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fitiT-aS OBNTS 


^ TWK«(TY.ri¥» ovirrt txca,. 





No. 1. 




March, 1843. 



By Harper & Brothers, 82 Cliff-street. 



Dramatic Works and Poems of William Shakspeare, with Notes, Original and Selected, and 
Introductory Ilemarks to each Play, by Samuel Weller Singer, F.S.A., and a Life of the 
Poet by Charles Symmons, D.D. Illustrated by Nineteen Splendid Engravings on Steel. 
This Work will be issued complete in Eight Numbers, of nearly 150 octavo pages, with all 
the Engravings, at Twenty-five Cents each. 



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8vo With Illustrations on Steel. To be published in Twelve Weekly Numbers, with an 
Elegant Steel Engraving to each, at Twenty-five Cents. The first Number will be issued 
in March, aiMi will be for sale by all the Booksellers and Periodical Agents. 

HISTORY OF EUROPE, from the Commencement of the French Revolution 

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prising the History, Description, and Scientific Principles of every Branch of Human Knowl- 
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HO. 83 oLirr-STBEiT. 






*pAN it be wondered at UtLju Mr. GiflTord) that 
^ShakspMure ihookl twell into twenty or eren 
twice twenty Tolunei, when the latest editor (like 
the wind Ccdas) ooostantl? draws round him the 
floating errors of all his preoecenora 7' Upwards of 
twenty years ago» when the evil was not so great 
as it has since become, StecTens confessed that 
thefe was an ' eznberaace of comment,' arising from 
the * anrfwtjnn in eadi litUe Hercules to set op pillars 

ascertaining how fiur he had tniTelled throu^ the 

of black letter ;' so that there was 
9ome'danger of readers beins ' frighted away from 
fibakspeare. as the soldiers or Cato deserted their 
comrade wnen he became bloated with poison — 
crescens fueere cadaver.* He saw with a prophetic 
•ye that the eyil must cure itseUl and that the 
tnne would arriye when some of tnis iyy must be 
removed, which only served to ' hide the princely 
trankf and sock the verdure out of it.' 

This eipnrgatory task has been more than once 
ondertaken, but has never hitherto, it is believed, 
been executed entirely to the satisfaction of the ad- 
■yrers ^ our great Poet : and the woric has even 
BOW devolved upon one who, though not wholly 
unprepared for it by previous studies, has perhi^s 
Bandlested his presumption in undertaking it ' with 
weak and unezaminea shoulders.' He does not, 
however, shrink from a comparison with the labours 
of his iMredecessors, but would rather solicit that 
equitable mode ef being judged ; and will patiently, 
and with all becoming submission to the decision <n 
a competent tribunal, abide the result. 

As a new candidate for public favour, it may be 
aspeoted that the Editor should explain the ground 
of nis pretensions. The object then of the present 
pabtkation is to afford the general reader a correct 
edition of Shakspeare, accompanied by an abridged 
commentary, in which all superfluous and refuted 
explanations and conjectures, and all the controvert 
■iee and scpiabbles of contending critics should be 
omitted; and such elucidations only of obsolete 
words and obscure phrases, and such critical illus- 
trations of the text as might be deemed most gene- 
rally asefid be retained. To effect this it has been 
necessary, for the sake of compression, to condense 
m some cases several pages m ''.xcursive discussion 
mto a few lines, ami often to blend together the in- 
formatioa conveyed in the notes of several com- 
mentators into one. When these explanations are 
mere transcripts or abridgments of tne labours of 
bis predecessors, and are unaccompanied by any 
obeervat]<m of his own, it will of course be under^ 
stood that the Editor intends to imply by silent 
'acquiescence that he has nothing better to pro- 
pose.' Fortune, however, seems to have been pro- 
pitious to his labours, for he flatters himself that he 
has been enabled in many instances to present tbe 
reader with more satisfactory explanations of difli- 
enlt passages, and with more exact definitions of 
obsolete words and phrases, than are to be found in 
tfaa notesto the vanormn editions. 

The causes which have operated to overwhelm 
Ike pages of Shaskpeare with superfluous notes are 
I but Steefeufi though eminently fitted for 

the task he undertook^was chiefly instrumental ra 
increasing; the eviL He has indeed been happily 
designatMl 'the Puck of commentators:' he &e« 
c^ently wrote notes, not with the view of illustra- 
ting the Poet, but for the purpose of misleading Ma- 
lone, and of enjojing the pleasure of turning ajrainst 
him that playful ridicule which he knew so weU how 
to direct. Steevens. like Malone, began his career 
as an Editor of Shaxspeare with scrupulous atten> 
tion to the old copies, but when he once came to 
entertain some jealousy of Malone's intrusion into 
his province, he all at once shifted his ground, and 
adopted maxims entirelyopposed to those which 
guided his rival editor. Upon a recent perusal (^a 
considerable portion of the correspondence between 
them, one letter seemed to display the circum- 
stances which led to the interruption of their inti- 
macy in so clear a light, and to explain the causes 
which have so unnecessarily swelled the comments 
on Shakspeare, that it has De«i thou^^t not unwor- 
thy of the reader's attention. The letter has no 

* Sir,— >I am at present so much harassed with 
private business that it is not in my power to afford 
you the long and regular answer which your letter 
deserves. Permit me, however, to desert order 
and propriety, replying to your last sentence first.— > 
I assure you that I oiuy erased the word friend be- 
cause, considering how much controversy was to 
follow, that distmction seemed to be out of its 

Elace, and appeared to carry with it somewhat of a 
urlesque air. Such was my single motive for the 
change, and I hope you wiU do me the honour to 
believe I had no other design in it. 

' As it is some time since my opinions have had 
the good fortune to coincide with yours in the least 
matter of consequence, I begin to think so indiffp- 
rently of my own judgment, that I am ready to givo 
it up without reluctance on the present occasion.^ 
Tou are at liberty to leave out whatever parts of 
my note you please. However we may privately 
disagree, there is no reason why we should mako 
sport for the world, for such is the only effect of 
public controversies ; neither should I have leisure 
at present to pursue such an undertaking. I only 
meant to do justice to myself; and as 1 had no 
opportunity ofreplying to your reiterated contradic- 
tions in their natural order, on account of your per* 
petual additions to them ; I thought myself under 
the necessity of observing, that I ought not to be 
suspected or beine impotently silent in regard to 
objections which I had never read till it was too late 
for any replication on my side to be made. You 
rely much on the authority of an editor ; but till I 
am conrinced that volunteers are to be treated with 
less indulgence than other soldiers. I shall still 
think I have some rifht at least to be disgusted 
especially aflcr I had been permitted to observe 
that truth, not victory, was the object of our criti 
cal warfare. 

* As for the note at the conclusion of The Puri- 
tan, since it gives so much offmce, (an offence as 
undesigned as unforeseen,) I vfll change a part of 
it, and subjoin reasona for my d i gwa n t both from you 


■id Mr. Tjrrwtitt. Too cannot foreiy suvpect me 
•f hannf wuhed to oonunence bottilities with either 
•f 700 ; but jou hare made a wmj singular com- 
MOBt on this remark indeed. Because I have said 
I eoold orertum some of both your arguments on 
other occasions with ease, jou are willing to infer 
that I meant all of them. Let me ask, for instance 
sake, what would become of his " undertakers,*^ 
kjc were I to advance all I could on that subject. 
I fhll not offend you by naming any particular posi- 
tioo of your own which could witn success be dis- 

Ked. I cannot, howeren help adding, that had I 
owed every sentence of your attempt to ascer- 
tain the order of the plays, with a contradictiim 
aedulous and unremitted as that with which you 
have pursued my Observations on Shakspeare's 
Will and his Sonnets, you at least would not have 
fbmd your undertaking a very comfortable one. I was 
tiMB an editor, and indidged yon with even a printed 
fiml copT of Tour work, wluco you enlarEod as long 
m you trnm^t fit«*-The arrivsi of people on bosi- 
Bsas prevents me from adding more than that I hope 
to be still indolced with the correctioo of my own 
Mtas oa the Yforkshire] T[raMdy]. I expect al- 
MOSt every one of them to be disputed, but asaure 
you that I will not add a single word by way of re- 
ply. I have not returned you so complete an an- 
swer as I wouU have done had I been at leisure. 
Tou hav^ however, the real sentiments of your 
■oat humble servant. G. Stexvers.* 

The temper in which this letter was written is 
obvious. Steevens was at the time assbting Ma- 
lone in preparinfl his Supplement to Shakspeare, 
and had previousTy made a liberal present to nim of 
Ihs valuable collection of old plays ; he afterwards 
eaUed himself ' a dowager editor,^and said he would 
Bover more trouble himself about Shakspeare. This 
is gathered from a memorandum by Malone, but 
SCMvens does in effect say in one of his letters ; 
adding^ ' Nor will such assistance as I ma^ be able 
to famish ever go towards any future gratuUouM pub- 
lication of the same author : ingratitude and imper- 
tinence from several booksellers have been my re- 
ward for conducting two laborious editions, both of 
which, except a few copies, are already sold.' 

In another letter, in reply to a remonstrance 
about the suspension of his visits to Malone, Stee- 
vens says : — ' I will confess to you without reserve 
the cause why I have not made even my business 
submit to my desire of seeing you. I readily allow 
that any distinct and subjoined reply to my remarks 
on your notes is fair ; out to change (in conse- 
ooence of private conversation) the note.s that drew 
nrom me those remarks, is to turn my own weapons 
•gainst me. Surely, therefore, it is unnecessary to 
let me continue building when you are previously 
determined to destroy my very foundations. As I 
observed to you yesterday, the result of this pro- 
ceeding would be, that such of my strictures as 
■ught be just on the first copies of your notes, must 
oAen prove no better than idle cavils, when applied 
to the second and amended editions of them. I 
know not that any editor has insisted on the very 
ostensive privileges which you have continued to 
elaim. In some parte of my I>issertetion on Peri- 
cles, I am almost reduced to combat with shadows. 
We had resolved (as I once imagined) to proceed 
without reserve on either side through the whole of 
that controversy, but finally you acouainted me with 
vour resolution (in right of editorsnip) to have the 
Uat word. However, for the fiiture, I beg I may 
be led to trouble you only with observations relative 
to notes which are JUnd ones. I had that advan- 
tage over my predecessors, and you have enjoyed 
the same over roe ; but I never yet possessed the 
means of obviating objections before they could be 
offectually made.' Itc. 

Here tnen is tne secret developed of the subse- 
qoont, unceasing, and unrelenting opposition with 
which Steevens opposed Malone's notes: their 
ooDtroversics served not 'to make sport for the 
world,' but to annoy the admirers of Shakspeare, 
by overloading his page with frivolous contention. 

Steevens had undoubtedlyy as he sayi of hiauelf ov 
another occasion— 

* Fallen in the plash bis wickedness had made ;> 
and in some instances ocmtested the force and pro* 
priety of his own remarks when applied by Malone 
to parallel passages ; or, as Malone observes : 
' They are very good remarks, so frir forth as they 
are his ; but wnen used by me are good for nothing ; 
and the disputed pasaagea become printers' blun-^ 
ders, or Hemingisms and Condelisms.' Hence his 
unremitted censure of the first folio copy, and sup*^ 
port of the readings of the second folio, which Ma« 
lone treats as of no authori^ ;— 4iis affected con- 
tempt for the Poems of Shakspeare, &c. 

Mr. Boswell has judiciously characterized Stee- 
vens : — ' With great diligence, an extensive ac- 
quaintance with early literature, and a remarkably 
retentive memory : he was besides, as Mr. Gifford 
has justly observed, *' a wit and a sdiolar." But 
his wit and the spn^tliness of Us style were too 
often employed to bewilder and mislead us. His 
consciousness of his own satirical powers made 
him much too fond of exercising them at the ex- 
pMise of truth and ^ostice. He was infectMl to a 
lamentable degree with the jealousy of aothorship : 
and while his approbation was readHy bestowed 
upon those whose competition he thou^ he had 
no reason to dread, he was fretftilly impatient of a 
brother near the throne: his clear mmerstanding 
would generally have enabled him to discover what 
was right ; but the spirit of contradiction eould at 
any time induce him to maintain what was wrong. 
It would be impossible, indeed, to explain how any 
one, possessed of his taste and discernment, could 
have Droi^;ht himself to advocate so many indefen- 
sible opinions, without entering into a lone and un- 
gracious history of the motives by which he was in- 

and accomplished genUeman and scholar. There 
seems to have been a want of grasp in his mind to 
niake proper use of the accumulated materials which 
his unwearied industry in his favourite pursuit had 
placed within his reach : his notes on Shakspeare 
are often tediously circumlocutory and ineffectual : 
neither does he seem to have been deficient in that 
jealousy of rivalship, or that pertinacious adherence 
to his own opinions, which have been attributed to 
his competitor. 

It is superfluous here to enlarge on this topic, 
for the merits and defects of Johnson, Steevens. and 
Malone, as commentetors on Shakspeare. and the 
characters of those who preceded them^ the reader 
will find sketched with a masterly pen m the Bio- 
graphical Preface of Dr. Symmons, which accom- 
panies this edition. The vindication of Shakspeare 
from idle calumny and ill founded critical animad- 
version, could not have been plared in better hands 
than in those of the vindicator of Milton ; and liis 
eloquent Essay must afford pleasure to every lover 
of our immortal Bard. It should be observed that 
the Editor, in his adoption of readings, differs in 
opinion on some points from his able coadjutor, with 
whom he has not the honour of a personal acquaint- 
ance. It is to be regretted that no part of tlie work 
was communicated to Dr. Symmons until nearly 
the whole of the Plavs were printied ; or the EditoV 
and the Public would doubtless have benefited by 
his animadversions and suggestions in its progre$s 
through the press. The reader will not tiiereforc 
be surprised at the preliminary censure of some 
readings which are still retained in the text. 

Dr. Johnson*s for fomed Preface— which has so 
long hung as a dead weight upon the reputation ot 
our great Poet, and which has been justly said to 
look like 'a laborioiis attempt to bury the charac- 
teristic merite of his author under a ioau 01 cum- 
brous phraseology, ano iO weign ois cj^ccneaciea 
and defccte in equal scates stuffed foil of swelling 
figures and sonorous epithets,'.— will, for obvious 
reasons, form no part oTthis publication. Hii bric« 

■stroll's PUEFAOV. 

W lTllU W M %t (Od of Mch pI>T Ibtb bMD »Um 

A ia conmliutce inth ccuiiw, bul ml withnui ai 
miBoiid anU of imeaL ~ na nuy nippoM ih* 

ik ihoM wioch ira praiitd Much to 
Far ba it froa a to nadtmli." — 
<f odr gTMt mmlkt : bolhk In 

cmBpaet,' Do Itm tban liii nfajtic*] ddacu pnvsiiT 
•d h^ froa riHiUni the taulifiil ud htnnoimou 

' HiM nlM id nrdu ■! cuiut Phemlw lariM ; 
Qvkd caciBii ThuBjniB picu ubaUa Juwt ^' 
It hu bsM tha Hudioai adnToar of iba Gdiiai 
toiToMthp— ■plBoeliciMiiimjltiQJTaflpctiom upon 
th* cmn of ba comnenuion, iitwn il hu b«^n 
tn food IbRnne lo dalsct them, wiiich hiTii been 
■UBiatiiuaa too cutioiuly Lodulnd in bj lihour^^r^ 
b llu ield of niUl eriUeuD. Indaed il would 111 

IB thor d^e«i, hi 

._r . .. . uclj of IhCHa r-..„, 
_ . . .J, hue dsaarrvd the gniitu de of 

tba *fa: (>r H ueliiad; <nnn| to the labour* of T^t- 
wUtt, WvtOB, Percy, Steenu^ E^mwr, tod tlii^u 
RKMHon, tut Uteatioa hai IwaB dmrn to ilic 
lU* of wealth which oar eirij lilenlure afforda ; 
Bd DO one iriD afleet to deiiT ihat ■ ncurrence >u 
il haa Dot bees aueadad withlHiiaficiil effeeli^ if u 
bai ant laiaad u in die moni acala of nalioiB,. 

Tlw piaa )iia«HJd ia the aelectiaa, abiidgnicnt, 
Bd onnrtiatiia of die Dotei of othen, precluded 
Iba tHcaa^r of affiim^ the noBMi of the commen- 
Wv* fron lAoiB tha inlhnnatioB ma boiroiveit ; 
ad, (oeqitiBf in a few ea*e* of contronrnal dis- 
tMon, and of wwae eritica] cliaerTalioDi, authori- 
a«( an aot firan. llw Tory curiou aDd Taluablc 
Bhwtfatioaa of Bhalnpear* M Mr. Douce bare been 
Ind BDder liei[aant coBtriinilion : the oUigation liss 
nt alwayi been eipraased : and h it thnvfbra hore 
■daawMfed with IhaaUubieae. 

It win ba aeea that iba Editor hai not Ibnigtjt, 
■ilh aoBa rf hii jredec ee eota. diat tba ton oT 
IhahipiMra waa 'lliod'io mj particular edition 
befood tha hope or probahili^ of tlituro aiaend- 
■ant.' Ha bu lather eoDcided with the omakin of 
Mr. Giffiwd, ■ dul thoaa would dawrra weD of ihe 
pabKe wbo ibodd brinf bad (oma readinn whi 
Btanen* diaeaide^ aad i^^aet othen windi be b 

The tait of ihe pieeent edjiioa ii fenned upoa 
Iboea of SteeTeaa and Milona, oceuiaoallj com 
pared with [ba tv\jr edilioni : and the ntiiliwtion 
arinng from a Rjectioo of moden 

m Iba Lecturea on the Drama, by 
Qannaa crilfa^ A. W. Schlighel, 
the nation ii daaply hidcbli^, for 
" ■hachMcuHiiti^eic.IlencinDf 
Lure, in an etoquent and philo*- 
ticism ; wbich, though it raajr 
ht a little linctured with inya* 
I dealt out to Shalupeare faia 
due meed of praiie^ and haa, no doubl, tended lo 
dinipate ibe preiudicea of aome Deiihbouring n>> 
tioDi who haie bBna too long wilTuSj Idind to hii 

Mr. Giflbrd, ai it appeal, once propoaed lo fa* 
TOUT the public with an editioo of Sbakipeare : bow 
admiiaUj that anallent critic woaU ha*a parfbrai- 
ad Iba taik Ibe world need not now be tofd. Tbt 
Editor, who baa bean frequently indebted to Iba 
reoiaiki on Ibe lanfmia of our (reat Poet whidi 
occur ia the nolaa to tha work* a Ben Jouion and 
Maeiinger, may be pemutled to aattdpale the pub- 
lie regret ibu Ibeee bumUe labouia were not p»- 
■ented br that more aUlfal band. Ab it ii^ he muat 
coDiola himaelfwiih hanna Daed bii beet endeannir 
to accorapliab the laak which be waa aiJiciied to 
undertake ; had Ida power equalled hii daiire In 
der it ueefii] and acceptable^ 11; 

au HpunvuB meiu, lueea jrom cdbibhki ona. 
Bin fold, to Diuchleea purilr reOn^, 
And Maiop^ wkh all Ihe fodheid In bit btod; 
He whom 1 feel, biu want ihe powtr to palm > 

jD*an«i,SaT.*ii. Jfr. GifinFa TVanateMa. 






WRKRKTXR any extraordinary display of hu- 
man intellect has been made, there wul human 
e^nosity, at one period or the other, be busy to ob- 
tain some personal acquauntance with the distin- 
guished mortal whom Hearen had been pleased to 
endow with a larger portion of its own ethereal 
edergy. If the favoured man walked on the hijgh 
pfaces of the world ; if he were conrersant with 
courts ; if he directed the morements of armies or 
or states, and thus held in his hand the fortunes and 
the lives of multitudes of his fellow-creatures, the 
interest, which he excites, will be immediate and 
strong : he stands on an eminence where he is the 
muk of many eyes ; and dark and unlettered in- 
deed must be the age in which the incidents of his 
eventful life will not be noted, and the record of 
them be preserved for the instruction or the enters 
tainment of unborn fenerations. But if his course 
were through the vale of life : if he were unmingled 
with the factions and the contests of the sreat : if 
the powers of his mind were devoted to me silent 
pursuits of literature— to the converse of philo- 
sophy and the Muse, the possessor of the ethereal 
treasure may excite little of the attention of his 
contemporaries ; may walk quietl;^, with a veil 
over his glories, to the frave j and, m other times, 
when the expansion of his mtellectual greatness 
has filled the eves of the world, it may be too late 
to inquire for nis history as a man. The bright 
track of his genius indelibly remains ; but the trace 
of his mortal footstep is soon obliterated for ever. 
Homer is now only a name— a solitary name, which 
assures us, that, at some unascertamed period in 
the annals of mankind, a mighty mind was indulged 
to a human being, and gave its wonderful produc- 
tions to the peipetual admiration of men. as they 
■prinff in succession in the path of time. Of Homer 
himself we actually know nothing ; and we see only 
an arm of immense power thrust forth from a mass 
of impenetrable darkness, and holding up the hero 
of his song to the applauses of never-dying fame. 
But it may be supposed that the revolution of, per- 
haps, thirty centuries has collected the cloud which 
thus withdraws the father of poesy from our sight, 
lattle more than two centuries has elapsed since 
William Shakspeare conversed with our tongue, 
and trod the selfiume soil with ourselves ; uid if it 
were not for the records kept by our Church in its 
registers of births, marriages, and burials, we 
ghould at this moment be as personally ignorant of 
the " sweet swan of Avon" as we are of the old 
minstrel and rhapsodist of Meles. That William 
Shakspeare was bom in Stratford upon Avon ; that 
be married and had three children ; that he wrote 
a eertain number of dramas ; that he died before 
he had attained to old age, and was buried in his 
sative town, are positively the only facts, in the 
personal history of^this extraordinary man, of which 
we are certainly possessed ; and, if we should be 
■oiicitous to fill op this bare and most unsatisfac- 

tory outline, we must have recourse to the vagu« 
reports of unsubstantial tradition, or to the stiU 
more shadowy inferences of lawless and vagabond 
conjecture. Of this remarkable ignorance of one 
of tne most richly endowed with mtellect of the 
human species, wno ran his mortal race in our own 
country, and who stands separated from us by no 
very great intervention of time^^e causes may not 
be difficult to be ascertained. William Shakspeare 
was an actor and a writer of plays ; in neither of 
which characters, however he might excel in them, 
could he be lifted high in the estimation of his con- 
temporaries. He was honoured, indeed, with the 
fiiendship of nobles, and the patronage of monarchs : 
his theatre was frequented by the wits of the me- 
tropolis : and he associated with the most intellec- 
tusi of his times. But the spirit of the age was 
against him ; and, in opposition to it, he could not 
become the subject of any general or comprehen- 
sive interest. The nation, in short, knew littie and 
cared less about him. During his life, and for some 
years after his death, inferior dramatists outran him 
m the race of popularity: and then the flood oi 
puritan fanaticism swept nun and the stage together 
mto temporary oblivion. On the restoration of the 
monarchy and the theatre, the school of France 
pervertea our taste, and it was not till the last cen- 
tury was somewhat advanced that William Shak- 
speare arose again, as it were, from the tomb, in all 
his proper majesty of light. He then became tho 
subject of sohcitous and learned inquiry : but in- 
quiry was then too late : and all that it could reco- 
ver, from the ravage of time, were only a few hu- 
man fragments, which could scarcely be united into 
a man. To these causes of our personal ignorance 
of the great bard of England, must be abided his 
own stranse indiflference to the celebrity of genius. 
When he had produced his admirable works, igno- 
rant or heedless of their value, he abandoned them 
with perfect indifference to oblivion or to fame. It 
surpassed his thought that he could grow into the 
admiration of the world ; and, without any refer- 
ence to the curiosity of future ages, in wliich he 
could not conceive himself to possess an interest, 
he was contented to die in the arms of obscurity, 
as an unlaurelled burgher of a provincial town. 
To this combination of causes are we to attribute 
the scantiness of our materials for the Life of 
WiUiam Shakspeare. His works are in myriads of 
hands: he constitutes the delight of myriads of 
readers : his renown is coextensive with the civi- 
lization of man; and, striding across the ocean 
from Europe^ it occupies the wide region of tran$- 
atiantic empire : but he is himself only a shadoH 
which disappoints our grasp; an undefined form 
which is rattier intimated tnan discovered to the 
keenest searehings of our eye. Of the little how- 
ever, questionable or certain, which can be told ol 
him, we must now proceed to make the best use in 
oar power, to write what by courtesy may be called 


iii lift : and we hare only toUmentthat the reBult 
of our uboor must greatly disappoint the curiosity 
which has heen ezdied hy the grandeur of his repu- 
taiioo. The slight narratiTe m Rowe, founded on 
the infbrmatioii obtained, in the beflinning of the 
hst centnryy ^^ inquiries of Betterton. the 
famous actor, mH necessarily siq>ply us witn the 
greater part of the materials with which we are to 

William SBJUESPBAmi^ or Shaxspkrk, (for 
the floating orthography of the name is pro^rly 
attached to the one or the other of these varieties,) 
was baptized in the church of Stratford upon Avon, 
as is ascertained by the parish register, on the 26th 
of April, 1564 ; ami he is said to have been bom on 
the ad of the same month, the day consecrated to 
the tntdar saint of Sngland. His parents, John 
and Mary Shakspeare, were not of equal ranks in 
the cominunity ; for the former was only a respect- 
able tradesman, whose ancestors cannot be traced 
into gentili^. v^iilst the latter belonged to an an- 
cient and opulent house in the county of Warwick, 
being the yoimcest daughter of Rooert Arden m* 
Wilmecote. l^e family of the Ardens (or Arder- 
aes, as it IS written in all the old deeds,) was of 
eoDsiderable antiouity and importance, some of 
them having served as high sherifis of their county, 
tad two of them (Sir John Arden and his nephew, 
the grandfather oif Mrs. Shakspeare,) having en- 
iojea eadi a station of honour in the personal esta- 
Uulunent of Hennr V1L The younger of these 
Ardens was made, oy his sovereign, keeper of the 
park of Aldercar, and bailiff of the lordship of Cod- 
Bors. He obtained, also, from the crown, a valu- 
abtogrant in the lease of the manor of Yozsal, b 
Stairordshire. consisting of more than 4,600 acres, 
at a rent of 4AL Mary Arden did not come dower- 
less to her plebeian husband, for she broucfat to him 
a small fireehold estate callM Asbies. mxm the sum 
of 9L ISSi 4d. in money. The freehold consisted of 
a boose and fifty-four acres of land ; and. as far as 
it appears, it was the first piece of landed property 
whicn was ever possessed by the Shakspeares. 
Of this marriage the ofispring was four sons and 
four daughters ; of whom Joan (or, according to 
the ortfaogranhv of that time| Jone,) and Margaret. 
the eldest ol the diildren died, one in iniancy ana 
oae at a somewhat more advanced ase : and GU- 
bert, whose birth immediately succeeaea to that of 
our Poet, is supposed by some not to have reached 
his maturity, and by others, to have attained to con- 
siderable lonsevity. Joan, the eldest of the four 
renuimng chudren. and named after her deceased 
sister, married WiUiam Hart, a hatter in her native 
town ^ and Edmund, the youngest of the family, 
adoptme the profession of an actor, resided in St. 
Savioors parish in London : and was buried in St. 
Saviour's Church, on the last day of December. 
1607, in lus twenty-eighth year. Of Arnie and 
Richaid, uriiose Inrtns mtervened between those of 
Joan and Edmund, the parish register teUs the 
wbde history, when it records that the former was 
buried cm the 4th of April, 1579, in the eighth year 
of her age, and the latter on the 4th of February, 
1612-lS, when he had neariy completed his thirty- 

In consequence of a document, discovered in the 
vear 1770, m the bouse in which, if tradition is to 
be trusted, our Poet was bom, some persons having 
ceoduded that John Shakspeare was a Roman 
Catholic, though he had risen, by the regular gra- 
dation of office, to the chief dignite of the corpora- 
tioB of Stratford, that of hifh bauiff ; and, during 
the whole of this period, had unqueitionably con- 
Ibrmed to the rites of the Church of England. The 
•SMrrted fact seemed not to be very prooable ; and 
tha document in question, which, drawn up in a 
testamentary form and regularly attested, zealously 
profeoes the Roman faith of him in whose name it 
■peaks, having been subjected to a rigid examina- 
tMi by Malone, has been pronounced to be spurious. 
11m trad* of John Shakspeare, as well as his reli- 

gious faith, has recently been made the subiect of 
controversy. According to the testimony of Rowe. 
grounded on the tradition of Stratford, the father ot 
our Poet was a dealer in wool, or, in the provincial 
vocabulary of his country, a wool-driver : and such 
he has been deemed by all the bioffrapnors of his 
son, till the fact was thrown into douot by the result 
of the inouisitiveness of Malone. Findine, in an 
old and oVscure MS. purporting to record the pro- 
ceedings of the bailSFs court in Stratford, our 
John Shakspeare designated as a glover, Malone 
exults over the ignorance of |)oor Kowe, and as- 
sumes no small degree of merit to himself as the 
discoverer of a long sought and a most important 
historic truth. If he had recollected the remaric of 
the clown in the TwelfUi Night, '^ that *'a sentence 
is but a cheverel glove to a cood wit. How quicklv 
the wrong side may be turned outwards l^ he woul<f, 
doubtless, have pressed the observation into his ser- 
vice, and brought it as an irresistible attestation of 
the veracity of his old MS. 

Whatever may have been the trade of John 
Shakspeare, whether that of wool-merchant or of 
glover, it seems, with the littie fortune of his wife, 
to have placed him in a state of easy competence. 
In 1569 or 1570, in conseouence partly of nis alli- 
ance with the Ardens, and parUy of his attainment 
of the prime municipal honours of his town, he 
obtained a concession of arms from the herald's 
office, a grant, which placed him and his family on 
the fin (^ the gentry of England : and, in 1574, he 
purchased two houses, with gardens and orchards 
annexed to them, m Henley Street, in Stratford. 
But before the year 1578, his prosperity, from 
causes not now ascertainable had certainly de- 
clined : for in that year, as we mid from the records 
of his Dorough, he was excused, in conJesceniion 
to his poverty, from the moiety of a vvy nicxlerate 
assessment or six shillings and eigK pence, made 
by the members of the corporation on themselves : 
at the same time that he was atto^ether exempted 
from his contribution to the relief of the poor. 
During the remaining years of his life, his fortunes 
appear not to have recovered themselves ; for he 
ceased to attend the meetings of the corporation 
hall, where he had once presided ; and, in 1586, 
another person was substituted as alderman in his 
place^ in consequence of his magisterial inefficiency. 
He died in the September of 1601, when his illus- 
trious son had already attained to bi^h celebrity ; 
and his wife, Mary l»iaksneare, surviving him tor 
seven years, deceased in the September of 1606, 
the burial of the former being registered on the 
eighth and that of the latter on the ninth of this 
month, in each of these respective years. 

On the 30th of June, 15d4, when our Poet had 
not yet been three monUis in this breathing world, 
his native Stratford was visited by the plague ; and, 
during the six succeeding months, the ravaging dis- 
ease IS calculated to have swept to the grave more 
than a seventh part of the whole population of the 
place. But the favoured infant reposed in security 
m his cradle^ and breathed health amid an atmos- 
phere of pestilence. The Genius of England may 
be supposed to have held the arm of the destroyer, 
and not to have permitted it to fall on the conse- 
crated dwelling ot his and Nature's darlmg. The 
disease, indeed, did not overstep his charmed thres- 
hold ; ror the name of Shakspeare is not to be found 
in the register of deaths throughout that period of 
accelerated mortality. That he survived this deso- 
lating calamity of his townsmen, is all that we know 
of William Shakspeare from tiie day of hb birth 
till he was sent, as we are informed by Rowe, to tlie 
free-school of Stratford ; and was stationed there 
in the course of hu education, till, in consequence 
of the straitened circumstances of his father, ha 
was recalled to the paternal roof. As we are not 
told at what age he was sent to school, wo cauiot 
form any estimate of the time during which he re- 
mained there But if he was placed under his 



muter wben he wai nx yean old, he might hare 
continued in a state of instruction forsoTen or even 
ibr ei^t years ; a term sufliciently lon^ for any 
ooy, not an absolute blockhead, to aoauire some- 
thmf more than the mere elements of the classical 
]anyiag<*»T We are too ignorant, however, of dates 
in Uiese instances to speak with any confidence on 
the subject ; and we can only assert that seven or 
eight of the fourteen years^ which intervened be- 
tween tiie birth of our Foet in 1564 and the known 
period of his faUier's diminished fortune in 1578, 
might very properly have been given to the advan- 
tages of the free-school. But now the important 
question is to be asked — What were the attainments 
of our young Shakspeare at this seat of youthfbl 
instruction? Did he return to his father's nouse in 
a state of utter iterance of dassic literature 7 or 
was he as far advanced in his school-studies as 
boys of his age (which I take to be thirteen or four- 
teen) usually are in the common progress of our 
puUie and more reputable schools 7 That his scho- 
lastic attainments did not rise to the point of learn- 
ing, seems to have been the general opinion of his 
oontemporaries ; and to thu opinion I am willing 
to assent. But I cannot persuade myself that ho 
was entirely unacquainted! with the classic tongues ; 
or that, as Farmer and his followers labour to con- 
vince us, he could receive the instructions, even for 
three or four years, of a school of any character, 
and could then depart without any knowledge be- 
yond that of the Latin accidence. Tlie most ac- 
comj^ished scholar may read with pleasure the 
poetic versions of the classic poets ; and the less 
advanced proficient may consult bis indolence by 
anplj^ing to the page of a translation of a prose 
cuuMic, when accuracy of quotation may not be 
required : and on evidences of this natdre is sup- 
ported the charge which has been brought, and 
which is now generally admitted, against our im- 
iQortal bard, oT more Uian school-boy ignorance. 
He might, indeed, from necessity apply to North 
for the interpretation of Plutarch : out he read 
Goldii^'s Ovid only, as I am satisfied, for the en- 
tertainment of its English poetry. Ben Jonson, 
who must have been intimately conversant with his 
friend's classic acquisitions, tells us expressly that, 
"He had small Latin and less Greek." But, 
according to the usual plan of instruction in our 
sdiools, he must have traversed a considerable ex- 
tant of the language of Rome, before he could 
touch even the confines of that of Greece. He 
must in short have read Ovid's Metamorphoses, 
and Impart at least of Virgil, before he could open 
the grammar of the more ancient, and copious, and 
complex dialect. This I conceive to be a fair state- 
ment of the case in the question respecting Shak- 
speare's leamine. Beyond controversy he was not 
a scholar j but be had not profited so little by the 
hours, which he had passed in school, as not to be 
able to understand the more easy Roman authors 
widioot the assbtance of a translation. If he him- 
self had been asked, on the subject, he might have 
parodied lus own Falstaff and have answered, *< In- 
deed I am not a Scaliger or a Budaeus, but yet no 
blodchead, friend." I believe also that he was not 
whoDy unacquainted with the popular languages of 
FVuice and Italy. He had abundant leisure to ac- 
quire them ; and the activity and the curiosity of 
nis mind were sufficiently strong to urge him to 
dieir acquisition. But to discuss this much agita- 
ted question would lead me beyond the limits wmch 
are prescribed to me ; and^ contenting myself with 
declaring that, in my opmioiK both puiies are 
wrong, both they who contend for our Poet's learn- 
ing, and they who pl&ce his illiteracy on a level 
with that or John Taylor, the celebrated water- 
poet, I must resume my humble and most deficient 
narrative. The classical studies of William Shak- 
speare, whatever progress he roav or may not have 
BBBde in them, were how sospenaed ; and he was 
replaced in his father's house, when he had attained 
his thirteenth or fourteenth year, to assist with his 
hud in the mamtenance nf the family. Whether 

he contmued in tlus litimtimi wUhit he remaisednt 
his single state^ has not been told to us, and cannot 
therefore at this period be known. But in the ab« 
sence of information, conjectore will be btisy : and 
will soon cover the bare desert with unprootabla 
vegetation. Whilst Malone surmises that the young 
Poet passed the interval, till his marriage, or a 
large portion of it, in the office of an attorney, 
Aubrey stations him during the same term at the 
head of a country school. But the surmises of 
Malone are not universally happy; and to the 
asrertions of Aubrey* I am not disposed to attach 
more credit than was attached to them by Anthony 
Wood, who knew the old goesip and was compe- 
tent to appreciate his character. It is more prooa* 
ble that the necessity, which brought young Shak- 
speare from his school, retained him with his 
mUier's occupation at home, til^the acquisition of a 
wife made it convenient for him to remove to % 
separate habitation. It is reasonable to conclado 
that a mind like his^ ardent, excursive, and '' all 
compact of imajgmation," would not be satisfied 
with emiro inactivity ; but would obtain knowledge 
where it could, if not from the stores of the an- 
cients, from those at least vrhich were supplied to 
him by the writers of his own country. 

In i58S, before he had completed nis eighteenth 
year, he married Anne Hathaway, the danghter, as 
Howe informs us, of a substantial yeoman in the 
neighbourhood of Stratford. We are unacquainted 
with the precise period of their marriage, utd with 
the church in which it was solemnizedl fi>r in the 
register of Stratford there is no record of the event ; 
and we are made certain of the year, in which it 
occurred, only by the baptism of Susanna, the first 
produce of tne union, on tlie 26th of May. 1583. 
As young Shakspeare neither increased his fortuiM 
by this mateh, though he probably received soma 
money with his wife, nor raised himself by it in the 
community, we may conclude that be was induced 
to it by inclination, and the impulse of love. But 
the youthful poet's dream of nappiness does not 
seem to have been realized by tne result. The 
bride was eight years older than the bridegroom ; 
and whatever charms she might possess to fascinate 
the eyes of her boy-lover, she probably was defi- 
cient m those powers which are requisite to impose 
a durable fetter on the heart, and to hold '' in sweet 
captivity " a mind of the very hichest order. No 
chsrge is intimated agunst the lat^ : but she is left 
in Stratford by her husband during his long resi 
dence in the metropolis ; and on his death, siie is 
found to be only sligntlv, and, as it were, casually 
remembered in his will. Her second pregnancy^ 
which was productive of twins, (Hamnet and Ju- 
dith, baptizcKd on the Sd of February, 1564-^,) ter- 
minated her pride as a mother ; and we know no- 
thing more respecting her than that, surviving her 
illustrious consort by rather more than seven years, 
she was buried on the 8th of August, 162S, hcing, 
as we are told by the inscription on her tomb, of 
the age of sixty^seven. Respecting the habits of 
life, or the occupation of our young Poet by which 
he obtained his subsistence, or even the place of hia 
residence, subsequently to his marriage, not a float- 
ing syllable has been waf)ed to us by tradition for 
the eratification of our curiosity ; and the history 
of tms creat man is a perfect blank till the occur- 
rence of an event, which drove him from his nativo 
town, and gave hia wonderful intellect to break out 
in its full lustre on the world. From the frequent 
allusioos in his writings to the elegant sport of fal- 
conry, it has been suggested that this, possibly, 
nii^t be one of his finvourite amusements : and no- 
thing can bn more probable, from the active season 

* What credit can be due to this Mr. Aubrey, who 
picked up infomuition on tbe highway and scatiered it 
every where as auihem ic ? who whipped Milton at Cam- 
bridge in vioIaik>n of the unlTcnlty statutes ; and who. 
making our young Shakupracn a bntcher*s buy, could 
embrite his hands ht the blood of calren, aiid represent 
him as exuhing In poetry over the convulskos of iha 
dyhig animals ' 


if ki Bfei lad ha lim^ hibiuiian in Ihe coaolrr, I Tint oflipring. The world wu ipnad bcTors Kin. 
Ika hi* itnu tnd ■■^vr pasiion for all the ple^- I IlIh & diirit ocflin, in wbieh no fbrlunila Lila could 
(■vaof Am fisliL Ai > S[An«nui, in hia ruik nf !« Kea lo gUtisr unjd ths gloomj and iuIIeii tida. 
Gfe, b* wooU HlnrallT bocona • poacher ; ainl | Hul hs iraa bleued with Toulh and hiallh ; hi* 
tbca it ia UfUrprobabie lh(t ha would Ml into l]„ ronacitnce waa unwounded, Ibr (ba adTcnturcfin 

■MNU an the frowida oT Bir Thomaa Lucj of Chail; - 
cou, IB Ihs iBBwfitt* ncioii; of StruTord, lor Ih<^ 
pvqMM, aa h ii aud, at itaaling; hia dear, our 
ynmt btid waa datactad ; tod, hinu lanher irn- 
atadthe knifhlbj affiiiiiga aaliricBl ballad on bim 
U lb* niai «r Char1«o*a, be wu conpallcd U> Sy 
bafera tba aomilj of hia powarfiii advenaij, and to 
nak u anlun in (be capital. Malime,* who li 
pnse to doubt, wiabaa lo quaalian Ihe Inlh of thli 
wbota BBrratin, Md lo aaeribe the ffighl of yoDng 
nhrti|iaiiii G>«u hia native country to tho embnr- 
namaiit of hia cimMaataneai, and tho pi 
tt Ua ereditora. But ih« atorj of ihe d 
jB* reata upon tha onifbrm tradilion of 
IM i* coalnned by the characlBr of Sir 
■bo i* hDVwn lo have b«n a rifid [treiei 
nM, by Iba atimilT diaplajad afjainal h: 
bi Suupaara in hi* auecending life : 

Eof tb« offeotin baUadt itnlr, preii 
Jonea of Taibiek, a villaje near to 
■bo obtained il from those who muar 
--viuanlad with the &cc, and whi 
liaasd by any iolareat or paiaion I< 

. , Wlxiy'i fi^k, of 01. „.__ 

i^oilt than The robbing of ao orchardj and hiamir 
■ich beyond eiample in the gold of heaven, eoi 
ihrow luitre aver the bitch waaie l>efare biro, a 
f-QUld people it with abeaiilifiilcreiktiaDDrberDv 
We may imagine him, then, departing &om ] 
bome, not indeed liiia (he great Ronjao captive 
lie ii deacribed by the poet — 

indulged in i 

became the aaaocia 

Ibe fkiouHle of moc 

■till left hira not in ■ight of old age, 

bia turlh-place in affluence, with he 

daapair; and j 

_ , and with hope vitnur- 
It waa impoHHible that he anould 

yean, the ciile of Stralford 

□f wila, the frieuj of noUea, 


■ iiage : to 1 
...SiraLlird ■ 

in Ibe I 

t the former might be ii 

^tropolia waa tho 
IUI.-U luaaiunu, u ik •(ipean, wtl caay. 

■u fond of theatrical repreeenlalioiii, 
II II ei:t:omDiQdated with iti town or guildhall : 
had frequently been iriaited by companiea of 

eaaJd m lonnr infeit hii parlu or hia wi 
latter woold putaue hia debtor wberei 
aooU find and writi could attach him 

3y Iheir pertbr 

heir diadnguiihed u 
•idered by iotna nrilci. a> a 
Ihor'a; and though he, jwiiih^. ._^ 
confounded by them with another Than 

aceoont, therafbie, Ibeliere the tr«di(ion, records 

by Kowe, Ibaloiir Poet retired from Slratlord beC,. 

^e«™ru«i power of Sir T Lucy, and foun.l . TtlZTerl who'™' ^"'.^^on'awT "nn^3 

.Ag-u. London, nolpoaiiblv beyond the re«eh,.f|,iih ,h, ^hakipaarc., he wai certaSnIy a fellow 

Sli^-^L^il" f""''™™ ^^"" t"™™" of ouVfuaill« bard'i ; wbil.t Henungo 

' "" '"**■■ ^pd Burhage, two oftha leadrra of the c< 

childhood and hie youth ; trt 


ptrhapi, Ihal, on all Iha chief wplca .. 

•ehDuIior phlloHphj, lb* ireamfad of Cken (altered 
bi irrat*. nur rommemaior and ciMc wbhrd, poailblT, 
HI eubllih hia claim to a Buparhwlty of IntellMi h* ibe 
KmeicHlimlewtthhnUhigof aaaanL He ou^tii, hnw- 
■rer, to faaie been aware thai icqxldim, which k 
"h mtafonuna of wlaa nan, la feueially i)ii< 

chued (he 1 

ciire of Black&^an. (ihe old»i 


re in London,) Hbich they had' prerioualy r 


for iome v 

an ; and al thene two theatrei, Iha 

Gral of wh'i 

n>, and Ihe laal covered Inr tho 

■e of 

acted all tho dramatic productii 


That be wa> at lirat received m 


y bo 

merely aa probable, but a> ce 


that ha e>er cameil a link to light Iba irequ 
of the theatre, or eier held thdr horaea, n 

it ha 

rejected u 




o obtain a 

contravt in the homiUtr of hia 6 

and ierrite 

occupation, tbuB aaiignedlo him 

I hair 

pmant aflticted itate : aiidlusrel^ioiiiBndea 


tiom, though far from wealthy, were yet too remote 
frmn abaolute porerty, to permit him to act for a mo- 
ment in lucha degrading situation. He was certainly, 
therefore, immediately admitted within the theatre ; 
but in what rank or character cannot now be known. 
This fact, however, soon became of Terr little con- 
■equence ; for he in>eedily raised himself into con- 
sideration among has new fellows by the exertions 
of his pea, if not by his proficiency as an actor. 
When he began his career as a dramatic writer ; 
or to what degree of excellence he attained in his 
personation of dramatic characters, are Questions 
nHiich have been (recently agitated without anv 
satisfactory result. By two publications, which 
appeared toward the end of 1592, we know, or at 
least we are induced strongly to infer, that at that 
period^ either as the corrector of old or as the writer 
of origmal dramas, he had sup plied the stage with a 
copiousness of materials. We learn also upom the 
■ame documents that, in his profession of actor^ he 
trod the boards not without tho acquisition of ap- 
plause. The two publications, to which I allude, 
are Robert Grrene^s '* Groatsworth of Wit bought 
with a Million of Repentance,'* and Henry Chet- 
tle's " Kind Hart's Dream.^ In the former of 
these works, which was published by Chettle sub- 
sequently to the unhappy author's decease, the 
writer, addressing his fellow dramatists, Marlowe. 
Peele, and Lodge, sajrs. " Yes ! trust them not,'' 
(the managers of the tneatre ;) "for there is an 
upstart crow, beautified with our feathers, that, 
with his tiger's heart wrapped in a player's hide, 
supposes he is as well able to bombast out a blank 
verse as the best of you : and, being an absolute 
Johannes Factotum, is in nis own conceit the only 
Bhake-scene in a country." As it could not be 
doubtful against whom this attack was directed, we 
cannot wonder that Shakspeare should be hurt by 
It : or that he should expostulate on the occasion 
rather warmly with Chettle as the editor of the of- 
fensive matter. In consequence, as it is probable, 
of this expression of resontracnt on the part of 
Shakspeare, a pamph'ct from the pen of Chettle 
called " Kiud Hart's Dicam " issuoa from the press 
before the close of the siuneyear (1592,) which had 
witnessed the publication of Greene's posthumous 
work. In this pamphlet. Chettle acknowledges his 
concern for havmg edited any thing which had given 
pain to Shakspeare, of whose character andaccom- 

Slishments he avows a very favourable opinion, 
larlowc, as well as Shakspeare^ appears to have 
been offended by some passages m this production 
of poor Greene's : and to both of these ^eat drama- 
tic poets Cbctllo refers in the short citation which 
we shall now make from his page : '' With neither 
of them that take offence was I acquainted, and with 
one of them " (concluded to be Marlowe, whose 
moral character was unhappily not good) " I care 
not if I never be. The other,*' (who must neces- 
sarily be Shakspeare,) '' whom at that time I did 
not so much spare as since I wish I had ; for that, 
as I huve moderated the hate of living authors, ana 
mi^t have used my own discretion. (especiaUy in 
such a case, the author bein^ dead,) that I did not 
I am as sorry as if the origmal fault had been my 
fault : because myself have seen his demeanor no 
less civil than he is excellent in the Quality he pro- 
fesses. Besides divers of worship nave reported 
his uprightness of dealing, which argues his honesty ; 
and nis facetious grace in writing, that approves 
his art." Shakspeare was now twenty-eight years 
of age ; and this testimony of a contemporary, who 
was acquainted with him, and was himself an actor, 
in favour of his moral and his profossional excel- 
lence, must be admitted as of considerable value. 
It IS evident that he had now written for the sta^e \ 
and before he entered upon dramatic composition, 
we are certain that he had completed, though he 
bad not published his two long and laboured poems 
of Venus and Adonis, and theKape ofLucrece. We 
canaoL therefore, date his arrival in the capital 
>ater than 1588, or, perhaps, than 1687 ; and th« 
fiiur or fiva yoara which intarpoaed between bis 

departure from Stratford and his bocoming the ob- 
iect of Greene's malignant attack, constituted a 
busy and an important period of his iif^, WilhiA 
this term he had conciliated the friendship of the 
young Tlimnas Wriothesly. the liberal, tne hifb 
soule«i, the romantic Earl of Southampton: a 
friendship which adhered to him throughout his lifo ; 
and he had risen to that celebrity, as a poet and a 
dramatist, which placed him with the first wits of the 
age, and subsequently lifled him to the notice and 
the favour of Euzabetb and James, as they succea* 
sively sate upon the throne of England. 

At the point of time which our narrative has now 
reached* we cannot accurately determine what 
dramatic pieces had been composed by him : but 
we are assured that they were of sufficient excel- 
lence to excite the envy and the consequent hosti- 
lity of those who, before his rising, had been tho 
luminaries of the stage. It would be gratifying to 
curiosity if the feat were possible, to adjust with 
any precision the order m which his wonderiial 
productions issued from his brain. But tibe at- 
tempt has more than once been made, and never 
yet with entire success. We know only that his 
connection with tho stage continued for about twen- 
ty years, (though the duration even of this term 
cannot be settled with precision,) and that, within 
this period he composed either partially, as work- 
ing on the ground of others, or educing them alto- 
gether from his own fertility, thirty-five or (if that 
wretched thing, Pericles, in consequence ot Dry- 
den's testimony in favour of its authenticity, and 
of a few touches of the ooldeit pen being disco- 
verable in its last scenes, must be added to the 
number) thirty-six dramas ; and that of these it is 
probable that such as were founded on the works 
of preceding authors were the first essays of his 
dramatic talent ; and such as were more perfectly 
his own, and are of tho first sparkle of excellence^ 
were among the lasL While t should not hesitate, 
therefore, to station << Pericles," the three parts ot 
"Henry VI.," (for I cannot see any reason for 
throwing the first of these parts from the protection 
of our author's name,) "Love's Labour Lost," 
" The Comedy of Errors," " The Taming of 'he 
Shrew," " King John," and " Ricliard II.," among 
his earliest productions, I should, with equal confi- 
dence, arrange " Macbeth," " Lear," " Othello," 
"Twelfth Nifht," and "The Tempest," with his 
latest, assignmg them to that season of his life, 
when his mmd exulted in the conscious plenitude 
of power. Whatever might be the order of succes- 
sion in which this illustrious family of genius sprang 
into existence, they soon attracted notice, and 
speedily compelled the homage of respect from 
tnose who were the most eminent for their learn- 
ing, their talents, or their rank. Jonson, Selden, 
Beaumont, Fletcher, and Donne, were the associ- 
ates and the intimates of our Poet : the Earl of 
Southampton was his especial friend : the Earls 
of Pembroke and of Montgomery were avowedly 
his admirers and patrons : Queen Elizabeth dis- 
tinguished him with her favour ; and her successor, 
James, with his own hand, honoured the great dra- 
matist with a letter of thanks for the compliment 
paid in Macbeth to the roval familv of the Stuarts.*^ 

The circumstance which first Woueht the two 
lords of the stage^ Shakspeare and Jonson. into 
that embrace of fnendship which continued indis- 
soluble, as there is reason to believe, during the 
permission of mortality, is reported to have been 
the kind assistance given by the former to the lat- 
ter, when he was onering one of his plays (livery 
Man in his Humour) for the benefit of representa- 
tion. The manuscript, as it is said, was on the 
point of being rejected and returned with a rude 
answer, when Shakspeare, fortunately glancing 
his eye over its pages, immediately discovered its 

* The existence of this royal Irtter or thanks Is as. 
serted on the authority of Sheffield Duke of Buckiag . 
ham, who saw it in tne po<M!«sfon of Davenanu The 
cause of ihs thanks Is assigned on the bkmi probanla 


■mil , ud, iritk hii iilhwBca, obtuaad iu uitn> 
diKiioa m the lUfa. To tlui ttorj khim ipecioiir 
ol^aetiMU lure hcim niied ; ud Ihire cuimt li. 
mai McuritT fer eoatendiiif r« il, u ■» luckv &r 
odoit tta 6e ta pai ti la lecouiii for ttas indue - 
nealofuiilf bctwHDIwoineDDrhighgeDiiii, ev : 
tna£iif iba lUDe braul ptth to funo and furtuni ' 

CMUirilh « elunclar n peculiBrlj hii omi, 
iMRMflit AOftuihii object without wotmding (ill 
prid* or tnoadiDg As intcreiti oT ths other. It hu< 
DMB gMwnllj MSsTnl th»t (he intelleclual gupen- 
orilf of 8fa>]up«arB cidlcd the enry ud the ««> 
aaqoHit umitj of Jomoa. Il u irell thit of thcbi 
Hwrtad &cti no nideiicai cm ba ulducad. Tl.. 

«• oT lampar and tcntlaiHiH oT munerB, 
rapreiKd trtrj faaBiig of hoatitit)'. Be- 
Sh*k*paara ud Unmu Wriothealy, thrt 
:eiu and tha aotilc Eail of SoulhamplDn, di s- 
tioniabcd in hulorj bj hia inviolable allachraeni 
lolhe raih and tha tmforluntle Ehbi, tha friendih ip 

ia iSj, whea Shikipeare vii twentj-ninayear.'! 
oTaff, HDuihunpton wai not more than nincteeu - 
and, with Iha Ion of general ILlcralure, he las 
particulaiiy attached to the eihilnlioni of the thea- 

br the poel'a dedication to him of the "Tenufuiil 
Adonii," that •■ fini heir." u the dedicator calli ii. 

hit daalh, Jooasn lude an offering to hi* m , 

ef higl^jlll^ >Ad appnpriate panegjric Heplact^ 
bin abn* dM only Iba modem but tha Greek dra- 
Mtiatij md ha prn f aa a ea for him admiration ■hon 
(olf oTidolaln. Tbay wfao can diir 
■ottMUDMi ecpniie in tha mrriiinc 
flitad tiith ■ laiT BKufiar niion ot 
ua dowan, which ha atrawad upon the grave uf 
Ui friend, there certainij wai not blended oni.- 
punnou* or bitter lei£ W, therefore, he irai, u 
he il reprevenled to hare been bj an impartial ati^ 
•Ue judge, (Driunmond ofBaHthomiion,) " ■ grea 

•eomer of othen ; jealoiu of everj word and at 
lien of thoaa about him,^* Jec Ac, how can h'l 

I eupwiii!!, 

r, hb ftiet!; 

would aoon naluri 

la the fcllowine year (ISM) Shatiueue's 
poam, « The Rape of Lucrece," wa. uldre. 
him lo hia nofala patron - - ■ 
timidity ; and we m" <i 
had ihen obtained a 

" i> addrencd It 

had Ihen obtained a portion of the favour which he 
•Dilfht. Thai hi* fortune, were easealially p,:- 
noted by tha munificenl patronage of Souihamplon 

Davanant^ whc 

iwing ihe fiiei, 


Jecled l,v 

Lvagant eiaggtration ; and bu- 

abling the poet lo coioplele a pur- 
had then ui contemplation 1 and 
1 of an adeijuata manuimJc 
.ecomplithed by him, the cn- 
ilory with eonlempl; and ii 

means of knowing _._ .„__ 
OH lime to hii favoured di 
preaenl ofa thouund poundi. Thii 

dm] pounde for The n 

niriit be within the Tiew of Shakipcere, aj 
tndly r- -■- -'■—-'- - ■ ■■ ^ '' 

4 be eflccl 
.roperty; "where il 

reported 1i> hare 

, hive la 1 
■a proaeol day, by a 

fiom ibeiiBgo. .., „ .... J „, „,„ j,j, 

in egsMqnaoee of ila valua, hive wa not witncani 
• ^ ttaA» in tba proaeol day, by a nobis oT lUi 

tince the afleclive value oT (lua proud bounty of 
the great Earl of Southampton'!* to one of the 

Of the degree of patronage and liindncai extend* 
ed to Shakipeira by Iho Earia of Pembroke and 
Monlgomery, we are altogether ignorant ; but wa 

Hemmga and Condell, that Ihey had diilinguiihed 
themiplvei ai hi* admirera and friendi. Tliat ho 
numbered many more of the nobility of hie day 
among the homagen of hii truscendcnt geniiia, 
we may coniidar ai a ipeciotu probability. But 

gratify ounelvee wilh the reporla of tradition, ap- 
proaching very nearly lo certaindaa. EliiabetL ai 

matiit with hrreipccial notice and regard. She 
waa unqueBIianably fond of thealric exhibitioni; 

eve, it ia impoaaible that ihe ahouid overlook ; and 
(hat, not overlooking, she ahould not appreciate tha 
man, whoae geniua formed the prime glory of hei 
reign. It il affirmod thai, dilighled with the cha- 
racter of Falitair aa drawn in (he (wo paria bf Heniy 
IV,, ahe eiuroaied a wish (o aee the groai and dia- 

thc reault of our Poet'a compliance, with 'the deaire 
of hia royal miatiess, was "The Merry Wivee m 
Windaor."! Favoured, however, aa our Poet 
aeemi to have been by Eliiabett, and notwilb- 

vanity. It doea not appear that he profiled in any 
degree bj' her bounty. She could iliiliiiguiah and 
could iDule upon geniua : bul unleaa il were ioima- 
diately lerviceable to her penonal or her political 

ever inferior to her in tha aria of jovcmmenl and 
in aoma of the great cha/actera oTmind mij?ht bg 
her Scotliah aitccesaor, he resembled her In hia loro 
of lelten, and in hia own cultivation of learning. 

■nd his love of the drams and the theatre waiHr' 
(Icularly warm. Before hia acceaiion to (he Ebi- 
liah throne he had wrillen, aa we have before no 
ticed, a latter, wilh hia own hand, (o Shakapeare, 

(he friend of Shakspeare, Thonui 

reepcc ui f"'^^, » ™'^|^, 

-T, HTJ : 

»' EUia 

cunAiied during hu 

_. ent aa o> be eanaAeli 

of (he frienda : (hat, jnunnlla(el7 

he nalrnn and 
imI>, Eatl of 

ly of my WogrspMul 

t Earl of E 

life by that Queen, who was 

with the blood of one of (he t 

unherdea(h, he waa tlberated liy 

mnher : that he was promoted (o holHnin ^ the new 
Hviraign; andlhal, BnaJly, helnf aen( with a mWiari 
conunanil lo the Low Cooniilaa, ha caufkl ■ fever IVna 



1, LoidWikKhnlyi i 

daya, concluded id 

le IM of Nov 


aaauuiKa oi int croan. 
t The late Duke ol' Northuuberland made a pruan 

1 Anlmsied a* this comedy Is wlih much dlHlnci ile 

unworthy of lia great amlinr. Bu) h cvincts (he dlffl 
ruliyof wThlng upon • prracifbed aulijKt, and nTwsrk 
ing wkh aflect under (he ohkcoI uf anuher mini. Aa 
; he apimed hi (be icenaa of Henry IV., FaMalT waa In- 
snacapiJblcorhiva: ami ihsagngimia dope urWimbor, 
cluckeil and cndrclleil aa ha was, cannot he the wh A 
Eajicheap, or iha niea nf Shallow, or tlia mllHarr 
commaiiJeronihallehlorShrewabiiry. Bui eveniba 



•cknowleJgingy as it is supposed, the compliment 
paid to him in the iu>ble scenes of Macbeth ; and 
scarcely had the crown of England fallen upon his 
head, when he granted his royal patent to our Poet 
andhis company of the Globe : and thus raised 
them from being the Lord Chamberlain's scnrants 
to be tile senrants of the King. The patent is dated 
on the 19th of May, 160S. and the name of William 
Shakspeare stands second on the list of the patentees. 
As the demise of Elizabeth had occurred on the 
24th of the preceding March, this early attention of 
James to the company of the Globe maybe regard- 
ed as highly complimentary to Shakspearc's thea- 
tre, and as strongly demonstrative of the new sov- 
ereign's parUality for the drama. But James' 
patronage of our Poet was not in any other way 
beneficial to hb fortunes. If Elizabeth were too 
parsimonious for an elective patron, by his profu- 
sion on his pleasures and his favourites, James soon 
became too needy to possess the means of bounty 
for the reward of talents and of learning. Honour, 
m short, was all that Shakspeare gained by the fa- 
vour of two successive sovereigns, each of them 
versed in literature, each of them fond of the dra- 
ma, and each of them capable of appreciating the 
transcendency of his genius. 

It would bo especially (^tifying to us to exhibit 
to our readers some portion at least of the per- 
sonal history of this illustrious man durine his long 
residence in the camtal ; — to announce the names 
and characters of bis associates, a few of which 
only we can obtain from Fuller ; to delineate his 
habits of life ; to record his convivial wit ; to com- 
memorate the books which he read: and to number 
his compositions as they droppea in succession 
from his pen. But no power of this nature is in- 
dulged to us. All that active and efficient portion 
of his mortal existence, which constituted conside- 
rably more than a third part of it, is an unknown 
region, not to be penetrated by our most zealous 
and intelligent researches. It may be regarded by 
us as a kmd of central Africa, which our reason 
assures us to be glowing with fertility and alive with 
population ; but which is abandoned in our maps, 
from the ignorance of our geographers, to the death 
of barrenness, and the silence of sandy desolation. 
By the Stratford register we can ascertain that his 
only son, Hamnet, was buried, in the twelflh year 
of his age, on the 11th of August, 1596 ; and that, 
aher an interval of nearly eleven years, his eldest 
daughter, Susanna, was married to John Hall, 
a physician, on the 6th of June, 1607. With the ex- 
ception of two or three purchases made by him at 
StraUioHrd, one of them being that of New Place, 
which he repaired and ornamented for his future re* 
sidence, the two entries which we have now ex- 
tracted from the register, are positively all that we 
can relate with confidence of our^eat poet and his 
&mily, during the long term of his connection with 
the tneatre and the metropolis. We mav furly 
conclude, indeed, that he was present at eacn of the 
domestic events, recorded by the register : that he 
attended his son to the i^avo, and his daughter to 
the altar. We may believe also, from its great 
probability, even to the testimony of Aubrey, that 
he paid an annual visit to his native town : whence 
his fiimily were never removed, and which ne seems 
always to have contemplated as the resting place 
of his declining age. He probably had nothing more 
than a lodging in London, and this he might occa- 
sionally change: but in 1596 he is said to have 
Uved somewhere near to the Bear-Garden, in South- 

In 1606, James procured firom the continent, a 
large importation of mulberry trees, vrith a vien. to 
the estaDlishment of the siUc manufactory in his 
dominions ; and, either in this ^^ear or in the fol- 
lowing, Shakspeare enriched his carded at New 
Place with one of these exotic, ana at that time, 
Terr rare trees. This plant of his hand took root, 
aio flourished till the year 1761, when it was de- 
•iMfed bgr the bvbarooi tie of one Francii Gast- 

rcll, a dcrgvman, into whose worse tlian Gothio 
hands New Place had most unfortunately fillen. 

As wo are not told the precise time, when Shak- 
speare retired from the stuc and the metropolis to 
enjoy the tranquillity of life in his native town, we 
cannot pretend to determine it. As he is said^ 
however, to have passed some years in his estab- 
lishment at New Place, we may conclude thM his 
removal took place either in 1612 or in 161S, when 
he was yet in the vigour of life, beinc not more 
than forty-eight or forty-nine years old. He had 
ceased, as it is probable, to tread the stage as an 
actor at an earlier period : fur in the list of acton, 
prefixed to the Volpone o(^ B. Jonson, performed at 
the Globe theatre, and published in 1605, the namo 
of William Shakspeare is not to be found. However 
versed he might be in the science of acting, (and 
that he was versed in it we are assured by his di- 
rections to the players in Hamlet,) and, however 
well he might acquit himself in some of the subor- 
dinate characters of the drama, it docs not appear 
that he ever rose to the higher honours of his pro- 
fession. But if they were above his attainment^ 
they seem not to have been the objects of his am- 
bition ; for by one of his sonnets'^ we find that ha 
lamented the fortune which had devoted him to tho 
stage, and that he considered himself as degraded 
by such a public exhibition. The time was not yet 
come when actors were to be the companions of 
princes : when their lives, as of illustrious men, 
were to be written ; and when statues were to b« 
erected to them by public contribution ! 

The amount of the fortune, on which Shakspeare 
retired from the busy world^ has been the subject 
of some discussion. By Gildon, who forbears to 
state his authority, this fortune is valued at SOOL a 
year ; and by Malone, who, calculating our Poet's 
real property from authentic documents, assijnis a 
random value to his personal, it is reduced to 2004 
Of these two valuations of Shakspearc's proportyi 
we conceive that Gildon's afiproachos the more 
ncarl)»to the truth: fur if to Malone's conjectural 
estimate of the personal property, of which he pro- 
fesses to be wholly ignorant, be added the thousand 
pounds, given by Southampton, (an act of munifi- 
cence of which we entertain not a doubt,) the pre- 
cise total, as money then bore an interest of lOf. 
per cent., of the three hundred pound:* a year will 
be made up. On the smallest of these incomesy 
however, when money was at least five times its 
present value, might our Poet possess the comfcnls 
and the liberalities of life : and in the societv of 
his familv, and of the neighbouring gentry, concilia- 
ted by the amiablcncss of his manners and the 
pleasantness of his conversation, he seems to have 
passed his few remaining days in the enjovment of 
tranquillity and respect. So exquisite, indeed, ap- 
pears to have been his relish of the quiet, whiph 
was his portion within the walls of New Place, that 
it induced a complete oblivion of all that had en- 
gaged his attention, and had aggrandized his name 
in the preceding scenes of his life. Without any 
regard to his literary fame, either present or to 
come, he saw with perfect unconcctn some of his 
immortal works brought, mutilated and deformed, 
in surreptitious copies, before the worid ; and others 
of them, with an equal indifTcrenco to their fate, 
he permitted to remain in their unrevised or inter- 
polated M SS. in the hands of the theatric promp- 
ter. There is not, probably, in the whole compass 
of Kterary history, such another instance of a proud 
superiority to what has been called by a rival 

«*Tne last Infirmity of noble minds,** 

as that which was now exhibited by our illustriooi 
dramatist and poet. He seemed 

" As if A^ could not or Ae would nm find, 

How much his worth transcemled all his klnd.f ** 

* See Sonnet cxI. 

t £piuph on a Fair Mafcleo Lady, by Drydaib 


of inuiii, b* bu produud bii ■dminbta works iRer Combs'l deilh. Slceni 
witGnutuijrthnMiort^ut orthe mind: thiThkd I credit the wbols t*lf. The twc 
' tad b him mil that ha had ulied Com tb< ' ' ~ 

Widi k priTilege, rvrsl; mdulnd eren lo th* tim* ] make ihem worm, a 

oMuBed fia taim 111 that ha nad ukM uom idctii, 'to ui By ttowc, ue anqucaoonuiiji doi anu- 
— (h* pUTDBHe oT the great, the applause of Ihi' ipeira'a ; and thai anr luting enrnhj' aubiistcd 
nitlj, and • eompeiencj of fortune adMuite lu betiteen ih»« two burghcri of Stratford ii disnro- 
tfaanidMMimarhudeiij'eB. HarmE fulfilled, br, ved by the reauetin inlli of the partiei, J<ib:i 
fOiiiNi, ueMded hii upeiilalioni, Uie; had dii> Combe b«iuFatnin^ Rve pouods lo our Foel, and 
dwrnd (beir Jul; ; and he thiew them altogetbir our Poel leaving hii ■won] lo John Combe'i ne- 
Son/Uiiboo^; aitd whether it were their dt,- pbew and reiiduary legate!^ John Combe himielf 
ftif to ametge mto leooms or lo poriih in tlii! , being at thai time deceased. With the two rooi- 
^rawerofa manager; lo be brought to light in a mentatonaboTemenlioned,IantinFllued^tberi:fore, 
Male of mlegri^, or to reviiit lAi gUmfia of Ik: < on the whole, to reject the alory ** a fabncation ; 
«»•■ ntt a Aauonif norlol nmrdtrt m tkar hta,!, < though I cannot, with Slecreng, conricl the Unei of 
engaged no pait of hli lolicilude or intereit. Th, . ' malignil; ; or thinl. with him and with Malone, that 
had _giTen to him the meani of eaijlifei and IlV the ^aracter of Shalcfpeare, on the lUppotilion of 
vngfil from Ibem nothing more. Thii in>enn- ] hi. being their author couU require anj laboured 
Wily in our Author 10 the oiT.pHng of hia brai:, rindicaUon lo clear il from alain. In the anecdote, 
Bay ba the atibjeot of our wonder or admiia- aa related hs Howe, I can »ee nothing bul a whita- 
liia: but ba eoaK<|ueDC« hare been calamitoi:-^ lical lally, breaking from the mind of onelrieIKi, 
rho in after timeahave bung with deliglii and of a nature to excite a good-humoured amiie on 
"- •'-- ■— "ect and the temper of the cheek of the other, fa Aubrej'a haoda, Iho 

and the arrogance of pleiion ; and the wane letaes, aa written afler the 

riand illiutraiora — m the conceit and i death of their (ubject, may jtuUy be brandEd aa 

loobald; the imbecility of Capell; ImaleTolenl, and aa discovering enmity in the heart 

leleas dogmatiim of Steevena ; thv of their writer. But I have dwelt too long upon a 

lenofMalonaandofDnke. Soue j topic which, in truth, ia undeserving of a gyllable; 

iTlho'eiii' rf Shak^a"' Row", Pop'e, wVr- I of eihihilLng Maloue'a reaaona for h'ia preference of 
n ^^^ j^j Johnaon havB auccoaiivelv Aubrey'a copy of the epitaph to Rowe's, and hii 

aeen ai ia their original purity to the world. Bui Ha in the tail line of Aubrey'a, aaUo li tbeabbre- 
ftoM aone cauae or other, which it ia not our pru- vialion of Hobgoblin, one of the name* of Robin 
MUbuaineia to eiplore, each of theie ediiora, ii, Good-ttllow, the fairy aervant ofOberon, my read- 
hiattm, haa diaappointed the juit eipectations .ii I en would hate juat cauae lo complain of me, aa 
tba public { and, with an inieraion of Natun '. i aporlini utith their time and their patience, 
general rule, the little men have finally prevail. .1 ' On the 9ib of July, 1BI4, SttatJord waa ravaged 

r'nit Ihs greaL The blockbeaila have hoot. I by a lire, wbichdeatroyedfifty-faurdwelling-houaea 

lathe michly body of Shalu[Hare, like barnaclei ii, eter, from the property of Shakapeare ; and he had 
the bull oTa proud man of war, they are prepared lu only to comniuerate the loiaea of hia neighbouti. 

h'tlle only mean* in their power, lo ana—- -■--- "■■-■■ ■- ' "-' '--''-- 

•alveafroui that obbvionlowhich Nature 

Ibaae lentlemen of their proper praiae. They havi 
read lor men of lalenta ; and, by their groa laboui 

% knowledge of the world, a 

b« arranjed and pobiheil by the hand of the fini'r aovcreign, Shaknpeare must have been a delightful 
■rlijL Some apology may be neceaaary for Ihi? ~-^ay, a fascinating companion ; and hii acquain- 
abort di^eiaion fiom Ihe more immediate aubjecl, tanee muat neceatarily haiTB been courted by all 
of ray biography. Bui the three or four yeai-^. 1 'be prime inhabitanu of Siralford and ita vicinity, 
which were passed by Bhakipeare in the peaceful , But over lliis, aa over the precedio); periods of h» 

•lid the chaim majuol improperlybe supplied wiili apply to our imaginalton to fumtth out hiscon- 
wbalerer ttanda in contiiiuity with it. I shoulil nvial board where intellect presided, and delighl, 
|iBaa in ailence, ai too trifling for notice, Ihe ator^ *'th admiration, cave the apiilauae, 
of our Poet'a eitempore and jocular epitaph c„j On Ihe ad of rehni.ry, 14lS-I8, he married his 
John Combe, a rich lowniman of Btratfont, and n youngest daughter, Judith, then in the thirty- 
noted moner-lender, if my reader* would not ohiei-[ first yenr of her aeo, to Thomas Quinoy, a vinlncr 
U me that I had omitled an anecdote which buil in Siralford ; and on Ihe ££th of the ancceeding 

naphy of ray author. As the circumstance is re- would appear, in the full vigour and enjoyment of 

iheir cimmon friends, Mr. Combe lold ShakBpear.', had been previously weakened by Ihe attack of any 
in a Uughing manner, that he fancied he inlendr.l malady. But his days, or rather hishoura, were now 
10 write hii epit^h if he happened to outlive him : ' all numbered ; for ho breathed his last on Iho tSd ot 
aitd, since he could not know what might be aaiit ..r the ensuing April, on thai anniversary of hia birth 
him when he was dead, he desired il might be do^l' which completed hi; filly-second year. It would ba 
immediately : upon which ^akapeare gave him ' palilying lo our eurioaily to know something iiflhe 
ibese four verses ; ' disease, which thus prenatureiy lermmated Ihe life 

•Tm. a hundred u> ten his soul Is n« saVed. tain il, fre may b^''certarn that Dr. H^L^ho was 

the man so severely Ibal he never forgave it," By hupraclice bad fallen unSer his observation. Tliis 
_ _. • ..^ .. ... ...... o.^,ft« ^hichhadoacapodibeenmityoftirao, 

u obuiued by Halona : bnt the rMiiid«doama'« 


m 111 jT/wer, ^— ^ , 

J4«^ '^>r ■ IttS X m 
!♦ kif Miiiiiri «MHr »i 
tU Fm« viKh a iii^i— in of 

t, tJM eapira^ urt Man "/ 
fiiL Tb<e €k« M Mjd, boe, u far u I 

«■ as]^ t dn ya t e a«aAntv, tr, fiare b«M» 
froai lA* hrjt of Um «j«r«a»»i ; ajMl t^ vImm 
M«M«4, u> brMf tiM MMCa-V/a Manr M 
TIm f»0'je aarf ta* iMatia w/r* qm earaatwa of 
tile <T«« ««r« !i|^ kaMt: um aajr a»l 
««r* aabwB : a h«Mft f^^wa, wxt 
l«4i*(7 '/T<r a Ka/let ^^ofaUt. 
tfa ofifer f«rt waa fre«m 
aa4 iLa Ua»«la w«r« </ fji^ ci>U/ar. 
waa a«x Um bifk daaneai ta«te ; thoofb we anV 
kafB fr'^oa Pauuaaaa tkat i«afo«« m Greece «er» 
aMaetiaM* f^At^vd aft#r life ; bat as tt was rb< 
work *At0^Um^K%rj haada, awl waa uit««d«< bv 
Uyiaa wbr/ kaew di« Pr^ to r^Mrey to poat«ntV 
•w < reaeadbJaae« </ bu Ua«aflKBta'awl drew, it 
waa a BMnaaMrat </ rare valoe ; awl the taat«l«aa- 
Maa «/ MakfO«, wbo cauaH all ita tiata to be ob- 
iiterat«d widi a daabinf // white lead, casaoc be ' 
Mffciestly ridiciiM iA c//otUrmoie4. lU auterial | 
m a apticusM </ fr«e-«t/«e : aad aa the duael of the ' 
aetilp«itir waa moat proba£4y ooder the goklaace of' 
Doctor Hail, it U^re a^/me pr'«iia« f/ likeneaa to the ' 
micbty d«ad. Iinn»ediatelj below the coabaon ia the 
Uatm'in% diatjch :— 

JiyJirw ryliara j ireftW fl^jrraum : art* Mamncm 
T«rrA i«i(iC ^ i^/puJuui m/itret ■, Oljmpoa habet. 

On a taUet uwlemeath are inacribed theae Unea :— 

•tajr. fM««^i4r«rr, why *Vj« lYtfm r^ m faac ? 
lUad^ if f (•/<•! ran^M, whom rriTi«/iM death haa placed 
Wkhiri rhM rwifiMfriArit-Hriakiip^are ; with whom 
Qifklr .N*fiir«: (]i«9^ ; m\tfm^. name <Wh d«-r.k Che tomb 
WM Mfif. tti-ii, t/0^ : airite all ihti he hath writ 
Leaves )ivir»;r an but pajfe i/; scrTe hia wit ; 

and the flat at/ioe, coirerinf the crave, holda cot, in 
▼ery irrefular rharacten, a aujfpTkation to the read- 
0r. wit>i the f»r'/miae f/T a Ueaaiog and the menace 
Ma eurae : 

thf'i'i Krkiid ? f'*r Je«ii«« iiaJre fffrbear 
To <l)ir ()mi (luNt lfir|iM«-'l h*:r^. 
Rleai lie (Im man that Mimrttn thene Htnnea j 
Arnl curae'l he he ttiat uutrt» my br/nea. 

Tha laat //T iheae inacriptlona may have been written 
\r^ Mhak«|H'are himaelf umi<-r tne afinrehenaion of 
httU/fie* l>«finf tumbled, with th'me tjt many of hia 
lownamen, inUt the rharnni-hoiiae rif the pariah. 
But hia (luNt haa cmliniied iinviolated, and ia likely 
Ut remain m iU holy rApoar till ihn laat awful acene 
of ffur ppfiahable fUibe. It were Ut be wiahed that 
the two prrf:«wiinc inacri|»tiona wrru more worthy, 
than lh<iy am, t^ the toml» to which they are at- 
ta/:lied. It w'Mild lie ^ralifyinK if we could'^ipve any 
fiiilh to lht^ Iraiiili'in, which aaaeria that the biiat of 
ihia moniimriil waa arulptiirrd from a caat moulded 
Ml the face of the departed |>oet ; for then we might 
aaaurn ourafrlvea that we poaaeaa one authentic re- 
aemblani'n of (hia pre«eminrntl v intellectual mortaL 
Hut Ihft caat, if taken, muat nave been taken im- 
ntdiataly aAar his daaUi ; tnd w« know neither at 

at preaeat 

'Jie&itKzry ut*. 

CilJtd Hue C=aad»3a pi:«trait ; 

^ctjoa of the I>3k* cf BockiBcaaaL a: S« 

poaaeaaVitt td cLsa p a tLae caa be daaxificcj traced 
op to Betiertoo a»i I>av«Baa.t. Thrcofi liae baada 
Of tooreaarre pcrcLaaen, i: becaaae t^ afuucity 
if Mr. Robert Keck. Oa 'Jr^ mamaiT </ '^ tai^ 
eaaof tbe Keck &mi:T, ix paaacd u> Mr. MekoO, of 
Colaej-Hatcfa, ia Sliiidleaex: c« the aaw« ok tkii 
Ceatlemaa'i dai^kter wi± tLe Doac cf Chaadoa, it 
fiuad a place in that BfCjUcsxaa'a coilectaoa ; aad, 
ficaHy, by the mamafe cf tbe preacat Dake of 
Boduo^haoi with the Lady Anne EtizaJbeui Brrdfea. 
tJite beveat of the boose of Chaxhioa;, it haa acolad • 
in the faUery cf Su.-we. Thia waapnttoonccd by 
the late Carl of Oribrd. (Horace Walpoie,) n* «• 
are in^.«ined bv Mr. Graa^r, to be the oody orip- 
nal picture of ^kakapeare. But two ocbets, if miC 
more, contend with it for the palm of orisinabtr ; 
which in cooaeooence of ita kavinf been inthe[ 
aeaaioo of Mr. telton, of Drartua^ in the county of 
SakAyfrofn whom i: waa purchased by the Boyd^b, 
haa been called the Fclton Siakspeare ; and one, a 
miniature, which, by aome coonectioo, as I beliere, 
with the UmilT of ita prophetora, ibuod iu way iato 
the cabinet of the late Sir James Lamb, more ccn^ 
rally, perhapa, known by his orieinai name of Jaaaea 
BUind Burgeaa. The 'first of these pictures waa 
reported to have been found at the Boar*a Head in 
Eaatcheap, one of the favourite haunts, aa it was 
erroneoualy called, of Shakspeare and hia compa- 
niona ; and the second by a tradition, in the family 
<d Somervile the poet, ' ia affirmed to have been 
drawn from Shakspeare, who sate for it at the prea- 
aing inatance of a Somervile, one of his most inti- 
mate frienda. But the genuineneaa of neither of 
theae picturea can be aupportcd under a rijnd in- 
vcatigation; and their pretenaiona must yield to 
those of another rival portrait of our Poet, which 
was once in the possession of Mr. Jennena, of Gop- 
aal in Leicestershire, and is now the property of 
that liberal and literary nobleman, the Duke ot 
Somerset. For the authenticity oi this portrait, 
attributed to the pencil of Cornelius Jansenn, Mr. 
Boadcn*^ contends with much xcal and inccnuitv. 
Knowing that aome of the fiunily of Lord South* 
ampton, Shakapeare^a eapecial friend and patron, 
had been painted by Jansenn, Mr. Boadon 8{>e- 
cioualy infers that, at the Earl's request, his favourite 
dramatist had, likewise, allowed his face to this 
paintcr'a imitation ; and that the Gopsal portrait, 
the result of the artiat*s skill on this occasion, haa 
obtained a distinguished place in the (>icture-gallery 
r»f the noble Ean. This, however, is onlv unsup- 
ported assertion, and the more idleness of conjec- 
ture. It ia not pretended to be ascertained that the 
Gopsal portrait waa ever in the poasession of Shak- 

* An Inquiry Into the Authenticity of Pk»urea ami 
Prima offered aa Portraita of Shakapeare, p. 07—60 



■peare'tilliistnoiisirleiid; and its transfer*, during 
die hundred and thirty-seven yeacSf which inter- 
posed between the death of Southampton, in 1624, 
and the time of its emerging from darkness at Oop- 
■al, in 1761, are not made the subjects even ofa 
random euess. On such evidence, therefore, if 
evidence it can be called, it is impossible for us to 
receive, with Mr. Boaden, the Gomal picture as a 
gamine portrait of Shakspeare. We are now as- 
sured that it was from the Chandos portrait Sir 
Godfrey &ieller copied the paintinir which he pre- 
•ented to Dryden, a poet inferior only to him whose 
portrait constituted tne gift. The beautiful verses, 
with iHiich the poet requited the kind attention c^ 
the painter, are very generally known : but many 
may require to be informed thkt the present, made 
en this occasion by the great master of the pen- 
cil to the greater master of the pen, is still in 
existence, preserved no doubt by tlie respect felt to 


^a] painting, from which Droeshout drew the copy 
>r his engraving, prefixed to the first folio edition 
of our Poet's dramas, has not yet been discovered ; 
uid I feel perauadea that no original painting ever 
existed for nis imitation ; but that the artist worked 
in tins instance firom his own recollection, assisted 
probably by the suggestions of the Poet's theatric 
friends. We are, indeed, strongly of opinion that 
Shakspeare, remarkable, as he seems to have been, 
for a lowly estimate of himself) and for a carelessness 
of alt personal distinction, would not readily submit 
his face to be a painter's study, to the loss of hours, 
which he mifht more usefuU^ or more pleasurably 
assign to reamng, to composition, or to conviviality. 
If any sketch m his features was made during his 
Ub, it was most probably taken by some n4>ia and 
unprofessional pencil, when the I^>et was unaware 
of it ; or, taken by surprise, and exposed by it to 
no inconvenience, was not disposed to resist it. 
We are convincea that no authentic portrait of this 
mat man has yet been produced, or is likely to be 
discovered ; and that we must not therefore hope 
to be gratified with any thin^ which we can contem- 
plate with confidence as a faithfiil representation of 
nis countenance. The head of the statue, executed 
by Scheemake r, a nd erected, m 1741, to the honour 
of oar poet in Westminster Abbey, was sculptured 
after a mezzotinto, scraped by Simon nearly twenty 
years before, and said to be copied firom an origi- 
nal portrait, by Zoost. But as this artist was not 
known by any of his productions in England till 
the year 165?, no original portrait of Shakspeare 
could be drawii bv his pencil ; and. consequently, 
the marble chiselled by Scheemaxer, under the 
direction of Lord Burlmgton, Pope, and Mead, 
cannot lay any claim to an authorised resemblance 
to the roan, for whom it was wrou^^t. We must 
be satisfied, therefore, with knowing, on the au- 
thority of Aubrey, that our Poet " was a handsome, 
weU-uiaped man ;" and our imannation must sup- 
ply the expansion of his forehead, the sparkle and 
flash of his eyes, the sense and good-temper play- 
ing round his mouth ; the intellectuality ana tne 
braevolence mantling over his whole countenance. 
It is well that we are better acquainted with the 
rectitude of his morals, than with the symmetry of 
his features. To the integrity of his heart; the 

gentleness and benignity of his manners, we have 
ie positive testimony or Chettle and Ben Jonson ; 
the tormer of whom seems to have been drawn, by 
our Poet's good and amiable qualities, from the fac- 
tion of his dramatic enemies ; and the latter, in his 
love and admiration of the man, to have lost all his 
natural jealousy cfthe successful competitor for the 

* I derive my knowledge on this topic from Malone ; 
for till I saw toe fact asserted in his page, I was not 
aware that the picture in question had been preserved 
■mkl the wreck of poor Drvden's property. On the an- 
thortty also of Malone ana of Bfr. Boaden, I speak of 
Sir Godfrey's present to Dryden as of a copy from the 
Chaadoi portiali. 

poetic palnu I have already cited Chettle ; let me 
now cite Jonson, fit>m whose paces much more of 
a similar nature mi^t be adduced. " I loved," he 
says in his ' Discoveries,' ^' I loved the man, and do 
honour his memory^ on thii side idolatry, as much 
as any. He was, indeed, honest, of an open and 
firee nature ; had an excellent fancy, brave notions 
and gentle expressions," &c &c. When Jonson 
apostrophizes his deceased friend, he calls him, 
** My gentle Shakspeare," and the title ef ** the 
sweet swan of Avon," so generally given to him, 
after the example of Jonson, t>y his contemporariM, 
seems to have oeen given with reference as much 
to the suarity of his temper as to the harmony of 
his verse. In their dedication of his worics to the 
Earb of Pembroke and Montgomery, his fellows, 
Heminge and Condellf profess that their great oIh 
ject in their publication was ''only to keep tha 
memory of so worthy a firiend and fellow aUve m 
was our Shakspeare :" and their prefiue to the 
public appears evidently to have been dictated \m 
their personal and affectionate attachment to the< 
departed firiend. If we wish for any furUier evi> 
dence in the support (^ the moral character ol 
Shakspeare, we may find it in the fiiendship of South- 
ampton ; we may extract it fit>m the pages of hit 
immortsi works. Dr. Johnson, in his much over- 
praised Prefiice, seems to have taken a view, vert 
different firom ours, of the morali^ of our autho^ 
scenes. He says, '* His (Shakspeare's) first defiact 
is that to which maybe imputed most of the evil in 
books or in men. He sacrifices virtue to conve- 
nience ; and is so much more careful to please than 
to instruct, that he seems to write without any moral 
purpose. From his writings, indeed, a system of 
moral duty may be selected,'' (indeed 1) " but his 
precepts and axioms drop casually from Mm:" 
(Would the preface-writer have wished the drama- 
tist to give a connected treatise on ethics like the 
offices of Cicero?) " he makes no just distribution 
of good or evil, nor is always careful to show in 
the virtuous a disapprobation of the wicked: he 
carries his persons mdififerently through right and 
wrong ; ana at the close dismisses them without 
further care, and leaves their examples to operate 
by chance. This fault the barbarity of the age can- 
not extenuate : for it is always a writer's duty to 
make the world better, and justice is a virtue inde- 
pendent on time or place." Why this commonplace 
on justice should be compelled into the station in 
which we here most strangely find it, I cannot for 
my life conjecture. But aMurd as it is made by its 
association in this place, it may not form an im 
proper conclusion to a paragraph which means little, 
ana which, intending censure^ confers dramatio 
praise on a dramatic writer. It is evident, however, 
that Dr. Johnson, though he says that a system d 
moral duty may be selected urom Shalcspeare's 
writings, wi^ed to inculcate that his scenes were 
not of a moral tendency. On this topic, the first 
and the greater Jonson seems to have entertained 
very different sentiments— 

.« Look, how the father's fkce 

(says this great man) 

Lives In bis issue ; even so the race 

Of Shakspeare's mind and manners, brightly shines 

In his weU'tomed and trueflled linee." 

We think, indeed, that his scenes are rich in ster 
ling morality, and that they must have been the effu- 
sions of a m(»«l mind. Tlie only crimittatioL of his 
morals must be drawn firom a few of his sonnets ; 
and firom a story first suggested by Anthony Wood, 
and afterwards told by Oldys on the authority ot 
Betterton and Pope. From the Sonnets* we can 
collect nothing more than that their writer was 
blindly attached to an unprincipled woman, who 
preferred a young and beautiful fnend of his to him 
seLC But the story told by Oldys presents some 

« See Son 141, 144, 147, 101, 15a 

it tb» wj iwnfa at C _, . . 
bwatei, Bfkafnan often tailed u ita ( 
ar Tmn in Orfbrd, m hia joarnnr is 
Lowka. TJie UaJUdj frr- - ■■ ■'-' - 

DiMic.'* tIhj mn, aquMtteaaUj, wnlkio : but 
•rhii th« nn «iiu fci cnr umin buMd io in- 
•cntfitte BfMMj. Hat dwM »Jd»M»d lo lua 

c1 pcnofwJ DOTBlitj oTBtiakapevT 
dsji nf pcculjvlj iFDniiTe rinue, he '^ ' 
po—iUj be kdiwHed into the wlj of Vt^ 
but, IB lb* fe^ m whicb he lirecL tbe«e erro 
buauB ureakDeei did aoi diminiih Ihe rev]>c 
KWlded br the probilj of hu heftjt ; or i 
CMtdbUwl by tbo botufnii)' of hii muuKr.n 
mtmmtioD naeied bf the liiumph oThti if 
kloah nilh nidi|[ml»a iAcdI relitethdiLN 

ITtbe n 

od b^ bim, he rffriincd Eo guini IhelD froo 
■cripl diBthbutioD ; and Ihej kiod, u might be ei- 
pectrd, found their «my lo the pmi ; wheDco thef 
were rtfiidlj rircdfaled, lo the dotkhit of hifl poctiy 
imd PDt (o rh« diKrcdit of hie mor&jL So w ~ 
wM be from Ihe di^pnIiBg »ide, imputed u tii_, 
for the iinl line, in Ihr nineleuuh cratoiy. ibu he 
■Iludei to it nolT once (if tnj ircoUrcliiio be at lU 
urate) in all his Tolumhious worie ; uid that ii 
vhrre the fbul-moulhed Theriiln, in Tmlui and 
Ctcndda,* «ll> Patrocliu "Achillti'e mi 
ohore." Under lU the drntmiUntM at iJ 
luldlK thee 

iUKieeled afaiml hira bj a critic* </ I',' 
^T, en (he pretended leatimonj of a lar;;. 
of Ml aonnetL But hii own proud charat. i ■ i 

and Iwenly of iheie httle poenii are addr' 
mUa, and that in the langua^B oT man' 
]mt 'm inn utmoiilt and warmly idem! 
" ■" ~ inihedajiofahalupean 


ivabie, ii 

fricndihip *ere alnrai •] 
Marchanl oTVemce,! Loreiui 
lo Portia, earn. 



wph l)at>« 

and Portia, in her repljcill* Anlonio "l&t bntarn lover 
M her lord." DTaytan, in a letter lo ha fiimd, 
lioe inrU lam; and Ben Jonuo 
tn Dfp Donne by profesviiig him- 
■alfusmAHlrwbver. Many noninilanEPs nfiho 
Mma pflrnrlHl Lan|Da|p nufhl be educed from the 
*rilin|a oT that rroir and indelicate age ; and t 
ha*n nnl ■ daub) Ihat Shakapeare, wilhoul eipoiing 
hlnviK In Fha haiard oT lunpiaDn, employiid ihit 
Mlbnrhieil dIalKi nf hia tine to (hb ths maier 
|lnw lo Ihnw tddreoni ID hiayounf fnend; But 
whowai Ihif young AienHI The i^uefiii.n [m^ r,. . 

vpadouily anirt*„ed.' I woum'u reldil'^ "■h.\'-'. 
with Ihe late Mr. O. Chalnen, that thi- ..!.,. . i ..[ 

• Bee Mniilhl. Role* (or Dee. 1834: artlt:!.. eiixi' 

hm the injurioua 
iugfeition with honwl abhorrence and diedaUk 

Tlie Will of Bhakipearc, giring to hii yovnant 
daughter, Judith, not more than three bBn£«d 
poondi, and a piete of plate, which probably was 
Tiluable, u it u called b^ tfar teatator, "My tnad 
lilver and gilt bowl,"assignii>liniHillhe nhotoof hia 
property lo hia eldeal daughler, Suaauna Ball, and 

The cauae of thia evident partiality in the blher 
appeari to be diacororable iu the higher nental ac- 
compliahmenui of the elder daughler ; who ia r^- 

cndowraenlff, and to ha^o been eminently diatiu- 
guiabed by Uie piely and the Chriatian benetolBnca 
which actuated her conduct. HaTing aurcired her 
eatiraahlo huaband foorleea years, ihe died on Ibo 
Illhorjulv.lUS: and Ihe inirripliononher Lmob^ 
preaertfid by Dugdale, conmomaratea her intellec- 
luaJ aupcrionty, and the infueore of religion upon 
her heart. Thii inicriplion, which we ahaU Iran- 
acribe, bean wilneea alao, aa we nual obaerre, to 
Ihe piely of her UlnMrioua lather. 

WlM ID aalration waa good MistrcH Hail. 
Bomeihin* of Shakapeare was In (*o* ,• but Mft 
miillu of him, wKh whom atid now In hHea 
Then, paaenf er. haK ne'er a tear 

To weep wtlh her, thai wepi wkh all ■ 
That wept. y« m bar«lfio cheer 

Them up with comTona cordial. 
Her tore ahall live, hct mercy apread, 
When ibos bait ne'e! a teai to abed. 

Aa Bhakapeara'a laat will and tealament irill be 
printed at the end of thia biography, we may refor 
our read^ia to thai document Tor all the minor lega- 
to an accounla?our great Poefa lunily, acbr m II 
can be Firen from recotda whicJi are authentic* 
Judith, Kb youngET daughter, bore to hrr huiband, 
Thnmaa Qslney, three aona ; ShaVapeare who 
died in hia infancy, Richard and Thoniu, who do- 
ceaiod, the firal iu hia 3Ut year, Ihe laat in hia ISlh, 



ried ftiiJ beibre ihev mother ;^ who, haTin| 

reached her 77th jev, ez|Nred in February, 1661-4 
— -bein|( buried oo the 9th of that month. She ap- 
pears Qitber wA to have received any oducatioii, or 
not to have profited by the I o iio m of her teachera, 
for to a deed, ttiU m eadstence, the affixee her 

We have already mentioned the datoe of the 
iHrth, marria|e, and death of Suianna HalL She 
l«ft only one danflhter, Elizabeth, who was baptized 
on the 21it of Fraruary, 1607-8, eight years before 
tier gFandfiuher*! deceaae, and was married on the 
M2d of April, IttS, to Mr. Thomas Naah, a country 
^gentleman, as it appears, of independent fortune. 
Two Tears after the deatn of Mr. Nash, who was 
iBuried on the 5th of April, 1647, she married on the 
Ath of June, 16^ at Biilesler in Warwickshire. Sir 
John Barnard, Eni^t, of Abington, a small village 
an the vicinity of Northampton. She died, and was 
buried at Abin|ion, on the l7th of February, 1669-70 ; 
mjCkAf as she left no issue by either of her husbands, 
ner death terminated the lineal descendants of 
Shakspeare. His collateral kindred have been in- 
elulgea with a much longer period of duration ; the 
ciescendants of lus sister^ Joan, having continued in 
A repxlar succesuon of generations even to our 
«iays ; whilst none of them, with a single exception, 
liave broken from that rank in the community in 
^vhich their ancestors, William Hart and Joan 
Shakspeare united their unostentatious fortunes in 
Xhe year 1599. The single exception to which we 
«liuJe is that of Charles Hart, believed, for good 
reasons, to be the son of William the eldest son of 
l^iUiam and Joan Hart, and, consequently, the 
(rand-nephew of our Poet. At the early age of 
aeveateen, Charles Hart, as lieutenant in Prince 
Rupert's regiment, fought at the battle of Edgehill : 
mMtif subsequently betaking himself to the stage, ho 
became the most renowned tragic actor of his time. 
** What Mr. Hart delivers,*' says Rymer, (I adopt 
the citation from the page of Malone,) " every one 
takes upon content: their eyes are prepossessed 
and charmed by his action before aught ofthe poet*s 
can approach tneir ears : and to the most wretched 
of characters he gives a lustre and brilliancy, which 
dazzles the sig^t that the deformities in the poetry 
cannot be perceived." "Were I a poet," (says 
another contemporair writer,) "nay a Fletcher or 
a Shakspeare, I would quit my own title to imroor^ 
tality so that one actor might never die. This I 
may modestly say of him (nor is it my particular 
opinion, Imt the sense of all mankind) that the best 
tragedies on the English stage have received their 
bstre from Mr. Hart's performance : that ho has 
left such on impression behind him, that no less than 
the interval of an age can make them appear oeain 
with half their majestjr from any second hand." This 
was a brilliant eruption firom the family of Shak- 
speare ; but as it was the first so it appears to have 
been the last ; and the Harts have ever sinco^ as 
fiir at least as it is known to us, " pursued the noise- 
less tenor of their way," within the precincts of 
their native town on the banks of the soft-flowing 

• B V intelligence, on the accuracy of which I c«-in rei v, 
and which has only just reached mo, frum the binh- 
place of Shakspeare, I learn that the tdmily ufthe Hartn, 
after a course of lineal descents durinor the revolu« 
(ion of two hundred and twenty-aix years, is now on the 
ver^re of extinctton ; an ased woman, who retains in 
MtngU blwedneat her maiden name of Hart, beini; at 
thif time (Nov. 1835) its sole survlvinir represcnutive. 
Kor Nome years she occupied the house of her ancestors, 
ki whkh Shakspeare is reported to have flrst seen the 
light ; and here she obtained a comfortable subflintcnce 
by showing the antlqoiiies of the venerate<l mansion to 
the numerous strangers who were attracted to it Being 
dispossessed of (hto resklence by the ranociousness of its 
proprietor, she settled herself In a dwelling nearly oppo- 
she to k. Hers she sdll Uvea ; and continues to exhibit 
some relies, not repoted to be genuine, of the mighty 
baird, whh whom her mstemal aucescor was nourlslmi 
H the same womb. She regards herself also as a dra> 
poec ; and. In suppoft of her pretensions, she pro- 
tha cads skMca of a play, uataifomad, as It h 

Whatever is in any degree associated with the 
personal history of Shakspeare is weishty with gen- 
eral interest. The circumstance of nis birth can 
impart consequence even to a provincial town ; and 
we are not unconcerned in the past or the present 
fortunes of the place, over which hovers the glory 
of his name. But the house, in which he passed 
the last three or four years of nis life, and in wluch 
he terminated his mortal lalxNirs, is still more en- 
gaging to our imaginations, as it is more closely and 
personally connected with him. Its history, there- 
lore, must noV be omitted by us ; and if in some re* 
spects, we should differ in it from the narrative oi 
Mdone^ we shdl not be without reasons sufficient 
to justi^ the deviations in which we indulge. New 
Place, then, which was not thus first named by 
Shakspeare, was built in the reign of Henry VU., 
by Sir Hugh Clopt<Mi, Kt., the younger son of an 
old family resident near Stratford^ who had filled 
in succession the offices of Sheriff and of Lord 
Mayor of London. In 1563 it was sold by one of 
the Clopton family to William Bott ; and by him 
it was again sold in 1570 to William Underhill, fthe 
purchaser and the seller being both of the rank of 
csauireO from whom it was TOueht hj our Poet in 
1597. By him it was bequeathed to his daughter, 
Susanna Hall ; from whom it descended to her only 
child. Lady Barnard. In the June of 1643, this 
Lady, with her first husband Mr. Nash, entertained, 
for nearly three weeks, at New Place, Henrietta 
Maria, the queen of Charles I., when, escorted by 
Prince Rupert and a large body of troops, she was 
on her progress to meet tier royal consort, and to 
proceed with him to Oxford. On the death of Lady 
Barnard without children, New Place was sold, in 
1675,t to Sir Edward Walker, Kt., Garter King at 
Arms ; by whom it was lefl to his only child, Barbara, 
married to Sir John Clopton, Kt., of Clopton in the 
parish of Stratford. On his demise, it became the 

groperty of a youn^r son of his, Sir Hugh Clooton, 
lUf (this &miij ofthe Cloptons seems to have been 
peculiarly prolific in the breed of knights,) by whom 
It was repaired and decorated at a very large cx- 

tense. Malone affirms that it was pulled down by 
im, and its place supplied by a more sumptuous 
edifice. If this statement were correct, the crime of 
its subsequent destroyer would be greatly extcnu 
ated ; and the hand which had wieldea the axo 
against the hallowed mulberry tree, would be ab- 
solved from the second act, imputed to it, of sacri- 
legious violence. But Molone's acccount is, un- 
questionably, erroneous. In the May of 1742, Sir 
Huirh entertained Garrick, Macklin, and Delany 
under the shade ofthe Shakspearian muiberrv. On 
the demise of Sir Hugh| in tnc December of' 1751, 
New Place was sold by his son-in-law and executor, 
Henry Talbot, the I^ra Chancellor Talbot's brother, 
to the Rev. Francis Gastrell, Vicar of Frodshom in 
Cheshire ; by whom, on some quarrel with the 
magistrates on the subject of the parocliial assess- 
ments, it was razed to the ground, and iUi site aban- 
doned to vacancy. On this conipletion of his out- 
ragcs§ against the memory of Shakspeare, which 
his unlucky possession of wealth enabled him to 

said, with any ofthe vitality of freniuii. For iliis infor. 
maiion I am indebted to Mr. Charles FellowH, of Not> 
tingham ; who with the characteri<<tic kindnciis of his 
most e«timal>Ie family, soitirlit for the intelligence which 
was required by me, sikI obtained iL 

t Malone cives a different account of some of the 
transfers of New Place. Acconlinir to him. it passed by 
sale, on the death of Lady Barnard, to Euwaird Nash, 
the cousin-gcrman of that Lodv^s nrsc husband ; and, 
by him, was bequeathed to his uauithter Mary, the wife 
of Sir Keginald Foster ; from whom it was bought by 
Sir John Clopton, who gave it by deed to hia youngest 
son. Sir Hugh. But the deed, which conveyed Sew 
Place to Sir Edward Walker, Is still in existence ; and 
has been published by R. B. Wheeler, the historian of 

t Sir Hufh Clopton was kidi^hted by Oeorfre I. He 
was a barrister at law ; and died in the December of 
1751, at the advanced age of eighty. — Maione. 

f Our days, also, have wknsesed a shnilar nrofaaa 
tlon of tha rtliei of ttohMj.BOi, ladoed, or goum 

liiiMWii, rrucii Gul»D dcptriad fiom BbUfivd, 
hooted oatcfihB town, and puniied br tin eiscrk- 
tioB of iu inhabiluti. lis f(U of New Plitr 
hu tnca ruhcr tenurkibls. Adn tlis demaliuon 
rf Ihg baiUB bj GutrsU, lbs grouod, which it hi.d 
Qccapied, wtx thrown inlo Iho oonliguoizi nrdBti, 
mi WIS sold by Ihfl widowof thodBnctlbiLrbvruii. 
Baniu rcnuiaed during & cutun period, M * por- 
lioii of a girdeo, ■ houie wu again vreclcd on it ; 


inc epitaph, attribtilKl, eartainlT not a 
.„j, . Doei. n, ,ubj«!l wi 

iiiiud m Stralfoid, 

wu piqued, iha world lunrflllnf JH, ■ 

1 tinalLy aban- 
or her ftuil.. 

•or, Trai pulled down ; and iIa sile w 
doned to Nature, Tor the prnductio 

little E\nt and Fairiei fre<iueDtlf lo 
thefogtfltejH of their beloved poet, iftiwoliLiIera.le-.l 
from the fiaiDoaf man; to tbrow a fintir perfuin< 
CO the riolelj to unfold the Rnt rose of the jear, 

their harmoniea, too subtle for the groii ear of moi- 
talily, lo the fondlj cheiiihed memury of Iheir ilar- 

Of tbo periooal history uf T 

m Hronglj TerlSeil,— 
''a"^ij me iai Sd « well 

Itanlpy, Knt., who is tbouchi by M 
'd about the you l«00. With the 

1 Shakipeaiv, 

eiti it, and «( 

lion with iL 
illeol; and 

■peak of our Pool's Kit-nnnii^ as f 
them, at the Mermaid, wHh Ben Jonsoo 

■parkle of our Shaiupeari 

<cord of either 

lifht skiff, skirmiihing with a huge gallean, ari 
cither evading or pressinE attack as prudence bv[! 
(Oited, or the atertnois ^ hii moiementa eml>ol<l 
•DCd him to allempl. The lover of heraldry mai 
periiaps, ceniure us fur neglecting lo gi« Ihe blai^ 
of Shakflpea/e's arms, for which, aa it appeara. In.' 

fs69arIS70, and one in ISM; and by Uni, wt! 

has been imputed on any Hulhority to the pen <^t 
J^akBpoarc, we may be blamed for passing over iii 
silence two very mdilTerent epitaphs, which '" 
been charged on him. We will now, therefore, 

ty the two epitaphs in 
thout any futiher imp 

We nB> 

. - -- , JsaWe.a 

■pear of the first, point upwards, headed argerji 
Cteat, A falcon displayed, argent, aupportin^ 

In a MS. volume of poems, by William Hei 
and olhrn, preserved in Ihe Bodleian, is lliefbl 

Hd ^ie cl^c,"Sl 'de"ar B^ie"™ of 'hSU^Iunin" 

l-ettr Ivaliei," these' lamentable desecraUens, which 
nnniiT our pnde and wauid our MnsiUIMs^ will of 
■ueeisItT sofneilmes occur. The rile of Ihe Tusculan 
of Ckero niv bemme ihe haunt of banillal,Drbe dii- 
graenl wtih the walla of a roonasiw)'. Ths resWeiK r-j 
of a BlialiBpeare and a Pope may tK dcvastaled andd'^- 
llled by a P^uku Ouuellaiid s BatoneiH Hows. W, 
can only .igh over the ruin when its delbrnliy slrlk,. 
npon our e;es , and eiKrau tha bands by wUchilhiu' 
been savagely accompUsbsd. 

d by bugdale lo hi 

Hli fame U more perpetual ilianihei 
Shall UvewheueanhlymonunMnlL 

Nor sky-aspirine pyraraiilB our name. 
The memory orhim lor whom ihig Kands, 

Sianlsy, lot whom Ihis sunds, shall Mud In baana. 

As the ^eal works of Shakspeare have engaged 
be altention of an active and a learned ceutuijr 

n Ihe eubject of them can be expected from ■ pen 
fihe preacntday. Il i> necessary, however, that 
re should nuice Ihem, teat <iui readers should ba 
ompelled To ae«k in another page than ours for tha 

Fourteen of hia plays were published aeparalelj, 
1 quarto copies, during our Poet's life: and, seveo 
ears afler his death, a complete edition of Ihem 
'»! given to the public in Iblio bv hii theatric fol- 
3wi, Heminge and Condell. Of those produetiona 
if his, which were circulated by the press while he 

.uthor aeema Id have been as utterly reganDeas aa 
he necessarily was of those which appeared whem 
he was moidderilig in his grave.* Wehave already 

In hla essay on the chmnolngica! order of Shak 

Ihe ihle.pagE of ihe earliest ediikm of Hsmlrt, wbkb ha 
believed then to lie exlanl, Iharihls edition (published in 
1604) had been preceded byanmherefaleatcorrc^ind 
less peifeci character. A copy of Ihe ehkr idiiiiin, In 
question, has kitrly been diacoveied: and Is, indad, 

wBs CDllated by Malone. Ii obviously aniear* lo liara 
been primed Irom ihe ivde draught of tlie drama, as k 
was sketched by the Poet from Ihe first suenearions of 
*--- ^Ind. But how this Tude and imperfeet drauiht 

I fall into the hands of ha publislicr, Is a quealoa 

Bsily to be answered. Such, hi> 

. They 

correct MS., blotted aealn and aplii by the pens oTIg- 

■uHeied, by Ihe apatliynflu muaiious author, to be 
circulated, wltboul check, among the mullilude, Henca 
the grosaest anomalies of eranunar have been conaidcr- 
ed, ^ bla fsr-famed restorers, as belonging to Ihe dia- 
lect of Shakspeare ; and ihe most agrepous InftaeUena 
ofrhythm,aBtheloneaafhiaAo>ify-lenfnrttmuse. Ttaa 
"arlailons of Ihe copy of Hamlet Immediately before ua, 
ihlch waspubliiheJln ISIU, frnm the peifeR drama, 

lemus u> be nciduil In Ihis place, If iinleed this placa 
ould properly be sasigned lu auch a purpose. 1 may, 
owaver, ju mention ib« Corambls and Moniaiw an 



^ nlaei f c d on the estniordinary,— naj wonderful m- 
^tiflTerence oTthxi iUustrious man toward the oflTspring 
«f bb fitnej ; and we make it again the lubject of 
our remark aolelj for the purpose of illustrating the 
cause of those numerous and pernicious errors 
which deform all the early editions of his plays. 
He must hare known that many of these, his intel- 
lectual children, were walking through the commu- 
nity in a state of gross disease, with their limbs 
spotted, as it were, with the leprosy or the plague. 
But he looked on them without one parental feeling, 
and stretched not out his hand for their relief. Tliey 
had broken from the confinement of the players, to 
whose keeping he had consigned them ; ana it was 
their business and not his to reclaim them. As for 
the rest of his intellectual progeny, they were where 
1m had placed them ; and he was utterly uncon- 
cerned about their (iiture fate. How frau^t and 
clowing with the principle of life must have been 
uieir nature to enable them to subsist, and to force 
themselves into immortality under so many circum- 
fltances of evil! 

T%e co|Mes of the plays, published antecedently 
to his death, were transcrioed either by memory 
from their recitation on the stage ; or from the sepa- 
rate parts, written out for the study of the particu- 
lar actors, and to be pieced together by the skill of 
the editor: or, lastly, if stolen or bribed access 
coold be obtained to it, from the prompter's book 
itselC From any of these sources of acquisition 
the copy would necessarily be polluted with very 
flaj^rant errors; and from every edition, through 
iriuch i! ran, i( would naturally contract more pol- 
hition aud a deeper stain. Such of the 6rst copies 
as were fortunately transcribed from the prompter's 
book, would probably be in a state of ereater rela- 
tive correctness: but they are all, in aifferent de- 
crees, deformed with inaccuracies ; and not one of 
uem can claim the right to be followed as an au- 
thority. What Steevens and Malone call the re- 
storing of Shakspcare's text, b^ reducing it to the 
reading of these early quartos, is frequently the re- 
■loringof it to error and to nonsense, from which ii 
Had luckily been reclaimed by the felicity of conjcc- 
tnral criticism. One instance immediately occurs 
to me, to support what I have affirmed ; and it may 
be adduced instead of a score, which might bo easi- 
ly ibond, of these vaunted reatorations. 

In that fine scene between John and Hubert, 
where the monarch endeavours to work up his 
•gent to the royal purposes of murder, the former 

^irthou couldst 

Hear me without thine earn, and make reply 
Witbouc a tongue, using conceit alone, kc. fcc 

Then in despite of brooded, watchful day, 

I woukl ioco thy bosom pour my thought^ fee. fcc. 

Hie passage thtis stood in one of these old copies 
of oMihority : but Pope, not able to discover any 
meaning in the epithet^ brooded^ most happily sub- 
stituted " broad-eyed" in its stead. As the com- 
pound was poetic and Shakspearian (for Shakspcare 
has dnll-eyed and fire-eyed,) and was also most pe- 
culiarly suited to the place which it was to fill, the 
substitution for a while was permitted to remain ; 
till Steevens, discovering the reading of the old copy, 
restored brooded to the station whence it had been 
felicitouslv expelled, and abandoned the Ihie once 
more to tfie nonsense of the first editor. 

In 1623, the first complete edition of our author's 
dramauc works was puolished in f(>lio by his com- 
rades of the theatre, Hcminge and Condell ; and in 
this we mifht expect a text tolerably incorrupt, if 
not perfectly pure. The editors denounced the 
copies which had preceded their edition as " stolen 
and surreptitious copies, maimed and deformed by 
the frauds and stealUis of injurious impostors, that 
e ipo ae d them ; even those are now ofiered to your 

1 given In this copy to the Polonius and Rey. 

of tbe more perfect editiona ; and the yming lord, 

Oskkp ia «dM Ii k only a bnggait fMUkman. 

riew cured and perfect of their limba ; and all the 
rest absolute in their numbers as he conceived 
them." But notwithstanding these professions, 
and their honest resentment against impostors and 
surreptitious copies, the labours of these sole pos- 
sessors of Shakspeare's MSS. did not obuin the 
credit which they arrogated ; and they are charged 
with printing from those very quartos, on which 
they had heaped so much well-merited abuse. They 
printed, as there cannot be a doubt, from their 
prompter's book, (for by what temptation could itiey 
he enticed beyond it?) but then, from the same 
book, were transcribed manj^, pernaps, of the surw 
reptitious quartos ; and it is not wonderful that 
transcripts of the same page should be precisely 
alike. These editors, however, of the first folio, 
have incurred the heavy displeasure of some of our 
modem critics^ who are zealous on all occasions to 
depreciate their work. Wherever they differ from 
the first quartos, which, for the reason that I have 
assigned, they must in general very closely resem- 
ble, Af alone is ready todec'de against them, and 
to defer to the earlier edition. But it is against the 
editor of the second folio, published in 1632, that 
he points the full storm of his indignation. He 
charges this luckless Mright, whoever he may be, 
with utter ignorance of the language of Shakspcare's 
time, and of the fabric of Sha!asneare's verse ; and 
ho considers him and Pope as the grand corrupters 
of Shakspcare's text. Without reflecting that to 
be •ignorant of the language of Shakspcare's time 
was, in the case of this hapless editor, to be igno- 
rant of his own, for he who published in 1632 could 
hardly speak with a toncue different from his who 
died only sixteen years oefore, Malone indulges in 
an elaborate display of tho tmhappy man's igno- 
rance, and of his presumptuous alterations. He 
(the editor of the second folio) did not know that the 
double negative was the customary and authorized 
dialect of the age of Queen Elizabeth ,* (God help 
him, poor man! for if he were forty years old when he 
edited Shakspcare, he must have received the first 
rudiments offiis education in the reign of tho maid- 
en queen ;) and thus egregiously ignorant (igno- 
rant, by tho bye, where Shakspeare himself was 
ignorant, for his Twelfth Night,* the clown sa^s, 
*' If your four negative$ make your two q/ftmuUives 
— why then the worse for my friends and the better 
for my foes," &c.) but thus egrcgiously ignorant, 
instead of 

** Nor to her bed no homage do I owe.** 

tliis editor has stupidly printed, 

" Nor to her bed a homage do I owe.** 

Again, in " As you Like It," for " I cannot go m 
further," this blockhead of an editor has substituted 
'<! can go no further." In "Much Ado about 
Nothing,'^ for 

*< There will she hide her 
To lidien our purpoM.** 

this corrupting editor has presumed to relieve the 
halting metro by printing,— 

''There will she hide her 
To ItJiten to our purpose." 

In these instances, I feel convinced that the editor is 
right, and consequently that the critic is tho block- 
head who is wrong. 'In what fuliows also, I am 
decidedly of opinion that the scale inclines in favour 
of the former of these deadly oppositcs. The double 
comparative is common in the plavs of Shakspcare, 
says Malone : — true, as I am willing to allow ; but 
always, as I am persuaded, in consequence of the 
illiteracy or the carelessness of the first trar. scriber : 
for why should Shakspeare write more ai »maloiit 
English than Spenser, Daniel, Hooker, and • aconT 
or why in his plays should he ha emlty c bi'.rbCiP 

• Ictv. 


rmai with which Uiaw poamt of hit,* lligl virrc 
prndsd imilarhia awn immsduti avi:, &rc ikUii£c- 
thatuBMuaadT But, HUbli^inglTir double roni- 
pmlin u ODD or the tKCuliu- uHnnalies of SImk- 
Bpetn*! fnmmar, Ualaaa procevda to arratgo ihc 
■nlbniuww editm u a crimuial, Tor juhatiuiung, w 
■ Bun^a of Corioluui, nun uvthji ("t a<Bt u^- 
d^; in OlhcUo— Ibr, "opinion, ■ luvirrlgii am- 

ftcTfrowi d nn (qTe >oica of. ;ou ; " and, in liiinv 

MOn ricAr to di^fy Ihli to the doclor,'^ ^'Youi 
wiadoQ ihouTd ihow ilaelfinorf rich to siffnify Iha u 
the doctor." Need I oipnu mj convicLion ll.ut \, 

w^ ^^l^^fell from °Sli>lupevs' I \''n1 ' C nn ! 

ba doubtad *1» lliU tha editor ii Oi: cur in hi: 

Briulini of the fbllowing puiage u: " A iMidtLim- 
mar Nj^'i Drauo}" At adoptod by Al^lonc i 

" ttiwlll I (TOW, ■) lire, 10 1 
En I will rbld my 'Irffn pa 

couuy to the ihjlhra. Malona*a liM u^ 

The ne>t ehufCi hno^l aguntt tha editor, mtj 
be iiill more euilr repelled. In n Botad pann 
of Macbeth— ' 

"I would while il WH nnlUng In my faea 
Have pluck'd mj nJpple froDi fu booeleaa fama. 
And duh'd ihe mint out, had I ao awoni 
Ai ymi hare done to Ihli.'' 

"Not peReiiiiv," ia ji Halsne, " that 'fworo' 
wai died ai a diHyllable," (tho deril it waaT) 
" He (the editor) readi < tad [ iut to iwoin,' "— 
much aa we think, to the adTanfagv of the acoaa 
aa well aa of the metre : and njpplying, aa we coa^ 
ceiTB, the very word which BbaJupcarr '""■' """ 

Vnlo hti lordihlp, n 

pn patrut up 

b* nrt^-and, without th 
of the prepoaidan, the t- 
Aa il ia publiihed b; ths t 

" Bo will 1 (TOW, toliTe, Kidle, InTlur^, 

El« I will yield ray Ttr^n paleni up 

Vnlo hii lordihlp, U whoee Kniniilf yots 

Kire*! metre and rhythm. In "Tlic 
e,"! layi Halone, wa find, 

"What wheele, radu, ftrei ; what Onflnr 

It i> ponlble that lirei may be uaed bj Shakapeaie 
aa a dinylUble, Ihouzh I cannot eaiily peiauade 
uyieir that, olherwiie than u a monoiyllable, it 
would laliiiy an ear, attuned aa wae hu, to the 

u a diHyllable by Ihe rapid end careleii bard ; 

Shakipeare did noi leave the line in quaidon ai 
Halone haa adopted il, and that same vrord hai 

acribcr. In the next inatancc, from Juliui Ceiar, 
I Ggel wiured that the editor ia right, aa hia aup- 

• Inhli"VtnuiandAdonlt,"aiidhii"RBpeorLu. 

UitM Sonntu. pHnled rrom coma MSs!, end ha doubl 

bartnimuanomaW "The PuaionauFllnim/'uid 
*■ The Lovers Complaliu," are, alao, free rmm them. 
IPorier and Juvrr may eomeilinEi occur In theae po- 
enu; buttht Ian oriheKlnpropriedci will occaeioiially 
find a place In Lhe page armodem compoirlilon. In ibe 
" [tape or Lucreca,** itia only anomaly oT tbe double 
n^adve, which I feaTa been able u dlK»ver, li the fol- 

" She lODCbl aa anknown balu, wr laar^ no hooka," 
and the aajne Improprleiy may be found In three or Todt 
naun lha« few paaHfta to paibci framniar. 

jr Poet » 

of the Eranacriber a 

a pratpnged aoond 

jrd of two avHablei."— No! 
impoeaible ! Our Poet might, occaaionally, b« gtrihj 

■criber might famish him with one : but nerci 
could be uae " chami " aa a word of two ayllahlM. 
Wa feel, therefore, obliged by Ihe edltor'a aupptr 
ing an irapeHect lino in '' The Tempaal," wii the 
vary personal pronoun which, il it otir panna ai oay 
wia at lint iniericd by Bhalupeare. In tha moM 
■nodem ediliona, Ihe line in qneatioii atanda ■ 
" Cuned he I that did ao I all tha channL" ftc, 
liut tha aecond folio reada with unqueationaUe pro 
nrioty,"Cunedbe!thal Jdi 

with fire, aire, fcc, and aa il , 

with reference to tha Gne ear oT Shahapatre, J 
think moat improbable, that il might (omefiuaa U 
made to occupy the place of two ayllablaB, I ahill 

eaa OTor the inHance from "Richardn."inwhicfc 
alone Irimopha, though without cauie, over hh 
ad.enarj; ai I "hall alao pais over that frscb 
"All') Well thai End'a Well," in which a defisc- 
live line ha> been happily supplied by our e<tilor, 

employed at a diaByllable. In the firat part ol 
« Henry VI. " <■ Rescued ia Orleans from the Ea(- 
lish," If prolonged by Ihe editor with a syUdile 

rant that Ihe word, ' Enjiliah,' wai used aa a tri- 
lyllable. Accarding_lo him the line is-^Reaeu(4 

i* Oilea 

ni from Ihe Bneliah uolva." Wa reioica 

at Ihii 

result of the 

wish to 

:now who is 

there wh 

' Engli. 

Il ■ waa prono 

meed, by 

Bhakapeare or bin 


or«ies,'^a. £ 



wiih th 

ree syllable. 



s' waa used u 






to know 

lion of au 

but the 


e taught Iha moat 

■hing.,) this 

editor inatetd d* 


Charlea, Burgundy." 






In Ihe neil instance, I must confcsv myaelf to h* 
ignorant of Malone's mnsning. "Astrwa beinc 
ujed," he aaya " as a word of^ttm >yl!ableE," (1 
eonctode that he intended to say, »i a word otfirr 
iytlables, Ihe diphthong being dialylically separated 
inio ila component parts, and Ihe word wrillen and 

iTEa'a daughter," th'e editor has giiea "Divineal 
creature, Irighl Aslna'i daughter."— Shamel««a 
inleroolalion ) Not aware thai i aura ' ia uaed «• ■ 
diaiyllaUe, this grand corrupter of SI 
leil has Bobstituled, "Gloiler, well i 
ibar coat, be lure," (w " Gtoater, we'll 
CMt, be sure."— Once more, and lo t 



■a lh« liiw BMDCtioDail brMiknia, ' vm«,* Imdj^ 
oaad, ■■ tw UHiM, (w » iUi/Dabls, (uma » dk- 
«]rUu>lB I) ilw HcoBd CiUa pr«unu lu wiib— 
••AddiDiDuiiB, Tlavlou^ HiiUi ruliar.'' 
I hftTT nid eaon^ lo canriaca nf mdin of thf 
blait; of Iba chuwe* of itupidilj uid crou ipr^ 
raocA, bnufkt bj Malooe aninit tha editor of l]i.s 
■«eood Ibliv ediUod of our roit'i dtmiiAtio work^. 

be i> fraqoeoIlT ii|ht, and ni luauiiilioiuUjrciiii. 
Tanaal, lot Malooa aiaeit irhal bo pJaiHi, wi' 
fcia taOmt'l Uugoafa and malni. 11 naa di 
tberefcn, vitlwul tmaia, IW StaaTani bald hii 1 

UKHbar ni progected; and Ihat R 
adaquUg to the cFuau of CHukipeir* 

n, the GoQducf of it waj placed, ia 
■---' — »-L-:-- IB ihe handa of Pop*, 


Pops vhfnvsd biiAHir niar« con 
cf hu luk, and mora bjihful in hia cieeutioa of 
it tfaux hia pradecoaaor. Ho diacLoaad lo tha pub* 
lio the terjr fimlly atats of hia author'a toil, and 
■nifflsted ifaa proper maana cf raatofinf '■' - ^- 

ooRmoiI nuuiT of the aari" ---"■' ■"■- 

a conuiooa wan not luffioeallr eg 

•s; tod bo indulged, pcriwpa, Hnaiilwl 

laeh in coajactt 

Ulble nlleclar oTIkeu: hia iudualr/ waa indcrui- 
gahle: hia raaearclKa wera dsep: bia pursuit uj' 
■nth na aincera and ardeU i but he wanted Uk 
talania uid the tails of a critic; and of all Ibe eUi- 
tan, bj wboDi SliakapcarB hu luflcrvdf I edu^e 
esnaider bim aa the moil pgmkiaua. Noitber Itiv 
■■dulled baej of Pope, nor Iba Ibndneia tot inno- 
- — '^ — ^ "-^aoi^ HOC tbe aironnt and headJotiB 
e of Warburton baa indicted aia^i 
oDIho teU of Shakipaare.aalheai- 
ii nt MiloBe. BubariiDi 

of the eariior ediliona, and be '-'-aied 
the pen of Bbakapeaie froa muif of iU delbrmi- 

ti«: but hia colluiona ware iMWiuffir'—' ■- 

ndulged, pcriwpa, ■ 

iTiTmi iMTntiHatti* Thia expoeed 

I of Ibe petlir and Binula critka J 

, he ia aaid to hare contracted Ihikl ao- 

bnl criticiam, which actuated him during 

lina dayi of hia life. Hia edition iru 

ibliahedin ihejearlTU. Before thia waa undgr- 

alnlitiea and of 

IherearlTM. B. 
taken, Theobald, l nan of no freat anuuea aua oi 
iittje learmng, had Projected the reBtoralion of 
Shalupean : but hii labiura had been auapended, 
or their roaull had been withheld from (be prrv, 
till the laiue of Pope'a alloinpt waa aaeeruined bT 
ill accompUibnienl, md publication. The Shall- 
qware of Theobald'a editing wu Mt giTon lo Ibe 
world liafbre tbe jear 1TS3 ; wbon it oMuned more 
of tbe puUic regard than ita muatrioua predeceaaoTf 
in conaeqnpnce of ita bemg drawn froanaoBewhal 

- r - L ■ ;~ ;:■ "L" i I't i . j"" widerSeWcfeollation; nndafitaleiafreauont anj 

ihjUundof hiM«lbeh*eliwbare«rhBlreada, preaumnluoua aJnuaaion of eooieetnre. Theobald, 
In prw«rfA« thud Uld the fourth rol.Qed,t.Q,„ Sd,^'did not whoUt abalain fiw conieclure7 
*'?J'-J?''"^J^™^P™11 "T'^il"',?'?!*'' •"" ""' P-l" "f conjectural criticiam waa placed 
Udl«8G,D<>dun| can ta «lranced Eacfiof the... „„h tooTii^h for ihc r.«:h of hia hand. 
.*l»MU»licillyfonoweditaunmod«ieprede«- To Theohjd, ae an ediior of 8h»»ro, aue- 
•^and, tdopung an lU errors uict«a«aihem :., ^^^ SirThomM Hta-xvt, »hB,iB ITWipubliab. 
O fcghUU accumulaiion with lU own. Wiih tJ„ ^ , .uperb edition of Ibe (reaidr»mati.t foniibe 
ie^ of Sfaakapeare m thi. duorder, the public „i ^^ ^Oiford. But Hanmer, building hi* work 
IliiUui roaaiDed aati^ed during many jeai.. gn Ihal of Pope, and indulginiin Ihe wildeil and 
ir.« the period of hu. death he had nol cnfcrc. ., ,„„„ wunonTnoralion^ Jeprirod bu edition of 
* " "^IW^ '^-'^-^ ^'- r.'^"-"'^"^ ' ■ »" Pfele^™ to uUbenlicily, and, cooaequenllr, to 

--■ -.i..nAn..i.iL .1 r..«rt .«-..« 11 ■ .. ,. . ■ ..-, . ' wamurtoo ! -aoee 

... . .0 n«. It failed of 

re indeed waiagajri .ucceM; for, conceiiing that tha editor inlcadecl lo 
! oftne nciouB laaii; , nul,o hii author hii ibowcan lo ethibil hia erudi- 
ireudered lo anI.^ ||ioo and iolellecluil Dower, Iho public quiclil; nag- 

aaterv waa held bj Drj-din, with many "lubordi- 1 cuUlioB,''lh^eh aome'onu'proBoE^^.ubilUotioM 
Ite^dunnga long ■u'""™ of yeari. Through- , „„,, b, ,,|o„ed ,o bo happy, and aome of ila ei 
" _"_"u- ^"^l I Jl^f^'S' ""f l"'y f/- planationi lo be juiL 

Aller an inlirral of eighteen jean, Shakipeara 
obtained once more an editor of great name, and 
■eeminfflr in arery way accompliahed lo aaaert the 
right! ofbii author. In I7g£ Doctor Samuel John 
aon preaented the world with hia long-promiaed 

tion, which had been hi^hir raiaed, waa again 
doomed to be diaappoioled. Jobnaoo had a powai^ 
ful intellect, and waa perfectly cooTenant with hu- 
man life; but he waa not luKciently vened in 
black-leller lote ; anil, deficient in poetic lute, he 
waa utiable to accotnpany our great bard in tbe 
higher fli^^ta of hia imagination. T^e public m 
, uTPuiuui lu III. ^ tfeneral were nol aatiafied with hia eommenlary rt% 
ilioD, uwler till' bii tFil : hot lo hit preface they gare the moat un 
I appearance u, Umiled applauie. The array and gliller of ita 
_.. Tinli- worda: the reaular and pompoua march of ita pf 

. .... .... L..,.:._?"__..__l"-._r_.,„.^J„^„„^ 

^ ^ Shirley, Ford, &c. got potap 

Iho ilAge, and retained it till it ceaaed to i 
dcr Ibe [Hiriun domination. On the reilo 
Ibe monarchy in ISfiO, i 

wnoii perKia, ouaupeare wai 
goflen by hii ungraleRil or blinded coun^ 

and hia glory, reiling in purple and gold upon iIir 
lall-tuDniilB, obtained the homage ola lelect band 
of hi* woraliippeti : but it waa itiU hidden Ircni 

perfect edition of them becan 

ing from the high and 

hid imitcrtaken, lelectcd, raoit unfortunate 

hia model, the laat and the wont of the foli 

tiovs ; and, without collaling either of the £i 

fblioi or any of the earlier quartoi, he gave to tjir meaning; the int 

jinppointed public a Iranicript much loo eiaci i,f aure ; the liiliiitT 

the inpare leit which lay opened ■ - " - -' 

Gome rvf ill groiaer orrvn^ nowerer, hi 

and ho prelucd to hia edition a ihoh 

Ibe life of bii author ; which, meagre 

o hav 

withdrawn from 

uiona] po.cny of 

y of ita pruH uid cen- 


cei of lit critical 

d then eten with 




^1 ; reapect to compoaiti 
<>r andBeavoD forbid i 
kly It giiei a right riow of the dilticuJtiea lo bo < 

, lUc lered by the editor of Shakapeare; it ipea 

hocmphy ^t we jwiseai of our mighly bard. doitly of tumaeli; and candidly of thOH w 

Ot tha bimre of Uita edili(■^ tnsr tbe pan*a of precaded him ia tbe Mill n^Kh h» «U lit 


It Mfignf to Pope, Homier, and Warbuiton, those 
▼ietiiiui to tho rage of the minute critics, Uieir due 
proportion of praise : it is honourably Just, in short, 
to ul, who come within the scope or its obsenra- 
tions, with the exception of the editor's great au- 
thor alone. To him also the editor gires abundant 
praise : but against it he arrays such a frightful 
Dost or censure as to command tho field ; and to 
leave us to wonder at our admiration of an object 
so little worthy of it, thoush he has been followed 
by the admiration of more than two entire centories. 
But Johnson was of a detracting and doroeating 
spirit. He looked at mediocrity with kindness : 
but of proud superiority he was impatient ; and he 
always seemed pleasca to bring doym the roan of 
the ethereal soul to the roortal of mere clay. His 
maxim seems eridently to have been that, which 
was recommended by the Roman poet to his coun- 

** rarcere subjectis et debellare superbos." 

In the pre-emmence^f intellect, when it was imme- 
diately in his view, there was something which ex- 
cited his spleen : and he exulted in its abasement. 
In his page, " Shakspeare, in his comic scenes, is 
soldom successful when he engages his characters 
in reciprocations of smartness and contests of sar- 
casm : their jests are commonly gross, and their 
pleasantry licentious. In tragedy^ his performance 
neems to ne constantly worse as his labour is more. 
The effusions of passion, which exigence forces out, 
are, for the mogt partf striking ana energetic : but 
whoever he solicits his invention or strains his 
faculties, the offspring of his throes is tumour, 
meanness, tediousness, and obscurity ! In narra- 
tion he affects a disproportionate pomp of diction, 
and a wearisome tram of circumlocution, &c. &c. 
His declamations or set speeches are commonly 
cold and weak, for his power vxu the power of 
jPfaiure I when he endeavoured, like other tragic 
writers, to catoh opportunities of amplification ; 
and, instead of inquiring what the occasion demand- 
ed, to show how much his stores of knowledge 
could supply, he seldom escapes without the pity 
or resentment of his reader 7'' " But the admirers 
of this great poet have never less reason to indulge 
their hopes of supreme excellence, than when he 
seems ftuly resolved to sink them in dejection, and 
mollify them with tender emotions by the fall of 
greatness, the danger of innocence, or tho crosses 
of love. He is not long sod and pathetic without 
some idle conceit or contemptible equivocation. He 
no sooner moves than he counteracts himself; and 
terror and pity, as they are rising in the mind, are 
checked ana blasted with sudden frigidity !" The 
egreffious editor and critic then proceeds to con- 
found his author with his last and most^serious 
diarge, that of an irreclaimable attachment to the 
offence of verbal conceit. This charge tho editor 
illustrates and enforces, to excite our attention and 
to make an irresistible assault on our assent, with 
a variety of figurative and magnificent allusion. 
First, "a quibble is to Shakspeare, what luminous 
vapours (a Will o* tlie wisp) are to travellers : he 
follows it at all adventures : it is sure to lead him out 
of his way, and sure to ingulf him in the mire. It 
has some malignant power over his mind, and its 
fascinations are irresistible," &c. It then becomes 
a partridge or a pheasant : for " whatever be the 
dignity or the orofundity or his disquisition. &c &c. 
let but a quibble spring up htfore him and he leaves 
his work unfinished.*' It next is the golden apple 
of Atalanta: — '*A (quibble is to Shaxspearo the 
golden apple for which he %vill always turn aside 
vom his career, or stoop from his elevation. A 
craibble« poor and barren as it is, gave him such 
delight that he was content to purchase it at the 
aacnftce of reason, propriety^ and truth ;" and, 
lastly, the meteor, the bird of^game, and the golden 
u>ple are converted into the renowned queen of 
Egypt : for " a quibble is to him (Shakspeare) 
tht fatal Cleopatra, for which he lost the world, 

and was content to kwe it !" Shakmare loeKlW 
world ! He won it in an age of inteUectnal ciaato 
— the Anakims of mind were then in the land; 
ahd in what succeeding period has he loot it 7 Bvt| 
not to take advantage or an idle frolic of the edJh 
tor's miagination, can the things be which he aa- 
serts 7 Can the author, whom he thus dei 

be the man, whom the greater Jonson, of < 
reign, hails as, "The pride, the ioy, the wonder 
of the age f" No ! it is impossible ! and if we 
come to a close examination of what oar prefiboe 
writer has here alleged against his autnor, of 
which I have transcribed only a part, we diaU 
find that one half of it is false, and one, some ■ 
thing very like nonsense, disguised in a garb of tin 
sel embroidery, and coverea, as it moves atatelilf 
along, with a doud of words : — 

Infert se septus nebula, mirabile dictn, 

Per medios, miscetque viris neque cemitur aOI 

To discover the falsity or the inanity of the ideaa, 
which strut in our editor's sentences a^gainat the 
fame of his author, we have only to strip them of 
the diction which envelopes them ; and then, with 
a Shakspeare in our hands, to confront them, in 
their nakedness, with the truth as it is manifested 
in his page. But we have deviated from cor 
straight path to regard our editor as a critic in his 
preface, when wo ought, perhaps, to consider him 
only in his notes, as a commentator to explain tfie 
obscurities ; or, as an experimentalist 1^ assay 
the errors of his author's text. As an unfbMor ot 
intricate and perplexed passages, Johnson mnst 
be allowed to excel. His explanations are always 
perspicuous ; and his proffered amendments of* a 
corrupt text are sometimes succcssfuL Bat the 
expectations of the world had been too highly 
raised to bo satisfied with his performance ; ana 
it was only to the most exceptionable part ef it, 
the mighty preface, that they ^ve their unminglcd 
applause. In the jenr following the publication of 
Johnson's edition, in 1766, George Steevensmade 
his first appearance as a commentator on Shak- 
speare ; and he showed himself to be deeply con- 
versant with that antiquarian reading, of which his 
predecessor had been too ignorant. In 1768, an 
edition of Shakspeare was eivcn to the public by 
Capell ; a man rondly attached to his author, but 
much too weak for the weighty task which he un- 
dertook. He had devoted a lar^e portion of hi:i 
life to the collection of his materials : he was an 
industrious collator, and all the merit, which he 
possessor, must be derived from the extent and 
the fidelity of his collations. In 1773 was pub- 
lished an edition of our dramatist by the associa- 
ted labours of Johnson and Steuvens ; and this 
edition, in which were united the native powers 
of the former, with the activity, the sagacity, and 
the antiquarian learning of the latter, still forms 
the standard edition for the publishers of our Poet. 
In 1790 Malone entered the lists against them as 
a competitor for the editorial palm. AAer this 
publication, Malone seems to have devoted the 
remaining years of his life to the studies requisite 
for tlie illustration of his author ; and at his death 
he bcqucatiied the voluminous papers, which he 
had prepared, to his and my friend, James Boe- 
wcU, the younger sou of the biographer of John 
son ; and by Him these papers were published in 
twenty octavo volumes, just before tne close of 
his own valuable life. That the fund of Sbak- 
spearian information has been enlarged by this 
publication, cannot reasonably be doubted : that 
the text of Shakspeare has been injured by it. may 
confidently be asserted. As my opinion oi^ Ma- 
lone, as an annotator on Shakspeare, has been 
already expressed, it would be superfluous to re- 
peat it. His storesof antiquarian Knowledge were 
at least equal to those of Stcevens : but he was 
not equally endowed by Nature with that popular 
commentator : Malone^s intellect was unquestion* 
ably of a siibordiiiate class. He could collect and 


Imt he eoold not combine and arraoge. 
wmJc MicBer imder heavy armour^ he is 
bj hb means of safety and tnumph. 
Le aiiika braeatfa his knowledge, and cannot pro* 
iktmiAy use it. The weakness of his judgment de- 
prived the resnh of his indnstir of its proper effect. 
He aots on a lidit principle of criticism : but, 12- 
noruit of its ri^ application, he emplojs it for 
the purposes of error. He was not, m short, 
Ibnned of the eostly materials of a critic ; and no 
%boiir, against the inhibition of Nature, could 
fhshioB hun into a critic His page is pregnant 
with mfbrmation : but it is thrown into so many 
inrolulioas and tan^es, that it is lifter labour to 
work it oat of the original quarry dian to select it 
amid the ctwfusion in which it is thus brought to 
TOUT hand. If any copy of indisputable auUiority 
nad been in existence, Malone would have produced 
a iao-nmile of it. and would thus, indeed, have been 
an adsDirable etutor of fans author, for not a prepo- 
sition, a oopulative, a particle, a comma to be (bund 
in his origmal, would have been out of its place in 
his transcript. But no such authentic copy of 
Shakspeare could be discovered ; and someUiing 
more than diligence and accuracy was required in 
his editor : ana to nothing more than diligence and 
accuracy could Malone's very humble and circum- 
scribed abilities aspire. Attaching, therefore, fie- 
titiotis authority to some of the earlier copies, he 
followed them with conscientious precision j and, 
disdairatng all emendatory criticism, he rejoiced in 
his Sdelity to the errors of the first careless or illi- 
terate transcriber. He closed the long file of the 
editors <^ Shakspeare. But although no formal 
editor or commentator has hitherto appeared to 
sopply the place left vacant by Malone, yet does 
the importance of our bard continue to excite the 
■an m talents to write in his cause, and to refresh 
the wreath of fiune, which tias hung for two centu- 
ries on his tomb. On this occasion I must adduce 
Ae mune of Skottowe, a gentleman who has recently 
^tified Che public with a life of Shakspeare, invol- 
ving a variety of matter respecting him, in a style 
eminent lor its compression and its neatness. To 
Mr. Skottowe I must acknowledge my especial 
•biigations, for not infrequently relieving me from 
the prolixities and the perplexities of Malone ; and 
sometimes for giving to me information in a com- 
pewfions and lucid form, like a jewel set in the 
rich simplicity of gold. 

When I speak of Malone as the last of the editors 
ef Shakspeare, I speak, of course, wiUi reference 
to the time at which I am writing, when no later 
editor has shown himself to the world. But when' 
I am placed before the awful tribunal of the Public, 
a new Editor of our great dramatist will stand by 
say side : who, whilst I can be only a suppliant for 
pardon, may justly be a candidate for praise. With 
Mr. Sf HOBm, the editor in question, I am personally 
anacqoainted ; and till a period, long subsequent to 

a completion of the littie task which I had under- 
en, I had not seen a line of his Shakspearian 
illustrations. But, deeming it right to obtam some 
knowledge of the gentleman, who was bound on 
die same voyage of adventure, in the same vessel 
with myself I have since read tlie far greater part 
of his commentary on my author ; and it would be 
unjust in me not to say, that I have found much in it 
Co applaud, and very litttle to censure. Mr. Singer's 
antiquarian learning is accurate and extensive : his 
critical sagacity is considerable ; and his judgment 
generally approves itself to be correct. He enters 
on the field with the strength of a giant : but with 
the diffidence and the humility of a cnikL We 
sometimes wish, indeed, that his humility had been 
less : finr he is apt to defer to inferior men, and to 
be satisfied with fi>Uowing when he is privileged 
to lead. Hb explanations of his author are fire- 
qncatly happy; and sometimes they illustrate a 
p— sag e, which had been left in unregarded dark- 
Mess by the commentators vrho had proceed him. 
The sole fault of these explanatory notes (if such 
Msdeed can be deemed a fault) is their redundancy ; 

and their recurrence in cases were their aid seema 
to be unnecessary. Mr. Singer and I may occa- ^ 
sionally differ in our opinions respecting tnc text, 
which he has adopted : but, in these instances <^ 
our dissent, it is fully as probable that I may be 
wrong as he. I feel, m short, confident, on the 
whole, that Mr. Singer is now advancing, not to 
claim, (for fsolotm is mconsistcnt with his modesty,) 
but to obtain a high place among the editors of 
Shakspeare ; and to have his name enrolled with 
the names of those who have been the chief bene- 
factors of the reader of our transcendent Poet. 

We have now seen, from Uie first editorial at- 
tempt of Rowe, a whole century exoited by the 
greatness of ^ one man, and sending forth its most 
ambitious spirits, from the man of genius down to 
the literary mecnanic, to tend on him as the vas- 
sals of his royalty, and to illustrate his magnifi 
cence to the world. Has this excitement had an 
adequate cause 7 or has it been only the frenzy of 
the times, or a sort of meteorous exhalation from 
an idle and over^exuberant soil 7 Let us examine 
our great |)oet, and dramatist, with the eye of im- 
partial criticism ; and then let the result of our 
examination form the reply to these interrogatories 
of doubu 

Shakspeare took his stories from any quarter, 
whence they were offered to him: from Italian 
novels : firom histories ; from old story-books ; 
from old plays ; and even from old ballads. In one 
instance, and in one alone, no prototype has been 
found for his fiction ; and the whole of*^" The Tem- 
pest," from its first moving point to the pleni- 
tude of its existence, must be admitted to be the 
offspring of his wonderful imagination.* But 
whence soever he drew the first suggestion of his 
story, or whatever mif^ht be its origuial substance, 
he soon converts it into an ima^e of ivory and 

gold, like that of the Minerva of Phidias ; and then, 
eyond the efficacy of the sculptor's art, he brcaUies 
into it the breath of life. This, indeed, is spoken 
only of his tragedies and comedies : for his histories, 
as they were first called, or hisitorical dramas, arc 
transcripts from the page of Hall or Hollingshead : 
and, in some instances, are his workings on old 
plays, and belong to him no otherwise than as he 
imparted to them the powerful delineation of cha- 
racter, or enriched them with some exquisite scenes. 
These pieces^ however, which affect not Uie com- 
bination of a fable ; bu^ wrought upon the page of 
the chronicler or of the elder dramatist, follow tho 
current of events, as it flows on in historic succes- 
sion, must be made the first subjects of our re- 
marks ; and we will then pass to those dramas, 
which are more properly and strictly his own. To 
these hbtorical plays, tfien, whatever may be their 
original materials, the power of the Poet has com- 
municated irresistible attraction ; not, as Samuel 
Johnson would wish us to believe, ** by being not 
long soft or pathetic without some idle conceit or 
contemptible equivocation:" not "by checking 
and blasting terror and pity, as they are rising in 
the mind J with sudden frigidity," but by the strong- 
est exertions of the highest poetry ; and by com- 
manding, with the royalty of genius, every avenue 
to the human heart, ^or the truth of what we 
assert, we will make our appeal to the frantic and 
sonl-piercing lamentations or Constance in " King 
John ;" to the scene between that monarch and 
Hubert ; and between Hubert and young Arthur ; 
to the subsequent scene between Hubert and his 
murderous sovereign, when the effects of the re- 
ported death of Artnur on the populace are de« 
scribed, and the murderer qiiarrels with his agent . 
to the scene, finally, in wnich the king dies, ini 
which concliides the play. 

For the evidence of tne power of our great Poet 
we might appeal also to many scenes and dcscrip 
tions even in "Richard IL ;" though of all h> 
historical dramas this, peibaps, is the least instinct 

* This, perhaps, may be affirmed also of " A Mid 
summer If ighi*s Dream *> 


with •mmatioa, and the Ie«at attractive with dra- 
matic interest. Of '* Richard IL" we maj tajr 
with filr. Skottowe, that, " though it is an ezouisite 
poem, it is an indinbrentplaj.*' But in the drama 
w^iich, in its historic order, succeeds to it, we re- 
ceive an ample compensation for any failure of the 
dramatist in " Richard IL*' In every page of *' Henry 
nr.,*^ both the serious and the comic, Shakspeare " is 
himself again ;*' and our fancy 'is either elevated 
or amused without the interruption of a single dis- 
cordant or uncharacteristic sentimenL Worcester, 
indeed, says, 

<* And His no little reason bids us speed 
To save our heads by raising of a liesd," 


and is thus guilty of a quibble ; an offence of which 
the Prince, on two occasions, shows himself to be 
capable; once when he sees Falstaff apparently 
dead on the field of Shrewsbury ; and once when, 
OD his accession to the throne, he appoints his 
fiither's Cliief Justice to a continuance in his high 
office : and these, as I believe, are the sole in- 
stances of our Poet's dalliance with his Cleopatra, 
fbr whose love he was content to lose the world, 
throughout the whole of the serious parts of this 
long and admirable drama. 

The succeeding play of " Henry V." bears noble 
testimony to the poetic and the dramatic supremacy 
of Shakspeare : to the former, more especially in 
its tliree fine choruses, one of them serving as the 
prologue to the play, one opening the third act, and 
one describing the night preceeding the battle of 
Agincourt : to the latter, in every speech of the 
King's, and in the far greater part of the re m ai nin g 
dialogue, whether it oe comic or tragic '* Henry 
v.," nowcver, is sullied with some weak and silly 
scenes : and, on the whole, is certainly inferior in 
dramatic attraction to its illustrious predecessor. 
But it is a very fine production, and far — far above 
the reach of any other English writer, who has been 
devoted to the service of Uie stage. 

Of " Henry VL," that drum and trumpH thing, na 
it has happily been called by a man of genius,'^ who 
ranged himself with the advocates of Shakspeare, I 
•haU not take any notice on the present occasion, 
as the three parts of this dramatized history are 
nothing more than three old plays, corrected by the 
handd* Shakspeare, and hero and tiiere illustrious 
with the fire-drops wliich fell fi-om his pen. Though 
we consider them, therefore, as possessing much 
attraction, and as disclosing Shalcspcare m their 
outbreaks of fine writing, and in their strong cha- 
racteristic portriature, we shall now pass them by to 
proceed without delay to their dramatic successor, 
»* Richard HI." Of "Richard II.," fine as it oc- 
casionally is in poetry, and rich in sentiment and 
pathos, we have remarked that, with reference to 
the other productions of its great author, it was low 
in the scale of merit. In **Richard 11.^* he found 
an insufficient and an unawakcning subject for his 
genius, and it acted drowsily, and as if it were half 
asleep : but in the third Richard there was abun- 
dant excitement for all its powers ; and the victim 
of Tudor malignity and calumny rushes from the 
scene of our mighty dramatist in all the black effi- 
ciency of the demoniac tyrant. Besides Sir Tho- 
mas Morc's history of Richard of Gloster, our Poet 
had the assistance, as it seems, of a play upon the 
same subject, which had been popular before he 
began his career upon the stage. Adhering ser- 
vilely neither to the historian nor to the old drama- 
tist, Shakspeare contented himself with selecting 
from each of them such parts as wore suited to his 
purpose; and with the materials thus obtained, 
compounded with others supplied by his own inven- 
tion, he has produced a drama, wliich cannot be 
read in the closet, or seen in its representation on 
the ttage without the strongest aigitation of the 
mind. The character of Richard is drawn with 

* The late Mr. Maurice Morgann; who wrote an 
l4«mrw oaaay ou the dramatic character of FalsiaiL 

inimitable effect ; and m the niBor ^jUiM of tWM> 
ecution of the drama, ther« ia nochmg aaoBf aH 
the creations of poetry more i^adid and tamfie 
than the dream of Clarence. But this nobla e&rt 
of the tragic power is not altogether fcnltlsM. 
Some of its scenes, as not promoting tha aelioB d 
the drama, are superfluous and even t a di oi ; and 
the violation of history, for the purpoaa of introda* 
cing the deposed queen, Margaret, upon the aUgai 
may reasonablv be censured. I am not certaa, 
however, that I shouU be satisfied to reaagn her oa 
the requisition of truth. Her curaea are thril1in|, 
and their fiilfilment is awfuL Shakspeare, as A 
may be remaiked, has accumulated uncoaunicted 
crimes on the head of the devoted Richard. By 
the historian, this monarch is cleared of the deatha 
of Clarence and of Anne, his wife : to the Utter of 
whom he is said to have approved himeelf an aflee- 
tionate husband ; whilst tne murder of darenee 
is imputed to the intrigues of the relatkins of hie 
sister-in-law, the queen, ffis hand certainly did 
not shed the blood of the pious Henry ; and even 
his assassination of the two illegitimate aoaa of hie 
brother^ Edward, is supported by very questkn- 
able evidence, for there is reason to itunk that the 
eldest of these young princes walked at his imde'a 
coronation; and Umt the youngest eacaped to 
meet his death, under the name of Peikin Warbedu 
firom the hand of the first Tudor. Byt the scene of 
Shakspeare has stamped deraer and more indelible 
deformity on the memory of^ the last sovernni ol 
the house of York, than all the sycophants of the 
Tudors had been we to impress ; or than all that 
the impartiality, and the acute researdi of the mo- 
dem historian nave ever had the power to erase. 
We are certain that Ricliard possessed a lawfid 
title to the throne which he filled : that he was a 
wise and^patriotic sovereign : that his death was a 
calamity to his country, which it sunrendered to a 
race of usurpers and t^rrants^ who trampled on its 
liberties, and stained its sod with much ianocem 
and ricn blood : — to that cold-blooded murderer 
and extortioner, Henry YIL— to that monster 6t 
cruelty and lust, his ferocious s<m : to the sangni 
nary and ruthless bigot, Mary : to the despotic and 
unamiable Elizabeth ; the murderess of a smipliant 
queen, of kindred blood, who had fled to her for 
protection. Sudi was the result of Bosworth's 
field, preceded^ as it was on the stage of Shak" 
speare, by visions of bliss to Richmond, and by 
visions or terror to Richard. But Shakspeare wrote 
with all the prejudices of a partisan of the Tudors : 
iuid at a time also when it was still expedient to 
flatter that detestable family. 

His next task was one of yet greater difficulty :— 
to smooUi down the rugged features of the eighth 
Henry, and to plant a wreath on the brutal and 
blood-stained brow of the odious father of Eliza- 
beth. This task he has admirably executed, and 
without offering much violation to the truth or his- 
tory. He has judiciously limited his scene to that 
period of the tyrant^s reign in which the more dis- 
gusting deformlitics of his character had not yet 
been revealed — to the death of Catharine, the fall 
of Wolsey, and the birth of Elizabeth : and the 
crowned savage appears to us only as the generous, 
the munificent, the magnanimous monarch, striking 
down the proud, and supporting with a strong arm 
the humble ana the oppressed. But the whole 
pathos and power of the scene are devoted to Ca- 
tharine and Wolsey. On these two characters the 
dramatist has expended all his force ; and our pity 
is inseparably attached to them to the last moment 
of their lives. They expire, indeed, bedewed with 
our tears. Of this, the last of Shakspeare*s dra- 
matic histories, it may be remarked that it is wnt • 
ten in a style different from that of its predeces- 
sors : that it is less interspersed with comic scenes ; 
that in its serious parts its diction is more stately 
and formal : more elevated and figurative : that its 
figures are longer and more consistently sustained : 
that it is more rich m theatric exhibition, or in the 
spectacle, as Aristotle calb it, and by whom it ii 


Vttgurded m a eoBpoMOt nut of the drama. To 
aay aUentiva reader theee dieUiiguishiii| cliaracters 
flf tbe drMsade history of Henry YuL must be 
■yrTifiiintlj obvioos ; and we can only wonder that 
the same niad ahoukl prudoee such fine pieces as 
those cf ** Henry IV.," •< Richard m.," and 
** Henrr YHLy** each written with a pen appropri- 
ate to itseC^ and the last with a pen not employed 
in any other iaslaiiee. 

If we were to pause in this stage of our progress. 
W might confidently affirm that we had suggested 
to the minds of our readers such a mass of poetic 
and dramatic genius as would be sufficient to excite 
the (saeral interest of an intellectual and Uterarv 
people. But we are yet only in the vestibule whicn 
into the magnificence of the palace, where 
Mare is sealed on the throne of his great- 
The i^ays, which we hare hitherto been 
eonsideringy are constructed, for the most part, 
witli matenab not his own, supplied either by the 
aocieat chronicler, or by some preceding drama- 
tait ; uid are wrought up without any reference to 
jtMt essential portKm or a drama, a plot or fable. 
Bnt idien he is disengaged fnmi the incumbrances 
to which he had submitted in his histories, he as- 
aones the fidl cluuracter of the more perfect dra- 
■uUiBt ; and (tiscovers that art, for which, equally 
with the powers of his imagination, he was cele- 
brated by Ben Jonson. In some of his plays, in- 
deed, we admowledge the looseness with which his 
fthle is eombined, and the careless hurry with which 
he accelerates its close : but in the greater triumphs 
of his cenius, we find the fable artificially planned 
and solidly constructed. In/* The Mercnant of 
Tenke." in *' Romeo and Juliet,** in " Lear," in 
* Othello," and, above all, in that intellectual won- 
der, ** The Tempest," we may observe the fable 
isanaged with the hand of a master, and contribu- 
ting its effect, with the characters and the dialogue, 
to amuse, to agitate, or to surprise. In that beau- 
ttfol pastoral drama, '* As You Like It.'* the sudden 
disappearance of old Adam firom the scene has 
been a subject of regret to more than one of the 
coounentators : and Samuel Johnson wishes that 
the dialogue between the hermit, as he calls him, 
and the usurping duke, the result of which was the 
conversion oi the latter, had not been omitted on 
the stage. But old Adam had fulfilled the ourposes 
cf his dramatic existence, and it was, tnerefore, 
pteperiy closed. He had discovered his honest at- 
tacnment to his young master, and had experienced 
his Toong master's gratitude. He was brought into 
a puice of safety ; and his fortunes were now 
bleoided with those of the princely exiles of the 
ferest. There was no further part for him to act ; 
and he passed naturally from the stage, no longer 
the object of our hopes or our fears. On the sub- 
ject of S. Johnson's with respecting the dialogue 
between the old retigiauM nutn and the guilty dtue, 
we may shortly remaric, that nothing could have 
been more undramatic than the intervention of such 
a scene of dry and didactic morality, at such a 
crisis of the drama, when the minds of the audi- 
ence were healed, and hurrying to its approaching 
dose. Like Felix in the sacred history, the royal 
criminal might have trembled at the lecture of the 
Holy man : but the audience, probably, would have 
been irritated or asleep. No ! Shakspeare was 
not so i^orant of his art as to require to be in- 
structed m it by the author of Irene. 

But it was in the portraiture of the human mind : 
B the specific delineation of intellectual and moral 
man. that the genius of Shakspeare was pro-emi- 
nently conspicuous. The curious inquisition of his 
sye into the characters, which were passing beneath 
m glance, cannot be made too much the subject 
of our admiration and wonder. He saw them not 
only under their broad distinctionn, when they be- 
came obvious to the common observer ; but he 
beheld them in their nicer tints and shadincs, by 
which they are diversified, though the tone oTtheir 
ftaeral ooloorin^ may be the same. 


Aides non omnibus una ; 

Nee dlversa tamen.** 

To illustrate what I mean, let ns contemplate 
Portia. Desdemona. Imoien, Rosalind. Beatrice, 
Cordelia, and Ophelia. They are et^ually amiable 
and afi*ectionate women ; equally faithful and at- 
tached as wives, as firiends, as daughters : two of 
them, alsoy are noted for the poignancy and spariile 
of their wit : and yet can it be said that any one of 
them can be mistaken for the other ; or that a sin^e 
i^eech can with propriety be transferred from Uie 
hps of her to whom it has been assigned by her 
dramatic creator 7 The)r are all known lo us as the 
children of one family, with a general resemblance, 
and an individual d^rimination. Benedict ana 
Mercutio are both vouns men of high birth ; of 
known valour ; of playful wit. delightuii^ itself in 
pleasantry and frolic : yet are tney not distinguished 
oeyond tne possibility of their being confounded 7 
So intimately conversant is our great dramatist 
with the varieties d* human nature, that he scatters 
character, as a king on his accession scatters gold, 
among the populace ; and there is not one, perhaps, 
of his subordmatc asents, who has not his peculiar 
features and a complexion of his own. So mighty 
is our Poet as a dramatic creator, that characters 
of the most opposite description are thrown in equal 
perfection and with equal facility from his hand. 
The executive decision of Richard ; the meditative 
inefficiency of Hamlet ; the melancholy of Jaques, 
which draws subjects of moral reflecti<Mifrom every 
object around him ; and the hilarity of Mercutio, 
which forsakes him not in the very act of dying ; 
the great soul of Macbeth, maddened and bursting 
under accumulated guilt ; and " the unimitatcd and 
inimitable Falstaff,** (as he is called by S. Johnson, 
in the single outbreak <^ enthusiasm extorted from 
him by the wonders of Shakspeare's page) ro veil- 
ing in the tavern at Eastcheap, or jesting on the 
field of Shrewsbury, are all the creatures of one 
plastic intellect, and are absolute and entire in theii 
kind. Malignity and revenge constitute the foun- 
dation on which are constructed the two very dissi- 
milar characters of Shylock and lago. But there 
is something terrific and even awful m the inexora 
bility of the Jew^ whilst there is nothing but mean- 
ness in the artifices of the Yenetian standard- 
bearer. They are both men of vigorous and acute 
understandings : we hate them both ; but our ha 
tred of the former is mingled with involuntary re- 
spect ; of the latter our detestation is made more 
intensely strong by its association with contempt. 

In his representation of madness, Shakspeare 
must bo rcf arded as inimitably excellent ; and the 
picture of Uiis last degradation of humanity, with 
nature always for his model, is diversified by him 
at his pleasure. Even over the wreck of the human 
mind ne throws the variegated robe of character. 
How different is the genuine insanity of Lear from 
the assumed insanity of Edsar, with which it is 
immediately confronted ; ana how distinct, again, 
are both of these from the disorder which prevails 
in the brain of the lost and the tender Ophelia. 

In one illustrious effort of his dramatic power, 
our Poet has had the confidence to produce two 
delineations of the same perversion or the human 
heart, and to present them, at once similar and dis- 
similar, to the examination of our wondering eyes. 
In Timon and Aprmantus is exhibited the same de- 
formity of misanthropy : but in the former it springs 
from the corruption of a noble mind^ stricken and 
laid prostrate by the ingratitude of his species : in 
the latter, it b a noisome weed, germinatine from a 
bitter root, and cherished by pervrse cultivation 
into branching malignity. In eaci >f them, as the 
vice has a different parentage, so hcs it a diversified 

With such an intimacy with all the fine and sub- 
tle workings of Nature in her action on the human 
heart, it is not wonderfiil that our great dramatist 
should possess an absolute control over the pas- 
sions ; and should be able to unlock the cell of each 


of them u the iopulse of his fancy roaj direct. 
When we fullow Macbeth to the chamber of Dun- 
can : when we stand with him hy the enchanted 
caklron ; or see him, under the mfliction of con- 
science, glaring at the spectre of the bhod-bolUred 
Banquo in the possession of the royal chair, horror 
is by our side, thrilhng in our veins, and bristling in 
our hair. When we attend the Danish prince to 
his midnight conference with the shade of his mur- 
dered father, and hear the ineffable accents of the 
dead, willing, but prohibited, ** to tell the secrets of 
his prison-house," we are appalled, and our facul- 
ties are suspended in terror. When we see the 
faithful and the lovely Juliet awaking in the house 
of daritness and corruption with the corpse nf her 
husband on her bosom : when we behola the inno* 
cent Desdemona dying by the hand, to which she 
was the most fondly attached; and dharging on 
herself^ with her latest breath, the guilt of her mur- 
derer : when we witness the wretchedness of Lear, 
contending with the midnight storm, and strewing 
his white locks on the blast ; or carrying in his 
withered arms the bod}r of his Cordelia murdered 
in his cause, is it possible that the tear of pity 
should not start from our eyes and trickle down oar 
cheeks 7 In the forest of Arden, as we ramble with 
its accidental inmates, our spirits are soothed into 
cheerfulness, and are, occasionally, elevated into 
gaiety. In the tavern at Eastcbeap, with the witty 
and debauched knight, we meet with " Laughter 
holding both his sides;" and we surrender our- 
selves, willingly and delighted, to the inebriation of 
his innucnce. We could dwell for a long summer's 
day amid the fertilitv of these charming topics, if 
we were not called H-om them to a higher region of 
poetic enjoyment, possessed by the genius ofohak- 
speare alone, where he reigns sole lord, and 
where his subjects are the wondrous progeny of his 
own creative miagination. From whatever quarter 
of the world, eastern or northern, England may 
have originally derived her elves and her fairies, 
Shakspeare undoubtedly formed these little bcincs, 
as they flutter in his scenes, from an idea of his 
own ; and they came from his hand, beneficent and 
friendly to man ; immortal and invulnerable ; of 
such corporeal minuteness as to lie in the bell of a 
cowslip ; and yet of such power as to disorder the 


-" to bedim 

The nr»ontidc sun ; call forth the mutinous winds : 
And Hwixt the green sea and the azured vault, 
Set roaring war." 

To thb little ethereal people our Poet has assigned 
manners and occupations in perfect consistency 
with their nature ; and has sent them forth, in the 
richest array of fancy, to gambol before us^ to asto- 
nish and delight us. They resemble nothmg upon 
earth : but irthey could exist with man, they would 
act and speak as they act and speak, with the inspi- 
ration of our Poet, m " The Tempest," and " A 
Midsummer Night*s Dream." In contrast with his 
Ariel, '* a spirit too delicate," as the servant of a 
witch, " to act her earthy and abhorred com- 
mands :" but ready, under tne control of his philo- 
sophic master, 

" To snswcr hla bert pleasure, be it to fly, 
To swim ; to dive into the fire ; to ride 
On the curl*d clouds ;" 

in contrast with this aerial being, the imagination 
of Shakspeare has formed a monster, the ofl*8pring 
of a hag and a demon ; and has introduced him 
into the scene with a mind and a character appro- 
priately and strictly his own. As the drama, mto 
which are introduced these two beings, beyond the 
action of Nature, as it is discoverable on this earth, 
one of them rixtng above, and one sinking beneath 
the level of humanity, may be received as the 

Sroudest evidence, which has hitherto been pro- 
uced, of the extent and vigour of man's imagma- 
lion; so it bids (air to stand imrivalled amid all 

the loftiest aspirationt of the human mind in th« 
ages which are yet to come. The great Milton'fl 
imagination alone can be placed in combeiitim 
with that of Shakspeare ; and even Milton^s mutt 
yield the palm to that which is dis(>iayed in ''A 
Midsummer Night's Dream," and w the ak 
divine "Tempest." 
But having sported a while with the fiuriesy 

*' as on the sands with printless fesc 

They chase the ebbing Neptune," 


** In the spleed Indian air, 

They dance their ringlets to the whistling wind,** 

the mighty Poet turns from their bowers, ^ over* 
canopied with luscious woodbine," and plants w 
on " the blasted heath," trodden by the weird warn ■ 
ters, the Fates of the north ; or leads us to thm 
dreadful cave, where they are preparing their in- 
fernal caldron, and singing round it the incantations 
of hell. What a change, from all that is faacina^ 
tins, to all tliat is the most appalling to the fancy ; ' 
ana yet each of those scenes is the product of tlie 
same astonishing intellect, delighting at one tiuM 
to lull us on beds of roses, with the spirit of Or 
pheus, and at another to curdle our blood by throw* 
mg at us the viper lock of Alecto. But to aboir 
his supreme conunand of the super^human world^ 
our royal Poet touches the sepulchre with his ma- 
gic rod, and the sepulchre opens ** its pond'roos 
and marble jaws," and gives its dead to ** revisit 
the glimpses of the moon." The belief that the 
dead, on some awful occasions, were permitted to 
assume the semblance of those bodies, in which 
they had walked upon earth ; or that the world of 
spirits was sometimes disclosed to the eye of mor- 
tality, has prevailed in every a^e of mankind, fat 
the most enlightened as well as m the most daiiL 
When philosophy had attained its widest extent of 
power, and had enlarged and refined the intellect. 
not only of its parent Greece, but of its pupil 
Rome, a spectre is recorded to have shaken tne 
firmness of Dion, the scholar and the fnend of 
Plato ; and another to have assayed the constancy 
of the philosophic and the virtuous Brutus. In the 
superstitious age of our Elizabeth and of her ScoC- 
tisn successor, the belief in the existence of ghosts 
and apparitions was nearly universal ; and when 
Shakspeare produced upon his stage the shade of 
the Danish sovereign, there was not, perhaps, a 
heart, amid the crowded audience, which did not 
palpitate with fear. But in any age, however little 
tainted it might bo with superstitious credulity, 
would the ghost of royal Denmark excite an agita 
ting interest, with such awful solemnity is he iutro - 
duced, so sublimely terrible is his tale of woe, and 
such are the eflccts of his appearance on the per^ 
sons of the drama, who are its immediate wit- 
nesses. We catch, indeed, the terrors of Horatio 
and the young prince ; and if the illusion bo not 
so strong as to seize in the first instance on our own 
minds, it acts on them in its result from theirs. 
The melancholy, which previously preved on the 
spirits of the youthful Hamlet, was cert amiy height- 
ened into insanity by this ghostly conference ; and 
from this dreadful moment his madness is partly 
assumed, and partly unaflected. It is certain that 
no spectre, ever brought upon the stage, can be 
compared with thisphantom, created by the power 
of Shakspeare. The apparition of the host, in 
" The Lover's Progress," by Fletcher, is too con- 
temptible to be mentioned on this o^'casion : the 
spirit of Almanzor's mother, in " The Conquest of 
Granada," by Dryden, is not of a higher class ; and 
even the ghost of Darius, in ** The Persians," of 
the mighty and sublime iEschylu8,shrinks into insig- 
nificance before this of the murdered Majesty of 
Denmark. For his success, indeed, in this instaiice, 
Shakspeare is greatly indebted to the superior aw- 
fulness of his religion ; and the use which he has 
made of the Romish purgatory must be regarded as 


Whm tba iitginmtioH of I iutni 

n of ptuion, tike 

_. ._ .... la flWD, it unqueiliaiLably liApd hi/ii ire 
Wih ■!»»* iiBT eoBiMtition. Ai he nUyi — '■' ■' 
fi?ri«»w<,t^ofegluitin. ud .. 

:. No* 

lomb, *' lo miJte ni^L bideoui," ho may chllJen^' 
Um poeu of every ige, from uuil of Uomei lo l ,. 
nrMinl, uhJ be feuku of Ifae eveoU But eLth> i 
irDoi hu Ifnorarkce of them, which it riot euily cr-i'- 
drblfl, or mnQ hu diiregmrd lo Ihcni, or mber, ^ r- 
hape, from hi^ deaire lo «icAp« from their yoke, tk 

rotihr of tho Bune of compoaition cut, 
td who ttepB forwKrd, ta this iosiuicft .ii 
iom liberty, u the chsmpioo of Bhih- 

liog, whkh cj . ■ - 

bftbility of what wv toe uid hear, fend uhich mH 
be vioItlAd by m injudicioui and Ja.wle&m B}iifling <i 
■he Bcene, If our pajnooB be intcreiited by an 
mcLiotL paaaioB at a place called Rome, il iquit 

suddenly, without Uy reaaon ior the diiFouliouuiCA 
a place colled AIcii ' 

a^iul him ai a poel and a dramaTiil, rbat, if th<-^v 

hiiTr™™ h'i lofly pedealal ; and imuld prove iJi'' 
object of our homage, during t«o cenluriei, lo be ^ 
little deformed imaie, which we bad vnlb the mo-r 
■illy idolalry mi>i»Son for a god 7 But Johnson'.- 
defence of Shakspeare seenu to be u netli ■> bj : 

Ihe'°wamor"« MmeaTeVu^e 1° the riarTTf Vis 

the dajTB of the patrician of Argoa, recorded ^>^- 
Hi>nce,* >Tbo would ait for houn in the vacaut 
theatre, ud give lus applause to aclon who wer? 

nielook tlio wooden and narrow pfatfonn oT ■ ato^n 
forlbelieldsofPhilippior Agincouri; orihepBink'l 
cutraii, shiCUng under hii eye, for the palace of thi^ 
Pulemice or the Cxeare; or Ihe walk, which bu't 

qoile incompatible with any deoree of eanily uf 
mind, has never been cballrnged by any crilic, sis- 
mltaeK«d to poetry and the eta^ ; and il if adducedn 

only for (he biutm 
with absurdity, o 

!fui;.o""",ry whi: 

Hones in that <rfli 

on, belonging to gi- 
rerthrowin. Die re.i- 
lation, and^ make m 
rbis is asserlod t^y 

ne TbeUs inodo ponh Albenig.'" 

eg of tho aclon, 

ice and counl^- 
rn of the poet, this illuBion I 

e before ut W 

d upon benihejand ar.- 

: agents upon the sfsDe. i-^ 
of m»:h a nature that we feef, as it we.e, one Itir- 
«it with iheia : we renrni the injuries which thry 

Ibem: the pulin of our hearls beat in hanoonr 
withlhein; and as the tear giuhesfromtheir eyes, 

ths sole business of the eri 
1 reason from tho bcl. It ii 

• rub baiKl ItooDUI* Argis, kc. Epii. Ub 





id mil 

>. Lot 

en, Ihat in 



friend at ou 

r elbow 

Ih (he 


e fibre of 



ike us 



id 7 Km 








dred yard 



in Lincoln'! 

at Rome nor ml Aloiaticlria 
perceive you not that the old man whom you M* 
there on his knee, vrilh his hands clenched, aod hil 

friend, Garrick, who is reciting with much propii^f 
some verses made by a man, long since in Kk 

not many hours ago: and who, a few boiirs beoce, 
will be Islkiog with his Irienda, over a comforlabla 
supper of the effects of his preueni mimickrrl" 
If we should be thus addressed, (and a eudden shHI- 

of tho illusion which delights us,) should wo ba 
thankful lo our wise friend for thus iufuiming our 
understanding by the inlermplion of our feeling* T 
Should we not rather oiclum with the Argivenobla 
of Horace, when purgod by helleboro iulo his seosoa^ 

The drami 

Iheir origin snd eflbct. The unity of 
fed, may be thrown ahogclher from oar 
, universally acknowledged lo be esaei^ 
siry to the drama, and constituting what 
led its living principle, it has escaped 
ioD even by our liwlesi Poel himselC 

? choral odes, which were sung ai certaia 

the first instance, was added a dialogue of Iwo per- 
sons ; and, Ihe number of speakers being eubo^ 
iguently increased, a regular dramatic lible was, at 
lenglb, cobstmcted, and the dialogue usurped iho 
prime honours of Ihe performance. But the chonii, 
though degraded, could not bo eipelled from th* 
scene, which was once entirely its own ; and, eoD- 
secraled by the regard of Ihe people, it was forcod 


ould. Ilwi 

therefore, permanently on the stage, and made 
occupy its ^dicBwilhlhe ag-nte lAo were to « 


in Ihe spnl, where Ihi 

the Grecian dramalisi codd 

if the drama 
:loaed, and whal could not consislently bo 
was necesiarilyionsignedlonarralion. Thia 

linlenupled feeling, arid ia 
- -*" — '■-'-■lity. To Ilia 

if>ard. In the AgamemiMB 
banld arrivM with iha tidinga cf tlia vi 

1 little .f ai ^ 
rEfBcuylus, the fire signals have only Just 
need to Hycene Ihe fajl cf Troy, When 


kiBf'a ^ipTiaeh ; wtio nnt Ihin hsTe puied from ( If Uu UmiU prHcrflwd (a ue oa tiM pnacal «•■ 
-..l,^ ... k. . tlnuM will. ik. ~i..;r. ...■rr,, ...h.«;i i„ _. r...i.» .. .—i—L ^ «. -r 

pAMd|[a wmj by k taiDHBt, with ihe celerilr neHTlv 
of * T^jr of light ; kAd in tha TrLchinis of Boph--^- 

noEf perbmpf^ much tho subject 
Iculttion, or in uy dcn-ce of hi 
hii mLDd intrni on the dill do 
10 unchaji^g K«iii 


bcyand the lUge, without paiiaing to invcaiiiple ihe 
poel'i duB appmtioniDfnt of timo. IT llw •cm.' 
had brcn ihilird, the frelinrsof the uprctalorwoutJ 
hare been outn^ed bj lucb in iorringelDcnl of Ihr 
unilT of plue. When Ihe •rfaitnry leparalion of 
the Oruna inio icU wu iccomplifhod by iho Romkn 

'--~-''--'- -^'^"'gV'iin it ™^nM fi'b!; 

._. tuton.ll portion of lilt 

He of irbich (he lUci- 
* curltin dropa. It during (hv 
LiAod.lhc unity of place u brrj- 

abindoued. An 

cated and )hi 
Jic probibllllv « the 

le certainly offended: 
a and act, the MFDg 

P<Kt*i fineat playi, that 1 Dkiffat diatiEmiy ahmv bow 

>■ "-a hu loal bf hii naglael of tha diaiaalk 

and how much OKin eBeclually be niihl 
ousbl for hii purpoH if ho bad nU " ' 
en t^ idle to Hlicil their ajiiiu 

If he num'd lb< rrini of eiiatmee, he niut hid 
plunfcJ ialo »nie illimilaUe Toid, if there be luch, 

in (ha infinity of apace ^ and whiit b the idea tm- 
temled to be convi-yed bv " Panting time toLUng 
alter him in nio," 1 will confeu thai I do not prc- 
riielf comprehend. I conclude, howeier, thai tt 

lurefl of the drainali>1*i inTcnlion, to hii fairira, Ul 
ma^cjana, and hia ghoola: and theae, indeed, an 
proud evidencra of hia inaginalive powera : lod 
that Ihe aecoad, in the Zudicroui image, vhich il 
preaeritB, afoLd Titne, panting and toilia^ in vab tp 
caich Ihe acliTc and ranaway Poel, miui alluda lo 
the eonlempl occai>innally duBcovered by our Iwir* 
leaa bard for pn>bability and the lunilation of loot ; 
and Ihia, of ^ich any acrUiblrr nay be guilty, ia, 
in inith, the moat efleftiT* diipraiie. But it ia mora 

ui if the? did 

id pained by 1 


iaa ID be the aubject of our 
eubordinate ponigd of tba 

breaking the continued repre- admirililr adapted to all 

of the Grecian theatre, Ihey hail lliem- t'<- «lraiiU, il aoundg erer 

ily lo blame ; for thev ccrlainjy poaieatrd <• either aublime or tend< 

iBofeSVttirely prcae'rvingall lJi*i>o»rer of «illi ibe pu>inn of whi 

n' at a nrv *nudl eiiwMr of difficufiv and acriplion il a pictureaque 

It ia fiir hii inaiteniHin lo Ihe inlegnty of a" ' " ' '■ ' 

, and gk 

Aa Ihe diclioo oh 

of poetnr, to data it 
y and gr«ce, into ihe 

,. _.,.., . ^ , , ■« charged with beiiw 

which he ban nnniuled (hit ew«I ta'i', wnl h« h»"h "nJ iingrnmmalird. I helieTo il to ba harali 
dimiaialied tbeeAtcwnrvorthr EnHiafaatagF. A and unrhythniifal (I rnnfine iho remark, of count, 
Teecni nimBcniali>r, huwenr, haa diacorrrrd, and I" Ibe lenw umiun of ii) only wrbMi ii hu been 
ho nr-ni' to appiauJ himwir on the lelii-iiuua dia- di-fcrmi-dhy theprrreraeinduiiryaftaRteleKacoai- 

iilily of prone. Il baa bi 

_ ..ur great bard ha* been &itbrid ID Ob. ■ 

orilv of Ihe drama. Iboogh be haa treated the nihera fi>r anthnriliea; an 

Willi iliarenid— that be ba* been faithful 1.> the rribi^l, as I am *...>...-u, »....., .. .«,. .... a lu 

unUyofleelinE— 1" Aie imitynf ferbng! What! iramraatical errora. It will aoi 

of iil«atr"hr'l'he"rc'«ineil chambi^cf ili. politic the "rigid analy?ii of grammar i for il aotn'oiimea 
ttnJ.H«iw»ii* »» tik* ...Lliiavv mr^w rX rk> v^nniT imr>Teiise4 Ihe idea forcibly and diitmelly on lh» 
id of regular grammar, and with 

„ ... . _. _ , ! meana by which the eiploit baa 

lit of been achieved. Aa oao example of thia power 

^ra- n' Aaknais'a diction, among many of a aimilaT 

U4 w^ht ba addnc*^ «• will tnuiicrib* 

-■WW of Clwidio to hia aialer, iir 

a iJainiilf Nnrthnmbatlanl. Tha iraeedim 
Howe, and Ihn romrdini nf Conirete tavj rain 
their unilToriei-liuE : bin thai nuitd aptoM of 
na, in which Bhali>pran< dehghti, inU n^ 
praue e* "■ ■- •■ « 


«>( « thi nadw^ Bdd; imt, ifnibmiued to ihr 
l^bSoaofUcol rruaBHriui*! aiuiHiuiioa, tliey will 
Mt aaWT (tad Didar it ; •ndtbejDUjiita^li: iinLu 
Bi tbr thur iffaet 'm Hit "———•"■—■ a! Lhc 


Tbin BiTilidi hT 

bM i* tbars > revlcr cf luts wha wnild KiX ii i.i 
ht ut Ifainf but vbtl it ii 1 Aa for th«p bsrbn- 
rUM of Iha doubia nagatiTa and Iba double c^,„- 

the oldnifMauita8bakneare'il«xt,lhaT«iWBd^ 
4acluvd Bj eonndioo that dwj an (aUalj rhug^ 
UBSbakneara. 'najuauM lobafiMindiBlboic 
•feiuaiu af hia nniia which inved from th? prrai 
(■der hii own immediiiB bxpseiion; iLnd tili^t 
at anurodlj ba canndBrvd fti tho ilUlara ic cn-ura 

imptn, fFom tha piiec ni 

IDC, ill (Hcluraaque chiractct, 
r rmrjukg bannonj. But [ hart 
alraidf Tarjr Gu tnaagncsed the Umili prciciibpd 
la aa in nijr nhmw ; and I raoat natnin inv9>'IC 
Wbao, rharefora, I have cilad, at Ihe claar of'nh 
I VB BOW wntia^ 1fa« deicriplioD bj Jaqiir-i, 
"Aa JOB Like il,^ irf'thi lenn agei of man, .I'p 
andaBce ef 6bak>paan^i power to touch i],'- iiku 
^miliar tojuci into poetry, ai the Phryi;ijiEj rrn 
Bvch couTd touch the buest ■ubauncev iiiio ^ii[. 


ra, li Scotia ottoAuduu hi 

In the UIBH oT God, AmeD. I Williun Shik- 
ppum of Blralfbrd uwm Avoa, ia tfao county (rf 
Warwk:k, peifscl lioaltb and memoiy (Gail 
bo praiiodl) do mako nod ordain thia niy last 
win and teatament in maiuMr aad IbnD Ibllowing : 

h* be hm a iiiighi_ __ 

ud commajiding to call forib ihi 

« leanud and DitellMiual centn 


lad mj Livghui JiaUiot tolA ilia n'tUt. 
At tbr commaiid (ha vartH (unutt rolla . 
Saw PHt malla, now Terror Fhllla our MI11I-. 

tha Wr* and ElvM qakk gluicinf o'rr Ui- ltcc 
iadt aa (bamoon harper1e«OTl>dla)ila)^» 
Tba lUa peopJe aparUe Ln bar rajs, 

Tban, uU ibe llfbounc'i bUu, ud irbLilnia 

On (be acuh^ haath Iha Ikui alitera acowT : 
Or, aa hell-a caldron bubblaa o'er ibo flame, 

Thaaaaiaihrwanlcn.Natuia'adaiUiii binb 
iirf raw aiuUDcbaaia Iby name o'er tanh. 
nHia, where RaiBa>a auia iMier aunp'd fur blot 
■t luillgi>>d OaasH and^HlHonrl'a OnnH - 
Vbaia Iba Mfta ajralid* uTiha Hon 

Vhan Ana and Sdanca tj bar naked alionil 
Ind lb* world'a Eiiireaa ahall ' 

Alt tm Ikh cWw wlw iSimS 


Pintj I cotuBkend lar aovl into 
my creator, hoping, and 1 
ike only merita of Jaaiu 
made panakor of lifs otbtIi 
Ljie earth wboroofit ia madvp 

Jim, I ptc and bBquaath unto mr 
Judith, one hundred and fiflr pnmda of lawful 

fnllowiag j that ia to aay, one hundred pound* 
tfiacharge of her marring portioB within odb y« 
after my dacaaae, wilb connderBtion alter Iha ra 
of two ahiUiiui in tha pomd forao loaig t time j 
iba aame ahallbe unpaid unto ber aAarmy decea« 
and tha fiftj pounda reaidue thereof upon bar au 

aaiDTDdl J beliering, (hrou^ 

- "•-- "-.Tiour, to ba 



.<,all h 

on Atfon afbreaaid, 
ky being parcel or ho 
ion, unto mj dau^t<i 

I lire and brouealh u 
id fifty 

ID, one r^yfaold Ici 
lymg and tMing a 

ihrM yean nei 
my -m, durini 

t of her 

luing lb 

poundi mora, if^a' 
JTiPC at Iha end 
ly oTtbedataofl 


o» which bme my e: , ^ 

Irom my deceaie according 10 the lata 
and if the die wi(hiD the laiiTlFrni xilh- 
if her body, then my wLU ii, and I do giro 
'ath one huadred noundfl thereof Id my 
ibeth Hall, and Lhe Glfy pounda u> be let 
y eieculora during Iho life of my aiiler 

and beqti 
luece ETii 
f^rtb ^ my eiecuton during Ii 

Joan fUri, and the u» amf pr 

<hall be paid to my leid liiUr Joan, and aAer her 
'leeease the aaid fifty pounda ahall remain aiaongat 
rhe children of my aaid aialor, equally to be divided 
amongal them ^ hut if my aaid daughter Judjih b« 
hring at the end of the aaid three yeara, or any 
iaaue of her body, (hen ray nil la, and ao I doiiao 
nnd bequeath the aaid hundred and fifty pounda to 

10 be paid unto her ao long aa aha ahall be married 
Lind covert baron; but my will ia, that ahe shall 
hare the coniidenLion yea/ly paid unto her during 
her life, and after her deceaae (he aaid iiock and 

any, and if not, to her eieculora awi uaigna, aha 
linBg the aaid leitn after my deceaae : pTorided 
ihU if nch buaband aa aha dull at the end of (ha 
Mid Ibrea yean ba mairiad tato, or ti any [time] 
_«„ J .L.- — 1 «»»(bW, Bad tbaiwuB 

6hXk8PEAB£*S will. 

of her body, lands uifwerable to the portion by this 
my will given unto her, and to be adjudged so by 
my executors and overseers, then my wul is, that 
the said hundred and fifty pounds shall be paid to 
such husband as shall make such assurance, to his 
own use. 

/tern, I give and bequeath unto my said sister 
Joan twenty pounds, and all my wearing apparel, 
to -be paid and delivered within one year atler my 
decease ; and I do will and devise unto her t^ 
house, with the appurtenances, in Stratford, wherem 
she dwelleth, for her natural life, under the yearly 
rent of twelve-pence. 

Item, I give and bequeath unto her three sons, 

William Hart, Hart, and Michael Hart, five 

pounds apiece, to be paid within one year after my 

Itetn. I give and beoueath unto the said Eliza- 
beth Hall all my plate (except my broad silver and 
gilt bowl,) that I now have at the date of this my 

Iteriif I ^ve and bequeath the poor of Strat- 
ford aforesaid ten pounds; to Mr. Thomas Combe 
my sword ; to Thomas Kussel, esq. fivejpounds ; 
and to Francis Collins of the borough of Warwick, 
in the county of Warwick, gent, uirteen pounds 
six shillings and eight-pence, to be paid within one 
year after my decease. 

Itentf I give and bequeath to. Hamlet [Hamnet] 
Sadler twent y-s ix shillings eight-pence, to buy him 
a ring; to William Reynolds, gent, twenty-six 
shillings eight-pence, to buy him a ring^ to my 
godson Wiuiam Walker, twenty shillings m ^old ; 
to Anthony Nash. gent, twenty-six shilhngs eight- 
pence ; and to Mr. John Nash, twenty-six shilhngs 
ei^t-pence ; and to mv fellows, John Hemynge, 
Richard Burbage, and Henry Cundell, twenty-six 
shillings eight-pence apiece, to buy them rings. 

/fern, I give, wilL beoueath, and devise, unto my 
daughter Susanna HalL for better enabling of her 
to perform this my will, and towards the perform- 
ance thereof, all that capital messuage or tenement, 
with the appurtenances, in Stratford aforesaid, 
called The New Place, wherein I now dwell, and 
two messuages or tenements^ with the appurte- 
nances, situate, lying, and being in Henley-street, 
within the boruugh of^ Stratford aforesaid ; and all 
my barns, stables, orchards, gardens, lands, tene- 
ments, and hereditaments whatsoever, situate, 
lying, and being, or to be had, received, perceived, 
or taken, within the towns, hamlets, villages, fields, 
and grounds of Stratford upon Avon, Old Stratford, 
Bishopton, and Welcombe^ or in any of them, in 
the said county of Warwick; and also all that 
messuage or tenement, with the appurtenances, 
wherein one John Robinson dwelleth, situate, lying, 
and being, in the Blackfriars in London, near the 
Wardrobe : and all other my lands, tenements, and 
hereditaments whatsoever : to have and to hold all 
and singtilar the said premises, with their appurte- 
nances.unto the said Susanna Hall, for and during the 
term of her natural life ; and after her decease to the 
first son of her body lawfully issuing, and to the heirs 
males of the body of the said first sou lawfolly issu- 
ing ; and for default of such issue, to the second son of 
her body lawfully issuing, and to the heirs males of 
the body of the said second son lawfully issuing ; and 
for default of such heirs, to the third son of the body 
of the said Susanna lawfully issuing, and to the heirs 
males of the body of the said third son lawfully issu- 
ing ; and fur default of such issue, the same so 
to be and remain to the fourth, fifth, sixth, and 
seventh sons of her body, lawfully issuing one after 
another, and to the heirs males of the bodies of the 
said fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh sons lawfully 
issuing, in such manner as it is before limited to be 
and remain to the first, second, and third sons of her 
bodv, and to their heirs males ; and for default of 
such issue, the said premises to be and remain to 
my said niece Hall, and the heirs males of her body 
hwfully issuing ; and for default of such issue, to 
my daughter Judith, and the heirs males of ner 
body lawfully issuing; and for default of such issue. 

to the light heirs of me the said William Shakspeir* 
for ever. 

/tern, I give unto my wife my second best bet^ 
with the furniture. 

. Item, I give and bequeath to my said daughter 
Judith my broad silver gilt bowU All the rest of 
my goodsj chatties, leases, plate, jewels, and house- 
hold stuff whatsoever, afler my debts and legacies 
paid, and my funeral expenses discharged, I t^r^ 
devise, and beoueath to my son-in-law, John HalL 
gent, and my daughter Susanna his wife, whom I 
ordain and make executors of this my last will and 
testament. And I do entreat and appoint the said 
Thomas Russell, esq. and Francis Collins, gent, to 
be overseers hereoC And do revoke all former wills, 
and publish this to be my last will and testament. 
In witness whereof I have hereunto put my hand, the 
day and year first above written. 


^iAiecs to the pubUtfung hertt^^ 

Fra. Collyns, 
Juhus Shaw, 
John Robinson, 
Hamnet Sadler, 
Robert Whatcott. 

"PTfibabim fmt te»tamerUum nMnueryptutn apud LdM^ 
don, coram Magutro IViUiam Byrde, Legum 
Doctorej^4^. vieesimo secundo die mermt JuniL 
Armo Ihmini 1616; juramerUo Johanna UaU 
uniua ex, cut, 4rc* de bene, ^c jvraL reservate 
potestate, 4rc* Susanna Hall, aU, ex, 4"^ 
cum venerit, 4*^, pctUur, 4rc, 






To draw no envy, Shakspeare, on thy name, 
Am I thus ampfe to thy book and fame : 
While I confess thy writings to be such. 
As neither man nor Muse can praise too much. 
"Hs true, and all men's sufirage. But these ways 
Were not the paths I meant unto thy praise, 
For silliest ignorance on these may lignt. 
Which, when it sounds at best, but echoes right ; 
Or blind affection, which doth ne'er advance 
The truth, but gropes, and urgeth all by chance ; 
Or crafty malice might protend this praise. 
And think to ruin, where it seemM to raise. 
These are, as some infamous bawd or whore 
Should praise a matron. What could hurt her more 7 
But thou art proof against them, and indeed 
Above th' ill fortune of them, or the need. 
I therefore will begin. Soul of the age ! 
Th' applause I delight ! the wonder of our stage* 
My Snakspcare, rise ! I will not lodge thee bv 
Chaucer, or Spenser, or .bid Beaumont lie 
A little further, to make thee a room \ 
Thou art a monument without a tomb. 
And art alive still, while thy book doth live, 
And we have wits to read, and praise to give. 
That I not mix thee so, my brain excuses, 
1 mean with great, but disproportion'd muses : 
For if I thought my judgment were of years, 
I should commit thee surely with thy peers. 
And- tell how far thou didst our Lily outshine, 
Or sporting Kid, or Marlow's mighty line. 
And though thou hadst small Latm and less Gretk| 
From thence to honour thee, I will not seek 



For Dunet ; bntacall forth thnnd'ring Eschylus, 

EuripidMy and SophoelM t6 us, 

FieoTius, AociiM. mm of Cordova dead. 

To Uve a^aiDy to hear thj boAkm tread, 

And ahake a sta^ : or when thjr 800101 were on, 

Leave thee akme tor the comparison 

Of all, that insolent Greece, or haughty Rome 

Sent forth, or since did from their ashes come. 

Triumph, my Britain, thou hast one to show. 

To whom all scoaes of Europe homage owe. 

He was not of an age, but for all time ! 

And all the Moses stiU were in their prime. 

When, like Apollo, he came forth to warm 

Oar ears, or uke a Mercury to charm ! 

Nature herself was proud of his designs. 

And joy'd to wear tne dressing of his lines ! 

Which were so richly spun^ and woven so fit. 

As sinoe, ^e will vouchsafe no other wit. 

The merry Greek, tart Aristophanes, 

Neat Terence, witty Plautus. now not please ; 

But antiquated and deserted Ue^ 

As they were not of Nature's family. 

Yet must I not give Nature all : thy art. 

My gentle Shakspeare, must enjoy a part. 

F(^ tnoiiL^ the poet's matter nature be, 

Hts art doth give the fashion. And that he 

Who casts to write a living line, must sweat, 

iSuch as thine are) and strike the second heat 
Fpon the Muse's anvil ; turn the same. 
And himself with it, that he thinks to frame ; 
Or fiNT the laurel, he may gun a scorn, 
For a good poet's made, as well as t>om. 
And such wert thou. I^ok how the father's face 
lives in his issue : even so the race 
Of Shakspeare's mind and manners brightly shines 
faa his well-turned, and true filed lines : 
In each of which he seems to shake a lance, 
As brandish'd at the eyes <^ ignorance. 
Sweet Swan of Avon ! what a sight it were, 
'fo see thee in our virater yet appear. 
And make those slights upon the banks of Thames, 
Tlttt so did take Efliza, and our James ! 
But stay. I see thee in the hemisphere 
AdvancM, and made a constellation there ! 
Shine forth thou star of poets, and with rage. 
Or influence, chide, or cheer the drooping stage, 
Which, since thy ffight fi-om hence, hath moum'd 

like night. 
And despairs day, but for thy volumes' light. 

Ben Jonson. 



A MTirD reflecting ages past, whose clear 
And equal surface can make things appear, 
Dnrtant a thousand years, and represent 
Them in their lively colours, just extent : 
To outrun hasty time, retrieve the fates, 
Rowl back the heavens, blow ope the iron gates 
Of death and Lethe, where confused lie 
Great heaps of ruinous mortality : * 

In that deep dusky dungeon, to discern 
A royal ghost firora churls ; by art to learn 
The physiognomy of shades, and give 
Them sudden birth, wond'ring how oft they live ; 
What story coldly tells^ what poets feign 
At 9ccond hand, and picture without brain. 
Senseless and soulless shews : To give a stage,— 
Ample, and true with life,— voice, action, ago. 

As Plato's year, and new scene of the world, 
Them unto us, i>r us to them had huri'd : 
To raise our ancient sovereigns fnmi their herse, 
Make kin^ his subjects ; by exchanging verse 
Enlive their pale trunks, that the present age 
Joys in their joy and trembles at their rage : 
Yet so to temper passion, that our ears 
Take pleasure in their pain, and eyes in tears 
Both weep and smile ; fearful at plots so sad. 
Then laughing at our fear ; abus'a, and glad 
To be abus'd ; aflected with that truth 
Which we perceive is false, pleas'd in that ruth 
At which wo start^ and, by elaborate play, 
Tortur'd and tickl'd ; by a crab-Uke way 
Time past made pastime^ and in ugly sort 
Disgorsing up his ravin for our sport :— — 

While tne plebeian imp, from lofty throne, 

Creatds and rules a world, and works upon 
Mankind by secret engines ; now to move 
A chilling pity, then a rigorous love ^ 
I'o strike up and stroke down, both joy and ire ; 
To steer the aflTections ; and oy heavenly fire 
Mould us anew, stol'n ux>m ourselves :-— 

This, — and much more, which cannot be exprest 
But by himself, his tongue, and his own breast, — 
Was Shakspeare's freehold ; which his cunning brain 
Improv'd by favour of the nine-fold train : — 
The buskin'd muse, the comick oueen, tne grand 
And louder tone of Clio, nimble nand 
And nimbler foot of the melodious pair, 
The silver-voic'd lady, the most fair 
Calliope, she whoso speaking silence daunts, 
And sne whose praise the heavenly body chants. 

These jointly woo'd him, envying one another ; 
Obcy*d by all as spouse, but lov'd as brother ;— 
And wrought a curious robe, of sable grave, 
Fresh green, and pleasant yellow, red most brav^ 
And constant blue, rich purple, guiltless white, 
The lowly russet, and the scarlet brijght : 
Branch'd and embroider'd like the pamted spring ; 
Each leaf match'd with a flower, and each string 
Of golden wire, each line of silk : there nm 
Italian works, whose thread the sisters spuir; 
And there did sing, or seem to sing, the choice 
Birds of a foreign note and various voice ; 
Here hangs a mossy rock ; there plays a fair 
But chiding fountain, purled : not the^ air, 
Nor clouds, nor thunder, but were living drawn • 
Not out of common tiflany or lawn. 
But fme materials, which the Muses know. 
And only know the countries where they grow 

Now, when they could no longer him enjoy. 
In mortal garments pent, — DeaUi may destroy, 
They say, his body ; but his verse shall live, 
And more than nature takes our hands shall give : 
In a less volume, but more strongly bound, 
Shakspeare shall breathe and speak ; with laurel 

Which never fades ; fed with ambrosian meat ; 
In a well-lined vesture, rich and neat : — 
So with this robe they clothe him, bid him wear it ; 
For time shall never stain, nor envy tear it. 

The friendly admirer of his Endowments, 

I. M. S. 


These admirable verses were first prefixed to the 
second folio printed In 1033 : they are here placed as a 
noble tribiiie from a contemporary to the pen Ins of our 
immortal Poet. Conjecture has been vainly employed 
upon the initials I. M. 8; affixed. I entirely subscribe 
to Mr. Boaden's opinion that they are from the pen 01 
George Chapman ; the structure of the verFc and ihe 
phraiieology bear marks of his hand, and the vein cit 
poetry such as would do honour to his genius. 

S. W. 8 


Prefixed to the Firat Folio Edition published m 1623. 


From the meet able, to him that can but spell : there you are numbet'd. We 
had rather you were weigh'd. Especially, when the &te of all Bookes depeodb 
upon your capacities : and not of your heads alone, but of your puraea. WaUl k 
is now publique, and you wil stand for your priviledges wee know : to lesd, and 
censure. Do so, but buy it first. That doth best commend a Booke, the Statkoer 
saies. Then, how odde soever your braines be, or your wisedomee, make yov 
licence the same, and spare not. Judge your sixe-pen'orth, your shillings wnd^ 
your five shillings worth at a time, or higher, so you rise to the just imtoa^ and 
welcome. But, whatever you do. Buy. Censure wiU not drive a Trade, or maka 
the Jacke go. And though you be a Magistrate of wit, and sit on the Stage at 
Black-Friers, or the Cockpit, to arraigne Playes dailie, know, these Playea haia 
had their triall alreadie, and stood out all Appeales ; and do now come fcvth quittad 
rather by a Decree of Court, than any purchased Letters of commendatioa. 

It had bene a thing, we confesse, worthie to have bene wished, that the Author 
himselfe had lived to have set forth, and overseen his owne writings ; But ainoa it 
hath bin ordain'd otherwise, and he by death departed from that right, we pny 
you, doe not en vie his Friends, the office of their care and paine, to have collected 
and published them ; and so to have publish'd them, as where (before) you were 
abus'd with divers stolne, and surreptitious copies, maimed and deformed by the 
frauds and stealthes of injurious impostors, that expos'd them : even those are now 
offered to your view cur'd, and perfect of their limbes ; and all the rest, absolute in 
their numbers, as he conceived the : Who, as he was a happie imitator of Nature, 
was a most gentle expresser of it. His mind and hand went together ; and what 
he thought, he uttered with that easinesse, that wee have scarse received from 
him a blot in his papers. But it is not our province, who only gather his works, 
and give them you, to praise him. It is yours that reade him. And there we 
hope, to your divers capacities, you will fmde enough, both to draw, and hold you: 
for his wit can no more lie hid, then it could be lost. Reade him, therefore ; and 
againe, and againe : And if then you doe not like him, surely you are in some ma- 
nifest danger, not to understand him. And so we leave you to other of his Friexids, 
whom if you need, can bee your guides : if you neede them not, you can leade 
yourselves, and others. And such readers we wish him. 

John Heminoe, 
Hbnrie Condell. 



«'niET>iiiaMI>nd<haHUnniBi«tITUIml>mDi I (onip'nr'l. and ftmniMilf Dm ahlp «u drlrni nl 

-^ ^mIt Wubonni} m tbs BDblcM (flbm dTAu inm-^td tiibttat Nm ndtt, bMladcul ud lorkidfti 

ubHBM iai WBUbu iDUHtfiBlOB, racuUii to flhik- runhn hudgjnc." Oaa hnndiad ud fln^jsnniwnl 

nan, whMhnn^cmi&rbouMiornuan, iiitboui .|,..[- . indniAHiH of iheir bo« ud iklS (lor oiia 

■■■■piigiMi |Or, Mara pnMilTieprJMialun ■long I '^' '- i.'iif.ivnritirDrn Und) they nrvd tuch put oTllMlr 
wUlklBbarnidliKiSdAdlliDlta." ... pmiidDiu u Ihe vu*r had not ipollsd, d' 

IToiiMbukHkMadlacanndAaBOtttMivUchihia i- . -—■■—>- .r .i. ._......... .1.. i.. 

flij h Anndtdi rctOaUbialbapilKloldThnni ~' 
MU Out lb* |ilM wMHkca ftmB ifeannr ' 

Dh«w IttmtnOf 

„ nmMlnaahi ihm .— .-. 

tatteaiBiamluaa. InikccalaaHavnatiullHllnD- 
■ad ka miM pratablT mlMUnMl iht mm* of mm mtcl 
*lr uioAr ; dia fkMa of Aunllg and babella haa *o 
itlaUoB u <ba TraipaN. Mr. H*Iom tbanjrhi ibai ao 
nth n]» or nmum *m txtiwd ; ni ■ mml of ikc 
!■■ Mr. Junaa Bonall loM bin (bat ba had asiiK Tcara 
KfB aouallr peniaad an Iiallaa narcl wlilcli anawend 
CulUni^dcKnplkiai kWktaiaaniiitT.imfcniiiiaujT.iIkl 
u aiHMa hMiB fMwir K. 

In hia TaluablK ■ CIUMraiVtBi 

— , . d In 1807, ktd avc^eatHl ihu 

or ■ CMiaMRBbla pan ofihla pli; waitn-- 

■lilp, wilch 

nnnffelaklliofoo'appiiftiDUlT and' kai^lf Mum ik« 
land, aa [ilian] oar ftadhi; and pnTUiHi na, iKTond 
. nur hnpea, and all iaan>a eiyttattopa, maai admlnbli ; 

i>a eiwuilana, on 
da of Ik* >«nnna*i^ aa tntj 

IT ChrtaAan or Bralhcn paogia, i 
I'piiinl a mm imdlgiDW MM dk4 

l u Bad (imibai 

nt of Sir Gcorm S< 

M paM*(H vbkh confl 

M UH h appeara llui M 

, 'aaUfalbif Om nlailma ot ini 

aabanMMIj Brtmad Iba Tcanba ef Mi 
paiBfinlet, ivuck ha difiiibuud amnna hh (VSpntTf; 
whafdh ha ahmn, ibat n» mlj Ai ikla ben maar pu- 
w|Mbi tha jtMj wan anggHtcd 10 Shakapcan ij lit 

hidriiTctaorn J,'™"" """ """ 
onnaBden bad aidad, an on* oTiha Bcimoda lalanAt 
Wt Oaafa S«Mra, Sir Tbemaa Oana, and Ca|nln 
IliwMtt. Whh ntaa aMpa and flya hundmf wipbi, aallad 
fmn Eniland In Hay, 1«M, on baanl Iht 8» Tcnnm, 
wMch vaa ctllad ttt AtafrvP* S«te ; and on Iba SUh 
of JolT ak* m* pund fion Ihe renlij a tirriblt Urn- 
ffl, which laiud Ibtcr-dsfal konn ud miatnd tbs 
whola Hhi, wboihaiimaorthnnlnatibrirnunand 

on Ik* point of Uakani; tko otliera rtturnod ufelj in 
Eoflanil, afalp slbc akli^ b MIQ, Mnilnit lb* rem of 
lh« luppwnl loan of ih* Admlral'a ah& and bar crt*. 
DulncacrBalpaitDfih) rear MUD ibo (au nC Romrn 
and Oaiaa wa* act known hi Enriand ; but ibc liuic, 
baling bmi acM bona by Lord Dclawarr, iirtiad In 
AogBH or Bcpunbai. Tbu Codndl of Virclnii uut- 
lbb*d a narradr* of Iba diaaaura which ball befiUcn 
■ba Bm, and of ibcir mtnculain neap*. FiaTl^malr 
bmratcrin ka ai^iearancc, on* Jourdin, who pmbatilj' 
Oaiea, publlahcdapamphtMeiiUilcf "ADIacovtiTiir 
Ui*BitnnuilBa,olhtf"rtaae*llad7»e fllfrfDieirfa; 1^ 
Sir Tbomai Oaita, Bit Oairfsa Snmpra, »nd Ciptala 
Kewpun, with dinra obm :" bi whkh b* rcjim ih* 
drcumaanen of Ui* auna. " The* wen buund for 
Tfr(lnia,aiidaiibuiimalnM*.Vluiiiidt. Thswholo 
craw, anmuitlncioana hnndnd and HIIt prnom, weair 
wllk paniilns, had flron all for hsi, and^enn 10 diliii 
Ihalr auung watMB, and to latt Irart g/ rarli ilicr, 
hucndhif ■ connnll tkemaalvea m ibe Rurcraflhe na. 
Sir Oaort* Somara, who had aal ihrc* dai* and nlghiH 
aaUM poop, wtth no ibad and mi* nK, ai Icntih iIekiI- 
•d landTand ancounind ibam (•Mn?/'™ wcoWwaa 
ilmtvAUnatfrapJivcaiUiiwuibapunpa. Tkn . 

itnimlidflatt, tt- 

l<>riiii)s i:riinn( nu gnu, aunna, ant foal w«tBer[ 
w|-iiL-|i~ii].i^ a vaTT navinuiT and mariner 10 aTa4d IhBB 
oc Si'vll.1 uid CharrMla, or aa Ikaj WBuld akiinne lb* 
rijv.-1'i :iiinHlf: and no niHiw«*«i><rb«iidlBmak*lbc 
• >,'.' I bni aa, BfihM ikch wUa, Uht hat*, by 
-I. .Mill .11,1 dangemDiHaae nf Ihe rock* Irhiff aeno 
,1 1 1 10 iha aea, mtremd ihlpwraeke. Yet did wa 

.)' ^''.-.ify/rvft/HnofallBlKocaBailealanhaauitea- 

irubi.ij-. rH.jai]ourprovl4tiii of bread, beara, and vkluaN 
In rn.. .|.jirr. aiiDiled hi lying long drowned hi aallwuar 
nr.t>^ir^i,[uidlng WO war* tn*n Ibr tti* mce of nhM 
m..i<iti <, v>e were not only wall retMebM, conlbnad. 
in. I Miriiu.iDdiailetyei>nieMad,b<itoianfilHabonndanc« 
Lhui.'nr jirntdnl ua aome nawaabi* ouaniky and pn 
pcicii 11:1 iif nroTliion In orry ■ fbr Vitfinla, and id laala- 
(ain otinclna and thai company wa fbimd ibara i— 
wherfRire my npfaiion einceiely of lUa Mand l*,'lud 
wh.n... I, huh beena, and <• aill, ucunntcd iha mnl 
te, and (brbineplaM oTAa wvld, 
n, beakbAillail, and FnoaQ [deB*. 
■ud bigoaa** theraofconililerad,] 

orvircfnla.fee. l«0,"r 
Iti Ik n'r Inignagr, and ( 
ItiK ihipiitlil ofworkhig Ibeae 

" Til." latanda i^lhe Bcimndaa," aayaiblanamlira, 

" lit,\f .-/nr been aenHnKcd •■ an JneftoHiBrtf pile of 

rr.rkp.njidadurrtMhoMMMfiiArdiMllr,' bolalllba 
fi:7!,:' ..riK* mrka were bill lloCkaorWnlea, and all Iha 
-»!..< I ihers In all lUi Tragiraa CamaHi Ibal 

'1 ! \rr\ allu»li>iiii to aereral f Im nnalancpa In the 

v.iri' 'U' ji hrrationa rifihla Voya^ hare been 1lliu«raletl 

'V\t' |.i '' Df ibla plaT la Tvry ilmple, Indcpendem of 

ii.i.i »'.'!.» he iMiiki ahakepeerr dcrlied augfeationa 
1..1 II. riio one ia a play by Knbrn Oteen, Eiiililcd 
"TH, I,. miralHtaUByiif AipbonauaKbm of Amgon I'- 
ll!. .:.[!. .r jitheSlubMeirlnlTBleof Oanrge Tiubrr- 
villr.- [..iinnlnnibelinmbnoreleftbafboTihdayortba 
D^r.'Lnx'rnna of Boctacdo, ID wbkb b* It |irob>Uyln. 
ii'k.vl C'T the Mm of iha Diarrlan of CtailbeL Tba 
iiiii.;ii- oi'iiepleo h unqiKXionauy the mailon of ih« 
^K^iUuil hinuett BDgfOUd nodoviK byihepopulu 

■ Trasici 
ill IrouSlei 

Talei, oinilaiad by TurbertUle In Um 
>iaofBundliellallaii^ kc.Srii Iter. 

U« 'ba binu rurnLiliMl bT Onm m tn iHiht •■ IM to 
ilKtKI ftviD ib« ni«(t of Shakipeuv, indfbaTiihtn- 
kn BiK Ihon^ k nieamiT to firilm him fai liii ini- 
iTitii Th> lua Dr. Vln«n[, ihe hIghiT nrptcui Deui 
or WMBdnKer, pdnlnl dbi ■ Fua«o In HifeUui 
Towo to tho Sovh Polo, which la lo be fouud Id 
" lSihn>B HI«Bn of Timllo '■ prfnKd In inT, Ibu 
BU>r h»t« funiMied Iha flnl Ua of Ctbbu, UO ■■ b 

faitjnf (kiini 1wd« 

« 6egn uil • htlft undir Iho polo 
Mbc wrnttn^ ibtj wan liifoiW 
t* ina qiua oflwo monalbea, tU whj 
so BUI : aiup> Ibit ooa diir by cbu 

lamnMnbalt. "Da- 

•fiViiVi''*'"' abonlT mftar Hemeil lo 

nan M iba ahora wbb tha ahlnia boMe, WM nidi 
IjkB ilsna ofpaua. Tha whieb ihjnw Om (<ul vi 
waa out offtira, and cam* villi ibocaintTna'a aan 
la U>icaMM>,iiiloa Dal* Mauds, mmbaaaur 
caiUTM.wkb caiujna of Ui Bwiiaiij abont Ub 
waa ruiIt amaud ; and laada ali^ea, iMixg iij 
kmdi « tMKn, atpitiyioi iban^ Aa( aKraim < 
/nn ikaei. Tbia (U« wac « bjg ihat iha bai 

, Ha waa of nod corpc ___ .. . 

naaof Ua boJIa, wHb a largs du^ pibiiiid 

. coloura. bu far Iha ma« jiaru nlow. Uppmhin 
H wsTD pajDlnd two hanea, nod rod eirclea abAUL 

t fljiM. The haaraafhla head waa eakfumd whjir. 

id bLa appanlL was the ikf niH of a baa« Hwrd id- 

- - ' - cuH Ijke nmo a mule, wlih the bolf 
— • »...,...,.. sihI Ufla of a hone. Tba feel of the 
Ijanl wen folded In Iha aajrda Bkrone, ifUr the manner 
^ abooca. Ht bad In hia hande a bjjna and ahnna 
bowai UKil<t}ng*hnHirwaaniadoarailDeireorthu 

nadsa, Ibatband aAai Iba nannei of 01^ tnae wiih 
abaTpBonea,lnlheileadariron hoadaa. Tba cajxayne 
eaoaed Un W aa>* and diinka, and fare bim uanr 
IhlnRi, andanwiia otfatfa ■rraatloDkiniflaaaa.lnihe 
wbkli ai aoon aaha aawe hla owna llkaoeae, waa ae- 
dajah aftajda, and aunad badu wllh aucbe rkilenca, 

Wboo Iho ca|UTDB had IhiiagTran hincEruTnehBiilIea 
ballea, wllb aln a lookjiiE glaiH, • mnibe, and a 
najra of beadea of glana, lia aenl him to ianda whh 
foonof hla owna nun Mall armnl. gboRlxancr, ihcT 

unia our n»n boa iaJde hla bajida on hla head, and 
poUUfd up cowardi hearen, and our man did ibe lyk«. 

lalamle, bejnjt In Iha baTcn. Thia pam waa rety 
ineiahio anil pIcaaaunL Be mu aaJ dnnatd, and 
In torn dniinainsltftlhapriniorhliTeftennihegfoqnd. 
olhat KiauniH iriihoul any weaponi, bjrhS"likl iiulli 
iwainail iwo of Iheaa, which were joun|wl aiMI bnl 

(hat ^tIu ihcia knTrea, aheuTu,' Inoklnc-alaasM,' 
bailee, bKidaa of claTiull, aadiuchalherlriltea, hr eo 
lyiled their handea, lAai lhc> could hoUx ne notii ; ihan 
raiiacd two pain of ihacheli of iron 10 be p«a nn Ihcir 
loggaa, making ilfnea thai he would also give Ihcm 
•boaa cbiynea, which iheyliked very wall becauieih'^T 
ware mud! aTbrighl and ahinlne malall. And nhertaii 
ihay could owcaiTj ihf m li>cauR ihejrhanda wm full, 
Iba (Xhar gunu wuuld haie rairrpd them, but the 
cajuyna would not auffarlhem. When the/ frH ihe 
■hachcia bM about ihajr lagiiEa, thcT bacnn u> doubt ; 
but Aa cajB™ did I™ '*•"' 'n comlon nnd bade tham 

deceived, (he)' roareJ Ijko biillM, end ciyoil npon Ihejrt 
(real dnill 3'lrlmi, 10 help Iheni. Thrjr nj ihai 

•i^njomfdoBMinj about ihebodio nfihe dead, and 
acaran u hair ihcir boliea pajnled *kh divrra oiloura, 
and that among other there la one leeno bigset than ihe 
raaidua, wbo maktih great minh w'lih rejnjelna. Thli 

Cal dcTyll ther call Sflrbat. and call ihe lew Che- 
la. OneiiriKe.egianieiwhlchtheTlnoke,d«-Jared 
br aignea Ihu ha had seen devTiIri with twa hornet 

ftallOTe Ihaer headaa, with Imt hian ifemiu Id »nr 
EC, and ibal ther case fcrth Ijn al thejr Ihroaiea 
h tirjirt and iekind. The capuirne 
pKi|da Pafojo— ■ T^. — S, ;..i 

It Ihe metalherii of CvDAial OfdMCamAu 
r Bccoum la gloen br Eden, iiH aiiartt. 

'he TnniprH."nralhejiiiHeli>uaacblBge1, "bH 

nonil anil Mirijida la filed al llllfl Hilt Hint. 

'[i!Pi(iern mcitlyilinnisamannlobitacleate their 
. the BhIpwreclieJ bini go leleorelj abasi ib* 

>r iho Ki'iie ipf NaolcH, and of CaJ" — — ' •■'- 

t. aa we fon^KB ihol ther wfU be coi 
1 bj ihe magical akill of (he latter ; KUbingTaiBaina 
fore hnt Ihe puniibmeni of Ihe goDiT, ^ dreadfol 
I which harrow up their cMiaclencee, ihe diacOTBty, 
mat raconclliaHnn. Vel ibia want i^ ae admlnbhr 
lalai br Iha nunc juried In^af oflha laadnatloaa 
etr/and Iha eihilaiulon of minh', IbadetaUaal 
reculinn are ao T017 aftraedTO Ihai b rc4|iilrea oa 
I dagne of auemlonin percelnibai iba danoiNHini 
■■, in aonia maaaura. alreadir eHKataiad In IheaipeaUak 
Tha blHorj of Ihe knt orPeidjnaiid and Ukuda, da- 
Tclopedhi afewahanaunaa.laenchanlinglrbaaHlflili 
-„ .0-^1 — ^-i^^ _#■ -i.j-^^m mBgnanLmky va Iba 
of Iba Tbgln opennaiN of ■ 
' from (he world on an uds- 
ritail 10 diaguiae ha hiauMBi 
' tha princalT hcnnk Fna- 

which tlbej ca 

The man 
> deabe, and a eertajaa awacca 10 
iSof ahta i>baamdbTl>T. Fnaa 

n affeethig e 

nauiiea laianu, naa nereriear noH 10 n iagujaa aa H iHu c aB i 
mof einenla. The vlednra of the princalr hcnnk Pna- 
perehaaa maaical and mrModonaairi the hnpraaalan 
of the black felMhood of ihe two uaurpere ie mkigaud 
'7 Ihe honen gnotplng oftha aid and faithful Oonaalo; 
rrlTiculo and Sicphajio, two good-lbr-nothlng drank- 
n>. And a nonhr aaaoclale In Caliban; and Ariel 
lovineireetlT Drerlba whole aalha paraonHed gaslu* 
rihi^ wonderful fable. 

rraiion uf a pcedeal imaa^nalion. A mixlun ojtba 

Liiuifiunkated 10 a Murid spa. < 
leaacluiallTdiMirenl llunlhe Tulgar kiiavei ofa dH 
led workf, aa thoT era occaalonaUT ponraved br 
hakapeara. Ha la lode, but Mt vulgar ; lia neeei ftlb 
lie Iha pininlcal and low ramlliarilj ofhli dninkan aai 

epenka too In verae.* Ha bu picked up eeery lUng 
dinonanl Slid thnmr In lingoaga, outofwhlch bsha* 

nature- The hateful, repulrtlvr. and pvuilTiicfufmad hava 

I hunlU (o Dur baliaia, at 

[lie liaaaeofBlrlaiMlaba 

tend, Callhnn fignlflei tha hijavj elemenl of 
Va they are ueitliei i>t them a]lea>riFBl ueratau- 
~ ~ " rldudly determined, la gane- 

...... ..'Si 

1 we ifml. In Ibe 

"r^'rfMa? "' 

I ainpeei, m me mainra] pania MBCDCui,Bna wnererer 
ShnkapcEirDavaila'hfnierJfDf the popular belief -In tlu 
loTliible nreienre ornriilL-, .inl the puaaibillti ofctmlnf 
In contictnlih (hem, a rrofnunrt view nfiba Inward lift 
of Nature and hec m;rau:rloiii iipnoga ; wbkh, k la Inia, 

pnei, an pneuy la allDerilicr intompalible with nechani 
cal phyiiFi, hot which few hare piiiaeaaed In aa efiul 
degree wlih Danu and hlmaelf^'f 
ft aaema pcDhable thai ihli play waa written In UIl - 
t BlleveDubciweenlheyean[€fl(landl014. llanueara 
mm Iha MaS. of Venue that the Tempeit waa aoed, 

" oltniyi nvoii in rene." Mr. euevana. It li irua, 

ilir/ are IteTefore in the praaenl editfiHi ao pruitad. 

Bhi^rt proBO rpeechea \n the maW orblank verae. 

t tecturea on Dramailc Lkorature by Auf. WIU. 
FicUegal, iianalaied t>r John Black, ISU. Vol. U. n 



Alohso, JKmg pf Nmpl««. 

SsBAfTiAir, fm Bralker, 

pKOtPxmo. Ihe rigktfid Dmki ^ Milan. 

Awrowtt^ m$ 3r9lker,th9n»urpmt Duk^ of WiMMh, 

FmmmiMAmnf 89m to the King ofUviAtm, 

OowxALO, on kmmi «U Ctfunmkir rf Naples. 

Calibav, « 9axmg% and drftammd Skmu 

TakmnxLO, a Jttter, 

Stspbaho, a dnunkim BuiUr, 

Mmiktr ^m SUpf BoaUwain, and Marinen, 

BCiKAiTDAy Jkm^ihUr to ProaperOi 
Aani., an airy 




Oiker Spiriti tMmdktg on Proapero. 

SCENE, Ijbt Aia, witA a 5Aw; tfigrwmdt 
MninhtMud IdimtL 


SCENE !.— On a 5%^ ae Sea. .4 5lors m^ 
Tkmnder and Lightnmg. Enitar a Ship-master 
aa<f a Boatswain. 



Bsoti. Here, BMSter : wiiat cheer t 
MmU Good : speak to the mariners : fall to't 
Tarelr,* or we run ourselTea afroand : beatir, be* 
stir. [Exit. 

£nler Mariners. 

BtiU, Heigh, mj hearts ; cheerly, cheerly. my 
baarts ; yare, yare : Take in the too-sail ; Tend 
to the master^ whistle. — Blow till tnoa burst thy 
wind, if room enou^ ! 

i?nf«r ALomo, Skbastiaf, AifTonio, FxmDi- 
HAITD, GoirxALO, oad otimn, 

jMm, Oood ]3oatswaiu. hare care. Where's 
the master 7 Play the men.^ 

JBotdB, I pray now, keep below. 

JhL Where is the master, boatswain ? 

jSaoCt. I>o you not hear him 7 Ton mar onr la- 
bour ! Inep jrour cabins : you do assist the storm. 

Oan, Nay, good, be patient. 

Hoals. When the sea is. Hence ! What care 
tlieae roarers for the name of king 7 To cabin : 
silence : trouble us not. 

€hn. Good; yet remember whom thou hast 

BaatB. None that I more love than myself. You 
are a counsellor ; if you can command these ele- 
ments to silence, and work the peace of the pre- 
sent,^ we will not hand a rope more ; use your 
aidhori^. If you cannot, give thanks you nave 
lived so long, and make yourself ready in your cabin 
far the mischance of the hour, if it so hap.— > 
C h e arly , good hearts. — Out of our way, I say. 


Chn, I have great comfort from this fellow: 
If thinkf^ he hath no drowning mark upon him ; his 
oomplezion is perfect gallows. Stand fast, good 
fiite, to his hanging ! make the rope of his destiny 
our cable, for our own doth little advantage ! if he b« 
■ot bom to be hanged, oar case is niiserable. [EsnmL 

1 From the FoUo Edition of 1638. 

3 llkat is, readily, nimbly. 

S That is, act with spirit, behave like men. Thus 
9arsC in his Alvearle : " To play the man^ or to show 
Umsslf a valiant man in any matter. 8e vinmi ivs> 
V&n.** P.SM. 

*< Ytoeroys and peers of Turkey pfay th$ tnm.^ 

fyunbartainef 1890. 

4 The pmeniitutmHL 

f In 8«Mi*s Sea Grammar, IttT, 4io. nndsr the artl- 
€to How 10 handle a 8hipina8tonns:— "Lscnslieas 
SHusOftsMrflnoAieMffte; that is. to hale the tacke 
tto aheec dose aft, the bomg set up, and the 

H^^nfcr Boatswain. 

JBoeii, Down with the top-mast ; yare ; lower, 
lower^ bring her to try with main course.* [A 
ay wUkm.] A plague upon this howling ! they are 
louder than the wetUher, or our oflke.— 

JKe-cnIcr Ssbastiait, AHTono, and GoirxAi.0. 

Tet uain ! what do you hear 7 Shall we give o'er, 
and drown 7 Have you a mind to sink 7 

Seb, A poK o' your throat ! you bawling, blas- 
phemous, uncharitable dog ! 

Hoots. Work you. then. 

AnL Hang, cur, hang ! you whoreson, insolent 
noise-maker, we are less ainid to be drowned than 
thou art. 

Oon. m warrant him from drowning : thoitgh 
the ship were no stronger than a nut-ahell, and as 
leaky as an unstanched* wench. 

Boait, Lay her a^hold. arhold: set her two 
courses ;* on to sea again, lay her off*. 

Enter Mariners, wet. 

Mar, All lost ! to prayers, to prayers ! all 1m| ! 


BealM, What, must our mouths be cold 7 
Oini. The king and prince at prayers ! let na 

assist them. 

For our case is as theirs. 
8eb, I am out of patience. 
Ant, We are merely' cheated of our lives by 

This wido-chi4iDed rascal ; — 'Would, thou mi|^t'st 
lie arownuig. 

The washing of ten tides ! 
Chm, Hell be hanged yet ; 

Though every drop of water awear against it, 

And gape at wid'st to slut* him. 

[A eonfiteed noiee loiclkNi.] Mercy on ns !— Wo 

split, we split !— FarewtfU ray wife and children I— 

Farewell, brother !— We split, we split, we split.— 
AnL Let's all sink with the king. lExiL 

<Se6. Let's take leave of hinu [E^riL 

Chn. Now would I give a thousand furlongs of 

sea for an acre of barren ground; long'* heath, 

8 Mr. Sceevens says tnconltntfnl, but the meaning is 
evidenL In Beaumont and Fletcher's Mad Lover 
Chilas says to the frightened priestess : 

Down, yon dojg, then ; 

Be quiet and be etpuneh too, no immiatiene, 

7 The eouress are the main sail and fore saiL Tolay 
asA4pa-Aold,istobringhertoIle as nearthe wind a« 
she can, bi orderto keep dear of the land and get her 
out to sea. 

8 Jferdjr.absolately, entirely; Jlfers,Lat. 

9 To enghtt, to ewiucw him. 

10 Instead ommv heath, ftrmrn fttraa. kc Sir Tho 
mas Hanmerfaads--Vv,lMaih,to«e»i, Ulna, ftcand 
Ibave no doubt rightly. 


brown fbne, any thinf: The wilta ibore be dgoe ! 
but I would &in die a diy death. ■ [£siL 

SCENE n. TVIirfand: ftfTorvflWCiffofPlroe- 
pero. Enter Pmotrsmo mtd Muafda. 

JUBra. Ifbyyourart^mydeafeetfiither, youhaTe 
Pat the wild waters in this roar, allay them : 
The sky, it seems, would poor down stinking pitch, 
But that the sea, mountiiit to the welkin's cheek, 
Dashes the fire out. O, f hare sufTer'd 
With those that I saw suffer ! a brare vessel. 
Who had no doubt some noble creature in her, 
DashM aU to pieces. O, the cry did knock 
Afainst my rery heart ! Poor souls ! they perish'd. 
Had I been any god of power, I would 
Have sunk the sea withm the earth, or e*er> 
It should the good ship so hsTe swaDowed, and 
The fireightla^ soub within her. 

Pro, ' Be collected: 

No more amasement : tell your piteous heart, 
There's no harm done. 

Jiflro. O.woetheday! 

Pf^ No harm. 

I hare done nothing but in care of thee, 

J Of thee, my dear one ! thee, my daughter !) who 
Lrt ignorant of what thou art, nought knowing 
Of whence I am ; nor that I am more bettor* 
Than Prospero, master of a full poor cell, 
And thy no greater fiuher. 

jftra. More to know 

Did nerer meddle^ with my thoughts. 

Pr^ 'Tistime 

I should inibrm thee fiirther. Lend thy hand, 
4y l pluck my magick garment lirom me.— So : 

[Lm« down hU mtmiU, 
Jj» there, my art.^— Wipe thou thine eyes ; |iaTe 

The direful spectacle of the wreck, which tMch'd 
The Tery virtue of compasnon in thee, 
I have with such provision in mine art 
80 safely order'd, that there is no soul- 
No, not so much perdition as an hair. 
Betid to any creature in the vessel 
Which thou heard'st cry, which thou saw*st sink. 

Sit down ; 
For thou must now know fbrther. 

Mxra, You have often 

Begun to tell me what I am ; but stopp'd 
And led me to a bootless inquisition ; 
Concluding, fi^tey, nalyei, — 

Pro, Tlie hoar's now come ; 

The very minute bids thee ope thine ear ; 
Obey, and be attentive. Can'st thou remember 
A time before wo came unto this cell 7 
I do not think thou can'st ; for then thou wast not 
Out* three years old. 

otfiro. Certamlv, sir, I can. 

Pro, By what? by any other house, or person 7 
Of any thing the image tell me, that 
Hath kept with thy remembrance. 

JITira. Tis far off ; 

And rather like a dream than an assurance 

That my remenibranee w an ants : Had I boC 
Four or five women once, that tended me t 

Fro, Thou bad'st, and more, Bfirandn; Bol 
how is it. 
That this lives in thy mind 7 What seest thoa abt 
In the dark backward and abjrsm* of time 7 
If thou remember'st aught, ere thou eam'st haray ; 
How eam'st thou here, thou may*st. 

Mara. But that I do MC 

Pro, Twelve years since, Miranda^ twalv* 
years since. 
Tliy father was the duke of Milan, aad 
A prince of pvwer. 

JMiro. Sir, are not yon my lather 7 

Pro, Thy mother was a piece of virtMy and 
She said— thou wast my daughter: and thy falhsi 
Was duke of Milan ; and his only heir 
A princess ;— no worse issued. 

irtra. 0,thehea?ewt 

What foul play had we, that we came fir o m th snca 7 
Or Uessod was't we dkl 7 

Pro. Both, both, my gill : 

By foul play, as thou sav'st, where we heav'd tneooe ; 
But blessedly hdp hitner. 

Mira, O, my heart bleeds 

To think o' the teen* that I have turned you tO| 
Which is from my remembrance I Please jtm 

Pro, My brother, and thy undo, caUM AnfontO" 
I pray thee, mark roe, — that a brother should 
Be so perfidious ! — he whom, next thyseU^ 
Of all the world I lov'd, and to him piit 
The manage of m^ state ; as, at that time, 
Through aU the signiories it was the first. 
And Proepero the prime duke ; being so repotod 
In dignity, and, for the liberal arts. 
Without a parallel ; those being dl my atndy, 
Tlie government I cast upon my brother. 
And to my sUte grew straiijger, being transported. 
And wrapped in secret studies. Thy false uncle- 
Dost thou attend me 7 

Mira. Sir. most heedfidly. 

Pro, Being once perfectea how to grant suits. 
How to deny them ; whom to advance, and whom 
To trash' for overtopping ; new created 
The creatures that were mine ; I say, or changed 

Or else new form'd them : having bolh the key 
Of officer and office, set all hearU i' th' state 
To what tunc pleas'd his ear ; that now he was 
The ivy. which had hid my princolv trunk. 
And suck'd my verdure out on't.r-T6ou attead'stnol . 
Mira, O good sir, I do. 
Pro, I pray thee mark me. 

I thus neglecting worldly end*, all dedicate 
To closeness, and the bettering of my mind 
With that, which, but by being so rettr'd. 



I I. e. or ever, ere ever ; signifying, In modem Eng- 
lish, swrner tton or any fiiiw. 

9 Instead of freighting the first folio reads/irou^Aftn^. 

t The double superlaiive is in frequent use among 
our elder wrhers. 

4 To meddU, isto mtjr, or 10 interfert whh. 

« Lord Burleigh, when he put offhis gown at night, 
used 10 say " iJe there, Lord Treasurer."— JWfer»« 

Holy State, p. 857. .»«..., 

« Out is used (or enHrtfy, quite. Thus in Act Iv: 

"And be a boy right oMf." , , ... ^ 

7 .A6y«m was uieoki mods of spelling oAyss; from 

fts French original abisme, 

8 3%eii is nief, sorrow. 

9 Th traeh means to check the pace or progress of 
any one. The term Is said to be scUl In use among 
■portsmen in the North, and signifies to correoadof 
nr misbehaviour In pursuing the game ; or overtopping 
or outrunning the rest of the pad. Traehee are clogs 
■trapped round the neck of a dog to prevent his over- 

nz'd all popular rate, in my false brother 
Awak'd an evil nature : and my tnist. 
Like a {good parent,*^ did beget of him 
A falsehood, in its contrary as great 

camber and trash^^ — '* to traoA or overslow " — and 
" fore«lowed and trashy." 

There was another word of the same kind used in 
Falconnr (from whence 8hak8|)eare verv frequently 
draws nta similies ;) ** Tnusing h when a hawk 
raises a)oA any Tfiwl, ami soaring with it, at length 
descends therewith to the ground." — Dicttonaritan 
Rutticum, 1704. 

Probably this term is used by Chapman in his ad 
dress to the reader prefixed to his translation of Homer 
"That whosesoever muse dares use her wing. 
When his muse fllea she will be traaoH by his, 

And show as if a Bernacle should spring 
Beneath an Eagle.** 
There is also a passage In the Bonduca of Beanmoa* 
and Fletcher, whereto Caratach savs : 

"1 fled too. 
But not so fkst : your jewel had been lost then, 
Toung Hengo there, he traaht me, JDfeoniu*.** 
i. e. checked or stopped my fligfau 
I rather think it will be found (hat thB.Kdttprs have 

gpeedi been very preclpitaie In changing trace to trtuk In 

^Todd has given lburbistaneesftomHammoQd*s works Oiheno, Act IL Bcenel. 8pe note on that j[)sMng». 
cTilH wocd m this ssase. «*(Uoff aadlrw**^— **«i I 1) AiMingmtheohaeTTaikmth»ca|ktbatib6Ta/jka 




Am my trust wu ; which had. indeed, no limn, 

A confideace sans bound. He bein£ thus loroed. 

Not only with what my reTenue yieUed. 

But what my power might else ezacL— like one, 

Who having, unto truth, by telling or it. 

Made such a ainner of hia memory^ 

To credit hit own he,*— he <tid beliere 

He waa indeed the duke ; out of the auba titutioa, 

And executing the outward &ce of rmralty. 

With all prerogatives — ^Hence hit ambition 

Growing— Doet hear 7 

3fira. Tour tale, air, would cure dea&eaa. 

Fro, To have no acreen between thia part he 
And him ne play'd it f<Mr, he needs will be 
Absolute Milan : Me, poor man ! — ^my library 
Was dukedom large enough ; of temp^«l roy altioB 
He thinka me now incapable : confederates 
(So dry he was fi>r sway) with the king of Ni^dea, 
To give him annual tribute, do him homafie ; 
Subject hia coronet to his crown, and bona 
The dukedom, yet unbow*d, (alas, poor Milan !) 
To most ignoble atooping. 

JMira. O the heavena . 

Pro, Mark his condition, and the event ; then 
tell me, 
If this might be a brother. 

3lira. I should nn 

To think but* noUy of my grandoMther : 
Good womba have borne bad sons. 

Pro. Now the condition. 

This king of Naples, being an enemy 
To me inveterate, hearkens my broUier|8 suit ; 
Which was, that ne in lieu' o* the premisoa,— 
Of homage, and I know not how much tribute,— 
Should presently extirpate me and mine 
Out of the dukedom ; and confer fair Milan, 
With all the honoura. on my brother : Whereon, 
A treacherous army levied, one midni^t 
Fated to the ourpose, did Antonio open 
The gates of Miuin ; and, i* the dead of darkness, 
Tho ministers for the purpose hurried thence 
Me. and thy crying selfl 

Jmro. Alack, fer pl^ ! 

I^ot remembering how I cried out then, 
Win err it o*er again ; it is a hint,^ 
That wnngs mine eyes to'C 

Pro. Hear a little fhrther. 

And then ni bring thee to the present business 
Which how's upon us ; without the which, this story 
Were most impertinent. 

JIftra. Wheref(ve did they not 

Timt hour destroy us? 

Pro, Well demanded, wench ; 

Vj tale provokes that question. Dear, they durst 

iSo dear the love my people bore me) nor set 
L nuuk so bloody on tne ousiness ; but 
With colours fairer painted their foul ends. 
In few, they hurried us aboard % bark ; 
Bon us some leagues to sea ; where they prepar'd 
A rotten carcass of a boat, not rigg'd. 

common rate ofmea has generaUy a aon below k. He- 
rommJUii naxm. 

1 "Who having made his memory such a sinner to 
OTtth as to credit his own lie by telling of it.'* 

3 Tooke, In his Diversions of Purley. has clearly 
wn that we use one word, But. in modem English, 
Mr two words Boc and But, originally (in the Anglo 
Saxon) very diflerem in significatton, though (by re- 
peatad abbrsviatkm and corruption) apprniching in 
•oond. Hot is the imperative of the A. 8. Boton, loloot 
Bm is the imperative of the A. 8. Be-utan, to be ouL 
By this means all the seemingly anomalous uses of But 
maj be explained ; I must however conteni mrsetf wkh 
referring the reader to the Diverrioas of Purley, vol. i. 
Ik IMl lierelT remarking that but (as diMinguishod 
som Sot) and be-out iiave exactly the same meaning, 
ids. in modem English, wrilkouL 

S In Ueu of the preroisea ; that is, "fai eoneideraHon 
of the wemlses, — fee'* This seems to us a strange use 
«f this French word, yet it was not then onusuaL 

** But takes their oaths in Ueu of her assiitance.** 
BeaaimmU and FUtcKefe rnpkttmt. 

Nor tackle, sail, nor mast ; the very rats 
Instinctively had quit' it ; tJ 

, - , there they hoiat ns, 

To cry to the sea that roar'd to us : to sigh 
To the winds, whoae pity, n^bing nack again, 
Did us but loving wrong. 

AfiTB. Alack! what trouble 

Was I then to you ! 

Pro, O! a cherubim 

'nmu wast, that did preserve me! Thou didst smile, 
Infuse ' with a fortitude from heaven. 
When I have deck'd* the sea with drops fiiU salt ; 
Under my burden groan'd ; which rais'd in me 
An undergoing stomach,* to bestr up 
Afninst wnat should ensue. 

Mira, How came we ashora? 

Pro. By Providence divine. 
Some food we had, and some fresh water, that 
A noble Neapolitan. Gonxalo, 
Out of his charity, («iHbo betiig then appdatad 
Master of this dengn,) did^ve us ; with 
Rich ffannents, linens, stufis, and necessaries. 
Which since nave steaded much ; so, of his gM* 

Knowing I lov'd my books, he fumish'd m«, 
From my own library, with volumes that 
I prize above my dukedom. 

Mira. 'Would I migit 

But ever see that man ! 

Pro, Now I arise : — 

Sit stin, and hear the last of our sea-sorrow. 
Here in this island we arriv'd ; and here 
Have I, thy achool-maater, made thee more pr^kt 1 
Than other princes can, that have more time 
For vainer hours, and tutors not so carefid, 

JUins. Heavens thank you fer*t! And now C 
pray you, siiy 
(For stiU *tis beating m my ound,) your reason 
For raising tins sea-storm/ 

Pro. Enow thus far forth. - 

By accident most strange, bountifhl fortune, 
Now my dear lady, hath mine enemies 
Brought to this shore : and by my prescience 
I find my zenith doth depend upon 
A most auspicious star ; whose influence 
If nov^ I court not, but omit, my fortunes, 
Will ever after droop.^ — ^Here cease mors questiona ; 
Thou art inclinM to sleep ; 'tis a good dulness. 
And give it way ;— I know thou can*8t not choose^-* 

[MiRAHDA deepo. 
Come away, servant, come : I am ready now ; 
Approach, my Ariel ; come. 

EnUr AaiXL. 
JrL All hail, great master! grave sir, hafl! I 
To answer thy best pleasure ; be't to fly, 
To swim, to dive into the fire, to ride 
On the curHd clouds* ; to thy strong bidding, task 
Ariel, and all his quality*. 

P^» Hast thou, smrit, 

Perform'd to pomti' the tempest that Ibade thee ? 

4 Hint is here (or canue or eubfecL Thus In a Aitura 
passage we have :— " Our hint of woe.»» 
8 Quit was commonly used for quitted, 

6 To deck, or deg^ is still used in the northern eoun- 
ties for to eprinUe. 

7 An undergoing etomaek is a etuHom reootutkm. 
a temper or frame of mind to bear. 

8 This is imitated in Fletcher*8 FaithfU Shepherdess ; 

** t ell me, sweetest, 

What new service now is meetest 
For the satyrs : shall I stray 
In the middle air, and itay 
The saUing racke, or nimbly take 
Hold by the moon, and feittly make 
Buit to the paie queen or nigtk. 
For a beame to give thee light? 
Bhalll dive into the aea. 
And bring thee coral, making way 
. Through the rimng waves, fee.** 

9 Ariel's qualtty is not his confederates, but the pewert 
of hie nature as a spirit, kiequalijkation in eprMUing 

10 i. e. to the minutest article, literally ftma the Frenn 
apoitUi so hi the Chances, 

" — aieyouallflt? 



An, To every artide* 
f boarded the king't ship ; now on the beak*, 
* Now in the waist, the oeck, in ^^nrr cabin. 
I flamM amazement : Sometimei, Pd diTuie, 
And bum m many plaeea ; on the top*mast. 
The yards, and M>wspnt, would I flame distinctly, 
Then meet, and join : Jove's lightnings, the pre- 
O* the dreadful thunder-dape, more momentary 
And sight-out nmning were not : The fire, and 

Of solphurous roaring, the most micfatj Neptune 
Seem^ to besiege^ aiM make his bol((waT08 tremble, 
Yea, his dread tndent diake. 

Pro. My brate niirit ! 

Who was so firm, so constant, that this coil* 
Would not infect his reason 7 

An. Not a sool 

But felt a (ever of the mad*, and play'd 
Some tricks of desperation : All, but marmera, 
Flung'fi in the filming brine, and (juit the ressel. 
Then mil »>fire with me : the lung's son, Ferdinand, 

With hair up-etaring (then like reeds, not hair,) 
Was the first man that leap*d ; cried, J3e0 Utmptyf 
And aU Ihe devUa an Aere. 

Pn. Why, that's my spirit ! 

But was not this nigh shore 7 

AfL Close by, my master. 

Pro. But are they, Ariel, safe 7 

ArL Not a hair peridi'd ; 

On their sustaining garments not a blenusn, 
But fresher than before : and as thou bad'st me. 
In troops I hare dbpers'd them 'bout the isle : 
The kinfl^s son hare I landed by himself; 
Whom I lefl cooling of the air with sighs, 
In an odd ansle of ue isle, and sitting. 
His arms in this sad knot. 

Pro. Of the king's ship. 

The mariners, say, how thou hast disposed, 
And all the rest o* the fleet? 

An. Safely in harbour 

Is the king's ship ; in the deep nook, where once 
Thou call'st me up at midnight to fetch dew 
From the still-vez'd Bermoothes,* there she's hid : 
Tlie mariners all under hatches stow'd : 
Whom, with a charm join'd to their sufler'd labour, 
I have lefl asleep : and for the rest o' the fleet, 
Which I disperi ii they all have met andn ; 
And are upon (he Medjterransan flote^* 
Bound saaly home for Naples ^ 
Supposing tnat they saw tne long's ship wreck'd. 
Ana his great person perish. 

Pro. Ariel, thy charge 

Exactly is performed : but there's more work : 
What u the time o' the day 7 

An. Past the mid season. 

Pro. At least two glasses : the time 'twizt six 
and now 
Must by us both bo spent most preciously. 

Art. Is there more toil 7 since thou must gire mo 
Let me remember thee what thou hast promis'd. 
Which is not yet perform'd me. 

Pro. How now 7 moody 7 

What is't thou can'st demand 7 

Ari. My liberty. 

Pro. Before the time be out 7 no more. 

Ari. I pray thee 

Remember, I have done thee worthy service : 
Told thee no Ues, made no roistakinffs, serr'a 
Without or grudge or grumblings ; uou didst pro- 
To bate me a full year. 

1 The bea/t was a strong pointed body at the head or 
ancient jralleyg : it ia used here for the forecastle or bolt- 
spriL The wuti fai the pait between the quarter-deck 
and the forecastle. 

S Coil M hutte, htmulL 

8 Tha» M such a ferer as madmen feel when the 
flmnik: fit jb ou them. 

4 The epithet here applied to the Bermudas will be 
Mst understood by those who have seen the chafing of 

Pro. Doat thou fbrgot 

From what a torment I did free thee? 

Aru No. 

Pro, Thou doat ; and thmk'st it nodi, to traaJ 
Ofthe salt deep;— 

To run upon the sharp wind of the north ; 
To do me bosinees in the veins o' the earth. 
When it is bak'd with frost 

ArL I do not, nr. 

Pro. Thou Host, malignant thing! Hast tfaov 
Tlie foul witch, Sycoraz, who, with age and eavy. 
Was frown into a hoop 7 hast thou fergot her? 

Aru No, sir. 

Pro. Thou hast: where was she boTB 7 

sp««k : tell me. 

Ari. Sir, in Argier.* 

Pro. O, was she so 7 I most, 

Once in a month, recount what thou hast been, 
Which thou forget'st. TUs damn'd witch, Syconi« 
For mischiefii manifold, and sorceries ternble 
To enter human hearing, fit>m Argier, 
Thou know'st, was baaish'd ; for one thing she did« 
They would not take her life : Is not this true ? 

Ari, Ay^ sir. 

Pro, 1^18 blue-ey'd hag was hither brought with 
And here was lefl by the sulors : Thou, my slave. 
As thou report'st thyself was then her servant : 
And, for thou wast a spirit too delieate 
To act her earthly and abhorr*d comnuuids. 
Refusing her grand bests,* she did confine tnee« 
By help of her more potent minbters, 
And in her most unmitigable rage, 
Into a cloven pine: within whidi rift 
Imorison'd, thou mdst painfully remain 
A aoxen years ; within which n>ace she died. 
And lefl thee there ; where tnou didst vent tny 

As fast as mill-wheels strike : llien was this island, 

iSave for the son that she did litter here, 
i freckled whelp, hag-bom) not honoured frith 
A human shape. 

Ari, Tes ; Caliban her son. 

Pro, Dull thing, I say so ; he, that Caliban, 
Whom now I keep in service, lliou best know'st 
What torment I did find thee in : thy groans 
Did make wolves howl, and penetrate the breasts 
Of ever-angry bears : it was a torment 
To lay upon the damn'd^which Sycorax 
Could not again undo ; it was mine art. 
When I arriv'd. and heard thee, that made gape 
The pine, and let thee ouL 

Aru I thank thee, master. 

Pro, If thou more murmur'st, I will rend an oak. 
And peg thee in his knotty entrails, till 
Thou hast howl'd away twelve winters. 

Ari, Pardon, master : 

I wiii be correspondent to conunand. 
And do my spnghting gently. 

Pro, Do so ; and afler two days 

I will discharge thee. 

Ari. That's my noble master ! 

What shall I do 7 say what 7 what shall I do 7 . 

Pro, Go, make thyself like a nymph o' the sea ; 
be subject 
To no sight but thine and mine ; invisible 
To evenr eyeball else. Go, take this shape. 
And hither come m't : go hence, with diligence. 

[E»a AmiKi^ 
Awake, dear heart, awake ! thou hast slept well ; 

the sea over the nigged rocks by which they are sur- 
rounded, and which renders access to them so di/BcoIi. 
It was then the current optnion that Bermudas was tn« 
haMied by monstera and devila. Seteboe, the god of 
Caliban's dam, was an American devil, worshlj^ed l^ 
the giants of Patagonia. 
6 1. e. waves, or the sea. Plot, Fr. 

6 The old English name ofJUgiert 

7 Beheoto, eommandt 

. Jfow. Hi* itruignMH oT fain itorj put 

Fn. KhABltofF: Come on; 

WaV Tint CaUu Bj (lam, wbn D«nr 
TicUK la kiDd uawar. 

ifira. TJM K nlUio, or, 

I d> DDl kra io knk ML 

Pn, But, ai 'tk, 

Wa eUuM Bin' him: be doM uka oar tn, 
FaUh io our mod; and nrrgi in oCch 
That proai iH. Whil bo! iIhs I CilibanI 
Thov eutb, ibou I ipaik. 

at. ItyWm.} Tlian'* mod uKugh mthiit. 

As. Conta forth, I aaj g Ibera'i uibir Uuinau 

Caaalbft^lhau toftain! whaDT* 

R—MB AaiiL, IA( a Wottr-iqp^ 
nna appariuoB ! M j qualat* Aria), 
Haik IB tbioe w. 

Jlrit Uj lard, it aball ba dona. lEmi. 

Prt. TVhi pnacBsui il&Ta, got bj th» dnit bim- 

I7|ian iby viekad dam, oima Ibilb ! 
EiUir C<L»i^. 

CW. Ai tilckHl doo M a'ar mrmolhar bnuh'd 
Willi nran'a fcithai freta Dimhelctoina fen, 
Dma on jou botb I a aoalh-weai blow on ya, 
Ana bliatflr joa all o^arJ 

Prt, For Ibii, ba luro, to-mgbt thou ahali baTe 


ffide-«ttch« uiat iball pan tbr breath up ; i 

DL.II r„ .1... ,j„l ^ „[j],| ^, ^jy „„ ^g^ 

AH ntarcii 
A* thick aa boner ' 

: thouahallba 

, Jomba, a. ' ' 

Han beea that made them. 

Walar with barriai in'l ; and teach ne how 
To name tbe bagflfir light, and bow the Ian, 
nal bum br day aixl niihl : and then I lor'd the 
And aheVd Ibee all the quaUtiai o' the iile, 
Tlw freah ipiingi, biina pu, barren place, and ft 

Cnraed be I ^ did so I— All the ehama 
or Breorai, loada, beeilH, bate, light oB you ! 
Fat I am all the aubjecU that you ban. 
Which Grt> wai mine own king : and here 700 ■ 

Whom idipe* maymore, BOt IdndBeB : 1 hare uiM 


nth aa thou an 

t, irith bamtD care ; uul lo<t(>d thcr 

In mine own ce 1. tut Ihon didtt m^ to rioUie 


», child. 


xdainiOLouiKm. Tba pluuettBil 


( Qufal^in 


■be Fnncta cbixU. 

4 OnMu -er 

ailed »^,.uT>"<) i> l> probablelE:. 



Ie"^^! bet^ uXm'" deemed : 




"P"" "u'SSroEhto.'Uhe'Krj 

dM Urr iuU rem 


UqHcofnlfhL So,in 



■rtto of Ihe night." «.! 


-. u. quiet and ailll 



..ou ib«a Tteknary beUige 

Thii ide wilh ClIibaiB. 

Pro. AbbwTcd alava j 

Which anj-prmt of (nodaen will not uka, 
BeiDit capable uT all ill < 1 pitied thee. 
Took pauu to make thee ■peak, taught ihee eacft 

One ihiof or other ; when thoo didil not, aarage, 
Know thine own meaning, but woulditt gahUe im 
A UuDg molt bruliah, I endowed thy parpoaBO 
With wordi Ibal made then known : Bui thy Til* 

Hough tliou didfl lea^^ bad that iu't which good 

9 lanruage ; and my profit oa 
ae: Tbe red plague rid* ya 


Cot Tou taught 1 
le, I know how 10 c 
For learuing me yoi 

Fetch ui 

To anawar other buaineaa. 8farB(>eltb. , 
If thou neElect'iI, or deal UDwillinily 
WbalIcommand,mracktheewilhold«. , , 
Fill all thy bunei wilfa acbeai* make thee roar. 
That beaata aball tremble at thy dm 1 

Cot No, 'pray thee [— 
I muii obey ; fab art ii of aiKb power, [Amk 

It would control my dtn'i god, Setabot,* 
And make a Taaaal of biDL 

Pn. 80, ^T«; banco! 

[EaU Catnav 

Sm nitr Axiri. mtuihti, ml mii ^ and tmtinn 

FxaDTRAiiD fiiemg Urn. 


Cavfwd wAm you taK, aid tiit'd, 

Rl ilfiadf ikn aid HWr*; 
Ai^ naeifRnEM, Ml Iwidn tar. 

Bur. Bow^wowgfa. 
71W laaM-ibfi tvt 

Tin lAna ^ itnittriv d 
Cn, Cadi-aHbniat-&t. 

Some jod of the ialand. Silting on a bank, 
Weeping again the king my fataer*B wreck, 
Hie music crept by me upon the waten j 
Allaying both their fury, and my paaaion. 
With ii> iweet air : theace I bin foUoi^d it, 
OriibatbdrawnrDoialber; — But'liagMW. 
No, it begin again. 

thiu prnnouivlnf h ai Ihe m«uuTfl raqalrea. "Mtf*^ 
H/i Ban* In hli AlYcerla, " ii the nrboT Ihii mboa- 
live .trtr, ch balncnimed Into k." And ihuacbewu 

Kind dnubt i/f the p*Baga h Much Ado abnut Rgtfalng, 
wblch Hugam uke Beavke for whu ahe criaa 
Helfb ho, and abe anawen fbr an A. I. a. ocAe. Beeihe 
Eplgrara of Heywosd adduced toi IllomaUon of that 
paaaaga; Thie enbography and pronnnolaikw conil- 
noedarenlollMtilnaaorBuIkTandBwIft.. Awooldb* 

t " Tbe itUnu when iher found ihaaiHliiH homd 
roared Ilka bulla, and cried upon Btaitt lobelpdMB*' 
— Cdrn-f Hiil. ij TmofU, iVn. p. tM 



Abibl nBgt. 

OjUm himm anr earv< mmiti 
7%m mn pt«rU thai uwt hiMijf€$ : 

Nolhng of hm that doth frnk^ 
Shu doth mijfkr a 9ta<ihangt 
JmU immCUm^ rkh and ttnmg*, 
8 t m mj f mp h$ mntr^ ring hukmU: 

HM ! MOW I hear themj^dmg'dimgfOdL 

JPkr, Tlie dittj doet remember my drownM Ik- 
Tlkii is no mortal bqfiiiew, nor do 901mA. 
That the e^th owes t*— I hear it now above meu 

. Prtw The fringed curtains of thine eje adrancey 
And wT) what thou leest yond'. 

JIfira. What ia't 7 a spirit 7 

Locd^ bov It loohs about ! Believe me, sir. 
It ca/ries a brave ibrm :— Bat 'tis a spirit. 

Pn, No, wench ; it eats and sleeps, and hath 

such senses 

As we have, such; Tins gallant, which thoo »«•(« 

Was in the wreck ; and mit he*s something stain'd 

With grief^ t)mt*s beauty's canker, thou might'st 

call him 
A ioodly person: he hath lost his ibllowa, 
And strays about to find them, 

Mira. I might call him 

A thing divine ; fiw.nathing natural 
I ever spew so noble. 

Pro, It goes 00, 1 see, ^Atide, 

As my soul prompts it ;-H9pirit, fine Spirit ! Fllfree 

Within two days lor tUs. 

fkr. Most wre. the goddess 

On whom these airs attend ! — Youcbsaw, my prayer 
May know, if you remain upon this island ; 
And that you will some good instruction give, 
How I may bear me here ; My Drime request, 
Which I do last pronounce, is, you woiuler ! 
If you be nuud,* or no 7 

ACrv, No wonder, sir ; 

But, certunly a maid. 

/W. Mylanguagot heavens! — 

I am the best of them that spesk this speech. 
Were I but where 'tis spoken. 

Fn. Howl the best? 

What wcrt thou, if the king of Naples heard thee 7 

/It. A single thing, as I am now, that wonders 
To hear thee speak of Naples : he does hear me ; 
And, that he does, I weep : myself am Naples : 
Who with mine eyes, ne'er since at ebb, behela 
The king my father wreck'd. 

Mhra. Aladc, for mercy ! 

f\w, YeiL faith, and all his lords ; the duke of 
And his brave son, being twain. 

Pro. The diike of Milan, 

And lus more braver daughter, could controP thee. 
If now 'twere fit to do't : — ^At the first si^t [Adds. 
They have chang'd eyes ;— Delicate Ariel, 
I'll set (hee free for this !— A word, good sir ; 
I fear, you have done yourself some wrong :* a 

JIfira. Why speaks my fitther so unptntly 7 This 
Is the third q^ that e'er I saw ; the first 
That e'er I si^ied for : pity move my father 
To be inclin'd my way ! 

Fkr. O, if a vir|in. 

And your alTeetkm not gOM forth, rU 1 


ILe. oirn*. To M»e was lu poMCM or a/gper/om to, 
in siieitnt lanfuage. 

3 The Tulio of 1085 reeds mode, ond many oT the mo- 
dem cdiiun have laboured 10 |»ersuads themselves ihst 
It was the true mding. It has beeii juMlj obaerved by 
M. Mason that the question It " wh^er our readers 
will adopt a natural and simple ezpreasion. which re- 
quires no comment, or one which the higenuky of snany 
eoroineniatora has but imperfectly aupported." 

3 To eontroi here signifies to confute, to contrsdict 
unsnuworablv. The anricii meaning of eontroi was to 
cheek or exhibit a contrary account, from the old French 

4 '* you have dons yoorself some wrong:** 


one vrord 
bat this 

The queen of Naples. 

Pro, flofl, 

They are both in cither's 

I must uneasy mak^ lest Mo-Hght w in s i ny [^ 
Make the pnxe lighl.»-One vrord asoro ; i cknrK* 

That thou attend me : thoa dost bora usurp 
The name thou ow'st not ; and haa( put tkyasir • 
Upon this island, as a spy, to win it 
From me, the lord on't. 

FW. ' No,B0lamaiMak 

Afini. There's nothing ill can dwell m sudi a 
temple : 
If the ill spirit have ao foir an house, 
Grood things will strivo to dwell with 't* 

Ane. Folkrw me. — [7^ Fsao. 

Speak not you for him ; he's a traitor.— Coma. 
rU manacle thv neck and feet together ; 
Sea-water shsJt thou drink, thy food shall ba 
The fresh-brook muscles, wither'd roots, and hndks 
Wherein the acorn ciadlad : FoHow. 

Fer, - No; 

I will resist such entertainment, tin 
Mine enemy has more power. JJiBt 

Mira. O dear mtber. 

Make not too rash a trial of him| fbr 
He's gentle, and not fearfiiL* 

Fro, What, I nay, 

My foot my tutor !— Put thy sword up, traitor; 
Who mak'st a show, but dar'st not stnke, tbj < 


Is so possess'd with guilt : oome from thy wtrd 
For 1 can here disarm thee with this stidt. 
And make thy weapon drop^ 

JUtm. Beseech you, fttharf 

Pro. Hence ; hang not on my garments. 

Mira, Or, have pit/ 1 

ni be his surety. 

Pro, Silence : one word moro 

Shall make me chide thee, if not hate thee. WhntI 
An advocate for an in^pootor 7 hush I 
Thou think'st there are no more such sh^>e8 as ha^ 
Having seen but him and Caliban: Fodisb wendi! 
To the most of men this is a Caliban, 
And they to him are angels. 

iUira. My afTectioM 

Are then most humble ; I have no ambitioa 
To see a goodlier man. 

Pro, Come on; obey: [7V»Fbkiw 

Thy nerves are in their infancy again. 
And have no vigour in them. 

Fer, 80 they are : 

My spiritL as in a dream, are all bound up. 
My father's loss, the weakness which I feel. 
The wreck of all my friends, or this man's throaty 
To whom I am subdued, are but light to me, 
Mifht I but through my prison once a day 
Behold this maid : all comers elae o' the earth 
Let liberty make use of; space enough 
Have I in such a prison. 

Pro. It works : — Come oiv— 

Thou hast done well, fine Ariel ! — ^Follow me.— 

[To FnmDb and Miml. 
Harkj what thou else shalt do me. [7V» AniBi^ 

Jllira. Be of comfort ; 

that ii>, moken a faiaehood. Thus in The Merry Wives 
of Wimfeor : 
" This is not well, master Ford, this wrongt youj** 
5 ytarful was miinutlineA used 10 the tenae offarmi' 
dable, terrible, dreadful, like the French epouvanbtbias 
afl maj be s<>en by connuliing Cotgrave or an> of our 
old dictionaries. ShaJupeare alnuHit always uses k In 
this senwe. In K. Hcnrv vl. Act iil. Scene 3, ** A mighty 
and a fearful head they are.** He has also featfut 
wars ; fearful bravery ; lie. kc. The verb to fear ia 
Ofimit cuuiinoiily used fur to fright, tu terrify^ to maka 
i^raid, Mr. Gifford remarks, <* as a rroof how Iktla 
our old dramaiiats were understood at the Restoration, 
tliat Drvtlen censures Joneon for an improper use of this 
word, the sense of which he akogsther mistakes.** 



Bfy lather's of a better natiDv^ tarp 

Tnan he B{^ieara br ipeech | thb it unwonted| 

Which now cmme from him. • . 

Fro. Thott ihalC be m free 

At momitmin whids : but then exactly do 
AU jxilntt ctmj command. 

jirL To the flyllable. 

Pn^ Come, follow : speak not for tnm. [Emma, 

ACENE L AiuAtr Part ^ Me ItUmd. Ef^ 


niAir, F^AXoisco, tmi vOmu 

Chn, 'Beseech jou, sir, be merry: you have 

i&k> have we all) of joy ; for oor escape 
I much beyond our loss : our bint* oi woe 
la common ; every day, some ^or's wife, 
The masters of sosae merchptt.* and the merchant, 
Hatejust our theme of wo« : out ibrthe anracle, 
I mean our preserradon, few in miUions 
Can speak uke us : then wisely, good sir, weq^ 
Our sorrow with our comfort. 

JJom. Pr'ythee, peine. 

Seb, He receires comlbrt like cold porridgeu 

AnL The Tisitor* will not giTO hhn o'er so. 

8d». Look, he's fnnding op the watch of his wit; 
by and by it wUl strike. 

God. Sir, ■ 

8A, One: ToU 

Gon, When every grief is entertanM, tliat's 
Cranes to the entertainer— 

8tb. A dollar. 

Gon, Dolour comes to him| hideed; yvn have 
spoken truer than you purposed. 

8fh^ You have taken it wiselSer than I meant you 

Gun, Therefore, my lord,— 

Ant. Fie, what a spendthrift is he of his tongue I 

Alon, Ipr'ythee, spare. 

Gen, Welly I have: But yet— 

5e6. He wdl be talking. 

AjU, Which of them, hcu or Adrian, for a good 
WMcr, first benns to crow 7 

SA. The old cock. 

AnL The cockreL 

8eb, IXme: The wager? 

AmU a laughter. 

8tb, A match. 

Adr, Though this isbmd seem to btdes^rtj— 

8A, Ha, ha, ha! 

AnL So you've pay'd. 

Adr, Umnhalntaole, and almost inaccossiHe,— 

S«b, Tef,— 

Air, Tef. 

AnL He could not miss if. 

Adr, It must needs be of subtle, tender, and <ie- 
bcate lenipcraace.^ 

AnL Temperance was a delicate wench. 

Seb, Ay, and a subtle ; as he most learnedly de- 

Adr, The air breathes upon ns here most sweetly. 

iSeft. As if it had kmgs, and rotten ones. 

AnL Or, as 'twere perttimed by a fen. 

Gon, Here is every thing advantageous to life. 

Ant, True ; save means to live. 

80b, Of tKat there's none, or little. 

Gbn. How lush* and lusty the grass looks ! how 

AmL l*he ground, indeed, is tawny. 

8eb, With an eye* of green in'U 

1 8ee note 14. p. 90l 

9 It was usual 10 call a mtr ehmnt e e s ss f a 

AS we now ss y a 

I He callt Oonzalo the eftaior, hi aUoshm to ibe office 
ef ooe who visits the stck 10 give advice and ceniola- 

4 Tempttance li hers ussd fbr fw wj xr oftir s , or tern 

He Busses not mucht 

Stb. Mo ; he doth but mistake the truth tota%. 

Gfon. But the rarity of it is (which is indeed al- 
most beyond oredii)*-- 

8tb, As nuuqr vouch'd rariUes are. 

Gon, That our garments^ bein||. as they were^ 
drenched in the sea, hold, notwithstanding, their 
freshness, and sloesee; being rather new dyM-thai^ 
stain'd with salt water. 

AnL If but one of his pockets oould qteak, woali 
it not sav, he lies 7 

Seb, Ay, or very falsely pocket up his report. 

Gon. Melhinks, cur garments are now as £(esh 
as whes we put them on "first in Alhck, at the marf 
riage of the blag's tut daughter Claiibel to th^ 
kins of Tunis. . 

Stb. 'Twas a sweet marriage, and we prosper 
well in our return. 

Adr. Tunis was never graced before with noh a 
paragon to their queen. 

Qvn, Not since widow ZKdo's time. 

AnL Widow7 a poz o' that! How came that 
widow in7 Widow Dkfol 

Seb. What if he had sakl widower iEntas too? 
good lord, how you take it ! 

Adr, Widow Dido, said you 7 yon make me 
study of that : she was of Carthage, net of Tv^is. 

Grofk This Tunis, sir, was Carthage. 

Adr, Caithafe? 

Gon, I ansure you, Carthage. 

AnL His word is more than the miraculous harp« 

Seh, He hath rais'd the wall, and houses too. 

Ant, What impossible matter will he flaake easy 
next 7 

8^, I thbk he will carry this island home in his 
pocket, and give it his son for an apple. 

AnL Ana sowing the kernels of it in the sai^ 
bring forth more islsndii 

(Ten. Ay7 

AnL Why, in good time. ^ 

fifon. 8ir, we were talking that our garmanta 
seem now as firesh as when we were at Tunis at 
the marriage of your daughter, who is now queen*. 

AnL And the rarest that e'er came there. 

8eb, 'Bate^ I beseech you, widow Didow 

Ant. O, widow Dido : av. widow Dido. 

Groa. Is not, sir, my doublet as fiveh as the fiift 
day I wore it 7 I mean, in a sort.' 

AaL Timt sort was well fish'd for. 

Qmu When I wora it at yo«r daughter's mar 
riage 7 

Ahn, Ton cnon these words into mine ears, 
The atoBMch of my sense : 'Would I had never 
Married my daughter there ! for, coming thenoe. 
M y son b fost j and, in my rate, she tt>0| 
Who is so far ran Italy remov'o, 
I ne'er again shall see ner. thou mine heir. 
Of Naplefl and of Milan, what strange fish 
Hath made his meal on tnee 1 

Fran, Sir, ho may live , 

I saw him beat the surges under him. 
And ride upon their backs { he trod the water, 
Whose enmity bo flung aside, and breasted 
The surge most swobi that met him : his bold head 
'Bove the contentious waves he kept, and oar'd 
Himsetf with his good arms ii\ lusty stroke 
To the shore, that o'er his wave-worn basis bow'd, 
As stooping to relieve him : I not doubt, 
He came sJive to land. 

Ahm, No, no, he's gone. 

8eb, Sir, you may thank yourself fur tliia great 
lliat would not bless our Europe with your daugh- 
But rather lose her to an AfKcan ; 

5 lAtek Is hixuriant, tn Kke manner hueiem» Is ussd 
bi A Mhlsummer If lfht*N Dn-sm: 

** Quite over-canbplrd wfth (ueHeme woaiTl4ne.'* 

6 That Is. wbb a thnde ttt email portkm rf fieen. 

<* Red with an ey« of bine makes a pnrpte.**— J i j i a 

7 Alluding to the wonders ot' Aniphux's music 

8 That Is, to a f— — — '«—— ' 



W!hef me, at leait, ii iMmiriiM from ]roiir eje, 
Woo hai cause to wet the grief od*L 

jUoh, Pr'jthee, peace. 

8th, Tou were kneePd to, and in^ortun'd other- 

Bt all oTtti ; and the fair lotil herself 
Weigh'd,* betweeo loathness and dbedieiice, at 
¥fhich oImI o' the beam ^e'd bow. We hare lost 

joar WMi. 
I fear, for ever ; MUaa ami Naples hare 
More widows in them of this business' makinf, 
Tlma we bring men to comfort them : the fault's 
Your own. 

jtitm, 80 is the dearest* of the loss. 

Q^n. My lord Sebastian, 

The troth you speak doth ladi tome gentleness, 
And time to speak it in ; you rub the sore, 
When you should bring the plaster. 

adk. Very welL 

AnL And most chinirgeonly. 

Chn, It is foul weather in us all, good sir, 
When you are cloudy. 

tfefr. Fool weather? 

AhL Very foul. 

Gofi. Had I a plantation of this isle, my lord, — 

AnL He'd sow it with nettle-seed. 

8tb, Or docks, or mallows. 

Chm. And were the king of iL What would I do 7 

A'eft. '8cape getting drunk, n>r want of wine. 

Ocn, V the commonwealth I wouUl by contraries 
Execute all things : for no kind of traffic* 
Would I admit ; no name of magistrate ; 
Letters should not be known ; riches, porerty. 
And use of service, none : contract, succession. 
Bourn, bound of land, tiltn, vineyard, none : 
No use of metal, com, or wine, or oil : 
No occupation ; all men idle, all ; 
And women too ; but innocent and pure : 
No sovereignty :— 

8eb, And vet he would be kinc on't. 

Ant, The latter end of his commmonweaith for- 
gets the beginning. 

Gron. All things in common nature diould pro- 
Without sweat or endeavour : treason, felony, 
Bword. pike, knife, eun, or need of any engine,* 
Woula I not have ; nut nature should bring forth. 
Of its own kind, all foison,^ all abundance. 
To feed my innocent people. 

Seb, No marrying arnon^ his subjects 7 

Ant» None, man : all idle ; whores, and knaves. 

Chn, I would wrin such perfection govern, sir, 
To excel (he golden age." 

Seb. 'Save his majesty ! 

AnL Long live Gonzalo ! 

Oon. And, do you mark me, sir 7 — 

Alan, Pr'ythee, no more: thou dost talk no- 
thing to me. 

Ocn, I do well believe your highness ; and did it 
to minister occasion to tneso gentlemen, who are 
of such sensible and nimble lungs, thiU they always 
use to laugh at nothing. 

AnL Twas you we laughed at. 

Chn, Who, m this kind of merry fooling, am 
nothing to you ; so you may continue, and laugh at 
nothing stin. 

Ani, What a blow was there given 7 

8^. An it had not (alien flat-long. 

Gon, You are gentlemen of brave mettle : you 

1 i. e. Deliberated, was In saspense. 

3 Bee nnte on Twelfth TSiig,hl, Art v. Sc. 1. 

S See Montaigne*s Essays translated by John Florio, 
«0l. 1603, Chap. "Of the Caniballes.** 

4 An engine was a term applied to any kind oi ma- 
^ne in 8hakspeare*s a<^e 

5 FoiMn b only another word for plenty or tUntn- 
dance ofproviaiun, but chiefly of the fruits or the earth. 
Ina subseouent scene we have— 

" Earth's Increase, and fdson plenty.'* 
• Bee Montaigne as ched before. 
7 Warbunon remarks that ** all this dialogue Is a fine 
iBiBa on tha UlopAan Trsaiise of OovsmmaoC, and the 

mold fift the moon out of her spherr,. if she nmJA 
oootinne in it five we^s without chaagiag.* 

Emm' AmiXL, nuiaibk, pla^ftng ssfnm wmm, 

8A, We would so, and then go bat-fowCBg. 

AmL Nay, good my lord, be not angry. 

Qem» Noy I warrant you ; I will not adventora 
mv dtjcrotion so weakly. Will you laoj^ mtk 
asleep, for I am very heavy ? 

Anim Go sleep, and bear us. 

[AU deep htU Alon. Sxb. e»d Aar. 

Akm, Whau all so soon asleep ! I wish aune eyas 
Would, with themselves, ^ut up my tlm^g^ff ; \ 

They are inciiaed to do so. 

8A, Please you, ar, 

Do not omit the heavy ofller of it : 
It seldom visits sorrow ; when it doth. 
It is a comforter. 

Ant, We two, my lord. 

Will guard your persoi^ while you take your nat^ 
And watch your aafetv. 

Alan. lliank you : Wondrous heavy* 

f AxoRso sbqM. E^i A^iy ir, 

8A, What a straace drowsiness possesses thf I 

AnL It is the quauty o' the climate. 

8§Ik Why 

Doth it not then our eye-Uds sink 7 I find not 
Myself dispos'd to rieep. 

AnL Nor I ; my spirits ara madbla. 

They fell together all, as by consent ; 
They droppM, as by a thunder-stroke. Whataugjht 
Worthy Seoastian 7 — O, what might 7 — ^No mora ^ 
And yet, methinks, I see it in thy face. 
What thou should'st be : the occasion speaks Ihaa ; 

My strong imagination sees a crown 
Dropping upon thy head. 

SeL What, art thou wakiBg7 

AnL Do you not bear me speak 7 

Seb. I do ; and, surely. 

It is a sleepy language ; and thou speak'st 
Out of thy sleep : What is it thou didst say 7 
This is a strange repose, to be asleep 
With eyes wide open ; standing, speaking, moving^ 
And yet so &st asleep. 

Ant. Noble Sebastian, 

Thou let'st thy fortune sleep— die rather ; wink'st 
Whiles thou art wakiuf. 

Sd>, Thou dost snore distinctly ; 

lliere's meaning in thy snores. 

Ant, I am more serious than mv custom : you 
Must be so too, if heed me ; whicli to do, 
Trebles thee o'er.« 

Seb. Well ; I am standing water. 

AnL ril teach you how to flow. 

Seb. Do so: toebb^ 

Hereditary sloth instructs thee. 

AnL O, 

Most often do so near the bottom run. 
By their own fear, or sloth. 

S^, Pr'yihcc, say on 

The scttinjg of thine eye, and check, proclaim 
A matter from thee ; and a birth, indeed. 
Which throes thee much to yield. 

impmctlcatJe inconsistent schemes thrr«in recom- 

9 Anton'jo apparently means to say, *' You must be 
more mHoub than you unually are, if* you would pay 
aiiontion to my proposals ; which attrntion, if you be- 
stow it, will in the end make ynn tJiHrr trhat yon ore.** 

9 8eba«tian introduces the simile of water. It is ta 
ken up by Antonio, who says he will tearh hi* Magnanc 
waters to flow. ** It has already leametl to ebb,** says 
Sebastian. To which Antonio r«i}>lies— «« O, if you but 
knew how much even that metaphor, which you usa 
in lot, encourages the design which I him at : how, in 
stnpping it of wordn of their common meaning, and 
using them flcuratlvelv, you adapt them to your own 
steuathm.**— J Wn t aw UmgaMin^ Not, Vim 

Bemmm L 


Thufl^ nr : 

AltlHMidi thk lord of wmIk remembrance^ this 
(W ho ehall be of m little neaory, 
When he is etrth'd*) hath here almost perauaded 
(For he's a ipirit oTpersuaaioo, only 
P rof ea e ca to petauade) the Idii^ hie loa*! alire ; 
Tie aa impoewble that he'a vuMVOwa'dy 
Ai he thai aleepa here, awimt. 

A!a&. I haTe no hope 

That he'a oadrown'd. 

.AmL O, out of that no hope, 

What gnrnt hope have jou J no hope, that way, ii 
Another way eo hi^h in hope, that even 
Amhition cannot pierce a wink beyond,' 
But doubte diacorery there. Will yougrant, withme. 
That Ferdinand is drown'd 7 

Sibm He*f cone. 

jimL Trhen tell me, 

Who'i the next heir of Naples 7 

JSMk ClaribeL 

jint. She that is queen of Tunis; shethatdweUs 
Ten leagues beyond man*s life; she that from 

Can have no note,' unless the sun were post, 
(The man i' the moon's too slow,) till new-born 

Be rough and razoraUe : she, from whom 
We all were sea-swallow'd, though some cast again ; 
And, by that destiny, to perform an act. 
Whereof what's past is prologue ; what to come, 
la tout's and my discharge.* 

SA. What stuff is this 7— How say you 7 

Tie true, ray brother's dauj^ter's queen of Tunis ; 
So is she heir of Naples ; Hwixt which regions 
There is some spate. 

AhL a space whose every cubit 

Seems to cry out, How Aall that Claribel 
Mmnar€ u» back to NapU9 7 — ^Keep in Tunis, 
And let Sebastian wake !— Say, this were death 
That now hath seiz'd them; why they were no 

Ulan now they are: There be, that can rule 

As well as he that sleeps ; lords, that can prato 
Aa u^ly, and unnecessarily, 
Aa this Cronzalo : I myself could make 
A chough* of as deep chat. O, that you bore 
Hie mind that I do f what a sleep were this 
For your advancement t Do you understand me 7 

8th. Methinks, I do. 

jimL And how does your content 

Tewler your own good fortune 7 

£Uu I remember. 

Tod did siq)plant your brother Prospero. 

JmL True: 

And, look, how well ray garments rit upon me ; 
^uch feater than before : My brother's servants 
Were then my fellows, now uey are my men. 

£Uu But, K>r your conscience— 

AnL Ay, sir ; where lies that? if it were a kybe, 
*rwould put me to my slipper ; but I feel not 
Thb deity in ray bosom : twenty consciences, 
That stand 'twizt me and Milan, candied be they, 
<And melt, ere they molest I Here lies your brother, 
Vo better than the earth he lies upon. 
If he were that which now he's like, that's dead ^ 
Whom I, with this obedient steel, three inches of it. 
Can lay to bed for ever: whiles you, doing thus. 
To the perpetual wink for aye might put 
This ancient morsel, this sir Prudence, who 

1 L e. The utmost extent of the pruspect of ambition, 
lbs point where the eye can pass no fanher. 

9 The oommentators have treated this as a remark* 
able Instance of Sbakspeare^e Ignorance of geography ; 
Mt though the real distance between Naples and Tunis 
is not so fanmeasurable, the intercourse in early times 
between the Nei^wHtans and the Tunisians was not 
so frequent as to make it popularly considered leas than 
a fiinmdable voyage; Stiakspeare may however be 
eoonienanced in hw poetical exaggeration, when we 
rsmember that iBsdiyius has placed the river Eridanus 
in Spafai ; and that Appolonius Rhodius dracribes the 
Bhone and the Po as meeting in one and dischaxziJig 
Ihsnsslveahito thft Ottlf of Venice. 

Should not upbraid our course. For aH the rest, 
Tlieyll take suggestion,* as a cat laps nulk ; 
They'll tell the clock to any business that 
We say befits the hour. 

Seh, Thy case, dear friend. 

Shall be my precedent; as thou got'st Milan, 
I'll come by Naples. Draw thy sword : one stroke 
Shall free thee from the tribute which thou pay'st ; 
And I the king shall love thee. 

AnL Draw together: 

And when I rear mv hand, do you the like. 
To fall it on Gonzolo. 

Sdb. O, but one word. 


Mume. JZa-snler AmixLy IneiiiUs. 

Ari, Mr master throng lus art fbroMes die 
That Tou, his friend, are hi ; and sends me fortf* 
For else his projects die,* to keep them living. 

[iSingf m GoHSALo's ear, 
WhiUycuhert do$naringlie^ 

Hti time doth take : 
lfof¥'Jo^ koepaean. 
Shake qfuumbeTf and bewart : 

AuHikel awake! 

Ant, Then let us both be sudden. 

Oon. Now, good angels, preserve the king . 


AUm, Why. how now, ho! awake] Why ara 
you drawn 7 
Wherefore this ghastly lookin g 7 

Chn, What's the matter 7 

Seb, Whiles we stood here securing vour repose^ 
Even now, we heard a hollow burst of bellowing 
Lake bulls, or rather lions ; did it not wake ywl 
It struck mine ear most terribly. 

Atom, I heard nothing. 

AnL O, 'twas a din to fright a monster's ear ; 
To make an earthquake ; sure it was the roar 
Of a whole herd of lions. 

^ion. Heard you this, Gonzalo? ^f 

Gen, Upon nune honour, sir. I heard a humming, 
And that a strange one too, whidi did awake me : 

Or that we quit this place : let's draw our weapons. 
Alon, Lead off this ground ; and let's make fhr* 

ther search 
For my poor son. 

Gron. Heavens keep him from these beasts ! 
For he is, sure, i' the island. 
AUm, Lead away. 

Art, Prospero my lord shall know what I have 
done : [Ande. 

So, king, go safely on to seek thy son. [JEaeuni, 

SCENE n. AnoAer part of the JeUmd. JSntei 
Calxbait, with a burden <jf Wood, A noiee f^ 

CoL All the infections that the sun sucks up 
From bogs, fens, flats, on Prosper fall, and make him 
By inch-meal a disease I His spirits hear me,^ 
And yet I needs must curse. But they'll nor pinch. 
Fright me with urchin shows, pitch me i' the mire. 
Nor lead me, like a fire-brand, in the daik, 

8 What Is pest is the prolosrue to events which are to 
come ; that depends on whr f on and I are to perform. 

4 A chough IS a bird of tht jackdaw kind. 

6 Suggestion is frequently used in the sense of temp- 
tation^ or eeduction, by Shakspeare and his contem- 
poraries. The sense here is, that they will adopt and 
bear witnen to any tale that may be dicufted to them. 

6 The old copies read " For else his project dtesJ* 
By the transpoehion of a letter, this passage, which has 
much puzzled the editors, Is rendered more Intel liable 
— **— to keep them living,** relates to projeeta^ ami not 
to MoHMO and OonxalOf as Bisevsns ana Johnson sr 
roneottsly sup pu ssd' 

ITiil iif [hj Tiij.nnTiMhiliiJlTiiini: bdt 
For amy triib in tlM« Mt n)Ma dm : 
BiiBiliMii Uhi «^»sttM »6«' iBddwtteFitm 
AndilUr.liiiaBa; IhM bka kad|»>hop, which 
li* tanniu b nr bw IbiH *h, and bmuii 
'&fp5£<u^fiM4dli wmliBa u. I 
JS «aoU wilh udtra. «boi iritli dona iwuniu, 
I>»jyiH;Mtal(in>iI>Mi:-L>t >owt lot 

'Hot* eooH* > qwh tfUi: Md U 

Fn bD^ipM wood i" ■><>"V = ^ ' 
- PmoMdc* d* inn Ml BUM ma. 

STHk HaMti Hiibat hah mir iknOh to beu ofl' 
vn wMthar at ilL ud UMllMt Monn bnwing .- I 
kiiirll-ri^ir** »tod: jmf MBia biMh doiid, 
jOBd' huM nu, lonbt Ua ■ twl boabhrd' Uul 
««WMadl^«9M.-IfkilMNUlb>d<!r,m* it 
£d bafaiik Itao* MtiAan H hid* Bwlwul ; jaud' 
«■> (iMd .«aa« 4kMn bM ftB V poiUuIi— 
mu buewttuKlT. f junork Oikl Deodar 
■lint AUi! be nbau BKB (i lU J (tW^ aDcieai 
ud fiih-liks inuU j % bid o£wit tf Oa noneit, 
Fao^Jobn. A MunUI nera I id Englmd 
BOW, f u one* I >hi7«idW but tb> U pJilod, 

Ml>lwUd>j-Wwn'ln<iraaldBTC - 

nhPM: ibare wotdd Uui maatUimatt. 

MM I MM Bu IMIika MM I ' WuB, f my trolh I 
I do DOW 1m looH BT aaiaiga, brid it iw loiucr : 
4^ )i DO l(d> bM ^Mud^Oa bUk IubIt .liC 
£MI»«UHUd^Mb inSr.) Alu[ ih. 
■tdnb ftegtMnlii » bMt wajia to creep 
Bql«r Ui nriMib*;* ^M li M oOwr •hallH 
'—-''-■' ! lOMVMqMiM* ■ ■« wUh itruue 
«. I wia fcM Argod, tiU Ih* dt«) oT 

Air '^nrBAM, i^V^; • bA fai. U> hand. 
^ 8le. /lUIiwiuntoMbMa^ 

TO^ M ■ Iran acunj tOM to aiif at a Aui'* fii- 
Wefl, bare** n^ oooJtet. {JMib. 

»• iHri^^ HiaMtr, At kXmA Ml /, 

B<a UH ^M land tit Bjt* i 
Ar Mc koif a (MuiM nA a (MW, 

n< ■ tailv Mjfh araUk htr HiWivS rfid iteA ,' 

lUa k a •cnrtT tna* taa : B«t han'a n* caxroru 


«k WhaCilbtisaturl Hat* wa daifli here T 
Do foa DM tiicta npon n* witb «n««it uut dii^d 
«f lads 1 Hal 1 bar* not •eap'd inwiiug, 
d**^ M« oTTwir Ibw.laii ifir It baltabMn ^lid, 
Aa proiMr a aun *a aitr amrt Mi Ibdr Ufa, cainwl 

Ea Ud VM groBd : aad it riMll ba Mil ■* a^k 
la BtaAano braaOaa at aaaChla. 
U TlwmiHaiMinHata; Ol 

JU. 11wii*oaMMMl«rsl'A*al*L«fthb« 
leti}«bohitltflal,a<llikaiI,aBa|B«i Whan 
tbs dnil ahiadd Babanoor lui|iM|aT 1 viin* 
hiinaaDWTaUc£inibebMSir9iali tflcaar*- 
eorar bim, aid kaap luai Una, and |ct to Na^aa 
with Ub, ha'i a praatM Ibr aai^ lapanr Aat *««t 
trod oanaatVlaalbar. 

Cd. DoDOIUna*DiBa,pt'jtb**; 

1 briac mr wood bom* tuier. 

SttTaft la bia At mnr ;' and doaaaat la& div 

awiaaat. Baatiall laataof mybottla: iTh* kA 
nam dnak irin* afoc,* il will n aaar to naaaa* 
biiBt: ifleaa TocorartaiB, aodkaap himtaaL I 
■in Dot laka too micb' ibr faim : ha ahaU pi^ lir 
' 'n i^*' t^th hi^ aad that aotaiijt 

Oal. Thou dost me yet bat liltia hart ilhoBfrik 
AnMuI know it bwtkj trenbliivi 
If our rroapar njtaa upon Hwe. 

A*. Coaae mi joor wv^J <Vi 7" BOHb j 
bar* li fliat whkkwiU fin unnafow wv eali 
opao four month : tbb wiD abaia jmm duhB^ I 
e*B tell jaii| aad that aoUDdlj: jroa eauM idl 
wlu*B JDarfiund^ open joor chapa aaaau 

TVta. IiboddkHnrlfaalTaiu: Bahoridb*^ 
Bat hoia dioKoed; and tkaae andaTlla: Ol d*- 

ica*: anaatdatkal* 
DOW la to apaakMl. 

IVh. Btephaso,— 

At, Dotb Ihf other mantb call 
■araj I Thia ia a daril, and no i 
Ua** bin : I bare no l«u khmb.' 

7V*i. Stapbano I— tf tboa bi._ _._^ _, 

toDob me, and apeak to me j Tor I am "nineaki ;— 
b* nc* afeaid,— ihj foui fnnd TiincuUk 

Sit. If tboa beeat IViDralo, c(m» fbitb ; PD 

etbas bj Ibe letter lap ; If anj be IViuala^ 
^ , theie an thej. Tliou art rery Tnaealoi ii^ 
deed; How cani'it thou to be [he aie|** of tUa 
moDD-calTT Can ha Tent TriaeoloaT 

IVia. I look him to be killed wHh a IboBdeo 
roke: — But art Ihoa Dot drowned, BiephanoT 1 
^ now, Ibou an not drowned. Ii the atom 
'Btblown T I hid ma imder the dead mooo-calfa'* 

ekbsrdiae, W (^ai at Iheatonn: Asd ait ibM 
ring, Slsphano T Slephano, Iwa NaapeUtaBi 

Su. IVjthee, do not ton ma iboat; aar 

Cai These be fine things, an it Ihej ba aol 

and bears celealial liquor i 

nuit'aabra** KO^ 
will kneal lo b)m. 
SU. How did'st 

___ thon '•eapa? How ean'tl 

thou hither 1 swear b; thu boitte, how ihau eai^Vv 
Lped npon a bait oT ud:, which lb* 
arei^board, bj this bottle I wbkh I 

Mua. Blwii^awao*. KMsMdadnctn. 
I Iviiil* la the aoctat net te srItUaf, 
1 i tantard Is a Uack Jack of leaibar, 

«air fee - 

* It. main mm^^ fl rtm i . Tbaa b A 
mm Nifbi'i Dnam— 

lad IB Oh «I ttosdr of Bam AHeT— 

• WaaboniaiaaWwdil." 

• AntardHi waa a eaaisa owe HmaM. " A 
(Miti iil 'apst.lrna.Bafatsr^ i isi.suctaesiirMlont 

^Mh|<Hrs ^nnsL" A ktad a^nuib ewsock I 

Chuau ail's Twslon of tbs fcunh Book of Uu Odjaa^- 

So |]*_lo« town (iheir ■lUlHlBg fered ai aaaa) 
Il mocta allkied Bs, Ibt wbo tan pIsaM 
To lie br ens of diess lams Bsa^nd wkalaa •• 
t nolnmsniDealblDltaiboaewkebidotnlBibaBM 
laot uss cf wins. Wben msBiww*rrtTI>—a»a 

a ^ipnnriita lao- 
aaaaa. " Tbar belch fiath Banrerba Lo their drta^n 
T'Oinl noDsr wmBukaa>>«yul,"aHl "bawte 
i*tawkb|HdatlIbsdne*dort<nv(poeiL» Tbalaal 
la MalD used In Ths Comedf of EiTois, Act It. 8c. • 
f augt fer Biwl, and la lbs dlnlaB aacaa oT te 

aaMi <f iba «as« cwV mar b* Ibaaili 

T Aw sum, a«aT so mock, 
nlTlnf ihalbs would (al as in 
i Oakntn (iTea Ua d 



Bade of tiM btik of a Iroo. with adne own hands, 

CSoL 1*11 Bwoar, upon that bottle, to be thy tme 
■nbiect ; lor the fiqwir is not earthly. 

Bit. Here ; fwear then how thoo eeeap'dst. 

3V«M. Swam a-thore, man, like a duck ; I can 
■wim like a dndt, m be twtrn. 

Ac Here, kiat the book : Thoofh thon canst 
swim like a anck, thoa art made like a foosc. 

TVin. O Stephano, hast any more of this? 

Sit, The whole butt, man; my cellar is in a 
'ock by the sea-ude, where my wine is hid. How 
BOW, moon-calf? how does Uune asae 7 

CUL Hast thoo not dropped from tieaven?* 

Sit, Out o' the moon. I do assure thee : I was 
the man in the moon,' wnen time was. 

Get. I have seen thee in her, and I do adore 
^lee ; mr mistress shewed me thee, and thy dog, 
and my bosh. 

8t9. Come, swear to that : loss the book : I will 
fivnisfa it anon with new contents : swear. 

3Vm. By this good li|(ht, this is a very shallow 
monster :--4 a&ard of hmi ?-— a very weak mon- 
ster >— The man i' the moon ? — a most poor cre- 
dulous monster : — ^Well drawn, monster, in good 

CmL FU shew thee every fertile inch o' the 

And I will kiss thy foot : I pr'jrthee, be my god. 

IVm. By this light, a most perfidious and 
drunken monster ; tmen his god*s aslsep, hell rob 
his bottle. 

CmL rU kiss thy foot: FU swear myself thy 
Ate. Come on then ; down, and swear. 
TVm. I shall laugh myself to death at this pup- 
py-headed monster : A most scurvy monster ! I 
eoold find in mv heart to beat him,— 
Ste. Come, kiss. 

TVin. — 4>ut that the poor monster's in drink ; 
An abominable monster ! 
CaL Fll shew thee the best springs ; FU phick 
thee berries : 
I'll fibril for thee, and get thee wood enou^ 
A plague upon the tyrant that I serve ! 
■Til bear him no more sticks, but follow thee, V 
Thoa wondrous man. 

TVift. A most ridiculous monster ; to make a 
%voader of a poor drunkard. 

CaL I pr'ythee, let me bring thee where crabs 
Jknd I with my long nails will dig thee pig-nuts ; 
CHiew thee a jay's nest, and instruct thev how 
"To snare the nimble marmozet ; Fll bring thee 
"To clust'ring filberds, and sometimes Fll get thee 
Toang sea-mells* from the rock ; Wilt thou go 
with me ? 
8te, I pHythee now, lead the way. without any 
■Bore talking."— Trinculo, the kinft ana all our com- 
pany else being drowned, we ^\\ inherit here.— 
Jlere ; bear my bottle. Fellow Trinculo, we'll fill 
'm Inr and by again. 
CaL FdnwMy meuter ; farmi)dl.farewelL 

\Sing9 drunkefdy, 
TVm, A howling monster ; a drunken monster. 
V»l No more dama rU nmhaftirJUk; 
Narfdok m firing 
At re^uiringj 
A«r acrsB* tttttehtrmg, nmr wtuhdi^f 

'Am 'Bon, Ca-^CahboM, 
JUm a fMi0 m«ster-— <?el a neu> 


JVsedom, hey-day! hey-day, fireedom! hoy-day, 
freedom I 
Ate. O brave monster ! lead the way. [ExeuitL 

1 The Indians dfilie Island «r 8. SalTsdor asked bj 
«%■ whether Columbus and his companions were nof 
epsw dlnsM/fssv Aeoeen. 

I The reader may consult a eurlons note on this pss- 

^Hb In Mr. Dooce% very iMer«wcinr UluiiQ'BClons of 

ihaksasars ; where H Is ebserved tnst Dante makes 

Csm the itum in the moon wkh his bundle of sticks ; or 

* «iher words describes the moon by the periphrasis 


SCENE I.— B^^ Prospero's CtiL EnUr I^b 
DurijrD, bemrimg a Lag, 

I\gr, There be some sports are painfiil ; and* 
their labour 
Delight in them sets off :* soipe kinds of baseness 
Are nobly undersone ; and most poor matters 
Point to rich emu. This my mean tadc 
Would be as heavy to me, as odious ; but 
The mistress, which I serve, quickens what's dead, 
And makes my labours pleasures : O. she is 
Ten times more gentle tnan her &ther's crabbed ; 
And he's compoMd of harshnMS. I must remove 
Some thousanos of these loss, and pile them up. 
Upon a sore injunction : My sweet mistress 
Weeps when she sees me work ; and says, sndi 

Had ne'er like executor. I forget : 
But these sweet thoughts do even refiresh my la- 
Most busy-less, when I do it. 

£nler Mikahda ; and Prospxxo ctf a diaUmm. 

Aftro. Alas, now ! pray you, 

Work not so hard : I would, the ligfatnmg had 
Burnt up those logs, that you are enjoinM to pile ! 
Pray, set it down, and rest you : when this bulrns, 
'Twill weep for having weaned you : My father 
Is hard at study ; pray now, rest yourself; 
He's safe for these three hours. 

Fier. O most dear mistress. 

The sun will set^ before I shall discharge 
What I must strive to do. 

Mira, Ifvoull sit down. 

FD bear your logs the while : Iray, give me tnat ; 
FU carry it to the pUe. 

Eer, No. precious creature ; 

Fd rather crack my sinews, iNreak my back. 
Than you should such dishonour undergo. 
While I sit lazy by. 

Aftro. It would become me 

As well as it does you : and I should do it 
With much more ease ; for my good will is to it. 
And your's it u against. 

Pro, Poor worm ! thou art infected ; 

This visitation shews iL 

Aftro. You look wearily. 

Fer, No, noble mistress ; 'tis fresh morning with 
When you are by at ni^t.* I do beseech ycu, 
(Ch iedy that I might set it in my prayers,) 
What is your name ? 

Aftro. Miranda :— O my father, 

I have broke your hest^ to say so ! 

F&, Admir'd Miranda ! 

Indeed, the top of admiration ; worth 
What's dearest to the worid ! Full many a lady 
I have ey'd with best regard ; and many a time 
The harmony of their tongues hath into bondage 
Brought my too diligent oar : for several virtues 
Have I lik'd several women ; never any 
With so full soul, but some defect in her 
Did quarrel with the noblest grace she ow'd,* 
And put it to the foil : But you, O you. 
So perfect, and so peerless, are createa 
Of every creature's best.* 

8 A smaller species of sea.gulls. 

4 Pope changed and to but hero, without authority^ 
we must read and in the sense of ona yet 

fl MoUiter auotenan otmdio faUente latcrem^—Hor- 
BaL U. I. 9. 

So, in Macbeth : 

" The labour we delifht In physics pah).** 

6 " Tu mihi corarum requies, tu nncie vel atra 
Lumen.** TitmU, Ub. iv. el. \X 

7 See Note 97, pi 98. 8 See Note 87, p. 81. 

9 In the first book of Sidney's Arcadia, a lover says 
ofhismivtress : 

«« She is herself of bmt Ainga the eoUeetum,** 

In the third book there Is a table which may have been 
In Shakspeare's mind. 


Act Ul 

Mkm. 1 do not know 

Om of mj wet ; iio womn'i &co remember, 
Smve, from my glMS. miiie own ; nor hftve I men 
More thai I may call men, than you, good friend, 
And mj dear lather : how features are abroad, 
I am akill-IcBi of; hut, by my modesty, 
(The jewel in my dower,) I would not wiah 
Any Gompaaiao m the world but you ; 
Nor can miaginati<m form a shape. 
Besides yourself^ to like of: but I prattle 
Somethinf too wildly, and my lather's preeepts 
I therein do forgeL 

Fkr* I am, in mj oooditioo, 

A prmce, Miranda ; I do think, a king ; 
tl would, not BO !) and would no more endure 
Tills wooden slaTery, than to suffer 
The flesh-fly blow my mouth.— -Hear my soul 

speak ; — 
'Hie TOry instant that I saw you, did 
My heart fly to your serrice ; there resides. 
To make me slave to it ; and, for your sake, 
Am I this patient log-man. 

Mira, Do yoo lore rao 7 

/Vr. O heaTen, O earth, bear witness to this 
And crown what I profess with kind event. 
If I speak true ; if nollowly, invert 
What best is boded me to mischief! I, 
Bejond all limit of what else* i* the world, 
Do loTe, prize, honour you. 

Minu I am a fool. 

To weep at what I am glad oC* 

Pro, Fair encounter 

Of two most rare aflVctions ! Heavens rain grace 
On that which breeds between them ! 

/Vr. Wherefore weep you 7 

Mira, At mino unworthiness, that dare not 
What I desire to give ; and much lefs take. 
What I shall die to want : But this is trifling ; 
And all the more it seeks to hide itself, 
The bigger bulk it shows. Hence, bashful cunning ! 
And prompt me, plain and holy innocence ! 
I am your wife, ir you will marry me ; 
If not^ rn die your maid : to be your fellow' 
You may deny me ; but IMl be your servant. 
Whether you will or no. 

Fer, My mistress, dearest, 

And I thus humble ever. 

Mtra, My husband tlicn 7 

Fer, Ay, with a heart as willing 
As bondage o*er of freedom: here's my hand. 

Alira, And mine, with my heart iii't : and now 
J ill half an hour hence. 

Fer, A thonsand ! thousand ! 

{ExeufU Fer. and Mm. 

Pro, So glad of this as Uiey, I cannot be. 
Who are surprisM with all ; but my rejoicing 
At nothing can be more. Ill to my book ; 
For yet, ero supper time^ must I perform 
Mocn business appertaining. \ExiL 

SCENE U.-^ Another port of th% Island, Enter 
Stephano and Tai.'vcuLO ; Calibats following 
with a Dottle, 

Ste. Tell not me ;— when the butt is out, we 
will drink water ; not a drop before : therefore bear 
up, and board 'em : Servant-monster, drink to me. 

Trin, Servant-monster 7 the foll^ of this island ! 
They say. there's but five upon this isle : we are 
three of them ; if the other two be brained like us, 
the state totters. 

I What eli>c, fur whalnever else. 

9 Steevens obMrves juMly that this is one of those 
jctuclies of nature which diatltiguiah ShakMpeare fnim 
ail other writers. There is a kindred thought in Romeo 
and Juliet: 

•* Back, foolish tears, back to your native spring ! 
Tour tributary droM belong to wo*, 
Wliich you mistaking oflisr up to joy.** 

t L a. ytmr ttmpanlom Malooa hat cted a fity 

8ie, Drink. aemii^Bmater, wh«B I bid ikm ; 
thjeyes are almoat set in tliy head. 

TVm. Where ahoald they be aet ebaf b« snm 
a brave monster indeed, if th^ wera«atiB UalaiL 

Ste. My maD-ooosier balli drowsed Up tamae 
in sack : for my part, the aea cauiot &rowm me : I 
swam, ere 1 could recover the diore, five aad 
thirty leagues, off and on, by this lipit^-^TlMM 
shalt be my lieutenam, monstar, or nij atandard. 

TVm. Your lieutenant, if yoo ust; he'b ao 

oir. W^eTI not rao, nimisieur momtor. 

TVm. Nor go neither : but you'll lie, like dofi ; 
and yet say iM»thing neither. 

Ste, Moon-cal(i speak once in thy life, if thoa 
boost a good moon-cal£ 

CaL How does thy honour 7 Let me lick thj 
shoe : Til not serve him, he is not valiant. 

3Vuu Thou liest, most ignorant monster ; I am 
in case to justle a constable : Why, th«m de^ 
boshed^ fish tlkw, vras there ever man a coward, 
timt hath drunk so much sack as I torday 7 Wik 
thou tell a monstrous lie, being but half a fish, and 
half a monster 7 

CaL Lo, how he mocks me ! wilt thou let him, 
my lord 7 

TVm. Lord, quoth he ! — tliat a monster should 
be such a natural ! 

CtW. Lo, lo. again ! bite him to death, I pr'Tthee. 

Ste, Trinculo, keep a good tongue in your Mad; 
if you prove a mutineer, the next tree — The poor 
monster's my subject, and he sliall not suffer indif* 

Cal. I thank my noble lord. Wilt thon ba 
pleas'd to hoarluin once again to the suit 1 made 
thee 7 

Ste. Marry will I : Imeel, and repeat it ; I will 
stand, and so shall Trinculo. 

Enter Akiel, mvutUe. 

Cal, As I told thee before, I am subject to a 
tyrant ; a sorcerer, that by his cuiming hath cheated 
me of this island. 

Ari. Thou liest. 

Cal, Thou liest, thou jesting monkey, thou ! 
I would, my vaJiant master would destroy thee: 
I do not lie. 

Ste. Trinculo, if you trouble him any more la 
his tale, by this hand, I will supplant some of jour 

TVi'n. Why, I said nothing. 

Ste. Mum then, and no more. — [To Calibak.J 

CaL I say, by sorcery he got this isle : 
From me he got it. irthy greatness will 
Revenge it on him — for, I know, thou dar'st ; 
But this thing daro not. 

Ste, That's most certain. 

CaL Thou shalt be lord of it, and FU serve thee. 

Ste, How now shall this bo compassed 7 Canst 
thou bring mc to the party 7 

CtU, Yea, yea, my lord ; Fll yield bin theo 
Where thou may'st knock a nail into his head. 

Art. I'hou liest, thou canst noU 

Cal. What a pied* ninny's this 7 Thon scurvy 
patch !— 
I do beseech thy greatness, give him blows. 
And take his botth) from him : when tiiat's gone. 
He shall drink nought but brine ; for Til not shew 

Where the quick freshes* are. 

Ste. Trinculo, run into no further danger : in- 
apposite passage from Catullus ; out, as Mr. Douce 
remarks, Shakspeare had more probably the pathetic 
old poem of The Nut Brown Makl in hiii recollection. 

4 Drboeked, this Is the old orthomphy of debaiteA' 
ed; followbig the sound of the French oricinal. In 
altering the spdUng we have departed from the proper 
pronuiidatkm of the word. 

• He calls bbn a pied nnmv, allodlnr to Trtnculot 
pany-eok>ored drean, he was a licensed fool or Jsaiar 
^ q^tiek fnokf ara living aprint§. 




taRopt th* MOMtar 0B» woi4 ftnthflr, uid, hj this 
fand, rii tnni »y ■wcy oatqf doow, and niuMa 
•toek-fiih of tlwe. 

3Vm. Why, wliAt did 1 7 I did nothing ; IH go 
^irther ofi* 

Atf. DidM Ihoo not niy, he lied? 

ArL ThoaheiC. 

^le. Do I sd7 take thoa that IStriket him.] 
AsTou like thia, giro me the lie anoCaer time. 

IVm. I did not giro the lie :— Out o^ your wits, 
and hearing too 7— ^A poz o* your bottle I thiscan 
sack, andoralkins do.— A murrain on your mon- 
ster, and the devil take your fingers! 

CaL Ha, ha, ha! 

8u. Now, forward with your tale. Pr'ythee 
stand fivther off. 

CaL Beat him enough : after a little time, 
lU beat him too. 

Ste, Stand further. — Come, proceed. 

CaL Why, as I told thee, 'tis a custom with him 
r the afternoon to sleep : there thou may'st brain 

Having first seizM his books { or with a log 
Batter lua skull, or paunch him with a stake, 
Or cut his wezand* with thy knife ; Remember, 
Fkst to possess l^s books ; for without them 
He's bat a sot, as I am, nor hath not 
One spirit to command : Thejr all do hate him, 
As rootedly as I : Bum but bis books ; 
He has brave utennls, (for so he calls them.) 
Which, when he has a nouse, hell deck withaL 
And that most deeply to consideri^ is 
The beauty of his daughter ; he himself 
Calls her a non-pareil : I never saw a woman, 
Bat only Sycorax my dam, and she ; 
But she as &r surpasseth Sycorax, 
Ascreat'st does least. 

Sfie. Is it so brave a lass 7 

CW. Ay, my lord ; she will become thy bed, I 
Aod bring thee forth brave brood. 

Sfe. Monster, I will lull this man : his daughter 
and I will be lung and queen : (save our graces !) 
End Trinculo and iJl/Belf shall be viceroys : — ^Dost 
thon like the plot, Trinculo ? 

Trin, EzcellenL 

Ste, Give me thy hand ; I am sorry I beat thee : 
bot, while thou livest, keep a good tongue in thy 

Col. Within this half hour will he be ;^lcop ; 
Wilt thou destroy him then 7 

Su, Ay, on mine honour. 

ArL This will I toll my master. 

CaL Thou mak'st me merry : I am full of pica- 
^et US be jocund : Will you troll the catch 
« on tauffht me but while-ere 7 

Su, At thy request, monster, I will do reason, 
*<fejr reason : Uome on, Trinculo, let us sing. 


Jltmt 'em, emd akout '«m ; and »hnU 'em, and 
^^ ftamlCtm : 
^lumg^ is/ru, 

CaL Hint's not the tune. 

[Ariel plajft the iunt on a tabor omdfipe, 

Su, What is this same 7 
^^^ ^Vm. This is the tune of our catch, played by 
'^ ^ picture of No-bo«ly.* 

WexanJ, \. e. throat or windpipe. 

The fHcture of No«body wu .i common sign. There 

so a wonil cut preflxed to an old play of No^body 

Bome'body, which rftpresenfs this notable person. 

lb affear^ is an obsolete verb with the same mean* 

as Is 0ffra»f. or make afraid, 

" You shali heare in the ayrs the sound of tabert 

i other inatrwmenUf to pot the traoellers in feare, 

.by evill qiirhes that males these soundes, and also 

esh diuerse ef ike transikxs by their names, fcc.**~ 

It of Marcus Poaclus, Ay John Frampton, 4to. 

To some of these drcumstanees MUion also al* 

Su, If thoa beeat a mn^ shew diyaelf in thy 
likeness : if thoa beest a devil, taket as thoa lisC. 

SVtn. O, forgive me my sins ! 

Sto, He that dies, pays all debts : I defy thee :^ 
Mercy upon as ! 

Col. Art thou afeard 7* 

8U. No, monster, not I. 

Co^. Be not afeard ; the isle is full of noises. 
Sounds, and sweet airs, that give delight, and hurt 

Sometimes a thousand twangling instruments 
WUl hum about mine ears ; and sometimes voices, 
That, if I then had wak'd sAer long sleep. 
Will make me sleep again : and then, in dreaming. 
The clouds, methought, would open, and shew riches 
Ready to drop upon me ; that, when I wak'd, 
I crVil to dream again. 

SU, This will prove a brave kingdom to me, 
where I shall have my music (or nothing* 

CaL When Prospero is destroyed. 

Su, That shall do by and by : I remember the 

Trin, The sound is gomg away : le^s follow it, 
and after, do our work. 

Su, Lead, monster ; well follow. — ^I would, I 
could see this taborer :* he lays it on. 

Trin, Wilt come 7 111 follow, Stephano. [EmwhL 

SCENE m^-^AnaOuT part of the IdamL EnUr 
Alonso, SxBAtTiAir, AnToirio, GoifZALO 
Adbxan, Feaitcxsco, and otherg, 

Chn, By'r lakin,' I can go no further, sir : 
My old hemes ache ; here's a maze trod, indeed, 
Through forth-rights, and meanders ! by your pa* 

I needs must rest me. 

Alon, Old lord, I cannot blame thee, 

Who am myself attach'd with weariness, 
To the dulhng of my spirits : sit down, and rest. 
Even here I will put off my hope, and keep it 
No longer for my flatterer : he is drown'd. 
Whom thus we stray to find ; and the sea mocks 
Our frustrate search on land : Well, let him go. 

Ant, I am right glad that he's so out of hope. 

[Atide to Skbastxan. 
Do not, for one repulse, forego the purpose 
That you resolv'd to eficct. 

Seb. Tho next advantage 

Will we take thoroughly. 

Ant, Let it be to-nieht : 

For, now they are oppress'd with travel, tney 
Will not, nor cannot, use such vigilance. 
As when they are fresh. 

Stb, I say, to-night : no more. 

Solemn and ttrange mime ; and Prospsrc a6ove, 
invieibU, Enter oeveral ttrange Shapet, bringing 
in a Banquet ; they dance about it unm gentle ao^ 
tiona of Mlutation ; and inviting the Kmgy 4^ ^ 
ealf they depart, 

Alon, What harmony is this 7 my good friendsi 

Gron. Marvellous sweet music ! 
Alon, Give us kind keepers, heavens! What 

were these 7 
Seb. A living drollery :' Now I will believe 
That there are unicorns ; that, in Arabis 
There is one tree, the phocmx' throne f one 

At this hour reigning there. 

"-^-caliinjtr Bhapes, and beckoning shadows dire ; 
And aery toiiTuos that syllable men*e names 
On sands, ana shores, and desert wildemessee.^* 
6 By^r lakin is a contraction of By our kufykin, the 
diminutive of our lady. 

6 Shows, called DroUerie»t were in 8hakspeare*s 
time performed bv puppeti only. From these our mo- 
dem droiUf exhibited at Tairs, kc took their name. 
" A living drollery," is therefore a drollery not by 
wooden but by living personages. 

7 " I mjsefr hsve heard strsnce thinfi of this kind of 
tree ; namely, in regard of the Bird\x^'«Vi?K\v>n 
snpirased tt> have taken thsi i^ama ot ^>a ^si^ ^^nn 


.. rn believe both J - 

And what doei else want credit, come to me. 
And rU be twoni 'tieirae : Tnnreiieri ne'er id lie, 
Though foole at home eondenin them. 

CTm- V in Naples 

I thqiild report thk now, wooU thejr believe me 7 
If I should ea? I taw such islandere, 
(F or, certei,' these are people of the island,) 
Who, though they are of monstrous shape, yet note, 
Their manners are more gentle, kind, man of 
Onr human generation you ahall find 
Many, nay, almost any. 

/Vs, Honest lord, . 

Thou hast said well j for some of you there present, 
Are worse than devils. [Aside. 

Alon, I cannot too much muse,' 

Such shapes, such gesture, and such sound, ex* 

(Al£bougn they wrant the use of tcmgue) a kind 
Of eaceUent dumb discourse. 

Pro. Praise in departing.* 

Firtm, They vamsh'd strangely. 
Seb, No matter, since 

They have lell their viands behind ; for we have 

Will't please you taste of what is hei« ? 
Mm. Not L 

Gon. Faith, sir, you need not fear : When we 
were boys, 
Who would believe that there were mountaineers, 
Pew*LappM like bulls, whose throats had hanging 

at them 
Wallets of flesh 7 or that there were such men, 
Whose heads stood in their breasts 7 which now 

wo find. 
Each putter-out on five for one,^ will bring ns 
€rood warrant o£ 

Ahn. I will stand too, and ibed, 

Akhongh my last : no matter, since I feel 
The best is past: — Brother, my lord the duke. 
Stand too,mnd do as we. 

Thunder and Hghining. Enter AniTL Hke a Ham f 
dope hie uiinge upon the tabUf and, by quaxnt as* 
ince, the Banquet vaniehee. 

Ari. You are three men of sin, whom destiny, 
(That hath to instrument this lower world. 
And what is in*t,) the never-surfeited sea 
Hath caused to belch up ; and on this island 
Where roan doth not inhabit ; you 'mongst men 
Being most unfit to live. I have made you mad : 

[Seeing ALO:f. Seb. ^. draw th^r eworde, I 
And even wim such like vdour, men hang and 

Their proper selves. You fools ! I and my lellows 
Are mmisters of fate ; the elements 
Of whom your swords are icmner'd, may as w 
Wound the loud winds, or with bemockM-at st 
Kill the still-closing waters, as diminish 

One dowle* that's m my plume ; mj Mknr 

AreUkiB isvulBenlilet if yon cmddknrly 
Your swords are now too mnssyfor yaw 
And will not be uplifted ; But, remesnber, 
(For that's my basinessto y***! ^^^^"^ T^ 
From Milan aid supplant good Prospero; 
ExposM unto the sea, which hath eeqnit it. 
Him, and his innocent child : for which ftul 
The powen; delaying^ not (bcgettiiiff, liate 
Incens'd the seas and shoren, yea au the cr«_ ^ 
iipbut your peace i Thee, of thy sou, AIoom^ 
Inay have bereft ; and do pronounco by mo. 
Lingering perdition (worse tlmn any death 
Can be at once,) shall step by step attend 
You, and your ways ; whose wraths to gumid yoi 


i Which here, in this most desolate isla, etse fidit 
Jpon your beads,) is nothing, but heart'a aasrow. 
And a clear* life ensuing. 


(cslled hi Orf>ek ^oivi( ;) f^r it was assured unto m«, 
that ihe Haii! bird died with that tree, and revived of ii- 
selfc afl the tree ^runff ai;aiQc." — HoUaiute Trtuutla- 
tionof Plinuj B. xiii. C. 4. 

1 Ccrtninry. 3 Wonder. 

8 " Praisr. in drpartinf;^'*^ is a pmverf)inl phrase 
signifying, Dn not praise your entnrtainment too soon, 
lest yuu should hare reason to retraa your conunen- 

4." Each puucr-out on five for one," i. e. carh tra^ 
Teller ; it appear:* to have been the cuKinm to place out a 
sum of money upon ffoinff abroad to be returned with 
enormous interetit if the party returned saje ; a kind of 
Insurance of a rambling nature. 

6 Bailey, In ni.-< dictionary, rut!I that dotrle is a fea- 
ther, or raihrr the sin^'lr pjirticfes nf the down. Coles, 
In his Latin Dictionary, 1B79, Interprets yoimg dottle by 
Lanugo. Ami in a history of most M.inual Arts, 1061, 
wool and dotrlf are treated as synonymous. Tooke 
eontendri that this word and others of the same form are 
cothln^ more than the i>a.^t participle of deal ; and Ju- 
bIus and Skinner bf)ih derive it from the same. I fully 
DeUeve that 1 ooke is right j the provincial word dool 

Eevtmiehee in. Thunder: (ften, ta m^ mime, 
Me Shapee again, and donee with mqpeamd 
and cany out the table. 

Pro. [AeideJ] Bravely the figure of diis harw 
hast thou 
PerformM, my Ariel ; a grace it had, devouring: 
Of my histruction hast thou nothing 't»ated. 
In what thou hadst to say: so, wiui good life,* 
And observation strange, my. meaner ministers 
Their several kinds have done : my hidh charms 

And these, mine enemies, are all ki^t up 
In their distractions : they now are in my power; 
And in these fits I leave them, whilst I visit 
Young Ferdinand, (whom they suppose is diown*d) 
And his and my lov'd darling. 

[Earit PROspEXo,/9vm o&ew. 
Gfon. I' the name of something holy, air, why 
stand you 
In this strange stare 7 

Ahn. O. it is monstrous ! monstroua 

Methou^t, the billows spoke, and told me of it ; 
The winds did sing it to me ; and the thunder. 
That deep and dreadful wgan-pipe, pronounc d 
The name of Prosper ; it end bass my tresp|u». 
Therefore my son i* the ooze is bedded ; and 
1*11 seek him deeper than eVr plummet sounded. 
And vnth him there lie mudded. [Ent, 

Sd>. But one fiend at a time, 

I'll fight their legions o'er. 
Ant, ' ril be Ihv second. 

[Exeunt Seb. and Akt. 
Chn, AH three of them ore desperate j their great 
Like poison given to work a great time tiftcr,* 
Now 'gins to bite the spirits : I do beseech you 
That are of suppler joints, follow them swiftly, 
And hinder them from what this ectasy* 
Mav now provdie them to. 
Adr, Follow, I pray voii. 


is h portion of nnplou^Tlu-d land left In a field ; Cole*, 
in his Enslirth Diclioniiry, 1701, has ^v^n dottt as a 
cant word, and interprets it died. I niuia refer the read. 
cr to the. Diversions of Purley for further proof. 

6 A clear life ; is apur«?, fJunuUeae, life. 

7 With good life. i. c. with the full bent and enercv 
of mind. Mr. Henley savs that the exproBsion is uill 
in oae in the weat of £n(^land. 

S The natives of Africa have been supposed to be 
possessed of the secret how to temper poi^^oi is with such 
art as not to operate till several years after they were 
administered. Their drugs were then as certain in 
their effect as sutMle in their preparation. 

9 Shaks|)eare u^es ecstasy for any temporary aliena- 
tlon of mind^ a fit, or madness. Mlnshen^ definition of 
this word will serve to explain Its meaning wherrver k 
occurs throughout the following pages. '* Extasie nr 
trance ; G. extase ; Lat. extasfs, absnractfo mentis. Est 
proprie mentis emotio,et quasi ex statione sua deturbatio 
seu furore, eu admlrationoi seu timore, aliova casn 
decidat.** Guide to the Tbng^ice, Itfl7 




8CSNE I.— l?c^ Prospeiv'f CtlL Enter Pkos- 
PKRO, Feedhtaud, and Mieajtda. 

Pro. If I hftve too austerely punishM you, 
Tour cMnpeuamtioo makes amends j; for I 
Have (pren you here a thread of mme own life, 
Or that for which I live : whom once again 
I tender to thy hand : all thy vexations 
Ware but my trials of thy lore, and thou 
Hast strmngely stood the test : here, afore Heaven, 
I ratify this my rich gifV. O Ferdinand, 
Do not smile at me, that I boast her off*, 
For thou shalt find she will outstrip all praise, 
Aad make it halt behind her. 

/Vr. I do believe it, 

AAinst an oracle. 

rro, TTien, as my gift, and thme own acquisition 
Worthiiv purchas*d, take ray dauehter : But 
If thou dost break her virgin knot* before 
All sanctimonious ceremonies may 
With full and holy rite be ministcr'd, 
No sweet aspersion* shall the heavens let fall 
To make this contract erow ; but barren hate, 
Sour^y'd disdain, and discord, shall bestrew 
The union of your bed with weeds so loathly, 
That you shall hate it both : therefore, take heed. 
As Hymen's lamps shall light you. 

f\Br, As I hope 

For quiet days, (air issue, and long life, 
With BU<^ love as 'tis now : the murkiest den, 
The most opportune place, tne strongest suggestion' 
0«r worser Genius can, shall never melt 
Mine honour into lust ; to take away 
The edge of that day's celebration. 
When I shall think^ or Phcsbus' steeds are founder'd, 
Or m^t kept chain'd below. 

Rn. Fairly spoke ; 

St then, and talk with her, she is thine own.^ 
Wiiat, Ariel ; my industrious servant Ariel ! 

Enter Ariel. 

i. What would my potent master 7 here I am. 
Thou and thy meaner fellows your last 

Did worthily perform ; and I must use you 
Ib such another trick : go, bring the rabole, 
0*er whom I give thee power, here, to this place : 
Incite them to quick motion ; for I must 
Hestow upon the e^-es of these young couple 
Some vamty* of mme art ; it is my promise. 
And they expect it from me. 

Aru Presently ? 

Ihro, Ay. with a twink. 
ArL Before you can say, Corner and gOj 
<AFd lyreathe twice ; and cry, so, so ; 

1 The same expression occurs in Perirlea. Mr. Hen- 
rys that h is a manifest allusion tn the zones of the 
I, which were worn as guardians of chastity 

9 Jtepereion is here used In its primitive sense of 
*» jw i»M ing, at present it is used in its figurative sense 
vis throwing om hims of calumnj and detraction. 

% Bn^gestion here means temptation or wicked 

4 '* Some vanity of mine srt ** is some iUunon, Thus 

a p assa g e, quoted by Warton, in his Dissertation 

•m the Oesta Romanorum, from EmarCf a metrical 

** The emperor said on high 
Series thys is a fayry 
Or ellys a vanite." 
S That Is, bring more than are evjjleient. " Corotlary, 
B addkion or vantage above measure, an overplus^ 
ettrplueare.^^ — Blount. 

• lUner to fodder for cattle, as hav, straw, and the 
: csfovert is the old law term, it is from cstouvier^ 
Brfl French. 
1 The old edkk>na read Pioned and Twilled brinu. 
Orid^ Banquet of Sense, by Geo. Chapman, 1^3, 
■set with 
**— Cuplike twill-pants strewed in Bacchus bowers." 
Asitt be the name of any flower, the old reading may 
Mr. Henley strongly contends for the old reading, 
•rplains pioned to mean faced up with mire in ine 
that (fitchen trim the banks of ditches : twilled 


Each one, trip|Miig tm his toe, 
Will be here with mop and mowe : 
Doyou love me, master 7 no. ' 

Pro, Deariy. my delicate Ariel: Do not tp- 
Till thou dost hear me call. 

Ari, Well I conceive. [Ent, 

Pro, Look, thou be true ; do not give daJliancp 
Too much the rein ; the strongest oaths are straw 
To the fire i' the blood : be more abstemious, 
Or else, good nighty your vow t 

Ptr, I warrant you, sir , 

The white-cold virgin snow upon my heart 
Abates the ardour of my liver. 

Pro. Well— 

Now come, my Ariel ; bring a corollary,* 
Rather than want a spirit ; appear, and pertly.— 
No tongue ; all eyes ; be silent. [S<fi mustc 
A Ma-^que, Enter Iris. 

Iria. Ceres, most bounteous lady, thy rich leas 
Of wheat, rye, barley, vetchoa, oats, and peas; 
Thy turfy mountains, where live nibbling sheep, 
And flat meads thatch'd with stover,* them to keep ; 
Thy banks with peonied and lilied brims,* 
Which spongy April at thy best betrims, 
To make cold nymphs chaste crowns; and thy 

broom groves, 
Whose shadow the dismissed bachelor loves, 
Being lass-lorn ;• thy pole-clipt vineyard : 
And thy sea-marge^ steril^ and rocky-hard. 
Where thou thyself dost air : The queen o' the sky, 
Whose watery arch, and messenger, am I, 
Bids thee leave these ; and with her sovereigi 

Here on this grass-plot, in this very place. 
To come and sport : her peacocks fly amain ; 
Approach, rich Ceres, her to entertain. 

Enter Cebes. 

Cer. Hail, many-colour'd messenger, that ne'er 
Dost disobey the wife of Jupiter ; 
Who, with thy saffron wings, upon my flowers 
Diffusest honey-drops, refresning showers :' 
And with each end of thy blue bow dost crown 
My bosky *° acres, and my unshrubb'd down. 
Rich scarf to my proud earth : Why hast thy queea 
Summoned mo hither, to this short-grass'd green 7 

Iris. A contract of true love to celebrate ; 
And some donation freely to estate 
On the blcss'd lovers. 

Cer. Tell me. heavenly bow. 

If Venus, or her son, as thou oost know. 
Do now attend the queen 7 since they did plot 
The means, that dusky Dis my daughter got. 
Her and her blind boy^s scandalM company 
I have forsworn. 

he derives from the French verb /ot/iY/er, which Cot- 
grave interprets, " filthily to mix, to mini»lc, confound, 
or shuffle together." He objects to peonied and lillifd 
because these flowers never blow m April. But Mr 
Boaden has pointed out a passage in Lord Bacon's Ks- 
say on Gardens which snnnorta the reading in the text. 
" In Jipril follow the double while violet, the wall-flow- 
er, the stock •j^lly-flower, the cowslip, nower-de-Iucrs. 
and lilliea of all natures; rose-mary flowers, the 
tulippe, the double />i'<my, lie." Lyte, In his Herbal, 
says one kind of peonie Is called by some, maiden or 
virgin peonie. And Pliny mentions the water-liily as 
a preserver of chastity. B. xxvi. C. 10. Edward Fentou, 
in his " Secret Wonders of Nature," 1569, 4to. B. vi. 
asserts that " the water-lilly mortifleth altogether the 
appetite of sensuality ana defends from unchaste 
thoughts and dreams of vcncry." The passage cer- 
tainly gains by the reading of Mr. Steevens, wliich I 
have, for these reasons, retained. 

8 That is, forsaken by his lass. 

9 Mr. Douce remarks that this is an elc jant expan- 
sion of the following lines in Phaer'a V'-gll £neid. 
Lib. iv. 

'* Dame rainbow down therefore with sa ron wings of 

drooping showres, 
Whose face a thousand sundry hues against the sun 

From heaven descending came.*' 

10 Boskv acres are woody acres, fields intersected by 
luxuriam hedge-rows and copees. 

Spiritiu wUehby MM art 
■ alPdto 

Let ■• five here ever ; 
Ifofsm m PtMtf^^ fciher, aad a wife, 

IJvwo mid CmmmM nkuper^ and mmd bus •» 

]^«i 8w««t noftr, tOeaec 

J«MP tuff C«rM wi iM y gf seriooalj : 
TlMr«'f a w a rth i i y eue to do : hmn, and be mate, 
Or efaM otir spell i« manr'd. 

/fMU Yoa ftjm^ta^ calfd Xaiads, of the waiMTrinf 

WiU» your tedf^d crryimf , and erer harmless looks, 
I/eaf« joor crispi^ chamiels, and on this green 

Answer ^mm sonmi'ms ; Juno does command : 
CooM, femp«;rate fnrraph*. and help to celebrate 
h contract of true w«re ; be not too late. 

KnUr certain Nvmpha, 
Ten sun-bumM sicklemen, oTAugust wearj, 

1 JK^Uim U tUmndmnee, panicuJarlj of barretft 

9 l^f^ rhmrmingltf fuirmonitnu. 
% **Um rmn s wonderd father,** Is a father able to 
prird»rM sarh Wfjfidcrs. 
4 fJf*0p ctiftfifielii; i. e. curled. fVom the curl rained 

»r a bre«M on the surface of the water. Be In 1 K. 
•n. IV. A/:t 1. He a. 

** ~ Iltd his rrim head in the hollow bank.*' 
ft III the tra^Mlr *» Darius, bj Lord Bierlioe, print* 
•fl In loot, la th«s MUm\n^ pasMSge : 
" iM |rreatfi#wi of her kImj ■erpfres rauiit 
11(4 w^ptres, no, but reeds, soon bruised soon 
broken ; 
Awl let this worldly pomp our wiui enchant, 

All fsd«^, and scarcelr leaves behind a token. 
ThoM roblen palaces, ihoNs siineous halls, 

With fliniiture suprrfluousljr uir, 
Thnse stsi^lr r^urts, those sk/'encountering walls, 
Kranbh all like rapours In the air.** 
The prsrediiiff Hunza awo contains evidence of the samo 
vain «f thfrngnt with Hhakspeare. 
** And when the eclipse comes of our glory's light, 

Then what STails the adoring of a name? 
A mesr iUuwUm madt to fneoit Me aight. 
Wboaa btic was but iha shadow of a <irHMi.» 

Be DOC distnrbM with nr inCnBtr : 
IT joa be pletts*d, Ktin ntto Mf eaL 
And there repose ; •toraortwon 


Fm, Come with a Ihoogk' 


Aii, Thythonghtaldeacvato: Wfcrt^l^plan 

Pro. Spint, 

Wc most prepare to nwet* with CaKbna. 
Aru Ar, mj conusander: when I 
I thoneht to hare told thee oTit ; hot I feai'd. 
Lest 1 might an^r thee. 
Pro. Saj afam, where didst thoa lenre thece 

ArL I told yon, sir, they were red-hot with 4rink* 

So full of valoor, that they smote the air 
For breathing in their faces ; beat the groimd 
For kissinff oT their feet : yet always bending 
Towards weir project : then I beat my tabor. 
At which, like anback'd colts, they prick'd their 

h is evident that one poet imirated the other, and^iC 
seems probable ttiat Shakspeare was the imiiaior. 
exact peritxl at wliich the Tempeflt was produced Is i 
known, but h is thought not earlier than 1811. k 
first printed in tbe folio of I0>23. Lord Sterllne alao ' 
a traf^edy entitled Julius Cesar, bi whkh there 
aliel painaaes to some in Shakspeare>s play on tbei 
miMectf aiM Blalone thinks the cointioence mora 

6 Ftul^dy i. e. ranishedf fmm the Latin vado. The 
ancient English pageanU were shows, on the recepcion 
of princes or other festive occasions ; they were exhibiu 
ed on stages in the open air. On tliese alleforleal spec 
tacles very coetly ornaments were bestowed. Son 
Walton's Hist, of Poetry, li. 199, ^03, Fabian, II. MS 
and above all Mr. Oiflbru's Ben Jonson mwsfM. 

7 A vapour an exhalation. See Sfr.Home Toofca*lB 
admirable observation on this passage In the Direraiona 
of Purley, Vol. ii. p. 388, 4to. ed. 

8 To amnteraet, to play stratagem agahiat 

Tou may meel 


With her abusive malice, and exempt 
Tourself from the suspicton of revenge.** 



Adrtae'd their ejtN-lidSy fillod up tlieir noM«, 
As they tmeh mane ; so I elwnn'cl their euv, 
Hat, catf-like, thej mj lowing follow'd, through 
Tooth'd hriersy sharp furzes, pricking goss, and 

Which enter'd their firail shins : at last I left them 
V the filthy mantied pool beyond your cell. 
There daaciag up to the duns, tliai the ibul lake 
O'er-stunk their feet. 

Pro, This was well done, my bird : 
Hiy shape inrisihle retain tnou still : 
The trumpery in my house, go, bring it hither, 
For stale* to catch these thieves. 
.Aru I 00, 1 go. [Exk, 

Pro, A den], a bom deril, on whose nature 
Nurture* can never stick : on whom my pabs, 
Humanely taken, all, all lost, <|uite lost ; 
And as, with age, his body urlier grows, 
So his mind cankers : I will plague them all, 

Re-enier Aeixl loaden with g^iiUpring appmd^ ^ 

Even to roaring : — Come, hang them on this line. 

PaosPKEO and Ariel remommvinMe. £n<erCA- 
I.UAK, Stephako, and Texeculo ; «U toet 

€^^ Pray yoo, tread scAly, that the blind mole 
may not 
Hear a foot &11 : we now are near his ceU. 

Stt» Monster, your iairy. which, you say, is a 
Ikarmleas fury, nu done little better than play'd the 
Jack' withuSi 

TVm. Monster, I do smell all horse-piss; at 
which my nose is m rrcat indignation. 

Sfe. &> is mine. l)o you hear, monster 7 If I 
should take a displeasure against you ; look you,^ 

TVtn, Tliou wert but a lost monster. 

€29JL Good my lord^ give me thy favour still : 
Be patient, for tne pnse 1*11 bring thee to 
Shall hood-wink this mischance ; theref<»«, speak 

AIPs hushM as midnight yet, 

7V«i. Ay, but to lose our bottles in the pool,— 

Als. There is not only disgrace and dishonour in 
th^ monster, but an infinite loss. 

Trtn. Tliat*s more to me than my wetting : yet 
this is your harmless fairy, monster. 

8U. I will fetch off my bottle, tfiough I be o*er 
«ars for my labour. 

C4d* Pr*ythee, my king, be quiet : Seest thou here, 
This is the mouth of the cell : no noise, and enter: 
I>o that good mischief, which may make this island 
Thine own for ever, and I, thy Caliban, 
"^tx aye thy fbot»licker. 

Stt, Give me thy hand : for I do begin to have 
bloody thoughts. 

Tnn, O king Stephano ! O peer !« O worthy 
Stephano ! look, what a wardrooe here is for thee! 

CW. LfCt it alone, thou fool : it in but trash. 

Trim, O, ho, monster ; we know what belongs to 
% ^^'P^'T :^— O king Stephano ! 

Ste. Put oflT that gown, Trinculo ; by this hand, 
^*1] have that gown. 

TVm. lliy grace shall have it. 

CafL The oropsy drown this fool ! what do you 
^*o dott thus on such luggage ? Let it alone,* 
-^nd do the murder first : if he awake, 
^Vom toe to crown he'll fill our skins with pinches ; 
3if ake us Strang stuff. 

Ste, Be you quiet, monster.— Mistress line, is 

' this my jerkin 7 Now is the jerkin under the 

: now, jerkin, you are like to lose your hair, 
xid prove a bald jerkin. 

1 Aa£e. In the art of fowling, si^ified a bait or lurt 

decoy mrds. 

S TSwrhnt is Ed$tcationj in our olc Inniruaqe. 

9 To iriay the Jaek^ was to play the Knave. 

4 Thw b a humorous allusion to the old ballad 
* * King 8ce|dien was a worthy peer,** of whi<fh lago 
«inp a verse in Othello. 

•6 A shop for the sale of old cloches. — Fnpperief Fr. 

4 The oM copy reads— <* Let*8 alone.** 


• Ths bamacU Is a kind of shsU-flsh, Upaa anati- 

TriH, Do, do: We steal by Imeand level, andH 
like youriraoe. 

^fe. I tnank thee for that jest ; here*s a garment 
for*t : wit shall not go imrewarded, while I am king 
of this country : SUal 6y Hne and lenst, is an excel- 
lent |>ass of pate ; there's another garment foHt. 

Trin, Monster, come, put some lime* upon 
your foMfera* End away with the rest. ' 

Ceri. Iwill have noneon't : we shall lose oar time. 
And all be tiun'd to barnacles,* or to ^>es 
With foreheads viOanous low. 

Ste, Monster, lay*to your fingers; help to bear 
this away, where my hogshead of wine is. or I'll 
turn you out of my kingdom : go to. carry tnis. 

TViu Andthis. ' 

Stt, Ay. and this. 
A notes tf Huntera heard,* EnUr divtn Smrita 

in thofe ^ Aoimdk, and ktnd than wbo^; Peos- 

PEEO and Abibl $ftting them on, 

IVo. Hey, Movfilam, hey ! 

Ari, Silver i there it goes, SUner I 

Pro, Fury! Fwyi Uiere, Tyant, there! hark, 

[Cal. Stb. and Tanr. are driven omU 
Go, charge my ffoblins that they grind their joints 
With ^ry convuuions ; shorten up their sinews 
With aged cramps ; and more pinch-spotted make 

Tlian pard,** or cat o' mountain. 
Ari, Hark, they roar 

Pro, Let them be hunted soundly : At this hour 
Lie at my mercy all mine enemies : 
Shortly snail all my labours end. and thou 
Shalt have the air at freedom : for a Uttle, 
Follow, and do me service. [E^ieunL 


SCENE L—Befrre the CeU of Prospero. ITate- 
Peospeeo m fua ma^ rooes. ana Aeiel. 

Pro, Now does my project gatner to a head : 
My charms crack n;>t ; my spirits obey ; and time 
Goes upright with his carriage. How's the day ? 

ArL On the sixth hour ; at which time, my lord. 
You said our work should cease. 

Pro, I did say so, 

When first I rais'd the tempest. Say, my spirit. 
How fares the king and his followers r 

Art. Confin'd together 
In the same fashion as ^ou gave in charge ; 
Just as you lefl tbem^ sir ; ul prisoners 
In the lime grove which weather->fends' * your cell : 
Thev cannot budge, till you release.** The king. 
His brother, and yours, abide dl three distracted ; 
And the remainder mourning over them, 
Brio»-foil of sorrow, and dismay: but oiiefly 
Him you term'd, sir. Tlu good old lord, Gonxalo; 
His tears run down his beard, like winter's drops 
From eaves of reeds: your charm so strongly 

works them. 
That if you now beheld them, your affections 
Would become tender. 

Pro, Dost thou think so, spirit? 

Aru Mine would, sir, were I human. 

Pro, And mine shall. 

Hast thou, which art but air. a touch,** a feeling 
Of their afflictions 7 and shall not myself^ 
One of their kind, that relish all as sharply, 
Passion as they, be kindlier mov'd than thou art ? 

ferOf which ancient credulity believed to produce the 
bamscie-foom. Binhop Hall refers to it in the second 
Satire of his fourth Book— 

" That Scottish bamaelet If 1 might choose. 
That of a worm doth wax a winf^ goose.** 
Oerrard, In his Herbal, 1007, p. 1901, ghm a foil de 
Bcrljpdon of it ; and the worthy Dr. Bullebi oeats those 
an Ignorant and incredulous, who do not beUeve In the 
transformation. — Bulttarie of D^enee, 1S83. Call 
ban*s Barnacle Is the elakie, or tree>gooee. 
See Tyrwbitt*B Chaucer, Note on v. 6441 

10 Pard, L e. Leopard. 

11 Defende it fnm the weather. 
13 L e. Until you releaee thrm 
IS A senealien. 


Act. T. 

ITiough whh their high wrongs I am struck to the 

Yet, with my nobler reaeon, 'faiaet my iury, 
Dn I take part : the rarer action is 
In virtue than in venfeance : they being penitent. 
The sole drift of my purpose doth ezteiM 
Not a frown further : 60^ release them, Ariel ; 
My chsjrms FU break, their senses Fll restore. 
And they shall be themselres. 
An, ril fetch them, sir. [ExiL 

Fr^ Te oItos of hills, brooks, standing lakes, 
and gnxres' ; 
And TO, that on the sands with printless foot 
Do cnase the ebbinc Neptune, and do fly him 
When he comes bade ; you demy-puppets, that 
By moon-shine do the green-sour ringlets make. 
Whereof the ewe not bites ; and you, whose pas* 

Is to make midnight-nnshrooms ; that rejoice 
To hear the solemn curfew ; br whose aid 
(Weak masters though you be'^ I have be-dimmM 
The noon-tide sun, call'a forth the mutinous winds, 
And *twixt the green sea and the azur'd vault 
Set roaring war : to the dread rattling thunder 
Have 1 given fire, and rifted Jove's stoat oak 
With his own bolt : the strong-basM promontory 
Have I made shake ; and by Die spurs pluckM up 
The pine, and cedar: graves, at my command, 
Have wui*d their sleepers ; op'd and let them iorth, 
Bv my so potent art : But this rough magic 
I here abjure : and, when I have requtHa 
Some heaveidy music, (which even now I do^) 
To work mine end upon their senses, that 
This airy charm is for, Fll break my staflT, 
Bury it certain ikthoms in the earth, 
AncL deeper than did ever plummet sound, 
FU orown my book. [Solmn 

iU'tnier Arikl : i^ter Min, Aloitso, with a Jran^ 
tio geaturtf attended by Gonzalo ; Sebastiait 
and Auto mo in Uke manner, attended £ry Adrxaiv 
and Fean CISCO : Th^ aU enter the ctrde which 
• PaosPEEO had made, and then stand charmed; 
vMkh Pros PC RO obaervmgf epeaks, 

A solemn ur, and the best comforter 

To an unsctded fiuscy, cure tliy brains. 

Now useless, boil*d within thy Am* I There 

For you are spell-stopped. 
Holy Oonzalo, honourable man, 
BCne syes, even sociable to the shew of thine, 
Fall feUowly drops. — The charm disnolves apace • 
And as the mommg steals upon (he night, 
Melting the darkness, so their rising senses 
Begin to chose the ignorant fumes that mamlo 
Their clearer reason. — O my good Gonzalo, 
My true preserver, and a loviu sir 
To lum thou foUow'st ; I will pay thy graces 
Home, both in word and deed. — -Most cruelly 
Didst thou, Alonso, use mo and my daughter : 
Thy brother was a furthercr in the act ; — 
Hiou'rt pinchM for't now, Sebastian. — Flesh and 

Ton brother mine, that entcrtainM ambition, 
EzpellM remorse* and nature; who with Sebas- 
(Whose mward pinches therefore are most strong,) 
Would here have killM your king; I do forgive 

Uimatural though thou art I — ^Their understanding 
Begins to swell; and the approaching tide 

1 Thid speech ia in some measure borrowed from 
Medea^s. fn Ovid ; the expressions are, many of ihcm 
in the old translation byOolding. But the exquiaiie 
jkiry imagery is Shakspeare's own. 

3 Thai Is; yc are powerful auxiliaries, but toraJEr if 
left to yourselves. Your employments are of the trivial 
nature before mentioned. 

S 80 in Mids. Night^s Dream — 

" Lovers and madmen have such etKthing brains." 

4 Remorse ispiiy, tendemee* of heart i nature is 
natural affection. 

, 5 This was the received opinion so in Fairfaxes 
lasio, B Iv 8t.l8.~. 

Will short!} fill the reosonahle ^Kires, , 
That now be foul and muddy. Not one of tkem^ 
That yet looks on me, or would know me : — ^Arirf, 
Fetch Bse the hat and rapier in my cell ; 

I will dis-case me, and myself present. 
As I was sometime Milan .'—quickly, spirit ; 
Thou shaJt ere long be free. 

Ariel re-«iifani, nnging, and hdf te offirt 

Ari. Where the bee audks, thers tmek /; 
In a cowslip^ 9 beil I lie: 
There I couch when owU do try. 
On the haCe back J dojfy, 
After SMimner, tMrrihf : 
Merrifyj merrily , ehall I Hve new. 
Under tAe 6^««om that hangt on the homghK 

Pro, Why, that^s my dainty Ariel; I^aU 

But vet thou shalt have freedom : so, sc^ so— 
To the king's ship^ invisible as thou art : 
There shalt thou nnd the mariners asleep 
Under the hatches ; the master, and the boatswain^ 
Being awake, enforce them to this place ; 
And presently, I pr'ythee. 

Art. I drink the air before me and return 
Or e*er your pulse tv\ice beat, [Exit Ariel. 

Chm, All torment, trouble, wonder, and amase 
Inhabits here : Some heavenly power guide us 
Out of this fcarful country ! 

Pro. Behold, nr king; 

The wronged duke of Milan^ Prospero : 
For more assurance that a hving prince 
Does now speak to thee, I embrace thy body ; 
And to thee and thy company, I bid 
A hearty welcome. 

AUm, Whe'r* thou beest he, er no 

Or some enchanted trifle to abuse me, 
As late I have been, I not know : thy pulse 
Beats, as of flesh aixl blood ; and, since I saw th«:c , 
The afiliction of my mind amends, with which, 
I fear, a madness held me : this nnist crave 
(An if this be at all) a most strange story. 
Thy dukedom I resign ; and do entreat 
Thou pardon mo my wrongs :-^But how shoiilJ 

Be living, ana be here ? 

Pro. First, noble friend. 

Let mo embrace thine age ; whose honour cannot 
Be mcasurM, or confmM. 

Gon. Whether this be, 

Or be not, I'll not s>veiir. 

Pro. Tou do yet taste 

Some Fubfiltlcs' o' the isle, ihat will not let you 
Believe tilings certain : — Welcome, my friends all ' 
But you, my brace of lords, were I so minded, 

[Aside to Seb. and AwT 
I here could pluck his higlmcss' frown upon you. 
And justify you traitors : at tliis time 
rU tell no talcs. 

Seb. The devil speaks in him. [Ande. 

Pro. No:— 

For you, most wicked sir, whom to call brother 
Would even infect my mouth, I do forgive 
Thy rankest fault ; all of them ; and require 
My dukedom of thee, which, perforce,! know. 
Thou must restore. 

Alon, If thou beest Prospero, 

Give us purticulars of thy preservation : 
How thou hast met us here, who three hours since^ 

** The £nblins, fairies, fiends, find furies mad, 
Rantred in flowrie dalrn. and mountaincs hore, 
•tf/fd under every trembling leaf they ait.^* 

6 Whether. 

7 Subtilties are quahit deceptive hirentions; the 
word is common to ancient cookery, m which a dis 
guised or ornamented dish is so termed. 

6 The unity of time is moRt rigidly observed in this 
lece. The fable scarcely takes up a greater number o| 
ours than are employed in the reprc^otiUitidn. Mr 
Steevens thinks that Shakspeare purposely deuigned to 
show the cavillers of the time, that he too could write s 
play within all the otrictest laws of regularity. 





W«ra wreckM npoa tint ikore ; where I have loit 
(How tbmrp the point of this remembrance ii !) 
a^d^ ton f^erdinand. 

jVo I am woe' fbr't, sir. 

,Ak . Irreparable is the loit ; and Patience 
Sajt, 1 it patt her cure. 

Pro. I rather think, 

Tou have not tousht her help ; of whose soft grace. 
For the like loss, 1 have her sovereign aid, 
And rest mytelf content. 

Aim. Ton the like lost ? 

Pro. As great to me, at late ; and portable' 
To make the dear lott, have I meant much weaker 
Than vou majr call to comfort you ; for I 
Have lost my daughter. 

Jiian. A daughter 7 

heavens ! that they were living both in Naples, 
The king and queen there ! that Uiey were, I wish 
Myself were mudded in that oozy bed 

Wnere my ton lies. When did you k>te your 

daujghter 7 
Pro, In thu latt tempett. I perceive, theie lordt 
At this encounter do to much admire. 
That they devour their reaton ; and tcarce think 
Their eyet do officct of truth, their wordt 
Are natural breath: but, howtoe*er you have 
Been juttled from your tenses, know for certain, 
Tliat I am Prospero, and tliat very duke 
Wluch was thrust forth of Milan; wno meet strangely 
Upon this shore, where you were Mrreck^d, was 

To be the lord on't. No more yet of this ; 
For 'tis a chronicle of day by day. 
Not a relation for a breakifast. nor 
Befitting this first meeting. Welcome, sir ; 
This ceU*s ray court : here have I few attei 
And subjects none abroad : pray you, look in. 
My dukedom, nnce vou have given me again, 

1 will requite you with as good a thing ; 

At least, bring forth a wonder, to content ye, 
As much as me my duliedom. 

TUs entraneo of the CeU openo, mnd dtMeovert Fek- 
DiHAjrD and Mieawda playing at chaa, ^ \ 

Mira. Sweet lord, you play me false. 

F&. No, my dearest loiie, 

I would not for the world. 

JUira. Tes, for a score of kingdoms you thould 
. wrangle,* 
And I would call it fair play. 

jI/bii. If thit prove 

A visioo of the bland, one dear son 
Shan I twice lose. 

SA. A most high miracle ! 

Fkr, lliough the seas threaten, they are merci- 
I have curs'd them without cause. 

[Fan. ibieeb to Alok. 

Juam. Now all the blessings 

Of a glad &ther compatt thee about ! 
Arite, and tay how tnou cam'tt here. 

-M«»». O! wonder I 

How many goodly creaturet are there here ! 
How beauteous nUnkind is ! O brave new world. 
That hat tuch people in*t I 

P^ "Tit new to thee. 

JUiM. What It thit maid, with whom thou watt 
at play 7 
Yoor eld*tt acouaintance cannot be three heart : 
Is she the goddess that hath sever'd us, 
And brought us thus together 7 


II am oorry for It 3 Bearable. 

3Mr. Pye savt, I conceive Shakspeare, who was no 
race weigher oi words, meant wrangling to be equiva* 
MM with playing false, or wkh unfair advantage. So in 
Henry Y. the king, in allusion to the tennis balls, directs 
«he ambassadors to cell the dauphin— 

'VHt hath made a match with such a wrangler. 

That all the courts of France shall be disturi)*d 

With chases.** 
_ Mr. Pye'a explanation b correct : but bis deduction 
Mac Shakspeare was ** no niee weigher of t^ordo» b 
temUf fkJse. S h s k s p es r e*s words are always the most 

fy. Sir, she's mortal ; 

But, by immortal Providence, Hie's mine ; 
I chose her, when I could not ask my iather 
For hu advice ; nor thought I had one : she 
Is daughter to this famous duke of Milan^ 
Of whom so often I have heard renown, 
But never saw before ; of whom I have 
Received a second life, vid second &ther 
Thb lady makes him to me. 

AUm. I am her't : 

But O, how oddlv will it tound, that I 
Mutt atk my child fiwgtvenett ! 

Pro. There, tir, tHOfz 

Let ut not burden our rememlvancet 
With heavinett that't gone. 

Qim. 1 have inly wept. 

Or should have q>oke ere thb. Look down, jtm 

And on this couple drop a blessed crown ; 
For it b you, that have ch^'d forth the way 
Which brought us hither ! 
.Mon. I say. Amen, Gonsalo 

Oon. Was Milan thrust from Milan, that hb 
Should become kings of Naples 7 O. rejoice 
Beyond a common joy : and set it oown 
With ffold on lasting pillart : In one voyage 
Did CXaribel her hutband find at Tunb j 
And Ferdinand, her brother, found a wife 
Where he himtelf wat lott ; ProtpMX> hb «*iil«^Mlftm| 
In a poor ble ; and all of ut, ourtdvet, 
When no man wat hb own.* 
AUm. Give me your hands : 

Let grief and torrow tdU ^amrace hb heait, 
That doth not wish you joy! 
Gon. Be't to I Amen ! 

Re-enter Abixl, with the Matter emd Boatswain 
amaxedljf following, 

look, sb, look, sir : here are more of ut ! 

1 prophesied, if a gallows were on land, 

Tnb fellow could not drown :— Now, blasphemy, 
That swear'st grace o'erboard, not an oath on 

Hast thou no mouth by land 7 What b the nevrs T 

Boata. The best newt it, that we have afelj 
Our kin£, and company: the next eur thip. 
Which, but three giattet tince, we save out tpht,-* 
It ticht and yare,^ and bravely rigf d, at when 
We nrtt put out to tea. 

An, Sir, all thb lervioe ) 

Have I done tince I went. > [AMe. 

Pro. My trickty* tpirit ! ) . 

Alom, Tliese are not natural events; they 
From strange to stranger :— Say, how came you 
hither 7 

Boots. If I did think, sir, I were well awake, 
I'd strive to tell you. We were dead of sleep. 
And (how, we know not,) all clapp'd under hatoiea. 
Where, but even now, with strange and several 


We were awak'd :' straightway » ...^. . , . 
Where we, in all ner trim, freshly beheld 
Our royal, good, and rallant ship ; our master 
Ctp'ring to eye her : On a trice, so please you. 
Even in a dream, were we divided from them. 
And were brought moping hither. 

' — ^— ^ 

expressive and most appropriate. To wrangle. In the 
language of hb time, was to ha/t or overlMwarti Co run 
back and yet not cease to contend. 

4 Wiien no bmui was m his senses or bad ao^f-poi. 

6 See If oce 8* Be. 1 

• Neat, adroit. Florio Interprets *Tarffolecu { qnaloi, 
pretty, nimble, trisie, tender, snail.** When we re • 
member the tiny dimensions of Ariel, who could Ue in 
the bell of a cowslip, the epithet, like all those of the 
great poet, will be found peculiarly appropriate 

roaring, shrieking, howling, gingling chains, 
d more diversity of sounds, all horrible, 
B were awak'd : straightway at liberty : 


ArL Wu t wen don«? 1 

Pre, BrATely, my diligence. Tlion thalt > [Atid§. 
be free. ) 

jUtm. This ii u ftraoge a mase u e*er men 
And there is in tlus business more than nature 
Was ever conduct' of: some oracle 
Must rectify our knowledge. 

Pro, Sir, mj liege, 

I>o not infest jroor mind with beating on* 
The strangeness of this business : at pick'd leisure. 
Whi ch shul be shortly, single Pll resolve you 
(Which to you dial! seem probable') of every 
These hsj^enM accidents : till when, be cheerful, 
And tlunk of each thing welL— Come hither, spirit; 

Set Caliban and his companions free : 

Untie the spell. [Exit AaiEL.] How (ares my 

gracious sir ? 
There are yet missinff of your company 
Some few odd lads, that you remember not. 

Jtt-enfer AaiXL, drmn^ m CALnsjiir, Stephavo, 
and Trinculo, in their ttoUn aypccrtL 

8U. Every man shift for all the rest, and let no 
nan take care for himseU*: for all is but fortune :— 
Coragloy buUy-monster, Cforagio ! 

Tnn, If these be true spies which I waar in my 
nead, here's a goodlv sight. 

CaL O SeteTOB, tnese be brave spirits, indeed ! 
How fine my master is I I am afraid 
Ue will chastise me. 

Stb. Ha, ha; 

What things are these, my loiii Antonio ! 
Will money buy them r 

AnL Very like ; one of them 

Is a plain fish, and, no doiibt, marketable. 

JRro. Marie but the badges of these men, my 
Tlien say, ir they be true:* — This mis-shapen 

His mother was a witch ; and one so strong 
That could control the moon, make flows and ebbs. 
And deal in her command, without her power : * 
These three have robb'd me : and this demi-devil 
(For he*8 a bastard one) haa plotted with them 
To take my life : two or theno fellows you 
Must know, and own ; this thing of darkness I 
Acknowledge mine. 

CaL I shall be pinchM to death. 

AUm, Is not this Stephano, my drunken butler 7 

Sd>, He is drunk now : Where had he wine 7 

JUon, And Trinculo is rcelmg lipe: Where 
should they 
Find this grand liquor that hath gilded them 7*— 
How cam^t thou m this pickle 7 

ZWn. I havo been in such a pickle, since I saw 
you last, that, I fear me, will never out of my 
bones : I shall not fear flv-blowing. 

^e6. Why, how now, Stephanoi 

SU. O, touch me not ; I am not Stephano, but a 

Pro, You'd be kins of the isle, sirrah 7 

8U. I should have been a sore one Uien. 

AUnu This is as strange a thin^ as e'er I look'd 
on. [Pomttn^ to Caltbait. 

Pro, He is as disproportion'd in his manners, 
As in his shape : — Cro, sirrah, to my cell ; 
Take with you your companions ; as you look 
To have my pardon, trim it handsomely. 

CaL Ay. tnat I wil l r a nd I'll be wise hereafter, 
And seek tor grace : What a thrice double ass 
Was I, to take this drunkard for a god. 

1 Conductor. 

9 There is a vul^r expremfon still in use, of similar 
Import. " Still hammering at it." 

S This parenthetical passage seems to mean: — **When 
I have explained to jou, then these strange events shall 
ssem more probable than tbev do now.** 

4 Honett, 

And worship this dull fool ! 

Pro, Got«; awmy?» 

Akn, Hence, and bestow your loggage wiiora 
you found it. 

Seb. Or stole it, rather. 

[EjBeunt Cki^Brm. and T^tw, 

Pro, Sir, I invite your highness, and your tnia 
To my poor cell : where you riiall take your rest 
For this one ni|^t ; which (part of it) 1% waste 
With such discourse, as, I not doubt, diall make it 
€ro quick away : the story of my life. 
And the particular accidents, sone by, 
Since I came to this isle : Am in the mom, 
ril brine you to yoiur ship, and so to Na|»les, 
Where I have hope to see the nuptial 
Of these our dear-belov'd solemnized : 
And thence retire me to my Milan, wWa 
Every third thought riiall l>e my grave. 

Aun, I loB^ 

To hear the story of your life, which mutt 
Take the ear strangely. 

Pro, m deliver all ; 

And promise you calm seas, auspicious galea. 
And sail so expeditious, that shall catch 
Your royal fleet fer off". — My Ariel,— cfedck,— 
That is thy charge ; then to the elements 
Be free, and fere thou well l^Aride,] Please yoo, 
draw near. (J|?j 



Now my charms are all o'erthrawn, 
And what streufrth I have's mine own. 
Which is most feint : now, 'tis true, 
I must be here confin'd by you. 
Or sent to Naples : Let me not, 
Since I have my dukedom got. 
And pardon'd the deceiver, dwell 
In this bare island, by yotir spell ; 
But release me from my banas. 
With the hvlp of your gotKl hands,' 
Gentle breain of yours my sails 
Must fill, or else my project feils. 
Which was to please : Now I want 
Spirits to enforce, art to enchant; 
And my ending is despair, 
Unless I be rclievM by prayer ; 
Which pierces so, that it assaults 
Mercy itself, and frees all feults. 

As you from crimes would pardon'd be» 
Let your indulgence set me fi^e. 

[It is observed of Tlif Tempest^ that Its plan Is regft- 
lar ; this the author of The Jtevisal thinks, what I thyik 
too, an accidental cfTcct of the story, iicM intended or re- 
garded by our author. But whatever might be Shak 
spcare^s intention in forming or adopting the plot, he has 
made it instrnmental to the production of many charac* 
ters, diversified with boundless) invention, and preserved 
with profound skill in iMture, extensive knowled^ of 
opinions, and accurate observation of life. In a single 
drama are here exhibited princes, courtiers, and sailors, 
all speaking in their real characters. There is the 
agency of airy spirits, and of an eanhly goblin. ' Tho 
operations of magic, the tumults of a storm, the adven- 
turcs of a desert island, the native effusion of untaught 
affection, the punishment of guilt, and the final happt 
ness of the pair for whom our pttssions and reason ara 
equally interested.] JOHNSON. 

5 That is, work the same effecta as the moon without 
her delegated authority. 

6 The allusion ts to the dixir of the Alchemists Tho 

fhrase of being gilded was a trite one foi Cietng drunk 
'letcher uses it m the Chances : — 
Jhikt. Is she not dnmk too ? 
Wh. A little rilded o'er, sir ; old sack, old boys. 

7 By your appumae. Noise was supposed to dissolve 
a spell. Thus before In this play . — 

« Hush ! be mute ; 

Or else our spelt ft marr^d,^ 



rHIS ii one of ShftlnpeaTef earUest if not hia flnt 
play. It waa not printed until 1633, biu It is men- 
tioiied bj Merea in liia Wit*a Treaatny, printed in 1598. 
k beam atroog internal marka of an early compoaitlon. 
Fope baa obaerred, thai ** the atyle of this comedv is 
leaa figuratire, and more natural and unaffected than 
the greater part of Shakapeare'a, though suppoeed to 
be one of the first he wrote.*' Malone is inclined to con* 
alder this to be in consequence of that rerj circumatance, 
and that it ia natural and unaffected becauae it waa a 
youthful performance. " Though many young poeta of 
OTdinary talenta are lad by false taate to adopt inflated 
and flguratiTe language, why ahould we auppose that 
auch anould have been the courae puraued by thia mas- 
ter genlua ? The flfivative style of Othello, Lear, and 
MadMth. written when he waa an established and lonff 
pactlaed dramatist, may be aacribed to the additional 
knowledge of men and thhiga which he had acquired 
during a period of fifteen years ; in consequence of 
which his mind teemed with imagea and illustrations, 
and thoughts crowded so fast upon him, that the con- 
acmction, in these and aome other plays of a still later 
period, ie much more difllcult and involved than in the 
productiona of iiia youtli.** 

Hanmer thought Bhakapeare had no other hand in 
this play than the enlivening ft with some speeches and 
lines, which, he ihinkaf are eaaily distinguished Arom 
iha resL Upton peremptorily aaaeru, ** that if any 
proof can be drawn from manner and style, this play 
muat be sent packing, and wetik for its parent else- 
where." *<How otherwise.** saya he, "do painters 
diaiinguish copies from originala, and have not authors 
their peciiliar atyle and manner, from which a true cri- 
tic can form as unerring judgment as a painter .'** To 
ihia Johnaon repUea very aatiaiactorily : "1 am aflraid 
this illuatration of a critic's science will not prove what 
fa desired. A painter knows a copy from an original 
by rules somewhat resembling those by which critics 
Imow a tranalation, which, if ft be literal, and literal it 
must be to resemble the copv of a picture, will be easily 
distinguished. Copies are known from originals, even 
when a painter copies his own piaure : so if an authar 
abould literally translate hia work, he would lose tlie 
manner of an originaL Upton confounds the copy of a 
picture with the imitation of a painter's manner. Copies 
are easily known ; but good imitations are not detected 
with equal certainty, and are, bv the best judges, oflen 
miatakeiu Nor is it true tliatthe writer haJs always 
peculiarities squally distinguishable with those of the 
painter. The peculiar manner of each arises from the 
desire, natural to every performer, of facilitating his 
sidiseqaent work bv recurrence to his former ideas: 
this rscurreoce produces that repetition which is called 
hablL Tlie painter, whose work is panly intellectual 
and partly manual, has habits of the mind, the eye, 
and the hand ; the writer has only habits of the mind. 
Tai aome painters have differed as much from them- 
selves as from any other ; and 1 have been told, that 
there is liule reaemblance between the first works of 
Baphasl an%i the lasL The same variation may be ex- 
peoed in writers \ and, if it be true, as it seems, that 
thsT are less subject to habit, the difference between 
ibsir works may be yet greater.** 

** Bui by the internal marlca of composition we may 
diaeover the author with probability, though aeldoni 
with certainty. When I read thia play, I cannot but 
ihiok that I find both in the aerious and ludicrous 
aesaes, the language and sentiments of Shakspeare. 
Bis not indeed one of his most powerful effusions : it 
has neither many dlversitiea of cnaractcr, nor striking 
ddineatlon of life, but H aboimds in ywfuu beyond most 
sf Ms plays, and few have more lines or pasaages 
which, nngly considered, are eminently beaudfuL I 
am yet inclined to believe that it was not very success- 
ful, and suspect that it has escaped corruption, only be- 
caoss, being seldom played, ft waa less exposed to the 
hasarda of transcription.'* 

Pops has set what he calls a mark of reprobation 
vpOQ the low and trifling concehs which are to be found 
in lUs play. It ia true that the familiar acenea abound 
*kh qmbUss aoud concehs } but the poet must not be 

condemned for adopting a mode of wridnff admired by 
his contemporaries ; they were not considerad low and 
trifling in Shalcspeare'a age. but on the contrary wera 
very generally admired and allowed for pure and ge- 
nuine wiL Yet some of these scenes have much farci- 
cal drollery and invention : that of Launce with his dog 
in the fourth aa ia an biatance, and aurely ** Speed's 
mode of proving his master to be in love is nefther deft- 
cient h\ wit or acnae.** 

"The tender scenes in this play, thoiwh not so 
highly wrought aa in aome others, have ^ten much 
sweetness of sentiment and expression.** Schlegel 
says : " ft is aa if the world waa obliged to accom- 
modate itself to a tranaient youthful caprice, called 
love.'* Julia may be considered a light aketch of iho 
lovely characters of Viola and Imogen. Her answer to 
Lucetta'a advice against following her lover in disguise 
has been pointed out as a beautiiul and higUy poetical 

" That it ahould ever have been a quesdon whether 
this c<«ie(^ were the genuine and entire composition of 
Shakspeare appeara to me very extraordinary,** says 
Malone. "Hanmer and Upton never seem to have 
considered whether ft were his first or one of his lateat 
piecea :— ia no allowance to be made for the first flights 
of a yotmg poet ? nothing for the imitation of a prece- 
ding celebrated dramatist,* which hi aome of the lower 
dialogues of this comedy (and these only) may, I tlUnk, 
be traced ? But even these, aa well as the other parts of 
the play, are perfectly Shakspearian (1 do not aay as 
finished and beautiful as any of his other pieces j) and 
the same judgment must. I conceive, be pronotmced 
concerning the Comedy or Errora and LoveS Labour's 
Lost, by every person who is intimately acquainted with 
his manner of writing and thinking.** 

Sir William Blackatone observes, " that one of the 
great faults of the Two Oentlemen of Verona to the has- 
tening too abruptly, and without preparation, to tho 
denouement, which ahows that it waa omb or Sbak- 
speare'B very early performances.'* Dr. Johnson \n his 
concluding observaaons has remarked upon the geogra* 
phical errors. Thev cannot be defended by attributing 
them to his vouthful inexperience, for one of his latest 
productinns is also liable to the same objeaion. To 
which Malone replies : " The truth, I believe, is, that 
aa he neglected to observe the rules of the drama with 
respect to the unities, though before he began to write 
they had been enforced by Sidney in a treatiae which 
doubtless he had read ; so he seema to have thought 
that the whole terraqueous globe waa at hia command ; 
and as he brought in a child at the beginning of a pAay, 
who in the fourth act appeara aa a woman, ao he seents 
to have set geography at defiance, and to have consi- 
dered countries as inland or maritime just aa it suited 
his fancy or convenience." 

Some of the Incidcnia in this play 'may be aup 
posed to have been taken from Tne Arcadia, book 1. 
ch. vi. where Pyroclea consents to head the Helots. 
The Arcadia waa entered on the Stationers* books in 
1588. The love adventure of Julia reaembles that of 
Viola in Twelfth Night, and is indeed common to many 
of the ancient novels. 

Mrs. Lennox informs us, that the story of ProteuM 
and Julia might be taken from a sbnilar one in " The 
Diana" of Montemayor. This pastoral romance waH 
translated from the Bpaniah in Shakspeare's time, by 
Bartholomew Young, and published in 1598. It doeti 
not appear that ft was previously published, though it 
waa translated two or three years before bf one Thoma.^ 
Wilson, perhaps some parts of it may have been made 
public, or Shakspeare may have found the tale elae- 
where. It haa before been observed that Meres men- 
tions the Two Oentlemen of Verona in hto book, pub- 
lished in 1596. Malone conjectures that this play was 
the first that Shalupeare wrote, and places the date ot 
its composition in the year 1591. 

* Malone points at Lilly, whose comedies were per- 
formed with great success and admiration jprevious to 
Shakspeare's commencement of mi dramatic career 




Duke of Milah, FMtr to SUtU. 

Ahtoitio, Fatitr to P»>teus. - 
Tbubio, o/bolith Rival to y«lentiii«. 
BaiiAMOvm, Agwlfift SQvU m Aer « 
Spsxd, « dowmM Servant to ValentiiM. 
IiAinrcK, AmMNl to Protent.^ 
PAVTBiiro, Servant to Antoauu 
BcMt, tp^rv JiUiftMfM in Jllibm. 

Julia, a La^ o^ rsrwM, beUmvd l» PirotMM. 
SiLTiA, tiW JjMt Jkmghttr^ bdovad ly yakiK 

LvczTTA, FFoiCmf HDoflMM to Jnlim. 

Servantif 3n 

SCENE, •omeHm t i m VxBoirA: »^ . .. . .. _ ■ 

MiLAV ; and on Ihejhnikrt ^MaMtua, 


9CENE L— tJfft ^en pUue m Fcrono.. JSTntor 
▼alkittivb and Pkotbui. 

Folenfiiiei • 

CsAia to pemade, my loving Proteus ; 
Remo-keeplBc youth hare erer homely witi :> 
WerH not, tmction chains thy tender days 
To the tweet gUunces of thy honour'd lore, 
I rather would entreat thy company, 
1V> tee the wonders of the world abroad. 
Than Ihrinc duUy slaf|ardiz*d at home. 
Wear oat tny youth with shapeless idleness.* 
lUit, owe thou Wst, k>Te still, and thrive therein, 
Even as I would, when I to lore begin. 

Pro, Wilt thou begone 7 Sweet Valentine, 
lliink on thy ProCau, when thou, haply, seost 
Some rare note-worthy object in thy travel : 
Wish me partaker m thy happiness. 
When thou dost meet good hap ; and, in thy 

If ever danger oo environ thee, 
Commend thy grievance to myholy prayers. 
For I will be thy bead's-man, valentine. 

VaL And on a love-book pray ibr my success. 

.Pro. Upon some book I love, Fll pray for thee. 

F«L That's on some shallow story ofaeep love. 
How young Leander crossM the HeUesDont> 

Pro, Thai's a deep story of a deeper love j 
For he was more thaq over shoes in love. 

VaL 'TIS true ; for you are over boots in love. 
And yet you never swam the Hellespont. 

Pro. Over the bopu ? nay, give me not the 

Fa£. No, I will not, for it boots thee not. 

Pro. What? 

Vol, To be in love, where scorn is bought with 
Coy looks, with heart-sore sighs ; one iadmg mo- 
ment's mirth. 
With twenty watchful, weary, tedious nights : 
If baply woo, perhaps a hapless gain ; 
If lo^ vrhy then a grievous labour won ; 
However, but a folly bought with wit. 
Or else a wit by foUy vanquished. 

Pro. So by your circumstance, you call me fool. 
VaL So, by your circumstance,* I fear, you'll 

Pro. 'Tis love you cavil at ; I am not Love. 
FaJ. Love is your master, for he masters you : 

And he that is so yoked by a fooL 
Methinks should not be chronicled for 

Pro. Tet writers say. As in the sweotMt bal 
The eating canker dwells, so eating leva 
Inhabits in the finest wits of aU. 

VaL And writers say. As the most fonraid hd 
y eaten by the canker ere it Mow, 
Even so by love the young and tender wit 
Is tum'd to folly ; blasting in the bud, 
Locnng his veraure even in the prime. 
And ul the fair effects of future hopes. 
But wfarrefore waste I time to council thea^, 
That art a votary to fond desire 7 
Once more adieu : my fiither at the road 
Eroects my coming, there to see me shmp'd* 

Pro. And thither will I bring thee, ValeBtiaab 

VaL Sweet Proteus, no ; now let lis tak« Mt 
To* Milan, lot me hear from thee by lcMa(% 
Of thy success in love, and what news else 
Betideth here in absence of thy firiend ; 
And I likewise will visit thee with auoe. 

Pro. All happiness bechance to the^ in Idaa ! 

VaL As much to you -at home land so, fiurewal I 

[Exit TALurrnn. 

Pro. He after honour hunts. I after love. 
He leaves his friends^ to dignity them mora ^ 
I leave myselll my fnends, ana all for love. 
Thou, Juua, thou nast metamorphos'd me ; 
Made me neglect my studies, lose ray time. 
War with ^ood counsel, set Uie world at nought; 
Made wit with musing weak, heart sick with thmig^ 

Enter Speed. 

Speed. Sir Proteus, save you: Saw you mf 
master ? 

Pro. But now he parted hence, to embailE for 

Speed. Twenty to one Uien ho is shipp'd already ; 
And I have played the sheep,' in losing him. 

Pio. Indeed a sheep doth very often stray^ 
An if the shepherd be awhile away. *• 

Speed, You conclude that my master is a shap- 
hero then, and I a sheep 7 

Pro. I do. 

Speed, Why then, my horns are his horns, wha- 
ther I wake or sleep. 

Pro. A silly answer, and fitting well a sheep. 

Speed, This proves me still a sheep. 

Pro, True ; and thy master a shepherd. 

Speed, Nay, thct I can deny by a circumstanee. 

I Milton has the same play upon words in bin Comus. 
*' It ki for homely features to keep horns, 
They had their name thence.»» , , . , 

9 The expression ehttnelese idieneee Is admirahly 
expressive, as implying that idleness prevents the giv- 
ing form or character to the manners. , 

t The allusion is to Marlow^s poem of Hero and 
Leander, which was entered on the Stationers* books 
li IdOa. though not published till 15©9. It was proba- 
blv circulated In manuscript In the Interim, as wss the 
custom at that period. The poem seems to have made 
sn Impresston on Shak«pcare, who appears to t.ave 
recently perused It, for he again alludes to it In the 
•hint act And in As You Like It be has quoted a line 

4 A proverbial exprewion, now disused, signifyhi^ 
* Don't make a laughing-stock of me.* The French 
have a phrase Bailferjoin en eome : which Colgrava 
interpreui,'io give one the boots ; to sell him a bargain.* 
Perhaps deduced from a humorous punbihment at har- 
vest home feasts in Warwickshire. 

o Circumetance Is useo equivocally. It here mean* 
conduct i in the preceding ' line, cuxumstandal da 

6 The construction of this passage, is, '< Let ma hear 
from thee by letters to Milan," I. e. addressed to Milan. 

7 In Warwickshire, and some other counties, a s/ 
is pronounced a ehip. Without this explanatkni 
jest, such as it is, might escape the reader 




Pro, It than m l^^d. but m prove it by another. 

Spetd, The uiephera seeks the sheep, and not 
the sheep the shupherd ; but I seek my master, 
and my mhster seeks not me : therefore I am no 

PriK The sheep for fodder follow the shepherd, 
the shepherd for food follows not the sheep ; thou 
for warn foUowest thy master, thy master for 
warn follows not thee : therefore thou art a sheep. 

4>c^ Such another proof will make me cry baa. 

Pro. But dost thou hear ! gay'st thou my letter 
to Julia? 

Speed, Ay, sir ; I, a lost mutton, gave youl let- 
ter to her, a laced mutton;* ana she, a laced 
mutton, gave me, a lost mutton, nothing for my 

Pro, Here's too small a pasture for such a store 
ol muttons. 

Speed. If the ground be orerchai^ed, you were 
best stick her. 

Pro. Nay, in that you are astray ; 'twere best 
pound you. 

Sfeed. Nay, sir, less than a pound shall serre 
sue lor carrying your letter. 

Pro. Tou mistake ; I mean the podnd. a pinfold. 

Speed, From a pound to a pin 7 fold it over and 
^^ over, 

'^Tis threefold too little for carrying^ a letter to your 

Pro, But what said she 7 did sh6 nod ?> 

[Speed nods. 

Speed, I. 

Pro, Nod, I ! why, that's noddy. 

Speed, X ou mistook, sir 7 I say she did nod : 

id you ask me, if she did nod ; and I say, I. 

Pro. And that set together is — noddy. 

Speed. Now you have taken the pains to set it 
^Mother, take it for your pains. 

Pro, No, no, you shaU have it for beating the 

Speed, Well, I perceive I must be foin to bear 
nriih you. 

Pro. Why, sir, how do you bear with me 7 

Speed, Marry, sir, the letter very orderly ; hav- 
jngnothing but the word, noddy, (or my pains. 

Pro. Beshrew me^ but you hav; a quick wit. 

Speed, And yet it cannot overtake your slow 

Pro. Come, come, open the matter in brief: 
What said she 7 

Speed, Open your purse, that the money and the 
matter may be both at once delivered. 

Pro. Well, air, here is for your pains : What 
saki she 7 

Speed. Truly, sir, I think you'll hardly win her. 

Pro, Why/ Could'st tAoa perceive so much 
from her? 

Speed, Sir, I could perceive nothinz at all from 
her ; no, not so mucn as a ducat ^r delivering 
your letter : And being so hard to me that brought 
your mind, I fear shehl prove as hard to you in 
telling your mind. Give ner no tdken but stones, 
for she's as hard as steeL 

Pro. What, said rite nothing 7 

Speed. No, not so much as — tcJce t/ds for thy 
MBM. To testify your bounty, I thank you, you 
have testem'd' me ; in requital whereof, hence- 
forth carry your letters yourself: and so, sir, Fll 
commend you to my master. 

1 Cocgrave explains /a««dm«i/Can,nnegarce,putain, 
fiUe de joye. It was so established a term tor a cortezan, 
thst a kne in ClerkoDwell, much frequented by loose 
wamen, b said to have been thence called Mutton Lane. 

i Thboe words were supplied by Theobald to intro- 
isee what follows. In Speed's answer, the old spelling 
M'the aArmadve particle has been retained ; otherwise 
Iks conceit would be unintelligible. Noddy wsj a game 

t TfetenOf or (as we now commonly call them, tee- 

f«*t,) from a head that was upon them, were coined in 

KtL 8ir H. Speiman says they were a French coin of 

^tks value of lid. ; and he does not know but that they 

W% — ■ 


Go, so, begone, to save your ship trom 

wrecK ; 

Which cannot perish, having thee aboard. 
Being destined to a arier death on shore :— 
I must go send some better messenger ; 
I fear my Julia would not deign my lines. 
Receiving them from such a worthless post. 


SCENE n. The eame. Garden ^Julia's Junue, 
Enter Jvlia and Lucetta. 

JuL But say, Lucetta, now ve are alone, 
Would'st thou then counsel me to fall in love 7 

Luc Ay. madam ; so you stumble not imheed • 

JuL Of all the fair resort of gentlemen. 
That every day with parle* encounter me, 
In thy opinion, which is worthiest love 7 

Lmc Please yon, repeat their names, FU show 
my mind 
Acconhng to my shallow simple skill. 

Jul What think'st thou of the fair Sir Eglamour ? 

Luc As of a knight well-spoken, ne^t and fine ; 
But, were I you^ he never should be mine. 

JuL Wiiat think'st thou of the rich Mercatio? 

Imc Well of his wealth ; but of himself, so, so. 

Jul. What think'st thou of the gentle Proteus 7 

Luc I^rd, lord ! to see what folly rei^s in us ! 

JuL How now f what means this passion at his 

Imc Pardon, dear madam ; 'tis a passing shame. 
That I, unworthy body as I am. 
Should censure^ thus on lovely gentlemen. 

Jul. Why not on Proteus, as of all the rest 7 

Luc Thon thus,-^-of many good I think him 

JuL Tour reason 7 

Luc I have no other but a woman's reason ; 
I think him so, because I think him so. 

Jul. And would'st thou have me cast my love <hl 

Zmc Xy, if you thought your love not cast away 

JuL Why. he of all the rest hath never mov'd me. 

Luc Yet he of all the refrt, I think.'best loves ye. 

Jul. His little apeakhig shows his love but small. 

Luc Fire,* that's closest kept, burns most of all. 

JuL They do not love that do not show their love. 

Luc O, they Icve least, that let men know their 

JuL I would, I knew his mind. 

Jmc Peruse this paper, madam. 

JvL ' To Julia.-^S^yjJjrom whom 7 

Imc That the contents will show. 

Jul. Say, say ; who gave it thee 7 

Luc Sir Valentine's page ; and i 
from Proteus : 
He would have given it you, but I, being in the 

Did in your name receive it ; pardon the fault, I 

Jid. Wow, by my modesty, a goodly broker !* 
Dare you presume to harbour wanton lines 7 
To whisper and conspire against my youth 7 
Now, trust me, 'tis an office of great worth. 
And you an ofncer fit for the place. 
There, take the paper, see it be retum'd ; 
Or else return no more into my sight. 

Luc To plead for love deserves more fee than 

might have gone for as much in England. They were 
aflerwards reduced to I9d., 9d., and finally, to six 

4 Parle Is talk. 

5 To ceneure, in Shakspeare*s time, generally sieni. 
fled to give one^s judrment or opinion. Thus in The 
Winter's Tale, Act. ii. 8c. 1 : 

" How blest am I 

In my Just censure/ In my true opinion ?** 

6 Fire is here pronounced as a dissyllable. 

7 A matchmaker. It was sometimes used for a pro 

sent, 1 think, 



Erne. 'flat tou ■>▼ i— ■■lii, [fMe. 

/bL JUdjreC.IwonldllMdo'OTlook'dtlMklMr. 
b w«ff« a riiuM to can her back H*?> 
And pray her to a &iiltlbr wUdildudbcr. 
What feol it die^ that knows lanaaaid. 
And would not force the tetter to my view! 
Sdco BMidfi, mmodesty. say Ae, to that 
Winch they wouki have tne p roflerer oooetmey^. 
FW, fie. how way waid ia Uue Iboliah love, 
That, ue a tetty bake, will ecratdi the norae, 
Aad preaenthr, all htunMed, kiai the rod ! 
Bow chnriiiluy I chid Locetta heace. 
When wilfinghr I wooki have had her here ! 
How angerly I tan^t nnr brow to frown. 
When inward joy enfbrcM my heart to emile ! 
My penance ii, to call Lncetiaback, 
And ttk nermiMon lor my lolly past :— 
What ho I Lneetta! 

Xmb. What wooUyoor lad vdi^? 

JmL Is it near dinner time f 

MjhOb I wocdd it were : 
That yon might kill yoor stomach* eoyoor meal. 
And not oponyour maid. 

M, Wnat »*t yon took np > 

Istf, Nothinf • 

JwL Why didrtthoa stoop then 7 

Xneu To take a paper up that J let &I1. 

JmL i^ is that paper nothing 7 

£mc Nothing concerning me. 

JUL Then let it lie (or those that it concerns. 

JJte. Madam, it will not lie where it concens, 
Unless it have a fidse interpreter. 

. JUL Some love of yours hath writ to^yon in 

Lme, Tliatlmigfatsingit, midam, to a tune: 
Give me a note : your ladyship cao set.' 

/at As fittle by such toys as may be possible; 
Best sinj; it to the tune of JUigAf o*. lo^ 

Ism, It is too heavy for so U|^t a tune. 

/at Heavy 7 belike it hath some burden then. 

Imc Ay ; and melodious were i^ woidd you 
suig it. 

JyL And why not vou7 

Im^ I cannot reach so hi^ 

JmL Let*s see your song : — ^How now, nunion 7 

Lmc Keep tune there stul, so you wiH sing it out : 
And vet, illethinks, I do not like this tune. 

JyL You do not 7 

Xiie. No, madam ; it is too sharp. 

JyL You, minion, are too saucy. 

Imc Nay, now you are too flat. 
And mar the concord with too hanh a descant :^ 
There wanteth but a mean to fill your song. 

JyL The mean is drown'd with your unnily^base. 

Zmc Indeed, I bid the base* for Proteus. 

JyL This bsbble shall not henceforth trouble me. 
Here is a coil* with protestation ! 

[TVors CAe letter. 
Oo, get you gone \ and let the papers lie : 
You would be fingering them, to anger me. 

Luc She makes it strange ; but she would be 
best pleas'd 
To be so sngerM with another letter. \Emt, 

JmI, ^tLji would I were as angerM with the same ! 
O hateful hands, to tear such loving words ! 

1 Flrat folio, ye. 

t Btomachy for passion or obstinacy. 

t Set is here uied equirocallr ; In the preceding 
spsech bi the sense in which k m used by musicians, 
and In the prewni Jioe in a quks different wnse. To 
•ef bjf in olillanruaj^ siipifles. to make sccount of, to 
sstimste. See the first Book or Ssmuei, zrlli. SO. 

4 JDesrcM/ ■ignidad former] v whst we now call vori- 
mihrtM, It bss been well defined to be musical para> 
pkrass The m^n ii the tenor in music. 

• To hid thf btu9 means, to run fast, chsHenging 
another to pumis st the rustic gsme called Bsse, or 
Prisonbsss. The alluaioii Is somewhat obscure, but it 
10 mean here, ** to challsogs lo an encounter." 
L a. bustle, sdr. 

vaaa! taftad m 
And km thahees^ that yisU it, with 
Fll kiss each aevwal paper fcr imsm 
And bote is writ--UIMM^-«ikind JifiAl 
As in l ev eng e of thy ingratituda, ^ 
I throw thy name against the brmsing 
juran^mng eanteni|iinonsiy on thy oh 
Look, here b mil ImmHmmmdtd iViCms ;<— 
Poor wounded imme I a^boeom, as abed^ 
Shall hKlge thee, tin thy wound be thoroo^^ ImsN ; 
And thus I seafch it with a sovereign loss. 
But twice, or thriccL wasProteos vrritten inomm 
Be cahn, good win^ btow net a word away. 
Till I have Ibond each letter in the letter, 
Except mine own name : that sonw vrfurlwind bear 
Unto a rugged, learfid. Banging rock. 
And throw it thence oito tM raging sea I 
Lo, here in one line is his name twice writ^— • 
7b me Moeei /v&i;— diat FU tear away ; 
And yet I will no^ aith* so prettily 
He couples it to his cnmplaming names : 
Thus will I feld them one upon another; 
^ow Idss^ embrace, contend, do what yon tnlL 

U s swly Ldcstta. 

Zmc Mfi^fipt^ 
Dinner b ready, and yoor &lher stays. 

JUL Well, let OS go. 

Xiie. WhaiL shall these papers 1m like leD-talsa 
here 7 

JmL If you req>ect them, best to take them np. 

•Luc Nay, I was taken up for hqrin^ them down: 
Yet here they shall not he, for* rstrhint oold. 

JmL I see you have a month's aund' to theok 

Lme. Ay, madam, yon may say what sSghtoyan 

I tee things too, althongbvoa jpdfp I wi 
JmL Cfome, come, wilPt please you go 7 


SCENE HL— "jTIw sosis. A Room in Antanb^ 
JToyss. JEiUer Airroiiio omH PAVTBinc. 

^AkL Tell me. Panthino. what sad* * talk was that, 
Wherewith my brother held you in the cloister 7 

Pant. Twas of hb nephew ProtecH^ your son. 

AnL Why, what of him 7 

Pant He wooder'd, that your lordship 

Would suffer him to spend hb youth at home ; 
While other men, of slender reputation. 
Put forth their sons to seek preferment out : 
Some, to the wars, to try their fortune there ; 
Some, to discover islanas far away ; 
Some, to the studious universities. 
For ai^, or for all these exercises, 
He said, that Proteus, your son, was meet ; 
And did request me, to importune you, 
To let him spend his time no home. 
Which would bo great impeachment' * to hb age. 
In having known no travel in hb youth. 

AhL Nor need'st thou much importime me to 
Whereon thb month I have been hammering. 
I have consider'd well hb loss of time ; 
And how he cannot be a perfect man. 
Not being tryM and tutored in the wond : 
Experience is by industry adiiev'd. 
And perfocted by the swift course of time : 
Then, tell me, whither were I best to send him 7 

7 Since. 

8 " /or cstching cold,*' i. e. lest they should catch 
cold, anciently a common form of ezprcosion. Sea 
Home Tooke^s explanadon of this word in the first 
volume of " The Diversions of Purley." 

9 Month^e mind, a ion^ng, pn)bably (irom ** the 
longing of women, which takes pisce (or commencsa, 
St least) in the fimt monto ofpregnancy." Thb Is the 
ingenious conjecture of John uroft, Esq. of York. Tha 
commeniatora have endeavoured to refer this psassge lo 
the month*e miivit, or perlodlcsl celebrations in me- 
mory of dead personi, usual in times of popery | bnt 
the phrsse in tnii place can have no relation to them. 

10 i. e. grave or serious. 

11 Imjaeackment In ihb passsgs msans r^proatk or 



PmC Ilhinkf tov k)rdihipisiiot ifBonnt, 
How hU companion^ Toothful Valeotiney 
AtUmdi the emperor m hit royal court. 

AnL I know it welL 

PmU, Twere food, I think^ jour lordihip sent 
him thither : 
There ihall be i^actise tilti and toomamenUi, 
Hear aweM diacoune, conrerse with noblemen ; 
And be in eye of erery exercise, 
Wordiy hia Tooth and nobleneaa of birth. 

AhL I Ufce thy counsel : well hast thou advised : 
And, that thou may'st perceiTe how well I like it, 
rhe execution of it shui make known ; 
fiTen with the speediest expedition 
I will despatch him to the emperor's court. 

PanL To»niorrow, may it please you, Don Al- 
With other ^ntfemen of sood esteem. 
Are journeying to salute me emperor, 
And to commend their sendee to his will. 

AnL Good company ; with them shall Proteus go : 
And, in good time, — now will we break with him.* 

Enter P&otxus. 

iVe. Sweet love ! sweet lines ! sweet life ! 
Here is her hand, the agent of her heart : 
Here is her oath tor lore, her honour's pawn : 
O, that our fiithers woulu applaud our lores. 
To seal our happinesa with their consents I 

heavenly Juua ! 

AfiL How now 7 what letter are you reading 

Pro, Ma/t please your lordship, *tis a word or 
Of commendations sent from Valentine^ 

eliver'd by a friend that came from him. 

AhL Lend me the letter ; let me see what news. 

Pro. There is no news, my lord ; but that he 
How happily he lives, how well belov'd 
And daily graced b;^ the emperor ; 
Wishing me with him, partner of his fortune. 

AfiL And how stand you affected to his wish 7 

Pro, As one relyinf on your lordship's will. 
And not depending on bis friendly wish. 

AnL My will is something sorted with his wish ; 
Muse' not that I thus suddenly proceed : 
For what I will, I will, and there an end. 

1 am resolv'd, that thou shalt spend some time 
With y alentinus in the emperor's court ; 
What maintenance he from his friends receives. 
Like exhibiticm' thou shalt have from me. 
To-morrow be in readiness to go: 

Excuse it not, for I am peremptory. 

Pro, My lord, I cannot be so soon provided ; 
Please you, deliberate a day or two. 

AnL Look, what thou want'st, shall be sent 
after thee : 
No more of stay j to-morrow thou must go.— 
Come on, PanUuno ; you shall be employed 
To hasten on lus expedition. 

[Extunt AifT. and Pawt. 

Pro, Thus have I shunn'd the fire, for fear of 
And drench'd me in the ses|, where I am drown'd : 
I iear'd to shew my father Julia's letter, 
Lest he should take exceptions to my love ; 
And with the vantage of mine own excuse 
Hath he excepted most against mv love. 
O, how this spring of love resembieth* 

The uncertain glory of an April dav ; 
Which now shows all the beauty of the sun, 

And by and by a cloud takes all away! 

Re-^nter Pahthiho. 

PmtL Sir Proteus, your father calls for you ; 
He u m haste, therefore, I pray you go. 

Pro, Why, this it is ! my heart accords thereto ; 
And yet a thousand times it answers, no. [ExevnL 



Milan. A Room in Om Duke's P«- 
Enter Valbhtihb and Spxjed. 

1 I. e. break the matter to him. 
S I. e. wonder noi. . . .„ . 

S Exhibition is allowance of money ; It Is still used 
fai tiM Universities ibr a stipend. 

Speed, Sir, jour glove. 

Vol. Not mine ; my gloves are on. 

Speed, Why then this may be yours, ibr this b 
but one.* 

VaL Ha! let me see: ay, give it me, it's 
mine : — 
Sweet ornament that decks a thing divine ! 
Ah Silvia! SUvia! 

Speed. Madam Silvia ! madam Silvia ! 

V(d. How now, sirrah 7 

Speed, She is not within hearing, sir. 

VaL Why, sir, who bade you cul her 7 

Speed, Your worship, sir ; or else I mistook. 

VaL Well, you'll still be too forward. 

Speed, And yet I was last chidden for being too 

VaL Oo to, sir ; tell me, do you know madam 
Silvia 7 

Speed, She that your worship loves 7 

VaL Why, how know you that I am in love 7 

Snied, Marry, by these special marks: first, 
you nave learned, like Sir Proteus^ to wreath your 
arms like a male-content : to relish a love-soog, 
l^e a rohin-red-breast ; to walk alone, like one diat 
had the pestilence ; to sigh, like a sdiool-boy that 
had lost his A, B, C ; to weep, like a young wench 
that had buried her gnmdam ; to fast, like one that 
takes diet ;* to watch, like one that wars robbing : 
to speak puling, like a beggar at Hollowmas.^ 
You were wont, when you Uugh'd, to crow like a 
cock ; when you walked, to wolk like one of the 
lions ; when you fasted, it was presently after din- 
ner ; when you looked sadly, it was for want of 
money : ana now you are metamorphosed with a 
mistress, that, when I look on you, I can hardly 
think you my master. 

Vai, Are all these things perceived in roe 7 

Speed. Ttiey are all perceived without you. 

VaL Without me 7 They cannot. 

Spttd. Without you! nay, that's cerUun, for, 
without you were so simple, none else would : but 
you are so without these follies, that these follies 
are within jou, and shine througn you like the wa^ 
ter in an unnal ; that not an eye, that sees you, but 
is a physician to comment on your malady. 

VaL But, tell me, dost thou know my lady 

Speed. She that you gaze on so, as she aits at 

raL Hast thou observed that 7 even she I mean. 

Speed, Why. sir, I know her not. 

VaL Dost thou know her by my gazing on her, 
and yet know'st her not 7 

Speed. Is she not hard-favour'd, sir 7 
VaL Not so fau-, boy, as well favour'd. 

Speed. Sir, I know that well enough. 
VaL What dost thou know 7 

Spnd. That she is not so fair, as (of you) weU- 

VaL I mean, that her beauty is. exquisite, but 
her favour infinite. 

Speed, That's because the one is painted, and 
the other out of all count. 

VaL How painted? and how out of count? 
Speed, Marry, sir, so painted to make her fiuTy 
that no man counts of her oeauty. 

4 Reambleth is pronounced as if written reeembeUthf 
which makes It a quadrisyllable. 

5 On and one were auclently pronounced alike, and 
frequently written so. 

6 To take diet Is to be under a regimen for a disease. 

7 The feast of All-hallows, or All Saints, at which 
time the poor In Staffordshire go from parish to parish 
o eoulingt as they call h ; i. e. Begging andpuHru;, (or 
singing small, ss Bailey*s Dictionary explains ptaing,} 
fbr soul cakes, and singing what they call the soulsf*a 
song. These terms point out the condmon ofthis benevo 
lence, which was, that the besgars should pray lor tHs 
souls of the giver's depaitad frwods 


FflC Hbweile«ai*fCtfM««e7 I aceoont of her 
9pi§i, Too nefwr ww her macm Am was de- 

aa. And, 

VtL How lonf hmth the been defem'd? 
Smed, Ever ehice yo* loved her. 
F«. I have hwed her ever eiiioe I eaw her : end 
nail I eee her beaudfoL 
Apetd. If To« love her, vo« caanoC eee her. 

Spead, Becmme kve u blind. O, that voa had 
■une eye* ; or jomt awn ejree had the Uf Dte they 
were wont to ntve, wh«i you chid at Sir Proteuf 
Ibr going migartered!' 

VaL What should I eee then 7 

SpeedL Toor own preeeot folly, and her paaainf 
defonnity : Ibr he, beiaf in lote^ cooM not aee to 
garter hw bote : and you, being ui love, cannotaee 
to pot on yoor hoee. 

VmL Behfce, bov, then yon are in love ; (or last 
BMmnng you ooola not see to wipe my shoes. 

SptmL Tme, air ; I was b love with ray bed : I 
than yoo, yon swinged me ibr my lov^ which 
makes me the boldw to chide you ibr yours. 

VmL la cosKhision, I stand affected to h«r. 

Smtd, J would you were set,* so, your affection 

VaL Last night she enjoined bm to write some 
les to one she loves. 
Spmd. And have you? 
VaL I have. 

Apssd. Are thev not lamely writ? 
VaL No, boy, nut as well as I can do them:— 
Peace, here she 

JEblir Silvia. 

Smed. O excellent motion !* O exceeding pup- 
net f now will he interpret to her. 

VaL Madam and mistress, a thousand good- 

8p§ed, O, '^ve you good even ! h«re's a million 
cfnwnners. [Adie, 

8iL Sir Valentine and servant, to yon two thou- 

Speed, He should ^e her interest ; and she 
gives it him. 

VaL As you enjoin'd me, I have writ your letter, 
Unto the secret namelens fnend of yours j 
Which I was much unwilling to proceed m. 
But ibr mv duty to your ladyship. 
^ SU, I Uiank you, gentle servant: 'tis rery 
clerkly* done. 

VaL Now trust me, madam, it came hardly off; 
For, being ignorant to whom it goes, 
I writ at random, very doubtfulfy. 

SiL Perchance you think too much of so much 

Fed. No, madam, so it stead you^ I will write. 
Please you command, a thousand umes as mucii : 
And yot, — 

SiL A pretty period ! Well, I guess the sequel ; 
And yet 1 will not name it:— and yet I care not ;i^ 
And yet take this again ;— «nd yet I ih^gik you ; 
Meaning henceforth to troub1l^yoil'n& hlore. 

5peea. And yet you will ; and yet another yet. 


Vol, What means your ladyship? do you not 
like it? 

SiL Tes, yes { the lines are very quaintly writ : 
But since unwillmgly, take them agam ; 
Nay^ take them. 

roL Madam, they are for you. 

SiL Av, ay ; you writ them, sir, at my request ; 
But I wiU none of them ; they are for you : 
I would have had them writ more movmgly. 

VaL Please you, PU write your ladyship another. 

1 Going unffuiered is enuroeraied by Romlind as one 
•r the undoubted marks of kire. *^ Then your hoM 
shouki be finrarfered, your bonnet unhanded," kc As 
You Like I^ lit. 9. 

3 Set, for mated, In oppoahkm to atand in the prece- 
ding line. It appeara. howev«r, to be u»ed meunhorical- 
ly In the series spplisd to ths sun whan It sinks betow 

ithi wnty ftv wty mkm naA it 

And, if it please yoo, so: if not. why. aoi. 
VaL If UpleHe me,madam! whal tfaonT 

And so 

Atf. Why if it please yoo, tabs it Ibr mr 

Kxl-moffTow, servant. .[£mi SiXiViil 

-^jn>mm. O jest t m s e s n y inwnilahU^ lavisiWei, 
As a nose on a man's iaoe, or a wsatharoodk sma 

steeple I 
My master sues to hsr ; awl she hath tan^ hm 

He being her popilf to beoooM her tutor. - 
O excellent deriee! wasthweeverlisaidahottsrf 
That my master, being scribe, to himssif ahoril 
write the letter? 

VaL How now, sir? what are joaroaaoi^Bg with 

Speed. Nay, I was riiymmg; 'tis you that haw 
the reason. 

VaL To do what? 

Speed. To be a spokesman Irooi madam SMi. 

VaL To whom? 

Speed. To yourself: why, she wooa yon by a 

VaL Whatiigure? 

Speed. By a Tetter, I riiould say. 

VaU Why. she hath not writ to bm ? 

Speed. What need she, wh«i she hath madayaa 
write to yourself? Why, da yon not peicoiva tha 

VaL No, believe me. 

Speed. Mo believing you indeed, mr: Bat did 
jTOU perceive her earnest*? 

VaL She gave me none^ except an angiy war 

Speed. Why, she hath given yoa a letter. 

VaL That's the letter 1 writ to her friend. 

Speed. And that letter hath she dalivsr'd, and 
there an end.* 

VaL I would, it were no worse. 

Speed. PU warrant you, 'tis as well : 
fhr ofieH have j^au wrU ieher; amd ska, in 

Or dee far looat ^idls lisir, tmdd mtt snsMi ry^ ; 
Offearmt elee eome weisrugw , thai m(ig« hat mmd 

Htxedf hath taught her lave himae^ta wriie umie km 

All this I speak in print ;* for in print I found it 
Why rouse yt>u, sir 7 'tis dinner-time. 

VaL I have dined. 

Speed. Ay, but hearken, sir: though the 
leon Love can ieed on the air, I am one ihat am 
nourished by my victuals, and would fain hare 
meat : O, be not like your mistress ; be moved, be 
moved. [jE!ssaal. 

SCENE n. Verona. A Ream in Julia's Blaum 
Enter Proteits and Julia. 

Pro. Have patience^ gentle Julia. 

JvL I must, where is no remedv. 

Pro, When possibly I can, I will return. 

JuL If you turn not, you will return the sooner : 
Keep this remembrance for thy Julia's rake. 

[Criving a rtng. 

Pro, Why then we*ll make exchange ; here, tako 
yoii this. 

JuL And seal the bargain with a holy kiss. 

Pro. Here is my hand for my true constancy ; 
And when that hour o^er-slips me in the day. 
Wherein I aigh not, Julia, tor thy sake. 
The next ensuing hour some foul mischance 
Torment me for my love's forgetfuUiess ! 
My father stays my coming : answer not : 
The Ude is now : nay, not thy tide of tears ; 
That tide will stay me longer than I should : 

[Exit Julia. 

the horizon in the west. It ia a miaerable quibble hardly 
worth explanation. 

8 Motion aignifled, in Shakf peare*s time, a petppet' 
ahote Speed meana to say, what a fine puppet-an'tw 
shall we have now ? Here la the principal puppet m 
whom my moater will be the interpreter. The ahow- 
man was then Trequently called the interpreter. 

4 i. e. like a acholar. 

6 There*8 the conclusion. 1. e. with STacmsai 


JaSk, bnnell — Whil ! | 
Aj, CO Inw lom ihoold do 
For Uinh baih belter deed 

/"ML Sir FnUiu, tdq it 
Pra. do; leocna, I comi . 
Alu 1 dii* puling nrikai poor loren dumh. 

SCENE TO.— 71k mm. ^ «Mii. EMff 

Zion. NaT, 'tvilt ba (bn boor er« I bkie dm. 
'iiipiug; ill lbs kind' of the Liuncei hiTS Ihi. 
verj &iul ; I haTa received njr proportion, lih^ th' 
prodi^Due eoii, uid un going with Sir Prolcui t.. 
the Imperial^! court. I uitnk. Crab laj dog bo Ih. 

■7 ftJltei wailing, m; lixiR erring, our mud howl - 

B^ nor ai wrini^ing hn hudi, and all our hoiu. 

M * pval parplnm;, nt did not ibii cniel-lisane.l 

cur ihwl ona tnr : be ia a atone, a very pebbl, 

•Ww, tad baa no more biIt b him ihan a das: 3 , .,..,. 

J«« would ha** »«pt to ha» aaen our parSng ; '^■f- *^>" ' 

wliy, m/ pWHUm harinc no ejaa, look jou, wop i ""^'"l. . 

bMwir Hind at nn parting. Nay, I'll ahow rou ihr I ,. ^™- ^^ 

MBaerofii: Th^aboS ia mf &[har :— ^ thi^ '^^ >'" "> *'' 

lafl ihoe ta mj blher^—no, iu>,lhia left aboo tam^ 

B 10, it ia as; il bath the wcmer aale : Thia ihoe, 
with the bole in il, u uit mDIhHj uid iHa mj &. 
tiler ; A Tengeaace an\ I there 'tia ; now, air, (hif 
Btaffii BT dater; lor, look joo, aho ia aa irhita a« 
a hlr, and u amall ai ■ wuiti : thia hU ia Nan, onr 
and ; I am Ibe dog ;— no, the dog ia hinueir, and 1 1 
« tb* dog ;— oh, Ihe dog i> De, and t un raneir; ' 
Aj, aOL ao. Now cams I Is my fuhor ; J%lVr, 
jaw- bioBKg ; now ahould not tba afaiiii ijieiik a 
word Tor weeping ; now ahoold I kiu my blher ; 
well he weepe on ; — now cotno 1 to my mother, 
(0, thu (ho could apeak Boo I) like a wood' so. 
man ; — well, I ki*a ber ; — why Ihare 'tia ; bare't 
aqp mudHi'a btsalh ' ' 

i Senant, you are aad.' 
-' •~'~ed,ma<lam,I.- — 
m you that you 

Faf. AT,boj,it'«fcrkm, 

Spud. Hot of you. 

Vid.Ofmj imitreta Ihen. 

Spud. Twers good you knockni bin 

8iL Serw ' " 

Vol. Indee. 

Kat HapM-Idft" 

7^11. 60 ao oounlerfeiLa. 

CaL So do you. 

TItu. What leem I, that I am not T 

Vol Wiae. 

Thi. What inalUKO oTlhe cooMitT 

" ■ -our folly. 

k Ihe m 

VaL Well, then, TU double yow Mr. 
Tim. How? ' ' 

SiL Whil, angry, Bir Tfaurio ? do you change 

Tku. Ay, air, and done 

roj; I Chow it well, .i 
you begin. ^ 

SiL A lina ToUey of wordi, gentlemen, and 
quickly ihot oft 

VaL 'Ta indeed, madam ; we thank Ihe giver. 

SiL WfaDi>>tl..1,>ervuitJ 

VaL Yourseir, sweet lady ; for you gave the fire : 
Sir Thurio borrowa hia wit from your ladyahip'a 
jD<Aa, and apcnda what ha borrowa, kindly in your 

Tliii. Sir, if you apend word lor word with me, 
1 ah all make your wit bankrupt. 

' live by youF bare wordi 

by theu bare liieiiea. 

EnUr Ddre. 

ughter ftlvia, jwu are hard beie' 
r father'! in good health; 

dog all ihia while aheda not , _ 

wwd ; but aee how 1 lay the duit with my lean. 

J^Ti. Launce, Bwiy, away, aboard ; thy maater Dula, Nt 
la ahipped, and Ihou arl lo poet after with oara. ■ sir Valentin 

Whal'a .he matter? why wcepert Ihou, mu,? What aay y™io a letter from"your fHotri. 
Away, aaa; you will loae the tide, if you tarry any Of much giod new ? 

L. S™"- J'i" " "?"!' ''**" *^^ ""' ^fJ '" " To any bappy moaenger from Ihence. 
^ 5!.'"^!?'^* 7 ■• "*" "" ^7 ,"" •? '^ i*^ KiSiyouDoiAnt 

Pan. Wliu'athe unkinden tide ? y^ jj. ' 

t««. Why, he *.t'i ly'd here ; Crab, my dog. f-^ ^ of worth, 

Pmi. Tnt, man, I mean Ihou'll loie the flood; i„i „„, »iihoui 
— ' -- '-ling the flood, loso tliy voyage ; and, -- ' - - 
,.__ .\ . „^^ jn ]o,i 

n losing thy a, 
Iiee,— Why doit thou slop my m<iuth ^ 
Lmn. For fear thou ahoutd^it loaa thy tongne. 
P<M. WTicre ahould 1 toae my tongue ? 
limit. Id Ihy Ule. 
Pm. In thy uill 
ZoiDi. Lose the tWe, and the voyB<e, and Ihe OmiiUne [he i>ieel benefit of lime 

2!If^ ,^.^', ™ ?.4 Al^ Sj.lrfiiri'i'^J'i; i '^•' ='"'*' "^'^ '«' "''*■ "-"("'-li^' 

_j — ,.- , — ._ , maae uie and (iiir advaniaaoof hiadaya 

boat with my aiilii. iv.. „.._ k,,. k... iS -..-i. 

P«. Com, 

kaiag ihy voyage 

VaL Ay, my good lord; \ Bon, thai ' 

re^d of such a father. 

jmaamyielf; forfrom our 
s'd, end spent otirhourati 

The honour 
JhAt. Yo< 
FoL Ikni 

L Well, ! w 
SCBNE IV.— Milan." A Kiwm i 
IWn. dUo- Valbntihe, B11.1 

PaL MialreaH? 
SptBL Maater, Sr Thuri 
^ IC:7\d, li kindred. 1 

in a word, (for far beliina hii worth 
I all Ihe praiiei that I now beitow,) 
complete in feature,* and in mind, 
n qwjtf 11 10 mark, to ctMCTve, the old pronunci' 
•u endenily alt from Ihe french DritfiTat. 

idcn, or Ike ^irnponloq and tiptre oT Iha wliola 
Cnnfbrmallo qoAdam et flnra tmlqa ofla 1^ for 
• So In Ant. ant Cleop. Act. IL Sc «. 
« Rrpon ihe/eafwe of Oetavtan." 
Tlma alao Speiii-nr : 
" WUch t£a lUr/eUH* ol bar Baba ^ h^o.- 

UMB. waxcmm i^ 

X>4MA. Jboirvi*' B«^. kr, bu'., J* tit BBifci Luu -& 

lie « b« wvfiiii liif iiL ■f n inr w y' t<w«., 
Af «uui*' iv !«■ till mii^rrv^'t cinniMiliur. 
M'ttI , M? (fii» pteir.rtrma. » ':uiiit- U- in*. 

Au< !*«.-• la* OHniia ic ■p'KC tiu :iiiM L vuiif : 
J liuiir. 'itr iM. iiiiw*ri>.uiii*. ii*n^ It' « 'HL 

^'o.. hii'jUtC J lifM w mi''c h 'uiiir. r. :mc WfOi \\» . 

//MM . M •-•'.•JIM. liUL tliVL b'Jt. IX'LlIjf lb IlU 

felt VI. , f k|#i it#. iv «ut : UfC t-h:. Br T^«ri& r-^ 

l^ur VhM-u'.iu*, I !!«:«< fj'r 'fri**** fufL i'> r : 

I'L ^"ifC •iiH. iii'ji»if vt, ji'jt jrw*ii*-_v. [Kf-i Dnt- 

FW. 'i'fu* w tur f*ii'i*iiifciu J t'j.: yjur ^adrsiuu. 
ff«C 'AMi^ k^'/i<f wi'-i; ui», bvT ifit.*. I J* nu<ms 
/^•C u'j^ itir i-tt> «'^;ft'o Mi ii%T TticjJ r^'jiiK. 

i^*' H'-''*-* , 't(H* !**/« wiir tik'.t. vidruj'. Lu'c iLm 
1,'^vti »'ftii« v.:**T ^««(i P^ iu;!'i. 

KW. ^c*, »uf*, I ttiiti*., ^4t !ivi<lf tii*"iii ;fri«iucn T«^ »«-: iirr W a pnurniaiiTt.* 

«'j... S:'«t='«':^ ici m1: Ujc rrrtriTcf CB tbc taeitL 

MfJ t^m^f 'it*-!! Le aijMi'C li« L'inc ; a&c, bt*uif 
4# ii<4f 
|(^/i» •zt^tA ii» M* hiw mar t'« M^'-k c(Ul TCfU ? 

I'W 1^"''V, i»^», ••/*• rfc,tf. T-«i*-irv puif of rT««. 

yw. '/>■* r akv, *f •■' iv«* la'J. b^ fcL fri<- a*, al. 

I'W. 'I'/ *** ■■'i*'*» i<n«-f*, 7>rjno. as Tvurst:/; 

O. r^ntif FrmriK. 'irmr\ a Adnr 

Auc lian. M- bunitMf^ nc aa,f ooa 

Titvrt » III- miif * u- hv f irrprtjc 

Ncr. u &» PcrviTf^ lu nacti ji^ ^i narft! 

Ni'V. Ill dijirinrw^ rzrrii: r be of Imv. 

TCnv nu. ] iireaa w} iutL, onifc, an^ and devp^ 

Uirm. lift vtrr ta^**c mnm v£ inrt. 

.P-L. Exmuiipi: : I rrac vnnrfaraBr m joor cje ~ 
Wa» tiib' 4IM iQiL uia: rem waramp vo ?' 

!'■•. £ vvsi axM^ : aac'if anr am a lnja i m i ^ »■! T 

Pnt. Ni> : bic atir'f an eanii.^ jmxmpmm 

I'ml. Call her oirnu 

JPnu I viL HOC ftiUer hrt. 

I'ou O. flarrr mc : ibr invt ds^iffaig m |rT~arff, 

/*n<. Wimt I was nek, Tiic ^re ne hnier piEa ; 
Axir ] miMi iniiuii:fT tiH jkf it- rm. 

I'mL TiKS rjwaa liit 'jttj. in-'ber: ifi 

I'clL Sucru f.&rt-ti: ntA a^y, 
Eif-»*:<l Uiuo «-;l: <xrrp« afmart ifar love, 
/'ni. Hatf- I n-^ navnn i« p e fr r suite 
I'aL And J «-i:. iirip ihre h< prrlf. Ser tod: 
Siitr flball br difCiS:^ vith ibw li.^ bujotir,— 
j To bear iet laar'f trajB ; \n(i tbe bajse ranb 


A'ntrr PrvTa't. Sbuuki from bcr rtf^icr cbann u* nral a 

A/. J ij ^ 1 ^ .1 And, of so rrrat a xtrour ctc^juc prood. 

j<^» 1 ^ ,1 -r ^'o^ Par4cia me, Pixitrtv: ail f can. ia BoUunff 

A i 14 .i .-r^ . . . To tiff , Tbof« « unh loLkcf otbcr woRhies Botkinc : 

,„^ "" j r.1. No. tm tb. - orid :»!«,»»,*.■■« 

at ht ^ _ . . , ^ . *° '' And I aa nch in hai-iof roch a jewel, 

/'^v. /«•/• c^j. •Mv'rt .vSv: but t/A mean a mt- ; .. .«.^„.^ ..^. u- -'^^ J ^ j 

' • * ■ Af twentr seas, n a^ inezr ftand irere peari. 

I^W- Mi»'f« r», #t l« ; »ii«>»1 I*dv, ••Ut 
lii . *$ »»•! v*^ « frjidif. M (;ir %'t uxi^k a 

'!'•# Ii«v*. H U^jlf *A r*M:it a w/rttfvnu^trcra. 

^'<«y l«'ari 'At 'Uwy/'iih*. 'if <JlfeUL>ilitt :— 
biir«.4.i I. ■'■;^ f I Kfirijii f.:rij for \'/*jr b^naut. 

hit. hti/l u'i*f III v<-r /ct <j^ wurit hi* ri< ed : 

/'/«/ f .. 4'j< '^1 Ijiw tii«.* tara v, but >'/!jrM.i£ 
hlf '/».M» V'/J »»*•- *»• I"/»/l' t 

I Tfie water uedar. and the rocks pore goid. 
' F-iirpTe me. xhal I d.-* noi dream od ibee, 
' B^raufe thwi serrt mc' dore upon my lore. 
I -Mr f'.K-'ish nvai, ;hn lier ft-btr iiic-'s, 
I Oxi.r f>r his po£S'Cs^l;•ns are so huec, 
U gr,r.« »ifi h'T aJ.T.; : irjd I maVl, 
For lov*'. ihou kn-iw's:, i* fall t*f lealausT. 

Pn». Bui she jove? to»i ? 

^., ; Oi*i J..U ar^ worile.i. v- v"i. •^■■* "*** '"'' *" betrothM ; 

' ' . ->ay, mor^, our mamaft- nour, 

A'aXtt h-rva/i*. Wnh a'.l Tht cunning nj&nner i^our fiicht, 

At#. M4^<1*#«, M*jr l'^«J your laOi'T i»wW »|#^ai D'-ttmnt'd of: how I nmst climb horwiodow ; 

vittU yi^t. ^^^^. ]aditr ini^le of cori? : and all the means 

AU Ml Mr Mil oy'Ht (.i» i,U.*.fjr-. [Erit S'-n-ant. PioTttd ; ?nd 'pretd on. K»r mT happiotf^it. 

C'^nt^Tf t^ir Thuno, Gvid Protf -j*, go with me to mv chamber, 
I in urjij. iiii. :- ■'liiir If,',*.-, ri*:w K'-nuit, Htlcomi-: In ih*-*'.- tffairs 10 aid me with liv counsel 
J fl Uukt. yi,u u, i>,uUt *A U'Mut^ a«fair« ; | /»ro. Go on bt-fore ; I s-Lall inquire vou forth: 

Win li vmi lirtvt. d>«i.< , %*t Iv/k <o li«-ar ffjm vou. ■ I murt unto the rosd,* to disembark * 
/'/«, W.;'ll iiifiJ. nU^iiH U|.'»ri yo-ir \-^\yh\i\\i. fynae nccesuries iJjat I ne«ds must use; 

{hlttisul hiLi-iA, Tiiriifo, «»u/ Kpked. 'And then HI presentlv attend vuu. 
I^ii/. Ni#i*, u ll iij«:, ill/Mr do iJi lir'yin whfrhce you j J'o/. Will vou make haste ?' 

«^«h;/ I Pro. I Willi— ri:«/VAL. 

P/(i. Vifiir (1)1 iiil* Mr« w< II, and hare tliem much j Even as one heat anoihcr heat expels, 

1 111111111 ■iiil<;d. Or as one nail bv strength drives out another. 

Vul. And li'iw do v'/iifs ? I So the remembrance ofmv f >rmer love 

l*iu. I \bU tJ.' Ill all III hrajih. I U bv a newer object quite' forp^tten. 

Vul. Jl'iw diii. >.iur l«/Jy ? and how thrives your Is it her mien, or Vahntinus' praise. 

Her tnic perfection, or my false trans^, 

lov 1 

I'm, My lal"* «if l'*v»i ynfff. y/mtiX \f» weary you ; 
I know y»Hi j'ly iiol 111 a lov«'-diM:</ijrH#'. 

Vid. Ay, J'r<#ifij», liul Uiat lifr » altered now: 
I huvi- ilmii: pfiiiiii'f fi;f r.finf ''mninp lov« ; 
Wlio:if lii('li iiiipt rioMit' ih'HightM have puniiih'd me 
With hiilir lunfa, wnh |H-iiii'-:nfial «r«>afiH, 
Wiih liiffhily t«.-ttri<, and daily h<:art-fiore sighs ; 
Kor, in rt trrn|/i: of my ronNinipt of love, 

That makes me, reasonlcivs, to reason ihiui ,* 
{«he*8 fair ; and so is Julia, thai I love ;— 
That I did love, for now my love is lh,:iw*d; 
Wliich, like a waxen ima^^e, *cainst a tire,* 
Bears no impression of the thing it wait. 
Methinks, my zeal to Valentine is cold ; 

I A {H.'iiy iii'rfli: lif biijuruii'in e(|uivaJ<;nt to illbitidft 
-i Citt. \\,t ini iiK. 
S a Unpnitit. Thim hi HnmlfH : 

** itHptrikiu CiMMT dsad aud lurn'd to clay ** 

4 No troe, no niwry that can he coniivirtsl to the 
piiniifhmonl inllictetl by love. 

6 A pn'ncinalitjf is an ancrl of tkf /.> tt onirr 
G I. #*. the havtn when* ihe shii^ he at ;uirhi»r. 

7 Aliudinc to the figures made by witL-hc-di nt repr#. 
sentaiivcs or those they meant to desirvtv or iiMnuMit. I* 
iracfre<*,Actii 8c 3 

8cmim TO. 


And that I lore him not, as 1 wia wont: 

O ! bat I lore hii ladj, too, too much ; 

And that^fl the reason I love him lo little. 

How shall I dote on her with more advice, < 

That thus without advice begin to love her 7 

Tis but her picture* I have yet beheld. 

And that hath dazzled' my reason's light ; 

Bat when I lode on her perfections, 

Tliere is no reason but I shall be blind. 

Iff can check my erring love, I will ; 

If not, to compass her rll use my skill. [Emt. 

SCENE Y.—The some A StneL Enter Speed 

and Laujice. 

Speed, Launce! by mine honesty, welcome to 

Laun, Forswear not thjrself, sweet youth ; for I 
am not welcome. I reckon this always — that a 
man is never undone, till he be hanged ; nor never 
welcome to a place, tUl some certam shot be paid, 
and the hostess say, welcome. 

Speed, Come oo, you mad-cap, I'll to tho ale- 
noose with you presently ; where, for one shot of 
nve pence thou sbalt have five thousand welcomes. 
But, sirrah, how did thy master part with madam 

Ldtun. Marry, after they closed in earnest, they 
I>arted venr fairly in iest. 

Speed, But bIulII sne marry him ? 

Jjotot, No. 

Spud, How then ? shall he many her 7 

Jjouh, Vo. neither. 

Speed, Wnat, are they brc^en 7 

Laun. No, they are both as whole as a fish. 

Speed, Why then, how stands the matter with 

Laun. Marry, thus : when it stands well with 
Dim. it stands well witn her. 

Speed, What an ass art thou ! 1 Understand thee 

Laun. What a block art thou, that thou canst not 7 
My staff understands me. 

Speed, What thou say'st 7 

Laun, Ay, and what I do too : look thee FU but 
lean, and my staff understands me. 

Speed, It stands under thee, indeed. 

Ijoun, Why, stand under and understand is all 

Speed, But tell me true, will't be a match ? 

Laun, Ask my dog: if ne say, ay, it will ; if he 
■ay, no, it will ; if he shake his taiJ, and say nothing, 
it will. 

Speed, The conclusion is then, that it will. 

Laun, Thou shalt never get such a secret from 
me, but by a parable. 

Speed. 'Tis well that I get it so. But, Launce, 
how say'st thou,* that my master is become a no- 
table lover 7 

Leatn. I never knew him otherwise. 

Speed, Than how 7 

Juain, A notable lubber, as thou reportest him 
to be. 

Speed, Why, thou whoreson ass, thou mistakest 

Laun, Why, ibol, I meant not thee; I meant 
thy master. 

Speed. I tell thee, my master is become a hot 

Laun. Why, I tell thee, I care not though he 
burn himself in love. If thou wilt go with me to 
the ale-house, so; if not, thou art a Hebrew, a 
Jew, and not worth the name of a Christian. 

Speed. Why 7 

Laun. Because thou hast not so much cha rity i n 
thee, as to go to the ale with a Christian. Wilt 
thou go 7 

Sj^ed. At thy service. [Exeunt. 

1 I. e. on further knowledge, od better consideration. 

3 Proteus means to say, that as yet he had only 
seen outward form, without bavins known her long 
eooucii to have any acqimintance with her mind. 

S uaxxled is used as a uisyliable. 

4 I. e. what say*st thou lo this circumstance. 

SCENE Yl.—TIm tame. An Apartment fn ike 
Pakux, Enter Proteus. 

Pro, To leave my Julia, shall I be forsworn ; 
To love fair Silvia, shall I be forsworn ; 
To wrong my friend, I shall be much forsworn ; 
And even that power, which gave me first my oath« 
Provokes mo to this threefold pegury. 
Love bade me swear, and love bids me forswear : 

sweet sugffesting^ love, if thou hast sinu'dy 
Teach me, thy tempted subject, to excuse it. 
At first I did adore a twinkling star. 

But now I worship a celestial sun. 
Unheedfiil vows may hcedfuHy be broken : 
And he wants wit, that wants resolved will 
To learn his wit to exchange the bad for better.— 
Fie, fie, unrcvercnd tongue ! to call her bad, 
Whose sovereignty so oft thou hast preferr'd 
With twenty thousand soul-confirming oaths. 

1 cannot leave to love, and yet I do ; 

But there I Leave to love, where I should love. 

Julia I lose, and Valentine I lose : 

If I keep them, I needs must lose myself; 

If I lose them, thus find I by their loss. 

For Valentine, myself; ibr Julia, Silvia. 

I to myself am dearer than a friend ; 

For love is still most precious in itself: 

And Silvia^ witness heaven, that made her (air ' 

Shews Julia but a swarthy Ethiope. 

I will forget that Julia is alive. 

RemcmbVing that my love to ner is dead ; 

And Valentine FU hold an enemy. 

Aiming at Silvia as a sweeter friend. 

I cannot now prove constant to myself, 

Without some treachery used to Valentine :— 

This night, he mcaneth with a corded ladder 

To climo celestial Silvia's chamber-window ; 

Myself in counsel, his competitor :* 

Now presently Fll give her father notice 

Of their disguising, and pretended' flight ; 

Who all enrag'd^ will banish Valentine : 

For Thurio, he mtcnds, shall wed his daughter: 

But, Valentine being gone, Fll auickly cross. 

By some sly trick, blunt Thurio^s dufl proceecUng. 

Love, lend me wings to make my purpose swifl. 

As thou hast lent me wit to plot this drifl ! \EmL 


Verona. A Room in Julia's Houee, Enter Jvlia 
and LucETTA. 

JuL Counsel, Lucetta ; gentle girl, assist me ! 
And, e'en in kind love, I do conjure thee', — 
Who art the table wherein all my thoughts 
Are visibly character'd and engrav'd, — 
To lesson me ; and tell me some good mean. 
How, with my honour, I may undertake 
A journey to my loving Proteus. 

lAic. Alas ! the way b wearisome and long. 

Jul. A true-devotea pilgrim is not weary 
To measure kingdoms with his feeble steps ; 
Much less shall she, that hath love's wings to fly ; 
And when the flight is made to one so dear, 
Of such divine perfection, as Sir Proteus. 

Lue, Better forbear, till Proteus make return. 

JuL O, know'st thou not, his looks are my 
soul's food 7 
Pity the dearth that I have pined in^ 
By longing for that food so long a tune. 
Didst tbou but know the inly touch of love. 
Thou would'st as soon go kindle fire with snow, 
As seek to quench the nre of love with words. 

5 To suggtaty in the language of our aucestora, was 
to tempt. 

6 i. e. myself who am his competitor or nro/, being 
admiued to his counseL Competitor here means con* 
federate, assistant, partner. Thus in Am. Cleon. Act v. 
Sc 1. 

That thou my brother, my competitor 
In top of all design, my mate in empire, 
Friend and companion hi the front of war. 

7 I. e. proooeed or intended flight Tho vert* pre, 
tendre has the same signification in Frencii. 

8 The verb to conjure, or earnestly request, was then 
accented on the first syllable. 


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l|t» l'i»» «i»i/«-r« , lin th/f'iyK'i iriirria' .h'*- ; , fV,^ li,v«; of yi^'j, lift hale un'o rry tri* m?. 

Ill* ii-firr, |i>ir' rii« •■' h','» r» •«-ii' f.' .f« fi.' f ' >.r' ; ■ 11;^*'. f:j:i»:i iii< p-ib jiii'-r i.»l'lii« jiftt ;jcv*. 
Ill- Jii n»i N ■ f ir froi/i f»--r/l, ii • h« *■»■ n ff'/ffi •■;irJ.. 1 itukt. T'jKin miri" honour, he -i..i .". ncvtr kooK" 

/,!». I*f»^ *.' '■ «i, h« j/fi.-; p'», *.!»' ii ;.'j i ' 'f.-.'ir Xj.;i'. I ? :i J :t.v '.:;:Kt fr«.»tn rK'-r ''•r. r!.i>. 

••• »'iiri • /Vv. Aij«"i, r.'iv Ir.rd j Sir Va • n:i:.f i« cominr' 

/■•/ rj'rw, 'I. ili'iii l<fV*M* r<i'-, fl'/ htrri !•'/ th:!( ' \Exii 

Enter ValEXTI^C 

Dulf, Sir Va'.^is'.ine, t^hithcr awiv s.> fast ? 
Ta/. Pii u.-e it your pracir lhert» ts ;\ in: s<enfrer 

_! <l '-//J' .'li- ul" lli'.»«;:i:l*" ij M "i .V :.^ \Nnrl 

f '.Vl... .1 -.1 li' 'r«i 111- ijf|ii.iM.'-«l V ii}( iliari, ;. j .••'.t;,.r.-, Thi t-\i !**tm* «•» '"y 'i ' ■' ■■^" ■ >.I'i -iblr, 

I,, .,,,,..,. !. I., iiii ... »i #>.'//#.#", u,.iv...,,..j:' " l;-*;- I 'fi"M.ii w nn- iiii u-eiJ t'* J«ui-i» c-'- 'T- M-nhnK' 

. J...', J.I I I. .r, •".■!i-. ' "'i.. 'II . (i-.(. iii:i\ •.:i.«i!..l Mi iii-l.Mire 1 1' '»•/.«' '" ':'■•: : r •■■• irj^.nity 

till. ,., ii .,.11 .|.'.*i, 1.- J.. III. '.I '#... !■■ • il. ffi.iii L-ipl L«'ii^'lale'«« Mc'iuoini. wrMii ■ •■. j-yvJ. 

„ t ■ . II If. 1,-1*1- i»ii»l*ii!"i.ii'«- y..;j.. .r r, Uy htr longine Jwntfy, Julm i:.idv.;i a journey 

; . .,. 1 .., .... II (i ii.iiiily L'4vti iiifhi: i«» Hily >.l iJk- whirh Hh»- fJi-iH i»«.''^ I»i loncine. 

I p. ill ..•!.. yn. Ill- ..1.1/ I rj,.- It.r.gursM. In Romw amlJu.i^i wo hive— 

! ii , . I r 1.1.. I .wiiriiii,i,i..i if-. " I aim'd no near when I «ip|*H«>l y.u |,.v\J.m 

.: V'l ■ .. M II . I. .1.1 . " Hi iiiliiiiii' I'i ji.if," M;i- H i. e. ii>inpled. \kle ftoie on .Ui a. Sc. i, p. 136. 
« . . I • . I il 1./ Ihr itiiimtu Hi lu\c, bfiuiiiuhu 9 i. c. c(r«/£-/i. 


I 't lii 'It il li'ii-i 'i|iiMi'iri 'ffLi*: Ir.jih | 
iliiiy ill •• f /• III/ i'l/' , h/ l>vifit^ hirfi ; 

t /<.! II I'll /Il illiT, h I |l [F-il /-I". 

I t . 1 1.. ■■ I a 'I i"ij-.i 


Tbmt itajri 'j* betr my teciOT^ to my friendi, 
And I am loing to deuTer thorn. 

XMbe. Be they of much import? 

VaL Tlic tenor of them doth but nfpufy 
My health, «nd happy being at your court. 

Ddbe. Nmv> then no matter; stay with me a 
I am to break with thee of some affairs, 
That touch me near, wherein thoa must be secret. 
>Tb not onknown to thee^that I have sought 
To match my friend, 1^ Thurifv, to my daughter. 

VaL I know it well, my lord; and, sure, the 
Were rich and hcmourable ; besides, the gentleman 
Is full of virtue, bounty, worth, and oualities 
Beseeming such a wiM as your fair oau^ter : 
Cannot your grace win her to fiincy him ? 

Jhik§, No, trust me ; she is peoTiah, sullen, fro- 
Proud, disobeoient, stubborn, lackinc duty; 
Neither regarding that she is my chud. 
Nor fearing me as if I were her fiither : « 
And, may 1 say to thee, this pride of hers. 
Upon advice, bath drawn my love from her ; 
And where* I thought the remnant of mine age 
Should have been ^erish*d by her childlike mity, 
I now am full resolv'd to take a wife, 
And turn her out to who will take her in : 
Then let her beauty be her wedding-dower ; 
For me and my ponessions she esteems not. 

VaL What would your grace have me to do in 
this? ^ 

Duke, There is a lady^ sir^ in Milan, here, 
Whom I affect ; but she is nice, and coy. 
And nought esteems my aged eloquence : 
Now, therefore, would I have thee to my tutor, 
(F(M' long agone I have forgot to court : 
Besides, the fashion of the time is chang'd ;) 
How, and which way, I may bestow myself. 
To be regarded in her sun-bright eye. 

Vol. Win her with gifts, if she respect not words ; 

umb jewels oflen, in their silent kind. 
More than quick words, do move a woman's mind. 

Duke. But she did scorn a present that I sent her. 

VaL A woman sometimes scorns what l^st con- 
tents her : 
Send her another ; never give her o*er ; 
For scorn at first makes aiter-love the more. 
If she do frown, 'tis not in hate of you. 
But rather to beget more love in you : 
If die do chide^ His not to have you jgone ; 
For why, the fools are mad, if left alone. 
Take no repulse, whatever she doth say : 
For, gtt ynu gone^ she doth not mean, atom/ : 
Flatter, and praise, commend, extol their graces. 
Though ne'er so black, say, toey have angels' faces. 
ThaJt man that hath a tongue, I say, is no man. 
If with his tongue he cannot win a woman. 

Jhtke, But she, I mean, is promis'd by her 
ITnto a youthful gentleman of worth ; 
And kept severenr from resort of men, 
Tliat no man hatn access by day to her. 

VmL Why then I would resort to her by night. 

Jhik», Ay, but the doors be lock'd, and keys kept 
Hiat no man hath recourse to her by night. 

VaL What lets,* but one may enter at her win- 
dow? ^ 

Duke. Her chamber is alofl, far from the ground ; 
And built so shelving that one cannot climb it 
Without apparent hazard of his life. 

VaL Wny ^n, a ladder, quaintly made of cords, 
To cast up with a pair of anchoring hooks. 
Would serve to scale another Her(?s tower, 
tBo bold Leander would adventure it. 

Duke, Now, as thou art a gentleman of blood. 
Advise me where I may have such a ladder. 

VaL When would you use it ? pray, sir, tell me 

1 Where for teAereos, oflen used by old writers. 
1 1. •• btaidsn. s I. «. cause. 



Duke. This very night ; for love is Uke a diild. 
That longs for every thing that he can come by. 

Vol. By seven o'clock I'll ^t you such a ladder. 

Duke. But, hark thee ; I will so to her alone ; 
How shall I best convey the ladder thither 7 

VaL It will be light, my lord, that yoa may 
bear it 
Under a cloak that is of any length. 

Duke. A diiak as long as Uiine will aerm tiie 

VaL Ay, my good lord. 

Duke. Then let me see thy doak ; 

I'll get me one of such another length. 

Vol. Why, my cloak will serve the turn, my lord. 

Duke. How snail I fashion me to wear a doak 7— 
I pray thee, let me feel thy dodc upon me.*» 
What letter is this same? What's here? -TV 

And here an engine fit for my proceeding? 
I'll be so bold to break the seu for once. [rsodt. 

My thoufhta do harbour vfUh my Silvia nigh^ ; 

And donee they are to me, that tend themftyvag: 
Of could their master eome and go ae lightly^ 

Rimedf would lodge where eenedeti they are ^pif • 
My herald thoughte m tJn pure boeom reat them ; 

HHule I, their htng^ thai thither tltem tmporfwie. 
Do curee the grace that unth eueh grace hath Uea^d 

Beeauee mvee^do want my eervante' Jortune : 
I curee myedf^ Jor* they are tent 6y me. 
That they ehould harhour where thetr lardthaM As. 
What's here? 
Silvia, this night IwiU enjrandiiae thee I 

'Tis so : and here's the ladder for the purposew— • 
Why, Phaeton (for thou art Merop's son,) 
Wilt thou aspire to guide the heavenly car, 
And with thy daring lolly bum the world ? 
Wilt thou reach stars because they shine on thee * 
Go, base intruder ! over-weening slave ! 
Bestow thy fawning smiles on equal mates ; 
And think, my patience, more than thy desert, 
Is privilege for thy deputure hence : 
Thank me for this, more than for all the favoma 
Which, all too much, I have bestow'd on thee. 
But if thou linger in my territories 
Longer than swiflost expedition 
Wilfgive thee time to leave our royal court. 
By heaven,' my wrath shall for exceed the love 
I ever bore my daughter, or thyself) 
Be gone, I wul not liear thy vain excuse. 
But, as thou lov'st thy life, make speed from henea. 

[Esit Dun. 
VaL And why not death, rather than living tro- 
To die^ is to be banish'd fix>m myself: 
And Silvia is myself: banish'd from ner, 
Is self from self; a deadly banishment! 
What light is light, if Silvia be not seen? 
What joy is joy. if^ Silvia be not by? 
Unless it be to think that she is by. 
And feed upon the shadow of perfection,^ 
Except I be by Silria in the nij^ht. 
There b no music in the nightingale ; 
Unless I look on Silvia in the day, 
'Diere is no day for me to look upon : / 

She is my essence: and I leave to be, 
If I be not by her fair influence 
Foeter'd, illumin'd, cherish'd. kept alive. 
I fly not death, to fly his deaaly doom ;* 
Tarry I here, I but attend on death : 
But, fly I hence, I fly away from life. 

Enter Proteus and Lavrce. 
JPro. Run, boy, run, run, and seek him out. 
Laun. So-ho: so-ho! 
Pro. What seest thou? 

Xioim. Hun we go to find ; there's not a hair* on'a 
head, but 'tis a Viuentine. 

4 And feed upon the shadow of perfection. 

Animum pktura pascit inani. firgH. 
6 1. e. byjltfing. or in Jiving. It Is a Oauldsm. 
8 Launce is mil quibbling, be Is running down Cha 
hare he started when ae first entered. 

rm. TiliiiiiT 
Ak WtalAnI 

£^ Why, ■r,rB 1to »B * i^: l*nr] 
rn. Wkni,lm.f,bitKtu: PHadVUi!^ 

Fit Mr Ml* m Aw^*xi <«^ i^MT r»<< 

■■■oArfSifc-ityli^ fM' Jaw. 
IViL n* to 4Mb ■!>« •rifl I bn KM, 


£«K fir, Aaaf* a iciidaMfiM btt joi u* 

n*. ThMtfwBittiMAiiil.O, lfc«ft>h»a«tra 
VVoB kiaB% fiea film, ud fina n^ Ibj eiaad. 
. F^ O, Than M km dw mw drnb, 
Aari aow OEM <fit -OBat ^ 

n«. A]>,q>i aidAahaA«AiMto&*danB, 
im^atmnU, Maadi ia iftctaal five*,) 
A N* of mUu pHiil, wUek torn oB tM»: 
IVh at W frIheA dnrU k«l riw UBdnM ; 
mib Hml ipoB IwrkDes^ bw banfala aelf; 
Wriagiai Mr baadi, iriMxa wUMkh ao bsokm 

Aa if b« DOW ib*T waiad palo far me : 
BM DM*h«r WaiM haMt, pnr* handaUU ip. 
Sad *<|h*, dMfi noaaa, aor MlTar^irnhfiDi Una, 
Coqld peaeliala harnDcoBpanicnU rfn; 
Bw TikaiiB*, iTbe ba u'en, not £«. 
Bmim, b«r iatctteraon dudM Um ao 
W)mi lin Iot tfa^ rspaal wan ni|ipliuit, 
UmI Io cloH pruoD hs comnundtd ta«r. 
With mun bhtsr Ihmti of IhSdi thqn. 

Vtl. No more ; imlsa Ibe acn wonl thai UiD 

&w HBa luligiiaiit poVr opoD mf life : 

Ai ndinc utbem of mj sndlen dolour.' 
Pr*. Ceus to luneot for Ami thoa can'it na 

A^ nikly help ibr Ibat which Ibou lamenl'il. 

'Hum u ike aant uid breeder of all g«od. 

Bart if Ibou itav, ihou cf-— --- -■ ■-- 

Bends -' - - ■ --" 

Hope I. 

And nunife it uiinft deepairing th 

TTiJ letter* in»jbe hrnn, ihcHigh thoa Kt bOD 

Which, being writ to n», •hslT be d^nrr'd 

Ti^, O Bf dav Bfk! fc-, ■ 

/.!«. I iB^W ■ feel, mT^ Mii M I ki^lW 
lb. «« ta diU, ar BMi> b a U iT a iMH^si 
U« UuA d aaaiir ha k M iM kM*a. B ^m* 
liTca ■ata«B,lhalkaanM»Whla«ia: M I^H 
ubWrc; i«« tMB«rhana^Mt(ba^aH 
dul Am aa; BW«b»*liaI iBv^a^jM^a^^ 
-DBua: b«« rtat imh, 1 »a aat iJaiiw r — - 
■Bd tM^B I 1 II 'I: iM'baBat a MtLfe^^ 
.be (Mkbait, .1 ■i^atlbaMa.fc^^^ 
hrr naiterS BBi^ and ih^ At vapa^ A^^^ 

iniich B a bui* tbriwiaa. Hm ia ^ MtMi^^M 

.W.v«>M«JJarr9. Wto, a kona <M da aS^ 
<nur.: .1 ■ "^ - - llfj I J. I 

^','i.n M .be bKter <— a jaJa. iM^'ObM^^ 

5;>eiA Sow unr, ripfar fiiiri T wimt laa^^ 

£,01111. WilhmTBailH^^T «fafc»afa. 
8p,«LWell,ja-aM»iwia^ian^iiMlM — 
Vliai aaw* dwa ia jwv paper I 
r I Tl lliiliiii-iii *■! iiBitaaliMift 
Sprii. Whf, Baa, how Uackl 
/iuB. Wbr, ai black ai i^ 
Surid. Let ow read tiMib 
Lain, na <m Ibae, johAMd; IhM <MM 1^^^ 

• Ual ttMO camt Dot raaJ 
me : try nta ID tfar panev- 
i( NichoUi' ba rfyn 


.S>«d. CoDie, Iboi 
7/.UI1. There : ud 
Sprtd, Iraprimii, 
/»uik Af, Ibal ihe can. 
SpHrf. Iteoi, 5A> lr«n gonf ala. 
LmiH. And thtrDfore anwa the prorgA, — Bbn 
ig of four hetrt, Tou brew (sed ala. 
SpraL Iinn, stc con am. 
/>»>i. Tha('> u mudi m Id nj, cao iba aa T 
Spttd. ItBm, Sh can btic 

Ijoim. Wbit aeod a maa care Ibr a rtoii inM> 
iveiifh, whao iha can bull him a nodu* 
$pf hL Item, Shi en Baat Bid iBiir. 

To nndrnwul Ihle nwde at addiHalng ]«Ien, ke 
■boukl be known ihai women uwicniljluid > pock 
■ha Itirrpan of iheir Mija, hi whkb ihtf curtod 
talf tart Inwn and lor* inken*, bni eran ih Ir m 
kc. In many pan* of Enflud raMtc dame 
•eMlaat the pnctlea. A Ten old ladj InfbrrHd 
•Mrnu, ihti when ll wm ifie radiioo Is w u 
BraBinent aar* li wu the ciMOm lor maufetn oi 
■BfJ M dnp ka Iheniy (aToiiri wbUn £ tma. 

t OoMaipt not Hitf dgnlfir Iboae who UBwer 
AIM k ba p l ha , bu Iba UUIIng womm who aBand 
lap-In. ThuqoibUsIaevldeiil. 

I Mrr, hu iwe (enae*, iiure and noted Laur 

Earft^ The otd eonr read* i 
infred la (on^'fiflu br Bovt^ 
ndnutNedlT true that Ihs ok 

a quibble bam 

T (chalira. wIb wBa 
Men Bbltbop whUa JM 
■d three lounc atlwlar* 
hoblHaadllM JtU 

T c pariah tifrkt of Lojidon lliidinr Ihac td^ 
JOT uauKl.> lermad cUxkt, wen andac iba pa- 
hie Hjni, conceirrd tbu ffam of aar kkd 
. ._.. ■- — tookibmka 

iidlnukan Bi. Cbs; ta4 

or VKBONl. 

.: fbrtbM iba a-d DM 

ibe c«n nin Ebr her Lifuif. 

AhkI. Item, 5k Mk hjf •mmtl 
linn Thu'i u nuch u lo nj, bi 

SBHd Wbr did'it nM toll dm nooaT 'piK nt 

Zdwi. Now will he ht >wiiicHl fbr raadoig nj 
llAT : An unmuineHjr iliTe, att will llnat hioi- 


Am<1. ibv^UlM to- i^esL 

liww. Claa at tha hwli ofliv TutoM. 

«|i(i<l. ItaiB, 5Ae it Ml O 6* UrndfiMag, n 
ranK^kriranM. , , ,^ 

Tmii WelL thai fault vaj ba naadad with • 
tnd&sl: IU4daii. 

AnJ. Item, 5jW Wk a aBBt Math.' 

£n. Thai culiai anuodi Tor bar iwu teealb. 

BpitiHum, SIm iLuK talk in kiriUtp. 

ttMH. It'i BO maiiBi lor that, ao ib* ilaep not u 

SfA Item, Bit it •'»> « itardt. 

fan. O TiUain, that Ml ibia don amooi hai 
vicM ! To be alow in words, i* ■ woqiaii'. ody 
nrtoe : I bt*t Hue, oul wilh'l ; and place it ut 

Spm^ Item, $k« ii {mud. 

LiBni. Out oilh (bit 100 ; it wai Eie'i lepcjr, 

either, bocanaa 1 loTC 

Bfd. Hem, 5h ii cunt. 

£an. Well, the bmt I*, abe hatb no teelh to bile . 

Saa^ Ileal, Wit inff oAn praiae ker li|p«- 

fS-Tlf her liquor be good, ahe iban: if (be 
win not, I will ; for good thinp ^oold ba praiaod. 

8p^ lum, Shiul~ liieraL' 

I^m. Ofhor tongue she cuinol; for ihat'a wni 
don ahe ii ilow oT: oTIier pune abe ahall not ; 
Ibr Ihat ru keep abut: now of anath« thine ahc 
B» -, and that cannol I help. Well, proceed. 

Speeil. Item, Sht luA mm hair (Aon leU,' iBtH 
wmnfiaOt Om hairt, and nun tsoIA rtoi/oulu. 

timi, BlDp there ; TU have her ; idie waa nunc, 
and not aune, twice or thrice in thai laat aitide : 
Raheam that once more. 

Awd. Hem, Stii lialli mart hot Ikon ■*.— 

ijm. More hior than wiL—il may be; Fllpmi! 
K: Hh conrof Ihe•>JlhldetIhesalI,*aIH)1he^t- 
lbrm it ia more than the aaJl ; Lhe hair that coveri 
■be wit, ia mom than ihe wit; for ihe greater hidi'^ 
lb* loo. What'a next? 

Bfiti, And mmftulU than han.— 

Z«. Tbat'i DonaUoua : O, thai that were out I 

Loaa. Why, that word mali« the faulla gra- 
ano*.' WeU,ra ht*e her; and if it be a sMcb, 
■■ aolhiadi* impouible, — 

&ea£ Wbaltbenl 

Lin». WbT, then will I wdl tbee/Hiit Ibjr man- 
tar elan fbr thee at the north-gala. 

ftwi. For net 

£ml For Ihee? av; who art ihoal be halh 
aMJd foi a better man ihan Ihee. 

Aw£ And muM I go to him? 

Cam. "Diou miiat run to him, for Ihoa hut ataid 
wo loBif, lhi!t going will acarce aarre the tun 

^ENE U. na ■ 

ilaAa. Sir Thorio, fear BOt, but that ^owiDloTa 

rfow Valentine ia baniabed from her ai^it. 

Tku. fiiDce hii eiile Ae baa ilei|u^ me RMat, 
f orawom m tamftay, and rail'd at ma, 
Thai I am doaperate of obtainiiv her, 

Oaiie. Thiaweak impnaa of lave ia a* a Hgnn 
TrmKh'i)' in ice ; whkb with an bav'a beat 
IHaBolrea lo water, a»l doth loaa hia form. 
\ liitla lime vUlmdt herfirnunthcaighia, 
lad worthleaa Taliatina ahaO be Ibrgot— 
How now. Sir ProieuaT la jpon' eouMiTma^ 
Acccadw to onr prodamatuo, goM? 

Pro. Gone, mj nod lord. 

Dukt, Mjr daoriitar takaa hU fomf irieToaiiT. 

Pro. Alinlotime,mTlord, watUBOwtgriaC 

Owta. So I believe ; but Thufio Ihiaki BOI as.— 
Proteua, the good ooDcait I boM cd" Ibee, 
For Ihou baat duwn aomo riga of good deavit,) 
Hahea me tte better to cgafer whh tboe. 

Pro. Lonier than I prore lojal to joct gnoa, 
Ul me not Ure to look upon ^our gnce. 

ZUtf. Tbou kaow'at, how willing^ I woold effect 

Pro, 1 do, my lord. 

Duke. And aiiaci. I Ihi^ Aon art Dot ignofaol 
How ahe oppoaea her againat mj will. 

fW «iedid,m;lonl, when Valentine waa hen. 

DitJit. Ay, and perreraelj abe petaerei* M). 
What rnighi we do, 10 make the giil fiirget 
'^e lore ofValentme, and lore KrThurioT 

Prft The ben way i» to alander Valtmiino 
Wilh blaehood, cowardice, and poor deKCDt ; 
Thrco Ihinga Ihal woms n highly iold in hale. 

Dulit. Ay, but (hell think Ihal it la apoka in hate. 

Pro. Ay.iflii. enemy dclii-or it r 
Therefore il muit, with ciroumelwie*,' be apoken 

J one, whom she eateemeth ai hia tritnd. 

Dalle. Then you mual undenako to alandcf him. 

Pro. And thai, my lord, I aball ba tolb 10 do : 
" '^ce for a gentlama- 

lapcciallyagainat hia rery' frien 
Dtkt. Where yonr good word 

Therefore Ihe off 

Being entreated to it by your friend. 

Pro. yoiiha«proTail'd,niT]Drd: if I can do I, 
Br aught Ihal I «n apeak in bii diapraiae, 
Sbe ahall nolkmg — -— - ' — ■- ■— - 

followa not that abe will lore Sir Thi 
Tit*. Therefore, aa you unwind her lo 
Bit il ahouid ravel, and be good to noi 

the ikefal aaj laudiunr eene. CauraTs rende 
^riamtt J tvtet-lip*, daiaiie-moulhed, aweet-loot 

I UABaf la, front, beyoad bonu 
intntj. Tbat In Othello, Deademonda aaya 
lai "la be net a moat profane and littral counai 

i TM* waa «a «M famllUr promrb, or whkh Ste 
■ baa gtren many example!. ] wul add one fro 
■to : " A tiny Jeay nt ruuhai, mare hatrt On 

(enonccil, like Ihe luUan OratiiUri, T. AayooLUuk, 
AB I. Sc 1. 

t 1, e, wf, rancdi fmn the Ft. (nmDl«r. 

T I. e. with the addliiim of auch InckUua] pazocolara 
aa may imliice belief. 

8 *4ry, Ihal K Ir^" i ^""^ the LaL venu. " — '■ 
gei calli ona of kla plafa " A ("ctif Woman." 

fl Aa you anwlod her lore from him, make me Ihe 
bclOm on which you wbid h. A baaom ia the bgDH- 
wlfa>aiarB£jtabaUef thnadmuDd upon a tiatial 



IMr. Am!, PMeofl, we d ve trast JOB m thn kind ; 
Beeauie ve know, on YaleotiM's repoft, 
Toa are already love** finn ▼otary, 
Aad cannot looo rcTolt and chan^ your mind. 
Upon thifl warrant ihall yoo have acceM, 
where you with Silvia may confer at large ; 
For wkM m lummsh, heavr, melancholy, 
And, for your fncmTs «ake, will be glad of yon ; 
Where you may temper her, by your persuasion, 
To hate young valentine, and love my friend. 

Pn. Am much as I can do, I will effect :— 
Bat you, Sir Thurio, are not sharp enough ; 
Too must lay lime,* to tangle her denres, 
Bt wailful sennets, whose composed rhymes, 
SmiNild be fiiU fraujj^ with semceable vows. 

Duht, Ay, much is the force of hesTea-bred poesy. 

Pro, Say, that upon the altar of her beauty 
Tou sacrince your tears, your sighs, your heart : 
Write till your ink be dry ; and with your tears 
M<Mst it again ; and frame some feeling line, 
Hat may discover such integrity :*— 
For Orpheus* lute was stning with poets* sinews ; 
Whose golden touch could soften steel and stones, 
Make tigers tame, and huge leviathans 
Forsake unsounded deeps to dance oo sands. 


IVme a deploring dump ;* the lught's dead silence 
Will well become such sweet complaining grievance. 
This, or else nothing, will inherit her.* 

Duke. This discipline shews thoti hast been in love. 

T%m. And thy advice this night Til put in practice : 
Therefore, sweet Proteus, my direction-giver, 
Let us into the city presently 
To Bort^ some gentlemen well skillM in music : 
I have a sonnet, that will serve the turn, 
To give the onset to thy good advice. 

Jhtke, About it, gentlemen. 

Pro. We'll wait upon your grace till after supper : 
Ami afterward detftrmine our proceedings. 

Duke. Even now about it ; I will pardon you. 



SCENE l.^A Fnreetf war Mantua. Enter cer- 

lotn Gut-laws. 

1 Out, Fellows, stand fairt : I see a pas8en«rer. 
% Out, If there bo ten, stirink not, but down 

Enter VALSimifB and Spxed. 

S Out, Stand, sir, and throw us that you have 
about you ; 
If not, we'll make you sit, and rifle yovL 

Speed, Sir, we are undone ! these are the villains 
That all the travellers do fear so much. 

VaL My friends, — 

I OuL That's not so, sir ; we are yoor enemies. 

% Out. Peace ; we'll hear him. 

S Ottt, Ay, by my beard, will we ; ibr he is a 
proper^ man. 

VaL Tnen know, that I have little wealth to lose ; 
A man I am, cross'd with adversity : 
My riches are these poor habiliments, 

1 I. e. birdlime. 

9 {. e. 8iriceri(;r. such as would be manireated by such 
Impassioned writing. Mslone suspects that a Ime fol* 
lowinff this haji brnn Innt. 

3 The old ropy han eon»ort, which, according to Bui- 
lokar and Philip*, sifnifled '* a aet or company of mu- 
sicians." If wc print concert^ as Malone would have 
It, the relative nmnnnn their has no correspondent word. 
It Is true that Shakaprarc frequently refers to words not 
expressed, but implied in tlie former part of a sentence. 
But the reference here is to coneort^ as appears by the 
■ubssnueni words, ** to their instruments.** 

4 A dump was the ancient term for a mmtr^fiU 

Of which if you shovrfd hen Ji i liaai d h mt^ 
You take the smn and substanoa ihal I hava. 

£ Out, Whither travel yoa 7 

VaL To Verona. 

1 OhI. Whence came yoa 7 

Vol, From Milan. 

S OuL Have yog long a aj our aa J tliafe 7 

VaL Some sixteen inont&t ; and ' 
have staid. 
If crooked fortune had not thwmrlad na. 

1 OuL What, were yoa baiBahM thcMaT 
KoL Iwas. 

2 Out, For what offence? 
VaL For that which now UnaaHtM m» ta 

I kill'd a man, whose death I most npcat ; 
But yet I slew him manfully in 6ffat| 
Without false vantage, or base treadiery. 

I Ok<. Why ne'er repent it, if it were c 
But were you hanish'd for so small a Ikult 7 

Val. I was, and held me glad of aocii a d 

I Out. Have you the tongues 7 

Vol. My youthfiil travel therein made me hufff 
Or else I often had been miserable. 

S Out. By the bare scalp of Robiii RooA 
This fellow were a king ibr our wild ftctioa. 

1 Out. We'll have Kim ; nrs, a word. 

Speed. Master, be one of them ; 
It is an honourable kind of thievery. 

Val. Peace, villam ! 

t Oitf. Tell us this : have you aay tluagto takato 

Vol. Nothing but my fortune. 

S Oitf . Know, then, that some of us are 
Such as the ftiry of ungovem'd jrooth 
Thrust from the company of awtiil* men: 
Myself was from Verona banish'd. 
For practising to steal away a lady. 
An heir, and near allied unto the duke. 

S Out. And I from Mantua, for a gentlemaBi 
VIThom, in my mood,'** I stabbed imto the heart. 

1 Out. And I, for such like petty crimes as 
But to the purpose, — (for we cite our fiuilta, 
That they may hold cxcus'd our lawless lives,) 
And. partly, seeing you are beautify'd 
With goinfly shai»c ;' and by your nlwn report 
A lingui^ and a man of such perfection. 
As wc do in our quality* * much want ;— 

S Out. In(l<>od, bccaut^e you are a banished 
Therefore, abovo the rest, wc parley to you : 
Are you coiilonf to be our general T 
To make a virtue of necessity, 
And live, as we do, in this wilderness ? 

S OuL What say'st thou 7 wilt thou be 
consort ? 

Say ay. and be the captain of us all : 
We'll do thee homai^e, and be rul'd by thee. 
Love thee sr our commander and our king. 

1 Out. Rut if thou scorn our courtesy, thou (fiesL 

2 Out. Thou 3halt not live to brag what we have 

Vol. I take your oflor, and will live with you; 
Provided that you do no outrages 
On silly women, or poor passengers. 

3 Out. No, we detest such vile base practices. 
Come, go with us, we'll bring thee to our crews, 
And snew thee all the treasure we have got ; 
Which, with ourselves, all rest at thy dispose. 


6 To inhfrit ifl sometimeji used bv Shakspeare for 
to obtain poaneamon of^ without any idea of acnuiring 
by inheritance. Milton in Comus has diainherit Chaoa, 
meaning only to diapoaaeaa it. 

6 To aortf to ehooae out. 

7 A proper man, waw a comely, tall, or well propor- 
tioned man. Uomo di bet ta^lio. 

8 Friar Tuck, one of tiie aasociates of Robin Hood. 

9 Jitrful men, men full of awe and respect for Chs 
laws of society, and the dniies of life. 

10 Hood in anger or resentment. 

11 t. e. Condition, profession, occupation, v Hamlsl 
Actii. 8c. S. 

of ov 



Pobet. EfOrn 

Pm, Already have I be«n fiise to TaleDtine, 
ti BOW I mutt be at uyuit to Thuiio. 
Jhdtr the colour of commenduig hiniy 
I kftTO aecoM mj own 1ot« to prafer : 
Bat Sihia ia too &ir. too tnie, too Mr, 
To bo oorruptod with m j worthloM giru. 
Whan I procTft true loyal^ to har, 
fiba twito mo with my mbehood to aoy firiend ; 
WhflB to har beavtr I commeBd my towi, 
think, nowl ' 

hare been forawom 
In hraakia| fiuth with Julia whom I lof'd : 
Andy notwithstanding all her midden Quipa,* 
1h» teast whereof woold qnell a loveri hope, 
Tet, qwniel-likey the more the spume my lore, 
Tte more it grows and fiiwneth on her stiU. 
Bn here comea Thurio; now must we to her 

Aid pva some areaing mosic to her ear. 

^a<ir THuaio, and Mttaieian$, 

T%tu How now. Sir Protons? are yon crept 
befcrensr ^ 

Pn, Ay, gentle Thuno ; for, you know, that love 
Will creep in service where it cannot go. 

TIbK. Ay, bat, I bt^, sir, that you loTe not here. 

Pr». Sir, hot I do ; or else I would be hence. 

rfac Who? SUvia? 

Pn. Ay, Silvia,— 4br yoor sake. 

TUm. I thank you far your own. Now, gen- 
Li^B tme, and to it Instily awhile. 

£ifrHoat,«fodlutaiice; andJuLiAinboj/'telothea. 

HmC. Now, my young guest 1 methinks you're 
aByefaon? ; I pray, you- why is it ? 

Jmi. llajry, mine host, because I cannot be 

Boti. Come, we'll hare you merry: Fil bring 
von where you shall hear music, and see the gen- 
fbman that you ask'd for. 

Id. Bat shall I hear him speak 7 

HmL Ay, that you shall. 

ftd. T^t will be music [MusiepU^M. 

tbtL Hark! hark! 

JwL U he among these? 

HmL Ay : bat peace, lets hear 'em. 


WhoUSMoia? fVhgii$9he? 

J%at mour $wainM eammend her 1 
BiAfj/mr^ mid wi$e Uihe; 

f%t keaveng 9uch graet did Und htr^ 
2Vl jAs wight admittd 6s. 

k dbs Und, as the ufmr ? 

fhr ftsaufy Uvea wUh kindntms 
law doth to her eyee rtpair, 

Tkhe^Umefhu bimdnem; 
Aadf bSig ht^% inhabUi there. 

T%m to Sihia let as sm^, 

T%ei Siloia ie tnelUni^;. 
She emeeie eetch mortai thmg. 

Uvem the dull earth dweUmg I 
Tfkerletve garimde bring, 

HmL How now ? are you sadder than you were 

Bow doyou, man 7 the music likes you not. 
JmL Ton mistake ; the musician likes me not 
Btel, Why, mv pretty vouth 7 
JmL He plays false, nitner. 
BoeL How i out ot tune on the strings 7 
/at Not ao ; hut yet so &lse ^Mtt he grieves my 
srv heart-stnnga. 
BeeL You have a quick ear. 
JUL Ay, I would I were deaf! it makes ma have 
aslow heart. 


IToit. I perceive, you delist not a muMe. 

JmL Not a whit, when it jars so. 

JSsst. Hark, what fine change is in the mnsic ! 

JuL Ay ; that change is the spite. 

ifsst. Too would luive them always |day b«t 
one thing? 

Jilt I would always have one play bat one thing. 
But, host, doth this Sir Proteus, that we talk on, 
often resort onto this gentlewoman 7 

Hoet, I tell you what Launce, his man, told ma, 
he loved her out of all nkk.* 

JmL Where b Launce 7 

H9tL Gone to seek his dog ; which, to-morrow, 
by his master's command, he must carry for a pre- 
sent to his lady. 

JmL Peace I stand aside ! the cooapany parts. 

Pre, Sir Thurio, fSuur not you! I will so plead. 
That you shall say, my cunning drift excels. 

Tku. Where meet we ? 

Pro, At Saint Gregory's welL 

Urn. FtrewelL [JSjreumt Thu. and MueieMe, 

Silvia appean a6ove, at her window. 

Pro. Madam, good even to your ladjrship. 

8iL I thank you for your music, gentlemen : 
Who is that, that spake 7 

Pro, One. lady, if you knew his pure heart's 
You'd quickly learn to know him by his voice. 

8il. sir Proteus, as I take it. 

Pre, Sir Proteus, gentle lady, and yoor servant. 

8iL What u your will 7 

Pro. That I may compass yours. 

8iL You have your wish ; my will is even this,— * 
That presently you hie you home to bed. 
Thou subtle, perjur'd, false, disloyal man ! 
Think'st thou, I am so shallow, so conceitleas, 
To be seduced by thy flattery. 
That hast deoeiv'd so many with thy vows 
Return, return, and make thy love aBB<*nds. 
For me, — ^by tnis pale queen of night I swear, 
I am so &r from grantins thy request. 
That I despise thee for toy wrongful suit ; 
And by ana by intend to chide myself, 
Even for this time I spend in talking to thee. 

Pro. I grant, sweet love, that I did love a lady ; 
But she is dead. 

. JuL 'Twere finlse, if I should speak it ; 
For. I am sure, she is not baned. [Aeidem 

SiL Say, that she be ; yet Valeatine, thy friend^ 
Survives ; to whom, thyself art witoess, 
I am betroth'd : And art thou not asham'd 
To wrons him with thy importunacy 7 

Pro. I likewise hear, that Valentme is dead. 

8iL And so suppose am I ; for in his grave. 
Assure thyself, my love is buried. 

Pro, Sweet lady, let me rake K from the earth. 

8iL Go to thy lady's grave, and call bar's thence ; 
Or, at the least, in her^ sepulchre thine. 

JuL He heard not thau [Aiide, 

Pro, Madam, if your heart be so obdurate, 
Vouchsafe me yet your picture for my love. 
The picture that is hanging in your diamber; 
To that m speak, to that rll sigh and weep . 
For. since the substance of your perfect self 
b else devoted, I am but a shadow ; 
And to your shadow will I make 'true love. 

JuL U 'twere a substance, you would, sure, de- 
ceive it. 
And make it but a shadow, as I am. . [Amdu 

SiL I am very loth to be your idol, sir ; 
But, since your falsehood sfciall become jrou we^l 
To worship shadows, and adore ftlse shapes. 
Send to me la the morning and I'll send it : 
And so good rest. 

Pro. As wretches have o'emi^t. 

That wait for execution m the mom. 

\Eaeunt Pnornus ; and Silvia Jirem ebeme* 

JuL Host, will you go? 

HoeL By my halidom,* I was fast asleep. 

SI.S. Outofall reckoninf orcount; reckonings were 
kept upon nicked or notchM sticks or lalUaa. 
a haUdem^ (sajs Minshsn.) sa oU wotd, ussd by old 
by manaar 01 swaariag. 


Act If • 

JWf. Piraj you, where lies Sir Pkotous 7 

HotL Mvrjf at my home: Truit me, I think 

'til almoet day. 
JuL Not lo ; bat it hath been the longest night 

That e'er I watch'd, and the most hearieet.* 


SCENE in. The mam. Enter EoLAMoum. 

EgL This b the hour that madam SilTia 
Entreated mo to call and know her mind : 
There** some great matter ahe'd employ me in.— 
Madam, madam! 

8f LTiA ofpean abevef at her wmde^, 

aU. Whocalb? 

EgL Your eenrant, and your friend ; 
One that attends your ladyship's command. 

SiL Sir Eglamour, a thoonnd times good-mor- 

EgL As many, worthy lad]^, to youraelC 
According to your ladyship's mipose,* 
I am thus early oome, to know what serrice 
It is your pleasure to command me in. 

SiL Eglamour, thou art a gentleman, 
(Think not, I flatter, for I swear, I do not,) 
Valiant, wise, remoreeful.' well accompUshVL 
Tbou art not ignorant, wnat dear good-will 
I bear unto the bamsh'd Valentine ; 
Nor how my fkther would enforce me many 
Vain Thurio, whom my very soul abhorr'd. 
Thyself hast k>T'd ; and I have heard thee say, 
No grief did ever come so near thy heart. 
As when thy lady and thy true love died. 
Upon whose grave thou vow'dst pure chasdty.^ 
Sir Eglamour, I would to Valemme, 
To Mantua, where, I hear, he makes abode ; 
And, ibr the ways are dangerous to pass, 
I do desire thy worthy company. 
Upon whose nith and honour I repose. 
Urge not my frtheHs anger, Enamour, 
But think upon my grief, a lady's grief; 
And on the justice of my fl3ring hence. 
To keep me from a most unhoTy matcn. 
Which heaven and fortune still reward with plagues. 
I do desire thee, even firom a heart 
As flill of sorrows as the sea of sands. 
To bear me company, and go with me : 
If not, to lude what ) have said to thee. 
That I UMiy venture to depart alone. 

EgL Madam, I pity much your grievances;* 
Which since I know they virtuously are placed, 
1 give consent to go along with you ; 
Recking* as little what betidoth roe. 
As mud) I wish all good befortune you. 
When will you go ? 

SU, Tliis evening coming. 

EgL Where shall I meet you 7 

SiL At fnar Patrick's cell^ 
Where I intend holjr confession. 

E^ I will not fail your ladyship : 
Good-morrow, gentle lady. 

SiL Good-morrow, kind Sir Eglamour. 


SCENE rV. The eame, ErOa Launcx, with 

hie Deg. 

When a man's servant shall play die cur with 
him, look you, it goes hard : one that I brought up 
of a puppy ; one tliat I saved from drowning, when 
throe or four of his blind brothers and sisters went 

1 The double superlative is very oAen used by the 
writers of Shakspeare's time. 

3 Impose is injunction^ command ; a task set at col. 
Kifre in consequence of a fault is still called an impdei- 

8 i. e. pitiful. 

4 It was cummon (n fbrmer a/^es for widowers a»d 
widows to make vows of chastltv in honour of thetr de- 
ceased wives or husbands. Besides observhig the vow, 
the widow was, for life, to wear a veil, and amonrning 
habit. The same distinction raay have been made in 
respect of male votarists { thin circumstance might in. 
form the players how Sir Eglamour shoukl be dressed ; 
and will accoum for Silvia's having chosen him as a 
person in whom shs couU confkds wlihoui mary to her 

to it ! I have taoght hi m eyea as one wmdd wjr 
precisely. Thus I would teach a dog. I was am 
to deliver him, as a present to mistren SSvia^ tnm 
my master ; and I came no sooner into thn rilnils 
chamber, but he steps me tohertrendlier,aBdat«3i 
her capon's leg. 6, 'tis a Ibul thin|, vriiaa a em 
cannot keep* himself in all companies ! I wsnM 
have, as one diould say, one that takes upoa \im l» 
be a dog indeed, to be, as it were, a dog at all tluBgk 
If I had not had more wit than he, to take a &nb ap«i 
me that he did. I think verily he had been haamek 
for't : sure as I live, he had snfier'd ferH : yausGdl 
judge. He thrusts me himself into the eoa^MUij if 
three or four gentleman-like dogs, under lbs dwrali 
table : he had not been there (Mess the Bark) a 
pissing while ; bat all the chamber arndt him. Oirf 
wilk Me do/r, says one ; Whoi. twr it tkoA f wtm 
another ; frkip khm out, says the third ; Hang Mm 

S», says the duke. I, having been aoqumataa vfilii 
e smell before, knew it was Crab ; and goei ms 
to the fellow that whips the dogs : Friend, quoth L 

rmean to whip the dog ? Ay, marry j de iL q^H 
Yem do km Me moremng, quoth I ; 'Aom J 
did Ae thing you wot ^ ill makes ne no ■««« 
ado, but mm me out of the chamber. How maay 
masters would do this for their servant 7 Nay, FII ba 
sworn, I have sat in the stocks for puddings be halh 
stolen, otherwise he had been executed: 1 haw 
stood on the pillory for geese he hath killed, othsi^ 
wise he had suffered fort: thou thiak*8t hoc of cUs 
now t — Nay, I remember the trick you served bml 
when I took my leave of madame Silvia : did not! 
bid thee still mark me, and do as I do 7 Whea ifidf 
thou see me heave up my leg, and make waist 
against a gentlewoman's Nirthingale 7 didst tha« 
ever see me do such a trick 7 

Enter Pmorxus and Julia. 

Pro, Sebastian is thy name 7 I like dieo waOif 
And will employ thee m some service presendy. 

Jnl. In what you please ; — ^I will do what I caSb 

Pro. I hope, tnou wilt. — ^How now, you whoraaoa 
peasant ! [7b Lauvos. 

Where have you been these two days loitering? 

Laun. Marry, sir, I carried mistress Sihria tka 
dog you bade me. 

iVo. And what says she to my little jewel 7 

Laun. Marry, she says^ your dog was a cur ; and 
tells you, currisn thanks is good enough for such a 

Pro. But she received my dog 7 

Locun. No, indeed, did she not: here haya I 
brought him back again. 

Pro. What, didst thou offer her this firom me 7 

Laun. Ay, sir ; the other squirrel was stolen from 
me by the hangman's bojrs in the market-place : and 
then I offered her mine own ; who is a dog as big 
as ten of yours, and therefore the gifl the greater. 

Pro. Go, get thee hence, and find my dog again 
Or ne'er return again into my sight. 
Away, I say : Stay'st thou to vex me here 7 
A slave, that, still an end* turns me to shame. 

[Exit Launcb. 
Sebastian, I have entertained thee. 
Partly, that I have need of such a youth, 
That can with some discretion do my buarinsM. 
For 'tis no trusting to yon foolish lowt ; 
Butf chiefly for thy fkce and thy behaviour : 
Which (if my augury deceive n>e not) 

6 In Shakspeare^s lime gri^fn freauently signified 
grievances ; and the present instance shows that in re- 
turn grievance was sometimes used in the sense of 

6 7b reck is to care for. So in Hamlet : " And redfca 
not his own read.** 

7 i. e. reetroiH. 

8 Still oji endf and moot an endy are vulgar exprss 
sions, and mean perpetually, gencrtUly. See 0(ffort^9 
Maeeinger, Iv. 383. 

** Now help, good hearen ! tis sueh an iimmik 

To be a wtdow om of Term-time f I 
Do feel such aguish qualms, and dumna, and fhn. 
And shakings s«itt an sml" -J -• "^ 

imps, snd fhn, 
The Clrrfmswy 




WitBOM good bnnginf np, fortune, aad truth : 
IhenSon Iobow tlioa, for this I entertun thee. 
Go presently and take this ring with thee, 
Dehyer it to madam 8blna : 
8he loved me well deliveHd it to me. 

M. It seems Toa loved her not, to leave her token : 
8he^ dead, befike. 

Pro, Not BO : I think she lives. 

Jul. Alas! 

J¥s. Why dott thoa cry, alas ? 

/mI. I cannot choose but pity her. 

.Pro. Wherefore should'st thou pity her? 

/y. Because, methinks, that she lov'd you as well 
As you do love your lady Silvia, : 
flbsMreams on him that has forsot her love ; 
Too dote on her that cares not for your love. 
1^ pity, love should be so contrary : 
And thinkinf on it makes me cry, alas I 

Pro. Well, five her that ring, and therewithal 
Hm letter ;---uat'8 her chamber. — ^Tell my lady, 
I claim the promise for her heavenly picture. 
Tour Message d<me, hie home unto my chamber, 
Wh^re tfaou shalt find me sad and soUtary. 

[Emt Paotxus. 

Jul. How many women would do such a message 7 
Alas, poor Proteus ! thou hast entertained 
A fox, to be the shepherd of thy lambs : 
Alas, poor fool ! why do I pity nim 
That with his very heart despiseth me 7 
Bec au se he loves her. he despueth me ; 
Because I love hiin, I most pity him. 
This ring I gave him, when ne parted from me, • 
TV> bindhim to remember my good-will : 
And now am I (unhappy messenger !) 
To i^ead for that, which I would not obtain ; 
To carry that which I would have refusM ; 
To praise his iaith which I would have disprais'd. 
I am my master's true confirmed love ; 
But cannot be true servant to ray matiter, 
Unless I prove fidse traitor to myself. 
Tet I vnll woo for him : but yet so coldly, 
Asy heaven it knows, I would not have him speed. 

EnUr Silvia, oUended. 

O e n t l ew om an, good day ! I pray you be my mean 
Tb bring me where to speak with madam Silvia. 

8il. What would you with her, if that I be she 7 

JuL If you be she, I do entreat your patience 
To hear me speak the message I am sent on. 

SU. From whom 7 

JuL From my master, Sir Proteus, madam. 

SU. O !— be sends you for a picture 7 

Jul. Ay, madam. 

SU. Ursula, bring my {ucture there. 

[PiefttTf brought. 
Go, 0ve your master this : tell him fix>m me. 
One Julia, that his changing thoughts forget. 
Would better fit his chamber than this shadow. 

JuL Madam, please you peruse this letter.— 
Pardon me, maoam ; 1 have unadvis'd 
Dehver'd you a paper that I should not ; 
This is the letter (o your ladyship. 

SU. I pray thee let me look on that again. 

Jul. It may not be ; good madam, pardon me. 

SU. There, hold. 
I will not look upon your master's lines : 
I know the^ are stufrd with protestations, 
And full 01 new-found oaths ; which he will break 
As easOy as I do tear his paper. 

Jul. Madam, he sends your ladyship this ring. 

SU. The more shame fur him that he sends it me ; 
For, I have heard him say a thousand times, 

1 i. e. in good earwittf tout de bon. 
9 To pattion was usm as a verb formerly. 
S FalM hair was worn by the ladies long before wigs 
in fashion. So, in * Northward Hoe,* 1007, 

''There Is • new trade come up for cast gentlewomen 
ef periwig making." Perwicket are mentioned by 
Chmvbyard in one of his earliest poems. And Bamabe 
Ekh, in * The Honestis of this Age,* 1615, has a phi- 
taic against this <bliy. 

4 By grey eyes were meant what we now call blue 
fvesu Orey, when applied to fhe eves Is rendered by 
Cilsi, In bis Dictkmafy, 1«79, Cmruieua, gkmau 

His Julia gave it him at his departure : 
Though his fidse finder hath profan'd the rang. 
Mine shall not do his Julia so much wrong. 

Jul. She thanks you. 

SU. What say'st thou 7 

Jul. t thank you, madam, that you tender her . 
Poor gentlewoman ! my master wrongs her much. 

SU. Dost thou knowlier 7 

Jul. Almost as well as I do know myself: 
To think upon her woes, I do protest, 
lliat I have wept a hundred several times. 

SU. Belike, she thinks that Proteus hath foffook 

Jul. I think she doth, and that's her cause of 

SU. Is she not passing fair 7 

Jul. She hath been fiurer, madam, than she is: 
When she did think my master lov'a her well, 
She, in my iudcment, was as fiur as you ; 
But since Mie md neglect her looking-(^as% 
And threw her sun-expelling mask away, 
The air bath starv'd tne roses in her chedD^ 
And pinch'd the lily-tincture of her (ace. 
That now she is become as black as I. 

SU. How tall was she 7 

Jul. About my stature : for, at PenteeoeL 
When all our pageants of delight virere play^i, 
Our youth got me to play the woman's partf 
And I was trinun'd in madam Julia's gown, 
Which served me as fit, by all men's judgnient, 
As if the garment had been made for me ; 
Therefore, I know she is about my height. 
And, at that time, I made her weep a good|' 
For I did play a lamentable part : 
Madam, 'twas Ariadne, pasnoninn^ 
For Theseus' perjury, and unjust flight , 
Which I so lively acted with my tearsy 
That my poor mistress, moved therewithal^ 
Wept bitteriv ; and, wWd I mi^t be dead. 
If I in thought felt not her very sorrow ! 

SU. She IS beholden to thee, gentle youth !— 
Alas, poor lady ! desolate and left !^ 
I weep myself f o think upon thy words. 
Here, youth, mere is my purse ; I give thee thia 
For thy sweet mistress* Mke, because thou lov'sl 

Farewell. lEmi Siltia. 

Jul. And she shall thank you fort, if e'er you 
know ho-.— 
A virtuous gentlewoman, mild, and beantifiil, 
I hope my master'^ suit will be but cold, 
Since she respects my mistrew* love so nKh. 
Alas, how love can tnfle with itself 1 
Here is her picture : Let me see ; I thiaki 
If I had mien a tire, this face of mine 
Were fiiU as lovely as is this of hers : 
And yet the painter flatier'd her a little. 
Unless I flatter with myself too much. 
Her hair is auburn^ mine is perfect yeUow 
If that be all the difference m his love, 
111 get me such a colour'd periwig.' 
Her eyes are grey as glass ;* and so are mine : 
Ay, but her forehead's low, and mine's as higli. 
What should it be, that he respects in her, 
But I can make respective* in myself^ 
If this fond love were not a blinded fod 7 
Come^ riiadow, come, and take this shadow up, 
For 'tis thy rival. O thou senseless form. 
Thou shalt be worshipp'd, kiss'd, lov'd, and ador'd ; ^ 
And, were there sense in this idolatry. 
My substance should be statue* in thy stead. 

6 A high forehead was then accounted a feature end- 
neiuly be^mifiiL Our author, In The Tempest, shows 
that low foreheads were In disesteem. 

with foreheads viUanous low. 

Jtespeeft'ee, L e. eonsifferalree, rtgard(fulf v. Mer 
chant or Venice, Act v. 8c. 1. 

7 The word aUttue was formerly used to express a 
portrait, and sometimes asfafue was called a picture 
Stowe says (speaking of Elisabeth's (bneia!,) Aat 
when the people behekl ** hm otalue or picture lytaif 
upon the coffin, there was a gMMral sightaiig.** Thus te 
the 'QQr Madam,' by Maanger, Sir John Fragal da- 

TWO CHnrruiirar 

l*n ON Ifaee Uadljr fer % 
Thafta^dBMto; orelMbjJov^I 
I riwold lutT0 mnndfd out jour um 
To makib my maater out of wvo with 




EfL Tbo tim bogiM to gOd tlia we oto miky; 
And ttow It ii about the Teir hour 
That 8Ufia» at inti Patrick^a cell, riiould meet, me. 
She win not &il ; ibr lorera hreak not honra, 
Unleaa it be to come beibre their time ; 
80 nach tbej apur their czpeditioii. 

Etdtr SiLTiA. 

See, where eheoomeo; Lady, a ham evening! 

ml ilaian,amen! co on, good Eilamoor I 
Out at the poatem by the abbey wall; 
I fear I am attended by aome epiea. 

EgL Faarnot: the fbreetb not three leacuee off: 
If we recorer that, we are aure enough. lEmtmt. 

SCENE IL—3V MM. A Room m At Duke's 
Pateai. fialir Tbitaio, PmoTsui, «Mf Julia. 

Tkau Sir Protem, what saya Silvia to my auit? 
Fn, O. air, I find her milder than ahe waa ; 
Aadyet ne takea eiceptiona at your pecMii. 
Tkn. What, thatmy leg ia too long? ' 
1^ No; that it ia too little. 
Thm. m wear a boot, to make it aooMwhat 

Pm, But lore will not be apunr'd to what it 

7%K. What aaya ahe to my &ee7 
Pn, She aaya It ia a " 

■Tkm, Nay, then the wanton liea; my &ce ia 

Pm, But pearia are &ir ; and tfie old aaying ia, 
Black men are pearia in bMuteous ladiee' eyea. 

JuL inatnie; euch pearia aa put out ladieaerea; 
For I had rather wink tnan look on them. [Andt, 

T%u, How likea the my diacourae 7 

Pn, HI, when you talk of war. 

Tkau But well, when I diacourae of love and 

M, But better indeed, when you hold your 
peace. [Atkk. 

Thu What aaya ehe to my valour? 

Pn, O, nr, the makes no doubt of that. 

JuL She needa not, when ahe knowa it cow- 
ardice, [.^fsidc 

Thu What aaya she to my birth ? 

Pro, That you are well deriv'd. 

JuL True, from a gentleman to a feoL [AMtdi. 

Thu. Conaidera she my poesesaiona ? 

Prow Ojay; and jpitiea theok 

Trttu Wnecefore 7 

/uL That such an asa ahoold owe* them. lAnde. 

Pro. That they are out by lease.* 

JuL Here cornea the Duke. 

JSTater DuxB. 
Duke. How now. Sir Proteus? hownow,Thurio7 
Which ofyou saw Sir Eglamour of late? 
Thu. Not I. 
IVa. NorL 
Duhi. Saw you my daughter? 

sirea that his daughters may take leave of their lovers' 
afofMM, though he had previously described them as 
picuiree, vrhteh they evidently were. 

I Mr. BoeweUthouffhi that this line shookl be given to 
Jolla, as wsll as a eubeequent one, and that they were 
■Mam to be spoken aside. They are exactly in the style 
ef her other sarcastic speeches ; and Proteus, who is 
playing on Tbvrlofs credulity, would hardly repreeent 
him as an object of tooMtng t» Silvia. 

i L e. posaeos them, own them, 

S ly Thurio*B poMeooiont he himself ondsrstands his 
lands. Bat Proteus chooses to take the word likewise in 
a flgnrafi ve sense, as rigntfyinff his MSMlol sndMMMfite , 
au wbeo he says thejr are«M/ 6y /ease, he means, that 
ihaj are aa hwiger ei\|oyed by thsir maaur (who is a 

Pn, WaM iif. 

Duht. Why, theo dw% iad «to that 

And Eglamour ia in her oompany. 

'Tie true; for friar Lanrsnee mot dmai Imlhiy 

Aaha in penance wandarM throudh theftnaC; 

Him he Imew well, and gueaa'd that it waa ahnr 

But| being maak'd, he waa not aura of it: 

BesideS| she did intend co nf ea ai on 

At Patrick's cell thia even : and there ahn wniail 

Theae Ukelihooda confirm her ffight fimn haaen. 

Therefore^ I pray you, stand not to d iaeo ur w ^ 

But motrat you preaently ; and ateat wilk aa . 

Upon the rising of the mountain Ibot 

That leada towards Mantua, whither they am Sii 

DespateliLaweet gentlemen, and follow am. [JEWl 

Jim. Why, thia it ia to be a peeviah* girl. 
That fliea her fortune when it iollowa bar : 
rU after ; more to be reveag'd on BglaaMMi; ' 
Than for the love of reckleas* SUvia. [Art 

Pro. And I will follow, mora for Sihria'a kw^ 
Than hate ofBclamour that goea with bar. [AM 

JuL And I wul fiiUow more to crooa that toiv^ 
Tlian hate for Silvia, that is gone for love. [JBmt 

SCENE niw— /Vomritra ^ Mantua. T%b JWwf 
JBnlsr Silvia, and Ou^lawa. 

Out Come, come : 
Be patient, we must oring you to our captain. 

SfiL A thousand more miachancea than thia ana 
Have leam'd me how to brook thia padantly. 

t Oitf. Come, bring her away. 

1 Oitf. Where b me gentleman that waa wA 

S Out. Being nimble-footed, he hadi oatroa a^ 
But Moyaea aim Yaleriua foOow him. 
Go thou with her to the weat end of the wood^ 
There is our captain : well follow him tha^a iadt 
The thicket is beset, he cannot 'scape. 

1 OuL Come, I muat bring you to oar captaiani 
Fear not; he bears an honorable aund^ 
And will not use a woman lawlessly. 

8iL Yalentine, thia I endure rar thee ! 


SCENE IV. Anoiher part of tho Fknal. 


VaL How use doth breed a habit in a man! 
This shadowv desert, unfrcMquented wooda, 
I better brook than fiourishing peopled towna : 
Here caoj sit alone, unseen of any. 
And, to the nightingale's complaining notea^ 
Tune my distresses, and record* my woea. 
O thou that doat inhabit in my breast, 
Leave not the mansion so long tenantleaa i 
Lest, growing ruinous, the building (all. 
And leave no memory of what it waa !* 
Repair me with thv presence, Silvia ; 
Thou gentle nympn, cherish thy foriom swain f^ 
What nalloing, and what stir, is this to-day ? 
These are my mates, that make their wills their law^ 
Have some unhappy passenger in ohaae : 
They love me well ; yet I have much to do 
To keep them from uncivil outrages. 
Withdraw thee, Valentine : who's thia comes hen' 

Enter PaoTKUs, Silvia, oad Julia. 

Pro, Madam, this service I have done for yoo, 

(Though you reapect not aught your servant dath' 

fool,) but are leased out to another. Edinburgh 
sine. Km. 1788. 
4 Peevieh in ancient language signified /oo/isA. 

6 i. e. eareleMt heedleaa. 
• To record, anciently sIgnUled to sAig. U la 

used by bird fanciers to express the first essays of a bin 
to riax I and is evidently derived from the recsrJsr a 
pipe wKh which thev were formerly uuf hL 

7 ** O thou that dost inhabit in mj breast. 

Leave not the mansion so hmg tenandeas ; 
Lest crowinf rulnoos, the building fall. 
And leave no memory of what it was.** 
It Is hardlj possible (says Steevens) to point oat 
Hnes In Shakspeare more rsmarkabla for 
gance than the prsosding. 



To hatard lif«, ud raMiie yoo firom him 

ThMt woald have forced your honour and tout love. 

▼onchsafe me, for my meed, but one lair look ; 

A smuailer boon than this I cannot beg. 

And less than this, Fm sure you cannot give. 

FsL How like a dream is this I see and hear ! 
Love, lend me patience to forbear a while. [.^Uide, 

8iL O miserable, unhappy that I am ! 

Pro, Unhappy were you, madam, ere I came ; 
BbJL lij my eommg, I have made you happy. 

SU. By thy approach thou nuuc'st me most un- 

M. And me, when ho approacheth to vour |>re- 
sence. [Ande, 

SS, Had I been seized hj a hungry lion, 
I would have been a breakfast to the beast. 
Rather than have filse Proteus rescue me. 
O, heaven be judge, how I love Valentine, 
Wbooe life's as trader* to me as my soul ; 
And fiill as mudi (for more there cannot be) 
I do detest &lse perjured Proteus : 
Herefbre begone, soUcit me no more. 

/Vs. What dangerous action, stood it next to 
Woold I not undergo for one calm look ? 
O, 'tis the curse in love, and still approv'd,* 
when women cannot love vrhere they're belov'd. 

StL When Plroteas cannot love where he's be- 
Read over Julia's heart, thy first best love, 
For nnhoBe dear sake thou oidst then rend thy faith 
Into a thousand oaths ; and all those oaths 
I>escended into perjury, to love me. 
Thou hast nofiuthleAnow,' unless thou hadst two, 
And that's &r worse than none ; better have ntme 
Than plural &ith, which is too much by one : 
Thou counterfeit to thy true friend ! 

Pro, In love, 

Who respects friends 7 

8iL An men but Proteus. 

Pro. Nay, if the gentle spirit of moving words 
Can no way change you to a mildor form, 
rn woo you like a sddier, at arms' end ; 
And love you 'gainst the nature of love, force you. 

SU. O heaven! 

Pro, ni force thee yield to my desire. 

VaL Ruffian, let go that rude uncivil touch ; 
Thou friend of an ill &shion. 

Pro. Valentine ! 

VaL Thou common fi'iend, that's without fiuth or 
(For Boch is a friend now,) treacherous man ! 
TIkmi hast beguil'd my hopes ; noiwht but mine eye 
Could have Dorsuaded me : Now I dare not say 
I have one friend alive ; thou would'st disprove me. 
Who should be trusted now, when one's right hand 
Is pofjuHd to the bosom ? Proteus, 
I am sorry I must never trust thee more, 
But eount the world a stranger for thy sake. 
The private wound is deepest : O time most accurst ! 
Iloiigst all foes, that a friend should be the worst! 

Pro, My itene and guilt confound me. — 
Forgive m^'Talentine : if hearty sorrow 
Be a snfBoHl ransom for offence, 
I tender it here ; I do as truly suffer. 
As e'er I did commit. 

F<bL Then I am paid ; 

And once again I do receive thee honest :— 
Who by repentance is not satisfied, 
Is nor of heaven, nor earth ; for these are pleas'd ; 
By penitence th' Eternal's wrath's appeas'd :— 
And, that my love may appear plain and firee. 

1 i. c. as tkar. 

9 ooprov'cf is cor\firm?d byjproof. 

t Tbe w 

word now was sappned in the folio of 16S3. 
4 Sleersns confounded the phrases of to try aim 
Verry Wives of Windsor, Act Ui. 8c 3) and to gire 
sfsi, both terms in archery. He who gave aim appears 
10 havs been called the mark^ and was dUUioned near the 
boBs, to hifnrm the archers how near their arrows fell to 
Ike boo. We are Indebted to Bfr. OiflTord for distinguish- 
tag the terms.— Vkle Uaaainger, vol. H. p. 97. Julia 
nsaas to say that she was the mark that gave direction 

Is Ml vows. 

A)l that WIS mme in Silvia, I give thee. 

JuL O me, unhappy ! [Jfamte. 

Pro, Iiook to the dov. 

Vat. Why, boy ! wny, wag ! how now 7 what m 
the matter 7 Look up ; speak. 

JuL O good sir, my master cbarg'd me to deliver 
a ring to Madam Silvia ; which, out of my neglect 
was never done. 

Pro. Where is that ring, boy? 

Jul, Here 'tis : this is it. [Givea a ruvr. 

Pro. How ! let me see : why this is the ring I 
gave to Julia. 

JuL O, cry you mercy, sir, I have mistodi ; this 
is the ring you sent to Silvia. \ Shows another rmg. 

Pro, But, how cam'st thou by this ring 7 at mf 
depart, I gave this unto Julia. 

JuL And Julia herself did give it me ; 
And Julia herself hath brou^t it hither. 

Pro. How I JuUa ! 

Jul, Behold her that gave aim* to all thy oatha, 
And entertain'd them deeply in her heart : 
How ofl hast thou with perjury defl the root?* 

Proteus, let this habit make thee blush I 
Be thou asham'd, that I have took upon me 
Such an immodest raiment; if shame live 
In a disguise of love : 

It is the lesser blot modesty finds. 
Women to change their shapes, than men their 
Pro. Than men their minds 7 'tis true : he^ 
ven ! were man 
But constant, he were perfect : that one error 
FHHb him with faults ; makes him run through aU 

the sins ; 
Inconstancy falls off, ere it begins : 
What is in Silvia's face| but I may spy 
More fresh in Julia's, with a constant eye 7 

V(d. Come, come, a hand from either : 
Let me be blest to make this happy close 7 
'Twere pity two such firiends should be long foes. 
Pro, Bear witness, heaven, 1 have my wish for 

Jul, And I mine. 

Enter Out-laws, totCft Duke and THURxa 

Out. A prize, a prize, a prize ! 

Vol. Forbear, forbear, I say ; it is my lord tho 
Tour grace is welcome to a man disgrac'd« 
Banuined Valentine. 

Duhe, Sir Valentine ! 

Thu, Yonder is Silvia ; and Silvia's mine. 

VaL Thurio, give back, or else embrace thy deafh| 
Come not within the measure of my wrath : 
Do not name Silvia thine : if once again, 
Verona shall not hold thee.* Here she 8tandS| 
Take but possession of her with a touch ;— 

1 dare thee but to breathe upon my love. 

Thu, Sir Valentine, I care not tor her, I ; 
I hold him but a fool, that will endanger 
His body for a girl that loves him not : 
I claim ncr not, and therefore she is thine. 

Duke. 'Hie more degenerate and base art thou. 
To make such means' Tor her as thou hast done. 
And leave her on such slight conditions. — 
Now, by the honour of my ancestry, 
I do applaud thy spirit, Valentine, 
And tnink thee worthy of an empress' love. 
Know then, I here forget all former grie&, 
Cancel all grudge, repeal thee home again.-* 
Plead a now state in thy unrivallM merit. 
To which I thus subscribe, — Sir Valentine, 

5 i. e. of her heart, the allusion to archer j ia rontinu* 
ed, and to cleaving the pin in shoocini^ st the butts. 

• *' Verona shall not hold thee," is the reading of the 
onlv authentic copy. Theobald proposed the reading. 
<* Allan shall not behold thee," which has been adopted 
by all subsequent editors, but there is no authority for 
the chanee. If the reading is erroneous, Shakspieara 
must be held accountable for this as well as some other 
errors in his early productions. 

7 <* 7b nutke tueh meano for her," to mske sucn Ui* 
terett fbr, to take such disingenuous pains about her 

MESBT wim OriPVinMMB. 

llioa «it a leaitctoUB, aid w«n dem*d; 
Mm thoa thy SUvia, fbr thoa Imt deferr'd b«r. 
FdL I thank your (race ; tfia gift hath auule ne 

Isoir beiMab yon, for your daii|liter*t take^ 
TojraBt one moo that 1 ihaU aik of you. 

iKiikt. I grant it for tfaino own, wfaate'er it be. 

FeL These baniahM men, that I have kept withal. 
Are men endued with worthy qoalitiee ; 
JVIdnive them what they have comnutted here, . 
Am let them be recaird fimm their eiHe: 
Thay are reformed, dril, full of good, 
AndT fit forgreat employment, wmiy lord. 

JMt. llfoa hatt prevul'd: I pardon them, and 
Diipoee of them, aa then know'it their deeerti. 
Come, let Hi go; we win include all jara* 
With triumphs,' mirth, and rare solemnity. 

VtL Aqo, as we walk along, I dare be bold 
Whh our dieeourse to make your grace to smile : 
What think you of this page, my lord ? 

/Me. I think the boy hath grace in him; he 

FoL I warrant yon, my lord: more grace than boy. 

XMbe. What meanyon by that saying? 

V§L Please you. ru tell too as we pass along^ 
That you will wonder what oath fortuned.— 
Come, Proteus ; 'tis your penance, but to hear 
The story of your lores discovered : 
That done, one day of marriage shall be yours ; 
One foast, one house, one mutual h^piness. 


1 Mdude is here used for conclude. Thto is another 
of Shakqware's Larinlsms : ** inekuhf to tfncluds, to 
shut In, 10 dose hk"— Ooqper. 

t TVAMifiAs are psfsanis, such as masks and shows. 

[In this play Asre k a sknga mlttvi of KbowJMia 
and Ignoranee, of can and nsgflgenea. The vanHea 
ikm iaoAea-exesUeot, iheaOiims SN Issnad and Jma . 
tniT Thn BTithnr rnnriji hti hrnrti kjata frirm ans hilanf 
towntoanothsrfaithesanMeouaciy.i ka plaoaa the am 
peter at Milan, and sanda hia yoong aMR 10 anaai Mb. 
but noTsr memkma bUn move: ha iMkae ftwana, alsi 
an tntenrtew wkh Sihia, aay be haa enlj aaan bar jie^ 
cure ; and, if we may eredk the oM c o p iaa. he hmClgr 
mistaking plBces, left his sesnaty taaaBrlcaMa. Tha 
reason of aU this conMoa seems 10 be, that ks mek Mi 
sioty from a novel, wUek ke samertmaa fcDewad, and 
sometimes forsook, sometimes ranaaBhsiad^ and aossa- 

Thai this pUy is rightly sttrlboied to ttakapsaie,! 
have little doulic. IfitbetskenfiramhfaB,lowhoiaAall 
it be given? This question may be asksdoTall ihedifr 
puted {days, azcepi JTINS A n k wm it m»: aodkwfDha 
found mere cre^le, that Shakapaan mighc i 



Johnson's general leauurkaon tlilBiilajanJaai|ax» 
cept that pan In which be arraigns the eenduol er the 
poet, for making Proteus say he bad only aaaa fhajple- 
ture of SUvIa, when It appeara that be bad had a pr 
■onal interview with her. This however la not a bhmdsr 
of ShakBpears*s, but a mistaka of JehasoB>a, who esa- 
•iders the posssge alluded to bi a more Ikaral anaa thaa 
the author bMBodedfc. 8ir Proteus, k is mm, had sssa 
Silvia for a Aw mements ; but ihMgh ba eoald Ana 
from thence some idea of her person, m was still vnse- 
quainted with her temper, maonera, and the <|ualUeB of 
her mind. He therefore consider i Mmsslf aa bavfaigsssa 
her picture only w— The thought hi Just, ami s l e i aa lf y 
expressed.— So, tai The Seonafbl Lady, Urn aMarl«fa> 
less says to her : 

I was mad once, when I loved 

For what are shape and edouri aiaa, 




A FEW of the incMents of this Coroedy mirht have 
^^ been taken from an old translaUon of n Peetrone 
a O k w u m i Fforentfno. The same story is to be met 
WlA la * The Fortonatef the Deceived, and the Unfbr. 
Canate Lovers, 1883.' A somewluu similar one occun in 
the Piaeevoli Nottidi Straparoia, Notte iv. Facola iv. 

The adventures of Falataff seem to have been taken 
from die story of the lovers of Pisa in * Tarleton's Ne wee 
out of Purgatorie,' bL L no date, but entered on the 
Statlonen* books In 1890. The fishwife's tale, in 
'Westward for Smelts.* a bonlc fnm. which Shakspeare 
borrowed pan of the fable of Cymbeline, probably led 
him to lay the Scene at Windsor. 

Mr. Malooe thinlcsthat the rollowing line in the earli* 
est edition of this cnmedy, * Sail like my pinnace to those 
golden shores,* shows that it was written aAer Sir Wal- 
ler Raleigh's return from Ouiana in 1506. 

The first edition of the Merry Wives of Windsor was 
printed in 100-2, and it was probably written in 1001, after 
lbs two parts of King Henry IV . beinc. as it is said, com- 
possd at the desire of Queen KHzabetn,* in order to ex- 
hfl>k FalstafT in love, when ail the plessantry which he 
ooukl aflbrd in any other situation was sxhausted. 

It may not be thuugiu so clear that it was written after 
King Henry V. Nym and Bardolph srs both hanged 
In that play, yet appear in Merry Wives of Windsor. 

* This story seems to have l>een first mentioned by 
Dennis in the Dedication to his alteration of this play, 
undsr ths Utis of < The Comical Oaliant.* * This Co- 
IBsdy,* says he, * was written at Queen £lisabeth*s 
OOBsmsod, and by her direction, and she was so eager 
la sss it acted that she commanded it to be finished in 
/wrfem dmue ; and was afterwards, as tradition teils 
US, vary weU plsased at the representation.* The in- 
ftroMtion probably came originally trom. Dryden, who, 
ftom his intimacy with Sir w. Davsnant, had opportu- 
bMss of toaming many pertkuisw fonceming Shak- 

Falstaff is disgraced in King Hsnry IT. Part H. and disp 
in King Henry V. Yet in the Merry Wives of Wbidssr 
hs talks as if be was still in favour at court. ** If fe. 
should come to the ear of the court bow I hava 
transformed," kc : and Page diseounisnances Fei 
addresses to his daughter, 6se0iis» ks k^ 
with the wild Prinee and wiik Porno, ~' 

stances seem to favour the supposition that this play wa9 
written between the first and second parts of KIqi:Bsd 
rylV. But that it was not written then may be coueemA 
from the tradition alwve mentioned. The truth, proba* 
bly is, that though it ought to be read (as Dr. Johnson eb- 
served, ) lietween the second pan ofHeiaglF. and Hearer 
y. it was witten after King Henry V Jtt^Aer 0hak- 
speare had killed FalstafL In eosdi^^^ the rsjal 
commands, having revived him, he MV|p aeeeeaai^ 
at the same time to revive all tboes pe rsona whh whom 
he was wont to be exhibited ; Nym, Bardolph. Ffatol, 
and the Page : and disposed of them as ns found K 
convenient without a strict regard to their skoaUona er 
cstastrophes in former plays. 

Mr. Malone thinks that The Merry Wlveaof Wladssr 
was revised and enlarged by the audior alker fca 
production. The old editk>n, m lOQi, like thac of ] 

been ascertained : some passages bi the enlarrad eo«f 
may assist conjecture on the subject, but "rMhlnf daci* 
slvs can ho concluded from such svidcnoe. 

This comedy was not prinisd bi ks preaai 
1038, when k was published wkh Ike real of 
speare*s plays in folio. Tbs taaperibci oopf of MIS 
again printed in 1010. 

t Mr. Boaden thinks that ths 
the story of the drama in this old 
that it was impsrftctly taken dvim 



n« bucle anl TtilBCf of tht Incfdrnts, Um rich aa- 
madAdM of chancfan, and the skilful conduct of the 
Btot or this dellgfatfu^ comedy, are unrivalled in any 
onuDa, ancient or modem. 

FatataiT, the faiimitahle Fmlalaff. here afain ' larda the 
.mm aawh' * a butt and a wit, abumourlat, and a roan 
•f humour, a louehsione and a laaghinf-aiock, a Jester 
Mi » Jasi the moat perfect ^mic chwacier that ever 

exhibited.* The jeatona Ford, the mrmious Pan,' 
and their two jorous wires are admirsbiy drawn.— .Sir 
Hugh £Tans utd Doctiw' Cahis no less so, and the duel 
scene between them irresistibly comic. The swagger- 
in; jolly Boniface mine host of die Oacter; and last, 
though not least, BCastsr filender and his cousin Shal- 
low, are euch a group as were never yet equalled by 
the pen or pencU of genlua. 


8rm JoHir FALarArr. 

Shallow, a auntry 
SLXirDcm, Cbiism <o Shallow. 

IflliPA^' |lioeg«rfitaMndio0ttmg'arWiadaor. 

Willi amPaok, a Btw^Son to Mr. Page. 
Sis Hugh EvAira, a fvMi Parmnu 
Dr. Caiits, a FrenA Pk^fndan, 
Boti ^ lAt ChrUr Jtm, 


PiaTOL, > JFUZowertof Falataff. 
Ntm,^ S 

RoBiw, Page to FalataC 
SiMPLs, Sirvant to Stender. 
RuflfiT, Sertxmi to Dr. Oaiua. 

Mks. Fdsd. 
Mrs. Paok. 
MRa. Annk Paox, her JDtmghtWf Is Inw wkh 

Fen ton. 
MRa. Quickly, Stnumt la Dr. Caiiia. 

flvrMMli to PfigO| Fordy ^<. 

SCENE, Windsor, tmd tho Pmi» a^foemL 


SCENE I. Windsor. Jf^ore Page's House. 
MinUr JuancR Shallow, slkkdzr, and Sir' 
Hfron Eta HI. * 

ShaL Sir Hugh, persuade me not ; I will make 
% Star-chamber matter of it : if he were twenty Sir 
John Falataffs, ha ahall not abuae Robert Shallow, 

SUn. In the eoimtj of Gk>ster, justice of peace, 

ShaL Ay, oouain Slender, and Curt^-^^Unum,* 

Skn. Ay, and ratolorvm too ; and a gentleman 
bom, master parson; who writes himself orm^ero/ 
in any bill, warrant, quittance, or obligation, armi" 


8hoL Ay. that I do ; and have done' any time 
tfiese three hundred years. 

8kn, All hia successors, gone before him, have 
done't ; and all his ancestors, that come after him, 
■my : they may give the dozen white lucaa in their 

ShaL It ia an old coat 

Eva, 'Hie dozen white louses do become an old 
well ; it agreea well, passant : it ia a iamiKar 
H to man, imd ngnifies— love. 

Wui, The luce ia ibe freah fiah ; the aalt fiah ia 
IB old coat.* 

SIsn. I may quarter, cox ? 

SkeL Too may, by marrying. 

Eva, It ia marrying indeed, if be quarter it* 

ShaL Not a whit. 

Eva. ll^bpe'r-lady ; if he haa a quarter of your 
•oat, tkuKP but three skirts for yourself in my 
ibnMe dlifMtnres : but that u all one : Vmi John 
Fautaff have comnutted disparagements unto you, 
I am of the church, and will be glad to do my be- 
■evolence, to make atonements and compromiaea 
between i^HL 

Skd, The Council* shall hear it ; it ia a riot. 

Eva, It is not meet the Council hear a riot ; there 
ii Boiear of Got in a riot : the Council, look vou, 
ahall deaire to hear the fear of Got, and not to bear 

a riot ; take your vizaments* in that. 
»— ■ ■ 

1 Sir, was a title fTmeily applied to priests and cu« 
Mas cnierally. Jkmnnua being the academical title of 
aBaehetor (bas chevalier) of Arts, was usually render- 
ad by Sfr in English, and as most clerical persons had 
taken thai decree, it became usual to style them Sir. 

9 A C(»Tupiion of Cuttoa Ratulorum. It seems doubt- 
Ihl whether Shakspeare designed Shallow to make this 
a, for though be gives him folly enough, he 
him rather pedantic than illiterate. Unleas we 
je, with Mr. Mak>ne, thai it might have been hi- 
to ridicule the abbreviations used in writs, te. 

ShaL Ha ! o' my Hfe, if I were young agam, the 
iword ahould end it. 

Eva, It is potter that frienda ia the aword, and 
end it : and there is alao another device in my prain. 

S'isn. Mistress Anne Page ? She naa brown hair, 
and speaks small* like a woman. 
Eva. It is that fery peraoa for all the 'orld, aa 

just aa you will deaire ; and aeventapdred pounda 
of moneys, and gold, ami ailver, I^Mer grandsire, 
upon his deatli's &d (Got deliver tomjoyful resur- 

rections I) give, when she is able to overtake aeven- 
teen yeara old : it were a goot motion, if we leave 
our pribblea and prabbles, and desure a nmrria^e be- 
tween master Abraham and mistress Anne Page. 

ShaL Did her grandaire leave her aeven hunored 

Eva. Ay, and her father b make her a potter 

ShaL I know the young gentlewoman ; ahe haa 
good gifts. 

Eva. Seven hundred poimda, and poeaibilitiee, b 
good gifts. 

Shal. Well, let us see honest master Page : Is 

Eva. Shall I tell you a Ke 7 I do despise a liar, 
aa I do deapise one that is foiae : or, aa I despise 
one that ia not true. The knight. Sir John, is there ; 
and, I beseech you, be ruled by vour well-willera. 
I will peat the door [Jbaodb] tor master Page. 
What, noa I Got pleaa your house here ! 

Enter Paox« 

Pag€. Who's there? 

Eva, Here is Got's plessing, and yonr friend, 
and justice Shallow : aiid here young master Slen- 
der ; that, peradventuresy shall tell you another tale, 
if mattera grow to yoor likinga. 

Paige. I am glad to aee your worships well : I 
thank you for my venison, master Shallow. 

Shot, Master Page, I am glad to see you ; Much 

S i. e. all the Shallows have done. 
4 It seems that the latter part of Uile spsech should be 
slven to Sh- Hugh. Slwllow has juat befors said the coat 
is an old one ; and now, that k Is < the luce, the timlh 
Ash.* No, replies the parson, it cannot be old and ft'esh 
too—' the salt fish Is an oM coat.* Shakspeare is sup* 
posed to allude to the arms of Sb* Thoipas Lucy, who Is 
said to have prosecuted him for a misdemeanor in hia 
yomh, and whom he now ridiculed under the cHaracicff 
of Jusf ^'^e Shallow. 

0The .onrt of Star-chamber li] 

Advlaement. 7 8o^ 




Kod do it your cood heart ! I wished yonr venison 
tter ; it was iu lall'd : — How doth good mistress 
Fs|e 7 — and I lore* you always with my heart, la ; 
witn my hearL 

Page. Sir, I thank you. 

SkaL Sir, I thank you ; by yea and no, I do. 

Pmgt. I am glad to see you, good master Slender. 

81m. How does your fallow greyhound, sir 7 I 
heard say, he was out-run on CotsaJe.* 

Pag€, It could not be judg'd, sir. 

Sim. Tou'U not confess, you'll not confess. 

Shot. That he will not ;— >tisyour fault, 'tis 
&ult : — 'Tis a good dog. 

Pag€. A cur, sir. 

S^. Sir, he's a sood dog, and a (air dog ; Can 
there be more said / he b good, and iair. — ^Is Sir 

Page. Sir, he is within ; and I would I could do 
a good office between you. 

j^M. It is spoke as a christians ought to speak. 

ShtU. He hath wrong'd me, master Page. 

Page. Sir, he doth in some sort confess it. 

Shed. If it be confess'd, it is not redress'd ; is not 
that so. master F^ge 7 He hath wronj^d me ; indeed 
he hatn : — at a word, he hath ; — ^boliove me ; — Ro- 
bert Shallow, esquire, saith he is wrong'd. 

Page. Here comes Sir John. 

EnUr Sis Jobit FAL9TArr, Bakdolph, Ntm, 

and Pistol. 

JU. Now, master Shallow ; youll complain of 
BM to the kins 7 

Shal. Knimt, you have beaten my men, killed 
way deer, and broke open my lodge. 

fbl. But not kiss'd vour keeper's daughter 7 

Shai. Tut. a pin ! this shall oe answer'd. 

Pal. I will answer it straight ;^I have done all 
diis : — That is now answer'd. 

Shal. The Council shall know this. 

Fal. Twtf^better for you, if it were known in 
counsel : yovjilte laugh'd at. 

Eva. Pauea ver6a. Sir John, good worts. 

PbU. Good worts!' good cabbage. — Slender, I 
broke your head ; What matter ha^e you against me 7 

SUn, Marry, sir, I have matter in my head against 
you : and agunst your concr-catching^ rascals, 
Baraolph, Nym, ana Pistol. They carried me to 
the tavern, and made me drunk, and afterwards 
picked my pocket. 

Bar. You Banbury cheese!* 

SUn. Ay, it is no matter. 

Put. How now, Mephostophilus 7' 

Slen. Ay, it is no matter. 

Nym. Slice, I say ! pauca, pauca;^ slice ! that's 
my humour. 

Slen. Where's Simple, my man 7 can you tell, 
cousin 7 

Eva. Peace: I pray you! Now let us under- 
■tand : There is three umpires in this matter, as I 
mderstand : that is — master PagCy JldeHcet^ master 
Page; and there is myself, /ar/tccT, myself; and 
the three party is, lastly and finally, mme host of 
the Garter. 

Page. We three, to hear it, and end it between 

1 First folio. I thank. The reading in the text is 
ftom the 4tn. 1619. 

3 The Cotswold Hills in OIoucfRtershire, famous for 
their ftne turf, and therefore excellent for coursing. 

S Worts was the ancient term for all the cabbage 

4 A common name for cheats and sharpers in the 
time of Elizabeth. ' By a metaphor takAn from those 
that rob warrrns and eonie grounds.* — Minahew^a Diet. 

Safcl in allusion to the thin carcass of Slender. So, 
In Jack Drum's Entertainment, 1801. "Put off vour 
clodies, and you are like a Banbury CheetCt nothing 
but pari nc.** 

The iiame of a spirit, or familiar, in the old story 
book of FauHtus : to whom there is another alluskm 
Act ii. 8c 2. It was a cam phrase, probably, for an ugly 

7 Few words. 

8 Mill sixpences were used as counters: snd King 
Edward's shillings used in the game of sbuffle>board. 

n make a jprier< 
afterwards 'oiii 

cause with as great discreetly as we can. 

JW. Pistol,^ 

Pitt. He bears with ear*. 

Eva. The teril and his tarn I whatphraaebthi^ 
Be heart with ear 7 Why, it is affectations. 

Pat. PistoL did you pick master Blender's paraaf 

Slen. Ay, by these gloves, did he (or I would I 
might never come in mine own great chamber a^un 
else,) of seven groats in mill-sixpencea, and twc 
Edward shovet-boards,* that cost me two shilEbBg 
and twopence a^piece of Tead Miller, by ' 

Fal. Is this true, Pistol 7 

Eva. No ; it is &lse, if it is a pick-purse. 

Pitt. Ha, thou mountain-fbrngner f—iStr 
and master mine, 
I combat challenge of this lattes bilbo :* 
Word of denial in thy labras*" here ; 
Word of denial ; froth and scum, thou liaat. 

Slen. By these gloves, then 'twas he. 

Nym. Be avised, sir, and pass good hmnoan : I 
will say, marry^ tn^j with you, ifyou run the an^ 
hook's* ^ humour on me : tliat is the very note of iL 

Slen. By this hat, then he in the red race had it: 
for though I cannot remember what I did when yon 
made mo drunk, yet I am not altogether an ass. 

Fal. What sa]r you. Scarlet and John 7 

Bard. Why, sir, for my part, I say, the geBl]»> 
man had drunk himself out (k his five sentenoea. 

Eva. It u his five senses : fie, what the igno* 
ranee is ! 

Bead. And being fap,'* sir, was, as they saT. 
cashier'd ; and so conclusions passM the careiraa.** 

SUn. Ay, vou soake in Latin then too ; but "tiv 
no matter : I'll ne'er be drunk whilst I live again, 
but in honest, civil, godly company, for this tnck : 
If I be drunk, I'll be drunk with those that hava 
tho iear of God, and not with drunken knaves. 

Eva. So Got *udge me, that is a virtuous mind. 

Fal. Tou hear aU these matters denied, gentle- 
men ; you hear it. 

Enter Mistrkss Aicite Paoc, loicA totne; Mi»- Ford and Mistress Paoe/oOsioh^. 

Page. Nay, daughter, carry the wine in ; we'll 
drink within. [Exit ANifs Paox. 

Slen. O heaven ! this is mistress Anne Page. 

Page. How now, mistress Ford 7 

Fal. Mistress Ford, by my troth, you are veiy 
well met : by your leave, good mistress. 

[Idaaing her. 

Page. Wife, bid these gentlemen welcome to- 
Come, wo have a hot venison pasty to dinner : 
come, gentlemen, I hope we shall dnnk down all 

[Extunl oUbutSHkL. Sleivdkr, and EvAire. 

Sltn. I had rather than forty shillings I had my 
book of Songs and Sonnets'* here :— 

Enter Simple. 

How now, Simple ! where have you bMB? I mutt 
wait on my self, must I ? Tou have not The Book 
of Biddlee about you, have you ? 

9 Lattent from the Fr. Laiton, Brass. BilbOj firom 
Bilboa in Spain where fine sword blades were made. 
Pistol therefore calls Slender a teeak blade of 6ose 
metal, as one of brass would be. 

10 Lips. 

1 1 Metaphorically a bailiff* or constable, who hooiks or 
seizes debtors or malefactors with a staff or otherwise. 
The meaning apparently is, * if you try to bring me to 

13 Fap was evidently a cant term for Foolish. It may 
have been derived from tho Italian Vappay which Flo- 
rio explains *' any wine that hath lost nis force : used 
also for a man or teoman toithout toit or reason.** In 
Hution's DicL 15S3, one of the meanings of the Latin 
Vappa is a Dissard or foolish man. fcc. 

13 A military phrase for running' tne charge in a tour 
nament or attack ; here used metaphorically. 

14 Slender means a popular book of SnAks|ieare*a 
time, " Songes and Sonne ttes, written by the Earle of 
Surrey and others," and published by Touei in 1M7 




&nn. Book of BUdUa ! why. did you not lend it 
to Alice Shortcake upon AlUuiilowoiM last, a fortp 
■i|^t afore Michaelmas V 

ahal. Come, oqz ; come, cox ; we stay for you. 
A word with you, coz : marry this, coz : There is, 
■a 'twere, a tender, a kind of tender, made afar on* 
bj Sir Hugh here ; — Do you understand me 7 

8lm. Ay. sir, you shau find me reasonable ; if it 
b< ao, I shau do that that is reason. 

imoL Nay, but understand me. 

flZoi. So 1 do, nr. 

JBva. Give ear to his motions, master Slender : I 
will descrq>tion the matter to you, if you be capacity 
of it. 

Atm. Nay, I will do as mv cousin Shallow says : 
I jMray you, pardon me ; he's a justice of peace in 
hia coimtry, simple though I stand here. 

.£00. But this is not toe question ; the question 
M concemmg your marriage. 

8haL Ay, toere's the point, dr. 

Eva. Blarry, is it ; the very point of it ; to mis- 

Ms Anne Pa^e. 

Skn. Why, if it be so, I will marry her upon 
■ay reasonable demands. 

J?«o. But can you affection the 'oman ? Let us 
eonmand to know that of your mouth, or of jour 
Iqw ; for divers philosophers hold that the lips is 
parcel* of the mouth ; — ^Therefore, precisely, can 
yoa carry your good will to the maid? 

ShaL Cousin Abraham Slender, can you love 


SUn. I hope, sir,^ will do as it shall become 
one that would do reason. 

Eva. Nay, Oot*s lords and his ladUes, you must 
apeak possiiable, if you can carry her your desires 
towarcb her. 

Shal. That voy must : Will you, upon good dow- 
ry, marry her f 

Slen, I will do a (^ater thing than that, upon 
your request, cousin, m any reason. 

8hal. y^LYf rcHiceive me, conceive me, sweet coz ; 
what I do is to pleasure you, coz : Can you love the 

SUn. I will marry her^ sir, at your request ; but 
if there be no great love in the beginning, yet heap 
yen may decrease it upon better acquaintance, when 
we are married, and nave more occasion to know 
one another : I hope upoii familiarity will grow more 
contempt: but if you say. marry hetj I will marry 
lier, that I am freely dissolved, and dissolutely. 

Eva. It is a fery discretion answer ; save the faul* 
is in the *ort dissolutely : the 'ort is, according to 
oar meaumg, resolutely ; — his meaning is good. 

Shal. Ay, I think my cousin meant well. 

SUn, Ay, or else I would I might be hanged, la. 

Re-enter Anne Page. 

ShaL Here comes fair mistress Anne : — ^Would 
I were young for your sake, mistress Anne ! 

Anne. The dinner is on the table ; my father de- 
sirea your worships' company. 

Shal, 1 win wait on him, fair mistress Anne. 

Eva. Od's plessed will ! I will not be absence at 
the grace. 

[Exeunt Shallow and Sis H. Evans. 

Amne. Will't please jrour worship to come in, sir? 

SUn. No, I tnank you, forsooth, heartily ; I am 
twy well. 

Anne. The dinner attends you, sir. 

SUn, I am not a^hungry, I thank you, forsooth : 

I This is an intended blunder. Theobald would in 
sadness have corrected it to Martlemas. 

3 I. e. part^ a law term, of\en used in conjunction 
wicb its synon jme. 

S It was Ttirmerlv the custom in England for persons 
10 be attended at dinner by their own servants wherever 
diey dined. 

4 MaetM- oj fence here sljrnifles not mf rely a Tenclnfl^- 
ler, but a person who had taken his roaster's de> 

in the science. There were three degrees, a mas* 
, a provn9t*s, and a scholar^s. For esch or these a 
|>1a« was played with various weapons, in some open 
place or square. Tarlton the player * was allowed a 
* on the :i%l of October, ld87, * he being ofdinary 

C}o, nrrah, for all you are my man, go, wait apoo 
my cousin Shallow^ [Exit Simple.] A justice 01 
peace sometimes may be beholden to hia fric^ for a 
man :•— I keep but three men and a boy yet. till my 
mother be dead : But what though? yet I live liko 
a poor gentleman bom. 

Anne. I may not go in without your worship: 
they will not sit till you come. 

alen. Ffaith. Til eat nothing; I thank yoo %m 
much as thougn I did. 

Anne, I pray you, sir, walk in. 

Slen, I had nther walk here, I thank you: I 
bruised my shin the other day wiu paying at aword 
and dagger with a master of fence,* tKree veneya* 
for a £«i of stewed prunes ; and, by my troth, I 
camiot abide the smeU of hot meat since. Why do 
your dogs bark so? be there bears i* the townt^ 

Anne. I think there are, sir ; I heard them talk- 
ed of. 

SUn, I love the sport well ; but I shall at socm 
quarrel at it as any man in England: — ^Yon aro 
afraid if you see the bear loose, are you not ? 

Anne, Ay, indeed, sir. 

SUn, That's meat and drink to me now : I havo 
seen Sackerson* loose twen^ times ; and have 
taken him by ^e chain : but^ I warrant you, the 
women have so cried and shriekM at it^ that it 
pass'd:^ — ^but women, indeed, cannot dbide 'em; 
they are very ill-favourd rougn thuiga. 

Re-enter Page. 

PcM's. Come, gentle master Slender, come ; wo 
stay for you. 

SUn. Ill eat nothing ; I tfiank you, air. 

Page, By cock and pye,* you ahaU not chooaeii 
sir : come, come. 

SUn, Nay, pray you, lead the way. 

Po^e. Come on. sir. j^ 

Sim, Mistress Anne, yourself iMbD firat. 

Anne, Not I, sir ; pray you, keefrll. 

SUn. Truly, I will not go first, truly, la : I will 
not do you that wrong. 

Anne. I prey you, sir. 

SUn. I'll ratiier be unmanneriy than troubleaome : 
you do yourself wrong, indeed, fa. [ExtMnt. 

SCENE n. The eame. Enter Sin Hvqh EvAXf 

and Simple. 

Eva. Go your ways, and ask of Doctor Caius* 
house, which u the way : and there dwells one mis* 
tress Quickly, which is in the manner of his nurse, 
or his dry nur«e, or his cook, or hia latmdry,* hb 
washer, and his wringer. 

Simp, Well, sir. 

Eva. Nay, it is petter yet : ^give her this 

letter ; for it is a 'oman that altogether's acquain- 
tance with mistress Anne Page : and the lettpr is, 
to desire and require her to solicit your master's 
desires to mistress Anne Page : I pray you, b^ 
gone. I will make an end of^my dinner : there's 
pippins and cheese to come. \ExeunL 

SCENE m. A Room in the Oarter Inn. Enter 
Falstaff, Host, Bajidolph, NvM, Pistol^ 
and RoBiir. 

Fal. Mine host of the Garter,— 

Rut. What says my bully-rook? Spoak icho- 
larly, and wisely. 

fhl. Truly, mine host, I must turn away aomo 
of my followers. 

grame of her majesty^s chamber.* The unfortunate 
Robert Oreeoe played his snaster^s prize at Leadenhall 
with three weapons, Itc. The MS. from which this 
information is derived is a Register belonging to some 
of the Schools of the noble Science of Defence, among 
the Sloane MSS.— Jfn7. Mus. No. 3530. zxvi. D. 

5 Veney, or Venue, Fr. a touch or hit in the body at 
fencing, lie. 

6 The name of a bear exhibited at Paris Oardan, in 

7 i. e. passed all ezpresrion. 

8 By cock and pye was a popuiar adjuration Bat 
Note on Henry IV. P. 3, Act \ 8c. 1. 

9 i. e. launaer, fhnntha Fr LawmdUn. 



HatL Discard, bully Hercules; cashier; let 
tliem wag ^ trot, trot. 

/W. I sit at ten pounds a week. 

j&btf. 'niouht an emperor, Caesar. Ketsar,' and 
Fbeexar, I will entertain BardoliA j ne shall draw, 
m shall tap : said I well, bully Hector? 

Fal. Do so, good mine host. 

HotA. I have spoke ; let him follow : Let me see 
Uiee froth, and lime :* I am at a word ; follow. 

[Exit Host 

J^. Bar^lph, follow him ; a tapster is a good 
trade : an old cloak makes a new jerkin ; a with- 
ered serring^man, a fresh tapster : Go ; adieu. 

Bard. It IS a life that I have desired ; I will 
Uuive. [E*U Bard. 

Pitt. O base <}ongarian wight! wilt thou the 
•pifot wield ? 

Jnym. He was |[otten in drink : Is not the humour 
conceited 7 His mmd is not heroic, and there's the 
humour of it. 

jFU. I am glad I am so accpiit of this tinder-box ; 
his thefts were too open : his filching was tike an 
unskilful singer, he kept not time. 

Njfm. The good humour is, to steal at a minute's 

Pitt. Convey, the wise it call: Steal! fdi ; a 
6eo* for the phrase ! 

J^. Well, sirs, I am almost out at heels. 

Pist. Why then let kibes ensue. 

fioL There is no remedy ; I must coney-catch ; 
I must shifl. 
mPitL Young ravens must have food. 

/W. Which of you know Ford of this town? 

Piat. I ken the wight ; he is of substance good. 

Ftd* My honest laids, I will tell you what I am 

PiaL Two yards, and more. 

Fat. No quips now. Pistol ; indeed I am in the 
waist two JVids about ; but I am now about no 
waste: I s& about thrin. Briefly, I do mean to 
make love to Ford's wife ; I spy entertainment in 
her ; she discourses, she carves,* she gives the leer 
of invitation : I can construe the action of her fami- 
liar style, and the hardest voice of her beha^our, to 
be English'd rightly, v^ I am Sir John FaUtqff^a. 

Piat. He hath studied hor well^ and translated 
her well ; out of honesty into English. 

Num. The anchor is deep : will that humour 

F\d. Now. the report goes, she has all the rule of 
her husband's purse ; she hath legions of angels.' 

Piat. As many devils entert^ ; and. To her^ boy^ 
say I. 

Nj/m. The humour rises ; it is good ; humour mo 
the angels. 

Fal. I have writ me here a letter to her : and here 
another to Page's wife ; who even now gave mo good 
eyes too, examined my parts with most judicious 
eyliads :* sometimes the beam of her view gilded 
my foot, sometimes my portly belly. 

1 K^ynar old spoiling for CiDsar, the general word 
for an emperor. Kings and Keysars is an old phrase 
In very common use, Pherzar, a made word from 
Pheeze, in fho Induction to Taming of a Shrew. 

Q To froth beer and to lime sack were tapster's 
tricks. Mr. Steevens says the first was done by putting 
soap m the bottom of the tankard ; the other by mixing 
lime with the wine to make it sparkle in the fflass. 

8 * A Aco for the phrase.' See K. Henry Iv. Part 9. 
•A. 8. 

4 It seems to have been a mark of kindness when a 
lady carved to a gentleman. So, in Vittoria Corom* 
bona : *' Your husband is wondrous discontented. Vit. 
I did nothing to displease him, I carved to him at sup- 
per lime.'* 

6 Gold coin. 

OdUades. French. Ogles, wanton looks of the 
eyoi. CoCffrave translates it, *■ to cast a sheep's eye.' 

7 What distinguishes the languages of Nym from that 
of the other aueiuiants on Falataff is the constant repeti- 
tion of this phrase. In the time of Shakspeare such an 
affectation seems to have been suiGcient to mark a char> 
•cter. Some modem dramatists have also thought so. 

8 i. e. suention. 

9 Eacheatour, an oiBcer in the Ezchectuer 

Piat. Then did the sub oa dogUU i 

NsfM. I thank thee for that himoar.* 

FuL O, she did so course o^er my w te r b w win 
such a greedy intention," that the appedto of bir 
eye did seem to scorch me up Hke a bunriaf ^tm\ 
Here's another letter to her . she be«rs the puns 
too : she is a region in Guiana| all gold and bwB^. 
I will be cheater* to them both, ami they dwU m 
exchequers to me ; they shall be my East and Wait 
Indies, and I will trade to them both. Oo, bssr 
thou tnis letter to mistress Page ; and thoa this to 
mistress Ford : we will thrive, lads, we will durrn. 

Piat. Shall I Sir Pandarus of Troy becona, 
And by my side wear steel 7 then, iMaSer tam all 

Nym. I will run no base humour^ here, take the 
humour*letter; I will keep the liavioar of repvta* 

Fal. Hold, sirrah [to Rob.,] bear you Hmm tet- 
ters tightly j^^ % 
Sail like my pinnace** to these golden abortir— 
Rogues, hence avaunt ! vanish like hailstones, go ; 
Trudge, plod, away, o' the hoof; seek flMmr, 

Falstaff will learn the hmnoinr of this ase, 
French thrift, you rogues ; inyself^ and skirted pags- 

[£xeunt FALSTArr aatd Robiv. 

Piat, Let vultures eripe thy guts!** fiv gourd and 
ftillam*^ holasy 
And high and low beguile the rich and poor : 
Tester** Pll have in pouch, when thou shall ladk, 
Base Phrygian Turk ! 

JVym. I nave operations in n^ head, wbioh hm 
humours of revenge. 

Piat. Wilt thou revence? 

Nym. By welkin, ana her star! 

Put. With wit, or steel? 

Nym. With both the humours. I : 
I will discuss the humour of this love to Page 

Piat. And I to Ford shall eke unfoM, 
How Falstaff, varlet vilcu 
His dove will prove, his gold will bold. 
And his soft coucn dome. 

Nym. My humour shall not cool : I will incenae*^ 
Page to deal with poison : I will possess him with, 
yellowness," for the revolt of mien is dangeroui: 
that is my true humour. 

Piat. Thou art the Mars of malcontents : I ae* 
cond thee ; troop on. [EjttuiU 

SCENE TY. A Roam in Dr. Gains' flimse. Eh 
ter Mrs. Quickly, Simplx, and Ruasr. 

Quick. What ; John Rugby !— I pray thee, go ta 
the casement, and see if you can see my master. 
master Doctor Caius, coming: if he do, iHaith, and 
find any body in the house, here will be an old 
abusing of God's patience, and the kind's English. 

Rug. ril go watch. [Exit Ruobt. 

Qwck. Go ; and we*1l have a posset for't soon at 
night, in ftuth, at the latter end of a sea-coal 

10 Cleverly, adroitly. 

11 A pinnace vfBui A ]i£^ht vessel built for speed, and 
was also called a Bri^antine. Under the words Cato- 
scopium and Celox m Hutton^s Dictionary, 1683, we 
have * a Brifantine or Pinnaeey a lieht ship that gotHh 
to espie.' Hence the word is used ?or a §ro-between. 
In Ben Jonson's Bartholomew Fair, Justice Overde 
says of the pig-woman, *' She has been before met 
punk, pinnace J and bawd, any lime these isro and 
twenty years." 

li A burlesaue on a passage in Tamburlaine, or the 
Scythian Shepherd 

" and now doth ghastly death 

With greedy talons gripe my bleeding heart. 
And like a narper tyers on my life." 
Again, ibid, 

" Griping our bowels with retorted thoughts.** 
13 In Decker's Bellman of London. 1640, among tha 
false dice are enumerated < a bale of rullams ' — * a bala 
of gordes, with as many high men as low meivfbr pas- 
sage.' The false dice were chiefly made at Fubam, 
hence the name. The manner in which the> wera 
made is described in The Complete Qamester, 18I8« 
U Sixpence I'll have in pocket. 16 Instigata. 
10 Jealousy. 



Am hojMil, wiUbi^, UmI feHow, m ever tenruit ■hall 
come in hotwe wmmI ; and^ I wammt you, no tell* 
laby nor bo breed-bate : * hit wont &alt is^ that he 
it gif«B to prayer ; be it eomething peensh* that 
way : but nobodj but baa his fault ; — but let that 
pMB. Peter Bin^iie, tou say, jour name ii? 

Mm. Ay, for a fltuit ofa beuer. 

Quaefc. And master Blender's your mastert 

tftm. Ay ) fiMTsooth. 

QkkA. Does he not wear a great round beard,' 
fike a glover's paring knife ? 

Stm, No, forsooth : he hath but a little wee face, 
with a little yellow beard ; a Cain-cdoured beard/ 

Q^iek, A softly-sprighted man, is he not ? 

Siwu Ay, forsooth : but he is as tall a man of 
hi* hands." as any is between this and his head ; he 
hath fougnt with a warrener.' 

Qukk, How say you ? — O, I should remember 
him ; Does he not hold up fals bead, as it were ? 
and strut in his gait ? 

8im* Tes, indeed, does he. 

QiddL Well, heaven send Anne Page no worse 
fortune ? Tell master parson Evans, I will do what 
I can for your master : Anne is a good prl, and I 

As-enlcf Ru«bt. 

Rug» Out, alas! here comes my master. 

^mek. We shall aU be shent :* Runin here, cood 
young man ; go into this doeet. [ShuU Simple m 
tkt ebatt] He will not stay lone.— What. John 
Rugby ! John, what, John, I say ^— Go, John, go 
inquire for my master ; I doubt, he be not well, that 
ho oomea nol bone ; am d damtu dowiu odoion^ 

Enttr Doctor Caioa.* 

Vat is you sing ? I do not Uke dese to^ ; 

Pnj you, go and vetch me in my cloeet km hoUier 
mm; a box, agreen>aboz; Do intend vat I speak? 
•-green-a box. 

^ttidc. Ay^ forsooth. FU fetch it you. I am glad 
he went not m himselr; if he had Knmd the young 
■MB, he would have been horn-mad. [Aride, 

Caiu», /V, ft^ft^ ft! mai/oL U fait fart dunuL 
Jt m*€n tMM a la C<Mr,-4a gram qfiart. 

Oddc Is it this, sir? 

Cams. Ouy ; mtiU le an men pocket ; Jkpeekey 
quickly :— Vere is dat knave Rugby 7 

Oneik. What, John Rugby * Jo&n ! 

Ruf. Here, sir. 

Cmu, You are John Rugby, and you are Jack 
Rodby : Gome, take-a your rapier, and oome after 
■■y neeJ to de court. 

Ibig. Tls ready, sir, here in the pordi. 

Gshtf. By my trot, I tarry too long :— OdHi me ! 
Oii*sy-^'*<m6ae 7 dere is some simples in my closet, 
wt I vill not for the varld I shall leave behind. 

Quidu Ah me ! hell find the young man there. 
Bad be mad. 

Cahu, O dioftfe, diabU /vat is in my doeet ? — 

1 L e. breeder of debste, maker of comeniion. 

9 Foolfth. Mrs. Quickly poasibly blunders, and 
VDukl say preeint. 

% See a Note on K. Hemy V. Act Ui. 8c. 0. 
* And what a beard of the generaPs cut.' 

4 It is saki that Cain and Judas in old pictures and ta- 
pastry were constantly reproMnted with yellow beards. 
In an age when but a small part of the natkm couki 
read, ideas were frequently borrowed from these re- 
BTSsentationa. One oi the copies reads a cane-coloured 
oeard, i. e. or the colour of cane, and the reading of the 
4lo. a wbey>coloured beard favours this reading. 

6 This plu'ase hiAi been very imperfectly explained 
by the commentators, though they have written * about 
k, and about it.* Malone's quotation from CkMgrave 
was near the mark, but missed it : " Uaut a la smu'w. 
Me a la main, Homme de main, Ji man of hie 
f i a man of execution or valour : a etriker^ Uke 
«Mwi^h to lay a£om hhn : proud, surlie, sullen, stub- 
bom.** So says this truly valuable ohl dictionary: 
Immb which it U evident that a ttUl man of hie hande 

KMkly a free version of the French Homme haut a 
md$t. This equivocal use of the words Htmt and 

Vinany? krron! [AiK^f Smiple fut] Rogby, 
my rapier. 

Oinefc. Good master, be content. 

Ceuma. Verefore shall I be content-a? 

Ovtdk. The youn£ man is an honest man. 

Conis. Vat snail de honest man do in my closet t 
dere is no honest man dat shall come in my doaet. 

^indk. I beseech you, be not so flegmatie ; hear 
the truth of it: He came of an errand to bm ftom 
parson Hugh. 

Cows. VelU 

Sim, Ay, forsooth, to desire her to 

Chncfc. Peace, I pray you. 

Caiue. Peace-ayour tongue : — 8peak-a your tale. 

Sim. To desire this honest gentlewoman, yoor 
maid, to apeak a good word to mistress Anne Page 
for mj master, in the way of marriage. 

Qmdi, This is all, incieed, la ; but FU ne'er put 
my finger in the fire, and need not. 

€Udui. Sir Hugh send-a you? — ^Rugby, haiUex ne 
some paper : — ^Tarry you a Uttl^awhile. [VKritm, 

QmdL I am glad he is so auiet : if he had been 
thoroughly moved, yon should have heard him so 
load, and ao melancholy ;— But notwithstanding, 
man, PU do your master what good I can : and tM 
very yea and the no is, the Frendi Doctor, ny 
master,'^ may call him my master, look you, for 
I keep hb house ; and I wash, wring, brew, bake, 
scour, dress meat and drink, make the beds, and do 

Sim, 'lis a great ^arge, to come under one boii^B 

Qmek, Are you avis'd o' that ? you shall find it 
a great charge : and to be up early, and down late ; 
— ^t notwithstanding (to tdl you in your ear; I 
woidd have no words of it :) my master himself is in 
love with mistress Anne Paie : but notwithstanding 
that,— 4 know Anne's mino,-- >that'i neither hero 
nor there. 

Cotacs. Tou jack'nape; give-a dis latter to Bir 
Hugh ; by gar, it is a shallenge : I vill cut his 
treat in de park ; and I vill teach a scurvy jack*a- 
nape priest to meddle or make :^you may be gone : 
it IS not good you tarry here : — by gar, I vill cut all 
his two stones ; by gar, he shall not have a stone to 
Urow at his dog. [Ejrii Qimtlm. 

' ^tuk, Alas, he speaks but for his firiend. 

VaiuM, It is no matter— a for dat :— do not yoo 
tell-a me dat I shall haye Aime Page for inyself? 
— 4>y gar. I vill kill de Jadt priest ; and I haye 
appointed mine host of de Jarterre to measure our 
weapon :— by gar, I vill myself haye Anne Page. 

OMck. Sir, the maid loves you, and all shall be 
well : we must give folks leave to prate : What, 
thegood-jjer !• 

Cwtis. Rugby, come to the court vid me ;•— 9y 
gar, if I have not Anne Page, I shall turn your head 
out of my door :^Follow my heels, Rugby. 

[Exeunt Caius tma Rubbt. 

Qusefc. Tou shall have An fods-head of yoor 
own. No, I know Anne's mind for that : never a 
woman in Windsor knows more of Anne's mind 

tall will aim explain the expression a tall fellow, or a 
tall man, wherever it occurs. Mercutio ridicules it as 
one of the affected phrases of the fantasticos of bis age, 
* a very good blade,* * a very UUl man I*— Romeo tma 
Juliet. Act U. 8c 4. 

• The keeper ofa warren. 

T Scokled, reprimanded. 

8 It has been thought strange that Shakspeare shonH 
take the name of Caius for his Frenchman, as an emi- 
nent physician of that name, founder of Caius College, 
Oxford, flourished iu Elisabeth's reign. But Shak- 
speare was little acquainted with literary history, and 
without doubt, from this unusual name, supposed him 
to have been some foreign quack. The character 
might however be drawn from the life, for in Jack Do- 
ver's Quest of Enquiris, 1604, a story called * the Foole 
of Windsor,' turns upon a simple outlandish Doctor of 

9 The goujere, L e. marbue Cfaltieue. The goed- 
jer and good years were ooauncai ounuplioDS of lUi 

MTMT TTIMIfff ITT^irifffirft 

Ii0; Bor cu SomonfhaMk I do with hw, I 

#faK. [fFUm.] Wlib*«witfaiiitlMr»,]io7 
^lodL Who** tbera, I trow? Come noar tho 
Ipny jou. 

Emiar Temtoh, 

W^mL How DOW, good wooaaa : bow doft thou ? 

^ukk. The bettor, thatU ploMee your goodwor^ 
•hip toeak. 

Fkmi. What news 7 bow doea pretty BfittreM 

OmidL In troth, eir, and ihe if pretty, and honest. 
•Bd ccntle ; and one that b your firiend, I can tell 
yoo tMt by the way ; I praise beaTon for it. 

#bil. ShaU I do any good, thinkest thoa? Shall 
I net lose your suit 7 

^mek. Troth, sir, all is in his bands above : but 
notwithstanding, master Fenton, Fll be sworn on a 
book, she loves you :— Have not your worship a 
wart above yoor eye 7 

JPeni. Yet, marry, have I ; what of that7 

^vidk. Well, thereby hangs a tale ;^good faith, 
it is soch another Nan :— but, I detest* an honest 
mud as ever broke bread:— We had an hour's 

t of that wart :— 4 shall never laugh but in that 

id*s company ! — Bnt, indeed, she u siven too 

ich to aluebolly' and musing: But for you— 

Well, go to, 

JWit Wen, I shall see her to-day : Hold, there's 
■Mwey lor thee ; let me have thy voice in my be- 
half: if thou seest her b^bre me, commend me— 

qtddt. Win 17 i'&ith, that we wiU: andl wiU 
•eD yoor worship more of the wart, the nest time 
we have coniidenoe ; and of other wooers. 

#Wil. WeU, &reweU ; I am in great haste now. 


Qtitk. FareweU to yoor worshb.— Truly, an 
honest gentleman : but Anne loves him not ; for I 
know Anne's mino as well as another does : Out 
vpoo't ! what have I forgot 7 [ExiL 


SCENE I.— i?^ore Paoc'h Hoim, Enter Mi*- 
tren Page, with a UUer, 

Mn. Page. What I have I 'scaped love-letters 
in the holy-day time of my beauty, and am I now 
a subject ^r them 7 Let me see : - [Read*. 

Am me no reoMon, why I love you ; far though love 
IMS reaeon/or his freeman^* he admiti him not for hie 
commaeUor : You are not young, no mart am /; ro 
|0 then, theri^i eympathy : you are merry, aoaml; 
Ha ! ha! then thereat more tympathy : you Uneeaek, 
and to do I ; would you desire better wmpaUty 7 Let 
k euffiu thee, mietreu Page {at the (east, if the love 
ef a sUdier can st^jfftos,) that I love thee, 1 will nta 
eay, pity me, *tis m4a sotdier-Uke phrase; but I say 
Idos me. By me, 

7%tns own true knight, 
By day or mght. 
Or any hind of light, 
With aU his might 
For thu lojlght, 

John Falstaff. 

What a Herod of Jewry is this ! — O wicked, wicked 
world !— one that is well nigh worn to pieces with 
age, to show himself a young gallant ! What an un- 

1 She meaiM, I protest, 

9 Melancholy. 

S The meaning of this passage Is st present obscure. 
Dr. Johnson conjectured, wkh much probabilitv, that 
Sbakspeare wrote Phyeieian, which would render the 
■saes obvious. 

4 7b hack was the a]qpropriate term for choppinir off 
Che qmrs of a knight when be was to be decrarled. 
The meaning therefore appears to he : — " these knights 
will degrade vou Tor an unqualified pretender." Another 
•zplanatlon has been offered ; suppofl{n|r this to be a 
oovsrt reflection upon the prodtsal distribution of the 
hPBonr ol knighthood by tog James. " These kni|^ 

WHipiad behaiwMr hafll ihifl 
picMd (with the dofifa Btme) out jof mj 
satioB,that he darea hi thia ■annnr naaaj 
Why, he hath not been thrke in my eoonann !■ 
W^t should I say to Um 7—1 wm ihaA firaifil 
my mirth :— heaven lorghn ma l-^W^, Fll mA 
bit a bin in the parliament ibr the pottmc «!•«■ aC 
fsX men. How shaU I be revanged on nnB T Av* 
revenged I wiU be, aa snre aa hia gate ara wmim o^ 

£!afsr Jiiitrssi Fobs. 

JMrs. jFWvi. BGstreaiPage! trastiMyl «Mli|»-. 
inff to yoor house. 

mn. Page. And, tmst me, I waa eomnif to jma. 
Tou look very ill. 

Mrs. Fsrd, Nay, FU ne'er believe that ; I h«fa to 
abow to the contrarr. 

Jl&s. Page. 'Faitn. bat yon do, in niy aaiBd. 

JUrs. Ford. Wen, I do then ; y«t, I ^aar, I e 
show you to the contrary : O, mastieoB Fage^ 
me some counsel ! 

Jllrs. Page, What's die matter, woman t 

Jl&s. Fan. O woman, if it were not Ibr ooa ti|i 
ffing respect, I could come to soeh honour ! 

Mre. Page, Hang the trifle, woman ; take tki 
honour: What b it7— dispenae with tiiSaa^- 

Mrs. FmL If I vronU hot go to hell for an atm' 
nal moomit, or so, I oould be knidited. 

3fn. Poge. What 7— thou heat I— Sw Afiea VM! 
These knights will back ;* and ao tbon ahonU^t 

not alter the arttde of thy centiy. 

Jlfrs. fhrd. We bum day^ngbt : * nere, rend, leatf ; 
—perceive how I mi^t m knighted.— 4 dmll tkiak 

^ here, rend, read J 

the worse of &t men, aa long aa I have aa eye ta 
make difference of men's Iflting : And yet ha woold 
not swear: praieed woman's modesty: aiidjgBfs 
such orderly and well behaved rqtroofto ai^nn- 
oomelinees, that I would have sworn his diapomliHi 
would have gone to the truth of hia words : btttthey 
do no more adhere and ke^ place together, than the 
himdredth psalm to the tone of dheen sfsrsss. What 
tempest, I trow^ threw this whale, with ao man^ 
tuns of oil in his beny. ashore at Wfn^or 7 How 
shaU I be revenged on nim 7 I think, the bwrt way 
were to entertain him with hope, tiU the vricked fiie 
of lust have melted him in his own greaaow— 4>kl 
you ever hear the like 7 

Mrs. Page, Letter for letter ; but that the wuse el 
Page and Ford differs !— To thy great comfert in 
this mystery of ill opinions, here^ ue twin-brother 
of thy letter : but let thine inherit first ; for, I pro- 
test, mine never sliall. I warrant he hath a tboo- 
sand of these letters, writ with blank ^Mce for dif> 
fereot names, (sure more,) and these are of tfans 
second edition : He will print them out of doubt : 
for he cares not what he puts into the press^* when 
he would out us two. I had rather be a giantess, 
and lie under mount Pelion. Well, I wiU find yon 
twenty lascivious turtles^ ere one chaste man. 

Jlfrs. Ford. Why, this is the very same : the very 
hand^ the very words : What doth he think of oa 7 

Mrs. Page. Nay, I know not : It makes me al» 
most ready to wrangle with mine own honesty. Ffl 
entertain myself like one that I am not acquainted 
withal ; for. sure, unless he know some strain in 
roe, that I know not myself he would never hava 
boarded me in his fory. 

will soon become bo hackneyed that your honour will 
not be increased by becoming one.'* 

6 A proverb applicable to superfluous sctlons in ga- 

Mrs. Page, who does not seem to have been lnisnd> 
ed in any degree for a learned lady, is here wkbov 
the least regard to propriety made to talk Uke an author 
about the press and printing. The translations of the 
Classics, as Warton iudiciously observes, Ooon in- 
undated otn: poetry with pedantic allusions to 
fhhle, often introduced as incongruously as the 
of Pelion here. The nautical aUu^ns In the 

ing passages are not more approfslais. But 8hsks|Wlii 
does not often e^ in this war. 




Jfe^AvidL BoardiagytaUjoait? Illberareto 
km hia above dmk» 

Mn. PaM€. So trill I; if ha come under my 
hatchaa, FU never to aea again. Let's be levenged 
oa him : let's appoint him a meeting; give him a 
show of eomfiMtm bis suit; and lead nim on with a 
fine-baited delay, till he hath pawn'd his horses to 
nine Hoet of the Garter. 

3ir8. Ford, Nay. I will consent to act any viK 
lany against him. tnat may not sully the chariness* 
of our honesty. O, that my husband saw this letter ! 
it would ffive eternal food to hisjealousy. 

Mn, Page, Why, look, where he cornea ; and 
my good man too : he's as hr from jealousy, as I 
am u-om giving him cause ; and that, I hope, is an 
unmeasuraUe <fistance. 

Mn. JF\ard. Tou are the bapfuer woman. 

Jllrs. Pom. Let's consult together a^idnst this 
greasy kni^t : Come hither. [Thfy retire. 

EnUx FoED, Pistol, Paoe, (tnd Ntm. 

/brd. Well, I hope it be not so. 
PmC Hope is a curtail' dog in some ofialrs: 
Sr John anects thy wifo. 
JFM. Why, ar, my wife is not young. 
PiUU He woos boUi hi^ and low, both rich and 

Both youns and old, one with another. Ford : 
He kyves the gally-mawfiry ;' Ford, perpend.* 

WML Love my wife 7 

JPiif. With liver bumina hot : * Prevent or go thou, 
Lika Sir Acteon he, vrith Ring-wood at thy heels : 
0, odious is the name ! 

JFbrdL What name, sir 7 

Pisf. The horn, I say : Farewell. 
Tdu heed ; have open eye ; for thieves do foot by 

Take heed, ere summer comes, or cuckoo-birds do 

Away, ffir corporal Nym. 

Believe iL Page ; he speaks sense. \Emt Pistol. 

F^aird. I will be patient ; I will find out this. 

Nym. And this is true. [71? Paok.1 I like not 
the humour of lyins. He hath wronged me in some 
bomoars ; I should have borne the humoured letter 
to her : but I have a sword, and it shall bite upon 
my necessity. He loves your wife; there's the 
liKMt and the long. My name is corporal N3rm ; I 
speak, and I avocKh. 'TIS true :— my name is Nym, 
and falstaff loves your wife. — ^Adien ! I love not 
the humour of bread and cheese ; and there's the 
oorooor of it. Adieu. [Exit Ntm. 

Page. Th€ humowr ofitt quoth'a ! here's a fellow 
fiights humour* out of his wits. 

JM. I will seek out Falstafi*. 

Page. I never heard such a drawling, affecting 

IPkfrd. If I do find it, well. 

Pa^. I will not beueve such a Catalan,^ though 
tbepnest of the town commended him for a true man. 

Ford, TVas a good sensible fellow : Well.' 

Po^. How now, Meg ? 

3m. Page. Whither go you, George 7 — Haric 

1 I. e. the eautkm which OQght to attend on it. 

9 A conail dog was a common dog not meant for 
sport, pan of the tails of such dogs being commonly cut 
•Sr whfle they are puppies ; it was a prevalent notion 
that the tail of a dog was necessary to nim in runnine, 
hence a dog that missed his game was called a curtail, 
from which cur is inobably derived. 

t A medley. 

4 Conskler. 

6 The liver was andenUy supposed to be the inspi- 
nr of amoTOQs paadons. Thus m an old Latin disticn : 
* Ck>r ardec, pulmo loquitur, fel comraovet iras 
Sjden ridere facit, cogit amarejeeur.^ 

9 The first folio retAB—Englith. The abuse of this 
word Immour by the coxoomni of the age had been ad. 
ataablr satirized by Ben Jonsun. After a very peni* 
neat dlisqirisidon on the real meaning and true appUca* 
tkm of the word, ha concludes thus : 

Mn. Ford, How now, awaat J^iank? why art 
thou melancholy 7 

Ford, I melancholy! I am not melancholy.— 
Get you home, CO. 

mn, Fhrd, 'Faith thou hast some crotchets in 
thy head now. — ^Will you jgo, mistress Page ? 

Airs. Page, Have with you, — You'll come to 
dinner, George ? — Look, who comes yonder : sna 
shall be our messenger to this paltry knight 

\Amde to Mju. Foed. 

EnUr MiSTBzss Quicklt. 

Mre, Ford. Trust me, I thought on her: she'll 
fit it. 

Mr$. Page, Tou are come to see my daughter 

Quick, Ay, forsooth ; And, I pray, how does 
good mistress Anne 7 

Mn. Page, Go in with us, and see ; we have on 
hour's talk with you. 

[Exeunt Mas. Page, Mas. Foap, and 
Mas. Quickly. 

Page. How now, master Ford 7 

Ford. Tou heard what this knave told me ; dio 
you not 7 

Page, Tes ; and you heard what the other told 
me 7 

Ford, Do you think there is truth in them 7 

Page, Hang'em, slaves I I do not think the knight 
would ofler it : but these that accuse him in his in- 
tent towards our wives, are a yoke of his discarded 
men ; very rogues, now they do out of service. 

JFW. Were they his men 7 

Page, Marry, were they. 

Fwd. I like it never the better for that.— Does 
he lie at the Garter 7 

Page. Ay, marry, does he. If he should intend 
this voyage towarcis my wife, I would turn her loose 
to him ; and what ho eets more of her than sharp 
words, let it lie on my bead. 

Ford. I do not misdoubt my wife ; but I would 
be loath to turn them together : A man may be too 
confident : I would have nothing lie on my head ; 
I cannot bo thus satisfied. 

Page. Look, where mv ranting host of the Gar 
ter comes : there is either uouor in his pate, or 
money in his purse, when he looks so merrily. — 
How now, mine host 7 

Enter Host and Shallow. 

Host. How now, bully-rook 7 thou'rt a gentle- 
man : cavalero-justice, l say. 

Shal. I follow mine host, I follow. — Good even, 
and twenty, ffood master Page ! Master Page, wik 
yougo with us 7 we have sport in hand. 

Ihst. *" "* • ' 


Tell him, cavalero-justice ; tell him, bully-' 

Shal, Sir, there is a fray to be fought, between 
Sir Hugh the Welsh priest, and Caius the French 

Ford. Good mine host o' the Garter, a word with 


Host, What say'st thou, buUy-rook 7 

[T^hey go aside. 

iAap. But that a rook by wearing a pie<] feather. 
The cable hatband, or the three-piled tmR^ 
A yard of shoe-tie, or the Switzers knot 
On his French garters, fthouUl a/Tea a humour, 
O Uls worse than mont ridiculous. 

Cor. He speaks pure truth ; and now if an idioi 
Have but an apish or fantastic sirain. 
It is his humour. — 

Induction to Every Man Out of his Humour. 

Sieevens quotes an Epigram from Humours Ordinarie, 
1607j to the same effect. 

7 1. e. a Chinese, Cataia, Cathay, being the name 
given to China by the old travellers, some ot whom 
nave mentioned the dexterous thieving of the pe.tpte 
there ; hence a sharper or thief was sometimes called a 

8 This and the two preceding speeches are solilo 
quies of Ford, and have no connection with what hage 
savs, who is also making comments on what had pas 
sea without attending to Ford 


itT ■riiiybo«th«lhh«J&» Mu M Miiii g<iC 
«MpMi| ud, 1 lUok ha kath lyBiatoJ i 
atBtnij itacM : Ibr, balins ma, I hMr the pi 
isniMUr. Bu^I wiU tail jMirfaM oor i 

«f amt nek U |na dm neouiu to hun, mnd wl 
hba, ajnanii a Braok; oaljr KiraiMt. 

^HC H^ haarLbaU;: Ibou abilt Ihito cetch 
■od nfn«; Hid 1 wrllT tad th* MB* ik£l bn 
Brosk : It ■ ■ mwij kiii|hl.— Will 7011 (o, C«n- 

Aa£. Tb^ Br, I vi^ bw* told ]roa Bdf 
IbcM tlna* 700 lUod at £auae*, war puiiM, 
itwwdBW, lad I Ibow BotiiikMi >& tba bw 
BUMPifat •itabm.luhHa. DuniMmd 

A«L Han, Imj*, ban, hare I lUll m Mig T 
P«n. HsnoittToai-^badratbar bav iht 

MeUlWficht. f£nwU.noaT,S»L.«i><fAai 
Anl. Tho»hPacB ba » aaoqn (boL ud aiuc 

wlralTeDbkwifc^ frailly, fM I«UDM pui c 

i^ opiaKia ao aadj ) Bhe araa ia bii csapui; 1. 

FWahDoaa; avl, wbu Ihar nnda> than, I knnw 

8CINB n. A Sfm ia At Sate' 1^ EnUr 
FiUTitrr and PiaTOL. 

AI. I vill kN land thaa a padaj. 
PiA WbT, lliaii Iha mrJiTa maa 
WUeh t wiih iwonl wil 

lofl hnnd. and BiAof ^Ba bpo— h 

»n rnm u>riinlkriShadn,aiMl 

■nouBlBiD locto, : 

•our bol<>-beMiu . . 

ixnaur! To* mil aot do k, m« I 

Put. IdorakMi whM wwddSt 

Iw . _ 

.fU. Mm ■ paoiy. 

an the huidlc ofhir lu,'! look't 

J>ii<. Didft thou not ihare 7 hadil Ibou Bot Bf- 

/u RaaaoD, jdu rogDC, reaiiK : Thmh*il iliou^ 
1*11 andanget mj aoul gfalia } At a won], ^^ajig no 

ahaitkoUi and athnjog ;' — 10 jonrimJiorofFicki- 
batch,* go— Tw'll not bair a IciUT (at me, vou 
Rigiie I 70U ilaod Dpm tout honour I — Wb)>, thuu 
lUKOiiRiiahla baaaneaa, it la aa much aa I can litt to 
keep the laniu oT ny hmour praciae. I, I, I my- 

I The Mio oT l«3*nadi Jbi-heiret, whkh la unm- 
ialRilblc; (ba ■md In iha leii, iha cnnjeeium a' Mr 
Baadan, Malnna coiiild«rtd (he boi iliuhad br. . : 
ftrad. CoKoMna wovM bars bain the anho^i 
oflbe old torn, and tha boat hai Iha leim ftiqoii 

1 Befiua tha IniroduatHi of tapkn ibi iwdrIi : 

■Mhhanda. SblUoar, wlA anoM nin'aTii^ 

lh> nplu. Bm nota on K. Henrr IV. P. I, Act U 
iAn obmleu phnaa, •Ijntfjm^— ' whal Ihf 

fe appean 10 harg baan acant tana, K^ikh 
cauaemrad to DwaD aulan noda. Mr. 
laki It iMaiiaaaaBd>iKaiLa.^irjouwlll 
■B HH mipaaiy, I will p^ jton uain In aHndanra,' 
B bH ftIM to pradoea an eumpk of Iba Baa cf the 
Dri lb (hH aanae. 

* L a. ha who *«aa alonf wkh yog, irbo la Joined 

• Faiia iran eoatlr afiiiiidB|*a of ftaiala dniia in 
' itaa. Thii iiiii^id iiriiiirirlniil ikac 

OucjI. Gite tnui' «anliu food^MTOv. 
Fal. Go<H]-d.urr<,», «od ink. 

Ouiitt. rtii I . 'I ilinii Ilia Jaa 

Fnl. Good mHid, Dm. 

Qaidi, riibeiitotn; aa mjmodiB'wii^ tbain* 

fW Twoihoonnd.lurwoau; nlni*M^ 
■fe thcF tba baariig. 

giuni:.miarBi«oa»16atr»«aF«rt,»h-i | M » , 
»n.c ■ litda Baarn thia w«ja :-I >TlSi«lf«gt 

' f!^' WaU, 0B?HiatnM IWd, JM i^, 

^r.kl. TourwotahipraTfTCntnai latHjaar 

lonliip, eoBa a btth nauar tha wmb. 
F,U. 1 wanaM ibaa, notody beH« . •■« 

^u./^. Ara Ihaj anl'Hasraa fata* Ai^ aai 



fU. VTell: wjati wa Fori;- 

Qu.rA. Why, air, aha'aaiooder 

Lord! yaor wordw'aawaittaB: Wdl,bi 
give yu>j, aod all of ua, I pray I 
Fal. MiatreaaFordi— «n,n■trisn•4^- 
«Ili<Jc. BluTT, thiaia Ike dnct u4 ite h^afk; 
you hniebnwBl bar mlo lodi a e—ariai" as >tta 
wanderHi. tliabaMeouitivor ibaniaH,*kMA« 
cnurt lav at Wiadaor, eetddoewrbaTabw M h t hw 
Id inch newury. Tattbat* hBabaeakBMita,«ad 
Wdi, and gantlenen, with Ibdrcoaebeii fwwnia 
yoii, coarh aRer coach, leiler liter letter, «ft alieT 
sA i imellinit ao iireetly (all nuik,) and 90 r^b- 
nn|, I WArrant you, in iilk and gnM ; aad ia tta:^ 
nl wmiij and in mcb (riBB aad angar tt Iba 
end the laireM, that weold haTo woe any *•- 

Si-x mi ''ve-winli cd" her. — I had mjiclr iwraty an- 
£■[- cu.nme ihi> moniing: but I de^ all aageb 

ill: and yet 

..,,) b. 

yet (here Iwi beea oaila, aay. 

leoTMia. ttukkly-alorta 
. however, a quick and liralj daaca BHatlna 
, Wall that Eodi wall, Act U. >c. 1. 
QantlaDHUi of the band of Fantlonara.. l^iti 
remarkably apleDdid, and iharalbta Uketr a^ 
Boica of tin. QulcUy. HwKM, Shakmnn. 

ir l(l(hl<i Draan, liaa aalactad iIh aitf 

...,^ .. , , .^ ^1^ 



JV. Bnt what mji the to dm 7 be brief; my 
mod the Mercury. 

^tmdL Mwry, ibe hath reeeiTed your letter ; Tor 
the which ihe uaalu yoa a thoueaod times : and 
ihe pvee you to DOCi^, that her hotbaod will be 
ribaoac^ from tie hoaae between tea and eleven. 
/U. Ten and eleten T 

Orit Ay, fbreooth ; and then you may come 
iBd see the picture, the taya, that yoo wot* of ;— 
litnr Ford, her hiuband, will be from home. 
^W« ! the sweet woman leads an ill life with him ; 
W9 a very jealousy man ; she leads a rery fram- 
pold* life with him. good heart. 

#U. Ten and eleTen : Woman, commend me to 
her ; I will noc fiul her. 

^ndk. Why, yoo say well : But I have another 
messenger to your worship : Mrs. Page hath her 
hearty comsaendatioas to yoo too ; a n d let me tell 
yoa in your ear, she's as &rtuous a civil modest 
wife, and one (I tell you) that will not miss you 
noming nor evening prayer, as any is in ^^Hndsor, 
whoe'er be the other : and she bade me teU your 
wordnp, that her husband is seldom fhim home ; 
bat she hopes, there will come a time. I never 
knew a woman so dote upon a man ; sorely, I think 
yoa have charms, la ; yes, in truth. 

#U. Not I, I assure thee ; setting the attraction 
«f my foodparts aside, I have no oiher charms. 
OndL Blessing on your heart foHt ! 
Arf. But. I pray thee, tell me this : has Ford's 
wife, and Pale's wtfe, acquainted each other how 
Chey love me T 

Onidk. Tliat were a jest, indeed !—theT have not 
M mtle grace, I hope :— that were a tricK, indeed ! 
Bot mistress Page would desire you to send her 
year little page of all loves ;* her husband has a 
marvellous i^Nction to the little pue ; and, truly, 
muter Page is an honest man. Never a wife m 
Windsor leads a better life than she does ; do what 
she will, say what she will, take all, pay all, go to 
bed when she list, rise when she list, au is as she 
wiD ; and, truly, she deserves it : for if there be a 
kmd woman in Windsor, she is one. Tou must 
send her your page : no remedy. 
FhL Why, I wilL 

QmicL Nay. but do so then : and, look you, be 
amy come and go between you both ; and, in any 
case, have a nay word,* that you may know one 
anolner's mind, and the boy never need to under- 
stand any thing ; for 'tis not good that children 
should know any widcedness ; old folks, you know, 
havs discretion, as they say, and know the world. 
/U. Fare thee well : commend me to them both : 
there's my purse ; I am yet thy debtor. — Boy, go 
along witn this woman.^This news distracts me ! 

[Exeunt Quickly and Robiv. 

Piai, This punk is one of Cupid's carriers :— 

Clap on more sails ; purrue, up with your fights ;* 

Give fire ; she is my pnze, or ocean whelm them 

all ! [ExU Pistol. 

FaL Say'st thou so, old Jack ? go thy ways ; 

rn make more of thy old bodv than I have done. 

Will they yet look aAer thee 7 Wilt thou, after the 

eipen s e of so mtich money, be now a gainer 7 

Good body, I thank thee : Let them say, 'tb grossly 

dons ; so It be feirly done, no matter. 

J^nler Baumi^h. 

Bmrd. Sir John, there's one master Brook below 
would fein neak with you, and be acquainted with 
yoo: and nath sent your worship a moraing's 
draught of sifck.* 
FSL Brook u his name 7 
Bmrd, Ay, sir. 

FUL Call him in : [EsU BAnDOLPH.] Soeh 
Brooks are wefeooM to me. that o'erfbw soeh li- 
quor. Ah ! ha ! mistress Ford and mistress Page, 
have I enconmass'd you 7 go to: vim f 

R9'€Mta' BAnDOLPB, wUk FoAD dugmmL 
Ford, Bless yo«^ sir. 

FaL And you, wa : Would you speak with me ' 
FML I make boU to press with so little prepa- 
ration upon you. 

/U. YouTO welcome ; What's your wffl 7 Give 
us leave, drawer. [Emt Baadolpb. 

Ford, Sir, I am a gentleman that have spent 
much ; my name is Brook. 

FaL Good master Brook, I desire more acquaint- 
ance of yen. 

Ford, Good Sir John, I sue for years : not to 
charge you ; for I must let you understand, I think 
myself ra better plight for a lender than yoa are : 
the vrfatch hath something embolden'd mfe to this 
unseason'd intrusion ; for they say, if money go be- 
fore, all ways do lie open. 
/W. Money is a good soldier, sir, and vrill on. 
Ard. Troth^ and I have a bag of money here 
troubles me : if yoa will help me to bear it. Sir 
John, take all, or half^ for easing me of the car- 

FlaL Sir, I know not how I may deserve to be 
your porter. 

Ford. I will teU you, sir, if yoa will give me the 

FaL Speak, good master Brook ; I shall be glad 
to be your servant. 

Fhrd, Sir, I hear you are a scholar,— I will be 
brief with you ; and you have been a man long 

known to me, though I had never so good means, 
as desire, to make myself acquainted with you. I 
shall discover a thing to you, wherein I must very 
much lay open mine own imperfection : but, good 
Sir John, as yoo have one eye upon my follies, as 
you hear them unfolded, turn another mto the re- 
rater of your own ; that I mav pass with a reproof 
me easier, sith*you yourself know, how easy it is 
to be such an oflender. 
FaL Yery well, sir ; proceed. 
Frrd, Then is a genuewoman in this tovm, her 
husband's name is Ford. 
FaL Well, sir. 

Ford, I have lonf loved hen ano, I protest to 
you, bestowed much on her ; followed net with a 
dotinc observance;* engrossed opportunities to 
meet ner ; fee'd every slight occasion, that could 
but niggardly give me sight of her ; not only bought 
many presents to give her, but liave given largely to 
many, to know what she would have given : briefiy, 
I have pursued her, as lo^ hath pursued me ; which 
hath been on the wins of^all occasions. But what- 
soever I have merited, either in my mind or in my 
means, meed, I am suie, I have received none ; un- 
less e:q>erience be a jewel : that I have purchased 

1 To wet is to kmoto. So in K. Heury VUL teat you 
what I (bund ? 

9 Frammeld here means fretful^ peevish^ or vexa- 
Umax. Tnls obsolete word is of'^uncertaln etvmology. 

t Cf qU hvesn Is an adjuratton only, and nfnilles no 
mors than bm ail meoma^ for the sake of all love. It Is 
again used m Othello and In A Bfidsummer If lght*s 


5 FMfs are the waist ckjths which hsng round about 
die stt^to Mnder men from being seen In flghi; or any 
place wherein men may cover themselves, and yet use 
Oslr arms.~F*^l^* WoHd of Wordt, 

6 It seems to have been a coranHm custom m taverns 
Sn 8hakqMare*s time, to send presents of wine from one 
neaa lo another eliher as a memorial of friendship, or 
(•• feiiha pnssnt Instance) by way of hitroducikm to 

acquahuance. The practice was continued as late as 
the Resioratkm. In the Parliamentary History, vol. 
xziL p. 114, we have the following posssM from The 
Life of General Monk, by Dr. Price. " I came to the 
Three Tuns, before OulldhalL where the general had 
quartered two nights before 1 entered the tavern with 
a servant and portmanteau, and asked for a room, 
whkh I had scarce got Into but wine followed me tua 
present from some dtlsens desiring leave lo drink their 
morning's draught with me.** 

7 Ffo, an ItaJian word, which Florio explains :— 
" an adverb of encouragement, on away, go lo, away 
forward, go <m, despatch.** It appears u> have been a 
common exdamsiion In 8hakspesrs*s time. Antonlni 
renders It hi Latin <^ o^e. 

8 Since. 

9 OftscTMfiet li dOigm head, oi 


*l IB luGuho rata ; and Ihat halh Mught mi to bi\ i Fnrtl. I wnul, 
lUa : I mi^i .Tnid hjm, 

Pvniuiif Ikia Aaljlia, amljtying bAoI puritHL 
/U. HaTB you nuiTed do piomUo of luii&c 


Ibrd. tieiL.. 

FaL or what quality waa ;aur Ion 

FonL Likaafiur house, buiUuponi 

SoiukJ, lo thai I hatD bit my edifice, 
a jriace whrra I eractcd it. 
Fid. To xhal purpuie hare vou ud 

tlic apprar hoDeil \< 

I vng bnro Fon^ air ; Oai joa 

'. Ilauf him, iBcrhanical aalt-liaUiT rofn*' 
...„. flare himoul of hii wita; I will awa te 
■ hh my cudgel ; it ihall \\iaf like a Btcor o'er th( 
cuckora'i hortu ; ma*lrrBtoat,tli<iuaIialtknmi( 
"ill prrdomiMlp o'er ihf pcaaanl, and thou ihaltba 
with l.ii wJfc.-CoiDe to me HH) at ui^t ^ronfa 
a knare, and I will a^pavalo hia atile ;* Ihoo, 
matter Hrook, ajjolt know him for a kaavo asa 
cwkold : — come to me Boon al ciglil. lEtit. 

Ford. IThat a damned Epicurean raK^aJi^lUat 

Who Hy> ih» i> improvidinl jcalouay C-M^^ 

made. Would any dun have thourfil Ihia T— Sa* 
the h<.U of hai^nj; a falie woman [ my bed shall bg 
abuied, my coffi-n rannckrd, my reiiutalionnawu 

at J andl iQiatl not ih.Iv r.....!.,. rl^.. v!ll.n»„. . 

but atand under 

atand under the aJoplion of ab«ninablr lenna, 
hv him thai due. nc thi. wrung. Tanna! 
poie : You are a geutleman of eicelleni bfeeiLbL^. names! — ^^Amaipun 'Dundi well ; Luctfer,wefl{ 
admirable diieoune, of great admillance,' aurhcrj- ' Barbaaon,* well; yet Ilieirarr Jenli'r*"""' " '' 
IK inyour place and pcnon, generally allownd'f.^r name, of fiends : bul cuckold ! willtJ* 
jour many warlike, counlLkc, and learned prep a- of"' himielf halh not iUch a name. 

Ford. Belier« it, fur yoo know h : — Tbero 
money ; ipend ii, spend it, gpoid more : ipcnd a 
I haia ; only gira me so much of your time in oi 
change of ii, tt lo lay an amiable aiege lo the he 
neily of lhi< Ford'i wife ; lue your art of wooin < 
win her conicnl lo you ; if any man niay, you nu 

Fal. Would il apjjy well to [he lebcmcncj i 
yoor aSeelion, that I ahonid win what you woul 
eiijny ? Melhiuks you preicriha lo youraelf Tei 

Ford. O, undentand mr drin ! ihr dwclli aa ar 
curely on the eirellency of hor honour, that the (Mv 
of my loul dares not urcsrnt iuclf ; aho ii too t---'- 
to be looked B>am>t. Now, could [ come t 

reui; hewi 

cuckold! Iba 

be j'nkua : I wilt rather trust n Fleming with mj 
butter, parson Biigh the Wekhmin with my checae, 
an Iriihman with my aigua-viiai' koiilr, ur • thief to 
walk my ambliiv grlJini:, than my wife with hendf; 

and what Ihev think in thdr hcarli tlicy may aOeell 
Ihey will break tlieir hearts but ther will efTaet, 
Hearm be praiaed lur nyjralouiy ! — Elncn o'clock 
the hour — twill preicnt IhiH.dEtn-tay wili,bers- 
veOKCd on PatitalT, and lough at Page. I will about 
It ; bctti'r Ihrcu houia loo poon, than a mimtle loo 
late. Be, Be, lie 1 cuckold ! cuckold 1 cuckold ! 


SCENE m. Whuliar Pari. £nto-OannaBt 
Cma. Jack Bugby. 

Rur. Sir. 

could drinc h>Tthr.-n from the ward' ofhcr pnritv 

C«iuL Vat i.deelock, Jack? 

hur reptali..n, her mnrriasf vuw, aixl a IhouuiiJ 

R«e. Tis piut the hour, air, that Sr Hugh pre- 

other hi'r dvfi-uces, which now ore loD slrnnolv ria- 

mised to mei-l. 

batlled aninst me : What ™t you tot, Sir John 7 

CoiKA Bvgar, he has save his foul, dal he iaiw 

Fid. Master Bmnk, 1 will bnn mnkc bold with 

coma: he has pray his Pible y<i\, dai he is no 
e.vie ; bv gar. Jack Rugby, he ii dead already, if 

Touc money ; nvil five m,' y«ir hand ; and laat, u 

I am a gentlcmiui, you shall, if you will, cnjor 

he be com". 

^?f: -^l '" -^i."' '" '• ^' *"" '"" '"'"^'P 

iFW. olwwi'ir! 

would kdl hire. If ho came. 

Fd. Mo-fr Brook, I sav ynii .ha!l. 

C,(ai Bv g..r, tie h.rrinK i. no dead, soa.1 riH 

/brrf. Want no money. Sir John, juu shall waiil 

liill him. Taku your raj.ier, Jack ; I rill tell m 

/■ J. Want no mi'trrss Tonl, Master Brook, yn „ 

Rut. Alas, .ir, I cannot fence. 

>ha-| want ncHie. 1 shall he with her {I may te]| 

CaiML Villsnv, lake i-uur rapier. 

«u?. Forbtar; hcn'N company. 

in 1.. niP, h™ aMisUnt, of pwlwiween, parted fi™. 
me: 1 «.v, I shall bo with hi-r between len and 

Enter Ho.i, Simm.ow, Sle-^deb, <md P*se, 

clrven ; t<>r althst time the jealous raacally knaic, 

HbU. 'BIvii thee, hiiilv doctor. 

her husbvkl, will he Rirth. Come you lo me ■( 
ni*t ; you .liall know how ! sp.^od. 

Shal. Save you, master doctor Caiita. 

Pagi, Now, good matter doctor! 

knr,* Ford, "irT 
Fal. Han;! him, poor euckoldlr knave ! I know 

Coiw. Vat t» ail you, one, too, tree, four, CMM 

him nol ;— yet I wr.inii him to call him poor j thcv 
ny, the jealous witloliy knnychath ma>»ot of m<^ 

H<M. To ace lb™ fiaht, to »eo thee foin,' to eM 
thee traverse, to sco thee here, lu neo Iheo there j 

ney ; fi« iho which bu wife seems lo mo well- 

to loe tliee piM thy puqto, thy «tock, thy reverae, 
thy distance, ihv mcnlanl.' t> he dead, my Ethi^ 
op'ian? is he Jead, my rr«,ci«^oT 1.., bully f 

rnirue'a colTer ; and there'a my hirveil-home. 

srrealcnuiiIierirFarle." But Hnnille llnline, In hi* 


.Wbie obedteuee," kc.'nrr. 

and bu iMny legleiia auder him." 

!ioe.*F™ lh?Bl^"(flM.l5!knit'[ '''"""■'"'■ 

t Siei;l„:ild»c«, in ht. Diwn.ery oT WJiehcrall, 

T Usquebauih. 

S Terms In r^ncing. The tio^ead^, the re«r«. fee. 

from the Italian. ^ ' "' "' 


UMij s 

CdaM. Bj gu, be ia de cdKiid J«ck pric 
vorid ; ha ii nol ihow hii fao. 

AA Thou art > Caitiliui, kiBg-uiiDLl ! 
cf OrsBca, mj boj ! 

Cvu. Ipre; joDjbaarTitibflaalhat iDfth 
MI or HTCD, two, Uae houn tm Utn, uid 

SU. UsiatkawiMrtMB,nuti<riIoct< 

^Duld fiffal, jou (o tiguiut Iha hkir of ;< 
laaakHU i ii it not mu, louUc Pui! ^ 

Pagn. Muln Shallirw, jtn hiTc ^dutf 
ft freat fichlBT, though bow a man of poac 

Bfta:. Bodjhilu- iK.n.r Pixni. ih„.,.ri. I 
nU, and of the. 

MDH aall of our Toulh in ua j «a BnT liia aoDi of 
mmcn, maatcr Pa^a. 

Pmgi. Tia Inie, naater Shallow^ 

SluL It will be round ■□, maiiar Puce. Muinr 
doctor CaitiB, I am came to fotch you liumf. I aoa 
awom of Itifl poacfl ; you hm inowed younelf a 
wiaa phniciiusand Si[Uu|hbUhahaiTnhinuelf a 
wiaaand ptitiaat churchman : jounualgDwilh me, 

HmL Pardon, guaatjualice: — A nod, mtHuicui 

Cmt. Muefc-nUr; nl udtl? 

HoiL Muck-waiar, incur Engtuh loogu?, ii va- 

utu. B; or, then I haic ai much muck-Taior 
ai da EoKHaoman : — Scuttj jack-dag prieat ; by 

fisac He will dappec-clvr thae lighlly, buUf. 
Cint. Cbpp«^e-clair I nt ia dsl '' 
HHt. That ii, he will make thee amend*. 
Cstu. Bt ear, me do loolc, ha ahall clapDer-de- 
U-me: fer'byg«,«.evitfhav9,t. ^"^ 
A<Hl. And I vill proiaWs him lo'L. or let him vis. 
£■»-«. Me tank you Ibr dU. ^ 

tfeU. And moteorer, buily,— Beit fini, muter 
laaal, and muter Page, and eke civaloro Slender, 
(o you through the lawn to Fnpoarr. 

i>ther., ialiB? 

ill hring the 4 

UI by ilio dcU 

i) do well? 

SM. We wit) do it. 

Pagi, Sialand Sin. Adieu, good msBtri 
(EttKU Pabe, Sbilldv, aivl Sl 

CdHu. By gar, me rill kill de pties-t -j for h 
br ■ jick-ao-ape to Anae Pagi. 

fiat. I^t him die ; but, fini, ah th 
fieneu ; throw cold water on thj oh 

er : Cry*d gwna,* 

Caita. By nr, me lank you fiir dal : by gnr, I 
Iota you : una I ahall procure-a you de good gusit, 
do ««rl, m hni^t, de Lorda, de gentleDen^ my jia-- 

fiiat. For Ibe which, I wiU be Ihy idveraary to- 
wardg Anne Page ; aaid 1 mil T 
Conw. By gar, 'lb good ; lell uiid. 
HfL Let ua wag Ilien. 
Cain. Corae at my b»l(. Jack Rugby. [Battoil. 

flple by your name, 
■rhieh way bave you loiAed for mailer Caina, th*t 
:a]la himaair i)aai>r q/" PAjviu ? 
Sim. Marry, nr, the pittio-ward, the partwftnl, 
'ay 1 old Wicideor way, and every wmy but 

3b AaBoie rian, la yJ/t—faO^ 
Mttodiout birdt tutg madhgaU f 
3^k<n idUI m mob SKT ]wl> a/FOM, 
..dnd a liaatimdfiagniiU ^mtiaa. 

'Mercy on me I 1 haTo a gift diapocinoni (o err. 
Jlfafodwu 6irdt fiu madrigaiBj.— 
WTim at I Id in Pal«/l<iH,'— 
And a tSBUand uajTmH poiUt. 

Sim. Tonder he ia coming Ihia way, SirHagb. 

Hearen proiper the right f — What waapena ia he 7 

tnaater ^lallow, iDdaiialhei gentleman froaa Fra(- 
ntore, oier (he idle, ihii way, 
Eva. Pray you, give me my gam ; at elat keep 

Etilir PjISE, Sbillow, and Slutdkb. 

SHat H wDaw,D)uterpa»an7 Goodmorrow, 

good Si Hu^ Keep a gUMiter from the dice. 

of-rt*. ■" 
iMtf-alate and Hn^wlna/. ck 

of em Uikj l water -dociDn. Cat 
(like Catalan and Elhlapim,) ipptir 
avally oaed a* a una of itprow^h IV 
(ha Spaoiflb AriaBda. The Host ai 
pDoc doaor'i Ixiiarance of Eneli b pli 
filjing (o Um iheae hlgh^ounduig opfic bet 
na here meaoi to e^lhlDi cowanL 

* Drain of a dunehill. 

4 eucnna tried lo fin nme Und 
lulepaaaag*. " Crydgame." ay h 
a ihuaa dap a proriwed buck, w 
by the repmofUi lallanlry a* he 
IiKiamadai.'' Warbunon conjea 
lead Cry Mm, that Im, " Eticoura^ 
Htratll" Tbil luili Ihi i»>ker and 
Iberafure verr plautEblc. See th tec 
Obd Ml of Uua play, whrro ibe p uh 

• Thta 'la a pan of a beautiful Utile i 
■MOdgBtabpMin'iSounittlnlaW Jiiit 

idu laaukilnei. , ... 

apl Bitned Igiiolo, which u thouglM lo - --„ 

uure Sir inker Raleigh. WahoD haa loaenad 
IS both In bia Complete Angler.nndet ibl charaaerof 

u BBOoOi KrBC wMcb wai mtdeby KH kfarlow^ unr 
eaM fllh yeui ago i ud an aiuwrr lo k, wbkbwal 
ad liy Sir Waber RaJelib bi bl> younger dan.— 
Xd uUoDad poetry but cbolcelT good.* Sir Su^ 
tirackes the liMi bi hta pank. The nailer will b« 
eaaed to lod them iilhn nnd oritaaplay. 
Thla Una ta Iniii lb* aU nnbn aC the IfTtb 

WJun ue did til In Babflm, 

bn ghtlo 8IrIIulb'ithoughtBbytb•Un■oftb*ma<l^ 
^ b Kd UA repeaudi and In biifrlfhihebkiiila 
lac ed end prolans Mmgi loguher. Theoldquaru 
baa— There Ureda manln Babykw,' which war the 
Um Un u oU aoog meniiiined bi TwstOh Nighl [ 

I H 4 A 



Ahy nrMt AmM Fm! 

^PUh JOB WMi 1m MMcj Mhs^ afl cf ym I 
AoL What! theiiPovd Md thewwi! dojm 

fltadr tliMB booi- awitnf pwwNir 
P^f» And TOMtkbl fliiU, a 7W Ambkt Md 

•OM, this r»w ilwiBBttie day? 
Eva, Tbcte is tmatm —d nmm ht it 
PiV*. W« are eoaa to joo, todo a fMd oCee, 

Eva, yiBiywdl: Whatiak? 

poraoBy If 
panljaad p atieac e, 

bo IUm, haviflf r ec oi T a d wnog by 
at most odda with Ida owb fravi 
tltft ofar 70a aaw. 

5M. I hafo Ktad Ibaroeofo joaia aad oDwaid ; 
I Dorar heard a BMm of hia pUeoy fravily, andiloam* 
■Mb 10 divide of hie omi renoet. 

jt«k What ia hat 

Pagv, 1 think joa 

Cahuu the renowned FreBch 
Evm. Ool'a win, and Ua p 

paanoo of ■;? heart I I 
jMd aa liefron woold tea nM«f a BMaa qrpoRidge. 

Fagt, Why? 

.Aw. HohaettOBMre knowled|p in 
and Galen,— and he ia a kaaTo beeidee ; 
I7 knaire, ae joa woold desiree to bo 

IwaRBBtyoOyha'adia ana AonU 6gM 

Hat dol 

adeeat>of«7 ha. 


TOO were wont to 

Em, Tlibiiwefl; he hna ivado na ! 
alo^*— I deeve yon, that wo smj ha I 
letne knog oar pndna laMAar, to W 

heat of the Gartec 

bring me Wi^A 
Be too. 
£^ WeOylwa 


leader: Whether 

or ere yoor ■aatei's h eel e ? 

I had rather, I 
than ioDow hiai liko a 
Pap. Oyoaara a iattaring hqgr | W,I 


Ba DIB. 

Sfan. O^awoeCAaneFife! 
8kaL Jt appeaiB eo^ by hie 

n>; here ooowe doctor Caaoi. 

EhUt Hoar, CAnre, and Svaar. 

Pag9, Nay, good onster paiaon, keep 

ShaL 80 do yoB, good maater doctor. 

JBb§L Disarm mem, and let them qoeeticpi : Wt 
keep their Umbo whole, and hack ow Eanish. 
1 pr^ yoB, letF« bm speak a wort rit 
: V ereibre iw yon not meet amie 7 

Eva, PkayyoB, use yoor patienee: Ingoodtime. 

Caau, By gar, yoo are do coward, de Jack dog, 

JETvo. Pray yoo, let us not bo laBf^muHrtofs to 
bdier men's humoors ; I desire yoo m^ mencuhip, 
and I will one way or other make yoo amends :— 
I will knog your urinab about your knare*s cogi^ 
comb, tor missing your meetings and appMotments. 

Conis. Diabkf'-JadL Rogbyj—nune Hoti de 
Jarttm, hsTe I not stay for hiio. to kill him 7 hare 
I not, at de place I did appoint / 

Eva, As I am a Christians soul. now. look yoo, 
diis is the olace appointed ; 1*11 be juogment by 
mine hoet of the Ckiter. 

HotL Peace, I say Guallia and Gaol, fVench 
and Welsh ; aoutcurer and body-curer. 

Cmut. Ay, dat is Tery good ! excellent ! 

JSTosf. PeacOi I say ; near mine hoet of the Gar- 
ter. Am I politie 7 am I subtle 7 am I a Machia- 
Tel 7 Shall I loee my doctor 7 no : he gives me the 
potions, and the motiona. Shall I lose my parson 7 
■ayprieet, mr Sir Hugh 7 no: he gives me the 
prorerbe ana tiie no-rerbs.— <#ire me thy hand, 
terrestial ; so : — Gire me thy hand, celestial : so. 
^— Boys of art, I have deceived you both ; I nave 
dBrectea yoo to wrong places : your hearts are 
Bu^ty, your skins are whole, and let burnt sadc 
he the iasosw— Come, lay their swords to pawn : — 
Follow me, lad of peace ; (UIow, follow, follow. 

ShaL Trust me, a mad hoet :— Nlow, gentle- 
amn. follow. 

Sim. O, swoet Anne Pige ! 

[EmmU Shal. Slsh. Paob, and Host. 


Mn, Fagt, Trafy, sir, to see 
at hoaM7 

JBfard. Ay ; and aa idle aa sli 
Uier. for want of company : I thinky'^ 
bands were dead, yoo two woold 

Mn, Fagt, Bo aims of ' 

AfdL Where had yoB this prsOywi 
not tsl what llw 



What do yon 

Mn, Pago, f caBBOt 

tBM ie my husband had him of: 
caB your kniAt** name, siRah7 

sib. fiftrMn Fklsiaf: 

#M. Sir John Falataff! 

3ha,Pag9,B9^hfii Icannerorbit 
Hiere ia suoh a lea^ie b e t we en nry good 
he !— Ie TOur wife at home, indeedf? 

FML Indeed she is. 

Afirf. Page, By your leave, sir ;— 4 
I see her. [£s<fimt Bins. Paob 

/brd. Has Pace any brains 7 hath ha aar ejne? 
hath he any thinking f Sure, they sleep ; he hath 
no use of them. Why, this boy wiR carry a letter 
twenty milee, as easy as a cannon will siioot poiait 
blank twelve ecore. He piecee-oot his wifo'is mdi- 
nation ; he gives her folly motion and advaBta|e : 
and now she's going to my wife, and F^UatsdPi Doy 
with her. A man may hoar dlis shower aaw m tfiie 
wind !— and Falstaflfs boy with her !*^?ood plots ! 
— they arc laid ; and our revested wivee share dam 
nation together. Well ; I will take him ; then tor- 
ture my wife, pluck the borrowed vefl of mu do a l y 
firom the so-eeeming mistrees Page^ divnlge ^Kge 
himself for a secure and wiUiil Aetmon ; and to 
these violent proceeding all my iiiiighhnBts shall 
cry aim.* [Clock Orikt^ The clock givaa aso asy 
cue. and my assurance bids me search ; there I 
shall find Falstaff : I shall be rather pramed for this, 
than modked ; for it is as positive aa dio onrlh ■ 
firm, that Fklstaff n there : I will gow 

filter Paob; Shallow, SLXin>Bm, Hoar, Snt 
HuoH EvAirs, CAn7s, and Roobt. 

ShaL Page, ^ Well met, nmsterFord. 
Fhrd, Thist me good knot : I have good 
at home : and, I pray you alL go with ase. 
ShaL 1 must excuse myseli, master Ford. 

4 To cry o^ia archery was to 
archers by crying om aim when Aey were 
sboot. Hence it came 10 be uMd for to applaud cr an 

1 FooL 

fl Flouiing<«iock. 

t L a. "^ 

•eulPdkeai, a term of rsproach. Chaucer 

Hprscaiee on the eerlvener who ndswriiss his VI 
^'undsr thy hmg toeks maysst than have iha acaUa » J 

coorage, in a general sense. It seems that the qHCtt- 
tors in general cried aim occastonally, as a mere wofi 
of encouragemem or applattse Thas, In K. Johi^ A0I 


( b m beeeems this presence Ie ojn 
To theee m tuned lepstUons * 




Am. And ao bmmI I, nr ; we hare appointed to 
Sm9 with BuaCreM Anne, aad I wouM not break 
fvith her lor more money than FU ipeak oC 

SkaL We have lufered about a mateh between 
Jhane Pige and mj ooonn fileader, and that day 
w ahall oaTe oar answer. 

Am. I hope, I have yonrjoed will, fiuher Pace. 

Ptig*. Ton have, ma«terSwnder; Istandwh<uly 
for yon : — but my wife, master doctor, is lor yon 

Caha, Ay, b^ sar ; and de maid is lore-a me ; 
UKj nursh-a Qoidofy teU me so mush. 

JBmC What say you to young master Fenton 7 
ha capers, he daises, he oas eyes of youdlu he 
writes Terses, he speaks ho^da^J he smells April 
and Hay: he will carry't, be will carzy't; *tis in 
ais buttons J* he will carry't. 

IVfc Not b^ my consent, I promise you. Ilie 
Mntleman is or no haTuig :* he kept company with 
oie w9d Prince and Poins ; he is of too high a re- 
gion, he knows too much. No, he shall not knit a 
not fai his fortunes with the finger of my substance : 
if he take her, let him take her rimply ; the wealth 
1 have waits on my 4Kmsent, and my consent goes 
not that way. 

JWti.^ I beseedi jou, heartUv, some of you go 
Imne with me to dmner : besides your cheer, you 
alull lisre sport ; I will show you a monsterw— — 
Master doctor, you shall go ; — so shall you, master 
Plum I — ^And yon. Sir Hugh. 

SkaL Well, Ikre you well :— we shall hare the 
freer wooing at master Page's. 

IJBxtttni Shallow and Slehdeb. 

Cams. Ck home, John Rugby ; I come anon. 

[ExU Rvaar. 

JBmC Farewell, my hearts : I will to my honest 
knifht Fabtair, uid drink canary with him. 


FhnL L4side.1 Itiunk, I shall drink nimpe-wine* 
first with nim ; rll make him dance. Unii you go, 
0satjes 7 

AB, HaTe with yoo, to see this monster. 


6CKNK m. A IZsom m Ford's Hom§$. Enter 
Mas. Foni> mud Mas. Page. 

Jilra IML What. John! what,Robort! 
Mn. Pof c Quickly ! quickly : Is the buck- 

H^ TM, I warrant Z'-What, Robin,! say. 
MitiUr ServtmtM wiA a hatikeU 

Pmg9, CoaM, come, come. 
Mfn, FML Here, set it down. 
Jtfv Pagt, Oire yW men the charge ; we must 

JAm. AHL Marry, as I toM you before, John 

>flBd XoberL be ready here hard by in the brew- 

ho MS ; and when I suddenly call you, come forth, 

and (without any pause, or staggering) take this 

I To speak out of the conunon style, mperior u> the 
vnllBCv in allusion to the better dreis worn on holidays. 
•eSi iL Henry IV. P. I. 

'* With many Midof and lady terms.*> 

fl Alluding to an ancient coMom among niatlcs, of 

■ryfng whetfier they should succeed wkh thefr mi atr e m es 

carrying the (lower culled bmehehr^t imttcnt in 

pockois. They Judged of their good or bad sue- 

hy (heir growing or not growing there. Hence, to 

mektUT*9 buUomj sBesu to hare grown into a 

for being unmarried. 

tLe.Foituneorpoanarions. So, in Twelfth NIgbc : 


Ml make dirision of my present with you : 
lIoU, Umre Is half my coffer • 
4 Cmmarv is the name of a dance as well as of 
a «iae. Pi^-wme is wine, noc from the bottle but 
4hs irfpeercask. The Jeet oonriats In the ambiguky of 
aa went, which algnifles both a cask of wine and a 
mnlaal faMPusaen t^ * I*n giro him pipe wine, which 

• Bleachers of linen. 
ft?> ^!l!y35g7 **^*^^' hare Bssd as a Jocnlar larm 

bariiet on your shoulders : that done, trudge with 
it in all Imste, and carry it among tne whitsten* 
in Datchet meaid, and there emp^ it in the muddy 
ditch, doee by the Thantes' side. 

Mn.Pag9. TouwiUdoit? 

Mrt, fSrd, I hare told them orer and <yrer*, 
they lack no direction : Be gone, and come when 
you are called. [i?««iiiil Serrants, 

Mn. Pagt, Here comes little Robin. 

EfiUr RoBiir. 

Jkfre. FML Bow now, my ayaa-musket 7' wha . 
news with you 7 

jRofr. My master ^ John has come in at yout 
back door, mastreaa Ford; and requasta you> 

Mn, Page, You little Jack*a4eat,* ha^e you 
been true to us 7 

Biob, Ajj m be sworn: Mr master knows not 
of jcm bemg here : and hath threatened to put 
me into ererlasting lUierty, if I tell you of it ; nr, 
he swears, he'll turn me away. 

Mn. Page. Thou art a good boy; this secrecy 
of thine shall be a tailor to thee, and shall make 
thee a new doublet and hose. — ^PU go hide me. 

Mn. f\frd. Do so : — Go tell thy master, I am 
alone. Mistress Page, remeniber you your cue. 

SEmit RoBiv. 
io not act it, 
hiss me. J^^ l^^^* Page. 

Mn. Ford. Go to then : we'd use this unwhole- 
some humidity, this groaa waterr pumpion ;->-we'll 
teach him to know tivtles firom jays.* 


I'Vrf. JETotis I caught thee, my AsoaeniEy jewd?* 
Why, now let me die, for I hare lired long enough : 
this IS the period of my amhitioa : O this blessed 

Mr$. JFM. O sweet Sir John! 

J^ Mistress Ford, I cannot cog, I cannot prate, 
mistress Ford. Now shaU I sin in mv wish: I 
would tbr husband were dead : FU speak it before 
the best lord, I would make thee my lady. 

Mrs. Ford. I your huly. Sir John 1 alas, I should 
be a pitiful lady. 

PoL Let the court of France show me such 
another ; I see how thine eye would emulate the 
diamond; : Thou hast the right arched bent^^ of the 
brow, that becomes the shtp-tirei, the tire-raliant, 
or any tire of Venetian admittance.* * 

Mn JFhrd. A plain kerchiel^ Sir John : my brows 
become nothing else ; nor that well neither. 

PaL By theXord, thou art a traitor to say so : 
thou woiud'st make an absolute courtier ; and the 
firm fixture of thy foot would giro an excellent mo 
tion to thy gait, in a semi-circled forthingale. I see 
what thou wert, if fortune thr foe** were not : na- 
ture is thy firiend : Come, thou canst nothide it. 

Mrs. Ati. Beliere me, there's no such thin^ 
in me. 

7 Ji otufftd vupptt thrown at throu^out lent, as 
cocks were at shroretide. So, in * The Weake« cors 
to the Wall,* 1600. 

* A mere anocomy a Jodfc o/ JLenl.* 

S L e. honeet women fl<om looss ones. The woru 
Futta in Italian signiflea bocha>ay and a ktose woman. 
8o, in Cymbeline : 

" mmojw of Italy 

Whose mother was her pamtmg,** kc. 
f Thb hi the fine line in the second song of Sklney^s 
Astro^l and Stella. 

10 First folio i—beau^. 

11 That is, any fanciful head-dr^M worfi\)y the cele. 
brated beauties of Venice, or snpruved by them. In how 
much reaueat the Venetian tire at head-dress was for- 
merly held, aroears fhnn Burton's Anatomy of Melan- 
choly, 1894. "Let her hare the Spanish gate, the Ve- 
netian Ure^ Italian compUmeius and endowments.** 

13 For tone mjf Foe is the beginning of a popular oU 
ballad enumeradng all the misfonunss that fiUl on 
mankind through the caprice of Fortune. The tuna 
waa the same with that of < Death and the Lady,* to 
which the metrical lamentatfcma of extraordinary cri. 
minala wan chaniad for two hundrad yaan and aaca 



/U. What made me loipe tiiee 7 let that peranade 
thee, there's lomething eztraordmarf in thee. Come, 
I cannot bog, and say thou art this and that, like a 
many of these lisping nawthom bods, that come like 
women in men*s appard, and smell like Backlers- 
bmry* in simpto-time: I cannot: bat I loTe thee ; 
none but thee ; and toou deserrest it. 
. Mrs. fhrd, Uo not betray me, sir ; I fear you 
lore mistress Page. 

Fed. Thou might'st as well say, I love to walk 
by the Counter*-gate ; which is as hateful to me 
as the reek of a lime-nln.* 

Mn. Ford. Well, heaven knows how I love you ; 
andyou shall one day find it. 

Fm, Keep in that mind ; Fll deserve it. 

Mn, Ford, Nay, I must tell you, so you do ; or 
else I could not be in that mind. 

Rob, [loicAin.] Mistress Ford, mistress Ford! 
here's mistress Page at the door, sweating and 
blowing, and looking wildly, and would needs speak 
with you presently. 

Fdi, She shall not see me ; I will ensconce me 
behind the arras.^ 

Mn, Ford, Pray you, do so ; she's a very tattling 
woman.-— [Falstatf Mdu himadf, 

EnUr Mistress Paox and Robiv. 

What's the matter? how now 7 

Afrs. Page* O mutress Ford, what have you 
done 7 Tou're ashamed, you are overthrown, you 
are undone for ever. 

Mn, FML What's the matter, good mistress 

Mrs. Page, O well-a-day. mistress Ford ! having 
an honest man to your husband, to give him such 
cause of suspicion f 

Mn, Fhrd. Wha^ cause of suspicion 7 

Mn, Page, What cause of suspicion ?— Out upon 
you ! how am I mistook in you ! 

Mn, Fard, Why, alas ! what's the matter 7 

Mn, Page, Tour husband's coming hither, wo- 
man, with dl the officers in Windsor, to search fi>r 
a gentleman, that, he says, is here now in the house, 
by your consent, to take an ill advantage of his ab- 
sence : Tou are undone. 

Mrs. jFbni. Speak Iouder.^[.^«i(ie.] — ^Ttsnotso, 
I hone. 

3in. Page. Prav heaven it be not so, that you 
have such a raan here ; but 'tis roost certain your 
husband's coming with half Windsor at his heels, to 
search for such a one. I come before to tell you : 
If yoti know yourself clear, why I am glad of it : 
but if you have a friend here, convey, convey him 
out. Bo not amazed : call all your senses to you : 
di'fond your reputation, or bid farewell to your good 
life for ever. 

Mr*. Ford. What shall I do 7 — ^There is a gen- 
tleman, my dear friend ; and I fear not mine own 
lihamo, so much as his peril : I had rather than a 
thousand pound, he were out of the house. 

1 Formerly chiefly hihabitMl by dniggidta, who »old 
all kinda ni' Herbs green ta well aa dry. 
*i The Counter au a prison was odiuus to FolstaCT. 
8 So, in Corlolanua — 

* Whose brenth I hate 

As reek o* the rotten fens.'* 

The nnmo of ihispriiion waa a frequent subject of jocu- 
larity with our ancestors. Shakspearo has availed 
hini:>clf uf it in the Comedy of Errors. My old acquain- 
tance Buret TCCOTda one pleasantly enough in his Al- 
veario, 1573. — " We sale merrily of him who hath been 
in ihi> Counter or such like placet of prison : Ho can 
sing hid counter-tenor very well. And in anger we say, 
I will make you sing a couQter>tenor for this geare : 
roeanin:; imprisooment." 

4 The spaces led between the walls and wooden 
framc.'i on which the tapestry was hung, were not more 
cr>oiin<Kli(ius to our ancestors, than to the authors of 
ancient dramatic jiieces. 

5 Bleachhtg time. 

6 These wnnh, which are charactcrlMic, an<l spoken 
10 Mrs. Pa?« a!fi<le, de-icrvc to be restured from ine old 
quarto. He bad used Uie same words before to Mrs. 

3Sh, Page, For sfaaiiie, BOfvr itmud, yauhmi 
ther, and you had rather; your hnsbwid'a hara 
handfbethmkyouof soDiecoayeTaiice: in the' 
you cannot hide lum.— O. howmiTe yoa daui 
me ! — Look, here is a baaket ; if he l>e of any 
sonable stature, he m».j creep in here ; and 
foul linen upon him, as if it were going to bo 
Or^t is whiting-time*, send him oy your two 
to Datchet mead. 

Mrt. FML He's too big to go in there : 

Re-^Kter FAUTArr. 

FaL Let me see't ; let me see't ! O let me see't 
111 in, I'll in ; — follow your friend's cotmael :— FU i 

MrM, Page, What ! Sir John Falstaff! Are theiv 
your letters, knight? 

FaL 1 love tHee, and none but thee ;' help me 
away : let me creep in here ; fll never* 

[He goet into the batiket; they eeoer km. wUk 
foul Imen, 

Mrs. Page, Help to cover yotv master, boy: 
Call your men, mistress Ford : — fou disMnUing 
knight ! 

Mn, Ford, What, John, Robert, John ! [Exit 
Robin ; Re'cnter Servants.1 Go take up these 
clothes hero, quickly ; whore's the cowl-staff?* look, 
how you drumble :" carry them to the laundreas in 
Datcnet mead;* quickly, come. 

Enter Ford, Page, Caius, and Six Huqu 


Fhrd, Pray you, come near : if I suspect vrith- 
out cause, why then make sport at me, then let me 
bejrourjest; I deserve it. — ^How now? vidkither 
bear you this ? 

Serv, To the liumdress, forsooth. 

Mn, Ford. Why, what have you to do whither 
they bear it? Tou were best meddle with buck- 

Ford, Buck? I would I could wash myself of the 
buck ! Buck ! buck ! buck ? Ay, bucdt 7 I warrant 
you, buck : and of the season too, it shall appear. 
[Exeunt Servants with the batkeL] Gentlemen, I 
nave dreamed to-night; I'll tell you my dream. 
Here, here, here be my keys : ascend my chambers, 
search, seek, find out : rll warrant we'll unkennel 
tho fax : — Let me stop this way first ; — So, now 

Page. Good master Ford, be contented: yon 
wrong yourself loo much. 

Fora. Tr^e, master Page. — Up, gentlemen : yoa 
shall see sport anon : follow me, gentlemen. [EriL 

Eva, This is fery fantasticad humours, and jea- 

Caiu». By «ir, 'tis no do fashion of France : it is 
not Jealous m France. 

Page. Nay, follow him. gentlemen, see the issue 
of his search. [Exeunt E. v ans, Page, and Caicts. 

Mn. Page. Is there not a double ezceflency in 
this ? 

Mrs. Ford. I know not which pleases me better, 
that my husband is deceived, or Sir John. 

7 A staff used for carrying a cowl or tub with twn 
handles to fetch water in. ** Bieothf a rmtU'Staffe to 
carie behind and before with, as they use in Italy to 
carie two buckets at once." — Florio^a DieHonmy, 1 j98. 

8 To drumhle and drone meant to move eluggifihiy. 
To dntmfUe, in Devonshire, means to mutter in a sullen 
and inarticulate voice. A drumble drone, in the western 
dialect signiAes a drone or humble-bee. That master 
geniuiiof modern times, who knows so skilfully how to 
adiqx his language to the characters and manners of the 
age in which his fable is laid, has adopted this word in 
♦ The Fortunes of Nigel,» voL ii. p. 396 :— " Why how 
she drumblea — I warrant she stops to lake a sip on thie 

9 Dennis observes that, Mt Is not Kkely Falsiaff 
would suffer himself to be carried to DatcheC mean, 
which is half a mile from Windsor ; arid k is r^ain tfait 
they couki not carry him, if he made any resistance.* 

10 Hanmcr proposed to read uncouple ; but, periia|M^ 
unenpe had the same sii^iificatjoii. It means, st any 
rate, to begin the bunt after him, when tbs holes fSor ea* 
cups had beou slopped 


nut k UUog «M ha i 

ntcail I would 

^ _ „ n;hTltuiver 

nw huB » pw in hU jadouijr till now 

Jft-LPnft. I*illtt;*plDttatrjthat And in 
will TBL bt*s fflon Iricki inlh FilaUff: hii dino- 
hue diKua mil Kiru obaj tbia madtciLs. 

JUn, /WiL BluU we Had IhU feoliih currion, 
BiHrm QuicUj, to him, ud ncua* lua thiowing 


1. Pagt. W 

BrttiB FoKD, PtoE, CiiDi, ofld BiK Hush 

JiVi leumotfindhiin: my ba ihe kniTa bng- 
Md or IhU bs could not annpu*. 

tbt. Pagt. Heard joa th(t7 

Mn. fwd. Aj, Kj, pucB : — Ton <at aa wall, 
mutar Ford, da you I 

Ftwi. Ay, I do ». 

Mn. Fird, BeiTao nuke you better than your 

Mn. Page. Tbu do younalf mighlj wrong, mu- 
ter Ford. 

/Wrf. Ay, ly i I mutt bcu it. 

Eta, IT ihare be toy poAj n the hoiue, and in 
4w cbUDbarif nnd in ihecofl^n.^d inthapranei, 
h«a*»D (briiTa my lins u lbs Jay of iudpncnt. 

Cahu. gy gar, nor I too: dure i> no bodiu. 

PiVC Fm, fie, muter Foni I ve younol uhuncd I 
Wbat aplrit, what deril laggaata thii unoguiation 7 
1 would not navo your dintaDiper in tbit kind for the 
wi^Ib of Windaor ChiIc. 

I^nL *ri> my fault, muler Plf^ ; Iiuflerlbril. 

thnvund, and lire hundtec 
CaiMt. By gv, I Beo *tij 
Ford. Well;— IiiromiM . 


le park : I pray ygu, P^ilo" ■"" 1 ' 

Uiif,-Conir,wir«;— Conie,miJlrenP>EBi Ipny 
Joo pardon mo ; pray heartily, pardon me. 

Pa^. Let's go m, ^(lemen ; but, trust me, we'll 
mock him. I do invito you lo-norrow mommg 1o 
sty hooH to breikfail ; lAiir, we'll a birdin* lof e- 
thcr ; I h.ire a Ana bawb for the biuh ; ShtU itV ao ? 

FnnL Any thing. 

Ebo. If there ii one, I ibtU mUa two in (he 

Can*, ir there ba one or two, I ahiU nuk*-» dc 

Eva. In yonr taath : for ahame. 

Aid. Pray you go, maater Page. 

Eta. I pray you now remembrance lo-morrow, 

CUu. Dat i> good ; by fiar, >it all my heart. 
few. A looey kniTe ; lo hare hii gibee, and hii 

SCENE IV. A Ram m Page'i fflnua. . 

FuTon muiUiiTHua AmiB Pasi. 

FrM. I me, I cannot get thy fathi 

Alai I how then 7 

Ferit. Why, thou muel 

He dolh object, I tun too great of binb , 
And that, my ilUe being giU'd nilh my oip 
1 seek to heal it only by hii wealth ; 
Beaidea Iheae, other bare be laya before me,- 
My riuta pait, ny wild aoeietiaa ; 

I should lore tbec^ but aa a property. 

.^■ke. Hay he, he telle you true. 

J^nt. No, iiMveneo «peed me in my time ID I 
Albril, I will confeaa, tliy falber'i weallhi 
Waidie' - -" ■■ -'■ ■' - ■ - 


_ 'd ihae. Auk; 
lee, I found Ihee uT more lelue 
n gold, or niraa in lealed bagi j 
try richei of Ibyeelf 

Jon ii jupiuJtrd by k flubteqiLenl (HUiafla, where t':a\. 
itaX t*jt : " (he jraToui knvTe asked ihem once or 
lirice wAal wu (n the bukn." U le remarkable Ihat 

Itoma llilii nay be (iTeii to thOM who ihal] endes- 
naru ealci^ala the Increaae oT En)illab wealth, by ub. 
nrrlof that LaiynFr.lniheUme of Edward VI. men. 
liona It ■■ * proof oC hia IWbei's proepcrKy, " Ihnt 
eaeh Gir Ibelr pintao." At the lauaremlor Elliabeihi, 
VTM hundred pound* were tuch a lomjXBdoD lo court- 
■Up,!* made all oiher motirre impeclfii. Con^reif 
■due Iwelrt ihoueaml poundi nnn than cntujler- 
Maac* to the alTealon aC Belinda. No poet will nov 
toUa braiidu ciMrirtM ai laaa than Dfty thouiand. 

Avu. Gentle ii 

If opuortuiuty and humbloit iutt 

Cannot attain it, why than— Hark you hither. 

[TAijr ivniMrae ^si 

Enter Sballow, SLKBnai, and Haa. QuicaLi, 
ilreaa Quickly ; my 
belt on't:' slid, lii 

Shil. Be not diamay'd. 

Situ. No, aha ihall not dianuy me : I care not 
)r that, — but that I am afiiard. 
Quick. Haik ye ; master Slender would apeak n 

>, what a world of tils ill-lkvoui'ir Guilts 
jooks haodionie in tfaree hundred pouiKla a yeu ! 

Qaiot. And haw doea good master Fenlon'i 
•cay you a word with you. 

ShaL She a coming : to her, c 
adit a &Iher 1 

SJn. I had a father, mistreaa Anne ;— my undo 
an lell you goodjcila of him ; — Ptay you, uncle, 
ell mietrees Anne the jeat, how my fathar atole two 
:eeie out of a pen, good unde, 

Slud. Mitueai Anne, my conain lorea you. 

— ■- GloiiceaVr------ " "• " " "' ""*■ 

Ho will 
Slen. Ay, that 

SluL Manr, I thank you for it ; I thank too K 
that good comfort. She calla you, coi : I'll leaT 

AnHT. Now, master Blender. 

^Irn. Now, good mistreea Abne. 

^nne. What is your »iU I 

SItn. ftly wiU 1 od'aheanJinge.lhal'i apietlyjcai 

0_boy, (hou 

EDder, what woiud you 

rhe prorerb jrobably meai 
nr ouier of k. — I will do I 

se Is obriously " 

with me, under the degree of a eqiibe." Cui itnd long 

tail Dwani all kinda of ciirull cun, and sportlnf dof 

and all oihara. ll is a phriao of irequem oeeunenciil 

ira of iha period : ereiy kind oTdof bebw comi | 

lMlBader«faiidtov'^>""7"^" I™^ ' 

miwili Iiw iiwaiiwrli illr Mt-f 

I UM ra. wu, msf 

FmL It^ff mm 

Pm^ Mm m ao mtifh §ur _ 
P(tmL titf will joa hear mml 

iVff*. KOyfOod 

Co— I mmmar EkmJkm ; comm, mi 

" if mind, yos wroag me, aasler Feotoa. 

flpedi to MMtreet Pace. 
Ootid lairtrm Paft, for iJat I lore jaor 
la Mch a rifhteoai laaluMi aa I d^i, 
Ferlbree, ajaiail all dMcka, rebukea, and naaaera, 
I antt advMOQ the rjAam of nj lore, 
Aad aot retire : Let mm have jrow food wiD. 
Anm. Oood aMiber, do aoc aarry mm to jwod* 

Mn. Faf «. I neaa it not ; I aeek 70a a baUer 

Oaiolr. That's mj OMatar, maatcr doctor. 

Jmm. Alaa, I bad rather be set quick i' the earth, 
Aid bow1*d Ut death with tnmipa. 

Jiff. Faf«. Coma, trouble not jounalf: Oood 
maeter Fentoo, 
I will Dot be jour friead, nor anemr. 
Mjr dauchter will I queetioa how 100 lorei jou, 
And ae I find her. eo am I affected ; 
Till then, farewell, sir :^«he muit needi fo in ; 
liar fiOher will be angry. 

[£mtuni Mas. Paob and A»nb. 

Ftnt. Farewell, gentle mistreee ; farewell. Nan. 

Quidi9 Thia is ny doing, now :— Najr. said I, 
willyou cast away ymr chila on a fool, and a physi- 
cian 7 I^Mik on master Frnton .'—this is my doing. 

FItnl, I thank thee ; and I pray thee, once* to- 
Give my sweet Nan this ring: There's (or thy pains. 


Quiek. Now hoaren s«*nd thoe good fortune ! A 
kind heart he hath : a woman would run through fire 
and water for surh a kind heart. But yet. I would 
my master had niistrrss Anne : or I would master 
Bfemler ha«l hi*r ^ or, in siNith, I would master Fen- 
too had her : I will do what I ran for them all thn^e ; 
for so I hare promised, and IMl be as good as my 
Word ; but spnriously' for master Fcnton. Well, 
I must of anothnr errand to Sir John Falstaff from 
my two mistresses : What a beast am 1 to slack* it 7 


0CENE V. .^ Aeom m Ms Oorlfr /mi. EnUr 
FALsTArr and Baedolph. 

Pat, Bardolphy I say,^ 

Jtofd. Ilrre, sir. 

#W. Oo frirh me a quart of sack; put a toast 
m*t. [Kait Baed.] Have I lived to be carried in a 
basket, like a barrow of butcher's offkl ; and to be 
thrown into the Thames 7 Well ; if I be senred such 
another trirk, IMl hare my brains ta'en oat, and 
butterM. ami give them to a dog for a new year's 
gifl. Tne rogues slighted me into the river with as 
flttle remorse/ as they woidd have drowned a bitch's 
blind puppies^ (if\eea i' the litter : and vou may 
know by my sue, that I have a kind of alacrity in 
ainking'; if the bottom were as deep as hell. I should 
down. I had been drowned, but that the shore 

Pml. Take away 1 
ponle of sack isMdy. 

Bar. Wich««M,nr7 

PdL SianaieTaself; Flao , 

brewage.— ffsil BAM90Lwm.] — How 

■istreae Ford. 

#W. MisiresaFonI! Ihave had find 

waathrowB iaiolbafiMd: I hara my bslj 

^aicL Alas the day ! gaod heart, that 
her fault; she doaa so lake oa widi her m 
mistook their crectioB. 

#W. 80 did I mine, to bold opoa a fiMfiikwo- 




m's promise, 

Qtddk, WeO 
yearn your bei 
Boming a birding; she dasireajpoa 

ooase to her between eight and ame : I 

her word quickly: sheTI make you amenda, I 
rant you. 

#U. Wen, I wm Vint her: TeO her ao : a»l bid 
her think what a man is : let her oooaidar ma ftatt- 
ty, and then judge of my meriL 

QmeL I wmtoD her. 

Pad. Do so. Between nina and ten aay'at thovT 

OKiek. Eight and nine. sir. 

PaL Well, be gone : I will not miss her. 

OM»dL Peace be with you, sir ! ,[EmL 

Fat, I marvel, I hear not of master Brook ; ha 
sent me word to stay within ; I like his money well. 
O, here he comes. 

EnUr FoaD. 

/Vd. Bless you, sir ! 

Fid, Now, master Brook 7 you come to kaosr 
what hath passed between me and Ford's wife 7 

I Thl« Is a pmwrblaleiprNMton of fVeqaeni ocrer. 
imre. The spperem stcnlAreUon hers Is : * Hanpineas 
be hispnrtkm whii succes d shwt,* bmthe aeaerei mean- 
felg of ilM ptoaae amy be laMfNisd I « Let We 

Ford. That, indeed, Sir John, is my busin< 

Fal, Master Brook, I will not lie to you ; I 
at her house the hour she iq>pointed me. 

Fnd. And how sped you, sir 7 

/U. Very ill-fiivouredly. master Brook. 

Ftrd, IIow so, sir ? Dul she change her determi - 

Fal, No, master Brook : but the peaking cornnto. 
htir husband, master Brook, dwelling in a continual 
larum of jealousy, comes me in the instant of our 
encounter, afler we had embraced, kissed, protested, 
and, as it were, spoke the prologue of our comedy ; 
and at hie heels a rabble or his companiooB, thither 
provoked and instigated bv his distemper, and, for- 
sooth, to search his nouse for his wife's love. 

Fcird, What, while you were there 7 

Fed, While I was there. 

/brd. And did he aeardi lor you, and could not 

Fal. You shall hear. As good luck would have 
it. comes in one mistrees Page j gives intelligence of 
Ford's approach ; and, 1^ her mventioii, ana Ford's 
wife's distraction,* they conveyed me into a budi- 

or kN be happy man.* Dolt \* the pa« paniciple and 
MM tefltfeofiae A. 8. verhl>«laN, 10 deal, to divide, m 

aLe-eemsMiMaMilglN. aSpsdally. 4Neglsct. 

iPky. «Cttps. 

T M. Miflan prsposse 10 laai «niciiii», bat ; 
lbs chaage Is not r 

AT wiTEB or wmoxM. 

JUL fc *• iM^akHk-l 

MwilhiidrtatnuidMacki, ^., 

ud pM^ IBfkM ; *■!, MMtir Brwh. thw waj 

JVA Aidliii«kwk7r«llHnT 

H. Nij, Tou ilull bwr, ^uUr Bi«k, whM I 
hSTt nAred lo hrmf llua wonui to «ril bic jour 
■pod. Bnif liiii* enaiBHl m a buktt, ■ eoupU of 
IM^ kuna, hb hmib, mn calUd fonh ^ ibpir 

DUdwl-l«Mr^>r Wok ■■ OB thwr liuuktaru ; 
■MdwJMkwskatrctlMimMUriathaikHr; wb'i 
Mfead lb«a ooM tr twio* iriuit ilwy had is ilM'Lr 
hMtat: I qodMd fcr fou kM tfaa huatia knivv 
■oald ban iiehid it : Ml Fwla, gnlaiiiiai lit- 
•lM>aUb«a<»kaU,lMUWhaad. W^:Miin»i 
Iw i»r a Mtith, ami away wuw I fcr faia rioiiw-s. 
But naik tba aaqod, aaHor Brook : I luflbnd ti,e 
maaetHnm mml doathi; Bnt, an nulgrabk 
thffi^taheittmeUiwHh' aJMloiiBniaM boUweUi- 
M : BUI, Id ba i iiaiimir it Aa a good bilbo,' in Uic 
amMAcnca W a pack, bill lo poM, faaal In bud : 
and Ihaa, M ba itniiiad k, like a ilnag dicdllatisn, 
■ilkiliaiaHiliillinrtiliilliiiliiilliii |iiini 

wLakHna bat, in ihal Miria, UIm a hotae 111111 : ; 
duVlbat j-bnw hMr-Hlusk sT Ibat, maMi, 

JW. la t>ad «adh»w, wr, 1 am tmrj that fcr my 
aifca rao ban nAnd all Ihit. H; auit iJwn u 
■IwariH nm'll ondarlato bor do nore. 

JU. HaMrBrook,! will bo tbnm ialo £u a, 
■• I bar* baM ialo Ibamia, aia 1 will loan ker 
tboi. Hot bukaad ia llu Boniiiig iddo a biidkag ^ 

jBMt fta Bdsb BTAik 

Qiack. BlatKUt a[ h>> beart I 

Mr*. Paft. Kr Hugh, aj hoband lan, nj bm 
ptotiu DDihluif ia ih* world at )>■ bock ; I pnjr jou, 
-ik hiB UBS aooaliaiio is bio amiil— in 

fia. Coo* hitbar, WilliaoLj bold up jma boad { 

JIfn. Pagt. Coawoa,iinab; hold up your baad; 
lienor jour BUtar, ha ant afniiL 
£i«. VVllUain,hvwiiiaoTHwbenain>ouHT 
tm. Two. 
^■Biok. Trutj, I ihougbl dton bad baan cm an- 

_ — ■ ■■ . with TOOT eoioi 

Too obali bava her, maOar Braok 1 
you *aU cockoU Ford. 

Ani. Hub! 

^ I alovpT HaKer Foid, awake : awake, nwlir 
XWd ; Ibere'a 1 hole made in yourbeM coat, multr 
Tord. lUi 'tia lu ba matried ! Ihia 'lie u> b» r 
liliw. aad bock-baikeu ! — WbU, I will proclaim m . - 
■atfwhatlani I wia bow take Ibo fecbar ; be is 
aKarbonaa: b« eanDOt 'acaps na ; 'tin impouibi. 
httbmM; bo cannol enep iMo a haUpuDnj pun < , 
aor iota a pepper-boi : lHi,1althedeTilibai|uidi < 

^boosh whal I an I caniux avoid, yet 10 be what I 
«0BUBa(,thallD0l make ma lame: iTt haia honi' 
la iaako cos mad, let the pronrb go with me, Vli \>r 
ban mad. [£iiV. 

Jfea. J>^. lahe *l maaM rocd-i abaad*, IbUiV 

QiisL 8to«,baiah]rtlni; or will b« prMaally ; 
bu tndj, be u very ee ut a g o om * nad, about hii 
ik ni w iag mto lb* waier. Miariiiii Ford doiina t->u 

maehAcencebyoar aneeiUin. Thui b > lubaequtui 
piBin of iblo pl*r wa bate 1— 

* I HHwer WDWd (wpoei iha tua <tiik cold. 
JHlKt a d ainan 10 bar* booa Daed tn Iba aBbiB i>l 
M^KmCrMpeoelad. CaTendlah. in Ui Hatrkial V^ 

b-'Cauae thm nj, od'i Daunii, 
>nr,,Touitau]iBga. Wbat«/av,Wilfiam7 

(/i.Kfj. P.-jiilcala! there are tkiroT ihiaga than 

Ei:a. You in a nry aioptidty 'oaaB: 1 pray 
on paica. What ia limi, WiHiam T 

Sva. Aad what ia a atone, WiBkm 1 

miL A pebble. 

£m. No, it ia l^it; I pny you lanftac In 

fva. Thai ia good, William. What ia ba, Wil- 
an, that doaa iand iniclea 7 

HUl. Artidee an bonowed oTthe prmoon ; aad 
e ifaua dsdinod, Sintulmilr, m u M a tta o, A^ t«^ 

£ea. y aa ii i Brfii i u , hig, llag,lHgl piaj you, narii : 
■Min). *w>u .■ WetL wbal ■ ram wiatiii «it 1 
IVHL .doHeobiig, Uae. 
£ni. I pny you, have jour renembrMlee, chUd ; 

ftnic*. Hangliog bXaiicftr baeea^ I warraal you. 
£h. Leanyour prakUea, 'oaun. What ia Iha 


OaioL And ihai'i a goo 
£«■ 'Oman, rofbear. 
Uit.Pm. Peace. 
£1111. What u your an 

9>uck. ■V«na»or/<»V.caaeI 6e«h*r! 
-nerer oame her, child, if ibe ba a whore. 

Emo. Fur ahame, 'omau. 

^aiek. Too do ill to leach tba child auch wardi : 
e leachaa him lo hick and to back, which they'll do 
lal enougb of theoUBlRa ; and 10 call huum : — 

£h. *Obibb, art Ihou butatiisT beat thou no un- 
Fniaodingi for ihy nan, and the numbrn afiha 
ceodenT TTiou ait aa fcoliah ehriatian cnaiuin 
aa I would deiim 

Mrt. Pagt. Pr'ythee hold thy peace. 

Eva. Show me now, William, aome daetenwuM 

ieVL FonoMlu I hare rarnt. 

Eva. It ia U, k«, lad,' dyou lorgel yoar Uk 
nnr kat, aad yew adt, you maat ha praaehea.' 
Go your waya, and play, go. 

iloiH, haa Ihia nry pbraae— dtlMMdwiM, be fnseoa^ 

■ ' What la he of onr Woodi that wold ■« ba aocT 
- baafaoarnameawiMtaiJbaMMdiMefeit" 
M maM ban iba aama Baaahu h«, fer Pal. 

rat DOI ducoHnd, buHH^pRM^tba Jeakui 

Ford. Sama OMdain eAwt Ibt* aawananlabV ad 

S A Elite ia a Biwilak blade reaiAatte for i» tna 
per and fleiibUllf. The bM( i«ia« aoda at BIO^ 

1 Haka DiTWlf I 
» Bnechai, 1. e 

Jfi«L ^«. H* ■ • bMtw acfacilu Ihu I lboii(ht j 
Earn. H* ■ a fni^tm^ mmokj. EVnnll, I 

AL HiMna Fori, jaot torraw bub nuoi k 
■^niknoov; I ■>•,]»■■» ob«w ui o u»* in ja i 
bin, iBil I pn/— 2™ requiul U> ■ Atu'i br»dih 
Ml oalv, ■«(»« Pord, in (ba ^qile oScg of kiT> 
Imt W >U lbs •cooalnBul, aaplcnaU. ud c«r< 
■OHitfiL Bat uvjOdnmof jour hiBbuid DOS 

lin. P^ri, Hs'> ■ UnUu, fwesl Sic John. 
' If. Pt*. [itiMt.\ WliM kaa, gooip Fore 

JfriL Pm. How now, iwMlliuri T vbo'i at 
hnna bendi jourMtf T 

Mr*. Flwd. Why, noaa bat oum ova [w«|4a. 



3ha, Pf. Trolj, I tm M fhd jou hw« bd- 
bodr bare. 

. JHr(.Pa|«, Whj.woMULjaiirhBbaDduiBbj 
old bow** tfun: ba as laiaa on jonder wiih oi 
h»b«Bd I lO rai)* uubM all muried minkind ; k 
cona* u Eva'a daubtar^ of vhal coi^ilaxii.i 
HWT« ; and m budMiuoaaU on iha lorehaid, en 
inf^ Ptr ml, par mt !' that aajr na^ieaa, I eiv 
jat babald, aumd bat riiiiniiMi. aiitixj, and pu 
tisBCa. to Oiii hi* dkataaur ha ia to DOW : I an 
|Ud Ibe 61 hl^t ia aMkara. 
Jfra-Ard. Whr, doeaha talk tf biml 
JOtb Pft. Of Dooa bat Ihi ; and awMn. h 
<wai carriM oat, iha laM lima ba aaarchad foi biiji 
mabaakal: protnli lo my huaband ba il bow ban 
" " [h drawn bin and Iha rut of Uwir compu i 
mahs aootfaar axpsrimenlof Li 
o ^ad the knighl ii not hart 

.Ifn. /WA Tbera tbajalwajavad to di 
Hir hiidiiM [liinaa' Oraap inl- '*~ *-"- * 

i;jL Whn il itT 

Mra. JhW. Ha tM aaak than M Bf umL 
N'.'itMr ptaaa, cs&r, ckM^ tmk, w«B, Tadt, bM 
Ik lL4lh u ahamcl'^Git Iba noMabnaca of mek 
|>);ird, awl (DaatDlbanbyhiiDoMi l^aniaBa 
nKlmi Teu ia Iba boaaa. 


Mt, Pagt. If joggooatiayoarai— iaibla—i^ 
vim ilia, Bir Jobo. Dflaaa yen ao eat iliagiiliiJ,— 

,Hn. fML How ou^ we diafoae bis ? 

.Un. P^i. AlMtbaday, Ihaownot. 11m(«> 
[in vmnaa'a |ownbi|ODoa^ br Ubi; oUiaiiiia^ 
1,1 iiLigfatpaton ■ bal, a BoSar, aod a b^wti^ 

f'i. Ooad heuti, daiiia ariianrhini ai^ a» 
ir' itiity, ralhar thaa a iniachleE 

Mrt. FanL H; Buid'a amit, the &t wataaa rf 
Krintltn^' baa a gewa abore. 

lifn. Pagt. Onmf wortLitwiUaarrebim; Aa% 
Bi big aa he ia : and IhMa'a bar ihmm'd bal,* aad 
her nnSer too : Rim ap, Bb John. 

Jl^a-Ard. Oa,«i, iwaat Bta' Jolm: aiatow 
Pae- and I will lool anpa [iaan fir fan baad. 

Mn.Pi*. <tiwk,qBicki weV eaaaa diMa jaa 
•tiufbt I imt on tbe (ow> Ibe wUe. 

[Smt rALarur. 

Mr*. ArA I woaU b? iMwhand wnaH ■ I * baw 
in ihiaahapa: ba eanaot abide tba old wnwai rf 
Hrrnlford; be iwaata, Iba'a a witch ; CxtadaW 

from thar rtort. Id 

Jifra, F^rd. I am undone ! — tha kni^jht ia here , 

Strt. Paf V^y> liieii tdu are nUsily ihuueil, 

BDdbe'abuladeadmaD. What a woman an voo i 

— Awaj wiA him, away with him, better Uani" 

JWii. PWd. Which way ahould he pi T how iboii lii 
IbealowbimT Shall 1 put bim into liiebaihet again? 

AJ: No, rU coma do mora i' Iba buhel : May 

Jifn. Pagt. Alai. three of mailer Ford'i brothers 

watch the door with piiloli,' thai none ataall iuuo 

But'whU make* you here) 
FV, What ihall 1 da7— HI creep op inlo tlie 

.'vrrt. Pait. Heann nida bin la tby 
..lelj and IbadwiliP^---^ -'-'-• 

.IfrL /Wd. Butia m' 

.i;ra.Paf.. Ay,ingo; 
' iho badiBt too, bowi 

men to carry tba baihel again, lo mael bia at a* 
ii>nr with il, aa Ibey did lait tin*. 

Mn. Pagt. NaT, but boll ba hara pniiBdy; 
Ict'-ndraiihhnlika Ihe wllch of Bmlftrd.'* 

^lr^. Ford. HI fint direct my men, what bay 
'.li:,li da wiib Iha badiei. Oo up, lit bring Iba 
l'..[|,iin>tTaigfat. [EmI. 

M'l. Pore, Hang bint, diihoneii rarlel ! we <na- 

We'tl lelTe a piod^ by Ibal which wa will do, 

>Tii oU but true 




. FoaD, Bid 


Mm. Ant Go, 
■„.,r ihonlderm; V 
h. bid you .et it A 


2 Sere. Pray he 

lin, lake the 
aren, il be Off 

baAet again •« 
hard at7oor: it 
quickly dean^.*^ 


"^I'sero. I hope 

Dot; Ibad ai 


EniiT Ford, Paoe, ShiliiOw 
Hush Etah 

C*ici,aa4 Sm 

v^Uiri obaeauiout Ttien, Il both Inauncfi, Eoibi ktj 

I L a. liuucT, ireriT. 

4 flhmkflpeare nfera [oaiponofchitdren, wbotbii-' 
OBll ao a Willi to pudi li«ih lui bom : 

" Pew-out, pear oo, paar oot of raor bole, 
Or elH t¥ fiu TDU ai Mack 1* a eeal." 
* TUa 11 oaa or Sb(kipian>a aoacbronlniH i hi 
Iwfl ataa ImndacM l ptatoli In Piiicle^ In las rei«i , ,i 
hundred yean bsfiira ChllK. 

ft abo ocem In Hamlii, OihaUOi and LoraV Labonri 

Fiid. Ay, but if it prorc true, maiter Paf a, haTa 
nil vay *«y then lo unfonl me igiinT — Set down 

I,.. IjuVet, Tilhin r— Somebody cfll tny wife : 

I'lii, youlh in ■ baiket, come out here ! — O, yoB 



9 i hu compMod of the wutbf^ mni or Un 
nfurr coariecl^h. Amri^'r wuapinoffeb 
urv ^hlch only corered Ibe lower pan af ihe fu 

F" h.iTD been 1 duncter well known Ip popular 
<hi> lime. ' Jyl at BrtniKird'a Tnumenl' wu 
\'v roplind Lcinff twlhre, 4nd Linehim cnume 
M* iM Uia collHtwn oT Clfl- Cot, the mawm. no 
knnini 10 (11, Itoa Iba manilon oThtan hi iha r 


cut, jna ronjon !' 

>r,'dlwa lS« il< 

puiderij rucmst llnni' 

m comancT s^^it mv : 

■huDed. Whftt I «i&t ] nj : goiiib^ copib iotuj : or - 

boU whU hoiKBt dolhsi joa lend loilb ti> bteachtn^. 

Pag*. Wh;, Ihii puw> I* Mulcr FOrd, jou Ut; 
DM U fo Idoh BSf lunger ; jou niDit ba ptnicHigiJ. 

£■■. Whj, llu ii luiuiici ! th» is iDtd u ^ 

Airier Hri. Fokd. 
Ani So n; I loo, Bir.— CoDiB hilker, mutrceM 

IsQilbd tobti hnibuvl!— 1 nu^wctwit ncuwe, 
miitren^do I? 

Jtfn. AnL Hmkr bo tny mtaet/ -ou do, i[ 
na unpcct nM in utf diabofioitj, 

AnL Wall nid, bmsn-bcc ; hok t oul 

Corn* forth, limb. [PuUilfachlhai'- ffAebatkti. 

Paft- Toil pusctj 

Mrt, Firi, An 7011 not uhunas / latIb«clotlir!i 

ArA I llwll end jou UHa. 
fsu. "Ds unrtMHiBbl* I Will jta Uka op jobr 
viVa clothM T C««ia •mjr. 

la codwjed mit <f aiy houaa jcMsidaj is tfaiq 
okcl : wbf BtjF not be ba Ihara agiin 7 In my 

jaiaatj b nuoubla : nuck ma out ijl Iba imen. 

M*. Fri. If vou find a nun there, be abtll di.^ 
• tak'adeuh. 

Pt*- Uen'i DO mu. 

ShaL Bj mr fidclit}'. thii if not *ell, maiter 
Ford ; Ihii <Troti|i yaa* 

Eta. Hailar Ford, Jaa nlut pra;, and not (bl- 
ow the i m apaatioM of youi own heart : tbis ia jot- 

FarO, Well, ha'i not here I aoek for, 

Pagt. fla, nor no where alse, hul in yont brain. 

tremitr, let nw (at over ba your lahls-eport ; \t^ 
them aaj oTnH, Aa jealoui as Ford, that learcbcil 
a hollow waliiul Tor Bis niTe'e leman.* Sslii^m,] 

iln.Fard. Wbat hoL miilren Page! corar 

Mme into the chanit>cr. ' 

Ford. Old woman! What old woraan ii that T 

JHn.nird. Wb^iiliimfmaid'eaunlorBraniroril. 

/brtL A witch, a quean, ui old cotetasiz quoaq ! 
Hare I not forbid her my hoAie 7 Shs coni» of 
ernndi doet ihe ! We aic aimple men ; we do Dt.1 
hnowwW^B brought (0 pau under the prafeeeion of 
bnuno-telling. She works bj chaniu, by ipeilfe^ 
by ibe figure, and luch daohcry* asthiaii \ boyon.i 

our eleraenl \ wa know nothing. Come ^own ; 

TQu witch, you hag yon ; come down, 1 toy. 

Sfrs. FtnL Nay, good, iweat husband;' 

;— pud 

It! oul! m conjure ycu, FU 

....,.-. [Cl^ F^lLITAFr. 

JW™. Past. Are you not Mhamed T I think ymi 

Mn. FiKd. iKy, he will do it;— 'Ha a goodly 
credit fur you. 

J^brd Hang her, irilch ! 

Eva. By yea and no, I think, tba 'omin U a 
witch indeed: I like not whan a 'oman baa a great 
peard ; I epT a great peord under her muffler. 

Jbnf. Witl yon Ibllow, gentlemen? I beseech 
you, follow; lee but the imie of my jealouiy ; if I 
cry oul this upon Bo trail,' never tnial me when 1 

Pagt. Lel'i obey hia hi 

a. liitls lUnber 1 

I Faoi, Foan, Bhilujit, oihI Etah. 

Afn. Pagt. Truit beat him moat uiiifullv. 

JUn, Ford. Nay, b)i Ibe maaa that he did not ; 

be beat him moat unpitifiilly, methougfatk 

JVri. Poje. I'll hive the cudgel hallowed, and 

Mri. Ford. What think you 7 May we, with the 
warrant of woman-bood, and the witneaiaf a good 
conw^ienFe, pursue bim with any further rerenge 7 

Mn. Page. The spirit of wanlomun ii, aurc. 
Beared oul of him 1 if the deril ban him not in fee- 
timplef with £ne and recovery,' be will never, I 
think, m the way of waste," attempt us again- 

Jtfrv. Fird. Shall we tell our husbanda how wo 
ha>e lerved him I 

Mn. Pagt. Yaa, by all means ; if it be but to 
■crape the fifutea out of your husband's brains. If 
they can find in their hearta, Ihe poor UDtirtuons 
fat knight ebail be any further afflicted, we two will 

Jlfn-fbrrf. PQ warrant they'll have him publidv 

to the jest, should bo not be publicly ahamed, 

Mn. Paff. Come 10 tne forge wiui it then, shape 

it: I would cot bale things cool. [Emai. 

SCENE m. A nam ia Ot Gorier lim. EtOh 

Host on' Bahdolfh. 

Bard. Bir, the Germans desire 10 haio three of 

lur horses : the duke himself wiU bo to-morron- 

fToM.'Wfast duke ihoolrf that be comei so se- 
■eliy I I hear not of him in the court : 1*1 mo 
leak with Ihe lenilemen : they speak Enetiih 7 

Bard. Ay, lir, Til call them to you. 

Uort. They snail have my horses ; but TU make 
them nay, FL sauce them : Ihey havehadmy I 

S'ome.' '^'^ 


lie pest discretions of s 'on 
send you both these letter 

t WDBD nmarke that ^ — 

^tbalaftesiMUW, ODd^aiHlrMaMnrih-—— — 
■anroiKt, known 10 Aiglisb Law.' Hoi 


lake funher aiiemiiti to ruin us by corrojtinf our rinu* 

10 I e- rifht prrioOj or proper earoMtropAr, 

hy,) with a sum nf mniiFy. Ir is a phrase 1^ ftei^ueni 

UThsreadliwinlheteilirasMr.Jlowe's. The<-ld 
spies read < I laiher will auspect Aa siiii wU> gM • 


Pag9. TU well, *lk well ; no more. 

Bo noC M extreme in eubminion, 
Ai in oflbnce ; 

But let our plot go forward : let our wivei 
Yet once agiun, to make ua public vort, 
Anpoint a meetins with thia old &t tellow, 
W ni>r« we may tue him, and disgrace lum for it. 

/Vrd. Thvre is no better way than that they 
■poke oC 

P«fe. How I to send him word thetll meet him 
A the park at midai^ I fie, fie : he'll never come. 

JKvm, You sav, he has been tnrown into the ri- 
▼em; and has been grievously peaien, as an old 
'oman ; methinks there should oe terrors in him, that 
he should not come ; methinksi his flesh is pumshed, 
he 4tall have no desires. 

Pmgt. So think I too. 

JUn. fML Devise but how youHl use him when 
And let us two derise to bring him thither. 

Afrs. iVgf. There is an oUftale goes, that Heme 
the hunter, 
Sometime a keeper her* in Windsor (brest, 
Doth all the winter time, at still midni^t. 
Walk round about an oaa, with great ragr d boms ; 
And there he blasts the tree, and takes* the cattle ; 
And makes malch»kine yield blood, and shakes a 

In a most hideous and dreadftd manner : 
You have heard of sudi a spirit ; and well yon know. 
The supers tious idlo>heaaod eld* 
Beceived, and did deliver to our age, 
This tale of Heme the hunter for a truth. 

Pmftk Why. yet there want not many, that do fear 
In deep of mgiit to walk by this Heme s oak ;' 
But ^^at of mis T 

Affrs. Ferrf. Marry, tins is our device ; 
Thai FatirtafiT at that oak shall meet with in, 
Discmsed like Heme, with hxige boms on his head. 

Prnft. WelL let it not be doubled but be*n come. 
And m this shape : When you have brou^t him 

What shall be done with him 7 what is your plot 7 

Afhi. I*«rr. That likewise have we thought upon, 
and thus: 
Nan ISu^c my daiii^hter, and my little son. 
Ami ihrro or Anir m«»re <>( thrir* (pwwih, we'll dress 
Like urvhins ouphc*,* anil tainos, grren and white. 
With f\MiiHl« of waxen lapors on their heads, 
Ami ratdosi in their hand» ; upon a sudden, 
A» Fal^tatT, sAo, ami I, arc newiy mot, 
liot them tn^m t-^ih a i^a^A'-pit ru»h at once 
With somo diffVnted^ pom : upon their »i^t. 
We tw\t in grrsi am«rc<tiiie«9 wi'd fly : 
Then lot them a'.I encirrle him ahouV, 
\ntl, fain*->iikc, ti>-pinoh' iho unoloan knlfht ; 
Ami skV )iim. >a h\ , that h^vir tM* fain' revel. 
In their 1t^■^ «acred path* he «1arr* to tread. 
In shape i^r^^fjinc, 

M*^*, ^V".i, Ami ti:i ho trll the tr.r«S, 

l<et the Kiipi^^^ie^) fiiine« pinch him e<nnid,* 
\ml hum mm «wh thrir taponu 

rr Nrtjti s.v 111 \ <»*T. \ct II. S: « : 
' Strikf h.T voijiic Ivinr*. rr t4U:^c air»s wi;h luine- 

And in HjimW. Ai"!. i So. 1 : 

— ■ ' Xo pHneut Krike. 
N^ ftfn ImW*, n.» wirrh h«* rv^m-rr f.^ rharm.** 
•• iV. « h.^p«> ihm i> f.i*ri». A h.T'v :hM » Iwrtft .V' 
hin f<»#>]inc. miM inc. ."»i wirrnc. » ;»*»■? '■" S*^ Mtf%, m>.1 
in ei>"«ih Pn"> hf I*. ».. thj»t Kf I* ii"rr»«ir(.-. ^« <».• iillJin.'^tiii • 
4li«<^iiiN' y<N f^tmr rH.T?r;'x. n»«i »r.". j::>.1r-«; a Piling thf 
rr.^uml iM c1i*» tliM^MiM*. r,"»n«<»: xht w,v»: i alien !•■» hr 
Mi-hArn h^ •.*m^ pUn^i, ,v tw. mMTv.. «hv>. w i"»Ii*l** 
— *'.. Ml Mffi -IhA'n on )I/i-v«». l."«*\ ThiiMiA* ir. H."C' 
Tn»n% Villi una. lAlft. •• \\t i* ttiirrn^ M henomeiV Ai- 
ronMllM OM " 

> Thf inv «>)vh «ii*^^ (rai?iii>^n »bii'»«T. •» Hi^rrw** 
«^W . N'lm M»K.> iWar^sL «•■ *»u *\^wn b* hti> \tut 
WhHmis**. or»li»i II, I7!i.v 

A yiitmr Htfmn^i j*i*^, ai^v*ar» %t^ ineafi wim# a^e,■w 
e'-w v* "i^ In 0«v«nitiiak> U*«l Wolsc} ihe wwd 

Afrs. Pagt, 

TIm tntm 

We'll all present ou rn s tr es ;- <Ks-hotn the qiirity 
And mock him home to Wmdsor. 

Fvfdm Thn dnldimi mnl 

Be practisod well to this^ or Ikeytl ne'or doH. 

J^Do. I win toach the children thair bdrnTioan, 
and I will bo like a Jack-an-apes nlao^ to bom Iks 
kni^ with my taber. 

Ford. That will bo eicellaat. HI go buy iImb 

Afrt. Pa^* My Man shaIlbethe<iiieeB of aU thf 
Finely attired m a robo of whito. 

Pagt, That silk wiU I gobuy :— aid indrnt limi 
Shall master Slender steal wy Man nwny. 
And marry her at Eton. \Amd9^ Ck>, smid to FU> 
stafif strai^t. 

Ford, Nay, PU to him again in name of Braek: 
HeMl tell me all his porpoae : Snro, holl eome. 

Afrs. Pag: Fear not yon that : Gn^ get as pr^ 
And tricking for our &iries. 

EfMu Let us about it : It ■ 
and fery honest knaveries. 

{Exeutu Paob. Family mid Btam. 

Afrs. Pag: Ge^ mistress Ford, 
Send quickly to Sir John, to know fass nnnd. 

Pll to the doctor ; he hath lay good will. 
And none but he, to marry with Nan Pagn. 
That Slender, thoosfa well landed, b an i&t ; 
And he my hmbana best of all affiwta : 
The docUM' is well money'd, and his frieada 
Potent at court : he, none but he, idiall havo hsr, 
lliouffa twenty tnooauidwnrtluer eoine to emvohwr. 


SCENE V. ^AsemmllsG^lerlim. J?alwIloo» 

and SiMPLK. 

ilssC What wookPst thou havn, boor? whit^ 
thick<4kin7 ^leak, brentba^ diKOM; brid^ riMrt^ 
quick, snap. 

5tm. Marry, sir, I come to speak with Sir Jolm 
FUstatf from 'master Slender. 

Htal. lltere^s his chaadier, his house, hb cnstfik 
hi» Mandine-bed, and trackle-bed:* 'lis paintea 
about with Oie s torv of the prodigal, fresh and new : 
G\\ kmvk and can ; he*ll speak hke an AwAnf^ 
pKekcinufft}* unto thee : Knock, I say. 

•S^tm. Thcro^s an oM woman, a fat woman, gone 
un into his chamber ; Pll be so bold as stay, sir. 
ull she come down : I come to speak with her, in* 

Hmt, Ha! a ftt woman! the knight may bo 
robbed : V\\ call.^Bullv knight ! Bully Sir John! 
i^ak from thy lunc* nuIiTarr : Art thou there 7 it 
I* thine hi-tfi, thine Ephesian, calls. 

Ptil. [o^mv.l How now, mine host T 

Hoti. Here » a Bohemian-Tartar tarries tho 
cominr down of thy iat woman : Let her descend, 
bully, let hrr deecVwi; mv chambeis an bonoo^ 
abSe" : Pyc ! pnTar y ? f^ f 

.wurs .r. :^llf wtjv : -' sprak you Welsh to him: IdoUkC 
r>,K h.>: :>.> ^p(^>~^ f\^^'- ^(' m.'ce dWu»t to him, than his 
rrf :v\ j^iia".: hr :.-' :^« " Co«£T*ve explains diffuaed 
^T :Sr Krr^vi; d^»u, ttpar*^ oStntrc, and in Cooper^ 
i>>.-:?>7.ArT. ].y?>*ri /iK«rK«vm imcTpRted * obscure, 
d-^;-^!;. cfu^r, \.Krz :.-■ uademnd.* Skehon uam 
difuft M- I'fVal nmcv iVv ican^ tw otMcare; fior insisars< 
:rrihf i>.«r. i\: l-*ur«! : 

'* rcTM^m prvMiM: ireCh widi probkms diffuatJ" 
^ T.*-7i:n.-i : L- Lk5 bcrc kL aupneacsDTe sense, Hks 
hf hh* s:n.v ).ail : ai: wa« praerallT jpivfixed, 8penaer 
Km a:, u^ut-n^ L.I u-Tni. he and Musn In Comas sC 

T %^v%r;L f.T pmrmdh: ibe adwcsive used as an advttk 

S T^rpr- t*y* arc Iicir inoiema] neoassaries 
vrt r^.'i-:^x w *jr-» x onuunenL 

P "Htr in«kia. furr.Kurr nf chamten, at thai 
a franAitif^ttrd. umir - wbich was a CrpdUe, fmdfcie, V 
-u««^ vr Nv. fr.tiR r-iiv^aa, a kiw wheel or casHr. la 
ihr MAiuuAf i>rc lay (ht masMT, ia ika nnckie dM mt 

10 I e acannihal: 


BOBonr WIVES of winmcm. 

FtL Hmv wu, mine boit, an old &i woaan 
0f«ii now with me ; but ahe'e gone. 

Am. Praj yon, fir, was^ noc the wiae woman 

#U. Ay, marry, waa it, naado-ahefl ;> What 
tpodd yoQ with her? 

Bimu VLy maater, eir^ mj maater Slender, aent 
In her, aeemg her so thronpi the atreeta, to know, 
aiiv irtiether one iQrm, air, tliat beguiled him of a 
chain, had the chain, or no. 

J^y. I apake with the old woman about it. 

Sim, And what aaya ahe, I pray, air 7 

#U. Marnr, ahe aaya, that the very aame man 
that beguiled maater Slender of hia chain, oocened 

Smu I would I could have apoken with the wo> 
man heraelf ; I had other thinga to hare apoken 
with her too, from him. 

FU. What are they 7 lot oa know. 

HmL Ay, come ; quick. 

Arm. I may not conceal them, air. 

lU. Conceal them, or thou dieat. 

Smu Why, air, they were nothing but about 
■Mttreaa Anne Page : to know if it were my maa- 
teHa Ibrtune to have ner, or no. 

EoL Tie, 'tie hb fortune. 

Ami. What, nr? 

JPU. To have her,— or no : Go ; aay, the woman 
told me ao. 

Sim, May I be ao bold to aay ao, air? 

lU. Ay, Sir Tike ; who more bold7 

Sim, I thaidi your worahip : I ahall make my 
iMater glad with theae tidinga. [E*U Simplx. 

jBbk Thou art clerkly,* thou art clerkly. Sir John : 
Waa there a wiae woman with thee 7 

JFUi Ay, that there waa, mine boat ; one that 
hath taunt me more wit than ever I learned before 
in my uSe : and I paid nothing for it neither, but 
' 1* for my learning 

Ettkr Bihdolfr. 

^BSard. Out, alaa, nr ! coxenage I mere cozenage ! 

Bml Where be my horaea 7 apeak well of them, 

B^rd, Bun away with the ooaenera : for ao aoon 
aa I came beyond Eton, they threw me ofi^ from 
behind one of them, in a alonrit of mire ; and eet 
apura, and away, liae three German devila, three 
Doctor Fauatuaea. 

Bml Hiey are gone but to meet the duke, vil- 
lain : do not aay, they be fled ; Germana are honeat 

JPnffr Sn Hvae £▼▲«§. 

JSiaa. Where ia mine boat 7 

AaC What b the matter, air T 

Emu Have a care of your entertainmenta : there 
■.a friend of mine come to town, teUa me, there is 
three oouaxn germana, that has cozened all the hoata 
flf Beadinga, of Maidenhead, ofColebrook, of horaea 
and nmney. I teU vou forgood-will, look you : you 
are wiae, ukI foil ot gibea and vUMitmg-stoca ; and 
it b not convenient you ahould be cozenea : Fare 
yon weD. [ExU, 

Enter I>ocTon Caius. 

Oamt. Vere b mine Hmt dt Jartem, 

BmL Here, maater doctor, in perplexity, and 
aoabtfhl dilemma. 

OaiMa. I cannot tell vat la dat : but it b tell-a me, 
dtt you make grand preparationa for a duke de Jar^ 
mtHjf : by my trot, aere b no duke, dat the court b 
know to come ; I tell you for good vill : adieu. 

' [EfiL 

BmL Hoe and cry, villain, go: — aaabt me. 
bi|^ • I aaaimdene :--lly, ran, hue and cry, villain ! 
I im undone I [Emmmi Hoar and BAnnoLPH. 

1 He eaUa poor Simple miu9cU'MheUf becausbO he 
■HHb with hie mouih opaa. 

tie. ScbolarwHka. 

1 l^pa^i In 8hakBpaara>aihne, rignifled to beat: ia 
"' " I it In adll noc n no nmmnn hi lamiliar Ian- 

FaL I wodd aU the wmU night be coaeBed: 
for I have been cozen'd and beaten too. If it dhoola 
come to the ear of the court, bow I have been tmi#* 
formed, and how mr tranaformation hath becfl 
waahea and cudaeled, they would melt me ott of 
my fot, drop by orop, and uqoor fiahermen^i boot* 
with me ; rwairant they would whip me wiUi their 
fine wita, till I were aa creatpfollen aa a dried pear. 
I never proapered amce I forawore myaelf at Pfi- 
men,* WmI, if my wind were but long" enough to 
aay my prayera, I would repent.— 

Enter Mna. <^cklt. 

Now ! iidience come you 7 

Omsk. From the two partiea, foraooth. 

FaL The devil take one party, and Ua dam the 
other, and ao they ahall be both beatowed ! I have 
auflered more for their aakea, more than the viUa- 
nous inconatancy of man's dii^oaition b able to bear. 

Q}ddt, And have not they sufiered 7 Tea, I wvw 
rant, ^Mcioualy one of them ; mbtreaa Ford, good 
hearty is beaten black and blue, that you cannot aee 
a white not about her. 

Fal. What tell*8t thou me of black and bhie I I 
was beaten myself into all the colours of the rain- 
bow, and I was like to be apprehended for the witch 
of Brentford ; but that my admirable dexterity of 
wit, mv counterfoiting the action of an old woman 
deliver d me, the knave conatable had aet nmi' tlM 
atocka, i' the common stocks, fi>r a ^ndtch. 

QvidL Sir, let me speak inth you in your chain* 
her ; you shall hear how thinga go ^ and, I warranty 
to your content. Here b a letter will say aomewhat. 
G<K>d hearts, what ado here b to bring yoa la- 
gether ! Sure, one of you doea not aerve heaven 
welL that you are ao croaaed. 

FaL Come up into my chaiirt>er. [.Faaiail 

SCENE VI. AnaOur Room m thg Gartar hm. 
Enter Fmnron and Host. 

JSToft Master Fenton, talk not to me ; my mind 
b heavy, I will give over alL 

FenL Yet hear me spe^ : Assist me in my pm^ 
And, as I am a gentleman, PU give thee 
A hundred |K>und in gold, more than your loan; 

HoaL I will hear you, maater Fenton ; and I 
wiU, at the least, keep your counsel. 

FinL From time to time I have acquainted yen 
With the dear love I bear to foir Anne Page ; 
Who. mutually, hath anawer'd my affection 
(So iar forth aa heraelf might be her chooaer,) 
Even to my wiah : I have a letter from h«r 
Of such contents aa you will wonder at ; 
The mirth whereof ao larded with my mattery 
That neither, singly, can be manifosted, 
Without the show of both j— -wherein fot Falataff 
Hath a great scene : the image of the jest 

[Showing tht kUm, 
FU show you here at large. Hark, good mine boat : 
To-night at Heme's oak, just Hwizt twelve and one. 
Must my sweet Nan present the foiry queen { 
The purpose why, b here ;' in which dbsuise. 
While other j««ts are something rank on roo^ 
Her father bath commanded her to slin 
Away with Slender, and with him at Eton 
Immediately to many : ahe hath consented ; 
Now, sir. 

Her motner, even strong against that match, 
And firm for doctor Caius, hath appointed 
That he ahall likewise shuffle her away, 
While other sports are tasking of their minds. 
And at the deanery, where a priest attends. 
Straight nuury her : to thb her mother'a plot 
She. seemingly obedient, likewbe hath 
Maae promise to the doctor :— Now, thus it raata : 
Her father means she shall oe all in white ; 
And in that habit, when Slender sees hb time 

Siage : ' Seven of the eleven I pout,* says Falsiaflf, in 
enrv IV. Pan 1. 

4 Primero was the faahkmable gaate ai taede In 
8hakspeare*8 time. 
6 Inthebcter 



To ttke her by the hand, and bid her go, 
She shall go with him :— -her mother hath intended, 
The better to denote her to the doctor 
(For they must all be mask'd and vizarded,) 
That, quaint* in green she shall be loose enrob'd, 
With ribands pendant, flaring 'bout her head ; 
And when the doctor spies his vantage ripe. 
To pinch her by the huid, and, on that token, 
'X*he maid hath given consent to go with him. 

HotL Which means she to deceive? father or 
mother 7 

Fent, Both, my good host, to go along with me : 
And here it rest^, — ^ihat you'll procure tne vicar 
To stay for me at church, *twizt twelve and one, 
And, in the lawful name <^ marrying. 
To give our hearts united ceremony. 

JSo&L Well, husband your device; Fll to the 
Bring you the maid, you shall not lock a priest. 

FmL So shall I ever more be bound to thee ; 
Besides, I'll make a present recompense. [ExeunL 


SCENE L A Room in the (rarter Irm, Enter 
Falstaff and Mms. Quicklt. 

FiaL Pr'ythee, no more prattling ; — go.— ^Tll 
hold:* This is the third time; I hope, good luck 
lies in odd numbers. Away, go ^ the^r say, there is 
divinity in odd numbers, either in nativity, chance, 
or death.— Away. 

Qitick. Ill provide you a chain ; and I'll do what 
I can to get you a pair of horns. 

FhL Away, I say ; time wears : hold up your 
head and mince.' [Exit Mrs. Quickly. 

Enter Ford. 
How now, master Brook ? Master Brook, the mat- 
ter will be known to-night, or never. Be you in 
the Park about midnight, at Heme's oak, and you 
shall see wonders. • 

J^brd, Went you not to her yesterday, sir, as you 
told me you had appointed 7 

Eal, I went to her, master Brook, as you sec, 
like a poor old man : but I came from her, master 
Brook, like a poor old woman. That same knave, 
Ford, her husband, hath the finest mad devil of jea- 
lousy in him, master Brook, that ever povemcd 
frenzy. I will tell you. — He beat me grievously, 
in the shape of a woman ; for in the shape of man, 
master Brook, I fear not Goliath with a weaver's 
beam ; because I know aJso, life is a shuttle.* I 
am in haste ; go along with rae : I'll tell you all, 
master Brook. Since I plucked geese, ^ played 
truant, and whipped top, I knew not what it was to 
be beaten, till lately. Follow me : I'll tell you stranpe 
things of this knave Ford : on whom to-night I will 
be revenged, and I will deliver his wife into your 
hand. — Follow : Strange things in hand, master 
Brook! follow. \Exeunt. 

SCENE n. Windsor Park, Enter Page, 
Shallow, cmd Sleicder. 

Page, Come, come ; we'll couch i'the castle-ditch, 
till we see the light of our fairies. — Remember, Kon 
Slender, my daughter. 

Slen. Ay, forsooth ; I have spoke with her, and 
we have a nay-word** how to know one another. I 
come to her in white, and cry, mum ; she cries, 
budget ; and by th&t we know one another. 

I (^naitit, liere, rony mean neatli/^ or elegantly^ 
which were anrifnt acceptations of the word, and not 
fantantieally : l)ut either sense will suit. 

3 Keep to the time. 

3 i. e. iraUc : to mince signified to walk with aflected 

4 An allusion to the Book of Job, c. vli. v. C. 

» My days are swifter than a weaver's shuttle.^ 
6 To strip a wild goose of its feathers was formerly 
an art of nuerile barbarity. 

8hal, That's good loo: But what needn eithor 
your mum, or her budgets ^^ white will dU*c^iher 
ner well enough. — ^It hatli struck ten o'clock. 

Page, The night is daric ; light and spirits wjll 
become it well. Heaven i^rosper our sport! No 
man means evil but the devil,'' and w« msJI know 
him by his horns. Let*s away ; Ibliow me. {Exeead, . 

SCENE III. The Street in fVtndaer. Enter Mm. 
Page, Mms. Foed, and Dr. Caiub. 

I^irs, Page, Master doctor, my dauf hter is io 

freen ; when you see joar time, take lier by the 
and, away with her to the deanery, and despatch 
it quickly : Go before into the park ; wc two niiist 
go toj^etner. 

CaiiM. I know vat I hove to do ; Adiea. 

Mrs, Page. Fare you well, sir. [Exit Carvs.] 
My husband will not rejoice so much at the abose 
of Falstaff, as he will chafe at the doctor's marrT" 
mg my daughter : but 'tis no matter ; butter a litUs 
chiding, than a great deal of heart-break. 

Mre. Fhrd. Where is Nan now, and her troop tA 
fairies ? and the Welsh devil, Hugh ? 

Mrs, Page. They are all coucned in a pit haid 
by Heme's ode, vrith obscured lights ; whi^ at the 
very instant of Falstaff's and our meeting, they will 
at once display to the night. 

Mrs. Ford. That cannot choose bat amase him. 

Mrs. Pa^e. If he be not amazed, he will be 
mocked ; if he be amazed, he will every way bo 

Mrs. Ford, We'll betray him finely. 

Mrs. Paf^. Against sach lewdsters, SDd their 
Those that betray them do no treachery. 

Mrs. Ford. The hour draws on ; To the oak, to 
the oak ! [ExevtnL 

SCENE lY. Windsor Park. Enter Six HvoB 
EvAirs and Fairies. 

Eva. Trib, trib, fairies ; come ; and remember 
your parts : be pold, I pray you ; follow me into 
the pit ; and when I give the watch-'ords, do as I 
pid you ; Come, come ; trib, trib. [ExeunL 

SCENE V. Another part of Ou Park. Ent&' 
Falstaff disguised, with a bude's haid on, 

Fal. The Windsor bell hath struck twelve ; the 
minute draws on : Now, the hot-blooded gods assist 
me : — Remember, Jo\ii, thou wast a bull Ibr ihv 
Euro^>a ; love set on thy horns — O powerfiil love"! 
that, m some respects, makes a beast a man ; in 
some other, a man a beast. — You were also, Jupi- 
ter, a swan, for the love of Leda ; — O, omnipo- 
tent love ! how near the god drew to the complex- 
ion of a goose ? — A fault done first in the form of a 
beast ; — O Jove, a beastly fault ! and then another 
fault in the semblance of a fowl ; think on't, Jove ; 
a foul fault. — ^When gods have hot backs, what 
shall poor men do 7 For me. I am here a Windsor 
stag ; and the fattest, I think, i' the forest : send 
me a cool rut-time, Jove, or who can blame me to 
piss my tallow ?" Who comes here ? my doe ? 

Enter Mrs. Ford and Mas. Page. 

Mrs. Fvrd. Sir John ? art thou there, my deer? 
my male deer ? 

Fal. My doe with the black scut ?— Let the sky 
rain potatoes ; let ii thunder to the tune of Grun 
Slcfves ; hail kissing-comfits, and snow eringoes : 
let there come a tempest of provocation,' I will 
shelter mc here. [Embracing her. 

7 Page indirectly alhides to Falstaff, who was to have 
horns on his head. 

8 This is tiKhnioal. << Durin;? the time of their rut the 
harts live with small sustenance. — The red mui^hroome 
helpeth well U) make them pysi^e their jeronce they are 
then in so vehenveut heat.*' — Turlertfille^s Book oj 
Hunting, lo/S. 

9 The sweet potato was used in Eng^nd as a delica- 
cy Ion? before tne introduction of the common potato by 
Sir Waller Raleigh in ld0& It was imnurted in con- 
siderable uaniities from Spain and the Canaries and 




jMrs. Ford. Mi^tren Page is come with me, 

JFU. Divide me like a bride-buck,' each a haunch ; 
1 win keep my aides to myself, my shoulders for the 
fellow* oT this walk, and my horns I bMUoath your 
hnsbands. Am I a woodman 7' ha ! speak 1 like 
Heree the hunter 7^Why, now is Cupid a child of 
conscience ; he makes restitution. As I am a true 
■pint, welcome ! [iVoife lotfAtn. 

JIfrs. Pagt. Alas ! What noise 7 

Mrt. FWd. Heaven forgive our smt ! 

FaL What should this be 7 

J^-S^; }Away,away. [Th^runq^. 

FeU. I think, the devil will not have me daioned, 
lest the oil that is in me should set hell on fire ; he 
would never else cross me thus. 

JBnter Sx& Hqoh EvAirs, Hke a mtyr; Mns. 
QvxcKLT, and Pistol ; Avvk Paoc, as the 
Fakry Quien^ aUtnded by her brother and others^ 
dre$$ed tikefameaj toUhuHixentapen ontharheads. 
QuiA, Fairies, black, grey, green, and white, 

Yott moon-shine revellers, and shades <^ night, 

PuL Elvei^Iist your names ; silence, you airy toys. 
CVadbe^ to Windsor chimneys shalt tnou leap : 
Where fires thou find*st unrak'd, and heartns un- 

There pinch the maids as blue as bilberry : 
Our radiant queen hates sluts, and sluttery. 
Fal, They are fairies ; he, that speaks to them, 

shall die l 
FU wink and couch : No man their works must eye. 

[Xiet down upon his face* 
Eva. Where's Pede ?--Go you, and where you 

find a maid. 
That, ere she sleep, has thrice "her prayers said, 
Raise' up the organs of her fantasy,* 
Sleep die as somid as careless iimmcy ; 
Bot those as sleep, and think not on their sins, 
PJBch them, arms, legs, backS) shoulders, sides, 

and shins. 
Qncfc. About, about ; * 

Search Windsor castle, elv^s, witlun and out : 
Strew good luck, ouphes, on every sacred room ; 
That it may stand till the perpetual doom. 
In state as wholesome, as in state 'tis fit ; 
Worthy the owner, and the owner it. 
The several chairs of order look you scour 
With juice of balm, and every precious flower :* 
Each fair instalment, coat, and sevend crest, 
With loyal blazon, evermore be blest ! 
And nightly, meadow-fairies, look, you sing, 
XJkn to the Garter's compasis, in a ring : 
TIm esmressure that it bears, green let it be, 
Alore fertile-firesh than all the field to see ; 

was suj^MMMsd to possess the power of restoring decayed 
-vigour. The kissing-comfits were principally made of 
these and eringo roots, and were perfumed to mi^e the 
breath sweet. Oerarde attributes the same virtues to 
Um common potato which he distinguishes as the Vir* 

1 L e. like a buck sent as a bribe. 

9 The keeper. The shoulders of the buck were 
^monc his perquisites. 

5 tfu woodman was an attendant on the forester. It 
Is here however used in a wanton sense, for one who 
tiiooees female game for the obiect of his pursuit. 

4 The oki copy reads orphanAxein, Warbunon reads 
miphen, and not without plausibility : ouphee bein§: 
mentioned before and aAerward. Malone thinks it 
means mortals by birth, but adopted by tlie fairies : or- 
phono in respect of their real parents, and now only de- 
pendent on deatiny herselil 

6 Profession. 

6 i. s. elevate her fancy, and amuse her tranquil mind 
vhh some delightful yision, though she sleep as sound, 
ly as an infant. 

7 It was an article o< ancient luxury to rub tables, he 
wkh aromaUc herbs. So, in the Baucis and Philemon 
of Ovid, MeL viii. 

m ensam— 
— aequatam Mentha abstsrssra virenti. 


And, Hony ooii 91a mat y pense. write, 
In emerald tufls, flowers purple, blue and white \ 
Like sapphire, pearl, and rich embroidery, 1 
Buckled oelow nur knighthood^s bending knee ; > 
Fairies use flowers for their characteiy.' ) 

Away ; disperse : But, 'till 'tis one o'clock, 
Our dance of custom, round about the oak 
Of Heme the hunter, let us not forget. 

J^va. Pray vou, lock hand in hand ; yourselves 
in order set : 
And twenty glow-worms shall our lanterns be, 
To guide our measure round about the tree. 
But. stay ; I smell a man of middle earth.* 

FaL Heaven defend me fi-om that Welsh fairy ! 
lest he transform me to a piece of cheese ! 

PiM, Vile worm, thou wast o'erlook'd**' even in 
thy bulh. 

Qtutk, With trial fire touch me his finger-end : 
If he be chaste, the flame will back descend. 
And turn him to no pain ; but if he start, 
It is the flesh of a corrupted heart. 

Piat* A trial, come. 

Eva. Come, will this wood take fire 7 

[They bum hitn wUh their taper; 

/W. Oh, oh, ohl 

Qmek, Corrupt, corrupt, and tainted in desire ! 
About him fiuries ; sing a scornful rhyme : 
And, as vou trip, still pmcb him to your time. 

Eva, It is right \ indeed he is full of lecheries 
and iniquity. 


Fye on smfiUfantaty ! 

Fye on lust <md luxury .' 

Lim is but a bloody fire. 

Kindled with unchitte detire. 
Fed in heart ; whotefiamea aapire, 
A» thoughts do blow Ihem^ higher and higher 
Piiuh himjfairia, mutually; 
Pinch him for hie viUany ; 
Pinch him^ and bum hint, and turn him aboutf 
TiU oandle»t and atar^light, and moonshine be ouL 

During this eong, thefairiea pinch Falstaff*. Doctor 
Caius cornea one way^ and ateala away a fairy 
m green ; Slender aiuOher way, and takea (^ a 
fairy in white ; and Fenton cornea, andateata away 
Mrs. Anne Page. A noiae of hunting is made 
lotlAm. AH the fairiea run away. Falstafi* putts 
qfhia buck^a heady and ria». 

Enter Paoe, Ford, Mas. Page, and Mrs. Fori>. 
2%ey lay hold on him. 

Page. Nay, do not fly : I think, we have watch'd 
you now ; 
Will none but Heme the hunter serve your turn 7 
Mrs, Page. I pray you, rome ; hola up the jest 
no higher : — 
Now, good Sir John, how like you Windsor wives 7 
See you these, husband 7 do not these fair yokes* ' 
Become the forest better than the town 7 

Pliny informs us that the Romans did so to drive away 
evil spirits. 

8 ** Charactery, is a wridng by characters, or by 
strange marks.'* — BuUokar^a Engliah Expositor ^ \1 
mo. 1656. 

9 By this term is merely meant a mortal man, in 
contradistinction to a spirit of the earth or of the air, 
such as a fairy or gnorae. It was in use in the nonh of 
Scotland a century since, and a^Beara borrowed from 
the Saxon Middan Eard, 

10 By o'>er-looked is here meant bewitched by an evil 
eye, the word Is used in that sense in Olanvilli Saddu* 
cismi Triumphatus, p. 95. Steevens erroneously inter- 

Srets it * Slighted as soon as t>orn.* See note on the 
[erchantK)f Venice, Act iii. Sc. 3. 

** Beshrew your eyes. 

They have o^er-looked me- »» 

11 The extremities of yoiires for oxen, as stlU used in 
several counties of England, bent upwards, and rising 
very high, in shape resemble horns. In Cotgrave*ii 
Dictionary, voce juuetles, we have * marched or yoked 
vines; vines so under propped or fashion«d that one 
may go under the middle or ihem.* See also Miittoo*s 

I Ladn, Greek, and English Lexkx>D, 1505, in rocs Ju- 


l^ri. NoWiW', wbo^ « OKkoU Mm I— Mu 

nr*. Stniymr, wbo^ « OKkold Mm I- 

iuw lua bonw, nuMar Brock! And, irntur Bno^ 
faa had) c^iojail Dalliiiif <tf TonF* boi lu* bock- 
'~~^il, Ua oud|«l, «na twiat j jwMMlt of DMaaj, 
ir finxik; hit hocM 

« ]Poa fer mj 
___..., . _^ /oamrdMr. 

AL Idobagin topmouT* Uui I ■» mids *n m. 

Ardl A;, ud u <a Un ; both Ihi pnoA an 

/U. And tbaaa an not fciriaal ~ 

_ _.._ftr^ii(I 

JIfra. /M. Sir John, «« hara k 

«bdU norer maaC IinB aarar tali 
ra afain, bat I win alwaja ec 

Ah. Wbool bol hor btbaiFtM. 

,IS^f — ""^ — —'^ 

mm. Daapaldwdt-n>Mkalhabaathak» 
tdatanlva komr ooYj wgdbl 1 warn fea^a^ 4 

PW*. OfiAat,aoaT 

Sim. I CUM nadir at Ktaa to maiii iriMaN 
Anna Pace, and riia>i a fraal hAlMfl/ (af. ft rir.i bmB r (he eknr^ I arould bva bbwiI 
III.... i.r b* ahoald han awi^ed ^ IT I ddal 

il.jiikii badbaanAuaPUa^BeoUlM^BM 

Ibor tiiMa ia Iba iIm^I, Ifaar wara lut biiiea; ^'". <'<■'■ 'lia a poal-maatar^ bof . 
andfMlba|BillBaaa</mTBiul, thaanddanauF- f'-^' . Dpoo mj tUa Ibanno Uik lh« wnn 
priaaofrnf powarajdmalhetniaaBaaaaf Ibafbp- '^''- < What need joa t^ ■>> th^T I tUai^ 
pai7>iilDarace<Tad baUa( ia daanita of tba leoth 
gf ill ifanw and laaaooi that Uwr wan fiiiriaa. 

Seancm.howwkaai'bamada a Jacfc<-lenl, triian '"-- -— ■ —•"• 

w .-n .._'_.. —' Fajfc Why a* h war «w (blf. Dil M I 

icO TOO, bm 70a riMMU know ^ daq^Mr hrba 
gtmeotaT ^^ 

Shu. IwMrttohtrtanridla.aDden^aHL^ 

■he cr/d hidM aa Aim and I had iiiiiWlil. 

iitjIjnliTirMniit ilaiiii Iml a iiial a»aHathiii. 

.^u. Jeafaq I Maitir Sandar, [aiMiil na w 

but many banT 

J*Vi. OifaBTCiaduheati VTbatAaflldat 

Mi».eatt. aoodO«irge,baDOta»T:lkaaw 

of TOUT pwpoae) tnnnd mydaiubMrlue ma) 

und, mdMd, ah* u iHir with the dwaar M AadNa 

'liaaponill amplonMiBtl 

Aia. ffir Jotaii nlaiaC aarre Ool, and laaaa jvoc 
daairaa, and Uriea win not iMnia nn. 

ArZ Watt aaid, 1U>7 Hd^ 

Eta. And leata joa four jealMuia* too^ I pn 


firi. I wiU naTar niitcat mj wife afain, li 
(hoo artaUetawooberiopiiidBB^Ub. 

AL Hare I laid nj \nia in the lan, and dria 
it, that it wanla awUer la pranni ao jroaa 0*81 
raadunc aa ihia? Am I ridden with iWelahga 
tool BtaaUIbaTa acoacoabd'fiBa;' 'lia time 
ware choked with a piaea of loaitad chaeae. 

Eta, Saeaa ia DM food lo fire putter ; jour pel- 

At BMaaandpattnl Havel lited to aiasd a 
the taont of eat Ihat mahea fiitten of Engliab'. 
TUi ia enoqriltahalhedaeajofliiataiid latewalk- 
inithno^Ibe reafan. 

JIAt. Part. Why, Sv John, do jeo tbipk, tfaon^ 
wo wouhl han Ihniat Tirtna oat of oat beaitt Gj 
Iha head and diauldan, and ban ana onradTea 

ban Dtda too ow daUihitl 

ArJ. Wt«,a'~" ' 

Mn. Pan. A 
Pvt. OU, col 


wilncred, and oTiatolenble *n- 


Fid. Wall, I am joai iheaie ; you ban Iha atait 

FoFiL Marry, Bir, wo'U briag you toWiddvor, 10 
one i^aalcr Brook, Uut you hare cozeocd oT moooy, 
to whom you ihouM haro been a pander : OTor ajid 
tbore Ibai you hara luflereilp I tlunk, (o repay that 

JUn. Ptrd. Nay, buahand, let that go to make 

PorKiTE thai luni, and ao well all be (HaDda. 

Ard. Wall, hera'a my band; all'a fbrnTea at lait. 

Pa«t. Yel be cheerful, knigbl: Ihnu ihalt eat a 
poaael lo-nighl at my houaa ; whore I will daaire 
ihee to laugh at my wile, ihntDowlaugha at Ihee:* 
Tell he r^nuMer Bleoder hath married her daughlpr. 

Afi^. Pur. DoclDR doubl Ihat ; If Anne Paia 
be my daugblsr, aha ia, by Ihia, doctor Caiui' wiTe. 

made out of Webb 

darlredfromaT- ..«, 

10 add IbaiUwaairltfaial- 

i?aMr Carol. 
CoHi. Vara ia miatraai Paget Bj gm,\ ^ 

?(«eaad : I ba> maniad im gmam, a hoy; Mi f» 
'nM, by gar, a boy; itiaDMAsDa Tagtt bf pi, 

Jl£i. Pofe. Why, did tod take bar ia fcaak? 

Coiw. Ay, be tar, aMl tia a hmi ha Rar.ra 
riuieaUWmdaorr (Xa«S!uN. 

Anj. TUa ia atiufol Who hatb fot Iha li^ 

./f^mI' *""* "^'^^ ■• ' °" ~~' "^ 

Emla Festoi and Anra Pasn. 
[law now, maaler Fentoa 1 
Anni. Pardon, good bthar t good BIT motber 

pardon I 
Pagt, Now, nuainaa T bow chance yon weni not 

Jlfra. Pagt. Why went you not with maatardoc- 

Au. Tau i9o anaie' Jier ; Hear Ifae tmth of it. 

i'riu would hgTc married her moat ahamafiiUy, 
latere ihore waa no proportion htdd in lore. 
Tbe truth ia, ahe and I, long aince coalracled, 
A^e now ao nire that nothing can ^Moln «. 
The oflence ia holy thai ahe halb ooo^tlad t 
Aad Ibla deceit loiei the name of craft, 

. . Ihouaand irreligiooa curaed hour*. 

Which forced marriago would hare hron|ht Ifaa 

Ard. Stand Dot anui'd : biiii ii iiii iiimiiIj 

.Money huya landa, and wiiec are aa)d by Ihla. 

a;: I am glad, though you hare ta'en a apadd 
smndiQ alriko at mo, thai your arrow hath fiaaead. 

Fagt. Well, what remedy? rMton,bMTaB|it< 

What cannot be eachew'd, ma 

1 IfnorvKe Haelf wrtaha ma down, and ii|i|aiiMn 1 
4Dr.jDhnHnKmarka, ihaiihelwepleuaraail 
Ir'nl* cmnKUd, aTKl Iha innaldtio rary aitftillj mi 


#W. When mAUdom run, ill sorts of deer are 

^ipo. I will dance and eat plnms at jour wed- 
Mn,Page, WeD, I wilt mnse no fiirther :< 
ter Fentoo, 
Heaveo pTe von maajf, nnnj merrr days I 
Good Imsbano, let us every one go heme, 
And langh this sport o'er 1^ a oouatry fire ; 
Sir John and alL 

FhaL Let it be so :— Sir John, 

To fluster Brook you yet shall hold your word ; 
r ha to-aidht shall lb with mistress Ford. 



[Of this play there b a traditkm preserred by Mr. 
Rowe, that it was wrtnen at the cooimaod of <iueen 
EHxabeth. who was so delighted with the character of 
Falaiaff, that Ae wished It to be dUTused through more 
plars ; out suspecting that it might pall by continued 
uniwrmky. dirsasd tbepoec to diTerrify hli manneri by 
showing anUn lore. No task is harder than that of 
witting to the ideas of another. Shakipeare knew what 
the queen, if the story be true, seems not to have known, 
that by any real passkm of tenderaess, the selfish craft, 
tlie careleas kiUity, and the laxy luxury ofFahMiT must 
bare suif*red so much abatement, that little of his Tor* 
met cast would hare remained. FalstaiT could not 
lOre, bui 1^ ceasing lo be FalstaK He could only 
CoMterlbltlove, andnis profossioDS could be prompted, 
DOC by the Imnm of pleasure, but of money. Thus the 
poet araroacned as near a» he could lo the work en* 
Joinad nim; yet, lutring perhaps hi the former plays 
compleced ins own Idea, seems not to hare been able to 
gireFalatafrall Us farmer power of entertaiumenL 

This comedy is remarkable for the rariety and num> 
ber of the persooases, who exhibk more characters, 
appropriaied and oiscrimlnaiad, than perliape can be 
fband in any other jriay. 

Wlieiher Slaalcspeare was the first that produced 
l^toa the Bn^h stage the effect of language distorted 
mnd deprarra by proyincial or foreign pronunciation, 
i cannot certainly decide.* This mooe of forming ridl* 

1 Totmg and old, does as well as bucks. He alludes 
io FenCon*s baring run down Anne Page. 

9 In The Tiiree Ladies of London, 1664, hi the cha- 
racter of an Italian Merchant rery strongly marked by 
foreign pronundation. Dr. Dodypoli, in the comedy 
of that name, is, like Caius, a Freuchpliysician. This 
piece ajvenred at lea« a year belbre Tbe Merry Wires 

culous characters can confer praise only on liim who 
(Mriglnally discorered It, for it requires not much of ekher 
wit or fudgraent : its success must be derired almost 
wholly from the player, but itsnower in a sUifuI mouth 
eren ns that dispises it is unsbie to resisL 

The conduct of ilils drama Is defldem ; the action be- 
sins and ends often, before the conclusion, and the dif- 
lerent parts might change places wkliom inconrenience ; 
but its general power, that power by which all works 
of genins shall finally be triad, is such, that perhaps it 
nerer yet had reader or spectator who did not thiiDc it 
too soon at the end. JOHllSOlf.] 


M^entd $0 Act VL Be. I, •/ tkeftngwing PU^ 

Come, lire with me, and be my lore. 
And we will all the pleasures prore, 
That bills and raUeys, dales and flahl. 
And all the craggy mountains yield. 
There will we sit upon the rocks, 
And sse the shei^wrds feed their flocks. 
By sbaltow rirers. by whose fklls 
Melodious birds smg midrigals ; 
There will I make thee beos of roses 
With a thousand firacrant posies, 
A cap of flowers and a'klrtle 
Embroidered all with leares of myrtle ; 
A gown made of the finest wool, 
Wiich (torn the pretty lambs we poll; 
Fair lined slippers for the cold, 
Wkh buckles of the purest gold ; 
A bek of straw, and try budo, 
Wkh coral da^ and amber studs: 
And if these j^easures may thee naore. 
Come, lire with me, and be my lore. 
Thy rilrer disiies for diy meat. 
As nredous as the gods do eat, 
Shall on thy trory taUe be 
Prepared each day for thee and me. 
The shepherd swains shall dance and sing 
For thy delight, each Mar mornihg: 
If these delights thy mina may more, 
Then lire with me, and be my lore. 

of Windsor. The hero of it spealcs such another jargon 
as the antagonist of Sir Hugh, and like him is cheated 
of his mistress. In sereraf other pieces, more ancient 
than the esxliest of Shakspeare's, prorincial characters 
are introduced. In the old play of Hei^ V. French 
soUiers it introduced speaking broken English. 




* PHE plot of this admirable Comedy appears to hare 
-L been taken from the second tale in a 

collection by 

feamabe RIche, entkled, <* Rich his Farewell to the 
Mlliiarie Professkm,** which was first printed in 1593. 
1l to probably borrowed firom Lea HitUnrea Tragique* 
^eAiUhrttU ^ol* !▼• Hist. riin*. Bell^fbrestj as usual, 
osAed Bandello. In the fifth eglog of Bamaoy Oooge, 
pobl i e b ed with his poems in 1663, an incident some- 
what similar to that of the duke sending his page to 
ilead his causa with the ladr, and the lady falling In 
lore wkh the pege, may be found. But Rich^ narra- 
llosi lathe more probable source, and resembles the plot 
Biore eoanpietely. It is too long for insertion here, but 
Bay Im found in the late edition of Maloue's Snak- 
•peare, by Mr. BoewolL 

The etnnie scenes appear to hare been entirely the 
oreaiioii of the poet, and they are wonhy of his oran- 
■cendent geolns. It Is faideed one of the most delightful 
of 81iakspeare*s comedies. Dr. Johnson thought the 
iMtoral fatuky of Ague<heek hardly fair game, but the 
goud-natore wkh which l&ls folly and lus pretensions 
ars brought forward for our amusement, by humouring 
Ms whims, sre almost WUhout a spice of satire. It is 
rather an ailsmpt to sire pleasure by ezhibkinc sn ex* 
aggented pteture of Us foibles, than a wish 10 fire pain 

by exposing their absurdity. " How ars his wealuiessee 
nursed ana dsndled by Sir Toby into something * high 
fantastical* when, on Sir Andrew^s oonunen£tion of 
himself for dancing and fencing. Sir Toby answers-* 
* Wherefore are these things hid ? Wherefore bare 
these gifts a curtain before them ? Are they like to take 
dust luce Aflstress Mall^s picture ? Why dost thou not 

Sto church in s galliard, and come home in a coranto ? 
y rery walk should be a Jig ! I would not so much ss 
make water in a cinque*a pace. What dost thou mean f 
b this a world to hide vinues in ? I did think by the ex* 
ceilent constitution of thy leg, It was framed imder the 
star of a galliard !* How Sir Toby, Sir Andrew, and 
the clown cliirp orer their cops ; how they * rouse the 
night-owl in a catch able to draw three souls out of one 
wearer !'— What can be better than Sir Tobr*s unan- 
swerable answer to Malrolio : ' Dost thou think, be* 
cause tliou art rirtuous, there shall be no more cakes 
and ale f * — We hare a frlendahip for Sir Toby : we pa* 
tronixe Sir Andrew ; we hare an understanding wkh 
the clown, a sneaking kindness Ux Maria and her ro 
gueries; we feel a regard for Biairolio, and sympa 
thias with his grarlty, his smiles, his cross-gaiters, 
his yellow stockings, and imprisonment m the stocks 
I But there is sooeuung that excitsa in us a sirungsv 


k !■ viola** coiifliwlnn of her 



Ji hkmk, my hrd : She never tM ker hvtf 
Bm lei cnneealmeiu, tike a worm I* the bud, 
Feed on her daiaaak dieek ; eherphmlinUibaghl; 
' And, with a peea and jellow meianchdy, 
Bhe eat like ratienee on a monumam, 
BmUing at fried Wm not tUe hve, indeed/ 
We men raaftay move, swear more ; but, Indeed, 
Oar ehowe ace more than will ; for eiUl we prore 
Much in our tows, but little In our lore. 
Duke, Botdledthyaiiterofherlove.royboT? 
Viola, I am all the daughter! of mr rather*! nonee, 
And all the broiben too;— and-jret I know noL 

*< Shakqieare aloner could deeoribe the effect of hie 
own poetry: 

" O, it came o*er mr ear fflce the ii 
That breathes upon • bank of Tiolels, 
HeaUna, and drfaur odour.** 

Toat oreataes upon • bans 
Stealing, and giring odour. 

fflce the sweel south, 

<< What we SO much admire here Is not tin hasgeof 
Patience on a monument^ which has been so generally 
quoted, but the lines before and afker it, ** Ther give a 
▼erj echo to the seat where lore is throned^* liowlonjr 
ago k is since we first learnt to repeat them : and still 
tMjTibrate on the heart like the sounds wmcn the pas- 

sinf wind draws from the trembltaig flHnga oTa 
left on aome desert shora ! There are och«' paaaaf 
DOC leas impsasioaed sweemeaa. Such b OUvW 
dreaa to Sebaatian, whom ahe supposed lohaTa 
decelTed her hi a proBftke of msRisge. 

* Blame not thie kaete ofmine:—^ 
Plight me the JuS aeeumnee pf ymtrfaUkt 
That my moot JeaUme and toe denb^fiU aem 
Ma^ Uve at peateJ 

** One of the moat beautiful of 8h«kspeare*a Sous 
occuxain this ptaj wkh a prefkee of Us own to k. 

^Ihtke, O fellow, come, Che song wa had ]Mii|gkC(> 
Mark k, Cesarto : k is old, and plain; ^^ 

The apuiaten and the kniaen in the sun. 
And the free maids tliat weave their thread wkh boMf 
Do uae to chaunt U; k is silly sooih, 
Ancf dalHea wfth the innocence of krva. 
Like the old age.** 

** After rsadtaig other pans of ihia play, and aanks- 
larly the garden scene when MalvoUo picks op the 
letter, if we wen to say that 8hak^peaia*s geolus for 
comedy was leae than hb geidua for m^y, k would 
perhaps only prore that our own taste in aueh matMs 
M more saturnine than mercurial.*** 

* Haslitt*s Characters of Shakspeaia** Claja, jk Sli 


Oksino, Diiibe qf Ulyria. 

Sbbastiah, a yeung Oentlemanf Brother Iv Viola. 
AnTOirio, a Sea Cqatata, f\riend to Sebastian. 
A Sea Captain, JMend to Viola. 

Sia ToBT BcLCH, Undo ^Olivia* 
Sim AaDRXw Aouk-ohxkk. 
Maltolio, Steward to Olim. 

Olttia, a ridi CotnUeet, 
Viola, m love wtA tht Dnkt, 
Mama, Olivia's Woman, 

Larde,Frieet$,Sailar9,qfflcer$,MmkiaH^ mm 


SCENE, a C%m niyria; andthe Sea Caatt near k. 


SCENE L An Apartment in the Duke's Po^oee. 
JSnter Duke, Curio, Lords ; Mutidam attending, 


If music be the food of love, play on. 

Give me excess of it; that, surfeiting, 

T%o appetite may siclien, and so die.- 

That strain again ; — it hath a dying fall : 

O. it came o'er my ear like the sweet south,' 

That breathes upon a bank of violets. 

Stealing, and giving odour.' — Enougn ; no more ; 

Tia not so sweet now as it was before. 

O spirit of love, how quick and frosh art thou ! 

T%at notwithstanding thy capacity 

Rcceivetli as the sea, nought entere there. 

Of what validity' and pitch soever. 

But &lls into aoatement and low price. 

Even in a minute f so full of dbapos u fancy, 

That it alone is high-fantastical.^ 

1 The old copies read aoundy the emendation is 
Pope*s. Rowo had changed it to wind. In Sidney's Ar- 
cadia, 1500, we have — < more ewtet than a gentle eomtii, 
west wind which comes creepine orcrJUnoery fields.* 

3 Milton has very successfully introduced the same 
Image in Paradise Lost : 

* Now gentle gales. 

Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense 
Native pefumes and whisper whence they stole 
Those balmy spoils.** 

Shakspeare, in the Ninty-nlnth Sonnet, has made the 
violet the thief. 

* The forward violet thus did I chide : 

8weet thief, whence didst thou steal thy sweet that 

If not from my love*s breath.* 

Pope, in his Ode on St. Cecilia*s Day ; and Thomson, 
ill his Spring have availed themselves of the epithet 
• dying fair 

Cur, Will you go hunt, my lord 7 

Duke, What, Curio? 

Cur, The hart. 

Duke, Why, so I do^ the noblest that I hava : 
O, when mine eyes di(l see Olivia first, 
Methou(;ht she purg'd the air of pestilence ; 
That instant was I tum'd into a nart ; 
And my desires, like fell and cruel hounds, 
"* ~ me.>— Hownow? what newa 


smco pursue 
from her? 

J^nfer VALBirriirx. 

Vol. So please ray lord, I might not be admitted. 
But from her handmaid do return this answer : 
The element itself, till seven years heat,* 
Shall not behold her face at ample view: 
Bo^ like a cloistress, she will veiled waUi, 
Ann water once a day her chamber round 
With cye-ofiending brine : all this, to seaaon 
A brother's dead love, which she would keep fiesh. 
And lasting, in her sad remembrance. 

Duke, O, she, that hath a heart of that fine fraine. 
To pay this debt of love but to a brother, 

3 Value. 4 Fantastical to the heighL 

5 Shakipeare seems to think men cautioned acainal 
too great famiifarity with forbidden beauty by the" labia 
of Acteon, who saw Diana naked, and was torn to 
pieces by his hounds ; as a man indulging his eyes or 
his imagination with a view of a woman he r^in^it 
gain, has his heart torn with incessam longing. An in- 
terpretation far more elepant and natural oiau Loid 
Bacon's, who, in his Wisdom of the Ancients, supposes 
this story to warn us against Inquiring into the secrets o# 
princes, by showing that those who know that which ftr 
reasons of state ought to be concealed will be detected 
and destroyed by their own servants. The thonckt 
may have been sageested by Daniel's Fifth Soim^la 
his Delia; or by Whitney's Emblems, 1586, n!l<; 
and a paasage^n the Dedication to Aldington^ tram. 
laUon of ' The Golden Ass of Apuleius,* 1666, may hava 
suf gested these. * ' 

• Heal for Aea<edl 

IB, aid haut,' 
Tbaaa mattnifD thronai, ■» all nipDlad, and bW't 

iHer iwsel parfsctiona) with oaa a^ kmj' — 
Lwmj b^iira ma lo iwaat beda tjf Anran: 
XdTa-llKH>|hla lia rich, wban caaopiediriuibimera 

9CENS Q. ntSta Caam. £m»Tioli, Cup- 
tain, aiiSulon. 
Fm What covBtrr, Unit, ia thii I 
Cap. ninU, Wv. 

Fh. And iriui •hoold t da ia myria T 
My brothw hs ia ia Bljiiun. 
Parchanca ha ia not drtxniMi^WAat (Junk you^ 

C^b Ii iipiinilaaM thai jou founalf wars Mivd, 
F>g. O nv poor brottwi ! and ao, parctatao^ miLy 

C^. TnH, madam: ud, to comlbrt fou uiili 

Anura jouraelf, aAar our ahip did ipliU 
Wb«D joo, and (hiA poor Dumber laTed with ^vii, 
gtmg CD our driTinf boat, I aaw your broclur, 
Tbfoat proviieat La p«nL bind JumHlf 
ICouta^a and hopoboth icacluag bjm tbe pracinT 

To a iirooj mail, lii— '■— ' ■■■ 

Where, like Arion ai 


f •■. Iliani ia ■ fair behanonr i> thaa, caMaii 
Ajid thouch ih«t naJun oiih a bsvitaoia mall 
D^ on doae ia poUulion, yot <^ llwo 
I MtUli^i«n,lbauhanamiadllHtniiB 
Wilh tbii lb; &ir and outward cliaractar. 
I [»«y tbM, and ni paj thaa bomleoiialj. 

mae aa, liaply« all 

Tlx Ibrm of my in 

] [ fnay b« worth ^hy pauu ; Kir 1 can ting, 
Aiid ipeak to him ui many aOTta of muno. 

OiiIt ahajpa thou thy nieiKA to mj 
Cap. Ba you hii auouch, and ya 

Wben my longun blaba, IhsD lot n 
Fit. ItbuiitbH: Ludmaoa. 

a daas daaifa wUh niy Ikiln preia«iUlatti>n.' 1 
wnt apoQ which thi nliy '• Toundiid. iha Duka 
4rt»«B upon Iho Utt of Cjprmi. by * umpi*, SMe i 

hbidepaitm goa la purtuH nC Mm. All ihli 8 i > 

£?iJ»nS!bil'inetw«il. forjij It. Vio'u. In AaT ■ 
4, plainly aSwlai la har barUif bHn aacrtdy In U, 

lie rU bo : 
CENE m. ^ Aooai m Oliria'i fiaui. £ixv 

j.:eptio« toyonr iU bonra- 

Sw To. Wliy, 1st her oieopl brforo axeopied.' 

tftf , Ay, bat you mual coofiaa yoQnaif withm 
.0 modal t Jimili of ordar. 

Sir n. Confine I Pll csofine myielf no finer 
Lsn I am : thaaa clotheo are p>od enouch lo drink 
1, and ao be Iheae boota too ; an tliey be not, lat 
it^n hau thenaalTea b tbeir own atrvti- 

Jlftf- That quaffing and drinhiBf will imi 

Sir n. Who? Sir Andrew Agat^tatk 1 

iVor, At, ha. 

Sir Tg.He'i aa tall' a man ta any'i in Elyria. 

Mar. Whal'i that to the purpoaeT 

Sir Tt. Why, ha hu three thonaand dncati a 

Bfor. Ay, but hell haia but a ^aar in ill ibaM 
diicata! he*iiaTaTy fbot and aprodinl. 

Sir To. Fye, that joull lay lo ! ha phyi a*Iha 
-'iiiUde-gamb^ and apeaka three or finir 1anfuaj<« 

-i tot word whttoul book, aad haih u the good 

~ halh, bdaed, — alnwat natural : for, ba- 
e'a a fi»l, he'i a great quamiller ; and, 
halh the lifl of a cowvd to allay tha 

, ... .r— h in qiraTTalling, 'lii Ihonriit aEuonf the 

iriident, he would quickly haTe the gift of* mvo. 

Sir Tb. By thia hand they are scoundrelB, lod 
iiilMtracten, that >ay aaoThim. Who are they 7 

Mar. They thai add noresrer, he'i dnmk nightly 
in rour ownpany. 

Sir TV With drinking health* lo my nirce ; Fll 

■Inak to her, aa lanj aa there ia a paiaage ia my 

it, and drink inlllyria.- He'i a cowaid, and a 

_i • .1... _;ii -^ j,^„^ i„ „j uem, till hi* 

like a paiiah-lop.'° What, 

■ade an open coiiraaalon oT it to 
he Captain. 

j Thliplan ofVlnla'e waa notpnmied, aa HwouM 
<>;iTibHO liKonaUwnt with IhapkK ofiheplay. 8h* 
:,> prMolad aa a pa<t n« ai an nwK*. 
r, Aijirora.^ ^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^ ^_^^^^ 

a> hiUkU a nan. aa f ott a man, la mad 

by Sir Tntiy wHh Bora d»n Iho oniallfetlKe of 
•on] ; ha waa pleaaad wllh ihe aqiHTaqua, and ban 
apon the dinunative itaiiire oT poor Sir Androw. 

,.. . . .mean, or wonhleaa fellow. 

10 A large top waa ftinnwiy kiplln tTiry •llliigF, ia 
■■■:< whipped In (hay weather, thai ttwJMiuanli might 



Act L 

wendi? CaBtiliftno rolto ;* for here eomes Sir An- 
drew Afue-face. 

Enter Sir Aitdbbw Aovx-orcxk. 

Sir And, Sir Tobj Bekh! hoir dow. Sir Toby 

Sir To. Sweet Sir Andrew ! 

Sir And, Bleet jou, fkir threw. 

Mar. And you too^ dr. 

Sir TV. Aocoet, Sir Andrew, aeooet. 

Sir And. What's that 7 

Sir TV. My niece's chamber-maid. 

Sir And. Uood mistress Aoeost, I deaire better 

Mar. My name is Mary, sir. 

Sir And. €k>od mistress Mary Accost,— 

Sir TV. Tou mistake, knisht: accost, is, front 
her. board her, woo her, assau her. 

Sir And. By my troth,! would not undertake her 
in this company. Is that the meaning of accost 7 

Mar. rV9 yon well, gentlemen. 

Sir TV. An thou let pMut so. Sir Andrew, Nrould 
tlKMi miffht'st never draw swora again. 

Sir And. An you part so, mistress, I would I 
might never draw sword again. Fair lady, do you 
think you have fools in hanid 7 

Mar. Sir, I have not you by the hand. 

Sir And, MMxrjf but you snail have ; and here's 
my hand. 

Mar. Now, sir. thought is free : I pray you, bring 
your hand to the Duttery-bar, and let it dnnk. 

Sir And. Wherefore^ sweetheart 7 what's your 
metaphor 7 

Mar. It's dry, sir. 

Sir And. Why, I think so ; I am not such an ass. 
but I can keep my hand dry. But what's your jest / 

Mar. A dry jest, sir. 

Sir And. Are yon fiill of them 7 

Mar. Ay, sir ; I have them at my fingers' ends : 
marry, now I let go your hand, I am barren. 

[£ani Maria. 

Sir TV. O kmght, thou lack'st a cup of canary : 
When did I see Uiee so put down 7 

Sir And. Never in your life, I thidc ; unless you 
see canary put me down : Methinks, someUroes I 
have no more wit than a christiai^ or an ordinary 
man has : but I am a great eater oTbeef, and, I be- 
lieve, that does harm to my wit. 

Sir To, No question. 

Sir And, An I thought that, Fd forswear it. Til 
ride home to-morrow, Sir Toby. 

Sir To. Pourquo^f my dear knight 7 

Sir And, What is pottrquoy? oo or not do 7 I 
would I had bestowed that time in the tonnes, that 
I have in fencing, dancing, and bear-baiting : O, 
had I but follow^ the arts ! 

Sir TV. Then hadst thou had an excellent head 
of hair. 

Sir And, Why, would that have mended my hair? 

Shr To. Past question ; for thou seest it will not 
enri by nature. 

Sir And. But it becomes me well enough, does't 

1 The old copy reads Castiliano tnilgo. Warburton 
propoited rcadini^ Cattilianc volto. IntLngWuh, put on 

four Castilian cuuntenance, i. e. ' grave serious looks.' 
hare no doubc that Warburton was right, for that read, 
ing is required by the context, and Castiliano vulgo has 
no meaning. But I have met with a passage in Hall'M 
Satires, B. iv. S. 3, which I think places it beyond a 
duuU: — 

be can kiss hand In gree. 

And with good grace bow it below the knee, 

Or make a Spanish face with fawning cheer, 

With th* Hand conge like a cavalier. 

And shake his head, and cringe his neck and side,'lcc. 
The Spaniards were in high estimation fbr courtesy, 
though the naimtil gravity of the national countenance 
wa« thought to be a cloak for villany. The Caatiliano 
rofto was in direct onprwition to the viso Bciotto which 
the noble Roman tola Sir Henry Wootton would go safe 
over the world. Casciliano vuigOt besides its want of 
connexion or meaning in this ptece, could hardly have 
bef^v. a proverbial phrase, when we remember that Cas- 
f'K: •• the noblcMl part of Spain 

Sir TV. Eicellent ; it han^ Kke flu« afigtif ; 
and I hope to see a hooMwifo take thM he hma 
her legs and spin it off. 

Sir And. 'Faith, FU hone to-monow, 8irT%: 
your niece will not be seen ; or, if die pe, k'k far 
to one shell none of me : the coaut kiaiiai^ hut 
hard by, woos her. 

Sir To. She*ll none o' the count; Atl^miAtmkh 
above her deoree, neither in estate, yeva, nor wit ; 
I have heard her swear it. Tut, there's life in't, ma. 

Sir And. HI stay a month longer. I am a U 
low o^ the strangest imnd f the worid ; I iei||bt ii 
masqaes and revels sometimes altogether. 

fi^ TV. Art thou good at these kkUiawn, kBi|jht7 

Sir And. As any man in Dlyria, whataoever hs 
be, under the degree of my betters ; Mad jti I wS 
not coinpare with an old man. 

Sir To, What is thy ezceDeiice in m giOivd, 

Sir And, 'Faith, I can cut a caper. 

Sir To. And I can cut the rantton to*!. 

Sir And. And, I think I have the back-trick, ■■- 
ply as strong as any man in Illyria. 

Sir'To, Wherefore are these thinn hidT wlisr»> 
fore have these sifts a curtain More theait aie 
they like to take oust, like mistress MalPspittareT* 
why dost thou not go to diurdi in a eaQmrd. aiid 
come home in a coranto7 Bfyvery wuk slwddbe 
"^ jig ; I wouM ikot so much as mate water, bat iaa 
sink-a^pace.* What dost thou mean? is it a world 
to hide virtues in 7 I did think, by the irntBfBf 
constitution of thy leg, it was formed nnder the iUr 
of a ^liard. 

Str And. Ay, 'tis strong, and it does iadiflei e M 
well in a flame-coloured stock.* Shall we aeC aboiil 
some revels 7 

Sir To. WlaA shaH we do else T wera wa Ml 
bom under Taurus 7 

Sir And. Tamrus 7 that*s sides and heart. 

Sir To. No, sir ; it is legs and thifhs.* Let BW 
see thee caper : ha ! higher : ha, ha! — excellent ! 

SCENE IV. A Room in tha Dtri^'a 

ErUer Vai.srtijvk, and Viola m 


Vol, If the Duke continues these &veurs towaids 
ou, Ccsario, you are like to be much advanced ; 
e hath known you but three days, and already yon 
are no stranger. 

Vio. You either fear his humour, or mynegfi- 
eence, that you call in question the continuance of 
His love : Is he inconstaut, sir, in his favours 7 
Va!, No, believe me. 

Enter Dum:, Curio, omf Attendants. 

Vio. I thank you. Here comes the couaL 

Duke. Who saw Ccsario, ho? 

Vio. On your attendance, my lord ; here. 

Duke. Stand you awhile aloof.— Cesario, 
Thou knowest no less but all ; I have unclaqi'd 
To thee the book even of my secret soul : 

9 I. e. Mall Cutpurse, whose real name was Maiy 
Frith. She was at once an hermaphrodite, a bawd, a 
pm^itute, abully, a thief, and a receiver of stolen goods. 
A book called « The Madde Prankes of Merry Mall of 
the Banksidc, with her Walks in Man's Apparel, and to 
what purpose, byJohnDny,» was entered on me 8tt- 
tioners' books in 1610. Middleton and Decker wrote a 
Com<'dv, of which she i» the heroine, and a life oif hei 
wa,s publislied in 1663, with her portrait in male aidiB. 
Afl this extraordinary pcrsimage partook of both sexes, 
the curtain which Sir Toby mentions would not have 
been unnecessarily drawn before such a jtkMure of her 
as might have been exhibked in an age orwhfch lurilher 
too much delicacy nor too much decency was the cha* 

8 Cinque'pacey the name of a dance, the m c a suwe 
whereof are regulated by the number i, aleo callsd a 

4 Stocking. 

6 Alluding to the medical astrology of the almanacka. 
Both the knights are wrong, but their ignorance is Mr 
haps intentional. Taurue is made to govern the wfcjl 
and throat. 




llierelbre, mod yovthi iiddreM tkj nit* unto her ; 
B« noC dea^d accw, stand at her <foors, 
Aad ten then, there thy fised foot ahall grow, 
1U thea haw aadMBoab 

Fie. Sure, my noble lord. 

If die be eo abandcoM to her aorrow 
Aa tt is apeke, ihe Mover win adait Me. 

IMht. Be clamorous, and leap all civil bounds, 
Bathw than malit unprofiied retma_ 

Fie. Si^, I do speak vHth her, my lord ; what 

JEMhfc O, then mSM the pasmoa of ny love, 
Hmmkm her with diseeurse of my dear ikith: 
It saaU beeeaM thee well to act my woes ; 
" will attead it better ia thy youth, 
n ia a auado of smto sraye aspect. 


JDmht. Dear lad, believe it ; 

For they shall yet belie thy happy years 
That say, thou art a man : Diana's lip 
li Bot BMNre smooth aad ndiious ; thy small pipe 
b as the ma id en 's orgaa, shrill and sound, 
And all ae ssmhiitive a woman's part. 
I know thy c<»stellatioa is right apt 
For this a&ir :— 4ome four or five attend him : 
A^LifyMwiU; for I myself am best. 
When least ia co m pany ;^Prosper well in this, 
And thou shalt live as fieely as thy lord, 
Ta oal his fortmrns thine. 

Fmw 111 do my best 

T» woe your lady: yet [.Jm^J a barfol' strife ! 
Wkoe'er I woe^ myself would be his wife. [Exmml, 

8CENB y. A lloom m OUvia*^ hmm. Efder 
Maeia oMd Clown.* 

Jtftr. Nay, either tell me where thou hast been, 
«r I win not open my Kps so wide as a bristle amy 
enter, in way of thy eicuse : my lady will hang 
thee for thy aboeace. 

Gb. Let her hanf me : he that is well hanged in 
Ilia wscU needs to fear no colours. 

Jtfor. Make that good. 

CIs. He shall see none to fear. 

JMIv. A good lenten^ answer: I can tell thee 
where tfiat mying was bom, o£ I fear no colours. 

Ch. Where, good mistress Mary! 

JMsr. In the wars ; and that may you be bold to 
•ay ia your foolery. 

CU. Well, God eire them wisdom, that have it ; 
aad those that are fools, let them use their talents. 

Afar. Tet you will be hanged for being so Ions 
absent : or, to be turned away, is not that as gooa 
as a hanjring to you? 

^ Cle. Many a good hanging prerents a bad mar- 
tiage ; and, for tumins away, Tet summer bear it out. 

Afar. Tou are resolute tnen ? 

CZb. Not so neither ; but I am resolved on two 

Afar. Hwt, if one break,* the other will bold ; or, 
if both break, your nskins fall. 

Cb. Apt, m ffood faith : very apt ! Well, go thy 
way I if Sir Toby would leave drinking, thou wert 
as witty a piece of Eve's flesh as any in Illyna. 

^ Peace, you rogue, no more o' that ; here 
my lady: make your excuse wisely, you 
esL [EjHL 

JSnier Olivia and Malvolio. 

Cb. WiL aad't be thy wilL put me into good 
fonBag! Tnoee wits, that think they have thee, do 
very eft prove fools ; and I, that am sure I lack 

1 Goihywaj. 

9 A contest full of bnpedimencs. 

I The clown In this ^ay is a domestk fool In the ser> 
vice of Olivia. He li specificaUy termed an allowed 
fool, aad * FetU^ the jeater that the lady OUvia^s father 
tock. much dafight in.* MalvoUo speaka of him as * a 
set fooL* The drew of the doraMlic fool was ct two 
sons, dise ri bcd by Mr. Douce in his Eeeay on the 
Ckms and Fools of Shakspeare, to which we most 
refer the reader for full inforraatfon. The dress some- 
dBMs approprisced to the character Is thus described in 
Tatleiim*s Newes out of Purgatory ; * I mw one attired 
In mssst, with a buttoned cap upon his head, a bag by 
WssUe, and a Wong bat in his hand; so aodAcially at- 

thee, may pass for a wise man : For what sa^s 
Quinapalua? Better a witty fool, than a foolish wit. 
• God bless thee, lady! 

OK. Take the fogl away. 

Clo. Do you not hear, fellows T Take away the 

OK. Go to, you're a dry fool; m ito more o( 
you : besides Vou grow dislionest. 

Cfo. Two iaults. madonna,* that drink and good 
counsel will amena : for give the dry fool drink, then 
is the fool aot dry : bid the dishonest man mend 
himself; if he mencL he is no loncer didhonest ; if 
he cannot, let the i>otcher mend nim : Any thing 
that's mended, b but patched : virtue, that tran»> 
grosses, is but patched with sin: and sin, that 
amends, b but patched with virtue : If that thia 
simple syllogism will serve, so; if it will not, what 
reiaedy f As there b no true cuckold but calamity, 
so beauty's a flower : — the lady bade take away the 
fool ; therefore, I say again, take her away. 

OU. Sir, I bade them take away vou. 

do* Misprision in the highest degree! — Lady, 
Cuadtiu nonfadt momackum; that's as much as to 
say, I wear not motley in my brain. Good madoa- 
aa^ve me leave to prove you a fooL 

Uu, Can you do it T 

Cfe. Dezteroualy, good madam. 

Ott. Make your proofl 

Cb. I must catechize you for it, amdooim* 
Good say mouse of virtue, answer me. 

OK. Wdl, sir, for want of other idleness, I'll 
Inde your proof. 

Cfe. Good madonna, why moum'st thou? 

OU. Good fool, for my brother's death. 

Clo. I think hb soul is in hell, madonna. 

on, I know hb soul b in heaven, fo<d 

Clo. like more fool you, madonna, to mourn for 
your brother's soul being ia heaven.^Take away 
the fool, gentlemen. 

OK. What think you of thb fool, Malvolio 7 doth 
he not mend? 

MaL Tea : and shall do, till the pangs of death 
shake him : Infirmity, that decays the wise, doth 
ever make the better fooL 

Cb. God send you, sir, a a^Mdy infirmity, for 
the better encreasing your folly I Sir Toby vnll be 
sworn tlutt I am no fox ; but he will not pass hb 
word for twopence that you are no fool. 

OH. How say you to that, Malvolio? 

Mai. I marvel your ladyship takes delight in such 
a barren rascal ; I saw him put down the other day 
with an ordinary fool that has no more brain than a 
stone. Look you now, he's out of his guard alrea- 
dy ; unless you laugh and minister occanon to him, 
he b gagged. I protest I take these wise men, that 
crow so at these set of kind fools, no better than the 
fools' sanba.' 

on. O, you are sick of sel^love, MalvoGo, and 
taste with a dbtempered appetite. To be senerous, 
ffiiiltless, and of free disposition, b to tuce those 
Uimgs for bird-bolts,* that you deem cannon-bullets : 
There b no slander in an allowed fool, though he do 
nothing but rail ; nor no railing in a known dbcreet 
man, though he do nothing but reprove. 

Clo. Now Mercury endure thee with leasing,* for 
thou speakest well of fools! 

Re^tnter Maria. 

Afar. Madam, there b at the f^te a young gen- 
tleman, much desires to speak with you. 

tired for a elotene as I began to call Tarlecon*s wonted 
shape to remeralnrance.* 

4 Short and spare. * Sparing, niggardly, insuffi- 
cient, like the fare of old titnem In Lent Metaphori' 
cally, ahorlj laeonie.* Says Steerens. I rather incline 
to Johnson* seaplanstion, * a good dry answer.* 8cee> 
vena does not seem to hare been aware that a dry fig 
was called a Unten fig. In fact, bitlen fare was dry fare. 

6 Pointa were laces which fastened the hose or 

6 TialiaHt mistress, dame. 

7 Fools' baubles. 

8 Bird-bolu were short thick arrows with obtusa* 
ends, used fur shooting young rooks and other birds 

9 Lying. 




OK. From the coimt Ornno, is H7 
jMor. Iknovmotyinadain; 'tbafriryoniigiBUi, 
and well attended, 
OH, Who of mj people hold him in delay? 
Mar, Sir Tobj, madam, joor kinro ian. 

am mckm or not at home ; what 70a will to dinnue 

■polce fiyr iul madonna, ae if thy 
eldest eon should be a fool : whose skull Jore cram 
with hrains, for here he comes, one ci thy kin, has 
a most we8JE|»ia maUrJ 

^ BnUr Bra, Toby Belch. 

05. By inlhe honour, half drunk.— What » he 
at the sate, cousin 7 

Sir xbw A gentleman. 

(Hu A genUeman ! what gentleman? 
4 Sir To, Tb a gentleman here — ^A plague o'these 
pickle-herrings ! — How now, sot? 

Go, Good Sir Toby, 

OU. Cousin, cousin, how have yon come soearly 
by this lethargr 7 

Sir 7b. Lediery I I defy lechery : Tliere's one 
at the gate. 

06, Ay, marry ; what is he 7 

Sir 3V. Let him be the devil, an he will, I care 
not : give me faith, say I. WeU, it's all one. [ExiL 

(XL What's a drunken man like, fool 7 

Cio. Like a drown'd man, a fooL and a madman ; 
one (Irau^t above Aeat mskes nim a fool; the 
second mads him ; and a third drowns him. 

OU. Go thou and seek the coroner, and let him 
sit 0' my cos; for he's in the third degree <^drink; 
he*i drown'd ; go, look after him. 

Cla, He is but mad yet, madonna; and the 
fed shall look to the madman. [Etit Clown. 

R^-^mUr Malvouo. 

MaL Madam, yond' young fellow swears he will 
q>eak to you. I told lum you were sick : he takes 
on him to understand so much, and thererore comes 
to spesk with yoa : I told him you were asleep ; he 
seems to have a foreknowledge of that too, and 
therefore comes to speak with you. What is to be 
said to him, lady 7 he's fortified against any denial. 

OU. Tell him, he shall not spedc with me. 

Mid. He has been told so : and he says, hell 
stand at your door like a sheriff's post,* and be the 
supporter of a bench, but hell meak with you. 

OU, What kind of man is he f 

Mai, Why, of man kind. 

OU, What manner of man 7 

Mai, Of very ill manner ; he'll speak with you, 
will you or no. 

Oa, Of what personage and years is be 7 

Mai. Not yet old enough for a man, nor ydung 
enough for a boy : as a sauash is before 'tis a peas- 
cod, or a codling* when 'tis almost an spple : 'tis 
with him e'en standing vrater, between Doy and 
man. He is very well favoured, and he spesks 
very shrewishly ; one would think, his mother's milk 
were scarce out of him. 

OU, Let him approach: Call in my gentle* 

Mai, Gentlewoman, my lady calls. [Exit, 


1 The membrane that covers the brain. 

9 The BherifTs formerly had painted poets set up at 
IMr doors, on which proclamatione, Ice. were affixed. 

S A coming (according to Mr. Glfford.) means an 
incoluerum or kellf and was used by our old writers for 
that early scats of vefeauion,when tne fruit, after sbak- 
hig off Che blowom, began to aasume a globular and 
decerrainate shape. Mr. Nares says, a eodKng was a 
young raw appie, fit for nochin^ without dressing, and 
that Ft is so named liecause it was chiefly eaten when 
coddled or scalded ; codlings beinj; particularly so used 
when unripe. Florio interprets * Mele ootte, quodlingOf 
b^led apples.* 

4 Arcouniabls. 

OIL Give me my veil} come, thwwr Htfer wy ftii; 
Well once more near OrsiiMni iimhassy. 

% - EnUr YiOLA. 

Fio. The hoDombb lady of tha hows^silkk 
is she 7 

OU, Speak to meu I shtD aBiiwer for her : T«« 

Fto. Most radiant, enpilsite, and immatchiUs 

beauty,— I pray yoo, tell me. if' this be th« Ujrof 
the house, for I never saw iier: I woald be haA 

to cast away my speech : for, besides that It iisk- 
cellently well penn'd^ I nave taken grept ptkm Is 
coo it. Good beauties, let me sustain mo aesn; 
I am very comptiUe,* even to tJbe^least wmattm 
nsage. ^^ 

OU, Whence come yoo, sir? 

Fio. I can say little more than I have sfmBsd^ 
and that quesUoa's out of my part. Good fMrtle 
one. give me modest assurance, if yoa bo the bdf 
<^ tne house, that I may proceed in my spsorh 

OU, Are you a comedian 7 

Fio. No, my profound heart :, and yet, by tta 
very fangs of msJice, I swear, I am not that ipl^fu 
Are you the lady of the hoi»e 7 

Oft. If I do not usurp mysdf^ I an. 

Vio. Most certain, if yoa are she^ yoa do laarp 
yourself; for vdiat is yours to bestow, is not yoon 
to reserve. But this is from my rnmmissinn : I 
will on with my speech in your praisa, and dis^ 
shew you the heart of my message. 

OIL Come to what is important in't : I fergifa 
you the praise. 

Fio. Alas, I took great psins to study it, aad'lip 

Oft*. Itisthemoreliketobefoigned; I prmyyoo^ 
keep it in. I heard y<Mi were saucy at n^ gales ; 
and: allowed your approacL rather to woader at 
yon than to hear you. ff you be not mad,* be 
gone ; if you have reason, be brief: *tia not that 
time of moon with me, to make one in so skippin|^ 
a dialogue. 

ilfor. Will you hoist sail, sur 7 here Bea yo u r w a y. 

Fio. No, good swabber : I am to hull* here a 
little longer.—- Some mollification for your giant,* 
Bweel lady, 

OK, Tell me your mind. 

Fto. I am a messenger. 

OU, Sure, you have some hideous matter to deli- 
ver, when the courtesy of it is so foarful. Speak 
your office. 

Vio, It alone concerns your ear. I iMing no 
overture of war, no taxation of homaj^ ; I hold the 
olive in my hand : my words are as full of peace as 

OU, Tet you began rudely. What are yoa? 
what would you 7 

Vio, The rudeness, that hath af^arM in sse 
have I leara'd from my entertaiimienL What I am, 
and what I would, are as secret as maidenhead : ta 
your ears^ divinity ; to any other's, profanation. 

OU, Give us the place alone ; we will hear this 
divinity. [Ejrit Maria.] Now, sir, vdiat is your 

Vio, Most sweet ladv, 

OU, A comfortable doctrine, and much may be 
said of it. Where lies your text? 

6 The sense seems to require that we should rnd^ 
* if you be mad, bec^ne.* For the words 6e mad in the 
first part of the sentence are opposed 10 rtaoon in the 

i. e. wlM, frolic, mad. 

7 To kmti means to drive to end fro upon the wstsr 
without sails or rudder. 

9 Ladies in romance are guarded by gfants. YkAs 
seeing the waltlng-mald so eager to oppose her message^ 
entreats Olivia to pacify her giant There Is alro a 
pleasant allusion to the diminutive size of Maria, who 
Is subsequently called litth villain, youngrot wren ^f 
nine, fcc. It should be recollected that the feonale pai 
wars played Ivy ^s. 

flcxn 17. 



Vw. InOrrinoibotom? 
OH. In his bofom 7 In wbat chapter of hit bosom 7 
Fio. To answer bj the method, in the first of his 
(Ni. 0, 1 hare read it; it is heresy. Have jou 

00 more to saj 7 

Fio. Good madam, let me see your face. 

OIL Have you any comminion from your lord 
to negotiate with ray uce 7 you are now out of your 
text : but we will draw the curtain, and shew you 
the picture. Lode you, sir. such a one as I was, 

thisj>r<^>«n<* • * — ^^ not ^«u <^® 7 [ Unveilmg. 
Vw. Excellently done, ifGod did all. 
Oh, Tie in grain, sir ; 'twill endure wind and 

Fio. Tis beauty truly Uint,* whose red and white 
Nature's own sweet and cunning hand laid on : 
Lady, you are the cruel'st she uive. 
If you wUi lead these graces to the grave, 
And leave the world no copy.* 

Oa, O, sir, I will not be so hard-hearted : I will 
jpre out divers schedules of mv beauty : It snail be 
mventoried ^ and every particle and utensil label- 
ed to my will : as, item, two lips indifferent red ; 
item, two gray eyes, with lids to them ; item, one 
aedk, one chm, and so ibrth. Were you setit hi- 
ther to 'praise^ me 7 

Fio. I see you what you are: you are too proud ; 
But, if you were the devil, you are fair. 
My iora and master loves you ; O, such love 
Could be but recompens'd, though you were crown'd 
The nonpareil of beauty! 

OS. How does he love me 7 

Fio. With adorations, with fertile tewrs, 
With groans that thunder love, with sishs of fire. 
OK. Tour lord does know my mind, I cannot love 
Yet I suppose him virtuous, know him noble. 
Of great estate, of fresh and stainless youth; 
In voices well divul^d^' free, leam'd, and valiant. 
And, in dimension, and the shape of nature^ 
JL gracious person : but yet I cannot love him ; 
He might have took his answer long ago. 

Fio. If I did love yon in my masters flame, 
With such a suffering, such a deadly life. 
In your denial I wouki find no sense, 

1 would not understand it. 

Oil, Why, what would you 7 

Fio. Make me a willow cabin at your gate, 
>«id call upon my soul within the house ; 
Write loyai cantons' of contemned love^ 
And sing them loud even in the dead of^night ; 
Holla your name to the reverberate hills, 
.Ind make the babbling gossip of the air* 
Cry out, Olivia ! O, you should not rest 
Between the elements of air and earth. 
But you should pity me. 

Ou. Tou rnignt do much : What is your parent- 

Kio. Atovo my fortunes, yet my state is well : 
I am a gentleman. 

OtL Get you to your lord ; 

I cannot love him : let him send no more ; 
fJnless, perchance, you come to me again. 
To tell me how he takes it. Fare you well : 
I thaidc you for your pains : spend this for me. 

Fio. J am nofeeM post," lady ; kfepyour purse ; 
My master, not myself^ lacks recompense. 

1 The old copy reads, * Look you, sir, such a one as 
I was this present* M. Mason propuseu to read * Look 
you, rir, such a» once I was, ihla preaenU.* The aim* 
|rie emendatton bi the text, which I have ventured upon, 
makes It intellifible. We may by the slight transfX)- 
•hion of a word make it explain Itself: * Look you, sir, 
•ueh a one I was, as this nresenis.* 

3 Blended, mixed together. 

5 Shak^peare has a similar thought repeated In his 
ddrd, nimh, eleventh, and thirteenth sonnets. 

4 L e. appraise. 

• Well spoken ofby the world. 

6 Cantos, verses. 

7 A moat beautiful ezprssskm foranedho. 
B Mem s ngc r . 

Love make his heart of flint, that you shall love ; 

And let your fervour, like my master's, be 

Plac'd in contempt ! Fafowell, fair cruelty. lEmi* 

OIL What is your parentage 7 
Above my foftunetj vH my state ia vadl : 
lam a gentleman,--i'\l be sworn thou art. 
Thy tongue, thy face, thy limbs, actions, and spirit. 
Do give thee five-fold blazon ;* — ^Not too fast :- 

softl sofl! 
Unless the master were the man.— How now 7 
Even so quickly may one catch the plague 7 
Methinks, I feel this youth's perfections. 
With an invisible ana subtle stealth. 
To creep in at mine eyes. Well, let it be.— > 
What, bo, Malvolio!— 

Rf^nter Malvolxo. 

Mai. Here, madam, at yoin* service. 

OU. Run afler that same peevish messenger. 
The county's*" man : he left this ring behind mm," 
Would Ij or not ; tell him, Fll none of it. 
Desire him not to flatter with his lord. 
Nor hold him up with hopes ! I am not for him : 
If that the youth will come this way to-morrow, 
III give bun reasons for't. Hie, thee, Malvolio. 

MaL Madam, I will. [ExiL 

OU, I do I know not what : and fear to find 
Mine eye too great a flatterer for my mind.*^ 
Fate, show thy force : ourselves we do not owe ;*' 
What is decreed, must be ; and be this so ! [Exit. 


SCENE I. The Sea CoaaL Enter Aftonxo and 


Ant. WiU you stay no longer 7 nor will you noV 
that I go with you 7 

8 A. By your patience, no : my stars shine dari^- 
ly over me ; the malignancy of my fate might, per' 
h^>s, distemper yours ; therefore I shall crave of 
you your leave, that I may bear my evils alone : It 
were a bad recompense for your love, to lay any oi 
them on you. 

AnL Let me yet know of you, whither you are 

Seb, No, 'sooth, sir ; my determinate voyage is 
mere extravagancy. But 1 perceive in you so ex- 
cellent a toucD of modesty, tnat you will not extort 
from me what I am willing to keep in ; therefore it 
charges me in manners the rather to express' 'my- 
self. Tou must know of me, then, Antonio, my 
name is Sebastian, which I aUled Rodorigo : my 
father was that Sebastian of Messaline,'^ whom, 1 
know, you have heard o£$ he left behind him my- 
self and a sister, both bom in an hour. If the hea- 
vens had been pleased, 'would we had so ended ! 
but, you, sir, altered that ; for, some hour before 
you took me from the breach of the sea, was my 
sister drowned. 

AnL Alas, the day ! 

Seb, A lady, sir, thouefa it was said she much 
resembled me, was yet of many accounted beauti- 
ful : but, though I could not, with such estimable 
wonder, >' overfar believe that, yet thus far I will 
boldly puUish her, she bore a mind that envy could 
not but call fair : she is drowned already, sir, with 
salt water, though I seem to drown her remem- 
brance again with more.'* 
,^^-^^^^^"^"^^"^"^^— ^^^^^""^^■^^^""^"^^^^^^— ^■^^^^^"^■^— ^^ 

9 Proclamation of gentility. 

10 CounL 

11 i. e. she fears that her eyes had formed so flattering 
an idea of the supposed youth Cesario, that she should 
not have strength of mind sufficient to resist the impres* 

13 L e. we are not our own masters, we cannot govern 
ourselves ; owe fur own, poeeeee. 

18 ReveaL 

14 Probably intended for Ifeteim, an Island in the 

16 i. e. esteeming wonder, or wonder and esteem. 
16 There is a similar false thought in Hamlet : 

* Too much of water hast thou, poor Ophelia, 

And therefore 1 forbkl my teaxa.' 


Sir Ami. Vmr.hj^ti^Iiam mail MI 
kwni la k( s lUk ■ U ka B UMh 

«v IV A Un aach^w : I kM It M M » 
GDed cu: IV b* ^ ■<« —MgW, «nd to » H 
bHlib«i,if wi^; w *u t>|i to te4 (Await 

.««. iryMwOlMt wader ■■ 

SriL 1? nM wiH OM mtie nbai jm ban dose, 
a«li*,kiB haivhaai jm ha*« hcotm*^ 4 «in 
kaat. PMfoaidlttMO*; mjbetommtia cC 

tmlkB r ,' Ibat nsa tfc« kut d ccm w non, 

noosillldl tdHafBO. I^fa^ totfai 

ftiau'ic—1; AnrnM. [l:dt 


I lar* auj eacBn h Orna'i amBt, 

BIm i*«M I iwr ^ndT OH tb« ihno : 

Bm, case wh*t ■■;, 1 da o*n Ah m, 

Thu dugsr •hall —am apan, ud I wfll (o. (£i^. 

flCCmiL ABtrmL JStwYiMA ; U. 

HMm Won aot nv vnn oov wilh dia ooi 
Fia. EnoBow.BT; « a nodenia pan ] 

ton lakeo it aw. 

bof* and ma BIT H 
jmmIC jOwadSu 

<f kia: Aad om^^ 
kii^toeoaM anil ■ 
wpatt yovkrd'i tdiiwafdb. 

Vioi. 8ba took du ling ofBa !— TU bom of it. 

JfaL Cona, bt, yoo pevriMj throw it to hei 
■■d bar will it, it ibaM he oo retarned : if ii i 
worth MoODtDf tor, ibera it liia ia vour era : if dd 
WbbSulDdait. [fjn 

Fml I laft 00 riB( with bar : What Dwaoi tlualad V 
VMoBa fiirtU in OBtiida haTa DOI ehana'd her ! 
flbo made food new of ma; indead ao nndi, 
not, avanalbaa^t bar erei had loot bgdoD^e 

Mooa of iBv lonl'a riB( ! wh*. ho aaM h« DC 
I as Iba oun i-ITH E{ •», (u til,) 
Voor lodj.dM were batter la*e a dmm. 
DiipiiK, I tte, ihaa art a wickedneH, 

10 Ht Ihsir 

c«™, Dot wo j 

Bow will thurulge7> Mr miner lorao her deailj 
Mad Upoor raoniWr, food ai much on himj 

What will became of Ihii ! Ai I am man, 

JU I uo wnman, iiaw ala* Oie dar ! ' 

What IhiinieiiaighaihiJI poor Olniahroith T 
O time, Ihuu mun uDian|(le thit, nai 1 ; 


•appoaad hiakh u euulii In ihe 
Uw/nir tirmmu In ihs human Tri 
rtt »lr tnJn w : 

Ind tbuae an sw<d u poareu 

Sir Amd. Tbilh, .0 Ihay -7 i ^^ ' 

SirTt. noaaitaachalw; lataaiha 
tod ibiak. Mirin, I aj t — ft MaT of i 



SirJiJ. BnesMOthi 

Ciy, How BOW, mj hmn 
the pictuTs efwatiuoo}* 

Sir. TU Wdooao,OM,BwlaAbnnsMttb. 

5^ AniL B* B* iratt, tho faal too ■■ oari- 
lent brtut.' iW rMharthaaArtvAiBBBlbrf 
.urii altc: vidooowaatBhoaAtoMltilbe 
ft-)l nu. In aoalh,dn« wul m wmjmtamt 
l»>lini: lut Bifht, lAaa IboaipilMlofnpOMV 
niKU3; df iha Yfmm pamc tbe e«Baclid d 
Queubuii ; *twu nrj HO^ Pbilfa. I MM Iba* 
7>.pcnce U On l«Mi:»ibM r - 

Clc. I did %i*ti a>ol^ (rotiL 

S^A,«L Bwlinill Wby,tbyiithobwttofr 

g. whcD dl H data. How ■ MOt 

Sir To. Cone oa; iba* i> Myna ftr jw, 

S'ir ^•kj. noro'a a toalrit af »o lam! « aw 

Os. Wdoldjoahno a ton-asab «rkNM|«f 

lir Ta. A IoTe4on(, ■ loTg-iotw. 
!<rA,^. Aj, ay; fean not fcr |aad U. 
SONG. ' 

Clo. mJMrtm warn, itlart mt yoa wiaj f 
O, •w bhI tar ; ]«r but taoc'o onu 
TW ooa IBV iiA K|« ■»! Iw .• 

/oiinNWI *mI a jaewi' iiitiiij', 
f H>ir wut Moa'* IM cfcd fcM. 
Ifr^W. Elcallenlcood.i'Euthl 

'■ir To. Good, good: 
Cla. If~)iatuIsH? '(itiu^AirHAe-; 

PtcmK nv(» hak fntHitoHttttri 

ll'lUd'l (B COM* U a^ MHVI .• 

/n dfl^ IJWrt lia IH ;>ln^ ; 

Sir And. A mellifluom toko, a« I am tnre Vwij ^ , 
Sir Ta. A cootagiooa broaih. 
Sir. Ind. Terj aweei and eooltnoaa, i'Utb. 
':>rlb To hear by ths noae, it ii dnleot in eow^ 


ra Ihre aoula 

» tb phiaH ha* bani tl 
tid-imniy afvoaia u ban batn 
ih ik Menu 10 ton rotmd. 


throe aoDlaruw n- 

liloBd Ihaaoulu 
piauu reumbi iht boad,afc 

Hirniil TrhirtwT org ahuB 

. 'Vlalo rein 




Sir AmL An 700 lore me, letPs do^ : I am dog 
tt a catch, 
do. By'r lady, nr, and tomedogi will catch well. 
Sir Amd. Meet certain : let our catch be, Tkou 

Gb. Hiditfypeaei^ thou knare, knicht? I shall 
be coartrainM m% to call thee knaTO, knifbt. 

Sir And. Twnot the firattinel have constramVl 
one to call me knave. Begin, fi>ol • *« begiu, JBM 

iftv. I shall nerer bejpn. if I hold my pMM. 
^»> AjmL Good, ifaith ! Come, begin. 

[They ting a eaUh. 

EnUr Makxa. 

Afar, What a caterwauling do you keep here ! 
If my lady have not called up her steward, Malvo- 
lio, stDd bid him turn you out ol doors, never trust me. 

£Kr Tbu My lady's a Cataian,* we are politi- 
csana; Bfalvouo's a Peg-apRamsey,' and Three 
■HMj> men toe be. Am not I consanguineous 7 am 
I not of her blood? Tilley-valley> lady ! There 
dwelt a man in JBebylan, kunff la^ ! [^Singing, 

CUk Beshrew me,the knight's in admirable fooling. 

Sir And, Ay, he does well enough, if he be di»- 
poMKl, and so do I too ; he does it with a better 
grace, but I do it more natural 

Sir To, Of ike twe^ day of Deeember*^ 


JUer. For the love o' God, peace. 

BnUfr Maltolxo. 

BdteL My masters, are you mad 7 orwhatareyou! 
Have you no wit, manners, nor honesM^ but to gab- 
lile like tinkers at this time of night? Do you make 
«n alehouse oC my lady's house, that ye squeak out 
your cociers** catches without any mitigation or 
remorse of voice ? Is there no respect of place, 
pereoBS, nor time^ in you? 

Sir TV. We did keep time, sir, hi our catches. 
8ne<^ up !* 

Mai. Sir Toby, I must he round with you. My 
lady bade me tell you, that thouch she harbours you 
as ner kinsman, stie's nothing ulied to your disor- 
ders. If you can separate yourself from your mis- 
demeanors, you are welcome to the house ; if not, 
an it would please you to take leave of her, she is 
very willing to bid you farewell. 

Sir To. FhreweUf dear hearty mnee I mmel neede be 

Mar, Nay, good Sir Toby. 

Clo. Hie ofee do fhmo hie daye are ahnott done, 

Mel. IsHevenso? 

Sir To. Bui I will never die, 

do. Sir Toby, there you lie. 

Mid. This is much credit to you. 

Sir 7\». ShaU I bid him go? [Singing, 

do. What an if wm do f 

Sir T\>. ShaU ibtd him go, and epare not ? 

do. O no, no, no, no. you dare not. 

Sir TV. Out o' time 1 sir, ye lie. — Art anv more 
than a steward 7 Dost thou think, because thou art 
there shall be no more cakes and ale 7 

wtnons, t 
Os. T< 

do. Yes, bv Saint Anne ; and ^nger shall be 
hot i'the moutn too. 

Sir To. TTiou'rt i'the ri|^t. — Go, sir, rub vour 
chain* with crums : — ^A stoop of wine, Maria f 

to this dirWon of souls wss intended. Sir Toby rather 
that the catch should be so harmonious that it 

would hale the soul out of a weaver thriee oooTf a rho. 
^omortsde way or expressing, that it would give this 
warm lover 01 song thrice more delight than It would 
give anocher man. 

1 TMs catch is to be found hi 'Psmmelia, Masicke's 
MiKeUanie, I6I0.' The words and music ars in the 
Yarkrum Bhakspeare. 

S This word generally signified a sharper. Sir To. 
by Is too drimk for preciskm, and uses It merely ss a 
term of reproach. 

t Name of an obscene old song. 

4 An imerjection of eoniempc equivalent to fiddle. 
Ikddle. possibly from the Laiin TitivUUtit$m. 

a Bur Toby, bi his cops. Is Aill of the framnents of 
cM ballads : such as, * There dwelt a man hi Babylon * 

Mai. Mistress Mary, if yoo prized my lady's (a 
vour at any thing more than oontempc, you would 
not give means for this uncivil rule;' she shall 
know of it. by this hand. [EsiU 

Mar, Gro shake your ears. 

Str And. 'Twere as good a deed as to drink 
when a man's a hungry,tochaUenfe him to the field ; 
and then to break ptromise with him, and make a 
fool of him. 

Sir TV. DoH knight; Fll write tlwe a challeuffe; 
or I'll deliver thy indignatioB to him by worn ol 

Mar. Sweet Sir Toby, be patient for to-night ; 
since the youth of the count's was to-da^r with my 
lady, she is much out (^ quiet. For monsieur Ma(- 
volio, let me alone with him : if I do not gull him 
into a nay-word,'® and make him a common recre- 
ation, do not think I have wit enough to lie strai^t 
in my bed : I know I can do it. 

Str To. Possess us,* ' possess ns 3 teU us some • 
thing of him. 

JUar, Marry, air, sometimes he is a kind of Pu- 

Sir And. O, if I thought that, Fd beat him like 
a do^. 

5ir To. What, for being a Puritan ? thy exqui- 
site reason, dear knight 7 

iStr .^Ind. I have no exqnisite reason ibr't, but I 
have reason good enough. 

Afar. The devil a Puritan that he is, or any thing 
constantly but a time pleaser ; an afiectioned'* ass, 
that cons state without book, and utters it by great 
swarths :** the best persuaded of himself, so cram- 
med, as he thinks, with excellencies, that it is his 
ground of iaith, that aU, that look on nim, love him ; 
and on that vice in him will my revenge find nota- 
ble cause to work. 

Sir To. What wilt thou do 7 

Jlfor. I will drop in his way some obscure epis- 
tles of love *f wherein, by the colour of his beard, the 
shape of his leg, the manner of his gait, the ex- 
pressure of his eye, forehead, and complexioii, he 
shall find himself m(»t feelingly personated : I can 
write very like my lady, your niece ; on a forgotten 
matter we can hardly make distinction of our Hands. 

Sir TV. Elxcellent ! I smell a derice. 

Sir And. I have't in my nose too. 

Sir To. He shall think, by the letters that tfiou 
wilt drop, that they come from my niece, and that 
she is in love with him. 

Mar. My purpose is, indeed, a horse of that colour. 

Sir Ana, And your horse now would make bin. 
an ass. 

Mar, Ass, I doubt not. 

Sir And, O, 'twill be admiraUe. 

3far. Sport royal, I warrant you : I know, my 
physic will work wim him. I will plant you two. 
and let the fool make a third, where he shall find 
the letter ; observe his construction of it. For this 
night, to bed; and dream on the event. Farewell. 


Sir To. Good oight, Penthesilea.** 

^tr And, Before me, she's a good wench. 

Sir To. She's a beacle, true bred, and one tha^ 
adores me ; What o' tnat 7 

* Three merry men are we,' kc. The latter was com- 
posed by W. Lawes, and may be found in Playford^s 
Musical Compaiik)n, 1073. 

6 Cobblertf or botehere. Dr. Johnson Interprets n 
tailoret but erroneously. 

7 An interjection of contempt, signifying, go hang 
jfoureetf, or go and be hanged. 

6 Stewards anciently wore a chain of silver or gold 
as 8 mark of superiority, as did otherprincipal servants. 
Wolsey*s chief cook is ueecribed by Cavendish as wear, 
ing * velvet or sattin with a chain of gold.* One of the 
methods used to clean gilt plate was rubbing it with 

9 Behavkiur, or conduct. Hence gamboki and fre 
licsome behaviour was called wue-rule, 

10 By- word. 11 Inform us. IS AiliKied. 
IS L e. by great pareels or heaps. Bwttrthe are the 

rows of grass left Iqr the scythe or tbs mower. 
14 Amaion. 


f * flb« Mvwtf Miifi «C k, mmmAot mm 

W^f MMfc M 1 ML ■• tm 


<te»<iy to fW eoit— t JMiji of the 

IW M biil«v«4/»lla«r 4<wt ibM liU tkw 
I^J9. ft pfm ft fMT eeko i« fW tMt 

Mf Ufc «rM% y oM f tbMfh thoa aft, tfaiM «j#' 
fMi fMA wm 9om» &vear Uwt it Iotms 
HiMh to MC, |!97> 

/AOk. What hind «r woma Vt7 

l^'^' Of jom romplaiiofu 

/AiA«. Wki ki not trorth tbM Umo. What yean, 

l^to, AlifHit jMir yoara, mj lord. 

/A<A#. T««o old, by heaven ; Let etill the wonan 
An eM«r llian hereelf | eo weara the to him, 
Hit awaya ahn hirnl in hnr liiMband*« heart. 
f*<>r, b«f)r, iMmnrer we do praiee ounelrea, 
Our fbrifiit* are more fiddy and unfirm, 
More loniinf. warering , eooner loat and worn,* 
Than women's are. 

Via* I Ihink it well, my lord. 

Ihtk*, Then let thy love be yotmner than thyself, 
Or iliy afliN!tirm cannot hold the bent: 
Vnt women are as roees ; whose fair (lower, 
Jlnttig oni^e displayM, doth Tall tiiat very hour. 

Vio, And so they are : alas, that they are so ; 
To din, fiven when they to perfection grow I 

Obu IlowyifaaaM 
tka tailor aake thy 
fcr thy mind Is a vet 

■mefc fwstancTBt I 

I TIiIn Minn of coninmiS yfnXmhXy nlffiiiflml, call me 
KfMiHi fir hnrw. KslmArr, in Ilsnry IV. Pan I, says, 
' Njili III my Urit. rail mn Korw,* It in of common oc- 
f iirrniire In oM plays, (^f was a common eontrartton 
of rurtail. Oiin nr (ha rsrrfers* horses In the first nart 
of llniiry IV. Is callnd (.'m*. *^ 

V Hrntllrtit rupruted tarois, alludliig 10 the rspsti* 
Ikms In Mtnifs. 

i I. (t. ui iho hftsrt. 

4 Ths wiirri/opoMr Is ambiguously nssd. In the pre- 
eettlng speerh It slfnlflml mmmIsimmcs. 

A I. a. fiiiiaumMl, worn nut. 

• I. s. rhMhi maltis, «m|)lnv«d hi makinf laee. This 
paMMs has sadly puaslfst ihA commsntacors { tbeir con. 
Jsfturss ars soms of thorn hUhly amuslnf. Johnson 

•■/■\ .'/!*• '■ l**"***!*" twen'. unrngmg^, Msy in 
mind,* NtiHivviia onre Ihoiiffht k meam unrnmrHedt 
then that M nilirht mean rkrrrJUl : and at kst concludes 
thai * lis pf^\m meaning canmit easily be polntsd oul* 
Wanoo maaikme, lahis ootaaan L»Aua^ of IfUton* 

bo eirery ihiai^ and thsir'inieBt emj wharaTar 
that's iLthat always aakaa n good voyaga oi a^ 
thine.— f^arewaO. [iEaifClawB. 

Alw. JUet aD the rest give place.. — 
[Eatmai Cuaio m»i 

Get thee to yon* same sovereign cruelty : 
Tell her, my love, more noble than the world. 
Prizes not ouanti^ of dirty lands ; 
The parts tnat f<Mtane hatn bestow'd upon her. 
Tell ber, I hold as giddilv as ibrtane ; 
But 'tis that miracle, aua (]ueen of gems. 
That nature pranks' ' her in, attracts mv aoid. 

Vio. But, if she cannot love vou, sir } 

Duke, I cannot be so answer^.' 

Vio. * Sooth, but yoQ 

Say. that some lady, as, perhaps, there is. 
Hath (or your love as great a pang of heart 
As you have for Olivia : you cannot love her ; 
Tou tell her so ; Must she not then be answer'd 7 

Jhdu. There is no woman's sides 
Can bide the beating of so strong a passion 
As love doth five my heart : no woman's heart 
So big, to hold so much ; they lack retention. 
Alas, their love may be call'd appetite, — 

that It was a common snrlbute of woman, coupled most- 
ly with/air, but he did not vemure upon an explanation 

7 SiUif tooth, or rather ee/y »ooth, is simple trmb. 

8 The old age is the ageopatty times of simpliciqr. 

9 It Is not clear whether a shroud of the stufT now cal- 
led crape, anciently called cyprtu, is here meant, or 
whether a coffin o(^cyprees wood was intended/The 
cypress was used for funeral purposes ; and the eplihec 
•iaiji is inconsistent with a tthite shroud. It is even pos- 
sible that branches of cypress only may be meant, we 
see the shroud vras steeA aii vtth yew, and cypre« 
may have been used in the same manner. In QuarkM*8 
Argalus aud Parthenla. a knight is huroduced, whose 

* horse was black as jet. 
His (Vunkure vras round about beset 
With branches slipi (torn the oad typreoo tree.'* 

10 The opal Is a gem which varies Its hues, as It Is 
viewed in dmlBreni lirhts. 

11 Thai WsM^ifwueh nature dtdfcs her In. 

ScBm V. 



No motion of the ti^er, Vat the palate,— 
That saffer surfeit, doyment, and revolt ; 
But mine is all as hungry as the sea, 
And can digest as much : make no compare 
Between that love a woman can bear me, 
And that I owe Olivia. 

Fto. Ay, but I know,— 

JXtke. What dost thou know 7 
Via. Too well what love women to men may owe : 
In fidUi, they are as true of heart as we. 
My &ther had a daughter lov'd a man. 
As it might be, perhaps, were I a woman, 
I should your Lo^hip. 
Duke, And what's her history? 

Fio. A blank, my lord : She never told her love. 
But let concealment, like a worm i'the bud,* 
Feed on her damask cheek : s^e pin*d in thought ; 
And, with a green and yellow melancholy. 
She sat like patience on a monument. 
Smiling at gne£* Was not thi»love, indeed 7 
We men may say more, swear more : but, indeed. 
Oar shows are mc^-e than will ; for still we prove 
Much in our vows, but little in our love. 
Duke, But died thy sister of her love, my boy 7 
Vio, I am all the daughters of my lather's house. 
And all die brothers too j — and yet I know not : — 
Sir, shall I to this lady 7 


To her in haste 

give her this jewel ; 

Av) that's the theme. 
' this jewel ; 
My love can give no place, bide no dfenay.' 


SCENE v.— Olivia's Oarden. Enter Sir Tobt 
Bblch, Sir AirDRSW Aoub-cbckk, and 

Sir To, Come thy ways, sicnior Fabian, 

JF\tb, Nay, 111 come ; if I lose a scruple of this 
sport, let me be boiled to death with melancholy. 

Sir To, Would'st thou not be glad to have the 
niggardly rascally aheep^biter come' by some notable 
shame 7 

JP\ab, I would exult, man ; you know, he brought 
me out of fiivour with my lady, about a bear-baitmg 

Sir TV. To anger him, we'll have the bear again ; 
and we will fool him black and blue :— Shall we 
not. Sir Andrew 7 

Shr And, An we do not, it is pity of our lives. 

Enter Maria. 

flir TV. Here comes the little villain :— How now, 
my nettle of India?* 

Mar, Get ye all three into the box-tree : Mai- 
▼olio's coming down this walk ; he has been yon- 

1 So in the fifth Sonnet of Shakspeare : — 

* Which like a canker in the fragrant rose 
Doth spot the beauty of thy budding name. * 

And in the Rape of Lucrece : — 

* Why should the toorm intrude the maiden bud."* 
Again in Richani II.— 

* But uow win canker sorrow eat my bud»i 
And chase the native beauty from my cheek.* 

2 So Middleton in The Witch, Act ir. 9c. 8 :— 
< She does not love me now. but painfully 
Uke one that^s forc'd to smile upon a grief.* 

The commentators have overlaid this exquisite passage 
with notes, and created difficulties where none existM. 
Mr. Boswell says, the meaning is obviously this >— 
* While she was smilihg at grief, or in her griei, her pla- 
cid resignation made her look like patience on a monu- 

9 DeniaL 

4 The first folio reads * mettle of India.* By the net> 
tie of India is meant a zoophite, called Urtica Marina, 
abounding in the Indian seas. * Qu<8 tacta totiue cor- 
porie pruritum qucTtdam excitat. unde nomen Urtica 
est eortita.*—Franiii HieL Jtntmal. 1065, p. 630. In 
Holland's translaiion of Pliny, Book ix. * As for those 
nettles, lie their qualities is to raise an itching smart* 
So, Green in his *Cardof Fsncie,* 'The flower of In- 
dia, pleasant to be seen, but whoso smeUeth to it feeleth 
neseot smart.* lie refers to it again in his Mamilia, 
1598. Maria has certainly excited a congenial sensa- 
tkm in Sir Toby. Mettle of India would signify my 
girl oj goid my preeunu girl 

der i*the sun, practising behaviour to his own shati* 
dow. tlus half hour : observe him. for the love of 
mockery ^ fori know, this letter will make a contem- 

E* ' re idiot of him. Close, in the name of jesting! 
men hide them»doei.\ Lie thou there : [lArows 
a letter] for here comes the trout tnat must 
be caught with tickling. [E»t Maria. 

Enter Maltolio. 

MaL l^but fortune ; all is fortune. Maria once 
told me, she did affect me : and I have heard her- 
self come thus near, that, should she fancy,* it 
should be one of my comf^exion. Besides, die 
uses me with a more exalted respect, than any one 
else that follows her. What shoukl I think on't ? 

Sir To, Here's an overweening rogue ! 

jFV6. O, peace! Contemplation makes a rare 
turkey-cock of him ; how he jets* under lus ad- 
vanced plumes ! 

Sir And. 'Slight I could so beat the rogue :— 

Sir To, Peace, I say. 

MaL To be count MalvoUo ;~~ 

Sir To. Ah^ rogue ! 

Sir And. Pistol him, pistol him. 

Sir To. Peace, peace ! 

MaL There is example for't • the lady of the 
Strachy^ married the yeoman of Uie wardrobe. 

Sir And. Fie on him, Jexebel ! 

Fob. O, peace ! now he's deeply in ; look how 
imagination blows' him. 

Mai. Having been three months married to her, 
sitting in my state,*— 

Sir TV. O, for a stone bow, to hit him in the eye ! 

Mai. Calling my officers about me, in my branch 
ed velvet £own ^ navin^ come bfnai a day bed«** 
where I left Olivia sleeping. 

Sir To. Fire a^d brimstone ! 

JV6. O, peace, peace! 

Mai. And then to have the humour of state : and 
after a demure travel of regard, — telling thMn I 
know my place, as I would mey should do theirs 
— to ask for my kinsman Toby : 

Sir TV. Bolts and shackles ! 

Eab. O, peace, peace, peace ! now, now. 

Mai. Seven of my people, with an obedient start, 
make out for him : I frown the while ; and, per- 
chance, wind up my watch, or play with my some 
rich jewel. Toby approaches ; court'aies* * mere to 

Sir To. Shall this feUow Uve 7 

jFb6. Though our silence be drawn firom us with 
carsJ* yet peace. 

Mai. 1 extend my hand to him thus, quenching 
my familiar smile with an austere regard of con- 
trol :»» 

6 Love. 

6 To iet was to etrut. * To jette lordly through the 
streets that men may see them.* Tneedere magnifice 
per ora hominum.* Baret. So, in Bussy D'Amtois :— 

* To jfel in other's plumes so haughtily.* 

7 Mr. R. P. Knight conjectures that this is a corrup- 
tion of Stratici. a title anciently given to the Governors 
of Messina, and Illyria is not far from Messina. If so it 
will mean the Ocvemor^e lady. The word Straehy is 
printed with a capital and in Italics in the first folio. 

8 Puffs him up. 

9 State chair. 

10 Couch. 

11 It ia probable that this word was used to express 
acts of civility and reverence, by either men or women 

13 Thus in the Two Oentlemen of Verona, the clown 
says :— *' who that is, a team ofhortet shall not pluck 
from me. *' 

13 It may be worthy of remark, that the leading ideas 
of Malvolio, in his humour of etate^ bear a strong re- 
semblance to those of Alnaschar in 'The Arabian 
Nights.* Some of the expressions too are very similar. 
Many Arabian fictions hsil round their wsy into obscure 
Latin and French books, and from thence into English 
ones, long before any version of ' The Arabian Nights* 
had appeared. In ' The Dialogues of Creatures Moral 
ized,* bl. I. printed early in the sixteenth century, a 
story similar to that of Alnaschar Is related. See Dial, 
c. p. 132, reprint of 1816 




rou a hiom o* 

Act n. 


«^ rv tvn, ,C4M 

t'** N««. ;>«ur»c«'. Of w« brvak tho sinewB of 
Va K«f*.w«. |rk« mMAr nr frv«fiirr qf your dmc 

Xk- .l«i. TiMt** ■N^ I W«rT«Bt TOO. 

.W*. ii^Str Am4nw: 

S^' .Im. I Ijm^, Vkw I ; fcr mmiij do call me 

.V<M. What eaipk>m<« have we here 7 

[7\iJb'fi^ yj* Ae Utter, 
Fi^. N(iw w ihe woodcork near the tin. 
A'l*- TV. O, poacv! and the spirit of humours in- 
Cimaio rratlmj^ aUHid to him 7 
Afdi. Hv mT life, this is my lady's hand : these 

b«» hrr vrrV C*s *»" ^*^ ■"** ***'' ^' » "^ *^"" 
makrs she her great i**s. It is, in contempt of 

qucxlion, her hand. ___ 

Sir Ami, Her Ca, her CTs, and her T»i: Why 

JlfoL [rradf] TV the uiJmmm Moverf, rta, and 
m^frtodwiMkta: her wy phrases !— By your leave, 
wai.— Soft ! and the inpreasnre her Lucrcce, with 
which she wet to leal: 'tis my lady: To whom 
should this be 7 , „ 

/U. This wins him, hrer and alL 

Mai. irtadi] Jwe hnrntm, lUme: 

^Va mtm mutt kiwh). 
Nit mm mmit fcmmr,— What fi>IIi)ws7 tho numbers 
altensl!— AVii*«i wirt* *»»«•:— If thia should be 

thee. M»^^>:^* ? ^ . v uii 

Ar IV Mairr, Kanft thee, brock !» 
Mid. I mt^' ^vmrnand^ tfhere I adore : 

nift nlrmM^ M» * tMirrct knife, 
IIV* WiwTrt* tt^^ w.V heart dnth gart; 

M. o. \. I. .*.'»* «»^ »»»y 'i^'- 

fV*" ^ tV««iuiN riiMic ! 
,«r 7V Kt*"^le«i woiirh, say I. 
Mm M. O. ^. I. •'••'* wiiy wy h/e.— Nay, but 
^^-M. V. iwi' •vss Wl mn "er, — let mo sec. 

fiwkk W ^ At * itivh *4' |Hii«in has shn drov^H him ! 
>\ \ \: \ »»,i w nh %» hat « uiK ilie stannyel* checks 

%»!• ^ «•« .^MMM.Knl irArrr / of/orr. Why. she 
.«» ..H.^-i-Ni wo. I ■••rvo hfr.Khe is my lady. 
*^.. -V* t ^«uU'iii to any formal capacity.' 
»'»,,. , ... ,iA.«»wi»««i» in thisi; — And the end. — 
»%n., .».N... \%i nJjUmlH^linil jMwition portend? if 
; »,..». -.»w •'^*» »*«»»'iiili|o m»mvthing in me,^ 

V '^. sN V ' m«k«* up that :-— he is now at a 

».«.'*«•:■ «>i « iiiMm*t, for all this, though 

ii •• 

S^ ^. 

.If, — why, that begins my 

«» « 

\ ' » 

1 1 III) i.k'i 


«iiii'm|4. So in the Merry 

.. ,, r, ,' lo . • Thin atlf-conceitt'd 

.. N »«« k , M hich inhabits old build- 
I . .-. *.%\n l.iiihnm in hiH Booknf 
.,i« ^ itHikH, piofl, (ir (Kher birds 
'i .»• \, *\w liirMakcih her natural 

t \ .« * 11.-4, or whose capacity is 

.1 t . i*K> iiAnie ofa hound. &>«>• 
'. ., » I. III! of Hbuso: a Sowtcr 
I . •u4<i Sulor. 

. . t I i^'i •.•ii)«> tline of wearing 

t I ., \\ >>)iiukl Im remember- 

..«v ,^,«v4« %i\4n below the knee 

Fob. Did not I say, he would work it out? tb* 
cur is excellent at faults. 

JtfftJ. 3/, But then there is no conaonancy ia th* 
seouvl; that suffers under probation: ^ abuuld 
follow, but O does. 

Fab. And O shall end, I hope. 

Sir To. Ay, or I'll cudgel mm, and make hia 
cry, O. 

Mai. And then / comes behind. 

Fab. Ay, an you had any eye behind too, too 
might see more detraction at your heels, tnaa ur* 
tunes before vou. 

Mai. M, i)f Af //—This Mmulatioo ia not aa 
the former : — and yet, to crush this a little, it wooM 
bow to mo, fur every one of these letters are in my 
name. Soft ; here follows prose. — ^iJlas fall isJa 
thy hand, rnwve. In my Mian I am abwe thee ; btti 
be not afraid o/greatnesM : Some are bom great, ssaic 
achirvt gretUne**, antl eome have greatneu tknuA u/^ 
on them. Thy fatea open thetr hande ; let thy blood 
and fpirit embrace them. And, to inwre thytel/ ta 
what thou art like to be, cast thu huvMe dough,* amd 
appear frceh. Be oppoeit^ with a hneman, eurty wtlJk 
Mcrvanta : let thy tongue tang arguments 4tfatate; fmt 
thy ae{f into the trick of singularity : She thus adntes 
thee, that *igh$ for thee. Remember who rommtmdtd 
thy yellow atockinga ; and wiahed to see thee ever rmss 
gartered:^ I aoy, remember. Go to; thou art madr, 
if thou dcaircat to be ao; \fnot, Utmeaee thee a atew 
ard atill, the ftUow of aervants^ and not worthy to touek 
fortune*a Jingera. Farewell. She that wmdd alter 
aervieea with thee, — The fortunate-^unhappy. 
Day-light and champian' discovers not more : thi* 
is open. I will be proud, I will read politic authors, 
I will baffle Sir Toby, I will wash off" gross acquain- 
tance, I will bo poin't-de-vicoy* the very man. I do 
not now fool myself^ to let imagination jade me ; 
for every reason excites to this, that my lady loves 
me. Sne did commend my yellow stockings of late, 
she did praise my log being cross-gartered ; and in 
this she manifests herself to my love, and, with a 
kind of injunction, drives me to these habits of her 
liking. I thank my stars, I am happy. I will be 
strange, stout^ in yellow stockings, and cross-gar- 
tered, even with the swiftnoi«B of putting on. Jove, 
and my stars be praised .'—Hero is yet a postscript. 
Tfum ranat not chooae but knnw who I am. If thou 
entertained my lave, let it appear in thy amiling ; thy 
amilea become thee weU : thcrffore in my presence UUl 
smile, dear my stirct, I pr*ythce. Jove, I thank thee. 
— I will smile ; I will do every thing that thou wilt 
have me. [Erit, 

Fah. I will not give my pan of this sport for a 
pension of thousands to bo paid from the Sophy.*" 

Sir To. I could marry thi» wench for this device. 

Sir And. So could 1 too. 

Sir To. And ask no other dowry with her, but 
such another jest. 

Enter Maeia. 

Sir And. Nor I neither. 
Fab. Here comes my noble gull-catcher. 
Sir To. Wilt thou set thy foot o* my neck 7 
Sir And. Or o' mine either ? 
Sir To. Shall i play my freedom at tray-trip,'* 
and become thy Inmd-slave ? 
Sir Ami. rniith, or I either. 

were ihon iu iiim?. Ulivin's di'ici»ta(ion of ihfHO fashions 
pniliably arose from thinking thtm coxcumicaL 

8 Open country. 

9 I. e. rruclly the snmo in every particular. The 
etyniolocy of this phraM> iit very unccnnin. The nionl 
probable yeomH tho French a point di-rise. * .<f poittct^* 
Bays Nicot, • advcrlie. Cert on c>rilrc el estai dou et 
convenable.' We have also point blank, for jirecl 
from the Fame source. 

10 Alludin:? to Sir Robert Shirley, who was jiirt re- 
turned in the clinractirr cf amlmwador from the Sophy. 
He l¥)aKted of the great rewards ho had received, and 
livml in London with tho utmort pplendour. 

11 An oid came plaved with dice or tables. Thus la 
Machiavel's Dog. 8tg. B. 4to. 1617. 

* But leaving cards, let*s go to cice awhile. 

To passage trtitrippe, hazard, or mumch&oce ' 

Scsni I. 



Sir Th. Whjr, thoo haat putkiin insodi a droam, 
that, when the inuife ofk leaws faun, he must run 

Afar. Ninr^ but taj true ; does it work upon Urn? 

Sir To. Like aqtiaHrite with a midwiie. 

Jfor. If yon will then tee the fruits of the sport. 
mark his first approach before my lady : he will 
cane to her in veUow stockings, and 'tis a colour 
he abhors : ana rrnes gsrtered, a fiushion she de- 
tests ; and tie will smile upon her, which will now 
bn so unsuitable to her disposition, being addicted 
to a melancholy as she is, that it cannot but turn 
faiM into a nmable contempt : if you wiH see it, 
follow me. 

4Kir 7b. To the sates of Tartar, thou most e>> 
orient desil of wit I 

jSir AjteL PU make one too. [£leaml. 

ACT ni. 

SCENE L Oliiria's Qarden, EnUr Viola, and 
Clown mA a ial^. 

Vio. Sare thee, friend, and thy music: Dost 
thou live by thy tabor?' 

Ch. No, sir, I live by the church. 

Fto. Art thou a churchman 7 

Clo. No such matter, sir ; I do five by the church : 
fbr I do live at my house, and my house doth stand 
by the church. 

Fio. 80 thou may'st say, the king lies by a bee- 
gar, U* a beggar dwell near him : or, the churui 
stands by thy tabor, if thy taber stand by the church. 

Gb. You have said, sir. — ^To see this age ! — ^A 
sentence is but a cheveril* glove to a goMl wit : 
How quickly the wrong side may be turned out ward I 

Vio. Nay, that's certain ; they, that dally nicely 
with words, may auickly make them wanton. 

CUk I would, tnerefore, my sister had had no 
name, sir. 

Vio. Why, man ? 

do. Why, sir, her name^s a word ; and to dally 
with that word, might make my sister wanton : But, 
indeed, words are very rascals, since bonds dis- 
graced them. 

Fto. Thy reason, man ? 

Cla. Troth, sir, I can yield you none without 
words ; and words are grown so fidse, I am loath 
to g^ve reason with them. 

Vio. I warrant, thou art a merry fellow, and 
carust jfbr nothing. 

Cb. Not so, nr, I do care fbr something : but in 
my conscience, sir, I do not care fbr you : if that 
be to care fbr nothing, sir, I would it would make 
you invisible. 

Vio. Art not thou the lady divhi's fool ? 

do. No. indeed, sir; the lady Olivia has no foU 
\j : she will keep no fool, sir, tul she be married ; 

Clo. Foolery, sir, does walk about the orb, like 
the sun ; it shmes every where. I would be sorry, 
sir, but the fool should be as oft with your master, 
as with my mistress : I think I saw your wisdom 

Via. Nay, an thou pass upon me. 111 no more 
with thee. Hold, there's expenses for thee. 

1 Tarleton, In a prim before hia Jests, 4to. 1611, is 
represented with a Tabor. Bitt the instrument is found 
in the hands of fools, long beAire the time of Shakspeare. 

3 Kid. Ray has a nroverb < He hath a conscience like 
a eheverePt sicin.* See note on K. Henry VUI. Act il. 
8c. 4. 

S See the play of TYotht* and Cresaida. 

4 In Henryson*s Testament o(^ Creseeid she Is thus 
spoken of: — 

* great penurye 

Thou Shalt suffer, and as a beggar dye.* 

And again, 

< Then shak go bsggfng fitim hous to hous, 
Wkh cuppe and clappsr like a lasarpw*.* 

Clo. Now Jove, in his next commodity of hair, 
send thee a beard ! 

Vio. By my troth, I'll tell thee ; I am almost 
sick for one ; thouch I would not have it grow en 
my chin. Is thy laay within 7 

Clo. Would not a pair of these have bred, sir 7 

Vio. Tes, being kept together, and put to use. 

Clo. I would play lord Pandarus' of Phrygia, 
sir, to bring a Cressida to this Troilus. 

Vio. I understand you, sir; 'tis well begg'd* 

Clo, The matter, 1 hope, is not ^at, sir, beff> 

{;ing but a beggar ; Cressida was a beggar.* My 
ady is within, sir. I will construe to them whenc« 
you come ; who you are^ and what you would, are 
out of my welkin ; I might say, element ; but the 
word is over^wom. [£mL 

Vxo, This fellow's wise enough to play the fool ; 
And, to do that well, craves a kind of wit : 
He must observe their ukkmI on whom he Jests, 
The ouality of perscms. and the time ; 
And, like the haggard,* check at every feather 
That comes before his eye. This b a practice^ 
As fiill of labour as a wise man's art : 
For folly, that he wisely shows, is fit ; 
But wise men, foUy-fidfen, quite taint their wit 

JEJnter Sia Toby Belch and Sim Akdubw 


Sir To. Save you, gentleman. 

Vio. And you, sir. 

Sir And. jDieu voum garde, monmeur^ 

Vio. Et txms auui; votre oerwUur, 

Sir And, I hope, sir, you are ; and I am youri. 

Sir To. Will you encounter the house 7 my 
niece is desirous you should enter, if your trade be 
to her. 

Vio, I am bound to your mlMe, sir : I mean, the 
is the list* <^ my voyage. 

Sir To. Taste* your legs, sir, put them to molioii. 

Vio, My legs do better luiderstand me, sir, than 
I understand what yon mean by bidding me taste 
my legs. 

Sir To. I mean, to go, sir, to enter. 

Vio. I will answer you with gait and eatraaee : 
But we are prevented.* 

Enter Olitxa and Makia. 

Most excellent accomplished lady, the heayein 
rain odours on you ! 

Sir And, That youth's a rare cotntier ! Ham 
odoura! well. 

Fto. My matter hath no voice, lady, b«t to your 
own most pregnant* and vouchsafed ear. 

Sir Ana, Odourtf pregnanif and vouehmtftd:'^ 
ni set 'em all three ready. 

OU. Let the garden door be shut, and leave me 
to my hearing. 

[Eseunt Sir Toby, Sib Abdbxw, and Mabia. 
Give me vour hand, sir. 

Vio. My duty, madam, and most humble servioe* 

(HL What is your name ? 

Vio, Cesario is your servant's name, (air prin* 

OU. My servant, sir ! 'Twas never merry world, 
Since lowly feigning was call'd compliment ; 
Tou are a servant to the count Orsino, youth. 

Vio. And he is yours, and his must needs be yours ; 
Tour servant's servant is your servant, madam. 

Oti. For him, I think not on him : for bis thoughts, 
'Would they were blanks, rather than fiUM with me ! 

Vio. Maaam, I come to whet your gentle thoughts 
On his behalf: — 

OU. O, by your leave, I pray you ; 

I bade you never speak again of him : 
But, would you undertake another suit, 

5 A toild funtkf otf hawk not well trained. 

6 Bound, limiL 

7 In the Frogs of Aristophanes a similar expression 
occurs, V. 46d. 

8 L e. our purpose is anticipated. So in the 119th 
Pnlm, * Mine eyes prevent ths night-watches.* 

9 L e. readjf^ apprekesMive i voucheajed, for vouch 


TtnurSB. SIGHT; OB, WBtf TOV W1E£^: 

I had imiber hear you lo Mlieit that, 
Than nuMc finiMii U16 apheras. 

Pia. Dear ladr, 

OK. CKve me leave, "beseech you : I did send. 
After the last endiantmeiit you <ud here,' 
A rint in chase of yon ; so did I abuse 
MysMQ my servant, and, I fear me, you : 
Under your hard construction must I sit. 
To force that on yon, in a shameful cunninir, 
Which you knew none of yours : What n^jj;^ you 

Have you not set mine honour at the stake. 
And baited it with all the unmuzzled thou|pits 
That tyrannous heart can think 7 To one of your 

Enough is shown; a cjrprus.' not a bosom. 
Hides my heart : 80 let me near you speak. 

Vio. I |nty you. 

OK. Tliat's a degree to love. 

Fio. No, not a uprise ;^ for 'tis a vulgar* proof^ 
That very oft we ptty enemies. 

OK. Why, then, methinks, 'tis time to smile again ; 

world, how apt the poor are to be proud ! 
If one snould be a prey, how much the better 
To fldl before the hon, than the wolf 7 

The dock upbraids me with the waste of time- 
Be not afraid, good youth, I will not have you : 
And yet, when wit and youth is come to harreit, 
Tour wife is like to reap a proper man : 
There lies your way, due west. 

Fio. Then wMtward-hoe : 

Chnace and good disposition 'tend vour ladvship ! 
Tou'U nothing, madam, to my lord by me / 

OIL Stay: 

1 pi^ythee, tell me, what thou think'st of me. 

Fto. That you do think, vou are not what you are. 

Ofi. If I thmk so, I think the same of you. 

Via, Then tfiink you right ; I am not what I am. 

OK. I would you were as I would have you be I 

Fio. Wouki It be better, madam, than I am, 
I wish it mi^t ; for now I am your fool. 

Oli. O, what a deal <^ scorn looks beautiful 
In the contempt and anger of his lipl 
A munTrous guilt shows not itself more soon 
Than love that would seem hid : love's night is noon. 
Cesario. by the roses of the spring, 
Bv maiahood, honour, truth, and ovory^ thing, 
I love thee so, that, maugre* all thy pride. 
Nor wit, nor reason, can my passion hide. 
Do not extort thy reasons from this clause, 
For, that I woo, thou therefore hast no cause : 
But, rather, reason thus with reason fetter : * 
Love sought is good, but given unsought, is better. 

Fib. By innocence I swear, and by my youth, 
I have one heart, one bosom, and one truth, 
And that no woman has ; nor never none 
Shall mistress be of it^ save I alone. 
And so adieu, good madam ; never more 
Will I my master's tears to you deplore. 

Oti. Yet come again : for thou, perhaps, mays't 
That heart, which now abhors, to like his love. 


SCENE II. A Room in Olivia's House. Enter 
Sir Tobt Belch, Sir Andrew Aooe-cheek, 
and Fabian. 

Sir And. No, faith, I'll not stay a jot longer. 
Sir To. Thy reason, dear venom, give thy reason. 
Fab. Tou must needs yield your reason. Sir An- 

Sir And. Marry, I saw your niece do more fa- 

1 i. e. afier the enchantmeui your presence worked 
in mv affections. 
3 fteady spprehensfon. 

3 i. e. a thill veil of crape or eyprun. 

4 Step. 6 Common. 
<J In spiff of: from the French malgrf. 

7 The Browniaut were »m» called from Mr. Robert 
Browne, a noted separaiist, in Queeu Elizal)cth*s reign. 
They seem lo have been the constant objects of poptOar 


stowed upon ma : I anwH rHw onkaidL 

Sir Tit. Dki8hesMtlHatbai^|Hl0,QUboyllil 
me that. 

Sir And. Aa plain n I see ywi nofw. 

Fab. This was a grant u|iiaMBt of loro m ht 
toward you. 

StrJnd. 'SQghtl wiH yon mnh« as aw ^nit 

Fab. IwillprovaitlegiliiMtai,8ir,iipomttMMii 
of iudgment aiid reasoo. 

SirTa. And they hftva been graad Jib]HM% 
since before Noah waa a sailor* 

stone in your liver : You shouU then haw 

her; ana with some excellent jeata, fr»4 

the mint, you should have banged the yondi into 
dumbness. This was looked (or at your nand, uA 
this was baulked : the double gilt of thia oppoit^ 
nity you let time waah off, and you are now aailad 
into the north of my lady's opinioii ; whera yoa *" 
hang like an icicle on a Dntchmaa'a bmr^ m 
you do redeem it by aome laudable *»**— r*^ 
<^ valour, or policy. 

Sir And. And\ be any way, itlnast bo whhva* 
lour ; for policy I hate : 1 had as liaf bo a Bioiia- 
ist* aa a politician. 

fiTir 7b. Why then, boiU me thr fortniMo iipOB Ihi 
basis of valour. Chulen^ me tne count'a yoolh la 
fij^t with him ; hurt him m eleven plaeeo r avf ■beo 
shall take note of it: and aaaore tbyaoU^ ttiere ia m 
love-broker in the world can more provail m wuafu 
commendation with woman, than report of valoar. 

Fab. There is no way but thia, Sv Aadraw. 

Sir And, Will either of you bear momebaUeafr 
to him? 

Sir T\>, QOf write it in a martial hand ; be eam^ 
and brief; it is no matter how witty, ao ft ha ala> 
(|uent, and full of invention : taimt him with Iha 
licence of ink : if thou ihou^tfi him aoiiio thrieau it 
ahall not be amiss : and as many liea aa will lio btly 
sheet of paper^tnough the aheet were big awMlia 
forthebedofWarei<^in En^and, sot *om down; 

So, about it. Let there be gdl enou^ in thy ink; 
louf^ thou write with a goose-pen, no matter: 
About it. 

Sir And. Where shall I find you ? 

Sir To. We'll caU thee at the aiUeuh :>> Go. 

[Emit Sir Avnmcw. 

Fab, This is a dear monakin to you. Sir Toby. 

Sir To. 1 have been dear to him, laa ; aome twc 
thousand strong, or so. 

Fab. We shall have a rare letter from lum : bat 
you'll not deliver it. 

Sir To. Never trust me then ! and by all means 
stir on the youth to an answer. I think, oxen and 
wainropes*^ cannot hale them together. For An- 
drew, if ho were opened, and you nnd so much blood 
in his liver as will clog the foot of a flea, Fll eat the 
rest of the anatomy. 

Fab, And his opposite,*' the youth, beara in 
visage no great presage of cruelty. 

Enter Mabia. 

^tr To, Look, where the youngest wren of nine' ^ 

Mar, If you desire the spleen, and will lanj^ 

8 * Be curat and brief.* Curat is eroaa.froteard^ pe- 
tulant. '■' ^^ 

9 Shakspcarc is thought to have had Lord Coke In his 
mind, whose virulent abuso of Sir Waller Raleigh on 
his trial was conveyed in a series of thou-a. His resent, 
ment against the flagrant conduct of the anoniey geneial 
on thw occasion wafl probably heightened by the cou- 
temptuou3 manner in which he spoke of players in his 
cbarfc ai Norwich, and the severity he was always 
willing to exert against them. 

10 This curious piece of furniture was a few yean 
since ciill in biding at one of the inns in tl at town ll 
wad reiwrted 10 be twelve feet square, ard capable oi 
holding twenty-four peivons. 

11 Chamber. 13 Wagon ropes. 13 i. e. advenarr 
14 The wxen generally lays nine or Ian egga, and IM 




yoursehrei mlo stitdiM fiiUow ma : yon' gull Mal- 
Tolio 18 turned hwiithePi a very renegndo ; for there 
IS no ChristuLn, that meuM to bo enved by beliemg 
ri^tly, can ever believe such impoesible paaiagee 
01 jprounesa. He's in yellow stoclungi. 

Sir TV And croea-gartered ? 
> JUor. Moat TiUanouslr : like a pedant that keepe 
a school i'the church.^ aave dogged him. like hie 
murderer : He doM obejr ererTiNMnt of me letter 
that I dropped to betray him. He does mile his 
&ce into more lineiL than are in the new map, with 
the augmentation ofthe Indies : * you have not seen 
such a thing as 'tis ; I can harder forbear hurling 
things at him. I know, mv lady will strike him; n 
dwdojhe'U smile, and taie't wr a great favour. 

Sir To. Come, bring us, bring us where he is. 

Bcmn UL A Sinet. JSnltr Avroirao md 


8eb. I wodd not, by my will, have troubled you ; 
But. since you make your pleasure of your pams, 
I will no further chide you. 

jbiL I could not stay behind you ; my desire, 
More sharp than filed steel, did spur me forth ; 
And not ail love to see you (though so much 
As might have drawn one to a longer Toyage), 
But jealousy what might befidi vour travel. 
Being dulless in these parts : whioh, to a stranger, 
Ungmded and unfiiended, often prove 
Rough and nnhospitabb : My willing lovei 
The rather by these argumeola of (ear, 
Set forth in your pursuit. 

8 A, My kind Antonio^ 

I can no other answer make, but, thanks. 
And thanks, and ever thanks: Often good turns 
Are shuffled off with such uncurrent pay : 
But, were mv worth,' as is my conscience, finn. 
Ton should find better dealing. What's to do 7 
Shall wejgo see the reliques of this town 7 

jImL To-morrow, sir; best, first, go see your 

<8Ie6w I am not weary, and 'tis leng to night; 
Inray vou, let us satiiqr our eyes 
With tne memorials, and the things of fame. 
That do renown this city. 

AjiL 'Would you'd pardon me ; 

I do not without danger walk these streets : 
Onoe, in a sea-fight, 'gainst the Count his galleys, 
I did some service ; of such note, indeed, 
TTiat. were I ta'en here, it would scarce be answer'd. 

Am. BeUkOj^ou slew great number of his pe<^e. 

Ami, The offence b not of such a blood V nature; 
ADmt the Quality of the time, and quarrel, 
M^^ well nave given us bloody argument. 
It might have since been answer'd m repaying 
What we took from them : which, for traffic's sake. 
Most of our city did : only myself stood out : 
Fbr ttdiich, if I oe lapsed* in this place, 
I riiall pay dear. 

8dK Do not then walk too open. 

jLd. It doth not fit me. Hold, sir, here's my 
In the south suburbs, at the Elephant, 
Is best to lodge ; I will bespeak our diet, 
Whiles you Mguile the time, and feed your know* 

With viewing of the town ; there shall you have me. 

SMf, Why I your purse 7 

AmL Hapl^, your eye shall light upon some ioj 
Tou have desire to purchase ; ud your store, 
I tlunk, is not for i(fle maricets, sir. 

S«b, m be your purse-bearer, and leave you for 

last hatched birds are uroally the smallest of the brood. 
The boy who played Maria's part was probably of dl> 
mfaintive sise. 

1 Alluding to a Map engraved for the English trans- 
latkio of Linachoten*8 Voyage, published in 1906. This 
map is mukilineal in the extreme, and is the first in 
wmch the Eattem Ittandt are included. 

S Wealth, or fbnune. 


AnL To the Elephant.— 

Selh I do remember. 


SCENE IV. Olivia's Oardoi. Enter Outia 
and MiniA. 

OIL I have sent after him : He says hell come : 
How shall I feast him 7 what bestow on him 7 
For youth is bou^ more oft, than begg'd, or bor- 

I speak too loud.— 

Wnere is MalvQlio7— he is sad, and civil,* 
And smts well for a servant with my fortunes ;— 
Where is Malvolio 7 

Mar, He's ooming, madam ; but in very strange 
manner. He b sure nossessed, madam. 

OH* Why, what's tne matter 7 does he rave 7 

Mar, NO| madam, he does nothing but smile . 
your ladyship were best to have some guard about 

Ku, if he come ; for, sure, the man is tainted in 
I wits. 

OU, Go call him hither.— Fm as mad as he, 
If sad and meny madness equal be.— 

£ntir filALvox40. 

How now, Malvolio ! 

Mmr, Sweet lady, ho, ho. TSwtihtJimiatticalbf, 

OH. SmU'stthou? 
1 sent for thee iroon a sad* occasion. 

MaL Sad, lady 7 I could be sad : This does make 
some obstruction in the blood, this cross-ffartering : 
But what of that, if it please the eye of one, it is 
with me as the very true sonnet is : Please one, and 

OH. Why, how doet thou, man 7 what is the 
matter with thee 7 

Mai, Not Mack m my mind, thou^ yellow in 
my legs : It did come to his hands, and commands 
shall be executed. I think, we do know the sweet 
Roman hand. 

OU, Wilt thou go to bed, Malvolio 7 

MaL To bed 7 ay, sweet-heart ; and Fll oome 
to thee. 

OIL God comfort thee ! Why dost thou smile so, 
and kiss thy hand so oft 7 

Mar. How do you, Malvolio 7 

MaL At your request 7 Yes ; Nightingales an- 
swer daws. 

Mar, Why anpear you with this ridiculous bold- 
ness befinre my lady 7 

Md. Be nti qfndd tf gnainem :— 'Twas well 

OU, What meanest thou by that, Malvolio? 

MaL Some are bom grtati— 

OU. Ha 7 

MaL Some Qnkkoe grefdnue^'^^ 

OH. What say'st thou 7 

McL And tome have greatneee thruat upem them. 

CHL HeavMi restore thee ! 

MaL Rememberf who commended Ihy ydhw etoek" 

OU. Thy yellow stockings? 

MaL Akawiehed to see Oue eroet-gartered. 

OH. Cross-gartered? 

Mid. Goto: thou art mode, if thou deeireet to be 

OH. Am I made? 

MaL If not. let meeee thee a eervant eUlL 
OU, Why, tnis is very midsummer madness.* 

Enter Servant. 

Ser, Madam, the young gentleman of the count 
Orsino's is returned ; I could hardly entreat him 
back : he attends jrour ladjrship's pleasure. 

a Lapeed, for lapnng or tranegreeeing. See note on 
Hamlei, Act ill. 8c 4. 

4 * he is ead and civil.'* That is eerioue and 

frave, or eotemn. Thus in Romeo and Juliet : — 

* Come, «ri7 night. 

Thou sober •suited matron, all in black.* 

5 Grave. 

6 * >Tis midsummer moon with you* was a |»overblal 
phrase sifnifying you are mad. It was an ai>.:ient opi 

I nkm that not weather aflected the brain. 



OK. m come to him. [EsitSntuA.] Good 
Marift, let this feUow be looked to. Where's my 
oounnTolw? Let some of my people have a spe- 
cial care or Um; I would pot have him miscany 
for the half of my dowry. 

[Eieunt Olxtia and BCaua. 
• JiiaL Oh, hoi do you come near me now? no 
worse man than Sir Toby to lode tome 7 This con- 
curs directW with the letter : she sends him on pur- 
pOMy that I may i^ear stubborn to him ; for she 
incites me to that m the letter. ' Gsst th^ htmbU 
tiemghj sajrs she ; be oppomU tn'.'A a Jimmum, narly 
wUk senwRtf, — Id ihf tonne tang with argummia 
<^ ataUf'-ftiU ikuaeljmtothe trick of mngvlariiy ; — 
and, consequently, sets down the manner how ; as, 
a sad face, a reverend carriage, a slow toncue, in 
the halnt of some sir of note, and so forth. I have 
limed her:* but it is Jove's doing, and Jove make 
me thankful ! And. wh«i she went away now, Let 
tHiefeUew he looheito: Fellow !* not Malvdio, nor 
after my degree, but fellow. Why every thing ad- 
heres together ; that no dram of a scnipfe, no scru- 
ple of a scruple, no obstacle, no increoulous or un- 
' sale circumstaace,—- What can be said 7 Nothing 
that can be, can come between me and the fiill pros- 
pect of my hopes. Well, Jove, not I, is the doer 
of this, and he is to be thanked. 

Rs-cNler BCaria, wiA Sir Tobt Belch and 

Fabiait. . 

Sir 7V. Which way is he, in the name of sanc- 
tity 7 If all the devils m hell be drawn in little, and 
Leflon himself ptossessed him, yet Pll speak to him. 
_ Fhhm Here he is, here he is : — ^How is't with you, 
sir 7 how is't with you, man 7 

MeL Go<ofr: I discard you; let me enjoy my 
private; go«f!l 

Mar, Lo, how hollow the fiend speaks within 
hinft did not I tell you 7 — Sir Toby, my lady prajrs 
you to have a care of him. 

MeL Ah,haJ does she so7 

Sir TV. Go to. go to ; peace, peace, we must 
deal gently with nim : let me alone. How do you, 
Maholio 7 how is't with you 7 What man ! defy the 
devil ; consider, he's an enemy to mankind. 

MiL Do you know what you say 7 

Jlar. La you, an you speak ill of the devil, how 
lie takes it at heart ! Pray God, he be not bewitched ! 

/Vfr. Carry his water to the wise woman. 

JMor. Marry, and it shall be done to-morrow 
morning, if I hve. My lady would not lose him for 
more than Pll say. 

Mei, How now, mistress 7 

Mar. O lord ! 

Sv To. Pr'ythee, hold thy peace ; this is not the 
way : Do you not see, you move him ; let me done 
with him. 

/V6. No way but gentleness ; gently, gently ; the 
Send is rou^. and will not be roughly used. 

Sir TV. Why, how now, my Vawcock 7* how 
dost thou, chuck 7 

MaL Sir 7 

Sir TV. Ay, biddy, come with me. What, man ! 
'tis not for gravity to'plav at cherry-pit* ¥rith Satan : 
Hang him, foul collier!* 

Mar. Grct him to say his prayers ; good Sir To- 
by, get him to pray. 

MaL My prayers, minx 7 

Mar. No, I warrant you, he will not hear of god- 

JIfaf. Go, hang yourselves all ! you are idle shal- 
low thingK : I am not of your element ; you shall 
know more hereafler. [ExiL 

5ir TV. Is't possible 7 



it: Ivii^ 

1 Caught her as » bird with birdlime. 
9 Malvolio takes the word in its old favourable sense 
t^ eampanion. 

3 See Winters Tale, Act i. 8c 6. 

4 A plaf amonff boyn. 

6 CoUier was in S'hakspeare^s time a term of the 
highest reproach. The coal venders were in bad re- 
pole, not only from the blackness of their appearance, 
but that many of them were also great cheats. The 

JU. If Ihia wore piajad ii|MB>a itefv 
conki oondenn it as an im prob a Ma ffedon. 

Sir TV. His veiy gennai hath taksatho infiMtioa 
of the device, man. 

Mar, Nay, parsaeUmaoir; last the dflfiee take 
air, and taint. 

Fab, Why, we shall make Urn nad, mdeod. 

Jlfor. The house wil! be the ^oietMr. 

Sir TV. Come, weHl ha:ve baa m a daik room,* 
and bound. < My nioee b already in the beliaf thit 
he is mad; we may catty it tfaoa, fer our phiasaii, 
and his penance, tiU our very pastime, find oat el 
breath, prompt us to.have mercy on him : at irinek 
time, we will bring the device to the bar,aiid 
thee lor a finder <» madmen. But seey bat 

Enter Sir Ajtorxw Aofyx-cHXW. 

JVfc. More matter for a Bfay 

Sir And, Here's the chaUen^e. i 
rant there's vinegar and peppw m't. 

I\Mb, Is't so saucy? 

Sir And, Ay is it, I vrarrant Unj dohot read. 

Sir To, Give me. [MUadeA YmOk, ' 
thou art^ thou art bmta eearayfeuom, 

JFhb, Good, and raltant. 

Sir To. Wonder nse. ner aimke not in 
1^ I do can Oiee 90, Jar J wia aftsm Hhsf iw 

Fiab, A good note: that keepeyoafiioM the hker 
of the law. 

Sir To. T^hou eomeet to the tad^ CNU< mtd m 
n^ eight ehe ueee thee kindhi : bat tkeee iEftf la % 
dvoatj that ie not the matter MckaUengatkeeJbr. 

Fm, Very brief, and exceeding good esoae-lasai 

Sir To. iwiatm-laythee gmngkmmi wkenif 
it bethjf chance to kul me^— 

Fab. Good. 

SirTo. UumkUlettmeWtaarogm earffl'aOUa. 

FJk StiQyoukeepo'the windy aide ef the fanr: 

SirTo. Fare theewea.- And €M ham 
one qfour eoule ! He may haoe meny i _ 
but my hope ie belter, and eo leek Is tf^fmiff* 
fiiend, ae thou ueeet him, and thy awarm rnm^ 


Sir To. If this letter move him not, ha legs 
not : Pll eive't him. 

Mar, You may have very fit occasion for\i h 
is now in some commerce with my ladty, and ««l b 
and by depart. 

Sir TV. Go, Sir Andrew • scout me fer him ai 
the comer of the orchard, like a bum-baififf: 
soon as ever thou seest him, draw ; and, as 
drawest, swear horrible ;* for it comes to 
that a terrible oath, with a swaggering 
sharply twanged ofll*, gives manhood more approba 
tion than ever proof itself would have earned hmi 

Sir And, Nay, let me alone for swearing. \E 

Sir To. Now will I not deliver his letter : for 

behaviour of the young gentleman gives him out 
be of good capacity and breeding; lUi employmen 
between his lord and my niece confirms no leas 
therefore this letter, being so excellently imoraat:- 
will breed no terror in the youtlu he will &aA 'm- 
comes from a clodpole. But, sir, I will deliver hi 
challenge by word of mouth ; set upon i 
a notable report of valour; and drive the k«hi 
(as I know his youth win aptly receive it) Hto 
most hideous opmion <^ his rage, skill, fiirr, 
impetuosity. This will so firight them botli, tha/ 
they will kill one another by the look, like 

devil is called collier for his blackness. Hence the pn- 
rerb < Like will to like, as the devil with the eoUier.* 

6 The reason for putting him in a dark room was tt 
make him believe he was mady a madhouae seems ht 
merly to have been called a dark house. 

7 It was URual on the First of May to exhibit roetrkal 
interludes of the comic kind, as well as other spom, 
such asi the Morris Dance. 

8 Adjectives are often used by Shakspeare and hb 
cotcroi'oraries adverlrially. 




Enter Outia mnd Viola. 

JFUk Here he comet with your niece : give them 
WST. till be take leave, and presently aAer him. 
\ Six TV. I will meditate the while opon aome hoi^ 
rid menace or a challei^e. 

[EmwU 8f a Toby. Fjlbiav. md Majkia. 
OIL I have said too mocn unto a noart of atone, 
And laid mine honour too unchary* out : 
There's something in me, that reproves my &nk ; 
But such a headstrong potent &ult it ia, 
Tliat it but mocks reprooC 

Fie. With the same 'haviour that your passion 
Qo on my master's £ne&. 

(Hi, Here, wear Uiis jewel' for me, 'tis my pio> 
Ilefnse it not, it hath no tongue to vex you : 
And, I beseedi you, come again to-morrow, 
What shall yon ask of roe that HI deny^ 
Tbat^ honour sav'd, may upon asking give ? 

Fio. Nothing but this, your true love for my 

OB. How with mine honour may I give him that 
Which I have given to you 7 

Vio. I will accmit you. 

Oft*. Well, come again to-morrow: Fare thee 
A fiend, like thee, might bear ray soul tohelL {ExiL 

Rt'tnitr Sir Tobt Bblch wtd Fabiaji. 

Sir 7\>. Gentleman, God save thee, 

Ffo. Ai^you, sir. 

Sir 7b. That defence thou hast, betake thee to't : 
of what nature the wrongs are thou hast done him, 
I know not : but thy interceptor, full of despight, 
bloody as the hunter, attends thee at the orchard 
end : dismount thv tuck,* be yare* m thy prepara- 
tion, for thy assailant is quick, skilfiil, and aeadly. 

Into. Tou mistake, sir ; I am sure no man ha'th 
any ouarrel to me ; my remembrance is very free 
and clear from any imajre of offence done to any man. 

Sir T\>. Tou*!! find it otherwise, I assure you : 
therefore, if you hold vour life at any price, betake 
you to your guard : ror your opposite hath in him 
what ycNith, strengtn, skill, and wrath, can fiimish 
nan withal. 

Vio, I pray you, sir, what is he? 

Sir TV. ^ IS Imight, dubbed with unhatched ra- 
pier, and on carpet consideration ;' but he is a devil 
m private brawl : souls and bodies hath he divorced 
three ; and his incensement at this moment is so 
implacable, that satis&ction can be none but by 
pnnn of oeadi and sepulchre : hob, nob,* b fau 
wbra; fiTe't, or take't. 

Via. I will return again into the house, and de- 
mra aoine oondtict of the lady. I am no fighter. I 
have heard of some kind of men, that put quarrels 
porpoaely en others, to taste their valour : belike, 
tins is a man of that quirk.* 

Sir TV. Sir, no; his indignation derives itself out 
of a very competent injury ; therefore, set you on, 
and give him ois desire. Back you sbau not to the 
bouse, unless you undertake that with me, which 
with as much safety you might answer him : there- 
tat» on, or strip your sword stark naked ; for med- 
dlo you most, that's certain, or forswear to wear iron 
about you. 

Fto. Hiis is as uncivil as strange. I beseech you, 
do me this courteous office, as to anow of the knight 
what my offence to him is ; it is something of my 
ne^igence, nothing of my purpose. 

1 Uncaotkmsly. 

9 Jewel aadently signified any precious ornament of 

M R^er. 4 Ready, nimble. 

6 L e. he Is a carpeUknigkt not dabbed In the field, 
hoc on some peaceable occaiton ; unkatek*d was proba- 
bly used in the sense or utUuiek^d. But perhaps we 
AoaM read on Aafdl*d rapier f L e. a rapier the hih of 
which was enriched with sflrer or cold. 

6 A oomqxion most probably of hab or nab : hare 
or have not, hit or miss at a |entura <^Ma*t, A«r«, or 
mHmtt I e. have not, froip toe Sazoa AoMon, to have; 

Sir To. 1 will do so. Signior Fabian, atay yon 
by this gentleman till mv return. [Exit oir Tobt. 

Fio. Fray you, sir, Jo jon know of this matter ? 

Fy». I know the knight is incensed a|[ainst vou, 
even to a mortal arbitrament ;* but nothing or the 
circumstance more. 

Via. I beseech yon, what manner of man is he 7 

#Vb. Nothing of that wonderfiil prooiise, to read 
him by his form, as you are like to find him in the 
proof of his valour. He is, indeed, sir, the mo4t 
skilfoL bloody, and fatal opposite* that you eouM 
possiMy have found in any part of Illyria: Will 
you walk towards him? I will make your peaco 
with hifl^ if I can. 

Fio. I shall be much bound to you for't : I am 

one, that would rather so with sir priest^ than sir 

knight: I care not who knows so much or mv met^ 

Ue. [^xewtL 

Re-enter Sin Tobt, with Sir Aitdbbw. 

Sir TV. Why, man, he's a very devil ;** I have 
not seen such a firago.** I had a pass with bun, 
rapier, scabbard, ana aO, and he vfem me the stucb- 
in,** with such a mortal motion, mat it is inevitable ; 
and on the answer, he pays you*' as surely as your 
feet hit tiie ground they step on : They say, he has 
been fencer to the Sophy. 

Sir And. Pox on'L FU not meddle with him. 

Sir TV. Ay, but he will not now be padbfied ; 
Fabian can scarce hold him yonder. 

fi^tr And. Plague onH: an I thoosht he had been 
valiant and so cunning in fence, Fd have seen him 
danmed ere I'd have challenged him. Let him let 
the matter dip, and HI give him my horse, grey 

air TV. FU make the motion : stand here, make 
a good riiow on't ; this shall end without the perdi- 
tion of souls : Msrry, 111 ride your horse as well as 
I ride you. [Ande.. 

ReHMter Fabiab and Yiola. 

I have his horse Uo Fab.] to take up the quarrel ; 
I have persuaded him, the youth's a devil. 

Fab. He is as hornUy conceited'* of him: and 
pants, and looks oale, as if a bear were at his neels. 

Sir TV. There^s no remedy, sir ; he will fight 
with you for his oath's sake : marry, he hath better 
bethought him of his ouarrel, and he finds that now 
scarce to be worth talaing of: therefore draw, for 
the supportance of his vow ; he protests, he wiU not 

Fio. Pray God defend me ! A little thing would 
make me tell them how much I lack of a man. 


Fab. Give ground, if you aee him fiirious. 

Sir TV. Come, Sir Andrew, there's no remedy ; 
the gentleman wul, for his honour's sake, have one 
bout with you ; he cannot by the duello** avoid it ; 
but he has promised me, as he is a gentleman and a 
soldier, he will not hurt you. Come on : to't. 

Sir And, Pray God, he keep his oath I [Drawe, 

Enter AirroHTO. 
Fio. I do assyre you, 'tis against my will. 

AnL Put up your sword ; — ^If this young gentle- 
Have done offence, I take the fault on me ; 
If you offend biro, I for him defy you. \l)rawing. 
Sir To. Tou, sir? whv^ what are you? 
Ant. One sir, that for his love dares yet do more 
Than you have heard him brag to you he wilL 

nabbany not to have. So. in Holijished's description of 
Ireland, * The citizens in tneir rage shot Habbe or nabbe.* 
7 Sort. 8 Decision. 9 Adversary. 

10 ShakuMare may have caught a hint for (his scene 
firom the behaviour or Sir John Dow and Sir A. La Foole 
in Jonflon*8 Silent Woman^hich was printed ir 1609. 

11 Fim^, for virago. The meaning appears to be, I 
have never seen the most furious woman so obstrepe- 
rous and violent as he is. 

13 A corruption ofstoccola, an Italian term In fondng 
18 L a. bits you. 

14 He has a horrid conception of hhn. 
1ft Laws of duel 



Act IT 

Ar TV Hftj, if yoa be an ondeftaker,* I am 
furjom. [Aram. 

JEMct Two Officcn* 

Aft. O food Sv Tobjy hold; here cobw the oii- 

8v TV. rn be wiih yoa aMB. [3V Anoino. 

Fm. Frajy ar, pat ap yoor sword, if jrou please. 
^ [7b Sim Ain>Kxw. 

Sir And, Blany, wS I, sir ;— and for that I pro- 
sued joo, Fll be as ^ood as m j word : He will 
bear TOO easSjr ; aad rons well. 

1 Of, This is the Ban; do thj office. 

t Qf . AntooiOy I arrest thee at the sot 
Of cooHtt Orsinob 

Ami, Too do nustake me, sir. 

1 Qfl Kb^ sir, no jot ; 1 know yoor &Toar wdL 
Tboo^ now you have no sea-cap on your head^- 
Take nim away ; he knows, I know hun wdL 

jinL I mustobeyw — ^Tbis comes with seeking yoa ; 
Bat there's no remedy : I shall answer iL 
What win yoa do ? iVow my necessity 
Ifakes me to ask you (or my parse : It grieves me 
Much more, for what I cannot do for you, 
Tlian what befidls myselC Yoa stand amaz'd ; 
But be orcomf>rt. 

2 Qffl Comcy sir, awar. 

Ant. I must entreat oiyoa some of that money. 

Fie. What money, sir i 
For the (air kindness you have showM me here. 
And, part, being prompted by your present trouDle, 
Out of my lean and low ability 
Fll lend you something : my haTing* is not moch ; 
ni make divinon of my present with yoa ; 
Hold, there is half my oofier. 

Ani. Will jroa deny me now 7 

Is't possible, that my deserts to you 
Can lack persuasion ? Do not tempt my miseiy. 
Lest that it make me so unsound a man. 
As to upbraid you with those kindnesses 
That I have done for yoa. 

Vio. I know of none; 

Nor know I you by Toice, or any foatore : 
I hate ingratitude more in a man. 
Than lyin|^, rainness, babbling, orunkenness. 
Or any taint of vice, whose strong corruption 
Inhabits our frail blood. 

Ani. O heavens themselves ! 

2 Q^, Come, sir, I pray you go. 

Ani. Let me speak a little. This youth that you 
see here. 
I niatcli'd one half out of the jaws of death ; 

RolicvM him with such sanctity of love, 

Ami to his image, which^ methought did promise 
Most venerable worth, did I devotion. 

1 O/T' What's that to us ? The time goes by ; 

Ant. But, Of how vile an idol proves this god ! — 
Thou hast, Sebastian, done good feature shame*^ 
In nature there's no blemish, but the mind : 
Nont* can bo callM deform'd, but the unkind : 
Virtue is beauty ; but the beauteous-evil 
Arc empty trunks, o'erflourished' By the devil. 

I Ojf. The man grows mad ; away with him. 
Come, come. sir. 

Ant. Lead me on. [Exeunt Officers with Airr. 

Vio. Methinks, his words do from such passion fly, 
That he believes himself; so do not L^ 
Vwve true, imagination, O, prove true, 
Tlial Itdear brother, be now ta'en for you ! 

Sir To. Come hither, knight ; come hither. Fa- 
bian ; we'll whisper o'er a couplet or two <» most 
sage saws. 

Fto. He nam'd Sebastian ; I ntybrodicr know 
Yet living in my glass ;* even saea, and ao^ 
In fovoor was my brother ; and he weat 
Stin in this foshwn, csloar, iiriwiwt| 
For him I imitate : O, if it prove^ 
Tempests are kino, and lak waves freslk b fove! 


8irT\^ A veiT dbhoiisaf patoy boy, and mowi 

I L e. one who takes up or undertakes the quarrel of 
3 i. p. fdrtune, podsessions. 

3 Trunks, being then part of the furniture of apart- 
m«;ntA, were ornamented with scroIl'Work or JUmrxahed 

4 i. 0. I do not yet Iwlicve mywelf, when from this ac- 
cident, I ^tlier hope of my brother's life. 

5 His resemblance eurcixee in the reflection of my 
own figure 

coward then a hare : his jfishfSBlj anpeani ■ 
leaving his friend here in neceasity, andf dsnjbg 
him: and for his cowardiee, adk Funn. 
JFaft. A coward, a moat devoot covrardy rdlpoa 

SkAnd. *S\3d^ini9Siet}umM^Km,9adhm}m. 

Sir To. Do, can hiB soondlyi but never dm 
thy sword. 

Sir And, An I do not. [JEriL 

FaiK Come, let's see the event. 

Sir To. I ttre lay any money, *twiD be nolUig 
yet. lExtmd. 

ACT nr.— SCENE L TheStr9§th^ Ofim*! 
JEToMse. Enier SsBAsrian onrf Ukmo. 

Clo. Vnil you make me beliere that I aanoi 
sent for yoa/ 

Seb. uo to, go to. thoa art a foo&sh leOow; 
Let me be clear of thee. 

Cfo. Wen held out, i*fiuth ! No, I do not fawv 
you ; nor am I not sent to you by my lady, to bid 
you come speak with her ; nor your name b not 
master Cesario ; nor this is not my noae neitharr- 
Nothing that is so, is so. 

Seb. I pr'ythee, vent thy folly aoHMwbere die; 
Thou know'st not me. 

Ch. Vent my folly ! He baa heani that woid d 
some creat man, ana now applies it. to a fooL T«t 
my folly I I am afraid this ereat lubber, the wwU, 
wfll prove a cockney .^I prSthee now, mginl tl^ 
strangeness, and tell me what I shall vcitt tonj 
lady : Shall I vent to her, that thoa art eonmigf 

Sat. I pr'ythee, foolish Greek,* depart from no; 
There's money for thee ; if yoa tarry hmgcr. 
I shall give worse payment. 

CZo. By my troth, thou hast an open hand.*— 
These wise men that give fools money, get OtMr 
selves a good report aAer fourteen years' purchase.^ 

Enter Sir Andrew, Sir Tobt, and Fabiait. 

Sir And. Now, sir, have I met you again 7 thtff^ 
for you. [Stnking SkbastiijI' 

Seb. Why, there's for thee, and there, and there: 
Are all the peonlc mad ! i Beating Sin Ajrnaiw. 

Sir To. Hold, sir, or I'll throw your dagger o'er 
the house. 

Clo. This will I ten my lady straight ; I wooU 
not be in some of yoor coats for two-pence. 

Sir To. Come on, sir ; hold. 

[Holding Sebastii'* 

Sir And. Nay, let him alcme ; Pll ^ another wty 

to work with liim ; I'll have an action of battett 

against him, if there be any law in lUyria : thoi^ 

I struck him first, yet its no matter for that. 

Seb. Let go thy hand. 

Sir 7b. Come, sir, I will not let yoa go. Con^ 
my young soldier, put up your iron : yoa are weu 
fleshed ; come on. 

Seb. I will be free from thee. What woddft 
thou now ? 
If thou daHst tempt me further, draw thy swoid. 

Sir To. What, what ! Nay. then I most nave aa 
ounce or two of this malapert blood from yoa. 


6 .5 tnfrry Greeks or a foolifh Greek were aodeot 
proverbial expressions applied to boon companions, good 
lellowfl, aa they were called who spent their time is 
riotous minh. Whether the Latin jxryngcan, of thi 
same import, furnished the phrase or not, h was in OM 
in France and Italy as wtU as in England. 

7 i. e. at a very extravagant price, firelve years' pot 
chase ^ing then the current price of r ' 


OU. Hc>U,TobT:aitbTli&,Ichvc«tlios,bold. 
SirTt. Madun! 

00. Will il 1m enr ihiuT Uanaciciu wntcb, 
Pit lor ihe naniiUiiu tai the butuvoi a«g>. 

itwjetbj,* be fone ?^Ipr*jlb«e, gcntla ftimd, 

(£(amf Sib Tdit, Sib Abdbbit, md F^bia 
Let tfaj bit wiadoBi, not Ibf puuan, «nj 
lo (lua UBciTil and imjuK aitent> 
AgaiaU diT paace. Go with as to a; home ; 
Aad bear iboii Ifaen bow Bail j bwlleca pnaka 
Hiu niffian bath botch'd up,' that Ihoo (herebjr 
May'at (mils at ihu : thou ihall mlchooae bat ga 
Do Qol den; : Bmbreir* hii mwI lot ma, 
He BUrted one poor btart' of Mine in ihee. 

<S(t. What reliib i« in lUa ?• bow noa the MnMB 
0[ I am Bad, ot alae Ihii il a dream :— 
Let bmej «iU mj atoie m Lelba iteep : 
If il be iBm lo dreaiB, itiU let me ileep ! 

OIL Kaj. come, 1 pi>Tthee : 'WoSd tlBg'dal 1 
ml'd by ma I 

CM. 0,w>MsaBd*abe! 

SCENE IL A Jtwa « 

Mar. Itaj, I pr'rtbee, pot aa ttua fo*™, and Uiia 

beaid; make Urn Mine, then an BirTopu the 

cunle: do it quicklT : I'U call Sit Tobr ibe wbilri. 


Cti. Wei, FQiiut ilo^ asd I will dinembli' 
mjaelf ia'I ; and I would I were [be finl thai n< r 
fuvembled in Mo/dh a gown, E am not tall' enowjL 
to baeoma tbe finciioo well ; Dor Isan enough tok- 
tbon^ a good Uudeol ; but to be said, ao hooe^i 
■lan, aJKt a good bouiekeeper, goei aa ikirljr u n. 
Baj, a carafiu man, and a great acholar. Tbe godj- 
petUen* ealar. 

Etilir Blk ToiT Bbi,cii bhI H^mii. 

Sir T\>. Jo*e blew thee, mailer panon. 

Cla. Bom £a, 9a Todj : ibr u the old hDnriii 
rf Prt^e, that noTer eaw pen and ink, vary willi I v 
nid 10 a aiecB of king Oorbodue, TAof, thai it, in . 
•0 I, brang Baiter parKO, am roaalei oanoB : Fui 
aftatia that, but (bat T and is, butia?'* 

Sir n. To bin, 8I[ TupM, 

dm. What, boa, I nj ;— Peace in thia priion 1 

Sir n. Ilw kaate couaterfeila well: a good 

Mid. [»««iHrelkin6a'.] Who calli there 1 

flBUHi^B IHctlonarj, il 

S Tbo Bo^^m edfton uti 


II BairwiidnHwtnlas»[ 

ebanfed iMi Utfai i 

I projeolng wlBdowi, ftn. 

' oecopdeda wbele bim r>r 
•pacaMtwemtwoamfiaaBalnahuikUnc. Hlmbew 
BTaabaT-wlndow, aocalled'becaiuait libnilded lu. 
■annB or a bmi at road for ihipa, L a. round.' 

It Clear ilgr^, bi Oothle ArcMtecnire, deiMM Uio 
nv<f wlndawannnlnf akmg [haupparpartof a lofiv 
ban « of a ebnrcta, oreriha uthn of iha n»i: q. <l. 
m A m a(«t», a unpf withoul lolM, raAen, oifloortTii.'. 
• 0*ar each aide of Ibe naTi li a row ofeftn i»^y 
«lid«n>— <bBBa#* JEKito/Ctntfri, L4M. Tiu 

Ch. Bir Topai tbe curate, who conei to ykI 
HaltoliD the lunatic 
MoL Bir Topai, Sir Topaa, good Sir Ti^aa, go 

Sir Tt. WeD laid, mailer pi 

MaL Sir Topaa, nerer wai 
good Sr Tiqiaa, do not Ihink I 
laid no here In hideoui daiknei 

CIs. Fje, Ihou diabouat Salbanl I caU 
the iboat modeal lermi: fori am one cf thoi 
OML that will ue Ibe devil himaelf with a 
Sar'il (ban, that hoiue i> dark ~ 

MaL Ai ball. Sir Tinni. 

Cb. Whjr, it halh baj-windo 
harrieadoea,aad the clear aloriea 
------ • ■ ueboDj; and jetoomplakieat 


I HT, Iher* ia aa 
„ , rhicb thou art duka 

pmilad Ihan the Egyptiani in Ibair fog. 

MbL I laj, thii bouie ii ai daik aa ignorance, 
Ibough ignorance were aa dark aa hell ; and I aa;, 
there waa nerer man ihui alHiaed : I am no more 
mad than you are j make the trial of it inanjco^ 

» of Pjtbagona oooeeni- 
w of hii opiniaaT 

ins wild-fDwl ! 
Mai. Tbattfaeanolo 

allow of thy wiu \ 
xk,'*Ieit thou cUapoaaeaa tbe Mul of (fay IT 

MaL Sir Topai, Sir Topaa^— 
Sir To. My nun! eiquinle Bii Topu! 

O. Nay, I am for .ilw ' 

Mo-. Thou mighl'il ba 

beard and go?m^ Bo MiM I 

' — — thine owu vtuca, and bring me 

le dona Uua without Oij 


rery. Ifhei: 

H'sDce' wilb my niece, tAat I cannot 
ny aaiety ibii iporl to the miflhot. C 
ytomychimbFr. {Cmmt 8jB ToiT r 
Clo, Ha RMtL-jaOa HMn," 



•lonrm, which wu followed bf all lubaaoaani adhere 

The emendulon and eiplaoaaon are Ht. Blekewaj^ 

""idle Holme. howeTer, In hli Academy of Aimoiy; 

I Ihu ' cirar •tary window •■ — '— ' ■■— 

A Tcorerhlal phiaie docti 
The meanlnff, boweTar, af^^a u* w ■ <.«■ «u> 
and 10 any tUng, or aauDwBy cfa>n«Ur.i Flo- 
I Ua traaiiaiioa of Honialgna, qiaakfng of Arte. 

wltb all ihfaifi.' And hi hli Seend fVatH, Iben 

aipnailon more reaamblbw the hnporl of thai !■ 

DR. ' lam a Imt^t far^ taJdUi.' Haah IB 

UiLaima Stub, ItM, haaabnaMlhelaaruageof tha 

clown.—' He ii tn broken to the aea bi Oie Herrtaig. 

man'! ikUfe or codi-boeie, wbeca harlnf laamad fa 

' ' aU watt rt , and drink aa he cao out of a lairl* 

llaaon*B conjeemrt, that the allnlen la lo the 

kua or cokHU of (ruloui luaei, la ninly biad. 

ThIa ballad nay ba Ibund to Vcrcy^ RellquH of 

Jl Po«ry, Vol. i p. 1«, ed. ilM. Dr. S<K bai 

alio printed tt among Ibe poemi of fill Thomaa Wlall 




Clo. My lady t« unXcuM^, perdy, 

Mai. Yoo\,— 

Clo. JUat^ why uihtml 

MaL Fool, I say ;— 

Clo. firAcioMta»o<A<r— WhocaDiyha? 

MdL Good fool, as erer thou wilt deterre well 
at my hand, hdp ma to a candle, and pen, ink, and 
naper ; as I am a gentleman, I will tire to he thank- 
ful to thee for't. 

C7b. Master Malvotio ! 

MdL Aj, good fool. 

Clo, Alas, sir. how fell yon hesides yoor fire wits ?' 

MaL Fool, tnere was never man so notoriously 
abused : I am as well in my wits, fool, as thou art. 

Oo. But as weU 7 then ^ou are mad, indeed, if 
you be no better in your wits than a ibol. 

Mai. Hiey hare here propertied me ;* keep me 
in daiimess, send mimsters to me^ asses, and ao all 
they can to face me out of my wits. 

C/b. Advise you what you say : the minister is 
here, — ^MaWoho, Malvolio, thy wits the heavens 
rMtore f endeavour thyself to sleep, and leave thy 
rain bibble babble. 

Mai. Sir Topas, 

Go. Maintam no words with him, good fellow.* 
—Who, I, sir? not I, sir. God VwiVou. good 
8b Topas. — ^Marry, amen. — ^I will, sir, I will. 

Mai, Fool, fooL fool, I say. — 

do. Alas, sir, be patient. What say you, sb"? 
I am shent* for speaking to you. 

Mtd. Good fbol, hdp me to some li^t, and some 
paper ; I tell thee, I am as well in my wits as any 
man in niy ria. 

Clo, Well-a-day, — that you were, sir ! 

MaL Bv this hand, I am : Good fool^ some ink, 
p^»er, and lij^ht. and convey what I will set down 
to my lady ; it shall advantage thee more than ever 
the bearing of letter did. 

Cb. I will help vou to*t. But tell me true, are 
you not mad, indeed ? or do you but counterfeit ? 

Mai, Believe me, 1 am not ; I tell thee true. 

Clo. Nay, Pll ne'er believe a madman till I see 
his brains. I will fetch you Hght, and p^er, and 

Mai. Fool, ni requite it ui the highest degree : 
pr*ythee, begone. 

Clo. I am gotUf fir. 

And anon^ nr, 
rU be tmth you agaxjiy 

In a trice ; 

Ldke to the old viee,* 
Your need to suitam ; 

Who toith dagger of latk. 
In his rage and his vorath^ 

Cries oJij ha! to the devil : 
Uke a madlad, 
Pare thy nailSj dad. 

Adieu, goodman devil, [Exit. 

SCENE m. Olivia's Goreien. ITn/er Sebastian. 
Seb. This is the air ; that is the glorious sun ; 

1 The/ive teitSf in analogy lo the five senses. It ap> 
pears that the five wits were ' common wit. imagination, 
fantasy, estimation, memory.* Wit was then the gene- 
ral term for intellectual power. 

3 Taken possession of. 

8 The clown, in the dark, acts two persons, and 
counterfeits, by variation of voice, a diak)gue between 
himself and Sir Topas. 

4 Scolded, reprimanded. 

6 The vice was the fool of the old moralities. He 
was grotesquely dressed in a cap with ass*B ears, a 
long coat, and a dageer of lath. One of his chief em- 
ployments was to make sport with the devil, leaping on 
his back and belabouring him with his dagger, till he 
made him roar. The devil, however, always carried 
him ofif in the end. The moral was, that sin, which 
has the courage to make very merry with the devil, and 
ia allowed by him to take very great liberties, must 
Inally become his prey. This used also to be the regu- 
lar end of Punch In the pu]q)et show (who was the legi- 
timate succesdor of the old vice or Iniquity,) until mo- 
dem innovation, in these degenerate times, reversed 

This peaii she gave me, I do feePt and Me't : 

And tnougfa 'tis wonder that enwrapa me tfini. 

Yet 'tis not madness. Where's Antoaio then? 

I co«ld not find him at the Elephant : . 

Yet there he was ; and there ifboBd tlua endkf* 

That he did range the town to seek lae oat. 

His counsel now might do me golden service : 

For though my soul disputes weU with mi 

That this may he some error, but no ■Md 

Yet doth this accident and flood of Ibrtana 

So far exceed all instance, all discourse* 

That I am ready to distrust stun* eyes. 

And wrancle with my reason, that penoadst mm 

To any other trust, but that I am mad, 

Or else the lady's mad ; yet, if 'twere ao^ 

She could not sway her boose^ coraniand her fct- 

Take, and give Mxk affairs, and their despatch, 
With such a smootl^ disereet, and staUe heani(, 
As, I perceive, she does : there's souMtfaiig io^ 
That IS deceivable.* But here the lai^ ^^^-i^^ 

£nUT Olttxa and a 

(Hi, Blamenot this hasto of mine: If you 

Now, go with me, and with this hdj num, 
Into the chantry "* by: there, before huun. 
And underneath that consecrated rool^ 
Plight me the full assurance of ysnr fiuth ; 
That my most jealous and too doubtful soul 
May live at peace : He shall conceal it, 
Whiles' ' you are willing it shall coom to note ; 
What time we will our celebration keep 
According to my birth. What do jwi say 7 

Seb, PU follow this good man, and go with you 
And, having sworn truu,** ever wiH be true. 

OIL Then lead the way, good father :— — 
heavens so shine. 
That they may fairly note this act of Bune! [. 


SCENE I. 7^ Street before Olivia's 
Enter Clown and Fabiah. 

Fab. Now, as thou lovest me, let me see his lettev"- 

Clo. Good master Fabian, grant me another iv- 

Fab. Any thing. 

Clo. Do not desire to see this letter. 

Fab. That is, to give a dog, and, in recompensv^ 
desire my dog again. 

Enter Ddke, Viola, and Attendants. 

Duke. Belong you to the lady Olivia, friends? 

Clo. Ay, sir ; we are some of her tra{>pings. 

Duke. I know thee well: How dost thou, mf 
good fellow? 

Clo. Truly, sir, the better (or my foes, and llie 
worse for my friends. 

Duke. Just the contrary ; the better forthjIKenda 

Clo. No, sir, the worse. 

Duke. How can that be ? 

Clo. Marry sir, they praise me, and make an tis 

the catastrophe. See Note on K. Henry V. AcL ir. 
8c. 4. 

6 i. c. intelligence. Mr. Sieevens has referred to 
several passages which seem to imply that this woid 
was used for oral intelligence. I find ic thus in a lecirr 
from Elizabeth to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton ■»»**«># 
the Conway Papers. ' This beror came from youwu 

great spede We have heard his credit and fynd your 

carefulness and diligence very greaL* 

7 i. e. reason. 8 Servants. 9 i. e. decepcfoas. 

10 ' Chantry J* a little chapel, or particular ahar to 
some cathedral or parochial churcn, endowed for the 
purpose of having masses sung thsreia for the soids of 
the founders 

11 Until. 

12 Troth or fidelity. It should he remarked that this 
was not an actual nuarriage, but a betrothing, affianc. 
ing, or solemn promise of future marriage: andemly 
distinguished by the name of emousals. Thia has been 
esiabhshed by Mr. Douce in hb very interesting Illus- 
trations of Shakspeare, where the reader will find miich 
curious matter on the subject, in a note on this 


of mv ; DOIT mv Ibai tall me plAinlj 1 un mn mmm : \ Did 1 oiposc mjtdf^ pura for b'u lovsi 
■o (b*t bj mj uicB, air, 1 proGt in IhB knowlcdn of Into the daogor of thii Ldvcne lown ; 
HjHir; mlbT mj frno^ 1 un abuMd: •oihki, ' Drm tadclrud him, wIlcii he wii bewi 
ooDclusiHu tobe u kiHU, iT jour tbur ncgativca: Wbers being ipprebended, hia faUe cuiu 
■oaks (OUT two tffinuliT»,' irhj, then the wone (Nol laeining lo parUke with rn 
fcrmyrriendi, and iha betwr ftir mj tbaa. Taughr "--- '- ■■- ' ■-- 

DtJu. Vrh7, Uua ii eicellent. 

Cla. Bj mj iroih, air, no ; tboo^ it plaui 
to be ana of m; &ieada. 

Dntm. TbouahaltDMbethewonafbrne;!! 

Oa. Bui that h w«dd t* doabto-dciliB^ rir, 
wndd ^ro" <:o>^ n*^ ■< uwlher. 

ilKic. O, TOO gire me ill coanaeL 

C£p. Pot your graca in your pocket, air, tor thia 
aaee, and let nur fleah and bload obaT it. 

Dkk. Welt, I will be ao much a nnner lo be a 
doable-dealer ; Ibere'a tnothsr. 

On. Prima, aaeimde, tortis, i* ■ good pUjr ; uid 
•he old aajrnu ia, the uird paya for all ; the tnpUi, 
■r, ia a goodlripl^lll meaaure ; or the belli of Bl. 
BeoDel, air, maj pot JMibl mind; One, two, ihrri:. 

JOuit. Yoa can Hm do more monej' out of me jil 
Oia thrair ; if you wiU let your lady kDow, I am 
bora to apeak niih her, and brine her along wiih 
TOO, it raaj awake ray bouoty fiirther. 

Ch. Harry, aii, lullaby to your bounty, till I 

to Ihiok, that my deaire of banng ia the lin nf' 
TelouBDeaa ; but. M you aay, or, lat your bou 
lake a nap, I wiU awake it anon. [EmU CIv 
Ciiter Ahtomio md OScen. 
Fw. IIerecDDiaaihetoan,Br,tht(didre*cuei 
AdU. That &ce of hi* 1 do renHmber well ; 
Tel, when I aaw it laat, it waa bsmsai'd 
Am black ai Tulcan, in tbo onoka of war; 
A bawbling Teaael wai be captain ot 
For ahallow dnugkt, and bulk, unpmable : 
Wilb which auch acalhiiil* gram>le did he make 
With Ihe nort noble bottom of our fleet, 

I Of. OraiiMS thia b thu AMoiuo 
Hat took the Phomi and berlraughl,' from Candj': 
A^ thia ia he that did Ihe Tiger baud. 
When your young nephew Titua Lost bu leg : 
Hare in the alraeta, deaperUe at ahame and alate,' 
In ivmle brabble did we ^pr^end him. 

Fica Ho did no kiDdneaa, ait ; drewoa myaidit; 
Bu, ID coDcloiioB, put atniue apeech upon ncr 
I know not what Hna, but £aIneliDa. 

Dukt. Notable pirate! tbouull-mlar Ihjefl 

WhatGHliah boMneia brought thee to theirmerciei 

iMn._ ,i_. : „ „ bloody, and ao dear,' 



Though, I caa&ii, aa baie and rrouod eoouah, 
Omno*a esemy. A witchciaR drew me bitber: 
That moil ingratefiil boj there, by your liie, 
Sfrom the rude aea'a enraged and loamy month 
Did I redeem : a wreck pa*I bope he waa : 

Mr lore, wilhwl retention or reiliainl, 

AQ hi* in dedication: for hia aaka. 


1)0111 can thia be? 

■d i end for three nioolha beibra 

; DOW baaiDi 

lut Ibf ibee, fellow, fellow, thy wordu are madnesa : 
'hree monihi ihii Tout)i haib tended upon nie ; 

liii more of that iinn. Take him aside. 

OIL What would my lord, but that he may not 

olhday and night did we 1 

Enltr OuTH, on 

DiJa. Here cornea the < 

Wherein Olivl 



Vio. My lord would apeak, my duty hushea me- 
Oli. If It be oufht to the old tuue, my lord. 

iW. ' StiU K) cruel I 

(Hi. Still lu cautviir lord. 

Dvii. What ! lo perrenelien 1 you unciril Udy, 
_ o wboee inmie and unauapicioua altara 
My soul the (hi ih&ll'al offering) hilh breath'd out. 
Thai e'er dprotionlender>il! What ahalll do} 

' Even what it pleaie my lord, that ih»U be- 

Dalri. Why lb 
Ab Ihe Egypli* 

not, had 1 1 

>l I partly ki 

au my faiU^ 

i>n you, the marbla-bfeMled lynml, atill ; 

nd wham, by hoaren, I awear. I tender dearly, 
Ulm will I tear out of thai cruel eye. 

.me boy wilh mej 


BBcrificfl the lunb ihi 

Cis. And 1, moil jocund, apt, and 
'o do you rut, a ihouaaDd deatha » 

Oli. Where gooaCoawio? 

More than I lote iheee eyai, 

"-re, by all morea, than e'l 

do feign, you w^inemea i 

liah my hie for tainting of 

ly tboughla are ripe m 
I dn Idtk. 


iini, when iheTdeaptiiwd of theh own aafen-, Una lo 
lake away with thnea wlnm ihey held bkm Mr, and 
Diired for companion In cha nan lUb. Tbyaml^ 
inEtefne, baneaed nnmd wMh tneslBik Ia<hi< with 
loTe, tealoDaT, and anger, want lo hb an, and calling 
akiudin the BgTr'l"<Kt<f. "•aoon ai he hoaid bim- 
~:ir anawered towarda the cara'a moiuh 1^ a Onclan, 
Lsklng (o Ihe »r»h by the direction of her Toica, ha 
CAuehl her by ihe hair with hia left hand, and (cuppoS' 
Ing her to he Charlclee) with hIa right hand plunnd bla 



Fib. Who doM beguile jooT who does do joo 

OK. Hast thou forgot tfajtdf ! It it eo long !^ 
CtU ibrtfa the holj icther. [Emi on Attendmnt 

Duhi. Comeawaj. [7b Viola. 

(ML WUther, mr lord 7— Ceeario, husband, sUj. 

Dttke. Husbandl 

Oil. Ay, husband ; Can he that deny? 

Duhe, Her husband, surah 7 

Vio. Vo% tar lord, not L 

OU, Alas, it is the baseness ofto^ rear, 
That makes thee strangle thy propnetj :* 
Fear not, Oesario, take thj rortunes op ; 
Be that thoa know'st thoa art, and then thoa art 
As great as that thoa fear'stw— O, welcome fitther I 

JUtnier Attendant and Priest. 
Father, I ehaive thee by thy reference. 
Here to u^old (though lately we intended 
To keep in darimess^ what occanon now 
Rereals before 'tis npe,) what thou dost know. 
Hath newly past between this yoodi and me. 
~^ Prieat. A contract of eternal bond of love. 
ConfinnM by mutual joinder of your hands. 
Attested by the holy close of lips, 
Strengtheird by interchan^ement of your rings ;* 
And ul the ceremony of this compact 
Seal'd in my function, by my teetmiony : 
l^ice when, my watch bath told me, toward my 

I hate travell'd but two hours. 

Duke. O, thou dissembling cub ! what wilt thou be, 
When time hath sow'd a gnzde on thy case 7* 
Or will not oLm thy craft so quickly grow, 
That thine own trip shall be thine orerthrow 7 
Farewell, and take her ; but direct thy feet. 
Where thou and I henceforth may nerer meet. 

Vio. My lord, I do protest,^ 

OS, O, do not swear $ 

Hold little faith, though thou hast too much fear. 

Enter Sir Akdrew Agitx-chkkk, wUh hi$ head 


Sir And, For the love of God, a surgeon ; send 
one presently to Sir Toby. 

Oft. What's the matter? 

Sir And. He has broke my head across, and has 
given Sir Toby a bloody coxcomb too : for the love 
of God, your nelp : I nad rather than forty pound, 
I were at home. 

OU, Who has done this, Sir Andrew ? 

j9tr And. The count's gentleman, one Cesario : 
we took him for a coward, but he's the very devil 

Duke. My gentleman, Cosario? 

Sir And. Od's lifelings, here he is : — ^You broke 
ray bead for nothing ; and that that I did, I was set 
on to do't by Sir Toby. 

Vio, Why do you speak to me ? I never hurt you : 
You drew your sword upon me, without cause ; 
But I bespake you fair, and hurt you not. 

Sir And, If a bloody coxcomb be a hurt, you 
have hurt mo ; I think you set nothing by a bloody 

1 I. e. suppreea, or disown thy property. 

9 In ancient espousals the roan received as well as 
gave a ring. 

8 So, In Cary^s Present Slate of England, 1696. 
* Queen Elizabeth asked a knifht named Young, how 
he likeil a company of brare ladies .' He answered, as 
I like my silver hured conies al home, the ctiaea are 
fkr better than the bodies.' 

4 Otherways. 

6 Tht patin was a grave Spanish dance. Sir John 
Hawkins derires it from paeo a peeteoekj and says that 
trvrypavin had its galltcwd, a lighter kind of air form. 
ed out of the former. Thus, in Middleton*8 More Die. 
semblers lieside Women : 

* I can dance nothing but ill favourdly, 
A strain or two ofpatte measures galliard.'* 
By which it appears tliat the ptune measure paran. and 
the passe measure guliiard were only two diflereni 
measures of one dauce. Sir Toby therefore means by 
this quaint expreseion that the surgeon Is a rogue and a 

Emer 8im Tobt Bslcb, drmJc, Isi if At CIowb. 

Hera cooMs Sir Toby hattiBg, yoa shall heari 

bat if he had not been in drink, he woold have tiddtd 

you otheff|^Ue(B* than he dfid. 

Duke. Howow,gwitle«aa7 howis'twithjwi? 

Sir To, That's sll one; he has hart me^ nd 
there's an end on' L S ot, didst i 

Cto. O he's drmdc, Sir Toby, aa hoar 
his eyes were set at ei^t i'the morning. 

Sir Th, Then he's a rogua and a ] 
pavin ;^ I hate a drunken rog ue. 

on. Away with bin: Who hath Hwda thbha- 
vook with them 7 

Sir And, HI help yoo. Sir Toby, baeaosa wall 
be dressed together. 

Sir TV. Wul you help?— An asa-head, and aeoi- 
comb. and a knave 7 a thin-foced knava, a gull 7 

Ob. Get him to bed and let his hurt be look'd to. 

[EwemU Clown, Sn Tobt, ami Sir Ajidksw. 

Enter Skbastiaii. 
Seb* I am sorry, madsm, I have oort joar kna- 

But, had it been the brother of n^ blood, 
I must have done no less, with wit and aalety* 
You throw a straa|;e resard v^kmi me. and 
By that I do porceive it bath offended yoa ; 
Pardon me, sweet one. even for the vows 
We made each other but ao late ago. 

Duke, One face, one voica one habit, and two 
persons ; 
A natarai perspective,* diat is, and is noL 

Seb, Antonio ! O, my dear AntonioL 
How have the hours rack'd and tortaord mtf 
Since I have lost thee. 

Ant, Sebastian are you 7 

Seb. Fear*st thoo that, Antono 7 

Ant. How have you made division of yoarself?— 
An apple, deft in two, is not more tvnn 
Than these two creattves. Which ia Sebastian T 

OU. Most wonderful ! 

Seb, Do I stand there ? I never had a brother; 
Nor can there be that deity in my nature. 
Of here and every where. I had a sister, 
Whom the bHnd waves and surges have devoured :• 
Of charity,' what kin are you to me ? [7b Viola. 
What coiintiyman ? what name? what parentage? 

Vio. Of Mcssaline : Sebastian was my father ; 
Such a Sebastian was my brother too. 
So went he suited to his watery tomb : 
If spirits can assume both form and auit. 
You come to fright us. 

Seb. A spirit I am, indeed ; 

But am in that dimension grossly clad, 
Which from the womb I dm participate. 
Were you a woman, as the rest goes even, 
I should mytears let fall upon your cheek. 
And say— Thrice welcome, drowned Viola ! 

Vio. Afy father had a mole upon his brow. 

Seb. And so had mine. 

grave solemn coxcomb. In the first act of the play h9 
has ebown himself well acquainted with the Tarioiaa 
kinds of dance. Shakspeare's characters are always 
consistent, and even in drunkenness preserve the traii9 
of character which distinguished them when sober. 

6 A perspective formerly meant a slaaa that aaa'isted 
the sight in any way. The serera* kmds in use in 
Shakspeare's time are enumerated in Seot*a Diacovehe 
of Witchcraa, 1584, b. xiii. c 19, where thai alluded to 
by the Duke is thus described : ' There be glaaaa* also 
wherein one man may see another man^ insane and 
not his own' — that optical illusk>n may be meant, which 
is called anamorphftsis :— * where that which is, bmN,' 
or appears, in a different positioD, another thing. Tkli 
may also explain a passa^ in Henry V. Act r. 8e. 2: 

* Tes, my lord, you see them perspeetwelu^ the ddss 
tinned into a maid.' Vide abo K. Richani D. Act iL Be 
1, and note there : 

* Like perspectives, which rightly sazed upon 
Show noihmp, but confusion j ey'a awry 
Distinguish form.* 

7 Out of charity, tell ma. 

TWELFra taoaTs or, what tdu will. 

rH bring; jTMi to 1 upll 
Where Vic m; mudan i 

Pu. ABddiedlhildtr*lMaTioJafi«nliw binh 
Bad flimibai^d Ihirtaaa jBuv. 

Sib. O, thml ncord ii dialf in oif Mul t 
He fimihed, iwlHd, hi* ihkUI >cI, 
That iaj tbu Rwde nr nUr lUrtna feut. 

Pw. tTuothiBg 1M> M make ih happr biitk, 
But tlui mj BBMoUse nran^d Mire, 

Of ^aca, dme, ibrtisw, de colxn, aad jnnp, 
'Hill I uu Viola : which lo eoBfitm, 

; bTwhoHgeDtleli?])! 

AU the occumDCs of aj ^rtrnx mane 
Uath Iweii betwMa thii ladj, aod Ihia knd. 

Sib, Bo eomn it, ladT, ?oa ban bean aialcoh : 

Tou would hare bean coDtnelBd lo ■ maid j 
Nor an tou Iberon, by my Ulg, decaiTed, 
T«u arabaUodi'd bMh to t. BUid and mm. 

Dole. Ba not amazM ; lighl Dobleb fail blood. — 
If Uoi ba an, ai jet the glaaa aeema mw, 
I AtU hare ahare in Ihii moat ha|^j wreck : 
Bot, thou hut aaid to ma a iboBaand timea, 


Thai aavera daj &om night. 
D^lu. Oire ma ihjp hand ; 

Via. n* captain, ihal did bring me Gnt on ahnr 
Haih nr maid^i gannanii : he^ upon aome action 
la wnv ra durance, at MaJrolio*! auit, 
A nplJemanandrDllowerDrmj ladya. 

OIL H> ihaU eidarge Um:— Fetch Halvoi; 

Fnm mj remembrance dearlj banii 

da. Ttuljr, Duulun, he holda B 

OK. Did he wnta tUa T 
Cla. At, madam. 
- t. Thii 

■To think me aa well • n(er aa \ wife, 

~na day tball ciowa tb* alUasc* 011% an pl ane yon, 

ere at mj boaae, and at my proper i»ial. 

Dulu. Madam, I am moel ^>t la anJsrace joor 

our maiter ijaita foa {lb TiOLa ;] aad, fiir jaa 

So mocfa tgaioat Ae mettle' of jour aei, 

" &r bODMlfa jour loft and lender breedin(, 

id nnce jou call'd me maatei for aa long. 

Hare ii mj hand ; jou ahalt from thii time be 

A aiiter } — you are d». 

Ay, ny lord, thi* nme i 
Bfadam, you have dm* ae wrong. 

iC if,.. 


eoiatlea are no goapali, ■ 

M. Op«n ilj aiMl n ' 

— By liba 1*4 Jtfadaai,- 
VB. now now 1 an Ibou mad 7 t. 

Oil No, madam, I do but read raadnen : nn 
boar lady^iip will baTe il aa il DU^I to b( , juu 

OIL Pr*ythee, read i'thy right wita. 
Oa. So 1 do, madeona; but to raad bia riehi 
wUt, ia lo (Tad thai : therefore perpend,* mj prin- 

Ok Read it tou, rirrah. I7b FaBiAn. 

At. [Readi] By the Lord, madam, aw uiong 

wu,aKd Itu laorU akaU fauna it: Umfh y~ Ann 

Fou can aay nona of Ihia ; Well, gniat it Ihen, 
And lall me, in Ihe modeilj ofhonour, 
^Thy yen hare given meeuchclear li^tiof brovrj 
Bade ma coma unilijii, and croaa-nitar'd to ymi, 
To put onrellow Blogkiogi, and tolrown 
Upon Sir Toby, and Iha liglilBr' people ; 
And, acting iKie in an Dbedienl hope, 
Why haTa you luffcr'd ma to be imprisoned, 
Kept in ■ duh houae, viiited by the prieal, 
And made the most noloriaui jecli,' and (uH, 
That e'er inrendon played on f tell ma why. 
00. Alai, Malroho, this ii not my wrilinf. 
Though, I confpta, much like the character; 
But, out of quaalioo, 'tie Haria'i hand. 
And now I do bethink me, it waa ihe 
Rnl told De, Ibou wait mad : then cam'M' D 

in iuch forma whic 
Upon thee in the letter. 
Tliti practice* haihmr 

nil cmtr mt, wl ham J tSe ingH a/mj 
wdt Bi jnv Iw^iUp. I hat 


of it. 

here ware preauppoa'd 
Pr'ythee, be cotileHl: 
hrewdly pan'd upon Ihaa 
But, when we know the irounda and aulhora ''* 
Thou ihalt be both the pbiniiff and Ihe judge 
or diine own cauae. 

Good madam, 

Tain I die conditioo of ihia pi 

h I haTe wond* 
Hoil freely I confeia 
Set thii derico agaiDit iu> 
Upon aome alubMra and a 
We had concaiT'd uainal I 
Hie letter, at Kr l^^i great imporlanca ;>' 

In recoimieoae whereol, he ha 
How wiih a aportAit muice il 
May rather pluck on laughter 

. Ifdialtheinjurieibeiiielly w 

.'■Thalbai - ■ ■■ 

ilh maiTted bar. 

{^^'^.I'f'^S'df'^ngM.arvcu, ■.:..-, o<i.Ala.,poorfool I hothaTelheybaJlled" th«il 
ir^ K^?^Sl"11."^'™"/f;f^; ■('?"■■ '"''I Cio. WhV%»ar,tort.,reM,.J«flJb™,™tf. 

8 nmt 1* here nndenlood ; ' ihin cam's Etaa In 

■ Praella \a a deceit, an InaUlmu Hraugam. So hi 
Ihe lnituc*in lo ihe Taming of the Shrew. 

'Sin, I wHlpraeb'Hon Ihli drunken man.' 

11 ^AedUcheaud. SeallMaonihellntScaiHot 




was one, sir. in this interlude ; one Bir Topas, sir ; 
bat that's aU one : — By Ike Jjordj fool, i am not 
mail. But do tou remember? Madamf tof^ Uatgh 
you mi mek a barren nssoof 7 an you male not, Ae** 
£agg*d : And thus the whirligig of time brings in 
his rBvenges. 

Afo^. ril be revenged on the idide pack of you. 


OH. He hath been most notoriously abds'd. 

Duke. Pursue him, and entreat him to a peace :^ 
He hath not told us of the captain yet ; 
When that is known and golaen time cooTents,' 
A solemn combination shul be made 
Of our dear souls.— Mean time, sweet sister, 
We will not part from hence— Cesario, come. 
For so YOU snail be, while you are a man ; 
Bttt^ when in other habits you are seen, 
Orsmo's mistress, and his nutcy's queen. [Exeunt. 


nb. When that I was a little tiny boy, 

With hey^ ho, the wind and the rain, 
A fboluh thing was but a toy. 
For the rain it raineth every day. 

But when I came to man's estate. 
With hey, bo, the wind and the rain, 

1 L e. Shall serve, agree, be conveniem. 

'Ckinst knaves and thiefw men shot llwir gate, 
For the rain it raineth evnry day. 

But when I came, alo ! to wive. 
With hey^ ho, the wind and the raoiy 

By swaggering could I never thrive. 
For the rain it raineth every day, 

Bat idien I came onto Biy bed. 

With hey, ho, the wind and tne ram. 
With toss-p««s still had drunken bead. 

For the rain it raineth every day. 

A great vrfiile ago the world beran, 
With hey. ho^ the wind and tae rain, 

But that's all one, our play is done, 
And well strive to please you every dav. 

This play is in the graver part elegant and easy, snd 
in some of the lighter scenes ezquiaicely humaroas 
Ague-cheek is drawn with great profsriecy , but his char- 
acter 18, in a great measure, that of natural fati^, and 
ia therefore not the proper prey of a satirisL The mA" 

cole merely by his pride. The marriage of Olivia, and 

loquy of MalvuUo is truly ranuc ; be Is betrayed to lidl- 
cole merely T 

the succeeoing perplexity, thou^ well enough oodtrtv- 
ed to divert on the stage, wants credibiUty, and ftils to 
produce the proper instruction required in the drama, 
as it exhibits no just picture of life. J0HN80X. 



CHAK8PEARE took the fable of this play from the 
•^ Promos and Cassandra of Oeor^e Whecstone, pub- 
lished, in 1578, of which this is ' The Argument.' 

'In the city of Julio (someiimos under the dominion 
of Corvinus King of Hungary and Bohemia,) there was 
a law, that what man soever committed adultery should 
lose his head, and the woman offender should wear 
some disguised apparel, during her life, to make her 
infamously noted. This severe law, by the favour of 
some merciful magistrate, became liule regarded, until 
the time of Lord Promos^s authority ; who convicting a 
young gentleman named Andrugio of incontinency, 
condemned both him and his minion to the execution of 
this statute. Andrugio had a very virtuous and beauti- 
ful gentlewoman to his sister, named Cassandra. Cas- 
autdra, to enlarge her brother's life, submitted an hum- 
ble petition to the Lord Promos. Promos regarding her 
good behaviour, and fantasying her great beauty, was 
much delighted with the sweet order of her tallt ; and 
doin^ good, that evil might come thereof, for a time he 
rejirieved her brother: but, wicked man, turning his 
liking into unlawful lust; he set down the spoil of her 
honotir. ransom for her brother's life : chaste Cassan- 
dra, abhorring both him and his suit, by no persuasion 
would yield u> this ransom. But in fine, won by the 
imponunity of her brother (pleading for life,) upon 
these conditions she agreed to Promos : First, toat he 
should pardon her brotner, and after marry her. Pro- 
mos, as fearless in promise, as careless in performance, 
with solemn vow signed her conditions ; but worse than 
acy infidel, his will satisfied, he performed neither the 
one nor the other : fur to iceep his authority unspotted 
with favour, and to prevent Cassandra's clamours, he 
commandecl the jailer secretly to present Cassandra 
with her brothers head. The jailer [touched] with the 
outcries of Andrugio (abhorring Promos's lewdness,) 
bv the providence of Ood provided thus for iiis safety. 
He presented Cassandra with a felon's head newly ex- 
ecuted ; who knew it not, being mangled, from her 
brother's (who was set at liberty by the jailer.) [She] 
was so aggrieved at this treachery, that, at the pomt to 
Kill herself, she spared that stroke to be avenged of 
Promos : and deviling a wav, she concluded, to make 
aer fortunes known to the King. She, executing this 
itiOlBlion, was so highly favoured of the king, that 

forthwith he hasted to do justice on Promos: 
iudgment was to marry Caasandra, to repair her erased. 
honour ; which done, for his heinous oflfence, he ahoukC 
lose his head. This marriage solemnized, Canandnu 
tied in the greatest bonds of aflfection to her huritand, 
became an earnest suitor for his life : the king tender- 
ing the general benefit of the commonweal before her 
special case, although he favoured her much, would 
not grant her suit. Andrugio (disguised among the 
company,) sorrowing the gnef of his sister, bewrayed 
his safety, and craved pardon. The king to renown 
the virtues of Cassandra, pardoned both him aiid Pr> 
mos. The circumstances of this rare history, in actkaL 
lively followeth.' 

Whetstone, however, has not afforded a very correct 
analysis of his play, which contains a miocture of comie 
scenes, between a bawd, a pimp, felons, Ibc. together 
with some serious situations which are not described. 
A hint, like a seed, is more or less prolific, according to 
the qualities of the soil on which it is thrown. Trh^ 
story, which in the hands of Whetstone produced littJtt 
more than barren insipidity, under the culture of Shak- 
speare became fertile of entertaimnenL The curiou* 
reader may see the old play of Promos and Caaeandnk 
among < Six old plays on which Shakspeare founded, 
&c.' published by Mr. Steevens, printed for 8. Leacroft, 
Channg Cross. The piece exhibits an almost cotnplet* 
embryo of Measure for Measure; yet the hints oo. 
which it is formed are so slight, that k is nearly as im- 
possible to detect them, as it is to point om in the aoom 
the future ramifications of the oak. The sUH-y origi- 
nally came from the < Hecatommithi' of Cinthio. Decad 
8, novel 5, and is repeated in the Tragic Histcolee oT 

" This play," says Mr. Hazlitt, « ia as full of eenlue 
as it is of^^ wisdom. Yet there is an original nn In tbs 
nature of the subject, which prevents us from taktaig » 
cordial interest in it. * The height of moral argument,* 
which the author has maintained in the intervals of 
passion, or blended with the more powerful impulses of 
nature, is hardly surpassed in any of his plays. Bus 
there is a general want of passion , the affections are at 
a stand ; our sympathies are repulsed and defeated in 
all directions." 
I Isabella is a lovely example of female furity wid sir 




tin : wMi mental energies of a Terr superior ktaid, the 
b placed in a eitaation to make trial of them all, and 
the flrmness wUh which her rirtue reaiata the appeal of 
natoral affection has eomething in it heroically sublime. 
The paasafes in which she encourages her Itfother to 
meet death with flrmness rather than dishonour, his 
bum of indignam passion on learning the price at wnlch 
his life mixhi be redeemed, and his subsequent clinging 
to lift, and desire that she would make the sacriflce re* 
quired, are among the finest dramatic passages of Shak- 
speare. What heightens th9> effect is that this scene 
follows the fine exhortation of the Duke in the charac* 
ler of the Friar about the little ralue of life, which had 
almost made Claudio 'reaoWed to die.* The comic 

parts of the play are Brelj and amusing, and the reck> 
less Bamaroine, * fearleaa of what*s |mu«, present, and 
to come,' is in tine contrast to the sentimentality of the 
other characters. Shakspeare " was a moralist in the 
same sense in which nature is one. He taught what he 
had learnt from her. He showed the greateet know- 
ledge of humanity with the greatest fellow feeling for 

Malone sunposes this play to have been written about 
the cloee of tne year 18(HL 

• Characters of 8hakspeare*s Plays, 9d ed. Londra, 
1818, p. UO. 


ViircEivTXO, Duke of Tlenna. 

Ahoxlo, Lord Deputy in the Dukt?$ abaenee, 

EacALUS. on andeni Jjord^ joined with Angelo in 

the Deputation, 
Claudio, a young Oentleman, 
Lucio, a Fantaatie. 
Two other like Gentlemen. 
Yarkius, a OentUmanf Servant to the Duke, 

A Jostice. 

Elbow, a datple Contlable, 

Faoth, afoolieh Oentleman, 
Clown, Servant to Mrs. Over-done. 
Abhorsoit, an JE^eeutioner. 
Barnardinx, a dieaohUe Priaoner. 

IsABXLLA, Staler to Claudio. 
Mariana, betrothed to An^lo. 
JuLiBT, beloved by Claudio. 
Francisca. a Nun, 
Mistress Otbr-doitx, a Bawd. 

Ijorda, Chntlemenj Ouardaf Ojleera, and oAer 

SCENE, Vienna. 


SCENE I. An Apartment in the Duke's Ptdooe. 
Enter DuKx, Escalus, Lords and Attendanta. 

Duke, Escalus.— 

Eaeal. IMhr lord. 

Duke, Of^govemment the properties to unfold. 
Would seem in me to affect speech and discourse ; 
Since I am put to know,' that your own science 
Exceeds, in that, the lists* of all adrice 
My strength can give you : Then no more remains 
BiU that to your sufficiency,' as your worth is 

And let them work. The nature of our people. 
Our city's institutions, and the terms 
For common justice, you are as pregnant* in. 
As art and practice hath enriched any 
That we remember : There is our commission, 
iVom which we would not hare you warp. — Call 

I say, bid come before us, Angelo.— 

[£xit an Attendant. 
What figure of us think you he will bear 7 
For you must know, we have with special soul 
Elected him our absence to supply ; 
Lent him our terror, drest him with our love ; 
And given his deputation all the organs 
Of our own power : What think you of it 7 

JBaeaL If any in Vienna be of worth 
To undergo such ample grace and honour, 
It IB lord Angelo. 

Enter AiroxLO. 


Look, where ha cornea. 

1 1. e. since I am eo placed aa to know. Mr. Stevens 
says h may mean, / am compelled to acknowledge. 
And U stances fh)m Henry VI. Ft. it. Sc 1. 

< had I first been put to speak my mind.* 

9 lAete are bounds. 

5 Some words seem to be lost here. The sense of 
which msy have been 

Then no more remabis 

Bot that to your sufficiency you join 

JS. zeal ae willing^ as your worth is able, 

And let them work. 

tkifieieney is akiU in government; aJbiUty to execute 

Us office. 
4 L e. ready in. 

6 So much ihy own property. 6 i. e. high punpoaes. 

7 Two negatives, not employed to make an ainnna> 

Ang, Always obedient to your grace's wall, 
I come to know your pleasure. 

Duke. Angelo, 

There is a kind of character in thy hfe. 
That, to the observer doth thy histor]r 
Fully unfold : Thyself and thy bdongings 
Are not thine own so proper,* as to waste 
Thyself upon thy virtues, them on thee. 
Heaven doth with us, as we with torches do ; 
N<^ light them for themselves : for if our virtues 
Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike 
As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely 

But to fine issues :' nor nature never lenda' 
The smallest scruple of her excellence, 
But like a thriAy goddess, she detennines 
Herself the glory of a creditor, 
Both thanks ana use.* But I do bend my speech 
To one that can my part in him advertise ;* 
Hold therefore. — ^Angelo ; 
In our remove, be thou at full oortelf ; 
Mortality and Mercy in Vienna 
Live in thy tongue and heart:*** Old EscahiB, 
7*hough first in question, is thy secondary : 
Take thy commission. 

Ang. Now, good my lord. 

Let there be some more test made of my metal. 
Before so noble and so great a figure 
Be stamp'd upon it. 

Duke, No more evasion : 

We have with a leaven'd** and prepared choice 
Proceeded to you ; therefore take your honours. 
Our haste fi'om hence is of so quick condition, 
That it prefers itself, and leaves unquestion'd 
Matters of needful value. We shall write to you. 

tive, are common in Shakspeare*s writings, so in Julius 

' Nor to no Roman else.* 

8 1. e. Nature requiree and allota to Aerse/fthe same 
advantages that creditors usually enjoy — thanke for the 
endowments she has bestowed, and extraordinary exer> 
tions in those whom she has favoured ; by way of mss 
(i. e. interest) for what she has lent. 

L e. to one who is already sufficiently conversant 
with the nature and duties of my^ office }— <of that qffiee 
which Ihave now delegated to him. 

10 i. e. I delegate to thv tongue the power of pro- 
nouncing sentence of death, anato thy heart the prlvf • 
lege of exercising mercy. 

11 A choice mature^ concocted, fermented; L e. DOi 
hasty, but considerate. 




diall importsBe, 

A»ti0M and our coBoenuBfli mau unporaiBe, 
How it fOM with at ; tad do look to know 
What dolh be&ll jToa liere. So, &re ]roa wdl ; 
To the bopofiii eseeotiQn do I loave ywi 

£^. Tet, give leave, my lord, 

Hiat we mj bnng joa aoinrthiiig on the way. 

ZMce. My haste may not adaiit it ; 
Nor need yoo on mine hoooor have to do 
With any ecraple : your aoopei b aa mine own; 
80 to enibrce or ijaamj the lawi^ 
AatoTooraoidaeeaia good. Chte me your hand ; 
rn pnrily away ; I lore the people, 
But do not like to stage me to their eres ; 
Tlioadi it do weO, I <m not retish well 
TlieiriotMl applause, and oms* rehement ; 
Nor do I think the man of safe diseretian. 
That does affect it. Once more, fiure you well. 

Anf, The heaTens giro safety to your purposes! 

JSimL Lead forth, and hriag yon back in hap- 

ZMbs. 1 thank you: Fare jTouwelL [EmL 

EmcoL I shall desire you, sir, to mre me leave 
To hare free speech with you ; ana itccmcems me 
To k)ok into the bottom or my place : 
A power I have; but of what strength and nature 
I am not yet instructed. 

AMg. 'TIS so with me :— Let us withdraw to- 
And we may soon our satisfiution have 
Touching that point. 

UteoL m wait upon your honour. 


SC£NE n. A StneL Enkr Lvoio antf fws 

own confession, leant to ben tby harith; bil| 
whilst I hve. forget to dridk after tbaa. 

1 OsnL 1 think,! h&vndMamyseirwnng; ban 
I not? 

f QmL Yea, that dMmhaat; wMher tho^vt 
tainted or fose. 

Imm. Bdiold, behold, where BftdaMHilififtia 
comes ! I have pnrefaased as naiiy Aaaaasi mim 
her rool^ as come l»» 

tOmiL To what, I pray 7 

1 QmL Judgs. 

f Gsitf . To Uuree thousand dollan ^ijear 

1 Qtnt* Ay, and more. 

iMfOo, A French crown more. 

1 QnL Thou art always figuring ^fiseaneainae: 
but thou art full of error ; I am sound. 

X«ao. Nay. not as one woukl say, healthy ; Vol 
so sound, as thinss that are hollow ; thy bones an 
hoUow : impiety has made a feast of then. 


1 Gent How now? Whkh of yoor Upa haa fit 
most profound sciatica ? 

Hoaod. Well, well ; there's one Toodnr arrsalil, 
and carried to prison, was worth five flww a i d m 
you alU 

1 QtMt. Who's that. I pray thee? 

Bwod, Marry, sir, that's CUndio, signior CImk 

1 QmL Clandio to prison ! 'tis not so. 


If the duksy with the other dukes, come 
not to composition with the king of Hungary, why, 
then all the dukea foil upon the long. 

1 QmL Heaven grant na its peace, but not the 
king of Hungary's ! 

% QmL iunen. 

Imoo. Thou condudest like the sanctimonious 
pirate, that went to sea with the ten command- 
nwnts. but scraped one out of the table. 

2 (rent. Thou shalt not steal 7 
Laum, Av, that be razed. 

1 GenL Why^ 'twas a commandment to com- 
mand the captam and all the rest from their fiino- 
tions ; they put forth to steal : There's not a sol- 
dMr <M us all, that^ in the thanksgiving before meat, 
doth relish the petition well that prays for peace. 

2 (}cnL 1 never heard any soloier dislike iL 
Ludo. I believe thee ; for I think, thou 

wast where grace was said. 

2 GtnL No7 a dosen times at least. 

1 GenL What? in metre? 

LMeio. In any proportion,* or in any language. 

1 Oent. I think, or in any reli^on. 

Ludo* Ay ! why not? Giace is grace, despite of 
all controversy : As for example ; Thou thyself art 
a wicked villain, despite of all grace. 

I OenL Well, there went but a pair of shears 
between us.* 

Ludo. I grant ; as there may between the lists 
and the velvet : Thou art the list. 

1 Oent. And thou the velvet : thou art good vel- 
vet ; thou art a three-pil*d piece, I warrant thee : I 
had as lief be a list of an English kersey, as be 
pil'd, as thou art pil'd, for a French velveL* Do I 
speak feelingly now ? 

Ijudo. 1 Utmk thou dost ; and, indeed, with most 
painful feeling of thy spee^ : I will, out of thine 

I Seop^ Is extent of power. 9 Ave* are halllngs. 

S I. e. measure. 4 we are both of the same piece. 

f * Pit*d, fbr a French velvet.' — Velrei was esteemed 
aeeordinf to the richness of the pile : three-pll>d was 
lbs richesL But pitd also means bald. The Jest al- 
ludes to the loss or bair In the French disease. Lucio, 
finding the Gentleman understands the distemper so 

Bawd. Nay, but I know, tia so; I warn hima^ 
rested ; saw mm carried away ; and which iamon^ 
within these three days his iiead'a to be chopped 

I Imoo, But, after all thia fboUng, I Arnold not 
Ihaveitso: art thou sure of this? 

Bmod. I am too sure of it: and it ia for gelling 
madam Julietta with child. 

Lmoo. Believe me^ this may be: he promised to 
meet me two hours smce ; and he was 
in promise-keeping. 

i Qem, Besides, you know, it dmwa 
near to die speedi we had to such a purpose. 

1 CtmL But most of all, agreeing witn the pro* 

Lmdo. Away ; let's go learn the truth of it. 

[Exeunt Lucio and Gentiemso. 

Bawd. Thus^ what with the war, what with the 
sweat,* what with the gallows, and what with po- 
verty, I am custom-shrunk. Elow now? what's dit 
news with you 7 

Enter Clown. 

CUh, Tender man u carried to priaon. 

Bawd. Well ; what has he done ? 

Clo. A wonum. 

Bawd. But what's his offence ? 

Clo. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river. 

Bawd. What, is there a maid with child hy himi 

Clo. No ; but there's a woman with nmid by 
him : You have not heard of the proclamation, have 

Bawd. What proclamation, man ? 

Clo. All houses in the suburbs of Yienna nmst 
be plucked down. 

Bawd. And what shall become of tboao m tho 

Clo, They shall stand for seed : they had gone 
down too, but that a wise burgher put in for them. 

Bawd. But shall all our houses of resort in the 
suburbs be pulled down 7' 
Clo. To the ground, nustress. 

Bawd, Why, here's a change, indeed, in tha 
commonwealth ! What shall beoome of me? 

well, and mentions it eofeelinglyy promises to remem* 
bsr ts drink his Aeo/O, but to forge 

fori^ to drink qfter him. 

In old times the cup of an infected person was thought 
to be conta^ous. 

8 The tweatj the consequences of the curative pro- 
cess then used for a certain disease 

7 In one of the Scotch Laws of James it is ordeied, 
* that common women be put at the utmost endos of 
townes, queire least peril of^flre is.* — It is remackabia 
that the licensed housea of rewrt at Vienna, are at this 
time all In the suburbs, under the perndsskiii of iha 
Committee of Chastity. 





Go. Come, fear not jou ; good ooanseUon Itdc 
DO clients : though you change your piaoe, you need 
Dot change vour drmde ; FU ha yoor tapater atilL 
Courage ; tnere will he pi^ taken on you : you that 
have worn your eves almost oat in the aenrice, you 
will be eooaiderecL 

Bawd. What's to do here, TlioiBaa Tapster? 
Liet's withdraw. 

Ch, Here comes signior Clandio. led by the pro- 
Tost to prison : and there's madam Juhet. [Exwnt. 

8CENE m. Th§§tme. Enter Frwnmt^^ Claxj- 
Dio, Juliet, and Officers ; Lucio and two Gen- 

Claud. Fellow, why dost thou riiow me thus to 
the world? 
Bear me to pnson where I am eommitted. 

Prov, I do it not in evil disposition, 
But from lord Angelo by special charge. 

Ctand. Thos can the dem»-^od, Authori^, 
Make us pay down for our ofience by weight.— 
The wonu of heaven ;— on whom it will, it will ; 
Ob whom it will not, so ; yet still 'tis just.* 

Lmoo, Why, how now, Claudio? wnence comes 
this restraint i 

Cimid. From toomuch liberty, my Lucio, liber^; 
As surfeit is the &ther of much fast, 
80 every scope by the immoderate use 
Toms to resiraipt : Oor natures do pursue, 
I Like rats that ravin* down their proper bane) 
A thirsty evil ; and when we driniE, we die.* 

Xaiao. If I cooM speak so wisely under an arrest, 
I would smid for certain of my creditors : And yet, 
to say the truth, I had as lief have the foppery of 
freedom, as the morality of imprisonment.— Wha^s 
tl^ offen ce. C laudio ? 

Claud. What, but to speak o^ would offMid again. 

jA$eio, What is it ? mwder ? 

Claud. No. 

Lmoo. Lechery? 

etoud. CaU it so. 

Prov, Away, sir : you must go. 

Claud. One woro, good friend :^Lnoio, a word 
with you. [TViJicet Am atide. 

Laum. a hundred if they'll do you any good.— 
Is lechery so look'd after ? 

Claud, Thus stands it with me :— Upon a true 
I got possession of Julietta's bed ;* 
Tou know the ladv ; she is fast my wife, 
Save that we do the denunciation lack 
Of outward order : this we came not to, 
Only for propagation* of a dower 
Remaining in the coffer of her friends ; 
From whom we thouffht it meet to hide our love. 
Till time had made them for us. But it chances. 
The stealth of our most mutual entertainment. 
With character too gross, is writ on Jutiet. 

Xjudo. With child, perhaps ? 

Claud, Unhappily, even so. 
And the new deputjr now for the duke,— 
Whether it be the fault and glimpse of newness ; 
Or whether that the body public oe 
A horse whereon the governor doth ride, 
Who, newly in the seat, that it may know 

1 i.e.* gaoler. 

S Aochority being absolute in Angelo, is finely styled 
by Claudio, the demigody whose decrees are as little to 
be questioned as the ttord* 0/ hearten. The poet al> 
lodes to a passage in 8t. Paul's EpisC. to the Romans, 
ch. ix. ▼. 15—18 : < I will hare mercy on whom I will 
have mercy.' 

5 To ravin is to voraciously devour. 

4 80, in Chapman's Revenge for Honour : 

* Like poiaon'd rats, which, iHien theynre swaUowed 
The pleasing bane, rest not until they drinkj 

Axid can rrat then much less, until they bursL 

6 This speech is sivelv coo indelicate to be spoken 
eooceming Juliet before her face. Claudio may there* 
fbie be supposed to speak to Lucio apart. 

8 This singular mode of expression has not been sa> 
tiafactorily explained. The old sense of the word is 

* promoting, inlarging. Increasing, spreading.' It ap- 
pears that Claudio wooM say : * for the sake of prvmol- 

He can command, lets it straight foel the spur : 

Whether the tyranny be in his place, 

Or in his eminence that fills it vap, 

I stasger in :— But this new governor 

Awakes me all the enrolled penalties, 

Which have, like unscour'd armour, hung by the wmll 

So long, that nineteen zodiacks* have gone round, 

And none of them been worn : andL for a name, 

Now puts the drowsy and neglectea act 

Freshly on me :— 'tis surely, for a name. 

Imoo, I warrant, it is : and thy head stands so 
tickle* on thy shoulders, that a milk-maid, if she 
be in love, majr sigh it off. Send after the duke, 
and appeal to him. 

Claud. I have done so, but he's not to be found. 
Ipr'ythee, Lucio, do me this kind service : 
Tnis day my sister should the cloister enter, 
And there receive her approbation :* 
Acquaint her with the danger of my state j 
Implore her, in my voice, tnat she make mends 
To the strict depi^ ; bia herseLT assay him ; 
I have ^eat hope m that : for in her youth 
There is a prone* <* and speechless (Ualect, . 
Such as moves men; besides, she hath pr o sperous 

When she wiD play with reason and discourse. 
And well she can persuade. 

iMeio. I pray, sne may : as well for the encou- 
ra^fement or the like, which else would stand under 
grievous imposition ; as for the enioyinff of thy lifo. 
who I would be soiry should be thus molishly lost 
at a game of tick-Uek.> * PU to her. 

Claud, I thank you. good friend Ludo. 

Lmoo. Within two oours, ■ ■ 

CUmd. Come, officer, away. \Exetad. 

SCENE IV. AMomMtioy, Enkrl>un and 
Friar Thomas. 

Duke. No ; holy Father : throw away that thought ; 
Believe not that the dribbling dart or love 
Can pierce a complete bosom:** why I desire thee 
To give me secret harbour, hath a purpose 
More grave and wrinkled than the aims and ends 
Of buraing youth. 

Pri' May yoin* grace speak of it ? 

Duke. My holy sir, none better knows than yon 
How I have ever lov'd the life remov'd :** 
And held in idle price to haunt assemblies. 
Where youth, ana cost, and witless bravery keeps.'* 
I have delivered to lord Anf elo 
(A man of stricture'* and firm abstinence,) 
My absolute power and place here in Vienna, 
And he supposes me travell'd to Poland ; 
For so I have strew'd it in the common ear. 
And so it is receiv'd : Now, pious sir| 
Tou will demand of me, ^y I do this? 

Fri. Gladly, my lord. 

Duke, We nave strict statutes and most biting 
(The needful oits and curbs for headstrong steeds,) 
Which for these fourteen years we have let sleep ; 
Even like an o'ergrown lion in a cave. 
Tliat goes not out to prey : Now, as fond fiithers. 
Having bound up the threat'nins twin of birch. 
Only to stidc it m their childrenwi ■ip'^ 

tfi^ such a dower as her friends might heareafter be- 
stow on her, when time had reconciled them to her 
clandestine marriage.' The verb is as obscurely used 
by Chapman In the Sixteenth book of the Odyssey : 
*to try If we 

Alone may pn^HMgate to victory 

Our bold encounters.* 
Shakspeare uses ' To propagate their states,' for to tm« 
prove or promote their condsuons, in Timon of Athens, 
Act I. 8c 1. 
7 Zodiaeoy yearly drcles. 8 Tickle, for ticklish. 

9 i. e. enter on her noviciate or probatum. 

10 PronCf \b prompt or rea^. 

11 Jouerau Irienrocls used in French fai a wanton 

13 ' A coinplete bosom' is a bosom completely armed. 
18 i. e. retired. 

14 Bravery Is showy dress. KetM. I e. rssMss. 
If Strlcturs } strictnsss. 

AhI 1Ab» plnik* MMks hj iha ■«■ ; 
TW tab* bnu Aa ■■*, (^ ^u a^nct 

JMk. I*>l«w,ioo * ««il M i 
Klk tna n fcidlla ■»• tka paafla acna, 
TmaM W w IjnnT IB Mrihaw a^ ^ <kM 
PurvtailUibndit: Forva bid fia U Aooa, 
WkM anl 4a*da kua thaa- HnoMM pas, 
._. — ^ u ._ tfcen*^ -J—t — 

..^TBaih , 

Bom 1 Bat iaiailli IB Hmia teat aa 
UkaamifiW. lbnrau«biU*«: 
AloarBon loam ahalll caadacjea; 
Oaly, <Ua OH : — Lai Aafala ia pndaa ; 
Suab al a aaaid' with •■tt; acana cad 
That hk blood ton, 0( dial Ua appadu 
la man to knad (tea fUO* : Haac ■■•■>■ 
ITpoww diuge pvptae, what «b i 


Aat. And ban na dob* do (vthar pfiriUcea 7 
JVo. Ansstl&aaalaneeBoa^T 
A4. Teamlj; I iMik not ai dannag man ; 
Bui imike- -^ "^ — —— 

Hot Peuebi 

a ToUrina of Saint Clan. 
ginlhupIaoT [IFiAit. 
saaih Wbo^a thai which calld t 

fVo. Il ii a ou'b nicB : Gealla UsbellK, 
Tuni you iho knj, and know hii buBom of lum ; 
You may, I nuj ooi ; you ace jet oiwwoni : 
"Whrn you haie vow'd, you musl not ipcak wilh mtn, 
Bui ia the prcHoce ofHtB prioicu : 
Thon, iTyou ipeak, jou must noi ihow yoor f»ce j 
Or, iryou ihow your Tace, you mull Dot ipcak. 
H. call. «.iD ; I p™, you, "^;,''™;^^,,^^ 
faai. Peatti and proiperity ! Whou't ±ai taital 

£Wr Lncio. 
liujo. Hail,Tirgiji,ifyoube; uUioae check- iwei 

At biiDi; mD lo Iha li^t nriub^lll, 
ADorieeoflhii place, and the Aiir uiler 
To her unhappy brolher Claudio? 

/fat. Why IttT unhappy brother 7 let me aak ; 
The lalher, for 1 now mml make you know 
I am that lubella, and hu liilei. 

Liiaa. Oenlle and liir, your broiherkindlygmu 

Sol ia b« wearT «riih yoii, ho'i in priion. 
Aai. Woome! For -hat 7 
Oiat. Fdi thai, which, if myielT might be hii 


laiiLDDMWictak. Kin«7^3^* 

■udM! ^ 

ToB knd«- iKl hB lonH hna adncM .■ 
AaAoaatbaIfeadp«<rfidl; mU^K^^^m, 
■n« froa Ika aaa&aaa Iha Un blowMM 

Enmaelb bia U lilh* aaj baC^^ 

EH. niabiWHiM. 

T1>a diAa ia VMT Mnifily gne A«K hava j 
Bon Bway fUa»»a, ^aa l fbaiag aaaL 
I.haDd.^hapeid'aaiBa: h«m4^bM 
'- -"-eaa ihat koow the Taif MTTM olTMaM^ 
niDfa aa wen rfas a&JM ifiiUMn 
hi* inw aifat diaiga Opus hM nhoi 
■ilk faU liDa* ef hit wHlHtilj^ 
nalMd Aualo; xmtm, vinnUagd 
TBM-tmb; sMtriMMnrfeak 
Tlw wantoa ali»8 aad taeboBa ef iba aaHs: 
But dolk rekaU^aad Unl hi* aainnl mimt 
Wiih pra6ta cTlhe mmd, atodT aaj ftaL 
He (lo«itoft*rtonaa"aadlibart*, 
WhiiA tan, fat Vat, ran bj the hiiiBaM 1««, 
Aa Bieg fay bo^) halh piif d OM an act, 
Culac whoaa beaTT aenn jam hnlker^ Eia 
Fall* iDIo lotMt : be aireala bin OB il I 
And fUlowB eloae the rifoor of ibe atatntc, 
Td DakE him an cumple : all hope ia pooe, 
Unl*M Tou hmiB the fTU*^ ' by your bir prayn 
To fofl™ Anptlo ; And Ihat'a my pilh 
Of buiiiKMi 'iwut you ud yeui poor brodHr. 
ftoi. Dolb be u Kok hia life f 
Zand, Haa ccnam'd" kaA 

Already : and, aa I hear, the nroroai balh 
A warV^I feeU eiecution. 

JmA, Alaa < what poor aluhly'i m me 
To do bin good? 

Ijiao. AaaaT tlie power you ban. 

IkA, Hy power ! Alu 1 I doubi, — 
Lmoc. Our doiibta an UvUva, 

And make in lose the good we oft might win. 
By fearing to auempt : Go lo Lord Angclo^ 

Men giie hke godi ; but when they *e«| 
All [heir peliliona ire u freely lh«n 
Aa they ihemeelrei would owe'* Ibem. 

/■si. ni aee what I can do. 

Sjuda. But if 

Jn6. 1 will about it itraighl ; 

fha tnKndallon k 

'rylnilnihEri^acn. Thl« WMformaclTihi! >ubjrti 
•jfainmli, 'The lanwint cit*i ntoH.fanIieM fnidi 
lirrnM,' I. •.In^/ar/RMiAearL Bo,lnTboCD> 

< TWai^rv/M«fiL4 tbur 
TTUMIiUUafi. «oUi 

II L e. power of fiinlnr fttour. 
13 Taemwniilotuilf'. ThiiiithB poM-a gntal 
mulling fur Ihe word, bul Ike ediun haii glnn Urn 

It To (Wf !• tci An 



per lUTinK but to gire th« mother* 
dtmj afikir. I humbly thank you : 
nd me to my brother : soon at night 
I him certain word of my miccen. 
K I take my leave of you. 

Good nr, adieu. 


E I. ^ HaU in Angelo's ifoMe. EnUr 
CLO, EscALua, a JusUco, Provost,* Officers, 

We most not make a scare-crow of the law, 
it up to fear* the birds of prey, 
it keep one shape, till custom make it 
srcfa, and not their terror. 

Ay, but yet 
le keen, and rather cut a Uttle, 
U,^ and bruise to death : Alas ! tlus gentle- 
[ would save, had a most noble father. 
your honour know,* 
I believe to be most strait in virtue,) 
the working of your own affections, 
e coheHd* with place, or place with wishing, 
the reeolute >ctuif otyour blood 
ive attainM the effect of ^our own purpose, 
r Tou had not sometime m your life 
tnis point which now you censure him,* 
*d the law upon you. 
Tis one thing to be tempted, Escalus, 
thmg io falL I not deny, 
', passing on the prisoners life, 
the sworn twelve, have a thief or two 
than him they try : What's open made to 

lice seizes. What know the laws, 
9ves do pass' on thieves 7 'Tis very preg- 

il that we find, wc stoop and take it, 
we see it ; but what we do not see, 
1 upon, and never think of it. 
' not so extenuate his offence, 
lave had such faults ; but rather teU me, 
that censure him, do so offend, 
own judgment pattern out my death, 
ing come in partial. Sir, he must die. 
Be it as your wisdom will. 

Where is the provost ? 
Here, if it like your honour. 

See that Claudio 
ted by nine t<^morrow morning : 
1 his confessor, let him be prepared ; 
I the utmost of^his pilgrimage. 

[Exit Provost. 
Well, heaven forgive him ; and forgive us 

t by sin, and some by virtue fall : ' * 
from brakes'^ of vice, and answer none ; 
) condemned for a fault alone. 

Clbow, Froth, Clown, Officers, ^. 

ome, brin<; them away ; if these be good 
a common-weal, that do nothing but use 

e abbess. 

I of sheriff or jailer, so called in forei^ coun> 

T is to afirighL 

row down ; to fall a tree is still used for to 

examine. 6 i. e. suited. 

aplete tlie sense of this line for seems to be 
-* which now yo»i censure Kim for.* But 
B frequently uses elliptical expressions, 
forensic term, signifying to pass Judgmentf 

f force or conviction, or full of proof in it- 

I Othello, Act ii. Sc. 1, * As it is a motttpre^. 

nforc*d p(»siUon/ 

mte I have had such faults. 

line is printed in kalicd as a quotation in the 

their abases in common hooaea, I know do law ; 
brinff them away. 

JMg* How now. air ! What's your name 7 and 
what's the matter? 

EUt, If it please your honour, I am the poor 
duke's conatable, and my name is Elbow ; I do lean 
upon justice, sir, and do bring in here before your 
good honour two notorious benefiictors. 

Ang, Benefactors ! Well ; what benefactors are 
they 7 are they not malefitctors 7 

Jew. If it please your honour, I know not well 
what they are : but precise villains they are, that I 
am sure of: and void of aU profanation m the world, 
that good oiristians ought to have. 

EscaL This comes off wellj * * here's a wise officer. 

Ang, Go to : What quality are they of? Elbow 
is your name ? Why dost thou not speak, Elbow 7 

Clo, He cannot, sir ; he's out at elbow. 

Ang, What are you, sir ? 

Elb. He, sir 7 a tapster, sir ; parcel-bawd ; one 
that serves a bad woman j whose house, sir, was 
as they say, plucked down m the suburbs ; and now 
she professes* * a hot-house, which, I think, is a very 
ill house too. 

Eaeal. How know you that ? 

Elb. My wife, sir, whom I detest** before hea- 
ven and your honour,— 

EteaL How! thy wife? 

Elb, Ay, sir ; wnom, I thank heaven, b an ho- 
nest woman,— 

EteaL Dost thou detest her therefore ? 

Elb. I say, sir. I will detest myself also, as well 
as she, that uiis nouse, if it be not a bawd's house, 
it is pitv of her life, for it is a naughty house. 

EfcaL How doet thou know that constaUe 7 

Elb. Marry, sir, b^ my wife ; who, if she had 
been a woman cardinally given, micht have been 
accused in fornication, adultery, and all undeanli* 
ness tbere. 

E»caL By the woman's means 7 

Elb. Ay, sir^ b^ mistress Over-done's means . 
but as she spit m his face, so she defied him. 

Clo, Sir, if it please your honour, this is not so. 

Elb, Prove it before these varlets here, thou ho- 
nourable man, prove iu 

Escal. Do you hear how he misplaces ? 

[Tb AnoKLO. 

Clo. Sir, she came in great with child ; and long- 
ing (saving your honour's reverence.) for stewTd 
prunes :'* sir, we had but two in the house, which 
at that very distant time stood, as it were, in a fruit- 
dish, a dish of some three pence ; your honours 
have seen such dishes ; they are not China dishes, 
but very good dishes. 

Esau. Go to, ffo to : no matter for the dish, sir. 

Clo. No indeed, sir. not of a pin ; you are therein 
in the risht : but to the point : As I say, this mis- 
tress Elbow, being, as I say, with child, and being 
great belly'd. and lon^^ng, as I said, for prunes ; 
and having but two m a dish, as I said, master 
Froth here, this very man having eaten the rest, as 
I said, and, as I say, paying for them very honest- 
\y }— for, as you know, master Froth, I cou'd not 
give you three pence again. 

Fivth, No, indeed. 

13 The first folio here reads — * Some run from brakes 
of ice.* The correction was made by Rowe. Braicet 
most probably here si^ify thorny perplexities ; b« a 
brtUce wss also used to signify a trap or snare. Thus 
in 8kelton*s ElUnour Rummin : 

' It was a stale to take — the devil in a brake,* 
And in Holland's Leaguer, a Comedy, by Sh. Marmion. 

* her 1*11 make 

A stale to catch this courtier in a brake.* 
There can be no allusion to the instrument of torture 
mentioned by Steevens. A brake seems to have signi> 
fled an engine or instrument in general. 

18 i. e. is well told. The meaninx of this phrase, when 
seriously applied to sueech, is * This is well delivered,* 
' this sfiry is well told.* But in the present instance it 
is used ironically. 

14 Professes a hot house, i. e. keeps a bagnio. 

15 Detest, for protest, or attest 

16 A favourite dish, ancienUy common in brothaJa 


yW PUJB^ flMII| n yOQ 09 Ffr* 

cnckiBg die wtanm of the 

IVid. Aj, eo I did, indead. 

Cb, Whj, TefT wen : I telfiaf tm then, if yoa 
be mBember'd, tW toch a one, mad such a oae, 
wre past core of tbe thinf too wot o^unlMstliey 
kept Tefj ffood diet, as I toU jon. 

^vtft. All this it true. 

CSb. Why, Terj well then. 

EteaL Come, yoa are a tediooe Ibol: to the 
porpoee,— What was done to Elbow^ wife, that 
be oath cause to mnmlsin of? Come me to what 
was done to her. 

Cfe. Sr, joor honour camiot come to that yet. 

JS»mL NO| sir, nor I mean it not. 

€^. Sir, but you Aaii come to it, by your ho- 
nour's leaire : And, Iheseeeh you, lookmio master 
Froth here, sir : a man of feuncore pound a year ; 
whose fether died at Hallowmas t—Was't not at 
Hallowmas, master Froth 7 

PndL A]l-honaad> ere. 

Oh, Why, rery well ; I hope here be truths : 
He, sir, sitting, as I sai^ in a lower* chair, rir ;— 
Hwas in the Stmek tf Orofetf where, indeed, jfou 
Save a delicfat to sit : Hare you not? 

P^rotlL I have so ; because it is an open room, 
andgood for winter. 

Cw. Why, Tory wdl then: — I hope here be 

Ang, This wiU last out a ni^t in Russia, 
When nights are longeftt there : FU take my teave, 
And leave you to the hearing of the cause ; 
Hoping yooll find good cause to whip them alL 

JSmML I think no less ; Qood morrow to your 
^ lordship. [Esk Avoxlo. 

Now, sir, come on : What was done to Elbow's 
wife, once more? 

Ch, Once, sir? there was nothing done to her 

EA, I beseech you, 8ir| ask him what this man 
d&d to my wife. 

do. I beseech your honour, adc me. 

EwcaL Well, sir : What did this gentleman to 

Clo, I beseech you, sir. look in this eentleman's 
fiwe : — Good master Froth, look upon his honour ; 
'tn for a good purpose : Doth your honour mark 
his face? 

EmcoL Ay, sir, rery well. 

Cfo. Nay, I beseech you, mark it well. 

E$oaL Well, I do so. 

Ch, Doth your honour see any harm in his fece ? 

EweaL Why, no. 

Cio. ni be supposed upon a book, his face is the 
worst thing about nim : Good then : if his face be 
the worst thing about him, how could master Froth 
do the coDstablo^s wife any harm ? I would know 
that of Toor honour. 

EaeaL He's in the right : Constable, what say 
you to it 7 

Elb, First, an it like you, the house is a respectF- 
ed house : next, this is a respected fellow ; and 
his mistress is a respected woman. 

Clo. By this hand, sir, his wife is a more re- 
q>ected person than sny of us all. 

Elb. V arlet, thou liest ; thou liest, wicked Tarlet : 
the time is yet to come, that she was ever respect- 
ed with man, woman, or child. 

Clo, Sir^ ^e was respected with him before he 
married with her. 

EteaL Which is the wiser here? Justice, or Ini- 
quity ?» Is this true ? 

Elb. O thou caitiff! O thou varlet ! O thou 
wicked Hannibal ! I respected with her, before I 
was married to her? If ever I was respected with 
her, or she with me, let not your worship think me 

the poor dvans 

" ~ or n havt 


1 JUl-hnltand £r^, the Ere of All Saints' day. 

2 Ev.'ry hon«c hail formerly what was called a low 
eAair. dcii^nfii fnr th« ease of sick people, and occa- 
skMuUy ocrupi»Hl by lazy ones. 

S L e. oou«sble or ckiwn 

EmmL IfhatoakytmabQKd^tV Mr,7Miiri^ 
iTO joar actioB otdamittr too. 


', I thank your good swifihip ftril; 

What b't your woffBhqii'B pleanre 
this wicked cai ' 



EwemL Truly, officer, becaoao he has toms i^ 
fences in hiss, that wn woiddst diaoofcr if An 
coiddst, let him contiBoe a boa coaaaa tiU An 
know'st what they are. 

EO: Marry^ I thank mr woraUp Ifar it^-nn 
see'st, thou wicked var let now, wbat'la cobs mn 

thee; thou ait to cootiMa bow, tkaa vaitot ; ttn 
art to continae. 

j C tw nm t TV nero wore yvm Don^ BnHKi f 

/Vstt. Hero in Yienna, air. 

EwemL Are youof fbaneoropooBdaaynr? 
JVetJk. Yea, andH pleaoo yoo, air. 
EaeaL So.^What trade are yoa o£ w7 


do. A tapater ; a poor widow's tapotor. 

fseol. YdwaustiWaiiaBO? ^^ 

Cis. Mistraas Ofor-dooe. 

EtmL Hath she had any mora than OBo I 

Cto. Nina, air; Orer-doao hj tbo laaL 

£seal. Nmel— Come hither to nw^ tm^ 
Froth. Master Froth, I would att Iwroytaae- 
quaiated with tapsters: they will dnsr yoo^ ; 
Froth, and you will hang theai: Ooi jm 
and let ase hear oo more « Tpo* 

Frotk» I thank your worahip; for ■■MowBpnt 
I ncTer come into any toon ia a t^rimoM^ kit 1 
am drawn m. 

JBsoaL WeU; iiomoreofit,maatar FVo«fa:ftr^ 
well. [EmI F^otk.1— Coom yoo kilbar to mtk 
master tapster; irhat^ jrmr naan^ — laiw tajff 

GIs. Pbmpe y . 

EicaL What else? 

Clo. BuBi, air. 

fseoL Trotk and your bun iathogiroalaittkiif 
about you : ao that, in the beasttteat oa— e^ you aia 
Pompey the great. Poospey, you are pardy a 
bawo, Pompey, howsoever you ocdonr it in beiag a 
tapster. Are you not ? come, tell bm tme; itdvll 
be the better for you. 

CUk Truly, sir, I am a poor fellow, that wndd 

Eteal. How would you live, Pompey ? by being 
a bawd 7 What do you think of the traois, PoaapeTi 
is it a lawful trade ? 

Clo. If the law would allow it, air? 

Eaeal. But the law will not allow it, Pompey ; 
nor it shall not be allowed in Vienna. 

Clo. Does your worship mean to geld and qay 
all the youth m the city ? 

Escal. No, Pompey. 

Clo. Truly, sir, in my poor opinion, ther wiU tfl\ 
then: If your worship will take oraer^ for the 
drabs and the knaves, you need not to fi»arths 

EteaL There are pretty orders bepnning, I can 
tell you : It is but heading and hanging. 

Cfo. If you head ana hang all that offend that 
way but for ten year together, you'll be alad to give 
out a commission for more heads. If this law htdd 
in Vienna ten year, FU rent the fairest house in it, 
after three pence a bay :* if you live to see this 
come to pan, say, Pompey told you so. 

Etoal. Thank you, good Pompey: and. in re- 
quital of your prophecy, hark you,—] advise yon, 
let me not find you before me again upon any ooss- 
plaint whatsoever, no, not for dwelling where voa 
do ; if I do Pompey, I shall beat you to your tent, 

4 To take.ordtr win ttMkfmeeuurtB^ or precautioDS. 

6 A bay is a principal division in buildhig, as a bttm 
of three bays is a barn twice crossed by beams. Colef 
in his Latin Dictionarj defines *a bay of buil(Ihi|r, nun* 
sura 94 pedum.^ Houses appear to have been frsiimaiml 
by the number of bays. 



ttnd prove a ihrvwd CiMtr to joo ; fai plain deal- 
iof, roinpey, I ■ball have tou whipt : «> lor this 
tima. PompeT, &re jou well. 

Ob. I thank your worship for your cood ooonsel : 
bat I shall follow it as the flesh aad fortune shall 
better determine. 

Whip me? No, no ; let carman whip his jade ; 
The Taliant heart's not whipt out of nis tiade. 


JBsoaL Come hither to me, master Elbow ; come 
hither, master Constable. How long have jou been 
IB this place of constable ? 

JSlb, Seven year and a hal^ sir. 

JEsool. I thought, by your readiness in the office, 
you had continued in it some time : Ton say, seven 
joars together 7 

JBtb, And a haJf^ sir. 

EmoU. Alas ! it hath been great pains to you ! 
They do you wrong to put yon so on upon't : Are 
there not men in your ward sufficient to serve it 7 

£lb. Faith, sir, few of any wit in such matters : 
■■ they are cooeen, they are glad to choose me for 
them : I do it for some piece of muney, and go 
through with all. 

^ JS§eal. Look you, brine me in the names of some 
■Ix or seven, the most sufficient of jrour parish. 

£!Zb. To your worship's house, sir 7 

£wJL To my house : Fare you welL [Exit El* 
BOW.] What's o'clock, think you 7 

JutL Eleven, sir. 

JSmoL l~pn.y you home to dinner with me. 

Juk. I humbly thank you. 

JEseaL It grieves me mr the death of Claudio; 
But there's no remei^. 

JutL Lord Angelo is severe. 

EteaL It is but needful : 

Bler^ is not itself that oil looks so ; 
Paidon is still ^e nurse of second woe : 
But yet, — ^Poor Claudio!— There's no remedy. 
Come, sir. [Exemd, 

SCENE n. JnoOter Room m the some. Enter 
Provost and a Servant. 

Serv, He's hearing of a cause; he will come 
m teU him ofyou. 

Prov. Pray you, do. [Exit Servant.] Ill know 
Hb pleasure : may be, he will relent : Alas, 
He hath but as ofiended in a dream ! 
AD sects, all ages smack of this vice : and he 
To die for it!— 

Enter Aitoklo. 

Ang, Now, what's the matter, provost 7 

JProe. Is it your will Claudio shall die to-morrow 7 

Ang» Did I not tell thee, yea 7 hadst thou not 
order 7 
Why dost thou ask again 7 

Prev. Lest I might be too rash: 

Under your good correction, I have seen, 
When, after execution, judgment hath 
Repented o'er his doom. 

Ang. Oo to ; let that be mine : 

Do vou your office, or give op your place, 
Ana you shall well be spar'd. 

IVov. I crave your honour's pardon^— • 

What shaQ be done, sir, with the groamng Juliet? 
She's very near her hour. 

Ang, Dispose of her 

To some more fitter place : ana that with speed. 
jR«-en/cr Servant. 

Serv, Here is the sister of the man condemn'd, 
Desires access to you. 

Ang. Hath he a sister 7 

Prov. Ay. my good lord ; a very virtuous maid, 
And to be snortly of a sisterhood. 
If not ahready. 

Jbtg. Well, let her be admitted. 

[Esit Servant. 

1 L e. let my brothers fault die or be e:rorpated, but 
111 not him suffer. 

S L e. * to pronounce the fine or sentence of the law 
apon the crime, and let the de/iyi^wenl escape > 


See you the fomicairess be remov'd : ' 
Let ber have needful, but not lavish, means ; 
There shall be order for iL 

Enter Lucio and Isabella. 

Prov. Save your honour 7 [Offering to reftrv. 

Ang. Stay a little while^ — [To Isab.] Tou are 
welcome : What's your will 7 

lea. I am a wofiil suitor to your honour. 
Please but your honour hear roe. 

A3ig. Well; what's your suit 7 

lem. There is a vice, that most I do abhorj 
And most desire should meet the blow of justice ; 
For which I would not plead, but that I must ; 
Foi' which I must not plead, out th^ I am 
At war, 'twizt y/riiA, ana will not. 

Ang. Well: the matter? 

leab. I have a brother is condemn'a to die : 
I do beseech you, let it be his fitult, 
And not my brother.' 

JProv. Heaven give thee moving graces ! 

Ang. Condemn thefauU, and not the actor of it! 
Why, every fault's ctmdemn'd, ere it be done : 
Mine were the very cipher of a function. 
To fine* the faults, whose fine ttands in record, 
And let go by the actor. 

leab. O just, but severe law ! 

I had a brother then^ — ^Heaven keep your honour ! 


Liieio. [To IsAB.] Give't not o'er so: to hmi 
again, intreat him : 
Kneel down before him, hang upon his gown ; 
You are too cold ; if you should need a pin, * 
Tou could not with more tame a tongue desire it • 
To him, I say. 

lecA. Must he needs die 7 

Ang. Maiden, no remedy. 

/m6. Yes: I do think that you might pardon him, 
And neither heaven, nor man, grieve at the mercy. 

Ang. I win not do't. 

leab. But can you, if you would? 

Ang. Look, what I will not, that I cannot do. 

leab. But might you do't, and do the world no 
If so your heart were touch'd with that remorse 
As mine is to him? 

Ang. He's sentenc'd : 'tis too lale. 

Jjuao. You are too cold. [Tb Isabxlla. 

leab. Too late 7 why, n o: I. that do speak a woid, 
May call it back agam : VVeU, believe^ this. 
No ceremony that to great ones 'lonss, 
Not the king's crown, nor the deputed sword. 
The marshal's truncheon, nor the judge's robe, 
Become them with one half so good a grace, 
As mercy does. If he had been as you, 
And you as he, you would have slipt like him ; 
But be, like you, would not have been so stem. 

Ang, Pray you, begone. 

lee^ I would to heaven I had your potency. 
And you were Isabel ! should it then bo thus/ 
No : I would tell what 'twere to be a judge. 
Ana what a prisoner. 

Lmoo. Ay, touch him : there's the vem. [Aeide 

Ang. Your brother is a forfeit of the law, 
And you but waste your words. 

/•a6. Alas! alas! 

Why, all the souls that were, were forfeit once ; 
Ana He that might the vantage best have took, 
Found out the remedy : How would you be, 
If he, which is the top of uidjnnent, should 
But judge you as you are/ O, think on that 
And mercy then will breathe within your lips, 
Like man new made.^ 

Ang, Be you content, fair maid ; 

It is the law, not I, condemns your brother : 
Were he my kinsman, brother, or my s<mi. 
It should be thus with nim :— he must die to-morrow. 

/«a6. To-morrow? O, that's sudden ! Spare him, 
spare him: 

3 I. e. be assured uf IL 

4 * Tou will then be ss tender-hearted andmsrdfU 
1 ss the flnt man was in his days of innocence.' 




H«^ not prepv'd ior detik! Evan ior our UtdicDi 
We kill the few! of cea«m:> thanweMrre heafwi 
With lest respect thaa we do nuniflter 
TU our grow selTee? Good, ((ood oiylofd, bMnnk 

Who k it ttiat hath died for tlua oflence? 
There*! muj hare committed it 

Lmdo, At, well aaid. 

Ang, The law hath not been dead, tkongh it hath 
lYiooe many had not dar*d to do that evil, 
If iIm first man that did the edict infringe 
Had answer'd for his deed: now, 'tis awake ; 
Tikee note of what is done; and, like a prophet, 
Lookf in a ^aas.* that sh^ws what fiitnre eVils, 
(Either now, or oj remissness newHsoneeiv'd, 
And so m progress lo be haldi'd and bom,) 
Are now to hare no soocessiTe degrees, 
Bat, where they lite,, to end. 

JU. Tet show some pity. 

AMg» I show it most of all, when I show jnsoee ; 
For then I pit? those I do not know/ 
Which a disnuss'd offence would after gall ; 
And do him right, that, answering one wol wrong, 
LiTes not to act another. Be satisfied: 
Tour brother dies tOHnorrow ; be content. 

/«a6. So you must be the first, that gires tins 
And he, that suffers: O, it is ezoellent 
To have a giant's strength ; but it is tyrannous 
To use it like a giant. 

iMcio. That's well said. 

Jsak Could mrt men thunder 
As Jove himseff does, Jofo would ne'er he quiet. 
For erery peltins,* pct^ officer, 
Would use his neaven for thimder ; nothing but 

tibunder.— — 
Merdflil heairen ! 

Thou radier, with thy sharp and sulphurous boh, 
fiblit'st the unwedgeaUe and gnarleo* oak, - 
Tnan the soft myrtle :* — But man, proud man I 
Drest in a little brief authority : 
Most ignorant of what he's most assur'd, 
Hb glassy essence,— like an angry ape. 
Plays sucn fantattick tricks before hwi heaven. 
As make the angels weep : who, with our spleens, 
Would all themselves laugh mortal.' 

Lmdo* O, to him, to him, wench : he .will relent ; 
He's conung, I perceive^t. 

Prov. Pray heaven, she win him I 

Jmb, We cannot weifh our brother with ourself : 
Great men may jest with saints : *tis wit in them ! 
But, in the less, ibnl pro&nation. 

iMcio, Thou'rt in the right, girl ; more o' that. 

/fa6. TtML in the captain's but a cholerick word, 
Which in the soldier is flat blasphemy. 

Imoo. Art advis'd o' that 7 more on't. 

Aug, Why do jrou pot these sayings upon me 7 

/m6. Because authority, though it err like others, 

manuntiir mtn- 

1 L e. when in season. 

3 ' Dormiunt aUguofido lege*, 
qttam,* is a maxim or our law. 

8 This alludes to the deceptions of the fortune-tellem, 
wlio pretended to see futifre events in a beryl, or crys- 
cal glass. 

4 One of Judge Hale*s * Memorials* is of the same 
tendency: — ' When 1 find myself swayed to mercy, let 
me remember that there is a mercy likewise due to the 

6 Pelting for paltry. 6 Chtarled, knotted. 

7 Mr. Douce has remarked the dose affinity be- 
tween this passage and one in the second satire of 
Fersius. Tet we have no translation of that poet of 
8hak8peare*s age. 

* Ifnoviste putas, qnlaf cum tonat, ocyua ilex 
Sulfure discuiitur sacro, quam tuque domusqoe ?* 

8 The notion of augels weeping for the sins of men 
Is rabbinical. By epleene Shakspeare meant that pecu- 
liar turn of the hiunan mind, that always inclines u to a 
spiteful and unseasonable minh. Had the angels thaty 
tnev would laugh themselves ou: of their immortality, 
by Indulfini^a passion unworthy of that prerogative 

9 ShaLipeare has used this indelicate metaphOT 
again In Hamlet i—* It will but akin and film the ul- 
saroaa place* 

Hadiyet a kind of modidne in ilMl( 
That skins the Tiee o^ the ton :" Oo In 
Knock there, and ask your neai 
That's like my brother^ fault: If it 
A natural guiRiness. swh an is Ui^ 
Let it not sound a noudbt opmi 
Against my brother's liw. 

Ang. flho apnikn, ami *ti| 

Such sense, that my aenae btundi 
Fare yon wmL 

/sofr. Gentle my k>rd, tnra bnek. 

Jing. I wiU bethhik 1 

/sa6. Hark, how m briba yo«; Good ivf W; 

Anf, How! briboflwf 

/soft. Ay^ with such gifts, that h n » fi > Aal Aw 
with you. 

Imoo, You had mairM all abow 

/soft. Not with fbnd" siiekalsof tiwfMlads'gd^ 
Or stones, whose rates atfe either ri^ or paof^ 
As fhney values them : but with traa pniysf% 
That shall be up at heaven, and antar ttisnL 
Ere sun-rise ; prayen from p reaatsn d ** aodn^ 
From fasting mains, whose minda an 'P*'f nit 
To nothing tomporaL 

Ang. WaB : mmm to Ma 


Isiae.Goto;iti8vrallaway. (.JiUbfa luinb 

/sa6. Heaven keen yaur hoaowr aafe t 

Ang, Mm.'* 

For I am that way going to tsmptafio^ {Amit^ 
Where prayers cross.'* 

/sak At what hav In wma 

Shall I attend your krdshipT 

Ang, At aagr tiaw Hbra ■••■. 

issi. Save your honour ! 

[E*mnt Lucio, bABSiXA, mmi IHaawli 

Ang. From thee : even froai Ay^yirl 

What^s this 7 what's this 7 Is this her ii^ or 1 
The tempter, or the tempted, who sins noot ? 
Not she ; nor doth she tempt : but it in I, 
That lying by the violet, in the sqDi 
Do, as the carrion does, not as the flowory 
Corrupt with virtuous season. Can it bo, 
That modesty may more betray our oenae" 
Than woman's lightnMS 7 Sfaving waato grooid 

Shall we desire to raze (he sanctuary. 
And pitch our evils there ?** O, fy, fy, fy ! 
What dost thou ? or, what art thou, Ancebo 7 
Dost thou desire her foully, for those tbmgs 
That make her good 7 O. let her brother live : 
Thieves for their robbery nave authority. 
When judges steal themselves. What 7 dol hivoher. 
That I desire to hear her speak agaia. 
And feast upon her eyes 7 What is't I dream on 7 
O cuiming enemy, that, to catch a saint. 
With saints dost oait thy hook . Most dang< 

10 i. e. Such ssnse as breeds or . 
quenee in his mind. Malone thought that «< 
meant setuual desire, 

11 Fondy in its old signification sometimee 
foolish. In its modem sense it evidently implied a do* 
tin? or extravagant affection ; hers k slgnilles stsr> 
vtdued or prized byfoUif, 

13 i. e. tried^ r^ned, 

18 Preserved from the corruption of the world. 

14 loabclla prajrs that his honour may be safi^ msan. 
ing only to give him his title : his imagination Is caaghc 
by the wora honoWf he feels that it la in danger, sod 
tbercrore says amen to her benedioion. 

15 The petition of the Lord's Prayer, * Lead osnetfans 
temptation,* — is here considered as cressrtif or hMi^ 
cepung the way in which Angelo waa going: ha was 
exposing himself to temptation by the appoinonanlftr 
the morrow's meeting. 

16 Sense for sensual appethe. 

17 No language could more forcibly expreaa the aggia* 
vated proflfgacy of Anselo's passion, which the purinr 
of Isabella but served the more to inflame. The dese- 
cration of edifices devoted to religioo, by r r mw^ ^ fm 
them to the moat abject purpoaee of nature, was aa 
eastern method of expressing cootempL See 9 KhMiw 

X.a7. '■^-"wrm 



b dutt tamptAtmi, that d<xh foad vs on i 

TommloniicTirtae: oerer could the ■tnnipet, 
WHh all hor doable vigour, art and nature, 
Oneo stir my temper : but thia TuHioua maid 
Subdoea am quite ;— BTer, tin bow, 

8CBNSIIL ^llMMiiiaiViiMi. filler Doke, 
Aattcd filM a JWv, and ProvoaL 



DmhB, Hailto70u,Provoatl ao» I think Ton are. 
Fnm. laattheprovoat: What*a jonr will, good 

Duka, Bound by mreharitj, and ay Ueaa'd order, 
I ooBM to wait the attcted niirita 
Here in the priaon : do me tno common right 
T» let me eee them ; and to auke me know 
TVe nntnra of tkek ciimea, that I may minialer 
To them accordingly. 

FrmK I would do flMcn than that, if nmre wave 

jBMfer JvLiCT. 

Look, here cornea one ; a gentlewoann of mine. 
Who &ning in the flames* of her own youth. 
Rath biiater'd her report : She ia with child : 
And he that got it, aeatenc'd : a young man 
More fit to do another inch offence. 
Than die for thia. 

Dmke, When mnat he die 7 

Pno, Aa I do tUak, to-morrow.— 
I have profided for you : itay a while, [2V Juluct. 
And joQ ahdl be conducted. 

Jhme. Repent yon, fair one, of the MB you carry 7 

JmBtC I do ; and bear the ihame moat patiently. 

JMbc FU teach you how you ahall arraign year 
And trr your penitence, if it be sound. 
Or hollowly put on. 

JmBA m gladly learn. 

DiAi. Lore you Che man that wronged you 7 

JnlkL, Yes, as I lore the woman that wrong'd him. 

Ddbe. So then, it aeems. your most offencefiil act 
Was mutually couHnitted 7 

JmiieL Mutually. 

Duke. Tlien was TOur sin of hearier kind than his. 

JuS^ I do confess it, and repent it, fother. 

IMbe. Tis meet so, daughter : But lest you do 
As that the nn hath brought you to this shame, — 
WUeh sorrow is always towards ourselves, not 

Showing, we*d not spare* heaven as w« love it. 
But aa we stand in /ear,— 

MuL I do repent me, as it is an evil ; 
And take the shiame with joy. 

There rest.* 

Tour partner^ as I hear, must die to-morrow, 

And 1 am gorag vrith instruction to him. — 

Oraoe go with you ! BenediaU ! [ExU, 

JmSeL Must die to-morrow! 0, injurious love*. 
That reapitea bm a Ufe, whose very comfort 
batiU a dying horror ! 

Pron, Tia pity of him. [ExwnL 

1 Iftr. Johnson thinks the second act should end here. 
S The fblio reads/aves. 
9L •. not spare to oiieod heaven. 
4i.e. keep youraelf io thia frame of mind. 
S*0 injurious lave,* SirTbomas Hanroer p ro p o s ed 
^ innd Uut instesd of love, 

9 MmvttUum for imaginafloni So, In 8hakapears*s 
Ittf Bonnet: 

« aface, 

That overgoes my blum Inaenlisfi quke.* 
%]ld In King Henry V. 

* O fiv a muse of fire, that would asosnd 
The brightest heaven of invention.* 
7 .Bioel Is profU. 8 i. e. outdde. 

9 Bhakspeare iodldoualy difltinffuishee the diligent 
i|Mraliona of hU a place upon different minds. Fools 
WW frUrtued aodwiae men allured. Those who cannot, 
tndgn but by the eye are easil j awed by q>ierdour ; 
^ iwhooooddermenaswellascondiiiofis, are easily 
~ ~ to love the appearance of viitiia dignlfled 

SCENE nr. A llaem m Angelo'a Ht 


ji»g. Whan I would pray and' think, I thmk and 
ToaaveraJaubiecta: heaven hnthnqrmBptywnrda$ 
Wlulst my in ventMrn/ hearing not my tongna. 
Anchors en laabd: Heaven m my mouth. 
As if I did but oidy chew hia name ; 
And in nqr heart, the Strang and aweUing evil 
Of my conc«»tioB : The state, whereon i atudiedt 
Is hke a good thing, being often read. 
Grown fMr'd and tadioua ; yea, my gravity. 
Wherein (let no asnn hear me) I take pride. 

Could I, with boat,* change for an idle pltone, 
Which the air beata for vaam. OptaeelOforml 
How often dost thon widi thv caae,* thy habi^ 
Wrench awe from fools, and tie dm w ia ar sonw 
To thy folseseemiibig 7* Blood, thou still art Moad* 
Let's write good Mmgtl on die deviPa ham, 
Tis not the devil's creat.** 

Enter Servant. 
How now, who's there I 

Setv, OaeIaabaI,amrtar9 

Desires acoesa to yon. 

Ang, Teach her the way. [£M Serr. 

O heavens ! 

Why doea my blood thus muater to my heart; 
Aiakini; both it unable for itael^ 
And dispossessing all the other parta 
Of necesaary fitneas 7 

So play the foolish thnmni with one that flwoQM , 
Come all to help him, and so stop the air 
By which he should revi^ : ana Aran aa 
T%e general,** sufaieet to a waU-wish'd kiajg, 
Quit their own part, and in obaequiouB fondneaa 
Crowd to his presence, where tlmir wnfanghf Uvn 
Must aeeda appear offence. 

^nfer UAMKhLA, 

How now, fair maid 7 
hub. I am come to know ▼oar pleasore. 

Ang. That yon might kaow it, woind much better 

Silease me. 
emand what 'tis. Tour brother cannot 
hub. Even so 7— Heaven keep yoor honour! 

Ang, Yet may he live awhile ; and it amy be. 
As loag as you, or I : Yet he must die. 
Isa6. Under your sentonce 7 
Ang. Tea. 

Imb. Whea, I beseech yoa 7 thatin his reprieve, 
Loager^ or shorter, he may be ao fitted. 
That his soul sicken not. 
Ang. Ha ! Fjej these filthy vices ! It were aa 
To pardon him, that hath firom nature stolen 
A man already made,** as to remit 
Hieir saucy sweetness,** that do coin heaven's 

In stamps that are forbid : 'tis all as easv 
Falsely to take away a life true made. 
As to put mettle in restrained means. 
To make a false one.** 

10 * Though we should write geed ongel on the de> 
vil^ horn, it will not chanfe his nature, so as to give 
him a ri^ to wear that eretU This explanation 
of Malone*8 is oonflrmed by a passage in Lylys Midait, 
* Midancholy ! Is melancholy a word for barber^ 
month ? Thou shouldst say heavy, dull, and dokish : 
meJaocholv is the cre»t of comliers.* 

II 1. e. the sMple or multitude suMea to a king. So, 
in Hamlet : < the play pleased ooc the million ; Hwas 
caviare lo the generuL* u is supposed that Bhakspeare, 
in this jpassage, and in one before (Act L 8c 9,) intend- 
ed to flatter the unkingly weakness of James I. which 
made him so impatieM or the crowds which flocked tn 
see him, at his first coming, that ho restrained them by 
% proelamafion. 

13 i. e. that haih Ullod a man. 

13 Sweetnett has here probably the sense of ticker 

14 The thought to sfaBplr,th«a«dsr to aasasyaa 



Mmib. *T^Mtdimaioiii1iemTeik,lNitiiotinMtrth. 

Ai^' fl*7jrou ao? then I thall poMjoa qnicUy. 
WhioB had 70a nth«r, Unit the most just law 
Now took your brothers life ; or, to reaeem him, 
Qvf v^yaur body to audi aweet mcleaimeaai 
Aa aha that he hirfh atem'd 9 

/aob. fib', balieva tha, 

I had rather gnre mt body thaa nonr aooL* 

Aug, ItaCnotoi joaraoul: OurcompenM aiaa 
Stand mora fitr Muaber than accomt.' 

Jaab. How say you t 

Aug, Nay. FU not warrant that ; for I cAn apeak 
Agaipat die uunf I any. Anawer to thia ;— 

now the voice of the recorded law, 
Fronoonoe a aentenoe en yonr brotbei'a life ; 
m^t there not be a chanty in ain. 
To save thia brDthev*a life 7 

Ub, Pleaae yon to do\ 

m take it aa a paril to my acnlf 
It ia no nn at all, bat chanty. 

Ang, Pleaa'd yon to do't. at peril of your aonl, 
Were equal poiae of tin ana duri^. 

h^. That I do be; hia life, if it be ain, 
HeaveiL let mo bear it f jou granting of my aotty 
If that be nn, FU make it my mom prayer 
1V> have it added to the feolta of mine. 
And nothing of your anawer. 

AMg» Nay, bat hear me : 

Tour aenae pnraoea not mine : mHwr you are ig- 
Or aeem ao, craftily ; and that^ not good. 

/aa6. Let me be ignorant, and in nothing good, 
But gradomly to know I am no better. 

Ang. Thoawiidomwiihea to appear moat bridit. 
When it doth tax itaelf; aa theae Mack maaka» 
Prodaim an enahidd^beapo^ ten times krader 
That beanty coold diariayeo.— But mark me ; 
To be receiTod plain, Fll apeak nuwe groaa r 
Tour brother ia to die. 

/aofr. So. 

Ang, And hia offenoeia ao. aa it appeara 
Accoimtant to the law upon uat paiL* 

/soft. True. 

Ang, Admit no other way to save his lift, 

tAs I subscribe* not that, nor any other, 
lut in the loss of quesUon/) that you, ois sister, 
Finding yourself desir*d of such a person, 
Whose credit with the judge, or own great place. 
Could fetch your brother from the manacles 
Of the all-binding law ; and that there were 
No earthly mean to save him, but that either 
Tou must lay down the treasures of your body 
To this supposed, or ebe to let him suffer ; 
What woula you do 7 

Jsab, As much for my poor Inrother. as myself: 
That is, were I under the terms of death, 
The impression of keen whips I'd wear as rubies, 
And strip myself to death, as to a bed 
That longing I have been sick for, ere Fd yield 
My body up to shame. 

Ang. Then must your brother die. 

JmA. And 'twere the cheaper way : 
Better it were, a brother died at once, 

fornicaUon ; and the inference which Angelo would 
draw is, that it is as improper to pardon the lauer as the 

1 babel appears to use the words 'give my body,' hi 
a different sense to Angelo. Her meaning appears to 
be, ' I had rather die than forfeit my eternal napi^ness 
by the prostitution of my person.* 

9 i. e. actions that we are compelled to, however nu- 
merous, are not imputed to us by heaven as crimes. 

8 The masks worn by female spectators of the play 
are here probably meant ; however improperly, a com. 
pUment to them is put into the mouth of Angelo: un* 
less the demonstrative pronoun is put for the preposi- 
live anicle ? At the beginning of Romeo and JiOiec, we 
have a passage of similar impon : 

These happy puuk» that kiss fkir ladies* brows, 
Being bUtek, put us hi mind they hide the fair.* 

4 L e. enaUelded, covered. 

5 Pat'n, penalty. « aubteribt agree to. 
7 i. e. cooveraaiion that tends le aodimg 

9 ignony, Ignondny. 

Than that a sister, by redeemmg ISmf 
Should die for ever. 

^fig*. Were not yon th^aa craal aadM 
That vou have slander'd ao 7 

Xmo. Ignomy* in raaaonu and freo [miiTB^ 
Are of two houses : lawful mercy it 
Nothing akin to foul redemption. 

Ang. Touseem'dof late tomaketbelawBtyruti 
And rather prov'd die slidbig of your broCher 
A merriment than a vice, 

/sob. Opaidon me. my hirdf it aft feOiMl^ 
To have what we'd nave, we speak bo4 iriwt «t 

I something do ezeoae the thing I kata^ 
For hia advantage that I dearly Wra. 

Ang. We are all iraiL 

/soft. Blavletin^btolhM'ii^ 

If not a feodary, but only he. 
Owe, and auoceed by weaknisBar* 

AnM, Nay, women are fta3 too^ 

iimft. Ay. aa the glassst wheia they Tiew than 
Which are as easv broke aa they aoake finoi. 
Women !— Help neaven ! men thmr craatiott mar 
In profiting by them.'*. Nay, call ua ten tiaaea fiiil ; 
For we are Mft as our oompleziooa ara^ 
And credulous Co felse printa.' * 

Am, I think it ml: 

And m>m this testiniai^ of yow own aex, 
(Sinoe. I stippoae. we are nmde to be no atroBgar 
Than faults may shake our firamea) let ma ba bdfl ;- 
I do arrest your words \ Be that yon are^ 
That is. a woman ; if you be more, yon*aoMBa ; 
If you be one (as you are well expreaa'd 
By all external warranta.) show it now. 
By putting on the destin'd livery. 

/sa6. I nave no tongue but one : gentle my bad^ 
Let me entreat you speak the former laagimga. 

Au^. Plainly conceive, I love jroo. 

Jam, Bfy brother (fid love Juliet ; and 70a tdl mftp 
That he shall die fer it. 

Anf, He shall not, Isabel, if yon ^ivo ma kvor 

/sa6. I know, vour virtue nath a liomiee in\ 
Which aeems a uttle fouler than it ia^ 
To pluck on others.'* / 

Ang. Believe me, on mine haaaor, 

Mv wonb express my purpose. 

Jiab. Ha I little honour to be much beUev*dy 
And most pernicious purpose f— seeming, imjijm 

ing P* — 
I will proclaim thee, Angelo ; look for't : 
Sign me a present pardon for mybrother. 
Or, with an outstretch'd throat, Fll tell the would 
Aloud, what man thou art. 

Ang, Who win Believe thee, Isabel^ 

My unsoil'd name, the austereness of my life, 
M^ vouch'* against you, and my place i: the ataia^ 
Will so your accusation overweigh, 
Hiat you shall stifle in your own report. 
And smell of calumny.^^ I have begun ; 
And now I give my sensual race the rein : 
f^t thy consent to my sharp appetite : 
Lay bv all nicety, and prouxious blusuea.'* 
That banish what they sue fer ; redeem tny brodwr 

9 1 adopt Mr. Narea* explanation of thb difScult 
safe as the most sacisfaecory yet offered >— * If he li the 
onijfeodaryy i. e. subiect who holds bj the common 
tenure of human frailty.* Oiees, i. e. possutsus and 
»ueceed$ 6y, holds his right of succession by h. War* 
burton savs that < the allusion is so fine that it dessrvss 
to be explained. — The comparing mankhid lying uadsr 
the weight of original sin, to a feodary who owes amii 
and service to hiu lord, is not ill imagmed.* 

10 The meaning appears to be, that * men ddiase thsir 
natures bv taking advantage of women's weaknsaa.* 
She therefore calls on Heaven to assist them. 

II 1. e. impresstons. 

13 i. e. * your vinue assumes an air nffiVrnffoaiwasa, 
which b not natural to you, on purpose to try me.' 

18 Seeming^ b hypocrisy. 14 Fowh^ aaserdon 

15 A metaphor from a lamp or candb axtxngnbiiad in 
its own greass. 

18 Pntixioiu bfushea mean what M lhoa kaa nlsginti 
calbd^< Sweet reluctant delay.* 




fiat. Ti>«hODiiht]lIi»m|duB? Kdl 

Who woold bcfiBTfl Dw 7 O p«rilam monthly 

nu but in tbem ina ud the Miftame umgM 

BidAng (ha law mka eoort'ij to th^ will ; 
Hookiiu bo4h ruht ud wrcnuE to tha appatite, 
ToMlowuhdrawi! ru lo mj bnHb.r : 
niiougb he hath (kllea by pronpttiro' of Iha blood, 
Yel halh ha in hiin nch ■ minj oT honoor, 
llat had he Iwentr hstda la Under dowa 
On tAflDly b^DOdj falocka, haM viald them up, 
Belbre hii aiitar ahauld her body iloop 

ACT in. 

8CBNE L A JUom in At Prim. E%tB Dutio, 

C LlDDio, owl PrOTOlt. 

ZMbc. So, than ;aa hopg oT pardoa Iniai lord 

Oud. TEa DiMiaUa hare » other Badiuna, 
Bntonl* hopa: 
I ban hojM Uj lire, and am prapat'd to die. 

Alb. Ba abKlata> lor death ; allhar death or life, 
SbaD ihanbj ba the iwaetn. Reuon thai with 

ihv complailnn shifli to ilranca affecti,* 
Tlheni-vn: IFiIidu art rich, ^ouirl poor; 
, hka as ui, ■rhoae hack vriih ingoti howi, 
Thoa hcar'it ihy heavy richai but a jouriMj, 
And dealh nnloidi Ihaa ; FViend, haat than none t 
Fot thine own boxdi, which do call thea aira, 
The nera eOiiuon gftb; propei loini. 
Do curse Ilie ^ul, vorpigo,* and Ihe rheupi, 
s"-- -ndiug Ihee BO aooner : Thou bail nor yooth, 

Druoiag on b^lh ;" Tor all thy blen3 Toulh 

Bfcamea a> and, and doth bei Ihe aim 

or pained eM |" and when Ihou *n old, and rich, 

tbaTbean tho name of life 1 Vat in thig Ufa 

■ id moie thouMnd deaths; jol death we faai, 

lud. I homblT thank tod 

iM.uoIoliveHind Iwekrodie: 
And Becking death, hod bfe : Lai il como on. 

/(oi. What, bo! Peafe here ; graca aad good 

i*rTii>. Whtf ■ liiarn ? come 01 ; tho wish deaami 

Duke. Dear »ir, are long FI) Tiiil yoa anin. 
CkW. Moal holy air, Ilhank you. 
hai. MybuiioeHiiawoidar twowithClaodio. 
Prn; And tery welcome. Look, ligniot, here^ 

Duit. ProToat, a 

a bnaih thou ai 

ilatioo, wheri 

For him Ihou lahoui')! by iby StAl lo ibua, 
Aad yet nmn'M toward bin a^ : Thou an 

For all the accixanodatiou thai thou baaf'al. 
Are Dina'd by bueoaai :* Thou art by Do mear 

For Ihaa dost fear tfaa aoft and lender fiirk 
Ofapoorwonn:* Thy baal ofroat ii alaep, 
Aad ibal Ibou oB pnnok'al ; yet groady lw>irl 
ThydealhgWhiehianowirB. Thou art sol thy mil 
Par Ifaou anat^at oa manr a thoinand graioB 
Thatiaaa ooIoTdDat: Happy Ihou art not; 
For what Ihou haal not, atill thou alrii'it to gel ; 

1 7%t death. Thia phraae Baema orl^nally lo have 
TB of Shahapeare^B afa. 

4 Isf ban maau tart far, ■ conDgeo aecajiulr 
tflbB vordln Cbaoeu and later wtkaia. 
....._. - ,^ j„ HaniT IV. ttn 1 : 

I madcap dnka biB unela :(rpt.< 

M daaaoya that aplendonr whkh 
Bn. Whatarer frandaur can dlfl. 

' ^waa Where the madcap i 
S Bbakncaia hen Rwuu u 
■saM) of im n one* 

fiKjt or hinn aqLoj, la vDeond 1^ fc g tMgta, Itt oOl' 
COB sT which the rataidataniUra Attn Iha camempluioo. 
All IbedsUcacleB afiha labia naj ba traced back to the 
■kamUea and iba dunghill, all nuHCnlBcence of ImlldJng 
ma hewn ftnm the qnany, and alt the pomp of oroa- 
naat ftom antoAg ibe dampa and dartneaa dftha tnlne. 
T Warm IB nn lor my creeplnf tbbif m terpenL 
Skahnawa atapta Iba Tntnt error, thai a •eiveni 
woonA wKh hla traifue, andlbu hiBtDngiiBlB/«4«(. 
b old lapeatrlta and palntlnn the longoH of aaipeWB 
and dragona alwaya appear baibad like Iha polnl of an 

I Tba old cnpT reads ^ectf. We shouldTaadr^feetf, 

DJoc Bi 


Ab many aa you pleaae. 
I to hear Ibam apeak, where I 

(£»i«l Duln and Proroat. 
^Hiiia. i^ow, aiBler, what^B the comfbrlT 

hiA- Why, an all comlortB are, moat good indeed : 
ord An^rlo, baring aRaira to heaten, 

There you ihall be an arerlajling leiger :■' 
herafore your boilappoinliaeBt" make wilhapeed; 

Claad. Ii diera on remedy 7 

Itab. None, but luch l^medy, aB to aaie a head, 

Omid. ' Bui ia there any? 

Itah. Yen, broibar, you may liie ; 
There ia a denhah mercy in the judge. 
If you'll implore il, Ihal will free your life, 
Bui Teller you lill death. 

Cloid. Perpetual duranre 1 

Itab, Ay, juBt, perpetual durance : a reBininl, 
Though all die wor^rfa Ta9tidiIy'>you h«l. 

rtiEv II eiquildielT kmagml 
■nd miag the gndAcailo 

that our lUi, otS*hich no pan la tUlad whb Iha bualnaaa 
orthapnaam Ume, reiimhtea du diaami after dinnar, 
ihen the erenia or the nwiDinf aire mbigled wkh iha 
edfru of tha eranhif. 

11 OUagf. InyoiilhiwUehlBOTaii^tabathaAiip- 
Ad ibna, nan eonmoDly waau meana ts obtain what 
ha lonld anjoy, ba la depEndam on paUied eld; mua 
beg abna fhm iba cetfar* ef boicT aTBrlce ; and being 
rary nIgganUy aupplM, fteeamei u agrd, loeka like an 
lid man on hapvUBaa baytfod hli reach. And when he 
a eU and ricL whan be baa weihb ennufh for ih 
jnnbaaaBfalllhalfcnDnly — i.-ji.i.j-j — v- i.- 
DO longer the powera of nta] 
U ifaJIrBl Mia nadarMil 
Iw.' the (Hand hllo re*d(, '1 


But m wbat nature? 

bob. In socii a one as hrou conflenting toH) 
Would bark your honour vom that trunk you bear^ 
Apd leaye you naked.* 

Gmid, Let me know the point. 

/«o&. O, I do fear thee, Clandio ; and I quake. 
Lest thou a iererous life dKMild'st entertain. 
And eiz or seTen winters more respect 
Than a perpetual honour. Dar'st thou die 7 
rhe sense of death is most in apprehension ; 
And the poor beetie, that we tread i^mb, 
In corponl sufferance finds a pang as great 
As when a giant dies.* 

ObadL Why gire you me this i&aBM 7 

Think yon I can a resolution fetch 
FVtMn flowery tenderness? If I must <fie, 
I will encounter darkness as a bride, 
And hugit in mine arms. 

ijo6w?niere spake my brother; there my fkther's 

IKd utter forth a Toice ! Tea, thou must die : 
Thou art too noble to consenre a life 
In base appliances. Tlis outward-sainted deputy, — 
Whose settled Tisage and deliberate word 
Nips youth i' the head, and follies doth enmew,* 
As folcon doth the fowl, — n yet a deyH ; 
EBs filth within being cast, he wodd appear 
A pond as deep as hell. 

Cloud. The princely AngeV>7 

I§ab, Of 'tM the cunning liyeiy of hell. 
The danmed'st body to inyest and coyer 
In princely guards f* Dost thou think, CTlaudio^ 
tfi wouUT yield him my yirginity, 
Thou migblf St be fieed 7 

Ctaud, O, heayens ! it cannot be. 

/sa6. Tes, he woidd giye it thee, firom this rank 
8o to offend him still :* This nighf s the time 
That I should do what I abhor to name. 
Or else thou diest to-morrow. 

Ctamd. Thou shalt not do'u 

laab. 0| were it but my lifo^ 
Pd throw It down for your deliyerance 
As frankly* as a pin. 

CUmd, Thanks, my dear IsabeL 

/m6. Be ready, CHaudio, for your death to- 

Claud, Tes. — Has he affections in him. 
That thus can make him bite the law by the noee, 
When he would force it V Sure it is not nn ; 
Or of the deadly seren it is the least. 

/«o6. Which is the least ? 

Claud, If it were damnable, he, being so wise. 
Why, would he for the momentary trica. 
Be perdurably finM?— O IsabeH 

iaab. What says my brother 7 

C^oudL Death is a fearful thing. 

Jwh, And shamed life a hateful. 

C^dudL Ay, but to die, and go we know not 

mind 10 one painful idea : to ignominy, of whkh the 
remembrance can neither be suppresMa nor escaped. 
1 A metaphor, from stripping trees of theh* bark. 

3 ' And the poor beetle that we tread upon 

In corporal sufferance finds a pang as great 
As when a giant dies.* 

This beautifuipassa^ is fn all our minds and memo- 
ries, but it most frequently stands fai quotation detached 
from the antecedent line : — ' The sense of death is most 
in apprehension,* without which k is liable to an oppo- 
site instruction. The meaning is : — ' fear is the prin> 
cipal sensation in death, whicli has no pain ; and the 
giant when he dies feels no greater pain than the beetle ?* 

8 * In whose presence the follies of youth are afraid 
to show ihemselves, as the fowl is afraid to flutter while 
the fhlcon hovers over it.' To enmew is a term ki Fal> 
conry, signiTying to reMrain, to keep in a mew or cage 
either by force or terror. 

4 Ouards wore trimmings, Tacings, or other orna- 
ments applied upon a dress. It here stands, by synec- 
doche, fi)r drvM. 

6 i. e. ' From the time of my committing diis ofienee, 
you might persist in sinning with aaioljr 
JFVwuty, freely. 

To lie in cold obstmetioo, nd to rat : 
Thb sensible warm motion to becosM 
A kneaded clod ; and the delig^tadf w^kA 
To bathe in fiery flood^ of to m^ 
In thrilling regions of tnick-nbbed ice ;* 
To be imprison'd in the yiewless'* wndk 
And blown with restless yiolence round aDoot 
Tlie pendent world ; or to be worse thaa wsnl 
Of those, that lawless and incertain fhni^fs 
Imagine howling ! — ^'tis too horriUe t 
The weariest uid most loathed worldly fife^ 
That age, ach, penury, imprisonawnit 
Can lay on nature, b a paradise 
To what we fear m death. 

Itab. Alasf alasf 

CUmd. Sweet sktsr. let bs fift. 

What sin you do to saye a brothers Dft^ 
Nature dispenses with the deed sofir. 
That it becomes a yirtue. 

/m6. Ovyoabeaitf 

Ot faithless coward ! O, dishonest wrstck ! 
Wilt thou be made a man' out of my vice 7 
Is't not a kind of incest, to take Ufo 
From thine own aster's shame? WhatslmUI 

Heayen shield, my mother played ay &dier 6ir! 
For such a warped slip of wilcferaess* ' 
Ne'er issu'd from his blood. Take mr defiance:'' 
Die ; perish ! might but my bending down 
Reprieye thee from thy fkte, it sho«3d proessd; 
m pray a thousand prayera for thy deadly 
No word to saye thee. 

Clamd, Nay, hear me, babeL 

/m6. O, ^l^^f 

Thy sin's not accidental, but a trade :" 
Mercy to thee would proye itsdf a bawd : 
'Tis best that thou diest qui^y. J^^* 


b hear me, 

Jte-enfer Duke. 

/kcfce. Touchsafe a word^ yua^ rister^ \m m» 


Itab. What is yow will? 

Duikt. Might you dispense with your laimre. I 
would by and by hare some speech with you : the 
satisfaction I would require, is Ukewiae- ysur own 

/m6. I haye no superflnous leisure ; my stay 
must be stolen out of other afiairs ; but X will attend 
you awhUe. 

Duke. [7b Claudio, onie.] Son, I have orer^ 
heard what hath passed between you and your sis- 
ter. Ange4o had never the purpose to corrupt her ; 
only he hath made an essay of her yirtue. to prac- 
tise his judgment with the disposition or nlitnres; 
she, haying the truth of honour in her, hath made 
him that gracious denial which he is meet glad to 
receive : lam confesscM* to Angelo, and I know this 
to be true; therefore prepare yoarselTto death: 

7 ' Hafl he {lafMsions that impel him to transgress ths 
law at the very moment that ne is enfbitfng it againsl 
others ? Surely then it cannot be a sin so very bemoos, 
uince Anirelo, who is so wise, will venture- It ?* Shak- 
5peare Bhows his knowledge of human nature ki Ihs 
conduct of Claudio. 

8 DrUghtedj m occasionnlly need by Shak^iean tot 
dfb'ffhtfulj or causing delight ; dehghled &l Bo, Is 
Othello, Act il. Sc S ; 

< irvntue no derightedhetvitj lack.* 
And Cymbeline, Act v. Sc 4 : 

< Wliom best I love, I cross, to make my gifl 
The more delayed, detighted. 

9 Jonson, in his Cataline. Act U. 8c. 4, has a aiut- 
lar expression : — ' We*re spirits bound in ribt of ice.* 
Shakspeare returns to the various destinations of ths 
disembodied Snirit, in that paihede speech of O^Ilo In 
the fifth Act. Milton seems to have had Shakqieare 
before him when he wrote the second book of ParafiM 
Lost, V. 695 — 608. 

10 Fi>tr/e««, invisible, unseen. 

1 1 Wildemeaa^ for wildness. 
19 i. e. my refusal. 

'9 TVode, an esubliahed haUt, a custom, a practtca 




I>o Bot ml&djf jcm twohitioii> with hopes UuU v« 
fiJKlib: l»«onow fBomiit die ; ^ to jTOur knees, 
•nd Bwke remdj. 

Clmad. Let me uk my sister pwdoa. I un so 
oat of lore with UKthfttlwillsuetoboridofiU 

IHiJbs.* Hold Ton there: FbrewelL 

[Emt Clauwo. 


Provost, ft word Wkh you. 

Plrvv. Whftfs ymv wUI, fttber? 

JMIk. That Bow^fmiAreoomeiyoa will be gone: 
CiOftTe me awhile with the nwid; mr mind promises 
my habit, no loss shall touch Ler by my com- 

Aov. In food time.* [Emt Prorost 

JDdbe. The hand that hath made yon fair, hath 
made you food : the foodness, that is cheap in 
beauty, makes beauty brief in goodness ; but frace, 
beinf the soul of your complexion, shocud keep the 
bo^of it erer ftir. The assault that Anfelo hath 
BMoe to you, ibrtane hath convey'd to my under- 
standiuf ; and, but that frailty hath examples for 
his fiUliif , I should wonder at Angelo. How would 
yon do to eonto n d this substitute, and to save your 

lasb. I am now feinf to resolTo him: I had 
rather my brother £e by the law, than my son 
should be unlawfully born. But O, how much is 
the food duke decetred in Angelo! If ever he re- 
tm, and I oan *peak to him, i will open my lips in 
ivn, or disoorer his gofemment. 

Adhs. That shall not be much amiss : Tet, as 
(he matter now stands, he will avoid your accusap 
tion ; he made trial of you only.— Therefore fasten 
yoor ear on my adrisings ; to the love I have in 
doinffood, a remedy presente itseUl I do make 
aqrslaMlieTe^ that jou may most uprkhteously do 
a> poor wronged lad^ a merited benefit ; Kdeem 
your brother from the angry law ; do no stain to 
yow own gracious person ; and much please the 
i hew rt duke^ i^ peradventure, he shall ever return 
lo have heanng of this bnsmess. 

issl. Let me hear you speak further ; I have 
spirit to do any thing that appears not foul in the 
tovftof my spirit. 

IMs. Virtue is bold, and goodness never fearful. 
Havo you not heard speak of Mariana the sis- 
ter « Frederick, the great soldier, who miscarried 

Imk, I have heard of the lady, and good words 
wont with her name. 

Dmht. Her should this Angelo have married : 
w«n affianced to her bv oath, and the nuptial ap- 
ponited : between uriiicn time of the contract, and 
Iniit* of the solemnity, her brother Frederick was 
wrodced at se^ having in that perished vessel the 
dowry of his smter. But mark how heavily this 
bafttf to the poor sentlewomaa : there she lost a 
—hie and renowneo brother, in his love toward her 

■Met kind and natural : with him the portion 

nnow of her fortune, her marriage dowry ; with 

tolh, her combinate* husband, this well-seeming 


Can this be so 7 Did Angelo so leave her ? 
Aifce. Left her in her tears, and dry'd not one of 

1 Do itot satisfy your re*olutiony appears to signiry 
do not quench or extmguitk your rtoolution withfallt- 
61s Afpes. Batitfy wss used by old writers fai the sense 
9i 10 otmv, otop^ quendiy or oUnt: as in the phrase 
row is taU^fUd with ceara ; Dolor expUtur lachry • 
To aaiiafV or otmt hunger : Famera exptere. To 

, i or sstisiy thirst : 8keMej7»fere/* Aeoiyecture 

•f the Hon. Ckarles Torke*s on this pasaa^e will be 
flnnd in Wart>uTioD*s Letters, p. fiOO, tro. ed. 

9 BMyoutheres eomiiMie to that reaoluiioii. 

S L e. • to bowte heure, ss be It, very welL 

4 I. e. appofaisd time. 

• L e. becrached. 

• Me»lowed her on her own tamentmtion, gave her 
up 10 her sorrows. 

7 Meferyouroelfj hare recourae to. 

8 L e, iCnpped of his covering or disguise, hie afiec- 
I of fions j d(SS9«amaAtJE. A metaphor of a simi' 

them with his comfort ; swallowed his vows whole 
pretending, in her, discoveries of dishonour : in Urwp 
oestowed* her on her own lamentation, which she 
yet wears for his sake ; and he, a marble to her 
tears, is washed With them, but relents not. 

/sa6. What a merit were it in death, to take thb 
poor maid from the world ! What corruption in this 
life, that it will let this man live I^But how out oc 
this can she avail 7 

Duke, It is a rupture that you may easily heal : 
and the cure of it not only saves yoor bromer, but 
keeps you from dishonour in doing it. 

foot, Slow me how, good father. 

Duke, Hiis forenamed mmd hath yet in bar the 
oontinoanoeofher first affection: hii unjust unkind- 
ness, that in all reason should nave quenched her 
love, hath, like an impediment in the current, made 
it more violent and unruly. Gk> you to Angelo: 
answer his requiring with a plausible obedience : 
agree with his demands to the point: only refer^ 
yourself to this advantage, — ^first, that your stay 
with him may not be long ; that the time may have 
all shadow and silence in it ; and the place anaww 
to convenience : this being granted in course, now 
follows all. We shall advise this wronged maid 
to stead op your appointment, no in your place ; if 
the encounter acknowledge itseff hereafter, it may 
compel him to her recompense : and here, by this, 
is your brother saved, your honour untainted, the 
poor Bfariana advantaged, and the corrupt depu^ 
scaled.* The maid will I frame, and asake fit for 
his attempt If you think well to carry this as you 
may, the doublenees of the benefit defowb the de- 
ceit from reprooC What think you of it? 

leab. The ima^^e of it gives me content already ; 
and, I trust, it will grow toa most prosperous pei^ 

JDnAce. ItliesmuchinvourholdiBgup: Haatoyou 
speedilv to Angelo ; if tor this night he entreat you 
to his bed give him promise of satisfiustion. I will 
presentlv to 8l Luke's; there at the moated 
grange,* resides this dej<K:ted Mariana: At that 
place caU upon me; and despatch with Angelo, 
that it may be quickly. 

/«a6. I thank you for this comfort: Fare you 
well, good fother. (J?aeiutf severs^. 

SCENE U. The ttreel before Ae prirnn. Enter 
Duke, OS a friar; to him ELaow, Clown, on^ 

Elh. Nay, if there be no remedy for it, but that 
vou will needs buy and sell men and women like 
beasts, we shall have all the world drink brown and 
white bastard.*** 

Duke, O, heavens* what stuff is here 7 

Ch, Twas never merry world, since, of two 
usuries, the merriest was put down, and the worser 
allowed, by order of law, a furr'd gown te keep him 
warm; and furr'd with fox and lamb-8kins>> too, to 
signify, that craft, being richer than innocency, 
sUnds for the facing. 

£lb. Come your way, sir;— Bless yon, good 
fother friar. 

Duke, And you, good brother father:'* What 
offence hath this man made you, sir 7 

£lb. Marry, sir, he hath offended the law; and. 

lar nature has before occurred In this play, taken from 
the barUng, peeling, or atrippinf oi tress. I caimoi 
convince myself that k means toeighed, uniem we could 
imagine that counterpoietd was intended, 

9 Ofvngre, a solitaiy ram-house. 

10 Ba»t€u-d. ▲ sweet wine, Raisin wine, aeeording to 

11 It Is probable we shooid rasd 'fox on lambskins,* 
otherwise craft wHl not Kand for the fadng. Fox-akins 
and lamb-skins were both used aa fadngs according to 
the stscute of appareL 94 Hen. 8. c, !& So, in Cbarac- 
terismi, or Leaton*s Leasures, kc iCSl ^-* An usurer 
is an old fox clad in lamb-skin.' 

li The Duke hmnorously calls him broAer fmther, 
because he had called him father Mar, which is equi- 
valent to father brother, fiiar beii^ dorivsd ~ 
/rwe. ft. 

. ^.. . , . ., numngopiii-lock,' whkli • 

kan not to A* dwlj. 

iMt f>e, wnA ; * bawd, ■ wkkcd br*d ! 
Tba atf that Iboa einwl lo ba dmn, 
^Wb thf mnn In tin: Do Ihoantl think 
VtW Hfa to enn k mw, or dollH a back, 
IVm ■«* ■ BIlhT lioa: » to ttarad^— 
Wm Aair abmamiMa and baaitl* totMiiM 
I driak, I aal, aiimj nraal^ and hwt. 
Oaaal dnn baliars thf Irriu; u a lUa, 
Bo aiiaUiulT dfpendinf I Go, ineBil, go, maid. 

Oil IndMLitdDW atinkiB won aort, lic ; b 

Mk. WaJj it Ik* d*nl ban pna thm prooft 

'nao.trilt prar* Ut. Tak* bin la prin^ officR ; 
Comclkid md ioaliiictioa nmi bulk work. 
Bra lbs nda bml wffl proSL 

£&. Ha aoat ba&rs Iha dspoi)', or ; hs hu civeti 
bim wanunc; tho dvpoty citamt atndfl a wnoro- 
Mulcr: if £e bo a whoraiDoiiiEr, and con»i belcini 
kiia. hn wire ai cood co a mfle on bii errand. 

Ihike. Iliiil we wers all, a> lonw would Ken 
C'ree ftocn our fatthi, ai boka from aefiDdog, froo t' 
.En's' Lccio. 

£16. Hi* neck will oomo lo jour wain, a con),' 

Cb. I ipj conion: I cry, bail : Hire'i a gen- 
flnun, and a friand or uaiie. 

Lrntf. How now, bdUb PtHspej} Wbii, at ibi 
Inala of ObbitI Arl tboo lad in Irimnph) What, 
is then boob of PjiDalioa'i imagea, anTli made 
aranan,* to ba bad aow^, tar puHiH Ih* haad in the 
backet and eilraeling il diitch'd 7 What rqilj 7 
BaT What nftl thou to thn Idiw, muar, an' 
taelbod? I>n not dnwn'd i'lha laal run? Ha' 


,1 ny-al d.Dd. t 
7 Which i^tbe' 

_ ii tbewiy flailaad.andftiwword 

Or bow] Thsickkark7 

IMa. 8UII thoiu and Ihyi ! itill wone ! 

Ijnia. How doth my dear nunpl, ifaj uuiinii 
pTocvaariieBliUT Hal 

Cb. TVotfa, air ihe hub eaten op all ber be 

Lutio. Why, 'lis good; il ia Ihn right of it ; 

Cla. Yes, faith, lir. 

Ijtda. Whj, 'lii not ani«, Pompoj : Farowrl . 
Coi aay, 1 lent Uiee thither. For debt, Ponpej ? 
Or ban? 

Elb. Tar b«Tw ■ bawd, fbr beiag a band. 

Lttdo. Well, then imprisgn him: If impnioa- 
■Denl be the due of a bawd, whv, 'lia hia right ; 
Bawd ia be, doubtleii. and of anfiquily loo ; bawd- 
Inni, ^ueweli, good PonipejT ConmeiKl me lo 
the priion, Pompey ; You will tum good buabaw! 
Vow, Vampej ; joti will keqi the hnuae.* 

eta, I hope, EiTi ytnit good wonhip will b« mj 

lebkwMe weuoiM ol 

1 nil neck will be drd, like Tour 
ne fitar wore a rope Rir a girdle. 

f . ataf Bi bDme, alluilinf tolbe etrmt^lofiT of lua 

meiUMiOaBcni AJaa,tr«iff Fnil IJ' Um 

^r. And ran. 

Ulob. Daaa Bfid|Bt puM Mil^ P ni ^ i j t BiT 
" Cone nor wbt^ ih ; bom. 
Yon >91 not ba^ ma ^ idr T 
is. Ttan, PoMpejl nor ■nr^— WkrtMat 
abroad, friarT WbalDawaT 

Elb. CoiDe;oDrwaja,H; tamm, 
/.Hciii. 0«r-U kenwl, Poopaf, fO| 

IBniuii Blmmt, Ohnn, airf Omem. 
^ttnewi, (itr, oTIbe diAal 
Oat; . I know BDoe : Can JOB laQ na cf nrj 
/.urio. Sonwau, heiawttbika enpacaroraB- 
a - oiliartaaa, no ia laBdaBa: Bntwfeataiib^ 

Duif. I knoer aat wban : Bat wk««aaa<«>^l 

Loid Ai(*lo iAm sT-mH k ks 

_ hieawell m't. 

/.una AUtllanorelanljtalaefcaty wn u UdiM 
barm 111 bim: nmelhinf toocrabbadthat waj|A^. 
DiAc. Il n too general a Tiee, aari a u iai ilj hmM 

ImU. Tea, in good MBth, tba alea k of a Mt 
Bdred; it ia weUatjr'd: but it i* BmasU* tt 
eiiirp ii qpila, fnar, till ealiac aad drBtii|ba|iM 
down. Tfaeir aaj, Ibil Angilo wai ant ^titif 
man and woBaiL after Ibe dowari^ wn (f ai» 
.:„ . .. i. ._^^iiA -oa J ^- ' 

bouUlHibeiBdi.Aaal , 

Some that be wai liual ba 

—But ii ii ccTtvm, IM wbea ha ■ 
urineiaaaiif*aPdiee;IbatIkD*«b>aBmi ^ 
be H a notion* ungoiacatin, tha^i hftlMtn 
JhJtr. Tod are nlaaaaat, nt j and waA Miaafc 
£>ic^ Why, what a ruthlew tbi^ a tbk mUi^ 
for lbs rabelhca of a eod^Hoca, la lake awn Aa 
bfeafaBaaT WoaM Iba duke, ihM ■ almaL Wa 
7 Bre be weiAl ba*o ha^d ■ mi to 
ig a hundred baatardi^ha would ban pal4 
Irving of a Ihounnd : He had aoiae MiB( 

Duir. I neier heard tl 

waa nM indiaad ifaal w 

h :'* the duko had CTOt<±Dta in him : 


J>L^,, You do him wroag, lure^ 
Lu'::i. Bir, I wuaBinwaFd'*ofhia: Ad 

IJi.lit. What, I pr>ythoe, migfal ba tbe can 

■ck'J ^•ilhin 'the leelh and the lipi : but lU 
'I ynu dBdenlaad,— ThegreaterCle"of tl 
!iM h'-lj Ihe duke to be wHe. 
Bukr. Wiie 7 wbj, ao quealion but ba w 

ihrr Tiauptra deemed infcciloua, origkiallraHSli, On 
lid FoiMid might gl re Ttanilnn nil tn apptiin h nm am\ 
nJ -il.iii be withouitDuchbilfbeeHMC. Tl 
Tii*rorn of ftatitirtg ml Eadet ia Net jei tpilia dlaBaad 1 
onie ciiiintln. LucioimeaDuiglaliiDeTUei^tawM 

U 'Tba (noctrjllt/ tka tn^Ddqi al Ua aaklMM 




A very niperficial, igDortnt, unweigfaing* 

Duke. Either tfaii is envy in you, fbllj. or iiub- 
Ukiiig : the very itreem of hu life, and the DUBineu 
he hath helmed,* moet, upon a warranted need, 
gire him a better proclamation. Let him be but 
tetthnoiued in his own brincincs forth, and he shall 
appear to the envious, a soiomr, a statesman, and 
a soldier : Therefore, yoa speak unskilfollT ; or, if 
To«ir knowledge be more, it is much darkened in 

Imoo, Sir, I know him, and I lore him. 

Duke. Love talks with better knowledge, and 
knowledge with dearer love. 

Imoo. Gome, sir. I know what I know. 

Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you know 
not what yoo speak. But, if ever the duke return 
(as our prayers are he may,) let me desire you to 
make your answer before him : If it be honest you 
have spoke, vou have courage to maintain it : I am 
bound to c«U upon you ; and, I pray you, your 

Lmoo, Sr, my name is Ludo ; well known to the 

Difie. He shall know you better, sir, if I may 
five to report you. 

Lmoo. I lear you not 

Zhike, O, yon hope the duke will return no more ; 
or Tou imaf^e me too unhurtftil an opposite.' But, 
indeed, I can do you tittle harm ; you'll forswear 
^his a{^un. 

Lmoo, 111 be hang'd first : thou art deceived in 
■M, friar. But no more of this ; Canst thou tell if 
^laodio die to-morrow, or no ? 

IXike. Why should he die, sir? 

Zmoo. Why? for filling a bottle with a tun-dish. 
M wwdd, the duke, we talk of, were retum'd again : 
this ungenitur'd^ ^cnt will unpeople the province 
with oontinency ; sparrows must not build in his 
hoaiie-eaves, because they are lecherous. The duke 
yet would have dark deeds darkly answered ; he 
would never bring them to lif^t : would he were 
Teturn'd ! Marry, this CI audio is condemn'd for un- 
trmsing. Farewell, good friar; I pry'thee, pray 
ibr me. The duke, I say to thee again, would eat 
mutton* on Fridajrs. He*s now past it ; yet, and I 
say to thee, he would mouth witn a beggar, though 
rile smeltf brown bread and garlick : say, that I 
said so. Farewell. [Exit. 

Duk», No might nor greatness in mortality 
Can censure 'scape ; ba!dc-wounding calumny 
The whitest virtue strikes : What king so strong. 
Can tie the gall i^ in the slanderous tongue ? 
But who comes here ? 

Enter Escalus, Provost, Bawd, and Officers. 

Eteal, Go, away with her to prison. 

Bawd. Good my lord, be good to me ; your ho- 
aoor is accounted a merciful man : f^ood my lord. 

E$eal. Double and treble admonition, and still 
forfeit^ in the same kind ? This would make mercy 
swear, and play the tyrant. 

Prov. A bawd of eleven years continuance, may 
it please your honour. 

Bawd. My lord, this is one Lucio's information 
atainstme: mistress Kate Keep-down was with 
child by him in the duke's time, he promised her 
marriage: his child is a year and a quarter old. 
come Philip and Jacob : I have kept it myself; ana 
see how he goes about to abuse me. 

I L e, inconsiderate. 

3 Guided, steered through, a metaphor fVom nav|. 

Z OopoHte, opponent 

4 UngetdtHftC This word seems to be formed 
from genitoira, a word which occurs several tfanes in 
Holland's Pllnv, voL ii. p. 931, 600, 589, and comes 
fiom the French genitoires. 

5 A wench was called a laeed mutton. In Doctor 
Fanstns, 1004, Lechery says. ' I am one that loves an 
faich of raw mutUm better than an ell of stock-flah.* 

6 Bmekf for smelt of. 

7 Forftii, iranegress, offend, ttomfarfaire, Fr. 

Eocal. Hiat fellaw is a ieDow of much tioeoee :— 
let him be called before usw— Away witfi her to pri- 
son : Go to ; no more words. {£»tuni Bawd wid 
Officera.l Provost, my brother Angelo will not be 
alteHd, Claudio must die to-morrow : let him be 
furnished with divines, and have all charitaUe pre- 
paration : if my brother wrought by my pity, it 
should not be so with him. 

Prov, So please you, this firiar hath been with 
him, and advised him for the entertainment of death. 

£sea/. Good even, good &ther. 

Duke. Bliss and goodness on you 1 

EocaL Of whence are you? 

Duke, Not of this country, though my chance ii 
To use it for mv time : I am a brother 
Of gradous order, late come from the see, 
In special business from his holiness. 

£$eal. What news abroad i' the woiid ? 

Duke, None, but that there is so great a fever on 
goodness, that the dissolution of it must cure it : 
novelty is only in request ; and it b as dangerous 
to be aged in any kind <^ courae, as it is virtuous to 
be constant in any undertaking. There is scarce 
truth enough alive, to make societies secure ; but 
security enough, to make fellowships accura'd :* 
much upon this riddle runs the wisdom of the world. 
This news is old enoudi, yet it is every day's 
news. I pray you, sir, of what disposition was the 

EeeaL One, that, above all other strifes, con- 
tended especially to know himself. 

Duke. What pleasure was he given to ? 

Eeeal. Rather rejoicing to see another mernr, 
than merry at any thing which professed to make 
him rejoice : a gentleman of all temperance. But 
leave we him to his events, with a prayer they may 
prove prosperous ; and let me desire to know how 
you find Claudio prepared. I am made to under- 
stand, that you have lent him visitation. 

Duke. He professes to have received no sinister 
measure from his judge^ but most willingly hum- 
bles himself to the determination of justice : yet had 
he framed to himself^ by the instruction of his finali- 
ty, many deceiving promises of life : which I, by 
my good leisure, have discredited to nim, and now 
is he resolved* to die. 

Eaeal. Tou have paid the heavens your function, 
and the piisoner the very debt of your csJling. I 
have labour'd for the poor gentleman, to the ex- 
tremest shore of my modesty ; but my brother jus>- 
tice have I found so severe, that he hath forced me 
to tell him, he is indeed— justice. *° 

Duke. If his own life answer the straitness of his 
proceeding, it shall become him well j wherein, if 
he chance to fail, he hath sentenced himself. 

EecaL I am going to visit the prisoner ; Fare you 

Duke, Peace be with you ! 

[Exeunt Escalus and Provost 

He, who the sword of heaven will bear, 
Should be as holy as severe ; 
Pattern in himself to know, 
Grace to stand, and virtue go ;'* 
More nor less to othera paying. 
Than by self>ofiences weighing. 
Sl^ame to him, whose cruel striking 
Kills for faults <^ his own liking ! 
Twice treble shame on Angelo, 

8 The allusion is to those lenl eeeuritiee Into which 
fellowship leads men to enter for each other. For this 
quibble Shakspeare has high authority, < He that 
hateth euretiehip ie eure.* Prov. xi. 15. 

9 i. e. satisfied : probably because convletfcm leads 
to decision or resolution. 

10 Sumnmmjue. eumma injuria. 

11 This passage is very obscure, nor can It be cleared 
without a more licentious raraphase than the reader 
may be willing to allow. < He Aiat bean the sword of 
heaven should be not less holy than severe : should be 
able to discover in himself a pattern of such grace as 
can avoid temptation, and such virtue as may go abroad 
into the worU without danger of seduction.' 

O, whu uf n»B wtthim him lute, 
^nwagh ■'MB*' o ^B outward tide ! 
" m BUf UkeiuH, nada in erinaa. 

Mart pnd'nv Bd nMudarihingi 
Cnft aniaM tIoc 1 bom uiiIt : 

Bo ibajuH ilnJI, V Uw^^Wd, 
Par witb filaabunl &k« ajiactdki. 
Aadparfonai- " 

ACT rv, 

SCENE L ^ JI*** w Uariuia'a ffwM. Ma- 

u*ai duegand itMBv i ■ Jtay mmfimt. 


7W^ <A tab rtaw %» oaay, 

Liglut (W da Miibad «a m .- 

SnA^flH^ M MaTrfi* aSr^ 
aail>d in hIii. 
Jfarf. Bnak off tfa; H^, and haiu tlua qukk 

H«r« conn a rain of cMnloTt, iriiows adviea 
Balh sAad illll'd an bmrUni diacootaat.— 

I or T^ nanj, ^ ; and will eanld wiib 
Vim had BM inad laa her* M umncal ; 
Im Be fFKais m^ asd halwn nu M, — 
Mt D^Ttfa H maeh dinleaa'd, bai plflM*d mj WE>a." 
iMf. Tn good ; itioogh atiuic oft hatb ncfa a 

To miks bad, good, and good proroke to hana. 
1 pnj Jon, (slfni*, halh uij tnitj inquired fix me 
MI* iCHiaj t much npon ilui lino hare I proraii'd 

JWvC Tm han aol been loqairad iiysr. I hare 
Mt btn all d*7. 

SiOt, I do conitantlj bcliers rou:— He time 
ia cooa, ana now. I ahall ci»n joui fbriiaarance 
* Uula ; may be, I will uU tqioa job bbob, Sot aome 
kdvaaiaga to fauneir. 

3ibn. I an tlwan bouBd la too, [Etii. 

IMa. Tei} amU MI, aad welcame. 
Whatiillie aew* bno thia imd depulr? 

Iiab. Ha bath a pRlaa cimuamuPd' with brick, 
Whoaa waatem nda ia with a riBewd baek'd ; 
And lo that naejard ii a plaaehe^ glte, 
That mikei hii Dpeoiiig with thii bigger koj : 
Thu other dulh amiinaDd a Utile door, 
Which 6am tho vme^ird to the garden lewU ; 
There hare I madii nw proraiio to call on him, 
Vfoa the heaiT middle oT lbs nighl. 

Dula. Bui •hall yon on jour knoi'tedge find Ihii 

nar be eiplalned br "hu I 

AogelD'e rite reqi 

MatUiig, snixke on the tiaai.' 
The old CDplea read lUiUu. The imeBilallon It Mr. 
Miloae'i. Thn HIUB at aim (Aacnre paaiin appear* 
Iff be ^—' How mif petioBi anumJnf ihg fUnoM oi 
■eiDlilaiwe of ?]niM, while ihejr are Id Ihei niltiT ofibe 
. ... -■ 1, Hinm,,^^ j^nHiij 

m ptaunatoiia the . 

» k diw ON ippaar canedn to wtam lUi beauuriil 
HUaaeBfttfhilTlbekBfe. 1e leftHindwkhioBiMiUoii- 
U ■UniB In riHcbar^ Bbodi Bruhw. Mr. UeloiH 
prinBhai 8liBk>peare>i, Mr. Boewall think* Fletcher 
Ea* ihi bea e latin uttt; Mr. Wetaur thai SlukipBirt 
nay h>n wHan the Ara lUBia. aad Fkichar iba t^ 

Jiak I k*a ■>••■* fat aad ^ __. 
Whh wbiapiriu Bad BOM niln <^«i 
b BBlka lA of prsnal, te fid &H> ^ 

J)^. An ^n M oAw lAlM 

B i l iii M jaa *bm4 aoaatamfitr ahvnant 

Aak I^ asaa, bai <ahr ■ lapak PdH fafk I 
AadlhBtlbBw ay iM ' f Mw^aiy»B»ti^ 
Caa hB b« bri^_kT ban >Bd« ka ^S^ 

TliBlitaji*iBoBBBj ahnaajiiaaiawiBlfc 
I eoaa AM mj baker. 

Dalm. ■nannfcam*^ 

I hBTB Bot nt made bnowa to HariaM 
- woidofa^:— Wba^k■lwiIUal•aMte*f 

tfnij nd, ba aeqauModwil 

MImi. oLi friar, I know yon 4a: ul ttm 

IMt. Tike ibta thk 700 rn«|i>iJnw h «» 
Who balk a ilarj raadf far joor Mr e 
'ibill atUod jBOrlainrBjkat^ikBbMlBi 
KannimaB ai^ affnacbea. 
aOHT mFlpleBBBjMiwdk^iBt 

[ J i — t M a at aaa idfct»mHA. 
iMhi. place and frealHH, mBBbm ^Hb 

MMaAncBlbeat TChvasefnaBt 
loa wkb Oeae bba aad DMMt BM^iBM mMHP 
UpoBtbrdoMnl tkoiMad Vibiim" tfwit 
lbk« tlMSubar of Ikaw i2e^aa■^ 

M. ebBniMhaUw«Uipfi*aqwab«,fe*«^ 

£yki. ii 1 1 Bj iiiiuMi, 

Bat onriBlm^loo. 

JM. ] 

Whrn Ton dnart fi« 

VM. rear me woh 

Daba, Nor, Mile danghter, Tear fou Mt U illi 
ia jour huuand on a pre^ceolract ; 
bfmg JOD Ihni tofother, *rie ao aia j 
Silk that tbeiBBtie* of jour tiUa to hin 
Doth Bimiik'' ike deeeiL Come, let tn fo ; 
" ' — n*p, for Jot our tillh'i" to hw. 

SCENE n. A Rasa in At Prim, fatr Pl» 

Proa. Come Utber, linafa : Can joa rot «ff « 

Cb. If the taao be a bachelor, lir, I can : but if 
be b* a manled man, he ia hii wile'i head, and I 

Are oClkoee thu iarll weaia. 

Bdi fim ■« mj poor Dean free, 

Bound Id thoae fcj chaiu bj the*.' 

I Tboa(h lim muele eoMhed BJ eonowi. It 

■dene* u wodiKe IMii DHirlraent. 

S CtrtmrnrnvV, wdled round. 

ILa.&tfteiaed. Tku Shjlock eaja. 
■ I haTa fecHW^ jesr grace of Hbu I 
S ain«, inte. • Qwatt, InqaMOc 
10 <aHrn, lalllM, apsnin wUei. 




vOTM| ■Ty HBVfe BM ywtt ■MltdMtly Slid 

▼ield me a direct UHnrer. To-roorrovr moniiiif «re 
to die Clawfio and BvMudiiie t Here ii ia our pri- 
■oa ft cominoii ea e cu tioDery ino in Ms office wdn 
a helper: if yoa will take it ob jtm to assist htm, it 
shad redeem jo« from jour f]rTee;* if not. fou 
shall have your full time of imDrisonmenty and jonr 
defirerance with an mipiUed* whippiof ; lor you 
have been a notorious bawd. 

da. Sir. I have been an onlawfiil bawd, time out 
tf mind ; out jet I wiO be content to be a lawful 
lanfman. I wouldbeglad toreeeiresomeinstnie- 
uoo from my fsllow naitner. 

X70V. Wiiat ho^ Aboorsoo ! YV nereis Abhofsoiiy 

JSmUr AiHomflOV. 

Abhor. Do TOO call, sir? 

JVdv. SuTsli, here's a fellow will heb joa to- 
morrow in ^roor eaeeution: If you think It meet, 
compound with him by the year, and let him abide 
hsre with you : if not, ose him tor the present, and 
dmiiss Um : He cannot plead his estimation with 
you ; he hath been a bawd. 

J&har, A bawd, sir? Fye upon him, he will dis- 
credit our mystery. 

Prtm. Oo to, sir ; you weigh equally ; a feather 
will torn the sttle. [EariL 

CIs. Prey^ sir, by your good fiivour (for, surely, 
ilr, a good atow* you have, but that you have a 
hanging look,) do you call, sir, your occupation a 

Akhmr, hjy sir, a mrsterir. 

CIs. Pninting, sir, I naTS heard say, b a mystery ; 
and your whores, sir, being membera of my oocupa- 
tion, using painting, do prore my ooeupatioo a mys- 
tery : but what mystery there soould oe in hanging, 
if I should be hang'd, I cannot imagine, 

Abhot. Sir, it is a mystery. 

dfc ProoC 

Abhor, Every true* man*8 apparel fits your thief: 
If it be too little for your thief^ your true man thinks 
it bi« enough ; if it be too big for jrour thief^ your 
thiel thinks it little enough : so every true man's 
mpparel fits your thieC* 

Jts-ea/er Provost. 

Jhvo. Are you agreed ? 

CIs. Sir, I will serve him; for I do find, your 
liancman is a more penitent trade than your bawd : 
1m mMh oAener ask forgiveness. 

Pyveu Tou, sirrah, nrovide your block and your 
aae, to-morrow four oMock. 

Ahkar. Come on, bawd ; I wiO instruct thee in 
fay trade ; follow. 

Clx I do desire to learn, sir ; and, I hope, if you 
have occasion to use me for your own turn, ^ou 
•hall find me yare ;' for, truly, sir, for your kmd- 
uses, I owe vou a good turn. 

JProv. Call hither Bamardine and Claudio: 

[Eatunt Clown imd AaHonsox. 
One has my pity ; not a k>t the other, 
Being a murderer, though he were my brother. 

^fllsr C LAUDIO. 

Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy death ; 
*Tis now dead midni^t, and bv eipit to-morrow 
Thou most be made immortal. Where's Barnar- 

1 t e. feelers. 

9 i. •. a whipping that none shall pity. 

9 Favour is couiuenance. 4 i. e. honest 

i Warburton says, *thi8 iNt>ve8 the thiej^t trade a 
mystery, not tiie hancman'Sf' and therefore supposes 
that a speech in which the hangman proved his trade 
a mystery to lost, part of this last speech being in tlie 
old edjikms given to the down. But Heath observes, 
« The argument of the hangman is exactly similar to 
that of the down. As the latter pats In his claim to the 
whores ss members of his occupation, and in virtue of 
their paindng would enroll his own fraternity in the 
* mystery of painters ; so the former equally lays claim 
to the thieves ss members of his occupaUon, and in their 
light endeavours to rank his brethren the hangmen un- 
der the mystery of fitters of apparel, or tailors * 

• 1 e. ready. 7 i. e. strongly 

(Smi, As fiMt lock'd up b sleep, as gmltless la- 
When it lies starkly* m the traveller's bonee : 
He will not wake. 

i^tw. Who can do good on him ? 

Well, go, prepare yourself. But harii, what noise ? 

[Knotkhag wUun* 
Heaven give your spirits comfort ! [Eail C l a v mo. 

By and by :— 
I hope it is some pardon, or reprieve. 
For the most gentle Claodiow— Welcome, father. 


Dukt, The best and vrholeoome spirits of the 
Envelope you. good Provost ! Who call'd here of 

Prov. None, since the cuifow rang. 

DaJbe. Not Isabel? 

Ptoo. No. 

DmAs. They will then, ereH be long. 

Proo. What comfort is for Claudio? 

jDuJke. There's some in hope. 

Proo. It is a Utter deputy. 

Dukt. Not so, not so ; his life isparallel'd 
Even with the stroke* and line of his great justice ^ 
He doth with holy abstinence subdue 
That in himself which be spun oil his power 
To Qualify* in others : were he meal'd'* 
Witn that whidi he corrects,then were he tyrannous , 
But this being so. he's jut.— Now are they come.— 
[Knockmg trMm.— 'Provost goes imi 
This is a gentle provost : Seldom when* ' 
The steeled gaoler is the friend of men.— 
How now? What noise? That spirit's poosess'd 

with haste. 
That wounds the unsisting** postern with these 
strokes. • 
Provost rdanu, ijpeoUig Is one dt ihedoor, 

Prov. There he must stay, until the officer 
Arise to let him in ; he is caH'd up. 

Duke, Have you no countermand for Claudio yet. 
But he must die to-morrow ? 

Prov. None, sir, none. 

Duke, As near the dawning^ Provost, as it is, 
Tou shall hear more ere morning. 

Prov. Happily,** 

You something know ; yet, I believs. there comes 
No countermand ; no such example nave we : 
Besides, upon the very siege** oi justice, 
Lord Anselo hath to the public ear 
Profess'a the contrary. 

Enter a Messenger. 

Duke. This is his lOTdship's man. 

Prov, And here comes Claudio's pardon. 

3f«ts. My lord hath sent you this note ; and by 
me this fiirther charfe, that you swerve not from 
the smallest article of it, neither in time, matter, or 
other circumstance. Good-morrow ; for, as I tabs 
it, it is almost dav. 

Prov, I shall obey him. fExit Messenger. 

Duke, This is his pardon ; puroias'd by such sin. 

For which thepardoner himself is in: 
Hence bath offence his quick celerity. 
When it is borne in high authority : 
When vice makes merey, merey's so extended, 

8 Stroke is here put for the atroke of a pen, or a line. 

9 To queUify is to temper, to moderate. 

10 Mitat^d appears to mean here sprinkled, o*erdusted, 
defiled \ I cannot think that in this insunce it has any 
relation to the verb to mttt^ meddle or mix whh 

11 This is absurdly printed Seldom, when, fcc. hn all 
the liUe editions. * sAdom-tthen (1. e. rore/y, not often) 
is the uteeled gaoler the friend of men.* Thus in old 
phraseology we have a^ldom-ttme^ any-teheny kr. The 
comma between seldom and when is not in the old copy, 
but an arbitrary addition of some editor. 

13 Tiie old copies readtha^.— Monck Mason wopoeed, 
un/isff'nr, i e. unheeding, which is intelligible. But I 
prefer Sir W. Blackstone*s suggestion, that unoiahng 
may sleiiify * never at rest,' always opening. 

13 Ilapiljf, haply, perhaps the oM mthogrephy of the 

14 i e. seat. 

reads fciodad^ ■■ t, h ra iW doi 

,Mnki ' 

pTK. ltoU*oa: Lead Auda, bc-Uke, tbulni ! wm.* U uj &^ U U j*b i^aa ihi^ ■ 
M* naiBi a Min* iCct, (•nkeu b« viih lUa ta ^ ilua ikuki skI food (jiiiii, bf iW HBt ^la 

Mnw fH aiy iU« la Pu IfJit. W«r job ivn lo Aa d^r, ar lo tti 
. ^, mEMledif/sv ^Uk dodk , dc[<iflT? 

■•^.n flk«i^giiM,a«niTfai; ftr ■»>»■»■ «!- Pr^ To Ub, >nd Id kii aktilMea. 
(it/lKiM^ irf w t«t CteiAo'i knJ •m _> ly /k. ' £iUl Ton ^ ib^ na han Hde BaaCw, 
/jf <jhjiirfiAriii/aMW;iBida tliiTh, Ail ■»-( if t>k dub iToock Ik* jaMin sf nai ^al^ I 
d.p.i«bMifA_niH^.Kdf«av. rku>il ■<« PnK. Bui whai bkelibmd b ia thai ? 

ZaJk Nm ■ RKBblaao, bat a cttiMmtj. Tit 

<.n<:': 1 ice joq frajlbl^ thai aeilker aij cotf* m- 

-' •< DOT mi prnuuioD, caa wiih eaar irnaal 

1 wil) n tunher tbaa I naaat, l» plock d 

oui of Tou. Look TOO, IB, hen n tb* taid 

_-. eaJof itrduke. Yin kaoo ihe ehaiacKc, 1 

•enled n Ibe all 
Pnt. A lt'>h< 

Bannnfiac, who u lo be n - 

bora; butbenaunnlapai 

Dolu. Halh ba 
•mT Hon 
Pm>. A 

LB UBdoubual proo£ 

LUOKir pini 
■a UHKhsd' 

iu«d brhiDi 

E apprrbai 
nadTuIlj, bui ai a dnrafcca ■) 

/»■. He will bear Dooe : ha halh 
tka libartj of tha priaoo ; |ive bin le 
beace, he wodd bo4 : dnink aiany til 
not aiaa* daja eatinlj dnuk. ne bi 
awaksd hiai, u if to tvtj hiai lo e 

K. 1 kao« th«D both. 
J^ The coatcati of tUa 



! ,«a •hall fi»l, wilbla ibee* iWo <la>a ha iria 

"iiJ^ 1' ^™ i«.«: 

nen of BUwa •». 


Dp Ibe ibepbenL' Pu 

the iLiioMiei Mar 

ai. b-rwa. Call 

e»c<nio«r,^J off with 

pre bim a pnaeal ahrift, 


' [>Iace. Yrl joa an ami 

uxl: batthk ^a 

alely peaolTe* yoo. Cocna awa; ; il ia alaaat 

uw'd Mo a aatnuDg wamai for it : il biuh bdI 
■aored bin al alL 

JMh. Mure of him uwn. Hiere ia writteo in 
yoiir brow, Proroii, honeatj and comiaiKy : if 1 
read il not tnilj, im' ancient akilL bcnuilei me ; biji 
in tha boldAfMi of mj gudiud;/ 1 will laj myat-.f 
b haiard. Clauilio, whom you have a war- 
rant tu eierur't, ia no fjTcaler Ibrfeil to ibe law Ihan 
ADanlo who lialb eentenml him : To make rou 
unirraland Ihia ia a nanifeated eflect, I crave but 
Ciur daj^a' rrapila : fiir the which jiou are to do ms 
!>olb a nrewnl and a danirroua courteiT. 

Pm!: Ptar, air, ia what 7 

Ihtke. In (he delajini; d< 


7 baring the hour 

to duliver bia head in the view of Ai 
nako mji eaae ti Claudio'i, to crc 

ihi*r. By tliD»Dwormineorder,I wairanl jou, 
if my inalruciifini may 1» your j^ido- Let thii 

bOTDfl (o Angela. 
Prof. An^nlri bath leen tbeni bolh, and will du- 

Dgkr. O^ealhV a areat diiniierr ; and you mat 
add to it. Sliave the hvad, and tie tha beard ; and 

I Fuiu«r 

hi'i'iJd rul: 

barmln^ly for charmlngTy bar. 

iy Magaeify. 

velhehaad and ile the beard— tha loUTM ia 
MBDaea.' Thla inubably alliidee to a pra«l« aDion; 
Bvnan Cathnllca of dnlrinc In receln tba bmmn ut 
Ike amika bafun they died. 

1 ■ Whatlawrlli' we abmild md 'terawrili* the 
Buhe iB4iNtiie t» ihn lennr In hli band. 
I Bn Mlhoii In i;<Hnu> :~ 
■ Thu ur thai kld> the •henherd fold 

f^CtlNElO. ..IwKlWr Aeeai IS Iki aiOK Ei^ 


Cln. I am t* weS ac^nainled here, aa I waa ■ 

Dirr houae of profeiaiQd ; one would think il waiv 
mi'freaa OvFrdoDc^i own bouae, for here ba ma^ 
Hif h'-rold cuelomcrs. Fiiit, here*! raang naatat 
7Cjj---N:'° he^f in for a commodily of brown paper 
nn<l ijld fiD^r, nineacoreandBeTenleeflpaunda; ef 
uhirli be made fire marki, ready monev :■ ' mafTTt, ([inger waa not mor.h in rpqueii, for the old 

101 Caper, at iheauit of nailer Three-nile the mer- 

Khu:h now peaehei hbn a beirsr. Then have wa 
hrri' roung Dity, and yount; maaler Deen-iow. and 
maitcr Copper-npur, and manor 1 

liilIM luaty PuddLnc -' — -■--' 

icr, and brare mu 

an-i xild Hair-can thai ilabb'd Pot!, and, 1 Ibiah^ 

Turty more ; all iroat doon in our trade, and ara 

now Tur the Lord'i lako." 

.^Mdt. Sirra)^ biing Btnurdioo hither. 

ouna Drop-hcir 
Dr rorthrighl Ih 

iw,\ in ahakipeare'i age. Begldni ihote whose tbillea 
m^ ci>mmon to all limen, we have fourflBhiinf nienand 
1 EratsllM. Il l> nM unlikolj that tbn orliin«l« of iha 

II It wai Iha ptacUre of mnney Icnden In ahak- 

ut partly In gnndi and panly In caeh. The erndi w«a 

pries, and of Ibeee commndnlea It appears thai ireuN 
pqp'randfTKfer nflenlbrnied a^iart. 

w[LH iFio lanfuace in whieb pridoTiera who were 


C* »o«a,/»r E4a 




jthkar. What, bo, Barnardiiie ! 

BwTMr» [WWihC\ A pea o* jfour throatil Who 
Aaket thmt nobe UnM What are you? 

do. Tour friendi, or ; the hangman: Ton moat 
be 80 food, >i^ to raa and be put to death. 

Bcrmv* [IrUftm.] Awaj, you rogue, twayj I 
an aleepy. 

JIhkat, TeU hnn, he moat awake, and that quickly 

Cb. Pnty, master Bamardhie, awake tiU you are 
•leeated, and sleep afterwards. 

Ahhor. Go m to him, and fetch him out. 

Go, He is coming, sir, he is coming ; I hear his 
Kraw rustle. 

Enttr BAmiTAnDiint. 

Abihar, Is the axe upon the block, sirrah? 

dok Terr ready, sir. 

Banur, How now, Abhorson? what's the news 
with you 7 

Abkat, Truly^ sir, I would desire you to clap into 
voor prayera ; (or, look you, the warrant's come. 

Bwmar. Tou rogue. I have been drinking all 
tight, I am not fitted lor't. 

Cb. O, the bette^ sir j for he that drinks all 
Jught, and is hangedf betimes in the morning, may 
aloep the sounder all the next day. 

JBaler Duke. 

IxMik TOO, sir, here comes your ghostly 
^tbor ; Do we lest now, think you ? 

IMbs. ffir, induced by my cnarity, and hearing 
hicm hauttily you are to depart, I am come to adrise 
jroo, comfort you, and pray with you. 

*^ r. Fnar, not I ; I have been drinking hard 

mil night, and I will have more time to prepare me. 
Or they shall beat out mr brains with bulets : I will 
Slot consent to die this day, that's certain. 

Dmhe. O, sir, you must t and therefore, I beseech 

forwara on the journey you shall go. 

I swear, I wiU not die tOHUiy for any 
sman's persuasion. 

Dulee. But hear youv— 
Sonar. Not a word ; if you have any thing to 
s«y to me, come to my ward ; for thence will not I 
K^>-day. [ExU, 


Dmk», Unfit to liye, or die : O, grayel heart !— 
-After him, follows ; bring him to the block. 

[Exeunt Abhorsou tmd Clown. 

Rrev, Now, sir, how do you find the prisoner ? 

Z>iiiE«. A creature unprepar'd, unmeet for death ; 
^nd, to transport* him in the mind he is, 
'Were damnable. 

Rnv. Here in the prison, father, 

^Mre died this morning of a cruel fever 
One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate, 
Jk saan of Clandio's years ; his beard and head, 
Just of his colour : What if we do omit 
^lufl repcobate, till he were well inclined ; 
And satisfy the deputy with the visage 
Of Ragonne. mora like to Claodio'' 

Duke, O, his an accident that heaven provides ! 
l>e«patch it presently; the hour draws on 
Prenz'd by Angelo ; See, this be done. 
Aiftd sent accoraing to command ; whiles I 
Persuade this rode wretch willinsly to die. 

Jh-ov. This shall be done, gooa father, presently. 
Bat Bamardine must die this aHemoon : 
And how shall we continue Claudio^ 
JV> save me fi*om the danger that might come, 
Vhe were known alive ? 

Duke. Let this be done :— Put them in secret holds. 
Both Bamardine and Claudio ; Ere twice 
The sun hath made his journal greeting to 

1 L e. tn remove him from one world to another. The 
Frtnch trepae affords a kindred sense. 

2 The under generation^ the antipoden. 

3 Tour hoeom^ is your hearths desire^ your wish. 

4 Shakspeara uses combine for to bind by a poet or 

The under generation,' you riiafi find 
Tour safety manifested. 

Proo. 1 am your firee dependant. 

Dicilce. Quick, despatch. 

And send the head to Angelo. [Exit Provost. 

Now will I write letters to Angelo,— 
The provost he shall bear thenv— whose contents 
Shall witness to him I am near at home ; 
And that by great injuncti<ms, I am bound 
To enter publicly : him HI desire 
To meet me at tne consecrated fount, 
A leafue bebw the city ; and from thence. 
By cold gradation and weal-balanced fonn. 
We shall proceed with Angelo. 

/{e-snler Provost. 

Proo. Here is the head ; m carry it nsjrself. 

Duke. Convenient is it : Make a swifl return ; 
For I would commune with you of such things. 
That want no ear but yours. 

Prov. rn make all speed. 


look, [JVukm] Peace, ho. be here! 

Duke, The tongue of Isaoel ;— She's come to 
If yet her brother's pardon be come hither ; 
But I will keep her ignorant of her aood. 
To make her neavemy comforts of aespur. 
When it is least expected. 

Enter Isabella. 

Joab, Ho, by your leave. 

Duke, Good morning to you fidr and gracjoos 

/sa6. The better given me by so holy a man. 
Hath yet the deputy sent my brother's pardon? 

Duke, He hath releas'd him, Isabel, from tho 
His head is oflT, and sent to Angelo 

leab. Nay, mit it is not so. 

Duke. It is no other : 

Show your wisdom, daughter, in your close patience. 

leab. O, I will to him, ana pluck out bis eyes. 

Duke. Tou shaU not be admitted to his sight. 

leak. Unhappy Claudio ! Wretched Isabel ! 
Injurious world f Most damned Angelo ! 

Duke, This nor hurts him, nor profits you a jot : 
Forbear it therefore : give your cause tv heidven. 
Marie what I say, which you shall find 
By every syllable a foithnil verity : 
Tne duke comes home to-morro'y i —nay, dry your 

One of our convent and his confessor. 
Gives me this instance : Already Le oath carried 
Notice to Escalus and Angelo ; 
Who do prepare to meet him at the gates, 
Tliere to give up their power. If you can, pace 

your wisdom 
In that good path that I would wish to jgo ; 
And you shall have your bosom' on this wretch, 
Grace of the duke, revenges to your heart. 
And general honour. 

Jeab, 1 am directed by you. 

Duke, This letter then to fiiar Peter give ; 
^T\B that he sent me of the duke's return : 
Say, by this token, I desire his company 
At Mariana's house to-night. Her cause and yours, 
I'll perfect him withal ; and he shall bring you 
Before the duke ; and to the head of Angek> 
Accuse him home, and home. For my poor sel^ 
I am combined^ by a sacred vow, 
And shall be absent. Wend^ you with this letter 
Command these fretting waters from your eyes 
With a light heart ; trust not my holy order. 
If I pervert your course. — ^Who's here? 

Enter Lucio. 

Friar, where is the Provost ? 

arr^fment; so he calls Angelo the eombinate husband 
6 Le.Oo< 

Good eveiK 

JUb. Vat withaL dr. 


to lea ttdM dja< bo red : Iboa BMUt ba pftlicDt 

dUB M« br Mr kwiai b; IhU;! doe fruiiVuL 
MtcI woiU Mt DM Uft! Bat lh«7 nj ihrduks 
win be bare M iiitpw. BT "V >nUi, InbsL I 
biT'dlinbnMhMi VtbaddftMMacildiJwor *tui 
Barawilwl bMB It knau be had Ihed. 

JMbb Kr, th* dAe b BUnDm bide b«hol<!cn 
to nur r«Mt( i bM Ae bHi ia be Bna aol b them. ' 

Zwih TiiM, Aou lomnM wK tbe di*e ae well 
■■ I do: ba*! o battmraodana* ibu tbou uk>it 

a. Wan, jta'S m 

la day. Fir. 

Zmli. Haj, tan; ; HI jo iloof iritb ilue ; I 
CO t^ tbaa IxeH; Mlaa aTaa dak*. 

ihdb*. ToBbnaUUaalMaaq'orinmtlmdv, 
IB, if Aajbe trug; if Dot true, Dcaa wan Fnnugh. 

XMa. 1 inl aaaa baOita bim Ibr fatliB(i,weDdi 

ihb. Didj«MKhBtUB(t 

/mm. Tee, laaBT, did I ; bol mrftu lo foi^ 
■wasr it ; dHj wooU ^a baTo marrtad bo lo ihe 

iMa. Mtyror tn^a>r h fairer HiuhDnen; 

Zmw. B]PBJtrotli,nigowIIIitbealot1ielui«'< 
•adi ITbawdT tab offiodTaiiiWaniluTaTtTy Utile 
cf it: Haj, fiiu lama kutd flf burr, IrikalL nick. 

EkJ. SmyleHerbabathwiiihatbdinoudi'd 


triienoiiea onrgraeo wabara finoL 
NoiUuiOaaiidit: «e anaM Md m noU at 

CENE T. /U*«MiatMt XW>. .BM-IWa 

ia «> MM IkaM, Bd Mar Pma. 
Auk. Thaaa iailan al fit liiBa daETer ma. 


The ProTMl knovn our purpou, and am flat. 

Hia leiiani ihow ataeb like lo aiadiiaaa : pra> 
fen, hi* wiadaa be Dot tabilad t Aodol^iufi! 
at tha ntea, aad rodeKTvr oar lotlioriliaa ihei 

Etui. IcDMiBat. 

Ang. Jud vh; Aoold we uradum it m an 
bafcra bia aatena^ that, iraa;r n** ndrsu of 
iiguMica, tbej riMmM eibilHt tbeir petitiBiii i 

Ang. Well, I beieech joo, lal it be pncluini'd 
Balmiei i' Iha mom, FH call 70U at joDr house : 
Gire Dolica to nich men of url and mil,* 

A»t. Owid night.— 
Tliii d«ed uiuhapai oa 

proeeedjag. A deBow«r'd m 
aeal bodr. thai CDforc'd 

that bar teoder ab 


The law , 

Will 001 pracliim tguail her awidan k 

How might ahe toogaa ma 7 Tat tti 

i A iBwdman wai ui ■uendaat on the IbTc^rrr 
rVAi «nplD]r°wn[ wkj huniing. It it here ii5ti\ 

a, FiUulT uki hii mlaiaaaai in ths UeiTT Wivi 

4 Flfure and rank. 

6 Unraadr, unprepirad i thecoatnijIoiH'ir^nanf Id 

t n dure hu iwa iliiiiaculaaa ; id Icrrifa, om 

■ Duw mmA mlnhjeli 

nd to dtaliaigt at eaUfurlk, u In K. Henr; IV. r 


g, nltatFMitfbwa, 

Ettr Tuuun. 
DA. 1 tbaak Ibea, Tairiuij (ban haat Hrie 

SCEEiE TI. Sbari aw tb> C% OaU. 
bxaaLLx aad BUuuii. 

^.-r_.i T^ ra ad*M M da k; 

Ir RiTi, to 'Tailfiil' ■ porpoae. 
Mtri. BeraMbrl 

liiA. Baadea, ba talla ■•, '*--- =*-—•■ 

jlf,^ 1 wooU, biMiVtU. 

Itri. 0,paica; IbafiiBTlaei 

E^^l^r FntB VwTtm." 
F. Poa: Coma, I hare found joa OM a > 
1 haTi aucti nntage » 

Where jTOu a 
He BbaO not 

iiiedi'"'' ""* 
i|L* and Iha graTeat atizenii, 
the gatai, and Tory near upon 

SCENE L .ipaWie Plan ■«-(»( Ci^rGalr. 
Minimi. {cnTd,) laiiiLLA, aid Parsa, « a 
diiimcr. Enltr at BppomU inan, Ddie, V>JI- 
miTi, Lordi ; AnaaLa, EacAini, LirciD, Pi*- 



IMhr. Biy wry fpcfiif wwi, fciriy Bict ;— 
Oar old andrfiiithfiil frtoad, w« are dad to m« you. 
Jtug, mud EtotL Happy return be to your rojral 

DiAu Many and haai^ thankinn to Ton both. 
We have made inqoiiy or yon ; and we near 
8udi foodness <^yourJu8twe, that our aool 
Cannot but yield yon forth to public thanks, 
Pererunning nyare requitaL 
Amg, Tou make my bonds still sreater. 

/Ms> O, yov desert speaks loud ; and I should 
wrong it. 
To lock it in the wards of corert bosom. 
When it deserves of characters of brass 
A forted residence, 'gunst the tooth of time. 
And razure of oblivion : Give me vonr hand. 
And let the subfect see, to make tnem know 
That outward courtesies would fain proclaim 
Favours th%t keep within^— Coese, Escalus ; 
ITou must walk by us on our other hand ;— 
And good supporters are you. 

PxTcn on^ IsABKLLA comtfonoord. 

Fm Piier, Now b vour time ; speak loud, and 

kneel before him. 
/soft. Justice, O royal duke ! Vail* yonr regard, 
C7pon a wrong'd, Fd min have said, a maid I 
O worthy prince, dishonour not your eye 
By throwing it on any other object, 
*Iill you have heard me in my true complaint, 
.And given me, justice, justice, histice, lustice ! 
Ihihu Relate your wrongs : In what 7 by iHiom ? 
Be brief: 
Vlere b Lord Angelo shall give you justice ! 
XCeveal yourself to him. 

Ilsa&L O, worthy duke, 

"You bid me seek redemption of the devU : 
X^ear me yourself: for that which I must speak 
^tlnst eitlier puniali me, not being belie v'd. 
Or wring redress firom you ; hear me, O, near me, 
Aitg* My lord, her wits, I fear me, are not firm : 
le hAih been a suitor to me for her brother, 
ut off by course of justice. 
/«a6. By course of justice ! 

JiMg. And she wiH speak most bitteriy and 
strange. [q>eak : 

/soft. Motit strange, but yet asost tndv, will 1 
I mt Angelo*s forsworn, b it not strange / 
*Xliat Angelo's a murderer ; is't not strange ? 
T^liat Angelo is an adulterous thief^ 
•An hypocrite, a virgin-vi<dator ; 
.Ks it not strange, and strange ? 

D^ht, Nay, ten times strange. 

/•ob. It b not truer he b Angelo, 
Than thb b all as true as it is strange : 
^ay, it b ten times true ; for truth is truth 
To the end of redconing. 

Duke. Away with her : — ^Poor soul. 

She speaks thb in the infirmity of sense. 

Itab* O prince, I conjure thee^ as thou believ'st 
There b another comfort than this world, 
*rbat thou neglect me not, with that opimon 
That I am touch'd with madness : make not im- 
That which but seems unlike : 'tb not impossible 
But one the wicked'st catiff on the ground, 
May seem as shy, as grave, as just, as absolute, 

I To vail is to lower, to Utfallf to cast down. 

J L e. habiliments of office. 

i CharatU are diatinetive marka or characters. A 
Hatme of Edward VI. directs the seals of office of every 
biihop to have * certain charaeta under the king^ arms 
for the knowledge of the diocess.* 

4 The meaning appears to be 'do not suppose me 
mad because I speak Inconsistently or unemuUiy.* 

A I must say with Mr. Steevens that < I do not profess 
to onderstand these words.* Mr. Phelps proposes to 
read ' And Aid, the false seems true.* I. e. * The troth 
befaigbk), not discovered or made knnm, what is false 

As Angelo ; even so may Angelo, 
In all his dressings,* characts,' tides, forms. 
Be an arch villain : believe it, royal prince. 
If he be less, he's nothing ; but he's more. 
Had I more name for baoness. 

Duke, By mine honesty 

If she be mad (as I believe no other,) 
Her madness hath the oddest frame of sense. 
Such a dependency of thing on thing. 
As e'er I beard in madness. 

/«a6. O, gracious duke, 

Harp not on that ; nor do not banbh reason 
For mequaUty :* but let your reason serve 
To make the truth appear, where it seems hid ; 
And hide the &l8e, seems true.* 

Ddu, Many that are not mad. 

Have, sure, more lack of reason.'—What would 
you say 7 

laab, I am the sister of one Claudio, 
Gondemn'd upon the act of fbmicatioii 
To lose hb heid : condemn'd by Angek) : 
I. i n probation or a sbterhood. 
Was sent to by my brother : One Lucio 
As then the messenger ; — 

Jmoo. That's I, an't like your grace ' 

I came to her firom Claudio, and desir'd her 
To try her gracious fortune with Lord Angelo. 
For her poor brother's pardon. 

/sa6. That's he, indeed 

Duke. Ton were not bid to speak. 

Zmosi. No, my good lord ; 

Nor wbh'd to hold my peace. 

Duke. I wish you now then ' 

Pray you, take note of it: and when you have 
A business for yourself^ pray heaven you then 

Zmeio, 1 warrant your honour. 

Duke. The warrant's for yourself ; take heed to it. 

/ia6. This gentleman toui somewhat of my tale. 

Lucio. Ri^U 

Duke. It may be right ; but you are in the wrong 
To speak before your time.— Proceed. 

Jaab. I went 

To thb pernicious caitiff deputy. 

Duke. That's somewhat madly spoken. 

hab. Pardon it. 

The phrase b to the matter.* 

Duke. Mended again : the matter ; — ^Proceed. 

JaeA. In brief^ — to set the needless process by, 
How I persuaded, how I pray'd, and kneel'd. 
How he refell'd' me, and how I repljr'd ; 
(For thb was of much length,) the ^e conclusion 
I now begin with grief and shame to utter : 
He would not, but by gift of my chaste boay 
To hb concupiscible intemperate lust. 
Release my brother : and. after much debatement. 
My sisterly remorse' confutes mine honour, 
And I did yield to him. But the next mom betimes. 
Hb purpose surfeiting, he sends a warrant 
For my poor brother's head. 

Duke, This b most likely ! 

Jaab. O, that it were as like as it b true !* 

Duke, By heaven, fond*** wretch, thou know'at 
not what thou spcak'st ; 
Or else thou art suborn'd against hb honour, 
In hateful practice : * * f^rst, hb integrity 
Stands witnout blemish : — next, it imports no reason 
That with such vehemency he should pursue 
Faults proper to himself : if he had so offended. 
He would nave weigh'd thy brother by himself. 
And not have cut him off: Some one haih set you on , 

6 i. e. auitedvo the matter ; as in Hnrolct ; * the phrase 
would be more gcrraan to the matter.* 

7 /l//(p//'d l» refuted. 

8 Rrmorae is pity. 

9 The meaning appears tn be * O, that it had as much 
of the likeness or appearance, as it has of the reality of 

10 i. e. foolish. 

11 Practice was used by the old wmers for any ina> 
dioua atratagem or treachery. 




Confeu the truth, and saj by whoM adnce 
Thou cam'at here to complain. 

iMob, Andia this all? 

Then, oh, you hlossed miniiters above- 
Keep mc in patience ; and, with ripen'd time. 
Unfold the evil which is here wr^ up 
In countenance ! * — Heaven shield your grace from 

Aa I, thua wrong'd, hence unbelieved co ! 

Duke, I know, you'd fain be gone : — ^An officer! 
To prison with her : — Shall wo thus permit 
A blasting and a scandalous breath to fall 
On him so near us ? This needs must be a practice. 
'Who knew of your intent, and coming hither 7 

/«a6. One that I would were hero, friar Lodowick. 

Duke, A ghostly father, buUke : — ^Who knows 
that Lodowick? 

Imoo, My lord, I know him ; 'tis a meddling friar ; 
I do not like the man : had ho been lay, my lord, 
For certain words he spako against your grace 
In your retirement, I had swins'd him soundly. 

Duke, Words against me 7 This a good friar be- 
And to set on this wretched woman here 
Afainst our substitute ! — ^Let tliis friar be found. 

Jjudo. But yesternight, my lord, she and that friar 
I saw them at the prison : a saucy friar, 
A very scurvy fellow. 

F, Peter. Blessed be your royal grace ! 

I have stood by, my lord, and I have heard 
Your royal ear abus'd : First, hath this woman, 
Most wronfffully accus'd your subatituto ; 
Who is as free from touch or soil with her. 
As she from one ungot. 

Duke. We did bclievo no less. 

Know you that friar Lodowick that she speaks of ! 

F, Peter. I know him for a man divine and holy ; 
Not scurvy nor a temporary meddler,^ 
Aa he's reported by this gentleman : 
And, on my trust, a man that never yet 
Did, as he vouches, miareport your grace. 

Lucio. My lord, most vulanously ; bcheve iL 

F. Peter. Well, he in time may come to clear 
himself ; 
But at this instant he is sick, my lord. 
Of a strange fever: Upon his mere' request 
(Bcin*; come to knowledge that there was complaint 
Intended 'gainst lord Angelo^ came I hither, 
To speak, as from his moutn, what ho doth know 
Is true, and false ; and what lie with his oath. 
And all probation, will make up full clear. 
Whensoever he's convent ed.**^ First, for this woman 
(To justify this worthy nublcman. 
So vulgarly^ and personally accused ;) 
Her shall you hear dis^proved to her eyes. 
Till she herself confess it. 

Duke. Good friar, let's hear it. 

[Isabella is carried qff'f guarded ; and 
Makiara comes farwardm 

Do you not smile at this, lord Angelo ! — 
O heaven ! the vanity ot wretched fools !— 
Give us some scats. — Come, cousin Angelo ; 
In this ril be impartial ;*^ be you Jud^e 
Of your own cause. — Is this the witness, friar 7 
First, let her show her face ; and, after, speak. 

1 i. e. fiii.-'e fippcarance. 

3 It id hard m know what is nio.ini by a temporary 
mtiUUir^ I)«'rh;ii)s It was inteiuloii loriiiriiily * um. who in- 
!rothic*d /4.'rn^ '/aj» "iit-u as lie ci>ulil find c>]i[)ortunity 
iiitfi 'i!h' r /ri' r'ft ntr.ffnt.i.^ 

3 .Vt/ Imtc nii'nn:* uf»<f,lutf. 

4 Courtntiil. ( itfii, MiinmonLHl. o i. e. pnblicly. 
6 Jmpnrtitil w:is iisfil .xcmiotinio!? in iho pcnscuf /wr- 

tin! } and ih.nt ;ipii>ard Id Ik> {\\c s'-nsc hero. In the 
Ian!.'uai,'t3 nr' tin; tune, im wan rrcijncntly ui^cd as an in- 
tensive i>rauirniiii(utj\i! (lariit !>'. L'/'[Kinia) was sioinf. 
times u:>ed in ilit: in idorn hliho oI iniiiartial. Yi-t 
flhakr-ptMn; \\--cs. ihc w-ird in it-proiHT 5'tn>c in Richard 
IL Art i. S.\ '2. 

* M"whray, irnfurtinl are our eyes and cars?,' &c 
• ♦♦'♦» 

Should nuiliing privilogo lum noi partialize.* 

Mori, Pardon, milord; I will Mt ■bwrwyfcw 
Until my huabana bid me. 

Duke, What, are you nuuried? 

MarL No, my lora. 

Duke. Are yean maid? 

Man, No, mf lofL 

Duke, A widow then ? 

Mori. Neither, my lord 1 

Duke, WhjyVOT 

Are nothing then : — ^Neither maid, widow, nor ' ' 

Lmoo. My lord, the may be a puidi ^ (or 
of them are neither maid, widow, nor wife. 

Duke, Silence that fellow ; I wwdd he hiad 
To prattle for himseUl 

IJueio, Well, my lord. 

Mori. M^lord,Idoc(mfeasIne'«r 
And, I confess, besides, I am no 
I have known my husbuid ; yet my huaband 

Hiat ever he knew me. 

Lmoo, Ho wras drunk then, my loid ; it 
no better. 

Duke, For the benefit of silence, 'would thoa 
so too. 

Latdo. Welly my lord. 

Duke, This is no witness for lord A■>g^^^5^ 

Mori. Now I come to't, my lord : 
She, that accuses him of fornication. 
In sel&ame manner doth accuse my nubuid ; 
And charges him, my lord, with auch a tine^ 
When I'll depose I had him is mine arma, 
With all the effect of love. 

Ang, ChargoB she more than 

Mari, Not that I know. 

Duke, No 7 yoa say, yvxir 

OB \m 


Who thinks, 

Why. just, my lord, and that is Anfelo^ 
nks, he knows, that he ne'er knew mv 


But knows, he thinks, that he knew IsabePa. 
Ang, This b a strange abuse :*— >Let'a 

Mari. My husband bids me ; now I will 

This is that face, thou cruel Angelo, 

Which, once thou swor'st, was worth the looking 

This is the hand, which^ with a vow'd contract. 

Was fast belock'd in thine : this is the body 

That took away the match from Isabel, 

And did supply thee at thy garden-house,* 

In her iniaginM person. 

Duke, Know you thia wotnaB? 

Ijudo, Carnally, she says. 

Duke. Sirrah, no more. 

Lmcxo. Enough, my lord. 

Ang, My lora, I nuist confess, I know this wo* 
man : 
And, five years since, there was some ipeoda oC 

Betwixt myself and her ; which was broke (^ 
Partly, for' that her promised proportions 
Came short of composition ;* but, in chief^ 
Fur that her reputation was disvalued 
In levity : since which time of five years, 
I never'spakc with hnr, saw her, nor heard from her, 
Upon my faith and honour. 

Mari. Noble prince, 

As there comes light from heaven, and wonia from 

7 Abusf: Htand.i in this place for dectption or pussle. 
Su in Macl>i-:l) : 

' My siranpe and self afniec,^ 

mranp this f<trans^ dirtption uf niys»*lf. 

S Garden hnuurs were forinfrly much in fu«hk>n. and 
ortcn iiiji-d n» i)IarL>s ofrlandoHtine meeting and inuigue. 
Thvy wrre I'liirliy such bnildlnrii as we Hhould now 
call summrr /luusra, etandinL' in a wallc<l or enclosed 
garden in the i<uburb.-« of London. Soe Stubb*8 Anaio- 
niic of Abu;4(.<fl, p. 57. 4to. 1397, or Reed's Old Plays, 
Vol. V. p. 84. 

9 Ilcr fonnne which was promised proportionate It 
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Ai there is seaie in truth, and truth in Tirtue, 

I am affianc'd this roan'a wife, as itron^lj 

As words could make up tows : and, mv good lord. 

But Tuesdaj night last gone, in hie garden-house. 

He knew me as a wife : As tins is true 

LiSt me in safet/ raise me frmn my knees ; 

Or else for ever be con&xed here, 

A marble monument 1 

Ang. I did but smile till now ; 

IVow, good my lord, give me the scope of justice ; 
My patience here is touch'd : I do perceire, 
1bM9 poor informal* women are no more 
But instruments of some more mightier member. 
That sets them on : Let me have way, my lord, 
To find this practice ouL 

Duke, Ay^ with my heart ; 

And punish them unto your height of (rfeasure.^— 
Thou foolish friar ; ana thou pernicious woman. 
Compact with her that's gone ! think'st thou, thy 

^iMNigh they would swear down each particular 

Were testimonies against his worth and credit, 
T1mt*sseal*d in approbation?*— You. lord Escalus, 
St with my cowan ; lend him your kind pains 
To find out this abiMe, whence 'tis deriWd. — 
There is another friar that sets them on ; 
Jj&t him be sent for. 

#1 Psfar. Would he were here, my lord ; tor he, 
Hath set the women on to this complaint : 
Tour proTost knows the place where he abides, 
And be may fetch him. 

Dmkt. Cro, do it instantly. — [Exit Provost. 
And you, my noUe and well-warranted cousin. 
Whom it concerns to hear this matter forth,* 
00 with your injuries as seems you best, 
In any chastisement : I for a wnite 
Will wave you ; but stir not you, till you have well 
Determined upon these slanderers. 

JBWoL My lord, well do it thoroughly.— [fxtf 
Duke.] Signior Lucio. did not you say, you knew 
that fiiar Lodowidc to oe a dishonest person 7 

Lmoo. CueuOui non faeit monackmm : honest in 
nothing, but in his clothes ;^ and one that hath spoke 

speeches of the duke. 
£§eat. We shall entreat you to abide here till he 
eome, and entree them against him : we shall find 
this finar a notable fellow. 
£jiew. As any in Yienna, on my word. 
JE'seol. Call tJiat same Isabel here once again ; 
(3V on jUtendcmi.] I would speak with her : Pray 
my lord, give me leave to question ; you shall 
low m handle her. 

Not better than he, by her own report. 
£9eaL Say you? 

XiMao. Bfarry, sir, I think, if you handled her 
privntely, she would sooner confess; perchance, 
poUidy, she'll be ashamed. 

ffs swfrr Officers, with Isabella, tht Duke, tn the 
FHai'e habitf and Provost 
M!eeal. I will go darkly to work with her. 
£sieisi. That's the way ; for women are ligbt^ at 

JEmoL Come on, mistress: [7b Isabella.] 
here's a gentlewoman denies all that you have snid. 

i^neie. Bf y lord, here comes the rascal I spoke 
«r : here with the provost. 

iSeeed. In very good time :^«peak not yon to him, 
liU we call upon you. 

1 Informai signifies <mt of their eetuea. So in the 
Comedy of Ettots, Act. v. sc 1. 

* To make of him 9l formal man again.* 
The speaker had Just before said that she would keep 
AnctphoUsof Syracuse, who is behaving like a mad- 
nan, nill she had brought him Co his right wits again. 

9 mamped or eeaUd, as tried and approved. 

S I. e. out, lo the end. 

4 This is one of the words on which Shakspeare de- 
Utfs to quibble. Thus Portia, in the Merchant of 

•Lei me give ttMkLbut let me not be UghU 
§ TonlMtlilonftrWk. 


Lmdo, Mum. 

Eeeal. Come, sir : Did you set these women on 
to slander lord Angelo 7 they have confoss'd you did. 
/>!(/. c. Tis false. 

EecaU How I know you where you are ? 
Duke, Resuect to your great place ! and let the 

Be sometimes honour'd for his burning throne :— 
Where is the duke 7 'tis he should hear me speak. 

EeeaU The duke's in us ; and he will hear you 
Look, you speak justly. 

Dtdte. Boldly, at least :— But, O. poor souls, 
Come ^ou to seek the lamb here of the fox 7 
Good^^gfat to your redress. Is the duke gone 7 
Then is your cause gone too. The duke's unjust, 
Thus to retort^ your manifest appeal. 
And put your tnd in the villain^s mouth, 
Whicn here you come to accuse. 

Lueio. Tins u the rascal : tins is he I spoke of. 

EeeaL Why, thou unreverend and unhidlow'd 
Is't not enough, thou hast subom'd these women 
To accuse this worthy man ; but, in foul mouth, 
And in the witness of his prc^r ear. 
To call him ^Uain 7 

And then to ^ance firom him to the duke himself; 
To tax him with injustice 7 — ^Take him hence ; 
To the rack with him:— We'll touzeyou joint by 

But we will know this purpose :— What ! unjust 7 

Duke. Be not so hot ; the duke 
Dare no more stretch this finger of mine, than he 
Dare rack his own ; his subject am I not, 
Nor here provincial :* My buuness in this state 
Made me a looker-on here in Yienna, 
Where I have seen corruption boil and bubble. 
Till it o'errun the stew : laws, for all faults ; 
But faults so countenanc'd, that the strong statutes 
Stand like the forfeits in a barber's shop. 
As much in mock as maik.^ 

E»caL Slander to the state ! Away with him to 

Ang. What can you vouch against him, signior 
Is this the man that you did tell us of 7 

Ijucio. T^ he, my lord. Come hither, good* 
man bald-pate : Do you know me 7 

Duke. I remember, you^ sir, by the sound of your 
voice : I met you at ue prison in the absence of the 

Lueio. O, did you so? And do you remember 
what you said ofthe duke ? 

Duke. Most notedly, sir. 

Ludo. Do you so, sir? And was the duke a 
flesh-monger, a fool, and a coward, as you then re- 
ported him to be ? 

Duke. You must, sir, change persons with me, 
ere vou make that my report : you, indeed spoke so 
of him ; and much more, mucn worse. 

Lueio. O thou damnable fellow ! Did not I pluck 
thee by the nose, for thy speeches 7 

Duke. 1 protest, I love the duke, as I love my- 

Ang. Hark ! how the villain would close now, 
after nis treasonable abuses. 

EeeaL Such a fellow is not to be talk'd withal : — 
Away with him to prison :— Where is the provost? 

8 * His subject am I not ; nor here provincfat. Pro 
vincial is pertaining to a province ; mont usually inkisa 
for the circuit of an ecclestastlcal iurisdirtion. The 
chief or head of any religious order In such a province 
was called the provincial, to irttom alone the members 
of that order were accountable. 

7 Barbers* shops were anciently places of great re. 
sort for passing away time in ui iule manner. By wny 
of enforcing some kind of reeularity, and prrhaiw, at 
least as much tu promote drinking, certain laws were 
usually hung up, the traniuTeMion of which wa« [o be 
punished by specific /or/et /a ; which were ae much in 
mock ae mark^ because the barber had no authority of 
himself to enforce them, and also because they were of 
a ludterona naturt 



It 11 Mki (hac toe main plot of thia plar i& derired 
froM iha atoiy of Arlodante and Oinerra, in the fifth 
book of Aiio8to*B Orlando Fnrfoso. Something ahnflar 
mar alao be found fan the Ibunh canio of the aecoud 
booK of Speneer'a Faerie Queene : but a oorel of Ban- 
dello'B, copied by Belleforest in hit Traclcal Hbloriea, 
•eeaca to have furnbhed Shakapeare with the fable. It 
approachea nearer to the play in all particulan than 
•AT other perlbnnance hitherto diacorered. No trana- 
latton of u into EngUah has, howerer, yet been met 

The incidenie of thla play produce a acriklng effect on 
the atace, where k haa erer been one of ihe most popu- 
lar of 8hakapeare*8 Comedlea. The aprlghtly wii-en- 
countera between Benedick and Beatrice, and ue blun- 
dering aimpDcity of thoae inimitable men fo office, 

Dogbernr and Vergea, reHere the aerioua puti of 
play, which n^ht otherwise bare aeemed too wrl 
for comedy. TiienB ia a deep and touching Sniareai ez- 
- cited for the Innocent and much li\)jred Hwro, < whoat 
juatificatiou la brought about bj one of thoaa tempomy 
conejgnmenta to the grave, of which, Sludcapeara »p- 
peara to have been fond.* In anawer to staeraaa^ 
objection to the aame artifice being made uae of to •»- 
trap both the lovera, STchlegel obaervea that * the dnil> 
lery lies in the very aymme^ of the decepcioii. Their 
flriendfl aiirlbule the whole effect to themaerrea ; b«l the 
exclusive direction of their raillery agaJaai each oihar 
ia a proof of their growing Inclinauon.* 

Tnia play la auppoeed to have been wrkten hi 1000^ 1m 
which year It waa first publiahed. 


Don Pxdbo. Prmce i(f Arrafon. 

Doir JoRA, ma hazard Brother, 

Cl AUDIO, a yoMng Lard qf Florenca, fmvomite to 

I>on Pedro. 
BxvxDiCK, auounMLard of Pmdu^ fawmriU Uhe- 

wtM «rj>on Pedro. 
LxovATO, Umemor of Meaakuu 
Autoitjo, kio Brother, 
Balthazar, Servant to Dom Pedro. 

A Sexton. 
A Friar. 
A Boy. 

Heko, Ikmghter to Leoncto. 
Bbatricb, Niece to Leonato. 

Umula^"' } ^^•"''^^•w* aitendbeg m HotOt 
Measangera, Watch, aad Attoadanta. 


SC£:NE L— Before Leonato'a Houee, Enter Lk- 

oiTATO, Heao, Bcatbice, ond others^ with a 


I LEARN in this letter, that Don Pcdro^ of Ar- 
ragon comes this night to Messina. 

Mees. He is very near by this ; he was not three 
leagues off when I left him. 

Letfn. How many gentlemei^ have you lost in 
this action 7 

Mea*. But few of any sort, and none of name 

Lton. A victory is twice itselil when the achiever 
brings home full numbers. I find here, that Don 
Pedro hath bestowed much honour on a young 
Florentine callud Claudlo. 

Meee. Much deserved aa his part, and equally 
remembered by Don Pedro : He hath borne him- 
self beyond the promise of his age ; doinjg, in the 
figure of a lamb, the feats of a lion : he hath, in- 
deed, better bettered expectalson, than you must 
expect of me to tell you now. 

Leon. He hath an uncle hero in Messina will be 
▼orv much glad of it. 

Mes*. I have already delivered htm letters, and 
there appears much joy in him ; even so much, 
that joy could not show itself modest enough, with- 
out a badge of bitterness.' 

1 The old copies read Don Peter. 
3 Of all the transports of joy, that which ia attended 
by teara la least uffeniiive ; because, carrying with k 
this mark of pain, h allays the envpr that usually at- 
tends another's happiness. This ia unely called a mo- 
deet jojr, such a one as did not insult the observer by 
an indication of happiness unmixed with pain. In 
Chapman*a version or the 10th Odyaaey, a aomewhat 
imilar expression occiirs : 

* our eyes wore 

The aame wet badge of weak humanity.* 

Z.eofk Did he break out into tears 7 

.Mess. In great measure.' 

Ijeon. A Kind overflow of kindness : There are 
no faces truer than those that are so washed. Hosr 
much better it is to weep at joy,, than to joy at 
weeping 1 

BexiL I pray you, is sigmor Montanto* returned 
from the wars, or no 7 

Mete. I know none of that name, ladj ; there 
was nono such in the army of any sort.^ 

Leon. What is ho that you ask for, niece 7 

Hero. My cousin means signior Benedick of 

Mess. O, he is returned ; and as pleasant as eier 
ho was. 

Btat. He set up his bills^ hero m Messina, and 
challenged Cupid at tlie flight i* and my onde't 
fool, reading tne challenge, subscribed lor CapUp 
and challenged him at the bird-belt. I pray yotu 
how many hath he killed and eaten in these waraf 
But how many hath he killed 7 for, indeed, I pro- 
mised to eat all of his killing.. 

Leon. Faith, niece, you tax sigmor Benedidk 
too much ; but heMl bo meet' with you, I doidA it 

This is an idea which Shakapeare seems tn have de- 
lighted to introduce. It occurs again In Macbeth : 

* my plenteous joys, 

Wanton in fulness, seek to hide Aemseives 
In drops of sorrow.' 
8 L e. in abundance. 

4 Montante was one of rtie ancient lerma of die lendaf 
achool ; a title humorously given lo one whom she 
would represent as a bravado. 6 Rank. 

6 This phrase was in common use for aflKzing R 
printed notice in some public nlace, long before 8hRk 
speare^s time, and long after. It is amply illustrated bj 
Mr. Douce, in his ' Illustrations of Shakapeare.* 

7 Flighte, were long and light feathered ammi^ thtt 
went directly to the mark. 

8 Even. 


.'f^V* ■ • 

> . 

'. f 


.Jt • 

': ^-.^^i^JsWy: 



; .■ '» 

1 1 • • • . 

•■ ,. A • . ■ ' 

! . ■ »■ 1 ' 

■ ■ I ,« - 

. .i 




CttmL Cts the world Vuyiodi ft jewel 7 

Bene. Tea, and a case to pot it intow Bat apeak 
jou this wkh e aadbroiir? or db jreaplaythefleiit- 
iiig Jack i to tell He Cupid it agood hare-finder^ aad 
YukananrecarpaBter?' CoiBeyiniiHMitkeyihall 
a nan take you to go in the ■ong*?' 

CUmd. InBineejreyiheiatbeaweetectladjthat 
over I looked on. 

JBbMk I can aee jat witboot ^»aetad«a» and I 
■ee no tuck matter : there** her comin, an ihe were 
not poMeaeed with a fiiry, eiceeda her aa mich in 
beauty, aa the firat of Blaj doei the laat of Decem- 
ber. But X hope| yoa hare no iatent U> turn hns- 
band ; have jour 

OmhL 1 would aearce trwt nmeU^ though I had 
sworn the contrary, if Hero woiud be mf wife. 

JBcac It itconeto thk.?fiuth7 Hath not the 
world one man. but he will wear lut cm with tut- 
picion?> Shall 1 nererteea bachelor of threeacore 
again? Gotowi^frith; antboowitneedithmttthj 
neck mto a yoke, wear the print of it, and tigh away 
flundayt.^ Look, Don Fmto in returned to aeec 

Rt-enftr Dow Fbbbow 

B, JPmHl What tecret hath held yon here^ that 
you followed not to Leonato't? 

Bmc I wouU, your grace wonUconatrain me to 

JDl P^dro, I charve thee on thy allegiance. 

iB^nt. Touhear,UountClaumo: Icanbeteeret 
aa a dumb man, I would have yon think to; but on 
myailegianBe^— mark yon thia. on ny aOegianee r 
■ g e IB in love. With who 7— now that it your 
moe*t part liltrk. how abort hit ant* >er it : — 
With Hero, Iitoiwloli abort daughter. 

CTtnd. If thit wore to, ao were it uttered. 

Bern, Like the oU tale^ my lord: it ia not aow 
nor*twianotto; bot» indeed, God Ibrbid it ahoukl 

CtamL If mj panrioB change not tbortly, God 
forbid it thould be otherwite. 

JX Pcdhtw Anit% if you love her; ibr the lady it 
venr well worthy. 

Claud, Tou tpeak thit to letdk me in. my lord. 

Ik Pedn. By my troth, I tpeak my thought, 

Claud, And, in with, my lord, I tpoke mine. 

Bene, And, by my twro laitht and trotht, my lord, 
I spoke mine. 

CUmd, That I tove her, I ieeU 

Ik Pedro, That sne it worthy, I know. 

Ber^e, That I neither feel bow uie thould be loved, 
nor know how the should be worthy, is the opinion 
that fire cannot melt out of me ; I will die in it at 
the stake. 

Ik Pedro. Thou wast ever an obstinate heretic 
in the despite of beauty. 

CUmd, And never ouold mtintatn bin part, but in 
the fbrce of hit wiU.« 

Bene, That a woman conceived me I thank her ; 
that she brought me up, I likewise give her mott 

1 Do jon BcoflT and moek tn telling us that Cupid, 
wbo Is blind, it a good hare-finder : and tliat Vulcan, a 
Macksmith, is a good carpenter r Do yon mean to 
arouse us with irnprobabie stories ? 

i i. e. to /otn in the song. 

S I. e. subject his head to the disqaiet of jealousy. 

4 1. e. become sad and serioos. Alhiding to the man. 
ntr in which the Puritans usually spent the Sabbath, 
vkh sighs and gruntings, and other hTpocrilical raarka 
•f devotton. 

5 The old tale, of which this is the burthen, has been 
mdilfonally preserred and recovered by Mr. Blake, 
wav. and is perhaps one of the meet happy Hlusiratlons 
9i Shakspeare that has ever appeared. 

8 Alluding tn the definition or a heretic ro the schools. 

7 That is, wear a horn on nuf forehead^ tchich the 
huntoman may btott. „9 recheat is the sound by which 
the dogs are called back. 

8 i. e. htigle-hom. 

9 ,d belt. The meaning seems to be * or that I should 
lie compelled to carrr a horn on my forehead where 
there is uuJiing visible to suppon it.* 

hiunb!e thanks : bat tfwt I wB hmm • 
winded in my forehead, or banc wr bndU^ k m 
mvitSde baUrick,* aU womi Ml fSJn w: 
Becaute I win not do tbaaa the wroag to MfeOt 
any, I will do inrtelf the lirikt In tnat mm: ■! 

the foie>* ia, (ftr the wUdTv^ t» ^ Ihiiii) I 

vrin five a bacaelor. 
IkPedn, lilndl aee tha^aral A^lnkfrii 

with love. 

Bene. Withanetr^vriChi , ,, 

my lord j not with love: wovCythat'everlloatMt 
Uood with love, than I wS nt nfain with dririiiL 
pick oat mine tjea with a oaDnMHilBiA p8i^ w 
hang me up at the door of n broth t1 io—»faAt 
ngn of blind Cupid. 

^aPsdhK Well» if ever than deot ftU taiAii 
&ith, thou wilt prove a notable ■■■■■■■■ # ■» 

Bsns. If I do, bang ma in n bottle Ska actt." 
and thoot at me; and he that hita mb, bt UaW 

clapped on the thouMer^ and called Adai^" 

D, P§dr9, WelL at time thaU try: 
in time Dhe SBtive M <2oA 6tar Atapsfte.** 

Brae. Tlie savage bun Btay J botifevirAiH^ 
tiMe Benedick bear it, plnca off* the boA hats 
and tetthem in my forsnendr nad let ma be lia^ 

Sinted; and in tnch great letsera aa thsyeikt^ 
bne wmd Aerss ft An. let thena aipi fy andaay 
sign — ^Jxerv wwincysesJKrRerfKftAsaBtrviHitaB. 

Ckmd, Irthit thonld ever happen tloa wsdAt 
be horn-mad. 

D. Pedro, Nay, if Cupid have not tnant dL\k 
(juiver in Temce^'* thou wilt ^nnke fir mil iMf* 

Bene, I look for an eorthmake toe then. 

D. Pedro, Well, you wil temporina widi tW 
hourt. In the mean time, good aifwor Barf^ 
repair to Leonato't ; c o mme nd nm to limi vdtm 
him, I wiU not faU him at topper ; fir, mM bi 
hath made treat prepomtioQ. 

Brae. I have almoet matter enon|^ !■*>"' 
tnch an embattage ; and ao I no— Mt ju ni 

dond. TothetuitioaorGod: IVammrhNM. 

I>.Psd^ Thetizthof July: Tovtovk«fii»<» 

Bene. Nay, mock not, mock not: The bo^<* 
your discourse is sometime guarded** widi hf 
ments, and the guards are but slightly batted oi» 
neither ; ere you flout old ends any mrther, «&* 
mine your ceotcience,'* and to I leave mu 

[£tBC Bxvmci. 

Claud, My liege, your highncet now may do ns 

D. Pedro. My love is thine to tench ; teach i 
but how. 
And thou shatt see how apt it is to learn 
Any hard lesson that may do thee good. 

Vlaud. Hath Leonato any son, my lord ! 

D. Pedro, No child but Hero, the'a bit odtf 
heir ; 
Dost thou affect her, Claudio? 

Claud. O my lord. 

When you went onward on this ended i 
I look*a upon her with a solifier's eye. 

10 TJieJine is the contusion. 

1 1 A capital avhfert Ibr sstfre. 
13 It seems to have been one of the 

the timOf to enclose a cat in a wooden tub or 
pendetl aloA to be shot at. 

13 i.e. Adam Bell, <a passfng good ..v^an,- w*., 
with Clym of the Cloughe and wfufam of duadssOtv 
were outlaws nn famous in the north of Engfand, as Ro> 
bin Hood and his fellows were in the midland coniMies. 

14 This line is from The Spanish Tntrndj^or 
nimo, kc. ; and occurs, with a slight vaiiaikNi, to 
son*s Sonnets, 1581. 

13 Venice is represented in the same tfgkl as Cyprm 
among the anctente, and it is this ( " 
that ia here alluded to. 

16 Trimmed, ornamented. 

17 ' Examine if your sarcasms do not teudt 
Old ends probably means the conclttsJkMie of 
which were llrequeady couched ki the 

t used above 




That lik'd, but hmd a roupher task in haad 
Than to driTe liking to t& name of love : 
But now I am returned, and that war-thou^ils 
Have left their places vacant^ in their rooms 
Cone throogiag soft and delicate desires, 
All |nonu>tia^ me how fair young Hero is, 
Sann^ I likM her ere I went to wars. 

1>. Pedro. Thou wilt be like a lover preeentlj, 
And tire the hearer with a book of words: 
If thou dost love fair Hero, cherish it ; 
And I will break with her, and with her father. 
And thou shalt have her : WasH not to this end, 
Hint thou begaa'st to twist so fine a story? 

iUamd. How sweetlv do ]r<Hi minister to love, 
lliat know love's grief by his complexion ! 
Bat lest my likinc might too sudden seem, 
I would have lal^d it with a longer treatise. 

/X Pedro, What need the bruige much broader 
than the flood? 
The fairest grant is the necessity :* 
Look, what will serve, is fit : 'tis (mce,* thoulov'st ; 
And I will fit thee wiu the remedy. 
I kxMw we riiall have revelling to-niriit ; 
I will assume thy part in some disgiuse. 
And tell fiur Hero I am Claudio ; 
And in her bosom FIl unclasp my heart. 
And take her hearing prisoner with the force 
And strong encounter of my amorous tale : 
mien, after, to her father, will I break } 
And, the conclusion is, she shall be thme : 
In (Mactice let us put it presently. [ExtunL 

8CKNE n. A Room m Leonato's House. En- 
ter LxovATO and AirTomo. 

imn. How now. brother 7 Where is my cousin, 
your son ? Hath he provided tliis musick ? 

Ahl He is very busy about it. But, brother, I 
can tell yon strange news that you yet dreamed 


Xieon. Are they good ? 

AmL As the event stamps them ; but they have 
a flood coven they show well outward. The prince 
and Count Claudio, walking in a thick-pleashed' 
alley in my orchard, were thus much overaeard by 
a mmn of mine : The prince discovered to Claudio, 
diat he loved my niece your daughter, and meant 
lo ack»>wledge it this night in a dance ; and, ifhe 
foond her accordant, he meant to take the present 
tiae by the top, and instantly break with vou of it. 

Xtfon. Hath the fellow any wit, that told vou this ? 

Aml a good sharp fellow : I will sena for li^, 
■ad question him yourself. 

Leon. No, no ; we will hold it as a dream, till it 
appear itseu:— 4>ut I will acquaint my daughter 
withal, that she may be the better prepared for an 
answer, if peradvoatma this be true. Go you, and 
Ian her of It [SeoeredforoonaerotelkeiUigeA Cou- 
aina,* jrou know what you have to do.— O, I cry 
you mercy, friend ; you go with me, and I will use 
vour skill :^}rood counas, have a care th» busy 

SCENE in. Another Room m Leonato's Houae, 
JEnter Don Jor> and CoiraADX. 

Cm. What the good year,* my lord ! why are 
f»a thus out of measure Mid ? 

1 Mr. Hayley, with great acuteness, proposed to read 
*The fafa-est pant is to necessity ;* 1. e. *nece*eitae quod 
torit defendit.* The meaning may however be — 'The 
finvsc or most eqokable concessioii is that which is 
needful only.* 

S L e. once for aU. So, in Coriolanus : * Once If he 
do require our voices, we ought not to deny him.* Bee 
Comedy of Errors, Act fiL 8c 1. 

5 TMckly interwoven. 

4 Couoine were formerly enrolled among the depend- 
ants, if noc the domesdcs of mac Tamilies. such as that 
of Leonato.— Petruchio, while intent on ine subjection 
^Katharine, calls out in terms hnperadve for his couein 

6 The commentators say, that the original form ot 
ikii ndaaaikm waaihs fOMf ert, L a «Mf9itf gaWdiSi 

D. John. Tliere is no measure in the occasion 
that breeds it, therefore the sadness is without limit. 

Con. You should hear reas<». 

D, John. And when I have heard it| what blessing 
bringeth it ? 

Con, If not a present remedy, yet a patient suf^ 

D. John. I wonder, that thou being (as thou say'st 
thou art) bom imder Saturn, goest about to apply 
a moral medicine to a mortifymg mischief. I can* 
not hide what I am :* I must be sad when I have 
cause, and smile at no man's jests ; eat when I have 
stomach, and wait for no man's leisure ; sleep when 
I am drowsy, and tend to no man's bunaess ; laugh 
when I am merry, and daw' no man in his humour. 

Con. Yea, but you must not make the full show 
c€ this, till yon may do it without controlment. You 
have <n late stood out against your brother, and ho 
hath ta'en you newl v into his grace ; where it is im- 
possible you should take true root, but by the fiur 
weather diat you make yourself: it is needful that 
you fiame the season for your own harvest. 

D. John. I had rather he a canker* in a hedge, 
than a rose m his grace ; and it better fits my blood 
to be disduned <rf'all, than to fashion a carnage to 
rob love from any ; in this, though I cannot be said 
to be a flattering honest man, it most not be denied 
that I am a plain-dealing villain. I un trusted with 
a muzzle, and enfiranchised with a dog : thereforo 
I have decreed not to sing in my <^e : If I had my 
mouthy I would Ute ; if I nad n^ liberty, I would do 
my likmg : in the mean time, let me be that I am, 
and seek not to alter me. 

Con. Can you make no use of your discontent? 

D. John. I make all use of it, for I use h <mly.* 
Who conies here ? What news, Boradiiof 

Enter Bobachio. 

Borcu I came yonder from a great supper : tho 
inince, your brother, is royally entertainea byLoo- 
nato j and I can give you intelligence of an intended 

D. John. Will it serve for any model'* to build 
mischief on ? What is he for a fool, that betrotbs 
himself to unqnietness ? 

Bora. Marry, it is your brother's right hand. 

D. John. Who ? thie most eizquisite Claudio ? 

Bora. Even he. 

D. John. A proper squire! And who, and who? 
which way looks he ? 

Bora. Marry, on Hero, the daughter and heir of 

D. John. A very forward March chick! How 
came you to this ? 

Bora. Being entertained for a perfumer, as I was 
smoking a miuty room,* * comes me the prince and 
Claudio, hand in hand, in sad** conference: I whipt 
me behind the arras ; and there heard it agreed up- 
on, that the prince should woo Hero for himself^ and 
having obtained hmr, give her to count Claudio. 

JD. J<Jm. Come, come, let us thither ; this may 
prove food to my displeasure : that young start-up 
nath all the glorv of my overthrow ; if I can cross 
him any way, I bless myself every way : You are 
both sure,'* and will assist me 7 

which ultimately became obscure, and was comipied 
into the good year, a very opposite form of expression. 
8 This Is one of Shakspeare's natural touches. An 
envious and unsocial mind, too proud to gtve pleasure, 
and too sullen to receive h. always endeavours to hide 
its raalignitv from the world and fhmi kself, under the 
plainness of simple honesty, or the dignlqr of haughty 

7 Flatter. 

8 Ji canker Is the canker-rose, or dog-rose. * I had 
rather be a neglected dog-rose in a hedge, than a gar- 
den-rose if it profited by his culture.* 

9 1. e. * for I make nothing else my eonnseIk>r.* 

10 Model ie here used In an unusual ssnse, but Bullo- 
kar explains k, * Model, the platforme, or form of anv 
thing.* ' 

11 The neglect of cleanliness among our ancestors 
rendered such precautkMts too often necessary. 

IS Ssrioaa ' U L s. to bs dspodtdW 


Cbn. To IhB dolb, mj lord. 

D. Johh Lr( IB to As r«I roppw; Uioit eh»r 
k the cmtor, thu I mn nilxliiKl : 'Woold IlvB cook 
wmrfmj mind!— Shin' i^rf. .~ k. 

jK™, W«TI mil upon joor lordAip. [£tew.l. 


SCENE I. ^ BiS n LsonUo'i Bnuf . fxlrr 

LiORATO, Anono, Hno, Bbatbics, uiuf 

£»<L WunoleoantJohBhenUnppeTl 

Am. I uw him not. 

Bi^. HowUn]jIhal|eBt]«Buloikit iBvnr 
eu> MS him, bat I un bMrt-JMnwd u bow lArr, 

Hm. Ha itoCaTHj maltiicbal; dicpcntion. 

JItiK. He were u ucsUant mu^ Ihtt ««r* mad« 
jnit in iho miil-inif between him iimI Besadick : 
ibe one i* too tike an imust eod aajm ootbing ; 
ud Uio olher, loo like mj lulj'ieldaHHa, otr- 

hiir nEniai' Bam 
outh, sod hdf ecu 
cholj in Hgniac Benadick'i bce,- 

AaL Wilh ■ nod le|, ind t good foot, mde 
■Dd monaf anoogh in lui puna, incb ■ DUi vould 
via vij wOBku m tba wnridy if he could fat he 

_ fdof Ul)rtoii.gui 

jlnl. In &ilb, (ha ii IDO cunt. 

Biat. Too cnrR ia more thui evm: I •ball Ici 
aan God'( lendiiu ihu traj : li» it ia aaid, (in 

ha landa none. 

ZiiaH. 80f bj bung 100 curat, God will aand yn 

Bat. Jun, iT be lend ma no bnabtad : kr it, 
wMch bleeiing, I un kt bbn ibid* nr kaaaa ctci 
morninc and eTaaini : Lwd I 1 could not eodun 
hoabud with > baa^ on hia Inca ; I bad rubec 1 
in tbewooUia. 

Lem. Too ma; ligbl upon ■ hmbwid, ibu btth 

Bfot. WbatatuHild I do with him? draaahim 
Dj appirel, and raakg him my >riilio|; gmllcu 
man f He llial halh a boanl, ia oiors than a touI 

Lrmt. Well Iheo, go fan into hall ? 
Btnf. No ; but lo Iho nie ; and there wi 
deril meet me, like an old eneknld, with hof 

' Saipt Pi 

!JnI."wd^"i«e,Y^ HiBo'] I ^i, , 
bo ruled bT your father. 

Beat. Yen, faith ; it i> my cnurin'i dutj to 
conrtesy, and lay, Fiaher. at it ptme vott : 
Mt for all that, iHninn, let him be a handaoni 
low, or elm make another couneay, and (a; 

£t<m. Well/ niece, I hope to aaa JOB ot 
6Ued with a huabind. 

Btat. Mot till God make men of aoms o(h( 
tal then earth. Would it not grieie a womai 
OTer-mailered with* piece of TalianlduM?tD 
•n account qf her life La a clod of warwatd 
No, unele, m nnne ; Adan.'. aona are mr brel 
and trolj, I hold ii a nn lo match in my kind 

B«A na boll wil ba I 

riporuint-' tell lua, tkm 

Hero': Woau^, wnUiu i 
Scotch iif, » meaauro, and i 
■uit a 001 and baan, jika ■ 

luU rf m - 

ipenlance, and, with bL . 
- --- '— -■ &BUr, tiir h 

I^eiri. Conain, yoa lAprahand paaaw ahravdlr. 
aeat 1 haTO a good aye, nncla j I can aae a 

/ah. The reiellera aro talHiBg ; braibar, mikl 

>, BmDiCE, BiL- 


D. PtAt. Lady, wSl you walk about witb jmn- 

Jino. SoyonwaJk 

.J notWng, I am yo 

/>'. 'Pidn. With me in tow eompany ? 
/frm. I may aay ao, whan I pleaaa. 
J). Prdn. And when pleaae you to aay m T 
Hmt. When I like your &Tour ; for God ^-- 
fem), the lute ih'.nld be like Ibe caaa t* 

D. Ptdn. Hy naor ia Philanoa'a roef ; wifti^ 


[TUaa Jkr (IB*!- 
BriK. Well, I would TOB did like ma. 
M'rj. SftwgnM not I, fiv your aiw> aak* ; to" 
hiw5 many ill qualitiaf. 
Bru. WUcbsoMiT 
Mirg. I aaymj pi^rera tiaaS. 
Bete. I lore you lbs beller ; lb* bearan ma^ 

'Mrr. God match m 
BMi. Amea. 
SHiTg. AndGodkcc' 

BaM. No more' WOT 

with > good dancer t 

lim tnl of my aigfatf wbcs 

you » 

Un. 1 know you by Iho waggling of Tonr bead. 
Att. To tell you true, I counterfeit him. 
v. Tea could nensr do him ■« ili-well, nnlew 
ju were the Tory man : Here's hb dry band ip 

jftt. At a word lam not. 

Uri. Come, come; do you think I do not kBMV 
DU by y™' eicelleni witf Can liitue hide ilaelf? 
Id to, mum^ou an he ; gracea ¥iill appear, and 

BiiU. Will you not tell ma who told yos aeT 

Btat. Nor will you not tell me who you ar« T 

Wnrihia wj 




JBcM. Not I, believe me. 

JBmC Did he never make joa lati^ 7 

Smem Ipny you* y/AM. ii he ? 

SeoC Whj, he ii the prince's jester ; a very dull 
fool ; only his jpft is in devising impossible* slan- 
ders: none bat libertines deli^ in him; and the 
eoounendaticm is not in his wit, but in his villany ; 
tor he both pleaseth men, and angers them, and then 
Umt 1ui|^ At him, and beat him t I am sure he is 
IB the fleet : I would he had boarded' me. 

Btme. When I know the gentleman, Fll tell him 

BeaL Do, do: hell but break a comparison or 
two on me : whichy peradventure, not maiiEed, or 
not laughed at, strikes him into melancholy ; and 
then there's a partridge wing saved, for the fool 
will eat no supfMr that night. [Mune within. 

We must follow the leaders. 

jBens. In every good thing. 

Btat. Nay, if they lead to any ill, I will leave 
them at the next turning. 

[Donee. 7%en eMwit aU but Don John, 
BomACHio, and Claudio. 

D, John, Sure my brother is amcnrous on Hero, 
and hath withdrawn her father to break with him 
about it : The ladies IbUow her, and but one visor 

Bora. And that is Claudio : I know him by his 

D, JiAn, Are not you sicnior Benedick 7 

Claud, You know me well ; I am he. 

Z>. John, Signior, you are very near my brother 
in his love : he is enamoured on Hero ; I pray^ou, 
dissuade him from her, she is no equal for nis Dirth : 
yoQ may do the part of an honest man in it. 

Cbnia. How know you he loves her 7 

JD. John, I heard him swear his affection. 

Bora, So did I too ; and he swore he would mar- 
ry her to-night. 

2). John, Come let us to the banquet. 

[Eateunt Doir JoHir, and Bobachio. 

CUmd, Thus answer I in name of Benedick, 
But hear these ill news with the ears of Claudio.— 
Tin certain so ; — the prince wooa for himselfl 
Friendship is constant in all other things, 
Save in the office and affairs of love : 
Therefore,* all hearts in love use their own tongues ; 
liet every eye negotiate for itself 
And trust no agent : for beauty is a ^tch. 
Against whose charms faith melteth into blood.^ 
This is an accident of hourly proo^ 
Which I mistrusted not : Farewell, merefore. Hero I 

Re-enter Bcitsdick. 

Bene, Count Claudio 7 
€)laud. Tea, the same. 
Bene, Come, will you go with me 7 
Ckmd. Whither? 

Bene. Even to the next willow, about your own 
business, count. What &shion will you wear the 

inem was diacorered in 1815, by my late lamented friend 
the R«r. J. Conybeare, Professor of Poetry in Oxford. 
I had the gratification of printlnx a few copies at the 
Chlswick press, under the title of < Shakspeare's Jest 
Book.* It was printed by Rastell, and therefore must 
have been published prerious to 1533. Another collec- 
tion of the same kind, called, * Tales and Quicks An- 
•weres,* printed by Berthelette. and of nearly equal 
antfc]uity, was also reprinted at the same tfane ; and it is 
remarkable that this collection Is cited by Sir John Har- 
rington under the title of < the hundred merry tales.* It 
condnned for a long period to be the popular name for 
ooUections of this sort, for in the London Channticlere. 
1809, it is mentioned as being cried for sale by a ballad 

1 Incredible, or inconceivable. 
S Boarded, besMes its usual meaning, signified ae- 
S Carriage, demeanour. 
4 Letf which is found in the next line, is understood 

S Mood signifies omoroue heat or paeeion. So, in 
ft»s WeU that Ends WeU, Act iU. Sc 7. 

• New his Important Mood will nought deny, 
Th^dke'U demand.' ' 

garland of 7 About your neck. Vke an naorer'a 
cliain?* or under your arm, like a lieutenant's 
scarf 7 You must wear it one way, for the priaco 
hath got your Hero. 

Claud. I wish him joy of her. 

Bene, Why, that's sMken like an honest drover ; 
so they sell bullocks. But did you think the princo 
would have served you thus 7 

Claud. I pray you, leave me. 

Bene, Ho ! now you strike like the blind man: 
'twas the boy that stole your meat, and you'll beat 
the post. 

CW2. If it will not be, m leave you. [EsiL 

Bene, Alas, poor hurt fowl ! Now will he creep 

into sedges. But, that my lady Beatrice should 

know me, and not know me ! The Prince's fool !— 
Ha ! it may be, I go under that title, because I am 
merry .F— Tea; but so; I am apt to do myself 
wrong: lam not so reputed: it is the base, the 
bitter disposition of Beatrice, that puts the world 
into her person, and so gives me out.* Well, Fll 
be revenged as I may. 

Ro'enter Don Pedro. 

D. Pedro, Now, signim', whore's the oocmt. Dm 
you see him 7 

Bene, Troth, my lord, I have play'd the part of 
lady Fame. I fouind him here as melancholy as a 
lodge in a warren ;* I told him, and, I think, I told 
him true, that vour grace had got the good will of 
this young lady ; and I offend him my company 
to a willow tree, either to make lum a csrland, as 
beinf forsaken, or to bind him up a rod, as being 
worthy to be wiiipped. 

D. Pedro. To be whipped ! What's his ftolt? 

Bene. The flat transfnression of a schoolboy ;iiHio^ 
being overjoyed with finding a bird's nest, shows 
it his companion, and he stMls it. 

D. Pedro, Wilt thou make a trust a transgres* 
sion 7 The transgression is in the stealer. 

Bene. Tet it had not been amiss, the rod had 
been made, and the garland too ; for the garland 
he might have worn himself; and the rod he might 
have bestowed on you, who, as I take it, have stol'n 
his bird's nest. 

D, Pedro. I will but teach them lo sing, and re< 
store them to the owner. 

Bene, If their sinffing answer your saying, by my 
faith you say honestly. 

D. Pedro, Tlie laidy Beatrice hath a quarrel to 
ou ; the gentleman, that danced with her, told 
er, she is much wronged by you. 

Bene, O, she misused me past the endurance of 
a bk>ck ; an oak, but with one green leaf on it, 
would have answered her ; my very visor began to 
assume life, and scold with her :* She told me, not 
thinking I had been myselfl that I was the prince's 
jester : that I was duUer tnan a great thaw : hud 
diing jest upon jest, urith such impossible*' convey- 

8 Chains of gold of considerable value were, iii 
Shalupeare*s time, worn by wealthy citizens, and 
others, in the same manner as they are now on public 
occasions by the aldermen of London. Uewy was then 
a common topic of inrecdve. So, in * The Choice of 
Change,* 1596, * Three sortes of people, in respect of 
necessity, may be accounted good i—MerehmfUe, for 
they mayplay the umcrert, hurtead of the Jews, fcc* 
Again, * There is a scarcity of Jews, because Christians 
make an occupatton of wswne.* 

7 * It is the aisposkkm of Beatrice, who takes upon 
herself to personate the world, and therefore represents 
the world as saying what she only ssys herself.* 

8 A parallel thought occurs in Isaiah, c. i. where the 
prophet, fai describing the desolation or Judah, says . 
^ The daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a Tioeyard, 
as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers,* kc It appears 
that these k>nely buildings were necessary, as the cu- 
cumbers, Itc. were obliged to be constantly watched and 
watered, and that as soon as the cn^ was gathered they 

9 It is singularthat a similar thought should be fbund 
in the tenth Thebafcl of Statins, v. 658. 

' — ipsa insanire vMetur 
Sphynx galea cusies.' 

10 L e. * wkh a rapidity equal lo that otp^gftn 



Me* ^g> wn, Hal I itnod Kka & bmi ■( ■ inaiti, 
vitb K who)* >mf riioatiBf tt rm: Bhg ipMhi 

■I tarrihU u her tmninmliflU, ttiars won no li-r. 
iig DMT hgr, riw wodld iniBet U> Iha Bonh Mar. 1 
wndd not buit bar, tboosh iba mn «4««d 
wlA lO Ikat AduK lad M Ibb bdsra Iw innB- 
gwiiil; ihe urouU hn« nid* HaroalM bn* 
t«m*d ipit j jei, and InT* cMt hii ehri> lo mike 
dwfl»t9ii. Ceoa, MlkmMortMr; pMriiafl iiHl 
bwlh«iBfciiHlAt>> iamdKppuiL I wndd lo 
Oo^tOBaKbolwwmUeiiaJDnbsr; f)T,earlun. 
^1 oUla rii* ia Iwn, ■ out dmij lira u qnitl id 
BM, u Ina niKlau?; tnd peopla na vpoapar- 
pna, baeuiM tb^ uraad go fluihcr i mt, iodMid, 
•D Aapdo^ homr, tai ptnmbttiaa Ukm bar. 

B»-mtr Clavmo, BaATBiea, Bbbo, ad 

D. Ptin. Look, ban riia cuoaa. 
Box. WiD jour gnee comonDd ow inj •anrir<^ 
tolbaworbTa andl 1 wiD go oniba iTi^tsM gcrujj 
Wonr to tfaa Anlifiadai, Ibat jtn caa darua lo hkiI 
■a as I IwiQ (etch jni & looAfridarnow Iroai tlj^.- 
bf&aat inch of AU) bring jod (he langth i.r 
Praalar J<dui'> (aot ; laleh jod *. bair offiha Pf" 
Ckua'abaard: do jvt any e m ha— fa lo tha Tig- 
ar Ihaa hold Ihraa wocdi oaaAraaca <ruh 
: Too batg n» trnfla j maal fee ma I 
i*. Stmt, bat u oaaua joor good caow 

^Bmt. O Ood, dr, bno'i a diah I Ion not ; I 
CtnaU andon mjUdj ToDgoa. [Erii. 

D, Pidn. CoDailadT, cona; yon hanloMUio 
baait tf opuor Banadiift. 

BmL lAaed, nt lord, ba lant it ma a iriiile ; 
andlgiTB lum ua^fiw it, a doabla heart for fan 

«i& Uae diee, thsreibra four giaea BUf weU aa^, 

D. FtAv. Too ban pal him down, lady, you 
hMa pot bin dows. 

Sm<. Good lord, fcralliaaea I— ^'haagoM ■»»»»■ 
M lo Iba wotld bol I,* airi I aa »y> fin aad t * 
■WBl in dM eanar, and trf, ha^ ho' ftr « 

ik J^ Udy BaMrioa, I'arBl pi yM aw. 
Bm. I iKMid iMberhaaa «a MTyov fttbaV 

gatling : Hatb «Mt gnoa >a*ar a WM£ar ilka van r 

Vo^bbar got >«Daal h^aad^ ifaaaU io^ 

D. Itea. Wil yoa ha*a ma, Uy t 
«MLNo,nylafd,<Bla*atidgbt baa* oaAar 
Twatfctag-daTa; nw gno* ia Ma eaatly ta waar 
•aay day:— Bm, 1 haaeaa b yoor p«caL faaias 
• : I*aabemtaaped[>DBirtb,aj>lK>A*. 
A PaihL Too- Sanea Boat aiea>ta M, ani W 

baaorrybertbaeooMa yoa) fcr, OM «f qaaMM^ 

I botn. — CooiBa, God gin yoa joy I 

£aa>. Man, win yon kofc lo Ibaa* Am^ I loU 

Aol. loyyonnercy, Bdah — By jewmaa** 
udon. [Eml Bbatuob. 

D-Pt^m. ByartredLaplaaaaMwriUdlady. 
Ztm. Ttunfi Httla at tba BHkaeholy iliiai^ 

alaaea; and not enr aad Iban; lor I baivbaaiA 

M^ daagblar ny, iba balb dlaa dwi d ««r na- 

bappinaa,' andwakad haraatfwitt laoAw, 

O. Ptit. Sba caBBOt andi 

broo^l count Claodio, i 
D. Prdn. Why, how 

io«,couDtT wbarefiwa avc 

nail: but e 


otangg, and aomaihing of that jeilaui compleiioD . 

A Ptdn. VStHh, Jady, I think your bUion to l>« 

rii, m be awom, iTho ba lo, bit concaii 

[era, Claudia, I biTe wooed in thy ouo i; 

m a won ; I baTO bn^e wilh her fllhsi, 

tha day tt mar- 

trae, IhoD 
uMae. I 

and hia good will obia 
liaga, and Ood gin ih 

my daughUr, and m^h 
haib made Iha nutcli, 

and alt graco lay Amen to 

BmL Sfxak, count, 'tia jour cus.' 

Cload. Silence ia tha perfnclert harald ol jo? ; I 
wen but little happy, if I could >aj faoir nudi. — 
Lady, aJi jou aie mma, 1 am youn ; 1 giva a«av 
Dtyaeir fbr yim, and dote upon the eichangs, 

JBotf. Sueak, eoiuin, or. if you cannol, atoji hi- 
BOUIh wilh I kiip, and IeI him not apeak neither . 

D. Ptdro. In Tulh, lady, you haia (merry hea^. 

JIaal. Tea, mv lord : I thash it, poor Ibol, U 
WpiMi thfi winidyiidaorcara:— My couais telle 


I The ffHlilnf i 

£aan. O, by no manna ; Aa macb aD bar wooara 

D. PadnL Bba won an nnallant wi6 fir Ban^ 


Lmf. O lord, my lord, if tbay inn htf a waok 

arriad, they inoU lalh themaalne mad. 

D.PiAa. CoontClandio, wbeB oaan yantagv 

CToad. Ta-fliorrow, my lord: Tine maa em 
ralebea, tin lore ban all Ua rfua. 
Lam. Rot dll Monday, 

•ball not go dutlj by gi : 1 will, u the iBterim, uo- 
dcrlike one nf Hercules' laboura; which ia, tahrinc 
.:„;.. D — J,.,. ..:, .L.]^j^ flcairico intoaoKHUv 

i ahall giTe you dirrclion. 

Lrm. My lord, I am fot yon, though it 
in nighii' watching. 

C/oiui, Andl, — ' -• 


Hm. I w ^ ._._ 

do mT counn to a gaod huaband. 

IWre. And Benedick ia not tha unboprlblleft 

luaband that I kni 
wnfirmed boninty. I will 

' jnuc couiin, thai aba ahall fall in h»* wiih 
DFncdicll :— and I, with your two helpi, will ea 
practice on Benedick, (ha% m deapita of hia quick 
wit and hia qneaar* itomw^h, he ahall Eall in ion 
with Bealrica. Ir we can do thia, Cui^ b no 
longer an archer; hi* glory ahall ba oun, tai we 

lonaw an iXilen to lampi a nan (omam.- 
iachVer. Datappr waa ortan uaad Ihr t-rli- 

untaln of afFOlaii wi'M oaa another' la, aa 
■erm, a Hnn^ eTprearion ; yei all thai la 
laiatobe 'agm/(fni/eraff«^on ' 
~-aa, <{ERml, Uan^ 




are Ae only 1ot»-gods. Go in with me, and I will 
tvU yon my drill. ^ [Exeunt. 

SCENE II. Another Room m Leonato'e Houte. 
Enter Doit Jomr and Boj&achio. 

D. John, It is so : the count CUndio shaU marry 

die daughter of Leonato. 
Bora. Tea, my lord ; but I can croes it 
D, John. Any bar, any croee, any impediment 

will be medicinable to me : I am sick m displeasure 

I • 

tO him : and whatsoever comes 

athwart his afl^- 
How canst thou 

tion, ranges evenly with mine. 
croM this marriage? 

Bora. Not honestly, my lord ; but so covertly 
that no dishonesty shall appear in me. 

jD. John, Show me briefly how. 
Bora. I think, I told your lordship, a year since, 
how much I am in the favour of Margaret, the wait- 
in^lgentlewonuui to Hero. 

jD. Jofm, 1 remember. 

Bora. I can, at any tmseasonable instant of the 
night, app<Mnt her to look out at her lady's cham- 

D. John. What life is in that to be the death of 
tfiis marriage 7 

Bora. The poison of that lies in you to temper. 
Go you to the prince, your brother ; spare not to tell 
him, that he hath wronged his honour m marrying 
the renowned Claudio (whose estimation do you 
mightily bold up) to a contaminated stale,* sudi a 
one as Hero. 

/). John, What proof shall I make of that? 

Bom. Proof enoufh to misuse the prince, to vex 
Claudio, to undo Hero, and kill Leonato: Look 
you for any other issue / 

D. John. Only to despite them, I will endeavour 
any thing. 

Bora. Cro then, find me a meet hour to draw Don 
Pedro and the count Claudio alone: tell them, 
that you know that Hero loves me j mtend* a kino 
erf' zeal both to the prince and Claudio. as— in love of 
your brother's honour, who hath made this match ; 
and his friend's reputation, who is thus Uke to be 
cozened with the semblance of a maid, — that ^ou 
have discovered thus. They will scarcely believe 
this without trial : offer them instances ; wnich shall 
bear no less likelihood, than to see me at her cham- 
ber-window ; hear me call Margaret, Hero ; hear 
Margaret term me Claudio \* and bring them to 
see mis, the very night before the intended wed- 
ding ; for, in the mean time I will so fashion the 
matter, that Hero shall be absent * and there shall 
appear such seemins truth of Heroes disloyalty, that 
jealousy shall be call'd assurance, and all the pre- 
paration overthrown. 

D. John, Grow this to what adverse issue it can, 
* I will put it in practice : Be cunning in the woriiing 
this, and thy fee is a thousand ducats. 

Borcu Be you constant in the accusation, and my 
cunning shall not shame me. 

Z>. John. I will presently go learn their day of 
marriage. [ExeurU. 

SCENE in. Leonato's Garden, Enter Behe- 
DicK and a Boy. 
Bene. Boy,— • 
Boy, Signior. 

1 Shakopeare uses stale here, and in a subsequent 
scene, for an abandoned tooman. A etale also meant 
a decoy or ture^ but the two words had different origins. 
It is obvirius why the term was applied to proatituies. 

3 Fretend. 

8 The old copies read Claudio here. Theobald al* 
tared fe tn Borachio ; yec if Claudio be wronr, it is most 
probably the poe^s oversight. Claudio might conceive 
that the supposed Hero, called Borachio by the name of 
Claudio in conseuuence of a secret agreement between 
them, as a cover in case she were overheard ; and he 
would know without a possibility of error that it was not 
Claudio with whom in fact she conversed. For the 
other arr^ments pro and con we must refer to the va* 
riorum Shakspeare. 

4 Orchard in Shakspeare*s time signified a garden. 
to, In Romeo and Juli st * 

Bene. In my chamber-window lies i book ; bmig 
it hither to me in the orchard.^ 

Boy. 1 am here, already, air. 

Bene, 1 know thal;-HMit I would have thee 
hence, and here again. [Exit Boy.] — I do much 
wonder, that one ma% seeing how much another 
man is a fool when he dedicates his behaviours to 
love, will, after he hath laughed at auch shallow 
follies in others, become the argument of his own 
scorn, by falling in love : And aoch a man is Clau- 
dio. I have known when there was no mnaic with 
him but the drum and fife ; and now had he rather 
hear the tabor and the pipe : I have known, when 
he would have walked ten nule afoot, to see a good 
armour; and now will he lie ten nights awake, 
carving the fashion of i new doublet.* He was 
wont to speak plain, and to the purpose, Uke an 
honest man, ana a soldier ; and now is he tum'd 
orthographer ; his words are a very fantastical ban- 
quet, just so many strange dishes. May I be so 
converted, and see with these eyes 7 I cannot tell ; 
I think not : I will not be sworn, but love may trans- 
form me to an oyster ; but Fll take ray oatn on it, 
till he have maae an oyster of me^^ he shall never 
make me such a fool. One woman is fiur ; yet I am 
well : another is wise ; yet I am well : anouer vir- 
tuous ; yet I am well : but till all the graces be in 
one woman, one woman shall not come m my grace. 
Rich she shall be, that's certain ; wise, or Pa none : 
virtuous, or Fll never cheapen her; fiur, or Fll 
never look on her ; mild, or come not near me ; no- 
ble, or not I for an angel ; of |;ood discourse, an 
excellent musician, andf her hair shall be of what 
colour it please God.* Ha! the prince and mon- 
sieur Love I I will hide me in the arbomr. 


Enter Don Pbdso, Lxohato, oiid Cliudio. 

/). Pedro. Come, shall we hear thin music 7 
CloMd. Tea, my good lord : — ^How still the even- 
ing is. 
As hush'd on purpose to grace harmony! 
D. Pedro. See you where Benedick nath hid him- 
Claud. O, very well, my lord : the music ended, 
Well fit the kid-fox* with a penny-worth. 

Enter Balthazaa, with mume. 

D. Pedro. Come, Balthazar^well hear that song 

BaUh. O good my lord, tax not so bad a voice 
To slander music any more than once. 

D. Pedro. It is the witness still (^excellency, 
To put a strange face on his own perfection : — 
I pray thee, sing, and let me woo no more. 

Ballh. Because you talk of wooing, I will sing. 
Since many a wooer doth commence his suit 
To her he thinks not worthy ; yet he woos ; 
Yet will he swear, he loves. 

D, Pedro. Nay, pray thee, come* 

Or, if thou wilt hold longer argument. 
Do it in notes. 

Balth. Note this before my notes. 

There's not a note of mine that's worth the noting. 

D. Pedro. Why these are very crotchets that ho 
Note, notes, forsooth, and noting ! [Mueie. 

Bene. Now, Divine air ? now is hb soul ravished ! 

< The orchard walls are high and hard to climb.* 

This word was first written hort-yard, then by corrup* 
tion hort-chtadj and hence orchard. 

5 This folly is the theme of all comfc satire. 

8 Benedick may allude to the fashion of dyeing the 
hair, very common in 8hakspeare*s time. Or to that of 
wearing false hair, whkh also then prevailed. So, in a 
subsequent scene : " I like the nsw tire within excel 
lently, if the hair were a thought browner.** 

7 Kld*fox has been sxmposed lo mean diecovered or 
detected fox ; Kid certainly meam known or discovered 
in Chaucer*s time. It may have been a technical term 
in the game of hide- fox; old tenns are sometimes longer 
preserved in iocular sports thsn in common usage. 
Some editors nave printed It hid-foxi and others ex- 
plained it yomig or en^/nr. 




it not ttru^e, that sheep's guts should bale 
souls out of men's bodies 7— Well, a bom for mj 
BKHMj, when all's done. 



Balth. Sigh no more, ladjmf ngk tie merv, 
Mtn wen dtetivtn eotr ; 
Oiu/beC m sea, and one en thart; 
7v ene tkmg eensConl na^o" : 
1%tn ai^ not 90, 
And U yen bHUu and bamw ; 
Connertinr aU your $omnd$ pfwm 
into, Iu$ mmny^ nomtjf. 


Sing ne inert diUut, mng ne me 
Of dumpe eo dm and keavg / 

TAeynnid ^ men teas ever to, 
Sutet nunmerjtni was Isovy .* 
T^len sigh noi ao, ^ 

/>. Pedro. Bj my troth, a good song. 

AolfA. And an ill singer, mj lord. 

/>. Pedire. Ha? no; no, fiuth ; thou singestwell 
enough for a shift. 

JIme. [AMide,] An he had been a dog, that should 
have howled thus, they would bare hanged him : 
and, I prar Grod, his bad voice bode no mischief! 
I had as lief have heard the night-rayen,* come 
what plMue could have come after it. 

D.Pearo, Tea, marry; [7\> Claudio.] — Dost 
thou hear, Balthazar 7 I pray thee, get us some ex- 
cellent music Hbr tc^morrow ni^t we would baye 
It at the ladj Hero's chamber wmdow. 

Batth, The best I can, mj lord. 

/>. Pedro. Do so : &rewell. [Exeunt Baltba- 
■▲n and wnuie,] Come hither, Leonato : What 
was it you told me of to-day 7 that your niece Bea- 
trice was in love with signior Benedick 7 

Claud, O, ay: -Stalk on^ stalk on; the fowl 
ncs.* [Aeide to Pedro.] I did never think that 
lady would have loved any man. 

Leon, No, nor I neither ^ but most wonderful, 
that she should so dote on signior Benedick, whom 
she hath in all outward behaviours seemed ever to 

Bene. Is't possible ? Sits the wind in that comer ? 


Lson, By my troth, my lord, I cannot tell what to 
think of it ; but that she loves him with an enraged 
afiection, — it is past the infinite of thought.* 

D, Pedro. May be, she doth but counterfeit. 

Claud. Faith, like enough. 

Leon. O God ! counterfeit ! There never was 
counterfeit of passion came so near the life of pas- 
sion, as she discovers it. 

D. Pedro, Why, what effects of passion shows 

Claud, Bait the hook weU ; this fish will bite. 


Leon. What effects, my lord ! She will sit you, — 
You heard my dau^ter tell you how. 

Claud. She did, mdeed. 

D. Pedro, How, how, I pray you ? Tou amaze 
me : I would have thought her spirit had been in- 
vincible asainst all assaults of anection. 

Leon, r would have sworn it had, my lord ; es- 
pecially against Benedick. 

Bene, 1 Aside.] I should think this a gull, but 
that the white-bearded fellow speaks it : knavery 
cannot, sure, hide itself in such reverence. 

Claud. He balh ta'en the infection ; bold it up. 

D, Pedro. Hath she made her affection known to 
Benedick 7 

No; and swean iheaeyar wiD: that'th« 


Gaud, Tifl true, indeed ; soyoardaaghtern 
Shall /, says she, that ham m ^ em 


1 i. e. the owl. 

3 This is an allution to the etaUdng-horee ; a horse 
eiihtr real or factitious, by which the fuwler anciently 
scieened himself from the sight of the game. 

3 i. e. < but with what an enraged affection she loves 
him. it is beyond the infinite power of thouchi to cod> 

4L e. Into a thousand emaU pUcea ; it should be re* 

JLsen. This says she now when she u i * « fi«»i«g 
to write to him : for she'll bo op twenty tuM« a 
night : and there will she sit in her moot, tiU wkB 
have writ a sheet of paper :— my daughter tells in 

Claud, Now you talk of a sheet of paper, I r»> 
member a pretty^ iest your daughter tola as oil 

£eon. O I — ^When she had writ it. and was rwd- 
ing it over, she found Benedick ana Beatrics be- 
tween the sheet 1— 
Claud, That. 

Z<eon O ! she tore the letter into a thoosand hdC^ 
pence ;* railed at herselfl that she ahould be so ia>- 
modest to write to one tnat she knew would float 
her : imeaaure him, says she, &y wtjf oamapiritifir 
iahouldjiout hiMy tf ha utrit to me; yea, tkamji I 
hoe him, iahauld, 

Claud. Then down upon her knees she &Ui^ 
weeps, sobs, beats her heart, tears her hair, prayS| 
curses: — O aweet Benedieh t Qodghaa wtapatmtea: 
Lean, She doth indeed ; my daughter says so : 
and the ecstasy^ hath so much overoome her, that 
my daughter is sometime afraid she will do a dee- 
perate outrage to herself: It is very true. 

D, Pedro, It were good, that Benedick knew of 
it by some other, if she will not discover it. 

Claud, To what end 7 He would but make a sport 
of it- and torment the poor lady worse. 

^ Jj. Pedro. An he should, it were an alms to hang 
him : She's an excellent sweet lady ; and, out of afl 
sunpicion, she is virtuous. 

Claud. And she is exceeding wise. 
D. Pedro, In every thing but in loving Benedick. 
Leon, O my lord, wisdom and Uood* oombatinf 
in so tender a Dod^, we have ten proofr to one, that 
blood hath the victory. I am sorry for her, as I 
have just cause, being her uncle ana her guardian. 
D. Pedro, I would, she had bestow'd this dotage 
on me ; I would have d^Sfd* all other respects, 
and made her half myself : I pray you, tell Bene- 
dick of iVuid hoar what he will say. 
Leon. Were it good, think you ? 
Claud, Hero tlunks surely, she will die : for she 
says, she will die if he love ncr not ; and she will 
die ere she makes her love known: and she will die 
if he woo her, rather than she will 'bate one breath 
of her accustomed crossness. 

D. Pedro. She doth well: if she should make 
tender of her love, 'tis very possible he'll scorn it ; 
for the man, as you know all, hath a contemptible* 

Claud, He is a very proper* man. 
D, Pedro, He hath, indeed, a good outward hap* 

Claud. 'Fore Ood. and in my mind, very wise. 
D. Pedro. He dotn, indeed, show some spaiks 
that are like wit. 
Leon. And I take him to be valiant. 
D. Pedro, As Hector, I assure you : and in the 
managing of (|uaTrels you may say he is wise ; for 
either ho avoids them with great discretion, or un- 
dertakes them with a most cnrisiian-like foar. 

Leon, If he do fear God, he must necessarily keep 
peace ; if ho break the peace, he ought to enter into 
a quarrel with fear and trembling. 

I). Pedro. And so will he do ; for the man doth 
fear God, howsoever it seems not in him bv some 
large jests he will make. Well^ I am sorry for your 
niece : Shall we go see Benedick, and tell him of 
her love ? 

membered that the eilver halfpence, which were then 
current, were very minute pieces. 
6 See the Tempest, Aa iiL Sc 1. 

6 i. e. passion. 

7 To do/f is the same as to do q/T, to dqf^ to put SAkle. 
S That IS, a spirit inclined to scorn and contempt B 

should be eontemptuotu. 
9 Handsome. 



Omi. RarartiD U^b; bad; iMWirai 

LiaiL Sxj, ihal'i iMqK«U« ; (ha mij wsu 
bMrt out ftnt. 

iX Pi^a. WstI, wall bstr Tunbar oT it b; j 
duufatgr j let it cwl Iba while. I tova Banet 
tnlT; ■dJ I could *i>b he would modaill; eun 
fciiMiiH toaae how nmcb be u uommh; to han 

Janii. Hf lord, will joo walk I itiTiaM ii nti 
C taii i . If ha do Doi doia on bv upon thi^ I 
niT aipeeuiion. [^ 

ihan be the Hme net nireui 
■t jxtur duuhter i 
Ihi iport w^l be, 
t uucber'a dDUJB, vta no 
la Bcaike ihit 1 would eee, 
dumb ■bow. Let at leDd 

BIVIDICI admtettfivm tin ariev. 
Aw. Thia can be DO trick : Tba cDaTsreBce wu 
Mdlj bonw.'— Their htra Ibe Inilh oT Ihii froo] 
Baro. "naj Mom to oil; the ladj ; it i 
aSeelioaa ban their full bent.* Lova 
it nuut be nKjoiled. I bear bow I am 
thoj laj, 1 will bear mfielf proudlj, if 
the hna coow from her ; they lay too, thai aha wil 
tmther die than give aoj ai^n df affection. — I dl 
Derar Ihiuk tD marnr :-'I muit not leem proud :- 
Happy ara they Ifaathear their detraclioiu, and cai 

efham ID luending. Thej ily the lady ia &ir 

—'til BO, I caonot reproTO it ; and wiae, but fo 
loTing me :^Bj my trothf it ii no addition lo ha 
wit ; nor xu creal amuocnt of bar fc^iyf lor I will 
be horribly in Ena wim her. 1 may cbuca hare 

baeaiua I D>** railed M loog aninat marriage: — 
BiMdotfa aollba appetite alter! A man Icrea the 
met in hii youth Ibat he cannot endure in hit an : 
Shall quipij and lanlencea, and (heaa paper hullaii 
oTlbe bfaia, awe a man frosi tha career of hie hu- 
•BDoiT No: The worldtDUitbepeopled. Whenl 
pud, t would die a bacbelor, I did aot Ifaink 1 

8CENKL Leooato'a Ontn. £i«r Huo, 

HiasAaBT, cad DaioiA. 
An. Good Uargarat, run thee into Ibe parlour t 

ETtIk is the otcfaanL and our whole 
[a all oT her i aaT, ibat Iboo orerhe. 
And bid her itaaJ into the ptaached 
Where booey-aocUn, lipen'd by lb 

Mado proud hy princi 
Aniul that power t 

' Thit ia thy oflico, 

To tuten our propoae :• Tim n thy o< 
Bear theo well m It, and leare at alooi 


tnea : By ilue day, riie'i a bir lady 1 1 do apy bobw 
BUka of lore in her. 

Bid. A^nit my will I am lenl to bid jou cone 

Brmt. Fair Beatrice, T thank you fbr your pallia. 

Bad. I took no mora paiiii fbrlfaoae Ibaoke than 
ym take paina to ihaok me ; if it had been painful, 
1 would Dot have come. 

Btiu. Tou lake pleaeure then in the manage 1 

Btt^ Yea, juet eo much ai you may take upon 
• hnttb'B point, and choke a daw widial : — Tou 
hftTa DO elomach, aignior ; fare you wall. lEriL 

Btv, Ha ! AramM >n^ miO I am ami to hd you 
MM te <f>»iir— thara'i a double maanuig in thai. 
/leat « man paant/cr Ihurn lAonb Am ym took 
p m ' a i (0 IhiBtlL He — Ibat'i u much ai [o lay, Any 
paina that I laka for you ii a< eaay ai thanka : — If 
IdoDMtakapilyoTber.IamaTinaini ifldonol 
loT* her, I am a Jew : I will go get her ncture. 


1 Sarloualy carried ra 


taly ibere i> no grouni for the 

MaMliiD In (be l aaj u aje far inftinau'ntt ttTtdeneY t 
u waa Died where U b Impoaflible tbere eauld hate 
Dean any aUoakm u the banding of a bow, «• In ibeee 
linaN, Itom a wriur of EliulKih'i age : • Tbe day 
bellnlBg or btadlttt la the araiilng.— ' Jlndfitf lo a 

^ ■fwpM hy It cooranmg, ftian the French Prvpat, 

t The fcUs reada pinnie. The quarto tnpon, 
WUch api —t i to be rlfU. See the [recefaf DOIa. 

Htn, Now, Untdi, when Boabice doth come, 
Aj we do trace thia aUey up and down. 
Out talk mint only be of ^nedich : 
When 1 do name kin, let it b< Ihjr wt 

My talk lo thee mual K bow Benedkl 

b lick In lore with Bawiee ; Of Ibia maltar 

If little Cupid^a craAy arrow made, 

Hut only woonda by beamy. Now begin j 

£mlB Bkatuo, MMd. 
For kiok wtaero Beatiiea, like a lapwing, nmt 
Cloaa by Ibe gnnmct, lo hear ool' conierenco. 

Vn, The pleaaanl'at angling ia to iM thaUl 
Cut *>itb their gotdan ean the aitni atraun, 
Aad greedily derair the treaebaroDi bail; 
8a angle wa fix Beatrice ; who aieo wn» 

Fear you not my pan of Iba dialcne. 
Htn. Than go ws near bat, Ibt her nr loa* 

Oftho " 


[ of it, madam T 

I know her ipirila are aa coj and wild 
Aj haggarda of tha rodb' 

Un. BmaroT 

That Banediek Wee Beatrice w 

Hbv. Boeayi tbe prince, and b 

Ujt. And did ihoy bid you tell 

ut 1 periuaded Ibam, if tbey lo 
o wiab him^ wraaile wiih ajbctioe^ 
od nanr lo tat Baatriea know of it, 

Urt. Why did you eo T Doth not the gaDllemaa 
eierva ai liill,' at limuDaie a bad, 
> ever Beairice iball conch tqioa T 

Htm. O God of lore I I know, ha dotb deaerte 

Of prouder ■tuffthin that of Beairice : 

td ecom ride iparkling m her eyea, 
• what they look on : and her wit 

Nor take no abaps nor projoci oftSbclian, 
Sbaiato -"■ — ' — " 


Though Mr. Read baa ahowu that puipoaa wae eoma* 

, ._ _„ „ (taloed ID obedience : ■ 

wild hawk. HaganL Fi. Latham, Id Ue Book of 
Fakonrr, aari ; ' Budk la iba ariitpiaa of her epbli. 
iMtwOtialidmilDfiM^Moatlr—" --■- - ■'--" 

Bojhi The Tragtcal RiHorjof 

ouorv worann,' «c. oo, m 
Dktaco and Vloleiua, IfTt ; 

* Perchanca ihe*! not of hanard*i 1 

Vat haan eo hard lo bead,' Sc. 
- mnt blm, thai la, reeemiMnd 01 du^rt hbn. So, 
hi The Heneil Wboce, UN i 

■ what ajUI (bnuiM doaa the Ihiek llpe « 
What Umla maanaDiayla, 'ibatbalaudl 
of eoeuleu hiwlnim ■■ aeatilce hmalt' 
■ UadarraJiihig. 


Vm, Sare,ItUidk 
Aad ~ 

BW. Wkjt JOT 

iralk: iMTer j«t 

Bow wife, bow Boblo, jiiig, Iww nnlr 6«taH4. 
Baiibewo^«H>wlMSwmrd:* irfiur4uwl» 
8beM swear the gnBthain ikoaU be ber Mler ; 

If blaek, why, natve, drmwkg of an mic. 
Made « fcul blo(:« /talL «^ "" ' 



Vlow, u agate wmj filefy cot :* 

If nealoBC, why a Taae MOWS 

If sSeairAy a block Moved w 

So tana ibe eveiy Maa the wroag aide out ; 

Aad aerer oivef to tnitb and vntae thai 

WUeb OBj^eDeai and BMfit porchaaetb. 
l/ra. 8ar«^ Mirt^ saeb carping it Boteow 
Men, No: Bortobedboddyaadfroaiallfrahioa% 

As Beatrice ii, cannot be 

Bat who dare tell ber so? If IshoaUspaak, 
She'd BMck aw into air ; O, she wodd lai^ bm 
Ont of Biyn^pnw ae to death with wit.* 
Hierefiire let Benedick, like cover'd fire, 
Consumu away in adbs, waste inwardly : 
It were a better death than die with nMcka ; 
HVhich is as bad as die wMb tickling.* 

Un, Tet tell her of it: bear what she wiD say. 

Hsrs. No ; rather I will go to Benedick, 
And eoonsel hiiB to fight a^unat hie paasion : 
And, tndy, FIl devise sobm honest slanders 
To stain say eoosni widi : One doth not know. 
How arach an ill word awy wyoisnn liking. 

Un. O, do not do yoor ooasa saeh a wrong. 
She cannot be so nneh without trve jodgnent, 
(Having so swifts and eaeellent a wit. 
As she IB priiPd to bava,) asto rsfiise 
So rare a gentleouui as signior Benedkk. 

Htn, He is the only nwn of Italy, 
Always excepted nrr dear ClandiOi 

Un, I pray yon. Da not anffry with no, madam. 
Speaking mj fancy j siguor aenedkkf 
For shape, for bearing, arginnent.* and valoor, 
Goee foremost in report through Italy. 

Hero. Indeed, he nath an eiceUeat good name. 

Un. His exoeUenoy did earn it, ere he had it^— 
When are you married, madam 7 

Hen. Why, everyday ;— to-morrow : Come, coin: 
ni show thee some attires ^ and have thy coansel, 
Which is the best to furnish me tc^morrow. 

Ur9. She's Um'd' I warrant you ; we have caught 
her. madam. 

lien. If it prove so, then loving goes by haps : 
Some Cupid kills with arrows, some with traps. 

[Exeunt Hero and Ursula. 

Bratrick odoaaotf. 

BeaL What fire is in mine ears 7* Can this be 
true 7 

I AUudinr to the practice of witches in uitering pray- 
er*, i. e. mi-tinterpret them. Several paasa^^, oomain- 
ing a similar train of thought, are cited by Mr. Sceevena 
from Lily's Euphuee. 

'2 A black man here means a man whh a dark or thick 
beard, which Is the Mot in nature's drawing. 

S An agate is oflen used metaphorically for a very 
diminutive person, in allusion to the figures cut in agate 
finr rings, kc. Q,ueen Mab is deseribed, * In shape no 
Mgger than an agate atone on the forefinger ci an alder* 
man.* See note on K. Henrv IV. Part 3. 

4 The allusion is to an ancient punishment inflicted on 
those who refused to plead to an Indictment If they 
continued silent, they were pressed to death by heavy 
weighu lakl on their stomach. Tliis species of torture 
is now abolished. 

$ This word is intended to be pronounced as a trisyl* 
kUsle, it was sometimes written tiekeling. 

8 Quick, ready. 7 Conversation. 

8 i. e. ensnared and entangled, as a sparrow with 

9 Alluding lo the proverbial saying, which Is as old 
as Plioy^ time : * tW when our eetre do glow and 
tingle^ some there be that in our absence do talle of us.* 
Hollands Translation, B. xzxiii. p. 9P7. 

If TUs Image Is laksn from Falconry. She has been 
Ckaifid Whh MagaswUdas Aiwi«n4raf ftefadb; 

Ho 0my hvna ^ . 

And, Benadnck, lova es, 1 wnl c«dibiv ibovs 

Tbnng ay wid hsait ta thj Ww hu/:>* 
T-ffirinirit frri. mt kiiihisM iImiI gits Ihis 

To bind oar hivaa op hi a ksly bud : 
Fbrotketas^ythendaat tosiwi g aadl 
Believe it bettor than repoftii^y. [Ak, 


Don PftDEo^ Glavdio^ Bbvbmck, md !•• 


APlsdina Idobatau^tiByMrawviagobacMh 

, and than I go toward Arranon. 

rU bring yon thithsr, aqr kMd, if ynrt 

AAdra. NaT, that wnald ba aa grant a kmI ii 

the new gloss oi yoor nmrriaga, aa to show a chU 
hiineweoat,and'^fctbidbiaBlowaarit. IwglMdy 
be boU with Benedick for hia coasaanv : fer, fton 
the crown of hia head to the aolaor hw fecK, kt ii 
aBarirth; he hath twice or thriea ent Cnpidfv bo»> 
i«ring, and the htde hangman'* dara not dwat at 
Uas: he bath a heart aa aoond aa a baD, and bii 

tongoa M the dapper ; 6r what kk kanrCOULkb 
tangne speaka.** 

Ane. Oallanla, I aa not as I kava baan. 

Xeoa. Soaayl: mnthinks jrm am aaiHwr, 

Cf e n dL I hope, he be in love. 

D. Pedrs. Haagbia^traant; thare^notmtdnp 
orbloodinhhn,tobetmlytondi'dwithk»va: ifki 
be sad, be wants money. 

JBsne. I have the tooth-adi.** 

IX Psdra. Draw iL 

Bene. Hang it! 

CEsnd. Ton most hang it first, and draw it aibr* 

D. Pedn. What, sigh for the tooch-adi 7 
Where b oot a himoiir, or a worm? 

jB^ns. Well, every one can master a grieC brit hi 

Clsad. Yet aay I, he ia in love. 

/). Pedn. Tliere b no appearance of fkney>*ni 
him, unless it be a &iicy that he hath to strange £a> 
guises ; as, to be a Dutchman to-day ; a French- 
man to->morrow ; or in the shape of two countries at 
once ; * * as, a German from the waist downward, iD 
slops;'* and a Spaniard from the hip upward, no 
doublet : Unless he have a fancy to tms roolery, as 
it appears he hath, he b no fool for fancy, aa yon 
would have it appear he b. 

Claud, If he be not in love with some 

she therefore says, that wild 
tame it to the hand. 

as her heart b, die wll! 

11 Dr. Fanner has illustrated thb term by cUng a ] 
sage from Sidney^s Arcadia, B. II. C. jdv. ; bm it so 
probable that no more is meant by Aangniait than sse 
ctUioneTj slayer of hearts. 

13 A coven allusion to the old proverb : 

* As the fool (hinketh 
The bell clinketh.* 

18 So, in The False One, by Beaumont and FlsCdMr: 
* O this sounds mangily, 
Poorly and scunrily in a soldier's mouth ; 
You had best be ux>ubled with the toothach too^ 
For latere ever are,* 

14 H play upon the word faneyf which Shakspears 
uses for hvef as well as for humourf et^frice, or ^^ss* 
to ft on. 

13 So, in The Seven deadly Sinnes of London, bv 
Decker, 1806, * For an Englishman's sute b like a tru 
tor's body that hath beene hanged, drawne, and qoar- 
tered, and is set up in several places : hJs codpiece, la 
Denmarke ; the collar of his aublet and the belly, in 
France ; the wing and narrow sleeve, in Italy ; the shoct 
waste hangs over a botcher's stall in Utricn : hb haga 
sloppes speaks Spanish ; Polonia gives him me booCSSi 
kjc — and thus we mocke everie nation for keeping ona 
fashion, yet steale patches flroro sveiie of them m piece 
out our pride ; and are now laughing-stocks to them, ba- 
cause their cut so scurvlly becomes us.' 

16 Large loose breeches or trowssrs. "-nrrr i rfin 
sdlsr ^ ons who fbmlshss ssamsn, kc whk doikM 


there it no baUering old rifM! he bcaahMhblutt 
o* moRiiiMr* ; What •hoold thet bode 7 

D. PeSo. Hath any man seen him at the bar* 

Gfawd No, bet the baiber'B man bath been seen 
with him ; and the old ornament of his cheek hath 
■Ireadj staffed tennis-balls. 

lAtn. Indeed, he looks younger than he did, by 
the loss of a beurd. 

D. Pedro, Nay, he nibs himself with civet : Can 
yoa smell him out by that ? 

CkauL That's as much as to say,The sweet youth's 
ki love. 

/>. Pedro, The greatest note of it it his melan- 

Citmd, And when was he wont to wash his fiice 7 

/>. Pedro, Tea, or to paint himself 7 finr the which, 
I hear what they say of him. 

Claud, Nay, but nis jesting spirit ; which is now 
crept into a lutestring* and now governed b^ stops. 

X>. Pedro, Indeed, that tells a heavy tale for him : 
Condude, conclude, he is in love. 

Gamd, Nay, but I know who loves him. 

D. Pedro, That would I know too ; I warrant, 
one that knows him not. 

Cfaad. Yes, and his ill conditions ; and, in despite 
ef jdl, dies for him. 

D, Pedro, She shall be buried with her face up- 

Beme. Tet is this no charm for the tootb-ach. — 
Old signior, walk aside with me: I have studied 
si^t or nine wise words to speak to you, which 
these hobby-horses must not hear. 

[Exeunt Benedick and Lbovato. 

/>. Pedro, Fur my life, to break with him about 

Cluud, T^ even so : Hero and Margaret have 
bjr this played their parts with Beatrice ; and then 
the two bears wiA not bite one another when they 


filter Dov John. 

D, John, Bfy lord and brother, God save you. 

D, Pedro. Crood den, brother. 

D. John, If your leisure served, I would speak 
with you. 

D, Pedro. In private ? 

D, John, If it please you :->-yet Count Claudio 
mav hear ; for what I would speak of concerns him. 

h. Pedro, What's the matter 7 

D, John. Means your lordship to be married to- 
morrow? ' [To Cl AUDIO. 

D, Pedro. You know, he does. 

D. John. I know not that, when he knows what 
I know. 

CSaud. If there be any impediment, I pray you, 
discover it. 

D. John. You may think, I love you not ; let that 
appear hereafter, anid aim better at me by that I 
BOW will manifest : For my brother, I think, ne holds 
you well ; and in deamess of heart bath holp to 
effect vour ensuing marriage ; surely, suit ill spent, 
and labour ill bestowed ! 

/>. Pedro. Why, what's the matter? 

D, J^m, I came hither to tell vou ; and, circum- 
stances shortened, ^for she hath been too long a 
talking of,) the lady is disloyal. 

CUmd, Who? Hero? 

D.John, Even she; Leonafco's Hero, your Hero, 
•very man's Hero. 

Claud, Disloyal? 

X>. Joho%, The word is too good to punt out her 
vrickedness; I could say, she were worse; think 
>oa of a worse title, and I will fit her to it. Won- 
eier BoC till further warrant : go but with me to-night, 

1 Lave-eonge, in Shakspeare*B time, were sung to the 

9. So, in Henry VL Part 1. 

* As melancholy as an old Hon or a Utver*e lute.* 
9 i. e. * in her lovers arms.* 8o In The Winters 

Flo. What ? like a corse ? 

Per. No, Uke a bank for hive to lie and play on ; 

Not like a corse >-or if,— not to be buried. 

But nniek and In my arms.* 

you shall see her chamber-wiadair entiled ; even 
the night before her weddiai-day : if you love her 
then, to-morrow wed her: but it would better fit 
your honour to dianee your mind. 

Claud. May this be so 7 

D. Pedro, I will not think it. 

D, John. If you dare not trust that yon see, ooo 
fess not that you know : if you will foUow me, I will 
show you enough ; and when you have seen morOy 
and heard more, proceed accordingly. 

Qaud. If I see any thing to-night why I should 
not marry her tc^morrow ; in the congregation, whers 
I should wed, there will I shame her. 

D. Pedro, And as I wooed for thee to obtain her, 
I will join with thee to disgrace her. • 

D, John. I will disparage her nO fiurther, till you 
are my witnesses : bev it coldly but till midnight, 
and let the issue show itselC 

D. Pedro. O day untowardly turned ! 

Claud, O mischief strangely thwarting I 

/>. John, O plague right well prevented ! 
So will you say, when you have seen the sequeL 


SCENE m. A Street, Enter DoaBsamy and 
VKiiass,* loiA the Watch. 

Dogb, Are you good men and true 7 

Verg. Yea, or else it were pity but they should 
suffer salvation, body and souL 

Dogh. Nay, that were a pumshment too good for 
them, if they should have any allegiance in them, 
being chosen for the prince's watch. 

Verg. Well, give them their diarge,^ neighbour 

Dogb. First, who think you the most desartless 
man to be constable 7 

1 Watch, Hugh Oatcake, sir, or George Seacoal ; 
fiNT they can write and read. 

Dogb, Come hither, neighbour Seacoal. God hath 
bleasmi you with a good name : to be a well fovour- 
ed man is the gift <n fortune ; but to write and read 
comes by nature. 
t Watch, Both which, master constable,—— 
Dogb, You have ; I anew it would be your an* 
swer. Well, for your favour, sir, why, give God 
thanks, and make no boast of it ; and mr your writ- 
ing and reading, let tlmt appear when tnere is no 
need of such vanity. You are thought here to be 
the most senseless and fit man tor the constable of 
the watch ; therefore bear you the lantern : Tlus is 
your charge: You shall comprehend all vagrom 
men ; you are to bid any man stand, in the prince's 

2 Watch. How if he will not stand ? 

Dogb, Why then, take no note c^him, but let him 

S> ; and presently call the rest of the watch toge- 
er, and thank God you are rid of a knave. 

Verg, If he will not stand when he is bidden, he 
is none of the prince's subjects. 

Dogb, True, and they are to meddle with none 
but the prince's subjects :— You shall also make no 
noise in the streets : for, for the watch to babble and 
talk, is most toleraole snd not to be endured. 

2 Watch, We will rather sleep than talk ; we know 
what belongs to a watch. 

Dogb, Why, you speak like an ancient and most 
quiet watchman; for I cannot see how sleeping 
should offend; only, have a care that your bills be 
not stolen :— Well, you are to call at all the al^ 
houses, and bid those that are drunk get them to 

2 Watch. How if they will not 7 

Do^, Why then, let them alone till they are so 
her ; if they make you not then the better answer, 
ou may say, they are not the men you took them 


S The first of these wonhies Is named firom Am Dog- 
berry or female cornel, a shrub that grows in every 
county in England. Vergee is only the provhiclal pro- 
nunciation ofvetiuiee. 

4 To charge his follows seems to have besn aitgfllHr 
part of the duty of the constable. 


f ITtfdk. W«H, ar. 

JDb^. Uroa meet « tfacl^ foa n^ mpaet Un, 
b3rvuta«oMroyroAe«|tobeBotnMMaa: and, for 
micfa load or meiif tiMlon yov meddle or aainwitk 
tiw, wfay^ the more it for joor hoaeerr. 

t ^oloH. If wo know him to be a tfue^ dun we 
Dot laj headf on him? 

. Zlofk ^^^vly, by year offieo^ yoa mvr; but I 
thinly they that touch piteh will be defiled: the 
meet peaceable way for you, if yoa do take a thie^ 
ilk to let him ibow lumoaif what be b, and iteal out 
€1 iroar oompaay. 

Verg, You have been alwaya called a mercifiil 

Ihgh, Truly, I would not haiif a dogby bit will ; 
much more a aua, who hath any boneo^ in maa. 

Vtrg, If you hear a child cnr in the nigbt, you 
BUBt can to the mine, and bid bar atili it.' 

t Waieh. How if tho mirae be aaleep, and win 
not hear us? 

Dogh, Why then, depart in peace, and let the 
child wake bier wito crjriiif ; ibrthe owe that wiU 
•othear herlamb whenitbaaa, wiUnereraniwera 
calf when he bleata. 

Vtrg, Tw very true. 

Dogb, Thia ia tho end of die charge. You, con- 
■taUe, are to preaent the prince's own peraoB ; if you 
meet the prince in die ni^t, you may atay him. 

Vtrg, Nay, by'r lady, tnat, I think, he cannot. 

Dtfo. F^TO aoiUinfS to one on't, with any man 
that knowa the atatnea, he may atay him: bmutt, 
not without the prince be willing ; ror, indeed^ the 
watch ou^t to offend no man ; and it ia an oflmice 
to atay a man againat hia wilL 

Verg. Bfr iSHj, I think, it be ao. 

DofA. Ha, ha, ha! WeU, maatera, good msht: 
an there be any mattor of weight chancea, caU up 
me : keep your fenowa* counaela and your own,' 
■iMi cood night — Come, neighbour. 

S Wateh, WeU, maatera, we hear our charge : let 
ua go ait here upon the churoh-bench tin ttra, and 
dien all to bed. 

i>of6. One word more,honeatneigliboura : I pray 
you. watch about aignior Leonato'a door; Ibrthe 
wooding beiikjg there to-morrow, there b a great coal 
to-night : Adieu, be vigitant, I beseech you. 

lExeuni DooBi.aRT and Vxioks. 
Enter BoaxcHio and CovaADK. 

Bora. What! Conrade,— 

JVatrJL Peace, stir not. [Aside, 

Bora, Conrade, I say ! 

Con, Here, man, I am at thy elbow. 

Bora. Mass, and my elbow itched ; I thought 
there would a scab follow. 

Con. I will owe thee an answer for that ; and now 
forward with thr tale. 

^oro. Stand thee close then under this pent-hooso, 
lor it driades rain ; and I will, like a true drunkard, 
utter all to thee. 

fVatch, [Aiide.] Some treason, masters ; yet stand 

Bora, Therefore know, I have earned of Don John 
a thousand ducats. 

Con, Is it possible that any viUany ahould be ao 

Bora, Thou shouldst rather ask, if it were pos- 
sible any viilany should be so rich ; for when rich 
Tillains have need of poor ones, poor ones may make 
what price they will. 

Con, I womior at it. 

Bora, That shows thou art unconfirmed :' Thou 
knowest, that the &shion of a doublet, or a hat, or 
a cloak, is nothing to a man. 

1 It is nnc iropossiible but that a ran of this scene was 
Intended as a burlesque upon *The Statutes of the 
Streets, imprinte<l bv Wolfe In ld93.» 

3 This is port of tne oath of a frand juryman, and is 
one of many proofs of Shakspeare's haring been Tery 
conrersant with \tn\ nroceedings and courts of Justice 
at some period of his life. 

t Unpracticed in the ways of the world. 

4 L e. discoloured by amoke, reeJkif From reeon, 

JBoru. I iiieaa. dw 

Cbn. Yea, dm fhaUas » Ihn ftittiib 

Bwa. TMb! ImayaanuOfln^dmURiti 

oL BataeeetdMMtwfcuadUiniiMMi 

frahioQ ia? 

WMdL Ikmnrtfaat 
▼lie thief thia aerea jaar; ha 
a gendemaa : 1 1 iiimiimhai hi 
li^rtt. Didat thou Bot bear 
Goa.No; HwaatiM 

JBsra. SeeaC thou Bot, I aaj, 
thief thia fikshion ia 7 ' 

aometime, (asnioBing dmm like FlmnrnM 
in the reediy^paiBtmg: * "^^ " 

prieata in the old churai wiDdaar s n 
the aharea Hereulea ia Iha aaHicaadl^ 
tapeatnr, where Ida ood-pieea 

Con. Mdualaee; and aauy dmt ihe 
weara out more apparel thaa !!»■■■: Bsi 
diou diyaelf ^ddy widi dm ftaUoa taa^ Jkmmm 
haat amfted oat of thy tale ialo taOiiif Bt af *i 

JBsra. Notaoneidiar: but! 


: botkaoaiylhall 

night wooed Bfargaret| the lady HawWa | 

oro : aha leaaa me 

man, by the name of liero j 
miatrestf chmnbef^window, UM« w« • I 
good night,r-I tett thia tale TiMy :- 
leU diee, how the Princ^ Claa&ii and my i 
planted, and placed, ana poaaesaed by my 
bon John, aaw a&r off m the unkarattiB 
Goa. And dmught they, Hamrei araa B«o 7 
Bora, Two of Ihem did. die Prinoa aad Cladbi 
but the derU my master knew aha tn 
and partly by hia oatha. which fbatp 
partly by th« dark nunt, winch (' 
out chieflty by my viUany, which did oonirm ttf 
alander thiat Don John hiad made, away ureat CIm* 

t iiaraabavM 

dio enraged; awore he would 

appointed, next morning at the temple, aad t ha a a, 

before die whole conmaatioii. ihaaae hm win 

what he saw OYcr^night, and send her 
without a husband. 

I fVateh, We charge you in the prinee'a 

t JVatch, CaU up die right maaterconatable: We 
have here recovered the moat dangeroua piece of 
lechery that ever was known in the commonweaMu 

1 iVateh, And one Deformed ia one of them ; I 
know him. he wears a lock. 

Con, Masters, masters. 

2 IVatch. You'll be made bring Deformed ftith, 
I warrant you. 

Con, Masters,— 

1 Watch, Nerer apeak; we charge you, let oa 
obey you to go with ua. 

Bora, We are like to prore a coodly eonaiodifiw 
being taken up of these men's bilb.* 

Chn, A commodity in question,* I warrant yea. 
Come, we'll obey you. 

SCENE IV. A Room in Leonato'a fleaae. Eii»r 
Hero, Maroaket, and UaaiTLA. 

Hero. Good Ursula, wake my count Beatriea^ 
and desire her to rise. 

Ur9. I will, lady. 

Hero. And bid her come hither. 

Ura, Well. [Esit UaauLA. 

Marg, Troth, I think, your other rabato* 

Hero. No, pray thee, good Meg, FU wear tbia. 

6 Soiled, sullied. Probably only another Item of 
emutche.d. The word is peculiar to Shakspeare. 

6 We hare the same conceit in K. Henry VL Part 
ii. < My lord, when shall we go to Cheapride, and Into 
up commodiUee upon our bille /' 

7 i. e. in examination or trial. 

8 AkijHlofruir. Rabat^Vr, Menage saya It i 

from rabattrt. to pm back, being at first nodungbac Aa 
collar of the shin turned back toward the aboafiani 



Mmg. Bj mj troth, it*i notio gotd; aad I 
«aL joor counn will mv so. 

iftrtw My oouni's i tt>ol, mud tfaea art anoCbwr ; 
ni wear none but this. 

Btmg, I like the new lire* withia exceUentlj, if 
ibe hair were a thoufbt browner : wad. joor sown's 
a BMWt rare fiwhion, i'fiuth. I saw the dochetB of 
HDUb's fown, that tker praise eow 

M&n, O, that excee<U| the? my. 

Wf. aj my troth it's but a night-gown in re- 
01 yourt : Cloth of gold, and cuts, and laced 
with ailver; set with pearhn down-aleereiL tide- 
nleerea,* and tkirta roond, underbome with a blueish 
tinnol : bat for a fine, quaint, craoefiil, and excellent 
fcahion, yourt is worth ten on^t. 

Aro. God giro mo joy to wear it, for my heart 
li exeeedins b^Ty I 

Marg, 'Twill l»e heaTier soon by die weight of a 

Are. IVe unon thee ! art not ashamed ? 

Mmg. Of wnat, lady? of speaking honourably ? 
li not nianriace honourable in a begcar ? Is not your 
loni honourable without marriage? I think, tou 
would haTe me sav^ aaTing your retereace,— « mis- 
^tmd : an bad thinking do not wrest true speaking, 
I'll oAnd nobody : Is there any harm wr'-ihe htamer 
fttmhuhmdJ None, I think, an it be the right hus- 
Mad, and the rig^t wife ; otherwise 'tis light, and 
not heavy: Ask my lady Beatrice else, Mre she 

Eidtr BsATRicB. 

Hvo, Good morrow, cox. 

JBeotf. Good morrow, sweet Hero. 

Htn, Why, hew «ow3 do you speak in the sick 

BtOL I am oat of all other tune, methinks. 

Marg, Clap us into— £4^ o* lovt ; that goes 
without burden: do you sing it, and 111 dance it. 

BetA, Tea, light •* ioee/ with your heels 7— 
then if yeur huiribaad haYo stables enough, you'll 
•ee be wall lack no bams.^ 

Jfor^^O illegitimate construction! I scorn that 
with my Tieels. 

B^al. Tis almost fire o'clock, cousin ; 'tis time 
you were ready. By my troth I am exceeding iU : 
—hey ho! 

Marg, For a hawk, a horse, or a husband 7 

BeoL For the letter that begins them all, H.^ 

Marg. Well, an tou be not turned Turk, there's 
•o Bsore sailing by the star. 

Beotf. What means the fooL trow 7* 

Marg. Nothing I ; hut Goa send every one their 
heart's desire ! 

JEfcro. These clores the count sent me, they are 
•B excellent pernime. 

Ji<aaf. I am stuffed, cousin, I cannot smelL 

Marg, A maid, ana stuffed ! there's goodly catch- 
iag of cold. 

1 Head-dress. 

S i. e. long tUtMM, Side or »yde in North Britain is 
~ for long when applied to tbe garmrnL h has the 
aame signification In Anglo-Saxon and Danish. 

S Tbe name of a popular old dance tune, mentioned 
•Min In the Two Gentlemen of Verona, and in sereral 
or our old dramas. Tbe notes are given in the Vario- 
CUBB Bhakspeare. 

4 A quibble between btema repositories for com, and 
haimM children, formerly pronounced bams. 80, In 
TTie Winter's Tale : 

* Mercy on os, a bam ! a very pretty bam /* 

• That is for an aek or pain, pronouncod aitch. See 
mote on Tempest. Act I. Sc. 3. Heywood has an epigram 
which best etucioaies this : 

*H is worst among letters in the cross-row, 

For if thou find htm either in thine elbow, 

In thine arm or leg, in any degree ; 

In thine head, cr teeth, or toe, or knee ; 

Imo what place soever H may pike him. 

Wherever thou find him aeke thou shall not like hi m. * 

• 80 In The Merry Wives of Windsor :— * Who's 
Ihars. trow ?> This obsolete exclamation of inquiry is 
m eoooraetkin of tnw ye? think you? believe you? 
Stsevens wajs mistaken In saying, that To trow is to 
imagtam, to coneetre. 



BoaL O, God help me ! God help me ! how long 
have you profess'd i^rehensi<m 7 

Marg, Ever since you left it: doth not my wit 
become me rarely 7 

BtaL It is not seen enoush, you should wear it 
in your caik— By my troth, I am sick. 

Marg, Get you some of this distilled Carduus 
Benedictus^* and lay it to your heart ; it is the only 
thinf for a qualm. 

luro, Tuere thou prick'st her with a thistle. 

jBeotf. Beiiedictus I why Benedictus7 you have 
some moral* in this Benedictus. 

Marg, Moral 7 no, by m v troth, I have no moral 
meaning ; I meant, plain noly-tmstle. You may 
think, perchance, that I think tou are in love : nay, 
by'r lady, I am not such a fool to think what I list ; 
nor I list not to think what I can ; nor, indeed, I 
cannot think, if I would think my heart out of think- 
ing that you are in love, or that you will be in love, 
or that you can be in love : yet Benedick was such 
another, and now is he becoane a man ; he swore he 
would never marry ; and vet now, in despite of his 
heart, he eats his meat without grudging :* and how 
you mav be converted, I know not ; but methinks, 
you looa with your eyes as other women do. 

BeaL What pace is thb that thy tongue keeps? 

Marg, Not a folse gallop. 

Rttnter UsttJLA. 

Un, Madam, withdraw ; the prince, the count, 
signior Benedick, Don John, and all the gallants of 
the town, are come to fetch you to church. 

Hero, Help to dress me, good cox, good Meg, 
good Ursula. [Eaeunt, 

SCENE V. Another Room m Leonato's JSouse. 
Enter Leovato, with Doobxsst trnd Vksoks. 

Leon, What would you with me, honest neigh- 

- Dogb. Marry, nr, I would have some confidence 
with you, that decerns you nearly. 

Zieon. Brief^ I pray you ; for you see, 'tis a busy 
time with me. 

Dogb, Marr^, this it ii^ sir. 

Verg, Tes, m truth it is, sir. 

Leon. What is it, my good friends 7 

Dogb, Goodman Verges, sir, speaks a little off 
the matter: an old man, sir. and nis wits are not so 
blunt, as. God help, I would desire they were ; but 
in faith, honest as tho skin between his brows. 

Verf, Yes, I thank God. I am as honest as any 
man Uving, that is an old man and no honester 
than I. 

Bogb, Comparisons are odorous: ptdabras,^'* 
neighbour Verses. 

Leon, NeigKoours, you are tedious. 

Dogb, It pleases vour worship to say so. but we 
are the poor' * duke's officers ; out, truly, for mino 
own part, if I were as tedious as a king, I could 
find in my heart to bestow it all of your worship 

Leon, All thy tediousness on me !' ha ! 

7 * Cardutie Benedirtua^ or blessed thistle (says Co- 
^n In his Haren of Health, 1595), so worthily named 
for the singulsr virtues that it hath.*— < This herbe may 
worthily be called Benedictue, or Omnimorbia^ that ft 
is a salve for every sore, not known to physitiansof old 
dme, but lately revealed by the speclall providence cf 
Almifihty Ood.* 

8 * You have some moral in this Benedictus,* 1. 0. 
some hidden meanings like the mora/ of a fable. Thus 
in the Rape of Lucrece : 

' Nor could she moralixe his wanton sight.* 
And in the Taminf of the Shrew, * 10 expound the mean- 
inr or moral of his signs and tokens.* 

9 i. e. */eede on lovey and likes his food.* 

10 i. e. wordty in Spanish. It seems to have been cur. 
rent here for a dme, even among the vulgar ; it was 
probably introduced by our sailors, as well as the cor- 
rupted form j>ala*ver. We have h again in the mouth 
of Sly the Tinker, * Therefore paucue paUabrie : let 
the world slide, Sessa.* 

U This stroke of pleasantry, arising from the trans- 

Seition of the epkhet poor^ has already occurred In 
easure for Measure. £lbow says ; < If it {ilease your 
honour, I am the poor d!ii4«*s consiabls.> 


IMw Taty Mid Iwwe a 1 
Aaa'tii; 6r I hmt u^ood 
ifoiAifi — of My ■■■ ni thed^; Mid thoofh I 
W bat a poor maa, I tat j^ to hear iL 

Vtrg. Awl oo aa L 

JLaMu I woold iua know wilat'yoa hmm to mf, 

Verg. Marry, nr, ow watck to-aigitt, imwpfinf 
joor fvorahip^s p wota c e, haTO ta'on a ooapio of ao 
•anroat knaTM m ai^ ia Meonia. 

Z>a|g*. A good ola aaa, sir : ha wiD be tdkiBf ; 
aa th^ aa?, Whan tha aga k iB.tbawkiioat: 
Oodbelpna! U b a mU to aaa P— WaD a^ 
nUth, naig^dHMv Taraaa :— well, God's a good 
an tuo BMB rida of a bona, ona amt rida 

Mund:— Am hooaat aoaL Pbicb, lir : by aytfotfi 
baia, aa avar broha bread : bm, Gad ia to m wor- 
All BMB are not alike ; alaa! gaod Migb- 

Lem, Initaadi Migjbbaar, ba eaiMa too abort af 

Ihgk. Oifta, that God giraa. 

/will I moat laat<e yoa. 

Mkgb. One ward, air: o« yf^^ *v, bava, la- 
Q, oo BM i ral iaiwad two tiMftot^tt parMMu, aad 
woold bava tbaai dib aioraug araminad baftra 
your wonbub 

LtoH. Take tlieirwnmiaafioa yoofaal^ aad bring 
it aw ; I am now in great baatOy aa it may a|ipaar 

A^ It riiall ba adBganca. 

XaMu DriiA aona wine are yoa go I frreymwaBa 

JEiuUtwl neaaenger* 

Jftet. My lord, they stay for you to ^va yoar 
darter to bar husband. 

i^pa, I win wait upon them ; I am ready. 

[ISsaanl Lxovato oad Meaaenger. 

Mhg^ Go, good parlaer, go, get yoa to IVsacb 
8eaeoal, bid lum brag his pen aad mkhorn to the 
gaol ; we are now to anmmation tbeae hmb. 

Vvg» And we snst do it wiaiily. 

Don, We will apara fi»r no wit, I warraat yoa ; 
liara'a that, [T^mMng Ua f<frdtni,\ shaU drira 
sa m e of them to a «sa mm : only gat the learned 
writer to set down oar airommimication, and meet 
me at the gaoL [JElammr. 


SCENE L Thelntideqf a Ckwrth, Enter Don 
Panao, I>oir Johh, Leoitato, Friar, Cl audio, 
fismeDicK, Haao, and BcATaicc, ^ 

Leon, Come, Fnar Francis, be brief: only to 
the plain form of marriage, ana yoa ahall recount 
their particular duties afterwards. 

JVior. You come hither, my lord, to marry this 

Climd, No. 

Leon, To be married to her, friar ; you come to 
jaarry her. 

fnar. Lady, you come hither to be married to 
this count. 

Hero, I do.