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mW. Of MASS. 















THE t'RUM, Sp^ng, 1970, l/o£. I, Wo. 3. 

EditoHAXil,CAJictLt(vtion,and Adv^fvtLiZng 0{^{^lcu tocatzd QUI l\UJj> HouAz, 

UnlvQA&ltu Oj^ f\cii,iacha6eXti ,AmkeAit,^\(ii,6 . 01002. CopijnA.gkt 1970 by 

Robin M. ChandZeA 

l\antu!>, oAt ioo>ik,poeJytij,and photOQUapkij -ihoaZd be mcu.lQ.d duAzctZy 

to m WWU, Homz @ U-Uci66. 

Optnlotvi, zxpAZ66zd bij contfU-butoAi do not nzczMicvUZy nz^tzzt thz va,zw6 
0^ thz EdltofU oi THE VRUli. 

mAC'6 lYVtoAnaJi SzcufvUy kcX 
(McCoAAan Act) , IWid 1 1 

Conaznt/Lotion {"Vztzntion" ] Camp-i 
6houZd Vfiz^ldnnZ daclxuid. an 
"JnteAnaZ SzcuAJXy EmoAQzncij .'' 

-Pubtic Law S3J- SUt Cong^zi.l>: TiXlt //; 
Sac: 102: 103: S 104 {HUAC'6 okIqIywUL 
InteAnaZ SzcuJUtij Act [McCoAAan]" 

. . .-Ln^WiAzction. . .thz Vnosldznt -c4 authofUzzd 
to makz pubtic p^octamatian. . .o^ an Intztnal 
Szcu/Utij Em(>Agzncy. . .and. . .acting through, 
thz Attofinzy GznzAol aj>. . .aathofvizzd to 
appfLzhznd and. . .dztaZn. . . zach pzuon a4 
to whom thz/LZ -Lb Kzasonabtz gxound to 
othzu to zngagz i.n acjU>...o(^ i>abotagz... 
Vzfi6on(i appfizhzndzd . . .6hall bz con^^inzd -in. . . 
pZaczi o£ dztzntion. . .pn.z6cnA.bzd by thz 
Attofinzy GznzAdt. 

Tlvii ti&az o£ thz VRUM aj> Zn mzmony oi and i.n dzdicatlon to 


1964 - SNCC Tfizzdom School Coondlnatofi, 

Plviladztphla, M/644 . 

1965 - Ofigawizzd a coopzAativz, 


1966 - HzZpzd o^ganlzz Lou^ndzi County 

Tfizzdom OfiganlzatZon, LoMndz6 

County, Ala. 
1961 - Elzctzd Pfiogfum SzcfiztoAy , SMCC 
196S - OfiganlzzA o^ thz Efizzdom V^mocfiatic PaAty 

And tliz tUit ol thz dzad and 
thz zxiZzd and -mpfvi&onzd IzadzfU Izngthzni,-- 

GabfUzl Pn.oi,i,zfi EldAldgz Clzavzn 

Nat Tu/inzn. Huzy Nuvton 

VznmoAk Vzizy John Hugg-in^ 

MoAcoi GoAvzy Tfizd Hampton 

'AaAtln LuthzA IClng Ratph ^zathzutonz 

lialcolm X & othzu --and It mUZ bzcomz longzfi. 


February 26, 1970 was a most pro- 
pitious day for the black people on the 
predominantly white campus of the Univ- 
ersity of Massachusetts. Early that 
evening, a black student and a white 
student were involved in an altercation 
in front of Mills House. The fight end- 
ed with a Kappa Sigma fraternity member 
on the losing end. Evidently, the black 
student hit him so hard and so fast that 
he thought there were three people in- 
volved . 

Later that night, a fire extinguish- 
er was overturned in the library on the 
first floor. The house proctor and seve- 
ral whites in his apartment did nothing 
to turn off the overturned extinguisher 
which would have saved the black stu- 
dents who cl-^aned up a lot of trouble. 

Shortly after this, four or five 
Kappa Sigmas returned to Mills House 
looking for two mythical assailants and 
reality. One Kappa Sigma explained the 
reason for their presence and said that 
he wanted reality for what had been done 
to his brother. The encounter was brief 
with the Kappa backing and talking more 
than fighting. The black students were 
about to return to Mills House when this 
same Kappa grabbed another black student 
and proceeded to work his same show. 
Another Kappa jumped this black student, 
touching off a chain reaction thing in- 
volving some twenty students. 

The campus police were on the scene 
but stood around. That is why, according 
to the special edition that the Collegian 
put out they did such a commendable job; 
because they did nothing. It was not the 
campus police that ended the melee but a 
mutual agreement on both sides . 

Even later, an anonymous phone c^ill 
was recieved at Mills House telling of 
some white students about to move on us 
with sticks and rocks. Precautions were 
taken and doors were locked and windows 
were barricaded. The house proctor and 
those whites who allowed the extinguisher 
to do its thing were asked to leave due 
to the tension in the air. 

Whites still occupying the third 
and fourth floors were permitted to 
leave if they liked but were not al- 
lowed back in for security reasons. No 
one was forced to leave except the 
proctor and his associates. Earlier that 
night, the whites on rhe top two floors 
had voted to move out, contrary to the 
belief that they had been forced to leave. 

On Friday morning, after the black 
faculty had met with the students in 
Mills, there was a meeting between the 
faculty and Dean Fields. The Dean agreed 
that an apology would be forthcoming to 
the members of the black community. 


Stokes W. Hall, jr. 

(Editor's note: Brother Hall was among 
the black students present in Mills 
House during the events on the evening 
of February 26, 1970.) 

Since the writing of this article, the 
students moving into Mills House have 
agreed to move into other facilities . 
The reasons are to provide more space 
for the functioning of the cultural 
center and to aid (administration's view) 
in the lessening of tensions on the 
campus . 

The black community has established a 
committee for the governing of the 
center in the allocation of space, the 
implementation of programs , the hand- 
ling of budgets, and the coordination 
of activities. Anyone seeking space in 
the cultural center for any black pro- 
is to contact the committee. Their 
meetings are to be announced. 

* * * * * 




In iaylng anything about a complzx social phe.nome.non, tkeAZ anz bound 
to be. eM.ofU, oi analy6-d> in teArm o{^ events that attoM {^on a ^pzctAum o{, 
iYiteApfieJjotion. I volU, pfie^e.nt an opinion which li only om of, many. 

In thz beginning. In that peAlod beiofie the. .iitln^, the. black community 
could be. divided betioezn thoic bfiotkexA and i,l(>teAA who weAe veAy active In 
Black cuLtunal-politlcal organizations and those, who weAe. not. In the. Zxut 
lew week&, the active the active group has been labeled the "core" group, 
tixe lexiderA, spokesmen, and dedicated people. Ike planning and strategy oi the 
actions [sltln6,etc. ) were Initiated and discussed within the&e groups on the 
respective cjompuses and occoAlonaliy within a Flve-Coliege gathering. 

At thl6 stage o^ development, communications or on^ormatlon distribution 
was purposefully restAlcted. The "core". In general, believed that tapped phones. 
Informers, etcetera,were operating and that a tightening up on the Information 
^low would be beneiicJjLl. 

Although the lear OjJ being {^ound out extended {^rom eitabliAlment Institutions 
like the coHege and university, F. B. J., C. I. A., police, etc., the people most 
ejected by the secrecy were our own brotken, and sisters instead o^ our enemies. 
Crucial meetings were stilt held In buildings and rooms easily available 
to be bugged. There were conversations held on phonei witlch even the dxmbest 
cop would tap. But meetings were hard to lear.n about even li you were black. 

With the secrecy witlUn the "core" groups and Ignorance among the others, 
the stage wou, set ior possible trouble. About two or three days before tlie situation 
developed, everyone wa4 to be Informed OjJ the general plan on their respective 
campus es. 

The people In the "core" groups Informed their brothers and sisters o{, the 
lisue^ Involved In the demands and the plan {,or a dramatization o(^ them. In 
the presentation of, these very debatable topics, certain things were stressed : 
a sense oX urgency In deciding whether to support the demands or not, the 
secrecy tmlch was necessary. To be black was necessary to be In the sitlm,, 
and, 0^ cousre, li you ain't black you ain't shit. While the "core" group asked 
ior Immediate support , they alio wanted commitment, a dedication to work ^or 
the implementation ojj the demands. Everyone could express their commitment by 
being either Inside a building or on the outside In support. 

Many brotixers and sisters agreed ailth what was proposed to theJ)^ by the 
"core" group. But I suspect that many agreed ^or the wrong reasons. Social 
pressures are sometimes stronger than the heart or the Intellect. The social 
status system among us is Indeed powerful and it places those who are" black" , 
poZltlcalty, socially, physically, emotionally, and verbally, lilgher In status 
than those who are not. 

So, I don't think the "core" group actually realized that there was a large 
non-committed constituency present during the iirst sitln. 

Alter the occupation ol the Amherst buildings, many people thought tliat 
the blacks In the Five-College area were finally motivated and committed to 
working hard lor the demands. We all had a common goal, but not only did we have 
a new Sense ol commitment, we Itad transcended the social, prejudices betn}een the. 
blacks on the respective campuses. For the llrst time, In many peoples' experience, 
they were working with people Irom Amherst, Holyoke, and U.Ma44., II you were 
Irom Smith, and vice versa. 

{Sit-in anaZij&ii) con' t. ) 

A4 we look back jait bz{^ofi(L 
6p^ng vacation, iMz can iee that the. 
Qfizat zxpe.ctatI.on^ 6pajMmd by the 
{jiut occupation iveAc illxuioM; 
thcij weAcn't t/Luc at alt. A^teA- 
wafid& the. action pzapZe. ^tipped 
Atglit back into the. &ame. old bag o^ 
haZi- g.patixij . The. cofie. gfioup woi 6tlll 
tilt main {functioning body and {^enJ 
people, j'oinzd in Mho hadn't been 
active, be-i^ofic. 

The. unity wai aLio 
a myth. Slowly but i,uA.eZy the. Untv- 
eA^ity 0^ HoM. woa -Ce^-t out o^ the. 
planning. TlvU happened because, o^ the. 
confjUiiion at U-Ma^^. ,the. prejudice, at 
Amhzut College., Smith, and l\t. Holyokz, 
and the impAopet dAJ> semination o^ in{,o- 
njmation at the time. 

TlvU pkiloi,ophy involves the ob- 
ligation 0^ the individual and/ on. the 
leadeuhip j^-tom voAiouA schools who 
should {,ind out what is going on. It 
-cA tkeiA obligation to Aejtnain inf^ofmed 
by actively seekin g out iniofmaXton 
concerning planning and developments. 

0{, couASe theAe iA> anotheA ques- 
tion on this issue, At'JV theAe iJ> yet 
anotheA position which ij> held by U-liass. 
and individuals {lAom otheA campuses. 
These people claim that it iJ> the obli- 
gation 0^ those in possession o^ in^oA- 
mation to diAtAibute it and then consult 
witix people outside the planning gAoup 
so that the e{){)OAt,in its entirety ,wiIZ 
be fiepAesentative and successful. As tlvikgs 
stand, the communication among the mem- 
beAS o{i the planning group was shaky, 
never mind the lack o{, communication to 
tiie masses. 

The Aesult ojj these dl^erent ethtcaZ 
stances has caused tiie consequential con- 
tusion at the Ut. Holyoke occupation. 

Although we have stilt failed to 
achieve the ideal o{, total commiXtment 
by all the brotheAS and sisteAS ,iAAegaAd- 
less o{i social class oa school, we have 
moved closeA to tiiat goal. VuAing the ac 
mainder o{, this semester and more especial- 
ly in September we should concentrate on 
getting everyone together in a variety OjJ 
social situations so that the inter-school 
prejudice will viably be diminished and so 
that a more truthful interchange will then 

evolve. The occupations enlightened 
many people to tlie need {oa committ- 
ment in the struggle, but the sit-ins 
weren't enough. We will have to {ind 
titer ways o{ integrating political 
awareness and social cohesion so as 
to induce a heigiitened sense o{ dedi- 
cation to the needs o^ blackpeople. 


"I believe that today especially , 
in order to live as an artist, a Human 
Being, one must be concerned with peo- 
ple... the Poor, working Uasses o{ Peo- 
ple... {or they possess a sense o{ 
Reality and Soul, a Soul neither still 
nor siZent-in need o{ li{e,in stride 
{or freedom, Justice, Truth, and Beauty- 
to change society. The root o{ True 
Art, the world oveA,{Aom A{rican sculp- 
tuAe to hlichaelangelo ,RembAandt,Goya, 
\/an Gogh, was boAn in living experien- 
ces - in communlcatio with others, the 
People on tixe streets. 

Teaching some oAt classes in my 
community o{ East Harlem. . .the boys 
and girls [9-19] are mostly black and 
Puerto Rican. . .and to be with them 
{or a time is to run around glorious- 
ly on richly black soil-plants sprout- 
ing {ast and {uAiously a{ter a rain, 
reaching {or Sun- Light. .. . Returning 
to my studio , I spend many hours walk- 
ing, so {uli up,TOO {ulZ I continue 


Tecla lived and painted on Monhe- 
gan Island, liaine, in Mexican villages, 
with Indian people, among {ishenmen on 
beaches o{ Malaga, Spain, and in a min- 
ing village o{ Vstradgynais, South 
Wales. Mow she is living and teaching 
in East Harlem, painting, draioing and 
sculpting ti{e around her and exhib- 
iting her woeks in Ithe streets , market 
places, and neighborhood gatherings. 

She has studied at the National 
Academy o{ Vesign,the Cincinnati Art 
Academy, Otis Art Institute in Los 
Angeles, and the Art Students League 
in Mew Vork. * 


6. Hoa/Ua 

l^^mb^n^•. Tomj bJitUam, dAum; John McLaughLLn, gultoA. 
LoA/cy Voang, oxgan. 

A Votydofi Company fiQ.cond: Song^i "EmeAgmcy" , 
"Bzyond Gomei", "Wh^Az" , "Ua^hkoA", 
"Via tht SpzctAum Road", "Spe.citAum", 

"SangfUa ion. Tkfiza" , "SomeXhing SplUtual" . 

Thoiz Mho ioiJioM jazz may liavt MondoAdd 
about ivhat happmo-d to UlloA, Vavli, ' lofmoA 
dAummnA, Tony WUJUam^. Thz ayu>weA l& that 
he. hoi lome.d kd own g/ioup—THE TOUV WILLIAMS 
LIFETIME. EmeAgmcy aJ, thoJji ilnit album 
and it Id a blmd ol thz boAt in jazz along 
i^ith the. "iAzaktneM," o^ lioAd nock. Williami,' 
dAumming iA mone. than amazing, -OKidthe 


lJii>tzneA i^ill o^tzn wondeA 
manager to itay on beat in 
iome. oi the 60 ng.!,. The dAumming 
vaAie.i> coiUtantly, WiUijuni, seldom 
playi) tiie iomz n.hytlvm& twice in a 
Aow and he exlvibiXi a gfiexit nangz 
in dynamici) . 

EmeAgzncy con^iAti, o^ two necondi 
and eight bands , too o^ tho&e bands 
being vocals with long mu^icaZ inteA- 
ludeA. The iiAst two pieces one by 
WiJZLan\i>, and oAe excellent. 
"EmeAgency" , the ^in^t piecz, is 
wholly inStAumental, and builds 
inom iast and intense to {^asteA and 
mo fie intznse, with tw tAanqwilly 
beautiful szctions, and a Inantlc 
end. "'Beyond Gamzs" is a song in 
which a man PUzi, to convince his now- 
moA/Lled giAl^Aiend to continue thelA 
maiA. MiZtlams' voice, though 
not thz gfizatzst musically, combines 
peA^ectly with thz instAumentatlon 
to emphasize thz sznsz oi pleading 
that peAvadzs the song. Ont o^ the most imaginativz 
and intiicatz songs on thz album ij> 
"Via thz SpectKum Road" , wliich Azpeats 
a sequence o^ veAse followed by a shont 
section oi instAumentatlon with nhythms 
that szem dl^ieAent each time thz szquzncz 
li nepeated. 




Tony W-{!> and hAJ> gfiowp oAd 
t/LUZ ZnnovcutofU, , and, uJ-Lth tlvU album 
OA an -indi.cjouti.on ol thiuA ab.Ltitiu, 
they 6houZ.d comz up iM-itk much mo^t 
gfizat muAtc. Both tho&c Mho p^zf^sA 
lAJitcnZng to miM-tc 6tonzd and tho&z 
iioho pfizizA tiitzning to mu6X.c 
i)tnxu.ght Mitt ^Ind thz aZbum 
EmzAgzncy to bz gfizat. 

lES l-iCCANN AMD EWJE HARRIS: S mIi,6 Uovz)vznt 

PzfUonnzZ: Lzi McCann, pixino and vocal; 
Eddlz HoaaJj,, tznon iax; Bznny BaiZzy, 
t/Lumpzt; LzAoy VinnzgoA, 8a44; Donald 
Vzan, d/iuiM . 

An Atlantic fizcofid-- Song^: 

"CompoAzd to WhaX", "Cold. Vuck Timz" 
"Kathlzzn'& Themz" , "You Got It 
-in VouA SouZnz6.i", "Thz 
Gznzfiatlon Gap". 

At thz HontAzux Jazz VzAtival -in 
l\ontn.zux, SwtizzAtand in June o^ 1969, 
thz Eddtz Hoa/Ua QuaAtzt and thz Lzi 
flcCann Tfu.o, pla& tnxmpzt playzA 
Bznny BaiXzy, dzcldzd to gzt togzthzn. 
and g-ivz an -unpfiomptu jazz conczAt. 
Thz album, Sm-ja-j Mouemenj : wa6 thz 
KZAuZt oi tlvii zndzavofi. 

Thzy did not pfiodacz thz gfizatzit 
-in jazz, but did play iomz gfizat back- 
gfiound maiic. On lJJitzni.nQ to thz album 

juAt OA backgfiound mu-iic, you'll pfiobably 
miAi, thz lifiit -bong, "CompoAzd to What" , 
whtch ij, lafi ^fiom ipzctacuJUufi, but a second 
liAtzning to thz iong will pfiovz it to 
bz zxcJJxngtif zmotional. Thzn, half- 
way thfiough thz Azcond i,ong, "Cold Vuck 
Timz" , by Eddiz HafifiiA, you' Ui bzgin to 
notice iomz vzfiy intzAZAting and 
plzoiing ioundi OA thz 6ong, Izd by 
thz tAumpzting OjJ Bznny Bailzy, con- 
tinuously buildlt upon its boAic 
mzlody. By thz timz "Kathlzzn'6 Thzmz" , 
by Lzi> McCann, and thz thiAd iiOng on 
thz iiAAt iidz comz6 along, you'll, bz 
lijttznlng clo-izZy to &omz tAuly 
bzauti{,ul music. It iA tliz only 
tfiuly imaginativz pizcz on thz wholz 

Sw-cA-A tiovzmznt a-i a tAiholz -id gfizat 
lofi backgfiound muAic, but -ci not imaginativz 
znoagh to bz oa good {,ofi closz liAtzning . 

iiiiiiiii mill II I mil II II II nil III I II II II I 

On MoAch 10 and 11, thz bfiothzAi and 
6iAtzA6 at Spftingiizld CoUzgz movzd on 
h\aA6aAoit dofimitofiy and took contAol o^ it. 
A^tzA long pzAiods of^ fizpzatzd ^fiu6tAation 

and nzglzct ol thziA nzzdi on thz pafit o^ 
thz collzgz adminiAtAotlon, thzAZ 6tudznt!, 
iinally took a dtand {^ofi thzjn6zlvz6. 

In Vzbfiuofiy and l\ay o{, 1969, thz black 
6tadznt body o{, SpfUngiizld Collzgz pfizizntzd 
a Hit o{i dzmandi) to tliz admini^tAation, 
all o{i which wzAz zithzfi ignofizd ofi joinzd 
thz in^initz Li6t ol appzaszmzntA lowzfizd 
onto thz mindi o{, black pzoplz. Thz6z 
dzmandi wzAz,accoAdi,ng to thz position papzA 
iA-iuzd, tliz zAtabli-ihmznt oi a Black 
Studizi Pfiogfiam, adziinitz incAza-iz in thz 
nuBibzA 0(5 black faculty in zvzuy dzpoAt- 
mznt , a black admiAdioni of^^iczA to diiAzct 
thz yzoA-fiound fizcAuJJynznt oi black 6tudznt6 
[an oi-ititant Vzan o^ Admij>&ionA] , mofiz 
&holaAi>hip& {^ofi black 6tudznt6 - spzoiiicalZy 
allocatzd ^ofi dzpfiivzd black 6tudznt&, 
and a viAiblz plan {^ofi a Black CuUuAol CzntzA. 

Alio, accofiding to tliz Spfiing^iztd 
Collzgz black itudznti position papzA, thzAz 
lia-i bzzn inaction on thz dzmandi on thz-iz 
Izvzti; Thz Black StudizA Vfiogfiam i-i being 
taught on thz Izvzl o^ "educating wlvitzd 
and BLACKNESS to white people 
fiathzA than to black pzoplz." Thz incAzoiz 
in black faculty tuAnzd out to bz an in- 
cAzoiz in "Mzgfio" {^acuity. Thz black bfiotlizA 
in adsiii-iioni woA hiAzd bzcauiz hz woa only 
ablz to wofik poAt-timz at thii Job. Mo 
black &holxuU)liip-i havz bzzn -izt a-iidz 
and no plan {\0fi an incAzaiz in thz numbzA 
oi black ^tudznti hai comz iofith. Thz pfio- 
po-izd cultufial czntzA nevzA matzAioLized 
bzcauiz -iitzi pfiopo-izd by thz Adminlitfiation 
wzAz inadzquatz; an old, dilapitatzd, dhinglzd 
houiz, King"i TfianimiA&ion CzntzA [iold LatzA) , 
and an old Hzfvtz Rznt-a-Tfiuck goAagz. A4 
statzd in thz petition papzA, "evidently , 
what ouA cultuAal centzA mzo.yti to thzjn ii 
a dance hall 6pot." 

Alt o{, thziz ifiuitfiatiom wzaz finally 
capped 0^ by thz zvzntA ol lloAch 9. ThzAz 
woA Azmoval oi black- ofiizntzd CliAi-itmai 
ofinamznti, a black {,imalz wa-i accused by thz 
Uzad 0^ Rziidzncz o{, having a black male in 
hzA fioom, iltzgallif, bzcauiz they had entzAzd 
thz dofun togetixzA . 

[con' t- next page] 


On Mo/tc/i U, 1970, thz UyiLvzuaMj 
o{i Mcu>6acku6eXtii wcu> konofizd w-ot/i a 
vLbAJt by a mo6t diAtA-ngiLOthzd VAjtAJjOfi, 
kmb<Ui,cidoK Uuhcummad El-foAAa, tht Jor- 
danian re.pKU&ntatl\Jt to tliz UnLtzd Nation6. 
Atio b^ng oiVaJizAtinyian blood, El-TaAA.a 
■ii, end oi the. hafidut {^-iglitlng clv-itian6 
ion tlie. caa6e ojj tlie. Palestinian fiuiA- 

The evening & toted with an inlofmal 
dinneA, wliich Sie membeAA o^ tiiz OKganizatyion 
0^ Arab Stude.nt6 on cxmpui coordinated. 
Along with a jjm UMa44 6tadent!>, ArabA 
{from throughout the 6tate were, present. 
The. izeJLing o^ brotherhood and unity 
that was present was realty &omeMving 
to witness . 

The next building that ^elt the 
dynamic and charismatic personality 
OjJ the honorable Ambassador El=Tarrar 
was the School o{, Business Administration 
where he gave a -iomeuohat brie{, dis- 
sertation on the cause o^ tlie Pales tinion 
resistance. The Atpbassador stated 
succinctZy the liistory o^ the Middle 
East crisis. He explained how Irael, 
since her establishment by the U.N., 
has allowed her aggressive and ambitious 
tendencies to get the best o^ her, 
notably in 194S and 1967. The honorable 
El-Farra went on to teJUL us how through 
acts o{i intimidation and oppression, 
Israel continually harrassed the 
Palestinians in Israeli occupied 
Palestinian territory. Ambassador 
El-Farra, exlilbiting his natural 
talent {^or speaking, enlightened 
us on how Israel continually Ignored 
the demands o^ her Mother [the (J.W.) 
to give up tlie occupied territory 
and to stop {following the practices 
o{t an imperialistic country. The 
majestic Uukammad H. El-Tarra 
concluded liis speech by assuring 
his audience that the Palestinian s 
didn't want to "drive the Israelis 
Into the sea" , but that the Pales- 
tinians wanted a 'just peace". But 
he reminded us that "there can be no 
peace until tlie Pales tlyUans are 
given their rights. I($ not, resistance 
will continue, escalation oi tlie resis- 
tance will continue and tlie Palestinians 
will win." 

Our brotixer, the Ambassador, supports 
the unity o(^ all oppressed peoples o{, the 
world rising up in unison against theiJi 
oppressors. Truly it is time {,or 'A(,ricans 

in America to tli^ow Oj^iJ the chalni> o^ 
American- influenced hostilities against 
anything that isn't American and join 
the ranks o{, Non-wlilte revolutionaries 
throughout the oppressed world. 

Plvillp Petti John 


{^rom p. 7 

Another incident o{, that evening was 
a black male resident overhearing a 
conversation with racial overtones , a 
direct insult with wlvich he dealt ac- 

All 0|5 these events led to the (^inal 
seizure ojj Massasoit dorm on tlie 
Springfield College cxmpus. Supporters 
{,rom the Vive-College area travelled 
to Springfield as soon as the news of, 
the takeover was announced. They went 
to the nearby A.J.C. Black Cultural 
Center to regroup {,orces and to plan 
strategies. It was agreed that the 
supporters return to their respective 
cxmpuses to ajnass more support. The 
groups returned the next day in larger 
numb en. 

A court injunction to leave the 
building was issued to the brothers 
and sisters involved in the occupation 
wliich they defiled and remained in the 
building. The following afterhoon at 
2:30 P.M., a busload of police arrived 
at the dormitory to the cheers of tlie 
white crowd gatliered there. The police 
Inmedlately cut the chains, smashed 
the plate glass in the door and entered 
the building. The first group of cops 
to enter the building were rather old 
and gray. They were followed by a younger 
group in leather jackets with pistols 
at their sides. As the brothers and 
sisters walked out of the dormitory, 
tliey were greeted with cheers from all 
the supporters. They were then loaded 
onto the buses to be taken to the court- 

At the couAthouse, after the late 
arrival of the judge, the list of names 
of the occupiers was read off, and all 
were charged with contempt of court. The 
judge set bail at $50/person and post- 
poned hearings until the following Tuesday. 


MARCUS GARl/Ey w-'oi pfioad o^ hu A{ifUcan he/Utage.,pAoud o^ IvU blaak 
■i,kA.n,and pfioad o^ Ivis, black bfiotheAi and 'diAtoAA. Ton. a black man to have 
iach laJMi Zn IvU Kacz tooi a fia/vity -in Gafive.y'6 tAjn(L,ioK beting an A{jfiican 
-in AmeAZca W(X6 not ^an. {^Kom the i>ocLaZ. po6-itlon o{^ a IcpeA -in an ancie.nt 
iocA^eXtj. GaAvcij not onltj had tliJj) k{^fu.can, buX. by -the time, o^ IvU 
death he had In^tllied thU In tiie mlnda, and iould o{, mliZionA o{, 
A{jfilcan!> In AmOAlca and thAoughout the mfild. 

Ga/ivetj lAJoj) bofin In Jamaica on Auguu&t 17,1887. When he {^lut came to 
AmeAlca In 1916 he &poke on ^oapboxei In tiie 6tfieet,{ia^ted,and lived fiathen. 
poofilij to pfiove Iil6 -dlnceAlty. Alt tlvU paid o{i{,,f,ofL by 1920 MoAcoi GoAvey 
and IviA ofiganlzation,the Univeual Megfio Impfiovement Association, had with- 
in its flanks millions Oj^ pfioud black ^olk. 

This beautiful black man fieaJLized the impofitance o{, a, 

tWied ofiganization 

"Ofiganization ii a gfieat poiveA in difiecting 
the alf^aiJU o^ a fiace oft nation toMotd a 
given goal. To pfiopeftly develop the desijie^ 
tliat oAe uppeAmost,ioe must (^iASt concen- 
trate tlVLoagh some system ofi method and the/ie 
ii, none betteA than ofiganization. Hence, the 
UniveASal Megfio Impfiovtment Association ap- 
pe.als to each and evety Megfio to throw in 
his lot with those o{i us who,tJ^flOugh ofigan- 
ization, are wofiking ^ofi the universal eivan- 
cipation o{i ouA. fuxce and the fiedemption o^ our 
common country, A ^fiica." 

The total membership of, the U.W.I. A. has sometimes been suggested 
as being as iiigh cub six million blacks , with nine hundred branches ^irough- 
out tiie wofild. The main ((unction o{^ the U.W.I. A. cooi to channel out the 
ideatogy o{^ Garvey. The main pafit of, his ideology was "A(^fu.can Redemption'' . 
Garvey advocated the emancipation of, Af, by all the blacks in the wofild 
and this own words illustrate tluj> point'- 

"No Negro, let liim be American, European, 

West IndUxin or Alfiican shaJil be truly 

respected until the race cu, a whole 

emancipates itself, tiviough self- 

acltieving and progress , from univj 

ersal pfiejudice. The Negro wilj^ 

have to build Ivis own gov- 

ernment, industry, ant, scienCy^ 

literature and culture, be i^ 

fore the wofiZd will, stop to 

consider him. Until, then we 

are but wards of a sapertofi 

fiace and civilization and 

tlie outcast!^ of a standard// ^ 

civilization. The race 

needs workers at tiiis timt^ 

not plagiafilits, copyists. 


and mdfiz AjvZtatou , but me.n and wome.n who afie. 
abto, to cAexite. and ofu.gtnate. and -anpfiovz,thiU> 
make, an fLaci.aJi contAlbation to the. 
iwnZd and clviLizatlon." 

Eooke/L T. Woyiihington had a ^Piong -in{^JUie,nce on GaAvecf aj> acn be 
6ezn by iome o^ tJie. pfio^fumi, that he tnltiaXed thfiough the U.W.I. A. 
The moit woi the BZadz StoA Steamship Company Mlilch 
woi {^iinded by (J.W.I. A. The company puAcJia^ed and patf^-itted 6hAjp.(>,and 
tlie^e iliip-ii LoeAe med to i>et ixp tAadtng tineJi between blacks -in AmeA- 
tca and in K{^fu.can coantnJ.eJ>. The.y we/ie aZAo to be u^ed oi mean^ o^ t/iani- 
poKting ejnigfiated K^fvican^ back to theJji homeland. k{.tt"i about {^ouA. yeau 
the company we.nt bankrupt with a dei^lcit oi 500,000 doltafu. OtheA pKo- 
gfum^ hviXtatzd by GaJivey weAe tixe Uegfio Factory CoApoK.ation,k{^filcan 
Orthodox ChuAch,The UntveAAol ki^fitcan legion, tiie UntveAAat Black Cfio^i 
HuA^eJ>,tke SlntveA^at ^filcan MotoA Cofipi>,and the Juvenile and the Black 
Flying Eaglej,. GaAvey alio 6tantzd a weekly neiv6papeA,tke Uegfio lilofUd, 
wlilch wai ti^e. voice o{^ the Ll.M.l.A. 

With the. (^allxjLAe o^ tiie Black Stafi Steam^lvip Company, GoAvey wai 
bAouglit to couAt by the United States goveAntiient on mall {^Aaudlng chaAgei. 
Gafivey wa^ convicted and sentenced to ilve yeoA^ In an Atlantic pfvUon. 
Coolldge,who waj> pAeAldent at the. ltme,paAdoned GoAvey and had him de- 
pofitcd to Jamaica. {Vepofitatlon, jall,a{,6a^slnatlon,oA {^oficed exile ieem 
to be the iavofilte ^atej> o^ black leadeAi, In ) GoAvey moved to 
London, a^teA a time In Jamaica and tiieAe died ln'1940. 

lioAcuA GoAvey wa6 not only a AevolutlonaAy In hl& time, but alio he. 
would be con^ldeAed one o{i the moAe oAdent AcvolutlonoAle^ In contempo- 
AOAy tunzii. Hli IdeaJLogy could be teAmed a* a i^oadi o{^ black natlonallAm 
^oA he itAongly believed that blacks and whiter couZd not exl&t togetheA 
In the United S^tateA. A{^fLica wa^ the only place wheAe the blacks oi the 
wonJLd could deveJLop thelt cultxiAz to the ultimate degAee. 

He. Aepeated ly lectuAed blacks to 6top wofU>hlpplng things 0(J the 
wlxlte cultuAe add he told them that black woi, the mo6t bcautii-l entity 
o{t alZ. He alio &ald that black women weAc goddeAie^ compared to white 
women and on thU he. uAged,"Take down the, plctuAe^ oi white women ^Aom 
youfi waUU>. Elevate youA own women to tliat place o{i honouA. They oaz 
ioA the moit pafit the. buAdcn-beoAeAi oj^ the Race." 

GoAvey li> undoubtedly the FatheA of, Black NatlonatUm and he {^oundeA 
Oil modeAn ?an-A{<,filcanlj,m.;ti'ieAeiofie,the. wofidi wlxlch he leavejt> a6 with 
deAeAve caAe{,ul pondeAance: 

"The battleA oi the iutuAe whetheA the.y 
be phy&lcal ofi mental, will be iought on 
6CA.enti{ilc llneA,and the Aace OA people 
who afie able to pAoduce the highest iclcn- 
tl^lc development will ultimately lead the 



"Out oi the unAettled 6tate and condition 
o{, the WOAld wilt come 6uch Aevolatom 
that will give each and eveAy Race that li> 
opptLeMed,the oppofUunltij to moAch {^ofw^aAd." 




Cat. B. liihAJbMQfitii 

]_ Know Why the, Cage.d Blfidi Sing by Mawa Ange.lou 

TkeAQ. oAe. many gfizat auto bio gxaphlu by black 
mltzu on the. moAkzt today^iomz axe 6tllZ Living, 
6ome mohtyhM to the came,. Ueahty eueit/one fioi fiexid 
the, Autoblognaphy o£ nalcobn X and Claude Mown'i, Hanclilld 
In the FfiomUed LaM . Thtie tell only oi the haxdAlvtpi, 
oi the black man,hoiaeveA,and It li> about tone we heoAd 
about the hoAdihipi o^ the black mman. I Know (o'/it/ the 
Caged Bludb Sing IS THE ONLY EXAMPLE o(, i,uch a phenomenon. 

Maya, In heA autobiography ,telU the iemale 6lde oi 
gfioMlng up black and In doing 40 4 he conveys a deep 
^eme oi emotion to heA fiexideA^. She telU oi how i,he and 
hex bfiotheA weAz tAani>pofited to and iiom theAA mo then. 
In the Month to theJJi gfiandmotheA In Knkan^a^. Among the 
many events oi hex llie,i>he wa^ a nape victim at tixe age 
oi eight. She ialZed to tell tixe whole tnuth about the 
Incident and 6oon aiteA,when heA (U>i>allant woi, iound dead, 
4/ie conu-cnced heueli that It woi hen He wlvich kilted 
him. A4 a ne&ult oi thJj>,i,he wlthdAew Into a wonld oi 
complete silence, ipeaksing only to hen bAothen.. 

fouA yeoAA aiteA thU Incident, i>he leit kAkan^ai and 
went to San TAancLbco with heA motiieA and heA bnotiien. 
The>ie,6he became the ilA^t black ioAe coUectoA on the 
HoAket StAeet Railway. She lived ioA &ome time In an auto _ 
junkyaAd,and at the age oi sixteen 6he gave blAth to a child. 

But one hoi to Aead thlA, AoAe book to appneciate It. 
It dUplayi^ h\li,i, kngelou'i, ^en&ltlvlty and heA even deep 
bnoodlng love ion heA people and Hie Itbeli. 

About the autlioA. ... 

Maya Angelou li a ionmen dancen.^ She li> at 
pAeient a dtnectoA and ^cntptwnlteA and li, 
at woAk on heA second novel. 

JnaveJU With ChaAley 

by John Steinbeck 

U a book by a white authoA Aelevant to black people"? 

When the authon lb John Steinbeck and the book li TnaveU With Chanley , 
^uch a book lA nelevant to evenyone. 

Steinbeck 6eti, out with hU dog,ChaAley,to iee AmeAlca. He hoi captuAed 
vividly the country' 6 upAooted AeAtle6-i>neA^,tiie enoAmoui waste, the honAon oi 
naclal tension. Thli book Ia penceptlvely neveaUng and completely delightiul. 

In an age when moit men are content to nememben tiie pabt,SteA.nbeck takei, 
on a nemoAkable jouAney acAoi,h Amentca. Upon expenlenclng AOAcum down South, 


St<u.nbzck wfiote.,"J m bcu-laalZy unilttzd to tako. &ldu in the. fuuclal con^tict. 
I miii>t admit that cAuelty and ioKct zxoAtzd against weafene^^ tuJin mo. ilck with 
xagz,but tkU would be in the t/ieatmznt of^ any weak one by a i, one. 
Beyond mij ^aJJiinQ at, a fia^(iu,t,l IzneiM I wa4 not wanted in the South. When 
people ax.e engaged -in 6omzthtng they one net pfioud o^,they do not welcome, wtt- 
ne44e4. In ^acJ:,tkey come to beZieve the wltneA>6 cauieA the t/LOuble." 

16 he being 6tnceAe,oK ju^t anothen. white, man raying that he. U, not pne.- 
judlced? Mo one but John Steinbeck knows, but It would help to fiejxd thu book 
and to t/iy and ilnd the tn.uth iofi youueZ{,. 

About the authoK 

John Steinbeck, one o^ Amexica' i, [white'.i)gfLejateAt 
author, has won tlie VuLLtze/i Vulze ion. hl6 book GnapeA o£ 
Wnath {1940] and, In addition, the Uobel Vfilze In 1962. Bonn 
In Satinas .CaU-iofinla In 1902, most oi Ivu novels oAe. set 
In the sceneAy o^ NoAtheAn Cailionnla. That this afica has 
come to be known as "Steinbeck CountJiy" Is no wondeA. 








Von't Voa KnoM What Vay It W? 

Todaij u, not thz bAAthday 
0|5 a gfiexit man, who, 
d>iUie.d -in puJiptd 
to ifiza thz &Za\}QA>. 

Today aJ> not a gfizaX day 

^01 thz IfLUk. 

In&tzad thz lvii>tgYiiilcjXYit 

fLzmaindzA 0|5 humanity 

votlt dancz nakzd In thz 6t^zzt&. 

Today thz bzoA-dzd MondzA 

wWi onA^z at noon 

to du&t ka> bzzn. bottlz 


avid thz antzbztbm 

ihibolzth mUI iaJUi 

to thoi>z uoho cxinnot 6zz thz mJjtinQ on thz wall. 

Today -a not a 6zaa.ou& 
fLzLigtova holy day, 
aZtliough -Lt might oi 
u}ell bz. 

It -Li a um.vz/uaZ day o^ 

mofinlng fivheAza^ thz 

^un hoA ilnaZZy fiz{,a6zd 

to 6zt and no onz 

knoi/)6 qaitz Mhat to do about Lt. 

Today Jj> thz ivat day oi Vzath. 

moAgoAzX: '69 


Nandcnga comeA to arnQjuLca 

[th<L a/vtidtd 0^ the. Mafoondc Xn Tanzania, and 
t^iozamblque. kave. i>omejtmu ca/ivzd tlie. dZguAt o^ one 
(ualtdjd UandznQa--thz dQjmon--Mlio doj^t/ioyit v-Lilon 

Makonde. bfiotkeAi) and i^toAi a/it now pa/it OjJ thz 
oJimzd libeAoXlon 6tA.ugglz agalmt kmafUcxin --PoKtaguz 
fiatt In Mozomb-ccfue) 

im.api> cold hands, 

a/iound tkz zyu o{^ ckildAzn 
walkeA Ofj .it/izeXi 

In fizdcZay aZabama and 6ubuAban Chicago 

toucking cold nccdloA 

to once clean blood 
Jumping {,fiom blucf^tickcfUng tv tiibu 

to hug a nUZLion watchexi> 

on iunday 

de/non ipAAlt 
the blinding 

be.ljLlnd collection plateA In chuAchc& 
i>llcnt and walling al watoAcoole/a, 
In oiilcci, at colicebfizak 

c/vwlng tixn.kzy with the pllgfvmi, 
hinging the liberty belZ In phlladelplvia 


who came becaii&e he li loved 
who itayi, because he li loved 

^oA Makonde bfiothe^ and ^liteu 
li, demon 
^ofL amenlca 

l6 god 

--John BfLOWn Chltdi 


On Running - 

Mo. h\y bfiothoA^ and 6lJ>teA!> 
no longeA. ^un ^^om tkz 

Inu capable. xtalAXleA o^^ 
tlvuA tivz6. TliziA zyU) 
oA-d opznzd now, and thzy 
know what tiz& akzad 
04 welZ 04 what aj, 

aZJi afioand thzjn. 
l\y KeAou/icz{iUJi bfiothoA^ and i,AjitzU 
uizd to 6uAvtvz by 
fiannlnQ and dodging; 
but now th&y do mofiz than iuAvlvz. 
Now that tlizy know tkz bzautl{iUZ 
fizjxJLity OjJ thzjMzZvzA 
thzy havz itoppzd Kunnying In caJicJLu. 
l\y bzjautiiuJi btiothzfu and ilAtzu 
don't fLun, 
thzy &tand togzthzn. 
and build. 

* Pe.ggy 
WlntzA 6S 



Mind, timz 
Nlggz/Li got no mind, got no timz 

Tljnz, mind 

Wlvitz moHA got thz nlggzXb tlmz,got thz 

nlggz/L6 mind 
Mind, mind 

Blacks got back thzlA mlnd^,and takA,ng 
away thz whlXz man'-i, tlmz. 

-Glzn WalkzA 


^ofL eAlcka hugg-iyii, 

EfUcka/ aJUUoat tipiSdafikzyti> S cof^^^e^ (Untight coijjjee -iklnbtkcapuAAXy 
AklnblkcuheAATRJCAM g^ne^-U {SAX'iMhat'6-Lyi!>^eXliatcouyvti>)/ EfvLcka juAt 
■iiizzzm ioSTROMG jiuticejri/^hzJLiitbu ioSTRONG tiko. &hzc.d -itandup 
ScAumble. thzWORLV/ cAimblz tkz couxt[3ML]houLi>z wZtli heACOSMK-i>zli/ {,l&t 
n.cuUzdWOh\AN^oxcz Ivigkabovz hzAhzad & tightly tUbtzd back Sthz MORAUt^zngth 
conving ju^tAuihing ^fiornhzActznchzd hand ju6tfu.ppZng fvigiitSlzit atbfvickA- 
Efvizka fvipplngo^ thz zouAthouAz tutznattyS notabfiothzA.o>ii>Aj>tzA.huAt by 
iohat/thzaou/it lOouZd calZCOMTEliPT . go ahzad and caJUi zontzmpt and anybody 
zIaz a Mant, couAt. 

yzh, &hz bzithat potttzAfULL. 6hz6AJti/ a^p-uUtuaZpn.zAzncz 
ZnEABVLON^klpp-ing A.n&bztwzzn tiizbofvingdJionz tikz a b\okzn{,ZzldA.unnzA. 
p^p^ngbz-tujzzn tliz Moutdbz tackZzu: ' EhA-zkoMnilzJ) ShzA PURTTV ^tipithAu 
nzgativzAhythxni, gathzAlngi o^^badnzA^iSbad tlvingithat tAy todimhzA AadLLanzz 
w/badwoAdi tikz zxcutpatoAy6zxpo6t{jactoSajudicjatz STRV/ toimpAi4,on 
hzA/ AadAjvtingWRAiAzaJLne^^ Scannot!>uzzzzd -in inu^ingout hzAgtow-ing DARKNESS. 

thzn thJjDonz^i^tzA Loalkzdap S totdmz Zlookzd tikz johnhugg-inA Saj-coa 
(FO'REAL!) ^04... yzh. 

torn izZtzAA 
nzi^ havzn 




hav-Lng to&t a iMo/i 
IqjOvu you 

and cuut afloat; 

coYiqixQAofUi come 


and -impose, i 

cu6tom.i, , moKU , Inx^n, 


to iitXAjp ond, 

to A.avagt one., 

to fiQ,-moi.d OWL 

thuii>,a^teA knowing 

cold- blooded ddtibeAotlon 

itejnming out 

^fLom wlvite. amoAA-ka 

a{^t2A hmnlng vAJupeAotion 

mij 6o{itlij tUXzd mnAtizo tonguz 

ad <X. modulatzi, 

kztzc pa6t,HAJ> panic pa&&-ion, 

cultuAol moAg-ing pkonicA 

Into La Raza,Chlcano, Mestizo 
tixz bh.onzc people o^ kiApano-ameAlcjal 

ye6,a{,ttA alt the embn-olling madned^eit 

savagely ojb&all a6 
to coniofm,to mono-lLnguatize, 
voe cu^tomafilly iivuig 

oiOi meAtizo ihouZdeu 

and nun back to the boAAio, 
eicap-ing all the time 
^fiom the i>ofidu.dnQJii> 

Ol ^OCAjoI AJUpOd-itiOYU) . . . 

* RtcoAdo Sanchez. 


om black man a {^toja. . .togttheA 

tee can 


Atte.yvU.on, Atte.ntion 
tkAOM rfown youA gtini 
thiovi down yovJi guiti 

you oAe. iuM.oande.d 

tii^z -C6 no ejiovpo. 

A.{^ you. tPuiow down you/t anm you wilt make. iX exu^leA on 

yoafueZveJ) and youJi pzople 

Give up- I ^zpeat-Glvz up now 

Vou/L pzoplz ate content 

thzy do not want to be. in.ze 

the.y only want to be black and bexiuZl^uZ. . . 

Glvz up now 

Vou waJUL be dying In vain 
you wlZZ be. dying In vain 
dying In vain 
dying In vain 
dying In vain 
dying In vain 
dying In vain 

Stoke^ W. Hall 3fi. 


Snatching back the. heavy qullti, 
fiexidy lofi anotheA day'i, moving, 
having 6lept oj^jj yeJ>teAday' i> qaUM, 
theAe. li little to do, no gHxU6 to be. mowing, 
money li ioK. imokeJ> and the 
ZlkeA. Leaving the hou^c I gfieet the. clillty 
wind - what a damndd ll{^e. thlji li, 
dlAt, cold, and 4-cn. It li not too eoAty 
to make the cofLneA,pn.etty ioon 6nag, 
Ruddy, and alt will come - now go by 
Kitty '&, to be 6u/ie phone hefi 
hex iotk^i deipl&e you, 
a {^utuAeteJti bum. 
ai the 6tl{){) wind i,tlngi> my no&e, 

It li a 6lgn that I ihoutd itop to give 

icon' t. 


thz iimmM. and thz dzzp fLzpoiz,unLLke, 
my ^AA.e.ndi, Bug,KeAyi!>,G^ov2A,and Hank. 

WiZJUjm H. Smith 

J_ Vftay !_ OvqAtomz 

I miK>t oveAcomz my oppfiuiofi, 

I wofik v2Ay hoAd ^Aom day to day. 

yzt,my lajnlZy -U, 6taA.vlng. 

My kldu, cannot undeAAtand, 

Undzfutand why I Mofik ^fiom 6am to 5pm 

zvzuyday o^ tkz weefe 
(^hilz tkz wkitz kldi lathzfi wofik& ^fiom 9am to 4:30pm 
OnZy {^ivz day& a w^eefe 
yET wz a/iz poofi and thzy oaz fvich. 

I phay {^oh. thz day my kldi) gxow up, 

I d/Lzam thzy tivz In a wofitd whzn.z thzy afiz glvzn 

what thzy mzAlt. 
\\y wl^z pAayi, ^ok thz day thzy cxin go to coZZzgz, 
But mz, I p^iay loA. thz day thzy cxin look abovz thz 

hzad 0^ thzlA. whitz contomponoAy , 
Hot to hatz thzm,but to anJjiZ and JU.{^t thzm zyzi, 

toward hzavzn. 

But titi thzn I achz. 

I t/iy my hoAdzit to kzzp my mI^z and klda happy. 

And I Malt ion thz night momznt to 6tAtkz out against 

my oppfiz&iOK. 
God g-Lvz mz ^tAzngth to {^tght,givz mz ■itA.zngtk, 

cauiz I mu6t ovzfLComz. 

* Cat. 8. WlUtwonth. 


tixz ■ito.nch 0(5 old wofitd {^fizzdom * 

noi^ whtn tke. HAN 6cUd 

"(Ukti to ciihej)" . hz weren't tal\u.n 'bout 
panama fi<Ld on. 
acapatao gold ofi 
new; jQAAzy junk on. 
and Mhe.n that iame. VUVE 

"du&t tl du&t" 

you can't toJUi mz kz woi tkinkln 'bout 
buck civingz an bUU^ 
on. c/vpAjtat A,nvz^tmznt, 
itocki an 
faonctj on. bullion. 

but now tkz viaij iolki> anz {,lyln ojiound, 

chzzn.{tul an on; 

"izzZln in.zz" 
to do tkLb and tlxat 

you'd tivink timt tlizy'd 
tlghtzn thlng-i, up zvzntuaZiy. 
but tlxzy -i-it, [Ivlgh] 

chzzn^ut an ca/inyX-n on; 

"izzUn iKzz" 
to do tiili, and that 

and ^upzA.natuAaliz-Ln 
on ju^t hoiA) In thz wonZd J.C. an thz Boy-l> could damn &ach hand tlmz!> on thm. 
you didn't fizally 4ee thz HAM'S Won.d,dld ya? 


WqJU. . . 

tha^ iMat cha git ^on. iitttn 
oAound AquoAz tablzi> 

&kootin cAap6 at God; 

Likz 4e£){-cAoatnerf klng-i 
on plnatz thnonz^ 
"izzlin in.zz"-to do no thin 
Cauglvt up In ^aliz pn.ztzni,z. 
you didn't n.zaUiy 4ee thz HAN'S WoAd,dld ya? 


moAch 1970 


Big- zyzd, knotty noAz 


Hzy ihoot thejn manblzi,'. 
Raggzd,6toppzd,kal{i bznt 



by William H. SrtuJJi 

Gzt bzhlnd dat tinz'. 
Hzad nxig Annlz,6tAong 
Black Hammy: 


Colon.zd woman 
Von' t juAt 6tand thznz'. 
Kinky Hzad,bn.oMn -iklnnzd; 
baby Boy, 

Son 01$ a New Vayl 


a poA^bOYiaJi conceAn 

and wUZ I t/e££ 
wx;t/i tii^ cAoiod? 
{^on the. cAowd mWL ydUi 


and what wiZJi I 

bo, tiizn — 

hijpocAUXe ofi llbeAatzd poat? 

and how will I two. 
MOAJtinQ Ion. mij dexiXk 
to abioZvz me — 


and hoM waJUL I &i.nQ 

BZoody phjoLiU 

to a nzcQAi&an.y Rzvolution. 

ofi JtihouZd I nacz 

waMi mtj 

fu.glite.oiii cocktOAJL 

Into the Mon^t o^ 

the battle 

and settle mtj icon.e 

w-iMi phony he/io-iaA . 

01 6 halt I d^ie now 

ofL AhaLt I waAX out 

the Revolution 

in exJJie — on 6ome 

6otitaAy exyUtentiaZ planet; 

{^ofi tiiQjm to lind me 


a cowoAd in time 

OfJ (MOA. 

and would I be 

a {,ool,then 

to think 

that meAcy and love 

would die with me? 

on. oAe love and meAcy 
onZy twisted imtAumenti 
o{, white oppneA^ion — 
mone liej>. 

ieb n 10 

Step ^ One 

Set a tAap 

lay a tAap 

lay a 6naAe ion. 

bait the hook 

ipne/id the toiM> 




pulz the wool oveA 


make game oi 

tAi^le with 


make an oi^A o^ 



make-beLieve o^ 

joke.- upon 


pinch and pan o^i 

load the dice aQai.n&t 

counteA^eiX and 

make an apnll ^ool oi 


and hee wheAe it geti oi all. 




ChAiitim& i^ a lot of, tking&. 
Uo&t people tlvLnk about giving 
pn.e^ent!> and getting pn.eAenti>. 
EveAyone ha^ the good Chniitmai, 
&piAit. Boi I think Ch/La>tma6 i^ 
about love. It wa& ion. love oi mankind 
that God 6ent ku 6on down to ennth. 

Giving and getting pneA>ent!> has, a 
lot to do with ChAAj>tma^ ,but. ii theAe 
wab no love no one would give. I wn.ote 
tivii poem about it'- 

ChAAJttma^ moKn ion. me will 

be gay 
But ion my bn.otlieAi in the 
gheXto it will be juht anotheA 
MateAlal tkA.ng6 they will not 




Because you iee tkzy'vz mvzn. Black R2.p2Atofiy Tke.cuOiz/U-l{(U6. 

had tlvii, litihoA TeAAy 

Bat the. ab6e.nce. o^ love, can 549-0109 

teoA tkejn apafiX 
Because God cAzatcd all mzn Co jjjjee Shop/l\uMlc Co-oH.dlnaX.ofi 

with a heAfit Bill Hoi^on 

So with a little help {,fLom lO Pfioipzct St. 

above 253-7S21 

Have a meAAy ChAi^tmoi and AmheAit Collzge Black Hon&z 

leX'6 6hou} alt men love. Octogon 

AmheA^t Coil 
-ffiancii Thoma&, AmheAit Coll. 

6th gfiadeA, 542-23S5;542-23S4 

Be.nmtt School Mt. Holyokz Black Hoiuz 

Ht. Holyoke. Colt. 
So. Hadlzy,Hai.s, 
* * 536-4000 zxt. iU 

Smith Black Student A^&oc: 
COHmmcmOU VATA for THI black Smitli CoUege 

COmUhlUy Hofithhamptjon,UaA& . 

5S4-2400 (LXt. %n 
UniveA6ity o^ Ma6i Black CuJitwial Ccnten. 
IMJUU Hoai e, U-Mom , AmheJUt, Ha&6 . 
545-241 5; 545-2414 U-Ua&^ ., Boston AiHo-Am: 

LonxxLine. Qaaltit 
The Vfium 111 lliUU [CoAl Bfiown] 100 AfdUngton St. 

Black Womzn'6 LibeAation [Jean VaJihl&h] Bo4;ton,Wa44. 

Big BtothzfU A&ioc. [Velcon WelZi] VoAtmoath College A^Ko-Am 

Stxcet Acjademiei) [God VimoK] A{^n.o-Am Society 

CCEBS 214 Milti [CoiA TuAneA,ViAe.ctofL) VoAtmouth College 

CoU^e. Shop [Al Key6] Hanover., Uew HampihiAe. 

LLbfiaxy [Jean ?aAAAj,h] 
SccuAity [Keith Mo* on) 
A{,fLO-Am hlewAletten. 110 IIUUU [Jefoiy BuAAelZ] 

Student Senator: Bill Bfiickhou&e 

51S ljJebiteA,U-Ma^4>. 
Black Studies -.BefinaAd Bell [ViAectoH.) 

549 HenZeA 

U-Ma44. 5-039i;5-0U0 
Black StudleJ:, OUice 5-0S60 
Black Studies: Hike TheIwell[Fo/meA VinectofL] 

10 VfLO^pect St. 

AmheUt,Ma&6 253-7«2J 
Action Lab/StAeet AcadejnieA: 

(fJillam SmiJh 

ScSiool OjJ Ed,U-Ha6A 
§Holyoke Aeiidena -.543-1591 
A^Ko- Am, Faculty AdvlioH. 

Vn.. LatAy Johmon 

355 SBA,U-Ma64> 

A BetteA Chance : 

LeonoAd Smith 

ABC Hoa6e 

14 N. P/LOipect St.,AmheAi>t