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Or Practical Knowledge for the People, 

Prom the Life-Long Observations of the Author, embracing the Choicest, Most Valnabia 
and Entirely New Receipts in Every Department of Medicine, Mechanics, and Household 
Economy; including a Treatise on .'. .'. .*. .'• .*• . • .'• 




With Remarks and Explanations which adapt it to the Every-day Wants of the People, 
Arranged in Departments and most Copiously Indexed. .'. .'. '.* 

By a. W. chase, A\. D., 

AiTTHOR OF "dr. chase's seckipts; or information for kverybody." also t>R. chassis 


"Why Conceal that which Relieves distress." 



Detroit, Mich., and Windsor, Ont. 



Publishers' Notice. 

WE desire to place a copy of this work in the hands 
of every family, and, if the neighborhood has 
been canvassed and there is no agent through whom it 
can be purchased, we will send by mail, free of postage, 
faingle copies to any address on receipt of the regular 
subscription price. 

We at all times desire agents. The terms are liberal, 
and the agency to sell this work in any field will afford a 
good living to any man or woman of intelligence. Agents 
will be assigned territory in the order of their application. 
For name and address of the publishers, see title page. 

CoPYRiQHT, 18&-T, BY A. W. Chase. 


All Rights Reserved. 




To the Twelve Hundred Thousand Families, througliout the 
United States and Dominion of Canada, 








A. W. CHASE, M. D. 


In presenting this book to the public, we make no apologies. 
There never was but one Doctor A. W. Chase. The immense sale 
of his former works is evidence that the public demand all that 
ever came from his prolific and philanthropic pen. There is no 
man now living, and none dead, whose writings have been so 
eagerly sought for, and no man, whose whole life was so 
devoted to the good of others. Through reverses in business, he 
left no pecuniary benefits to his family except the manuscript of 
this book, but died with the consciousness that his work had been 
appreciated and that he had been a benefactor to mankind. Dr. 
Chase's name is a household word in millions of homes ; we trust 
this book will make it a familiar name in a million more, and, 
although this, his final work, is by him dedicated to the people 
whom he served so long and well, we, as publishers, think it 
befitting to such as he to inscribe it " The Memorial Edition " 
and dedicate it to his children. 




The reason for the publication of this book is, that having 
given over fifty years of my life to the careful observation and 
test of Practical Receipes, as given in my first and second books, 
i. e., "Dr. Chase's Eeceipts, or Information for Everybody;" and 
"Dr. Chase's Family Physician, Bee Keeper, and Second Receipt 
Book," by which it has become very natural for me to make notes 
of and preserve for future reference, items and receipts discovered 
by myself and those seen in the discourses of the Scientific, Med- 
ical, Agricultural, Mechanical and Household Publications of the 
day; and observing that as time advanced, every branch of Science 
and Art, by continued experience, became more and more perfect, 
practical and positive in its development, I continually selected 
and preserved the very choicest items until enough was accumulated 
for a THIRD BOOK. And fully believing that it would be appre- 
ciated by the people who had purchased over twelve hundred 
thousand copies of my former publications, within the thirty 
years they have been before them, I determined to prepare it 
before I could willingly and conscientiously lay down my life 
work. I have, therefore, labored over four years faithfully and 
diligently in experimenting, compiling and arranging this, my 
third and last book, as I knew it would do good in every home it 
entered. I am now willing and shall forever rest from this char- 
acter of labor, that I may partake, a little at least, of the benefits 
and pleasures that I have done my best to prepare for others, 
feeling more than satisfied that if the people will give the time 
and earnestness in using this book that the author has in prepar- 
ing it, the benefits and pleasures will not only be mutual, but 
more lasting than our lives, benefitting even our children's chil- 

As to the reliability of the information given in this volume, 
the unprecedentedly large sales of my two former works will 


testify. It is only necessary to say that the longer one labors in 
a practice or profession, or in the mechanical arts, the more 
mature is his mind and judgment and the better qualified he is to 
carry on his work. This being universally conceded, it need only 
be said, then, that one who has lived nearly seventy years, doing 
all the good possible to his fellow creatures, as I have done, if 
judged by the above evidence, would certainly make his last the 
crowning effort of his life, and that it shall be so found I feel 
assured. This work is the result of nearly thirty years practice 
and experience since the publication of my first book, and is not 
a " revised edition " of the former ones, but is made up wholly of 
new matter and new discoveries. I, therefore, believe that it will 
prove of infinite value to its purchasers, and although they may 
have both the former ones in their possession, they cannot, if 
they value my first and second book, afford to be without this, 
my third and last one. My mature years, numbering nearly 
three score and ten, will not allow me to ever undertake that 
great labor which, in this case, covers a period of nearly five 

A Eeceipt Book, not being calculated for general reading, can 
very properly be set in closer type than an ordinary book, and 
as it is my aim to give the greatest possible amount of informa- 
tion for the money invested, I have instructed the type-setters 
to use the smallest type that can, with ease, be read ; yet the 
following will serve to illustrate the fact that even a receipt 
book is, by some, read to a considerable extent As I was once 
traveling through Illinois, a gentleman, just before we reached 
the crossing of the Mississippi at Burlington, approached me, and 
said, "Isn't this Dr. Chase, the author of Chase's Eeceipt Book?" 
(referring to my first) to which I replied, " Yes, sir," when he 
remarked : " I thought I recognized you from the frontispiece in 
your book ;" and added, " We read it more than the Bible," etc. 
To which I remonstrated and begged to suggest that he instruct 
his family from that time forward to read the Bible most, inas- 
much as eternity was of infinitely more importance than this life. 
His name I have forgotten, but I take the liberty of giving the 


name and address of a lady in Wisconsin, whose letter I received 
while preparing this last work, presuming she will take no offense, 
as I give her name and letter only to prove to the public in what 
esteem my former books are held by those who have them. The 
following is from Mrs. 0, N. Alden, and dated at Neenah, 
Wisconsin : 

Dr. a. W. chase, 

Dear Sir: 

It is not the author or compiler of every book who 
himself so permeates the contents that the reader feels in the author a per- 
sonal acquaintance, but when I am consulting Dr. Chase's Books, it seems 
as though I was personally consulting him, and that he is a friend, he makes 
what is therein so individual. But, by so doing, he exposes himself to, per- 
haps, annoyance, as in this instance, by being personally addressed, * * * * 

The writer closes by relating her own condition of health, 
and making inquiry as to the character of goods made by another 
gentleman. I mention these circumstances among hundreds of 
others only to illustrate to those having neither of my former 
books what those who do have them think of them, hoping thus 
to convince the million that my third and last book shall, at least, 
be equally valuable. I have, however, done my best to produce a 
work in every respect superior to my former ones, and with the 
aid of thirty years' experience since my first book was published, 
during which time many new theories have come into vogue and 
many valuable discoveries have been made, I am confident that 
I have succeeded, and can only hope that my former works have 
opened the door to this, my Crowning Life Work, and that it will 
be a welcome visitor at every home, where either or both the first 
and second books have found their way and prove to be worth 
many times more than the sum paid for it, 


Just two months after completing this work, and writing the foregoing 
preface, the "Old Doctor" passed away and his spirit took its flight to God 
who gave it. 


— I- 

%n "^tmaxinm. 


Dr. Alviit "Wood Chase, physician, and author of the 
celebrated Dr. Chase's Eeceipt Book, was born in Cayuga 
County, New York, in 1817. He was a son of Benjamin 
Chase, a native of the State of Massachusetts. When 
Alvin was eleven years of age his parents located near 
Buffalo, N. Y., where he grew to manhood, receiving a 
very limited education, in a log school-house. His desire 
for knowledge was so strong, coupled with an ambition 
peculiar to his naturally energetic disposition, that he 
far outstripped his more dilatory companions of that 
humble institute of learning. When seventeen years old 
he left New York and found employment on the Maumee 
Eiver, in the meantime devoting his spare moments to 
study. In 18-10 he located at Dresden, Ohio, where in 
the spring of 1841 he married Martha Shutts, daughter 
of Henry and Martha Shutts, natives of New York. To 
this noble and gifted wife, and mother of his children, may 
be justly attributed much of the success that followed 
the doctor during his long and eventful career. From 
the days of his boyhood he entertained a wish to study 
medicine, and awaited with impatience the time when he 
might become a member of the fraternity. After many 

^- ^ 

wanderings he settled in Ann Arbor, Mich., in 1856, 
where, to his intense delight, he was enabled vigorously 
to prosecute his studies in what was to be his future 

He attended lectures in the medical department of 
the State University during 1857 and 1858, and graduated 
from the Eclectic Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio, in the 
meantime. Prior to 1869 he traveled over a large part 
of the United States, acquiring valuable knowledge, only 
gained by practical experience, which proved a good 
foundation for the wonderful book which afterward 
gained such great celebrity. The first edition of the work, 
like all subsequent ones, proved a great success, and 
soon placed the author on the high road to fortune. 
In 1864 he built the first part of that magnificent struct- 
ure that still bears his name. It stands on the corner of 
Main Street and Miller Avenue, and is an ornament 
to our city. The building was completed in 1868. 
The business had so increased that at this time fifty 
persons found constant and remunerative employment 
within the walls of the building; and the hospitality 
and liberality of the Doctor to the employes of the 
institution, as well as to the needy ones of the city, 
were always subjects of admiring comment. 

In 1873 he published his second book, of which many 
thousand copies were sold, and it is safe to say that fully 
one million and a half have found their way into the 
homes of this and foreign countries. 

A few years only have elapsed since Dr. Chase was 

considered one of the most prosperous and well-to-do 


citizens of Ann Arbor; losses by thousands and tens of 
thousands dollars greatly reduced his accumulations so 
honestly acquired. It is seldom the case that so much 
wealth is secured in so short a time by honest endeavor. 
He entered into no speculating schemes, but industriously 
pursued a very useful c-alling, bringing large profits 
without detriment to any, but, on the contrary, of great 
value to all. But, notwithstanding his losses, he did not 
lose his native energy and manliness of purpose, and 
stood before the community a conspicuous example of 
what energy, perseverance, and an indomitable will may 
accomplish. His liberality was remarkable, considering his 
income, though large. Many men, whose means were 
quadruple those of the Doctor, did not give one quarter as 
much for the advancement of education and benevolent 

He was once nominated for mayor of the city, but 
his business compelled him to decline the proffered 
honor. But the storms of life finally overtook him and 
swept with almost resistless fury around the now aged 
physician, and a few of the prejudices that charac- 
terize the human family found a resting place in 
the heart of this noble man; yet, when the last chapter 
shall have been entered in the book of life, the account 
will probably be balanced. The last earthly rites have 
been performed, and the aged veteran laid peacefully 
away beneath the shadow of the silent tomb. It may 
truthfully be said that he lived with malice toward none 
and charity to all. A beautiful monument marks the 
place where his earthly remains are laid away, but his real 

and ever-enduring monument is seen in his life, devotion 
and usefulness to his fellow man. 

L. Davis, 

Secretary of the Washtenaw County 
Pioneer Society. 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 


Dedication, ...... 



Publishers' Peep ACE, .... 


Authob's Preface, . . . - - 


" In Memoriam," . . . - - 


Symptoms op Diseases, - . • . • 


Medical Eeceipts, ..... 




Food for the Sick, . . - • • 


Culinary or Cooking Department, . • • 


Miscellaneous Department, . . - 


Household Memoranda, . . . - 


Toilet Department, . . - - 


Dairy Department. - - • • 


Domestic Animals, - . . • • 


Agricultural Department, - 


Mechanical Department, . - . • 


Bee-Keeping, ..--•• 


Dictionary op Medical Terms, 



Publishers' Notice, - - - - 



Index to Medical Department, . . - 



General Index, ------ 







Remarks. — In preparing "Symptoms" I have carefully given all diseases 
that any person is liable not to be familiar with. There are some few common 
complaints, that " tackle " us without giving symptoms or warning, that I have 
omitted A man would not need to be told that he had the toothache or earache, 
or what the symptoms are. He would be liable to find it out very suddenly 
without consulting any book or doctor. Some such simple diseases I have 
omitted in "Symptoms." 

ABORTION OR MISCARRIAGE.— When a woman in the family 
way throws oflf the contents of her womb, or loses her child, during the first 
six months, the accident is a miscarriage, or abortion; when the same thing 
happens during the last three months of her term, it is a premature labor. 

Symptoms. — If abortion occur during the first month after conception, the 
symptoms may not attract much attention, or may be regarded only as an 
irregularity of menstruation. Occurring at later periods, it is frequently indi- 
cated by some feverishness, coldness of the feet and legs, a pufled-up condition 
of the eye-lids with purplish discoloratione, shooting pains in the breasts, 
which become soft, pains in the back,, bearing-down pains in the lower part of 
the bowels, which come and go, and at length take the character of real labor 
pains. As these pains increase, blood begins to appear, and, sooner or later, 
the bag of water breaks, and the fetus is thrown off. 

Causes. — These are very numerous. Some of the principal are, displace- 
ment of the womb; ulceration of its neck; syphilitic disease of the fetus 
received from the parent; too much exercise; heavy lifting; falls, particularly 
when the woman comes down upon the feet, and is heavily jarred; emetics; 
powerful purges; and too much nuptial indulgence. Remedy, pages 
258, 259, 260,261. 

AGUE. — The popular English name for Intermittent Fever. Agtie is 
principally applied to the cold stage. The whole disease is commonly called 
Fever and Ague. 

Symptoms. — This fever consists of various fits or paroxysms, each of which 
is made up of three stages or successions of symptoms. These stages are the 
cold, the hot, and the sweating stages. When the sweating stage is finished, 
the patient is free of complaint, or the disease intermits till a future period, 
when the same stages as before succeed each other. The time duiing which 
the patient is free of the disease varies in different kinds of intermittent fever, 
and gives its name and character to the disease. If the stages run through 
their course every day, it is called a quotidian ague; if they begin again every 
J 1 


third day, including that on which the former paroxysm occurred, it is called 
a tertian; if every fourth day, a quartan. Several minuter varieties occur, 
■with which it is unnecessary to trouble the general reader. Remedy, pages 
86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 123. 

APOPLEXY. — A disease in which the patient suddenly falls down, 
deprived of sense and motion; and which, in all languages, derives its name 
from the sudden manner of its attack, as if the patient were struck down by 
some invisible hand, by lightning, or some other agent equally sudden and 

Symptoms. — A person seized with apoplexy in its most perfect form, sud- 
denly falls down, deprived of ^nse and motion, breathes heavily, and with a 
snoring sound; sometimes convulsions occur, and foam issues from the mouth. 
The pulse is full and strong, a cold clammy sweat breaks out over all the 
body; and the accumulating saliva, the bloated countenance, and the noisy 
laborious breathing, combine to form a distressing spectacle. The disease is 
not always so complete and violent, but varies in its symptoms, as is well 
described by Dr. Abercrombie: — "Sometimes the disease begins with a sudden 
attack of violent pain in the head, the patient becomes pale, sick and faint, 
generally vomits; and frequently, though not always, falls down in a state 
resembling fainting, the face very pale, the pulse very small. This is some- 
times accompanied by slight convulsion. In other cases he does not fall down, 
the sudden attack of pain being only accompanied by slight and transient loss of 
recollection. In both cases he recovers in a few minutes, is quite sensible, and 
able to walk ; continues to complain of intense headache; after a considerable 
time, perhaps some hours, becomes oppressed, forgetful, and incoherent, and 
thus gradually sinks into deep sleep, from which he never recovers. In some 
cases, palsy of one side occurs, but in others, there is no palsy. There is 
another form of the disease, in which the patient is suddenly deprived of the 
power of one side of the body, and of speech without stupor; or if the first 
attack is accompanied with stupor, this soon goes off; he appears sensible of 
his situation, and endeavors to express his feelings by signs. In some cases the 
attack passes gradually into apoplexy, perhaps after a few hours; in others, 
under the proper treatment, the patient recovers perfectly in a few days. In 
many cases the recovery is gradual, and it is only at the end of several weeks 
or months that the complaint is removed." 

It is a matter of very great difficulty to determine what is the particular 
state of the brain which gives rise to the symptoms of apoplexy. Sometimes, 
after a fatal case, when the head is opened, we find a large quantity of coagu- 
lated blood, and we consider the pressure of this effused blood as completely 
explaining what has happened. But in other cases which have ended fatally, 
there is only a small quantity of fluid in some part of the brain; and in others, 
even after very marked symptoms, no injury whatever, or deviation from the 
healthy appearance, can be perceived in the brain. 

There are certain habits of body that seem more peculiarly disposed to 
this disease. Men with short thick necks, large heads, and corpulent bellies, 
especially after their thirty-fifth or fortieth year, are very frequently the sub- 


jects of this disease; but very many examples occur of a make directly the 
reverse of this, viz., tall and slender, being also attacked with apoplexy. 
Remedy, page 131. 

ASTHMA. — Symptoms. — A painful difficulty of breathing, recurring at 
intervals, with a sense of tightness across the breast; a wheezing cough, hard 
at first, but towards the end of each paroxysm more free, and followed by the 
discharge of a little mucus. The attacks of asthma are generally in the night- 
time, though they sometimes come on in the course of the day; and at what- 
ever time they come on, it is for the most part suddenly, with a sense of 
tightness across the breast, impeding respiration. The person, if in bed, i? 
obliged immediately to get up, and he requires the free admission of air. Tho 
difficulty of breathing increases, and is performed slowly, and with a wheezing 
noise. These symptoms sometimes continue for hours together; and a remis- 
sion takes place by degrees; the breathing becomes less laborious, and the 
patient speaks and coughs more easily; and if there is something expectorated, 
the remission is greater, and sleep comes on. In the morning, and through the 
day, though the breathing is better than during the fit, it is not yet free from 
difficulty; a degree of tightness is still felt, and a very slight motion of the 
body is apt to bring back the paroxysm. In the evening the breathing is 
worse, and about the same hour as on the former night, generally between 
midnight and two o'clock, the same train of symptoms is renewed. After the 
fits have recurred for several nights in this manner, they suffer more consider- 
able remissions; and, for some time, asthmatics may be free from complaint; 
but through the whole of life the paroxysms are ready to return, though in 
different circumstances in different patients. 

Asthma seldom appears before the age of puberty, and seems to attack 
men more frequently than women; and in persons of a full habit whom it 
continues to attack, it commonly causes a great degree of emaciation. Though 
it does not often destroy life in the paroxysms, it may become fatal by passing 
into other diseases, as into consumption of the lungs, or by occasioning 
dropsy; and many cases, which have appeared a common spasmodic asthma, 
have been found at last to depend on organic diseases of the heart and great 

Causes. — Some have the fits of si>asmodic asthma brought on by heat, 
whether of the weather or of warm apartments; and frequently by warm 
bathing. Some are hurt by cold and moist air, or by anything worn tight 
about the breast, or by distension of the stomach from a full meal, or windy 
diet; or from exercise hurrying the circulation of the blood. Sometimes the 
disease is brought on by causes affecting the nervous system, as passions of the 
mind; or by particular smells, or irritations of the lungs from smoke or dust. 
Remedy, pages 200, 201. 

ATROPHY. — Symptoms. — A disease, of which a very prominent symp- 
tom is wasting of the body, from deficiency of nourishment. It is well known 
to the nurses in Scotland by the term Dwining. It is very common in children, 
and proceeds in them from various causes; from teething, from acidity of the 


stomach, and disorder of the bowels; from rickets, from diseases of the glands 
of the mesentery; and this last cause is by far the most common. The patient 
is at first languid and inactive; has a bad appetite, a disagreeable breath, a pale 
complexion, a large belly; the bowels are not regular, sometimes costive, at 
other times loose; the stools smell badly, and are of a whiter color than natural. 
When the disease has continued for some time, the body becomes greatly 
emaciated, the belly still more swelled, and the digestive functions more dis- 
ordered. Remedy, page 190. 

BARKERS' TSCB..— Symptoms.— This is contagious and due to a fungus 
growth that invades the hair and hair follicles. It appears chiefly on the hairy 
parts of the face — the chin, the upper lip, the region of the whiskers, the eye- 
brows, and the nape of the neck. It consists in little conical elevations, which 
maturate at the top, and have the shaft of a hair passing through them. These 
pimples are of a pale yellowish color. Remedy, page 102. 

BLADDER — INFLAMMATION.— -%TOj9toms.— The bladder is also 
liable to inflammation without rupture. The symptoms of this formidable 
complaint are a burning pain at the lower part of the belly, increased by 
pressure; constant desire to pass water, which is done in very small quantities, 
and with intense pain; and more or less general fever. Remedy, page 253. 

BLOODY FLUX.— DYSENTERY.— /S^m^j^wis.— The disease comes 
on with loss of appetite, costiveness, lassitude, shivering, heat of skin, and 
quick pulse. These are followed by griping pain in the bowels, and a constant 
desire to pass their contents. In general the passages are small, composed of 
mucus mixed with blood. These passages are attended and followed by severe 
gripings and inclination to strain, learnedly called tormina, and tenesmus. They 
are sometimes, in the early stages, attended by nausea and vomiting. The 
natural feces, which do not pass off much, are small in quantity, and formed 
into round, compact balls, or irregular, hardened lumps. This tenesmus, or 
great desire to strain, will continue, perhaps increase, for several days, — the 
discharges being mostly blood in some cases, and chiefly mucus in others. 
Having, generally, but little odor, at first, these discharges become, as the dis- 
ease advances, exceedingly offensive. 

Causes. — Dj'sentery is very frequently caused by sudden changes from hot 
to cold, by which sweating is suddenly checked, and the blood repelled from 
the surface. Hot climates, and dry, hot weather, are predisposing causes. 
All green, unripe, and unwholesome food; and all indigestible food of every 
sort, may induce it. Remedy, pages 60, 139, 195, 234. 

BOIL. — Symptoms. — A circumscribed inflammation in the external parts, 
which terminates in a pointed swelling, sometimes as large as a pigeon's Ggg, 
attended with redness and pain, and sometimes with a violent burning heat. 
These inflammations generally suppurate, but they do so very slowly. They 
break at first on the upper part, and some drops of matter ooze out. 
Wliat is commonly called the core is next seen; it is a purulent substance, but 
thick and tenacious, almost like a solid body, and may be drawn out of the 


abscess. Its discharge is followed by a flow of thinner matter, after which the 
pain ceases, and the part heals. Remedy, pages 58, 59, 60, 97, 137. 

BOWELS, rNTLAMMATION" OF.— Symptoms.— ^h\s disease is 
characterized by the symptoms of general fever, heat of skin, thirst, restless- 
ness, quick and hard small pulse; and by sharp pain in the belly, increased on 
pressure, and accompanied by vomiting and costiveness. 

Causes. — Inflammation of the bowels is occasioned by acrid and irritating 
substances swallowed by the mouth, by hardened foeces, by vitiated bile, by 
long continued costiveness, and by constriction of some part of the canal in 
cases of rupture; a very frequent cause of it is cold, especially when applied 
with damp to the feet. 

Diagnosis. — Inflammation of the bowels is distinguished from colic by the 
absence of fever in this last, and by the pain in colic not being increased on 
pressure; and in every case of severe pain of the bowels, with vomiting and 
costiveness, the practitioner should make very strict inquiries, lest a rupture 
should be the cause of them. Remedy, pages 137, 252. 

eral inflammatioH of the brain and its membranes has two stages. 

Symptoms. — TJie Stage of Excitement, in which there is intense and deep- 
seated pain in the head, extending over a large part of it, a feeling of tightness 
across the forehead, throbbing of the temporal arteries, a flushed face, injected 
eyes, looking wild and brilliant, contraction of the pupils, great shrinking 
from light and sound, violent delirium, want of sleep, general convulsions, a 
parched and dry skin, a quick and hard pulse, a white tongue, thirst, nausea 
and vomiting, and constipation of the bowels. 

The Stage of CoUapse, in which there are indistinct mutterings, dull and 
perverted hearing and vision, double vision, the pupil from being contracted 
expands largely and becomes motionless, twitchings of the muscles, tremors 
and palsy of some of the limbs, a ghastly and cadaverous countenance, cold 
sweats, profound coma, and death 

The disease will not show all these symptoms in any one case. It runs a 
rapid course, causing death, sometimes, in twelve or twenty-four hours; or it 
may run two or three weeks. Remedy, pages 246, 247. 

BRONCHITIS.— 5//TOpfem5.— This disease is an inflammation of the 
membrane lining the air passages, or bronchi, is a very common, and a very 
■ serious disease. It is of two kinds, the acute and the chronic or " winter 
cough." The acute form, or severe cough, begins with the symptoms of com- 
mon cold, or catarrh (see Catarrh); but difficulty of breathing, attended with a 
wheezing sound, and pain and cough, soon come on with great severity. There 
is also a degree of fever, generally much increased in the evening. With the 
cough, there is a tenacious and glary expectoration, sometimes purulent, and 
even mixed with blood. Remedy, pages 123, 254, 255, 256. 

BRONCHOCELE.— -Symptoms.— The goitre, or swelled neck, which so 
frequently occurs among the inhabitants of mountainous regions. It is a com- 


mon disorder in Derbyshire, and among the inhabitants of the Ali)S, and othe*" 
hilly countries in their neighborhood; also in the valleys of Savoy, and sf 
Milan, and among the Pyrennes, and Cevennes, in France. The swelling \r 
bronchocele is at first without pain or any evident fluctuation, and the skii 
retains its natural appearance; but as the swelling advances, it grows hard an»^ 
irregular; the skin becomes yellowish, and the veins of the neck put on a dis- 
tended and winding appearance; then the patient complains of frequent flush' 
ing of the face with headache, and pains darting through the tumor. Remed"?, 
pages 44, 45. 

CANCER. — Symptoms. — By occult cancer or scirrhus, is meant a hard 
tumor, for the most part accompanied by sharp darting pains, which recur 
more or less frequently. This tumor, in course of time, breaks and ulcerates; 
and then is more strictly denominated cancer. The parts of the body subject 
to cancer are the following: The female breast and uterus (see Womb and its 
Diseases), the lips, especially the lower one, the tongue, the skin, the tonsils, 
the lower opening of the stomach, and some other parts chiefly glandular 
Chimney-sweepers are subject to a cancerous affection of the scrotum. Rem- 
edy, pages 33, 34, 35, 99, 271. 

CARBUNCLE. — Symptoms. — An abscess or collection of matter, of a 
peculiarly gangrenous-looking nature. The first symptoms are great heat and 
violent pain in some part of the body, on which there arises a pimple with 
great itching; under this, there is a circumscribed tumor, seeming to penetrate 
deep into the parts below. This tumor soon puts on a dark red or purple color. 
A little blister frequently appears on the top of the tumor, which being broken. 
a dark-looking matter is discharged, and a slough makes its appearance. Some- 
times a little slough of a black color is seen in the middle of the tumor. The 
progress of a carbuncle of the gangrenous state is generally rapid. The size 
of carbuncles is various; sometimes they are eight or ten inches in diameter. 
Considerable hardness and pain generally attend the disease. As it advances, 
several detached openings form in the tumor; and through these, a greenish, 
fetid, and irritating matter is discharged. Carbuncle most commonly occurs 
in constitutions that have been injured by luxurious living; and from this cir- 
cumstance, and from its occurring not unfrequently in people advanced in life, 
carbuncle is commonly to be considered as accompanied with great danger; 
and this danger is to be estimated by the size and situations of the swellings, 
whether there be few or many of them, and by considering the age of the 
the patient, and the state of his constitution. Remedy, pages 58, 59. 

CATARRH. — -Symjo^oTOs. — The disease commonly called a Cold, of 
which the following are the ordinary symptoms: — The patient is seized with a 
coldness and shivering; and shortly after, there is a degree of difliculty in 
breathing through the nose, and a sensation as if something were stopping that 
passage; a symptom well known under the term of a stufiing of the nose or 
head. There is a dull pain and heaviness in the forehead, and the motion of 
the eyes is stiff and obstructed. There soon takes place from the nose, a plen- 
tiful discharge of thin watery matter, so sharp as to inflame and excoriate the 



Bkin of the nose and lips. There is a sense of weariness over the whole body; 
and the patient is unusually sensible to the coldness of the air; and the pulse, 
especially toward evening, is more frequent than ordinary. These symptoms 
are very soon accompanied with hoarseness, and a sense of roughness and sore- 
ness in the course of the wind-pipe, with a difficulty of breathing, and tightness 
across the chest, and a cough, seemingly occasioned by something tickling or 
irritating the upper part of the wind-pipe. The cough is at first dry, and 
causes a good deal of pain in the chest, and about the head ; and at times there 
are other pains resembling rheumatism, in various parts of the body. Gradu- 
ally the cough becomes looser ; that is to say, is accompanied by the discharge 
of mucus, which is brought up with more-ease. The discharge from the nose 
becomes more mild, and also thicker; the pain of the head diminishes, but 
there is still a disagreeable sense of fullness about the nose, with a degree ol 
deafness, ringing in the ears, and a wheezing sound when a full breath is drawn. 
There is also a bad taste in the mouth, with a foul tongue, although the appetite 
is good. Eemedy, pages 57, 155, 164, 183. 

CHICKEN-POX. — Symptoms.— A diseaseof the>eruptive kind, in various 
particulars resembling small-pox, and apt to be confounded with it. Chicken' 
pox arises from a peculiar contagion, and attacks persons only once in theii 
lives. It is preceded by chilliness, by sickness or vomiting, headache, thirst 
restlessness and a quickened pulse. After these feverish symptoms, which an/ 
generally slight, have lasted one or two days, pimples appear on different partd 
of the skin, in the form of small red eminences, not exactly circular; having a 
surface shining, and nearly flat, in the middle of which a small clear vesicle 
soon forms. On the second day, this is filled with a whitish lymph; on tne 
third day, the fluid is straw-colored ; and on the fourth day, the vesicles wh>iCh 
have not broken begin to subside. Few of them remain entire on the fifth day; 
and on the sixth, small brown scabs appear in the place of the vesicles. Oa 
the ninth and tenth days, they fall off, without leaving any pits. RemejDT, 
page 224. 

CHILBLAINS- — Symptoms. — A painful inflammatory swelling on thfe 
extreme parts of the body, as the fingers, toes, and heels, occasioned by c old. 
A very common way of getting chilblains, is by bringing the hands and feet 
near the fire in cold frosty weather. The color of chilblains is a deep purple 
or leaden hue, the pain is pungent and shooting, and a very disagreeable itching 
attends. In some instances, the skin remains entire; in others it breaks, and a 
thin fluid is discharged. When the cold has been great or long continued, the 
parts affected are apt to mortify and slough off, leaving a foul ulcer behind. 
Remedy, pages 142, 143. 


CHLOROFORM. — The formidable symptoms which sometimes arise 
from an overdose of chlorofoi-m are best met by opening the patient's mouth, 
and forcibly making the tongue protrude, allowing the free access of air, and 
applying ammonia to the nostrils. Chloroform should be administered only by 
a medical man. Remedy, page 95. 


CHOLERA.— This disease is often attended by vomiting and purging, 
with cramps in various parts of the body. It first attracted notice as a 
wide-spreading and fatal epidemic, in the year 1817, when it appeared at 
at Jessore, in Bengal; and after ravaging the Continent and Isles of Asia, 
and spreading to China, it continued its destructive course westward through 
Germany and the Russian Empire, till it at length reached the British 
Islands in 1831. After committing frightful ravages, the disease disappeared 
from England in the end of 1833; but it reappeared in 1849, and carried 
off 15,000 people in London alone, and about 80,000 in the whole kingdom. 
In 1853 and 1854 the disease again caused a terrible mortality, upwards of 6,000 
deaths having occurred in London alone during the first ten weeks of the epi- 
demic which occurred in the latter year. 

SymptoTUs. — The attack of the disease is sometimes quite sudden; at other 
times, there are precursory symptoms, of which the duration varies from a few 
hours to three or four days. There is a sense of general uneasiness and oppres- 
sion, increased sensibility, not unlike a delusive feeling of high health and 
animation; pains about the navel; sometimes tremors and debility. The person 
is affected with derangement of the alimentary canal, more or less severe, indi- 
cated by sickness and vomiting, flatulent noises in the bowels, and frequent 
loose, but natural stools; these symptoms being accompanied or succeeded by 
thirst, headache, languors, and cramps or twitches in the limbs, breast, and 
other parts of the body. Such derangements often occur after some irregu- 
larity to which the patient has not been accustomed, as a luxurious meal, an 
indulgence in wine, spirits, beer, or porter, the eating of pastry, or other indi- 
gestible food; or after being exposed to the night-air, or to cold and damp. In 
ordinary seasons, these ailments might be left to nature, or carried off by a 
gentle laxative. But in seasons and districts where cholera prevails or is ex- 
pected, no person, through fear of being thought whimsical, should neglect 
even very slight uneasiness; if the alarm be a false one, little harm is done; 
but if there be real danger to follow, it is of unspeakable consequence to have 
a medical man on the watch, to apply the remedies before the strength fails, 
and before the second stage, or that of collapse, comes on. Remedy, pages 
60, 127, 128, 139, 141, 236. 

CHOLERA INFANTUM.— See Symptoms, page 226. Remedy, 
page 226. 

CHOLERA MORBUS.— See Symptoms, page 225. Remedy, page 

COLIC. — Symptoms: — A painful sensation spreading over the belly, and 
accompanied by a feeling of twisting or wringing at the navel. It is owing to 
spasms acting on the intestines themselves; and very frequently the skin and 
muscles of the belly are also drawn inwards and spasmodically contracted. 
These pains are very violent, unlike the transient gripings that occur in other 
affections of the bowels; and costiveness is a general attendant Vomiting is 
also present; any thing taken in the mouth is apt to be rejected, and bile is 
thrown up 


Causes. — Tlie causes of colic are various. It may arise from cold, from 
flatulence, from mechanical obstruction, from acrid matters taken into the 
stomach, from accumulation of faeces after long costiveness; it may also arise 
from passions of the mind. It is distinguished from Inflammation of the 
bowels by the pain at times disappearing, by the absence of fever, and by pres- 
sure relieving the pain. Sometimes, however, long continued spasms induce 
inflammation. Remedy, pages 41, 46, 127, 129, 197, 230, 277. 

CONSTIPATION OR COSTIVENESS.— The usual frequency of 
evacuating the bowels for persons in good health is once in twenty-four hours. 
The constitutions of different people vary in this respect; some having two or 
three motions in a day without any inconvenience or ill health; others not hav- 
ing above one or two in a week. When a person has habitually fewer motions 
than the generality of healthy people, he is said to be of a costive habit or con- 
stipated; and when he has at any time fewer than his ordinary rate, and when 
the faeces are hard, dry, and voided with difficulty, he is said to be costive or 

Causes. — Independently of medicine, it is not very easy to specify any diet 
or mode of living that universally predisposes to costiveness. Many articles 
have been blamed, and yet have been used by thousands without producing 
that effect. Rice in various modes of cookery; the finer kinds of bread; roast 
meat, eaten without a due proportion of vegetables; cheese; port and other dry 
wines; and indolent and sedentary life; and a sea voyage, are all known to 
occasion costiveness in certain individuals. In some infants this state is consti- 
tutional; and for some time, at least, appears to do them little harm. It is very 
apt to occur in children, as their volatility and playfulness cause them often to 
disregard the calls of nature, till a great and dangerous mass of feculent matter 
is accumulated in their bowels. The indolent and sedentary lives of females 
predisposes them much to costiveness. The structure of their pelvis also 
allows a larger mass to accumulate without inconvenience, from which circum- 
stance the faeces are deprived of almost all their fluid parts, and the remainder 
becomes dry, hard, and difficult to be voided. Persons of the melancholic 
temperament; also those who are advanced in life, and those who take little 
exercise, are liable to become costive. Remedy, pages 46, 47, 135, 136, 

CONSUMPTION.— This disease is probably the greatest existing 
scourge of the human race, at least in the northern and middle latitudes. It 
is not deviating far from the truth to say that it causes about one-sixth or one- 
seventh of all the deaths north of the tropics. The duration of the disease is 
exceedingly variable. While some cases run their course to a fatal termination 
in less than a month, others have been known to continue thirty or forty years. 
The greater number of cases, as a rule, terminate in from one to two years. It 
is pre-eminently a hereditary disease. 

Symptoms. — The earliest symptom of consumption that usually manifests 
itself is a short, dry cough, exciting no particular attention, being attributed 
to a slight cold. It, however, continues, and after a time increases in frequency. 
The breathing is more easily hurried by bodily motion, aad the pulse becomes 


more frequent, particularly after meals and towards evening. Towards even- 
ing there is also frequently experienced a slight degree of chilliness, followed 
by heat and nocturnal perspirations. The patient becomes languid and indolent, 
and gradually loses strength. After a time the cough becomes more frequent, 
and is particularly troublesome during the night, accompanied by an expector- 
ation of a clear, frothy substance, which afterwards becomes more copious, 
viscid, and opaque, and is most considerable in the morning; the sputa are 
often tinged with blood ; or haemoptysis occurs in a more marked form, and to 
a greater extent As the disease advances, the breathing and pulse become 
more hurried; the fever is greater, and the perspirations more regular and pro- 
fuse. The emaciation and weakness go on increasing; a pain is felt m some 
part of the thorax, which is increased by coughing, and sometimes becomes so 
acute as to prevent the patient from lying on the affected side. All the symp- 
toms increase towards evening; the face is flushed; the palms of the hands and 
the soles of the feet are affected with a burning heat; the feet and ankles begin 
to swell, and in the last stage of consumption there is nearly always profuse 
diarrhoea. The emaciation is extreme ; the countenance assumes a cadaverous 
appearance, the cheeks are prominent, the eyes hollow and languid. Usually 
the appetite remains entire to the end, and the patient flatters himself with the 
hope of a speedy recovery, often vainly forming distant projects of interest or 
amusement, when death puts a period to his existence. Tubercular deposits 
are also usually found in other organs of the body; the liver is enlarged and 
changes in appearance, and ulcerations occur in the intestines, the larynx, and 
trachea. These are so frequent and uniform as to lead to the belief that they 
form part of the disease. 

Causes. — The causes of this disease are divided into remote and exciting. 
Of the former, the most important is hereditary predisposition It is not, how- 
ever, an actual cause of the disease; and hence there are many cases m which 
the children of consumptive parents do not fall a prey to this disease; but it 
renders those who are in that condition much more liable to be affected by the 
exciting causes. Whatever weakens the strength of the system, or interferes 
with the oxygenation of the blood, tends to the production of this disease. 
Hence living in bad air, insufficient and unwholesome food, and sedentary pur- 
suits, tend to it. Among tlie more exciting causes are exposure to cold or 
damp, especially after the body has been heated, intemperance of any kind, 
profuse evacuations, and exposure to the reception of dust into the lungs, as in 
the case of certain artificers, needle-pointers, stonecutters, and the like. Rem- 
edy, pages 101, 109, 110, 112, 113, 117, 118, 125, 184. 

CONVULSION PITS OP CHILDIIEN„— When we speak of con- 
vulsions, or convulsion fits, we most commonly mean epilepsy and principally 
that species of it which occurs in very young children. 

Symptoms.— In some cases convulsions come on suddenly, at other times 
the attack is gradual, and the first symptoms elude the observation of the 
attendants. In the sudden attack, the child, previously quite well, becomes 
livid in a moment; his eyes and features are contorted, and the limbs and 


whole body are violently agitated. These symptoms end by the patient falling 
into a state of insensibility, which in some cases proves fatal, and in others 
goes gradually off. In those cases where the attack is milder and more gradual, 
the child shows some degree of uneasiness; he suddenly changes color, his lips 
quiver, his eyes are turned upwards, and he stretches himself out, or his hands 
become clenched. Sometimes there is a rapid succession of fits; sometimes 
the intervals between them are long. Convulsions vary also in their degree of 
violence. Before the fatal termination of many of the diseases of infancy, 
convulsions occur, and appear to be the cause of death. Hence, their taking 
place after long or serious illness, may be considered as an indication of 
approaching death. But a single fit may destroy an infant. When the return 
of the convulsions is not suspended within forty-eight hours after active treat- 
ment has been adopted, there is reason to dread either a sudden fatal termina- 
tion, or a long protraction of the disease. In this latter case, if the infant does 
not become emaciated, there is a probability of his eventual recovery, even 
although he had been blind and insensible for days or weeks. In some rare 
cases, though the health be restored, imbecility of mind remains. If emacia- 
tion attend the protraction of fits, the living powers at last give way. 

Causes. — Convulsions arise from any thing capable of strongly irritating 
the nervous system; hence infants and young children, whose nervous system is 
so very delicate, and who are exposed to so many causes of irritation, are by far 
the most frequently affected with convulsions. These may arise from worms 
in the Intestines, from certain kinds of food disagreeing with the child, from 
acidity, from wind; and, with remarkable frequency, from teething. Another 
cause of convulsions in children is the too sudden disappearance or going in of 
a rash or eruptive disorder. Children very frequently are seized with convul- 
sions just before the appearance of small-pox; and in some cases, though very 
rarely, they occur before the appearance of measles. The general irritation 
arising from want of cleanliness, living in foul air, etc., may give rise to con- 
vulsions. Sometimes they are only the symptoms of a more deep and violent 
disease, as of water in the head, or growth of bone within the skull. In this 
case GUI attention is to be directed to the original disease; the symptoms and 
treatment of water in the head will be detailed in their proper place Rem- 
edy, page 232. 

CKOUP. — Symptomg: — In what is known as false croup the child coughs 
for two or three days, running at the nose, slight cold at first; or these symp- 
toms may be absent. Between 10 and 12 o'clock at night may occur a sudden, 
loud, barking cough, whistling breathing, breathing hard, face flushed, great 
restlessness, skin hot and dry, pulse fast, lasts from 1 to 3 hours; patient 
generally gets well, — subject to return ot disease. 

In true croup the symptoms are: cold in head; hoarse, dry cough; voice 
hoarse, spittle frothy, membrane comes off when child vomits, breathing rapid, 
and the chest is quiet, the breathing being done by the bowel muscles; nostrils 
dilated, spasms of throat, and child throws itself from side to side; eyes wild; 
face anxious, fingers and jlips blue, between spasms of throat, child is quiet; 


pulse, 110 to 190. If symptoms lull, do not think child is better, for usually 
they will recommence. Disease lasts from 2 to 14 days, and 19 out of 20 die. 
Remedy, pages 105, 106, 107, 210. 

DELIRIUM TREMENS.— -%mpi!<wM.— This is a disease consisting 
essentially of excessive irritability and exhaustion of the nervine functions. 
Physicians 'term it Delirium Tremens, from the abberation of mind and the 
universal shaking of the body which characterise it. It is generally caused by 
excessive and long continued abuse of ardent spirits; or by their sudden with- 
drawal; but it may arise from any cause which exhausts the brain, or excites 
the nervous system for a length of time. 

Symptoms. —The attack of this complaint is more or less sudden in differ- 
ent instances. For a few days at its commencement, the patient is merely 
incapable of his ordinary duties and exertion; a constant restlessness, debility, 
and inappetency, and occasional vomiting take place, with dullness and dejec- 
tion of spirits, and headache. Vague suspicions are entertained of approaching 
danger, and he is haunted by visions and figures. Delirium generally accom- 
panies these hallucinations, and the patient is always looking about, apprehen 
sive of being seized, and distrusting every one who approaches. He is sensible 
for a moment when reasoned with, but soon reverts to his delusions. The 
pulse is quick, but soft, the skin cool or perspiring, and the pupil dilated. 
Remedy, page 190. 

DIABETES. — Symptoms. — The name of a disease in which the urine is 
exceedingly increased in quantity. The normal amount of urine passed every 
twenty-four hours is about fifty fluid ounces, while in diabetes the patient will 
often pass from three to five gallons of pale colored urine within that time, and 
contains a great portion of sugar. There is great thirst and a voracious 
appetite, with wasting of the body; and the quantity of the urine far exceeds the 
food and drink taken in. Young persons are rarely attacked with this disorder. 
The most frequent subjects of it are those in middle age or in the decline of life, 
or who have made a free use of wine in their earlier years. It happens to persons 
of both sexes, and it is not easy to point out any particular constitution that is 
subject to it, or to say that any other disease is a forerunner of it. Dissection 
throws little light on the nature of this complaint; but it is now believed to be 
owing to a distinct lesion of the nervous system. Diabetes comes on insidiously 
without any previous disorder; it may continue for a long time without much 
emaciation, and it is commonly the great thirst and voracious appetite that first 
call attention to the disorder that is goin^ on in the system. Severe headache 
is also a symptom of some importance. The emaciation is probably connected 
with increased metamorphosis, as indicated by the increased secretion of urea 
and phosphates. Sometimes, in the progress of the disease, the stomach is 
considerably deranged, the skin becomes dry, parched and scaly, and there is 
a sense of weight and pain in the urinary passages. When the disease has 
continued long, there is extreme emaciation, debility, and the usual symptom* 
of hectic fever. Remedy, pages 176, 177, 184, 178-180. 



ease consisting of more frequent and liquid evacuations by stool than usual, 
with griping and occasional vomiting. It is distinguished from dysentery by 
the absence of painful and ineffectual straining, and by the stools not consist- 
ing of blood and mucus. 

Causes.— The causes of diarrhoea are many and various. 1. Cold applied 
to the whole body is not an unfrequent cause, and cold applied to the feet 
alone, in very many cases, produces diarrhoea. 2. Diseases of other parts of 
the body give rise to diarrhoea, as happens to infants while teething, and to 
persons who have a paroxysm of gout. 3. Certain emotions of the mind, par- 
ticularly fear, are known to cause diarrhoea. 4. Certain articles of food taken 
into the stomach produce looseness. 5. Certain secretions of the body itself 
poured into the intestines, cause a laxity of them. In this way, heat is prob- 
ably a cause of diarrhoea by first stimulating the liver; the increased secretion 
from which excites that from the small intestines, and looseness is the result. 

Looseness sTwuld not be rasMy checked. From the great variety of causes 
inducing diarrhoea, it must be obvious that it would be impossible to lay down 
any plan of cure that would apply to all cases, and it is often a matter of doubt 
whether it should be meddled with at all; thus, when from a surfeit, either in 
quantity, or from taking improper articles of food, a diarrhoea is produced, a 
wise physician will consider it as a salutary effort of nature to get rid of what 
would be noxious if retained; and he will allow it to go on for a time, taking 
care to watch that it does not come to excess. Remedy, pages 60, 127, 
128, 138, 139, 277. 

DIPHTHERIA.— The disease begins in the foi-m of a whitish spot on 
one or both tonsils, unaccompanied at first by fever, and attended with only a 
trifling degree of uneasiness in swallowing. By and by this spot enlarges; its 
edges become of a florid color, fever steals on, and the act of swallowing 
becomes painful. A slough gradually forms, with evident ulceration at its 
edges; the fever increases, and headache and restlessness supervene. The partial 
separation of the slough, together with the rosy color of the edges of the ulcer, 
with the moderate degree of fever for some days, promise a favorable issue. 
But very unexpectedly, slowness of breathing, without either difficulty or 
wheezing takes place, with excessive and sudden sinking of the living powers; 
and it generally happens that within a day from this change the fatal event 
occurs; the breathing at first falls to eighteen respirations in the minute, then 
to sixteen, to twelve, and finally to ten or eight. Two other symptoms occa- 
sionally attend the disease; the one is a most offensive smell of the breath, and 
the other is the sudden appearance of croup. The disease attacks people of 
various ages. Remedy, pages 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 107. 

DROPSY.— -S'ymp<<w^s.— A disease, of which a very conspicuous symp- 
tom is the effusion of a watery fluid in certain cavities and cells, where it is 
not perceptible in the healthy state. Thus water may be accumulated in the 
ventricles of the brain, in the chest, in the belly, and the cellular texture gen- 
erally, giving rise to a train of symptoms, different in each particular case, and 
requiring particular modes of cure. Water effused in the ventricles of the 


brain is commonly the consequence of previous inflammation; and gives rise 
to a variety of distressing symptoms, which generally prove fatal. Remedy, 
pages 45, 46, 161. 

DYSENTERY, OR BLOODY FLUX.— This is an inflammation of 
the mucous or lining membrane of tlie large intestine, of which the symptoms 
are frequent calls to stool, with a scanty discharge of mucus, alone or mixed 
with blood. The stools are accompanied with copious discharges of wind, they 
generally exhibit a frothy appearance, and are often attended with a sense of 
scalding about the anus; the patient, after each evacuation, feels considerably 
relieved, and hopes, but in vain, to enjoy an interval of ease. Along with this 
affection of the bowels, there is great dejection of spirits, prostration of strength, 
thirst, griping pains, and loss of appetite, with fever in very acute cases. The 
disease varies in its duration; sometimes the patient sinks very rapidly, at other 
times lingers on for a long period, the slimy stools continuing, and being mixed 
with purulent and bloody matter from the ulceration of the bowels. 

Causes. — It is a disease very common in warm climates, and is to be 
ascribed to exposure to heat, alternated with cold and moisture, especially in 
swampy localities, or the banks of rivers. Whatever tends to congestion of 
the liver, such as intemperance, exposure, etc., in hot climates, will predispose 
to dysentery, by obstructing the return of the blood from the large intestines to 
the liver. Sometimes dysentery attacks soldiers epidemically, when they are 
encamped on marshy ground, with a burning sun over-head, and having hard 
night duty to perform; and the disease may prevail with such virulence that 
there is good reason for supposing it infectious under these circumstances. In 
ordinary cases it is not so. At the same time, every precaution should be taken 
to promote cleanliness, to remove from the sick every thing putrid and ofEens- 
ive, and to give as little unnecessary disturbance as possible. Remedy, pages 
60, 139, 195, 234. 

DYSPEPSIA OR INDIGESTION.— *Symj9to?ns.— These vary very 
much in different stages of the disease, and in different persons. In general 
the complaint begins with a sense of fullness, tightness, and weight in the 
stomach, sooner or later, after meals, and a changeable, diminished, or lost 
appetite. Occasionally, the appetite is craving, and when, in obedience to its 
promptings, a large meal is taken, there is pain in the stomach, with general 
distress and nervousness, and sometimes vomiting. Flatulency and acidity are 
common, with sour and offensive belching of wind; and very often there is a 
water-brash, or vomiting of a clear, glairy fluid when the stomach is empty. 
Dizziness is a prominent symptom. There is a great deal of what patients call 
an "all-gone" feeling at the pit of the stomach,— a weakness so great at that 
particular spot that it is very hard to sit up straight. There is a bad taste in 
the mouth; the tongue is covered with a whitish fur; there is headache, heart- 
burn, palpitation at times, high-colored urine, and tenderness, now and then, 
at the pit of the stomach. The bowels are generally irregular, sometimes very 
costive, at other times loose, when portions of food are passed off undigested. 

Such are the symptoms in a case of simple disorder of the stomach, when 


no other part of the system is materially involved. This is iTidigestion, welL 
marked, and distressing enough ; but it is only a part of what is understood by 
a case of modern dyspepsia. In this, either the indigestion, in its course, dis- 
turbs and involves the nervous system, or the nerves become themselves dis- 
ordered, and produce the indigestion. Sometimes one happens, sometimes the 
other, it matters not which ; both are present, — the affection of the stomach and 
of the nerves, in a case of thorough dyspepsia. To make out a full .case, in its 
tormenting completeness, we must add to the above symptoms, great depression 
of spirits, amounting at times to complete hopelessness and despondency; a 
dread and fear of some impending evil; a lack of interest in passing events; 
unwillingness to see company or to move about; an irritable and fretful temper; 
a desire to talk of one's troubles, and nothing else; a sallow, haggard, sunken, 
and sometimes wild expression of countenance; a dry, wrinkled, and harsh 
skin, with unrefreshing sleep, disturbed by all sorts of annoyances and diffi- 
culties, such as shipwrecks, falls down precipices, and nightmare. 

The man who has all these symptoms, or any considerable portion of them, 
has dyspepsia, and is about as miserable as if all the sorrows of life were 
electrical currents, and were running through him continually. 

Causes. — Accidental fits of indigestion are of frequent occurrence, and 
arise for the most part from overloading the stomach with food, and indulging 
freely in wines, spirits, or other intoxicating liquors. Confirmed or chronic 
indigestion may depend on debility or want of tone of the stomach, or it may 
be caused by the lining or mucous membrane of this organ being in a state of 
irritation or chronic inflammation. Drinking large quantities of cold water 
while eating is a prevalent cause. Over indulgence of the sexual act is a 
predisposing cause. One of the most frequent causes of indigestion 
is not masticating the food we eat properly, by which such food is 
bolted, instead of being reduced to a natural pulp, thereby presenting to the 
digestive organs a hardened mass, which it has the greatest difficulty to oper- 
ate upon. Another cause is habitual inattention to diet, both as regards 
the quality and quantity of food, irregularity in the times of eating, drinking 
large quantities of warm, relaxing fluids, and using malt liquors too freely. 
A third cause is insufficient exercise; a fourth cause, impure air; and, beside 
these, there are numberless other causes, which in a greater or less degree 
exercise their baneful influence upon this vital and all-important function of 
our natures. Remedy pages 59, 61, 135, 147, 148, 149. 

ECZEMA, OR HUMID TETTER. — This is a cutaneous disease, 
which is characterized by an eruption of small vesicles on various parts of the 
skin. These arise principally from some irritation, as from the heat of the sun 
or air in the summer season and in warm climates, as we see on the back of the 
hands and on the face; also on the neck and forearms in women. The eruption 
continues for two or three weeks, and there is not much internal disorder. 
Little can be done by medicine; much washing and rubbing is hurtful, and 
ointments and stimulants are to be avoided. Simple washing with tepid water 
relieves the smarting and tingling. Some persons have an eruption of this kind 
and even more severe, by the application of acrid substances; thus it occurs 
sometimes in grocers from handling sugar, and is then called the grocers' itch ; 


and masons and bricklayers may have it from the touching of lime. Similar 
eruptions are also produced by the irritation of blistering ointment, not only 
where the blister has been applied, but at some distance from it, and the erup- 
tion has a number of bard swellings and boils intermixed with it. The 
irritating cause must be removed, and emollient poultices applied to diminish 
the heat and uneasiness, and to bring the boils to a suppuration. Even a com- 
mon bread and milk poultice often or long applied to a place, has sometimes a 
similar effect. In this case, the poultice must be left off, and simple dressing 
applied. A course of alteratives and gentle laxatives will do much good, and 
the diet should generally be good and nourishing. Remedy, pages 97, 227. 

A disease of frequent occurrence, and arising from many various causes, con- 
sisting of convulsions of more or fewer of the muscles of voluntary motion, 
accompanied with a loss of sense, and ending in a state resembling deep sleep. 
Epilepsy suddenly attacks persons seemingly in perfect health; and going off 
after a certain time, the patients are left in their usual state. In some patients 
there is a very curious wnrning of the approach of an epileptic fit. From some 
point on the surface of the body, perhaps one of the fingers or toes, a sensation 
begins, as of a cold wind, or the creeping of an insect; which appears to pro- 
ceed to the head, and when it reaches that part, the patient is convulsed. This 
is called the aura epileptioa. In other cases, the patient fancies he sees a spectre 
approaching him, and the contact of this figure is the commencement of the 
convulsions. Whether there be any warning or not, a person thus attacked 
loses all power of sense and motion, and either falls or is thrown with convul- 
sions to the ground. In '^hat situation, violent convulsions variously move the 
limbs and the trunk of the body, and frequently with more violence on one 
side than the other. In almost all cases, the muscles of the face and eyes are 
much affected, giving a very distressing and alarming distortion to the counte- 
nance. The tongue is often affected, and thrust out of the mouth; and by the 
convulsive action of the muscles which shut the jaw, the tongue is not unfre- 
quently severely wounded, and has been known to be almost bitten through. 
During the continuance of the convulsions, as the patient has not the power of 
swallowing, the spittle issues from the mouth, worked into a frothy state by the 
action of respiration. Tfiis is always an unseemly appearance, though by itself 
it is not to be greatly regarded. The convulsions remit for a few minutes, and 
are then renewed, perhaps with increased violence. In a little time, the con- 
vulsions cease altogether, and the person is in a state of complete insensibility, 
which remains for a considerable time. Gradually he recovers his senses, but 
has no distinct remembrance of what has passed from the first attack of the 
paroxysm. The pulse and breathing are somewhat irregular and hurried dur- 
ing the fit, but soon return to their natural state. 

Causes.— In this, as in all nervous diseases, the explanation of causes is 
very diflicult. The opposite causes of over-excitement and of debility are both 
known to produce epilepsy. Every thing that irritates the brain, or the mental 
faculties, which we, in our imperfect knowledge, believe to be dependent on 


the actions of the brain, has been known to produce epilepsy; thus an injury 
done to the skull, the growth of tumors in the internal parts of that cavity, 
splinters of bone scaling off in consequence of disease, and various alterations- 
of structure which have been discovered after death in patients afflicted with 
epilepsy, give us just grounds for reckoning mechanical irritation among the 
causes of epilepsy. 

Remarks — Persons subject to epileptic fits should be very careful to avoid 
excitement. Remedy, pages 165, 212. 

inflammation of the skin, often spreading rapidly, and extending to the cellular 
tissue below the skin. The disease comes on with shivering, thirst, and other 
feverish symptoms, and soon affects some part of the skin with swelling, and 
redness of an uncertain extent, on which blisters very commonly rise. It 
attacks various parts of the body, and very frequently the face. At the begin- 
ning of the disease, there is confusion of head, and some degree of delirium; 
and there is not unfrequently considerable drowsiness. About the second or 
third day, a slight redness appears, which gradually spreads till it has occupied 
the whole of the face, and from the face it extends to the scalp, and down the 
neck. The redness does not continue equally bright on all the parts affected, 
but fades a little on those where it began. The swelling is considerable, and 
sometimes so great as to disfigure the countenance, and to shut up the eyes. 
Blisters of various sizes, containing a thin yellowish liquor, rise on several 
parts of the face. Where blisters do not rise, the skin scales off at the con- 
clusion of the disease. The fever and inflammation usually continue from 
eight to ten days. The severity and danger of the disease is to be judged from 
its effects on the brain. If there is much delirium and drowsiness, it portenda 
great danger, especially when they appear early in the disease; but the absence 
of these symptoms is to be accounted favorable. Remedy, pages 58, 175, 
176, 183. 

FELON.— This is an abscess of the fingers, of which there are three 
kinds, — the first situated upon the surface of the skin, the second under the 
skin, the third within the sheath which contains the tendons of the fingers, and 
sometimes involving the covering of the bone. 

The latter form of the disease is the most terrible, and begins with redness, 
swelling, and a deep-seated and throbbing pain, which gradually becomes so 
excruciating as to banish all sleep, and nearly drive the patient to distraction. 
Finally, matter forms and burrows in the deeper parts of the finger, and at 
length finds an opening which brings relief. Remedy, pages 130, 164. 

GALL-STONES.— Concretions which form in the gafl-bladder, and by 
their obstructing the passage leading from it to the intestines, prevent the bile 
from getting into them; hence jaundice is frequently produced. These gall- 
stones, when the obstruction is overcome, get down into the bowels, and are 
discharged by stool; then the disease abates, provided there is no other cause 
for it The pain which gall-stones cause during their passage through the gall- 
duct into the bowels is very intense, and is felt in the region of the liver, some- 


times also extending to the right shoulder. The pain Is generally sharp, but it 
may be dull and aching; it comes on in paroxysms, is relieved by pressure, and 
is unaccompanied by fever. There is often vomiting of sour mattei, and if 
the flow of bile is completely obstructed by the stone, jaundice comes on, and 
the urine becomes very highly-colored. The best way to relieve these symptoms, 
which often appear very suddenly, is to apply hot bran poultices assiduously, 
and to give a pill containing a grain of opium and J^ of a grain of tartar emetic, 
every 3 hours until relief is obtained. If there is much retching or vomiting, 
the tartar emetic may be omitted. Remedy, page 191. 

GANGRENE (Mortification.) — Gangrene is the first stage of morti- 
fication, so-called from its eating away the flesh. Gangrene may be considered 
as a partial death — the death of one part of the body while the other parts are 

Causes. — The causes are excessive inflammation, sometimes from hurts or 

Symptoms. — All pain and sensation ceases in the part; and, if extensive, it 
turns from red to purple, livid, or black, with a quick low pulse and clammy 
sweats. If internal, there is a cessation of pain, but the body sinks and 
changes to a livid color, and often hiccoughs and other distressing symptoms 
attend The face is pinched with cold, and the tongue brown. Remedy, 
page 234. 

GOITRE, OR BIG NECK.-%TO;)toms. -A prominent, soft, elastic tum- 
or, occupying the front of the throat, in the situation of the thyroid gland, and 
like it in shape. It is not tender, and the skin is not discolored. In old cases, 
the tumor becomes hard. In some instances the tumor is so large as to push the 
gullet to one side. Remedy, pages 44, 45. 

GONORRHCEA.— See Gleet. 

GOUT. — Symptoms. — The symptoms considered as characterizing gout 
are the following: The patient has a peculiar uneasiness about the stomach; 
there is a degree of fever; pain and inflammation attack the joints of the hands 
and feet, and principally the ball of the great toe; the feverish symptoms abate 
after some days; and at distant and uncertain intervals, the same series of symp- 
toms again occur. The paroxysms of gout generally come on in spring, when the 
vernal heal succeeds to the winter's cold; and according as this takes place 
sooner or later, and according as the patient is exposed to the changes of 
temperature, so the period of attack will vary. The patient is affected with a 
degree of languor or heaviness, the functions of the stomach are disturbed; 
there is loss of appetite, flatulence or indigestion; the bowels are costive, the 
tongue loaded, and the urine high-colored and turbid. Remedy, page 136. 

GLEET, GONORRHOEA. — Symptoms. — A continued running or dis- 
charge, after the inflammatory symptoms of a clap have ceased. The discharge 
is commonly thin and clear, and is not accompanied with pain or scalding in 
making water. It proceeds from relaxation or debility of the parts, and is best 
cured by some astringent or stimulant application to them; and at the same 



time, the general health is to be promoted by the use of bark, iron, and cold 
bathing The best local applications are those made of the sulphate of zinc in 
the proportion of 2 grs to the oz , or 1 gr. of corrosive sublimate to 6 ozs. of 
water, and they require to be pretfy frequently thrown up. They ought to excite 
a little pain on first being used. If we do not succeed by astringent injections, 
we may be obliged to use bougies, either clean, or lightly touched with a little 
basilicon ointment. Balsam of Copaiba in the dose of 1 dr. 3 or 4 times a-day, 
or the tincture of cantharides, 10 drops as often, may be given internally, or 
'the following combination may be used: Take of citrate of iron and quinine, 1 
scruple; tincture of cantharides, 1 dr.; water, 3 ozs. Mix. A dessert-spoonful 
3 times a day in a wine-glass of water If we find no benefit from the above 
recommendation, we judge that the gleet does not arise from mere relaxation of 
the parts or from habit, but from unhealthy action of the glands in the urinary 
passage, and we attempt the cure of this by bougies, and by blisters to the per- 
ineum. If the constitution is scrofulous, the remedies for that disease must be 
conjoined with our local applications. Another cause of gleet is strictures in the 
urethra. In such cases our attention is to be directed to the cure of the strict- 
ures, for which we refer to that article. Sometimes a gleet is complicated with 
discharges of the seminal fluid; where this occurs in an originally bad consti- 
tution, which has been weakened by excesses, the sexual powers of the patient 
are much impaired, and may even be altogether destroyed. Remedy, pages 
205, 206, 207, 208, 209. 

GRAVEL, OR STONE are the names applied to the diseases which are 
occasioned by concretions in the urinary passages. Gravel signifies small stones 
that pass from the kidneys through the urethra into the bladder causing severe 
pain, hence the disorder induced in such cases is called a^^of gravel. Stone is a 
calculous concretion in the kidneys or in the urinary bladder, which is too large to 
pass, or at least without great difficulty. The symptoms to which such concre- 
tions give rise are of the most painful kind, and occur so frequently, as to 
become objects of very considerable interest. There are so many different 
salts contained in the urme, that it does not appear wonderful that occasionally 
they should fail to be kept in complete solution When this is the case, and 
when a nucleus is formed, they concrete around it, and by their getting into 
narrow passages, or pressing upon delicate organs, they occasion the severe 
symptoms of stone or gravel A Fit of the Gravel is accompanied by a fixed 
pain in the loins, a numbness of the thigh on the side affected, sickness and 
vomiting, and sometimes slight diminution of the quantity of urine. Some 
times the acuteness of the pain occasions faintings and convulsion fits. These 
violent and painful affections are generally terminated by the passage of small 
stones through the urethra; and the patient is for the time easy. In those who 
are much disposed to gravel, these attacks may be expected again, at uncertain 

When there is Stone in the Bladder, the symptoms are. a frequent inclina- 
tion to make water, which flows in small quantity, and is often interrupted; 
and there is generally pain at the extremity of the passage, especially as the 
last drop are expelled, and for some time afterwards. Remedy, page 48. 


HAY-FEVER. — Hay-asthma, and summer bronchitis, is a disease which 
occurs about the time of the hay harvest, and appears to be caused by the pol 
len of some wild plants getting into and inflaming the bronchial passages 
This theory is supported by the fact that those who live in situations where 
there is little or no vegetation do not suffer from it. 

Symptoms. — A difficulty of breathing, and a burning sensation in the throat, 
are the chief characteristics of this affection. Remedy, page 235, 

HEADACHE.— Pain, heaviness, or oppression about the head is a very 
frequent occurrence, and arises from a great variety of causes. It is symp- 
tomatic of disorders of the stomach and bowels; and in such cases it ofteu 
proceeds to a very distressing height. We judge headache to arise from dis- 
orders of the stomach when the tongue is whitish, and slightly coated, with the 
edges of a pale red color. The patient has a dimness and indistinctness of 
sight; he has a dull pain or weight in the head, with some confusion, and he is 
somewhat giddy. The pulse is languid and feeble, but not very frequent. 
There is a degree of sickness and irritation about the stomach. There is a 
coldness and numbness about the fingers; and the patient becomes, what, in 
common language, is called nervous. This kind of headache commonly occurs 
in the early stages of digestion. It is best relieved by an emetic, but this is a 
remedy which should not be employed very often. Remedy, pages 44, 74, 
107, 108, 139, 183. 

HEARTBURN. — Symptoms. — A disagreeable sensation proceeding from 
acidity in the stomach, from which there are frequent belchings of sour flatu- 
lence, or discharges of water with a burning heat at the pit of the stomach. 
It is a very pertinacious symptom, and is not easily removed; it has its chance 
of abatement or cure like the other symptoms of indigestion, by air, exercise, 
and proper diet; but it is also to be palliated by giving such substances as will 
combine with an acid in the stomach, and form a tasteless and innoxious salt. 
Remedy, pages 108, 244. 

HEART DISEASE.— -^to;>!!otws.— Of all the diseases of the heart the 
general symptoms are nearly the same. Respiration habitually short and con- 
strained; palpitations and stiflings invariably produced by the motion of ascent, 
by rapid walking, by mental emotions, and returning even without known 
cause; frightful dreams, and interruption of the sleep by sudden startings; 
occasionally the symptoms described under the name of angina pectoris; and, 
lastly, a cachectic paleness, with tendency to leucophlegmatic effusion, which 
eventually appears, are all symptoms which, to a greater or less extent, occur 
in persons affected with disease of the heart. Remedy, pages 85, 108, 244. 

HEMORRHAGE. — Hemorrhage from the lungs may easily be dis- 
tinguished from that of the stomach, as in the latter case the blood is vomited 
up, usually in large quantities, of a much darker color and more or less mixed 
with the contents of the stomach, whereas the blood from the lungs is of a florid 
color, is thrown up in small quantities, by coughing or hawking, and is more 
or less mixed with a frothy mucus. If bleeding from the stomach be but slight, 
a few drops of common table salt and vinegar may be sufficient to suppress it; 


alum water may also be given. If these fall give a strong tea of the beth root. 
The bugle weed is also good — a strong tea, made from its leaves, to be taken 
cold during the day. Remedies — Hemorrhage of lungs, pages 48, 50, 
188, 189; nose, pages 84, 85, 188, 189; uterus, pages 48, 179, 281. 

HERNIA, OR RUPTURE.— Tliis signifies the displacement of any 
of the internal organs from their natural situation; but it is more commonly 
applied to that disease which arises from the bowels getting through some of 
the apertures designed for the transmission of other organs. When the parts 
of the bowels or omentum which have protruded can be replaced by change of 
posture or by the hand, the hernia is said to be reducible; when it is not, it is 
called iiTeducible hernia; and when dangerous or painful symptoms are brought 
on by its being constricted, it is said to be strangulated. 

Ruptures are inconvenient and dangerous in proportion to their bulk, to 
the place where they occur, and to the stricture or pressure they vmdergo. 
Remedy, pages 197, 234. 

HYDROPHOBIA. — Symptoms. — The symptoms of hydrophobia are 
the following: The bitten part begins to be painful, then there ensue uneasi- 
ness, restlessness, heaviness, a desire to be alone, sudden starting, pain, spasms, 
disturbed sleep, and frightful dreams. These symptoms increase, pains dart 
from the wounded place to the throat, with a sensation of choking, and dread 
at the sight of liquids. The person can swallow solids, but anything in a fluid 
form causes him to start back with horror; and the most painful convulsions 
are excited by any application of it to his throat or lips. In the course of the 
disease, vomiting comes on, with great thirst, dryness and roughness of the 
tongue, hoarseness, and a continual discharge of saliva. This saliva is very 
thick and viscid, and the constant efforts to get rid of it are very distressing. 
There is great watchfulness, a dislike of light and air, difficult breathing; in 
some cases, delirium occurs, but in others the judgment is unimpaired. The 
pulse becomes tremulous and irregular, convulsions arise, and the patient sinks 
exhausted, about the third or fourth day from the first appearance of the 
symptoms. Remedy, page 243. 

HYSTERIA, HYSTERICS, OR PITS. — A disease presenting 
many alarming appearances, though the danger to life is by no means in pro- 
portion to the violence of the symptoms. It is chiefly conflned to the female 
sex; and of them it principally attacks the high fed, the luxurious and the 
idle; also those who are addicted to the use of malt liquor or distilled spirits. It 
chiefly occurs between the age of 15 and 40; though in those who are peculiarly 
disposed to it, it may continue beyond the latter period. Hysteria is far more 
frequent at the monthly period than at other seasons. In those who are sub- 
jected, to hysteria, it is very readily brought on by emotions of the mind, and 
especially by any surprise; and by long continuance of the disease, persons are 
broi'ght to so morbid a state of sensibility, that the slightest noise or external 
impression agitates and alarms them. Remedy, page 233. 

TMPOTENCY. — Impotency means incapacity in the male to perform 
seJ^'ll intercourse. This may arise from physical or moral causes, some of 


■which are remediable, while others arc not so. The loss of both testicles, or 
organic disease in them to a great extent, will render a man impotent for life; 
fear, weakening diseases, excessive drinking and smoking, may again make 
him temporarily incompetent. A skillful and kind physician should always be 
consulted where real or fancied incapacity exists, and under no circumstances 
whatever should advice be sought from advertisers of cordials, balms, restora- 
tives, etc. Remedy, pages 180-183. 

JAUNDICE. — This is a symptom of a disease, and not a disease, and 
depends upon the absorption of bile into the system from various causes. It is 
characterised by a universal yellowness of the skin, and of the white of the eyes; 
itching of the surface of the body, a white or claylike appearance of the stools; 
while the uriuetinges linen of a yellow color. The disease is attended by a sense of 
weariness and languor, a feeling of pain or uneasiness about the pit of the stomach, 
and there is sometimes a slight difficulty of breathing. There is also sickness, 
vomiting, sourness of stomach, and various other symptoms of indigestiouc 
There is sometimes an acute pain on the right side, below the margins of the ribs. 
There is not, in general, much fever. It is a vulgar error to believe that patients in 
jaundice see objects of a yellow color. Remedy, pages 161, 201, 202, 203. 

KIDNEYS, INFLAMMATION OF,— Symptoms.— A. weakness in 
the small of the back, and a dull, heavy pain in the kidneys. The urine is 
passed often, and in small quantities. It is alkaline, — sometimes white and 
milky, — and has in it deposits of phosphate of lime, and triple phosphates. 
Remedy, page 252. 

LIVER, INFLAMMATION O'F. —Symptoms.-ThesQ are sympathetic 
fever, with pain, and a sense of tension in the right side, inability to lie on the 
left side, difficulty of breathing, a dry cough, vomiting, and hiccough. 

The pain is acute and lancinating generally, though sometimes dull and 
tensive. When sharp, it is like the stitch of pleurisy, and it indicates that the 
peritoneum which covers the liver is inflamed. When dull, it is the body of 
the organ which is suffering. When the convex surface of the liver is the seat 
of the disease, the pam is apt to run up to the right collar-bone, and to the top 
of the right shoulder. Breathing, coughing, and lying on the left side, increase 
the pain. A soreness is felt by pressing over the liver. The pulse is full, hard, 
and strong, the bowels are costive, and the stools are clay colored, owing to not 
being tinged with bile, — this having stopped flowing. The tongue is covered 
with a yellow, dark brown, or even black coat, and there is a bitter taste in the 
mouth Remedy, page 245. 

LUNGS, INFLAMMATION OF.— When the substance of the lung 
itself is inflamed, the disease is termed pneumonia; and the word pleurisy or 
pleuritis is restricted to inflammation of the pleura, i. e., the membrane which 
envelopes the lungs, and lines the inner surface of the ribs. Sometimes both 
parts are affected, and then the term pleuro-pneumonia is used. For all prac- 
tical purposes, the inflammation of these various parts may be included under 
one common name. 


Symptoms. — The disease comes on with coldness and shivering, and other 
symptoms of beginning fever, then the heat of the body is increased, the pulse 
becomes more frequent, full, and strong, and there is v^ery marked difficulty of 
breathing, especially when the patient attempts to draw in a full breath. The 
pain is generally greater when the patient lies on the side affected, but some- 
times the contrary is the case. The pain is felt most commonly on one side, 
and some have supposed that the left side is more frequently attacked than the 
right, but this does not appear to be correct. Sometimes the pain is felt at the 
lower part of the breast, sometimes in the back, between the shoulders; the 
pain is commonly fixed in one spot, but sometimes shoots from the side to the 
shoulder, back, or breast, and such shooting pains are called in common lan- 
guage stitches. The disease is always accompanied by cough; and this cough, 
m every case, is attended with very considerable pain at the beginning of the 
disease, it is dry, but soon becomes somewhat moist, and the matter spit up is 
streaked with a little blood. 'Remedy, pages 249, 250. 

MEASLES. — See Symptoms, pages 219, 220; Remedy, pages 220, 
221, 222. Malignant Measles, page 221. 

MUMPS. — See Symptoms, page 223 ; Remedy, page 223. 

NEURALGIA. — (Neuralgia, nervous headache sometimes called), means 
pain in a nerve, and is generally of an excruciating, darting kind, but without 
any heat or swelling in the part. Neuralgic pains affect various parts of the 
body, but are most common in the head. Remedy, pages 73, 74, 75, 76. 

PAINTERS' COLIC.-See page 230. 

PALSY. — PARALYSIS. — Symptoms.— Sometimes there are no pre. 
monitory symptoms; but often before the attack there are flushed face, swelling 
of the veins about the head and neck, vertigo, a sense of fullness, weight, and 
sometimes pain in the head, ringing in the ears, drowsiness, indistinct articula- 
tion of words, or even loss of speech, confusion of mind, loss of memory, and 
change of disposition, — amiable persons being made sullen and peevish, and 
irritable ones mild and simpering. After the attack the countenance acquires a 
vague expression; the mouth is drawn to one side; the lower lip on the palsied 
side hangs down, and the spittle dribbles away. The speech is altered, and the 
mind is generally impaired. 

In some instances the patient recovers in a longer or shorter time; in others 
little or no improvement takes place, and the patient, after remaining helpless, 
often for a long time, dies either from gradual exhaustion, or suddenly from 
apoplexy. Remedy, pages 130, 239. 

PILES.— Painful tumors in the neighborhood of the anus. Sometimes 
they are situated externally, and are found in clusters, hard, painful, and giving 
great inconvenience by their preventing the person from sitting; at other times 
they are within the gut, and are forced outwards with great pain when the 
patient goes to stool. Sometimes they are situated so far up, that they du not 
appear externally at all, but indicate their presence by very great pain, or by 
the discharge of blood. Sometimes the pain attending piles is less, and the 


principal inconvenience attending them is the discharge of blood, either pretty 
constant, or when a person goes to stool. In some cases very large quantities 
of blood are lost in this way. Sometimes, instead of blood, a whitish fluid is 

Causes. — Few persons who have attained middle age are totally free from 
piles, but in some they are more troublesome, and require more attention than 
in others. Those who are frequently in a standing posture, who are subject to 
costiveness, and those who are much in the habit of taking purgative medi- 
cines, especially of aloes, are very liable to have piles. Pregnant women are 
very often troubled with piles. Whatever tends to prevent the blood from cir- 
culating freely through the veins of the intestines will produce piles; hence 
affections of the liver are a common cause of the complaint, especially in hot 
countries where that organ is apt to be congested. Remedy, pages 141, 161, 
185, 186, 187, 188. 

PLEURISY. — 5^OTpto?ns.— This disease is most frequently Introduced by 
sMverings, which are soon succeeded by high fever, with a peculiarly hard, 
resisting pulse; sharp, stabbing ■^aXxi in the side, — generally just below the nipple, 
but sometimes extending to the shoulder, arm-pit, and back; hurried and inter- 
rupted breathing; and a short, dry cough 

The pain is greatly aggravated by motion, coughing, or an attempt to 
take a long breath. It holds the patient under constant and powerful 
restraint. We find him lying upon his back, or his well side; his countenance 
full of anxiety, — fearing to move, cough, or even breathe needlessly; and often 
crying out from the keen torture these necessary acts inflict in spite of all his 

At a more advanced stage, when the tenderness has somewhat abated, he 
will prefer to lie on the diseased side, as this leaves the healthy lung more at 
liberty. Remedy, page 191. 

POISONING ACCIDENTS.— Accidents from poisons are of such 
common occurrence, that every person should know the proper remedies, and 
not be obliged to wait the arrival of a physician before the proper corrective is 
applied. The symptoms are different in different poisons, but as prompt action 
and not symptoms, are necessary, we give the most common remedies, with the 
methods of applying them, under the proper heads. Remedy, pages 47, 62, 
93, 94, 216. 

of inflammatory sore throat generally commences with cold chills, and other 
febrile symptoms. There is fullness, heat, and dryness of the throat, with a 
hoarse voice, difficulty of swallowing, and shooting pains towards the ear. 
When examined, the throat is found to be of a florid red color, deeper over the 
tonsils, which are swollen and covered with mucus. As the disease progresses 
the tonsils become more and more swollen, the swallowing becomes more pain- 
ful and difficult, until liquids return through the nose, and the viscid saliva is 
discharged from the mouth. Very commonly the fever increases also, and 
there is acute pain of the back and limbs. 

Causes.- Exposure to cold, wearing damp clothes, sitting in wet rooms, 
getting wet feet, coming suddenly out of a crowded and heated room into the 


open and cold air. It may also be brought on by violent exertion of the voice, 
and by suppressed evacuations. Remedy, pages 99, 154. 

RHEUMATISM. — Symptoms. — A painful affection of fibrous and mus- 
cular tissues, affecting principally the larger joints, and places covered by 
muscles; thus it affects the wrists, the elbows, the knees and hip- joint, and the 
back and loins. The internal parts also, as the heart and diaphragm, are con- 
sidered to be capable of being affected by rheumatism. When the joints about 
the back and loins are affected, the complaint is called lumbago; when the pain 
is in the hip joint, it is called sciatica; and pleurodyne, or pain in the side, 
when the muscles of the chest are affected. Rheumatism may occur either 
with fever or without it; in the first case it ia termed acute, and in the second 
chronic rheumatism. 

Not long after the application of the exciting cause, the patient feels pain 
and stiffness in one or more joints when he attempts to move them; this quickly 
increases, till motion becomes almost impossible, from the excessive pain 
attending it. Along with this local, and often very general j)ain, there occurs 
very strong fever, much thirst,heat, and dryness of skin, strength, fullness, and 
hardness of pulse. The tongue has a white coating, but is red at the tip and 
the sides, and there is often profuse perspiration with a very sour smell. The 
appetite is deficient, but the bowels are often in their natural condition. The 
feverish symptoms are somewhat increased towards evening; and when the 
patient gets warm in bed, the pains are more severe. In a short time some of 
the joints swell, and the pain is a little relieved, but by no means removed. The 
pain is apt to shift from one joint to another, or at least several joints in suc- 
cession are attacked; and when the pain seemed to be going off, it sometimes 
unexpectedly recurs. 

Causes. — Rheumatism is a disease of the constitution, and depends on a 
morbid state of the blood, or, to speak morcaccurately, it is caused by a poison 
which circulates in the blood, and is probably carried from one joint to another. 
The tendency to rheumatism is hereditary, and in some families this predis- 
position is very marked, and the disease is excited by the most trifling causes. 
Cold and damp are the most common causes of this disease, and hence the poor 
suffer much from it. Thus, too, it is not an unf requent disease with sportsmen, 
who, when hot au J perspiring, are too apt to throw themselves down on the wet • 
grass ; and with travellers who sleep in damp and ill-dried sheets. Persons who get 
their clothes wet, and neglect to.change them, are often seized with rheumatism. 
Acute rheumatism is most common between the ages of fifteen and forty. It 
is not a dangerous disease as long as it is confined to the joints, but there is 
always the risk of the heart being attacked ; a most dangerous complication, 
and most to be dreaded when the disease has long existed, and when there is a 
strong hereditary predisposition to it. Remedy, pages 33, 36, 37, 38, 39, 
41, 42, 141. 

RICKETS. — Symptoms. — This disease is an affection peculiar to child- 
hood, and supposed to depend upon the action of the causes which favor the 
development of scrofula. The signs of rickets are, a softened gristly state of 
the bones, large joints, large head, prominent forehead, straightness of the ribs 


and flatness of the sides of the chest, prominent breast bone, looseness of text- 
ure in the bones, crooked legs and distorted spine; many other symptoms of 
scrofula are sometimes also present. This, lilie scrofula, disposes the system to 
other diseases; the treatment of rickets is nearly the same as that of scrofula, 
(which you will find in its proper place in another part of this work,) — rickets, 
however, is a more curable disease, and less apt to continue after adult age. 
Remedy, page 192. 

BINGWORM OR TETTER.— ^S's^mpiJoms.— This disease consists of 
minute water blisters, arranged somewhat in rings; it begins with slight redness 
— small blisters form and are attended with a colorless fluid— these break in 
four or five days, and are covered with a thin brownish scab, which falls off 
about the eighth or ninth day, leaving a red surface, which gradually disappears. 
The eruption seldom lasts more than ten days, but it sometimes appears a second 
time, and continues for several weeks; it is always attended with itching 
smarting, and burning. It often appears on the face, neck and arms of children 
— and may be communicated by contact. Remedy, pages 163, 229. 

RUPTURE. — Symptoms (when it is reducible and not strangulated, 
A swelling in some part of the belly; this diminishes a little on pressure, but 
returns when the pressure is withdrawn; it goes off when the patient lies down, 
and is increased by coughing. Patients with rupture are sometimes troubled 
with indigestion ; but frequently, all the functions of the alimentary canal are 
quite regular. When we succeed in getting up the bowels, there is commonly 
what is called a guggling noise. 

Causes. — There are some persons in whom rupture takes place more easily 
than in others, and in whom it is constant. The reason seems to be, that ihe 
parietes of the abdomen, or the neighborhood of the openings in it, are more 
lax and yielding in them than in others. It is common in warm climates, in 
old people after long illnesses or debilitating fevers, and in the poor who have 
labored hard and been ill fed. The circumstance which immediately occasions 
ruptures, is generally some violent exertion, requiring a strong action of many 
muscles, especially those of respiration; hence ruptures are brought on by 
lifting or carrying heavy weights, jumping, running, vomiting, straining at 
stool, the efforts of women in childbed; or by coughing, sneezing, crying, 
laughing. Remedy, pages 197, 234, 

SALT RHEUM.— See Eczema. 

SCARLET PEVER.—SCARLATHTA.— *S^m?)<OTns.— Either mild, 
or malignant with putrid sore throat, exhibits different forms of a disease which 
is propagated by a specific contagion, like small-pox or measles, and like them is 
believed by the best observers to attack a person only once during life; though 
the apparent exceptions to this remark are more numerous in scarlet fever, than 
in the other diseases above mentioned. On the third or fourth day after expos- 
ure to the contagion of scarlet fever, a feverish attack occurs, and about the 
second day of this fever, a bright scarlet rash appears on the surface of the 
body, and within the mouth and about the fauces. The scarlet fever varies 
much in its degree of malignity and danger, even during the same epidemic; la 


some cases being so slight as to go off without the aid of medicine; in others; 
being accompanied with symptoms of great and fatal putrescency. It will be 
proper to notice separately, the mild and fatal scarlet fever, and to describe 
some cases, in which the symptoms are irregularly combined, it being always 
remembered that "the malignant sore-throat maybe caught from a patient 
who has mild scarlet fever; and mild scarlet fever may, in like manner be 
contracted from one who is laboring under malignant sore-throat. These forms 
graduate insensibly towards each other " Remedy pages 52, 64, 256, 257, 

Mild Scarlet Fever. — The milder form of scarlet fever is distinguished 
by the rash, with a moderate degree of fever, and with very little affection of 
the throat. The rash first appears in innumerable red points about the neck 
and face, and by the next day they are seen over the whole surface of the body. 
The skin is rough to the touch, and sometimes there are small vesicles. About 
the fourth day the eruption is at its height, and on the fifth it begins to decline. 
The surface of the mouth and fauces appears red, and little red points appear 
on the tongue rising up through the white crust which covers it, and when this 
crust comes off, the whole is red and sore, and the points are still prominent, 
giving an appearance like a strawberry. There is sometimes considerable 
sweUing of the face and of the throat. Remedy, same as above. 

SCRO'F'UliA.—St/mptoms.—Scroiala. and King's Evil, are names for a 
tedious and multiform disease, of which one of the most characteristic marks 
is a tendency to a swelling of glandular parts, which, when they come on to 
inflammation and suppuration, discharge an unhealthy, curdy, mixed matter, 
and form ulcers very difficult to heal. Remedy, pages 141, 142. 

SHINGLES. — Symptoms. — A disease characterized by a number ®f vesi- 
cles, most commonly round the waist, like half a sash; but sometimes like a 
sword-belt across the shoulder. It very rarely surrounds the body completely; 
hence, a popular, but groundless apprehension, that if the disease goes round, 
it will be fatal. The disease is usually preceded, for two or three days, by 
languor and loss of appetite, rigors, headache, sickness, and a frequent pulse; 
with a heat and tingling in the skin, and shooting pains through the chest, and 
at the pit of the stomach. After these symptoms, more or less severe, there 
appear, on some part of the trunk, red patches of an irregular form, at a little 
distance from each other; upon each of which numerous small elevations 
appear, clustered together. In the course of twenty-four hours, they enlarge 
to the size of small pearls, and are filled with a limpid fluid. The clusters are 
surrounded by a narrow red margin. During three or four days, other clusters 
continue to rise in succession, and with considerable regularity. About the 
fourth day, the vesicles acquire a milky or yellowish hue, which is soon fol- 
lowed by a bluish or livid color of the bases of the vesicles, and of the con- 
tained fluid. Several of them run together; and those which are broken dis- 
charge a small quantity of a serous fluid for three or four days; this concretes 
into thin dark scabs, which soon become hard, and fall off about the twelfth 
or fourteenth day. Where there has been considerable discharge, numerous 
pits are left. The feverish symptoms commonly subside when the eruption ia 


completed; but sometimes continue much longer, probably from the itching 
and smarting of the vesicles. Though resembling some other eruptive diseases 
in its rise and decline, it is not contagious, and persons may have it more than 
once The disease, in general, is slight and free from danger. Kemkdy, page 

SMALL-POX. — Symptoms.— H^Q patient is seized with coldness and 
shiverings, which soon abate, and are then followed by a hot stage, lasting for two 
or three days; during which, children are liable to sickness and vomiting, to 
starting in their sleep, or to epileptic fits; and adults are disposed to sweating. 
Towards the end of the third day, the eruption appears, and increases during 
the fourth day. It commonly appears first on the face, then on the lower parts, 
and is completed over the whole body on the fifth day. The fever generally 
abates about the coming out of the eruption; the sickness, vomiting, fits, and 
other oppressive symptoms go off; and the patient is, for the time, free from 
uneasiness. The eruption appears in small red spots, hardly rising above the 
skin, but which by degrees form pimples. On the fifth or sixth day a small 
vesicle, containing a colorless fluid, appears on top of each pimple These get 
broader on the seventh day; and about the eighth are raised into round pustules. 
These pustules are surrounded with a circular inflamed border; and as they 
increase in size, about the eighth day the face is considerably swelled, and the 
eye-lids are sometimes completely closed. The matter in the pustules now 
becomes thick and white, or yellowish, exactly resembling the matter of an 
abscess On the 11th day the swelling of the face subsides, and the pustules 
appear quite full. Remedy, pages 64, 68, 70, 71, 72. 

STOMACH, INFLAMMATION OF —Symptom^.— ThQ symptoms 
of inflammation of the stomach are, acute pain, heat, and tension in the region 
of that organ, great increase of pain when anything is swallowed, vomiting, great 
and sudden depression of strength, a small pulse, thirst, restlessness and anxiety. 
Remedt. page. 251. 

ST. VITUS' TiAlSCE.— Symptoms.— IhXs, disease is chiefly confined 
to children and youth between the ages of eight and fourteen. But few cases 
occur after puberty. The complaint affects both the muscles and the limbs. 
It excites curious antics. A few of the muscles of the face or limb*' 
begin their mischievous pranks by slight twitches, which, by degrees, 
become more energetic, and spread to other parts. The face is twisted into all 
kinds of ridiculous contortions, as if the patient were making mouths at some- 
body. The hands and arms do not remain in one position for a moment. In 
attempting to carry food to the mouth, the hand gets part way, and is jerked 
back, starts again, and darts to one side, then to the other, then mouthwarc* 
again; and each movement is so quick, and nervous and darting, and diddling, 
that ten to one the food drops into the lap. If the attempt be made to run out 
the tongue, it ia snatched back with the quickness of a serpent's, and the jaws 
snap together like a fly trap. The lower limbs are in a state of perpetual did- 
dle; the feet shuflie with wonderful diligence upon the floor, as if inspired witb 
a ceaseless desire to dauce. Remedy, page 130. 


STTN STROKE. — Symptoms. — This begins by thirst, dizziness, headache 
and sometimes there is vomiting or difficult breathing. The symptoms, in fact 
are pretty much the same as apoplexy; the patient should at once be taken into 
a cool shady place, and the first thing have a bucket of cold water poured slowly 
over his head, and, in all respects treat the case the same as a case of apoplexy. 
Remedy, page 131. 

SYPHILIS. — Symptoms. — This disease is owing to a poisonous matter 
introduced into the system by absorption, thus producing more poisonous matter 
which in time corrupts all the fluids, and occasions many disorders in various 
parts of the body, and is generally the consequence of impure sexual inter- 
course. Remedy, page 204. 

THRUSH. — Symptoms: — Comes on in the mouth, may extend down the 
throat, never attacks the nose or lungs, child becomes fretful, mouth and throat 
red, inflamed and tender, vomiting and diarrhcea. The thrush consists of 
white points at first, which soon run together and become patches, they are 
slightly elevated, and look like white mould, or curdled milk, after the disease 
has run on for a short time the patches have a yellowish color, it comes on in 
young children and is very dangerous unless properly treated. If the previous 
health of the child is good the case should be cured in three to six days. 
Remedy, pages 228, 296. 


Symptoms. — There is more or less thickness of speech, caused by enlarged tonsils 
and liability to sore throat, or quinsy. The only symptoms are inflamed and 
enlarged tonsils. Remedy, pages 53, 140. 

TUMORS — SWELLINGrS. — Are of various kinds, either of the 
whole body, or of particular members, or local and circumscribed. Watery 
swellings of the whole body are seen in general dropsy; and the same disease 
in its commencement occasions partial swellings, as of the lower extremities, 
or of the arms or face, according to the position of the body. Circumscribed 
swellings occur in various glands, as those of the neck, arm pit, or groins, 
chiefly in scrofulous constitutions; or they may arise from inflammation, the 
consequence of cold. The tonsils swell in sore throat, and occasion a fullness 
of the external parts of the throat; gum-boils form during toothache, and 
swell the cheeks; and the bronchocele, or goitre, is an instance of a still more 
permanent swelling. The face, head, and limbs often swell exceedingly from 
various causes. 

Wen is the common popular name for an excrescence or tumor growing 
on any part of the body, and frequently applied to tumors about the throat and 
neck. Tumors are distinguished by surgeons according to the nature of their 
contents; and they require treatment varied according to circumstances. 
Remedy, pages 33, 96, 140, 210, 270, 296. 

TYPHOID, OR TYPHUS.— /%mp<<?TOs.— The disease often has cau- 
tionary symptoms. For several days before its actual beginning, the patient 
droops. He may attend to his various duties, but does not seem well; he is 
low-spirited and languid ; Is indisposed to any exertion of body or mind , has 



pains in the head, back and extremities; loses his appetite; and although dull 
and perhaps drowsy in the day time, his sleep is interrupted and unrefreshing 
at night. The immediate harbinger of the fever is a chill often so marked as to 
cause violent shivering. 

The history of the first week shows increased heat of the surface; frequent 
pulse, ranging from eighty to one hundred and twenty; furred tongue; rest- 
lessness and sleeplessness; headache and pain in the back; sometimes diarrhoea 
and swelling of the belly; and sometimes nausea and vomiting. 

The second week is frequently distinguished by an eruption of small, rose- 
colored spots upon the belly, and by a crop of little watery pimples upon the 
neck and chest, having an appearance of minute drops of sweat standing on the 
skin, and hence called sudamina, or sweat drops; the tongue is dry and black, 
or red and sore; the teeth are foul; there may be delirium and dullness of hear- 
ing; and the symptoms generally are more serious than during the first week. 
Occasionally, at this period, the bowels are perforated or ate through by ulcer- 
ation, and the patient suddenly sinks. 

If the disease proceeds unfavorably into the third week, there is low mut- 
tering and delirium; great exhaustion; sliding down of the patient towards the 
foot of the bed; twitching of the muscles; bleeding from the bowels; and red 
or purple spots upon the skin. 

If, on the other hand, recovery takes place, the countenance brightens; the 
pulse moderates; the tongue cleans, and the discharges assume the appearance 
they have in health. Remedy, pages 61, 62, 63,64, 65, 66, 67, 193. 


— This is an inflammation of the lungs, differing from the preceding only in the 
character of the fever attending it, which is of a low typhoid character. The 
disease, like typhoid fever, is characterized by great debility and prostration. 
There are a combination of the symptoms of pneumonia and of typhoid fever. 
The disease begins with great weariness, lassitude, dizziness, pain in the head^ 
back, and limbs. Soon there is much difficulty of breathing, tightness 
across the chest, with a dry, short, liacking cough. 

As the disease advances, the active symptoms pass away; there is a dull 
pain across the chest; drowsiness is very apt to come on, with the various 
symptoms of sinking peculiar to typhoid fever. The skin is harsh and dry, 
the temperature uneven, the tip and edge of the tongue red, and the middle 
covered with a yellow or browu fur. The bowels are tender, swollen, and 
drum-head-like; while there is often a diarrhoea, — ^the discharges havinga dirty- 
yellow color. Remedy, page 193. 

ULCER — FEVER SORE.— When the nutrition entirely ceases in any 
I)ortion of the body, the absorbents devour all the skin, flesh and vessels of the 
part— leaving an open cavity, the process of taking away the flesh, &c., is 
idceration; the cavity left is an ulcer. Remedy, pages 99, 101, 236, 237, 

ent parts, especially of the lower extremities, tliere are sometimes seen a num- 
ber of unequal knotty swellmgs, of a deep blue color, occasioned by portions 


of the veins being dilated. The cause of these swellings is the obstruction to 
the free passage of the blood through the veins; hence tumors in the groin may 
cause varicose veins of the legs; and the appearance of such veins is frequent 
in pregnant women, from the enlarged uterus and its contents pressing on the 
large trunks of the veins. Sometimes the complaint arises from general 
debility, and from a sedentary life. When the distention is great, there is con- 
siderable pain; and the veins may be eroded, and cause a great discharge of 
blood; or troublesome and obstinate ulcers may be produced. The pain and 
inconvenience of varicose veins are not great at first, and hence they are too 
often neglected till they become very difiicult to cure. 

The varicose veins of pregnant women go off when they are delivered, 
and require very little treatment, except attention to posture. In other cases a 
moderate pressure by bandages is requisite. An elastic stocking makes a good 
and equal pressure. Remedy, pages 235, 279. 

WATER-BRASH. — Symptoms. — This disease signifies the discharge of 
a thin watery fluid from the stomach, with belchings, and a sense of heat at the 
region of the stomach. It is not unfrequently one of the symptoms attending 
indigestion or stomach complaints, but it sometimes occurs as an original disease. 
It comes on in paroxysms, usually when the stomach is empty. The patient per- 
ceives a pain at the pit of the stomach, with a sense of tightness, and is increased 
by the erect posture. When the pain has continued for some time, it is succeeded 
by belchings, and the discharge of a thin watery fluid, sometimes acid, but gener- 
ally tasteless. The belchings are repeated for a time, and then the fit goes off. 
When the disease has once happened, it is apt to recur frequently for a long 
time afterwards. It is most incident to persons of middle age; and to females, 
sometimes during pregnancy, sometimes when they are afflicted with the 
whites. It is not always connected with any particular diet; but is excited 
often by cold applied to the feet, and by emotions of the mind. Remedy, 
page 229. 

WHOOPING, OR HOOPING COTJQc'H..— Symptoms.— K catching 
or contagious disease, generally caught in childhood, between the ages of one 
and two years; has three stages: first stage, sneezing, cough and mild bron- 
chitis, eyes slightly red, no spittle; this stage may last from three days to six 
weeks. The second stage then sets in, child feels a tickling in throat, which 
brings on a spasm of coughing, with tight feeling across the chest; child will 
put its head on its mother's knees or take hold of some fixed thing to help it 
during the coughing; pulse and breathing during the spasm are slightly faster; 
the sound during the spasm of coughing is called the "hoop" or "whoop." 
The face becomes flushed during this period; as soon as the coughing is over 
the child's face, pulse and breathing become natural again; the child will spit 
out a little frothy mucus; anger, fright, or exertion will bring on the cough. 
This stage lasts until the thirty-fifth day of the disease, when the third stage 
sets in. Spittle turns yellow and is thicker, cough becomes less and is neither 
so frequent nor severe. Rem:edy, pages 125, 126. 

WORMS. — Symptoms. — When a child is afliicted with round worms, the 
face will become flushed and then pale, at irregular intervals; color leaden or 



bluish, lower eyelids swollen, and blue circle around them; thirst, sick stomach, 
vomiting, appetite variable, breath foul, tongue red and covered with points, 
pulse fast and irregular, may have spasms, twitching of muscles, disturbed 
sleep, nightmare, headache, eyes dilated, cross eye, colic, grinding teeth in 
sleep, generally diarrhoea. The symptoms of thread worm are not so pro- 
nounced; there is less fever, colic and nervous symptoms; the itching of the 
rectum is the most marked and prominent symptoms; the thread worm does 
not kill the patient, the round worm may. Never give worm medicine till 
the child has passed worms, and you have seen them. Remedy, pages 134> 
143, 144, 145, 146, 147. 

Remarks. — There are 21 kinds of worms. We shall take up two only, as 
they are the ones usually found. The first, or round worm, is reddish or 
reddish-yellow in color, tapers at both ends, and looks like the common earth 
or "angle" worm; they are prone to move from one place to another in the 
intestines, and may be found in the stomach. Each female worm lays about 
60 million eggs. The thread, maw, or pin worm is white, and looks like a 
piece of white sewing thread; they are found in the large intestine and the 
rectum, where they create intolerable itching. Tape worms inhabit the small 
intestines, and will not be treated of more fully, as no one should try to doctor 
themselves for their removal, but should go at once to their physician. 

YELLOW FEVER.— A dangerous fever, of the remittent and typhoid 
kind, common in the West Indies and America; and, with some little variety, 
occurring, too, often in Spain and Gibraltar. The yellow fever, like many 
others, attacks with lassitude and chilly fits, faintness, giddiness, and flushing 
of the face, thirst, pain in the eye-balls or forehead, pain in the back, scanty 
and high-colored turbid urine; irregular and diminished perspiration; the 
tongue is covered with a dark fur; the bile is secreted in unusual quantity, and 
being forced up into the stomach, is vomited; the skin is hot and dry. As the 
disease advances, the eyes become of a deep yellow, and the face and breast 
are of the same color; there is an incessant vomiting of frothy bile; great 
costiveness prevails, and delirium comes on. The fever sometimes remits so 
much about the end of thirty-six hours, that the patient thinks himself com- 
paratively well; but the symptoms soon return with great aggravation, and 
extreme debility. In the last stage of the disease the debility is very great, and 
symptoms of universal putrescency occur; large livid patches are observed, the 
tongue becomes dry and black, the teeth are incrusted with dark fur, the body 
exhibits a livid yellow, blood flows from the mouth, ears, and nostrils, dark 
and fetid stools are discharged, hiccoughs come on. the pulse sinks, and death 
soon follows. The order and severity of the symptoms vary in different cases; 
some are seized very suddenly, and fall down insensible; others, for a few 
days, have the warning signs of costiveness, defect of appetite, pain in the 
head, yellowness of the eyes, hoarseness and sore throat, lowness of spirits. 
In the great majority of cases there are evident remissions or intermissions. 
All kinds of persons are affected by it, but those principally who are in the 
prime of life; men more frequently than women. People of color have the 
disease milder than others. Remedy^ page 224. 


a. External Jug- 
ular Vein. 

i. Deltoid Mus- 

c. Pectoral Mus- 

cle — Suralus 

d. Latissunus 

Muscl e, or 

e. Transversalis 


/. Crest of Ilium 

e. Sartorius Mus- 

* cle. 

/;. ThyroidGland 

i. Trachea, o r 

k. Right Ventri- 
cle of Heart. 

/. Right Auricle 
of Heart. 

tit. Left Auricle. 

/(.Outline of Per- 
icardium, oi* 
Sac of Heart. 

e. Left Lune- 

/. Right Lung. 


r. Cardiac Orifice 
of Stomach. 

J. Kidneys. 

t. Uretus. 

u. Bladder. 

y. First Ribs. 

z, SubclavianAi. 
tery, (right 
and leftO 

1. Apex of Heart. 

2. Lumbar Glands 
:! Left Ventricle 

of Heart. 
4. Coronary Ar- 
■r. Superior Vena 
■" Cava. (Vein.) 
G. Arch of Aorta. 
7. Left Pulmona- 
ry Artery. 
Right — Vena 
Cava, or la- 
r. Left — Vena 
^ Cava, or In- 

10. Subtlavian 

11. Interna! Jug- 
ular Vein. 

12. Left Common 

13. Brachial Ar- 

14. Pulmonary 

15. Descending 

16. Infer. or Vena 

17. Renal Vein. 

18. Right— Com- 
mon IliacVein. 

19. Left.Common 
Iliac Artery. 

20. Femoral Ar- 
tery and Vein. 

21. Hepatic Veina 

Ds^EiDiO-A-Xi i?,eci:pes. 

SWELLINGS TO BEDUCE — Liniment for. — Rum, spirits of 
camphor and laudanum, each 1 oz. ; mix, shake well and keep corked. Direc- 
tions — Heat the mixture hot (when using) and bathe the swelling thoroughly, 
at least 3 times daily, by pouring into the hand and thorough rubbing in. For 
a pin-scratch, or small pimple, a finger application will be suflBcient. 

Remark. — This is claimed to reduce the worst swelling in a short time. 


1. Dr. White's Remedy, or Liniment for. — Strongest alcohol 
and spirits of turpentine, each 1 pt. ; camphor gum and saltpeter, each 1 oz : 
beef's brine, 2 qts. Dissolve the camphor gum and saltpeter in the alcohol; then 
add the turpentine. Scald and skim the beef's brine, and when cold, add it. 
To be shaken when used. 

Remarks. — Dr. "White, from whom this receipt was obtained, used it ex- 
tensively, and with success, in weak backs and all other spinal affections, 
rheumatism, etc., and also claimed to have cured several cancers with it. I 
have no doubt of its value for general purposes, nor have I a doubt that, if taken 
or commenced early in the appearance of a cancerous growth, it may scatter it, 
and with an occasional active cathartic and the continued use of a good altera- 
tive, they may be cured. 

2. Kerosene, J^ pt., and camphor-gum, 1 oz., cured a friend of mine, with 
whom I was acquainted for forty years; his fingers and hands were set nearly 
shut. Bathing his hands 3 or 4 times daily for 3 or 4 days made decided im- 
provements, and finally cured them. 

CANCER— SUCCESSFUL REMEDIES.— Persons suffering with 
cancers may expect to find the following beneficial: 

1. Take a qt. bowl and fill half to two- thirds full of green sheep sorrel, 
then fill with water; let it stand one hour, then mash to get the strength; to be 
drank daily. Use dry sorrel same as green, only steep in hot water. 

For the Sore. — Use a poultice, made by soaking the sorrel in warm water 
till soft; change often. 

To Make the Salve. — Take a porcelain kettle holding a gallon; fill two- 
thirds full of the sorrel; then fill with water, and boil down to a strong ooze; 
take out the sorrel (pressing or straining, if necessary), and put in freshly made 
unsalted butter or lard; then let it simmer over a slow fire — do not burn it — and 
put in a lump of rosin the size of a hen's egg; when the water is simmered out, 
drain out the salve. Salve prepared in this way, will cure scrofula as well as 
cancers. I know whereof I aflSrm, as I have seen it tried successfully. It takes 
3 83 


perseverance, however, as it is in tlie blood; better that, than to be eaten up with 
either cancer or scrofula. 

2. Take equal parts of sweet fern and the bark off the north side of a 
black ash tree; burn both to ashes; leach and boil down thick; put a piece of 
sheet-lead upon the cancer, with a hole in it as large as the cancer, wet lint in 
the mixture ; put on and place another piece of sheet-lead over that. Let it 
remain till it ceases to pain, when the cancer will be dead ; then make a plas- 
ter of the white of an egg and white pine pitch; put on and cover w Ith a 
warm Indian meal poultice; keep on till it comes out. In the case of the 
man from whom this receipt was obtained, the cancer came out in nine days. 
The poultice must be renewed when cold. 

Remarks. — The idea of the piece of sheet-lead, with a hole in it the size of 
cancer, is to protect the sound flesh or skin from contact with the cancer salve. 
The sorrel water, as in No. 1, or some other good alterative, should be taken 
a reasonable length of time, in the treatment of any cancer, for the purpose of 
purifying the blood. 

3. Cancer — A New Remedy wMch Carbonizes tlie Cancer- 
ous Tumor with but Little or No Pain, and Not Poisonous. — 
Directions — Apply to the surface of the sore the chloride of chromium (a new 
salt of this rare metal), incorporated into stramonium ointment. This prepara- 
tion, in a few hours, converts the tumor into perfect carbon, and it crumples 
away. Specimens of cancers thus carbonized were inspected by a number of 
physicians at a recent meeting held at the N. Y. Medical University, where a 
paper was read on this new method of treating cancer, which had the appear- 
ance of charcoal, and were easily pulverized between the fingers. The remedy 
causes little or no pain, and is not poisonous. 

Remarks. — In small places where this chloride-chromium is not obtainable, 
call in the assistance of a physician, and he will know where to get it; and as 
nothing is said as to how much of the chloride of chromium should be used, I 
would use 1 dr. to 1 oz. of the stramonium ointment, unless it was found by 
inquiry, when obtaining it, to need more or less — watch results. Poultic- 
ing, to remove the tumor, after it is carbonized, would be the proper way to do, 
then use any of the best healing salve. 

4. Cancer— Esmarch's or Oerman Treatment.— I. Fowlei's 
solution, 1 drop, 3 times daily, for three days, then increase the dose 1 drop 
every three days, till intolerance of the remedy follows. Apply the following 
locally, i. e., upon the open sore: 

//. Powder to Sprinkle Upon the Open Sore. — Arsenious acid and muriate of 
morphia, of each 1 gr. ; calomel, 1 dr. ; powdered gum arable. % oz. ; mix. A^, 
first sprinkle only a little powder upon the open sore, gradually increasing the 
quantity to 1 teaspoonful. This overcomes the odor, and causes a hard eschar, 
or scab, to form, and healthy granulation takes place. 

Remarks. — It will be understood that Fowler's solution contains arsenic, as 
well as the powder, and as injury might arise by their use, unless the symptoms 
from poisoning by arsenic are well understood, it would be well, when it is 



used, to have it done by or under the care of a physician, so as to prevent any 
possible injury; although, if properly used, there is everything to encourage 
the hope of great benefit, rather than injury; but it is best, always, to be on the 
safe side, hence this caution. 

5. Cancer, Relief of Pain in. — Dr. Brandini, of Florence, Italy, has 
recently discovered that citric acid will assuage (relieve) the violent pain of 
cancer. He applies to the part pledgets of lint soaked in a solution of citric 
acid, 4 grs. ; dissolved in soft water, 350 grs. (about % oz.), with the result of 
affording instantaneous relief in the most aggravated cases. 
' 6. Cancer, Chromic Acid Found Valuable in. — Prof. John 
King, in his American Dispensatory, more than a dozen years ago, spoke of 
chromic acid being found advantageous in cancers, malignant tumors, ulcers, 

Bamarks. — The word "malignant," as applied to tumors, is generally 
understood to refer to those of a cancerous character, "tending," as Webster 
puts it, "to produce death, threatening a fatal issue," etc., and this fact gives 
me hopes, especially, that the chloride of chromium. No. 3, above, which is 
only another form of the chromium, will do what is there claimed for it, com- 
bined with the stramonium ointment. The acid, however, is being used more, 
of late, than formerly, as the following will show. 

7. Cancer, or Fungous Growth in the Ear— Removed Safely 
with Chromic Acid. — Dr. Tangeman, Professor in the Medical College of 
Ohio, at Cincinnati, in Parke, Davis & Co.'s TJierapeutic Gazette, reports the 
case of a young man of 18, with a running ear. The meatus, or opening into 
the ear, at the bottom was full of pus, or matter; the tympanum, or drum, of 
the ear wholly destroyed, and the inner ear filled with a fungus, or cancerlike 
growth; the boy wholly deaf on that side, the result of scarlet fever. The ear 
was packed with powdered boracic acid, which dissolved in 24 hours, and 
was repacked with the same, and repeated 4 weeks, but the fungus, or lacerous 
growth, had to be removed by a few applications of chromic acid, and the 
opening enlarged by it so they could get to the bones of the ear, which were 
necrosed (destroyed), it being the cause of the discharge. The case was cured. 

Nitrate of silver was formerly used in such cases, but Dr. Tangeman 
thinks its use in ear cases is among the past, and that chromic acid will take its 
place; but, from its activity, must be used with care. It should not be put on 
too freely in any case, as to endanger, or extend to other parts. 

Yet chromic acid will not continue, like other acids, to eat on indefinitely, 
but as a particle of it destroys a particle of flesh, or fungus, it is itself de- 
stroyed. This peculiarity shows its great value over all other caustics or destroy- 
ers known. See its value for warts, under that head. Best to be used under 
the care of a competent physician, or one accustomed to its use, especially in 
cancers where considerable tissue, or fleshy tumors, are to be destroyed. 

8. M. Czartoryski, M. D., of Stockton, Cal., says in the Medical Brief, of 
June, 1884, under the head of " Cancer — California Cure ": 

" I accidentally discovered the secret process, by which an old man, living 
in this vicinity, has had remarkable success in removing cancers. He takes 


■wild parsnip roots (the wild parsnip resembles our table vegetable, but the roots 
are poisonous), allowing them to simmer on the stove until they assume the 
the consistency of paste; then spread on chamois skin, and apply to the cancer. 
At the beginning it will cause severe pain, and the cancer will contract and 
loosen, until it may easily be extracted with its roots. The resulting opening 
can be healed under any liniment or unguent (ointment) " 

The best unguent, he thinks, is balsam of Peru. 

Remarks. — The author rejoices in the hope that, with one or the other of 
these receipts, all cancer sufferers shall be materially benefited, if nou abso- 
lutely cured, adding many years to their lives. 

1. SCIATIC RHEUMATISM.— Successful Remedies.— I. In- 
ternal and Alterative. Fl. ex. of poke root, 1 oz. ; fl. ex. of gelsemium, 1 dr.; 
mix. Dose. — Take 20 drops, morning and evening, in a little water. 

II. Fl. ex. of blue flag, 1 oz. Dose.— Take 15 drops, at noon and beef 
time, in a little water. 

III. Apply externally, along the back part of the thigh, as a liniment, 
tinct. of iodine and aqua ammonia, each 1 oz. ; mix, and rub on thoroughly 
3 times daily. 

I cured a very bad case, with this treatment, for a fat, fleshy woman, in 
about a week's time, who could scarcely move when I took the case in hand. 

2. Sciatica Cured with Electricity.— A very Cheap, Simple 
Battery.— How to Make and Use. — The following case of this disease 
—a bad case — was published in the Physician and Surgeon, of Ann Arbor, 
Mich., by Charles Ferhune, M. D., of that city, for Oct., 1880. 

"An electric battery was constructed, consisting of a zinc and silver plate 
about two inches in diameter, connected by a coil of insulated copper wire 
long enough to allow the silver plate to rest on the front portion of the thigh, 
the zinc resting over the sciatic nerve, on the back part of the thigh. 

"A thin slice of sponge was placed between the platea and the skin, and 
these were kept wet with a strong solution of salt in water. This apparatus 
was retained in its position by means of adhesive straps and rubber bandage. 
It was necessary to change its location every other day on account of the 
irritation caused by the formation of chloride of zinc and electric current. 

"In a week's time the patient was so much better that a battery was 
placed on the left leg also, and these were kept on constantly, except when it 
was necessary to replace the zinc as it would become corroded. September 1st 
she battery was taken off from the right leg, as there was no more pain and 
felt perfectly natural. The battery is still kept on the left leg, which was 
always the worst, simply on account of a little numbness of the toes; other- 
wise this leg also is free from any unnatural sensation. 

"Whenever convenient, I applied the following preparation the whole 
length of nerve; 

"Menthol, 12 grs. ; alcohol, to dissolve the menthol, 7 minims (drops); 
oil of cloves, 1 oz. ; mix. [Menthol is one of the newer remedies, sometimes 
also called Japanese camplior. It is made from a species of mint growing in 
Asia, Japan, and I think in China also. It is in the form of crystals, and 
smells much like peppermint.] 

"Tliis mixture I have known to be of almost immediate benefit in neu- 
ralgic affections. 

" Considermg the lon^ standing of the disease, that it was located in both 
legs, and the patient's habits (addicted to drink), and the great obstinacy and 


severity of Sciatica even under the most favorable circumstances, I feel it my 
duty to report a treatment so simple and easy and which has been of such 
signal service." 

Remarks. — Having inquired into this case, and being well satisfied of the 
value of this treatment; also well acquainted with Dr. Ferhune, and as he 
speaks so favorably of the mixture, or liniment, for neuralgia, it would be 
well to try it for that purpose as well as in sciatica. 

When Menthol is not kept by druggists, use one of the liniments given 

Dr. Chase's Golden Oil (see recipe below), or strong Camphor Liniment, 
or some other — as preferred. The Golden Oil, however, made with capsicum, 
is very strong, and causes a glow of heat wherever it is freely applied. 

3. The Author has several times cured Sciatica by the use of the simple 
Faradic current of the common Faradic "Family Battery," applying the 
positive pole along the sciatic nerve in the back part of the thigh, the negative 
pole at the feet, by means of a foot-plate, with very great satisfaction. Never 
use the current so strong as to cause additional pain, but simply to relieve it. 
Five to ten minutes to each limb, once or twice daily. 

4. External Remedy, or Liniment for Sciatica, Lumbago, 
Stiff Joints, Contracted Cords, Rheumatism, Etc.— Very Suc- 
cessful.— For External Use Only.— FL ex. of aconite root (never of 
the leaf, for these purposes), 12 oz; oil of hemlock, 3 oz. ; sulphate of zinc, 
1 oz. ; strongest alcohol, 1 qt. ; soft or distilled water, 1 qt. Directions. — 
Take at least a 3 qt. bottle and put in the alcohol, oil of hemlock, and extract 
of aconite root together; dissolve the sulphate of zinc in a little water and add 
lastly the water also, shake, always, before pouring out into a smaller bottle for 
use, and always shake before pouring out upon the parts, or into the hand for 
application. I have given it in these large quantities, because it is to be applied 
freely, at least twice daily, in any case, in very painful cases three times a day, 
pouring upon the parts and rubbing in several times at each application. Do 
not get into the eyes, nor is it ever to be taken intemdIXy in any case. 

Remarks. — This is claimed by the person from whom I obtained the recipe 
to have cured stiff joints, as well as the other diseases named. For stiff joints 
I have had no opportunity of testing it, but in sciatica and rheumatism I have 
found it as valuable as he claimed. 

3. Rheumatism— Remedy for External Application.— Cay- 
enne pepper, 2 teaspoonfuls, steeped in 1 teacup of good vinegar, and the parts 
affected to be bathed with it, is claimed to be excellent. After steeping (not to 
boil), strain and bottle for use. It will cause considerable heat of the surface, 
and would, even, if a pint of vinegar were used. Apply 2 or 3 times daily, 
and if limb is very painful, wet cloths in the mixture and wrap around it, as 
long as it can be borne. 

4. Rheumatism— Golden Oil For.— Linseed oil and spirits of tur- 
pentine, of each 8 ozs. ; tinct. of iodine and aqua ammonia, of each 4 02a. ; 
jpIx. shake, and apply as often and as freely as needed. 


5. Inflammatory Rheumatism Remedy. — A mixture of pulver- 
ized saltpeter, % oz-; and sweet oil, J^ pt., is a certain cure for inflammatory 
rheumatism. This mixture must be applied externally, to the part affected, 
and as it can do no harm and costs so little, we advise those afflicted with in- 
flammatory rheumatism to try it. 

6. Rlieum.atic Alterative. — Colchicum seed, anise seed, black cohosh 
root, poke root, blue flag root, bitter root, gum guaiac, prickly ash bark and 
juniper berries, of each % oz. ; mandrake root, 1 dr. ; wintergreen leaves, spear- 
mint leaves, of each 1 oz. ; iodide of potash, 3 drs. ; good gin, 1 pt. Direc- 
tions. — Bruise or grind coarsely all except the iodide, and put into the gin; 
keep corked, and shake daily for 10 or 13 days, strain and press out, put in the 
iodide, or if in a hurry, let it stand 3 or 4 days, then have a druggist to perco- 
late it (straining it drop by drop through a sponge pressed into the small end of 
a funnel-shaped percolator), adding sufficient gin to obtain 1 pt of the fluid. 
Good whiskey will dc, but it is not so good, as gin is more diuretic; add the 
iodide of potash last, dissolved in a little of the liquor. Dose — For a medium 
sized adult, 1 tea-spoonful 3 or 4 times daily in a little syrup, or molasses, with 
a small amount of water. While taking the above use a good liniment exter- 
nally, and the improvement will be more quickly realized. 

7. Rheumatism, Successful Alterative For— The Crutches 
Thrown Away by the Use of Half a Bottle. — Tincts. of sarsapa- 
rilla and quassia, of each 3 ozs. ; iodide of potash, 1 oz.; quinine, 20 grs, ; 
water, 1 pt. Directions — Put all into a quart bottle, and shake when taken. 
Dose— 1 table-spoonful just before each meal. 

Remarks. — The person communicating this recipe, " W. W.," of Inde- 
pendence, Ohio, says: " I was 3 months on crutches, before I took half of it I 
threw the crutches away." It is probable that this amount of the iodide of 
potash may be more than some persons can take, as there are those who can 
not take it in large doses — this will be known by a stiffness of the nose, throat, 
etc. , as though they had taken a bad cold. In such cases lessen the dose to a 
teaspoonful, and next time double the amount of tinctures, else use half the 
amount of the iodide. 

8. Rheumatism, an Alterative Tincture For. — Tinct. of black 
cohosh, 2 parts; and tinct. of colcliicum, 1 part (say the cohosh )^ oz. ; colchi- 
cum. J^ oz.) Dose — Take 20 to 40 drops three times a day in a little syrup. — 
Mrs. E. L. Mills, of Romeo, Mich., in Detroit Tribune. 

Remarks. — Twenty drops for a weak and feeble woman is plenty; 40 for a 
robust man, or even a tea-spoonful would be safe for him to take for a dose. 
While using this alterative internally, apply also any good liniment externally. 

9. Acute or Inflammatory Rheumatism — A New and Suc- 
cessful Remedy. — After a fair trial of the salicylate of soda, in acute 
rheumatism, i. e., in a rheumatism with pain and often swelling of joints, etc., 
from having taken a cold, Uie profession and doctors have come to a very 
favorable opinion of its use for rheumatism, as well as in tonsilitis and sick 
headaches, which see. 



Dr. Clouston, in the June number of the Practitioner, thinks the action of 
the salicylate of soda on acute rheumatism is most marked, as in 63 per cent. — 
63 in 100 — the acute stage lasted only three days; the pain being relieved in a 
few hours, and the remainder of the disease having no serious symptoms; he 
thinks, hovs^ever, its use should be commenced early in the disease, if benefit to 
any extent is to be experienced, and in doses not less than 10 grs. every hour, 
until the pain and severe symptoms are relieved, then less often, 2, 3, or 4 
hours, and finally less amount. Dr. Clouston's recipe is as follows: Salicylic 
acid, 3 drs. ; carbonate of soda, 1% drs. ; syrup of lemon, 1 oz. ; cinnamon 
water to make 8 ozs. ; mix. Dose — A table-spoonful every two hours. — Medical 

Remarks. — The Medical Summary, of New York, says: " The salicylate of 
potash has also been used with success: Salicylic acid, 2 drs. ; bi-carbonate of 
potash, 3 drs. ; water, 2 ozs. ; mix. Dose — A tea-spoonful every 2 or 3 hours." 

10. Confirmatory of the use of salicylic acid; and also of the use of 
flannels, in inflammatory rheumatism, I will add Dr. Bell, of Canandaigua, 
N. Y., whom I met while at Eaton Rapids, Mich., in 1883, said, in speaking of 
inflammatory rheumatism, that his treatment, which had proved successful, 
was to put on flannel shirts and sheets and give salicylic acid, 120 grs. ; acetate 
of potash, 320 grs. ; simple elixir, or simple syrup, and glycerine, each 2 ozs. ; 
well mixed and dissolved. Dose — Take 1 tea spoonful every 2 hours till relief 
is manifested, then 3 or 4 hours apart. John K. Owen, M. D., of Harrisville, 
Ind., confirms the above in the February number of the Medical Brief of 1883. 
but adds 13^ ozs. of sweet spirits of nitre to the mixture, using the same dose. 

11. Rheumatism Internal. — Try the following: 

I, Salicylic acid, 3 drs. ; acetate of potassa, 3 drs. ; fl. ex. cimicifuga (black 
cohosh),4 drs.; wine of colchicum seed, 4 drs.; elixir of ginger, or simple 
syrup, to make 4 ozs. ; mix. Dose — Take 1 tea-spoonful in a swallow of water, 
every 3 hours, until better, then 3 times a day till well. 

II. External. — Alcohol, 95 per cent, (the best). 2 ozs. ; gum camphor, 
2 drs. ; mix, and when the gum is dissolved add: oils of origanum and cajeput, 
tinct. of capsicum and tinct. of aconite root, each 2 drs. ; mix and apply freely 
to the affected parts. — B. Frank Humphreys. 

Remarks. — Here we have an excellent combination of the latest and best 
articles for internal use, and one for external, without going to different parts 
of the book for them. Remember, however, that in inflammatory rheumatism 
the flannel shirts and sheets are exceedingly valuable, and for wetting the 
blankets Miss McArthnr's liniment next following is cheap and good. 

12. Liniment for Inflammatory Rheumatism. — Miss Bell Mo- 
Arthur's recipe is as follows: Spirits of camphor and strong cider vinegar, 
each % P^- ; muriate of ammonia, % oz. ; soft water, 1 pt. ; mix. 

The gentleman, of whom Miss McArthur got the above receipt, said he liad 
known it to cure one of the worst cases of inflammatory rheumatism he had 
ever seen, in a few days, the patient being wrapped in sheets kept wet with lini- 
ment (The expense of this liniment is so trifling, it can be used freely.) Miss 


McArthur's experience with it came in this way: she burnt her hand by acci- 
dentally putting it in a pail of boiling sugar, and it became very painful. She 
thought of this liniment, and as soon as it was applied the pain ceased. She 
tried it in many ways, and found it equally successful. It it is said to be a per- 
fect preventive of sore breasts. Apply warm. Avoid using too near a flame. 
Remarks. — This is undoubtedly an excellent liniment, especially where 
persons have to be wrapped in sheets wet with it, as it is inexpensive and will 
not cause smarting like the stronger alcohol liniments. 

1. LINIMENT— Mrs. Chase's— For Ladies.— Best alcohol, 1 qt.; 
camphor gum, chloroform, laudanum, sulphuric ether, tinctures of myrrh and 
capsicum, and oil of red cedar, each 1 oz. ; oil of peppermint, cloves, cajeput, 
and wormwood, each 14" oz. ; mix, and keep corked for use. 

Remarks. — Mrs. Chase, during the latter years of her life, had occasion to 
use a liniment for rheumatism of the shoulder, and not liking the burning heat 
upon the surface, as experienced when using the stronger liniments containing 
capsicum, nor liking the oiliness of those known as "volatile," made with 
sweet oil, hartshorn, etc., asked me to get up something for her especially, 
avoiding both of these objections. This liniment is the result, and a very satis- 
factory one it proved, not only to her, but her sister who was visiting us, and 
who was afflicted in a similar manner. It has also given very great satisfaction 
in hundreds of cases since its origination. It has been used for all purposes for 
which liniments are applicable, and found very useful. It is applied night and 
morning for cold feet and limbs. For the severer cases of rheumatism in men, 
liniment for stock, etc., see next receipt. 

2. Dr. Chase's Golden Oil, or Strong Camphor Liniment. — 

I. Gum camphor, 2 ozs. ; oil of origanum, hemlock, sassafras, and tincture of 
cayenne, each 1 oz. ; oil of cajeput, spirits of turpentine, chloroform, and sul- 
phuric ether, each % oz-; best alcohol, 1 pt.; mix, and keep corked — as all 
liniments should be when not being used. 

Remarks. — This I consider the best liniment for general purposes ever 
made, and it is a very strong one. This, with No. 1 (Mrs. Chase's) for the 
use of ladies to avoid the warmth or burning sensation of the skin as men- 
tioned, I honestly think would fill the bill in all cases where liniments are 
needed. Still, I shall give a few others for special purposes, and some because 
clieaper than these; and I will further say, this liniment (the main features of 
it) I took from Dr. King's Am. Dispensatory, which I will give, as it is made 
with the capsicum itself in place of the tincture. I have found that for general 
purposes, on the flesh of persons, this is the best plan. I have also added the 
chloroform and ether, which materially help to allay pain externally as well as 
internally. These changes make it the best thing I know of as a "pain-killer" 
for internal as well as external use. 

Dose— The dose may be from 15 drops to a tea-spoonful, according to the 
severity of the case, in sugar or in a little sweetened water or milk : to be 
repeated in 15 to 30 minutes, also according to the severity of pain, griping of 
bowels, etc. 

Externally — For rheumatism, severe pains, etc., it should be poured 


upon the spot, or into the hand and applied, rubbing in well 3 or 4 times at each 
application ; and, if the place allows it, hold the hand upon it till the heat and 
smarting subsides. Do this night and morning, and, if a severe case, at nooo 
also. For exceedingly severe cases of painful rheumatism in men and for stock, 
make it as Dr. King did, by using the capsicum powder as follows: 

II. Best alcohol, 1 qt. ; camphor gum, 4 ozs. ; oil of origanum and hem- 
lock, each 2 ozs. ; oils of sassafras and cajeput, each 3^ oz. ; capsicum in 
powder, 1 oz. ; spirits of turpentine, J^ oz. ; mix, and let stand, shaking daily 
for two weeks, when it is ready for use. Keep it in the stable always, and 
apply for all bruises, swellings, lameness, etc. I have called this Dr, Chase's 
Golden Oil, to distinguish it from one or two other golden oils, which are not 
so strong, and consequently much cheaper. 

3. Liniment— Dr. A. B. Mason's— For Man or Beast.— Best 
alcohol and sweet oil, of each 2 ozs.; aqua ammonia, spirits of turpentine, oils 
cI origanum, spike and gum camphor, each 1 oz. ; mix and keep corked for use. 

Remarks. — Dr. Mason is a cousin of mine, and has used this liniment for 
'\ years, and knows its value for veterinary and general purposes. 

4. Liniment — Robinson's— For Sick Headache, Rheumatism, 
Dolic, etc. — Take a 2 quart bottle and put into it oil of origanum, 2 ozs.; 
rhloroform and sulphuric ether, each 1 oz. ; oils of sassafras, hemlock, winter- 
green, anise, spirits of turpentine, and aqua ammonia, each J^ oz. ; then add 
best alcohol, 1 qt. Keep well corked. 

Remarks. — Mr. L. S. Robinson, of Jackson, Mich., formerly of Western 
New York, where, for many years, he made and sold this liniment, and vari- 
ous other medicines, cured several cases of sick headache with it, in Ann Arbor, 
Mich. He assured me that the person from whom he obtained the recipe 
offered to pay $50 for any case of rheumatism which he could not cure with it 
in 48 hours. It is also valuable for sore throat, to take a little on sugar, and 
apply freely upon the throat and holding the hand upon it while still wet with 
the liniment, till the heat and smarting subsides, or else wetting flannel in it, 
and laying upon the tliroat till quite red, and this mode of application should 
be adapted wherever necessary to use it. It is good for pains and aches of 
every description. Dose — From 15 drops to a teaspoonful, with sugar, accord- 
ing to age and the severity of the colic, or other pain. It has a pleasant flavor, 
is clear and does not soil the clothing. But bear this in mind, that to be suc- 
cessful with any liniment, it must be used or taken freely to get quick returns. 
In nervous headaches it must be applied to the back of the head and neck, as 
well as to the fore part, where the pain is located; snuff the fumes from the 
bottle also freely. A few drops put upon a pin scratch, small pimple, or slight 
burn frequently, will do very well. He recommended its use 3 to 5 times daily. 

5. Liniment, Nerve and Bone, Very Strong.— Oil of spike, 6 
ozs.; spirits of camphor, hartshorn, tincts. of anise and capsicum, oil of cedar 
and origanum, of each 2 ozs.; best alcohol, 8 ozs.; mix. Directions — Shake 
well while using. Bathe the parts affected 2 or 3 times daily, and rub briskly 
•with the hand 3 to 5 minutes at each application. 


Remarks. — This recipe was obtained from Mr. Colman. It is recommended 
for deep difficulties, strains, sprains, sweeney, etc., as it is strong and pene- 

6. Liniment, Mustang. — Crude petroleum, or Seneca oil (so called 
because first gathered and sold by the Seneca Indians), 1 pt, ; olive oil, or lard 
oil and spirits of hartshorn, each 4 ozs. ; oil of origanum, 2 ozs. Directions 
^Mix the olive oil with the hartshorn, then add the others. 

7. Oriental Balm, or Golden Oil Liniment.— Linseed oil (raw, 
not boiled), 1 gal. ; gum camphor, 4 ozs. ; Oils of thyme and cajeput, each 1 oz. ; 
oils of wintergreen and anise, each % oz. Dose and Directions — For an 
adult 1 tea-spoonful in 2 or 3 times as much water, and l^;peat as often as 
required. Use externally 3 or 4 times daily; put on frequently and as soon as 
possible after bee-stings. 

Remarks.— Thh has been sold largely in South Western Michigan and 
Northern Indiana, and is liked very much. 

8. Another Golden Oil Liniment. — Linseed oil (raw), 1 gal.; cam 
phor gum, 4 ozs. ; oils of sassafras, hemlock, origanum, and cedar, each 2 ozs. 
Directions, Dose, etc. — Mix all except the linseed oil, and when the gum 
camphor is dissolved, put in the linseed oil, shake well and bottle; if to be put 
up in small bottles, keep it well shaken while filling. It will be seen that this 
is the strongest liniment, as it contains more of the essential oils, still it may be 
taken in J^ to 1 tea-spoonful doses, with perfect safety. It has been extensively 
sold in the neighborhood of Marshall and Battle Creek, Mich., sometimes there 
called " Oil of Gladness." It will be found good, for a cheap liniment. 

9. Rheumatic Liniment, and for Pain in the Stomach, etc. 
— Donohue's. — Oils of origanum, sassafras, cloves, and gum camphor, each 
% oz. ; chloroform, 34 oz. Directions — Put all into a 3 oz. vial, and fill with 
alcohol; rub on the painful parts freely; take, for pain in the stomach, 5 to 20 
drops on sugar, repeating in 15 to 30 minutes, if needed. This gentleman is an 
old friend of mine, living in Coshocton, O., where, he tells me, he has cured, 
ar materially benefited 50 or 60 cases of common rheuraatisjn. He thinks there 
is nothing equal to it. 

10. Liniments, Patent or Proprietary — Perry Davis' Pain- 
Killer. — Some analysis recently made in the East, and published in the 
Driiggists' Circular, gives the following as the articles composing the medicines 
named: Spirits of camphor, 2 ozs.; tinct. of capsicum, 1 oz. ; gum myrrh, J^ 
oz.; gum guaiac, J^ oz. ; alcohol, 3 ozs. 

11. R. R. R. (Radway's Ready Relief). — Soap liniment, 13^ ozs.; tinct. 
of capsicum J^ oz. ; water of ammonia, % oz. ; alcohol, J^ oz. This for a 50c. 

12. Hamlin's Wizard Oil. — Spirits of camphor, ^oz, ; aqua am- 
monia, 3^ oz. ; oil of sassafras, J^ oz. ; oil of cloves, 1 dr.; chloroform, 2 drs.; 
spirits of turpentine, 3 drs.; dilute alcohol, 3 drs. 

13. Giles' Liniment of Iodide of Ammonia. — Iodine, 15 grs.; 


camphor gum, }4: oz. ; oils of lavender and rosemary, each 1 dr. ; alcohol, % pt,; 
strong aqua ammonia, 1 oz. 

Remarks. — Any of these liniments, which have no directions accompanying 
them, would be used the same as the general run of liniments. 

14. Cure-All Liniment. — Gum camphor, gum myrrh, opium, pulver- 
ized cayenne, and oil of sassafras, each 1 oz. ; oils of hemlock, red cedar, worm- 
wood, spirits of turpentine, and hartshorn, each 3^ oz. ; best alcohol, 1 qt. 
Directions — Cut the opium finely; mix, and shake daily for a week or 10 
days; then strain or filter. 

Remarks. — It will be found a valuable liniment for all purposes for which 
liniments are used. 

15. Lightning Liniment.-'Chlorofonn and ether, each 1 oz.; lauda- 
num, 2 oz. ; spirits of turpentine, 4 ozs. ; mix. 

Remarks. — ]\Ir. Johnson, of Grand Rapids, Mich., says: " Bathe legs, back, 
or any part of the body with it, and it will give immediate relief. Good for 
nervous affections, rheumatism, etc. 

16. Opodeldoc Liniment. — Alcohol, ^vt; camphor gum, ^oz.; 
almond or other good soap, and oil of cajeput, each 1 oz. Directions — Shave 
the soap finely, and put it with the camphor gum into the alcohol and dissolve 
by gentle heat; when cool, add the cajeput oil, shake thoroughly before it sets, 
and pour into large-mouthed bottles, to allow the finger to reach it for applica- 
tion, else it has to be warmed, to pour into the hand for application. 

Remarks — Some people prefer the Opodeldoc Liniment to others, especi- 
ally for paralysis, enlarged joints, indolent tumors, rheumatism, lumbago, chil- 
blains, etc., for which this is recommended, both to arouse the absorbents and 
to stimulate the nerves to action, by which a cure is effected when accomplished 
at all. 

17. Liniment— White's Nerve and Bone. — Gum camphor, oils 
of sassafras, cedar, and origanum, each 2 ozs.; oil of cajeput, 1 oz. ; aqua 
ammonia; 1 oz. ; oil of tar, 3 drs.: sulphuric ether, 4 ozs. ; best alcohol, 3 qts. ; 
solution of analine (red), 10 or 15 drops — to improve the color; mix, and keep 
closely corked. 

Remarks. — Mr. "White is a druggist in Eaton Rapids, Mich., from whom I 
obtained this receipt. He kept this liniment on sale for a number of years. 
This is the liniment I refer to under the head of " Carbuncles." He speaks of 
it as a mild liniment, and the boys using it on their hands while playing ball, to 
prevent blistering, called it " Base Ball Liniment." 

18. Chloroforni Liniment, Especially for Strains, Sprains, 
etc. — Chloroform, 1 fluid oz. ; camphor gum, ^ oz. ; shake together till dis- 
solved, then add olive oil, 1 oz. ; tinct. cantharides, 1 dr. ; keep well corked, as 
chloroform is very evaporative. 

Remarks. — A nephew of mine, from whom I received this recipe, found 
more benefit from it on a strained knee, with which he suffered for two years, 
than any other liniment. Let it be used freely, when used at all, and it must 
do good from the known nature of the ingredients. 


19. " The Best Liniment," for Strains, Bruises, Pains, Colic, 
Headache, Backache, and All Other Aches— Externally.— A. 
Parsons, M. D., of Scottville, Ark., sends the following under the above title, 
to Medical Brief, page 508, of 1883. Chloroform, alcohol, aqua ammonia, 
spirits of camphor and tinct. of aconite root, each 2 ozs. ; spirits of nitric 
ether, 6 ozs. ; mix, keep corked. This is Thompson's chloroform liniment, im- 
proved, and is the best stimulating liniment that I ever met with. Any kind of 
ordinary colic may be relieved by saturating the bowels with it. Its applica- 
tion is very beneficial in all the above aches, and in nearly all cases removes 
them permanently. 

Remarks. — 1 need only say from the nature of the articles composing it 
that it will prove an excellent liniment for external use; but do not take it in- 
ternally, on account of the aconite it contains. 

Winter Itch— Certain Remedy.— B. I. A. Cull, M. D., of Gamilla, 
Ga., page 330 of Medical Brief for 1880, under|the head of "Eureka" (a Greek 
word, signifying I have found it), says: " After a fair trial, in several cases, to 
act as a specific (certain cure), in that disease. Blood root, pulverized and 
steeped in strong apple vinegar, to make as strong as can be made, applied 3 or 
4 times a day, cures the disease." 

1 . BRONCHOCELE— Goitre, or Swelled Neck, to Cure With- 
out Coloring the Skin or Clothing. — Compound tinct. of iodine, 4 ozs. ; 
pure liquid carbolic acid, % dr. ; glycerine, % oz. ; mix. Dikections — Have 
these articles put into a quinine bottle, having a good cork; put a small stick 
into the cork, suitable to tie a cloth swab upon it, with which to apply once or 
twice daily, as can be borne. 

Remarks. — The carbolic acid prevents the iodine from coloring (aqua am- 
monia does the same thing), gl.voerine prevents speedy evaporation, and also 
keeps the skin soft and smooth. Constitutional, or alterative treatment, should 
also be made use of in connection with this local application. Electro-magnet- 
ism has also been found of great value, by hastening the reduction of the 
tumor. Dr. King, of Cincinnati, O., makes use of the following alterative pill. 

2. Eronchocele, or Swelled Neck, Alterative Pill for— also 
"Valuable in All Cases Needing an Alterative. — Oleoresin of blue 
flag (irisin) 1 scru. ; baotisin, 5 grs. ; citrate of iron and strychnia, 80 grs. ; alco- 
holic ex. of aletris farinosa, 80 grs. Directions — Mix all thoroughly together 
and divide into 80 pills. Dose— 1 pill 1 hour after breakfast, dinner and at 

Remarks. — If the treatment is begun soon after the commencement of the 
swelling, a cure may be expected quickly, but if of long standing and some 
hardening of the tumors already commenced, it will require a perseverance, 
perhaps, of several months, to effect a cure. The above tincture will be found 
valuable to apply to any node, or knotty tumors, from bruises or otherwise, 
upon man or beast. 

3. Goitre,Bronchocele, or Swelled Neck— Dr. Mason's Inter- 
xial and External Remedy.— I. Internal — Iodide of potash, 1 oz,; fl. 


ex. of sarsaparilla, 6 ozs. ; fl. ex. of dandelioo, 4 ozs. ; dissolve the iodide in a 
tea-cup of soft water, then add to the extracts, in a bottle sufficiently large, 1 
pint of simple syrup. Dose— 1 tea-spoonful 3^ hour before each meal. 

Remarks. — If in any case this causes a stuffing up of the nose, as is often 
said on taking cold, the dose must be lessened about one-half, or else as much 
more of the extracts and syrup must be added — with some people the iodide of 
potash causes this condition. Occasionally one cannot take it at all ; the extracts, 
then, must be taken without it, but the cure will not be as rapid. 

II. External — Take tinct, of iodine, 2 ozs. ; soft water, 3^ oz. ; sulphite 
of soda, sufficient to remove the color of the iodine from the tincture before 
adding the water, which prevents the coloring of the skin or clothing. With a 
small brush, or swab, paint this tincture, once daily, upon^the swelling, and so 
continue until cured. 

Remarks. — The doctor says: " This remedy needs no recommendation, as 
it has been used by quite a number, and with good results. It was sent to my 
wife by a Mrs. P. M. Avery, of Pennsylvania, but the idea of discoloration," 
he says, " I got from the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal." 

4. Goitre Alterative Syrup, and for All Purposes Requir- 
ing an Alterative. — Fl. exs. of sarsaparilla and gentian, each 1 lb.; iodide 
of potash, % oz. ; corrosive sublimate, 5 grs. Directions — Rub the corrosive 
sublimate in a mortar, with a little of one of the fluid extracts to dissolve it, 
then mix all together. Shake occasionally, a day or so, to dissolve, and pro- 
perly mix the iodide and sublimate. Dose — 1 to 2 tea-spoonfuls, according to 
the age and robustness of the adult, in a little water, sweetened. To be taken 
4 times daily, a little before each meal and at bed-time. 

Remarks. — This alterative has no superior for any general purpose. Some 
people, however, object to the corrosive sublimate, because it is a poison; but 
in the minute division of it into so many doses, it is a very valuable article, as 
an alterative, notwithstanding the objections. It can be left out if you wish, 
and still have a splendid alterative; but it will be better if put in. Having 
used it, and directed it for others, I know whereof I speak. 

1. DROPSY— Syrup For.— Butternut bark, dwarf elder (bark of the 
root), and endives (chicory, also called succory), each 1 lb. ; Indian hemp, J^ 
lb.; black root and dandelion root, juniper berries, yellow dock and burdock 
roots, each ]4, lb. ; prickly ash berries, 2 ozs. ; loaf sugar, 2 lbs. ; pure whiskey, 
3 pts. Directions — The recently dried roots and barks are intended, and 
should be coarsely ground by the druggist; place all (except sugar and whiskey) 
iii a four gallon jar and pour on sufficient boiling water to well cover the 
whole. Set the jar on the back part of the stove, cover with a cloth and plate, 
to keep in the heat, and let it stand 3 or 4 days, to sour; it is not to boil. 
"^SThen a little sour strain and simmer to one gallon, when the sugar is to be 
added, and when cool, the spirits; then bottle for use, Dose — A wine-glass a 
little before meals. 

Remarks. — This recipe was obtained from a Mr. Coleman, who spoke very 
highly of iJ« success. It is diuretic, tonic and alterative, besides its action upon 


the liver by the black root (this is the leptandra virginica, from which the lep- 
tandrin is made), although it is not specially cathartic in its action, and must be 
found valuable. An ounce of essence of wintergreen would make it very 
pleasant to the taste. 

2. Dropsy and Anti-fat Medicine.— M. Milton, M. D.,of DuBois, 
Penn., in a report through the Brief, page 439, 1883, says: 

"He cured a lady patient, having a dropsical tendency, of that difficulty, 
also reducing her weight from 247 to 198 lbs. in 15 days, by the following treat- 
ment: He obtained the juice of poke-berries, and evaporated it by means of 
sand-bath to the consistency of pill-mass, forming into 4-gr. pills, with a little 
powdered licorice-root." 

Dose — Two pills half hour after each meal. In connection with these 
pills he gave i^ gr. of elaterium in solution at night. (If its action on the 
bowels should be so severe as to cause distress, skip a night or two.) By the • 
continued use of these pills alone, for a few weeks, her flesh was reduced to 175 
pounds, and she remained well up to the time of this report, 3 years after. See 
also " Fat People— Food to Reduce their Fleshiness." 

edy or Liniment for. — Alcohol, 1 qt. ; oil of sassafras and hartshorn, each 
2 ozs. ; spirits of camphor and laudanum, each 1 oz. ; spirits of turpentine, J^ 
oz.; tinct. of kino, \^ o^-! "^i^- Dose — For colic, or any severe internal pain, 
from J^ to 1 tea-spoonful may be taken for a dose; to be repeated in i^ to 1 hr., 
according to the severity of the case. 

Bemarks. — This recipe was sent me by Mr. Frank Spurlock (a German), of 
Sedan, Kan. It certainly makes a good liniment for general use, and I give 
it a place, to meet the desire of my German readers; for they, like Americans, 
think their own prescriptions are the best. 

2. Colic — Cure by Quinine.— Dr. N. R. Derby, of Bergen Point, 
N. J., says, in the Medical Recorder, that by accident he discovered that a dose 
of 8 or 10 grs. of sulphate of quinine will speedily put an end to an attack of 
colic. He had had such attacks from childhood, but cured himself and several 
others in this way. This dose is for an adult. I should try it if I had occa- 
sion to do so. 

for. — I. Solid extracts of nux vomica and hyoscyamus, and pulverized capsi- 
cum, each 25 grs. ; podophyllin, and ext. of belladonna, each 10 grs. ; mix 
thoroughly and make into 100 pills. Dose — If very constipated wh^n you com- 
mence taking them, take 2 each night for 1 or 2 nights, or until the bowels 
become easy; then 1 only at night till cured. 

II. Constipation — Hot Water as a Cure. — A cup of hot water, a writer 
says, is a grand tonic and stomach cleanser, and a sure cure for constipation. 
It should be taken night and morning, just before retiring and after rising. 

Remarks. — I have seen hot water recommended for this difficulty before, 
and think it worthy of trial. It is also recommended for dyspepsia, which 


often causes constipation. For the degree of heat and manner of taking, see 
" Hot Water for Dyspepsia." 

2. Constipation or Costiveness— Newer Remedies.— For a few 
years past the fl. ex. of cascara sagrada has been much extolled, and also found 
quite satisfactory in relieving the difficulty, and if properly combined with other 
remedies, has cured very many cases, I have been very successful with the fol- 
lowing combination: 

I. Fl. ex. cascara sagrada, 1 oz. ; tincts. nux vomica and belladonna, each 
2 drs. ; with syrup of Tolu, or syrup of wild cherry, 2% ozs. ; mix. Dose — A 
tea-spoonful 3 times a day till the bowels become easy; then only at bed-time, 
till cured. 

Remarks. — I have succeeded with this when other things, by other physi- 
cians, have failed. 

II. I see that some physicians prefer the following prescription for consti- 
pation: Fl. ex. cascara sagrada, fl. ex. berberis aquifolium and simple syrup, 
each 1 oz. ; tinct. nux vomica, 25 drops, and tinct. digitalis, 1 dr. Dose — A 
tea-spoonful 3 times daily, till the bowels become easy, then drop off morning, 
then noon dose, and finally all, using only occasionally, for a while, till a healthy 
daily action is established. This would be the most valuable in female cases, 
as the berberis is claimed to be a "female regulator," uterine tonic, etc. But 
supposing there is no constipation, although the liver may be inactive in the 
secretion of bile, the stools, or passages, being light, or clay-colored, Hhen I 
would use: 

III. Fl. ex. of fringe tree, 1 oz. ; fl. ex. of berberis, 1 oz. ; adding also, 
as a stomach tonic, fl. ex. wahoo, J^ oz. ; syrup of wild cherry, or Tolu, 1 oz.; 
and the tincts. of nux vomica and belladonna, each 2 drs., as in JTo. 1, above. 
Dose and management the same as in No. 1, till the stools assume their healthy 
color again. 

3. Constipation, More Recent Remedy.— My attention was re- 
cently called to the following, and having a case of constipation on hand, and 
in which the liver did not give the usual amount of bile, giving a tendency to 
jaundice, I at once tried it with the happiest results — entire relief in both diffi- 
culties. The remedy was; Tinct. nux vomica, 1 oz. ; podophyllin, 1 gr. ; the 
podophyllin to be rubbed in a little of the tincture, to insure it thorough mix- 
ing. Dose — Take 5 drops only, before each meal, till the bowels become easy, 
then only 3 drops, or even 2, as required to keep them easy, for a few days; 
after which take occasionally, if needed, by the reappearance of the clay-col- 
ored stools. 

Remarks. — The tincture of nux vomica, in the small doses above given, is 
not only safe but a very valuable medicine, still if left where children can get 
hold of it, and drink the whole bottle, or considerable of it, it is poisonous; 
and hence I give in the next item the treatment for such a mishap, as follows: 

Poisoning by Nux Vomica or Strychnine— Remedy. — Should 
ever poisoning occur by the careless taking of over-doses of tincture of nux, or 


strychnine (which is made from it), twitching of the muscles wHl be the first 
sign, then convulsions, no time should be lost in getting down oils of any char- 
acter, sweet oil is considered best, but lard oil, or melted lard, in doses of from 
1 cup to 3^ pint for an adult answers very well, and strong coffee, and then 
producing vomiting in the quickest way, by mustard, or thrusting the finger 
down the throat after the oils or coffee has been given. A pint of strong coffee 
saved a dog, after it appeared he was nearly dead ; four grains of camphor 
gum has done the same thing — then they are good for persons. It is better, 
however, to put such things out of the reach of children. See, also, "Poi- 
sons, Quick Emetics, Antidotes, etc." 

1. GRAVEL — Remedy.— A strong decoction, made with a handful 
of smart-weed in i^ pt. of water, taken with a gill of gin, is said to have dis- 
charged a table-spoonful of gravel at a time in 12 hours from the time it was 
taken. Keep on taking it daily as long as any gravel is discharged. 

WOMB, RECTUM, ETC. — Witchhazel and Other Specifics, or 
Positive Remedies for. — Hemorrhage, or bleeding from the uterus (womb) 
after child-birth, from the lungs and from the rectum, in some cases of piles, 
are of such frequent occurrence that I deem it of great importance to give the 
latest and most successful prescriptions for hemorrage in these cases. 

Of late the homeopathists claim that the valuable properties of the witch- 
hazel is a discovery of theirs, and they make ado over it in the form of " Pond's 
Extract of Hamamelis." If this is used, give it in doses of 10 to 15 drops, 
repeated every 3 or 4 hours. 

Among eclectics, for many years past, the common witchhazel (hamamelis) 
has been considered a very valuable remedy for hemorrhages or bleeding from 
the internal organs. Prominent among these are Professors John M. Scudder 
and A. S. Howe, of the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati, who consider 
it a specific (positive cure) in all cases of debility of the nervous system — a weak 
and flabby condition that allows the blood to ooze through the membrane. 

Prof. Howe has used this about 30 years, or long before homeopathy had 
become at all prominent in the United States. 

Prof. John King, of the same institute named above, and also an extensive 
medical writer, thinks that in hemorrhages immediately following " delivery at 
full term " hamamelis is not equal to ergot, but in cases arising from debility, 
he agrees with the remarks above — that witchhazel is vastly superior. 

A decoction or tea, made from the bark or from the dried leaves, will be as 
effectual as " Pond's Extract," which is kept by druggists. 

The strenf^th of a decoction will be 1 oz. of dried bark or leaves to 1 pt. of 
water. Dose — A wine-glassful 3 or 4 times daily. 

2. Uterine Hemorrhage — Specifics in. — C. J. Pitzer, M. D., of 
Detroit, 111., a practitioner of over 16 years experience, in a communication to 
the Eclectic Medical Journal, asks for practical items from the experience of 
other physicians, and in giving his own, says: "Cinnamon and erigeron 
are specifics (positive cure) in uterine hemorrhage; I know it by actual 


experience. I don't tell you anything new, but recall your attention to the 
fact and confirm, as far as my evidence goes, what has been said of these 
articles by others. Let me say, while speaking of these invaluable remedies, 
that in uterine hemorrhage you can't have too much confidence in them. 
They are just what you want. Don't resort to ergot. Give oil of erigeron, 
10 drops, every hour, and oftener, if needs be; and between each doze give 
15 drops tinct. oil of cinnamon, made by adding oil of cinnamon, 1 fl. dr., to 
best alcohol, 95 jg 1 fl. oz. I use both remedies in every case, alternating. 
Don't know which does the most good; neither do I care much, so I save my 
patient. Just had a bad case last week, caused by retained membranes. The case 
had been managed by other physicians, and 4 or 5 days after the delivery, the 
hemorrhage was very excessive and threatened the life of the patient in a short 
time. The doctor who sent for me had used ergot, opium, lead and tannin, and 
had resorted to the tampon. I suggested the above named remedies, and com- 
menced the use of them at once. The hemorrhage ceased almost entirely in 4 
hours, and we had no trouble in controlling it afterwards." 

Remarks. — It is facts like these which have now well established the belief 
in the specific, or positive action, of medicines, and I trust that others may 
have sufficient confidence in them to use them when needed. This is one of 
the objects in writing this book, that these well established facts may reach the 
thousands, or hundreds of thousands, of the people, rather than stop with only 
a few physicians. 

3. Hemorrhage from the Womb, With High Pulse and 
Fever. — Being called to a case where an abortion had been performed, in au 
early stage of pregnancy (not knowing for some time after, of the cause), find- 
ing the wasting, or hemorrhage, considerable, I gave: 

I. Fl. ex. of ergot, % oz. ; gallic acid, 40 grs. ; mixed. Dose — J^ tear 
spoonful every 2 hours, until pain and contraction of the womb was produced, 
then once in 4 or 5 hours only, until the wasting ceased. 

II. For the High Pulse — I gave tinct. veratrum vlride, 6 drops, vdth tinct. 
aconite, 3 drops, every 2 hours, alternating with the first, giving the second 1 
hour after the ergot mixture had been given, dropping each into a tumbler, so 
as to get this number of drops, of each, in a tea-spoonful of water, when given. 
For instance, 36 drops of the veratrum and 18 drops of aconite, with 6 tea- 
spoonfuls of water, gave the right dose each time. 

Remarks. — Remember, however, that the veratrum and aconite mixture is 
only to reduce the pulse, which was about 120; when this comes down to 80, 
then give this only once in 4 or 6 hours, to keep the pulse at about this grade; 
if continued too long, it will reduce too much, and also distress and nauseate 
the stomach, which is not necessary, and should always be avoided if possible. 
The strength must be helped up with 2 or 3 grain doses of quinine, or " Dex- 
tro " quinine, in same doses three times daily. 

The urine in such cases may need some attention, and call for acetate, 
or nitrate, of potash (I like the acetate best, some others prefer the nitrate-niter. 


or the sweet spirits of nitre), to correct any disturbance of these organs, for 
which purpose. See ' ' Diuretics " for directions. 

4. Hemorrhage, Slight, of the Lungs, with Cough— Regu- 
lator or Allopathic Treatment For. — I. Give fl. ex. of ergot, 15 drops 
in a little water, putting in a little essence of wintergreen to lessen its bitter 
taste. (The author would say, in such a case, a few drops of essence of cinna- 
mon, which will cover the bitter taste as well as the wintergreen, is of itself 
good for the hemorrhage.) Give the above every six hours. 

II. Between these doses also give gallic acid, 4 grs., in a little syrup of 
lemon. This alternation brings the doses only three hours apart. A few doses 
of each will generally allay any slight hemorrhage. If the cough is pretty per- 
sistant, i. e., continuous and irritating, give laudanum, 15 drops, once in 4 or 5 
hours, and 25 drops at bed-time, to allay the cough and help in procuring sleep. 
Give also laxatives, if needed, to prevent costiveness. 

Remarks. — I know this treatment to have proved eminently satisfactory 
when the hemorrhage was not very extensive. 

5. Hemorrhage, or Bleeding From Slight Cuts, etc.— Simple 
ilemedy. — To stop the flow of blood bind the cut with cobwebs and brown - 
sugar, pressed on like lint. Wheat flour and salt, in equal parts, bound on with 
a cloth, for man or beast; mix well, without wetting, the blood will wet them 

Treatment for Hemorrhage. — Soon after the above was written we 
had the value of the cobweb treatment confirmed, by the Toledo Post, in a case 
of a lady of that city, who had a tooth drawn; hemorrhage from the cavity set 
in and continued, in spite of all common remedies, from Saturday noon until 3 
o'clock Sunday morning, when the cobweb was procured and applied and the 
bleeding stopped by this move, leaving her very weak. 

7. Hemorrhage from Wounds— Styptic Colloid, to Prevent 
and Cure. — The following will instantly coagulate blood, forming a con- 
sistent clot, under which wounds will readily heal: Collodion, 100 parts (grs.); 
carbolic acid, 10 parts; tannic and benzoic acids, of each 5 parts; mix the 
ingredients in the above order. 

Remarks. — If the wound is so large that a slight application does not stop 
the hemorrhage or bleeding, wet lint with it and bind on if necessary, and leave 
on until the healing process is accomplished. 

1. DIPHTHERIA — Successful Remedies. — My first remedy, 
although simple and easily obtained, is from a paper presented to the French 
Academy of Medicine by Dr. Revillout, who asserts from an experience of 18 
years, that: 

I. Lemon juice is one of the most efficacious medicines that can be applied 
in Diphtheria, and relates that when he was a dresser in the hospital, his own 
life was saved by this timely application. He got a quantity of lemons and 
gargled his throat with the juice, swallowing a little at a time in order to act an 
the more deep-seated parts. 


It Is also recommended for any inflammatory or irritable coi>^tion of the 
throat in their commencement. 

II. Lemon juice in Diphtheria is endorsed by American physicians, as the 
following will show. Let it be tried by all means. 

Dr. J. R. Page, of Baltimore, in the New York Medical Record, invites the 
attention of the profession to a topical use of fresh lemon juice as a most effici- 
ent means for the removal of the membrane from the throat, tonsils, etc., in 
diphtheria In his hands (he has heard several of his professional brethren say 
'the same) it has proved by far the best agent he has yet tried for the purpose. 
He applied the juice of the lemon, by means of a camel's hair pr(>>)ang (a piece 
of cloth on a stick will do as well), to the affected parts every 2 or 3 hours, and 
in eighteen cases on which he has used it the effect has been all he could wish. 
A little remarkable — one has 18 years successful experience, the other 18 cases; 
either is enough. 

2. DiiAtheria — Ice a Successful Bemedy for. — The French 
have also been very successful in the use of ice as a remedy in Diphtheria, 
which was introduced into this country by a Dr. Chapman, repoited through 
the New York Tribune, by which means it was brought to the notice of the 
Oneida community in that state, where the disease was prevailing, and was suc- 
cessful in 60 cases. They aroused the mind of the patients, old enough t<? 
understand the necessity, to the greatest possible resistance to the advance of 
the disease. This determination of resistance is valuable against the advance of 
any disease. Directions — The ice is broken into small pieces and ^ven to the 
patient every ten minutes, night and day. 

3. Diphtheria, Cvire For.— A Mrs. R. S. K., of Toledo, Ohic, give? 
the following cure for diphtheria to the Blade Household: I. Syrup of squills, 
1 oz. ; gum camphor, }^ oz.; laudanum, 3^ dr. ; cayenne pepper, J^ tea-spoonful; 
good whiskey, J^ pt. Directions — Camphor to be dissolved in as small a 
quantity of alcohol as possible. Four large onions are to be cut in slices, put 
into a deep earthen plate (that will stand heat), sprinkle thickly A\ith loaf sugar, 
cover with another plate, place a heated flat iron on the upper plate, leaving it 
set on the back of the stove. Heat and pressure will extract all the juices 
without losing any of its medical properties. All the juices thus extracted are 
to be mixed with the other ingredients ; when all are mixed together and the 
camphor added, it will curdle; but when it stands awhile, it will become clear. 
Dose — For an adult, 1 tea-spoonful every 3^ hour; for a child, ^ tea-spuonful 
everj' J^ hour; to be diluted for a child, as it is pretty strong. 

II. Apply also the following: Salt pork, j4 lb , and 2 large onions; chop 
all together finely and put some upon the throat. For an infant place a thin 
piece of muslin on the poultice next the skin; change every 15 or 20 minutes 

Remarks —A poultice of mashed onions to the arm-pits, stomach, soles of 
the feet and palms of the hands, in bad cases of fevers, has worked wonders. 
Why not good then for diphtheria? 

4. Diphtheria, Sulphur Treatment. — Our attention was first called 
to the use of sulphur, in this disease, by a report from Dr. Fields, in England. 


fle found an advantage in its use, in some bad cases within ten minutes of its 
commencement. His manner of using it with those old enough, was in the 
form of a gargle, a tea-spoonful of the powder, or flour of sulphur, in a wine 
glass of water, gargling frequently. If the patient was unable to gargle, or 
too young, blow some of the dry sulphur through a quill upon the diseased 
parts of the throat, or burn some of the sulphur upon live coals near the pa- 
tient, so that he will inhale the fumes. The patient should always be kept 
warm and the bowels open. In extreme cases, when Dr. Field was called, just 
in the nick of time, when the fungus was so near filling the throat, as not to 
allow the gargling, he first blew the sulphur through the quill into the throat, 
and after the fungus had shrunk to allow of it, then the frequent gargling. He 
never lost a patient from diphtheria under this treatment. He recommends 
after gargling a couple of times, to cleanse the throat, to swallow some of the 
sulphur water occasionally, so as to reach the fungus deeper in the throat, which 
also has a tendency to keep the bowels open, which is recommended a very im- 
portant point to accomplish. This fungus is believed to be a living parasite, of 
plant-like growth, and that sulphur is absolutely destructive to them, as has 
been proved by its use, by applying upon the parasites of the grape vine. It 
has been proved that sulphur kills every fungus or parasite on man, beast, or 
plant. One Dr. Langautiers also found that one tea-spoonful doses every hour, 
of a mixture of sulphur, in 4 ozs. of water, taken every hour, is very beneficial 
in the treatment of croup. 

5. Diphtheria, Specific for— Also Scarlet Fever, and Preven- 
tive in Both. — The best physicians of New York city, Brooklyn and Phila' 
delphia are equally in favor of the sulpho-carbolate of soda. 

[The sulpho-carbolate of soda is composed of soda combined with sulphur 
and carbolic acid, either of which alone is good in diphtheria, scarlet fever and 
any other inflammatory condition of the throat, and the combination is more 
decidedly beneficial than either would be alone; at least it seems so to me from 
my knowledge of their properties. ] 

Dr. May, of New York city, says the sulpho-carbolate of soda is a specific 
(positive cure) in diphtheria, also in scarlet fever, and claims that this article is 
a preventive to the development, even after exposure, as well as a cure for both 
these diseases. The writer of this report is very much impressed in favor of 
this article. He says: 

"The use of sulpho-carbolate of soda in diphtheria has become a settled 
fact by the best physicians, as above named, to be the only certain specific (pos- 
itive cure), for that dreaded disease which has taken off so many children in the 
United States during the past 8 years. He also says it is certain to destroy the 
parasitic fungus in the throat and glands in two hours. 

" Ten grs. dissolved in a tumbler half full of cold water, and take from J^ 
to 1 tea-spoonful every hour, until the parasite is destroyed; then take 1 tea- 
spoonful every 2 or 3 hours, according to the circumstances of the case. There 
is no use in pliysicians fighting against this remedy, for they will have to ise it 
if they have success in the treatment of scarlet fever and diphtheria. It is a 
specific in both diseases, as they are both zymotic (acting like a ferment, 
spreading quickly through the system) in their nature, and are produced by the 
parasite in the system. It will prevent both diseases, if given before an attack, 
9& well as a remedy. This remedy has been used for scarlet fever and diphtheria 





for over 3 years, and if given before gangrene (mortification) sets in, ■will work 
■wonders in every case. It was discovered by an English physician, and has 
grown into favor as a specific ever since, particularly with children. 

" The trichina parasite of pork, as soon as it enters the stomach, is absorbed 
by the blood, then into the muscles of the body. It is not so with the diphtheria 
parasite; it is generated in the stomach, and when it spreads up the oesophagus 
(comes from Greek words, signifying to bear, to carry and to eat; being the 
passage way of the food and drink to the stomach, commonly called the gullet), 
it produces such a high state of inflammation that gangrene sets in, which dis- 
solves the parasite, and carries it all through the blood, which is always fatal. 
Gangrene always dissolves the parasite, but before that takes place the use of 
the sulpho-carbolate of soda will save every case. I have written these lines by 
special request of very many citizens and friends who desire it made public for 
the benefit of all." 

Remarks. — I am only sorry that I have not had an opportunity to test this 
myself; but, as I have not, I can only say to physicians, and heads of families, 
try it, by all means. Whenever either of these diseases gives you an opportunity, 
have it on hand and lose no time in beginning its use. 

6. Diphtheria — Chlorine Water a Specific for. — At a recent 
breaking out of Diphtheria in a considerable number of places, which was also 
alarming in its fatality, the Springfield Republican, in commenting upon the 
fact, called attention to some remedies which have entirely divested this fearful 
disease of its terrors, if applied in the early stages. Among these it claimed 
the most simple and effective to be chlorine water, diluted by adding 
2 to 4 times the amount of water. A well known physician of that city, the 
Republican asserts, has used this specific conclusively for fifteen years ■with 
complete success, pre'vious to its use having lost about half his cases. He 
repeatedly, by its use, eradicated the disease in different places, when all other 
remedies failed. Another medical writer claims that the chlorine water and 
sulphur treatments, as given above, are the only positive cures. Dose — 1 to 3 
tea-spoonfuls, largely diluted with water, 2 or 3 times daily; also as a gargle 
in sore throat, even of a putrid character. 

Remarks. — To give confidence to those who are not acquainted ■with the 
uses of chlorine water, I will say it is powerfully antiseptic (overcoming putre- 
faction), quickly destroying all bad odors arising from decay. It has been suc- 
cessfully used internally in chronic inflammation of the liver, typhus fever, 
malignant sore throat, scarlet fever, etc. 

7. Diphtheria — Successful Remedy in Forty Cases — Also 
Preventive. — Dr. MacLean, of Norwalk, Ct., recommends the following a? 
a preventive of diphtheria, remarking: 

"During the past 4 years I have used it, and in 40 well marked cases oi 
diphtheria, wliere 140 persons were exposed to a contagion, not a single case 
lias been reported to me. I use 1 dr. of Monsel's salt in 8 ozs. cold water, add- 
ing plenty of sugar to overcome the taste of the iron. Dose — 2 to 8 tea-«!poon- 
fuls each day, according to the violence of the disease." 

Remarks. — The dose would be 1 tea-spoonful, 2, 3 or 4 hours apart, as the 
case may require. 

8. Diphtheria, Sore Throat, Swollen Tonsils, Etc.— Home- 
opathic Remedy. — Bin -iodide of mercury, 10 grs.; sugar of milk. 100 grs.' 


triturate (rab) together 30 minutes in a wedgewood mortar. Then take 10 grs. 
of this triturated article and 100 grs. more of sugar of milk, and triturate again 
as before. Dose — Give 1 gr. of this second trituration every hour in ordinary 
cases; if a bad case, give the same amount every 15 to 30 minutes, until relieved; 
then every hour or two, as needed. A few doses makes the cure. 

Remarks. — Dr. Mason used this a number of years, and very successfully, 
on some very bad cases. The above is the Homeopathic treatment, except 
some of them use in addition to this a gargle, every hour, of % alcohol and 
J^ water. 

9. Diphtheria, Dr. Scott's Treatment for.— After the foregoing 
recipes had been prepared I noticed Dr. W. A. Scott, of Sandyville, Iowa, 
reported through the Chicago Inter-Ocean his success with the following treat- 

I. Dissolve 20 grs. of pure permanganate of potassa (permanganate of 
potassa is a powerful disinfectant, also a great purifier of sick rooms, clothing, 
etc.) in 1 oz. of water, and apply it to the affected parts with a swab, gently, 
but thoroughly, every 3 hours, until better; then not so often. (Better get 80 
grs. in a 4 oz. vial of water.) After the patient gets better weaken the solution 
by adding an equal quantity of water. This solution does not give any pain, 
nor is there any danger in its use, but it has a nasty taste, which is its only ob- 
jection. (Its staining clothing is another objection.) 

Prof. King, in his American Dispensatory, says: 

" One dr. of permanganate dissolved in ^^ oz. of water, in a saucer, and 
placed under the table, bed or other convenvient place destroys all odors. An- 
other writer in speaking ot permanganate of potash to purify the air of sick 
rooms says: }4, o^- ^^ ^^< ^^ water, 1 qt. , and cloths wet in it and hung up, is a 
quick and certain disinfectant. For disinfecting or cleansing clothing of diph- 
theritic, scarlet fever or small pox patients, bedding, etc., 1 oz. of the perman- 
ganate to 2 gals, of water is sufficient to soak them in, an hour or two, before 
the boiling and washing in the regular way. 

II. " Apply a good liniment to the throat outside, 3 or 4 times a day. (Dr. 
Chase's golden oil or liniment, or Mrs. Chase's, will be found good for this pur- 
pose.) Keep a cotton cloth, not woolen, around the throat till well. The above 
IS all I use in simple cases, and all that is needed. 

III. "If there is much fever I mix 5 drops of fl. ex. of aconite root 
with 4 ozs. of water, and give to a small child J^ tea-spoonful ; a child 5 to 10 
years, % tea-spoonful; 10 to 15 years, 1 tea-spoonful; over that age, 2 tea-spoon- 
luls. Give every 1 or 2 hours, as may seem needed, to lessen the fever. 

rV. " If there is blood poisoning, which maybe known by the bad smell- 
ing breath and quick beating of the heart, give: Chloroform, 1 fl. dr.; comp. 
Bpts. lav., 1 dr.; alcohol, 1 oz. ; mix. Dose — Five to 20 drops, according to the 
age, mixed in cold water, every % to 2 hours, as may seem necessary. This 
will quickly quiet the heart's tumultuous action and aid it to throw off the 

V " Do not give harsh physics. If needed, give castor oil or purgative 
magnesia. Keep the patient from exposure to chilly air or cold baths. This 
treatment, which I have published in several medical journals, will rob this 
disease of its terror and save from the grave many a loved one." 

Remarks. — Let the medicine be obtained where there are families of chil- 
dren, so as to have it in the house as soon as needed, on the approach of the dis- 
ease into a neighborhood. Then when it begins, lose no time in applying the 
remedy, aud the different aids he recommends, if needed. 


10. Diphtheria— Latest Allopathic Treatment For.— In a re- 
cent conversation with Dr. Haney, of Toledo, Ohio, he claimed to cure every 
case of diphtheria, even in small children, by swabbing the throat with cal- 
omel; for quite a young child he gets 10 grs. into the throat, by a swab, and 
a child 5 to 8 years, 20 to 30 grs., so it will be swallowed. He says it stops 
the change in the blood, by which the fibrinous portions form the membrane 
in the throat. He follows 3 or 4 hours after with the liquid physic (see ' ' Liquid 
Physic"), to help carry off the accumulation of the intestines; and then supports 
the strength with liquid food of a nourishing character. He is a successful 
physician, and claims not to have lost an average of one child a year for 
the eleven years, practice there; and I know he has a good share of practice 
among the children. I have also seen accounts in a recent medical journal, 
by some allopathic physicians, that they have been using calomel very simi- 
lar to Dr. Haney, in this disease. Therefore I have not dared to pass it by 
■without mention, as it may save many lives for future usefulness. 

11. Diphtheria— Remedy by the French Academy of Medi- 
cine. — ' ' The vapor from the burning of a mixture of tar and spirits of turpen- 
tine, near the bed, it is said, will dissolve the false membrane which is so often 
fatal in this dreadful disease. If this simple remedy is complete, as the French 
Academy of Medicine is said to have declared, it should be widely published." 
American Messenger, October, 1884- 

Bemarks. — Notwithstanding there are two "is saids" in this, yet, as it is 
simple, and would not interfere with any other treatment, and obtaining it from 
a purely religious paper, which seldom touches anything of this kind, I have 
felt, from the knowledge of love of the effects of these articles, it should 
have my help on its way to a wider publication. Equal parts should be used, 
although they do not so state, thoroughly mixed, and pour a few drops from a 
tea-spoon upon hot coals, to keep up the fumes, is all that is needed. 

Blistering in Diphtheria— History of a Case at Black Rock, 
N. Y., Saved by It. — In the December number, 1884, of the Tlierapeutic 
Oazette, of Detroit, Mich., F. W. Bartlett, M. D., of Buffalo, reports the case of 
a man about 45 years old, to whom he was called, and who was very sick at the 
time, and continued to get worse for four days, when he considered it hope- 
less from the condition of the throat, and so informed his patient, who took 
it calmly, but asked to have something done to relieve the suffering of the 
stomach, for which he directed his wife to dip cloths in hot water, and 
wring out, then put on a few drops of turpentine, to be applied over the 
bowels; but in the confusion of such a case, expecting to lose her husband, 
she heated the turpentine, and saturated flannel with it, and laid it on, which he 
bore as long as he could, then violently flung it across the room, saying he 
"would rather die than suffer such agony." And when the wife saw what 
an inflammation she had caused, covered it with fresh lard, and waited the 
doctor's morning call; who found a blister {vesication, as M. D's most call it) a 
foot square, covered with a diphtheritic exudation, the throat better, and the 
patient saved. All I have to say further is, let others make similar mistakes 


In bad cases, and save their patients too. In other words, draw a blister in the 
regular way, in time, not to let the throat get beyond control. I would put a 
blister on both arms, breast and bowels too, if I thought it necessary to save 
my patient's life. 

12. Diphtheria, to Avoid by Diet — Pork Believed to be 
the Exciting Cause. — With an explanation as to this exciting cause of 
diphtheria, I will close the subject, having given a large number of the most 
popularly known remedies, although there are many writers who think thst the 
abundant use of pork in our diet is a very fruitful source of this disease, I shall 
only quote from one. A recent medical correspondent of the Lancaster New 
Era argues at considerable length: " That eating of pork is an inciting (arousing, 
stirring up,) cause of this terrible disease." His idea is that an unhealthy 
appetite is created by the use of so much pork, in the every-day diet of the 
country, until the specific pork poison is manifested in the exudations depos- 
its from the blood into the throat, which is the characteristic symptom in this 
disease. lie especially advises parents not to allow their children to diet on 
pork, nor sausage, but fruit and vegetables in greater abundance. 

Remarks. — Although beef, veal, lamb, chicken, etc., may be allowed to 
children generally, yet it would be well for parents during the prevalence of 
diphtheria in a neighborhood, to put their children upon a bread and milk and 
vegetable diet exclusively, lest their loss might be charged home to their neg- 
lect, which would not be a pleasant thought for after-consideration. 

13. Diphtheria— Closing Remarks Upon. — The author leaves the 
subject with his readers, believing that he has presented a larger number and 
more reliable remedies or recipes for the cure and prevention of diphtheria 
than are to be found in any other publication whatever; he also believes that if 
these recipes are well studied, and one or more of them adopted by the heads 
of households containing young children, and the articles obtained and kept oa 
hand ready for use, night or day, nothing like the fatality will hereafter 
take place from diphtheria, as has heretofore been the case. I feel certain 
that there can be no drug store where some of the articles mentioned may 
not be obtained. Then the responsibility rests with each one who shall 
have this knowledge, and yet neglect to use it. The author has done his duty, 
which is a great consolation to him. The same will also hold good upon many 
other subjects in this work. See " Disinfectants," to prevent this disease from 

1. SORE THROAT— The Good Old Grandmother's Gargle 
for. — Steep 1 medium-sized red pepper in i^ pt. of water, strain, and add J^ pt. 
of good %nnegar, and a heaping tea-spoonful, each, of salt and pulverized alum, 
and gargle with it as often as needed. 

2. Sore Throat, New Gargle for.— In all recent inflammations, or 
colds, affecting the throat, a gargle made by putting a heaping tea-spoonful of 
the bi-carbonate of soda (common baking soda) into a glass of water, and gar- 
gling with it frequently, will be found exceedingly valuable. A tea-spoonful, or 
a little more, of it swallowed, will quickly relieve a tickling cough; also neu 


tralize the acidity of the stomach often arising after meals, water-brash, etc. 
But if it should irritate, weaken one-half or more. 

3. Sore Throat— Heat Strong Tea as a Gargle for Speedy 
Relief in. — It is well to know that sore throat can be speedily relieved by 
using strong, hot tea as a gargle. It is a convenient remedy and rather a 
pleasant one. 

Remarks. — Hot water has proved valuable in many diseases of late, as dys- 
pepsia, consumption, etc., taken internally before meals, which see, for these 

4. Sore Throat and Catarrh— Gargle for.— Comp. spirits of 
lavender. 3^ oz., into a 4 oz. vial; put in also the carbonate of ammonia, 20 
grs. ; fill with distilled, or rain water. 

Directions. — Put 1 teaspoonful of this to % cup of warm, soft water and 
gargle vdth it two or three times daily ; and if any catarrh, or nasal inflamma- 
tion, put into the hand, what it will hold, and snuff into the nostrils at each 
time. After the gargling and snuffing, a little vaseline, or cosmoline, mutton 
tallow, or some sweet oil, or sweet almond oil, should be introduced into each 
nostril with the finger. 

Remarks. — Follow this course faithfully, and for a considerable time, in 
catarrh, if any good is expected to result; also use occasionally some good 
cathartic to act freely, together with an alterative and tonic course of medicine. 

5. Sore Throat, Common Gargle for.— For common case of sore 
throat, a valuable gargle can generally be made at almost any dinner table. 

Directions. — Take % pt. tumbler, or common goblet, and put into it a 
small salt cellar of salt (about 2 tea-spoonfuls), Vi tea-spoonful of black pepper, 
and a little cayenne (3 or 4 little taps on the bottom of the cruet, or pepper-box 
containing it, will be sufficient; a tea-spoonful or two of pepper-sauce, if on the 
table, is better than the cayenne powder), then fill the tumbler with cider vine- 
gar and water, equal parts, stir well, a few times, and gargle with it often. 

Remarks. — If you have alum and borax in the house, about J^ tea-spoon- 
ful of each, pulverized, may be put in, or if only one of them, 3^ tea-spoonful 
will improve the gargle. (Other gargles will be found in connection with the 
subject of diphtheria.) 

6. Sore Throat, Several Simple Remedies for. — The follow- 
ing are some of the most common, or simple, remedies for sore throat, easily 
obtained and often effectual: 

I Salt and water is used by many as a gargle; but a little alum and honey 
dissolved in sage tea is better. 

II. Others, a few drops of camphor on loaf sugar, which very often 
affords immediate relief. 

III. An application of cloths wrung out of hot water and applied to the 
neck, changed as often as it begins to cool, has great potency in removing in- 
flammation in recent cases. 

IV Borax the size of a pea in the mouth relieves hoarseness quickly 
(See also hoarseness, bronchitis, etc., for other remedies.) 


SORE ITOSE — Akin to Erysipelas — Certain Cure.— I had a 

case of sore nose, a very bad case, which nothing in the ordinary line of trea^ 
ment would benefit at all, except for a very short time. The sufferer would 
cry out: " Cannot something be done to relieve this intolerable suffering," 
etc. Directions — I prepared a little stick, 3 or 4 inches in length, and wound 
it vdth 3 or 4 thicknesses of cotton cloth, wrapped with thread, and dipped this 
Into the full strength muriated tincture of iron, and held it firmly, for J^ min- 
ute, or so, to each spot, and over the inflamed nose, and to the inner edges, 
where it was sorest. The first moment or two it smarted like fire, but I held 
it the more firmly and said never mind that, it won't be so bad next time. 
So night and morning, for 3 or 4 days, then once daily as much longer, made 
a perfect cure — now over 6 months, without the least return and no sign of 
soreness remaining. I should continue to apply for a month or more, if ne- 
cssary, or until cured. I gave him also internally 5 drops of the same tinc- 
ture 3 times daily in a little water. Of course he had an iron-colored nose, but 
a piece of lemon rubbed on a few times soon removed that ornamental shade 
and left him all right again, the same as it will remove recent iron rust spots 
from clothing. 

Sore Fingers of Printers, etc., to Cure and Blood Blisters 
to Prevent. — I. Generally a compositor's (type-setter's) sore fingers result 
from lye, low cases, splinters, scratches in handling brass rule, paper cuts, type 
poison, etc., and often occasion loss of time, expensive doctoring and great 
pain. For these sores a correspondent writes: " I have never lost an hour from 
business, nor been put to more than a trifling expense. Plentiful and frequent 
application of laudanum has been my panacea (cure all). It also cleanses, re- 
moves the soreness and rapidly heals old sores." 

II. Blood blisters may be prevented from forming by immediately rub- 
bing the bruise briskly with any non-poisonous hard substance. — London Pho- 
netic Journal. 

Rtmarks. — The fact here given as to the curative action of laudanum upon 
8ore fingers, and old sores, is that laudanum alone would be valuable upon all 
ordinary chaps, or cracks upon the hands, lips, etc. , no matter from what cause 
they may have arisen, as the opium relieves the pain, and the alcohol in it stim- 
ulates the parts to heal. 

CARBUNCLE— Treatment Which Saves Pain and Soreness 
— Also Applicable to Boils. — Having just passed through a three weeks, 
siege with a six hole carbuncle, I feel competent to tell others how I saved 
myself much pain, soreness and suffering, although it is bad enough when all 
has been done that can be done for relief. 

"What it might have proved without my mitigating treatment, I do not 
know; it was the agony that compelled me to adopt some plan of relief; hence 
I took: 

I. A mild liniment, Mrs. Chase's, given in this book (any mild liniment 
•will do), 2 ozs. ; chloroform, 1 oz. ; laudanum, 1 oz. ; mixed. Shaken, when 
used, and applied every hour or two, night and day. There were only short 


catches of sleep for about two weeks; after which, an hour or two was occa' 
Bionally obtained. 

After applying the above mixture freely at each time, I then applied the 
following anodyne, emollient, or softening mixture: 

11. Sweet oil, 7 drs. ; laudanum, 1 dr. ; mix. The application of the fore- 
going mixtures would relieve very much of the agonizing pain, even before I 
would be done applying the first; and the second kept the surface soft, as well 
as to help keep down the pain. (The same thing will be just as effectual for 
boils, I have not a doubt.) The situation was such that no poulticing could 
have been done, if desired, to hasten it; and even if it could, I have never 
known one under the poulticing process to subside in less than 5 or 6 weeks, 
while by the above process nearly all the pain and soreness subsided in 3 weeks. 

At one time I thought it was going to repeat itself: but by the application 
of the permanganate of potash, 1 dr. to 1 oz. of water, applied by rolling up a 
strip of cotton cloth, and tieing a bit of cord around it in the centre, the size of 
the roll being just to fill the mouth of the vial, by which means I could wet 
one end of the roll of cloth without spilling it upon the clothing (permanganate 
colors the clothes), and apply to the swelling, it was driven back, or scattered, 
and by taking an active cathartic dose of crab-orchard salts (any active cathartic 
will do the same) it was carried out of the system. 

2. Carbuncle, Specific for. — R. H. Johnson, in the Medical Beview, 
Bays, he has found tannin a specific for carbuncle. He sprinkles the tannin 
upon the openings as long as it will dissolve; and 24 hours after washes off with 
castile soap, and sprinkles it again. He claims it to soon heal up with but little 
pain. It is worthy of trial, as it can do no harm. 

BOILS.— Remedy Against their Continuance.— Prof. Scud- 
der, in his work on Specific Medication, speaking of lime, says: Its specific 
use is in cases of furunculus (boil), and other inflammations of the cellular 
tissue (the cell-like tissue immediately under the skin) terminating in suppura- 
tion. Why it has this specific influence I do not propose to say, but I have 
proven it in scores of cases. Taken in a case in which boils are continually 
developed, the use of lime water will effect a radical cure. [The proper 
strength for lime water to be used in these cases, in fact, in all cases, is: stone 
lime, 4 ozs.; distilled water, 1 gal., or in these proportions. Slack the lime 
with a little of the water, then pour the rest of the water over it and stir; cover 
the bowl and set aside for three hours; then bottle and keep the liquor upon the 
lime, well corked, and use only the clear liquid as wanted.] See " Milk Diet for 
Infants and Adults.". Dose— It is given in doses of a wine-glassful, 3 or 4 times 
a day. If too alkaline use additional water. 

This lime water is often very properly used with the milk fed to infants 
which have to be raised upon the bottle; a tea-spoonful to a bottle of milk, or suf- 
ficient to prevent acidity of the stomach; and it is also valuable in Dyspepsia in 
adults when there are acid eructations of gas, or, as commonly called, belching or 
rifting of wind from the stomach, after eating. Dose — For adults in these 
dyspepsia cases, 3 or 4 table-spoonfuls to a bowl of milk , suflicient only is 


needed to keep down the acidity. See " Dyspepsia, Milk and Lime Water, 
Cure for." Lime water can often be borne by patients who cannot take the. 
salts of soda, or potash. This also proves its value and adaptation to the human 

2. Boils— To Relieve the Pain of and to Scatter.— The pain of 
boils, it is said, can be relieved very much by frequently applying castor-oil on 
the parts. 

Painting a boil with tincture of iodine, it is also claimed, scatters tnem; 
but I prefer to scatter them by frequently applying a strong liniment. I have 
recently scattered two from my own neck in this way. I used Dr. Chase's 
golden oil, or strong camphor liniment; I think I applied it at least fifteen differ- 
ent times in the day, rubbing over the boil hard and long at each application, 
which scattered it, and is doing so again, at this writing, so that I see they are 
in the system, and I have therefore made 1 qt. of the lime water (1 oz. stone 
lime to 1 qt.), and am going to use it, expecting I shall thus cleanse the blood 
and eradicate them — the boils from the system or blood. It did do it, as I have 
not had any more, or any indications of them, now over four months, after 
writing the above. 

3. Boils, Alterative Syrup for. — Blue flag and black cohosh root, 
each 1 oz. ; yellow dock root and the bark of the root of bitter-sweet, Peruvian 
bark, the bark of the root of sassafras and prickly ash berries, each J^ oz. ; 
pyrophosphate of iron, 2% drs. ; whiskey, J^ pt. ; glycerine, 6 ozs. ; water, 12 
ozs. Directions. — The barks, roots and berries are to be coarsely ground, or 
bruised, then steeped in water in a covered dish, to leave, when strained, 1 pt,; 
then add the glycerine, whiskey and pyrophosphate of iron. Dose — A tea- 
spoonful 4 times daily, at meals and at bed-time. 

Remarks. — This is not only a valuable alterative in boils, but to follow the 
treatment of inflammations, after the acute stages have been overcome by cool- 
ing purgatives, such as salts, seidlitz powder or cream of tartar, attention to the 
skin, etc., especially so if there is a scrofulous tendency, or considerable debil- 
ity, shown by the loss of strength, flesh, etc. 

CHOLERA, TYPHOID FEVER, ETC.— Considerable has lately been 
said in medical journals concerning the value of milk as a remedial agent in 
certain diseases. An interesting article upon this subject lately appeared in the 
London MUk Journal, in which it is stated, on the authority of Dr. Benjamin 
Clark, that in the East Indies warm milk is used to a great extent as a specific 
for Diarrhea. 

I. For DiarrJiea. — A pint every 4 hours will check the most violent di- 
arrhea, stomach-ache, incipient cholera and dysentery. The milk should never 
be boiled, but only heated sufficient to be agreeably warm, not too hot to drink. 
[The author would say 140" Fah. is as hot as one can take it comfortably with 
a tea-spoon.] Milk which has been boiled is unfit for use. He continues: It 
has never failed in curing in from 6 to 12 hours, and I have tried it, I should 
th ink , fifty times. I have alao given it to a dying man who had been subject 


to dysentery 8 months, latterly accompanied by one continual diarrhea, and ft 
acted on him lilie a charm. In 2 days his diarrhea was gone, in 3 weeks he be- 
came a hale, fat man, and now nothing that may hereafter occur will ever shake 
his faith in hot milk. 

II. For Typhoid Fever. — Another writer also communicates to the Med' 
ical Times and Gazette a statement of the value of milk in 26 cases of typhoid 
fever, in every one of which its great value was apparent, checking diarrhea, 
nourishing and cooling the body. 

III. For Debilitating Diseases. — People suffering from disease require 
food quite as much as those in health, and much more so in certain ■ diseases, 
where there is rapid waste of the system. Frequently all ordinary food, in 
some diseases, is rejected by the stomach, and even loathed by the patient; but 
nature, even in all disease, is beneficient, and has furnished a food that is bene- 
ficial — in some, directly curative. Such a food is milk. The writer, Dr. Alex- 
ander Yale, after giving particular observations upon the points above men- 
tioned, viz.: Its action in checking diarrhea, its nourishing properties and its 
action in cooling the body says: " We believe that milk nourishes in fever, pro- 
motes sleep, wards off delirium, soothes the intestines, and in fine is the sine 
qua non (an indispensable — just the thing) in typhoid fever." 

IV. For Scarlet Fever. — The writer goes on to say he has lately tested the 
value of milk in scarlet fever, and learns that it is now recommended by the 
medical faculty in all cases of this often very distressing disease of children. 
He says: 

Give all the milk the patient will take, even during the period of greatest 
fever; it keeps up the strength of the patient, acts well upon the stomach, and 
is in every way a blessed thing in this sickness. Parents, remember it, and do 
not fear to give it if your dear ones are afflicted with this disease. 

2. Milk as a Medicine. — Under the head of "Milk as a Medicine," 
the American Journal of Medicine, of St. Louis, says that this article, once 
looked upon with distrust, has now become a valuable agent in treatment of 
disease, and is, on all hands, recommended by practitioners of medicine as 
being a safe and reliable article in the list of curables. Given warm it is 
declared to be almost a specific (positive cure) in diarrhea, stomach-ache, incipi- 
ent cholera and dysentery. It is also pronounced invaluable in typhoid 

II. The Journal then quotes the sentence of Dr. Yale, given in III above, 
and closes by saying that he also agrees with the opinion of Dr, Benjamin 
Clark, in the London Milk Journal, given in I. 

Remarks. — I understand that the milk is not to be boiled, that it is to be 
heated only to allow its being drank without scalding the mouth or throat. 
There can be no doubt of its efficacy with such an amount of testimony from 
the medical profession in India, England and America. See also " Treatment 
of Scarlet Fever with Sulphur," wherein I have recommended the milk to be 
also used. 

3. Milk Diet, with Lime Water— For Infants ana Adults 
who have "Weak Digestive Powers.— Dr. H. N. Ch^man says that 


milk and lime water is not only food and medicine at an early period of life, 
but also later, when, as in the case of infants, the functions of digestion 
and assimilation have been seriously impaired. A stomach taxed by gluttony, 
irritated by improper food, inflamed by alcohol, enfeebled by disease, or other- 
wise unfitted for its duties, as is shown by the various symptoms attendant upon 
indigestion, dyspepsia, diarrhea, dysentery and fever, will resume its work, and 
do it energetically, on an exclusive diet of lime water and milk. A goblet of 
cow's milk to which 4 table-spoonfuls of lime water has been added, will agree 
with any person, however objectionable the plain article may be, will be friendly 
to the stomach when other food is apprehensive, and will be digested when all 
else fails to afford nourishment. Of this statement I have had positive proof in 
very many cases. The blood being thin, the nerves weak, the nutrition poor, 
the secretions defective, the excretions insufficient, the physician has at hand a 
remedy as common as the air, and as common, almost as water. In it all the 
elements of nutrition are so prepared by nature as to be^ readily adapted to the 
infant or the adult stomach, and so freighted with healing virtues as to work a 
cure where drugs are worse than useless. 

Remarks. — It certainly needs no further remarks to show the estimation 
that milk is now held in. Let it be used accordingly, with the lime water, and 
you will also be satisfied. 

4. Milk an Antidote and Preventive to Lead Poison. — The 

Journal de Medicine states, upon authority, that milk has been found to be an 
antidote and preventive to lead poisoning by those working in its manufacture. 
(Why not, then, for painters?) 

A quart a day was furnished to each man, after which no colic nor other 
harm to health occurred. 

The remedy is simple, easily obtained, and no doubt effectual. Used as a 
drink during the day would be the manner of taking it. See also its vise in 
"Accidental Poisoning." 

5. Milk as an Aliment or Food. — So much has been said on the 
use of milk as a medicine in diseased conditions of the system, it is but proper 
to say it ought to enter into our daily food to a very much greater extent than 
it does. It is believed to be good for children; but I beg leave to say it is as 
good for adults as it is for children ; and if every family would adopt the old 
plan of corn-meal mush and milk for supper for everyone in the family, as we 
used to do in an earlier day, the general health of the people would be better 
than it is. If it produces costiveness, in any case, put in a little lime water, or 
a little baking soda; but with the mush there is no danger of this, 

6. Milk, Hot, as a Restorative after Fatigue. — A glass of hot 
milk, when one is fatigued, is so refreshing and strengthening it will astonish 
the one who takes it. A supper, made with a couple slices of toasted bread in 
a bowl of hot milk, is very satisfactory in the absence of the mush mentioned 

1. SCARLET FEVER— Successful Treatment of.— Dr. Henry 
Pigeon writes to the London Lancet as follows: 


" The marvellous success which has attended my treatment of scarlet fever 
by sulphur induces me to let my medical brethren know of my plan, so that 
they may be able to supply the same remedy without delay. All the cases in 
which I used it, were very marked, and the epidermis (outer or scarfskin) on the 
arms, in each case, came away like the skin of a snake. The following was 
the exact treatment followed in each case: 

" The patients were thoroughly anointed twice daily with sulphur ointment 
[the sulphur ointment used was made by the London Pharmacopoeia as follows: 
sulphur, 4 ozs. ; lard, 3^ lb. ; oil of bergamot, 20 minims (drops); mixed]; giving 
5 to 10 grains of sulphur in a little jam, or jelly, 3 times a day, according to 
the age of the child and severity of the case. Sufficient sulphur was also 
burned, twice daily (on coals on a shovel), to fill the room with the fumes, and, 
of course, was thoroughly inhaled by the patient. 

" Under this mode of treatment each case improved immediately, and none 
was over 8 days in making a complete recovery; and I firmly believe in each; 
it was prevented from spreading by the treatment adopted. Having had a large 
experience in scarlet fever last year and this, I feel some confidence in my own 
judgment, and I am of the opinion that the very mildest cases I ever saw do 
not do half as well as bad cases do by the sulphur treatment, and as far as I 
can judge sulphur is as near a specific (positive cure) for scarlet fever as pos- 

Remarks. — I can see no reason why the milk, as indicated under the head 
of milk in diarrhea, dysentery, etc., may not be given with the sulphur treat- 
ment; I believe both to be good; and as I see the medical journals speak with 
such confidence of Dr. Pigeon's sulphur treatment, I place also great confi- 
dence in it, and recommend it most heartily. 

2. Scarlet Fever, Sulphurous Acid Treatment of.— Dr. L. 

Waterman, of Indianapolis, Ind., in an epidemic there, in 1876, gives his expe- 
rience in the use of sulphurous acid. He says: 

"I early adopted an anti-zymotic (anti-poisoning) principle, the administra- 
tion of 10 to 30 drops, every 2, 3, or 4 hours, of sulphurous acid, diluted, 
in a little water. I treated eleven severe cases. The ten treated after its adop- 
tion recovered. " 

3. Scarlet Fever, Simple Remedy, or "Warm Lemonade for. 

— An eminent physician says he cures 99 out of every 100 cases of scarlet fever 
by giving the patient warm lemonade with gum arable dissolved in it. A cloth 
wrung out in hot water and laid upon the stomach should be removed as rapidly 
as it becomes cool. 

Remarks. A writer in Good HeaXih gives the philosophy of the above 
treatment, with the warm lemonade, with an addition (which I know to be val- 
uable), the wet hot sheet, or pack, over or around the whole body, guaranteeing 
that not one in one hundred will die of scarlet fever, if this treatment is pro- 
perly carried out. He says: 

4. Scarlet Fever, Unnecessary for a Child to die with it.— 

" It is as unnecessary for a child to die of scarlet fever, as it is that it should be 
blind with cataract. Let us see: At any time before the body has finished its 
ineffectual struggle we are able to help it, not by wonderful medicines, but by 
the knowledge of anatomy, and the application of common sense. * * * * 
Undress the child and place it in bed at the very first sign of sickness. Give it, 
if it has already fever, sourish warm lemonade, with some gum arable in it, 


Then cover its abdomen with some dry flannel. Take a well folded bed sheet 
and put it in boiling water; wring it out and put this over the whole body and 
wait. The hot cloth will perhaps require repeated heating; according to the 
severity of the case and its stage of progress. Perspiration will commence in the 
child in from 10 minutes to 2 hours. The child then is saved; it soon falls 
asleep. The hot, wet sheet must be continued, however, till perspiration takes 
place. Soon after the child awakes it shows slight symptoms of returning in- 
clinations for food; help its bowels, if necessary, with injections of oil, "oap 
and water, and its recovery will be as steady as the growth of a green-house 
plant, if well treated. Of course if the child is already dying nothing can 
save it. With this treatment I will guarantee that not one in a hundred chil- 
dren with scarlet fever will die." 

Remarks. — I once succeeded in curing scarlet fever in one of my own chil- 
dren, before I had read medicine, by the cold pack, or sheet, but I should not 
try it again — I know the hot is better — the strain or struggle of the system 
being much less, and consequently the most safe and satisfactory. There is no 
doubt of the value of the foregoing treatment, but any of the others may be 
tried, according to the conveniences to be obtained in different places. 

5. Scarlet Fever and Small Pox— Successful Treatment. — 

Dr. W. Fields, of Wilmington, Delaware, says to one of the medical journals: 
" Having had much experience in the cure of scarlet fever and small pox 
of the most malignant type, I would thank you, for the sake of humanity, to 
publish a recipe, which, if faithfully carried out, will cure 45 cases out of every 
50, without calling on a physician. 

I. Scarlet Fever. — " For adults give 1 table-spoonful of brewers' yeast in 
3 table-spoonfuls of water, 3 times a day; and if the throat is much swollen gar- 

fle with the yeast, and apply the yeast to the throat as a poultice; mix with 
ndian meal. Use plenty of catnip tea to keep the eruption out on the skin for 
several days. 

II. Small Pox. — " Use the above doses of yeast 3 times a day, and milk 
diet throughout the disease. Nearly every case can be cured without leaving a 
pock mark." 

Remarks. — I have had this used, in scarlet fever, with very great satisfaction. 

6. Scarlet Fever— Length of Time Dangerous to Others.— 

In this disease the parent and the school teacher are often concerned to know 
how long a time must elapse before it is safe to admit those who have had the 
disease to mingle with other children, or with the family, and go to school. 

For a month, at least, the body of a scarlet fever patient is casting off 
scales, or particles, from the skin. The nose, throat, bowels and kidneys are 
also throwing off poisonous matter for this length of time, which will commu- 
nicate the disease to others. The cliief danger, however, is from the skin, as 
this is the main outlet for the blood poison to escape, and every scale or parti- 
cle of dry dust from the skin carries the infection. 

Therefore greasing tlie patient, by rubbing a bacon rind over them, which, 
by some, has been recommended as beneficial to the patient, will certainty do 
this good, i. e. it will keep these minute scales from rising into the air, and thus 
prevent the communication of the disease to others from this source. Bu* a 
Dr. Chapin, in a communication to the Brief, of St. Louis, informs its readers 


that he has used the ham fat (as he calls the bacon rind) in every case for 20 
years, and has lost but few patients since using it, and must have treated some 
hundreds, and gives the following as his plan; "As soon as I diagnose (i. e., 
determine it to be) a case of scarlet fever, I have the patient put on Canton flan- 
nel, or better, if in winter, tine all wool underclothing; then cut a piece of rind 
from a pretty fat, fresh smoked ham, with a half inch of the fat upon it; then 
warm the hand, also the slice of ham, rub the hand on the fat, and then on the 
patient, till they are well covered, except the face. (The author cannot see why 
the fat may not be rubbed directly upon the surface, rather think it is the best 
plan, then rub it in with the hand.) Do this night and morning as long as the 
eruptions and fever continue; put them in bed, cover up warm and give as 
much cold water as they hke. (I prefer the warm lemonade if agreeable to the 
child, as named above in No. 3.) The greasing is very satisfactory, allaying 
the burning and itching, which are so annoying." (See also the sulphur oint- 
ment in No. 1 of scarlet fever; note for making it.) 

7. Scarlet Fever— To Prevent its Spread. — Scarlet fever has been 
so prevalent and so fatal, for several years past, it has become of the utmost 
importance to prevent its spreading in schools as well as in families, and the 
above thoughts and statements being so fully corroborated by the following cir- 
cular, prepared by the Boston Board of Health, and sent to every house in that 
city, I have deemed it best to give it in full. It says: 

I. " Scarlet fever is like small pox in its power to spread rapidly from 
person to person. It is highly contagious (catching). The disease shows its 
first signs in about one weefi after e.xposure, as a general rule, and persons who 
escape the illness during a fortnight after exposure may feel themselves safe 
from attack. Scarlet fever, scarlatina, canker, rash and rash fever, are names 
of one and the same dangerous disease. 

II. " When a case of scarlet fever occurs in any family, the sick person 
should be placed in a rot)m apart from the other inmates of the house (an upper 
room is best), and should be nursed as far as possible by one person only. The 
sick chamber should be well ventilated and well warmed; its furniture should 
be such as will permit of cleansing without injury, and all extra articles, such 
as window drapery and woolen carpets, should be removed from the room. 
The family should not mingle with other people. Visitors to an infected house 
should be warned of the presence of a dangerous disease therein, and children 
especially should not be admitted. 

III. " On recovery the sick person should not mingle with the well until 
the roughness of the skin, due to the disease, shall have disappeared. A month 
is considered an average period during which isolation is needed. The clothing 
before being worn or used by the patient or the nurse, should be cleansed by 
boiling for at least one hour, or if that cannot be done, by free and prolonged 
exposure to out door air and sunlight. The walls of the room should be dry- 
rubbed, and the cloths used for that purpose should be burned without previ- 
ous shaking. The ceiling should be .scraped and whitewashed, the floor should 
be washed with soap and water, and carbolic acid may be added to the water, 
1 pt. to 3 or 4 gals. The infected clothing should be cleansed by itself, and not 
sent to the laundry. 

IV. " In cases of death from scarlet fever, the funeral services should be 
strictly private, and the corpse should not be exposed to view. Because chil- 
dren are especially liable to take and to spread scarlet fever, and because 



schools afford a free opportunity for this, the Board of Health has excluded 
from school every child from any family in which a case of the disease has 
occurred, and has decreed that the absence shall continue four weeks from the 
beginning of the attack, except in cases subject to the discretion of the Board, 
and that the scholar to be re-admitted to his school-room must have the certifi- 
cate of a physician that the required time has passed." 

Remarks. — I think the above directions are so plainly given that they will 
be readily understood, and if properly followed out, the spread of this disease 
will be almost, if not wholly prevented. I will say, however, that the use of 
the carbolic acid is not as much used as a disinfectant as formerly. See " Cop- 
peras Solution of the National Board." This and zinc solution will answer for 
all purposes, and are not only cheap, but absolutely reliable. 

1. TYPHOID FEVER — Treatment in Its More Malignant 
Character. — The malignant character of this disease not being as prevalent in 
the North as in the South, I will first give the treatment used by Dr. J. J. Jones, 
of Conway Station, Ark., reported through the Medical Brief, of St. Louis, who 
has treated this disease in all its grades for over 25 years. "When it takes on its 
malignant character of dysentery or pneumonia, which are inflammatory and 
dangerous if not properly met or treated in their commencement, he said that 
after testing various modes of treatment, he adopted the following: 

I. First cleanse the alimentary canal with syrup of rhubarb and bi-carbon- 
ate of soda. 

IL Follow this with spirits of turpentine, 30 drops; oil of sassafras, 6 
drops; tinct. opium (laudanum) 25 drops; mix into well beaten whites of two 
eggs well sweetened with loaf sugar. Dosk — Give an adult 1 table-spoonful of 
this emulsion every 3 hours. 

III. If the pulse is full and firm, and over 100 per minute, give the fol- 
lowing: Tincture of gelseminum, 1 oz. ; fluid extract of aconite (of the root 
is best), 3^ dr. ; spirits of niter, 2^^ drs. ; mix. Dose — Give 10 to 15 drops, for an 
adult, every 3 hours, until the pulse drops below 100. [The author would say, 
keep the pulse under 100, giving this alternately with the emulsion — first one, 
then, 1)4 hours after, the other; but these drops must not be continued to 
reduce the pulse much below 100 at the first. If it does this, lessen the dose, or 
make it 4 or 5 hours apart.] 

lY. To control the temperature (heat of the surface), if it runs very high, 
which it frequently does, we resort to the wet sheet pack, as It is an important 
agent in the successful treatment of typhus and typhoid fevers. Use vinegar 
and spirits of camphor in place of water to wet the sheet, as it is much more 
sedative (calming, allaying irritation and pain), and less dangerous than water. 
After the pulse and temperature is brought below 100, we give large doses of 
tinct. of iron (muriated tinct. of iron is meant, and 15 to 20 drops would be 
large enough, once in 3 or 4 hours), checking the diarrhea, which is so common 
in typhoid fever. Alternate this (the iron tincture) with pure hard cider or 
lemonade. Diet: dried-beef tea, and milk gruel seasoned with pepper; give 
egg-nog if there are pneumonic symptoms. 

Remarks. — It would be well to say here, see " Use of Milk in Diarrhea» 


Dysentery, etc." I also say that my own plan has been to sponge the whole 
surface with bay rum and water (equal parts), sufficiently often to keep down 
the excessive heat; and if bay rum is too expensive, use whiskey and water — 
warm, if preferred by the patient; or vinegar and spirits of camphor will be 
good, if the heat is not too excessive. The bay rum, however, is more agree- 
able in flavor, especially for use about the face and hands. The patient can do 
this face sponging as often as the heat demands it, keeping a dish of the mix- 
ture and a small sponge near for the purpose. If the sponging, in place of the 
wet sheet, is resorted to, let it be done as often as the comfort of the patient 
demands it — doing it under tlie bed clothes, to avoid any exposure to cold air. 

The lemonade recommended by Dr. Jones, or some of the drinks for fever 
patients in other parts of this work, would be very desirable; but what he calls 
"pure hard cider," unless reduced with cold water, would generally, I think, 
be a little too " hard; " however, it can soon be ascertained by trial. Whatever 
the patient craves in the line of drink or food, I believe in allowing moderately; 
and never to refuse even cold water right from the well or spring, as old allo- 
pathy used to do in the years " auld lang syne," by which, I have not a doubt, 
thousands of persons, burning up with fever, have lost their lives, where, if 
water had been allowed, they might just as well have been saved to their friends 
and usefulness. So well satisfied am I of this, that I cannot but give an inci- 
dent reported recently by a Dr. Fairchild while lecturing in New York. Touch- 
ing upon the old plan of the doctors not allowing water to fever patients, he 
gives the case of his uncle in the South, while slavery was in force, as follows: 

" My own uncle, for one, lay, as we supposed, at the point of death. 

"A trusty old colored man, his watchman, was called to his bed about mid- 
night. Speaking just above a whisper, he said: 

" 'Abe, I am going to ask of you just one last request. Will you grant it? ' 

" ' Yes, massa, anything you ask, I do.' 

" ' Take the old wooden jug; go to the spring back of the barn, fill it with 
cold water and bring it to me quick.' 

" 'Oh, massa, massa, anything else you ask, I'll do. Do you know what 
missus and doctor said? — ' no water, no water.' ' 

" 'Abe, you go; if you don't and I live, I'll shoot you dead.' 

"After deliberating for a moment, he said, 'Massa, I go.' 

" It was brought to him. He drank his fill. By morning every drop was 
gone. The fever broke. He fell into a quiet, peaceful sleep, and was soon 
restored to health. And not until then, was any one told what cured him. 

" Such examples as these finally changed the system of treating fevers. In 
this specific disease common sense is, at last, master of the situation." 

It is to be hoped that such a condition of suffering and final death, as above 
spoken of, may never be allowed to gain the ascendency with any class of phy- 
sicians again. 

2. Typhoid Fever, the Value of Coffee in.— Dr. Guillasse, of 
the French Navy, on typhoid fever, says: "Coffee has given us unhoped for 
satisfaction; after having dispensed it, we find, to our great surprise, that its 
action is as prompt as it is decisive. No sooner have our patients taken a few 
table-spoonfuls of it than their features become relaxed, and they come to their 
senses. The next day the improvement is such that we are tempted to look 
upon coffee as a specific (positive cure) for typhoid fever. Under its influence 


the stupor is dispelled, and the patient rouses from the state of somnolency in 
which he has been since the invasion of the disease. Soon all the functions 
take their natural course, and he enters upon convalescence." Dose — Dr. Guil- 
lasse gives to an adult 2 or 3 table-spoonfuls of strong, black coffee every two 
hours, alternated with 1 or 2 tea-spoonfuls of claret or Burgundy wine. A little 
lemonade or citrate of magnesia should be taken daily, and after awhile qui- 
nine. From the fact that malaria and cerebral fever appear first, i. e., a gen- 
eral prostration, with head, or brain fever, accompanied with stupor, or great 
tendency to sleep, somnolency, from the Latin soimuis, to sleep. The doctor 
regards typhoid fever as a nervous disease, and the coffee acting on the nerves 
is peculiarly indicated in the early stages before local complications arise. 




The following instructions were published in the Hospital Gazette by the 
National Board of Health, which was composed of some of the most promi- 
nent men in the medical profession, as will be seen by the names accompanying 
the instructions. 

" Disinfection is the destruction of the poisons of infectious and contagious 

" Deodorizers, or substances which destroy smells, are not necessarily dis- 
infectants, and disinfectants do not necessarily have an odor. 

'• Disinfection cannot compensate for want of cleanliness|nor of ventilation. 

1. Disinfectants to be Employed.— I. " Roll sulphur (brimstone) 
for fumigation. 

II. Copperas Solution. — " Sulphate of iron (copperas) dissolved in water 
in the proportion of ly^ lbs. to 1 gal. ; for soil, sewers, etc. 

[The author, during the present summer, (in the month of August, 1882,) 
dissolved 3 lbs. of common copperas in a common wooden pail, holding about 
2% or 3 gals , by pouring on hot water, and with an old dipper threw it all 
about on the privy used by about 15 persons, which so completely deodorized 
and disinfected it that it required no more until late in the season.] 

III. Zinc Solution. — Sulphate of zinc and common salt, dissolved together 
in water in the proportions of 4 ozs. sulphate and 2 ozs. of salt to 1 gal. ; for 
clothing, bed linen, etc. 

" Note. — Carbolic acid is not included in the above list for the following 
reasons: It is very diflicult to determine the quality of the commercial article, 
and the purchaser can never be certain of securing it of proper strength; it is- 
expensive, when of good quality, and experience has shown that it must be 
employed in comparatively large quantities to be of any use; besides it is liable, 
by its strong odor, to give a false sense of security. 

2. How to Use Disinfectants.- 1. " In the Sick Room.— "Tha mo^.i 
valuable agents are fresh air and cleanliness. The clothing, towels, bed linen, 
etc , should, on removal from the patient, and before they are taken from the 
room, be placed in a pail or tub of the zinc solution, boiling hot if possible. 
All discharges should either be received in ves.sels containing the copperas solu 
tion, or, when this is impracticable, should be immediatery covered with the 


solution. All vessels used about the patient should be cleansed or rinsed with 
the same. Unnecessary furniture — especially that which is stuffed — carpets 
and hangings, should, when possible, be removed from the room at the outset; 
otherwise they should remain for subsequent fumigation, as next explained. 

II. " Fumigation. — Fumigation with sulphur is the only practical method 
for disinfecting the For this reason the rooms to be disinfected must 
be vacated. Heavy clothing, blankets, bedding, and other articles which can- 
not be treated with the zinc solution, should be opened and exposed during 
fumigation, as next directed. Close the rooms tightly as possible, place the 
sulphur in iron pans supported upon bricks placed in wash-tubs containing a 
little water, set it on fire by hot coals or with the aid of a spoonful of alcohol, 
and allow the room to remain closed 24 hours. For a room about 10 feet square 
at least 2 lbs. of sulphur should be used; for larger rooms, proportionally in- 
creased quantities. 

III. "Premises. — Cellars, yards, stables, gutters, privies, cesspools, water- 
closets, drains, sewers, etc. , should be frequently and liberally treated with the 
copperas solution, No. 2. The copperas solution is easily prepared by hanging 
a basket containing about 60 lbs. of copperas, in a barrel of water. [This 
would be 13?^ lbs. to the gallon, or about that. It should all be dissolved.] 

IV. " Body and Bed- Clothing, etc. — It is best to burn all articles which 
have been in contact with persons sick with contagious or infectious diseases. 
Articles too valuable to be destroyed should be treated as follows: 

"(a.) Cotton, linen, flannels, blankets, etc., should be treated with the 
boiling hot zinc solution; introduce piece by piece; secure thorough wetting, 
and boil for at least half an hour. 

" (6.) Heavy woolen clothing, silks, furs, stuffed bed-covers, beds, and 
other articles which cannot be treated with the zinc solution, should be hung in 
the room during the fumigation, their surfaces thoroughly exposed, and the 
pockets turned inside out. Afterward they should be hung in the open air, 
beaten and shaken. Pillows, beds, stuffed mattrasses, upholstered furniture, 
etc., should be cut open, the contents spread out and thoroughly fumigated. 
Carpets are best fumigated on the floor, but should afterward be removed to the 
open air and thoroughly beaten. 

V. " Corpses. — Corpses should be thoroughly washed with a zinc solution 
of double strength; should then be wrapped in a sheet wet with zinc solution, 
and buried at once. Metallic, metal-lined, or air-tight cofilns should be used 
when possible, certainly when the body is to be transported for any considera- 
ble distance. The following named gentlemen composed the board: George F. 
Barker, M. D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelplaia; C. F. Chandler, M. 
D., College of Physicians and Surgeons, Health Department, New York; Henry 
Draper, M. D., University of the city of New York; Edward G. Janeway, M. 
D., Bellevue Medical College, Health Department, New York; Ira Remson, M. 
D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. ; S. O. Vanderpoel, M. D., 
Albany Medical College, Albany, N. Y.; Health Department, New York, 
Health Officer of the Port of New York." 

Remarks. — Certainly no commendation of mine is needed to give strength 
to these instructions, as the most implicit confidence should be placed in them, 
coming, as they do, from the highest authority in the United States upon mat- 
ters of this kind. I will add, however, that no time should be lost in using 
them as soon as an occasion calls for them. The copperas solution I have 
found entirely satisfactory. See also "Note," following Dr. Scott's treatment 
of diphtheria, upon the permanganate of potash as a disinfectant; also see the 
"Nitrate of Lead as a Disinfectant in Small-pox," and also the " Use of Yeast 
and a Milk Diet in Scarlet Fever and Small-pox." It is well to keep all these 


valuable things before the mind, to be able to save pain and suffering of our 
fellow creatures. 

1. SMALL-POX — A Certain Cure. — Wm. Grandy, of Detroit, 
communicated the following item of Mr. Hines' to the Detroit Tribune, which 
he had seen in the Toronto Weekly Globe, with these remarks: 

" Small-pox being so fatal and so much feared, an unfailing remedy like 
the following, so simple and so safe, once discovered, ought to be brought to 
the knowledge of the masses without hesitation or delay. " 

"I am willing," says Edward Hines," to risk my reputation as a public 
man if the worst case of small-pox cannot be cured in three days simply by 
cream of tartar. This is the sure and never-failing remedy Cream of tartar, 1 
oz., dissolved in boiling wat«r, 1 pt. ; to be drank when cold, at short intervals. 
It can be taken at any time and is a preventative as well as a curative. It is 
known to have cured thousands of cases without fail. I have myself restored 
hundreds by this means. It never leaves a mark, never causes blindness, and 
always prevents tedious lingering." 

Remarks. — Although this seems to be very strong language, yet I have never 
seen it disputed, nor have I seen by any reports of cases that it has been adopted 
in this country; but, as it is deemed very important to keep the bowels in asolvent 
condition in this disease, no better and no safer medicine can be adopted for 
this purpose. Let it be used, by all means. 

2. Small-Pox — A Cure for, or Relief in. — As the prevention or 
cure of this disease is a question that concerns every person, we take the fol- 
lowing from the New York Journal of Commerce, one of the most conservative 
and reliable dailies published in this country 

" A lady, the mother of six children, had often sought relief for a pain in 
the back by taking saltpeter and brandy. She was exposed to the small-pox 
and contracted the disease. The premonitory symptoms were violent fever, 
severe pain in the head and excruciating pain in the region of the kidneys. A 
physician was called during the night, but in doubt as to the nature of the dis 
ease, though suspecting it to be a case of small-pox, he made no prescription, 
promising to return early next morning. The fever and pain increasing, she 
begged her husband to prepare for her the old prescription of saltpeter and 
brandy. The brandy was not to be had, but he crushed a piece of saltpeter 
as large as a common white bean. This she took in a tea-spoonful of cold 
water. Feeling better, the dose was once or twice repeated. Pain soon sub- 
sided and she slept well during the remainder of the night and awakened feel- 
ing perfectly well. She had 60 well defined pustules in her face, but they were 
but slightly inflamed and not at all painful. The developments of small-pox 
on her entire person were in number and appearance in keeping with those on 
her face. In due time all her children and her husband were affected, as she 
had been, by fever and pain in the head and back. They received the same 
treatment with the same favorable result. Several families caught the disease, 
used the same remedy, and in every case the resuli was favorable." 

Remarks. — Not long after preparing the above given, I saw a report that 
"Mexican doctors were curing small-pox in 3 days, and no marks left," by the 
use of cream of tartar and water, which would go to strengthen the idea that 
Mr Hines' treatment above given is reliable 

3 Small-Pox Pitting, to Prevent.— It is well known that patients 
in rooms that are well lighted, pit very much more than in darkened rooms. I 
should, then, have the room as dark as possible for small pox patients; and not 


only this, but should cover the face, neck and hands with black cambric, or 
muslin, cut and made into suitable shape to keep oflf, or out, all possible rays of 
light. (The rays that make the chemical changes in photographing are absorbed 
into the pus, so changing it as to produce the deep pitting.) Certainly, then, 
no trouble, nor inconvenience, necessary to avoid this should be considered for 
a moment, to save a life-long annoyance, that none of us would like to have 
placed upon us by the terrible pitting we often see. Then take all these pre- 
cautions and avoid it, certainly not overlooking the yeast and milk diet, before 
named; or pursue the following plan, as practiced in China: 

4. Small-Pox, to Prevent Pitting, Practiced in the English 
Army in China. — It is very simple and easily followed, and if a blister on 
the arm of a diptheritic patient will draw off the irritation from the throat, as 
it has done, why should not this cause the small-pox eruption to come out on 
such parts ? It is done in this way: When the fever, which always precedes 
the eruption, is at its highest, and before the eruption appears, rub the chest 
with croton oil and tartar emetic ointment, which causes the whole eruption to 
appear on that part of the body, to the relief of the face ; and as it is claimed 
also to cause a full eruption to appear, it prevents its attack upon internal 
organs, which is usually fatal. It is claimed by the German Reformed Messen- 
ger to be done in the English army in China by general order. It was reported 
through the Medical Brief, 1883, page 550, by J. A. Proctor, M. D., of Union 
City, Ind. It is worthy of trial. 

5. Small-Pox, the Nitrate, or Chloride, of Lead as a Dis- 
infectant in. — The mode of preparing and using the nitrate, or chloride, of 
lead, as a disinfectant, is from the Physician and Pharmacist, as follows: Chlo- 
ride of lead is said to be the most powerful, safe and economical deodorizer 
and disinfectant known. To prepare it for use, on a small scale, for ordinary 
purposes, take nitrate of lead, ]4 dr- and dissolve it in hot water, 1 pt. ; dissolve 
also )4. oz of common salt in water, 2 galls., and mix the two solutions, which 
makes the chloride of lead, in solution, ready for use. A cloth wet with this 
and hung up in a room filled with a fetid atmosphere, will sweeten it instantly, 
and the solution thrown into a water-closet, sink or drain, will produce the same 
effect. It is not carbonic acid, but the sulphite of hydrogen and ammonium, 
which are eliminated with the breath and through the pores of the skin of the 
living body, that makes people who are exposed to such an atmosphere so de- 
pressed, and which, when highly concentrated, develops typhus poison, which 
causes, or at least aids, in developing fevers of a low grade, or typhoid charac- 
ter. Nitrate of lead is in dry crystals, and is sold according to its quality at 18 
to 25 cts, per pound, which would make several hundred gallons of solution of 
chloride of lead. 

Remarks. — Then let this, or those of the National Board of Health above, 
be used as freely as necessity insures the purification of the sick room, in all 
contagious diseases, cess-pools, water-closets, etc., and thus not only avoid the 
spreading of contagion, but prevent the development of the disease by the 
poisonous efl3uvia arising from these places. 


6. Small-Pox, Prevented by Vaccination.— Dr. Woolsey reported 
the case in the Pacific Medical and Surgical Journal as follows: "Small-pox 
occurred in a Chinese boarding house, at a jute factory, containing seven hun- 
dred and ten persons, under the same roof. Seven were sick, one of whom 
died, when all were vaccinated, and no other case occurred, thus exemplifying 
the protective power of vaccination, or of some very remarkable coincident. " 

Remarks. — Webster says "coincident" is having coincidence (i. e..some 
circumstance), agreeing, corresponding, conmtent. I have italicised the word 
consistent merely to show how inconsistent it would be to suppose that any 
other circumstance could have given such protective power, except the vaccina- 
tion. Then I think I have said enough when I say there cannot be a reasonable 
doubt but that vaccination is not only a protection, but that it is also safe; and 
therefore it ought to be adopted and insisted upon by boards of health, and also 
by parents and guardians. 

7. Small-Pox, the Origin of Vaccination for.— Upon the question 
of vaccination, I will give an item from Leonard's Medical Journal, of Detroit, 
Mich., Oct., 1883, as to the origin of this practice; which, by this item, it seems 
must now be given to woman — the milkmaid instead of Dr. Jenner, as hereto- 
fore accredited. That is, his mmd was capable of grasping or comprehending 
the philosophy of the fact communicated by the maid, and out of that he, Dr. 
Jenner, worked out the practice of vaccination which has saved millions of 
lives, no doubt; but it should also teach us, what some physicians have already 
claimed to be important, the fact that virus from the cow or some young and 
healthy animal should be used to vaccinate with, and not the virus from the 
human subject, which, it has been claimed, has communicated the disease to 
those vaccinated with it. Jenner, no doubt, used the virus from the cow of the 
" maid.' Let others do the same from other cows. The poetry, it is claimed 
by the above named journal, is founded upon fact; but if it is not, it shows 
the greater power of the rhymer's imagination. It is as follows: 

"Where are you going, my pretty milkmaid?" 

"To see Doctor Jenner," the milkmaid said, 

'' I have such a cough, and it bothers me so, 
I promised Jack Robin for sure that I'd go 
For a draught from the Doctor to-day." 
And she nodded her head with so saucy a smile. 
That no one would think, who was looking the while. 
That she needed the Doctor, his pills or his plaster, 
I doubt she could swear that she did, if you asked her; 
That sunny, bright morning in May. 

Ah! how little she thought, that unthinking young lass. 
While her little pink feet went atrip o'er the grass, 
If Jack Robin had not been so true to his fancy, 
As to fear the least whisper of harm to his Nancy, 

The great loss 'twould have been to us all. 
But so it has proved such a number of times. 
As I have not the space to recount in rhymes. 

Great events have beginnings so small. 


Well! to keep by my milkmaid (as long as I can), 
When she'd courtesied her best to the medical man, 
And had told (heaven bless her) how badly she felt, 
With such pouting red lips, and such ruddy good health. 

As no doctor could hope to improve, 
She sat down to await his compounding her pill, 
And their chat led along to the terrible ill 

That the small pox was threatening to prove. 

Doctor Jenner looked grave when she mentioned the matter; 
'. He thought it too bad for so careless a chatter; 

But saucy young Nancy had nothing to dread, 
"But few of the milkmaids would get it,' she said, 
" For their hands had been sore from the cows. 
And altho' it was horrid to milk when the beast 
Had her bag all broken out, it was certain, at least. 
To keep the small-pox from the house." 

I hope Doctor Jenner, that morning in May, 
When he finished her pills and then sent her away. 
Remembered enough of the lass and the stuff 

Not to give her a dose for a cow, 
For his mind went far off 
From the girl and the cough; 

But what does it matter, just now? 
For her few simple words, while she waited. 
Oh! think with how much they were freighted. 
When Jenner's quick mind they awakened, to find 
How science could conquer the foe. 
And gave every nation that blessed Vaccination 

That takes out the stmg from the blow." 

1. NEURALGIA— German Cure of a Very Bad Case.— A tea 

and poultice, made from the leaves of our common field-thistle, is reported to 
have cured a person who had suffered horrible pains from neuralgia. Failing 
to obtain relief in this country, and hearing of a noted physician in Germany 
who invariably cured the disease, he crossed the ocean and visited Germany for 
treatment. He was permanently cured after a short sojourn, and the doctor 
freely gave him the remedy as above given. Directions and Dose — The 
leaves are macerated (soaked or steeped in water to become very soft) and used 
on the parts afflicted, as a poultice, while a small quantity of the leaves are 
boiled down to the proportion of a quart to a pint, and a small wine-glassful 
of the decoction drank before each meal. 

Remarks. — The gentleman says. " I have never known it to fail of giving 
relief, while in almost every case it has effected a cure." It is certainly simple, 
and easy of trial, and no doubt will prove effectual in many cases. 

There must be something in this thistle-cure, for a Mr. F. K. Ford, of 
Shellsburgh, Iowa, who was an agent of the Chase Publishing Co., virrote to the 
company desiring to got the same recipe into their Receipt Book. He also 
sent the onion and tobacco cure for earache, which vrill be found under that 
head. As Mr. Ford gives a more definite mode for preparing the thistle tea, 1 
will give it. It is as follows: 


1. For the Tea — Take the leaves of the large field-thistle (not Canada). 
[The technical or botanical name of this species of indigenous (native) Amer- 
ican thistle is cirsium lanceolatum. (Certainly it has many lances, or prickers, 
as sharp as a lance.) In western New York, where the author was raised, to 
distinguish it from the Canada, it was always called the " bull-thistle."] Press 
a gallon measure full of them ; then put in all the water it will hold ; boil down 
to % gal. : strain, and let cool (I should say, let cool and strain). Dose — Of 
this take a wine-glassful every morning before breakfast ; the same before tea. 

II. For the Poultice. — Take the leaves of the same kind of thistle, put 
them into a clean cloth and pound to a jelly: put a layer of this on the afflicted 
part, bind on with cloth, every night. Be sure to get fresh leaves. 

2. Neuralgia, Headache, etc., English Remedy for.— The inti- 
mate mixture of equal parts of chloral hydrate and camphor will produce a 
clear fluid, which is of the greatest value as a local application in neuralgia. 
Dr. Lenox Brown states, in one of the English medical journals, he has em- 
ployed it in his practice, and induced others to do so, and that in every case it 
has afforded great and, in some instances, instantaneous relief. Its success 
does not appear to be at all dependent on the nerve affected, it being equally 
efficacious in neuralgia of the larynx, and in relieving spasmodic cough of a 
nervous or hysterical character. It is only necessary to paint the mixture 
lightly over the painful part, and to allow it to dry. It never blisters, though 
it may occasion a tingling sensation of the skin. For headache it is also found 
an excellent application. Directions — Rub the two together in a mortar, 
which liquifies them, then bottle, and paint over the parts, lightly, as above. 
For toothache apply with lint, and rub upon the gums. I called upon one of 
the principal druggists pf Ann Arbor, Mich., where I was then living, to see 
if they would mix, and also to see if they would make a clear fluid, as men- 
tioned in the recipe; but I found he had mixed them several times for the last 
two years, and the result had been satisfactory. He had used the mixture per- 
sonally, by wetting cotton in it and putting it into a decayed tooth, but the tooth 
was so extensively ulcerated at the roots, although it kept down the pain, yet 
it had to be extracted some two montlis after. But for common neuralgic 
pains the rehef was generally instantaneous. 

3. Neuralgia and Sciatica, Simple Home Remedy.— Dr. Eb- 

rard, of Nines, France, states that he has for many years treated all his cases 
of neuralgic and sciatic pains with an approved apparatus, consisting merely 
of a flat-iron and vinegar, two things that will be found in every house. The 
iron is heated until sufficiently hot to vaporize the vinegar, and is then covered 
with some woolen fabric, which is moistened with the vinegar, and the appara- 
tus is applied at once to the painful part. The application may be repeated two 
or three times a day. Dr. Ebrard states that as a rule pain disappears in 
twenty-four hours, and recovery ensues at once. 

4. Neuralgia, Facial— Quick and Permanent Cure.— A quick 
and permanent cure of this disease, says a prominent physician, can be effected 
by using a spray -shower of sulphuric ether upon it. The intense cold is sup- 


posed to act upon the diseased nerves, so as to produce a complete change in 
their nutrition and action. 

Remarks — I trust it will so prove. To do it properly a spray instrument 
kept by druggists would have to be used, continuing its use until relieved, and 
if to be permanent, I should say occasionally for a few days. I know its effi- 
ciency in ordinary pain — why not in neuralgia? But I cannot see why apply- 
ing it as a liniment may not do as well. 

5. Neuralgia Pill, Tonic Alterative and Stimulant for.— 
Quinine, 1 dr.; morphine, IJ^grs , strychnine, 1 gr. ; arsenious acid, 1]4. grs. ; 
solid ex. of aconite, 10 grs. ; mix very thoroughly and divide into 30 pills 
Dose — Take 1 pill only, 2 hours after each meal; never more than 3 daily, and 
never more than 1 at a time 

Remarks. — This will be found a very valuable pill for neuralgia and all 
cases requiring tonic, alterative, anodyne or stimulating treatment, and espe- 
cially so far as females of a weak and feeble habit, or condition generally. 
Valuable in ague, or chills and fever particularly. Some will say they contain 
some poisonous articles, so they do, and so does most medicines; but if they 
are made carefully and taken only as directed they will hurt none, but benefit 
many. (See also remarks after next recipe; see also tonic elixir, etc.) 

6. Neuralgia of the Head, Toothache, etc., Immediate Cure. 

J. W, M Czartoryski, M. D., of Stockton, Cal., writes to the Brief, page 463, 
1883, as follows: Dr. W. C. Frederick, of Lonoke, Ark., desires a remedy for 
the above diseases If he will moisten cotton well and introduce it into the 
previously cleaned ear of the patient, with the following lotion (mixture), he 
will be surprised with the miraculous effects: Fl. exs. of belladonna, viburnum 
opulus (liigh cranberry) and gelseminum sempervirens (yellow jasmine), each 
equal parts (say J^ oz.); mix. By its local application on dental branches of 
the quintus trigemine, (fifth pair of nei'ves ). It will relieve, in the same 
way, even toothache in the worst form in less than five minutes. 

Remarks. — Druggists are now keeping all the prominent fluid extracts. If 
they have them not in any place, try tinctures, which will answer for most pur- 
poses. For toothache, wet cotton in the mixture and put into the tooth, if hoi 
low, and rub a little on the gums and in front of the ears. (See also Ely's 
headache and toothache remedy, and the pain killer.) 

7. Neuralgia— Warning of a Poor State of Health.— I cannot 
do better, in closing the subject of Neuralgia, than by giving the following 
sensible statement from the London (Eng.) Lancet, to show the importance of 
toning up the system of those afflicted with this terrible disease. (The Neuralgic 
Pills mentioned will do it nicely.) 

" The great prevalence of neuralgia — or what commonly goes by that name 
— should be regarded as a warning mdicative of a low condition of health, 
which must necessarily render those who are affected with this painful malady 
especially susceptible to the invasion of other diseases of an aggressive kind 
This is the season (autumn) at which it is particularly desirable to be strong and 
well furnished with the sort of strength that affords a natural protection against 
disease. There will presently be need of all the internal heat which the organ- 


ism cau command, and a good store of fat for use as fuel is not to be despised. 
It is no less essential that the vital forces should be vigorous, and the nerve 
power, especially, in full development. Neuralgia indicates a low or depressed 
state of vitality, and nothing so rapidly exhausts the system as pain that pre- 
vents sleep and agonizes both body and mind. It is, therefore, of the first 
moment that attacks of this affection, incidental to and indicative of a poor and 
weak state, should be promptly placed under treatment, and, as rapidly as may 
be, controlled. It is worth while to note this fact, because, while the spirit of 
manliness incites the ' strong minded ' to patient endurance of suffering, it is 
not wise to suffer the distress caused by this malady, as many are now suffering 
it, without seeking relief, forgetful of the condition it bespeaks, and the con- 
stitutional danger of which it is a warning sign." 

Remarks. — If the system is to be toned up, the first question is, how? 
Start out with a brisk cathartic ; then follow with an alterative, as for rheuma' 
tism (which see), and also a good tonic bitters, or the Neuralgic Pills, as you 
choose; the pills are both tonic and alterative, and may cover both points with 
entire satisfaction, and especially so with females in a debilitated condition. 

8. Neuralgia — The Ladies' Cure. — A lady writing upon this sub- 
ject says: '' If the lady that has neuralgia will make a strong tea of wild lady- 
slipper root — also called nervine (nerve-root is one of its common names, yellow 
moccasin flower, Noah's Ark, umbel, etc.) — and drink it, it will cure her; at 
least, it did me." 

Remarks. — It is safe to try it, as it is tonic, stimulant, diaphoretic and anti- 
spasmodic. It is, in fact, valuable in most nervous and uterine difficulties. 
Take lady-slipper, with catnip and scullcap, equal quantities of each, 
powder and evenly mixed, and divided into powders of 13^ ozs. ; then 1 pt. 
of boiling water poured over one of the powders, and steeped 15 or 20 minutes, 
taking at first 1 oz. or about 2 table-spoonfuls of the warm infusion, after which 
1 table-spoonful every }4, bour for 3 or 4 hours, or until relieved, for sick or 
nervous headache, says Dr. King in his "Dispensatory," and repeating thus 
for 3 or 4 attacks, has permanently and invariably cured these neuralgic head- 

9. Neuralgia of the Face. — The latest cure for neuralgia of the face 
is from a Dr. Nussbaum, which he reported in the Munich ^rztliche Intelligence, 
consisting of salicylic acid, Z% grs. , and salicylate of soda, 32 grs. To be pul- 
verized and mixed for 1 powder, taking 4 to 6 such powders in the 24 hours. 

Remarht. — Dr. Nussbaum considers this as a specific, or positive cure. It 
consist, of what has been recently brought out, as a cure for rheumatism. 
Neuralgia being, in fact, a species of rheumatism, why should it not cure it? 

1. EARACHE— Cure for. — Take a large onion and cut it into slices; 
put a slice of onion, then a slice (the author would say a piece of leaf the size 
of the onion) of strong tobacco, then a slice of onion again, then tobacco, till 
the onion is all laid up, then wrap in a wet cloth and cover in hot embers, till 
the onion is cooked; press out the juice with heavy pressure, and drop into the 
ear. It gives mstant relief. Solution of morphine will have a good effect also. 

Rem,arks. — I should drop in only 3 or 4 drops of the onion and tobacco 
juice, vX first, lest the influence of the tobacco might be too great, and repeat. 


if it was necessary. What is called a solution of sulphate of morphia, or 
liquor morphia sulphatis, kept by druggists, is of the strength of 1 grain of 
sulphate of morphia to 1 ounce of water only. Each tea-spoonful of it would 
contain }/^ grain and would be a full dose, by mouth, which could be repeated, 
on an adult, in from 30 minutes to 2 hours, according to the severity of the 
pain for which it was given. To drop into the ear it might be, probably, twice 
as strong, without danger of injury. A few drops, say 4 or 5, of laudanum 
ought to have the same effect. The laudanum may be put with an equal 
amount of sweet oil, and the amount doubled, which would have a good effect 
in softening the wax of the ear. The onion cure is from Mr. Ford, of Iowa, 
who was referred to in the neuralgia (German cure, which see). 

2. Earache and Deafness, Valuable Remedy for. — Wine ot 
opium (not laudanum), 1 dr. ; oil of anise, 10 drops; put into an ounce bottle, 
and fill with oil of sweet almonds (sweet oil will do very well). Directions— 
Shake well, and drop from 3 to 5 drops into the ear, or ears, if both are affected. 
If no relief in 5 or 10 minutes, repeat; and follow along to relieve the sound o\ 
roaring in the ears. 

Remarks. — " Old " Dr. King thinks this one of the most valuable combina- 
tions for earache or deafness which can be tried, having tested it several times. 
His remark was: " I think it will not fail once in 7000 cases, as it has not failed 
me in dozens of cases." He has been in practice fifty years. The one for 
" Ulceration " below is also from him. 

3. Earache, Remedy for. — A writer says: "There is scarcely any 
ache to which children are subject, so bad to bear and difficult to cure, as the 
earache. But there is a remedy, never known to fail. Take a bit of cotton 
batting, put upon it a pinch of black pepper, gather it up and tie it, dip in 
sweet oil, and insert into the ear. Put a flannel bandage over the head to keep 
it warm. It will give immediate relief." 

Remarks. — These simple remedies are easily tried, and will often prove 

4. Ear, ITlcerations in — Very Certain Remedy. — Pulverized 

sanguinaria canadensis (blood root), 1 dr., in soft water, 1 pt. ; steep and strain. 
Directions — Pour into the ear, or, what is better, syringe out the ear 3 or 3 
times daily with it — a little warm. 

1. TOOTHACHE— Common Cures for.— The following are com- 
mon things recommended for the cure of toothache, outside of the profession, 
and are good remedies: 

I. Alum, in very fine powder, \i oz.; spirits of nitrous ether, 7 drs. ; 
mix, and apply with lint if the nerve is exposed, and also around the tooth. 
This is claimed to never fail, unless it is of a rheumatic character. 

II. Equal parts of powdered alum and salt, mixed; then wet a bit of cot- 
ton, to make the powder adhere, and apply to the hollow of the tooth. 

ni. Saltpeter, pulverized and applied by cotton, cures nervous toothache 
at once. 


2. Toothache, to Cure so It Will Never Ache Again.— 

If the following is the fact, it is the best of all the cures: Dissolve a piece of 
opium, the size of a small pea, in spirits of turpentine, ^ tea-spoonful. Put 
in the hollow of the tooth upon cotton. It does not stop the pain at once, says 
the writer, but, if well applied, — the cotton saturated and frequently changed— 
wiU soon cause it to never trouble again. 

3. Toothache Drops, Dr. Chase's. — Best alcohol, 2 ozs.; chloro- 
form, 1 oz. ; sulphuric ether, \% ozs. ; laudanum, oil of cloves, and oil of oassa- 
f ras, of each % oz, ; oil of lavender, 1 dr. ; gum camphor, 1 oz. ; mix all, and 
keep well corked. 

Bemarks.—l have used this very successfully for a long time; have manu- 
factured and sold it, and have put others into the same business. I put it up 
in 2 dr. bottles, retailing it at 25 cts., and have yet to find anything better. 
Apply to the exposed nerve by means of cotton, and put freely around the 

4. Toothache from Decaying Teeth— Solidified Creosote for 
the Pain of. — Creosote has been for a long time used in its fluid state, to wet 
cotton in, and put into the tooth; but it has been found that 10 drops of collodion 
added to 15 drops of creosote makes a gelatinous mass that can be put upon 
the nerve, closing up the orifice and preventing the air from reaching the nerve, 
and it does not flow out into the mouth to irritate and make it sore. 

Hemarks. — This vnll prove a blessing to those preferring the use of crea 

1. POLYPUS IN THE NOSE— Very Effectual Bemedy.— Dr. 

King is very sanguine in the belief, or knowledge, that it is not necessary to 
twist off, nor to ligate (tie a cord around) them, but that the powdered blood 
root, snuffed into the nostril, will destroy and cure every case, unless the nostril 
is entirely filled with it, in which case it may have to be twisted off, and the 
powder applied to the base by wetting a piece of cloth tied on the end of a 
probe, or stick, dipping it in the powder, and touching it upon the base, or 
neck, from which the polypus was removed, to prevent a return. 

Remarks. — The celebrated Dr. Wooster Beach, of New York, uses the 
powder of blood root and bayberry bark, in equal parts, for the same purpose. 
He, if the polypus was large, used the powdered poke root, introduced by the 
stick, or probe, as above, to cause them to slough off, often repeating, either 

2. Polypus of the Nose has been cured by mixing the powdered 
blood root, 4 grs., with vaseline, 1 oz., and putting this upon cotton and press- 
ing it up against the tumor. One month's application removed it. This was 
done by Dr. W. W. Carpenter, of Petaluma, Cal., and reported in the Medi- 
cal Bi-ief. 

3. Polypus, Another Cure for.— A polypus, so large that it filled 
the whole nasal cavity, was cured by the use of carbolic acid, 1 part, and gly- 
cerine, 4 parts, and injecting 20 drops of this mixture by the hypodermic 


syringe (a syringe made to inject under the skin), into the base of the tumoTc 
This, says Dr. Henning, of Redkey, Ind , who reported the case, is all I did. 
In one month it was gone, and it is still well, five months after the operation. 
Remarks. — Certainly one of the plans ought to cure every case without 
twisting off or tearing out. Of course a physician would have to be called upon 
if this latter, or hypodermic, plan is adopted. 

1. BURNS— From Gunpowder, Prof. Gunn's Treatment.— 

While Prof. Qunn was in the medical college, in Chicago, he gave the follow- 
ing item, through one of the journals of that city. It seems almost superflu- 
ous to add a word of endorsement, for, from several years acquaintance with 
him, as professor of surgery in the University of Michigan, it is well known 
that his recommendations could be relied upon. It is only for the benefit of 
those who are not acquainted with this fact that I have mentioned it. He says: 
" In bums from gunpowder, where the powder has been deeply imbedded in 
the skin, a large poultice made of common molasses and wheat flour, applied over 
the burnt surface, is the very best thing that can be used, as it seems to draw the 
powder to the surface, and keep the parts so soft that the formation of scars 
does not occur. It should be removed twice a day, and the part washed with a 
shaving brush and warm water before applying the fresh poultice. The poul- 
tice should be made sufficiently soft to admit of its being readily spread on a 
piece of cotton. In cases in which the skin and muscles have been completely 
filled with the burnt powder, we have seen the parts heal perfectly, without 
leaving the slightest mark to indicate the position or nature of the injury." 

2. Burns and Scalds, Instantaneous Relief for. — The bi-car- 
bonate of soda (the common cooking soda, found in almost every kitchen) has 
been found an exceedingly valuable remedy in the treatment of burns and 
scalds, giving almost, it not absolutely, instantaneous relief from pain, as well 
as a cure for the wound, by continuing its use. Mode op Application — The 
injured part is to be moistened, then the dry soda, finely powdered, is to be 
sprinkled carefully upon it, to entirely cover the injury, and the whole wrapped 
with a wet cloth — linen is best The relief is often instantaneous. 

Remarks. — Harper's Weekly informs us that a Dr. "Waters, of Salem, Mass., 
in speaking of the new remedy for burns and scalds, before the Massachusetts 
Dental Society, deliberately dipped a sponge into boiling water and sqeezed it 
over his wrist, producing a severe scald around his arm some two inches wide, 
and continued the application, despite the suffering, for half a minute. Then 
he at once sprinkled on the bi-carbonate of soda, and applied the wet cloth, 
which almost instantly deadened the pain; and on the next day after this single 
application of the soda, the less injured parts, were practically well, only a slight 
discoloration being perceptible, the severe portions being healed in a few days, 
by simply continuing the wet cloth bandage. 

Remarks. — When I wrote this out some two or three years ago, I added to 
the above: I should have wet the cloth in a solution of the soda, for the 
continued wrappings, in every case. My idea above mentioned of wetting the 
cloths in a solution of soda, I since seen, has been practiced by a Dr. 


Froizke, of Russia, who reports its use, in this form, upon 25 cases of severe 
burns, caused by fire, in a conflagration, which shows that it is good for burns 
from fire, as well as scalds from hot water. In cases where the wounds were 
deep, and where there was considerable matter, the clothes were carefully re- 
moved and the wounds were cleansed to prevent the absorption of the matter 
into the blood before replacing the wet cloths. 

I. DROWNED PERSONS — Rules for Resuscitating — By 
the Michigan State Board of Health, and the Humane Society 
of Massachusetts. — The following directions, or rules, for resuscitating, or 
bringing to life again, the apparently dead from drowning, are made up from 
a recent circular of the Committee on Accidents of the Michigan State Board 
of Health, and distributed throughout the State, and also from directions pub- 
lished at the request of the Humane Society of the Commonwealth of Massa- 

The general public should be well informed upon this subject; for, if life 
is to be saved, there must be no loss of time when one is taken from the water, 
and life apparently gone. 

I. Lose no time. Carry out these directions on the spot: 

II. Remove the froth and mucus from the mouth and nostrils. 
IIL Instantly loosen all neckwear, lacings, or waistbands. 

rV. Hold the body, for a few seconds only, so that the water may run out 
of the lungs and windpipe. 

V. If the ground is sloping, turn the patient upon the face, the head down 
hill ; step astride the hips, your face towards the head, lock your fingers together 
under the belly, raise the body as high as you can without lifting the forehead 
from the ground, give the body a smart jerk, to remove the accumulating mucus 
from the throat, and water from the windpipe; hold the body suspended long 
enough to slowly count five ; then repeat the jerks two or three times. 

VL The patient being still upon the ground, face down, and maintaining 
all the while your position astride the body, grasp the points of the shoulders 
by the clothing, or, if the body is naked, thrust your fingers into the armpits, 
clasping your thumbs over the points of the shoulders, and raise the chest as 
high as you can without lifting the head quite off the ground- and hold it long 
enough to slowly count three. 

VII. Replace the patient upon the ground, with the forehead upon the 
flexed (bent) arm, the neck straightened out, and the mouth and nose free. 
Place your elbows against your knees and your hands upon the sides of his 
chest over the lower ribs and press downward and inward ^\ith increasing force 
long enough to slowly count two. Then suddenly let go, grasp the shoulders 
as before and raise the chest; then press upon the ribs, etc. These alternate 
movements should be repeated 10 to 15 times a minute for an hour at least, 
unless breathing is restored sooner. Use the same regularity as in natural 

VIII. After breathing has commenced (and not before, unless there is a 
house very close), get the patient where covering may be obtained, to restore 


the animal heat. Wrap in warm blankets, apply bottles of hot water, hot 
bricks, etc., to aid the restoration of heat. Warm the head nearly as fast aa 
the body, lest convulsions come on. Rubbing the body with warm cloths or 
the hand, and gently slapping the fleshy parts, may assist to restore warmth, 
and the breathing also. 

IX. When the patient can swallow, give hot coffee, tea, milk, or a little 
hot sling. Give spirits sparingly, lest they produce depression. Place the pa- 
tient in a warm bed, give him plenty of fresh air, and keep him quiet. 

X. Let all the work be done deliberately and patiently, and do not give 
op too quickly ,"for success,"says the Massachusetts society, "has rewarded the 
efforts of hours." 

Remarks. — These rules cannot be too well understood (where it is possible 
for such accidents to occur), and no delicacy of mind or circumstances should 
prevent anyone from taking right hold of any case that may occur, because 
they have not done it before. No time to await the arrival of a physician^ 
immediate action will insure success. 

Let good judgment and great carefulness be exercised by everyone who 
finds himself called upon to act in any accident of this kind, and let no one 
hesitate a moment to do the best he can till some one more acquainted with the 
work, or a physician, may arrive, as life is too precious to allow of anyone 
neglecting to do what he can to save it. 

• 2. Drowned Persons— A Case in Hand.— I will make a condensed 
statement here of a ease reported in the New Yoi'k Mail and Express, in 1882, 
to show what perseverance did in resuscitating a boy, by one of the officers 
of one of the life saving stations, who, with the reporter, happened to be pass- 
ing along one of the wharves of that city, where a number of fishing vessels 
were tied, upon one of which was a boy who had been under water for 10 min- 
utes, or more, and had lain as much longer upon the deck without an effort to 
restore him to life, and the bystanders, and even the police present, thought he 
was really dead; but the life-saving man took a different view of it, and went 
to work with a will; first opening the boy's mouth and removing the mud from 
it, he turned him over, on his face, and placed his coat, done up as a pillow, 
under the boys stomach, then took hold of the boy's ankles and raised them 
several feet above the boy's head, and put them into the hands of some of the 
bystanders, to keep them thus, he pressed gently, but firmly, upon the small of 
the boy's back, when immediately a stream of water gushed out of his mouth, 
which had all this time been in the lungs, waiting only for this treatment to 
help it out. This was continued a minute or two, to get out all the water he 
could, when he was turned upon his back, and the officer, kneeling over him, 
put one hand upon the boy's right side, the other on the left, just against the 
short ribs, he gave them a powerful compression, and then suddenly let gc, the 
ribs springing back to their natural position, and the air rushed into the lungs; 
this was done a dozen or more times, but still no appearance of life, and the 
bystanders said to him: " Can't you let a drowned boy alone;" "why," says the 


officer, " I haven't begun yet, stand back and give more air here; " then he be- 
gan slapping one of the boys hands, and put a man to the other, and one to 
each foot, they continued tlie slapping vigorously thus, upon each limb, and 
the reporter taking the officers place at that hand, the officer returned to the rib 
squeezing process, when after about five minutes of this vigorous work the boy 
gave a slight gasp for breath, to the great surprise of the bystanders and the 
delight of the life-saving officer. He then redoubled his efforts at the artificial 
breathing process, of pressing the ribs, etc., and called for brandy and varm 
blankets, the boy meanwhile gasping again and began to twitch in the legs, 
ftnd as the boy began to breathe the brandy was given and the warm blankets 
Were applied, and the boy was saved. (See hot sling in the rules above which, 
if it can be provided, is better than the raw brandy.) Thus you see what per- 
Beverance will sometimes do. Go then, in all such cases, and do likewise, and 
valuable lives may be saved. 

1. THE TRUE WAY TO HEALTH— Simmered Down to a 
Few Short Rules. — A recent writer, whose name I do not know, has given 
us the most facts, in the fewest words, of anything I have seen. He says: 
The only true way to health is that which common sense dictates to man. Live 
within the bounds of reason; eat moderately; drink temperately; sleep regu- 
larly; avoid excess in everything, and preserve a conscience void of offence. 
Some men eat themselves to death; some drink themselves to death; some wear 
out their lives by indolence; and some by over-exertion; others are killed by the 
doctors, while not a few sink into the grave under the effects of vicious and 
beastly practices. All the medicines in creation are not worth a farthing to a 
man who is constantly and habitually violating the laws of his own nature. 

BANDAGING — In Broken Limbs and Ulcers.— In broken 
limbs, it is necessary to use the bandage, and it has become quite common 
also, ia the treatment of ulcers. They are more generally made of cotton 
sheeting, being torn off in strips of 3 to 4 inches in width, and sewed together 
until the required length is obtained, after which they are to be rolled into 
solid rollers for tne convenience of passing them around the limb, and to 
euable the one who applies them to draw them evenly at all stages of their 
application. In applying the bandage one can get a better idea from the 
illustrations than any other way. All parts should be covered evenly, lapping 
about one-half of the bandage upon the previous round, and in order to keep 
it smooth and not run up or down on the limb, it will be necessary to turn the 
bandage upon itself, as the cross lines in the cut will show, wherever the form 
of the limb causes the bandage to pass either way upon the limb from the 
center of the previous round. In this way the pressure is even, leaving no 
loose, or unbound place for an accumulation of blood, which wo\ild cause 
pain, and finally mortification. And it must not be applied so tight as to stop 
the circulation, for this would cause the same difficulty ; the object is to lessen 
the circulation, but not to stop it entirelv. 



TJlcers. — Most ulcers, in their early stage, upon the lege or arms, may be 
cured by judicious bandaging, and keeping the ulcer and the bandage wet 
with cold water, or perhaps cold water % and whisky J^ as much, merely to 
stimulate a little. This mixture I have found better than water alone in 
dressings. Our homeopathic friends are very much in favor of the arnica lotion 
iu place of the cold water. It is certainly a valuable remedy if used in sufficient 
quantities to have its legitimate, or specific effects, say 13^ drs. of the tincture 
to a teacupf ul of cold water. A common teaspoon holds about 1 dr. Mix by 
pouring back and forth from one cup to another, then keep the bandage wet with 
it. Of this strength it does seem to have a specilic effect upon fresh bruises, fresh 
cuts, etc. Two drs. of the tincture to alcohol, )^ pt., is highly recommended in 
rheumatism of the joints, pains of the feet or limbs from walking, etc., to be 
used freely as a liniment. 

1. PUNCTURED WOUNDS — New Cures to Avoid Lock- 
jaw. — Mr. S. W. Hemenway writes to the Scientific American that he wishes 
to publish the following cure for punctured wounds for the benefit of all who 
may need it: As soon as such a wound is inflicted, get a light stick (a knife or 
file handle -^ill do) and commence to tap gently on the wound. Do not stop 
for the hurt, but continue until it bleeds freely and becomes perfectly numb. 
When this point is reached, you are safe; all that is then necessary is, to pro- 
tect it from dirt. Do not stop short of the bleeding and the numbness, and do 
not on any account close the opening with plaster. Nothing more than a little 
simple cerate on a clean cloth is necessary. I have used, and seen this used, on 
all kinds of simple punctures for thirty years, and never knew a single instance 
where a wound becoming inflamed or sore after the treatment as above. Among 
other cases, a coal rake tooth going entirely through the foot, a rusty darning 
needle through the foot, a bad bite by a sucking pig, several instances of file 
shanks through the hand, and numberless cases of rusty nails, etc., but never 
knew a failure of this treatment 

Bemarks. — This being the class of wounds from which lock-jaw arises, let 
no one fail to adopt it or one of the following plans as soon as a small, deep 
wound is received. 

2. Punctured and Other "Wounds and Bruises— To Relieve 
and Prevent Lock-jaw. — The following remedy, simple as it is, is said to 
have saved thousands from death by lock-jaw: Smoke the wound or bruise with 
the smoke of wool. Twenty minutes in the smoke of wool will take the pain 
out of the worst wound, and repeated once or twice, will allay the worst case 
of inflammation arising from a wound. 

3. Lock-jaw or Tetanus Remedy and Preventive.— A medical 
authority says: " Let anyone who has an attack of lock-jaw take a small quan- 
tity of spirits of turpentine; warm it and pour it into the wound — no matter 
what the wound is, or what its nature is — and relief will follow in less than one 
minute. Nothing better can be applied to a severe cut or bruise than cold tur- 
pentine; it will give certain relief almost instantly." 

4. Lock-jaw, or Tetanus, Quickly Relieved. — A Dr. Bigelow 
reports, In the Prcietitioner, a case of lock-jaw, or tetanus, caused by a rusty 


nail penetrating the foot, which was relieved in less than 20 minutes by intro- 
ducing 1 dr. of the hydrate of chloral into the wound after it had been enlarged 
by incision. 

5. Flesh Wounds and Presli Cuts — To Prevent Bleeding, 
Relieve Pain, Etc. — Everybody is liable to be cut or to receive other flesh 
wounds, away from surgical or veterinary aid; hence, they ought to know how 
to proceed to save their own, or the life of a friend, or beast, by exercise of 
common judgment. 

I. If there is a flow of blood, close the wound with the hand and hold it 
firmly together, so as to check the flow, and keep it thus until a bandage can be 
obtained or stitches can be taken, if necessary, and the final bandaging is 
applied. Bathing well with cold water, and keeping bandages wet with it, is 
the latest method of treatment. I have known, however, one-half whiskey to 
be used for this purpose, and believe it to be the best. 

II. If the wound is painful, take a pan of burning coals and sprinkle upon 
them common brown sugar, and hold the wounded part in the smoke. In a 
minute or two the pain will be allayed, and the recovery proceed rapidly. 

Remarks. — If the burning of wool will relieve pain and prevent lock-jaw 
from punctured wounds, why should not sugar do the same? Although I can- 
not understand the why nor the wherefore, yet I still believe that both the 
smoke of wool and sugar have cured many cases, otherwise these items would 
never have been reported. 

6. Wounds, Hemorrhage or Bleeding from. — It is also claimed 
that bleeding may be stopped, on man or beast, by binding on a mixture of 
equal parts of wheat flour and salt; of course they are not to be wet, but evenly 
mixed, before binding on — the blood does the wetting. 

1. NOSE BLEED AND HICCOUGHS — Novel, but Certain 
Remedy. — The Scientific American reports the following novel plan for check- 
ing bleeding at the nose: The best remedy for bleeding at the nose, as given by 
Dr. Gleason in one of his lectures, is in the vigorous motion of the jaws as if 
in the act of mastication (chewing). In the case of a child a wad of paper 
should be placed in its mouth, and the child should be instructed to chew it 
hard. It is the motion of the jaws that stops the flow of blood. This remedy 
is so very simple that many will feel inclined to laugh at it, but it has never 
been known to fail in a single instance, even in very severe cases. 

Remarks. — About the time of writing upon the subject I received a letter 
from a Mrs. Harlan, of Hutton, Coles Co., 111., wherein she confirmed the 
above as to bleeding from the nose; and by the additional point of pressing the 
fingers into the ears, with the motion as if chewing, it also cures hiccough. 
And now I have an endorsement of my own as to its value in hiccough, for I, 
at that time, had a little granddaughter living in the family who had been often 
troubled with hiccoughs, and only a day or two after the receipt of Mrs. Har- 
lan's letter the child again had an attack of them, and in two minutes, at most, 
from the time I directed her and showed her how to do it, according to Mrs, 


Harlan's plan of putting the fingers into the ears, and then "chew," the child 
was cured. She has had no further attack as yet, a little over three years, while 
before they had held her an hour or two, and sometimes longer, and it occurred 
quite frequently. It seems to have been an absolute cure. Mrs. Harlan in- 
cluded in her letter what she calls a simple cure for nose-bleed, hiccough and 
palpitation of the heart. I will give them in her own words, as follows: 

2. Nose-Bleed, Hiccough, and Palpitation of the Heart — 
Mrs. Harlan's Cure for. — I. A simple cure for nose-bleed is to crowd the 
fingers tight into the ears and chew, pressing the teeth well together, as if chew- 
ing food. 

II. It is said to be a cure also for a persistent hiccough. [This is what I 
tried with the grandchild.] 

III. Palpitation of the Heart. — Hold the breath as long as possible and 
repeatedly, I have found it an almost certain remedy. And when it failed to 
stop the paroxysm at first it was relieved by it, and, after a time, stopped. 

Remarks. — Mrs. Harlan is undoubtedly correct in the matter of relief, or 
cure, of "Palpitation;" for, in holding the breath, the blood is not invigorated 
by the absorption of oxygen in the air by its passage through the lungs, and 
hence the blood does not pass so freely nor quickly to the heart, and, therefore, 
its excessive action soon diminishes, and is finally quieted altogether. There is 
certainly philosophy in this. Mrs. H. had used these plans in her own family 
and among her friends, and sent them to me, as she expressed it, " for the good 
of the world." 

3. Hiccough, French Remedy for Children— Instantaneous 
Relief. — According to the Lyons (France) Medicale, Dr. Grellety says: 

" I have observed that hiccoughs in children are immediately stopped by giv- 
ing them a lump of sugar saturated with table vinegar. The same remedy was 
tried on adults with similar instantaneous success." 

The sugar plan is confirmed by the following from Henry Tucker, M. D., 
in the South Medical Record, under the heading of " A Specific for Singulturs" 
(the physicians', or the Latin, name for hiccough): 

" This very common affection, of infants and children especially, has a spe- 
cific remedy, at least one which I have never known to fail. Moisten granu- 
lated sugar with cider vinegar; give to an infant from a few grains to a tea- 
spoonful. The effect is almost instantaneous, and the dose seldom needs to bfi> 
repeated. I have used it for all ages, from infants of a few months old to peo- 
ple on the down-hill side of life." 

4. Another writer puts it in the following manner: " Take 3 or 4 swal 
lows of sweetened vinegar." 

Remarks. — Not much different, except in quantity. I should try this il 
Dr. Grellety's or Dr. Tucker's lump of sugar did not succeed. 

5. Hiccough, a Cure for by Pressure — French. — The latest 
French discovery as to the cure of hiccoughs is given in La Scalpel, as follows: 
A very easy cure for a continued hiccough, sometimes complicated with spasms 
of the air-passage to the lungs, is introduced bj' Rostau, and highly recom- 
mended by Deghillaye, of Mons, France. It consists in placing the hand flat 


upon the pit of the stomach, immediately below the cartilage forming the end 
of the breast-bone, and making firm pressure. Should this prove unsuccessful, 
place a firm roll of muslin on the same place, securing it by a bandage bound 
tightly around the body. In an hour this may be removed, and it will be 
found that the hiccough has entirely disappeared. 

Remarks. — The cure in this case is by the pressure, preventing the spas- 
modic action of the diaphragm, which is the cause of hiccoughs. 




BILIOUSNESS. — The symptoms are too well known to need describ. 
ing. If your bones ache, and you feel languid, your mouth tastes unpleasant, 
etc., you are bilious, and if you don't remedy it soon your complexion will be 

Cholagogue or Bilious Tonic— Quinine, 1 dr.; oil of wintergreen, 1 
teaspoonful; oil of peppermint, 5 drops; oil of lemon, 15 drops; alcohol, 
3^ pt. ; water, i^ pt. ; sulphuric acid, 30 drops. Mix well, then add red Peru- 
vian bark, finely pulverized, 2 ozs. ; rheubarb root, also finely pulverized, 
2 ozs. ; simple syrup, or molasses, to make all 1 qt. Those who are acted upon 
easily by cathartics can not bear more than half of this quantity of rheubarb. 
Let such have it made accordingly — the object of its use is to just keep the 
bowels solvent, not loose like diarrhoea. 

The quinine, oils and acid should be put into the alcohol first, then the 
water, and afterwards the bark and rheubarb, and then the syrup; or what 
would be a little more palatable, would be to steep the Peruvian bark and 
rheubarb root in as little water as will answer, then strain off into the mixture 
and steep again, to get all the strength, by pressing out the second time; then 
make up the quart with syrup, as this avoids the sediment of the bark and root 
in taking off the medicine, as some people object to taking the medicine with 
the powders in it. It may be taken at once, if well shaken; or, if shaken 
2 or 3 times daily for a week, after that it may be taken without shaking, as 
the strength of the Peruvian bark and rheubarb will by that time be extracted. 
Dose — For an adult, 1 or 2 tea-spoonfuls 4 times daily, at meals and bed-time; 
for a child of 12 years, half dose. If very bilious take a full cathartic dose of 
rheubarb or such other cathartic medicine as you are in the habit of using, or 
prefer, to move the bowels freely. 

Remarks. — This will be found a very valuable tonic in all cases requiring 
one, and is absolutely the best known remedy for biliou.sness. If a person 
inclined to be bilious will take this every spring and fall, they will not be 
troubled. It will break up 99-100 of all the agues and remittent fevers in a few 
days; if not, repeat the cathartic, and continue the Cholagogue until the work 
is accomplished — never try to "wear out the ague"; it will either wear you 


out, or leave you the woi'se for wear." Repeat at intervals of a week, 2 or 3 
times; and in nearly every case a permanent cure will be effected, if the medi- 
cine is taken for 3 or 4 days at each repetition. 

[Note. — This is not an easy remedy to prepare. For a good many it will 
be cheaper to send $1.00 to the Chase Medicine Co., Detroit, Mich., and get a 
bottle already prepared.] 

Bilious Remittent Fever — Symptoms. — The attack is generally 
sudden and well marked. Some writers say it has no premonitory symptoms; 
others, that it has. Tlie more general understanding is, that for a day or two, 
or even longer, before the onset, there is a sense of languor and debility, slight 
headache, lack of appetite, furred tongue, bitter taste in the mouth in the 
morning, pains in the joints and general uneasiness. 

The formal onset is nearly always marked by a distinct chill or rigor, — 
sometimes slight and brief; at other times severe and prolonged. The chill 
may begin at the feet, or about the shoulder blades, or in the back, and thence 
run like small streams of cold water poured in every direction through the 
whole body. There is generally but one well-marked chill, the returns of the 
paryoxysms of fever being seldom, after the first, preceded by the cold stage. 

During the hot stage the pulse is up to one hundred and twenty, or one 
hundred and thirty. There are pains in the head, back and limbs, of a most 
distressing kind. 

The tongue is generally covered with a yellowish, or dirty white fur; and 
in bad cases, in the advanced stage, is frequently parched brown or nearly 
black in the center, and red at the edges. There is no appetite for food, and 
generally nausea and vomiting; and usually there is pain and tenderness in the 
epigastrium. The bowels are at first costive, but afterwards become loose, and 
there are frequent evacuations of dark, offensive matter. 

Causes. — This disease is produced by malarial exhalations from the decom- 
position of vegetable matter. It is most prevalent in hot climates, and in 
the summer and autumn. 

Treatment. — If the fever be in the formative stage, and has not fully 
developed itself, give an emetic (see page 180), and follow it with a mild 
cathartic— rochelle salts, 2 drs.; bi-carbonate of soda, 2 scruples; water, J^ pt. 
Mix. To this mixture add 35 grains of tartaric acid, and take the whole 
foaming. This is the recipe for Seidlitz powders. 

If the disease be already developed, sponge the body all over several times 
a day with cold or tepid water, according to the feelings of the patient, and 
give cooling drinks. To moderate the fever give 3 to 10-drop doses of tincture 
or fluid extract of veratrum viride. The compound powder of Ipecac and 
opium is a valuable preparation for the same purpose. Give cold water as 
drink, if desired by the patient, or let him eat ice. 

When the headache is very severe, let wet cups be applied upon the 
temples, or behind the ears; and the same remedy to the pit of the stomach, 
when there is great tenderness, is often desirable; though a mustard plaster 
will sometimes do better. 


During the remissions of the fever, quinine and other tonics are to be 
given, as in fever and ague. 

AGrUE.— What is generally called ague is also known by all these names, 
which mean one and the same thing. Doctors generally say " intermittent 
fever," and what will cure it are also known as "anti-periodics." The two fol- 
lowing recipes for ague originated with Dr. B. F. Humphreys, of Tyler, Texas, 
as substitutes, or to be used instead of quinine. He published them in the 
Eclectic Medical Journal, more especially for the benefit of other physichns; 
but if they are good for physicians, and I know they are, to use upon their 
patients and save the expense of quinine, they are as certainly good for the 
people to have them prepared by druggists for their own use. I have confi- 
dence in them, hence I give them. Dr. Humphreys gave the recipe for the 
" solution" to make 16 pts. (2 gals.), so that physicians could make up enough 
for a whole neighborhood; but I have reduced it by 16, so that families will 
make only 1 pt. If desired to make in larger quantities, simply keep the same 
proportions. The pills I will give for 240, as he gave them; if less are needed, 
to keep the proportions is all that is necessary. They are as follows: 

1. Ague Solution, Pills and Liniment for— Without Qui- 
nine. — I. Solution, or Br. Humphreys' " Tip-Top Tonic." — Sulphate of cin- 
chonia, 1 dr. ; sulphate of strychnia, 2 grs.; tinct. of stillingia, J^ pt.; tinct. of 
enonymus (wahoo), 4 ozs. ; tincts. of leptandra (Culver's physic) and of podo- 
phyllum (mandrake), each 2 ozs. ; oil of wintergreen, to flavor, (15 or 20 drops, 
only, in a little alcohol), and elixir of vitriol (aromatic sulphuric acid), to dis- 
solve the sulphates. Directions. — Rub the sulphate of strychnia, first, in a 
mortar; then put in the sulphate of cinchonia, and rub together, and add to 
them as much aromatic sulphuric acid as necessary to dissolve them; then put 
into the bottle with the other articles, shake well, and it is ready for use. 
Dose. — For adults, 1 tea-spoonful 4 or 5 times daily. For a child, 3 times as 
many drops as it is years old, same number of times daily as for adults. 

Remarks — Dr. Humphreys called this his "Calisaya Anti-Periodic: or, 
Tip-Top Tonic," and considered it as cheap and efficient as anything that can be 
got up. "Calisaya " is the name which the Indians of South America applied to 
what we know as Peruvian bark; hence the Doctor applies it here, as he knew 
all physicans, for whom he was writing, would know what he meant, i. e., that 
the sulphate of cinchonia and calisaya was made from the Peruvian bark. 

2. Ague, or Chills and Fever — Simple Cure Without 
Quinine. — H. Q. D. Brown, of Copiah Co., Miss., gives the following as a 
certain and thoroughly tried cure for fever and ague: "Take 1 pt. of cotton- 
seed; 2 pts. of water boiled to 1; strain and take warm 1 hour before the 
attack. Many persons will doubtless laugh at this simple remedy; but I have 
tried it effectually, and unhesitatingly say it is better than quinine, and could I 
obtain the latter article at a dime a bottle, I would infinitely prefer the cotton- 
seed tea. It will not only cure invariably, but permanently, and is not at all 
unpleasant to the taste." 


3. Ague or " Chills " — Positive Cure, witli Quinine. — This 

receipt is from Dr. Joseph Spaiilding, of Lafayette, Ind., in answer to an inquiry 
from a lady through the Blade Household, which explains itself. He says: 

"Dear Madam: — You say 'don't prescribe whiskey nor quinine,' hut I will, 
and I know whereof I speak, as I was a sufferer with the ague for three years, 
in the malarial district of Indiana, and this cured me, and I have not had a 
chill for five years; and I am sure it will do as much for others. The toper 
who takes his morning bitters out of this, will not want them a second time 
from the same bottle. 

I. "A thorough cathartic. Now, I mean thorough when I say it. 

II. " Two days after take quinine in 6 gr. doses every 4 to 6 hours, just as 
you can stand it, till you have missed a chill; then take the following: 

III. Tonic Bitters, to Strengtiien and Tone up the System after Ague, oi 
Chills and Fever have been broken, or for General Use. — "Tinct. capsicum, 1 dr.; 
citrate of iron and quinine, 1 oz. ; comp. tinct. of gentian, 1 oz. ; elixir cin 
chonia, 2 ozs. ; whiskey, 5 ozs. Dose — Take 1 tablespoonful 3 times daily 
just after meals." 

The elixir of cinchonia is also known as " elixir of calisaya," or "elixir oJ 
bark," meaning, of Peruvian bark. It is made as follows: Peruvian bark, 1 oz.; 
fresh orange peel, 14. oz. , cinnamon bark, coriander seeds and angelica seeds, 
each 3 drs. ; caraway and anise seeds, each 1 dr. ; brandy and water, as given 
below; simple syrup, 10 ozs. Bruise or coarsely grind the bark and aromatics, 
and treat them with brandy until 10 ozs. are obtained; then continue the perco- 
lation with equal parts of brandy and water, until 22 ozs. have been obtained; 
then add the syrup to make 2 pts. tonic and cordial. 

Remarks. — I know that some people object to using quinine, believing that 
it causes rheumatic or other pains, etc. , but I am well satisfied that the pains, or 
other difllculties supposed to come from the quinine, came from the disease, ot 
the climate, and not from the use of the quinine. It is not only a perfectly safe 
remedy, but is indeed a valuable antiperiodic and strengthening medicine. It 
can be obtained anjTvhere, and will cure ague everywhere, with only an occj»- 
sional exception. The position I have taken above, that it is the disease, C 
malaria in the system, that causes the pain in the bones, etc., and not the qu^ 
nine that does it, I have since seen, is also claimed to be the fact by some of ou? 
most eminent pysicians. 

4. Ague, or Chills and Fever — Certain Cure for. — Quinine 
31 grs. ; aromatic sulphuric acid and laudanum, each, 31 drops; water, 3 ozs- 
Dose — A teaspoonful 3 times a day, before meals. 

Remarks. — This was given me by Mrs. Catharine Baldwin, of Toledo, O.. 
formerly of Put-in-Bay, where she obtained it, and knew of its curing severai 
of the most obstinate or long standing chronic cases, which " noiliing," as the 
saying goes, "would cure." I have used it with success, making onlV" this dif- 
ference with the receipt: Using 40 grs. of the quinine and 40 (kops of the oil ov 
vitriol and laudanum, in 4 ozs. of water (to make the quantity a little roore); 
then, for an adult, directing a tablespoonful three hours, two hours and ope hour, 
before the chill should commence — which will break it. After that, 1 tea-spoo}'*' 
ful 3 times daily, just after meals, till all is taken, will cure most cases. 


5. Ague Pills, Very Cheap and Very Effective, Without 
Quinine. — Chinoidine, 1 oz. ; do vers powders, 3 drs. ; piperine, 40 grs. ; sub 
carbonate of iron, 2^^ drs.; stiff mucilage of gum arabic sufficient to work 
*nto pills, and mix very intimately and make into usual sized pills. [The author 
would say to make into 440 pills, to be sure to have 1 gr. of chinoidine in each 
pill.] Dose. — Take 2 pills every 2 hours until 6 or 8 are taken, in the absence 
of fever. After the first day 2 pills 3 times a day, just before meals, in the 
absence of chills or fever. 

Remarks. — This recipe is decidedly a good one, either as an ague cure or af 
a general tonic. Chinoidine pills, however, in warm weather get soft and 
should, therefore, have plenty of powdered liquorice root among them to pre- 
vent their sticking together; but from this tendency the following, in liquid 
form, may be preferable: 

6. Chinoidine for Ague— How to Give It.— C. E. Ellis, M. D., of 
Gooch's Mill, Mo., in answer to an inquiry of Dr. A. Barry, of Dresden, Tex., 
in The Brief, page 505, 1883, for " a convenient mode of administering chinoid- 
ine," made the following answer: " The following is a prescription used by 
my father and myself with no dissatisfaction from any patient, except one col- 
ored woman, who complained of nausea after taking: Chinoidine, 2 ozs.; 
alcohol, 1 pt. ; nitric acid, dilute (a formula druggists understand), 1 oz. ; aro- 
matic syrup of rhei. (rhubarb), Sozs. ; water, 8 ozs. Mix. Dose. — When dis- 
solved, take 1 tea-spoonful before meals and bedtime. If Dr. Barry will try 
this mode of giving the chinoidine he will find it all I recommend it to be. I 
have used it a great deal, and I hope he may have as good success with it as I 
have had," 

Remarks. — Being so much cheaper than quinine is the main reason for its 
use. For those who oppose the use of quinine, and all similar ingredients, as 
cinchonidia or chinoidine, and would like to try a novel, yet a simple, cure, I 
give the following: 

7. Ague and Fever, Wovel but Simple Cure. — Take a medium- 
sized nutmeg and char it by holding it to a flame by sticking a piece of wire 
inside, permitting it to burn by itself vrithout disturbance; when charred, pul- 
verize it and combine with it an equal quantity of burned alum and divide into 
three powders. On the commencement of the chill give a powder. If this 
does not break it, give the second powder on the appearance of the next chill, 
and if not cured the third powder must be given as the succeeding chill comes 
on. Usually the first powder effects a cure, and it is seldom that the third pow- 
der will be required. The bowels should always be acted upon by a purgative 
previous to their administration. It is certainly deserving attention, though I 
do not pretend to accoimt for its action. — Prof. King. 

Remarks. — Pfvof. King says he has "known it to have cured several cases 
of intermittent fever" (fever and ague), and also says he has "been assured of 
its almost imiversal success in this disease;" and also adds that "it is recom. 
mended for the cure of other forms of fever." I am, like himself, unable to 
give a reason why or how it should so act; but that it has so acted I have not a 


8. Ague Pills for Obstinate Cases.— Alcoliolic ex, of nux vomica, 
10 grs. ; quinine, 30 grs. ; pulverized capsicum, 20 grs. Dikections — Mix very 
thoroughly and divide into 30 pills. First give an active cathartic to get a good 
action upon the bowels; then give 2 of the pills an hour before eating, 3 times 
daily, until cured, then 1 pill for a dose the same way until all are taken. 

Remarks. — This was from an old physician in Tennessee to a Baptist min- 
ister who had had ague a long time, not being able to get it cured. This did 
the work. He gave it to my cousin, Dr. A. B. Moon, of Toledo, O., who says 
he failed only in a single case for the many years he had used it. 

9. Ague, Tonic Elixir for. — Tinct. of capsicum, 1 dr.; citrate of iron 
and quinine and compound tincture of gentian (the first is in crystals, the lat- 
ter a fluid), each, 1 oz. ; elixir of cinchonia, 7 ozs. Mix. Dose — From 1 to 2 
tea-spoonsful 3 times daily, just after meals; for a general tonic, once in 1 to 2 
hours; if to break up an ague, 4 doses at least, the last to be taken one hour 
before the chill returns. 

Remarks. — I know this to be a valuable tonic whenever one is needed. 

10. Ague, Tonic Pills for. — Sulphate of cinchonia (made from the 
Peruvian bark), 40 grs. ; arsenious acid, 1 gr. ; iron reduced (ferri pulvis, or 
iron in a pulverized state) and solid ex. of gentian, each, 1 dr. Mix thoroughly 
and make into 40 pills. Dose — As a general tonic, 1 pill 1 hour after each 
meal and at bedtime; or, if handier, half an hour before meals and at bedtime; 
to break up an ague, 2 pills, 4, 3, 2, and 1 hour before the chill should begin; 
then 4 daily for a few days as above. 

11. Ague, Elixir, or German Cure for. — Quinine, 16 grs.; quin- 
idia and cinchonidia, each, 20 grs. ; comp. tinct. of Peruvian bark and tinct. of 
columbo, each, 2 ozs. ; tinct. of rhubarb, 1 oz. ; aromatic sulphuric acid, to cut 
the sulphates, and "Simple Elixir," to fill an 8 oz. bottle. [Lest some per 
sons may want to have druggists fill this recipe, in small places where they may 
not have the simple elixir, I give the formula, it is as follows: Spirits, or essence 
of orange, J^ oz.; essence of cinnamon, 10 drops; alcohol, 4 ozs.; simple syrup 
and water, each 6 ozs. ; mix.] Dose — 1 teaspoonful every 3 hours, till the 
ague is broken; then 8 times daily, etc., as with other tonics. 

Remarks. — I obtained this recipe of G. M. Nill, a druggist and pharmacist, 
of Broadway, Toledo, O. ; and I had it filled by him several times, finding it 
very valuable. In one family the lady used it first, for herself, then for a child 
and finally for her father, successfully in each case, and I have used it in sev- 
eral other cases with equal success. Notice this, in this prescription, it con- 
tains three of the best anti-periodic and tonic preparations made from the Peru- 
vian bark, and besides the compound tincture of bark itself, which will account 
for the great success I have had, and which I believe others will have, with its 
use, either as a cure for the ague or to prevent its return, and also as a general 

12. Ague, Tonic Febrifuge for — Not Needing a Cathartic 
Before Commencing its Use. — Quinine, 40 grs. ; elixir of taraxacum 
(dandelion), 2 ozs. ; simple syrup to fill an 8 oz. bottle. Shake when taking. 


Dose — Foi an adult, 1 table-spoonful, or a- small swallow, 3 or 4 times daily; 
for a child of 6 to 12 years., a dessert-spoonful; 3 to 6 years, 1 tea-spoonful; if 
very young, y^ tea-spoonful. 

Remarks. — The beauty of this is, the elixir of dandelion acts on the liver 
and bowels, so you do not have to wait to take cathartics before you begin with 
the febrifuge. It is best, however, with this, as before remarked in several 
places, to begin with the doses 4, 3, 2 and 1 hour before the chill would come 
on. I obtained this from a friend of mine in Toledo — M. 0. Waggoner — who 
has been familiar with its use for several years, and says ' ' there is no equal to 
it." I have taken it, and given it to others, with entire satisfaction. It is 
indeed a febrifuge (opposed to fever) worthy of the name. 

13. Fevers in Low, Wet Country— Dr. Buchan's Preventive 
and Cure. — Best red, unground Peruvian bark, 2 ozs. ; Virginia snake root, 
root, 2 ozs. ; gentian root and orange peel, each 1 oz. ; brandy or good whiskey, 
1 qt. ; or whiskey and good worked cider, each 1 pt., will do nicely. Direc- 
tions — Grind coarsely, or bruise, and put into the spirit, and shake daily for 10 
or 12 days, before using. Dose — Two table-spoonfuls immediately after each 
meal, either as a preventive or a cure. 

Remarks. — Dr. Buchan, of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburg, 
Scotland, in his Domestic Medicine, claims this to be the remedy for fluxes, 
putrid intermittents, and all other fevers in low, wet countries of an unhealthy 
climate. It is certainly valuable, as the gentian improves the appetite and the 
snake root benefits the kidneys and skin. 

14. Ague and Fever, How to Avoid. — The foregoing remedies 
will cure ague, or chills and fever; but an important question is, how to avoid 
or prevent having them. To do this successfully, avoid exposure to the damp 
air of the early morning, except when exercising; and then do not remain in 
the open air to cool off. Avoid great fatigue; sleep eight hours of the twenty- 
four. Be sure that the water used for drinking and cooking is perfectly pure. 
Wear flannel underclothing at all seasons. Keep the feet dry and warm. And, 
after being careful in all these particulars, if you get the ague, take your choice 
in the foregoing list of remedies to cure it, until you can leave the ague district 
for a more healthy location. 


correspondent writes to the Scientific American this remedy for cinders in the 
eye: "A small camel's-hair brush dipped in water and passed over the ball of 
the eye on raising the lid. The operation requires no skill, takes but a moment, 
and instantly removes any cinder or particle of dust or dirt without inflaming 
the eye." 

2. Anotlier writer says: " Persons traveling much by railway are subject 
to continual annoyance from the flying cinders. On getting into the eyes they 
are not only painful for the moment, but are often tlae cause of long suffering 
that ends in a total loss of sight. A very simple and effective cure is within 
the reach of every one, and would prevent much suffering and expense were it 
more generally known. It is simply one or two grains of flax seed. It is said 


they may be placed in the eye without injury or pain to that delicate organ, 
and shortly they begin to swell and dissolve a glutinous substance that covers 
the ball of the eye, enveloping any foreign substance that may be in it. The 
irritation or cutting of the membrane is thus prevented, and the annoyance may 
soon be washed out. A dozen of these grains stowed away in the vest pocket 
may prove, in an emergency, worth their number in gold dollars." 

1. ACCIDENTS, POISONING, ETC.— Short Rules for Man- 
agement. — Prof. Wilder, of New York, gives the following short rules to 
govern the action in such cases: 

I. For dust in the eyes, avoid rubbing, and dash water into themj 
remove cinders, etc., with the rounded end of a lead-pencil. 

II. Remove insects from the ear by tepid water; never put a hard instru- 
ment into the ear. 

IIL If an artery is cut, compress above the wound; if a vein is cut, com- 
press below, 

IV. If choked, get upon all fours and cough. 

V. For light burns, dip the part in cold water; if the skin is destroyed, 
cover with varnish. 

VI. Smother a fire with carpets, etc. ; water will often spread burning oil, 
and increase the danger. 

VII. Before passing through smoke take a full breath, and then stoop low; 
but if carbonic acid is suspected, then walk erect, 

VIII. Suck poisoned wounds, unless your mouth is sore. Enlarge the 
wound, or better, cut out the part without delay. Hold the wounded part as 
long as can be borne to a hot coal or end of a cigar. 

IX. In case of poisoning, excite vomiting by tickling the throat, or by 
warm water, or mustard and water, or salt and water, always warm, if possible. 

X. For acid poisons give alkalies. 

XI. For opium poisoning give strong coffee and keep moving. 

XII. If you fall in water float on the back, with the nose and mouth pro- 
jecting. (See falling into the river, etc.) 

XIII. For apoplexy raise the head and body; for fainting lay the person 

2. Quick Emetics for Accidental Poisoning. — Another writer 
gives the following instructions for the management in accidents, poisoning, 
etc. He says: " Quickly mix a couple of ounces of powdered chalk or magne- 
sia with a pint of milk and swallow the whole at one draught. Then run the 
finger down the throat and move it gently from side to side. This will induce 
vomiting; after which drink freely of warm milk and water and repeat the 
vomiting. Milk is an antidote for almost all poisons, narcotics excepted, espe- 
cially if used promptly, and followed by vomiting. In narcotic poisoning, as 
by laudanum, opium or morphine, promptly give an emetic of mustard and 
water, followed by copious draughts of warm water and salt, until vomiting is 
induced. Keep the patient moving, and do not allow him to sleep. Send in 
haste for your family physician." 


3. Poisoning by Accident or Intention, What to do. — Another 
medical writer on tlie subject of accidental or intentional poisoning, says: 'To 
neutralize any poisonous mineral or vegetable, taken intentionally or by acci-. 
aent swallow 2 gills (3^ pt.) of sweet oil; for a strong constitution, more oil." 

Remarks — The sweet oil is good and a bottle of it ought to be kept in 
every house, to meet, immediately, any emergency of this kind; but lard oil or 
even melted lard will do Vomiting is also very important. 

4. Poisoning by Poison Ivy — Remedy. — Bromine, ISgrs., ruobed 
in 1 oz. of olive oil, or glycerine, and apply 3 or 4 times daily; one appli- 
cation at bed-time has been found effectual; a poultice of clay-mud has also 
cured many cases. 

5 Poison Ivy— Poisoning Cured by an Old Fox Hunter.— 
The following was sent to Forest and Stream, which explains itself The writer 
says: " I have probably suffered more from poison ivy than any other man. 
Three times in one summer I have been blind from its effects. I have tried 
every remedy without success, until last summer. I was out shooting, and, 
with my usual luck, I got another dose that confined me to the house. I could 
not walk An old fox hunter living in the neighborhood, hearing of my con- 
dition, came to see me, and brought me a remedy that acted like magic. In 3 
days time I was up and enjoying what I love better than anything else in this 
world, the best of all field sports — fall woodcock shooting. I give you the 
recipe: Take 1 pt. of the bark of black spotted alder and 1 qt. of water, and 
boil down to 1 pt Wash the poisoned parts a dozen times a day, if conven- 
ient; it will not injure you." 

Remarks. — Perhaps the better plan is to learn that the poison ivy has its 
leaves in clusters of three, while the non-poisonous has its leaves in clusters of 
five; knowing this, keep clear of the poisonous. 

6. Poisoning by the Poison Oak, Remedy.— J. B. Murfree, M. 
D., of Murfreesboro, Tenn., says he has found the blacK wash made of calo- 
mel and lime-water (calomel, 1 dr. to lime-water, 1 pt.), an invariable success 
for several years. — Medical Brief . This is supported by the following, also from 
the Brief, by Dr. James A Douglass, of Poland, 0., under the head of: 

7. Poisoning by Rhus, wherein he says: "Since the discovery by 
Professor Maisch, that the toxic (poisoning) quality was due to an acid, which 
he denominated toxicodendric acid, the treatment has been based upon a true 
Bcientific basis {i e., that alkalies neutralize acids, and vice mrsa, that acids 
neutralize alkalies), I therefore," he continues. " apply alkalies to neutralize the 
acid. I prefer," he also says, "the liquor calcis (lime-water) applied locally; 
in severe cases use internally also. I sometimes combine it (the lime-water) 
Tvith soda bi-carbonate, or hydrate of chloral. 1 oz. to 1 pt. " This he closes 
by sajing is as near a specific (positive cure) as any one could wish. (See tumor, 
poison wound, and wild vine poisoning, earth cure for.) 

8. Poisoning by Henbane, Tobacco, or Stramonium, and 

Bites of Snakes— Remedy.— The oil of sassafras has been found a remedy 
against the poison of these articles. Given in 15 drop doses, 30 minutes apart. 


for six doses, restored consciousness when the flowers of stramonium had been 
eaten by a boy 4 years old; after which a dose of castor-oil was given to work 
it off by the bowels. 

Remarks. — This is from a Dr. A. W. Lyle, of Castleton, Ind., in Medical 
Brief, in which he also gives Dr. Thompson's account of the value of oil of 
sassafras for henbane and tobacco poisoning, and also says: " It will destroy all 
insect life, and is an effectual antidote for the bite of venomous copperhead 
snakes." He recommends all physicians to try it, and, the author thinks, it is 
equally good for the people. He does not give the dose in these last cases; but 
if a boy of four years can take 15 drops, an adult may take at least 40. And in 
the snake-bites. I would rub it on the wounds also, and repeat as he directs. 

Mixing Spirits of Turpentine "with it. — "A preventive for those acci- 
dents which so frequently occur in the administration of chloroform to produce 
anaesthesia (insensibility to pain) has been suggested by Dr. Wachsmuth, of 
Berlin, Germany: the method consisting simply in the addition of one part of 
the rectified oil of turpentine (spirits of turpentine) to five parts of chloroform. 
The oil of turpentine in vapor appears to exert a stimulating or life-giving effect 
on the lungs, and protects those organs from passing into that paralyzed state 
which seems to be produced by chloroform narcosis (to benumb, or to become 
unconscious). It appears that Dr. Wachsmuth, while lying on a sick-bed, acci- 
dentally breathed the vapor of turpentine, and he experienced from this a 
strongly refreshing feeling — a fact which induced him to try the plan of adding 
oil of turpentine to chloroform when using the latter for anaesthetic purposes." 

Remarks. — People, even physicians, speak unadvisedly when they say oil 
of turpentine, meaning the spirits, as it should be called ; there is no oil of tur- 
pentine proper. The sticky mass, as it runs from the trees, is distilled, when it 
becomes very limpid, i. e., pure and clear, having scarcely an appearance of 
oil — clear as water, as the common saying is. The only object of this explana- 
tion is, that no one shall suppose that there is an oil, and a spirit, too ; they ar* 
both one and the same thing. 

2. Accident from Chloroform— To Prevent by Management. 

—It is believed that many of the deaths from the administration of chloroform 
have arisen by the patient lying upon the back, and the tongue, from loss of 
muscular power or contractility, has fallen back into the throat and thus suffo- 
cated the patient. This should certainly be looked to by everyone who admin- 
isters it The tongue can be held with a cloth, if need be. 

I see also by a recent statement in the Ann Arbor Register that Dr. McLean, 
of the University of Michigan, in his surgical practice of 25 years, prefers 
chloroform to any other anaesthetic, and has never had a death occur from it. 
nor seen a death by its use. He has always used if when necessary, and is a 
strong advocate for its use, and, all things considered, prefers it to ether. With 
the foregoing cautions as to the breathing, to prevent suffocation from the 
iongue falling over the glottis while the muscles are all relaxed by the chloro- 
form, there need be no apprehension of danger from it; still, I can see no 
abjection to mixing the turpentine with it. 


The London Lancet confirms the idea advanced above, about the attention 
to the tongue, in the following words: " Death from chloroform need never 
occur, according to the doctrine of Syme, Lister and Hughes (all celebrated 
surgeons) if this simple rule is observed: Never mind the pulse, never mind the 
heart, leave the pupil (of the eye) to itself. But keep your eye on the breath- 
ing, and if it becomes embarrassed to a grave extent, take an artery forceps 
and pull the tongue well out. (A piece of cloth in the fingers will hold the 
tongue with but little difficulty.) Syme never lost a case from chloroform, 
although he gave it five thousand times " 

PALLING INTO DEEP WATER — What to do for Those 
Who Cannot Swim. — For those who may fall into deep water, and can- 
not swim, it is thought best that a little fuller instructions ought to be given- 

I. "When one falls into deep water let it always be remembered that he 
will rise to the surface at once ; and now is the time to remember, also, that 
he must not raise the arms nor hands above the water, except there be some- 
thing to take hold of ; if he does it will sink the head so low he cannot breathe. 

II. Any motion of the hands may be made under the water, as you 
please, without endangering the life, for if the water is quiet, the head being 
thrown a little back, the face will float above the surface, unless heavy boots or 
clothing bear one down. 

III. And a motion of the legs as if walking up stairs, while it can be 
borne, keeping the perpendicular as nearly as possible, will greatly aid in keep- 
ing one afloat until help arrives; and even good swimmers had better not ex- 
haust themselves, if a boat is coming, only to keep afloat. (See also drowned 
persons, rules for resuscitation, etc.) 


1. Salve or Plaster for Chaps, Cracks, etc. — Rosin, 10 ozs.; 
mutton tallow, 2 ozs. ; beeswax, 1 oz. Directions — Simmer together and 
work as shoemakers do their wax, and make it into convenient rolls. Spread 
on slips of cloth to suit the place, and apply as hot as the flesh will bear it — 
it will need no tying. If too stiff in very cold weather use a little more tallow 
and beeswax, or a little less rosin. 

2. Ointment of St. John's Wort and Stramonium, for 
Tumors, Bruised and Blackened Spots, etc.— Tops and flowers, 
recently picked, of St. John's wort {hypericum 'perforatum), fresh stramonium 
leaves, each % ^^- 5 ^^^d, 1 lb. Dikections — Bruise the herbs and put into 
the lard and gently heat for an hour, then strain. Rub and heat into the swell- 
ings, caked breasts, hard- tumors and ecchymosed spots (spots which have 
been bruised and the blood settled under the skin) thoroughly. 

Remarks. — Prof. King also says the saturated (as strong as can be made) 
tincture of the St. John's wort is nearly as valuable as that of arnica, for 
bruises, and may be substituted for it in many cases. (See also the recipe for 
coughs, colds, hoarseness, etc., for the further value of St. John's wort.) 


3. Salve or Ointment for Cuts, Sores and Cracks made in 
Husking, Salt-Rheum, Scurvey, Head Boils, etc. — Mutton tallow, 3 
lbs.; rosin, 1)4, lbs. ; sal-ammoniac (crystals) ,2 ozs.; sweet oil, 1 pt. Directions 
— Melt the rosin and tallow togetlier; dissolve sal-ammoniac in a little water, i«£ter 
having powdered it fine, then stir it into the mixture; put in the oil, or enough 
of it to reduce to a paste, or ointment, then place in boxes, or a jar that can be 
covered. To apply, it is best to keep a little of the sal-ammoniac dissolved in a 
little water, sufficient to give the water rather a sharp taste, and first wet the 
part to which the ointment is to be applied, with the sal-ammoniac water. The 
healing will be quick and satisfactory. 

Remarks. — I obtained this from a Welsh blacksmith at IMoawequa, III., 
who thought it had no equal in the world as a healing ointment, or salve, as he 
called it. It will be found valuable for cracked fingers in husking, as well as 
for general purposes. 

4. Itch Ointment, or Wash, Preferable to the Old Method.— 

Quicklime (good stone lime, just slacked), 1 part; sulphur, 3 parts; water, 10 
parts; by weight say % oz. of the lime, 1 oz. of the sulphur, and 5 ozs. of 
water, make the right proportions. Directions — Boil together in a porcelain 
dish, stirring constantly with a stick, till it is the shade of cinnamon essence. 
When cool, bottle and keep corked. Apply a small quantity to the parts affected. 
Remarks. — This is from Dr. A. B. Mason, who says of it: "It is much 
Tiicer to use than the old sulphur ointment: and will effect a cure with fewer 
applications." It can be relied upon. 

5. Ointment and Salve for General Purposes, Norton's.— 

I. For the ointment, lard, 1 lb.; rosin, 5 ozs.; beeswax and gum camphor, 
each 2 ozs. ; oil of origanum and spirits of turpentine, each 1 oz. Directions 
— Melt the lard, rosin and beeswax together; break up the camphor gum as fine 
as you can, and when you remove the first from the fire, after all are melted, 
stir in the gum and continue to stir till the camphor gum is melted and all is 
quite cool; then put in the origanum and turpentine, and keep stirring until it 
sets, or stiffens; box, or put in a fruit can, and cover to exclude air. 

Remarks. — " It is good, very good, for all general purposes," says my sister, 
Mrs. Norton, from whom I obtained it. 

II. For the Salve. — Use 5 lbs. of rosin; and in place of the lard use 6 ozs. 
of mutton tallow; all the other ingredients as for the ointment, and melt; 
but as soon as the gum camphor is melted, and after having removed it from 
the fire, put in the oil and turpentine, and stir well for a minute or two; then 
pour into cold water, and pull and work the same as shoemaker's wax; then 
roll into sticks, and wrap each stick by itself. 

Remarks. — Valuable as a strengthening salve or plaster to apply over all 
weaknesses, rheumatic and other pains, anywhere on body or limbs. 

6. Glycerine Ointment for Chapped Hands, Lips or Face, 
Chafes, Hemorrhoids, etc. — Oil of sweet almond, 2 ozs. ; spermaceti and 
white wax, each 3^ oz. ; best glycerine, 1 oz. ; oil of rose, a little. Directions 
—Melt the spermaceti and wax in the oil of almond by gentle heat; then stir in 




the glycerine and oil of rose, and put up in small jars or wide-mouthed bottlea 
In cold weather it must be warmed to apply. Keep covered or corked. 

6)^. Balm of Gilead Ointment or Oil.— Take any quantity of Balm 
of Gilead Buds, place them in a suitable dish for stewing, pour over them suffi- 
cient melted lard to cover them — or to make the Balm of Gilead Oil, pour the 
same quantity of sweet oil — stew thoroughly, then press out all of the oil from 
the buds, and bottle ready for use. 

This will be found to be a very excellent ointment for cuts, bruises, etc., 
and the oil will also be found to be very healing. 

7. Salve, or Balsam, for Wounds, Cracks, or Internal Pains. 
—Rosin, 23^ lbs. ; spirits of turpentine, 1 qt. ; balsam of fir, 4 ozs. ; oil of hem- 
lock, 2 ozs. Directions — Melt the rosin, and remove from the fire; then, when 
a little cool, stir in the fir, turpentine, and last, the oil of hemlock, continuing 
to stir until cool enough to remain permanently mixed. 

Reviarks. — I saw this salve on the hands of a Mr. E. B. Mason, a farmer 
of Ann Arbor, Mich., upon cracks and a wound of considerable extent. 
Noticing its white appearance and adliesiveness, I inquired about it; he told me 
he had used it for several years, and thought it had no equal for wounds, sores, 
cracks from husking, etc., and also as a "plaster" over any internal pains 
whatever. He spoke of it so highly that I was induced to obtain it for my 
Third Book. I know it must be valuable; but I think it will prove too soft 
<or hot weather. Then to use only half of the spirits of turpentine and possibly 
1.^ lb. more rosin is all the modification needed to adapt it as a plaster to be 
applied to other parts of the body. It would be very valuable to wear over a 
sore breast, whether from strain or soreness of the lungs. See also the Centen- 
nial Recipes from " Poor Will's" Almanac, at the close of this department, for 
an ointment for these purposes. 

8. Salve for Inflamed Wounds, Prom Taking Cold in Them. 

—Lard, 8 ozs., melted 3 or 4 times, and cooled each time in cold water (vaseline 
or cosmoline is now used without the purification, and will do as well, and pos- 
sibly better,); then stew in it 2 fair sized onions sliced, and strain. This 
is an excellent salve for inflamed wounds. Apply twice or thrice daily, as 
needed. Twice is enough unless excessive ulceration, or running of consider- 
able matter 

9. Salve, Carbolic, for Burns, Sores, etc.— Lard, 10 ozs.; white 
wax, 5 ozs.; balsam of fir and carbolic acid, each 1 oz. Directions — Melt 
the lard and wax together, then add the fir, and when it begins to thicken, by 
cooling, stir in the carbolic acid, and put up in tin boxes, or a suitable jar, 
covered tightly for use. 

Remarks. — The balsam of fir is very soothing and healing, and makes the 
salve stick better to burns or other open sores, at the same time it hides the dis- 
agreeable odor of the carbolic acid Many persons think there is no salve equal 
to those made with the carbolic acid. I think vaseline, 10 ozs., would be better 
than the lard as above giveru 


10. Salve, or Ointment, Green, for Old Sores, TJlcers, Can- 
cers, etc. — Rosin and beeswax, each 1 oz. ; mutton tallow or lard, 4 ozs.; 
pulverized verdigris, 1 dr. Directions— Melt the two first together and stir 
in the verdigris, stirring till cold. Dress the sores, ulcers or wounds, above 
named, morning and evening, after cleaning them properly with castile soap, 
if necessary, and apply a mixture of equal parts of tinctures of myrrh, aloes 
and blood-root. And if any fungus (proud flesh), sprinkle on powdered blood- 
root or finely pulverized burned alum, then the salve, or more properly, the 

Remarks. — Dr. Gunn thinks this a very valuable treatment, especially for 
old or long standing ulcers. 

11. Salve or Poultice, Robinson's, for Sores, Inflammation, 

etc. — Scrape plenty of raw potatoes and thicken it with finely pulverized char- 
coal. Apply freely to the sore, or inflamed part, and renew as often as it 
becomes dry, or once in 3 or 4 hours. 

Remarks. — It cured a boy's leg which had been injured in such a way 
as to cause a large sore and extensive swelling, becoming so bad the doc- 
tors expected amputation would be necessary; but a neighbor recommended this 
salve, or poultice, which cured and saved the leg. Then it will do it for others 

11. A flaxseed poultice thickened with pulverized charcoal will prevent 
the spreading, or extension, of mortification, separating the mortified parts 
from the healthy, at least it did this once on my own person, when only a boy, 
where one of my feet, and some of the toes, had been badly crushed by a 
threshing machine and mortification set in. Fail not to try one or the other, 
as occasion may demand. 

12. Pumpkin Poultice for Painful Inflammations, Swell- 
ings, etc. — A correspondent of the New York Farmers* Club, published in 
the American Agriculturist, gives an instance in which a woman's arm was 
swollen to an enormous size and painfully inflamed. A poultice was made of 
stewed pumpkins, which was renewed every 15 minutes, and in a short time 
produced a perfect cure. The fever drawn out by the poultices made them 
extremely offensive as they were taken off. 

Remarks. — In such cases after the inflammation is reduced by the poultices 
some good, mild liniment, like Mrs. Chase's, should be applied from time to 
time, for the purpose of strengthening, healing, etc. 

13. Salve and Other Treatment— For Quinsy and Gathered 
Breast. — I. Obtain oil of spike, sweet-oil, British oil and spirits of turpen- 
tine, each 1 oz. Put lard, 1 pt., over the fire in a suitable dish, and burn or heat 
it till it is a brown color, then remove from the fire, and, when cool enough 
to allow the finger in it, add the oils and mix well. 

II Take oats, 1 gal. , and put in a kettle, with vinegar to cover, and boil ; 
then fill two woolen stockings with the boiled oats, and sew up, and keep steam- 
ing hot, or as hot as can be borne, upon the neck; now grease the throat thor- 
•ughly with the salve, and apply one of the stockings to drive in the salve. 


changing every 10 mimites, greasing well each change until the sweating is 
kept up 2 or 2)^ hours; then wash off with soda in warm water, change all 
damp clothing, and allow a good rest. It may be repeated next day, if needed, 
but seldom will be. It is equally good for gathered breasts; but in either case 
be careful not to take cold. 

14. Weak Back, Valuable Plaster for. — Burgundy pitch and 
camphor gum, each 1 oz.; opium, 1 dr. Directions — Melt the pitch, and 
having broken up the camphor, and made the opium gum into as fine tits as. 
you can, stir them in and see that they are dissolved and evenly mixed. Spread 
the plaster very thinly on soft leather; wash the back with vinegar as hot as it 
can be borne; then rub the parts with dry flannel to make it red, and apply the 
plaster hot, and wear it as long as needed, renewing, if necessary. Kemember 
this, in applying a plaster to any place, if there is any hair where it is to be 
applied, always clip it off as close as possible, or shave it off, as thought best^ 
A bandage will have to be worn -nith this, as it will work out and soil the 
clothing without it. 

Remarks. — I obtained this recipe from Mr. Moross, of this city (Toledo), a^ 
grocer, who said he was cured by it, after he had tried all the doctors, been to 
Saratoga for a season, etc., without benefit. And he also assured me that he 
had given it to others who were very bad (the doctor claiming disease of the 
the kidneys); one who had tried everything and was going home to die, by 
using this plaster became a well man. I have tried it personally and find it 
valuable, and deem it worthy of great confidence. I would suggest, however, 
that the addition of 1 oz. of rosin to this salve would prevent its running, with- 
out injuring its value. 

15. Counter-Irritation, Croton Oil for. — In cases of chronic sore 
throat, lung coughs, asthma, bronchitis, consumption, inflammation of the 
liver, spleen, etc., as a counter-irritant, the following will be found very satis- 
factory: Croton oil, 1 dr.; spirits of turpentine, 2 drs. ; mix. Directions^ 
Which be careful to follow: With the finger rub on the mixture thoroughly, 
covering a space about the size of a silver dollar, or larger, as deemed best, from 
the amount of cough, or soreness over the part affected, 4 to 6 times; the 
finger should carry enough for the size of the dollar. In about 12 to 24 
hours, the skin becomes red, and slight pimples arise, but if they do not rise in 
36 hours rub on again in the same manner, but not quite so freely. These 
pimples will ripen into pustules, and fill with water, or a thick yellow matter, 
according to the condition of the system, and must be opened with a needle, 
and the matter pressed out and carefully wiped off with a soft cloth, then 
washed with soap suds (castile is best), and this filling and refilling ought to go 
on for 3 to 6 days. AY ash every night and morning, or at least once daily, 
according to the amount of matter, or itching which may occur. As this crop 
discontinues to run make another application as near to the first as you can, 
and continue this as long as neeaed. 

Remarks. — The above mixture makes a mild and bearable sore; while the 
croton-oil alone, as formerly used, makes ugly sores and causes terrible itching 


or sharp burning pain, and so does the old Irritating Plaster, which is not 
necessary to produce the desired effect. This raises only in pimples, while the 
old Irritating plaster ulcerates the whole siirface, and is very tedious and 
troublesome to be borne. Dr. Sykes, of Chicago, makes great use of this mix- 
ture, wherever and whenever needed, and I have used it with much satis- 

16. Spiced Plaster or Poultice, to Remove and Prevent 
Nausea and Vomiting. — Ginger, cloves, cinnamon, and black pepper, 
each 3^ oz. ; ca}'^enne pepper, }^ dr.; all these in fine powder; tinct. of ginger, 
^ oz. ; sufficient strained honey or molasses to make it to the consistency of a 
poultice — rather stiff ; apply over the stomach. 

17. Itch, Valuable Ointment for. — Lard, J^lb.; sulphur, J^oz,; 
white precipitate and benzoic acid, each 3^ dr. ; sulphuric acid and oil of berga- 
tnot, each 3^ fl. dr. ; saltpeter, 1 dr. Directions — Have the saltpeter in 
powder; melt the lard, remove from the flre, and pour into an earthen dish; 
then put in the other ingredients, stirring till cold. Anoint well, night and 
morning, until cured, which it is sure to do, as it kills the itch-mite, which bur- 
rows in the skin and causes the itch. 

18. Healing Ointment or Black Salve for Inflammations, 
Wounds, Ulcers, Burns, Etc. — Olive-oil, l}4 lbs.; bees-wax and un- 
salted butter, each 2 ozs. ; white pine pitch, called also white turpentine, 4 ozs., 
Ted lead, 3^ lb. ; honey, 6 ozs. ; powdered camphor gum, 4 ozs. Directions— 
Put the olive-oil into a suitable kettle, place on a stove, and bring it to a boiling 
heat (remembering that it takes nearly 3 times the heat to boil oil that it does to 
hoil water); then, the lead being in fine powder, stir it in, as you would make 
" mush," and continue the heat, and stirring till it becomes a shining black or 
■deep brown. Remove from the fire, the bees-wax being shaved finely, stir it in; 
then the other ingredients, the powdered camphor last. Spread on a cloth and 

19. Stimulating Ointment for Cold Feet, caused by Sweat- 
ing in Consumption and other Exhausting Diseases.— Oil of but- 
ter, 1 pt. ; oil of bergamot and strong tinct. of capsicum, each 1 oz. Direc- 
tions — To make the oil of butter, take sufficient butter and put into a kettle of 
water, boil well and stir; then set off till nest day, and take the oily butter off 
the water, put in the tincture of capsicum and simmer, to evaporate what water 
is in it; when cqqI stir in the oil of bergamot. Box tightly, or put into a large 
mouthed bottle, for use. Rub on a tea-spoonful of this, night and morning, and 
heat into the bottoms of the feet and palms of the hands, which will soften 
them, remove all hardened skin, etc. By its stimulation it helps to relieve 
their tendencies to sweating and also of a sense of heat, or burning, which is 
sometimes very annoying. 

20. Magnetic Ointment, for Burns, Cuts, Sores, etc.— Make 
the same as the above, except by using the oil of origanum in place of the 
tincture of capsicum. 

Bemarks. — This and the stimulating ointment will be found very reliable 


for what they are recommended; this last for all purposes of healing and soft- 
ening old sores as well as fresh cuts, bruises, burns, etc. 

21. Salve or Ointment, for Barber's Itch and Other Sores 
of a Chronic and Malignant Character. — A Mrs. H. J. Merrill, of 
Toledo, O. , gives me the following, which she had used many years, witli great 
success, on all bad sores of long standing, and of an irritable character: Cleanse 
the sore well with warm castile soap suds, dry carefully with soft cloths and 
apply sparingly at first, as it will "bite," to show its power over the disease. 
Gunpowder, sulphur and alum, each, powdered, 2 table-spoonfuls; unsalted 
lard, or fresh made unsalted butter, )/^ pt. Directions — Put into an earthen 
dish and stew on the back of the stove for 24 hours, strain and box for use. 

1. ITCHING (Prurigo), TO CURE — Magical.— Dilute (the medici- 
nal) hydrocyanic acid and sugar of lead, each 2 drs. ; alcohol, 3 ozs. ; distilled or 
soft water, 1 pt. Directions — Dissolve the lead in the water, then add the 
acid and shake well, then the alcohol. Wet cloths and lay upon the itching 
parts, or apply with the finger, as the case will allow, frequently. 

Remarks. — The acid is poisonous, hence keep it out of the way of children. 
It is claimed to be magical in its quick relief of itching of any part, but not 
upon open sores nor where the skin is broken. It is perfectly safe to use, when 
so extensively diluted as this is. 

2. Itching in Leucorrhoeal Cases, etc.-More recently in these cases^ 
of prurigo, or itching of the external parts, the following has been used con- 
eiderably, and, it it claimed, successfully: Bi-sulphide, or bi-sulphite, of soda, 
and soft water, each 2 ozs. ; glycerine, 3 ozs. ; mix and apply frequently, with 
clotlis, if the patient is confined to bed, to be laid upon the parts, 

3. Itching, or Prurigo, Ointment for. — My old friend, Dr. T. B. 
King, of Toledo, O., takes: Oxide of zinc ointment, 1 oz.t camphor gum, 20 
grs., grind to a fine powder, with a few drops of alcohol, and mixed in, then 
12 to 15 grs. of red precipitate, also rubbed into tlie zinc ointment. Rub a Uttle 
upon the parts, and if a fold of the skin or flesh comes together and chafes, a 
little of the ointment upon a soft cloth and put between, soon relieves. 

4. Ointment for Chafing, Itching or Prurigo. — Camphor gum 
and white wax, each 1 oz. ; mutton tallow, 2 ozs. ; red precipitate and oxide of 
zinc, each 3 drs. ; tannic acid, 1 dr. Directions — Triturate the camphor gum 
with a little alcohol, melt the tallow and wax by gentle heat, and stir, and rub 
ftll together thoroughly till cool. Used as above, or as for regular itch. 

Remarks. — When it can be obtained, the oil from 4 ounces of freshly made 
unsalted butter in place of the mutton tallow is preferable. (To make oil of 
butter see stimulating ointment, etc.) 

of Glycerine and Rose for.— A cream, or liquid, for the above purposes 
is made by using 1 oz. of white melted wax; 4 ozs. of glycerine, with oil of 
rose or other flavor to suit, 4 or 5 drops, to flavor. ^ 

2. Hands, to Soften, Remove Tan, Freckles, etc.— Lemon juice 
and glycerine, equal parts, say 1 oz. of each, will not only soften the hands^ 


but will remove tan, or sun-burn, and also freckles, by frequent applications. 
For freckles, however, I should add 3^ to 1 dr. of powdered borax, which will 
not injure it for the other purposes. (See moles, freckles, pimples, etc.) 

3. Face or Toilet Wash, in Place of Powders. — Although this 
can hardly be called a medicine, yet it seems to me to be the appropriate place 
for it, in connection with the preparations for chapped lips, hands, etc., so I 
give it a place here, knowing it to be just what many ladies, who have lost the 
naturally delicate tint of health by the cares and labors of the household, or by 
sickness, will be desirous to make use of, as I know there is nothing in it that 
will in any manner injure the skin. Finest prepared chalk, 1 oz. ; cologne and 
alcohol, each 2i^ ozs. ; distilled water, IJ^ ozs. ; glycerine, 3^ oz. ; ex. of helio- 
trope, 1 dr. Triturate, or rub the chalk, thoroughly in about 1 oz. of the spir 
its, then mis all together. Dihections — Shake the bottle well, then apply with 
a soft sponge or soft cloth, and allow to dry; then with the cloth remove the 
chalk from the face, to suit the complexion, or your taste. If too much is 
left on it will appear deadly white, rather than lively and natural. If properly 
used, as I have seen it, it is indeed very nice. 

Successful Remedy. — Wm. A. Hammond, M. D., states that he has 
recently used the bromide of calcium (l™e, from the Latin calx, lime), in a 
number of cases in which the bromides were indicated, and is satisfied of its 
great efficacy. He says: 

" The dose is from 15 to 30 grs. or more for an adult. It is especially use- 
ful in those cases in which speedy action is desirable, as, owing to its instability, 
the bromine is readily set fi'ee, and its peculiar action on the organism obtained 
more promptly than when either of the other bromides is administered. Chief 
among these effects is its hypnotic (sleep producing) influence, and hence the 
bromide of calcium is particularly beneficial in cases of delirium tremens, or 
in the insomnia (inability to sleep) resulting from intense mental labor or excite- 

" I gave a single dose of 30 grains of this to a gentleman, who, owing to 
business anxieties, had not slept for several nights, and who was in a state of great 
excitement. He soon fell into a sound sleep, which lasted for 7 hours. The 
next night, as he was wakeful, I gave him a like dose of bromide of potassium, 
but it was without effect, and he remained awake the whole night. The sub- 
sequent night he was as indisposed to sleep as he had ever been, but a dose of 
30 grains of bromide of calcium gave him 8 hours sound sleep, and he awoke 
refreshed with all unpleasant cerebral (head) symptoms — pain, vertigo, and con- 
fusion of ideas — entirely gone. 

" In a number of other instances a single dose has sufficed to induce sleep 
— a result which very rarely follows the administration of one dose of any of 
the other bromides. [Then, of course, it is better than the others, as formerly 

"In those exhausted conditions of the nervous system attended with great 
irritability, such as are frequently met with in hysterical women, and which 
are indicated by headache, vertigo, insomnia and a mental condition of extreme 
excitement, bromide of calcium lias proved in my hands of decided service. 
Combined with the syrup of the lacto-phosphate (milky phosphate) of lime, it 
scarcely leaves anything to be desired. An eligible formula is: Bromide of cal- 
cium (lime), 1 oz. ; syrup of lacto-phosphate of lime, 4 ozs.; mix. DosK — ^A 
tea-spoonful 3 times a day in a little water. 


" In epilepsy I liave thus far seen no reason for preferring it to the bromide 
of potassium or sodium, except in those cases in which the paroxysms are very 
frequent, or in cases occurring in very young infants; of these latter, several 
which had previously resisted the bromide of potassium, have yielded to the 
bromide of calcium. It does not appear to cause acne (a pustular affection of 
the skin) to anything like the extent of the bromide of potassium or sodium." 
New York Medical Journal. 

2. Sleeplessness, Simple Remedy, but Successful With 
Many. — For those troubled with sleeplessness from literary labor, or other dis- 
turbances of the nervous system, a writer of experience says, "Just before 
retiring eat 2 or 3 small raw onions, with a little bread, lightly spread with fresh 
butter, which will produce the desired effect, saving the stupefying action of 

Remarks. — This plan of eating raw onions has not only been satisfactorily 
tried to obtain sleep, but eating them once or twice daily with the meals has also 
proved valuable to those troubled with dyspepsia. 

3. Wooing Morpheus— The God of Sleep or Dreams.— Wet half 
tt towel, apply it to the back of the neck, pressing it upward to the base of the 
brain, and fasten the dry half of the towel over so as to prevent the too rapid 
evaporation. The effect is prompt and charming, cooling the brain and indu- 
cing calmer, sweeter sleep than any narcotic. Warm water may be used, though 
most persons prefer cold. To those^suflfering from over excitement of the brain, 
whether the result of brain work or pressing anxiety, this simple remedy is an 
especial boon. 

4. Sleep, Amount Needed by Different Persons.— It has been 
found that tall and corpulent persons require more sleep than those of thin and 
spare habit of body. In health, generally, from 6 to 8 hours of sleep are 
required to restore the nervous energy exhausted by the labors of the day. At 
first, upon retiring, always lie upon the right side, to allow the easier and more 
ready passage of the food, as digested, from the stomach; and especially eat 
nothing heavy and hard to digest at supper — a light supper is far preferable 
and absolutely necessary to enjoy good health. If half sick, or debilitated 
persons can take 9 hours sleep it will be all the better for them. 

5. Sleep as a Medicine. — A physician says: The cry for rest (sleep) 
has always been louder than the cry for food. Not that it is more important, 
but that it is often harder to obtain. The best rest comes from sound sleep. 
Of two men and women, otherwise equal, the one who sleeps the best will be the 
most moral, healthy, and efficient. Sleep will do much to cure irritability of 
temper, peevishness and uneasiness. It will restore to vigor an over-worked 
brain. It will build up and make strong a weary body. It will cure a head- 
ache. It will cure a broken spirit. It will cure sorrow. Indeed, we might 
make a long list of nervous and other maladies that sleep will cure. The cure 
of sleeplessness requires a clean, good bed, sufficient exercise to produce weari- 
ness, pleasant occupation, good air, and avoidance of stimulants and narcotics. 
For those who are over worked, haggard, nervous, who pass sleepless nights, 
we recommend the adoption of such habits as shall secure sleep, otherwise life 
will be short, and what there is of it sadly imperfect. 


Remarks. — It is claimed by many scientific men that it is best to always lie 
with the head to the north, on account of the fact — a supposed fact, at least,— 
that there is an electric current passing through the system when one is lying 
down, whether awake or asleep, and that its influence is best with the head to 
the north. Invalids, at least, had better do it, if the situation of their room will 
allow it. Lying with the head a little the highest prevents considerably the 
flow of blood to the head, and, therefore, induces sleep. A hot foot-bath, with 
mustard in it, on retiring, draws the blood from the head and aids in getting 
sleep, and sponging the whole length of the spine with hot water for 15 min- 
utes just before going to bed often ensures a good night's sleep; active exercise 
in the open air, or a brisk walk, are great helps to this end — procuring a good 
night's sleep; but opium, chloral, or spirits of any kind, only tend to 
sleeplessness, rather than sleep, hence should never be resorted to, from the dan- 
ger of establishing a habit which can not be overcome. It has been generally 
believed that fish furnished a large amount of brain food, or phosphorus; but 
this, of late, is considered to be an error, as it is now believed they do not have 
any excess of phosphorus over other animals. From the length this subject 
has reached, I trust I may be excused for closing it with an item to amuse 
rather than for any particular benefit which may be derived from it; yet, in one 
sense, it may do good to that class of persons who consider fun better than 
physic, and hence I trust that the subject of " brain tissue," as put forth by the 
Springfield Republican bek)w, under the head of "Fun better than Physic," will 
be read with satisfaction. It says: 

" There is a party, fat and stout 

As any Turk on Bosphorus, 
Who at our dinner table sits. 
And ne'er his babble intermits. 
But prates of mush and wheaten grits, 

And ' mean amount of phosphorus.' 

"He always airs his favorite theme, 

Nor cares a penny's toss for us, 
But rails at beef with ' Pooh! ' and ' Pishl' 
And calls for cod and other fish, 
Hoping to gain— his dearest wish — 

' The mean amount of phosphorus.' 

" OhI that he'd change his boarding place — 

'Twould surely be no loss for us — 
But there's one consolation yet, 
His star, ascendant, soon will set, 
Some time he'll die, and then he'll get 

' His full amount of phosphorus.' " 

1. CROUP.— Instantaneous Relief— Internal Remedy.— It is 

claimed that alum and sugar will cure croup in one minute, by shaving or 
grating off 1 tea-spoonful of the alum and mixing it with twice as much sugar, 
and giving it at once, the relief being almost instantaneous. Half these 
amounts may be repeated once or twice, J^ hour apart, if the relief is not per- 


2. Croup, External Remedy.— Saturating (thoroughly wetting) 
flannel with spirits of turpentine, and placing upon the throat and chest, has 
the credit of being a sovereign remedy, i. e. , effectual in controlling the disease. 
If considerable distress is manifested when the child wakes up, and after the 
flannel has been applied a few minutes, 3 to 5 drops of turpentine may be 
given on a lump of sugar. Every family should keep turpentine in the house. 

3. Croup, Emetic for. — If the foregoing fail in any case, an emetic 
may be given, of fl. ex. of ipecac, 5 or 6 drops, every 5 or 6 minute", for a 
child of 4 years, giving warm water after 3 or 3 doses have been given, con- 
tinuing the fluid extract as at first, until vomiting takes place, which will 
occur generally by the time 5 or 6 doses have been taken; a little more, or a 
little less, for older or younger children. 

4. Croup, Instantaneous Emetic for. — Two tea-spoonfuls of mus- 
tard mixed in 3 or 4 table-spoonfuls of warm water, for a child with croup, 
relieves at once by causing vomiting. A tea-spoonful of lard warmed and given 
is also said to be an instantaneous emetic. Either may be repeated if necessary. 

5. Croup, Onions a Sure Cure for.— A lady who speaks from 
experience, says: That probably 9 children out of 10 who die of croup might 
be saved by the timely application of roasted onions, mashed and laid upon a 
napkin, and a small quantity of goose oil, sweet oil, or even lard, put on and 
applied as hot as can be borne comfortably to the throat and upper part of the 
chest, and to the feet and hands. 

Remarks. — The application of the roasted onions, with only a little oil 
upon them, to the throat and upper part of the breast will be very good; but, 
upon the feet and hands I should not apply any oil, as the object there is to 
draw the blood to these extremities, and hence it will be more drawing without 
the oil. Use such internal remedies also as the case seems to demand, and as 
are at hand. See the use of the juice of onions with sugar (making an onion 
syrup), for internal use in children's colds. I have no doubt of its value for 
croup, as well as colds and coughs. 

6. Croup, Instant Relief for. — Dr. Bachelder, in the Journal of 
Chemistry, says: " Croup is relieved instantly, with a solution of hydrochloric 
(muriatic) acid, about the strength of cider vinegar." This would be about 
J^ oz. of the muriatic acid, as now more generally called, to 4 ozs. of water. 
It is often used as a gargle of this strength for elongated palate, sore mouth and 
sore throat in scarlet fever, etc. The doctor adds: "As far as my experience 
goes, this acid solution stops all morbid development in the throat as surely a» 
the hoe will stop pig-weeds on a hot, sunny day. Apply it to the throat with 
a brush or sponge, or use as a gargle, if the child is old enough." 

7. Croup, Preventive of.— For children who have a tendency to 
croup, or throat difliculties, get a piece of chamois skin, make it like a little 
bib, cut out the neck and sew on tapes to tie it on ; then melt together «omo 
tallow and pine pitch, rub some of this in the chamois, and let the child wear 
it all the time. Renew with the mixture occasionally. 

Remarks. — This will be found very valuable, as it will prevent the oenetra* 


tion of wind to the breast, keep the parts warm, and also impart the medical 
properties of the pitch, by absorption, to the system. About equal parts of 
tallow and pitch will be proper, or tallow enough to prevent it from sticking to 
the skin, as common plasters do. 

8. Croup, Diphtheria and Sore Throat, to Avert.— The New 
Tork Evening Post recently made the following sensible remarks upon the 
necessity of watching the childrens feet. It says: 

"A life-long discomfort or a sudden death, often come to children through 
the inattention or carelessness of the parents. A child should never be allowed 
to go to sleep with cold feet; the thing to be last attended to is to see that the 
feet are dry and warm. Neglect of tliis has often resulted in dangerous attacks 
of croup, diphtheria or a fatal sore throat. Always on coming from school, 
on entering the house from a visit or errand in rainy, muddy or thawy weather, 
the child should remove its shoes, and the mother should herself ascertaia 
whether the stockings are the least damp. If tney are, they should be taken 
off, the feet held before the fire and rubbed with the hands till perfectly dry, 
and another pair of stockings and another pair of shoes put on. The reserve 
shoes and stockings should be kept where they are dry, so as to be ready for 
use on a minute's notice. " 

1. HEADACHE, TO CURE.— Take a quart bottle and nearly fill it 
with water, then put in spirits of hartshorn and spirits of camphor, each 1 oz., 
and 1 table-spoonful of salt; shake well to dissolve the salt; then wet cloths 
with this and apply to the head, and renew as often as they become hot until 
relieved. If the stomach is sour, causing the headache, taking a little bi-carbon- 
ate of soda (baking soda) in water, may help in its cure. 

2. Sick Headache, Tea and Coffee Often the Cause.— A dis- 
tinguished doctor of New York, a man of wide experience, says of sick head- 

" Not a case of this disease has ever occurred within my knowledge, except 
with the drinkers of narcotic drinks (referring to tea and coffee), and not a case 
has failed of being cured on the entire renunciation of those drinks. Whatever 
may be said of the violations of physical law in other respects, tea and coffee 
may claim sick headache as their highly-favored representative." 

Dr. Alcott, in writing on this subject, says: " We are driven to the conclu- 
sion that no person can use the smallest quantity of tea or coffee, or, in fact, of 
any drink but pure water, without more or less deranging the action of the 
stomach and liver, and ultimately, through these, the nerves and brain, of 
the whole system. Nay, we are driven to a position stronger still, which is, 
that no person can take these poisons at all, without, in a greater or less degree, 
abridging human happiness and human life." — Christian Advocate. 

Remarks.— " the above is the general opinion of our best physicians, 
and other scientific men, there is not a doubt. For my own part I know thai 
the giving up of tea and coffee, and substituting half milk, and half water, for 
a few weeks at one time, did me much good. For great lovers of tea and 
coffee, among my patients, I have insisted that they take them of only half the 
usual strength, especially with those who have frequent headaches, and I claim 
it would be better for all; but I do believe that some warm drink, for general 
use, and taking tea or coffee of half the usual strength, as I now do, may be 
allowed, if not more than one cup is taken at a meaL 


3. Headache and Toothache, Ely's Magic Remedy for.— 

Alcohol, the best, 8 ozs. : aqua ammonia, 2 ozs.; English oil of lavender, 1 dr.; 
camphor gum, ]4 oz.; chloroform, 1 oz. ; sulphuric ether, }i oz. ; spirits of tur- 
pentine, 1 dr. ; mix. Directions— Smell it, changing from nostril to nostril, 
for a few minutes, and also bathe the head with it. Keep this up a short time, 
or until relieved, which must be quickly. 

For Toothache.— Vui cotton wet with it into the tooth, and also apply around 
the gums and front of ears, where the nerves pass near the surface. It is really 
magical in its action. Keep the finger over the bottle when not inhaling, as it 
is quite evaporative. 

4. Headache, Heartburn, etc^ Remedy.— A tea-spoonful of bi- 
carbonate of soda (baking soda) in 3 or 4 table-spoonfuls of peppermint, or 
"innamon water, with % tea-spoonful of powdered ginger, or a little essence of 
Jamaica ginger added, and taken immediately after each meal, will generally 
remedy this in a few days. A dose of this, and repeated in an hour, will be 
good in headache arising from acidity of the stomach. If the regularly pre- 
pared water (cinnamon or peppermint) are not on hand, put % tea-spoonful of 
either of the essences in water, with the powdered ginger, or essence of ginger 
and the soda; or plain water will do, only not quite so pleasant. 

5. Heart Burn, Remedy for.— Magnesia, % oz. ; pulverized Turkish 
rhubarb, 1 dr.; cinnamon water, 1 oz.; distilled, or soft water, 4 ozs. ; spirits of 
lavender, 1 dr. Dose— A tablespoonful half an hour after each meal. 

Heart, Palpitation of, Fluttering, etc.. Remedies.— When per- 
sons become weak and feeble, from whatever cause, there is often a palpitation 
or fluttering of the heart, as many call it, from this weakness. In such cases 
take any of our good alteratives and tonics to improve the condition of the sys- 
tem, as per directions; and besides this obtain fl. ex. of cerews Jonptenrfz (a species 
of the cactus), % oz. Dose — Take 10 drops, at bed-time only, in a little water, 
and generally relief will be realized soon and the cure permanent. At least, I 
have so proved it. Continue to use the tonic remedies as long as needed. 

7. Heart Disease, the Value of Buttermilk.— In diseases of the 
heart the French claim that buttermilk is invaluable; as the lactic acid in it dis- 
solves and prevents ossification (bone-like condition) of the valves, arteries, car- 
tilages, etc. 

Remarks. — It is worthy of a trial, and no doubt will prove valuable if cod- 
tinued faithfully for several months. 

I. CASTOR OIL— Its Nauseous and Disgusting Taste Over- 
come. — I. A little glycerine (half the amount of the castor oil) mixed with 
castor oil, and 5 to 10 drops of any of the aromatic oils, as sassafrass, winter- 
green, etc., put into the dose, the natural taste of the oil will scarcely be per- 
ceived; or, 

II. Take the juice of a lemon or two, put a few drops of essence of cinna- 
mon into it. Heat the oil and stir into the lemon juice, which forms aa emul- 
sion, and almost wholly covers the taste of the oil. 


2. Castor Oil Custard. — Prof. King says: "I find it a very pleasant 
mode of administration, to boil the dose of oil with about a gill of sweet milk for 
a few minutes, sweeten with loaf sugar, and flavor with essence of cinnamon or 
other favorite aromatic; it somewhat resembles custard in its taste and appear- 
ance, and is readily taken by even the most delicate stomach." 

Remarks. — This is certainly very desirable with children and delicate 
females, for whom it is often the best cathartic which can be given, 

and Tincture as Used in Charity Hospital, New York. — I. Cough 
syrup: Bromide of potassium, chlorate of potassium, muriate of ammonia, each, 
1}£ drs. ; syrup of tolu, 4 oz. ; mix. Dose — One table-spoonful every 2 or 3 

II, Cough Tincture: Paregoric, 1 oz. ; tincture belladonna, 1 dr. ; tincture 
of hyoscyamus, 2 drs. ; compound spirits lavender, 1 dr. ; mix. Dose — Ten 
drops on a lump of loaf sugar every hour until cough is relieved. 

Remarks. — For the hacking, or continuous coughing of patients far gone 
with consumption, either of these will be found satisfactory. But as prevention 
is better than cure for those who are liable to have consumption, but have not 
got it fastened upon them yet, I will give the rules of the celebrated Dr. S. S. 
Fitch, of New York, for its prevention, as they are certainly valuable and ought 
to be heeded by every one. He claims an absolute preventive in all cases and 
all persons, but as his rules are so very strict, if they are lived up to, they will 
certainly do much to prevent the establishment of this disease. They are as 

2. Pulmonary Consumption — Absolute Prevention of— Dr. 
S. S. Fitch's Rules for, — He says: " There is no disease to which we are 
liable that is so preventable as consumption. It is absolutely preventable in all. 
cases and all persons. 

I, " From earliest childhood stand erect, walk erect, sit erect, never stoop, 
always let the weight of the shoulders fall behind you. 

II. " Keep your chest fully expanded by taking constantly, all your life long, 
full breaths so as to fully expand your chest. Do this at all times. Remember 
you can not have consumption until your chest shrinks in size, either wholly or 
partially; so if you keep your chest flexible and constantly expanded you will 
be safe from consumption. 

III. " Never let a cold run on you. Break it at once by taking active physic 
and cough medicines, and putting your feet at bedtime in hot water; keep them 
in until you get in a perspiration, and then go to bed and keep up the perspira. 
tion with hot drinks (Thompson's old " Composition Tea" is one of the best to 
use to start perspiration; hot lemonade is good, too); then take a portion o1 
physic, and the next day your cold will be well. By pursuing this course for a 
length of time you get out of the habit of taking cold, and will rarely take one. 
Always continue your treatment until your cold is well. 

IV, "Avoid all debauching courses that weaken and reduce your coBStitu- 
tior., such as soaking with liquor and actual drunkenness and dissipation of all 


kinds and gluttony and late night exposures. In fact, lead an honest, orderly 
life, free from vice and every dissipation, your health will then be equal, regu- 
lar and constant, and your life a long and happy one. 

V. " Keep your bowels always free by habit, diet or purgatives." 

Remarks. — If these rules are strictly enforced, by parents, with their chC- 
dren, when small, and by themselves, as soon as they can be made to understand 
their importance, very much will be done to improve the general health, as well 
as to prevent consiimiDtion. None are too old to take counsel from Rules IV. 
and v., and I might say also from Rule III. 

3. Consumption Cured After Twelve Years' Suffering, 
Living About Sixty Years After the Cure.— The transactions of the 
Connecticut State Medical Society contains the following paper from Professor 
S. G. Hubbard, of New Haven, in relation to the cure of the late Rev. Jeremiah 
Day, former President of Yale College, of tubercular consumption. He says: 
"President Day, during early life, gave little promise of long life, and when, in 
1789, in his 17th year, he entered Yale College, he was soon compelled to leave 
t>j pulmonary difficulty. He rallied, however, and was able to finish the 
course and graduate in 1795. He was very feeble, however, for many years. 
He became a clergyman, and in 1801 was elected Professor of Mathematics and 
Natural History in the college. But he could not undertake the duties. An 
;ilarming hemorrhage of the lungs prostrated him, which was treated learnedly 
by bleedings copious enough to have charmed even Dr. Sangrado. He went to 
Bermuda, where he was plied with digitalis to such an extent as almost to take 
what little life he had left. He came back to his native town, "Washington, 
Conn., to die. 

"He suffered from continued hemorrhage and repeated venesections 
bleedings), which was ' all the go ' at that time with the allopaths, for almost 
every disease. He met Dr. Sheldon, of Litchfield, who had made the treat- 
ment with iron a hobby, and who expressed a belief that Mr. Day could be helped. 
Though the case was regarded as hopeless, the patient was placed imder the 
care of Dr. Sheldon, who treated him with iron and calisaya (Peruvian) bark, 
feeding him carefully with wholesome food. Under this regimen he soon 
exhibited symptoms of improvement and finally, in 1803, returned home as one 
restored from the dead, in sufficient vigor to be inaugurated in tie Professor- 
chip. He never afterwards exhibited symptoms of pulmonary disease, although 
he had been affected by it for more than twelve years. He lived till August, 
1867, and was 95 years old at the time of his death. The cavity of the thorax 
was examined to ascertain the traces of his former malady. The lungs were 
everywhere free from tubercles and were apparently healthy. In the apex (top) 
of each lung was found a dense corrugated (wrinkled) circular cicatrix (hard- 
ened scar) an inch and a half or more in diameter; also a third circular cicatrix 
(a scar as if remaining from a wound) on the left side of the left lung, a few 
inches below the apex (top), each involving such a depth of tissue as to indicate 
that the vomicm (absces-s, or hole from ulceration), of which they were the 
remains, had been large and of long duration. Both lungs were slightly 
adherent at the apex. 


"Here, then," remarks Prof. Hubbard, "was all that remained to mark 
the beginning, progress and cure of a ease of tubercular consumption, occupy- 
ing twelve years in its period of activity. A legible record surpassing in inter- 
est and importance, to the human race, those of the slabs of Nineveh or the 
Punic inscriptions." — Peninsular Courier {Knn Arbor, Mich., Oct. 1st, 1885.) 

Remarks. — This publication in the Courier was within about a year of the 
death of President Day. The paper having been prepared by Prof. Hubbard 
soon after the president's death, and published in one of the New Haven papers, 
from which I obtained it, as I, at that time, published the Courier. And in 
looking over the bound volume of that year, after commencing to write this 
book, I was so forcibly struck with the "Medical Incident," as the paper was 
originally headed, I wrote to Prof. Hubbard to see if I could ascertain anything 
more definite as to Dr. Sheldon's treatment of the case. The professor answered 
my letter by saying, so far as he knew, "there was no record of the prescription 
or any part of the treatment." But, thinking it possible that there might be 
some one in Litchfield — Dr. Sheldon's home — who might have some knowledge 
of it, I wrote to the postmaster there, and found a Mrs. Lucy Beach, a daugh- 
of Dr. Sheldon — the doctor having also passed away, — but there was no further 
knowledge to be obtained, no record having been made of the treatment. And 
all I can say further is, if iron and Peruvian bark would and did (of which I 
have not a doubt) cure President Day, it — the combination, properly made — 
wil' cure others. The compound tinct. of Peruvian bark, 1 pt., into which 
put pyrophosphate of iron, 2 drs., taken in 1 to 2 table-spoonful doses, just 
before or just after meals and at bed-time, will fill the bill, and I have not a 
doubt will cure very many cases, especially if the careful feeding with whole- 
some food is properly attended to, as Dr. Sheldon above indicates he did with 
President Day, to which I should add plenty of out-door exercise, with every 
other needed care of the general system. But remember that in President- 
Day's case it took two years to accomplish the cure. So don't get discouraged 
and give it up for one year, at least. There is now a proprietary, or patent 
medicine kept by druggists, known as Elixir of Calisaya (which is Peruvian 
bark) and Iron, that may answer all purposes. It was not made in Dr. Shel- 
don's time. I have often recommended its use for frail and weakly females, 
and always with success. Still, I should prefer the compound tinct. of the bark 
and iron above directed, if the tincture has 2 ozs. of the unground red Peru- 
vian bark used in making each pint. The bark should be coarsely groimd or 
bruised when made. What I mean is that the powdered or ground bark kept 
by druggists must not be used, as it is generally made of inferior kinds of 
bark, and is also often adulterated by mixing other cheap things with it, so 
much so, at least, that it can not be depended upon. 

4. Consumption, New French Remedy for.— M. J. Guyot in- 
forms the profession that the phosphate of lime, in the colliquative (rapidly 
exhausting) night sweats of consumptives, is not only almost a specific (positive 
cure), but tends also to improve the general health. Dose — From 30 to 40 grs. 
in a little sweetened water, at night. 


5. Consumption, a New Discovery and Cure, by Crude 
Petroleum. — Dr. M. M. Griffith, of Bradford, Pa., claims that out of 35 
cases of well-marked consumption, treated by small doses of the crude petro- 
leum, 20 are, to all means of diagnosis, cured; the rest have been materially 
benefited, and none have been under treatment more than 4 months. The 
nausea attending the use of ordinary crude petroleum led him to adopt the 
semi-solid oil that forms on the tubing of wells. Method of Using — This 
made into from 3 to 5 gr. pills by incorporating an inert vegetable powder, was 
administered from 3 to 5 times a day in 1 pill doses. The first effect, he says, 
is the disappearance of the cough ; night sweats are relieved, appetite improves, 
and weight is rapidly gained. These favorable symptoms continue until the 
patient is entirely recovered. 

Remarks. — If half of what Dr. Griffith claims shall prove true, generally, 
he has indeed made a valuable discovery. I hope, as the Scieniiflc American 
remarks, that Dr. Griffith has not mistaken some self -limiting phase of throat 
or bronchial disease for true consumption of the lungs; also, that continued 
trial of the alleged remedy will justify the high opinion he has formed in regard 
to its efficacy 

6. Consumption, a Substitute for Cod Liver Oil.— Accord- 
ing to the New York 3Iedical Journal Dr. Thomas A. Emmet, in his recent 
work on the "Principles and Practice of Gynecology," (of the nature and dis- 
eases of women) recommends the fat of pork, properly prepared, as a s'-bsti- 
tute for cod liver oil, in consumption. To prepare it, he says: A portion from 
the rib, free of lean, is to be boiled slowly (the water being often changed) until 
the meat is thoroughly cooked. To be eaten cold, in the form of sandwiches. 

Remarks. — He does not inform us whether mustard may be used to give 
them a relish or not, but certainly a very small amount can do no harm; and 
for my life, I cannot see why fat pork, so cooked, and thinly sliced, may not 
be as good, I really believe better, than the nasty, disagreeable, sickening cod 
liver oil. My substitute is 3^ pt. of fresh cream, with 1 table-spoonful of 
brandy, or good whiskey in it, in place of cod liver oil. I direct this amount 
just before each meal. Make a part of the meal of the fat pork sandwiches 
too. if you like, or take the following, as you judge best; as some would not, 
and others could not eat fat pork. 

7. Consumption, a More Recent Substitute for Cod Liver 
Oil. — It has been long known that whiskey has not only appeared, at least, to 
have lengthened the life of many consumptive patients, but also to have cured 
many. Then why is not the following combination an excellent substitute 
for codliver oil? I think it is a hundred per cent, better. Pure olive oil, 6 
ozs. ; strained honey, 4 ozs. ; good (that is, not poor rot-gut) whiskey, 1 pt. ; 
Shake when taken. Dose — Take 1 to 2 table-spoonfuls just as you sit down to 
each meal. 

Remarks. — I have used this personally in a continuous cough arising from 
having taken a very bad cold, and have also given it to others, consumptives, 
with very satisfactory results. It may not be an absolute cure, but with other 


proper tonics and supportive treatitient, it will surprise those who try it, if 
not already past the reach of benefit from any medical treatment. (See Chronic 
Diarrhea, "Muscovite," or Raw -Beef Cure for, to obtain nourishment in very 
feeble and debilitated cases.) 

8. Consumption Cure, by Simple Home Means, if Taken in 
the Beginning. — Mary Maybee, of Farmington, Conn., says: " Take 1 pt. 
of vinegar, 1 table-spoonful of tar, boil 15 minutes, Dose— Take 2 table-spoon- 
luls every time you cough." 

Remarks. — "Maybe" it will cure the difficulty. Certainly it will bo 
found good for common coughs; and some of these " simple means " are aston- 
ishing in their effects, if persevered with. Our American people change too 
quickly, hoping for something better. Stick to a good thing as long as there is 
a perceptible benefit. 

9. Consumption— Climatic Changes are Believed to Have 
Much to do in its Cure. — Dr. Talbot Jones, in a communication to the 
New York Medical Journal, says there are 3,000,000 of persons who die annu- 
ally of consumption; and also says that the medical resources are baffled by this 
disease and confesses "that climate is the physician's only dependence for the 
cure of his consumptive patient." He makes the following statements in rela- 
tion to the disease: 

I. " No zone enjoys entire immunity from pulmonary consumption. 
II. " The popular belief that phthisis (consumption) is common in cold 
climates is fallacious, and the idea, now so prevalent, that phthisis is rare in 
warm climates is as untrue as dangerous. 

III. " The disease causes a large proportion of deaths on the sea-shore, the 
mortality diminishing with elevation up to a certain point. 

IV. "Altitude is inimical (opposed) to the development of consumption, 
owing chiefly to tlie greater purity of the atmosphere in elevated situations, its 
freedom from organic matter, and its richness in ozone. [This agrees with my 
own opinion, that high and dry situations, especially rolling and, consequently, 
dry pine lands, are the best places to take up a residence in if one has to change 
at all.] 

V. "IMoisture arising from a clay soil, due to evaporation, is one of the 
most influential factors in its production. 

VI. " Dampness of the atmosphere, from whatever cause, or in any alti- 
tude, predisposes to the development of the disease, and is hurtful to those 
already attacked. 

VII. " Dryness is a quality of the atmosphere of decided value. 
VIII. " The most unfavorable climate possible for a consumptive is one of 
tmiform high temperature and a high dew point (warm and moist). 

IX. " The effects, due to change in the atmosphere, are by no means so per- 
nicious as are generally supposed, and on this subject present views require 

Remarks. — Dr. Jones commends the climate of Minnesota for those predis- 
posed to consumption, or laboring under its first stages, and thinks "that a 
residence there would be very likely to cure or materially benefit them," and 
adds: " Between the pleasant rolling prairie, the wooded lake region, and the 
dense pine forests of the northern section of the state, they can choose what 
seems most agreeable and best adapted to them, while the diy, bracing atmoa- 



phere will enable them to live much of thfeir time out of doors without fear of 
taking cold." He insists, however, as I have always done, that " 'tis no use to 
send patients thither who are in the advanced stages of the disease." And this 
I know to be a fact. Some physicians think Colorado or Florida, New Mexico 
or Texas or Aiken, S. C, or Ashville, N. C, to' be preferable places, whether it 
be consumption or hronchitis, with loss of voice, etc. 

The following items by E. R. Ellis, M. D., in the Detroit News, in Novem- 
ber, 1880, are so sensible and so pertinent to the subject, as to the climats of 
Michigan or Texas for consumptives, I give it in full. He says: 

10. Texas for Invalids or Consumptives.—" The cold and bleak 
winds of winter, now so fast approaching, impel me to say a few words to a 
class of invalids now quite numerous in our state, which your paper may reach. 
The list of deaths from consumption and other debilitaling diseases, while not 
large in Michigan, does every year include a few in every community. 

"While there is no way known to remedy all this mortality, yet a large 
share of it is avoidable. This last consists in a change of climate. For some 
years I have given this matter considerable attention, and am satisfied that there 
is no locality in the United States, and perhaps not on the western hemisphere, 
equal to the highlands of central and southwestern Texas. 

' ' The climate there is dry, mild and salubrious. The elevation takes one 
above the damps and fog which are so fatal in Florida and on the sea coasts gen- 
erally. Incidentally I might say that there is nothing more fatal to human life 
in any country than the near presence of marshes or lowlands, where fog set- 
tles, or where dampness collects, as it does in many habitations which are too 
much shaded with trees and shrubbery. In such houses the physician encoun- 
ters an odor of mildew, and its intensity determines the activity of his business 
at that place. I should estimate that there are two or three thousand invalids 
now in this state who would be cured or greatly benefited by a temporary or 
permanent residence in Texas. If we have a severe winter and they attempt to 
remain here, by the end of March next, three-fourths of them will be ' chirping 
with the angels;' and while they make rich harvest for doctors with their ton- 
ics, syrups, elixirs, inhalations, etc., one-fourth of them only will survive, and 
not many of these fully cured. A removal to Texas will cure or greatly benefit 
three-fourths, which makes an amazing difference in mortuary results. 

" It is lamentable that the pecuniary condition of many will not permit 
their removal, but many others are blessed with wealth and will gladly do what- 
ever will prolong their life or that of their dear ones. Consider well the mat- 
ter before it is too late, and act promptly. 

"Physicians are usually, and sometimes excusably, reluctant to advise 
invalids to go away from home and friends, and thus the matter is delayed until 
a fatal result is inevitable. 

" But every consumptive patient of mature years may know this for him- 
self. If, in spite of the favorable weather of summer and autumn, he is 
declining with increased cough and shortness of breath, and occasional spitting 
of blood, his condition is alarming. He should change his physician or climate, 
or both, immediately. 


" If, with the above, his pulse is habitually up to or over 100 in a minute, 
a destructive process is going on, which, in this climate, the most skillful phy- 
sician can arrest in not more than one case in four. 

"In all such cases go south at once, if not too far gone already. The 
quack here will encourage you to stay and make you brilliant promises up to the 
time of your death, but it is your own loss and folly if you believe him." 

11. Where to go to in Texas. — As to the best place to go to in 
Texas, A. G. Hayson, M. D., of Minden, La., in Medical Brief , '83, page 508, 
says to the editor: 

"If 'F. H. G.' (a man who previously inquired through the Journal) will 
go 80 miles west of San Antonio, Tex., he will find a beautiful valley lying in 
the gap of the mountains, with an average width of 4 miles by 18 long. This 
valley, or ' Sabinal Canyon,' as it is called there, has gushing mountain springs 
and bright, clear running streams that never go dry. I met there, in 1875, two 
gentlemen who had, previous to going there, pulmonary hemorrhage. Both 
seemed to be in perfect health, and so expressed themselves. 

" Tills canyon, with its pure-aired atmosphere, its mountain scenery, with 
beautiful stretches of prairie and timber, and here and there, standing alone in 
the distance, knots of live oak and pecan, make it one of the most beautiful as 
well as romantic places I have ever seen. I do not think a better place for 
consumptives can be found." Another physician, B. F. Rowls, M. D., writes 
to the same journal, from Union, S. C, and directs attention of physicians to 
western North Carolina, "known," he says, "as the land of the sky, Ashville 
being the principal town in the vicinity, which is 2,250 feet above the level of 
the sea. This climate is one of inestimable value in the disease, consumption. 
Very dry, and neither the heat of summer nor the cold of winter is at all un- 
beneficial to the patient." Just such a place is wanted by invalids with any dis- 
ease; then, persons in the eastern or northeastern States can take this place, Aiken, 
S. C, or Florida; while those of Michigan and the northwest or western States 
can take the San Antonio section of Texas, or go on to Los Angeles, or San 
Antonio, in the southwestern part of California, if they choose, and enter into 
the culture of oranges, lemons, etc., as a friend of mine did, and regained his 
health. Let there be no confusion about the two San Antonios spoken of; that 
in Calfornia is in Monterey county, and the other is the county seat of Bexar 
county, Texas. 

12. An Alabama Physician's Idea of the Best Place for Con- 
sumptives to go to.— I learn from O. F. Harrell, M. D., also given in the 
Brief, that he considers Healing Springs, Ala., where he now lives, or in that 
neighborhood, which is a ridge of considerable extent, and heavily timbered 
with pine, to be the best place for those to go who have a tendency to, or 
actual consumption. The land, being unsuited to farming is now an almost 
unbroken turpentine orchard, giving employment to many hundred people 
engaged in this industry. "Along this elevation," he says, "commencing 
at Citronville, Ala., and going northward 40 or 50 miles, I believe to be the 
best location tor consumptives, or for persons predisposed thereto, in the United 


States.'" Dr. Harrell then went on and gave a liistorj of his own case and the 
reason for the faith that was in him, i. e., as to the region of Healing Springs 
being tlie best place for consumptives to go, as he was predisposed to it from 
his mother, who died with this disease. While the doctor was engaged in 
active practice in 1863 he had to give up, was confined to his room, and all his 
professional brethern pronounced his case to be a clearly -defined, well-developed 
case of tuberculosis — consumption. From this on it was a struggle with him 
for life. In his efforts to find a location — after rallying in 1864 — suited lo his 
condition, he says: 

" I have been made familiar, I believe, with all the states embraced in the 
area of New York on the north and east, Missouri on the west and Florida on 
the south. In the winter of '79 I went to Florida, where, after a stay of two 
years, I was much worse than when I went there." [The author will state here, 
what he afterward learned by letter, that he spent these two years on Pensacola 
bay, which is a low section of the state like St. Johns river, Fla., neither of which 
sections, nor any other low places along any of the rivers, should any one allov,' 
himself to remain in, but get to the highest and dryest pine sections he can 
find, as mentioned further on.] " In the winter of '81-'82, with a distressing 
and uncontrollable cough, profuse, purulent expectoration and frequent (some- 
times daily) hemorrhages from the lungs, I was finally brought to my bed again, 
upon which I was brought to this country in February, '83. Since I arrived 
here I have steadily improved in health, and gained in flesh from 135 to 160 

" I have never had a hemorrhage since I came here, and with almost a 
complete absence of the cough and expectoration, I think I can claim that the 
country has restored me; relieved me not only of my lung trouble, but also 
cured me of an obstinate vesical catarrh (catarrh or chronic inflammation of 
the bladder), from which I have greatly suffered for more than 20 years. For 
the relief of the latter disease, however, it is perhaps proper that I should give 
credit, in part, at least, to the waters, of which I have drank here." 

RemaTks. — He says there is no malaria there, referring to an inquiry as to 
a " place that was free from it." In conclusion he says: "I do think that a 
large majority of persons suffering with this disease (consumption)," or in whom 
there may be a predisposition to it, would find relief here." So it seems to the 
author; and possibly some persons who are not very bad, and yet have not 
large means, might find employment in the turpentine orchards of that section, 
or start it up for themselves, so as to stay among the pine hills, at all events. 
Dr. Harrell's town. Healing Springs, has a charm in its name that leads me to 
hope that every one who may go into this region of country will derive a great 
advantage from it. I will only add here, let whoever goes into this, or any 
other section, ramble as much as possible among the pine forests, for they cer- 
tainly have an advantage over those places where there is no pine, as I fully 

13. Places in Florida Where Consumptives May Visit. — 

Any place in Pensacola bay, or upon the streams emptying into that bay, or 
any of the towns along the St. Johns river, are but very little above the ^ea 


level, and, consequently, must be damp and foggy, and not the sections that 
consumptives should locate in; but there are sections which, although hilly, like 
some other states, are sufficiently roIHng and timbered with pine, which makes 
them far better to locate in for those seeking health. 

I. Such a place is Brockville, the county seat of Hernando county, which I 
see spoken of by a lady who has been there, and reported through the Fi'ee Press, 
of Detroit. She says of this section: " It is said to be a splendid country to 
cure even bad tempers. Chronic grumblers (referring to those who had com- 
plained of Jacksonville and the low country along the St. Johns river) have 
been here, to succumb under the combined influences of balmy air, moonlight 
and orange flowers." 

How to Reach Brockville. — Take a boat at Jacksonville, up the St. Johns, 
to Astor, 134 miles. Then the cars through the pine forests, via. Fort Mason, 
on Lake Eustice. 

II. Twin Lakes, Orange county, is also reported to the Rural New Yorker 
by another lady, who was there for her health, to be a very desirable place for 
consumptives. She first spoke of the fact that the country along the St. Johns 
and all the other rivers of the State is damp and unhealthy. She says to those 
who might be coming, ' ' Come up to the hills, where there is no damp. " And 
I would add that those who do may really expect to be greatly benefited if 
they stay long enough to allow the climatic changes to take place in their sys- 
tems. For this lady closed by saying: "When we left home every breath 
seemed to rasp and last, but now 'tis all gone, and with it the weariness and 
languor." Then, surely, if one stays long enough, the same " balmy air, full of 
the resinous aroma of the pine forests," as she expresses it, will accomplish a 
cure. There may be many other places in Florida equally dry and salubrious, 
with pine forests, making them equally valuable as health resorts, but I leave 
every one to judge of this fact for himself, relying upon the statements of 
friends who know, or upon enquiry when they reach there: but do not stay in 
the low, marshy grounds of any section whatever, if health is to be regained, 
or even retained, in any country. I will only add one thought further on the 
subject of going south, or to any point, for a change of climate ; do not wait until 
nothing but a miracle can cure, for I fully believe that God works by the use of 
means — medicines judiciously administered, change of climate, care of one's 
health, etc. Where one lives may make a difference as to where they might or 
should go. Living at Toledo, O., as I do, if I had to go south on account of 
consumption, I should go to the Healing Springs section of Alabama, as it is 
about south from here. If I lived in the east, or New England States, I should 
go to the neighborhoods of Ashville, N. C, Aiken, S. C, or Florida; if in Illinois 
or the west, I should strike for San Antonio, Texas, or southwestern California, 
as before mentioned, as circumstances made it appear best. 

I will give an item or two more for consumptives, hoping thereby to benefit, 
if not actually cure, many persons suffering from it. The following I take 
from a report by Wm. H. Hull, M. D., in the June number of the Medical Brief 
of 1877, upon the use of gallic acid, with which he had been verj' successful, as 
you will see in the heading of the recipe, and I shall also mention a case whc^ 


another physician has been equally successful with the same remedy in a very 
bad case. It is as follows: 

14. Gallic Acid in Consumption. — Gallic acid, 1 dr. ; pulverized 
Dover's powder, J^ dr. ; pulverized cubebs and pulverized gum arable, each, 
1 dr., and pulverized licorice root, J^ oz. Mix thoroughly. Dose — Half a 
tea-spoonful, dry, every 3 or 4 hours. 

Remarks. — Dr. Hull said of this: " Out of 200 cases treated during the past 
seven months, I found only 2 that this remedy would not relieve." Certainly 
a very marked proportion of cures. The corroboration I referred to above in 
the very bad case was reported also in the Brief by R. H. Holliday, M. D., of 
Guntley postoffice, N. C. His patient was a man who had been confined to his 
bed for 170 days, and upon whom he had exhausted his book knowledge with- 
out benefit, the man raising 2 quarts of thick, purulent matter daily tha,t smelled 
terribly, so that he says "the ferryman was waiting to carry him over, etc., 
when, upon the appeal of the wife, if I could not do something more for him, I 
took up the Brief, and fell upon Dr. Hull's gallic acid treatment (above given) 
and saved my patient." 

1 5 Gallic Acid in Liquid Form.— The editor of the Brief, in com- 
menting upon the gallic acid in powders, gave the following formula as pre- 
ferable. He said: Gallic acid, 1 dr.; glycerine, 3 ozs.; listerine, 5 ozs. ; mix. 
Dose — Take 1 or 2 tea-spoonfuls 4 or 5 times a day. 

Remarks. — This the editor found a better formula, from its fluid form no 
doubt, and from its containing the listerine, which is considered a valuable anti- 
septic, i. e., as against the destructive tendency in cases where the matter raised, 
smells terribly, as in Dr. Halliday's case above. The listerine is manufactured 
at St. Louis, Mo., I think, and therefore can be obtained, if not found in the 
drug stores, by inquiring through the Medical Brief, of that c^ty. See the 
next item, on tlie use of hot water, to know that the editor of the BHef is well 
qualified to judge of the nature of any article of medicine which he may 

1 6 . Consumption, Hot Water Cure for. — The latest thing claimed 
to cure consumption was given in the St. Louis, Mo., Medical Brief, by the 
editor, J. J. Lawrence, A. M., M. D., page 561, 1883, and as it is more than 
probable that it will help very many sufferers, I shall give it, not to be tried as 
a last resort, but to be tried as early in the disease as any wasting of flesh and 
debility is manifested; and to be tried faithfully for two or three months, 
at least, remembering that the diet of tender beef and stale bread, (bread 
never less than one day old) must be attended to, as well as the hot water. Dr. 
Lawrence says: A young man who was compelled to resign his position in one 
of the public schools of New York because he was breaking down with con- 
sumption, and who had ever since been battling for life, although with little 
apparent prospect of recovery, was encountered several days ago in a Broad- 
way restaurant. "I see," he said, "that you seem surprised at my improved 
appearance. No doubt you wonder what could have caused such a change. 
Well, it was a very simple remedy, nothing but hot water." Hot waterl 


" That's all." Yon remember my telling you that I had used the usual remedies. 
I consulted some of the leading specialists in affections of the lungs, in the city, 
and paid them large fees. They went through the usual course of experimen- 
tation with me, under all resorts to medicine. I went to the Adirondacks (a 
range of mountains in northern New York) for the summer, and to Florida in 
winter, but none of these things did me any substantial good. I lost ground 
steadily, grew to be almost a skeleton, and had all the worst symptoms of a 
consumptive whose end is near at hand. At that juncture a friend told me that 
he had heard of a cure effected by drinking hot water. I consulted a physi- 
cian who had paid special attention to this hot water cure, and was using it 
with many patients. He said; 'There is nothing, you know, that is more diffl' 
cult than to introduce a new remedy into medical practice, particularly if it is 
a very simple one, and strikes at the root of erroneous views and prejudices 
that have long been enter'-amed. The old practitioners have tried for years to 
cure consumption, but they are as far from doing it as ever. Now, the only 
rational explanation of consumption is that it results from defective nutrition. 
'It is always accompanied by ma? -assimilation of food.' [Mai, means bad and 
assimilation means, to make food.^ ' In nearly every case the stomach is the 
seat of a fermentation that necessarily prevents proper digestion. The first 
thing to do is to remove that fermentatiofi and put the stomach into a condition 
to receive food and dispose of it properly. This is effected by taking water 
into the stomach, as hot as it can be borne, an hour before each meal. This 
leaves the stomach clean and pure, like a boilei that has been washed out. 
Then put into the stomach, food that is in the highest degree nutritious and the 
least disposed to fermentation. No food answers this description better than 
tender beef. A little stale bread may be eaten with it. Drink nothing but 
pure water, and as little of that at meals as possible. Vegetables, pastry, 
sweets, coffee and alcoholic liquors should be avoided. Put tender beef alone 
into a clean and pure stomach, three times a day, and the system wiUbe fortified 
and built up until the wasting away, which is the chief feature of oonsump>- 
tion, ceases and recuperation sets in. 

" ' This reasoning impressed me. I began by taking one cup of hoi water 
an hour before each meal, and gradually increased the dose to three cups, or 
nearly a pint. At first it was unpleasant to take, but now I drink it with a 
relish that I never experienced in drinking the choicest wine. I began to pick 
up immediately after I began the new treatment and gained fourteen pounds 
within two months.' " 

The editor then closes in a way which you will see encourages the use of 
hot water in dyspepsia. He says; 

" Combined with carefully selected foods, and some mild medicine to assist 
nature in eliminating (carrying out) poisons from the system, it is said by those 
who have tried it to be very efficient in dyspepsia and all forms of indigestion. 
If this be true (and of this the author has not a doubt), it will certainly be a 
blessing, as medicines almost universally fail to effect cures in these diseases. 
Many prominent New York physicians are abandoning medicines for simple, 
nutritious foods, and report more than ordinary success in the treatment of 


many forms of disease from want of nutrition. A prominent English physician, 
who has had mucli experience in India, says, cholera will not attack a person in 
whose stomach and bowels there is no ferment (gaseous condition from food 
that does not readily digest); or, if it does, the attack will be light and easily 
controlled." He regards good nutrition (healthy digestion) as the only real pro- 
phylactic (prevention) for disease. 

HIVES. — This disease manifests itself in the form of an eruption, or red 
blotches upon the surface, or skin of children, mostly. 

Cause. — Obstruction of the circulation, and the absorption into the 
blood of some poisonous vapors in the atmosphere, similar to that of the more 
simple fevers are the undoubted cause of the disease. 

Symptoms. — Large red patches with a somewhat swollen center more 
white than the rest, with an almost intolerable itching, something like the 
irritation from nettles, make their appearance, and have also given another 
name to the disease — " nettle rash." This rash, or blotches may subside after 
a few hours, then re-appear for a day or two, causing considerable sicknesg 
of the little patient unless properly attended to. 

Treatment. — Bathe the whole surface, but more thoroughly the affected 
parts, with spirits of camphor and soft water, equal parts of each, and give a 
dose of the cathartic tincture, to operate tolerably free ; and also a tea of 
saffron and spearmint, every hour or two to keep the disease to the surface, 
and but little danger need be feared. I am partial to the spearmint plant, in 
preference to the peppermint, because of its greater diuretic properties. 


epsom salts, gun-powder, borax, alum, copperas, and sulphur, of each 1 tea- 
spoonful; soft water, 1 quart. 

The alum and copperas will be burned, or heated on a shovel, and pul- 
verized ; then all mixed and bottled for use. Shake when used. Hold a little 
of the wash in the mouth, for half a minute, and gargle the throat with it 
twice daily. And at the same time take a little sulphur and cream of tartar 
for 3 or 4 mornings, to correct the blood It has cured bad cases after a 
failure of the "regular" remedies. 


Hoarseness, etc.— It has been found that borax has proved a most effective 
remedy in certain forms of colds. In sudden hoarseness or loss of voice 
from colds by public speakers or singers, relief for an hour or so, as by magic, 
may be often obtained by slowly dissolving and partially swallowing a lump of 
borax the size of a garden pea, or about 3 or 4 grains, held in the moutti for 10 
minutes before speaking or singing. This produces a profuse secretion of saliva, 
or watering of the mouth or throat, probably restoring the voice or tone to the 
dried vocal cords, just as the wetting brings back the missing notes to a flute 
when it is too dry. 

Remarks. — There need be no fear in using 2, 3 or 4 pieces of the size 


above named, within the hour before speaking or singing is to commence. 
Keep it handy, to use, as needed, during the evening. 

1. COUGH SYRUP- Effectual Remedy for Coughs, Colds, 
Hoarseness, etc. — " E. J. R.," from an inquiry through tlie Detroit Tnbune, 
sends for publication the following sure cure for cough, cold, hoarseness, etc., 
saying it has been tried repeatedly, and is a most invaluable remedy. It is 
always kept in our family. It cured a cough of three years standing to my 
knowledge. Syrup of squills, 2 ozs. ; paregoric 1 oz. : fl. ex. of licorice, 1 oz. ; 
fl. ex. of ipecac, )4. ^z.; antimonial wine, % oz. ; ess. of wintergreen, or pepper- 
mint, 1 dr. Dose — One tea-spoonful every 2 or 3 hours, but not on an empty 

2. Cough, Hoarseness, Incipient Consumption, etc. — Take of 
horehound, boneset and lobelia (herbs), each 1 oz. ; comfrey root, spikenard, St. 
John's wort Qiypericum perforatum), and poppy capsules, each )^ oz; pour on 
3 pts. of boiling water and let it stand covered over for 3 hours. Then strain 
through a fine cloth, add J^ lb. of loaf sugar, and let it just boil (no more), 
then add a full wine-glass of Jamaica rum, and cork tightly. Dose — 1 to 2 
table-spoonfuls 3 or 4 times daily. This will be found invaluable in coughs, 
hoarseness, incipient consumption, etc. — Hearth and Home. 

Remarks. — This is an excellent syrup. Dr. Beach, in his Family Practice, 
says of the St. John's Wort: "A syrup of this with sage is a specific (sure cure) 
for coughs." [The St. John's wort grows abundantly in this country and 
Europe, to the great annoyance of many persons, flowering from June to 
August. The stem is two-edged, and grows about 2 feet high, the flowers 
of a bright yellow color, the leaves being marked with clear transparent 
spots of a greenish shade, the whole herb being a dark green ; the petals, or 
leaves of the flowers, are streaked and dotted with black or dark purple, and 
if bruised with the finger give a purple stain. This, I think, will enable any 
one to distinguish it from any other plant.] But this article, so far as I know, 
is but little known and little used. Its flowers are a bright yellow, although 
King says if they are infused in sweet-oil or bears-oil by means of exposure to 
the sun, they make a fine red balsamic ointment for wounds, ulcers, swellings, 
tumors, etc. See a:lso " Ointment of St. John's Wort and Stramonium." 

3. Best Cough Syrup — To Break Up Bad Colds.— I. Tlie 
Syrup. — Horehound leaves and blossoms, spikenard root, comfrey root, elecam- 
pane root, and sun-flower seeds, each 1 oz. ; water suflQcient. Directions. — Boil 
1 hour, having 1 qt. when done; strain, add sugar, 1 lb.; dissolve by heat, and 
add a little brandy {% pt. of spirits will be enough to prevent souring). Dose, — 
One table-spoonful 3 times daily. Tested. — Hom^ Cook Book. 

Remarks. — This will be found good, as it contains most of the roots used in 
" lang syne " for coughs, when there were far less deaths from consumption 
than now, in proportion to the attacks. 

II. To Break Up Bad Colds. — The same book recommends glycerine, 1 
tea-spoonful with spirits, 1 or 2 table-spoonfuls to a pint bowl of hot lemonade, 
to break up bad colds at bed-time. This is also good if taken as hot as it can 


be drank after getting into bed; but don't take additional cold next day after 
the free perspiration which it produces. 

III. How to Cure Recent Colds. — A writer gives the following sen- 
sible plan for quickly curing a recent cold. He says: " When you get chilly 
all over and begin to sniffle and almost struggle for breath, just begin at once 
and your tribulation need not last very long. Get some powdered borax (it 
should be kept in every house), and snuff it freely up the nostrils frequently. 
Smell freely and frequently also from the camphor bottle (which also ought to 
be kept in every house), and pour a little of the camphor upon the handkerchief 
to wipe the nose with as often as is needful, which will be quite often as the 
cold begins to break. The nose will not become sore with this treatment, and 
if begun quickly and followed faithfully at intervals, by bed-time you will won- 
der what has become of your cold, and your sleep will seldom be disturbed." — 

Remarks. — If a cold is not broken up within two or three days at most, it 
will run about two weeks in spite of all known remedies. Take note, then, of 
the very first symptoms, and besides the snuffing of the powdered borax, and 
the hot lemonade on getting into bed, heat the feet by the fire, or put them for 
15 or 30 minutes into hot water, before getting into bed, and then take the hot 
lemonade and put a bottle of hot water or a hot flat-iron to the feet, cover up 
with an extra amount of clothing, and your chances are as good to break up the 
cold as It is possible to make them. Avoid exposure again for a day or two, if 
possible, and you will be safe; at any rate, nothing better can be advised. 

4. Coughs, Indian Vegetable Syrup for.— Soft water, 3 qts.; 
boneset, 8 ozs. ; cinnamon bark, ginseng root, spikenard and comfrey roots, 
each, 1 oz. ; blood root, J^oz. ; loaf sugar, 1 lb.; gin, 6 ozs.; water sufficient. 
DiKECTioNS. — Bruise the roots and bark, and steep (not boil) to 1 qt. ; strain and 
add the sugar, and when cool add the gin and bottle. Dose. — One table-spoonful 
half an hour before meals and at bed-time. 

Remarks. — This has proved valuable in coughs and in incipient consump- 
tion, i. e., in the commencement of the disease. It was obtained of an Indian, 
at an early day, by an uncle of mine, in whose family it was held in high esti- 
mation for the good it had done them. 

5. Colds with Cough, Simple and Easily Taken Bemedy.— 

Roast a lemon, avoiding to burn it; when thoroughly roasted, cut into halves 
and squeeze the juice upon 3 table-spoonfuls of powdered sugar. Mix, and 
take a tea-spoonful whenever the cough or tickling of the throat troubles you. 
It is good as well as pleasant, even for children. 

6. Irritable, Dry or Hacking Coughs, Flaxseed Lemonade 
for.— Put 2 or 3 table-spoonfuls of flaxseed and the juice of 3 good sized 
lemons and 2 or 3 table-spoonfuls of sugar into a dish which can be covered, 
and pour on boiling water, 1 qt. ; cover and let steep until the mucilage has 
been drawn out of the seed. Dose- A table-spoonful of it may be taken every 
hour or two to relieve the hacking, but sipping a little often is better than larger 
doses at longer intervals. 


7. "Winter Cough," or Chronic Bronchitis, Remedy for. — 

Dr. Fletcher, of Washington, strongly recommends the employment of the spray 
of chloral in the treatment of the form of chronic bronchitis known as "winter 
cough," which often offers a very obstinate resistance to remedies. He says: 
" A solution of 10 grs. of chloral to an ounce of water may be inhaled through 
a steam atomizer morning and evening. " 

8. Bronchitis, Valuable Remedy for. — A simple, but oftentimes 
efficacious, remedy for bronchitis in its early stages, is: Syrup of tolu, 1 oz.; 
syrup of squills, J^ oz. ; wine of ipecac, 2 drs. ; paregoric, 3 drs. ; mucilage of 
gum arable, IJ^ozs. Dose. — A tea-spoonful 3 to 5 times daily, as needed. 

9. Indian Cough Syrup. — Elecampane root and Indian turnip 
(known also as wake-robin, Jack-in-the-pulpit, etc.), bruised, each, 1 oz. ; honey, 
1 pt. Steep thoroughly and strain. Dose. — A tea-spoonful to a table-spoonful 
as often as the cough or tickling requires it, at least ^or 4: tiraesd&ilj.— Reliable. 

10. Recent Colds, Simple, but Sensible, Remedy.— A medical 
writer says: " Hot lemonade is one of the best remedies in the world for a 
cold." Directions. — Roll a good sized lemon, squeeze out the juice, cut the 
rind in slices, put in 2 or 3 table-spoonsf uls of sugar, and pour on % of a pt. of 
boiling water, stir well and cover up while the patient is getting into bed; then 
drink it all, cover up warm, and the result will be almost magical. 

11. Chills or Ague, to Ward off. — It is said, also, that the same 
thing, only doubled in quantity, and taking half of it as hot as can be drank, 
an hour before the chill would set in, (being covered warm in bed) and the bal- 
ance in 15 or 20 minutes after, also hot, will ward off "the chilk," as ague is 
often called. Certainly it is a pleasant remedy to take. 

12. Colds— General Washington's Cure. — The Ballimore Ameri- 
can informs us that Gen. George Washington gave the following recipe for a' 
cold, to an old lady now living in Newport, when she was a very young girl, 
1781 — 108 years before this writing. He was lodged in her father's house, the 
old Vernon mansion. As she was being sent to bed early with a veiy bad cold 
he remarked to Mrs. Vernon, the mother of this lady: "My own remedy, my 
dear madam, is always to eat, just before I step into bed, a hot roasted onion if 
I have a cold." 

Remarks. — It may be taken for granted that this simple remedy will be 
found very efficacious, and, if the cold is of recent taking, with the help of 
either toasting the feet before the fire or stove through the evening, otherwise 
soaking them in hot water for 15 to 20 minutes before going to bed, it will be 
the more likely to succeed. If necessary, however, to effect a complete cure, 
repeat it for one or two evenings. And if a hot roasted onion was eaten two or 
three times during the day it would also help the cure. 

13. Colds and Inflammation— Health Rules for Winter,— I. 
*' Never lean with the back upon anything that is cold. 

II. " Never begin a journey until the breakfast has been eaten. 
TIT. ' ' Never take warm drinks and then immediately go out in the cold »">. 


IV. " Keep tlie back, especially between the shoulders, well covered; 
also the chest well protected. 

V. "In sleeping in a cold room, establish the habit of breathing through 
the nose, and never with the mouth open. 

VI. "Never go to bed with cold or damp feet; always toast them by a 
fire 10 or 15 minutes before going to bed. 

VII. "Never omit weekly bathing, for, unless the skin is in active condi- 
tion, the cold will close the pores and favor congestion or other diseases. 

VIII. "After exercise of any kind, never ride in an open carriage or near 
the window of a car for a moment; it is dangerous to health and even to life. 

IX. " When hoarse, speak as little as possible until it is recovered from, 
else the voice may be permanently lost or difficulties of the throat be produced. 
X. "Warm the back by a fire, and never continue keeping the back 
exposed to heat after it has become comfortably warm ; to do otherwise is debil- 

XI. "When going from a warm atmosphere into a colder one, keep the 
mouth closed so that the air may be warmed by its passage through the nose 
ere it reaches the lungs. 

XII. "Never standstill in cold weather, especially after having taken a 
slight degree of exercise; and always avoid standing on ice or snow, or where 
the person is exposed to cold wind; in short, keep your feet warm, your head 
cool, and your mouth shut and you will seldom 'catch cold.' " — Common Sense. 
XIII. To the foregoing rules from "Common Sense "allow the Old Doc- 
tor to make a "baker's dozen" of them, by saying that the most fruitful seed 
from which colds, and often consumption arise, is the pernicious habit of young 
people loitering at the gate. Never do it. 

14. Deep-Seated, or Heavy Cold that Has Settled in the 
Preast. — "J. P. S.," of Holmdel, N. J., writes to the Toledo Blade on this 
Bubject and says: 

" For a heavy cold that has settled in the breast, take 4 table-spoonfuls of 
molasses, 3 of paragoric, 2 of castor -oil, and 1 of turpentine. Mix it well 
together. Take a tea-spoonful before each meal. It is considered one of the 
best remedies known in the New England states, and I know no equal." 

15. Colds of Young Children— Onion Syrup for— Very Valu- 
able. — Slice up thinly a few mild onions and sprinkle sugar over them, set 
in the oven in a suitable dish to simmer until the juice may be all squeezed out, 
then thoroughly mix with the sugar, forming a very nice thick syrup, or sugar, 
according to the amount of each used. Dose — A tea-spoonful, or less, 
according to the age of the child, 4 or 5 times daily, as needed. It is perfectly 
Bafe and reliable for the smallest child ; also valuable for adults. 

Remarks. — This might claim to be a half-brother to General Washington's 
cure for colds. 

16. Coughs, Colds, etc.. Recent Remedy for— Very Satisfac- 
tory. — I have recently tried the following with a good deal of satisfaction. I 
obtained it of a Dr. A. Galloway, formerly of Rochester, N. Y. : Solid extract ot 
licorice, ^ dr., rubbed with muriate of ammonia, 3 drs, and added to syrup 


of senega and ipecac, each, 3^ oz. ; syrup of tolu, 2 ozs; syrup of wild cherry, 
6 ozs; tincture of lobelia, J^ oz. Mix. Dose — Shaken when used; 1 tea- 
spoonful 3 or 4 times daily for adults. I have sipped it of tener than this with- 
out sickening at the stomach. That is all that needs guarding against. Chil- 
dren 5 to 20 drops, according to age. I believe I would sooner risk it than 
Ayer's, which follows: 

17. Ayer's Cherry Pectoral, for Coughs, Colds, Consump- 
tion, etc. — Tinct. of blood root, 2 ozs. ; antimonial wine and wine of ipecac, 
of each 3 drs. ; syrup of wild cherry, 2 ozs. ; acetate of morphia, 4 grs. ; mix. 
Dose — Take 1 tea-spoonful 3 or 4 times daily; or sip a little, as the cough is 
troublesome; and if nausea is felt take less, or stop until the nausea passes off. 
— Dmggist Circular. 

Remarks. — And now allow me to say, with all the recipes here given, there 
need be but little suffering with coughs, colds and consumption in its com- 
mencement, as compared with what it must have continued to be without this 
knowledge. I will close this subject with a cough syrup given by Dr. Hildretlis, 
of Zanesville, Ohio, as follows: 

18. Cough Syrup, Very Valuable in Recent Colds. — Pare- 
goric, l^ozs. ; tinct. of capsicum, 1 dr.; tinct. of tolu, 3 ozs. Dose — A tea- 
spoonful every 3 hours, in a little water. 

Remarks. — Dr. Hildreth has had a long experience in the practice of med- 
icine, and this was his dependence in recent colds. I once heard a man say: 
"Paregoric is the best cough medicine I ever used," which showec? his opinion, 
at least, of the value of one of the articles in this syrup. The combination 
will be found indeed valuable. 

1. WHOOPING- COUGH— Remedy for.— A paper recently read 
before the New York Academy of Science, by Dr. H. A. Mott, holds that much 
of the mortality among children from whooping cough is attributable to the 
prevalent faulty belief that it will be much worse for the child if the disease is 
broken up. He says: The disease is now known to be caused by a fungoid 
growth (in plants, growing quickly like mushrooms, coming up in a night; but 
in animal bodies being slower in growth and being much of the character of 
proud flesh, but below he calls them spores, which indicates them to be more 
of the nature of an animal parasite), which begins under the tongue, and 
spreads backward to the throat and lungs, the spores requiring from 9 to 15 
days to develop. When the fungus enters the bronchial tubes, most alarming 
complications arise. It is, then, best to kill the fungus in its earliest stage; 
there would then seldom be any trouble from bronchitis, cholera infantum, or 
cerebral (head) difficulties. Quinine, just after a coughing spell, and before 
retiring for the night, is the best remedy. 

Remarks. — I have had no opportunity to try this remedy, yet I do not 
doubt its value, for some physicians claim that even chills and fever are devel- 
oped bj spores. Then as quinine does cure ague may it not be by killing the 
spores? most likely. Then, by all means try the quinine immediately after it 
is known that a child, or anyone, has beei: exposed; and if it does not entirely 


abate it, I believe it will give it a mildness not otherwise attained. Probably as 
good a way, or the best way, to take the quinine for this purpose, is to dissolve 
it in one of the following ways: 

1. Quinine, to Dissolve, or Solution of Quinine. — Put 20 grs. of sulphate 
of quinine into a 2 oz. vial, and add 1 dr. of aromatic sulphuric acid, then fill 
the vial with water. Dose — For an adult, 20 drops once an hour, in a table- 
spoonful of water. The proper dose for a child will be 1 drop to each year of 
its age, in 1 tea-spoonful, only, of the water, or if it is a nursing child, ir the 
mother's milk. And, in all cases, (if the spore theory is correct, which I have 
no reason to doubt) the longer the quinine solution is held in the mouth, the 
more certain it will be to kill them. 

II. Rub 20 grs. each of quinine and tartaric acid together, put into the 
same sized vial and fill with water, as in the first case. Dose and manner of 
using, the same. 

The following are a few of the more common remedies for this disease; 
the chestnut leaves, however, I believe are not, as yet, very common ; but I can 
not see why they may not be as efiicient as claimed to be. 

2. Whooping Cough, Eflicient Remedy for. — Somebody's friend 
gave a correspondent of one of the Detroit papers the following as a cer- 
tain cure for whooping cough, by simply "boiling chestnut leaves and sweet- 
ening with brown sugar, " adding : ' ' AVhooping cough generally remains eighteen 
weeks, while by the use of this tea it can be cured in a few days." 

Remarks. — I should gather the leaves before the nuts fall off. 

3. Whooping Cough Tincture.— Tinct. of blood root, 1 oz. ; syrup of 
garlic, 1 oz. ; solid ex. of belladonna, 3 grs. Mix, and be sure the extract is dis- 
solved. Dose. — Ten to 20 drops, according to age of the child, 3 times daily 

i?6marAs. — This is the favorite prescription of Dr. T. B. King, of this city — 
Toledo, O., — an old English physician who practiced in the army of India a 
number of years, and then in the United States, with very great success. This 
is his dependence in bad cases. 

4. Whooping Cough Syrup. — Make a syrup of prickly-pear {Opuntia 
vulgaris, a species of cactus,) and drink freely Take about three moderate 
sized leaves of the prickly pear to a quart of cold water, cut up in pieces and 
boil slowly about half an hour, strain out all the prickles through close muslin 
or linen, sweeten with white sugar and boil, a little longer, A safe and sure cure, 
and so pleasant to the taste that infants will take it with a relish. It is also 
good for a cold that settles in the throat or lungs. This species of cactus grows 
in rocky and sandy places, and is grown in gardens. 

Remarks. — There is nothing said by this writer as to a dose, but I should say 
from a tea-spoonful to a table-spoonful for a child, as needed, according to age. 
An adult 1 to 2 table-spoonfuls. 

5. Whooping Cough, Help for.— I. Cut in small pieces a large red 
onion, put it in a bottle with a piece of asafoetida half the size of a nutmeg, 
cover with good whiskey, shake weh, and it is ready for use; weaken, sweeten 
and give according to age, three or four times a day. 

1-Bavberry or Wax Myrtle. 2-Cratiesbill, or Doves Foot. 3-Pipsissewa, or 
Princes Pine. 4-Mandrake, or May-Apple. S-Ginseng. 6-Boneset, or 
Thoroughwort. 7-Henbane. 8 Bitter Root, or Dog's Bane. 9-Poke, oi 


II. Also mix Radway's Relief with a little sweet-oil, bathe tlie chest, 
stomach, sides, and along the back-bone before going to bed, and take a drop or 
two inwardly, in a little syrup or honey. 

Remarks. — This will be found valuable, but it would be better to allow it 
to stand 3 or 4 days before using. 

1. CHOLERA— Drops and Powder for, also Valuable for 
Colic, Diarrhea, etc. — Alcohol, }^ pt. ; gum myrrh, 1 oz. ; gum guaiac, }4, 
oz. ; gum camphor, capsicum, and opium, each, 1 dr Directions. — Mix, 
and keep in a well -stoppered bottle, shaking often for 10 or 12 days, when it 
will be ready for use. Dose. — A tea-spoonful in well sweetened water; or, 
what is better, use sugar alone, just enough to absorb all the drops, and not use 
any water. 

II. Fo7- the Poicder. — By omitting the alcohol in the above, and pulveriz- 
ing each article, the medicine can be used as a powder, 10 grs. being a dose; or 
the same may be made into pills of 4 grs., 3 pills for a dose. 

Remarks. — Dr A. B. Mason, of Toledo, O., of whom I obtained this 
recipe, says: The above has twice saved my life when attacked by cholera. I 
have never known it to fail in giving almost immediate relief in all cases of 
colic, diarrhea, dysentery, cholera-morbus and cholera. In the summer of '77 
I cured a lady of the regular dysentery, who had been doctored for four weeks 
by one of the best doctors in a city of 20,000 inhabitants, and then lived along 
for four weeks more without a doctor, every one saying she could not live long. 
The night I gave her this medicine was the first good night's rest she had had 
for weeks. In two days all discharges were stopped, and I gave asmall dose of 
podophyllin, and in eight days she was well, and was soon in better health than 
for years before. In this case I used the medicine in the form of a powder. 
In severe cases, he says, repeat the dose often, and even give two times the 
above dose. If vomited up as soon as taken, repeat the dose. The utmost 
confidence may be put in this treatment. 

2. Cholera, Infallible Cure for.— Gen. Jordan, of the Mining 
Record, makes the following statement in relation to the infallible cure of chol- 
era by the use of chloroform only. It is somewhat strange that such facts as 
here stated should not become generally known quicker than they do; still I 
can not doubt their being facts, and as I know that a dozen drops 
of chloroform, in a little water, will at once correct a gaseous condition of a 
dyspeptic stomach (which see), why should it not correct a much more disturbed 
condition, by using larger quantities? I would certainly "go for it," on the 
"double quick" if occasion called for it. He says: 

" A 3^ tea-spoonful of chloroform in about eight times as much water is an 
infallible cure for cholera. A doctor who had lived in Mobile, Ala., and had 
great success in curing people during a cholera epidemic there, told me about 
it. When, in the Cuban revolution, I went to Cuba to help organize the insur- 
gent army, 1 had a chance to try the remedy, for a cholera epidemic broke out 
among the troops. My first experiment was on a negro who was in the last 
stages. It cured him and hundreds after him. When we marched, the officers 
carried bottles of chloroform, and if a man fell out, sick with cholera, the 
remedy was given and he was able to resume his place. 1 have seen men lying 


by the roadside in a state of collapse, almost dead. An officer would ride up, 
dismount and give the remedy, and before the column had passed the man 
would be in the ranks again." 

3. Chronic Diarrhea, Muscovite, or Raw Beef Cure for. — 

About the year 1853 Dr. Weisse, director of the Hospital for Foundlings at St. 
Petersburg, Russia, called the attention of the medical world to the use of raw 
beef in the treatment of chronic diarrhea. His method, to which was applied 
the title of the "Muscovite method," was adopted in England, Germany, Italy 
and France. In the last named country Drs. Trousseau and Bouchut were the 
first to test it, and reported it to have good results in cases of children severely 
afflicted. A little later, Dr. Labadie, of Bordeaux, communicated to the pro- 
fession some facts in regard to three children afflicted with tubercles, whom he 
had treated and cured by the Russian "Muscovite" method. We give 
below Dr. Trousseau's formula for preparing the meat: Take 100 grammes (1 
gramme is about 1^% grs., and 100 are equal to about 3J^ ozs.) of fillet of 
beef, from which the gristle and fat should be carefully removed; mince it fine 
and bray (pound) it in a wooden mortar; 20 grammes (^ oz.) of powdered 
sugar, 1^ grammes of chloride of sodium (common salt, 23 grs.,); % 
gramme chloride of potassium {1% grs.); 1}/^ grammes (23 grs.) powdered black 
pepper. Take by the table-spoonful during the day. 

Remarks. — As but few would understand these French technicalities, I have 
put their " grammes " into grains, to be easily understood. I have used the 
above with satisfaction in consumption, although there is no doubt that Dr. 
Labadie, by "tubercles," refers to a tuberculous deposit in the mesen- 
teric glands of the bowels, as children are frequently troubled with them, and 
they art, very wasting in their effect upon their tender constitution. It is 
undoubtedly a valuable diet in either of these exhaustive diseases, whether of 
children or adults, and may be used in any disease of a debilitating character, 
where some physicians have recently adopted the plan of giving what they call 
"powdered beef," that is grated, or pounded fine, then dried. I should prefer 
this " Muscovite " plan of using it. It will prove exceedingly valuable hi con- 

4. Chronic Diarrhea, a Well Tried Remedy. — Powdered opium 
and tannin, each 10 grs. ; mix thoroughly and divide into 20 powders. Dose — 
Take 1 powder in a little syrup every 4 hours, till improved, then 1 or 2 pow- 
ders daily, as occasion requires, until the cure is complete. 

Remarks. — It is not best to check too suddenly, lest fever or other disturb- 
ance of the system arise. Watch carefully, with this, and it will generally be 
found effectual. 

1. PAIN KILLER, INTERNAL— For Cholera, Diarrhea, 
etc. — Oil of cloves, cinnamon, anise and peppermint, each 45 drops; laudanum 
and ether, each 1 oz. ; alcohol, 3 ozs. Dose — A tea-spoonful in 2 table-spoon- 
fuls of sweetened water, and for an adult it may be repeated in from 5 min- 
utes to 3^ an hour, or 1 hour, according to the severity of the pain, or the fre- 
quency of the discharge. Children proportionately less, according to age. A 
teaspoon is considered to hold 60 drops; then at 14 years, 3^; at 7 years, ^; a6 


4 years, 1-5; at 3 years, 1-6; at 2 years, %; decreasing in like proportion for 
infants; at 21 years the full dose is to be given, up to 60 years, then diminish, 
in like proportion on each 5 to 10 years. 

Remarks. — This prescription is from " Old " Dr. T. B. King, who used it in 
India with great success, curing internal aches and pains, diarrhea and bloody 
dysentery as well as cholera. I would now suggest the addition of half as 
much chloroform as ether, and also one-fourth as much tincture of cayenne. 
In the "Old" Doctor's day in India chloroform was not as much in use as 
since then, and the cayenne has, of late years, also been found a very valuable 
aid in curing internal pains, as well as the free discharges from the bowels. It 
is one of our best and purest stimulants. And with these additions it would 
be a valuable embj-ocation, or liniment, to use externally on the stomach and 
bowels in these painful diseases. 

2. Pain Killer, Truly Magical, for All Purpose and Places of 
Pain. — Morphine, 10 grs. ; chloral hydrate and camphor gum, each, 3^ oz. ; 
chloroform, 1 oz. ; nitrite of amyl, 2 drs. ; oils of cloves and cinnamon, each, 
J^ oz. ; alcohol (best), to fill a 4 oz. bottle. Dikections — Dissolve the 
morphine in a little of the alcohol; rub the chloral hydrate and the cam- 
phor gum together, which forms a liquid, and add the dissolved morphine and 
the others, the nitrite of amyl to be the last, as it is very evaporative; then 
add 3 or 4 drops of strong sulphuric acid, which keeps the morphine in solu- 
tion. Dose — It may be taken on sugar in doses of 5 to 20 drops, and repeated 
in 30 minutes to an hour, according to the severity of any internal pain. For 
headache inhale from the bottle, from nostril to nostril, and apply also over the 

Remarks. — This will stop any kind of pain almost immediately, and does 
seem, at least, to be magical by its quick action upon the nerves, relieving 
pain at once. I have applied it upon the eyeball (not in the eye, but with the 
eye closed) holding the finger wet with it for a minute or two, which causes a 
counter, or external, irritation, and would soon cause a blister, which proves 
its value as well as its strength and adaptation to the relief of pain in all situa- 
tions. I cannot speak of it too highly, for slight pains or neuralgia of the 
eye. I shall use it upon painful teeth, neuralgic, and, in fact, in all pains any- 
where, internally and externally It will be hard, very hard, to excel. The 
only objection against it, is its cost (about 25 cents an ounce), when made in 
small quantities. It would still be valuable as a liniment if an equal amount 
of alcohol was added, which would make it cheaper, but to retain its magical 
power it must be kept full strength. 

3. Pain Killer, or Rubefacient, in Place of Mustard Plaster, 
Immediate in its Action. — When there is internal pain, as in pleurisy, 
inflammation of the lungs, etc., wherein it would be thought advisable to put 
on a mustard plaster, for quick relief take the following: Chloroform, spirits 
of camphor and sweet oil, equal parts, say 1 oz. each. Mix. Directions — 
Fold a piece of muslin 3 or 4 thicknesses, shake the bottle and wet the cloth 
thoroughly with the mixture and apply, covering with a folded towel to pre- 



vent evaporation. Dr. T. B. King, of this city (Toledo), claims it will remove 
ordinary or rheumatic pain in one minute, and that it will blister in three min- 
utes. So be careful when you do not desire to blister. If the pain moves to 
any other part, follow it up in the same manner. 

BLEEDING— A Styptic Which Will Stop Bleeding of the 
Largest Vessels. — Brandy, or common whisky, 2 ozs. ; castile soap, 2 drs. ; 
carbonate of potash, 1 dr. Directions — Scrape the soap fine and dissolve it 
in the spirits; then add the potash; mix well and keep corked. Warm it and wet 
pledgets of lint in it and apply to the wound. It immediately congeals the 
blood and coagulates it some distance within the vessel. It may need repeating 
for deep wounds and when limbs are cut off. 

Remarks. — I am sorry I cannot give the name of the writer, or the papal 
in which this was published, having had it in my scrap-book for some time; 
but I am satisfied that it is reliable. 

ST. VITUS' DANCE, or Shaking Palsy, Cure for.— Tincture of 
black cohosh, 6 ozs. ; bromide of potassium, IJ^ ozs. ; mix. Dose — For an adult, 
1 tea-spoonful 3 times daily, an hour after meals. 

Remarks. — W. W. Stimson, M. D., of Connersville, Miss., reports in the 
Medical Brief, the cure of a young lady of 15 years, who had had this annoying 
trouble so bad that she would not go into company for over a year, her speech 
even being affected. Two weeks cured this cas& But in older persons and of 
longer standing it may require months. There is no danger in its use; but after 
taking the above amount I would wait a week before beginning on a new pre- 
scription of same amount. Look after general health in all cases. Younger 
persons will take less according to age. 

1. FELON — Bemedy for. — A small piece of calf's rennet soaked in 
milk and tied around the finger, renewing occasionally, will cure any case of 

Remarks. — I do no^know who tried this, to make the assertion, nor have I 
had a chance to test it; yet I have no doubt of its value. But as the rennet 
cnay not always be at hand, I will give the following, the ingredients of which 
may always be obtained: 

2. Felon Salve— Successful Treatment. — A salve made of soap and 
Bpirits of turpentine, a very small proportion of the latter, just enough to 
moisten the soap, which has been shaved from a bar. " I have known it," says^ 
"H. S. P.," of Byron, Wis., to one of the papers, "to cure the worst felons, 
and I never knew it to fail when applied." To which the editor added: " The/ 
above is a well-known remedy in the editor's family, and has always been con 
sidered infallible, if applied in the earlier stages." 

3. Felon— Warranted Cure for.— F. F. Lewis, of Whitewater, Wis., 
says: "Wind a cloth loosely about the finger, leaving the end free. Pour in 
common gunpowder till the afflicted part is entirely covered; then keep the 
whole constantly wet with strong spirits of camphor. Warranted to remove 
all pain in two hours. Have seen it tried many times, and never without abso- 
lute cure and without pain or injury to the hand." 


1. HYDROPHOBIA; or, Mad Dog Bites— Hot Vapor Baths 
for. — The following item comes from G. F. J. Colburn, of Washington, D. C, 
who says: ' ' For God's sake, give the remedy a trial, should a case present itself. " 
The report was first published in the Salui Public, of Lyons, France, as follows: 

" Dr. Buifson claims to have discovered a remedy for this terrible disease. 
In attending a female patient in the last stages of canine madness, the doctor 
imprudently wiped his hand with a handkerchief impregnated with her saliva. 
There happened to be a slight abrasion on the index finger of the left hand; but, 
confident of his own curative system, the doctor merely washed the parts with 
water. He was fully aware of the imprudence he had committed, and says: 
' Believing that the malady would not declare itself until the fortieth day, and 
having various patients to visit, I put off from day to day the application of my 
remedy — that is to say, vapor baths. The ninth day, being in my cabinet, I 
felt all at once a pain in my eyes. My body felt so light that I felt as if I could 
jump a prodigious height, or, if thrown out of a window, I could sustain myself 
in the air. My hair was so sensitive that I appeared to be able to count it sep- 
arately without looking at it. Saliva kept constantly forming in my mouth. 
Any movement in the air caused great pain to me and I was obliged to avoid 
the sight of brilliant objects. I had a continued desire to run and bite — not 
human beings, but animals, and all that was near me. I drank with difficulty, 
and I remarked that the sight of water distressed me more than the pain in ray 
throat. I believe that by shutting the eyes, any one suffering from hydro- 
phobia can always drink. The fits come on every five minutes, and I then felt 
the pain start from the index finger and run up the nerves to the shoulder. In 
this state, thinking that my course was preservative, not curative, I took a vapor 
bath, not with the intention of cure, but of suffocating myself. When the 
bath was at 52 centigrade (93 3-5 Fahrenheit), all the symptoms disappeared as 
if by magic, and since then I have never felt anything more of them. I have 
attended more than 80 persons bitten by mad animals, and I have not lost a 
single one. Wlien a person is bitten by a mad dog he must for 7 successive 
days take a vapor bath, a la Russe, of 57 to 63 degrees. This is the preventive 
remedy. A vapor bath may be quickly made by putting 2 or three red-hot 
bricks in a bucket for 15 or 20 minutes. The person to be covered with a 
blanket. When the disease is declared, it only requires one vapor bath, rapidly 
increasing to 37 centigrade, then slowly to 53, and the patient must strictly con- 
fine himself to his chamber until the cure is complete." 

2. Hydrophobia, Portuguese Physician's Cure.— A Portuguese 
phy^cian claims to have cured several cases of hydrophobia by simply rubbing 
garlic into the wound, and giving the patient a decoction of garlic to drink for 
several days. This is the old Greek treatment, which, it is claimed, was prac- 
ticed by them with success. — Medical Brief. 

1. SUN-STROKE AND APOPLEXY, How to Cure.— Sun- 
stroke and apoplexy, can be cured almost surely if taken in any kind of time. 
Dr. E. B. Babbitt says: 

I. " Rub powerfully on the back of the head and neck, making horizontal 
and downward movements. This draws the blood away from the front of the 
brain and vitalizes the involuntary nerves. 

II. " While rubbing call for cold water immediately, which apply to the 
face and to the hair on the top and the side of the head. 

III. " Call for a bucket of water as hot as can be borne, and pour it by dip 
perfuls on the back of the head and neck for several minutes. The effect will 
be wonderful, for vitalizing the medulla oblongata (that part of the spinal column 


•within the head); it vitalizes the whole body, and the patient will generaUy 
start up into full conscious life in a very short time. 

" Last summer I was called in to see a man on Fourth avenue. I found 
him in a state of coma, and his wife greatly alarmed, supposing him to be 
dead. He had lain ,thus for about 3 hours. I had him brought out where 
he could get the air] jerked off his clothes, rubbed his back, head and neck 
powerfully, slapped his back, legs and feet briskly, and called for iced water, 
which I applied to his front and upper head. I then had a bucket of hot water 
brought, which I poured on his back, head and neck. Before doing this I had 
noticed some signs of life while applying the cold water in front, but after 
applying the hot water on the back of the head and neck a few minutes, he 
started up, vomited, and exclaimed ' 'All right !" I occupied about 20 minutes in 
thus resuscitating him. He rose up, put on his clothes with a little help, and did 
not lose an hour more from his business. Persons of large and active brains and 
weak bodies are more liable to sun-stroke and should wear light-colored, cool 
hats in summer, wet the hair occasionally, and if they feel a brain pressure 
coming on, should rub briskly on the back of the neck and put cold water on 
the top and front of the head. These remarks, if heeded, will prevent great 
danger and great suffering. I have never known this method to fail." 

ifemarJks.— Heretofore it has been customary to use only cold water upon 
the head in sun-stroke or apoplexy, but it seems by the above treatment of Dr. 
Babbitt, with the hot water upon the back of the head and neck, that conscious- 
ness is restored much more quickly, as well as more certainly, for without it, on 
the old plan of the cold water only, many have never been restored at all; hence 
the hot water should be provided as quickly as possible, and applied freely with 
a dipper, while the cold water, by wet cloths, may be kept on the front and top 
of the head. Small things, when you get the right thing, are often "wonder- 
ful," as the doctor puts it above. The colder the water on the front and top of 
the head, the better, and the hotter it can be borne on the back of the liead and 
neck, the better, also. It would seem to me preferable, to dip cloths into the 
hot water and apply as hot as they can be borne, re-wetting often, than to pour 
it. For those who have a tendency to head troubles let them dampen a 
flat piece of sponge and put it in the hat before going out into a very hot sun. 
It may be well to know that what is good for sun-stroke is also good for apoplexy. 
When one is stricken down in the sun, he should be placed in the shade as 
quick as possible, and cold water applied to his face, and the limbs kept warm 
by rubbing, etc., until he can be removed to the house, where the above plan 
can be carried out fully. 

W. H. Riddle, of Crystal Lake, Cal., says to "Mary," of Zenia, Ind., through 
the Blade Household : 

" Do not use nitric acid on your face. I would advise you to use the acid 
nitrate of mercury, in removing moles from the face. The acid should be 
applied with a splinter of wood, and gentlj^ rubbed in the part (with the splinter) 
for several seconds, according to the thickness of the growth. Great care 
should be taken to prevent the acid from reaching the surrounding skin. There 
is absolutely no pain attending the application, ajid the growth gradually shriv- 


els away, and the slough falls off in about a week. I know a lady who had a 
very large mole removed in this way from the chin, leaving scarcely any de 
pression in the skin. It is now some live years since the operation was per 
formed, with no return of the growth." 

Remarks. — It will be safe to use it for this purpose. Have it labeled, and 
keep it out of the way of children. 

After writing the above, having a mole on one of my wrists, I tried it, and 
removed it successfully. At the first application it only took off about half the 
thickness of the mole; I then applied it again, using the end of a match-splint; 
I put on so much and rubbed it in so thoroughly that it killed the mole entirely, 
making a deep sore, although no larger than the mcJle; but putting on a lini- 
ment, followed with a little vaseline, 5 or 6 times daily, removed all soreness 
and healed it up in a few days, leaving the skin perfectly smooth and soft. I 
have since cured 3 or 4 others with the same, 2 of which were cancerous (open 
sore), and consequently, know the value of the acid nitrate of mercury for such 

2. Pimples or Skin Diseases, Valuable Remedy for. — Glyc- 
erine (English or Price's), 100 grs. ; corrosive sublimate, 5 grs. Directions — 
Eub the corrosive sublimate in a little of the glycerine; then mix aU, and apply 
morning and evening. 

Remarks. — M. Pierre Vigier, a French professor, finds, from experiments 
upon himself and upon his pupils, that substances incorporated with glycerine 
are not absorbed by the skin, therefore he advises this as a substitute for blue 
ointment, which stains the linen and is absorbed, while with a glycerine pre- 
pared as above, in spite of the causticity of the bichloride (corrosive sublimate 
is the bichloride of mercury), the skin is not irritated by this mixture, and after 
extensive applications to the skin, no mercury is found in the urine. 

The fact that by this form of mixing the corrosive sublimate prevents its 
absorption into the system, it should be so prepared ; as it thus cures these and 
other skin diseases, it becomes valuable for these purposes. It will also cure 
itch, as well as pimples, blotches, black-heads (worms in the skin of the face). 
See " Pimples, Tetter, etc.," where corrosive sublimate is also used. 

3. Freckles, Remedy for. — The follovdng remedy is said to have 
been found efiicacious in Europe: Finely powdered sulpho-phenate of zinc (one 
of the newer remedies), 1 part; ml of lemon, 1 part; pure alcohol, 5 parts; 
collodion, 45 parts ; drops, grs. or drs. — as you please — may be used. Direc- 
tions — Mix well ; then apply to the freckles, twice daily, until the change is 

4. To Remove Freckles. — Rub them twice, daily, with a piece of 
saltpeter, moistened by touching it in water. 

5. Sunburn, to Remove. — Water, 1 pt.; pulverized borax, 1 oz. 
Directions — Put in a bottle and shake before using. Wet the parts, black- 
ened by exposure to the sun, twice daily. 

6. Pimple, Tetter or Bad Skin Diseases, Remedy. — Put corro- 
sive sublimate, 30 grs., into a 4 oz. vial, with J^ oz. of oil of sassafras (these to 
be rubbed together), and fiU the bottle with alcohol. 


Remarks. — Upon pimples of an ulcerative character, or on eruptions, like 
tetter or salt-rheum, apply this corrosive mixture, once a day only, until some 
inflammation manifests itself, then discontinue, and apply simple glycerine, 
vaseline or some mild ointment, until healed. If in any case the pimples or 
eruptions show again, do the same for 2 or 3 times, which will generally cure 
them, especially if a proper cathartic is first given, then an alterative course of 
medicine is given. But should the above fail in any case, double the amount 
of corrosive sublimate and try it again. It has been used as strong as here 
recommended; but if of less strength will do, so much the better. Of course 
it will be understood that this is a poison, and children should not have access 
to it; although it is safe and valuable to use as above directed. 

7. Tetter, Simple Cure for. — It is claimed also that to wet gun- 
powder and smear on the tetter twice a day, for 2 or 3 days, will effect a per- 
manent cure. It would undoubtedly be rather severe. I should rub it up in 
water, or spirits of camphor, to use it, and make the strength bearable, as it is 
no use to kill it dead the first pop, but use it milder, and longer, will do as well. 
If the gun-powder was rubbed fine, then rubbed into an ointment with lard, or 
vaseline, I think it would do just as well. A tea-spoonful of the powder to 1 
oz. will be strong enough. But do not forget a laxative treatment with sulphur 
and cream of tartar, salts or magnesia, as may be preferred. 

8. Pace Worms, to Rem.ove. — To remove worms in the face, 
place over the black spot the hollow end of a watch-key, and press firmly. 
This forces the foreign substance out, so that it may be brushed off, and is a 
cure. A lady writer gives us the following, also: 

9. Pace Worms, Pimples, etc. — Wash your face night and morn- 
ing in strong cologne water and rub dry with a coarse towel. Also take a 
thimbleful of sulphur in a glass of milk 2 or 3 times a week, before breakfast. 
Continue the practice a couple of weeks. 

Remarks. — It is a well known fact that sulphur is a valuable thing to take 
internally, from its alterative effect in all diseases of the skin; and one of the 
handiest ways to take it, is to mix it up quite thick, with a little syrup, or 
molasses; and when thus mixed, in place of stopping to measure out the lady's 
thimbleful, as above, take what you can in a tea-spoon, three morn- 
ings, and skip three, till nine doses are taken. Some prefer to make it 
half-and-half, with cream of tartar, and to take it in the same way; but the 
cream of tartar is not as necessary in skin difficulties, as it is in more general 
inflammations, such as boils, swellings, etc. 

10. Pimples, Bad and of Long Standing.— Prof. Scudder, ol 
Cincinnati, Ohio, reports through the Eclectic Medical Journal, the 
case of a girl who had been troubled for years with pimples, which 
left large scars, cured in 10 days, by the simple use of bicarbonate of soda 
(common baking soda). He claimed, because of a broad, pallid or pale tongue, 
the soda was needed to neutralize an acid condition of the system. The cure 
proved him correct. Dose— For a girl of 15 years, the age of the one cured, 
% tea-spoonful in a little water, 2 or 3 table-spoonfuls only, after each meal. 


Remarks. — It will prove valuable in many cases, and in all cases with acidity 
of the stomach, "belching" wind, or passing large amounts of gas per rectvma. 
In these cases, "belching" of the wind, or gas distending the stomach and 
bowels, mix ivory black (which is an animal charcoal), with equal parts 
of sugar and half a tea-spoonful of the mixture, taken before meals, by plac- 
ing on the tongue dry, then taking a sip of water to swallow it. These two 
will soon correct this condition which arises from dyspepsia. 

1. PILLS, Compound Cathartic and. Liver. — Comp. ext. of 
colocynth, ext. of jalap and calomel, each, 100 grs. ; gamboge and ext. of 
hyoscyamus, each, 25 grs. ; castile soap in powder (in fact, all in powder except 
the extract of hyoscyamus, which is gummy). Mix and make into 100 pills. 
Dose — As an active cathartic, 2 or 3 pills, to act on the liver 1 pill at bedtime 
each night until the action is sufficient. 

Remarks. — I have prescribed them and found them to have the desired 
effect with those persons who prefer calomel to podophyllin. But if there are 
those who think they would like this pill best if it was not for the calomel, 
they can leave it out, or put in only 25 grs. of it, so as to have one-fourth of a 
grain only in each pill. Either way it will be found efficient and satisfactory. 
I prefer it with only \i gr. of calomel to each pill. The old plan of giving 
large doses of calomel, I feel thankful, is among the things of the past. 

2. Butternut Pills. — A very valuable cathartic is made by taking the 
inner bark of the butternut tree and roots (not old trees),, strip it into strips and 
put in a clean boiler, with plenty of water, and keep moderately hot for 48 
hours, then boil for a few hours longer, after which pour out and strain; then 
boil down to a consistency of thick molasses, adding at this point as much 
molasses as there is of the extract, and continue to boil down carefully until 
quite thick; then preserve in covered jars. Dose — A piece the size of a small 
hickory nut, or less, as may be found to be necessary to produce proper cathar- 
tic action. During the Revolution there was but little other physic used. This, 
however, was very satisfactory ; and still in places where the tree abounds, it may 
be adopted with a like satisfaction. In case that it gripes or gives pain in its 
action, a little powdered ginger, or capsicum may be incorporated with the 
gummy mixture to overcome this tenesmus, as doctors call it. One-fourth aa 
much bulk of the ginger or one-eighth of capsicum will be sufficient. 

3. Liver Regulator, or Liver Complaint, Dyspepsia, etc., 
Liquid Remedy for.— Fluid exts. of dandelion, blue flag-root and rhubarb, 
each, 1 oz. ; fl. ext. leptandra (Culver's physic) and simple syrup, each, 2 ozs. 
Mix. Dose — One-half tea-spoonful every 6 hours. 

4. Liver Syrup, or Liver Regulator, in Place of Pills for an 
Inactive Liver, Constipation, etc. — The fl. exts. of wahoo, butternut 
and cascara sagrada, each % oz. ; fl. exts. of fringe tree and white ash, each, J^ 
oz. ; fl. exts. of berberis aquaf olium, prickly ash and bitter root (Culver's physic), 
each, 1 dr. Mix and add simple syrup to fill a 4 oz. bottle ; shake when used. 
Dose — Take i^ tea-spoonful at bedtime only, and if it does not start the action 
of the liver in 3 or 4 days at most increase the dose to %, or even 1 iea-spoon- 


ful; then drop back to the 3^, or it may be to 15 or 20 drops, to keep a little 
action on the liver until it will continue its secretion of bile, producing natural 
colored stools. 

Remarks. — As there are persons who cannot take pills, and others also who 
prefer laxative medicines in liquid form, as well as many whose livers need a 
mild medicine so it can be continued for some time to overcome the inactivity 
of the liver, etc., such persons will find this recipe to " fill the bill" in all these 
cases. Hence, this will be found a very valuable substitute for pills. A little 
oil of wintergreen may be put in as a flavor and to hide the bitter taste, if 

5. Liquid Physic for Constipated and Weakly Women and 
Children.— Fl. ext. of butternut, 2 ozs. ; tinct. of aloes, 5 drs. ; comp. tinct. 
of cardamon, 1 oz.; simple syrup, 4 oz. Mix. Dose — According to age of 
children, from 1 to 3 tea-spoonfuls in the morning is the best time to give to 
children, and repeat next morning, if no operation before. For weak consti- 
pated women, the physician whom I first knew to use this preparation was in 
the habit of triturating calomel, 10 grs., with 100 grs. of the sugar of milk, 
and dividing into 10 powders; then giving 1 powder at 10 in the evening, and 
at 2 in the morning, followed by 1 or 2 tea-spoonfuls of this liquid physic, which 
carries off all otherwise ill effects of the calomel, arouses the action of the 
liver and overcomes the tendency to constipation. Those in favor of using 
calomel will undoubtedly be satisfied to use it in this manner; the trituration, 
or thoroughly rubbing the calomel, or any other medicine, with sugar of milk, 
divides it into more minute particles and then it takes less to have the desired 
effect. Of course, this liquid physic can be taken without the calomel by 
doubling the dose. See the remarks closing tlie subject of " Jaundice," for the 
author's experience and opinion of calomel in small doses. Since writing this 
I have given the twentieth of a grain calomel pill with entire satisfaction, 
arousing the action of the liver. 

6. Pills for Constipation— Very Successful. — Pulverized aloes, 40 
grs.; solid ext. of nux vomica, 20 grs.; solid ext. belladonna, 15 grs. Mix 
thoroughly and divide into 50 pills. Dose — One pill only; never more than 1 
pill for a dose, at bedtime every night until cured or all taken. — Dr. T. B. King. 

Remarks. — The doctor says this is the best thing he knows, and pretty sure to 
cure the difficulty. I have used it with success in one case of long standing con- 
stipation. It was a lady who was pretty well run down in strength, but with this 
pill at night, and a 2 gr. pill of quinine 3 times daily, for a month, she has 
enjoyed an excellent condition of health now for several months. Jf they fail 
to touch the spot, 3^^ gr. of podophyllin, or calomel, as one prefers, may be 
added to each pill; neither will be required unless it may be for an occasional 
case of constipation which has withstood all otlier remedies. 

GOUT— Cured by Garlic— The London Truth makes the following 
remarks upon the garlic as a specific (sure cure) for gout. It is amusing, and 
Is, no doubt, valuable: "Many people would be overjoyed to pay large sums 
for a specific for gout. I will give them for nothing a sure but simple cure. A 


friend of mine had chalkstones on his fingers so bad that he might have marked 
lialf the trees in Windsor Park with them. After consulting almost all the 
specialists in Europe he was advised by an old woman (some old women know 
more than half of us doctors) to try a clove of garlic (a clove of garlic means 
one small bulb from a cluster) night and morning. He did so, and the chalk- 
stones totally disappeared. No doubt such a cure involves the social duty of 
retiring to the summit of an exceedingly high mountain, or going to sea, alone, 
in a yacht; but it is worth even the penalty of absolute seclusion to get rid of 
chalkstones." (See next recipe.) 

1. PURIFYING THE BLOOD— Safest Way by the Use of 
Onions. — Sherley Dare, in answering correspondents through the Blade House' 
hold, says to "A. E. "W.," of Waterloo: "The safest and quickest prescription 
for clearing the blood is to eat a raw onion, finely minced, at breakfast; the whole 
of a common sized onion is enough, and a dose of charcoal or ground coffee, 
and brushing the teeth, will deodorize the breath. The onion can be taken 
with salt and vinegar as a salad. Consumptives find this of benefit." 

Remarks. — I have much more faith in the onion as an alterative, than I 
have in the idea that the charcoal or powdered coffee, even with the brushing of 
the teeth, will remove the odor of onions from the breath ; but what of that? 
let the "bref" smell of garlic; if onions will do what they are here credited 
with, they are certainly more valuable than is generally set down to their credit; 
but I remember of once being told by a gentleman that a moderate sized onion 
minced and eaten at each meal, with the salt and vinegar, as above mentioned, 
would cure dyspepsia. I have no doubt of their utility, both as an alterative 
upon the blood and as a tonic to the stomach; not one is eaten when ten ought 
to be. 

2. Roasted Onions— As a Poultice to Boils, Inflammation of 
the Bowels, etc. — A poultice of roasted onions applied to boils, tvunors, 
etc., hastens suppuration, and are often applied as "drafts" to the feet, and I 
have heard, from the old women, of their being applied in excessive fevers, by 
mashing or pounding onions and placing them under the arms and upon the 
bowels or other parts swollen from extensive inflanomation (to be changed 
often), and they are very valuable indeed. 

3. Onions, Their Value as Food.— Onions contain 25 to 30^ (*, «., 

25 to 80 parts in 100) of solid substance, when dried; while potatoes, even, do 
not average 25^; but from some peculiarity of the onion its nourishing proper- 
ties more than double those of the potato, and in some cases nearly treble it; 
hence its value as food may now be the better understood, and without regard 
to its peculiar flavor, the onion should be much more eaten than it is. If health 
is desirable, eat onions. 


physic, root, and wahoo, bark of the root, each, IJ^ ozs. ; prickly ash bark and 
poke root, each, % oz. ; Peruvian bark, the best red unground, wild cherry 
bark and anise seed, each, 1 oz. ; blue-flag, yellow-dock, dandelion and pleurisy 
roots, known also as white root {asdepias tuberosa), with our home yellow parilla 


and Honduras sarsaparilla and golden seal roots, each, 1 oz. ; water, 1 gal. \ 
alcohol, 1 pt., or good whiskey (if there is good (?) whiskey), 1 qt. DrREC- 
TiONS — Have all the roots and barks ground coarsely if you buy the dry articles 
of the druggist, and if you use the green ones, gathered yourself, use half as much 
more, and even twice as much will do no harm; bruise them with a mallet or 
hammer, and steep all in the water 3 or 4 hours, covered; then strain and press 
out all the virtue, and when cool, strain again to get rid of the fine sediment; 
add the alcohol, or whiskey, and if it lacks any of 1 gal. make it up with wine- 
worked cider, or whiskey. Bottle and keep in a cool place. Dose — According 
to the size and robustness of the person, take from 1 to 2 table-spoonfuls a 
short time before each meal. If costive, or considerable dyspeptic disturbances 
of the stomach, see remarks and further directions below. 

II. Remarks and Further Directions if at all Co&tim. — In such cases take 
a quart of this bitters and add J^ dr. of the alcoholic ex. of mandrake, dissolved 
nicely in the bitters by rubbing in a cup with a tea-spoon; pour ofiE into the 
bottle and put on more, as it is slow to dissolve. Dose — This can only be taken 
in doses of from 1 to 2 tea-spoon fuls 3 times daily, more or less, to keep the 
bowels easy. The mandrake is very gentle in its cathartic and laxative proper- 
ties, but it is very certain. 

III. If dyspeptic, take a pint bottle and pour into it fl. exs. of leptandra 
and blue-flag, each, 1 dr.; and fl. ex. of balmony, 3^ oz., and also iodide of 
potash, 25 grs. , and fill the bottle with the No. 1 Bitters, which has no man- 
drake in it. Dose — Then take 1 table- spoonful for a dose, just before meals 
and at bed-time; and if the urine is scanty or high-colored, 2 drs. each of fl. 
exs. of buchu and uva ursi may also be put in. Dose — The same, as with the 
above bitters as a base, almost any condition can be met. 

1. DIARRHEA COMPOUND.— Compound spirits of lavender and 
tinct. of rhubarb, each, 1 oz. ; laudanum, 3 drs. ; oil of cinnamon, 10 drops; mix. 
Dose — One tea-spoonful every hour or two, for an adult, as needed, until 
relieved ; then 2 or 3 times a day only, for a day or two. 

2. Loose Bowels, Simple Remedy for.— For loose bowels, not 
of long standing nor very severe, the following powder will prove effectual and 
satisfactory. I have used it many times. Powdered opium and tannin, each, 
5 grs. Mix thoroughly and divide into 10 powders. Dose— For an adult, 1 
powder every 4 hours, or 3, or even every 2 hours, if needed to control the con- 
dition; children of 8 to 12 years, half a powder only, and of a less age — above 
2 years — one-fourth only of a powder. 

3. For Infantile Diarrhea.— That is, for children at the breast or 
less than 2 years old: Powdered rhubarb, 10 grs. ; calomel, 1 gr.; morphine, 
^ gr., and divide into 10 powders, 1 powder for a dose. No danger of saliva- 
ting a child at the breast. 

4. Diarrhea of an Exhaustive Character, Dr. T. B. King's 
Remedy for.— Blue mass and pulverized ipecac, of each 3 grs. ; prepared 
chalk and pulverized rhubarb, each 10 grs.; pulverized opium, 3 to Id gra. 
Mix and make into 10 pills. Directions, Dose, etc.— For adults, bad cases^ 


ase the 10 grs. of the opium and give 1 pill every 3 hours ; f ot children and 
«light cases, only 3 to 5 grs. of opium should be used; small children, only half 
^ pill cut up and dissolved in molasses will be sufficient for a dose, to be 
repeated in 3 or 4 hours, as needed. 

5. Diarrhea, Simple Home Remedy for.— The journals of late 
have said considerable about the use of pure cider vinegar in diarrhea. It was 
started, so far as I know, by T. E. Stellwagen, in an edition of Coleman's 
"Dental Surgery." Dose — For an adult about 2 ozs., or 4 tablespoonfuls, 
tvithout water; for a child of 1 year, a tablespoonful with a little water. 

Remarks. — Its effect is said to be to check the colicky pains at once, to 
felieve the chills and cramps, if any present, and to give a feeling of warmth 
and comfort over the surface I trust it will prove as reliable as reported. It 
is claimed to have been satisfactory even in long standing cases. 

1. DYSENTERY — Successful Remedy for.— Laudanum and 
ipecac. Directions, Dose, etc. — For an adult first give laudanum, 20 drops, 
to prepare the stomach so it shall retain the ipecac, which is to be given half an 
hour after, in 20 gr. doses, repeated every 6 hours until cured. The first dose 
may be vomited, or partially so, as this article is well understood to possess this 
property — of vomiting — but it is also known that the stomach can be trained to 
tolerate (bear) it. It also acts as a mild laxative, tonic, and stimulant, to the 
coats of the stomach and intestines, producing slight sweating, moist and pliable 
skin, and thereby reducing the fever, controlling also the tenesmus (pain and 
griping) of the rectum at the time of the passage, almost if not wholly reliev- 
ing this difficulty soon after its use is commenced. 

2. Dysentery, Diarrhea and Incipient Cholera— Milk a Speci- 
fic for, — It is reported through the Milk Journal, of London, Eng., that in the 
East Indies, 1 pt. of warm milk every 4 hours, will check the most violent of 
the above complaints. The milk must not be boiled, but just hot enough to drink 
comfortably. Boiled milk, contrary to our American custom, is not to be 

NERVOUS HEADACHE— Such as People Used to be Bled 
for. — Iodide of potash, 2 drs. ; tinct of gelsemium, 2 drs. ; pure water, 2 ozs. ; 
mix. Dose — 1 tea-spoonful once in 2 to 4 hours until relieved. 

Remarks. — This is a prescription of a physician of Grand Rapids Mich., for 
a lady who called upon him to be bled for the difficulty, according to what she 
had been accustomed to. But he made this prescription for her and it relieved 
her. The next season she called upon myself for the same purpose, at the same 
time showing me the prescription, which I changed to bromide of potassium, in 
the same quantity for the iodide, which she took with the same success. I pre- 
fer the bromide, as I think its action upon the nerves more satisfactory. 

2. Nervous Headache, New Remedy for. — Salicylate of soda, 
10 grs., every 3 hours for an adult, followed next day in 5 to 8 gr. doses. If of 
long standing, continue 1 or 2 doses daily for a few days longer. Taken by 
dissolving in water. 

Remarks. — This was given in the Scientific American by a celebrated physi* 


cian who gave a case of a boy of 16 years, who had had nervous headache sev- 
eral days each week from the time he was 6 years old, entirely cured by this 
remedy, and at the time of the report he had been free from the disease sev- 
eral months. See next item also for other uses of this new remedy. 

TOWSILITIS — Salicylate of Soda for— Also as a Gargle in 
TJlcerated Cases. — Given in 10 gr. doses, every 2 to 4 hours, internally, and 
is also used as a gargle in ulcerated cases. Strength of gargle is not given; but 
I should say, 5 to 10 grs. to the oz. of water, according to the degree of ulcera- 

Remarks. — I certainly expect much from its use upon a fair trial, and say 
to all who need it, try it. 

Remedy.— Take what the homeopaths call the "third decimal trituration of 
mercurius" (quick-silver). [Quicksilver was named mercurius after the god 
Mercury; it is also known as hydrargyrum, from another god or deity, wor- 
shiped by the ancients. These deities were held in higher estimation by them, 
as compared with other deities, from the fact that mercury or quicksilver was 
held, long ago, to be a very important article or medicine in the treatment of 
diseases, as compared with other remedies. But my school of medicine (eclec- 
tic) generally claims and believes that it has been proven not only of little value 
but to have been one of the greatest curses to humanity that ever found a place 
in the annals or history of medicine. Of late, however, I am led to believe the 
harm to have arisen from its over-doses and abuse in giving it for everything 
rather than in the article itself. See my remarks following "Jaundice, Liver 
Complaint, etc."] Dose— The size of a wheat kernel, every half hour or hour, 
until cured, which will be in 2 or 3 days. 

Remarks. — Dr. Mason, in writing to me, said: " Doctor you know that I 
am not a homeopath, but I know, after having used the above in my practice as 
a dentist for over fifteen years for ulcerating teeth, that it is a good remedy. 
In the winter of 1878-79 I extracted some teeth for my wife; and, in common 
parlance, she took cold in the jaw. Although it was nearly 2 days after it com- 
menced aching before I prepared the remedy, the pain entirely ceased in less 
than 2 days from the time she began its use. But let no one put it off, as I did, 
through pressure of business — ' a stitch in time,' etc." 

In case no homeopath or druggist is near, who keeps this triturated prepa 
ration, see " Diphtheria, Sore Throat, etc.," (Dr. Mason's, or homeopathic rem 
edy), for the manner of trituration, use the quicksilver instead of the biniodide 
of mercury, as given in that case. 

1. VOMITING — Ejects a Dime from the Trachea.— Lorenzo 
Hubbard, M. D., reports a case to the Pacific Med. and Surg. Journal as follows: 

"Carpenter Simcs, a private in Company A, First U. S. Cavalry, while 
playing with a dime, by tossing it into his mouth, accidentally threw it far back 
into the pharynx, where, coming in contact with the ]wsterior nasal orifices, it 
excited a strong disposition to sneeze. The spasmodic inspiration which fol- 
lowed drew tlie piece through the glottis (the opening into the windpipe) into 
the trachea (windpipe), and subsequent inspirations lodged it at the point of the 


bifurcation of the right bronchus. By inflating the lungs, and then making a 
strong effort at expiration, the ' piece ' would rise into the trachea, but when it 
reached the glottis suffocation was so imminent he was forced to allow it to 
descend. When he first made his situation known to me, three hovlrs after the 
occurrence of the accident, he said he could feel the ' bit ' resting directly 
under the right nipple, and that the parts at this point had become quite sore. 

" While the piece was yet movable, and had not yet found a lodgement, I 
determined to try the experiment of vomiting, with the hope that in the spas- 
modic effort of retching and coughing it might be ejected. In this I was not 
disappointed, for in the very first effort it was thrown out to the distance of 
several feet, with considerable force. I also send you the ' bit ' with which 
this strange experiment was made, supposing that possibly the case might 
interest our society. " 

Remarks. — I have given this to show not only the danger of thus throwing 
pieces of money into the mouth, which I have often seen done, but also to say 
it is dangerous to allow small children to have small pieces of money to play 
with, for the mouth is about the first place they put it; but if a piece lodges in 
the throat, no time should be lost in trying one of the quick emetics found in 
"Accidental Poisoning." 

2. Vomiting and Watery Discharges, to Check in Cholera. 

— Black pepper, in powder, fine table salt, each 1 teaspoonf ul ; vinegar, 5 tea- 
spoonfuls; hot water, % tumbler. Dose — A table-spoonful every 5, 10 or 15 
minutes, as circumstances required, speedily checked vomiting, abated the 
watery discharges and removed the cramps. It succeeded in many cases where 
every other means had failed. 

Remarks. — This was during the Cincinnati cholera in 1849-50-51, when the 
eclectics saved hundreds of their patients in this disease, while other branches of 
the profession lost most of theirs. This is no fancy statement, simply for effect, 
but is susceptible of proof, and it was by simple common sense remedies, like 
this, that it was done. 

Sulphur, cream of tartar, nitre (saltpeter), and licorice root, equal parts of 
each, all finely pulverized, and put into just honey enough to mix like mush. 
Dose — One tea-spoonful i^ hour before eating, 3 times a day, for 3 days ; then 
cease 3 days, continuing until a cure is effected. But after the first 3 days, 3^ 
tea-spoonful doses will be as much as can be taken without making the bowels 
too loose. It may be made into pill form by using only honey enough to 
dampen. Dose — In this way 3 good sized pills, before each meal, as the other. 

Remarks. — This was communicated to me by a sister, at that time living in 
Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, from the fact that a young girl, a Miss Conner, had been 
cured by it, who had been under the doctors care for over a year, without ben- 
efit. Her breast and throat were covered with ulcers, deep and penetrating, so 
when pressed up on one side of the neck, matter would ooze out of the other 
side. Under these circumsfances, the girl's mother (the wife of a barber) paid 
$10 for this recipe, which cured the girl in a few weeks. At the time my sister 
sent me this recipe, six years after the cure, the girl had had no returning symp- 
toms of the disease. But the scars, my sister said, she would always carry. A 
child had also been cured by the use of the same, whose head was a solid scab 


at the time the treatment was commenced. My sister had obtained the recipe 
for the purpose of curing bleeding piles upon herself, which had reduced her 
strength very greatly by the loss of blood. And it was as successful with the 
piles as in the otlier cures. I have had no opportunity of using it except for 
rheumatism, which I have cured with it. I believe much good will be derived 
by its use whenever needed, as an alterative, for the value of sulphur and 
cream of tartar have been long known as alteratives in rheumatism. Why 
should not the combination prove valuable in scrofula? I have no doubt it has, 
and that it will continue to do so, most effectually. The licorice I look upon 
as merely to improve the taste. 

2. Scrofula, White Swelling, etc., Salve for.— Scrape sweet elder 
(inner bark), bitter-sweet (roots and twigs are used), and mullein leaves, each, a 
good handful; boil these, (the roots and twigs, being bruised,) in a little water; 
then put in half as much golden seal root, and stew all in two table-spoonfuls 
of freshl^r churned and unsalted butter, not level spoonfuls, but as you would 
take them up heaping, from rather soft butter, and an equal quantity of mut- 
ton tallow. Stew till the water is all out, and the mass crisped, or dry, but not 
burned; then strain, and put back into the skillet, and add half as much bees- 
wax, as of tallow and half as much pine pitch as of the beeswax. Direc- 
tions — For white swelling spread on a cloth, and apply; for scrofulous sores 
put on cotton, and put into the sores, or openings, if any, otherwise the same 
as for white swellings. 

Remarks. — I should apply this salve while taking No. 1, internally, as I 
think it will hasten recovery. It will be found valuable for all purposes, as 
an ointment, rather than a salve, if not made too stiff with the beeswax. As 
an ointment, use but very little beeswax. 

PLIABLE COLLODION— Or Artificial Skin— For Abrasions, 
Burns, Sores, etc. — A French journal gives us the following plan of mak- 
ing collodion pliable, for all purposes where water may come in contact with the 
spot, as upon the face, hands, lips, etc.: Collodion, 30 grammes; castor -oil and 
soft turpentine (Venice turpentine or pine pitch), each 50 centigrammes, mix. 

Remarks. — As a gramme is so nearly 15)4. grains (being actually 15 and 
334 of 1,000 parts of a grain, we call it 15}^ grains,) and as a centigramme 
is the 1-lOOth of a gramme, in the 50 centigrammes we get nearly 8 grains, 
hence we say: Collodion, 1 oz. ; and castor-oil and soft turpentine, each 8 grs. 
And thus we have the recipe Americanized, so that it can be filled understand- 
ingly by anyone, or druggist. Apply with a brush. It will be found 
quite satisfactory to apply upon any injured parts, scratch, bruise, etc., as by 
putting on two or three times, as the first coat dries, it forms an artificial skin 
over the sore. 

edy for. — Spirits of turpentine and sulphuric acid, each \i oz. ; olive oil, 1)^ 
oz. ; mix; shake and apply frequently. 

2. Spirits of Turpentine, 1 oz. ; ammonia, }4 oz., with as much 
camphor gum as this will dissolve, used as a liniment, will cure these hateful 


3. To Believe the intense itching; 2 or 3 bathings of the parts, warm- 
ing in before the fire, or strong alum water, gives rehef, 

4. An Ointment made by rubbing as much tincture of cantharides 
into any simple "cerate," as it will take up (any druggist will prepare a small 
box of it, for about 15 cts.). Bathe the feet in warm water, wipe and rub 
this on at bed-time. I cured a bad case of 6 years standing, in 3 or 3 applications, 
and afterwards cured several other cases. 

5. Frost Bites, Remedies for. — The Lansing (Mich.,) Republican 
recently gave the following, as to the management and cure of frost bites. It 
says: " Extract the frost by the application of ice-water till the part is pliable, 
but let no artificial heat touch it; then apply a salve made of equal parts of 
hog's lard and gunpowder, rubbed together until it forms a paste, and in les3 
than 24 hours the frozen parts will be well." 

6. Chilblains, Warranted Cure for.— Olive oil, spirits of turpen- 
tine, aqua ammonia, and oil of peppermint, each, J^ oz. Mix, and anoint night 
and morning. Is warranted to cure every case. This was given me on 
"experience," also. 


There are seldom found but three varieties of worms in the human 

I. The principal, or most common one, is the long, round worm, found in 
the small intestines. 

II. The second variety is the small, round, or pin-worm, so called because 
scarcely ever longer or larger than a pin. These are chiefly found in the 
rectum, and known to be there from an intolerable itching. 

III. The last, or third variety, is the tape-worm, called by physicians 
tcBnia solium (from icsnia, tape, and solus, alone); for, as a general thing, there is 
only one of them found to annoy the patient. The remedies for them, I shall 
give in the order in which I have mentioned them. First: 

1, The Long, Round Worm. — Pink and senna were the old " stand- 
by," for the common long worm, followed by a cathartic ; but the following 
combination is better, as it has the cathartic in combination, and as the good 
old saying is, " kills two birds with one stone." 

Pink root and Senna, each i^ oz. ; cream of tartar, 1 dr. (1 tea-spoonful); 
pulverized jalap, ^ dr. ; cardamon seeds, 1 dr. ; and ext. of licorice, or pow- 
dered licorice-root, J^ oz. Mix, and pour on J^ pt. of boiling water and steep 
y^ to 1 hour; and, according to the age of the child, give 1 to 2 table-spoonfuls 
every hour until the worms are expelled, or a brisk action of the bowels is 
obtained. Repeat every day or two, until you are satisfied there are no more 
worms present, or see that they have been expelled, as it does not always, but 
generally, expels them on the first trial. 

2. The Eclectic Vermifuge — The Latest and Least Dis- 
tasteful. — Santonin, 30 grs. ; white sugar, 50 grs. Derections — Rub together 


evenly, and divide into 10 powders. Dose — ©ive 1 powder an hour before 
supper aud 1 at bed-time; next day 1 powder before each meal and at bed-time, 
and the following day the same, which uses up aU the powders. Next morning 
take an active cathartic, to carry off the worms. 

Remarks. — I recently took this remedy in just this way, realizing that I, at 
nearly 68 years of age, had them. For the cathartic I took 2 blue papers of 
seidlitz powders and 1 white paper, to be sure and get quick and thorough 
action. It did act quickly, and brought them away. I have enjoyed better 
health since. 

3. Worms, Allopathic Vermifuge for.— Santonin and white sugar 
(or sugar of milk), each 10 grs.; calomel and ipecac, each 1 gr. Directions — 
Bub the two first well together; then rub in the two last, and divide into 10 
powders. Dose — For child, 1 powder, night and morning, till all are talien; 
then an active cathartic, unless the worms pass off freely by this time. I should 
give a cathartic of cream of tartar, or some mild one, at any rate. This is 
the favorite, of an old friend of mine, of the allopathic school. 

4. Vermifuge or Vermicide— Extraordinary.— Dr. A. S. Sweet, 
of Southhold, L. I., informs the readers of the Brief ih.3X he gave Mrs. C. the 
following mixture as a vermifuge: Santonin, 16 grs.; fl. ex. of pink, 160 drops; 
simple syrup, 2 ozs. ; mix. Dose — A tea-spoonful morning and night. She 
gave it about equally between 4 children of her own and 1 of a neighbor's. 
The result was the expulsion of 67 worms. As having a possible bearing upon 
the question whether worms cause any special symptoms by their presence in 
the intestines. Dr. Sweet says that the child for which the vermifuge was par- 
ticularly desired had, previous to taking it, several attacks of convulsions. 
They ceased with the expulsion of the worms. 

Remarks. — Any person of common sense would eay the worms caused the 
convulsions, else their removal would not have stopped them. Dr. Sweet says 
nothing about giving any cathartic; but as the Brief is taken only by physicians, 
he leaves it to their judgment to direct it. I would say, give an active cathartic 
on the third or fourth day, whether any worms have passed or not. In all 
cases, after expulsion of worms, give a tonic to build up and strengthen the 
general system, which will also strengthen the bowels, and thereby make it less 
liable for another "crop" of worms. For, as a general thing, it is only the 
weakly children who are troubled with worms, although sometimes adults havo 
them, as in my own case. 

5. Pin Worms, Remedy. — A ' ' Mrs . C. " made inquiry in the Toledo, 
O., Blade, for a remedy for jnn-worms, receiving the following answers: A 
Mrs. "A. P. A." (a pity that so many writers are ashamed of their names), 
says: If "Mrs. C." will give the child a tea made of common spearmint, botlj 
using it as a drink and as an injection, I am confident it will suffer no more 
from pin-worms, as I have known a very bad case, of long standing to be cured by 
this remedy, when many others had been tried without success. If one tria] 
does not cure, repeat, as the remedy is harmless. 

Remarks. — The spearmint is safe, and quite a diuretic, with its other valu* 
able properties. 


6. A "Subscriber, of Rochester, O., gave the following answer: Tell 
"Mrs. C." to use the following, which I have used, in a great many cases, 
without failure: Carolina pink root, senna, American worm seed and manna, 
each % oz. ; steep for 1 hour in water, \% pts. Dose — 1 gill (about 8 table- 
spoonfuls), once a day, in one-half as much new milk, well sweetened There 
is no " ifs " or " buts " about this, it will cure. I cured myself after having con- 
vulsions for over three years, and being given up by doctors; and since then it 
has cured many of my neighbors. 

Remarks. — This writer says nothing about injecting it; but there would be 
no impropriety or danger in doing so, as it is for pin-worms, which mostly 
infest the rectum, and for which injections are the most effe^jtual. The injec- 
tion should be kept in place as long as it can be borne, by holding a wad of 
cloth to prevent its voluntary escape, or discharge. This preparation, however, 
is very appropriate for the long round worm, and the author is of the opinion 
that it was for that, and not pin-worm, that this writer gave it. 

7. Pin- Worms. — A solution made by soaking rasped quassia, 3^ oz.,[ia 
cold water, 1 pt., for 13 hours, then straining, for the purpose of injection, is 
very effectual to remove pin-worms. A solution of aloes, J^ oz., with carbon- 
ate of potash, 15 grs., in i^ pt. of decoction, or tea, of barley, dissolved by 
rubbing together, for an injection ; or an injection of simple sweet oil, says Dr. 
Warren, of Boston, are very effectual in removing pin-worms. Lime water 
(which see how to make) is also frequently used as an injection for the removal 
of pin-worms. 

8. Tape Worm, Dr. TurnbuU's Successful Remedy.— Dr. R. 
J. Turnbull, of Duncansley, Miss., in a recent issue of the Medical and Sur* 
gical Reporter, says: I notice a request for a recipe for tape worm. The fol- 
lowing prescription proved most efficacious with me in the treatment of a 
patient who suffered for more than 3 years with tape worm. Bark of the pom- 
egranate root, % oz. ; peeled pumpkin seed, 3^ dr. ; ethereal ex. of male-fern 
(an extract made with ether), 1 dr.; powdered ergot, J^ dr.; powdered gum 
arable, 2 drs. ; croton oil, 3 drops. Directions — The pomegranate root and 
pumpkin seed must be thoroughly bruised, and, with the ergot, boiled in 8 ozs, 
of water, for 15 minutes (the author would saynot less than 30 minutes), then 
strain through coarse cloth. The croton oil must be rubbed up with the gum 
arabic and extract of male-fern, and then formed into an emulsion (by rubbing 
or thoroughly stirring), with the decoction. This is the prescription of Dr. A. 
J. Schafish, of Washington, D. C, who employs no preliminary provision, 
except forbidding the patient to take only breakfast the day on which it is 
intended to remove the worm, and give a large dose of Rochelle salts the night 
before. No unpleasant effects follow this remedy. — Brief 

Remarks. — The author would say, if the croton oil does not cause a passage 
in 3 hours at most after taking the mixture, give 2 blue and 1 white 
paper of seidlitz powder to get thorough action from the bowels. 

9. Dr. Currie, of Lebanon, N. H., gives an account in the Brief of 
removing a tape-worm from a girl 16 years old, by the simple articles of pump- 



kin seed, 1 oz. ; white sugar, ^ oz. ; the seed pounded fine, and mixed with the 
sugar. Dose — A tea-spoonful of the mixture every 2 hours, till all was taken: 
following the last dose with castor oil and spirits of turpentine. The next 
morning I was presented with the worm entire, 7 meters long. 

Remarks. — A meter is a little less than 393^ inches, or a total length of worm 
equal to 23 feet, at least. They have been expelled from 60 to 100 feet in 
length. The proper dose of castor oil for a girl of 16 would be 1 table-spoonful, 
with the spirits of turpentine, 1 tea-spoonful, mixed; and to avoid nausea or its 
disagreeable taste, add a few drops of oil of cinnamon. Repeat the dose in 2 or 3 
hours, unless a free passage is obtained before this time. Unless the worm put 
in an appearance, I would repeat the whole on the third day, at farthest; the 
second, unless the stomach was considerably disturbed, would be better. More 
or less, according to the age and robustness of the person, may be given. 

10. Otlier Remedies. — Dr. Bennett says: " Of all the vermifuge 
remedies proposed for the expulsion of tape-worms, I have found ethereal ex. of 
male-fern the most effectual." (See Dr. Turnbull's remedy above.) 

Dr. Caldwell, Baltimore, Md., claims that the Dundas, Dick & Co.'s cap- 
sules of male-fern and kamala, produced with a patient of his, the happy result 
of expelling a monster of some 31 feet in length, after taking 6 capsules accord- 
ing to printed directions accompanying them ; also relieving a cough, vomiting, 
and all other unpleasant symptoms attending its presence. 

11. Tape- Worm— The Latest, Most Easily Taken, and Most 
Successful Remedy for. — There has been quite a stir made recently by 
two or three traveling physicians with the French chemist Tauret's "pellltier- 
ine," in removing tape-worms. I have seen several that have been removed 
here within a few months. I had known that one physician was using it here 
with success before, but not being of the talkative kind, very little was said 
about it. With this introduction, I will say: Tauret's " pelletierine " is put up 
in bottles containing one dose only, and retails at about $3 per bottle. Its action 
is to numb the worm, causing more or less giddiness, according to the nervous- 
ness of the patient. This soon passes off by the patient laying down and keep- 
ing quiet. It is perfectly safe, and but slight preparation is necessary to take it. 
Doze — One bottle being a full doze for a man, delicate females and youths 
of about 15 years would take only two-thirds; children of 10 or 12, one-half, 
and of 4 to 8 years, only one-third of a bottle. Directions — The day before 
it is to be taken, take a laxative or gentle cathartic, or a copious injection ; and, 
for supper, eat only a milk diet. In the morning take half a glass of water on 
an empty stomach; then, five minutes after, take the pellfitierine, and, immedi- 
ately after, half a glass more of water, slightly sweetened. Three-fourths of an 
hour after take a dose of comp. tinct. of jalap; or infusion of senna (made by 
steeping J>^ oz.), sweetened with syrup of orange-peel. If in a few hours there 
are no stools, take a purgative injection or repeat the purgative medicine. The 
giddiness will come on in about 15 minutes after taking the pelletierine, and the 
worms ought to be expelled in 2 to 4 hours. I have seen one passed in IJ^ hrs. 
from the taking of the remedy. It is important to remember, say the instruc- 
tions scut out, that the purgative must act rapidly. Don't stay in bed any 


longer than the giddiness lasts; then move about, to help the action of the med- 
icines. I have taken these instructions from a pamphlet sent out by E. Fougera 
& Co., 30 Nortli William st, New York, who supply the article if your drug- 
gist has not got it. This is not an advertisement for them, but to help any one 
to obtain it who needs it. They do not know that I have mentioned them even; 
but, knowing its value, I have given it, to save those needing it from paying 
$10 to $50, as these tramping doctors charge for their removal. The pellfitier- 
ine is made from pomegranate bark, which has been the main dependence for 
removing tape worms; but as it had to be made in the form of an infusion and 
taken in large doses of a 3^ pt. or more, often causing sickness of the stomach, 
this new preparation is as great a boone as quinine was over having to take the 
Peruvian bark in powder, as formerly ; and as the pellStierine has proved very 
successful, it will, undoubtedly be but a short time till our druggists will keep 
it, and it will enter into general use. Speaking of its success, I will mention a 
few cases, only to show the estimation it is held in. 

Professor LahoulbSne gives 19 successes in 19 trials. Dujardin-Beametz, 
member of the Academy of Medicine, France, succeeded 37 times in 39 trials. 
Dr. Ed. Mount, of Montreal, had 4 successes out of 4 trials; one of the cases 
had been troubled with tape worm for 26 years. Dr. H. Wilfert, of the Cin- 
cinnati Academy succeeded also in every case. 

I will mention only one case more, the worm I spoke of being removed, 
in one hour and a half, in the foregoing. The medicine was administered- y a 
boy of less than 20 years, who had been with a doctor for a short time only, and 
learned what was used. The man was a butcher, and was well pleased to be 
rid of his tormentor. 

Remarks. — Certainly, with the foregoing list of remedies to select from, no 
one should long be permitted to suffer the presence of either variety of worms, 
unless it should be thought worth while to keep " His Majesty " (the tape worm) 
in a bottle of alcohol, as a trophy of success in his removal. 

1. DYSPEPTICS— Bad Cases Put Upon the Right Tack.— 

A writer in the Medical Journal, discoursing upon dyspepsia, says: " We have 
seen dyspeptics who suffered untold torments with almost every kind of food. 
Bread became a burning acid. Meat and milk were solid and liquid fires. We 
have seen these same sufferers tr3ing to avoid food and drink, and even going 
to the enema (syringe) for sustenance. And we have seen the tc-.-ments pass 
away and their hunger relieved by living upon the white of eggs, which have 
been boiled in bubbling water for thirty minutes. At the end of a week, we 
have given the hard yolk of the egg with the white, and upon this diet alone, 
without fluid of any kind, we have seen them begin to gain flesh and strength, 
and refreshing sleep. After weeks of this treatment they have been able, with 
great care, to begin upon other food; and all this, the writer adds, without 
taking medicine. He says that hard boiled eggs are not half so bad as half 
boiled ones, and ten times as easy to digest as raw eggs, even in egg-nog." 

2. Voltaire's Pood for Indigestion, or Dyspepsia.— In the 
memoirs of Count de S^gur (Vol. 1, page 168) there is the following anecdote: 
My mother (the Countess de Segur) being asked by Voltaire respecting her 


health, told him that the most painful feeling she had arose from the deca^^ of 
her stomach, and the difticulty of finding any kind of aliment (food) that it 
could bear. Voltaire, by way of conversation, assured her that he was once 
nearly a year in the same state, and believed to be incurable; but that, never- 
theless, a very simple remedy had restored him. It consisted in taking no other 
nourishment than the yolks of eggs, beaten up with flour of potatoes and water. 
Though this circumstance took place as far back as about 48 years ago, 
and respecting so extraordinary a personage as Voltaire, it is astonish- 
ing how little it is known, and how rarely the remedy is practiced. Its 
efficacy, however, in cases of debility, cannot be questioned; and the 
following is the mode of preparing this valuable article of food, as 
recommended by Sir John Sinclair. Recipe — Beat up an egg in a bowl, and 
then add 6 table-spoonfuls of cold water, mixing the whole well together; thea 
add 2 table-spoonfuls of the farina (flour of) potatoes, or mashed potatoes (f 
have used the mashed potatoes), mixing it with the liquor in the bowl; thea 
pour in as much boiling water as will convert the whole into a jelly (like starch), 
and mix it well. [The author thinks it best to boil it a little, after pouring oa 
the water.] It may be taken either alone, or with the addition of a little milk 
sweetened with sugar, not only for breakfast, but in cases of great debility 
of the stomach, or in consumptive disorders, at other meals. This dish, or 
food, is light, easily digested, and extremely wholesome and nourishing. Bread 
or biscuit should be taken with it, as the stomach gets stronger. — Beach's Fam- 
ily Practice. 

Remarks. — I have recommended this food for several weak patients, with 
entire satisfaction; but I would say no bread, nor biscuit, should ever be eatea 
by a dyspeptic, or any person in a weak or debilitated condition of the system, 
from sickness, or naturally of feeble digestive powers, until at least the next 
day after the baking. I will only add, that in extremely weak patients, this, if 
relished, may constitute the entire nourishment taken for days, or weeks, 
according to the necessity of the case. But when one tires of this, some of the 
beef teas, essences, "^oups, porridges, as given under these heads in this work, 
or the oatmeal gruel for invalids, or delicate children, may be used to vary 
the food for the sick. 

The two following dishes are given by Dr. Beach, in connection with the 
above food, as valuable for dyspepsia: 

3. Dyspepsia, Liquid Food for. — Take fresh, lean beef, cut thin, 
1 lb. Put it into a large-mouthed bottle or jar: add a little salt; place the bottle 
in a kettle of boiling water, and let it boil 1 hour; then strain through a woolen 
cloth. (It seems to the author that a stout piece of muslin is just as good.) 
There will be about 1 gill (4 ozs.) of clear, nutritious liquid. Begin by taking 
1 tea-spoonful, and increase the quantity as the stomach will bear. This has 
been retained on the stomach when nothing else could. It cured an old captain 
when nearly gone with dyspepsia. 

4. Dyspeptics, Excellent Food for.— Take a piece of stale wheat 
bread and a little white sugar, and cover with boiling water; then cover with a. 


plate for a short time ; add cream or good milk. This dish rests easy on the 
stomach, and is very pleasant. 

Remarks. — This, of course, is not understood to be toasted, but in its simple 
state — to toast bread makes it much the nature of freshly baked, which is not 
good for the healthy, and especially bad for dyspeptics or the debilitated from 
any disease or cause whatever. 

5. Dyspepsia and Weak Stomach, The Value of Milk and 
Lime-Water for. — Milk and lime-water are now frequently prescribed by 
physicians in cases of dyspepsia and weakness of the stomach, and in some 
cases are said to prove very beneficial. Many persons who think good bread 
and milk a luxury, frequently hesitate to eat it, for the reason that the milk will 
not digest readily; sourness of the stomach will often follow. But experience 
proves that lime-water and milk are not only food and medicine, at an early 
period of life, but also at a later, when, as in the case of infants, the functions 
-of digestion and assimilation have been seriously impaired. A stomach taxed 
by gluttony, irritated by improper food, inflamed by alcohol, enfeebled by dis- 
ease, or otherwise unfitted for its duties — as is shown by various symptoms 
attendant upon indigestion, dyspepsia, diarrhea, dysentery and fever — will 
Tesume its work, and do it energetically, on an exclusive diet of bread and milk 
and lime-water. A goblet of cow's milk may have 3 to, 4 table-spoonfuls of 
lime-water added to it with good effect. 

These ideas are fully endorsed by Dr. E. N. Chapman, who presented the 
following valuable notes on the use of milk and lime-water for invalids, to the 
Medical Society of the State of New York. He says: " I have used milk and 
lime-water for years as a diet with my patients with great success, particularly in 
cases involving nerve centres, that are acknowledged to be little under the 
■command of the accepted modes of treatment, such, for instance, as marasmus 
<a wasting of flesh), anemia (debility from poor blood), paralysis, indigestion, 
neuralgia, cholera, dementia (insanity), and alcoholism. Also in cases where 
the nutritive functions are at fault, milk with a pinch of salt, being rendered 
very acceptable to the stomach by the iime, is the most digestible and nourish- 
ing food that can be given. It allays gastric (stomach) and intestinal irritability, 
offers a duly prepared chyle to the absorbents, supplies the blood with all the 
elements of nutrition, institutes healthy tisspe changes, stimulates the secreting 
and excreting glands, and, in a word, provides nature with tlae material to sus- 
tain herself in her contest with disease. * * * Milk, acted on with lime- 
water, has a range of application almost as extensive as disease itself, whatever 
Its character and whoever the patient." 

Remarks. — I trust that enough has now been said to satisfy everybody of 
the value of milk in disease, and Twill add that I know it to be equally valuable 
as a regular family diet. 

6. Dyspeptic Invalids or Weakly Children, Oatmeal Gruel 
for. — A Mrs. " H. K.", of Evanston, "Wyoming Territory, in writing to the 
Blade, upon what Mrs. Jane F. Hollingsworth said of strained oatmeal gniel for 
invalids, gives her own expeinence with it for children. She say.s: 


" Nothing is better for either invalids or young children. Let me give mjr 
experience. Our baby was delicate; cow's milk did not agree with her while 
nursing; I began feeding her corn starch and oatmeal gruel, and now a heartier, 
happier and fatter baby than ours you will seldom see, and oatmeal gruel is her 
daily food. 

" I take 2 table-spoonsful of oatmeal and pour on a pint, or a little more, 
of boiling water; let boil until thick enough for jelly, then I strain it throughc 
a little sieve, add 1 tea-spoonful of sugar and 3 of cream to a coffee cup ol 
gruel, and it is a dish fit for a king. 

" For very young children or very weak invalids of a dyspeptic character, 
make thinner with water while boiling, or with cold milk, after done boiling. '*■- 

7. Food for Dyspeptic, or Weakly Babes. — Boil slowly, for 
2J^ hours, }4, cup of oatmeal, in 1 qt. of water, with a very little salt, the dish 
being covered to prevent evaporation; then strain. A double, or rice kettle- 
(which see) is just the thing to avoid burning. When cold, to J^ pt. of this- 
gruel, or food, add an equal quantity of thin cream, and 2 tea-spoonfuls of 
white sugar; then, to this mixture, add 1 pt. of boiling water, and when cool 
enough it is ready for use, and will set easy on the stomach, when milk and 
all other food cannot be digested by a feeble or weak babe, unless aided by the 
use of lime-water, as above. 

8. Drinks for Small Children Having Dyspeptic or Diar- 
rheal Tendency. — Rice-water, barley-water, oatmeal-water, made by boil- 
ing a single handful of either of these to 1 qt. of water, with lemon and sugar, 
should be ready in every house where there are children. These drinks are surely 
better than cold tea, which is often given. However, milk is considered better 
than anything, when it is sweet and pure, and given in only small quantities at 
any one time, with lime-water. 

9. Dyspeptics, Healthy Pood for.— It is a well known fact that 
meats are much more needed in winter than in the heat of summer, and the 
following, written by a well known physician (Dr. Hunt, of New Jersey), 
explains the whole matter so fully, I will give it a place. Dr. Hunt, the editor 
of the Newark (N. J.) Advertiser, wholly regardless of the loss of his fellow- 
practitioners, by " a fearful state of healthf ulness " in that vicinity, and hon- 
est as he is skillful in his professional work, gives this advice for the summer 

" FVuits and vegetables, with an abundance of good milk and bread, should 
be the main substantials and not the mere side dishes of the table. There are 
too many who simply add what the summer brings to their usual bill of fare. 
They still indulge in heavy meats and stimulating condiments, adding some 
badly cooked vegetables, and finishing witli the usual flatulent pastry, or may- 
hap a few berries; but this is an injustice both to the system and to the Provi- 
dence whose blessings are showered upon us in such prodigal profusion. Meat 
should now become the side dish; gravies, stews and condiments should be 
utterly abandoned; and the system should be toned and purified by the tonic of 
the field and garden. Milk is better than medicine, and tlie entire pharmaco- 
poeia contains nothing equal to what now comes to us from the true laboratory 
— comes to us not only with healing wing, but with a flavor for the palate 
which all the French cooks in Paris could not imitate. And the offerings arrive 


with such glorious progressiveness! First comes the strawberry, like a blush 
on the cheek of Mother Earth; then the berries and vegetables of more vigor- 
ous growth; then the stately, luscious melon, the charm and glory of the break- 
fast-table; then corn, which is meat in nutrition; with the juicy apple, the 
pride of prince and peasant. Then we come to the pear and to the orchard — 

Where peaches grow with sunny dyes. 
Like maiden's cheeks when blushes rise, 
Where huge figs the branches bend, 
Where clusters from the vine distend. 

There is the feast which nature spreads. Let every man say grace in his heart, 
and partake of it thankfully." 

10. Gaseous Dyspepsia, Simple but Effectual Remedy. — 

Where gas distends the stomach, or bloats the bowels, taking 15 to 20 drops 
of chloroform in a little syrup, after eating, will expel the gas, and stop the fer- 
mentation in a few minutes. 

Remarks. — Chloroform is well known to be a very diffusive stimulant, and 
hence this action of it might be expected. It is easily tried and may prove as 
effectual as it is claimed to be. (See the closing remarks on pimples, bad and 
of long standing, etc., for the use of animal charcoal, with sugar, before 
meals, also of soda after meals, for this gaseous condition of the stomach.) 

11. Dyspepsia, or Indigestion, Very Valuable Treatment 
Cfc — I am now using a very valuable medicine, or combination, on a case 
where the indigestion was very bad, so much so, it might be considered real 
dyspepsia; but the treatment allayed the distress so promptly, and helped, or 
enabled the food to digest, so effectually that I will give the recipe. First I 
used the following fluid preparation 

I. Solution for Dyspepsia. — Pepsin in crystals, 30 grs. ; glycerine, 1 oz. ; 
concentrated lactic acid, J^ oz.; distilled, or soft water, 4 ozs. ; mix. Dose^ 
A tea-spoonful in 3 or 4 tea-apoonfuls of water, immediately after each meal. 

Remarks.— After a week or two, as the case may improve, less, and still 
less, may be used, say J^ tea-spckonful only, till finally cured. And in case 
there is a diarrheal tendency, or any inflammatory condition of any part of the 
system, in which the lactic acid is not good, take the following powder, in place 
of the solution, as abova 

12. Bowder fbr Dyspepsia, Diarrhea, etc.— Sub-carbonate of 
bismuth, 200 grs. ;Scbeffer's,or other good pepsin, 100 grs. Mix thoroughly, 
and make into 20 powders. Dose— Take 1 powder in a little molasses and 
water, half-and-half, immediately after each meal, the same as the solution; 
and after some time, or suitable improvement has been made, divide a powder 
for 2 doses, as long as needed 

Remarks. — This will meet very bad cases of either disease, and prove, 
generally, all that can be desired. See the use of bismuth with Dover's 
powders, in looseness of the bowels, from teething — where it is effectual, although 
the cause, in the case of teetliing is continued for several months, or as long as 
the teething continues. It holds the fort, however, notwithstanding tliis con- 


tinuance of the cause, so it will with the pepsin here as well as in the other case. 
But whether the solution or the powder is being used, if there is heat and au 
uneasy or distressed condition of the stomach, it is an evidence that the hot 
water, given next below, is called for, and will prove valuable. 

13. Hot Water for Dyspepsia. — The following item is from the 
Eartford Courant, which I have since proven to be very valuable. By using 
the hot water an hour before each meal, instead of only at breakfast. The 
Courant sajs: "A gentleman who is in business in this city has cured him- 
self of a chronic and ugly form of dyspepsia in a very simple way. He 
was given up to die; but he finally abandoned alike the doctors and the drugs, 
and resorted to a method of treatment which most doctors and most persons 
would laugh at as an ' old woman's remedy.' It was simply swallowing a tea- 
cupful of hot water before breakfast every morning. He took the water from 
the cook's tea-kettle, and so hot that he could only take it by the spoonful. For 
about three weeks this morning dose was repeated, the dyspepsia decreasing all 
the while. At the end of that time he could eat, he says, any breakfast or dinner 
that any well person could eat — had gained in weight, and has ever since been 
hearty and well. His weight is now between 30 and 40 pounds greater tlian it 
was during the dyspepsia sufferings; and for several years he has had no trouble 
with his stomach — unless it was some temporary inconvenience due to a late 
supper or dining out, and in such a case a single trial of his ante-break fast remedy 
was sure to set all things right. He obtained his idea from a German doctor, 
and in turn recommended it to others — and in every case, according to this 
gentleman's account, a cure was effected. " 

Remarks. — After seeing the above item in the Courant I have had occasion 
to use the hot water personally, and to direct it for others; and I have found it 
satisfactory, if taken faithfully before each meal, instead of only at breakfast. I 
also find that heating it in summer to about 140 degrees and in winter to 145 degrees 
F., is about the right degree of heat. I heat it over a small coal'oil stove, in a pint 
tin cup, about % full, which I find about the right amount to be taken at one 
time. It can be heated in a tea-kettle and poured into a cup or bowl ; but it is 
well to have a thermometer to know just what the heat is. A tea-spoonful of 
sugar makes it pleasant for me, but a bit of lemon juice might suit some better. 
It must be followed for several months, in long standing cases, to prove of last- 
ing benefit, eating only easily digested food, and nothing that disagrees with 
the stomach. The sipping of the hot water has this advantage also, it allays 
the great thirst of dyspeptic patients, as well as the heat and distress in the 
stomach, better than anything else I know of, contracting the lax and flabby 
condition of the muscular coating of the stomach, giving tone and strength to 
this organ, which immediately diffuses itself to the whole system. Take the 
hot water before each meal and at bed-time as long as you have any considerable 
thirst. Be careful, also, not to eat too much, and only at meal times, 
and a cure must be the result. (See also Hot Water Cure for Consumption.) 

APPETITE— To Increase or Restore.— Obtain valerian root, }4 
or J^ lb. Have it ground coarsely, or well bruised. Make a tea of it by steep- 


ing a rounding table-spoonful of the powder in water 1 pt. Dose — One to 3 
table-spoonfuls just before meals, and half to a wine-glassful at bed-time. 

Remarks. — This plant is known as the Amsrican Greek-valerian, abscess 
root, blue bells (from its blue flowers), sweat root, Jacob's ladder, etc. The 
Latin, or technical, name is polemonium reptans. It grows in the northern 
states, and was a great favorite with the Indians, the tea being given freely in 
fevers, pleurisy, and to produce copious perspiration. It is claimed also to 
cleanse the blood, and to have cured many cases of consumption. 

Throat, Sore Chest, Kidney DifBLeulties, "Wounds, etc.— Rosin, 
10 lbs. ; spirits of turpentine, 1 gal.; or, rosin, 23^ ozs. ; turpentine, 2 ozs., is 
the same proportion. Directions — Melt the rosin in a suitable kettle, or pan, 
over a stove, in the day time, so that it shall not be necessary to have a lamp, 
or candle, near; and when not too hot put in the turpentine, gradually. It 
must not be made over an open fire, as the gas arising from it as the turpen- 
tine is put in takes fire very readily, and would quickly fill a whole room with 
its blaze, and perhaps fire the house; hence I have given these necessary pre- 
cautions. Bottle while moderately hot, else it will run too slowly. Dose — For 
a grown person, take from 5 to 10 drops on sugar; children, 1 or 2, to 5 drops, 
night and morning. 

Remarks. — I obtained this recipe of L. S. Robinson, of Jackson, Mich., 
who says he has made and sold thousands of dollars worth of it, claiming that 
it is the original Peckham's balsam, and that all additional articles put in 
and claimed to be an improvement, should not be used. With this balsam Mr. 
Robinson claims he has made some remarkable cures in the diseases mentioned, 
both internal and external, and mentions the following cases. 

I. A mare of liis own, being in a strange pasture with some cows, 
"was badly hooked one night. The wound was long, deep and jagged, upon 
the side ; but he put some of this balsam into every part of the wound, then 
sewed it up, except a little opening at the lowest point of the wound, to allow 
the matter in healing to drain off. Then drove home, 30 miles, the same day, 
and the wound made a very rapid healing. 

II. A remarkable case, that of a lady who had had several miscarriages, 
and feared another, there being an inflammation of the parts, and also of the 
neck of the bladder; but 5 to 8 drop doses, night and morning, of this balsam, 
cured both difiiculties; the lady, upon a subsequent trip he was making over 
that route, showing him the babe, healthy and well, and herself the same, tell- 
ing him, "There, doctor, that is your child, you saved it; nothing else was 

III. A gentleman who had recently buried a wife from consumption, and 
"Who considered himself past help, with the same disease, when Mr. Robinson 
first made his acquaintance. But with this balsam internally, and Cook's 
electro-magnetic liniment, externally, he was entirely cured, and is still alive, 
at this writing, hale and hearty, living with a second wife, some 30 years 
after the cure. 


for.. — A correspondent of the New York Evening Post gives the following 
novel item to that journal. He says: 

"About 20 years ago, a daughter of mine — then about 6 years old — was 
given up to die by the family physician, who said that she had Bright's Disease 
of the Kidneys, and that it was incurable, and never known to be cured either 
in Europe or America. The physician, on giving the case up, told my wife to 
give the child anything that she wanted, and to make her as comfortable as 
possible while she lived. The child constantly called for beans; so my wife 
cooked some as quickly as possible, not stopping to parboil them, as is usually 
done, but boiled beans, pork and potatoes together, in the first water, and when 
well cooked she gave them to the child to eat. The child then went to sleep 
and from that time began to improve. She is now the mother of two children. 
She is not troubled with the disease unless she takes a severe cold, and when 
that happens she at once uses her old remedy, and it is always effectual. 

Remarks. There is nothing said here about continuing to eat the beans; 
but I take it for granted that this was, and should be done in all cases; and tell 
me, pray! why beans should not have this power as well as any drug? And 
it is admitted, as this writer says, that it is seldom, or never known to be cured. 
Let this remedy, therefore, have more than a fair trial by a long continued use. 
Beans are certainly a healthy and agreeable food for a general diet. But if 
used especially for kidney difficulties keep all their virtues by not changing the 
water. Beans over a year old are liable to become musty as well as doubly 
hard, and unfit for this, or any other use. 

2. Bright's Disease— Sixteen out of Nineteen Cases in a 
London Hospital Cured. — Notwithstanding the statement in the item 
above, that Brights disease was never to be cured in Europe or America, still 
some years ago a London (Eng.) physician reported in the London Lancet, the 
cure of 16 out of 19 cases, in the Hospital, by the use of 15 gr. doses of pow 
dered valerian, 3 or four times a day, with supporting diet. Now the fl. ex. 
would be used, in ^ to 1 teaspoon doses, with the same effect; but I am not 
aware of its having been used by others. But if one has the difficulty it had 
better be tried, and may, with the beans, as above, cure more than without 

QUINSY.— A New and Successful Eemedy for.— A Dr. Gine, 
Professor of Clinical Surgery, at Madrid, Spain, reports through the La Presse 
Med. Beige, July 17, 1881, the bicarbonate of soda (the common baking soda, 
the best, however is the English bicarbonate, kept by druggists) applied to the 
tonsils in fine powder in Quinsy, repeating frequently, is of inestimable effi- 
cacy, he having cured dozens of cases — in no case without benefit, and, usually 
a cure in 24 hours ; and in no case when he had used it had he found it neces- 
sary to remove the tonsils. 

Directions for Application. It may be applied by rolling a bit of 
paper of suitable length into cylindrical form, then putting the end into a fine 
powder of the soda, to get a suitable amount into the hollow, the size of an 
ordinary goose quill and blowing it upon the tonsils; or applying it by wetting 
the finger, then putting the finger into the powder, then upon the tonsils. 

Remarks. I have had no opportunity for trying it for this purpose, but I 


have proved its value as a gargle in " Sore Throat, — which see. See also its 
value in " Burns, Scalds, etc." See, also, "Inflammation of the Tonsils following 
Sick Headache, " where the latter remedy — the salicylate of soda — is used as a 
satisfactory cure in both these diseases, as inflammation of the tonsils is only 
another name for quinsy. 

1. EYE- WATERS. —Sulphate of zinc, and fine table salt, each4 grs. ; 
sugar of lead, 2 grs. ; morphine, 5 grs. ; loaf sugar, 10 grs. ; distilled or rain 
water, 4ozs. ; mix and keep corked. Directions — Drop 1 or 2 drops in the 
eye morning and evening, else apply with the finger between the lids which 
Is the most common way. Best done when laying down. It can be done very 
well by holding the head back. 

Remarks. — This will be found a very valuable eye-water In all cases of 
weakness, or slight inflammation of the eye. It may be applied tnree or four 
times a day, if needed so often. It is well to shake it two or ihtee times a day 
at first, for a week or ten days, then allow to settle, and strain. If this causes 
too much smarting in bad cases, reduce some of it with morb r«in water, so it 
shall not smart more than five minutes at most. 

2. Eye-Water for very Sore Eyes or Catarrhal Ophthalmia. 

— Tincts. of aconite, and veratrum viride, each 10 drops; acetate of lead, 5 grs.; 
morphine, 3 grs.; water, as in No. 1, 4 ozs. Directions— Open the lids and 
put in freely. 

Remarks. — I. It is claimed by physicians that this has cured very bad 
cases. These very bad cases are generally the result of an acute inflammation 
of the eyes which, instead of having been cured, have degenerated into a 
chronic or long standing condition, with considerable watering of the eyes, and 
also, especially in the mornings, a thick matter is found in them, all for the 
want of proper treatment, else a scrofulous condition of the system. In all these 
cases, bathing the feet in hot water evenings, and taking cream of tartar, 1 oz., 
dissolved in 1 pt. of boiling water, and drank of freely, when cold, to produce 
gentle cathartic action, will be found a valuable help in curing them; or, the 
old plan, taking cream of tartar and sulphur, equal parts, or of late, 2 ozs. of 
cream of tartar to 1 oz. of sulphur, mixed and stirred into syrup, and take 3 
mornings and skip 3, until 9 doses are taken, was a good way, if enough is 
taken to act pretty freely on the bowels by the 3d day. Being also careful to 
avoid a greasy diet, and using only plain and nutritious food, avoiding also 
stimulating drinks, if a cure is hoped for or desired. 

II. If the Urine is high colored or deficient in quantity, take acetate of 
potash, 1^ oz., in water, 8 ozs. Dose— 1 to 2 tea-spoonfuls 3 or 4 times daily 
until free and clear, will aid much in bringing about a healthy condition of the 
system in most cases. 

III. Case in Hand. Prof. Scudder, in the Eclectic Medical Journal, gives 
the case of a child 11 months old having this catarrhal ophthalmia, with the 
matter sticking the lids together in the mornings, cured by him with' the above 
treatment after other physicians had failed to give any relief; with the addition 
only of the tinct. of rhus toxicondendron (poison oak) 4 drops in 4 ozs. of water. 


Dose — One tea-spoonful 4 times daily. His cure was effected in 5 weeks, and 
very satisfactory. 

3. Weak Eyes, Mild Remedy for. — Put 1 dr., or a tea-spoonful, 
each of spirits of camphor and laudanum into a 4 oz. vial and fill with rose- 
water. Shake and apply as often as needed. Kain water will do. Shaken 
when used, works very satisfactory. 

4. Another Mild Eye-Water — For Children. — Take 1 oz. of 
elder flowers and steep in J-^ pt. of soft water (steep in an earthen dish); strain, 
and add J^ tea-spoonful of laudanum. Keep in a cool place, and use as needed. 

Remarks. — If the eyes are painful, wet soft cloths with this, and bind on at 
night. If of long standing or chronic, make a tea of the elder flowers and 
drink, or give to children in these cases, to cleanse the blood. 

5. Weak Eyes, Wash for. — Some writer for weak eyes says: " Bathe 
your eyes night and morning in a tolerably strong solution of common table salt 
and water. We have known some remarkable cures effected by this simple 
remedy. After bathing the eyes daily for about a week, intermit a day or two; 
then resume the daily bathing, and so on till your ej'es get strong again." 

6. Eyes, Acute Inflammation of— Valuable Remedy. — For an 
acute inflammation of the eyes I know of notliing better than to take the white 
of an egg, in a tin cup, and beat into it thoroughly about }/^ a teaspoon of pow- 
dered alum; set on the stove to heat, and stir constantly till it curdles; then 
strain off the whey, breaking up the curd and putting it upon a cloth, and lay 
upon the eye; and as it becomes dry, take it off and fold the cloth around it to 
keep the curd together; re-wet it, by putting it into the whey, drain off the sur- 
plus whey, and re-apply. This may be done 2 or 3 times; then make more, if 
needed, and use the same way, until the inflammation subsides; after which 
any of the eye waters, reduced with water to be very mild, may be used to 
strengthen the eyes. I have used this tn just this way, upon my own eye, with 
entire success. If the inflammation should continue long, take some salts or 
tream of tartar, or tlie sulphur mixture as in No. 2 for"Catarrhal Ophthalmia." 
t see this alum cure is recommended, in about the same way, for sprains. 
I have not used it upon them; yet, as a sprain produces an inflammation, I think 
it will prove valuable tliere also. 

7. Eyes, to Remove Iron and Steel from. — Iodine, 2 grs. ; 
iodide of potasli, 12 grs. ; soft water, 3 ozs. 

Remarks. — Accidents are often occurring to millers, while picking the mill- 
stones, by a small bit of steel from the pick penetrating into the coating of the 
eye. Dr. T. B. King, of Toledo, an old English physician, referred to severa'' 
times in this work, informs me that he has cured several cases with this prepa- 
ration. I have had no opportunity to test it since I obtained it, but had one 
just before, which I was relating to the " Old Doctor," when he gave me this. 
He says, by putting one or two drops of it into the eye a few times, the steel or 
iron will be loosened in 24 hours. Then let no one fail to try it, as soon as 


8. Eyes, Granulation of.— For granulations (small grain-like eleva- 
tions inside of the lids) of the eye, Dr. King puts corroscive sublimate, ^ gr., 
into the reddish codliver oil, 1 oz., dissolves and applies 2 or 3 times daily, with 
great success. 

9. Films of the Eye — One Case of Five and One of Nine- 
teen Years Blindness Cured. — I. Dr. M. P. Greensword, of Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y., reporting through the Medical Summary, in Dec. No. for 1882, 
says: "I took a patient that had been blind five years from opacity (thickening 
of the cornea membrane covering the front of the eye, which prevents seeing 
through it) and gave him the nitrate of silver in doses as follows: Nitrate of 
silver, 5 grs. ; tannin, 2 grs. ; rain water, 6 ozs. Dose — A tea-spoonful 15 min- 
utes before each meal. In 10 days he began to receive sight, and in one year 
his sight was nearly perfect. 

"After this I took a man aged 82, and blind nineteen years from opacity of 
the cornea: I gave him the same remedy, in the same way, and in 6 months his 
sight was restored nearly perfect. I have since cured a great many cases from 
opacity by the same remedy. It is far superior to mercury in any shape. 
Another advantage in using this remedy is that the patient continues to grow bet- 
ter for a year after discontinuing its use, if he lets all other medicines alone dur- 
ing that time." 

Remarks. — The Doctor admits having failed to cure some cases of females, 
who were troubled with leucorrhoja, until he cured that difficulty by ap- 
plying a sponge to the parts wet with a strong solution of cadmium, for 24 
hours; then alternate with a sponge pessary, saturated with pure glycerine, for 
the same length of time. The words, "a strong solution," may do very well for 
a physician, but for the people it is not as well as to say how manj^ grs. to 1 oz. 
of water — from J^ to 4 grs to the oz. are used as an eye-water, and double this 
strength is used in ulcerations of the ear; then 5 or 6 grs. to 1 oz of soft water 
would be as strong as I would recommend. It is much like the sulphate of 
zinc in its action. I trust the nitrate of silver, as above, will continue to give 
satisfaction in blindness. 

If nitrate of silver is taken very long in any case, I should fear it might 
give a dark color to the skin and whites of the eyes, that could never be removed. 
Look out for that, by consulting with your physician, and stop its use if these 
conditions show at all, but even this is better than blindness. 

II. The old plan of removing films from the eyes, by rubbing a piece of 
"blue stone" (blue vitrol — sulphate of copper), made very smooth, over them, 
once daily, which has been done also for granulations, is a quicker way, and no 
danger of discoloring the skin. But this would have to be done by a physician 
or some one a little skilled in turning up the lids out of the way, then simply 
passing it carefully over the film or granulations, as the case may be. It is 
pretty severe but effectual, if properly done. The eye-lid should be held open 
2 or 3 minutes before allowing it to close. 

III. Films are also removed with corrosive sublimate, J^ gr. dissolved in 
J^ oz. of sub. acetate of lead water, then 3^ oz. of white cod liver oil, added 


and shaken until thoroughly mixed, and shaken when used. Put on a little 
"with a brush once daily. Of course, in all cases, correct the blood and general 

10. Stye upon the Eye— Lid Remedy, — Put a teaspoonful of black 
tea in a small bag; pour on it enough boiling water to moisten it; then put it 
on the eye pretty warm. Keep it on all night and in the morning the stye will 
TQOst likely be gone; if not, a second application is certain to remove it." 

Remarks. — The infusion or weak tea, made from black tea, has beea for 
some lime considered good as an eye-water, then why not the grounds good as 
& poultice? I believe it may be worthy of trial. 

As a beverage the black tea is preferable for invalids and for nervous 
people — a weak infusion. Should the above poultice of tea fail, try the follow- 
ing, which I know must be good in any kind of swelling, as styes, boils, etc., 
if followed up properly. It is from the Cricket on the Hearth, a valuable paper. 
It is headed: 

11. A Stye, to Remove from the Eyelid. — "The stye is strictly 
only a little boil, which projects from the edge of the eye-lid. It usually disap- 
pears of itself after a little time, especially if some purgative medicine be taken. 
If the stye should be very painful and inflamed, a small warm poultice of lin- 
seed meal and bread or milk must be laid over it, (a poultice of powdered 
slippery elm is also good for any inflammation), and renewed every 5 or 6 hours, 
and the bowls freely acted upon by a purgative draught, such as the following: 

I. Purgative Draught for Stye, or Other Purposes. — " Take Epsom salts, 
J^ oz. ; best manna, J|^ oz. ; infusion of senna, % oz. ; tinct. senna, }^ oz. ; spear- 
mint water, 1 oz. ; distilled or soft water, 2 ozs. Mix and take 3, 4 or 5 table- 
spoonfuls. When the stye appears ripe, an opening should be made into it with 
the point of a large needle, and afterward a little of the following ointment may 
he smeared over it once or twice a day. 

II. Ointment for Stye, Chaps, etc. — Take spermaceti, % oz.; white wax, 
IJ^ ozs. ; olive oil, 3 ozs. Mix them together over a slow fire, and stir them 
constantly until cold. 

Remarks. — Box the ointment for use, as above indicated. A faithful use 
of these will soon tell. 

1. CORNS— Hard and Soft, Warts, Bunions, etc.— I. Corns. — 
Probably but few subjects of more universal interest could be found than the 
very humble one of corns. A writer in the Clm-istian Weekly says: " They are 
of two kinds — soft and hard — the result of pressure which stimulates the skin 
so that an increased flow of blood to the excited part is caused, and the cells of 
the cuticle (from the Latin cidis, skin,) are more rapidly produced than is 
natural. Soft corns occur between the toes, because of the pressure of the joints 
of the smaller toes on the opposite skin, and the corn is constantly moist with 
perspiration. The first thing in the cure of corns is to remove the cause — ^weai 
soft, broad-toed shoes and boots, and thus remove the irritating pressure. 

I. Hard Corns. — Soak hard corns in warm water, shave down, touch them 
■with a little acetic acid occasionally, and put a thin plaster over the corn to pre- 
■vent chafing after the application of the acid 


II. Soft Corns. — In tbe case of soft corns great cleanliness must be 
observed, the suffering toes must be kept separate by a bit of cotton, and the 
dead skin, after touching lightly with the acid, must be removed as fast as its 
tenderness will allow. But no cure can be accomplished while an ill-fitting 
shoe is still doing its mischievous work. Too tight a shoe, especially one too 
narrow-toed, is an ill-fitting shoe. 

Remarks. — I wish to say as confirming the idea above advanced, that if any 
one will not give up their " tight fits " they may rest assured that they will 
always have a crop of corn(s) on hand, or rather on foot. So suit yourself as to 
keeping a full supply. 

2. Bunions, Corns, "Warts, etc.— Brister's Spanish Destroyer. 

— Concentrated ether, 1 lb. ; gun cotton, 1 oz. ; best alcohol, 8 ozs. ; glycerine, 
1 oz. ; a trifle of red aniline to color. 

I. Directions to Make. — Pu* the gun cotton on a plate and wet it with a 
little alcohol, and then put all into the ether. If a less amount is desired keep 
the same proportions. Keep corked. To color, if to put up for sale, put 5 cts. 
■worth of aniline red into 1 oz. of alcohol, and 1 tea-spoonful of it will color all 
a nice red, more or less as you choose. 

II. Directions for Use. — Soak the feet in warm water from 5 to 10 min- 
utes; scrape the outside of the corns, or bunions, with a knife. Apply the 
■destroyer to the afl!licted parts with a brush, as thin as possible, about three 
times a week, 4 or 5 applications being sufficient to cure the affected parts. 
Should the corns be between the toes (soft corns), place a little piece of cotton 
between them, to keep them apart, and to keep the medicine from being rubbed 

For warts keep covered with the remedy, or destroyer, till they are removed. 
Keep the vial corked tightly. 

The destroyer, when applied to the afflicted parts, forms a thin plaster 
{artificial skin) over the same. Discontinue the use of the destroyer until the 
plaster disappears. When my wife used it upon her bunions she put some 
-washing fluid (made of sal-soda and lime, which she always kept for washing 
purposes), into the water in which she soaked the bunions, then scraped off all 
the dead matter and softened skin, and applied the remedy. It did not take 
but a few days to reduce her bunions more than one-half in size, and to remove 
all soreness. This is really a valuable thing for bunions. 

But sal-soda put in the water to soak the corn, or bunion in, making it 
pretty strong, will do as well as the washing (fluid, referred to above; it soft- 
ens the hard scaly surface, which is to be scraped off; then apply as above 
directed, with a brush. 

Remarks. — I obtained this recipe of Wm. H. Brister, of Springfield, 111., 
at the depot where he was selling the " Destroyer," as he calls it. He had a cir- 
cular, calling himself " The Great Western Corn Doctor," and told me he had 
traveled 8 years in its sale, and had cleared his living for himself and family 
and built a house in Springfield w^orth $8,000 made out of the bu.siness. This 
remedy must certainly have been very valuable, or he could not have continued 
its sale for so many years; for he showed me certificates from prominent men. 


governors, senators, laTryers, doctors, etc., all over the country whom he 
had cured. I have made it and cured many bad bunions, and hence I know its 
value. It forms an artificial skin over the parts and hence it is good in slight 
bruises or abrasions, to put on for this purpose, to protect them from water, etc. 

3. Corns, Simple Remedy for. — Having removed the friction and 
pressure causing corns, by the substitution of well constructed shoes and boots, 
the thickened cuticle may be removed by applying equal parts of carbonate of 
soda and common brown bar soap. Rub these substances together, with a 
spoon handle or knife blade on the surface of a plate, forming a strong alkaline 
ointment. Directions — Spread a little of this on a piece of buck-skin or wash- 
leather and apply it to the surface of the corns at bed-time, after soaking them 
for 5 or 10 minutes in hot water, allowing it to remain until morning. "Wheu 
the soap plaster is removed in the morning, the corn to which it has been applied, 
will be found white and soft, and by scraping a little around its base with your 
finger nail, or a dull knife, it may be easily raised up and removed. Then apply 
the colodion or artifical skin, or a bit of court plaster, till it heals. This is all 
that is needed, except to wear easy shoes and boots. 

4. Corns, A Sure Cure for. — Bathe in a strong solution of sal soda; 
pare off close, and touch the corn with carbolized iodine; repeat the application 
of iodine next day, and a cure will speedily follow. 

Remarks. — A druggist will prepare this mixture, if desired, and either of 
the plans here given, with proper care not to wear tight boots or shoes, will 
cure corns. 

5. Corn Salve, Effectual. — Pine pitch, or pine tar, as some call it, 
brown sugar and saltpeter, each, 1 tea-spoonful. Simmer together. Pare the 
corn as close as you can. Spread some of the salve on an old kid glove or 
other thin, soft leather, the size of the corn; bind it on for 2 or 3 days; when 
taken off the corn comes off with it. A lady who had used it gave me this. 

6. Warts, Simple Cure for. — Cut a piece of wild turnip, 
from the woods, and rub several times upon the wart or warts. A writer 
says: " I removed nearly a hundred from hands, leaving no scar at all." 

Remarks. — This is simple, and is, no doubt, as good as represented. 

7. It is also claimed that our simple potato, cut and rubbed on, the same 
as the wild turnip, in the receipt above, 3 times a day for a few days, removed 
20 warts from the writer's hands. 

8. Another writer says: "Chromic acid, a drop or two to each wart at 
bed-time, I will warrant to cure in 3 days." 

Remarks. — Be careful not to get it on the hands or clothing, nor leave it 
where children can get it. Carbolic acid, full strength, will do the same thing. 
The best way to apply any acids is to take the end of a match-stick and mash 
one end between the teeth, to make a broom-like end, to hold only a drop or 
two, and just touch the head of the wart, or corn with the acid 2 or 3 times. 
Remember this— if you get too much acid on, so it runs down into the flesh, 
soda will neutralize it. The chromic acid is considered the safest of the acida. 


(See Cancer, Chromic Acid in, etc.) Pon't use enough to spread upon other 

9. Warts, Simple and Easy Cure.— Rubbing warts night and 
morning with a moistened piece of muriate of ammonia (sal ammoniac), will 
cause their disappearance without pain or scar. 

10. Warts on Cows' Teats ; or, The Hand's Remedy.— E. Wal- 
cott asks the readers of the Detroit Tribune for a remedy for warts upon cows' 
teats, and " J. L.," of Maple, Mich., makes liim the following answer: "Take 
a handful of green bean leaves and rub them in the hands until the hands are 
thoroughly wet with the juice; then proceed to milk. As often as the hands 
get dry while milking, moisten again with the bean leaf juice. Do this twice 
or three times a week, and in a few weeks there will be no warts on the cow's 
teats or the hands of the milker. " 

1. SEASICKNESS, CURE FOR. — Dr. Landener, of Athens, 
Greece, claims to have discovered that 10 to 12 drops of chloroform cures sea- 
sickness. One dose cured 18 out of 20; the second dose cured the others. 

Remarks. — It is simple, easily obtained and not unpleasant to take in a lit- 
tle water. And a lady who has had considerable experience in crossing parts 
of Lake Erie informs me that the smelling of chloroform a few times has 
relieved much of the nausea attending seasickness. So, also, my judgment is 
that the taking and inhaling a little of it from the bottle will do great 

2. English Remedy.— The bromide of sodium, for long voyages, has 
been found very effectual in doses of 10 grs. , 3 times a day, in treating 200 
cases of ocean seasickness. — Dr. Kendall in British Medical Journal. 

Remarks. — The bromide of sodium was first used by the late Dr. Beard. 
The indiscriminate use of oranges, lemons, brandy and champagne, Dr. Ken- 
dall condemns, as making the case worse than without them. 

CALOMEL, a Substitute for, in Jaundice, Hepatic Dropsy, 
Hypochondriosis, Hemorrhoids, Throat and Bronchial Inflam- 
mations, etc. — A medical writer says: " Sulphate of manganese is now being 
introduced as a substitute for mercury in various bilious troubles. In jaundice, 
hepatic dropsy (dropsy arising from liver difficulties, and most generally affect- 
ing the abdomen), hypochondriasis (a condition of melancholy, or low spirits) 
it is stated to have produced most remarkable results; and in hemorrhoids 
(piles) and in congestion (inflammation, or an unnatural accumulation of blood) 
of the throat and bronchial tubes it has proved no less efl5cacious. AnsEmic 
patients (persons of a pale or bloodless appearance), who cannot take any of 
the preparations of iron, are enabled to take iron with benefit if combined with 
2 to 5 grs. of sulphate of manganese. It is generally found preferable to 
administer the manganese in 10 to 20 grs. dose, in a ghiss of water, adding a lit- 
tle citrate of magnesia to cause effervescence. By these doses large bilious 
dejections (passages) are produced. Half a drachm (30 grs.) is said to be the 
utmost dost ever necessary, 10 grains being usually quite sufficient." 


Remarks.— Vroi. King, in his "American Dispensary," says: "It acts like 
a powerful cholagogue, (a Greek word signifying " to carry off bile"), causing a 
profuse secretion of bile, and has been used with efficacy in scrofula, chlorosis 
(whites), jaundice, torpid liver, diseases of the spleen and cachexia {i. e., any 
depraved or bad condition of the system, as from cancer, syphilis, etc.). 
Dose— The dose is from 5 to 30 gi's., 3 times a day. A dr. or two (60 to 120 
grs.) dissolved in a J^ pt. or 1 pt. of water will act as a prompt purgative, with 
scarcely any depression of the system. " But," he continues, " large doses, or 
its long continued use in small doses, injures the tone of the stomach. One dr. 
of the sulphate of manganese mixed in 1 oz. of lard has been used externally 
as an ointment in buboes, chancres, indolent ulcers and some diseases of the 
skin." And the author thinks this ointment might prove valuable to rub in 
thoroughly over the liver. So it will be seen that this preparation of manga- 
nese, is a valuable article, and if it is made to take the place of calomel, it 
will be a grand thing for the people. Almost any cathartic, if very long con- 
tinued, will depress and injure, more or less, the condition of the stomach; so 
this is not alone in thus injuring " the tone of the stomach," if long continued. 

etc. — An inquiry through the Blade for a plan to improve the complexion by 
removing pimples, etc., was made in the following words: " My complexion is 
sallow and bad, my skin pimply all over. I am run down, and want to feel 
alive again. What is the matter, and what is to be done ? " To this inquiry 
the editor of the "Household Department" made such a common-sense reply 
that I give it a place, hoping that every one needing such an alterative effect will 
adopt her suggestions, and save the necessity of taking something which is 
more of a medicinal character. She says : 

I. The matter is that the blood is thoroughly vitiated, and improving it 
must be a matter of time. Spring diet should do the work of medicine, largely. 
And first in importance, are salads of all sorts. Every family should have its 
beds and boxes, its borders and hot-beds full of fresh sprouts, from the pepper- . 
grass and the water-cress to the tender turnip, mustard, cabbage and beet shoots, 
the first leaves of dandelion and sorrel, cheril, mint and parsely, all good to 
mix for some of the most inviting salads. 

II. But the vegetable which combines the most beneficial qualities, which 
ranks as a medicine and purifier of the finest sort, is one, which, though its 
stigma is now removed among gourmands and in polite society, is under the 
ban in ordinary circles. The virtues of the onion render it a pharmacopoeia in 
itself. Eaten raw, with or without vinegar, it is the most effective purifier of 
the blood known. It has been known to leave consumptives plump and rosy. 
It cures dyspepsia, and is a thorough worm-medicine for children. As a toilet 
prescription, it will do as much to refine the complexion, renew the hair and 
remove spots as any one article known. More people like its piquant flavor, 
indispensable in all high-class cookery, tlian care to own a preference they sup- 
pose ungenteel. But there need be no hesitation in eating onions freely, since 
the use of a tooth-brush and a dose of charcoal, always good in itself, or the chew- 
ing of some roasted coffee or corn, will remove the odor^ The only care to be 

l_Yellow Dock. 2-Lobelia. or In.lian Tobacco. 3-Bugleweed, or Water 
Horehound. 4-Dogwood, or Boxwood. 5-Deadly Nightshade or 
Belladonna. 6-Wild Indigo, or Rattle Bush. 7-Pink Root or 
Pink. 8-Bla..k Cohosh, or Rattleroot. 9-Prickley Ash, or Yellow Wood. 


observed is, that as onions absorb impurities very quickly, they should be kept 
in a dry place where there is pure air, not in musty cellars or closets, with 
decaying provisions and sour milk. To get their full benefit, raw onions and 
their young shoots should be eaten at breakfast, as a salad, with bread and but- 
ter. They banish worm complaints of the most aggravated type, and prevent 
throat and blood disease in a large degree, absorbing and removing impurities 
in the blood. * * * * I am going to give one or two old-fashioned recipes 
for spring bitters which, home-made, of fresh roots and simples, are better than 
e.xpensive medicines, and the two following have especial virtues for the com- 

III. Alterative Bi{ters, Cheap and Good. — Put 1 oz. of yellow dock root 
and a cup of grated horse-radish in 1 quart of hard cider, cold. It will be 
ready the next day and should be taken, a wine-glass full before each meal. 
This made by the gallon and taken through the season will affect the growth of 
the hair and improve the appearance in every way, provided the strength is 
kept up by well selected food. 

IV. Alterative Beer of Our GrandmotJier' s Make. — The next is a strictly 
temperance beer of the sort of our grandmothers used to administer in power- 
ful doses. Take of best Jamaica ginger root, sassafras bark, from the root, 
and wild cherry bark, each 2 ozs. ; burdock root and dandelion root, each 4 ozs. ; 
bruise all, and add cream of tartar, 1 oz., and water, 3 gals. Boil 10 minutes, 
strain, and add white sugar, IJ^ lbs.; the rind of a lemon in bits; heat, stir 
until the sugar dissolves, and pour into a stone jar with 3 ozs. of tartaric acid. 
When lukewarm, put in a tea-cupful of hop yeast, stirring well. In a few days 
it will be in high perfection and a very pleasant beer, with valuable alterative 

Remarks. — The author thinks that 1 oz. of tartaric acid will be plenty, 
because, with the above amount, 3 ozs. , it will become hard and sour too quickly. 

Ring-Worm Remedies. — The form that this eruption takes gives its 
name, as it is generally in a circle, itching considerably when the body is heated 
by exercise, or in hot weather; and also if rubbed or scratched. A saturated 
solution (all that will dissolve) of blue vitriol in water, touching the parts sev- 
eral times daily, will cure them. 

SPRAINS — Capital Remedy for. — The white of an egg, into which 
a piece of alum about the size of a hickory-nut has been stirred, stirring con- 
stantly until it forms a jelly or curd, is a capital remedy for sprains. It should 
be laid over the sprain upon a piece of lint, and be changed or re-wet in the 
whey as often as it becomes dry. 

Remarks. — I think it best to lay on a cloth, rather than lint, for convenience 
of re-wetting, as in for Inflammation of the Eye; full directions there how to 
make and use it. It allays inflammation and soreness quickly. 

1. CUTS AND BURNS Shorn of Their Terrors.— A writer in 
the Stratford (Ont.) Weekly Herald gives the following remedy for slight cuts 
and small burns, which she claims to be so effectual as to remove the usual 
terror arising in a family upon such occasions. She says: " Our own remedy 


for cuts and byrns is glue or mucilage. This closes up a cut nicely, and one 
will experience no inconvenience thereafter. Cuts and burns are shorn of their 
terrors when the glue or mucilage is handy and ready for use. Let our lady 
readers bear this in mind. The good right-hand which penned these lines was 
caught under a stick while replenishing the fire in the kitchen stove, and pressed 
closely against the hot iron plate so that one finger was quite roasted. We 
released it and almost fainted before we could reach the cool, thick mucilage on 
our writing-desk, when, lo! all pain, and smart, and annoyance were gone, and 
the hand was ready for duty just as soon as the transparent covering could dry. 
How many useful things there are, the value of which we know almost nothing 

Remarks.. — I was aware that carriage varnish was good for slight cuts, 
burns and bruises, when the skin is more or less abraded, or scraped (from 
the Latin abradere, to scrape off), and I have no doubt a good liquid glue or the 
common mucilage, made with gum arabic, 5 ozs. , to water, J^ pt. , will do just 
as well. I should prefer the mucilage in place of the glue. 

2. Cuts, An Excellent Remedy for. — " It is not generally known," 
says a writer, " that the leaves of the common geranium are an excellent remedy 
for cuts, or where the skin is rubbed off, and other wounds of that kind. One 
or 2 leaves, bruised and applied to the parts, and the wounds will be cicatrized 
(healed) in a short time." (See Burns, Scalds, etc., for the use of the new 
remedy — bi-carbonate of soda.) 

3. Cuts, Wounds, Felons and Other Inflammations, Hot 
Water Poultice for. — A paper called the Home HealtJi says that a hot water 
poultice is the most healing application for cuts, bruises, wounds, sores, felons 
and other inflammations, that can be used. The poultice is made by dipping 
cotton in hot water and applying, changing often. A convenient way is, in 
case of felons or other painful abscess, to hold the hand for hours in water as 
hot as can be comfortably borne. 

Remarks. — This is undoubtedly valuable. I have for some time past used 
hot applications to an inflamed eye, while most physicians apply cold. It is 
good for internal use, as seen by the use of the hot water cures for dyspepsia, 
consumption, etc., in this book, which see; why not good for external applica- 
tions? I believe it will be found so, if a wound or other sore manifests the least 
tendency to inflame and become tedious in healing. 

1. CATARRH, NASAL — Common-Sense Treatment for.— 

Notwithstanding Dr. Dio Lewis has sometimes appeared, at least, to run the 
" diet" question into the ground, as we often hear said, yet his remarks upon it 
in connection with nasal Catarrh are perfectly sound. He says: 

" For nasal catarrh, eat only a piece of beefsteak (broiled is best) half as 
large as your hand, one baked potato and one slice of bread for your breakfast; 
a piece of roast beef as large as your hand, with one boiled potato and one 
slice of bread, for dinner; take nothing for supper, and go to bed at 8':3(> 
o'clock. Sleep, if possible, half an hour before dinner. Drink nothing with 
your meals, nor within two hours after. Drink as much cold water on rising 


and going to bed as you can. Live 4 to 6 hours daily in the open air, riding or 
■walking. Bathe frequently, and every night on going to bed rub the skin all 
over with a hair glove. [There are two kinds of hair gloves, the English and 
American, usually kept by druggists. The English are the best, being more 
durable.] In less than a week you will get along with one handkerchief daily. 
To cure even bad cases you have only to make your stomach digest well — 
only to make yourself healthier — and your nose will quickly find it out and 
adapt itself to the better manners of its companions." 

Remarks. — Dr. Lewis claims, and the above treatment indicates, this dis- 
ease to be constitutional, and, therefore, he works upon the constitution alter- 
atively through the digestion, which, not directly but impliedly, forbids tea, 
coffee and all pastry; but while he leaves the substantial, we may well allow 
him to cut off, as he does, all hurtful superfluities. It has only to be tried 
faithfully to satisfy the most incredulous of its value. It will prove equally 
valuable in consumption, salt-rhevun, discharges from the ears, fever-sores, etc., 
etc. , as he claims them all to be constitutional rather than simply local, as has 
been generally believed. Certainly this common-sense plan of eating and care 
of the person will do great good in these and all chronic diseases; and it would 
be wise for everybody to use much less of the superfluities and confine them- 
selves to the simple necessaries in the line of food, if health and consequent 
long life is worthy of consideration. It will not be possible for those living in 
the country to always have fresh steak or roast beef, but they must confine 
themselves to the substantials, and let cake, pie and puddings alone, if they 
hope to get rid of long-standing disease. And I will only add here that in any 
chronic, i. e., long-standing, disease, the salt-water washings (which see) should 
be resorted to, with the dry rubbings, as there directed. 

2. Catarrh Snuff. — Pulverized borax, 1 oz. ; loaf-sugar, pulverized, J^ 
dr. Mix thoroughly, and take 6 to 10 pinches daily. 

Remarks. — It may be used in connection with any other treatment, and will 
be found especially valuable in all recent cases, and has cured many chronic, or 
long-standing cases, without other aids Still it is always best to use general 
treatment in connection with it. If the throat is at all sore at the same time 
you take a pinch of the snuff, it will be found valuable to take another pinch 
and drop it into the fauces, or back part of the throat. It helps the cure mate- 

3. Catarrh, Ointment for. — Pure tar, J^ oz.; freshly made, unsalted 
butter, 1 oz., or 1 oz. to 4 if it is thought that much will be needed. Simmer 
together and apply inside the nostrils from 3 to 6 times a day, as the case seems 
to require. This is claimed to be very valuable, keeping the membrane moist 
as well as being curative in itself. 

EPILEPSY— Of Long Standing— German Cure for.— Accord- 
ing to Kunze, we possess in Curare a remedy by which cases of epilepsy of 
very long standing can be cured. He uses a solution of \ grs. of Curare in 1 
dr. and 15 minims of water, to which 3 drops of hydrochloric acid have been 
added- At intervals of about a week he injects 8 drops of this solution sub- 


cutaneously (under the skin), and he has found that in some cases where con- 
vulsions had occurred for some years, a complete cure was effected after about 
8 to 10 injections. — Deutsche Zeitsch. f. prakt. Med. 1877, No. 9. 

Remarks. — The Curare is one of the newer remedies, and may not be gen- 
erally kept by druggists ; but as this would have to be done by a physician, 
having a suitable instrument to inject with, he can obtain the remedy with- 
out trouble to the patient. It will be a grand thing if we have a cure, at last, 
for this terrible disease. The following, however, which came to me m the 
Medical Summary, of Landsdale, Pa., for December, 1882, long after the above 
was written, seems to hold out great hopes, with much less trouble, than the 
foregoing. It was first communicated to the Medical and Surgical Reporter by 
Edward Vanderpoel, M. D., who says : 

" "When I commenced practice, in 1833, nitrate of silver was the grand 
remedy for this complaint. After repeated failures, however, with it, I was 
told by Dr. Boyd, an octogenarian (one of 80 years, who might have seen 50 or 
60 years of practice), of our city, that he had no trouble in its cure. He had 
treated a man successfully who had not earned a dollar in 20 years, and who after- 
wards supported his family by his labor. I gladly adopted his practice, and 
have been successful ever since. The remedy, oxide of zinc. Directions^ 
Begin J^ gr. dose, 3 times a day, for 24 doses (8 days). Then 1 gr. for 24 doses. 
Then li^ grs. 3 times a day, rubbing the spine with stramonium ointment, 
morning and evening, and stimulating embrocations (liniments), which I have 
seen used. Since then I have been successful; never going beyond 5 gr. doses, 
except in one case of a hard drinker and opium eater who, at the time I com- 
menced with him, had been treated for a year with bromide of potash ; impair- 
ing his memory badly, which was restored with the use of the zinc." 

Remarks. — I have great confidence in this treatment, from the age of the 
originator and the length of time Dr. Vanderpool had used it, he being in prac- 
tice for 50 years. (See also " Chorea, or St. Vitus Dance," which is a species of 
nervous disease, much like epilepsy.) 

FAT PEOPLE— rood to Reduce Their Fleshiness.— The Med- 
ical Journal, speaking of the plan to reduce fat people, to a reasonably stout 
and healthy condition, says: " If any reader is growing too fat for comfort, he 
may, possibly, find the following suggestions valuable: There are three classes 
of food, the oils, sweets and starches, the special office of which is to support 
the animal heat and produce fat, having little or no influence in promoting 
strength of muscle or endurance. If fat people, therefore, would use less fat 
and more of lean meats, fish and fowl, less of fine flour and more of the whole 
products of the grains — except the hulls — less of the sweets, particularly in 
warm weather, and more of the fruit acids, in a mild form, as in the apple, 
sleep less, be less indolent, and labor more in the open air, the fat would disap 
pear, to a certain extent at least, with no loss of real health. In food we have 
almost a perfect control of this matter, far better than we can have in the use 
of drags. If we have too much fat and too little muscle, we have simply to 
use less of the fat forming elements and more of the muscle food, such as lean 


meats, fish and fowl, and the darker portions of the grains, etc., with peas and 

Remarks. — The above principles are facts; then, if any person desires to be 
less fat, let them be governed by them, and they will obtain their desire; indo- 
lence and self-indulgence are the mothers of fatness. (See also "Dropsy and 
Anti-fat Medicine in One.") 

1. LIQUOR— A Cure for the Love of it.— At a festival at a 
reformatory institution recently, a gentleman said, of the cure of the use of 
intoxicating liquors: " I overcame the appetite by a recipe given to me by old 
Dr. Hattield, one of those good old physicians who do not have a percentage 
from a neighboring druggist. The prescription is simply an orange every morn- 
ing a half hour before breakfast. ' Take that,' said the doctor, ' and you will 
neither want liquor nor medicine.' I have done so regularly, and find that 
liquor has become repulsive. The taste of the ©range is in the saliva of my 
tongue, and it would be as well to mix water and oil, as rum, with my taste. " 

Remarks. — I will add to this, keep away from where it is sold, taking.the 
orange as directed, and you will be safe. If you go into saloons, no matter how 
much you may try to avoid drinking while there, there will be pretended friends 
— real enemies — who will urge you to drink, and even attempt to pull you up 
to the bar, and try to force it into your mouth. I speak from knowledge. 1 
once had two young men — I was then young myself — get a cup of brandy, and 
one of them behind me and the other iu front, tried to force me to drink it; but 
I got a chance to get a foot against a bureau and pushed back enough to get 
room for a kick, and that cup and brandy went, as the saying is, "higher'n a 
kite," — it went to the ceiling, — and then I said, " Boys, if you don't let me alone, 
I will kick you, too, but drink I will not." But I should have had to fight, if 
the boss for whom we all worked, had not stepped forward at this juncture, and 
said " Boys, you ought to be ashamed of yourselves. You know Chase told us 
this morning that he did not drink, and, hence, went and borrowed a rifle, and 
has spent all day to get a deer for us to eat; now, let him alone." At this they 
ga-ze it up. The occasion being when a saw mill, in which we worked, had been 
sold — this was in 1834 or '35 — and the giving possession had to be done with 
whiskey and a high day. The difficulty is, people — men or boys — do not say no 
with sufficient vim. When enticed to evil, let the no have a ring as though you 
meant just what you said; then, unless the enticers are drunk, as they were in 
the above case, you will generally have no trouble, especially if you do not put 
in your presence at their haunts of vice. In the above case, it was a boarding- 
house for the mill, and I had nowhere else to go. I will only add, if a man 
does not want to drink, he need not; if he wants to drink, nothing can save 
him. He is bound to destruction. He is, like Ephraim, " joined to his idols," 
—you may just as well — "let him alone." 

2. Liquor — The Use of It Leaves a Permanent Injury. — An 

American physician, who has given attention to the study of alcoholism, said in 
the course of an address recently delivered before a learned society: "There 
are constantly crowding into our insane asylums persons, 50 to 80 years of age, 
who in early life were addicted to the use of alcoholic liquors, but who had 


reformed, and for 10, 20, or 30 years had never touched a drop. The injury 
which the liquor did to their bodies seemed to have all disappeared, being 
triumphed over by the full vigor of their manhood; but when their natural 
force began to decrease, then the concealed mischief showed itself in insanity, 
clearly demonstrating that the injury to their brain was of a permanent 

Remarks. — Then is there not a double reason for not using it? The loss ot 
time and money, and often the abuse of wife and children, or other friends, 
while using it, and the probability of the loss of one's reason in old age. It is 
greatly to be hoped that a word to the wise may be sufficient. 

I. LIFE LENGTHENED— Sensible Rules for.— Dr. Hall, in 
his excellent Journal of Health, gives the following sensible and suggestive rules 
under the above heading: 

I. Cultivate an equable temper; many have fallen dead in a fit of passion. 

II. Eat regularly, not over thrice a day, and nothing between meals. 

III. Go to bed at regular hours. Get up as soon as you wake of yourself, 
and do not sleep in the day-time — at least, not longer than ten minutes before 

IV. Work in moderation, and not as though you were doing it by the job. 

V. Stop working before you are very much tired — before you are " fagged 

VI. Cultivate a generous and accommodating temper. 

VII. Never cross a bridge before you come to it ; this will save you half 
the troubles of life. (In other words, " don't borrow trouble,") 

VIII. Never eat when you are not hungry, nor drink when you are not 

IX. Let your appetite always come uninvited. 

X. Cool off in a place greatly warmer than the one in which you have 
been exercising. This simple rule would prevent incalculable sickness and save 
thousands of lives every year. 

XI. Never resist a call of nature, for a single moment. 
XII. Never allow yourself to be chilled through and through; it is this 
which destroys so many every year, in a few days' sickness, from pneumonia — 
called by some, lung fever — or inflammation of the lungs. 

XIII. Whoever drinks no liquids at meals will add years of pleasurable 
existence to his life. Of cold or warm drinks, the cold ones are the most per 
nicious. Drinking at meals induces persons to eat more than they otherwise 
would, as any one can verify by experiment; and it is excess in eating which 
devastates the land with sickness, suffering and death. 

XrV. After fifty years of age, if not a day laborer, and sedentary persons 
at forty, should eat but twice a day — in the morning, and about four in the 
afternoon; for every organ without adequate rest will " give out " prematurely. 
XV. Begin early to live under the benign influence of Christian religion, 
for it "has the promise of the life that now is and of that which is to come." 
Remarks. — These rules need no extended commendation — they are certainly 



2. How Long Have "We to Live, as Shown by the Life Assur- 
ance Tables. — The following is one of the authenticated tables, in use among 
insurance companies, showing the average length of life at the various ages. In 
the first column, we have persons of average health, and in the second column 
we are enabled to peep, as it were, behind the scenes, and gather from their 
table the number of years they will give us to live. This table is the result of 
careful calculation, and seldom proves misleading. Of course, sudden and 
premature deaths — from accidents, unusual severity of disease, etc. — as well as 
lives unusually extended, occasionally occur; but this is the average expectancy 
of life, of an ordinary man, who lives prudently and avoids all undue exposures, 
etc. In the earlier years of life, the female, from less exposure, has from 1 to 
2 years more of life in expectation than the male; but as life advances, this over- 
average comes down gradually to nearly the same ; but still there is a trifle, or 
small part of a year, always in favor of the woman. I will say, at the start, 
that the average life of all born into the world is, for males, about 39^^]^ years, 
and for females, 41y*^ years. I shall only give the figures for every 10 years, 
up to 20 and after 60, for, so far as business is concerned, before 20 and after 60, 
It will not be of much account, yet interesting as a matter of curiosity. The 
table is given in years and hundredths of a year, by Dr. William Farr, 


More years to 

Those who reach. 







- 46.65 







- 39.48 







- 32.76 







- 26.06 


More yeai 

Those who reach. 





50 . 


- 19.54 




60 . 


• 13.53 


• • 


80 - 


. 4.93 


• • 


100 . 


. 1.68 

BemarTcs. — "With this table before us, taking the present age of any person 
in ordinary good health, we see at a glance how much longer they may be 
expected to live. By considering these things, we can tell whether or not it 
would be best to enter into new business enterprises, marriage relations, etc. 
And, with the table, on "The Pulse in Health," we can tell pretty nearly 
whether we are in an average condition of health or not, as these figures do not 
lie; if they do not hold good in any particular case, it is from a want of average 

Supposing the ladies will desire to know their chances or probabilities of 
marriage, I will append a table showing what their prospects are, between 
thirteen and forty, as follows; 

3. Chances of "Women for Marriage. — The following statement 
is drawn from the registered cases of 876 married women in France. It is the 
first ever constructed to show ladies their chances of marriage at various ages. 
Of the above number there were married: 

3 at 13 

45 at 17 

86 at 21 

36 at 25 

17 at 29 

7 at 33 

2 at 37 

11 at 14 

77 at 18 

85 at 22 

24 at 26 

9 at 30 

5 at 34 

Oat 38 

16 at 15 

115 at 19 

59 at 23 

28 at 27 

7 at 31 

3 at 35 

1 at 39 

43 at 16 

118 at 20 

53 at 24 

22 at 28 

5 at 32 

at 36 

Oat 40 

" 130 


•' 115 


" 105 


" 90 


" 85 


" 75 


" 80 



4. The Pulse in Health— Average Beats per Minute— From 
Physiologist Carpenter: 

New-born infants, - = • From 140 down to 130 

During 1st year, 

" 2d year, - , . 

" 3d year, - . ^ . 

From 7th to 14th year, 
" 14th to 21st year, 
" 21st to 60th year, 
In old age, . , . . 

In inflammatory or acute diseases the pulse may rise to 120, or even to 160, 
in the adult, and becoming so frequent in the child that it cannot be counted. 
Muscular exertion, mental excitement, digestion, alcoholic drink, and elevation 
above the sea level, accelerate the pulse, and as a rule it is more frequent in the 
morning than in the evening. It is slower in sleep, and from the effects of rest, 
diet, cold, or blood-letting. The pulse of a grown woman exceeds that of a 
man of the same age, as much as 10 to 14 beats a minute, and, according to some 
authorities, is less frequent in the tall than in the short person, the variations 
being about 4 beats for each 6 inches of height. 

Remarks. — With this tabulation, any person of average ability (we are now 
talking of averages) can form a fair opinion of how much disturbance there 
may be in one's system, to cause any variation from the general average, and 
hence, tell how sick a person may be and the probability of returning health, 
mider favorable circumstances; also the general average of the length of life 
and probability of marriages, etc. But it may not be amiss here, to state that 
while standing, a healthy man's pulse beats about 74 times in a minute; when 
sitting, only about 70; and when he lies down, only about 64. Thus the heart 
takes its rest at night ; and as the heart passes in its beats about 6 ozs. of blood, 
it is saved the lifting of about 30,000 ozs. of blood in 8 hours' sleep. But now 
suppose he is a drinking man, and takes his wine or liquor day and night, the 
heart must not only get no rest, but is increased by at least 15,000 beats in this 
8 hours and he rises more tired than when he retired, and wholly unfit for the 
day's work, and so strikes out again for the "ruddy bumper," as some call 
it, to " settle his nerves," and thus in a few yeai-s he settles, also, into a drunk- 
ard's grave, mourned for only by those who ought to have been helped by him 
yet, for many years, if he would have cast away his " cups." O, why will men 
so far forget the object of their being? 

1. THE TONGUE— WHAT IT TELLS.— I am very sorry that I 
do not know who wrote the following soliloquj^ upon the tongue, as it is both 
sensible and sound in its teachings; hence, I say, let it be read with care and 
its teachings heeded. He says: 

" A man can never be happy if his stomach is out of order; and dyspepsia 
and hysteria imitate the symptoms of innumerable disorders. But how, the 
reader may ask, can I tell the illness, from which I think I am suffering, to be 
real or imaginary? At any rate, I should answer, look to your stomach first, 
and, pray, just take a glance at your tongue. If ever I was so far left to myself 
g,'^ *o meditate some rash act, I should, before going into the matter, have a look 


ar my tongue. If it was not perfectly clean and moist I should not consider 
myself perfectly healthy, nor perfectly sane, and would postpone my proceed- 
ings in the hope that my worldly prospects would get brighter. What does a 
physician discover by looking at the tongue? Many things. The tongue sym- 
pathizes with every trifling ailment of body or mind, and more especially with 
the state of the stomach. That thin, whitish layer (fur) all over the surface, 
indicates indigestion. A patchy tongue (t. e., the fur in patches) shows that the 
stomach is very much out of order indeed. A yellow tongue points to bilious- 
ness. A creamy, shivering, thick, indented tongue, tells of previous excesses; 
and I do not like my friends to wear such tongues, for I sincerely believe that 
real comfort can not be secured in this world bj^ any one who does not keep his 
feet warm, his head cool, and his tongue clean." 

Remarks. — That we may know what further the tongue may teach us we 
will give the "Synopsis of a Paper read before the Eclectic Medical Associa- 
tion of Ohio, by Prof. John M. Scudder, of the Eclectic Medical Institute of 
Cincinnati," and published by him in the Eclectic Medical Journal, of which he 
is the editor and proprietor. The paper was prepared to explain, and does 
fairly explain, the leading point, or basis upon which " Specific Medication" is 
established or founded, and that is, the indication for treatment as shown by 
the condition of the tongue, or " What the Tongue Tells Us," as shown in our 
first heading above. And although it is quite lengthy, yet as it contains so 
much valuable information for those who may desire to take care of themselves 
and their families, I think it best to give the full synopsis as he 
gave it in the Journal, Vol. XXXI., pages 425-8, under the head of 
"Specific Medication," but as it relates largely to what the tongue teaches or 
shows us, I will head it accordingly. 

2. The Tongue, the Condition of the System Shown by it, 
and the Remedy their Conditions Call for.— After the prehminary 
business of the association was completed, he addressed them as follows: 

Gentlemen: — At the last meeting of the State Society I was requested to 
prepare a paper on Specific Medication, which should serve as a basis for a dis- 
cussion in this new departure (as it has been called) in medicine. 

I do not propose, in doing this, to occupy much of your time in details, but 
rather to present the principles upon which specific or direct medication rests. 

It will be well for us, first, to think for a moment (if it is possible for us to 
realize it) what an un-specific or indirect medication is. It means that we never 
oppose remedies directly to processes of disease, but, on the contrary, influence 
diseased action in a roundabout, indirect, and uncertain manner. 

As examples — We violently excite the intestinal canal with cathartics to 
arrest disease of the brain, the lungs, the kidneys, or other distant parts. Or it 
is possible that we confine our ministration first to the gastric sac (stomach), 
then follow with potent cathartics. In order, we excite the skin and the kidneys 
in the same manner. This not sufficing, we counter-irritate with rubefacients, 
blisters, etc., and so far as possible keep up an influence counter to the disease, 
by unpleasant, nauseating and irritant medicines. 

Whatever may be said in favor of such a practice, and how fine-so-ever the 
theories in reference to it may be spun, it is based upon the idea that two dis- 
eases can not exist in the body at the same time, and if the medicines are suffi- 
ciently potent their action will surely be the strongest^ — and the disease will stop 
—leaving the patient to recover slowly from the influence of the medicines. 


Did you ever know the patient to stop instead of the disease? T have, many 
a time, and have in this way, myself, been a wonderful dispensation of Provi- 
dence. In the olden time men would not believe that the doctors aided large 
numbers of people out of the world. Oh no! The doctors, God bless them, 
pulled the sick through ; they would all have died if it had not been for the 

It is wonderful how statistics take the conceit out of some people and some 
things. When we find hundreds of cases of severe diseases tabulated— such as 
typhoid fever and pneumonia — with a mortality of but one to three per cent., 
with only good nursing and food, no medicine; and active, potent medication 
gives a mortality of five to fifty per cent. 

Do Eclectic physicians kill people too? This brings the matter home, and 
one doesn't like to confess his own sins, as a rule. But in this matter I am like 
Artemus Ward in the last war— I am willing to shed the blood of all my rela- 
tions — and I answer in the affirmative — they do kill — not so many as the old 
practice, it is true, but yet enough to cause us to look at home and rid ourselves 
of the evil. 

Now, I am glad to know that you, and Eclectics as a rule, have a very 
much better practice than theory. Whilst they occasionally wander off after 
these phantasms, it is the exception and not the rule. 

As a body of physicians, we recognize the fact that disease in all its forms 
is an impairment of life. And we recognize the necessity of conserving this 
life, and of employing such means as will increase it, and enable it to resist and 
throw off disease, and restore normal structure and function. 

We recognize the importance of the functions of circulation, innervation 
(health)' action of the nerves giving strength), excretion, etc., and the necessity 
of obtaining as nearly a normal (healthy) performance of them as possible. 
And all experience shows that just in proportion as we get this normal perform- 
ance disease is arrested. 

From its inception (commencement) Eclecticism has been, to a very consider- 
able extent, Specific Medication. The earliest writings point us to Dioscorea 
(wild yam or colic-root) as a remedy for bilious colic, Hydrastis (golden seal) 
for enfeebled mucous membranes, Aralia (dwarf elder) and Apocynum (Indian 
hemp) for dropsy, Baptisia (wild indigo) for putrid sore throat, and similar con- 
ditions of mucous membranes, Hamamelis (witch-hazel) for hemorrhoids, 
Macrotys (black cohosh) for rheumatism, etc. 

In our Materia Medicas remedies were classed as emetics, cathartics, diapho- 
retics, tonics, alteratives, etc. , but in reading the description of medical proper- 
ties, some special use or curative action would be pointed out, and for this it 
would be commonly used. 

In all acute, and most chronic diseases, our examination of the patient and 
our therapeutics will take this order: 1. With reference to the condition of the 
stomach and intestinal canal — bringing them to as nearly a normal condition 
as possible, that remedies may be kindly received and appropriated, and that 
sufficient food may be taken and digested. 2. With reference to the circulation 
of the blood and the temperature — obtaining a normal circulation as regards 
frequency and freedom, and a temperature as near 98° as possible. 3. With 
reference to the presence of a zymotic poison, or other cause of disease, which 
may be neutralized, antagonized or removed. 4. With reference to the condi- 
tion of the nervous system — giving good innervation. 5. With reference to the 
processes of waste and excretion — that the worn-out or enfeebled material may 
be broken down and speedily removed from the body. 6. With reference to 
blood-making and repair — that proper material be furnished for the building of 
tissues, and that the processes of nutrition are normally conducted. 

We may illustrate this further by calling attention to the tongue as a means 
of diagnosing (determining) the conditions of the stomach and intestinal canal, 
and of the blood. 


Tbu will bear in mind that diagnosis — or determining the real condition of 
disease is the most important part of specific medication. And that it is not 
that rough diagnosis which will enable us to guess oif a name for the associated 
symptoms, at which name we will fire our Materia Medica promiscuously. 
Hence when we question the tongue, it is not with reference to a remittent or 
typhoid fever, an inflammation of lungs or rheumatism, but it is — I want you 
to tell me the condition of the stomach and intestinal canal, and especially the 
condition of the blood. 

Now let us briefly see what it will tell us, with regard to the conditiou of 
the primcB vim (first passages — stomach, intestines, and kidneys). 

If the tongue is heavily coated with a yellowish white fur, we know that 
there are morbid accumulations in the stomach; and we have to determine be- 
tween the speedy removal by emesis (vomiting), and the slower removal by the 
alkaline sulphites (sulphite of soda is generally used), or the indirect removal 
by catharsis (cathartics). 

If the tongue is uniformly coated, from base to tip, with a yellowish fur, 
rather full and moist, we have the history of atony (weakness) of the small intes- 
tine, and we give podophylin, leptandrin, and this class of remedies, with con- 
siderable certainty. 

If the tongue is elongated and pointed, reddened at the tip and edges, 
papillae elongated and red, we have evidence of irritation of the stomach with 
determination of blood. The therapeutics (application of the proper medicine) 
is plain: get rid of the irritation ^/'si, and be careful not to renew it by the ap- 
plication of harsh medication. 

Again, we have a tongue that might be designated as "slick." It is vari- 
ously colored, but it looks as if a fly should light upon it he would slip up. 
It is an evidence of a want of functional power, (general weakness), not only 
in the stomach and bowels, but of all parts supplied by sympathetic nerves. 
We treat such a case very carefully, avoid all irritants, and use means to restore 
innervation (strength) through the vegetative system of nerves. 

The tongue tells us of the acidity and alkalinity of the blood, and in lan- 
guage so plain, that it can not be mistaken. 

The pallid tongue (pale, or without color), with white fur, is the index of 
acidity, and we employ an alkali — usually a salt of soda — with a certainty that 
the patient will be benefited. Indeed, one who has never had his attention 
directed in this way, would be surprised at the improvement, in grave forms of 
disease, from one day's administration of simple bi-carbonate of soda. 

The deep-red tongue indicates alkalinity, and we prescribe an acid with the 
positive asssurance that it will prove beneficial. Grave cases of typhoid fever 
and other zymotic (epidemic or contagious) diseases, presenting this symptom, 
have been treated with acids alone, and with a success not obtained by other 
means. But it makes no difference what the disease is, whether a recent diar- 
rhea, or a grave typhoid dysentery, if there is the deep-red tongue, we give 
muriatic acid with the same assurance of success. 

Impairment of the blood — sepsis (blood-poisoning) — is indicated by dirty 
coating, and by dark-colored fur — brownish to black. "When we have either 
the one or the other we employ those remedies which antagonize the septic 
(poisoning) process. 

The bitter tonics are indicated by fullness of tissue, with evident relaxation, 
impairment of circulation and muscular movement. The same condition will 
be an indication of iron. We give tincture of chloride of iron, if the tongue is 
red, iron by hydrogen if the tongue is pale. 

The pale, trembling tongue, is a very good indication for the hypophosphites. 

The pale blueish tongue, expressionless, is the indication for the adminis- 
tration of copper. 

The dusky, swollen tongue demands baptisia (wild indigo). 

You will notice that we have made this unruly member tell us a good deal. 


Vet it might tell us more — it will tell us more when we thoroughly study it. 
My object, is not to point out all that we might learn from it, but to show that it 
is possible to arrive at positive conclusions, from symptoms tliat are always 
definite in their meaning. 

In making our diagnosis, we question every function in the same way. We 
make the pulse tell us the condition of the circulation, and to some extent the 
nervous system that it supplies. We question the nervous system, the secretory 
organs — in fact every part. 

One might suppose that diagnosis in this way would be a matter of ^reat 
difficulty, as would the therapeutics based upon it, from the large number of 
remedies needed to meet these varying conditions of the several functions. But 
this is not so. On the contrary, the method is not only direct and certain, but 
it is easy. 

We have but one life, though its manifestations are so varied. The con- 
trol of this life is centered in a common nervous system — the ganglionic, and 
through this the various parts and functions are united. Disease is an aberra- 
tion of tills life — life iu a wrong direction. Though it manifests itself in vari- 
ous ways, and though we study in detail, as I liave named, it is to grasp it at 
last, as a unit, and oppose to it one or more remedies. 

In some cases we liave a first preparatory treatment, to fit the patient for 
the reception of remedies which directly oppose disease. As when we gave an 
emetic to remove morbid accumulations, or means to relieve irritation of the 
stomach, or give an acid or an alkali, or vise veratrum and aconite to reduce 
frequency of pulse and temperature, to obtain the kindly action of quinine in 
intermittent or remittent fever. 

In other cases there are certain prominent symptoms indicating pathologi- 
cal conditions which may be taken as the key notes of the treatment. As, 
when we have the full, open pulse, indicating veratrum; the hypochondriac 
fullness, umbilical pains, and sallowness of skin, indicating nux vomica; the 
bright eye, contracted pupil, and flushed face, calling for gelsemium ; or the 
dull eye, immobile pupil, tendency to drow.siness, which calls for belladonna. 

In some cases the indication for a special remedy, like one of these, is so 
marked, that we give it alone, and it quickly cures most severe and obstinate 

I would like to continue this subject further, for it is one in which I am 
greatly interested, and I know it is one in which you are interested, but the 
shortness of our session will not permit further remarks. But when we come 
together another year, with another year's experience, we may discuss it again. 

Tlemarks. — If the foregoing is studied well, "it will pay," by helping to 
understand the diseased conditions to which all are liable, as shown by the 
tongue; and, besides this, there are quite a number of things explained, which, 
if studied and heeded, will also prove of great value to those who are sick, or 
who have the care of the sick. 

LEMONS— Their Value in Sickness and in Health.— One of 

the journals, speaking of the use of lemons, says: "For all people, either in 
sickness or in health, lemonade is a safe drink. It corrects bilousness. It is a 
specific (positive cure) against worms and skin complaints. Lemon juice is the 
best antiscorbutic remedy known. It not only cures the disease but prevents it. 
Sailors make a daily use of it for this purpose. A physician suggests rubbing 
of the gums daily with lemon juice, to keep them in health. The hands and 
the nails are also kept clean, white and soft by the daily use of lemon instead 
of soap. It also prevents chilblains. Lemon used in intcriuittcnt fever is 
mixed with strong, hot, black tea, or coffee, without sugar. Neuralgia may be 


cured by rubbing the part affected with a lemon. It is valuable, also, to euro 
"warts and destroy dandruff on the head, by rubbing the roots of the hair with 
it. In fact, its uses are manifold, and the more we use of them the better we 
shall find ourselves." 

Remarks. — See also their value for freckles, and the use of hot lemonade 
to cure colds, and also lemon juice a cure for small-pox, etc. 

Food as Medicine. — Dr. Hall relates the case of a man who was cured 
of his biliousness by going without his supper, and drinking freely of lemonade. 
Every morning, says the doctor, this patient arose with a wonderful sense of 
rest and refreshment, and a feeling as though the blood had been literally 
washed, cleansed and cooled by the lemonade and the fast. His theory is, that 
food will be used as a remedy, for many diseases, successfully. For example he 
cures cases of spitting blood by the use of salt ; epilepsy and yellow fever, by 
water-melons; kidney affections, by celery (water-melons are very valuable also 
for the kidneys); poison, olive or sweet oil; erysipelas, pounded cranberries 
applied to the parts affected; hydrophobia, onions, etc. So the way to keep in 
good health is really to kiwio what to eat — not to know what medicines to take. 

Remarks. — These are all good for what he recommends them; then use 
them freely, in their season. 

1. ERYSIPELAS— New and Successful Remedy.— Dr. T. B. 

King of this city (Toledo, O.), an old physician, of the "Old School, "-Allo- 
pathic — tells me he has cured erysipelas upon a woman's leg (by the way do 
women have "legs" — I believe not so understood, but "limbs"), after ulcer- 
ated and swollen so bad that other doctors said it must be amputated. But by 
simply dusting upon it, freely, the per sulphate of iron (Monsel's salt), cleaning 
off twice daily, with warm suds, and re-applying, without other treatment, 
effectually cured her. 

Remarks. — This salt, or preparation of iron, is a great favorite with Dr. 
King. He applies it, through a speculum (from the Latin specere, to look), to 
ulcers at the mouth of the womb, or upper part of the vagina, he says, with 
equal success. I have also used it, with success, in several of these ulcerations, 
so I have confidence in it, in erysipelas also. To avoid staining the clothing, in 
these cases, wear a suitable bandage to absorb any escaping fluid, as the iron in 
this leaves an iron-rust appearance upon the clothing. 

2. Erysipelss of the Pace (Facial Erysipelas).— Dr. J. B. John- 
son communicated the following to the Medical and Surgical Reporter, which 
he has always found to arrest the disease at once and allay the heat and burning 
promptly. He says: " As the tongue is always more or less coated, I usually 
introduce my treatment by a dose of pills composed of blue mass, 10 grs. ; calo- 
mel, 5 grs.; mix and make into 3 pills; to be taken at one dose; and to be fol- 
lowed in 3 hours by a dose of sulphate of magnesia (epsom salts, dose, ordi- 
narily, a heaping table-spoonful); and without waiting for the action of the pills 
and salts, I immediately commence with iodide of potassium, 1 dr. ; tinct. of 
hyoscyamus, 2 drs.; tinct. aconite leaves (tincture of aconite root is seldom 
given internally), 13 drops; distilled water (clear soft water will do) 8 ozs. : mix. 
Dose — A table-spoonful every hour, day and night, when awake; and I have 


the face bathed every 2 or 3 hours, and constantly covered with a linen cloti^ 
saturated (all it will hold) with the following solution: 

" Hyposulphite of soda, 1 oz. ; carbolic acid No. 1, 1 oz. : distilled water 
(soft water will do), 8 ozs. Mix. 

" This allays, most promptly, the burning and itching of the skin and face, 
and is in no wise disagreeable. 

" This treatment, I have always found, to arrest the erysipelas almost at 
once, and my patient to be about his room in 4 or 5 days. My cases have not 
only escaped complications of congestion and inflammation of the brain, but of 
the throat also, and without the use of either iron, quinine or wine; 5 gr. doses 
of iodide potassium (as above) every hour, has never disappointed me in their 
action; and long experience has enabled me to declare, in my opinion, the 
internal use of iodide of potassium, to be a specific (positive cure) for facial 

Remarks. — This will please all who prefer calomel to the other treatment, 
and the author has confidence in this plan of treatment, as he is not afraid of a 
small dose of calomel, nor blue mass, if worked off directly as was done in 
this case. 

3. Facial Erysipelas, The Author's Treatment of. — Having 
been recently called to a case of this kind, I will give my treat- 
ment of it, as it may help others. It was a young lady of about 18 years of 
age, in which there was an hereditary tendency to this disease, her grandmother 
having died of it. I found the left side of the face swollen and inflamed, and 
just below the eye the flesh was quite hard and very tender. I had it painted, 
or wet, at once, with muriated tincture of iron, full strength, and covered with 
a soft cloth, to protect it from the air. This was in the forenoon, and in the even- 
ing I instructed the same application, and then a poultice of stewed cranberries to 
be applied, always wetting with the tincture before applying the poultice. 
I gave her a seidlitz powder at once, to open the bowels, the next morning to 
be followed with a rounding table-spoonful of epsom salts, and after that, every 
other day a seidlitz powder and salts, alternately. I gave her 5 drop doses of 
the tincture of the iron 3 times a day from the first, by dropping it into a spoon 
and adding water, and telling her to put the spoon past the teeth, so the iron 
should not stain them, which it does without this precaution. After the first 
24 hours, as the inflammation began to go down and the hardened spot below 
the eye to become more soft and natural, I weakened the tincture to be applied 
with one-third water, keeping up the cranberry poultice nights, until the inflam- 
mation was cured, reducing the strength of the tincture for application as the 
case improved, until it was only one-third tincture and two-thirds water; and 
thus, in one week, she was again able to resume lier labors in a candy manu- 
factory where she was engaged, no ulceration or open sore having occured; the 
scarf-skin only peeled off from the effect of the iron, poulticing, etc. Let each 
one, then, afflicted with this disease, suit himself as to which plan he will 
adopt, as circumstances seem to demand. 

1. DIABETES— Valuable Diet for, and Diet to be Avoided. 

— Experience has shown that the only way to cure diabetes is to change from 
the ordinary to the following plan of diet: 


1. Food and Dnnhs which may be Used. — The quickest way is to confine 
Ihe patient to beef and bread made of gluten flour, which has all the starchy 
parts of the wheat removed from it in its manufacture; but mutton, tripe, 
tongue, ham, bacon, sausage, poultry, game, oysters, clams and eggs may be 
occasionally used for variety's sake (but liver never); so also salads, made with 
cabbage or lettuce; cucumbers, water-cress, cauliflower, spinach and string- 
beans in their season; so also peaches and strawberries with cream, but never 
with sugar; in fact, all tart fruit may be used, especially nice sour apples, 
peeled, quartered and cored, dipped in beaten eggs and rolled in fine or pow- 
dered crumbs of the gluten bread, then fried in very hot fat and drained while 
hot, make the best substitute there is for potatoes, which you will see below, 
must not be eaten. Milk in moderate quantities, cream, nice butter, butter- 
milk, and all freshly made cheese and Neuchatel (Swiss) cheese may be eaten. 
Nuts in moderation may be allowed, and eggs freely, cooked to suit the patient. 
Coffee or cocoa, in moderation, with cream, but never with sugar. If tea must 
be used, let it be weak, and only taken in small quantities. Sour wines, as 
claret. Burgundy, Rhine, etc., for those who will use them, may be taken in 
moderation at dinner time. For variety's sake, instead of being absolutely 
confined to the bread made of the gluten flour, it may be made into rolls, pan- 
cakes, fritters, mush, and baked puddings, but never with sugar or molasses, 
nor may these ever be used, even in imdding sauces. Eat slowly, i. e., masti- 
cate (chew) very finely, and what drinks are used let them be taken at the close 
of the meal — as little as possible between meals, of such as have been named 

II. Ffod and Drinks which Should Neve)' be Used. — Potatoes, turnips, 
beets, carrots, parsnips, peas, beans (only string-beans above named), rice, cel- 
ery, asparagus, or tomatoes; nor soups in which common flour has been put, as 
vermicelli, noodles, nor any of the vegetables above prohibited. No cake nor 
pastry of any kind, except it be made from the gluten flour; and nothing that 
contains sugar or starch in any form ; and no spirits, malt beers, nor any of 
the sweet wines can ever be allowed. Take tepid or warm baths, according to 
the season, as often as necessary, followed with friction and exercise, as needed 
to bring a glow of warmth and heat to the surface. [ I can not see why the 
Salt "Water Washings, (which see) should not be used with the friction or rub- 
bings, as there given; certainly diabetes is a chronic disease.] Also stick to the 
above directions as to diet, the year round, to avoid a relapse. 

Remarks. — This plan was, I think, adopted by some eminent physician in 
Europe — I do not remember his name. — then by American physicians, by 
which it has been fairly tested, and found to be about the best thing that can 
be done; and it has heretofore been considered to be about all that could be 
done, but later, as shown below, a few remedies have been found also valuable, 
and the closer the confinement to the beef and gluten flour bread, for a few 
months, the better will it be for the patient, using the allowables only, as it may 
be absolutely necessary for variety's sake. 

2. Diabetes, Ammonia-Saline Treatment for. — It has been 
found recently, by analysis of diabetic blood, that there is a great deficiency 



of certain alkaline salts. These salts are absolutely necessary in order that the 
sugar which is formed in this disease, just as in health, should be burnt off at 
the lungs. M. Mialhe, who discovered the above fact, considers this deficiencj 
the primary (first) cause of diabetes. Whether this is so or not, there is no 
doubt that such deficiency must re-act upon the disease. Accordingly, treat- 
ment directed to supply this deficiency is likely to prove of service, and in 
actual practice such is found to be the fact. The best saline mixture is com- 
posed of carbonate of ammonia, phosphate of ammonia, and carbonate of soda, 
each, 10 grs. ; tinct. of ginger, a few drops; 3 times a day in an oz. (2 or 3 table- 
spoonfuls) of water. 

This mixture is very gratifying to the patient, relieves thirst, and mitigates 
(lessens or relieves) the morbid (unhealthy or craving) appetite. The tongue 
generally becomes moist, the urine diminishes in quantity, and contains less 
sugar. In one case, which may be taken as an average one, the amount of 
sugar was reduced from 30 grs. to the oz. of urine, to 6 grs., and the amount 
of urine daily from 14 pts. to 4 pts, — Dr. W. R. Basham. 

Remarks. — I have taken this from the Eclectic Medical Journal of 1872, 
page 327, and therefore, I have confidence in it, although I have had no oppor- 
tunity to try it, as I did not see it until the writing of this department was nearly 
completed, and especially not till the subject of diabetes had been written; stiU 
I shall try it at once if a case comes under my care. 

3. Ergot in Diabetes Insipidus.— Dr. Saunders — St. Louis Couriei 
of Medicine — reports a case of diabetes insipidus successfully treated, with dram 
(small tea-spoon) doses three times a day of fl. ex. of ergot. The use of ergot 
was suggested by an article from Dr. Do Costa. 

Remarks. — These French physicians, are generally pretty certain of their 
facts, before they report their cases. 

4. Diabetes — Incontinence and Dribbling of Urine, Success- 
ful Remedy for. — After the foregoing matter upon diabetes had all been pre- 
pared, I saw a report of the very remarkable success of J. T. McClanahan, M.D., 
of Brownville, Mo., in the " Newer Materia Medica" of Pajke, Davis & Co., 
Detroit, Mich., especially upon diabetes, and incidentally upon the others above 
named, having been successful in both kinds of diabetes — mellitus, from mel, 
honey or sweet, — the kind that has sugar in the urine; and also in what is called 
insipidus, i. e., no sugar in the urine, and hence insipid or tasteless. This latter 
kind, however, has been, heretofore, much more readily cured than that with 
the sugar in the urine, but Dr. McClanahan, even in a case of this almost incur- 
able kind — diabetes mellitus — reports the following successful cure. He says: 

I. " My case was that of a woman aged 37, mother of children, who was 
completely inin down by large discharges of urine, general lassitude or weakness, 
(so that she had to give up housework,) pain in the back, considerable thirst, ap- 
petite variable, sometimes ravenous, and sometimes deficient, skin sallow and 
doughy, temperature 101 1^, slight cough, and occasional night sweats, loss of 
flesh, pulse little affected except when diarrhea was present for a few days, it 
would then present the usual feebleness and rapidity. I found the urine con 
tained sugar; specific gravity, 1.032. I gave the saturated iiuct. oi rhus 


aromatica, in J^ tea-spoonful doses every 4 hours, until she was under the 
Influence of the remedy, with a diminution of urine from the first day. The 
dose was lessened and the interval lengthened from week to week, and finally, 
in 3 months, the medicine was discontinued. In the meantime, strict dieting 
laws were observed, carefullj" avoiding such diet as favored the sugar forming 
process in the body. She being of a scrofulous diathesis (tending to scrofula), 
I gave cod liver oil with hypophosphite for some time after discontinuing the 
rhus aromatica. He continues by saying: 

" I have had the same results with two cases of diabetes insipidus under 
the same treatment ; and I am at present treating another case of diabetes mel- 
litus, a very interesting case, which I will report in a future article." 

II. Incontinence. — In incontinence of urine, whether from atony (weak- 
ness) of the muscular fiber, or irritation of the nervous fiber, which prevents 
normal (usual, healthy) distention of the bladder, it is applicable. 

III. Dribbling. — I have relieved several cases in which the person was 
unable to prevent a constant dribbling of urine; also, those cases 
in which the patient has no control over the urine whatever, will be promptly 
met by the action of the rhus aromatica. Dose — For adults in these cases of 
dribbling, or incontinence, he gave 10 drop doses only, 3 times daily. For chil- 
dren, strong tinct. rhus aromatica, ^2 o^. ; glycerine, li-^ ozs. Dose — One-half 
tea-spoonful 3 times a day; and when allowable, drop the |morning dose, then 
the noon, and when cured, stop all. But in all such cases have the child urinate, 
at once, when nature calls for it, even in the night, and especially before retir- 
ing in all cases. 

IV. For Summer Complaint of Children. — Dr. McClanahan, above named, 
reports the case of a little boy, with chronic diarrhea and dysentery, stools pale 
and thin, running from him like water; no particular pain, or fever. Pale and 
emaciated; limbs, trembling, scarcely able to stand alone; skin cool and bowels 
flabby. Gave tinct. rhus aromatica, i^ oz. Dose — Only 3 drops, in a little 
water, after each passage; with proper diet and care he recovered rapidly. 

V. A laborer, with chronic dysentery for two months, he gave: Tinct. rhus 
aromatica in doses of 10 drops, together with a boiled milk diet; made a com- 
plete recovery. He gives an account of cases where almost wholly the pas- 
sages were blood, equally successful in treatment; increasing to 15 drop doses, 
after each stool, with the boiled milk diet. And also many other cases of incon- 
tinence of urine, but these will suffice on this class of diseases. Then he 
comes to: 

VI. Uterine Hemorrhages, Menorrhagia ( profuse floicing) Leucorrhea, etc. 
—He first cautions against the frauds of some persons putting out bad articles, 
etc. But he thinks, and so does the author, that Park, Davis & Co., of Detroit, 
svill furnisli a genuine article of fluid extracts of the rhus aromatica, and if I 
failed with that, I would get the crude article of them, and make the strong 
tincture, as Dr. McClanahan had always used, up to the time of the foregoing 
reports. He was then called to a bad case of uterine hemorrhage, after an 
abortion; at least two quarts of blood lost; first gave a stimulant, then gave 
doses of 10 drops of the strong tincture rhus aromatica, every 15 minutes, and 


applied' to mouth of the womb, cloths wet in water with a fifth as much tino 
ture of rhus, gently kneading over the uterus until it contracted, and after two 
hours the hemorrhage ceased, and patient comfortable. Tlien directed the tinc- 
ture every hour, and left to call in 6 hours. Found her comfortable, removed 
the cotton without any more hemorrhage, improvement rapid, and recovery 
complete in 10 days; but there was a slight discharge during this time, for 
which he gave smaller doses, probably 5 or 6 drops, every 2 or 3 hours, as 

VII. Leucorrhea. — He uses the same tincture when there is a relaxed con- 
dition of the uterus, as in leucorrhea, and also hemorrhages from falls, blows, 

VIII. Hemorrhage From the^Kidneys. — For blood passed in the urine, mak- 
ing it dark, he prescribed: Tinct. rhus aromatica, J^oz. ; tinct. nux vomica, 15- 
drops; glycerine, 3 ozs. ; mix. Dose — A tea-spoonful 3 times a day. Mau 
able to be out in a week; good recovery. 

Remarks. — These last clauses are condensed from the doctor's report, giv- 
ing all that I deemed necessary to understand how, and when, and how much, 
to give of the remedy, not doubting that much good will arise from the further 
use and study of this article, of the " New Remedies." For, certainly, if it 
proves as successful in diabetes, which has been one of the incurables, in other 
hands, as it has in Dr. McClanahan's, and several other physicians whose reports 
were given in connection, it will be a great blessing to suffering humanity. The 
report was made in Vol. I, Parke, Davis & Co.'s "Newer Materia Medica," 
Detroit, Mich. 

Which. Also Weans One Prom its Use. — A writer to the "Household" 
of the Blade, in answer to an inquirer for such an antidote, says: " I herewith, 
eend you my prescription, which has never failed yet. Take the inner bark of 
the root of poplar or whitewood, and when your friend wants a chew of tobacco 
let him take a chew of this bark. If he will follow this for 3 weeks, I will 
guarantee he will not be troubled with a weak stomach or have any more desire 
for the filthy weed. " 

Remarks. — This being just the thing desired by many, let it have a fair 
trial, twice as long as the writer claims to be necessary, rather than fail. Not 
being a " chewer," I have not tested it. 

EMETIC — The Best in Use. — Lobelia and boneset {enpatorium per- 
foliatum, also called thoroughwort). each 3^ oz. ; infused or steeped in water, 1 
pt. Dose — Give one table-spoonful every 10 minutes until thorough emesi» 
(vomiting) has taken place. 

Remarks. — This is the best emetic in use, from the fact that it injures none, 
and will not continue its action any longer than you give it. It is necessary, 
therefore, to continue to give it until tlie contents of the stomach are thorouglily 
evacuated. This was the great favorite of Prof. I. G. Jones, one of the early 
Eclectics, who claimed it the best emetic in use. 

1. IMPOTENCY— Especial Tonic for. — Strychnine, 1 gr.; sul 
pirate of auinine CuhosDhatc of quinine is the best, but it is not kept by drug 


gists generally), 30 grs. ; tinct. of muriate of iron, J^ oz. •, glycerine, 4 ozs. 
Directions — Put the strychnine into a mortar and rub first, then the quinine 
also, and rub together a little, then put in the tincture of iron, and rub till all 
are dissolved, then rub in the glycerine, and bottle for use. Dose — Take 3^ 
tea-spoonful in a little water, 4 times daily, just before each meal and at bed- 
time. Shake well before taking. 

Remarks. — When the amount here given has been taken twice, take no 
more for two weeks, after which, should there be still further need for the 
tonic, do the same again as long as needed, whether it be a year, or more. It 
is much to be regretted that young persons, of both sexes, very frequently are 
led into evil habits by seeing others do the same, and too often by persuasion 
and instruction, which undermines their strength and vitality; and if long fol- 
lowed, destroys all happiness by what is called "loss of manhood "—the destruc- 
tion of the powers of nature, created for the wise purpose of continuing the 
existence of the human race ; it is also to be regretted that men, not to say 
women, even after marriage, are so excessive in their indulgences, that they also 
become equally prostrated. And, allow me to say, that while these evil prac- 
tices are continued there need be no expectations of cure. Stop them, and take 
the medicines necessary as long as needed, and a cure may be expected, with 
this drawback, however, — I care not what the evil habit may be, nor what the 
disease may be, if it is very long continued the same degree of health will never 
afterwards be obtained as that before indulgence or the disease — it is not in the 
nature of the human system, any more than it is for a tree to heal without leaving a 
scar or dead spot, although the bark may heal over after a piece has been 
knocked off, but there will be found always the dead spot underneath it; and 
although the spot may not be easily found by the physician when called to these 
old cases, the persons themselves will generally realize it as long as they live. 
Then, let every family of children be instructed against these evil habits, and 
every married person avoid all excesses. 

The tonic effects may be increased by taking the elixir of calisaya and iron 
after meals. This is kept by most druggists, and the directions as to dose, etc., 
found upon the bottle. Calisaya means Peruvian bark. The above treatment, 
with an occasional change to some of the following tonics, will be found 
valuable in spermatorrhea (loss of semen), as well as for all purposes of debility 
or disease needing a tonic. (See also. Female Debility, Tonics for, etc.) 

2. Tonic or Stimulant for Sexual Debility.— Tincture of iodine, 
20 drops; simple syrup, 4 ozs. Dose — Take 1 tea-spoonful 4 times daily, one 
being at bed-time. 

Remarks. — Even in these small doses. Prof. Scudder says, it stimulates and 
increases the power of the sexual organs. 

3. Tonic Tincture, etc., for Sexual Debility.— Geo. W. Horn- 
sher, M. D., of Fairfield, Ind., in answering several inquiries made through the 
Brief, gives the following plan, as being very satisfactory; and although I have 
not as yet tried this, I know it will be found valuable- 

" FeiTO cyanuret of potash, y^ oz. ; aq. bul (boiling water) 8 ozs. ; dissolve. 


tlien add glycerine, 1% ozs.' specific tinct. (fl. ex., I think, will do as well 
when the specific tinct. is not liept by druggists) of staphisagria, 1 dr. Dose — 
Take 1 tea-spoonful 3 times daily, and at bed-time have the patient take a 
sponge bath over the spine and hips, and give, on retiring, 10 grs. lupulin (I 
think B. Keith «& Co., of New York city, prepare the best lupulin in use) in a 
little cold water. Not only," he continues, "will this treatment relieve the 
discharge of semen, but will cure nine cases out of ten of sexual debility, by 
prohibiting sexual intercourse for 2 months, and giving these medicines that 
length of time; then suspending all drugs, with the exception of the lupulin 
at bed-time, and continuing the hip baths." 

Remarks. — Should not a cure be perfected in two months, I should say, go 
over the same treatment again, after two weeks' discontinuance, until a cure 
is accomplished, avoiding absolutely all tha causes which led to it in the first 
place. In these cases there is always an inflammatory condition of the ureter 
and other parts of the organs of generation; hence I have found that a 10 to 15 
drop dose of the fluid extract of gelsemium, in connection with the other treat- 
ment, at or near bed-time, will greatlj aid in overcoming this inflammatory 

4. Tonio Tincture for Impotency, Spermatorrhea, etc.— 

Dr. R. M. Griswold, of North Manchester, Ct., reports through the Brief, that 
he has made several quick cures of the above diseases with the following: 
Tincts. of nux vomica and cantharides, each 1 dr.; tinct. ferri-mur (muriated 
tinct. of iron), 3 drs. ; fl. ex. ergot, 1 oz. ; acidi phos. dil. (dilute phoshoric acid), 
3 drs. ; mix. [The author would say, double the amount, as it will be needed.] 
Dose — Thirty drops 04, tea-spoonful) in a wine-glass of water, 3 times daily. 

"Within the last six months," the doctor says, "I have treated several 
cases of the above diseases with uniform success, a radical cure being effected 
In each case. Two cases occurred in young men of about 20 years of age, 
resulting from masturbation; one case, following gonorrhea; the fourth case, a 
married man, was the result of excessive indulgence; and three other cases, 
where the search for the direct cause was unsuccessful, yet the same treatment 
was successful." 

Remarks. — He'required abstinence from all stimulants (liquors) and condi- 
ments (high-seasoned food), using light but nourishing food, especially milk, 
eggs, fish; sleeping on a hard bed, and in a cold, well-ventilated room; total 
avoidance of all sexual excitement and all undue exertion of strength By ob- 
serving the foregoing, the success was satisfactory. 

Tlie only apology I have to offer for the introduction of this class of reme- 
dies, for the above diseases, is a positive knowledge that such conditions 
are found throughout the country — I mean the whole United States and Domin- 
ion of Canada, and, I have not a doubt, of all other countries — and also a 
knowledge that those who have need of such remedies have so great a delicacy 
in going to home physicians, they either put off treatment too long, or are so 
egregiously humbugged by advertising quacks that I have felt compelled to come 
to their relief, as well as tliose troubled only witli tlie common, or ordinary, 
diseases affecting the health of the people. Faithful attention in taking the 


medicines, and the avoidance of all the causes leading to these difficulties, with 
care also as to diet, etc., will ensure success, with but trifling expense as com 
pared with the charges of those who can cure, at most, but few of the cases 
they succeed in obtaining through their advertisements. I will close this sub- 
ject with the following: 

5. Tonic Pill for Sexual Debility.— Dr. Benj. A. Penn, of Bry- 
antsburg, Ind., gives a valuable pill for sexual debility, in the May number of 
the Brief of 1883. "Strychnine, 3 grs. ; sulphate of quinine (phosphate is 
best, if it can be obtained) 120 grs. ; iron by hydrogen, 120 grs. ; mix thoroughly 
and make into 240 pills. Dose — Take 1 pill every 6 hours during the day; 
and after the system becomes used to them take 1 every 4 hours." 

Remarks. — The only change I would suggest in this pill is that the quinine 
should be doubled in amount, or one grain to each pill, as 1 think this would 
greatly increase its tonic power. 

BORAX— Its Value in Catarrh, Throat Difficulties, Inflamed 
Eyes, Dandruff, etc. — I. A solution of 1 dr. to soft water, % pt., snuffed 
up into the nostrils, is valuable in catarrhal difficulties; if recent, it will effect a 
cure. Use 3 times daily ; though I must say I think it is easier taken in pow 
der, as a snuff, and better too, taken 5 to 10 times daily. I combine sugar, J^^ 
dr., with powdered borax, 1 oz. ; and put in a few drops of white rose perfume, 
as a snuff; and if the throat is sore, drop a pinch of it into the throat at each 
time of snuffing. It soon benefits both difficulties. 

II. The same strength makes a good wash for weak inflamed eyes. 

III. Use as a gargle, in recent affections of the throat. 

IV. It makes a valuable wash for the head if troubled with dandruff, leav- 
ing the hair soft and glossy. 

V. In nervous headaches, wash the head with it two or three times as 
strong, then wash out with cool, clear water, rubbing well with the towel, and 
take a nap, and generally all headache will subside, and. the patient be much 
refreshed. After washing the head in this way it will be very proper to use 
the magic headache cure, as there directed, which see. 

VI. In erysipelas, a writer in the Philadelphia Medical Times says, from 8 
years experience, he has found a solution of borax in glycerine, 1 dr. to 1 oz., 
to be a remarkably effective remedy, to be locally appfied on linen. In connec- 
tion with this borax solution upon the inflamed part, I would give 5 to 10 
drops of muriated tincture of iron, every 4 or 5 hours, internally, when a cure 
may be expected in 2 or 3 to 6 days. If it irritates the stomach, or causes too 
much flow of urine, lessen the dose, or lengthen the time between them. (See 
also erysipelas, where the treatment may be preferable.) 

VII. As a shampoo, once or twice a week, it will be valuable for every- 
one; but for students, clergymen and others who have considerable 
mental work, it will be found especially valuable, after the labors of 
the day, rubbing and drying the hair and head well, before retiring. 
The powdered borax is readily dissolved, and a small tea-spoonful to a 
tumbler of water makes all ready for general purposes. If there is any 
inflammation of the gums, rinse them with it 3 or 4 times daily. 


VIII. For clothes washing, in Holland, Belgium and France the washer- 
Women and washer-men (for in some of these countries the men d« a good 
share of the washing) use a large handful of refined (powdered) borax; being a 
neutral salt (having no excess of acid or alkali) it does not injure the clothing at 
all, but softens the hardest water, or at least materially improves it for washing 
purposes. Many people use ammonia for most of the purposes here named, 
but the borax is generally preferable. 

1. NIGHT SWEATS— Remedy for.— Dr. Charies D. Carpenter 
reports a case through the Medical Brief, of St. Louis, wherein he was attending 
a "medical" friend, suffering with rheumatism, which continued 7 weeks (I 
have heard of a case wherein the celebrated Abernethy, of England, was asked 
what should be taken for rheumatism, and the answer was, " Take six weeks," 
— in other words, there was no cure, but it would get well in that time). In 
this case, after the acute stage had passed, recovery was retarded by terribly 
prostrating night sweats, and after trying half a dozen or more of the common 
remedies for them, at the suggestion of the " medical " friend, he gave 2 full 
doses of chloral dydrate. When the patient was fully under the influence of 
the chloral the sweating ceased and returned uo more, the patient making a 
rapid recovery. He afterwards tested it in a number of obstinate cases of night 
sweats, and with uniform success. Dose — A full dose may be put down as 15 
grs. for a large man; 8 to 10 grs. for a large woman; repeating or giving the 
second 2 hours after, dissolved in water, say a wine-glassful or }^ of a common 
tumblerful. I should not give beyond the 2 doses. It has been given in much 
larger doses, but it is not best to run any risk, unless absolutely necessary in 
great and long-continued pain or nervousness arising from delirium tremens, etc. 

Remarks. — If it is good for night sweats arising from rheumatism, it is 
good for them arising from consumption, or any other prostrating disease. 
Further, it is very probable that one of Dr. Carpenter's obstinate cases above 
mentioned was a consumptive; although he does not say what they were, it is 
enough to know it is good for this symptom. It matters not, then, what the 
disease is in which they are present. 

2. Night Sweats, Consumption, Spitting Blood and Diabetes, 
Valuable Remedy for. — Bugle weed {Lycopus Virginicus), also known as 
Paul's betonia and water hoarhound; the tincture or fluid extract has been found 
valuable remedy in all the diseased conditions above named. Prof. Scudder 
uses it in all chronic diseases when the pulse is too frequent and the debility 
considerable, for, as it lessens the pulse — which it does — so also it increases it in 
strength, acting, as he believes, through the sympathetic system of nerves, im- 
proving the circulation, the appetite, blood-making, nutrition, and the secretions. 
In consumption, he says: " We find it relieving the cough, checking the night 
sweats and the diarrhea, lessening the frequency of the pulse, improving the 
apppetite and giving better digestion. It has been used more in hemoptysis 
(spitting of blood) than in any other disease, its action being slow but certain." 
— Scudder's Specefic Medication. 

Prof. I. J. M. Goss, of Marietta, Ga., author of " Materia-Medica and 
rherapeutics," in his " New Medicines," says, among other things, that he has 


had it — the lycopus — to arrest hemoptysis (spitting blood) in a few hours, when it 
was profuse and alarming. It seems to control the vascular excitement (excite- 
ment of circulation) in a manner peculiar to itself. 

This, however, I do not look upon as at all singular — all remedies have 
their own peculiar action, and none of us can tell why, and in but few circum- 
stances can we tell how ; but it is enough for it to be known, they do it. 

Prof. Goss further says, that it is also a valuable remedy in the treatment of 
diabetes insipidus (when the urine is tasteless) and sachanna (the urine contain- 
ing sugar), and in chronic coughs, with profuse expectoration. 

The dose of the infusion is 1 to 2 ozs. (3 to 4 table-spoonfuls), and the dose 
of the fl. ext. is 1 to 3 drs. (tea-spoonful). 

Whe7'e It Grows, When to be Gathered, etc. — It grows over large portions 
of the United States. Has a small purplish flower through July and 
August, when it should be gathered, dried in the shade and carefully kept 
in paper sacks, for each year's use, as age injures it. It yields its strength to 
boiling water, 1 oz. to the pint of river or rain water — giving 1 to 3 ozs. , which 
would be 2 to 4 table-spoonfuls, as a dose. None of these writers say how often 
it should be given, hence I would say, 4 to 6 times within the day and evening, 
as found to agree with the stomach and the action desired. It is not poisonous 
nor dangerous. See "Diabetes" for diet, etc., in that disease. 

Prof. King, of Cincinnati, in his " American Dispensatory," in his explana- 
tion of the uses of the bugle weed {lyeojms), after corroborating its uses in 
the diseases above named, adds: " It acts somewhat like digitalis, in reducing 
the velocity of the pulse, but it is devoid of the dangerous effects resulting from 
the use of that drug, and hence has proved useful in som* Veart affections. It 
is decidedly beneficial in the treatment of diabetes, having cured when all other 
means were useless; and has been of service in chronic diarrhea and dysentery, 
inflammatory diseases of drunkards, diseases of the heart, and intermittents 
(agues). " 

Dose of the powder, from 1 to 3 drs. (1 to 3 small tea-spoonfuls); of the 
infusion, 2 to 4 fl. ozs. (from 4 to 8 table-spoonfuls), and of the concentrated 
tinct. of the recent plant (tinct. made with 8 ozs. of the bruised plant to 1 pt. of 
diluted alcohol), from 5 to 60 minims (drops). 

Thus it is seen, the bugle weed is a very valuable remedy. Especially is it 
worthy of a fair trial in the coughs and prostrating night sweats of consump. 
tion, as well as in all the other diseases mentioned. 

PILES (Hemorrhoids) — Bleeding or Only Tumors, Some 
Remarkable Remedies for. — Stephen Adams, M. D., of "West Newfield, 
Me., in answer to a call in the Medical Brief, oi St. Louis, Mo., for hemorrhoids 
(piles), says: "I use a remedy which I have used a long time, and which has 
cured every case where it has been used. Mix citrine ointment and rosinous 
dintment (both kept by druggists), about equal parts; put a few grs. on a piece 
of paper, rub on and about the anus (rectum) 3 or 4 times a week, at night. It 
will stop the hemorrhage (bleeding), and soon discus (drive away or scatter) the 
tumor. You need no knife or caustic. Should the bowels incline to constipa- 
tion, use, 3 or 3 times a week, % gr. solid ex. of belladonna, and some gentle laX' 


ative (as cream of tartar, sulphur, magnesia, etc. , or the pile laxative below), or, 
if possible, a better plan is to keep the bowels regular by proper diet and 

Remarks. — This would be considered a pretty good thing, without other 
testimony or corroboration ; but in accordance with my general custom, although 
I have not had a bad case on which to try it, yet as others have, and are reported 
through the Brief above named, I will quote from one more of them. G. A. 
Graham, M. D., of White Hall, N. C, June 18, 1880, page 318 of that year, 
says: "Being a sufferer from hemorrhoids myself, I was especially interested 
in the many articles which appeared in the Bnef, for the cure of this trouble 
without the knife. I concluded to try citrine and rosinous ointment, recom- 
mended by Dr. Stephen Adams; I only used it twice last November, and have 
not suffered once since. Four weeks since, an old man came to me 
for treatment, who had piles for forty years, in which time he tried 
any number of doctors and remedies, without any marked benefit. I did not 
care to treat his case with ointment alone, but, as he refused any more radical 
procedure (as the knife or ligature), I gave him, as an experiment, a little of 
Adams' ointment; he reports a wonderful relief. The tumor, which was two 
Inches in length, and nearly as hard as a bone, almost entirely disappeared, caus- 
ing no pain, no hemorrhage (bleeding), and leaving him like a nevf man. I write 
this hoping that others may be induced to try this remedy and report." 

2. Piles, Laxative for. — The inquiry for the best medical treatment 
for the cure of hemorrhoids, or piles, which brought out the above and many 
others also, was made by Dr. Hendien, of Nicholasville, Ky., among which 
was the following, by Clarence H. Clark, M. D., of Haverhill, N. H. I give 
It, because I think it valuable as a laxative in these cases, rather than with an 
expectation of its making an absolute cure, although Dr. Clark says of it: 
" "What I think to be the best remedy is the following recipe, which I have 
thoroughljr tested. Jalap, confection of senna, bitartrate of potassa (cream of 
tartar) and sulphur, each 3 drs. ; nitrate of potassa (purified saltpetre) 20 grs. 
(all in powder); syrup of tolu, sufficient to make a soft mass. Dose — A pill 
the size of an ordinary bean or small chestnut, 3 times a day, before meals; or 
sufficient amount to produce a gentle movement of the bowels; continue till the 
bowels become regular and natural." 

Remarks. — This will, however, be found quite efficient as a laxative; and 
also an alterative of considerable value. The fig remedy below is an excellent 
laxative also, for piles, and I think more curative in itself . (See "Bleeding 
Piles, Laxative for, etc.") 

3. Piles, Simple Bemedy for Tumors in.— E Parsons, M. D., 
of Savannah, Ga., gave the following. He says: " For many years I was very 
much troubled with piles, the tumors often being as large as a walnut and very 
painful. I tried many remedies with only temporary benefit; three years ago I 
prepared the following: Glycerine, 1 oz. ; carbolic acid dissolved in the least 
water that will dissolve it, 20 drops; mix. At night, on going to bed, I washed 
the parts in cold water, and with my fingers I annointed the parts. In one 


week's time, six applications cured me, and I have had no return since of this 
very troublesome disease. I have recommended it to quite a number of my 
friends, who tell me it has cured them." 

4. Piles, Cured by a Simple Internal Remedy.— Another writer 
claims to have cured piles of long standing by taking a tea-spoonful of glycer- 
ine, hvice daily, only. 

5. Bleeding Piles, Valuable Laxative and Cure for. — A 
nephew of mine, who had been troubled considerably with piles, gave me the 
following recipe which had done him much good. He said it was " going the 
rounds of the newspapers," as we often hear remarked. It was as follows: 
"Take nice soft figs, 1 lb.; best powdered senna, 2 ozs. ; manna and fennel 
seed, each 1 oz. Directions — Trim oil the stems, flower end and other hard 
and dry spots, if any, from the figs; then chop them in a chopping-bowl, to a 
salvy consistency, and mi.x in the other ingredients with the hand, using a little 
molasses, if necessary, to work all in nicely and evenly. Then put into a tin 
box, and put a moistened cloth over the top, and ccver tightly, for use. And 
if no fennel seed are to be had, anise seed or caraway seed may be used in 
their place. The seed, whichever may be used, are a carminative, to prevent 
griping from the action of the senna; whichever is preferred, as to taste, may 
be used. Dose — Take a piece the size of a common hickory nut, at bed-time, 
to move the bowels next day; and continue to take such a sized piece every 
night, or every other night, as will keep the bowels easy, or soluble, until cured. 
If there is griping to any extent, use half as much more of whichever seed 
was used. Additional flavor might be used, if desired, a little oil of pepper- 
mint or wintergreen, as both are highly carminative." 

Remarks. — This was claimed to have been very effectual in bleeding piles, 
as well as where only tumors were present. 

6. Piles, Simple Laxative for.— Confection of senna, 2 ozs.; cream 
of tartar and sulphur, each 1 oz. ; syrup of ginger, enough to make a thick 
paste; mix well. Dose — Take a piece the size of a medium sized nutmeg, 
every bed-time, or sufficiently often to keep the bowels lax or loose. That is, 
in piles, the bowels must be kept easy, as the soreness of the parts do not admit 
ot strain without causing great suffering to the patient. With this laxative, or 
the one before it, the tendency to costiveness can easily be avoided. Dr. War- 
ren, in his "Household Physician," says this is one of the very best laxatives 
for piles. 

7. Piles, Lead Ointment for.— Rub well together, lard, 2 drs.; sul- 
phur, 1 dr. Then rub it between two plates of lead, or large flat pieces of lead, 
until the whole is well blackened. Dr. Warren says: " It is not only soothing 
but curative, both in bleeding and blind piles (where no tumors come down). 
The food should be of a laxative nature — corn bread, rye mush, bread of un 
bolted flour (Graham), mealy potatoes, ripe fruit, pudding and milk, buckwheat 
cakes, broths, and a little tender meat once a day." 

Remarks. — When the digestion and circulation are good, there never aro 
any piles. So keep the digestion and circulation good and have no piles, is tha 


author's advice. But as many persons will still have them, I will give a recipe 
for a suppository for intruducing into the rectum, which W. M. Bemus, of 
Jamestown, N. Y., tells us through the Brief, in answer to an Inquiry, he has 
for some time used with marked success, and as it is also good for " enlarged 
prostrate," will be found doubly valuable. It is as follows: 

8. Piles and Enlarged Prostate, Suppository for. — I. For 
the Piles. — Iodoform, 30 grs. ; solid ext. of hyoscyamus, 18 grs. ; cocoa butter, 
or spermaceti, sufficient to make into suppositories — 6 in number; and intro- 
duce one into the rectum night and morning. 

II. For the Enlarged Prostate. — This suppository, with the addition of 
solid ext. of belladonna, in the proportion of one-half gr. to each suppository, 
is a very satisfactory mode of treatment for enlarged prostrate. 

Remarks. — Although the description is sufficient for physicians, for whom, 
as before remarked, the Bnef is published, to understand the treatment of 
enlarged prostate, it is not so for the people for whom, especially, this work 
is published; therefore, the author will explain, by saying, the "prostate" is a 
gland In the male, lying immediately in front of and below the neck of the 
bladder, across, as it were, and upon the ureter just at the entrance into the 
bladder; hence its enlargement causes a pressure upon the urethra or water pas- 
sage from the bladder, making it difficult to pass the urine, and sometimes pre- 
venting it wholly, except by passing a catheter to evacuate the contents of the 
bladder. Then, of course, it lies so near the rectum, into which the suppository 
is to be introduced for enlarged prostrate, the same as it would be for piles; and 
I have not a doubt that it will be found very satisfactory for this difficulty. 
Knowing the importance of understanding, as perfectly as possible, anything I 
desire to do myself, I try, at least, to make everything as plain as possible for 
the people, for whom I have given a life time of serWce, and, I trust, have done and 
may continue, through my books, to do a good many years after my tongue 
and pen have ceased their labors. This, to me, is the grandest thought of my 
life — I have done what I could — to benefit mankind. 

9. Piles, Common or Bleeding— Bleeding of the Nose, Womb, 
Wounds, etc. Remedy for. — Samuel Wimpelbcrg, M. D., of Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. , writing to the Medical Bulletin on the subject of piles (of course 
called hemorrhoids by the doctors), says: " There are numerous remedies recom- 
mended for the cure of hemorrhoids, and I have tried many; but I can safely 
say that not one in the whole Pharmacopoeia (whole range of medical books) 
has given me results half as favorable as the persulphate of iron. [Monsel's 
salts is the common name, and I will use it in this connection.] 

" In cases known ordinarily as bleeding piles it acts promptly and posi- 
tively, thus giving the best results. In such cases the dose should be Monsel's 
salts, 13^ grs., ter in die (3 times daily), internally, and the following ointment, 
applied locally: Simple ointment, 1 oz. ; Monsel's salts, 12 grs. ; mix and apply 
night and morning. I have known hemorrhoidal tumors, the result of preg- 
nancy, to disappear entirely in less than a week on the application of the inter- 
nal use of Monsel's salts, as directed above. 

"Piles, the result of violent efforts at stool (to force a passage), disappear 


promptly by combining the internal use of the powder and the local use of the 
ointment. In this connection I would also mention that in proctocele (a species 
of piles in which the mucous membrane of the rectum, or intestine, comes 
down with every passage), a most satisfactory result can be obtained from the 
internal use of the per sulph of iron (Monsel's salt), in doses of 2 grs. 3 times 
daily, besides the local application of the ointment." 

10. Hemorrhage of the Lungs, Nose, Womb, etc.— The Mon- 
sel's salts being so prompt and positive in closing piles, the author cannot see 
why it would not be equally prompt in bleeding from the organs above named; 
still, I know that the fluid extract of ergot and tannic acid combined, say, fl. 
ex. of ergot, 1 oz. ; tannic acid, 180 grs. ; mix. Dose — Take 3^ tea-spoonful 
every 2 hours, if the hemorrhage is moderate, or if more free, repeat once or 
twice only, 1 hour apart, then once in 3 or 4 hours, according to the severity of 
the case. I have used this latter in hemorrhage from the womb, with success, 
and hence know its value for all these purposes, using friction over the womb, 
occasionally, until it contracts, and thus ends the hemorrhage. 

Remarks. — In speaking of the uses of Monsel's salts. King, in his "Dis- 
pensatory," says: "The action of this salt on blood and albumen (albumen 
forms a part of the blood) is powerful ; with the former it produces a volumin- 
ous clot, absolutely insoluble, which continues to enlarge for several hours 
after its application, and becomes quite hard and firm. Dr. H. H. Tolland, of 
San Francisco, Cal., who has successfully used this salt says: ' If applied to a 
superficial (surface) wound, as soon as made not a drop of blood escapes, and 
no pain results from the application. It acts by producing instantaneous coag- 
ulation (thickening) of the blood, and will be found invaluable in hemorrhages 
from the mouth, nose and throat, when it is impossible to ligate (tie) the vessel, 
and may be equally eflicacious in alarming uterine (womb) hemorrhages, 
either active or passive. [That is profuse or slight hemorrhages from the 
womb.] In solution, it could be readily applied; it is very deliquescent (dis- 
solves quickly in the air), and dissolves speedily in water.' " 

Remarks. — Pill form is the easiest way to take this Monsel's salt, or per- 
sulphate of iron, as it has an unpleasant, astringent taste in solution; still the 
solution is the quickest to act, in case of profuse or active hemorrhages. In 
wounds or ulcerative sores the powder may be sprinkled into them, or in cuts with 
much hemorrhage. It is the same powder that Dr. T. B. King, of Toledo, O., 
used in curing an ulcerated erysipelatious sore leg, on a woman in Detroit, 
Mich. , after the doctors said nothing could help her. As in that item remarked, 
he applies it, and so have I, to the mouth of the womb, when ulcerated, with 
great success. Mind, however, it is iron, and stains clothing; so protect them. 

ABSCESS. — An abscess is the collection of pus or matter in the sub- 
stance of some part of the body. When the matter is poured out from some 
part, the process is said to be suppuration; when it collects in a tissue, it is an 
abscess. When the matter collecting in some organ, comes toward the surface, 
and a place in the centre rises above the surrounding skin, and turns white, the 
abscess is said to point. Some abscesses point and break in a week; others of a 
more chronic character, will linger on for months. 


Treatment. — "When the abscess is completely formed, and there is no 
longer any doubt of the presence of matter, it should be opened at once. To 
let out the confined pus alleviates the pain and lessens the inflammation. If 
the matter lie close to the bone, the opening should be made without delay. 
The opening should be large enough to let the matter out freely. It is a rule 
to keep the incision open till the cavity of the abscess is so far filled up that 
another collection of pus is not likely to occur. 

If the matter do not readily get to the surface through the opening, it 
may burrow itself in the flesh, in a long narrow channel called a sinus. To 
relieve this the opening must be extended in such a way as to give vent to the 
new collection. 

An abscess is sometimes indisposed to heal at the bottom, and pus continue; 
to be formed a long time, and is discharged through an opening smaller than 
the sack which contains it. This is a fistula; and the opening to it should be 
enlarged so as to let out the matter more freely. A little soft lint may then be 
gently pressed into the wound to prevent its healing before the cavity below. 

An abscess from acute inflammation requires to be poulticed for a time 
after it has been opened. "When the swelling and inflammation are gone, the 
poultices are to be laid aside, and a bandage put on. "When the inflammation 
is gone, let the diet be improved; and if the discharge of matter be large, give 
wine and tonics. 

like any other organ, is liable to defective nutrition, and in consequence of it, 
may become small; it shrinks in some cases to the size of an infant's heart. 

The complaint is generally caused by whatever reduces the general flesh, as 
in consumption, diabetes, chronic dysentery, cancer, and excessive loss of 

It can hardly be called a disease. Persons who have it are less subject to 
inflammatory diseases than others, though they faint from slight causes, and 
have nervous affections. 

Treatment. — If its causes can be discovered, treat them; if not, the treat- 
ment should be the same as for dilatation. 

DELIRIUM TREMENS. — This is often mistaken for brain fever; 
but it is quite a different disease. It is not the result of inflammation of the 
brain, but of irritation. It is important to distinguish it from inflammation, 
because the remedies which are employed for that would be injurious if used 
for this. 

Treatment. — Opium and its preparations are the sovereign remedies. 
Give 3^ of a grain of morphia; if this does not quiet the patient, give 30 drops 
of laudanum every two hours, till sleep is produced. Sleep will cure him, 
and nothing else will. A draught or two of his accustomed drink, brandy, 
gin, or whatever it may be, will also generally dispose him to sleep. 

Recently, a very effectual remedy has been found in the use of tepKl beths, 
prolonged from four to ten hours, in connection with cold applications to the 
head. In connection with this, small doses of opium are required; out l^** 


treatment may yet prove to be very valuable by enabling us to dispense with 
excessive doses of opium. 

PAINTING. — TuEATMENT.— Lay the patient upon the back, with the 
head low; let fresh air into the room instantly, and apply gentle friction. 
Sprinkle a little cold water upon the face, and hold spirits of camphor, ether, 
hartshorn, or vinegar to the nose, — rubbing a little of the spirits of camphor 
upon the forehead, and about the nostrils. As soon as the patient can swallow, 
give a tea-spoonful of compound spirits of lavender, with 10 drops of water 
of ammonia in it. 

Persons subject to fainting should not go into crowded assemblies where 
the air is bad; neither should they wear tight dresses, or allow themselves to 
get excited. Cold bathing, a well regulated diet, and vegetable tonics, will do 
much to break up the habit. 

Remarks. — Whatever causes debility, particularly of the nervous system, 
will predispose to fainting. Persons much weakened by disease, faint easily — 
especially when they attempt to stand still. When on their feet, such persons 
should keep moving. Fainting is sometimes induced by sudden surprises and 
emotions, by violent pains, by the sight of human blood, and by irritation of 
the coats of the stomach by indigestible food. 

GALL STONES. — Treatment. — To reduce the spasm, give Dover's 
powder in full doses, or chlorodine. Also apply mustard over the right 
hypochondrium and stomach, and follow it with hot fomentations with hops, 
or use wet cups. 

If the stomach is irritable, give the neutralizing mixture until it moves 
the bowels. A warm infusion of thorough wort, given to the extent of pro- 
ducing vomiting, will sometimes do well, and lobelia enough with it to relax 
the duct may be useful. 

To relieve the acidity on which the formation of these stones so often 
depends, the following neutralizing preparation may be given for a long time, 
the diet, in the meantime, being well regulated: Rhubarb, pulverized, % oz. ; 
spearmint herb., pulv., 3^oz. ; pulv. cascarilla, J^ oz. ; pulv. bicarbonate of 
potassa, J^ oz. ; pulv. wild cherry bark, i^ oz. Mix, and pour on one quart 
of hot water. Let this stand till cold, and add }4, pint of brandy. Dose — 
Half a wine-glassful. The sponge bath, with saleratus and water, should be 
taken daily, followed by brisk rubbing; and free exercise in the open air 
should on no account be omitted. 

PLEUBISY. — Treatment. — As a general thing I am opposed to bleed- 
ing, and am even reluctant to recommend it in pleurisy. Yet if there is a 
human ailment which will justify it, pleurisy is that one. 

Sweating should be encouraged immediately. The compound tincture of 
Virginia snake root, given every half hour, in tea-spoonful doses, will gener- 
ally produce a free perspiration, and give immediate relief. It may be givenf 
in infusion of catnip, balm, or pleurisy root. At the same time, the affected 
side should be fomented with hops, tansy, wormwood, etc., applied very hot. 


If this does not afford relief, or only partial relief, give an emetic of the com- 
pound powder of lobelia, and follow it with the compound powder of jalap, 
or the compound powder of leptandrin, or prescription as physic: Pulverized 
gamboge, 12 grs. ; pulverized scammony, 12 grs. ; elaterium, 2 grs. ; croton oil, 
8 drops; ex. of stramonium, 3 grs. Mix. Make 12 pills. One pill is a dose, 
repeated every hour until it operates. At the same time keeping up the per- 
spiration, with full doses of tincture of veratrum. 

To produce sleep and perspiration at the same time, Dover's powder may 
be given in 6 grain doses. 

For the fever, nothing is equal to the tincture of veratrum viride. 

The diet must be of the very lightest kind. 

"When absorption of the fluid does not take place, a puncture is sometimes 
made through the walls of the chest, and the water drawn off. This operation 
is called paracentesis thoracis, and is generally, in uncomplicated cases, entirely 
successful. When this is not done, let the affected side be painted daily with 
tincture of iodine, keeping up considerable soreness, and giving iodide of 
potassium at the same time. 

Fluid ex. of sarsaparilla, 4 ozs. ; fluid ex. of pipsissewa, 1 oz.; water, 1 
qt. ; iodide of potassium 2 ozs. Mix. Take a table spoonful 3 times a day. 

RICKETS. — This is also a disease of scrofulous children. By some bad 
process of nutrition in such children, there does not enough phosphate of lime 
enter into the bones to harden them, and the weight of the body, or the pulling 
of the muscles, or the pressure of the clothing, bends and distorts them in all 
manner of ways. The heads of the thigh bones are pushed nearer together 
making the lower belly narrower, the backbone is so curved as to lessen the 
height; the shoulder blades stand up like wings when flying is contemplated; 
and the shoulders are so lifted up that the head seems only a little higher than 
the elevations on each side. 

Treatment. — A good, generous, wholesome diet, properly regulated; out 
door exercise; the tepid or cold salt water sponge bath, with friction, and but 
little medicine. The hypophosphite of lime, in 2 gr. doses, given in a little 
sweetened water, 3 times a day, or the syrup of the hypophosphites, in }/^ 
tea-spoonful doses, 3 times a day, may be given with advantage. 

SHINGLES. — Treatment. — Light diet and gentle laxatives. If the 
patient be advanced in life, and feeble, the following tonic will be desirable: 

1. Bicarbonate of soda, J^ oz. ; compound infusion of gentian, 4 ozs.; 
tincture of Colombo, 1 oz. ; syrup of orange peel, J^ oz. Mix. Take a table- 
epoonful 3 times a day. 

For external application- 

2. White Vitriol, 1 dr.; rose water, 3 ozs. Mix. Apply outwardly. 
Or the following ointments: 

3. Sulphuret of lime, 1 dr.; camphor in powder, 15 grs.; lard, 1 oz. 
Make an ointment. 

4. Elder-flower ointment, 1 oz. ; oxide of zinc, 1 dr. Make an ointment. 



The following strong purgative injection will often bring immediate relief: 

1. Castor oil, 3 ozs.; tinct. of prickly ash bark, % oz. ; comp. tinct. of 
Virginia snake root, 2 drs. ; infusion of boneset and senna, equal parts, '^/^ pt. 

2. Sweet tinct. of rhubarb, 4 ozs.; bicarbonate of soda, 2 drs. Mix. 
From a tea-spoonful to a table-spoonful, as occasion may require. This, with 
a few drops of tincture of cayenne mixed with it, will often bring speedy 
relief. So will a mustard poultice laid upon the stomach. The mustard 
poultice is a remedy of great excellence in many cases. It deserves to be called 
the poor man's friend. 

Remarks. — Though generally of shorter duration, this is more violent than 
heartburn. It is attended by a sense of fullness, by anxiety, and by great 
restlessness. In females hysterical symptoms are often coupled with it. 
Great quantities of air or a gas are generally expelled, and the pain shoots 
through to the back and shoulders. 

TYPHOID PNEUMONIA. — Treatment.— This should be like the 
treatment of pneumonia and typhoid fever united. Great care must be taken 
not to use reducing remedies. While active purging must not be used, yet if 
there are symptoms of an inactive state of the bowels, the following may be 

1. Leptandrin, 1 dr. ; podophyllin, 1 scruple; scutillarine, 2 drs. ; pulv. 
cayenne, 1 scruple; pulv. loaf sugar, 4 ozs. Rub together for some time in a 
mortar. Dose — For an adult, -^^ of the above. 

2. Leptandrin, 30 grs. ; podophyllin, 10 grs. ; pulv. cayenne, 10 grs. ; 
ext. nux vomica, 6 grs. ; quinine, 12 grs. Mix. Make 24 pills. One, two, or 
three times a day. 

When there are symptoms of great depression, use the following tonics: 

3. Podophyllin, 4 grs. ; leptandrin, 8 grs. ; quinine, 8 grs. ; ext. nux 
vomica, 2 grs. Mix. Make 16 pills. One, two, or three pills, at bed-time. 

4. Pulverized Peruvian bark, 1 oz. ; pulv. rhubarb, J^ dr. ; pulv. muriate 
of ammonia, 1 dr. Mix. Divide into eight powders. Take 1 three times a 

5. Aromatic syrup of rhubarb, 1 oz. ; tinct. of Colombo, 1 oz. Mix. 
Dose — Two tea-spoonfuls 3 times a day. Taking care to keep the cough 
loose by flaxseed, slippery elm, and marshmallow tea, and by some external 

CHILDREN, MANAG-EMENT OP. — 1. Diet. — Between the 
period of weaning and the seventh year the diet should consist very much of 
farinaceous food, and milk; with a moderate allowance of animal food once 
or twice a week. 

2. Bowels.— To keep the bowels of children in a healthy and regular 
state, is a matter of the utmost consequence. They are too apt to neglect the 
calls of nature, not being aware of the importance of regularity in this respect. 



3. Sleep. — Children generally take a great deal of rough and boisterous 
bodily exercise ; and during their education, their minds too are pretty much 
employed; all which occasions considerable exhaustion, so that it seems quite 
proper to allow them a due share of sleep, from eight to nine or ten hours at 
least. But it should be at sleeping time; and they should not be allowed to 
doze and saunter during their waking hours. 

4. Clothing. — Children should have their dress accommodated to the 
season; and a due degree of warmth should be kept up. It is wrong to expose 
them to cold in order to harden them; but a proper degree of exercise in the 
cold air should be taken. The great evils to be avoided are, cold accompanied 
with moisture, and any check to perspiration; which boys too often sustain, by 
throwing themselves down on the moist ground, when heated by their games. 
Flannel next the skin need not be ordered for healthy children; but where there 
is much tendency to catch cold, or to have loose bowels, or continual paleness 
of the skin, and weakness of the system, it will be prudent to make children 
wear flannel. Much care should be taken to have the feet always warm and 
dry; and to make them change their shoes as well as their clothes, whenever 
they get wet. 

5. Cleanliness. — Children should very early be taught the necessity 
and importance of cleanliness. They should be made to keep their hair, their 
teeth, and nails in good order, as it not only promotes their own health and 
comfort, but renders them agreeable t» all around them. It is of the utmost 
consequence to keep the skin very clean, as this tends to prevent many of the 
cutaneous diseases which are so common with children, but which are so dis- 
gusting. Washing with cold water about the chest will lessen the susceptibility 
to cold; and about the feet, will strengthen them, and render them less liable to 
chilblains. Sea-bathing and swimming in safe places, are excellent both for 
health and cleanliness. Cleanliness is not without a degree of moral influence, 
and has been very properly styled one of the minor virtues. 

6. Exercise. — Children when in tolerable health, and not of an indolent 
disposition, seldom require to be urged to take exercise; they are rather inclined 
to take it too much, and too violently, and need a little regulation and superin- 
tendance in this respect. The practice of gymnastics or dancing is a good 
exercise; and girls should use the skippi'ng ropes. When out of doors, children 
should be allowed to choose their own amusements, and interfered with only 
when they are in danger of doing anything unbecoming, or hurtful to them- 
selves or their companions. Even girls should have ample scope in their play- 
time, and their own sense of propriety, will soon enough correct any tendency 
to improper romping; their health will be promoted, and their figure expand; 
and it is better to posses a sound constitution and an active frame, than to be 
celebrated for proficiency in drawing or music, before the age of twelve or 

Moral Treatment. — We charge upon nature many of the bad passions 
which we ourselves implant in children. The moral treatment of children is 
generally bad. We are apt to begin by either making them our masters or our 
slaves. Sometimes we do both, — allowing them to govern us for a time, and 


then, getting into a passion, or a mood for playing the tyrant, we turn upon, 
and govern them as if we were autocrats. We submit to their whims until we 
grow irritable, and then, by way of retaliation, we compel them to submit to 
ours. This is all wrong. Children should be governed always, but with an even, 
a gentle, and a loving hand. They should early be subjected to habits of self- 
control, and of regularity in eating, and sleeping; and should be taught abso- 
lute and continued obedience. All this can be brought about only by firmness, 
self-control, and great gentleness on the part of parents. If they would make 
a child cheerful and happy in its disposition, they must themselves be cheerful, 
and never let it see anger, passion, and f retf ulness, marring their conduct. Noth- 
ing is more injurious to the health of a child than a peevish, complaining, and 
soured disposition; and these vices are seldom acquired, unless seen in the lives 
of parents. 

1. DISEASES OP CHILDREN— Prickly Heat, Dysentery, 
Diarrhea, etc.— Remedies.— Mrs. Jay, of Fern Grove, 111., reports through 
the Blade, that an experienced physician taught her the following, in caring for 
children broken out with prickly heat: 

1. Keep them as cool as possible. 

II. For a child of 3 years, give 3^ tea-spoonful of cream tartar in the morn- 
ing, for a few mornings. 

III. Bathe them in tepid (a little warm) water, with a little soda in it, every 
night. It is also good to have a tubf ul of water (the chill off, of course), and 
let the child splatter in it for about fifteen minutes. 

IV. When the heat breaks out in little pimples, which are all sore, grease 
them over with fresh (unsalted) grease of any kind; then dust over with pul 
verized starch, at least once a day, to keep them from smarting. 

2. Dysentery, Diarrhea, etc., of Children, Cordial for.- Thit 
lady continues: I. These little ones require much care during warm 
weather, with their dysenteries, diarrheas, etc., from teething. I have found the 
blackberry balsam, as I call it, a most excellent remedy, but when the disease is 
of long standing, and there seems to be pain and soreness of the bowels, it is best 
to keep them very quiet, scarcely rocking them (so the doctor told me) and 
apply spirits of turpentine over the bowels. Take a cloth dampened with the 
turpentine, large enough to extend up over the stomach, as well as to cover the 
bowels, and leave it on long enough to cause redness, but not to blister. Then 
take it off, and when the redness goes away, apply again, until it seems to be 
out of pain, or easier, or:'— 

II. Onion Poultices — Applied in the same way, are very good; but the tur- 
pentine, if at hand, acts quicker. Onion poultice is made by chopping, or 
slicing, 2 onions into a spider with a little water and cooking well, then spread 
on a cloth. 

Reimarlcs. — This cooking of the onion, accounts to the author, for their not 
acting as quickly as the turpentine; mash them and lay them on raw, and I 
think they will act as quickly and as effectually as the others. Her balsam id 


entirely different from any I have seen, but it will be found very valuable. It 
is as follows: 

III. Blackberry Balsam and Cordial for Children. — Take of the small 
and growing roots of the blackberry, 4 ozs.; bark of the bayberry, 2 ozs. ; 
cranes-bill root (known also as geranium maculatum by the profession, and 
alum root by the people), and cinnamon bark, each 1 oz.; gum myrrh and 
cloves, each i^ oz. ; fennel seed, J^ oz. ; loaf sugar and brandy as given below. 
Directions — The roots should all be cut short, then with the other articles all 
bruised, and steeped in 3 qts. of water until half is evaporated (4 to 6 hours at 
least), making up with hot water if too much evaporation; but if steeped 
slowly, as it should be, or covered, it will be about right; then strain, and for 
the balsam add loaf sugar, 1 lb., and dissolve by heat. 

For the Cordial. — Make the same way, but add sugar, Jl" lb., and best 
French brandy, 3^ pt. Each are to be bottled and kept corked for use. Dose 
—For children, 1 to 3 tea-spoonfuls, according to age and severity of the disease; 
repeat every 1, 8 or 3 hours, as needed. For adults — for it is good for them 
too — 1 table-spoonful for a dose, time as above. 

Remarks. — I can see no reason for making two kinds, balsam and cordial. 
I should put the full 1 lb. of sugar and the brandy, or good whiskey, as one 
can get handiest, i^ pt. to the strained mixture, and call it syrup, and be done 
with it; for the spirit will insure its better keeping and action. Prof. King in 
speaking of the fruit of this berry family, in which the red raspberry, dew- 
berry, etc., are all included, says: "The fruit, especially that of the black- 
berry, is of much service in dysentery, being pleasant to the taste, mitigating 
(easing) the accompanying tenesmus (griping and straining) and suffering of the 
patient, and ultimately effecting a cure. Blackberry syrup has cured cases of 
dysentery, even after physicians had despaired of a cure." 

3. Dr. J. D. Lauers, of Conover, Ohio, adds to the blackberry cordial, 
made by any good cordial recipe, as follows: "Blackberry cordial, IJ^ ozs.; 
tinct. kino and paregoric, each, 1% drs., and syrup of ginger sufRcent to fill a 
8 oz. bottle. Dose — For an adult, 1 tea-spoonful every hour. For children, 
^ tea-spoonful every hour. In severe cases increase the dose." 

Remarks. — It will need some care about increasing the dose, if given so 
often, as the kino is quite astringent and might, if the dose is large and given 
often, have a tendency to produce the opposite condition — constipation. Watch 
this, and you will be safe, as it is not best to sew one up too tight. As much 
syrup of rhubarb added, as tinct. of kino, would prevent that condition, and im- 
prove the syrup for the purpose intended. 

4. Summer Complainic from Teething of Children. — Sub-car- 
bonate of bismuth, 36 grs. ; Dover's powder, 6 grs. Mix thoroughly, and 
divide into 12 powders. Dose — For a child from 1^^ to 2 years, 1 powder in a 
little syrup, every 3 or 4 hours. When the looseness, or diarrhea, has improved 
to justify it, give only 2 or 3 daily, when needed, to keep it under control so 
long as the irritation from the teething causes the continuance of the diarrhea. 
If properly managed it will control it. 


Remarks. — I think, in one case, a girl oi 1% years old, I continued its use 
occasionally for nearly a year. The child being weak and feeble — puny, as the 
doctors say, — but care and perseverance overcame both difficulties, and at this 
■writing, she is nearly 8 years old and of very good health. Without these pow- 
ders and the care, I believe she would years ago have been in her grave. 

5. Colie of Infants and Adults, Quick Relief and Cure. — 
I. For Infants. — Fl. ex. of dioscorea (wild yam, also called colic root), % dr.; 
camphor water, 1 dr. ; simple syrup, 1 oz. Mix. Dose — For an infant of 3 
months or under, %, tea-spoonful every half hour, or shorter time, if not relieved. 
"The mixture," says Dr. Harris, of Suwanee, Ga., "gives immediate and per- 
manent relief." 

II. For Adults. — Prof. King, in his Dispensatory, speaking of the wild 
yam, says: " It is a specific in bilious colic, having proved itself invariably suc- 
cessful in doses of 3^ pt. of the decoction (tea), repeated every half hour or hour. 
No other medicine is required, as it gives prompt and permanent relief in the 
most severe cases." The fl. ex. of this, which is now kept more generally than 
heretofore, will no doubt prove equally effective, and be easier obtained 
Decoctions are made by steeping 1 oz. of the root to 1 pt. of water. 

6. Hernia, or Rupture of Children, To Cure. — A Mrs. A. ^. 

Benson, of Loveland, Col., communicates the following cure for hernia of chil- 
dren to the Blade, which I trust will give as good satisfaction to others as it did 
to her boy of 11 years. The sooner applied after hernia is known, the more 
likely it will be to effect a cure. She says: 

I. "I wish to give you a cure for ' Hernia,' or rupture, as used on my 
little boy. He was ruptured when about 3 weeks old on one side, and had to 
wear a truss. "When 2 years old he had a second rupture on the opposite side, 
and since then has had to wear a double truss. This he could not leave off 
save when lying down. A woman once told me, when he was a baby, that oil of 
eggs would cure rupture, but I did not know how to prepare it, and had no 
faith in it. My boy is now 11 years old, and last summer I was told how to 
prepare oil of egg, and that it would cure rupture. So I tried it, using it about 
3 weeks. For 6 weeks he has not had on a truss. He has pulled beans, helped 
to cut corn, and done a variety of chores around the farm, and seems perfectly 
cured. So now to the recipe for making oil of egg. I hope every one so 
afflicted will try it. 

II. Oil of Eggs to Make, as Used in Hernia of Children. — " Boil 15 eggs 
hard, take out the yolks and cut them up in a spider (skillet), put over a slow 
fire and stir constantly, gradually increasing the heat. It will soon dissolve 
into a creamy looking substance; then, as the fire grows hotter, it will rapidly 
turn brown and look almost like coffee grounds. Now stir rapidly all the time; 
it will smoke and smell terribly, and you will feel sure that it is all burned up, 
but keep at it patiently, and after awhile it will dissolve into a black oil. Now 
strain it off and bottle it. This quantity will make over an ounce of oil, and I 
did not quite use up this quantity before my boy was cured, although I should 
not have been discouraged if I had been compelled to make the second quantity^ 


Rub this oil on every night after lying down, being sure that the rupture is back 
in place. Then every morning use the following: 

III. Healing Salve. — "Melt together a little fresh, unsalted butter with 
one-quarter as much beeswax, and after melting, add a few drops of oil of 
spike. This is very healing and prevents its getting very sore on the outside. 
I continued this treatment a little over three weeks." 

Remarks. — Let no one, who has a child with hernia or rupture, fail to give 
it a fair and faithful trial. 

7. Milk-Scab of Children, Cure for,— Fresh mutton tallow melted 
and applied very thick, once or twice a day; wash once a week, or oftener, with 
white castile soap; apply fresh tallow after washing; it will allay the burning 
and itching; no medicine is needed. 

Remarks. — These scabs, or crusty eruptions, come out upon the forehead and 
tipper part of the face of nursing children ; at first slightly elevated pimples, 
sometimes becoming pustules, or containing matter, in clusters, the edges more 
or less red and inflamed. It takes its common name from a supposition that 
the mother's milk causes it; but I have seen it on children "raised upon the 
bottle." It is sometimes also called " honey disease, " because the scabs look 
much like a drop of honey dried upon the skin. If it works up into, or upon 
t,he head, it would be called "scald-head." Besides washing with pure castile 
soap, or a weak lye made from wood ashes, and applying the mutton tallow, 
you can also give a little sulphur and cream of tartar, internally, to gently move 
the bowels, and after, give less to act on the blood. These should be mixed — 
half as much sulphur as cream of tartar; then mixed in molasses or syrup. 
This disease is also known as tinea capitis and dow worm ; at first it is only an 
inflammation of the skin, but by neglect, want of cleanliness, and simple means 
to reduce the inflammation by slippery elm poultices and the cream of tartar 
and sulphur, it becomes aggravated, mattery, and harder to cure. In such 
cases use the following; 

8. French Ointment for Scald-Head of Children.— Rose oint- 
ment, 1 oz. ; white precipitate, 1 dr. ; mix. Directions — Wash carefully with 
mild castile soap and water; dry carefully with a soft dry cloth; then, after a 
few minutes, rub in a little of the ointment — morning and evening. 

Remarks. — This originated with Prof. Splelman, at the University of Stras- 
burg, France, and was used by him very successfully. 

9. Scald-Head, Tar Plaster for. — This plaster has been recom- 
mended ; but if tar is to be used, let it be only in small proportions, as follows: 
Boil a qt. of urine, 4 ozs. of lard, and a table-spoonful of tar together for an hour 
or two; and when only warm, strain and add 1 oz. of sulpliur; simmer together 
and strain again, and it is ready to use, taking all the care of washing, drying, 
etc. , before using, and also not forgetting the aperient of sulphur and cream 
of tartar, to keep the bowels easy and to act on the skin, wliich they do. 

10. Bed- Wetting and Urinary Diseases of Children, Cer- 
tain Hemedies. — The following is from the Eclectic Medical Journal, of Citt 


einnati, O. The article was furnished by Dr. J. Berger, of El Passo, Kansas. 
He says; 

I. " I have been using santonine in difficulties of the urinary organs for a 
year or more, and it has not failed to have the desired effect in a single case. I 
have used it in suppression of urine, incontinence of urine, and dysuria{sGe III., 
below), and also in fevers. When the urine is scant and deposits a ' brick dust ' 
sediment, it is just the remedy. In my first case the suppression of the urine 
was complete, and resisted all treatment as per books, also the reputed apis 
mel (honey bee tea) was tried, and failed. But santonine thoroughly tritu- 
rated (rubbed) with sugar, in % gr. doses every 3 hours, established the secretion 
in 8 hours, and cured the case in 24 hours. I have used it, in two other cases of 
suppression, with like results. [Then rub 4 grs. of sugar of milk, if done by a 
druggist — or, if done at home, in half a tea-spoonful of white sugar — and divide 
into 8 powders — 1 for the dose, as above.] 

II. Enuresis, or Inability to Retain the Urine — Bed- Wetting Proper. — "The 
second case was a lad of 8 years. His mother called on me for medicine; said 
* Ed.' had worms and would 'wet the bed' 3 or 4 times during the night. I gave 
santonine triturated, in 2 grain doses, every 4 hours till 6 doses were taken. 
Followed with tonics of salicine and carbonate of iron in 4 gr. doses, 3 times a 
day for 4 days. Saw his mother two months after; said ' Ed.' had not ' wet the 
bed ' since taking that medicine. 

III. Dysuria, or Pain and Heat in Passing Urine. — " The third case wasj 
a lady, aged 23 years, troubled with dysuria (pain and heat in passing urine). 
She was cured with santonine in 2 gr. doses every 3 hours. Continued 12 hours 
only, triturated as above." 

Confirmatory of Dr. Perger's position above upon the use of santonine, 
Dr. Scudder, in his "Diseases of Children," page 35, makes the following 
remarks: "We think of santonine as a vermifuge only; yet it has some other 
desirable properties. One of them is its influence over the bladder in retention 
of urine. In some diseases there is sometimes a tendency to retention which 
ordinary remedies will not reach, and which at last proves fatal. Santonine 
thoroughly triturated with sugar, in doses of from i^ to 1 gr. every 2 hours, 
affords very certain relief. It is also very effectual in relieving burning, scald- 
ing, etc., in passing urine and the tenesmus (pain in passing of urine), and 
other unpleasant sensations of the urinary passages," adding: "I think santo- 
nine is deserving a place among the ' Specific Medicines.' " 

rV. Incontinence of Unne {Bed- Wetting) Remedy foi'. — Sulphate of qui- 
nine, 7grs. ; tincts. of belladonna and chloride of iron (muriated tinct. of iron), 
each 3^ oz. ; water, ?^ oz. ; mix and shake when used. Dose — Give 30 drops, 
3 times daily, one being at bedtime. 

Remarks. — The above dose is for a child of 6 or 7 years; older or younger 
in proportion. By the time this amount is taken, generally at best, there will 
be no more "wetting the bed." 

head, or "Jaundice in Children, Treatment, etc." 


1. ASTHMA, Quick Relief and Other Remedies for. — 

^though a lobelia, or some other emetic, has for a long time been considered the 
only hope for relief, yet, more recently, the inhalation of chloroform has 
proved generally a much quicker relaxant, and consequently the more satisfac- 
tory remedy. It is not necessary to breathe it to entire unconsciousness, but 
simply to relieve by putting a bottle of it— an ounce is sufBcient to buy at a 
time — first to one nostril, closing the other with the thumb of the opposite 
hand, and, the mouth being closed, draw in a long and deep breath to the full- 
est extent tne lungs will allow; then alternate with the other nostril in the same 
way until you realize the needed relief, or to the number of 3 or 3 times to each 
nostril. Then if not relieved, wait a few minutes and do the same again. It is 
better thus than to continue until unconscious. The chloroform is very satis- 
factorily inhaled from a glass tube inhaler, which see in note following "Acute 
phthisic, or Consumption. " To be corked up when not in use, 

2. Asthma, Relief in. — A friend of mine who had had asthma, so" 
that, at one time, he did not go to bed for 5 years, but took his sleep in a rock- 
ing chair, has found great relief inhaling the smoke of what he calls the 

I. Nitrated, Stramonmm for Relief in Asthma. — He says: " I gather the 
green leaves of the stramonium, after the plant blossoms, and dry them in the 
shade. When dry, 1 soak them a few hours in a strong solution of purified 
nitre (common saltpeter does not answer), 3 ozs., to soft water, 1 pt. Powder 
the niter finely, and pouring on the wat^r hot, quickly dissolves it. Soak the pre- 
viously dried leaves in this solution, re-dry, in the shade, then pulverize the 
leaves and keep from the air in box or bottle. To Use — Put a rounding tea- 
spoonful of the nitrated powder on a plate, and touch a lighted match to the 
heap, when, if properly done with the purified nitre, it burns without a blaze, 
throwing off considerable smoke. Place a small funnel (more generally called 
a tunnel), over it, and breathe the smoke arising from it by holding the mouth 
as close to the funnel as possible, to inhale as much as you can of the fumes. 
It will cause some coughing, at first, but this helps to clear the throat and bron- 
chial tubes of phlegm and soon subsides and gives very great relief. 

Remarks. — I used this at one time after having taken a severe cold, which 
settled upon the lungs, and found great relief, as it especially (as the gentleman 
says above) helped to clear the phlegm from the throat and bronchial tubes, 
most effectually. If it seems to be going out at any time, raise tire edge of the 
funnel a moment, and" it will burn and sputter on again. 

II. Asthma Pmoder, Improved. — Some persons think that sage, belladonna 
and digitalis, the dried leaves of each, with the dry stramonium, all in equal 
proportions, nitrated, as above (remembering always to use the purified nitre, 
kept by druggists only), and inhaled in the same manner, is preferable to the 
stramonium alone. If I were to use them, however, I would not use more 
than half as much of the belladonna and digitalis as I did of the sage and 

3. Whenever the inhalation of chloroform, or nitrated stramonium, etc., 
above given, fails, then 20 to 40 drops of laudanum, according to robustness of 


the patient, or the severity of the case, with 15 to 30 drops of sulphuric 
ether, put into a glass with a little water, and immediately drank, will almost 
always give relief at once. This should not be taken often enough to establish 
the habit of opium eating, which would prove a disease in itself, as bad as 
asthma and as difficult to cure. 

4. Alterative Relaxing Anodyne, and Curative for Asthma. 
— Ethereal tinct. of lobelia and iodide of potash, each, 2 ozs. ; tinct. assafoetida 
(fetta), and laudanum, each, 1 oz. ; simple syrup, 4 ozs. Mix. Dose — From a 
tea to a table-spoonful every hour or two, to relieve a paroxysm, for 3 or 4 
doses. As a curative, after the paroxysm has subsided, take the same dose only 
3 or 4 times a day. 

Remarks. — In closing the subject of asthma, I would say in addition only, 
that according to the condition of the system, any existing difficulty, as costive- 
ness, liver or kidney complaint, must be met and overcome on general prin- 
ciples, that is, to treat them as you would if they existed alone. Do all, as per 
instructions given under each head referred to, in connection with the above 
items under this head, and very many cases of asthma will be cured, the general 
opinion to the contrary, notwithstanding. The condition of the surface, to 
keep it clean and the blood freely circulating therein, by the salt washings, dry 
rubbings, etc., (which see), must not, in any case, be neglected in any long 
standing disease. If neglected, it is at your own peril. 

1. JAUNDICE — Successful Remedies. — No matter how much 
the liver may be affected, unless the stools are clay-colored, or, in other words, 
without color, and the skin and the whites of the eyes yellow, it is not called 
jaundice. "With the yellowness of the skin, there is generally constipation, 
tongue heavily coated, mouth dry, appetite variable, and sometimes headache, 
nausea, or vomiting. 

Treatment. — With eclectics it is claimed that the fl. ex. of chionanthus 
Virginica (fringe tree), in 10 to 20 drop doses, according to age and robustness 
of the patient, will cure it. 

Dr. Goss, of Marietta, Ga., prefers the tinct. made with 8 ozs. of the bark 
of the root to alcohol, 1 pt. In answer to some inquirers through the Brief, he 
refers to the fringe tree in the following manner: 

" The doctor again asks me about the chionanthus Virginica — fringe tree. 
I have stated in several journals, and in my " Materia Medica," and also in my 
" New Medicine," emphatically, that I had never failed to cure simple jaundice 
with the tinct. of the root (bark of the root is what is used) of the chionanthus, 
when it was made from the freshly dug root. Several others ask me whether 
it acts on the liver, or not? I never claimed it as an active stimulant to the 
biliary secretions in health. It cures jaundice in some specific way, but how, I 
do not know." 

The doctor uses the tincture, made as above, in doses of 3^ to 1 tea-spoon- 
ful, 3 or 4 times a day. He first cured himself with it, while a student in the 
University of Georgia. "The faculty," he says, "having failed to cure me, or 
to ameliorate my symptoms in the slightest degree. In this state of utter 


despair I finally concluded I must succumb to the malady; but, by accident, 1 
heard of a tailor who had been cured of the jaundice with gin bitters, made of 
the bark of the chionanthus root, so I procured some, and made me a bitters in 
gin, by adding 2 ozs. to 1 qt. Of this I took a table-spoonful 3 times a day, 
and in 10 days I was entirely cured of jaundice; and at the same time I found 
that it improved my digestion very much, and I continued it for a month or 
two vdth much benefit to my digestive organs generally. [In making the 
bitters in places where it grows plentifully, I should use at least 4 ozs. to 1 qt. 
of gin, and take the same dose.] 

"After that I prescribed it for others, and, I believe, always with success, 
where there was no complication of diseases, I cured many soldiers in the 
' late unpleasantness,' only losing a single case, which was complicated with bil- 
iary calculi (gall-stones in the bile-ducts of the liver)." He closed by saying: 
" Since I published my use of the chionanthus I have seen reports in various 
medical journals of its success in jaundice and hypertrophy (enlargement of 
the liver), as well as some reports of its use as a female tonic. I know a case 
of hypertrophied (enlarged) uterus cured by the use of the chionanthus — used 
for a considerable time. " 

2. Jaundice Cured by the Use of the Chionanthus and Ace- 
tate of Potash. — Dr. Henning, of Redkey, Ind., reports through The Brief 
also (February, 1879): " Twenty years ago I used to give calomel and leptandrin 
with poor success. But now I give, in all cases, of the fl. ext. of chionanthus 
(fringe tree) from 10 to 20 drops (of course according to age and robustness of 
the patient) 4 times per day. This will correct the action of the liver in a short 
time. But in addition I prescribe the acetate of potassa (potash), 10 grs., 3 
times per day, to act upon the kidneys (it is a very valuable diuretic) to pump 
out and eliminate (throw oflf) the bilious excrementitious (of the nature of 
excrement or feces, but here more particularly worn out) matter from the 
blood. This I follow with the elixir of calisaya (Peruvian) bark with iron 
and strychnine (kept by druggists) as a tonic, increasing the nutrition and 
strength. This treatment," he says, "has been very successful in my hands, 
and I am satisfied it is the true theory of the disease in practice." He thinks it 
best to " follow up the treatment 3 to 5 weeks to make a permanent cure." 

3. Jaundice in Children, Treatment of.— J. E. Ball, M. D., of 
Texas, reports a case which was printed in the April number of The Brief, as 
follows: "I noticed in the February number of The Brief 'Treatment for 
Jaundice,' by John A. Henning, M. D., and as I think my treatment a little 
more prompt in its action I will give you the full treatment of my last case: 
Called Feb. 3d to a child 18 months old; skin and eyes as yellow as saffron, 
urine thick and stained its clothes of that saffron color peculiar to jaundiced 
urine. Prescribed: Leptandrin, 1 gr. ; podophyllin, % gr.; pulverized Jamaica 
ginger, 2 grs. ; mix, and divide into 8 powders. Gave 1 powder every 4 hours 
until the biliary secretions were aroused. Also Tinct. of buchu and sweet 
spirits of niter, each, 1 dr. Dose — Ten drops every 2 hours. 

"Feb. 5th. — First prescriptions acted well. Then prescribed: Fl. ext. of 


chlonanthus (fringe tree) and tinct. of sanguinaria canadensis (blood root), each 
equal parts. Dose — Ten drops 4 times per day. 

"Feb. 12th. — Little patient entirely relieved; skin and urine as clear as it 
ever was." 

4. Jaundice, Allopathic Treatment of— Successful. — I give the 
folIoTvnng treatment because it contains calomel and may meet some cases where 
the chionanthus cannot be obtained, and also because it will lead me to follow 
it with remarks, showing how a very little calomel will sometimes arouse the 
action of the liver when, as the saying is, " everything else has failed. " This 
is from Geo. B. Snyder, M. D., of Hays City, Kans. It will explain itself. It 
was reported in the July number of The Bnef, 1879. He says: 

" In looking over the April number of your valuable journal, I notice an 
article on the ' Treatment for Jaundice.' As I understand it, the mere presence 
of jaundice is not a disease, but merely a symptom. The yellow skin indicates 
the presence or hepatic (liver) trouble, the true character of which I am, in 
candor, boimd to confess is not always easy to determine. The last patient 
under these circumstances, I was called upon to see, was on August 19, 1878. 
His symptoms were yellow skin, impaired digestion, excessive restlessness, with 
eclampsia, etc." [This ' eclampsia,' here, no doubt, refers to an appearance, to 
the patient, like flashes of light, a symptom of epilepsy.] " My prescription," 
he continues, "was: Hydrarg chlor. mite (calomel), 4 grs. ; podophyllin, 3 grs. ; 
potass chlor. (chlorate of potash, pulverized), 36 grs.; ex. of hyoscyami(hyoscy- 
amus) 3 grs. ; mix. Make into 10 powders. Dose — One powder every 2 hours. 
On the second day I found my patient so much improved that with a single 
prescription of bitter tonics with ex. of nux vomica, I dismissed him. His 
recovery to perfect health was absolute. " [A good tonic pill for these cases 
would be: Quinine, 45 grs.; alcoholic ex. of nux vomica, 2 grs.; mix thor- 
oughly and make into 30 pills. Dose — One pill only, 4 times a day, for an 
adult. These pills should not be given to children. But for them 1 gr. pow- 
ders of quinine might be given as the tonic, without the nux, in cold strong 
coffee, which hides the bitter taste very much.] 

Remarks. — Dr. Snyder says, above, " the yellow skin indicates the presence 
of hepatic, or liver, trouble," but the true character, he "confesses is not 
always easy to determine." "Well, I would ask, why try to determine at all, so 
long as the cldonantlnis, as given in the foregoing recipe, or even his own com- 
bination, will cure it ? "We know this much, that whenever the skin and eyes 
are yellow, there is a certain condition of the liver, and it is generally believed, 
at least, that this condition is always the same, hence, they are always cured, as 
above indicated, by the same medicines. But there is a certain diseased con- 
dition of the liver, attended with considerable uneasiness, sometimes amount- 
ing to actual pain, but not having the jaundiced or yellow .skin and eyes, when 
the author has not been able to touch the liver, so as to start the bile, with 
either the common liver pills, which contain podophyllin, leptandrin, etc., 
nor with the chionanthus; but very minute doses of calomel, even the 20th 
of a grain, taken at bed-time, followed with a tea-spoonful of epsom salts, 
in the morning, has aroused its action, and started tl)e bi)e fveeiy w^tUiD 


the following 24 hours, and was entirely satisfactory and lasting, by repeat 
ing the same doses, at an interval of a week, for 2 or 3 times. These were des- 
perate cases, else I should not liave ventured upon what I had always consid- 
ered a desperate remedy — calomel. But, as I have always believed in "giving 
tlie devil his due," I have thus set this down to the credit of calomel, notwitb 
standing I, and my mother before me, as well as eclectics generally, have fought 
against the use of calomel all our lives. But I would not, even now, use it in 
large doses, especially when such very small ones have such a decided and ben- 
eficial effect. But I always try the ordinary treatment first, and only fall back 
upon these small doses of calomel when the first plan fails. 

But if I fail to "touch", the liver, as the allopaths call it, i. e., fail to 
arouse its action, by which its usual biliary secretions are produced, with the 
small doses, I should use them as large as 1 to 3 grs. ; or, if need be, blue mass, 
a 3 gr. pill, followed with the salts, to accomplish the same end. I know sev- 
eral persons who claim, and no doubt believe, that nothing but a 3 grain pill of 
of blue mass at night, and sometimes for a second night, will act on their liver 
when out of order. Working off next morning, of course, with salts or some 
other active cathartic. And I certainly prefer to try this plan rather than to 
lose the life of my patient, or have him go to a doctor who will use calomel or 
blue mass from choice; although, by their giving large doses of calomel, they 
often fail to cure. But I always give this class of patients a 1 to 2 gr. pill of 
quinine 3 or 4 times daily, after the bilious passages have somewhat subsided ; 
and if much sour eructations arise from the stomach while the bile is being 
poured out so freely, I give a little bi-carbonate (common baking) soda, in half 
tea-spoonful doses, in a little water. Certainly, however, there can be no objec- 
tion raised to Dr. Snyder's doses of calomel, as there would be less than 3^ a gr. 
to each powder, while allopaths, in the first time of cholera in the United States, 
gave it sometimes in ounce doses, and no doubt killed by such treatment more 
than the cholera itself. But now, as some of them have got down to the 
20th of a grain, or even }^ grain doses, I will gracefully cease my warfare upon 
it, at least, when given in the above, homoBopathic, doses. And I am now, 
more than ever before confirmed in the idea that it was by large doses, and 
other abuses of its use, that much of the harm it has done was brought about. 
Where it is used, let it be in small doses only, and its action watched with great 
care, and I trust the result will be as satisfactory to others, as it has been 
with myself. 

1. SYPHILIS — Alterative for, Successful in Bad Cases.— 
Fl. ex. of stillingla, corydalis, poke root, yellow dock root and burdock root, 
each 2 ozs. ; iodide of potash, % to % oz. ; simple syrup to make 1 pt. Direc- 
tions — Dissolve the iodide in a little of the mixture, and mix all. Dose — 1 
tea-spoonful 4 times] daily, one being at bed-time. Large and robust patients 
may put in the ^ oz. iodide, weak and feeble ones only the J^ oz. 

Remarks. — If there is any gonorrhea discharge, every other time it is made, 
leave out the extract of poke root, and put in the same amount of the fl. ex. of 
buchu, in its place. In very bad cases of syphilis, when the pint has been all 
taken, get a pint bottle of Tilden's Elixir of lodo Bromide of Calcium Com- 


pound (kept by druggists), and take it according to the directions upon the bot- 
tle, and so alternate, for a year, or longer, unless well satisfied that all the syph- 
ilitic poison is eradicated from the system sooner than this. The doctor of 
whom I obtained this, at Grand Rapids, Mich., told me that in this manner ho 
had cured very bad cases — one where the whole body was covered with scabJ 
and sores, except, fortunately for the patient, his face and hands did not sho^W 
the eruptions. Upon the scales, or rather around them, he applied an ointment 
made as follows: Take a pint bottle and put into it nitric acid, 1 oz. ; quick 
silver, 1 oz., and let stand until the silver is cut; then melt lard, % lb., in ail 
earthen bowl, and mix all together and stir with a wooden spatula until 
cold. This was swabbed on around the scabs (if a little gets on thf 
scab it does not matter; but he thinks it not best to tear off the scabs, 
but to put it freely around the edges), at first three times a week, then 
twice, and finally only once a week, till all is smooth as a child's flesh; 
This case paid him $100, and had previously paid out over $250, with- 
out benefit. I have also since cured a very bad case with it, and therefore kno'rt 
its value as an alterative. In the case first given the doctor told me that aftej 
the scabs or sores were cured about 6 months, the man wanted to know if ht 
might "marry with safety;" the answer was, " continue the alterative for a yeaf 
longer, then there will be safety in marrying. " He followed it up as directed 
and then did marry, and never afterwards saw any ill effects from the disease 
Although the plan of alternating the above alterative with the Tilden prepara- 
tion is especially valuable for syphilis, yet the alterative above will be foun(^ 
very valuable in all the other diseases requiring one. 

2. Gonorrhea — Remedy. — It consists of an inflammationof theurethrr 
of the male and of the vagina of the female, which causes, generally, a dig • 
charge (which is contagious) of a muco-purulent character, having the appear- 
ance of mucous and pus. It is generally caused from impure cohabitation ; bu'i 
it does sometimes arise from the parts coming in contact with this gonorrheaf 
matter, even when partially dry, upon sheets where those having the diseasfl 
have slept, or from privy seats, and, in fact, husbands sometimes are affected bj) 
an inflammation of a similar character taken from the wife who has an acricf 
leucorrheal discharge, while both are perfectly honest and virtuous towards each 
other. These points are now well-known by many physicians, but not well 
understood by the people, which leads me to introduce these recipes as much to 
point out these facts as to enable people to cure themselves or their friends in 
like condition. Then, as the disease is well-known, as above remarked, in this 
manner also described above, let everyone be very careful how they pronounce 
another guilty of criminal or impure connection, at least until they are positive 
as to the facts in any particular case. And let me caution every one having 
this disease, or in treating others who have it, to be very careful not to allow 
any of the matter to come in contact with any open sore, nor with the eye oi 
nostrils, for all mucous membranes will take on the disease by such contact. 
Keep the hands clean and buru all cloths used for the purpose of cleanliness f? 
ensure safety. 


Other Treatment Necessary. — In the commencement of the disease, while 
the inflammation is acute or active, give a full cathartic dose of some 
cooling purgative — for instance, the compound powder of jalap, with cream of 
tartar, or a full cathartic dose of any medicine one is in the habit of usiug as a 

Compound Powder of Jalap. — Best Alexandria senna, in powder, 1 oz.; 
powdered jalap, )4. ^'^- '> powdered cloves, % dr. ; or powdered ginger, 1 dr. ; mix. 
This forms an excellent cathartic in all cases requiring quick action. It is mild 
but efficient, stimulating the liver and biliary ducts to a healthy action, and help- 
ing materially to reduce all inflammatory diseases. It should not, however, be 
given in inflammation of the stomach or the bowels, if of a severe character. 
In pregnancy, painful menstruation, and other like conditions of females, it 
should be taken only in about half the usual doses; repeat half the dose, if 
it does not operate in 4 hours in all cases. Dose — Take one tea-spoonful of the 
powder in a tea-cup and half fill with boiling water; stir occasionally till cool; 
stir again and drink all. Sweeten, if desired. In all fevers and in the above 
cases put into the cup 1 tea-spoonful of cream of tartar, which aids in reducing 
fevers or inflammations, especially of the character above indicated. 

The patient should also take freely of mucilaginous drinks, as gum-arabic 
water, % oz. to 1 oz. to the pint, poured on boiling hot, and the whole drank in 
the course of the day, or two at most; or, a tea of marsh mallows, 1 oz. to the 
pint of water daily; or, flaxseed tea made in the same way, as most convenient 
to obtain. As soon as the action of the cathartic is well over, and one of the 
mucilaginous drinks have helped to allay the severity of the inflammation, use 
injections also of an astringent, tonic or antiseptic character, according to the 
severity of the case, like the following: 

3, Injection for Gonorrhea. — The following is one of the more 
common, being principally astringent, for cases where the inflammation and 
discharge is slight: Sulphate of zinc, 8 grs., to water, 4 ozs. Directions — To 
be injected 2 or 3 times a day at least; but it is well to inject after each urina- 
tion; but if much pumlent or thick matter, use one of the following, first hav- 
ing injected water to cleanse the parts thoroughly, and if this strength causes 
much smarting or pain, reduce half with water. A glass or rubber syringe is 
better than the metallic ones for all these purposes. 

4. Injection for Gonorrhea. — The following combines tonic, astrin- 
gent, and antiseptic properties, applicable in the severe cases. It was given by 
Prof. King in his "Chronic Diseases," with the remark, "that he makes it 
known for the first time": Sulphate of quinine, 20 grs. ; elixir of vitriol (which 
is aromatic sulphuric acid), 1 dr.; mix, and shake to dissolve the quinine; then 
add camphor water, 1 oz. , and distilled water, 3 ozs. ; solution of iodide of iron, 
]4, dr. Inject as the first; and if it causes pain or uneasiness to any extent, 
reduce a little with water, until the improvement enables it to be borne. I will 
give one more, which also combines the astringent, tonic, and antiseptic proper- 
ties necessary to ensure success, and equally valuable as an Injection in leucor 
rhea (which see). It is as follows.- 


5. Injection— Valuable in Gonorrliea and Leucorrhea.— Fl. 

ext. of golden seal, % dr. ; sulphate, or acetate, of zinc, 1 dr. ; chlorate of 
potassa, % d^-; tannin and sulphate of quinine, each 15 grs., the quinine to be 
dissolved with 15 or 20 drops of aromatic sulphuric acid before put in; distilled 
or soft water, 1 pt. Used same as the above. 

For leucorrhea it had better be made in double the quantity, and used with 
a female syringe, cleansing the parts, first, by injecting water as hot as it can be 
borne, keeping it in the vagina 2 or 3 minutes, by placing the fingers over the 
external parts to prevent its immediate escape. This is important in all these 
injections. It is also thought best, by J. W. Burney, M. D., of Des Arc, Ark., 
for leucorrhea, to give, internally, a tea-spoonful 3 times daily of the fl. ext. of 
buchu in some flax-seed tea. It will prove valuable as a diuretic in either of 
these diseased conditions of the system. 

6. Any of the articles named in these injections have been used alone, in 
the strength of 2 grs. to the oz. of water, for gonorrhea; and, besides these, 
strychnia, 1 gr. to the oz. of water, and corrosive sublimate of the same strength, 
have been used, it is claimed, with success. The acetate, and the iodide of zinc, 
1 to 3 grs. of either to the oz. of water, have been used very satisfactorily. 

Of late, suppositories have been brought into use, containing a suitable 
amount of any of the foregoing, or other articles which are desired, to be intro- 
duced into the ureter at bed-time, by which, it is claimed, a better action is had, 
from the fact that the cocoa butter, in which the medicines are held, dissolves 
slowly, and thus the medicine is held the longer in contact with the diseased 
parts of the ureter. They are also made of suitable size for the vagina, in leu- 
corrhea and gonorrhea of females. 

7. Gonorrhea Cured "Without Injections. — If the following inter- 
nal treatment will do what Dr. Given, of Louisville, Ky., claims for it, it ia 
preferable, or, at least, is a less difficult plan to pursue. He states, through the 
Brief, in answer to an inquiry, " How to Cure Gonorrhea Successfully With- 
out the Use of Copaiba, Cubebs or Injections?" as follows: 

" The following is my prescription, as published in \he American Practi. 
tioner several years ago. It cures in from 2 to 10 days, if given within the first 
24 or 36 hours after the disease has developed. I have never injected a single 
patient: Spirits of nitric ether, balsam copaiba and camph. tinct. opii (para- 
goric), of each 1 oz. ; tinct. veratrum viride, 1 dr. Mix. Dose — A tea-spoon- 
ful 3 or 4 times a day." 

Remarks. — The author would say in flaxseed tea or some of the other mucil- 
aginous drinks. The more freely the mucilages are taken, the better for the 
patient. It is generally claimed, however, that those suffering with gonorrhea 
must be careful about their diet, excluding meats of all kinds, fats, tea, coffee, 
and absolutely avoid all alcoholic and malt liquors, and tobacco in all its forms, 
if they hope to get well at all speedily; and also to take a mild cathartic every 
3 or 4 days, and that it is also valuable to take a hip-bath 2 or 3 times a day, 
while the inflammation is considerable, as hot as it can be borne; also to keep as 
quiet as possible, else support the scrotum with a suspensary bandage to pr©- 


vent stagnation or accumulation of blood in the parts, to ■which there is often 
considerable tendency. 

8. Gonorrhea, the Great French Bemedy for.— In Gunn's " New 
Family Physician " we find the following, which he says is known as the 
" Great French Remedy for Gonorrhea " in any stage of the disease, and said 
to be infallible, without any other medicine: 

" Take J^ oz. each of dragon's blood — to be found at the druggist:' — pul- 
verized colocynth and pulverized gamboge ; pulverize (better buy the pulverized 
article if you can) and rub these three articles together in a mortar; then add 3^ 
pint boiling water (rain or soft water preferable) and stir occasionally for an 
nour with the pestle; then add 2 ozs. each of sweet spirits of nitre and balsam 
copaiba, and stir again till well mixed; then bottle for use. Dose — Two tea- 
spoonfuls night and morning until it operates thoroughly on the bowels ; then 1 
tea-spoonful 3 or 3 times a day, or sufficient to keep up a gentle action on the 
bowels, and continue until a cure is affected." 

9. Gonorrhea in Its Commencement— Cure Without Injec- 
tion. — After having written the above, I went to my dinner, and on my return 
found my Medical Brief had been delivered, and, on looking it over, was struck 
at the simplicity of a recipe for gonorrhea, given in answer to an inquiry for 
such a cure, by Dr. Hall, of Fairmount, Ga., as follows: 

" Spirits nit. dulc. (sweet spirits of nitre), 1 oz. ; balsam of copaiba and 
tinct. of mur. ferri (tinct. of muriate of iron), of each, 1 dr. Mix. Dose — 
A tea-spoonful in water, milk or wine (I would say in some of the mucilages 
before mentioned) given every few days, 4 to 6 hours apart. No injections needed 
in incipient (the beginning of) gonorrhea." 

Remarks. — He uses the same in ardor urinee (scalding, or heat in passing 
urine) with like success; but in this last condition he gives the same dose, 
repeating in 3 hours, then at longer intervals. From my knowledge of the 
properties of the article, I recommend a trial, at once, wherever and whenever 
needed, in either disease. But as some persons will not begin any treatment at 
once, as they ought to do, letting the disease become chronic, or by mismanage- 
ment or carelessness in taking medicine, or by persisting in the use of spirits, 
fat meats, etc. , a gleet, or slight discharge, will continue from the urethra after 
the inflammatory condition has been subdued. Such a condition will require 
something of the character given for gleet, after the next item. 

10. Gonorrhea, the Latest and Most Simple Treatment for.— 

Some time after all the foregoing had been written, upon this subject, the 
December number of my Therapeutic Oazette, of Detroit, Micii., came to hand, 
with a treatment for this disease, from Dr. Joseph McChesney, surgeon of the 
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Co., at Deming, N. M., which appears 
so simple and easy of trial, and withal so effectual (he reporting a number of 
cures in from 6 to 10 days, and some of them of long standing), that 
I feel constrained to give it, believing it to be as effectual as it is 
simple. It is as follows: Dissolve corrosive sublimate, 1 gr. only, in water, 6 
ozs., injecting a syringe of it every 4 hours. 


liemarks. — He gave cases of acute, or just commenced, as well as those of 
long standing, in which it was equally effective. Il needs no further comment 
nor recommendation of mine, only to say I trust too, with him, that in the cor- 
rosive sublimate treatment for gonorrhea, I have at last met with the drug that 
gives such entire satisfaction to the unfortunate, and one that will prove a finaa- 
cial boon to me, and hereby a boon to the unfortunate many, who may never 
see Dr. McChcsney, nor myself. 

11. Gleet, Effectual Treatment for. — Some of the first above 
mentioned injections for gonorrhea, may be injected for gleet, or the following, 
as used by Dr. S. L. Blake, of San Francisco, Cal., who has found it so effec- 
tual that he deemed it his duty to place it before the readers of the Brief, in 
1880, as follows: Sulphate of zinc, 13 grs.; tinct. iodine, 10 drops; distilled 
water (soft water will do in all such cases), Bozs.; mix; inject 4 thnes a day. 
Also, fl. ex. uva ursi, 3 ozs. ; fl. ex. pareira brava, 1 oz. ; fl. ex. cascara sagrada 
and syrup of orange, each 2 ozs. ; water sufficient to make 8 ozs. ; mix. [The 
pareira brava is a native of the West India Islands and the Spanish Main, says 
King, in his American Dispensatory, " It is a tonic, diuretic and aperient, used 
in chronic inflammations of the bladder, and various disorders of the urinary 
organs." The cascara sagrada is valuable in constipation, while the properties 
of the other articles in these prescriptions are well known to be valuable for 
what he recommends them.] Dose — Take a tea-spoonful 3 times a day before 

Remarks. — This, he says, I consider an invaluable remedy in obstinate 
cases. Of course the principal readers of the Brief are physicians, which shows 
that Dr. Blake was well satisfied with it or he would not risk the criticism he 
would receive if it was not reliable. 

12. Gleet, for the Pain and Weakness in the Back.— For this, 
condition take Venice or white pine turpentine, and work into it as much finely 
pulverized rhubarb as will make it pill. Make into usual sized pills, and take 
2 pills twice daily. 

13. Red Drops, Specific for Gleet, Gonorrhea, Leucorrhea^ 
and Affections of the Kidneys. — Tinct. of guaiac and compound spirits 
of lavender, each % oz. ; oil of cubebs and laudanum, each J^ oz. ; balsam of 
copaiba, 1 oz. ; mix. Dose — A tea-spoonful 3 or 4 times a day — one always 
being at bed-time in these cases. 

Remarks. — Dr. Gunn says of these drops; "A specific (positive cure) for 
gleet, gonorrhea and leucorrhea, and good for affections of the kidneys." They 
are all, in a certain degree, of a similar character, i. e., there is an inflammation 
of the mucus membrane of the parts in each disease; then, what will overcome 
it in one case, will also do it in any of the others, and yet not be a "cure all," 
as the mucus membrane is the same everywhere. 

BEE AND WASP STINGS— Sure Cure for.— I. Bees.— Mr. R. 
L. Aylor, of Waterloo, Ky., in reporting his success in keeping his bees over 
the winter of 1881-2, sends a recipe to the Bee Journal, headed "Bees," claim- 
ing it as his own discovery. It is simple, easily obtained, and cheap; and if it 



proves as quick and successful a cure as he claims, lie is the one to have the 
benefit of "discovery." He gave it in the following words: "Buy from any 
drug store a small phial of tincture of myrrh ; as soon as you are stung apply a 
little to the puncture, when all pain and swelling ceases instantly. It is also 
excellent for bites of spiders and poisonous reptiles." 

Remarks. — Certainly no one would ask it to cure quicker than "instantly." 
I trust it shall prove as successful as claimed. If it does, nothing else "ould be 

II. Wasp Stings, Quick and Certain Cure. — Cut an onion, scrape and 
apply the juicy part to the sting. It quickly relieves, and allays the irritation 
almost as quickly. 

Remarks. — A correspondent of the London Times reports the case of his 
son, stung in the eyeball by a wasp, and when he reached the house, " looked 
like death," etc., which made a great commotion, and the sal volatile was gotten, 
but one of the maids used the onion juice, and the relief was so quick that he 
got up and went out again to help the men destroy the nest. I have no doubt 
the onion juice, or scraped onion, is as good for bee stings as for the other; but 
lose no time in applying it, if a wasp sting, for they are very poisonous. 

III. Handy Remedy for Bites and Stings of Poisonous Animals and Insects. 
— A writer in Holfs Journal of Health says: "That for persons about to travel 
or to go jnto the country for the summer, an ounce vial of spirits of hartshorn 
should be considered one of the indispeusables, as, in case of being bitten or 
stung by any poisonous animal or insect, the immediate and free application of 
this alkali, as a wash to the part bitten, gives instant, perfect and permanent 
relief, the bite of a mad dog (we believe) not excepted ; so will strong ashes- 

Remarks.. — I should as soon risk the immediate application of the spirits 
of hartshorn as any other caustic for a mad dog bite; but it would not do to 
put it into the eye — as the onion juice referred to. 

cider vinegar, 1 pt. ; spirits of turpentine, J^ pt. ; beat well, 3 eggs, and mix 
all. Directions — Apply to the neck in croup, and to sprains or swellings by 
saturating (thoroughly wetting) cloths and lay on, or bind on when necessary. 
" Cures," says Preacher Jones, "on the 'double quick.' It cured a woman's 
swollen arm in 9 days who had had to give up work and go to begging on 
account of the swelling." 

Remarks. — It would be as valuable for animals as for persons. See 
" Croup, Sovereign Remedy for," for the value of turpentine in this disease. I 
think the vinegar and beaten eggs will improve it. 

HOP BITTERS— Cheap and Reliable, Without Spirits of Any- 
Kind. — Hops, 2 ozs. ; ginger root, bruLsed, 1 table-spoonful; water, 2 galls.; 
brown sugar, 2 lbs. ; yeast, J^ cup. Directions — Boil the hops and ginger to 
obtain their strength, strain half an hour; add the sugar and continue the heat, 
removing all scum that arises; then cool to blood warmth, put in the 
yeast; let the yeast work over night, or that length of time, then bottle 


and keep in a cool place. Dose — Take 2 or 3 good swallows before each meal, 
■or in- amount as found necessary from the following: 

Remarks. — These bitters are recommended in all cases requiring a tonic 
action, where there is a tendency to a chronic inflammation, as in catarrhal 
headache, pain in other parts, kidneys out of order, etc. The gentleman from 
whom I obtained tliis, at Grass Lake, Mich., was a kind of "domestic doctor," 
had a cure for everything. I have used these hop bitters, however, and am well 
pleased with their action. They improve the appetite and strengthen the diges- 
tion. One of his cures was for ague, by taking sulphur in m.olasses every 
night. He claims to have cured over 100 obstinate cases with that simple rem- 
€dy. He said if the hop bitters did not loosen the bowels after a few days to 
add a little salts — Epsom — enough of it, for a day or two only, to loosen them. 

The following is claimed to be the real Hop Bitters which has made such a 
stir in the world: Hop leaves, 3 ozs. ; buchu leaves, 1 oz. ; fl. ext. of dandelion, 
1 oz. ; fl. ext. of mandrake, 2 drs. ; whisky, 1 qt. Directions, Dose, etc. — 
Boil or simmer the hops and the buchu leaves in water, 3^ gal., for 6 hours, 
or down to 1 qt. , strain, and when cold add the fl. exts. and whisky. Dose— 
From 1 to 3 table-spoonfuls, 3 times a day, before meals. 

Remarks. — It will be found a tonic and laxative, and the amount taken 
must be governed so as not to loosen the bowels but slightly, else its tonic effects 
would be carried off too readily. I have not used this, but I have the first 
above, witli much satisfaction. 

TOBACCO— Its Use Frequently Injuring Sight and Memory. 

— Dr. Mackenzie, in his "Opthalmology," a work on the anatomy and diseases of 
the eye, expresses his opinion that tobacco is the frequent cause of amaurosis, 
diminution, or complete loss of sight, and says: "One of the best proofs of 
this being the case, is the great improvement in vision (sometimes complete res- 
toration), which ensues on the use of that narcotic being abandoned. " Tobacco 
is a powerful narcotic, and often affects the nerves disastrously. This position 
of Mackenzie, says a French writer, is confirmed by M. Michel, who classes 
the disease among the two forms oi cerebral, or brain, amaurosis (loss or dimin- 
ution of sight by the condition of the brain), which are but little known. One 
of these conditions is seen in heavy drinkers, and is symptomatic of delirium 
tremens; but the other, he thinks, is brought about by the use of tobacco; and 
he also believes there are but few persons who have habitually, for a long period, 
smoked more than 5 drachms, % of an ounce, daily, without their sight, and 
often their memory, being more or less enfeebled. Then let those who already 
realize either of these conditions, or think the prospect good for their occur- 
rence, abandon the use of tobacco in any form, at once, and forever, and keep 
their young folks from its use, if possible. Fortunate for the author he could 
never tolerate its use at all ; but one can scarcely see an old man, or even young 
men, and many boys, even passing afong the street, without a cigar in their 
mouth, or gracefully (?) held in their fingers. If its use continues to increase 
for the next century as it has for the last decade (10 years passed of this cen- 
tury) we shall, I greatly fear, be the next thing to a nation of imbeciles ; with 
much larger per cent, of idiots than at this writing. A fearful responsi- 


bility rests upon parents, and governments. Certainly no scliool-boy should be 
allowed to use tobacco in any form; but it is law, and vigilant watchfulness of 
officers appointed for this purpose, with the same care and watchfulness of par- 
ents also that will ever prevent it, and that not wholly; for it has a fascination 
which cannot be accounted for upon any other principle only that of exhilara- 
tion, which is, in fact, the reason why it should never be used. It over stimu- 
lates the nerves, and thereby destroys, or very much injures them, shortening 
life, if no more serious catastrophe, as blindness, loss of memory, paralysis, 
etc. does not set in before. 

EPILEPSY— Remedies Which Have Been Successful. — I. 

Chas. Van Wye, M. D., of Browning, Mo., reports through the Brief the case 
of a man of 37, who had been troubled from childhood with epilepsy, cured by 
the use of bromide of potassium, 30 grs., 3 times a day, dissolved in water, 
half a tumbler or so, until it produced its physiological effects, which are simi- 
lar to that of iodide of potassium, i. e., it may affect the head like a cold, and 
if the stomach or alimentary canal are irresistible, it may produce diarrhea, 
and increase the urine too much, but it ma}' produce acne (a pustular affection 
of the skin), and a person taking large doses very long may have a manifesta- 
tion of weakening of the mind; then, if any of these occur, stop its use a few 
days, or a week; or if taking it 3 times daily about meal-time, stop the noon 
dose, and if this does not relieve that, or either of these conditions, drop to 15 
or 20 gr. doses, twice daily, then if not relieved in a few days stop as above 
indicated. In the case given it was used at intervals, i. e., stopping every fourth 
week for 15 months, and only one convulsion after beginning its use. But the 
doctor would not begin unless the man would agree to take it several months at 
least. He considered it a perfect cure. 

Remarks. — Dr. King, in his Dispensatory, says: "It has been used sue- 
cessfully in enlarged spleen and liver, swelling of lymphatic glands (glands of 
the neck, armpits, front of elbow, back of knee, groins, etc., externally, and 
along the lymphatic vessels internally), scrofula, epilepsy, nervous depression 
from masturbation, also nocturnal (night) emissions, irritability of the nervous 
centers, and in hypertrophy (enlargement) of the ventricles (of the heart). It 
has proved successful in pertussis (whooping-cough), and also in asthma, in 
doses of 20 to 30 grs., repeated 2 or 3 times a day," etc. So you see it has been 
used in as large doses as Dr. Wye prescribes it above; but it has not been used 
as long, generally, and that is the probable reason that it has not proved more 
beneficial heretofore. Even in doses of 10 to 15 grs. it has held fits in check, 
and in such doses may be continued for years safely; watch in all cases, how- 
ever, for any of the above named bad symptoms and stop or lessen the dose as 

II. Pill for Epileptic Fits in the Early Stages. — Sulphate of zinc and cay- 
enne pepper, each 60 grs. ; rhubarb and ipecac, each 30 grs. ; all pulverized and 
made into 60 pills, with solid ext. of hyoscyamus, enough only to form into 
pill mass. Dose — Take 1 pill night and morning one week, then stop a week» 
and so on every other week. 


Remarks. — Dr. Gunn, in his "New Family Physician," says of it: "An 
important remedy, and has cured many cases of epileptic fits, when taken in 
early stages." 

all Chronic Diseases, Especially of an Inflammatory Character. — 

In all chronic diseases, and especially diseases of an inflammatory character, 
as catarrh, throat, bronchial or lung difficulties, inflammation of any or all 
these parts named, or intiammation of the stomach, liver, kidneys, bladder, 
urethra, vagina, white swelling, and any or all other swellings or inflammation, 
and in fact in all conditions and at all times of life, it is of the utmost impor- 
tance, not only to keep the whole surface clean by bathing or washing, at least 
twice a week in summer and once a week in winter; but in all chronic or long- 
standing diseases, it is very important to stimulate the skin by salt-water wash- 
ings, every other morning (Sunday morning being set for a soap and water wash- 
ing), followed by brisk rubbing of the whole surface, which equalizes the cir- 
■culation, helps to break up congestions (an undue amount of blood in any 
organ or part), putting the whole machinery of the circulatory system (heart, 
arteries, veins, and the smaller vessels near the surface known as capillaries), 
into complete working order, without which perfect health cannot be long 

I. Strength of Stilt Waiei'. — Dissolve }4 a tea-cup of common barrel salt in 
3 pints of water (in winter the water should be warm and the bath taken in a warm 
room; in summer, if the water stands in the room over night, it will do very 
well without warming); then with a sponge, or what is better, a piece of coarse 
woolen cloth, wash first the arms, neck and body thoroughly, then the lower 
limbs and feet, by which time the upper parts will be dry without wiping, when, 
with another piece of coarse woolen cloth, flesh-brush or hair mitten, rub a? 
hard and long as the friction can be borne, or till the whole surface glows or 
burns with the heat caused by the free circulation of the blood in the skin. 
The morning is the best time to do it, as the system is then free from excite- 
ment, and, unless you have been too warmly covered, also free from perspira- 
tion; therefore, lessHkely to "take cold." Do not neglect the feet even, bu*. 
rub all well and thoroughly each time. It is claimed by some physicians that 
these salt washings and dry rubbings alone will break up and cure many chronic 
diseases. 1 know, however, without a good circulation in the skin, health will 
sooner or later fail. My desire is to impress its importance upon every invalid, 
for without it not half the speed can be made in curing disease, even with the 
best of treatment. 

II. Dry Rubbings. — All other mornings and evenings than those for the 
salt-water washings, the friction or dry rubbing will materially help to bring 
about the desired circulation of the blood in the skin, as it draws it away from 
any inflamed or otherwise diseased organ or part of the system. To be done 
as you undress for the night, and before dressing in the morning. 

III. Cold Feet. — In all cases of habitual cold feet, the foregoing plan of 
washings and rubbings is also of the utmost importance, making the friction, 
or rubbings, of the lower limbs and feet the most thorough. 


INFLUENZA (A Cold). — Symptoms: A sense of fulness in the 
mucous membrane of the nose, and a tingling, with dryness, are among the- 
first symptoms of this disease. Sneezing is a common symptom. Shortly, 
pains are felt in the forehead, and breathing through the nose becomes 
difficult. The eyes are red and watery, the throat sore, a dry cough, hoarse- 
ness, thirst, general languor, chills, and an anxiety to be near the fire. The 
mucous membrane of the nose, throat, windpipe, and breathing tubes, is 
inflamed, red, swollen, and occasionally painful. 

In a short time water runs from the eyes and nose, and the cough becomes 
more moist. There is also a slight discharge from the throat and tubes, 
gradually increasing, and, at length, as the disease becomes less acute, the 
expectoration is thick and yellow. 

An aching of back and limbs, appetite gone, thirst, flashes of heat and 
chills, whenever the patient is exposed to air cooler than accustomed to, are 
almost continual attendants upon this complaint. 

A slight attack of the above mentioned disease, affecting here and there 
a person, and lasting but a few days, is called a cold. If it affects a large 
portion of the community at the same time, lasting days, and even weeks, it 
is then an epidemic, termed influenza. The latter sometimes sweeps over a 
whole country, as in 1832, when it extended over a greater part of the 
universe. In its progress it often shows marked severity, leaving serious 
results behind. 

Treatment. — In mild cases treat the disease as you would a severe cold, 
as only simple treatment is required, — such as remaining in the liouse for a 
few days, bathing the feet in warm water, taking a mild sweat, drinking warm 
infusions of mullein, flax-seed, slippery elm, or warm lemonade, and taking 
sparingly of vegetable diet. If the bowels are costive, use a gentle physic, 
likewise a laxative drink will be useful. 

When the attack is quite severe, decisive measures must be taken to- 
induce sweating. This may be accomplished by the spirit vapor batli, or by 
putting bottles of hot water to the patient's feet and sides while in bed, and 
giving warm drinks, also compound tincture of Virginia snake root. Three 
drops of the tincture of veratrum viride every three or four hours, will often 
cause free perspiration, and reduce the inflammation upon the mucous surface. 

Emetics are sometimes very useful. Vomiting may be produced by the 
use of powder of ipecac, ten to twenty grains, or the compound tincture of 

The inflamed mucous surfaces are soothed very much by inlialing tne 
vapor from hailf a pint of hot water, with five drops of tincture of veratrum 
viride, or a like quantity of tincture of aconite root. 

If the cough is severe, use the preparations recommended under bronchitis, 
and consumption. 


LA GRIPPE, or Russian Influenza.— For the last four or five 
centuries medical observers have noted the occurrence, from time to time, 
of an epidemic affection characterized by bronchitis (inflammation of the 
bronchial tubes), it is commonly known by the name of mfluenza, after a term 
introduced by the Italian writers in the seventeenth century. The French 
call it "la grippe." There was a great epidemic of this disease in 1832, and 
it again made its appearance in the year 1889, being most severe in France, 
England and the United States. The epidemic is accompanied by more 
marked and general symptoms than the ordinary influenza. 

Symptoms: Chills, fever, lassitude, debility, a loss of appetite, and a 
general prostration. Frontal head-ache is also a prominent feature, but no 
two persons are affected alike, while some at first are seized with protracted 
sneezing, others will commence with chills and fever ; yet, however, the gen- 
eral run of the disease is the same. It often ends in free perspiration or with 
diarrhoea. The duration of an attack of " la grippe" is from three to six days, 
but frequently serious complications arise, such as broncho-pneumonia or 
capillary bronchitis, and with the old and feeble often proving fatal. 

Dr. S. P. Duffleld's Prescription.— Sulphate quinine, 13 grs.; pow- 
dered capsicum, 3 grs. Mix; divide into 12 pills, or put into gelatin capsules. 
Take one every 3 hours. These pills, if taken at the commencement of the 
disease, will completely check it. This remedy is well known among the 
fraternity, and is extensively prescribed. 

1. An Eflfeetual Remedy. — Sulphate quinine, 20 grs.; sulphate 
morphine, 1 gr. ; powdered capsicum, 3 grs. ; tincture aconite root, 6 drops. 
Mix, and divide in 12 pills or capsules. Take one every 3 hours. 

2. A Good Receipt to Control Fever. — Liq. Ammon. Acet, 
1 oz. ; tinct. aconite rad., 12 drops; spirits sether nit., 2 drachms; syr. limonis, 
enough to make 3 ozs. of the whole; mix. Dose — 1 tea-spoonful with water 
every hour, until the fever is well under control. 

3. Powders that will Relieve the Headache.— Acetanilid, ^ 
drachm. Divide into 6 powders. Take one every 3 or 4 hours, till easy from 
pain. This is very simple, but the relief that it affords is in some cases 

4. A Good Receipt for Children.— To be taken in doses of one 
tea-spoonful every 3 hours. This will be found very effective. Sulphate 
quinine, 24 grs.; wine ipecac, 1 drachm; laudanum, 24 drops; syrup licorice, 
3 ozs. 

Bruises, etc. — Take any sized bottle and fill it, loosely, with Balm of Gilead 
buds, which have been bruised or cut into two or three pieces, then fill with 
good whiskey or diluted alcohol (half water, half alcohol), cork and shake 
occasionally for a week or ten days, when it will be ready for use, for wetting 
bandages applied to cuts, bruises, wounds, sores, etc. (See also "Balm of 
Gilead Ointment," and remarks following. There is nothing known to be 
more healing than the Balm of Gilead buds. 


2. For Coughs and Sore Lungs.— Mix equal parts of honey with 
Vhe tincture and take 1 or 2 tea-spoonfuls 3 or 4 times a day. It is considered 
expectorant, diuretic and somewhat stimulant and tonic. 

ONINGS — Earth Cure for. — Take the stratum of clay used for making the 
best red brick, which lies immediately below the soil, Dry in the sun so it can 
be put through a sieve; keep in air-tight jars; mix with hot water until of the 
consistency of putty, and apply warm, with a knife, over the tumor, half an inch 
thick; cover with light brown paper, then bandage with a good strong bandage, 
and keep it on 24 to 48 hours. This has caused some wonderful cures, I am 
told. It is also good for some forms of rheumatism, dropsy and poisoned 
wounds. — Housekeeper. 

Remarks. — I have no knowledge, only my judgment, as to the value of this 
for tumors, but knowing the clay cure to be positive in drawing out the poison- 
ous effects, swelling, soreness, etc., when poisoned by ivy, I know it will be 
valuable in poisoned wounds and, I believe, even good for mad dog bites, if 
applied quickly after cauterizing; and, therefore, I judge it good for tumors. 
The clay is very absorbing. I should, however, change it as often as the cov- 
ering gets dry. (See also Poisoning by Poison Ivy, etc.) 

DIURETICS, VALUABLE.— I. Buchu and uva ursi, leaves of each, 
1 oz. ; pareira brava root, 1 oz. Mix and divide into 3 powders or parcels, 
evenly. Directions and Dose — Pour upon one of these parts a quart of boil- 
ing water, in a covered tin pail or fruit jar. When cool enough to drink, take 
1 to 3 moderate swallows every 2 or 3 hours, so as to increase the flow of urine, i 
which will use up the quart in about 2 days. If to be kept longer, 6 ozs of 
good gin will prevent its souring, if strained from the dregs. Used in catarrh 
of the bladder, irritation of the kidneys, uretha, etc. 

II. Take buchu leaves, 2 ozs. , and treat as in I. ; when cool add 1 tea- 
spoonful of bi-carbonate of soda, and 30 drops of fl. ex. of hyoscyamus, and 
drink all in 2 days. Use more than the above in cases where there is mucus of a 
stringy character passed in the urine. After a day or two, repeat the same until 
relieved. If much irritation of the uretha, get 1 oz. of sub-nitrate of bismuth 
and put into 8 ozs. of soft water, and inject J^ oz. into the urethra 3 times daily, 
shaking before pouring out; else, obtain "Humphrey's Marvel of Healing," 
and add 3 times 'as much water as of the "Marvel," and inject in its place. 
Either is excellent. Retain them 2 or 3 minutes, whichever is used. These are 
good for any case requiring diuretics. 

HOT WATER CURE— Directions for Using.— The following 
instructions as to the manner of using hot watei as a means of restoring health 
to a generally debilitated or exhausted system, I take from the Medical Brief, 
thinking the explanation and directions here given will enable many of our 
readers to obtain additional helps, over and above what are given under the 
head of Hot Water in Consumption, Dyspepsia, etc. I have been unable to 
find where Dr. Salisbury's institute is located, or anything further than given 
in tJiis quotation, and the different items referred to in this book, as above indi- 


cated ; but as I have been using it with satisfaction in several cases of dyspepsia 
I think it will be found generally useful. I will here say that I 
recommend the water to be heated to 140° F. in summer, and 145° to 150° in win- 
ter, in quantity about J^ to ^ of a pint as a general thing, and taken about J^ 
to % of an hour before meals. If one should be very thirsty at bed-time, then 
also, but not unless necessary to allay thirst. 

I. " The Water Must be Hot, Not Cold JVbr Lukewarm.— This is to excite 
peristalsis (like peristaltic, a successive contraction and relaxing of the muscu- 
lar coats) of the alimentary canal. Cold water depresses, as it uses animal heat 
to bring it up to the temperature of the economy (body), and there is also a loss 
of nerve force in the proceeding. Lukewarm water excites upward peristalsis, 
or vomiting, as is well-known. By hot water is meant a temperature of 110° 
to 150° Fahrenheit, such as is commonly liked in the use of tea and coffee. In 
cases of hemorrhage, the temperature should be at blood heat (98° F.). Ice- 
T/ater is disallowed in all cases, sick or well. 

II. " Quantity of Hot Water at a Draught. — Dr. Salisbury first began 
"with one-half pint of hot water, but he found that it was not enough to wash out, 
nor to bear another test founded on the physiological fact that the urine of a 
healthy babe suckling a healthy mother — the best standard of health — stands at 
a specific gravity varying from 1.015 to 1.020. The urine of the patient should 
be made to conform to this standard, and the daily use of the urinometer (an 
instrument for telling the specific gravity of the urine, but not generally neces- 
sary to have nor obtain except in hot-water cures) tells whether the patient 
drinks enough or too much hot water. 

"For example, if the specific gravity of the urine stands at 1.030°, more 
hot water should be drank, unless there is loss by sweating. On the other hand, 
should the specific gravity of the urine fall to 1.010, less hot water should be 
drank. The quantity of hot water varies usually from 3^ pt. to 1)^ pts. at one 
time of drinking. 

"The urine to be tested should be the urina sanguinis, or that passed just 
after rising from bed in the morning, before any meals or drinks are taken. 

" The quantity of urine voided in 24 hours should measure from 48 to 64 
ozs. (IJ^ to 2 qts.). The amount will, of course, vary somewhat with tlie tem- 
perature of the atmosphere, exercise, sweating, etc., but the hot water must be 
given so as to keep the specific gravity of the infant's standard, to wit: 1.015 to 
1.020. The urinometer will detect, at once, whether the proper amount of hot 
water has been drank, no matter whether the patient is present or absent. 
Another test is that of odor. The urine should be devoid of the rank urinous 
smell, so well known, but indescribable. [The absence of this " rank smell " is 
a sufficient guide for home tests; take enough to get rid of this rank odor, is all 

" The Salisbury Plans aim for this in all cases, and when the patients are 
true and faithful, tlie aim is realized. [If a patient will not be true to himself, 
or herself, you may as well give up trying at once.] 

III. " Times of Taking Hot Water. — One to two hours before each meal, 
and half an hour before retiring at night. [I have taken it myself, and so recom* 


mended to others, half or three-fourths of an hour, only, before each meal, and 
have never known vomiting, or even sickness of the stomach to arise.] 

"At first. Dr. Salisbury tried the time of one-half hour before meals, but 
this was apt to be followed by vomiting. [I have not so found it.] One hour 
to 2 hours allows the hot water time enough to get out of the stomach before 
the] food enters, or sleep comes, and thus avoids vomiting. Four times a day 
gives an amount of hot water sufficient to bring the urine to the right specific 
gravity, quantity, color, odor, and freedom from deposit, on cooling. [There 
is probably something of importance in these points, but I have, as yet, at any 
rate, only recommended to take it 3 times daily, unless thirsty at bed-time.] If 
a patient leaves out one dose of hot water during the day, the omission will 
show in the increased specific gravity (weight, by the urinometer), in the color, 
etc. Should the patient be thirsty between meals, 8 ozs. (half pint) of hot 
water can be taken any time between 2 hours after a meal and 1 hour before the 
next meal. This is to avoid diluting the food in the stomach with water. 

IV. " Mode of Taking Hot Water. — In drinking the hot water, it should be 
sipped, and not drank so fast as to distend the stomach and make it feel uncom- 
fortable. From 15 to 20 minutes may be consumed in drinking the hot water, 
[About 5 minutes time is all the author took in drinking the hot water, and 
all he recommends; still, if 1 to IJ^ pts. are to be taken, a longer time will be 
needed. But, for ordinary cases of home treatment, I think 3^ to 9^ pt. is 
enough, and especially so if it is taken 4 times daily.] 

V. " The Length of Time to Continue the Use of Hot Water. — Six months 
is generally required to wash out the liver and intestines thoroughly. As it pro- 
motes health the procedure can be practiced by well people throughout life, and 
the benefits of cleanliness be enjoyed. The drag and friction on human exist- 
ence from the effects of fermentation, foulness and indigestible food, when 
removed by this process, gives life a wonderful elasticity and buoyancy. 

VI. "Additions to Hot Water. — To make it palatable, in case it is desired, 
and to medicate it, aromatic spirits of ammonia, clover blossom tea, ginger, 
lemon juice, sage, salt and sulphate of magnesia (epsom salts), are sometimes 
added. When there is intense thirst, and dryness, a pinch of chloride of cal- 
cium (chloride of lime) or nitrate of potash (niter) may be added, to allay 
the thirst and leave a moistened film over the parched and dry mucus mem- 
brane surfaces. When there is diarrhea, cinnamon, ginger or pepper may be 
boiled in the water, and the quantity drank, lessened. For constipation, a tea- 
spoonful of sulphate of magnesia, or % tea-spoonful of taraxacum (dandelion 
fl. ex.) may be used in the hot water. 

VII. "Amount of Liquid {Tea, Caffee or Water) to he Drank at a Meal. 
— Not more than 8 ozs." [J^ pt. or 1 cup of tea or coffee.] "This is in order 
not to dilute the gastric juice, or wash it out prematurely, and thus interfere 
with the digestion process. 

VIII. " Tlie Effects of Drinking Hot Water, as indicated, are: — The im- 
proved feelings of the patient. The fajces (passages) become black with bile, 
washed down its normal (natural, or healtliy) channel. This blackness of fseces 
lasts for more than six months (I have not found this so, but it may be in some 


cases), or until the intolerable fetid odor of ordinary faeces is abated (tbis I have 
iound tnie), and the smell aproximates the smell of healthy infants sucking 
healthy breasts, and this shows that the ordinary nuisance of fetid (bad smell- 
ing) faeces is due to a want of working out and cleansing the alimentary canal 
from its fermenting contents. The urine is clear as champaign, free from 
deposit and odor, or coloring, 1.015 to 1.020 specific gravity, like infants urine. 
The sweat starts freely after drinking, giving a true bath from center to 
surface. The skin becomes healthy in feeling and looks. The digestion 
is correspondingly improved, and with this improvement comes a better 
working of the machine." [Human system as a whole.] "All thirst and dry 
mucus membranes disappear in a few days, and a moist condition of the mucus 
membrane, and the skin, takes place. Ice water in hot weather is not craved for 
and those who have drank ice water freely are cured of the propensity. 
Inebriety has a strong foe in the use of hot water." 

Remarks. — The author finds, by personal use of hot water, nearly all the 
foregoing statements of the Brief to be facts, and I especially hope the last 
statement shall so prove that "inebriety has a strong foe in the use of hot 
water," and I feel almost sorry I cannot attest to this from a personal know- 
ledge, so anxious am I to do good to my fellow-creatures, knowing, as I do, 
how much confidence the statement of a fact with which the author has positive 
knowledge helps one to have faith enough in any certain thing to give it a trial. 
Let none needing it for that purpose, or any other given here and in other parts 
of this book, for all purposes indicated here or there, fail to try it. The 
author, however, can give no greater assurance of his own confidence in the 
use of hot water than to say that I now arise to go and heat water to take 
myself, half an hour before my supper, for it does me good, stops all craving 
for cold drinks and allays all feverishness of stomach, bowels, etc., etc., of this 
hot day, the thermometer reaching 90° Fahrenheit in my office at 3 p. M. 

MEASLES. — This is a contagious or " catching " eruption, and would 
be a disease of less severity were it not sometimes followed by serious results. 
It is a disease peculiar to childhood, although persons well along in years some- 
times have them. As children have them easier than adults, it is advisable to 
take no special precaution to prevent them. They usually appear in from 7 
to 14 days after exposure. 

Symptoms. — The first symptoms of measles are shivering, succeeded by 
heat, thirst and languor; then follows running at the nose, sneezing, cough; 
the eyes water and become intolerant of light; the pulse quickens, and the face 
swells; there are successive heats and chills, and all the usual signs of catarrhal 
fever. Sometimes the symptoms are so mild as to be scarcely noticeable, and 
sometimes greatly aggravated; but in any case, at the end of the third day, or a 
little later, an eruption of a dusky red color appears, first on the forehead and 
face, and then gradually all over the whole body. In the early stage of this 
eruption there is little to characterize it, but after a few hours it assumes the 
peculiar appearance, which once seen can never be mistaken. The little red 
spots become grouped, as it were, into crescent-shaped patches, which are slightly 


elevated above the surface, the surrounding skin retaining its natural color. On 
the third day of the eruption it begins to fade and disappear, being succeeded 
by a scurfy disorganization of the cuticle, which is accompanied by an intoler- 
able itching. The febrile symptoms also abate, and very quickly leave the 
patient altogether, but often in a very weak state and with a troublesome cough. 
Between exposure to the infection and the breaking out of measles, there is 
usually an interval of 14 days, which is called the period of incubation; so that 
it is not uncommon, where there are several children in a family, for the cases 
to succeed each other at fortnightly intervals. 

This disease is often rendered dangerous by complications with others; so 
that, not in itself of a fatal character, it frequently leads to fatal results. Where 
there are the seeds of consumption or scrofula in the constitution, they are likely 
to be called into activity during the debility which follows an attack of measles; 
dropsy often follows it, as do affections of the air passages, chest and bowels. 

How to Distinguish Measles from Scarlet Fever.— Measles is 
a less dangerous disease than scarlet fever, although sometimes mistaken for it 
in the early stages. In measles the spots are not as deeply colored as in scarlet 
fever, and are differently shaped and rougher to the touch. In scarlet fever the 
spots usually appear on the second day after the first symptoms are observed, 
and in measles on the third or fourth day. The irritation of the nose, sneezing 
and discharge, that arej prominent symptoms in measles, do not occur in scarlet 

Treatment. — Generally speaking, for simple measles, little medicine is 
required. Give the patient plenty of diluent drinks; let him have a spare diet, 
and a moderately warm and well-ventilated room; keep the bowels gently 
open; if a roasted apple, or a little manna in the drink will not do this, give a 
dose of castor-oil. Where there is much heat of the skin, sponging with tepid 
vinegar and waiter will completely relieve it, and also the itching. When the 
eruption has subsided, and the desquammation of the skin commenced, a tepid 
bath will materially assist this process, and get rid of the dead cuticle. On the 
third or fourth day after the disappearance of the eruption, give a small dose of 
powder of rhubarb, jalap, or scammony. Care should be taken to protect the 
patient against change of weather, and to restore the strength by a nourishing 
diet. Attention should be paid to the cough. Give drinks of flaxseed tea or 
slippery elm, made slightly acid. 

If the attack is severe, attended with high fever, headache, restlessness, 
etc., the feet should be placed in a hot mustard bath for 10 or 15" minutes, after 
which place the patient in bed warmly covered, giving every hour until the 
fever subsides and sweating takes place, Fluid Extract of Aconite, 1 drop to a 
tea-spoonful of water; and every 3 hours, or until the pulse is reduced in fre- 
quency, give 1 drop Fluid Extract of Veratrum Viride similarly diluted. 

Cold water may be taken freely with benefit in this as well as all in other 
eruptive or miasmatic fevers. A very good drink can be prepared by making 
a bowlful of slippery elm infusion, and adding the juice of a lemon and a 
table-spoonful of cream of tartar, and using as a drink as the patient desires. 


The bowels should be regulated by the Compound Podophyllin Pills, or 
the Compound powder of Jalap. 

The diet should be light, and consist largely of ripe cooked fruits, gruels, 
broths, and other easily digestible articles. 

Sore throat should be relieved by inhalation of hot vinegar, or by a gargle 
of Carbolic Acid, 2 drops to 1 ounce of water. If the eyes should become irri- 
tated and inflamed, they may be relieved by a cool wash of slippery elm, alum 
curd, rose leaves, or moist tea grounds taken from the pot. 

To Bring them Out. — In cases where the eruption does not appear, 
•warm whiskey sliug or the Compound Tincture of Virginia Snake Root maybe 
given to bring it out. 

2. Sometimes when warm drinks fail to bring them out, drinking largely 
of cold water, and keeping warmly covered in bed, will produce the desired 

3. The following will be found most efficient: Strong balm tea with a 
little saffron infused, or hot ears of corn, wrapped in a cloth saturated with di- 
luted vinegar, placed about the body. 

Striking in. — Sometimes the eruption of measles disappears suddenly^ 
then there is cause for alarm, and energetic treatment required; the patient 
should be directly put into a warm bath, and have warm diluent drinks; if the 
pulse sinks rapidly, and there is great prostration of strength, administer wine 
whey, and the following draughts: 10 drops of aromatic spirits of ammonia, or 
5 grains of the sesquicarbonate in \^ an ounce of camphor mixture, with a drop 
of laudanum every four hours; should the prostration be very great, weak 
brandy and water may be given. The state of the chest, head, and bowels 
should be closely watched for some time after the patient is convalescent, as 
disorders of these organs are very likely to occur, in which case it is probable 
that there may be pneumonia, hydrocephalus, or diarrhea. 

2. Apply mustard poultices to the feet, ankles, wrists, and over the whole 
abdomen, letting the poultices remain a few minutes and until they produce 
considerable redness. 

Severe cases of measles are liable to be accompanied with pneumonia, and 
where there are decided symptoms of this, the Hop Fomentation (see below) 
should be applied over the whole chest, with warm applications to the feet and 
legs. The frequent inhalation of the vapor of hot vinegar should be em- 

Chronic sore eyes, diarrhea, a lingering cough, etc., are liable to follow 
severe cases of measles, and these should be treated according to the indications 
of each individual case. 

Malignant Measles. — Tliis is a variety which commences with the 
above symptoms in an aggravated form; the rash quickly assumes a livid hue, 
alternately reviving and disappearing, and is mixed up with dark red spots like 
flea-bites; in this form of the disease we have extreme debility and all the symp- 
toms of putrid fever, like which it should be treated. No time should be lost 
in procuring medical aid. 


Herbal or Eclectic Treatment for Measles. — A strong tea composed of saf- 
fron and snake root always proves beneficial. Decoctions of licorice, marsh- 
mallow roots and sarsaparilla are likewise beneficial. Sudden changes should 
be guarded against, and especially exposure to cold draughts, the room, how- 
ever, should be kept moderately cool. No animal food should at first be taken, 
but the patient confined to low, spare diet, such as sage, gruel, etc. A good 
drink may be made of barley water, acidulated with lemon juice. 

are serviceable in treating many forms of disease, and in some they are indispen- 
sable. Hops, stramonium or jimson weed, tansy, hoarhound, catnip, lobelia, 
etc., either in the herb or in tincture, are among the most common agents em- 
ployed. The herbs should be simmered in water, or vinegar and water, until 
their strength responds to the liquid, when they should be placed between thin 
muslin cloths, applied as hot as the patient can bear, and covered with a num- 
ber of thicknesses of heated cloths. Material should be prepared for two 
applications, so that as one is removed the other may be applied. The same 
application may be used over and over, using the liquid in which it was steeped, 
or adding hot water to keep it moist. They should be changed every 5 to 8 
minutes, using care not to expose the part to the cold air during the changes, 
When using tinctures instead of herbs, prepare a lotion by adding to a sufl3.cient 
quantity of water, or vinegar and water, or whiskey and water, so much of the 
tincture as will give it the requisite strength, warm the lotion and place it where 
it will keep warm, and saturate and wring from it several thicknesses of flannel 
or muslin, applying hot to the part as in other cases. Vinegar or whiskey 
should foj-m an ingredient, if practicable, in any fomentation, and hops form a 
good combination with other ingredients when not used alone. 

Hop Fomentation. — In bilious colic, inflammation of the lungs, and 
other cases requiring energetic treatment, the best fomentation is made as fol- 
lows: Take a quart of vinegar, put in a kettle, and add as much hops as the 
vinegar will take up; boil them together for 5 or 10 minutes, and stir in as 
much corn meal as will made the whole into a thick mush. The meal is added 
simply to give consistence to the mass so as to retain the heat and not wet the 
bedding. If corn meal is not at hand, shorts, or bran and flour mixed together, 
will do. Spread this thickly upon an ample piece of muslin cloth ( if 2 or 3 
inches thick all the better ), and apply hot. If too hot to be applied next the 
skin, lay folds of cloth between. The essential point is to get the heat and the 
fullest effects of the hops and vinegar as soon as possible, and to hold their 
effect as long as possible. 

Hot Mustard Foot Bath. — Prepare a bucket or tub, the same as for 
an ordinary foot bath, filling it a third to half full of water as hot as the patient 
can bear with comfort. Put in it about two table-spoonfuls of ground mustard 
(more or less, according to the degree of strength desired). Provide a reserve 
of hot water (boiling hot, or nearly so), and after keeping the feet in the bath 
for a short time, add hot water to keep up the temperature, keeping it as hot as 

1— Slippery Elm. 2 -Virginia Snake Root. 3 -Pennyroyal. 4— Mountain Laurel, or 
Calico Bush. 5— Bear-Berry, or the Upland Cranberry. 6— Jamestown Weed, or 
Stramonium. 7— Blood-Root, or Red Puccoon. 8-Blue Flag. 9-Ladies' Slippa, 
or American Valerian. 


the patient can bear for ten or fifieei. minutes. The parts should then be gently 
dried and warmly wrapped. 

Slippery Elm Poultice.— Take of slippery elm bark, in powder, 
half an ounce, and a sufficient amount of hot water to form a poultice of the 
proper consistence. This poultice is valuable in all cases of burns, scalds, 
swellings, inflammations, ulcers, painful tumors, abscesses, and wherever a 
general soothing emollient poultice is required. 

Yeast Poultice. — Applicable to sores and indolent ulcers. Made by 
taking 5 ounces of yeast and a pound of flour (or in that proportion), and 
adding to water at blood heat, so as to form a tolerably stiff dough; set in a 
warm place (but not so as to scald) until it begins to ferment or to "rise," and 
apply like any poultice. 

MUMPS. — This disease, which is a contagious epidemic, consists of in- 
flammation of the salivary or parotid glands, which are situated on each side of 
the lower jaw. 

Symptoms. — It commences with slight febrile symptoms of a general char- 
acter. Very soon there is a redness and swelling at the angle of the jaw, 
which gradually extends to the face and neck near to the glands. These some- 
times become so large as to hang down a considerable distance, like two bags. 

They may come on suddenly, or else be preceded by a few days of general 
indisposition, which now and then amounts to liigh fever. A feeling of stiff- 
ness about the jaws is soon followed by swelling, often very bulky, and more 
or less tense. The swelling is apt to extend either at the back of the lower jaw 
or underneath it. The swelling contains no fluid ; dental pain is absent. Gen- 
erally first one side of the jaw is attacked and then the other; it is rare for both 
sides to suffer simultaneously. Not uncommonly similar swellings burst 
out in other localities of the body, the genital organs being most liable to 

Treatment. — But little medical treatment is required for this disease when 
at its height. The patient, from sheer inability to move the jaw, must live 
chiefly on slops; and it is well for him to be kept low, unless very delicate, in 
which case a little good broth or beef tea should be given. If there is much 
pain, the throat should have hot fomentations applied; and, in very severe 
cases, two or three leeches. Mumps is not a dangerous disorder, unless the in- 
flammation should be turned inwards, in which case it will probably affect the 
brain or testicles; or, in the female, the breasts. Should the swellings suddenly 
disappear, and thereby aggravate the symptoms of fever, the following lini- 
ment must be applied: Camphorated spirits, 1 oz. ; solution of sub-carbonate 
of ammonia, 2 drams; tincture of cantharides, 3^ dram. Mix, and rub in until 
the swellings re-appear. Take also, internally, nitrate of potass, 1 dram; tartar- 
ised antimony IJ^ grs. Mix, and divide into six powders, one of which is to b& 
taken every four hours. 

Camphor for Mumps. — Camphor is said to have been used success- 
fully to reduce the after-swelling in mumps; in the case of males holding the 
pendant parts in a basin of spirits of camphor, and bathing the adjacent parts 


freely with it, continuing or renewing the application until relief is had. If it 
occasion smarting more than the patient can bear, the liquid may be diluted 
with water. 

CHICKEN POX. — Chicken-pox is an eruptive disease which affects 
children and occasionally adults. It is attended only with slight constitutional 
disturbance, and is therefore neither a distressing nor dangerous affection. The 
eruption first appears on the body, afterwards on the neck, the scalp, and lastly 
on the face. It appears on the second or third day after the attack, and is suc- 
ceeded by vesicles containing a transparent fluid. These begin to dry on the 
fifth, sixth or seventh day. This disease may be distinguished from variola 
and varioloid b}'' the shortness of the period of invasion, the mildness of the 
symptoms and the absence of the deep, funnel-shaped depression of the ves- 
icles, so noticeable in variola. The main distinctions between chicken-pox and 
small-pox are the absence or extreme mildness of the premonitory fever in the 
former disease, and the form and contents of the vesicles ; those of the latter 
eruption being filled with dark matter, and having, invariably, a depression in 
the center. 

Treatment — Ordinarily very little treatment is required. It is best to use 
daily an alkaline bath, and as a drink, the tea of pleurisy-root, catnip or other 
diaphoretics, to which is added from half to a spoonful of extract of smart- 
weed, or the patient should be put upon spare diet; this, and a dose or two of 
6ome cooling aperient, as rhubarb or magnesia, is generally all that is neces- 
sary; but should the febrile symptoms run high, give a saline draught, as the 
following: Carbonate of potash, 1 scruple; citric or tartaric acid, 15 grains; 
essence of cinnamon, % ^ dram; syrup of orange peel, 1 dram; water, 10 
ounces. Shake, and drink while sparkling a wineglassful as a refrigerant. To 
make it effervescing, add the acid after the draught is poured out. Give 
plenty of cooling drink, and, if the bowels are at all obstinate, emollient injec- 
tions. Care must be taken that the skin is not irritated by scratching— as it is, 
painful and troublesome sores may be produced — and also that the patient does 
not take a chill. If these precautions are observed, little or no danger is to be 
apprehended from chicken-pox. 

YELLOW FEVER. — This disease is peculiar to hot climates and Is a 
species of typhus, which takes its name from one of the symptoms, but which, 
however, is not an essential one. It is probably caused by a vitiated state of 
the atmosphere arising from decayed vegetable or animal substances, in hot, 
sultry weather. It is very contagious and an epidemic. 

Symptoms. — Costiveness, dull pain in the right side, defect of appetite, flat- 
ulence, perverted tastes, heat in the stomach, giddiness or pain in the head; 
dull, watery, yellow eye; dim or imperfect vision, hoarseness, slight sore 
throat, and the worst features of typhus. 

Treatment. — In this disease, good nursing is indispensable. Let the 
patient have perfect rest and quietness, in a well ventilated room. In the early 
stages of the disease, the diet must be confined to preparations of sago, arrow- 
root, barley, etc. ; but as the disease advances, give animal broths made of lean 


meat, thickened with bread-crumbs, oat-meal, or barley. The strictest atten- 
tion must be given to cleanliness, and the linen changed frequently. If the 
stomach be very irritable and the vomiting violent, give the following prepara- 
tion : Powdered rhubarb, 30 grains; powdered saleratus, 20 grains; powdered 
peppermint, 1 tea-spoonful; laudanum, 15 drops; brandy, 1 table-spoonful; boil- 
ing water, 1 gill. Mix. Sweeten with loaf-sugar, and give a table-spoonful 
every hour till the symptoms change. The bowels must be kept open as in all 
fevers. For this purpose use the following: Ginger, 2 ounces; bayberry bark, 
4 ounces; cayenne pepper, 3^ ounce. 

Dose, a tea-spoonful in a little milk, with half a tea-spoonful of powdered 
rhubarb every hour till it operates freely. 

Captain Jonas P. Levy, who has had an extensive experience with yellow 
fever, states that he never knew a case of yellow fever terminate fatally under 
the following treatment: 

Dissolve a table-spoonful of common salt in a wineglass of water; pour it 
into a tumbler, and add the juice of a whole lemon and 2 wineglasses of castor- 
oil. An adult to take the whole at one dose. Then give a hot mustard foot- 
bath, with a handful of salt in the water. Wrap the patient in blankets until 
he perspires freely. Remove to the bed, and well wrap the patient's feet in the 
blanket. Afterward apply mustard plasters to the abdomen, legs, and soles of 
the feet. If the headache is very severe, they may be applied to the head and 
temples. After the fever has been broken, taken 40 grains of quinine and 40 
drops of elixir of vitriol to a quart of water. Give a wineglass full three 
times a day. Barley-water, lemonade and ice-water may be used in modera- 

CHOLERA MORBUS.— This is a disease prevalent in warm weather. 
From the great amount of bile secreted it is also called bilious cholera. 

Causes. — Excessive heat, sudden atmospheric changes, indigestible food, 
unripe fruits. Dampness, wet feet and violent passions will also cause it. 

Symptoms. — This disease begins with sickness and distress at the stomach, 
succeeded by violent gripings, witli vomiting of thin, dirty, yellowish, whitish, 
or greenish fluid, with discharges from the bowels similar to that vomited. The 
nausea and distress continue between the vomiting and purging, and the pain at 
times is intense. The pulse is rapid, soon becoming small and feeble, the tongue 
dry, the urine high-colored, and there is much thirst, though no drink can be 
retained on the stomach. 

TREAT\rENT. — Apply a large mustard poiiltice over the stomach and liver. 
Give large draughts of warm teas, by which means the stomach will be cleansed 
of all its solid contents. Every half-hour give table-spoonful doses of the com- 
pound powder of rhubarb and potassa, until the vomiting is checked. Warm 
injections must be given frequently, and hot bricks applied to the feet, while 
the whole body should be swathed in warm flannels. To get up a warmth of 
the body and the stomach is, in fact, the most important thing in this disease. 
Hot brandy, in which is a dose of cayenne, is excellent to quiet the vomiting 



and griping. A few drops of laudanum in the injections may be given, if 
pain is excessive; but generally it is not needed. 

Either of the following have been found useful : Bicarbonate of soda, 12 
grs. ; common salt, 6 grs. ; chlorate of potash, 6 grs. Mix and take in cold 
water. Or the following : Acetate of lead, 20 grs. ; opium, 12 grs. Make into 
12 pills and take one every half hour until looseness ceases. 

Eclectic or Herbal Treatment for Cholera Morbus. — No time must be lost 
in treating the severe stages of this disease. Give the patient copious drinks of 
whey, warm barley-water, thin water gruel, or weak chicken broth. Bathe the 
feet and legs in warm saleratus water, and apply warm fomentations of hops 
and vinegar to the bowels. In addition to these, apply a poultice of well-stewed 
garden mint, or a poultice of mustard and strong vinegar will be found of much 
service. The vomiting and purging may be stopped by the following : Ground 
black pepper, 1 table-spoonful ; table salt, 1 table-spoonful; warm water, 3^ 
tumblerful; cider vinegar, J^ tumblerful. Dose, a table-spoonful every few 
minutes. Stir and mix each time until the whole is taken. 

The evacuations, however, should not be stopped till the patient feels very 
weak. Nourishing diet should be taken by the patient. A wineglass of cold 
camomile tea once or twice a day would be very beneficial, as would ten drops 
of elixir of vitriol three or four times a day, or a tea made of black or Virginia 
snake-root. Flannel should be worn next to the skin, and the warm bath should 
be frequently resorted to. 

CHOLERA INFANTUM, otherwise known as the summer complaint 
of children, has been by some regarded as belonging erclusively to America. 
It has been ascertained, however, that tliis disease prevails in Europe, where it 
is called by a different name. It usually attacks cliildren under four years of 
age, and generally between the mouths of June and October. 

Symptoms. — There is at first diarrhea and the stools are sometimes of a 
watery, colorless consistence ; at others they have a greenish-yellow appearance ; 
the pulse is quick, the head and abdomen are hot, while the limbs are cold. The 
cliild seems to suffer more or less pain, as indicated by its crying, and fre- 
quently screams as if suffering acutely. The disease often terminates unfavor- 
ably and sometimes within a few hours; again, it continues for several weeks, 
and the little sufferer becomes very much emaciated, his eyes sunken, counte- 
nance pale, and yet a recovery is possible. 

Causes. — From the fact tliat it oftener occurs during the summer months 
Uian at any other time of the year, it may be inferred that the temperature 
greatly influences the prevalence of this disease. It more frequently attacks 
the poorer classes, or those living in unhealthy sections, although the children 
of tlie wealthy are likewise subject to it. Teething, change of diet at the time 
of weaning, and unhealthy, diluted milk, may be the exciting causes of this 
disease so common to children. 

Cholera infantum is more prevalent in our large cities, it being compara- 
tively unknown in rural districts. Often these little sufferers are greatly 


improved by a trip into the country or to the sea-shore. Pure air and fresh 
sweet milk, as hygienic and dietetic adjuncts, are necessary for recovery. 

Treatment. — The first treatment should be preventive. The little patient 
should be placed in a well ventilated room. Next, attend to the diet, and ascer- 
tain if the milk be pure and healthy. If the child nurses, then the mother 
should properly regard her diet. She should not eat unripe or stale fruits or 
vegetables, but her food should be nutritious and easily digested. She should 
not overwork, nor heat her blood, neither should she allow herself to become 
excited and irritable. She should occasionally give the child some milk alkali 
to obviate undue acidity of the stomach. Scalding the milk, or using a little 
lime-water in it, is sometimes beneficial. The following can be obtained at 
almost any drug store: Syrup of rhubarb, 2 ounces; lime-water, 4 drachms 
(about 4 tea-spoonfuls), and water of peppermint 2 drachms. Give of this mix- 
ture, to a child one year old, 1 tea-spoonful every hour until it acts on the 
bowels as a laxative, which may be known by the changed appearance of the 
passages. Follow this with small doses of compound extract of smart-weed 
and cover the bowels with cloths wet with the same. This treatment I have 
employed with perfect success in my own family and also with the same 
uniformly happy results in the general practice of medicine. 

SALT RHEUM, or ECZEMA.— In this disease the minute blood 
vessels are congested, causing the skin to be more vascular and redder than in 
the natural state. There is an itching or smarting sensation in the affected 
parts and the skin is raised in the form of little pimples and a watery substance 
exudes. This disease usually attacks the hands, and depends very much upon 
the occupation and habits of the person. Washerwomen, and those whose 
hands are exposed to the action of flour, soap, wax, resin, etc., are most sub- 
ject to it. 

Treatment. — All soaps and alkalies, and lead preparations, should be 
avoided. "Wash the hands only in warm water, to which may be added some 
oatmeal or corumeal, or a little oxalic acid or vinegar. The following pre- 
scription is an excellent external application: Stramonium ointment, 1 ounce; 
carbolic acid, 10 grains. Mix thoroughly together. First wash the part affected 
with warm water and oatmeal and cornmeal, then dry thoroughly, and apply the 
ointment, bandage, and let remain all night. 

2. Make a wash of warm water and oatmeal, cleanse the part with it, and 
dry with a soft cloth; bathe with tincture of iodine, let it dry, and apply car- 
bolic acid mixed with sweet cream, about 5 drops of the acid to a tea-spoonfiQ 
of cream. 

3. Take of beef marroW; sulphur, black pepper, white turpentine, equal 
parts ; mix, make an ointment, and apply, cleansing as otherwise directed. 

SCALD HEAD. — Tiiis is a disease of the scalp, and at first consists of 
minute pustules around the roots of the hair. These pustules increase in size 
and number until the entire scalp becomes covered by one dense and uniform 
crust. The disease is contagious, and is caused by the presence of parasites. 


Treatment. — Cut the hair as closely as possible; wash the head with cas- 
tile soap and water, then apply at night on going to bed a large flaxseed meal 
poultice and let remain until morning, when the poultice should be removed, 
and with it all loose incrustations. This poultice should be applied from time to 
time, if there should any new crusts form. On removing the poultice cleanse 
the scalp with carbolic acid soap and warm water, then use the following oint- 
ment : Carbolic acid, 10 grs. ; vaseline, 2 ozs. Mix, and apply every morning 
sufficient to anoint slightly all the diseased parts. Wash the scalp each time 
with carbolic acid soap before applying the ointment. 

To increase the general tone of the system, the muriate tincture of iron ia 
5 drop doses may be given in 1 table-spoonful of water, 3 times daily. 

THBUSH. — This is one of the most common diseases of infancy. It is^ 
characterized by a peculiar eruption of minute pustules, and a whitish incrusta- 
tion of the tongue. 

SymjUoms. — There are generally much thirst, restlessness, languor, acid and 
flatulent eructations, loose and griping rtools, drowsiness, pain, diflSculty of 
sucking, and a copious flow of saliva from the mouth. The stomach and 
bowels are almost always prominently disordered,'and the infant is apt to vomit 
after taking anything into its stomach. The abdomen is often sore to the touch, 
and great difficulty of swallowing is experienced. Feeble and sickly children 
scarcely ever escape this disease; children, also, who are kept in crowded or 
ill-ventilated apartments are especially liable to it. 

Treatment. — The first object is to restore the healthy condition of the 
stomach and bowels, if disordered. Where the ejections from the stomach are 
sour, and the alvine evacuations of a grass-green color, from 3 to 4 grains of 
magnesia, with 2 grains of rhubarb, and 1 of powdered valerian should be given 
every two or three hours until the bowels are freely evacuated. If there i» 
much general irritability and restlessness after this, the tepid bath, followed by 
a drop or two of laudanum, should be employed. The mucous membrane of 
the intestines is apt to become highly irritated in severe cases; the alvine evacu- 
ations in such instances are frequent, watery, and streaked with blood. When 
these symptoms are present, a large emollient poultice should be applied over 
the abdomen in conjunction with the internal use of minute portions of Dover's 
powder, with a solution of gum arabic as drink. Borax is a familiar remedy 
with nurses and mothers as well as the profession. It may be used either in 
form of powder or in solution. If the former is employed, 2 or 3 grains of it, 
mixed with a small portion of pulverized loaf sugar, must be thrown into the 
mouth every 2 or 3 hours; if the solution be used, a drachm of the borax should 
be dissolved in 2 ozs. of water, and applied to the mouth with a soft linen rag 
tied to the extremity of a pliable piece of whalebone, or with a soft feather. 
The practice of forcibly rubbing off the eruption is extremely reprehensible; 
for, when rubbed off in this way, the crust is soon renewed in an aggravated 
form. Where the mouth is very red, livid or ulcerated, we must have recourse 
to a decoction of bark. A J^ oz. of powdered bark, boiled about 30 minutes in 
^ pt. of water, will make a suitable decoction; and of this about the third of a 
tea-spoonful may be put into the child's mouth every hour or two. 


1 . WATERBRASH. — Pyrosis is the medical name for this disease, but 
It is usually called Waterbrash. It is a peculiar affection of the stomach, in 
which the patient brings up frequently a considerable quantity of thin watery 
liquid, sometimes insipid, at others intensely acid. Before the fluid is brought 
up, often there is more or less pain experienced at the pit of the stomach. This 
complaint attacks, mostly, persons past the middle age, particularly females, 
and the fit comes on generally in the morning and afternoon. It usually begins 
with a severe pain in the pit of the stomach, attended with a feeling of con- 
striction or oppression, and soon after a quantity of thin watery fluid is 
thrown up, which is sometimes insipid, at other times it has a highly acid or 
burning taste. The causes of this complaint are various, but whatever dis- 
orders the stomach may give rise to it. It appears to be owing to a peculiar 
state of irritation of the stomach; and is most certainly relieved by the use of 
the white oxide of bismuth, from 2 to 3 grs. made into pills with extract of 
gentian, 3 times a day. This medicine will often perfectly cure waterbrash; 
but attention to the diet, as laid down under dyspepsia, is of much conse- 
quence, and will be absolutely necessary in order to render the cure permanent. 
A diet of plain animal food may be allowed, with which may be united the 
use of biscuits, home-made bread, and preparations of rice and milk. Daily 
exercise must also be taken, and frictions, with the flesh-brush, over the region 
of the stomach and bowels, are of no small service. The bowels must of 
course be kept open by purgatives, when necessary, even when making use of 
other curative means. 

2. Plump wheat carefully burned to a charcoal, and powdered, a tea- 
spoonful into the nursing bottle before filling it, once a day. The same, taken 
before each meal, is good for dyspepsia. 

1, RINGWORM. — A disease of the skin appearing in small circular 
patches, or rings of vesicles round the circumference of a circle of appar- 
ently healthy skin: these vesicles are small, and contain a transparent fluid, 
which is discharged in three or four days, when little dark scabs form over 
them. Sometimes there is a succession of the circles on the upper parts of 
the body, as the face and neck, and the arms and shoulders. 

The more formidable and infectious species of ringworm appears in dis- 
tinct patches of an irregularly circular figure, on the scalp, head, and neck. 
It commences with clusters of small light yellow pustules, which soon break 
and form thin scabs over each patch; and these, if neglected, become thick 
and hard by gathering on one another. If the scabs are removed, however, 
the surface of the patches is left red and shining, but studded with white ele- 
vated points, in some of which, minute globules of pus again appear in a few 
days. As the patches extend, the hair covering them becomes lighter in its 
color, and sometimes breaks off short; and as this process is repeated, the 
roots of the hair are destroyed, and at length, there remains uninjured only a 
narrow border of hair round the head. It generally occurs in children of three 
or four years old and upwards, and often continues for several years. It can 
be considered as about to terminate, only when the redness and exfoliations 
disappear together, and the hair begins to grow of its natural color and tex- 


ture. The disease seems to originate spontaneously in children of feeble and 
flabby habit, or in a state approaching to marasmus; who are ill fed, uncleanly, 
and not sufBciently exercised; but it is principally propagated by the actual 
conveyance of the matter from the diseased to the healthy, by the frequent 
contact of the heads of children, but more generally by the use of the same 
towels, combs, caps, and hats. 

Treatment. — While the patches are in an inflamed and irritable condi- 
tion, we must be content with regular washing or sponging with warm water, 
or some emollient fomentation. Even the operation of shaving, which is 
necessary to be repeated at intervals of 8 or 10 days, produces a temporary 
increase of irritation. At this time, all stimulant lotions and ointments should 
be avoided. The disease assumes various forms, and these require a corres- 
ponding variety in the treatment; so that no single application can be said to 
possess any unfailing power against the ringworm. When the inflammatory 
state subsides, a dry scabbing and exfoliation ensues, but again the pustular 
eruption breaks out, and the patches again become red and tender. In other 
instances, the surface becomes inert and torpid, while a dry scaly scab con- 
stantly appears, and active stimulants are requisite to effect any change in the 
disorder. In more irritative stales, the milder ointments, with calomel, oxide 
of zinc, acetate of lead, should be employed, or sedative lotions, or decoctions 
or infusions of poppy heads or tobacco. When there is an acrimonious dis- 
charge, the ointments of zinc and lead, or the milder mercurial ones, or a 
lotion of lime-water with calomel, are advantageous. In a very dry and inert 
state of the patches, caustic substances are often very successful. The late 
Dr. A. T. Thomson strongly recommends the application of a solution of 1 
dr. of nitrate of silver in 3^ an oz. of diluted nitric acid. But in the varying 
forms and degrees of ringworm, the remedies must be varied, and combined, 
according to the degree of irritation which prevails. The constitutional treat- 
ment is of consequence. A nutritious diet must be prescribed, containing a 
due admixture of animal food; the clothing must be warm; regular exercise 
must be enjoined; and a course of tonic medicines, such as iron or quinine, 
must be ordered. 

2. Touch it with caustic ammonia, 

3. Apply sulphate of copper, 20 grs., to 1 oz. of water. The same is 
good for Itch. 

PAINTERS' COLIC— This form of colic is caused by the slow intro- 
duction of lead into the system, — generally the carbonate of lead. It passes 
under the different English names of painters' colic, Devonshire colic, and dry 
belly-ache. The first of these is the name by which it is most commonly 
known, from its frequent occurrence among painters, who use white lead (car- 
bonate of lead) a great deal in the preparation of their colors. 

Treatment. — For relieving the pain and opening the bowels, the treat- 
ment should be very much the same as that for bilious colic. There is one 
article, however, which is thought to have some special influence in curing this 
disease, after it has become chronic; it is alum. Fifteen grs. of alum, 2 of 
'jloes, 2 of jalap, and 4 of Dover's powder, may be mixed, and taken for a 


dose 2 or 3 times a day. If the muscles of the arm be palsied, 1-16 of a 
gr. of strychnine may be added to the above. The aromatic sulphuric acid, 
taken as a drink, fifteen drops to the tumblerful of water, is always worthy of 

The use of the electro-magnetic machine may be tried for the palsy; or a 
splint applied to the arm and hand, with vigorous friction applied once or twice 
a day, will sometimes do much for recovering the use of the muscles. 

But the best remedy for the palsied muscles that I know of is the follow- 
ing: Fl. ex. of sarsaparilla, 4ozs. ; fl. ex. of pipsissewa, 1 oz. ; water, 1 quart; 
iodide of potassium, 2 ozs. Mix. Dose — A table-spoonful 3 times a day. 
The sulphuret of potassa, 1 oz., dissolved in a quart of water, and taken in 
tea-spoonful doses, 3 times a day, is also worth a trial. The affected arm 
should be soaked an hour, once or twice a day, in the same amount of this 
latter salt, dissolved in a gallon of water. The following is Dr. Gunn's treat- 

Treatment. — The treatment in this form of colic should be very similar 
to the bilious form. The first thing to be done, is to overcome the constipation 
of the bowels. If there is vomiting, give medicines to allay it. Then make 
use of strong purgatives, with hot fomentations to the bowels. Narcotics and 
relaxants are also indicated to relieve the pain, and overcome the spasms. As 
a narcotic and anodyne use the ex. of hyosciamus; take 20 grs., and form into 
6 pills; give 1 every 2 hours. At the same time give the Anti-bilious Physic, 
and aid the operation with purgative, stimulating and relaxing injections. A 
portion of the physic, with a little salt, a tea-spoonful of tincture or powder of 
lobelia and hot water may be used as an injection, to be repeated according to 
the urgency of the case. Sometimes it will be well to add a little cayenne to 
it. Apply hot fomentations to the bowels, and if the physic does not operate 
in 2 or 3 hours, give the croton oil, 2 or 3 drops at a time, in a spoonful of castor 
oil, or a little milk, and repeat every 2 hours. Also rub a little of the croton 
oil on the abdomen, over the bowels. In other respects, treat the same as a 
severe case of bilious colic. It is sometimes well to put the patient into a warm 
bath, for half an hour, or even longer, in order to relax the muscular system, 
and overcome the spasm of the intestines. After you have got an operation on 
the bowels you may give the following pills: Ex. of hyosciamus, 40 grs.; 
ipecac, 20 grs. ; pulverized opium, 10 grs. ; podophyllin, 10 grs. ; make into 20 
pills, and give 1 every 3 or 4 hours. Also Cholagogue as a tonic and alterative. 

Remarks. — The numerous persons who work in lead, should comb their 
hair with a fine comb, wash their hands and face, and rinse their mouth several 
times a day, and also wash the whole person with soap once or twice a week, 
and with clear water, or saleratus and water, once a day. Their working 
clothes should be of a kind to admit of being washed once or twice a week, 
and they should be put off for others when out of the workshop. A paper cap 
should be worn while at work. Tiie food of the workmen should not be 
exposed to the vapors or floating particles of lead, and consequently should not 
be carried into the shop; and when much of the poison is floating in the air of 


the work room, it is a good plan to wear a mask to prevent its being drawn 
with the breath into the throat and lungs. 

It has been said that those who eat freely of fat meats, butter, and other 
oily substances are not attacked by the disease, though exposed to the poison. 
I know not what protection this can give, unless the skin is in this way kept 
more oily, which prevents the absorption of the poison. This would seem to 
afford a hint in favor of anointing the whole person once or twice a week 
with sweet oil. 

STITCH IN THE SIDE. — This is a spasmodic affection of the 
muscles of the chest, and is rheumatic in its origin. With this there are not 
the symptoms of inflammation nor the difficulty of breathing, except that 
caused by the pain or stich in the side. Exposure to cold or violent exercise 
will also cause this. Apply warm applications, mustard poultices, or stimu- 
lating liniments. The best medicines in this case will be pills of colocynth 
3 grs., with ex. of colchicum J^ of a gr. in each, taken every night; and 3 
times a day a seidlitz draught, with 15 grs. of wine of colchicum and 6 of 
laudanum in each. 

PROUD FLESH. — The granulations which arise when a sore is in 
progress of healing, sometimes project beyond the level of the surrounding 
parts, and form a red excrescence very irritable, easily made to bleed, and 
sometimes growing fast in spite of all that can be done to prevent it. Caustics 
of various kinds, as lunar caustic, or the blue vitriol, are to be applied, or red 
precipitate of mercury, and occasionally pressure, by straps of adhesive plaster 
or other bandages, is found useful. 

1. BED SORES. — The constant pressure of certain portions of the body 
upon the bed or mattress frequently produces in invalids excoriations, which 
are known bv the above name. 

Treatment. — When the skin becomes red and inflamed, and painful to 
the touch, immediate steps should be taken to prevent if possible an abrasion 
of the skin. Mix two tea-spoonfuls of brandy with a wine-glassful of hot 
water, with 30 drops of tincture of arnica. Dab the part with tliis, and dry 
with violet powder. Or, either before or after the skin breaks, dip a camel 
hair brush into collodion, and brush the inflamed surface over, repeating the 
operation from time to time until the part is healed. 

2. Saturate cloths with alcohol and apply; not painful and effects speedy 

3. Bismuth powder is also good, and is just the thing for chafing. Cover- 
ing the sore with clay dust or ' ' mineral earth " is recommended also. 

have seen a baby in fits; and it is a sad sight, — its little face all distorted and 
livid; its eyes rolling and squinting frightfully; its hands clenched, and arms 
bent, and legs drawn up, and body arched backward, and limbs twitching 
violently, — itself insensible, and unable to see, or swallow, or move. After a 
time the fit ceases, sometimes by degrees, at other times suddenly, — the child 
fetching a deep sigh, and then lying quiet and pale, as if it had fainted 


From this state it passes into a sleep, and, on waking some hours later, seems 
quite well. 

Fits may attack a child which is apparently well, and cause death immedi- 
ately, or it may have fits daily, or even several times a day, and linger on for 
weeks. A child may have fits from a great variety of causes. Fits, therefore, 
have a diHereut meaning in different cases. But they always show that the 
brain has in some way been disturbed. 

Treatment. — As fits are not a disease in themselves, but only a symptom 
of some disease, the treatment must have reference to the cause. Sometimes, 
while the fit lasts, it is wise to do nothing. But, if a fit come on suddenly, in the 
case of a child previously healthy, it is generally safe to place it in a hot bath, 
and at the same time to dash cold water on its face, or to pour cold water on 
its head, or hold on it a large sponge dipped in cold water. The hot bath will 
draw the blood to the skin, and away from the over-loaded brain. It will 
quiet the disturbance of the system, and if scarlet fever or measles are about 
to appear, it will bring them out. 

HYSTERIA— HYSTERICS.— Treatment.— To treat this complaint 
successfully, it is necessary to search out its cause, and remove that. Like the 
whites, it is not so much a disease in itself, as a symptom. 

The first inquiry to be made should have reference to the real origin of the 
complaint Is it dependent upon inflammation of the ovaries or the womb, or 
to displacement of this latter organ ; or does it arise from the low state of the 
blood, and the weakened condition of tJie nerves, acted upon by some irrita- 
tion or heightened sensibility of the sexual organs. 

If dependent upon inflammatory disease, that is to be treated according to 
directions elsewhere ; if upon falling of the womb, no remedies will avail until 
'that is put in its proper place. If diluted blood and weakened nerves be the 
cause, iron and quinine are the remedies. When the complaint arises from 
deficient menstruation, iron and aloes will be serviceable. The nervous spasm 
can sometimes be broken up by pouring cold water upon the head, or face, or 
limbs of the patient. 

The Hygienic and Moral Treatment are of great consequence. 
The complaint is very much under the control of the will. "Whatever tones 
the moral nature and strengthens the will, tends to subject this disorder to the 
control of the patient. Plain wholesome diet, exercise, bathing, and the 
enforcing, as far as possible, of a rugged, self-reliant habit, generally go far 
towards breaking its force. 

TONGUE-TIED.— The tongue is fixed down to' the lower part of the 
mouth by a membranous cord, which prevents too great a degree of motion. 
Sometimes the cord ties down the tongue of infants so much that they cannot 
suck. This is supposed by the common people to be the case much often er 
than it really happens; and they very often request the surgeon to remove Ike 
iucoDVPnience; but so long as the patient sucks there is no occasion for any 
operBtion. But it happens sometimes that the tongue is not perceived to be 
ti^a till the child begins to articulate, and is prevented from forming certain 


letters for which a free motion of the tongue is requisite. At whatever time 
the operation may be necessary it is easily done by a pair of scissors; but the 
surgeon must be careful not to wound any of the neighboring large vessels. 

1. GANGRENE.— Treatment.— When the result of cold, the part 
becomes first white, and a restoration of the suspended circulation should be 
attempted by rubbing with snow, if it can be procured ; if not, with a coarse 
cloth or flesh-brush. No heat must be applied ; even that of the bed-covering 
will sometimes set up inflammation. Camphorated spirit of wine is, perhaps, 
the best liniment that can be used. After the rubbing, if it appears to be at 
all effectual, apply cold poultices. If, in spite of these efforts, a discoloration 
of the skin shows that gangrene has really commenced, apply to the part a 
poultice of flaxseed with a little powdered charcoal in it, and also spirit 
lotions, to keep the disease from spreading. ^Jhe constitution of the patient 
must be soothed and supported by some anodyne and stimulant. Cooper 
recommends from 7 to 10 grs. of carbonate of ammonia, with 20 or 30 drops 
of tincture of opium, 2 or 3 times a day or more frequently if required. A 
bolus composed of 5 grs. of carbonate of ammonia, with 10 grs. of musk, may 
be given every 4 hours, with excellent effect. When the gangrene has pro- 
ceeded to a sloughing sore, a port wine poultice is a good application, as is 
spirits of turpentine, to stimulate the parts. 

2. Apply yeast poultice mixed with charcoal powder, and renew the 
poultice often; or keep the part well covered with charcoal powder. 

If, however, the gangrene is not stopped in its first stages, it can seldom 
be after; and the only chance of saving the patient's life is to amputate the 
limb; and this must be done before the morbific influence has spread far 
towards a vital part. 

BLOODY FLUX. — Treatment. — In mild cases, give a table-spoonful 
of castor oil and 2 tea-spoonfuls of paregoric, mixed, once a day. Sometimes, 
in place of the above, a dose of Rochelle powder, dissolved in water, with 
30 or 40 drops of laudanum, may be taken. A moderate quantity of flaxseed 
or slippery elm tea, may be taken as a drink, and the bowels be well emptied 
by an injection of starch. 

When there is much pain in the bowels, a mustard poultice laid upon them, 
will have a good effect. The starch injections should, in such case, have a J^ 
tea-spoonful of laudanum mixed with it. The compound syrup of rhubarb 
and potassa will often act favorably, given in table-spoonful doses. 

If there is reason to suppose the liver is affected, give podophyllin, or some 
other liver remedy recommended under the head of "Liver." 

The patient should not be allowed to sil up, and must be kept very still, 
and be allowed only a very scanty diet, as flour porridge, well boiled, rice 
water etc. 

RUPTURE (Hernia). — Children and old people are most liable to this, 
though sometimes they occur to persons of middle age. If difficult, or impos- 
sible to be returned, it is called strangulated rupture, and requires the best 


Treatment. — The patient must be laid on the back, the head low, and the 
buttocks raised; while in this position the gut must be returned by a gentle 
pressure, if it does not fall back of itself. After it is returned, a piece of 
sticking-plaster may be applied over the part, and a truss, or bandage, worn for 
a length of time. If it has been forced down with great violence, or happen ; 
from any cause to become inflamed, it is often very difficult to return it, ami 
sometimes impracticable, without an operation, a description of which ii 
foreign to our purpose, but in those cases, until some assistance can be ob- 
tained, act as follows: foment with warm fomentations; give clysters; ther, 
when the bowels have emptied, the operator must press and guide the gut back 
through the aperture, if possible to do so. An adult, after being ruptured, 
should never neglect wearing the proper truss. 

HAY FEVER. — This disease is so called on account of its occurring 
during hay time, or summer, and is thought to be caused by the odor of new- 
mown hay; but it may be caused by other strong odors. It does not differ 
very much from the ordinary asthma, except perhaps there is not so much 
difficulty of breathing, and the attacks last longer in the hay-asthma; the 
lining membrane of the nose is also much more inflamed and the throat 
irritated in the latter disease. 

The best thing to do is to remain within doors and keep quiet for a few 
days; take a few doses of Rochelle salts or rhubarb, also a tea-spoonful of 
paregoric at bed-time for two or three nights, and live on light diet. A dose 
or two of quinine (1 gr.) may be beneficial, night and morning. 

Remarks. — Thousands of people go to Northern Michigan annually for 
this disease, and I have never heard of one that did not get relief — Northern 
Michigan is the surest cure in the world for Hay Fever. 

which lie near the surface, especially those of the legs, are apt, by exhausting 
labor upon the feet, and by strains, to get weakened, so that their valves lose 
their tone, and their sides stretch and give way in certain places, letting the 
blood bulge out, and form purple bunches. These bags of blood, lying along 
upon the surface of the limb, form knotty tumors, looking like blood boils. 
They occasion a kind of distress, but no sharp pain. 

Persons of weak, soft, and relaxed muscles and blood vessels are par- 
ticularly liable to this complaint. It often attacks women in the family way. 

Treatment. — Where only a few veins are affected, it may be sufficient, 
in some cases, to apply firmly over them a few strips of leather, spread with 
soap plaster. But generally it is better to support the whole limb with a good 
cotton bandage, or with a laced stocking, which should be applied in the 
morning before the patient is up. It is generally also well to use friction with 
some liniment or iodine ointment. Lead water or alum water, or an infusion 
of white oak bark, may be used with advantage. Burdock and plantain 
leaves, bound upon the skin, and removed before they are dry, are useful 
Showering with cold water strengthens the veins. 


INGROWING TOE NAILS.— Those who have been afflicted with 
this affection have often found it to be very troublesome and painful, at least 
I have found it to be so myself. The edges or sides of the nail are disposed 
to turn down and grow into the flesh, giving rise to inflammation, ulceration, 
and often great pain and suffering. 

For this difficulty the best remedy I have ever known is to scrape with 
some sharp-pointed instrument, as the point of a pen-knife, a sort of groove 
or gutter in the center of the nail, lengthwise from the root to the end. It 
should be scraped down to near the quick, or as thin as it can be borne. This 
makes the nail weak, so that it will gradually and ultimately turn up at the 
sides until the edges come above and over the flesh. Keep up this practice as 
fast as the nail grows out and grows thicker, and you will eventually succeed 
in getting the nail in its proper shape and position. It is a good idea to 
poultice if there is much inflammation, and also apply healing salve. If ulcera- 
tion, bathe the parts occasionally with tinctures aloes, myrrh, and opium, 
mixed in equal parts. 

1. FEVER-SORES.— One lb. fresh lard, % lb. red lead, 1 table-spoonfid 
soft water; put in an iron dish and cook until it turns to quite a dark brown; 
stir most of the time while cooking, and watch to keep it from running over; 
apply it, spread on a cloth, change twice a day, 

2. The following has cured some very severe cases of fever sores, and is 
good for cuts and bruises in man or beast. Take a quantity of the bark of 
sumac root and boil for two hours; strain and add fresh lard to the liquid, 
then boil down until the water is all out; anoint the sore three times a day. 

Remarks. — This salve cured a sore on a son of G. W. Childs, of Petoskey, 
Mich., from which pieces of bone had been taken. They had tried several 
things but all but this failed. Uncle Chancy Howard, Chardon, Ohio, cured 
a' fever-sore of long standing, and up to the time of his death, some ten years ago, 
it had never bothered him. The above is also good for chilblains and ulcers. 

CHOLERA. — Treatment. — There is one important precaution which 
ought to be observed at all times, but more particularly during the epidemic of 
cholera: the ^QriecX, purity of tJie drinking water should be ascertained, and its 
freedom from all deco7?iposing organic matters made certain. 

Care is also to be observed not to take active picrgatives, especially salines, 
such as Epsom or Rochelle salts, seidlitz powders, etc., which produce watery 
evacuations; if ai^erient medicine is required, it ought to be of a waiTo char- 
acter, such as magnesia and rhubarb, with some aromatic, (cinnamon or 
allspice), for whatever produces free action of the bowels apparently increases 
the susceptibility to attack. For this reason, too, the slightest tendency to dia/r- 
rhcea sJiould at once be arrested by a dose of paregoric or laudanum, or what is 
preferable, a mixture of prepared chalk, 1 table-spoonful; cinnamon or allspice 
powdered, 1 table-spoonful; white sugar and flour, 1 table-spoonful each, water, 
1 wine-glassful ; paregoric, 2 table-spoonfuls; Cayenne pepper, i^ tea-spoonful. 
Mix, and take a tea-spoonful every half hour, or as may be needed, and the use 
of milk and farinaceous preparations (corn starch, farina, flour, etc.,) contain- 


ing gelatine, for food. The speedy adoption of these measures, in places 
distant from medical assistance, might do much to check the disease. Should 
the astringents above recommended fail, use the remedies recommended below. 

As to the actual treatment of the disease itself, when fully established, 
many different methods have been proposed and practiced, and few of them, 
perhaps without apparent advantage in some cases, but as yet no treatment 
which can be called d«*cidedly successful (a cure), has been discovered. 

The treatment which would be safe in the hands of others than medical 
men would be about the following: When vomiting and purging have set in, 
with cramps, give the following mixture: Tincture of Cayenne pepper, lauda- 
num, spirits of camphor, of each 1 oz. ; spirits of hartshorn, J^^ oz. ; mix 
together, and take 1 table-spoonful every hour or half hour according to the 
symptoms. Or give 1 gr. of opium, 1 of camphor, 1 of Cayenne pepper, 
(made into a pill with a little flour and water) every hour, or as may be needed. 

The patient should be wrapped at once in a blanket, or flannels next the 
skin. For the cramps use the following as a liniment: Tincture of Cayenne 
pepper, spirits of hartshorn, chloroform, turpentine, or kerosene oil, 2 ozs. of 
each. Mix, and rub over the affected parts with a woolen cloth. Be careful to 
remove the contents of the chamber from the room immediately and bury it in, the 
ground. Also mix with the discharges from the stomach and bowels, as soon 
as voided, some sulphate of iron (common green vitriol), also dissolve some of 
the green vitriol in hot water, and set the same in vessels around the room and 
in the different parts of the house; and then throw some down the sinks, privy, 
cellar, and such places, once every day. Keep the sick chamber well aired, 
and by all means try to cheer and comfort the patient, so as to keep up his 
spirits. A mixture of mustard and Cayenne pepper moistened with strong 
vinegar, applied to the stomach and bowels is good to check the vomiting and 
purging, or applied to the limbs for cramps. 

During the prevalence of this disease the greatest care is necessary in 
regard to cleanliness, ventilation, etc. It may be mentioned also that warm 
bricks or warm stones, irons, or hot salt should be applied to the limbs or body 
where there is coldness or cramps. An injection up the bowels of J^ a tea- 
spoonful of laudanum, 4 or 5 table-spoonfuls of brandy or whisky, with a little 
thin starch, is often very beneficial in the active stage of this disease, to be 
repeated if necessary. 

1. ULCEUS. — A chasm or vacancy formed on the surface of a part, 
whether external or internal, by the absorbent vessels removing parts back into 
the system. Ulceration takes place more readily in the cellular and fatty sub- 
stance, than in muscles, tendons, blood-vessels, and nerves. (Forjreatment by 
bandaging, see page 82.) 

2. Simple Purulent Ulcer. — Some ulcers are covered with matter of 
a white color, of a thick consistence, and which readily separates from the 
surface of the sore. There are a number of little eminences called granulations, 
which are small, florid, and pointed at the top. As soon as they have risen to 
the level of the surrounding skin, those next the old skin become smooth, and 


are covered with a thin film, which afterwards becomes opaque, and forms 
skin. The principal thing to be done in the treatment of this kind of ulcer, 
is to keep the surface clean by putting on a little dry lint, and a pledget over 
it, covered with very simple ointment. In some patients ointment irritates and 
inflames the neighboring skin. Bandages sometimes irritate the sore, and dis- 
turb the healing process; but when they do not, they are useful in giving a 
moderate support to the parts, and in defending those that are newly formed. 

3. Ulcers in Weakened Parts. — Other ulcers are in parts which 
are too weak to carry on the actions necessary to their recovery. In them the 
granulations are larger, more round, and less compact than those formed on 
ulcers in healthy parts. When they have come up to the level of the healthy 
parts, they do not readily form skin, but rising still higher, lose altogether the 
power of forming it. When the parts are still weaker, the granulations some- 
times fill up the hollow of the ulcer, and then are suddenly absorbed, leaving 
the sore as deep as ever. Ulcers are very much under the influence of what- 
ever affects the constitution; so that change of weather, emotions of the mind, 
diet, and other agents, quickly occasion a change in their condition. Such 
ulcers as we have been describing, require general as well as local treatment; 
bark, wine, porter, and other cordials and tonics are to be given; and the gran- 
ulations are to be kept from rising too much, by the prudent application of 
blue vitriol, lunar caustic, and the like, weakened sufficiently by proper admix- 
ture of ointment to act as stimulants, and not as caustics. This will give a 
proper and healthy action to the granulating surface; whereas the destroying 
of the rising parts by escharotics seems rather to encourage the growth. 
Bandages and proper support to the parts are highly useful. These ulcers, in 
weak parts, do not seem to be the better of poultices, or other relaxing applica- 
tions; powders rarely do good, and perhaps the best dressing is the citrine oint- 
ment, more or less diluted. 

4. Irritable Ulcers. — There are certain ulcers, which may be called 
Irritable Ulcers. The margin of the surrounding skin is jagged, and termi- 
nating in an edge which is sharp and undermined. There is no distinct appear- 
ance of granulations, but a whitish spongy substance, covered with a thin 
ichorous discharge. Every thing that touches the surface gives pain, and 
commonly makes the ulcer bleed. The pain sometimes comes on in paroxysms, 
and causes convulsive motions of the limb. Such ulcers seldom do well 
without a frequent change of treatment. Fomentations with poppy heads, 
chamomile flowers, or hemlock leaves, are sometimes of use in irritable ulcers. 
When poultices are prescribed, they should never be allowed to rest or bear 
weight on the sore limb. Powdered applications are generally too stimulating 
for irritable ulcers, and bandages also prove hurtful. 

5. Indolent Ulcers. — These ulcers are those which have the edges of 
the surrounding skin tliick, prominent, smooth, and rounded. The surface, of 
the granulations is smooth and glossy; the matter is thin and watery, and the 
bottom of the ulcer is nearly level. A great proportion of the ulcers in hos- 
pitals are of the most indolent kind. Indolent ulcers form granulations, but 


frequently they are all of a sudden absorbed, and in four and twenty hours the 
sore becomes as much increased in size as it had been diminished for many 
weeks. The principal applications required for indolent ulcers are those of a 
stimulating nature, as the basilicon ointment, and occasional sprinkling with 
red precipitate. Pressure is to be made by a roller, and by slips of adhesive 
plaster. Scrofulous, syphilitic, and cancerous ulcers are to be treated according 
to the methods laid down under these various diseases, 

PALSY. — A disease in which some part of the body is affected 
with the loss of the power of motion. It may be of all degrees, from a 
universal attack of the whole body, or a complete palsy of one of the sides, to 
the palsy of a single finger, or a few fibres of a muscle. It proceeds from the 
same causes as apoplexy, and is in reality often a modification or partial attack 
of that disease. The disease is also brought on by mere loss of nervous power, 
as when the brain "gives way," in hard-worked literary men. When a patient, 
by proper remedies, or the powers of nature, recovers a little from an attack 
of apoplexy, it is very common for him to be seized with palsy. 

Palsy sometimes comes on suddenly, at other times there is numbness, 
coldness, and paleness of the part about to be affected. Sometimes the judg- 
ment and memory are impaired; the speech is imperfect from the disease of 
both body and mind; the mouth and cheeks are distorted, and the countenance 
is expressive of much anxiety. When the lower extremities are partially 
affected, the patient drags them after him. 

Causes. — The same causes that excite apoplexy, occasion palsy when 
applied in a less degree; therefore tumors, wrong determination of blood, 
bruises, pressure on nerves, the drying up of usual evacuations, are often found 
to induce palsy. When one side of the body is palsied, the disease is termed 
hemiplegia, and when the lower part of the body is affected the disease is called 
paraplegia. Certain sedative substances, long applied, produce palsy of some 
parts of the body, as we see in those who work among lead, and are affected 
with the Devonshire Colic; one remarkable symptom of which is the palsy of 
the thumbs and calves of the legs. Palsy is not unfrequently produced gradu- 
ally by some tumor or other disease pressing on the vertebrae of the back; and 
this is commonly the cause of the palsy of young people. 

Prognosis. — It is generally unfavorable. Palsy does not suddenly prove 
mortal. Its cure is the more difficult the more the senses are injured; and 
such cases commonly continue till the end of life, often very remote. When 
palsy follows apoplexy, or happens in old people, it is seldom cured. The 
palsies of young people are sometimes recovered from. If convulsions occur 
in the parts opposite to those that are palsied, the danger is great. When 
jialsy occurs from pressure or blows on the spinal marrow, or on any large 
nerves, it is generally hopeless, and the dragging of the limb is seldom got 
completely the better of. 

Treatment. — When palsy comes on suddenly, it is proper to treat it as 
v/e do apoplexy sometimes, by bleeding, by purging, by blisters to the head; 
and when the acute symptoms are in some measure relieved, we apply stimu- 
lants to the limbs, or weakened parts, if they are within our reach. "When 


the case is of longer standing, and the constitution is in a state of debility, 
those evacuating measures would be improper; and instead of them we must 
be contented with stimulating applications, aided by such exercise as the 
patient is able to take. It is surprising how much may be done in cases appar- 
ently very hopeless. The patient must not be discouraged at the apparent bad 
success of his first efforts at motion, but must persevere, and his perseverance 
will probably at last be rewarded. The applications proper for palsied limbs 
are such as the following: Ammoniated oil, camphorated oil, cajeput oil, when 
it can be got; turpentine and oil, warm sea- water, warm salt, stinging with 
nettles, mustard, etc. Great benefit is often derived from strychnia, but this 
drug is so powerful that it ought to be given only by a medical man. Elec- 
tricity and galvanism are also frequently had recourse to; also the use of 
the Bath or other mineral waters pumped upon the palsied limbs. Our choice 
of internal medicines must be determined by the state of the constitution. If 
there be any excitement, or inflammatory tendency, or any probability that 
the palsy may be followed by apoplexy, all internal stimulants must be avoided; 
and it is only in old cases, unattended by fever, that we are to give such medi- 
cines as guaiac, iron, aromatics, or the like. Paralytic limbs should be kept warm, 
and well covered with flannel . The diet should be light and nutritive. The 
patient should take what exercise he can; and if he is unable to do it by his own 
exertions, he must have it by a carriage, or by sailing, or by a swing. In the 
palsy of the lower limbs from diseases of the spine, issues to the back, or to 
the neighborhood of the diseased vertebrae, are of great service. (See Apoplexy.) 

Remarks. — Many astonishing cures have been effected by taking the min- 
eral baths at Mt. Clemens and Ypsilanti, Midi. There may be other places, 
and I have no doubt there are, where the mineral waters will have the same 
effect. I only speak of these from my own knowledge. 

Palsy in children occurs pretty frequently, and attacks infants and young 
persons in different degrees. It often attacks one side at first, and gradually 
comes on the other side. It is generally attended with cosliveness and deranged 
state of the bowels ; and, accordingly, a course of purgative medicines of con- 
siderable activity, as jalap and calomel, or rhubarb and calomel, in no long 
time effects a cure. Blistering on the head, or on the palsied limb, may be 
tried; and leeches to the temples, when the head is much affected. If the 
palsy is owing to water in the head, it is to be feared the case is hopeless. 
Tonic medicines and external stimulants are proper, when there is no fever 
present. Electricity is often a valuable assistant to other remedies. 

SUPPOCATION.— Is the extinction of life by the function of breath- 
ing being violently stopped. This may happen from hanging and drowning; 
from blood or matter bursting from the lungs into the branches of the wind 
pipe; from inflammation or croup, producing a false membrane or thickened 
mucus in the air passages from foreign bodies sticking in the same; from large 
pieces of meat in the gullet pressing on the back of the wind pipe; and many 
similar incidents. Where the suffocation is complete nothing can be done; 
but -^here it is only threatened the proper means of relief are to be had 
recourse to, varying, of course, according to circumstances. Foreign bodies 


are to be extracted, if possible, from the windpipe, and vomited from the 
gullet, or pushed down into the stomach; and the means for restoring sus- 
pended animation to be employed in the case of hanging and drowning. 

SUFFOCATION FROM HANGING.— Immediately remove all 
clothing from the upper part of the body, and follow the directions \mder 
Artificial Respiration to restore breathing. 

VAPORS. — Immediately remove the person into the open air, and throw 
cold water upon the face, throat and chest, expel the foul gas from the lungs, 
and restore respiration by means prescribed for Artificial Respiration. As. 
soon as you discover the least breathing, hold strong vinegar to the nostrils. 
Should the suffocation be from breathing carbolic acid gas, chloride of soda 
or a solution of chloride of lime, is preferable, sometimes moistening a cloth, 
with either of the solutions, and holding it to the nose, will produce the 
desired effect. Oxygen should be forced into the lungs if it can be produced. 
Excite warmth in the manner prescribed for " Drowned Persons " on pages 
80 and 81. Where suffocation is caused by fire-damp in mines, wells, etc, 
remove the person at once and treat as above. 

apparently frozen to death, the body should be handled very carefully, and be 
very careful not to bend the joints; have the body in a cold place, and rub the 
same from head to foot with cold water or snow, for fifteen or twenty minutes, 
until the surface is red, then wipe the body perfectly dry and rub with bare 
warm hands; it is better if several persons will join in this rubbing, and then 
wrap the body in a woolen sheet, and follow the directions as in "Artificial 
Respiration " to restore breathing. This treatment must be continued with 
energy for several hours if necessary, and until animation and respiration are thor- 
oughly restored. Allow the patient to swallow a little lukewarm water and 
wine or red pepper, or ginger tea. 

STRICTURE OF THE RECTUM.— In many cases this is the result of 
an inflammatory process, simple or syphilitic, from the cicatrization of deep- 
seated and extensive ulceration; in others, it is due to the contraction of inflam- 
matory material poured out external to the bowel in the sub-mucous tissue; in 
exceptional instances it may be caused by contraction of the parts external to 
the bowel, after pelvic cellulitis, and Curling quotes a case where it was the 
direct result of injury. 

The disease, taken as a whole, is twice as common in women as in men, 
my note book revealing the fact that thirty-two out of forty-eight consecutive 
cases were in this sex. But syphilitic stricture is more common in the female, 
and cancerous stricture in the male. 

Constipation is the one early symptom, and it is not till some ulceration 
has commenced, either at the stricture or above it, that others appear, such as 
diarrhoea, with lumpy stools, containing blood, pus or mucus, straining at stool, 
and a sensation of burning afterward, with at last a complete stoppage, 
abdominal distension and dyspeptic symptoms, 


An examination with the finger carefully introduced into the rectum will, 
as a rule, at once reveal the true nature of the case, for about two inches up 
the rectum the narrowing will be felt, with or without new tissue infiltrating 
the part or ulceration. In exceptional cases the stricture is beyond the reach 
of the finger; under these circumstances, however, it may, at times, be brought 
within reach by pressing with the free hand upon the abdomen above the pelvis. 

The examination of a rectum, the subject of disease with a tube, flexible 
or otherwise, requires the greatest care and gentleness. Fallacies may mis- 
lead the surgeon in every way, the end of the instrument striking against the 
sacrum, or being caught in a fold of mucous membrane, may lead him to sus- 
pect obstruction where none exists. But if some warm fluid, as linseed tea, 
be injected somewhat forcibly through the tube, a place is formed admitting 
the easy transit of the instrument. In stricture pain is felt when an instru- 
ment reaches the point of contraction, and a flexible one is arrested or passed 
on with more or less difficulty. 

Treatment. — It is so rare for a surgeon to be consulted about a stricture 
of the rectum till the ulcerative stage has set in, or nearly complete obstruc- 
tion has taken place, that he has few opportunities of testing the value of 
dilatation of the stricture, for, although this practice is clearly useless if not 
injurious when ulceration exists, it is probably of great value before any 
breach of the surface has taken place. In cicatricial or inflammatory stric- 
tures, indeed, it is the only form of practice upon which reliance is to be 
placed, but in the cancerous, whether in the ulcerating style or not, it is not 
wise to make the attempt. 

The dilatation is to be effected by mechanical means, and many instru- 
ments have been invented for the purpose. The elastic gum bougie, in the 
hands of the surgeon is, however, the best; forcible dilatation is inadmissible. 
They are made in many sizes, and the one just large enough to pass through 
the stricture should be chosen. It should be warmed and well greased, and 
guided by the finger passed gently through the stricture, and retained for ten or 
fifteen minutes at a time. When it does not produce any irritation, a second 
larger, may be passed in two days. But when irritation has set in, the repe- 
tition of the operation should be suspended until it has subsided. By these 
means a simple stricture may be checked in its progress, and even dilated, but 
rarely cured; this practice may prolong life for years. Mr. Curling has, how- 
ever, given a case in his book in which he believes he cured an annular stric- 
ture in a lady, age 24, by incisions and dilatation. 

This dilatation is, however, only a means to an end, and that end is to 
secure a passage for the intestinal contents. Enemata are valuable aids 
to effect this purpose, the daily washing out of the bowels with gruel and oil 
giving great relief, or the daily dose of mist, olei with manna, confection of 
senna with sulphur, or any other gentle laxative that the patient has found to 
suit. Cod liver oil in full doses often acts as a laxative as well as a tonic. 
Care must, however, be observed in the introduction of the tube, for in a can- 
cerous bowel perforation is very apt to occur, and even in a healthy one the 
same accident has taken place. 


How far it is safe to allow a patient to pass a bougie for himself or herself, 
is another question. I am disposed to think it is an unwise act to allow when 
the bougie is solid, for I am sure I have seen great irritation and harm follow 
upon the practice, and in several cases deep seated suppuration. Curling has 
given a case where the patient caused his own death by perforating the bowel, 
half au inch in extent, above the stricture. I have, consequently, been in the 
habit of instructing my patients to use candles as bougies, and have been well 
pleased with the practice. 

There comes a time, however, when this treatment by dilatation ceases to 
be beneficial; when the stricture has so closed as to render it useless; or ulcer- 
ated so as to render it unwise to adopt the practice; or associated with so much 
distress as to forbid its use; and under these circumstances the practice of 
colotomy is of great value; it gives comfort to a degree that sometimes aston- 
ishes, and always gratifies. On convalescence or recovery, it is not found to 
be practically associated with such inconveniences as surgeons of old have 
practically surrounded it. It prolongs life and adds materially to its comfort, 
and little more than this can be said of most operations. But it must not be 
postponed till the powers of life have become so exhausted as to render the 
chances of recovery from the operation poor; or till the large intestine has 
become so distended as to have become damaged or inflamed. It should be 
undertaken as soon as it is clear that the local disease has passed beyond the 
power of local treatment with any prospect of good, and the general powers 
of the patient are beginning to fail; as soon as the local distress finds no relief 
from palliative measures, and a downward coui'se, with unmixed anguish, is evi- 
dently approaching. The difiiculties of colotomy are not great, nor are its dangers 
numerous. When unsuccessful, it is usually made so from the delay in its 
performance; from want of power in the patient; or death has resulted from 
the secondary effects of the disease on the abdominal viscera. 

When most successful, it gives immediate relief to most of the symptoms, 
and makes life worth living. When least so, by lessening pain, it renders 
what remains of life endurable. The operation is now regarded as established, 
and creditable to surgical art, and according to Curling; but, in the general 
way, it has been postponed until too late a period to demonstrate its value. 

HYDROPHOBIA.— Treatment. — Cut off the bitten part, or apply 
dry cupping, or suction, at once. Also the caustic potash. The internal 
remedies heretofore employed have had little success. Perhaps nothing now 
known promises more than to keep the patient, for a long time, under the 
influence of chloroform or ether. The tincture of scullcap, in 2 or 3 dram 
doses, will allay the nervous agitation, and is always worth using. It has been 
proposed to clear the throat of the tough mucus by cauterizing it with a strong 
solution of nitrate of silver applied with a shower syringe. The remedy is 
worthy of a trial. 

Some of the Western physicians declare the red chickweed, or scarlet 
pimpernell, to be an absolute remedy for this disease, and cite some quite 
remarkable cases of its success. Four ozs. of this plant, in the dried state, are 
directed to be boiled in 2 qts. of strong beer or ale, until t-he liquid is reduce<i 


one half. The liquid is to be pressed out and strained, and 2 drs. of laudanum 
added to it. The dose for a grown person is a wine-glassful every morning, 
for 3 mornings. A larger dose is required if the disease has begun lo show 
itself; and if the case be fully developed, the whole may be taken in a day. 
The wound is to be bathed with the same decoction. The medicine, it Is said, 
produces profuse sweating. It is worth a trial. 

Considerable has been said of late of a remedy used in some p".rts of 
Europe, and said to be effectual. It is the " golden cenotides " (cetonia aurata), 
or common rose beetle, found in large quantities on all rose trees. A similar 
insect is said to infest the geranium plant. When collected, they are dried and 
powdered; and given in this form, relieve excitement (so it is said) of the brain 
and nerves, and throw the patient into a sound sleep. 

HEARTBURN. — What is commonly called heartburn is not a disease 
of the heart, but an uneasy sensation of heat or acrimony about the pit of the 
stomach, accompanied sometimes by a rising in the throat like water. 

Causes. — Debility of the stomach ; the food, instead of being properly 
digested and turned into chyle, runs into fermentation, producing acetic acid; 
sometimes the gastric juice itself turns acid, and causes it; at other times, it 
arises from bilious humors in the stomach. 

Treatment. — Take 1 tea-spoonful of the spirit of nitrous ether, in a glass 
of water or a cup of tea; or a large tea-spoonful of magnesia, in a cup of tea, 
or a glass of mint-water. 

DISEASES OP THE HEART. — The heart, from the important 
part which it plays in the animal economy, is subject to various, serious and 
often fatal diseases. Like the other viscera, it is removed from the eye, so that 
but little knowledge of its condition can be obtained by inspection; and hence 
we must have recourse to other means. The ear is the principal means of 
obtaining a knowledge of the state of the heart, and by auscultation and per- 
cussion we are enabled to detect the existence of various diseases. The heart 
gives out two sounds, known as the first and second, which are distinguished 
from each other. The first sound is longer than the second, and the interval 
between the first and second sounds is shorter than that between the second 
and first. They have been compared to the two syllables lupp, dupp. Any 
manifest alteration in these sounds is indicative of the existence of disease. 
They may be high or low, clear or dull, muffled, rough, intermittent, etc. 
Murmurs or regurgitant sounds may arise from disease of the valves. The 
power of distinguishing between the normal and abnormal sounds of the heart, 
and of the causes producing the latter, can only be obtained by lengthened 
experience. Diseases of the heart are usually divided into two classes- first, 
functional or nervous; and second, structural or organic. Chief among the 
former are palpitations, syncope or fainting, and angina pectoris. They are 
chiefly to be met with in persons of a naturally nervous temperament, more 
especially women suffering from hysteria, or other like complaints, and may 
be induced by great mental excitement. In such cases great attention should 
be paid to the general health, and, by means of tonics, sea-bathing, and gentle 
open-air exercise, the system is to be strengthened. Violent exertion and strong 


mental excitement are particularly to be avoided. Among the principal organic 
diseases to "which the heart is subject are pericarditis, carditis, endocarditis, 
atrophy, hypertrophy, dilation and valvular diseases. 

Treatment. — In all cases of heart disease, the body and mind should be 
tept as easy and cheerful as possible. The diet should be well regulated, — 
Nourishing but not stimulating. Coffee, tea, liquors, and tobacco must be 
lispensed with. The feet should be constantly dry and warm, and occasion- 
illy rubbed with mustard. 

For inflammatory diseases of the heart, the bowels, if costive, may be 
Qoved with compound tincture of jalap. To each dose add 10 grs. of cream 
of tartar. Keep up a perspiration till the pain is relieved, by giving a tea- 
spoonful of compound tincture of Virginia snake-root; also a warm infusion 
of pleurisy-root. Mustard-plasters over the chest and spinal column are also 
to be employed. If the patient is troubled with sleeplessness, give 8 to 10 grs, 
of compound powder of ipecac and opium. 

For palpitation, the tincture of digitalis, 10 or 15 drops 3 or 4 times a day, 
has been found useful. "When the nervous system is affected, give small quan- 
tities of wine or spirits, or a few drops of laudanum or ether. 

For neuralgia, or breast-pang, gi ?e a tea-spoonful of a mixture of equal 
parts of laudanum, ether, and oil of castor. The powder of Indian hemp-root 
may also be taken in doses of a small tea-spoonful 2 or 3 times a day. If the 
stomach is acid, a tea-spoonful of soda in half a tumbler of water will cor- 
rect it. 

1. INFLAMMATION OP THE LIVER.— Treatment.— Wheo 
the bowels are confined, usually termed a costive state of the bowels, 1 pt. 
of warm water, 1 table-spoonful of salt, and 1 tea-spoonful of hog's lard, as a 
clyster, will give relief; or take one or two of the following liver pills at bed- 

Dr. Chase's Cathartic and Liver Pill.— Take podophyllin, 60 grs. ; 
leptandrin, sanguinarin, ipecac, and pure cayenne, each 30 grs.; make into 60 
pills, with a little soft extract of mandrake or dandelion. This is the best pill 
I have ever used, as a cathartic and liver pill, and to act on the secretions gen- 
erally. As a purgative the dose is from 2 to 4 pills, for a grown person; 
and as an alterative and substitute for blue mass, and to act on the liver, 1 
pill once a day, or every other day. 

Remarks. — Should you not wish to go to the trouble of making this pill, 
inquire at the drug store for it, or send 25 cents to the Chase Medicine Com- 
pany, Detroit, Mich. , for it. 

When, from any cause, the languor, sleepiness, furred tongue, etc., give 
notice of an impending bilious attack, 4 or 5 of the liver pills should be 
taken at night, and followed in the morning by a dose of infusion of senna 
and salts, or a dose of castor oil. Extract of dandelion made into pills with 1 
gr. of leptandrin to each pill, 1 taken every night, is an excellent remedy. 
From a long practical experience I have found that the dandelion is a most 
valuable medicine for this complaint, and there are herbs to cure all diseases 
provided by our Heavenly Father, if we would but seek them out and test 


their virtues. But experiments on this subject have been too much neglected 
to afford us all the information we need. I have found the use of the dande- 
lion in the treatment of this disease to be a most valuable remedy. Indeed I 
may here observe that in the treatment of liver complaint the same precaution- 
ary remarks as those on indigestion, will also apjDly to this disease — that sick 
headache, foul tongue, or heaviness in the region of the stomach, will indicate 
the necessity of giving a mild emetic of ipecacuanha; and should there be 
great heat, inflammation, or feverishness, the use of warm lemonade or a dose 
of salts mixed in warm water, and bathing the feet in warm water, so as to 
produce perspiration or determination to the surface will afford relief. Should 
the bowels be costive, regulate them with the following valuable pills: Take 
extract of butternut, 30 grs. ; powdered jalap, 20 grs. ; soap, 10 grs. Mix. 
Make 15 pills. Three or 4 is a dose. The extract of butternut has been found 
one of the best cathartics in fevers, and as a general purgative medicine. 

Dr. Wilson, in the Medico-Chirurgical Review, says: "The more the dan- 
delion is employed the more certain proofs it will afford of its great virtues," 
— a fact to which my experience enables me to testify. In my own practice, 
more than a hundred cases have been cured either by the simple extract of the 
herb and root, or by taking a tea-cupful of a strong decoction of dandelion 
twice a day. In almost every instance I have succeeded in relieving and restor- 
ing those who have used this most valuable plant of the fields. 

2. The dandelion is diuretic and aperient, and has a direct action upon 
the liver and kidneys when languid ; and is likewise applicable to all derange- 
ments of the digestive organs generally. In chronic inflammation of the liver 
and spleen, in cases of deficient biliary secretions and in dropsical affec- 
tions of the abdominal viscera or belly, it will be found very beneficial. 
Tlie inspissated (thick) extract is the most eflicacious and active form of using 
this plant, and may be purchased at any drug store; the doses of these are 
from 10 grs. to J.^ dr. I have, however, generally used it in a decoction as 
before mentioned. 

3. The constant application of hot poultices relieves the pain and hastens 
cure. This is good for inflammation of any of the internal organs. 

For disordered liver, good strong thoroughwort (boneset) tea is a mother's 
cure. For thorough case of biliousness there is nothing. better than Dr. Chase's 
Cholagogue; it combines the antibilious ingredients that act directly upon the 
liver in a mild and pleasant form, and is very effective in all malarial diseases. 

1. BRAIN— Inflammation or Concussion of.— The name given 
to the injury supposed to be received by the brain from great violence inflicted 
on the head, when there organic injury discovered, neither fissure, frac- 
ture, nor extravasation, either in the living or dead body. The same symptoms 
occur when the head has not received any external injury, and when the shock 
has appeared to have been sustained by tlie whole frame. A person may fall 
from a height, light on his feet, and yet be affected with all the symptoms of 
concussion of the brain. These vary in degree from the slight stunning which 
follows almost every violence done to the head, to the loss of all sense and 


motion which is soon followed by death. Dr. Abernethy thinks that the 
symptoms of concussion may properly be divided in three stages; the first 
is that state of insensibility and derangement of the bodily powers which im- 
mediately succeeds the accident. The breathing is difficult, but in general 
without stertor or snoring; the pulse intermits, and the extremities are cold. 
This goes off gradually, and is succeeded by the second stage; in this, the' 
pulse and breathing are better, and though not regular, are sufficient to main- 
tain life, and to diffuse warmth over the extreme parts of the body. The 
patient is inattentive to slight external impressions, though he feels when the 
skin is pinched. As the effects of concussion diminish, he replies to questions 
put to him in a loud tone of voice, particularly if they refer to his own suffer- 
ing; otherwise he answers incoherently, and as if his attention was occupied by 
something else. While the stupor remains there appears little inflammation of 
the brain, but as the stupor abates, the inflammation increases; and this consti- 
tutes the third stage. Much caution and prudence are required in the treat- 
ment of the tirst stage. A person is knocked down and becomes insensible; 
many have seen or heard of bleeding being employed when a person has fallen 
down suddenly, and the bystanders impatiently require that this shall be the 
first article of the treatment. But the breathing is slow, the pulse intermitting 
and the extremities cold ; and to draw blood in such circumstances as these 
would be taking the effectual method completely to extinguish life. Again, 
suppose people were to reason from the resemblance of the state in which the 
patient is in, to that of a person in a faint, and should as in that case give 
stimulant liquors by the mouth, or apply pungent substances to the nose, there 
is danger here, that by such appliances, the subsequent inflammation may be 
increased. The utmost that should be tried is the endeavoring to restore the 
heat of the extremities by friction with warm cloths or with stimulating embro- 
cations; we must wait a little till we see whether the patient recovers from the 
first stunning effect of the blow, and then be regulated in our future treatment 
by the symptoms that occur. Those that we are principally to look for art, 
those of an inflammatory tendency; and to prevent the evils arising in the 
after stages of concussion, we are to employ bleeding and purging, to keep the 
patient in a dark room, to) enjoin perfect quiet, and to put in force the anti- 
phlogistic (inflaming) regimen. 

2. Brain— Inflammation of.— Inflammation of the brain and its mem- 
branes is characterized by very violent feverish symptoms, great flushing of 
the face, redness of the eyes, intolerance of light and furious delirium; the 
skin is hot and dry, the pulse hard and frequent, the bowels are costive, and 
there is a great feeling of tightness across the forehead. 

Causes. — These symptoms are occasioned by passions of the mind, by drink- 
ing spirituous liquors; and in warm climates by exposure to the sun forming 
what is called sun-stroke. 

Treatment. — Quiet both of mind and body with cooling aperient medi- 
cines, abstinence from all rich and stimulating food and drink is the proper 
treatment; in those of spare, weakly habit, it is sometimes owing to want of 
vital energy, and in this case the diet should be rich and stimulating; and the 


aperients, if required, must be of a cordial nature; but all this should be left 
to the medical practitioner; the disease too nearly affects the issues of life and 
death to be tampered with, and a doctor must be called. 

1. THROAT, INFLAMMATION OF,— Quinsy and sore throat 
are names of an acute disease, of which the seat is in the mucous mem- 
brane of the upper part of the throat, and all the surrounding parts of 
the muscles which move the jaws. The tonsils or almonds of the ears, 
are especially affected, and the inflammation extends to the pendulous velum 
of the palate and to the uvula. Commonly, shiverings and other symptoms of 
approaching fever precede the affection of the throat, which is attended with 
pain and difficulty of swallowing, the pain sometimes shooting to the ear; 
there is also troublesome clamminess of the mouth and throat; a frequent but 
diflScult discharge of mucus; and at an early period of the disease the fever is 
fully formed. The inflammation and swelling are commonly most consider- 
able at first in one tonsil; and afterwards, abating in that, they increase in the 
other. The disease is not contagious. When the disease is actively treated at 
an early period, it abates gradually, or is said to end in resolution ; but very 
often it goes on to suppuration, and the pus which is evacuated is of the most 
fetid and nauseous kind. Very soon after the abscess breaks, great relief is 
obtained, and the pain and difl^culty of swallowing cease. 

Causes. — The most frequent cause is cold, externally applied, particularly 
about the neck. It is chiefly the young and sanguine who are affected; and 
when a person has had sore throat once or more, he is very liable to frequent 
repetitions of it, so that the slightest exposure to cold, or getting wet feet, will 
bring on an attack of the disease. It occurs especially in spring and autumn, 
when vicissitudes of heat and cold are frequent. 

Remarks. — The principal point in the diagnosis of this disease is to dis- 
tinguish it from the sore throat which attends scarlet fever; in some varieties 
of which the rash is inconsiderable, although the disease of the throat goes 
rapidly on to gangrene, accompanied with a destructive fever of the typhoid 
kind. The distinction between the two kinds of sore throat is of great import- 
ance, as it most materially influences our practice. It is, in general, easily 
made by proper attention. The smart fever, the diflSculty of swallowing, and 
the bright florid redness of the parts, mark out the inflammatory sore throat 
with suflicient distinctness; and we are in many cases assisted by observing the 
person affected to be often subject to the disease, which occurs soon after the 
application of cold. The dangerous and malignant sore throat is known by 
the dark and livid color about the fauces, by the appearance of specks on the 
part, which rapidly spread and form sloughs; and by the circumstance of 
scarlet fever being the prevailing epidemic. The treatment proper in inflam- 
matory sore throat would be destructive here. And it is probably the knowl- 
edge that some sore throats are so dangerous, that makes many people much 
alarmed when a quinsy seizes themselves or any of their family. 

Tkeatment. — When sore throat is threatened, it may in many cases be 
prevented from coming forward, by using a strong astringent gargle. Of these, 


there is a great variety. As useful a one as can be made is that with diluted 
vinegar, a little sweetened with honey or sugar. The infusion of red rose 
leaves, acidulated with a few drops of sulphuric acid, forms a very elegant 
gargle. The same purpose may be served by gargling with strong spirits, or 
with the decoction of oak-bark or diluted spirit of hartshorn not so strong as 
to hurt the mouth. A blister behind the ear, extending from under the lower 
jaw to the wind-pipe, will almost certainly prevent the internal disorder of the 
throat; but it must be put on at the early part of the disease, or it will do no 
good. If this is not done, Dr. Chase's Liniment should be rubbed on the under 
,jaw, below the chin. An emetic may be given at the commencement of the 
disease, but a saline purgative is better. Gargles must be used with incessant 
diligence as long as the disease continues. Jellies of preserved fruits, vegetable 
acids, or good sharp small beer, may assist the gargles in keeping the mouth 
clean and allaying the thirst; but the difficulty of swallowing is so great that 
the patient is very apt to save himself the pain, and let the throat get dry. 
However, a resolute draught occasionally to quench the thirst, gives little more 
pain than swallowing the spittle. A little bit of sal ammoniac, or sal prunella, 
allowed slowly to dissolve in the mouth, is useful. If there is much swelling, 
and pain in swallowing, 4 or 5 leeches may be applied outside the throat, and 
afterwards large bran poultices should be assiduously kept on. At the same 
time marked relief will be got by inhaling the steam of hot water, impregnated 
with vinegar or any aromatic; and if there is a tendency to suppuration, this 
is a good way of ripening the abscess, which often forms in the tonsils. As 
the sore throat and fever are sometimes relieved by perspiration, the patient 
should keep his bed for a few days. Sometimes the swelling is so great that 
nothing can be swallowed, and the breathing is impeded. The tonsils have been 
scarified, or the abscess has been opened, and the operation of opening the 
wind-pipe may be sometimes required. Happily those very violent cases are 
of rare occurrence. 

2. The yolk of a raw egg is excellent for sore throat of public speakers. 

3. Gargle frequently with hot water and vinegar in which black pepper 
has been boiled. 

Remarks. — I would add: apply to the throat flannel cloths wrung out of 
hot water and vinegar, covering them with dry ones. (See receipts for sore 
throat elsewhere.) 

1. INFLAMMATION OP THE LUNGS.— This disease requires 
prompt treatment, and of course, if possible, a physician should be called at the 
earliest moment. "When one is not to be had conveniently, let no time be lost, 
but pursue the course here marked out, which in a great many cases will be 
the means of curing the disease, or checking it while medical aid is being pro- 

Treatment. — Open the bowels by means of an injection, and also giving 
some mild purgative, such as castor oil, Epsom or Rochelle salts, or rhubarb. 
Apply leeches, 10 to 20 to the side affected, if they can be procured; if not, 
scarify (to scratch or cut the skin off) and apply the cups, (cupping is the operatioD 


of drawing blood after the skin has been scratched off)af ter which a warm poultJce 
of bran, Indian meal, or linseed meal or slippery elm, etc., to be sprinkled over 
with a little laudanum or paregoric ; to be applied frequently. Small doses o? ipe- 
cac, either in powder or the syrup, should be given every 3 hours, just so a^ to pro- 
duce slight nausea hut not vomiting. When this has been continued fot about 12 
hours, then use the following mixture: Water, 8 ozs. (1 gill); syrup of ipecac, 
1 table-spoonful, or 5 grs. of the powder; chlorate of potash, 1 dr., or about 
1 tea-spoonful; spirits of nitre, 2 table-spoonfuls. Dose — A tea-spoonf ui every 
3 hours; if much sickness of the stomach is produced, not so often Let the 
patient have plenty of cooling drinks, such as flaxseed tea, gum arable, or 
slippery elm water, toast water, etc. The bowels to be moved occasionally by 
a dose of castor oil. 

Dr. Scudder's treatment of this disease is so short, plain and effective,! will 
give it in his own words. He says: 

" Have the person bathed with an alkaline wash, to prevent undue heat of 
the skin, and apply a poultice of bran, or corn meal to the chest, changing it 
twice a day, keeping the patient well covered. Give internally, tinct. of ver- 
atrum, 1 dr.; tinct. of aconite, 20 drops; water, 4 ozs.; a tea-spoonful every 
hour until the fever is subdued, and then in smaller doses. On the third, or 
fourth day, add a solution of acetate of potash as follows: Acetate of potash, 
1 oz. ; water, 8 ozs. ; simple syrup, 2 ozs. ; mix. This will be found an excel- 
lent diuretic in fevers and inflammations, headaches, etc., as it helps to carry 
off the urea, or solid matter that should be carried off by the urine. Dose — 
tea-spoonful every 1, 2 or 3 hours as required. 

' ' The patient's bowels should be kept regular, but active physic should be 
avoided. If the cough is very severe, give a sufficient dose of opium to give 
the necessary sleep. Let the patient's food be light and nutritious. Keep the 
room well ventilated, and everything scrupulously clean." 

Thus you have it in a "nut shell." The variations which I make are as 

In cases where a good nurse, or plenty of help is not to be had to look 
after the comfort of the patient, instead of the "bran, or cornmeal poultice to 
the chest," I use a bag of hot dry bran, changing it suflSciently often to keep it 
hot, and occasionally use a mustard poultice, having a thin piece of cloth between 
the poultice and the body, as this means appears, at least, to have as good an 
effect, and avoids the icetting of the bed clothing and the chilly dampness 
which will arise unless, as above stated, you have plenty of help and use great 
care to keep the patient dry and comfortable. 

Also, if the case is taken in hand at once, in the commencement of the 
disease, 1 take the sweating process at first, as you will see below, but if the 
disease gets some days the start, then the " alkaline wash," or spirit sponging, 
not only " twice a day," but as often as it will add to the comfort of the patient. 
The temperature of the "wash" must also be governed by the patient's feel- 
ings — if he wants it cool, have it so, if warm, make it to his liking. The 
tinctures of veratrum vii'ide, and aconite, in all injlammatoi'y diseases and in 
fevers, I consider almost an absolute necessity. 

2. Sweating Process. — Pleurisy has been cured with but very little 
other treatment than the bag of hot dry bran, being kept upon the side for the 
greater portion of the day, after the case became severe. As often as one 

l_Witch Hazel, or VVinterbloom. 2-Blue Cohosh, or Papoose Root. 3-Golden 
Seal, or Yellow Puccoon. 4-Poison Hemlock. 5-Pleurisy Root, or 
Butterfly Weed. 


became at all cool, another was ready to be applied, as hot as it could be boriKi, 
by which means a little perspiration was kept up, until the severity of the. 
pain gave way, and the cure was complete — in fact, inflammation nor f evev 
can long exist in the system after a gentle perspiration is fully established, and 
permanently maintained. 

Remarks.— There is no alkaline wash equal to that made by leaching ashes 
in the regular way, as for making soap, then put sufficient of this lye to the water 
to give it quite a perceptible slippery feeling to the hand. Dr. Beach recommends 
it very highly in all fevers and inflammations, when there is any considirable 
iQYQT, to be used as often as the 7ieai or dry harshness of the skin calls for it. 

3. Sal-soda makes a passable substitute, using of it until the same slip 
pery feeling is obtained. The putting of sufficient ashes into a pail ol' water and 
stirring until a good strength is obtained, then straining off, also answers very 

4. Congestion of Lungs.— Bandage limbs tightly at arm pit and 
groin. Keep the blood in the extremities. 

5. Apply hot fomentations or poultices to chest; renew fireq^ently and 
keep covered with dry compress. 

1. ACID IN STOMACH.— Also Inflammation from Gas.— 

Chloroform, 10 to 20 drops in a little sweetened water, ten oi Sfteen minute? 
after meals. 

Remarks. — I know from experience that this is an excellent, remedy. 

2. For pains in the stomach, or old stomach troubles: foi an adult, 1 tea' 
spoonful of fl. ex. of Eucalyptus in milk, before meals, will produce instant 
relief in most cases. 

3. Lying with the head lower than the rest of the body during sleep at 
night cures headache caused from a deranged stomach. 

INFLAMMATION OF THE STOMACH.— This is a very much 
more common disease than the preceding. Though it does not put life in immedi- 
ate danger, it perverts the feelings of the stomach and causes many of the symp- 
toms of indigestion. Dyspepsia, however, is a different cowplaint, and not 
necessarily connected with inflammation. 

Treatment. — If there be much tenderness, we may apply leeches over 
the stomach. With less tenderness, counter-irritation will answer, — as blist- 
ers, croton oil, mustard poultices, the compound tar plaster^ or dry cups. 

The skin of the whole surface should receive special attention. The 
warm or the cold bath should be used often, according to the strength of the 
patient. When the reaction is good, a cold compress bound upon the stomach 
every night will do much to bring relief. 

The diet cannot be too carefully managed. While there is considerable 
tenderness, the nourishment must be of the most simple and un-irritating kind, 
— consisting of little more than the most bland nutritive drinks; and even 
these should be taken in small quantities at a time. Gum arable water, rice 
water, barley water, arrowroot gruel, tea, and toast without butter will be 


amply sufficient to keep soul and body together, and will, in two or three 
weeks, generally starve the enemy out of his quarters. After this a more 
nourishing diet may gradually be resumed. 


Like other chronic inflammations, this may follow the acute form, but it also 
results from various other causes, as unripe fruit, taking cold, drastic physic, 
and improper treatment of other diseases. 

Symptoms. — Red end and borders of the tongue, dull pain in belly, 
increased by pressure and rough motion, abdomen either swelled or flat, skin 
dry and husky, feet and hands cold, small frequent pulse, thirst, loss of flesh, 
low spirits, urine scanty and high-colored, and dirty, slimy discharges from 
the bowels, from one to four times a day. 

Treatment. —To begin with blisters of croton oil or mustard poultices 
if the tenderness is not great, or leeches if it is. 

If the bowels are hot and feverish, bind a cold compress upon the belly 
over night, — covering it well with flannel. The warm bath should be used 
twice a week. 

The diet must be of the most simple, un-irritating kind, — beginning with 
a solution of gum arabic, rice water, barley water, arrowroot or sago gruel, 
and gradually rising as the symptoms improve, to beef tea, mutton and chicken 
' broth, tender beef steak, etc. 

When the strength will permit gentle exercise must be taken in the open 
air, but not on horseback or in hard, jolting carriages. 

As soon as the inflammation is subdued some mild laxative may be given 
in connection with an infusion of wild cherry bark, geranium, and Solomon's 
seal, equal parts. 


Avoid everything of a heating or stimulating nature, and let the diet consist 
chiefly of light, thin broth, mild vegetables, etc.; drink plentifully of balm tea, 
sweetened with honey, decoction of marshmallow roots, with barley licorice, 
etc. Nothing so safely and certainly abates the inflammation as copious dilu- 
tion. Should there be much pain in the back, heat should be applied to the 
part; and this is done by means of cloths dipped in hot water, re-warmed as 
they grow cool. Another good plan is to fill bladders with a decoction of 
madders and camomile flowers, to which is added a little saffron, and mixed 
with about a third part of new milk. Should there be shivering and signs of 
fever with considerable tenderness over the kidneys, and no medical advice at 
hand a few leeches may be applied. After some time the bowels should be freely 
opened, and the best means.of effecting this is with 3 grs. of calomel, and 2 hours 
afterward J^anoz. of castor oil; subsequently the following may be given; car- 
bonate of soda, 2drs. ; spirit of nitric ether, tincture of henbane, of each 2 drs.; 
syrup of tolu, mixture of acacia, of each 1 oz. ; camphor mixture 4 to 8 ozs. ; 
mix, and take half a wine-glassful every 4 hours. A very good remedy is 
the following- Take of tincture of opium, liquor of ammonia, spirit of tur- 
pentine, and soap liniment, of each equal portions; mix and rub well into 


the parts affected. In conjunction with this external application, take of 
infusion of buchu, 11 drs. ; powdered tragacanth, 5 grs. ; tincture of buchu, 
1 dr. ; mix for a draught, and take every morning. If there be much nausea, 
a clyster should be administered, consisting of a dram of laudanum, with 3^ 
a tea-cupful of thin starch; this to be injected every 3 or 3 hours, or at longer 
intervals, according to the effect produced. Employ the warm bath, and 
afterwards warm fomentations to the stomach and loins; drink freely of lin- 
seed tea. Take also of sulphate of magnesia 1 oz. ; solution of carbonate of 
magnesia, 1 oz. ; tincture of henbane and tincture of ginger, of each 3 drs. ; 
sulphuric ether, J^ a dr. ; water, 4 ozs. ; mix and give 3 table-spoonfuls every 
6 hours. Those who have once suffered from inflammation of the kidneys 
are very liable to it again ; to prevent a recurrence of the attack, they shoifld 
abstain from wine and stimulants; use moderate exercise; avoid exposure to 
wet and cold; eat of food light and easy of digestion; not lie too much on the 
back, and on a mattress in preference to. a bed 

2. Aconite in minute doses is good for kidney complaint, peritonitis, 
puerperal fever, etc. 

3. Constant application of poultices, as recommended in "2" for the 
liver, promotes cure and relieves pain. 


disease affects the lining membrane of the bladder, — sometimes its muscular sub- 
stance. It may attack the upper portion, the middle, or the neck of this organ. 
It runs a rapid course. 

Treatment. — If the urine be retained, it is of the utmost importance 
that it be early drawn off with the catheter, lest a distention of the bladder 
bring on mortification. Great care is required not to produce irritation by 
any roughness in introducing the instrument. 

Leeches should be applied upon the lower part of the bowels, the perinseum 
and around the anus. When these are removed, warm poultices should be 
applied. Cold compresses will often do as well. The bowels must be opened 
with Epsom salts. Injections of warm water with a few drops of tincture of 
arnica leaves will act finely as a local bath, — the water being retained as long 
as possible. 

The tincture of veratrum viride will be required in 5 to 10-drop doses, or 
the compound tincture of Virginia snake root to induce perspiration. Dover's 
powders may sometimes be used for the same purpose. 

Drinks must be taken very sparingly. A small amount of cold infusion 
of slippery elm bark or marshmallow and peach leaves. This mucilaginous 
drink must be the beginning and the end of the diet during the active stage of 
the disease. 

2. Inflammation of the Bladder — Chronic. —This is much 
more common than the active form of the disease. It often arises from the 
same causes which produce acute inflammation of the bladder. 


It often passes under the title of "catarrh of the bladder." It is a chronic 
inflammation of the mucous lining of the bladder, and is a very common and 
troublesome affection among old people. 

Treatment. — To reduce the inflammation apply leeches, mustard, croton 
oil, or a cold compress every night. 

As a diuretic give an infusion of buchu, uva ursi, trailing arbutus, queen 
of the meadow, etc. The compound infusion of trailing arbutus is well 
recommended. So is the compound balsam of sulphur. An infusion of the 
pods of beans has been well spoken of, but I have found the following very 
effective: Pulverized gum arable, 1 scruple; soft water, 2 ozs., sweet spirits of 
nitre, }4 oz. ; tincture of veratrum viride, 20 drops. Mix. Give % a tea- 
spoonful every half hour. 

3. An injection into the bladder once a day of a tepid infusion of golden 
seal root with much care may be of great service; or an infusion of equal 
parts of golden seal, witch hazel and stramonium. It may be done with a 
gum elastic catheter and a small syringe. 

The bowels must be kept open with the neutralizing mixture or some other 
mild physic; and the skin bathed with saleratus and water once a day and 
rubbed well with a coarse towel. 

Should there be any scrofulous, gouty, or rheumatic condition of the 
system, the remedies for those complaints may be used in addition to the above. 

4. For an adult, 1 pint a day of compound of sarsaparilla is the " boss" 
cure for gravel, and restores the worn out and wasted system. Try it. 

1. BRONCHITIS. — Treatment. — The patient should, as a matter of 
course, be confined to bed; warm diluent drinks, such as flaxseed tea, or barley 
water, with a slice or two of lemon in it; gentle aperients, if required; foot- 
baths, and hot bran poultices to the chest. The chief dependence, however, is 
to be placed upon nauseating medicines. Four grs. of ipecacuanha powder, 
in a little warm water every quarter of an hour until vomiting is produced, 
and should be kept up at intervals of 2 or 3 hours. Sometimes a state of coma 
or collapse follows this treatment, and then it is necessary to give stimulants; 
carbonate of ammonia in 5 er. doses, or sal volatile, }4. tea-spoonful about 
every hour. These are preferable to alcoholic stimulants; but should they not 
succeed, brandy may be tried, with strong beef tea. Should the urgency of 
the symptoms yield to the emetics, a milder treatment may be followed out. 
The following is a good mixture: Ipecacuanha wine, 1 dr. ; aromatic spirit of 
ammonia, 2 drs. ; carbonate of potash, 1 dr. ; water, 8 ozs. ; 2 table-spoonfuls 
to be given every 4 hours. If the cough is troublesome, add 1 gr. of acetate 
of morphine. The diet should be light and nourishing, and all exposure to 
cold must be carefully avoided. In children, acute bronchitis does not com- 
monly produce such marked effects as in adults, although sometimes it is 
extremely rapid and fatal, allowing little time for the action of remedies, which 
should be much the same as those above recommended, with proper regard, of 
course, to difference of age. If the child is unweaned, it must be allowed to 
suck very sparingly, if at all. The best plan is to give it milk with a spoon, 


or feediug-bottle, as the quantity can be thus better regulated. Great attention 
must be paid to the bowels, and also to the temperature of the air breathed by 
the little sufferer. A blister on the chest, about as big as a large copper cent, 
may be sometimes applied with advantage if the hot bran does not give the 
desired relief. 

Winter coughs, catarrh, and asthma are very commonly but forms of 
chronic bronchitis. For the troublesome coughs which almost invariably 
attend confirmed bronchitis, and especially in the aged, opium is the most 
effectual remedy. The best form of administration is perhaps the compound 
tincture of camphor taken with ipecacuanha or antimonial wine — say % dr. of 
the former, with 10 grs. of either of the latter, in a little sugar and water or 
flaxseed tea, or use Dr. Chase's Cough Syrup. If there are febrile symptoms, 
add 15 minims of sweet spirits of nitre to each dose. 

It is especially during the spring months, and when there is a prevalence 
of east wind, that bronchitis attacks young and old, often hurrying the former 
to a premature grave, and making the downward course of the latter more 
quick and painful. With aged people, in such cases, there is commonly a great 
accumulation of mucus in the bronchial tubes, which causes continued and 
violent coughing in the efforts to expel it, which efforts are often unsuccessful. 
Thus the respiration is impeded ; the blood, from want of proper oxygeniza- 
tion, becomes unfit for the purposes of vitality, and death, often unexpectedly 
sudden, is the consequence. Such bronchitic patients must be carefully treated 
— no lowering measures will do for them, but warm and generous diet; opium 
can not safely be ventured on. Warm flannel next the skin, a genial atmos- 
phere, inhalation of steam — ii medicated with horehound, or some demulcent 
plants, so much the better — a couple of compound squill pills at night, and 
during the day a mixture, composed of camphor mixture, 6 ozs. ; tincture of 
squills, wine of ipecacuanha, and aromatic spirits of ammonia, each 2 drs. ; 
with perhaps 2 drs. of tincture of hops. Take a table-spoonful every 3 or 4 

Another Treatment. — To properly introduce the treatment, we will 
suppose a case, similar to which I have had many a one, — a man (for men have 
these inflammatory diseases 10 times to women once') comes home at night, with 
a cough, sore throat, etc., indicating that he has taken cold, and that it has set- 
tled upon the throat and broncJiial tubes — take no supper, but go right to work, 
as for common colds, and get up a perspiration, by soaking the feet in water 
as hot as it can be borne, and pouring in more hot, from time to time, to keep 
it hot, for 20 to 30 minutes, and if you have one of the alcohol lamps for siceat- 
ing purposes, set it to work at the same time, and take some hot teas to help the 
work, and if there are no sweating herbs in the house, of course there is some 
whiskey or other liquor, make about a pint of hot stew, using 1 gill of whiskey, 
with sugar and hot water; and drink one or two good draughts of this while 
ihe feet are in the water, and the rest of it after you get into bed, covering up 
warm so as to continue the sweating for an hour or two, with hot irons, bricks 
or stones at the feet, as your conveniences will allow; then, when the family go 


to bed, take a good dose of physic, so it shall operate well by the next morn- 
ing, and ten chances to one you will not need much further treatment. Per- 
haps some of the sweating tincture^ and a little of the cough syrup and a little 
diuretic may be needed through the following day, or for a few days. But, if 
this does not work such a decided improvement as to indicate that no serious 
trouble remains, after the physic has operated, then take an emetic, or repeat 
the previous process, at farthest, on the following evening, when the symp- 
toms, fever, etc., would likely be worse than through the day. But should 
you deem it best, from the violence of the symptoms, to take an emetic, one 
of the diaphoretic or sweating medicines had better also be taken to keep a ten- 
dency to the surface, according to the directions under that head. 

But if these cases are neglected, they run on into a chronic, or long stand- 
ing disease, and become very troublesome to cure, and often set up a chronic 
inflammation of the lungs, and finally consumption is the result. 

2. Bronchitis— Chronic. — Chronic bronchitis must needs be of a sim- 
ilar character, and treated in a similar manner; but the emetic or sweating 
need not be repeated oftener than once a week, nor the cathartic, and they need 
not both be taken the same day; but a cough syrup, or some cough medicine 
should be taken daily; and a diuretic be taken for a day or two each week, as 
the case seems to demand, and a little essence of spearmint may be taken, a 
few drops whenever the soreness or rawness of the throat is troublesome, 
keeping a vial of it handy to taste, night or day, without water; or a drop or 
two of cedar oil may be taken on a little sugar, and the throat have some of it 
rubbed upon the outside as a liniment. The following combination of articles 
will fulfill all the indications needed, except that of cathartic, which can be 
used by itself, once in a week or 10 days: 

Acetic tincture of bloodroot, tincture of black cohosh, and of the balsam 
of tolu, and wine of ipecacuanha, of each, ^ oz. ; sweet spirits nitre, 1 oz. 
Mix. Dose — tea-spoonful, in a little water, 3 to 5 times daily according to the 
amount of irritation present. 

SCARLATINA.— With Severe Fever. — In other cases of scarlet 
fever, the febrile symptoms at the commencement are more severe; there is a 
sensation of stiffness and pain on moving the neck, and it is also painful to 
swallow; the voice is thick, and the throat feels rough and straitened. The 
heat of the surface rises in a most remarkable manner; not only to the sensa- 
tions of the patient or observer does the heat seem greater, but the thermom- 
eter shows it to be 108" or 110", that is more than ten degrees above the 
natural standard. There is sickness, headache, great restlessness and delirium; 
the pulse is frequent but feeble, and there is great languor and faintness. The 
tongue is of a bright red color, especially at the sides and extremity, and the 
rising points are very conspicuous. The rash does not appear so early as in 
the milder scarlet fever, as is seen in patches, very frequently about the elbows. 
Sometimes it vanishes and appears again at uncertain times without any cor- 
responding change in the general disorder. When the rash is slight or goes 
ofE early, there is little scaling off of the skin; but in severer cases, large 


pieces of the skin come off, especially from the hands and feet. The swell- 
ing and inflammation of the throat sometimes go off without any ulceration; 
but at other times sliglit ulcerations form at the tonsils and at the back of the 
mouth; and whitish specks are seen intermixed with the redness, from which 
a tough phlegm is secreted, clogging the throat and very troublesome. This 
kind of scarlet fever is not unfrequently followed by great debility, or the 
occurrence of other diseases, as inflammation of the eyes, or dropsy, or an 
inflammatory state of the whole system or water on the brain. 

Treatment. — It is in general, proper to begin with giving an emetic, 
especially if we at all suspect the stomach to be loaded with undigested mat- 
ter; and we are very soon after to exhibit laxative medicines which are truly 
one of our most important remedies in this disease. A dangerous and exhaust- 
ing looseness which takes place towards the fatal termination of an ill-man- 
aged scarlet fever, for a long time excited great fears and prejudices against 
the use of laxative medicines in this disease; but better observation has con- 
vinced us that so far from being detrimental, laxative medicines, early and 
prudently begun have the best effect in mitigating the disease and in prevent- 
ing the collection of that putrid and offending matter in the bowels which is 
so sure to produce wasting diarrhoea when it is suffered to accumulate. To 
lessen the burning heat of the skin, nothing is at all comparable in some cases 
to the free affusion of cold water, which, when employed prudently and at the 
proper time, cools the surface, and from a state of the most restless irritation, 
brings the patient to comparative ease and tranquility. The cold affusion, 
however, is not proper where there is much fullness of blood on one hand or 
great debility on the other; and in the majority of cases we must trust to the 
washing or sponging of the whole body with tepid water, or vinegar and 
water; and till the heat of the body is reduced by these means, it is in vain 
that we give internal medicines to procure perspiration or to allay restlessness 
and induce sleep. After washing it is not at all unusual for the formerly 
harassed patient to fall into a gentle and refreshing sleep, and a mild and 
breathing sweat comes out over the whole body This supersedes the neces- 
sity of sudorific and anodyne medicines; and provided we attend to the bowels, 
keep away stimulant and nourishing food, give the drink cold or acidulated, 
and employ proper gargles for the mouth and throat, the drugs we administer 
may be very few indeed. 

The inflammatory state of the system which often follows scarlet fever is 
not unfrequently accompanied with a swelling resembling dropsical swelling; 
but we are not to regard this last as a sign of debility, or to be deterred from 
the use of active remedies. Bleeding from the arm is seldom admissible, but 
leeches behind the ears may be necessary if head symptoms come on; brisk 
purgatives are to be freely administered, and the inflammatory and dropsical 
tendency is to be combated by the use of foxglove and other diuretics When 
the inflammatory action has subsided and the dropsy appears to be the prin- 
cipal malady, we are to give tonic medicines and nourishing diet along with 
such medicines as increase the flow of urine. 


Throat. — There is yet another and more fatal form of scarlet fever where the 
malignant and putrescent symptoms are more rapid and severe, where the gen- 
eral system is much oppressed, and the throat and neighboring parts affected 
with rapidly spreading ulcerations. It is this which has obtained the name of 
putrid sore throat. This form of scarlet fever begins like the preceding, but 
in a day or two shows symptoms of peculiar severity. The rash is usually 
faint, and the whole skin soon assumes a dark or livid red color. The heat is 
not so great nor so permanent as in the other kinds; the pulse is small, feeble, 
and irregular, there is delirium and coma, with occasional fretfulness and 
violence. The eyes are suffused with a dull redness, there is a dark red flush 
on the cheek, and the mouth is incrusted with a black or brown fur. The 
ulcers in the throat are covered with dark sloughs and surrounded by a livid 
base; there is a large quantity of tough phlegm which impedes the breathing, 
occasioning a rattling noise; and increasing the pain and difficulty of swallow- 
ing. A sharp discharge comes from the nostrils, producing soreness, chaps, 
and even blisters. There is severe diarrhosa, spots on the skin, bleedings from 
the mouth, bowels, or other parts, all of which portend a fatal termination to 
the disease. Sometimes the patients die suddenly about the third or fourth 
day; at other times in the seconder third week; gangrene having probably 
arisen in the throat or some parts of the bowels. Those who recover have 
often long illnesses from the ulceration spreading from the throat to the neigh- 
boring parts, occasioning suppuration of the glands, cough, and difficulty of 
breathing with hectic fever. 

Treatment. — The active remedies formerly mentioned are quite inad- 
missible here. Unnecessary heat is to be avoided, but we are not to think of 
the cold washing or of purging, lest we oppress the powers of life and bring 
on a fatal diarrhoea. The system requires support and stimulants from the 
commencement of the attack. Strong beef tea should be given in as large 
quantities as possible, and wine and bark should be liberally administered; 
the throat must be injected with strong cleaning gargles. The infusion of 
cayenne pepper or the decoction of bark acidulated with sulphuric or muriatic 
acid, or gargles to which a little tincture of myrrh or of camphor is added, 
may be usefully employed. Too often, however, all treatment is unavailing, 
and there is no more fatal contagious disease than malignant scarlet fever. 

There is an ulcerated sore throat of peculiar malignity, distinct from 
scarlet fever, which commonly terminates with the worst symptoms of croup. 

ABORTION, OR MISCARRIAGE— (Abortus.)— The separation 
of the child from the womb of the mother at any period before the sixth month 
of pregnancy ; between which period and the full time the same event is called 
premature labor. 

Symptoms. — Abortion may be described as consisting of three stages, each 
of which should be carefully studied; because in the two first much may be 
done by the patient herself or by the judicious management of friends about her. 


In the first stage the woman merely " threatens to miscarry ; " there is pain in 
the lower part of the belly, or about the back and loins, with unusual depres- 
sion of spirits and faintness without any apparent cause. If these symptoms 
do not pass off, they are succeeded by a discharge of blood from the external 
parts, sometimes light, at other times profuse and alarming; accompanied or 
succeeded by sharp pains in the back, the loins, and the lower part of the 
belly, not constant, but intermitting, like those of regular labor. Often there 
is vomiting, sickness, or pains of the bowels, and headache; and from the 
quantity of blood lost, fainting fits frequently occur, and there is commonly 
a sense of weakness, much greater than can be accounted for by the copious- 
ness of the discharge. This is the second stage; and in it the child has become 
partially separated from the womb. If by the efforts of nature or the assist- 
ance of art these symptoms abate or cease, the embryo may be retained, and 
many continue to grow. But in other cases the discharge of blood continues 
and the signs of approaching expulsion of the contents of the womb become 
more evident. Regular pains ensue, there is a feeling of bearing down, with 
a desire to make water ; and at last the foetus comes away, either surrounded with 
its membranes, if the whole ovum be small, or the membranes break, the 
waters are discharged, and the foetus comes away, leaving the after-birth 
behind. This constitutes the third stage, in which the child is altogether separ- 
ated and must be expelled. 

Causes. — 1. Abortion may be caused by external violence, as kicks or 
blows, a fall, or violent action, as dancing, riding, jumping, or much walking. 
Women in the state of pregnancy should avoid many of the domestic opera- 
tions so proper at other times for good housewives to engage in. As our aim 
is to be practically useful, we venture at the risk of exciting a smile, to men- 
tion some exertions that ought to be avoided, viz., hanging up curtains, bed- 
making, washing, pushing in a drawer with the foot, careless walking up or 
down a stair. 2. Straining of the body, as from coughing. 3. Costiveness, 
4. Irritation of the neighboring parts, as from severe purging, falling down of 
the gut, or piles. 5. Any sudden or strong emotion of the mind, as fear, joy, 
surprise. 6. The pulling of a tooth has been known to produce a miscarriage; 
and though toothache is occasionally very troublesome to women in the preg- 
nant state, the operation of drawing teeth should, if possible, be avoided at 
that time. 7. Women marrying when rather advanced in life are apt to mis- 
carry. It would be hazardous to name any particular age at which it is too 
late to marry, but the general observation is worth attending to. 8. Constitu- 
tional debility from large evacuations, as bleeding or purging; or from disease, 
as dropsy, fever, small-pox 9. A state the very opposite of this is sometimes 
the cause of abortion, viz., a robust and vigorous habit, with great fullness of 
blood and activity of the vascular system. 10. The death of the child. 

Treatment. — Miscarriage is always an undesirable occurrence, and is to 
be prevented by all proper means, as a single miscarriage may irretrievably 
injure the constitution, or give rise to continual repetitions of the accident 


Unless we have reason to believe that the child is dead, it is desirable that mis. 
carriage should be prevented, and that the woman should go on to the full time, 
if possible; but if the motion of the child should cease, if the breasts of the 
mother should become soft, after disease or great fatigue, and signs of miscar- 
riage come on, it would be improper to endeavor to prevent the embryo coming 
away; and we must direct our efforts to relieve any urgent symptoms, and do 
what we can to conduct the patient safely through the process. 

In the first stage of abortion, when it is merely impending or threatening, 
and even in the second stage, when the child has become partially separated, it 
is proper to attempt to check the discharge and prevent the consequent expul- 
sion. The patient must cease from all exertion in walking, or even sitting 
upright, and must lie on a bed or sofa; all heating food or liquors must be 
avoided; whatever is taken should be rather cool, and cold applications must 
be made to the back, the loins, and neighboring parts. A lotion useful for this 
purpose is 1 part of vinegar to 2 or 3 parts of cold water; cloths or towels 
dipped in this are to be applied as directed above. The fainting which so often 
occurs requires to be relieved by a very moderate use of cordials, as a little 
wine and water, or even brandy and water; but in this much caution is 
required, lest feverishness or inflammatory symptoms be brought on, which in 
a weakened frame are apt to occur, from causes too slight to have the same 
effect in a healthy one. 

As abortion sometimes takes place from too great fullness of blood, and 
from that state of the constitution well known by the name of high health, it 
is right in such cases to enjoin abstinence, to order a cooling diet, as light 
puddings, preparations of milk, or boiled vegetables; and to give gentle laxa- 
tives, as castor oil, senna, small doses of purging salts, magnesia, and rhubarb. 
If, under such treatment, the discharge from the womb stops, if the pains- 
cease, and the sickness, headache, and constitutional symptoms are relieved, we 
may hope that the woman will not part with her offspring, but bring it to the 
full time. She must make up her mind to be in the reclining posture for some 
time, and must consider herself as liable to be again affected by the same 
symptoms and the same danger, if she uses the smallest liberty with herself. 

If the discharge, however, still continues, and if there is little likelihood 
of the pregnancy going on, everything must be done to assist the woman in 
the safe completion of the process. "We must introduce a soft cloth dipped in 
oil into the birth, so as to fill the lower part of it. By this means the blood 
has time to form into clots, and the contraction of the womb throws down the 
embryo along with them. We should not hastily use any force by the hand 
to bring it away; but the time when this may be done is to be left to the judg- 
ment of the medical person in attendance. As the after-birth in the early 
months bears a larger proportion to the contents of the womb than it does in 
the later months, it is often retained long after the child is expelled; but it 
must be remembered, that the womb will not contract till every thing is out 
of it, and therefore the bleeding will continue till the after-birth is off. It may 
happen to lie partly out of the womb, and if so, the practitioner is to attempt 


gently to remove it by the hand; but if it be wholly in the cavity of the womb, 
its expulsion is to be promoted by clysters of gruel, with the addition of salts, 
or with senna, or even a little of the tincture of aloes; or by a cautious use of 
the ergot of rye. 

Patients should be careful not to throw away any thing discharged, on the 
supposition that they know what it is, but should uniformly show every clot to 
the practitioner, that he may be enabled to distinguish with certainty whether 
the child and after-birth are thrown off. When the womb is emptied, the 
belly is to be tied up with a binder, as after delivery at the full time; the same 
rest and quiet is to be ordered; the diet must be light and nourishing; healing 
food, all spirituous and malt liquors, are to be avoided, till the practitioner 
judges it proper to allow sulphuric acid, bark, and wine, or porter, to assist in 
recruiting the strength, which in the event of abortion is generally so greatly 

A very strong reason for enjoining rest and quietness after a miscarriage 
is this, that when twins or three children have been conceived, the embryo of 
one of them may be thrown off, and the other may be carried to the full time. 
Any premature exertion might, therefore, endanger the life of more than one 
child. When the woman is in some degree recruited, her recovery is to be 
■completed by moderate exercise, by proper diet, by the use of the cold bath or 
sea-bathing, and by taking stomachic medicines, as the bark and wine, prepar- 
ations of iron, or the elixir of vitriol. Few incidents have so pernicious an 
■effect as a miscarriage, on certain constitutions; sometimes the health is irrep 
arably injured, or a habit is begun which prevents the woman from evei 
carrying a child to the full time. In every future pregnancy particular caution 
is requisite; especially at the period when the miscarriage formerly happened, 
which is very generally between the eighth and twelfth week. For a consider- 
able time before and after this, the woman should lie in a reclining posture, 
should attend to keeping the bowels easy by such mild laxatives as have been 
already mentioned; and if too full, should lose a little blood. 

Sometimes, for wicked purposes, it is attempted to procure abortion, either 
"by strong and acrid medicines, by violent exercises, or by direct application to 
the parts concerned; but it should be generally known that there is no medicine 
which directly and certainly acts on the womb itself; and that to procure 
abortion by any drug or mechanical violence, is to run the risk of speedy death, 
or inducing madness, or causing irreparable injury to the constitution, besides 
being punishable by law as a crime. 

DISEASES OP WOMEN.— Women, in all civilized nations, have 
the management of domestic affairs; and it is very proper they should, as 
Nature has made them less fit for the more active and laborious employments. 
This indulgence, however, is generally carried too far; and women instead of 
being benefited by it, are greatly injured, from the want of exercise and free 
air. To be satisfied of this, one need only compare the fresh and ruddy looks 
of a milk-maid with the pale complexion of those females whose whole 
business lies within doors. Though Nature has made an evident distinction 


between the male and female with regard to bodily strength and vigor, yet she- 
certainly never meant, either that the one should be always without, or the 
other always within doors. 

The confinement of women, besides hurting their figure and complexion, 
relaxes their solids, weakens their minds, and disorders all the functions of th& 
body. Hence proceed obstructions, indigestion, flatulence, abortions, and the 
whole train of nervous disorders. These not only unfit women for being- 
mothers and nurses, but often render them whimsical and ridiculous. A sound 
mind depends so much upon a healthy body, that where the latter is wanting, 
the former is rarely to be found. 

I have always observed that women who were chiefly employed without 
doors, in the different branches of husbandry, gardening, and the like, were 
almost as hardy as their husbands, and that their children were likewise strongand ■ 
healthy. — But as the bad effects of confinement and inactivity upon both sexes 
have been already shown, we shall proceed to point out these circumstances in 
the structure and design of woman, which subject them to peculiar diseases; 
the chief of which are ilieiv Monthly Evamations, Pregnancy, and Child-bearing. 
These indeed cannot properly be called diseases, but from tlie delicacy of the 
sex, and their being often improperly managed in such situations, they become 
the source of numerous calamities. 

MONTHLY TITRNS OR MENSES.— First Signs of the Men- 
strual Discharge. — Women generally begin to menstruate about the age of 
fifteen, and leave it off about fifty, which renders these two periods the most 
critical of their lives. About the first appearance of this discharge, the con- 
stitution undergoes a very considerable change, generally indeed for the better, 
though sometimes for the worse. The greatest care is now necessary, as the 
future health and happiness of the woman depends, in a great measure, upon 
her conduct at this period. It is the duty of mothers and those who are 
entrusted with the education of girls, to instruct them early in the conduct and 
management of tliemselves at this critical period in their lives. False modesty, 
inattention, and ignorance of what is beneficial or hurtful at this time, are the 
eource of many diseases and misfortunes in life, wliich a few sensible lessona 
from an experienced matron might have prevented. Nor is care less necessary 
in the subsequent returns of this discharge. Taking improper food, severe 
nervous strain or catching cold at this period is often suflicient to ruin the 
health, or to render the woman ever after incapable of procreation. 

If a girl about this time of life be confined to the house, kept constantly 
sitting, and neither allowed to romp about, nor employed in any active business, 
which gives exercise to the whole body, she becomes weak, relaxed, and pimy; 
her blood not being duly prepared, she looks pale and wan; her health, spirits, 
and vigor decline, and she sinks into a valetudinary for life. Such is the fate 
of numbers of those unhappy women, who, either from too much indulgence, 
or their own narrow circumstances, are at this critical period, denied the benefit 
of exercise and free air. 

A lazy, indolent disposition proves likewise very hurtful to girls at this 
period. One seldom meets with complaints from obstructions amongst the more 


active and industrious part of the sex, whereas the indolent and lazy are seldom 
free from thera. These are, in a manner, eaten up by the cJilorosis, or green-sick- 
ness, and other diseases of this nature. We would therefore recommend it to 
all who wish to escape these calamities, to avoid indolence and inactivity, as 
their greatest enemies, and to be as much in the open air as possible. 

Another thing which proves very hurtful to girls about this period of life 
is unwholesome food. Fond of all manner of trash, they often indulge in it, 
till their whole humors are quite vitiated. Hence ensues indigestions, want ol 
appetite, and a numerous train of evils. If the fluids be not duly prepared, it 
is utterly impossible that the secretions should go properly on. Accordingly 
■we find that such girls as lead an indolent life and eat indiscriminately 
are not only subject to obstructions of the menses, but likewise to glandular 
obstructions, as the scrofula, or King's evil, &c. 

A dull disposition is also very hurtful to girls at this period. It is a rare 
thing to see a sprightly girl who does not enjoy good health, while the grave, 
moping, melancholy creature proves the very prey of vapors and hysterics. 
Youth is the season for mirth and cheerfulness. Let it therefore be indulged. 
It is an absolute duty. To lay in a stock of health in time of youth, is as nec- 
essary a piece of prudence as to make provision against the decays of old 
age. While therefore wise Nature prompts the happy youth to join in sprightly 
amusements, let not the severe dictates of hoary age forbid the useful impulse, 
nor damp with serious gloom the season destined to mirth and innocent festivity. 

Another thing very hurtful to women about this period of life, is tight 
clothes. They are fond of a fine shape, and foolishly imagine that this can be 
acquired by lacing themselves tight. Hence by squeezing the stomach and 
bowels, they hurt the digestion, and occasion many incurable maladies. This 
error is not indeed so common as it has been; but, as fashions change, it may 
come about again; we therefore think it not improper to mention it. I know 
many women, who to this day, feel the direful effects of that wretched custom 
of squeezing every girl into as small a size in the middle as possible. Human 
invention could not possibly have devised a practice more destructive to health. 

RETENTION OP THE MENSES.— After a woman has arrived at 
that period of life when the menses usually begin to flow, and they do not appear, 
but, on the contrary, her health and spirits begin to decline, we would advise 
instead of shutting the poor girl up in the house, and dosing her with steel, 
asafoetida, and other nauseous drugs, to place her in a situation where she can 
enjoy the benefits of free air and agreeable company. There let her eat whole- 
some food, take sufficient exercise, and amuse herself in the most agreeable 
manner, and we have little reason to fear but Nature thus assisted, will do her 
proper work. Indeed she seldom fails, unless where the fault is on our side. 

This discharge in the beginning is seldom so instantaneous as to surprise 
women unawares. It is generally preceded by symptoms which foretell its ap- 
proach; as a sense of heat, weight, and dull pain in the loins; distention and 
hardness of the breasts; headache; loss of appetite; lassitude; paleness of the 
countenance; and sometimes a slight degree of fever. When these symptoms 


appear about the age at which the menstrual flow usually begins, everything 
should be carefully avoided which may obstruct that necessary and salutary 
evacuation ; and all means used to promote it, as sitting frequently over the 
steams of warm water, drinking warm diluting liquors, taking hip baths, &c. 

SUPPRESSION OF THE MENSES.— Cold is extremely hurtful at 
this particular period. More of the sex date their disorders from colds, caught 
while they were out of order, than from all other causes. This ought surely to 
put them on their guard, and to make them very circumspect in their conduct 
at such times. A degree of cold that would not in the least hurt them at another 
time, will at this period be sufficient to entirely ruin their health and constitu- 

After the menses have once begun to flow, the greatest care should be taken 
to avoid everything that may tend to obstruct them. Women ought to be 
exceedingly cautious in what they eat or drink at the time they are out of 
order. Everything that is cold, or apt to sour on the stomach ought to be 
avoided; as fruit, butter-milk, and such like. Fish, and all kinds of food that 
are hard of digestion, are also to be avoided. As it is impossible to mention 
every thing that may disagree with individuals at this time, we would recom- 
mend it to each one to be very attentive to what disagrees with herself, and 
carefully to avoid it. 

The greatest attention ought likewise to be paid to the mind, which should 
be kept as easy and cheerful as possible. Every part of the animal economy is 
influenced by the passions, but none more so than this. Anger, fear, grief, and 
other affections of the mind, often occasion obstructions of the menstrual flow, 
which proves absolutely incurable. 

From whatever cause the flow is obstructed, except in the state of preg- 
nancy, proper means should be used to restore it. For this purpose we would 
recommend sufficient exercise, in a dry, open, and rather clear air; wholesome 
diet, and, if the body be weak and languid, a good tonic, (see Mrs. Chase's Magic 
Tonic;) also cheerful company and all manner of amusements. If these fail, 
recourse must be had to the physician. 

"When obstructions proceed from a weak relaxed state of the solids, such 
medicines as tend to promote digestion, and assist the body in prepar- 
ing good blood, ought to be used. The principal of these are iron 
and Peruvian bark, with other bitter and astringent medicines. The bark and 
other bitters may either be taken in substance or infusions, as is the most agree- 
able to the patient. 

When obstructions proceed from a viscid state of the blood; for women of 
a gross or full habit, evacuations, and such medicines as attenuate the humors 
are necessary. The patient in this case ought to bathe her feet frequently in 
warm water, to take now and then a cooling purge, and to live upon a spare 
thin diet. 

When obstructions proceed from affections of the mind, as grief, fear, 
anger, &c., every method should be taken to amuse and divert the patient. 
And that she may the inore readily forget the cause of her affliction, she ought, if 
possible, to be removed from the place where it hapi^ened. A change of place, 


l)y presenting the mind with a variety of new objects, lias often a very happy 
Influence in relieving it from the deepest distress. A soothing, kiiid, and 
affable behavior to women in this situation, is also of importance. 

An obstruction of the menses is often the effect of other maladies. When 
this is the case, instead of giving medicines to force that discharge, which might 
be dangerous, we ought, by all means, to endeavor to restore the patient's health 
and strength. When that is effected the other will return of course. 

1. For Suppressed menstruation, as soon as possible use the tepid foot-bath. 
At the same time sit over a vessel of warm water, in which has been boiled 
some bitter herbs, till a profuse perspiration is produced. Then retire to a 
warm bed and take every hour or two a tea-cupful of warm tea made from the 
root of bervine. If this is not successful, give a little pulverized mandrake 
root, with a little cream of tartar, on an empty stomach; after which penny- 
royal or mot"herwort tea may be drank freely. 

2. Aromatic spirits of ammonia taken in doses of 20 to 30 drops in sweet- 
ened water several times a day is almost sure to relieve suppression and is good 
for painful menstruation. 

3. Mrs. H. Y. Johnson, of Iowa, once told my wife that oil of cotton seed, 
one dram daily, was unfailing. I have used it in my practice with success, 
and have also used it to spur up labor when it dragged, with good success. 

4. Crushed ice placed to the back in oil cloth or rubber bag — place low 
down — is also good for suppressed menses. It is also valuable sometimes in 
TQSioring falling womb and cures leucorrhea. 

MENSES, TO RESTORE. — Fl. ex. of ergot, and fl. ex. of gossyp- 
ium (cotton root), each ]^ oz. ; fl. ex. of black cohosh, 1 oz. ; simple syrup, 3 
ozs. Mix. Dose — Take 1 tea-spoonful 4 times daily, for a few days; then if 
the menses are not restored, stop its use till 4 or 5 days before the regular period 
for their return, and take it up again, with the help of warm hip baths daily, 
and daily sitting over the steam of bitter herbs, etc., as the grandmothers knew 
so well how to do. In the meantime, doing anything needed to tone up the 
system, by taking tonics; overcoming constipation by laxatives, and in a similar 
manner endeavoring to overcome any other irregularity, if any exist; and it is 
thus — or by such means — you will succeed in restoring the general health. 

PROFUSE MENSTRUATION.— The menstrual flow may be too 
great as well as too small. When this happens, the patient becomes weak, the 
color pale, the appetite and digestion are bad, and swelling of the feet, dropsies, 
and consumption often ensue. This frequently happens to women about the 
age of forty-five or fifty, and is very difficult to cure. It may proceed from a 
sedentary life; a full diet, consisting chiefly of salted, high -seasoned, or acrid 
food; the use of spirituous liquors; excessive fatigue; relaxation; a dissolved 
state of the blood; violent passions of the mind, &c. 

The treatment of this disease must be varied according to its cause. When 
it is occasioned by any error in the patient's regimen, an opposite course to that 
■which induced the disorder must be pursued, and such medicines taken as have 


a tendency to restrain the flow and counteract the morbid affections of the 
system from whence it proceeds. 

To restrain the flow, the patient should be kept quiet and easy both in body 
and mind. If it be very violent, she ought to lie in bed with her head low; to 
live upon a cool and slender diet, as veal or chicken broths with bread; and to 
drink decoctions of nettle-roots, or the greater comfrey. If these be not sufli- 
cient to stop the flow, stronger astringents may be used, as Japan earth, alum, 
elixir of vitriol, the Peruvian bark, &c. 

Two drams of alum and 1 of Japan earth may be pounded together, and 
divided into 8 or 9 doses, one of which may be taken 3 times a day. 

Persons whose stomachs cannot bear alum, may take 2 table-spoonfuls of 
the tincture of roses 3 or 4 times a day, to each dose of which 10 drops of laud- 
anum may be added. 

If these should fail, half a dram of the Peruvian bark, in powder, with 10 
drops of the elixir of vitriol, may be taken in a glass of red wine, 4 times a 

2. Oil of erigeron 1 to 5 drops every J^ hour or hour, dissolved in a little 
alcohol, arrests flooding, or hemorrhage of the womb, promptly. A very severe 
case of "flooding to death " was saved by putting hot sand bags under the back 
of the head and heart — hotter than the hand could bear, frequently renewed. 

floiD may offend in quality as well as in quantity. What is usually called the 
fluor albus, or " whites," is a very common disease, and proves extremely hurt- 
ful to delicate women. This discharge, however, is not always white, but 
pale, yellow, green, or of a blackish color; sometimes it is sharp and corrosive, 
sometimes foul and fetid, &c. It is attended with a pale complexion, pain in 
the back, loss of appetite, swelling of the feet, and other signs of debility. It 
generally proceeds from a relaxed state of the body, arising from indolence, 
the excessive use of tea, coffee, or other weak and watery diet. 

To remove this disease, the patient must take as much exercise as she can 
bear, without fatigue. Her food should be solid and nourishing, but of easy 
digestion; and her drink pretty generous, as red port or claret, mixed with 
lime-water. Tea and coffee are to be avoided. I have often known strong 
broths to have an exceeding good effect; and sometimes a milk diet alone will 
perform a cure. The patient ought not to lie too long a-bed. When medicine 
is necessary, we know none preferable to the Peruvian bark, which in this case 
ought always to be taken in substance. In warm weather, the cold bath will 
be of considerable service. 

1. Moisten a sponge with glycerine, roll it in fine powder of boracic 
acid and push up in the mouth of womb daily — a tape or ribbon may be tied to 
the sponge to remove it. 

2. Obstinate cases of "whites," or leucorrhea may be cured by insuffla- 
tion of powdered vegetable charcoal. 

3. Pond's ex. of witch hazel, 1 table-spoonful in a tea-cupful of warm 
water, injected well up into the vagina, 8 times a day — cures the worst cases in 
a few weeks. 


4. Leucorrhea, Injection for. — Pulverized golden seal, 1 oz. ; bora- 
cic acid, }^ oz. ; pulverized alum, i^ oz. ; sulphate of zinc, 20 grs. Directions 
— Mix thoroughly together, and keep in a well stopped bottle, or suitable cov- 
ered box. At tea time put 1 tea-spoonful of the powder into a cup of hot 
tea — green tea is preferable. Stir 2 or 3 times during the evening, and at bed- 
time strain it and inject, with a female syringe, every night, if bad, or every 
second night in ordinary cases. First cleansing the parts by injecting 1 pt. to 1 
qt. of water, as hot as it can be borne. (See also " Injection, Valuable in Gon- 
orrhea, or Leucorrhea." See also "Red Drops for Gonorrhea, Leucorrhea, 

Remarks. — Dr. Mason says this has proved a splendid remedy in every case 
where he has used it. I have also used it with success. But as quinine and 
tannin have latterly been used considerably in these cases of leucorrhea, with 
almost entire success, I will give one containing them, which I have also tried 
with great satisfaction as follows: 

5. Leucorrhea, Valuable Injection for.— Fl. ex. of golden seal 
and chlorate of potash, pulverized, eacli 1 dr. ; sulphate of zinc, 2 drs. ; tannin 
and sulphate of quinine, each % <ir. ; distilled or pure soft water, 1 qt. Inject 
morning and night; first cleansing the parts by injecting, once or twice, water 
as hot as can be borne. Directions— In mixing these ingredients, dissolve the 
sulphate of zinc in % pint of water, then put the quinine in a mortar, with a 
little aromatic sulphuric acid to dissolve it, then add to the zinc water. Put the 
tannin into another J^ pint of the water, and stir until dissolved, then mix the 
two and add the other articles, and the balance of the water, to make 1 qt.; 
shake when used; and use only enough to fill the vagina once, holding it in 
place 2 or 3 minutes, by placing the fingers of one hand over the vulva, or 
external part, having first used the hot water, as directed in the last recipe 
above; keeping it in place also 2 or 3 minutes, each time, in the same manner as 
here directed, is of the utmost importance, as this plan distends and cleanses 
the whole vagina, while in the old way, the injections flowed out alongside of 
the tube, cleansing but very little indeed. Use enough of the hot water to dis- 
tend it twice at least, before using the tea or other injection, and the cure will 
be quick and satisfactory. 

Remarks.— W'lih. this, Dr. J. W. Burney, of Des Arc, Ark., says he has 
had more success than with any other; but with this he also gives 1 tea-spoonful 
'3 times daily of the fl. ex. of buchu internally, in a little flaxseed tea. The 
plan and remedies are excellent, as I have tested them. 

iod of life at which the nunses cease to flow is likewise very critical to the sex. 
The stoppage of any customary evacuation, however small, is sufficient to dis- 
order the whole frame, and often to destroy life itself. Hence it comes to pass, 
that so many women either fall into chronic disorders, or die about this time; such 
of them, however, as survive it, without contracting any chronic disease, often 
become more healthy and hardy than they were before, and enjoy strength and 
vigor to a very great age. 


If the menses suddenly cease, in women of a full habit, they ought to 
abate somewhat of their usual quantity of food, especially of the more nourishing 
kind, as flesh, eggs, &c. They ought likewise to take sufficient exercise, and 
to keep the bowels open. This may be done by taking, once or twice a week, 
a little rhubarb, or an infusion of hiera picra in wine or brandy, or purgatives 
recommended elsewhere, and if complicated with other diseases, call a doctor. 

of suiiering among women from this disease is alarming, and far greater than 
in our "grandmothers' days," It seldom appears until they have menstruated 
some time with considerable regularity, and little or no pain; afterward, they 
begin to suffer more or less pain, which increases until it becomes grinding and 
more severe than those of labor. 

It soon affects the general health, destroys the complexion, and ruins the 
disposition. The pain generally begins in the back, extends to the loins and 
hips, and is followed by pressing down pain, resembling in severity, those of 
labor. At first a slight discharge takes place, but suddenly ceases, after some 
time is renewed and becomes more plentiful, which, together with the pain 
gradually ceases. The discharge differs from that of a healthy menstruation 
in appearance, being mixed with lumps, and clots of flaky matter, having the 
appearance of membrane or skin. The breasts frequently swell and become 
painful. Women seldom have children who have this disease in a severe form. 

Strictly avoid the use of all spirituous liquors, and keep the bowels well 
open a few days before the expected attack. The patient should be kept in bed, 
drink freely of tea made either of pennyroyal, catmint, sage, or the leaves of 
spruce pine, until the discharge be fully established ; after which the pain seldom 
returns for that period. Sometimes 1 or 2 grains of powdered ipecac, or 
}4 tea-spoonful of the syrup taken every 2 hours, will bring on the flow 
freely, when other means fail. Keep up the warm baths for some time. 

1. In painful menstruation, great benefit is received from the use of the 
warm bath; and apply hot water in bottles to the whole surface of the abdomen, 
with hot bricks to the feet ; or apply a hot poultice or fomentation of hops, 
tansy, or boneset and take the following: — Pulverized camphor, 25 grs. ; ma- 
crotin, 25 grs.; ipecac, 25 grs.; cayenne, 12 grs.; opium, 12 grs. Mix, and 
make into 24 pills, with ex. of hyoscyamus, and take 1 pill every 2, 3, or 4 
hours, according to the urgency of the case. 

2. Take warm hip baths }/^ hour at a time. Hot fomentation low down 
on the back will arrest overflow of menses. 

3. Take J^ gr. codeia night and morning. You won't need anything else. 

4. Painful Menstruation and Other Pains, Remedy for.— 
Dr. King, of Toledo, thinks very mucli of the following remedy, not only in 
painful menstruation, but also for pain in the stomach or bowels, colic, cholera- 
morbus, diarrhea, etc. The author has used it in the latter cases with so much 
satisfaction that he has faith in its virtues in the first named: Oil of cloves, 
cinnamon, anise and peppermint, each 40 drops {% drs.); put these into 3 oz» 
of alcohol, and add sulphuric ether and laudanum, each 1 oz. Dose — In bad 


cases, 1 tea-spoonful in cold, sweetened water; repeat in 10 to 20 minutes, if 
needed, and at longer intervals as long as needed. For children, in stomach or 
bowel difficulties, according to age and severity, from 10 drops to J^ tea-spoon- 
ful, as required to meet all cases. 

5. Painful Menstruation and Nervous Debility, Stim- 
ulating Tonic for. — Quinine, 60 grs. ; morphine and arsenious acid, 
each 1 gr. ; strychnine, 1 gr. ; alcoholic ex. of aconite (or if this is not on 
hand, the same amount of the ex. of hyoscyamus may take its place), 3 grs. of 
the one used. Mix very thoroughly, and make into 30 pills. Dose — Take 1 
pill only, every 6 hours, until relieved. "Women troubled with painful menstru- 
ation, should keep them on hand for use, as soon as the least pain is manifested; 
but do not take them any oftener than 1 once in 6 hours. 

Remarks. — This pill I obtained from an old physician, whom I have known 
over 40 years, and 1 know him to be in every way reliable. Some will say: 
"They contain poisonous articles." So they do, and so do very many of our 
best medicines. It depends wholly upon the amount taken as to their injurious 
effects; here we have 2 grs. of quinine, i^ gr. of the ex. of aconite, Jgth. of a gr. 
of morphine and arsenious acid, and ^^th. of a gr. of strychnine, only, in each 
pill. If they are taken as directed, as to dose and time — 1 pill, 6 hours apart— 
there is not the least danger in their use, as these articles are all sometimes, 
eiven in doses twice as large as here given. It is indeed, a happy combination 
of our most reliable remedies, for cases requiring the properties named — some- 
thing to allay pain and strengthen the system. After the 30 pills have been 
taken, if not cured before, wait a week, at least, before having any more made. 
By that time some of the chinoidine, or cinchonidia pills, found among the 
Ague Remedies or the tonic pills for Debility following Leucorrhea, may be 
taken, with good results. 

DISEASES OP THE WOMB, UTERUS— The organ in which 
the embryo lives and grows until the time of birth. It is shaped some- 
thing like a pear, with the broad end uppermost. Its broadest part is called 
its fundiifi; it has also a body and a neck; its mouth opens into the vagina. In 
the unimpregnated '^tate, it would hardly contain a kidney-bean, but at the full 
time, it expands sufficiently to contain one or more children, with their waters, 
membranes, and after-births. At the upper part of the womb, two broad mem 
branous expansions arise, and are the means of its attachment to the sides of 
the pelvis; in the doublings of these expansions are situated the ovaria, the 
receptacle of certain vesicles, which are afterwards animated; and also the 
tubes, through which one or more vesicles pass down into the uterus, there 
being an opening at each side of the fundus. Sometimes the embryo grows in 
one of these tubes, instead of getting into the uterus. Such extra-uterine con- 
ceptions are generally fatal to the mother and child. From the womb proceeds 
the Monthly Discharge. 

The sympathies of the womb with the other parts are of the most general 
and extensive kind. Not even the stomach itself has more influence on the rest 
Cx the system. When the state and contents of the womb are altered by preg- 


nancy, the stomach, the bowels, and digestive functians are in very ft«queu* 
instances exceedingly deranged. The brain and nervous system, the function 
of respiration, and the state of the breasts, are all very much influenced by the 
condition of the womb. 

The womb is subject to a variety of disorderg, the most common and im- 
portant of which are as follows: 

1. Bearing Down or Falling Down signifies that the womb is ]ower 
than it ought to be. The first symptom is an uneasy feeling in the lower part 
of the back, while the patient is standing or walking; with a sense of pressure 
or bearing down. As the complaint increases, a swelling appears to come in 
the way of the discharge of urine, which the patient cannot pass without lying 
down, and pushing aside the tumor which prevents it. In more advanced and 
severe cases, the womb is forced altogether out of the parts, as a hard and 
bulky substance hanging between the thighs. In many cases the protruded 
parts are ulcerated, and give great uneasiness by their being fretted. Many 
complaints arise in other parts of the system from this local disease. There is 
sickness and other disorders of the stomach and bowels, with hysterics and 
nervous affections; while the inability to take exercise is itself a great evil, 
and tends to impair still more the general health. 

Causes. — Every woman should know these, and avoid them as far as pos- 
sible. Whatever tends to weaken the general system or the passage to the 
womb, may give occasion to its falling down. In the unmarried state, all 
violent or long continued exercise when the person is unwell, has a tendency 
to bring on the complaint; hence, young women at these times should avoid 
dancing, riding, and long walking or standing. Married women have it 
brought on by frequent miscarriage, improper treatment during labor, and 
taking much exercise too soon after delivery. 

Treatment. When the disease has occurred recently, and is not very 
bad, the system is to be strengthened by nourishing diet, by the cold bath, by 
moderate exercise; and a mild astringent fluid is to be thrown into the passage. 
This may be made of 20 grs of white vitriol to 1 pint of rose-water. But 
when the complaint is of longer standing and more severity, the patient must 
be confined to the horizontal posture; bark and wine, and chalybeate medicines 
must be employed, and a stronger astringent, as a decoction of oak-bark, with 
some acid added to it, must be thrown up. Sometimes these means are all 
ineffectual, and an instrument of wood or ivory, called a pessary, must be 
worn, to fill the outer passage and prevent the womb from falling down. This 
instrument should be removed every two or three days, and cleaned. Some- 
times this soon effects a cure; but, in general, it requires to be worn for years. 
If a person liable to this disease becomes pregnant, it disappears about the third 
or fourth month ; and if proper measures be taken after delivery, the return 
of the complaint may be prevented in many instances. 

2. Tumors or Polypi in the Womb and Vagina.— These are of 
various sizes and consistency; they are sometimes broad and flat at their base, 
sometimes they have a narrow neck. They occasion a discharge of blood at 


times; but when small, they are not productive of much inconvenience. But 
if they become large, they give rise to symptoms both troublesome and dan- 
gerous. There is violent bearing down pain, discharges of blood, or of fetid 
dark-colored matter from the vagina, pain or diflBculty of making water, 
irritation of the rectum, and a frequent desire to go to stool. When very 
large, the polypus hangs out from the passage. If the disease be not relieved, 
the pains become more violent, the constitution is affected, and the continual 
discharge greatly weakens the patient. 

Tkeatment. — As the patients themselves cannot distinguish tumors from 
other diseases producing similar symptoms, their existence must be ascer- 
tained by the examination of a physician; and their removal effected by a 
surgical operation, either by the knife or by ligature, performed by a surgeon 
well acquainted with the structure and connections of the parts. No internal 
remedies will do any good till the tumor is removed. When this is accom- 
plished, the general health is to be improved by proper diet and tonic medicines. 

3. Cancer of the Womb. — This, when in a state of ulceration, con- 
stitutes one of the most deplorable diseases which can afflict humanity. Cancer 
of the womb most generally attacks at the decline of life, though not exclu- 
sively so. At first the patient has an uneasy feeling of weight at the lower 
part of the belly, with heat or itching. Afterwards shooting pains occur; 
then a pain, giving a gnawing burning sensation, seems fixed in the region of 
the womb. This pain is attended by the discharge of ill-colored, sharp mat- 
ter, which irritates and corrodes the neighboring parts. As the disease con- 
tinues, almost every function of the body becomes disordered. Sickness and 
vomiting comes on, the bowels are torpid and irregular, hectic fever, and 
great emaciation ensue, and the spirits are dejected and desponding. Swell- 
ings of various glands, and watery swellings of the limbs, not unfrequently 
occur. Symptoms resembling those of the early stages of cancer, may arise 
from other complaints in the womb, as from polypus growths; the nature of 
the disease should therefore be, if possible, ascertained at an early period, that 
the one may be removed, and the other kept from rapid advancement and 
ulceration, so far as we are able. Cancer in the womb appears to begin with 
a thickening and hardness of that organ; which we suspect when there are 
pains in the thighs and back, a bearing down when the patient is using exer. 
cise, and occasional discharge of clotted blood. 

Treatment. — Of the nature of cancer of the womb, we are as ignorant 
as of cancer in any other part of the body; and when the disease is estab- 
lished, we are as destitute of any remedy. In the periods of deplorable suffer- 
ing which terminate the life of the patient, we can do little more than palliate 
symptoms; and the whole tribe of narcotic medicines have been brought into 
requisition on such occasions. Opium, belladonna, hemlock, and various 
others have been tried, and failed. Mercury, in every shape, is absolutely 
pernicious in cancer. 

The melancholy distress to which patients are reduced by cancer of the 
womb, disposes the minds both of themselves and their friends to listen with 


eagerness to the promises of relief, which ignorant and interested empirics so 
liberally make to them. But all such promises must be met with the most ob- 
stinate incredulity. The learned, the experienced, and the candid members of 
the medical profession declare, that, as yet, no drug has been found capable 
of curing cancer by acting on the constitution; and whoever suffers herself to 
be deluded by the boasts of those whose only aim is to vend their nostrums, 
loses the time that might be better employed, and neglects those suggestions 
which might palliate, though they cannot cure, her complaints. 

4. Infiamraatioii of the Womb.— This seldom happens, except in 
the puerperal state. It may occur at any time of life, especially during 
the years of menstruation. Like other inflammations, it is ushered in 
by shivering, followed by great heat, thirst, quick hard pulse. Pain is 
felt in the womb from the beginning, with a sensation of fulness and weight; 
also a burning heat and throbbing. The exact spot where the pain is felt 
varies according to the part of the womb that is inflamed; it may be towards 
the navel, or over the share-bones, or shooting backwards, or down the thighs- 
or it may affect the bladder with pain and suppression of urine, or difficulty 
of passing it. 

It is distinguished from after-pains by the constancy of the pain, by the 
heat and throbbing of the part, and by the pain being much increased on pres- 
sure at the region of the womb. 

Causes. — Inflammation of the womb is induced by cold, direct injury 
external or internal, from medicinal or instrumental means to produce 
abortion, by difficult or tedious labor, by officious interference during labor, 
or by forcing the expulsion of the child and after-birth; by too much strong 
food or heating drinks; by exposure to cold during perspiration, or by using 
cold drinks. 

Treatment. — It requires very prompt and active interference, as its pro- 
gress is very rapid, and its event uncertain and dangerous. If assistance is 
procured in time, it may be stopped by blood-letting, both general and local, 
by leeches, low diet, diluent drinks slightly acidulated; with laxative medi- 
cines or clysters, and fomentations to the belly. A copious sweat, and a flow 
of the lochia, with relief from pain, mark the success of this plan of treat- 
ment. But we are not always so successful; for the pain sometimes becomes 
more acute, with throbbing, and an increase of fever, sickness, delirium, and 
restlessness. In these cases there is risk of mortification; and this is shown to 
have come on by a languid pulse, low deliriun, and cold clammy sweat. Such 
termination happens chiefly in bad constitutions, or in those who are much 
debilitated, • The discharge does not escape and there is absorption. A 
physician should be called at once as there is great danger. "W hen the discharge 
commences, the strength of the patient is to be supported by nourishing diet, 
the bowels are to be kept open, and bark and wine to be given. Much atten- 
tion must be paid to cleanliness. 




1. Female Debility, Tonic Pill and Infusion for.— In cases of 
female debility from uterine difficulties, often also connected with ague or 
chills and fever; but whether chills and fever or not, the following pill and 
infusion will be found valuable: 

1. Pill. — Sulphate of quinine, 1 dr.; citrate of iron, 2 drs. ; solid, or alco- 
holic ex. of nux vomica, 16 grs. Mix thoroughly, and make into 64 pills. 
Dose — Take 1 pill only, half an hour before each meal and at bed-time. 

II. Tonic and Alterative, or Infusion. — In connection with the above pill 
much additional benefit will be derived in these cases by the use of the com- 
pound infusion of gentian, made as follows: 

Gentian root, i^ oz. ; orange peel and coriander seed, each, 1 dr. ; dilute 
alcohol (half alcohol and half water), 4 ozs. ; cold water, 12 ozs., to which in 
these cases add nitro-muriatic acid, 1 dr. Dikections. — All the articles to be 
dry and coarsely ground or bruised; then put on the diluted alcohol and let 
stand 3 or 4 hours; then put on the water and let stand 12 hours, and strain; 
then add the acid and shake well. "An excellent way," says Dr. Warren, 
" for using gentian." This plant comes from Germany, growing in the Alps, 
Apennines and Pyrenees mountains. It excites the appetite and invigorates 
the digestive powers, and is used in all cases of debility. It is much used in 
dyspepsia and during recovery from all exhaustive diseases. Dose — Take 1 
table-spoonful half an hour after each meal. 

Remarks. — If in any case there are ulcerations at the neck of the womb or 
vagina, let there be taken J^ tea-spoonful doses, 3 times daily, of the syrup of 
iodide of iron, an hour or two after the infusion is taken; and in these cases of 
ulceration it is best to submit the case to a physician and have him make such 
caustic applications as will kill the ulcers. The Monsel salts is a good 
thing to be applied to them. The fact of ulceration may be known 
by a sensation of heat, and perhaps pain, at the point of ulcera- 
tion, the discharge of matter, etc. This combination of treatment 
is well known to be exceedingly valuable. The nitrate of silver 
(lunar caustic in stick) is often used, and I have applied it — just touching the 
surface of the ulcer once in 4 or 5 days, has soon cured them, but more recently 
I have introduced the Monsel salts upon them, and also along the vagina as the 
speculum was withdrawn, with very satisfactory results, except that this salt 
contains iron, and consequently stains the clothing; hence, again, I have applied 
the sub-nitrate of bismuth, which does not stain, and I cannot see but it does 
equally well if put on pretty freely twice a week, night and morning, using 
the injections as given in leucorrhea (which see). 

2. Mrs. Chase's Magic Tonic Bitters for Weak and Debili- 
tated Females. — Best red Peruvian bark, prickly ash bark, and poplar 
root bark, each, 4 ozs.; cinnamon bark, 1 oz. ; cloves, J^ oz. ; whiskey and 
clear worked cider, each, 2 qts. Directions, Dose, etc. — Grind all coarsely. 



or bruise with a hammer, and put into the jug or bottle with the spirits and 
cider, (or water, if no good cider can be had, but the cider is much the best), 
and shake daily for 10 days; take out the dregs, either filter, or strain and press 
out, as you choose, and take a wine-glass of it immediately after each meal. 
The dregs steeped in 1 qt. of water will yield considerable more strength, 
which may be added to the tonic bitters when strained off. 

Remarks. — I have made this for my wife several times, and I did nr>t fail 
to help her dispose of it occasionally myself. Her remark has often been: 
"Oh! what an appetite it gives me," etc. It is a very valuable tonic, and, 
from the spices, very pleasant to take. 

3. Sore Nipples, Remedy. — A mixture of honey, borax, alum and 
strong sage tea. — Mrs. Mary Blake, of Parsons, Kan., in Blade. Knowing a 
similar mixture to be valuable as a gargle for sore throat, I believe it will be 
equally valuable for sore nipples. About % tea-spoonful each of powdered 
borax and alum, and 1 tea-spoonful of strained honey to 1 cup of strong sage 

For a Oargle. — A heaping tea-spoonful, each, of the powder, and 3 tea- 
spoonfuls of honey to J^ pt. of the strong sage tea, will be sufficient, and be 
found excellent; and for the gargle it would be all the better, if 1 to 2 cayenne 
peppers (such as pepper sauce is made of), or small red pepper, was steeped with 
the sage in making the tea. Children, however, cannot tolerate the pepper; 
then, for children, leave them out. Gargle at least 6 times a day, and for the 
nipples, wash off the saliva, and apply afte- each time of nursing. (See also 
the following, and " Sore Nipples, Breasts, etc., to Avoid and to Cure," below.) 

4. Sore Nipples, EflBcient Remedy. — A medical writer informs 
us that nitrate of lead, 10 grs., in 1 oz. of glycerine, or brandy, applied after 
each nursing, and washed off before each nursing, is an efficient (certain) 

Remarks. — As he leaves it optional to use one or the other, the author 
would say use J^ oz. each of brandy and glycerine, to the 10 grs. of nitrate of 

5. Milk, Suppression of, While Nursing— Treatment to 
Restore. — I. As this difficulty quite frequently occurs with nursing mothers, 
and is also sometimes slow in its first secretions after child-birth, 1 will give an 
item from the L' Union Medicale, a French publication, which will prove valu- 
able when needed. It says: 

"When the milk secretion is slow in appearing, in a lying-in-woman 
(woman in confinement, or child-bearing), or when it ceases from mental or 
moral causes (not from inflammation of the breasts or other actual disease), it 
may be made to return by cataplasms (poultices), or fomentation of castor 
leaves applied to the breast, or by suction of the nipple, or by means of elec- 
tricity. Tlie mammary gland (the breast), is to be slightly compressed between 
two sponge electrodes (also known as the poles of a battery), and a feeble cur- 
rent passed through the gland for 10 or 15 minutes twice a day, after the first 
few electrizations, the breasts become full, the large veins appear on the gland, 
and the milk secretion is set up. 


Remarks. — I have only had an opportunity to test this in one case, "which 
began to improve by the third day. The poultice should be warm, and if the 
castor-bean leaf can be got (many people raise them as an ornamental plant in 
the garden), they, too, should be put on as hot as can well be borne. The 
poultice or the leaves used in connection with the electricity make it more 
likely to succeed. 

II. It is well, also, in suppression of the milk which occurs most gener- 
ally, if at all, when the child is only a few weeks old, to give acetate of potash, 
3 oz., in water, 8ozs. ; adding a little tinct. ess. or fl. ex. of sassafras to flavor. 
Give in doses of 1 to 2 tea-spoonfuls, in a little more water, 3 times daily, to 
act on the kidneys, which are generally at fault, governing the dose by this 
action, not to make too free a flow of urine. As this also helps to relax the 
secretory functions of the breasts as well as the kidneys, weak coffee with 
plenty of milk and loaf sugar, and the old-fashioned chocolate, with milk and 
sugar plenty, drank alternately with the coffee, through the day, is also excel- 
lent, says an old doctor who has had large experience; and also rub upon the 
breasts freely, Trask's ointment, or what he thinks better, the bitter-sweet 
ointment, given below, all that will be absorbed. 

6. Sore Nipples, Breasts, etc.— To Avoid and Cure.— Sore 
nipples are sometimes caused by wearing the dress or corsets too tight, but 
m®st generally by neglecting to wash them with cool water, and properly dry- 
ing with a soft towel, after every nursing. When there is the least tendency 
to soreness of the nipples, dust on a little powdered magnesia or starch, kept 
generally as a baby powder, to prevent soreness in the groins or other folds of 
the skin. A very little mutton tallow, or, better still, lamb tallow, which is 
much softer, will prevent chafing when applied to any part liable to chafe. 
But if they become sore and irritable, make the following: 

I. Bittersweet Ointment. — Bark of the root, with the outside scraped off a 
little, }4 lb. ; mutton tallow or Iamb tallow, % lb. ; stewed carefully together; 
then strain while hot, and box or bottle for use. Apply a little after washing 
and drying the nipples as above at each nursing. 

II. Smartweed Ointment. — In places where the bittersweet can not be 
obtained, take smartweed and tallow, the same amount, and make the same 
way, and use in the same manner as the Bittersweet Ointment. 

[The bittersweet makes a most valuable ointment for all healing purposes, 
and I know of only one thing at all comparable with it for similar purposes, 
and that is an ointment made with Balm of Gilead buds, same amount, and 
made the same as the bittersweet. (See also Tinct. of Balm of Gilead Buds 
for Cuts, Bruises, "Wounds, etc.) But the smartweed ointment is considered 
much the best to prevent breasts from inflaming and going on to suppuration.] 
So if there is danger of this, use the smartweed, if obtainable, or the following: 

7. Sore Breasts, to Prevent Breaking, etc.— As soon as there is 
inflammation and swelling of the breast, indicating any danger that suppura- 
tion will take place, send to the druggist and obtain fl. ex. (remember, fl. stands 
for fluid and ex. for extract,) oi poke root, 4 ozs., and apply to the breast by 


wetting cloths with the extract and keeping upon the breast. Also take inter" 
nally of the same, in doses of 5 to 10 drops, in a little water, every 3 hours, until 
you see improvement has commenced; then every 4 or 5 hours, lessen the dose 
to 3 to 8 drops. (A large, fleshy and robust woman will take the 10 drops; 
small and feeble ones, the 5 only.) Re- wet the cloths, at least, as often as 
taken internally. 

Remarks. — This is from Dr. Duncan (referred to in II., for Milk, To Dry 
Up), who says of it: "If administered early, it will in 12 hours begin to give 
relief, and in 36 hours all traces of inflammation will have subsided and disap- 
peared." He has used it in numbers of cases, and always with success, when 
begun as soon as inflammation set in, and before suppuration began. He 
thinks it, in such cases, specific (positive cure). 

But if it is seen that the inflammation of the breast will go on, in any case, 
to suppuration, poultice with slippery elm, or bread and milk, as warm as can 
be borne, till they break without lancing, if possible; but when it comes to 
lancing, this calls for a physician. So I will leave the further treatment of 
that condition to him, simply remarking that a weak tinct. of myrrh and aloes, 
or a weakened tinct. of the muriate of iron, make good injections into the 
orifices; if they do not heal kindly, with some of the healing ointments, as 
Bittersweet, Balm of Gilead, etc. , which are good to heal any sore on persons 
or domestic animals. 

8. Itcliing of the External Genital Organs.— The delicate 
internal lining of the external organs of generation sometimes becomes the seat 
of a most distressing itching, to relieve which the parts may be so irritated by 
friction as to become violently inflamed. Leeches have been used sometimes 
with benefit: so has the application of cold, such as ice-water, or even lumps 
of ice introduced into the vagina. When there is an eruption like that in the 
sore mouth of children, injections of a strong solution of borax have been very 
useful; thick starch water, with a solution of sugar of lead, injected into the 
vagina and retained for an hour or two, have been also of great utility in a few 
cases under our care. This irritation sometimes arises from disease of the 
womb, pregnancy, the presence of a stone in the bladder, or worms in the 
bowels. The original affection must first be attended to in these cases. 

9. Milk, To Dry Up— Camphor and Soap Liniment for.— 
Take a pint bottle and put into it alcohol, 12 ozs.; gum camphor, 1 oz.; and 
when dissolved, fill the bottle with good soft soap; but if no soft soap can be 
obtained, put in castile soap(shaved finely), 2 ozs. , and fill the pint bottle with 
alcohol. Either has to be shaken when used; apply by wetting cloths and 
laying on 3 or 4 times a day, after having rubbed the breast thoroughly each 
time. Before rubbing, however, apply a little of the Bittersweet Ointment, 
or a little mutton or lamb tallow, to enable the hand to glide over the breast 
easily. Careful rubbing is good alone — with the hand, or a soft, dry towel, 
properly gathered in the hand, so it shall not slip. The friction must always 
be gentle, but continued some time. If you want to avoid a broken breast, 
Bee "Sore Nipples, Breasts, etc., to Avoid." 


D. P, Duncan, M. D., of "Waynesboro, Ga., says that mint leaves, steeped 
and applied to the breast, will at once stop the secretion of milk, even of one 
breast alone, leaving the other with its usual flow of milk, if desired. The 
poultice should be applied hot, and changed when getting cold. 

10. Sore Nipples. — Nothing better than pulverized gum acacia applied 
every night, or as often as convenient. 

1 1 . Prevent Flooding. — Put your bandage on early and secure it 
firmly with good, strong safety-pins; as time and labor advances tighten the 

12. Hemorrhage Pill. — Sulphate of berberine made into 5 gr. pills; 
take every 2 hours if necessary. Women suffering from excessive flaw may 
rely on these pills, and should always keep them on hand. The same cures 
itching of the vulva. 

13. Offensive Urine— 10 to 20 grs. of boric acid will remedy it every 

14. Vomiting during Pregnancy— 1 drop of chloroform in hot 

sweetened water stops it. 

15. Leuchorrliea or Whites. — Back ready to break. Take pulver- 
ized egg shell (burn the shell so as to pulverize it) 10 grs. with sweetened milk, 

1. BABY'S RECEIPTS.— Sore Mouth.— Wash with cold water, 
with a drop of alcohol in it. 

2. Colic. — Aromatic spirits of ammonia, 2 to 4 drops in milk is as good 
a thing as I ever discovered. 

3 . Nursing Baby's Colic. — Let the mother take 1 gr. pill of asaf oetida 
every morning for a week; baby will take more comfort. Anise tea taken by 
the mother increases the flow of milk and prevents colic. Fennel seed tea has 
the same effect. 

4. Baby's Sore Mouth. — Borax mixed in honey and applied to the 

5. Baby's Food. — Boil sugarof milk, 1 oz. in }/^ pint water 15 minutes, 
then add % pint fresh cows' milk and boil again. Always give from bottle 
lukewarm. If bowels are loose add a tea-spoonful of ground barley, and if 
bowels do not move freely, use oatmeal instead, boil 15 minutes. Do you 
want to "make the baby fat," bring fresh milk just to a boil, add 1 table- 
spoonful each of corn starch and white sugar, and continue to boil until it 

6. Baby's Diarrhea. — In the course of 24 hours give the white of an 
egg well beaten and stirred into 5 or 6 ozs. of water that has been boiled, add 
3 to 5 drs. condensed milk. Increase the quantity if necessary. 

7. Spasms of Children. — Apply a rag wet with ice water, or ice 
itself to the back of the neck, just below the base of the brain. Never apply 
it to the head. 

8. Fretful Baby. — Give it onion tea. The same is also good for colic, 
also colds. 

3N;cr3D"^n:FEi^-5r — nsrrji^siisrG-. 

nfKE EARLY SIGNS OP PREGNANCY: Cessation of Menses 
— Morning Sickness — Changes in the Breasts— Enlargement 
of the Abdomen— Calculation of the Probable Date of Con- 

First Signs of Pregnancy. — The first circumstance to make a woman 
suspect that she is pregnant is generally the non-appearance of her usual 
monthly discharge. This is called the cessation of the menses, or monthlies, 
and is one of the most constant signs of pregnancy. Cases, do, indeed, now 
and then occur, in which, notwithstanding pregnancy, the customary flow 
takes place for the first few months just as usual, and in certain still rarer 
instances it has been known to appear regularly throughout the pregnancy. 

On the other hand its absence is by no means a sure indication of preg- 
nancy, as it may be due to many other causes; such, for example, as an attack 
of severe illness, a condition of general weakness, or even strong emotional 

Another Symptom. — The next symptom to attract attention is usually 
a feeling of sickness, often most distressing in the early morning, and some- 
times accompanied with vomiting. This commences about the fourth or fifth 
week, and continues to the middle of pregnancy, when it generally ceases. 
Occasionally it lasts to the end of the pregnancy, while, on the other hand, in 
some women it is entirely absent throughout. 

Shortly after pregnancy has commenced, a sensation of weight and fullness 
is felt in the breasts. A little later these organs enlarge, and the nipples 
become more prominent; the skin, too, just around the nipples becomes darker 
in color, an alteration most marked in women of fair skin and light complexion. 
Of course these changes are most noticeable in women who are pregnant for 
the first time; for when they have once occurred, the breasts never quite resume 
their original appearance, so that subsequent changes are less observable. The 
breasts may increase in size, and may even contain milk, without pregnancy; 
as, for example, in the case of certain diseases of the womb. 

Enlargement of the Abdomen. — About the end of the third month 
the abdomen begins to enlarge, and continues to do so from that time forwards; 
by the end of the seventh month the hollow of the navel has generally disap- 
peared. It need scarcely be said, however, that the abdomen may enlarge 
from many other causes, so that not one of the four signs above described 
afEords, when taken alone, positive proof of pregnancy; although, when two 
or more of them aj-e found to be present, there is good ground for a strong 
suspicion. Whenever it is important that the question of pregnancy should be 
established beyond a doubt, a doctor should be consulted. 


irzmsmG. 2T9 

Probable Date of Confineraent.— The usual method of reckoning 
the probable date of confinement is to learn on what day the last monthly flow 
ceased, then to count three months backwards (or nine months forwards) and 
add seven days. This is, in practice, the best plan that has been suggested, 
and will generally give a date within a very few days of actual confinement, 
frequently the very day. The following example will show how the calcula- 
tion is made: — A woman, we will say, was last unwell on March 10; counting 
three months back from March 10 gives December 10; add seven days and it 
will give December 17, which is the probable date of her confinement. If it 
is not the actual day, labor will in all probability take place within three or four 
days before or after it. 

Movements of the Foetus. — The movements of the foetus are not 
perceived by the mother until between the fourth and fifth months — that is, 
until pregnancy has advanced about half-way. Not very uncommonly the 
occurrence of the first definite movement of which the mother is conscious is 
accompanied by a sensation of nausea and f aintness. It is this fact which gave 
rise to the opinion long held, and still prevalent amongst the ignorant, that the 
foetus then for the first time becomes living, an opinion that finds expression in 
the word "quickening," the use of which, like that of many other words, has 
outlived the theory in which it had its origin. As a matter of fact, the fcetus 
is living from the very commencement of pregnancy, and the reason why 
movements are not felt during the earlier half of pregnancy is to be found in 
the fact that the womb itself is not sensitive, and that it is not until the middle 
of pregnancy that that organ has enlarged sufficiently to bring it in direct 
contact with a part fully endowed with sensibility — namely, the inner surface 
of the abdominal wall. From the moment when they are first perceived, the 
movements of the child become more and more distinct as pregnancy advances, 
and constitute one of the most important of the later signs of that condition. 
When from any cause it is impossible for the probable date of confinement to 
be calculated according to the rule laid down in the preceding paragraph (as, 
for example, when the date of the last menstruation is uncertain, or when one 
pregnancy succeeds another so quickly that menstruation has not been re-estab- 
lished in the interval), it may be approximately arrived at by reckoning it as 
four and one-half months after the date of " quickening." 

MANAGEMENT OP PREGNANCY: General Rules— Consti- 
pation — Piles — Hardening the Nipples — Swollen Breasts— 
Varicose Veins— Falling Forward of the Womb — Obstinate 
Vomiting — DiflB-Culty in Passing Urine, &c. 

Proper Treatment of Pregnancy. — The proper treatment of preg- 
nancy consists for the most part in paying increased attention to the laws of 
health. A pregnant woman requires a full allowance of rest, and should 
therefore be careful to avoid late hours. She should take plenty of outdoor 
exercise whenever the state of the weather permits; and, while avoiding all 
unnecessary strain, such as the lifting of heavy weights, or reaching things 


from a height, she may engage m the lighter duties of her house, not only 
without risk, but with actual gain of health and strength. Her food should be 
taken with the utmost regularity, and should be plain and simple in its nature. 
Good new milk should form a considerable part of her every-day diet. Stimu- 
lants are entirely unnecessary, except when taken under special medical 

As the abdomen enlarges it is of the utmost importance that the clothing 
should not be tight. A foolish regard for appearances has led many a woman 
into most lamentable mistakes on this point. 

During pregnancy the mind should be attended to as well as the body. 
All unnatural excitement is to be carefully guarded against, and distressing 
sights are to be especially shunned. 

Action of the Bowels. — Great care must be exercised to ensure a daily 
action of the bowels. An excellent plan is to set apart a certain hour of the 
day for attending to this function, whether the desire for relief be urgent or 
not. Perhaps the most convenient time for most people is immediately after 
breakfast. By following this simple rule, a habit is established which will go 
far to obviate the necessity for aperient medicine. When such medicine is 
required, it should be of the simplest possible kind; for example, a compound 
rhubarb pill, or a little castor-oil. When constipation is associated with piles, 
the aperient chosen should be a tea-spoonful of sulphur in a little milk every 
morning, or a similar quantity of the compound liquorice powder made into a 
paste by mixing a little water with it; and the patient should be instructed to 
make her daily visit to the water-closet immediately before retiring to bed for 
the night. By these means the aching pain which, under such circumstances, 
is apt to follow every action of the bowels, may be considerably diminished. 
Injecting half a pint of cold water into the bowel, immediatly before the 
bowels are moved, often proves highly serviceable. Should the piles become 
inflamed or unusually painful, the patient must keep her bed for a day or two, 
and bathe the parts with warm water from time to time. Where these meas- 
ures are required, however, the medical attendant should be consulted. 

The nipples, especially in first pregnancies, should be hardened by bathing 
them daily during the last month or two with a mixture of equal parts of eau- 
de-Cologne and water, in order to render them less liable to crack and become 
sore and painful on the application of the child. Inflammation and abscess 
of the breast often originate in cracked nipples. 

Sore Breasts. — When the breasts become swollen and painful, they 
should be frequently fomented with flannels wrung out of hot water, and, in 
the meantime, should be supported, as in a sling, by a broad handkerchief pass- 
ing under the arm of the affected side and over the opposite shoulder. 

Sometimes the veins of the legs, thighs, and lower part of the body 
become swollen and uncomfortable. Under these circumstances, the patient 
should lie down as much as possible every day, and at once discontinue the 
use of tight garters. 

In women who have borne many children, the abdominal walls are apt to 
become relaxed, and the pregnant womb, being insufficiently supported, is 

I^UMSmG. 281 

then in danger of falling forward, so as not only to produce deformity, but to 
prove a hindrance during labor, A flannel binder, or one of the abdominal 
belts sold for the purpose, should in these cases be constantly worn during the 

Now and then the sickness, already alluded to as a common accompani- 
ment of the early months of pregnancy, becomes so troublesome and incessant 
as to cause serious loss of strength. Under such circumstances consult a 

The Urine. — Towards the end of pregnancy it is not at all unusual for 
there to be some difficulty in passing urine, and for the desire to pass it to 
become very frequent. Should these symptoms, however, occur during the 
earlier months, and especially during the third and fourth, a medical man 
should be consulted; as they may be due to a displacement of the womb, 
which requires immediate attention. 

Troublesome heartburn, diarrhoea, palpitation, persistent neuralgia, sali- 
vation, itching or swelling of the external parts, swelling of the face or ankles, 
all require prompt attention, and if severe, the personal care of the medical 

Usual Significance and Temporary Treatment — Placenta 
Prse via — Precautions after Previous Abortions — Treatment 
after Miscarriage. 

Uterine Hemorrhage, or a discharge of blood from the womb, dur- 
ing pregnancy, is usually a sign that miscarriage is threatening, and hence 
requires prompt medical attention. In summoning a doctor under these cir- 
cumstances it is always desirable to send a note, rather than a verbal message, 
and to state clearly the nature and urgency of the case. Meantime an en- 
deavor should be made to restrain the hemorrhage by causing the patient to 
lie down, with the head low and a pillow under the hips, by admitting plenty 
of cool, fresh air into the room, and by ensuring perfect quietness. 

If possible, the services of a trained nurse should be obtained at once, and 
she, with perhaps one other person, should alone remain in the room. Cloths, 
dipped in cold water or in vinegar and water, must be applied to the external 
genitals for a few minutes at a time, the application being frequently repeated. 
If wet cloths are kept on for a longer period, they are sure to become warm, 
and so, by acting as a poultice, defeat the object in view, and indeed tend 
rather to increase than to check the flow of blood. When the hemorrhage con- 
tinues, or becomes very profuse, the nurse must not hesitate to send for the 
nearest doctor as well as for the ordinary medical attendant. In such cases it 
will be desirable for her to take a dry napkin or two, and, having folded them 
in the form of a pad, to press them forcibly against the external genitals and 
hold them there. All the discharges, whether solid or fluid, should be care- 
fully retained for the inspection of the medical attendant 


These alarming hemorrhages are often brought about by accidents, such 
as blows or falls, or by the lifting of heavy weights. But when flooding first 
makes its appearance, at the seventh month or later, and there has been no 
such accident to account for it, the probability is that the case is one of placeMa 
frmvia, in which the after-birth is in an unusual position — namely, over th^ 
mouth of the womb, constituting a very dangerous complication. The tem- 
porary treatment of flooding due to this condition in no way differs, however, 
from that already described. 

When previous pregnancies have been cut short by miscarriage, it is very 
necessary that the greatest precautions should be observed to avoid the repeti- 
tion of such an accident. Now, we know from experience, that miscarriages 
are most apt to take place at those times which, in the absence of pregnancy, 
would have been the ordinary menstrual pr riods. It is on these occasions, 
therefore, that preventive measures are most needed and most likely to be 
useful. Every month, then, during the time that the patient would, under 
other circumstances, have been unwell, she should maintain the recumbent 
posture, if not in bed, at any rate on a couch. If this simple rule were attended 
to, many a miscarriage would be averted. A woman known to be liable to 
abortion should, moreover, be specially careful to avoid all its most common 
causes; she should abstain from exciting entertainments, violent exercise, 
fatiguing or rough journeys, strong purgative medicines, and exposure to cold. 
And, lastly, as it is very doubtful whether any of the causes I have named are 
suSicient in themselves to bring on abortion, without a predisposition thereto 
from some local or general weakness or disease, it is very desirable that patients 
who have formed the so-called "habit"' of aborting, should consult their med- 
ical attendant at the commencement of pregnancy with a view to being placed 
under a regular course of treatment. 

The after-treatment of patients who have miscarried is a most important 
matter, and one which receives far too little attention. It is no uncommon 
thing among patients of the laboring and middle classes for women to go about 
their ordinary duties as early as the second or third day, and some do not even 
rest for more than a few hours. Now, although this neglect of proper pre- 
caution may not result in any immediate ill-effects, it frequently lays the 
foundation of chronic disease with much attendant misery and suffering. 
Whenever nurses have an opportunity they should tell their patients what 
there is in store for them if they resume their ordinary duties too soon after 
such an occurrence. No absolute rule can be laid down as to the length of 
time during which rest is necessary; it depends so entirely on circumstances 
that vary in different cases. Thus, in a caje of abortion during the early 
months, for instance, where the loss has been small and the health has not 
suffered, four to six days' absolute rest in bed, followed, during the next ten to 
fourteen days, by the greatest care and prudence, will, in the absence of special 
directions from the medical attendant, be generally found sufficient. When 
the health is unaffected it becomes very irksome to lie in bed for the time here 
indicated; nevertheless, this rule cannot be neglected without running grave 


Should the pregnancy be further advanced, or the circumstances less 
favorable, a longer period of rest will be required. Where there has been 
severe or long-continued flooding, a patient is frequently reduced to a conditioi:. 
of weakness quite equal to that following an ordinary confinement. In such 
cases it is only reasonable to expect the same care to be exercised as after a 
labor at full term. 

On no account should a patient leave her bed, after a miscarriage, 3o long 
as any discharge of blood continues, as, while that persists, it is uncertain 
whether there is not some portion of the after-birth or membranes still remain- 
ing in the womb, and rendering the patient liable to further attacks of flooding. 

PROCESS OP NATURAL LABOR: Signs of Approaching 
Labor — Its Division into Stages — Labor- Pains,— The "Bag 
of Waters " — Description of First Stage — Of Second Stage 
— Of Third Stage. 

Approach of Labor Pains. — Towards the latter part of the ninth 
month, certain changes take place which give warning that labor is not far off. 
One of the earliest of these is sinking of the abdominal swelling; the upper 
end of the womb, which at the beginning of the ninth month, reaches as high 
as the pit of the stomach, now falls a little below that point. Great relief to 
the breathing follows this alteration, as the pressure upon the organs within 
the chest is thereby greatly lessened. On the other hand, owing to this change 
in the position of the womb, certain new inconveniences arise from the pressure 
of its lower portion on the various important parts contained in the pelvis. 
Thus, walking becomes more difficult, the bladder requires relieving more fre- 
quently, and piles are apt to form. 

A sign that makes it probable that labor is actually about to commence is 
the appearance of a slight discharge of mucus, streaked with a little blood. 
This is spoken of, in the lying-in room, as the "show." 

Ijabor is Divided, for the Sake of Description, into Three 
Stages. — 77ce first of these is called the stage of dilatation of the mouth of 
the womb; the second lasts from the moment when that dilatation is completed 
up to the birth of the child; while the third, or last stage, includes the time 
from the birth of the child to the coming away of the after-birth, or placenta. 

The so-called pains of labor are, in reality, contractions of the muscular 
wall of the womb. At the early part of labor they are slight, occur at long 
intervals, and are felt mostly in the lower part of the front of the abdomen; 
as labor advances, they become longer and more energetic, follow one another 
more quickly, though always with a certain regularity, and are generally felt 
chiefly in the back and loins. Each pain is comparatively feeble at its com- 
mencement, increases in intensity until it reaches its height, and then gradually 
passes off. This character, together with the regularity of their recurrence, 
serves to distinguish pains really due to uterine contraction from colicky and 
other pains, for which they are sometimes mistaken. 


The bag of waters consists of the membranous coverings of the foetus, 
enclosing within them what the doctors call, the liquor amnii, in which the child 
floats. During pregnancy this fluid serves to preserve the child from injury; 
during labor it forms a pouch at the mouth of the womb, which it acts upon 
liise a wedge, and so assists in dilating. Experience tells us that, when the 
waters escape early, labor is rendered more tedious. The explanation of this 
is to be found in the fact that the bag of waters, being round and even, and 
pressing on the mouth of the womb {os uteri) equally all around, the mouth of 
the womb is opened out more rapidly and easily by this even pressure than by 
the uneven surface of the presenting part of the child. 

As the OS uteri opens, and the end of the first stage draws near, the pouch 
formed by the protruding membranes is pushed further into the front passage, 
or vagina, and, the pains becoming more violent, the membranes at last give 
way during a pain more severe than the rest, and so the waters escape. In 
natural labors this usually happens as soon as the mouth of the womb is fully 
opened and thus Wlq first stage of labor is ended. 

The head of the child now begins to pass through the os uteri. After a 
certain time, usually much shorter than that occupied by the first stage, it 
reaches the vaginal opening, through which it gradually escapes, and thus the 
child is born, and the second stage is completed. 

The pains of the first stage are called " grinding pains," and are different in 
character from those of the second stage, which are known as "forcing" or "bear- 
ing pains." The cry which is called forth by the pains during the first stage is 
also different from the groan which escapes from the patient when the pains of 
the second stage commence. An experienced nurse knows from this circum- 
stance alone that the first stage is over, and as the sending for the doctor ought 
on no consideration whatever to be delayed beyond this period, it is a point of 
great practical importance. 

The pains now become stronger and more frequent; the patient, holding 
her breath and bearing down at each return of the pain, becomes hot and 
flushed, and breaks out into a profuse perspiration. At the end of each pain 
the head of the child goes back a little, which prevents the strain from being 
so continuous as to be hurtful and exhausting. Nevertheless, almost every 
pain marks an advance upon the one preceding. This slight withdrawal of 
the head is frequently perceived by the patient herself, and unless explained 
to be natural and necessary, is apt to make her think she is not making any 
progress. There eventually comes a point, however, when the head is so far 
expelled that it no longer recedes between the pains. The intervals become 
shorter, and the pains more severe, until at last the head slips out altogether, 
and then the most painful part of the labor is over. The uterus usually now 
rests for a moment. Then the face of the child makes a little turn towards one 
of the patient's thighs, generally the right, in order that the shoulders may be 
brought into such a position that they may pass with the least difficulty. With 
another strong pain the shoulders are expelled. The rest of the body gives 
little trouble, for no part of it is as broad as those which have already passed^ 

If^UESlNO. 285 

The contractions of the womb now cease for a short time, varying from 
five to ten or twenty minutes, when a little pain is again felt, and the after- 
birth and membranes are discharged, along with a small quantity of blood, 
with which a few clots are generally mixed. 

Such is a brief account of the order of events in a perfectly natural labor. 

in the Lying-in Room — Preparation of the Bed— Personal 
Clothing of Patient — Number of Persons in the Room — 
Caution in Conversation— Attention to the State of the 
Bladder — Food — Vomiting — Cramp — Fomenting the Per- 
ineum in First Labors. 

If the nurse is not already in the house, the appearance of the first dis- 
charge or " show " is a sufficient warning that she should be summoned. No 
time should be lost in obeying the call, for many women, especially if they 
have borne children previously, pass through all the stages of labor very quickly. 
On arriving at the house the nurse should make the necessary changes in her 
dress, and appear before the patient ready for duty. An opportunity will soon 
occur of forming a judgment as to whether the patient is really in labor, and, 
if so, how far it has advanced. If labor has actually commenced, the patient 
win, before long, cease speaking, suddenly grasp the nurse's arm, or the back 
of a chair, or whatever happens to be at hand, and exhibit other signs of suf- 
fering. The nurse will know, by the characters enumerated on a previous 
page, whether this is a genuine labor-pain or not, and will observe how long it 
lasts and the degree of its severity. When it is over, she should inquire when the 
pains began, how often they return, whether the waters have been discharged, 
and other similar questions, in order that she may know what kind of message 
she is to send to the medical attendant, who ought at once to be informed that 
his patient is in labor. 

Let me now suppose that the nurse has made sure that her patient is in 
labor, and that she has acquainted the medical attendant. 

If the bowels have not been freely opened within the last six hours, it will 
be desirable to give a simple enema of soap and water. The emptying of the 
lower bowel will facilitate the labor, and will save both the patient and attendant 
the annoyance caused by the passing of faeces during a later stage. This hav- 
ing been attended to, the patient may be allowed to sit up in a chair or walk 
about the room, according to her inclination, provided it is clear that the labor 
has not yet reached its second stage. If it is night-time, however, it is better for 
her to remain in bed, in order that she may, if possible, get a few moments' 
sleep between the pains. During the early stage of labor it is of no use for 
patients to "hold their breath and bear down" during each pain, as they are 
often urged to do by untrained and inexperienced nurses. It must always 
be left to the medical attendant to decide when bearing-down efforts have 
become desirable and ought to be encouraged. 


It is often a great relief to a patient for the nurse to support her back with 
her flat hand during a pain. In the meantime she should see that all things are 
in readiness for the actual confinement. The following are always wanted:— 




Needles and Thread. 

Nursery, or safety, pins 


Pieces of old linen. 




Thread, or strong worsted, for 

tying cord. 

Vaseline, cold cream, or lard. 
Water, hot and cold. 
Waterproof sheeting. 
Puff-box, and complete set of 

clothes for the baby. 

In addition to the above it is advisable to have in the room some good 
brandy, a fan, a syringe, a foot-bath, and a nursing-apron. 

The Binder usually consists of two pieces of stout twilled cotton, each 
two yards long and of good width, the edges of which are stitched together so 
as to make the binder of double thickness. On an emergency, a small table- 
cloth or cotton sheet, suitably folded, answers the purpose very well. 

The Receiver should be of flannel made of double thickness, and large 
enough to wrap the child thoroughly. The flimsy receivers sometimes used 
are only fit to protect a doll. A good thick fiaimel petticoat, or a cot-blanket, 
is as good as anything. 

The Thread or Worsted for Tying the Cord must be made ready 
in the following way: Twelve equal lengths, measuring about a foot, are to be 
laid side by side and arranged evenly. Six of these lengths, are then to be 
knotted together at a distance of about two inches from each end, and the 
remaining six in the same way. Having been thus prepared, the threads must 
be laid on the dressing-table, and a pair of good scissors by the side of them, 
ready for handing to the medical attendant at the proper moment. 

The Preparation of the Bed is a matter of considerable importance, 
and ought to be attended to during the early part of labor. Women are usu- 
ally delivered lying on the left side, with the knees drawn up towards the 
abdomen. The right side of the bed, therefore, is the one which requires 
preparing, and that part of it near the foot is preferable because the upper part 
of the bed is thus kept clean and comfortable for the patient when the labor is 
over, and because of the help derived from being able to plant the feet firmly 
against the bed-post during the pains. 

The mattress being uncovered, a large piece of rubber cloth is to be 
spread over it, and upon this a sheet folded several times. Next to this should 
come the clean under-sheet, on which the patient is to lie, and upon that 
another piece of waterproof sheeting, large enough to reach above the hips. 
Over this upper rubber, and ready to be removed with it after the labor is 
over, are to be then placed a folded blanket, and, lastly, a folded cotton sheet, 
both of which should reach well above the hips, so as to absorb the dischargea 

NUESIIfG. 287 

Two pillows are then to be put in the centre of the bed, so that the patient may 
lie with the upper part of the body directly across the bed, the hips being as 
near the edge as possible. The upper bed-clothing during labor should consist 
of a sheet, one blanket, and a thin counterpane, which should completely hide 
from exposure every part of the patient's person, except the head and neck, 
A long roller-towel should be fastened to the bed-post at the patient's feet. 
Nurses often make the mistake of fixing this to the post at the opposite corner, 
or even to one of the posts at the bed's head. A very little consideration, how- 
ever, will make the inconvenience of this arrangement apparent. By grasping 
the end of a towel, attached in the way I have recommended, the patient pulls 
herself still closer to the edge and foot of the bed ; whereas, by pulling at a 
towel fastened to one of the posts on the further side of the bed, she drags 
herself away from the very position which it is desirable she should preserve. 
The same objection, of course, applies to supplying the place of the towel by 
means of the hands of an attendant standing on the left side of the bed. This 
should never be encouraged, as it always has a tendency to displace the patient, 
and to render it difficult for the medical attendant to give needful assistance. 

As labor advances, and it becomes necessary for the patient to be placed in 
bed, she should put on a clean chemise and night-dress, which should be rolled up 
under the armpits out of reach of the discharges, while the soiled chemise and 
night-dress should be slipped down from the arms and shoulders, and loosely 
fastened round the waist. (Amongst the working classes it is still too much the 
custom for women to be confined in their every-day dress. It is a practice that 
ought always to be discountenanced.) The hair should be dressed in such a way 
that the continuous lying in bed after the confinement will not drag upon or 
entangle it more than is inevitable. 

It is very undesirable for a woman in labor to be surrounded by a number 
of friends and neighbors. In most cases the nurse herself is the only attendant 
that is really needed, although the presence of one other person (the husband) 
should not be objected to, if the patient wishes it. 

No nurse should ever allow herself to be teased into prophesying that the 
labor will be over by a certain hour. If such prophesies turn out incorrect, as they 
are most likely to do, the patient loses courage and confidence. All gossip is 
to be avoided, and nurses should be particularly careful to make no reference 
to their past experiences, especially such as have been unfavorable. A good, 
kind nurse v ill not be at a loss for a few helpful and encouraging words as 
labor goes on, and will not need to have recourse either to foolish promises or 
dismal anecdotes. 

Every now and then the patient should be reminded to pass water, lest the 
bladder should become so full as to binder labor. This point is often neglected, 
partly because the attention is so preoccupied that the desire to empty the blad- 
der is scarcely perceived, and partly because when the waters have broken, the 
escape of a little gush of amniotic fluid during each pain often misleads the 
patient, making her think she has passed urine when really she has not. 

Food for the Patient. — In the early part of labor when pains are slight 
and the intervals long, there is no reason for interfering either with the charac- 


ter or regularity of the patient's ordinary meals, provided there exist the desire 
for solid food. During the later stages, however, it is wise to confine her to 
fluids, such as beef-tea, gruel, milk, and tea, and to administer them in small 
quantities at a time, so as not to overload the stomach and excite sickness. 
Patients often ask for a little cold water, and many nurses, influenced by old 
traditions, fear to gratify the wish. A sip of pure water can never do harm, 
only it must be a "sip" and not a tumblerful, the patient being assured that 
small draughts, frequently repeated, assuage thirst far better than larger quan- 
tities. On no account must stimulants be given, except when expressly ordered 
by the medical attendant. 

Vomiting is a troublesome symptom and distresses the patient, but its 
influence on the progress of the labor is in no way unfavorable. Should it, 
however, be excessive, it is well to give a little iced effervescing water from time 
to time. 

Cramps During Labor. — Many patients suffer very severely from 
cramp during labor. Relief can frequently be obtained by stretching the limb 
straight out, and at the same time bending the ankle so as to put the muscles of 
the calf well on the stretch. Gentle rubbing of the affected part with the hand 
also affords great comfort. 

In the case of patients who have not borne children previously, it is an 
excellent plan to diligently foment the perineum from the very outset of labor, 
so as to render the skin softer and more yielding, and lessen the risk of tearing. 

— What to do in the absence of the Medical Attendant — 
Supporting the Perineum— Assisting at the Birth— Tying 
the Cord — Breech Cases — The Third Stage — Application of 
The Binder, &c.— Convulsions— Fainting— Palling Forward 
of the Womb. 

When the pains alter in character, compelling the patient to make efforts 
to bear down, and the face begins to get flushed and the skin to become moist 
with perspiration, the nurse may feel pretty well assured that the first stage is 
over; and if the medical attendant has not arrived, she should request him to 
be summoned without delay. In the meantime, the patient must be put to 
bed, and encouraged to bear down and assist the pains. The binder, napkins, 
and receiver must be spread near the fire in readiness. 

Should the child's head press upon the perineum before the arrival of the 
medical attendant, a warm folded napkin may be placed in the palm of the 
nurse's left hand and held against the bulging perineum, the fingers being 
directed backwards, so that the front edge of the perineum may receive the 
chief support. The object of this is to prevent the child's head passing too 
quickly and suddenly forwards to the vaginal outlet and to preserve the perin- 
eum from being torn. The great point at this stage is to avoid doing too much. 
Nothing but harm is likely to result from attempts to enlarge the opening by 
stretching the lips apart with the fingers, or to push back the edge of the perin 

J^UHSING. 289 

eum in the hope of facilitating the escape of the head. Contrary to the popular 
belief, the attendant's duty is rather to keep back the head by gentle pressure, 
than to hasten its expulsion. Above all things there should be no pulling; 
Nature is to be allowed to do her own work. 

If the medical attendant be still absent when the head is born, the nurse 
must spread the flannel receiver close up to the vaginal orifice, and receive the 
head of the child upon her right hand, still keeping up the gentle pressure 
upon the stretched perineum until the shoulders have passed out. Even then 
the body and legs must be left to follow of themselves, the nurse meanwhile hold- 
ing up the parts which are already born. The upper bed-clothes should be 
now turned back sufficiently to allow the child to breathe, without causing any 
exposure of the patient herself. If the navel-string is found coiled around the 
child's neck, it must be slipped over its head as quickly as possible, lest the 
life of the child should be sacrificed owing to a stoppage in the circulation of 
the blood through the cord. Very occasionally it happens that the child is 
born with the membranes unbroken ; they will in such cases be found drawn 
tightly over the little face, and will cause death from suffocation, unless quickly 
torn open and the mouth freed. Amongst some people this occurrence is 
known as being born with a veil or caul. 

The cry which a child usually utters as soon as it is born, helps to fill the 
lungs with air, and is on that account rather to be encouraged than checked. 
If the child does not cry, the nurse must examine the mouth to ascertain 
whether there is anything either over it or within it, preventing the breathing. 
Sometimes there is some frothy mucus in the mouth which can be cleared away 
with the finger. It is often useful, also, when breathing is delayed to turn 
the child on its face, and give it a few gentle slaps on the back with the flat 

The navel-string must not be tied until the breathing is established, unless 
it is quite evident that the child is still-born. The first ligature must be 
tied an inch and a half from the navel, and the knot must be pulled tightly two 
or three times so as to squeeze out of the way the jelly-like material which 
surrounds the blood-vessels of the cord; otherwise the vessels may not be closed 
by the ligature, and bleeding from the stump may occur to a fatal extent while 
the nurse is attending to the mother. The second ligature is placed an inch 
further from the child than the first one, and the cord is then divided with scis- 
sors mid-way between the two. All this must be done outside of the bed-clothes, 
lest some other part than the cord be cut in mistake. 

Now and then it happens that a nurse has to take the temporary charge of 
cases where not the head, but the breech, passes out first. Delivery with the 
child in this position is full of danger to the life of the child. The nurse must 
not hasten matters by pulling, even when the legs are already born; but, when 
the whole of the child's body has passed except the head and arms, and when 
these parts appear to be arrested, she may endeavor to assist Nature by bringing 
down the arms from the sides of the child's head in the following manner: — 
Passing her forefinger up the child's back, and over its shoulder, she draws the 


arm gently down across the front of the chest by hooking her finger into the bend 
of the elbow. The same mancEuvre is repeated with the other arm. The head will 
then be the only part remaining nnborn. It is possible that, now that the arms 
have been brought down, the efforts of Nature may be equal to the task of 
expelling the head. Should the pains, however, prove ineffectual, the nurse 
may render further assistance by pressing with the fingers of one hand against 
the back of the child's head and so tilting the head forwards, while with the 
two first fingers of the other hand, placed 'one on each side of the nose, she 
endeavors to draw down the face. This plan is generally preferable to the one, 
not unfrequently adopted, in which traction is made by placing the fingers in 
the child's mouth. In all breech-cases a warm bath should be in readiness, in 
the event of the child requiring to be resuscitated. 

The child, having been now separated, is to be wrapped in the receiver, 
with the face alone exposed, and placed out of harm's way on the other side of 
the bed. The patient must be warned to lie perfectly still, and to wait patiently 
for the one or two insignificant pains which accompany the expulsion of the 
after-birth. These generally occur from five to twenty minutes after the birth 
of the child. Meanwhile the nurse must provide the medical attendant with a 
basin or other vessel, previously warmed before the fire, to receive the after- 
birth, and one or two warm napkins. 

Should the medical attendant, however, be still absent, the nurse must 
place her hand upon the abdomen of the mother and ascertain whether there is 
another child. If she should find such to be the case, she must convey the 
news to the mother very cautiously, assuring her that the second child will be 
born with much less pain than the first. If there is no second child to be felt, 
the nurse will do well to keep her hand laid upon the mother's abdomen until 
a slight pain occurs, when she must spread out her hand like a fan and gently 
press the uterus so long as the pain continues. Meantime, she is to hold a suit- 
able vessel in her left hand ready to receive the placenta when it is expelled, 
taking care on no account to pull the cord. Sometimes the placenta and mem- 
branes are expelled during the first pain; more frequently two or three pains 
occur before this takes place. 

If the uterus can be felt, under the hand, hard, firm, and as small as a good- 
sized cricket-ball, the placenta, if it has not already made its appearance, will 
in all probability be found lying in the vagina. In order to make sure about 
this, the hand may be withdrawn from the front of the abdomen, and the fore- 
finger passed gently up by the side of the cord. If the insertion of the cord 
into the after-birth can be easily and distinctly made out, it is pretty certain 
that the placenta has escaped from the uterus into the vagina, and it may, there- 
fore be carefully liooked down with the finger. As the placenta passes out, it 
is a good precaution to twist it round once or twice, so as to make a vdsp of 
the membrane and bring them all away at the same time. A slight discharge 
of clotted and fluid blood usually accompanies the termination of the third 

When the placenta and membranes have come away, the hand should again 
be placed over the uterus, in order to make sure that it is firm and well con- 


traded. If, instead of this being the case, it is felt to be large, soft, and 
uncontracted, firm pressure should be continued, so as to excite contraction and 
prevent flooding, which, in such circumstances, is greatly to be feared. 

Should a gush of blood make its appearance in spite of the pressure, the 
hand must still be kept over the uterus and the pressure increased, cold wet 
cloths being in the meantime repeatedly applied with suddenness to the external 
genitals. Of course, if the medical attendant has left the house, he must be 
again summoned at once. 

The uterus being firmly contracted, and the flow of blood having ceased, 
the thighs and surrounding parts are to be gently sponged with warm water 
and dried by means of a soft warm napkin. 

If there has been no flooding, the soiled chemise and night-dress may now 
be drawn down, and, along with the folded sheet, blanket, and upper rubber, 
removed from beneath the patient, who must not be permitted to make the 
slightest eflfort while this is being done. Then she may be slowly rolled over 
on to her back, to allow of the application of the binder. The binder, well 
aired, must be rolled up to half its length, and the roll passed underneath the 
lower part of the patient's back. Being caught on the other side, it is then 
unrolled, and having been smoothed out free from wrinkles, it is so applied as 
to encircle the hips tightly, and the overlapping end is then secured by means of 
three or four good safety-pins. All this is to be done with as little exposure of 
the patient as possible. The pillows having been duly replaced, the patient 
may now be carefully lifted into her usual position in bed; a fresh warm napkin 
being applied against the vulva, and the clean chemise drawn down into its 

If, however, there has been any flooding, the patient, must still remain 
undisturbed for some time after the discharge has ceased, the nurse from time 
to time examining the napkins to make sure that there is no return of the 

When the medical attendant is present, he will probably prefer to under' 
take many of these duties himself; at any rate he, being the responsible person, 
will give instructions according to the requirements of each individual case, 
which instructions it will be the nurse's simple duty to obey. 

During the passage of the child's head, it facilitates matters if the patient's 
knees are separated. This is sometimes effected by placing a pillow between 
them, but the pillow is apt to be in the way, and a better plan is for the 
nurse to pass her hand beneath the right knee, and keep it well raised during 
each pain. 

Sometimes the medical attendant desires the nurse to make pressure upon 
the womb during the third stage of labor, to assist it in expelling the after- 
birth. To do this she should stand behind the patient at the doctor's left hand, 
and passing the hand under the bedclothes, she should place it on the abdomen, 
where she will feel the round, firm body of the uterus above the pubes. 
Spreading out her hand over this organ, she should keep up a steady pressure 
downwards and backwards as long as the attendant desires it. 


Convulsions, coming on during labor, are always alarming, and place 
the patient's life in great danger. Should they occur before the arrival of the 
medical attendant, no time should be lost in sending for him. In the meantime 
all that the nurse can do is to keep her patient lying flat down; to see that there 
is no tight clothing about her head and chest; to prevent biting the tongue by 
pushing it, if possible, behind the teeth, and placing a cork or piece of India- 
rubber between them; to admit plenty of fresh air into the room; and, lastly, 
to restrain the meddlesome interference of bystanders. It is altogether worse 
than useless to attempt to force water or stimulants down the throat while the 
patient is struggling and unconscious; and although sprinkling the face with 
water, rubbing the hands, and applying smelling salts to the nose, can do no 
harm, it is more than doubtful whether they ever produce any benefit. "When 
the fit is over, should the medical attendant not have arrived, the nurse may 
administer a soap-and-water enema with advantage. 

Fainting during labor should always lead to a suspicion that there is 
some loss of blood going on, and the medical attendant ought to be immedi- 
ately summoned, even if there is no blood to be seen externally, for internal 
bleeding may be going on, notwithstanding. The important point to remember 
about fainting is, that the patient is on no account to be raised up, however 
much she may desire it. The level posture, plenty of cool, fresh air, sprinkling 
a little water on the face, and firm, steady pressure with the hand over the 
uterus, comprise all that it is desirable for a nurse to do in the way of treat- 
ment. If there is external hemorrhage, an endeavor must be made to con. 
trol it in the manner described later on. 

Some women, who have previously borne children, suffer from a falling 
forward of the womb, causing an unusual prominence of the lower part of the 
abdomen. Such persons require to be put to bed at a very early stage of labor, 
and should either be allowed to lie flat on the back, or be supported in the half- 
sitting posture. The late Dr. Radford, of England, to whom I am indebted 
for the recommendations contained in this paragraph, has recorded two fatal 
cases in which this condition was present, and in each of which rupture of the 
uterus took place at the very moment of the patient rising to her feet during 

He suggests that, in order that the uterus may be safely guided into, and 
maintained in such a position as will facilitate labor, the nurse should, in all 
such cases, put on a broad bandage at a very early period of the labor, and 
tighten it as labor advances. After the membranes have ruptured and the 
waters have been discharged, this bandage should be applied as follows: — The 
end lying upon the bed is to be fastened to the side of the bed, so as to consti- 
tute a fixed point, while the other end is held obliquely by the nurse, and grad- 
ually tightened as the child descends into the pelvis. The direction of the 
pressure will thus be slightly upwards as well as backwards. 

This mode of support, by what he terms a " regulating bandage," effectu- 
ally assists the entrance of the child's head into the pelvis. 

NURSma. 293 

and Dressing — Feeding and Feeding-bottles — Aperients — 
Sleep — Warmth and Fresh Air — Separation of Navel- 
string— Swelling of the Breasts in the Newly-born — The 

After making the mother comfortable, the next duty of the nurse is to 
attend to the washing of the child. This should be done, if possible, before the 
medical attendant leaves the house, in order that he may have an opportunity 
of examining the child thoroughly. For the washing, a foot-bath is required, 
or a basin at least one foot broad, one foot deep, and two feet long, so that the 
whole body, with the exception of the head, may be placed in the water for a 
minute or two. The nurse must also be provided with a piece of soft flannel, 
some olive-oil, a piece of good, unirritating soap, and, for the dressing, in 
addition to the clothes, a needle and thread, some safety-pins, and a piece of 
linen rag six inches square, with a hole cut in its centre large enough to admit 
the navel-string. Sitting at a convenient distance from the fire, she then pro- 
ceeds to unfold the flannel wrapper and anoint the child's skin with warm 
olive-oil wherever it is covered with the white greasy material usually present. 
This having been done, the child is to be put into the water, the temperaturf 
of which should be about 90°, and the head supported on the left hand out of 
the water. After having rested there for about two minutes, it is to be taken 
on the lap and washed with soap and flannel, the eyes being carefully cleaned 
first, then the head, and afterwards the remainder of the body, great pains 
being take to cleanse the little wrinkles at the various joints. After gently 
drying the skin with a soft warm towel, it must be well powdered, and espe- 
cially those parts near the joints where chafing is most likely to occur; viz.. 
under the knees and armpits, in the groins, and between the thighs. The 
piece of flannel used for the first washing should be burnt. 

The skin having now been wdl washed, dried, and powdered, the square 
of old linen is to be held near the fire for a minute and slipped over the remains 
of the navel-string, which is to be folded in it and turned upwards upon the 
child's abdomen, where it is to be retained by means of the flannel binder until 
its separation, which usually takes place about the fourth or flfth day. 

Up to the time of this separation, the child must be washed from head to 
foot on the nurse's lap, night and morning. Afterwards, when there is no 
longer any fear of injuring the navel, the child should be placed in the water 
for two minutes during the morning washing, the evening washing being done 
on the nurse's lap as before. Whenever a napkin is removed, the parts pro- 
tected by it must be well cleansed by sponging with a little soap and water, and 
then thoroughly powdered, so as to prevent the skin becoming sore. This rule 
holds good even if the napkin has only been soiled with urine, though it is of 
course still more necessary when, there has been also an action of the bowels. 

It is part of a nurse's duty to wash and dress the child during the time she 
stays in the house, and she should, for this purpose, be provided with a large 
soft flannel apron, which must be carefully dried each time it is used. 


The child's clothing should be warm without being heavy, and should fit 
loosely so as to allow the organs free play, and the blood to flow unhindered. 
The body-binder should be of flannel, as it is impossible to prevent its being 
soiled with the urine, and flannel, when wetted, does not chill the skin so much 
as other materials. None but patent safety-pins should be used about a baby, 
and even for them it is better to substitute two or three stitches wherever it is 

The medical attendant must always be informed, when he makes his first 
after-visit, whether the infant has passed urine and whether the bowels have 
acted; also as to any marks or other peculiarities that may have been noticed. 
The state of the eyes, too, should be narrowly watched, and any unhealthy 
appearance or the least sign of discharge at once reported. 

It is most undesirable to give a newly-born child butter and sugar, or other 
similar compound. For the first twelve hours at least, and indeed for a much 
longer time, the child will take no harm if left unfed. The proper course, 
however, is to apply it to the breast a few hours after birth — that is, as soon as 
the mother has recovered a little from the fatigue of labor. The breasts will 
probably not fill with milk for twenty-four or thirty-six hours, or even a little 
longer; but there is generally a little thick secretion of creamy fluid, called 
colostrum, much earlier than this, of which it is good for the mother to be 
relieved, and which acts as a gentle laxative upon the child. The early appli- 
cation of the child to the breast also helps to form the nipples, and renders the 
flow of milk easy from the first; it teaches the child how to suck, a lesson learnt 
less readily if it has previously been fed with a spoon; and, lastly, it provides 
it, in the majority of cases, with all the food it requires during the first day or 
two, and obviates the necessity of artificial feeding. 

The child should be put to the breast with clock-like regularity. Until the 
flow is fairly established, the interval should be four hours; afterwards, for the 
first month, an hour and a half or two hours in the daytime and four hours in 
the night. In tlie daytime the child may be awakened at the feeding-hour; in 
the night he should on no account be disturbed out of his sleep. Many infants 
will sleep continuously for six hours in the night, and suffer no harm from the 
long fast. 

If it is important that a child should be fed as often as is here stated, it 
is no less important that he should not be fed oftener. Young infants very 
soon learn habits of regularity, and, besides, their stomachs need rest between 
their meals, just as in our own case, except that, of course, the intervals 
required are shorter. Many women put the child to the breast whenever it 
cries, forgetting that this is the only way in which it can express its sense of 
discomfort, from whatever cause arising, and that it is quite as likely to be 
crying because it is in pain, or because its napkin wants changing, as from 

It is important from the first to apply the child to each breast in turn. 

When the secretion of milk is long delayed, and it becomes consequently 
necessary to feed the infant, the proper food is good cow's milk, boiled, so as 
to prevent its being a carrier of infection, then mixed with about an equal 

NUESma. 295 

quantity of "water, and sweetened. Bread and oatmeal gruel are not fit food 
for newly-born infants. They irritate the stomach and bowels and cause griping 
and flatulence. In short, during the first month of life no other food than the 
mother's milk or diluted cow's milk should be given, except under medical 

When the mother has not enough milk to satisfy the child, nursing may be 
combined with hand-feeding, which is generally preferable to hand-feeding 
alone. The additional food should consist of good milk, boiled, diluted with 
an equal quantity of water and sweetened. After the first month the quantity 
of added water requires to be gradually lessened. 

In case the mother cannot nurse her child, tlie next best way of feeding it 
is to obtain a good, healtliy wet-nurse, whose child is not much older than the 
one she is to nurse. The medical attendant should always be consulted in 
regard to the health and suitability of a wet-nurse, before she is engaged. 

It may be that a wet-nurse cannot be obtained, and tlien hand-feeding 
becomes necessary. For this purpose good milk (from one cow if possible), 
boiled, diluted, and sweetened, as already directed, is for the first few months 
all the food that is required. Arrowroot, cornstarch, and bread are all unsuit- 
able at this tender age, and afford far less nourishment than milk. 

Now and then a child is found with whom fresh milk does not agree, the 
curdy character of the stools showing that it is only partially digested. Should 
a change of dairy not suffice to set matters right, it will be desirable to try the 
concentrated Swiss milk, which, though greatly inferior to fresh milk, is the 
best of all artificial substances. Failing success with this, a malted prepara- 
tion, known as Mellin's Food for Infants, may be tried, at any rate until the 
digestive powers become sufficiently improved to return to milk. 

The custom of using feeding-bottles with India-rubber tubes has become 
exceedingly prevalent. These tubes are difficult to keep clean, and a mere drop 
or two of milk left adhering to the bottle or tube will often be sufficient to turn 
the next supply sour. Hence have arisen flatulence and indigestion, and much 
sickness and suffering. Another objection to the use of tubes is, that nurses 
are tempted to place children in the cot with the bottle of milk by their side 
and the tube in their mouth, a practice which is highly objectionable on several 
grounds. It does away with all regularity in feeding, and is very liable to 
cause the milk to be turned sour owing to the heat given off from the child's 
body. Feeding-bottles without tubes, and fitted with teats only, have the 
advantage of requiring to be held in the nurse's hand, and are on every account 
to be preferred. There should always be two, for alternate use, one being kept 
under water while the other is in actual use. Immediatetly after the child has 
had a meal, the bottle must be thoroughly washed in warm water. 

It is an unnecessary and injurious practice to administer castor-oil to the 
newly -born. The first milk (or colostrum) from the mother's breast generally 
relaxes the bowels suffici