 
on in King James's Reigne, between the Lord Chancellor Jefferies and others that were then 
appointed, and the French Ambassadour Barillon, the difficulties tbat remained with us, was 
how to find out a way to treate and with whom, since tbat the French was at so great a 
distance, as not to acknowledge King William to be King of England &"= to which we found 
out this experience, that a power should be procured unto the respective Governors, on both 
sides to treaty and conclude in their own names during this war, whereon I as a private person 
demanded whether they thought such a thing might be agreable to the Court of France, and if 
so, whether they in their private names (without engaging the honor of the Crowne) would 
give me the assurance in case that the thing should be approved of in England, and the offer 
made unto them, that they should likewise accept it, they told me they would make the 
proposal unto Monsieur Panchartraine.i and so give their answer, in about a week afterwards, 
they came to me again, told me that there would be no difficulty in J'rance, the thing being 
very well liked of, and that I might make the motion, if I thought fitting, the matter remain'd 
in this posture for some time, untill the arrival of the Canada ships, and the six Indians I 
formerly mentioned, on whose applications things were so altered as did procure a petition 

' M. DE PoNTCHABTKiiN was Minister of the Mariuc. — Ed. 


from the Canada Company, for my further detention, as being dangerous to their interest, in 
case I were at liberty ; the tiling was discoursed before the King in Council, and if my 
affairs had not been so far ended with them, 1 should have been detained unto the end of the 
war; I was ignorant of these things until by a visit from some Gentlemen who came from 
Canada, I was told the reason of my long remaining in the Bastile and the danger, I was in 
but at length they were swayed by a point of honor to performe their words, since I had 
complyed in every Article unto their demands ; my passport was at last procured, and brought 
me by tlie aforesaid Monsieur de Lagny and the Marquis de Cheury, who told me that the 
sentiments of the Court were then changed concerning the neutrality, and that I should make 
no mention of it in England; I am since informed that Monsieur D'iberville he (who was 
their Commander att the taking of Fort iXelson) is appointed with considerable force to carry 
back the said Indians, and so to attempt upon the Coast, what he shall be directed unto ; I 
know the person to be a very enterprizing man, and what the effects may be, are rather to be 
feared than determined, especially if the state of those countries be reflected a little upon, 
being without Governour, Souldiers Officers, or fortifications, or at least such as are rather to 
be dispised then otherwise ; of all which the J-rench are noe ways ignorant ; I have heard 
them often discourse as truly and pertinently of those parts as any Englishman the best 
acquainted could ever doe &*= 

I am now to beg pardon for the weaknesse or length of this information, which I have 
thought to be my duty to offer unto your honors, shall at all times be ready to give what 
further satisfaction unto any particulars as may be required from me. This is what I have 
already given unto the Duke of Shrewsbury &"=, I shall proceed to discover their strength, 
and circumstances, which I annex with this a part &"=. 

[John Nelson, the author of the above paper, was a gentleman of Boston, of good family, and a near relative of Sir Thomas 
Temple. At the breaking out of the Kevolution, in 1C89, he succeeded in obtaining the surrender of the fort from Andres, to 
whom he had previously, with other of the principal inhabitants of that toTVn, addressed a letter, calling on him to deliver up 
the government On his way to Port Royal ("now Annapolis, N. S.), 'u 1691, Mr. N. was taken by a French ship, commanded by 
M. de Bonavcuture, and sent to Quebec, where he was treated with great liberality and regard by Count de Frontenae. Whilst 
there, he found means to give information, to the authorities at Boston, of an expedition fitting out against the coast of Maine, 
as well as of the condition of the capital of Canada. Tiiis having been discovered, he was sent oiT to France in 1693, where 
he was confined in a small hole, for two years, without opportunity of seeing any person but a servant who brought his victuals 
to a grate. A gentleman, who had taken notice of the person who carried the victuals from day to day, had the curiosity to 
inquire what prisoner was there, and to speak to him at the grate, and to ask if he could do him any service. Mr. Nelson 
desired no other favor than to have a letter sent to England, to inform Sir Purbeck Temple of his condition, which was done, 
and, soon after, a demand was made of his release or e.xchnnge. lie was then looked upon as a person of some importance. 
He was ssent to th*; Bastile, and, just before the peace of Ryswick, was allowed to go to England, upon his parole, and security 
given by a French gentleman for his return. [ It was during this temporary visit that he seems to have laid the above paper 
before the British government] Tlie peace being concluded, and he intending to return, was forbade to do it by King 
William; but, to prevent any trouble to his friend, he went, contrary to order, and surrendered himself. Being discharged, 
upon his return to England he was brought into trouble there, for going back to France contrary to the King's order, but at 
length returned to his family after ten or eleven years' absence. Byfield's Account of the Revolrttion in New-England, p. 4, 
in Force's Tracts, IV. Hutchinson's Historic of Massachusetts Bay, L, 376, 378. — Ed.] 


Abstract of tJie Memorial presented hy Messrs. Leister and Gowvernev/r. 

[Journal, IX., 142-145.] 

Whitehall September SS"- 1696. 
At a Meeting of His Majesty's Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 

Present — Lord Keeper M'' Pollexfen 

Earl of Tankerville W Locke 

S'' Philip Meadows M' Hill. 

Leisier and Gouv. M' Jacob Leislcr and M'' Abraham Gouvemier attending gave in a Memorial 
of the state of the Province of New York from the year 16S7. In which is 
(first) an account of Captain Leisler's conduct, and the consequences of it in the Revolution. 
Ingoldsby's opposition to Leisier. Leisler's imprisonment, Condemnation and death. 
Slaughter oppression of Leisler's party. Colonel Fletchers continuing to do the same. 
His packing of Assemblies. Misapplication of Publick money, and detaining persons that would 
come over to inform against him. 

They then added, that what concern'd the transactions in Captain Leisler's time was of 
their own knowledge. And what is of fresher date, is from letters and other Papers of good 
credit. They added also that the Passengers comeing from New Yorke, that they formerly 
mentioned to have been carried into Holland, they now heare, are Prisoners of France. But 
expect it will not be long before they may be exchanged and come over hither. 

After this they deliver'd in a Paper intituled Grievances at New Yorke from the 1" September 
1692 to the 31*' October 1695, which is signed by several persons of whom they gave the 
following characters 

John Hatchings a Lievetenant in the Kings standing forces, that went over with Colonel 

John Provost a Merchant of New York Citty, of considerable estate, who has lived there 
these fifty years in good repute. In Captain Leisler's time, he was of the Council and a 
manager of the business with the Indians at Albany, but has borne no office since. 

Gabriel Tomazen, a Trader with the Indians, he did live at Albany, but now at New Yorke, 
lie was Captain of a Company at Albany. 

Abraham Brazier, a Blockmaker, he has borne no office but in Captain Leisler's time. 

William Churcher, a Bricklayer, he has born Military offices. 

Meyndert Koerten, a rich farmer, that lives upon Long Island. 

Gerrard Beckman, a Doctor of Physick, has been Major of a Regiment in Captain Leisler's 
time, not since. 

The Contents of this paper are in substance as followeth. 

The first part relates to Captain Leisler's Government : Then follows 

7. 8. Major Gerrard Beckman and P : de Lanoy, were obliged to give their parole and 
bond not to depart this Province. 

9. Major Robert Leacock was kept prisoner in the feild to hinder him from voting for 

10. Captain William Churcher taken and kept prisoner when he came to vote. 

11. All such as had opposed this present Government in England advanced to places of trust. 

12. Most of the present Council opposers of the Revolution. 


13 Colonel Fletcher hinders f>ee Elections ; espetially the last, by bringing Soldiers with 
their Captains disguised and armed, to vote as freemen : And Seamen with clubs to deter 
the Electors. 

14 Free Elections in several of the Counties hindred and false returns made. 

16 Several persons call'd to account before the Supreme Court for assisting a Serjant, who 
had a Warrant from Captain Leisler, to secure William Nicholls (one of the Council present) 
for high misdemeanours (as his own letters testified,) Tbese persons were imprisoned, and 
two of them condemned by default ( their Council being iniprisond also and none to plead for 
tlieni ) in 500.£ damage. 

17 The money sent by other Colonies misimployed. The Governour would give no 
account of 40000^ rais'd to the Assembly. 

19 Money raised by this illegal Assembly (1000^) to send to England to maintain and 
defend their actions there. William NicoU sent. 

20 Fortifications of New York out of repairs, and not regarded. The Guns sent by the 
King not mounted, tho' 160i£ was given by the Assembly to do it. 

Tliey then produced also some letters. Two of which relate to Captain I^eisler's conduct. 
One from Robert Walter complains of the arbitrary election of their Assembly men. 

Another of the IQ"" October 1692 from Maurice van Nieuwenhuys to the same purpose. 

P. de Lanoy's letter of 15"" September confirms the 9"" and 10"" Articles before written. 
His letter of the 2^ October 1695 confirms the IS'*" and 17"" Article before written. 

Me7norial of Afessrs. Leider and Governeur rdating to Neio - Yorh 

[ New- York Papers, A. B. A. 13. ] 

The State of the Province of New York from the yeare of our Lord 16S7. 
16S3 In the veare 16S8 there were in this province about SOOO familyes out of 

8000 ftimilys 12000 •' r J 

flghungmen. whicli there might be raised 12000 fighting men, from 16 to 60 years of age. 

sr Edm. Aiidross In this vcarc and some time before, this Province was under S"" Edmund 

Govr "^ 

Franc Nicholson Audross Govemor of Ncw England, who by his Lieu' Governor Francis 

Lieul Govr ° •' 

Nicholson Esq' and seaven or more of his Councell had the government of this 
Province and raised taxes and exercised other legislative Acts without any Assembly 
c f . "'*'.■ XT In Aprill 16S9. those of New England who were well affected to the Protestant 

Sr E. A seized in N. * S 

fo'oe' KevoS!^ interest seized S' Edward Andross their Govern' and then declared in favour of 

the Revolution. Upon the arrivall of this newes in New Yorke in May following 

the Protestant party perceiving that M' Nicholson, S' Edmund Andross his Leiu* would not 

The Fort «tN. T. deckrc for his now Ma''' the people seized the Fort, and the Capt' of the Militia 

taken fr Nicholson r 1 ' 

The K. and a ^^ tumes Commanded, and soone after, those Cap"^ & the people- in generall 
proclaimed. proclaimed the King and Queene (soone after which M' Nicholson left New 

Nicholson leaves ^ o \ 

N- Y. Yorke) and then sent Circular letters to all parts of this Province to choose their 

Representatives for a Generall Assembly; which was done accordingly and in June following 


Leisiermadecomdr this Assembly mett and constituted Capt Leisler, Cap' of the Fort for their Maj"" 

in Cht-if by the -n i • T»r • i i x * . i r y^ • i 

Assembly. scrvice, till their jNIa"" pleasure were knowne. In Aug' then lollowing the same 

Assembly appointed the said Capt Leisler Comander in Cheif of this Province. 

In December then following there came to New Yorlv a messenger with a 

The K's lelKr to ye ° ° 

comderinchiec ]etter from liis Ma''^ thus directed (viz') To our trusty and Well beloved Francis 
Nicholson Esq'' our Leiu' Governor and Comander in Cheife of our Province of New Yorke 
in America and in his absence to such as for the time being take care for preserveing the peace 
and administring the lawes in our said Province of New Yorke in America. This letter was 
delivered to Capt Leisler (Nicholson liaveing been gone some months before) by which letter 
such as then comanded in Cheife were impowered to take upon them the governm' till 
Leisler by authority further Order. Under this Authority the said Capt Leisler continued Governor 

continued Govt 13 ^ /-i r ■ i i i i ■ i i ■ i 

months. about 13 mouths. feoone after Capt" Leisler had thus received autliority, he gave 

such assistance and incouragement to the Indians then in Amies against tlie French, that those 
cadaraqni taken. Indians took the fort of Cadaraque which fort is sayd to be about 260 miles from 
Albany. About 6 months after the French lost this Fort, they sent Agents to treate with 
French Agents to those Indians for a peace of which Capt Leisler being informed he likewise sent 
dlanV^wh^i^were ouB M"" Amold Comelissou Viele who was his Indian interpreter and in great 
seizcS!"^ esteeme witli the Indians to keepe them firme to the English interest, and thisM'' 

Arnold did soe effectually p''vaile that the Indians seized those French Agents, some of which 
they destroyed, but tlie Cheife viz' le Chevalier D'eau they sent prisoner to Capt Leisler who 
kept him in custody all the time of his governm', but was discharg'd from confinem' by Coll. 
Slaughter, and under Cap' Ingolsby's governm' made his escape to Canade. 

1S90. In January 1690. Capt. Ingolsby arrived at New Yorke with a Comission 

commi,SI"to''\)bey to obey the Comander in Cheife for the time being, but upon his arrivall be sent 
sen.isiirook in de- M'' Chidley Brooke (now Collector of New Yorke) and his Leiu' into the Fort 

mand ye Fort of ■' *■ ' 

Leisler. "o fefus- j-q Cant. Lcislcr and M' Brookes demanded the Fort to be delivered up to Capt. 

e3. Ingtilsby at- I r r 

tacksyeForu Ingolsby, which Capt. Leisler refuseing, Ingolsby witii his owne Company and 
several! others, waged warre against the Fort, and this M' Brookes threatened many that 
unless they would assist Capt. Ingolsby against Capt. Leisler they should be declared rebells & 
treated as such. 

Ingolsby calls to Cajjt. lugolsby Continued thus for 6 weekes calling to his assistance such as 
oppos-rsofye before opposed tlie revolucon and were of Andross his'Councell, which were 


afterwards of Coll. Slougliters Councell & still are of the p''sent Councell. 

cousianghter.Govr About G weeks after Capt. Ingolsbv's arrivall Coll. Slaughter who was made 

arrives; Leisler i o . •j 

sends to congratu- Qov"' of New Yorke, caiiic to New Yorke viz' 19 March 1G90. in the evening. As 

late his arrival. ~ 

8enti'"C'i.™r'd™'^ soou OS Capt. Lcisler was thereof informed, he sent two persons to congratulate 
hlin" ' "'"" ^ his arrivall, but Coll. Slaughter imprisoned them. Notwithstanding which Capt 
Leisler looke imediate care for the delivery of the Fort the next morning to Coll. Slaughter, 
w'^'' was done accordingly. 

Col. Slaughter at ye But CoU. Slaughter at the instigacon of one ISP Dudley, President of his 
Brooks &e impris- Couuccll, tliis JP Brookcs and severall others, treated Capt. Leisler and many 

oned Leisler (& ' [ J 

htaftlTi'igh'''"'"'* more as traitors, for not delivering the Fort to Capt. Ingolsby (whose Comission 
Treason. j^y exprcsse words was to obey the Comander in Cheife, which Capt. Leisler had 

beene by virtue of his Ma''" letter above 12 months before Cap' Ingolsby arrived.) Many of 
this Province upon Capt. Leislers being thus treated, fledd from New Yorke, others that remained 


were imprisoned as ryoters for acting under Capt T.eisler, and Capt. Leislcr w"" severnll others 
Pudicy, inRoisby indicted for lilgli Treason & murder, in holding out tlie Kort against Capt. Ingolsby, 
Judges. and tryed before l\r Dudley as President, Capt Ingolsby Rr Brookes and others. 

Leislcr insist.i>ipnn Capt. Leisler and M"' Mllbourne insisted upon his Ma"" authority, by vertue of 
by ye K-» i.iur ^^g before mentioned letter, and desired the Court (before they pleaded) to 

The Court would \ J I / 

foYhu"" ""*"" declare whether the said letter had not given Capt. Leisler an authority to take 
upon him the Governm' to this the Court would give uoe answer, unless Capt Leisler 
would plead, which Capt. Leisler and M' Milbourne refused to doe till that question was 
He & Melbourne auswered by the Court. Whereujion the Court gave judgm' against them both 
executed." *" as traiters and they were accordingly executed. This whole matter being 
proved before the Parliament in 1694 the Attainders of Capt. Leisler, M' Milbourne, and M' 
Governeur were by Act of Parliament reversed. 
Coll siauchter eaii Whilest Capt. Lcisler and severall of his party were, as before, in custody, Coll : 

an .\fa.niMv. lie- ' r J J 

fuses to n.imit such glguditer Called an Assembly, but such as were chosen and had beene well 

as were of Leisler s o ./ ' 

EiTli'vJiiiwto™. affected to Capt. Leslers interest, were refused to be admitted into the Assembly; 
ail oiher (rorwiwl which Asscmbly thus partially chose gave Capt: Ingolsby .£100. for what he did 
Leisler) out of ye agaiust Capt. Lcisler, and to another for the same reason £150. both summes out 

publick money. ° ' 

of the publick money and this Assembly declared what Cap' Leisler did was 
illegall and desired his execucon ; which was granted. 
siauRhters death C611. Slaughter continued about 5 months in the governm' and then dyed. 

Ingolsby Govr '^ n J 

Several proceeded Upou whose death the then Councell att New Yorke appointed Capt. Ingolsby to 

agst at Kyoters. 1 r i i o j 

be their Governor, and dureing his administracon severall were proceeded against 
as ryoters for what they did under Capt Leisler, and some of these p'tended ryoters haveing some 
time before given baile in £50, for their appearance came to England to informe the King and 
Councell, with the before menconed proceedings, and dureing their absence their estates were 
seized and their securityes proceded against and foure times as much levyed as the baile 
amounted unto. 
Others threatnedyt Othcrs werc threatucd that unless thev pleaded guilty to the indictment for a 

if Ihey did not . r o .■ 

plead piiiiy 10 ye rvott thcv sliould bc proceeded against as traytors, which they refuseing to doe, 

liyot, to be indicted J J 1 '^ J ' .' o ' 

for Treason. vvcre kept about eleaven nuiiuhs in custody, but were then discharged by his 

kept 11 ms in prison. '^ •' a j 

Ma"" generall order, which conianded the Govern"' of New Yorke, not only to 
discharge their persons but likewise to vacate the said recognizances and all proceedings thereon. 
Their effects not re- But notwithstanding neither the money or goods seized upon those recognizances 
reiSse."''"" "^"^ were restored. For Coll. Fletcher who was by their Ma"" appointed to succeed 
Coll. Slaughter was served with the said Order of his Ma"'' and his Councell, but refused to 
Coll. Fletcher refu- obcy the Same unles those prisoners would peticon him for their discharge; 

ses to re.'*tore their . ..,. ~\ \ • r^ itl u 

eiTects ihreainina thrcatning thcm that unless they did peticon hmi and his Councell lie would 

to hang them, if ihey ° j i. 

did not petition him. hang them. Whereupon they peticoned for their liberty and were discharged, 
but notwithstanding Coll. Fletcher had beene often peticoned for a restitucon of what had 
been seized by vertue of the before mentioned recognizances, noe restitucon could ever be 
had of any part thereof. 
Fletcher calls an Coll. Flctchcr soouc after his arrivall called a Generall Assembly, but finding 

Assembly; refuses 

those of Leisier-s that most of those chosen had beene well affected to Capt. Leislers interest, he 

party and orders a ^ 

Sen^aSnT^ie did refusc them and comanded the Electors to goe to a new eleccon. Upon 
Th™!. Put m"'" which second eleccon the same being again chosen, the Governor would not 
admitt them, but packed an Assembly of whom he pleased. 


1694. In the latter end of 1694 the then Assembly perceiveing that the publick taxes and 

EcfusM to this 

Assembly acct of revenue in about 3 veares had beene neare .£40000 and that the same was arenerally 

ye money rais'd & ^ cj j 

dissolves them. misapplyed, they desired the Governor that an Acco' might be given them how 
the publick moneys had beene disbursed ; but the Governor ( notwithstdnding at the first 
meeting of this Assembly he promised the same ) refused to doe itt, saying itt was the 
Assemblyes business to raise the money & the Governour and Councells to lay it out, and that 
he would give an acco' thereof to none but his Ma*'^; with which answer the Assembly not 
being satisfyed but still insisting upon an account, Coll Fletcher dissolved them. 

1695. In 1695. Coll. Fletcher called a new Assembly, but threatned those of the 

Cals a new Assem- 
bly. Threatens to Jagt, that if they came to any eleccons, he would shoot them, and thereupon 

shoot such of ye -^ •' '■ 

ctws'cn*' Seamen Iniposed upou the freeholders seamen and soldjers armed with clubbs and 
atye'iiecifoS"''' bayonctts, as electors, and by those electors packed an Assembly, who appointed 
M"' Brookes and M' Nicholls to come for England as their Agents to represent to 
his Ma'"^ the state of the Province. 

1694. In 1694 the Assembly gave Coll. Fletcher money to repaire the fortifications 

Money to repair ye 

"^''fr'd °^ ' ''"' °^ ^'^^ Citty of New Yorke, but the same was neglected and the money 


Besides the before raenconed miscarriages, there have beene many more particular abuses 

comitted too tedious here to be related; and the present Governor to prevent any discoveries 

Bonds required of of his male administracon, forceth such as he hath cause to suspect may come 

those that are abused, 

that they shall nut fgr England to give any informacon of his mismanagem' to enter into bonds not 

go to England to o o J a 

inform. ^^ depart that governm'. 

Wee whose names are under written can attest what is herein before menconed relateing to 

Capt. Leisler's governm' and sufferings, and as for the otlier abuses comitted since Cap' Leislers 

death, wee have received informacon thereof by severall letters from very credible persons still 

resideing att New York. 

( signed ) Jacob Leisler 
(signed) Abrah : Gouverneur. 

Wee lodge at M' Robert Swinfins in Crown Court in Broad Street neer the Excise Office, 
the second door at the right hand goeing in to the Court. 

Messrs. Leisler and Gawverneur's Account of the Grievances at New - YorTc. 

[New-Tork Papers, A.B. A.15.] 

Grievances at New Yorke from primo September 1692. to 31. October 1695. 

1 Short after the arrivall of Govern'' Ben : Fletcher he issued out a proclamation expressing 
therein that Her Maj' the Queen had ordered to sett y^ prisoners who at New York had 
assisted Kap' Jacob Leisler in the Revolution for their Maj'"" at liberty, but s** Gov"' before this 
proclamacon was published had tiireatened them in case they would not submitt w"" 
acknowledgement of faults, he would, & it was in his power, to execute and hang them. 


2. Severall persons addressed to GoV Ben Fletelier by peticons and verbally to bave tbeir 
amies again w'^'' were left in tbe Fort, at New Yorke, wben Gov' Henry Slougbter arrived, 
after tbe insurrection created by Cap' Richard Ingoldesby and the present Councill then only 
nominated, when Capt J. Leisler commanded y' people, in number about 300, to lay down 
their arms, w'''' tliey did ; then promise was made they should bave them again. This was 
not performed, but to tbe contrary detained from tbem with great abuses. At first some few 
received them back, but short after it tbe ill Councellors of the s'' Gov' advised him to the 
contrary, and he told the people they bad served an nnlawfull comander, deserved to be 
hanged and if bee bad been there, would bave done it to every tenth man ; so in the future 
could have no remedy again. 

3. Severall persons made addresse to Gov' Ben Fletcher for payem' of service done for his 
present Maj"' in y* time of Capt. J. Leislers administration, in the government, who were 
answered w' vilipendations they bad served a rebell and nnlawfull man, could expect no pay 
but rather punishment, and this was alwayes by y*" Councill inflamed in morlall adversaries 
to Capt J. Leisler and bis assistants under him in the time of tbe Revolution for his present 

4. That such persons who had laid out mony and goods for his Maj''" service in y^governm' 
when Cap' J. Leisler bad the administracon could not have satisfaction, but by tbe ill 
Councillors, kept out, they esteeming such goods to be stolen, & to be repaid by tbe persons 
who received them by the order of Capt J. Leisler then Comander in Cheif; by w'^'' great 
dissatisfaction was given, they wilfully makeing no distinction between a time of revolution 
and an other time. 

5. That Lieu' John Hutcbins Esq. who had the King's immediate comission was imprisoned 
at Albany c& so sent to A'. Yorke, and comeing before tbe Gov' B. F. was suspended, & kept 
out his pay, because be had favoured y' case of Capt. J. Leisler and the actors under bim ; in 
tbe first place, haveing send the people back that came to make the insurrection at Capt. R. 
Ingoldesby's arrivall, raised by the meanes of Joseph Dudley and Chidley Brooke, Collecto', 
for w'" their actions was no reason, and especially to the s"* Brooke haveing been admitted in 
bis Collectors place, before s-* time, by Capt J. Leislers order, w"" for him was all he could 
expect; and in tbe 2'^ place haveing by many perswasions indeavoured to hinder y* Gov' H. 
Slaughter not to order the execution of J. L. & J. Mill: it being against bis letter to the King 
for their reprieve and against his comission from his Maj"* 

6. That the unjust and considerable forfeitures taken in a violent manner from Capt. Jacob 
Mauritz and M' Johannes Provoost for non appearance to tbe Supreame Court at New \orke, 
w'"" was taken of by tbe Queens order and promised it should be repaid, and was never paid 
or brought amongst the debts of the government, onely to oppress them that had acted under 
Cap' J. L. they haveing been both of bis Councellors. 

7. That Major Gerrardus Beekman one of Capt. Jacob Leislers Councill bath been banished 
in y* Governm' by Gov' B. F. order, and forced to enter into a bond of good behaviour of 
^500 w' sufficient security not to depart this province ; only because he would send some 
money of his owne with others, to procure from his Maj"" a discharge of the durty actions 
brought against them upon pretence of law. 

8. That P. Dela Noy who bad been Mayor of New Yorke Citty and Collector in Capt. J. L. 
administration was also bound to give his parole not to depart this Province, on pretence y' the 
publick ace'" were paid by order of an unlawfull comander, w'^ ace'" were by Gov' B. F. 

Vol. IV. 28 


orders examined by two of the present Councill his adversaries, opposers of the Revolution, 
and conld have no other although required ; so never had any determination or satisfaction for 
disbursem" for the Governm' and continues under the same parole. 

9. That Major Robert Leacok who had been one of Capt. J. L. Councill was kept a long 
while by a Constable prisoner in the field to hinder him to give his vote for Representatives to 
sitt in the Assembly for the County of N. Yorke ; and this was done for to have in such 
members as would bee against Capt. J. L. actions. 

10 That L' W"" Churcher who had been L' in y= Forts at N. Yorke in y^ time of Capt. J. 
L. administration was in the feild apprehended, & thereupon imprisoned, when he came there 
in a decent manner as a freeholder to give his vote for Assembly men or Burgasses for his 
County N. Yorke ; w'='' was a breach of y^ free vote to cross y"" actors under Capt. J. Leisler. 

11. That such persons who in the time of Capt. J. Leislers administration had been 
rebellious and factious to destroy the interest of his present Maj"^ and to oppose his Authority 
then in the government, were advanced to places of trust both civill & military, and others 
who had acted under him kejit out, slighted and affronted, named creators of disorders, 
and rebells ; especially by them of the present Councell, they & others indeavouring to revenge 
in that nature. 

12. Tliat the most of the present Councell and especially those who had been concerned in 
y* late arbitrary governm' have been all along opposers of y' Revolution at N. Yorke in the 
beiialfe of his Maj"^ bitter enemies of Capt. J. L. and actors under him, the cheife promoters 
of his execution and of J. Mill: The continuation of such is and will be a grievance. 

13. That the Gov"' B. Fletcher hath obstructed, by his own actions and wincking at others, 
the free elections of the Representatives to sitt in the Generall Assembly, by severall 
threatnings, calling them that favoured Capt. J. L. case, rebells, in open feild, when came to 
give votes for the County of New Yorke ; and especially in y« last election, when sold" out of 
the Fort with their Capt. came w"" coloured coates to pass for free men, and armed w' 
bagonettes, and the seamen of his Maj''" ship Richmond w"" clubs to deter y*" people from 
voting for such members they would have; and suspecting a design was against them, y* 
major part went away without voting and full of dissatisfaction, lost their priviledge ; and this 
was done for to have them out that favoured Capt. J. L. case. 

14. That the elections for Representatives of the Province were also in severall Counties 
obstructed from free votes by some intregues and undue returns, all for y* same ends as afores'' 
to have in members who would be avers Capt. J. L. proceedings, to maintain their case with 
authority, and especially were the Gov"' Councell & others in authority against them that were 
condemned by the Supreame Court, calling them treators under the law & condemnation, 
altho' his Maj"« discharge was in the Province by an authentick coppy, w'"" was undervalued, 
and there was no admission of service, as appears in the person of Major Gerrardus Beekman. 

15. That Gov'' B. Fletcher hath alwayes favoured the adversaries contra Capt. J. L. w"^ was 
suspected to be augmented by some gifts from the Magistrates & others; so that the actors in 
y* Revolution for his Maj"" under comand of Cap' J. L. could have but little comfort and no 
hopes to have their grievances removed and made no further addresse. JNIajor Richard Panton 
one of the members of that Assembly who appointed Capt. J. I^. Capt. of the Fort and 
Comander in Chiefe, was ruined both in his personall and reall estate upon y' ace"; especially 
y' rebellious French were much in esteem. 

16. That severall persons were brought to answer before y° Supreame Court at N. Yorke for 
haveing assisted y' Seij' whoe had then a warrant of the Comander in Chiefe J. L. to secure 


W™ Nicolls (at present one of the Councoll) for high misdemeanor committed against his 
Maj"" authority then in the governm' as liis own U;tters made out, w'-"'' people were imprisoned, 
upon that ace" & two of them condemned by default their Atturney at Law being then 
imprisoned, could have none to answer for them. By a jury of inquiry ^500 damage was 
found. Att y'' next Court, the action was admitted for a new tryall, W^"" is to come: so guiltless 
persons were and are vexed in law against the Act made to regulate their pretended damages, 
onelv to cross such who luul acted under Ca[)t .1. L. Ibr his present Majesty. 

17. That the burthens of deteachement & taxes were exceeding prest upon this Province, 
when adjacent pLaces were most excused, so that the power of his ^laj"" sent to them to assist 
had but little eftect to assist for the fronteers, that little mony they gave was not imployed for 
that use, but spent by other incidentales, by w'"' our taxs could not be made a penny less. But 
his Maj'-" was gracious to ease our burdens, paying all the militia at home, w'^'' was never done 
before, but the Administrators here augmented y"' burthens, that all y*" income taxes being 
neere ^40000 by calculation were not enough to pay the charges, where of the Assembly 
could not have, when required, a satisfactory ace"; but answer was made they had nothing 
to doe with it ; the Gov"' and Councill were to answer itt. This was dissatisfaction for the 

IS. That the Dutch Ministers in the Province did preach against the actors in the Revolution 
under Capt. J. L. comand, by what instigation the know, that they had deserved by their 
rebellion great punishment and were to acknowledge their faultes ; y* people sensible of their 
just case, could not indure to hear such sermons, they were opposers of the Revolution. The 
Minister of N. Yorck' eould not find in his heart to pray for their Maj"" as was required, till 
Capt. J. L. did give him a forme. At y'= arrivall of Govern'' H. Sloughter when Capt J. L. and 
all under him as much as they could gitt were imprisoned, he was overjoyed, and tooke his 
text out 27 Psalm, he should liave perished if he had not Iioped to see y' good in the land of 
y* living, and Saul like had a good like in the destruction of y" innocent ; and how instrumentall 
at the time of execution, is notorious. 

The Minister at Albany* denieth to pray for the King, did it onely for the Crown, would 
observe no orders of Capt. J. Leisler, kept correspondence w' a Jesuit at Canida w"'' .Jesuit by 
a letter called him Amicus honoratissimus, & y' they had onely warr with such who were not 
at y* side of y^ King, inflamed the people much against Capt. J. L. made him black b}' his 
letters to Europa of w"^'' he him selfe was ashamed, boasted one of such letters could destroy 
him. was bitterly against the Revolution. 

'l"he Minister of Nassow Island is deceased^ was first for the Revolution and brought the 
Country unanimis to act; but afterwards being seduced, was brought to a contra opinion and 
created division, was suspected by y' people, especially about a contrivance to take the Fort, 
for w''"' was tryed condemned, fined, imprisoned and upon subjection to Capt. J. L. released 
without fine ; for this was much aflected to Capt. J. L. execution and made intollerable 
sermons and died without y" least reconsiliation. 

19. That by permission, y= Gov' being at Albany, when y* Act of reversing y' Attainder 
from Capt J. L. and others, came to the Province, much money was given and collected by 
maintainders of the actions of Capt. R Jngoldesby and Councill supposed to be against Capt. 
J. L. and actors under him their actions, under a colour to do good to y" Province aud send 

' Rev. Mr. Selvns. Documentanj fjixlor;/ of A'ew-Yorh, 11., 8vo., 431; -Ito., 247. — Er>. 
' Rev. GoDFRinus Deluvs. Ihid. " Rev. RinoLPiifs Varick. Ibid. 


some for England to defend their actions, as if tiiey could contend w"" supream authority in 
passing the Act. 

The Gov'' returning it was concluded w' y"" major votes of the Members of the Assembl}- (how 
arbitrary some of them came in is before demonstrated) to send an Agent & to raise a tax of 
^'1000; to that end W"" Nicholls, one of the Councill, was voted & appointed, an unreconsilable 
enemy to Capt J. L. and all actors under him, b}" his letters threatned to destroy them and 
make them exampels to all rebells, vexing at present people upon y' acco". This 
brouglit dissatisfaction, most people saith it was not free Assembly and would not paj' tax for 
such an Agent, wlioe under colour to act for the Province with others that doe goe over, 
should worke out their sinister designs. 

20. That the maintenance of the frontiers at Albany had a dislike by severall, by y'' ill 
actions of the Capt"' wereof some had two comissions one of his Maj'"^ and one of y' Govern'' 
creating duble payments. The appointed number seldom came there, but sometimes a fourth 
part and more less, and still when the appointed time was expired, mony was Ibuud siiort 
altho' sufficientl}' provided for. 

The fortifications allmost out [of] repairs in y'' Citty of New Yorke, y'' Bulworkes not reguarded 
but one at y" water side disposed of to private service, the great sums [Guns] sent b}^ his jMaj">' for 
the Citty not erected, altho .£100 was long since granted by y^ Assembly to performe the same, 
no powder (not so much as any stok known) belonging to the Citty or annother warrlike 
atlaires at present in being to resist an enemy, so that no officers upon a sudden invasion are 
able to defend their posts, there being no publick stok for y'' Citty required in time of warr. 

21. That the opposers of the Kings interest in y'^ time of the Revolution under Capt. J. L. 
administration for y* most part by credible information have given private depositions to clears 
them at present in authority, and declare against Capt. J. L. proceedings ; all w"*" may bee easily 
evinced when known, and are undermining manners easily to be done when is approved by 
the authority. But truth will overcome all, w"'" wee know is come to light & will be 
maintained by his most Excellent majesty. 

The premisses are Grievances past and to be removed out y^ province of New Yorke, all 
which can be deposed when required. 

(signed) John Hutchins 

(signed) Johannes Provoost 

(signed) Gabriell Tomase 

(signed) Abraham Etaffiet' 

(signed) William Churcher 

(signed) JMeyndert Hoerten^ 

(signed) Gerardus Beeckman. 

' Brazieb. Ante p. — Ed. ' Koeeten. Ibid. 


Letter from Peter De La JS'oy relative to Governor Fletchei^a Conduct. 

[New- York Pnpprs. A. B.A. 85.] 

N. Yorke 13"- June 1695. 

I have received yo'' letter by Cnpt Harbin w"" y' inclosed W^'' 1 shall forward to your friends 
according to your directions. I luunbly thank you for your news of Europe, and I return you 
the best account of our condition here vV'' though perhaps not worth the knowledge of many 
people in England, yet because you desire it, and it in some measure concerns your interest in 
this Country, I hope may not prove alltogether unacceptable to you. We are under the 
common calamity of war, as you are, but want the blessing of a free government and our 
ancient libertys W^"" you so eminently enjo}' in England and make the war easie to you. I 
remember the remark you made when our present Govern'' was sent hither, viz', that he was a 
necessitous man who vou fear'd would therefore more consider the advancement of his own 
private fortunes than the j)ul)lick benefit of the Province; and I can now assure you we 
found you a true prophet, and wish you could foretell our deliverance as well as you did our 
oppressions from this arbitrary man. 

At his first arrivall here he insinuated into the inhahitants the great interest and credit he 
had at Whitehall, w"^'' would baffle any complaints that could be made against his administration 
and this back'd with the grandeur of a Coach and six horses (a pomp this place had never seen 
in any former Govern'' no more than himself been us'd to it in liis own Country,) struck such 
a terr'' into the people, as easily prepard 'em for the pack-saddles he has laid upon 'em. To 
recount all his arts of squeezing money both out of the publick and private purses would make 
a volume instead of a letter, & therefore I shall only mention some few of the stratagems that 
from thence you may guesse of this Hercules by his foot. The Assembly as is usuall to new 
Govern''' made him a complement, and gave him a penny in the pound of the inhabitants 
estates. The Assess''' observ'd the method formerly practised in such cases, but his Excellency 
thinking the some not sufficient (though it amounted to above .£600) accus'd 'em of partiallity 
& threatned to comit 'em to goal for not assessing the inhabitants high enough. He takes a 
particular delight in having presents made to him, declaring he looks upon 'em as marks of 
their esteem of him, and he keeps a catalogue of the persons who show that good manners, as 
men most worthy of his favo'' This knack has found employm' for our silversmiths and 
furnish'd his Excellency WMth more plate (besides variety of other things) than all our former 
Govern" ever received. Such clowns as dont practise this good breeding, fall imder his frowns, 
or a haughty glance of his eye at least, if they dont feel the weight of his hands. The Souldiers 
one would think were but a poor game for so great a man to prey upon, but yet they feel their 
share of his hungry avarice. I was lately informed by one of the Council at Albany that his 
Excellency takes 10' p' an : out of every one of their subsistence money, & if the furnishers of 
that money cannot by reason of the rise of provisions subsist 'em for b^ p'' day, they are order'd 
to raise it 5.^'' of purpose that his 10' may be secur'd. Some Officers he makes his fav'^ites who 
are his tools and pimp to his frauds upon the publick. He has made the Lieutenant of his 
own Company of Grendiers at New York, at the same time, a Captaine of Fusileers at Albany, 
and permits the Lieutenant of Grandadiers at Albany to go Masf of a ship to Jamaica, 
England, or where else he pleases, and to enjoy his pay all the while : in which his Excellency 
goes a snack. He made one ^V Hancock, a profligate fellow. Sheriff of New York and though 
that varlet stab'd a poor Frenchman in prison without any provocation, yet he was continued 


in his office till his villanys made him to scandalous even for his Excellencj^'s patronage. He 
very often takes his progress to Connectucut, Pensylvania, and other places, and all that tyme 
lives suitable to his character, but his table is maintained at the charge of the province without 
any abatement of the salary tlie King allows him for that purpose. His pride and arrogance 
to all the neighbouring Govern" has been a great detriment to this Province & frequently the 
occasion of retarding that relief which was necessary, and would otherwise have been afforded 
us in time of extreamity. Instead of that fair understanding aird correspondency w"^*" became 
men in their posts, S'' Will"" Phipps and he maintained a paper war betwixt themselves and 
constantly exchang'd scurrilous letters, which upon a strict enquiry I find wholly owing to the 
haughtinesse of our Govern"' His vanity is as remarkable as his other qualitys I have 
mention'd of which the following instance will give you a sufficient proof. In Feb^ 1G9|. when 
the French burnt the Maquasse castles. Coll Fletcher upon the news of it embark'd himselfe & 
some trainbands of New York & haveing the advantage of a fair wind arriv'd in two days at 
Albany which is distance from hence 144 miles ; from Albany he went to Schenectida and 
sent his men to Maj'' Shuyler who comanded the party in tlie Woods; but the French were 
beaten and run away before these men came up to Shuyler. However our Generall was 
resolv'd not to lose the glory of his expedition, but at his return to Albany the Comand"' of 
that Fort was order'd to draw up his forces in their arms for receiving his Excellency and 
salute him with the discharge of all the great guns. The Mayor and Aldermen were 
ordered to make an humble addresse of thanks & a present for his so speedy coming to 
their relief, and the noble exploits he perform'd for them. The poor people had abundance 
of gratitude and were ready for an addresse, but pleaded their impoverishment by the war 
against making a present. The Indians who are a very discerning people saw through the 
man, and complemented him with the Indian name of Kayenquiragoe, which signifies in 
English Great Swift Arrow. His Excellency, who never was wanting to set a full value on 
his own worth construed this name to be a significant adknowledgni' of the swiftnesse of his 
expedition (which by the way he was beholden to the whid for) but the cunning Indians as I 
was since inform'd design'd it as a droll upon the man and his vain glory; for they haveing 
enquired into his name understood that Fletcher is the name of a trade, viz' of an Arrowmaker,^ 
bestowed that Indian name upon him as a sarcasticall pun. However puff'd up with the 
Albany addresse and the Indian complement, he returnes to New York, where his tools 
procured him another addresse and a present of a golden cup worth ^120. which they took up 
at interest and owe at this day. This is the famous expedition and these the glorious 
addresses which he sent over to the Plantation Office in England and caus'd to be printed 
there^ for spreading the renown of his American Atchievements. Poverty you know Sir is but 
a poor protection against power, and this the Albany men experienced the next time his 
Excellency visited that place. For when he found that he could not wheedle a present out of 
'em, he made use of his authority to get one in this manner. He ordered two of the principall 

' Flechier, Fr. An arrow maker. — Ed. 

« Kennett's Bibliothecce Americanne Primordia gives the following, which was probably the title of the pamjihlet : " A 
Journal of the late actions of the French at Canada with the manner of their being repulsed by his Excellency Benjamin 
Fletcher, their JIajestic's Governor of Kcw York, impartially related by Col. Nicholas Reyard, and Lieutenant Colonel Charles 
Lodowick, who attended his fixcelleney during the whole Kxpedition. To which is added : 1. An Account of the Present 
State and Strength of Canada, given by two Dutchmen, who have been a long time prisoners there, and now made their 
Escape 2. The Kxamination of a French Prisoner. 3. His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher's Speech to the Indians. 4. An 
Address from the Corporation of Albani/, to his Excellency, returning Thanks for his Excellency's early Assistance for their 
Relief. Linenscd Sept. 11, IflOS. London, Printed for Richard Baldwin, 169.3. ito, p. 22." — Ed. 


gates of the Citty where the Indians used to enter, to be shut up, cautiously alledging the danger 
of keeping open so many gates during the war; severall poor traders who had built tiieir 
houses near those gates purposely for tiie Indian trade would have been ruin'd if these gates 
had continued shut, and therefore rais'd a contribution of fifty or sixty of their- best furs 
which they p'"sented to his Excellency & tiiereby removed his Excellencys apprehensions of 
the danger those gates exposed the Citty to ; for at tlie request of the May'' & Aldermen the 
gates were opened again & the Citty as safe as when they were shut. Tiiis account I had 
from one of the contributors to the present. I had almost forgot another useful piece of 
policy lie has to get money. We have a parcell of pirates in these parts which [people] call 
the lled-Sea men, wiio often get great bootys of Arabian Gold. His Excellency gives all due 
encouragement to these men, because they make all due acknowledgem"* to him; one Coats 
a captain of this hon"''" order p'"sented his Excellency with his ship, which his Kxcellency sold 
for ,£800. and every one of the crew made him a suitable p''sent of Arabian Gold lor his 
protection ; one Capt. Twoo who is gone to the Red Sea upon the same errand was before his 
departure highly caressed by his Excellency in his coach and six horses and presented with a 
gold watch to engage him to make New York his port at his return. Twoo retaliated the 
kindness with a present of Jewells ; but I can't learn how much further the bargain proceeded; 
time must shew that. 

These things though bad enough in any officer and more particularly in the Gov'' of a 
Province, yet me thinks are of mucii less malignity than what 1 am now going to add, and 
that is the base and insolent behavio'' of our Govern"' tor'ds a Generall Assembly. This we 
account the barriere and guard of our libertys and propertys, but it signifies very little since 
his arrivall. If any act for the benefit of the people be desired to passe, he sells it 'em as dear 
as he can, and if they will not rise to his price they must goe without it. The people of 
Sopus to obtain the Act called the Bonlting Act (which you understand the meaning of) were 
forc'd to pay severall hundred pounds, and because the undertakers for the money were 
puzzeird to raise it by any other meanes, they jumbled it with tlie puhlick tax which swell'd 
it so high & made it so heavy as had well nigh occasion'd a mutiny. 

The Assemblys have been ready to raise money even beyond the abilitys of the Country ; 
some of w'"" they appropriated to pay off the particular debts contracted for the support of the 
Governm'; part of this money had been diverted to other uses and therefore the Generall 
Assembly desired an account of it, as well to vindicate themselves to the Country as to trace 
out the misemployment of the revenue. But this was lookd upon by his E.xcellency as an 
intollcrahle piece of sawcinesse, for which he first brow beat 'em, then threatened 'em, and at 
last punish'd 'em with a dissolution. A new Assembly was to be chosen, and that it might 
be agreeable to his Excellencys own iium'' he us'd as many sinister tricks as you have ever 
heard complain'd of in yo'' House of Commons in England. He made severall seamen and 
souldiers freemen of New Yorke, of purpose to qualify 'em to vote in the election of Assembly 
men threatened the inhabitants who were inclined to vote for the old Assembly men, to presse 
'em and jnit 'em on board a man of war, which lyes all the year long in the Road, not half 
mann'd, of purpose to terrify the poore seamen. His passion transported him so far at last, 
that he swore he would shoot any man through the head who durst appear to vote for the old 
Assembly men. By these meanes he gan'd his point, for the people terrified with the 
apprehension of being press'd and sent away from their familys durst not appear or stay in the 
field, but left him to choose whom he pleas'd. The Assembly of Pensylvania received but 
little better usage from him during his government of that province. He quarrell'd with them 


for refusing to give iiim a lialfpenny per pound out of tlie tax of a penny per pound which 
they rais'd tor'ds carrying on the war, and was so stiff in tliis particular that he wearyed out 
the obstinacy of yo'' freinds and carryed liis point. 

In short S'' no body lives tolerably under him but those who submit themselves to be his 
creatures and in his interests, such as the Judges & other officers who are dependant of him. 
His accounts indeed are pass'd by the Councill, but when such jobbs are to be done, his 
creatures only are summoned such as I mentioned before, who dare not oppose Iiim, but are 
forced to approve what he requires. After this all you will perhaps wonder when I tell you 
that this mans bell ring twice a day for prayers and that he appears with a great affectation of 
piety, but this is true, and it is as true that it makes him only more ridiculous, not more respected. 
For we are a sort of downright blundering people that measure mens piety more by their 
practice than by their pretence to it, or ostentation of it. Wiiat I have writ and much more, 
will be prov'd if the people might be countenanced to doe it, but the app'hension of his great 
power at Court discourages them from attempting it, lest a miscarriage should provoke him to 
a yet more barbarous usage of 'em and force 'em to leave the Province as many hundred have 
done since his arrivall there. I will undertake that if any neighb''ing Govern'' shall be 
commissionated to take an account of the peoples grievances upon oath, the inhabitants shall 
cheerfully bear the charges of such comission, and make such full proof of his arbitrary and 
illegall administration as will satisfy the Lords of the Comittee of Trade and Plantations that 
this is a very unfit man to rep'sent the Great Restorer of the English Libertys. 

And now S' that I have told you our distemper you will easily guesse at the cure we desire. 
It is the removall of this man, and we are not soUicitous whether he is gently recall'd or falls 
into disgrace, so we aVe rid of him. If I may p''sume to tell you my thoughts what would be 
for the safety of these countreys I wish his M;ij'^ would plnce a Genei'all Govern'' over New 
England, New York and the Jerseys, so aS the Assemblys, Courts of Judicature and Laws of the 
respective colonys may remaine and be kept separate and entire as they now are; for our laws 
& manner of trade are different from one another and the distance betwixt us would make 
very uneasie for the rest of the Provinces to resort to any one for comon justice. But a Union 
under one Govern'' would be very convenient and particularly in time of war, and be a terrour 
to the French of Canada, who assume a boldnesse purely from our divisions into seperate 
bodyes and the picjues that are to comon amongst the severall Govern"'' of which the French 
don't want a constant intelligence. Besides such a Union under one Gen" Govern"' will be a 
nieanes of making an easie conquest of Canada, which if effected, would make His Maj"'= 
Emper"' of North America secure the sole trade of Beaver to England, and defray its whole 
charge out of the booty to be found there. To satisfy you I don't say this at a venture I doe 
assure you the English in these Colonys out number the French of Canada no lesse than in the 
proportion of twenty to one, and what might not such a force united effect against so small a 
body, and yet this handfuU of French are continuall thornes in our sides ; which is wholly 
owing to our seperate government. Sir, besides your own comands, I have been importuned 
by many Gefit. of this Province to give you an account of our circumstances, and to beg your 
advice and assistance to deliver us out of 'em, which will be a charitable and generous act, to 
the whole Province, and the greatest pleasure to as well as obligation upon. Sir, 

Your most humble serv' 
(signed)' P. D. La Noy* 

* This signature is cancelled in the original. — R. L. 


The Lords of Trade to Governor Fletcher. 

[ New- York Entries, A. 25.] 

To Coll: Fletcher Gov' ettc 

His Majesty having heen graciously pleased, hy His Commission under the great seal of 
England, to autliorise and constitute Us his Commissioners for promoting the trade of this 
Preamble Kingdom and for inspecting and improving His Plantations in America and 

elsewhere, We have thouglit fitt to acquaint you tliat it is His Maj'-*' pleasure and express 
Command that the Governors of all his foreign phuitations do from time to time give unto us 
infomiiiiion of uie freouent and full information of the State and condition of their respective 

SUile of Ilie pro- ' 

Tinco required. Govcm" and Plantations, as well with regard to the Administration of the 
Govern' and Justice in those places as in relation to the Comerce thereof; and more particularly 
that the said Governors transmitt unto Us yearly accounts of tiieir said Administriition, by 
way of Journal ; Together witii the acts of the Assemblies in the respective plantations and 
Puwick Bccounu exact accounts of all money given for publick uses, and how the same is from 
time to time expended or laid out. All which things, you are therefore accordingly to observe 
in relation to the Province of New York committed to your charge. 

Particularly we desire and require you, by tlie first opportunity to send us a compleat list 
Persons to supply of the uauies of the Present Council of the Province and together witli that a 

Yaeaneies in llio 

a.unciii- furtlier list of the names and characters of such persons as you thinke proper to 

Names of the pros- . i • i ^^ •! i* ^ tt 

ent Council. Supply the vacancyes that may happen either in the Council according to Her 

late Maj'^"'* instructions dated the T"" day of March 169^ or in any other Office, wherein they 
are to be confirmed, by His Maj''''' approbation. 
Number of inhabi- Aiid further wc deslrc you to inform us what number of Inhabitants there 

tanla. •' 

are within that whole province? What of Freemen? and what ot Servants, 
white and Black ? 

How decreased? To what dcgrco are those numbers decreesed since your entrance upon that 
Government, or since the last estimate, that you understand to have been made of them, 
now to prevent the What Way do you conceive most proper to prevent the removal of the 

removal of Inhabi- *> J • /- i • 

tauisv Inhabitants out of that Province into any of your neighbouring Colonies — 

MUiUa. What is the whole number of the Militia of that Province? 

commodiues. What Commodities are exported Irom that Province to England ? 

Trade. What trade is there either by exportation or importation with any other place? 

and from whence is that province now furnLshed with supplyes (particularly of any 

Manufactures. mauufiictures ) that it was wont to be furnished withall from England. 

CTe'^^Hf Traro. How is the trade of that province increased or decayed of late years? and 

what hath been the reason of such increase or decay? 

luegai Trade. What are the present methods used to prevent illegal trade ? and what furtlier 

methods do you thinke advisable foj- that purpose. 

Ships* Seamen What number of ships or other vessels are there belonging to that province, 

and what number of sea-faring men? 

Ships built there. What number and what sorts of those Vessels have been built there? 

Naval stores. What Naval Stores of any sort (Masts, Timber, Pitch, Tar, Rozin, Hemp, 

Vol. IV. 29 


Saltpeter ettc) is that province able to furnish ? More particularly is the Tar made there as 
good for shipping and cordage as that of Sweden ? 

Tar and Uemp. Is there an increasB in the Quantity of Tar and of Hemp made in that province, 

as you gave reason to hope in your letter to the Lords of the Treasury the lo"" of Aug : 
1693. and if not, how comes so profitable a designe to have been hinder'd"? and how may 
it yet be promoted"? 

Manufactnres. What Other Mauufactures are settled in that province, of any sort whatsoever? 

Train Gyle. What quantities of Train Oyle are made, annually in Long Island? and what 

Fishery. Other improvement in any sort of Fishery is or may there be made upon that coast? 

To all which enquiries We also further desire you to add whatever else you may in your 
owne prudence thinke conducive to His Maj'^'^ service, to the interest of England, to the 
advantage of that particular province and to our assistance in the discharge of the trust 
reposed in us. 
Several of his let- And uow in the last place we are to acquaint You that several of your letters 

ters and other ^ * '' 

papers received. jj^yg \,e:Qw transmitted to US, viz'. The copy of one of the SO"" May to His 
Grace the Duke of Shrewsbury ; another of the same date to M"" Blathwayt and another of 
the same date with two of the 10"" June to the R' Hon*"'' the Lords of the late committee for 
Trade and Plantations, and together with those letters a packet of several papers relating 
to the affaires of that province, but no list of the said papers, which ought to have been 
sent along with them. 

Laws. We finde also that these acts of your Assembly that we have received (which 

are dated from the 25"' of March to the 24"" April last) are not under the seal of your province; 
which gives us to suppose that some other more authentick copy of the same (under seal) has 
miscarried. And therefor we must desire you to send us yet another copy of the same, in 
authentick form ; And for the future to send all the duplicates of your Acts in the same 
manner; that whichsoever of them arrives first may be authentick. 

Present for the ^ '^ hope you have before this time received the presents for the Five nations 

Indians. Q^ Indians, that were ship'd by M' Heathcote and parted from England in may 

last and that by the distribution thereof amongst them you will have been inabled to keepe 
those Indians firm to the English interest. 
Richmond FrieaL The remainiuij subjects of your letters about the Richmond Frigat, your 

lulistingsouldiers O J .; o ' J 

subsistance Quota, inlistiug of mcu Their subsistauce, the quota, and other things we shall lay 
before His Majesty. — 

So we bid your heartily farewell 


[Your Loving friends 


Tankerville — W° Trumbull 
Ch: Montague Ph Meadows. 

Jn° Pollexfen Jn° Locke 

Whitehall Sepf aS"- 1696. Abr: Hill 

[ The words within brackets are added from the record of the above letter in Book of Commissions, II., 80-83, in Seeretary'a 
Office. — Eu ] 


Report of the Lords of Trade on the Northern Colonies in America. 

[ Plnntalions General Entries, XXXIV., (A.) 69. ] 

To their Excellencies tlie Lords Justices 

In obedience so your Excellency's Command of the 20 of August last, we have read the 
papers thereunto annexed, which leading us unto the consideration of the present state of his 
Majesty's Plantations in the North Continent of America we find that his Majesty hath been 
at the charge of sending four Conipanys from hence thither, and for the maintaining of them 
there for many years last past, We are also told (for we cannot yet get a siglit of the accounts) 
that that little province, besides the loss they have sustained at sea, as Coll : Fletcher their 
Governor writes, hath been at above i'30000 charge in securing their Frontiers against the 
attempts of the French, and the Indians joined with tiiem ; this great burden having been 
thought too heavy to be borne by this single province, which was as it were the outguard to 
his Majesty's neighbouring Plantations in America, Her late Majesty of ever blessed memory 
was pleased to write to the Governor of Mrginia, Maryland, Pensilvania and New England to 
agree upon a Quota of men or other assistance to be given by each Colony or province for the 
defence of New York as occasion should require, but by the pretence or various pretences of 
the several provinces, the intended Quota having not been settled and the Colonies concerned 
not coming to any agreement according to her Majesties direction, she was pleased for the 
preservation of those plantations to establish the following Quota 1094 viz : 

Men wmi their OFncEBS 

Connecticott 120 

Rhode Island 4S 

Massachiisetts 350 

Maryland IGO 

Virginia 240 

New York 200 

Pensilvania SO 

And to signifie her pleasuee to those provinces that that Quota of men, or the value of the 
charge of maintaining them should be the measure of assistance & be given by the said 
provinces respectively for the defence and security of New York, which order her Majesty by 
reason of the distinct and independent Governments and interests of those his ]\Iajesties 
provinces hath very uncertainly and imperfectly been complyed with, some of them having 
sent more some less in proportion to their several Quota's, & some none at all. 

His Majesty has subjects enough in those parts of America, not only to defend themselves 
against all the attacks they may apprehend from the French in Canada, and the Indians joined 
with them, but even to drive them out from thence, but they are so crumbled into little 
Governments and so disunited in those distinct interests that they have hitherto afforded but 
little assistance to each other, and seem as they now are, to be but in an ill posture, and a 
much worse disposition to doe it for the future. And it is almost incredible that his Majestys 
Governor of New York in the middle of above forty thousand English that he has in his 
neighbourhood should say as he does, that he has but tlie four Companies his Majesty sent, 
and are in his Majesty's pay, their to rely on for the defence of that frontier, in case of any 
attempt from the French. 


We having with our utmost care considered this whole matter are humbly of opinion 

1. That there is force enough in those plantations to resist and repell all attempts may be 
made upon them by the neighbouring French, and their Indians, nor can it be imagined that 
so great a number of English there, should thinke it much to employ their own hands & purses 
in the defence of their own Estates, lives and families ; but should expect to be wholly 
supported from England, which hath spent so much blood and Treasure in tiie carrying on so 
lasting and expensive a war. 

2. We humbly conceive that the strength of the English there cannot be made use of with 
tiiat advantage it ought for the preservation of those Colonies unless they he united, no though 
his Majesty should be att the charge to send more force from hence ; for if as is pressed by the 
Governor of New York, the souldiers that his Majesty has there in pay should be made up full 
500, that indeed might be a garrison able sufficiently to secure Albany against the French, but 
not the other plantations, since the French would certainly then decline that fortress and 
endeavour to make an impression upon some of the other provinces, careless of their own 
defence and not so well guarded. 

•3. That a great part of that Countrey being by Grants from the Crown in the hands of 
private Proprietors, and so cannot possibly be united under one Governor, We are humbly of 
opinion, that there can be no other way of uniting the forces of those several! plantations to 
make them etlectuall for the preservation of the whole, but by putting them all under one 
Military head or Capt : Gen' which that his iSIajesty has a power to doe, both the necessity of 
the preservation of his people in time of danger must needs satisfye every reasonable man as 
well as the judgement of his Majesty's Attorney and SoUicitor Generall given the 2 of April 
1694, convinces us that it may be done by law, their words in answer to a retierence made to 
them concerning this matter, are as followeth 

We are humbly of opinion that the Charters and Grants of these Colonies, Viz : Connecticott, 
Rhode Island, Providence, East & West Jersey do give the ordinary power of the Militia to 
the respective Governors thereof, but do also conceive that their Majesties may constitute a 
Cheif Commander, who may have authority at all times to Command or order such proportion 
of the forces of each Colony, or Plantation, as their Majesty's shall think fit, and further in 
times of invasion & approach of the enemy with the advice of the Governors of the Colonies 
to conduct & command the rest of the forces for the preservation & defence of such of those 
Colonies as shall most stand in need thereof, not leaving the rest unprovided of a competent 
force for their defence and safety, but in time of peace when the danger is over, the Militia 
within each of the said provinces ought, as we humbly conceive to be under the Government 
and disposition of the respective Governors of the said Colonies according to their Charters. 

Whereupon we crave leave humbly to represent to your Excellencies, that we cannot 
conceive how it is possible that those provinces should be preserved unless his Majesty shall be 
pleased to constitute and appoint dureing the war some active, vigilant and able man zealous for 
his service and Government to be Capt: Generall of all his forces, and all the Militia of all the 
Provinces Colonies and Plantations on the Continent of the Northern America with a power to 
levy arms, muster. Command and employ them on all necessary occasions for the defence of 
those Countries under such limitations and instructions as to his Majesty shall seem best for 
his service & the good of those Colonies, and also to appoint and Commission officers to traine 
& exercise at convenient times such of the inhabitants as are fit bear arms, that they may be 


expert and ready at handling of their Arms & Military exercises, since it will be too late to 
begin to make them souldiers, and fitt them for the defence of the Countrey when the danger 
is come upon them. 

But because the Quakers inhabiting some of these provinces out of m'istake or pretence of 
conscience refuse their personal aid in the use of force against his Majestys and their enemies, 
it may be left to the prudence of the said Capt. Generall to receive from them in money their 
share of assistance for the support of those men, whom he shall at any time find necessary to 
raise and imploy in their and tiieir neighbouring defence. 

2. And we further humbly offer that we conceive it necessary that the said Capt. Generall 
should have the power of (jovernour of any of the said plantation^ immediately depending on 
the Crowne whilst he is present in it. 

Unless this be done, we doe not see how those provinces can be preserved, for in the present 
state they are in, wherein they doe and alvvaies will refuse one another mutual assistance, 
minding more their present profitt than common defence, it is not conceivable how it can be 
avoided, but that they should fall into the power of so active an enemy as France, and one 
after another be all destroyed. The Massachusetts Connecticott New Hampshire I'ensilvania, 
Maryland, & Virginia, all alledge in ex[c]use for not sending aid to New York, that they are all 
of them exposed to the enemy as much as that province, and yet we do not find that they are 
in a very good posture of defence, much less can they be depended upon for a timely and 
vigorous assistance to one another in case of danger, unless some body be there on the place 
with power to compell them to it. Whereas a vigilant General there having under his eye 
the care of the whole, would always be at hand to oppose the enemy with so many of the 
forces that are nearest which would be with greatest safety & least charge to those Countreys, 
and without any disturbance or expence to the remoter. 

This he would be enabled to doe by having constant intelligence from the neighbour Indians 
our friends of the motions & designes of the enemy, upon which consideration we must 
crave leave further to represent that the said Capt Generall should be instructed to take all 
manner of care, to keep the five nations, and what other Indians are yet in amity with us firm 
in friendship ; for it is beyond question that it would be utterly imjiossible for bis Majesties 
subjects to subsist in those plantations, but they must inevitably be forced to leave them, if 
all the neighbouring Indians should once be got over to the French & become our enemies. 
To prevent that and for securing them to his Majesty's interest, it will be expedient that the 
said Cap: Gen" should from time to time make them such presents sent from hence, as he 
should iind necessary, and that some of the most eminent & leading amongst them should be 
entertained, and have constant pay as Ensigns or Lieutenants of his Majesties, and be treated 
as his officers, and next that they should be rewarded for all executions done by them on the 
enemy, and the Scalps they bring be well paid for. Further that some lusty and vigorous 
youths of the English, should accompany them in their expeditions, huntings and other 
exercise, who by inhabiting amongst them would learne their language, grow acquainted w"" 
their Woods Rivers and Passes, and come in a little time to be able to endure their fatigues; 
all which would be a means to familiarize them to us and strengthen their union with us, and 
to this, those young men should be encouraged by a certaine assurance of rewards and 
preferment, which they should never fail of according to their deserts in this service. That 
some of the bravest or most credited amongst our Indian friends should be brought (if they 
can be perswaded to it) into England to see the strength of liis Majesty's forces by sea and 


land, and the populousness of his Dominion especially of his great city of London, the certaine 
knowledge whereof would be of great force to confirme them in their union with us; And that 
also Captives of the, enemy Indians should be brought into England for the same purpose. 
The knowledge of his Majesties power and greatnesse serving to deterr the One, as well to 
hearten and animate the other. 

And lastly that effectuall means should be taken for the conversion of them to the protestant 
faith; for among these here, as well as all. other men, Religion has been found to be one of 
the strongest bonds of union : To this good use we humbly conceive the Governor and 
Company here in London for propagation of the Gospell in New England, and the parts 
adjacent in America, will be very ready to apply their stock, and Revenue when they shall be 
made to see, that the converting the Mohaques, and others of the five nations (to which they 
have already contributed some small matter) is of the greatest importance imaginable for 
preserving of those of the protestant religion who are in those parts, as well as for the gaining 
new converts to it. 

These things relating to the Indians we think we may with the more confidence recommend, 
they being with great care and earnestness practised by the French for gaining and holding of 
the Indians in Canada, where if they goe on by these means to prevail on them as they have 
hitherto done tis to be apprehended, his Majesty's subjects shall not be long quiet and safe in 
these his Northern plantations, On the back of which the French daily and with great industry 
extend themselves, and seem to have some other view then bare planting there, which gives 
us just reason to adde that we humbly conceive some such effectual course as we have here 
proposed, should be speedily taken, for fear it should come to late for there seems to us great 
probability that the French even at this time have some aime that way. 

signed Tankerville 

Ph. Meadows 

Whitehall John Pollexfen 

Sept: 30. 169G, John Locke. Abr: Hill 

JReport of the Lorch of Trade on tJie Affairs of New-Yorh. 

r New- York Entries, A. 29. ] 

May it please Your Majesty. 

Besides what we lately laid before their Excell""^' the Lords Justices concerning the general 
State of New York and the rest of Your Maj""'' Plantations in America, Coll : Fletcher's letter 
of th 30"" May 1696 refer'd also to us by their Excell"", mentions several particular matters 
which we humbly conceive may be consider'd a part what resolution soever it shall please 
Your Maj'J" to take in reference to those provinces in General. 

Whereupon we crave leave humbly to represent to Your Maj"' that it is our opinion that 
Preseniafor the Four huudrcd light Dutcli Fuzees, which Coll: Fletcher hath desired for the use 


of the Indians, if they are rightly disposed of there, may be of great use for the 
confirming the Indians in their Fritaidsliip and union with the English, and for arming of 
them against the French : And therefore we humbly conceive it expedient they should be sent. 


Supply of Powder He also vvrites for an annual supply of powder and other stores during the 

and oUier Stores. i i J r o 

War. Upon our endeavours to inform ourselves the best we can concerning that 
matter, we fiude in the books concerning tlie plantations, transmitted to us the annexed list 
sent by Coll: Fletclier of Stores vvliicli he demanded in May 1695, wliich we do not finde 
have been sent. We also enquired of M'' Brooke and M'' NicoU concerning the State tliey left 
the stores in there, when they came thence, but they could give no information concerning that 
matter, tho' they are members of the Council there, sent over ( As Coll : Fletcher writes ) by 
the Government, to lay before Your Maj'y a true state of that Country; • having in their 
passage, been taken prisoners by tiie French. 

Powder etie. Though their ignorance and Coll: Fletcher's silence in this point leaves us 

uncertain, what quantity of Powder and other ammunition there is yet remaining in Your 
Maj'J''' Magazin's there ; yet we are humbly of opinion that the supplyes he desires should be 
sent him : That so, whatever may happen, tiie province may not be destitute of necessaryes 
for their defence. 

itkhnid Frigat. Coll : Flctchcr further writes that the Richmond Frigat there, is a great charge, 

and of little use, which is confirmed to us by M"' Brooke who says that she Cruising as usual! in 
the summer, hath never yet taken one privateer, and that she is laid up all the winter. Instead 
of her Coll. Fletcher desires a light and nimble sayler as fitter for that service. 
Eichmd Frigat to Wiiereupou we humbly conceive it would be for Your Mai'^' service that the 

be recalled. i J .1 

said IJicimioud Frigat should be recalled and tiiat another iigiit and quick sayler, 
Another to-be sout. ^^ (.^^j . pigt^her proposcs (if it may consist with Your Maj"-'' affairs) should be 
sent in her place, so as to arrive thei'e at the end of their winter, which we are inform'd is 
about the beginning of March ; and should be made a convoj' or a part of a convoy to any 
Merchant ships going from hence to those parts, at that time as there shall be occasion, and 
ordered to stay there under tlie direction of the Gov' of New Yorke, for the service and guard 
of that and the neigiibouriug provinces, till the beginning of the next winter; and then to 
convoy any siiips goeing from New York and the neighbouring provinces with provisions to 
Barbadoes, the Leeward Islands, or Jamaica, and to stay at Barbadoes or Jamaica for the 
defence of either of those Islands, and the trade thereof, till the merchant ships returning from 
thence to England, with tiie crop of tliose Islands in tiie spring, she also should return with 
them as an additional strengtii to their convoy, and to supply her place in New Yorke anotlier 
such Man of war should be ordered hence thither to be there against the end of the following 
winter, and so annually. By this means Your Maj'^'' ships of warr intended for the guard of 
New Yorke and the neighbouring colonies will not for the future be laid up uselesse all tiie 
winter season, but will serve to convoy tiie ships goeing with Provisions from these northern 
Provinces to tlie southern Plantations, at a time seasonable for them to come there to take in 
freight from thence (as they often do) and so come to England with the rest of the merchant 
ships under convoy. 
The 4 companies He further adds that he hath filled up Your Mai'"" four companies there with 

filled up _ r J r 

men raised in that province at the rate of three pounds p' head and fourpence a 
day increase of their pay, for which the Assembly have raised a fund to defray that charge 
unto May next ; till wliich time tliese recruits are listed. We are humbly of opinion tliat 
The saine method ^oll : Fletcher should be encouraged to continue on this method of keeping those 
tobeenntinued. companies full, till Recruits can be sent from hence, or till Your Maj"' having 
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Governor Fletcher to the Lords of Trade. 

[ Now-Tork Entries, A., 158.] 

From Coll Fletcher to the Lords of the late Committe 

May it please Your Lordships. 

iSiiice my last of the 17"" September I have had a Treaty with the Indians of the Five 
nations and send herewith a copy of what passed. 
An engagement Since my rctum frooi Albany a party of 13. French with an Indian guide 

lietween some '' ^ i j o 

Kiver Indians— " appeared near that place, and were beaten by eleven River Indians the French 
Commander being wounded (since dead), with two other surrendred. A party 
of 3. Christians and 23. Indians from Albany were commanded immediately to march to the 
great Lake, who went and destroyed their Canoes, and meeting seaven of their part}' (the 
Indian guide one) cut them all to pieces and brought in their scalps, two of our Indians are 
wounded. The French endured great hardship and fed upon Acorns, 'tis believ'd none of 
them will get to Canada, I have transmitted the examinations of the Prisoners. 

The three companies upon the Fronteers were much weakened by death and 
desertion. I prevailed with the Assembly to recruit them for twelve months in 
may last since my return from Albany the Assembly have satt and given a new 
supply to recruite them against the Winter. 

The Inhabitants of Albany are under apprehension of an attack this winter, 
which I also have an accoimt of the Governor of Canada has recruits last summer 
from France, and no relief is to be expected from the neighbouring Colonies at 
Albany, which has put many of the Inhabitants upon thought of removing to 
New York, for which reason I thought and am now imbarking with a detachment 
of my own Company to put myself in that post this winter and hope, I shall take oft" all their 
doubts and fears. 

1 shall be shut up by the ice for four months from the rest of the Province, I have left 
necessary orders and the same weather is our security from the attempts of the enemy by sea. 
I have made frequent application for assistance from the neighbouring Colonies, 
which are fruitless. 

Our Indians were hearty and well disposed but much inclining to make a 
peace for themselves. 

I have remitted a bundle of Beaver with their description of Canada which I 
^f''cauai'at'"ii;e Send to His Most Excellent Majesty, directed to M'^ Blathwajte, they have 
limited me to get an answer against the spring. 

I have also sent an address and Association signed by the General Assembly in 
this province being the first time of their meeting since we had the happy news 
of that wonderfull deliverance to His Maj"''^ most sacred person and Govern' 
He desires the neigh- I humbly beg your Lordship to intercede with His Mai'^ that the neighbouring 

touring provinces j a ^ r J o o 

ti'i7defence''onhe° proviuccs be at least obliged to contribute to the charge accrewing to this 
He"des?re8 some proviuce to support the Froutiers, for some light Fuzees which I formerly wrote 

light Fuzees. 

The 3 comp : upon 
the frontiers much 
wealiened. — 
Tlie Assembly have 
given a supply to 
reoniit them for a 

lie has an account 

the French will 

attack Albany this 


Recruits sent to 


No assistance frm 

the neighbouring 


No assistance from 
the ni-ighbouring 

Our Indians in- 
clined to make a 
aeperate peace. 

He sends a bundle 
of beaver with the 

The Indi.ans press 
for an answer 
against spring. 

Address and Asso- 


And nn annual for, for the Indians, an annual supply of ammunition, with the subsistance of liie 

supplv of Aiiunu- 1 T 1 I 1 

niuorian.i subsist- fouj- Companies, beinff all the force I can depend upon 1 am 

May it please Your Lordsiiips 

Your LordP* most dutiful most obedient 

and most luimble servant 
New York 9"" NoV 1696. Ben: Fletcher 

Jcmrnal of Governor Fletcher'' s Visit to Albany. 

[New-York Papers, A.B. B.40.] 

A Journall of what passed in tlie Expedition of His Excell: Coll: Benjamin 
Fletcher Captaine General! and Governour in Cheife of the province of 
New Yorke &' to Albany, to renew the Covenant Chain with the Five 
Canton Nations of Indians, the Mohaques, Oneydes, Onondages, Caijouges 
& Sennekes. 

Sept. l?"" 1696. On Thursday after sunsett his Excell: imbarqued at Greenwich; on 
Tuesday morning arrived at Albany. 

22''' This day his Excell. viewed the fortifications of the City and gave orders to y' May'' 
and Aldermen for such reparacons as were found needfuU in the blockhouses platformes and 

27"" Sunday afternoone the Sachims of Oneyde and Onnondage arrived at Albany, in the 
evening they supped with his Excell: giving great expressions of y' joy and satisfaccon they 
had in meeting his Excell: 

28"' His Excell. sent Capt James Weems to view the garrison at Schenectady and bring 
report to his Excell: what necessary repairs are wanting which was performed accordingly. 

This day the Sachims of the other three Nations arrived and desired time to rest themselves 
till tomorrow 

29"" His Excell : called the Sachems together and spake 

At a meeting of the Sachims of the Five Nations at Albany the 29"" of September 1696. 

Present — His Excell: Coll. Benjamin Fletcher &■= 
Coll. Nicholas Bayard \ 
William Pinhorne Esq"" >- of the Council 
Maj"" Peter Schuyler ] 
Matthew Clarkson Esq Secretary 
The May"" Recorder & Aldermen of Albany &"^ 

His Excell said : — 

Brethren. It is an inexpressible satisfaction to me that I see you here ; I do heartily condole 
the losse our brethren the Onondages and Oneydes have susteined by the late eruption of the 
French army from Cauida. 


Upon the first certaiiie intelligence I had, 1 ciune up in j)erson with [what force] I could 
hastily gather for your assistance. 

And I am now here and present you the Onondages and Oneydes these two belts of wampum 
as a confirmacon of my sincerity and these kettles to repair your losse in that kinde. 


Two months agoe I received at New Yorke the first intelligence that the French had made 
an insult upon your countrey. I forthwith came up as I said before to yo"' releife and 
assistance. 1 had an account before 1 did reach Albany from some of }^our people that the 
French army were retreated & marched back towards Canida. I then sent expresses desireing 
you all to meet me at this place*; some time after I received yo'^ answer that you would meet me 
about this time in Albany ; and I am now come up a second time this summer in order to 
renew the covenant chain and to consult with the brethren what is most propper and may be 
most conducing to the common good and safety of the whole House. 


I do acquaint you from my most illustrious Master the King of Great Brittaine France and 
Ireland that he will alwayes extend his gracious proteccon to you and as a seal of it His 
Majesty has commanded me to deliver you these presents to keep bright the Covenant Chain 
from all rust and to strengthen it in behalfe of all his Majestyes subjects, not only of this 
Province, but those also of New England, Connecticutt, the Jerseys, Pensilvania, ^Maryland 
and Virginia. 

A List of the presents sent from the Kings Most Excellent Majesty & given to 
the Indians (viz') 

24 blew Coats [laced w"" broad Lace] 1 barrell powder 
24 laced hatts 400 weight lead 

24 p'' shoes with buckles- 1000 flints 

24 Shirts 1 grose of tobacco pipes, wood & tinn 

22 dozen hose. 2 grose knives 

•30 gunn barrils & locks. 6 pound vermilion 

30 brasse kettles. 
prime cost in England of the above goods .£200 sterling. 

A list of presents added by the government of New Yorke. 

1 piece [of blue] duffils 100 hatchetts 

2 Cask Swanshott 54| lb tobacco in roll 
7 barrills powder 2 grose pipes 

14 large kettles Wampum .£3. 9. 

7 pieces of white hamills for shirts 28 gallons rumm. 

• L. 8. d. 

All which cost in New Yorke money 169 .5.4^ 

For provision to the Indians & repairing their arms 130 .19.7 

Cash for messengers, Indian Scouts for intelligence of the enemyes 

motion j)"' by M"' Dellius M' Banker Maj"- Schuyler & Maj' Wessells. . 100 

From England 200.£ sterling in N. Yorke money is 260 

In all ^660. 4. lU 


At a Meeting of the Sachims of the Five Nations at Albany tlie fust of October 1G96. 

Presext — His Exi'i'll : Coll. Benjamin Fletcher &" 
Coll : IVicholas Bayard 
William Pinhorue Esq' 
Maj"" Peter Schuyler 
3\ra(th: Clarkson Esci"" Sec^. 
The May & Aldermen of Albany &<= 

Sanonguirese a Sachim of the Mohaques was Speaker 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

We returne you thanks for what j'ou have said the day before j'esterday in condoling of our 
losse, and for the kettles which you gave us to boyle our victuals in the room of those that are 
lost by the enemy as also for the two Belts of Wampum given us as a token of yo' sincerity, 
by which our hearts are mightily rejoiced and lifted up in this our poor condition. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe 

We are exceedingly rejoyced that the Great King over the Seas has sent us in this our low 
condition, by which our hearts are lifted up, we were ready to sink in a miserable [)crishing 
condition and this makes us revive again. He laid down six Beaver Skins. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

We come to desire you to acquaint the Great King that the enemy has brought us to a very 
low condition and have distroyed five of our Castles ; one is now left, and if that be destroyed 
we know not what to do; we know not what shall become of us next; pray let the Great 
King know this. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

We desire that since the Great King of England &'^ has cannoes of seaventy gunns a piece 
and many forces, you may acquaint him that it is a great pity we should be so plagued with 
see small an enemy as the French and Indians of Canida. We are not able of ourselves to 
destroy them. 

We are become a small people and much lessened by the warr. If the people of Virginia, 
Maryland, Pensilvania, the Jerseys, Connecticutt & New England who have all put their hand 
to the Covenant Chain will joyne with the inhabitants of this place, we are ready to go and 
root the French and all our enemyes out of Canida. He then laid down a bundle of six 
Qupbocq Bever skins and on the outside thereof a draft of the river of Canida with the 


Troyriwer. clieife placcs there of marked, to show the sraallnesse of the enemy and how 

seated upon Canida river ; which they desire may be sent over & shown to the Great King. 

Brother Caijenqxiiragoe. 

We again thank you for the message you have brought from the Great King. 

And we pray you to send again to him for us with all vigour and speed, and to lay before 
the King what we have here said ; faile not in writeing, faile not to let the King know it. 
We give these five beavers to the man that writes, to pay for the paper penn & ink. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe 

We desire you to acquaint the Great King as before, that we are a small people and he has 
a great people and many cannoes with great gunns ; we desire you to write to him to know 


whether he will send them to distroy Canida or not, against the next time the trees grow 
green; and if he will not send forces to distroy Canida then to send lis word thereof that we 
may make peace for ourselves, for ever, or for some time. 

And we earnestly pray you will desire the Great King to send us an answer by the next 
time the trees grow green. He laid down a bundle of six bevers. 

At a meeting of the Sachims of the Five Nations at Albany Octo"" S'' 1696. 

Present — His Excell: Coll Benjamin Fletcher &' 

Coll. Nich. Bayard ] 

William Pinhorne Esq' > of the Council. 

Maj"' Peter Schuyler Esq'' Sec^ ] 
Matth : Clarkson Esq'' SecJ" 
The May'' Recorder & Aldermen of Albany &"= 

Dackashata a Sachim of the Sinnekes was Speaker 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

We come to condole the losse you daily receive having daily alarms of sculking partyes of 
the enemy doing mischeife. Then laid down a belt of Wampum. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

I am come with the whole House to consider what tends to the comon good of the whole 
Brother Caijenquiragoe 

We come here to quicken the fire, and renew the Covenant Chain. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

We come to renew the Convenant Chain with all the brethren of New England, 
Connecticutt, New Yorke, the Jerseys, Pensilvania, Maryland & Virginia that they may 
partake of the warmth of the fire. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

We recommend to all that are in the Covenant Chain to be vigorous to keep it up. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

When all is said I drinck to all yo'' healths & then I deliver you the cupp 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

There has been a cloud and we come to remove it, as the sun in the morning remove the 
dar[k]nesse of the night. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

The Tree of safety and welfare planted here we confirme it. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe 

As the tree is planted here and confirmed, so we make fast all the roots and branches of it, 
all the brethren of the Five Nations and the brethren of Virginia Maryland, Pensilvania, the 
Jerseys, New Yorke, Connecticutt, & New England. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe 

We wish we may rest in quietnesse under that tree. We fill it with new leaves, and wish 
all that are in the Covenant Chain may have the benefite to sitt down quiett under its shaddow. 


Brotlier Caijenquiragoe 

I do hereby renew the Covenant Chain witli all that have put their hands in it Virginia, 
Maryland, Pensilvania, the Jerseys, New Yorke, Connecticutt & New England. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

We renew tiie Covenant Chain in behalf of the whole House, the Mohaques, Oneydes, 
Onondages Caijouges and Sinnikes. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

We have lately had the losse of two Castles by the enemy, we have concluded to do our best 
to assist them and we desire Caijenquiragoe will do the same. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

We wish the Cannoes may go to and again in safety that the Great King may know what 
we have here said and that we may have an answer. We now have made our word good ; 
here is the cup. Then laid down some small bundles of bever saying, — it is but small, but is 
as it were saved out of the fire. 

His Excell stood up and said : — 


I have heard what you have said, and have here renewed the Covenant Chain with all the 
Five Nations the Mohaques, Oneydes, Onnondages, Caijouges, and Sinnekes, in behalf of the 
Brethren of this Province, Virginia, Maryland, Pensilvania, the Jerseys, Connecticutt & New 
England ; and I assure the Five Nations of his Maj'^" proteccon. I have provided for you 
some victnalls and drink to drink the King's health, and in conlirmacon thereof that it may 
last as long as the sun & moon endures I give this Belt Wampum. 

The principle Sachim of the Mohaques called — Oheee 

The whole Assembly answered Heeeeee Hogh. 
The principle Sachim of Oneyde called. Oheee 

The whole Assembly answered Heeeeee Hogh. 
The principle Sachim of Onnondage called — Oheee 

The whole Assembly answered Heeeeee Hogh. 
The principle Sachim of Caijouge called — Oheee 

The whole Assembly answered Heeeeee Hogh 
The principle Sachim of Sinneke called — Oheee 

The whole Assembly answered Heeeeee Hogh. 
In the evening His Excell. did appoint the principle Sachims to meet him at a private 
conference next mornina;. 

At a private Meeting of the Sachims of the Five Nations at Albany the S*" of Ocf 1G96. 

Present — His Excell. Coll. Benjamin Fletcher &■= 
Coll Nich Bayard ] 
W™ Pinhorne Esq I of the Council. 
Maj^ Peter Schuyler' j 
Matth : Clarkson Esq"' Sec^ 
[M' Dellins, Maj-" WeSsells, The Mayor of Albany.] 

' This nHme does not appear on the original .Minute. Xcw-Vorh Colonial MaKuseriptit, XLI. — Ed. 


His Excellency said: — 


It was proposed by the Speaker of the Five Nations the first day that I should write to my 
Great Master the King of England &■= concerning the warr that is between the Five Nations 
and the French and Indians of Canida and that I should gett an answer from the Great King 


to you the brethren against the next Spring. 


I must assure you its utterly impossible in so short a time to send over to my Great Master 
and to receive an answer for reasons which I shall now give you. 

The way over the great Sea is long, the danger and hazards are many, and in the winter 
season [happen] many storms and contrary winds. 

Brethren, I do promise you to use all the speedyest means with the first opportunity to 
write to the Great King and to get you an answer which I am sure will be to j'o'' content and 
satisfaction and so soon as it comes I siiall communicate it to you. 


In the mean time I have appointed Maj'' Schuyler M'' Dellius Major Wessells and the Mayor 
of the Citty of Albany to receive yo'' propositions upon any occasion that may happen in my 


I do heartily wish you home well to yo'' own Castles and that you may look out and be 
carefiUl not to be surprised ; you can never be too watchfull. I now take my leave of you and 
give each of you a kegg of rumm for a dram to comfort you in the way home, and a coat to 
keep you warme in the winter. I shall see you again (God willing) next summer or sooner if 
yo'' athiires call, if it please God to continue my health. 

The Sachims offer to make some propositions. Sanonquirese Sachim of the Mohaques 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

We have been a long time in the Covenant Chain with the brethren of New Yorke, in 
which afterwards at sundry times the brethren of Virginia Maryland Pensilvania, the Jerseys, 
Connecticutt & New England came and linked themselves. They like'd the chain of peace, 
but where are they now ; they do not like to take part with us in the war. They are all 
asleep; they came not to our assistance against the enemy, their hands hang down straight, 
and their amies are lame ; we see none minde the warr but the brethren of New Yorke. 

We are now down upon one knee, but we are not quite down upon the ground; lett the 
Great King of England send the great cannoes with seaventy gunns each, and let the brethren 
of Virginia, Maryland, Pensilvania, the Jerseys, Connecticutt & New England awake, and we 
will stand up straight againe upon our feet ; our heart is yet stout and good ; we doubt not but 
to destroy the enemy. Then laid down a Belt of Wampum. 

Brother Caijenquiragoe. 

We again desire you to write to the Great King and to gett us an answer against the next 
time the trees become green and that there may be no delay. Let it not be said to us the 


cannoes are lost under water, or that the wind has carryed them into another country, or the 
like excuse, but let us have the answer against the trees grow green, without faith, lor we are 
in great need of it. Then hiid down a Bever skinn 

To which His Excel!, made answer 


I shall be faithful! and exact to my promise to you. I shall send to tlie Great King my 
master bv tlu' lirst opportunity ;uid he carofu!! in sending you t!u' (Jreat Kings answer, as I 
told you before ; but I cant be ])ositive to a time wlien the voyage depends upon the winde & 
weather wiiich are soe uncertaine. I wish you well to yo"' castles. 

The principle Saciiim of the Mohaques called — Oheee 

The whole nuuiber of .'>aciiinis answered Heeeeee Hogh &■= 

Oct. 4"" Cloaths were delivered out to the Companyes being a gratuity of the Assembly to 
those soldiers that had served the preceding winter; being of the ^'500 tax. 

5"" The Companyes were mustered by Mathew Clarkson Esq"' Seers' and afterwards the 
Oaths administered to them, and every man had two dollars paid him of the 4'' a day, 
likevv'ise granted by the Assembly ; the money was taken up upon creditt, the tax not being 
paid nor the first moiety payable till the SO"" of Septemb'' last. 

His Excell. on the head of each Company did encourage the men and told them not to 
believe the reports of factious disaffected persons; promising that the four pence a day should 
be paid into their own hands. In the afternoone the same day His Excell: imbarqued for 
New York, being attended to tlie shoare by the May"' Recorder & Aldernten and the Common 
Council], with the soldiers and train bands in arms, and having recommended to the 
Magistrates of the City and the Officers to be vigilant and amicable and to unite in their 
endeavours for the defence of the place, took leave of them about 3 a clock after noone. 

Ocf 9"" Fryday morning His Excell. arrived at N. Yorke. 


David Jamison CI. Coucilij. 

[The words in the preceding document, within brackets, are added from the original Minute in Kcw-Yurk Colonial 
JUanuscripts, XLT. — Ed. ] 

Examinations of Three French Prisoners at Albany. 

[New-Tork Papers, A.B. B.41.] 

The Examinacons of Joseph De Boake Philip Andrie la Coudre & Isaaq Giggon 
la Pomere, taken by Capt James Weems and Captain William Hyde in 
Fort Orange at Albany, seperatly exaied. the 16"" of October 1696. — 

Joseph de Boake' being called saith that on the 24"' of September last by an order in writeing 
from Mons' Callier Govern'' of liie Isle of Montreall he marched from the said place having 

• DuBKAU. Parit Docutneiits, Y., 395. — Ed. 

Vol. IV. 31 


under liis command one and twenty French and one Indian with fourty five dayes provisions, 
tliat they were twelve days upon the river and landed upon the shoare of Lake Shanif'ahire^ 
above the point of La Sheblare ;- there left their three Cannoes witli all their provisions but tenn 
dayes, which they took with them and designed to make an eager attack upon some part of 
the Five Nations or the English their enemys. After eight dayes travell they arrived at some 
uninhabited houses over against the Flatts where he advanced himselfe with two more to 
discover what he could, leaving the rest of his party behiude him about a league and halfe ; 
but discerning three Indians burning of a ring, fearing lest he should be discovered retreated 
to his party, and betook them selves to_ a thickett that night, and next morning marched 
towards Kinderhook, and next day about two hours before sunsett they were attacked, being 
only at tliat time together of them, thirteen, the rest being dispersed or lost. After some shott 
being discharged ou both sides his party and he retreated, the Examinaut being greivously 
wounded in the arm was not able to proceed; therefore advised his party to surrender to some 
of the English in the next villages; ibr he was not able to head them any longer, by reason of 
being very faint with the losse of inucli blood, and earnestly importuned them to submitt 
according to his council least thej' should fall into the hands of the Indians, who would have 
no mercy of them: all refused but two who joyned with him and in three dayes after 
surrendered to the inhabitants of Scotack who brought them to Albany this day. 

The Examinant further sayeth that he commanded the battoes and canoes that caryed Count 
Frontenac with his army of IGOO French and 4G0 Indians in his expedicon within three 
leagues of the Onondages Castle where they landed with two small feild pieces, and two small 
mortars to throw hand granados, and the very same day moved up towards the place but found 
the Castle burnt down & demolished, being done a day before their arrivall there, that they 
destroyed all the Indian Corn round the place, then moved to the Oneydes Castle, which they 
burnt, and distroyed all their corne, finding in the Castle thirty men women and children 
which surrendered themselves prisoners to them; then returned home and by the way met 
witii some small skirmishes. 

The said Examinant says further that in Septemb"" last arrived at Quebec twelve ships, 
whereof six men of warr with 300 recruites, stores of ammunicon, provisions and money to 
pay the forces; and further saith not. 

Isaaq Giggon La Pomere upon his examinacon answers every question to the same effect of 
Joseph de Boake, but that he was not in the expedicon with Count Frontenac into the Indian 
countrey, that he iiad no ofler of any gratuity fordoing mischeife in these parts and is ignorant 
of any that has or is to be given, but by dependance upon voluntary generosity of their 

Philip Andre de Caudre answers in his exaicon to all questions after the manner of the 
former exaniinacons, but knows nothing of the expedition into the Indian Countrey. and 
knows but very little of the arriveall of any shipping or recruites to Quebec but by report. 

James Weems 
William Hyde. 
A true Copy 
(signed) David Jamison CI. Concilij 

' Lake Shamplane. New -York Colonial Manuscripts, XLI. — Ed. 
' Pointe k la Clievelure, now Crown Point Ed. 


Governor Fletcher to Mr. Bkiihwayt. 

[ New- rork Entries, A. 1S3.] 

To M' Blathwayt 


no ims ircnicd Siiice 111)' last I have been at Albany and treated with the Sachinis of the 

with ItiL' Sacliims . i ■ p i i- /• i i i i i 

of iiu- Fivo nations, t ive nations they complain oi tlie tediousness ol the war and tlie sloth and 
negligence of tlie neiglibouring Provinces. They have desired nie to write to the Great 
Thovarewiiiin to King and get theiii an answer against the Spring, and are willing to push along 
iilo'c.Miqu'elt'o^ with lis for a conquest of Cannida or to make peace for themselves, the 

propositions come herewith. I have directed the Beavers which they present 
to His Sacred Majesty in a box to you to do as you think most proper and have acquainted 
his Grace the Duke of Shrewsbury. — 
A parly of i-rciicii Wc liave had the good fortune to defeat a party of French that came from 

Cannida to make discovery and take prisoners, three of them did surrender and 
seven being overtaken by a party of Christians and Indians from Albany were cut to pieces 
in the middle way betwixt and Cannida. 

Ti.e rrradi havo The Freucli have had Recruits last Summer from France and I am informed 

rcccivi-)! recriuts. 

Tiiiy dcsian to bavc a desiffn to attack Albany in the Winter. I am now imbarkinc lor that 

attack Albany. ° •' , '- 

place to remain there tiiis season and take a detachment of my own companj' 
No (wsistwe from with uie. I caunot depent upon the assistance of our neiiihbours. I hope by 

tlioir netahhoursto * * '- * ■' 

be e.\pccie<i. j]-|g gi-j^gg pf {}q^ \\\\\\ tlie forces I have and such as I shall be able to draw- 

together from Ulster and Dutchess Countys, upon an alarm to be ready, to give them such 
warm entertainment as will make them quickly repent their journey. Tiiis will be my third 
voyage to Albany this year. 

There is a great consum^ition of powder and stores by our frequent alarms and to supply 
the Indians and extraordinary charges accrueing in time of war. The neighbouring 
connerticutt, the proviuces wiU neither contribute to the duty nor charge; Connecticutt and 

Jersrys ettc will * "^ 

not a^ist them. the Jerseys will do nothing. I humbly desire your assistance in procuring 
Tie desires some some relief to this Province from the neighbouring Colonies, some light Fuzees 

lilllil l"uzei's for the 

lo.iians An annual for the Indians wliicii I wrote for formerly; an annual supply of forces and 

r lori-esand 

.n and the amillum 
lee for the 
four compauifS. and aiii 

snpldvof lon-eSiind .. i,,i. n \ r • \ 11 •! 

amuniiion and the ammunition and that the subsistance ot tlie lour companies be punctually paid — 

eubsistanee for the ■ 

Sir. Your most obedient and 

most humble servant 
New York the 9^ Nov"' 1G96. Be.\j: Fletcher. 


Memorial of Messrs. Broolce and Nicolls relating to the Defence of JVeiv - Yo?'h. 

[New-York Papers, A. B. A.19.] 

To the Right Hon''''' His Ma"" Com" for Trade and Plantations. 

The humble Memoriall of Chidley Broolc and William NicoU. 

In our memoriall to their Excellencies the late Lords Justices of England referr'd to yo'' 
Lopps. wee have set forth the state and condicon of the Colony of New York in America in 
relation to the Warr and dangers from the French in those parts & upon yo"' Lopps. comands 
in one other memoriall humbly oiiered our opinions of the methods to be taken for the securing 
that Colony and the other English plantacons in that country from the mine the French 
neighbourhood there apparently threatens ; Wee now humbly lay before yo"" Lopps. the 
following p'ticulars as very necessary for the safety & good of that Colony, to witt: — 

1" That the Fort at New York may be strengthend and enlarg'd, it being at present only 
a defence against Indians, and that an Ingineer be sent over to that purpose, and for the other 
forts and fortificacons menconed in our former memoriall. 

S** Tiiat the pay of the Companyes at New York may be made sterling money, the value of 
money there is a full third less than here, two pence sterling is stopt in England for Clothes, 
and it costing six pence p' diem New Yorke money to subsist them ; the men every day are 
brought in debt & the excessive price of clothes &'' in those parts make the hardship on the 
officers not less than the private men; for this reason the Assembly have found it necessary 
for the p''esent subsistence of the men to grant them an allowance of 4'' p'' diem a man 
addiconall to their pay till May next. 

S"" An animall supply of stores of warr (viz') one hundred barrells of powder, with match 
ball cartridge paper &" proporconable ; and that there may be an order to the Governo' 
directing him to allow the Indians powder &"= out of the Kings Stores during the Warr. 

4. In the fort of New York are two small mortarrs the diameter of the one is S inches & f . 
7 inches & ^ the other, 100 granado shells for each are wanting; as also 

5. Six large union flaggs for his Ma'^" severall forts in that Colony, which we pray may be 
added to the stores already ordered. 

These things wee humbly desire may be granted, and that the Colony of New York (which 
by it's scituacon and the course of the Rivers and by the amity and good understanding it has 
had with the Five Warlike Nations of Indians is become a Barrier to the rest of the English 
Dominions on the main land ) may receive such seasonable releife and assistance that the 
English interest may take no prejudice by any incroachm* or invasion by the French 
there. Wee are 

Yo' LordP' 

Most humble and most 
obedient Serv" 

( signed ) Chid : Brooke 

13 Nov' 1G9G. (signed) W. Nicoll, 


Council of New - York to the Lords of Trade. 

[Now-Tork Enlrlcs, A. 162.] 

Letter from the Council of New York to the Lords of tlie late Committee. 

May it please Your Lordships. 

His Excellency our Governour went to Alhnny the tenth inst: to remain there this winter 
upon some intelligence lie had of orders the French Governour had to attack Albany and of 
Recruits of men and stores come to Cannada. 
Tim inimhitanu Many of the inhabitants did threaten to remove their familyes unless there 

thrciiti-n to le4ivo 

Aii""iy were a better force to keep it. The Indians accuse the neighbouring provinces 

of sloth & negligence. 

The AsaemMy Tiic Assembly of this Province to recruit the Companyes upon the Frontiers, 

Imvc recrailcd Iho 

i"'''='^- and to be eased from the burthen of detachments have given six pound a man 

levy money for six months service besides the King's pay, and a groat a day. 

No nssistanco ft-om J J a i j cd j 

uiuir iiL-igbbours. There is no assistance to be expected from our neighbours, they will do nothing. 
The winter sets in a pace is the reason His Excellency left us with directions to seal up his 
packet, lest the river be shutt up. 
They Hcsire their We hope our Gracious King will consider of the hard circumstances this 

neighbours may ^ *- 

porTion "in'''''iho pi"ovince is under to preserve and maintain His Maj'^* interest in these Parts, and 
charjjL-oftiicMvar- gj^,^ gffggjuf^i (Jirections that the neighbouring provinces be brought to bear an 
equal share of the duty and charge of the warr. 

His Excell"'" personal presence at Albany this winter (we doubt not) will he a means to 
allay all the doubts and fears of the people and encourage the Indians and secure the Garrison. 

He cannot always remain there, this City and fort may be surprised from sea in summer, 
and it is the seat of Govern' 
If the inhabitants Whcu the Inhabitants of Albany begin to remove they will be apt to follow 

of Alljiiny remove i • -n i- "t t i , i i i r-. i 

the Indians will be one another it will discourage our Indians they are much courted by the I'rench. 

diacou raged. o ./ ./ 

We are 

May it please Your Lordships 

Your LordP' most obedient most 

dutiful and most humble servants. 

N. Bayard, S. V: Cortlandt, 

Fredryck Flypse, W™ Pinhorne, 

S. MiNviELLE, Caleb Heathcote. 

New York SS"* Nov' 1G96. D. Jamison CI: Councillij — 


Mr. Penii's Observations on the Proceedings of Goveimor Fletclier. 

[Journal, IX., 275-6.] 

Whitehall December the ll"- 1G96 
At a Meeting of His ^Majesty's Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 

Present — Earl of Bridgewater M'' Blathwayte 

S'' Philip Meadows M"" Pollexfen 

M-- Hill 

East ?Jew .TcrsfT As a Proprietor of East New Jersey, M'" Penn complained also that the 
Governour of New Voike obliged the ships that came thitlier with goods from England to pay 
New Voi'ke custonies. To which he was answered that Colonel Fletcher was ordered by his 
instructions to do so: And tlie necessity of that practice was shown, by the neighbourhood of 
tliat Propriet}' to the King's Province of New Yorke, which is such that if goods were received 
there custom free, tliey may be clandestinely transported into New Yorke to the defrauding of 
His Majesty's customs there. 

Quota He spoke also of the Quota required from the neighbouring Colonies for the 

defence of New York And said that he conceived the best way of regulating it would be, by 
stated Deputies from each Province, to meet in one common Assembly: The effecting of 
which was observed to require one Captain General or Vice Roy to preside But upon tiiese 
heads he was desired, and he promised so draw up a schem more fully in writing. 
XewTorke He delivered to tiie Board a letter to himself dated in New Y'orke the 13"' of 

June 1G95 (the name subscribed being blotted out)' which he said lie had kept eigiit months in 
his hands, being unwilling to concern himself in the matters that were contained in it, 
compi.aints agt vvhicli Were clieifly complaints against Colonel Fletcher. But however he thought 
Coll. Fietchi=r. ^^ j^^ ^j.^^ ^^^^ ^^ discharge his hands of it ; so left it with the Board to consider 
of. He suggested also in discourse some complaints of violence and harsh carriage in Colonel 
Nicholson Governour of Maryland. 

After he was withdrawn, their Lordships hereupon ordered that the Secretary should write 
both to him, and Miijor (ieneral Winthroji (who it was said had formerly also made some sucii 
like complaints) to desire them to give the Board particular Accounts in writing of what 
either themselves or any persons were able to prove against either of the foresaid Governours. 

« .« » »■ ^ 

Governor Fletclier to Messrs. Brooh and Nicolls. 

[Xew-Tork Entries, A. 1G4.] 

From Coll: Fletcher to M"- Brook and M' Nicolls dated at Albany the 20"' Dec' 
last delivered to the board by the said M"" Brook and M'' Nicolls. 

I can add little to what I said at my departure from York; I then left a Packett to be 
dispatched by way of Virginia which I hope will come safe after so many have been lost. 

' See P. dela Noy's Letter, ante, p. 221. — Ed. 


nil ronsom for Tlie friiilils and daily removall of these people with the intelligence of a design'd 

goirij^ lo Albany. '- * ... 

attack from Canada on this place obliged me to put myself into it for tins wniter. 
Acmmtofhis Tiic tenth of November I left Yorke with a detachment only of my own 

voyage 10 Albany i i • i • 

company with much difficulty, the wind at North West and tlie weatlier e.xciding 
cold, we got up beyond Ulster, we were twice driven on ground by tlie Ice, and the IS"* 
lockt up by it, so we continued all tiiat day and nigiit, the 19"' 1 went on shore over against 
a great tract of Ice and so walked on full five miles, to a little Dutch Town called I'otcoke ;' 
where 1 lodged that iiicrht in mv cloaths with Dundalk accommodation, next morning by the 
Assistance of Major Schuyler who I met by chance, got horses and waggons and March'd to 
Kinderhooke; the next day being the t3P' I reached Green bush, and walk'd from thence over 
the Ice to Albany, to great appearance of satisfaction in the jieople. 
Somii:ivcrin,iiaii3 ;\Iy first busiucss was to send for the River Indians, who knocked a party of 

mill a Tarty of • 

i''™^'' seaven Frenchmen in the iiead, who were sculking upon our Coast — For their 

lie rowr.Pis limn better encourageui' I gave them six pound, for each man they kill'd, they were 

anil issi-iiiliriiisnme .... , ., . ., , ii-- l* 

or ihi'in will, some nuicli i)leased With it and iironused to conl iiiue m Jjoyaltv to the i\ing, and to 

Clirislians to tho " "^ i i 

great lake-. su|)ply me with some scouts this winter, to ly upon the lake, which scouts 1 am 

now dispatching with some Christians mixed with them. 

He n mcs- Mv next care was to dispatch a Messenger with a belt of Wampum to the Five 

sage to the Five '^ i i ■ 

Nations. nations to let them know I am personally here to cover and assist them against 

the common Enemy, and that I expect they should continue firme to the covenant chain and 
in their loyalty to the Great King my master. 
Ho Is putting the In the mean time 1 am endeavouring to put these wooden F-ortificatioiis into 

woollen Korls into ,, ,,^-1,. ,t i-i it ■] 

the best order he the best method of defence that I can, and seeing the companyes dayly exercised 

can. ' ... 

at the relief of guards, having here no more men than the three companies with a 
detachment of thirty from my own ; this is all that had occurred since my arrival, only I got by 
He hail goi25men niucli importuuitv twentv fivc men from Connecticut as Recruits lor the companies 

from Conneclieut i . J 1 1 • 

Kecruiisarrivoii at here — The French Gov'' of Canada has this summer received considerable recruits 

Canaila the G<»VTof .., ii-iilTvi C 

that place .lesignes of men and stores of war and spits forth his brags, that he will be Master ot 

t.iallaek Albany ' ° 

this winter. Albany this winter; he shall meet the warmest Inteitainnient 1 can give him. — 

He desires stores I must dcsire you lo enciuire after a list of Stores I lormerlv sent to the 

aeeordingto the list j i 

formerly sent. Plantation Office, I have not the copy by me, I remember four huudied light 
fuzees I desired for the Five nations, also 1 desired some Strouds, Duflels and Blankets might 
be sent to them. 
The French en- The French do endcvonr both to awe and bribe them, I am sure it is for the 

doavour to <lraw off ^ 

the Indians. King's scrvicc, that they be encouraged. I must also desire your endevours that 

the 4!'comps''''' '^'"'^ piiy iuid Cloiitliiug uuiy be sent over for the four companies. 

The dearness of xiie rate of labourei's here makes it difficult to get men, the Officers are also 

labour makes it o ' 

soidiere.'" ^'^^' under great hardships, they can not eat and buy a coat out of their subsistance, 
yon know how scarce and dear provisions and cloths are in this countrey. 

It seems strange to me that any mallice should be found to impeach you for want of Loyalty 
and aflTection to His present Majesty, I have been a witness of your zeal and fervour to his 
service. That nautious calumney will blow over of itself, it cannot stick upon you — 1 am — 

Your aflectionate friend 
and servant 
Albany Dec' 20"" 1696. Ben Fletcher 

' The Van Rensselaer Patent (or Claveraok) in Columbia county, is called "Potkoke" in Lami Papert, IIL, 124. — Ea 


Conference between Governm' Fletcher and ilie River Indians. 

[New- York Entries, A. 174.] 

Conference between Coll Fletcher and some Sachims of the River Indians at 
Albany 4. December 1696. transmit"* by Coll : Fletcher to M"' Brooks and 
M' Nicoll in his letter of the 20'" of Decerab' 1696. 

The Schackooke River Indians being sent for by His Excell'^y Coll : Benjamin Fletcher Capt" 
General and Gov"' in chief of his Maj''* province of New York ettc. only two Sachims with 
some of their young men appeared. 

Present — His Excellency the Governour 

Maj'' Peter Schuyler, of His Maj'" Council 
Maj'' Derick Wessells Mayor of Albany 
D'' Dellius Minister of the same. 

His Excellency said : Children. 

I send for you to let you know my sence of the good service you have latel}'' done in cutting 
off those French and Indians our common Enemy, who came here to make what destruction 
they could upon the subjects of my Master the Great King of England ettc. those men fight 
not like Soldiers, and siiould be used as beasts of prey. 

You have received the encouragement promised by my Proclamation, six pounds a head, and 
I do expect a continuance of your fervour in the prosecuting tiiese common enemies, disturbers 
of our Peace, and you may expect all due incouragement for what service you shall do. 

I am further to acquaint you that I shall want some scouts this winter to March up to the 
lake to make what discovery they can of the motion of the French. 

I expect you should name able and active young men, such as can be confided in, and I 
shall see them paid and send some Christians with them. 

Children. I hear 3'ou are much dispersed and scattered upon the River, in so much that I 
can not see a body of you, by this you become weak and a prey to your Enemies. I do therefore 
require you to settle together and that I may see you in a body as the Five nations, by which 
you will be stronger, and better able to secure yourselves and do service for the Country. 

Some murders have been lately committed in New England by Indians, who they conclude 
to be of your nation ; the Governor of that place has desired me to lay my commands on you 
that none of your people may hunt that way. 

I do therefore advise you as my children that you give obedience to this my command, that 
none of you may move into those parts they have sett the price of 50 pounds a head for every 
strange Indian that's brought in, let this caution you. 

I give you this kegg of Rum to comfort your liearts this cold weather, so I bid you Adieu. 

The oldest of the Sachims called Suckwame answers: — 

Father. Many of our Sachims are out now a hunting we are but few here we dayly expect 
them to return and thank our father for his advice, when our Brethren return we shall then 
give a full answer to what our Father has now said. 


Dirk Wessells Mayor. 


Information of two River Indians bout the French's design of invade Albany 
let"" of Decemb"" 1696. transmitted in Coll : Fletcher's letter to M' Brook 
and M' Nicolls of the 20"" December last. 

The examination oftwo of the River Indians called Nassayoungua and Wassackquasanto 
taken before His Excel^y Coll: Benj" Fletcher Capt" General and Governour 
in chief of his Maj"" province of New York ettc: Major Peter Schuyler of His 
]Maj"" Council and Major Dirick Wessells Mayor of Albany. — 

Who gives this account that one of their Brethren named Olassan being with some of the 
Onongonges Indians at Canida and lately returned to their Castle which is within two days 
inarch of the said Onongonges.' 

Says that the French Count declared that he resolved to march a considerable force against 
Albany this Winter and cutt off" that place ; I together with my comrade being out a hunting 
took into consideration to acquaint our brethren at Albany with the intelligence, that they 
may strengthen their Guards and be not surprized by the Enemy, and accordingly we are come 
and give the said account — 

signed Dirk Wessells Mayor. 

Governor Fletcher to Messrs. Brooh and Nicolls. 

[New-Tork Entries, A. 163.] 

Letter from Coll : Fletcher to M"' Brook and M' Nicolls dated Albany the iSU"* 
of Dec'' last d'd to the board by the said M"" Brook and M' Nicolls. 


I have given you an account of my voyage to this place, the threats of the Enemy and 
frights of the Inhabitants obliged me to make this my winter quarters. 

Since I closed my former, some things occurred to my crazy and disturbed head which I 
think fit to mind you both of, tho' I do not question either your memories or diligence in the 
affairs committed to your care in which tiiis poor province is so deepl)' concerned. 
Therevona<-not The reveuue is small, uncertain and depending upon Trade, in which we have 

above £8000 pr r o r ' 

annum. receivcd great loss, I think at best its but three thousand pounds a year. 

The ch.irsc of the The Salaries and incidentals of this war, sloop hire, transportation, presents to 

war double that _ ' f i r ' r 

™"~ Indians with the necessary repair of our wooden Fortifications ettc does call for 

If they be not as- at least twice that sum yearly; so tiiat unless means be found out for supply 

eisled ihey can not i - i • /« i t-, . 

subsist and assistance during this war, I can't see what will become of the Frovince. 

I have not the Secretary or Clark of Council with me, neither my own books or 
memorials to help my memory, but I offer these things to you as proper to be urged for our 

1 Eastern Indians, or Abenakis. The Kennebec is called Onakonquc, in Albany Records, VI., 4U2, in Secretary's Office. — Ed. 

Vol. IV. 32 


His proposition for Coniiecticutt is a Colony full of meia, if instead of the one hundred and 

the reijulation of t n i t /^ 

the Qu..ia in iiie twentv nicu wliich thev are commanded by the Crown to send upon mv 

several Colonics. *' *' ^ l j 

Connecticut application, which they are also obliged to pay and arm, that upon the weakning 

of His Maj'-^'* four companies by deatli or desertion, they be commanded to send one hundred 

men or such number as shall be wanting to compleat the said companies within the compass of 

the said one hundred which they may exchange or relieve yearly if they desire it. 

Jerseys The Jcrscys is also convenient for assistance of men, and may very well spare 

forty to be quartered on the frontiers, and be annually relieved if they desire it. 

Pensiivania Pensilvania whose principles will not permitt them to contribute to the spilling 

of man's blood may be commanded instead of their Quota of men to pay four hundred 

pounds yearly. 

sianiand. Maryland instead of their proportion of men pay five hundred pounds yearly. 

Virginia Virginia instead of theirs to pay one thousand pounds yearly. 

This is the least I can propose for the security of this province upon which depends the 
safety of all the rest, and is far short of those succors, which they were formerly obliged by 
the Royal commands to send us. 

These summs of mouy to be paid unto the Receiver Cenerall of His Maj'^"' province of 
New York, and an exact account to be kept of the disposition of it by him and the deputy 
auditor that the several Govern" may see if they desire it, that its applyed to such uses and no 
other as does contribute no less to their security tlian that of this province. 

You both know what constructions have been made of former orders, how the sence and 
genuine meaning of them has been wrested by their interpretations to excuse them from 
paying any obedience to those Royal commands. 

So that if any orders he obtained you will take care that they be positive and no loop holes 
left for them to creep out of 
New England bar- We Can exoect no assistance from New England, they are sufficiently harrassed, 

rassM and can give <j >/ j 

no Assistance. the Fort of Pcmaquid lately taken from them. 

Rhode Island obeys Rhode Islaiid pavs uo obediencc to any command from the Crown. 

no command from a ^ ./ 

the Crown. Yqu well know our Assembly will not be prevailed upon to give money for the 

The Assembly will •' ' ,, 

not give money for payment 01 men on the frontiers, otherwise then for a limited time, and such 

the Soldiers but for ' "^ 

a limited time— mouey comes in heavily, so that it does not answer the end. The men many 
Soldiers often dis- times break up and disband before the money is received (from the Country) 

banded before their . _ ^ ■' ^ •' ' 

money can be raised which occasions clamour, and the great mischief is, there is no reinforcement to 

The ill consequen- 
ces thereof, supply the places of those who are discharged, this being done by act of Assembly 

(which is Publick) our Enemies know our weakness at such times, which renders us lyable 

to a surprise. 

Eemetiy. To prevent this inconvenience my whole endeavours are to keep up His 

Maj'y'' companies by recruits from Connecticut ettc, which will be more for His Maj'^' service 

as being much easier and readier then to expect them out of England. 

He desires stores. I must again iiiiud you to solicite for the stores of war according to a list 

formerly sent to the Plantation office, I have not a copy of it in this place; we have not flints 

in tills Garrison nor York for one hours firing. 

And two barrels of ^ therefore earnestly desire two Barells of muskett Flints, and may be sent 

Musquet Flints. ^^ ^j^^ g^^^ gj^j^^^ 


HetrnnsmitsthcEx- Just HOW an Iiuliiiii coiiics to iiic froiii Oiionffoiiffo, I Send liis examination. 

aniiniition of an In- 

di.inofononpingo. ]\£r Livinfifstoa comcs upon us with a Comniission for one hundred and thirty 

He complains of Mr. o i j 

bcin"'u)OKrcat!'"^ pounds 3 year as Secretary or agent to the Indians, a place never known here, 
nor of any use; fifty i)ound a year as Collector ettc Tiiis amounts to a great 
sum especially when w'e groan under so great a hurthen, and the revenue is not less then two 
whole years in debt, and the inhabitants of the Province much impoverish'd by the 
pressures of this war. 

iiisncciofMr Thls man by false insinuatioHS to the Lords of his sufferings, has prevailed 

Lmugston. upon their Lordi" for these salaries when you, the Council, and all men know, 

he has made a considerable fortune by his employments in the Government, never disbursing 
six pence, but with the expectation of twelve pence, his beginning being a little Book keeper, 
he has screwed himself into one of the most considerable estates in the province, you have 
the opinion of the Council upon this head, in which I do concurr and hope you'll endevour to 
keep a man of such vile principles from sucking any more the blood of the Province, for he 
has been a very spunge to it. 

I know I shall be hard push'd at upon his score, but if T suffer 'tis in a righteous cause, for 
he is known by all men here, to have neither Religion nor morality, his whole thirst being at 
any rate and by any ways to inrich himself and has said as I am credibly informed by many 
persons, he had rather be called knave Livingston, then poor Livingston. 

I protest to you my whole intent in the urging this matter is His INIaj'''^' service and the good 
of the Province, his salaries which amounts to one hundred and four score pounds a year this 
money is more then either the Judges or any other officer appointed by the Commission for 
this Govern' is allowed. I do not see how he can be paid at least while the war lasts, nor of 
what use those officers are — I am 


Your Affectionate friend & servant 

Albany 20"" Dec' 1696. Ben: Fletcher. 

Governor FletcJiei' to Messrs. Brook and Nicolh. 

[ New-York Entries, A. 179. ] 

Letter from Coll: Fletcher to M'' Brooks and M' Nicolls agents for New York 
delivered by them to the Board. 


My disordered head for my late loss has occasioned a wrong calculation but mj' desire is 
that these Colonies may give such assistance that I may be enabled to keep a constant body of 
five hundred men here including His Maj'^' three companies three hundred of the nund)er, by 
which I may Garrison Cenestigaona and the half moon, which will be a cover to all our out 
farms, and prevent the inroads of sculking parties ; be a security to Connecticutt and our little 
towns down the River — I am 


Your affectionate friend & servant 

Albany Dec' the 21. 1696. Benj: Fletcher. 


Mcinoyial of Mr. Livingston to tlie Board of Trade. 

[New-Tork, (B. T.) TI., 807.] 

as* Dec' 1696 
To the Right Hon'''* the Lords of the Committee of Trade and Plantations. 

The case of Robert Livingston most humbly represented to there Lordships 

May it please Your Lordships. 

After the e.xhibicon of my peticon to His E.xcell. and Councill y' lO"" of Septemb. 1C96. I 
did attend a Committee of y* Councill, when I produced to them the vouchers mentioned in 
the said peticon, to whicli tliere was no opposition but unto y' assignm'* of Lief Sharpe, 
Yetts, and others, whicli they alleadged I had bouglit, and for which tliey had already issued 
warrants. I acquainted tliem that I had those assignments for satisfaction for money I lent 
them to subsist themselves and family in y" time of y" Revolution here, when they were out 
of service and could not procure bread of any other person, and they were so senceible of my 
kindenesse to them, y' for my reimbursement they made me y' same assignment; which I 
pressed might be allow'd me ; however could have no answer but what is so gen" which I 
have anne.xed to a copy of y'^ peticon now sent; but what was objected I have hereunder 

Object^ That I cannot have a preference for y' money due by y" Additionall duty, 
because it is by a new act, so appropriated y' it cannot be changed. 
Aiisw'' — Tiie first Act was so appropriated y* y" uses could not be changed without a 
perversion of y*" law ; and if that had been duly executed, there had been no complaint now, 
for y'' law assigu'd eight quarterh^ payments, so there could be stop'd a quarterly payment at a 
time for y' supply of those extraordinary necessities alleadged; but it seems there was never 
a quarterly payment due; but there always happen'd such an extraordinary necessity, that y" 
money could never be employed to y" right use, which is very rare to happen in any 
governm' without design that such extraordinary necessities should happen eight severall 
times so successively to defeat y"" uses of a law made for y' payment of a warrant from y' 
Right Hon"'" y' Lords of y-^ Treasury of England. 

Objections against His Maj" Commission. 

That there never was any such office of Secretary or Agent to the Indians, and 
therefore no sallary allowed, but executed by the Town Clerk, ex officio. 
Answ'' It is true that as I was Town Clerk I did officiate in the station as Secretary to y^ 
Indians and have ever been so called by y" Indians since j' year 1675. as all y' town of 
Albany can witnesse but the drawing interpreting and translateing of y* Indian Propositions, 
as I did, from Dutch into English, was never done by any Town Clerk before ; moreover it has 
been since y" warr, forty times more troublesome then in former times, as the returns to y= 
Plantation Office can wittnesse, and is y* reason of my addresse unto his Maj'^ for a sallary 
for y same, and if considered by my noble Lords, y" refusall of his Maj" Commission will only 
proceed from mallice, for y" duty is at all times & seasons. When y" Indians come with any 
intelligence or propositions, it is first taken from y" Interpreter & putt into Dutch, and from y* 


Dutch traiislateil into Englisli, ami after y' corrected, then writt fair & sent to his Excell: and 
and tlien registered in a book by itself, and other copies made as His Excell : shall direct ; and 
tins done perhaps forty or fifty times in a year, besides y* solemn negotiations with them and 
his Excell. commonly once or twice a year; so all mankinde may judge whether any person 
can doe that for nothing ; besides the attendance and writing, I iiave been accustomed to runn 
up and downe, and buy y^ Indian presents, to keep account of them and putt them in order, 
w'''' iiath often hindred me from other businesse of great moment. Nor doe they consider at y' 
time of Coll : P'letchers arriveall, when y' Province was in greater distresse than now, being 
considerably in debt, and not haveing such assistance from our neighbouring Collonyes as since 
his arriveall, that he erected a new Office of Accomptant Generall, and gave to one of his 
domesticks with y* sallary of fifty pounds p"' ann™ and established another sallary of i.'50 p' 
Ann"' on y' Gierke of y* Councill and ^100 p"" Annum on the Atturney General!, which never 
W'ere before, but being of his owne establishment, y" necessities of y" Province could be easily 
step'd over; but now because of His Mat'" Establishment, y' necessities of y'' Province (which 
are not half so great, provision being made to pay y' debts of y* government) must be a barr 
to Plis Maj" Commission, tho' a worse necessity must be dispensed with to gratify Collonel! 
Fletchers Commission. 

It is objected I am a Scotchman, and so by a new Act of Parlameut cannot oflieiate in 
y'^ Treasury. 
Ansuf It is true I am of Scotland by birth, but born after King James the First came to the 
Crown of Engl'' and as all others of y' nation liveing and purchaseing lands in England an the 
Plantations have always been esteemed upon all tryalls where that has been controverted, as 
native English, now after my liveing in y" Province of N. Yorke 22 years with a Commission 
in the Government and owner of a great many tracts of land and buildings of a considerable 
value; if after all this I must become an Alien, what must those be that are in the Councill 
and all other places of trust throwout the government, that are of French and Dutch birth and 
have not that naturalization I have, they at y* same time being by y'' act of Parlament as 
iUR'a])able to be concerned in y" Courts and Treasury as I am, and if y" interpretation of y" 
law be such y' none can officiate in those stations but such as are native English, according to 
the liberall construction, then there must be a new Collony of English natives transplanted 
here to ofHciate in these Stations. 

It is further objected that I have gott all my estate by y* Government. 
Ansuf What estate it hath pleased God to blesse me with I have gain'd with great industry 
and pains, as most of y'' Province can witnesse ; but if it be by the government, it is by lending 
and advancing it for y' service of the governm' without so much as bare interest, and if this 
be the thanks for my former services, I am very unhappy ; When I victualled in Coll : Dongan's 
time, I was 23 or •2^Q0£ advance ; when in Coll : Sloughter and Coll. Ingoldesby's time a 1000^ 
in advance, and on Colonell Fletchers arriveall when 1 begann by y" delayes I mett with in y* 
payment, to be weary of continuing in y' station, inquiry was made for others to undertake y* 
service, but could fynde none; then Coll. Fletcher imployed INP Brooke now in England and 
others, to treat with me to accept again : then it seems 1 was not in their esteem so despicable 
a person y' could advance for y' subsiting of 300 men besides y* souldiers in garrison, at least 
14 or ISOOi; and be out of my money a year before it was repaid; and when I left it off, j'* 
government could not fynde others to serve them on so easy terms, but was forced to advance 
money to y^ Victuallers, and does to this day. 


It is also objected that I uever received y* Quitt Rents nor had authority for y" receiving 
y' same. 
Ansuf By severall patents in y* County of Albany, y^ Quitrents are made payable at y* 
Citty of Albany ; of all such I have rec** orders of M'' Brooke, His Maj" Receiver Gen' to 
receive them, and have transmitted them to him at N. Yorke, as appeareth p' M'' Brooke's 
receit from y*" year 1G92. to Novemb'' 1694; but if y' be an offence also, to look after y"" Quitt 
Rents, receive y" and transmitt them to y' Receiver Gen" without any reward, I am verry 
willing to be excused from it; but I am sure if y" like care had been taken throwout y' rest of 
y^ Province, y' Treasury here would not now be so empty, 

RoBT Livingston. 

Memorial of Messrs. Brook and Nicolls to the Lords of Trade. 

[New-York Entries, A. 6C.] 

To the Right Hon"^ His Maj"" Commiss" for Trade and Plantations — 

The agents for New York humbly represent, that having been sent from New York by the 
Governor, Council and Assembly, to lay before His Maj'^ the State of the Countrey, and 
humbly to praj^ that some further Assistance may be given that Province against the French, 
they have pursuant to their instructions and Your Lord?' directions proposed several matters 
as necessary for that purpose, whereupon divers orders upon Your LordP' representation to 
■His Maj"' have been given for the strengthning that Government against the French. 

But in as much as no diretions have been as yet given upon the following heads which the 
said Agents have [ humbly] laid before Your Lord?' viz' 

Jntrm'iy"bt fern" First: That cloths and other necessaries for the Indians may be yearly sent 

nSs of Indiana™ over as presents, to encourage the Five nations against the French. 

ImalJyrttetobe ^^ That the Garrison at Albany with the adjacent posts of Schanectade, 

oraxi'atihete™™ Canestigione, the half moon, the IMill and the Flatts may be made up a thousand 

men or five hundred at the least. 

stone Foris to be 3'^. That a regular Stone Fort may be built at Albany at the King's charge 

built at Albany ettc ° •' . , ^ 

at the King's charge, and Other fortificatious at Schenectade, Canestigaoue the half Moon the 

Mill and the Flatts. 

A settlement near 4'^ That a stroug Fort and a good settlement may be made in some convenient 

the Lakes. , t . 

place near the Lakes. 
Recruits of men 5. That Dlrectious may be given for a yearly Recruit of men and Stores 

and Stores— J a j j 

during the Warr. 
?oTeside"lmongT ^'^ That some hardy Youths of good naturall parts and well understanding 
the Indians. Grammar may be sent over to reside among the Indians and learn their language. 

English Clergy to V"" That som Eugllsh Clergy may be encouraged to dwell for some time 

reside amongst the , i^i. • i-n t-it* 

Indians. amongst those people to endeavour their conversion to the Protestant iteugion. 


madr°L"ung-° ■■"' 8"- That the pay of the King's Soldiers may be encreased to sterling money. 
The said Agents humbly pray that some orders may be given iij)oii tliese heads. 

Chid: Brooke 
7"- Jan"- 109G. W"' Nicoll 

The Lords of Trade to Governor Fletcher. 

[Now-Tork Entries, A. 68.] 

To the Hon'"''' Benjamin Fletcher Esquire Capt General and Governor in chief in and over 
His Maj'" Province of New York and the Territorys depending thereon in America or to 
the Commander in Chief for the time being. 

We herewithall Iransmitt to you a Duplicate of our former letter which was dated the 25"' 
Sepf last and have since then received your severall letters of the 13"' of July, 22'' of August, 
17 & IS"" of Sepf to M' Blathwayt, as also two of the 22"' of August and one of the l?"" of 
Sepf to the Lords of the late Committee, the contents of all whicli have been duly considered. 
And the matters that have appeared to us of any importance to the Province of New Yorke, 
whether mentioned in any of those letters or suggested to us by Memorials from M' Brook 
and ftp Nicolls Agents for that province here have been laid before His INIaj'''. 
KniistincofMenio And we are thereupon now to inform you that His Mai'^ does approve of the 

mi up the four ' . ■' . . V. ■ 1 

companies— method you havB taken for keeping up the four companies in that Province by 

increasing the pay of the Soldiers four pence a day, and the allowing of three pound p'' head 
upon the inlisting of new ones for which you say the Assembly of that i'roviuce have 
provided a fund until May next. And His INIaj'^ has thereupon directed us to require You to 
use your best endevours for the continuance of the same methods until recruits can be sent 
from hence, or till His Maj'-^ shall otherwise declare his pleasure thereupon. 
Deserters and '^° remedy the desertions that you complain of as occasioned by the reception 

Fugitives. given to deserters and fugitives in the neighbouring Provinces His Maj'^ has been 

pleased to order us, to write to his several Governors in all his Colonies and provinces in 
America, that they take care in each of theif respective Govern" that effectual laws be made 
against receiving, and harbouring not only of deserters but also of such fugitives as leave any 
of his Plantations contrary to the laws provided for that purpose in each Plantation respectively, 
which order we have already communicated to some, and are continuing to do it to others as 
opportunity offers — And you are therefore likewise in the same manner required to 
observe it. 

I'irats.— And whereas further complaints have been made to His Maj"' from other 

Colonies and especially from Jamaica, that the great temptation to Piracy by the entertainment 
given to Pirats in several places has been another means of seducing their inhabitants from 
them. And His Maj'^ being highly sencible how much such practices tend to tlie dishonour of 
the English name and nation, has thereupon ordered us stricktly to require the respective 
Governors of all His Plantations to take due care for the future that no Pirates or sea Robbers 
be anywhere sheltered or entertained under the severest penalties. Wee are obliged in giving 


you this notice to recommend it so much the more particularly to your care, by reason that in 
tiie Informations lately given upon occasion of the Tryall of several of Every's ci-ew, your 
Govern' is named as a place of protection for such like villains, and your favour in particular 
to Capt" Tue given as an instance of it. 
Caleb ncathfoaio Upou Your dcsire that RP Caleb Heathcot be confirmed one of the Council in 

to be of the CouucU. 

that Province His Maj'-^ has accordingl}' been pleased to order it. But we are 
tliereupon to inibrme you tliat nobody appearing in M"' Heathcot's behalf to take out the 
Warrant, it has lain for some wliile and lies yet without effect. The reason of this has been 
told to us to be, because he is about removing from thence ; but however we desire you upon 
upon this occasion to take care for the future, that whoever you recommend upon the like occasion 
may appoint somebody here to look after the dispatch of what is desired for tliem — 
Engineer Upou your desire for four hundred light Fuzees to be disposed of amongst the 

Indians and a more particular memorial about an Engenier Stores ettc, by the forementioued 
agents of New York, His Maj'^ has been pleased to order that an Engenier be accordingly sent 
thither together with the forementioued Fuzees and a supply of stores according to the 
following list : 

Viz' — Cannon Powder 60 Barrels 

Fine Powder 40. Barrels 

Match 100 weight 

Showells and Spades 8 dozen. 

Hand basketts 100. 

Stock locks large 4. dozen 

Spring locks d" 4. dozen. 

a Bell for the use of the Fort : 30 inch: diameter 

Muskett locks for spare Barrells 50. 

Hooks and Fringes larg and small S dozen. 

Starch for making up Cartriges 50. pounds. 

White lead. Red d° with others Colours 100 weight 

Falcon Shott 200 d"> 

White marlin 50 pounds 

Cartridge boxes for demy Cannon 2 dozen 

Lanthorns ordinary 1. d" 

Lamb black " J 2. barrels 

Two hundred shells for Mortars and six Union Flags which we doubt not but the agents 
will accordingly take care to see shipt — 
Accounts of stores But uDou this subject of Stores as wee thus inform you of His Mai'^'^ care for 

required. l J J J 

your supply, so we are also to direct you to send us frequent and particular 
accounts of the consumption and remains of the Stores that are sent to you which may be a 
guide in any deliberation here about the further quantities, that may from time to time be 
needfuU, which we shall expect to see punctually observed. — 

Eichmond Frigat We hcaving also laid before His Maj'^ what you write about the great charge 
and little use of the Richmond Frigat, for the defence of that and the neighbouring provinces, 
His Maj's' has thereupon been pleased to order that the said Frigat be recalled, and that another 
light and quick sailer be sent in her place, which to continue there during all the summer, 


Regulation of con- cruisincr under your direction for the service and guard of that and the neighbouring 
Provinces, and towards the beginning of Winter to saue as a convoy with any 
siiips bound from those provinces to Barbados, the Leeward Ishmds or Jamaica, and there to 
stay for the defence of any of those Islands, and tiie Trade thereof till the Merchant Ships shall 
return from llience to England in the spring, when she also is to return witli them as an 
additional strength to their convoy, and in order to supply her place in New York that another 
man of war of like force be annually sent from hence thither, to be there against the end of 
each winter, and to be imployed in like manner in the above mentioned services. This is the 
method that has appeared to us most useful! and most practicable, for the service of all those 
Colonies, but if there be anything in it unequitable thereunto, and j)articularly to the season of 
your ships carrying provisions to the Southern Plantations, we desire you to inform us thereof 
that a lleformation may be made therein accordingly — 
compininisngstiho Several other complaints having also been made to us, that the Capt" of the 


Fr.gut. Richm'' Frigat had kept a Brewhouse and Bakehouse for the service not only of 

his own ship, but of Merchant men, and that lie did not keep up the complement of his seamen 

compleat. We are thereupon to desire you to have an eye upon the conduct of the companies 

of His Maj'^' ships in that province, in order to the prevention of all such irregularities for the 


comtnnmiraofiiis Aud to enable you the better to do this and Generally to inspect His Maj'^"' 

inlilTth.-Th-ec'tion Naval Scrvice in that Province, we shall next acquaint you that it is His Maj**" 

of Governors iti'ii", jiiii 

pleasure which he has accordingly directed to be observed that all tlie 
Commanders of His ships of war that are sent to any of his Plantations for the defence and 
service thereof, be under the direction of the Governours of each of those respective 
Plantations, during their continuance there. And further that when any Capt" or Commander 
Press of Seamen of auy His sliips iu auy of His said plantations shall have occasion for seamen to 
serve on board the ships under their Command, they do make their application to the Governors 
or Commanders in chief of His Maj'^" I'lantations respectively to whom as vice Admiralls, His 
Vice Admis power Maj'^ is plcased to couimitt the solc power of impressing seauieu in au)- of His 
Plantations in America or in sight of any of tliem, such Governors or Commanders in chief 
being at the same time required upon such application to take care that His Maj')" said ships of 
war be furnished with the number of seamen that may be necessary for His Maj'J" service on 
board the said ships from time to time. 
Expedition of the Your diligence in repairing to Albany upon advice of Mons"' Prontenac's late 

>'reneti against tlie ^ r o .' i 

Indians. expedition, his speedy retreat upon your approach and the care you were taking 

thereupon for the relief of your neighbour Indians and for confirming them in our friendships 
are all things that we observe with satisfaction. And whereas you thereupon renew your 
complaints of the backwardness of several of your neighbour Colonies in supplying their 
Qu<to Quota appointed by Her late Maj"" for the defence of those frontiers we have 

writt to some and as occasion offers shall write to every one of these, the most effectually we 
are able, that they be more observant of a regulation so absolutely necessary to their common 
Conduct towards Upou the information that has been given us of the great advantage that the 

Indiana * ^. t_ ^- 

French draw from the Methods they practice of insinuating into the friendship 
and familiarity of the Indians, and especially by their sending some of them over into France, 
from time to time in order to strike their mindes, with an idea of the French strength, we can 
Vol. IV. 33 


not but mind you as much as in you lies, to do the same thing by endevouring if possible to 

accustomo some of your neighbour Indians to our manners and sending some hardy youths 

amongst them, to be inured to their fatigues and learn their language, and especially by all the 

engaging arts you conceive most proper to persuade some of them to consent to be transported 

hither, with assurance of their being well used in their passage botli, forwards and backwards 

and very kindly entertained, whilst lu^re, that they may be thereby filled with an advantagious 

opinion of His Maj'^"' greatness and power. 

Pubiiok Papers Bcsides your letters that we have mentioned in the beginning of this we have 

received also the publick papers therein specified, anu)ngst which are several 

Associntions Associatious, but all of them (except one signed by a few civil Officers in Albany 

(ii-rcctive. _ \ I a J J 

County ) defective in a very essential expression, which is not well ; however since 
then the agents of that province having shewn us another in due form signed b)' yourself and 
the military Officers, we shall say no more of the first ommission. Amongst tiiese papers we 
Laws find also upon examination a copy of those laws under the seal of your province, 

of which we mentioned in our last letter another copy without a seale, and they w'ith many 
of longer date, that we received Irom the late Committee are now all under consideration. 
Three Lieutonanis. together also wltli the couiplaiuts of the three Lieut" and the case of M' Levingstou, 
upon all or any of which when any determination is made you shall be informed of it. 


T Bridgewater 
W" Blathwayt 
John Pollexfen 
Phil : Meadows. 
Whitehall 1° Febr>' 169f. Ab' Hill. 

Order in Council about (lie i/wo Mohawk Indians brought to Loiulon. 

[New-York Entries, A. S3. ] 

At the Court at Kensington the 25"' of Febi-y 1G96. 

Present — The Kings most Excell Maj'^ in Council 

His Majesty being informed that two of the lour Indians (of the Five nations dependances 
of New York and under His Maj'-^'' protection) that were made prisoners at the surrender of 
York Fort in Hudsons Bay to Capt" Allen, are brought up to this town, was thereupon pleased 
this day to order in Council, that the said Indians be put into the care of M"" William NicoU 
and M"" Chidleigh Brooke agents of the Colony of New Yorke who are not to permitt Mons'' 
De la Forest late Gov'' of the said Fort or any other person to speak with them without leave 
from M'' Secretary Trumbull, and the said agents are to see that the Indians together with 
their interpreter be well accommodated and treated during their stay here, and when tht>y 
return to that Colony to take them into their company, and to see them provided with all 


necessarys for tlieir passage, and it is further ordered by His Maj'^, that the Commissioners for 
sick and wounded Men and prisoners of war, do forthwith furnish the said Agents with such 
allowances, as the Council of trade shall judge fitt to direct for the senices aforesaid; which 
sum or sums are to be allowed the said Commissioners upon their accompt. 

\ John Nicholas. 

Heport of the Board of Trade on tJie Union of New-Yorlc with otlcer Colonies. 

[New-EngUud B. T. Entriet, A. ISt] 

To the King's most Excellent Majestt 

May it please your Majesty 

In obedience to your Majesty's Order in Council dated the lO"" of December last, we having 
taken into consideration the Representation of your Majesty's Lieutenant Governor, Councill 
and Assembly of the Massachusetts Bay in New England thereunto annexed, humbly praying 
that your Majesty's severall governments within those territories may be jointly concerned in 
the prosecution of the war and supporting the charge thereof; and having at the same time 
received severall memorialls from the Agents of that Province here, and from other persons 
concerned both in that and the neighbouring colonies relating to an Union proposed to be made 
amongst them for common defence; We humbly beg leave to lay before Your Majesty the 
state of what has been offered to us upon that subject. 

The importance and advantages of an Union for mutual defence and common security are 
by all sides agreed on ; but the objections against the methods proposed for putting it in 
execution are various, according to the different interests of those by whom they are made. 

The proposition chiefly insisted on in the foremeutioned Memorials is that the person whom 
Your Majesty shall be pleased to send Govemour of the Massachusetts Colony may also be 
the Civil Govemour of New York and New Hampshire and General! of all the Forces of the 
Massachusetts New York and New Hampshire Connecticutt, Rhode Island and the Jerseys, 
connociirut Aeont But to this the aijent of Connecticut here (in the name of the Govemour and 

Bgaiust Ihe Union. ^ ^ M -T 

Company of that Colony) has objected, that the imposing even a Military 
Governor over them, with power to demand men ammunition and provisions, and to lead and 
carry their men at the pleasure of the said General, out of the said Colony, without consent 
and advice of the said Governour and Company, will be hard on the inhabitants, and (as they 
conceive ) contrary to their charter. 
Propripinr of New The proprietor of New Hampshire ( who by vour Majesties appointment is the 

Hampshire against ' ,'i. -iiUl-i* 

ye Union. prcscnt Govemour thereof) has alsoobjccted to ushis reasons against tlie subjecting 

of that Province to the Government of the Massachusetts ; as tending to increase a charge upon 
the inhabitants there, without any addition to their security, and without any appearance (as he 
argues ) of assurance to Your Majesty that the government of the said Pro\'ince will be better 
administered by strangers than by the said Proprietor and the inhabitants themselves. 
New York Aeenu The Agcuts of New York have more particularly than others opposed the 

against ye Union. ^^. .,, ^-, - 

Union of that Province and the Massachusetts under one Civill Governor by 


these following considerations: — The nearest limits of those Provinces (say they) are two 
hundred miles distant from one another, Connecticut and Rhode Island lye betwen them, 
New York being the less both in bounds and strength & being most exposed to the enemy, is 
incapable of giving any assistance to the Massachusets in time of danger, the towns of New 
York & Boston having been always rivalls in trade, this Union would (in that respect) be 
very prejudicial! to the former. The residence of the Governour of New Yorke at Boston 
would oblige the inhabitants of New Yorke to repaire thither, upon many occasions relating to 
the Civill Administration, and be very grievous and burdensome to them. The Sallary of the 
Governer of New York being paid out of certain funds raised by the General Assembly of that 
Province for a limited time, and expended by him amongst them, it would seem a hardship to 
them if that money should be issued out of the Province for the support of the Governour 
residing at Boston. 
The Massachusetts To whlcli the forementioned Agents of the Massachusets have answered: — that 

Agents answer to 

theioregoingob- tjjg distaucB betwccn the territories of New Yorke and the Massachusetts is 


much lesse than the Agents of New York have represented it, and that the 
inconveniencies by them said to be consequential of the residence of a Governor at Boston, 
may be avoided by his removall sometimes (as occasion shall require) to New Yorke, and at 
other times by having constantly a Deputy there. But what they finally pray is, that the 
advantage of a Military Head or Captain Generall being agreed to, Your ]Majesty would 
tlierefore be pleased to appoint one accordingly, and the support of such a Captain Generall 
requiring necessarily a much greater expence than any other particular Governour, they 
submitt their proposition of uniting the Governments of the Massachusetts, New York and New 
Hampsliire ( in order to the better defraying of that charge ) unto Your Majesty's Royall pleasure. 
Opinion. This being the state of that matter as it hath been sett forth to us the 

forementioned Memorials ; and we having also humbly laid before their Excellencies the late 
Lords Justices (by our Representation dated the 30"" of September last') our opinion that it is 
hardly possible Your Majesty's Colonies on the Northerne Continent of America, can be 
preserved, unlesse Your Majesty shall be pleased to constitute during this war, some 
active vigilant and able man to be Captain Generall of all Your Majesty's forces and of 
all the Militias of those Colonies; which opinion we then grounded upon a report of 
your INIajesty's Attorney and Solicitor Generall dated the 2'' of April 1694 declaring it 
Your Majesty's right to constitute a Chief Commander with such authority, especially 
during the war; and further also we having more particularly proposed to Your Majesty 
(by our Representation dated the 25"' November last) that the Governour whom your 
Majesty shall please to constitute over the Province of the Massachusetts Bay may likewise 
have the superior command throughout all New England for the security and defence thereof 
during the war: We now humbly crave leave to add that the distinct Proprieties, Charters, 
and diti'erent ibrms of Government in severall of those neighbouring Colonies, make all other 
Union, except under such a Military Head (in our opinion) at present impracticable, and that 
what hath yet been done towards such a Military Union for Conmion defence (by the 
appointment of a Quota in the year 1694) hath been so little complied with, that it requires 
the exertion of a more vigorous power than hath hitherto been practised, to make it produce 
the desired effect. 

But upon the whole, it being evident that notwithstanding the different constitutions of the 

' See ante, p. 227. — Ed. 


Governments of tlie Massacliusetts, New Hampshire and New York, j'el Your Majesty hath the 
right of appointing Governours in all tliose places, and also (according to the forenientioned 
opinion of Your Majesty's Attorney and Sollicitor Generall) the right of constituting a Military 
Head both over them and all other Your Majesty's Provinces, Colonies and Plantations in 
America during the time of war: We are humbly of opinion that Your Majesty be graciously 
pleased to constitute a fit person to be Governor over the Provinces of New York, Massachusetts 
Bay and New Hampshire, and that the same person be also Captaine Generall of all Your 
Majesty's forces both there and in Connecticut, Rhode Island and the Jerseys, and that the 
cheif residence of such Governor or Captaine Generall during the vi-ar be appointed to be at 
New York, that the Province being most in danger to be attacked by the enemy, and the 
inhabitants not one fourth part of the number that are in Massachusetts, and also, because the 
sallary of .£000. now paid to that Governor arises (or has been alledged) out of subsidies 
granted by the Assemblj' there. But ueverthelesse that the said Governor or Captaine Generall 
may have liberty to remove from thence to Boston and back againe from time to time, leaving 
Lieutenants in either place respectively as occasion shall require 

And in the last place we are also humbly of opinion that the Generall Assemblies of all 
those neighbouring Colonies by the prudent conduct of such a Captaine Generall may be 
made to understaiul their own true interest and thereby induced to enact such laws in tlieir 
respective governments as shall be necessary to enable the said Captaine Generall to execute 
Your Majesty's Commissions, so as shall be most for your ISIajesty's service, their own defence 
and generall advantage 

All which neverthelesse is most humbly submitted 

signed J. Bridgewater 


Whitehall Ph. Meadows 

Februar}' the 25 . Jn" Pollexfen 

169f. Abr. Hill. 

DuTce of Shrewsbury to the Lords of Trade. 

[New-England Enlries, B. T. A.143.] 

My Lords 

The King has been pleased to appoint the Earl of Bellomont to be Governor of the Provinces 
of New Yorke, Massachusets Bay and New Hampshire and to be Captaine Generall during the 
War, of all His Majesty's forces both there and in Connecticutt, Rhode Island and the Jerseys; 
which I signifie to your Lordships by His Majesty's directions that you may give orders to have 
his severall commissions and instructions prepared accordingly. 

I am. My Lords 
Whitehall Your Lordships most humble Serv' 

16 March lG9f. Shrewsbury. 

To the Lords of the Coimcil 
of Trade and Plantations. 


The Lords of Trade to iJie King. 

[ New England Entries, B. T. A.152. ] 

To the Kings Most Excellent Majesty. 

May it please Your Majesty. 

In obedience to Your Majesty's commands signified to us by His Grace the Duke of 
Shrewsbury we have prepared draugiits of the severall commissions for the Earl of Bellomont 
for the Government of Your Majesty's Province of New York the Massachusets Bay and New 
Hampshire, wherein are also included a Commission for the command of the Militia and of all 
Your Majesty's Forces in Connecticut, Rhode Island and the Jerseys, during the War ; 
which draughts we herewithall most humbly lay before Your Majesty for your Majesty's 
royall pleasure therein. 

(Signed) J. Bridgewater 

Ph. Meadows 
W™ Blathwayt 
Whitehall John Pollexfen 

Aprill S"" 1697 Abr: Hill. 

Tlie Lords of Trade to the ICing. 

[New England Entries, B. T. A.IM.] 

To the King's Most Excellent Majesty 

May it please Your Majesty. 

Having in obedience to Your Majesty's commands, humbly laid before Your Majesty draughts 
of the severall commissions for the Earl of Bellomont for the Government of Your Majesty's 
Provinces of New York, the Massachusets Bay, and New Hampshire ; we humbly beg leave 
to lay before Your Majesty the draughts of the severall instructions, which we have likewise 
prepared for the said Earl relating to the foresaid governments ; and further to represent to 
Your Majesty that in the draughts of these instructions for New York and the Massachusets 
Bay having left the respective sallaries for the Governour and Lieu' Governor of those 
Provinces, in blank, to be filled up as Your Majesty shall please to direct, we have hereunto 
annexed the state of what we finde has been allowed unto other Governours and Lieutenant 
Governors and more particularly to S'' Edmond Andros whilst he was Governour and 
Commander in Chief over the same Provinces 

All which we most humbly submit to 

Your IMajesty's great wisdome 

(signed) J. Bridgewater 

Ph: Meadows 
W" Blathwayt 
Whitehall Jn" Pollexfen 

Aprill 15. 1G97 Abr: Hill. 


State of the 8allaries of His Majesty's Governours & Lieuteuaut Goveraours iu 
tlie I'roviiiccs of New England and New Yorke. 

In tlie yeare IGSG S"" Edmund Andros being then constituted Governour of all iVew 
England (in which New Hampshire is included) but not of New York, had ^£1200 sterling 
appointed him for his sallary for one yearo, payable here, untill the revenue there should be 

In the yeare 1GS7 the Charter of New England having been surrendred to the Crowne and 
the settled Revenue there being continued by order from England, S' Ednuind Andros was 
paid the foresaid sallary of .£J200 sterling, there, out of that revenue. 

In the yeare IGSS the government of New Yorke being united to that of New England aiul 
the said S' Edmund Andros being constituted Governour of both those Provinces, there was 
added to his sallary .4'200 sterling more, out of the ^eGOO allowed out of the revenue of New 
Yorke for the support of their Governours; and the remaining .£400 of the New York 
allowance was appointed to be paid to the Lieutenant Governour. 

After that, upon His Majestys accession to the Crowne, (the two governments being divided) 
the Governours of New York have had their former sallary of .£600 sterling p' Annum, allotted 
them out of the revenue of that Province. The Revenue of the Massachusets Bay (by the 
New Charter given them by His Majesty) is disposable by the Assembly there; and the 
revenue of New Hampshire is inconsiderable. 

It is to be further observed that whilst the government of New England and New York 
were united under the same constitution, by the surrender *of the severall Charters of New 
England there was only occasion for one Lieutenant Governour of the whole; but the 
governments of the Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire and New York continuing now 
separate and divided in their constitution (tho' under the same Governour) it will be requisite 
that there be three distinct Lieutenant Governours ; so that a salary will be likewise wanting 
for the Lieutenant Governours of the Massachusetts Bay, and New Hampshire, which is 
humbly conceived ought to be paid by the respective Colonies ; those Lieutenant Governours 
never having been of any charge to the Crowne. 

liepoH of the Lords of Trade against the Act declaratory of the Hights, cCc, of 

the People of New - Yorh. 

[New-York Entries, A. 125-129.] 

Fourthly and lastly, one Entitided, an Act declaring what are the rights and Priviledgcs of their 
Majesties subjects inkahiling tuilhin their Province of New York^ which doth in our humble opinion 
give unto the representatives of that province, too great and unreasonable priviledges during 
the sitting of the Assembly; and to all inhabitants (except Inholders) such an exemption from 
the quartering of soldiers as we conceive may be inconvenient to His Maj'^' service there, and 

' Pftssed, 13th May, 1691. — Kd. 


contains also several large and doubtful expressions. For which reasons we are humbly of 
opinion that the said act be repealed, and that instead thereof (for satisfying the mindes of the 
inhabitants of that province) the effect of a Charter granted by His late Majesty King Charles 
the Second to the Colony of Virginia, according to the annexed copj^ may be proposed to tlie 
General Assembly there, to be by them enacted and then transmitted hither for His Maj'^' 
Royal approbation. 

All which is nevertheless most humbly submitted 

T. Bridgewater, John Pollexfen, Tankerville, 

Abr : Hill, 1'hil. IMeadows. 

Whitehall: 11"> IVIay, 1697. of a Charier Heads of Charter granted by His late Majesty King Charles the Second to the 

granted by Kins . . J J o 

viMni'a anexed to Colony of Virginia which are proposed to be enacted (mutatis mutandis) 

JSHF^'""'' ii^ ^lie Province of New York. 

That all the Inhabitants of the Province of New York in America shall have their immediate 
dependance upon the Crown of England under the rule and Govern' of such Governor or 
Governours as His Maj'^ his heirs or successors shall from time to time appoint in that bebalf, 
and upon no other person or persons whatsoever — And further that tiie Governor for the time 
being shall be resident in that Country except His Maj'J" his heirs or successors shall at any 
time command his attendance in England or elsewhere, in wiiich case a Lieut' Gov'' shall be 
appointed by His Maj''' his heirs or successors, to continue there during the absence 
of such Governour. 

That all lands now posest by the several and respective Planters or Inhabitants of the said 
province of New York are and shall be confirmed and established to them and their heirs for 
ever ; where the property of any particular man's interest in any lands there shall not be 
altered or prejudiced by reasons thereof. 

That all lands possest by any subject inhabiting in the said province of New York which is 
escheated or shall escheat unto His Majesty his heirs or successors shall and may be enjoyed 
by such inhabitant or Posessor, his heirs or Assignes for ever paying 
composition for every acre. 

That the Governor and Council of the said Province of New York for the time being, and 
in the absence of the Governor the Lieut' Gov'' and Council or any five or more of them 
whereof the Governor or Lieut' Governor (if there) to be always one and in case of absence 
or death of such Governor or Lieut"' Gov' the Council of the said province for the time being, 
the first in nomination, in which Council is in tbat case to preside, shall and hereby have full 
power and authority to hear and determine all Treasons, Murders, Felonies and other offences 
committed or done witliin the said Govern' so as they proceed therein as near as may be to 
the Laws and statutes of His Maj'^"'' Kingdome of England. 

And lastly, for the more entire satisfaction and security of the subjects of His Maj"" his heirs 
and successors which now do or hereafter shall inhabit in the said Province of New York, and 
to give the more liberal and ample encouragement to Plantations there, that all and every 
clause, article, and sentence herein contained shall be from time to time for ever hereafter as 
often as any ambiguity doubt or question shall or may happen to arise thereupon, expounded, 
construed, deem'd and taken to be by his Maj'^ meant and intended, and shall enure and take 
effect in the most beneficial and available sence to all intents and purposes for the profit and 


advantage of tlic subjects of His Maj'^ his heirs and successors of the said province of New 
York aforesaid, as well against His Maj"> his heirs and successors as against all and every other 
person or persons whatsoever any Law, Statute, Custorae or usage to the contrary thereof in 
any wise notwithstanding. 
11"" May 1G97. 

Memorial of the Earl of Bellomont to, and Answer of the Lords of Trade. 

[New-York Entries, A. 146-1 .lO.] 

To the Right Hon'''' the Lords Commissioners of tiie Council of Trade and Plantations 

The memorial of Richard Earl of Bellomont. 

The said Earl tliinking it his duty to lay before Your Lordships the necessity of sending two 
liundred recruits to compleat the four companies that are in His iNIaj''''* pay in the Province of 
New York which is the only standing force, his Maj'^ has on the Continent of America to 
which end, and for avoiding the inconvenience of parting with such a number of Men out of 
His Maj'>''' army here, the said Earl humbly proposes that he may have leave to raise two 
hundred men here in England ibr the above said service and whereas tiie raising and marching 
those recruits to the Port where they are to be shipt will necessaryly occasion an immediate 
expence, the said Earl craves leave to inform Your Lordships, that there is a considerable sum 
of money, now ready to be paid out of the Paymaster General's Oilice for the subsistence of 
His Maj'^* forces in New York, which by all accounts from that Province are reduced to less 
than half the number of the establishment, and whether part of that money may not be 
applyed to that service, the said Earl submits to Your Lordships consideration. 

The said Earl being informed that a quantity of Fire arms was lately sent over to the 
present Gov' of New York to distribute by way of present to the Five nations of the Indians 
in amity with us, for which reason the said Earl is advised that if the present now intended, 
were made up partl}'^ of arms and partlj' of Powder and bullets, it would be more acceptable 
to the said Indians. Therefore the said Earl humbly proposes that Your Lord?' will please to 
represent to their Excellencies the Lords Justices in Council, that the R' Hon'''^ the Earl of 
Romney master General of His Maj"" ordnance be impowered to use his discretion in 
proportioning the said present to the intended value of two hundred pounds. 

All which is humbly submitted to your Lordships — 

10 June 1G97. 

To the Riglit Honorable the Earl of Bellomont. 

My Lord. 

i.eitfrioiiipEariof Tlic Lords Commissioncrs of the Council of Trade upon the perusal of Your 

IleIliMn<>rUii|>oii Iii8 

foregoing Memorial. Lord'"' memorial which I laid before them this morning have commanded me to 
acquaint Your Lordship with the state of those matters before them as they stand at present. 

Vol. IV. 34 


Fonr Companies. Coll : Fletcher has been directed by His IMaj'^'' order to use his endevours to 

keep up the four companies in the province of New York by the continuance of a fund which 
the Assembly of that province granted for that purpose. 
compi.iintsasst Scvcral complaints a2;ainst the officers of those forces referred first to the 

the oliicers ^ ^ ^ '^ 

Examination of this Board have not been so clearly made out as was pretended 
and upon a representation made by their Lord?' to His Maj'^ of the bare matters of fact, that 
appeared to them on both sides, those matters stand now referred by his Maj'^ to the Duke of 
Schonbergh and other the Generall Officers sitting at the Horse Guards. 
suhsistonce for the Their Lordships did some while aa'o represent to His Mai''' the necessity that 

four companies. o i o j 

the subsistence for those four companies should be punctually paid, and very 
lately upon a Memorial of your Lordship's, they have represented more particularly to their 
excellencies the Lords Justices, the expediency that the arrears of ofT-recknings and subsistence 
which may be due to those Forces should be paid them upon the arrival of Your Lord? in that 

stores— Together with the arms which Your Lord? mentions to have been lately sent 

thither, there was also sent a proportion of Powder and other warlike stores. 

So that upon all these heads the Lords Commissioners of the Council of Trade do not well 
see what more remains proper for them to do in consistency with what has been already done, 
and they therefore referr the whole to Your Lordship's consideration — I am — ettc. 

lO"- June. W. P. 



Commission for tlie Earl of Bellomont. 

[ New-Yorli Entries, A. 190. ] 

Commission for the R' Hon""'^ the Earl of Bellomont to be His Maj'^' Capt" 
General and Gov"' in Chief of His Maj'^'^ province of New York and the 
territories depending thereon in America. 

Direction of the WiLLiAM the third by tlic Grace of God King of England Scotland France 

Commission — 

and Ireland defender of the faith ettc. To our Right trusty and Right welbeloved 
Cousin Richard Earl of Bellomont, Greeting. We reposing especial trust and confidence in 
the prudence courage and loyalty of you the said Richard Earl of Bellomont, out of our 
Earl of Bellomont especial Gracc certain knowledge and meer motion, have thought fit to constitute 

appointed Governor. i • i t i , i . i 

and appomt, and we do by these presents constitute and appoint you the said 
Earl of Bellomont to be our Capt" General and Gov'' in cheif in, and over our province of New 
York and the territories depending thereon in America. 
Toactaeconiingto And wc do hereby require andcomand vou to do and execute all things in due 

his commission ./a ./ ^ 

and instructions ettc. manner that shall belong unto your said command, and the trust we have reposed 
in you according to the several powers and directions granted or appointed you by this present 
Commission, and the Instructions herewith given you, or by such further powers. Instructions 
and Authorities as shall at any time hereafter be granted or appointed you under our signet or 
sign manual, or by our order in our privy council, and according to such reasonable laws and 


Statutes, as now are in force, or lieroafter shall be made anil agreed upon by you with the 
advice and consent of the Council, and Assembly of our said province under your Govern' in 
such manner and forme as is hereafter expressed. 
After imvins taken And wc do hereby crive and a;rant full power unto vou the said Richard Earl 

the iwllH ellc: to J o o f J 

!!;'„".''",'''."h """^ of Bellomont after you shall first have taken an oath for the due execution of the 

same to ttie mera- »' 

beraoftaocounou. Qff^^.^ jj,jj j,^jgj. ^f q^,^ Q^^^r, General and Gov' in Chief in and over our said 
province of New York and the territories depending thereon which our said Council or any five 
of them have hereby full power and authority, and are required to administer unto you, to 
give and administer to each of the members of our said Council, as well the oaths appointed 
by act of Parlm' to be taken instead of the oaths of Allegiance, and supremacy, as the Test 
and the oath for the due execution of tlieir places and trusts and likewise to require them 
to subscribe the late association mentioned in an act of Parliament made in the 7"" and S"" j'ears 
of our Keign, entituled: An act for the belter security of His Mtif^" Royal person and Government. 
me coEueii °f"hcro ■A-'itl we do hereby give and grant unto you full power and authority, to 
be just cause suspeud any of the members of our said Council, from sitting, voting and 

assisting therein, if you shall find just cause for so doing. 

qSora^ *"* * •'^"'^ ^f i^ shall at any time happen that by the death, departure out of our said 

province, or suspension of any of our Councillors, there shall be a vacancy in our 

said Council (any three whereof we do hereby appoint to be a quorum) Our will and Pleasure 

To eive ;.n aceoiint is: that you siguifv the same unto us, by the first opportunity, that we may under 

of ull viicamies in J o J 'J tr.'' J 

Majv raay'appo'int °"'" signct and sigu manual, constitute and appoint others in their stead. But 
others— ^j^^^j. ^^j. affairs at that distance, may not sutler for want of a due number of 

Jm'rresMinTinlhe Councillors, if ever it shall happen that there be less then seven of them residing 
cim'sL'"as' man ™aJ in our Said proviucc, we do hereby give and grant unto you full power and 

will make up that .i*-i r»i ••ir'iii.ii- 

numiieraminomore authonty to choosc as manv persons out of the prmcipal freeholders mhabitants 

anil thev to be [re- , •' ' '^ ' 

puted Counceiiors tlicroof as will make up the full number of our said Councill, to be seaven and no 

till aprov dor others ^ ' 

MaTJ^iy."' ^^ ""^ more, which persons by virtue of such choice shall be to all intents & purposes 
Councillors in our said province, until they shall be confirmed by us, or that by 
the nomination of others by us under our sign manual and signet, the said Council shall have 
seaven persons in it. 
With the advice of We do hereby ffivc and grant unto you full power and authority, with the 

the Council to caU "^ ' '' • ' -^ 

Assemblies. advice and consent of our said Council from time to time as need shall require, 

to summon and call General Assemblys of the Inhabitants being freeholders within your 
Govern' according to the usage of our Colony of N. York. 
The members of the And our will and pleasure is that the persons thereupon duly elected by tlie 

Assembly to lake the ^ '■ I J •/ 

towaimwe'tfsii- '"^j°r P''^^"* of the Freeholders of the respective Counties and places, and so 
uog luo- elected returned, and having before their sitting, taken the oaths appointed by act of 
Parlm' to be taken instead of the oaths of Allegiance and supremacy and subscribed the Test 
and tiie Association aforesaid (which oaths you shall Comissiouate fit persons under our seal 
of New York to administer and without taking the said oaths and subscribing the said Test 
and Association none shall be capable of sitting tho' elected) shall be called and held the 
general Assembly of that our province and territories depending thereon. 
With the consent And that you the said Earl of Bellomont by and with the consent of our said 

of the ( »uincil and '^ -' 

mteTiIwsetteT"" Council and Assembly, or the Major part of them respectively, shall have full 
power and aulhorily to make constitute and ordain laws, statutes and ordinances 


for the public peace, welfare and good Govern' of our said province and of the people and 
inhabitants thereof, and such others as shall resort thereto, and for the benefit of us our heirs 
and successors. 
"wiiich are to be Which Said laws. Statutes and ordinances are to be (as near as may be^ 

agreeable to Ilie ^ J f 

laws of England, agreeable to the laws and Statutes of this our Kingdome of England. 
Andtobetr.insmit- Provided that all such laws, statutes and ordinances of what nature or 

tell within three 

Sinrt""reof duration soever, be withia three months or sooner after the making thereof 
proimtton or disS- transmitted unto us under our seal of New York for our approbation or 

disallowance of the same, as also diiplicats thereof by the ne.xt conveyance. 
And if any of them And in CHse any or all of them, being not before confirm'd by ris shall at any 

( not before con- J J 

fow'd by'Hia'MTiiy ^^'"® ^® disallovi'ed and not approv'd and so signified by us our heirs and 
'an'dof'none°effi!ct. succcssors Under our or their sign manual and signet, or by order of our or tlieir 
privy Councill unto you the said Earl of Bellomont or to the Commander in 
Chief of our said province for the time being then such and so many of them as shall be so 
disallowed and not approved, shall from thenceforth cease determine and become utterly void 
and of none effect, any thing to the Contrary thereof notwithstanding. 
To have a negative And to tlic end notliiug may be passed or done by our said Council or Assembly 

voice in passing all o ./ i j ^ j 

'""'• to the prejudice of us, our heirs, and successors, we will and ordain that you, the 

said Earl of Bellomont, shall have and enjoy, a negative voice, in the making and passing 
of all laws, statutes, and ordinances as aforesaid. 
To adjourn pro- And that vou shall and may likewise from time to time as you shall iudge it 

rogue or dissolve ' ./ j o 

the Assembly. necessary, adjourn, Prorogue and dissolve all general Assemblies as aforesaid. 
To use thepubiick Our will and pleasure is, that you shall and may keep and use the publick seal 

appointed or to be appointed by us for our province of New York. 
ftf oaihs""to'"aii We do further give and grant unto you the said Earl of Bellomont full power 
fhrough or Sjnf and authority from time to time, and at any time hereafter by yourself or by 

in the Province as , , i-ii .iiii^ i-- 

heshaiithinkeflt— any Other to be authorized by you in that behalf, to administer and give the 
oaths appointed by act of Parliament to be taken instead of the oaths of allegiance and 
supremacy, to all and to every such person or persons as you shall think fit, who shall at 
any time or times pass into our said province or shall be resident or abiding there. 
To establish courts And we do by these presents give and grant unto you, full power and 

of Judicature ellc. . . ' ^ ° ° . J ' i 

authority with the advice and consent of our said Council, to erect, constitute 
and establish, such and so many courts of judicature and publick justice, within our said 
province, and the territories under your Govern' as you and they shall think fit and necessary, 
for the hearing and determining of all causes as well criminal as civil according to law and 
equity, and for awarding of executions thereupon, with all reasonable and necessary powers, 
To commissionate authorities, fccs aud priviledges belongins; unto them as also to appoint and 

fit persons to ad- . „ o o rr 

minister the oaths, commissiouate fit persous in the several paits of your Govern' to administer tiie 
oaths appointed by act of Parliara' to be taken instead of the oaths of allegiance & supremacy 
and the test, unto such as shall be obliged to take the same. 

To constitute judg- ^x\(i we do hereby authorize and empower you to constitute and appoint Judges, 
tooauis°tothem- Justices of the peace and other necessary officers and INIinisters in our said 
province, for the better administration of Justice aud putting the laws in 
execution and to administer or cause to be administred, such oath or oaths as are usually 
given for the due execution and performance of offices and places and for the clearing of truth 
in judicial causes. 


Appeal from the We clo fiirtliei" bv these presents will and require, that appeals he permitted to 

Courls to 1)0 ni.-ulo . ". . 

to iiim provi.uii be made in cases of Errour i'rom our Courts in New York, unto you our Govern'' 

the value exceed -^ 

^'"**- and to our Council & in your absence from our said province to our Lieut' Gov' 

and our said Council in civil causes. Provided the value appeal'd for do exceed the sum of 
one hundred pounds sterling, and that securit)^ be first given, by the appellant, to answer 
such charges as shall be awarded in case the first sentence shall be affirm'd. 
Appeals lo be per- And wliereas we do iudge it necessarv, that all our subjects may have liberty 

muted to be mnilo . 

ded'the' value '"'l ^° appeal to our Royal person in cases that may deserve the same. Our will and 
ceed 8oo£. ciic. pleasure is, that if either party' shall not rest satisfied with the judgni' or sentence 
of our Gov'' or Lieut' Gov' and Council as aforesaid, they may then appeal unto us in our privi 
Council, Provided the matter in difference exceed the true value and sum of three hundred 
pounds sterling, and that such appeal be made within fourteen days after sentence and security 
be likewise duly given by the appellant to answer such charges as shall be awarded in case the 
sentence of the GoV & Council be confirm'd. And provided also that the execution be not 
suspended by reason of any such appeal unto us. 
To pardon all offen- Aud we do hereby give and grant unto you full power and authority where 

CC9 treason anil ^ o o ^ i 

murder excepted, you shall iudffe any offenders in criminal matters or for any fines or forfeitures 

in winch cases J J i^ J J 

lirHTsMajtrL"™ fit objects of our mercy, to pardon and remit such offender's fines and forfeitures 
pleasure be known, ^gf^j.^ ^j. ^pj-^j. gpntencc givcu. TrcasoH and willful murder only excepted, in 
which cases you shall likewise have power upon extraordinary occasions to grant reprives to 
the Offenders, until our Royal pleasure may be known therein. 
Power to collate 'We do by thcse presents authorize aud empower you to collate any person or 

persons to Kccle- •' '■ ' .,,^.,. 

Biasticai beueiices. persous iu any Churches, Chappels or other Ecclesiastical benefices within our 

said province and territories aforesaid, as often as any of them shall happen to be void. 

Power to lew & We do hereby give and grant unto you the said Earl of Bellomont, by 

arm the Inhabitants. J a n j 

yourself, your Capt"' and Commanders by you to be authorized, full power and 
authority, to Levy, arm, muster, command and employ, all persons whatsoever within our said 
province of New York, and other the territories under your Gov"' and as occasion shall serve 
and them to trans- them to transfer from one place to another, for the resisting- and withstanding of 

fer from one place iit-« •!-*• it>iti,i it, i i l 

to another. all Enemics, Pirats and Rebells both at sea and at Land, and to transport such 

forces to any of our plantations in America, as occasion shall require for the defence of the 
same against the invasion or attempts of any of our Enemies. 
To pursue the And them if occasion shall require to prosecute in or out of the Limits of our 

Enemy. ^ ^ * ^ 

said province or Plantations or any of them. 
Andihcmtopuito Aud if it shall please God them to vanquish, apprehend and take, aud being 

death if taken or '^ 1 ' rt '-^ 

keeMive at his taken Cither, according to law of arms, to put to death or keep and preserve 
alive at your discretion. 

To execute martial And [to] executc martial law in time of invasion, insurrection or war, and 

law in lime of -^ j j j 

invasion. during the continuance of the same as also upon soldiers in pay ; and to do and 

execute all and every otlier thing or things which to a Capt" General doth or ought of right to 
belong, as fully and amply as any our Capt" General doth or hath usually done 
To build Forts Aud wc do hereby sive aud errant unto vou full power and authority, to erect, 

CasUes, Towns cttc. ■' ° ° •' * uj 

raise and build in our said province and territories depending thereon, such and 
so many Forts and platforms, Castles, Cities, Bourroughs, Townes and fortifications as you by 

' "it" either of the Parties". Record in Secretary's Office, in Book of Commissioiui, U., 90. — Ed. 


And ibcm to fortify tlie aclvice aforesaid shall judge necessary. And the same or any of them to 


fortify and furnish with ordnance, amunition and all sorts of arms fit and 
necessary for the security and defence of our said province. 
To eroct a Court Aiid WO do hereby give and grant unto you the said Earl of Bellomont, full 


power and authority to erect one or more Court or Courts Admiral within our 
said province and territorys for the hearing and determining of all marine and other causes and 
matters proper therein to be heard, will all reasonable and necessary powers, authorities fees 
and privileges. 
To exercise the As also to e.xercise all powers belonging to the place and office of vice Admiral 

powers belonging 

to the office of viee of and in all the seas and coasts within your Govern' according to such 

Admiral. '^ ° 

Commission, Authorities and instructions as you shall receive irom ourself, under 
the seal of our Admiralty or from our high Admiral or Commissioners for executing the office of 
high Admiral of our foreign plantations for the time being. 
To appoint Com- And for as much as divers mutinies and disorders do happen by persons shipt 

mandrs of ships. "^ ^ 

and employed at sea, to the end therefore that such persons may be the better 
governed and ordered. We do hereby give and grant unto you the said Earl of Bellomont our 
Capt° General and Gov'' in chief, full power and authority to constitute and appoint Capt°' 
Masters of ships and other Commanders, and to grant to such Capt°', Masters of ships and 
■with Commissions Other Commauders Commissions to e.xecute the Law martial and to use such 

to execute Martial 

law upon offenders proccediugs, authorities, punishments, corrections and execution upon any offender 

at sea or m ports. i o ' ' r r j 

or offenders, which shall be mutinous, seditious, disorderly or any way unruly, 
either at sea or during their time of abode or residence in any of the ports, harbours or 
bays of our said province or territories as the cause shall be found to require according to 
martial law, provided that nothing herein contained, shall be construed to the enabling you 
Not to have juris- or any by your autliority to hold plea or have any iurisdiction of any offence, 

diction on board J J J J r j j j' 

the King's ships.- cause, matter or thing Committed or done upon the high sea, or within any of 
the Havens rivers or creeks of our said province or territorities under your Govern' by any 
Capt" Commander Lieut' Master, or other officer, seaman, soldier or person whatsoever, who 
shall be in actual service and pay in and on board any of our ships of war or other vessells 
acting by immediate commission or warrant from our Commissioners for executing the office 
of our high Admiral of England under the seal of our Admiralty or from our higli Admiral of 
England for the time being, but that such Capt"', Command"' Lieut', Master, Officer, Seaman, 
Which shall be left Soldicr, Or Other persou SO offcuding, shall be left to be proceeded against and 

to be proceeded a o a o 

to^SlertatuteTfthl ^n'^ 'IS the merits of their offences shall require, either by Commission under 
28thHen: 8th ettc. ouj. g^g^t Seal of England as the statute of the 2S"' of Henry the S"> directs, or 
by Commission from our said Commissioners for executing the office of our high Admiral of 
England or from our high Admiral for the time being, according to the act of Parliament 
passed in the IS"" year of the reign of the late King Charles the second (entituled: An act 
for the eslablishmg Articles and orders for the regulating and better Govern' of His Mafv' Navijs ships 
of war and forces hij sea) and not otherwise ; saving only that it shall and may be lawful for 
commemiera''"n"o't ^°^^ upou auv such Captain or Commander refusing or neglecting to execute, or 
obeying his orders, ypou liis negligent or undue execution of any of the written orders, he shall 
receive from you for our service and the service of our said pro\'ince, to suspend him the said 
And tocomithim. Capt" or Commander from the exercise of his said OfHce of Commander and comit 
him into safe custody either on board his own ship or elsewhere at the discretion of you, in 


order to his being brought to answer for the same by Commission unrler our great seal of 
England, or from our said high Admiral as is before expressed. In wliieli case, Our \Yill and 
Upon siioh suspon- i)leasure is, tiiat the Cant" or Commander so by you suspeiuled, shall durintr 

sion the next warrt . . i ' n 

officer to succeed, guch [his] Suspension and Commitment be succeeded in his said Office by such 
Commission or warrant officer of our said ship appointed by our Commissioners for executing 
the office of our high Admiral of England or by our high Admiral of Enghmd for the time 
being, as by the known practice or discipline of our Navy does and ought ne.xt to succeed iiim, 
as in case of death sickness or other ordinary di.ssability happening to the Commander of any 
The oovr to be ao- of our sliius of War aud uot Otherwise, you standing also accountable to us for 

ciiuiitiible for such .i o 

suspension. the truth and importance of the crimes and misdemeanours for which you shall 

capins of ships ottc so proceed, to the suspending of such our Capt" or Command"' Provided also 

coinmitlins olfences ,,.ii ^ ^• i i-i .1 . 

onsiioarinhcirjed that all such disorders and misdemeanours committed on shoar, by any Caiit" 

and puiiistrd ae- ^-t i t • ~\ -J .' I 

corrtiiis to the laws Commaud'" Licut' iNIastcr Or otiifr Olliccr, scauian Soldier or person whatsoever 
belonging to any of our ships of war or otiier vessells acting by immediate 
Commission or warrant from our Commissioners for executing the Oilice of our high Admiral 
of England under the seal of our Admiralty or from our high Admiral of England for the time 
being, may be tryed and punished according to the laws of the Place, where any such disorders 
offences and misdemeanours shall be so committed on shore, notwithstanding such offender be 
in our actual service and born in our pay on board any such our ships of war or other vessells, 
acting by immediate Commission or Warrant from our Commissioners for executing the Office 
of our high Admiral or from our high Admiral as aforesaid, so as he shall not receive any 
protection for the avoiding of Justice, for such offences committed on shoar from any pretence 
of his being employed in our service at sea. 
No money to bo Our will and pleasure is, that all publick moneyes raised or to be raised within 

issiic-.llnit by w.irrt ' 1. j 

cmuRi'r'™'"^''''' °^^ ^^^^ province and other the territories depending thereupon be issued out by 
warrant from you by and with the advice and consent of the Council and disposed 
of by you for the support of the Govern' and not otherwise. 
To dispose of lands And wc do hereby likewise give and grant unto you full power and authority, 

ettc. by advice of "^ o o J I Ji 

thocouncii. by and with the advice of our said Council, to agree with the Inhabitants of our 

province and territories aforesaid, for such lauds, tenements and hereditaments as now arc or 
hereafter shall be in our power to dispose of 
Under moderate And them to grant to aiiy person or p''sons for such terms and under such 

quit rents ettc. ^ •' ' ' 

moderate Quit Rents services and acknowledgements to be thereupon reserved 
unto us as you by aud with the advice aforesaid shall think fitt 
The cranis of Lands Wliicli Said graiits are to pass and be sealed by our seal of New York, and 

so sold to be under . 

the of tho being enter'd upon record by such officer or Officers as you shall appoint 

thereunto shall be good and effectual in law ag" us, our heirs & successors — 
To appoint Fairs ettc. ^m] ^yg ^Jq hereby give you full power, to order and appoint Fairs, Marts, and 

Also Ports bar- J & J f ' t 1 1 

hours ettc. Markets, as also such and so many Ports, Harbours, Bays, Havens and other 

places for [the] convenience and security of shipping, and for the better loading and unloading 
of goods and merchandizes, as by you with the advice and consent of the said Councill shall 
be thought fit and necessary and in them or any of them to erect, nominate and appoint 
And custome houses Customehouses, Warehouscs and Officers relating thereunto, and them to 
alter, change place or displace from time to time as with the advice aforesaid shall be 
thought fit. 


Vice to he dis- And we do by these presents, Will, Require & Command you to take all 

counteaaaccd ^ 

possible care for the discountenance of vice and the encouragement of virtue and 
good living, tliat by such example the Intidels may be invited and desire to partake of the 
Christian faith. 
Not 10 dispose of And further Our will and pleasure is, that you shall not at any time hereafter, 

any place usually 

^eaiseaJofEn'iw- ^7 colour of any powcr or Authorit)-, hereby granted or mentioned to be granted 
take upon you to give, grant or dispose of any Office or place within our said 
province and territories, which is now or shall be granted under the great seal of England, any 
further than that you may upon the vacancy of any such Office or suspension of any Officer 
by you put in any person to officiate in the interval, until the said place be disposed of by us, 
under the great seal of England, or that our directions be otherwise given therein. 
All officers to be And wc do hereby reqviire and command all Officers and Ministers, Civil 

obedient to him. 

and Military and all other inhabitants of our said province and the territories 
depending thereon, to be obedient aiding and Assisting unto you the said Earl of Bellomont, 
in the execution of this our Commission and of the powers and authorities herein contained. 
And in case of your death or absence out of our said province and territories aforesaid urito 
such person as shall be appointed by us to be our Lieut' Gov"' or Commander in chief of our 
said province, to whom we do by these presents give and grant all and singular the power & 
Authorities aforesaid to be executed and enjoyed by him during our pleasure, or until your 
return to our said province and territories, and if upon such death or absence there be no 
Upon his death or ppi'son upou the placc Commissionated or appointed by us to be our Lieut' Gov 
no"^oommand?ta or Commauder in Chief Our will and pleasure is, that the then present Councill 
do take the admi- of our Said proviuce, do take upon them the Administration of the Govern' and 

nistration of the 

Goyernt and the execute this Commissiou and the several powers and authorities herein contained, 

first Councelior to ^ 

preside. relating to our said province, and that the first Councillor wiio shall be at the 

time of your death or absence residing within the same ; do preside in our said Councill with 
such power and preheminencies as any former president hath used and enjoyed within our said 
province, or any other our plantations in America, until our pleasure be further known, or your 
return as aforesaid. 
To be Govr during And lastly wc do hereby declare ordain and appoint, that you the said Earl of 

His Majty's pleasure '^ •' . 

Bellomont shall and may hold execute and enjoy the Office and place of our 
Capt" General and Gov"' in chief in and over our province of New York and the territories 
depending thereon, together with all and singular the powers and Authorities hereby granted 
unto you, for and during our will and pleasure, immediately upon your arrival within our said 
Upon publication provluce of Ncw York and the publication of this our Commission from which 
coi'i/^riXS"" time our Commission to our Trusty & welbeloved Benjamin Fletcher Esq: to 

Comn to become .^ y-tii/-» .1./.0 • 1 • t • • t t 

void be Capt" Gen' and Gov'' in chief of our said province and territories depending 

thereon is immediately to cease and become void. 

TobcCaptnRenc- And whcrcas there are divers Colonies adioining to our province of New York 

ral of the Militia i,i-i- 

and all forces by fgj- ^jjg dcfcnce and security whereof, it is requisite that due care be taken in this 

sea Aland in E& .' 1 

w. new Jerseys. fnoae of war. We have therefore thought it further necessary for our service, 
and for the better protection and security of our subjects inhabiting those parts to constitute 
and appoint and we do by these presents constitute and appoint you the said Richard Earl of 
Bellomont to be our Captain General and Commander in Chief, of the Militia and of all the 
forces by sea and land within our province of East and West New Jersey and of all our Forts 
and places of strength within the same. 


And for the better ordering Governing and ruling our said Militia and all our forces Forts 
and places of strength within our said province of East and West New Jersey ; We do 
hereby give and grant unto you the said Richard Earl of Bellomont, and in your absence to 
your Lieut' Gov"' or Commander in chief of our province of New York, all and every the like 
powers as in these presents are before granted and recited for the ruling, governing and 
ordering our Militia and all our forces forts and places of strength within our province of 
New York to be exercised by you the said Ricliard Earl of Bellomont and in your absence 
from our territory and Dominion of New York by our said Lieutenant Gov'' or Commander in 
Chief of our said province of New York within our said provinces of East and West New 
Jersey for and during our pleasure. L\ Witness whereof. We have caused these our letters 
to be made patents. — Witnesses. Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury, and the rest of the 
Guardians and Justices of the Kingdome — At Westminster the IS"" day of June in the ninth 
Year of our Reign 1697. 

Governor Fletcher to tlie Lords of Trade. 

[New-York Enlries, A. 261.] 

To the Right Hon'''' the Lords Commissioners of the Council of Trade & Plantations. 

Maj^ it please Your Lordships. 

I have received Your Lord?' commands of February the first, the IQ"" inst: together with 
lie hns roceivpd the dupUcatcs of Your Lord'" Queries of the 25"' of Sepf and did issue forth 
TraJe's'let'tci^ orders to the Justices of the peace of the several Counties to enable me to give 
Your Lordships the more accurate and perfect answer. 
lie will Rive an ac- I shall uot bc Wanting in ni)' duty to give Your Lord"" information of the state 

count ofihf state of " i i t t r 1 

tiic I'rovincc oitc of athiirs of this province in all its circumstances, and what I may observe useful 

and necessary for His Maj'''* service and the good prosperity thereof. 

stores. I do uiost huiubly acknowledge the great care and goodness of our most 

gracious Soveraign to His subjects here, in giving Artilery stores of war and other things 

needful for their defence and safety and Your Lordi" goodness in laying matters that relate to 

us, before His Maj'J". 

The Assembly will I liavc cndcvourcd witli the Assemblvin March last, to raise a supply to enable 

not raise a supply . , , . , ,." i i . i i ■ i i •" i ■ i. 

as formerly f..r uie nic to give the like encourairement as lormerlv to the boldiers, anil did actiuaint 

Soldier*. ° ° - . / 

them of the good effects it had, that since the money was paid them in their own 
hands (which I caused punctually to be performed) not one man had deserted, but could not 
prevail so far. 
They have raised The have raiscd a fund for levy-money, to recruite only three companies at 

a futid to recruit the * . , r t • 

lieompys at Albany Albany for 12 moutli from the first of May past with S*" a day instead of 4" given 

fur nrie year and in- .' j i. • ^ 

the'lasf ytirfth™ ^he last year, which husbandry has given such discouragement, that many have 
dar «"hie™i.i^s'sS slucB descrtcd, and I find greater difficulty of finding men to make up their 
dlereThemany*''' Complement. They have no regard to the company Quarter'd in this place, tho' 

"^ upon all occasion I have detached part of them to Albany ; part of them were 

Vol. IV. 35 


with me all the winter there ; and I liave detached part of them to strengthen the Richmond 
upon extraordinary occasion, as of a French man-of-war being on our coast. Since the passing 
Men desert. of that act 25 men are deserted from the Fort. 

I send hues and cries and officers after them into the neighbouring provinces, which is very 
unsuccessful, I hope His Maj'-"' Royal commands will prove effectual. 
He desires 150. Ee- I humblv ott'er my opinion that one hundred and fifty recruits be sent from 

cruilsfromEngldor J J ^l j 

ireidagst next May. Eugluud or Ireland against May next, and then those annually listed may returne 

to their labour which brings them in this Countrey three shillings a day, and holds no 

proportion with their pay, a smaller number annually will be required to keep them full 


The .soldiers in creat Our wiutcrs are extream cold and long, the men are then in great misery for 

want of elotliea. . . , 

Tis .5 years since Want of cloathes, it is now five years past since the two old comp'" had full 

the 2 old compies 

Lad lull mounlinfs — niOUnting. 

He will observe iho ] shall carcfully observe j'our Lord'" comands concerning fugitives and deserters 

orders aljout fugi- 
tives and Jeserters— {jj tiiis Province. 

May it please Your Lordships — 

As to the complaint given in for entertainment of Pyrates in this Province. 
Bills agst Pyrates I brought over wlth me from the Plantations Office by their Majesties commands, 
tlie draft of a bill against Piracy, which was enacted here to be of force for some time, which 
act did give pardon and liberty to all such as should come into the Province witiiin the 
limitation of tiiat time, and enter into bond for their good behaviour and not to depart the 
. u T, , province witliout Lycence, in which time a ship Commanded by one Coats which 

Acet of the Pirate 1 •' ^ t J 

^"'"^- had been in the time that Capt° Leisler took upon him the Govern' taken from 

tiie Enemy condemned and sold to the use of the Captors and hearing that Capt" Leisler was 
dead, they tlirew a great deal of East India goods over board, and most of them separated and 
left the ship at the East end the Island of Nassaw, when I heard of this, I called the 
Councill who were of opinion to have the ship brought up to New York, which was accordingly 
done, and these few that came in her, had the benefit of that act, and gave Bond accordingly; 
there never has been any other since come into this province. 
Of captn. Tue, to Capt" Tuc brought in no ship to this Port, he came here as a stranger, and 

Tvlioin he gave a 

cominissiou. Came to my table as other strangers do, when they come into the province ; he 

told me he had a sloop of force well Mann'd and not only promised but entered in to Bond 

to make War upon the French, in tiie mouth of Cannada River, whereupon I gave him a 

Cominissiou and instructions accordingly. 

As also to others. 1 havc givcu soiue private Commissions to others of like nature, who have 

done service against the Kings Enemies. 

One Hoare an Irish- Au Irisiimau ouc Hoare by a Commission from S' W" Beeston of Jamaica 

man with .a Com- . " 

mi.ssion from 8r {gok a considerable prize from the French loaded with sucar & Indisro, which 

Wni. Beesfon took ^ o o ' 

a uich French Prize. ].,p carried iiito Road Island and there disposed of the loading as I am informed, 
the prize ship being of better force and fitter for his purpose he put on board of her and 
To whom he also sppl}'^^ ^° ™® ^""^ ^ Commissiou to go against the French on the banks of 
gave a Commission Newfoundland and Moutli of Canada River, which I gave him and took security, 
for his observing my instructions. I liave not lieard of him since. 

It may be my unhappiness, but not my crime if they turn Pyrates, I have heard of none yet 
that has done so. 


Aori of rnptn KM One Capt" Kid lately arrived here, and produced a Commission under the 
niissnfromiiioKinc n-reat Seal of Eushind, for suppressing of Piracy, when he was here, many 

tor BuppreAsing of o ~ i i o -' 

Piraics. flockt to him from all parts men of desperate fortunes and necessitous in 

expectation of getting vast treasure, he sailed from liciicc with loO men as I am informed 
great part of them are of this province ; It is generally believed here, they will have money 
p' fas aut nefas, that if he misse of the design intended for which he has commission, 'twill not 
be in Kidd's power to govern such a hord of men under no pay. 
Mr. Caleb Honih- M' Caleb Heathcote is not to leave this Province and hath given directions for 

col© diH'9 not leave , i . ^^ i i , , r tt l \ 

the Province the taking out of the warrant, he is a Gentleman, hath been very usetull, and has 

advanced his private fortune for His Maj"'>' service, to answer an emergency when mouey was 
not in tiie Treasury, and zealously affected to His Maj"" Govern' and Interest. 
Tiu- oniers given What is Ordered concerning the P'rigats that attend this coast, must be of 

nbl Ihc coiivovs for ^" t /^ i, • i t-» i i r 

thei'rovincche scrvice ; the provisions that go from hence and fall into the Lnemj's hands for 

thinks will bo ad- ? r o .' 

vantagious. ^.jj,jj. ^f coHvoy are a great strengthening of them, who are not otherwise able to 

fit so many privateers in the West Indies. 

Provisions are exported from hence at all times and seasons of the year, even in the winter 
when there is ice in our Rivers, a vessell outward hound will find an opportunity of wiud and 
weather to get to sea, when strangers dare not venture upon our Coast. 

When it is publicly known what method Vour Lordships propose, the Merchants will order 
their affairs to the greatest safety and least hazard. 
He will obey the J shall obcv Your Lordsliips directions in looking after the conduct of the 

orders relatiiijr to '^ * i • i , i ii • i i 

the commaruirs uf Capt"' of His Mai''" ships here; I have been several times on board the Kichmond, 

the Ks ships i J I ' 

when I have seen her well nianu'd, her lying up many months during tiie 
hardships of our winters and the little conveniency we have for careening and filling such 
ships occasions great charge to His Majesty and little use to this place. Our protection from 
November to March being the north-west winds. 
He does not know J have not heard of his Baking and brewing for any vessell but his own, and 

that the Coiniiiiiixlr ' "" 

bakes or 'iirewl'l '"1^'*^ "'^o obscrved liiui not negligent of his duty. 

huown.""'"'''" I shall take care to supply His Maj'>" ships here with what men are wanted, 

and prevent irregularities of impressing to the hurt of Trade. 

His being at Alba- 1 was necessitated to put myself into Albany this winter, where 1 continued 

nv all winter gave .,, . _, ..■ i.ii* . ^- r l- li* 

the inhabiu.1118 uutil tlic Hiouth of Marcli, which gave the inhabitants great satisfaction and kept 

great salisfaelion — , • i • I 

them together, I cannot in these summer montiis leave this Garrison being the 
frontier to the sea. 

His treatment to I huve been at great pains to gain the hearts of the Heathen, and have as 
Bomoo t e n ans. j^^j^^]^ ^j- {j^gj^ esteem as any Governor ever had before me, 1 have taken llicir 
Chief Sachims to my table ; some of the principal leading men of the Five nations, came down 
the River to pay me a visit, whom I treated with all manner of kindness and Courtesy, I 
ordered them on board the greatest siiips we have and the guns to be fired, the King's birth 
day happening in that time; I ordered them to be by when all the guns were fired, I caused 
some of them to be loaded with ball, to show them how far they could carry upon the River, 
I caused Granada shells to be fired before tiiem and let them see the armory. I ordered six 
horses to be put into my coach and my coachmen to drive them round the City and into the 
Country to take the air, by which they were extreamly oblieged, and dismissed them with 
considerable presents, at which they did express great satisfaction. 


Two Indian princes Wlieu I Came dowu from Albaiiv last fall, Two of the Indian princes 

had a designe to a^o * 

Engid but changed foUow'd Hie and had some purpose of aroine for England but altered their 

their mmdea. r r o o o 

I have had a boy about fifteen 3'ears ( the son of a great warrior that dyed brave in an 
eugagem' against the French, about three years agoe) in ray family upwards of a twelvemonth 
and put him to school, he can speak both Dutch and English, but of late his Mother came 
down and inticed him away to kindle his fathers fire and built up his house. 
cminciis°comaia'id3 I sluill pursue Your Lordsliips further Commands concerning the Indians. 
Associations""' The Associations that were sent us from Whitehall, were of two sorts, and 

came by different conveyances which caused the mistake, but they were both, signed and 
returned, some might miscarry, 
copys of their Acts I am glad to hear of the arrival of these our Acts of Assembly, several 

& Journals are pre- *^ 

paring to be sent, packets have been lost since the warr, I hope those by way of Virginia are come 
to hand safe by this time, other copies and Journals are preparing for next safe conveyance. 
hinislTf a»st''the'"' ^^ ^^ ^^^^ complaints given in against me, I thank God I have a clear and 
agithti''™"'" undisturb'd mind and shall be able to vindicate myself. 
The Towns of Eye Some time beforc I came down from Albany two small towns of Rye and 

and Bedford have ■' "^ 

tfcm"nd''b'"°the'm Bedford in Weschester Count}', that ly next to Connecticut being much in 
countenanced. arrearages of Taxes have revolted to Connecticot, who countenance them 
notwithstanding I found them at my arrival part of this province, and so have continued till 
now, which is contrary to a stipulation made between the Colony and Coll Dongan An" 1683 
under the hands and seals of their Gov'' and Assistants; lam loath to make warr upon any 
of His Maj''" subjects, and therefore lay this matter before your LordP'; They have invaded 
us with a Capt° and fifty men armed with Fuzees on Horseback, to disturb the Election of a 
representative, pursuant to the King's writt at the Town of Rye. I never found them so 
forward to give assistance to Albany, upon an approach of the Enemy, notwithstanding my 
frequent application & the Royal Commands, that did oblige their obedience. 

I have desired them not to countenance these irregularities, but to suffer these Towns to 
remain as they were, until Your Lordships, give your determination, which I am at all times 
ready to obey, but they will not hearken unto me — All this I humbly submitt unto your 
Lordships and shall endevour to approve myself — May it please your Lord^' most obed' most 
dutiful and most hunible servant. 

Benj: Fletcher 


Commiss^ion of Captain Narifan to he Lieutenant-Governor of New -Yorh 

[Xew-York Knlrit-m A. 24T. ] 

Tlie Lords Justices of Engliuid. 
Tliouias Ciiiituar Shrewsbury 

J. Soiners C. Simdi'rliuul 

Devonsliire Uomney. 

To Capt" Jolin Nanfaii, Greeting. Whereas by His Maj"'* Commission under tiie great Seal 
of England, bearing date the IS"' day of June in the O"" year of his Keign, His Maj''' iiatli 
thought fit to constitute and appoint the Right Hon''''^ Richard Earl of Bellomont to be His 
Capt" General and Gov' in chief, in and over His Province of New York and the territories 
depending thereon in America. And whereas His Maj'^ reposes especial trust and conlidence 
in your Loyalty, courage and circumspection, His Maj'^ does by these presents, constitute and 
appoint you to be His Lieut' Gov"' of his said province and territories of New York, to have, 
liold, exercise and enjoy the said place and Oflice for and during His Maj"" pleasure with all 
Rights, Priviledges, proiits, ])erquisits and Advantages to the same belonging or appertaining. 
And in case of the death or absence of the said Richard Earl of Bellomont His Maj'J' does 
hereby authorize and require you, to execute and performe all and singular the powers and 
directions contained in the said Commission to the said Richard Earl of Bellomont, aud such 
instructions as are already or hereafter shall from time to time be sent unto him. And you 
are to observe and follow such orders and directions as you shall receive from His Maj"", the 
said Richard Earl of Bellomont or any other Chief Governor of the said province of New 
York and territories depending thereon lor the time being, during his residence witltbi the same. 
And all and singular His Maj"" Officers Ministers and loving subjects of the said province and 
territory and others whom it may concerne, are hereby commanded to take due notice hereof, 
and to give their ready obedience accordingly. At the Court at WJiitehall the first day ol' 
July 1G97. In the ninth year of His Maj'^"' Reign. 

By their Excellencies Command 

James Vernon. 

Governor Fletcher to (lie Lords of Trade. 

I Ncw-Tork Entries, A. 294. ] 

May it please your Lordships. 
Advice from Cur- Siucc my last there is arrived a sloop from Curraco in her Ballast that came 

rago of the French i • i 

and of Admi Ne- fi-Qm thence the first of June last, the Dutch Gov' there gives me advice the 
French have taken the Fort Boca Chica, and are before Carthagena, which is 
doubted they are also masters of; Having spared much provisions to the Spaniards ou this 
occasion he craves liberty to purchase bere for money ; his sloop being immediately searched 
by the Custome house Officer, and the Master taking oath he came without any loading, the 


Council were unanimously of opinion for giving him libeity upon so urgent and good a 

Tlie sloop in her way liither touched at the Bohemia Islands, where the Master understood 
that Admirall Nevill had been at Petit Guavas, and was gone towards Carthageua in good 
health and condition. 
Propositions from Your Lordshio will see by the inclosed propositions the unwearied pains and 

the Indiana. r j 11 1 

Craft of that French Count Frontenac to draw over our Indians, and how 
necessary it is for His Majestys service to preserve their allyance to this province. 
a Scotch ship ar- I hear there is a ship of 30. Guns from Scotland arrived at Pennsilvania. 

nveti at 1 cnsyl- * 

TVamofsubsistance ^^'^Y it please YouF Lordsiiips, we are under great hardships for want of a due 

and constant returne of the subsistence of the four Companies. 
Several Bills he has I have drawu sundry Bills upon the Agent whicli are returned protested for 

drawn upon the J 1 o r 

proSd'""^"""' "ot being paid in money but Bank bills, in which there is 19. in the lumdred 
losse, as I am informed other payments have been with charge — This accident 

has given that checq: to the credit of my bills that neither victuallers nor Merchant will 

accept of them. 

^"cioLto'"''"'"'''' ^ humbly beg your Lord?' favour in this matter disappointments in our cloaths 
and subsistance greatly discourages the service. 

The three Lieutis. These Lieut'^ Your LordP' mention, must throw some crimination on me to 

cover their own guilt, they quitting His Maj'*' service at a time wiien the Enemy was 


^ntw^kSic™" Tlie companyes have been victualled ever since I came over, upon my Bond 

"Kieutt'spaM'^is & Credit, I constantlj^ paid these Gentlemen as money came to my hand, either 

money eame to hand. i i -, . 

to themselves or Capt"'as their acquittances will show. 
Levingsion When M'' Liviugston gave in his complaint against me, he had not one penny 

due to him from me or the Govern' since my coming to it, that 900.£ he charges me with while 
he was given over here for lost, was all paid to his order, ere he got to England. 

I hope when it pleases God I may attend Your Lordf'' it will appear I have above all things 
studied to serve His Maj'^ as becomes an honest man in endevouring the s-afety and prosperity 
of tliis Province, both which have hitherto attended it, and in all other parts of my duty, I 
shall adjust myself a loyal subject &. 

Your Lordships — most obedient most 

humble and most dutiful servant 
New York July 2. 1097. Benj: Fletcher. 


Propositions of the Onondage Sachims. 

[ Xcw-Tork rapcre, A. B. B.32. 1 

Propositions made by tlie Sachims of Onoudage in Albany this 9"" of June 1G07. 

Present. — Coll. Peter Sfhiiylor Major Dirck Wessell 

Dellius Captaine Evert Banker. 

Dekanassore Speaker 

Brother Cajenquirago. 

Odatsigtha is lately come troiii Canada as alsoe the 2 Mohaqiies tliat the Father sent thither 
with the woman and child that were prisoners ; of the two last wee hear no newes, hut of the 
first, that is Odatsigtha lie liath related to us what he had said to the (^nondia, that he iiad an 
allection for his own country and would therefore returne thither. Whereupon Onoudia 
answered that he did well that he might return to his own country hut that he would give him 
a belt of Wampum to deliver to the 5 Nation : which he did ; the Belt was folded double, the 
one halfe was a token of the allection he had for Odatsigtha and the other halfe was to show 
the Five Nation the inclination he has to make peace with them and pursuant thereunto they 
should send one out of each family to him, or if that was to be too troublesome, they should 
send some of tlieir principle men to him, or if they could not resolve upon that, then they 
should send some of their meanest persons ; but if they should still scruple, [that] they should 
declare their thoughts of peace to Odatsigtha, who would tell it him; for he would leave 
nothing undone, but would use all endeavours to come to the peace. 

When Odatsigtha brought this Belt from Onondio unto our Castle, Onegade said that it was 
resolved by the generall vote of old and young men and women &' that none of their Castle 
should againe goe to live at Canada because Cajenquiragos people as well as other nations 
charged them with being afiected to the French. 

Brother Caijenquirago. 

About this Belt from the Onondio we summons all the 5 Nations in, by seven hands of 
Wampum wee asked the Oneydes if they had informed the gentlemen of Albany with it, 
who said they had not ; wee have also neglected to send 7 hands of wampum to Albany to 
desire them to assist us in our generall meeting, perticularly about the treaty of peace, which 
of old is used to be done there. Before the missinger returned that wee sent with the seven 
hands of Wampum for the whole house to meet, the Onondio had killed one of our people, but 
because it was one of our own people, not of another nation, and also that we are desired to 
make peace, we resolved that we would not therefore put a stop to it. Upon our 7 hands of 
W^ampum the Sinnodwannes' Cajoegers nor Maquas appeared to consult about the Onoudios 
Belt, but they sent us word they would leave the mater wholly to us. 

As you Cajenquirago gave us leave about 2 years since to make peace with the Onondio, and 
wee have therefore resolved to send Aredsion and Sontragtowane as Agents to the Onoudios 
with a belt of Wampum folded double with these words 


You told Odatsigtha when he came from Canada that you inclined to peace & to that end you 
sent a Belt of Wampum to desire us to come to you to make peace : Father, is that true : — 

' Senecas. See ante, III., 322. — Ed. 


And having said this they should let fall the fold out of the Belt of Wampum. We do not 
know how your heart is inclined you speack of and send to make peace, and at the same time 
you knock our people in the head, and commonly when you send for us you sharpen you Ax. 
Tiiey shall throw down the Belt and say; — Father, speack now. 

Wliatsoever answer the Ono[n]dio shall give them they shall reply only thus: — Father, the 
words you have spoken to us Wee shall carry to our country and consider of them ; send 
along with us 2 P'rench men and 2 praying Indians, and they can returne with our resolutions 
& carry backward and forward what shall be further proposed. 

Li-other Cajenquirago. 

Last winter you sent a belt of Wampum by Sadegnjeidon to the whole house to inform thein 
of your arrivall at Albany, to cover it and us from the insults of the enemy, for which we 
heartily thank you ; but that Belt came but just now to us; wee have sent it up further to 
Cajouge & Sinnodowannes; had that Belt been delivered in time, it would have been of great 
service to the publick. 

Bi'other Cajenquirago 

I will not conceal any discourse that passed between Odatsigtha & Onondio. The Onondio 
said : — 

Child, you go now to your own Country, I am wholly inclined to peace. I would have your 
arm tycd to mine that hereafter we might live peaceable together. 

Odatsigtha answers ; — 

No Father, I will not have mj^ arm tyed to yours, because you might lift up your arm against 
my own people & then my arm would hang to yours. 

Then the Onondio answered him' that he would never make warr againe with the 5 Nations. 
The Onondio sends for Canaghkonje^ to go and dwell 3 years in his bosome, & in that time he 
will know his intentions. All this we have sent to the Upper Nations for advice, though we 
beleve it will not be agreeable to the whole House because the Onondio hath deceived them 
in this manner more than once. 

Brother Cajenquiragoe. 

Wee thought the 2 Mohaques which our Father sent to Canada were detained by the Onondio 
[and] in order to release them we had prepared a great Belt of Wampum to be sent by our 
messinger, but hearing they were returned we kept the Belt. 

Brother Cajenquiragoe. 

Wee sent lately 7 hands of wampum by Juthory (who is since killed) to desire you to 
assist us in the rebuilding of our Castle & have been informed by some in his company that 
you give us a favourable answer we hope, you have not forgot it [it] will be a very convenient 
time to do it when our corn is eatable ; for we do not reckon that it is peace though there is 
discourse of it. 

Upon this they give 7 hands of Wampum 


1 "Assured h nil ". Oriu;inal Minute in JWw- Fori Colonial Manuscripts, XIA. — Ed. 

2 This word is "Canaghkouse" in the text, but it is corrected according ti) the original in New -York Colonial Maniiscripts, 
XLI. It is supposed to be equivalent to Konossioni (see ante, 78), which means The whole house, or the entire Five 
Nations. — Ed. 


Answer to the foregoing Propositions made by tlie Sachim of Onondagoe. 

Present — Colloncll Schuler Major Wessells 

Dellius Captaine Banker. 


That Odatsiglitha had brought a Belt from the Onondio out of Canada wee were informed 
off before by others & thereupon wee sent a Belt by Kanacii-Konje the 2(5"' of May last unto 
you the contents of which wee informed you otf the day before yesterday to which we referr 
you, but we cannot anough admire that you should call a generall meeting of all the 5 Nations 
to consult upon the Belt sent by the Onondio & moreover that you and the Oneydis should 
conclude to send two messengers to treat of peace with Onondio without giving the least 
knowledge [thereof] to Cajenquiragoe. 


We are almost afraid to write it to Cajenquiragoe, for, besides, your entring upon such 
maters is a breach of your so many repeated promises not to treat with the enemy on any 
account, without his advice, so it is also a breach of the covenant chain made between us & 
you wherein it is concluded by each of us that we should assist one another in carrying on the 
warr, and that wee should live and dye together, and more then all this you are perticularly 
obliged to tis, because we entered into the warr upon your accounts ; for we were in peace 
when you were in actuall warr with him, and besides you know how Cajenquiragoe hath 
assisted you with amonition, provisions, &= You say that the Sinnodowanney' Cajouge & 
Mohaques were not at your meeting, but notwithstanding had left the affair wholly to you. 
what relates to the 2 Upper Nations we cannot say any thing to it, although we cannot believe 
they should so much forgett themselves, but what relates to the Mohaques they have informed 
us that they sent a Belt of Wampum 16 deep to you, to stopp your proceedings, at least unlill 
Henrick and Tjerck returned from Canada, so that you cannot say that they left the matter 
wholly to you. 

You say that Cajenquirago 2 year agoe gave you leave and perticularly you De Canassore to 
goe to Canada to make peace with Onondio. 


We were present at the same time ; it was only by way of discourse to try your affection 
and if so be you would make peace because he had been infonned you begged it almost upon 
your knees of Onendio, that you should take care that the subjects of the Great King beyond 
sea should not be damaged thereby. Whereupon you resolved then as you did also last year 
renew to Cajenquiragoe that you would not enter into any negotiations of peace with Onondio. 

Besides Brethren this Belt which wee now give is wholly to put a stop [to] your intended 
message, & if so be you still persist in your designes (which wee cannot think you will) you 
shall at least stop so long untill all the Sachems of the 5 Nations do meet and consult with 
Cajenquiragoe at Albany. 

In the mean time let us tye your armes to ours and lift them up together against the 
common enemy ; remember what Onondio lately did to Juthory and yesterday at Schenectade 
and here to day, to our people. 

' See note on page 279. — Ed. 

Vol. IV. 85 


Brethren, we cannot imagine how you became so dronck in your understandings as to call 
Onondio your Father. Wee know no Father Onondio here, he is our and your enemy ; do you 
call your enemy your Father, who has no other thoughts but to kill and distroy you. Our 

2 Mohaques who were lately at Canada were wiser; they called him to his face no otherwise 
then Onondio. 

What you speak of being assisted in re-building your Castle; — Brethren, you shall always 
find Cajenquirago very ready to do it. 

What you say about the Onondios desire to have Kanack konje lodged in his bosome for 

3 years that he might better know his intentions : — Brethren wee belive that the whole House 
long agoe knows his heart to be nought therefore not necessary for Kanack Konje to go ; also 
we believe he is too wise to go, and that you will perswade him to the contrary. 

What you say of Oneyde that its concluded there that none of them hereafter shall go live 
at Canada: — Brethren, Their words are very good if they are but confirmed by their deeds. 

What you mention about the Belt which Cajenquirago sent by Sadegojendon last winter to you 
to informe you that he was come to Albany with some forces to cover us and you from the insults 
of Onondio and that the said Belt was but just come to your hands ; Brethren — it is well 
done that you have sent it to the Upper Nations ; therein you may see how willing readdy and 
carefull Cajenquiragoe is to serve us; and would the Onondio have fought vrith him as he 
threatned, he would have received him very well with powder and ball, but for the Onondio 
he makes a great noyse just like empty cask[s], which sound most. 

Upon this they were given a Belt of Wampum. 


A true Copy 

( signed) David Jamison CI. Concilij. 

Claim of Netv - Yorlc to a part of Acadia. 

[Brit Mas: Lansdowne MSS., No. S49, fol. 63.1 

Extract of a Memorial from M"" Nelson, dated 2^ July 1697. 

You may please to take notice that after the Surrender of Acadie unto the French, in the 
year 1670, by S"" Thomas Temple, the successive Governours of New York (did by virtue of 
orders from England as I suppose,) make clairae unto part of said Countreys, that is to say, 
from Pentagoet to the River S' Croix, as having of it inserted in the Duke of Yorks Patent ; 
But the French still kept posession until Sir Edmond Andross made an attempt upon it, by 
summoning in one M"' S' Costeine to acknowledge his dependence on the Crown of England; — 
upon whose refusal, he went with a Frigatt to Pentogoet, pillaged his house of what he 
found in it, but himself escaped ; on which arose (by the said Costein's instigation) the Indian 
war with which we have ever since been infested. 


Representation of Colonel Ingoldsby concefming New-YorTc. 

[Journal, X. 161.] 

Whitehall July the 10"' 1697 
At a Meeting of His Majesty's Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 

Present — Earle of Bridgewater 

Sir Piiilip Meadows 
M' Locke. 

New York Coloncl Ingoldsby, lately arrived from New York, attending according to 

summons, presented to their Lordships an Account of the Condition of tiie Forces 
there, which was read. And upon Enquiry made of liim in discourse he more particularly 
added ; That he hath been these seven years in His Majesty's service there. That the four 
Companies as sent from England, should have been four hundred men ; but by sickness and 
accident by the way were lessened before they came thither. They are kept up by annual 
levies in the Couutrey, at the great charge of that province : But there are little above half 
the number left of those same men that went over. Provisions are dear : And their 
subsistance small. So that miless the Officers assisted the Soldiers (as he himself hath don^ 
considerably) they would be ready to starve and this the Officers themselves are not able to 
do, but by having their Companies sometimes a little weak. This War ruins the people ; The 
Inhabitants are decreased in number. The English and Indians when he came away, were 
in very good Correspondence : But the French out do us much in caressing them. About 
two years ago there was two hundred pounds raised for an Expedition to attack and demolish 
Cadaraqui, at which time it might easily have been don ; And he himself was orderd upon 
that service with three hundred men; But afterwards countermanded. Last August the 
French with their Indian Friends, to the number of about Two thousand men, well armed 
made an Incursion into the Country of the Ouondagues but soon retired. It is absolutely 
necessary that there be always a good force kept at Albany ; New York being so far distant, 
that it is impossible (upon any attack) to send force from thence time enough for their 
assistance. The Fortifications at Albany are very much ruined : And consist of but one 
Stone Mount, with three Flankers ; The rest are only Stockados. 

He then presented to their Lordships a Draught of the Indian Country above Albany 
towards the great Lake ou one side, and Quebec on the other. 


InMructions for the Earl of Bellomont. 

[New-York Entries, A. 216.] 

By the Lords Justices. 

Tho: Cantuar. His Mnjestys Instructions for tlie Right Hou""'^ Richard Earl of Bellomont 
J. Somers. C: jjj^ Maj"''^ Capt" General and Gov'' in chief of His Prov" of New 

Orford. York and the territories depending thereon in America. At the Court 

at Whitehall the 31*' day of August 1G97. in the ninth year of His 

Maj'y^ Reign. 

EariofBeiiomnnt "With these His Majcstics instructions you will receive His Maj"" Commission 
under the great Seal of England, constituting you His Capt" General and Gov"' in 
Chief of His Maj"" province of New York, and tlie territories depending thereon in America. 
To repair thither. You are hercupon to fit yourself with all convenient speed to repair to His 
Mai"" province of New York in America and being arrived tliere, you are to take upon you 
And upon arrival i\^q e.xecution of the placc and trust His Mai'^ hath reposed in you, and forthwith 

to Assemble the '■ ^ - j 

co"°«'- to call together the members of His Council for that province, byname Frederick 

CounciUrs names ^ , ^ i i tvt- i -r. t ttt-h. r, • i ^ i • i -Kr- n 

Flypson, Stephen Cortlandt, JNicolas Bayard, VVuliam Smith, Gabriel Mienveele, 
Chidley Brook, William Nicolls, Thomas Willet, William Pinhorne, Peter Schuyler, John 
Lawrence, Richard Townley and John Young Esq". 
To publish his You are with all due and usual solemnity, to cause the said Commission under 

Commission. -, n -n t ^ • • ■«- tt- -nt- •, /-t • ^^ i i 

the great seal of England, constituting lou His Maj s Captain General and 
Governour in chief as aforesaid, to be published in the said province. 
To take the oaths You shuU take vourself and also administer unto each of the members of His 

himself ana also to *^ 

toih"meraber9''of' Maj"" Said Couucil as well as the oaths appointed by act of Parliament to be 
the councu. taken instead of the oaths of allegiance & supremacy, as also the test, and the 

oath for the due execution of your and their places of trusts, and both, you and they shall 
likewise subscribe the Association mentioned in a late act of Parliam' Entituled: An act for the 
better security of His Maf^'^ Royal person and Government. 
To communicate to You are to communicate unto his Maj''" said Council from time to time, such 

them such of His -^ , , . i ii /• i as he and SO many of his instructions as you shall find convenient for his service to be 

shall thiul; fit — '' .* 

imparted unto them, 
freedlim of'debate" ^^^ 7°*^ ^''^ ^° permitt the members of His Maj"" Council, to have and enjoy 
and vote. frecdome of debate and vote in all things to be debated of in Council. 

Not to act Willi the Aiid also by His Mai'^'* Commission aforesaid he hath thought fit to direct, that 

Quorum of less than p i /-t 

five, except upon auv three of the Councillors make a quorum. It is nevertheless His Mai"" will 

extraordinary occa- J k J 

^'°''- and pleasure, that you do not act with a Quorum of less than five members 

except in case of necessity. 

To transmit the Aud that His Maj'^ may be always informed of the names of persons fit to 

names and Charac- .j j j i 

tcr of six persons lit supply the vacanclcs of His Council in New York, you are to transmitt unto His 

to supply the vacan- i r j ^ j 

cies in Council. Maj'^ and the Commissioners for trade and foreign Plantations with all convenient 
speed, the names and characters of six persons inhabitants of the said province and territories 
whom you shall esteem the best qualified for that trust, and so from time to time 



An.i when any of whcu auv of tlieiu sliall dve, depart out of the said Province, or become 

them shall dye to _ •' J i 

uamo others to His otlicrwise Unfit, vou are to supply the first numher of six persons by nominating 

Multy in their stead. ' •' i I J I J o 

others to His Majesty in their stead. 
TosendtotheKinR You arc from time to time to send His ]\Iai'> and Commissioners for Trade 

and Commissrs for *' _ 

trade and I'hinta- jj^^] pijmtat"' tlie uauies and ciualilies of any members bv you put into the said 

tloiis tlio names and I .' ^ J ir 

Se^'ap^oinl-i'tobo Couucil, by tiic first couvenicncy after your so doing. 

the Councillors. ^jj ^jjg choice aud nomination of members of His Maj'>' Council, as also of the 

tile coundfira ii'c"" principal Officcrs, Judges, Assistants Justices, and Sheriffs, you are always to 

abilities eitc. " take care that they be men of estate and ability, and not necessitous people or 

much in deht, and that they be persons well afiected to His Maj"" Govern' 

Not to suspend any You are uot to suspcud the members of His Mai'>''^ Council without good and 

oflhcCoiineilwith- ' .) e 

tolrS'niSThe rea- Sufficient causc, and in case of suspension of any of them, you are forthwith to 
doin-.'"^ ^'^" '"" ^^ transmit unto His IMaj'^ and to the said Commiss" your reason for so doing, 
together with the charge and proofs against the said persons and their answers thereunto. 
To send authentiek You are to transmit Authentic copies under tiie publick seal of all Laws, 

enjiies of Laws ette. _^ it i-i • iiii ^ -i ■ t • ^ 

l^tatlltes and ordinances, winch at any time shall be made or enacted within tlie 
said province, unto His Maj'^' and the Commissioners aforesaid, within three months or sooner 
after their being enacted, together with duplicates thereof by the next conveyance, upon pain 
of His Maj"" high displeasure, and of the forfeiture of that years Salary wherein you shall at 
any time or upon any pretence whatsoever, omit to send over the said laws and ordinances 
as aforesaid, within the time above limited, 
ituiesabt nets for You are not to i)ass any act or order in any case for levying money, or inflicting 

fines and penalties, w'hereby the same shall not be reserved to His Maj'^' for such 
publick uses as by the said act or order shall be directed. And His Maj'^ does particularly 
require and command, that no money or value of money whatsoever be given or granted by 
any act or order of Assembly, to any Gov"" Lieut' Gov"' or Commander in Chief of his said 
province, which shall not according to the stile of acts of Parliam' in England, be mentioned 
to be given and granted unto His Maj'^, with the humble desire of such Assembly, that the 
same be applyed to the uses and behoof of such Govern"" Lieut"' Govern"' or commander in 
chief if His Maj'>' shall so think fit, or if he shall not approve of such gift or application, that 
the said money or value of money be then disposed of and appropriated to such other uses as 
in the said act or order shall be mentioned, and that from the time the same shall be raised it 
remain in the hands of the Collector or receiver of the said province, until His Maj'^'" pleasure 
shall be known therein. 
Not to come to Ku- And for as much as great prejudice may happen to His Mai"" service and the 

rope without his . a i j j n j 

M»j'j» express security of the said province, by your absence from those parts, for prevention 
thereof, you are not to presume upon any pretence whatsoever to come to Europe 
without having first obtained leave for so doing from His Maj'^ under his sign manual and 
signet or by his order in his privy Council, 
rpon his absence And as His Maj''' is willing in the best manner to provide for the support of 

from the territories p 

N ^"r/ono' haff *"® Govcm' of his Said Province by setting apart sufKcient allowances to the 
wM ■beSre'due Licut' Gov' or commaudcr in chief residing for the time being within the same. 
'a°bs''e'n"e''''to"bl"ai- His Maj'^' Will aud pleasure is, that when it shall happen that you shall be 
Gm4- " absent from the territories of New England and New York, of which His Maj'y 
hath appointed you Gov" full one moiety of the salary and of all perquisites and emoluments 


which would otherwise become due unto you, sliall during the time of your absence from all 
the said territories, be paid and satisfied unto such Lieut' GoV or Commander in Chief, who 
sluill be resident upon the place for the time being, which His Maj'^ does hereby order, and 
allot unto him for his better maintenance, and for the support of the dignity of that Govern' 
Pui.iick money to You shall uot sufter any publick money whatsoever to be issued or disposed of 

be issued by his ^ l ^ i 

of'lhec^uncu™" othcrwise then by warrant under your hand, by and with the advice and consent 

of the Councill. 
AcctsoftheEeve- You are to cause the accounts of all such money or value of money attested 

nue nttested by *^ '^ 

miTte'i'haif-'earY' ^J J^^^' *° ^^ transmitted every half year, to the Commissioners of His INIaj'^* 
treasury or the high Treasurer for the time being, and to the Commiss" for 
Trade and Plantations, wherein shall be specified every particular sum raised or disposed of, 
together with the names of the persons to whom any payment shall be made, to the end. 
His Maj''' may be satisfied of the right and due application of the revenue of his said province 
and the territories depending thereon. 
Not to remit nnes You shall uot remit any fines or forfeitures above the sum often pounds before 

and forfeitures, nor *^ 

dispose of Eseheats Or after tliB sentcuce glvBU, nor dispose of any Escheats whatsoever until you 

■\villiont Hia Majtya n ^ L J J 

direction shEA\ have first signified unto his Majesty the nature of the offence or the 

occasion of such fines, forfeitures and escheats with the particular sums or value thereof which 
you are to do with all speed unto the Commissioners of His Maj'^ Treasury or the high 
Treasurer for the time being and to the Commissioners for Trade and plantations, and until 
you shall have received His Maj'^'= directions therein, but you may in the mean time respite 
the payment of the said fines and forfeitures. 

Topassnoiawettc And you are, particularly, not to pass any law or do any act by grant 
Kevenue. Settlement or otherwise, whereby His Maj'^' revenue may be lessened or 

impaired, without his especial leave or command therein. 

Thesecrtytopro- You are to require the Secretary of the said Province or his deputy for the 
Acta "eTc" V^'e" time being, to provide transcripts of all such acts and publick orders as shall be 
made from time to time together with a copy of the Journals of the Assembly, to 
the end, the same may be transmitted unto the Commiss" for Trade and foreign Plantations, 
which he is duly to perform upon pain of incurring the forfeiture of his place. 
ToiranBmitamap You shall trausmitt uuto His I\Lnj'^ by the first opportunity a map with the exact 
under ui3 oovernt dcscriptiou of the whole territory under your Govern' with the several 
plantations upon it and of the fortifications — 

^ ,. . ^ „ You are likewise to send a list of all officers employed under your Govern' 

Tosend a Iistof all r J J 

aiKn'accountoftho*'*'S''*^^^^^^' ^^^^^^ ^^^ publlck chargcs and an account of the present revenue, with the 
prraent revenue- probability of the incrcasc or diminution of it under every head or article thereof. 
Not to displace offl. You shall uot displacB any of the Judges, Justices, Sheriffs or other Officers or 

ccrs without a . sr j a ' ' 

cause- Ministers within the said province of New York, without good and sufficient 

cause to be signified unto His IVIajesty and to the Commiss" for Trade and Plantations and in 
Not to execute any ^he appointment of Judges and Justices of the peace, you are not to express any 
byhimsdforVpu- limitation of time in the Commissions which you are to grant to fit persons for 
person to execute thosB employments, nor shall you execute yourself or by Deputy any of the said 

more than one by i ^ ./ .; j i j j 

Deputy. Oflices nor to suffer any person to execute more Offices than one by Deputy. 

Not to dispose of ^'^^ ^'*^" "°'' ^y colour of any power or authority, grant[ed] or mentioned to be 

Patent offloei. granted unto yon, take upon you to give, grant or dispose of any office, or place, 


witliin the said province wliich is "or shall be granted under the great seal of England, any 
furtiier, tiian that you may upon the vacancy of any sucli oflice or place, or suspension of any 
such Ollicer by you, put in any person to officiate in the interval, until you shall have represented 
the matter unto His Maj''', which you are to do by the first opportunity, and that his pleasure 
be thereupon signified unto you. 
Nottopstawishany You shall uot ercct any Court or Office of Judicature not before erected or 

new Court or Office ,1.1 • 1 tt- ht • -it 

eitc. estabhslied without His Maj'" especial order. 

To transmit nn ac- You are transmit unto his Majv with all convenient speed, a particular account 

count of all courts ' -, _^ 

oiiicesettc of all cstabl islimcnts of Jurisdictions, Courts, Offices & Officers, Powers, 

Authorities, Fees and priviledges granted or settled within the said province, to tlie end, you 

may receive His ^faj'^''' especial direction therein. 

To regulate salaries ^'°" ^'^^^^ llkcwise take espccial care with the advice and consent of the said 

and fees ettc. Couiicill, to regulate all salaries and fees belonging to places and paid upon 

emergencies, that they be within the bounds of moderation and that no exaction be made upon 

any occasion whatsoever. 

Court of Exchequer. Whcreas it is ncccssary that all His Majesties rights and dues be received and 

recovered, and that speedy and eflectual Justice be administred in all cases concerning bis 

Maj"" revenue, you are to take care that a court of Exchequer be called, and to meet at all 

such times as shall be needfull, and you are to inform His Maj'^ and tlie Commiss" for Trade 

and riantations upon your arrival at New York, whether his service may require that a 

constant Court of Exchequer be settled and established there. 

The sole power of And whcrcas upou complaiuts that have been made to His Maj'^ of the 

impressing of sea- f 1 • 1 • r • 1 

men vested in him— irregular proceedings of the Capt"' of some oi Ins ships oi war in tlie 
. impressing of seamen in several of his plantations, his Maj"' hath thought fit to order and 
hath given directions to the Commissioners of the Admiralty accordingly, that when any 
Capt" or Commander of any of his ships of war, in any of his said plantations shall have 
occasion for seamen to serve on board the ships under their command, they do make their 
application to the Governours and Commanders in chief of his Maj"" Tlantations respectively, 
to whom as Vice Admirals his Maj'J' is pleased to commit the sole power of impressing seamen 
Toftimishhis ill any of his plantations in America, or in sight of any of them. You are 
Sas Sereshiii' therefore hereby required upon such application made to you by any of the 
e occasion. commanders of His Maj'" said ships of war within his province of New York 

and the territories thereon depending, to take care, that his said ships of war be furnished 
with the number of seamen, that may be necessary for His Majesties service on board them 
from time to time — 

Religion Ministers You shall take cspccial care that God Almighty be devoutly and duly sers-ed 
throughout your Govern', the book of common prayer as it is now established 
read each Sunday and holyday, and the blessed sacrament administred according to the rights 
of the Church of England. You shall be careful! that the Churches already built there, be 
well and orderly kept, and more built as the Colony shall by Gods blessing be improved, and 
that besides a competent maintenance to be assigned to the Ministers of each Orthodox church, 
a convenient house be built at the common charge for each minister, & a competent proportion 
of land assigned him for a Glebe and exercise of his industry. 
I'arishestobo You are to take care that the Parishes be so limited and settled as you shall 

limited and settled. . 

find most convenient for the accomplishing this good work. 


No Minister to be His Maiestv's will aiid pleasure is that no Minister be preferred by you to any 

preferred to any ec- t- J J J 

ciesiasticaibemiice ecclesiastical benefice in that province, without a certificate from the Right Rev** 

without a certmcate ^ O 

London" ^^' °' ^'^^ Bishop of Loudon, of his being conformable to the Doctrine and discipline of 

the Church of England, and of a good life and conversation — 
Any Minister And if any person preferred already to a benefice shall appear to you to give 

giving scandal ./ii j 11./0 

toberemoTed. scandall either by his doctrine or manners, you are to use the best means for the 
removal of him and to supply the vacancy in such manner as His Maj'>' hath directed. 
Ministers to be ad- Aud also His Mai''''^ plcasure is, that in the direction of all Church affairs, the 

raitted into vestries. *^ 

Minister be admitted into the respective vestries. 
To Collate the And to the end, the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of the said Bishop of London 

benetioes. grant * 

ria^eretuf "^"'^" ™^y *^'^^ place in that province as far as conveniently may be. His Maj''' does 
think fit that you give all countenance and encouragement to the exercise of the 
same, excepting only the colating of Benefices, granting Lycenses for Marriages and probate 
of Wills which is reserved to you His INIaj"" Goveruour and to the Commander in chief of his 
said province for the time being. 
Table of marriages You are to take cspocial care that a table of marriages, established by the 

to be bung up m ^ c> ' */ 

Churches- Canuous of the Church of England, be hung up in all the orthodox Churches 

and duly observed. 

No school master to His Maiesty does further direct that no schoolmaster be henceforth permitted 

keep school without ^ J r 

Bi3hp°of Lo^on" *° come from England, and to keep school within his Province of New York, 
without the lyceuce of the said Bishop of London, and that no other person now 
there, or that shall come from other parts, be admitted to keep school without Your Lycence 
first had. 
To punish dnmke- You are to take care that drunkeness and debauchery, swearing and blasphemy 

ncss and debauch- -^ ' ^ r J 

•"■J- be severely punished, and that none be admitted to publick trust and employment 

whose ill fame and conversation may bring scandal thereupon. 

To proceed by law. You are to take care that no man's life, members, freehold or goods be taken 

away or harmed in the said province, otherwise than by established and known laws. 

To administer the You shall administer or cause to be administred the oaths appointed by act of 

oaths to ail pubUck ^ i 1. j 

officers. Parliament to be taken instead of the oaths of allegiance and supremacy as also 

the test, to the members and officers of the Council, to all Judges, Justices, and all other 
persons that hold any office in the said province, by virtue of any patent under His Maj*'""' great 
seal of England, or the seal of this province of New York, and likewise require them to 
subscribe the forementioned Association — 
To permit liberty And you are to permit a liberty of conscience to all persons (except Papists) 

of conscience 10 aU '' ^ •' r \ 1 i / 

but Papists.— SO they be contented with a quiet and peaceable enjoyment of the same, not 

giving offence or scandall to the Government. 

Orders about the ^"°^^ ^^^^^ *^^® ^^^^ ^hat all Planters and Christian servants be well and fitly 

"^■"'"^ provided with arms, and that they be listed under officers, and when, and as often 

as you shall think fitt, mustered and trained, whereby they may be in a better readiness for the 

defence of the said province under your Government. 

Not to make fre- And you are to take especial care that neither the frequency nor 

quentand unncces- *■ 

sary marches. unreasouableness of remote marches, musters and trainings, be an unnecessary 
impediment to the affairs of the Inhabitants. 


You slia'll take an inventory of all Anns, Amunitioii and stores remaining in 

To traiistnit yonrly "^ 

arU'TimmmUi.m "">' o' 1^'^* .Maj'>'* Magazinos or Garrisons in his said province, and ol' those now 
*"^ seiil thither, and transmit an account of them yearly to His Maj'^, by one of his 

priucipal Secretaries of State, and to the Commiss" for trade and Plantations. 
To.umimiianacci You are also to demand an account of the stores of war lately sent thither, 

crsUjrt-a lutfly sent , ,. ,. .n , • i • i /» i ^ 1.1 

file. accordmg to the list of stores you will herewith receive, and oi what otlier arms 

and amunition have been bought with the publick monys or otherwise for the ser\'ice of the 

said Province, and the same to traiisinit unto His ftfaj'^ as aforesaid. 

To seiiic uwick ^'<^^' ^'"'^ '" ^'^'^'^ cspecial care that (it store houses be settled throghout tiie said 

.lore houses. Province, for receiving and keeping of arms, amnmnition luul oihcr publick stores. 

To croci Foris, for- Whcrcas it hath been represented unto His Maj'>', that it will be necessary to 

liflcatu™ titc. enlarge the fortifications of Albany and to nnike others at Schenect^ule to prevent 

the incursions of the French and their Indians from Canada, you are with the advise of the 

Council to raise such Forts, Castles or Platforms at Albany, Schenectade or other places within 

your Govern' as you shall find requisite for this service; Provided the charges thereof be 

defrayed out of His Maj"" revenue in IVevv York, or by contribution of the inhabitants. 

To assist any of iho In case of distrcss in any of His Majesty's Plantations, you shall upon 

I'lanins ill disirtm application of the respective Governt' thereof to you, assist them with what aui 

the condition and safety of your Government can permit. 

Dueeniriestobe xViul that His Majv luay be tlie better informed of the trade of His .said 

maile of goods ex- J J . , , ■ 1 1 p 1 1 1 

ported ao,i import- i)roviiice, vou are to take care, that due entries be made in all ports ot all goods 

cd anil copii'stliiTe- I ' .^ ^ * 

ofy™i£io be trans- a,jj Commodities imported and exported from thence and from and to what 
places they come and goe, and that a yearly account thereof be transmitted by 
you unto His Maj"" by one of His principal Secretaries of State, or to the Commissioners of 
his Treasury or high Treasurer for the time being, and to the Commissioners for Trade and 
foreign Plantations. 
ToRivcanaeoount You are froui tiuic to lime to crive an account as aforesaid, what strength your 

of tlie strength of " 1 j 1 

ndghbolis""^ bordering neighbours have (be they Indians or others) by sea and land, and what 

correspondence you do keep with them. 
No innovation Aud whereas His Mai''' is informed that some of the Colonies adjoining to 

within the Uiverof •> ll 

giKKis^'pas^'up '^'^ ^^^^ province under Colour of Grants, or upon some other groundless 
sMWe'pLidlho pretences, endeavour to obstruct the Trade of New York and Albany, you are not 
duties at >,. \ork ^^ suffer any innovation witliin the River of New York, nor any goods to pass up 
the same, but what shall have paid the duties at New York, to the end the chief benefit of that 
trade may be preserved to the Inhabitants and traders of New York and Albany, the same 
being agreable to the laws of the said Province, to former practice as well as necessary for the 
collecting those customes and other duties which are to be raised for the support of His 
To prevent any Majesties Govcm' there; and in case you find the Inhabitants of Fast Jersey 

trade l»etwecn East ^ ^ j /. »t 

di'aT' oiher'''han ''''^^''^ ^"7 "'^'^'^"^ ^^'^ ^f Trading with the Indians, than l)y tlie said River of Aew 
Totk!"'""^''""' York; you are to use your endevours to prevent the same, and to give his Maj'? 
advice thereof with your opinion what is proper to be done therein. 
To encourage uie You are to eucourasfe the Indians upon all occasions, so as they may apply 

Indians. "^ * 1 p t« 

themselves to the English trade and nation rather tlian to any other ot Europe. 
To Assemble the And you are to call before you the Five nations or Cantons of Indians viz': 

Five nations of - , . . 

Indians. the Maquacs, feinecas, Cayouges, oneids and Onandages, and upon their renewing 

Vol. IV. 37 


their submission to His Mnj'" Govern' you are to assure them in his name, that he will protect 
them as his subjects against the Frencli King and his subjects, and when any opportunity 
To purchnse shall offer, for purchasing great tracts of land for his Maj'y from the Indians 

for Ills Majly from ° '- 

tiH-ni for small sums, you are to use your discretion therein as you shall judge for the 

convenience or advantage which may arise unto His Maj'^ by the same. 

Tosiippressthein- You 3X6 to supprcss the iugrosing of commoditics, tending to [the] prejudice of 

pro,-*sinff of coino 

.lilies and to regu- that frcedome which commerce ought to have, and to settle such orders and 

lute commerce. '-' 

regulations therein with the advice of the Council as may be most acceptable to 
the inhabitants. 
To Encourage You are to givc all due encouragements and invitation to Merchants and 


others, who shall bring trade unto the said province, or an}' way contribute to 
African comp)^ the advantage thereof, In particular to the Royall African company of England. 
To observe the ^ C^i ^^^ carcfully to observe all the Articles contained in tiie Treaty for 

iiruifo between''* couiposing of differences restraining depredations and establishing of peace in 
"° an .-pam ^„-|grica, concluded at Madrid the n,- day of July 1670 with the Crown of Spain, 
an Authentick copy whereof you will herewith receive. And in case of any private injury or 
To inform His damage which shall be offered or done, to any of His Mai'^'' subiects in those 

Majty if any injury j o ti 

sui>\Ss Hnd nouo P^^''^ ^^J ^'ic subjects of the King of Spain or any other province or state in 
permit reparations, j^i^jity with His Majcsty, you shall take care to give his Maj'y an account tiiereof 
with all convenient speed, and not to permit or encourage reparations thereof to be sought any 
other way then what is directed and agreed on by the said Treaties. — 
To get a law past Whercas His Mai''' tiiinks fit for the better Administration of Justice tiiat a 

for <|u:ilifying men 

"'*•'"'■»"■ law be pa.ssed, wherein shall be set the value of Men's estates either in Goods or 

Lands, under wiiich they sliall not be capable of serving as Jurors; You are therefore by the 
first opportunity of transmitting any laws hither for His Maj'^'' approbation, to prepare and 
send one to that purpose. 
To endcvour the You are witli the Assistance of the Councill, to find out the best means to 

conversion of the r't-i-i J i • /^tvt itt 1^1.. 

negroes and the In- lacUitate and eucourage the conversion of Negroes and Indians to the Christian 

diims to the Chris- „ 1 • • 
tian Religion ItellglOn. 

^sforimpiojdnr" ^'°^^ '"'*^ *° cudevour with the Assistance of the Councill to provide for the 

the poor raising and building of publick workhouses in convenient places for the employing 

of poor and indigent people. 

The Govrs salary. His Maj'^' will and pleasurc is, that you do take to yourself as Governour, the 

sum of four hundred pounds per annum, out of the revenue arising in his said province, and 

Lt Govr-s salary that you cause to be paid out of the said revenue to His Maj'^ Lieut' Gov"' the sume 

of two hundred pounds p-" annum, as likewise to the several officers both civil and military, 

Salaries of Officers, such Salaries and allowances as have been annually paid unto them, until you 

shall receive His Maj'^' further directions therein. 

No alteration to be You shall not upou any preteucc whatsoever, permit any alteration to be made 

made in the value . , , r 

of the currant coyne m the valuc of the currcnt coyne, either foreign or belonging to His Maj'^'" 
dominions, without having first signified unto His Maj'^ the reasons for so doing, and received 
His pleasure therein — 
Writs to be issued Y^ou are to take carc that all writls be issued in His Mai'>'» Royal name 

III Ills Majty's name. ^ •' 

throughout his said province and the territories depending thereon. 
toVke'^vlthour ^^^ "^ niuch as great inconveniences may arise, by the liberty of printing 
his Licence- within the province of New Y'ork, you are to provide all necessary orders, that 


no person keep any press for printing, nor tiiat any book, Pamphli't or oilier matters 

whatsoever be printed, witiiout your especial leave and licence first obtained. 

Mr Levingston'9 Wliereas Robert Levingston an inliabitant of the said province of New York 

case reconiniLTnlc'.I. ,. , . , i i i ■ i /. tx- ^r •. i • • i 

did lu tiie year 1G95. liumbly lay before His JNIaj'^ several petitions and 
memorials relating to sums of money with interest thereupon, pretended to be due unto him 
for disbursements (and otherwise) upon account of publick service in tiiat province, and 
relating also to certain offices and employments, upon all which His Maj''' then gave directions 
by several particular orders in Councill according to the subject matter of each demand, but 
the Governor and Councill of that province, to whom the examination of his said demands 
were referr'd, have thougiit it lit for His Maj'>' service, to defer the execution of his foresaid 
orders, until upon further information His Majesty should be pleased to give further directions 
therein; His Maj''^' will and pleasure therefore is: that you, (together with his said Councill of 
that Province) do enquire and examine particularly as well into all the said llobert Levingstons 
demands, upon which the foresaid orders were grounded, as into the reasons that have hitherto 
iuduced the foresaid Govern'' & Councill, to defer their complyance therewithall, and that you 
report to His Maj"' your ()|)iiiion upon the whole matter. 
To do anvihini: f.>r Aiul if aiiv tiling sluill happen that may be of advantage and securilv to the 

llii- aclvuiilajjc of .. o II . - '. 

ihL- Proviuco said province, which is not herein or by His Maj'^' Commission jirovided ior, His 

Maj'^' will and pleasure is, that with the advice and consent of His Councill, you take order 
for the present therein, giving speedy notice thereof, that so you may receive, His Maj''' 
ratification if he shall approve of the same. Provided always, that you do not bycoUour of any 
iini not to iipciure Power or Authoritv hereby given you, commence or declari; War, without His 

war without His . . J a j 

M's con.nianii (x- Ma]"" kiiowledgc aiid command therein, except it be against Indians upon 

c.-pt at'st tlie In- J & 'in 1 

gelldcs.'"" '^""''^' emergencies, wherein the consent of the Councill shall be had, and speedy 
notice given thereof unto His Maj"'; And you are upon all occasions, to send 
unto His Maj"', by one of his principal Secretaries of State, and the Commissioners for 'i'rade 
and Foraign plantations, a particular account of all your proceedings, and of the coiidition of 
afl'airs within your Government. 
The laws roiatins Aud wlicreas the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament, upon consideration 

to thti Phkiilalioiis ' ' * 

"hm-of to bc^^iinc- °f the great abuses practised in the Plantation trade, have by an humble address 
tuaiiy observci. \i^[^.\y represented to His Maj'>-, the great importance it is of, both to His Maj'-" 
kingdome and to his I'lantations in America, that the many good laws, which have been made 
for the Govern' of the said plantations, and particularly the act passed in the 7"' and S"" years 
of His Maj"' reign, entituled — An act for jirevenling ///nidn and nguhaing abuses in the I'/aiitation 
Trade, be stricktly observed; you are therefore to take notice, that whereas notwithstanding 
the many good laws made from time to time, for preventing of frauds in the Plantation trade, 
it is nevertheless manifest, that very great abuses have been and continue still to be jiractised 
to the prejudice of the same, which abuses must needs arise either from the insolvency of the 
persons who are accepted for security, or from the remissness or connivance of such as have 
been or are Governors in the several Plantations, who ought to take care that those pers:)iis 
who give bond should be duly prosecuted in case of nonperibrmance. His Maj'^ takeing the 
good of his Plantations, and the improvement of the Trade thereof, by a strickt and punctual 
observance of the several laws in force concerning the same, to be of so great importance to 
the benefit of this his kingdome, and to the advancing of the duties of his Custonies here, that 
if he shall be hereafter inlbnu'd that at any time there shall be any failure in the due 


observance of those laws within the foresaid province of New York and the territories thereon 
depending, hy any wilfull fanlt or neglect on your part, His Maj*'' shall look upon it as a breach 
of the trust reposed in you by him, which he shall punish with the loss of your place in that 
Govern' and sncli further marks of his displeasure, as he shall judge reasonable to be inflicted 
upon you for your offence against His Maj'>', in a matter of this consequence, that he now so 
particularl)' charges you with. 
To ffive due en- And whcrcas His Mai"' has given orders for the Commissionating of fit persons 

C(Hirui;ement to the .J <- o i 

officers of the Aii- ^q |jg yj^e Aduiirals and Oilicers of His Admiralty and Customs in His several 

niiriilly and cus- ^ 

'°™' plantations upon the Continent of America and particularly within his dominions 

of New England and New York, His Maj'*" does therefore hereby will and require you, to give 
all due Countenance and incouragement, nnto the said Oflicers of his Admiralty and Customes 
in the execution of their respective Offices & trusts in all the places under your Govern' 

By their Excellencies command. 

James Vernon 

Additional Instructions to the Earl of Bdlomont. 

[Ncw-Tork Entries, A. 245.] 

By the Lords Justices. 

Tho: Cantuar fjis Majestys additional Instructions for the Right Hon'''^ Rich'' Earl of 
J. Somers c. Bellomout His Maj'i" Capt" General and Gov"' in Chief of His province 

Roniney . . . ' 

Offord. of New York and the territories depending thereon in America — At 

the Court at Whitehall the 9'" day of Sepf 1G97 in the ninth year of 
His Maj's"' reign. 

His Majesty having taken into His consideration which of your Governments in America 
you should first repair to, and being satisfied that your going to New York should not be 
delayed, by reason that is the frontier province the most exposed to the Enemy, which will 
therefore more immediately require your care to settle everything there in a fitting posture, 
either for the defence of the Country or for anoying the Enemy. His Maj''' hath thought fit 
hereby, to order, that you go accordingly directly to New York, unless after your departure 
from hence you shall meet with advices that may more necessarily oblige you to repair to any 
other of your Govern" in which case it is left at your liberty to repair to any other of your 

Govern'" before your going to New York. 

By their Excellencies command 

James Vernon. 


Governor Fletcher to the Lord^ of Trade. 

[New- York Enu-ifs, A. 29G.] 

May it please Your Lordships. 

Since my last of the 22 of June and 2"' of July copyes vviiereof are now sent, I have 
received no further commands from Your Lord?'. 
A shipp from Kngi.i A Brigantinc, one Cales Master bound from Endand hither with a cargoe of 

tak.'ii by the French O ' O O 

anil lurried to tJig value of ^GOOO was taken by a Frencii privateer and carried into Canada; 

the Trench (!ov'' was kind to the prisoners and gave them provisions and things 

triaip.i anil sent to neccssarv and let them travel! to Albany, vviiereupon by the advice of the 

Albany ivilhprovi- ■' „ . 

si.mseitc. Council, as well to niaintaine fair cpiarter, as to ease the provnice of the 

vpon which Coll: charge of some old men and women, that were taken by our Indians, I set so 

Fletehcr releases ao ^i*ii '1.1 ' c t.\ ' ' t- r^ 1 

manyFreueh. many at liberty with necessaries lor their journey to Canada. 

I have taken this opnortun