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Educational Art Series 

\EVER. since the first gray dawn of time, has there been such a collection, of genius, such an assembly of 
the Master Spirits of the world, as that brought together by the grandest civic event in history, known 

as THE WORLD'S COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION. Here was a 'Spectacle of the Centuries ." the wondrous 

beautu is of which have I a heralded to the ends of the earth, whose like men now living may never hope 

to see again. All of the highest and best achievements of modern civilization; all that was strange, beautiful, 
artistic and inspiring; a vasi and wonderful university of the arts and sciences, teaching a noble lesson in 
history, art, science, discovery and invention, designed to stimulate the youth of this and future generations 
to greater. and more heroic endeavor. 

In contemplating the surprising combination of genius, enterprise and extravagance that alone produced 
this "Miracle of the Centuries," thousands and hundreds of thousands have been saddened by the thought 
ephemeral character. "We shall not look upon its like again" has been the utterance of their admira- 
tion and regret. Its towers, and pyramids, and pinnacles, which have been admired by reverential millions, 
will fade from existence. The great buildings which seem too grandly beautiful for reality may be razed; 
the Colonnade and Peristyle must perish ; Obelisk and Dome, Sculpture and Mural Decoration must pass away. 

The question is, how best to secure and preserve for the people the fullest, and most permanent results 
from the lessons it. teaches. We know how quickly vanish scenes caught by the eye and preserved only by 
the memory. Some safer receptacle must be found, or, great as the beneficial influences of this grandest of 
civic displays, the larger part of its benefits will be lost. 

It is the purpose of this 'Portfolio of Photographic Views" to furnish such a receptacle, in a form at 
once portable, beautiful and permanent, for present use and future preservation. In its pages will be pre- 
sented all the FEATURES OF THE FAIR-artistic and industrial, paintings and statuary, with interesting 
descriptions of the marvelous exhibits of the United States and Foreign Nations. Pictures alone, however 
beautiful, however necessary to the imparting of knowledge, are not of themselves sufficient; the intellect 
as well as the eye must be reached. The best talents of both author and artist are required, that what the 
mind receives through the eye may be impressed upon the understanding. 

For the entertainment and instruction of the young- this book is especially sent forth; such a book in 
the family is an object lesson, a work of perpetual interest, in its influence more wide-reaching and lasting 

the Fair itself It, is at once a Souvenir- for the millions who attended the exhibition as a record ol 
what they saw. and the exhibition itself for the millions who did not see it. 


Thf PHni«tn,bs ntrt In rhls book «re (.ken b r tbe Otrrcrnratnt Pholo Z*r .t>d IIM 4 fem bj »PmW 

I !>,. -mk U fully flrvV&A l, r coprrfffbt, an* ,ny Infringement wi\\ he pfMetnlc* In It,, f,,||,<, ,,,.-„, . 


A Portfolio of Photographic Views 


World's Columbian Exposition 


BY — • 


Chief of the Department of Fine Arts 






The Magnificent Vistas, Water-Ways, Natural Scenery and Landscape Effects 


"And they shall bring the glory and honor of the nations into it." — Rev. 21 : 26. 



IF there has been a lesson taught the thinking people of our country by the World's Columbian Exposition-a lesson which 
has impressed them more forcibly than any other— it has been the fact that we, a race of individualists more than any 
who have preceded us in Exposition work, have put aside individual taste and have united in an effort to carry out the 
several parts of a design which, from the day the work was inaugurated, was dominated by one idea. Never in modern 
times have men of widely different characteristics been brought together in a work that has resulted in such complete unity 
of action. 

The great exhibit buildings of the Fair will stand unrivalled in the history of the century as the most complete architec- 
tural work produced. So much has been written and said of the beauty of the individual buildings that many have lost sight 
of the work as a whole. The real art work— the design— was the ensemble. While the structures themselves were derived 
from classical prototypes, the grouping was thoroughly original, and the carrying out of the design was accomplished in a way 
that cannot fail to influence future architectural efforts to a remarkable degree. The two great points of interest were the Court 
of Honor and the Art Building, located at opposite ends of the grounds. The artistic effect produced by the noble proportions 
of the Art Palace mirrored in the placid surface of the lagoon made a picture the beauty of which cannot be described in 
words. So much enthusiasm was created in the early days of Exposition work by Mr. Atwood's beautiful building that little 
attention was given to, and less expected from, the national art sections then gradually assuming shape within its portals. 
Only later the visitors realized that here was gathered artistic wealth from all the world; not only the exceptional products 
of the painting and sculpture of our own time, but the most characteristic types of architecture and the arts utilized in the 
embellishment of structures in earlier periods. The vast collection of sculptural and architectural reproductions contributed by 
the Government of France — in part a gift to the people of the United States, to find a place in a public museum— illustrated 
the development of the fine arts in that country during the mediaeval and renaissance period. In the East Court of the Art 
Palace were grouped huge portals, galleries, tombs, columns, pilasters and architectural details, enriched by ornaments and 
sculptured figures. At the east end of the court, facing the center, was the central portal and part of the west front of the 
Abbey Church of St. Gilles — perhaps the finest example of Romanesque architecture dating from the Xllth century. From the 
center of the court rose the great gothic portal of the north transept of the Cathedral of Bordeaux, one of the most artistic 
examples of the XVth century. Facing the latter, at the west end of the court, was the reproduction from the famous gallery 
of the Cathedral of Limoges, one of the most interesting types of French renaissance of the XVIth century. Thus, in chrono- 
logical order, were placed examples of the three great dominating styles of French architecture, placed so that comparison readily 
could be made— comparison which a few years ago only could be made through drawings or engravings and miles of travel. 
There is temptation to write at length of these great works ; of the simplicity and dignity of the Romanesque portal ; the 

splendor of the gothic, and the delicacy and refinement of the detail of the renaissance gallery. The latter illustrates very clearly 
the freedom granted the imagination of the artist-designer in this period. The limited space devoted to this introduction makes 
it quite impossible even to enumerate the great number of rare examples of sculpture and ornament grouped in this one court. 

Passing from the architecture and sculpture of earlier periods to our own time, the most interesting section to many was 
the galleries assigned to the Japanese exhibits. For the first time in the history of international exhibitions, Japan— a country 
of artists— was given a place in the Department of Fine arts. In this section the student found that art was classified in a 
simple manner. The word Ait is given by these Eastern people a broader meaning than we of the West accord it. In Japan 
everything based upon the principles of artistic design becomes a work of art. The man of genius devotes himself as conscien- 
tiously to the expression of his ideas in wood or iron as does his brother artist of the West to works on canvas or in marble. 
In studying the various works displayed in this section, it was refreshing to note their freedom from borrowed ideas. 

Of all the expositions which have gone before, no one has come so near the ideal of an international exposition, in the 
wealth of its artistic features, as this. All the greater and lesser countries of the world entered into the work. Grouped in the 
pavilions — which afforded space for the twenty different national sections of the Department of Fine Arts — were the products of 
every school and branch of art, which, arranged in adjacent galleries, afforded the student an opportunity for comparative study. 
The strongly characteristic work of the Norwegian and Swedish schools, with their faithful rendition of color values, gave to 
our people a new idea of the standing of the Scandinavian artists. Russian art was shown for almost the first time. English 
pictures, of which too little is known by Americans, were presented in a way to convey a just idea of the beauties of the 
British school. The French, Dutch, German, Belgian, Italian, Austrian and Spanish sections contained rare examples — some of 
which are reproduced in this work — contributed by the leading artists or sent from national museums. 

The contributions of American artists, whether displayed in the galleries assigned to the United States section or in the 
decoration of the buildings, have asserted their right to be considered among trie artistic achievements of the time. They are 
on the same high plain as the best works of our architects, as exemplified in the great exhibit buildings. 

In preparing this work for the reader it has been the aim of the publisher to present to the individual who has not been 
fortunate enough to have visited the Fair a brief history and description of its varied beauties. It has been the ambition of the 
publisher also to present the work in so truthful a form as to preserve the Exposition in its artistic aspects in the mind of 
every one who visited Chicago in 1893. 


Chief Department of Fine Arts. 

THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING.— This structure nobly sustained the expectations oi the public, and held a sovereign position among all the wonders of the Fair. It was 
designed by Robert M. Hunt, of New York, and, beside serving as headquarters for the chief officers of the Exposition, its spacious rotunda offered a favorite meeting-place 
for friends, and was thronged early and late by admirers of the beautiful and impressive in architecture, Four square edifices (called pavilions) of the general height of the 
principal facades of the Exposition, were placed at the corners of a quadrangular square of two hundred and fifty feet, and from the inner corners of the roofs of these edifices 
rose the beautiful French, octagonal dome, which, in addition to its gilding, bore a conspicuous outer ornamentation in relief. Between each pavilion was a space abo'at 
ninety feet square, making the entrances to the rotunda- that is, the main entrances— about that far from the outer lines of the building. The whole design was in three 
stages: the first was the four pavilions, and carried the height sixty-five feet, to a level with the facades of the Court of Honor; the next stage was a central one, forty feet 
high; the third stage was the dome itself. The first stage was Doric; the second Ionic, with a colonnade of great dignity, as viewed from its loggia; the third was the 
ribbed dome, with its sculptural panels, anil reached a height of two hundred and sixty feet from the floor below. The rotunda was ornamented with panels that bore the 
names of nations and celebrated men, with didatic inscriptions, and in the upper part of the vault were Dodge's allegorical paintings. At night the dome was lighted with 
incandescent bulbs «o as to define its panels, and a corona shone on its crest, making a memorable illumination — the chief beauty of the Fair. The total cost was £650,000. 

of this novel stn 
in Jackson Park 

beauty and utility. The grand hall of this edifice was a popular i 
and impressive, and commanded fine views. There were cafes at eacl 
s Alice Rideout, of California, and represented Sacrifice, Charity, Virtu 

; hundred and ninety-nine by tbr 

s, by the ladies o 
brooch, which be< 
1 eighty-eight feet 

considered noteworthy that the femab 
and the ungainly central feature is 
eeting-place, and the whole fabric w; 
end of the roof, covered with Orieu 
and Wisdom. One of the paintings hei 
e of the principal interior decorators. 1 

iex, celebrated for its love of ornamt 
skylight which, however, produced i 
thronged with prominent people. T 

as the work o 

f the lamented 

s a golden on 

e, presented to 

he ladies of 

Nebraska. The 

Dimensions c 

f the Woman's 

THE PERISTYLE.— This uiagnificieut 
abandoned (or this simplier and mo 


ful form. Through 

Exposition could be effectively judged, 
the south with the Music Hall on the 


The States and Tern 

distinguished position, stood the Coin 

Iriga, or four-horse c 

right and left of the portal are group 
balustrade, representing Eloquence, Mi 

fireworks. The inscriptions on the Pc 
this classic structure. The cost of the 


that or 
ri style w 

ting the "Genius of 

-re suggested by Pres 

Music Hall and Cas 

, designed by the sculptoi 
;ation," the creations of 
au, aud fill the spaces be 
[ited its high spaces, was 
iliot of Harvard Universil 
is 5;ix.,ik.x.i, iiud the archil 

forty-eight great Corinthian columns, and co 

ueeted the Casino on 

in the columns. Placed upon the arch of 

ch and Potter, completed at a cost of $i5.«x 

. On pedestals at the 

in double row on the 

he two terminal structures. The promenade 

beneath its colonnade 

frequented, especially bv visitors who were \ 

itching the display of 

will be noted that other explorers beside Co 

iiinbus are honored in 

s C. B. Atwood, of Chicago. 

THE TRANSPORTATION BUI LDINQ — This Structure was remarkable in the group of greater building 
while the other enclosures were white. The angels which are seen on the facades were cut in lin 
geometrical lines, with something "f an Oriental expression ami effect. This bizarre appearance was ere 
is seen at the center, and is further illustrated and described in this volume, The style of the Ti 
Adler & Sullivan, the architects of the Auditorium and the Schiller Theatre in Chicago, where the sai 
lines may be studied. Broad as was the area of the structure, it counted but eighteen acres, annex 
of cars and the locomotives stood on tracks that ran into the annex from the rear, and made a display 
The arrangement of this department was nude with a view to history, and over two thousand feet of 
locomotive. The Chief of Transportation was Willard A. Smith. Dimensions: two hundred and fifty-sis 
by nine hundred feet. Cupola : one hundred ami sixty-six feet high, and reached by an exhibit of ei*; 
the work of John J. Boyle, of Philadelphia, and represented four modes of transportation— air, water, el< 

sn, and glued to the exterior, and the decoration generally was in 

ilitably relieved by the commanding beauty of the Golden Door, which 

asportation Building was called Romanesque, and it was erected by 

peculiarities of beautiful increasing arches and subtending straight 

nd all, and 

six hundred and ninety 
levators. The statuary 
:ity and land. Cost of i 

fourth among the great edifices. 

ican, and very flute-ring to national pride. 
;le exhibit showing the evolution of the 
feet; annex, four hundred and twenty-five 
to be seen at the side of the building WB8 
11, 1370,000. 


s remarkable portal may be 

ined by reference to the picture of the 

Transportation Building itself, on another page of this volume, and in a study of these shin 

v tha 

t the structure which they adorn has been 

purposely made severe in aspect, in order that by contrast this central feature might gain t 

e greater distinction. The arch 


of the building have called its vari-colored 

effects "Wagnerian," and we may accept their ideas so far as to name this entrance the wedd 

ng-niareb of a " Loheugrin "— in 

words, an unquestionably beautiful feature 

in an ensemble that is purposely devoid of entertainment and delight. It may be inferred 

that the architects, in produciu 

e rich geometrical effects, were inspired by 

Wagner's music. Rut whether there be or be not any practical relation between music and t: 

ecoratiou, the people gave the si 

al of 

approval to the "Golden Doorway "—which 

was rather silvern than golden — and Wagneriaus who spoke in riddles, and the masses, w 

o used shorter words, alike adn 


ind pr.iised the work. In its essence it is 

Asian, relieved by the beautiful tablets, or bas reliefs of John J. Boyle, the sculptor, which c 

ive, on either side, a touch of f 

ee ai 

to the circles and foliations of the Orient. 

Quotations from Bacon and Macau ly are inscribed over the doorway. The gilding was doue 

xperimeutally, and occupied ma 

y m 

utbs, with prodigious expense. 

and the Wooded Island were 
or the trees of Schonbruu bef 
feet long by two hundred am 

"The Kaiser's Wine Cellar." 
style of Horticultural Hall \va 
the hip-roof is observed. Tl 

'a capitol at Washington, for the government of roses and swee 
same time. The island spread before the gorgeous hot -house, 
S.the palaces of the Austrian Kaiser. The architect was W. L. II. Jenney, of Chicago, and 
filly reet wi.Ie. In the center he built a large dome, one hundred and eighty feet high, whict 
Illinois Buildings so far o ertopped it. Supporting the central pavilion, at a distance, on each s 
connected by curtains or galleries, in front and rear, which left two large open inner courts. In t 
liere the wine-growers of Germany, by beautiful panoramic scenes, portraved the wine -growing 
-ailed Venetian Renaissance, and the meaning of that description may best be noted in the fagad 
building was decorated with a sculptural frieze and six single figures, all by Loredo Taft, of CI 
idely known for his eloquence, learning and wit. The total cost was $300,000. The sculptors ah 

olets — a splendid flowery 
the grounds of Versailles 
covered a site nine hundi 
ch dominated the uorthei 

ofs of the t 

ii- building 

fane." The building 
before her Trianons, 
ed and ninety -eight 

s the building called 
ie Fatherland. The 



and drawn by the 
pour their abundance over the guuwales. TV 
Also bear heavy garlands. A torch at rest is 
Industry and Commerce. Time has imp ro vis 
at its eastern periphery flows in circular casi 
of sea-horses, mounted l.y riders who represt 
streams upward, and mermaids ami tritons at 


was entrusted with the design aud construction of Hie central fountain at the lair, and $50,000 were placed at his 
hat the ardent lover of sculpture actually expended fully $48,000 in bringing his great conception to successful 
n the Barge of State, heralded by Fame at the prow, oared by the Arts and Industries, guided by Time nt the helm, 
[ the barge is ornamented with an eagle's beak; its sides are bordered with dolpbius in relief; and horns of plenty 
n which Columbia sits, bears a national shield in front, aud the throne is supported by four kneeling children, who 
"s hand. The rowers on the right are Miuuc, Architecture, Sculpture and Painting; on the left, Agriculture, Science, 
, ut>iug his scythe. This barge stands in the center of a circular basin, one hundred and fifty feet in diameter, which 
■ falls to the surface of the Grand Basin of the Exposition, twelve feet below. In the basin of the fountain, four pair 
ntelligence. draw the barge. Near the semicircular balustrade which guards the rear of the fouutaiu, dolphins send 
i the fleecy display of htghthrowu water. The general effect of the MacMcnniics fountain was marvelously 

gained their chief enjoyment in sitting near by and enjoying this principal : 

It * 

■ the l.i, 

. I.mii 


THE CONVENT OP LA RABIDA-The Exposition of ,893 gained over all other World's Fairs because of its commemoration of Columbus, a world's hero. No spirit of 
national pnde was hurt and several European peoples were flattered by the extraordinary demonstration at Chicago. Chief among the honors paid to Columbus was the erection 
a reproduction of the Convent of La Rabida. at Palos, Spain, in which Columbus took refuge, and where he matured his plans of sailing due westward 

■ Bureau of American Republics, in the State Department of the nation, and 
feature of the Exposition. The building, made in faithful imitation of its 
Election of relics as may never again be seen together, and these relics were 
> speak to nobody, except in the way of duty. His Holiness the Pope and the 
Columbus and the maps 

at Jackson 1 

into the Ocean Sea. This reproduction was the idea of William E. Curtis, then the c 
though viewed at first with some disfavor, was in the end admitted to ha* 
original— even to the setting of exotic plants in the little interior court, w. 
jealously guarded by United States regular -oldiers, continually on duty, who 

1 Christopher Columbus, were the chief patrons of the undertaking, loaning to the 

Duke of 1 

and documents which a 

a remarkable display. 1 


npt t 

ot C'.-hiinbus 

iiig. a fine example of the Fren 

" Philadelphia pressed brick." 
iu the thousand interstices of 
smoke iu Jackson Park ; its ei 
uality of a people worthy of a 
four wings extending from a ci 
of the rotuuda. The halls of t 
■which were often sought by vi 
coffee, and the upper floor was 

lage of 

e reason for the abandonment of these beautiful forms was the smoke and dust of n 
facades, but served to keep out some of the meagre portion of sunlight that was I 
s ran with kerosene, its lights were electric; here the Brazilian Building was perfect 
er fortune than to be torn with civil war anil harassed with news o( siege, battle, ai 
. dome. The dome was forty-three feet in diameter aud forty-three feet high, its en 
ulding were one hundred and forty-eight feet long. On the four pavilions were as in 
, and presented a vei 

h. unoke- 

ch not on)> 
aden air. 

gathered rapidly 
But there was uo 

hundred a 

- story pal 


and spirit 

s built with 
3m the aoor 

s filled witb 

feet high, with o 
a great display 


lid sple: 

; the 

NJQHT AND MORNING.— These medallion! 
$760 each. They were by the famous sculp 
inspired more beautiful thoughts than any 
— for instance, when the learned Dr. Cani 
text of Love, that sublime and eternal pnsli 
veiled figure, and the awe and silence of t 

slunk, all but the 
led the host, rode 

; (ul nightingale; 

.or, Dauscli. They represent the sculptor's realization of the poet's dreams, fur probably the subjects of Night and Morning have 
'tlier of the mere inanimate phenomena of nature. Of course, the human heart is the source of the greater part of true literature 
li, of Rome, undertook to translate examples of the poetry of two hundred and fifty laiisju.-igex and dialects, he wisely chose the 
rat, symphony, aud tragedy. But Night and Morning are worthy of the sculptor's art and the poet's song. We have in Night the 
le hour. "Silence accompanied," cries John Milton, "for beast and bird — they to their grasyy conch, these to their nests, were 
all night lo:ig her amorous descant sung; silence was pleased. How glowed the firmament with living sapphires; Hesperus, that 
rising in clouded majesty, at length apparent rnieen unveiled her peerless light, aud o'er the dark her silver mantle threw." Nor 
fith praise of Morning: "Innumerable as stars of morning, dew-drops which ths sun impearls on every leaf and every flower," 
iost beautifully of all mortals— " till Morn, waked by the circling hours, with rosy hand unbarred the gates of light." 

a,- z I ^ "' •- '' - - ' 

m^^: "«3 b" 

MARTIN Y'S "CERES."— It is to be remembered that, wli 
Ibe pupil of St. Gaudens, it was left to him to operate 
Agricultural Building with the richest ornamentation ever 
and invent the groups— or, at least, decide upon their cha 
originality, to vanquish the stubborn element of time, ai 
search-lighls afterward shone at night. Mr. Martiny pre 
positions, for although all his important groups appear S( 

best he c 

In less tha: 

To . 


ted r.-l.,: 


icter, while a whole school of 

enliven the wide spaces of I 
ed that wealth and grandeur ■ 
eral times on the fronts of Agri 
was the Agricultural temple as 

1 placed the « 



! the 

irk.ililt for v 

.uty . 

i so much, and to secure a harmony of design, he must himsel 
culptors under his direction must labor incessantly, and with ; 
le south side of the Court of Honor with the company of stat 
f sculpture can be attained by the duplication of ideas in sin 
ultural Hall, yet the very unity of appearance assures the obsen 
a whole which was to be admired. The figures that support th 

1 betray the refined eye ol the great designer. 



saluted them iu all languages, imploring them to come in and see their "attraction ' 

v.,i,- entertainments l.iy lx-f»re the visitors, and a line of ejacn 

After the collapse of the Captive Balloon the Exposition itsel 

ind cross-bars. On the right is Old Vienna, an ingenious constrt. 

inhibitions at this end, where tens of thousands might freely behold acts on the trapeze 

inner court, were the visitor might imagine himself in the ancient quarters of the Aus 

rian capital. In this manner a "Street in Constantinople" was c 
mmer eveniugs made beautiful music for hearers who quenched 

on a German patt 

em. with the important improvement of a fine orchestral band which, during warm si 


d their enthusiasm with potations of beer and wine. It was into this nook that the d 

ring young adventurer boxed and shipped himself C. O. D. by ex 

est lor entering the grounds without a ticket— and all this after a railroad journey as 

common freight for one thousand miles. At the left may be see 
t street stands the Ferris Wheel, always visible for many miles. 

sharp architecture 

of tbe Chinese Theatre, which went into a receiver's hands. At the center of the gre 

he "Christian," aud kept liin 
; than to hurt each other ; a. 
:red more agreeable tlinn the 

a saber and 
msic of th 

shield, and in the presence of a referee, pass, posture aud 
of their novelty ami picluresuueuess. are heighleued in .c 

xv he admitted tli.tlluw w.^a peculiar rhjlhm to the Turk 

ual life by 
one really 
was easily 

ish drums, 

s. with tlit 
9 saber-dai 
ns of the 
wherein \ 

attendant misery t« l'"-" bearer of an increasing tempo as 
ce. the spectator had the feeling that the combatants were 
erfnruiers. was only to add force to this unhappy thought, 
estero people might Bee how the head of St. John Bapti 

the dance 
mch more 

, E'l aas 

'"THE plan of these Educational Art Portfolios is to present in beautiful photographic reproduction theentire 
Exposition within a reasonable space. To catch the picture ere it vanishes — a picture of the sum 
total of civilization's achievements — and transfix it in enduring form upon the printed page, are marvels 
of modern magic no less grand and beneficial than any of the miracles of the electrician. The series 
consists of 1 6 Serial Portfolios of 1 6 views each, 256 in all. Photographs of gilded, glittering Domes, Min- 
arets, Towers and Pinnacles ; magnificent Arcades, Fountains, Statuary and Paintings ; superb Pavilions, 
Palaces and Temples ; and splendid Panoramic Landscape Effects ; Photographs of the Exhibits of the 
United States Government ; of Forty States and Seven Territories ; of Fifty Nations and Thirty-Seven 
Colonies ; showing the best fruits of human endeavor in the whole realm of Art, Industry, Science 
and Learning. Photographs of the famous Midway Plaisance ; its strange people and fantastic scenes ; 
its Foreign Villages, Mosques, Kiosks, Pagodas, Menageries, Hindoo Jugglers, Snake-Charmers and 
Oriental Dancers. In fact, nothing has been omitted, either in picture or story, which would serve to 
convey the same impression as an actual visit to the great Fair. As the Columbian Exposition passes 
into history we present this Portfolio of its choicest scenes as the fittest, most enduring and most beauti- 
ful memento for individual possession and study, 

Portfolio No. 2 will Contain 

i. Moonlight on North Lagoon. 

2. Illinois State Building. 

3. Cereal Picture, Illinois Building. 

4. The Ferris Wheel. 

5. The Great Shaft of Fern's Wheel. 

(The Largest Piece of Steel ever forgeJ.) 

6. Daniel Webster's Plow. 

(In Nov Hampshire Agricultural Exhibit.) 

7. Gladstone's Axe. 

(Forestry Exhibit.) 

8. New York's State Building. 

9. Pennsylvania Building on Penn- 

sylvania Day. 

10. Old Liberty Bell in Oranges. 

(California Fruit Exhibit.) 

i i. New Liberty Bell. 

(Showing Chief Pokagon whose father once sold the 
ground on which Chicago now stands.) 

12. Electricity Building. 

13. Mines and Mining Building. 

14. Michigan's Exhibit in Mining 


15. Ohio's Exhibit in Agricultural 


16. Great Electrolier in Liberal 

Arts Building. 

I -An of time, has there been such a collection of genius, such an assembly of 

X~/ the v i i., i ';:i: n . <ii i li" world, i ■ i hii brought together by the grandest civic event in history, known 

.iiJAN EXPOSITION. Here was a "Spectacle of the Centuries," the wondrous 

i 1 heralded to the ends of the earth, whose like men now living may never hope 

arid best achievements of modern civilization; all that was strange, beautiful, 
' ni university of the arts and sciences, teaching a noble lesson in 

liscove] i I " ;iii 'i, lesigned to stimulate the youth of this and future generations 

combination of genius, enterprise and extravagance that alone produced 

1 \ T i r i , ■ i i the I '■■■ Li '.' thousands and hundreds of thousands have been saddened by the thought 

" We shall not look upon its like again" has been the uttera heir admira- 

I regrol I ■• i 1 i ■ i ind pyramid i, and pinnacles, which have been admired by reverential millions, 

1 ' 'i jiieh seem too grandly beautiful for reality may bo razed; 

pish; Obelisk and Dome, Sculpture and Mural Decoration must pass away. 

ho are and preserve for the people the fullest and most permanent results 

how quickly vanish scenes caught by the eye and only by 

found, or, great as the beneficial influences oi this grandest of 

i mil be lost. 

pu I this " Portfolio of Photographic Views" to furnish such a receptacle, in a form at 

it, for present" use and future preservation. In its pages will ! 
PHE PAIR— artistic and industrial, paintings and statuary, with inten 
ixhibits of the United States and Foreign Nations one, however 

tie imparting of knowledge, are not of themselves sufficient; the intellect 
i • id The best talents of both author and artist are requii i I, that v, hat the 
be impressed upon the understand' 
dent Ld in notion of the young this book is especially sent forth; such a book in 
irpetual interest, in its influence more wide-! laohing and : 
nee a Souvenir for the millions who attended the exhibition as a record of 
the millions who did not Bee it. 

THE WESTERN VENICE BY MOONLIGHT. -It is the crowning glory of Carlyle that he wrote 
held that only a few can understand, he deals, first, with the masks and convections afforded 1 

of fine clothes, and the effect of rags, he passes to the more serious and poetic treatment of 1 
of his body, so his words, his acts, his life, and his hopes, are but a leaping down orally froi 
the man in the hippodrome who holds the hoop, or helps the performance along. The truth of 
it would be apparent to the thoughtful visitor that the scene could not have existed had not 1 
seas, all that was beautiful and sacred in the Bride of the Adriatic. The corpse, the body, the 
of the oars, the white shining arches of the palaces, the columns of St. Mark, the gondoliers, th 
world's wealth piled round about, was here, a. Venice resurrected from its crimes and glorified. 

some thoughts, belit 

blue sky and glistening > 

elt iu Jackson Park, especially in i 
r had leaped, across the 
, conspiracies and torture bad staved behind; the i 

: midst of three hundred millions of the 

THE ILLINOIS BUILDING.— The gift 01 Illinois to the Exposition was, at 
is page. The architect was W. W. Boyii 
reased the criticism which fell on each, 
lantern of the Illinois dome did much to prejudice against it all admirers of the c 
have boasted a hall so stately, its pride might easily have been pardoned. Added 
Prairie State's headquarters, was the additional that Illinois had 
and often unique , hut the multitude, on Illinois Day, ate its lunch outside. There 
and water-fall, aud above all, the grain-picture, which was taken to the Mid- 
Ethnological, Agricultural aud Manufactures ISuildings. The authorities were always at 
the last. The big dome was two hundred feet high, aud the rotunda contained a uotabl 

'< ilie fifteen so-called 

: the i 

s of 

rticularly to the lot of the State edifice, and it is cer 

ic forms. The body of the building, however, was im 

the general animadversions of the friends of the Art '. 

home parlors for her people. The building was for 

s the bell presented to the Kaskaskia Church by the King of Fran 

iter Fair at Sau Francisco, and many exhibits which ln-longed in the Horticultural, 
'ith the directory of the Exposition, and maintained their entire independence to 
: fountain. The greatest length of this building was four hundred and fifty feet. 



ivy Colo 

-s t 

nd tall 



Id some 


by our 




the grotto 



made in the semblance of a vast framed paint 
various sizes. Within this frame, which was 
were representeil by the ingenious treatment < 
road passed before the prosperous place. The 
deep in its shadows, and vivid in its colors; 
grains, berries and leaves indigenous to Illino 
up by a cunningly- wrought rope, the 

i part of the Illinois Building, coverir 
ras designed by Mr. Fursman. The 
was the scene — au ideal Illinois praii 
isks, and a picket fence surrounded th 
e showed growing fields of grain and 
e entire sweep of the great scene not 
tain of great width partly veiled the s 
ere made of yellow corn. The heroic 

ural exhibit, and t 

effects operated to attract i 

AXLE OF THE FERRIS WHEEL. —As the principle of the Ferris Wheel was tension in its lower spokes, the upper spokes banging on the arch 

lower spokes, it followed that the axle of the wheel must be of uncommon size, integrity and strength. To be certain that his wheel would not 
axle large enough and strong enough to bear a burden six times as great as the weight of the cantilever bridge :iero>s the Ohio River at Cincinnati, w 
to weigh about as much as the Ferris Wheel. With an axis six times as stout as he might need, the mechanician was safe to proceed, for he ha- 
accident, realizing that one bad disaster at the beginning would destroy all hopes of financial success. Two men and a boy, under the hig hammer i 
which was a central feature of the Transportation Building, forged the piece of hammered steel, and it arrived safely at Chicago and was hand! 
The shaft was solid, and forty-five feet loug ; it was thirty-two inches in diameter, and weighed as much as a heavy locomotive— that is seventj 
heaviest piece of steel ever forged— cert, duly outside of Krupp's works at Essen. It is seen in the engraving as it began its ascent to the sockets 
top of the towers, one hundred aud forty feet upward, and after it was in place the hubs that catch all the tension spokes were fitted to hold their bui 

State Building iu the simplicity of its architectural effects. 
America, an inviting place for summer visitors, ami a laud ol 
Building, was a large wooden plow, on which was the sign : 
rear of the house, were shelves of maple syrup, and scatter 
emblems o( matronly economy, loyalty and industry iu the 
behohhim with a casual eye the medley of incongruous struct 
all— it looks steadily— leaving the reminiscent eye to fill its O' 
Fair were Charles II. Amsden, of Penacook, President j George 
Treasurer; and Elijah M. Shaw, of Nashua. Executive Commi 

>u of New Hampshire in the Agricultural Building was south of the mam east and west aisle, ant 
Visitors learned of New Hampshire that it is considered by its sous and daughters to be the 
liberty. The chief object of interest at this display, and one that drew sight-seers to the ent 
"This plow was made by Daniel Webster, and was used by him on his Marsh field estate." Iu 1 
ed about in the outer area were rustic benches, au ancient churn, and a spinning-wheel such 
homes of the young nation. There is, perhaps, more satisfaction it» the study which a picture 
villful States in close proximity with each other. Again, 1 
le with more care when he had the opportunity. The Stat 
□mas J. Walker, of Plymouth, Secretary; Frank M. Rollins, 

ired by sovereign aud 
th regret that he did i 

-, of Concord, Viee-Pre; 


S AX.-Ii 

country. But 

the chief £ 

The larger of 

the upper 

Marietta, Oh 

son of the Premier, to H 

disks and bloc] 

; papei 

> Mr. White, stating that the ax will s 
a printed card, in various types, declaring that the ax her 
Exposition it "will be presented to one of the Lumber Tra 
disk from a California redwood. The large placard dcclan 
reached a girth here indicated by the arrow. The large dis 

?as used by William E 
ns of the United States 
Columbus landed in 

a well-attested implement from the home of the British Statesman. 
te to F. S. Shurick, president of the Ritchie Lumber Company, of 
[ the upper documents is a letter of Mr. Herbert Gladstone, M. P., 
inary express address to Mr. White. U 

ak ; the three pieces firs 

- bun 

r the ax, at the left, is 
ea ; and that after the 
> of the Grand Old Man." The great block is half a 
it hundred and seventy-five years old, and had then 
n front of the big piece are, from the left, Wisconsin 
euty feet into the air, and were from Japan. 

: 0>ngn 

■ tin: Colli 

NEW YORK'S BUILDING — For a long time it appeared that the State of New York, having failed to obtain the perm 

within its borders, would be unable to support the idea of holding the Fair elsewhere, especially at Chicago. The directors of the Western local corporation, hoping to esi 
scandal of New York's final refusal, clung to the belief that the Empire State would relent, and at the eleventh hour the chief commonwealth accepted the conspicu 
accorded to it, aud erected the magnificent structure which, outside and in, reflected the wealth, culture, and progress of the metropolis and its government. The ei 
shows the ornate character of the exterior, aud its harmony with festal uses and midsummer occupation. Beautiful as was this view in the daytime as seen in the pic 
scene was enhanced in attractiveness at night, when, flanked by the similar illuminations of the Pennsylvania house, the region blazed with light aud echoed tli 
of the world's best-loved composers. The banquet-hall of this structure was the most ornate aud highly finished of the large interiors, and perhaps exceeded all 
Tiffany Cathedral in splendor of effects. The firm of architects which built the Agricultural Hall, composed of McKim, Meade & White, was entrusted with this work, 
plants, and lights which were bounteously spread upon the exterior, with the gorgeous furnishings within, easily sustained the pi 

id the , 


but the 

aud the 


BUILDING.— This was 

entrance of tlie Art Pale 

ce, on one of the best s 

all conspired to make i 

a favorite meeting and 

its proudest day, when 

ttended by Governor F 

pendeuce Hall, at Phil 

delphia, having its entr 

side the statue of Penn 

serve as a public rnuseu 

ii. At the concave cor 

■ of the ha 

ting p];.,, 

nest and most altractive buildings erected by the States, It stood beside New York, opposite the main 

d thorough lniislinins within, its broad verandas without, and the presence at its doorway of Liberty Bell. 

i not itself given over to the particular festivities of the Keystone State. Our pictu; 

rated in Jackson Park. September y, 1893. There were forty thousand Pennsylvani 
lower, of New York, and Governor Altgeld, of Illinois. The front of the Pennsylvania Ruilding 
ances and tower. The ground area was one hundred and ten by one hundred and sixty-six I 
alcony protected by balustrade. Above the pediment over the front doors was a sculptural Stat 
anklin. The outer walls were of pressed brick, 
ners stood groups of statuary — on the left " Min 
finishings. Eight hundred electric lights made the 

the fin. 

the grounds, and 

re pro dm 

The front 1 

id the building was in. 

and Manufactures;" < 

brilliant at night. 

if the Park and 
Native marbles 

Liberty Bell is uot yet without its loynl lovers, 
floor, hung a full-sized effigy of Independence 1 
guarded so zealously in the doorway of Pennsyl 
shaddocks and gmpe fruit., winch, particularly 
from Ventura County, and citrus fruits (roin Sa 
and preserved limes from National City, and 01 


[ the i 

ell, as shown in the engraving, with the fauioi 
-auia's ninguinecut building. The fruit grower 
1 the early months of summer threw out an e; 
Bernardino County, including Redlauds and J 
inges and lemons from Pasadena and Pomona. 

side, as plainly to be i 

iroli.ililv t 

nues, fivi 

of lemons, and two of lit 

, near the southern 
g of Sultana grape 
They also displa) 

B S.2 3'«'3S3 ' 

I * i f S I a « B S 

■"•if ° 111 u 1 " 

£3 a|fl|| I ; s 

p s s15s".sM 


i the i 


t the sky. 

at the no 

:ity appeand t 

architects, M^srs. Van Brunt & Howe, ol Kansas City, were given a 

hundred by three hundred and forty-five feet, making it— large as i 

i, displaying the independence of the West, abandoned the class 

they endeavored to satisfy the eye at the comers i 

al illuminations compiled this sacrifice of l.eauty, but there 
light, and the machinery moving, these doors offered the ra: 
res of area, aDd the cost was 5410,000. 


The arch 
building. With a noble treatment < 

At the time of building, it was held that the projected m 
the exterior. On the evenings during which the interior via 
too numerous to name. The exhibitor? space covere 1 eight 

tie MacMonnies I- 

;ms (and it contai 

and centered tliei 

b.utTn lent cupolas an 

south, and the Wooded 
res)— the smallest of the 
the middle lines of the 

rnameuts that lacked in dimension. 

rdinary lightings of this edifice on 
of the Exposition, with wonders 



i the pri 


. Skiff, 

bad about nine acres of floor space, including a galk 
express otlier than the material worth and etiduranc 
the Mines Building, probably, by its lines of stately sit 
and the ingenious exhibit of Baron Stmnm, the fa' 
continuous queue of people, and the Montana silver 
of gold worth $\\ 

woiidi'iiisly plentiful. 

- the objects of popula; 

ic Director General's lieutenants 
y extending entirely around, iu t< 
of its architecture. But, placed as it 
plicity, redeemed the scene, and kept it 
ante of Emperor William, made a cei 
statue, weighing five thousand pounds 
night be seen that weighed 
. Area, seven hundred by t 

i plw 

open his building on May 1st, with a display nearly complete. The Mines Iiuildin; 

lugular form. There was no sculpture on its pylons or pavilions, nor did its portal 
it was, between the red Transportation and the equally unconventional Electricity 
eigbbors from looking worse. A skylight ran the whole length of the building 
i piece for the building. Here, too, the Zulus washed diamonds before 
is seen by millions. Mexico showed a golden castle of Chapultepec. In th 
: thousand and fifteen pounds. Nuggets of gold and crystallized silver wer 
; hundred and fifty feet. 

"HE MINES BUILDINCi.— This costly aud elegant arch stood at the uorthea 
istructive exhibits of the building. The work was of sandstone and marble, 
>up of statuary, wherein the genius of industry crowned the miners through 
losurc was a series ol panoramas, showing the local sceues— lake ports, mine 
a noticeable object in the collection, but by far the most remarkable thing v 
northern peninsula. The reader may know that the North American ludi; 
advanced to considerable skill in dealing with implements of flint and stone; he had not reached the brt 
bronze. But buried in these long-abandoned mines were the copper tools, of a forgotteu race of men who 
There were also lumps of copper, weighing eight thousand five hundred and si* thousand pounds. 


On the inner walls of the en* 
feet in diameter was, perhaps, 

al pla< 


i of the lake quarries. The summit of the 
vhose labors the wealth of the State has been so much enhanced. 
, hilly scenery, mills, forests and islands. A copper globe, twelve 
is the display of copper-w ■ -rkiiig touts which were found by white 
1 was a Stone Age man of the neolithic period— that is, he had 
izc age in civilization; he knew absolutely nothing of copper or 
lad belonged to the bronze age, and these tools were here shown. 

the right side of a main aisle, going east. It presented 
here presented, was an ingenious aud faithful reproductb 
pediment, cannot be too highly extolled. The pillars 
remarkable columns. The classic effects were marred by 
and over the temple hung the banner of Ohio. Two ten- 
arranged, the multifarious grasses, food-plan 

> Agri 

in the 

■reals. The 


a] appear* 

i the I 
i packages. Tin 

from its rear appeared 
il an Athenian temple -approximately the- I'.irtheriou, and the taste and il 
the peristyle simulated grain jars of glass, aud cereals were everywhere 

I rows of shmv-cases defended the front of the temple, and on the walls of 
aud vines that are cultivated by the husbandmen of Ohio. On other sides wei 
^position, especially in chemical and agricultural displays, were filled from the bottom 
square front was the handsomest portion of this remarkable structure. 

a circular enclosure. Its front, as 
ution displayed, for instance, in its 

be seen under the glare of these 
unit. A plow dominated the scene, 
loggias were, simply but beautifully 
long rows of lur^e oval-topped glass 
there scaled, presenting the 

"THE plan of these Educational Art Portfolios is to present in beautiful photographic reproduction the entire 
Exposition within a reasonable space. To catch the picture ere it vanishes -a picture of the sum 
total of civilization's achievements — and transfix it in enduring form upon the printed page, are marvels 
of modern magic no less grand and beneficial than any of the miracles of the electrician. The 
consists of 1 6 Serial Portfolios of 16 views each, 256 in all. Photograph:, of gilded, glittering Domes, Min- 
arets, Towers and Pinnacles ; magnificent Arcades, Fountains, Statuary and Paintings ; superb Pavilions, 
Palaces and Temples ; and splendid Panoramic Landscape Effects; Photographs of the Exhibil 
United States Government ; of Forty States and Seven Territories ; of Fifty Nations and Thirty- 
Colonies ; showing the best fruits of human endeavor in the whole realm of Art, Industry, ' 
and Learning. Photographs of the famous Midway Pi rang | eopl ind fantastic si 

as Foreign Villages, Mosques, Kiosks, Pagodas, Menageries, Hindoo Jugglers, Snake-Charmei 
Oriental Dancers. In fact, nothing has been omitted, either in picture or story, which would serve to 
convey the same impression as an actual visit to the great Fair. As the Columbian Exposition passes 
inta history we present this Portfolio of its choicest scenes as the fittest, most enduring and most beauti- 
ful memento for individual possession and study. 

8 88taWfflBfiW^Wi3W^^ 

Portfolio No, 3 will Contain 

The Emergency Crew. 

The Movable Sidewalk. 

Burning of Cold Storage Ware- 

Making the Angels. 

Statues on Machinery Hall. 

Details of Horticultural Dome. 

Interior of Horticultural Dome. 

The Columbian Guard. 

The Chinese Joss House. 

10. The Ruins of Uxmal. 

ii. An African Bimba. 

12. The Hunter's Cabin. 

13. The Viking Ship. 

14. Connecticut in Agricultural 


15. Ontario in Horticultural Build- 


16. Oklahoma Pavilion in Agricul- 

tural Building. 

These Photographic Views are the cream of the collection secured by the Government Photog- 
rapher for preservation in the Archives at Washington. 



' D 


D njution, dosj t 



ure and preserve for the p 
iw how quick! 
iust be fourjsl 


be impressed upon 


I In Uil. book were ukrn l.j- the Govtrowen! MiolofnipliFt nn.l o.r.1 hcrr h? .peola] arranger 

engraving shows the pri 
;roic deeds during the latte 
which the pyrotechnists were at work 
was regarded as one of extreme peril ; and on other days and 
able seamen, and besides Jimmy Hunt, the Captain, reckor. 
Wauhope, Tom Eckelstou, James Scott, and Charles McCarthy 
ready at call to climb to the highest point on the grounds, or 
enthusiasm. The boat in which they appear was named in h( 
and iu the end took charge of the out-door amusements. 

oat F. D. Millet, manned by the celebrated Emergenc; 
iilhs of the Fair, especially after the institution of noetui 
e from its moorings and put to sea iu a gale. Three h« 
its work that was both noble and daring was assigned ai 

hey were skilled climbers and swimmers, provided with 
uinp into the lagoon, which they patrolled at night. Th 
of the painter Millet, who, after performing good work 

. the latest addition to the Color 

ling contests, mid fireworks. On 
ien rescued from a situation that 
:m. The crew was composed of 
, Harry Hill, John Smith, Jack 
ns, ropes, and ladders, and were 
fire duty, and worked with great 
i Chief of the Color Department, 


unseemly inclosiirc, on the summit of which rail 

it is, that the need of such an adjunct of travel 

half a mile to enter the Manufactures Building, and it was abov 

at seventy- ftvc cents au hour, which in turn discommoded almost e 

push-chairs, and after narrowly escaping txpuUimi from the pari 

i Lake Michigan. On this endless platform, by paying five 
him from the sun or the rain. In hot days, after the machine was in order, which was not early ir 
these moving chairs, sometimes with their" shoes oft, resting their feet from the hardships of the day, 

son Park saw, between the Illinois Building and the Woman's Building, a large circular and 
■vable sidewalk, and it was supposed that this apparatus was to ramify the grounds in 1893. Certain 
f air will go down into hi.stury as the most fatiguing region of the world. The visitor walked over 
a mile long when he readied it. There was absolutely no means of transport cheaper than a push-chair 
edestriau whom it met. The Movable Sidewalk, however, did not meet with great favor from the friends of the 
• system was exiled to the region outside the so-called Peristyle, where the pier, as here shown, extended 

-ht r:-U- 


shed which protected 
night he seen asleep on 
is crowded with people. 



the southwest corner of 

he "im 

proved" portion of Jackson Park stood a large cold-storage warehouse, covered 

with 'staff, and bean 

ig the typical appearance of an Expos 

tion building, save that 

ithout windows, except on a line near the cornice. The structure was severely 

re. t.iii^ ill its grc 

und plan, and in the center there rose 

om the middle of which a sheet-iron smoke-stack, protruded, and belched black 

smoke over the grou 

tids. It was destined that the ill-omen 

ed, ill-built, and doubly-c 


9 house {for its upper floor was intended to be used as a skating-rink) should 

of the Fair of 1893. Shortly after noo 

n of Monday, the 10th of 

July, fi 

re was discovered in the top of this tower, and about twenty-five of Chicago's 

had be 

en built near the summit. No sooner had they reached this elevation, however, 

rth beneath them ; and, as the tower 1 

as made of pine and p] 

»ster, w 

lich had been dried both by sun outside and hot sheet-iron chimneys within, it 

burned fiercely. A n 
leaped over the bulw 

oment later, and in the presence of at 

least fifty thousand horr 

ctators, an explosion of gases followed, the roof heaved and gave way, the men 

rks, and sixteen perished almost insta 

atly, falling into a pit 


flame. About £100,000 were subscribed for the families of the victims, and the 

committee was critic 

sed for the deliberation with which thi 

money was apportioned. 

iuto the secret 




hug. tasks in 

Gustavus Gerlo 

dome of the u 
seen, and on 

■ e riuh 

l \, 

Industry. The 


the don 

architectural u 



of great exclusive 

aess— only persons of influence being admitted— the sc 

ilptors labored upon their 

his employ the s 

ulptors Carl Biel, \V. Anton, Wuertz, Max Mauch, P. 

Viehle, J. A. Blankenship, 

g. Although Ihtse groups did not appear to be large 

when stationed under the 

be gained by con with the sculptors who stand beside their work. 

'he barrels of staff may be 

catch a sight of 

the model from which these men are now working. 

The figure will be called 

leroic groups on the two stages of the Admiiiistr.itK 

u — twelve below and eight 

Hitter, writing fr 

m New York, his home, "was to display a most cha 

rimug interruption to the 

r than the sculptoi 

The curtains at right and left lend to large but less inipre 
the accomplished art lecturer oud sculptor. Some figures 
smooth rather than notable — rich, pleasing, but convent 
epacious ascent to the cjtiay* The great dome springs up 
this rich field of domes. The fidelity of the sculptural dei 
Administration dome. This was doubtless the largest hot 
which were required (or the display ot the world's industries, 
construction, and its happy angular posture in the great 
tul adjustment to necessities than was shown in this pro 

ving offers to the reader an. 

student a searcfain 

g view o 

f the central one of three pavilions in Horticultural Hall. 

l-c features of the structure. 

The rich sculpture 

e of this building was the work of Professor Lorado Taft. 

e also to be seen in groups 

and over the Ionic 

The sculpture of T.ift is like the genius of the man — 

ml, although on the best u 

odels. The paddi 

g to pr 

tcct the gondolas may he seen at the landing, and the 

lispheres, with by 

sroadest expanse of any of the similar constructions in 

ecorations is certified on ev 

ry frieze, stanchio 

ade, and on the corona that recalls the summit of the 

use ever erected. It was to 

fulfil its office as 

ratory and yet stand creditably among the colossal halls 

ndred and eighty 

Feet sue 

its height one hundred and fourteen feet. * Its crystal 

atic vista, were noted with 

eliei by the most c 

ritical. a 

ul praised by all. Rarely has there been a more success- 


|^|p% .1 



imiSSUI ,ikmmi i*wmmt\ -hi}. „ 







1 ififffmU 

V\ \ \ \ n 

ill ilfrHam -1 


r^fi^yrflM&E^feHwi * 

Wl JJrB 

w MM 

mjl ;!jm§ : 


&; ■ ■■*•■ ■ JMK 

p ;#>/ / v,,? ''^ 

■ ■■,,;.. , , ■■■■.,■■:;' .'; 


ib S^F' 1 ^' '■!*? s ' f ' A ^'.i IP 

ill l -ffefc • i i$* 

fc ) - n&v 


' 1 
S — 1 

wooden construction on which the 

l away and was transferred to the 

and the upper platform ■ 

INTERIOR OF THE HORTICULTURAL DOME.— The engraving has a historical value, as it dis 

bamboos were carried toward the vault of the high crystal dome. W 

in the Black Hills country. The prismatic sheathing of this cave h.ic 

electric lights that relieved the passage from its gloom. Between tl 

front of the cavern's door ran a brook, and to reach the entrauce, the visitors used steppi 

At first, this entrance was free; then, as the crowds increased, the fees began, until at last, like nearly all other sii 

most wonderful things that the dark unfathomed cave or the visitor had to bear. The Department of Floriculture 

Fair. The Chief, John Thorpe, who arranged all the effects and raised the small flowers, was in open rebellion agai 

gates of the Exposition close than Thorpe indignantly took his leave. His fame as a botanist is very great. 

• hall of stalactites. 

THr: COLUMBIAN OUARD.— Our picture shows very truthfu 
guarded the three hundred millions o( goods in Jackson Par 
period the smallest clerk had sentries at his door, to ask fo 
whose engagements called them thither. It was held in 1S91, 
ranks of the new organization, college students and militia inei 
and at first as highly unsatisfactory to the mere visiting puhlie 
commanded by Col. Edmund Rice, of Hie United States Aruiv, 
trustees, as contradistinguished from the titular National Con 
were of no avail, yet as the summer wore on, uud the good iial 


during 1S93. The number of these soldi..! 

a card, or iuvitc the caller to one of those 

irhettier wisely or not, that the city police would he iuadeqn 

were sought or favored. The result, 

which looked on the military aspect 

ider orders from architect Ituruham, 

lissiou. In great crowds, the Coluni 

re of the American people triumphed 

1 by thf 

ind fiv. 

: the Fair a night 

extraordinary site 
; highly 
ilh almost universal pr 
_. of Works, and practical 
rds, through ' ' 
the j-oung 

!ned in May, [S93, was one mgni; satisiaciory t< 
universal prejudice. The Coin 

.. the city polic 
became genial, ; 

local di 
s bulk and 

last populai 


able that, if the F< 
both were instruct! 
attempt to describ 
operation of their 

'he engraving presents a scene in .he e: 
;, ami bazaar, which was kept open during the continua 
■is Wheel had been placed further westward on the I'la: 
, entirely novel to most people, and rarely to be seen v 
their theology, iconography, 

like : 

ton obtains a 
people, collecting small joss-si 
joss-house, for which perhaps 
obviously changed the luck of 

York and Chic 
caudles, incense 

:acted. It is understood by . 

life Exposition Company a'. 
went into the hands of a r 
exhibit and the panorama 
rdinary course of living, 'f 
nd to the ridiculous. It i 

r changes his religion, the 

that the idols arc often 

est end of Midway 




before the summer 

inlf C 

is prob- 

Hawaiian volcano « 


fared better, for 

nesc are go little ki 

ever, believed to h 


ed tha 

m U 


weekly call at the 


nes a 

nd sto 

cs of his 

gives him a person 


and scourged, in t 



have not 

engraving faithfully rep: 
iitors, who could only wit 
made to keep the water fn 
Canoe, from Raugui 

his dinner by the I 

:nts an exhibit which 
difficulty believe that 
entering the boat, thou; 
On the railing 

would handle 
into his lap, he lets it go at that, an 
- girdles the earth in forty seconds w 
and amid kyaks of Labrador, caique 

ns and what-not, this bimba seemed 

was situated in the east gallery at the north end of the Transportation Building. It was 
it had been used as a canoe in an African river. There was no caulking, nor did it appear 
gh the drying out of the small logs may have made a change in the seaworthiness of the craft. 
in the rear was a large crayon picture ol a naked Alric.m pnitielling his tninba on a broad 
■ell held by the philosophers that where man sleeps under a banana tree, to be awakened for 
invents no helio-telephouc to speak across space with the sun's ray, builds uo Campania steamship 
h his telegraph. Yet why these negroes should build a log canoe when they might use a wool-skin 
of the Dardanelles, gondolas of Venice, bragazzas of the Adriatic, pha-nis-boats of japan, bateaux of 


.,..k-«l 1 

of Lu 


aud : 

On chilly days a fire blazed in the broad fire pi a< 
years ago. Otherwise the furnishings were more comfortable thai 
wild animals covered the floor, and beds and settees were made < 
of log, and primitive cooking apparatus and tin dishes and cand 
brimmed felt hat made his home in the cabin and answered the qi 
days, and younger inquirers seeming pleased to see before them t 

of Daniel Do one and Davy Crockett. A rope divided t 

xactly resembled the house 

;ibin ami Marie Auloimtu's bed 

i the 1-r 

e Roosevelt, of. New York, a 
building into a public and a 
:ers in timbered regions forty 
i were ju the White House. The skins of 
idles. A stool was ma le out of a section 
picture, a hunter in long hair and wide- 
,es, piuueers loving to recall the vanished 
i chapter of their romances. Between the 


vessel a thousand y 
Norwegian Commis! 

dn" (n 

scene on the lake was that day the most animated of the whole 
days, might easily have there learned of the discoveries of Lief Er 

poems about the Vikings had been generally discredited, and when 
g the pictures that had alone remained to tell their tale, the people of Norway, with almost one Md, set onl DJ pop 
■ th of their traditions. With a fund gathered from every village iu Norway, a replica of the an. icnt \ iking rewel we 
the crew Under Captain Magnus Andersen, the proud Norsemen put across the Atlantic in his sm ,11 cr.ifi, .m.l o.niie t« 
Park about five o'clock of Wednesday, July 12, iSoj. The late Mayor Harrison went aboard at Racine, up the lake, an, 

.„ ,.__.,.. :.. a Norweg ian, that he himself was descended from the sea-kings, which the g<".d Norsemen might w 

generally held to be well-proved that Columbus, who had gone to Icela 

land, Markland, and Helleland, on the < 


creditable em Insure in tlui t region oi surprises. The 

the way of the builder, aud he again use 

thing about this display was a wigwam n 

grasses, in every stage of production, wi 

America in these almost interminable spaces— themselves the smallest symbols of aln 

the Connecticut officials at the Fair, the Hou. Thomas M. Waller, of New London, w 

His colleague as National Commissioner was the Hon, Leveret t Braiuard, of Hartford, and the Altei 

Baldwin, of Waterbury. Mrs. Isabella Beecher Hooker, of Hartlord, was one of the Lady Manager; 


.c effects were somewhat similar to those produced with 
canopy, inweaving panel*., garl.uids, shit-Ids, and devices that evoke 
corn-stalks, and beautifully simulating an Indian's tent. The usua 
reat but glorious t 
spaces, climates an 
t oftcu noted by W 
te Commissioners w 
oin Connecticut. 

Wisconsin exhibit, near by. There was a gallery in 
the constant applause of beholders. The cleverest 
^cultural abund.uice of wheat, corn, oats, barley, 
lolony which declared the agricultural resources of 
'.ones that go to make all North America. Among 
ern people as early and late the friend of the Fair. 
! Charles F. Brook er, of Torringtou, aud Charles R. 

[ visitors who passed 

Midway I'lnisance to the Court of Honor to go through the west 
le architects of Horticultural Hall built three pavilions— a large 
I dou.e, galleries ran from centre to ends on both the front and 
.„« rich and odorous horticultural displays ol the World's Columbian 
" i i ' ,1 ' ,,„„. rotund, and the eastern curtains. On entering these halls ol apples, pears, grapes, berries, 
rand c'a'nntd goot not'ouly' did°\he fragrance o, great masses o, choice fruit delight the senses, - onlv 
eye, bat a deep impression of the bounty of uatu 
Canada, notwithstanding the disadvantages of their latitude, 


L clii 
forget the 

f grapes, 

and the wealth of the land was made on the most casual 
fcred an exhibition more creditable than the showings of 
ection, as portrayed in the picture, was typical, hospitable, 
i that gladdened the precincts. 

'"THE plan of these Educational Art Portfolio igraphic reproduction theentire 

Exposition witl To catch ths picture < i n sum 

,mh enduring form upon the printed > irvels 

iny of the mi trician. Tlu 

6 Serial Portfolios of 1 6. view: i in ,Min- 


ffects; Phot of the 

I States Government ; of Forty States and Seven Territories ; of Fifty N 

Lowing the best fruits of human endeavor in the whole realm of An 
y. Photographs of the famous Midv 

on ii 

into hi 

ful memento for individual possession and 

Portfolio No. 4 will Contain 

i. The Court of Honor. 

2. Statues on Machinery Hall. 

3. Palace of Mechanical Arts. 

4. California's Building. 

5. Floral Statue in California 


6. The Esquimaux Village. 

7. The Ostrich Farm. 

8. German Castle in German 

9. East Portal of Administration 

10. Grand Entrance, Austrian 

n. Bird's=eye View of Austrian 


12. On the South Lagoon. 

13. The Colonnade. 

14. Statue of French Republic. 

15. Victoria House. 

16. The Albert 



5o g ^ Ct peo P " er i 'iu Zy'oTsw 

ely silent; here the fountains 
oo, as in October, the many si 

tion. The prominent and hand so 

and the planting of the Spanish 

ag in the colonies of the Ne 

Here great Neptune, trident in ha 

id, tramples ruthlessly oil his ^ 

invention of the sea-boat, rides th 

2 waves, and rescues his sister 

uifurled their waters, long pennons of crystal, and airy clouds of 
and admired, or met and planned, in the heart of the festival, 
ood in the portal, was the work of Miss Mary T. Lawr 
■ World. The groups at each side of the portal typify 
ctinis, who sink lamenting to their fate. On the other 
from the grasp of death. The reader will here take n 

though other scene 
Here, whether thei 
centre of the Wo 
and represented the landing 01 
r. Ou Hie right is Water, Uncontr 
s Water, Controlled. Man, aided fj 
otice of these groups than did the 


STATUES ON MACHINERY HALL.-Thc statues on the pediments of Machinery Hall were notable for their grace 

called "Victor)-," of which thirteen casts were made in copper by W. H. Mullins, of Salem, Ohio, and Robert Kraus m 
cast four copper replicas. These were the angels defied tin- southwest gales of the Windy City, and not a single si 
were by Mr. Waagen, and were modeled by Mr. Waageu in the spring of 1S92, in the Forestry Building. They represen 
; making of 11 thirteen-foot angel." wrote Paul Hull at the time, "who will look as graceful and airy as a huudred-poi 

1 of c 

completely failed. 

Hereafter, the ma 
statuary at Jacksc s, ,,uUiue.s , lu r spinal cohv 

1 factors in the creation of a beautiful pin; 

1 I'ark in the winter of 1893 and 1S93 was on 

rought ir 

er g.-nld.- 

ral display. Mr. M. A. Waagen modeled the figure 
de n second "Victory," of which the same founder 
itue blew off. The female figures for the pediments 
:d ten of the Sciences, and were thirteen feet high, 
id girl, is about as poetic a task as the mining of a 

rod. Her bosom and head are made of broken pieces of '. 
mmon kitchen dish pan and an every-day wood-sl 
r before undertaken, and any but the most rapid 

1, and her wings 
, hatchet." The 
thods must have 


It* remarkable features 

exhibitory facades, 

here portrayed as it looked on it; 
undoubtedly the figures of flying i 

figures I 
lated points, and tlie great loggias were the largest and most ornate of all those which, fronted on the 
! fault. It was under three roofs. These roofs drained together, and when avalanches of snow slid down 
ions to escape except upon the floor below. A picture of the eastern portal occupies a page of this volume, and the 
/ Hall was the creation of I'eabody Si, Stearns, of Boston. The long facade which wc see, measured eight hundred and 
d ninety-two feet. There was an annex, four hundred and ninety by five hundred and fifty feet. The floor area 
lery, and the amount of money expended was £ 1,200,000. The style of architecture was called .Spauibh Renaissance,. 

THE CALIFORNIA BUILD1NQ.— The great structure 
Building, aud but a short distance west of the Illlno 
dome one hundred iitnl thirteen fuut high, nud a roo 

impressive mission-house idea which w;is represented 
lay in mi's eye. Of nil the buildings in Jackson Park, 
looked right; end, looking right, there resulted a cei 
sion hud been complete. Catholic missio 
characteristic features of a native building, 

erected by California stn-tched along the western side of Jackson I'ark, beginning just north of tin 
i. Its urea was four hundred and thirty-five by one hundred and forty-four feet, with three stories, 
■garden which was decorated with semi-tropical plants. On the whole, the eye came to admire the s 
ii this edifice. Its southern porch was classic, but there was uo other architectural inconsistency appai 
"staff" best became the Spanish oues. The stucco of this fabric, and of Rabida, and of the Spanish 

i certain beauty not to be denied. Let but n company of monks in cowls come from these low portals, an 
Santa Barbara, San Luis Rey and San Luis Obispo furnished to Mr. P. Brown, the architect of San Frai 

the gorgeous displays and generous distributions of fruit within, contrasted ns strongly as possible with t 

> the 

i always full < 

who looked with : 



* I \ \ 1 ° l '! s 1 1 

||Is 1 J 1 1 jjl | 
Ispl "•so* 6 3 i 

W IS I « I 3 fi ^ i? 

= * g M "- fl 6 1 s 1 t 

J Jf JB 

° =■ J o S 1 M i - 'i 

- ^ "-.= £. ^ -' - ^ - 

Wo _ 5 «a ' 

, the colonists were admitted t character would 1 

Hie small patronage that 

le of their semi-spherical huts may be seen at the left of the native ou our left, and the meager : 
rded their exhibition. Had the Esquimaux settled ou Midway Plaisance and held together, thei 

thineii at the 

side of Midway Plaisance, far beyond the Ferris Wheel, beyond Old Vienn 
uclosure in which a learned lecturer, standing among a company of twenty-tore 

concerning the high develop! 
satisfaction to the ladies ai 

setting on the eggs a stretch of sixteen hours, 
dangerously near to treachery by all prudent men. 
seemingly dainty attempt to be graceful, and the i 

THE GERMAN CASTLE. -This faithful specimen of South German architecture stood iu tbe German Village, ou Midway Plaisauce, and was .surrounded by a small foss 
and a moat. It led many Americans to wonder why, when the Germans came to America in million*, they did not import mhih m| their tasteful ideas of building, rathei 
than to accept the inane and uniform ctHtngi's of Chicago and all wi-slcrn cities. This is an example of the methods which are enriched in tbe German House, on the lake 
ehore, where tbe Imperial Commissioners had their offices. It was used as a museum for a large collection of antique armor, to behold which an extra fee of admission was 
charged. It was one of many buildings in the village, ami testified that the word "Castle" goes for less in Geruiauy, where there are castles, than in America, where there 
were none except ou Midway Plaisauce. Visitors entered a free gate (until late in the season), and came on a village green, with sports such as a horse-shoe-shaped bowliuj; 
alley, and other contrivances. There was beer for sale, nud anon the Castle invited tbe curious. Beyond was the real attraction, a bandstand, with musicians from tbe priucipa 
regiments of Berlin, and an orchestra that kept ils bold ou Germans until tbe close of the Fair. Tbe restaurant employed a French chef, and was praised early iu the season. 


i of t 

n, lal 

THE COURT OF HONOR.— This splendid scene, the triumph of the Columbiau yd 
this spectacle by day, under a blue sky that is clarified by the reflection of the limpid wa 
" vault of heaven, with flying fountains bathed iu floods of rainbow lights, and overlooking t 
echoing the soft splash of Venetian oars— we feel that the dream of hope has come true. 1 
every architrave and joyously proclaimed from the mouths and the trumps of a thousand Iu 
sculptor and architect been so prodigally bestowed. The Court of Honor is itself a fabulous 
the army of Art's kingdom. Along these friezes, pediments, facades, springing with every 
some memorable groups that came from the sculptor's brain in obedience to the confident 
festival. Brooched on the bosom of the scene is the MacMonuies' Fountain, which cost feo,< 
for the wealth and beauty of the sculptor Mart iny's statuary— his Zodiacs and b 
statue of the Republic, sixty feet high, by Daniel C. French. In the distam 

( Lake Michigan ; or by night, when fretted with fires that oul-spangl 
bcjeweled with glittering crowns, and waters resounding with choral song or 
:lory of Art and Soul over the moods of tempestuous Nature is bulletined on 
ind angels. Nowhere else in the modern world have the skill and genius of 
liu, curbed with high palaces and colonnades, on whose fronts are marshaled 

-ch, sitting high on every colum 

i that \ 

■st $50,000, and made iu Paris. On the right 
groups, his Four Races, bearing their armillary s 
the Peristyle, so-culled, and on the left the 

ing office at each portal, may be seen 
ite the Elder Hemisphere to its august 
is the Agricultural Building, remarkable 
pheres. rn the Basin towers the golden 
Manufactures Building, the 


promptitude of the . 

received nu undue share ol 
tbe day of the opening of the exhibit, early in May. A 
■weeks before the splendid displays of the leading Auieric 
Section of Manufactures was placed, next north of Germany 
commend in their union. The offices of the Commission! 
factories of amber, meerschaum, pearl, ivory and metal good; 
reproduction of f" 

vreclini; tliuir facade ->n Columbia avenue, 
;ause it was the only one the photograph* 
ted itself in tbe grea 

■ the 


tbe salon of the Princess Metternich vied with the handso: 
in iuclosure, the eye was arrested by the great display of c 
e display of porcelain was al > notable. 

iseouraging scene than then 
ibitors, tbe Russians, Danes 
le same side of Columbia av 
e at each side of tbe graud 
Gifts of corporations to tbe Kuipe: 
t furnishings in the 

is possible that the beautiful 
4 could obtain. Our engravi 
building could not be concei 
prepared for public inspection. 
s are practically German, ther 
rousolidiiled exhibit of thirty-fivi 

Looking dow 

■ iih ■ 


i the: 


reader should note that it is only the inner 1 

of eight hundred feet of floor width, and only ; 

space on each side of the building, and two 

Dedication Day, October 21, iSgj. There were t 

western gallery, near the Italian overflow exhibit 

is the last week in April, [893. The first large 

Gorham's pavilions; the largest monument is the clock-tower, and the drab-colored steeple is 

of the big building. At the left, the elevators rise two hundred feet sheer— a perilous ride to t 

the great number of exhibits is a testimony of the popularity of Hungariau and Bohemian gooi 

; directly down on the 1 

nteeu hundred I 
s within this b 

hibit, which was 

nark. All till 
fere, below, w; 

only nl 
nd the 



s were two hundred feet 
audience of one hundred and fifty thousand sat 
tig cut off at the left of the picture. We stand in t 
: only one to be alt ready on Opening Day. The til 
is Germany's portal ; the column is on Tiffany a 
ie projections are on Columbia avenue, in the cen 
i exhibited the finest glassware of the Exposition, a 

ON THE SOUTH LAGOON. -Tin; engraving, beside givim; ' -t«d> "i "" 
termination of the Soutli Screen or Colouuade, and tli<_- westen te 

accentuated this region, ami besides looking through tin ■ ■■lumns oti tl 
their rich effect, as if decked fur a triumph. It was from the Colon uad 
jiroliiiiKlv uli-t-rvi-il. Here was a Corinthian porch, " Pilio " Pediment 
Zodiacs, holding their signs. Under the upper cornice are two of the 
Lower, at the left, is one of four copies of the Four Seasons; and furl 
these were mode under direction of Philip Murtiuy. At the water-side a 
and otherwise placed, should be remarked, 

copies of Abundance, us caryatides. II 
the left are copies of the four groups 
. of E. C Potter's bulls. The admirable 

Iding may be 
of the sixty 

THE SOUTHERN COLONNADE. -Tin- architectural device ; 
car-yards, packing-case houses, and stock pavilions of tlic 1 
and west sides of the park lacki_-il n similar dignity. It in 1 
north was a board fence — a stockade no better and less 
future outside walls for World's Fairs, connected, or nearly 
were further enriched with success. The archway offered a 
the Intramural Railroad offered to those visitors who BtSj. 
which to remark the play of rainbow-lights on sparklin;: w 
the lion below, were by M. A. Waageuj the jaguars were 

rtrayed iu this picture was presented to the eye of the 
position. Looking from the porch of the Art Palace, this south : 
; be said that though the blue and illimitable lake was the east 
xcusable than the walls of Camp Douglas or Andersonville. Tl 
onuected, Machinery Hall with the Agricultural Building. Its col 

for i 

O the 


nly the gi 

which were displayed the • 
eatest vista of the Exposition, but, 
which elicited the praise of mankii 
rchitect of the Colonnade was C. B. A 

s " I &||s ff= si 3 

■= ? 3 


§.3 ££jF'SJ ?!" J 

1 ■ ? ; '^, < " 
r " = ? 1 § ■? I 
>8 J., 

3 1 6 f 8 ! 

j I'sS'll ° s 1 1» 

5 | S ° - I' 5 

I .Lis 111 


t Jackson Park did 

■ building erected by Great Brita 
that the mother-country might wisely have made a more 
heightened in the striking contrasts afforded by Germany. 
name of being an exclusive place, where the public hours 
red-brick half timber cottage in the style of Henry VII] 

beyond the building, showing that it stood very near tlie granite-paved beach. Upon entering at the front door, a line of ropes pushed 
along the side of a luxuriously furnished room whose furniture was for sale, and directly to the side door from which visitors i 
moments in the interior. Offices of the Commissioners occupied the portions of the house not opened to the public, and Sir Henry 
consequence who appeared in the British visitation. Area, one huudred and twenty by sixty feet. Cost, $8o,ooo. 

mil itself favorably to either the tnsl 
posing if less enduring monument of her good-will; and it is n( 
engthened the bonds of friendship which were felt by the F,ngli< 
e short, and the public itself somewhat unwelcome. The structu 
;signed by Col. Edis. In front was the Albert \ 

or the pride of Americans, It thought 

likely that the feelings thus aroused, and 

Commissioners, for Victoria House got the 

which is here elegantly illustrated, W39 a 

e where portrayed. Lake Michigan is seen 

le visitor through a fine library, 

-suing, having p.nscd but a few 

Wood was the dignitary of most 

■'"THE plan of these Educational Art Portfoli nt in beautiful photographic reproduction the entire 

i the picture 
ind transfix it in enduring form upon the prii 
id and ben. 

if Fort}' States and Seven Te.r. 

human endeavor in the wl 
Midway. Pi. 
i, Kiosks, Pagodas, Menageries, Hindoo Jugglers, Sn 

ther in picture o 
is an actual visit to the great Fair. 
listory we present this Portfolio of its ^s as the fittest, most enduring and most beauti- 

K3=* If you are pleased with these Portfolios please show them to your friends and call theii 
attention to the rare opportunity offered to secure them. 

Contents of Portfolio No. 5, 

Germany's Magnificent Build- 

Under the Administration 

TheColumbian Illuminations. 

Grand Basin from the Peri- 

Looking North across the 
Grand Plaza. 

The John Bull Train. 

Celebrated Locomotive "Lord 
of the Isles." 

The Javanese Orchestra. 

9. Interior of Java Village. 

10. Curious Saw Log Exhibit. 

11. PicturesqueWind Mill Exhibit. 

12. The Silver Column of Atlas. 

13. Manufactures Building on 

Chicago Day. 

14. Pennsylvania's Agricultural 


15. Fine Display of French Furni= 


16. The Bedroom of Marie Antoi= 


These Photographic Views are the cream of the collection secured by the Government Photog- 
rapher for preservation in c at Washington. 

V|i , .,. a collection. of germ 

W} ,, . , "<»™ 

V. ^ EXPOSITION. Here " wondrous 

beauties > the end ' ho P e 

Co eee . ■ ■" ' hlful 

. . lerful un ty of the arts and sciences, teaching a, noble lesson in 

designed to stimulate the youth of this and future generation, 

m contemplating the surprising combination of genius, enterprise and extravagance that alone produced 

b/Tiraele of the Centuries' thousands and hundreds of thousands have been saddened by the thought 

phemeral charactei not look upon its like again" has been the utterance of their admira- 

: ' pyramids, and pinnacles, which have been admired by reverential mi I 

wm {ad The great buildings which seem too grandly beautiful for reality may be razad 

the Colonnade and Peristyle must perish ; Obelisk and Dome, Sculpture and Mural Decoration must pass away 

The question crre and preserve for the people the fullest and most permanent 

.mow how quickly vanish scenes caught by the eye and preserved only by 

. Le must be found, or, great as the beneficial influences of this grand oi 
larger part of its benefits will be lost 

Portfolio of Photographic Views" to furnish such 
, . ; ., I nd permanent, nd future preservation In its pages 

TURES OF THE FAIR— artistic and industrial, paintings and Bt£ 
the United States and Foreign Nation.' 
knowledge, are not of th< 
be reached The best talents of both auth last are requi 

igh th J pon the un. 1 


i s -i the exhibition as a record of 



angelic groups that trumpeted the victory of peace, and abo\ 

describes the gas-torches which made the flamboyant lights t 

Wheel, showing the real magnitude of that tremendous mach 

the wheel rolled its motions, like Milton's lines. The heroi 

who are looking out over the Transportation Building. The 
:ame to them. In raising, perhaps, this very 
ag only its frame for the angry sculptors. After the coufl; 
ing to this eyrie were closed to the public, and only privileged p;opli 

placc-d the; 


from the upper promenade on the Administration Building, beside the eight 

cond stage. The picture is principally valuable for two things: It distinctly 

of the golden dome, and it gives an important relative view of the Ferris 

tty things 

over the roofs of all buildings whose heights were not themselves sublime 

er may he 

re be seen in place, and the cherubs are found to be as large as the persons 

far out of line as possible to break the lines of vision, and after they were 

the ground, and her wing stuck in the frozen ground a foot deep. The work 

n of July 

oth, whereby sixteen firemen lost their lives at the Cold Storage Warehouse 

ople were 

allowed to go aloft. 

and its environs in the Court of Honor. In thi 
stage, and the fastoous and panels ot the dom 
made a thousand suns, we here must iutroduo 
bang a heavy sable pall 
strands of a gleaming la 
midnight time with spee< 
faithful bards. And, wt 

and t 

, over the groves a 
:oo swift, this visi< 
s it burned at nig 
t the groves, and h 

alls to the minds of all who witnessed the ilium 
imera there is detailed, witli thrilling fidelity, the balustrade 
fires that burned their tiny points, or the flambeaus that 
background; and for the misty voyaging clouds that saili 
is the particular beauty of the Fair; its corona realized sc 
>, cheating the nightingale aud the whippoorwills, undulat: 
mtterfly upou a summer hour, aud fled from out our world 

;art beating loud, and, mayhap, felt the love of men for him 

f 1893. the 



s of tb 


n Building 

- of the first 

e, the Ionic 

the se 


flaunted the 

r b 

er flame 

9, or the arc 



d upou the 

if Heaven, we 


of diad 

ms in paradts 


. the 

ir of ho 

rvest eves, ha 


into the we 

ns of gratefu 


of natu 

ud looked 

, and sorrow 



t such 

thing should 

pass a 



men are standing 

in the door. Thus we may be guided t 

moulded. On the 

right is the Manufactures, next the Elect 

On the left is the 

Agricultural and. further off, Machinery 

was called. The s 

Ett-lioraes and Barge of State of the MacM 

seen at the boat 

Ian. hugs on either side of the Basin. T 

This view is from the Columbus Quadriga, on the Colonnade at the harbor, and gives a nearly complete photograph 
e of the width of the lower plazas, betsveen the balustrades of the Basin and the balustrades nearer the buildings. The 
of the Republic is displayed, showing that French was a master of the arithmetic of his art, for nobody could judge of 
together on a thirty-five foot pedestal. The entrance to the statue is seen at the foot of the pedestal, and, doubtless, 
measure the height of the wonderful effigy— perhaps the most successful of its kind that has ever been 
ty and nest the Mines. In front is the Administration, which but partly bides the Terminal Station. 
II, whose central northern spires are seen to break the facade line of the Court of Honor, as this square 
nies' Fountain are but dimly discerned behind the sprays of water. E. C. Potter's bulls and horses are 
angels on the Administration Building, with all their heroic size, have dwindled to the appearance of 

length of 





ACROSS THE GRAND PLAZA, NORTHWARD. — We have in this engraving much interesting detail of the seem 
vista to the Art Palace, nearly a mile away. First we may see the elk, by Kerneys and Proctor, next the arrau 
which is not overflowing, the hour probably being very early or on Sunday. Beyond the fountain is a rostral colu 
and this was one of six copies hereabouts ; on the bridge just beyond are bears by Kerneys and Proctor again; besidi 
the two columns that bore eagles —a part of MacMonoies' scheme; and in the hemicycle of the Electricity Buildiu] 
Carl Rohl-Srahli's statue of Franklin. This statue is here indicated in order to inform the reader that the sculptor 
pedestal too high for the best effects. The seats which are seen iu quite plentiful numbers were secured by the 
of the chair-renters, who nourished under each of the baud-stauds, the northern one of which stands iu front of thi 
plants may be noted upon the balustrade. Between the elks, steps led to a stone-paved lower level. Across this pla; 
folly of those who thus paved the grounds. 

around the MacMonnies Fountain, and down tne 
e me lit of sea-horses in the basin of the fountain, 
a with a figure of Neptune, by Johannes Gelert, 
the Barge of State in MacMonnies' Fountain are 

which is the main object in the picture, stands 
elteved the authorities raised his work upoa a 
lblic only after mouths of denial, in the interest 
Electricity. John Thorpe's arrangement of potted 

blew clouds of macadam dust, testifying to the 

THE JOHN BULL TRAIN.— As the New York Ce: 

whose model depot was just across the avenue, < 

Camden & Amboy days. This train is portrayed 

locomotives, whose boikrs sit high over the tall c 

of the Fair it went puffing in and out of the Terminal Station, giving stop 

people — especially railroad men. On October 12, 1S93, William Fhilayson, ei 

road, commanded the John Bull excursions around the yards, and ten trips w< 

the old cars and aided the ladies to board the train, as he had done fifty - 

Railroad exhibited a replica 
a step further, and brought 
jreat detail in the engraving 
wheels, the John Bull was a 

1 first 

t Clinic 


Jersey City to Chicago, in April, 1893, was made i 

aiph, and it returned to the Last with added eclat. 

Qg from 1S31 — a genuine working relic of 
, but its dimensions are possibly exaggerated to the eye. Contrasted with the big modern 
toy, and was used all summer by the people as a pet plaything. On every successful day 
ticket* to the passengers, and sounding its sharp little whistle for the delectation of the 
oue years old, conductor of the first passenger train run in America, on the Nova Scotian 
.ide that day, accuinuiodating a thousand traveler*. The aged pioneer stood at the steps of 
journey of his road. The journey of the John Bull train from 

" LORD OF THE ISLES."— The engraving shows oue of the most highly celebrated locomotives in the wor 
"Lord of the Isles," and was built for the Great Western Railway Company and exhibited as the chief w( 
made the fast time of the world, on the way daily betweeen London and Bath; and as every European 01 
Bath, it follows that the "Lord of the Isles" has drawn nearly every well-known man of the last forty ye; 
engine — in the days when American mechanism could not compete with it — were the superb steel and 
Railway, which permitted a size of boiler not attained by the Americans until they were brave enough to 
1851, what "No. 600" was at the Centennial, and what "The Director General" aud "No. 999" were to t 
New York Central, which ran at tl 

1 the 1 

: of t 


; a look of solid and poll -died : 

: best 

the Transportation Building, 
iir, held at Loudon. This locomotiv 
>u, aud once in London usually visit 
e alleged for the famous speed of th 
he broad gauge of the Great Wester 
lie drive -wheels. This engine was, i 
Examination of the "No. 999" of tt 
nee of the "Lord of the Isles," exce] 
; paint and color of past decades. 

the Javanese Theatre- 
methods by which this 
Dutch planter. The m 

entrally in the settlement was a large nal 
• instruments, sad in tone and monotonous, but always liquid a 
boom impressed the hearer at a distance as if it were til 
range music was made. The orchestra was called a gam, Inn-. 
instruments are not the single-stringed viol, seen in front, for 
mpanied by beatings on a bronze gong more than six feet in die 
e was something very sad and sweet in the little Javan people 


the best, most instructive, and lea 
oof, from which continuously issni 
deepest note of the Fair was touched 
The engraving reveals to the reader tl 
laintained by Mr. Kirkhovan, a wealtl 
sounding niusic-ljox-like xylophones, 
right. The marionettes of the play a 
soon became wearisome to an America 
s of the visitor. 


thc Exposition, the iii:iii;ijhtik- 
It is very truly alleged that th 

before us gives a picture of th 

things, ami to avoid the damp 
onlusti i, within the theatre, c 

: closed its gates because 
Javan Settlement should 
s. The little people were 

ethnological exhibit on Midway 1 
the exactions of the directors of the Fair, there w; 
it have been exiled in Midway. It was essentially t 
.podes of the noisy and sordid Tin 

the village near the large theatre. The cottages were built on s 
soil. At night the little Javans sat on their door-steps and played their 
less of the night. The great Wheel beyond might glitter with its fiv 
: the onglongs played was always far off— coutineuts and seas away, v 
the only truly poetic thing offered by the World's Columbian Exposi 

made by the Javan Company, and when, 
; a cry of dismay from friends and encmi 
i anthropological display. The voice of t 
>us-looking Egyptians who crowded the st 

ind other creeping 
ous notes of their 
light go by in joy 

THE FIFTY SAW-LOGS.— At the Centennial Exposition a load of saw-logs was shown that numbered twenty 
deed of logging, and, with that intent put thirty-six thousand feet of lumber on a sled and drew it down an incline f< 
The weight was one hundred and forty-five tons, or twenty-one tons more than the Knipp gun. The load was hauled tc 
ae sled, nine flat-cars were required for their transportation to Chic 

of Barag 

, and although the logs w 

-re all pi 

so placed 

as to enlarge the bulk o: 

the load 

coffee. 1 

ae tools of lumbermen wcr 


the lates 

t appliances for handling 



log upstairs and kicked 

t overboa 

determined to outdo thi3 
a quarter-mile with a single span of horses, 
the Ontonagon River by the Nester Brothers, 
;o. This prodigious burden was in view from 

and incredulity from millions of people. Whether necessarily or not, the logs are 
oggers' Camp, of which this exhibit formed a part, was intended to typify the methods by which the pine lumber 
was a log cabin seventy by twenty feet, in which lumbermen lived on johnny-cake, pork and beans, and black 
nological order, and near by was a large saw-mill two hundred by one hundred and twenty-five feet in area, with 
irly all the pieces displayed in the Forestry Building were sawn into their peculiar shapes, and here a machine 


land : 


before us the world's wind-mills. The spectacle which 
scene within oue of the larger houses less interesting 
land could fail to be astonished in seeing a great room alive with machinery, and dozens of cunning 
force-pump heaved its waters to all parts of the farm; a lathe turned the implements of wood; i 
wearying evolution'.; .1 fan ni tig-mill rattled; a sewiiig-macliiue hummed; a cutter rocked the feed in p 
in operation at once, moved by the great river of air, free to the millionaire or the small farmer ali 
note had they selected their own site for the Exposition, for probably no other great city has as many 
(he Agricultural Building, and even the old Dutch style may be seen represented in the group. ~ 
to get more wiud or shut against too much; one would go swiftly in the lighten 
but he loved better to staud at a distance and see the sun glint at a thousand 

another would work slowly i 

; famous 
es of every kind. Here a 

£ labor-saving toil were all 

not have been more fortu- 
bordered the pond south of 
ity; here a wheel would open 
visitor listened respectfully, 

■ windv days for which Chicago 
naequ.iiuted with the uses of th 
busy at machines of every kini 

wind-mills could 

THE SILVER COLUMN OF ATLAS. -The engraving sh< 
the only display, other than the Floral and Aquaria (mi 
South Wales challenged the efforts of the greatest States 
were the towers of ingots and pigs the only wonders of 1 

shows Canada next to New South Wales, then Great Bri 

display at the behest of the German Kaiser. Mechanics will be likely 
arms did not spring across the building, but were so balanced on the i 
rows of glass may be seen on the west side; and so well constructed wa 
until May i, 1893, when good weather set in and lasted all the summer. 

irtbwestem interioi of the Mine- Building a few hours before the opening, on May 1, 1893, and this was 

r) that was fit for the eye of the public at that time. Like all its exhibits, the mining display of New 

is. The silver column, bearing Atlas upon its capital, was the most conspicuous object in its region. Nor 

for gold nuggets worth ¥50,000 vied with the treasures of the Western States. The vista down the line 

" "sted iron projections the German workmanship of Baron Stumui, who doubtless made his great 

te the steel structure of the Mines Building, as here shown, which was peculiar; the arching 

illars that they were cut away to receive a higher skylight at the crest of the roof. The three 

edifice that it withstood the snows aud waterspouts of a most iuclement year, from May 1, 1892, 

E Skiff was credited with getting this department so promptly under way. 


have ever before gathered in a re»ion no larger Jackson Park, and as it is here desired to portray 

volume will be devoted to the illustration of the masses who surrounded the lagoons and buildings on tl 

parallel iu history. On October 9, 1S71, the city of Chicago, in its commercial ceul 

one-third of its actual geographical area was covered with ashes and ruins. Ii 

rival of the leading cities of the world, it became the ambition of the West to sc 

at a fair in the history of the world. To do this, three hundred and niuety-se 

Illinois Day had fallen far short of the "high- water mark." On Sunday night 

1871 — the streets of Chicago showed that the greatest of crowds had come. Th 

when it was clear of exhibits, entered Jackson Park. 

t known that seven hundred and fifty thousand American people 
buildings of the Fair in all their aspects, several pages of this 
lemorable day, the anniversary of another event entirely without 
nd its northern residential and suburban quarters, was razed to the ground by fire. Over 
mory of that frightful day, and because Chicago had risen from that awful fate to be a 
wd Jackson Park on October 9, 1893, as to outdo the greatest attendance ever chronicled 
thousand one hundred and fifty admissions were needed, while the Fourth of July and 
:ober Sth — strangely enough, the days of the week tallied with the days of the week in 
st day a body of visitors five times larger than could sit in the Manufactures Building 

ularly Pennsylvania, Io\ 

, and the picture repre 

hief city of Philadelpl 


other in the erection of original, typical and attractive pavilions in the Ag 

Keystone State. In all things pertaining to the Exposition, Pennsylvania, espe 

the Centennial Exposition, the State was not envious of Illinois; having sacr 

making her wondrous kind. Everything that Pennsylvania undertook was t 

welcome. Thus, this pavilion was the cynosure of neighboring eyea in the p 

with Pennsylvania!] insignia and working them out in cereals, keeping agriculture rather than architecture in 

an amalgam of cereals; or, yet again, study the grain-dials that represented the sun. The agricultural produ. 

less eloquently praised by the sons of William Penn, who wisely held that they advanced their State and 

flattered the pride of the West. 

i and labored i 
supported with bountiful 
zvr of Chief Buchanan. On 

)hio and the Northwestern States— vied with each 
i the much-admired structure or inclosure of the 
was magnaniniMus and exemplary. Having given 
ise, Philadelphia sympathized with Chicago, a fellow-feeling 
>e, and offered with such a grace as made the gift thrice 
ight admire the skill of the builder in dealing so profusely 
;w; or he might enter and behold the Liberty Bell, cast in 
of Pennsylvania were here lavishly displayed, nor were they 
ition when they abetted the civic ambition of Chicago, and 


exclamations of deligbt aud gratitude begar 
the mother of modern art ; aud Italy was : 

central clock-tower, and their exhibit was to 
the paintings ou satin, the tapestry-work, ar 
averred that chairs on which valuable painti 
of the true sphere of utility, aud are truly t 

: portals of the French sec 
inliuued through the seasoi 
to accept space at Chicago 
aud beautiful household fu 
from Columbia avenue, the 

the Manufacture 


• be s 

, that ui the 

her laborious :md 

.vares were divided, crowded, and 
lich came to Chicago from Paris. 

enue, the main aisle, witlnmt entering the section. N 

■ood and gilded metals, which are the principal attra. 

mist be kept covered forever, and must be soiled wit 
and exhibitions. Nevertheless, the impressions receiv 

jeople. The French displays were a sore reBection 

i apit 

to the public, which was not until June, 
f lite the French had no rival except Italy, 
tically ruined for exhibitory purposes. The 

g has yet exceeded the grace and beauty of 
> of Parisian furniture; but it may be justly 

cultures of America, whose 


iction the entire 
Exposition within space. To catch 

i civilization's achievements-rand transfix it in enduring form upon the' printed page, are m 
of modem magic no. less grand and beneficial than any of the miracles of the electrician. The 
6 Serial Portfolios of 16 views each, 256 in all. Photographs of gilded, glittering Dome- 
Towers and Pinnacles; magnificent Arcades, Fountains, Statuary and Paintings; superb Pav: 
Temples; and splendid Panoramic Landscape Effects; Photographs of the Exhibits 
es Government; of Forty States and Seven Ten'itories ; of Fifty Nations and Thirty-Sever, 
'owing the best fruits of human endeavor in the whole realm of Art, Industry, Science 
,. Photographs of. the famous- Midway Plaisance ; its strange people and fantastic - 
ks, Pagodas, Menageries, Hin rs, Snake-Chai 

>een omitted, eithei 

As the Columbian 

If you are pleased with these Portfolios ptease show them to your friends and call th, 
attention to the rare opportunity offered to secure them. 




Will contain a superb view of the Art Palace and the 
choicest selections from its various sections, courts arid galleries, 
including reproductions of famous statues and paintings, 
exquisite French and German porcelain vases, and many rare 
and beautiful features and details which, after careful consider- 
ation, were thought most impressive and worthy of photographic 

These Photographic Views are the cream of the collection secured by the Government Photog- 
rapher for preservation in the Archives at Washington. 




■ ■ . 


b ! 



i i 


.;.ii i ,!...■ .. I 

['or thi 


e bymwdnl rtiT»nect 


to the pure form of th 

northern vista of the 

liis building has been regarded with great critical and popul 

indent Greek temple. But for the preaeuce of the Illinois Building, with its more conspicuous c 
lir. This vast Iouic structure, seen here from the south, is joined with an eastern and western a 
brick and steel, at a cost of £670,000. The dimensions are three hundred and. twenty by five hundred feet, with two annex 
feet. Total floor area, over five acres; total wall area for picture-hanging, over one hundred aud forty-five thousand square 
and are one hundred' feet wide and seventy feet high. Height of dome, one hundred and twenty-five feet; diameter, sixty 
but was removed. The great success of Martiny in decorating the Agricultural Building led to his further engagement at 
is by him. The li>n,s yuanliug the doorways are by Theodore Bauer and A. P. Proctor. Here were gathered the treasures » 
Gelert, Donoghue, Rogers, St. Gaudeus, Kretschmar and hundreds of other sculptors; and pam.ings by "" 

C. B. Atwood, of Chicago, has adjn: 


'. K»gl.i, 

i Un 

ids of othc 
;d States 

1 of l 

ial f 
lingly fine. 


It with a view to permanence, of 
dred and twenty by two hundred 
id transept intersect the building, 
of Victory surmounted the dome, 
and the stairway on the exterior 
, with statues by Aube, Bartholdi, 
lakart, Corrodi, Tadema, Millet, 
; Art Palace, and the displays by 

r " '■ 
•S-l ll 

picture, perhaps, offers a novel ( 

remember. Beneath are three p 
Valley of the Loire at Chateaudi 
On the left, in the upper row of 
left, is Rene Gilbert's " Fishcrm; 
see another large picture of " Sj 
the left, are Allegre'a "Old Port 

by Prosper Galenic 
Her pieces, is firs 
and Paul Grollei 
I," offering a not: 
Marseilles," Gueldry 

and ( 

nth 1 

Palace at Jackson Park, and the 

the large painti 
The Last 
-all Parisian 
'Sea Birds 
Capture in 

" City 1 

and Waves" of Delai 

ith wall. Tb 
:'s "Coming 

t, or riglit wall, 
t, to the right, 
that portion of 

uethod so far devised of advau 
md no work was admitted to t 
jroup of Washington and Lafa; 
iriginal of which, in bronze, h 
itatue which is iu tlie Nations 

;ives a view looking north iu the north court of the main building, Art 
Statues, more than paintings, and both to a discouraging degree, suffer fro 
;m inspiring and instructive; a hundred or a thousand may confuse the mind and disturb a willing apprt 
the interests of men of art and soul, is by exhibitions of which the engraving is a portrayal. Room for sti 
distinguished halls lest it had met the approval of eminent ami skilled authorities. Notice is perhaps 
, on the left, which was the object of chief popular interest hereabouts. Nearer, and to the right, is a cast 
gs to the city of Paris. Before the portal, centrally in the distance, stands Lami's "First Transgressio 

t each effigy, 

oldi's bronze 

, lIlL 


nally , 

rough the 1 

icre Apostles staud. Iu the area 

eze, a laborious design, with the money-changers flee in] 
the last supper; to the right are Peter and Malchus, the 1 
the iconography of the Church, the people, who could 
is storied church, and studied these holy sculptures. 

■ the Irocadero collection of architectural casts, alcove S 5 . Art Palace, placed as is seen iu the engraving, was a large reproduction of the 
* front of the Abbatial Church of St. Gilles at Gard, France, caned in stone in the twelfth century. The ty.npauu n is now partly 
a central bas-relief surrounded by the symbolical animals of the Evangelists. This facade and portal secure a highly ornate effect 
ihort columns and pilasters, the shorter pillars standing in pairs on sculptured pedestals; the shorter pilasters separating panels or niches 
- ' -o draped Apostles with lialos, standing on lions that devour men and auimals. Above this work is the sculptured 
n of Lazarus, and the Saviour prophesying Peter's dcuial ; on the lintel 
s, and the flagellation. This, in fine, is the history of the holy passion. 
the gospel. We may imagine how joyously the masses gathered before 

i the temple 
s of Judas, the Saviour before Pontius 
>t read, here beheld the sacred recita 


Rt FR 

>M 1 



1 ul 


a the 


de Laugeac, Di 



Limoges, Am 



f F 

In the 

idc door-way, uu 




The ce 


t the 




g of til 

e sa 


ege of the r 



y t 


be foi 

,.[ ,11 tile 

.■ ugs, arches, pcudei 

Jt is chiefly remarkable for the grace of Us balustrade and the richness of its pendent arches, 
right it is to be noted that the ornate arches abruptly terminate, leaving a square and unfilled 
niches and brackets increase the bewildering but dainty detail. These niches once held 
of the holy passion. Between the arches uinler the balustrade an- mutilated statue-, in bas-relief, 
lese statues represented Faith, Hope and Charity on one side, and Justice, Prudence and 
ts, brackets, pilasters and balusters were not sufficiently ornate, the designer has added the 
ce and airiness of the work. 


of keeping a fine 

yacht, is now a c 

oniinon item 

u the pc 

sonal accouuts of the million 

certainly the yac 

it is an effective 

measurement c 

f both r. 

lancial ability and docility 

consider the part 

tway the 

of a thousand do 

they did ear 

n it. the 

e is a certain martyrdom iu 

ins Vanderbilt, tl 

satisfactory. The 

elite of Great Bri 

am posses, 3 ,c 

OO Of the 

e yachts, and America over i 

s Stewart, exhibited in the United Elites st-rtion. and loaned by 
ith its accompanying activity in ocean commerce, has given rise 
g, perhaps the most costly diversion which peoples or nations cv 
be millionaires; and in the race- for 
docility and loyalty to the couvcu 
Namouna. Either they did 
the ennui of fashionably spending 


able to them 

■lenry P. 

Boric, of Philadelphia. ^ 

he estrao 


ularly tou 

ard its 

Igcd. It 

s said that S50, 

r, as the e 

- and the form; 

vclinive c 

f lasbioi 

things is 

p".i : . ilile 

re the m 

ney which is h 

re being spent nt the rate 

rard, John 

j M Oh 


nd or third ge 


rd their 

iida the t 

11 story. 


YOUNG GIRLS GOING TO THE PROCESSION.— A notable ceremony of the Catholic Churcli. honored in all Latin couutries, is a procession of tl 
formal march, visiting some church in stale, either to give thanks or implore special dispensation. There are also processions of the host or sacrau 
Mount Calvary, of the Rosary, and other forms. These ceremonies have taken a strong hold on the faitli and senses of the people, and have served 
together and assuage hb.odslied. Contrasted with these peaceful walks across the odorous fields l>y happy damsels, the alarms and crimes of war I 
gradually lessen. It is said that St. Chrysostoiu, the unrivaled orator of Constantinople, was the first to introduce processions from Pagan customs hit 
The followers of Arius, being forced to hold their meetings out of the city, went forth together, singing authems; and Chrysostom (Golden-Mouth) in 
organized the orthodox clergy and people into counter-processions, carrying crosses and flambeaux by night. The painter of this beautiful picture, wlii 
French section of the Art Palace, at Chicago. Jules Adolphe Aime Louis Breton, is one of two celebrated brothers, born at Courrieres, France. Jules i 
which this is a type, sometimes entering with a steruer skill iuto the pathetic aspects oi life among the lowly. The brother, Emile. excels with suom 

i hold society 

i evliibited in llic 1 

: lli. ■ 

three children, Rosa. Augusts, and Isidore, Hie sculptor, liow to become famous. At an early a e, like Ken: 
Park, Rosa learned that the animals themselves were the only models that the true artist n eded. Against 1 
cattle of France as they uppeured in nature, anil a'lhough Hie critics mig'it be slow to praise her. the people v 
the Supreme Court of Criticism reviewed its rulings, reversed its decision, aud in 1850 crowned her p.imtiu ; 
world of art. Tins pjiotiiig. her masterpiece, now bangs iu the gallery of the Luxembourg, in 
is not a Raphael ; her cattle are not universal c tile, but Trench catt'e. 

813, and was the pupil of her father, who taught all of bis 
y& and l'roctor, whose works adorned the bridges of Jackson 
e art-canons of her day, she labored to outline the uncomely 
re as swift to express their pleasure. Thereupon, as is usual, 
if "The Nivernais Ploughing" with the full approval of the 
: of Paris. The paintings of Rosa Donheur are French. She 

Story told is, that the King of Poland si 
tribute by a certain time, with hostages 

tire by Elias Bvimovicht Repine is the property of the Emperor of Russia at 

rd to the estimable geutlemen, whose characters are so legibly drawn on t 

airily for future good faith, and a contingent to aid in fighting the King's I 

arlh. The degree of terror which this war-like missive did not inspire in their hearts is the subject c 

the literary task to which these given spirits have now devoted themselves. As ideas more and moi 

harmony with the labors of the clerk and li erary man, the savage merriment increases. These noma 

f which tin.- derisive Munchausen papers partly grew, describes the peculiar character 

people of all nations. There are about five null on people in Ru-sia who are nomads— Scythiaus ; sons of the Magog oi 

insulting in 
of are found 
Tott, in his celebrated 

t unless they sent their 
vipe his correspondents 
me a reply sufficiently 
lunts at first mi thought 

s are the best riders in the world. The Baron de 

Df the Cossack villages. There is but one street, 

;t, at Chicago, was viewed with a 

fenth Genesis I 

istil ■ take 

Art Palace at Jackson Park. The pr 
in chasuble, with gloved bands and I 
than this beautiful picture of local I 

SEPT OF THE CATHEDRAL OF BORDEAUX.— This cast, from the Trocadero collection at Paris, stood iu alcove 83, east court, of the 
:ipal decoration divide* the portal, where Bertrand de Got, Archbishop of Bordeaux, elected Pope in 1305 as Clement V., stands arrayed 
ra on his head, imposing tin. Apostolic benedii tion on the flocks which he has honored in the church. But there is more of Clement V. 
ie. It was he who aided Philip le Bel, the king, in his burning of De Molay, the Templar, and the persecution of the crusaders' order 
by treacherous means, and the innovation by which Clement V. removed the chair of St. Peter from Rome to Avignon was one of the most serious difficulties of the Roman 
hierarchy. At the sides of the portal are six bishops in their robes, and the archivaults are filled with statuettes of angels, the Twelve Apostles, and various prophets and 
patriarchs. The tympanum conforms to a manner of sculptors, and holds three stages. It is probable that the sculptor was guided by the utilitarian idea of offering to the 
people (who could not read) as much instruction as possible. In the lower row is the Last Supper; next above, the Apostles behold the ascension of the Saviour; above, the 


:ated in heave 


it is not impossible that futu 
here represented, shall luru 1 
shall deliver to the Schlieu 
Emperor Frederick, it caun 


isorting with the i 

1 plays the leading part in history — that is, as the ar 
1 reiid of the people of 1900 as the cement-makers. 1 
hard as the Idaho petrefactions, so that no seulptoi 
that time this Venus of Medici, or this Bacchai 
t the scientists will discern the potter's rather the 
vill harden into ivory-Carrara marble we shall thcu ha- 
ling generations. Everything here is cement; and because all is no 
est forms. Because the base and the comic were easy to make and qu 
atue of Germauia, Portland cement was used for these 6gures. 

ich he has m 
mda of the f 




1 4 ' T' ,.v,mam 



■ WUr in - n - -^jtM^irtWl- 



" ' .. 

p^ -**'■ 

i J 

, <^f^^p0 




Hi <; 



" ^ 


—Three times ill the hi 

tory of the French monarchy the king has died 

without male issue, and his two brothers have 

followed him ou the throne, also dying without 

imilar heirs. The cast o 

the tomb here portrayed was iu the Trocadero c 

ollcetion, in alcove 92 of the east court of th» 

death of the two childre 

1 of Charles VIII., son of the celebrated Louis XI 

Jean Juste, and was placed in the Church of St 

Martin, at Tours, but 

now stands iu the cathedral of that city. It is 

in marble, a little over four feet high. The 

figures lying in state on the sarcophagus are t\ 

o in number, and the r 

ibes in which tliey are invested are embroidered 

vith fleur-de-lis and dolphins. Supporting the 

rubinis hold shields at t 

ic feet. The main decoration of the tomb is a shi 

Id bearing the arms of tbe daupbins or crown 

princes of France, between cherubinis, and all the 
on a mind and eye naturally controlled by artis 

rawing is tastefully and successfully done, the figu 

res only showing the effect of conventional rule 

ic effect. Nor is the co 

ver of the sarcophagus less elegautly carved. He 

re tbe conflict of Hercules with tbe hydra, the 

struggle of Hercules and Alcestcs, and Samson bea 

ring the pillar of Gaza, a 

e dwarfed into humble comparisou with the royal 

nfants below. 

'"THK : e Educational Art Portfolio isto I photograph 

Expo,: catch pLci im 

f civilization's achievements— and tran ivels 

in an i lectrician 

ach,256in Min- 

; and Pinnacles ; m \rcades, Fountains, Statua 

P ::.,. ■ ' nd- splendid Panoramii '' the 

b l fruits of hun ' ' 


Oriental Dani '"' 

hi : '. lio 

ful me'mem 

If you are pleased with the- 

attention to the rare opportunity ^cure them. 

Portfolio No. 7 will Contain 

i. Details of The Golden Doorway. 
a. Moonlight Scene on the Grand 

3. Water View of Manufactures 


4. Foreign Buildings — Sweden 

and Norway. 

5. Foreign Buildings — France 

and Spain. 

6. Grand Loggia Machinery Hall. 

7. View from Veranda of Woman's 


8. Proctor's Statue— The Cowboy. 

9. Proctor's Statue — The Indian 


10. Village of Alaskan Indians. 

11. Penobscot Indian Village. 

12. Boat Parade on Transporta= 

tion Day. 

13. The Cliff Dweller's Exhibit. 

14. The Statue of Germania. 

15. State Buildings of Colorado 

and Maine. 

16. The Silver Queen. 

(A Colorado Mining Exhibit.) 


ese Photographic Views are the cream of the collection secured by the Government Photog- 
rapher (01 n in the Archives at Washington. 




1 Golden Doorway 
Hike oil both side; 
: beautiful tyinpaui 

afford a close study of the lateral treatment, which 
Within the door itself we catch a glimpse of out of tin 
balcony, iu the bas-relief. The arabesquerie of the ne 
pavilion should lit.- noted, as well as the border of the tympanum over the do. 
was the splendor of the arches and pylon, and the small panus of the windov 
a quotation of llacon was inscribed, ami on the companion spandrel (i 

; picture aud i 

nth gold leaf and silver before 

the entire scene shows the value of staff for 
u actual views of the doorway these profile stair 
ar lent a sense of the tentative and unfinished t 
w) a similar quotation was made from the writin 

1 the degree of beauty desired by the archi 

ir engraving, and the object here is to 
the gallery, oratory and organ stairs. 
irt is fastened on the wall beneath the 
ie delicate traceries. The roof of the 
:iot greatly arrest the eye, so distinct 
ral scene. In the spandrel over the 
aulay. All of the arabesquerie seen 
rets, Adler & Sullivan. 


evening. Early-risers walked with sprinj 
shrub and (lower. Those 

ling lal 

—Thousands, who were so fortunate as to frequently vis.t tin- reposition, are familiar with i;-. varied phases it nil hours of the da] 
ing step along the lake to catch the freshening breeze, or on the Wooded Isle while yet the beaded dew remained untouched on grass 
r it lying white under the noonday glare, when the all-too-scanty strips of shade north of the big buildings offered grateful resting pi 
ng and the glassy lake lay like a sheet of sapphire darkened at its edge by lengthened shadows ; evening visitors gazed upon it aglow- 
loomed darkly in unreal heauty. But to very few was accorded the privilege of contemplating the i 
fitful stars, uature and art standing alone- tf.igi.-tht.-r ,iud gazing upon those sole 

i hi- i\hiU' s 

myriad lights, behind whose brilliant 1 nes and 

after those lights h id long been out, and when be-neath Hit setting moon or the pale 
in their sylvan setting, pressed each others palms in congratulation upon their consumi 
and the harvest moon just dropping ln-hiud a cloud-bank in the western sky. with the b: 
any artist should (eel justly proud ami highly prize, was happily secured. 

i this 


' hou: 

It heralds dawn stirring the dark waters of theGra 

WATER-VIEW OF THE MANUFACTURES BUILDING.— The engraving allows the enti 

man. From Die corner pavilion iti the foreground to the central pylon, where the five flag 
many feet more, making one thousand six hundred and eighty-seven feet in all, or nearly ( 
to western center, and though the photograph might lead the reader to believe that he sees 
has not yet come into view. The corner pavilion which Ionics low is really ninety-seven fei 
the outer roofs to a height of over three hundred and twelve feet. The pylou is one huudr 
other fronts. The vaults of these decorative features were painted by Millet and other artit 
did a large business during the later months of the Fair. Early in 1892 the southern end 
work along the northwestern corner (in our foreground;. Frank Aguew, a popular Chicaj 


utidred and foi 

of the 1 
: and on 

e-third of a mile. The width of the edifice is nearly a 
early all of the north end, he subjects himself to an i 
high, and is diminished because it is beside the mouni 
and twenty-two feet high, and three similar construct 
, and loggias led along both sides, west anil east. In tl 
f this facade blew down in a cyclone, and a month lai 
in, and ex-sheriff, was the contractor for the wood-woi 

, for the north central pylon 
central roof, that rises inside 
e at similar places in the three 

SWEDEN'S BUILDING.— The engraving will sh 
Swedish Building at the Fair. Yet it remains tr 
edifice covered a triangular lot, and was built in 
noteworthy festivities on June 36, 1893. The ar 
churches and castles. The building was closed i 
NORWAY'S BUILDING. -Between the edifices 
Norway, a small building that was missed by 
with the beaks of ancient Norse boats. The are 
the Fatherland, after which the sections were br 

Sweden, where 

: latter days of the Fair on 
ermauy and Ceylon, withd 
visitors. The gables of this struct 
i sixty by twenty-five feet, and the 

could convey to the reader, not already visually informed, any adequate idea of the form of the 
cture made a beautiful appearance in Jackson Park, where it added piquancy to the scene. The 
o pieces for shipment to Chicago. It held the eutire Swedish exhibit, and was dedicated with 
<>f Stockholm, who spent in the work of recalling the style of two hundred years ago in 
hi account of adverse act ion by the insurance coinp 

slightly i 

.,[].■■.■., th.. 


rected by Norwegian workmen. The Norwegian Commissio 

d Jackson Park, 

1 the Stavkirke c 





iifined. The building was ninety -five by eigl.ty-fou 

of the great Spanish discovery. 

right, a similar pavilion stood, and the twain 
of scenes in Paris. In the pavilion before 
for future identification. 

in the right of this 

; Of tbi 

ghj the tower was filtceii feet higher, and its roof could be reached 
principally filled with large aud antique oil paintings, largely 

ly the left pavilion of the edifice erected by Prance. At some distance out of view to the 
semi-circular gallery, on the interior but exposed walls of which hung many large paintings 
vn the administrative machinery of Paris, including the operation of the Bertillou method ol measuring crimiuals 
ickedness and the ugliness of bad men's faces, as here shown, crowded these pavilions all summer. 

GRAND LOUtitA OF MACHINERY HALL. This noble veranda was exposed to the view of all the assemblages for winch the Administration pla/.a remains famous. Few persons 
looked upon its rich details -its grilled windows, paneled ceils, ornate door-casings, mural colors, Coriuthiau columns, fluted pilasters, balustrade, and its noble length, without feeling 
the inadequacy of time given for the proper appreciation of so much taste and labor. The possessor of this volume will behold good pictures of machinery Hall at a distance, and 
will see thai the structure possessed beauty and integrity. He will have views of the portals, pediments, spires ami statuary, giving him opportunity for the study of elementary 
beauties. And now the engraving represents, without exaggeration, the aspect of grandeur which belonged locally to the Palace of the Mechanic Arts. No doubt time would have 
adopted the nobler name ; (or the blue and gold, the wealth of decoration, the vista-., the troops of angi. Is hovering near, the companies of graces and muses that met all summer on 
the arches, added poetry to invention, and gave to the wheels and grunting iron anus within their meed of the spiritual that dwells in all the works of man. This loggia overlooked 
the parade-ground in front of the Terminal Station, and also the spot on which that envious ikon, the Troy Bell, was gradually and industriously made remarkable by having 

ish.-l ■ 

i pull i 

EASTERN VERANDA OF THE WOMAN'S BUILDING.— Although the Woman's Building was the theatre o 
women, it was no less an object of the greatest curiosity to the mass of American home people. It was the fi 
and conducted by women. Its managers composed the first legislature of women ever authorized by any govi 
propaganda that moileru woman has seen lit to espouse, and every lecturer and leader might reel sure of an ) 
aid to the decoration of the premises, and it may be guessed how grateful would the multitude have been 
Building, or northward, as in our engraving, upon the broad-spreadiug capital of Illinois. But chairs were i 
short to allow time for reformation of the world and for rest in this delightful retreat. Therefore the people 
with a crowned head on them; looked at Marie Bashkirtseff's last picture; drank Ceylon tea; inquired for J; 


iccideut ; or, better yet, heard s 

! lecture on lliu net-ik-'l 1 

raent of men. Its halls and offices were dedicated to every 
ur of glory here. The French gardeners lent their generous 

sit here and gaze across the lagoon upon the Government 
: deemed necessary by the legislative mothers — life was too 
ent inside and paid a dollar each for Isabella quarter-dollars 
. Potter Palmer; got dinner on the roof-garden, where the 

i^fe: ^vJ.W 

PROCTOR'S COWBOY— Hetweeu Choral Hall and the Transportation Building, on the borders of th 
with the horses and bulls of French and Potter on the Grand Basin. "The Cowboy" is seen port ray t.. ... 
be partly discerned beyond "The Cowboy." A writer in the Chicago Record said: "It seems at first curious that i 
bad horse-, I ut the truth about this is that these statues were made in great haste, and the sculptor himself; did n 
assistants almost entirely. The figures, on the contrary, are his own. The figure of the Cowboy, though spirited 
groups are exceedingly interesting. Such work marks Mr. Proctor as one of the rising sculptors of the day— oue wl 
that both Mr. Kemeys and Mr. Proctor have come to their exact knowledge of the shape of wild American animal; 
These heroic pieces were not made for critical approach and study, as in the photograph. They were offered for the delectati 
us purpose. 

lagoon, stood two groups of statuary that comported in size 

■ugraviug. The companion-piece -an Indian on horse — may 

a sculptor so familiar with animals should have made such 

ive time to make the horses, but left this work to his 

lot so successful as the Indian. On the whole, these 

capable of doing very great work indeed." It is said 

that regard served a beautiful and iugei 

: the hu: 

i of the dis 

! lagoon, 

PROCTOR'S INDIAN. Not far from the Golden Door of tl: 
turn to the eastward. The Cowboy, seen in the distance, v 
the work of ornamenting the bridges and balustrades, and 
was done by inferior Assistants of P.octor: 'The Indian, h 
the life, according to the French rule, and the value of sue 
One of Buffalo Bill's Indians— Red Cloud— was the sculptoi 
attitude finally chosen is one of rest, but the expression is 

Transportation Building stood two heroic statues, for the ornamentation of the lagoon, which here took a sharp 
5 the companion-piece, and is also illustrate I on these pages. Messrs. Kemeys and Proctor were entrusted with 
ese two groups f 11 to Proctor. A critic in the Chicago Daily litrord wrote of this statue, noting that the horse 
/ever, is oue of the very best pieces of sculptural work on the grounds. One reason is that it was modeled from 
way of workiug is conspicuously shown when compared with otlu-r works by the same sculptor not so modeled. 
model. He became very much interested in the work and posed on his pony in all sorts of positions. The 
ie of intense eagerness and repressed action. The Indian puts bis hand over his eyes and intently gazes across 



—In the 




al Building 

the street, and disphi 

ing the 



f the 

family on 

real camp or 


of the Quactuhl 


ns, with the 

now the 

n the Jews 


and the 


history alwaj 
telling many 



ill the c 


his a 

cestors by i, 

and bo conve 

re the si,. 

they rarely posses 

which names 

the phratry. The 


ackuhls. a 

the I-xposi 

long, of the village of Skidgate 
oors, on the borders of the South Pond, n 
ctual condition, as brought from the Nortli 

Incas dwelt in Centra! and South Amci 
s than a family in civilized life. No man 

■arved at much expense, and the richest member of the village gives the ]> 

^semblance to the thing they stand for. On top of the pole 
ed in these huts shown in the photograph. 

tish Columbia, giving the method of buildi: 

:. The tribal conditions of savage. 
The tribe divides into phra tries, 

marry into his own phratry, hence I 

the bat 

,ill ■ 

on the South Poiid, iiear by. Th 


- th« 

Indian agent at Oldtown, Ma 

ch-bark hut, on the left, was < 

t. They also had bark cauoes 
of amusement-. .111 opportunity to secure impersonations of aborig 
behavior of these first families of North America during their residence in Chicago was the subject of uni 
yet secured the self-control and sense of equity which the Indians displayed on all great days. The 
assemblage like of Chicago day, when seven hundred and fifty-one thousand people were present. To 

e Indians had birch-hark cs 
?ral belonging to the living 
tuts on the South Pond. T 
le floats at night, and led i 

, but I 

-ested i 

■s which they paddled in the waters of the Exposit 
>re sent stives of the Iroquois who lived in Jackson ] 
presence of these red men, with many others, gave 

multiplied prodigiously after dark on festive occas 
,-ersal remark, and it was learned by the whites th; 
:icket-takers averred that the Indians were best fi 
classify the American Indians, and understand thei 

: Penobscot, or Panawanskek," 

■ by h. Sabir. 
. page 85. 

■ Christian Exami 



September 9. 1S93. Transportation Pay began with a mar i tit 
of water craft that pass. TIil- sccliou of gondolas is at ha 
men iu varl- colored g.irb. This barge made a brilliaut spec 

.1. and beside 

In this single, silent ami strangling procession the 
Esquimaux in his kyack ; the Japanese pluenix bo; 
launches or propellers; life-boats; yawls, with Spanish 
in out-rigers; fishing boats from the bays and coasts 
brought to a finish. 

passed the different small 1 

e rowed by eight 
nany scl'iics described in books of travel. 
ir dug-out; the African in his bimba ; the 
•ler ; Tafts; steam, electric, and naphtha 
n from the Michigan; champion oarsmen 
which, long as it might be, was too soon 


men who once peopled the 
displajed, iu order to give 
weapons and pottery. 

sible, built their houses mid l 
i paths led up the cliffs and through to the 
to euter tin- instructive exhibit, which was on 

which is portr.iy 

were the miniati 

'of the cliff-dwell* 
udreds of feet alio 
neath.and bouses 

STATUE OF OERflANIA.— The engraving, besides showing i 
stock barns, three or more of which are here brought partly i 
south. In September and October, horses, cattle, sheep, swii 
the French section in the Manufactures, the pictures of the .' 
proved that at least the visitor took the deepest interest in t 
and even sculptors, this majestic out -door German exhibit t 
cement, a material that came into wide-spread use when the ' 

■. and domestic fowl occupied tl: 
-t Palace, and the flowers i: 
ose things with which he was be: 
fered lessons both in art and e 

ill-liuit-liug era bewail, ..bout iShs 

i the 


It i 

a half mile long by several hundred feet \ 

; was visited by all the fanners. The people from cities chose 
While there may be an ideal love of novelty, the Exposition 
formed. To all students in cement, raid-maker*, rmvriiieni-l.iyers, builders, 
ience. Steps, urns, tablets, pavilion and statue were all cast in Portland 


nng 1 


JILDING.— Tim h 
st days of 1893, 

Ifered a hospitable place of assetnbl; 

:o impress the dignity of their State o 
height of eighty feet. The structun 
appearance. The interior fittings wer 

State houses that presented a solid 

undertaken and fuiMied he (ore the wave of financial disaster broke over the Centennial State, and. 
for citizens who might there congratulate themselves that they h d preserved enough from the 
all visitors to the Fair. The area of this building was one hundred and twenty-five by forty-five 
evideuced the Spanish-Moresque influences of early Western settlement, and its hanging balconies 
in onyx and marble. H. T. E. Wendel, of Denver, 
ml enduring front was the edifice erected by Mai 

, the an In 

to exhibit the products of the State's quarri 
1 the extreme eastern wing of the array of t 
if a wide fire-place where people often liugen 
(regular shape of the lot deterur 

together with the 

mou wealths, and t 

whether they were 

1 the form of the building seen 

: of he 

1 deal 

rill and patient 
; air of the lake, which was near at hand, 
rom Portland, Maine, or Portland, Oregon 
1 the engraving. Cost, $20,000.00. 

ith i 

material so heavy and refractory. 
always defied on sharp mornings 

■ architect, Charles S. Frost, was 

"THE plan of these Educational Art Portfolios is to present in beautiful photographic reproduction the entire 
Exposition within a reasonable space. To catch the picture ere it ilshe: 

ilization's achievements -and transfix it in enduring form upon the printed 

iagii no less grand and beneficial than ai : > eries 

ia! Portfolios .of 1 6 views 

magnificent Ai 
and splendid Panoramic Landscape Effects; Phoi of the 

■ vernment; of Forty States and Seven Ten 

ng the best fruits of human endeavor in of Art, Indui 

ling. Photographs of the famous Midway Plaisance ; its Strang 
Foreign Villages, Mosques, Kiosks, Pagodas, Menageries, Hindoo it 
■Oriental Dancers. In fact, nothing has been omitted, either in picture or story, whid 

impression as an actual visit to the great Fair. As the Columbian Exposition passes 
,resent this Portfolio of its choice the fittest, ■ beauti- 

nemento for individual possession and Stu 

If you are pleased with these Portfolios please Jm to your friends and call thei 

attention to the rare 'opportunity offered to secure them. 

Portfolio xNo. 8 will Contain 

i. The noose Bridge. 

2. The Electric Fountains. 

3. Wrought Iron Gates. 

(Germany's Section, Literal Art.-. Building.) 

4. Manufactures Building from 

north end of Wooded Island. 

5. Agricultural Building, looking 

across Grand Basin. 

6. The Fisheries Building. 

7. Facade of the Colonnade, Fish- 

eries Building. 

8. The Wooded Island. 

9. Centre of the Wooded Island. 

10. Proctor's Statue of Industry. 

11. Proctor's Statue of Plenty. 

12. The Tower of Oranges. 

.ngelcs County Exhibit.) 

13. The South End of California 


14. Windsor Castle Reproduced. 

15. Ontario in the Agricultural 


16. Painting the Great Buildings. 

These Photographic Views are the cream of the collection secured by the Government Photog 
rapher for preservation in the archives at We 

Y^\E\ ' 



We know how qui 





! ciii 



Sixty-fourth street entrance. The Art Palace was situated ou au extension 
page, was ait extension of Sixty-second street into the park, and touched the main isla 
Bui. dings, and the dome of the Administration Building is seen between them. The 
were made by the sculptors, Edward Kemeys aud A. P. Proctor. Six of the animals 
jaguar, the elk, the buffalo — aud copies of these designs wire placed a 
especially with snow on the ground, or ou a bright day, was gratifying 
not enough of these bridges, however, and the great building 

lin.. st every advantageous pli 
the lover of nature, and offered 
,nd Liberal Arts was miliappi 

was Sixty-seveutl 
The bridge 
> south end. Parallel on 

antelope, the 
the park. The effect. 

tposltiou. There were 

one OF the electric \i. im stains. 

inelosure, as seen in the photograph, from which u 

any volcano-like craters issued. These were covered 

with rustic rock-work for ornament in the day-time, when the 

louotains were not in use. At night, there issued f 

rosy red, pink, yellow and blue — the columns rising to a much 

gn-iittr height tluit may he here seen, capable also 

jf multiple colors, cross-plaviii;, and pyramidal effects. 

The van-colored night fountain, in former times, was produced 

only on the dramatic stage, the colored lights being 

brown upon the waters from the flies and by the Drum 

10ml light. The electric fountain was introduced to the general 

public at Pans, in the Exposition of 1SS9, with grea 

success. Mr. Yerlces, of Chicago, theu erected a fine e 

sample of this beautiful device at Liucolu Park, in the northern 

part of the city of Chicago, which, plaviug oil three 

lights a week, was visited by millions of people. Thes 

e fountains at the Pair, at the hours in which they were played, 

added distinctly to the bewildering bc.nities of the SC 

eueath the basin, and electric lights play en the water before it 

rises out of the funnels. Owing to the complexity 

if ths apparatus— hydraulics, dynamos, and what not— 

disappointment is frequent and unavoidable, but the successful 

exhibitions are all the more highly enjoyed by the p 



serving as a fa9aile aud disclosing tin.- beauties ol 

became so great that Emperor William II. himself 

decorative character of the gates, the central one 

swung under the arch weighed eighteen tons. The side gates 

nnd fifty of the most skillful workmen of the firm devoted all 

of al! iron-workers, for they alone could attest the marvelous n 

moved. Wrought about them were mouldings aud wainscotings, e 

together, only to give, at the proper distance, a sense of perfect 

beautiful piece of wrought-irou ever made fronted Columbia avenue for a space of one hundred and sixty-one feet, 

Porcelain Porch within. When the Annbruster Brothers, of Prankforl-on-thc-Main, set up this work in Berlin, its fame 

,ved it, and joined with the general praise of its excellence. The enyraving praelii ally describes the rococo and highly- 

ig the largest piece of artistic iron ever wrought. It stood forty feet high and twenty-two feet wide, and the gates that 

thirty feet high and fifteen feet wide, ami each pair weighed thirteen tons. Tor six mouths, one hundred 

ir time to hammering these complex forms out of bar iron. The central gate, of course, was the cynosure 

e of the display. Bars and gratings which la-re look so delicate, were in themselves heavy aud not easily 

over them a flowery arch. Fruit and leave-, geometrical scroll-work, and oriental traceries ran confusingly 


extend to the lion-fountain at the obelisk. Tims viewed, the height of the st upend 
is to be kDown that this fabric was at first iutended to be rather a gallery than a 



; still - 

i of t 


Hall of Arches, which made a mount. on on lln- hike front, was a huge 
Two ordinarily large houses stand at the end— first the Guard and Fire Sla 
present to the mind the proportions of the maiu building. There was lit 
and, on approaching, gave impressions of their height, which was uincty- 
Post, of New York. Not only was this the wonder of the world, and the c 
the people of the nations. 

Ii, and the original ideas of the architects remain. F 
re to hold the Leather Building and the Music Hall. 

Army Hospital. They offer a contrast, and will effect 
no statuary on these facades. The pylons and pavilions were well supplied with flag-st 
feet at the lowest. It cost $1,700,000 to finish this work. The architect was Mr. Georj 
object of the Fair, hut its interior revealed a variety and splendor not heretofore attaint 


.—The great builiHug wh 

ch occupies 

York, aud Philip Marti 

ly, a pupil of St. Gaudeti 

s, who is c 

Diana stalls ou tbc su 

Jiuiit of the central dom 

. No Other 

which together distingu 

shed this structure. The 

splendid d 

arched windows ; aud a 

series of sixty statues ol 


eighteen hundred feet o 

*er many sculptured ped 

incuts. At 

J. 1,1 \\ . 

--ith t 

i this phc 



i the work of the celel & White, of Ne 

: hundred and fifty feet high. Along the entin 
> covered with sky-lihts; it had many galleri 
1 the eye was lost when it strove to traverse oi 

n the New World has yet presented the wealth of ornamentation and the g 
of Corinthian architecture were enriched with a series of sixty Zodiac-bearen 
Jed the hsudsoiue balustrade. Magnificent groups of equine and bovine statua 
oriicr. the Horoscopes held their spheres, aud the Four Scusous sat in graceful 
paintings. The main entrance was sixty-four feet wide, admitting to a rotunda over one hi 
nt ran a loggia; and, just iuside, a line of thirteen foreign nations made a brilliant miscellai 
nd there was an agricultural assembly hall in which lectures were given. The striking e(fe 
iprehend the interior. Cost foiS.oou. 

THE FISHERIES. The silo allotted to tliis building was so irregular that a remarkable structure was required, and the 

the chief attractions of the Exposition -a double row of grottoed and illuminated aquaria, in which the strangest inh 
Here might be seen the King Crab, the Burr-fish, Flounders, Toad-fish, Anemones, Eels, Sturgeon, Cat-fish. Sharks, Bill 
remarkable or beautiful creatures, and it seemed that the circular shape of the building lent itself to the better illn: 
beautiful had heretofore been seen west of London. Nearly six hundred feet of glass frout were shown in the aquai 

The surface was many feet above the spectat 
veteran officer of the United States Fish Com 
three hundred and sixty-five feet. The area 

under water. The i:i»l n-iiiis ami arubes were u 

. head. 

Condensed salt wat 

tion of Henry Ives Cobb, of Chicago, the architect, 

nts of the deep were exposed to convenient view. 
Gold-fish, Bine-fish, Rays. Trout and many other 
tion and decoratiou of the aquaria. Nothing so 
ire feet of surface water. 


nought from the Atlantic Ocean. Capt. J. W. Collins, the chief of this departn 
one hundred and thirty-five feet in diameter. The greatest length of the strm 
15,000. It was characteristic of this building that its decoratiou was symbolic 

, fishes and frogs. 

DETAILS OF THE FISHERIES ARCADE. -The Fisheries Building, whic! 
types of human construction, but iu its details it was equally peculiar, or 
in the picture before us. The architect, having invented the mauuer of 
where more iteration remained to be performed, he left the mechanic to 
for instance, showed what remained to he done, he left his plan blank wl 
parts of the pillars to be plain; yet the mechanic did not note that no tw 
the odd result which is here seen was attained, but the architect had expe. 
are well worthy of study, for a greater wealth of detail in the effigies of 
outlined, and the treatment of reeds and " cat- ails " i- especially happy. 

was erected by Henry Ives Cobb, architect, of Chicago, was n 
iual and beautiful. A ridiculous example of the inertness of 
■eating his capital and column, as to decoration, made that t 
1 in with frogs, reeds, or serpents, as the pattern might requi 
a weary of repeat tig the device. Now the mechanic supposi 
i f the pillars agreed with each other as to the place of stoppi 
ed that the frogs and eels and urchins would deck the pillar 

lavished c 

y a distinct creation among all 

unci), inn, il skill is to be uoied 

:ut plain, as be supposed, and 

iecause the column of tortoises, 

d that the architect wanted the lower 

ge. Following the plans scrupulously, 

. from capital to base. These capitals 

ids of serpents anil fishes are 


THE WOODED ISLAND.— The view lure shown is doubly instinctive, in that it authoritatively informs the leader concerning the "fairy lamps," and shows that the term 
"wooded island" wai a euphemism. Time did not permit the builders of the Fair to briny about, on these somewhat secluded spots, those transformations of which poets 
might sing. As a matter of (act, the flower and shrub display hereabouts was uot what might be termed magnificent But at night, with the aid of the little glass cups 
(here seen) of various colors, holding tiny lights of wick aud oil, the scene was charming ami filled the space with all the thousands of visitors that could be accommodated 
without trampling the very illuminations themselves. The road at the right leads to the Hunter's Cabin. The vista offered is between the Mines on the right and the 
Electricity on the left, and looks directly into the northern entrance of the Administration Building, giving to that commanding structure its second most advantageous 

which i 

-ulh and 
r. should be. The unsatisfactory cupolas of the Electricity Building, m 
n westward to the Golden Doorway of the Transportation Building. This 

e Adi 

linistratiou Building, giving to that 

commanding struc 


a( the heroic dome-. roups of Victory 

on the left, is we 


r by. are exposed to view, aud an a 

ched bridge leads 


mailer island was called the Hunter 

s Camp. 

• the 


[ the road 


; places us centrally in the Wooded Island, among tlie (airy lamps, and lacing the dome ol II 
. icuous object iu the park. On the other side of the island, opposite this dome, rose the Mann 
mountain .1 structure too 'large (or immeaiate view. In the park, the Administration Building was first; this vista of dome aud thought of flowers 
lake, a mite away, the big building was given scope, aud sceues like this receded into littleness or nothing. In 1891. this beautiful pla< 
blackbirds sang and the frogs piped their ship-caulking chorus. Under the direction of Superintendent Ulrich, with thousands of men, with sal 
shovels., the very aspect of nature was changed within the space of sixty days. Some of the . arsh was dug into lagoons, and the sand beneath 1 
dry land. Black earth was first skimmed away aud piled "into a hill at one side of the park, and afterward spread forth upon the yellow ixpa 
Creation. The leading spirit in the park during its fiercest turmoil was Dion Geraldine, Superintendent of Constrii 
perhaps, of his absence, seemed to prove that but for his astonishing energy, there would have been no complete Fa 
beeu used iu Europe for ages. 

in July, 1893. The fairy lai 

s de, directly across the water; and each pair guarded a gondola-landing, leadi 
Potter, and nearly all the sculpture iu sight at this conspicuous point was modeled by 
which toge;her completed the Statue of the Republic, a figure whose proportions i 
that marched in double file along the Colonnade were also by French and Pottei 
by night, one of the most perfect views ever cast upon the horizon— a mirage of 
from the Battle Ship, the Manufactures roof, the Electricity, and the South Colo 
liately before us is to he highly praised for th 
reuowued for his industry and deteri 

the Manufactures side of th 

Grand Basin faced the heroic bulls on the Agricultural 

central entrance of one of tl 

e buildings. The horse-groiips were made by French and 

y one or the other or both o 

these eminent men. Mr. French cast the pieces of staff 

be justly criticised, and the 

most successful ever made. The great company of statues 

I the crowning Quadriga, ou 

the sea-portal, by the same sculptors, tillered, by day aud 

oou to pass from the thirsty 

lesert of toil aud duty. At night the many search -lights 

focused their bright rays 01 

these decorations, limning hem upon the darkness with 

of the farmer, aud it is n 

•)t impossible that the sculptor had iu mind as his model 

LOOKING LAKEWARD FROM THE STATUE OF PLENTY— We stand between the bulls in 
the Agricultural Hall, and look a l.ttle to the north of eastward, through the colonnade and a 
It was upon these watery spaces that the builders of the Fair relied for sanitary safety. Here 
were to he held apirt, that the empoisoiiments of past assem lages might not he repeated. In t 
was hoped that each day between May and November might he a Chicago Day. The city was t 
only fifty thousand people would see the Fair on some of its days, was not considered worthy c 
this scene; few or none of them but gained in health, for never did a summer pass with few 
conspired to allure the mind from care, and though the financial panic saddened the hearts 

i their loyal lips a cry of . 

regret that dreamers had dreamed 

ie by E. C. Potter, the sculptor, to guard the landing centrally i 

i front of 

hway of the so-called Peristyle, out into the blue air above Lake 

e breathing of the hosts was to be oxygenized, here by these dist 

days when these colossal columns and monuments were detennm 

much crowded in 1892, in its business part, as in 1893, and the th 

ught that 

toleration. Yet twenty-two million people came; many of them 

days that were not sunny and dry. Air, and sky, and sea, and 


the people, it could not extinguish the ardor of their admir.itic 

med and artists had wrought as never artists wrought before. 

e J » :,5 


city, and his fellow-tow: 
re was twenty-three and 
I thirty-six pieces of glass, malt 
a you know beans when the 
i the foliated panels over the d 
red center star, all beans, ornamented the fi 
Dixey W. Thompson, a man who plants nearly 

George C. Powers, of the sau 
Saticoy. This octagonal strut 
one thousand two hundred ; 

legend wrought in beans: " 

I another variety ( 

i dollai 

i bushel. The t 

ted by Los Angeles County, and covered with six thousand five 

<{. Blackstock, a leading attorney of Ventura. The architect was 

n, F. A. Foster, arranged the beaus. The exhibit was shown to visitors by Captain W. H. A. Thompson, of West 

half feet high and twelve feet in diameter, The builders used seven thousand and fifty-six pieces of redwood and 

idred and fifteen cases for beans. The wotd "When" may be seen on the roof. This was part of a 

?" The name of the county, "Ventura," was spelled in beans vertically on the outside twenty-two 

ndows was wrought in beans, and these patterns numbered forty. Two five-pointed white stars with 

each double door. This peculiar structure advertised to the world the existence of its largest bean ranch, owned by 

:h year. It is said that one variety of the beans used in the pavilion cost fifty dollars a bushel, 

rraugement of palms and other foliage i 

WINDSOR CASTLE REPRODUCED AT JACKSON PARK.— Serving as the roof of a pavilion near the western entrance 
Castle, the London home of Her Majesty, Queen Victoria. The pavilion was forty-five feet long and eighteen feet wide, am 
summit cost eight months of labor. Here a rapid and faithful study of the original could be made. George Augustus Sala say 
our way to the historic Winchester Tower, the official residence of the ' Inspector of the Castle,' we were ushered in, and pre 
to the Lord Chamberlain (or the care, repair, renovation and due ordi_r and arrangement of the furniture, fittings, appoint men 

statuary and costly china of the Royal Palace of Winds* 
apartments in fit order for Her Majesty's occupation. He replied that a fortnight i 
the time notice was given, he had known the preparations, as on the Queen's rett 
in forty-eight hours, a surprisingly short time when the extent of the royal aparttn 


t that. 

ed into two compartments. The model on the 
ing Wiudsor Castle itself recently, and making 
credentials to Mr. Collman, who is responsible 
.•less art treasures, -ueh as tapestries, paintings, 
,-as the usual time required tei get the Royal 
, by working ceaselessly night and day from 
t Victor, Duke of Clarence, to be completed 

CANADA IN THE AGRICULTURAL.— This em-Insure, which Lore at its corner portals the names of provinces, t.itt p.irtly represents tin- urge display n 
Northern neighbors in the building. The engraving here presented otters a study of the details of the facade, and it may be seen that no similar effects outside < 
Building were superior in beauty. The massing of grasses and grains on the columns, on the pavilion itself, and on the frie/.e, with the gram-comice and festoc 
picture that delighted every farmer. The arrangement of grasses and grain-jars at the exteriors and the pyramids within may he noted before the eye reache 
velvet sanctum on which stood, in golden relief, the decorations so easily seen. This inner house was erected by the Agricultural College of Ontario, and besid 
legend, its roof was covered with exhibits, and an artistic grouping of sickle, rake and fork completed a good picture. The area covered by the exhibits of Ca 
point was seven thousand seven hundred and sixty square feet, and beside a remarkable agricultural display there were samples of Canadian whisky am 
of Canada, however, and perhaps of the Agricultural Building, was a cheese made in Lanark County, weighing twenty-two thousand pounds, 
monster in whose heart an elephant might play mouse, and a marvel to be smelled the length of the building— from Pekin to Peru. 

The "lion 
; Colossus of all curdles, 





'. ■ ■ ■ 

vithin a rea .To catch the picture ere it . 

md transfix it in enduring form upon the printed . irvels 

and ;md beneficial than any of the miracles of the electrician. The 

■! gilded, glitt ., Min- 

, Statuary and Painl 

; of Fifty Nations and Thirty- 

pie and fanta 
■■., Snake-Ch 
In fact, n< r in picture or story, which would se 

visit to the great Fair. As the Columbian Expo 

during and most beauti- 

K3=" I' you are pleased with these Portfolios please show them to your friends and call their 
attention to the rare opportunity offered to secure them. 

No. 9 will be our First flidway Number 
and will contain the following: 

The Western Entrance to i*lid= 
way Plaisance. 

Town Hall in Old Vienna. 

In Cairo Street. 

The Egyptian Temple of Luxor, 

3400 Years Old. 
The Irish Village. 

(Blarney Castle Reproduced.) 

The Little Javanese People. 

A Group of South Sea Islanders. 

The Algerian Theatre. 

9. The Panorama of Kilauea. 

10. Arab Spearmen of the Wild 

East Show. 

1 1. Encampment of the Bedouins. 

12. The Lapland Village. 

13. Interior of Lapland Village. 

14. Midway Diving Bell Exhibit. 

15. The Famous Persian Theatre. 

16. The Chinese Pagodas. 

These Photographic Views are the cream of the collection secured by the Government Photog- 
rapher for preservation in the archives at Washington. 


i . such m assembly of 

fanciest ci hiisto] known 

t!i' ■. ondrous 
■ ■ i hope 

i ' beai 

I son in 

juth i 


again has 1 



i Midw 

led the 

t of Ja. 

Sliowi tile 


: befoi 

s thei 

the Captive Ballooi 

.anguages, imploring them tc 
; at this end, where tens of thousands might freely behold acts on the trapeze 
urt, were the visitor mi^iit imi^iiie himself in the ancient quarters of the Au; 
on a German pattern, with the important improvement of a fine orchestral bund which, during warm si: 
thirst and increased their enthusiasm with potations of beer and wine. It was into this nook that the d 
only to secure arrest for entering the grounds without a ticket— and all this after a railroad journey as 
sharp architecture of the Chinese Theatre, which went into a receiver's hands. At the center of the gre 

r the collapse of the Captive 
oss-bars. On the right is Old 
:apital. In this manner a "Sti 


vl. :: 

■■i ■•'•■' was copied 

sic for hearers who quenched their 
rer boxed and shipped himself C. O. D. by express, 
one thousand miles. At the left may be seen the 
Ferris Wheel, always visible for many miles. 

TOWN HALL IN OLD VIENNA.— There were rival Irish, Turkish and German attractions on Midway Plaisance. There had been, in the City of Vienna, a clever reproduct 
of ancient times, and the success of this undertaking furnished the idea of a similar entertainment at Chicago. Accordingly a large space was set aside, just west of 
Ferris Wheel, on the south side of the avenue; the houses were built entirely surrounding an open square; and Robert B. Jentzsch, a member of the Imperial 
Commission, assumed the director-generalship of the German community that at once settled in these picturesque surroundings. Conspicuously placed in the square waa an 
open pavilion where a good band from Austria gave two concerts each day. At least forty little shops of all kinds opened, and if they sold wine or beer they did not offer 
their goods without reason. A restaurateur also set his tables in the open air, and soon all Chicago, at least, was talking of Old Vienna. To pay twenty-five cents admission 
in order to pay ten cents for a glass of beer and listen to the excellent music and the compliments of the Vienese waitresses, became a fashion among fashionable young 
Americans, as it was a pleasure for old-couutry people. The engraving shows the decorations of the principal buildings on October 4, 1893, when the Austrian heir-apparent 
was in the city and on the Plaisance. It is not generally believed that he entered the inclosure of Old Vienna. 

IN CAIRO STREET,— A Street in Cairo lias become a conventional adjunct o 

universal Expositions, bu 

t the Chicago conci-siiii w.-is dot-hired by compete 

to be the 

see the mount. The eng 

raving shows the narrow passage-way down which 

that celebrated cry: "Alia 

good bum-bum, alia good bum-bum, gypsy candy 

or gypsy candy, was made of threads of sweetness, larded in flour, and wa 

a novelty. In the dauc 
stood at the doors of a le 

ng theatre the young women posed and shook the 
nple of Luxor, in which were instructive wax cast 



Thothmes III , the greatest of men, and Sesoslris. the greatest of reputed wan 

iors. The camels were lo 

ided a little this side of the present scene. There 

were us 

ready for the mount. On these tall beasts, ladies with their male admirers 

would seat themselves, a 

nd when the camel got up, there was joy in Cair 

■ Tt wa 

the most 

hilarious place on the Midway. 

the musicians marched < 
harps, and in the little pi 
chants, such as Verdi ha: 

iu the opera of "Aida," wert 
hers of the most important people who b: 

opportunity so valuable. But Egypt olog 

itive Bull Apis, and led by a drummer wl 
)r recorders. Two priests o[ Isis, draped ' 
sung. In cases about the room were repl 
i*e yet lived ou earth. It was the object < 

,vas one of the handsomest of men. On the platform were heavy 
1 leopard-skins, slorwl erect in position, and tlie solemn K^yptiiin 

of the recently-discovered mummies of Thothmes III., Sesostris, 
'rofessor Demetrius Mosconas to show these replicas and give an 
upollion, Bnigsch, Lipsius, and Bel/.otii, it may be guessed, were 

they want to ride on a camel, and it was the other end of Cairo 

REPRODUCTION OF BLARNEY CASTLE.— As there were two Irish Villages on Midway Plaisancc, this one 
the battlemented portal seen in the engraving, the reproduction of Blarney Castle, which stands behind, out 
street east of the Ferris Wheel. This enterprise was under the patronage of the Earl and Countess of Aberdei 
of home rule for Ireland. Blarney Castle was opened on the nth of May, and was vis ted during the Fair by 
was modeled after the entrance to King Cormac's Chapel, Rock of Cashel. Just inside was a reprodui 
shop, where the Tara brooch, the Fiugal piu, initials from the Pook of Kells. and Celtic traceries we 
housed native carvers of bog oak; lace makers nnd seamstresses occupied the ninth and tenth; a national 
displayed their butter in the others. Lady Aberdeen lived at the village for some weeks. There wa: 
matches were frequent. The best of order prevailed, and the Village was a success. 

was called Blimey Castle because, before 

f view in Hie picture, was the most conspicuous feature on the 

n, who, since 1S86, have endeared themselves to the advocates 

nearly every prominent Irishman in the world. The gateway 

f a cloister in Muckross Abbey. The first cottage was a jewelry 

sold. Weavers occupied the second cottage; the sixth and seventh 

luseum filled the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth; and dairy maids 

audi fun and frolic along with patriotism, and dancing and piping 

THE LITTLE JAVANESE PEOPLE. -The photographs here given afford a close study of the little people who ■ 

girl, who rates as a great beauty, and at home dances only before the Sultan of Solo, one of the native princes 
were married with the customary festivities in the early weeks of the Fair, and then returned to their parents to 
old. The face o( the woman portrayed at the left discovers many of the characteristics of gentleness which m 
frequently. The girls danced, or postured, to music that was principally made on metal gongs, struck with soft ha 
notes were very deep ami resonant, and might be heard a long dis'auce. Three of the males, like the boy in the pictur 
shaking of these extraordinary instruments with concerted effect produced soft, sad and peculiar music. The Jai 
But they gained the good-will of the millions who saw them. 

of the island. Ou the right 

re the bride a 


the bride was 


Je the Javanese so well be! 

ved by those 


imers, and always in the min 

r or sad key. 


THE SOUTH SEA ISLANDERS.— Opposite the Javanese Settlement, at Madison avenu 

, on Midway Plaisance, w 

is the rude theatre and village of tin Sampan and W.illis Islanders 

and these were the best physical specimens of manhood offered by the World's F 

ir. The engraving show 

s five of the men seated for a song. Their Kava-house is in the 

background. The Samoans were the most industrious entertainers on the I'laisan 

:e. On a high platform 

overlooking the street were two hollow logs. Two men usually 

belabored these logs in the name of music, and as there was much rhythm and some 

music, like that of the Turks, would soon take possession of the 

mind. Forming in single procession, the villagers would march out of their fron 

gate and by seiui-circl 

e into their theatre, enticing a do/en, a score, or a hundred of 

followers at a fee of twenty-five cents. This march would be repeated while the 

■ii a sufficient '-house" was obtained the four dances and songs 

which comprised the programme would be given with ardor and realistic effect. Th 

ostume. Their skins were of a bright yellow, well oiled. They 

were not Kanaks, and were superior in all ways to that great but unhappv tribe o 

men. There were four \ 

omen and a little girl, who were dressed in the latest American 

fashion. The dances were quite remarkable, showing unity, skill, and ingenuity. 

i8S6, and a railroad bmldei 
went about it willi a 
their desks. His troo 

i Asia Minor. With only a few weeks in which to erect his theatre 01 
, a good nature, and a true speculative expectation that made a frien 
■d on the 25th of April, 1893, and it was not long before nearly all tl 
t spells on colored club- waiters*, and the equally terrible Aissoires who i 

in>ide the Fair Grounds, ami anion*.* stranger*, the great man 
:very newspaper man of Pavilion L, where the reporters had 
bs of the city had seen the pretty Nantcb e,irls, the terrible 
un knives through their tongues, ears and arms. The theatre 

11 pan 

the dance * 

VI, 1- I, 

the 1 

sird to Western 1 

THE VOLCANO OF KILAUEA. -Between the Chinese Theatre aud the Ferris Win 
of the pavilion was a heroic statue of Pele, the Hawaiian goddess of lire, made 
public, evoking much applause. The word is pronounced " Kill-away-ah," or n 
Thurston, Hawaiian Minister to the United Stales, was President, and W. T. Se 
years' study of the mountain; (hereafter, with a corps of assistants, he paiuted am 
deep and three miles across. It is a lake of bubbling and thuudei 

ud his 

ivhuh i sudul ;iinl sMli.lit'ii-i 

of the 


so' x'bT ™ato™»l 

r, and under the c 
r paiutiug was m.. 
Burridge, a paiuU 

ou ii tain fifteen tho 
nbcd the cliffs tha 
eful fires of the u 

le for a company of which th; Hon. Loriu A. 

Manager. Walter W 
It the scene, the entir 
de of Moua Loa, a m 

Pacific Ocean, the bal 

r, of Chicago, visited Hawaii and made a two- 
o $ The crater is eight hundred feet 
asand feet high. The station for the spectator 
rimmed the scene and chanted an invocation 
ier slumbering volcano, the mists and lava 


desert, the Arabs might well complain that they had no 
their Wild East safely in that paradise of ethnology, tin 
rather than any popular favor that they evoked. The coi 
managerial ability, left the Bedouins in the shadows 
instruction. The patron learned that the Bedouin ii 
and if the reader study the figures of horses and riders ii 
is here seen, and his manner of holding or trailing it usual 
both a bad horse-pistol and a rusty sword. These Bedouins 

the Bedouins to Chicago in 1SU3 was attended with 
tune in the Caucasian country. It was not until the li 
Plaisance ; aud though they often figured in the news 
iclion of the Cow-boys, Mexicans, Cossacks, Bedouins, 
of obscurity and indifference. Nobody, however, who paid twenty- G 
at least a pe.icc.ible shepherd, of perhaps better temper than the Sicilia 
ers in the engraving, he will espy the absence of savagery in their attitudi 
usually announces his tribe. He can hurl his lance with good aim, and it 

ill ( 

. the 

1 then; 

. Syri 

:ter days of the Fair that the Bedouins settled with 
apers, it was because of attachments by the Sheriff 
ud military under Buffalo Bill, guided by excellent 
e cents to see these Arab* failed to secure valuable 
Sicilians or Calabriaus now so familiar in America; 
douin always bears the lance, as it 
I weapon, though he usually carries 

Sixty-fourth street. The engraving shows 

blockade of the 
man who blew 
vith a view of in 

a small shrill pij 
troduciug visitors 

d not unpleasan 
nee, but its met 

abers left the cit> 

south side of Midway I'laisance, as tin.* visitor hit that bmilevar ;t:id fiiU-ml Cottage Grove 

fas offered, similar in nature to the Oriental features of Buffalo Bill's Wild West, at 

handsome steeds, and caparisoned for battle and pillage. A camel is also seen in 

any resemblances to the out-door performances at Buffalo Bill's. In front of the 

pe, a young woman who danced or postured, and a young man who accompanied her iu the dance, 

■oupe, and piquing public curiosity. Th , evolutions of the spearmen and their sham battles 

. The troupe began operations at Sixteenth street, moved to Garfield Park, west of the city, 

to roast the first Chicagoau they met in the desert. 


Village, antl the g 
and his company 

'King Dull," whi. 
rived in Chicago 

Manager Conley named it Columbi 

1893. The Village being unprepared, tit 

birth of a reindeer. 
Laps took temporal 
*ere born on the way 

I'he Lapland colony was 
quarters at the Hotel 1 
Arriving at the Exposit 

Next ahead is the Iialioniey 
is giving the history of the 
;ht to Chicago by Euiil Arner, 
rn. The voyage of the people 

iiway yards, another was born, 
and 'welcomed the Northern 

INTERIOR VIEW 01' TIIR LAPLAND VILLACilS.-Thc Lapland Village was west of Old Vh 
course. There were twenty-four natives in the company, seven of tliem being children, ami out, 
twelve years old. In tlie Midway processions he was regarded as a curiosity, even by the M 
children, great-gteat-grand children, great-great-great-grand children, and great-great-great-greal 
looking than the Esquimaux of the New World, and the Lapland arts and industries, though o 
nt the d-iors to attract visitors, and the dogs, reindeer, children and sledges offered no little 
cloth, and the huts of hoards covered heavily with sod. The Laplanders, like the Esquimai 
reindeer. Five Dalacarlian girls made hair ornaments, and used no litlle skill in selling to 
worthy people from their habits of industry, aud they continued theii labors in tanning, dressinj 

iitors. The 


id children, great-grand 
eople are much better 

their seve 

id i li.iiigc 


of cli 

een— the tents of coarse 
died There were nine 
late did not wean these 


of Midway Plaisauce, at the intersection of Washington avenue, had that stt 

The visitor paid ten cents and entered at the right portal. Ascending a rude 

entrance and exit of air into and from the diver's armor, and asked for small co 

who was unseen in the bubbling water, reported the dates ou these coins. au( 

effigy of a drowned man, and allowed the people to see the armor in which lit was encased. 

front of tin- gaudily budi-i ked shanty. Next the > isilurs filed down another rough pine stair-c.i 

the pale blue water in the tank. To these holes the diver came in turn, holding up a card 

appearance was that of a very wet man. His hands were shriveled and soaked, and tt 

a scientific diver. 

tair-case he reached the 
s. which were tossed intr 
ofteu returned them to 

of water, stood opposite the Libby Glass Works, on 
in lurned the force-pump on the balcony, attracting i 
urface of the water. There a lecturer was seated, whe 
he water by their owners. Through a telephone the di' 
leir former possessors. The diver then came to the si 
1 not look essentially different from the painting which is 
the left and took positions at the many pecrp-holes which 1 
hich. in large letters, was printed some civil farewell coi 
tor received the impression that life in the deep is noi 

THE PERSIAN PALACE. — It was expi 

this expect ition ;i company of twenty-two 
Austrian Lloyd steamer to New York. A 
Red Sea, the Suez Canal, the Medlterram 
World's Fair. These people hoped to i 
lapidaries, and the manufacture of Persiai 
became the scarcely seen on-lookei 
: less tl 

that the people of America «ould take a deep interest in the customs, manners, handicraft, and people of Persia. la token of 

lians arrived in Chicago, April 9, 1893. They had traveled from Sheeraz and Teheran overland to Constantinople, and ihence by 

weeks later a second contingent arrived safely from Ispahan b/ the sea route — down the Persian Gulf, through the ocean to the 

;he Atlantic, New York and Chicago, being sixty days on the way — one of the longest journeys taken by anybody to reach the 

■t Americans by setting up their shops, where the weaving of carpets, rugs and shawls, the engraving of metals, the labor ol 

[dies might be seen. But the genius of Midway Plaisance was pleasure and not instruction. The working people of Persia soon 

in Midway, beholding " the greatest Oriental star, Belle Baya, the prize beauty of the Paris Exposition of 1889," and Other dancing girls, 

u young women of Paris, educated in the ca/ts chantanls of that pleasure-seeking city. The original idea of the Persian Puluce wai 

oade the place profitable and popular was instructive only in deplorable things. It stood near the Ferris Wheel. 


Exposition within ■ ' ■ ere 11 i inisln i i e m 

total of civilization's achie^ ind transfi it in enduring foi I hi print 

i1 mo 

ists' of 1 6 Serial Portfolios i Ph led, glittering Domes, Min- 

arets, Towers and Pinna \rcades, Fountains, Statuary and Pan 

Palaces and Tempi Panoramic Landscape El of the 

ivernm*nt ; of Fort\ Stai 

< ■ i. fruii Industry, Si 

ntal i In fa 

ful n 

C-s" It you are pleased with these Portfolios show them to your friends and call their atter 
tion to the rare opportunity offered to secure thern. 

Portfolio No. 10 will Contain 

Military Parade on Dedication 

The Flowing Fountain and Sea 

The Farmers' Bridge. 
The Ceylon Building. 
Ceylon Tea Room — Woman's 

New Jersey State Building. 
New Jersey's Fine Pavilion. 
Michigan State Building. 

9. Indiana State Building. 

10. Foreign Buildings — Guata- 


1 1. Foreign Buildings — Venezuela. 

12. The Japanese Ho=o=den. 

13. Dedicating the Japanese 


14. The Krupp Building. 

15. The Mammoth Krupp Gun. 

16. The Spanish Princess Eulalia 

and Escort. 

The6e Photographic Views are the cream of the collection secured by the Government Photog- 
rapher for preservation in the archives at Washington. 

-.Jlection. of |enius, such an assembly of 

W} H, ' ghttogetb .randest civic event in history, known 

I I \N EXP0SI1 I " ; ' te of the Centuries," the wondrous ' 

never hop,. 
.,, .11 .. . ii iatdon; all thai > utiful, 

ution, design. future generation? 

that alone pr 
have been sadden 

p er i s ty 1 n .way. 

. secure and preserve for the people the fullei 

ght by the eye and preserved only by 
I i aeficial influ< a 

< this "Portfolio of Photographic Views" to furnish such 

..cure preservation. will be pre- 

! HE FAIR— artistic and industrial 

ies and Foreign Nations Pictures alone, ho- 
lie imparting of knowled 


. Lolly sent forth; su 

. , 
.itended the exhibition as a record of 

not see it. 




: Gov< 

1 the Foreign Legations, to inaugurate the World's Columbian Expi 
it the Auditorium; on Thursday the Civic Parade took place; on 
idoor assemblage; on Friday night Archbishop Ireland dedicated 

eated by their respective Governors. Millions of people were in the city, and the Ge 
Midway Plaisance, refused to let the soldiers come up town on grounds of prudenc 

iday the opei 

Wednesday ni^'lit the Ball oi Nations w. 

offered lo mankind the spectacle of its h 

York, Ohio and other State Buildings w( 

United States, then encamped at the wesi 

marching into Jackson Park on the moruiug of Friday, October 21, 1892. The advance is in front of the Transportation Building, and is about to wheel to 

road to the centre of the vast edifice. The old restaurant stands on the site of Festival Hall, and a temporary viaduct leads to the Horticultural Bridge. Boyb 

in place 011 the Transportation Building, and the Golden Door begins in the left foreground. 

ely, the gathering in Chicago of the 
veek beginning October 17, 1892. On 
ercises at the Manufactures Building 
Auxiliary, and on Saturday the New 
eral commanding the militia of the 
The picture represen s this militia 

i left i 

of State, which is out of sight at the left. It may be se< 

the i 


i forced . 

,11,. 1 the 

engines ill Machinery Hall furnished the reunited 

delight, was. by nil odds, the most satisfactory an 

Building. Just this side of it rises one of the Venetian coluiL 

Seasons. Four of his eagles are in sight, and on the piers 

Gauilcns' brazeu Diana, which came from the top ol Madison S'| 

graving gives a detailed view 

of the nort 

■ eastern a 

c of the basi 

surrounding the MacMounies Foutita 

ses. made n 

the form 

of the mythic 

1 hippocampus, and they drew the Bar 

ic cascade was iu three stage 

, of a single 

the base, and 

two triple terraces the rest of the way 

livity to create bubbles arid 


sprays added 

o the crystal beauty ol the scene. T 

cone in the cool of the aftern 

gathered to express their admiration a 

ig connected with the Expos 

ion. We gj 

/c through 

the spray upo 

i the northVest corner of the Agncultu 

ent. On th 

one of Martin 

v's Horoscope groups; near by, Martin 

e obtain a good distant view 

of one cac 

j of his b 

ovine and cqt 

ine groups. On the central dome is 

re Gardens. New York. 

"THE FARA1ERS' BRIDGE. "-This was the friendly sobriquet he 

stowed on tb 

Hall, on the south side of the Grand Basin. We have here in view 

a rostral coli 

either side of the pillar were the breaks or rostra of three vessels, a 

rostrum, a speaking place, or forum. We obtain a special view of £ 

io bright colors. In the pediment was a sculptural work of great 

beauty, repre 

seen, and their number was si^tv. Figures of eagles were added to 

the tiumerou 

served as a pedestal for the Four Horoscopes, or Races, ou the sunn 

lit. These m 

;he ' 

nay l 

the photr 
; desc 


■aph heiorc 

whKli led 1 

of Kept 

all i 

Venice, as Rtmie had done, testified he 
jrner of Agricultural Hall. Here wa. a Corinthian porch, protecting extensive mural painting; 
uting the shepherds, their flocks, and their dogs. The caryatides, called Abundance can be 
effigies, and groups of the Seasons sat, garlands iu hand, at the base of the pyramid thai 
it graceful figures are elsewhere illustrated in these photographs. They upheld the frame ol 
f balustrades and quay are here seen, as well as four of the casts of animals by Keineys and Proctor on the 

THE CEYLON BUILDINO.-On the 21st of February, 1893, during very cold weather, a part} 

of fifty-three Singhalese, or natives of Cevlon, arrived at Jackson Tark 

three hundred tons of material, and set at work, their priucipal labor being the erection of 
Singhalese bad ever before been outside of the tropics, and scarcely knew there was a world 

the characteristic pavilion which is portrayed in the engraving. None 
of ice. snow and storm, until their ill-clothed forms felt the piercing bl 
rying in March, and began their toil in Chicago. Beside their kiosks 

Lake Michigan. They were given a site on the lake shore, 1 erv beautiful in July, but very 

Woman s and Manufactures Buildings, they duly finished and opened this "Ceylon Court," wh 

forty-eight feet; the width of the central part was fifty feet. The doorw 

recalls, with astonishing force, the architecture of the Japanese, as seen c 
ention of Western commerce the teas, nutmeg, ebony, cinnamon, mace, 
the Singhalese made the most agreeable impressions on Americans. 

Wooded Island. It was the business of Commissioner Griiilinlon, of Ceylon, to bring to the at 
bair ornaments, and carvings of the celebrated island off Hindostan. Of all the Oriental races 


Mr. Grinlintou aud prepared not only its maiu build 
Manuiactures, aud Woman'., Buildings. Their hope wi 
There was the frugal hope, however, that the tea-salo< 
most elegant of these places of refreshment. It was b 
the display of luxur ous and beautiful furnishings. Tl 

the scent of sandal-wood, the carvel c ilings, well-lit 
won many of them over lo the use of the new brand. 

at the soulhet 

Chicago in the 

is little doubt thai 
■ aud that to which 

i electricity, aud, above all, the gentle dei 

ic, early in 1893, set resolutely at work under 
■e, but set up tea-booths in the Agricultural, 
Western Republic, and British interests were behind them. 
s hope was realized. The scene before us represents the 
Building, and at the foreground, inside the ropes, excels in 
general public was invited for the purpose of purchasing tea 
t on the other. The h ngngs of the entire room, the parlor, 
ie Sin 'h.ilese, endeared t e resort to tea-lovers, aud probably 

Nothing could be- more surprismj 
entrance with the luxury aud ele 

the i < 


of State houses, 
interior. Plain 

nice of its furnishings, and the stateliness of its occupants. Colored sen 
cas;s, to remind him that he was not of the elect, pianos, chairs, tables : 
hangings of richist silk, spoke of the wealth, pride, and exclusive spirit of the Htt'e State. The house it 
'he Revolutionary War, aud was the work of Charles A. Gilford, architect, of Newark. It « 
, A room was shown that was called Washington's bed-chamber n\t<\ dining-room, and a wine buffet w 
r display. There were rooms for the use of the women commissioners, rooms for the commission, parlt 
kers. The material was brought largely from New Jersey by James \V. Launiug, of Trenton, the 

,vliere a north and south avenue ran to the New \'..rk HuiMiug. 
latious from the street, the house startled the visitor" from its 
ints to lake the guest's card or lead him to the registry, silken 
ud sideboards of rosewood, with carpets of deepest velvet, and 
;elf reproduced the appearance of Washington's headquarters at 
is three stories high, and Si by 31 feet in area; the cost was 
is set with fine cut glassware, well in keepi g with the general 
rs, a large hall, with broad fire-place, and a whole story for the 

OHIO'S BUILDING.— The great Ionic columns c 
porch, and arrogated a dignity no log-cabin i 
lanterns and (airy lamps, and sitting by the niarg 
State displays were made within its walls. Tw 
Plaisance. President Mayes was deeply interested 
by Oliio, Michigan. Wihi-uiisiu and Indiana, and t 

the little Ohio Building recalled the em of circuit-riding lawyers and judges, when each 
uld deny. At some of the evening fcstivnls, however, particularly on Ohio Day, this 
i of the lagoons with their gondolas, presented a picture that caunot be forgotten. It wai 
e, at least, Governor McKinley visited it officially, and on those occasions it was the cer 
r opened. The Ohio Building stood next to the Ai 
; pla/a. It was designed by James McLaughlin, e 

mantels, tile roof, aud 
bear so heavily on the p 
confusion, aud, above all 

re were gifts from eiii/ens of Ohio. The cost w 
irse, but it should be recalled that the wages of 
onopoiy of Jackson Park, money lost its ordinary 


.ill i 

and clerks 

Iti, and the 
ister, should 
the hurry, 

THE MICHIGAN BUILDING.- Situated in close proximity to the Art Palace on the ot 
other a Moresque mission-house, both severe and simple in contour, the Gothic lit 
Wisconsin, Michigan and Colorado — were sharply criticised at the beginnine. when it 

the crowds grew to two hundred tho 

sand a day on the averag ■, th 



comfort reigned while Athens went 

>ack into the school-books and a 

delays at the overcrowded restaurant 

s, while within were great halls 

for even 

ing part 

gathered to the sound of festal music 

In the Muskeeon Room was a 

was an exhibit of State resources, am 

some of the collections made by 

the Unix 

in of the building. Stuffed 

uimals, a huge map of the State 

xhibits \ 

area, eighty by ninety feet. 

side and the California Building on the other, the one an Athenian temple and the 
of several of the structures of Western States -particularly in the homes of Indiana, 
; believed that the Exposition must depend largely on its artistic effects. But when 
ts of these hospitable State buildings proved the wisdom of their architects, and 
e on this spacious porcli the weary family could eat its food (ri'e from the vexatious 
es where the distinguished sous and beautiful daughters of the commonwealth often 
lc assembly-room on the second floor, a large pipe organ. On the second floor, also, 


■ third f 

> be i 

The t 

upi?d by t 

! M. L. Smith & Son, 

: Detrc 


INDIANA'S BUILDING.— Entering Jackson Park I 
California, ludiana, Illinois and Woman's Buildin 
and its remarkably spacious veranda* fronted ovei 
the nation could boast, and very great nniUitu !es 
Whitcomb Riley, Ge.ieral Lew Wallace, and the St; 
It would be ilnii. nil 
and 52 (eet wide at 

}0O feet of thonmg'-f.i 
-st'iubk'd —notably at 

, and 

1 of 

the pi a, 

in the ceii 
■ gathered I 

Iu this conspicuous place w 

dedication of the building, and again on Indiana Day, •:'! 

Many elegant receptions were held here, the halls being well ; 

the architecture of this building— the Spanish, Arabesque. Gothic, and Queen Anne all seeming to contribute fe 

, coming to the oval ending seen in the picture. The towers were 150 feet high. The first story was built of 

S oc 

to be bounded by the 
upied a triangular site, 

d to 

aident Harrison. James 
large social gatherings. 
tie site was 151 feet loug 

in jacl 

, but 

I \nr I 

: fort 

sito^ might, 
ed that tlie ai 

■ the 

the 1 

iited little or nothing of it. Even in tlie end, Italy and 
the Central and South American nations found it advisable to move in the matter, 
among the shade trees that had been spared to mitigate the 
between Costa Rica and Brazil. Like Spanish houses in gen 
main effects on the senses, and this spot, in the hot months 
Here, again, the red and green plumage of birds was the 

: near by, the Guatemalans sold coffee by the 

e!y and ^objectively, 

.1] ,!.■*. ,i 

mil! . 

the j 

nod i 

mi r,„,i 

ten, and the spaces had 1 

ler's heat The building of the Republic 

he architect looked to the open interior court 

one of the pleasanlest in Chicago, clearly dei 

tacle, and coffee was the staple exhibit. The hoi 
> and dispensed good music. Cost of building. 540,0 

■ating the lack 1 

troke, but was a gradual j 
r, and for this reason of delay, when 
assigned off the grand avenues and 
the southern shore of the north pond, 
nd pyramid of tropical plants, for his 


hundred and ele 



f the 


Ml. Ye I 

..■111 ha. 

inclemency of the weather. The enj 
eompaniou effigy showing Christopher 
that held thousands of scholars spe!l-t 
specimens of birds and animals, minei 

hi line with Brazil, Turkey. Sw 
iident Crispo secure in office, a 
of Mr. J. M. Larral'e and Dr. 

. the necessary funds and placed their affairs i 

ixhibita were collected and shipped, and the building was opened as soon as the other: 
ring shows the statue of General Bolivar which surmounted the east pavilion; on tL 
ilumbus. The flag carried by Pizarro during his siege on the rocks, and iu his conquest 
ad with memories of the adventurer's remarkable life. Prehistoric relics of still greater 
, spices, preserves, fine needlework, products of the native looms, coffee, and vegetables, 
rty-six by seventy-eight feet, and the cost 620,000. All the South American buildings we 

ooil the triple pavilic 

■ pointings, made up the c 

packages and timbc 

pounds, a company 
Ho-o-den, near Kio 



iot large 

over its lotus 




the impr 

st cordial lading for Japan instantly followed the official announcement that the Mikado, <k 
go, for use during the World's Fair, and for maintenance by Japan permanently, in conn 
most celebrated temple in Japan, the Ho-o-den, or house made like the Phoenix (bird). To carry » 
of his private fortune. At a banquet given by the Mayor of Chicago and the Commissioners, to 
il early in 1S92, a company of odd, merry and industrious Japanese artisans made their 
. on the Wooded Island were, thereafter, daily contrasted with the progress of Americans 01 
ot have been offered. While a dozen Japane e were working their little wooden pile-dri 

the lagoon 1 

It c. 

using 1 
be sa 

irches with a 


irly four hundred f 
,e builders caught llic 

> ion of 1893, a reproduction of the 
.he designs of the Emperor, the sum of 
. Tegima, the Commissioner for Japan, 
earance in Chicago, with innumerable 
e great Manufactures Building near by, 
which struck a blow of one hundred 
ed and twenty feet high. The original 
y of the ancient temple, which, poised 

Japan, id Jackson Park. Iu the pi 
right. The dome of the Illinois 1i 
of the little band of merry workii: 
i he employed by 

who lias superintended their 

shows the gathet 

10 erected the te 

-.-. U-.l Ihir .f..uv 

ickade. all of whic 

ud on the lapt-U of the 


livatv Secretary. The 
f Jackson l'ark, a gift 

of the Columbian Guards, st.i 
icogo Ho-o-den is not a brilliat 
ise would have been inclined n 
i the Mikado. 

bis hand iu h 

9 pocket enactly in the 

uction of the bea 

tiful temple in Japan, am 

faithful copy. A 

it is, the little buildings 

1893, to dedicate the Ho-o 

den, or Ph 

cenix Temple of 

tigs represent a bird with 

uded) , is at the 

an to disappear. In the (or 

id the members 

in a circle, that the wearc 

s have the 

honor and good 

rade marks and legends. T 

le Japanes 

of higher rank 

pcctacles and silk bat, n 

tral foreground. 

the veranda and facing T 

tomas O'N 

^ that modern workmcu ha 

e lost the 

mining of their 

o means unsightly, aud no 

v become a 

permanent part 

s to tne Exposition probably noted the building with many gothic s] 
:he Cafe de la Marine-and it may be taken as the leading example ol 
. ...oished wiUi lunch-comers, and the same concessionaire also conducted several eating-balls-notabl 5 i 
Building-but concessions were also sold to proprietors who built additional edifices to nil the park and these 

t,|, .1, 1, Man,,, ,o Victoria House at the lake shore. At the side of the Marine was the japans Tea House; next eastward was 
Inhsl, (..,!«; nest the "Banquet Half; next the Clam Bake, and lastly a soda pavilion When the Cafe -le l-i Mmn, wis in rour ■ 
TMrtol th* Manufactures facade and strained the cupolas of the Cafe\ The chief of construction condemned th. building; but, aft. 
ciimimiees the concessionaire was permitted to carry his picturesque house to completion, and it pro- 
banquets on its broad verandas, overlooking one of the finest scenes the eye could behold. 

on the grounds. The great buildings 
he Dairy Building and the Electricity 
all ranged in a line reaching from the 
the Swedish Cafe; next eastward the 

entirely worthy. Many clubs i 

THE KRUPP GUN EXHIBIT. —The interior of Herr Krupp's Building V 
of really great things. Here was truly a place where subjective or 
wonder. Au engineer might linger all day, to fiud his thoughts ever 
feet long, that weighs two hundred and forty-eight thousand pounds, o: 
lahor of getting that cannon from Essen. Germany, to Chicago was tl 
one which may be seen in this series of engravings lifting a sixty 
another pair was bridged together; then a longer span bridged the two 
projectile that weighs a ton, and the missile goes sixteen miles. A hal 
thick, through which a twelve inch shot had been projected, cracking I 

■ httlu 

le hundred and t 

lie prodigie 

marvel of modern 

e ton locomotive 

ir together, and thereon tl 
u of powder is used, and tl 
plate and throwing the upp 

ire surrounded him. The engraving shows the gun eighty-seven 
is the longest and largest, yet not overwhelmingly so. The 
Hamburg and at Baltimore great cranes were used, such as the 
flat-cars was built — that is, two flat-cars were bridged together; 
i rested, having eight railroad trucks under it. This gun fires a 
f the charge is 81,250. Near by was a steel plate sixteen inches 
■ half an inch awry. The steamship forgings were as wonderful 

^itigftS' - = s 

npHE ial Art Portfolii lie reproduction the entire 

Exposition within les— a picti 

nduring torn' 

id beneficial than any of the miracles of the electrician. The series 

ierial Poi iews each, 256 In all. PI ttering Domes, Min- 

lificent Arcadf 

Palaces and Tern pi Panoramic Landsca Photographs of the Exhibits of the 

United States Government ; of Forty States and Seven Territories ; of Fifty Nations and Thirty-Sever. 

Colonies; showing the o'l human endeavor in tl realm of Art, Industry, Science 

and Learning. Pi ^' nes : 

its Foreign Villages, Mosques, Kiosks, Pagoda . Hindoo Ji ike-Charmers and 

Oriental Dancers. In fact, no her in picture or story, which would serve to 

I air. As the Columbian Exposition passes 
into historv the fittest, most endurin 

ful memento for individual pi id study. 

i you are pleased with these Portfolios show them to your friends and call their atten- 
tion to the rare opportunity offered to secure them. 


Will also be devoted to Midway Plaisance Views— these having 
proved extremely popular in Portfolio No. o. The list has been 
carefully chosen with the special object of portraying the varied 
types and nationalities which, during the Exposition, lent life 
and color to the famous "Highway of Nations." The issue will 
therefore, it is thought, surpass in interest all which have pre- 
ceded, and will form an important integral part of the entire series. 

These Photographic Views are the cream of the collection secured by the Government Photog 
rapher for preservation in the archives at Washing 


fgjvEVEH. 'I. i in ii dawn oi -n such a collection. of genius, such an 

*• / the Mast©] Spirited th ,vorld as thai I ight together by the . history, known 

as THE WORLD EXPOSITION Here was i Spectacl. oi Hie Centuries," the wondrous 

beauties of 'which of tin eaj th. o ..." uov 1 1 ■ Lng may never hope 

iig] ■ 11 that ' strange, beautiful 

' I ' ■ 1 1 e ' m ■ i i ' ■ 1 1 1 1 . i • , . 1 1 . i i . 

mulat> this and i re generation 

to greater an' ) 

I" orite .1., uganci thai iloi 

this "Mira hoi I - and hundreds oi theus; u Idened by the thou 

of its ephi r J chai i«tei '■'■■■ heir admira 

tion and regret. been admired by n verential mill 

will fade Lsten© Ml i h .- iful for reality may be i,zed 

ilonnadi md Perisl ris] Obelisk and Dorm i must pa is i i i 

The qu i people the fullest and t ] ermaneni resuli 

from tl know how quiekb mi ' i i iye and preserved only by 

the memo] reat as the be if this gram le 


11 '■-' ' ' ..... . ptaci . ,,, , 

inoe portabl . , 


is well 

d • 

i i i ■ ; , i i 
what the 

Lents of b 

'■■■ i . . i| . 

hit rubes, rid • 

THE BEDOUIN CHIEF AND FAMILY.-We here have photographs of the family of Kahlil Sarkees, editor of Ltc Sam el Hat, a Syrian newspaper, who managed the Wild 
East entertainment which after many tribulations, found a haven in Midway Plaisance toward the end of the summer. The baby was born in Chicago, and was christened 

"Chicago Columbus." This picture is most instructive, recalling to riders ..( thv Hil.k- the ,M".i I <b< H.d> l-.-.,d. nhich have c 

who should thus apparel the Blessed Virgin and the Child would, without douljt. rca h .1 high .l.-i.. .>i ln-.t.iruul .ui.ur.ay. I Ik 
yellow boots of sheepskin, and silken turbans. They were loaded with arms in a cumbrous aud perhaps l.mciful m.ttim." « 
funnel -muzzled flint-lock pistols hanging to chains. These they did not discard, although self-cocking cartridge- carrying reyi 
small sums of money. In addition they carried loug carbines and various dirks, withal creating a distinct sense ol swashbucklii 
they were expert with cutlass and shield. One of the party offered to wager a beautiful Arabian steed that he could behead an 
partial failure in public appreciation the Chief went home to Syria very much out cf humor with Americans. 

zutlassvs, as he 

her foot forward, the datuvr mil im-u In ' -IiouMit-. up ami down, inci 

from Uuir couclt awl Like lnr place, nr join her, waviug long strip 
performances with anything '">i horror, nnd at one lime it was n mat 
reproduced, <>r the morals ol the public f.iitlifully protected. All Asiali 


left, they now mos 

undoubtedly the ■ 



nl whereas, dancing began by movements of the body rntlier than the lower hinl.-. 
gaze on her rendition of the act by which John the Baptist lost hi- bead, tliej 
i Western Black Crook amazons would be instantly suppressed. Notwithstanding 
though thousands went to sec it, they did not go often, for the music was loo irritati 

VFE CHANTANT. The change from a study of the Cairo girl mid her frightful 
ftirui-hi-d t.v feminine youth. Only Darwin could exp.ili.ite impartially on these va 
the flu- Line cm the south side, near the Bedouins. 

CHINESE BEAUTY. -The picture at the left is n photogra 

to feast their eyes cm Hie loveliness of Asia ami select the fa: 
in her chair, oblivious of the indifference with which the i 
minstrel boards, retains the influences of a time when the hi 
the left impersonated a woman in the gonu - pounding play 


of "God in Heaven," at the Midway Temple, a 
customary haunts in the laundries of South Oar] 

null interest in the business, for she was often seen fast asleep 
r way to Fatma's Sultanic bower at the north end of the room, 
t still remains that the stage of China, like our own negro 
; not allowed to take part as actors. The man photographed at 
id by the shaking of the flaps on his cap, and the imitation of 
< street. The music of the Chinese, however, hurled them into 

THE PRIDE OF THE DESERT.— We have here a beautiful Nubian youth. 
delight of Ethiopian poets and the despair of maidens of the Upper Nile. The 
Nor should it be thought that this youth of eighteen years must not support h 
of religion and patriotism have made the desert* .1 hind of death, 
ringlets are made possible by the lavish use of cocoanut oil. Mohammed A 1 i 

for perhaps five thousand 

il.l elle.l 


ylindrii'al ' 

the deserts of African Koosli have produced (or the 
iitned AH. of the Nubian troupe in the Street of Cairo. 

r is showu in the engraving, and the plaits and fine 
le his encounters with the sword and crooked stick, he 
.ileu with the fingers and palm of one hand. 
Madame Ro^.o 3 Cafe" Cbantant, in Paris. Her dance 


Till ULlMIl in> I'm, 

(Mvni-r>lii|) haw kvjit ilu l.ncil >i( Arabian horse* |.u 

l-1 (hat UiniiL'li i 

JUL l-liVIMUN 111! IDA! \i ::-.. ... <:,. [;,:.•-.:, ... i 

ntiis during Hie 

"Alia good bum-hum!" The camels of Cairo Street were lake.. ..way fro... (heir am..le..r riders long enough t.. n.rry .... the weddme, parade. .11.. I t»» ..I ll.e Leasts carried 
huge howilnhs 011 their backs. Seated it. one of these frames on high was the hriile. dressed tti white, her I i p^ cheeks brilliantly painted, .....I a veil partly concealing 
her eyes. She waved a scimitar and screamed, and with her cries drummer ponudetl his kettles the harder. 

THE TROUPE OF SOUDANESE— The engraving rr 
their tent near the Temple of J.usor. The two yo.ti 
on the right. Mohammed Ali. a youth of eighteen yi 
The men at the ends of the line are trained wai 
their hope that these comely youths will anon h 
held on their left arms, these swordsmen attempted 
with great force, and, in the heat of the combat, 
please the party best when Mohammed Ali was hit. 
vigorous uud exciting. The party made a few excursie 

iresents the troupe of Nubians that made a part of the co 
g ineu who arc saluting for the encounter were greatly adinii 
irs, is regarded with so much pride by the tribe In- -<y 
■iors and fanatics, whose spears broke through the hollow 
ke rank with their elders as upholders ol the Prophet am 
o wound the feet or disarrange the carefully plaited hair ol 
and under the taunts which were a part of the battle, the 
After they had been separated by their elders, a combat 
is to the shopping districts of Chicago, and returned to Asso 

ipany in Caiio Street, and gave separate entertainments in 
:t\ on account of their personal beauty; and the combatant 
rate portrait will form a part of this collection of pictures. 
squares of the British iti the war with Mahdi, and it is 

terrors of the desert. With a shield of elephant's hide 
the enemy. The swords would strike the opposing shields 

weapons would fly with dazzling rapidity, it seeming to 
,'ith crooked sticks would follow, and this was even more 
an before the end of the Fair. 

Park at Wentworth aveuue and Thirty 
were at Wentworth aveime the school 
neck. The Miss (lushed it haughtily ' 

and again, until Midway was agog « 
in the daily press, with learned disq 
courtship, when Miss Ratiucy seems 

tli street ; thence they reuio\ 
Is looked in upon the party 

news of nn engagement < 
itions on the Nedj. She 
have added to the attra 


i the 

refused the 
in - law- to -h 

ig Nojcp Far esse, noting the good looks of Miss 
clared she had smiled on him, and stood bravely hy his opi 
marriage. The mother of the girl made uo objection, ami t 
:anied to ride the camel and adopted the costume of the Syi 
ions of the exhibition. On the 9th of January, 1894, Nojej 
:euse on the ground that Xoji-n was but twenty years old. i 
anil the document was issued. The pair went to Syria. 

i was thereupon printed 
ivs the pair during their 
r a license to marry his 
(Jut the bride's mother 


iu the Govcn 

on tlic 3rd of 

ried the 

, |,,u till r.i;h tltu »l. .1 

form "of it 

highly developed 


to.i had i.vererniie Melaafi al home. It w, 
nlulu could pound liis hollow log and g 
the troupe, and by her side Lola, the sing 

I'etoai li 
ably learn 

(1 a little daughter 
d from the Catholi 

; "m\''l^ 

le dressed in stylish American fashion. '1 
iries. The lute John F. Unllnntyne, of CI 


the Bull Apis, and (lie oots, drums ami priests of I 
scene. Hen-, while the public might he awestruck 
latticed palaces, a lively tight between two Kgvptiai 
guileless public rode the camel in the exact iiifiniie 




of the 


camels with howdahs, holding the bride; ( 

.atch this procession from the heights of the V 

Ra. Mout, and Chons, the man in the cars of the wli 

:en the Wedding Processions, when tt 

was interesting 

: possession ol a go 
Why this should 


h his 


ere, after 

s of ce 

se ai 

d fell 

of these 



red, the 
ain and 

the square \ 

on Id go 



i the 



bore almost exactly the facia 
from the viaduct of the III 

the 1 

Ik-ring Arabs were paid enough i 
pit, if they he ever caught ere 
nnt emancipate the race from cat 
011 the faces of the Hindoos, an 
mce of our juggler. He was or 
itral Railway. This "Sahib" los 

later, of Mr. Byrne, ns Receiver. By the 
get them back on the Nedj, where, it is said, all 
of Bedouin women in the upper classes, and may 

from the sale of Arabian horses and animals 
the Arabian Desert. We elsewhere show picti 
1 class differences. 

isiou of reserved pride, and the celebrated Maharajah of Kapurthala, who wi 
several who had their little house in a conspicuous position at the northern 
eby coming to Chicago, but as Mohammedan i sin is gaining ground in Iudii 

not pay. 

at the Fair, 
to the Street 
! English are 

SINGHALESE WOMAN. -Lady Havelocfc lias the ere. 
be associated on the roll of honor with the Couples 
ethnological feature of the Fair. It was through the a 
enabled to make the extraordinary displays of the Asi 
dressed woman before us at the left served Ceylon tea 
mem at her ear and nose ornaments, supposing she con I 
like a cup of tea. Her sad expression may be noted— th 
BEDOUIN WOMAN. -The Arabians furnish all manner 
in the latter class, as may be seen by her jewels, She i 

t of bringing the World's Columbian Exposition to the favorable attention 

af the native wo 

man of Cevlon and may 

of Aberdeen, whose active personal efforts made the Irish Village of Bl: 

of Lady Havelock that j. J. Gnnlmton, member of the Legislative Coutici 

and Frank Pre 

ic Island in the Ceylon Court, in the Woman's, in the Manufactures, and 

n the Agricultnr 

il Buildings. The richly 

o express their astonish- 

not understand what they were saying, when she would very politely ask 

them, in perfec 

English, if they would 

result of ages of a religion that teaches self- abnegation in defiance of hunt a 

f people, from the robber tribes to the highly civilized, and the Bedouin won 

au depicted on 

the wife of a well-to-do Syrian, who came with the Wild East entertainuien 

to the World's 


THE TALL ALGERIAN. "Papa Ganon." a celebrity on 3 
brought to Chicago, for the Algerian Theatre, the prettiest w.ri 
on the 25th 0/ April, rs.,-,. nntl the parlj ol forty-five, man 
Midway 1'laisance, th.hU- a ttirring scene. Tin- Ussoire it 
spells on the colored waiters ..l Chicago in n «.iy Hi it caused 

but when it was found that the public preferred to pntroi 
handsome young mail lure seen went over to the Beauty 

dancers making a w-ry ^r.nx'lnl ami |>lcasi)i;_i appearance. 

dances of of t 

museum 0/ the customs, industries, arts and amusements of ih<- land of t 

an ca/is c/iantaitls, the worthy features of the concession fell into ueglect; and the 

>f the great room. l<> various kinds of music, he hourly performed as an Oriental 

~ - F § \ f i I" = ;: 

THE plan of these Educational An Portfolios is to present in beautiful photographic reproduction the entire 
Exposition with in a reasonable space. To catch the picture ere it vanishes a picture of the sum. 
•total of civilization's achievements -and transfix it in enduring form upon the printed page, are marvels 
of modern magic no less grand and beneficial than any of the miracles of the electrician. The series 
consist- of 1 6 Serial Portfolios of 1 6 views each, 2j6 in all. Photograph , of gilded, glittering Domes, Min- 
arets, Towers and Pinnacles ; magnificent Arcades, Fountains, Statuary and Paintings : superb Pavilions, 
Palaces and Temples ; and splendid Panoramic Landscape Effects; Photographs of the Exhibits of the 
United States Government; of Forty States and Seven Territories; of Fifty N ttion in I Thirty-Seven 
Colonies: showing the best fruits of human endeavor in the whole realm of Art, Industry, Si 
and Learning. Photographs of the famous Midway Plaisance ; its strange people and fantastic s. 
its Foreign Villages, Mosques, Kiosks, Pagodas, Menageries, Hindoo lu harmers and 

Oriental Dancers. In fact, nothing ha been omitted, either in picture or story, /hich 

, the same impression as an actual visit to the great Fair. As th 
into history we present this Portfolio of its I the fittest, most enduring and most beauti- 

ful memento for individual possession and 

pleased wltl 

tlon to the rare opportunity of 

ur friends and call their atten- 
to secure them. 

Portfolio No. 12 will Contain 

1 4- 

1 5 ' 

The U. S. Government Building. 
The East Indian Building. 
Interior of East Indian Building. 
The Picturesque Idaho Building. 
Building of the Ottoman Empire. 
The Battleship Illinois. 
The Whaleback Steamship. 
The Massachusetts Building. 
The Wisconsin Building. 

io. The U. S. Government Light= 
house Exhibit 

1 1. Quaint Exhibit of the Javanese. 

12. The Elephant's Hide. 

(The Lai-v 

13. The Great Siberian Mammoth. 

14. Rescue of the Greely Survivors. 

15. Panorama of the Greely Expedi= 


16. The Great Yerkes Telescope.. 

fhese Photographic Views are the cream 

■.secured by the Government Photog- 
ot Washington. 

,.;qii &J 



.■ith til- 

ill peril. ip 

held that these tw( 

but the Government Build in{ 

the display of such .1 number 

D. C.j and had it not stood 

elegant pavilions with pylon 

pediments. It w;is crowded all slimmer, the people fully appreciating 

and the Pish Commission to impart instruction and afford a high order 

hundred and seventy-five feet high. Cost, $325,000. 

m clear, were prejudicial to the appear. mix <i 
expensive undertaking of its kind connecter 
never again be seen together. The building 
inple Greek examples, would have created 
Inch were placed groups of sculpture represe 

: effoi 

of the 

laiiy critics, who admired the Art Palace further north. It was 
the great Greek Temple which held the pictures of the world; 
with any of the universal expositions, and it was dedicated to 
raa the work of Windrim & Edbrooke, architects, of Washington, 

strong sense of satisfaction in every beholder, for it had many 
ting Liberty, by Waagen, and bronze eagles at each of the four 

THE EAST INDIAN BUILDINd. Tins beautiful structure stood near the northern terminal ol the Intramural Railw 

Government in Hindostan, idtbongh tin- empire failed to arrange (or ,111 official representative. Here tilt visitor saw the tr 

as developed in the Golden Doorway ol the Transportation Building further southward on the grounds, and it 

praise of its poets, nor should it be forgotten that golden doorways are (or tropical climates, and ill -fitted t 

the Indian Building were striking and harmonious; the celebrated Taj Mahal at Agra having served as an ext 

sixty feet, and its main room was surrounded with a gallery in which goods were displayed. The main eutranc 

rose from the comers of the edifice. Under the por;al was a wide space, making a hemicycle similar to th< 

Building, which cost $15,000, was built as a bazaar in which Mr. S. J. Tcllery, one of the leading East Indian traders, was to 

native rulers of Hyderabad, Joodpoor, Patteeala, Kapoorthella, Mahoor, Jheend, Kerowlee and Kuteh. The building was redolent 

tea and waited on customers were handsome and oolite. 

annot be denied that the . 
the bitter blasts and frost; 
iple to the builder. 
was through a lofty arch surinou 
Mie at the south end of the Elecl 

e expense of the British 
tation in architecture such 

oration was worthy of the 
1 America. The colors on 
pas rectangular, eighty by 
:d by minarets which also 
ity Building. The Indian 
f the 

who i 





r en 

graving tru 



s the i 


1 d 

f the scene 


the d 

lithe and well-bred 


of the Hin 

idols th. 

ested the e> 

v, prokilih 

and wished for. Her 

ugh p 

gold, s 


ollection of 

ng the 

cloths that 


ed were 

the printe 

id h. ind- in 


•1 Rahoou, the tiusel musli 



hi, the ch 


f Jeypoor am 


jdpoor, the g 



misliii of 


sacrificial thread 


ahmius at Bignor. Ir 

splay ^ 

as equ 


rings from 

cy aud 


n fifty to 

:tiots l 

One ca 

le inch. 


i do 

ways closely c 



h visitor 

. wl 

ink tea 

ind chatU-d v 

pieces of sandal 

1 and i 

nore costly articles to 



visited to 


e. The 





a success 



chant o 

make permanent 



ts for trade in Amenc 

THE IDAHO BUILDING. -This picturesque 
It was built entirely of native malt-rials, and was a lo 
stained to reproduce the effects of age, and llie posture 
consent, tbe name o( being the handsomest log house 

stood on tin 

north line of Jackson Park, over a n 

lower and upper balcony, together with modillions 
ected. It was, in fact, purchased at a good price, 

and a half from the Forestry Building, which it recalled. 
ek. The timbers were from young cedar trees, stuffed and 
logs upholding a projecting roof, secured for it, by general 
be hereafter used as a summer near a Northern 

i celebrated chimney-corner will repeat its conquests of 1893. Tbe sbaki 
gales. Tbe arched stone entrance seen in tbe picture opened into a large room, at the end 
floor, where the windows were glazed with mica. This floor was divided between the men am 
to the experienced persons who should enter. The men's lire -place was of lava, and tli 

tomahawks and other Indian appurtenances were typified in the furniture. The third floor was 

: held in place with heavy rocks, and withstood the great Chicago 
as a stick fire - place with log mantel. Stairways led to the second 
1 each room was decorated with a view of recalling mining scenes 

, for receptious. 

THE OTTOMAN PAVILION. It was officially a 

the Ottoman Empire, a land of three continents, consented to make 
transported ti> Chicago, the pauels ami sections of Hi 
architect was a fountain near the Bahi-IIitinagoou, in Constantinople. 
1730." The characteristics of the pavilion were its outreachiug rool 
traceries. These pjnels at the end of the Fair were shipped back 
Consul -General for the Ottoman Empire, in the name of Hakki Bey a 
of the Turkish couutries, very largely silk and needle work, gold 
contained a carpeted, tapestried ami tufted chamber, euriched with dii 

not less eager interest to the Unii 
exposed to the closest public seni 
conceived by Commodore R. W. ] 
thousand three hundred Ion coast-1 
in reality would violate a treaty w 
destroy almost anything of oidinar 

i of ■ 

I guu 

northern pier, where a ship of war modeled on the latest patterns 
shows the structure of brick, built on the bottom ol the lake, an 
he implements of human slaughter. Thus built, it was a full-size 
ndiaua, and Oregon of our navy, and if no mistake be made, the ere 
1 guns seen on this vessel were of wood, but there were enough ma 
within a distauce ol three miles. A nearer view of the upper deck 
ech-loaders; twenty six-pounders; six one-pounders, two Gatlings ar 
hs. The length was over three hundred and forty-eight feet; greatest 

a, 1 opted 

by the Navy Department, was 

1 Simula 

tug a man-of-war, which was 

d mode 

, above water-line, of the ten 

atiou of 

such a ship in Lake Michigan 

i board which were genuine to 

d six to 

pedo guns. The interior was 


lxty-nine feet; conning tower. 

THE WMALEBACK STEAMSHIP.— Among the novelties of tl 
torpedo -shaped hull which is three hundred aud sixty -two 
deck, a structure ou which the passengers ride, aud the wa 
and thirty tous of water as ballast, in nine compartments. 
whaleback idea had been in use (or freight steamers, and 
serve the Henry steamboat monopoly, which secured the pr 
was highly beneficial, resulting in a fine viaduct and wharf 
pitsseuger will be seriously disturbed, and ou one trip from 
the docks. The Columbus arrived in Chicago, May iStli, 1893, 

. the pre 




■ double 

i£ the people. The while steel cylinder ur bull holds s 
r-e- power propel the craft at a speed of twenty miles an hour. The 
Alexander MacDougal. The Columbus was built at West Superior to 
1 Van B tire n to Sixty -fourth street. The operation of this monopoly 
delightful trip. It may be seen, however, that ou a rolling sea the 
aud fifteen of them .null mil l,e liniiiedi.dely removed 011 reaching 

THE MASSACHUSETTS BUILDING. -Thi* reproduction of the ancie 
restored by Peabody & Steams, architects, of Boston, at a cost of ?so,c 
toward the lake. Before and beside it at a considerable distance, was a 
of its entrances there was a porch with upper veranda, and in front til 
but this grandeur disappeared on reaching the interior, where every roi 
observatory mounted the quaint structure, and on its flag-staff an aristoc 
tographs of great historic interest. The portrait of the greai 
loaned to the Exposition. I 

Revolutionary Fatln 

authors, the desk of George Washi 

books brought in the Mayflower or printed by the Purit; 

t resilience of the rich and patriotic John Han.oel 
x>. It was placed prominently on the avenue of c 

:re was some semblance of architectural ambition ii 
in was low and little, with three stories, which wer 
atic and golden cod-fish told which way the social v> 

Samuel Adams hart a justly honorable anil cou-.pi. uo 
opies of charters by King Charles, great seals and 1 



i way of Corinthian columns and pert i in 
1 no higher than the outside pediment, 
blew in Boston. The rooms were filled 1 
lace, and antique paintings of all the Yat 
bezels, autographs of the Boston poets 

utile a lai 

the wedding-dress of Mrs. Governor Bradford, 

WISCONSIN'S BUILDING. -The ({roup of buildings which represented the States around Chicago, if taken together, seemed to have lost a distinctive character; especially 
when contrasted with the monk ■ houses of the Spanish settlements and the temples of Athens, where kaleidoscopic houses seemed to have been built without plan, with here 
a veranda, and there a tower or cupola as the builder had found material or time. This was the appearance ol the group, but i( we considered any single example, it was 
evident that the architect has followed a fashion that has met great favor since the advent of Queen Anne ideas. The Wisconsin structure, which is here portrayed, was in a 
style highly favored on the great boulevards of Chicago, and its lower story was constructed with great regard (or the scrutiny which it was destined to meet. Here were to 
be noted the brown stone, granite and terra-cotta of which the commonwealth is so proud, and in the upper stories the work was done in the prodl 
mills, whose din is not yet over although their output is decreasing. On this modern mansion, the architect, Lillian Voters, of Oshkosh. expended S3o,oc 
glass window put in by Superior City, which cost S6.000, and there was also an art exhibit. A framed history of the 
in Wisconsin woods was admired by all. The width of the spacious porches on each front was 
it fronted the North Lagoon. 

■ hundred feet, and the ho 

1 fifty feet deep. 


alcove of the Treasury Department, southwest, and adjoining the beautiful rotunda of the 

riucipal feature was a model of the lighthouses built on the Spectacle Reef, at the northern end 
1 on Western rivers. Near by on the right is a model of the gas buoy, and on the same table 
ichored, in order that, however rough the weather, they may retain a nearly upright position in 
;ht be seen in the actual lighthouse and life-saving exhibit which was established east of the 
and crew, and many bnoys of various kinds. On the walls of the alcove are the portraits of 

-, War and Justice. It is from these pictures that the eugravers li ive taken the likenesses foe 

while the low » 

taking two years to feci 
polishing leather by H; 
hide may perhaps be- called the chief object o( popnl 

In the north cud of the main floor of the Shoe and Leather Building at 
uviug. It will be seeu that the bide exteuds well around on the other sid< 
uieuce, is here copied: "Elephant Hide— lite largest in the world; green 
Length from tip of trunk to end of tail, twenty feet; greatest width, sixt 
treet. New York City." The tail may be seen 

iterest ill the Shoe and Leather Building, aud it happened that the next most intere 
□le. and discoursed by pantomime on the comity of nations, the decline of philosophy, th 
, aud the want of respect for old age, as shown by the youug, all emphasized by nod 

Park, the hide of a 

n African elephant was displayed in 

post and partitions 

On the board or sign was the folio 

eight hundred pou 

ids; tanned weig-ht, five hundred pou 

greatest thickness 

three inches. This bide was taniiet 

tig along the beam, 

and the trunk extends up the post. 


Petersburg, where tin.- remain 
Lena, in northern Siberia. B\ 
as the rovertugs of the fram 

center of the south gallery of the Anthropological liuiMin 
Is. This was a theoretical, but scientific reproduction of the largest anin 
is construction was Doctor L. Martin, an experienced German preparator. His measurements were tf 
Museum at Stuttgart, Germany. With an animal thus proportioned as to bones, the operator next vis 
of that most remarkable of all mammoths are preserved. This tropical animal was found in 1709, 
neaus of the great and perpetual cold the flesh and hair of the creature had been kept intact, and the: 
vork obtained in the other way, completed. The structure measures twenty-two feet in length as it ! 
x feet long. The model, as reproduced, differs in the features from the elephant of the present day 
isive souvenir of the past. It was surrounded ' y specimens fully as astonishing. 

RESCUE OF THE GREELY SURVIVORS. -Southeast of the rotunda of the Government Building, and closely adjoining, was a panorama, with painted scenery, lay figures 
and modeled landscape, illustrating the closing events, of the ill-fated Greely expedition to the Arctic regions. At oue side of this stirring representation was the framed 
painting which is portrayed in the engraving. This shows the rescue, which is probably the most remarkable episode of its kind in history. As may he seen, the few 
survivors are within hut a few hours of death by starvation, after trials and privations which were carefully suppressed from the public reports. Lieutenant Adolplms W. 
Greely, who was in command of the expedition, was born in the whaling town of Newburyport. Mass., iu 1844, and came naturally by his interest ill the Arctic seas. He 
served in the American Civil War for (our years, and became a Captain, afterwards entering the regular army as a Lieutenant, and becoming an officer of the Signal Service, 
which made this exhibit. In 1881 be was placed iu command of the Lady Franklin Bay expedition to Northern Greenland, and when it had become evident that Greely was 
in danger, the Government lilted out a relief expedition with steamers of the navy, and reached the sufferers in the manner made historical by this painting. Lieutenant 
Greely recovered and added much to the literature of the Arctic seas. 

PANORAMA OF THE GREELY EXPEDITION.— Southeast of the rotunda in the Government Building, and cl< 
Panorama erected by the sigual bureau of the War Department. This white scene was perhaps the most strikii 
United States opened at the World's Fair. The exhibit was built in the manner made familiar to residents of ci 
and actual properties take stated positions before the painting, and become au inseparable portion of the scent 
welcoming back to camp the subordinate officers of his expedition who have plauted the American flag at the hi 
shaking hands, and Sergeant Braiuard is in the rear. An Esquimau* 
painting showing the awesome cape as it extends into the sea, the no 
nortluuost polar breeze, and a boot leg was *hown from which tin- -urv, 
formed a part of the display. The icebergs built before the large canvai 

. discovered land. On tl 
soup during the last da; 

he figures. Near by is a large 
;. Grcely, that was flung to the 
xpediliou of Sir John Franklin 



: 'I Portfolios of l6vi 

Panoramic I 



If you are pleased with these Portfolios show them to your friends and call their atten- 
tion to the rare opportunity offered to secure them. 

mmm f 



Will present a list of views surpassing any issue which has yet 
appeared. From the outset the intention has been honestly 
expressed, and the promise confidently given, to make each 
number superior in every way, if possible, to its predecessors. 
With this fixed purpose in view, special effort has been devoted 
to the choice of subjects, to the descriptive portions, and to the 
mechanical execution in Number 13. It will, therefore, be pre- 
sented with full belief that its high general excellence will make 
a particularly strong appeal in all of the above directions. 


These Photographic Views are the cream of the collection secured by the Government Photog- 



by water, and the object of its creator, in 
of the Peristyle and South Colonnade, ert 
development of modern architectural ideas 
pediment into which the sculptor has pi 
inscription in the Exposition. The carya 
statues, he was solicited to give his aid t 
surmounting the dome, was soon removed 

■ the moderated dome simulating the early treotm 

1 "Art"; but such was the noble influence of 
seen, are by Martiny, for after the rapidity and 

Here he did not catch the spirit of the sylva 
y. The statue on the stairway, by 01 Ui L. Warue 

eh ent 


of the world. It was approach 

. Mr. C. H. Atwood, the archill 

and dome in accordance with t 

re, and the small tympanum of I 

■erliaps the only highly impressi 

with which he 

had con 

ered the Agricultural Building \n 


r did not hav 

leadway, since his winged Victor 


icwhat s ligures. The lions were ma 

THE FIRST PAIR OF EAR-RINGS. -This humorous marble group of Cipriano Folguras stood in the Spanish Building on the lake shore in Jackson Park, and was loaned by 
the National Museum of Painting and Sculpture at Madrid. The practice of wearing rings in the ears of males has long been abandoned in English speaking countries, but 
obtains in Southern countries, where the bright sun is more trying to the eyes. It is the common belief that the piercing of the ears protects or strengthens the vision. 
Within a few years fashion has earnestly striven to abolish the use of ear-rings, even by women, but with little success. The earliest people known to history wore these 
ornaments, and beautiful examples are found in the Egyptian tombs. 

THE FISHERS CAUGHT.— This was a group in plaster by Anicito Marinas y Garcia, of Segovia, Spain, and stood in the Spanish Art Exhibit at the Art Palace, west court. 
The smaller of the two brothers is represented as falling in the toils of a devil -fish, from which the larger boy strives to effect a rescue. The humorous statue pleases greater 
numbers of people than do;s more reputable work in marble, but it may be questioned if marble should be put to such use. Yet of the two groups here portrayed, the one at 
sctive about it— something of dignity goes with the resolute dames that Raphael secured for his peasant niadrones. 

the left has 'oiiK-Uiii 

THE COLUMBUS QUADRIGA. - Tins group of sculpture in staff stood on the an 
8th, 1894, when the eastern end of the Court of Honor was destroyed. It was 
heroic horses and bulls for the basin were made by those collaborating sculptors 
that the Quadriga rivaled the Republic, and vice versa, lose force, because till 
A close view of the uroiip is here afforded, with this exception, namely, that in ; 
appeared at the sides of the rear of the car two mounted couriers who supported 


II- K.llC i 

In its composition the c 
same sculptor placed the 
ildition to the four horse 
standards of victory such 1 
3 maidens, who also led 
oved from the eye, its sizt 

and three human Inures plainly seen in 
S (ire usually held by the central i-ffitfy in sue 
wo attendant steeds. This group cost £15,000. 
initfht have heeii increased with tfond effect. 


It gives the color of the Northern 

Russia religious sentiment and pati 

knowledge of Russia, which must 

considered. We learned of their leather, furs, iron, cordials, mosaic- work, and goldsmith 

weeks the Uneff Russian Choir went through the ceremonies and songs of a Russian V 

these stately dames. This rite in Russia is far older than their Christianity. The cele 

groom in the painting has entered too soon, or perhaps made a forcible entry in tokeu of pagan 

d on 


i Sectic 


: Pale 

the bride to the church, 

,e weight of garments, the solemnity of formula, the respect felt for luxury and wealth, and withal the power of religion, for 

e joined in one thought. No other result of the World's Fair was more striking than the advances made by Americans in tl 

the student as the greatest of mitious if the oneness of its people, the extent of their country, and the force of their habits 1 

11 of which it seemed that they had no rivals, and at Festival Hall for sever 

giving to the rite the same importance that is indicated in the rich attire 

is at the borne of the bride's parents, where the marriage is performed. Tl 

The people are the groom's people, and together they will car 

ug the barbaric idea of capture 


; the i 

. Jacl 

highest point paw 

chapter, yet all uncoil scions of the i 
master's band, and the solemnity of a 
pleasant scene, and unremitting toil hi 

■amp them down ii 

The lad beside t 

o points dismally 

ks small beside the growing 

The ducks take a sly look 
-eve, probably in its earliest 

but he will 

1Mb BISMARCK COLLECTION.— Rut a sliort distauce within Hie iron fence that served as Hie facade of 
Building, stood tin.- great Tor. clain Torch, and aliout it, on three sides were cases, such ns the one seen in the < 
was the attractive title which drew people of all nations to these quarters, hut there were few cases which hi 
well as in the one that stood directly in front of the Porcelain Porch, the articles were principally those which 
he ruled the destinies of bathcrlaud under the old Kaiser. These were usually pieces in silver offered as sou 
officers, and frequently bore inscription.- e\|>ressivc of the veneration in which the recipient was held. Thei 
bestowed ou the old Kaiser, ou Von Mollke, and on Kaiser Wilhelm II.. the present monarch. Some of tli 
embellished with the erowu ami shield of Germany in jewels and enamels, showing the highest perfection < 
decorative and ornamental. Tile view representing the [iisniarek collection has now in added interest owing to I 

CLPirVS CAPTIVES.— On tlic- west wall of Gnllery 55 in the East Pavi 
Aubert, which is portrayed in the engraving. Here, modestj gi ice, «,\ , 
of art does not declaim more artists truly great who produce these poeti hull}" <>n tin: same wall, a p.iinting h ■- !■■ ■ n r< ]■<<•<•«< -\ ■■» lli 
Adonis. Imt winged, pressed liis court upon the maiden's hps. The drnw 
thiit there will come a lime when the picture of these maidens, captur 
unfolding life-will he treasured ns noble, healthful, and more highly ; 
This Was tile only picture shown at Chicago by Aubert, whose future labors, howe' 

artist. Cou slan tine had three wilier picture* on (he walls: "A Bacchanal." ' 
Russian Wedding" and '-Clirwt Before Pilate," in fact, nearly all the Russia 
llirouijli ihe evliibiLimi .1 v. lit- ,-.■■■ •■! Mn-...vm m.liMrics 

JOAN OF ARC LISTENING TO THE VOICES.-This oil painttug was hung 
exhibited by Prance. ft was painted by Diogenes llysses Mai Hurt, of Paris, a 
s show a conservatism that would h 
istantly solicited fr 

the brother was thought 
portrait of a lady. His pictures, 
have seen, sustained the reputo 

: general attributes of an 
"The Cossack's Reply," "The 
ou which the Empire gained 

. in the East Pavilion of the A 
s artist to be .seen at the Ex posit 
ivheu faith, devotion and patriotism were mon 
nnd Prance. The figure and enthusiasm of tli 

Palace, among the picture 

THE DAUGHTER OF THE RAJAH. —This, oil painting by Paul Sinibaldi, of Paris, and 
corner in Gallery 56 of the East Pavilion nt the Art Palace, where the exhibit of France 
Exposition of 1KS9, and was greatly admired, both at Paris and at Chicago, on account of i 
THE PALM OFFERING. -It happens that when a painter gives himself to the study of 
methods of the past. He may be a Raphael and Muxillo in 1893. His work, holding the 
the eye. Of the two pictures above, doubtless the French one is far the tni 
the greatest living delineator of Asiatic and Holy Land subjects, receives the 
child, has been very famous for no less than forty years. This picture was 
bung oil the south wall of Gallery 17. "The Sea of Galilee," by Goodall, y 

.led civilization, sin b as the Semitic, be may tarry in t 
1 unnatural forms of past art, appeals with tremendous historical force to 
the world admires the autique model, and its painter, Frederick Goodall, R. A., perhaps 
laudits of the world. Goodall, by the production of just such works as this mother and 
o the British Section of Fine Arts by Merton Russell Cotes, Esq., F. R. G. S., and was 
be seen in the same gallery. 

READY FOR TME GARDEN PARTY. - F.nlerine; the I-iast Pavilion of the 
54 o( the French Section. On the west wall bung the lively picture of a 
an artist was winning his way into the hc.irt of tlie ilumsel by the enthusiast] 
less animated moment would have involved less labor. The photograph does i 
instance will establish the lines of the visage, which in the oil painting were 

-If the 

Art Palace from the south, nntl turning at once to the left, the « 
young anil beautiful French girl, painted '■> J ides Muchord, ol 1 
with which the fresh and happy spirit of the subject has been c 
ot always perfectly portray the effect gained by the artist, but closi 



ISuilrting. and crossed directly to the 

rl. «nl. all the skill of 

Ml Of 

t::„: ■ 



-The galleri 

t Ita 



"Sappho," a 
They deify i 
girl who is s 


11 the so 
they ct 

k-hratf the so-called 
live while she lives." 



e, tin 
rhl, i 

capable of tfi 


ng a sp 

11 on the you 
au honest yo 






follies of his 


nds. " 

»ppho" isle. 


S the 


le ha 

They were painted by 
mpaniou of Bohemians a 

,.1 si 

dents, the philos 

:>," by Alphonse Daudct, 

ban a 

perfect descriptic 

her iu Spiridon's pictur 

udiug the stairc. 

who. with however earue 

st Ink 

lity. publishes, r 

for " Follette." she is e* 

en inc 

re ridiculously a 


: the 


further than the left of our scene, the enti 
in the history ami achievements of pottery. The transportation to Chicago without 
tbc Saracen pillars anil wider the statuary at the apex, was the largc-i of ; 

courage. The scene was on the Rhiue, with Cologne's cathedral towers, Gcnn.niia in 
of tile, and the beautiful picture is indiscernible. This painting was the work of Pt 
erected tbc structure at the Imposition. The Gcrniania Club, of Chicago, became the pi 
handsome club-house on North Clark street. The great iron fence of Germany stood i 

of the Royal Porcelain Facte 
p. of the enormous and fragile 
s on porceluiti tiles, 
louds, and Father Rliine in hi 
■ Kips, who superintended the 
r cil this trophy of the ceramic 
t of this open space. 

Iiing performance 
onder. Between 
; of industry and 

i Novel)] her, 1S93, aud i 

ALCOVB WALL. OF THE PORCELAIN PORCH. — The painting before- us is .tone on porcelain, and -k 
the most striking exhibit of the German Section on Columbia avenue in Manufactures Building, rt v 
and ornaments which are so happily placed in the foreground. This painting is by Professor A. Kips, 
iu hand, drilling the chorus of the woods and bikes. The coloring ol the lik-sbed peacock was corrd 
stately neck, the stork sings, the goose hisses, and the pet mocking bird sits on the very score itself, 
other deni/ens of the forest and stream. At Cupid's feet were many humbler living things, not seen 
praised by all the critics:. The caryatid at the end ol this wall recalls the ornamentation of the facade < 
mirror of the admirable non-work on Columbia Avenue. A vase at the left, and a partly revealed vase ; 

all of Un- 

ified t 


of Berlin. It represents Cupid turned singing master, book t 
t and detailed. The turkey struts, the cock crows, the swan arches 
Phe trees are full of the feathered tribe, who see their art taught to 
in the eugraving. The vivid and life-like coloring of this picture 
f the Trench Section, and the fence seen at the left is a reflection i 
t the right, with cherubs, add to the rich detail of the scene. 

and gone 

H \ 


icled • 

i the Art Palace. It v 
Tasting are represented as in act 
loss of Eilen." The sense of Fe 
touch. Hans Makart, the sensat 
under the proscription of Anlhon 
was persecuting, so they could tell whether he was act 
beauty in the face, yet the art and charm of these figui 

i study in the nude, showing five different views 
and in Tasting, Eve plucks the fruit from that 
g. on the other hand, flatten 

itock, the bold pi 

its author, one of the chief attractions of the Austrian 

The senses of Smelling, Seeing, Hearing, Feeling and 

i brought death into the world, aud all our woe with 

ecognition of her principal attraction, the love of the young and the joy that comes with its 

born in 1840 and died in Venice in 18S4; but when his painting, "The Entry of Charles V into Antwerp." fell 

's fame was secured in America, for twenty years at least. The people desired at once to see what Mr. Comstoek 

I freely ackn. 

that a painti 

catch the 1 


Sectiou. ' 

the celebrated French Nnt 

f ft pa: 



i delighted with the 

kill shown in the tnanir. 
:cessful, aud the image > 
detail has in the end < 
er, but securing results 
:vres, permitting e*pcri 

tended bs th 

lation o( the clay, preri-ily as if 

i the summit is the Gi-rm; 

erwhclmed the artist. Opposite, 
exigent observer mil 
it would lie regarde* 

lb. i 

id effect is bluish in color, and 
: highest results of Freud 
t is said that the Government 
■ v-t lUi-hments. 

;olored. The painting 
lie setisiition produced 
betraying the skill of 
)f France has always 


.' * ^^r ' 

$ J »* 


f '*JfM '.$1 



rtfoHo No. 14 will contain 

14. : 

£— I 1 — i_ 


W) KX ' ' ' ' 

1 / • i ■ in li istoi 

,e ends of the ! ■ : ■ men 

i , 



■ Lnatioi aius, mterpriee and ■ i > 

tiall not look upon 


l a form 

■ . ■ ■ 
1 i hen 

I or! -■.... ok i 


Jackson Park \ 
across the pou 
distance, the I: 

I1LDINGS.— The pc 

im the site of t 

;ic architecture of California Building comes in vi 

ictiirc. It is the fatal tower and chimney of the Cc 
iron may be seen issuing from its woodeu sheathing. It was from the heij 
the left the first great dome is on the Illinois Building, and the second one 


Machinery Hall with the Agrii ultural Building. At the left, by tie: 

fountains inspected. The MucMounies' Fountain is in full play, 

discerned and distinguished from the rostral columns, one of v 

with trident, by Johannes Galcrt, a sculptor of Chicago. It wi 

possibly taken from the Phoenicians and copied at Rome, Carthage, Genoa and 

spires of Machinery Hall were by Robert Kraus, of Boston, and M. A. Waagc-n, 

and latticed windows of tin; h>^nia, which here spreads to the right, were expn 

vith unusual fidelity, details the In^'ia of M 
■iiding the stairway, past Kemeys' aud I'ottei 
■ilh the circular cascade flowing. On eac 
ich is nearer to the Obelisk. There were s 
called rostral because from its shaft sis rost 

i of i 

f the 

of the 

enice. There were tw 
ud both sets were cas 

ive of the grandeur • 
ue spectacles which t 

;lks, the lower level may be reached, aud one of the electi 
ide of this fountain the plain cul minis with eagles may 
jf these rostral columns, on each of which stood a Neptu 
or beaks of boats protruded, in honor of the sea, a practi 

and stands on the Pla; 
copper by W. 1 

,-anished city prt 


mythical form of the hippocampus. The r 
the directory of tin- E\p<»ition a drawing, 
That there is Q slight similarity is true, 
in Paris, iu 1S92, in his studio on the In 
MacMonnies is said to have spent >4<S.oou- 
lateral electric fountains is her 


g, in which Columbus stood at the p 
;, but that MacMonnies ever saw or I 
mpasse du Main, and they were safe 
o— it uiay be imagined what a brouzi 
* they appeared in daylight when in 

■ard of the rejected plan is uot s 
Intnspnrted tu Chicago, Himu^Ii 
work of this si/e would have de 
;tion. At night their sprays wer 

large of State is based on the fact that a sculptor 1 
the craft by means of his scythe and nereides swim 
lown, nor effectively alleged. MucMoiinivs made t 
nade only of plaster. If the plaster statuary cost f 
lauded in time and money. A very truthful imprc 

Art Palace and the 

iiMithtrn Colo; 

i the 

.bably expected J 




onouuced. In front of the "Peristyle" arch was Frenches Statue of The Republic. In fronl 
.outliern Portal was the Obelisk and Lion Fountain. In the days of propaganda when the World's Fair was a 
illed Machinery Hall, and gave a view of the same Obelisk and Colonnade. It was supposed that the beauties c 
inn imagination, and that the reality would make a sorry relative display, but recourse to those lithographs 
rity of early advertisements of the Fair. They were lame and impotent to show the wealth of ornament that a 
iny, French, the Potters, Waagen and Kemeys abound, and even Corinthian architecture was enriched with 
rtkulariy beautiful. 

innlurs to-day, will alcove, where the sculpture 
■ groups on the Southern Portal 

A CltAkMINO HAllik vii;\v. 

,1 ;.n-bi 

• I'"- 

l.ll- till 

f edifices are the main pavilion <>( the Piuhe 
f these structures could have heeu spared from the park, and 
of iutercst and surprise. We see only u portioo •■( the r- :< 
e out of the lines of vision, and they added intrinsically (•• 
io\v country the building Ik- longed to, often made peac 
tirely of wood. It was on this account tabooed by the ii 
:s of the Fuir. It boasted the most remarkable architecture i 

; made in Sweden i 

■ of the : 

may he slu 

FERRIS WHEEL TO THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING.— The reader may here perceive that there were two islands conn 
me. At the other or right of the larger island was the Japanese Ho-o-deu, which remains. The rose-garden was in I 

ii structure begun after April ist, 1893, made a part of the ill-fated musical attachment, but after the resignation of Mr. Thomas it was occupied by many popular the Russian Choir and the Midway Concerts. The Ferris Wheel is seen, the Horticultural spreads its wile front, the round White Star Building is next, 
i Building next, and a section of the dome of California ends the front view. A bridge on the east side of the island, corresponding with the crossing at Music 
have been an important and desirable improvement of the general plans. By that means the largest building in the world, and the finest exhibit that was ever 
, might have 1»eeu reached by incomers on an average of fifteen minutes sooner without a quarter-mile of circmnambulution. The structure of the vast green house 
cd. A front and rear curtain extended from the ceutral dome to each terminal pavilion. In the southern or left court thus formed was the German Wine Vault, a 
likely to set one thinking of F.rkmanu-Chatraiu's " Friend Frit/.." Directly behind this fine facade, and north of the Plaisauce, spreads the City of Chicago. 

EAST FROrtl THE TRANSPORTATION BUILDING. -This view surveying a scene from tli 
Murine, offers to the reader a good opportunity to judge of the landscape labors of Superi: 
was nn open waste of sand, with here and there n slough of water. The island portrayed 
the marsh further south was spread on top. It took Mr. Ulrich nine months t 
and sixty teams were employed. Forty acres of lawns were sodded or sow: 
hundred and twelve thousand cubic yards of transported black soil. To keep 
and night service with sixty teams and three hundred 
Lydons. The man who urged this and 

the Manufactures Building at the right, northward to the Cafe de la 

i department. On June 20th, iSor, the area embraced in this picture 

ide of earth dredged from the waterways, and the black soil from 

the islands. They measured about seventeen acres. Six hundred men and one hundred 

all with great success, although it was the dryest summer for years. Under this sod were two 

,is beautiful scene in order, and to clear away the debris left daily by visitors, required a day 

of Superintendant Ulrich were Messrs. Dehu, Obram, Seyderhelm, Hunt, Kline, Kilfoy aud 

1801. was Dion Geraldiue. The vernal scene relieved the eye, and revived the spirits of the 

, upon whose att 

much of the wonderful and magnificent was continually impressed. Proctor's Indian and Elks, and the Government Building are clearly outlined. 

discover America, the Spanish Gov 
fleet in which Columbus begun his 
the great navigator weighed anchoi 


.uccd to build three caravels, in exact 
: vessels left Old Rabida, at Palos, Spi 
the ocean sea. Captain Concas was ii 

ing. at Chicago, the Convent of I. a Rabida, from winch Columbus sailed to 
as far as ship architects could opine from old prints and descriptions, of the 
grent rejoicings, on August 6, 1891. exactly four hundred years from the day 
* was in command of the time little ships, and there was a general fear that they would not 
indent map, and went through the Sargasso Sea, where weeds impeded tin- progress of their 
rn side, landed, went on to Cuba, and north to New York, where they look part in the Inter- 
ior, made the tour of the great lakes, and entered the harbor of the World's Fair, where 
right of our picture. On September 12, 1893. the Kingdom of Spain, through Captain Concas, 
as accepted by the X.n-y Department, Assistant Secretary McAdoo. who had traveled 
the expeditiou of 1892 and 1893 at 


could retreat and fight them frc 
a comptroller, R royal notary, a 
tbe crew of the Santa Maria mi 

-ighted with a greater cargo of liopes and fears thin lln 
vas still guided onward >>y unyielding purpose. To us 
the three was the only one which boasted of a forct 
i one having a high protected stern, behind which the 
rs of Columbus' fleet embarked on the Santa Maria. Th 
II a linguist intended as an interpreter with the natives 

,n the Western ouest. All three were conscripts. A royal 
put to sea. and nothing was Left Columbus but the three 
Santa Maria, The fate of a world and the fortunes of a 
the Santa Maria much resembles a toy ship. Indeed she 
istle and cabin. But after all it would appear that these 
sailors could repulse an enemy or. if pressed too closely, 
rre were six of these, a high constable, a chief accountant, 
A the New World which might be discovered. Altogether 

dedicated in Hie pre 
notable as express!! 
pediment contained 

,vas first to complete its national structure. Jan 
o. me isinuci, tue Dunning portrayed in the engraving, which shows its proximity to the beautiful "Germ 
i an audience composed of Exposition officials and colored citizens of Chicago. Fred Douglas delivered the principal address. Tb 
ie civilization of a race long oppressed and last to receive its freedom. It was erected in the Southern colonial style with broad i 
original decoration. I., the main room reclined a small marble statue called "La Reverie," by Laforestrie, a native' sculptor, and in 
I. Ouvertnre, the Haytieu leader, who was betrayed, imprisoned, and practically destroyed by Napoleon. A large paint 
I with elegant needle work, military dress, and goldsmith's goods were displayed. A restaurant was kept 
iding the protestations of the colored people and in defia 
ien Building was a welcome addition to the group in Jac 

* "( Tons. 

COSTA RICA'S BUILDING.— This modest structure was erected by the generous Central American Republic on 

the east bank of the north po 

id, the same water which the 

Art Palace bounded on the north. Directly across, at a distance of more than one thousand feet, were the house 

s of Indiana, Wisconsin and U 

liio. The main decoration of 

ibis Doric pavilion was the balustrade which protected the water-front. The edifice was one hundred and three fe 

t long and sixty feet wide, am 

under the clere-story, which 

may lie seen above, was fifty feet high. On the tympuni of its portals the national shield of the Republic of Cos 

ta Rica was wrought with plea 

sing effect. The interior was 

finished as carefully ns the exterior, and the crystal roof in the clerc-story gave additional light to a brilliant s 

cue, where thousands of the 

)irda and animals of Central 

America were displayed for the admiration of lovers of nature in Northern lands. All of the exhibits of Costa R 

ca were shown in this one pin 

ce, a privilege granted to hut 

few of the nations. Coffee, coffee growing, and coffee curing were the principal attractions. The World's Col 

ous for the effort which the 

American Republics made to impress the value of their coffee on the world at large. Dye-stuffs were also s 

own in considerable quantity 

and variety. The Republic 

appropriated £50,000 for the Exposition, and $20,000 of the sum were expended on this building. 

should be considered as lacking 
whispering of the advance and r 
fifty, and a width of eighty feet. 

f J. Reily 

if the day, mid the quiets and delights ■ 
Legislature „f Texas, at two different se 
■e raised. Chief among these women w 
Huntington and George Gould each sent checks for, and the Missouri, Kn 
moment in the affairs of the enterprise and carried it to success. The statues o 

■ Spa, 

a balmy climate. The Texas Building was very large, having a length of two hundre 

ions, refused to make an appropriation, and it was only through the efforts of Texas i 
Mrs. Benedette B. Tohin, President of the State Board of Lady Managers. To her, 
as & Texas Railway Company gave 5;.i.»xi. These generous contributions came at a di 
Stephen F. Austin and S.nn Houston adorned the building, and were the donations of ■, 

of Davy Crockett and Sam Houston, by William II. Huddle aud Seymour 

KENTUCKY'S BUILDING.— The large structure with Ionic poi 
Virginia, on the northern circle in Jackson Park. In front of : 
great hall stood a statue, in modern style, of Henry Clay, th 
entrance under the great porch. Here we may sec the retentic 
suu and heat and frost of a climate harsher than England's 
forms to the winds, and make a veranda for summer and a 
distill m^ u;tt- c-t-i of the St.iU', ami dining-room, kitchen, ci 



on its lawn, was a statue of Daniel Boone, modeled at Chicago hy MKs Ivnid Yamlell, 
idol of all Keutuckians. The area, exclusive of porches, was ninety-five by seveuty-fi 

o( colonial dignity. The eye was to be impressed, especially by the Court House, or 
lad not yet suggested the severity of the Spanish form, nor had the Middle West ri 
inter-house, all together. In the three large exhibitory rooms of this building were ; 
iimissiouers' rooms and other apartments were liberally provided. The architects we 


5 %i S ff^ls 

■J. - _ 


=. _ y 

c rt > 


TPPi! i il An mfoliosistopre 

Exposition within a reasonable space. To catch the picture vanishes-- a pictim 

induring form 
of mo and ind beneficial than any of the miracles of the electrician. Th. 

ul'oliosof 16 views each, 256 in all. P 
arets, ncent Arcades, Fountains, Statuary and Pan 

nd splendid Panoramic ] 
if Forty Stai 
Colonies; showing the best fruits of human endeavor in the whole realm of Art, mdusl 
hotographs of the famous Midway Plaisance; its strange people and fanta 
its Fc ;es, Mosques, Kiosks, Pagodas, Menageries, Hindoo Jugglers, Snake-Charm.- 

Oriental Dancers. In fact, nothing has been omitted, either in picture or story, which would s< 
- the same impression as an actual visit to the great Fair. As the Columbian Exposition 

into history we present this Portfolio of its choicest scenes as the fittest ig and most 

+ul memento for individual pos- 

R s ^maro 

are pleased with these Portfolios show them to your friends and call their after 
tion to the rare opportunity offered to secure them. 


Will be devoted to another splendid selection of 
Fine Art subjects, which are offered in deference to 
public desire. This issue, together with Nos. 6 and 13, 
afford a rare souvenir of over fifty representative Art 
Gems of the Exposition, the possession of which will 
prove a constant source of satisfaction and delight. 

These Photographic Views are the cream of the collection secured by the Government Photog- 
rapher for preservation in the archives at Washington. 



i 8) 




; S; 

I I &SM 

__ Ex i jection-of genius, such an assembly of 

1~/ the Master Sj ' 'tory, known 

HAN EXPOSITION as," the wondrous 

beaut i ! hb P° 


i a noble les 
Late ther youth of this and. future generations 

Jorprise and extravagance that alone produced 

i . id by the thought 

ias boon the utterance of thoir admira- 

boen admired by reverential millions, 


1 1 ; Obelisk and Do* i 

from i know how quickly vani ! 'lyby 

trje ,, found, or, gre ■ueficial influences of this grandest of 

■ lost, 
drpose of this h such a receptacle, in a form at 

once portable, and for ' ' » pr»" 

■ ■ I , i ' ■ ! 




twice as great as the houses, and from the top of the walls of thi; 
dome sat eight groups of large winded figures with long trumps of vi 
sat smaller and less animated groups, two of which are portrayed 

nug < 


ortrayed in our cii^tivihl;. 
le and successful. On the right the sculpt. 
It follows that there were twelve of these 
Ik and labor of all its statuary. Rut there 

of a mirror in the hands of a fema 

Building, nobody could conceive tli 

Forestry Building, and occupied the entire time of Carl Bitter's corps of sculptors for moutl: 

Gustav Gerlach, E. Saile, J. A. Blankinship and G. Wuertz. 

the top of the rotunda under the paneled 
i each of the three outer corners of each corner-house in the great composite edifice, 
m the left is Industry, a mother at her spinning-wheel, tempted by love to leave her 
has been more adventuresome and less fortunate in portr.iving R'llo linn by the use 
i.iller groups, but all were heroic in si/e. In looking at the beautiful Administration 
as a time when only a moiety of these groups filled one-half of the hall of the 

i employed were Carl Biel, ' 

uch, P. 



are the priceless possessions of the wealthy ami the scholarly. The splendid picture of -The Fal 
as hunt; '" the Unilwl Stiles collection on the west wall of Gallery 41 iu the northeast corner of the 

east annex of the Art Palace. P. A. B. Widener, of Phil 

urea and 

eut the magu.ficent Iroment,,,. -The Audience with a Caliph.- These p,,tu,e, that the painter 

and writer of I.aKochcMe knew Arab life aud Algerian 

personal observat.oo, and portrayed then, with rare genius. Here the excitement of the chase and th 


s the canvas only for the delight and astonishment of maukind. Froinentiii died in i$-6 He wrote a 
EMPTY SADDLE.— Tlih picture was remarkable for the brilliancy of JLs colors but 'at' the same tiir 
>n, and was first on the catalogue of Great Britain's oil paintings. It hung iu Gallery 12. which ma 
southeast quarter of the ma.n Art Palace. The riderless horse returns from battle; the lady faints. 

dozen books. 

/alter, of 

ol ll> 



I hanging i 

The two 


inlly opened on the 5th 


placed on the west wall of Gallery 43. The Madoni 
only because Bouguereau, the painter of the nude, the autln 

technique of Raphael ;nul Mnrillo. We find a literary ai: 
lie virginal life of the young Angeliqne, who embroidered cha 
irt, painting, as here seen, the forms of universal life and 

■ Nymphs and Satyr" and "The Wasp' 
lie writing of " La Reve," by Zola, w 
he Cathedral of Beaumont. Thus the 
ions, to show the people that modern 

MAILING THE FERRV.— This magnif 
of the United States. It hung on the 
beckons and the other calls loudly. 
Freuch art, aud will fill the historian 
will have authentic measurements of 
the possessions of the \ 

; wall of Gallery 

the i 

the i 

1 si lioul ;m_- U -lit'n.-.l i 

u, if not the idealist. If thes 

was for a time believed that the faithful 

t the deadliest danger of the rich man was his ambi 

: Knight, of Parts, aud was the only specimen of hi 

Fine Arts, of Philadelphia, and was exhibited by that institution in the collection 
ist corner of the main Art Palace. Two French women approach the river. One 
This scene is depicted with the sterling integrity of the liarbi/ou school of 
of peasant life shall be preserved during the march of progress, the sociologist 
depicted the life of the lowly, aimed their canvases against 
possess pictures so true, owing to the rapid increase in their 
i exhibition at Chicago. The enduring patience and skill of 


called "Under the Arbor." This 

f r 

peuiug love in rural seen 

s may be called 

an evolutionary step froi 

Landseer, and the Danish DeHaas 

for here 

an beings, beasts and fields 

are used as the v 

ehicles of universal hum. 

shall, then, first see Rosa Bouhe.: 

s. Landse 

and DeHaas' cows, sheep 

and horses. We 

shall thereafter study M 

have illustrated. In these, the art 

st has be 

cupied only with the inspi 

light or fire, and the lover of art 

vill choose 


meaningless or pessimistic 

picture with thes 

- incandescent gleams of 

in the Clouds," that have soul, ye 

iring all bis fire to play o 

the swain must sigh and the maid 

n blush. 


picture before us is there! 

>re an interesting 

study, we must eventually 

the works of the Frenchman Millet, the Englishman 
i emotion. lu the march of the genre picture, we 
let's "Angclus." or "Man with the Hoe." which we 

luminosity. The edges of his objects will glow with 
olor rath r than the glorious "Crosses of Constantine 
i the feelings of the h art, and wink- the cows drink, 
li.iv.- .1 H.irbi/oii -i hoed l<ir the churrh .mil parlor, as 

soap uumu 

THE NEW WHIP.-This highly huu.orous picture is the property of 1 
of Gallery |S in the British Suction, which the eatire so, 
LODdou. My lord is accoutred with all his father's belongings, ami 1m 

allowell for exhi 

> their friends, while great lin 

i linker, Esq., of Loudon, ami was loaned to the World's 
■ of the main Art Palace. This master of the hounds wa 
.ureil the allegiance of the whole pack. 

il paintiugs, we 
eft of the page. 
nibble, and the 
of truth on the 



General fo 

5 6, which 

A Pastoral"— was lent 
■as the large room just e 

the unerri 

specimens of his sculpt 
rt. This parent iuculca 
g instinct of the peopl 

d real sheep, us Pans, o 

founded th 

Gratuitous School of D 

aduced Rosa Bonltei 

nl appeared in the United i 

adure itoiihtur, the Im.the 

i dead brother who 

udel.led to their father, a 1<» 

:id barnyards, rathei 

The world of t 

.elled with real < 

four feet from the line of chairs has been reached, this 
building, beside this, was one thousand seven hundred and s 
Columbia Avjiue. which constituted the main aisle. The Belgian Portal « i- the first of tl 
workmen. The facade was one hum 1 red ;itid birtv feet long. It presented .1 bright .md 1 li ;.mt ap-i 
Belgian, Russian, Swiss. Danish and Canadian peoples, as if by convention, outdid the Amer 
paneled and heavily hiui^ ]i.>.Ul, a beautiful statue in blue hra'ize by the lost process in was 
considered by many to be the finest ever seen, and the exhibits of l'ouyat and Haviland 
general were equally tasteful. 

i that e 

•reeled by Belgi 
, C:rman, Frenc 
had no such main ornamevts. Entering this rich 

special propriety. The Belgian and French exhibits 




dials were lour in number, and measured sevi 
right of the tower ri>es the column which sui 
the diamonds, the silver statue of Columbv 
facade of the French Section here shows its 1 
under the supervision of Chief of Installation 
arch was a drawing-room displaying the fines 

.he northern region of the building, or Unite 
feet in diameter. At each quarter-hour a ■ 

omited the Tiffany and Gorham exhibits, tli 
and the model Cathedral chancel and altai 

al, with Folguere 

s stat 

ie of the Fre 

nch Repu 

lie at th 

. The caryatides 


ig the cornice 

t the rig 

lold goods o( wll 

ell Fr 

ance could bo 

st. The t 

taiiy alco 

uuection with the Western Union Telegraph Company. There were passa K e- 
i Section, may be seen through its arch at the right of the avenue. The 
f chimes was struck which filled the building with festive sounds. At the 
creditable of the American displays in their department. In these pavilions 
led America from utter defeat in the concourse of nations. The magnificent 
s. This construction of twenty-six arches was erected 

.il pain 

s colle. 

ug by the celcl 
ion. Il hung < 

south wall ol Gallery 41, iu the e 
reuch St-i'lton close at hand. 
hool, whose "Augclus" startled tl: 

: of 1 

1 to the Pi km, ' which was exhibited in 

HE HOE.— By J. F. Millet The leader of the Darbi: 
ax of some £30,000, was represented at Chicago by s 
ility to point the nude with all the sensuousuesa of Bougereau. Had Millet continued t 
ed for potatoes and onions, which he could not earn with the canvases are now va 
utdotii on these subjects by means of the aureole, halo and nimbus. On Millet's pea: 
wring pictures look dull and shadowy, no matter how high their conventional lights. 

orld upon its sale to America and repurchase 
one of his earlier works, named "After The Bat 

delnit-.ite these nude figures, ;is 1 lelaru-. he- taught hn 
ed so highly by the people who possess them. 1 
of light, 

1 the 


: of 1 


SOUTH ALCOVE OF THE PORCELAIN PORCH.— Chicagoans were delighted to hear, in November, 1893, that the Porcelain Porch fro: 
presented to the Germauia Club, the leading Teutonic social and political organization of the World's Fair City. Other pages have been devc 
the engravings here shown deal more largely with the detached exhibits of porcelain in the south alcove. The north alcove bore a beautif 
Frederick. This, the south alcove, at the right, where the Saracen pillar, in porcelain, is seen, with a cunningly wrought panel to its left, \ 
a mirror was a large porcelain mantel-piece. Two figures, almost life-sized, male and female, supported the mantel, and of them, the female 
serving as the kev of an arch, was a medallion, flanked by cherubs. Higher up is one of four tablets, in porcelain, holding bas-reliefs of 
caskets paintings and decorations which abounded in this exhibit may be critically studied in the detailed picture at the left. No other art 
fitted with a setting so extensive, appropriate or beautiful, and that Professor Kips was able to bring it safely to Chicago was the subject of • 

this marvelous display, and 
irror and placque of Emperor 
lifferently treated. Instead of 
le is here .seen. Above them, 


'is +* 

i & 4 1 

i 'j 


it nearly always at a dignified distance, although the views U- 
dreanilami of the Fair. To have secured the impressions soug 
people entered on the scene, and the Administration Building sin 
travelers by sea to enter the Exposition under visual auspices 
Columbus chariot with its four draft-horses and two attendant uin 
Theodore Bauer's many-time duplieati-d statues of Indian, 

en the waters ol the Grand Basin and the blue and illimitable expanse of < 
s between its columns also enlarged the sense o( its magnificence and beauty 
i be conveyed by the architects, this Brandenburg gate should have s 
have defended this murine end of the Court of Honor ; but all that 
t doubtless have not been surpassed by the cuuuing huildei 
•rs. We see two of the four groups of statuary "The 



y. This was the poetic gateway to th- 
stood landward, where the millions o 

t was impracticable, and it was left fo 

earth. Aloft rides French and Potter' 

Navigation," by Bela G. Pratt, and 

; and Navigation. It may be noted that the colonnade was protected by a breakwater 

HT HE plan of these Educational Art Portfolios is to present in beautiful photographic reproduction the entire 
Exposition within a reasonable space. To catch the picture ere it vanishes— a picture of the sum 
total of civilization's achievements— and transfix it in enduring form upon the printed page, are marvels , 
of modern magic no less grand and beneficial than any of the miracles of the electrician. The series 
consists of 16 Serial Portfolios of 1 6 views each, 2^6 in all. Photographs of gilded, glittering Domes. Min- 
arets, Towers and Pinnacles ; magnificent Arcades, Fountains, Statuary and Paintings ; superb Pavilions, 
Palaces and Temples; and splendid Panoramic Landscape Effects; Photographs of the Exhibits of the [ 
United States Government ; of Forty States and S^ven Territories; of Fifty Nations and Thirty-Seven 
Colonies ; showing the best fruits of human endeavor in the whole realm of Art, Industry, Science 
and Learning. Photographs of the famous Midway Plaisance; its strange people and fantastic scenes; 
its Foreign Villages, Mosques, Kiosks, Pagodas, Menageries, Hindoo Jugglers, Snake-Gharmers and 
Oriental Dancers. In fact,' nothing has been omitted, either in picture or story, which would serve to 
- impression as an actual visit to the gfejat Fair. As the Col u 
\ itesent this Portfolio of its choicest scenes as the fittest, most endurin 
ion and sty 

If you are pleased with these Portfolios show them to your friends and call their atten- 
tion to the rare opportunity offered to them. 

t ii^ mmm i^ m'&Mmm mi 

Portfolio No. 16 will contain 

Grand Plaza on Chicago Day. 

Northwest from Roof of Gov- 
ernment Building. 

Directly North from the Gov- 
ernment Building. 

Across Wooded Island from the 

The White Star Building and 
Elk Bridge. 

North Lagoon ancf Horticultu- 
ral Building. 

The Merchant Tailor's Building 

Wooded Island and Transpor- 
tation Building. 




Northeastern Corner of the 

Grand Basin. 
Life Saving Station and Battle 

Grand Promenade on the Lake 

The New Liberty Bell. 
Barge of State and German 

World's Congress of Beauties. 
An Aztec Abode on the Midway. 
Moonlight — Closing Scene. 

These Photographic Views are the cream of the collection secured by the Co 
rapher for preservation In the archives at Washington. 

nent Photog- 

(WvEA I l j.wn of time, has there been such a collection, of genias, such on assembly of 

Lf ii pirits world, as that brought together by the grandest civic event in history, known 

: . 'OSITION. Here was a "Spectacle of the Centuries," the wondrous 

i heralded to the ends of the earth, -whose like men now living may never hope 

'its of modern oivi ligation; all that was strange, beautiful, 

and wonderful university of the arts and sciences, teaching a noble lesson in 

designed to stimulate the youth of this and .future generations 

. ■ ■ i 

urprising combination of genius, enterprise and extravagance that alone produced 

■ ■ . and hundreds of tho led by the thought 

Wg shall no look upon its like again" ha,s been the utterance of their admira- 

bowers, and r ramids,.and pinnacles, which have been admired by reverential millions, 

ill : great buildings -which seem too grandly beautiful for reality may be razed; 

the Colonnade and Peristyle must perish , ObelisK and Dome, Sculpture and Mural Decoration must pass away. 

The question is, how best to secure and preserve for the people the fullest and most permanent results 

from 1 1 ■ ■ We know how quickly vanish scenes caught by the eye and preserved only by 

receptacle must be found, or, great as the beneficial influences of this grandest of 

the larger part of its benefits will be lost. 

i he purpose of £his "Portfolio of Photographic Views" to furnish such a receptacle, in a form at 

once portable, beautiful and permanent, for present use and future preservation. In its pages will be pre- 

the FEATURES OF THE FAIR.— artistic and industrial, paintings and statuary, with interesting 

of tho marvelous exhibits of the United States and Foreign Nations. Pictures alone, however 

necessary to the imparting of knowledge, are not of themselves sufficient ; the intellect 

i > eye must be reached. The best talents of both author and artist are required, that what the 

i' ' he eye may be impressed upon the understanding 

For the entertainment and instruction of the young this book is especially sent forth ; such a book in 

object lesson, a -work of perpetual interest, in its influence more wide-reaching and lasting 

the Fail- itself. It is at once a Souvenir for the millions who attended the exhibition as a record of 

what they saw, and the exhibition itself for the millions who did not see it. 

southeast across the Plaza and Basiu, and the reader 

cugoryed with humanity. The mo 

The number of individuals who obtained adinis 

hundred thousand persons present, for the ticket-t 

this day, the filling of incredulity i 

he awarded to the men who built the Fair 

pre-, :.-. -i.uh a picture of that com ocatinn as cmild he offered within the limits of a single camera. We 
v that a]] the building, all the plazas, the island, the boats, the restaurants, and Midway Plaisance were 
i could this day he wreaked on the patrons of the Celestial Theatre, for there was nowhere to go to escat 
r ways was seven hundred mid sixty-one thousand nine hundred and forty-two, and there may have been 
rwhelmed. When the evening papers in London and Paris announced the probable attendance at Chicag 
udmiratiou and fraternal congratulations. The memory of Chicago Day is the meed ainf palm that will foi 

NOWiHWKSI I'kiiM II1(. kliill' III I lit C.(>\ 1 UN Ml AT IU. II. DING.— This 

i n particularly beautiful glimpse ol the 

by the Government 
Mikado ami preset) 
have not wrought i 
superiority of Cauc 
" ocean grevuonud< 

The great Illinois Huilditie. Inmi, On- nt>rth uwl oi ih u lagoou, and the small Mercliai 

. llu- n inim part of the Wooded Island, at the end c.( 
of Japan. The Hoo-den is a reproduction of a celcbra 
ImiMiru;- v trc erected in the Japanese manner by Ja| 

t the left belonged to the White Star Steamship Comp, 
from the north end of t 

> the Wooded Island from the 

muil buildings erected by the 
i.l ....1 bat modem architects 

Mine; ami the Cafe de la Marine complete the (oregroitu 

dbuk tome ol the »truct»rcs am) their relative positions. Thi 
a this height it is possible to note the extraordinary outlines 
.ill Western grace beginning to assert itself. Between the eas 

.mill, rtluti- M mm 1 l.cnins m.ule a tfrand display i>f -itnUi-l lii 

ailors' temple, then Illinois; next in a line el i <■• W 
of the pond is Ohio, behind it Michigan, and the gn .1 Bag - 
;. The Spectatorinni at the right looms over the entire scene. 

and survey a charming scene tliat includes tl 

i pavilion of the Japai 

Japanese lived, tlie Fisheries and tlie Cafe de la Murine. The low central circnlar s 
tliL- must he.iutil'nl, siiTpii-in^ mid art i-l u .illy nr.iii.'iM exhihiliuii "1 linnv (Wu-> w,i- cwr si 
sturgeon were visible, and some of them were five feet long. Around this inner lake a wall 
tortoise's shell, and was in his own body a set of paddles; of the shark-life fish, with months 
sturgeons and other large creatures. Hut the visit of visits at the Fair was the entry 

, the flounder, the eel, the 

f the ( 

Temple, the Government Building, the house on th 

island, in which the 

east pavilion of the Fisheries, which should he reu 

in America. In a broad fountain at the centre, cat 

fish, muskalloiige and 

glass offered to the visitor a study of the king-era 

i, who lived under a 

far back; of the flat-nosed fish; of the Galapagos 

urtles, the cats, bulls, 

iter circle or tunnel, where a circle of many score 

of lirilliauth liuhlvd 

lie gold-lish, silver-fish, trout, and above all, to the 

ea-grutlues, where the 


oticeahle bcc 

" c " '!",. 


Us Anderson 

t.iLto rrjirc 

ic same kiml 

iu the 1 


steamship, a. \.\ i r 

igeiits looking earliest lor <"i the grounds was 
himik", (.lit Iniu j (iiK-l>'-iiisiriliiil piM u.ilih nml 
were larger, better and more iustmctive exhibits i»f 
r before attempted, except at the Battleship Illinois. 


bom comes io the steps nod the part; is ti 
sustained in a scientific matimi v. - 
boatmen of our own waters 
C.olilcn Statue. We note detail! <.i ircuitei 
Marti cy made to -mil the retinue of Ceres, 
that building of the world, the Mauufactur 
water has always been fresh and sometime: 
by Lorado Taft, the reader may conceive ho> 
statues of the Fair. 

BUILDING.— Let us call .. gondola from under a 

.ridge ind 

ed in the centre. Two very vigorous Italians soo 

i have th 

I heredity have given to the forms and movemeu 

■ gondoliers speak to each other, but always coacer 

re that would have escaped tin on laud, and befor 

Ve const the cascade ol MacMonnies' Fountain anil 

. The approach to the Art Palace is another memo 

the seagulls have kepi »- eompanv. As now we g 

closely we have been able to inspect the lour tlm 

: «h t - landing-booths, 

iouthward to the 

the Wondcl 


tbe two bridges. Thirty-seven Merchant fail 
edifice. R. J. Walshe was Chairman of the 
adorned the porticos. The 
apartment. Mr. Oliver Dein 

s in the principal cities of the United States united to contribute the sum o( $30, 

Construction. S. S. Beinau was the arcliitect Undei the dome was a court, 

he men's room was on the side of the building at the Left. Ou tbe oilier, or nor 

, a celebrated painter of fhie.-^o. » ■'- entrusted with the dtity of making eight panels for the walls of l 


pavilions of the Manufactures Building comes well in view 
The next roof then ascends from Ihe windows ol the gallei 
reaches the great ascending arches, so thai when avalaucues 
underneath. The scene on which the reader looks— its \va 
designed with ;i view ol sepai itiug the masses «>f people, - 
at festivals of this kiud. While assuring fresh air to the ] 
Court of Honor. <)ii tlte right i* the south end .if II irti .il 
bayed fronts of the Electricity. The Manufactures w.i> i-ol.i 

secrets ol the 


of that 

vast edifice 


des« i ud< 1 ■'[! 



this outer r 

.iii.l h.ilnttr 

iere being apprehe 

need the hi 

11. Ml ; > 

ext the Tr. 

Ml t 

10 park, 

and could 

r .1 

ht appear, 

as has happ 


second in 

auk only to 

Door; u 

xt the Mti 

es, cud then 



supported on his 
.ppear a little at 
moulded into hi 

i one of two Temple! 

:es5ions. Inside the arch was a wide bridge, and the eiitirc promenade was paved with brick. Theodore 1 

of four groups by Miss lk-l.i G. Pratt. 

ita, which were let to holders of 
eu, and at the bases of the arch 

impressions lo be conveyed on an actual (teel-i tad man-of-war. Many persons Lad seen the thick armor-plates in Krupp's Building, in the Ret: 
tatiou Building, and at the Government Building, and when they descended into the shot-laden hold of this museum of war, tbey bad a senst 
knew the ship was built on the bottom of the lake, and could not be floated without contravention of the treaty whereby we are to kt 

extremities of human life still appertain to slaughter, and to a means of death so skillful that the wars of the future must blanch even the fa 
stood by a machine gun that could be aimed by orders a telephone (nun the voiming timer aloft, where the eaptaiu stands. A few tur: 
line of yawls at a distance of three miles. The great nuns would move around by the turning of a wheel, but there is always danger that t 
upper works. Many of the cc ou were real. The sinking of the Victoria made this.strange exhibit especially instructive. 

rrank would destroy ( 
recoil will destroy Hit 

pages. Looking southward from Hit- low stone j 
standing out white and sharp against dark foliaj 
buildings erected by foreign nations, among thei 
observant render catches a glimpse of the big 1 
great Manufactures Building, flanked in the mid 
cau pick out the Art Palace, the beautiful cdifici 
that the mind will revert with most pleasure to 

■ ( Jut k-iii Park, lint used as a State 

liy the Trench Government, and farther ou, keeping along the 

i the open lake in the extreme background stands Music Hall. 1 
it-nt dome, and beyond by that of the Administration Still farthc 


ept pre 



THE NEW LIBERTY BELL. -... K Line helore 
suggested thai . great bell be cast, material for 
metals, medals and relics of Colonial and Revo 
New York. Resides the usual amount of hron/i 
United Slates, the new bell was as much, or in 
until September id. stops having beeu made iu 
car. and on it- arrival there were no special ■ 

nd civic bodie 

. tbej in ir. bed by. 

■lnirg, l'llt-luir^h .nul Indi.iii:i|ioltv. It «.is U;iii^|j nUd upon a flat 
cil (lie west to the .VIiniiiMr.itioii Hinhliu^. ni:d many 
. on September Qlh, when it-i tones were heard for the first time in 
ttoes of similar import. 

■ Germ 

of I 



ever wrought into shape. 


handling his Barge of State— probably one of tli 

scythe to the helm, and that his posture could not be improved 

nothing remained to have iiiadu the fame of Mac Moil nies suhliii 
sides, J.1il' pilot, the surroundings and establishment, 
bronze by its gifted creator. 

tun, and students of sculptur 

, may here ol 

have been attempted in mode 

lerful oaring maidens are he 

e caught in a 

e fulfilling summit to the str 

icture. The 

r Columbian Fountain was but t 

ringing to America the finest example of iron gate! 

1 another valuable view of MacMonuies' methods it 
be seen that Father Time, the pilot, has lushed hi; 
it felicitous view, and it may certainly be said thai 
r long pipe, the maidens 

lay yet look for its perfection i 


. ].,i,! 

with the directo 

s of the Exposition. The best plot of ground on the Midway was obtained, and Mr. Hyde 

vent to Europe 

bout twenty-five 

young women, all of whom were pretty, some beautiful, and none capable of speaking Kngli* 

1 fluently, the 1 

iianagement. A 

arge chamber lighted from the roof and surrounded with a platform was open in the centre 

to the public, a 

ecruited to the 

required number of fortv beauties, was ranged, one girl usually representing a nation. In 

a conspicuous booth at the end of the hall a Sultana was surrounded by her maids, and off 

red .1 pleasing t 

iid the best o( 

discipline was maintained. An orchestra was added, and Neapolitan girls dauced on tin. 

main floor at 

ntertainments w 

re constantly going. The opening took place May loth, 1893. 

>res* and Costume Exhibit" passed muster 
his beauties. He returned with a bevy of 
condition being especially desired by the 
111 the platform the European contingent, 
sired to display rich costumes from rival 

THE AZTECS.— Between the Scenic Theatre mid the Illinois Central Railroad viad 
is settled behind the structure which is here portrayed, and for tin 

,nd the entertainment is not open. It was never a successful ent« 

of these Midway 

de of Midway Plaisance, during the last sixty days of the Fair, a band C 
the visitor might enter. The sign reads : " The Aztec's Village. Alive and 
i,l ceremonies: singing mid dancing." The people in the photograph are 
u this respect, the history of Oilier far Southwestern exhibitors that have 
- either scientific or lav attention, when shown in the Owings building, 
■vn count rv again. There was some doubt, too, in the public mind as to 
['heir li..i.t lis were tilled with trinkets, however, and if general knowledge 
• I.! I'lier,- -ire so m mv .iilfereiil tribes of Indians in Mexico that only 

such scholars 

NIGHT ON OR AND BASIN.— Our engraving forms an appropriate complement to the i 
canopy llie myriad stars shine forth in glory upon a scene of majestic beauty. The 
light and sunshine, so will the leveling hand of destruction fall upon tin- Kn'rgeons y 
are in constant menace, and in a span- of time, all too brief, the Court of Honor, 
and semblance are concerned, mingle with the elements and join the things that 
compensation in the thought that the deft processes of a wonderful art. suppleraenl 
have devoted these pages to so high an object, inasmuch as they form, for all time, 
civic A event in the world's history— an event orgauized, developed and carried out 
always continue to be. the wonder and admiration of the nations of Christendom. 

s to which these page: 
> the onlooker that, 
Already the elemeii 

diligence, euthusia; 

"THE plan of these Educational Art Portfolios is to present in beautiful photographic reproduction the entire 

Exposition within a reasonable space. To catch the picture ere it vanishes — a picture ol Lh 
total of civilization's achievements — and transfix it in enduring form upon the printed page, are marvels 
of modern magic no less grand and beneficial than any of the miracles of the electrician. The series 
consists of 1 6 Serial Portfolios of 16 views each, 2^6 in all. Photographs of gilded, glittering Domes, Min- 
arets, Towers and Pinnacles ; magnificent Arcades, Fountains, Statuary and Paintings ; superb Pavilions, 
Palaces and Temples ; and splendid Panoramic Landscape Effects ; Photographs of the Exhibits of the 
United States Government ; of Forty States and Seven Territories ; of Fifty Nations and Thirty-Seven 
Colonies ; showing the best fruits of human endeavor in the whole realm of Art,, Industry, Science 
and Learning. Photographs of the famous Midway Plaisance ; its strange people and fantastic scenes ; 
its Foreign Villages, Mosques, Kiosks, Pagodas, Menageries, Hindoo Jugglers, Snake-Charmers- and 
Oriental Dancers. In fact, nothing has been omitted, either in picture or story, which 'would serve to 
convey the same impression as an actual visit to the great Fair. As the Columbian Exposition passes 
into history we present this Portfolio of its choicest scenes as the fittest, most enduring and most beauti- 
ful memento for individual possession and study. 

IJa~" " you ar e pleased with these Portfolios show them to your friends and call their atten- 
tion to the rare opportunity offered to secure them. 


Oriental and Occidental, Northern and Southern 

« * OP THE -IS- « 

Midway Plaisance 

^ & Ready Thursday, March 8th. & +£ 


i. "Far Away Moses" )\( 5. Mere Hemcy — Arab. 

(Mark T»aln - s Famous Ouiile in the Holy Ijnd.) 

2. Mrs. Meise Alithensii— Jewish. 1 6 - Zarreefa— Bedouin. 

3. Yoo=Ka=Lucke — Esquimau. 

7. Ah Que — Chinese. 

8. Wong=Ki — Chinese. 

4. Mary Deokeshoode Annanuck- 


For prospectus and general outline of what thfe series will contain see page 2 of cover of this Portfolio.